WorldWideScience

Sample records for e states

  1. Search for JPC=1-+ exotic state in e +e- annihilation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qian

    2014-06-01

    The P-wave and S-wave heavy-light mesons and their charge conjugates, i.e., D1(2420)D¯+c .c., D1(2420)D¯*+c .c., and D2(2460)D¯*+c .c., can couple to states with vector quantum number JPC=1-- and exotic quantum number JPC=1-+ in a relative S wave. Near threshold, the heavy-light meson pair may form hadronic molecules due to the strong S-wave coupling, and the mysterious vector state Y(4260) could be such a state of the D1(2420)D¯+c .c. molecule. This implies the possible existence of its conjugate partner made of the same heavy-light mesons but with exotic quantum number JPC=1-+. We evaluate the production rate of such exotic hadronic molecules and propose a direct experimental search for them in e +e- annihilation. Confirmation of such exotic states in experiment will certainly deepen our insights into strong QCD and the arrangement of multiquark degrees of freedom.

  2. An E9 multiplet of BPS states

    CERN Document Server

    Englert, Francois; Kleinschmidt, Axel; Nicolai, Hermann; Tabti, Nassiba

    2007-01-01

    We construct an infinite E9 multiplet of BPS states for 11D supergravity. For each positive real root of E9 we obtain a BPS solution of 11D supergravity, or of its exotic counterparts, depending on two non-compact transverse space variables. All these solutions are related by U-dualities realised via E9 Weyl transformations in the regular embedding of E9 in E10, E10 in E11. In this way we recover the basic BPS solutions, namely the KK-wave, the M2 brane, the M5 brane and the KK6-monopole, as well as other solutions admitting eight longitudinal space dimensions. A novel technique of combining Weyl reflexions with compensating transformations allows the construction of many new BPS solutions, each of which can be mapped to a solution of a dual effective action of gravity coupled to a certain higher rank tensor field. For real roots of E10 which are not roots of E9, we obtain additional BPS solutions transcending 11D supergravity (as exemplified by the lowest level solution corresponding to the M9 brane). The re...

  3. Production of charmonium(like) states in e+e- interactions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    P. Pakhlov

    2008-01-01

    We present a search for new charmonium like states in e+e- annihilation using the initial-state radiation and the process e+e-→J/ψ D(*)D(*). The analyses are based on a huge data sample recorded near the T(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB e+e- asymmetric-energy collider.

  4. E-Commerce Marketing State Competency Profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Tech Prep Curriculum Services.

    This profile provides the curricular framework for Ohio Tech Prep programs in e-commerce marketing beginning in high school and continuing through the end of the associate degree. It includes a comprehensive set of e-commerce marketing competencies that reflect job opportunities and skills required for e-commerce marketing professionals today and…

  5. CDC STATE System E-Cigarette Legislation - Smokefree Indoor Air

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1995-2016. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. E-Cigarette Legislation—Smokefree...

  6. CDC STATE System E-Cigarette Legislation - Youth Access

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1995-2016. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. E-Cigarette Legislation—Youth Access....

  7. CDC STATE System E-Cigarette Legislation - Preemption

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1995-2016. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. E-Cigarette Legislation—Preemption....

  8. CDC STATE System E-Cigarette Legislation - Smokefree Campus

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1995-2017. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. E-Cigarette Legislation—Smokefree...

  9. CDC STATE System E-Cigarette Legislation - Tax

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1995-2016. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. E-Cigarette Legislation—Tax. The...

  10. CDC STATE System E-Cigarette Legislation - Preemption

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1995-2017. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. E-Cigarette Legislation—Preemption....

  11. CDC STATE System E-Cigarette Legislation - Licensure

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1995-2016. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. E-Cigarette Legislation—Licensure....

  12. 26 CFR 31.3121(e)-1 - State, United States, and citizen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false State, United States, and citizen. 31.3121(e)-1... § 31.3121(e)-1 State, United States, and citizen. (a) When used in the regulations in this subpart, the... is used in a geographical sense. The term “citizen of the United States” includes a citizen of the...

  13. State of the art in e-Learning toepassingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluijfhout, Eric

    2005-01-01

    Kluijfhout, E. (2004). State of the art in e-Learning toepassingen. In: Van Geloven, M., Koper, R. & Van der Veen, J., E-learning trends (pp. 16-18). Utrecht, Stichting Digitale Universiteit.
    Ook beschikbaar in dspace: http://hdl.handle.net/1820/212

  14. State of the art in e-Learning toepassingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluijfhout, Eric

    2005-01-01

    Kluijfhout, E. (2004). State of the art in e-Learning toepassingen. In: Van Geloven, M., Koper, R. & Van der Veen, J., E-learning trends (pp. 16-18). Utrecht, Stichting Digitale Universiteit.
    Ook beschikbaar in dspace: http://hdl.handle.net/1820/212

  15. MODELING THE DEMAND FOR E85 IN THE UNITED STATES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Changzheng [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

    2013-10-01

    How demand for E85 might evolve in the future in response to changing economics and policies is an important subject to include in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). This report summarizes a study to develop an E85 choice model for NEMS. Using the most recent data from the states of Minnesota, North Dakota, and Iowa, this study estimates a logit model that represents E85 choice as a function of prices of E10 and E85, as well as fuel availability of E85 relative to gasoline. Using more recent data than previous studies allows a better estimation of non-fleet demand and indicates that the price elasticity of E85 choice appears to be higher than previously estimated. Based on the results of the econometric analysis, a model for projecting E85 demand at the regional level is specified. In testing, the model produced plausible predictions of US E85 demand to 2040.

  16. A Way Forward for State Taxation of E-Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Gamage, David; Heckman, Devin

    2011-01-01

    We propose a novel solution for states that wish to tax interstate e-commerce based on fully and adequately compensating remote vendors for all tax compliance costs. We argue that our proposed solution is compatible with the Quill framework for when states can constitutionally impose burdens on remote vendors. We argue that unlike our proposed solution, the recent state attempts to tax interstate e-commerce through so-called “Amazon laws†are unconstitutional, ineffective, or both. We thus...

  17. State waste discharge permit application, 200-E chemical drain field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-06-01

    As part of the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order negotiations (Ecology et al. 1994), the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office, the US Environmental Protection Agency, and the Washington State Department of Ecology agreed that liquid effluent discharges to the ground on the Hanford Site which affect groundwater or have the potential to affect ground would be subject to permitting under the structure of Chapter 173-216 (or 173-218 where applicable) of the Washington Administrative Code, the State Waste Discharge Permit Program. As a result of this decision, the Washington State Department of Ecology and the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office entered into Consent Order No. DE 91NM-177, (Ecology and DOE-RL 1991). The Consent Order No. DE 91NM-177 requires a series of permitting activities for liquid effluent discharges. This document presents the State Waste Discharge Permit (SWDP) application for the 200-E Chemical Drain Field. Waste water from the 272-E Building enters the process sewer line directly through a floor drain, while waste water from the 2703-E Building is collected in two floor drains, (north and south) that act as sumps and are discharged periodically. The 272-E and 2703-E Buildings constitute the only discharges to the process sewer line and the 200-E Chemical Drain Field.

  18. E-learning: Current State of Art and Future Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukta Goyal

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Adaptation of the E-learning system according to cognitive characteristics of the students is a relatively new direction of research on the conjunction of technical and pedagogical aspects. It is particularly important that the E-learning systems are able to integrate different paces of content and navigation in order to be able to respond to diverse needs of the students. The goal of this paper is to present the state of art in E-learning and thereafter to highlight some future aspects.

  19. Final State Interaction Effects in pol 3He(pol e,e'p)

    CERN Document Server

    Carasco, C C; Merle, P; Bartsch, P; Baumann, D; Böhm, R; Bosnar, D; Ding, M; Distler, M O; Friedrich, J M; Golak, J; Glöckle, W; Hauger, M; Heil, W; Jennewein, P; Jourdan, J; Kamada, H; Klein, A; Köhl, M; Krygier, K W; Merkel, H; Müller, U; Neuhausen, R; Nogga, A; Normand, C; Otten, E W; Pospischil, T; Potokar, M; Rohe, D; Schmieden, H; Schmiedeskamp, J; Seimetz, M; Sick, I; Sirca, S; Skibinski, S; Testa, G; Walcher, T; Warren, G; Weis, M; Witala, H; Wöhrle, H; Zeier, M; Normand, Ch.; Pospischil, Th.; Walcher, Th.

    2003-01-01

    Asymmetries in quasi-elastic pol 3He(pol e,e'p) have been measured at a momentum transfer of 0.67 (GeV/c)^2 and are compared to a calculation which takes into account relativistic kinematics in the final state and a relativistic one-body current operator. With an exact solution of the Faddeev equation for the 3He-ground state and an approximate treatment of final state interactions in the continuum good agreement is found with the experimental data.

  20. BPS states in the Minahan-Nemeschansky E6 theory

    CERN Document Server

    Hollands, Lotte

    2016-01-01

    We use the method of spectral networks to compute BPS state degeneracies in the Minahan-Nemeschansky $E_6$ theory, on its Coulomb branch, without turning on a mass deformation. The BPS multiplicities come out in representations of the $E_6$ flavor symmetry. For example, along the simplest ray in electromagnetic charge space, we give the first $14$ numerical degeneracies, and the first $7$ degeneracies as representations of $E_6$. We find a complicated spectrum, exhibiting exponential growth of multiplicities as a function of the electromagnetic charge. There is one unexpected outcome: the spectrum is consistent (in a nontrivial way) with the hypothesis of "spin purity," that if a BPS state in this theory has electromagnetic charge equal to $n$ times a primitive charge, then it appears in a spin-$\\frac{n}{2}$ multiplet.

  1. Single- and multi-photon final states with missing energy at e sup + e sup - colliders

    CERN Document Server

    Montagna, G; Nicrosini, O; Piccinini, F

    1999-01-01

    The search for new physics in single- and multi-photon final states with large missing energy at LEP and future e sup + e sup - colliders requires precise predictions for the Standard Model irreducible background. While at LEP1 the theoretical situation is under control, going to LEP2 (and beyond) some improvements are necessary. To approach the aimed O(1%) theoretical accuracy, the tree-level matrix elements for the processes e sup + e sup - -> nu nu-barn gamma, with n=1, 2, 3, are exactly computed in the Standard Model, including the possibility of anomalous couplings for single-photon production. Due to the presence of observed photons in the final state, particular attention is paid to the treatment of higher-order QED corrections. Comparisons with existing calculations are shown and commented on. An improved version of the event generator NUNUGPV is presented.

  2. Hadronic final states in e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation at BaBar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petzold, A [Universitaet Dortmund, Experimentelle Physik 5, 44221 Dortmund (Germany)], E-mail: petzold@slac.stanford.edu

    2008-05-15

    We present recent results of studies of hadronic final states produced in e{sup ++}e{sup -} annihilation at the BaBar experiment at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy storage rings. We study the processes e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0} {gamma}, K{sup +} K{sup -} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0} {gamma}, and K{sup +} K{sup -} K{sup +} K{sup -} {gamma}, where the photon is radiated from the initial state. Studying the structure of these events, we find contributions from a number of intermediate states, and we extract their cross sections where possible. In particular, we isolate the contribution from e{sup +} e{sup -} {yields} {phi}(1020)fo(980). In the charmonium region, we observe the J/{psi} in all three final states and several intermediate states, as well as the {psi}(2S) in some modes, and measure the corresponding branching fractions. We describe the preliminary measurement of the hadronic cross section {sigma}(e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}) performed via Initial State Radiation in the mass range from 0.95 GeV to 4.5 GeV. We study the s dependence with small point-to-point uncertainties and the internal structure of the {pi}{sup +} {pi}{sup -} {pi}{sup 0} {pi}{sup 0} channel. We report the first observation of e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation into states of positive C-parity, namely {rho}{sup 0}{rho}{sup 0} and {phi}{rho}{sup 0}. The two states are observed in the {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and K{sup +} K{sup -} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} final states, respectively, at energies near s{radical} = 10.58 GeV. The distributions of cos{theta}*, where {theta}* is the center-of-mass polar angle of the {phi}s on or the forward {rho} meson, suggest production by two-virtual-photon annihilation. We present a preliminary study e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields} CC events at s{radical} {approx}10.6 GeV containing both a A{sub c}{sup +} baryon and a A{sub c}{sup -} antibaryon. We find roughly 4.2 times the

  3. Momentum correlation of the final-state wavefunction for (e, 3e) collisions on helium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Sui- Meng

    2004-01-01

    Based on our earlier paper, the momentum correlation of the four bodies in the final state is further considered for (e, 3e) processes on helium. A fivefold differential cross section (FDCS) for electron-impact double ionization of helium is calculated by use of the modified model for high incident energy (1-5.6keV). It has been found that the present results give a better description for the experimental data, as compared with the results of our earlier paper.

  4. E2 transitions between excited single-phonon states: Role of ground-state correlations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamerdzhiev, S. P. [National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Voitenkov, D. A., E-mail: dvoytenkov@ippe.ru [Institute for Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

    2016-11-15

    The probabilities for E2 transitions between low-lying excited 3{sup −} and 5{sup −} single-phonon states in the {sup 208}Pb and {sup 132}Sn magic nuclei are estimated on the basis of the theory of finite Fermi systems. The approach used involves a new type of ground-state correlations, that which originates from integration of three (rather than two, as in the random-phase approximation) single-particle Green’s functions. These correlations are shown to make a significant contribution to the probabilities for the aforementioned transitions.

  5. Flavour independent search for Higgs bosons decaying into hadronic final states in e+e- collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Abbiendi, G.; Akesson, P.F.; Alexander, G.; Allison, John; Amaral, P.; Anagnostou, G.; Anderson, K.J.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Bailey, I.; Barberio, E.; Barillari, T.; Barlow, R.J.; Batley, R.J.; Bechtle, P.; Behnke, T.; Bell, Kenneth Watson; Bell, P.J.; Bella, G.; Bellerive, A.; Benelli, G.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Boeriu, O.; Bock, P.; Bohme, J.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Brigliadori, L.; Brown, Robert M.; Buesser, K.; Burckhart, H.J.; Campana, S.; Carnegie, R.K.; Carter, A.A.; Carter, J.R.; Chang, C.Y.; Charlton, D.G.; Ciocca, C.; Csilling, A.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; De Roeck, A.; De Wolf, E.A.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Donkers, M.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I.P.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Feld, L.; Ferrari, P.; Fiedler, F.; Fleck, I.; Ford, M.; Frey, A.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, John William; Gaycken, G.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Giunta, Marina; Goldberg, J.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwe, M.; Gunther, P.O.; Gupta, A.; Hajdu, C.; Hamann, M.; Hanson, G.G.; Harel, A.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C.M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R.J.; Herten, G.; Horvath, D.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ishii, K.; Jeremie, H.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T.R.; Kanaya, N.; Kanzaki, J.; Karlen, D.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R.K.; Kellogg, R.G.; Kennedy, B.W.; Klein, K.; Klier, A.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Komamiya, S.; Kramer, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kruger, K.; Kuhl, T.; Landsman, H.; Lanske, D.; Layter, J.G.; Lellouch, D.; Lettso, J.; Levinson, L.; Lillich, J.; Lloyd, S.L.; Loebinger, F.K.; Lu, J.; Ludwig, A.; Ludwig, J.; Mader, W.; Marcellini, S.; Martin, A.J.; Masetti, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mattig, Peter; McKenna, J.; McPherson, R.A.; Meijers, F.; Menges, W.; Merritt, F.S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D.J.; Moed, S.; Mohr, W.; Mori, T.; Mutter, A.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Nanjo, H.; Neal, H.A.; Nisius, R.; ONeale, S.W.; Oh, A.; Okpara, A.; Oreglia, M.J.; Orito, S.; Pahl, C.; Pasztor, G.; Pater, J.R.; Pilcher, J.E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, David E.; Poli, B.; Pooth, O.; Przybycien, M.; Quadt, A.; Rabbertz, K.; Rembser, C.; Renkel, P.; Roney, J.M.; Rosati, S.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sarkisyan, E.K.G.; Schaile, A.D.; Schaile, O.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schoerner-Sadenius, Thomas; Schroder, Matthias; Schumacher, M.; Scott, W.G.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T.G.; Shen, B.C.; Sherwood, P.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A.M.; Sobie, R.; Soldner-Rembold, S.; Spano, F.; Stahl, A.; Strom, David M.; Strohmer, R.; Tarem, S.; Tasevsky, M.; Teuscher, R.; Thomson, M.A.; Torrence, E.; Toya, D.; Tran, P.; Trigger, I.; Trocsanyi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turner-Watson, M.F.; Ueda, I.; Ujvari, B.; Vollmer, C.F.; Vannerem, P.; Vertesi, R.; Verzocchi, M.; Voss, H.; Vossebeld, J.; Waller, D.; Ward, C.P.; Ward, D.R.; Watkins, P.M.; Watson, A.T.; Watson, N.K.; Wells, P.S.; Wengler, T.; Wermes, N.; Wetterling, D.; Wilson, G.W.; Wilson, J.A.; Wolf, G.; Wyatt, T.R.; Yamashita, S.; Zer-Zion, D.; Zivkovic, Lidija

    2004-01-01

    A search for the Higgsstrahlung process e+e- -> hZ is described, where the neutral Higgs boson h is assumed to decay into hadronic final states. In order to be sensitive to a broad range of models, the search is performed independent of the flavour content of the Higgs boson decay. The analysis is based on e+e- collision data collected by the OPAL detector at energies between 192 GeV and 209 GeV. The search does not reveal any significant excess over the Standard Model background prediction. Results are combined with previous searches at energies around 91 GeV and at 189 GeV. A limit is set on the product of the cross-section and the hadronic branching ration of the Higgs boson, as a function of the Higgs boson mass. Assuming the hZ coupling predicted by the Standard Model, and a Higgs boson decaying only into hadronic final states, a lower bound of 104 GeV/c2 is set on the mass at the 95% confidence level.

  6. On the dynamical fluctuations in the multiparticle final states of $e^{+}e^{-}$ collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, F; Liu, L

    1999-01-01

    The scaling property of factorial moments in the multiparticle final- states of e/sup +/e/sup -/ collisions is studied in both the laboratory and the thrust-axis coordinate systems by using the Jetset generator. It turns out that in both of the two cases, the 3- dimensional lnF/sub 2/~lnM are approximately straight lines when the phase space are divided isotropically in different directions, showing that the dynamical fluctuations in the multiparticle final- state of e/sup +/e/sup $/collisions are approximately isotropic. In the lab system, the three gamma parameters obtained by fitting F/sub 2/~M of p/sub x/, p/sub y/, p/sub z/ to Ochs formula respectively are approximately equal. In the thrust system, the three gamma values obtained by fitting F/sub 2/(y)~M, F/sub 2/(p/sub t/)~M and F/sub 2/( phi )~M are also close to each other provided the starting point in fitting F/sub 2/( phi )~M is chosen appropriately. All of these provide further evidence for the above assertion. Our results show that the essential ...

  7. Steady-State Chemotactic Response in E. coli

    CERN Document Server

    Kafri, Yariv

    2007-01-01

    The bacterium E. coli maneuvers itself to regions with high chemoattractant concentrations by performing two stereotypical moves: `runs', in which it moves in near straight lines, and `tumbles', in which it does not advance but changes direction randomly. The duration of each move is stochastic and depends upon the chemoattractant concentration experienced in the recent past. We relate this stochastic behavior to the steady-state density of a bacterium population, and we derive the latter as a function of chemoattractant concentration. In contrast to earlier treatments, here we account for the effects of temporal correlations and variable tumbling durations. A range of behaviors obtains, that depends subtly upon several aspects of the system - memory, correlation, and tumbling stochasticity in particular.

