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Sample records for editorial nuclear power

  1. Nuclear power in East Asia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abelson, P.H.

    1996-01-01

    This editorial discusses the shifting dominance in the nuclear reactor technology from the USA to new leadership in East Asia. With the expanding economies and electricity demand, Design, construction and operation of a large number of nuclear power plants in east Asia will support nuclear engineers, technologist, manufacturing facilities, and potential weapons experts. In contrast, the cessation of construction of power reactors in the US is leading to deminished nuclear capabilities

  2. Editorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Peter Bøgh; Goldkuhl, Göran

    2005-01-01

    This editorial describes the purpose of the journal and the reasons for its editorial policy, and introduces the articles in this inaugural issue.......This editorial describes the purpose of the journal and the reasons for its editorial policy, and introduces the articles in this inaugural issue....

  3. Nuclear Power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Douglas-Hamilton, J.; Home Robertson, J.; Beith, A.J.

    1987-01-01

    In this debate the Government's policy on nuclear power is discussed. Government policy is that nuclear power is the safest and cleanest way of generating electricity and is cheap. Other political parties who do not endorse a nuclear energy policy are considered not to be acting in the people's best interests. The debate ranged over the risks from nuclear power, the UK safety record, safety regulations, and the environmental effects of nuclear power. The Torness nuclear power plant was mentioned specifically. The energy policy of the opposition parties is strongly criticised. The debate lasted just over an hour and is reported verbatim. (UK)

  4. Nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abd Khalik Wood

    2005-01-01

    This chapter discussed the following topics related to the nuclear power: nuclear reactions, nuclear reactors and its components - reactor fuel, fuel assembly, moderator, control system, coolants. The topics titled nuclear fuel cycle following subtopics are covered: , mining and milling, tailings, enrichment, fuel fabrication, reactor operations, radioactive waste and fuel reprocessing. Special topic on types of nuclear reactor highlighted the reactors for research, training, production, material testing and quite detail on reactors for electricity generation. Other related topics are also discussed: sustainability of nuclear power, renewable nuclear fuel, human capital, environmental friendly, emission free, impacts on global warming and air pollution, conservation and preservation, and future prospect of nuclear power

  5. Editorial:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jenny

    In writing this editorial, I have found three 'rhizome connections' that ... journal editorials, but will rather engage some of the rhizome connections that work their way ... social and natural sciences, arguing that '... society and humans mutually ...

  6. NRC [Nuclear Regulatory Commission] editorial style guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beeson, J.F.; Calure, B.A.; Gable, D.; Lesar, M.T.; Mejac, M.F.; Sanders, R.F.

    1989-10-01

    Editorial style refers to the choices that writers, editors, and secretaries make to eliminate inconsistencies in their documents. These choices apply to the recurrent features of a document such as abbreviations, capitalization, compound words, numbers, symbols, and punctuation, as well as to references and footnotes. Making these choices is sometimes difficult because usage changes as the language evolves. Consider the use of hyphens, for example. Do we write non-power reactor or nonpower reactor? Is it on-site incident or onsite incident? Although usage is moving away from the use of hyphens with prefixes, the authorities who compile style guides do not always agree about which choice to use at a given time. Moreover, each discipline -- law, physics, mathematics -- has specific standards that apply to the publications for that discipline. Even in an area as seemingly certain as spelling, overlapping usage exists. Reputable dictionaries show both ''align'' and ''aline'' as correct spellings. Likewise, ''disc, disk, and diskette'' currently coexist as equally valid choices

  7. Nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Porter, Arthur.

    1980-01-01

    This chapter of the final report of the Royal Commission on Electric Power Planning in Ontario updates its interim report on nuclear power in Ontario (1978) in the light of the Three Mile Island accident and presents the commission's general conclusions and recommendations relating to nuclear power. The risks of nuclear power, reactor safety with special reference to Three Mile Island and incidents at the Bruce generating station, the environmental effects of uranium mining and milling, waste management, nuclear power economics, uranium supplies, socio-political issues, and the regulation of nuclear power are discussed. Specific recommendations are made concerning the organization and public control of Ontario Hydro, but the commission concluded that nuclear power is acceptable in Ontario as long as satisfactory progress is made in the disposal of uranium mill tailings and spent fuel wastes. (LL)

  8. Editorial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Albarracín, Dolores; Cuijpers, Pim; Eastwick, Paul W.; Johnson, Blair T.; Roisman, Glenn I.; Sinatra, Gale M.; Verhaeghen, Paul

    2018-01-01

    This editorial marks the first 4 years of the current editorial period. It offers an opportunity to take stock, review trends, and describe editorial policies for the next 2 years. Psychology continues to shine and accumulate knowledge that scholars integrate, use in the development of theory, and

  9. Nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-01-01

    ''Nuclear Power'' describes how a reactor works and examines the different designs including Magnox, AGR, RBMK and PWR. It charts the growth of nuclear generation in the world and its contributions to world energy resources. (author)

  10. Editorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede

    2008-01-01

    Two years have now passed since I took over from Prof. Dan van Wyk as Editor in Chief of IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. In this period major changes have been implemented as modern journal publications are moving more to all digital publishing. When I took over we introduced Manuscript...... Central as a tool for handling the paper flow and the last two years have shown this was really a right move. It is powerful both for authors, reviewers, associate editors, Editor in Chief and the administrator. Continuously we can track all papers, identify old papers in the process, see statistics......, identify critical delays, track old information etc. Also the Editorial Office is now receiving the final paper all digital without ordinary mail submission which is really making life easier. We hope in the future to be able only to use Manuscript Central in the complete paper process flow....

  11. Nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    King, P.

    1990-01-01

    Written from the basis of neutrality, neither for nor against nuclear power this book considers whether there are special features of nuclear power which mean that its development should be either promoted or restrained by the State. The author makes it dear that there are no easy answers to the questions raised by the intervention of nuclear power but calls for openness in the nuclear decision making process. First, the need for energy is considered; most people agree that energy is the power to progress. Then the historicalzed background to the current position of nuclear power is given. Further chapters consider the fuel cycle, environmental impacts including carbon dioxide emission and the greenhouse effect, the costs, safety and risks and waste disposal. No conclusion either for or against nuclear power is made. The various shades of opinion are outlined and the arguments presented so that readers can come to their own conclusions. (UK)

  12. Nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1980-01-01

    The committee concludes that the nature of the proliferation problem is such that even stopping nuclear power completely could not stop proliferation completely. Countries can acquire nuclear weapons by means independent of commercial nuclear power. It is reasonable to suppose if a country is strongly motivated to acquire nuclear weapons, it will have them by 2010, or soon thereafter, no matter how nuclear power is managed in the meantime. Unilateral and international diplomatic measures to reduce the motivations that lead to proliferation should be high on the foreign policy agenda of the United States. A mimimum antiproliferation prescription for the management of nuclear power is to try to raise the political barriers against proliferation through misuse of nuclear power by strengthening the Non-Proliferation Treaty, and to seek to raise the technological barriers by placing fuel-cycle operations involving weapons-usable material under international control. Any such measures should be considered tactics to slow the spread of nuclear weapons and thus earn time for the exercise of statesmanship. The committee concludes the following about technical factors that should be considered in formulating nuclear policy: (1) rate of growth of electricity use is a primary factor; (2) growth of conventional nuclear power will be limited by producibility of domestic uranium sources; (3) greater contribution of nuclear power beyond 400 GWe past the year 2000 can only be supported by advanced reactor systems; and (4) several different breeder reactors could serve in principle as candidates for an indefinitely sustainable source of energy

  13. Nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abd Khalik Wood

    2003-01-01

    This chapter discuss on nuclear power and its advantages. The concept of nucleus fission, fusion, electric generation are discussed in this chapter. Nuclear power has big potential to become alternative energy to substitute current conventional energy from coal, oil and gas

  14. Nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bupp, I.C.

    1991-01-01

    Is a nuclear power renaissance likely to occur in the United States? This paper investigates the many driving forces that will determine the answer to that question. This analysis reveals some frequently overlooked truths about the current state of nuclear technology: An examination of the issues also produces some noteworthy insights concerning government regulations and related technologies. Public opinion will play a major role in the unfolding story of the nuclear power renaissance. Some observers are betting that psychological, sociological, and political considerations will hod sway over public attitudes. Others wager that economic and technical concerns will prevail. The implications for the nuclear power renaissance are striking

  15. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura López

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Una vez más damos la bienvenida e invitamos a la comunidad académica a leer un nuevo número de Psicología, Conocimiento y Sociedad. Desde nuestra última publicación (noviembre de 2016 acontecieron algunos hechos que enriquecen al proyecto editorial, en este editorial los compartimos con ustedes dada su importancia.

  16. Editorial

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ing of submitted articles has been streamlined on the lines of international journals, by actively involving members of the Editorial Board from assigning referees, over- seeing correspondences with referees, and at all stages until an editorial decision is taken on the suitability of articles for publication. The collaboration with ...

  17. Editorial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oudenhoven, van A.P.E.; Groot, de R.S.

    2014-01-01

    In this editorial to the second Issue of volume 10 (2014), we provide insight into the Journal’s statistics of 2013, announce several interesting Special Issues coming up in 2014 and 2015 and provide a short overview of the papers that make up Issue 10(2). In the previous editorial, we presented

  18. Editorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweetman, C

    1995-02-01

    This editorial introduces a journal devoted to examination of the implications of cultural issues on gender and development work. The secondary status of women is one of the few universals in the world, with biology used as an excuse (yet the only constraints placed upon a woman by biology are when she is pregnant or breast feeding). Constraints differ among societies, and cultural practices which appeal to tradition reinforce the power of men. Patriarchal societies foster the notion of an ideal woman to insure the paternity of children and preserve the families. Because women have primary responsibility for children, they are also perceived as the guardians of the very culture which reduces their status. Rape and domestic violence are used to enforce women's conformity to a traditional role. Violence against women is also used as a weapon of warfare while religious fundamentalists manipulate religious texts to insure women's subordination. Participation in development efforts, however, can allow women to question their marginalization and to become positive role models for other women. The arts and the media can also be used to challenge the status quo. The views of women from southern nations have also been marginalized by the north, and people with formal education wield more power than those with experience but no qualifications. Multicultural ideals require development agencies to listen to historically ignored voices, to make a longterm commitment to cultural change, and to employ local people. Charges of cultural imperialism can be refuted if the aspirations of southern women are included on the development agenda.

  19. Editorial.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bogdanić, Grozdana; Wichterle, Ivan

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 32, č. 2 (2017) ISSN 0352-9568 Institutional support: RVO:67985858 Keywords : CHISA * editorial Subject RIV: CI - Industrial Chemistry, Chemical Engineering OBOR OECD: Chemical process engineering Impact factor: 0.923, year: 2016

  20. Editorial

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Comment. The first and key requirement. Follow International Standards. Recruit Colleagues Dedicated to Editorial Work Appoint. Statistical Editors Appoint Editors to assess ethics and research integrity. Guideline for Authors Review Form Authorship Statement. Form. Identification Number Record dates received, reviewed,.

  1. Editorial

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klusoň, Petr; Bogdanić, Grozdana; Wichterle, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 29, č. 1 (2015) ISSN 0352-9568 Institutional support: RVO:67985858 Keywords : special issue * CHISA 2015 * editorial material Subject RIV: CI - Industrial Chemistry, Chemical Engineering Impact factor: 0.675, year: 2015

  2. Editorial:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wald, Robert M.

    2004-01-01

    gravitational radiation by laser interferometry was not much more than a dream. Similarly, neither the power of modern desktop computers nor the wealth of present cosmological data was widely anticipated. The subjects of 'classical and quantum gravity' were very different in 1984 from what they are in 2004, but the journal Classical and Quantum Gravity has kept up with the changes and developments (and, in some cases, revolutions) that have occurred in these areas. Much of this openness towards new developments in the field can be attributed to the distinguished Editorial Board of Classical and Quantum Gravity, comprising a very broad mix of leading researchers, many of whom are working at the cutting edge of research in their sub-fields. My goal during the next five years is to maintain the open and forward-looking approach that has been characteristic of Classical and Quantum Gravity, while at the same time ensuring that the highest intellectual standards are applied to all work published by the journal.

  3. EDITORIAL: Safety aspects of fusion power plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolbasov, B. N.

    2007-07-01

    This special issue of Nuclear Fusion contains 13 informative papers that were initially presented at the 8th IAEA Technical Meeting on Fusion Power Plant Safety held in Vienna, Austria, 10-13 July 2006. Following recommendation from the International Fusion Research Council, the IAEA organizes Technical Meetings on Fusion Safety with the aim to bring together experts to discuss the ongoing work, share new ideas and outline general guidance and recommendations on different issues related to safety and environmental (S&E) aspects of fusion research and power facilities. Previous meetings in this series were held in Vienna, Austria (1980), Ispra, Italy (1983), Culham, UK (1986), Jackson Hole, USA (1989), Toronto, Canada (1993), Naka, Japan (1996) and Cannes, France (2000). The recognized progress in fusion research and technology over the last quarter of a century has boosted the awareness of the potential of fusion to be a practically inexhaustible and clean source of energy. The decision to construct the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) represents a landmark in the path to fusion power engineering. Ongoing activities to license ITER in France look for an adequate balance between technological and scientific deliverables and complying with safety requirements. Actually, this is the first instance of licensing a representative fusion machine, and it will very likely shape the way in which a more common basis for establishing safety standards and policies for licensing future fusion power plants will be developed. Now that ITER licensing activities are underway, it is becoming clear that the international fusion community should strengthen its efforts in the area of designing the next generations of fusion power plants—demonstrational and commercial. Therefore, the 8th IAEA Technical Meeting on Fusion Safety focused on the safety aspects of power facilities. Some ITER-related safety issues were reported and discussed owing to their potential

  4. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaís Zerbini

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available No início de 2017, a rPOT foi contemplada com mais um importante indexador: O DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals, diretório de revistas eletrônicas de acesso aberto, mantido pela Lund University Libraries na Suécia. Permite o acesso gratuito a revistas científicas e acadêmicas de qualidade. A conquista do DOAJ consistia em um dos objetivos estratégicos propostos pela revista em busca do reconhecimento de seu processo editorial. Um agradecimento especial à nossa Assistente Editorial anterior, Daniele Souza Paulino que foi fundamental no acompanhamento da solicitação do referido indexador. A rPOT continua com seu propósito de melhorias em todo seu processo editorial. Este número é composto por sete artigos...

  5. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Yeakub Ali

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The International Journal of Engineering Materials and Manufacture (IJEMM is celebrating its first year of online open access publication. On this occasion, I would like to congratulate editorial board, reviewers, authors, readers, and subscribers. IJEMM will be published quarterly. In the first year 2017, we planned for four issues where the first issue includes 5 articles in addition to this editorial. The initiative of this journal was taken in the 2015 and then with several meetings and discussions, finally platform was formed in July 2016 to nurture continuously growing in interest in the area of materials and manufacturing engineering. It was felt that the increasing number of researchers and academicians in the materials and manufacturing engineering community needs a dedicated journal for the publication of their research outputs. We have formed a strong editorial board for timely publication with high quality consistent review and proofreading.

  6. Editorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    This editorial introduces the Journal of Applied Psychology. More specifically the editor wants to share with you (a) the journal's scope and mission, (b) expectations for different types of articles considered by the journal, and (c) the review process used. The information included is also based on the editorial team's consideration of current trends in the psychological and organizational sciences, as well as emerging changes in peer review processes within the social sciences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved.

  7. Computed tomographic practice and dosimetry: implications for nuclear medicine: editorial

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mountford, P.J.; Harding, L.K.

    1992-01-01

    This editorial briefly discusses the results of an NRPB survey of x-ray computed tomography practice and dosimetry in the UK. A wide variation in practice and patient doses was revealed. The implications for nuclear medicine are considered. The NRPB is to issue formal guidance on protection of the patient undergoing a CT investigation with the aim of achieving a more systematic approach to the justification and optimization of such exposures. (UK)

  8. Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaskill, Jack D.

    1989-09-01

    In the May 15, 1989, issue of The Wall Street Journal, the lead editorial addressed an activity that is taking place in the United States but one that should send chills up the spines of scientists and engineers around the world.

  9. EDITORIAL

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... for therapy choices in our patients with uncomplicated, type2 diabetes. It is important to note that a “differentiated” guideline does exist for high-risk patients especially in the patients in whom secondary prevention from further cardiovascular events is indicated. From the editorial team of JEMDSA a happy and healthy New.

  10. Editorial

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    With Editorial Manager, authors have access to one of the best available tech- nologies for handling manuscripts. With Springer-. Link, articles published in JESS are part of one of the world's leading interactive databases pro- viding a central, keyword-searchable access point for researchers and scientists. Open Access is ...

  11. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Jacobs

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available ALT-J has a new editorial team from this issue. I'm glad to say that Gabriel Jacobs will remain involved with the journal as Executive Editor. The new Editor is David Squires from King's College London but he will not be able fully to take over until the next issue. I have been appointed as Deputy Editor.

  12. Editorial

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    denise

    Editorial by Christopher R. Stones. Editor-in-Chief ... The first paper in this current edition, “The Essentials of Existential ... fathers experienced being-a-father through their relationship with their newborn child. This paper confirms previous accounts of new fathers' experiences but, additionally, reveals a patterned ebbing and ...

  13. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Dettenhofer

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available It is a great pleasure to present the first volume of Nanobiomedicine (NBM. This unique open-access scientific journal will be available at no charge to both readers and authors, and aims to publish up-to-date expert reviews, scientific manuscripts, technology reports, perspectives, opinions and editorials in the rapidly emerging field of nanotechnology and biomedical research.

  14. Editorial

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The final publication of the regulations making family medicine a specialist discipline for family medicine, general practice, primary care and rural health in South Africa in the Govern- ment Gazette of 17 August 2007 was indeed a milestone. This editorial gives a short historical perspective to respect those who came before ...

  15. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svend Brinkmann

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This is the first issue of a new journal, entitled Qualitative Studies. We hope that this new journal will become a central forum for discussions of qualitative research in psychology, education, communication, cultural studies, health sciences and social sciences in general. Qualitative Studies is peer-reviewed and publishes papers in English and the Scandinavian languages in any of these areas. We are interested in papers that discuss qualitative methods, their promises, problems and philosophies, and also papers that apply such methods in concrete qualitative studies. We aim to publish two issues a year, but since Qualitative Studies is an open access and web-based journal, we can allow ourselves some flexibility in this regard, and for example choose to publish additional special issues, if such options arise. Qualitative Studies is associated with the Center for Qualitative Studies at Aalborg University in Denmark (www.cqs.aau.dk. But we hope that potential authors from other universities in Denmark and the rest of the world will take an interest in Qualitative Studies as an outlet for their work. In preparing this first issue, we have received a fair amount of manuscripts, many of which are still under review, but in order to show that Qualitative Studies is alive as a journal, we have chosen to publish this first issue with four articles, two of which are in English and two of which are in Danish. Together, these articles show the scope of themes and approaches that we hope will flourish in Qualitative Studies. Abbey and Zittoun offer a semiotic analysis of interview processes, Kristensen analyses power dynamics as reflected in people’s everyday lives, in casu modern traffic, Klausen reports a study of parkour, an art of urban movement, and Frimann & Jantzen present a cultural-poetic analysis of a short interaction sequence at a gas station. All articles integrate theory and empirical material in fruitful, albeit very different, ways

  16. Nuclear power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hodgson, P.

    1985-01-01

    The question 'Do we really need nuclear power' is tackled within the context of Christian beliefs. First, an estimate is made of the energy requirements in the future and whether it can be got in conventional ways. The dangers of all the ways of supplying energy (eg coal mining, oil and gas production) are considered scientifically. Also the cost of each source and its environmental effects are debated. The consequences of developing a new energy source, as well as the consequences of not developing it, are considered. Decisions must also take into account a belief about the ultimate purpose of life, the relation of men to each other and to nature. Each issue is raised and questions for discussion are posed. On the whole the book comes down in favour of nuclear power.

  17. Editorial

    OpenAIRE

    Evangelos Christou

    2015-01-01

    Editorial: Journal of Tourism, Heritage & Services Marketing (JTHSM) is an international, multi-disciplinary, double-blind refereed (peer-reviewed) journal aiming to promote and enhance research in all fields of marketing in tourism, heritage and services management. The journal is published by the Alexander Technological Institute of Thessaloniki (in Greece), one the largest higher education institutions in the country offering both undergraduate and postgraduate studies in tourism, manageme...

  18. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.M. Vorster

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The Editorial Board feels privileged to present this issue of In die Skriflig in honour of Professor Ben de Klerk. For this edition Professors Fritz de Wet and Rantoa Letšosa were asked to act as guest editors, and we thank them for excellent work done in this regard. We, therefore, presented them with the opportunity to write the foreword for this special edition.

  19. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AHM Zahirul Alam

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available     IIUM ENGINEERING JOURNAL     CHIEF EDITOR Ahmad Faris Ismail, IIUM, Malaysia TECHNICAL EDITOR Erry Yulian Triblas Adesta, IIUM, Malaysia EXECUTIVE EDITOR AHM Zahirul Alam, IIUM, Malaysia ASSOCIATE EDITOR Anis Nurashikin Nordin, IIUM, Malaysia LANGUAGE EDITOR Lynn Mason, Malaysia COPY EDITOR Hamzah Mohd. Salleh, IIUM, Malaysia   EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS Abdullah Al-Mamun, IIUM, Malaysia Abdumalik Rakhimov, IIUM, Malaysia Amir Akramin Shafie, IIUM, Malaysia Erwin Sulaeman, IIUM, Malaysia Hanafy Omar, Saudi Arabia Hazleen Anuar, IIUM, Malaysia Konstantin Khanin, University of Toronto, Canada Ma'an Al-Khatib, IIUM, Malaysia Md Zahangir Alam, IIUM, Malaysia Meftah Hrairi, IIUM, Malaysia Mohamed B. Trabia, United States Mohammad S. Alam, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, United States Muataz Hazza Faizi Al Hazza, IIUM, Malaysia Mustafizur Rahman, National University Singapore, Singapore Nor Farahidah Binti Za'bah, IIUM, Malaysia Ossama Abdulkhalik, Michigan Technological University, United States Rosminazuin AB. Rahim, IIUM, Malaysia Waqar Asrar, IIUM, Malaysia     AIMS & SCOPE OF IIUMENGINEERING JOURNAL The IIUM Engineering Journal, published biannually, is a carefully refereed international publication of International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM. Contributions of high technical merit within the span of engineering disciplines; covering the main areas of engineering: Electrical and Computer Engineering; Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering; Automation and Mechatronics Engineering; Material and Chemical Engineering; Environmental and Civil Engineering; Biotechnology and Bioengineering; Engineering Mathematics and Physics; and Computer Science and Information Technology are considered for publication in this journal. Contributions from other areas of Engineering and Applied Science are also welcomed. The IIUM Engineering Journal publishes contributions under Regular papers, Invited review papers, Short communications, Technical

  20. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Zazo Moratalla

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available El número 35 de mayo de 2017 arranca una nueva etapa para URBANO. Tras su reformulación en 2014 por su anterior editor, Ignacio Bisbal, la revista del Departamento de Planificación y Diseño Urbano, que hasta entonces había desempeñado un papel más divulgativo en el contexto chileno, se decidió ajustar a los estándares científicos y poder aspirar a su indización internacional. En esa etapa, la revista se transformó para dar cabida a todas las necesidades formales, y mejoró su visibilidad y la trazabilidad de su proceso editorial a través del Open Journal System. Además, el trabajo conjunto del equipo de producción editorial de Urbano y del resto de editores de la Facultad de Arquitectura, Construcción y Diseño de la Universidad del Bío-Bío favoreció un crecimiento conjunto como equipo y un aprendizaje colectivo de los procesos de mejora de la calidad editorial. El resultado de este trabajo fue el acceso a los índices Redalyc, Latindex Catálogo, Avery Index, DOAJ, Dialnet, Redib, EBSCO y la red ARLA.

  1. Editorial for IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede

    2007-01-01

    Our IEEE transactions on power electronics has had some very positive progress these past years under the leadership of Dr. Daan van Wyk. Papers have been processed efficiently both in review time and publication time. This success has spread throughout the whole power electronics community which...

  2. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annelies Verdoolaege

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The Africa Platform of the Ghent University Association and its journal Afrika Focus have always tried to focus on academic expertise in Africa and on academic north-south collaboration. Through its annual conference and its journal the Africa Platform offers a forum in which African academics and northern scholars working on Africa can forge new and often interdisciplinary collaboration. Most of this research on Africa is highly relevant to the development of African societies, as became clear at the last symposium of 1 This editorial was written just a few days before Nelson Mandela passed away on 5 December 2013. We have lost a great man. Hamba Kahle Madiba. [5 ] the Africa Platform, entitled ‘Africa: (post-development?’ This special issue of Afrika Focus contains a number of articles that were presented at that symposium, which took place on 7 December 2012. In his article ‘Performance, poverty and urban development: Kigali’s motari and the special city’ Rollason describes the con ict between motorcycle taxis in Kigali and the city authorities. Urban development of Kigali is at stake here as these motari do not seem to match the image of the city the government wants to present. The article by Debusscher ‘Gender equality in European Union development policy: incorporating women’s voices or con rming hierarchies?’ is highly critical of the gender mainstreaming approach of the EU in its development aid towards sub-Saharan Africa. The EU seems to be more con- cerned with reaching its policy goals rather than challenging existing power structures in Africa. Both of these articles raise awareness on the level of a particular development-re- lated issue, and they have the potential to lead to concrete recommendations for national or EU development policies. The three remaining articles in this issue do not t in with the development-topic. Mulamba’s article ‘Luba folklore and women’s ethno-gendered discourse of wifehood in

  3. Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gianturco, F. A.; Raimond, J. M.

    2005-01-01

    This issue of EPJ D introduces a revised list of sections and subsections, designed in close collaboration with the whole editorial board. The aim of these modifications is to reflect more faithfully the wide diversity of activities covered by our journal. A new section is introduced. Entitled “Atomic and Molecular Collisions”, it covers a large range of activities, from atom/atom or atom/molecules collisions (including the very active field of ultra-cold collisions in laser-cooled atomic or molecular gases), to electron scattering and molecular reactivity. The creation of this section reflects the increased interest of the journal for molecular and collisional physics, already apparent in the recent extension of the editorial board competence in this direction. We very much hope that this community will react positively to this trend and become a major component of the journal's life. For the other sections, we have markedly revised the list of subheadings. We think it important to make it as detailed as possible, both to indicate that EPJ D aims at being a generalist journal for AMO physics and to help our authors to find easily the proper section for their submissions. There is of course no way to describe the whole field's activity in a few subheadings. They are all to be understood with the broadest meaning. This list is by no means an exclusive one. All theoretical or experimental papers connected to atomic, molecular, plasma, quantum or optical physics are welcome. This revised section list appears almost simultaneously with the new WEB portal to all EPJ journals (www.eurphysj.org), which will be online within a few weeks. It unites the material formerly presented on our publisher's WEB sites (EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer). All the journal contents are available there (and all WEB registrations are of course valid for this portal). We offer also a free access to the highlight papers (see our editorial, Eur. Phys. J. D 29, 3 (2004) and below), for at

  4. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo Giraldo Díaz

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Inaugurado oficialmente el 5 de diciembre de 2014 con celebraciones en New York,Santiago de Chile y Bangkok, 2015 ha sido declarado como el Año Internacional delos Suelos: “suelos sanos para una vida sana”. En esta editorial de RIAA resaltamosla importancia de los suelos como fundamento de la agricultura familiar, como pilar en la prevención y/o mitigación del cambio climático y como multiplicidad viva.

  5. Editorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Poul Alberg; Duic, Neven

    2016-01-01

    This editorial introduces the 11th volume of the International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management. The volume addresses smart energy systems and the optimal ways of integrating renewable energy into these. Two of the contributions are from the perspective of energy storage...... with one arguing that other storage options are preferable to designated electricity storage. This includes thermal storages for house heating and gas and liquid fuel storage for e.g. the transportation sector. Secondly, a paper investigates more narrowly communal vs individual electricity storage...

  6. Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Toyonobu

    2013-02-01

    As the successor to Professor Teruo Kishi, the former Editor-in-Chief of Science and Technology of Advanced Materials (STAM), I would like to share some of STAM's journal history with our readers. STAM was launched in 2000 with the financial support of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in recognition of a strong need for an international journal that would be distributed and read across the globe. Five years later, the publication of STAM was transferred to the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) under the initiative of Professor Kishi. As a result of his work, STAM is now positioned as a high-impact journal, 3.512 as listed by the ISI 2011 Science Citation Index Journal Citation Report, with a much higher and faster growth than when I was participating as a co-founder in the past. STAM is well known as a successful open-access journal since shifting from the initial subscription model in 2008. As an editor, I would like to emphasize that STAM will continue to publish with a sense of social mission as an academic journal, allowing space for researchers to contribute to the sustainable development of society and health. However, some contribution from authors would assist us in creating a sustainable journal publishing model, and further enhance services to authors and readers of STAM. With this in mind, I would like to state that STAM's editorial board is planning to introduce an article processing charge from July 2013, in addition to NIMS' continuing financial support. One of our new editorial policies is to aim for reader-oriented publishing. I believe that academic journal publishing can take the role of navigator in advancing the development of materials. Among the many other scientific journals, STAM will lead the rapid growth in materials science, inspiring research into new materials for the future and leading the next generation of materials science and technology. It is my honor to work with members of

  7. Editorial:

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Calderón, Humberto

    2006-01-01

    : Editorial: El emblemático número tres. Por: Ruiz Calderón, Humberto Especial Jóvenes, alcohol y ¿salud?. Venezuela, penoso liderazgo: consumo de licor y muertes en percances viales. Por: González, Silvia Lidia ¡Cuidado! ebrio al volante. Artículo Bebiendo el futuro. Por: Morales, Nelson Guía Web Sitios sobre alcoholismo en Internet. Historias El rostro más especial de Venezuela. Jacqueline Saburido. Por: González, Silvia Lidia Hora libre...

  8. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo Giraldo Díaz

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Para esta editorial de RIAA hemos querido rendir homenaje a uno de los más importantes investigadores colombianos: Orlando Fals Borda, sociólogo. Para ello, presentamos apartes de algunas lecturas de sus textos y lo presentamos como una provocación para retomar una de las preguntas que planteaba Fals Borda: "¿qué exigencias nos ha hecho y nos hace la realidad en cuanto a nuestro papel como científicos y en cuanto a nuestra concepción y utilización de la ciencia?"

  9. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Verbeeck-Boutin

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available English versionIn the previous editorial, we mentioned  the “work in progress” character  of our publication. This exposé is still as topical as ever and we refer the reader to it, so that the objectives, methods and difficulties of our enterprise can be better understood. In the same spirit, this special issue that we are presenting explores a new format and novel approach. Reserved for first-time publications by young conservator-restorers, it brings together in one volume about  thirty con...

  10. Editorial.

    OpenAIRE

    Suniaga Q., José

    2007-01-01

    Editorial. Suniaga Q., José La codorniz fuente proteica para consumo humano. Díaz Cuellar, Doraida R. y González, Diomary Diagnóstico de parásitos gastrointestinales en bovinos y su importancia en la productividad de los sistemas ganaderos. Castillo O., Mayela; Hernández, Javier A.; Betancourt, Arquímedes y Suniaga Q., José Nutrición vegetal (II). Moyeja Santana, Juan de Jesús Nutrición vegetal (III). Moyeja Santana, Juan de Jesús Plagas chupadoras de las cítrica...

  11. Editorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweetman, C

    1996-06-01

    A gender perspective requires examining how gender roles affect the ways in which various family members can participate in the wider community, economy, and state. It is important to recognize the disparity between perceptions about the family as a benign institution and the reality that many families consist of a paradoxical blend of love, support, friction, domination, and even cruelty. Definitions of family reveal the social implications of the belief that families are centered on children and the need of patriarchs to control female sexuality. Notions about households are generally more concrete, and many households include people who are not family members and are not nuclear in nature. Many development initiatives have floundered because of the assumption that households distribute resources according to individual needs. Instead, household members use bargaining power to get their way, and women are generally in weaker bargaining positions than men. Linking men solely with production and women solely with reproduction ignores the realities of most women's lives, although the unpaid reproductive work women do influences their access to paid employment. In order to assure family stability and to find ways to provide social welfare, women's workload in the family must be reduced. Family life must not be hidden in a "private" sphere where injustices and violence are ignored. Unconscious biases against families of various types must be rooted out and overcome, and policy-makers must recognize that families evolve to meet changing needs. Finally, the notion of the nuclear family as the ideal family type must be challenged.

  12. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Hernán García Alvarado

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available  Presentamos la primera edición del año 2017 de la Revista Hábitat Sustentable y habiendo transcurrido ya seis años desde que la publicación naciera, debemos destacar logros notables. En primer lugar, mantener dos ediciones semestrales con media docena de artículos de investigación seleccionados anónimamente por evaluadores externos, expresa una relevante producción científica destinada a reducir el impacto ambiental de las edificaciones, como también un gran esfuerzo editorial, del equipo académico y técnico de la Universidad del Bío-Bío. Adicionalmente, la revista ha obtenido indexaciones de relevancia internacional que, como sabemos, expresan su calidad editorial y científica, validando así el trabajo de los investigadores y editores. Estas voluntades son especialmente valiosas si recordamos que se trata de la primera publicación científica latinoamericana dedicada a la sustentabilidad del ambiente construido, cuyo espíritu es respaldar y divulgar el desarrollo académico en arquitectura, construcción, diseño y  urbanismo frente a los desafíos ecológicos.

  13. Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-03-01

    The Journal of Magnetic Resonance has played a prominent role in encouraging synergies between physical insights and biophysical applications. In this Virtual Special Issue (VSI), JMR's associate editor Dr. Robert (Rob) Tycko highlights the state-of-the-art in this area, by presenting a compilation of JMR articles published over recent years that demonstrate the value of indirect detection methods in biosolids NMR. This is a topic that Rob knows only too well, having been one of its founders and main expositors. This thematic VSI also gives a perfect "excuse" for thanking Rob for the seven years that he has served as our card-carrying solids NMR associate editor. His work for the Journal was, like all other NMR endeavors in which Rob has embarked, characterized by utmost excellence. Over the years he contributed numerous ideas and initiatives, while providing editorial judgment in the handling of over 320 individual papers. For all this we in the NMR community wish to extend Rob our sincere thanks; to offer him our best wishes for a continued successful career and happiness in all walks of life, and to express our hope that we can keep on counting on his wisdom and advice as member of our Editorial Board. I would also like to use this opportunity to extend a warm welcome to Chad Rienstra, who will be replacing Rob in his role of associate editor. Chad: You have some big shoes to fill in, but we all know that you will be up to the challenge!

  14. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farshid Sarrafzadeh-Rezaei

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available It is a pleasure to write an editorial for the 6th issue of Veterinary Research Forum (VRF. Since its publication in June 2010, the journal has received a huge amount of welcome among the different walks of scientists and clinicians. On time publication, meticulous referring and quick processing of manuscripts are the attributes, which we pride on them all. Of course, all these would not have been achievable if we did not have your sincere co-operation. Thus, I will take this opportunity to extend my heartfelt gratitude, in equal measure, to the authors, reviewers, the editorial board, the editorial office and our readers. I am also extremely delighted to announce since the publication of previous issue, VRF has been added to the list of ISI (Institute of Scientific Information by Thomson Reuters Corporation. The same corporation which is also responsible for publishing Journal Citation Reports which lists an impact factor (IF for each of the journals that it tracks. This is a really big step forward for our new journal and we hope to obtain a deserved IF of our own in not very distant future.We have also recently teamed up with CABI, so at the moment full text content indexing of VRF have been started on CABI data bank, meaning more availability for a larger audience.In the current issue, we have included a review article titled “Nutrigenomics & Its Applications in Animal Science”. This review article may fall a little bit short from the strict standards, which are in place for a review article within our journal. However, due to rather new and burgeoning content of the paper we thought our readers might find it quite interesting, so we went ahead with its publication.Finally, we are thinking of designing a new more user-friendly, more reliable website for VRF which can include easy-to-use options for submission, review and tracking manuscripts for everyone. Thus, your suggestions and ideas will be very welcome in this regard.We are always

  15. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elio José Santini

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The Center of Forestry Research- CEPEF- is linked to the Fundação de Apoio à Tecnologia e Ciência (FATEC, of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, and was created in 1986 with the mission of promoting the scientific investigation, contributing to the solution of the unique problems of the forestry enterprise. For the publication of the technical-scientific knowledge generated in the Institution, and by other researchers in forestry, the Revista Ciência Florestal was created, in 1991, as a result of the combined effort between the University and the private forest sector. The difficulties found in the early number were slowly overcome, with the effective participation of all segments, always looking of the improvement of the scientific and editorial quality, compartible with the qualitative growth goals of the journal. In this context, the incorporation of nationally renown researchers to the editorial board turned the scientific consulting more selective. The first important recognition of this journal happened with its indexing by the CAB International System, from England, in 1997. The repercussion of the inclusion on the indexing system was felt by the significant increase in the number of manuscripts received. To meet this new challenge, and the demand by the Braxilian scientific community, the Editorial Board decided to implement a second number of the journal, making it biannual this year. Thus, the edition of the ninth volume will comprise this first number, in the month of June, and a second one, planned forDecember 1999. Another change, to catch your eyes, is the cover of the Journal, bringing a new style. The design was developed by the Visual Programming Laboratory, of the Center for the Arts and Literature od the UFSM, substantially changing its layout, and giving it a more modern and actual appeal. The innovation will be complemented by a different picture in each volume. CEPEF hopes to modernize its Journal of scientific

  16. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Board

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Dear colleagues and readers of our journal, Last year there appeared one special issue of our journal, i.e., "Self-organization and collective behaviour in complex systems", alongside with three regular issues. This year we start with a special issue entitled "What is liquid?", in honour of Douglas Henderson, a member of our Editorial Board, dedicated to his 80th birthday. The collection of papers to appear in this issue is aimed at providing a critical review of the state of the art and of the open questions posed in the theory of liquids. The 2013 ISI impact factor of Condensed Matter Physics is 0.771. In total, 246 citations were made in 2014 on the articles published in our journal according to the ISI Web of Science data. It is our pleasure to list herein three most cited papers in 2014, which are: A.V. Khomenko, N.V. Prodanov, Molecular dynamics simulations of ultrathin water film confined between flat diamond plates, Condens. Matter Phys., 2008, 11, 615; A. Honecker, S. Wessel, Magnetocaloric effect in quantum spin-s chains, Condens. Matter Phys., 2009, 12, 399; and D. Ivaneyko, V. Toshchevikov, M. Saphiannikova, G. Heinrich, Effects of particle distribution on mechanical properties of magneto-sensitive elastomers in a homogeneous magnetic field, Condens. Matter Phys., 2012, 15, 33601. We also introduce changes into editorial processing of the papers and into the editorial structure in order to increase the level of published papers as well as to provide a more rapid service to the authors. In particular, the initial screening of the manuscripts concerning the correspondence for publication in Condensed Matter Physics will be completed by our associate and assistant editors. Please check our web page for the relevant changes in the requirements to the scientific quality of submitted manuscripts. The important statistics regarding the submission process and the related information will be monitored online starting from this year, see our

  17. Editorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Deeb, Saleh M; Khan, Sonia

    2009-01-01

    Neurosciences continues to be the leading journal for Neurosciences in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East. In January 2007, Neurosciences was indexed by Thomson ISI in Science Citation Index Expanded online at ISI Web of KnowledgeSM and Neurosciences Citation Index. Since then a significantly increased volume of scientific articles continues to be submitted to the journal by enthusiastic authors, a fact that enriches the scientific contents of the journal. In 2008, we had a total number of website hits of 495,625 with a monthly average of 41,000. We received a total of 155 manuscripts, with a monthly average of 13 and an average rejection rate of 29%. From these, we published a total of 100 articles, totaling 523 pages for the entire volume. Forty-nine percent of these were original articles. Fifty-eight percent of published articles were from the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), with 30% from KSA, 5% from the Gulf, and 23% from other Arab and EMR countries. The remaining 42% of published articles we received from Canada, India, Japan, Malaysia, and Turkey. The average time from received to acceptance of original articles was 4 months and 4.9 months for acceptance to publication. Reasons for rejection included unrelated topics, poor contents, or duplicate publication. In addition to our 4 regular issues in 2008, we published a supplement of abstracts presented at the 16th Saudi Neuroscience Symposium. We would like to thank the Editorial and Advisory Board Members for their significant contribution to maintain the standards of Neuroscience and looking forward to their important continued role in achieving our goals for 2009. In 2009, we aim to increase the number of issues to meet the increased load of manuscripts. Our objective is to enrich the scientific Neuroscience material presented by the journal with important topic reviews and regular neuroscience quizzes to achieve PubMed indexing. We will continue to promote our new web-based manuscript submission

  18. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Equipo editorial ESJ

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available El año pasado nos dimos a la tarea de averiguar cómo se creó Estudios Socio-Jurídicos en la Facultad de Jurisprudencia de la Universidad del Rosario, para conmemorar 20 años de trabajo editorial de la revista. Parte de la investigación se realizó a partir de encuestas en profundidad con miembros de la facultad vinculados, entonces, como profesores de cátedra y quienes vieron nacer la publicación de la mano del Dr. Marco Gerardo Monroy Cabra. La idea de tener una revista de divulgación era, principalmente, hacer públicas las reflexiones de los profesores de esta facultad, además de establecer un diálogo de saberes que abriera el enfoque hacia otras disciplinas de las ciencias sociales.

  19. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristy L. Archuleta

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    The Journal of Financial Therapy continues to garner national and international attention. This is largely due to the excellent submissions received and the outstanding work of the editorial board and reviewers. Although the Journal is just beginning its second year, papers from the past and current issue have been quoted in the media, on the Internet, and in college classrooms. A simple Google Internet search of the phrase “financial therapy” leads those navigating the World Wide Web directly to the Journal. In conjunction with New Prairie Press, papers, reviews, and profiles are accessible to anyone in the world via the open access journal network, which makes it highly likely that authors will be referenced in additional manuscripts. It is definitely an exciting time to be involved in the development of financial therapy as a new field of study through the Journal.

  20. Editorial

    OpenAIRE

    Cardona Rodas, Hilderman; Docente-Investigador del Departamento de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de Medellín

    2015-01-01

    La revista Ciencias Sociales y Educación del Departamento de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas de la Universidad de Medellín, proyecto editorial que comenzó en el segundo semestre de 2011 y que entregó su primer número en enero-junio de 2012, ofrece a la comunidad académica y al público en general su octava versión. Siete artículos resultado de investigación, dos ensayos, una serie de artículos relacionados con la obra del antropológo francés René Girard (1923-2015), un homenaje a la propuesta teat...

  1. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo Giraldo Díaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La Universidad Nancional Abierta y a Distancia (UNAD, através de contrato con la Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada (RENATA, ha migrado el contenido de sus publicaciones (revistas, libros derivados de investigaciones, boletines y otros materiales universitarios al Open Journal System (OJS, un sistema de Administración y publicación de revistas y documentos periódicos (seriados en internet. El sistema permite reducir el tiempo y energías del proceso editorial y de esta forma lograr un manejo más eficiente y unificado del mismo, acelerando el acceso de los autores y la difusión de los artículos de investigación producidos por la comunidad académica.

  2. EDITORIAL

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Alberto Velasco

    2005-01-01

    Durante este año 2005, el Comité Editorial de Colombia Médica recibió para considerar su posible publicación, un buen número de artículos relacionados con el área pediátrica, lo que permitió luego de las evaluaciones por pares, revisión metodológica y revisión de estilo, la edición de dos suplementos en este campo. El primero de ellos durante el segundo trimestre del año, en el marco de un certamen académico internacional organizado por el Grupo de Investigación GASTROHNUP de la Universidad ...

  3. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libia Esperanza Nieto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Para el segundo semestre del 2016, el Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Colciencias, tiene prevista la convocatoria para la evaluación de revistas científicas. Actualmente se halla en discusión la política para mejorar la calidad de las publicaciones científicas nacionales. Según las orientaciones de la política, el nuevo modelo de Colciencias estará basado en el impacto de las publicaciones científicas, lo cual comporta la incorporación de criterios que permitan medir y clasificar las revistas especializadas colombianas. El modelo contempla una mayor autogestión editorial e indicadores de medición del impacto, complementarios a los ofrecidos por Web of Science (WoS y Scopus, especialmente el índice H5, por áreas de conocimiento.

  4. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo Giraldo Díaz

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde el primer número publicado en el año 2009, la Revista de Investigación Agraria y Ambiental RIAA, ha ido posicionando su proyecto editorial. RIAA es una revista científica de circulación semestral, que recibe artículos bien sea en español, inglés o portugués; entodos los casos los resúmenes de los mismos aparecen en tres idiomas, a saber, español,inglés y portugués. Próximamente, todos los artículos publicados contarán con versióncompleta en inglés con miras a una pronta inclusión en la base de datos bibliográficaScopus y otros índices de citación.

  5. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Dagnino

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Ars Medica será, a partir de este año, una publicación en línea, abierta a la comunidad nacional e internacional, de acceso libre, con artículos revisados por pares independientes y con un proceso editorial que esperamos sea progresivamente más ágil y amigable gracias al apoyo de software especializado y a la mayor ductilidad que permite la publicación digital; en el más breve plazo, será también una revista bilingüe. Ars Medica se compromete a respetar y promover los estándares y normas científicas y éticas de las publicaciones científicas.

  6. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gráinne Conole

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This issue of ALT-J is dedicated to Professor David Squires, the previous editor of ALT-J, who died tragically in August 2001. A previous editorial of this journal paid tribute to David's work and provided a review of some of his research interests (Conole, 2001. The seven articles in this issue are from friends and colleagues who worked with David over the years. Some worked with David for only a relatively short time; others are lifelong friends. The authors represent internationally recognized experts in their field and come from all corners of the earth. This in itself is a testament to David's significant contribution to learning technology research. The authors have submitted papers which in some way align with David's own research work or report on joint work done by the authors in partnership with him.

  7. Nuclear power and nuclear weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vaughen, V.C.A.

    1983-01-01

    The proliferation of nuclear weapons and the expanded use of nuclear energy for the production of electricity and other peaceful uses are compared. The difference in technologies associated with nuclear weapons and nuclear power plants are described

  8. Nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-01-01

    Data concerning the existing nuclear power plants in the world are presented. The data was retrieved from the SIEN (Nuclear and Energetic Information System) data bank. The information are organized in table forms as follows: nuclear plants, its status and type; installed nuclear power plants by country; nuclear power plants under construction by country; planned nuclear power plants by country; cancelled nuclear power plants by country; shut-down nuclear power plants by country. (E.G.) [pt

  9. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available EDITORIAL Esta edição é publicada na semana das comemorações dos 105 anos do Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, as quais demarcam a presença nas principais regiões econômicas e o compromisso de contribuir com o desenvolvimento regional. Este processo está associado à expansão da Rede Federal de Educação Tecnológica no Brasil e, em particular, no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Parte deste editorial foi escrito no ambiente da floresta amazônica, nos espaços de difusão científica dos eventos I Mostra Técnica e Tecnológica do Instituto Federal do Amapá e da II Feira de Ciência e Engenharia do Estado do Amapá. Entre a floresta e o semiárido brasileiro transpira um ambiente complexo que necessita educação e colaboração científica. O plano de desenvolvimento institucional (PDI do IFRN para o período (2014-2019 está em fase de conclusão, com definições que tem implicações nas estratégias para a área editorial, a saber, elevação do número de artigos publicados em inglês, elevação do Qualis/CAPES e internacionalização. Esta política reforça a trajetória para se construir um futuro com os olhares para a sociedade globalizada. O periódico tem recebido artigos que retratam o desenvolvimento científico. Além disso, dilemas atuais do currículo, da inserção da juventude no mercado de trabalho, internacionalização e do tempo de formação, devem ser objeto de estudo para nortear e maximizar o potencial entre a formação e as demandas da sociedade. É claro, é preciso mencionar que o Brasil se encontra em período eleitoral e o desenvolvimento das áreas de ciência, tecnologia e inovação precisa de políticas de Estado perenes, que não estejam submetidas à alternância de governo. Nesta edição são publicados 43 artigos com temas de caráter multidisciplinares perpassando o meio ambiente, a mineração, a química, a energia, a agricultura, a informática, a gestão, as ciências sociais, o

  10. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindsay Glynn

    2006-06-01

    fortunate to have Pam Ryan, from the University of Alberta, as our Production Editor. In addition to the mammoth task of creating an open access, peer reviewed electronic journal, we also were faced with the tasks of familiarizing ourselves with new software and creating a visual appearance. Pam’s knowledge, ability and creativity, not to mention her endless patience with the rest of the editorial team, have resulted in the professional presence of EBLIP. Her work is not transparent to the readers, but paramount to the editorial team and the journal. Finally, I would like to draw attention to two teams that are essential to the success of EBLIP: the Evidence Summaries Team and the Editorial Advisors (peer reviewers. The diversity, specialization and professionalism of the teams’ membership allow us to explore all avenues of EBL and its practice and utility in all environments. Members from our teams range from journal editors to university professors to school and systems librarians. Their contributions, not only to EBLIP but also to the body of EBL knowledge, are substantial. As readers, I hope that you will find the information in EBLIP useful, interesting, provocative, and applicable to your work. I hope that you will be able to use the information we present to you to aid in your decision making regarding policies, collections, procedures, marketing, etc., and I particularly look forward to hearing how you may have used this information in your practice (whether it worked or not!.

  11. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Rossaro

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research (JEAR, formerly the Bollettino di Zoologia Agraria e di Bachicoltura of the Institute of Entomology of the University of Milan, was founded in 1928 by Remo Grandori (1928-1955. Prof. Grandori became the first Director of the journal, followed by his wife Luigia Grandori (1956-1957, Minos Martelli (1958-1985 and Luciano Süss (1986-2011. In 2012, the Editor, the Department of Agri-food Systems Protection (DiPSA - University of Milan, come to the decision to move from the paper version to the online open access version of JEAR, with the aim to reach all researchers in the field with a restyled editorial, and with Giuseppe Carlo Lozzia as Editor in Chief (2012-2014. Thanks to the contributions of prestigious scientists and young researchers from all over the world, the Journal published many papers, which were downloaded in numerous countries across the world. Recently, the new Editor, the Department of Food Environmental and Nutritional Sciences - University of Milan, named me as Editor-in-Chief and I happily accepted the invitation with the objective to give new energy to the JEAR through the publication of more and more research papers of recognized scientific quality. The Journal will maintain its actual structure with four subject areas steered by internationally recognized Section Editors, who are now supported by a new and larger Editorial Board. The JEAR publishes papers on systematics, geographical speciation and evolution, aquatic and terrestrial entomology, ecological system dynamics, phenology and modelling for integrated pest control, agricultural and stored product pests, urban veterinary and forensic entomology, plant insect interaction and ecosystems, biological control and agro-ecology, and all other subjects related to the four subject areas. I hope the journal will continue to receive the attention of the researchers, in particular our younger colleagues in whose hands is

  12. Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennicutt, Robert C., Jr.

    1999-07-01

    This issue marks the end of an era for The Astrophysical Journal and for astronomical publishing. Helmut Abt is retiring as Editor-in-Chief after serving for 28 years, a period that saw enormous growth in the Journal and its transformation to the forefront of electronic scientific publishing. In February the ApJ office celebrated the receipt of manuscript number 40,000 under Helmut's tenure, a milestone that testifies to his impact on all of our careers. Although the names at the top of the masthead are changing, the rest of the ApJ team remains nearly unchanged, so the editorial transition should be barely noticeable. Much of the editorial work of the Journal will continue to be performed by our capable staff of Scientific Editors. I am also very fortunate to inherit Helmut's outstanding support staff in Tucson, ably headed by Janice Sexton. Our publications staff in Chicago, led by Julie Steffen, and our electronic publications staff, led by Evan Owens, are unmatched in their dedication and energy, and I have already begun working with them on further improvements to the Journal. And Helmut Abt will continue to serve the Journal over the coming months, overseeing the manuscripts that are still under review and editing the special centennial issue that will appear at the end of this year. In the coming months we will introduce several new features, most of them initiated under Helmut Abt's leadership. These will include an upgraded ApJ homepage, web tools for authors and referees, updated documentation and author instructions, and an attractive new version of the on-line journal itself. Over the longer term we are developing plans for streamlining the publication timescale and for expanding our capabilities for publishing and archiving electronic data. However my overriding priority, always, will be to uphold the Journal's reputation for scientific accuracy, impact, and integrity. I close with a personal note of thanks to Helmut Abt for his patient tutoring over

  13. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renzo Ramírez Bacca

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available HiSTOReLo. Revista de Historia Regional y Local presenta su quinto número, con el cual ofrece distintas novedades orientadas a lograr un mayor dinamismo editorial y académico. La primera novedad se relaciona con la nueva composición del Comité Científico. Hemos invitado, con miras a lograr una mayor dinámica, hacia la internacionalización del proyecto, a prestigiosos profesores de Argentina, México, Brasil y los EE.UU. El propósito es redimensionar la red nacional de historiadores locales y regionales en una perspectiva latinoamericanista con énfasis en los estudios locales y regionales, que contribuyan a futuros estudios comparativos. Gratitud y bienvenida a todos los miembros del nuevo equipo editorial. La segunda novedad es la creciente virtualización de la revista, la cual se relaciona con diferentes y nuevos procesos de  indexación e indización en sistemas, redes y bases de datos bibliográficas de carácter global. Haber obtenido la Categoría C en Publindex-Colciencias (Colombia refleja la calidad académica del proyecto, y es un estímulo importante con miras a lograr un mayor impacto académico en el contexto internacional. Es necesario felicitar a todos nuestros colaboradores, –profesores, académicos, investigadores, estudiantes y becarios–, quienes han participado en calidad de lectores, autores y revisores en los distintos números de la revista. La tercera novedad se relaciona con el nuevo diseño y formato digital propuesto por Melissa Gaviria Henao, el cual representa una imagen moderna y dinámica en términos visuales, y es una contribución de la Oficina de Comunicaciones de la Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y Económicas de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, sede Medellín.