  8. Steady state growth of E. Coli in low ammonium environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Minsu; Deris, Barret; Zhang, Zhongge; Hwa, Terry

    2011-03-01

    Ammonium is the preferred nitrogen source for many microorganisms. In medium with low ammonium concentrations, enteric bacteria turn on the nitrogen responsive (ntr) genes to assimilate ammonium. Two proteins in E. coli, Glutamine synthetase (GS) and the Ammonium/methylammonium transporter AmtB play crucial roles in this regard. GS is the major ammonium assimilation enzyme below 1mM of NH4 + . AmtB is an inner membrane protein that transports NH4 + across the cell membrane against a concentration gradient. In order to study ammonium uptake at low NH4 + concentration at neutral pH, we developed a microfluidic flow chamber that maintains a homogenous nutrient environment during the course of exponential cell growth, even at very low concentration of nutrients. Cell growth can be accurately monitored using time-lapse microscopy. We followed steady state growth down to micro-molar range of NH4 + for the wild type and Δ amtB strains. The wild type strain is able to maintain the growth rate from 10mM down to a few uM of NH4 + , while the mutant exhibited reduced growth below ~ 20 ~uM of NH4 + . Simultaneous characterization of the expression levels of GS and AmtB using fluorescence reporters reveals that AmtB is turned on already at 1mM, but contributes to function only below ~ 30 ~uM in the wild-type. Down to ~ 20 ~uM of NH4 + , E.~coli can compensate the loss of AmtB by GS alone.

  9. Hb E-β-Thalassemia in Five Indian States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Italia, Khushnooma; Dabke, Pooja; Sawant, Pratibha; Nadkarni, Anita; Ghosh, Kanjaksha; Colah, Roshan B

    2016-09-01

    Hb E [β26(B8)Glu→Lys; HBB: c.79G > A]-β-thalassemia (β-thal) has an extremely variable clinical presentation. We report the clinical features of these patients from five Indian states together with their hematological and molecular characteristics. Seventy-eight Hb E-β-thal patients from different regions [West Bengal (30), Maharashtra (21), Uttar Pradesh (13), Bihar (11), Orissa (3)] were clinically evaluated along with hematological profiles and molecular characteristics (β-thal mutations, XmnI polymorphisms, α genotypes). Twenty-nine of the 78 patients had a mild clinical presentation (clinical score 2.2 ± 1.1), while 15 had moderate severity (clinical score 6.1 ± 1.2) with occasional transfusion needs, and 34 patients were severely affected (clinical score 8.2 ± 0.5) requiring regular blood transfusions. The age at clinical presentation in the severely affected patients was lower (6 months-10 years) as compared to those with milder symptoms (2 years-34 years). Thirty-four patients showed splenomegaly (spleen ≥3 cm below the costal margin) and five patients were splenectomized. The severe β(+ )IVS1-5 (G > C) (HBB: c.92 + 5G > C) was the most common β-thal mutation, while seven other mutations were also seen. The XmnI [+/+] and [-/-] polymorphisms were seen in 24.1 and 10.3% of mildly affected patients and 14.7 and 17.6% of severely affected patients respectively. A single α gene deletion (-α(3.7)/αα) was found in 20.7% of mildly affected and 5.9% of severely affected patients, respectively. No specific differences in the clinical, hematological or molecular characteristics were observed in the Hb E-β-thal patients from various geographic regions or different ethnic groups.

  10. Search for rare and forbidden decays of charm and charmed-strange mesons to final states h^+- e^-+ e^+

    CERN Document Server

    Rubin, P; Mehrabyan, S; Selen, M; Wiss, J; Libby, J; Kornicer, M; Mitchell, R E; Shepherd, M R; Tarbert, C M; Besson, D; Pedlar, T K; Xavier, J; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Hietala, J; Zweber, P; Dobbs, S; Metreveli, Z; Seth, K K; Tomaradze, A; Xiao, T; Brisbane, S; Martin, L; Powell, A; Spradlin, P; Wilkinson, G; Mendez, H; Ge, J Y; Miller, D H; Shipsey, I P J; Xin, B; Adams, G S; Hu, D; Moziak, B; Napolitano, J; Ecklund, K M; Insler, J; Muramatsu, H; Park, C S; Pearson, L J; Thorndike, E H; Yang, F; Ricciardi, S; Thomas, C; Artuso, M; Blusk, S; Mountain, R; Skwarnicki, T; Stone, S; Wang, J C; Zhang, L M; Bonvicini, G; Cinabro, D; Lincoln, A; Smith, M J; Zhou, P; Zhu, J; Naik, P; Rademacker, J; Asner, D M; Edwards, K W; Randrianarivony, K; Tatishvili, G; Briere, R A; Vogel, H; Onyisi, P U E; Rosner, J L; Alexander, J P; Cassel, D G; Das, S; Ehrlich, R; Fields, L; Gibbons, L; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Heltsley, B K; Kreinick, D L; Kuznetsov, V E; Patterson, J R; Peterson, D; Riley, D; Ryd, A; Sadoff, A J; Shi, X; Sun, W M; Yelton, J

    2010-01-01

    We have searched for flavor-changing neutral current decays and lepton-number-violating decays of D^+ and D^+_s mesons to final states of the form h^+- e^-+ e^+, where h is either \\pi or K. We use the complete samples of CLEO-c open-charm data, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 818 pb^-1 at the center-of-mass energy E_CM = 3.774 GeV containing 2.4 x 10^6 D^+D^- pairs and 602 pb^-1 at E_CM = 4.170 GeV containing 0.6 x 10^6 D^*+-_s D^-+_s pairs. No signal is observed in any channel and we obtain 90% confidence level upper limits on branching fractions B(D^+ --> \\pi^+ e^+ e^-) \\pi^- e^+ e^+) K^+ e^+ e^-) K^- e^+ e^+) \\pi^+ e^+ e^-) \\pi^- e^+ e^+) K^+ e^+ e^-) K^- e^+ e^+) < 1.7 x 10^-5.

  11. Conflito social e welfare state: Estado e desenvolvimento social no Brasil Social conflict and welfare state: state and social development in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Guedes Gomes

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo argumenta que no Brasil a luta de classes não alcançou dimensões profundas que pudesse engendrar a constituição do welfare state. Ao contrário, o Estado, sobretudo sua forma mais moderna, capitalista, que emergiu a partir da década de 1930, sempre se antecipou aos movimentos sociais que representassem ameaças de rupturas. De forma repressiva, o Estado brasileiro desde o Império dissipou os conflitos com o objetivo de manter uma certa harmonia em favor do processo de expansão e reprodução capitalista e a integração dos espaços regionais. O artigo, portanto, é uma tentativa, prematura, de entender o processo de constituição dos sistemas de seguridade social, analisando as experiências de alguns países e suas respectivas características, com isso confrontando alguns estudos e realizando comparações com a dinâmica da luta de classes no Brasil e a função do Estado nesse processo.This article defends the theory that the class struggle in Brazil has not been able to engender the formation of a welfare state. On the contrary, the nation which emerged in the 1930s - above all in its more modern capitalistic form - has always prevented social movements that could pose any threat of a rupture. Since when it was a monarchy, Brazil has dealt with its conflicts in a repressive fashion, with the goal of maintaining a certain harmony in the interest of the expansion and the propagation of capitalism as well as regional integration. This text, therefore, is an attempt, albeit premature, to understand the process involving the formation of the social security system in Brazil, by analyzing the experiences of a number of countries and their respective characteristics, thus examining a few studies and making comparisons with the class struggle dynamic in Brazil and the role of the State in this process.

  12. Observation of e(+)e(-) annihilation into the C = +1 hadronic final states rho(0)rho(0) and phirho(0).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubert, B; Barate, R; Bona, M; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schroeder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Sherwood, D J; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Mommsen, R K; Roethel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Latour, E; Thiebaux, Ch; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro Vazquez, W; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Staengle, H; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Losecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonyan, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Potter, C T; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Galeazzi, F; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; de la Vaissière, Ch; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; John, M J J; Malclès, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Legendre, M; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hryn'ova, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; Macfarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Muller, D R; O'grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Va'vra, J; van Bakel, N; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Martinez-Vidal, F; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Mellado, B; Mihalyi, A; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2006-09-15

    We report the first observation of e(+)e(-) annihilation into states of positive C parity, namely, rho(0)rho(0) and phirho(0). The two states are observed in the pi(+)pi(-)pi(+)pi(-) and K(+)K(-)pi(+)pi(-) final states, respectively, in a data sample of 225 fb(-1) collected by the BABAR experiment at the Positron-Electron Project II e(+)e(-) storage rings at energies near sqrt[s]=10.58 GeV. The distributions of costheta(*), where theta(*) is the center-of-mass polar angle of the phi meson or the forward rho(0) meson, suggest production by two-virtual-photon annihilation. We measure cross sections within the range |costheta(*)|rho(0)rho(0))=20.7+/-0.7(stat)+/-2.7(syst) fb and sigma(e(+)e(-)-->phirho(0))=5.7+/-0.5(stat)+/-0.8(syst) fb.

  13. Observation of e+e- to K+K-J/psi via Initial State Radiation at Belle

    CERN Document Server

    Yuan, C Z; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Bakich, A M; Balagura, V; Barberio, E; Belous, K S; Bitenc, U; Bondar, A; Bracko, M; Brodzicka, J; Browder, T E; Chao, Y; Chen, A; Chen, W T; Cheon, B G; Chistov, R; Cho, I S; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Das, A; Dash, M; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Gabyshev, N; Golob, B; Ha, H; Haba, J; Hayasaka, K; Hazumi, M; Heffernan, D; Hokuue, T; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W S; Hyun, H J; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Ishino, H; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, Y; Kah, D H; Kang, J H; Kawai, H; Kawasaki, T; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Korpar, S; Krokovny, P; Kumar, R; Kuo, C C; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y J; Lee, M J; Lee, S E; Lesiak, T; Lin, S W; Liventsev, D; Mandl, F; Matyja, A; McOnie, S; Medvedeva, T; Mitaroff, W A; Miyabayashi, K; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mizuk, R; Mohapatra, D; Moloney, G R; Nagasaka, Y; Nakao, M; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Noguchi, S; Nozaki, T; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Park, C W; Park, H; Peak, L S; Piilonen, L E; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Schneider, O; Schümann, J; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shibuya, H; Shiu, J G; Shwartz, B; Singh, J B; Stanic, S; Staric, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Takasaki, F; Tamai, K; Tanaka, M; Teramoto, Y; Tikhomirov, I; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Usov, Yu; Varner, G; Vervink, K; Villa, S; Wang, C C; Wang, C H; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamaguchi, A; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zupanc, A; Zyukova, O

    2007-01-01

    The process e+e- to K+K-J/psi is observed for the first time via initial state radiation. The cross section of e+e- to K+K-J/psi for center-of-mass energies between threshold and 6.0 GeV is measured using 673 fb^{-1} of data collected with the Belle detector on and off the Upsilon(4S) resonance. We also find evidence for e+e- to K_S K_S J/psi in the same energy region.

  14. Final state interactions and CP violation in K$_{L}$ --> $\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$e+e-

    CERN Document Server

    Elwood, J K; Savage, M J; Walden, J W; Elwood, John K; Wise, Mark B; Savage, Martin J; Walden, James W

    1996-01-01

    Using chiral perturbation theory we calculate the imaginary parts of the K_L \\rightarrow \\pi^+ \\pi^- e^+ e^- form factors that arise from \\pi \\pi \\rightarrow \\pi^+ \\pi^- and \\pi \\pi \\rightarrow \\pi^+ \\pi^- \\gamma^* rescattering. We discuss their influence on CP violating variables in K_L \\rightarrow \\pi^+ \\pi^- e^+ e^-.

  15. State E-Government Strategies: Identifying Best Practices and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-23

    creating centralized systems and procedures for citizens to obtain information through state web portals and other forms of enterprise architecture ...security and privacy standards; adopting a statewide enterprise architecture ; providing for succession planning; investing in personnel; and implementing...appointments, and settling of traffic citations. Before the DMV offered online appointment-setting, Californians stood in long lines to complete DMV

  16. Study of e+e- --> pi+ pi- pi0 process using initial state radiation with BABAR

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Abrams, G S; Adye, T; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Albert, J; Aleksan, Roy; Allison, J; Allmendinger, T; Altenburg, D; Andreotti, M; Angelini, C; Anulli, F; Aston, D; Azzolini, V; Baak, M; Back, J J; Bailey, S; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Band, H R; Banerjee, Sw; Barate, R; Bard, D J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Barrett, M; Bartoldus, R; Batignani, G; Bauer, J M; Beck, T W; Behera, P K; Bellini, F; Benayoun, M; Berger, N; Bernard, D; Berryhill, J W; Best, D; Bettarini, S; Bettoni, D; Bevan, A J; Bhimji, W; Bianchi, F; Biasini, M; Blanc, F; Blaylock, G; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bloom, P; Bóna, M; Bondioli, M; Bonneaud, G R; Borgland, A W; Bosisio, L; Boutigny, D; Bowerman, D A; Boyarski, A M; Boyd, J T; Bozzi, C; Brandenburg, G; Brandt, T; Brau, J E; Breon, A B; Briand, H; Brochard, F; Brose, J; Brown, C L; Brown, C M; Brown, D; Brown, D N; Bruinsma, M; Brunet, S; Bucci, F; Buchanan, C; Buchmüller, O L; Bugg, W; Bulten, H; Burchat, Patricia R; Button-Shafer, J; Buzzo, A; Côté, D; Cahn, R N; Calabrese, R; Calcaterra, A; Calderini, G; Campagnari, C; Capra, R; Carpinelli, M; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; Cavoto, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Chao, M; Charles, E; Charles, M J; Chauveau, J; Chavez, C A; Chen, A; Chen, E; Chen, J C; Chen, S; Cheng, B; Cheng, C H; Chevalier, N; Christ, S; Cibinetto, G; Clark, P J; Claus, R; Cochran, J; Colecchia, F; Coleman, J P; Contri, R; Convery, M R; Cormack, C M; Cossutti, F; Cottingham, W N; Couderc, F; Covarelli, R; Cowan, G; Cowan, R; Crawley, H B; Cremaldi, L M; Cristinziani, M; Crosetti, G; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Dahmes, B; Dallapiccola, C; Danielson, N; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Dauncey, P D; David, P; Davier, M; Davis, C L; Day, C T; De Groot, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Del Buono, L; Della Ricca, G; Di Lodovico, F; Dickopp, M; Dittongo, S; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dorigo, A; Druzhinin, V P; Dubitzky, R S; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Dvoretskii, A; Eckmann, R; Edwards, A J; Egede, U; Eichenbaum, A M; Eigen, G; Eisner, A M; Elmer, P; Elsen, E E; Emery, S; Ernst, J A; Eschenburg, V; Eschrich, I; Fabozzi, F; Faccini, R; Fan, S; Farbin, A; Feltresi, E; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Field, R C; Finocchiaro, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Flood, K T; Ford, K E; Ford, W T; Forster, I J; Forti, F; Fortin, D; Foulkes, S D; Franek, B J; Frey, R; Fritsch, M; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gaidot, A; Gaillard, J M; Gaillard, J R; Galeazzi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Gamet, R; Gan, K K; Ganzhur, S F; Gary, J W; Gaspero, M; Gatto, C; Geddes, N I; Gill, M S; Giorgi, M A; Giraud, P F; Giroux, X; Gladney, L; Glanzman, T; Godang, R; Goetzen, K; Golubev, V B; Gopal, G P; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M; Grancagnolo, S; Green, M G; Greene, M G; Grenier, G J; Grenier, P; Gritsan, A V; Grosdidier, G; Groysman, Y; Guo, Q H; Hadavand, H K; Hadig, T; Haire, M; Halyo, V; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Hamon, O; Harrison, P F; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hart, P A; Hartfiel, B L; Harton, J L; Hast, C; Hauke, A; Hawkes, C M; Hearty, C; Held, T; Hertzbach, S S; Heusch, C A; Hicheur, A; Hill, E J; Hitlin, D G; Höcker, A; Hodgkinson, M C; Hollar, J J; Honscheid, K; Hrynóva, T; Hufnagel, D; Hulsbergen, W D; Hutchcroft, D E; Igonkina, O; Innes, W R; Ivanchenko, V N; Izen, J M; Jackson, P D; Jackson, P S; Jacobsen, R G; Jawahery, A; Jayatilleke, S M; Jessop, C P; John, M J J; Johnson, J R; Judd, D; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kagan, H; Karyotakis, Yu; Kass, R; Kelly, M P; Kelsey, M H; Kerth, L T; Khan, A; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kirkby, D; Kitayama, I; Knecht, N S; Koch, H; Kocian, M L; Kofler, R; Kolomensky, Yu G; Koptchev, V B; Kovalskyi, D; Kowalewski, R V; Kozanecki, Witold; Kravchenko, E A; Krishnamurthy, M; Kroeger, R; Kroseberg, J; Kukartsev, G; Kutter, P E; Kyberd, P; Lacker, H M; Lae, C K; Lafferty, G D; Lamsa, J; Lanceri, L; Lange, D J; Langenegger, U; Lankford, A J; Laplace, S; Latham, T E; Lau, Y P; Lavin, D; Lazzaro, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lees, J P; Legendre, M; Leith, D W G S; Lepeltier, V; Leruste, P; Lewandowski, B; Li Gioi, L; Li, H; Libby, J; Lillard, V; Lista, L; Liu, R; LoSecco, J M; Lo Vetere, M; Lockman, W S; Lombardo, V; London, G W; Long, O; Lou, X C; Lu, A; Lü, C; Luitz, S; Luppi, E; Lusiani, A; Lüth, V; Lutz, A M; Lynch, G; Lynch, H L; Lyon, A J; MacFarlane, D B; Macri, M; Malcles, J; Mallik, U; Mancinelli, G; Mandelkern, M A; Manfredi, P F; Mangeol, D J J; Marchiori, G; Margoni, M; Marsiske, H; Martínez-Vidal, F; Mattison, T S; Mayer, B; Mazur, M A; Mazzoni, M A; McKenna, J A; McMahon, T R; Meadows, B T; Messner, R; Meyer, T I; Meyer, W T; Miftakov, V; Mihályi, A; Mir, L M; Mohanty, G B; Mohapatra, A K; Mommsen, R K; Monge, M R; Monorchio, D; Moore, T B; Morandin, M; Morgan, S E; Morganti, M; Morganti, S; Morii, M; Morton, G W; Muheim, F; Müller, D R; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Narsky, I; Nash, J A; Nauenberg, U; Neal, H; Negrini, M; Neri, N; Nesom, G; Nicholson, H; Nikolich, M B; Nogowski, R; O'Grady, C P; Ocariz, J; Oddone, P J; Ofte, I; Olaiya, E O; Olivas, A; Olsen, J; Onuchin, A P; Orimoto, T J; Otto, S; Ozcan, V E; Paar, H P; Paick, K; Palano, A; Palombo, F; Pan, Y; Panetta, J; Panvini, R S; Paoloni, E; Paolucci, P; Parry, R J; Passaggio, S; Patel, P M; Patrignani, C; Patteri, P; Payne, D J; Pelizaeus, M; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Peruzzi, I M; Petersen, B A; Petersen, T C; Petrak, S; Petzold, A; Piatenko, T; Piccolo, D; Piccolo, M; Piemontese, L; Pierini, M; Pioppi, M; Piredda, G; Pivk, M; Plaszczynski, S; Playfer, S; Pompili, A; Poropat, P; Porter, F C; Posocco, M; Potter, C T; Prell, S; Prepost, R; Pripstein, M; Pulliam, T; Purohit, M V; Qi, N D; Rahatlou, S; Rahimi, A M; Rama, M; Rankin, P; Ratcliff, B N; Raven, G; Re, V; Reidy, J; Ricciardi, S; Richman, J D; Ritchie, J L; Rizzo, G; Roat, C; Roberts, D A; Robertson, S H; Robutti, E; Roe, N A; Röthel, W; Ronan, Michael T; Roney, J M; Rong, G; Roodman, A; Roos, L; Rosenberg, E I; Rotondo, M; Rubin, A E; Ryd, A; Saeed, M A; Safai-Tehrani, F; Saleem, M; Salnikov, A A; Salvatore, F; Samuel, A; Sanders, D A; Sandrelli, F; Santroni, A; Saremi, S; Sarti, A; Satpathy, A; Schalk, T; Schindler, R H; Schott, G; Schrenk, S; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schumm, B A; Schune, M H; Schwiening, J; Schwierz, R; Schwitters, R F; Sciacca, C; Sciolla, G; Seiden, A; Sekula, S J; Serednyakov, S I; Sharma, V; Shelkov, V G; Shen, B C; Simani, M C; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Sinev, N B; Skovpen, Yu I; Sloane, R J; Smith, A J S; Smith, J G; Snoek, H L; Snyder, A; Sobie, R J; Soffer, A; Soha, A; Sokoloff, M D; Solodov, E P; Spaan, B; Spanier, S M; Spradlin, P; Stängle, H; Steinke, M; Stelzer, J; Stoker, D P; Stroili, R; Strom, D; Stugu, B; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Summers, D J; Sundermann, J E; T'Jampens, S; Tan, P; Tantot, L; Taras, P; Taylor, F; Taylor, G P; Telnov, A V; Teodorescu, L; Ter-Antonian, R; Therin, G; Thiebaux, C; Thiessen, D; Tiozzo, G; Tisserand, V; Toki, W H; Torrence, E; Tosi, S; Touramanis, C; Treadwell, E; Vasileiadis, G; Vasseur, G; Vavra, J; Verderi, M; Verkerke, W; Vitale, L; Voci, C; Voena, C; Vuagnin, G; Wagner, G; Wagner, S R; Wagoner, D E; Waldi, R; Walsh, J; Wang, K; Wang, P; Wappler, F R; Watson, A T; Weaver, M; Weidemann, A W; Weinstein, A J R; Wenzel, W A; Wilden, L; Williams, D C; Williams, J C; Willocq, S; Wilson, F F; Wilson, J R; Wilson, M G; Wilson, R J; Winter, M A; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Won, E; Wong, Q K; Wormser, G; Wright, D H; Wright, D M; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Xie, Y; Yamamoto, R K; Yang, S; Yarritu, A K; Ye, S; Yéche, C; Yi, J; Young, C C; Yu, Z; Yumiceva, F X; Yushkov, A N; Zallo, A; Zeng, Q; Zghiche, A; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, H W; Zhu, Y S; Zito, M; De Sangro, R; Del Re, D; La Vaissière, C de