  14. Editorial

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    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2014-08-01

    • Simulação. As contribuições são majoritariamente do Brasil, no entanto entre elas estão duas da Turquia e uma da Colômbia. Esse grande quantitativo de artigos na área de tecnologia mineral deverá estimular uma maior periodicidade de contribuições dessa área, fazendo este periódico despontar como um dos interlocutores para a manutenção das discussões acadêmicas e tecnológicas nessa área. Dando continuidade à política institucional de difusão científica, este volume já conta com o Digital Object Identifier (DOI em todos os seus artigos, garantindo sua indexação na plataforma CrossRef - http://www.crossref.org/. No caso deste periódico, os DOI’s aparecem com o formato – DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15628/holos.2014.1841. Nem é preciso dizer que ações dessa natureza ajudam a consolidar o periódico, levando-o também a pleitear o acesso a novos indexadores. Também nesta edição passam a compor o conselho editorial os pesquisadores José Luis Silva Netto Junior (Economia, UFPB e Nelma Mirian Chagas de Araújo (Eng. de Produção, IFPB. E, ao longo do ano, outros pesquisadores devem se integrar a esse conselho, visando fortalecer a representação multidisciplinar que caracteriza este periódico. Neste ano de comemorações do Ano 30 e dos 10 Anos online de HOLOS, observamos, assim, a excelente trajetória da contribuição do Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Norte para a difusão científica. O êxito de um veículo Open Acess como a HOLOS, cuja qualidade e perenidade têm-se mantido em todo esse tempo, deve-se a valiosa colaboração dos autores, dos avaliadores e do conselho editorial, que vêm sustentando o desenvolvimento deste periódico. Em face dessa realidade, convido-os a compartilhar a alegria das comemorações com a leitura dos artigos aqui apresentados.   Prof. José Yvan Pereira Leite

  15. Editorial

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    Thaís Zerbini

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Como destacado no número anterior, a rPOT foi contemplada com mais um importante indexador: O DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals, diretório de revistas eletrônicas de acesso aberto, mantido pela Lund University Libraries na Suécia, o qual permite o acesso gratuito a revistas científicas e acadêmicas de qualidade. Continuando a política de aprimoramento do processo de editoração científica, a partir do número 3, a rPOT iniciará suas publicações no primeiro dia de cada trimestre. Neste número 2, em especial, iniciaremos com a publicação de um artigo no primeiro dia do trimestre, intitulado “Assédio moral no judiciário: Prevalência e repercussões na saúde dos trabalhadores” e, em algumas semanas, em função do processo de transição do cronograma de publicação, os demais artigos do número estarão disponíveis. Destaco e agradeço o trabalho dos Editores Associados, bem como de nossa Assistente Editorial. Desejamos a todos uma ótima leitura do presente artigo!

  16. Editorial

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    Bodin Loys

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA was honoured to welcome scientists from all over the world who attended the International Workshop on major Genes and QTL in Sheep and Goats. Approximately 100 participants from 16 countries were registered, contributing 52 oral or poster presentations. A first session was dedicated to the tools available for identifying and localising major genes or QTL in these two species. Molecular techniques, marker panels, radiation hybrids, genome physical maps, and BAC libraries were presented along with genetic, comparative and cytogenetic maps. A second and largest session concerned different traits for which major genes or QTL have been found, i.e., ovulation and other reproduction traits, milk and meat characters, and resistance to disease and wool production. For each group, a guest's paper focused on one sub-trait gave the state of the art: the history, identification and localisation of sources of monogenic and oligogenic variability, genetic determinism (dominance, imprinting, ..., effects on the phenotype, physiological mechanisms implied, use in populations, etc. The third session was devoted to the strategies for the use of major genes and QTL in populations, while the last session covered future prospects. A CD (available on request to bodin@toulouse.inra.fr of the full proceedings was available, and participants invited to give a main paper also had the opportunity to submit it for publication in this special issue of GSE. Nine articles were jointly selected by the Editorial Board of the journal and by the Guest Editor.

  17. Editorial

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    Editorial Board

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available We would like to inform our readers that Association of Basic Medical Sciences, beginning with this year, will publish Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences at least quarterly, depending of your submissions.As it is previously announced, the second opening lecture form of the International and Scientific Symposium about human embryo and its cloning held in Sarajevo, 15 February 2003 (“Scientific, ethical and religious dilemmas over the status of human embryo and its cloning” is published in this issue.In this issue, in concordance with the current world situation and after the suggestions of some of our distinguish colleagues, we decide to publish a review article on aetiology and epidemiology of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS -a new emerging disease.We kindly remind our readers to inform other colleagues and associates about the Association and our membership.All observation, suggestions, and proposals from our readers are more then welcome and will improve the quality of the Journal.We are inviting scientists from not only entire Bosnia and Herzegovina but internationally, to participate in next issues and hope that many of them will answer our invitation.Sarajevo, May, 2003Editorial Board

  18. Editorial

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    Selçuk NAS

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available We are pleased to introduce JEMS 5(3 to our valuable followers. There are valuable and endeavored studies in this issue of the journal. We hope that these studies will contribute to the maritime industry. I would like to announce with great pleasure that "PTST'17 Pilotage/Towage Services and Technologies Congress” will be held in İzmir on 27-28 October 2017. The congress is organized in cooperation with our chamber, “Turkish Chamber of Shipping”, “Turkish Maritime Pilots’ Association”, “Directorate General of Coastal Safety” and is supported by Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications. I would like to express my gratitude to authors who sent their valuable studies for this issue, to our reviewers, to our editorial board, to our section editors, to our foreign language editors who provide quality publications by following our publication policies diligently and also to layout editors who spent great efforts in the preparation of this issue.

  19. Editorial

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    Kamil Özerk

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Dear IEJEE reader, You are holding the third issue of volume one of International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education (IEJEE, one of the youngest and most exciting electronic journals focusing on the contemporary issues in elementary education. Approximately one tenth of today’s world population has one or another way relationship with elementary education. Different socio-cultural issues, tough economic challenges and changing policies around the world affect the educational conditions for elementary students. Different countries and geographic areas steady are facing different challenges with regard to their teaching-learning agendas. On the other hand we are observing a common global interest: All the central and local educational authorities want to create better teaching conditions for elementary teachers and better learning conditions for the elementary students. Another global interest is to have access to research-based knowledge which has high quality and at the same time is relevant. I believe that IEJEE is fulfilling an important mission with that regard. I owe many thanks to all the researchers who have made their contributions to the previous issues and this third issue of IEJEE. Publishing an international scientific journal is a demanding job. Without our editorial board memb

  20. Editorial

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    Gary J. Burkholder

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In 2016, Higher Learning Research Communication (HLRC celebrates its 6-year anniversary. The journal is a collaborative effort amongst Universidad Andrés Bello (Chile, Universidad Europea de Madrid (Spain, Istanbul Bilgi University (Turkey, and Walden University (United States. These four institutions started this journal to provide scholarly focus on international research in higher education, teaching and learning, education policy and practice, and internationalization.  It was important that the journal be open access, so that everyone could have immediate and unrestricted access to the latest research.  It was also important that the journal be multilingual; we have accepted manuscripts for review in Brazilian Portuguese, European Portuguese, Latin American Spanish, European Spanish, and English. The language capacity of the staff is truly amazing.   As I begin my first year as Chief Editor, I have had the time to reflect on the many accomplishments of HLRC. HLRC has published 88 essays, articles, lections, book reviews, and editorials. Several special issues have been published, including Accreditation (2012; Tourism, Hospitality and Leisure in a Globalized World (2012; Selected Papers from the International Conference on Teaching and Learning (2013; International Perspectives on Retention (2014; and English Medium Instruction (EMI and Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL (2015. We have been fortunate to have essays by scholars such as Drummond Bone, Internationalization (2011; Bill Plater, Quality Assurance (2013; Rogerio Meneghini, Scielo and Open Access Journals (2013; Watson Swail, A Different Viewpoint on Student Retention (2014; and Gonzalo Fernandez-Sanchez, María Olga Bernaldo, Ana Castillejo, and Ana María Manzanero, Education for Sustainable Development in Higher Education: State-of-the-art, Barriers, and Challenges (2014. I greatly appreciate the breadth of scholarship on the latest higher education practices and

  1. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available EDITORIAL Com este primeiro volume de 2014, a HOLOS entra no trigésimo ano de publicação deste periódico que teve sua primeira edição em 1985, ainda com o nome de Revista da ETFRN, tendo à frente da editoria a profª. Maria Emília Guedes Gonçalves. Este ano, a revista também completa dez anos do seu registro de ISSN na versão eletrônica. O periódico passou a ser online em 2004, durante a gestão do prof. Francisco das Chagas de Mariz Fernandes, então diretor-geral da antiga ETFRN, que nos autorizou a deslocar a editoria da HOLOS da Comunicação Social para a Diretoria de Pesquisa. Nesse contexto, as reais e virtuais oportunidades de elevação do impacto de visibilidade da publicação evidenciam o acerto da política editorial, refletida pelos números abaixo: o\tPeríodo da publicação online – 10 anos; o\tPeriocidade atual – bimestral; o\tVolumes publicados – 40; o\tArtigos publicados no período –615; o\tMédia de artigos publicados por volume – 15; o\tDownloads no período – 1.284.264. Com o objetivo de facilitar a divulgação dos artigos publicados, foi incorporado um plugin que possibilita efetuar links com as redes sociais, tais como, twitter, facebook, linkedin, entre outras 294 possibilidades. Esse novo serviço disponível na HOLOS ampliará o potencial de visibilidade e downloads, tendo em vista a facilidade de compartilhamento nas redes sociais. Da mesma forma, as novas possibilidades se colocam para os autores e leitores como atualização do contexto dos indicadores das publicações científicas. Assim, o periódico trabalha para disponibilizar um certificado de número de downloads aos autores com artigos publicados. Ainda como articulações desta editoria com eventos nas áreas de educação e engenharia, estão em processo de editoração edições especiais com artigos oriundos do II Colóquio Nacional A Produção do Conhecimento em Educação Profissional e do XXV Encontro Nacional de

  2. Nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    d'Easum, Lille.

    1976-03-01

    An environmentalist's criticism of nuclear energy is given, on a layman's level. Such subjects as conflict of interest in controlling bodies, low-level radiation, reactor safety, liability insurance, thermal pollution, economics, heavy water production, export of nuclear technology, and the history of the anti-nuclear movement are discussed in a sensationalistic tone. (E.C.B.)

  3. Editorial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Griffioen, J.; Wildenborg, T.

    2016-01-01

    This special issue of the Netherlands Journal of Geosciences is dedicated to geoscientific research related to geological disposal of nuclear waste. Geological disposal of nuclear waste is generally accepted as the optimum solution to the problem, though it has always been politically a hot potato.

  4. Editorial:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hershkowitz, Noah

    2006-02-01

    operation for a few years on other IOP titles, such as Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, and has been very popular with both authors and referees. Although the tools have changed, the ethos of the review process remains the same and my role as Editor-in-Chief still encompasses the referee selection and management of the peer review on individual articles, working closely with the PSST editorial team in Bristol. I continue to see all referee reports and articles and work closely with the PSST Editorial Board, who provide support and advice when called upon - many thanks to all the Board members for their input! We would welcome any feedback you have on the new system and we would like to thank you for your patience as the old system runs down. We look forward to working with you to achieve these aims and I would like to wish you all success in 2006.

  5. Editorial

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    Ana Cristina Fricke Matte

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este número da Revista texto Livre: Linguagem e Tecnologia, é um ótimo exemplo do escopo interdisciplinar de nossas publicações, visto que temos artigos de diferentes áreas do conhecimento. Na seção Educação e Tecnologia, Gonzalo Abio discute uma questão central no ensino a distância, que é o feedback das atividades realizadas pelos alunos no ambiente online de aprendizagem Moodle, no artigo "IMPORTANCIA DEL FEEDBACK AUTOMÁTICO COMO APOYO AL APRENDIZAJE EN EL MOODLE". Na seção Documentação em Software Livre, dois artigos tratam a questão por diferentes abordagens. Délia Ribeiro Leite aborda a documentação de um programa para análise acúistica da fala, no artigo "O USO DE SCRIPTS DO PRAAT NA ANÁLISE ACÚSTICA DA FALA E AS EXPLICAÇÕES SOBRE ESSA FERRAMENTA NO TUTORIAL DO PROGRAMA", enquanto os autores de "CERCEAMENTO OU ACESSIBILIDADE: UMA DISCUSSÃO SOBRE A DOCUMENTAÇÃO EM SOFTWARE LIVRE", Simone Garofalo e Gleidston Alis, optam pela discussão geral do tema da importância da documentação para a liberdade de software. Na seção Semiótica e Tecnologia, Siane Paula de Araújo trata de uma questão cada vez mais premente para as Artes em geral, que é o conceito de corpo frente às novas tecnologias, no artigo "LINGUAGEM, TECNOLOGIA E DANÇA: O “CORPOTECNOLÓGICO”". A seção Linguística e Tecnologia traz uma importante discussão terminológica envolvendo a cibercultura, desde a invenção da imprensa até a digitalização do texto. Trata-se do artigo "DELIMITACIÓN CONCEPTUAL DE LA UNIDAD TERMINOLÓGICA “NUEVOS MEDIOS” EN EL ÁMBITO DE LA CIBERCULTURA", que focaliza exatamente o conceito de "novos meios de comunicação", tão utilizado e com tantas acepções na atualidade. Finalmente, na seção Pensamenteando, o artigo "LIBERDADE EM DUAS PALAVRAS: CREATIVE COMMONS", desta que assina o presente editorial, discute o conceito de liberdade e seu uso indiscriminado, tendo como referência uma licen

  6. Editorial

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    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available EDITORIAL Em 2004 a HOLOS opta pela alteração do seu caminho e altera-o para aqueles onde seus artigos são publicados exclusivamente de forma eletrônica e disponibilizados nas nuvens – web. Esta estratégia objetivou ampliar a visibilidade do periódico e, consequentemente, dos artigos publicados. Este processo foi realizado utilizando plataforma de software livre, reduzindo custos e resultando na elevação de downloads e citações de artigos, entre outros. Neste percurso, o número de volumes publicados por ano avançou de forma sistemática, a saber, em 2004 foram publicados dois volumes, entre 2005 a 2008 foram três volumes, em 2009 foram 4 volumes, entre 2010 a 2011 foram quatro volumes e de 2012 aos dias atuais foram seis volumes. Assim, nestes dez anos do periódico online, em ambiente de pleno êxito de relações acadêmicas, foram publicados 46 volumes e 789 artigos. Agora, com caminhos abertos, o foco é consolidar a internacionalização do periódico. Assim, nas edições futuras teremos no mínimo 10% dos artigos em língua inglesa e o periódico estará cada vez mais integrado às ações políticas da Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos (ABEC. No volume seis de 2014 são apresentados 23 artigos que representam as áreas assim distribuídas: dois na área de empreendedorismo e inovação, três na área de tecnologia mineral e de petróleo, dois na área de tecnologia ambiental, três na área econômica, seis em educação; um de divulgação científica, um de filosofia, um de pedagogia e três de ensino. A diversidade dos artigos publicados reforçam o caráter interdisciplinar e sua internacionalização.  Neste contexto de crescimento acadêmico é por demais renovamos os agradecimentos aos autores, pela confiança neste periódico, aos avaliadores ad hoc pelo relevante trabalho e aos membros do conselho editorial pela manutenção dos caminhos editoriais nesta bela trajetória. O momento é de

  7. Editorial

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    Rodolfo Souza Cardoso

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available O corpo editorial da Revista Ciências em Saúde se sente muito feliz e honrado em completar o seu primeiro ciclo anual com a publicação do seu quarto número. Seguindo sua missão, esse volume traz artigos que abordam os mais variados temas da saúde como microbiologia, educação física, farmacologia, nutrição, tecnologia de alimentos e medicina clínica. Esta edição é composta por cinco (05 artigos originais, um (01 relato de caso e dois (02 artigos de revisão de literatura. Na Seção Especial, abordamos o importante tema do autocuidado praticado na velhice, apresentando o trabalho desenvolvido pela psicóloga Sônia Fuentes, com colaboração da antropóloga Elisabeth Mercadante, que entrevistou profissionais que estudam e/ou trabalham com questões relacionadas ao envelhecimento, ou seja, pessoas que trabalham nas mais diversas áreas: psicólogos, assistente social, antropólogo, cientista social, médicos geriatras, professor, diretor de instituição de idosos, jornalista e administrador, representando diferentes instituições de renome. Assim, esperamos da mesma forma que as edições anteriores, que a edição atual possa contribuir na educação continuada dos profissionais da saúde e fomentar o debate construtivo nessa área.

  8. EDITORIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This issue of the Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society was chosen by the members of the Presidency of the Society and of the Editorial Board from Serbia to mark the retirement of Dragutin M. Dražić as Editor-in-Chief of the Journal.Dragutin Dražić succeeded Slobodan V. Ribnikar, who was Editor-in-Chief for 10 years, among others in the 77-year old history of the Journal and who introduced many improvements in editing and editing policy, including editing in English since 1985.Dragutin Dražić was Editor-in Chief for more than 20 years. In addition to his immense impact as a scientist and university teacher to the field of Electrochemistry and Physical Chemistry and to the understanding of the importance of chemistry and of the natural science in general (see J. Serb. Chem Soc., 66 (2001 731, his great effort in the editing of the Journal resulted in its pivotal position in the world of scientific journals in Serbia. With no intention to repeat Dragutin Dražić’s great contribution to the development of contemporary chemical minds in the former Yugoslavia, and lately in Serbia (see J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 72 (2007 1, we simply say: THANK YOU! Saying this, we are aware that we express the gratitude of the chemistry community not only in Serbia, but also worldwide, where the name Dragutin Dražić is recognized.The papers in this issue were prepared by the authors from Serbia who aided Dragutin Dražić, JSCS Honorary Editor, in his editing efforts, by submitting theirs manuscripts, through sub-editing and revision of the submitted manuscripts, or some other way, to establish a journal with the reputation which Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society holds today on the international scene.

  9. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nylza Offir Garcia Vera

    2011-12-01

    magisterio y las comunidades académicas ocupadas de la investigación pedagógica y la formación docente.Asimismo, aunque el 2011 haya sido consagrado como el Año Internacional de la Afrodescendencia, esperamos que este número trascienda la eventua- lidad y contribuya para asignar su justo lugar a las afroeducaciones como un evento que ha permitido enriquecer nuestra experiencia pedagógica como nación, así muchas veces estos procesos hayan sido invisibles a los ojos del magisterio, la administración educativa y la propia academia.Un elemento final, pero no menos importante, co- rresponde a los agradecimientos para quienes, en ca- lidad de autores y evaluadores de los textos, hicieron posible este producto editorial que hoy presentamos a la comunidad académica del campo de la educación y la pedagogía en Colombia y en Latinoamerica. Los lectores encontrarán aquí a un significativo grupo de investigadores e investigadoras del país —José Antonio Caicedo, Luis Fernando Estrada, Elizabeth Castillo, Daniel Garcés, Maria Isabel Mena, David Ji- ménez, Jorge E. García, Sor Inés Larrahondo y Danilo Reyes Abonía— quienes desde su trabajo pedagógico e intelectual y desde sus diversos intereses, preguntas y problematizaciones sobre este tema, han producido los textos de reflexión, de investigación y de sistema- tización, reunidos en este número especial que hemos titulado “Afroeducaciones: historia, experiencias y pensamiento pedagógico”.El balance que presentamos en esta edición in- cluye además un estudio de los afroarge

  10. Editorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evers, B

    1993-10-01

    This editorial introduces an issue of a journal which contains articles on the themes of 1) macroeconomic policy and gender relations and 2) income generation projects and empowerment. The opening paper dispels the myth that economic policies are gender-neutral. Another article uses the effects of structural adjustment policies in the Caribbean to illustrate how such policies increase women's burdens because of cuts in social services and pressures on women to provide cheap labor to create export goods. A third article depicts the adverse consequences of a macroeconomic policy in India which favors exports over domestic production. This theme is developed in a paper which challenges the notion that export-oriented development strategies provide a "trickle down" benefit to the poor. Specific reversals in development advances in Tanzania are linked to the adjustment experience, and the policy of debt repayment at all costs in the Philippines is shown to have an adverse effect on the poor. Other papers from Albania, India, Tanzania, Chile, and Bangladesh highlight how market-oriented reforms have created conditions which are detrimental to women's health. Further research reveals that the touted "feminization of employment" has actually turned out to be a "feminization of unemployment" as gender discrimination in the labor market continues. Papers on income-generating projects spotlight what has been learned about developing a successful income-generation project which recognizes women's "reproductive labor" time demands. Other articles explore barriers faced by women to access to finance and entrepreneurship. By looking beyond economic jargon and false assumptions, the authors of these papers explore how gender relationships are shaped by economic policies and affect policy outcomes and how women are organizing to improve their lives and the health of their communities.

  11. Editorial

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    Comité Editorial Ingenio Magno

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Entregamos a la comunidad universitaria y académica el segundo número de la revista Ingenio Magno, una publicación que surge desde la División de Ingenierías y Arquitectura de la Universidad Santo Tomás, Seccional Tunja. Esta publicación permite a la comunidad de investigadores divulgar los resultados de sus trabajos y, además, someterlos a Ia valoración de la comunidad cientifica. La revista se constituye en un medio de divulgación para los investigadores de la Universidad Santo Tomás y. también, da participación y valora la vinculación de investigadores de otras universidades, tanto del ámbito nacional como del internacional. Los artículos que encontrarán en el presente número están relacionados con temáticas propias de la Ingenieria Civil. Como hidráulica y estructuras; de la Ingeniería de Sistemas. Como desarrollo de componentes de software y sistemas de información; y de la Ingeniería Electrónica, como la robótica. Ponemos en sus manos estos escritos y esperamos que la producción investigativa aqui contenida promueva y motive el diálogo y la discusión en las diferentes áreas de Ia ingeniería. cordialmente, COMITÉ EDITORIAL INGENIO MAGNO.

  12. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    admin admin

    2018-04-01

    publication in October 2018. Thank you for your interest in Journal of Early Childhood Studies. Editorial Board

  13. Editorial

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    Adilson Luiz Pinto

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Open Journal SystemsAjuda do sistemaUsuário Logado como:franfrida Meus periódicos Perfil Sair do sistemaIdiomaConteúdo da revista PesquisaProcurar Por Edição Por Autor Por título Outras revistasTamanho de fonteMake font size smaller Make font size default Make font size largerInformações Para leitores Para Autores Para BibliotecáriosEdição atual Logo AtomLogo RSS2Logo RSS1Palavras-chave Argentina Arquivologia Biblioteconomia Bibliotecário Brasil Ciência da Informação Ciência da informação Comunicação Científica Conhecimento Editorial Epistemologia Information Information Science Informação Librarian Library Science Objetos Virtuais de Aprendizagem Ontology Repositórios Acesso Aberto Semiotics SemióticaFerramentas de artigosImprimir artigoExibir metadadosComo citar este documentoEncontrando referênciasPolítica de AvaliaçãoEnviar artigo via e-mailE-mail ao autorItens relacionadosExibir todos Capa Sobre Página do usuário Pesquisa Atual Anteriores Notícias Resumos de teses UFSC Portal CIN DOAJ LATINDEX OAISTER Sumários.org REDALyC Estatísticas Portal de Periódicos UFSCCapa > v. 16, n. 32 (2011 > PintoEditorial 10.5007/1518-2924.2011v16n32piAdilson Luiz Pinto, Márcio MatiasResumoPrezados Leitores, É com muita satisfação que anunciamos a edição do volume 16, número 32 de 2011, agradecendo de maneira muito especial a colaboração de Rosângela Schwarz Rodrigues, Ursula Blattmann, Araci Isaltina de Andrade Hillesheim e Gleisy Regina Bories Fachin que, até então, eram as editoras da revista e que, com sua atuação, contribuíram decisivamente para o desenvolvimento e o êxito desta publicação. Os esforços somados de todos os profissionais envolvidos na elaboração deste periódico têm gerado qualidade de conteúdo e o consequente respeito conquistado junto à comunidade científica da área de ciência da informação. Podemos destacar entre os frutos que estamos agora colhendo: a edição de trabalhos

  14. EDITORIAL

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    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available EDITORIAL Este segundo volume da HOLOS é publicado em um momento dos mais difíceis em que passa a sociedade brasileira, fruto do processo de impedimento da presidente da república em tramitação no parlamento. Neste contexto, as políticas públicas na área de ciência e tecnologia, ora em curso, estão no limbo, e é preciso vigilância da comunidade acadêmica para a manutenção do ciclo de ouro vivido nos últimos anos e das garantias da estabilidade institucional e liberdades democráticas. No Google Scholar é observada uma tendência no aumento do índice h5 para 8 e mediana h5 para 3, o que mostra um importante crescimento do indicador em relação ao apresentado no ano passado (h5 = 5 e mediana h5 = 5. Este dado é preliminar, pois sua publicação será efetuada em julho de 2016. O periódico também passa a exigir dos autores o registro no Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID. Isto se deve à necessidade de termos um currículo com informações certificadas disponível na base de dados da HOLOS para facilitar o trabalho de editoria, extração de dados dos autores para repositórios, agências de fomento, entre outras aplicações. É importante informar que os principais periódicos do mundo condicionam os autores realizarem esse registro para a submissão de artigos, se configurando uma tendência da utilização deste registro para o pesquisador no mundo e suas instituições. Neste número são publicadas 33 contribuições, sendo que 29 do Brasil, uma de Cuba, duas da Espanha, uma de Portugal com cooperação com o Brasil e uma da Rússia. Observa-se que 15%  dos artigos publicados são oriundos do exterior. O fluxo de artigos provenientes do exterior observa uma elevação da intensidade de submissões neste último ano. Os esforços para ampliar o número de artigos em língua estrangeira são refletidos pelos 10 artigos, sendo oito em língua inglesa e duas em língua espanhola, os quais representam 30% dos artigos

  15. Editorial

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    José Yvan P. Leite

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available EDITORIAL Os 10 anos do periódico online e 30 anos da primeira publicação quando ainda era denominada de Revista da ETFRN fecham o ciclo de mais um ano com a publicação do Volume 5 da HOLOS. Nesta edição são incluídos dois novos membros do Conselho Editorial, as pesquisadoras Cláudia Ribeiro (IFRN, Ciências da Computação e Maria Ivonete Coelho (Universidade Estadual do Rio Grande do Norte, Serviço Social. Os convites refletem o ambiente colaborativo e fortalecem a cooperação entre as instituições. Neste ano, o periódico recebeu em torno de 85 mil visitantes, refletidos em 358 mil visualizações de páginas. Esses dados demostram a confiança do público leitor nas políticas editoriais da editoria. As estratégias de fortalecimento e internacionalização do periódico passam pela ampliação da visibilidade, sendo assim a disponibilização deste em eventos para publicação de best papers é um caminho a ser seguido. Neste contexto, a IV Jornada Iberoamericana de Recursos Humanos Y Responsabilidad Social Corporativa 2015 organizada pela Universidade da Coruña e a XXVI edição do Encontro Nacional de Tratamento de Minérios e Metalurgia Extrativa, organizado pela Universidade de Alfenas. Esta edição conta com 33 publicações, entre estas, nove são provenientes do I Simpósio Franco-Brasileiro, intitulado "Corpo, Educação e Cultura do Movimento", realizado em Outubro de 2014 na Faculdade de Educação da Universidade de Montpellier/França. Esta ação foi articulada pelos pesquisadores Avelino Neto (IFRN, Jacques Gleyse (Universidade de Montpellier e Petrúcia Nóbrega (UFRN. Entre os artigos oriundos deste evento, mencionamos o artigo dos pesquisador frances Bernard Andrieu (Universidade de Rouen que abrilhanta esta edição. Os demais artigos retratam a interdisciplinaridade do periódico, ao tratarem de temas da educação, do meio ambiente, da ciência da computação, das engenharias e da inovação. Tamb

  16. Editorial

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    Nylza Offir Garcia

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Sin lugar a dudas, las revistas académicas se corresponden, la mayoría de las veces, con el prestigio, la legitimidad y el posicionamiento de las instituciones educativas de nivel superior; en ellas se reflejan la tradición y la transformación académica, científica e investigativa. Permiten, de igual modo, hacer tangible y resguardar en la memoria de lo impreso el ethos de la Universidad: la consolidación de comunidades académicas y la producción de conocimiento. Sin embargo, para la concreción de este propósito, múltiples tareas han de llevar a cabo quienes trajinan detrás de este tipo de publicaciones: la construcción de una política editorial, la consecución y la recepción de artículos, el sostenimiento de una comunidad de pares o árbitros para la evaluación, la coordinación de procesos como la revisión de estilo, la diagramación y la impresión, el logro de su periodicidad... Aunado a esto, se encuentra la exigencia de cumplimiento con los cánones de los sistemas de clasificación, citación e indexación que hoy en día “legitiman” a las revistas en su labor de difusión del conocimiento académico. Frente a estas tareas, los problemas no se hacen esperar. Uno de ellos se relaciona precisamente con el tipo de exigencias para clasificar o mantener la publicación en el índex, léase los criterios de calidad otorgados en los sistemas creados para tal fin. En Colombia, se reconoce el Publíndex (Sistema Nacional de Indexación de Publicaciones Especializadas de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación, CT+I, y el Índice Bibliográfico Nacional como el sistema más importante en tal sentido. Las características, los criterios y los requisitos básicos para que una publicación sea considerada en este índex se establecen desde allí y se definen principalmente por la calidad científica, la calidad editorial, la estabilidad (tradición y periodicidad y la visibilidad y el reconocimiento nacional e internacional de la

  17. EDITORIAL

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    Gusti Ayu Made Suartika

    2014-07-01

    -Space, we hope to generate a dynamic and interesting vision of the built environment that stands in contrast to journals whose subject matter is contained within a narrow vision of architecture and planning as constraining determinants of social space. While it is our intention to make space available on a continuing basis to a diversity of submissions, as is now the norm we intend to publish occasional ‘themed’ issues that cover particular subjects in significant depth, for example in kampung development, space in traditional societies, the impact of globalisation on local cultures and development control. Additionally, since this journal is being produced by the Masters Program in Architecture at Udayana University in Bali, it is also our intention to use it as a forum for the diversity of problems that now inundate Balinese society, specifically those that affect development and culture as a whole. In the forefront of this debate lies the nemesis of tourism. Its impacts are ubiquitous and variously interpreted on the one hand as destructive of environment and culture yet on the other as a making a massive contribution to the local economy. While Bali’s problems are not original, the island paradise offers a singular laboratory where the conflicts brought by tourism can be studied in significant depth. It is also our intention to generalise our content, not only in subject matter but also in the form in which it is presented. In future issues we will also welcome three other types of submission. First, book reviews (up to 1000 words. Second, viewpoints which provide a new insight or critique of a theory, method, subject matter etc that the author feels is being ignored or is otherwise misinterpreted (1000-2000 words. Third, review articles which not only review a particular book, but cover its history, influences, similar texts and a theoretical critique of content (approx 2-3000 words. We also take this opportunity to welcome our editorial board members, whom we

  18. Editorial

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    Maria Lúcia Ribeiro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this editorial the journal Uniara, we're bringing some reflections on the issues involved in the consolidation of a multidisciplinary character of publication. As discussed earlier, the creation of a multidisciplinary magazine of the University Center of Araraquara intended, in that context, encourage the dissemination of research results and extension produced by its faculty and students. The very transformations and academic evolution of the institution demanded and were reflected in the changes implemented in magazine publishing in form, content, criteria adopted for publication and visibility, enabling an improvement in the scientific quality of the journal. In this process, the journal maintained its multidisciplinary nature, which required the development of a peer database of different areas of expertise to meet the specificities of the articles submitted. The organization of this select group depends not only on knowledge to academic evaluation of manuscripts, such as commitment, always voluntary, the referees with the rules and dates indicated by the editors. This difficulty is being overcome little by little, being necessary to point out what is the contribution of these researchers that has been promoting the development of the quality of this journal. An analysis of articles published in four numbers after the magazine's restructuring process, using as criteria the six areas of categories, namely, communication, rural communities, law, education, business, environment and health, shows a predominance of the theme environment , investigated in several respects, followed by education and health. The diversity of research in the environmental area has shown and reaffirming that the studies on this topic can and are being approached from an interdisciplinary point of view, and are already reflected in environmental preservation actions. This same multi-interdisciplinary approach will be the basis for discussions during the UN

  19. Editorial

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    Isabelle Halleux

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available  This fall issue of 2012 is rich in new developments in IT. Thus, it is a real pleasure for a geologist to write the editorial of a number of Acta Universitaria beginning with a research in Petrography. In Petrografía y distribución de óxidos de Fe, Al y Si en fragipanes blancos de origen volcanico, Otilio Acevedo-Sandoval and contributors present very interesting results about the analysis of the distribution of iron, alumi­nium and silicon in three white soil profiles of hardened volcanic horizons (know as “fragipanes” in the NW of the State of Mexico.The following two articles show the performance of Compute Unified Device Ar­chitecture using GPUs (Graphics Processing Units as compared to CPU, applied to a large set of biological data. In Autómata Celular Estocástico paralelizado por GPU aplicado a la simulación de enfermedades infecciosas en grandes poblaciones, Hector Cuesta-Arvizu and co-workers explain how GPU parallelized software helps in simulating large-scale infection disease events with Stochastic Cellular Automata (SCA. On the other hand, Eduardo Romero-Vivas and contributors, in their article Implementación en GPU del Estadístico t para análisis de expresión genética en microarreglos, propose the use of t-paired parametric analysis with GPU implemen­tation for evaluating the gene expression levels for microarray hybridization.The paper of Emmanuel Ortiz-Lopez and contributors (Control de acceso usando FPGA y RFID presents the design and implementation of an access control system using Radio frequency Identification (RFID controlled by a field Programmable Gate Array. This system allows supervising, managing and reporting access or movement of individuals or equipment. Beside the control, it can help in avoiding large number of human errors.Finally, the study of Alejandro Tzompantzi Sanchez and co-workers, named Alterna­tivas de control para la secuencia de destilación térmicamente acoplada Petlyuk, shows that

  20. Editorial

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    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Editorial O quinto volume da Revista HOLOS de 2010 é reservado à publicação dos melhores trabalhos apresentados no VII Congresso de Iniciação Científica do Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (IFRN. O evento foi realizado no Campus Mossoró do IFRN e integrava as comemorações dos 15 anos de sua criação. Aquele momento também marcou a interiorização do CONGIC, pois foi a primeira vez que se realizou no interior do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Neste ano foram apresentados 208 trabalhos científicos com contribuições dos programas institucionais de iniciação científica financiados pelo CNPq (PIBIC e PIBITI e CAPES (PIBID, dentre outros. O processo de definição dos melhores artigos publicados nesta edição foi realizado por uma comissão científica que realizou julgamento dos trabalhos apresentados, observando sua qualidade técnica e científica. O evento também contou com uma Mostra Tecnológica de Trabalhos, bem como foi oferecido um Curso de Introdução à Propriedade Intelectual aos estudantes da Instituição. Os artigos aqui apresentados representam o exercício da formação de recursos humanos em nível de iniciação científica no IFRN pelos seus grupos de pesquisas organizados nos seus vários campi. As contribuições mostram conteúdos associados aos focos tecnológicos dos campi, a saber, agroecologia, alimentos, comércio, construção civil, educação, geologia e mineração, indústria, informática, meio ambiente e petróleo. Aproveitamos para parabenizar os autores e agradecer a comissão de avaliação dos artigos do VII CONGIC – IFRN. Convido-os à leitura! Os Editores Prof. José Yvan Pereira Leite e Prof. André Luis Calado de Araújo

  1. Editorial

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    The Editors

    2011-06-01

    Under the auspices of these four universities we are proud to pioneer a collaborative and inclusive endeavor that goes well beyond the institutions and expands across continents.  The Senior Consulting Editors and members of the Editorial Advisory Board have been carefully selected for their dedication and experience in the areas of education and higher learning.  HLRC also benefits from the Laureate International Universities’ network of over 55 institutions in 28 countries, leveraging the internationality and expertise of academic leaders across the globe.  We are very proud and thankful for their participation and commitment to this enterprise.  As a scientific, peer-reviewed journal, HLRC aims to advance knowledge on all aspects concerning teaching and learning in higher education by fostering collaboration between innovative minds.  We believe this inaugural issue presents examples of good practice in international higher learning and offers forward thinking in educational leadership for a global world. As an introduction, on the invited essay, Sir Drummond Bone provides an overview of internationalization since 2008 to the present.  Other articles included on this issue illustrate our mission to provide a better understanding of institutional policy and actual practice across education disciplines. Velasco Quintana and Benito Capa (Universidad Europea de Madrid, Spain explore the role of peer-mentorship in the development of competences for both mentors and mentees, presented in the context of Mathematics.  Morales (Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland introduces a case study of corporate finance students to investigate the use of clickers as a tool to support, encourage and motivate critical thinking in higher education students.  Bemposta Rosende, García García and Escribano Otero (Universidad Europea de Madrid, Spain examine blended-learning to identify how the new teaching environments influence teaching activities and learning processes

  2. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    The Editors

    2011-06-01

    Under the auspices of these four universities we are proud to pioneer a collaborative and inclusive endeavor that goes well beyond the institutions and expands across continents.  The Senior Consulting Editors and members of the Editorial Advisory Board have been carefully selected for their dedication and experience in the areas of education and higher learning.  HLRC also benefits from the Laureate International Universities’ network of over 55 institutions in 28 countries, leveraging the internationality and expertise of academic leaders across the globe.  We are very proud and thankful for their participation and commitment to this enterprise.  As a scientific, peer-reviewed journal, HLRC aims to advance knowledge on all aspects concerning teaching and learning in higher education by fostering collaboration between innovative minds.  We believe this inaugural issue presents examples of good practice in international higher learning and offers forward thinking in educational leadership for a global world. As an introduction, on the invited essay, Sir Drummond Bone provides an overview of internationalization since 2008 to the present.  Other articles included on this issue illustrate our mission to provide a better understanding of institutional policy and actual practice across education disciplines. Velasco Quintana and Benito Capa (Universidad Europea de Madrid, Spain explore the role of peer-mentorship in the development of competences for both mentors and mentees, presented in the context of Mathematics.  Morales (Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland introduces a case study of corporate finance students to investigate the use of clickers as a tool to support, encourage and motivate critical thinking in higher education students.  Bemposta Rosende, García García and Escribano Otero (Universidad Europea de Madrid, Spain examine blended-learning to identify how the new teaching environments influence teaching activities and learning processes

  3. Editorial

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    Rodolfo Souza Cardoso

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A Revista Ciências em Saúde, nesta última edição de 2013, está felizmente celebrando mais um ano de convívio com vocês, caros leitores, na expectativa de durante essa jornada ter propiciado boas e fecundas leituras, no que diz respeito a sistematizar e disponibilizar trabalhos científicos com diversos enfoques sobre a área da saúde. Temos o prazer de comunicar nossa indexação no Sistema Diadorim, pertencente ao conjunto de serviços de acesso aberto do Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia, inserindo a RCS no elenco das revistas de teor científico que são divulgadas nacionalmente com a chancela do Ministério de Educação. Gostaríamos de compartilhar esta vitória, pois a mesma seria utópica sem o apoio de nossos leitores e a disponibilidade dos pesquisadores brasileiros com a contribuição sistemática de suas produções na área. Portanto, a estes dois segmentos, nosso muito obrigado! Este número está bastante diversificado, com trabalhos abordando os seguintes aspectos: uso de anabolizantes na adolescência; doença hepática gordurosa não alcóolica, diferenças de aproveitamento escolar entre sexos na adolescência; os sentimentos dos médicos ao informar o óbito aos familiares, e outros temas bastante relevantes como, Síndrome de Erasmus associada à policondrite; relação entre ácido úrico sérico e capacidade antioxidante em hipertensos, entre outros. Na seção especial, uma importante reflexão filosófica sobre cuidados paliativos, elaborada pela Doutora em Filosofia e Pós-doutora em Psicologia Social (USP, a psicóloga Maria Vilela Pinto Nakasu. O Conselho Editorial da RCS deseja a todos um 2014 cheio de realizações, saúde e paz, e reitera o compromisso e satisfação em continuarmos juntos no ano que se inicia, estabelecendo um fértil diálogo entre as produções científicas da área e o inestimável apoio de cada leitor.

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    Revista Videre

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A Revista Videre é um periódico editado semestralmente pelo programa de mestrado em Fronteiras e Direitos Humanos da Faculdade de Direito e Relações Internacionais da Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados na cidade de Dourados, Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, com e-ISSN: 2177-7837 e qualificada na Comissão Qualis Capes Direito com estratificação B1. O Conselho Editorial da revista, pautado no significado da palavra videre – ver, olhar e considerar –, tem por objetivo publicizar de forma democrática e gratuita as muitas visões, olhares e considerações nas áreas das ciências aplicadas e humanas, envolvendo cientistas nacionais e internacionais. O símbolo da revista, a mulher indígena, foi desenhada pelo grafiteiro Amarelo e encontra-se estampada nos muros do CEUD – UFGD. Representa as questões de gênero e étnica, o multiculturalismo, epistemologia, Direitos Humanos, democracia e teoria do reconhecimento, temáticas de difíceis inserções na realidade regional nacional. Temas enfrentados na tessitura das letras que constroem a revista. Os autores e autoras buscam, por meio da interdisciplinaridade das visões, olhares e considerações teorizar a realidade social com seus estudos científicos na página eletrônica da Revista Videre. A Revista Videre, para além da contribuição com a propagação das pesquisas científicas, serve de ponte entre as graduações e os programas stricto sensu. Desta maneira, abrange temas interdisciplinares, que tratam de assuntos relativos às áreas: Estado e Espaços Jurídicos; Cidadania, Justiça e Reconhecimento; Sistemas Políticos, Democracia, Desenvolvimento e Direitos Humanos; Estudos Internacionais, Multitemáticos e Direito; Gênero, Raça e etnia; Estudos Fronteiriços; Educação, pobreza e desigualdade social; América Latina e seus desafios contemporâneos.

  5. Editorial

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR OKE

    With exploding population and limited resources, bottle necking of energy and natural ... and efficiently to achieve the goal of sustainable energy and development. ... Electric power utilities are trying to provide intelligent and smart solutions with ... energy sources; bidding strategies of participants; power system planning ...

  6. Editorial

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    Daniervelin Renata Marques Pereira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Editorial para Revista Texto Livre, volume 5, número 2, 2012   Este volume 5, número 2, da Revista Texto Livre: Linguagem e Tecnologia reúne 11 artigos em torno dos eixos Educação e Tecnologia e Produção Textual e Tecnologia. Diversificada em seus olhares, esta edição traz importantes contribuições sobre formação de professores, ferramentas digitais para ensino de línguas, especificidades do hipertexto e outros estudos que contemplam as influências do ciberespaço nas práticas educativas. Abrindo o número, Gerson Bruno Forgiarini de Quadros foca em seu artigo “Aprendendo idiomas em ambientes virtuais na internet” a aprendizagem de língua espanhola em uma comunidade virtual do Livemocha. Em “Formación docente y la aplicación de nuevas tecnologías en la enseñanza de e/le en las escuelas técnicas”, Jorgelina Tallei e Iandra María Weirich Silva Coelho procuram refletir sobre o lugar do professor e do aluno em cursos específicos também para o ensino de língua espanhola pelas novas tecnologias. Angélica Ilha Gonçalves, em “Aprendizagem de língua espanhola na EaD: qual a importância do trabalho do tutor a distância?”, discute e descreve características que um professor tutor para tornar a prática de ensino-aprendizagem de línguas mais eficiente. Ainda nesse eixo temático, Fátima Faya Cerqueiro mostra um bom exemplo de ferramenta digital para ensino de línguas no texto “La producción oral en lenguas extranjeras más allá del aula con el foro de voz VOXOPOP”. Patrícia Margarida Farias Coelho enfatiza em “Os nativos digitais e as novas competências tecnológicas” o uso dos aplicativos e games educativos e a necessidade de adequação das escolas para atender o novo perfil de seu público. Carlos Henrique Silva de Castro dá exemplos e aborda criticamente a criação de comunidades interativas em “Construindo cursos on-line interativos: considerações de design instrucional”. No artigo

  7. Editorial

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    Ricardo Chinchilla Arley

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Estimado lector: Población y Salud en Mesoamérica (PSM tiene el agradado de ofrecerle un nuevo número, con artículos de gran valor científico y académico que, estamos seguros, les serán de gran utilidad. Pero además de esto, este número tiene un significado muy especial: nuestra revista cumple 10 años de existir. Hace aproximadamente 12 años surgió en el seno del Centro Centroamericano de Población la inquietud de ofrecer un espacio para dar a conocer los estudios poblacionales de nuestra región de una manera diferente. Queríamos crear una iniciativa más dinámica, que implicara una mayor rapidez en la gestión editorial, menores costos y un contacto más directo con los autores. Optamos entonces por una opción que apenas iniciaba sus primeros pasos en la Universidad de Costa Rica: la publicación electrónica. De hecho, la nuestra fue una de las primeras revistas electrónicas oficiales de esta noble institución académica. Se tuvo que librar una batalla para lograr romper con los esquemas tradicionales, en los cuales solamente la publicación impresa tenía validez, mientras que las electrónicas se tomaban como de baja calidad. Ha sido un camino largo de evolución, formación, aprendizaje y hoy por hoy se ha demostrado la solidez y seriedad de nuestra revista.PSM ha publicado hasta el día de hoy (116 al 10-1 documentos entre artículos científicos, ensayos, informes técnicos, revisiones bibliográficas y documentos históricos. Ha contado con la colaboración de autores de 17 países de América y Europa y se encuentra indexada en 20 índices internacionales de gran prestigio, entre los que se destacan HAPI, DOAJ, Sherpa/Romeo, REDALyC, Latindex y Dialnet. Además, este año ingresará a Scielo. En lo personal también representa un número especial, ya que después de este arduo camino al frente de ésta ahora gran iniciativa, me retiro como editor para dar espacio a una nueva generación. He estado con este proyecto

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    Jesús Alberto Andrade

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available En Enl@ce estamos de pláceme. Hemos sido evaluados por el Fondo Nacional de Ciencia,Tecnología e Innovación (FONACIT, adscrito al Ministerio del Poder Popular para Ciencia y Tecnología,y los resultados han sido positivos. De un total de 126 revistas científicas venezolanas, quese sometieron para la acreditación ante el registro de publicaciones, Enl@ce fue meritoria de reconocimiento,al cumplir con los requisitos exigidos.El FONACIT cataloga y jerarquiza las revistas académicas que voluntariamente se postulanpara su evaluación y registro, en relación con indicadores que incluyen el esfuerzo editorial,calidadde los contenidos, visibilidad, pertinencia científica y social, rigurosidad, nivel de análisis y otros criteriosque forman parte de los requisitos que se exigen para valorar y calificar como meritorias a lasrevistas. Los resultados muestran el esfuerzo editorial y su posicionamiento en la jerarquizacióndelas ocho áreas del saber científico, humanístico, social y tecnológico del país. De acuerdo a la entidadevaluadora, Enl@ce ocupó la posición número 11 del área de las CIENCIAS SOCIALES y la posiciónnúmero 33 del conjunto total de las revistas.Este resultado, del cual nos sentimos orgullosos y comprometidos para realizar un mayor esfuerzode difusión, responde al artículo 110 de la Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela(CRBV que establece que: “El Estado reconocerá el interés público de la ciencia, la tecnología,el conocimiento, la innovación y sus aplicaciones y los servicios de información necesarios por serinstrumentos fundamentales para el desarrollo económico, social y político del país, así como parala seguridad y soberanía nacional…”.Los resultados de la evaluación de mérito de las publicaciones periódicas científicas venezolanas,que se postularon y que fueron publicados el día 6 de junio de este año en la dirección: http://www.fonacit.gob.ve/programas.asp?id=35, pueden

  9. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Matias

    2012-01-01

    Garcia Rosa. Além disto, esta edição também apresenta trabalhos sobre diversos aspectos ligados à comunicação científica, tais como qualidade, visibilidade, indicadores de gestão de fluxo editorial, curadoria digital, repositórios e preservação digital, que são listados a seguir: Metadados de qualidade e visibilidade na comunicação científica, de Silvia Maria Puentes Bentancourt e Rafael Port da Rocha; Indicadores de gestão do fluxo editorial dos periódicos científicos: uma reflexão teórico-metodológica, deElisabete Werlang, Daniela Spudeit e Nadi Helena Presser; O impacto da curadoria digital dos dados de pesquisa na Comunicação Científica de Luana Farias Sales e Luís Fernando Sayão; Análise da dinâmica de evolução das revistas científicas e bibliotecas digitais de teses e dissertações em acesso livre na área de Ciências da Comunicação: o caso do repositório Univerciencia.org, deDalton Lopes Martins e Sueli Mara Soares Pinto Ferreira; Acesso livre via repositórios: politicas de instituições brasileiras, de Tania Chalhub , Alegria Benchimol e Claudia Guerra; O papel das bibliotecas universitárias na comunicação científica: um estudo sobre os repositórios institucionais, de Patrícia dos Santos Caldas Marra; Acesso Livre à Informação Científica em Países em Desenvolvimento: o caso dos Repositórios “Saber” (Moçambique e Digital da UFMG (Brasil, de Ranito Zambo Waete, Maria Aparecida Moura, e Manuel Valente Mangue; SEER e PDF/A na preservação de revistas científicas: relato de experiência, de Ana Paula Araújo Cabral da Silva; Ontologia de dependência tecnológica de documentos digitais: Instrumento de Apoio à Preservação Digital, de Eloi Juniti Yamaoka e Fernando Ostuni Gauthier. Vale também destacar a nossa bela capa gentilmente elaborada pelo professor Adilson Luiz Pinto. Ótima leitura! Márcio Matias e Moisés Lima Dutra Editores – Edição Especial – 3º SBCC – Perspectivas em Acesso Aberto

  10. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher W Anderson

    2013-10-01

    Institute of Geochemistry of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (China. The Centre has a clear objective: to ‘translate research outcomes into practices that will lead to the proper management of degraded and mining lands through working closely with communities, government, industry and NGOs.’ The Centre is working on the subject of artisanal and small-scale mining as a key focus area. Artisanal gold mining on the Indonesian islands of Lombok and Sumbawa is today releasing mercury and cyanide into the environment. The discharge of contaminants and associated land degradation is affecting human health and food safety. To support the Centre’s work, IRC-MEDMIND has created the Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, and it is my pleasure to write this first editorial for the journal. The first issue is a collection of eight papers presented during the 1st International Conference on Environmental, Socio-economic, and Health Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining which was held in Malang during February 2012. These eight papers have been authored by leading scientists from South-East Asia and Australasia, and describe new initiatives in the management of degraded and mining lands. On behalf of the Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management I thank you for reading this first journal issue of Volume 1. The editorial board invites you to support this journal and signals its intention to aspire to high standards of scientific and written excellence. As a result of the generous support of the University of Brawijaya, the Journal will have no page charges. The Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management therefore represents a new mechanism to present relevant, high quality and peer reviewed science and commentary to the international community. Christopher Anderson Associate-Editor, Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management Senior Lecturer, Institute of Agriculture and Environment, Massey University, New Zealand Adjunct Professor, Institute of

  11. Nuclear power economic database

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ding Xiaoming; Li Lin; Zhao Shiping

    1996-01-01

    Nuclear power economic database (NPEDB), based on ORACLE V6.0, consists of three parts, i.e., economic data base of nuclear power station, economic data base of nuclear fuel cycle and economic database of nuclear power planning and nuclear environment. Economic database of nuclear power station includes data of general economics, technique, capital cost and benefit, etc. Economic database of nuclear fuel cycle includes data of technique and nuclear fuel price. Economic database of nuclear power planning and nuclear environment includes data of energy history, forecast, energy balance, electric power and energy facilities

  12. Nuclear power in Asia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hagen, Ronald E.

    1998-08-01

    Contains Executive Summary and Chapters on: Nuclear Energy in the Asian context; Types of nuclear power reactors used in Asia; A survey of nuclear power by country; The economics of nuclear power; Fuels, fuel cycles and reprocessing; Environmental issues and waste disposal; The weapons issues and nuclear power; Conclusions. (Author)

  13. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Winters

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Issue 9 opened in November 2000 with a 'special section' consisting of 7 articles on Near Eastern Petrology edited by Louise Joyner from the British Museum (described in more detail in her editorial. Rather than the restricted number of black and white images commonly found in more traditional publications, all 7 articles include full colour petrographic images of pottery from around the Eastern Mediterranean, demonstrating the opportunity offered in this medium for archaeologists to portray their data in more detail and much more effectively than can usually be done in print. One article also made use of QuickTime rotating images, illustrating the optical effects of rotation of thin sections on the microscope stage, vitually allowing us to step into the shoes of the specialist. The issue continued into December with the publication of excavations of the Roman site at Brough-on-Humber. This article was commissioned by York Archaeological Trust and prepared by Internet Archaeology to explore the electronic publication of archaeological excavation reports. The complete report is published alongside the context dataset, the pottery dataset and the 'small finds' catalogue. Comments on the balance that has been struck between the needs of the general reader and the specialist in this case are especially welcome, but hopefully will not eclipse the importance of the site in light of its conclusions about the status of the Roman town and the discovery of a hitherto unrecognised pottery industry in the region. As all of the articles in this issue witness, modern excavation and fieldwork survey inevitably creates large quantities of computer-generated information, either during fieldwork or in the assessment, analysis or dissemination stages of any project. Depending on the nature of the research, but mirroring traditional practice, archaeological data can go straight into a digital archive (for those who want access to the raw data, like specialists or

  14. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Fricke Matte

    2010-06-01

    TICAS DE CALL NO MEIO VIRTUAL DO SÉCULO XXI", cujo foco é o ensino de línguas estrangeiras na Internet e a evolução de suas práticas. Agradeço à Comissão Editorial, aos autores e às Equipes de Formatação e Revisão pelo esforço, sem o qual teria sido impossível este lançamento! Desejo a todos uma ótima leitura! Ana Cristina Fricke Matte Editora da REvista Texto Livre

  15. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Alberto Andrade

    2011-09-01

    posibles tendencias de futuro. De ello, hay múltiples testimoniosque se han publicado en estos ocho años de existencia. Nuestro concepto editorial va másallá de lo técnico para abrir espacios al pensamiento crítico, no sólo de lo ideológico con respecto ala tecnología digital, sino con respecto a los aspectos sociales y culturales de la sociedad red.

  16. EDITORIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Este volume é publicado no início de maio, em meio a uma paralização pela redução da jornada de trabalho no Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Neste contexto de aprendizado, em que o Periódico deve pensar para além do presente, a editoria encontra uma janela para, de forma permanente, disponibilizar esta edição para a comunidade. O esforço para ampliar a presença do Periódico no país e no exterior é apresentado através das figuras 1 e 2, que mostram as origens dos artigos por região e por estado, que ora publicamos.   Figuras disponíveis no arquivo em pdf.   Observa-se nas figuras acima que os artigos estão disseminados em doze estados brasileiros e um na França, destacando-se a região nordeste, que concentra 50% dos artigos e os estados do Rio Grande do Norte e do Rio Grande do Sul, respectivamente com 31% e 22% da origem dos artigos publicados. Este segundo volume disponibiliza vinte e quatro artigos, sendo dez na área de engenharias, oito na área de educação, três na área de administração, um na área de saúde pública, um na área de zootecnia e um na área de cultura. É importante destacar que esses artigos foram produzidos por vinte instituições, entre elas, institutos federais, empresa de pesquisa, universidades federais, estaduais, católicas, privadas e uma universidade francesa. Essa diversidade demostra o caráter plural da origem autoral, fator de sustentabilidade científica para o periódico e que representam forte relação interdisciplinar. Informo à comunidade e ao mesmo tempo desejo as boas-vindas à professora María Dolores Sánchez-Fernández da Universidade da Coruña (Espanha que passa a integrar o conselho editorial e terá a missão de ampliar a visibilidade da HOLOS em solo ibérico. Nestes tempos de turbulência político-econômica, a escolha pela integralidade da publicação online em 2004 e a migração para plataforma de software livre são elementos sustentáveis para a

  17. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Editorial Em 2011, a Revista HOLOS completa sete anos de sua transformação em periódico eletrônico, sob nossa editoria. Nesse período, foram 303 artigos publicados com uma evolução contínua do número de edições por ano, chegando este ano ao número de seis edições anuais. No final do ano passado, incluímos uma ferramenta para acompanhamento dos locais de acesso dos IPs, de sorte que, para nossa surpresa, se identificou um elevado número de acessos advindos do exterior, da ordem de 8% nos primeiros três meses da implantação do sistema. Associado a esses números, verificou-se ainda que, entre 2004 e 2010, os artigos publicados foram acessados 427 mil vezes, o que demonstra a consolidação do periódico como fonte de pesquisa. Assim, é com satisfação que apresentamos à comunidade acadêmica este primeiro volume da Revista HOLOS de 2011, composto de 15 artigos especialmente selecionados. O artigo que abre esta edição traz uma discussão sobre as dimensões estratégicas organizacionais dos Institutos Federais, com ênfase no desenvolvimento institucional. Os quatros artigos seguintes situam-se no campo das diversas engenharias, os quais, cada um por sua vez, abordam tratamento de efluentes utilizando bioreator, processamento de mamão com antioxidantes, cinética de feijão e dimensionamento de biodigestor. Na área ambiental, são apresentados três artigos que tratam, respectivamente, de recursos hídricos no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, de debilidades de RCA na área de petróleo e da pegada de carbono. Na área de informática, tem-se um artigo sobre templete mathing como técnica computacional aplicada ao monitoramento de áreas supervisionadas. Constam também três trabalhos na área de educação: o primeiro discorre sobre o ensino de física e os livros didáticos na área de acústica; o segundo discute a história e a filosofia da ciência no ensino médio e a visão de futuros professores; e o terceiro mostra

  18. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este é o último volume do periódico no ano de 2015, assim se faz necessário apresentar um balanço deste ano. Com esta publicação são 220 artigos, perfazendo uma média de 27,5 artigos, por volume.  De acordo com o Google Analytics, em 2015 o periódico teve 99,28 mil usuários com 429,44 mil visualizações, os quais acessaram em média 3,2 páginas, com duração de 2,41 minutos. Comparando estes resultados aos do ano de 2014, foi identificado um crescimento no número de usuários (15,64%, nas visualizações de páginas (19,76% e na duração média (13,32%. Neste ano, os quinze principais países que acessaram a HOLOS foram: Brasil (94,4%, Portugal (0,93%, USA (0,64%, Índia (0,54%, Espanha (0,48%, Moçambique (0,34%, França (0,31%, Reino Unido (0,16%, Rússia (0,14%, México (0,12%, Colômbia (0,12%, Quênia (0,11%, Chile (0,10% e Alemanha (0,08%. As quinze cidades que mais acessaram a Holos foram: Natal (12,39%, São Paulo (6,12%, Belo Horizonte (4,51%, Rio de Janeiro (4,40%, Fortaleza (4,14%, Recife (3,40%, Salvador (2,61%, Brasília (2,22%, Curitiba (2,08%, Mossoró (1,99%, Goiânia (1,86%, Teresina (1,57%, Porto Alegre (1,55%, João Pessoa (1,42% e Belém (1,20%. Estes números revelam  um periódico de âmbito nacional, associado a uma presença em vários países (Google Analytics, 2015. Esta editoria trabalha de forma estratégica para ampliar a presença em países do BRICS (Brasil, Rússia, Índia, Chia e África do Sul. Assim, foram enviados convites a pesquisadores destes países para submeterem artigos ao periódico e comporem o grupo de avaliadores Ad Hoc. Muito em breve, teremos a presença de representantes destes países no Conselho Editorial. A inclusão do periódico em indexadores internacionais, em particular no WoS – Thomson Reuters, deve consolidar a internacionalização do periódico nos próximos anos. É importante informar que a trajetória online do periódico foi iniciada em 2004, sob a guarda dos

  19. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adilson Luiz Pinto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1518-2924.2011v16n32pi Prezados Leitores, É com muita satisfação que anunciamos a edição do volume 16, número 32 de 2011, agradecendo de maneira muito especial a colaboração de Rosângela Schwarz Rodrigues, Ursula Blattmann, Araci Isaltina de Andrade Hillesheim e Gleisy Regina Bories Fachin que, até então, eram as editoras da revista e que, com sua atuação, contribuíram decisivamente para o desenvolvimento e o êxito desta publicação. Os esforços somados de todos os profissionais envolvidos na elaboração deste periódico têm gerado qualidade de conteúdo e o consequente respeito conquistado junto à comunidade científica da área de ciência da informação. Podemos destacar entre os frutos que estamos agora colhendo: a edição de trabalhos em outros idiomas e um planejamento de transformar a Encontros Bibli em quadrimestral, aspectos que serão visíveis em 2012. O ano de 2011 foi promissor para a Encontros Bibli. A revista está fortalecida e, com a visão de internacionalizar suas próximas edições, contando com uma nova estrutura editorial e índices promissores: representação de 604 citações, contando com uma média de 40,27 ao ano, um percentual de 1,62 citações por artigo, uma média de 1,62 artigos por autoria e com os seguintes indicadores de presença acadêmica: índice-h = 11 e índice-g = 16. Este número, A Ciência da Informação, suas visões e aplicações na contemporaneidade, nos traz uma mostra como a produção científica da área está diversificada, ao mesmo tempo em que agrega novas abordagens e enriquece o entendimento desta promissora ciência. Como colaborações científicas, resumimos os estudos aprovados nesta edição, tendo o artigo Aspectos conceituais da multidisciplinaridade e da interdisciplinaridade, representando a evolução conceitual das terminologias ligadas à multidisciplinaridade e à interdisciplinaridade, visando identificar também a

  20. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloisa Bordoli

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Es un gusto presentar el séptimo número de DIDÁSKOMAI. REVISTA DE INVESTIGACIONES SOBRE LA ENSEÑANZA, correspondiente al año 2016. Este número inaugura la versión digital de la revista que permitirá una mayor circulación de la producción académica que se ofrece. La edición digital ha sido posible por el esfuerzo de la Comisión Editorial y, especialmente, por el trabajo minucioso y dedicado de Juan Manuel Fustes y Alexandre Texeira.             La revista es un proyecto colectivo del Departamento de Enseñanza  y Aprendizaje del Instituto de Educación de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad de la República, que tiene como objetivo la difusión de investigaciones articuladas en el complejo y no lineal campo de la enseñanza. Desde la Dirección de la Revista es un gusto poder dar continuidad a este proyecto iniciado en el año 2010 por el ahínco del Profesor Luis Behares y el Equipo docente del Departamento. DIDÁSKOMAI a lo largo de estos años ha alternado números abiertos y temáticos así como un dossier sobre la obra de Johann Friedrich Herbart.                DIDÁSKOMAI  se ha diseñado con la finalidad de contribuir en los debates acaecidos en el campo educativo por medio de artículos que reflejen resultados de investigaciones teóricas y empíricas vinculadas con el acontecer de la enseñanza. En este marco, se ofrecen producciones provenientes de los estudios didácticos y curriculares así como la interrelación de la enseñanza con otras disciplinas. En este esfuerzo editorial, el énfasis que se ha procurado impulsar es la inscripción del campo de la enseñanza y su estudio en la tradición humanística y científica. Por ello se ha buscado que la revista sea una publicación arbitrada en el marco de los procesos de validación que la comunidad académica ha establecido como legítimos. A partir del número 5, la revista ha sido incluida en el sistema de

  1. EDITORIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Alberto Andrade

    2007-09-01

    publicados en Enl@ce. De manera que agradezco, en nombre del comité editorial, el aporte de instituciones como DIALNET, Redalyc, CLASE, OEI (Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos Informe Académico (Cengage Learning, ACCESS MY LIBRARY por albergaren sus espacios este esfuerzo editorial.Todo lo anterior ha sido posible porque en Enl@ce asumimos la política de licencia del CreativeCommons que impulsa la difusión del conocimiento científico y los contenidos en hemerotecas digitales, con licencia sin restricciones, más allá del reconocimiento a los autores. Trabajamos sobre acuerdos entre instituciones públicas que nos apoyan (Vice Rectorado Académico de la Universidad del Zulia, CONDES, FONACIT, FUNDACITE Zulia e investigadores y árbitros; todos interesados en que el conocimiento científico sirva para el desarrollo de la sociedad, sin que medie acto comercialalguno que facilite la disponibilidad de dicho conocimiento sólo a quienes puedan cubrir los gastos de suscripción.Estoy seguro que con este nuevo número que ofrecemos, ponemos a la mano del lector trabajosde calidad con toda la diversidad de conocimiento que la ciencia ofrece.

  2. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Dlouhá

    2013-09-01

    practice mainly "modern” activities in the countryside. 4 Anna Polášková’s article offers an insight into the environmental literacy and attitudes of young technically-oriented Czech university students at a faculty of pharmacy in preparation for non-teaching and non-ecological professional careers. The author believes that environmental literacy and consciousness among university students in technical fields is very important, since it is usually among middle managers and executives with technical education that environmentally friendly policies and strategies more or less begin. She found that positive relationships to environmental protection and education in this faculty prevailed; however, the level of environmental knowledge gained from their secondary education seemed to be low in most cases. 5 Information texts: Andrew Barton and Jan Vávra report on the proceedings of an academic conference held in Prague in April 2013 called Our Common Present which focused on the array of current challenges facing Central Europe. In addition, Andrew Barton also writes about a workshop on Transdisciplinary Research on Sustainability held in Prague in May in collaboration with the Schumacher Institute for Sustainable Systems, UK. We wish you inspirational reading, The Envigogika editorial team In Prague on 28.8.2013 With special thanks to those who contributed to the publication process on the part of publisher, including Charles University which has been supportive in the archiving of Envigogika and providing DOI for future issues. The editorial team would, moreover, like to thank all who made this important step possible with financial support obtained via the project Interdisciplinary Sustainable Development Network (MOSUR, OP VK for all issues published since 2011, including the current English issue. [1] OJS is open source software development by the Public Knowledge Project (http://pkp.sfu.ca funded by Canadian Government and made freely available to journals

  3. Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Sheikhly, Mohamad; Varca, Gustavo H. C.

    2018-02-01

    We are very proud and delighted to introduce this special issue of Radiation Physics and Chemistry (RPC). It is indeed the fruit of an outstanding, collective effort by radiation chemists and physicists, as well as radiation processing and nuclear engineers, who presented their research at the 18th International Meeting of Radiation Processing (IMRP) 2016 in Vancouver, Canada. This valuable issue covers a wide range of reported new results in the field of radiation chemistry, physics, and processing. Eminent scientists carefully selected these invited papers, followed by a thorough reviewing process. This issue presents the selected sixteen invited papers. These papers cover fundamental radiation chemistry mechanisms and kinetics, radiation-induced polymerization and kinetics, radiation effects on synthetic and natural polymers, radiation processing control and quality assurances, radiation-induced preservation of food, radiation sterilization, radiation dosimetry, and radiation synthesis of various fabrics for remediation of nuclear isotopes such as cesium.

  4. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renzo Ramírez Bacca

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Las revistas colombianas categorizadas en el Índice Bibliográfico Nacional — IBN Publindex están ad portas de experimentar un nuevo proceso de medición que implicará una nueva categorización, la cual dependerá del número de citaciones que tengan los autores de los artículos publicados. Un reto diferente que implica nuevas estrategias de difusión, procesos de selección y revisión, y posiblemente de financiación. Hay retos que no serán fáciles de enfrentar. Uno de ellos, es conservar nuestra identidad como revista latinoamericana con el idioma castellano como principal herramienta de comunicación, en un escenario donde el inglés es el idioma franco de mayor impacto y comunicación de la comunidad científica internacional, y donde no pocos proyectos editoriales y autores son exigidos para comunicarse en dicho idioma en función del impacto de la citación de sus resultados en escala global. El otro reto es mantener nuestra identidad como revista de Historia Regional y Local, en otro escenario donde se propende por la fusión de las revistas disciplinares en las áreas de las ciencias sociales o humanidades, cuando éstas no parecen ser la prioridad en materia de políticas públicas y financiación de la investigación. Y, otro aspecto, tiene relación con el sostenimiento del mismo proyecto editorial en un contexto de presión orientado a la fusión de revistas en el ámbito nacional y la desfinanciación de las universidades públicas en el país. ¿Podemos sobrevivir a los embates de las políticas de indexación y homologación manteniendo nuestros criterios de calidad y excelencia académica, pero sosteniendo nuestra proyección en función del impacto de nuestras comunidades académicas y de historiadores? Es difícil saberlo en este momento, si bien nos tranquiza identificar el deber y compromiso cumplido con el gremio y la comunidad de investigadores de la disciplina en el ámbito nacional e internacional. HiSTOReLo ha

  5. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Editorial Este quarto volume anual da Holos é lançado à comunidade científica, integrando as ações do Gabinete Itinerante da Reitoria do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte (IFRN realizado nesta data no Campus Santa Cruz do IFRN, situado na região do Trairi do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Com isso, reafirmamos nosso compromisso de valorar o trabalho de difusão científica realizado com a interiorização dos Institutos Federais. Além dessa difusão interna, destacamos também a ampliação das possibilidades de alcance desta revista, no momento em que ocorre sua indexação ao Directory of Open Access Journals (www.doaj.org, ambiente de difusão de periódicos com acesso aberto em todo o mundo. Os artigos constantes desta edição apresentam grande sintonia entre sociedade e academia, com alternativas aos problemas discutidos. Para os interessados em temas ambientais, oferece-se oportunidade para discutir as seguintes questões: utilização de aterro sanitário para a redução de gases de efeito estufa; geoprocessamento como elemento de estudos de prevenção ao alagamento decorrente de chuvas; segurança química em residências; e atividade de carcinicultura. Ainda se discorre sobre temas da engenharia, a saber: avaliação de propriedades termofísicas de fluidos para refrigeração; análise do desempenho de óleos biodegradáveis e comparação com os óleos minerais; e análise de um queimador infravermelho comercial adaptado com ejetor e verificação de seus níveis de emissões de poluentes. Na área de ensino, são apresentados trabalhos que tratam de ensino de química e física para a área de educação profissional e, na área de química orgânica, abordam-se temas sociocientíficos, com enfoque em Ciência, Tecnologia e Sociedade. No ensino de física, tem-se a experimentoteca como proposta alternativa para ensino médiom além da análise do estudo de óptica no ensino

  6. Editorial

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Romanticism apart and true to the spirit of the previous sentence, in the seven decades subsequent to their discoveries, NMR, and to a lesser extent EPR, have developed into enormously powerful experimental techniques, indispensible in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology and medi- cine. The development of MRI in ...

  7. EDITORIAL

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    power and war are central to resolving the world's environmental problems. (The recent environmental fiasco of the Gulf War illustrates this point clearly.) His paper then traces the relatively limited perspective taken by environmental education in South Africa until recent years. However, the growing awareness of the.

  8. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Editorial A Revista HOLOS apresenta o seu sexto e último volume do ano de 2012 acumulando resultados que mais uma vez nos surpreendem: os cinco volumes anteriores tiveram 27.692 downloads. O periódico avança nos acessos advindos do exterior, agora próximo dos sete pontos percentuais. Este volume traz dezenove artigos, distribuídos entre as áreas de artes (02, ciências agrárias (02, ciências contábeis (01, engenharia ambiental (02, engenharia de minas (02, engenharia de petróleo (01, engenharia de segurança (01, engenharia econômica (01, engenharia elétrica (01, ensino (02, geografia (02, recursos naturais (02 e saúde pública (01. Essa diversidade reafirma o caráter interdisciplinar do periódico. Os dois primeiros artigos trazem colaborações sobre agrossistemas nos cultivos do abacaxi e da banana, respectivamente, em Touros/RN-Brasil e Ipanguaçu/RN - Brasil. Já o terceiro artigo discute o movimento de produção e reprodução do espaço agrário no contexto do campesinato em uma comunidade de Canguaretama/RN - Brasil. O trabalho seguinte traz uma avaliação da concentração de íons de nitrato em poços que abastecem o bairro de Nova Parnamirim, Parnamirim/RN - Brasil. O quinto artigo apresenta a composição florística e fitossocialógica de um fragmento de Caatinga do município de Monteiro/PB - Brasil. O sexto artigo apresenta uma análise do desenvolvimento econômico da cidade de Acari/RN - Brasil. Na sequência, quanto à sétima contribuição, é apresentado um mapeamento dos riscos físicos a que estão sujeitos os colaboradores da atividade de cultivo da manga no município de Ipanguaçu/RN - Brasil. As colaborações do oitavo e do nono artigo, na área de ensino de biologia e de química, envolvem a utilização da bioinformática e do bingo químico, respectivamente. Uma contribuição sobre otimização de modelo de propagação baseado em equações parabólicas através de algoritmo genético

  9. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available EDITORIAL A HOLOS, periódico interdisciplinar do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte (IFRN, põe em relevo a pluralidade do conhecimento, considerando que, para uma melhor compreensão dos fenômenos, estes devem ser observados em sua imbricação com uma realidade maior, através da qual vão adquirindo sentido. Nesse contexto holístico, a revista representa o esforço institucional para difundir trabalhos desenvolvidos nas mais diversas áreas e em diferentes instituições, o que reforça a superação dos muros e demonstra a maturidade do periódico que se prepara para publicar alguns artigos em língua inglesa a partir do próximo ano, com o objetivo de ampliar sua visibilidade internacional. Também a elevação da sua qualificação no Qualis Capes tem contribuído para aumentar o número de submissões ao periódico, bem como o de pareceristas ad hoc. Neste volume (Vol. 5, Ano 29, 2013, são disponibilizados 27 artigos científicos que representam contribuições advindas das áreas de engenharia (ambiental, materiais, minas, metalúrgica, produção e química, educação, geografia e letras, entre outras. Compartilham tão bela missão com o IFRN, distintas instituições como a EMBRAPA Solos, IFCE, IFGO, IFGoiano, IFMT, IFPA, IFPB, IPT, UECE, UFAL, UFAP, UFCG, UFF, UFPR, UFRJ, UFRS, UFRN, UFSC, UFSM, UNINOV, UNIVALI, UTFPR, Universidade Autónoma de Madrid e Universidade do Minho. É crescente ainda o fluxo de acesso ao site da revista, dado que pode ser facilmente conferido, uma vez que a HOLOS quantifica o número de visitas ao periódico e reproduz o ranking daqueles estados brasileiros que mais produzem ciência no país, à exceção do Estado onde está sediado o periódico. Na oportunidade, vale ressaltar a produção do IFRN que reflete o intenso trabalho institucional, cujos resultados vem sendo reconhecidos em mostras tecnológicas, olimpíadas de história, de matemática, de

  10. EDITORIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2015-03-01

    computação, um em cultura, um em engenharia elétrica e um em engenharia dos materiais. A diversidade dos artigos reforça o caráter interdisciplinar do periódico. Para ampliar a visibilidade dos artigos, esta editoria autoriza àqueles que publicarem neste periódico a inclusão dos artigos, em formato integral, nos repositórios institucionais O Brasil entra em uma quadra que os esforços da academia devem se somar com a sociedade, tendo em vista prospectar alternativas para consolidar as políticas de estado que vislumbre uma sociedade moderna e desenvolvida. O papel do periódico neste caminho será o de fomentar o debate científico. Esta editoria agradece a confiança em publicar os artigos na HOLOS e renovamos o reconhecimento do trabalho dos avaliadores ad hoc e do conselho editorial. No hemisfério sul, o outono abre a estação e, em particular, no semiárido do nordeste do Brasil a alegria dos ventos úmidos combina com a liberdade do fazer científico, àquele comprometido com a imparcialidade e com a difusão do conhecimento para a juventude. Para compartilhar com mais este importante momento, abra a janela na web e acesse a HOLOS. No sumário deste número escolha entre os artigos de interesse, transpire a melhor das energias para inspirar para além da juventude. Uma ótima leitura!   Natal, 30 de março de 2015 Prof. José Yvan Pereira Leite

  11. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available EDITORIAL A Revista HOLOS apresenta seu primeiro volume de 2013, com a ampliação de indexados. Os indicadores de citações do Google Scholar Metrics de novembro de 2012 também apontam o periódico com dados de visibilidade e influência no índice h5 igual a 4, e a mediana h5 igual a oito. Esses dados refletem o aumento dos downloads dos artigos publicados no periódico, como também a elevação mensal de submissões de novos trabalhos científicos. Além disso, os novos indicadores do Qualis da CAPES publicados recentemente contemplam a revista em duas novas áreas: Ciências Ambientais com conceito B3 e Filosofia com B4. Isso amplia consideravelmente a inserção no Qualis da CAPES, considerando os conceitos nas demais áreas: B2 na áreas Interdisciplinar e de Serviço Social; B3 em Administração, Ciências Contábeis e Turismo; B4 em Engenharia e Geografia; B5 nas Engenharias I, II e IV, Ciências Agrárias, Ensino e Geociências; e conceito C em outras. Este volume traz 19 artigos nas mais diversas áreas do conhecimento, algumas das quais vinculadas a temáticas interdisciplinares, conforme se descreve a seguir. Os cinco primeiros artigos discutem questões vinculadas aos recursos hídricos, a saber: Gestão dos recursos hídricos no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte; Produtividade do capim elefante irrigado; Qualidade das águas subterrâneas em área irrigada; Gestão integrada e participativa dos recursos pesqueiros; Qualidade de águas de poços dos assentamentos da Chapada do Apodi/RN. Na sequência, têm-se mais dois artigos focados na questão ambiental. Um aborda a contaminação em filés de tilápia comercializados no Mercado Modelo de Currais Novos/RN; e o outro trata de audiências públicas ambientais e racionalidade ambiental – perspectivas e desafios. O artigo de número oito traz uma revisão sobre hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos de fontes automotivas, seguido de uma contribuição sobre a influência do

  12. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan P. Leite

    2015-12-01

    ógica, cominuição, simulação, concentração gravítica, flotação, espessamento e briquetagem aplicado à agricultura. Externamos nossos agradecimentos aos novos integrantes do Conselho Editorial, os pesquisadores, Christos Roumpos (Technical University of Crete, Grécia, Francisco das Chagas Silva Sousa (Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil e Francisco Manoel dos Santos Garrido (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.  Que nos engradeça do espírito público para compartilhar conhecimentos e ampliar horizontes que fortaleça a política científica difundida neste periódico. Esta editoria expressa reconhecimento e agradecimento à comissão organizadora do XXVI ENTMME pela realização de um excelente evento, por disponibilizar espaço para divulgação do periódico e pelo acolhimento em Poços de Caldas. Aos autores e pareceristas ad hoc, a editoria agradece de forma especial a confiança neste periódico. Por fim, convido àqueles com interesse em Tecnologia Mineral a prospectar artigos de interesse. Boas Festas e um Sempre Feliz 2016!   Natal, 24 de dezembro de 2015.   Prof. José Yvan Pereira Leite

  13. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilan Avrichir

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Dear Internext readers and collaborators, We are pleased to release the second issue of volume 12 of Internext, the first in which the magazine is rated as B2 by, Qualis Periodicos. In this issue, we have six articles that all carry, I believe, important theoretical and managerial contributions, as well as suggestions of new research questions. I highlight some of these contributions this editorial. In "THE PROFILE OF THE UNIVERSITY MANAGER OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN BRAZIL", Fernanda Geremias Leal, Rafaela Ribeiro Céspedes and Luciane Stallivieri outline the profile of the international cooperation managers of the Brazilian federal public universities. From the data analysis of 46 of these institutions, they identify the positive aspects and the problems of the positioning of the international relations department in the university structure. It also analyses the personal experience of managers with activities of an international nature. Given the relevance and timeliness of the theme of internationalization of universities in the exchange of students and professors among others, and given the lack of information about these activities in Brazilian universities, this is a timely and essential contribution for those who research university management in general and its internationalization in particular. In POLITICAL PERSPECTIVES OF RELATIONSHIP NETWORKS TO INTERNATIONALIZATION OF FIRMS IN AN EMERGING COUNTRY, Jefferson Marlon Monticelli, Silvio Luís de Vasconcellos e Ivan Lapuente Garrido analyze, using the political perspective of neo-institutionalism, how institutions, especially government, influence the internationalization of Brazilian Wine sector They contribute to the understanding of how the political relationship takes within the economic sectors and between government and business sectors occur. Hardly any academic contribution could fit in better than this the Brazilian institutional context today. EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF

  14. EDITORIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligarreto Moreno Gustavo Adolfo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    El Centro Editorial de la Facultad de Agronomía de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia continúa incentivando la publicación del conocimiento científico derivado de las investigaciones realizadas en agricultura tropical por las entidades gubernamentales y el sector privado; nuestro interés no es otro que el de mejorar la difusión y la calidad de estos productos de investigación para su aprovechamiento por parte de las comunidades científica, académica y la de los productores agrícolas. En tal sentido, la revista Agronomía Colombiana busca optimizar su visibilidad internacional presentando todos sus contenidos en inglés; se espera que esta estrategia permita generar la opción de ingresar a Journal Citation Reports, así como a índices bibliográficos con estrictos comités de selección y medición de factores bibliográficos, como ISI y Scopus, bases de referencias internacionales de alto nivel.

     

  15. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Editorial A Revista HOLOS, em seu terceiro volume no ano de 2011, é publicada por ocasião da 63a Reunião Anual da Sociedade Brasileira para o Progresso da Ciência, comemorando a difusão científica do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte através deste periódico. Nesse contexto, a Revista, que se consolida como um importante veículo de disseminação do conhecimento em diversas áreas do saber científico e tecnológico, surge com um novo layout. Nessa disposição atual, que busca adequar-se ao formato dos periódicos internacionais e aos novos ambientes virtuais, a apresentação dos autores está resumida aos seus nomes e instituições, constando, ainda, o histórico da submissão do artigo. Outro aspecto interessante é a visualização do acesso à revista nos mais variados lugares, mostrando que as publicações eletrônicas são contemporâneas de um novo tempo, com o qual o IFRN se mantém conectado, numa posição de vanguarda. Este volume é composto de treze artigos com contribuições das várias engenharias: mecânica, civil, química, sanitária, agrícola, biomédica e de computação, além das áreas de gestão ambiental e de educação. O primeiro artigo trata dos combustíveis verdes no Brasil, com uma avaliação da lubricidade do biodiesel B5 e dos óleos de mamona e de coco. Já o segundo artigo traz um estudo sobre as máquinas rotativas utilizadas no cotidiano e seu comportamento dinâmico, apresentando, em particular, uma análise experimental para mancais de deslizamento utilizados em refinaria de petróleo. O artigo seguinte discorre sobre uma alternativa para o aproveitamento de resíduo de calcário, através da incorporação destes em blocos para o uso na construção civil. O quarto artigo, por sua vez, apresenta a seleção de cepas fúngicas com o objetivo de produzir quitozanase, observando sua cinética para determinar melhores condições de produção. Os

  16. EDITORIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Alberto Andrade

    2008-12-01

    beneficio del saber. El conocimiento que se difunde en las revistas científicas ha sido un negocio para las empresas encargadas de valorar cuál es el conocimiento que se debe distribuir; ello termina por convertirse en un proceso de apropiación de la información científica por parte de las empresas transnacionales de la información, que excluye de su apropiación incluso a quien lo produce.Para las transnacionales de la ciencia, el reto del saber es su transformación en mercancía. El control del conocimiento es un importantísimo mecanismo de poder. Hoy en día, ese control está sustentado en una defensa mundial de los derechos de propiedad intelectual y los derechos de patentes para beneficio exclusivo de las grandes multinacionales. Derechos que son definidos como universales y absolutos, y que se manifiestan en muchas de las privatizaciones del conocimiento científico.La gran mayoría de las revistas científicas del mundo forman parte de este mecanismo perversode apropiación intelectual. De ello no escapa el conocimiento producido por gran parte de las universidades del mundo. En una relación bastante perniciosa para la sociedad, los investigadores venden el conocimiento para beneficio individual y no colectivo.Afortunadamente, sitios públicos y gratuitos en la Internet como DIALNET y REDALYC tienenla función y el compromiso de contribuir a la difusión de la actividad editorial científica que se produce, al permitir alojar las publicaciones sin costo alguno, lo cual incide en un aumento significativode la circulación del conocimiento científico.Esperamos que cada vez sean más las fuentes que se comprometen con esta labor de difundir el conocimiento, para hacer de la ciencia un bien público. Sólo falta que ese proceso global reconozcaque en la ciencia, el conocimiento es un bien que debe extenderse sin limitaciones artificiales, porque ello no disminuye el conocimiento de los demás, muy por el contrario, lo incrementa.

  17. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    (Pensamiento, (Palabra y Obra

    2017-01-01

    generar futuro vivible, un escenario cada vez más posible de Paz exige reconfigurar el proyecto educativo de la nación considerando volver a la persona, a la producción de sentido estético de sí, al reconocimiento, la aceptación propia y ajena, la construcción simbólica de la reparación y el acercamiento al Otro. Tener a la vista la Paz es, de suyo, el entorno que nos define como promesa de un futuro posible y escenario de creación factible. El Arte nos recuerda nuestra compleja plasticidad, lo que hace decir a Richard Rorty (1996, uno de los más renombrados filósofos de la actualidad, que no hay humanos paradigmáticos; empero, una educación centrada en la persona y nucleada en torno a procesos estéticos y pacificadores, abrirá compuertas para su constitución. El arte es en sí mismo acontecimiento, y, como la Paz, añade vida a la vida, o si no observemos los efectos estéticos del perdón y la reconciliación en los que volvemos al núcleo vital de la humanidad: el anhelo y la certeza de cambio. En el arte, como la educación y en el perdón: hay trasformación, porque son, ante todo, conmemoración de la vida, acontecimientos confirmativos. Lo decimos en palabras de Mario Perniola (2001 “Para la existencia de lo estético se hace esencial, al menos, la posibilidad del fin de un conflicto, de una paz venidera, de un momento pacificador en el que dolor y lucha se vean, sino definitivamente cesados, sí, al menos, momentáneamente suspendidos”.  (p. 194.    Referencias Deleuze, G. (2005 Lógica del sentido. Barcelona: Paidós. Deleuze, G. & Guattari, F. (1980 Mille Plateaux. Capitalisme et schizofrenia. Paris: Les Ediciones du Minuit. Heidegger, M. (1997. Ser y tiempo. Santiago de Chile: Editorial Universitaria Perniola, M. (2001 La estética del siglo XX. Madrid: Antonio Machado Libros. Rorty, R. (1996 Contingencia, Ironía y solidaridad. Barcelona: Paidós.

  18. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available EDITORIAL A apresentação do quinto volume da Revista HOLOS é motivo de alegria, tendo em vista o resultado do Qualis da Capes da área interdisciplinar, a qual qualificou o periódico com conceito “B2”. A revista passa também a ser indexada nas bases da ProQuest: ProQuest SciTech, ProQuest Engineering e ProQuest Technology. Este resultado amplia de forma singular o alcance dos artigos publicados no periódico. Este volume publica artigos resultados de investigações voltadas à área de mineração, importante segmento da economia brasileira com impacto econômico de cerca de 2% do Produto Interno Bruno. Os artigos aqui publicados representam trabalhos de investigações selecionados do III Simpósio de Minerais Industriais, bem como artigos desta área submetidos do fluxo contínuo. As contribuições representam temas de trabalhos das áreas de: •\tCaracterização tecnológica de quartzo grau solar para uso na indústria de energia solar; •\tSustentabilidade das atividades de produção de minerais industriais no nordeste, especificamente em Recife; •\tInvestigações de alternativas de rochas/materiais como fonte para a produção de potássio para a agricultura; •\tCaracterização da atapulgita (Guadalupe-Piauí, da bauxita (Pará e da gipsita (Araripe-Pernambuco; •\tEstudos de flotação de cromita; •\tComportamento da flotação no tamanho da partícula e sua relação com a amina; •\tEstudos de flotação da cromita: relação com as espécies iônicas dissolvidas com oleato; e a seletividade com carboxilmerilcelulose; •\tEstudo de beneficiamento químico e físico de bauxitas do Pará; •\tAnálise da produção de argamassa a partir de resíduos de granito; •\tAnálise dos níveis de radioatividade das areias utilizada para a construção civil em Natal-RN; •\tComportamento do íon manganês na incorporação em cerâmica estrutural; •\tQualidade de sedimentos, um estudo de caso na região de conflu

  19. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Santamaría Ulloa

    2014-01-01

    ón para el monitoreo de los derechos de los adultos mayores de Argentina y Uruguay, basado en el enfoque de los derechos humanos.El quinto artículo científico realiza una evaluación de la energía y los macronutrientes de la alimentación servida a niños y niñas menores de seis años en centros de cuido y hogares comunitarios de la Gran Área Metropolitana de Costa Rica; en él, Zúñiga y Fernández concluyen que la mayoría de los platos servidos a esta población de estudio no cumplen con el aporte de energía recomendado, mientras que el aporte de carbohidratos superó las recomendaciones en todos los centros estudiados.El sexto artículo nos traslada a México; en él, Reyes y Álvarez evalúan los programas de formación de promotores para la prevención y el control de la tuberculosis en la región fronteriza de Chiapas. Las autoras elaboran sus conclusiones en torno a la importancia de la participación comunitaria para definir el problema de la tuberculosis y reflexionar sobre los posibles caminos a seguir. Se demuestra la eficacia de la capacitación de promotores y su utilidad en el proceso de tratamiento de la tuberculosis a nivel comunitario.Nuestra sección de documentos históricos es un homenaje póstumo a la Dra. Doris Sosa Jara, quien fue decana de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas de la Universidad de Costa Rica por espacio de ocho años, además de activa colaboradora de esta revista. Luis Rosero hace una caracterización del aporte académico de la Dra. Sosa, y nos recuerda su carrera profesional y las cualidades humanas que siempre la caracterizaron.De parte del Comité Editorial de Población y Salud en Mesoamérica, les extendemos las más sinceras gracias a todos los autores por elegirnos como portal electrónico para la publicación de sus estudios académicos e investigaciones, y a los lectores, quienes son los que nos alientan a continuar trabajando para mejorar la calidad de nuestras publicaciones.

  20. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Caponi

    2007-04-01

    of view pointed by Leyla Perrone-Moisés in her essay “High literatures”, in 1988. Finally, we present an article by the authors Barbara Marins Pettres, Master in Agro ecosystems from the UFSC, Luiz Carlos Pine Axe, PhD in Agronomy and retired University Professor of the Federal University of Rio Grande Do Sul (UFRGS, Maria José Hötzel, PhD in Animal Science from The University of Western Austrália, Tania Maria de Paula Lyra, PhD in Animal Science from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG and Presidency Assessor of the Development Coordination of Higher Education Personnel - CAPES. In their article, they approach the issue of the foot and mouth disease social impacts, and mention that Santa Catarina is the only Brazilian State that does not immunize the bovine herd against this illness. The authors argue the policies that state adopts concerning this illness, especially the non-vaccination, and relate this fact with ethical questions of human and animal welfare. The study concludes that the real experience of an outbreak results in dramatic, social consequences for the affected families, showing a long-term rupture in these families’ rural lifestyles. Last, but not least, this issue also brings the book review of ‘the Ritual Use of the Plants of Power’ by Labate and Goulart, Editora Mercado das Letras, São Paulo, 2005. 518p. Jose Eliezer Mikosz, PhD student at the Post graduation Program in Human Sciences (PPGICH/UFSC and Master in Technological Innovations from the UTFPR - Curitiba PR, introduces us to this book. I hope you all enjoy your reading! Editorial Sandra Caponi

  1. EDITORIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Alberto Andrade

    2006-09-01

    la toma de decisiones oportunas. Para ello, los valores organizacionales deberían estar alineados con lasnecesidades de cambio que tienen que ver con los valores de las instituciones.Esos son algunos de los retos que hoy enfrentamos y que son tratados en este nueva entrega de Enl@ce, de la mano de expertos que reconocen la necesidad de confrontar sus experienciasy esfuerzos académicos, a través de la publicación de interpretaciones y resultados de análisiscientíficos.Vale la pena recordar que las modificaciones del pensamiento, expresadas en situacionesespaciales y temporales que se presentan en forma de conocimiento, responden a la necesidad detrascender a la tradicional fragmentación de la realidad del conocimiento científico referencial einstrumental, que inspira a buena parte de los trabajos que se publican en revistas limitadas porlos espacios “naturales” de la especialización. Es así como Enl@ce brinda una ventana para elencuentro del amplio conocimiento de la tecnología y la información, que permite confrontar lascontradicciones propias de la mundialización y discusión del conocimiento. Basta revisar el índiceacumulado de este número, para constatar que Enl@ce es una tribuna abierta a la discusión delpensamiento crítico en materia de tecnología, información y conocimiento.Deseo agradecer a los autores que durante este año 2006 confiaron en Enl@ce, porque se sumaron con verdadero entusiasmo a este proyecto editorial, garantizando, una vez más, la calidaddel contenido de esta publicación. Al Fondo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (FONACIT por valorarnuestro esfuerzo, y al Vicerrectorado Académico de la Universidad del Zulia que durante este añoconfió en nuestro trabajo académico e hizo posible la continuidad y la consolidación de Enl@ce.

  2. Editorial

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    Revista Psicoperspectivas

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Mantener y mejorar un canal de difusión ya establecido de las líneas de trabajo de la Escuela de Psicología de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; consolidar un canal de comunicación de enfoques psicológicos y de las ciencias sociales que no siempre encuentran un soporte comunicacional en la Región Latinoamericana; promover una plataforma para la formación y mantención de redes de trabajo nacionales e internacionales; y mejorar su accesibilidad al público.

    Estos son los desafíos que nos planteamos como equipo editorial de la revista PSICOPERSPECTIVAS: INDIVIDUO Y SOCIEDAD y que nos motivaron a proponer e implementar modificaciones significativas en el formato, acceso y gestión de la Revista. Con este Volumen VII invitamos a los lectores a la primera edición completamente digitalizada de la Revista, y a conocer nuestro nuevo sitio web.

    Con la digitalización, queremos aportar a la generación de conocimientos actualizados y contemporáneos en el ámbito de la Psicología y de las Ciencias Sociales, que den respuesta y aprovechen las posibilidades que los avances tecnológicos hoy nos ofrecen, y sean conocidos y compartidos no solo a nivel local sino también nacional e internacional. Para ello, consideramos indispensable mantener una política de acceso abierto al público lector interesado. Deseamos agradecer a Felipe Lavín Zumaeta, alumno de nuestra Escuela, quien ha actuado como gestor y técnico de muchas de las innovaciones tecnológicas que hoy presentamos.

    En esta nueva etapa, hemos introducido además modificaciones que apuntan hacia la profesionalización de la Revista y que en su conjunto significan nuevos desafíos para nuestra Escuela de Psicología. Queremos que la revista PSICOPERSPECTIVAS no solo cumpla con los estándares de calidad internacional —entre ellos, contar con un sistema de revisión de pares— y que en el futuro

  3. Editorial

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    Dana Kapitulčinová

    2013-12-01

    Sciences, Philosophy, and Theology (Reviewed Paper by Zuzana Svobodová. This philosophical text analyses the work of Josef Petr Ondok – Czech theologian, philosopher and biologist – from the perspective of ethics and ecoethics. 4 The Purpose of Education: Australian and Slovenian perspectives in Education for Sustainability (Inspiration by Phil Smith and Majda Naji. The authors present their view on the purpose of education in the context of sustainable development and include examples of education for sustainable development from their countries – Slovenia and Australia. 5 Environmental mining limits in the North Bohemian Lignite Region. Book review: Říha, M., Stoklasa, J., Lafarová, M., Dejmal, I., Marek, J., Pakosta, P., Beránek, K. Environmental mining limits in the North Bohemian Lignite Region. Společnost pro krajinu, Praha 2005. Translation: Petr Kurfürst. This book review written by Andrew Barton looks at the issue of mining limits in the region of North-West Bohemia in the Czech Republic and briefly summarises from the content of the book originally published in 2005 (in Czech, but later translated into English supplemented with the most up-to-date information on the current situation. 6 Informational texts: A very interesting article on environmental literacy by Petr Daniš, originally published as a reviewed article in Czech (Envigogika 3/2013, has been translated into English and is now available to our readers. School teachers might be interested in the announcement of a school essay competition run by The Living Rainforest, a UK-based charity. 7 Related announcements: As we feel that dialogue on environmental education and ESD related issues in CZ should be promoted nationally and internationally, this time we are publishing two issues simultaneously (for the content of the Czech issue of Envigogika, see here. We wish you inspirational reading and a peaceful Christmas holiday, as well as a successful New Year. The Envigogika editorial team In

  4. Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigato, Valentino; Giuntini, Lorenzo; Vittone, Ettore

    2015-04-01

    This special issue of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B is dedicated to the proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Microprobe Technology and Applications (ICNMTA2014) and of the Workshop on Proton Beam Writing. ICNMTA2014, held in Padova (Italy) from 7th to 11th July 2014, follows the conferences in Lisbon (2012, Portugal), Leipzig (Germany, 2010), Debrecen (Hungary, 2008), Singapore (2006), Cavtat-Dubrovnik (Croatia, 2004), Takasaki (Japan, 2002), Bordeaux (2000, France), Spier Estate (1998, South Africa), Santa Fe (1996, NM, USA), Shanghai (1994, PRC), Uppsala (1992, Sweden), Melbourne (1990, Australia), Oxford (1987, UK) and Namur (1981, Belgium). The conference was organized by the INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare), under the patronage of the Universities of Padova, Firenze, Torino and of the Comune di Padova, in cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). 135 delegates (∼15% women and ∼20% students) from 27 countries of the 5 continents attended ICNMTA2014: the first day of conference took place in the magnificent Aula Magna of the University of Padova, adjacent to the Galileo's desk, and proceeded in the historical building of the Centro Culturale San Gaetano in Padova.

  5. Editorial

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    Eloisa Bordoli, Dra.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available EDITORIAL               Con sumo agrado presentamos el octavo número de DIDÁSKOMAI. REVISTA DE INVESTIGACIONES SOBRE LA ENSEÑANZA, correspondiente al año 2017. La revista se inscribe en el Departamento de Enseñanza  y Aprendizaje del Instituto de Educación de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad de la República y tiene como finalidad la difusión de los resultados de investigaciones desarrolladas en el campo educativo.             A través de la difusión del trabajo heurístico de los investigadores DIDÁSKOMAI  procura contribuir con los debates teóricos y prácticos producidos en el ámbito académico y educativo. En este marco, se ofrecen producciones provenientes de los estudios didácticos y curriculares así como la interrelación de la enseñanza y la educación con otras disciplinas. En este esfuerzo editorial, el énfasis que se ha procurado impulsar es la inscripción del campo de la educación y la enseñanza en la tradición humanística y científica. Por ello se ha buscado que la revista sea una publicación arbitrada en el marco de los procesos de validación que la comunidad académica ha establecido como legítimos. A partir del número 5, la revista ha sido incluida en el sistema de indexación de LATINDEX.             Es pertinente señalar que los artículos publicados abordan diversos tópicos vinculados con la reflexión teórica y con diversos recortes fenoménicos del complejo y no lineal campo educativo. Los enfoques que se desarrollan se sustentan en diferentes disciplinas y abordajes conceptuales que habilitan la interrogación crítica de los fenómenos y amplían los marcos de comprensión de estos. DIDÁSKOMAI a lo largo de siete años ha alternado números abiertos y temáticos así como un dossier.               Particularmente, en este número se ofrecen cinco artículos temáticos, cuatro vinculados a diversos t

  6. Editorial

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    André Luis Calado Araújo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Editorial A revista eletrônica Holos, periódico multidisciplinar do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte (IFRN, apresenta à comunidade científica sua terceira edição de 2008, trazendo 11 artigos inéditos. Com este número, a revista atinge sua meta de publicação de três volumes anuais, que vem sendo alcançada há cinco anos, perfazendo um total de 15 edições no período. Fruto das contribuições contínuas dos grupos de pesquisa do IFRN, os quais apresentam resultados de pesquisas e experiências desenvolvidas nas diversas áreas do conhecimento, a Holos se consolida ainda mais como um canal de difusão científica e tecnológica, na medida em que toma uma dimensão nacional, mostrada pela expressiva presença de artigos de pesquisadores de outras instituições. No primeiro artigo, que resulta de uma monografia de graduação em Controle Ambiental pelo IFRN, tem-se a abordagem de um tema da mais alta relevância, em particular para o município de Natal-RN: a contaminação do aquífero. Os autores avaliam as concentrações de nitrato nas fontes de águas minerais e apontam que, em alguns casos, os índices encontrados já superam o valor máximo recomendável para a potabilidade. O artigo seguinte traz uma introdução à automação residencial a partir da apresentação de dois sistemas de baixo custo, a saber: controle liga/desliga de uma bomba d’água para reservatórios e controle liga/desliga de lâmpadas, que poderiam ser utilizados por portadores de necessidades especiais. Na seqüência, o terceiro trabalho analisa a importância do projeto político-pedagógico (PPP do CEFET-RN e avalia a sua contribuição para um processo de inclusão educacional, destacando a preocupação institucional com o tema. O quarto artigo, por sua vez, aborda a presença de uma vertente barroca na poesia contemporânea, através da análise da lírica armorial de Ariano Suassuna. Já, no quinto

  7. Editorial

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    André Luis Calado Araújo

    2009-11-01

    contribuição do programa de pós-graduação em geografia da UFRN. Uma reflexão sobre a elaboração de materiais didáticos de língua portuguesa para turmas de Educação de Jovens e Adultos (EJA é apresentada no décimo artigo. O tema é atual e relevante para a docência, tendo em vista que esta modalidade de ensino se amplia no país e mostra-se necessário compartilhar conhecimento, visando elevar os padrões de qualidade da educação brasileira. Este artigo é uma contribuição de pesquisadores do IFRN. Por fim, o último artigo discute um tema dos mais atuais que é a adolescência e o limite. O trabalho apresenta resultados de investigações em sala de aula com estudantes dos cursos técnicos integrados do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte – Campus Natal Central (Natal/RN, onde os alunos conversam entre si sobre o tema adolescência, dois psicólogos constroem um texto onde tentam articular o conceito de adolescência e de limite a partir da realidade vivenciada pelos mesmos nesta instituição educacional. O trabalho é uma contribuição de psicólogos do IFRN. Enfim, o Conselho Editorial da Holos convida os leitores a acessarem a revista a fim de identificar artigos de interesse. Boa leitura! Os Editores Prof. André Luis Calado de Araújo Prof. José Yvan Pereira Leite

  8. Editorial

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    Adilson Luiz Pinto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Prezados Leitores,É com muita satisfação que anunciamos a edição do volume 17, número 33 de 2012. Este começo de ano traz novos desafios e promete ares prósperos a Encontros Bibli. Com este número, iniciamos uma nova etapa: passamos da periodicidade semestral para quadrimestral. Além disto, a revista continua seu processo de internacionalização, contando com colaborações de um corpo editorial e com autores renomados da Ciência da Informação mundial. Combinado com a internacionalização e com nova periodicidade, continuamos mantendo nosso foco no compromisso com a qualidade. Em relação aos índices métricos da Encontros Bibli, tivemos um aumento de 13% nas citações de nossos artigos (43,69 no último ano, uma média de 1,72 citações por artigo, e de 1,53 artigos por autoria. Tivemos ainda os seguintes indicadores de presença acadêmica: índice-h = 12 e índice-g = 18. Nossa capa desta edição traz a ponte Hercílio Luz, símbolo de Florianópolis e do Estado de Santa Catarina. Além do inestimável valor histórico, e da beleza da combinação de design e engenharia, vale observá-la como um impressionante produto materializado a partir do uso de informações e de conhecimento aplicado, e como uma metáfora. Pontes conectam lugares, pessoas, tecnologias, redes, organizações, informações, registros do conhecimento e mundos. Pontes são meios, tangíveis ou intangíveis, que unem o real ou o virtual. Pontes virtuais, ou eletrônicas transportam o intangível, encurtam caminhos e aproximam as informações de seus usuários. São pontes informacionais. Pontes informacionais podem ser instrumentos de comunicação científica que nos dão rápido e facilitado acesso a estudos, pesquisas, tecnologias, modelos e conceitos ligados à Ciência da Informação. Como colaborações científicas, resumimos os estudos aceitos nesta edição, tendo dois artigos de caráter mais epistemológico: (i Um olhar sobre a origem da Ci

  9. Editorial

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    Yeimy Cárdenas

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Editorial Infancia-s, cultura y educaciónUn nutrido número de publicaciones acerca de lainfancia y/o las infancias ratifican la consolida-ción de un campo de discursos que se expandey densifica gracias a la multiplicidad de perspectivasde abordaje teórico y metodológico que aportan al debate sobre lo que ha sido, lo que es y lo que debe ser la infancia. Tales discursos describen y analizan prác-ticas de infantilización que se organizaron en mediode dinámicas sociales e históricas específicas y que seencuentran estrechamente vinculadas con acciones yreflexiones de carácter pedagógico y educativo. Unalectura detallada de ese campo discursivo en AmériLatina evidencia una importante producción de estuca-dios que interrogan la emergencia de saberes sobrela infancia, al mismo tiempo que describen y definenun conjunto de prácticas, especialmente pedagógicas,cuyo propósito es el gobierno de la conducta de esegrupo de individualidades que intentamos definir yatrapar bajo la noción de infancia.Al dedicar este número a la relación infancia-s, cultura y educación, la Revista Pedagogía y Saberes se propone ofrecer a sus lectores un panorama de la diversidad de coordenadas teórico-metodológicas y de diálogos disciplinares que diseñan un lugar para pensar la infancia como objeto de saber y de poder y que definen las formas como nos relacionamos con los sujetos infantiles, en contextos culturalesparticulares. Con esta edición, el Comité Ela revista hace una apuesta por el uso del ditorial de término infancia-s con la intención de expresar el sentidoplural de los modos de ser sujetos, de la diversidad deexperiencias en los primeros años de vida y, también, de las múltiples miradas y formas de pensar, estudiar,investigar y hablar de la(s infancia(s.En la sección Reflexiones se presentan catorce ar-tículos que ofrecen un panorama sobre los saberes yprácticas educativas, gracias a los cuales se construyóuna forma de pensar y

  10. Editorial

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    Zoran Velagić

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This issue of Libellarium features papers based on the presentations from the 2nd Publishing trends and contexts conference which took place in Pula, Croatia, on 8-9 December 2014. All papers were subject to evaluation and classification by two independent reviewers, according to the journal’s editorial policy. The conference gathered a group of experts from prominent European universities from England, France, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Scotland, Sweden, Slovenia and Croatia–the details are available on the conference web site: http://epubconf.unizd.hr/hr/index.php. The papers published in this volume concentrate on four main problems: new possibilities for publishers, booksellers and authors caused by the introduction of digital technologies in the publishing processes, models used in the digital environment, teaching publishing at the university level, and finally, the status of publishing studies as an emerging scholarly discipline. The first part features five papers. Tom D. Wilson in E-books: the publishers’ dilemma reports on a study of publishers’ attitudes towards e-books in three countries: Sweden, Lithuania and Croatia, showing a great contrast between the rise of the e-book in English speaking countries and those of small languages. Elena Maceviciute, Birgitta Wallin and Kersti Nilsson (Book selling and e-books in Sweden address the issue of the understanding of the book-selling situation in Sweden, by answering three crucial questions: how Swedish booksellers see the impact of e-books on their business, how and why they adopt and develop e-book sales, and what they perceive as barriers to e-book selling. Interestingly, the results have shown that the Swedish booksellers do not feel their business is threatened by e-books. In E-book aggregators: new services in electronic publishing Tomislav Jakopec investigates e-book aggregators as new services in electronic publishing, showing that e-book aggregation exists

  11. Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruzzi, Mara; Cartiglia, Nicolo; Pace, Emanuele; Talamonti, Cinzia

    2015-10-01

    The 10th edition of the International Conference on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Materials, Detectors and Devices (RESMDD) was held in Florence, at Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia on October 8-10, 2014. It has been aimed at discussing frontier research activities in several application fields as nuclear and particle physics, astrophysics, medical and solid-state physics. Main topics discussed in this conference concern performance of heavily irradiated silicon detectors, developments required for the luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC), ultra-fast silicon detectors design and manufacturing, high-band gap semiconductor detectors, novel semiconductor-based devices for medical applications, radiation damage issues in semiconductors and related radiation-hardening technologies.