    2004-01-01

    The process e+e- --> pi+ pi- pi0 gamma has been studied at a center-of-mass energy near the Y(4S) resonance using a 89.3 fb-1 data sample collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II collider. From the measured 3pi mass spectrum we have obtained the products of branching fractions for the omega and phi mesons, B(omega --> e+e-)B(omega --> 3pi)=(6.70 +/- 0.06 +/- 0.27)10-5 and B(phi --> e+e-)B(phi --> 3pi)=(4.30 +/- 0.08 +/- 0.21)10-5, and evaluated the e+e- --> pi+ pi- pi0 cross section for the e+e- center-of-mass energy range 1.05 to 3.00 GeV. About 900 e+e- --> J/psi gamma --> pi+ pi- pi0 gamma events have been selected and the branching fraction B(J/psi --> pi+ pi- pi0)=(2.18 +/- 0.19)% has been measured.

  17. Search for Decays of B0 Mesons into e+e-, \\mu+\\mu-, and e+-\\mu+- Final States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, : B.

    2007-12-19

    The authors present a search for the decays B{sup 0} {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}, B{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} and B{sup 0} {yields} e{sup {+-}}{mu}{sup {-+}} using data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at SLAC. Using a dataset corresponding to 384 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs, they do not find evidence of any of the three decay modes. They obtain upper limit on the branching fractions, at 90% confidence level, of {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}) < 11.3 x 10{sup -8}, {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) < 5.2 x 10{sup -8}, and {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} e{sup {+-}}{mu}{sup {-+}}) < 9.2 x 10{sup -8}.

  18. EXCITATION OF LOW-LYING STATES IN ND-144 BY MEANS OF (E,E') SCATTERING

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    PERRINO, R; BLASI, N; DELEO, R; HARAKEH, MN; DEJAGER, CW; MICHELETTI, S; MIEREMET, J; PIGNANELLI, M; PONOMAREV, VY; SANDOR, RKJ; DEVRIES, H

    1993-01-01

    The low-lying states of Nd-144 have been investigated up to an excitation energy of 3.1 MeV by means of high-resolution inelastic electron scattering. Transition charge densities have been extracted for natural-parity states. The experimental data have been compared with the predictions of the quasi

  19. Initial-State Radiation Measurement of the e+e- -> pi+pi-pi+pi- Cross Section

    CERN Document Server

    Lees, J.P.; Tisserand, V.; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; Martinelli, M.; Milanes, D.A.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Brown, David Nathan; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; Khan, A.; Blinov, V.E.; Buzykaev, A.R.; Druzhinin, V.P.; Golubev, V.B.; Kravchenko, E.A.; Onuchin, A.P.; Serednyakov, S.I.; Skovpen, Yu.I.; Solodov, E.P.; Todyshev, K.Yu.; Yushkov, A.N.; Bondioli, M.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A.J.; Mandelkern, M.; Stoker, D.P.; Atmacan, H.; Gary, J.W.; Liu, F.; Long, O.; Vitug, G.M.; Campagnari, C.; Hong, T.M.; Kovalskyi, D.; Richman, J.D.; West, C.A.; Eisner, A.M.; Kroseberg, J.; Lockman, W.S.; Martinez, A.J.; Schalk, T.; Schumm, B.A.; Seiden, A.; Cheng, C.H.; Doll, D.A.; Echenard, B.; Flood, K.T.; Hitlin, D.G.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Porter, F.C.; Rakitin, A.Y.; Andreassen, R.; Dubrovin, M.S.; Huard, Z.; Meadows, B.T.; Sokoloff, M.D.; Sun, L.; Bloom, P.C.; Ford, W.T.; Gaz, A.; Nagel, M.; Nauenberg, U.; Smith, J.G.; Wagner, S.R.; Ayad, R.; Toki, W.H.; Spaan, B.; Kobel, M.J.; Schubert, K.R.; Schwierz, R.; Bernard, D.; Verderi, M.; Clark, P.J.; Playfer, S.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Garzia, I.; Luppi, E.; Munerato, M.; Negrini, M.; Piemontese, L.; Santoro, V.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Nicolaci, M.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I.M.; Piccolo, M.; Rama, M.; Zallo, A.; Contri, R.; Guido, E.; Lo Vetere, M.; Monge, M.R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Bhuyan, B.; Prasad, V.; Lee, C.L.; Morii, M.; Edwards, A.J.; Adametz, A.; Marks, J.; Uwer, U.; Bernlochner, F.U.; Ebert, M.; Lacker, H.M.; Lueck, T.; Dauncey, P.D.; Tibbetts, M.; Behera, P.K.; Mallik, U.; Chen, C.; Cochran, J.; Meyer, W.T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E.I.; Rubin, A.E.; Gritsan, A.V.; Guo, Z.J.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Grosdidier, G.; Le Diberder, F.; Lutz, A.M.; Malaescu, B.; Roudeau, P.; Schune, M.H.; Stocchi, A.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D.J.; Wright, D.M.; Bingham, I.; Chavez, C.A.; Coleman, J.P.; Fry, J.R.; Gabathuler, E.; Hutchcroft, D.E.; Payne, D.J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A.J.; Di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Sigamani, M.; Cowan, G.; Brown, David Norvil; Davis, C.L.; Denig, A.G.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Hafner, A.; Prencipe, E.; Alwyn, K.E.; Bailey, D.; Barlow, R.J.; Jackson, G.; Lafferty, G.D.; Behn, E.; Cenci, R.; Hamilton, B.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D.A.; Simi, G.; Dallapiccola, C.; Cowan, R.; Dujmic, D.; Sciolla, G.; Lindemann, D.; Patel, P.M.; Robertson, S.H.; Schram, M.; Biassoni, P.; Lazzaro, A.; Lombardo, V.; Neri, N.; Palombo, F.; Stracka, S.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Kroeger, R.; Sonnek, P.; Summers, D.J.; Nguyen, X.; Taras, P.; De Nardo, G.; Monorchio, D.; Onorato, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Snoek, H.L.; Jessop, C.P.; Knoepfel, K.J.; LoSecco, J.M.; Wang, W.F.; Honscheid, K.; Kass, R.; Brau, J.; Frey, R.; Sinev, N.B.; Strom, D.; Torrence, E.; Feltresi, E.; Gagliardi, N.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Akar, S.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bomben, M.; Bonneaud, G.R.; Briand, H.; Calderini, G.; Chauveau, J.; Hamon, O.; Leruste, Ph.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Sitt, S.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Pacetti, S.; Rossi, A.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Carpinelli, M.; Casarosa, G.; Cervelli, A.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M.A.; Lusiani, A.; Oberhof, B.; Paoloni, E.; Perez, A.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J.J.; Lopes Pegna, D.; Lu, C.; Olsen, J.; Smith, A.J.S.; Telnov, A.V.; Anulli, F.; Cavoto, G.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Gaspero, M.; Li Gioi, L.; Mazzoni, M.A.; Piredda, G.; Bunger, C.; Grunberg, O.; Hartmann, T.; Leddig, T.; Schroder, H.; Waldi, R.; Adye, T.; Olaiya, E.O.; Wilson, F.F.; Emery, S.; de Monchenault, G.Hamel; Vasseur, G.; Y\\`, Ch.; Aston, D.; Bard, D.J.; Bartoldus, R.; Cartaro, C.; Convery, M.R.; Dorfan, J.; Dubois-Felsmann, G.P.; Dunwoodie, W.; Field, R.C.; Franco Sevilla, M.; Fulsom, B.G.; Gabareen, A.M.; Graham, M.T.; Grenier, P.; Hast, C.; Innes, W.R.; Kelsey, M.H.; Kim, H.; Kim, P.; Kocian, M.L.; Leith, D.W.G.S.; Lewis, P.; Li, S.; Lindquist, B.; Luitz, S.; Luth, V.; Lynch, H.L.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Muller, D.R.; Neal, H.; Nelson, S.; Ofte, I.; Perl, M.; Pulliam, T.; Ratcliff, B.N.; Roodman, A.; Salnikov, A.A.; Schindler, R.H.; Snyder, A.; Su, D.; Sullivan, M.K.; Va'vra, J.; Wagner, A.P.; Weaver, M.; Wisniewski, W.J.; Wittgen, M.; Wright, D.H.; Wulsin, H.W.; Yarritu, A.K.; Young, C.C.; Ziegler, V.; Park, W.; Purohit, M.V.; White, R.M.; Wilson, J.R.; Randle-Conde, A.; Sekula, S.J.; Bellis, M.; Benitez, J.F.; Burchat, P.R.; Miyashita, T.S.; Alam, M.S.; Ernst, J.A.; Gorodeisky, R.; Guttman, N.; Peimer, D.R.; Soffer, A.; Lund, P.; Spanier, S.M.; Eckmann, R.; Ritchie, J.L.; Ruland, A.M.; Schilling, C.J.; Schwitters, R.F.; Wray, B.C.; Izen, J.M.; Lou, X.C.; Bianchi, F.; Gamba, D.; Lanceri, L.; Vitale, L.; Martinez-Vidal, F.; Oyanguren, A.; Ahmed, H.; Albert, J.; Banerjee, Sw.; Choi, H.H.F.; King, G.J.; Kowalewski, R.; Lewczuk, M.J.; Nugent, I.M.; Roney, J.M.; Sobie, R.J.; Tasneem, N.; Gershon, T.J.; Harrison, P.F.; Latham, T.E.; Puccio, E.M.T.; Band, H.R.; Dasu, S.; Pan, Y.; Prepost, R.; Wu, S.L.

    2012-01-01

    We study the process e+e- -> pi+pi-pi+pi-gamma, with a photon emitted from the initial-state electron or positron, using 454.3 fb^-1 of data collected with the BABAR detector at SLAC, corresponding to approximately 260,000 signal events. We use these data to extract the non-radiative sigma(e+e- ->pi+pi-pi+pi-) cross section in the energy range from 0.6 to 4.5 Gev. The total uncertainty of the cross section measurement in the peak region is less than 3%, higher in precision than the corresponding results obtained from energy scan data.

  20. Measurement of $e^+e^- \\to \\gamma\\chi_{cJ}$ via initial state radiation at Belle

    CERN Document Server

    Han, Y L; Yuan, C Z; Shen, C P; Wang, P; Abdesselam, A; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Said, S Al; Asner, D M; Aushev, T; Babu, V; Badhrees, I; Bansal, V; Bhardwaj, V; Biswal, J; Bozek, A; Bračko, M; Chen, A; Cheon, B G; Chistov, R; Cho, K; Chobanova, V; Choi, S -K; Cinabro, D; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Doležal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Dutta, D; Eidelman, S; Farhat, H; Fast, J E; Ferber, T; Fulsom, B G; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Garmash, A; Getzkow, D; Gillard, R; Glattauer, R; Goh, Y M; Goldenzweig, P; Golob, B; Haba, J; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; He, X H; Horiguchi, T; Hou, W -S; Iijima, T; Ishikawa, A; Jaegle, I; Joffe, D; Joo, K K; Kichimi, H; Kim, D Y; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, S H; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Ko, B R; Kodyš, P; Križan, P; Krokovny, P; Lewis, P; Gioi, L Li; Libby, J; Liventsev, D; Lukin, P; Masuda, M; Matvienko, D; Miyabayashi, K; Miyata, H; Mizuk, R; Moll, A; Moon, H K; Mussa, R; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nayak, M; Nisar, N K; Nishida, S; Ogawa, S; Okuno, S; Ostrowicz, W; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Pal, B; Park, H; Pedlar, T K; Pestotnik, R; Petrič, M; Piilonen, L E; Pulvermacher, C; Ribežl, E; Ritter, M; Rostomyan, A; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Sandilya, S; Santelj, L; Sanuki, T; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schwanda, C; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shebalin, V; Shibata, T -A; Shiu, J -G; Shwartz, B; Simon, F; Sohn, Y -S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stanič, S; Steder, M; Sumihama, M; Tamponi, U; Teramoto, Y; Uchida, M; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Usov, Y; Van Hulse, C; Vanhoefer, P; Varner, G; Vossen, A; Wagner, M N; Watanabe, Y; Williams, K M; Yashchenko, S; Yook, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A

    2015-01-01

    The process $e^+e^- \\to \\gamma\\chi_{cJ}$ ($J$=1, 2) is studied via initial state radiation using 980 fb$^{-1}$ of data at and around the $\\Upsilon(nS)$ ($n$=1, 2, 3, 4, 5) resonances collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $e^+e^-$ collider. No significant signal is observed except from $\\psi(2S)$ decays. Upper limits on the cross sections between $\\sqrt{s}=3.80$ and $5.56~{\\rm GeV}$ are determined at the 90% credibility level, which range from few pb to a few tens of pb. We also set upper limits on the decay rate of the vector charmonium [$\\psi(4040$), $\\psi(4160)$, and $\\psi(4415)$] and charmoniumlike [$Y(4260)$, $Y(4360)$, and $Y(4660)$] states to $\\gamma\\chi_{cJ}$.