  12. Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    This volume contains the Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Ion Beam Modification of Materials, IBMM 2004, and is published by Elsevier as a special issue of Nuclear Instruments and Methods B. The conference series is the major international forum to present and discuss recent research results and future directions in the field of ion beam modification, synthesis and characterization of materials. The first conference in the series was held in Budapest, Hungary, 1978, and subsequent conferences were held every two years at locations around the Globe, most recently in Japan, Brazil and the Netherlands. The series brings together physicists, materials scientists and ion beam specialists from all over the world. The official conference language is English.

  13. Editorial

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    Gildenir Carolino Santos

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We are pleased to introduce another edition of ETD - Digital Thematic Education, issue covering July to December 2012 about "Perspectives of multidisciplinary education in various fields of learning and training".It brings eight (8 works in Articles Section; eight (8 works in Research Section and one (1 work in Essay Section.From 2013 on, the frequency of this journal will be quarterly, this mean that three (3 issues will be released per year, making the process of papers submission easier, and also, reducing the time for publication. Thus, ETD will be in accordance with the evaluation requirements of Qualis/CAPES: among the criteria for A1 qualification journals must be published quarterly. Seeking to pass from the stratum A2 to A1 the change in periodicity is essential, since in the last qualification Digital Thematic Education had not attended only this criterion of periodicity.Referring to the assessment of databases and directories: Scopus (Elsevier, Web of Science (Thomson Reuters/ISI, RedALyC and SciELO, the evaluation is in progress. The purpose is to follow the best editorial practices recommended by such databases and directories, so to achieve the goal of being part of one of them.Opening the Articles section the paper "Considerations on the use of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS with young students", in which Bettina Steren dos Santos, Jussara Bernardi and Helio Radke Bittencourt, all from Rio Grande do Sul Pontifical Catholic University, addresses the reasons why young people attend school, describing results collected through Academic Motivation Scale (AMS tool, adapted version of Vallerand et al., consisting of a quantitative study in which statistical techniques commonly applied in Psychometric field are used.The second article, "Evaluation and quality of social education", written by Flávia Obino Corrêa Werle (Unisinos, Lisandra Schneider Scheffer and Marilan de Carvalho Moreira (Public Network of Basic Education - Esteio

  14. Editorial

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    Irene Machado

    2008-11-01

    órico-cultural não propriamente dos meios, mas de procedimentos que colocam numa mesma esfera de construção, novas e velhas mí­dias. Tanto Manovich quanto Ziegfried estudam as novas mí­dias no fluxo das conquistas que marcaram a civilização ocidental. Por isso, os dois estudiosos recorrem à arqueologia. O segundo semestre de 2001 foi particularmente rico de eventos na área dos estudos de comunicação e da semiótica. Dentre as reuniões cientí­ficas realizadas, dois foram noticiados nessa edição. O IV Encontro Internacional sobre o Pragmatismo e o V Congresso Brasileiro de Semiótica. A II Mostra Interpoesia também mereceu espaço nessa sessão. Obras fundamentais foram lançadas enriquecendo os tí­tulos de nossa pesquisa acadêmica. Foram resenhados os livros sobre as matrizes do pensamento, de Lucia Santaella, sobre arquitetura urbana, de Lucrécia Ferrara, sobre a obra de Kellreuter fazem parte dessa galeria. Na sessão de projeto, Paulo Angerami apresenta sua pesquisa fotográfica com câmeras. Embora o projeto editorial de Galáxia tivesse concebido a sessão de notí­cias para o relato de eventos culturais, cientí­ficos e artí­sticos, a revista não se deixa de noticiar as perdas de pessoas ilustres. Com profundo pesar, publicamos aqui a notí­cia do falecimento de Thomas Sebeok, notável semioticista e membro do Comitê Cientí­fico de Galáxia. Sua partida pode nos privar de sua companhia mas não de seus ensinamentos dos quais jamais poderemos abdicar. Irene Machado Editora Cientí­fica

  15. Editorial

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    Fernando Mezadri

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Desde 2014, a Em Tese, revista editada pelos discentes do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sociologia Política (PPGSP da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC, vem passando por uma série de reformulações estruturais. A definição de critérios mais altos na seleção de avaliadores, a introdução de um formulário de avaliação dos artigos para guiar os pareceristas sobre os aspectos que devem ser avaliados e a manutenção da periodicidade na publicação das edições levaram à incorporação da revista em vários indexadores nacionais e internacionais de prestígio. A presença nesses indexadores e a utilização de outras plataformas virtuais, como o facebook, no qual o periódico recentemente atingiu a marca de mil curtidores, por sua vez, ampliou a divulgação das atividades editoriais da revista como as chamadas de artigos e expandiu largamente o número de acessos, que ultrapassam uma centena de milhares de acessos por ano. Os avanços nessa edição ficam por conta da incorporação da revista a mais um indexador importante, o Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ. Além disso, houve o acréscimo de importantes ferramentas internas que melhoram os processos de edição do periódico, tal como o desenvolvimento [ainda em construção] de um manual de “passo a passo” indicando cada etapa de edição da Em Tese, bem como, um guia de orientações de posturas éticas para nortear e sistematizar o trabalho dos membros do corpo editorial. Iniciativas como essas, visam conferir maior profissionalismo à revista e, consequentemente, maior segurança a seus colaboradores e leitores. A crescente respeitabilidade da revista no meio acadêmico, medida principalmente pela diversificação e amplitude nacional dos artigos recebidos, é prova do acerto dessa estratégia. Neste tocante em particular, a presente edição da revista traz pela primeira vez um artigo assinado por um pesquisador estrangeiro – no caso, Jorge Botelho

  16. Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruzzi, Mara; Pace, Emanuele; Talamonti, Cinzia

    2013-12-01

    The 9th edition of the International Conference on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Materials, Detectors and Devices (RESMDD), held in Florence, at Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia on October 9-12, 2012, was aimed at discussing frontier research activities in several application fields as in nuclear and particle physics, astrophysics, medical and solid-state physics. Main topics discussed in this conference are tracking performance of heavily irradiated silicon detectors, developments required for the luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC), radiation effects on semiconductor materials for medical (radiotherapy dosimeters, imaging devices), astrophysics (UV, X- and γ-ray detectors) and environmental applications, microscopic defect analysis of irradiated semiconductor materials and related radiation hardening technologies. On the first day the conference hosted a short course intended to introduce fundamentals in the development of semiconductor detectors for medical applications to graduate and PhD students, post-docs and young researchers, both engineers and physicists. Directors of the School were Prof. Marta Bucciolini of the University of Florence and INFN, Italy and Dr. Carlo Civinini, INFN Firenze, Italy. Emphasis was placed on the underlying physical principles, instrument design, factors affecting performance, and applications in both the clinical and preclinical applications. The School was attended by nearly 40 students/ young researchers. We warmly thank the Directors for organizing this interesting event and the professors and researchers who gave lessons, for sharing their experience and knowledge with the students.

  17. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Il y a un monde entre le « bonhomme Franklin » et Richard Powers, entre le plus illustre citoyen de Philadelphie et l’auteur de Three Farmers on Their Way to a Dance (1985, entre l’une des figures emblématiques de la Révolution américaine et l’un des écrivains contemporains les plus étonnants et novateurs. Nous ne jouerons pas au jeu des correspondances secrètes et des liens cachés. Dans ce numéro, Transatlantica croise simplement les regards, littéraire et historien, afin de dépoussiérer le...

  18. Nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    The Single Channel Trip System for the Dungeness B AGRs in the United Kingdom has enabled Nuclear Electric to enhance the performance of each of the twin reactors progressively towards the design figure of 660MW. The unique self-testing dynamic nature of the microprocessor-based ISAT system was one of the key factors in satisfying the UK Regulator that the system met the demanding requirements of the Dungeness B application, and current operational and maintenance experience is very encouraging. Systems based on the ISAT principle have application in reactor protection systems throughout the world. (Author)

  19. Editorial

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    On 22nd and 23rd June, the Director-General will present to CERN Finance Committee and Council a proposal to finalize the package of measures which aim to restore the full funding of the CERN Pension Fund. The pension conditions for future staff will be dramatically worsened and the Organization’s contribution will be reduced by a quarter, thus drastically cutting the Fund’s revenue. For future beneficiaries - today’s active staff, tomorrow’s retirees - this will be a double penalty: a 10% increase in their contributions from January 2011, and a loss in purchasing power - up to one month’s pension lost each year - once they retire. But worst of all, for the first time in 15 years, true concertation has been rendered impossible by a Diktat by CERN Council. The voice of the staff has been practically ignored. This is unacceptable and jeopardizes two fundamental principles of social dialogue: the mechanism of concertation and a search for consensus. CERN is and m...

  20. Editorial

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    José Yvan Pereira Leite

    2012-07-01

    ência (PIBID/IFRN/CAPES, este volume apresenta três artigos, a saber: um jogo didático para o ensino de química; ações da geografia para uma formação cidadã; e por último as ações deste projeto no campus Apodi. O décimo segundo artigo realiza uma análise comparativa da avaliação do ensino superior, a visão do processo de Bolonha e do sistema americano. No ensino da física, o artigo décimo terceiro traz uma análise sobre a formação docente e o ensino de física experimental no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. O último artigo deste volume apresenta uma análise pedagógica das provas discursivas de matemática e química do vestibular. Os caminhos da HOLOS se ampliam, os quais são identificados pelos inúmeros portais de indexação do periódico. Entre eles: o Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ, sistema regional de información em línea para revistas científicas da América Latina, el Caribe y Portugal (LATINDEX, Eletronic Journals Library (EZB-University Library Regensburg, Portal de Periódicos da CAPES, Portal de Conhecimento Nuclear (LIVRE, Library of Congress (LOC, Repositório científico de acesso aberto de Portugal (RCAAP, o PRORCH, Scholar Google, Chinesa Cultura University, Podin Memorial Library - Chaoyang University of Technology (Taiwan, entre outros. A difusão do periódico nos quatro cantos deve-se à perseverança da grande instituição a ela vinculada, bem como aos seus colaboradores, entre eles os avaliadores ad hoc e os aqueles que creditam seus artigos na HOLOS. Com a alegria e espírito inovador, convido-os a partilhar conosco a leitura dos artigos deste volume! Prof. José Yvan Pereira Leite

  1. Editorial

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    The Editors

    2013-12-01

    the adoption of bilingual teaching methodology in a postgraduate program. Probably, one of the most powerful tools available today for internationalization and participation in a global economy is technology. Billingham, Gragg, and Bentley focus their paper on the use of technology in order to achieve internationalization and expose students and faculty to a global experience. However, Stetz and Bauman also remind readers in their paper that, just because the technology exists, it doesn’t mean it would be useful in attaining educational goals. For instance, popular tools such as video and audio lectures can actually take away from the educational experience if not prepared carefully and taking into account the increasing number of students with disabilities moving towards non-traditional learning formats, such as online classes. The goal is not to use technology for the sake of it, but to look for ways to improve the learning process. Hartfield, and Beltran-Cruz and Cruz, present specific examples on how technology can precisely improve and add value to the learning process. Some subjects cannot have an entire online component because students need hands-on experience. For such cases, Hartfield describes how the solution can be blended education, adding an online component to a face-to-face course that requires practical knowledge. By the same token, Beltran-Cruz and Cruz explain how adding a social media component to an otherwise traditional course enhances student learning. In this case, the authors report students feel more engaged and have a better educational experience. The impact technology is having on Higher Education, both in terms of internationalization and learning outcomes, is manifest. As Al-Masum and Chowdhury suggest in their paper, access to technology in Higher Education can even help developing nations reach a larger segment of the population in order to prepare and educate its citizens to face the global challenges of the 21st century. This is

  2. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Caponi

    2007-04-01

    Foucault applies to Kant’s text “What Illuminism is” and consequently discusses the role of the intellectuals under the light of the great transformations of the knowledge and practices of power in the last decades. I hope we can assume that one of the great challenges of our modernity is undoing the strategies of knowing that the human condition is intended to be reduced to a summation of molecular reactions and cerebral synapses. If we accept the challenge proposed by Assmann and Nunes of “reevaluating the field of possibilities of the practices of liberty, supporting the exercise of criticism” , we will be able to think that the two texts that open this INTERthesis issue can be read as being complementary. We can say that the first article puts into practice the exercise of this criticism of the present, which for Assmann and Nunes is the task of the intellectuals. Rafael Raffaelli, professor of the Department of Psychology of the UFSC, discusses, in his text “Note on Freudian Metapsychology”, the metapsychological distinction of the narcissistic instances in the work of Freud. This way, the criticism started by Bonicelli to the neurobiological determinism of the human condition roots itself in the text by Rafaelli, particularly in his affirmation of the Ego as submitted to “two complementary regulative instances, one which determines the interdiction (prohibition and the other which determines the personal goals (ambition to be reached”. The fourth article by Leandro Duarte Rust, doctorate student in Medieval History at the Federal Fluminense University, refers to the medieval clergymen. In “The compliment to the ones primitive of time: historians and medieval clergymen in the paradoxes of modernity”, Leandro performs a detailed and bright study of the analytical possibilities opened by the way of building history proposed by the School of the Annales. He shows that, beginning by this theoretical perspective, “there is no historian who, somehow

  3. EDITORIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selvino José Assmann

    2008-08-01

    of biopolitics, calling the attention to distinctions and identities between historically different mechanisms of power. The author tries to call the attention to the polissemic character of the notion of biopolitics. In the fourth article, Cláudia Hausman Silveira, doctoral student at the Interdisciplinary Program of Post-Graduation in Human sciences (DICH at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC, presents the issue of the family health, comparing the models that have inspired the construction of the Program of Family Health in Brazil, observing their differences and similarities. Moreover, she makes a comparative analysis among the Cuban, English, Canadian and Brazilian models, concluding that the Program multiprofessional proposal of work in interdisciplinary teams, in accordance with the Only System of Health (SUS, can assist in the fulfillment of the health law in the country. In the fifth article, the environmental issue is treated under the pedagogical point of view. Clayton Ângelo Silva Costa, Master in Environmental Sciences (UEMG presents results of a research carried through with private school teachers in the city of Contagem, Minas Gerais, showing the obstacles involving the application of the environmental education interdisciplinary project, focusing aspects of the atmospheric pollution. The last article approaches aspects of the Humanitarian International law. Geovane Machado Alves, Master’s Degree student in Public Law from the University of the Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS, starts from the concept of solidarity and humanitarian intervention, and questions the Brazilian performance in Haiti as well as the legal paradigm of the international solidarism and its repercussions. Closing this issue, the theme is the public university itself and its current impasses and challenges. Héctor Ricardo Leis, PhD in Philosophy from the PUC-RJ, associated professor of the Sociology Department, and Selvino J. Assmann, PhD in Philosophy from the

  4. Nuclear power in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-01-01

    The Canadian Nuclear Association believes that the CANDU nuclear power generation system can play a major role in achieving energy self-sufficiency in Canada. The benefits of nuclear power, factors affecting projections of electric power demand, risks and benefits relative to other conventional and non-conventional energy sources, power economics, and uranium supply are discussed from a Canadian perspective. (LL)

  5. Power program and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chernilin, Yu.F.

    1990-01-01

    Main points of the USSR power program and the role of nuclear power in fuel and power complex of the country are considered. Data on dynamics of economic indices of electric power generation at nuclear power plants during 1980-1988 and forecasts till 2000 are presented. It is shown that real cost of 1 kW/h of electric power is equal to 1.3-1.8 cop., and total reduced cost is equal to 1.8-2.4 cop

  6. Nuclear power of Korea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chun Bee-Ho

    2011-01-01

    National nuclear is presented. Nuclear energy safety after Fukushima, international cooperation in nuclear energy is discussed. Nuclear projects with the United Arab Emirates have been developed to build 4 nuclear power plants in the UAE - APR 1400. At the Korea-Bulgaria Industrial Committee Meeting in Sofia (March 2011) Korean side proposed Nuclear Safety Training Program in Korea for Bulgarian government officials and experts transfer of know-how and profound expertise on world-class nuclear technology and nuclear safety

  7. China and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fouquoire-Brillet, E.

    1999-01-01

    This book presents the history of nuclear power development in China from the first research works started in the 1950's for the manufacturing of nuclear weapons to the recent development of nuclear power plants. This study tries to answer the main questions raised by the attitude of China with respect to the civil and military nuclear programs. (J.S.)

  8. Nuclear power revisited

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grear, B.

    2008-01-01

    Modern development of nuclear power technology and the established framework of international agreements and conventions are responding to the major political, economic and environmental issues - high capital costs, the risks posed by nuclear wastes and accidents, and the proliferation of nuclear weaponry - that until recently hindered the expansion of nuclear power.

  9. Nuclear power in perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Addinall, E.; Ellington, H.

    1982-01-01

    The subject is covered in chapters: (the nature of nuclear power) the atomic nucleus - a potential source of energy; how nuclear reactors work; the nuclear fuel cycle; radioactivity - its nature and biological effects; (why we need nuclear power) use of energy in the non-communist world -the changing pattern since 1950; use of energy - possible future scenarios; how our future energy needs might be met; (a possible long term nuclear strategy) the history of nuclear power; a possible nuclear power strategy for the Western World; (social and environmental considerations) the hazards to workers in the nuclear power industry; the hazards to the general public (nuclear power industry; reactor operation; transport of radioactive materials; fuel reprocessing; radioactive waste disposal; genetic hazards); the threat to democratic freedom and world peace. (U.K.)

  10. Nuclear power prospects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1960-09-15

    A survey of the nuclear power needs of the less-developed countries and a study of the technology and economics of small and medium scale power reactors are envisioned by the General Conference. Agency makes its services available to Member States to assist them for their future nuclear power plans, and in particular in studying the technical and economic aspects of their power programs. The Agency also undertakes general studies on the economics of nuclear power, including the collection and analysis of cost data, in order to assist Member States in comparing and forecasting nuclear power costs in relation to their specific situations

  11. Dictionary of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koelzer, W.

    2012-06-01

    The actualized version (June 2012) of the dictionary on nuclear power includes all actualizations and new inputs since the last version of 2001. The original publication dates from 1980. The dictionary includes definitions, terms, measuring units and helpful information on the actual knowledge concerning nuclear power, nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear facilities, radioactive waste management, nuclear physics, reactor physics, isotope production, biological radiation effects, and radiation protection.

  12. Dictionary of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koelzer, W.

    2012-04-01

    The actualized version (April 2012) of the dictionary on nuclear power includes all actualizations and new inputs since the last version of 2001. The original publication dates from 1980. The dictionary includes definitions, terms, measuring units and helpful information on the actual knowledge concerning nuclear power, nuclear facilities, and radiation protection.

  13. Nuclear power status 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    The document gives statistical information on nuclear power plants status in the world in 1999, including the number of reactors in operation or under construction, the electricity supplied by nuclear power reactors and the respective percentage of electricity produced by nuclear energy in 1999, and the total operating experience to 31 December 1999, by country

  14. Nuclear power publications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-01-01

    This booklet lists 69 publications on nuclear energy available free from some of the main organisations concerned with its development and operation in the UK. Headings are: general information; the need for nuclear energy; the nuclear industry; nuclear power stations; fuel cycle; safety; waste management. (U.K.)

  15. Nuclear power development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nealey, S.

    1990-01-01

    The objective of this study is to examine factors and prospects for a resumption in growth of nuclear power in the United States over the next decade. The focus of analysis on the likelihood that current efforts in the United States to develop improved and safer nuclear power reactors will provide a sound technical basis for improved acceptance of nuclear power, and contribute to a social/political climate more conducive to a resumption of nuclear power growth. The acceptability of nuclear power and advanced reactors to five social/political sectors in the U.S. is examined. Three sectors highly relevant to the prospects for a restart of nuclear power plant construction are the financial sector involved in financing nuclear power plant construction, the federal nuclear regulatory sector, and the national political sector. For this analysis, the general public are divided into two groups: those who are knowledgeable about and involved in nuclear power issues, the involved public, and the much larger body of the general public that is relatively uninvolved in the controversy over nuclear power

  16. Nuclear power flies high

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Friedman, S.T.

    1983-01-01

    Nuclear power in aircraft, rockets and satellites is discussed. No nuclear-powered rockets or aircraft have ever flown, but ground tests were successful. Nuclear reactors are used in the Soviet Cosmos serles of satellites, but only one American satellite, the SNAP-10A, contained a reactor. Radioisotope thermoelectric generators, many of which use plutonium 238, have powered more than 20 satellites launched into deep space by the U.S.A

  17. Worldwide nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Royen, J.

    1981-01-01

    Worldwide nuclear power (WNP) is a companion volume to UPDATE. Our objective in the publication of WNP is to provide factual information on nuclear power programs and policies in foreign countries to U.S. policymakers in the Federal Government who are instrumental in defining the direction of nuclear power in the U.S. WNP is prepared by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy from reports obtained from foreign Embassies in Washington, U.S. Embassies overseas, foreign and domestic publications, participation in international studies, and personal communications. Domestic nuclear data is included only where its presence is needed to provide easy and immediate comparisons with foreign data

  18. Nuclear power controversy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murphy, A.W.

    1976-01-01

    Arthur W. Murphy in the introductory chapter cites the issues, pro and con, concerning nuclear power. In assessing the present stance, he first looks back to the last American Assembly on nuclear power, held October 1957 and notes its accomplishments. He summarizes the six papers of this book, which focus on nuclear power to the end of this century. Chapter I, Safety Aspects of Nuclear Energy, by David Bodansky and Fred Schmidt, deals with the technical aspects of reactor safety as well as waste storage and plutonium diversion. Chapter 2, The Economics of Electric Power Generation--1975-2000, by R. Michael Murray, Jr., focuses specifically on coal-fired and nuclear plants. Chapter 3, How Can We Get the Nuclear Job Done, by Fritz Heimann, identifies actions that must take place to develop nuclear power in the U.S. and who should build the reprocessing plants. Chapter 4, by Arthur Murphy, Nuclear Power Plant Regulation, discusses the USNRC operation and the Price-Anderson Act specifically. Chapter 5, Nuclear Exports and Nonproliferation Strategy, by John G. Palfrey, treats the international aspects of the problem with primary emphasis upon the situation of the U.S. as an exporter of technology. Chapter 6, by George Kistiakowsky, Nuclear Power: How Much Is Too Much, expresses doubt about the nuclear effort, at least in the short run

  19. Nuclear power in Korea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rim, C.S.

    1990-01-01

    Before addressing the issue of public and utility acceptance of nuclear power in Korea, let me briefly explain the Korean nuclear power program and development plan for a passively safe nuclear power plant in Korea. At present, there are eight PWRs and one CANDU in operation; two PWRs are under construction, and contract negotiations are underway for one more CANDU and two more PWRs, which are scheduled to be completed by 1997,1998 and 1999, respectively. According to a recent forecast for electricity demand in Korea, about fifty additional nuclear power plants with a generating capacity of 1000MWe are required by the year 2030. Until around 2006, Korean standardized nuclear power plants with evolutionary features such as those in the ALWR program are to be built, and a new type of nuclear power plant with passive safety features is expected to be constructed after 2006. The Korean government is making a serious effort to increase public understanding of the safety of nuclear power plants and radioactive waste storage and disposal. In addition, the Korean government has recently introduced a program of benefits for residents near nuclear power plants. By this program, common facilities such as community centers and new roads are constructed, and scholarships are given to the local students. Nuclear power is accepted positively by the utility and reasonably well by the public in Korea

  20. Role of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eklund, S.

    1982-01-01

    A survey of world nuclear installations, the operating experiences of power reactors, and estimates of future nuclear growth leads to the conclusion that nuclear power's share of world electric power supply will grow slowly, but steadily during this decade. This growth will lead advanced countries to use the commercial breeder by the end of the century. Nuclear power is economically viable for most industrialized and many developing countries if public acceptance problems can be resolved. A restructuring of operational safety and regulations must occur first, as well as a resolution of the safeguards and technology transfer issue. 7 figures, 7 tables

  1. Nuclear power in Asia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The Australian Uranium Association reports that Asia is the only region in the world where electricity generating capacity and specifically nuclear power is growing significantly. In East and South Asia, there are over 109 nuclear power reactors in operation, 18 under construction and plans to build about a further 100. The greatest growth in nuclear generation is expected in China, Japan, South Korea and India. As a member of the SE Asian community, Australia cannot afford to ignore the existence and growth of nuclear power generation on its door step, even if it has not, up to now, needed to utilise this power source

  2. Nuclear power in Korea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rim, C S [Radioactive Waste Management Centre, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon, Choong-Nam (Korea, Republic of)

    1990-07-01

    Before addressing the issue of public and utility acceptance of nuclear power in Korea, let me briefly explain the Korean nuclear power program and development plan for a passively safe nuclear power plant in Korea. At present, there are eight PWRs and one CANDU in operation; two PWRs are under construction, and contract negotiations are underway for one more CANDU and two more PWRs, which are scheduled to be completed by 1997,1998 and 1999, respectively. According to a recent forecast for electricity demand in Korea, about fifty additional nuclear power plants with a generating capacity of 1000MWe are required by the year 2030. Until around 2006, Korean standardized nuclear power plants with evolutionary features such as those in the ALWR program are to be built, and a new type of nuclear power plant with passive safety features is expected to be constructed after 2006. The Korean government is making a serious effort to increase public understanding of the safety of nuclear power plants and radioactive waste storage and disposal. In addition, the Korean government has recently introduced a program of benefits for residents near nuclear power plants. By this program, common facilities such as community centers and new roads are constructed, and scholarships are given to the local students. Nuclear power is accepted positively by the utility and reasonably well by the public in Korea.

  3. Development of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1960-01-01

    The discussion on the development of nuclear power took place on 28 September 1960 in Vienna. In his opening remarks, Director General Cole referred to the widespread opinion that 'the prospect of cheap electricity derived from nuclear energy offers the most exciting prospect for improving the lot of mankind of all of the opportunities for uses of atomic energy'. He then introduced the four speakers and the moderator of the discussion, Mr. H. de Laboulaye, IAEA Deputy Director General for Technical Operations. n the first part of the discussion the experts addressed themselves in turn to four topics put forward by the moderator. These were: the present technical status of nuclear power, the present costs of nuclear power, prospects for future reductions in the cost of nuclear power, and applications of nuclear power in less-developed areas

  4. Nuclear power debate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hunwick, Richard

    2005-01-01

    A recent resurgence of interest in Australia in the nuclear power option has been largely attributed to growing concerns over climate change. But what are the real pros and cons of nuclear power? Have advances in technology solved the sector's key challenges? Do the economics stack up for Australia where there is so much coal, gas and renewable resources? Is the greenhouse footprint' of nuclear power low enough to justify its use? During May and June, the AIE hosted a series of Branch events on nuclear power across Sydney, Adelaide and Perth. In the interest of balance, and at risk of being a little bit repetitive, here we draw together four items that resulted from these events and that reflect the opposing views on nuclear power in Australia. Nuclear Power for Australia: Irrelevant or Inevitable? - a summary of the presentations to the symposium held by Sydney Branch on 8 June 2005. Nuclear Reactors Waste the Planet - text from the flyer distributed by The Greens at their protest gathering outside the symposium venue on 8 June 2005. The Case For Nuclear Power - an edited transcript of Ian Hore-Lacy's presentation to Adelaide Branch on 19 May 2005 and to Perth Branch on 28 June 2005. The Case Against Nuclear Power - an article submitted to Energy News by Robin Chappie subsequent to Mr Hore-Lacy's presentation to Perth Branch

  5. The nuclear power decisions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Williams, R.

    1980-01-01

    Nuclear power has now become highly controversial and there is violent disagreement about how far this technology can and should contribute to the Western energy economy. More so than any other energy resource, nuclear power has the capacity to provide much of our energy needs but the risk is now seen to be very large indeed. This book discusses the major British decisions in the civil nuclear field, and the way they were made, between 1953 and 1978. That is, it spans the period between the decision to construct Calder Hall - claimed as the world's first nuclear power station - and the Windscale Inquiry - claimed as the world's most thorough study of a nuclear project. For the period up to 1974 this involves a study of the internal processes of British central government - what the author terms 'private' politics to distinguish them from the very 'public' or open politics which have characterised the period since 1974. The private issues include the technical selection of nuclear reactors, the economic arguments about nuclear power and the political clashes between institutions and individuals. The public issues concern nuclear safety and the environment and the rights and opportunities for individuals and groups to protest about nuclear development. The book demonstrates that British civil nuclear power decision making has had many shortcomings and concludes that it was hampered by outdated political and administrative attitudes and machinery and that some of the central issues in the nuclear debate were misunderstood by the decision makers themselves. (author)

  6. Financing nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sheriffah Noor Khamseah Al-Idid Syed Ahmad Idid

    2009-01-01

    Global energy security and climate change concerns sparked by escalating oil prices, high population growth and the rapid pace of industrialization are fueling the current interest and investments in nuclear power. Globally, a significant number policy makers and energy industry leaders have identified nuclear power as a favorable alternative energy option, and are presently evaluating either a new or an expanded role for nuclear power. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has reported that as of October 2008, 14 countries have plans to construct 38 new nuclear reactors and about 100 more nuclear power plants have been written into the development plans of governments for the next three decades. Hence as new build is expected to escalate, issues of financing will become increasingly significant. Energy supply, including nuclear power, considered as a premium by government from the socio-economic and strategic perspective has traditionally been a sector financed and owned by the government. In the case for nuclear power, the conventional methods of financing include financing by the government or energy entity (utility or oil company) providing part of the funds from its own resources with support from the government. As national financing is, as in many cases, insufficient to fully finance the nuclear power plants, additional financing is sourced from international sources of financing including, amongst others, Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) and Multilateral Development Institutions. However, arising from the changing dynamics of economics, financing and business model as well as increasing concerns regarding environmental degradation , transformations in methods of financing this energy sector has been observed. This paper aims to briefly present on financing aspects of nuclear power as well as offer some examples of the changing dynamics of financing nuclear power which is reflected by the evolution of ownership and management of nuclear power plants

  7. Nuclear power status 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    The document gives general statistical information (by country) about electricity produced by nuclear power plants in the world in 1998, and in a table the number of nuclear reactors in operation, under construction, nuclear electricity supplied in 1998, and total operating experience as of 31 December 1998

  8. Nuclear Power Plants. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyerly, Ray L.; Mitchell, Walter, III

    This publication is one of a series of information booklets for the general public published by the United States Atomic Energy Commission. Among the topics discussed are: Why Use Nuclear Power?; From Atoms to Electricity; Reactor Types; Typical Plant Design Features; The Cost of Nuclear Power; Plants in the United States; Developments in Foreign…

  9. Balakovo nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-01-01

    A key means of improving the safety and reliability of nuclear power plants is through effective training of plant personnel. The goal of this paper is to show the progress of the training at the Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant, and the important role that international cooperation programs have played in that progress

  10. Nuclear power economics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moynet, G.

    1987-01-01

    The economical comparison of nuclear power plants with coal-fired plants in some countries or areas are analyzed. It is not difficult to show that nuclear power will have a significant and expanding role to play in providing economic electricity in the coming decades. (Liu)

  11. Nuclear power: Pt. 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Van Wyk, A.

    1985-01-01

    The use of nuclear power in warfare is viewed from the point of use usefullness, essentiality and demolition. The effects of a H-bomb explosion are discussed as well as the use of nuclear power in warfare, with a Christian ethical background

  12. Consideration of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smart, I.

    1982-01-01

    Mr. Smart notes that the optimistic promise of nuclear energy for developing countries has not been met, but feels that nuclear power can still provide a growing share of energy during the transition from oil dependence. He observes that cost-benefit analyses vary for each country, but good planning and management can give nuclear power a positive future for those developing countries which can establish a need for it; have access to the economic, technological, and human resources necessary to develop and operate it; and can make nuclear power compatible with the social, economic, and cultural structure. 11 references

  13. Nuclear power in crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blowers, Andrew.; Pepper, David.

    1987-01-01

    Six themes run through this book: nuclear decision making and democratic accountability, nuclear bias and a narrow-based energy policy, scientific discredit and popular expertise, fusing science with social values, managerial competence and the geography of nuclear power. These are covered in thirteen chapters (all indexed separately) grouped into four parts -the political and planning context, nuclear waste, risk and impact - the social dimension and the future of nuclear power. It considers aspects in France, the United States and the United Kingdom with particular references to the Sizewell-B inquiry and the Sellafield reprocessing plant. (UK)

  14. Nuclear power plant outages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    The Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) controls nuclear power plant safety in Finland. In addition to controlling the design, construction and operation of nuclear power plants, STUK also controls refuelling and repair outages at the plants. According to section 9 of the Nuclear Energy Act (990/87), it shall be the licence-holder's obligation to ensure the safety of the use of nuclear energy. Requirements applicable to the licence-holder as regards the assurance of outage safety are presented in this guide. STUK's regulatory control activities pertaining to outages are also described

  15. Nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Margulova, T.Ch.

    1976-01-01

    The textbook focuses on the technology and the operating characteristics of nuclear power plants equiped with pressurized water or boiling water reactors, which are in operation all over the world at present. The following topics are dealt with in relation to the complete plant and to economics: distribution and consumption of electric and thermal energy, types and equipment of nuclear power plants, chemical processes and material balance, economical characteristics concerning heat and energy, regenerative preheating of feed water, degassing and condenser systems, water supply, evaporators, district heating systems, steam generating systems and turbines, coolant loops and pipes, plant siting, ventilation and decontamination systems, reactor operation and management, heat transfer including its calculation, design of reactor buildings, and nuclear power plants with gas or sodium cooled reactors. Numerous technical data of modern Soviet nuclear power plants are included. The book is of interest to graduate and post-graduate students in the field of nuclear engineering as well as to nuclear engineers

  16. Nuclear power in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perera, J.

    2000-01-01

    Currently nuclear power accounts for more than 25% of total electricity production in Europe (including Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union) However, significant new construction is planned in Central and Eastern Europe only, apart from some in France and, possibly in Finland. Many countries in Western Europe have put nuclear construction plans on hold and several have cancelled their nuclear programs. This report looks at the history of nuclear power and its current status in both Eastern and Western Europe. It provides an outline of nuclear fuel cycle facilities, from uranium procurement to final waste disposal. Economic and environmental issues are discussed, as well as the prospect of increased East-West trade and cooperation in the new poso-cold war world. Detailed profiles are provided of all the countries in Western Europe with significant nuclear power programs, as well as profiles of major energy and nuclear companies

  17. Mobile nuclear power systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andersson, B.

    1988-11-01

    This report is meant to present a general survey of the mobile nuclear power systems and not a detailed review of their technical accomplishments. It is based in published material mainly up to 1987. Mobile nuclear power systems are of two fundamentally different kinds: nuclear reactors and isotopic generators. In the reactors the energy comes from nuclear fission and in the isotopic generators from the radioactive decay of suitable isotopes. The reactors are primarily used as power sourves on board nuclear submarines and other warships but have also been used in the space and in remote places. Their thermal power has ranged from 30 kWth (in a satellite) to 175 MWth (on board an aircraft carrier). Isotopic generators are suitable only for small power demands and have been used on board satellites and spaceprobes, automatic weatherstations, lighthouses and marine installations for navigation and observation. (author)

  18. Nuclear power development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Povolny, M.

    1980-01-01

    The development and uses of nuclear power in Czechoslovakia and other countries are briefly outlined. In the first stage, the Czechoslovak nuclear programme was oriented to the WWER 440 type reactor while the second stage of the nuclear power plant construction is oriented to the WWER 10O0 type reactor. It is envisaged that 12 WWER 440 type reactors and four to five WWER 1000 type reactors will be commissioned till 1990. (J.P.)

  19. The nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plettner, B.

    1987-04-01

    The processes taking place in a nuclear power plant and the dangers arising from a nuclear power station are described. The means and methods of controlling, monitoring, and protecting the plant and things that can go wrong are presented. There is also a short discourse on the research carried out in the USA and Germany, aimed at assessing the risks of utilising nuclear energy by means of the incident tree analysis and probability calculations. (DG) [de

  20. Nuclear power in Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1979-01-01

    the plans of the Spanish Government to reduce their dependence on oil over the next ten years by a considerable increase in nuclear generating capacity are outlined. Data on the type, generating power, location and commissioning data of a number of nuclear power stations in Spain are tabulated. The use of foreign companies for the design and construction of the nuclear stations and the national organisations responsible for different aspects of the programme are considered. (UK)

  1. Nuclear power in space

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aftergood, S.; Hafemeister, D.W.; Prilutsky, O.F.; Rodionov, S.N.; Primack, J.R.

    1991-01-01

    Nuclear reactors have provided energy for satellites-with nearly disastrous results. Now the US government is proposing to build nuclear-powered boosters to launch Star Wars defenses. These authors represent scientific groups that are opposed to the use of nuclear power in near space. The authors feel that the best course for space-borne reactors is to ban them from Earth orbit and use them in deep space

  2. Nuclear power experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Daglish, J.

    1982-01-01

    A report is given of a recent international conference convened by the IAEA to consider the technical and economic experience acquired by the nuclear industry during the past 30 years. Quotations are given from a number of contributors. Most authors shared the opinion that nuclear power should play a major role in meeting future energy needs and it was considered that the conference had contributed to make nuclear power more viable. (U.K.)

  3. Governance of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allison, G.; Carnesale, A.; Zigman, P.; DeRosa, F.

    1981-01-01

    Utility decisions on whether to invest in nuclear power plants are complicated by uncertainties over future power demand, regulatory changes, public perceptions of nuclear power, and capital costs. A review of the issues and obstacles confronting nuclear power also covers the factors affecting national policies, focusing on three institutional questions: regulating the industry, regulating the regulators, and regulatory procedures. The specific recommendations made to improve safety, cost, and public acceptance will still not eliminate uncertainties unless the suggested fundamental changes are made. 29 references

  4. Nuclear power under strain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1978-08-01

    The German citizen faces the complex problem of nuclear power industry with slight feeling of uncertainty. The topics in question can only be briefly dealt with in this context, e.g.: 1. Only nuclear energy can compensate the energy shortage. 2. Coal and nuclear energy. 3. Keeping the risk small. 4. Safety test series. 5. Status and tendencies of nuclear energy planning in the East and West. (GL) [de

  5. Worldwide nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1981-01-01

    Worldwide Nuclear Power (WNP) is a companion volume to Update. Our objective in the publication of WNP is to provide factual information on nuclear power programs and policies in foreign countries to U.S. policymakers in the Federal Government. Facts about the status of nuclear activities abroad should be available to those who are instrumental in defining the direction of nuclear power in the U.S. WNP is prepared by the Office of Nuclear Energy from reports obtained from foreign embassies in Washington, U.S. Embassies overseas, foreign and domestic publications, participation in international studies, and personal communications. It consists of two types of information, tabular and narrative. Domestic nuclear data is included only where its presence is needed to provide easy and immediate comparisons with foreign data. In general, complete U.S. information will be found in Update

  6. Nuclear power statistics 1985

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oelgaard, P.L.

    1986-06-01

    In this report an attempt is made to collect literature data on nuclear power production and to present it on graphical form. Data is given not only for 1985, but for a number of years so that the trends in the development of nuclear power can be seen. The global capacity of nuclear power plants in operation and those in operation, under construction, or on order is considered. Further the average capacity factor for nuclear plants of a specific type and for various geographical areas is given. The contribution of nuclear power to the total electricity production is considered for a number of countries and areas. Finally, the accumulated years of commercial operation for the various reactor types up to the end of 1985 is presented. (author)

  7. Nuclear power: European report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2005-01-01

    In 2004, nuclear power plants were operated and/or built in eighteen European countries. Thirteen of these countries are members of EU-25. Five of the ten countries joining the European Union on May 1, 2004 operate nuclear power stations. A total of 206 power reactors with a gross power of 181,941 MWe and a net power of 172,699 MWe were in operation at the end of the year. In 2004, one nuclear power plant was commissioned in Russia (Kalinin 3), two (Kmelnitzki 2 and Rowno 4) in Ukraine. Five nuclear power plants were decommissioned in Europe in the course of 2004. As announced in 2000, the Chapelcross 1 to Chapelcross 4 plants in Britain were shut down for economic reasons. In Lithuania, the Ignalina 1 unit was disconnected from the power grid, as had been demanded by the EU Commission within the framework of the negotiations about the country's accession to the EU. As a result of ongoing technical optimization in some plants, involving increases in reactor power or generator power as well as commissioning of plants of higher capacity, nuclear generating capacity increased by approx. 1.5 GW. In late 2004, four nuclear generating units were under construction in Finland (1), Romania (1), and Russia (2). 150 nuclear power plants were operated in thirteen states of the European Union (EU-25), which is sixteen more than the year before as a consequence of the accession of new countries. They had an aggregate gross power of 137,943 MWe and a net power of 131,267 MWe, generating approx. 983 billion gross kWh of electricity in 2003, thus again contributing some 32% to the public electricity supply in the EU-25. In largest share of nuclear power in electricity generation is found in Lithuania (80%), followed by 78% in France, 57% in the Slovak Republic, 56% in Belgium, and 46% in Ukraine. In several countries not operating nuclear power plants of their own, such as Italy, Portugal, and Austria, nuclear power makes considerable contributions to public electricity supply as

  8. The nuclear power cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    Fifty years after the first nuclear reactor come on-line, nuclear power is fourth among the world's primary energy sources, after oil, coal and gas. In 2002, there were 441 reactors in operation worldwide. The United States led the world with 104 reactors and an installed capacity of 100,000 MWe, or more than one fourth of global capacity. Electricity from nuclear energy represents 78% of the production in France, 57% in Belgium, 46% in Sweden, 40% in Switzerland, 39% in South Korea, 34% in Japan, 30% in Germany, 30% in Finland, 26% in Spain, 22% in Great Britain, 20% in the United States and 16% in Russia. Worldwide, 32 reactors are under construction, including 21 in Asia. This information document presents the Areva activities in the nuclear power cycle: the nuclear fuel, the nuclear reactors, the spent fuel reprocessing and recycling and nuclear cleanup and dismantling. (A.L.B.)

  9. Commercial nuclear power 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-01-01

    This report presents the status at the end of 1989 and the outlook for commercial nuclear capacity and generation for all countries in the world with free market economies (FME). The report provides documentation of the US nuclear capacity and generation projections through 2030. The long-term projections of US nuclear capacity and generation are provided to the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) for use in estimating nuclear waste fund revenues and to aid in planning the disposal of nuclear waste. These projections also support the Energy Information Administration's annual report, Domestic Uranium Mining and Milling Industry: Viability Assessment, and are provided to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The foreign nuclear capacity projections are used by the DOE uranium enrichment program in assessing potential markets for future enrichment contracts. The two major sections of this report discuss US and foreign commercial nuclear power. The US section (Chapters 2 and 3) deals with (1) the status of nuclear power as of the end of 1989; (2) projections of nuclear capacity and generation at 5-year intervals from 1990 through 2030; and (3) a discussion of institutional and technical issues that affect nuclear power. The nuclear capacity projections are discussed in terms of two projection periods: the intermediate term through 2010 and the long term through 2030. A No New Orders case is presented for each of the projection periods, as well as Lower Reference and Upper Reference cases. 5 figs., 30 tabs

  10. Nuclear power in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bose, D.K.

    1980-01-01

    India has now nine years of experience with her in nuclear power generation. The system has been acclaimed on various grounds by the authority concerned with its organization in the country. The present paper intends to examine critically the claim for economic superiority of the nuclear power over the thermal power which is asserted often by the spokesmen for the former. Information about the cost of nuclear power that is available to researchers in India is very meagre. Whatever appears in official publications is hardly adequate for working out reasonable estimates for scrutiny. One is therefore left to depend on the public statements made by dignitaries from time to time to form an idea about the economics of nuclear power. Due to gaps in information we are constrained to rely on the foreign literature and make careful guesses about possible costs applicable to India

  11. LDC nuclear power: Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johnson, V.

    1982-01-01

    Brazil has been expanding its nuclear power since 1975, following the Bonn-Brasilia sales agreement and the 1974 denial of US enriched uranium, in an effort to develop an energy mix that will reduce dependence and vulnerability to a single energy source or supplier. An overview of the nuclear program goes on to describe domestic non-nuclear alternatives, none of which has an adequate base. The country's need for transfers of capital, technology, and raw materials raises questions about the advisability of an aggressive nuclear program in pursuit of great power status. 33 references

  12. Nuclear power - the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hann, J.

    1991-01-01

    It is asserted by the author that nuclear power is the only available resource - indeed the only solution to an ever-increasing demand for energy in the United Kingdom over the next 50-100 years. It must be the cornerstone of a practical integrated energy policy, covering that sort of time-scale. In fact, it is going to be a strategic necessity. In this paper the background to establishing a policy is sketched. An explanation is given of what the nuclear industry is doing so as to ensure that the nuclear option is very definitely retained as a result of the 1994 Review of nuclear power in the UK. (author)

  13. Nuclear power generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirao, Katumi; Sato, Akira; Kaimori, Kimihiro; Kumano, Tetsuji

    2001-01-01

    Nuclear power generation for commercial use in Japan has passed 35 years since beginning of operation in the Tokai Nuclear Power Station in 1966, and has 51 machines of reactor and about 44.92 MW of total output of equipment scale in the 21st century. However, an environment around nuclear energy becomes severer at present, and then so many subjects to be overcome are remained such as increased unreliability of the public on nuclear energy at a chance of critical accident of the JCO uranium processing facility, delay of pull-thermal plan, requirement for power generation cost down against liberalization of electric power, highly aging countermeasure of power plant begun its operation as its Genesis, and so on. Under such conditions, in order that nuclear power generation in Japan survives as one of basic electric source in future, it is necessary not only to pursue safety and reliability of the plant reliable to the public, but also to intend to upgrade its operation and maintenance by positively adopting good examples on operational management method on abroad and to endeavor further upgrading of application ratio of equipments and reduction of generation cost. Here were outlined on operation conditions of nuclear power stations in Japan, and introduced on upgrading of their operational management and maintenance management. (G.K.)