  1. A study of e+e- -> p anti-p using initial state radiation with BABAR

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Abe, T; Abrams, G S; Adye, T; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Albert, J; Aleksan, Roy; Allen, M T; Allison, J; Allmendinger, T; Altenburg, D; Andreassen, R; Andreotti, M; Angelini, C; Anulli, F; Arnaud, N; Aston, D; Azzolini, V; Baak, M; Back, J J; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Band, H R; Banerjee, Sw; Barate, R; Bard, D J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Barrett, M; Bartoldus, R; Batignani, G; Battaglia, M; Bauer, J M; Beck, T W; Behera, P K; Bellini, F; Benayoun, M; Benelli, G; Berger, N; Bernard, D; Berryhill, J W; Best, D S; Bettarini, S; Bettoni, D; Bevan, A J; Bhimji, W; Bhuyan, B; Bianchi, F; Biasini, M; Biesiada, J; Blanc, F; Blaylock, G; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bloom, P C; Blount, N L; Bomben, M; Bondioli, M; Bonneaud, G R; Bosisio, L; Boutigny, D; Bowerman, D A; Boyarski, A M; Boyd, J T; Bozzi, C; Brandenburg, G; Brandt, T; Brau, J E; Brown, C L; Brown, C M; Brown, D N; Brown, N D; Bruinsma, M; Brunet, S; Bucci, F; Buchanan, S; Buchmüller, O L; Bugg, W; Bukin, A D; Bula, R; Bulten, H; Burchat, P R; Burke, J P; Button-Shafer, J; Buzzo, A; Bóna, M; Cahn, R N; Calabrese, R; Calcaterra, A; Calderini, G; Campagnari, C; Capra, R; Carpinelli, M; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; Cavoto, G; Cenci, R; Chai, X; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Chao, M; Charles, E; Charles, M J; Chauveau, J; Chavez, C A; Chen, A; Chen, C; Chen, E; Chen, J C; Chen, S; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Cheng, C H; Chia, Y M; Cibinetto, G; Clark, P J; Claus, R; Cochran, 3J; Coleman, J P; Contri, R; Convery, M R; Cossutti, F; Cottingham, W N; Couderc, F; Covarelli, R; Cowan, G; Cowan, R; Crawley, H B; Cremaldi, L; Cristinziani, M; Cunha, A; Curry, S; Côté, D; D'Orazio, A; Dahmes, B; Dallapiccola, C; Danielson, N; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Dauncey, P D; David, P; Davier, M; Davis, C L; Day, C T; De Groot, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; De Sangro, R; Del Buono, L; Del Re, D; Della Ricca, G; Di Lodovico, F; Di Marco, E; Dickopp, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dittongo, S; Dong, D; Dong, L; Dorfan, J; Druzhinin, V P; Dubitzky, R S; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Dvoretskii, A; Eckhart, E A; Eckmann, R; Edgar, C L; Edwards, A J; Egede, U; Eichenbaum, A M; Eigen, G; Eisner, A M; Elmer, P; Emery, S; Ernst, J A; Eschenburg, V; Eschrich, I; Eyges, V; Fabozzi, F; Faccini, R; Fan, S; Feltresi, E; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Field, R C; Finocchiaro, G; Flacco, C J; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Flood, K T; Ford, K E; Ford, W T; Forster, I J; Forti, F; Fortin, D; Foulkes, S D; Franek, B; Frey, R; Fritsch, M; Fry, J R; Fulsom, B G; Gabathuler, E; Gaidot, A; Gaillard, J R; Galeazzi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Gamet, R; Gan, K K; Ganzhur, S F; Gary, J W; Gaspero, M; Gatto, C; George, K A; Gill, M S; Giorgi, M A; Giroux, X; Gladney, L; Glanzman, T; Godang, R; Goetzen, K; Golubev, V B; Gopal, G P; Gowdy, S J; Gradl, W; Graham, M T; Grancagnolo, S; Graugès-Pous, E; Graziani, G; Green, M G; Grenier, P; Gritsan, A V; Grosdidier, G; Groysman, Y; Hadavand, H K; Hadig, T; Haire, M; Halyo, V; Hamano, K; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Hamon, O; Harrison, P F; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hartfiel, B L; Hast, C; Hauke, A; Hawkes, C M; Hearty, C; Held, T; Hertzbach, S S; Heusch, C A; Hill, E J; Hirschauer, J F; Hitlin, D G; Hollar, J J; Hong, T M; Honscheid, K; Hopkins, D A; Hrynóva, T; Hufnagel, D; Hulsbergen, W D; Hutchcroft, D E; Höcker, A; Igonkina, O; Innes, W R; Izen, J M; Jackson, P D; Jackson, P S; Jacobsen, R G; Jawahery, A; Jessop, C P; John, M J J; Johnson, J R; Judd, D; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J A; Kagan, H; Karyotakis, Yu; Kass, R; Kelly, M P; Kelsey, M H; Kerth, L T; Khan, A; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kirkby, D; Kitayama, I; Klose, V; Knecht, N S; Koch, H; Kocian, M L; Koeneke, K; Kofler, R; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kovalskyi, D; Kowalewski, R V; Kozanecki, Witold; Kravchenko, E A; Kreisel, A; Krishnamurthy, M; Kroeger, R; Kroseberg, J; Kukartsev, G; Kutter, P E; Kyberd, P; La Vaissière, C de; Lacker, H M; Lae, C K; Lafferty, G D; Lanceri, L; Lange, D J; Lankford, A J; Latham, T E; Latour, E; Lau, Y P; Lazzaro, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lees, J P; Legendre, M; Leith, D W G S; Lepeltier, V; Leruste, P; Lewandowski, B; Li Gioi, L; Li, H; Li, X; Libby, J; Lista, L; Liu, R; Lo Vetere, M; LoSecco, J M; Lockman, W S; Lombardo, V; Long, O; Lou, X C; Lu, M; Luitz, S; Lund, P; Luppi, E; Lusiani, A; Lutz, A M; Lynch, G; Lynch, H L; Lü, C; Lüth, V; MacFarlane, D B; Macri, M M; Mader, W F; Majewski, S A; Malcles, J; Mallik, U; Mancinelli, G; Mandelkern, M A; Marchiori, G; Margoni, M; Marks, J; Marsiske, H; Martínez-Vidal, F; Mattison, T S; Mayer, B; Mazur, M A; Mazzoni, M A; McKenna, J A; McMahon, T R; Meadows, B T; Mellado, B; Menges, W; Messner, R; Meyer, W T; Mihályi, A; Minamora, J S; Mir, L M; Mohanty, G B; Mohapatra, A K; Mommsen, R K; Monge, M R; Monorchio, D; Moore, T B; Morandin, M; Morgan, S E; Morganti, M; Morganti, S; Morii, M; Muheim, F; Müller, D R; Naisbit, M T; Narsky, I; Nash, J A; Nauenberg, U; Neal, H; Negrini, M; Neri, N; Nesom, G; Nicholson, H; Nikolich, M B; Nogowski, R; Nugent, I M; O'Grady, C P; Ocariz, J; Oddone, P J; Ofte, I; Olaiya, E O; Olivas, A; Olsen, J; Onuchin, A P; Orimoto, T J; Otto, S; Oyanguren, A; Ozcan, V E; Paar, H P; Pacetti, S; Palano, A; Palombo, F F; Pan, B; Pan, Y; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Panetta, J; Panvini, R S; Paoloni, E; Paolucci, P; Pappagallo, M; Parry, R J; Passaggio, S; Patel, P M; Patrignani, C; Patteri, P; Payne, D J; Pelizaeus, M; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Peruzzi, I M; Peters, K; Petersen, B A; Petersen, T C; Petzold, A; Piatenko, T; Piccolo, D; Piccolo, M; Piemontese, L; Pierini, M; Pioppi, M; Piredda, G; Playfer, S; Poireau, V; Polci, F; Pompili, A; Porter, F C; Posocco, M; Potter, C T; Prell, S; Prepost, R; Pripstein, M; Pruvot, S; Pulliam, T; Purohit, M V; Qi, N D; Rahatlou, S; Rahimi, A M; Rahmat, R; Rama, M; Ratcliff, B N; Raven, G; Reidy, J; Ricciardi, S; Richman, J D; Ritchie, J L; Rizzo, G; Roat, C; Roberts, D A; Robertson, S H; Robutti, E; Rodier, S; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Roney, J M; Rong, G; Roodman, A; Roos, L; Rosenberg, E I; Rotondo, M; Roudeau, P; Rubin, A E; Ruddick, W O; Ryd, A; Röthel, W; Sacco, R; Saeed, M A; Safai-Tehrani, F; Saleem, M; Salnikov, A A; Salvatore, F; Samuel, A; Sanders, D A; Santroni, A; Saremi, S; Satpathy, A; Schalk, T; Schenk, S; Schindler, R H; Schofield, K C; Schott, G; Schrenk, S; Schröder, T; Schröder, H; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schumm, B A; Schune, M H; Schwiening, J; Schwierz, R; Schwitters, R F; Sciacca, C; Sciolla, G; Seiden, A; Sekula, S J; Serednyakov, S I; Sharma, V; Shen, B C; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Sinev, N B; Skovpen, Yu I; Smith, A J S; Smith, J G; Snoek, H L; Snyder, A; Sobie, R J; Soffer, A; Sokoloff, M D; Solodov, E P; Spaan, B; Spanier, S M; Spitznagel, M; Spradlin, P; Steinke, M; Stelzer, J; Stocchi, A; Stoker, D P; Stroili, R; Strom, D; Strube, J; Stugu, B; Stängle, H; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Summers, D J; Sundermann, J E; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Tan, P; Taras, P; Taylor, F; Telnov, A V; Teodorescu, L; Ter-Antonian, R; Therin, G; Thiebaux, C; Thompson, J M; Tisserand, V; Toki, W H; Torrence, E; Tosi, S; Touramanis, C; Ulmer, K A; Uwer, U; Van Bakel, N; Vasileiadis, G; Vasseur, G; Vavra, J; Verderi, M; Viaud, F B; Vitale, L; Voci, C; Voena, C; Wagner, S R; Wagoner, D E; Waldi, R; Walker, D; Walsh, J; Wang, K; Wang, P; Wang, W F; Wappler, F R; Watson, A T; Weaver, M; Weidemann, A W; Weinstein, A J R; Wenzel, W A; Wilden, L; Williams, D C; Williams, J C; Willocq, S Y; Wilson, F F; Wilson, J R; Wilson, M G; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wong, Q K; Wormser, G; Wright, D H; Wright, D M; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Xie, Y; Yamamoto, R K; Yarritu, A K; Ye, S; Yi, J I; Yi, K; Young, C C; Yu, Z; Yushkov, A N; Yéche, C; Zain, S B; Zallo, A; Zeng, Q; Zghiche, A; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, H W; Zhu, Y S; Ziegler, V; Zito, M; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T

    2006-01-01

    The e+e- -> p anti-p cross section is determined over a range of p anti-p masses, from threshold to 4.5 GeV/c^2, by studying the e+e- -> p anti-p gamma process. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 232 fb^-1, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage ring, at an e+e- center-of-mass energy of 10.6 GeV. The mass dependence of the ratio of electric and magnetic form factors, |G_E/G_M|, is measured for p anti-p masses below 3 GeV/c^2; its value is found to be significantly larger than 1 for masses up to 2.2 GeV/c^2. We also measure J/psi -> p anti-p and psi(2S) -> p anti-p branching fractions and set an upper limit on Y(4260) -> p anti-p production and decay.

  2. Observation of anomalous production of muon pairs in e sup + e sup - annihilation into four-lepton final states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ho, Y.H.; Auchincloss, P.; Blanis, D.; Bodek, A.; Budd, H.; Dickson, M.; Eno, S.; Harada, H.; Kim, B.J.; Kim, Y.K.; Kumita, T.; Mori, T.; Shaw, N.M.; Sill, A.; Thorndike, E.H.; Ueno, K.; Velissaris, C.; Watts, G.; Zheng, H.W. (Rochester Univ., NY (USA)); Kurihara, Y.; Omori, T.; Abe, K.; Fujii, Y.; Higashi, Y.; Kim, S.K.; Maki, A.; Nozaki, T.; Sagawa, H.; Sakai, Y.; Sugimoto, Y.; Takaiwa, Y.; Terada, S. (National Lab. for High Energy Physics, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)); Fry, C.A.; Walker, R. (Rochester Univ., NY (USA) National Lab. for High Energy Physics, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)); Olsen, S.L. (Rochester Univ., NY (USA) Tsukuba Univ., Sakura, Ibaraki (Japan)); Imlay, R.; Kirk, P.; Lim, J.; McNeil, R.R.; Metcalf, W.; Myung, S.S. (Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge (USA)); Cheng, C.P.; Gu, P.; Li, J.; Li, Y.K.; Ye, M.H.; Zhu, Y.C. (Academia Sinica, Beijing (China). Inst. of High Energy Physics); Abashian, A.; Gotow, K.; Hu, K.P.; Low, E.H.; Mattson, M.E.; Piilonen, L.; Sterner, K.L; AMY Collaboration

    1990-07-26

    We report results of a study of four-lepton final states produced in e{sup +}e{sup -} collisions at center-of-mass energies from 50 to 61.4 GeV using the AMY detector at the TRISTAN collider. For the cases where two or three charged tracks are produced at large angles relative to the beam direction, the cross sections agree with QED. However, we observe an excess of e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields}e{sup +}e{sup -}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} events with four tracks at wide angles and with dimuon mass less than 1.0 GeV/c{sup 2}. (orig.).

  3. Hawaii state legislator views on e-cigarettes and likelihood of legislative action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juarez, Deborah Taira; Seto, Jason; Guimaraes, Alexander; Masterson, James; Davis, James; Seto, Todd B

    2015-01-01

    To examine perspectives on e-cigarette use and regulations in Hawaii through key informant interviews with state legislators. E-cigarette use is rapidly increasing, with sales in 2013 topping $1 billion in the United States, but e-cigarettes are still a largely unregulated industry. Although e-cigarettes are thought by most to be a healthier alternative to traditional cigarettes, long-term health effects are not yet known. Semistructured key informant interviews were conducted with Hawaii state legislators (n = 15). We found a lack of consensus among legislators, which suggests that substantial legislative action is unlikely in the upcoming session. However, most legislators believe that some type of incremental legislation will pass, such as enactment of a small tax, limitations on advertising to protect adolescents, or regulations concerning where people can use e-cigarettes. Legislators eagerly await further research to clarify the overall benefits and harms of e-cigarettes at both the individual and population levels.

  4. Resting-state functional connectivity changes in aging apoE4 and apoE-KO mice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zerbi, V.; Wiesmann, M.; Emmerzaal, T.L.; Jansen, D.; Beek, M. van; Mutsaers, M.P.C.; Beckmann, C.F.; Heerschap, A.; Kiliaan, A.J.

    2014-01-01

    It is well established that the cholesterol-transporter apolipoprotein epsilon (APOE) genotype is associated with the risk of developing neuro-degenerative diseases. Recently, brain functional connectivity (FC) in apoE-epsilon 4 carriers has been investigated by means of resting-state fMRI, showing

  5. Resting-state functional connectivity changes in aging apoE4 and apoE-KO mice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zerbi, V.; Wiesmann, M.; Emmerzaal, T.L.; Jansen, D.; Beek, M. van; Mutsaers, M.P.; Beckmann, C.F.; Heerschap, A.; Kiliaan, A.J.

    2014-01-01

    It is well established that the cholesterol-transporter apolipoprotein epsilon (APOE) genotype is associated with the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases. Recently, brain functional connectivity (FC) in apoE-epsilon4 carriers has been investigated by means of resting-state fMRI, showing a

  6. Resting-state functional connectivity changes in aging apoE4 and apoE-KO mice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zerbi, V.; Wiesmann, M.; Emmerzaal, T.L.; Jansen, D.; Beek, M. van; Mutsaers, M.P.C.; Beckmann, C.F.; Heerschap, A.; Kiliaan, A.J.

    2014-01-01

    It is well established that the cholesterol-transporter apolipoprotein epsilon (APOE) genotype is associated with the risk of developing neuro-degenerative diseases. Recently, brain functional connectivity (FC) in apoE-epsilon 4 carriers has been investigated by means of resting-state fMRI, showing

  7. Resting-state functional connectivity changes in aging apoE4 and apoE-KO mice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zerbi, V.; Wiesmann, M.; Emmerzaal, T.L.; Jansen, D.; Beek, M. van; Mutsaers, M.P.; Beckmann, C.F.; Heerschap, A.; Kiliaan, A.J.

    2014-01-01

    It is well established that the cholesterol-transporter apolipoprotein epsilon (APOE) genotype is associated with the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases. Recently, brain functional connectivity (FC) in apoE-epsilon4 carriers has been investigated by means of resting-state fMRI, showing a

  8. Measurement of $e^+e^- \\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\psi(2S)$ via Initial State Radiation at Belle

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, X L; Shen, C P; Wang, P; Abdesselam, A; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Said, S Al; Arinstein, K; Asner, D M; Ayad, R; Bakich, A M; Bansal, V; Bhuyan, B; Bobrov, A; Bonvicini, G; Bračko, M; Browder, T E; Červenkov, D; Chang, P; Chekelian, V; Chen, A; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, K; Chobanova, V; Choi, S -K; Choi, Y; Cinabro, D; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Doležal, Z; Drásal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Dutta, K; Eidelman, S; Farhat, H; Fast, J E; Ferber, T; Gaur, V; Garmash, A; Getzkow, D; Gillard, R; Goh, Y M; Haba, J; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; He, X H; Hou, W -S; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, Y; Joffe, D; Julius, T; Kang, K H; Kato, E; Kawasaki, T; Kiesling, C; Kim, D Y; Kim, H J; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, M J; Kim, S H; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Ko, B R; Kodyš, P; Korpar, S; Krokovny, P; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y -J; Lange, J S; Lee, I S; Lewis, P; Li, Y; Gioi, L Li; Libby, J; Liventsev, D; Lukin, P; Matvienko, D; Miyabayashi, K; Miyata, H; Mizuk, R; Moll, A; Mori, T; Mussa, R; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nanut, T; Natkaniec, Z; Nisar, N K; Nishida, S; Ogawa, S; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Park, C W; Park, H; Pedlar, T K; Pestotnik, R; Petrič, M; Piilonen, L E; Ribežl, E; Ritter, M; Rostomyan, A; Ryu, S; Sakai, Y; Sandilya, S; Santelj, L; Sanuki, T; Savinov, V; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schwanda, C; Semmler, D; Senyo, K; Shebalin, V; Shibata, T -A; Shiu, J -G; Sibidanov, A; Simon, F; Sohn, Y -S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Starič, M; Steder, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Tamponi, U; Tanida, K; Tatishvili, G; Teramoto, Y; Trabelsi, K; Uchida, M; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Usov, Y; Van Hulse, C; Vanhoefer, P; Varner, G; Vinokurova, A; Wagner, M N; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yashchenko, S; Yusa, Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zupanc, A

    2014-01-01

    We report measurement of the cross section of $e^+e^-\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\psi(2S)$ between 4.0 and $5.5 {\\rm GeV}$, based on an analysis of initial state radiation events in a $980 \\rm fb^{-1}$ data sample recorded with the Belle detector. The properties of the $Y(4360)$ and $Y(4660)$ states are determined. Fitting the mass spectrum of $\\pi^+\\pi^-\\psi(2S)$ with two coherent Breit-Wigner functions, we find two solutions with identical mass and width but different couplings to electron-positron pairs: $M_{Y(4360)} = (4347\\pm 6\\pm 3) {\\rm MeV}/c^2$, $\\Gamma_{Y(4360)} = (103\\pm 9\\pm 5) {\\rm MeV}$, $M_{Y(4660)} = (4652\\pm10\\pm 8) {\\rm MeV}/c^2$, $\\Gamma_{Y(4660)} = (68\\pm 11\\pm 1) \\rm MeV$; and ${\\cal{B}}[Y(4360)\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\psi(2S)]\\cdot \\Gamma_{Y(4360)}^{e^+e^-} = (10.9\\pm 0.6\\pm 0.7) \\rm eV$ and ${\\cal{B}}[Y(4660)\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\psi(2S)]\\cdot \\Gamma_{Y(4660)}^{e^+e^-} = (8.1\\pm 1.1\\pm 0.5) \\rm eV$ for one solution; or ${\\cal{B}}[Y(4360)\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\psi(2S)]\\cdot \\Gamma_{Y(4360)}^{e^+e^-} = (9.2\\pm 0.6\\pm 0.6) \\rm ...

  9. C-terminal interactions of apolipoprotein E4 respond to the postprandial state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tetali, Sarada D; Budamagunta, Madhu S; Voss, John C; Rutledge, John C

    2006-07-01

    Increased triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRLs) in the postprandial state are associated with atherosclerosis. We investigated whether the postprandial state induced structural changes at the apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4) C terminus, its principal lipid binding domain, using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy of a site-directed spin label attached to the cysteine of apoE4-W264C. Spin coupling between labels located in the C termini was followed after mixing with preprandial and postprandial human plasma samples. Our results indicate that postprandial plasma triggers a reorganization of the protein such that the dipolar broadening is diminished, indicating a reduction in C-terminal interaction. The loss of spectral broadening was directly correlated with an increase in postprandial plasma triglycerides and was reduced with delipidated plasma. The spin-labeled apoE4 displayed a lipid preference of VLDL > LDL > HDL in the preprandial and postprandial states. The apoE4 shift to VLDL during the postprandial state was accompanied by a loss in spectral broadening of the protein. These findings suggest that apoE4 associated with LDL maintains self-association via its C terminus and that this association is diminished in VLDL-associated protein. Lipolyzed TGRL reflected a depletion of the C-terminal interaction of apoE4. Addition of palmitate to VLDL gave a similar response as lipolyzed TGRL, suggesting that lipolysis products play a major role in reorganizing apoE4 during the postprandial state.

  10. Child-Resistant Packaging for E-Liquid: A Review of US State Legislation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frey, Leslie T; Tilburg, William C

    2016-02-01

    A growing number of states have introduced or enacted legislation requiring child-resistant packaging for e-liquid containers; however, these laws involve varying terms, packaging standards, and enforcement provisions, raising concerns about their effectiveness. We evaluated bills against 4 benchmarks: broad product definitions that contemplate future developments in the market, citations to a specific packaging standard, stated penalties for violations, and express grants of authority to a state entity to enforce the packaging requirements. Our findings showed that 3 states meet all 4 benchmarks in their enacted legislation. We encourage states to consider these benchmarks when revising statutes or drafting future legislation.