  14. Development of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1962-01-01

    An extensive discussion of problems concerning the development of nuclear power took place at the fifth regular session of the IAEA General Conference in September-October 1961. Not only were there many references in plenary meetings to the nuclear power plans of Member States, but there was also a more specific and detailed debate on the subject, especially on nuclear power costs, in the Program, Technical and Budget Committee of the Conference. The Conference had before it a report from the Board of Governors on the studies made by the Agency on the economics of nuclear power. In addition, it had been presented with two detailed documents, one containing a review of present-day costs of nuclear power and the other containing technical and economic information on several small and medium-sized power reactors in the United States. The Conference was also informed of the report on methods of estimating nuclear power costs, prepared with the assistance of a panel of experts convened by the Agency, which was reviewed in the July 1961 issue of this Bulletin

  15. Development of nuclear power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1962-01-15

    An extensive discussion of problems concerning the development of nuclear power took place at the fifth regular session of the IAEA General Conference in September-October 1961. Not only were there many references in plenary meetings to the nuclear power plans of Member States, but there was also a more specific and detailed debate on the subject, especially on nuclear power costs, in the Program, Technical and Budget Committee of the Conference. The Conference had before it a report from the Board of Governors on the studies made by the Agency on the economics of nuclear power. In addition, it had been presented with two detailed documents, one containing a review of present-day costs of nuclear power and the other containing technical and economic information on several small and medium-sized power reactors in the United States. The Conference was also informed of the report on methods of estimating nuclear power costs, prepared with the assistance of a panel of experts convened by the Agency, which was reviewed in the July 1961 issue of this Bulletin

  16. 600 MW nuclear power database

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cao Ruiding; Chen Guorong; Chen Xianfeng; Zhang Yishu

    1996-01-01

    600 MW Nuclear power database, based on ORACLE 6.0, consists of three parts, i.e. nuclear power plant database, nuclear power position database and nuclear power equipment database. In the database, there are a great deal of technique data and picture of nuclear power, provided by engineering designing units and individual. The database can give help to the designers of nuclear power

  17. Nuclear power experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1983-01-01

    The International Conference on Nuclear Power Experience, organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency, was held at the Hofburg Conference Center, Vienna, Austria, from 13 to 17 September 1982. Almost 1200 participants and observers from 63 countries and 20 organizations attended the conference. The 239 papers presented were grouped under the following seven main topics: planning and development of nuclear power programmes; technical and economic experience of nuclear power production; the nuclear fuel cycle; nuclear safety experience; advanced systems; international safeguards; international co-operation. The proceedings are published in six volumes. The sixth volume contains a complete Contents of Volume 1 to 5, a List of Participants, Authors and Transliteration Indexes, a Subject Index and an Index of Papers by Number

  18. The nuclear power generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Serres, R.

    1999-01-01

    The French nuclear generating industry is highly competitive. The installations have an average age of fifteen years and are half way through their expected life. Nuclear power accounts for 70% of the profits of the French generating company, EDF. Nuclear generation has a minimal effect on the atmosphere and France has a level of CO 2 emissions, thought to be the main cause of the greenhouse effect, half that of Europe as a whole. The air in France is purer than in neighbouring countries, mainly because 75% of all electrical power is generated in nuclear plants and 15% in hydroelectric stations. The operations and maintenance of French nuclear power plants in the service and distribution companies out of a total of 100 000 employees in all, 90 % of whom are based in mainland France. (authors)

  19. Canada's nuclear power programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peden, W.

    1976-01-01

    Although Canada has developed the CANDU type reactor, and has an ambitious programme of nuclear power plant construction, there has been virtually no nuclear controversy. This progress was seen as a means to bring Canada out of the 'resource cow' era, and onto a more equal footing with technologically elite nations. However the Indian nuclear explosion test, waste storage problems, contamination problems arising from use of uranium ore processing waste as land fill and subsidised sale of nuclear power plants to Argentina and South Korea have initiated public and parliamentary interest. Some economists have also maintained that Canada is approaching over-supply of nuclear power and over-investment in plant. Canada has no official overall energy production plan and alternative sources have not been evaluated. (JIW)

  20. Without nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-01-01

    The arguments put forward by the SPD point to the following: Backing out of nuclear power is a must, because of the awful quality of the hazards involved; because there can be no real separation guaranteed between civil and military utilisation of nuclear energy; for reasons of international responsibility; because we must not pass the buck on to the next generation; because social compatibility must be achieved; because the story of the 'cheap' nuclear generation of electricity is a fairy tale; because nuclear power pushes back coal as an energy source; because current ecological conditions call for abandonment of nuclear power, and economic arguments do not really contradict them. A reform of our energy system has to fulfill four requirements: Conserve energy; reduce and avoid environmental pollution; use renewable energy sources as the main sources; leave to the next generation the chance of choosing their own way of life. (HSCH) [de

  1. Nuclear power and safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saunders, P.; Tasker, A.

    1991-01-01

    Nuclear power currently provides about a fifth of both Britain's and the world's electricity. It is the largest single source of electricity in Western Europe; in France three quarters of electricity is generated by nuclear power stations. This booklet is about the safety of those plants. It approaches the subject by outlining the basic principles and approaches behind nuclear safety, describing the protective barriers and safety systems that are designed to prevent the escape of radioactive material, and summarising the regulations that govern the construction and operation of nuclear power stations. The aim is to provide a general understanding of the subject by explaining the general principles of the Advanced Gas Cooled Reactor and setting out the UKAEA strategy for nuclear safety, the objective being always to minimize risk. (author)

  2. Nuclear Power in Korea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ha, Duk-Sang

    2009-01-01

    Full text: Korea's nuclear power program has been promoted by step-by-step approach; the first stage was 1970's when it depended on the foreign contractors' technology and the second was 1980's when it accumulated lots of technology and experience by jointly implementing the project. Lastly in the third stage in 1990's, Korea successfully achieved the nuclear power technological self-reliance and developed its standard nuclear power plant, so-called Optimized Power Reactor 1000 (OPR 1000). Following the development of OPR 1000, Korea has continued to upgrade the design, known as the Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR 1400) and APR+. Korea is one of the countries which continuously developed the nuclear power plant projects during the last 30 years while the other advanced countries ceased the project, and therefore, significant reduction of project cost and construction schedule were possible which benefits from the repetition of construction project. And now, its nuclear industry infrastructure possesses the strong competitiveness in this field.The electricity produced from the nuclear power is 150,958 MWh in 2008, which covers approximately 36% of the total electricity demand in Korea, while the installed capacity of nuclear power is 17,716 MW which is 24% of the total installed capacity. We are currently operating 20 units of nuclear power plants in Korea, and also are constructing 8 additional units (9,600 MW). Korea's nuclear power plants have displayed their excellent operating performance; the average plant capacity factor was 93.4% in 2008, which are about 15% higher than the world average of 77.8%. Moreover, the number of unplanned trips per unit was only 0.35 in 2008, which is the world top class performance. Also currently we are operating four CANDU nuclear units in Korea which are the same reactor type and capacity as the Cernavoda Units. They have been showing the excellent operating performance, of which capacity in 2008 is 92.8%. All the Korean

  3. The future of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeile, H.J.

    1987-01-01

    Present conditions and future prospects for the nuclear power industry in the United States are discussed. The presentation includes a review of trends in electrical production, the safety of coal as compared to nuclear generating plants, the dangers of radiation, the economics of nuclear power, the high cost of nuclear power in the United States, and the public fear of nuclear power. 20 refs

  4. Nuclear power industry, 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-12-01

    The intent of this publication is to provide a single volume of resource material that offers a timely, comprehensive view of the nuclear option. Chapter 1 discusses the development of commercial nuclear power from a historical perspective, reviewing the factors and events that have and will influence its progress. Chapters 2 through 5 discuss in detail the nuclear powerplant and its supporting fuel cycle, including various aspects of each element from fuel supply to waste management. Additional dimension is brought to the discussion by Chapters 6 and 7, which cover the Federal regulation of nuclear power and the nuclear export industry. This vast body of thoroughly documented information offers the reader a useful tool in evaluating the record and potential of nuclear energy in the United States

  5. Safety and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gittus, John; Gunning, Angela.

    1988-01-01

    Representatives of the supporters and opponents of civil nuclear power put forward the arguments they feel the public should consider when making up their mind about the nuclear industry. The main argument in favour of nuclear power is about the low risk in comparison with other risks and the amount of radiation received on average by the population in the United Kingdom from different sources. The aim is to show that the nuclear industry is fully committed to the cause of safety and this has resulted in a healthy workforce and a safe environment for the public. The arguments against are that the nuclear industry is deceitful, secretive and politically motivated and thus its arguments about safety, risks, etc, cannot be trusted. The question of safety is considered further - in particular the perceptions, definitions and responsibility. The economic case for nuclear electricity is not accepted. (U.K.)

  6. Nuclear power training courses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1977-01-01

    The training of technical manpower for nuclear power projects in developing countries is now a significant part of the IAEA Technical Assistance Programme. Two basic courses are the cornerstones of the Agency's training programme for nuclear power: a course in planning and implementation, and a course in construction and operation management. These two courses are independent of each other. They are designed to train personnel for two distinct phases of project implementation. The nuclear power project training programme has proven to be successful. A considerable number of highly qualified professionals from developing countries have been given the opportunity to learn through direct contact with experts who have had first-hand experience. It is recognized that the courses are not a substitute for on-the-job training, but their purpose is achieved if they have resulted in the transfer of practical, reliable information and have helped developing countries to prepare themselves for the planning, construction and operation management of nuclear power stations

  7. Nuclear power plant construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lima Moreira, Y.M. de.

    1979-01-01

    The legal aspects of nuclear power plant construction in Brazil, derived from governamental political guidelines, are presented. Their evolution, as a consequence of tecnology development is related. (A.L.S.L.) [pt

  8. Nuclear power plant siting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sulkiewicz, M.; Navratil, J.

    The construction of a nuclear power plant is conditioned on territorial requirements and is accompanied by the disturbance of the environment, land occupation, population migration, the emission of radioactive wastes, thermal pollution, etc. On the other hand, a nuclear power plant makes possible the introduction of district heating and increases the economic and civilization activity of the population. Due to the construction of a nuclear power plant the set limits of negative impacts must not be exceeded. The locality should be selected such as to reduce the unfavourable effects of the plant and to fully use its benefits. The decision on the siting of the nuclear power plant is preceded by the processing of a number of surveys and a wide range of documentation to which the given criteria are strictly applied. (B.H.)

  9. Nuclear power in Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Siddiqui, Z.H.; Qureshi, I.H.

    2005-01-01

    Pakistan started its nuclear power program by installing a 137 M We Canadian Deuterium Reactor (Candu) at Karachi in 1971 which became operational in 1972. The post-contract technical support for the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP) was withdrawn by Canada in 196 as a consequence of Indian nuclear device test in 1974. In spite of various difficulties PAEC resolved to continue to operate KANUPP and started a process for the indigenous fabrication of spare parts and nuclear fuel. The first fuel bundle fabricated in Pakistan was loaded in the core in 1980. Since then KANUPP has been operating on the indigenously fabricated fuel. The plant computer systems and the most critical instrumentation and Control system were also replaced with up-to date technology. In 2002 KANUPP completed its original design life of 30 year. A program for the life extension of the plant had already been started. The second nuclear power plant of 300 M We pressurized water reactor purchased from China was installed in Chashma in 1997, which started commercial operations in 2001. Another unit of 300 M We will be installed at Chashma in near future. These nuclear power plants have been operating under IAEA safeguards agreements. PAEC through the long-term performance of the two power plants has demonstrated its competence to safely and successfully operate and maintain nuclear power plants. Pakistan foresees an increasingly important and significant share of nuclear power in the energy sector. The Government has recently allocated a share of 8000 MWe for nuclear energy in the total energy scenario of Pakistan by the year 2025. (author)

  10. The Korean nuclear power program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Choi, Chang Tong

    1996-01-01

    Although the world nuclear power industry may appear to be in decline, continued nuclear power demand in Korea indicates future opportunities for growth and prosperity in this country. Korea has one of the world's most vigorous nuclear power programs. Korea has been an active promoter of nuclear power generation since 1978, when the country introduced nuclear power as a source of electricity. Korea now takes pride in the outstanding performance of its nuclear power plants, and has established a grand nuclear power scheme. This paper is aimed at introducing the nuclear power program of Korea, including technological development, international cooperation, and CANDU status in Korea. (author). 2 tabs

  11. Commercial nuclear power 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-01-01

    This report presents historical data on commercial nuclear power in the United States, with projections of domestic nuclear capacity and generation through the year 2020. The report also gives country-specific projections of nuclear capacity and generation through the year 2010 for other countries in the world outside centrally planned economic areas (WOCA). Information is also presented regarding operable reactors and those under construction in countries with centrally planned economies. 39 tabs

  12. [Nuclear News -- Power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-01

    The topics discussed in this section are: (1) NU(Northeast Utilities) receives largest court fine levied for false records. (2) ComEd nuclear fleet has best-ever performance. (3) Perry and Beaver Valley now run by First Energy Nuclear. (4) Slight reactor power increases may save dollars; (5) Nuclear plants shares to change hands. (6) Y2K nonsafety-related work scheduled for completion. (7) New NRC plan for reviewing plant license transfers with foreign ownership.

  13. Nuclear power and acceptation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Speelman, J.E.

    1990-01-01

    In 1989 a workshop was held organized by the IAEA and the Argonne National Laboratory. The purpose was to investigate under which circumstances a large-scale extension of nuclear power can be accepted. Besides the important technical information, the care for the environment determined the atmosphere during the workshop. The opinion dominated that nuclear power can contribute in tackling the environment problems, but that the social and political climate this almost makes impossible. (author). 7 refs.; 1 fig.; 1 tab

  14. Discounting and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jones, P.M.S.

    1984-01-01

    The paper describes the practice of discounting and its applicability to nuclear power, and the choice of discount rates. Opportunity cost of capital; risk; social time preference; intergenerational equity; non-monetary aspects; and discounting and nuclear energy; are all discussed. (U.K.)

  15. Nuclear power and leukaemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grimston, M.

    1991-03-01

    This booklet describes the nature of leukaemia, disease incidence in the UK and the possible causes. Epidemiological studies observing rates of leukaemia near nuclear power stations in the UK and other parts of the world are discussed. Possible causes of leukaemia excesses near nuclear establishments include radioactive discharges into the environment, paternal radiation exposure and viral causes. (UK)

  16. No to nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    Kim Beazley has again stated a Labor Government would not pursue nuclear power because the economics 'simply don't stack up'. 'We have significant gas, coal and renewable energy reserves and do not have a solution for the disposal of low-level nuclear waste, let alone waste from nuclear power stations.' The Opposition Leader said developing nuclear power now would have ramifications for Australia's security. 'Such a move could result in our regional neighbours fearing we will use it militarily.' Instead, Labor would focus on the practical measures that 'deliver economic and environmental stability while protecting our national security'. Mr Beazley's comments on nuclear power came in the same week as Prime Minister John Howard declined the request of Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for uranium exports, although seemingly not ruling out a policy change at some stage. The Prime Ministers held talks in New Delhi over whether Australia would sell uranium to India without it signing the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. An agreement reached during a visit by US President George W. Bush gives India access to long-denied nuclear technology and guaranteed fuel in exchange for allowing international inspection of some civilian nuclear facilities. Copyright (2006) Crown Content Pty Ltd

  17. Nuclear Power Plant Technician

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall, George A.

    1975-01-01

    The author recognizes a body of basic knowledge in nuclear power plant technoogy that can be taught in school programs, and lists the various courses, aiming to fill the anticipated need for nuclear-trained manpower--persons holding an associate degree in engineering technology. (Author/BP)

  18. Nuclear power for beginners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Croall, S.; Sempler, K.

    1978-01-01

    A 'comic strip' account of nuclear power, covering weapons and weapons proliferation, reactor accidents involving human errors, radiation hazards, radioactive waste management and the fuel cycle, fast breeder reactors and plutonium, security, public relations and sociological aspects, energy consumption patterns, energy conservation and alternative energy sources, environmental aspects and anti-nuclear activities. (U.K.)

  19. Progress by nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Creamer, A.

    1980-01-01

    United States scientist Petr Beckmann predicts that there will eventually be nuclear power stations in the Transvaal in South Africa. This will take place for two reasons: to decrease pollution problems and to ensure economic advancement. He also refers to the the toxicity of nuclear wastes and coal wastes

  20. World status - nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holmes, A.

    1984-01-01

    The problems of nuclear power are not so much anti-nuclear public opinion, but more the decrease of electricity consumption growth rate and the high cost of building reactors. Because of these factors, forecasts of world nuclear capacity have had to be reduced considerably over the last three years. The performance of reactors is considered. The CANDU reactor remains the world's best performer and overall tends to out-perform larger reactors. The nuclear plant due to come on line in 1984 are listed by country; this shows that nuclear capacity will increase substantially over a short period. At a time of stagnant demand this will make nuclear energy an important factor in the world energy balance. Nuclear power stations in operation and under construction in 1983 are listed and major developments in commercial nuclear power in 1983 are taken country by country. In most, the report is the same; national reactor ordering cut back because the expected increase in energy demand has not happened. Also the cost-benefit of nuclear over other forms of energy is no longer as favourable. The export opportunities have also declined as many of the less developed countries are unable to afford reactors. (U.K.)

  1. Nuclear power costs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1963-01-01

    A report prepared by the IAEA Secretariat and presented to the seventh session of the Agency's General Conference says that information on nuclear power costs is now rapidly moving from the domain of uncertain estimates to that of tested factual data. As more and more nuclear power stations are being built and put into operation, more information on the actual costs incurred is becoming available. This is the fourth report on nuclear power costs to be submitted to the IAEA General Conference. The report last year gave cost information on 38 nuclear power projects, 17 of which have already gone into operation. Certain significant changes in the data given last year are included-in the present report; besides, information is given on seven new plants. The report is divided into two parts, the first on recent developments and current trends in nuclear power costs and the second on the use of the cost data for economic comparisons. Both stress the fact that the margin of uncertainty in the basic data has lately been drastically reduced. At the same time, it is pointed out, some degree of uncertainty is inherent in the assumptions made in arriving at over-all generating cost figures, especially when - as is usually the case - a nuclear plant is part of an integrated power system

  2. Nuclear power in space

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anghaie, S.

    2007-01-01

    The development of space nuclear power and propulsion in the United States started in 1955 with the initiation of the ROVER project. The first step in the ROVER program was the KIWI project that included the development and testing of 8 non-flyable ultrahigh temperature nuclear test reactors during 1955-1964. The KIWI project was precursor to the PHOEBUS carbon-based fuel reactor project that resulted in ground testing of three high power reactors during 1965-1968 with the last reactor operated at 4,100 MW. During the same time period a parallel program was pursued to develop a nuclear thermal rocket based on cermet fuel technology. The third component of the ROVER program was the Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Applications (NERVA) that was initiated in 1961 with the primary goal of designing the first generation of nuclear rocket engine based on the KIWI project experience. The fourth component of the ROVER program was the Reactor In-Flight Test (RIFT) project that was intended to design, fabricate, and flight test a NERVA powered upper stage engine for the Saturn-class lunch vehicle. During the ROVER program era, the Unites States ventured in a comprehensive space nuclear program that included design and testing of several compact reactors and space suitable power conversion systems, and the development of a few light weight heat rejection systems. Contrary to its sister ROVER program, the space nuclear power program resulted in the first ever deployment and in-space operation of the nuclear powered SNAP-10A in 1965. The USSR space nuclear program started in early 70's and resulted in deployment of two 6 kWe TOPAZ reactors into space and ground testing of the prototype of a relatively small nuclear rocket engine in 1984. The US ambition for the development and deployment of space nuclear powered systems was resurrected in mid 1980's and intermittently continued to date with the initiation of several research programs that included the SP-100, Space Exploration

  3. Nuclear power for beginners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Croall, S.; Sempler, K.

    1979-01-01

    Witty, critically, and with expert knowledge, 'Atomic power for beginners' describes the development of nuclear power for military purposes and its 'peaceful uses' against the will of the population. Atomic power, the civil baby of the bomb is not only a danger to our lives - it is enemy to all life as all hard technologies are on which economic systems preoccupied with growth put their hopes. Therefore, 'Atomic power for beginners' does not stop at nuclear engineering but proceeds to investigate its consequences, nationally and with a view to the Third World. And since the consequences are so fatal and it is not enough to say no to nuclear power, it gives some thoughts to a better future - with soft technology and alternative production. (orig.) 891 HP/orig. 892 MKO [de

  4. Nuclear power for tomorrow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Csik, B.J.; Konstantinov, L.V.; Dastidar, P.

    1989-09-01

    The evolution of nuclear power has established this energy source as a viable mature technology, producing at comparative costs more than 16% of the electricity generated world-wide. After outlining the current status of nuclear power, extreme future scenarios are presented, corresponding respectively to maximum penetration limited by technical-economic characteristics, and nuclear phase-out at medium term. The situation is complex and country specific. The relative perception of the importance of different factors and the compensation of advantages vs. disadvantages, or risk vs. benefits, has predominant influence. In order to proceed with an objective and realistic estimate of the future role of nuclear power worldwide, the fundamental factors indicated below pro nuclear power and against are assessed, including expected trends regarding their evolution: Nuclear safety risk; reduction to levels of high improbability but not zero risk. Reliable source of energy; improvements towards uniform standards of excellence. Economic competitiveness vs. alternatives; stabilization and possible reduction of costs. Financing needs and constraints; availability according to requirements. Environmental effects; comparative analysis with alternatives. Public and political acceptance; emphasis on reason and facts over emotions. Conservation of fossil energy resources; gradual deterioration but no dramatic crisis. Energy supply assurance; continuing concerns. Infrastructure requirements and availability; improvements in many countries due to overall development. Non-proliferation in military uses; separation of issues from nuclear power. IAEA forecasts to the year 2005 are based on current projects, national plans and policies and on prevailing trends. Nuclear electricity generation is expected to reach about 18% of total worldwide electricity generation, with 500 to 580 GW(e) installed capacity. On a longer term, to 2030, a stabilized role and place among available viable

  5. Country nuclear power profiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The preparation of Country Nuclear Power Profiles was initiated within the framework of the IAEA`s programme for nuclear power plant performance assessment and feedback. It responded to a need for a database and a technical document containing a description of the energy and economic situation and the primary organizations involved in nuclear power in IAEA Member States. The task was included in the IAEA`s programmes for 1993/1994 and 1995/1996. In March 1993, the IAEA organized a Technical Committee meeting to discuss the establishment of country data ``profiles``, to define the information to be included in the profiles and to review the information already available in the IAEA. Two expert meetings were convened in November 1994 to provide guidance to the IAEA on the establishment of the country nuclear profiles, on the structure and content of the profiles, and on the preparation of the publication and the electronic database. In June 1995, an Advisory Group meeting provided the IAEA with comprehensive guidance on the establishment and dissemination of an information package on industrial and organizational aspects of nuclear power to be included in the profiles. The group of experts recommended that the profiles focus on the overall economic, energy and electricity situation in the country and on its nuclear power industrial structure and organizational framework. In its first release, the compilation would cover all countries with operating power plants by the end of 1995. It was also recommended to further promote information exchange on the lessons learned from the countries engaged in nuclear programmes. For the preparation of this publication, the IAEA received contributions from the 29 countries operating nuclear power plants and Italy. A database has been implemented and the profiles are supporting programmatic needs within the IAEA; it is expected that the database will be publicly accessible in the future. Refs, figs, tabs.

  6. Country nuclear power profiles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-03-01

    The preparation of Country Nuclear Power Profiles was initiated within the framework of the IAEA's programme for nuclear power plant performance assessment and feedback. It responded to a need for a database and a technical document containing a description of the energy and economic situation and the primary organizations involved in nuclear power in IAEA Member States. The task was included in the IAEA's programmes for 1993/1994 and 1995/1996. In March 1993, the IAEA organized a Technical Committee meeting to discuss the establishment of country data ''profiles'', to define the information to be included in the profiles and to review the information already available in the IAEA. Two expert meetings were convened in November 1994 to provide guidance to the IAEA on the establishment of the country nuclear profiles, on the structure and content of the profiles, and on the preparation of the publication and the electronic database. In June 1995, an Advisory Group meeting provided the IAEA with comprehensive guidance on the establishment and dissemination of an information package on industrial and organizational aspects of nuclear power to be included in the profiles. The group of experts recommended that the profiles focus on the overall economic, energy and electricity situation in the country and on its nuclear power industrial structure and organizational framework. In its first release, the compilation would cover all countries with operating power plants by the end of 1995. It was also recommended to further promote information exchange on the lessons learned from the countries engaged in nuclear programmes. For the preparation of this publication, the IAEA received contributions from the 29 countries operating nuclear power plants and Italy. A database has been implemented and the profiles are supporting programmatic needs within the IAEA; it is expected that the database will be publicly accessible in the future

  7. Economics of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bupp, I.C.; Derian, J.C.; Donsimoni, M.P.; Treitel, R.

    1975-01-01

    Present trends in nuclear reactor costs are interpreted as the economic result of a fundamental debate regarding the social acceptability of nuclear power. Rising capital costs for nuclear power plants are evaluated through statistical analysis of time-related factors, characteristics of licensing and construction costs, physical characteristics of reactors, and geographic and site-related factors. Conclusions are drawn regarding the impact of social acceptability on reactor costs, engineering estimates of future costs, and the possibility of increased potential relative competitiveness for coal-fueled plants. 7 references. (U.S.)

  8. The reality of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murphy, D.

    1979-01-01

    The following matters are discussed in relation to the nuclear power programmes in USA and elsewhere: siting of nuclear power plants in relation to a major geological fault; public attitudes to nuclear power; plutonium, radioactive wastes and transfrontier contamination; radiation and other hazards; economics of nuclear power; uranium supply; fast breeder reactors; insurance of nuclear facilities; diversion of nuclear materials and weapons proliferation; possibility of manufacture of nuclear weapons by developing countries; possibility of accidents on nuclear power plants in developing countries; radiation hazards from use of uranium ore tailings; sociological alternative to use of nuclear power. (U.K.)

  9. NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, J.C.; Armstrong, R.H.; Janicke, M.J.

    1963-05-14

    A nuclear power plant for use in an airless environment or other environment in which cooling is difficult is described. The power plant includes a boiling mercury reactor, a mercury--vapor turbine in direct cycle therewith, and a radiator for condensing mercury vapor. (AEC)

  10. Nuclear power prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Staebler, K.

    1994-01-01

    The technical, economic and political prospects of nuclear power are described with regard to ecological aspects. The consensus talks, which failed in spite of the fact that they were stripped of emotional elements and in spite of major concessions on the part of the power industry, are discussed with a view to the political and social conditions. (orig.) [de

  11. The nuclear power alternative

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blix, H.

    1989-04-01

    The Director General of the IAEA stressed the need for energy policies and other measures which would help to slow and eventually halt the present build-up of carbon dioxide, methane and other so-called greenhouse gases, which are held to cause global warming. He urged that nuclear power and various other sources of energy, none of which contribute to global warming, should not be seen as alternatives, but should all be used to counteract the greenhouse effect. He pointed out that the commercially used renewable energies, apart from hydropower, currently represent only 0.3% of the world's energy consumption and, by contrast, the 5% of the world's energy consumption coming from nuclear power is not insignificant. Dr. Blix noted that opposition for nuclear power stems from fear of accidents and concern about the nuclear wastes. But no generation of electricity, whether by coal, hydro, gas or nuclear power, is without some risk. He emphasized that safety can never be a static concept, and that many new measures are being taken by governments and by the IAEA to further strengthen the safety of nuclear power

  12. Future nuclear power generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mosbah, D.S.; Nasreddine, M.

    2006-01-01

    The book includes an introduction then it speaks about the options to secure sources of energy, nuclear power option, nuclear plants to generate energy including light-water reactors (LWR), heavy-water reactors (HWR), advanced gas-cooled reactors (AGR), fast breeder reactors (FBR), development in the manufacture of reactors, fuel, uranium in the world, current status of nuclear power generation, economics of nuclear power, nuclear power and the environment and nuclear power in the Arab world. A conclusion at the end of the book suggests the increasing demand for energy in the industrialized countries and in a number of countries that enjoy special and economic growth such as China and India pushes the world to search for different energy sources to insure the urgent need for current and anticipated demand in the near and long-term future in light of pessimistic and optimistic outlook for energy in the future. This means that states do a scientific and objective analysis of the currently available data for the springboard to future plans to secure the energy required to support economy and welfare insurance.

  13. Physics and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buttery, N E

    2008-01-01

    Nuclear power owes its origin to physicists. Fission was demonstrated by physicists and chemists and the first nuclear reactor project was led by physicists. However as nuclear power was harnessed to produce electricity the role of the engineer became stronger. Modern nuclear power reactors bring together the skills of physicists, chemists, chemical engineers, electrical engineers, mechanical engineers and civil engineers. The paper illustrates this by considering the Sizewell B project and the role played by physicists in this. This covers not only the roles in design and analysis but in problem solving during the commissioning of first of a kind plant. Looking forward to the challenges to provide sustainable and environmentally acceptable energy sources for the future illustrates the need for a continuing synergy between physics and engineering. This will be discussed in the context of the challenges posed by Generation IV reactors

  14. Nuclear power in perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ringwood, A.E.

    1980-01-01

    The nuclear power debate hinges upon three major issues: radioactive waste disposal, reactor safety and proliferation. An alternative strategy for waste disposal is advocated which involves disposing of the radwaste (immobilized in SYNROC, a titanate ceramic waste form) in deep (4 km) drill-holes widely dispersed throughout the entire country. It is demonstrated that this strategy possesses major technical (safety) advantages over centralized, mined repositories. The comparative risks associated with coal-fired power generation and with the nuclear fuel cycle have been evaluated by many scientists, who conclude that nuclear power is far less hazardous. Considerable improvements in reactor design and safety are readily attainable. The nuclear industry should be obliged to meet these higher standards. The most hopeful means of limiting proliferation lies in international agreements, possibly combined with international monitoring and control of key segments of the fuel cycle, such as reprocessing

  15. LDC nuclear power: Egypt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Selim, M.E.S.

    1982-01-01

    This chapter reviews the evolution of Egypt's nuclear program, the major factors that influenced the successive series of nuclear decisions, and the public debate over the far-reaching program attempted by the late President Anwar El-Sadat. Egypt's program is important, not only because it was the first Arab country to enter the nuclear age, but because it is an ambitious program that includes the installation of eight reactors at a time when many countries are reducing their commitment to nuclear power. Major obstacles remain in terms of human, organizational, and natural resource constraints. 68 references, 1 table

  16. Nuclear power economics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Emsley, Ian; Cobb, Jonathan [World Nuclear Association, London (United Kingdom)

    2017-04-15

    Many countries recognize the substantial role which nuclear power has played in providing energy security of supply, reducing import dependence and reducing greenhouse gas and polluting emissions. Nevertheless, as such considerations are far from being fully accounted for in liberalized or deregulated power markets, nuclear plants must demonstrate their viability in these markets on commercial criteria as well as their lifecycle advantages. Nuclear plants are operating more efficiently than in the past and unit operating costs are low relative to those of alternative generating technologies. The political risk facing the economic functioning of nuclear in a number of countries has increased with the imposition of nuclear-specific taxes that in some cases have deprived operators of the economic incentive to continue to operate existing plants.

  17. Nuclear power economics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Emsley, Ian; Cobb, Jonathan

    2017-01-01

    Many countries recognize the substantial role which nuclear power has played in providing energy security of supply, reducing import dependence and reducing greenhouse gas and polluting emissions. Nevertheless, as such considerations are far from being fully accounted for in liberalized or deregulated power markets, nuclear plants must demonstrate their viability in these markets on commercial criteria as well as their lifecycle advantages. Nuclear plants are operating more efficiently than in the past and unit operating costs are low relative to those of alternative generating technologies. The political risk facing the economic functioning of nuclear in a number of countries has increased with the imposition of nuclear-specific taxes that in some cases have deprived operators of the economic incentive to continue to operate existing plants.

  18. Nuclear power in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kishida, J.

    1990-01-01

    The Japanese movement against nuclear energy reached a climax in its upsurge in 1988 two years after the Chernobyl accident. At the outset of that year, this trend was triggered by the government acknowledgement that the Tokyo market was open to foods contaminated by the fallout from Chernobyl. Anti-nuclear activists played an agitating role and many housewives were persuaded to join them. Among many public opinion surveys conducted at that time by newspapers and broadcasting networks, I would like to give you some figures of results from the poll carried out by NHK: Sixty percent of respondents said that nuclear power 'should be promoted', either 'vigorously' 7 or 'carefully' 53%). Sixty-six percent doubted the 'safety of nuclear power', describing it as either 'very dangerous' 20%) or 'rather dangerous' (46%). Only 27% said it was 'safe'. In other words, those who acknowledged the need for nuclear power were almost equal in number with those who found it dangerous. What should these figures be taken to mean? I would take note of the fact that nearly two-thirds of valid responses were in favor of nuclear power even at the time when public opinion reacted most strongly to the impact of the Chernobyl accident. This apparently indicates that the majority of the Japanese people are of the opinion that they would 'promote nuclear power though it is dangerous' or that they would 'promote it, but with the understanding that it is dangerous'. But the anti-nuclear movement is continuing. It remains a headache for both the government and the electric utilities. But we can regard the anti-nuclear movement in Japan as not so serious as that faced by other industrial nations

  19. Nuclear power in Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kishida, J [Japan Research Institute, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1990-07-01

    The Japanese movement against nuclear energy reached a climax in its upsurge in 1988 two years after the Chernobyl accident. At the outset of that year, this trend was triggered by the government acknowledgement that the Tokyo market was open to foods contaminated by the fallout from Chernobyl. Anti-nuclear activists played an agitating role and many housewives were persuaded to join them. Among many public opinion surveys conducted at that time by newspapers and broadcasting networks, I would like to give you some figures of results from the poll carried out by NHK: Sixty percent of respondents said that nuclear power 'should be promoted', either 'vigorously' 7 or 'carefully' 53%). Sixty-six percent doubted the 'safety of nuclear power', describing it as either 'very dangerous' 20%) or 'rather dangerous' (46%). Only 27% said it was 'safe'. In other words, those who acknowledged the need for nuclear power were almost equal in number with those who found it dangerous. What should these figures be taken to mean? I would take note of the fact that nearly two-thirds of valid responses were in favor of nuclear power even at the time when public opinion reacted most strongly to the impact of the Chernobyl accident. This apparently indicates that the majority of the Japanese people are of the opinion that they would 'promote nuclear power though it is dangerous' or that they would 'promote it, but with the understanding that it is dangerous'. But the anti-nuclear movement is continuing. It remains a headache for both the government and the electric utilities. But we can regard the anti-nuclear movement in Japan as not so serious as that faced by other industrial nations.

  20. Steps to nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1975-01-01

    The recent increase in oil prices will undoubtedly cause the pace at which nuclear power is introduced in developing countries to quicken in the next decade, with many new countries beginning to plan nuclear power programmes. The guidebook is intended for senior government officials, policy makers, economic and power planners, educationalists and economists. It assumes that the reader has relatively little knowledge of nuclear power systems or of nuclear physics but does have a general technical or management background. Nuclear power is described functionally from the point of view of an alternative energy source in power system expansion. The guidebook is based on an idealized approach. Variations on it are naturally possible and will doubtless be necessary in view of the different organizational structures that already exist in different countries. In particular, some countries may prefer an approach with a stronger involvement of their Atomic Energy Commission or Authority, for which this guidebook has foreseen mainly a regulatory and licensing role. It is intended to update this booklet as more experience becomes available. Supplementary guidebooks will be prepared on certain major topics, such as contracting for fuel supply and fuel cycle requirements, which the present book does not go into very deeply

  1. Nuclear power generating costs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Srinivasan, M.R.; Kati, S.L.; Raman, R.; Nanjundeswaran, K.; Nadkarny, G.V.; Verma, R.S.; Mahadeva Rao, K.V.

    1983-01-01

    Indian experience pertaining to investment and generation costs of nuclear power stations is reviewed. The causes of investment cost increases are analysed and the increases are apportioned to escalation, design improvements and safety related adders. The paper brings out the fact that PHWR investment costs in India compare favourably with those experienced in developed countries in spite of the fact that the programme and the unit size are relatively much smaller in India. It brings out that in India at current prices a nuclear power station located over 800 km from coal reserves and operating at 75% capacity factor is competitive with thermal power at 60% capacity factor. (author)

  2. Commercial nuclear power 1990

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-09-28

    This report presents the status at the end of 1989 and the outlook for commercial nuclear capacity and generation for all countries in the world with free market economies (FME). The report provides documentation of the US nuclear capacity and generation projections through 2030. The long-term projections of US nuclear capacity and generation are provided to the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) for use in estimating nuclear waste fund revenues and to aid in planning the disposal of nuclear waste. These projections also support the Energy Information Administration's annual report, Domestic Uranium Mining and Milling Industry: Viability Assessment, and are provided to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The foreign nuclear capacity projections are used by the DOE uranium enrichment program in assessing potential markets for future enrichment contracts. The two major sections of this report discuss US and foreign commercial nuclear power. The US section (Chapters 2 and 3) deals with (1) the status of nuclear power as of the end of 1989; (2) projections of nuclear capacity and generation at 5-year intervals from 1990 through 2030; and (3) a discussion of institutional and technical issues that affect nuclear power. The nuclear capacity projections are discussed in terms of two projection periods: the intermediate term through 2010 and the long term through 2030. A No New Orders case is presented for each of the projection periods, as well as Lower Reference and Upper Reference cases. 5 figs., 30 tabs.

  3. Nuclear power industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    This press dossier presented in Shanghai (China) in April 1999, describes first the activities of the Framatome group in the people's republic of China with a short presentation of the Daya Bay power plant and of the future Ling Ao project, and with a description of the technological cooperation with China in the nuclear domain (technology transfers, nuclear fuels) and in other industrial domains (mechanics, oil and gas, connectors, food and agriculture, paper industry etc..). The general activities of the Framatome group in the domain of energy (nuclear realizations in France, EPR project, export activities, nuclear services, nuclear fuels, nuclear equipments, industrial equipments) and of connectors engineering are presented in a second and third part with the 1998 performances. (J.S.)

  4. Abuse of nuclear power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hill, J [UKAEA

    1976-09-01

    This paper reproduces an address by Sir John Hill, Chairman of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, at a conference in London organised by the Financial Times in July 1976. Actions that, in the author's view, could be regarded as constituting abuse of nuclear power are first summarised, and the various aspects of the use and abuse of nuclear power are discussed. The author considers that achieving the maximum degree of acceptance of the Non-Proliferation Treaty is the most important political objective in nuclear power, but considers that nuclear terrorism would be abortive and that, so far as the UK is concerned, the present precautions are adequate and will remain so. It is considered that much abuse of nuclear power arises from the prevalence of its critics, particularly with reference to Pu hazards, the health of nuclear employees, and possible damage to the health of the public. The Pu problem is considered to be far more emotive than rational. The possibility of lung cancer and leukaemia is discussed. It is concluded that atomic energy is one of the best of industries in which to work, both from the health and interest points of view.

  5. Nuclear power plant safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Otway, H.J.

    1974-01-01

    Action at the international level will assume greater importance as the number of nuclear power plants increases, especially in the more densely populated parts of the world. Predictions of growth made prior to October 1973 [9] indicated that, by 1980, 14% of the electricity would be supplied by nuclear plants and by the year 2000 this figure would be about 50%. This will make the topic of international co-operation and standards of even greater importance. The IAEA has long been active in providing assistance to Member States in the siting design and operation of nuclear reactors. These activities have been pursued through advisory missions, the publication of codes of practice, guide books, technical reports and in arranging meetings to promote information exchange. During the early development of nuclear power, there was no well-established body of experience which would allow formulation of internationally acceptable safety criteria, except in a few special cases. Hence, nuclear power plant safety and reliability matters often received an ad hoc approach which necessarily entailed a lack of consistency in the criteria used and in the levels of safety required. It is clear that the continuation of an ad hoc approach to safety will prove inadequate in the context of a world-wide nuclear power industry, and the international trade which this implies. As in several other fields, the establishment of internationally acceptable safety standards and appropriate guides for use by regulatory bodies, utilities, designers and constructors, is becoming a necessity. The IAEA is presently planning the development of a comprehensive set of basic requirements for nuclear power plant safety, and the associated reliability requirements, which would be internationally acceptable, and could serve as a standard frame of reference for nuclear plant safety and reliability analyses

  6. Nuclear power in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beckurts, K.H.

    1985-01-01

    On the occasion of the retirement of the Editor-in-chief of 'atomwirtschaft', the author gave a keynote speech on the development of nuclear power in the Federal Republic of Germany at the headquarters of the Handelsblatt Verlag in Duesseldorf on October 30, 1984. He subdivided the period under discussion into five phases, the first of which comprises the 'founding years' of 1955 to 1960. This was the time when activities in nuclear research and nuclear technology in Germany, which were permitted again in mid-1955, began with the establishment of the national research centers, the first Atomic Power Program, the promulgation of the Atomic Energy Act, the foundation of government organizations, including the Federal Ministry for Atomic Energy, etc. In the second phase, between 1960 and 1970, a solid foundation was laid for the industrial peaceful uses of nuclear power in the construction of the first LWR experimental nuclear power stations, the first successful export contracts, the beginnings of the first nuclear fuel cycle plants, such as the WAK reprocessing plant, the Asse experimental repository, the Almelo agreement on centrifuge enrichment. The third phase, between 1970 and 1975, was a period of euphoria, full of programs and forecasts of a tremendous boom in nuclear generating capacities, which were further enhanced by the 1973 oil squeeze. In 1973 and 1974, construction permits for ten nuclear power plants were applied for. The fourth phase, between 1975 and 1980, became a period of crisis. The fifth phase, the eighties, give rise to hope for a return to reason. (orig./UA) [de

  7. Nuclear power safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-11-01

    This paper reports that since the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident in 1986, over 70 of the International Atomic Energy Agency's 112 member states have adopted two conventions to enhance international cooperation by providing timely notification of an accident and emergency assistance. The Agency and other international organizations also developed programs to improve nuclear power plant safety and minimize dangers from radioactive contamination. Despite meaningful improvements, some of the measures have limitations, and serious nuclear safety problems remain in the design and operation of the older, Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. The Agency's ability to select reactors under its operational safety review program is limited. Also, information on the extent and seriousness of safety-related incidents at reactors in foreign countries is not publicly available. No agreements exist among nuclear power countries to make compliance with an nuclear safety standards or principles mandatory. Currently, adherence to international safety standards or principles is voluntary and nonbinding. Some states support the concept of mandatory compliance, but others, including the United States, believe that mandatory compliance infringes on national sovereignty and that the responsibility for nuclear reactor safety remains with each nation

  8. Nuclear power's burdened future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flavin, C.

    1987-01-01

    Although governments of the world's leading nations are reiterating their faith in nuclear power, Chernobyl has brought into focus the public's overwhelming feeling that the current generation of nuclear technology is simple not working. Despite the drastic slowdown, however, the global nuclear enterprise is large. As of mid-1986, the world had 366 nuclear power plants in operation, with a generating capacity of 255,670 MW. These facilities generate about 15% of the world's electricity, ranging from 65% in France to 31% in West Germany, 23% in Japan, 16% in the United States, 10% in the Soviet Union, and non in most developing nations. Nuclear development is clearly dominated by the most economically powerful and technologically advanced nations. The United States, France, the Soviet Union, Japan, and West Germany has 72% of the world's generating capacity and set the international nuclear pace. The reasons for scaling back nuclear programs are almost as diverse as the countries themselves. High costs, slowing electricity demand growth, technical problems, mismanagement, and political opposition have all had an effect. Yet these various factors actually form a complex web of inter-related problems. For example, rising costs usually represent some combination of technical problems and mismanagement, and political opposition often occurs because of safety concerns or rising costs. 13 references

  9. Nuclear power: Europa report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2004-01-01

    Last year, 2003, nuclear power plants were available for energy supply, respectively, in 18 countries all over Europe. In 8 of the 15 member countries of the European Union (EU-15) nuclear power plants have been operation. In 7 of the 13 EU Candidate Countries (incl. Turkey) nuclear energy was used for power production. A total of 208 plants with an aggregate net capacity of 171 031 MWe and an aggregate gross capacity of 180 263 MWe were in operation at the end of 2003. No unit reached first criticality in 2003 or was connected to the grid. The unit Calder Hall 1 to Calder Hall 4 have been permanently shut down in Great Britain due to economical reasons and an earlier decision. In Germany the NPP Stade was closed. The utility E.ON has decided to shut down the plant due to the efforts of the liberalisation of the electricity markets. Last year, 8 plants were under construction in Romania (1), Russia (3), Slovakia (2 - suspended), and the Ukraine (2), that is only in East European Countries. The Finnish parliament approved plans for the construction of the country's fifth nuclear power reactor by a majority of 107 votes to 92. The consortium led by Framatome ANP was awarded the contract to build the new nuclear power plant (EPR, 1 600 MW) in Olkiluoto. In eight countries of the European Union 136 nuclear power plants have been operated with an aggregate gross capacity of 127 708 MWe and an aggregate net capacity of 121 709 MWe. Net electricity production in 2003 in the EU amounts to approx. 905 TWh gross, which means a share of about 33 per cent of the total production in the whole EU. Shares of nuclear power differ widely among the operator countries. They reach 80% in Lithuania, 78% in France, 57% in the Slovak Republic, 57% in Belgium, and 46% in the Ukraine. Nuclear power also provides a noticeable share in the electricity supply of countries, which operate no own nuclear power plants, e.g. Italy, Portugal, and Austria. (orig.)

  10. Nuclear power. Europe report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2002-01-01

    Last year, 2001, nuclear power plants were available for energy supply, respectively, in 18 countries all over Europe. In 8 of the 15 member countries of the European Union nuclear power plants have been in operation. In 7 of the 13 EU Candidate Countries nuclear energy was used for power production. A total of 216 plants with an aggregate net capacity of 171 802 MWe and an aggregate gross capacity of 181 212 MWe were in operation. One unit, i.e. Volgodonsk-1 in Russia went critical for the first time and started test operation after having been connected to the grid. Volgodonsk-1 adds about 1 000 MWe (gross) nd 953 MWe (net) to the electricity production capacity. The operator of the Muehlheim-Kaerlich NPP field an application to decommission and dismantle the plant; this plant was only 13 months in operation and has been shut down since 1988 for legal reasons. Last year, 10 plants were under construction in Romania (1), Russia (4), Slovakia (2), the Czech Republic (1) and the Ukraine (2), that is only in East European Countries. In eight countries of the European Union 143 nuclear power plants have been operated with an aggregate gross capacity of 128 758 MWe and an aggregate net capacity of 122 601 MWe. Net electricity production in 2001 in the EU amounts to approx. 880.3 TWh gross, which means a share of 33,1 per cent of the total production in the whole EU. Shares of nuclear power differ widely among the operator countries. The reach 75.6% in France, 74.2% in Lithuania, 58.2% in Belgium, 53.2% in the Slovak Republic, and 47.4% in the Ukraine. Nuclear power also provides a noticeable share in the electricity supply of countries, which operate no own nuclear power plants, e.g. Italy, Portugal, and Austria. On May 24th, 2002 the Finnish Parliament voted for the decision in principle to build a fifth nuclear power plant in the country. This launches the next stage in the nuclear power plant project. The electric output of the plant unit will be 1000-1600 MW

  11. France without nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barre, B.; Charmant, A.; Devezeaux, J.G.; Ladoux, N.; Vielle, M.

    1995-01-01

    As environmental issues (particularly questions associated with the greenhouse effect) become a matter of increasing current concern, the French nuclear power programme can, in retrospect, be seen to have had a highly positive impact upon emissions of atmospheric pollutants. The most spectacular effect of this programme was the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions from 530 million tonnes per annum in 1973 to 387 million tonnes per annum today. Obviously, this result cannot be considered in isolation from the economic consequences of the nuclear power programme, which have been highly significant.The most obvious consequence of nuclear power has been the production of cheap electricity, while a further consequence has been the stability of electricity prices resulting from the increasing self-sufficiency of France in energy supplies (from 22% in 1973 to 49.% in 1992). Moreover, French nuclear industry exports. In 1993, 61.7 TW·h from nuclear production were exported, which contributed F.Fr. 14.2 billion to the credit side of the balance of payment. For the same year, Framatome exports are assessed at about F.Fr. 2 billion, corresponding to manufacturing and erection of heavy components, and maintenance services. Cogema, the French nuclear fuel operator, sold nuclear materials and services for F.Fr. 9.3 billion. Thus, nuclear activities contributed more than F.Fr. 25 billion to the balance of payment. Therefore, a numerical assessment of the macroeconomic impact of the nuclear power programme is essential for any accurate evaluation of the environmental consequences of that programme. For this assessment, which is presented in the paper, the Micro-Melodie macroeconomic and energy supply model developed by the Commissariat a l'energie atomique has been used. (author). 6 refs, 4 figs, 1 tab

  12. Nuclear Power after Fukushima

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bigot, B.

    2011-01-01

    On 11 March 2011 Japan suffered an earthquake of very high magnitude, followed by a tsunami that left thousands dead in the Sendai region, the main consequence of which was a major nuclear disaster at the Fukushima power station. The accident ranked at the highest level of severity on the international scale of nuclear events, making it the biggest since Chernobyl in 1986. It is still impossible to gauge the precise scope of the consequences of the disaster, but it has clearly given rise to the most intense renewed debates on the nuclear issue. Futuribles echoes this in the 'Forum' feature of this summer issue which is entirely devoted to energy questions. Bernard Bigot, chief executive officer of the technological research organization CEA, looks back on the Fukushima disaster and what it changes (or does not change) so far as the use of nuclear power is concerned, particularly in France. After recalling the lessons of earlier nuclear disasters, which led to the development of the third generation of power stations, he reminds us of the currently uncontested need to free ourselves from dependence on fossil fuels, which admittedly involves increased use of renewables, but can scarcely be envisaged without nuclear power. Lastly, where the Fukushima disaster is concerned, Bernard Bigot shows how it was, in his view, predominantly the product of a management error, from which lessons must be drawn to improve the safety conditions of existing or projected power stations and enable the staff responsible to deliver the right response as quickly as possible when an accident occurs. In this context and given France's high level of dependence on nuclear power, the level of use of this energy source ought not to be reduced on account of the events of March 2011. (author)

  13. France without nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charmant, A.; Devezeaux, J.G.; Ladoux, N.; Vielle, M.

    1991-01-01

    As coal production declined and France found herself in a condition of energy dependency, the country decided to turn to nuclear power and a major construction program was undertaken in 1970. The consequences of this step are examined in this article, by imagining where France would be without its nuclear power. At the end of the sixties, fuel-oil incontestably offered the cheapest way of producing electricity; but the first petroleum crisis was to upset the order of economic performance, and coal then became the more attractive fuel. The first part of this article therefore presents coal as an alternative to nuclear power, describing the coal scenario first and then comparing the relative costs of nuclear and coal investment strategies and operating costs (the item that differs most is the price of the fuel). The second part of the article analyzes the consequences this would have on the electrical power market, from the supply and demand point of view, and in terms of prices. The third part of the article discusses the macro-economic consequences of such a step: the drop in the level of energy dependency, increased costs and the disappearance of electricity exports. The article ends with an analysis of the environmental consequences, which are of greater and greater concern today. The advantage here falls very much in favor of nuclear power, if we judge by the lesser emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and especially carbon dioxide. 22 refs.; 13 figs.; 10 tabs

  14. Reviewing nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robinson, Colin

    1990-01-01

    The UK government has proposed a review of the prospects for nuclear power as the Sizewell B pressurized water reactor project nears completion in 1994. However, a delay in the completion of Sizewell B or a change of government could put off the review for some years beyond the mid 1990s. Anticipating, though, that such a review will eventually take place, issues which it should consider are addressed. Three broad categories of possible benefit claimed for nuclear power are examined. These are that nuclear power contributes to the security of energy supply, that it provides protection against long run fossil fuel price increases and that it is a means of mitigating the greenhouse effect. Arguments are presented which cost doubt over the reality of these benefits. Even if these benefits could be demonstrated, they would have to be set against the financial, health and accident costs attendant on nuclear power. It is concluded that the case may be made that nuclear power imposes net costs on society that are not justified by the net benefits conferred. Some comments are made on how a government review, if and when it takes place, should be conducted. (UK)

  15. Editorial | Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Machado

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Galáxia chega ao seu segundo número. Passada a cerimônia de batismo, é hora de enfrentar a não menos difí­cil tarefa de garantir a consolidação de seu perfil editorial na área de sua competência cientí­fica. Espera-se que os leitores de Galáxia - ou, quem sabe?, seus futuros colaboradores - estejam cada vez mais esclarecidos sobre a opção pela diversidade, tanto aquela que diz respeito à transdisciplinaridade, quanto aquela que acolhe a variedade temática, base da linha editorial que desenhou esse projeto. Concebida como uma constelação - que se explicita na escolha do nome, no design gráfico, nas articulações das áreas envolvidas - Galáxia não se enquadra no perfil das revistas temáticas que se fecham em torno de uma única questão ou de um mesmo objeto, compilando sobre eles os vários pontos de vista ou seus desdobramentos possí­veis. Isso não quer dizer que não haja nela espaço para esse tipo de encaminhamento. Na verdade, Galáxia procurou desenhar um lugar - as sessões - em função dos gêneros que reúnem um conjunto diferenciado de abordagens, assegurando, assim, a transdisciplinaridade. Para os ensaios temáticos projetou o Fórum; para os textos analí­ticos, a sessão Artigos. Notí­cias, Projetos, Diálogos, Entrevistas e outros gêneros que possam ser incorporados no futuro definem as sessões que tanto podem estar centradas num único tema quanto abertas para explorações diversificadas. Cada uma, a seu modo, oscila entre o caráter ensaí­stico, a análise aplicada ou experimentação crí­tico-criativa. Neste segundo número, a seção Fórum acolheu dois ensaios que enfrentam a difí­cil tarefa de explicitar não só a essência como também o caráter da abordagem semiótica para a compreensão e análise da comunicação polí­tica. Eric Landowski e Gianfranco Marrone desenvolvem, à luz da sociossemiótica, um diálogo estreito sobre a natureza dos próprios regimes de sentido e

  16. The politics of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elliott, D.

    1978-01-01

    The contents of the book are: introduction; (part 1, the economy of nuclear power) nuclear power and the growth of state corporatism, ownership and control - the power of the multi-nationals, economic and political goals - profit or control, trade union policy and nuclear power; (part 2, nuclear power and employment) nuclear power and workers' health and safety, employment and trade union rights, jobs, energy and industrial strategy, the alternative energy option; (part 3, political strategies) the anti-nuclear movement, trade unions and nuclear power; further reading; UK organisations. (U.K.)