  11. Request Strategies in Professional E-Mail Correspondence: Insights from the United States Workplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leopold, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Despite growing interest in the rhetorical features of e-mail correspondence, this is the first study to examine the request strategies in e-mails written by native English-speaking professionals from a variety of industries in the United States. This study uses Blum-Kulka, House, and Kasper's (1989) speech act framework to analyze the request…

  12. E-LEARNING SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF EFQUEL: VYATKA STATE UNIVERSITY EXPERIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Syrtsova

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the study of various aspects of development and implementation of e-learning at higher education institutions. This system has been created according to the main approaches and criteria used by the European Foundation for quality assurance of e-learning (EFQUEL. The article presents the main results of the experiment on Vyatka State University's e-learning system development. The article reveals the feasibility of the development of e-learning in the region. The authors consider three main strategies of implementation of e-learning system at Vyatka State University. The authors substantiate the choice of the most effective and promising strategy of them based on the analysis and considering the peculiarities of the university and the region. In the article, the fundamental results of the experiment and description of the stages of the implementation of e-learning system are presented.

  13. Molecular orbital imaging of the acetone S2 excited state using time-resolved (e, 2e) electron momentum spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamazaki, Masakazu; Oishi, Keiya; Nakazawa, Hiroyuki; Zhu, Chaoyuan; Takahashi, Masahiko

    2015-03-13

    We report a time-resolved (e, 2e) experiment on the deuterated acetone molecule in the S2 Rydberg state with a lifetime of 13.5 ps. The acetone S2 state was prepared by a 195 nm pump laser and probed with electron momentum spectroscopy using a 1.2 keV incident electron beam of 1 ps temporal width. In spite of the low data statistics as well as of the limited time resolution (±35  ps) due to velocity mismatch, the experimental results clearly demonstrate that electron momentum spectroscopy measurements of short-lived transient species are feasible, opening the door to time-resolved orbital imaging in momentum space.

  14. eOftalmología: estado actual y tendencias futuras eOphthalmology: current state and future tendencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Andonegui

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available La eSalud se puede definir como el uso de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones para proporcionar o apoyar un diverso grupo de actividades relacionadas con la atención en salud. Si este concepto se traslada a la atención oftalmológica sería lo que denominamos como eOftalmología. En este artículo se describe el estado actual de los modelos de eOftalmología en el cribado de la retinopatía diabética y el diagnóstico y el seguimiento del glaucoma crónico y la degeneración macular asociada a la edad. También se definen los requerimientos tecnológicos necesarios para implantar este tipo de modelos de asistencia, se discuten las ventajas derivadas de los mismos y se hace una previsión del impacto que la eOftalmología puede tener en el futuro de la asistencia sanitaria.eOphthalmology can be defined as the use of information and telecommunications technologies to provide or support a group of activities related to ophthalmic care. The same concept applied to ophthalmic care would be eOphthalmology. This paper describes the current state of eOphthalmology-based models in diabetic retinopathy screening and in the diagnosis and follow-up of chronic glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration. Furthermore, the main advantages of these models and the technological requirements needed for their implementation are described. Finally, a prediction of the impact of eOphthalmology on the future of health care is offered.

  15. Exclusive Production of Ds Ds-, Ds* Ds-, and Ds* Ds*- via e e- Annihilation with Initial-State-Radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2010-10-27

    The authors perform a study of exclusive production of D{sub s}{sup +}D{sub s}{sup -}, D*{sub s}{sup +}D{sub s}{sup -}, and D*{sub s}{sup +}D*{sub s}{sup -} final states in initial-state-radiation events from e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilations at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV, to search for charmonium 1{sup --} states. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 525 fb{sup -1} and was recorded by the BABAR experiment at the PEP-II storage ring. The D{sub s}{sup +} D{sub s}{sup -}, D*{sub s}{sup +}D{sub s}{sup -}, and D*{sub s}{sup +}D*{sub s}{sup -} mass spectra show evidence of the known {psi} resonances. Limits are extracted for the branching ratios of the decays X(4260) {yields} D{sub s}{sup (*)+}D{sub s}{sup (*)-}.

  16. Dinâmicas sociais e estados de humor Social dynamics and mood states

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Rebustini

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar as relações das dinâmicas sociais (família, amigos e escola; i.e., três fatores sociais sobre os estados de humor. A pesquisa foi realizada com uma equipe feminina de voleibol (14/15 anos. Aplicou-se o teste POMS (Profile of Mood States para mensurar os estados de humor. Foi utilizada uma escala de 1 (muito mal a 5 (muito bem para que as atletas avaliassem cada um dos três fatores. Os resultados apontaram correlações significativas entre as escalas e os estados de humor; e diferenças significativas entre os níveis de intensidade apontados na escala dos três fatores e os estados de humor. Os resultados indicam clara interferência das dinâmicas sociais sobre os estados de humor, portanto, as interferências sociais não podem ser descartadas na preparação do atleta.The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of social dynamics (family, friends and school; i.e., three social factors on mood states. The survey was conducted with a women's volleyball team (14/15 years. The POMS test (Profile of Mood States was employed to measure the team's mood states. The athletes assessed the three factors by the use of a Likert scale ranging from 1 (very bad to 5 (very good. Results showed significant correlations between scales and mood states, and significant differences between the intensity levels representing their moods for each of the three factors. The results show clear interference of social dynamics on the mood states. Therefore, social interference cannot be ignored during an athlete's training program.

  17. Characteristics and Effectiveness of the U.S. State E-Government-to-Business Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jensen J.; Truell, Allen; Alexander, Melody W.

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the user-interface characteristics and effectiveness of the e-government-to-business (G2B) sites of the 50 U.S. states and Washington, D.C. A group of 306 online users were trained to assess the sites. The findings indicate that the majority of the state G2B sites included the user-interface characteristics that provided online…

  18. RES-E Support Policies In The Baltic States: Development Aspect (Part I)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobinaite, V.; Priedite, I.

    2015-02-01

    Despite quite similar conditions (natural resources) for electricity production from renewable energy sources (RES-E) in three Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), significant differences exist in these countries as to the RES-E production volume. In Latvia this volume is the highest, while in Estonia and Lithuania it is half as high. One of the factors that determine the RES-E production volumes is support policies, which in the Baltic States are different. The main objective of this work was to analyze and compare these support policies. The results have shown that for rapid RES-E development the most effective policy is to be market-oriented (as in Estonia), whereas for more stable development such policy should be producer-oriented (as in Lithuania).

  19. RES-E Support Policies In The Baltic States: Development Aspect (Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bobinaite V.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Despite quite similar conditions (natural resources for electricity production from renewable energy sources (RES-E in three Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, significant differences exist in these countries as to the RES-E production volume. In Latvia this volume is the highest, while in Estonia and Lithuania it is half as high. One of the factors that determine the RES-E production volumes is support policies, which in the Baltic States are different. The main objective of this work was to analyze and compare these support policies. The results have shown that for rapid RES-E development the most effective policy is to be market-oriented (as in Estonia, whereas for more stable development such policy should be producer-oriented (as in Lithuania.

  20. Fostering eGovernment as State Social Responsibility (SSR: Case Study of an Australian City Council

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinara Rao Karna

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available           Democracies around the world now face Citizen-apathy. This is a concern now more than ever faced by countries around the globe. eGovernment is undoubtedly a platform to deliberate and enable citizens regain confidence and faith in democratic  processes. Citizens now seek Verifiable, Open, Transparent, Empathetic, Responsive and Sensitive Electronic Democracy and Government (VOTERS EDG, Karna, 2012. Similar to corporate world, there are voices stressing on govenments for the need to understand the stakeholders, their involvement, relationships and responsibilities of a state in eGovernance. Citizens everywhere now demand Verifiable, Open, Transparent, Empathetic, Responsive and Sensitive Electronically Democratic Government as a State Social Responsibity (SSR. Peoples movements and outbursts against authorities with the help of Word of Mouse (Karna, 2012 have established that transparent and open governance is the need of the hour. This paper presents findings of the study conducted in an Australian City Council for preparing the city council for ‘City e-readiness’ to initiate e-Government activities. We propose the idea of ‘Centrality of Citizens’ in context of eGovernment. We further build upon the original concept of deeming eGovernment as ‘State Social Responsibility’ (SSR (Karna, 2010, by governments at all levels.  

  1. Measurements of e+e- -> K+K-eta, K+K-pi0 and KsK+pi- Cross Sections Using Initial State Radiation Events

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Grauges, J; Garra Tico, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Schroeder, H Koch T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, S; Abachi, C; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, L; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Wright, D J; Lange D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Davis, D N; Brown, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Palombo, A; Lazzaro, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malclès, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports measurements of processes: e+e- -> gamma KsK+pi-, e+e- -> gamma K+K-pi0, e+e- -> gamma phi eta, and e+e- -> gamma phi pi0. The initial state radiated photon allows to cover the hadronic final state in the energy range from thresholds up to ~4.6 GeV. The overall size of the data sample analyzed is 232 fb-1, collected by the BaBar detector running at the PEP-II e+e- storage ring. From the Dalitz plot analysis of the KsK+pi- final state, moduli and relative phase of the isoscalar and the isovector components of the e+e- -> K K*(892) cross section are determined. Parameters of phi and rho recurrences are also measured, using a global fitting procedure which exploits the interconnection among amplitudes, moduli and phases of the e+e- -> KsK+pi-, K+K-pi0, phi eta final states. The cross section for the OZI-forbidden process e+e- -> phi pi0, and the J/psi branching fractions to KK*(892) and K+K-eta are also measured.

  2. IMS Learning Design: State of the art and research hot topics on eLearning standardization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burgos, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Burgos, D. (2006). IMS Learning Design: State of the art and research hot topics on eLearning standardization. Presentation at the 8th International Simposio of Educational Computer Science. October, 24-27, 2006, León, Spain: IEEE Technical Committee on Learning Technology.

  3. Examining eXtension: Diffusion, Disruption, and Adoption among Iowa State University Extension and Outreach Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Cayla; Miller, Greg

    2016-01-01

    As eXtension unveils its new membership model, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach must determine how best to support professionals and clientele using the technology. This article reports on a study that used the diffusion of innovations and disruptive innovation theories to assess Iowa Extension professionals' adoption and perceptions…

  4. IMS Learning Design: State of the art and research hot topics on eLearning standardization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burgos, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Burgos, D. (2006). IMS Learning Design: State of the art and research hot topics on eLearning standardization. Presentation at the 8th International Simposio of Educational Computer Science. October, 24-27, 2006, León, Spain: IEEE Technical Committee on Learning Technology.

  5. Acute hepatitis E by a new isolate acquired in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwo, P Y; Schlauder, G G; Carpenter, H A; Murphy, P J; Rosenblatt, J E; Dawson, G J; Mast, E E; Krawczynski, K; Balan, V

    1997-12-01

    To report the first case of acute hepatitis E by a novel isolate acquired in the United States and confirmed by nucleotide sequencing. We describe the clinical manifestations and the results of associated laboratory studies in a man who was found to have acute hepatitis E infection. A 62-year-old man was hospitalized because of fever, abdominal pain, and jaundice. After an initial evaluation did not provide a cause, his serum was found to be positive for IgG anti-hepatitis E virus (HEV) by three antibody assays. Serum was also positive for HEV RNA by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Sequencing results from the PCR products demonstrated substantial differences at the nucleotide level between this strain and the known Mexican and Burmese strains. On the basis of this initial report, HEV should be considered an etiologic agent in patients with acute non-ABC hepatitis in the United States.

  6. E-Banking Service Quality and Customer Satisfaction of a State Owned Schedule Bank of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munir MMM

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to find out the relationship between e-banking service quality (i.e. service quality, information quality and system quality and Customer satisfaction among customers of a state owned schedule Bank in Dhaka, Bangladesh. A judgmental sampling technique was employed for this research. This study was quantitative in nature. It will see the relationship of these variables i.e., service quality, information quality and system quality and customer satisfaction of the customer of state owned schedule Bank. 200 questionnaires were sent to different customer of that Bank within Dhaka city and the study will be analyzed by applying multiple regression analysis using SPSS software version 22, because there are 3 independent variables and their affects have to be seen on the customer satisfaction which is the sole dependent variable.

  7. Environmental impacts and benefits of state-of-the-art technologies for E-waste management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikhlayel, Mahdi

    2017-10-01

    This study aims to evaluate the environmental impacts and benefits of state-of-the-art technologies for proper e-waste handling using Jordan as a case study. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was employed to evaluate five advanced management systems represent state-of-the-art treatment technologies, including sanitary landfilling; proper recycling of metals, materials, and precious metals (PMs); and incineration of plastic and the hazardous portion of printed circuit boards (PCBs). Six e-waste products that contribute the most to the e-waste in Jordan were included in the assessment of each scenario, which resulted in 30 total cases of e-waste management. The findings indicated that landfills for the entire components of the e-waste stream are the worst option and should be avoided. The most promising e-waste management scenario features integrated e-waste processes based on the concept of Integrated Waste Management (IWM), including recycling materials such as non-PMs and PMs, incinerating plastic and the hazardous content of PCBs using the energy recovered from incineration, and using sanitary landfills of residues. For this scenario, the best environmental performance was obtained for the treatment of mobile phones. Incineration of the portion of hazardous waste using energy recovery is an option that deserves attention. Because scenario implementation depends on more than just the environmental benefits (e.g., economic cost and technical aspects), the study proposes a systematic approach founded on the IWM concept for e-waste management scenario selection. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Emergence of low noise frustrated states in E/I balanced neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recio, I; Torres, J J

    2016-12-01

    We study emerging phenomena in binary neural networks where, with a probability c synaptic intensities are chosen according with a Hebbian prescription, and with probability (1-c) there is an extra random contribution to synaptic weights. This new term, randomly taken from a Gaussian bimodal distribution, balances the synaptic population in the network so that one has 80%-20% relation in E/I population ratio, mimicking the balance observed in mammals cortex. For some regions of the relevant parameters, our system depicts standard memory (at low temperature) and non-memory attractors (at high temperature). However, as c decreases and the level of the underlying noise also decreases below a certain temperature Tt, a kind of memory-frustrated state, which resembles spin-glass behavior, sharply emerges. Contrary to what occurs in Hopfield-like neural networks, the frustrated state appears here even in the limit of the loading parameter α→0. Moreover, we observed that the frustrated state in fact corresponds to two states of non-vanishing activity uncorrelated with stored memories, associated, respectively, to a high activity or Up state and to a low activity or Down state. Using a linear stability analysis, we found regions in the space of relevant parameters for locally stable steady states and demonstrated that frustrated states coexist with memory attractors below Tt. Then, multistability between memory and frustrated states is present for relatively small c, and metastability of memory attractors can emerge as c decreases even more. We studied our system using standard mean-field techniques and with Monte Carlo simulations, obtaining a perfect agreement between theory and simulations. Our study can be useful to explain the role of synapse heterogeneity on the emergence of stable Up and Down states not associated to memory attractors, and to explore the conditions to induce transitions among them, as in sleep-wake transitions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All

  9. The State of Using SMS-Based e-Government Services: Case Study in Jordan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Al-ma'aitah

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Recently the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has wide spread of information technology and communications. In addition, it has improved the infrastructure of mobile phone networks. This encourage government to take advantage of this development and trying to provide SMS-Based e-Government Services through their e-government program. This paper tries to evaluate the state of using SMS-Based e-Government Service in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and study the factors that affect on citizen adoption of this service. This study investigated a sample formed of (600 individuals distributed on three categorize were university students and Employees, public sector employees, private sector employees. The study presented statistical information explained the state of using SMS-based e-government service by Jordanian citizens. In addition the study showed that individual’s beliefs have positive effect on use SMSbased e-government services. Furthermore it orders these factors ascending depending on importance, from Jordanian citizens' perspective. The top three factors were Perceived ease of use, perceived efficiency in time and distance, perceived value for money.

  10. Performance of Kier-Hall E-state Descriptors in Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR Studies of Multifunctional Molecules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darko Butina

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Performance of the E-state descriptors was tested against simple counts of the 35 atom types that the Kier-Hall E-states are based upon, by building PLS models for clogP, aqueous solubility, human intestinal absorption (HIA and blood brain barrier (BBB. The results indicate that the simple counts work at least as well as E-state descriptors in building models for solubility and BBB, while surprisingly, simple counts have outperformed E-states by 18% and 30%, respectively, when building the models for HIA and clogP.

  11. Desenvolvimento desigual e combinado no ensino superior: Estado e mercado Unequal and combined development in higher education: State and market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Antônio Cunha

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende analisar o processo de desenvolvimento do ensino superior no Brasil, particularmente seus mecanismos de reprodução ampliada. A tese defendida é a de que o desenvolvimento do ensino superior se dá por um processo desigual e combinado dos diferentes setores, especialmente do setor público e do setor privado. O efeito mais dramático desse processo é a improvisação dos professores do setor privado, que produz efeitos negativos para a qualidade do ensino, nos níveis de graduação e pós-graduação. O artigo prevê três tendências de desenvolvimento do ensino superior: a regulação pelo mercado, a estatização e uma combinação de ambas. Em conclusão, os possíveis efeitos de cada uma dessas tendências são examinados, destacando-se, como a mais viável, a terceira tendência, isto é, a que combina Estado e mercado. Em decorrência, o artigo defende a elaboração de uma lei orgânica do ensino superior, que, sem confrontar a autonomia universitária, estabeleça marcos para a avaliação, o financiamento, a carreira docente, a escolha de dirigentes, entre outros.The present paper aims at analyzing the development process of higher education in Brazil, especially in what concerns its enlarged reproduction mechanisms. It defends the thesis that higher education development takes place by means of an unequal and combined process of different sectors, especially the private and public sectors. The most dramatic outcome of such a process is the improvisation of the private-sector professors, which leads to poor-quality education both at the undergraduate and graduate levels. The text forecasts three higher education development trends: market regulation, nationalization, and a combination of both. The potential effects of each trend are analyzed and the third one, which combines State and market, is pointed out as the most viable. The article finally defends the creation of an organic law for higher education that

  12. Cosmographic analysis of the equation of state of the universe through Pad\\'e approximations

    CERN Document Server

    Gruber, Christine

    2013-01-01

    Cosmography is used in cosmological data processing in order to constrain the kinematics of the universe in a model-independent way, providing an objective means to evaluate the agreement of a model with observations. In this paper, we extend the conventional methodology of cosmography employing Taylor expansions of observables by an alternative approach using Pad\\'e approximations. Due to the superior convergence properties of Pad\\'e expansions, it is possible to improve the fitting analysis to obtain numerical values for the parameters of the cosmographic series. From the results, we can derive the equation of state parameter of the universe and its first derivative and thus acquire information about the thermodynamic state of the universe. We carry out statistical analyses using observations of the distance modulus of type 1a supernovae, provided by the union 2.1 compilation of the supernova cosmology project, employing a Markov chain Monte Carlo approach with an implemented Metropolis algorithm. We compar...

  13. United States Air Force F-35A Operational Basing Environmental Impact Statement. Appendix E: Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Limothy.pcn·sons@dos.myjlorida.com, or at 850.245.6333 or 800.847.7278. I" notl A. Parsons , Ph.D., RPA Comp iance Review Supervisor and Deputy State Historic...4«~ B ECAUSE ALL GREAT MINDS D ’ 183 Talcott R . ON T THINK A LIKE . . oad, SUite I 0 I, Wil liston VT 054 E-1033 I Oak Ridge. Building I

  14. Observation of $e^+e^-$ Annihilations into the $\\boldmath{C=+1}$ Hadronic Final States $\\rho^0\\rho^0$ and $\\phi\\rho^0$

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Bóna, M; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Sherwood, D J; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Y; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côte, D; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Potter, C T; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Galeazzi, F; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; John, M J J; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Martínez-Vidal, F; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Mellado, B; Mihályi, A; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2006-01-01

    We report the first observation of $e^+e^-$ annihilations into states of positive $C$-parity, namely $\\rho^0 \\rho^0$ and $\\phi\\rho^0$. The two states are observed in the $\\pip\\pim\\pip\\pim$ and $K^+K^-\\pip\\pim$ final states, respectively, in a data sample of 225~$fb^{-1}$ collected by the $BaBar$~experiment at the $PEP-II$ $e^+e^-$ storage rings at energies near $\\sqrt{s} ~=$ 10.58~$GeV$. The distributions of $\\cos\\theta^*$, where $\\theta^*$ is the center-of-mass polar angle of the $\\phi$ meson or the forward $\\rho^0$ meson, suggest production by two-virtual-photon annihilation. We measure cross sections within the range $|\\cos\\theta^*| ~<~ 0.8$ of $\\sigma(\\e^+e^- \\to \\rho^0 \\rho^0) ~=~

  15. Measurements of e+e- to KKeta, KKpi0 and KsKpi CrossSections Using Initial State Radiation Events

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.

    2007-11-12

    This paper reports measurements of processes: e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {gamma}K{sup 0}{sub s}K{sup {+-}}{pi}{sup {+-}}, e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {gamma}K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}, e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {gamma}{phi}{eta} and e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {gamma}{phi}{pi}{sup 0}. The initial state radiated photon allows to cover the hadronic final state in the energy range from thresholds up to {approx} 4.6 GeV. The overall size of the data sample analyzed is 232 fb{sup -1}, collected by the BABAR detector running at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring. From the Dalitz plot analysis of the K{sup 0}{sub s}K{sup {+-}}{pi}{sup {+-}} final state, moduli and relative phase of the isoscalar and the isovector components of the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} KK*(892) cross section are determined. Parameters of {phi} and {rho} recurrences are also measured, using a global fitting procedure which exploits the interconnection among amplitudes, moduli and phases of the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields}K{sup 0}{sub s}K{sup {+-}}{pi}{sup {+-}}, K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}, {phi}{eta} final states. The cross section for the OZI-forbidden process e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {phi}{pi}{sup 0} and the J/{psi} branching fractions to KK*(892) and K{sup +}K{sup -}{eta} are also measured.

  16. O Estado Imperial e os Pequenos Impérios The Imperial State and the minor Empires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Faversani

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa o conceito de Estado e as relações entre sociedade e Estado na obra de Sêneca.This article aims at analyzing the concept of State and the relationships between society and State in Seneca's work.

  17. State-of-the-art of recycling e-wastes by vacuum metallurgy separation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Lu; Xu, Zhenming

    2014-12-16

    In recent era, more and more electric and electronic equipment wastes (e-wastes) are generated that contain both toxic and valuable materials in them. Most studies focus on the extraction of valuable metals like Au, Ag from e-wastes. However, the recycling of metals such as Pb, Cd, Zn, and organics has not attracted enough attentions. Vacuum metallurgy separation (VMS) processes can reduce pollution significantly using vacuum technique. It can effectively recycle heavy metals and organics from e-wastes in an environmentally friendly way, which is beneficial for both preventing the heavy metal contaminations and the sustainable development of resources. VMS can be classified into several methods, such as vacuum evaporation, vacuum carbon reduction and vacuum pyrolysis. This paper respectively reviews the state-of-art of these methods applied to recycling heavy metals and organics from several kinds of e-wastes. The method principle, equipment used, separating process, optimized operating parameters and recycling mechanism of each case are illustrated in details. The perspectives on the further development of e-wastes recycling by VMS are also presented.

  18. Multiple charge density wave states at the surface of TbT e3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Ling; Kraft, Aaron M.; Sharma, Bishnu; Singh, Manoj; Walmsley, Philip; Fisher, Ian R.; Boyer, Michael C.

    2016-11-01

    We studied TbT e3 using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) in the temperature range of 298-355 K. Our measurements detect a unidirectional charge density wave (CDW) state in the surface Te layer with a wave vector consistent with that of the bulk qCDW=0.30 ±0.01 c* . However, unlike previous STM measurements, and differing from measurements probing the bulk, we detect two perpendicular orientations for the unidirectional CDW with no directional preference for the in-plane crystal axes (a or c axis) and no noticeable difference in wave vector magnitude. In addition, we find regions in which the bidirectional CDW states coexist. We propose that observation of two unidirectional CDW states indicates a decoupling of the surface Te layer from the rare-earth block layer below, and that strain variations in the Te surface layer drive the local CDW direction to the specific unidirectional or, in rare occurrences, bidirectional CDW orders observed. This indicates that similar driving mechanisms for CDW formation in the bulk, where anisotropic lattice strain energy is important, are at play at the surface. Furthermore, the wave vectors for the bidirectional order we observe differ from those theoretically predicted for checkerboard order competing with stripe order in a Fermi-surface nesting scenario, suggesting that factors beyond Fermi-surface nesting drive CDW order in TbT e3 . Finally, our temperature-dependent measurements provide evidence for localized CDW formation above the bulk transition temperature TCDW.

  19. Delitto d’onore, ordine tribale e Stato - Honour crimes, tribal order and the State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariane Baghaï

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Globalization does not only mean that the Western world is pervading the non-Western world but also that the non-Western world, through migration processes, moves and settles in the Western world. The impressive number of honor crimes committed every year in the Western world suggests that a different social political order is acting on the Western stage. Honor crimes are committed in Muslim communities that have their roots in those parts of the Muslim world which have tribal societies on their territories, i.e. tribal institutions and laws which interact with or ignore State law. This is a political order which is stateless and based on blood ties – the author calls it an “ematocracy” – and it is perfectly able to survive within the different shapes taken by the State – when there is the State – but also without the State when it is considered as unreliable or when, for some reasons, it collapses. The author argues that political order based on blood ties is considered as reliable by the social actors since it is permanent and in expansion: blood ties reproduce themselves as long as there is life. And women – as protagonists of reproduction processes – are unfortunately at the heart of the conflict between State laws and customary law both in their home countries and in their new homes. Through an analysis of the intertwinement between State law and customary law, in some of the home countries of the migrants, and between shariya and customary law in the classical doctrine, the author shows how this process of ordering the world carries on its political projects in the post-global context.

  20. Res-E Support Policies in the Baltic States: Electricity Price Aspect (Part II)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobinaite, V.; Priedite, I.

    2015-04-01

    Increasing volumes of electricity derived from renewable energy sources (RES-E) affect the electricity market prices and the prices for final electricity consumers in the Baltic States. The results of a multivariate regression analysis show that in 2013 the RES-E contributed to decreasing the electricity market prices in the Baltic States. However, the final electricity consumers pay for the promotion of RES-E through the approved RES-E component which has a tendency to increase. It is estimated that in 2013 the net benefits from the wind electricity promotion were achieved in Lithuania and Latvia while the net cost - in Estonia. This suggests that the economic efficiency of the wind electricity support scheme based on the application of feed-in tariffs was higher than that based on the feed-in premium. Rakstā analizēta elektroenerģijas ražošanas no atjaunojamiem energoresursiem (AER-E) palielināšanas ietekme uz elektroenerģijas tirgus cenu un gala cenu elektroenerģijas lietotājiem Baltijas valstīs. Daudzfaktoru regresijas analīzes rezultāti atklāja, ka AER-E 2013. gadā varētu samazināt elektroenerģijas tirgus cenas Baltijas valstīs. Tomēr jāņem vērā, ka elektroenerģijas lietotāja gala cenā ir iekļauta AER-E atbalsta komponente, kurai ir raksturīgi palielināties. Aprēķināts, ka no vēja elektroenerģijas ražošanas Latvijā un Lietuvā tika iegūta tīrā peļņa, bet Igaunijā tikai nosedza pašizmaksu. Tas liecina, ka vēja elektroenerģijas atbalsta shēmai, kas balstīta uz obligātā iepirkuma atbalsta principu, ir augstāka ekonomiskā efektivitāte, nekā atbalsta shēmai, kas balstīta uz piemaksu par no AER saražoto elektroenerģiju obligātā iepirkuma ietvaros.

  1. Search for new charmonium states in the processes e+ e- --> J/psi D(*) D(*) at sqrt{s} ~ 10.6 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Abe, K; Arinstein, K; Aso, T; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Aziz, T; Bahinipati, S; Bakich, A M; Balagura, V; Ban, Y; Banerjee, S; Barberio, E; Bay, A; Bedny, I; Belous, K S; Bhardwaj, V; Bitenc, U; Blyth, S; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; Bracko, M; Brodzicka, J; Browder, T E; Chang, M C; Chang, P; Chao, Y; Chen, A; Chen, K F; Chen, W T; Cheon, B G; Chiang, C C; Chistov, R; Cho, I S; Choi, S K; Choi, Y; Choi, Y K; Cole, S; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Das, A; Dash, M; Dragic, J; Drutskoy, A; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Fratina, S; Fujii, H; Fujikawa, M; Gabyshev, N; Garmash, A; Go, A; Gokhroo, G; Goldenzweig, P; Golob, B; Grosse-Perdekamp, M; Guler, H; Ha, H; Haba, J; Hara, K; Hara, T; Hasegawa, Y; Hastings, N C; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Hazumi, M; Heffernan, D; Higuchi, T; Hinz, L; Hoedlmoser, H; Hokuue, T; Horii, Y; Hoshi, Y; Hoshina, K; Hou, S; Hou, W S; Hsiung, Y B; Hyun, H J; Igarashi, Y; Iijima, T; Ikado, K; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Ishino, H; Itoh, R; Iwabuchi, M; Iwasaki, M; Iwasaki, Y; Jacoby, C; Joshi, N J; Kaga, M; Kah, D H; Kaji, H; Kajiwara, S; Kakuno, H; Kang, J H; Kapusta, P; Kataoka, S U; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kawasaki, T; Kibayashi, A; Kichimi, H; Kim, H J; Kim, H O; Kim, J H; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Korpar, S; Kozakai, Y; Krizan, P; Krokovny, P; Kumar, R; Kurihara, E; Kusaka, A; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y J; Lange, J S; Leder, G; Lee, J; Lee, J S; Lee, M J; Lee, S E; Lesiak, T; Li, J; Limosani, A; Lin, S W; Liu, Y; Liventsev, D; MacNaughton, J; Majumder, G; Mandl, F; Marlow, D; Matsumura, T; Matyja, A; McOnie, S; Medvedeva, T; Mikami, Y; Mitaroff, W A; Miyabayashi, K; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mizuk, R; Moloney, G R; Mori, T; Müller, J; Murakami, A; Nagamine, T; Nagasaka, Y; Nakahama, Y; Nakamura, I; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nakayama, H; Nakazawa, H; Natkaniec, Z; Neichi, K; Nishida, S; Nishimura, K; Nishio, Y; Nishizawa, I; Nitoh, O; Noguchi, S; Nozaki, T; Ogawa, A; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Ono, S; Ostrowicz, W; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Palka, H; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, K S; Parslow, N; Peak, L S; Pernicka, M; Pestotnik, R; Peters, M; Piilonen, L E; Poluektov, A; Rorie, J; Rózanska, M; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Sakaue, H; Sasao, N; Sarangi, T R; Satoyama, N; Sayeed, K; Schietinger, T; Schneider, O; Schonmeier, P; Schümann, J; Schwanda, C; Schwartz, A J; Seidl, R; Sekiya, A; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shang, L; Shapkin, M; Shen, C P; Shibuya, H; Shinomiya, S; Shiu, J G; Shwartz, B; Singh, J B; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Somov, A; Stanic, S; Staric, M; Stypula, J; Sugiyama, A; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Suzuki, S; Suzuki, S Y; Tajima, O; Takasaki, F; Tamai, K; Tamura, N; Tanaka, M; Taniguchi, N; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Tikhomirov, I; Trabelsi, K; Tse, Y F; Tsuboyama, T; Uchida, K; Uchida, Y; Uehara, S; Ueno, K; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Ushiroda, Y; Usov, Yu; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Villa, S; Vinokurova, A; Wang, C C; Wang, C H; Wang, J; Wang, M Z; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Wedd, R; Wicht, J; Widhalm, L; Wiechczynski, J; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamaguchi, A; Yamamoto, H; Yamaoka, M; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yuan, C Z; Yusa, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, L M; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A; Zwahlen, N

    2007-01-01

    We present a study of the X(3940) state in the process e+e- -> J/psi D* Dbar. The X(3940) mass and width are measured to be (3942 +7 -6 +- 6)MeV/c^2 and Gamma=(37 + 26 - 15 +- 8 MeV. In the process e+e- -> J/psi D* D*bar we have observed another charmonium-like state, which we denote as X(4160), in the spectrum of invariant masses of D*+ D*- combinations. The X(4160) parameters are M= 4156 + 25 - 20 +- 15 MeV/c^2 and Gamma = 139 + 111 -61 +- 21 MeV. The analysis is based on a data sample with an integrated luminosity of 693 /fb recorded near the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB e+ e- asymmetric-energy collider.

  2. Regulation profiles of e-cigarettes in the United States: a critical review with qualitative synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tremblay, Marie-Claude; Pluye, Pierre; Gore, Genevieve; Granikov, Vera; Filion, Kristian B; Eisenberg, Mark J

    2015-06-03

    Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have been steadily increasing in popularity since their introduction to US markets in 2007. Debates surrounding the proper regulatory mechanisms needed to mitigate potential harms associated with their use have focused on youth access, their potential for nicotine addiction, and the renormalization of a smoking culture. The objective of this study was to describe the enacted and planned regulations addressing this novel public health concern in the US. We searched LexisNexis Academic under Federal Regulations and Registers, as well as State Administrative Codes and Registers. This same database was also used to find information about planned regulations in secondary sources. The search was restricted to US documents produced between January 1(st), 2004, and July 14(th), 2014. We found two planned regulations at the federal level, and 74 enacted and planned regulations in 44 states. We identified six state-based regulation types, including i) access, ii) usage, iii) marketing and advertisement, iv) packaging, v) taxation, and vi) licensure. These were further classified into 10 restriction subtypes: sales, sale to minors, use in indoor public places, use in limited venues, use by minors, licensure, marketing and advertising, packaging, and taxation. Most enacted restrictions aimed primarily to limit youth access, while few regulations enforced comprehensive restrictions on product use and availability. Current regulations targeting e-cigarettes in the US are varied in nature and scope. There is greater consensus surrounding youth protection (access by minors and/or use by minors, and/or use in limited venues), with little consensus on multi-level regulations, including comprehensive use bans in public spaces.

  3. Corresponding-states behavior of SPC/E-based modified (bent and hybrid) water models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Volker C.

    2017-02-01

    The remarkable and sometimes anomalous properties of water can be traced back at the molecular level to the tetrahedral coordination of molecules due to the ability of a water molecule to form four hydrogen bonds to its neighbors; this feature allows for the formation of a network that greatly influences the thermodynamic behavior. Computer simulations are becoming increasingly important for our understanding of water. Molecular models of water, such as SPC/E, are needed for this purpose, and they have proved to capture many important features of real water. Modifications of the SPC/E model have been proposed, some changing the H-O-H angle (bent models) and others increasing the importance of dispersion interactions (hybrid models), to study the structural features that set water apart from other polar fluids and from simple fluids such as argon. Here, we focus on the properties at liquid-vapor equilibrium and study the coexistence curve, the interfacial tension, and the vapor pressure in a corresponding-states approach. In particular, we calculate Guggenheim's ratio for the reduced apparent enthalpy of vaporization and Guldberg's ratio for the reduced normal boiling point. This analysis offers additional insight from a more macroscopic, thermodynamic perspective and augments that which has already been learned at the molecular level from simulations. In the hybrid models, the relative importance of dispersion interactions is increased, which turns the modified water into a Lennard-Jones-like fluid. Consequently, in a corresponding-states framework, the typical behavior of simple fluids, such as argon, is seen to be approached asymptotically. For the bent models, decreasing the bond angle turns the model essentially into a polar diatomic fluid in which the particles form linear molecular arrangements; as a consequence, characteristic features of the corresponding-states behavior of hydrogen halides emerge.

  4. Realistic calculations of correlations and final state interaction effects in the A(e,e'p)X process off complex nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Alvioli, M; Morita, H

    2003-01-01

    A linked cluster expansion for the calculation of ground state observables of complex nuclei with realistic interactions has been used to calculate the ground state energy, density and momentum distribution of 16O and 40Ca. Using the same cluster expansion and the wave function and correlation parameters obtained from the energy calculation, we have evaluated the semi inclusive reaction A(e,e'p)X taking final state interaction (FSI) into account by a Glauber type approach; the comparison between the distorted and undistorted momentum distributions provides an estimate of the transparency of the nuclear medium to the propagation of the hit proton. The effect of color transparency is also included by considering the Finite Formation Time (FFT) that the hit hadron needs to reach its asymptotic physical state.

  5. 77 FR 42462 - Hawaii State Plan for Occupational Safety and Health; Proposed Modification of 18(e) Plan Approval

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-19

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration 29 CFR Part 1952 RIN 1218-AC78 Hawaii State Plan for Occupational Safety and Health; Proposed Modification of 18(e) Plan Approval AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health...; request for written comments. SUMMARY: Hawaii administers an occupational safety and health state...

  6. 20 CFR 30.626 - How will OWCP coordinate compensation payable under Part E of EEOICPA with benefits from state...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How will OWCP coordinate compensation payable under Part E of EEOICPA with benefits from state workers' compensation programs? 30.626 Section 30.626... Benefits with State Workers' Compensation Benefits § 30.626 How will OWCP coordinate compensation...

  7. A Study of $e^+e^-\\to p\\bar{p}$ Using Initial StateRadiation with BaBar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B.

    2005-12-13

    The e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} p{bar p} cross-section is determined over a range of p{bar p} masses, from threshold to 4.5 GeV/c{sup 2}, by studying the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} p{bar p}{gamma} process. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 232 fb{sup -1}, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage ring, at an e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy of 10.6 GeV. The mass dependence of the ratio of electric and magnetic form factors, |G{sub E}/G{sub M}|, is measured for p{bar p} masses below 3 GeV/c{sup 2}; its value is found to be significantly larger than 1 for masses up to 2.2 GeV/c{sup 2}. We also measure J/{psi} {yields} p{bar p} and {psi}(2S) {yields} p{bar p} branching fractions and set an upper limit on Y(4260) {yields} p{bar p} production and decay.