  17. Nuclear power and other energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Doederlein, J.M.

    1975-01-01

    A comparison is made between nuclear power plants, gas-fuelled thermal power plants and oil-fired thermal power plants with respect to health factors, economy, environment and resource exploitation, with special reference to the choice of power source to supplement Norwegian hydroelectric power. Resource considerations point clearly to nuclear power, but, while nuclear power has an overall economic advantage, the present economic situation makes its heavy capital investment a disadvantage. It is maintained that nuclear power represents a smaller environmental threat than oil or gas power. Finally, statistics are given showing that nuclear power involves smaller fatality risks for the population than many other hazards accepted without question. (JIW)

  18. Nuclear power production costs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Erramuspe, H.J.

    1988-01-01

    The economic competitiveness of nuclear power in different highly developed countries is shown, by reviewing various international studies made on the subject. Generation costs (historical values) of Atucha I and Embalse Nuclear Power Plants, which are of the type used in those countries, are also included. The results of an international study on the economic aspects of the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle are also reviewed. This study shows its relatively low incidence in the generation costs. The conclusion is that if in Argentina the same principles of economic racionality were followed, nuclear energy would be economically competitive in the future, as it is today. This is of great importance in view of its almost unavoidable character of alternative source of energy, and specially since we have to expect an important growth in the consumption of electricity, due to its low share in the total consumption of energy, and the low energy consumption per capita in Argentina. (Author) [es

  19. Environment and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1994-01-01

    Aimed at the general public this leaflet, one of a series prepared by AEA Technology, on behalf of the British Nuclear Industry Forum, seeks to put the case for generating electricity to meet United Kingdom and world demand using nuclear power. It examines the environmental problems linked to the use of fossil-fuels in power stations and other uses, such as the Greenhouse Effect. Problems associated with excess carbon dioxide emissions are also discussed, such as acid rain, the effects of deforestation and lead in petrol. The role of renewable energy sources is mentioned briefly. The leaflet also seeks to reassure on issues such as nuclear waste managements and the likelihood and effects of nuclear accidents. (UK)

  20. Thai Nuclear Power Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Namwong, Ratanachai

    2011-01-01

    The Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), the main power producer in Thailand, was first interested in nuclear power as an electricity option in 1967 when the electricity demand increased considerably for the first time as a result of the economic and industrial growth. Its viability had been assessed several times during the early seventies in relation to the changing factors. Finally in the late 1970s, the proceeding with nuclear option was suspended for a variety of reasons, for instance, public opposition, economic repercussion and the uncovering of the indigenous petroleum resources. Nonetheless, EGAT continued to maintain a core of nuclear expertise. During 1980s, faced with dwindling indigenous fossil fuel resources and restrictions on the use of further hydro as an energy source, EGAT had essentially reconsidered introducing nuclear power plants to provide a significant fraction to the long term future electricity demand. The studies on feasibility, siting and environmental impacts were conducted. However, the project was never implemented due to economics crisis in 1999 and strong opposition by environmentalists and activists groups. The 1986 Chernobyl disaster was an important cause. After a long dormant period, the nuclear power is now reviewed as one part of the solution for future energy supply in the country. Thailand currently relies on natural gas for 70 percent of its electricity, with the rest coming from oil, coal and hydro-power. One-third of the natural gas consumed in Thailand is imported, mainly from neighbouring Myanmar. According to Power Development Plan (PDP) 2007 rev.2, the total installed electricity capacity will increase from 28,530.3 MW in 2007 to 44,281 MW by the end of plan in 2021. Significantly increasing energy demand, concerns over climate change and dependence on overseas supplies of fossil fuels, all turn out in a favor of nuclear power. Under the current PDP (as revised in 2009), two 1,000- megawatt nuclear

  1. Nuclear Power Plants (Rev.)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lyerly, Ray L.; Mitchell III, Walter [Southern Nuclear Engineering, Inc.

    1973-01-01

    Projected energy requirements for the future suggest that we must employ atomic energy to generate electric power or face depletion of our fossil-fuel resources—coal, oil, and gas. In short, both conservation and economic considerations will require us to use nuclear energy to generate the electricity that supports our civilization. Until we reach the time when nuclear power plants are as common as fossil-fueled or hydroelectric plants, many people will wonder how the nuclear plants work, how much they cost, where they are located, and what kinds of reactors they use. The purpose of this booklet is to answer these questions. In doing so, it will consider only central station plants, which are those that provide electric power for established utility systems.

  2. Pulsed nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    David, C.V.

    1986-01-01

    This patent describes a nuclear power plant. This power plant consists of: 1.) a cavity; 2.) a detonatable nuclear device in a central region of the cavity; 3.) a working fluid inside of the cavity; 4.) a method to denote a nuclear device inside of the cavity; 5.) a mechanical projection from an interior wall of the cavity for recoiling to absorb a shock wave produced by the detonation of the nuclear device and thereby protecting the cavity from damage. A plurality of segments defines a shell within the cavity and a plurality of shock absorbers, each connecting a corresponding segment to a corresponding location on the wall of the cavity. Each of these shock absorbers regulate the recoil action of the segments; and 6.) means for permitting controlled extraction of a quantity of hot gases from the cavity produced by the vaporization of the working fluid upon detonation of the nuclear device. A method of generating power is also described. This method consists of: 1.) introducing a quantity of water in an underground cavity; 2.) heating the water in the cavity to form saturated steam; 3.) detonating a nuclear device at a central location inside the cavity; 4.) recoiling plate-like elements inside the cavity away from the central location in a mechanically regulated and controlled manner to absorb a shock wave produced by the nuclear device detonation and thereby protect the underground cavity against damage; 5.) extracting a quantity of superheated steam produced by the detonation of the nuclear device; and 6.) Converting the energy in the extracted superheated steam into electrical power

  3. Misunderstanding nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tombs, F.

    1981-01-01

    The inaugural lecture of Sir Francis Tombs as newly installed President of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, on the reasons for the widely differing perceptions of opposing factions in the nuclear debate, is reviewed with extensive quotations. The lecturer pointed out that development of nuclear power as an energy source requires the consent of the majority and the uncommitted must be persuaded to spend the time necessary to understand the issues and to evaluate the arguments in an objective way. (U.K.)

  4. Nuclear power in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schaefer, A.

    1990-01-01

    I want to give some ideas on the situation of public and utility acceptance of nuclear power in the Federal Republic of Germany and perhaps a little bit on Europe. Let me start with public perception. I think in Germany we have a general trend in the public perception of technology during the last decade that has been investigated in a systematic manner in a recent study. It is clear that the general acceptance of technology decreased substantially during the last twenty years. We can also observe during this time that aspects of the benefits of technology are much less reported in the media, that most reporting by the media now is related to the consequences of technologies, such as negative environmental consequences. hat development has led to a general opposition against new technological projects, in particular unusual and large. That trend is related not only to nuclear power, we see it also for new airports, trains, coal-fired plants. here is almost no new technological project in Germany where there is not very strong opposition against it, at least locally. What is the current public opinion concerning nuclear power? Nuclear power certainly received a big shock after Chernobyl, but actually, about two thirds of the German population wants to keep the operating plants running. Some people want to phase the plants out as they reach the end-of-life, some want to substitute newer nuclear technology, and a smaller part want to increase the use of nuclear power. But only a minority of the German public would really like to abandon nuclear energy

  5. Editorial Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz Aidar Prado

    2008-11-01

    enquanto abrigo de representações e sentidos. Julio Pinto (PUC-MG e Patrícia Moran (UFMG examinam a improvisação audiovisual dos VJs e sua poética imagética que incorpora imagens-clichê. A diversidade dos textos apresentados acolhe, em gradações variadas, o debate entre tendências que realçam a contribuição das tecnociências e/ou do contexto histórico, social e político, com ênfase que recai ora nas acelerações do contemporâneo ora na resistência da memória cultural. Dois livros são comentados nas Resenhas. O livro de Janice Caiafa, Aventura das cidades, é apresentado por Angela Prysthon, abordando as experiências comunicacionais nas metrópoles urbanas segundo pesquisas etnográficas. O outro livro, resenhado por Giovandro Ferreira, é organizado por Antônio Fausto Neto, com título Os mundos da mídia, e examina os textos midiáticos pelas análises do discurso. José Luiz Aidar Prado e Amálio Pinheiro Comissão Editorial

  6. Guest Editorial Special Issue on Power Quality in Smart Grids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guerrero, Josep M.

    2017-01-01

    -healing from power disturbances, efficient energy management, automation based on ICT and advanced metering infrastructures (smart metering), integration of distributed power generation, renewable energy resources and storage units as well as high power quality and reliability. In this regard, the concept...

  7. Nuclear power: Europe report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2000-01-01

    Last year, 1999, nuclear power plants were available for energy supply, respectively, in 18 countries all over Europe. In eight of the fifteen member countries of the European Union nuclear power plants have been in operation. A total of 218 plants with an aggregate net capacity of 181,120 MWe and an aggregate gross capacity of 171,802 MWe were in operation. Two units, i.e. Civaux 2 in France and Mochovce-2 in Slovakia went critical for the first time and started commercial operation after having been connected to the grid. Three further units in France, Chooz 1 and 2 and Civaux 1, started commercial operation in 1999 after the completion of technical measures in the primary circuit. Last year, 13 plants were under construction in Romania, Russia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, that is only in East European countries. In eight countries of the European Union 146 nuclear power plants have been operated with an aggregate gross capacity of 129.772 MWe and an aggregate net capacity of 123.668 MWe. Net electricity production in 1999 in the EU amounts to approx. 840.2 TWh, which means a share of 35 per cent of the total production. Shares of nuclear power differ widely among the operator countries. They reach 75 per cent in France, 73 per cent in Lithuania, 58 per cent in Belgium and 47 per cent in Bulgaria, Sweden and Slovakia. Nuclear power also provides a noticeable share in the electricity supply of countries, which operate no own nuclear power plants, e.g. Italy, Portugal and Austria. (orig.) [de

  8. Nuclear power: Europe report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2001-01-01

    Last year, 2000, nuclear power plants were available for energy supply, respectively, in 18 countries all over Europe. In eight of the fifteen member countries of the European Union nuclear power plants have been in operation. A total of 218 plants with an aggregate net capacity of 172 259 MWe and an aggregate gross capacity of 181 642 MWe were in operation (31.12.2000; 215 plants, 180 067 MWe (gross), 172 259 MWe (net)). One unit, i.e. Temelin in the Czech Republic went critical for the first time and started test operation after having been connected to the grid. Temelin adds about 981 MWe (gross) and 912 MWe (net) to the electricity production capacity. Three units, Hinkley Point A1 and A2 in United Kingdom, and Chernobyl 3 in the Ukraine have been shut down during the year 2000. This means a loss of 1534 MWe gross capacity and 1420 MWe net capacity. Last year, 12 plants (31.12.2000: 11 plants) were under construction in Romania, Russia, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and the Ukraine, that is only in east european countries. In eight countries of the European Union 146 nuclear power plants have been operated with an aggregate gross capacity of 129 188 MWe and an aggregate net capacity of 123 061 MWe (31.12.2000: 144 plants, 128 613 MWe (gross), 122 627 MWe (net)). Net electricity production in 2000 in the EU amounts to approx. 818.8 TWh, which means a share of 35 per cent of the total production in the whole EU. Shares of nuclear power differ widely among the operator countries. The reach 76 per cent in France, 74 per cent in Lithuania, 57 per cent in Belgium and 47 per cent in the Ukraine. Nuclear power also provides an noticeable share in the electricity supply of countries, which operate no own nuclear power plants, e. g. Italy, Portugal and Austria. (orig.) [de

  9. How nuclear power began

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gowing, M.

    1987-01-01

    Many of the features of the story of nuclear power, both in nuclear weapons and nuclear power stations, derive from their timing. Usually, in the history of science the precise timing of discovery does not make much difference, but in the case of nuclear fission there was the coincidence that crucial discoveries were made and openly published in the same year, 1939, as the outbreak of the Second World War. It is these events of the 1930s and the early post-war era that are mainly discussed. However, the story began a lot earlier and even in the early 1900s the potential power within the atom had been foreseen by Soddy and Rutherford. In the 1930s Enrico Fermi and his team saw the technological importance of their discoveries and took out a patent on their process to produce artificial radioactivity from slow neutron beams. The need for secrecy because of the war, and the personal trusts and mistrusts run through the story of nuclear power. (UK)

  10. Nuclear power safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1988-01-01

    The International Atomic Energy Agency, the organization concerned with worldwide nuclear safety has produced two international conventions to provide (1) prompt notification of nuclear accidents and (2) procedures to facilitate mutual assistance during an emergency. IAEA has also expanded operational safety review team missions, enhanced information exchange on operational safety events at nuclear power plants, and planned a review of its nuclear safety standards to ensure that they include the lessons learned from the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident. However, there appears to be a nearly unanimous belief among IAEA members that may attempt to impose international safety standards verified by an international inspection program would infringe on national sovereignty. Although several Western European countries have proposed establishing binding safety standards and inspections, no specific plant have been made; IAEA's member states are unlikely to adopt such standards and an inspection program

  11. Nuclear power and physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xu Mi

    2006-01-01

    During the 30s and 40s of the last century atomic physicists discovered the fission of uranium nuclei bombarded by neutrons and realized the first self-sustaining controlled fission chain reaction, which ushered in the atomic age. After 50 years of electricity production, in 2003 nuclear power plants were generating 16% of the total electricity in the world. Of these, thermal neutron reactors make up over 99%. For the large scale production of nuclear power, say up to hundreds of GWe, it is very important to speed up the development and deployment of fast breeder reactors to avoid the future lack of uranium resources. (authors)

  12. Nuclear power plants maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1988-01-01

    Nuclear power plants maintenance now appears as an important factor contributing to the competitivity of nuclea energy. The articles published in this issue describe the way maintenance has been organized in France and how it led to an actual industrial activity developing and providing products and services. An information note about Georges Besse uranium enrichment plant (Eurodif) recalls that maintenance has become a main data not only for power plants but for all nuclear industry installations. (The second part of this dossier will be published in the next issue: vol. 1 January-February 1989) [fr

  13. Nuclear power safety economics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Legasov, V.A.; Demin, V.F.; Shevelev, Ya.V.

    1984-01-01

    The existing conceptual and methodical basis for the decision-making process insuring safety of the nuclear power and other (industrial and non-industrial) human activities is critically analyzed. Necessity of development a generalized economic safety analysis method (GESAM) is shown. Its purpose is justifying safety measures. Problems of GESAM development are considered including the problem of costing human risk. A number of suggestions on solving them are given. Using the discounting procedure in the assessment of risk or detriment caused by harmful impact on human health is substantiated. Examples of analyzing some safety systems in the nuclear power and other spheres of human activity are given

  14. Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    The Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) is located in Zarechny, approximately 60 km east of Ekaterinberg along the Trans-Siberian Highway. Zarechny, a small city of approximately 30,000 residents, was built to support BNPP operations. It is a closed city to unescorted visitors. Residents must show identification for entry. BNPP is one of the first and oldest commercial nuclear power plants in Russia and began operations in 1964. As for most nuclear power plants in the Russian Federation, BNPP is operated by Rosenergoatom, which is subordinated to the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation (Minatom). BNPP is the site of three nuclear reactors, Units 1, 2, and 3. Units 1 and 2, which have been shut-down and defueled, were graphite moderated reactors. The units were shut-down in 1981 and 1989. Unit 3, a BN-600 reactor, is a 600 MW(electric) sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor. Unit 3 went on-line in April 1980 and produces electric power which is fed into a distribution grid and thermal power which provides heat to Zarechny. The paper also discusses the SF NIKIET, the Sverdiovsk Branch of NIKIET, Moscow, which is the research and development branch of the parent NIKEIT and is primarily a design institute responsible for reactor design. Central to its operations is a 15 megawatt IVV research reactor. The paper discusses general security and fissile material control and accountability at these two facilities

  15. Nuclear power plant decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yaziz Yunus

    1986-01-01

    A number of issues have to be taken into account before the introduction of any nuclear power plant in any country. These issues include reactor safety (site and operational), waste disposal and, lastly, the decommissioning of the reactor inself. Because of the radioactive nature of the components, nuclear power plants require a different approach to decommission compared to other plants. Until recently, issues on reactor safety and waste disposal were the main topics discussed. As for reactor decommissioning, the debates have been academic until now. Although reactors have operated for 25 years, decommissioning of retired reactors has simply not been fully planned. But the Shippingport Atomic Power Plant in Pennysylvania, the first large scale power reactor to be retired, is now being decommissioned. The work has rekindled the debate in the light of reality. Outside the United States, decommissioning is also being confronted on a new plane. (author)

  16. Nuclear power and modern society

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Komarek, A.

    1999-01-01

    A treatise consisting of the following sections: Development of modern society (Origin of modern society; Industrial society; The year 1968; Post-industrial society; Worldwide civic society); Historic breaks in the development of the stationary power sector (Stationary thermal power; Historic breaks in the development of nuclear power); Czech nuclear power engineering in the globalization era (Major causes of success of Czech nuclear power engineering; Future of Czech nuclear power engineering). (P.A.)

  17. Power generation by nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bacher, P.

    2004-01-01

    Nuclear power plays an important role in the world, European (33%) and French (75%) power generation. This article aims at presenting in a synthetic way the main reactor types with their respective advantages with respect to the objectives foreseen (power generation, resources valorization, waste management). It makes a fast review of 50 years of nuclear development, thanks to which the nuclear industry has become one of the safest and less environmentally harmful industry which allows to produce low cost electricity: 1 - simplified description of a nuclear power generation plant: nuclear reactor, heat transfer system, power generation system, interface with the power distribution grid; 2 - first historical developments of nuclear power; 3 - industrial development and experience feedback (1965-1995): water reactors (PWR, BWR, Candu), RBMK, fast neutron reactors, high temperature demonstration reactors, costs of industrial reactors; 4 - service life of nuclear power plants and replacement: technical, regulatory and economical lifetime, problems linked with the replacement; 5 - conclusion. (J.S.)

  18. LDC nuclear power: Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tweedale, D.L.

    1982-01-01

    Argentina's 31-year-old nuclear research and power program makes it a Third World leader and the preeminent Latin American country. Easily accessible uranium fuels the heavy water reactor, Atucha I, which provides 10% of the country's electric power. Atucha II and III are under construction. Several domestic and international factors combined to make Argentina's program succeed, but achieving fuel-cycle independence and the capacity to divert fissionable material to military uses is a cause for some concern. 60 references

  19. Nuclear power: Pt. 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janse van Rensburg, H.J.

    1985-01-01

    Based on the annual growthrate of 2,5% in the need for energy and the present coal, oil, gas and uranium reserves, it is expected that there will be an energy deficiency early in the twentieth century. Coal-fired power stations have the disadvantage of pollution and a high water consumption. The use of nuclear power in South Africa is backed-up by its uranium reserves

  20. The abuse of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hill, J.

    1977-01-01

    Different aspects of possible abuse of nuclear power by countries or individuals are discussed. Special attention is paid to the advantage of nuclear power, despite the risk of weapon proliferation or terrorism. The concepts of some nuclear power critics, concerning health risks in the nuclear sector are rejected as untrue and abusive

  1. Nuclear power plant analyzer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stritar, A.

    1986-01-01

    The development of Nuclear Power Plant Analyzers in USA is described. There are two different types of Analyzers under development in USA, the forst in Idaho and Los Alamos national Lab, the second in brookhaven National lab. That one is described in detail. The computer hardware and the mathematical models of the reactor vessel thermalhydraulics are described. (author)

  2. Benchmarking Nuclear Power Plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jakic, I.

    2016-01-01

    One of the main tasks an owner have is to keep its business competitive on the market while delivering its product. Being owner of nuclear power plant bear the same (or even more complex and stern) responsibility due to safety risks and costs. In the past, nuclear power plant managements could (partly) ignore profit or it was simply expected and to some degree assured through the various regulatory processes governing electricity rate design. It is obvious now that, with the deregulation, utility privatization and competitive electricity market, key measure of success used at nuclear power plants must include traditional metrics of successful business (return on investment, earnings and revenue generation) as well as those of plant performance, safety and reliability. In order to analyze business performance of (specific) nuclear power plant, benchmarking, as one of the well-established concept and usual method was used. Domain was conservatively designed, with well-adjusted framework, but results have still limited application due to many differences, gaps and uncertainties. (author).

  3. Nuclear power and safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chidambaram, R.

    1992-01-01

    Some aspects of safety of nuclear power with special reference to Indian nuclear power programme are discussed. India must develop technology to protect herself from the adverse economic impact arising out of the restrictive regime which is being created through globalization of safety and environmental issues. Though the studies done and experience gained so far have shown that the PHWR system adopted by India has a number of superior safety features, research work is needed in the field of operation and maintenance of reactors and also in the field of reactor life extension through delaying of ageing effects. Public relations work must be pursued to convince the public at large of the safety of nuclear power programme. The new reactor designs in the second stage of evolution are based on either further improvement of existing well-proven designs or adoptions of more innovative ideas based on physical principles to ensure a higher level of safety. The development of Indian nuclear power programme is characterised by a balanced approach in the matter of assuring safety. Safety enforcement is not just looked upon as a pure administrative matter, but experts with independent minds are also involved in safety related matters. (M.G.B.)

  4. Nuclear Power in Space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Nuclear Energy Office.

    Research has shown that nuclear radioisotope power generators can supply compact, reliable, and efficient sources of energy for a broad range of space missions. These missions range from televising views of planetary surfaces to communicating scientific data to Earth. This publication presents many applications of the advancing technology and…

  5. Captivated by nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaageson, P.; Kjellstroem, B.

    1984-01-01

    The Swedish decision to discontinue nuclear power production is discussed. The basis of the referendum is presented. A number of cases where the decision to stop production in the year 2010 is counteracted, are described. The political and technical steps to facilitate the settlement are presented. (GB)

  6. Nuclear power reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-11-01

    After an introduction and general explanation of nuclear power the following reactor types are described: magnox thermal reactor; advanced gas-cooled reactor (AGR); pressurised water reactor (PWR); fast reactors (sodium cooled); boiling water reactor (BWR); CANDU thermal reactor; steam generating heavy water reactor (SGHWR); high temperature reactor (HTR); Leningrad (RMBK) type water-cooled graphite moderated reactor. (U.K.)

  7. Aspect of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haghighi Oskoei, R.; Raeis Hosseiny, N.

    2004-01-01

    Over the next 50 years, unless patterns change dramatically, energy production and use will contribute to global warming through large-scale greenhouse gas emissions-hundreds of billions of tonnes of carbon in the form of carbon dioxide. Nuclear power would be one option for reducing carbon emissions. At present, however, this is unlikely: nuclear power faces stagnation and decline. We decided to study the future of nuclear power because we believe this technology , despite the changes it faces, is an important option for the world to meet future energy needs without emitting carbon dioxide and other atmospheric pollutants. Other options include increased efficiency, renewable and sequestration. We believe that all options should be preserved as nations develop strategies at provide energy while meeting important environmental challenges. The nuclear power option will only be exercised, however if the technology demonstrates better economics, improved safety, successful waste management, and low proliferation risk, and if public policies place a significant value on electricity production that does not produce carbon dioxide

  8. Safe nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cady, K.B.

    1992-01-01

    Nearly 22 percent of the electricity generated in the United States already comes from nuclear power plants, but no new plants have been ordered since 1978. This paper reports that the problems that stand in the way of further development have to do with complexity and perceived risk. Licensing, construction management, and waste disposal are complex matters, and the possibility of accident has alienated a significant portion of the public. But a national poll conducted by Bruskin/Goldring at the beginning of February shows that opposition to nuclear energy is softening. Sixty percent of the American people support (strongly or moderately) the use of nuclear power, and 18 percent moderately oppose it. Only 15 percent remain obstinately opposed. Perhaps they are not aware of recent advances in reactor technology

  9. Nuclear power and nuclear safety 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauritzen, B.; Oelgaard, P.L.; Kampmann, D.; Majborn, B.; Nonboel, E.; Nystrup, P.E.

    2007-04-01

    The report is the fourth report in a series of annual reports on the international development of nuclear power production, with special emphasis on safety issues and nuclear emergency preparedness. The report is written in collaboration between Risoe National Laboratory and the Danish Emergency Management Agency. The report for 2006 covers the following topics: status of nuclear power production, regional trends, reactor development and development of emergency management systems, safety related events of nuclear power, and international relations and conflicts. (LN)

  10. Nuclear power and nuclear safety 2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-03-01

    The report is the second report in a new series of annual reports on the international development of nuclear power production, with special emphasis on safety issues and nuclear emergency preparedness. The report is written in collaboration between Risoe National Laboratory and the Danish Emergency Management Agency. The report for 2004 covers the following topics: status of nuclear power production, regional trends, reactor development and development of emergency management systems, safety related events of nuclear power and international relations and conflicts. (ln)

  11. Nuclear power and nuclear safety 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauritzen, B.; Oelgaard, P.L.; Kampman, D.; Majborn, B.; Nonboel, E.; Nystrup, P.E.

    2006-03-01

    The report is the third report in a series of annual reports on the international development of nuclear power production, with special emphasis on safety issues and nuclear emergency preparedness. The report is written in collaboration between Risoe National Laboratory and the Danish Emergency Management Agency. The report for 2005 covers the following topics: status of nuclear power production, regional trends, reactor development and development of emergency management systems, safety related events of nuclear power and international relations and conflicts. (ln)

  12. Nuclear power and nuclear safety 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauritzen, B.; Oelgaard, P.L.; Kampmann, D.

    2009-06-01

    The report is the fifth report in a series of annual reports on the international development of nuclear power production, with special emphasis on safety issues and nuclear emergency preparedness. The report is written in collaboration between Risoe DTU and the Danish Emergency Management Agency. The report for 2008 covers the following topics: status of nuclear power production, regional trends, reactor development, safety related events of nuclear power, and international relations and conflicts. (LN)

  13. Nuclear power. [Contains glossary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patterson, W.C.

    1983-01-01

    Lay language brings an understanding of nuclear technology and nuclear politics to the non-specialist reader. The author notes that there has been little change in the technology during the four decades of the nuclear age, but mankind has still to learn how to live with it. Part One explains how reactors work, identifies different reactor types, and describes the fuel cycle. Part two follows research developments during the pre-Manhatten Project days, the war effort, and the decision to pursue commercial nuclear power. He traces the development of policies to secure fission materials and international efforts to prevent the proliferation of weapons grade material and the safe handling of radioactive wastes on a global as well as national scale. There are four appendices, including an annotated reference to other publications. 9 figures.

  14. Nuclear-powered submarines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Curren, T.

    1989-01-01

    The proposed acquisition of nuclear-powered submarines by the Canadian Armed Forces raises a number of legitimate concerns, including that of their potential impact on the environment. The use of nuclear reactors as the propulsion units in these submarines merits special consideration. Radioactivity, as an environmental pollutant, has unique qualities and engenders particular fears among the general population. The effects of nuclear submarines on the environment fall into two distinct categories: those deriving from normal operations of the submarine (the chief concern of this paper), and those deriving from a reactor accident. An enormous body of data must exist to support the safe operation of nuclear submarines; however, little information on this aspect of the proposed submarine program has been made available to the Canadian public. (5 refs.)

  15. Can nuclear power compete?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jones, P.M.S.

    1993-01-01

    The competitiveness of electricity generation from new nuclear plant with that from fossil-fired plant depends on a number of factors, the most important of which are the future costs of fossil fuels and the required rate of return on capital. Nuclear power is generally expected to remain competitive for baseload generation in OECD countries except in regions with direct access to cheap fossil fuels, based on the economic criteria and price expectations prevailing in the different countries. The situation in the United Kingdom will be clearer later in 1993 when comparisons prepared for the Government's Nuclear Review are published, but on the basis of the information available new nuclear plants should be competitive with the other technical options available for deployment around the year 2000. (author)

  16. LDC nuclear power: Philippines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scherr, S.J.

    1982-01-01

    The US created the need for nuclear power in the Phillipines and then provided the means to fill it, but the 20-year nuclear program was reversed in 1976 because of public opposition to heavy-handed government policies. The situation illustrates the overriding importance of foreign influence and political judgment. Despite substantial investments in the training of Filipino nuclear scientists and technicians, nuclear energy continues to be viewed as an alien technology by the people. Even the protracted debate over the first reactor has been dominated by US experts and advisers because the traditional transnational cooperation was extended beyond government to nongovernmental citizen organizations when Filipno protestors sought help from US groups. 120 references

  17. Facts about nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muench, E.

    1980-01-01

    The argument concerning the introduction and the further expansion of nuclear energy in the Federal Republic of Germany has been existing for several years in differing intensities and most different forms. The arguments and theses of the discussion deal with the various aspects of the reciprocity between nuclear energy and environment. This is the key-note for the scientists to treat the relevant problems and questions in the discussion about nuclear energy. The controversy in which often emotional theses are stated instead of reasonably deliberating the pros and contras includes civil initiatives, societies, and environment protection organisations on the one hand and authorities, producers, and operators of nuclear-technical plants on the other. And the scale of the different opinions reaches from real agreement to deep condemnation of a technology which represents an option to meet the energy need in the future. In this situation, this book is an attempt to de-emotionalize the whole discussion. Most of the authors of the articles come from research centres and have been working on the problems they deal with for years. The spectrum of the topics includes the energy-political coherences of nuclear energy, the technical fundaments of the individual reactor types, safety and security of nuclear-technical plants the fuel cycle, especially the waste management in nuclear power plants, environmental aspects of energy generation in general and nuclear energy in special, the question of Plutonium and the presentation of alternative energy sources including nuclear fusion. The arrangement of these topics is meant to help to clarify the complex coherences of nuclear energy and to help those interested in problems of energy policy to make their own personal decisions. (orig./RW) [de

  18. Economics of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roth, B.F.

    1977-01-01

    The economics of electricity supply and production in the FRG is to see on the background of the unique European interconnected grid system which makes very significant contributions to the availability of standby energy and peak load power. On this basis and the existing high voltage grid system, we can build large nuclear generating units and realise the favorable cost aspects per installed KW and reduced standby power. An example of calculating the overall electricity generating costs based on the present worth method is explained. From the figures shown, the sensitivity of the generating costs with respect to the different cost components can be derived. It is apparent from the example used, that the major advantage of nuclear power stations compared with fossil fired stations lies in the relatively small percentage fraction contributed by the fuel costs to the electricity generating costs. (orig.) [de

  19. Nuclear power and weapons proliferation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Greenwood, T.; Rathjens, C.W.; Ruina, J.

    1977-01-01

    The relationship between nuclear weapons development and nuclear electric power is examined. A brief description of nuclear weapons design is first given. This is then followed by a discussion of various aspects of nuclear power technology and of how they affect a nuclear weapon programme. These include fuel cycles, chemical reprocessing of spent fuel, uranium enrichment, and the control of dissemination of nuclear technology. In conclusion there is a discussion of possible political and institutional controls for limiting nuclear proliferation. (U.K.)

  20. Is nuclear power competitive

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brandfon, W.W.

    1984-01-01

    The first phase of a two-phase study of the competitiveness of electricity from new coal and nuclear plants with oil and natural gas in common markets concludes that, with few exceptions throughout the country, overall levelized nuclear generating cost could be lower than coal generating costs by more than 40%. The study shows a wider margin of economic superiority for nuclear than has been seen in other recent studies. Capital and fuel costs are the major determinants of relative nuclear and coal economics. The only substantial difference in the input assumptions has related to a shorter lead time for both coal and nuclear units, which reduces capital costs. The study gives substance to the charge that delaying tactics by intervenors and an unstable licensing environment drove up lifetime costs of both coal and nuclear plants. This caused an increase in electric rates and affected the entire economy. The study shows that nuclear power is competitive when large baseload capacity is required. 14 figures

  1. Economics of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reichle, L.F.C.

    1977-01-01

    Mr. Reichle feels that the economic advantages of pursuing nuclear power should prompt Congress and the administration to seek ways of eliminating undue delays and enabling industry to proceed with the design, construction, and management of nuclear plants and facilities. Abundant, low-cost energy, which can only be supplied by coal and nuclear, is vital to growth in our gross national product, he states. While conservation efforts are commendable, we must have more energy if we are to maintain our standard of living. Current energy resources projections into the next century indicate an energy gap of 42 quads with a 3 percent growth and 72 quads with a 4 percent growth. Comparisons of fuel prices, plant capital investment, and electric generation costs are developed for both coal and nuclear energy; these show that nuclear energy has a clear advantage economically as long as light water reactors are supplemented by breeder reactor development and the nuclear industry can demonstrate that these reactors are safe, reliable, and compatible with the environment. Mr. Reichle says excessive regulation and legal challenges combined with public apathy toward developing nuclear energy are delaying decisions and actions that should be taken now

  2. The problem of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heimbrecht, J.; Kade, G.; Krusewitz, K.; Moldenhauer, B.; Steinhaus, K.; Weish, P.

    1977-01-01

    The battle over the problems of nuclear power has gone on in the Federal Republic for several years. The Buergerinitiativen, which used to be small and largely unpolitical, have become a major social force during this time. Subjects: 1) Dangers of nuclear power - can the risk be justified; 2)The necessity of nuclear power; 3) The enforcement of nuclear power - political and economic background; 4) Limits of power generation - limits of growth or limits of the system. (orig./HP) [de

  3. Nuclear Power Prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cintra do Prado, L.

    1966-01-01

    The present trend is to construct larger plants: the average power of the plants under construction at present, including prototypes, is 300 MW(e), i.e. three times higher than in the case of plants already in operation. Examples of new large-scale plants ares (a) Wylfa, Anglesey, United Kingdom - scheduled power of 1180 MW(e) (800 MW to be installed by 1967), to be completed in 1968; (b) ''Dungeness B'', United Kingdom - scheduled power of 1200 MW(e); (c) second unit for United States Dresden power plant - scheduled power of 715 MW(e) minimum to almost 800 MW(e). Nuclear plants on the whole serve the same purpose as conventional thermal plants

  4. The nuclear power debate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Woerndl, B.

    1992-01-01

    This material-intensive analysis of the public dispute about nuclear power plants uses the fundamental thoughts of the conflict theory approach by Georg Simmel, linking them to results of recent value change research. Through the medium of a qualitative content analysis of arguments in favour of and against nuclear energy it is shown how values are expressed and move, how they differentiate and get modified, in conflicting argumentation patterns. The first part reconstructs the history of the nuclear power conflict under the aspect of its subject priorities changing from time to time. The second part shows, based on three debate priorities, how social value patterns recognized for the moment changed in and by the conflict: the argumentation is that the nuclear power controversy has led to a relativization of its scientific claim for recognition; it has created a problem awareness with regard to purely quantitatively oriented growth objectives and developed criteria of an ecologically controlled satisfaction of needs; the debate has paved the way, in the area of political regulation models, for the advancement of basic democratic elements within a representative democracy. (orig./HP) [de

  5. Nuclear power for desalination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patil, Siddhanth; Lanjekar, Sanket; Jagdale, Bhushan; Srivastava, V.K.

    2015-01-01

    Water is one of the most important assets to mankind and without which the human race would cease to exist. Water is required by us right from domestic to industrial levels. As notified by the 'American Nuclear Society' and 'World Nuclear Association' about 1/5 th of the world population does not access to portable water especially in the Asian and African subcontinent. The situation is becoming adverse day by day due to rise in population and industrialization. The need of alternative water resource is thus becoming vital. About 97.5% of Earth is covered by oceans. Desalination of saline water to generate potable water is thus an important topic of research. Currently about 12,500 desalination plants are operating worldwide with a capacity of about 35 million m 3 /day using mainly fossil fuels for generation of large amount of energy required for processing water. These thermal power station release large amount of carbon dioxide and other green house gases. Nuclear reactors are capable of delivering energy to the high energy-intensive processes without any environmental concerns for climate change etc., giving a vision to sustainable growth of desalination process. These projects are currently employed in Kazakhstan, India, Japan, and Pakistan and are coupled to the nuclear reactor for generating electricity and potable water as well. The current climatic scenario favors the need for expanding dual purpose nuclear power plants producing energy and water at the same location. (author)

  6. Economics of nuclear power projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chu, I.H.

    1985-01-01

    Nuclear power development in Taiwan was initiated in 1956. Now Taipower has five nuclear units in smooth operation, one unit under construction, two units under planning. The relatively short construction period, low construction costs and twin unit approach had led to the significant economical advantage of our nuclear power generation. Moreover betterment programmes have further improved the availability and reliability factors of our nuclear power plants. In Taipower, the generation cost of nuclear power was even less than half of that of oil-fired thermal power in the past years ever since the nuclear power was commissioned. This made Taipower have more earnings and power rates was even dropped down in March 1983. As Taiwan is short of energy sources and nuclear power is so well-demonstrated nuclear power will be logically the best choice for Taipower future projects

  7. Prospects for nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaplan, G.

    1983-01-01

    Describes how the nuclear power industry is improving plant operation and safety procedures and is reducing maintenance costs as it hopes for a brighter political climate. Points out that most of the efforts focus on key areas, such as improvements in control rooms and operator training and studies of physical processes within the reactor and associated systems. Discusses the increasing complexity of nuclear plants, the use of computers to process data in BWR plants, the decommissioning of old plants, and plant safety research activities worldwide. Offers an annotated bibliography

  8. Economics of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marwah, O.S.

    1982-01-01

    There can be no precise economic measures, in the abstract, of the costs of nuclear power production in the less-developed countries (LDCs). The conditions that affect the calculations have to be evaluated specifically for each country and individually for each nuclear-related project in that country. These conditions are a combination of internal and external factors, and their mix for one project can change during the course of construction. The author lists 21 factors that may vary according to individual national costs. 6 references, 4 tables

  9. Editorial for the IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, January 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede

    2009-01-01

    I am entering the fourth year as the Editor in Chief of the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS. A position like this becomes more and more important for the technical field as publishing in a peer-reviewed highly ranked journal has influence on the industrial and academic career. It is a way...

  10. Editorial Special Issue on Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power (FMFP ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This special issue of Sadhana contains selected papers from two conferences related to fluid mechanics held in India recently, Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power conference at NIT, Hamirpur, and an International Union of Theoretical ... A simple, well thought out, flow visualization experiment or a computation can sometimes ...

  11. Nuclear power and the nuclear fuel cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hardy, C.J.; Silver, J.M.

    1985-09-01

    The report provides data and assessments of the status and prospects of nuclear power and the nuclear fuel cycle. The report discusses the economic competitiveness of nuclear electricity generation, the extent of world uranium resources, production and requirements, uranium conversion and enrichment, fuel fabrication, spent fuel treatment and radioactive waste management. A review is given of the status of nuclear fusion research

  12. Making nuclear power sustainable

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barre, B

    2003-01-01

    According to the present data, we must double our energy production while dividing by a factor of two the greenhouse gases emissions, knowing that today, 80% of our energy comes from the combustion of coal, gas and oil, all of which produce CO, released in the atmosphere. This is the toughest challenge facing us in the next few decades, and I include the water challenge, since producing drinking water will also increase our energy needs. This formidable challenge will not be easily met. No magic bullet is in sight, not even a nuclear bullet. To have any chance of success, we must actually implement all the available measures, and invent some more. In fact, we shall certainly need a three-pronged approach: Increase energy efficiency to limit energy consumption in our developed countries; Diversify our energy mix to reduce the share supplied by fossil fuels and that translates into increasing nuclear and renewable energy source; Trap and sequester CO 2 wherever and whenever economically possible. This article focuses on the nuclear issue. According to International Energy Agency (lEA) statistics, nuclear energy accounts today for 6.8% of the world energy supply. Is it realistic to expect this share to grow, when many forecasts (including lEA's own) predict a slow reduction? The future is not engraved in marble, it is ours to make; the future role of nuclear power will depend on the results of our present efforts to expand or overcome its limitations. It is quite possible that, within four decades, 40% of the electric power generated in all OECD countries, plus Russia, China, India and Brazil, comes from nuclear reactors. It is not far-fetched, when you consider that it took only two decades for France to increase its nuclear share of electricity from 8% to 80%. More ambitious, let's assume that in the same time frame and within the same countries 15% of the fuels for transportation come from nuclear produced hydrogen and that 10% of the space heating is supplied by

  13. Nuclear power system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yampolsky, J.S.; Cavallaro, L.; Paulovich, K.F.; Schleicher, R.W.

    1989-01-01

    This patent describes an inherently safe modular nuclear power system for producing electrical power at acceptable efficiency levels using working fluids at relatively low temperatures and pressures. The system comprising: a reactor module for heating a first fluid; a heat exchanger module for transferring heat from the first fluid to a second fluid; a first piping system effecting flow of the first fluid in a first fluid circuit successively through the reactor module and the heat exchanger module; a power conversion module comprising a turbogenerator driven by the second fluid, and means for cooling the second fluid upon emergence thereof from the turbogenerator; a second piping system comprising means for effecting flow of the second fluid in a second fluid circuit successively through the heat exchanger module and the power conversion module; and a plurality of pits for receiving the modules

  14. Editorial for IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, January 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Lehman, Brad

    2013-01-01

    should increase the impact factor of the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS (TPEL). In 2007, TPEL published 2600 pages, and it has gradually been increased to 4000 pages in 2011, 5000 pages in 2012, and 5500 pages are projected for 2013. We have decided to publish 12 printed issues so every month...... a new issue will be printed. A graph is provided showing the number of regular papers received in the past years as well as the number of published pages in the TPEL. Finally they note that in 2008, TPEL obtained a record high value for the impact factor (as shown in a figure) but in 2009 it was reduced...... the papers to be read over a longer time span; 2) Web of Science (ISI Thomsen Reuter) began to register new power electronics conferences in their database, and citations from conferences counts and contributes to a higher impact factor....

  15. Preparedness against nuclear power accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-01-01

    This booklet contains information about the organization against nuclear power accidents, which exist in the four Swedish counties with nuclear power plants. It is aimed at classes 7-9 of the Swedish schools. (L.E.)

  16. Nuclear power: pros and cons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirsch, H.

    1977-01-01

    The author deals with the nuclear power controversy in science and indicates the main points of the nuclear power debate by the population. The different scientific and ideological positions shown by the results of the campaign are explained. (HP) [de

  17. Ethical aspects of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Streithofen, H.B.

    1989-01-01

    The nuclear controversy comprises many ethical aspects, e.g. the waste disposal problem. Nuclear opponents should not neglect the environmental protection aspect; for example, the use of nuclear power alone brought about an 8% reduction of the CO 2 burden in 1987. Our responsibility towards nature and humans in the Third World leaves us no alternative to nuclear power. On the other hand, the nuclear power debate should not become a matter of religious beliefs. (DG) [de

  18. US nuclear power programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McGolf, D.J.

    1994-01-01

    In the United States, coal provided 56 percent of the electricity generated in 1992. Nuclear energy was the next largest contributor, supplying 22 percent. Natural gas provided 9 percent, while hydro-electric and renewables together supplied another 9 percent. Currently, the 109 nuclear power plants in the U.S. have an overall generating capacity of 99,000 MWe. To improve efficiency, safety, and performance, the lessons of 30 years of experience with nuclear powerplants are being incorporated into design criteria for the next generation of U.S. plants. The new Advanced Light Water Reactor plants will feature simpler designs, which will enable more cost-effective construction and maintenance. To enhance safety, design margins are being increased, and human factors are being considered and incorporated into the designs

  19. Lessons of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Collingridge, D.

    1984-01-01

    In an earlier article the author has argued that the turbulent history of nuclear power in Britain and the USA stems from the technology itself, and has little to do with the very different institutional arrangements made for the new technology in the two countries. Nuclear plant has various features which make its planning extraordinarily difficult. Its long lead time, large unit size, capital intensity and dependence on complex infrastructure combine to ensure that mistakes are likely to be made in planning the technology and that what mistakes do occur are expensive. This article aims to expand on the earlier one in two ways; by looking at the apparent success of the French nuclear programme which seems to run counter to the thesis of the earlier article, and by trying to draw lessons from the earlier analysis for the breeder reactor. (author)

  20. Insurance and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Whipple, C.

    1985-01-01

    The Price-Anderson Act is discussed, which establishes procedures for insuring nuclear facilities (including nuclear power plants). The act was enacted with the dual purpose of protecting the public and encouraging the development of a private nuclear energy industry. Criticisms that can generally be grouped into four categories regarding the Act are presented, the most controversial aspect being that should an accident occur, the aggregate liability of the reactor operator, the NRC, or any others who might be at fault is limited to $560 million. Lawsuits for amounts in excess of $560 million are prohibited. The 1975 renewal of the Price-Anderson Act does provide that damages in excess of the $560 million prompt Congress to review the particular incident and take action to protect the public from the consequences of a disaster of such magnitude

  1. US nuclear power programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McGolf, D J

    1994-12-31

    In the United States, coal provided 56 percent of the electricity generated in 1992. Nuclear energy was the next largest contributor, supplying 22 percent. Natural gas provided 9 percent, while hydro-electric and renewables together supplied another 9 percent. Currently, the 109 nuclear power plants in the U.S. have an overall generating capacity of 99,000 MWe. To improve efficiency, safety, and performance, the lessons of 30 years of experience with nuclear powerplants are being incorporated into design criteria for the next generation of U.S. plants. The new Advanced Light Water Reactor plants will feature simpler designs, which will enable more cost-effective construction and maintenance. To enhance safety, design margins are being increased, and human factors are being considered and incorporated into the designs.

  2. Ardennes nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1974-12-01

    The SENA nuclear power plant continued to operate, as before, at authorized rated power, namely 905MWth during the first half year and 950MWth during the second half year. Net energy production:2028GWh; hours phased to the line: 7534H; availability factor: 84%; utilization factor: 84%; total shutdowns:19; number of scrams:10; cost per KWh: 4,35 French centimes. Overall, the plant is performing very satisfactory. Over the last three years net production has been 5900GWh, corresponding to in average utilization factor of 83%

  3. Nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Orlov, V.V.; Rineisky, A.A.

    1975-01-01

    The invention is aimed at designing a nuclear power plant with a heat transfer system which permits an accelerated fuel regeneration maintaining relatively high initial steam values and efficiency of the steam power circuit. In case of a plant with three circuits the secondary cooling circuit includes a steam generator with preheater, evaporator, steam superheater and intermediate steam superheater. At the heat supply side the latter is connected with its inlet to the outlet of the evaporator and with its outlet to the low-temperature side of the secondary circuit

  4. Siting nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yellin, J.; Joskow, P.L.

    1980-01-01

    The first edition of this journal is devoted to the policies and problems of siting nuclear power plants and the question of how far commercial reactors should be placed from urban areas. The article is divided into four major siting issues: policies, risk evaluation, accident consequences, and economic and physical constraints. One concern is how to treat currently operating reactors and those under construction that were established under less-stringent criteria if siting is to be used as a way to limit the consequences of accidents. Mehanical cost-benefit analyses are not as appropriate as the systematic use of empirical observations in assessing the values involved. Stricter siting rules are justified because (1) opposition because of safety is growing: (2) remote siting will make the industry more stable; (3) the conflict is eliminated between regulatory policies and the probability basis for nuclear insurance; and (4) joint ownership of utilities and power-pooling are increasing. 227 references, 7 tables

  5. Nuclear power and ethics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schwery, H.

    1998-01-01

    The author can see no sense in demanding an ethical regime to be applied exclusively to nuclear power but rather calls for an approach that discusses nuclear power as one constituent of the complex energy issue in a way spanning all dimensions involved, as e.g. the technological, economic, cultural, humanitarian, and humanistic aspects. An ethical approach does not question scientific research, or science or technology, but examines their relation to man and the future of humanity, so that an ethical approach will first of all demand that society will bring forward conscientious experts as reliable partners in the process of discussing the ethical implications of progress and development in a higly industrialised civilisation. (orig./CB) [de

  6. Nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aisaka, Tatsuyoshi; Kamahara, Hisato; Yanagisawa, Ko.

    1982-01-01

    Purpose: To prevent corrosion stress cracks in structural materials in a BWR type nuclear power plant by decreasing the oxygen concentration in the reactor coolants. Constitution: A hydrogen injector is connected between the condensator and a condensate clean up system of a nuclear power plant. The injector is incorporated with hydrogenated compounds formed from metal hydrides, for example, of alloys such as lanthanum-nickel alloy, iron titanium alloy, vanadium, palladium, magnesium-copper alloy, magnesium-nickel alloy and the like. Even if the pressure of hydrogen obtained from a hydrogen bomb or by way of water electrolysis is changed, the hydrogen can always be injected into a reactor coolant at a pressure equal to the equilibrium dissociation pressure for metal hydride by introducing the hydrogen into the hydrogen injector. (Seki, T.)

  7. Nuclear power: Year 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Siegel, J.R.

    1984-01-01

    This paper offers a contrary view on the future of nuclear power in the U.S. Contrarian, in that it argues that it is quite possible that the installed U.S. nuclear capacity in the year 2000 will be in the range of 250GWe. This projection is based on the longer view - a 20-30 year picture - of the price trends of the fuels commercially available to make electricity. And on the belief that other projections of nuclear capacity for the year 2000, while generally acknowledging the need to add significant amounts of new electricity capacity, are essentially discounting nuclear power. And thus, are ignoring fundamental economics. The logic for the projected 250 GWe follows: The demand for electricity is continuing to grow, albeit at a slower rate than that experienced prior to 1973; The excess generating capacity in the construction pipeline, which developed during the 1970s as economic growth rates came in at half the projections made in 1973, has been worked off; in fact, the pendulum has swung past the mid-point; U.S. utilities need to order an additional 200-350 GWe of capacity for service between 1992 and 2000; The real capital costs of plants, particularly nuclear plants, ordered in the 1980s will be less than that being completed today, as this new plant will be completed on a more expedient basis for reliability reasons, and built in an improved financial climate for utilities; Owing primarily to more favorable economics, but also to environmental considerations, at least half of new generating capacity will be nuclear

  8. Nuclear power in Italy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santarossa, G.

    1990-01-01

    As is known to most of this audience in November of 1987 a referendum determined a rejection of nuclear power in Italy. The referendum may be taken into consideration here as a large scale experiment which offers points of interest to this conference and problems to be aware of, in approaching a severe confrontation with the public. To give a synopsis of the Italian perspective I will examine: first the public acceptance in the situation before Chernobyl, then the most disturbing and sensitive factors of Chernobyl's consequences; how the opposition to nuclear energy worked with the support of most media and the strong pressures of an anti-nuclear political party, the syllogism of the opponents and the arguments used, the causes of major weakness of the defenders and how a new perception of nuclear risk was generated in the public. I will come to the topic of utility acceptance by mentioning that ENEL, as the National Utility, in its role is bound to a policy of compliance with Government decisions. It is oriented today to performance of feasibility studies and development of requirements for the next generation of reactors in order to maintain an updated proposal for a future recovery of the nuclear option. I will then try to identify in general terms the factors determining the future acceptance of nuclear power. They will be determined in the interdisciplinary area of politics, media and public interactions with the utilities the uses of the technology are forced to follow, by political constraints, two main directives: working only in new projects to achieve, if possible, new safety goals

  9. Nuclear power in Italy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santarossa, G [ENEA, Rome (Italy)

    1990-07-01

    As is known to most of this audience in November of 1987 a referendum determined a rejection of nuclear power in Italy. The referendum may be taken into consideration here as a large scale experiment which offers points of interest to this conference and problems to be aware of, in approaching a severe confrontation with the public. To give a synopsis of the Italian perspective I will examine: first the public acceptance in the situation before Chernobyl, then the most disturbing and sensitive factors of Chernobyl's consequences; how the opposition to nuclear energy worked with the support of most media and the strong pressures of an anti-nuclear political party, the syllogism of the opponents and the arguments used, the causes of major weakness of the defenders and how a new perception of nuclear risk was generated in the public. I will come to the topic of utility acceptance by mentioning that ENEL, as the National Utility, in its role is bound to a policy of compliance with Government decisions. It is oriented today to performance of feasibility studies and development of requirements for the next generation of reactors in order to maintain an updated proposal for a future recovery of the nuclear option. I will then try to identify in general terms the factors determining the future acceptance of nuclear power. They will be determined in the interdisciplinary area of politics, media and public interactions with the utilities the uses of the technology are forced to follow, by political constraints, two main directives: working only in new projects to achieve, if possible, new safety goals.

  10. AAEC nuclear power projections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khoe, G.; Fredsall, J.; Scurr, I.; Plotnikoff, W.

    1981-01-01

    The nuclear power capacity projections developed in the May-June period of 1981 by the AAEC are presented. There have been downward revisions for nearly all countries with centrally planned economies. Projections for the year 2000 for the Western World have decreased in aggregate by 4.7% (27Gw) compared to those of 1980. However, this reduction is less than the previous estimate reduction and there appears to have been a stabilisation in the projection

  11. Nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schabert, H.P.; Laurer, E.

    1976-01-01

    The invention concerns a quick-acting valve on the main-steam pipe of a nuclear power plant. The engineering design of the valve is to be improved. To the main valve disc, a piston-operated auxiliary valve disc is to be assigned closing a section of the area of the main valve disc. This way it is avoided that the drive of the main valve disc has to carry out different movements. 15 sub-claims. (UWI) [de

  12. Nuclear power in British politics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pocock, R.F.

    1987-01-01

    The paper concerns the subject of nuclear power in British politics in 1986. The policies of the major political parties towards nuclear power are briefly outlined, along with public attitudes to nuclear energy, Chernobyl, and the rise of the anti-nuclear campaigners. (UK)

  13. Submarine nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Enohara, Masami; Araragi, Fujio.

    1980-01-01

    Purpose: To provide a ballast tank, and nuclear power facilities within the containment shell of a pressure resistance structure and a maintenance operator's entrance and a transmission cable cut-off device at the outer part of the containment shell, whereby after the construction, the shell is towed, and installed by self-submerging, and it can be refloated for repairs by its own strength. Constitution: Within a containment shell having a ballast tank and a pressure resisting structure, there are provided nuclear power facilities including a nuclear power generating chamber, a maintenance operator's living room and the like. Furthermore, a maintenance operator's entrance and exit device and a transmission cable cut-off device are provided within the shell, whereby when it is towed to a predetermined a area after the construction, it submerges by its own strength and when any repair inspection is necessary, it can float up by its own strength, and can be towed to a repair dock or the like. (Yoshihara, H.)