  8. Precise Measurement of the e+e-→π+π-(γ) Cross Section with the Initial State Radiation Method at BABAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I. L.; Tackmann, K.; Tanabe, T.; Hawkes, C. M.; Soni, N.; Watson, A. T.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Asgeirsson, D. J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Barrett, M.; Khan, A.; Randle-Conde, A.; Blinov, V. E.; Bukin, A. D.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Bondioli, M.; Curry, S.; Eschrich, I.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Lund, P.; Mandelkern, M.; Martin, E. C.; Stoker, D. P.; Atmacan, H.; Gary, J. W.; Liu, F.; Long, O.; Vitug, G. M.; Yasin, Z.; Sharma, V.; Campagnari, C.; Hong, T. M.; Kovalskyi, D.; Mazur, M. A.; Richman, J. D.; Beck, T. W.; Eisner, A. M.; Heusch, C. A.; Kroseberg, J.; Lockman, W. S.; Martinez, A. J.; Schalk, T.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Wang, L.; Winstrom, L. O.; Cheng, C. H.; Doll, D. A.; Echenard, B.; Fang, F.; Hitlin, D. G.; Narsky, I.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Piatenko, T.; Porter, F. C.; Andreassen, R.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B. T.; Mishra, K.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Bloom, P. C.; Ford, W. T.; Gaz, A.; Hirschauer, J. F.; Nagel, M.; Nauenberg, U.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Ayad, R.; Toki, W. H.; Feltresi, E.; Hauke, A.; Jasper, H.; Karbach, T. M.; Merkel, J.; Petzold, A.; Spaan, B.; Wacker, K.; Kobel, M. J.; Nogowski, R.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Bernard, D.; Latour, E.; Verderi, M.; Clark, P. J.; Playfer, S.; Watson, J. E.; Andreotti, M.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cecchi, A.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Franchini, P.; Luppi, E.; Munerato, M.; Negrini, M.; Petrella, A.; Piemontese, L.; Santoro, V.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Pacetti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Rama, M.; Zallo, A.; Contri, R.; Guido, E.; Lo Vetere, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Tosi, S.; Morii, M.; Adametz, A.; Marks, J.; Schenk, S.; Uwer, U.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Lacker, H. M.; Lueck, T.; Volk, A.; Dauncey, P. D.; Tibbetts, M.; Behera, P. K.; Charles, M. J.; Mallik, U.; Cochran, J.; Crawley, H. B.; Dong, L.; Eyges, V.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Rubin, A. E.; Gao, Y. Y.; Gritsan, A. V.; Guo, Z. J.; Arnaud, N.; D'Orazio, A.; Davier, M.; Derkach, D.; Firmino da Costa, J.; Grosdidier, G.; Le Diberder, F.; Lepeltier, V.; Lutz, A. M.; Malaescu, B.; Roudeau, P.; Schune, M. H.; Serrano, J.; Sordini, V.; Stocchi, A.; Wang, L. L.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Bingham, I.; Burke, J. P.; Chavez, C. A.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Clarke, C. K.; di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Sigamani, M.; Cowan, G.; Paramesvaran, S.; Wren, A. C.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Hafner, A.; Alwyn, K. E.; Bailey, D.; Barlow, R. J.; Jackson, G.; Lafferty, G. D.; West, T. J.; Yi, J. I.; Anderson, J.; Chen, C.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Simi, G.; Tuggle, J. M.; Dallapiccola, C.; Salvati, E.; Cowan, R.; Dujmic, D.; Fisher, P. H.; Henderson, S. W.; Sciolla, G.; Spitznagel, M.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Zhao, M.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Schram, M.; Biassoni, P.; Lazzaro, A.; Lombardo, V.; Palombo, F.; Stracka, S.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Kroeger, R.; Sonnek, P.; Summers, D. J.; Zhao, H. W.; Nguyen, X.; Simard, M.; Taras, P.; Nicholson, H.; de Nardo, G.; Lista, L.; Monorchio, D.; Onorato, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Snoek, H. L.; Jessop, C. P.; Knoepfel, K. J.; Losecco, J. M.; Wang, W. F.; Corwin, L. A.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Morris, J. P.; Rahimi, A. M.; Sekula, S. J.; Blount, N. L.; Brau, J.; Frey, R.; Igonkina, O.; Kolb, J. A.; Lu, M.; Rahmat, R.; Sinev, N. B.; Strom, D.; Strube, J.; Torrence, E.; Castelli, G.; Gagliardi, N.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Voci, C.; Del Amo Sanchez, P.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Briand, H.; Chauveau, J.; Hamon, O.; Leruste, Ph.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Perez, A.; Prendki, J.; Sitt, S.; Gladney, L.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Calderini, G.; Carpinelli, M.; Cervelli, A.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Morganti, M.; Neri, N.; Paoloni, E.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Lopes Pegna, D.; Lu, C.; Olsen, J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Telnov, A. V.; Anulli, F.; Baracchini, E.; Cavoto, G.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Gaspero, M.; Jackson, P. D.; Li Gioi, L.; Mazzoni, M. A.; Morganti, S.; Piredda, G.; Renga, F.; Voena, C.; Ebert, M.; Hartmann, T.; Schröder, H.

    2009-12-01

    A precise measurement of the cross section of the process e+e-→π+π-(γ) from threshold to an energy of 3 GeV is obtained with the initial state radiation (ISR) method using 232fb-1 of data collected with the BABAR detector at e+e- center-of-mass energies near 10.6 GeV. The ISR luminosity is determined from a study of the leptonic process e+e-→μ+μ-γ(γ). The leading-order hadronic contribution to the muon magnetic anomaly calculated using the ππ cross section measured from threshold to 1.8 GeV is (514.1±2.2(stat)±3.1(syst))×10-10.

  9. Precise measurement of the e+e- --> pi+pi-(gamma) cross section with the initial state radiation method at BABAR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Hooberman, B; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Ongmongkolkul, P; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Volk, A; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Firmino da Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, L L; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Biassoni, P; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Nguyen, X; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Sekula, S J; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bard, D J; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Franco Sevilla, M; Fulsom, B G; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Muller, D R; Neal, H; Nelson, S; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Va'vra, J; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; West, C A; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Wulsin, H W; Yarritu, A K; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Bellis, M; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Miyashita, T S; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Zain, S B; Soffer, A; Spanier, S M; Wogsland, B J; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Wray, B C; Drummond, B W; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Bianchi, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martinez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Choi, H H F; Hamano, K; King, G J; Kowalewski, R; Lewczuk, M J; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Gershon, T J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Puccio, E M T; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Vuosalo, C O; Wu, S L

    2009-12-04

    A precise measurement of the cross section of the process e(+)e(-) --> pi(+)pi(-)(gamma) from threshold to an energy of 3 GeV is obtained with the initial state radiation (ISR) method using 232 fb(-1) of data collected with the BABAR detector at e(+)e(-) center-of-mass energies near 10.6 GeV. The ISR luminosity is determined from a study of the leptonic process e(+)e(-) --> mu(+)mu(-)gamma(gamma). The leading-order hadronic contribution to the muon magnetic anomaly calculated using the pipi cross section measured from threshold to 1.8 GeV is (514.1 +/- 2.2(stat) +/- 3.1(syst)) x 10(-10).

  10. E-Government Attempts in Small Island Developing States: The Rate of Corruption with Virtualization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Arif

    2016-12-19

    In recent years, many Small Island Developing State (SIDS) governments have worked to increase openness and transparency of their transactions as a means to enhance efficiency and reduce corruption in their economies. In order to achieve a cost-effective and efficient strategy to implement a transparent government, Information Communication Technologies offer an opportunity of virtualization by deploying e-government services to promote transparency, accountability and consistency in the public sector and to minimize corruption. This paper explores the potential impact of government virtualization by SIDS and against corruption by comparing the corruption perception index (CPI) rates of 15 SIDS countries. The CPI relates to the degree by which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians by business people and country analysts. In order to reveal the long-term impact of virtual deployment and its consequences on corruption, an in-depth case analysis based on the CPI index rates was conducted on the deployment of the e-government system in Cyprus.

  11. A Structure at 2175 MeV in $e^+ e^- \\to \\phi f_0(980)$ Observed via Initial-State Radiation

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Abrams, G S; Adye, T; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Albert, J; Aleksan, R; Allen, M T; Allison, J; Allmendinger, T; Altenburg, D D; Amo Sanchez; Andreotti, M; Angelini, C; Anulli, F; Arnaud, N; Asgeirsson, D J; Aston, D; Azzolini, V; Baak, M A; Back, J J; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Band, H R; Banerjee, Sw; Bard, D J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Barrett, M; Bartoldus, R; Batignani, G; Battaglia, M; Bauer, J M; Bechtle, P; Beck, T W; Behera, P K; Bellini, F; Benayoun, M; Benelli, G; Berger, N; Bernard, D; Berryhill, J W; Bettarini, S; Bettoni, D; Bevan, A J; Bhimji, W; Bhuyan, B; Bianchi, F; Biasini, M; Biesiada, J; Blanc, F; Blaylock, G; Blinov, V E; Bloom, P C; Blount, N L; Bomben, M; Bondioli, M; Bonneaud, G R; Bosisio, L; Boutigny, D; Bowerman, D A; Boyd, J T; Bozzi, C; Brandenburg, G; Brandt, T; Brau, J E; Briand, H; Brown, C M; Brown, D N; Bruinsma, M; Brunet, S; Bucci, F; Buchanan, C; Bugg, W; Bukin, A D; Bula, R; Buono; Burchat, P R; Burke, J P; Button-Shafer, J; Buzzo, A; Bóna, M; 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Schwiening, J; Schwierz, R; Schwitters, R F; Sciacca, C; Sciolla, G; Seiden, A; Sekula, S J; Serednyakov, S I; Sharma, V; Shen, B C; Sherwood, D J; Simard, M; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Sinev, N B; Skovpen, Yu I; Smith, A J S; Smith, J G; Snoek, H L; Snyder, A; Sobie, R J; Soffer, A; Sokoloff, M D; Solodov, E P; Spaan, B; Spanier, S M; Spitznagel, M; Spradlin, P; Steinke, M; Stelzer, J; Stocchi, A; Stoker, D P; Stroili, R; Strom, D; Strube, J; Stugu, B; Stängle, H; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Summers, D J; Sundermann, J E; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Taras, P; Taylor, F; Telnov, A V; Teodorescu, L; Ter-Antonian, R; Therin, G; Thiebaux, C; Thompson, J M; Tisserand, V; Todyshev, K Yu; Toki, W H; Torrence, E; Tosi, S; Touramanis, C; Ulmer, K A; Uwer, U; Van Bakel, N; Vasseur, G; Vavra, J; Verderi, M; Lo Vetere, M; Viaud, F B; Vitale, L; Voci, C; Voena, C; Volk, A; Wagner, S R; Wagoner, D E; Waldi, R; Walker, D; Walsh, J J; Wang, K; Wang, P; Wang, W F; Wappler, F R; Watson, A T; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wenzel, W A; Wilden, L; Williams, D C; Williams, J C; Wilson, F F; Wilson, J R; Wilson, M G; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wong, Q K; Wormser, G; Wren, A C; Wright, D H; Wright, D M; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Xie, Y; Yamamoto, R K; Yarritu, A K; Ye, S; Yi, J I; Yi, K; Young, C C; Yu, Z; Yéche, C; Zain, S B; Zallo, A; Zeng, Q; Zghiche, A; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, H W; Zhu, Y S; Ziegler, V; Zito, M; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; al, et

    2006-01-01

    We study the initial-state-radiation processes $e^+ e^- \\to K^+ K^-\\pi^+\\pi^-\\gamma$ and $e^+ e^- \\to K^+ K^-\\pi^0\\pi^0\\gamma$ using an integrated luminosity of 232 fb$^{-1}$ collected at the $\\Upsilon(4S)$ mass with the BaBar detector at SLAC. Even though these reactions are dominated by intermediate states with excited kaons, we are able to study for the first time the cross section for $e^+ e^- \\to \\phi(1020) f_{0}(980)$ as a function of center-of-mass energy. We observe a structure near threshold consistent with a $1^{--}$ resonance with mass $m = 2.175 \\pm 0.010\\pm 0.015 GeV/c^2$ and width $\\Gamma = 58\\pm 16\\pm 20 MeV$. We observe no Y(4260) signal and set a limit of $BR_{Y\\to\\phi\\pi^+\\pi^-}\\cdot\\Gamma^{Y}_{ee}<0.4$ eV (90% confidence level), which excludes some models.

  12. Final-state interaction and recoil polarization in (e,e'p) reactions: comparison with the polarized target case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaro, J.E. [Departamento de Fisica Moderna, Universidad de Granada, Granada 18071 (Spain)]. E-mail: amaro@ugr.es; Caballero, J.A. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, Apdo. 1065, Sevilla 41080 (Spain); Donnelly, T.W. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Kazemi Tabatabaei, F. [Departamento de Fisica Moderna, Universidad de Granada, Granada 18071 (Spain)

    2005-05-02

    A study of the total cross section for polarized proton knockout in (e,e'p->) reactions is carried out for the closed-shell nucleus {sup 40}Ca. The dependence of FSI effects on polarization observables viewed as functions of the nucleon polarization angles is analyzed and interpreted within the basis of a semi-classical model for the orbit of the struck nucleon and trajectory of the ejected nucleon. A comparison with the case of a {sup 39}K polarized target and unpolarized protons is performed.

  13. The State Regulation and Accounting and Analytical Support of the Development of E-Commerce in the Consumer Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koval Viktor V

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to study the theoretical and methodological principles of the state regulation and accounting and analytical support of the development of e-commerce in the consumer sector. The peculiarities of the state regulation and accounting and analytical support of the development of e-commerce in the consumer sector have been considered. The international and domestic experience in the field of regulatory support of e-commerce is studied. There systematized the ways of solving the problems of e-commerce in Ukraine based on the need to minimize the direct regulation with the perfection of the institutional environment to improve business conditions including the issues of the fiscal regime and simplification of the customs tariff regulation. The state regulation of e-commerce should constructively contribute to the development of entrepreneurship among other measures by solving the problem of financial control of electronic transactions and supporting the payment infrastructure of e-commerce in the consumer market on the basis of its corresponding accounting and analytical support. Prospects of further research in this direction are definition of a clear and harmonized with international standards state policy in the sphere of regulation of e-commerce in the consumer market on the basis of the relevant accounting and analytical support, since the appearance of new objects and forms of economic activity sets new tasks for the accounting, which develops in parallel with these changes and generates information for managing at both the micro and macro level.

  14. Production of $Y(4260)$ as a hadronic molecule state of $\\bar{D}D_1 +c.c.$ in $e^+e^-$ annihilations

    CERN Document Server

    Qin, Wen; Zhao, Qiang

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the $Y(4260)$ production in $e^+e^-$ annihilations and probe its structure as the $\\bar{D}D_1+c.c.$ hadronic molecule state. By introducing a compact $c\\bar{c}$ component into the wavefunction in addition to the long-ranged molecular one, we show that the compositeness relation can still provide a reasonable constraint on the wavefunction renormalization parameter. This study confirms the earlier work that the $Y(4260)$ contains predominantly a $\\bar{D}D_1+c.c.$ molecular component, and its decays into the $\\bar{D}D^*\\pi+c.c.$ channel should have a nontrivial lineshape. It provides a natural explanation for the production of $Y(4260)$ in $e^+e^-$ annihilations in the same framework. It also allows us to predict the $Y(4260)$ leptonic decay width of which the upper limit is about 500 eV.

  15. Business and politics in Sao Tome e Principe: from cocoa monoculture to petro-state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frynas, J.G. [University of Birmingham (United Kingdom). Dept. of Commerce; Wood, G. [Middlesex University (United Kingdom). Business School; Oliveira, R.M.S.S. de [Cambridge University (United Kingdom). Centre of International Studies

    2003-01-01

    While the islands of Sao Tome e Principe (STP) were once a leading cocoa producer, cocoa production is now relatively insignificant and the country is little known today outside the lusophone world. But STP could soon gain strategic and economic importance as its territorial waters are suspected to hold large quantities of crude oil. This article explores STP's shift away from domination by cocoa exports, narrating the decline and final collapse of the plantation economy and the country's slide towards overwhelming dependence on external assistance in the form of foreign aid and external debt. In this context, it calls STP an unviable state as its fledgling domestic economy fails to generate enough revenue to sustain its highly import-reliant consumption patterns. But it finds STP on the verge of another major transformation as it is likely to become a crude oil producer within a few years. In the course of this research, the authors came across major irregularities in the conduct of the country's oil policy and some of this information appears for the first time in the public domain. In this context, their research points to opportunities for rent-seeking and corrupt behaviour, which stem from access to foreign aid and natural resources. (author)

  16. Measurement of e^+e^- to pi^+pi^-J/psi Cross Section via Initial State Radiation at Belle

    CERN Document Server

    Yuan, C Z; Wang, P; McOnie, S; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Bahinipati, S; Balagura, V; Barberio, E; Bedny, I; Bitenc, U; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; Bracko, M; Brodzicka, J; Browder, T E; Chang, M C; Chang, P; Chen, A; Chen, K F; Chen, W T; Cheon, B G; Chistov, R; Cho, I S; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Dash, M; Eidelman, S; Fratina, S; Gabyshev, N; Golob, B; Ha, H; Haba, J; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Hazumi, M; Heffernan, D; Hokuue, T; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W S; Hsiung, Y B; Hyun, H J; Iijima, T; Ikado, K; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, Y; Kah, D H; Kaji, H; Kang, J H; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Korpar, S; Krizan, P; Krokovny, P; Kumar, R; Kuo, C C; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y J; Lee, S E; Lesiak, T; Lin, S W; Liu, Y; Liventsev, D; Mandl, F; Marlow, D; Matyja, A; Medvedeva, T; Mitaroff, W A; Miyabayashi, K; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mizuk, R; Mori, T; Nagasaka, Y; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Palka, H; Park, H; Park, K S; Peak, L S; Piilonen, L E; Sakai, Y; Schneider, O; Schümann, J; Seidl, R; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shibuya, H; Shiu, J G; Shwartz, B; Singh, J B; Sokolov, A; Somov, A; Staric, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Takasaki, F; Tanaka, M; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Tikhomirov, I; Uehara, S; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Usov, Yu; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Villa, S; Vinokurova, A; Wang, C C; Wang, C H; Wang, X L; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamaguchi, A; Yamashita, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A

    2007-01-01

    The cross section for e^+e^- to pi^+pi^-J/psi between 3.8 and 5.5 GeV/c^2 is measured using a 548 fb^{-1} data sample collected on or near the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at KEKB. A peak near 4.25 GeV/c^2, corresponding to the so called Y(4260), is observed. In addition, there is another cluster of events at around 4.05 GeV/c^2. A fit using two interfering Breit-Wigner shapes describes the data better than one that uses only the Y(4260), especially for the lower mass side of the 4.25 GeV enhancement.