  14. Nuclear power and the nuclear fuel cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1988-06-01

    The percentage of electricity generated by nuclear energy in each of the 26 countries that operated nuclear power plants in 1987 is given. The current policy and programs of some of these countries is described. News concerning uranium mining, enrichment, reprocessing and waste management is also included. Data in the form of a generalized status summary for all power reactors (> 30 MWEN) prepared from the nuclear power reactor data files of ANSTO is shown

  15. Nuclear power: the turning tide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Riley, P.J.; Warren, D.S.

    1981-01-01

    During 1980 and 1981, opposition to the expansion of the nuclear power generation programme grew from about 45% of the population to approximately 53%. Women, young people and labour voters are the most strongly opposed to nuclear power but among no section of the population is there a clear majority in favour of building more nuclear power stations. (author)

  16. Nuclear power in the EC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charrault, J.C.

    1991-01-01

    Nuclear power accounts for some 35% of electricity production in the European Community (EC). Using a mathematical analysis, based on different scenarios, i.e. low/high electricity demand and nuclear moratorium/revival, various demand forecasts are made. A pragmatic approach, considering conventional power generation pollution problems, forecasts a revival of nuclear power

  17. Overview paper on nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spiewak, I.; Cope, D.F.

    1980-09-01

    This paper was prepared as an input to ORNL's Strategic Planning Activity, ORNL National Energy Perspective (ONEP). It is intended to provide historical background on nuclear power, an analysis of the mission of nuclear power, a discussion of the issues, the technology choices, and the suggestion of a strategy for encouraging further growth of nuclear power

  18. Nuclear power proliferation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johnson, B.

    1977-01-01

    The nuclear industry is experiencing a multiple crisis in which economic, technical and ethical aspects are blended inextricably. Nuclear hardware costs have everywhere soared far beyond inflation in the last five years, largely as a result of delays in programme completion arising from problems of reactor and fuel cycle. Meanwhile, partly as a result of this cost escalation, there is widespread and growing doubt as to whether capital will be available to finance the electricity generating levels projected by the industry and by governments for the 1990s. The nuclear industry is now in trouble at every stage of the fuel cycle. The industry's difficulties have also revealed a lack of overall - but particularly nuclear - energy strategy at either national or international levels, and a lack of will to create regulations and institutional machinery at either of these levels which might reassure both concerned publics and the energy industries themselves. This paper appraises some of the present limitations of international institutions in achieving control and management of nuclear power. (author)

  19. Elecnuc. Nuclear power plants worldwide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    This small folder presents a digest of some useful information concerning the nuclear power plants worldwide and the situation of nuclear industry at the end of 1997: power production of nuclear origin, distribution of reactor types, number of installed units, evolution and prediction of reactor orders, connections to the grid and decommissioning, worldwide development of nuclear power, evolution of power production of nuclear origin, the installed power per reactor type, market shares and exports of the main nuclear engineering companies, power plants constructions and orders situation, evolution of reactors performances during the last 10 years, know-how and development of nuclear safety, the remarkable facts of 1997, the future of nuclear power and the energy policy trends. (J.S.)

  20. Banning nuclear power at sea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Handler, J.

    1993-01-01

    This article argues that now that the East-West conflict is over, nuclear-powered vessels should be retired. Nuclear-powered ships and submarines lack military missions, are expensive to build and operate, generate large amounts of long-lived deadly nuclear waste from their normal operations and when they are decommissioned, and are subject to accidents or deliberate attack which can result in the sinking of nuclear reactors and the release of radiation. With the costs of nuclear-powered vessels mounting, the time has come to ban nuclear power at sea. (author)

  1. The need for nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1977-12-01

    This leaflet examines our energy future and concludes that nuclear power is an essential part of it. The leaflet also discusses relative costs, but it does not deal with social and environmental implications of nuclear power in any detail, since these are covered by other British Nuclear Forum publications. Headings are: present consumption; how will this change in future; primary energy resources (fossil fuels; renewable resources; nuclear); energy savings; availability of fossil fuels; availability of renewable energy resources; the contribution of thermal nuclear power; electricity; costs for nuclear power. (U.K.)

  2. Nuclear power renaissance or demise?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dossani, Umair

    2010-09-15

    Nuclear power is going through a renaissance or demise is widely debated around the world keeping in mind the facts that there are risks related to nuclear technology and at the same time that is it environmentally friendly. My part of the argument is that there is no better alternative than Nuclear power. Firstly Nuclear Power in comparison to all other alternative fuels is environmentally sustainable. Second Nuclear power at present is at the dawn of a new era with new designs and technologies. Third part of the debate is renovation in the nuclear fuel production, reprocessing and disposal.

  3. Torness: proposed nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1979-01-01

    The need for and desirability of nuclear power, and in particular the proposed nuclear power station at Torness in Scotland, are questioned. Questions are asked, and answered, on the following topics: position, appearance and cost of the proposed Torness plant, and whether necessary; present availability of electricity, and forecast of future needs, in Scotland; energy conservation and alternative energy sources; radiation hazards from nuclear power stations (outside, inside, and in case of an accident); transport of spent fuel from Torness to Windscale; radioactive waste management; possibility of terrorists making a bomb with radioactive fuel from a nuclear power station; cost of electricity from nuclear power; how to stop Torness. (U.K.)

  4. Nuclear Power Plant 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    Again this year, our magazine presents the details of the conference on Spanish nuclear power plant operation held in February and that was devoted to 1996 operating results. The Protocol for Establishment of a New Electrical Sector Regulation that was signed last December will undoubtedly represent a new challenge for the nuclear industry. By clearing stating that current standards of quality and safety should be maintained or even increased if possible, the Protocol will force the Sector to improve its productivity, which is already high as demonstrated by the results of the last few years described during this conference and by recent sectorial economic studies. Generation of a nuclear kWh that can compete with other types of power plants is the new challenge for the Sector's professionals, who do not fear the new liberalization policies and approaching competition. Lower inflation and the resulting lower interest rates, apart from being representative indices of our economy's marked improvement, will be very helpful in facing this challenge. (Author)

  5. Nuclear power regional analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parera, María Delia

    2011-01-01

    In this study, a regional analysis of the Argentine electricity market was carried out considering the effects of regional cooperation, national and international interconnections; additionally, the possibilities of insertion of new nuclear power plants in different regions were evaluated, indicating the most suitable areas for these facilities to increase the penetration of nuclear energy in national energy matrix. The interconnection of electricity markets and natural gas due to the linkage between both energy forms was also studied. With this purpose, MESSAGE program was used (Model for Energy Supply Strategy Alternatives and their General Environmental Impacts), promoted by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This model performs a country-level economic optimization, resulting in the minimum cost for the modelling system. Regionalization executed by the Wholesale Electricity Market Management Company (CAMMESA, by its Spanish acronym) that divides the country into eight regions. The characteristics and the needs of each region, their respective demands and supplies of electricity and natural gas, as well as existing and planned interconnections, consisting of power lines and pipelines were taken into account. According to the results obtained through the model, nuclear is a competitive option. (author) [es

  6. Nuclear power for developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirschmann, H.; Vennemann, J.

    1980-01-01

    The paper describes the energy policy quandary of developing countries and explains why nuclear power plants of a suitable size - the KKW 200 MW BWR nuclear power plant for electric power and/or process steam generation is briefly presented here - have an economic advantage over fossil-fuelled power plants. (HP) [de

  7. Nuclear power in Sweden

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wikdahl, C.E.

    1999-01-01

    Sweden uses 16,000 kWh of electricity per person, by far the highest consumption in EU. The reason is a well-developed electricity intensive industry and a cold climate with high share of electric heating. The annual power consumption has for several years been about 140 TWh and a normal year almost 50 per cent is produced by hydro and 50 percent by nuclear. A new legislation, giving the Government the right to ordering the closure nuclear power plants of political reasons without any reference to safety, has been accepted by the Parliament. The new act, in force since January 1, 1998, is a specially tailored expropriation act. Certain rules for the economical compensation to the owner of a plant to be closed are defined in the new act. The common view in the Swedish industry is that the energy conservation methods proposed by the Government are unrealistic. During the first period of about five years the import from coal fired plants in Denmark and Germany is the only realistic alternative. Later natural gas combi units and new bioenergy plants for co-production of heat and power (CHP) might be available. (orig.) [de

  8. Bradwell Nuclear Power Station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-01-01

    When built, the Magnox reactors were expected to have operating lifetimes of 20-25 years. In order to satisfy the licensing authorities of their continued safety, long term safety reviews (LTSRs) are being carried out as the reactors reach 20 years of operation. This is the Nuclear Installations Inspectorate's (NII) summary report on Bradwell nuclear power station. The objectives of the LTSR are stated. A description of the plant is followed by an explanation of the statutory position on licensing. The responsibilities of the Central Electricity Generating Board (CEGB) and the NII are defined. From the examination of the CEGB's LTSR it is concluded that this generally confirms the validity of the existing safety case for present operation. However, some recommendations are made as to work required for reactor operation up to 1992. A summary of the NII findings is presented. This includes the reactor pressure circuit integrity, effects of ageing and in-service wear and radiation doses. (U.K.)

  9. Perspectives of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vajda, Gy.

    2001-01-01

    In several countries the construction of nuclear power plants has been stopped, and in some counties several plants have been decommissioned or are planned to. Therefore, the question arises: have nuclear power plants any future? According to the author, the question should be reformulated: can mankind survive without nuclear power? To examine this challenge, the global power demand and its trends are analyzed. According to the results, traditional energy sources cannot be adequate to supply power. Therefore, a reconsideration of nuclear power should be imminent. The economic, environmental attractions are discussed as opposite to the lack of social support. (R.P.)

  10. Nuclear Power Today and Tomorrow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bychkov, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    Worldwide, with 437 nuclear power reactors in operation and 68 new reactors under construction, nuclear power's global generating capacity reached 372.5 GW(e) at the end of 2012. Despite public scepticism, and in some cases fear, which arose following the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident, two years later the demand for nuclear power continues to grow steadily, albeit at a slower pace. A significant number of countries are pressing ahead with plans to implement or expand their nuclear power programmes because the drivers toward nuclear power that were present before Fukushima have not changed. These drivers include climate change, limited fossil fuel supply, and concerns about energy security. Globally, nuclear power looks set to continue to grow steadily, although more slowly than was expected before the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. The IAEA's latest projections show a steady rise in the number of nuclear power plants in the world in the next 20 years. They project a growth in nuclear power capacity by 23% by 2030 in the low projection and by 100% in the high projection. Most new nuclear power reactors planned or under construction are in Asia. In 2012 construction began on seven nuclear power plants: Fuqing 4, Shidaowan 1, Tianwan 3 and Yangjiang 4 in China; Shin Ulchin 1 in Korea; Baltiisk 1 in Russia; and Barakah 1 in the United Arab Emirates. This increase from the previous year's figures indicates an on-going interest and commitment to nuclear power and demonstrates that nuclear power is resilient. Countries are demanding new, innovative reactor designs from vendors to meet strict requirements for safety, national grid capacity, size and construction time, which is a sign that nuclear power is set to keep growing over the next few decades.

  11. HOMOGENEOUS NUCLEAR POWER REACTOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, L.D.P.

    1959-09-01

    A homogeneous nuclear power reactor utilizing forced circulation of the liquid fuel is described. The reactor does not require fuel handling outside of the reactor vessel during any normal operation including complete shutdown to room temperature, the reactor being selfregulating under extreme operating conditions and controlled by the thermal expansion of the liquid fuel. The liquid fuel utilized is a uranium, phosphoric acid, and water solution which requires no gus exhaust system or independent gas recombining system, thereby eliminating the handling of radioiytic gas.

  12. Nuclear power plant disasters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trott, K.R.

    1979-01-01

    The possibility of a nuclear power plant disaster is small but not excluded: in its event, assistance to the affected population mainly depends on local practitioners. Already existing diseases have to be diagnosed and treated; moreover, these physicians are responsible for the early detection of those individuals exposed to radiation doses high enough to induce acute illness. Here we present the pathogenesis, clinical development and possible diagnostic and therapeutical problems related to acute radiation-induced diseases. The differentiation of persons according to therapy need and prognosis is done on the sole base of the clinical evidence and the peripheral blood count. (orig.) [de

  13. Nuclear power plant diagnostics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hollo, E.; Siklossy, P.

    1982-01-01

    The cooling circuit vibration diagnostic system of the Block 1 of the Paks nuclear power station is described. The automatic online vibration monitoring system consisting presently of 42 acceleration sensors and 9 pressure fluctuation sensors, which could be extended, performs both global and local inspection of the primary cooling circuit and its components. The offline data processing system evaluates the data for failure mode analysis. The software under development will be appropriate for partial preliminary identification of failure reasons during their initial phases. The installation experiences and the preliminary results during the hot operational testing of Block 1 are presented. (Sz.J.)

  14. Nuclear power and the nuclear fuel cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scurr, I.F.; Silver, J.M.

    1990-01-01

    Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization maintains an ongoing assessment of the world's nuclear technology developments, as a core activity of its Strategic Plan. This publication reviews the current status of the nuclear power and the nuclear fuel cycle in Australia and around the world. Main issues discussed include: performances and economics of various types of nuclear reactors, uranium resources and requirements, fuel fabrication and technology, radioactive waste management. A brief account of the large international effort to demonstrate the feasibility of fusion power is also given. 11 tabs., ills

  15. Nuclear power generation modern power station practice

    CERN Document Server

    1971-01-01

    Nuclear Power Generation focuses on the use of nuclear reactors as heat sources for electricity generation. This volume explains how nuclear energy can be harnessed to produce power by discussing the fundamental physical facts and the properties of matter underlying the operation of a reactor. This book is comprised of five chapters and opens with an overview of nuclear physics, first by considering the structure of matter and basic physical concepts such as atomic structure and nuclear reactions. The second chapter deals with the requirements of a reactor as a heat source, along with the diff

  16. On nuclear power plant uprating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ho, S. Allen; Bailey, James V.; Maginnis, Stephen T.

    2004-01-01

    Power uprating for commercial nuclear power plants has become increasingly attractive because of pragmatic reasons. It provides quick return on investment and competitive financial benefits, while involving low risks regarding plant safety and public objection. This paper briefly discussed nuclear plant uprating guidelines, scope for design basis analysis and engineering evaluation, and presented the Salem nuclear power plant uprating study for illustration purposes. A cost and benefit evaluation of the Salem power uprating was also included. (author)

  17. Nuclear Security for Floating Nuclear Power Plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skiba, James M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Scherer, Carolynn P. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-10-13

    Recently there has been a lot of interest in small modular reactors. A specific type of these small modular reactors (SMR,) are marine based power plants called floating nuclear power plants (FNPP). These FNPPs are typically built by countries with extensive knowledge of nuclear energy, such as Russia, France, China and the US. These FNPPs are built in one country and then sent to countries in need of power and/or seawater desalination. Fifteen countries have expressed interest in acquiring such power stations. Some designs for such power stations are briefly summarized. Several different avenues for cooperation in FNPP technology are proposed, including IAEA nuclear security (i.e. safeguards), multilateral or bilateral agreements, and working with Russian design that incorporates nuclear safeguards for IAEA inspections in non-nuclear weapons states

  18. Nuclear power and nuclear safety 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauritzen, B.; Oelgaard, P.L.; Aage, H.K.; Kampmann, D.; Nystrup, P.E.; Thomsen, J.

    2012-07-01

    The report is the ninth report in a series of annual reports on the international development of nuclear power production, with special emphasis on safety issues and nuclear emergency preparedness. The report is written in collaboration between Risoe DTU and the Danish Emergency Management Agency. The report for 2011 covers the following topics: status of nuclear power production, regional trends, reactor development, safety related events, international relations and conflicts, and the Fukushima accident. (LN)

  19. Nuclear power and nuclear safety 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauritzen, B.; Oelgaard, P.L.; Kampmann, D.; Nystrup, P.E.; Thorlaksen, B.

    2010-05-01

    The report is the seventh report in a series of annual reports on the international development of nuclear power production, with special emphasis on safety issues and nuclear emergency preparedness. The report is written in collaboration between Risoe DTU and the Danish Emergency Management Agency. The report for 2009 covers the following topics: status of nuclear power production, regional trends, reactor development, safety related events, international relations, conflicts and the European safety directive. (LN)

  20. Nuclear power and nuclear safety 2012

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauritzen, B.; Nonboel, E.; Israelson, C.; Kampmann, D.; Nystrup, P.E.; Thomsen, J.

    2013-11-01

    The report is the tenth report in a series of annual reports on the international development of nuclear power production, with special emphasis on safety issues and nuclear emergency preparedness. The report is prepared in collaboration between DTU Nutech and the Danish Emergency Management Agency. The report for 2012 covers the following topics: status of nuclear power production, regional trends, reactor development, safety related events, international relations and conflicts, and the results of the EU stress test. (LN)

  1. Nuclear power. Volume 1. Nuclear power plant design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pedersen, E.S.

    1978-01-01

    NUCLEAR POWER PLANT DESIGN is intended to be used as a working reference book for management, engineers and designers, and as a graduate-level text for engineering students. The book is designed to combine theory with practical nuclear power engineering and design experience, and to give the reader an up-to-date view of the status of nuclear power and a basic understanding of how nuclear power plants function. Volume 1 contains the following chapters; (1) nuclear reactor theory; (2) nuclear reactor design; (3) types of nuclear power plants; (4) licensing requirements; (5) shielding and personnel exposure; (6) containment and structural design; (7) main steam and turbine cycles; (8) plant electrical system; (9) plant instrumentation and control systems; (10) radioactive waste disposal (waste management) and (11) conclusion

  2. International nuclear power status 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauritzen, B.; Majborn, B.; Nonboel, E.; Oelgaard, P.L.

    2002-04-01

    This report is the eighth in a series of annual reports on the international development of nuclear power with special emphasis on reactor safety. For 2001, the report contains: 1) General trends in the development of nuclear power; 2) Nuclear terrorism; 3) Statistical information on nuclear power production (in 2000); 4) An overview of safety-relevant incidents in 2001; 5) The development in West Europe; 6) The development in East Europe; 7) The development in the rest of the world; 8) Development of reactor types; 9) The nuclear fuel cycle; 10) International nuclear organisations. (au)

  3. International nuclear power status 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauritzen, B.; Majborn, B.; Nonboel, E.; Oelgaard, P.L.

    2003-03-01

    This report is the ninth in a series of annual reports on the international development of nuclear power with special emphasis on reactor safety. For 2002, the report contains: 1) General trends in the development of nuclear power; 2) Decommissioning of the nuclear facilities at Risoe National Laboratory: 3) Statistical information on nuclear power production (in 2001); 4) An overview of safety-relevant incidents in 2002; 5) The development in West Europe; 6) The development in East Europe; 7) The development in the rest of the world; 8) Development of reactor types; 9) The nuclear fuel cycle; 10) International nuclear organisations. (au)

  4. Competitiveness of nuclear power generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sumi, Yoshihiko

    1998-01-01

    In view of the various merits of nuclear power generation, Japanese electric utilities will continue to promote nuclear power generation. At the same time, however, it is essential to further enhance cost performance. Japanese electric utilities plan to reduce the cost of nuclear power generation, such as increasing the capacity factor, reducing operation and maintenance costs, and reducing construction costs. In Asia, nuclear power will also play an important role as a stable source of energy in the future. For those countries planning to newly introduce nuclear power, safety is the highest priority, and cost competitiveness is important. Moreover, financing will be an essential issue to be resolved. Japan is willing to support the establishment of nuclear power generation in Asia, through its experience and achievements. In doing this, support should not only be bilateral, but should include all nuclear nations around the Pacific rim in a multilateral support network. (author)

  5. Ecological problems of nuclear power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Babaev, N S; Demin, V F; Kuz' min, I I; Stepanchikov, V I [Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol' zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow. Inst. Atomnoj Ehnergii

    1978-10-01

    Modern power sources including nuclear one are characterized. Basic information on radiation protection of man and biosphere is presented. Problems of radiation effect of nuclear fuel cycle enterprises on population and environment are discussed. Comparative evaluation of nuclear and thermal power effect on biosphere is made. It is shown that nuclear power is the safest power source at the present development state. The conclusion is drawn that the use of nuclear energy controlled and limited by scientifically founded norms does not present radiation hazard for population and environment.

  6. Nuclear power in western society

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Franklin, N.L.

    1977-01-01

    The degree to which problems of public acceptance have contributed to the slowdown in progress of nuclear power in Western European countries and the USA is discussed. Some of the effects on the nuclear power industry, i.e. the electrical utilities, the power station suppliers, and the fuel cycle contractors are described. The problem of the lack of public acceptance is examined by consideration of four areas: the position of the employee working in nuclear installations, opposition from the local community, the question of terrorism and its impact on nuclear policy, and finally, what is felt to constitute the greatest anxiety concerning nuclear power, that of proliferation. (U.K.)

  7. Is nuclear power and alternative?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lejon, E.

    1996-01-01

    In this chapter of the book author deals with the historical background for the nuclear energy power. Some statistical data about nuclear power stations as well as on radioactive wastes are given. The Chernobyl catastrophe is described. Author thinks that nuclear energy is not safe and it has no perspective in future

  8. Nuclear power and the nuclear fuel cycle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-07-01

    The IAEA is organizing a major conference on nuclear power and the nuclear fuel cycle, which is to be held from 2 to 13 May 1977 in Salzburg, Austria. The programme for the conference was published in the preceding issue of the IAEA Bulletin (Vol.18, No. 3/4). Topics to be covered at the conference include: world energy supply and demand, supply of nuclear fuel and fuel cycle services, radioactivity management (including transport), nuclear safety, public acceptance of nuclear power, safeguarding of nuclear materials, and nuclear power prospects in developing countries. The articles in the section that follows are intended to serve as an introduction to the topics to be discussed at the Salzburg Conference. They deal with the demand for uranium and nuclear fuel cycle services, uranium supplies, a computer simulation of regional fuel cycle centres, nuclear safety codes, management of radioactive wastes, and a pioneering research project on factors that determine public attitudes toward nuclear power. It is planned to present additional background articles, including a review of the world nuclear fuel reprocessing situation and developments in the uranium enrichment industry, in future issues of the Bulletin. (author)

  9. Nuclear Power Division

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1981-01-01

    The 1981-85 research program planned by the Nuclear Power Division of EPRI places major emphasis on the assurance of safety and realiability of light water reactors (LWRs). Of high priority is a better knowledge of LWR-system behavior undeer abnormal conditions and the behavior of structural materials used for pressure vessels, piping, and large nuclear-plant components. Strong emphasis is also placed on achieving the most-effective performance and utilization of nuclear fuels and improving the corrosion resistance of pressurized-water-reactor steam generators. Efforts are underway to reduce radiation exposure and outage duration and to investigate the human factors involved in plant operation and maintenance. Substantial emphasis is placed on short-range goals designed to achieve useful results in the next two to seven years. The Division's mid- and long-range goal is to improve the use of fissionable and fertile materials and aid in the realization of other reactor systems. A series of general goals, categorized into three time frames and planned expenditures shows the trend of work to be undertaken. 53 figures

  10. Nuclear power in Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koryakin, Yu.I.

    1977-01-01

    The present states of nuclear power in Spain is shortly surveyed. Data are provided on NPPs currently in operation, under construction, designed and planned. In line with the 10-year ''National programme of electricity supply'' a major and all increasing part of the electricity generation growth is to be ensured by NPPs and to account for more than 50% by the end of the period (1987). Out of the 7 units of NPPs now under construction, 6 units utilize PWR reactors and only 1 unit- a BWR reactor. The roles of private and public sectors are noted. Main characteristics of the ''ENSA'' plant now under construction are provided where components of NPPs with PWR and BWR reactors will be fabricated. Major developments in the fields of mining, milling and extraction of U from lignites, U enrichment, fuel fabrication and spent fuel reprocessing are considered. Measures now taken to improve the licensing procedure, surveillance of NPPs and personnel training are to advance the nuclear power development programme in the country

  11. Nuclear power: how and why

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-10-01

    The subject is discussed, with special reference to the United Kingdom, under the headings: the need for nuclear power; Britain's experience (nuclear reactors); the nuclear process; how fuel is made; recycling fuel; wastes and their treatment; decommissioning; fast reactors; nuclear fusion; safety and radiation. (U.K.)

  12. Nuclear power plant emergency preparedness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    The guide sets forth detailed requirements on how the licensee of a nuclear power plant shall plan, implement and maintain emergency response arrangements. The guide is also applied to nuclear material and nuclear waste transport in situations referred to in guide YVL 6.5. Requirements on physical protection are presented in a separate guide of Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK)

  13. Nuclear power without nuclear weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaiser, K.; Klein, F.J.

    1982-01-01

    In this study leading experts summarize the work of a working group meeting during several years, and they represent the state of the art of the international discussion about the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. The technical basis of proliferation, the relations between energy policy and nuclear energy, as well as the development of the non-proliferation system up to the present are thoroughly studied. Special attention is paid to the further development of the instruments of the non-proliferation policy, and approaches and ways to improving the control of the fuel cycle, e.g. by means of multinational methods or by improving the control requirements are analyzed. Also the field of positive inducements and negative sanctions to prevent the proliferation as well as the question of ensured supply are elucidated in detail. A further section then analyzes the functions of the international organizations active in this field and the nuclear policy of the most important western industrial nations, the RGW-states and the threshold countries of the Third World. This volume pays special attention to the nuclear policy of the Federal Republic of Germany and to the possibilities and necessities of a further development of the non-proliferation policy. (orig.) [de

  14. Canada's steps towards nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lewis, W.B.

    1958-09-01

    This paper describes the policy development of nuclear power in Canada. Canada has a natural abundance of coal, oil, natural gas, water power and uranium. It was recognized that the demand for nuclear power would only materialize if it met an economically competitive range.

  15. Fields of nuclear power application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laue, H.J.

    1975-01-01

    The paper deals with nuclear power application in fields different from electricity generation, i.e. district heating, sea water desalination, coal gasification and nuclear splitting of water. (RW) [de

  16. Nuclear power: a British view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shaw, G.

    1985-01-01

    The subject is covered in sections, entitled: importance of nuclear power; the problems; fuel availability (uranium purchasing policy; uranium market; longer-term demand; enrichment market; fast reactor); non-proliferation and nuclear export policy; public acceptability. (U.K.)

  17. Services for nuclear power stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fremann, M.; Ryckelynck

    1987-01-01

    This article gives an information as complete as possible about the activities of the french nuclear industry on the export-market. It describes the equipment and services available in the field of services for nuclear power stations [fr

  18. The benefits of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1988-01-01

    This article briefly outlines the benefits of nuclear power. Nuclear electricity generation is compared with fossil-fuel generated electricity in terms of environmental pollution and accidents and disease hazards

  19. Nuclear power in Eastern Europe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, S. (Sussex Univ., Brighton (UK). Science Policy Research Unit)

    1991-01-01

    The main aim of this article is that of illustrating the experience of the use of nuclear power in Eastern Europe in order to estimate the degree of adequacy or inadequacy of COMECON's nuclear technology. The author examines four areas of interest concerning: the feasibility of new orders for nuclear plants in Eastern Europe; the pros and cons of completing half-built nuclear power plants; current policy towards existing nuclear power plants; and a review of the available evidence on the operating performance of plants in Eastern Europe. The common belief that the nuclear power experience had by old COMECON countries is uniformly bad does not seem to be fully supported by the limited evidence available. In the author's opinion, the prospects for a successful nuclear power industry in these countries depends on a series on interdependent factors among which, human skills hold a prominent position.

  20. Nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ushijima, Susumu.

    1984-01-01

    Purpose: To enable to prevent the degradation in the quality of condensated water in a case where sea water leakage should occur in a steam condenser of a BWR type nuclear power plant. Constitution: Increase in the ion concentration in condensated water is detected by an ion concentration detector and the leaking factor of sea water is calculated in a leaking factor calculator. If the sea water leaking factor exceeds a predetermined value, a leak generation signal is sent from a judging device to a reactor power control device to reduce the reactor power. At ehe same tiem, the leak generation signal is also sent to a steam condenser selection and isolation device to interrupt the sea water pump of a specified steam condenser based on the signal from the ion concentration detector, as well as close the inlet and outlet valves while open vent and drain valves to thereby forcively discharge the sea water in the cooling water pipes. This can keep the condensate desalting device from ion breaking and prevent the degradation in the quality of the reactor water. (Horiuchi, T.)

  1. Nuclear power. Volume 2. Nuclear power project management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pedersen, E.S.

    1978-01-01

    NUCLEAR POWER PLANT DESIGN is intended to be used as a working reference book for management, engineers and designers, and as a graduate-level text for engineering students. The book is designed to combine theory with practical nuclear power engineering and design experience, and to give the reader an up-to-date view of the status of nuclear power and a basic understanding of how nuclear power plants function. Volume 2 contains the following chapters: (1) review of nuclear power plants; (2) licensing procedures; (3) safety analysis; (4) project professional services; (5) quality assurance and project organization; (6) construction, scheduling, and operation; (7) nuclear fuel handling and fuel management; (8) plant cost management; and (9) conclusion

  2. Problems of nuclear power development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Panasenkov, A.

    1982-01-01

    The answers are reported given by the head of the department for peaceful uses of nuclear energy of the secretariat of the Council of Mutual Economic Assistance, Mr. A. Pasenkov to questions given him in an interview for APN. The questions were related to the current state and development of world nuclear power, nuclear safety and the attitude of the general public to nuclear power in the West and in the CMEA countries. (B.S.)

  3. Nuclear power 2005: European report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2006-01-01

    In 2005, nuclear power plants were operated and/or built in eighteen European countries. Thirteen of these countries are members of EU-25. Five of the ten countries joining the European Union on May 1, 2004 operate nuclear power stations. A total of 204 power reactors with a gross power of 181,030 MWe and a net power of 171,8479 MWe were in operation at the end of the year. In 2005, no nuclear power plant was commissioned. Two nuclear power plants were decommissioned in Europe in the course of 2005. In Germany the Obrigheim NPP and in Sweden the Barsebaeck 2 NPP have been permanently shut down due to political decisions. As a result of ongoing technical optimization in some plants, involving increases in reactor power or generator power as well as commissioning of plants of higher capacity, nuclear generating capacity increased by approx. 1.6 GW. In late 2005, five nuclear generating units were under construction in Finland (1), Romania (1), and Russia (3). 148 nuclear power plants were operated in thirteen states of the European Union (EU-25). They had an aggregate gross power of 137,023 MWe and a net power of 130,415 MWe, generating approx. 970 billion gross kWh of electricity in 2005, thus again contributing some 31% to the public electricity supply in the EU-25. In largest share of nuclear power in electricity generation is found in France (80%), followed by 72% in Lithuania, 55% in the Slovak Republic, 55% in Belgium, and 51% in Ukraine. In several countries not operating nuclear power plants of their own, such as Italy, Portugal, and Austria, nuclear power makes considerable contributions to public electricity supply as a result of electricity imports. (All statistical data in the country report apply to 2004 unless indicated otherwise. This is the year for which sound preliminary data are currently available for the states listed.) (orig.)

  4. Discharges from nuclear power stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-02-01

    HM Inspectorate of Pollution commissioned, with authorising responsibilities in England and Wales, a study into the discharges of radioactive effluents from Nuclear Power Stations. The study considered arisings from nuclear power stations in Europe and the USA and the technologies to treat and control the radioactive discharges. This report contains details of the technologies used at many nuclear power stations to treat and control radioactive discharges and gives, where information was available, details of discharges and authorised discharge limits. (author)

  5. Energy situation and nuclear power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Megahid, M R [Reactor and Neutron physics Department Nuclear Research Center A.E., Cairo (Egypt)

    1997-12-31

    A brief general review is given concerning the requirements of power throughout history with an indication to the world capital reserves of energy. The energy released from the conversion of mass in chemical and nuclear processes is also discussed with comparative analysis between conventional fuel fired plant and nuclear power plant having the same energy output. The advantages and disadvantages arising from having a nuclear power programme are also discussed. 1 fig.

  6. Nuclear power news no 38

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1986-01-01

    The following matters are treated: What happened at the Chernobyl accident? - The Russian graphite reactor - a comparison with light water reactors. - The Soviet program for nuclear power. - Serious organizational unsatisfactory state of things at the nuclear power plants of Soviet. - Graphite reactors of the nuclear power program of the world. - The radioactive fallout in Sweden after Chernobyl. - The risks involved in radioactive radiation - an experts conception

  7. Manpower development for nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-01-01

    This Guidebook provides policy-makers and managers of nuclear power programmes with information and guidance on the role, requirements, planning and implementation of manpower development programmes. It presents and discusses the manpower requirements associated with the activities of a nuclear power programme, the technical qualifications of this manpower and the manpower development corresponding to these requirements and qualifications. The Guidebook also discusses the purpose and conditions of national participation in the activities of a nuclear power programme

  8. Nuclear power - facts, trends, problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spickermann, W.

    1981-01-01

    An attempt has been made to describe the state-of-the-art of nuclear power utilization, particularly for energy production. On the basis of information obtained from study tours through the USSR a rather comprehensive review of nuclear power plants and research establishments in the Soviet Union, of desalination reactors, ship propulsion reactors and fast breeder reactors is given, including nuclear facilities of other countries, e.g. France, USA, GDR. Heat generation, radiation-induced chemical processes and aspects associated with nuclear energy uses, such as risks, environmental protection or radioactive wastes, are also considered. Moreover, the author attempts to outline the social relevance of nuclear power

  9. Wuergassen nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1989-01-01

    The decision of the Federal Court of Administration concerns an application for immediate decommissioning of a nuclear power plant (Wuergassen reactor): The repeal of the permit granted. The decision dismisses the appeal for non-admission lodged by the plaintiffs against the ruling of the Higher Court of Administration (OVG) of North-Rhine Westphalia of December 19th 1988 (File no. 21 AK 8/88). As to the matter in dispute, the Federal Court of Administration confirms the opinion of the Higher Court of Administration. As to the headnotes, reference can be made to that decision. Federal Court of Administration, decision of April 5th 1989 - 7 B 47.89. Lower instance: OVG NW, Az.: 21 AK 8/88. (orig./RST) [de

  10. Nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uruma, Hiroshi

    1998-01-01

    In the first embodiment of the present invention, elements less activated by neutrons are used as reactor core structural materials placed under high neutron irradiation. In the second embodiment of the present invention, materials less activated by neutrons when corrosive materials intrude to a reactor core are used as structural materials constituting portions where corrosion products are generated. In the third embodiment, chemical species comprising elements less activated by neutrons are used as chemical species to be added to reactor water with an aim of controlling water quality. A nuclear power plant causing less radioactivity can be provided by using structural materials comprising a group of specific elements hardly forming radioactivity by activation of neutrons or by controlling isotope ratios. (N.H.)

  11. Nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schabert, H.P.

    1976-01-01

    A nuclear power plant is described which includes a steam generator supplied via an input inlet with feedwater heated by reactor coolant to generate steam, the steam being conducted to a steam engine having a high pressure stage to which the steam is supplied, and which exhausts the steam through a reheater to a low pressure stage. The reheater is a heat exchanger requiring a supply of hot fluid. To avoid the extra load that would be placed on the steam generator by using a portion of its steam output as such heating fluid, a portion of the water in the steam generator is removed and passed through the reheater, this water having received at least adequate heating in the steam generator to make the reheater effective, but not at the time of its removal being in a boiling condition

  12. Nuclear power ecology: comparative analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trofimenko, A.P.; Lips'ka, A.Yi.; Pisanko, Zh.Yi.

    2005-01-01

    Ecological effects of different energy sources are compared. Main actions for further nuclear power development - safety increase and waste management, are noted. Reasons of restrained public position to nuclear power and role of social and political factors in it are analyzed. An attempt is undertaken to separate real difficulties of nuclear power from imaginary ones that appear in some mass media. International actions of environment protection are noted. Risk factors at different energy source using are compared. The results of analysis indicate that ecological influence and risk for nuclear power are of minimum

  13. Nuclear power reactor physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barjon, Robert

    1975-01-01

    The purpose of this book is to explain the physical working conditions of nuclear reactors for the benefit of non-specialized engineers and engineering students. One of the leading ideas of this course is to distinguish between two fundamentally different concepts: - a science which could be called neutrodynamics (as distinct from neutron physics which covers the knowledge of the neutron considered as an elementary particle and the study of its interactions with nuclei); the aim of this science is to study the interaction of the neutron gas with real material media; the introduction will however be restricted to its simplified expression, the theory and equation of diffusion; - a special application: reactor physics, which is introduced when the diffusing and absorbing material medium is also multiplying. For this reason the chapter on fission is used to introduce this section. In practice the section on reactor physics is much longer than that devoted to neutrodynamics and it is developed in what seemed to be the most relevant direction: nuclear power reactors. Every effort was made to meet the following three requirements: to define the physical bases of neutron interaction with different materials, to give a correct mathematical treatment within the limit of necessary simplifying hypotheses clearly explained; to propose, whenever possible, numerical applications in order to fix orders of magnitude [fr

  14. Nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kiyokawa, Teruyuki; Soman, Yoshindo.

    1985-01-01

    Purpose: To constitute a heat exchanger as one unit by integrating primary and secondary coolant circuits with secondary coolant circuit and steam circuit into a single primary circuit and steam circuit. Constitution: A nuclear power plant comprises a nuclear reactor vessel, primary coolant pipeways and a leakage detection system, in which a dual-pipe type heat exchanger is connected to the primary circuit pipeway. The heat conduction tube of the heat exchanger has a dual pipe structure, in which the inside of the inner tube is connected to the primary circuit pipeway, the outside of the outer tube is connected to steam circuit pipeway and a fluid channel is disposed between the inner and outer tubes and the fluid channel is connected to the inside of an expansion tank for intermediate heat medium. The leak detection system is disposed to the intermediate heat medium expansion tank. Sodium as the intermediate heat medium is introduced from the intermediate portion (between the inner and outer tubes) by way of inermediate heat medium pipeways to the intermediate heat medium expansion tank and, further, to the intermediate portion for recycling. (Kawakami, Y.)

  15. Nuclear power in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1984-01-01

    The increase in electronuclear production is the result of an investment policy which was started twenty years ago and actively pursued, notably by France where the programme was speeded up during the last decade. Over the whole of Europe taken in the widest sense, that is to say over the 10 million sq kms which stretch from the Atlantic to the Eastern borders of the Soviet Union with its population of nearly 664 million inhabitants (a sixth of the world population), the number of reactors continues to grow. In Eastern Europe a major investment programme is in progress and the Soviets have already reached the 1,500 MWe level. In the West, after a period of uncertainty marked by a systematic opposition to nuclear, public opinion is now much more favourable to this form of energy. The next referendum due to be held in Switzerland is likely to confirm this trend. There is still some uncertainty over the size of programmes as in Spain and Italy but it is true that the economic crisis had lead to a cut-back in energy demand. Consumption increases however turn up increasingly often. The following study examines 17 European countries which have already built nuclear power plants or are just about to do so [fr

  16. Nuclear power perspective in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Xinrong; Xu Changhua

    2003-01-01

    China started developing nuclear technology for power generation in the 1970s. A substantial step toward building nuclear power plants was taken as the beginning of 1980 s. The successful constructions and operations of Qinshan - 1 NPP, which was an indigenous PWR design with the capacity of 300 MWe, and Daya Bay NPP, which was an imported twin-unit PWR plant from France with the capacity of 900 MWe each, give impetus to further Chinese nuclear power development. Now there are 8 units with the total capacity of 6100 MWe in operation and 3 units with the total capacity of 2600 MWe under construction. For the sake of meeting the increasing demand for electricity for the sustainable economic development, changing the energy mix and mitigating the environment pollution impact caused by fossil fuel power plant, a near and middle term electrical power development program will be established soon. It is preliminarily predicted that the total power installation capacity will be 750-800GWe by the year 2020. The nuclear share will account for at least 4.0-4.5 percent of the total. This situation leaves the Chinese nuclear power industry with a good opportunity but also a great challenge. A practical nuclear power program and a consistent policy and strategy for future nuclear power development will be carefully prepared and implemented so as to maintain the nuclear power industry to be healthfully developed. (author)

  17. Nuclear power plant operator licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    The guide applies to the nuclear power plant operator licensing procedure referred to the section 128 of the Finnish Nuclear Energy Degree. The licensing procedure applies to shift supervisors and those operators of the shift teams of nuclear power plant units who manipulate the controls of nuclear power plants systems in the main control room. The qualification requirements presented in the guide also apply to nuclear safety engineers who work in the main control room and provide support to the shift supervisors, operation engineers who are the immediate superiors of shift supervisors, heads of the operational planning units and simulator instructors. The operator licensing procedure for other nuclear facilities are decided case by case. The requirements for the basic education, work experience and the initial, refresher and complementary training of nuclear power plant operating personnel are presented in the YVL guide 1.7. (2 refs.)

  18. Nuclear Power Plant Module, NPP-1: Nuclear Power Cost Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitelaw, Robert L.

    The purpose of the Nuclear Power Plant Modules, NPP-1, is to determine the total cost of electricity from a nuclear power plant in terms of all the components contributing to cost. The plan of analysis is in five parts: (1) general formulation of the cost equation; (2) capital cost and fixed charges thereon; (3) operational cost for labor,…

  19. Nuclear power falling to pieces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moberg, Aa.

    1985-01-01

    The international development during the 80s is reviewed. It is stated that the construction of plants has come to a standstill. The forecasting of nuclear power as a simple and cheap source of energy has been erroneous because of cracks and leakage, unsolved waste problems and incidents. Nuclear power companies go into liquidation and reactors are for sale. Sweden has become the country with most nuclear power per capita mainly due to its controlled decommissioning. The civilian nuclear power makes the proliferation of nuclear weapons possible. With 324 reactors all over the world, a conventional war may cause disasters like Hiroshima. It is stated that the nuclear power is a dangerous and expensive source of energy and impossible to manage. (G.B.)

  20. Nuclear power - the Hydra's head

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bunyard, P

    1986-01-01

    Following the accident at Chernobyl, the nuclear policies of many governments have been reconsidered and restated. Those in favour of nuclear power are those with highly centralised state bureaucracies, such as France and the USSR, where public opinion is disregarded. In more democratic countries, where referenda are held, such as Austria and Sweden, the people have chosen to do away with nuclear power. Indeed, the author states that nuclear power represents the State against the people, the State against democracy. Reference is made to the IAEA Reactor Safety Conference held in September, 1986, in Vienna, and the declaration sent to it by AntiAtom International. This called for the United Nations to promote the phasing out of nuclear power facilities throughout the world. It also called on the IAEA to support the phasing out of nuclear power and promote benign energy forms instead.

  1. Nuclear power - the Hydra's head

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bunyard, Peter.

    1986-01-01

    Following the accident at Chernobyl, the nuclear policies of many governments have been reconsidered and restated. Those in favour of nuclear power are those with highly centralised state bureaucracies, such as France and the USSR, where public opinion is disregarded. In more democratic countries, where referenda are held, such as Austria and Sweden, the people have chosen to do away with nuclear power. Indeed, the author states that nuclear power represents the State against the people, the State against democracy. Reference is made to the IAEA Reactor Safety Conference held in September, 1986, in Vienna, and the declaration sent to it by AntiAtom International. This called for the United Nations to promote the phasing out of nuclear power facilities throughout the world. It also called on the IAEA to support the phasing out of nuclear power and promote benign energy forms instead. (UK)

  2. Nuclear power and the UK

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murphy, St.

    2009-01-01

    This series of slides describes the policy of the UK government concerning nuclear power. In January 2008 the UK Government published the White Paper on the Future of Nuclear Power. The White Paper concluded that new nuclear power stations should have a role to play in this country's future energy mix. The role of the Government is neither to build nuclear power plants nor to finance them. The White Paper set out the facilitative actions the Government planned to take to reduce regulatory and planning risks associated with investing in new nuclear power stations. The White Paper followed a lengthy period of consultation where the UK Government sought a wide variety of views from stakeholders and the public across the country on the future of nuclear power. In total energy companies will need to invest in around 30-35 GW of new electricity generating capacity over the next two decades. This is equivalent to about one-third of our existing capacity. The first plants are expected to enter into service by 2018 or sooner. The Office for Nuclear Development (OND) has been created to facilitate new nuclear investment in the UK while the Nuclear Development Forum (NDF) has been established to lock in momentum to secure the long-term future of nuclear power generation in the UK. (A.C.)

  3. Nuclear power in human medicine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuczera, Bernhard

    2012-01-01

    The public widely associate nuclear power with the megawatt dimensions of nuclear power plants in which nuclear power is released and used for electricity production. While this use of nuclear power for electricity generation is rejected by part of the population adopting the polemic attitude of ''opting out of nuclear,'' the application of nuclear power in medicine is generally accepted. The appreciative, positive term used in this case is nuclear medicine. Both areas, nuclear medicine and environmentally friendly nuclear electricity production, can be traced back to one common origin, i.e. the ''Atoms for Peace'' speech by U.S. President Eisenhower to the U.N. Plenary Assembly on December 8, 1953. The methods of examination and treatment in nuclear medicine are illustrated in a few examples from the perspective of a nuclear engineer. Nuclear medicine is a medical discipline dealing with the use of radionuclides in humans for medical purposes. This is based on 2 principles, namely that the human organism is unable to distinguish among different isotopes in metabolic processes, and the radioactive substances are employed in amounts so small that metabolic processes will not be influenced. As in classical medicine, the application of these principles serves two complementary purposes: diagnosis and therapy. (orig.)

  4. Editorial : Introduction to Energy Strategy Reviews theme issue “Nuclear energy today & strategies for tomorrow”

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rogner, H.H.; Weijermars, R.

    2013-01-01

    Finding the optimum energy supply system is one of the aims of energy strategy research and nuclear energy is a much debated real option. Proponents of nuclear energy argue that there are no technologies without risks and that nuclear power is needed for meeting growing energy demand in the emerging

  5. Nuclear power in the USSR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasiliev, V A

    1981-04-01

    This article examines the role of nuclear power in the USSR. Since the beginning of development of power reactors in the Soviet Union in the 1950s, their contribution had grown to 6% of all electric power by 1980. Reactor development has proceeded rapidly, with a number of reactor designs in use. Fast-breeder reactors and designs for specialized applications are under development. It is anticipated that the contribution of nuclear power will continue to grow. The status of nuclear power stations at 20 locations is summarized in a table.

  6. Nuclear power in the USSR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vasiliev, V.A.

    1982-01-01

    This Article examines the role of nuclear power in the USSR. Since the beginning of development of power reactors in the Soviet Union in the 1950s, their contribution had grown to 6% of all electric power by 1980. Reactor development has proceeded rapidly, with a number of reactor designs in use. Fast breeder reactors and designs for specialized applications are under development. It is anticipated that the contribution of nuclear power will continue to grow. (author)

  7. Power peaking nuclear reliability factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hassan, H.A.; Pegram, J.W.; Mays, C.W.; Romano, J.J.; Woods, J.J.; Warren, H.D.

    1977-11-01

    The Calculational Nuclear Reliability Factor (CNRF) assigned to the limiting power density calculated in reactor design has been determined. The CNRF is presented as a function of the relative power density of the fuel assembly and its radial local. In addition, the Measurement Nuclear Reliability Factor (MNRF) for the measured peak hot pellet power in the core has been evaluated. This MNRF is also presented as a function of the relative power density and radial local within the fuel assembly

  8. Nuclear power in the USSR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasiliev, V A [AN SSSR, Moscow. Akusticheskij Inst.

    1982-04-01

    This Article examines the role of nuclear power in the USSR. Since the beginning of development of power reactors in the Soviet Union in the 1950s, their contribution had grown to 6% of all electric power by 1980. Reactor development has proceeded rapidly, with a number of reactor designs in use. Fast breeder reactors and designs for specialized applications are under development. It is anticipated that the contribution of nuclear power will continue to grow.

  9. Nuclear power in the USSR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasiliev, V A [State Committee for Science and Technology, Moscow, USSR

    1981-04-01

    This article examines the role of nuclear power in the USSR. Since the beginning of development of power reactors in the Soviet Union in the 1950's, their contribution had grown to six per cent of all electric power by 1980. Reactor development has proceeded rapidly, with a number of reactor designs in use. Fast breeder reactors and designs for specialized applications are under development. It is anticipated that the contribution of nuclear power will continue to grow.

  10. Nuclear power and other thermal power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bakke, J.

    1978-01-01

    Some philosophical aspects of mortality statistics are first briefly mentioued, then the environmental problems of, first, nuclear power plants, then fossil fuelled power plants are summarised. The effects of releases of carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are briefly discussed. The possible health effects of radiation from nuclear power plants and those of gaseous and particulate effluents from fossil fuel plants are also discussed. It is pointed out that in choosing between alternative evils the worst course is to make no choice at all, that is, failure to install thermal power plants will lead to isolated domestic burning of fossil fuels which is clearly the worst situation regarding pollution. (JIW)

  11. Power generation costs. Coal - nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1979-01-01

    This supplement volume contains 17 separate chapters investigating the parameters which determine power generation costs on the basis of coal and nuclear power and a comparison of these. A detailed calculation model is given. The complex nature of this type of cost comparison is shown by a review of selected parameter constellation for coal-fired and nuclear power plants. The most favourable method of power generation can only be determined if all parameters are viewed together. One quite important parameter is the load factor, or rather the hours of operation. (UA) 891 UA/UA 892 AMO [de

  12. New approaches to nuclear power

    KAUST Repository

    Dewan, Leslie

    2018-01-21

    The world needs a cheap, carbon-free alternative to fossil fuels to feed its growing electricity demand. Nuclear power can be a good solution to the problem, but is hindered by issues of safety, waste, proliferation, and cost. But what if we could try a new approach to nuclear power, one that solves these problems? In this lecture, the CEO of Transatomic Power will talk about how their company is advancing the design of a compact molten salt reactor to support the future of carbon-free energy production. Can the designs of new reactor push the boundaries of nuclear technology to allow for a safe, clean, and affordable answer to humanityメs energy needs? Nuclear power involves capturing the energy produced in nuclear fission reactions, which emerges as heat. This heat is most frequently used to boil water into steam, which then drives a turbine to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant. Worldwide, there is a renaissance of new nuclear technology development -- a new generation of young engineers are racing to develop more advanced nuclear reactors for a better form of power generation. Transatomic Power, specifically, is advancing the design of an easily contained and controlled, atmospheric pressure, high power density molten salt reactor that can be built at low cost. The road to commercialization is long, and poses many challenges, but the benefits are enormous. These new reactors push the boundaries of technology to allow for better, safer ways to power the world.

  13. Images of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hashiguchi, Katsuhisa; Misumi, Jyuji; Yamada, Akira; Sakurai, Yukihiro; Seki, Fumiyasu; Shinohara, Hirofumi; Misumi, Emiko; Kinjou, Akira; Kubo, Tomonori.

    1995-01-01

    This study was conducted to check and see, using Hayashi's quantification method III, whether or not the respondents differed in their images of a nuclear power plant, depending on their demographic variables particularly occupations. In our simple tabulation, we compared subject groups of nuclear power plant employees with general citizens, nurses and students in terms of their images of a nuclear power plant. The results were that while the nuclear power plant employees were high in their evaluations of facts about a nuclear power plant and in their positive images of a nuclear power plant, general citizens, nurses and students were overwhelmingly high in their negative images of a nuclear power plant. In our analysis on category score by means of the quantification method III, the first correlation axis was the dimension of 'safety'-'danger' and the second correlation axis was the dimension of 'subjectivity'-'objectivity', and that the first quadrant was the area of 'safety-subjectivity', the second quadrant was the area of 'danger-subjectivity', the third quadrant as the area of 'danger-objectivity', and the forth quadrant was the area of 'safety-objectivity'. In our analysis of sample score, 16 occupation groups was compared. As a result, it was found that the 16 occupation groups' images of a nuclear power plant were, in the order of favorableness, (1) section chiefs in charge, maintenance subsection chiefs, maintenance foremen, (2) field leaders from subcontractors, (3) maintenance section members, operation section members, (4) employees of those subcontractors, (5) general citizens, nurses and students. On the 'safety-danger' dimension, nuclear power plant workers on the one hand and general citizens, nurses and students on the other were clearly divided in terms of their images of a nuclear power plant. Nuclear power plant workers were concentrated in the area of 'safety' and general citizens, nurses and students in the area of 'danger'. (J.P.N.)

  14. US nuclear power industry overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wood, C.J.

    1995-01-01

    The electric utilities in the United States are facing a number of challenges as deregulation proceeds. Cost control is one of these challenges that impacts directly the operators of nuclear power plants. This presentation reviews recent data on the performance of nuclear power plants and discusses technical developments to reduce operating costs, with particular reference to low-level radioactive waste issues

  15. Islands for nuclear power stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Usher, E.F.F.W.; Fraser, A.P.

    1981-01-01

    The safety principles, design criteria and types of artificial island for an offshore nuclear power station are discussed with particular reference to siting adjacent to an industrial island. The paper concludes that the engineering problems are soluble and that offshore nuclear power stations will eventually be built but that much fundamental work is still required. (author)

  16. Nuclear power - the moral question

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Searby, P.

    1978-01-01

    Nuclear power has raised moral and ethical as well as technological issues and the British Council of churches, recognising this, has participated in the UK nuclear power debate. In this short article, Mr Philip Searby, Secretary of the UKAEA, considers some of the views adopted by the Council. (author)

  17. Nuclear power and the environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1970-07-01

    One of the most important points of agreement arising from international studies of nuclear energy is that no significant change to the environment has occurred as a result of operating power plants. This emerged from the Agency's symposium at United Nations headquarters during August on Environmental Aspects of Nuclear Power. (author)

  18. Competitive economics of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hellman, R.

    1981-01-01

    Some 12 components of a valid study of the competitive economics of a newly ordered nuclear power plant are identified and explicated. These are then used to adjust the original cost projections of four authoritative studies of nuclear and coal power economics

  19. Social aspects of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koryakin, Yu.I.

    1990-01-01

    Social aspects of nuclear power crisis in the USSR are considered. It is shown that the system of economic and social stimulation and different compensations widely used abroad when locating nuclear power plants, is the effective factor, providing loyal attitude to them

  20. Nuclear power development in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sugawara, A.

    1994-01-01

    Energy situation in Japan and Japan's strategy for stable supply of energy are discussed. Benefits of nuclear power in comparison with other energy sources is considered. History of nuclear power development in Japan, modern status and future trends are described. 6 figs

  1. 25 years of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pocock, R.F.

    1984-01-01

    The paper lists some of the notable events of the British nuclear power industry during the past 25 years. The list includes achievements in nuclear power station technology, administrative reorganisation and public concern about the industry's impact on the environment. (U.K.)

  2. Nuclear power in the US

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Judson, Tim

    2018-01-01

    The Trump government promotes the further operation of aging nuclear power plants in the US by governmental support although several operators close their nuclear power plants due to economic reasons. The Trump government is also repowering the Yucca-Mountain-Project for radioactive waste disposal that was stopped by the Obama government based on geological problems in the region.

  3. International nuclear power status 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauritzen, B.; Majborn, B.; Nonboel, E.; Oelgaard, P.L.

    2001-03-01

    This report is the seventh in a series of annual reports on the international development of nuclear power with special emphasis on reactor safety. For 2000, the report contains: 1. General trends in the development of nuclear power. 2. Deposition of low-level radioactive waste. 3. Statistical information on nuclear power production (in 1999). 4. An overview of safety-relevant incidents in 2000. 5. The development in Sweden. 6. The development in Eastern Europe. 7. The development in the rest of the world. 8. Trends in the development of reactor types. 9. Trends in the development of the nuclear fuel cycle. (au)

  4. The collapse of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jeffery, J.W.

    1991-01-01

    The decision of the UK government of 9 November 1989, withdrawing all nuclear stations from privatization and cancelling the three PWRs which were to have followed on from Sizewell B, was a shattering blow to the nuclear industry. The reversal (at least temporarily) of decades of government support for nuclear power, and the figures which were becoming available of its relatively high-cost (confirmed by the levy on electricity sales to subsidize nuclear and other non-fossil generation), caused the House of Commons Energy Select Committee to conduct the inquiry culminating in its Report The Cost of Nuclear power. (author)

  5. Crunch time for nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Edwards, Rob.

    1994-01-01

    The Federal Republic of Germany, one of the most advanced nations, technically has a thriving nuclear power industry. However there is stiff opposition to nuclear power from political parties and environmental groups. General elections due to be held in mid October hold the future of the nuclear industry in the balance. If the present opposition party comes to power, it is committed to a policy of phasing out nuclear power completely. At the centre of the political uproar is the Gorleben ''interim store'' which is intended to house Germany's spent fuel for at least the next forty years. The nuclear industry must resolve the issue of nuclear waste disposal to the voters' satisfaction if it is to have a viable future. (UK)

  6. Nuclear power and the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blix, H.

    1989-11-01

    The IAEA Director General pointed out that continued and expanded use of nuclear power must be one among several measures to restrain the use of fossil fuels and thereby limit the emissions of greenhouse gases. With regards to future trends in world electricity demands, the Director General emphasized the existing gap between the frequent claims as to what conservation can achieve and actual energy plans. The objections to nuclear power which are related to safety, waste disposal and the risk of proliferation of nuclear weapons are also discussed. His conclusion is that nuclear power can help significantly to meet growing needs of electricity without contributing to global warming, acid rains or dying forests, responsible management and disposal of nuclear wastes is entirely feasible, and the safety of nuclear power must be continuously strengthened through technological improvement and methods of operation

  7. Nuclear power in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morrison, R.W.

    1980-01-01

    A few of the essential issues which arise when we consider nuclear power and development together in the context of energy policy are discussed. Ethical concerns must ultimately be expressed through policies and their impact on people. There are ethical issues associated with nuclear power in the developing countries which deserve our attention. Four aspects of the question of nuclear power in developing countries are considered: their energy situation; the characteristics of nuclear power which are relevant to them; whether developing countries will undertake nuclear power programmes; and finally the ethical implications of such programmes. It is concluded that what happens in developing countries will depend more on the ethical nature of major political decisions and actions than on the particular technology they use to generate their electricity. (LL)

  8. Nuclear power supply (Japan Nuclear Safety Institute)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kameyama, Masashi

    2013-01-01

    After experienced nuclear disaster occurred on March 11, 2011, role of nuclear power in future energy share in Japan became uncertain because most public seemed to prefer nuclear power phase out to energy security or costs. Whether nuclear power plants were safe shutdown or operational, technologies were requisite for maintaining their equipment by refurbishment, partly replacement or pressure proof function recovery works, all of which were basically performed by welding. Nuclear power plants consisted of tanks, piping and pumps, and considered as giant welded structures welding was mostly used. Reactor pressure vessel subject to high temperature and high pressure was around 200mm thick and made of low-alloy steels (A533B), stainless steels (308, 316) and nickel base alloys (Alloy 600, 690). Kinds of welding at site were mostly shielded-metal arc welding and TIG welding, and sometimes laser welding. Radiation effects on welding of materials were limited although radiation protection was needed for welding works under radiation environment. New welding technologies had been applied after their technical validation by experiments applicable to required regulation standards. Latest developed welding technologies were seal welding to prevent SCC propagation and temper-bead welding for cladding after removal of cracks. Detailed procedures of repair welding of Alloy 600 at the reactor outlet pipe at Oi Nuclear Power Plants unit 3 due to PWSCC were described as an example of crack removal and water jet peening, and then overlay by temper-bead welding using Alloy 600 and clad welding using Alloy 690. (T. Tanaka)

  9. Nuclear safeguards control in nuclear power stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boedege, R.; Braatz, U.; Heger, H.

    1976-01-01

    The execution of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) has initiated a third phase in the efforts taken to ensure peace by limiting the number of atomic powers. In this phase it is important, above all, to turn into workable systems the conditions imposed upon technology by the different provisions of the Verification Agreement of the NPT. This is achieved mainly by elaborating annexes to the Agreement specifically geared to certain model plants, typical representatives selected for LWR power stations being the plants at Garigliano, Italy (BWR), and Stade, Federal Republic of Germany (PWR). The surveillance measures taken to prevent any diversion of special nuclear material for purposes of nuclear weapons manufacture must be effective in achieving their specific objective and must not impede the circumspect management of operations of the plants concerned. A VDEW working party has studied the technical details of the planned surveillance measures in nuclear power stations in the Federal Republic of Germany and now presents a concept of material balancing by units which meets the conditions imposed by the inspection authority and could also be accepted by the operators of nuclear power stations. The concept provides for uninterrupted control of the material balance areas of the nuclear power stations concerned, allows continuous control of the whole nuclear fuel cycle, is based exclusively on existing methods and facilities, and can be implemented at low cost. (orig.) [de

  10. Separation of nuclear power from nuclear proliferation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Starr, C.

    1978-01-01

    A successful development of the proposed combination of the Fast Breeder Reactor and the CIVEX fuel reprocessing facility would provide an economical nuclear power source for many centuries which inherently separates nuclear power from the issue of weapons material diversion and proliferation. Further, by so doing, it permits great flexibility in international and national planning for nuclear power, as the issues of fuel dependence and terrorist and subnational diversions disappear. In addition, the expansion of the FBR/CIVEX system would eat into the LWR spent fuel stockpile, diminishing steadily this relatively accessible plutonium source. And finally, a rapid development of the FBR/CIVEX for the above reasons would substantially reduce the worldwide concern as to the adequacy of uranium ore supply. From a historical view, it would restore fast reactor development to the path originally foreseen in the programs of worldwide nuclear energy authorities, including the Atomic Energy Commission during its first two decades of existence

  11. Strategy for utilizing nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martens, E.J.

    1977-01-01

    One of the national goals is to achieve independence in the area of energy supplies in the next few years. It is believed that attaining this goal will require extensive utilization of nuclear power in conventional fission reactors. It is proposed that the best way to develop the nuclear resource is through government ownership of the reactors. It is argued that this will minimize the risks associated with the nuclear-power option and clear the way for its exploitation

  12. Canadian attitudes to nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Davies, J.E.O.

    1977-01-01

    In the past ten years, public interest in nuclear power and its relationship to the environment has grown. Although most Canadians have accepted nuclear power as a means of generating electricity, there is significant opposition to its use. This opposition has effectively forced the Canadian nuclear industry to modify its behaviour to the public in the face of growing concern over the safety of nuclear power and related matters. The paper reviews Canadian experience concerning public acceptance of nuclear power, with special reference to the public information activities of the Canadian nuclear industry. Experience has shown the need for scientific social data that will permit the nuclear industry to involve the public in a rational examination of its concern about nuclear power. The Canadian Nuclear Association sponsored such studies in 1976 and the findings are discussed. They consisted of a national assessment of public attitudes, two regional studies and a study of Canadian policy-makers' views on nuclear energy. The social data obtained were of a base-line nature describing Canadian perceptions of and attitudes to nuclear power at that time. This research established that Canadian levels of knowledge about nuclear power are very low and that there are marked regional differences. Only 56% of the population have the minimum knowledge required to indicate that they know that nuclear power can be used to generate electricity. Nevertheless, 21% of informed Canadians oppose nuclear power primarily on the grounds that it is not safe. Radiation and waste management are seen to be major disadvantages. In perspective, Canadians are more concerned with inflation than with the energy supply. About half of all Canadians see the question of energy supplies as a future problem (within five years), not a present one. A more important aspect of energy is seen by the majority of Canadians to be some form of energy independence. The use of data from these studies is no easy

  13. Nuclear power plant V-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    The nuclear power plant Bohunice V -1 is briefly described. This NPP consists from two reactor units. Their main time characteristics are (Reactor Unit 1, Reactor Unit 2): beginning of construction - 24 April 1972; first controlled reactor power - 27 November 1978, 15 March 1980; connection to the grid - 17 December 1978, 26 March 1980; commercial operation - 1 April 1980, 7 January 1981. This leaflet contains: NPP V-1 construction; Major technological equipment (Primary circuit: Nuclear reactor [WWER 440 V230 type reactor];Steam generator; Reactor Coolant Pumps; Primary Circuit Auxiliary Systems. Secondary circuit: Turbine generators, Nuclear power plant electrical equipment; power plant control) and technical data

  14. French lessons in nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valenti, M.

    1991-01-01

    In stark contrast to the American atomic power experience is that of the French. Even the disaster at Chernobyl in 1986, which chilled nuclear programs throughout Western Europe, did not slow the pace of the nuclear program of the state-owned Electricite de France (EDF), based in Paris. Another five units are under construction and are scheduled to be connected to the French national power grid before the end of 1993. In 1989, the EDF's 58 nuclear reactors supplied 73 percent of French electrical needs, a higher percentage than any other country. In the United States, for example, only about 18 percent of electrical power is derived from the atom. Underpinning the success of nuclear energy in France is its use of standardized plant design and technology. This has been an imperative for the French nuclear power industry since 1974, when an intensive program of nuclear power plant construction began. It was then, in the aftermath of the first oil embargo, that the French government decided to reduce its dependence on imported oil by substituting atomic power sources for hydrocarbons. Other pillars supporting French nuclear success include retrofitting older plants with technological or design advances, intensive training of personnel, using robotic and computer aids to reduce downtime, controlling the entire nuclear fuel cycle, and maintaining a comprehensive public information effort about the nuclear program

  15. Climate change and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schneider, M.

    2000-04-01

    The nuclear industry has increased its efforts to have nuclear power plants integrated into the post- Kyoto negotiating process of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) states: ''For many reasons, current and future nuclear energy projects are a superior method of generating emission credits that must be considered as the US expands the use of market- based mechanisms designed around emission credit creation and trading to achieve environmental goals ''. The NEI considers that nuclear energy should be allowed to enter all stages of the Kyoto ''flexibility Mechanisms'': emissions trading, joint implementation and the Clean Development Mechanism. The industry sees the operation of nuclear reactors as emission ''avoidance actions'' and believes that increasing the generation of nuclear power above the 1990 baseline year either through extension and renewal of operating licenses or new nuclear plant should be accepted under the flexibility mechanisms in the same way as wind, solar and hydro power. For the time being, there is no clear definition of the framework conditions for operating the flexibility mechanisms. However, eligible mechanisms must contribute to the ultimate objective of the Climate Convention of preventing ''dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system''. The information presented in the following sections of this report underlines that nuclear power is not a sustainable source of energy, for many reasons. In conclusion, an efficient greenhouse gas abatement strategy will be based on energy efficiency and not on the use of nuclear power. (author)

  16. Nuclear power plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urata, Hidehiro; Oya, Takashi

    1996-11-05

    The present invention provides a highly safe light water-cooled type nuclear power plant capable of reducing radiation dose by suppressing deposition of activated corrosion products by a simple constitution. Namely, equipments and pipelines for fluid such as pumps at least in one of fluid systems such as a condensate cleanup system are constituted by a material containing metal species such as Zn having an effect of suppressing deposition of radioactivity. Alternatively, the surface of these equipments and pipelines for fluids on which water passes is formed by a coating layer comprising a material containing a metal having a radiation deposition suppressing effect. As a result, radioactivity deposited on the equipments and pipelines for fluids is reduced. In addition, since the method described above may be applied only at least to a portion of the members constituting at least one of the systems for fluids, it is economical. Accordingly, radiation dose upon inspection of equipments and pipelines for fluids can be reduced simply and reliably. (I.S.)

  17. Nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Urata, Hidehiro; Oya, Takashi.

    1996-01-01

    The present invention provides a highly safe light water-cooled type nuclear power plant capable of reducing radiation dose by suppressing deposition of activated corrosion products by a simple constitution. Namely, equipments and pipelines for fluid such as pumps at least in one of fluid systems such as a condensate cleanup system are constituted by a material containing metal species such as Zn having an effect of suppressing deposition of radioactivity. Alternatively, the surface of these equipments and pipelines for fluids on which water passes is formed by a coating layer comprising a material containing a metal having a radiation deposition suppressing effect. As a result, radioactivity deposited on the equipments and pipelines for fluids is reduced. In addition, since the method described above may be applied only at least to a portion of the members constituting at least one of the systems for fluids, it is economical. Accordingly, radiation dose upon inspection of equipments and pipelines for fluids can be reduced simply and reliably. (I.S.)

  18. Underground nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takahashi, Hideo.

    1997-01-01

    In an underground-type nuclear power plant, groups of containing cavities comprising a plurality of containing cavities connected in series laterally by way of partition walls are disposed in parallel underground. Controlled communication tunnels for communicating the containing cavities belonging to a control region to each other, and non-controlled communication tunnels for communicating containing cavities belonging to a non-controlled area to each other are disposed underground. A controlled corridor tunnel and a non-controlled corridor tunnel extended so as to surround the containing cavity groups are disposed underground, and the containing cavities belonging to the controlled area are connected to the controlled corridor tunnel respectively, and the containing cavities belonging to the non-controlled area are connected to the non-controlled corridor tunnel respectively. The excavating amount of earth and sand upon construction can be reduced by disposing the containing cavity groups comprising a plurality of containing cavities connected in series laterally. The time and the cost for the construction can be reduced, and various excellent effects can be provided. (N.H.)

  19. Garigliano nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1976-03-01

    During the period under review, the Garigliano power station produced 1,028,77 million kWh with a utilization factor of 73,41% and an availability factor of 85,64%. The disparity between the utilization and availability factors was mainly due to a shutdown of about one and half months owing to lack of staff at the plant. The reasons for nonavailability (14.36%) break down as follows: nuclear reasons 11,49%; conventional reasons 2,81%; other reasons 0,06%. During the period under review, no fuel replacements took place. The plant functioned throughout with a single reactor reticulation pump and resulting maximum available capacity of 150 MWe gross. After the month of August, the plant was operated at levels slightly below the maximum available capacity in order to lengthen the fuel cycle. The total number of outages during the period under review was 11. Since the plant was brought into commercial operation, it has produced 9.226 million kWh

  20. Global outlook for nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Southworth, F.H.

    2010-01-01

    'Full text:' The global nuclear power forecast, the North American outlook and the effect of nuclear power growth on greenhouse gas emissions in North America will be discussed. The construction of Generation III reactors will replace aging power plants and, further, add capacity that is environmentally sustainable. The outlook for Generation IV reactors also may significantly improve the environmental balance after 2030, both in electrical markets, waste reduction, and in non-traditional markets such as process heat. (author)

  1. Hendry collides with nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wade, S.

    1979-01-01

    It is argued that nuclear power is not the answer to future energy needs in the UK. Problems associated with nuclear power programmes are summarized (cost; lead time; ecological; safety; reliability; waste disposal). It is suggested, instead, that conservation is the first key to economic stability over the next decade, and steps are proposed. Particular emphasis is laid on combined heat and power schemes, linked to a district heating network. (U.K.)

  2. The UK nuclear power industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Collier, J. G.

    1995-01-01

    In the United Kingdom, nuclear power plants are operated by three companies: Nuclear Electric (NE), Scottish Nuclear (SN), and British Nuclear Fuels plc (BNFL). The state-operated power industry was privatized in 1989 with the exception of nuclear power generation activities, which were made part of the newly founded (state-owned) NE and SN. At the same time, a moratorium on the construction of new nuclear power plants was agreed. Only Sizewell B, the first plant in the UK to be equipped with a pressurized water reactor, was to be completed. That unit was first synchronized with the power grid on February 14, 1995. Another decision in 1989 provided for a review to be conducted in 1994 of the future of the peaceful uses of nuclear power in the country. The results of the review were presented by the government in a white paper on May 9, 1995. Accordingly, NE and SN will be merged and privatized in 1996; the headquarters of the new holding company will be in Scotland. The review does not foresee the construction of more nuclear power plants. However, NE hopes to gain a competitive edge over other sources of primary energy as a result of this privatization, and advocates construction of a dual-unit plant identical with Sizewell B so as to avoid recurrent design and development costs. Outside the UK, the company plans to act jointly with the reactor vendor, Westinghouse, especially in the Pacific region; a bid submitted by the consortium has been shortisted by the future operator of the Lungmen nuclear power plant project in Taiwan. In upgrading the safety of nuclear power plants in Eastern Europe, the new company will be able to work through existing contacts of SN. (orig.) [de

  3. Does nuclear power lead to nuclear weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prawitz, J.

    1977-01-01

    It is pointed out that 'reactor grade' plutonium usually contains about 30 % Pu240 and is unsuitable for weapons. While it is possible to obtain an explosion, it is more difficult to initiate one and its effect, which will be considerably less than with bomb grade plutonium, is difficult to predict. The critical mass will be larger and more cooling required. The proliferation problem is then discussed and the four aspects, vertical, horizontal, sub-national and revolutionary, mentioned. In connection with nuclear power it is the second and third aspects which are of interest. In discussing the possibility of terrorist groups obtaining plutonium, a study by the Swedish Defence Research Institute is quoted as estimating that 10-20 qualified specialists and several years secret preparation would be necessary to make a nuclear weapon. Other authors, e.g. Ted Taylor, have maintained that it would be much easier, but examples of 'student designs' are primitive and unlikely to detonate. Even so, it is emphasised that safeguards and physical security are necessary. Horizontal proliferation is a more real problem and the NPT and IAEA safeguards are discussed in this connection. In conclusion the question of whether the proliferation of nuclear weapons via nuclear power can be prevented cannot be answered with a clear yes or no. Certain states may use nuclear weapon potential as a bargaining factor. However the decision to acquire nuclear weapons is political and while a nuclear power industry would be of help, it would not be decisively so. (JIW)

  4. Nuclear power for environmental protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Souza Marques de, J.A.; Bennett, L.L.

    1989-09-01

    Nuclear power does not produce CO 2 or other greenhouse gases, and also does not produce any SO 2 , NO x or other gases which contribute to acid rain. These characteristics of nuclear power are especially important in comparison to coal-fired generation of electricity. As an example, in comparison with a coal-fired power plant of the same size, with abatement systems, a 1300 MW(e) nuclear power plant eliminates annually emissions to the air of about: 2000 t of particulates; 8.5 million t of CO 2 : 12,000 t of SO 2 ; and 6,000 t of NO x , the precise quantities being dependent on coal quality, power plant design and thermal efficiency, and on the effectiveness of the abatement systems. Opponents of nuclear power concede these facts, but argue that nuclear power is such a small part of the world energy balance that it is insignificant to the big issue of CO 2 . This is hardly correct. Today, 16% of the world's electricity (and 5% of the world's total primary energy) is generated using nuclear power. If this electricity were to have been generated using coal, it would have resulted in about 1600 million tons of CO 2 annually. This is 8% of the 20,000 million tons of CO 2 now emitted annually from the burning of fossil fuels, an amount which the Toronto Conference proposed should be cut by 20% up to the year 2005. A further major difference in the two energy systems is that the relatively smaller amount of nuclear wastes is fully isolated from the environment. In addition to discussing the global contributions of nuclear power to environmental improvement, the paper presents actual results achieved in a number of countries, demonstrating the positive contribution which nuclear power has made to reducing the environmental impacts of electricity production. 7 figs, 12 tabs

  5. Nuclear power. The Windscale controversy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boyle, G.

    1978-01-01

    The aims of this unit are: (1) to provide a basic understanding of nuclear technology and of the associated technical and environmental problems; (2) to provide an understanding of: (a) the historical growth of the nuclear industry; (b) the arguments for the continued development of nuclear power, and the institutions promoting that development; (3) to provide a basic understanding of the mechanisms and institutions which officially regulate the nuclear power programme in the UK; (4) to provide an understanding of the main issues - technical, economic, social and political - involved in the controversy over the proposed expansion of British Nuclear Fuels Ltd's reprocessing facilities at Windscale, and the events leading up to the Public Inquiry on the proposal which began in June 1977; and (5) to examine (a) the reason for the growth in opposition to nuclear power in various countries and the different approaches taken by the opposition groups; (b) the political impact and effectiveness of that opposition. (author)

  6. Sustainable development and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grimston, M.C.

    1994-01-01

    The United Kingdom Government's strategy aimed at securing sustainable development has recently been published, and is analysed here by the Energy Issues Adviser, for the British Nuclear Industry Forum. The energy framework aims to ensure secure supplies of energy at competitive prices and to minimise possible adverse environmental impacts of energy use. It is argued here that both of these aims will be promoted by the continued and growing use of nuclear power in the United Kingdom. As the cost of nuclear electricity depends chiefly on the price of uranium, which is likely to stabilize due to increased supplies from nuclear weapons destruction, uranium recycling and mixed oxide fuel reprocessing, it is unlikely that world fuel price inflation will affect these costs. Secondly, nuclear power is not associated with acid rain or the threat of global warming, so its environment protection claims can be substantiated. Indeed, unlike other fuel sources, nuclear power already pays for its waste and decommissioning procedures. (UK)

  7. Nuclear power, economy and environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stoffaes, C.

    1994-01-01

    The explanations in this article aim at clarifying the background of the problem of nuclear energies. Why did countries give up developing nuclear energy? Which roles do economic political and psychological factors play in making energy political decisions? How could a balance be found in using the various energy sources which must meet the constantly increasing demand for electric power? Which preconditions must be fulfilled to return to nuclear energy world-wide (as using coal is connected with many environmental risks) and how long would it take? If, however, nuclear power is even to be included in the energy-political discussions of the governments and the public opinions in each country, there are a number of sensitive topics waiting for an answer: Safety and costs of power plants; recycling and storing nuclear wastes; the relationship between civil energy and the availability of nuclear weapons and the future plutonium economy. (orig./UA) [de

  8. The future of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burtak, F.

    1993-01-01

    Nuclear power in Germany at present is confronting two challenges: On the one hand, technical innovations are required in order to meet the expectations of nuclear proponents while, on the other hand, a public stand must be taken vis-a-vis the demand to opt out of nuclear power. This means that nuclear engineers not only must perform their technical functions, but increasingly also engage themselves socially. Neglecting just one of these two challenges is likely to impair severely the future of nuclear power in Germany. In the absence of a swing in public opinion it will not be possible to build a new nuclear plant, and nuclear power will be doomed to extinction, at least in a number of countries, within a matter of decades. In the absence of technical innovation, today's LWR technology will cause the fissile uranium available naturally to be consumed, thus killing nuclear power for lack of future fissile material. In responding to the two challenges, nuclear technology must safeguard its future by not retreating into an ivory tower of pure technology; on the other hand, technical innovation is a prerequisite for its continued existence. (orig.) [de

  9. The economics of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hunt, H.; Betteridge, G.

    1978-01-01

    It is stated that nuclear power stations throughout the world are now providing consumers with substantially the cheapest electricity, except in areas with extensive hydro-power or cheap, clean, local coal. Thermal nuclear power stations will continue to provide economic electricity until the cost of uranium rises to several times the present level; fast reactors have the potential to continue to stabilise the cost of electricity and by moderating demand for other fuels will keep down their cost also. Headings of this paper include -The historical perspective; methods of comparing nuclear and fossil generating costs; historical comparisons of UK nuclear and fossil generating costs; waste storage and decommissioning; future changes in costs; criteria for future investment in nuclear power; alternative methods of comparison; total system cost analysis; the economics of fast reactors; and the ultimate role of fast reactors. 13 references. (author)

  10. Nuclear power 1984: Progressive normalisation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Popp, M.

    1984-01-01

    The peaceful use of nuclear power is being integrated into the overall concept of a safe long-term power supply in West Germany. The progress of normalisation is shown particularly in the takeover of all stations of the nuclear fuel circuit by the economy, with the exception of the final storage of radioactive waste, which is the responsibility of the West German Government. Normalisation also means the withdrawal of the state from financing projects after completion of the two prototypes SNR-300 and THTR-300 and the German uranium enrichment plant. The state will, however, support future research and development projects in the nuclear field. The expansion of nuclear power capacity is at present being slowed down by the state of the economy, i.e. only nuclear power projects being built are proceeding. (orig./HP) [de

  11. Towards sustainable nuclear power development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andrianov, Andrei A.; Murogov, Victor M.; Kuptsov, Ilya S.

    2014-01-01

    The review of the current situation in the nuclear energy sector carried out in this article brings to light key problems and contradictions, development trends and prospects, which finally determine the role and significance of nuclear power as a factor ensuring a sustainable energy development. Authors perspectives on the most appropriate developments of nuclear power, which should be based on a balanced use of proven innovative nuclear technologies and comprehensive multilateral approaches to the nuclear fuel cycle are expressed. The problems of wording appropriate and essential requirements for new countries with respect to their preparedness to develop nuclear programs, taking into account their development level of industry and infrastructure as well as national heritages and peculiarities, are explained. It is also indicated that one of the major components of sustainability in the development of nuclear power, which legitimates its public image as a power technology, is the necessity of developing and promoting the concepts of nuclear culture, nuclear education, and professional nuclear ethics. (orig.)

  12. Nuclear power and the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mackerron, Gordon; Berkhout, Frans

    1990-01-01

    The environmental effects of nuclear power discussed in this paper are specifically the effects of radiation on human populations, either directly or through the food chain. Controlling the environmental effects of nuclear power has two dimensions, waste management and safety. Regulatory controls aim to keep the risk of death due to man-made radiation down to what is thought to be an acceptable level; the background to the establishing of such levels is examined. The scale of the nuclear industry is outlined. In industrial countries with nuclear power, with the possible exception of the USA and USSR which have extensive nuclear weapons programmes, most radioactive wastes arise in the civil nuclear fuel cycle; medical, research and industrial users of nuclear materials produce the rest. The extreme variety of materials included in radioactive wastes is highlighted. Approaches to the management of different kinds of radioactive waste are discussed; the particular problems associated with reactor decommissioning are considered. The enormous potential harm of serious accidents at nuclear power plants through a release of large quantities of radionuclides into the environment has been a dominant influence in the design of reactors. The accidents at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl underline the need for careful examination of management issues as well as design and operational failures. Finally, the catastrophic effects of a full scale nuclear war are briefly considered within the context of nuclear proliferation and international security. (UK)

  13. Towards sustainable nuclear power development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrianov, Andrei A.; Murogov, Victor M.; Kuptsov, Ilya S. [Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of NNRU MEPhl, Obninsk, Kaluga Region (Russian Federation)

    2014-05-15

    The review of the current situation in the nuclear energy sector carried out in this article brings to light key problems and contradictions, development trends and prospects, which finally determine the role and significance of nuclear power as a factor ensuring a sustainable energy development. Authors perspectives on the most appropriate developments of nuclear power, which should be based on a balanced use of proven innovative nuclear technologies and comprehensive multilateral approaches to the nuclear fuel cycle are expressed. The problems of wording appropriate and essential requirements for new countries with respect to their preparedness to develop nuclear programs, taking into account their development level of industry and infrastructure as well as national heritages and peculiarities, are explained. It is also indicated that one of the major components of sustainability in the development of nuclear power, which legitimates its public image as a power technology, is the necessity of developing and promoting the concepts of nuclear culture, nuclear education, and professional nuclear ethics. (orig.)

  14. Nuclear power prospects in Finland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1961-01-01

    The basic circumstances which stimulated Finland's interest in nuclear power are summarized in the report as follows: 'In Finland the main power resource has been, and still is, water power. It is clear, however, that the hydro potential is insufficient to cover the increasing consumption over a long period of time. Already about one half of this potential has been exploited. Thus the country will necessarily have to consider the utilization of thermal power to an increasingly large extent. There is no indigenous coal or oil. For this reason it has become necessary to investigate realistically the possibilities offered by nuclear power'

  15. Emergency power systems at nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-01-01

    This Guide applies to nuclear power plants for which the total power supply comprises normal power supply (which is electric) and emergency power supply (which may be electric or a combination of electric and non-electric). In its present form the Guide provides general guidance for all types of emergency power systems (EPS) - electric and non-electric, and specific guidance (see Appendix A) on the design principles and the features of the emergency electric power system (EEPS). Future editions will include a second appendix giving specific guidance on non-electric power systems. Section 3 of this Safety Guide covers information on considerations that should be taken into account relative to the electric grid, the transmission lines, the on-site electrical supply system, and other alternative power sources, in order to provide high overall reliability of the power supply to the EPS. Since the nuclear power plant operator does not usually control off-site facilities, the discussion of methods of improving off-site reliability does not include requirements for facilities not under the operator's control. Sections 4 to 11 of this Guide provide information, recommendations and requirements that would apply to any emergency power system, be it electric or non-electric

  16. Nuclear power - a reliable future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valeca, Serban

    2002-01-01

    The Ministry of Education and Research - Department of Research has implemented a national Research and Development program taking into consideration the following: - the requirements of the European Union on research as a factor of development of the knowledge-based society; - the commitments to the assimilation and enforcement of the recommendations of the European Union on nuclear power prompted by the negotiations of the sections 'Science and Research' and ' Energy' of the aquis communautaire; - the major lines of interest in Romania in the nuclear power field established by National Framework Program of Cooperation with IAEA, signed on April 2001; - the short and medium term nuclear options of the Romanian Government; - the objectives of the National Nuclear Plan. The major elements of the nuclear research and development program MENER (Environment, Energy, Resources) supported by the Department of Research of the Ministry of Education and Research are the following: - reactor physics and nuclear fuel management; - operation safety of the Power Unit 1 of Cernavoda Nuclear Electric Power Station; - improved nuclear technological solutions at the Cernavoda NPP; - development of technologies for nuclear fuel cycle; - operation safety of the other nuclear plants in Romania; - assessment of nuclear risks and estimation of the radiological impact on the environment; - behavior of materials under the reactor service conditions and environmental conditions; - design of nuclear systems and equipment for the nuclear power stations and nuclear facilities; - radiological safety; - application of nuclear techniques and technologies in industry, agriculture, medicine and other fields of social life. Research to develop high performance methods and equipment for monitoring nuclear impact on environment are conducted to endorse the measures for radiation protection. Also mentioned are the research on implementing a new type of nuclear fuel cycle in CANDU reactors as well as

  17. Nuclear reactor power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cook, B.M.

    1982-01-01

    The redundant signals from the sensor assemblies measuring the process parameters of a nuclear reactor power supply are transmitted each in its turn to a protection system which operates to actuate the protection apparatus for signals indicating off-process conditions. Each sensor assembly includes a number of like sensors measuring the same parameters. The sets of process signals derived from the sensor assemblies are each in its turn transmitted from the protection system to the control system which impresses control signals on the reactor or its components to counteract the tendency for conditions to drift off-normal status requiring operation of the protection system. A parameter signal selector is interposed between the protection system and the control system. This selector prevents a parameter signal of a set of signals, which differs from the other parameters signals of the set by more than twice the allowable variation of the sensors which produce the set, from passing to the control system. The selectors include a pair of signal selection units, one unit sending selected process signals to primary control channels and the other sending selected process signals to back-up control channels. Test signals are periodically impressed by a test unit on a selected pair of a selected unit and control channels. When test signals are so impressed the selected control channel is disabled from transmitting control signals to the reactor and/or its associated components. This arrangement eliminates the possibility that a single component failure which may be spurious will cause an inadvertent trip of the reactor during test

  18. Hydrogen from nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miller, A.I.

    2006-01-01

    A few years ago, one frequently heard the view that LNG would cap the price of natural gas in North America at around 5 or 6 US$/GJ just as soon as sufficient terminal capacity could be installed. Recent experience with international LNG prices suggests that this is unlikely. While oil and gas prices have proven almost impossible to predict it seems likely that the price of gas will in future broadly track its energy equivalent in oil. Consequently, planning for natural gas at 10 $/GJ would seem prudent. Using steam-methane reforming, this produces hydrogen at 1500 $/t. If CO 2 has to be sequestered, adding another 500 $/t H 2 is a likely additional cost. So is water electrolysis now competitive? Electrolysis would deliver hydrogen at 2000$/t if electricity costs 3.7 US cents/kWh. This is lower than the Alberta Pool average supply price but very close to AECL's estimated cost for power from a new reactor. However, electricity prices in deregulated markets vary hugely and there would be large leverage on the hydrogen price in delivering a mix of electricity (when the Pool price is high) and hydrogen (when it is low). The key to that possibility - as well as other issues of interruptibility - is low-cost cavern storage, similar to that used for natural gas. One long-standing example for hydrogen storage exists in the UK. The nuclear-electrolysis route offers long-term price stability. It also has co-product possibilities if a use can be found for oxygen (equivalent to about 300 $/t H 2 ) and to produce heavy water (provided the scale is at least 100 MW)

  19. Emergency power systems at nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-01-01

    This Safety Guide was prepared as part of the Nuclear Safety Standards programme for establishing Codes and Safety Guides relating to nuclear power plants (NPPs). The first edition of the present Safety Guide was developed in the early 1980s. The text has now been brought up-to-date, refined in several details and amended to include non-electrical diverse and independent power sources. This Guide applies to NPP for which the total power supply comprises a normal power supply and an emergency power supply (EPS), which may be electrical or a combination of electrical and non-electrical. The Guide provides general guidance for all types of EPS and specific guidance on the design safety requirements and the features of the electrical and non-electrical portions of the EPS. 9 figs, 2 tabs

  20. Nuclear power plant diagnostic system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prokop, K.; Volavy, J.

    1982-01-01

    Basic information is presented on diagnostic systems used at nuclear power plants with PWR reactors. They include systems used at the Novovoronezh nuclear power plant in the USSR, at the Nord power plant in the GDR, the system developed at the Hungarian VEIKI institute, the system used at the V-1 nuclear power plant at Jaslovske Bohunice in Czechoslovakia and systems of the Rockwell International company used in US nuclear power plants. These diagnostic systems are basically founded on monitoring vibrations and noise, loose parts, pressure pulsations, neutron noise, coolant leaks and acoustic emissions. The Rockwell International system represents a complex unit whose advantage is the on-line evaluation of signals which gives certain instructions for the given situation directly to the operator. The other described systems process signals using similar methods. Digitized signals only serve off-line computer analyses. (Z.M.)

  1. Nuclear power in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lane, J.A.; Covarrubias, A.J.; Csik, B.J.; Fattah, A.; Woite, G.

    1977-01-01

    This paper is intended to be a companion to similar papers by OECD/NEA and CMEA and will summarize the nuclear power system plans of developing Member States most likely to have nuclear programmes before the year 2000. The information that is presented is derived from various sources such as the Agency 1974 study of the market for nuclear power in developing countries, the annual publication, ''Power Reactors in Member States - 1976 Edition'', various nuclear power planning studies carried out by the Agency during the period 1975 and 1976, direct correspondence with selected Member States and published information in the open literature. A preliminary survey of the prospects for nuclear power in Member States not belonging to the OECD or having centrally planned economies indicates that about 27 of these countries may have operating nuclear power plants by the end of the century. In the 1974 Edition of the ''Market Survey'' it was estimated that the installed nuclear capacity in these countries might reach 24 GW by 1980, 157 GW by 1190 and 490 GW by the year 2000. It now appears that these figures are too high for a number of reasons. These include 1) the diminished growth in electrical demand which has occurred in many Member States during the last several years, 2) the extremely high cost of nuclear plant construction which has placed financial burdens on countries with existing nuclear programmes, 3) the present lack of commercially available small and medium power reactors which many of the smaller Member States would need in order to expand their electric power systems and 4) the growing awareness of Member States that more attention should be paid to exploitation of indigenous energy sources such as hydroelectric power, coal and lignite

  2. 2006 nuclear power world report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2007-01-01

    At the turn of 2006/2007, 437 nuclear power plants were available for energy supply, or were being commissioned, in 31 countries of the world. This is seven plants less than at the turn of 2005/2006. The aggregate gross power of the plants amounted to approx. 389.5 GWe, the aggregate net power, to 370.5 GWe. This indicates a slight decrease of gross power by some 0.15 GWe compared to the level the year before, while the available net power increased, also slightly, by approx. 0.2 GWe. The Tarapur 3 nuclear generating unit in India, a D 2 O PWR of 540 MWe gross power, was newly commissioned. In 2006, 8 nuclear power plants in Europe (4 in the United Kingdom, 2 in Bulgaria, 1 each in the Slovak Republic and in Spain) discontinued power operation for good. 29 nuclear generating units, i.e. 6 plants more than at the end of 2005, were under construction in late 2006 in 9 countries with an aggregate gross power of approx. 25.5 GWe. Worldwide, some 40 new nuclear power plants are in the concrete project design, planning, and licensing phases; in some of these cases, contracts have already been signed. Net electricity generation in nuclear power plants worldwide in 2006 achieved another top ranking level of approx. 2,660 billion kWh (2005: approx. 2,750 billion kWh). Since the first generation of electricity in a nuclear power plant in the EBR-1 fast breeder (USA) on December 20, 1951, cumulated gross production has reached approx. 56,875 billion kWh, and operating experience has grown to some 12,399 reactor years. (orig.)

  3. Nuclear power: status and outlook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rogner, H.H.; Langlois, L.M.; McDonald, A.

    2002-01-01

    Current state of the world nuclear energetics is reviewed; data on operating and nuclear power blocks under construction in different countries, data on electric power output, practice of operation are presented. New plans of energetic reactors, capitalized costs for their construction, operating cost and period of construction are treated. Problems of nuclear safety, spent fuel and radioactive waste management, non-proliferation policy are discussed. Outlook for the development of the nuclear energetics is directed and importance of the Bonn agreement in connection with economic reasons for NPP operation is noted [ru

  4. On PA of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1990-01-01

    Present state of things relating to the nuclear power generation are described first, focusing on the Chernobyl accident, power control test, old-wave and new-wave antinuclear movements, move toward elimination of nuclear power plants, and trend in government-level argument concerning nuclear power generation. Then the importance of public relations activities for nuclear power generation is emphasized. It is stressed that information should be supplied positively to the public to obtain public understanding and confidence. Various activities currently made to promote public relations for nuclear power generation are also outlined, focusing on the improvement in the nuclear power public relations system and practical plans for these activities. Activities for improvement in the public relations system include the organization of public relations groups, establishment and effective implementation of an overall public relations plan, training of core workers for public relations, and management of the public relations system. Other practical activities include the encouragement of the public to come and see the power generation facilities and distribution of pamphlets, and use of the media. (N.K.)

  5. LDC nuclear power: Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mossavar-Rahmani, B.

    1982-01-01

    The Islamic Revolutionary Government has eliminated what had been an ambitious program to install 23,000 MWe of nuclear capacity by 1984, but the program has already become unpopular before the downfall to the Shah for economic reasons. Iran originally planned a domestic nuclear program to diversify its energy base and satisfy Western demands to recycle petrodollars, but substantial commissions for foreign contracts were also a factor. No comprehensive study of a nuclear program has been done to determine if there is a nuclear future for Iran. 8 references

  6. Dictionary of nuclear power. upd. ed.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koelzer, W.

    2011-10-01

    The updated dictionary on nuclear power contains definitions and explanations on nuclear physics, nuclear engineering, nuclear power, radiation effects and radiation protection in alphabetic order. Attachments on units, their conversion and physical constants are included.

  7. Greenfield nuclear power for Finland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saarenpaa, Tapio

    2010-09-15

    In Finland, licensing for new nuclear power is ongoing. The political approval is to be completed in 2010. Fennovoima's project is unique in various ways: (i) the company was established only in 2007, (ii) its ownership includes a mixture of local energy companies, electricity-intensive industries and international nuclear competence through E.ON, and (iii) it has two alternative greenfield sites. There are five prerequisites for a successful nuclear power project in a transparent democracy of today: (1) need for additional power capacity, (2) actor prepared to invest, (3) established competence, (4) available site, (5) open communications, and (6) favorable public opinion.

  8. Partner of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gribi, M.; Lauer, F.; Pauli, W.; Ruzek, W.

    1992-01-01

    Sulzer, the Swiss technology group, is a supplier of components and systems for nuclear power plants. Important parts of Swiss nuclear power stations, such as containments, reactor pressure vessels, primary pipings, are made in Winterthur. Sulzer Thermtec AG and some divisions of Sulzer Innotec focus their activities on servicing and backfitting nuclear power plants. The European market enjoys priority. New types of valves or systems are developed as economic solutions meeting more stringent criteria imposed by public authorities or arising from operating conditions. (orig.) [de

  9. Nuclear power. Volume 2: nuclear power project management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1980-01-01

    The following topics are discussed: review of nuclear power plants; licensing procedures; safety analysis; project professional services; quality assurance and project organization; construction, scheduling and operation; construction, scheduling and operation; nuclear fuel handling and fuel management; and plant cost management. 116 references, 115 figures, 33 tables

  10. The Representation of Iran’s Nuclear Program in British Newspaper Editorials: A Critical Discourse Analytic Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmood Reza Atai

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Van Dijk’s (1998 model of CDA was utilized in order to examine the representation of Iran’s nuclear program in editorials published by British news casting companies. The analysis of the editorials was carried out at two levels of headlines and full text stories with regard to the linguistic features of lexical choices, nominalization, passivization, overcompleteness, and voice. The results support biased representation in media discourse, in this case Iran’s nuclear program. Likewise, the findings approve Bloor and Bloor (2007 ideological circles of Self (i.e., the West and Other (i.e., Iran or US and THEM in the media. The findings may be utilized to increase Critical Language Awareness (CLA among EFL teachers / students and can promise implications for ESP materials development and EAP courses for the students of journalism.

  11. The economics of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monto, Geethanjali

    2011-01-01

    Nuclear power is seen by some as a partial solution to climate change. The obvious supporters include nuclear establishments, but the 'surprising' supporters comprise some environmentalists like James Lovelock. One of the 15 strategies proposed by Stephen Pacala and Robert Socolow as part of their wedge model is to substitute nuclear power for coal power. The addition of 700 GW of nuclear power, i.e. roughly twice the current global capacity, would constitute one wedge and could reduce one billion tonnes of carbon by mid-century. (The other 14 strategies include: efficient vehicles; reduced use of vehicles; efficient buildings; efficient baseload coal plants; gas baseload power for coal baseload power capture CO 2 at baseload power plant capture CO 2 at H 2 plant; capture CO 2 at coal-to-synfuels plant and geological storage; wind power for coal power; PV power for coal power; wind H 2 in fuel-cell car for gasoline in hybrid car; biomass fuel for fossil fuel; reduced deforestation, plus reforestation, afforestation, and new plantations, and conservation tillage

  12. Nuclear power: An evolving scenario

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ElBaradei, Mohamed

    2004-01-01

    The past two years have found the IAEA often in the spotlight - primarily because of our role as the world's 'nuclear watchdog', as we are sometimes referred to on the evening news. The most visible, and often controversial, peaceful nuclear application is the generation of electricity, the focus of this article largely from a European perspective. At the end of last year there were 440 nuclear power units operating worldwide. Together, they supply about 16% of the world's electricity. That percentage has remained relatively steady for almost 20 years. Expansion and growth prospects for nuclear power are centred in Asia. Of the 31 units under construction worldwide, 18 are located in India, Japan, South Korea and China, including Taiwan. Twenty of the last 29 reactors to be connected to the grid are also in the Far East and South Asia. That is probably more active construction than most Europeans would guess, given how little recent growth has occurred in the West. For Western Europe and North America, nuclear construction has been a frozen playing field - the last plant to be completed being Civaux-2 in France in 1999. That should raise a question: with little to no new construction, how has nuclear power been able to keep up with other energy sources, to maintain its share of electricity generation? Interestingly enough, the answer is tied directly to efforts to improve safety performance. The accident at Chernobyl in 1986 prompted the creation of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO), and revolutionized the IAEA approach to nuclear power plant safety. Some analysts believe the case for new nuclear construction in Europe is gaining new ground, for a number of reasons: efforts to limit greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the risk of climate change; security of energy supply; Comparative Public Health Risk; different set of variables when choosing Each country's and region energy strategy. Looking to the future, certain key challenges are, of direct

  13. Nuclear power generation and nuclear nonproliferation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Walske, C.

    1978-01-01

    In the future outlook around year 2000 of nuclear power, thought must be given to fuel reprocessing and plutonium utilization. The adverse utilization of plutonium may be prevented by the means balanced with its economical value. As the method of less cost with lower effect of nonproliferation, combination of fuel reprocessing and fuel fabrication facilities and mixed plutonium/uranium processing are possible. As the method of more cost with higher effect of nonproliferation the maintenance of high radioactivity and inaccessibility of plutonium is conceivable. As for the agreeable methods in 2000, seven principles may be mentioned, such as the dependence upon the agreements among major nations and upon nuclear exporting countries. These are still inadequate, however. What is important is to provide with the sufficient safeguards to countries concerned to negate the need for nuclear weapons. Efforts are then necessary for leading nuclear countries to extend aids to other nuclear-oriented countries. (Mori, K.)

  14. Nuclear power stations licensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solito, J.

    1978-04-01

    The judicial aspects of nuclear stations licensing are presented. The licensing systems of the United States, Spain, France and Federal Republic of Germany are focused. The decree n 0 60.824 from July 7 sup(th), 1967 and the following legislation which define the systematic and area of competence in nuclear stations licensing are analysed [pt

  15. NATO and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nal, Emmanuel

    2012-01-01

    The author gives a fine analysis of NATO's nuclear posture in Europe and considers its technical complexity in the context of modernization of the weapons and their launch systems, the political aspect of the nuclear disarmament question and the link with the ABM defensive shield. He demonstrates that we must not neglect the traditional element of relationships with Russia. (author)

  16. Current status of nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Behnke, W.B.

    1984-01-01

    The decision to devote the 1984 conference to nuclear power is timely and appropriate. Illinois has a long, and distinguished history in the development of civilian nuclear power. The concept was born at the University of Chicago, developed at Argonne National Laboratory and demonstrated on the Commonwealth Edison system at our pioneer Dresden Nuclear Station. Today, Illinois ranks number one in the nation in nuclear generation. With over a quarter century of commercial operating experience, nuclear power has proven its worth and become a significant and growing component of electric power supply domestically and throughout the world. Despite its initial acceptance, however, the nuclear power industry in the U.S. is now in the midst of a difficult period of readjustment stemming largely from the economic and regulatory problems of the past decade. As a result, the costs of plants under construction have increased dramatically, causing serious financial difficulties for several projects and their owners. At the same time, the U.S. is facing hard choices concerning its future energy supplies. Conferences such as this have an important role in clarifying the issues and helping to find solutions to today's pressing energy problems. This paper summarizes the status of nuclear power both here and abroad, discussing the implications of current events in the context of national energy policy and economic development here in Illinois

  17. Nuclear power development in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mishiro, M.

    2000-01-01

    This article describes the advantages of nuclear energy for Japan. In 1997 the composition of the total primary energy supply (TPES) was oil 52.7%, coal 16.5%, nuclear 16.1% and natural gas 10.7%. Nuclear power has a significant role to play in contributing to 3 national interests: i) energy security, ii) economic growth and iii) environmental protection. Energy security is assured because a stable supply of uranium fuel can be reasonably expected in spite of dependence on import from abroad. Economic growth implies the reduction of energy costs. As nuclear power is capital intensive, the power generation cost is less affected by the fuel cost, therefore nuclear power can realize low cost by favoring high capacity utilization factor. Fossil fuels have substantial impacts on environment such as global warming and acid rain by releasing massive quantities of CO 2 , so nuclear power is a major option for meeting the Kyoto limitations. In Japan, in 2010 nuclear power is expected to reach 17% of TPES and 45% of electricity generated. (A.C.)

  18. Nuclear power: achievement and prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roberts, L.E.J.

    1993-01-01

    History of nuclear power generation from the time it was a technological curiosity to the time when it developed into a mature, sizeable international industry is outlined. Nuclear power now accounts for 17% of the world's total electricity generated. However, it is noted that the presently installed capacity of nuclear power generation falls short of early expectations and nuclear power is not as cheap as it was hoped earlier. There is opposition to nuclear power from environmentalists and the public due to fear of radiation and the spread of radioactivity during accidents, even though nuclear reactors by and large have a good safety record. Taking into account the fact that electricity consumption is growing at the rate of 2-3% in the industrialized world and at over 5% in the rest of world and pollution levels are increasing due to burning of fossil fuels and subsequent greenhouse effect, the demand for power will have to be be met by increasing use of non-fossil fuels. One of the most promising non-fossil fuels is the nuclear fuel. In the next 30 years, the nuclear power generation capacity can be increased two to three times the present capacity by: (1) managing economics, (2) extending uranium resources by reprocessing spent fuel and recycling the recovered uranium and plutonium and by using fast reactor technology (3) getting public acceptance of and support for nuclear power by allaying the fear of radiation and the fear of large scale accidents through quantitative risk analysis and (4) establishing public confidence in waste disposal methods. (M.G.B.). 18 refs., 2 tabs

  19. Nuclear power and sustainable development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sandklef, S.

    2000-01-01

    Nuclear Power is a new, innovative technology for energy production, seen in the longer historic perspective. Nuclear technology has a large potential for further development and use in new applications. To achieve this potential the industry needs to develop the arguments to convince policy makers and the general public that nuclear power is a real alternative as part of a sustainable energy system. This paper examines the basic concept of sustainable development and gives a quality review of the most important factors and requirements, which have to be met to quality nuclear power as sustainable. This paper intends to demonstrate that it is not only in minimising greenhouse gas emissions that nuclear power is a sustainable technology, also with respect to land use, fuel availability waste disposal, recycling and use of limited economic resources arguments can be developed in favour of nuclear power as a long term sustainable technology. It is demonstrated that nuclear power is in all aspects a sustainable technology, which could serve in the long term with minimal environmental effects and at minimum costs to the society. And the challenge can be met. But to achieve need political leadership is needed, to support and develop the institutional and legal framework that is the basis for a stable and long-term energy policy. Industry leaders are needed as well to stand up for nuclear power, to create a new industry culture of openness and communication with the public that is necessary to get the public acceptance that we have failed to do so far. The basic facts are all in favour of nuclear power and they should be used

  20. Nuclear power in the Philippines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1965-01-01

    The first United Nations project of its kind, where the prospects of using nuclear power in a developing country are being analysed, is being carried out in the Philippines. It is entitled, 'Pre-Investment Study on Power, including Nuclear Power, in Luzon'; it is a United Nations Special Fund project, for which the International Atomic Energy Agency is acting as the executing body. Although directed specifically at the situation of the Luzon grid, the approach and the methods evolved should be useful in other countries also. The project was initiated in early 1964 and is expected to be completed by the end of 1965. The Philippines have substantial reserves of hydro capacity, but very little of fossil fuels. The country has been interested for quite some time in the possibility of using nuclear power. In 1956 a study was made of a small nuclear power plant for the Manila area, but such a plant would not have been able to compete with the fossil fuel-fired station. The Philippine Government had in mind the development of Luzon Island, which is the largest and most industrialized part of the Philippines, accounting for 50 per cent of the population and 80 per cent of the power demand. In 1960, the Government invited an Agency mission, whose report entitled, 'The Prospects of Nuclear Power for the Philippines', indicated that the possibilities of using a reasonably large nuclear plant in the Luzon grid deserved serious consideration