  17. Confirmation of a charged charmoniumlike state $Z_c(3885)^{\\mp}$ in $e^+e^-\\to\\pi^{\\pm}(D\\bar{D}^*)^\\mp$ with double $D$ tag

    CERN Document Server

    Ablikim, M; Ai, X C; Albayrak, O; Albrecht, M; Ambrose, D J; Amoroso, A; An, F F; An, Q; Bai, J Z; Ferroli, R Baldini; Ban, Y; Bennett, D W; Bennett, J V; Bertani, M; Bettoni, D; Bian, J M; Bianchi, F; Boger, E; Boyko, I; Briere, R A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, H Y; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, X; Chen, X R; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, X K; Cibinetto, G; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dbeyssi, A; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; De Mori, F; Ding, Y; Dong, C; Dong, J; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Duan, P F; Eren, E E; Fan, J Z; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fang, X; Fang, Y; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Felici, G; Feng, C Q; Fioravanti, E; Fritsch, M; Fu, C D; Gao, Q; Gao, X Y; Gao, Y; Gao, Z; Garzia, I; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, Y; Guo, Y P; Haddadi, Z; Hafner, A; Han, S; Hao, X Q; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, X Q; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, C; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Hu, Y; Huang, G M; Huang, G S; Huang, J S; Huang, X T; Huang, Y; Hussain, T; Ji, Q; Ji, Q P; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L L; Jiang, L W; Jiang, X S; Jiang, X Y; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Johansson, T; Julin, A; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kang, X L; Kang, X S; Kavatsyuk, M; Ke, B C; Kiese, P; Kliemt, R; Kloss, B; Kolcu, O B; Kopf, B; Kornicer, M; Kuehn, W; Kupsc, A; Lange, J S; Lara, M; Larin, P; Leng, C; Li, C; Li, Cheng; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, F Y; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, Jin; Li, K; Li, Lei; Li, P R; Li, T; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X M; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Liao, G R; Lin, D X; Liu, B J; Liu, C L; Liu, C X; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J B; Liu, J P; Liu, J Y; Liu, K; Liu, K Y; Liu, L D; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lou, X C; Lu, H J; Lu, J G; Lu, Y; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lyu, X R; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, L L; Ma, Q M; Ma, T; Ma, X N; Ma, X Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Marcello, S; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Mo, Y J; Morales, C Morales; Moriya, K; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nerling, F; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Nisar, S; Niu, S L; Niu, X Y; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Pettersson, J; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Prasad, V; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, L Q; Qin, N; Qin, X S; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Redmer, C F; Ripka, M; Rong, G; Rosner, Ch; Ruan, X D; Santoro, V; Sarantsev, A; Savrié, M; Schoenning, K; Schumann, S; Shan, W; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, P X; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Song, W M; Song, X Y; Sosio, S; Spataro, S; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Tiemens, M; Ullrich, M; Uman, I; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, D; Wang, D Y; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, S G; Wang, W; Wang, X F; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z H; Wang, Z Y; Weber, T; Wei, D H; Wei, J B; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, S P; Wiedner, U; Wolke, M; Wu, L H; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xia, Y; Xiao, D; Xiao, H; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, L; Xu, Q J; Xu, X P; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, W C; Yan, Y H; Yang, H J; Yang, H X; Yang, L; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yin, J H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, J S; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, W L; Yuan, Y; Yuncu, A; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J J; Zhang, J L; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, K; Zhang, L; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y N; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y T; Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Z H; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, J W; Zhao, J Y; Zhao, J Z; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, W J; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhou, L; Zhou, X; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhou, X Y; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, S; Zhu, S H; Zhu, X L; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zotti, L; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

    2015-01-01

    We present a study of the process $e^+e^-\\to\\pi^{\\pm}(D\\bar{D}^*)^{\\mp}$ using data samples of 1092 pb$^{-1}$ at $\\sqrt{s}=4.23$ GeV and 826 pb$^{-1}$ at $\\sqrt{s}=4.26$ GeV collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII storage ring. With full reconstruction of the $D$ meson pair and the bachelor $\\pi^{\\pm}$ in the final state, we confirm the existence of the charged structure $Z_c(3885)^{\\mp}$ in the $(D\\bar{D}^*)^{\\mp}$ system in the two isospin processes $e^+e^-\\to\\pi^+D^0D^{*-}$ and $e^+e^-\\to\\pi^+D^-D^{*0}$. By performing a simultaneous fit, the statistical significance of $Zc(3885)^{\\mp}$ signal is determined to be greater than 10$\\sigma$, and its pole mass and width are measured to be $M_{\\rm{pole}}$=(3881.7$\\pm$1.6(stat.)$\\pm$2.1(syst.)) MeV/$c^2$ and $\\Gamma_{\\rm{pole}}$=(26.6$\\pm$2.0(stat.)$\\pm$2.3(syst.)) MeV, respectively. The Born cross section times the $(D\\bar{D}^*)^{\\mp}$ branching fraction ($\\sigma(e^+e^-\\to\\pi^{\\pm}Z_{c}(3885)^{\\mp}) \\times Br(Z_{c}(3885)^{\\mp}\\to(D\\bar{D}^*)^{\\mp})$) is ...

  18. O gênero Canistrum E. Morren (Bromeliaceae no Estado do Paraná The genus Canistrum E. Morren (Bromeliaceae in Paraná State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosângela Capuano Tardivo

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho é um estudo taxonômico das espécies do gênero Canistrum no Estado do Paraná. Canistrum cyathiforme (Veil. Mez e C. lindenii (Regei Mez são as únicas espécies pertencentes ao gênero, encontradas na flora paranaense. C. lindenii está restrita a três variedades e quatro formas: C. lindenii (Regei Mez var. lindenii f. lindenii; C. lindenii var. viride (E. Morren Reitz f. magnum Reitz; C. lindenii var. roseum (E. Morren L. B. Sm. f. humile Reitz e C. lindenii var. roseum í.procerum Reitz. São apresentadas chaves de identificação, descrições, ilustrações e distribuição geográfica dos táxons estudados.This work is a taxonomic study of Canistrum species in the Paraná State. Canistrum cyathiforme (Veil. Mez and C. lindenii (Regel Mez are the only species of the genus found in the flora of Paraná. C. lindenii is delimitted to three varieties and four forms: C. lindenii var. lindenii f. lindenii; C. lindenii var. viride (E. Morren Reitz f. magnum Reitz; C. lindenii war. roseum (E. Morren L. B. Sm. f. humile Reitz and C. lindenii var. roseum f. procerum Reitz. Identification keys, descriptions and geographical distribution of the studied taxa are presented.

  19. Measurement of sigma(e+ e- -> pi+ pi-) from threshold to 0.85 GeV^2 using Initial State Radiation with the KLOE detector

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosino, F; Antonelli, M; Archilli, F; Beltrame, P; Bencivenni, G; Bini, C; Bloise, C; Bocchetta, S; Bossi, F; Branchini, P; Capon, G; Capussela, T; Ceradini, F; Ciambrone, P; De Lucia, E; De Santis, A; De Simone, P; De Zorzi, G; Denig, A; Di Domenico, A; Di Donato, C; Di Micco, B; Dreucci, M; Felici, G; Fiore, S; Franzini, P; Gatti, C; Gauzzi, P; Giovannella, S; Graziani, E; Jacewicz, M; Kluge, W; Lee-Franzini, J; Leone, D; Martini, M; Massarotti, P; Meola, S; Miscetti, S; Moulson, M; Müller, S; Murtas, F; Napolitano, M; Nguyen, F; Palutan, M; Passeri, A; Patera, V; Santangelo, P; Sciascia, B; Spadaro, T; Taccini, C; Tortora, L; Valente, P; Venanzoni, G; Versaci, R

    2010-01-01

    We have measured the cross section of the radiative process e+e- -> pi+pi-gamma with the KLOE detector at the Frascati phi-factory DAPHNE, from events taken at a CM energy W=1 GeV. Initial state radiation allows us to obtain the cross section for e+e- -> pi+pi-, the pion form factor |F_pi|^2 and the dipion contribution to the muon magnetic moment anomaly, Delta a_mu^{pipi} = (478.5+-2.0_{stat}+-4.8_{syst}+-2.9_{th}) x 10^{-10} in the range 0.1 < M_{pipi}^2 < 0.85 GeV^2. The discrepancy between the Standard Model evaluation of a_mu and the value measured by the Muon g-2 collaboration at BNL is confirmed.

  20. Bound states of quarks and gluons and hadronic transitions; Estados ligados de quarks e gluons e transicoes hadronicas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, Antonio Soares de

    1990-05-01

    A potential which incorporates the concepts of confinement and asymptotic freedom, previously utilized in the description of the spectroscopy of mesons and baryons, is extended to the gluon sector. The mass spectroscopy of glueballs and hybrids is analyzed considering only pairwise potentials and massive constituent gluons. The mass spectrum of the color octet two-gluon system is adopted as a suitable description of the intermediate states of hadronic transitions, within the framework of the multipole expansion for quantum chromodynamics. The spin-dependent effects in the gluonium spectrum, associated with the Coulombian potential, are calculated through the inverted first Born approximation for the gluon-gluon scattering. (author). 102 refs, 1 fig, 13 tabs.

  1. A saúde entre o Estado e a sociedade Health: between the State and society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mozart Abreu Lima

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Ele testemunhou, 'de dentro', os estertores da ditadura militar brasileira, durante o governo João Baptista Figueiredo. Foi o "ministro interno" da Saúde do Brasil, nas palavras do próprio titular da pasta, Waldir Arcoverde. Respondeu, no Ministério da Saúde, por importantes mudanças, e para isso enfrentou com a verve nordestina as contínuas ameaças e pressões da chamada comunidade de informações, que à época governava o Brasil com mão de ferro. Mozart Abreu Lima foi um dos principais estrategistas da saúde pública brasileira no período de passagem da ditadura para a lenta e gradual restauração do Estado de direito. Para a cadeira de secretário geral do Ministério da Saúde levou a inteligência que o destacou na elaboração do plano diretor da Central de Medicamentos, a Ceme, e a cultura de gestão descentralizada e participativa experimentada na Superintendência para o Desenvolvimento do Nordeste, a Sudene. Embora se apresente como um homem de esquerda, não hesita em aplaudir a política industrial implantada pelos governos militares, em especial a partir da administração Geisel. Nacionalista contumaz, Mozart Abreu Lima fez história na Fiocruz, como um dos mentores da criação do Instituto Nacional de Controle de Qualidade (INCQ. Principal responsável pela extraordinária logística que viabilizou a realização dos dias nacionais de vacinação, modelo de imunização hoje mundialmente consagrado, nesta entrevista concedida a Carlos Fidélis Ponte, pesquisador da Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, ele desvenda os bastidores de sua experiência no poder, revela esquemas de corrupção na fiscalização da saúde, apresenta conceitos de gestão pública e critica o Brasil das instituições descartáveis, do Estado empobrecido e desmantelado, de caso pensado, transformado em mercado de fast-food.He was an inside witness to the death throes of Brazil's military dictatorship, under the João Baptista Figueiredo administration. He

  2. Dollar$ & $en$e. Part VI: Knowledge management: the state of the art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, I

    2001-01-01

    In Part I of this series, I introduced the concept of memes (1). Memes are ideas or concepts--the information world equivalent of genes. The goal of this series of articles is to infect you with memes so you will assimilate, translate, and express them. No matter what our area of expertise or "-ology," we all are in the information business. Our goal is to be in the wisdom business. In the previous articles in this series, I showed that when we convert raw data into wisdom, we are moving along a value chain. Each step in the chain adds a different amount of value to the final product: timely, relevant, accurate, and precise knowledge that then can be applied to create the ultimate product in the value chain--wisdom. In part II of this series, I introduced a set of memes for measuring the cost of adding value (2). In part III of this series, I presented a new set of memes for measuring the added value of knowledge, i.e., intellectual capital (3). In part IV of this series, I discussed practical knowledge management tools for measuring the value of people, structural, and customer capital (4). In part V of this series, I applied intellectual capital and knowledge management concepts at the individual level, to help answer a fundamental question: what is my added value (5)? In the final part of this series, I will review the state of intellectual capital and knowledge management development to date and outline the direction of current knowledge management initiatives and research projects.

  3. Identification of Entamoeba histolytica and E. dispar infection in Maceió, Alagoas State, northeast Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Rafael V; Fontes, Gilberto; Duarte, Iasmin A C; Santos-Júnior, José A; Rocha, Eliana M M

    2016-10-31

    A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the prevalence of E. histolytica and E. dispar by examining stool samples obtained from 1,003 students of public schools in Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil. All stool samples were processed using the spontaneous sedimentation technique and examined microscopically for the presence of Entamoeba species. In order to distinguish infections caused by E. histolytica, fecal samples presenting cysts of Entamoeba were subjected to specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The analysis of the fecal specimens by microscopy identified 6.4% (64/1,003) students positive for E. histolytica/E. dispar/E. moshkovskii cysts. The prevalence of E. histolytica detected by ELISA was 3.0% (30/1,003) and by PCR 2.8% (28/1,003), but the difference is not statistically significant (p > 0.05). The prevalence of E. dispar in schoolchildren was 5.0% (50/1,003). Mixed infections with E. histolytica and E. dispar were also detected by PCR.  Even though immunological and molecular methods have shown similar results for identification of E. histolytica, ELISA is advantageous over the PCR since it is relatively cheaper and easier to perform. Our study demonstrated the occurrence of E. histolytica in Maceió and highlights the need to introduce a specific diagnostic test to detect amoebiasis cases in public laboratories.

  4. An extra vector state at a lower mass, ω(1250) in a re-analysis of e+e- annihilation data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komada, Toshihiko; Yamauchi, Ichiro

    2016-05-01

    The combined data of cross section of the process, e+ e- → π+ π- π0 obtained by SND and BaBar in the energy region √{s } from the threshold to 2 GeV are analyzed to study I=0 vector states in the energy region √{s } between 1 and 2 GeV. Two ω states, ω(1) and ω(2) between 1 and 2 GeV and a direct decay amplitude as well as ω and ϕ are considered to contribute to the process. We carefully searched for the solution not only below 180° of a relative phase between ω and ϕ amplitudes, θϕ but also above 180°. We have obtained solutions for mass and width values of two ω states, one around 1200 MeV with width 700 MeV, and the other around 1600 MeV with width 125 MeV, respectively, in the region of θϕ above 180°. The state around 1200 MeV seems to be different from the ω(1420) listed in the PDG tables.

  5. Correlations between Polarisation States of W Particles in the Reaction $e^- e^+\\to W^- W^+$ at LEP2 Energies 189-209 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Abdallah, J; Adam, W; Adzic, P; Albrecht, T; Alemany-Fernandez, R; Allmendinger, T; Allport, P P; Amaldi, U; Amapane, N; Amato, S; Anashkin, E; Andreazza, A; Andringa, S; Anjos, N; Antilogus, P; Apel, W-D; Arnoud, Y; Ask, S; Åsman, B; Augustin, J E; Augustinus, A; Baillon, P; Ballestrero, A; Bambade, P; Barbier, R; Bardin, D; Barker, G J; Baroncelli, A; Battaglia, M; Baubillier, M; Becks, K-H; Begalli, M; Behrmann, A; Ben-Haim, E; Benekos, N; Benvenuti, A; Bérat, C; Berggren, M; Bertrand, D; Besançon, M; Besson, N; Bloch, D; Blom, M; Bluj, M; Bonesini, M; Boonekamp, M; Booth, P S L; Borisov, G; Botner, O; Bouquet, B; Bowcock, T J V; Boyko, I; Bracko, M; Brenner, R; Brodet, E; Brückman, P; Brunet, J M; Buschbeck, B; Buschmann, P; Calvi, M; Camporesi, T; Canale, V; Carena, F; Castro, N; Cavallo, F; Chapkin, M; Charpentier, Ph; Checchia, P; Chierici, R; Chliapnikov, P V; Chudoba, J; Chung, S U; Cieslik, K; Collins, P; Contri, R; Cosme, G; Cossutti, F; Costa, M J; Crennell, D J; Cuevas-Maestro, J; D'Hondt, J; Da Silva, T; Da Silva, W; Della Ricca, G; De Angelis, A; de Boer, Wim; De Clercq, C; De Lotto, B; De Maria, N; De Min, A; De Paula, L; Di Ciaccio, L; Di Simone, A; Doroba, K; Drees, J; Eigen, G; Ekelöf, T J C; Ellert, M; Elsing, M; Espirito-Santo, M C; Fanourakis, G K; Fassouliotis, D; Feindt, M; Fernández, J; Ferrer, A; Ferro, F; Flagmeyer, U; Föth, H; Fokitis, E; Fulda-Quenzer, F; Fuster, J; Gandelman, M; García, C; Gavillet, Ph; Gazis, E; Gokieli, R; Golob, B; Gómez-Ceballos, G; Gonçalves, P; Graziani, E; Grosdidier, G; Grzelak, K; Guy, J; Haag, C; Hallgren, A; Hamacher, K; Hamilton, K; Haug, S; Hauler, F; Hedberg, V; Hennecke, M; Hoffman, J; Holmgren, S-O; Holt, P J; Houlden, M A; Jackson, J N; Jarlskog, G; Jarry, P; Jeans, D; Johansson, E K; Jonsson, P; Joram, C; Jungermann, L; Kapusta, F; Katsanevas, S; Katsoufis, E; Kernel, G; Kersevan, B P; Kerzel, U; King, B T; Kjaer, N J; Kluit, P; Kokkinias, P; Kourkoumelis, C; Kuznetsov, O; Krumshtein, Z; Kucharczyk, M; Lamsa, J; Leder, G; Ledroit, F; Leinonen, L; Leitner, R; Lemonne, J; Lepeltier, V; Lesiak, T; Liebig, W; Liko, D; Lipniacka, A; Lopes, J H; López, J M; Loukas, D; Lutz, P; Lyons, L; MacNaughton, J; Malek, A; Maltezos, S; Mandl, F; Marco, J; Marco, R; Maréchal, B; Margoni, M; Marin, J-C; Mariotti, C; Markou, A; Martínez-Rivero, C; Masik, J; Mastroyiannopoulos, N; Matorras, F; Matteuzzi, C; Mazzucato, F; Mazzucato, M; McNulty, R; Meroni, C; Migliore, E; Mitaroff, W A; Mjörnmark, U; Moa, T; Moch, M; Mönig, K; Monge, R; Montenegro, J; Moraes, D; Moreno, S; Morettini, P; Müller, U; Münich, K; Mulders, M; Mundim, L; Murray, W; Muryn, B; Myatt, G; Myklebust, T; Nassiakou, M; Navarria, F; Nawrocki, K; Némécek, S; Nicolaidou, R; Nikolenko, M; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V F; Olshevski, A; Onofre, A; Orava, R; Österberg, K; Ouraou, A; Oyanguren, A; Paganoni, M; Paiano, S; Palacios, J P; Palka, H; Papadopoulou, Th D; Pape, L; Parkes, C; Parodi, F; Parzefall, U; Passeri, A; Passon, O; Peralta, L; Perepelitsa, V; Perrotta, A; Petrolini, A; Piedra, J; Pieri, L; Pierre, F; Pimenta, M; Piotto, E; Podobnik, T; Poireau, V; Pol, M E; Polok, G; Pozdnyakov, V; Pukhaeva, N; Pullia, A; Radojicic, D; Rebecchi, P; Rehn, J; Reid, D; Reinhardt, R; Renton, P B; Richard, F; Rídky, J; Rivero, M; Rodríguez, D; Romero, A; Ronchese, P; Roudeau, P; Rovelli, T; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V; Ryabtchikov, D; Sadovskii, A; Salmi, L; Salt, J; Sander, C; Savoy-Navarro, A; Schwickerath, U; Sekulin, R; Siebel, M; Sisakian, A; Smadja, G; Smirnova, O; Sokolov, A; Sopczak, A; Sosnowski, R; Spassoff, Tz; Stanitzki, M; Stocchi, A; Strauss, J; Stugu, B; Szczekowski, M; Szeptycka, M; Szumlak, T; Tabarelli de Fatis, T; Tegenfeldt, F; Timmermans, J; Tkatchev, L; Tobin, M; Todorovova, S; Tomé, B; Tonazzo, A; Tortosa, P; Travnicek, P; Treille, D; Tristram, G; Trochimczuk, M; Troncon, C; Turluer, M-L; Tyapkin, I A; Tyapkin, P; Tzamarias, S; Uvarov, V; Valenti, G; van Dam, P; Van Eldik, J; Van Remortel, N; Van Vulpen, I; Vegni, G; Veloso, F; Venus, W; Verdier, P; Verzi, V; Vilanova, D; Vitale, L; Vrba, V; Wahlen, H; Washbrook, A J; Weiser, C; Wicke, D; Wickens, J; Wilkinson, G; Winter, M; Witek, M; Yushchenko, O; Zalewska-Bak, A; Zalewski, P; Zavrtanik, D; Zhuravlov, V; Zimin, N I; Zintchenko, A; Zupan, M

    2009-01-01

    In a study of the reaction e-e+ -> W-W+ with the DELPHI detector, the probabilities of the two W particles occurring in the joint polarisation states transverse-transverse (TT), longitudinal-transverse plus transverse-longitudinal (LT) and longitudinal-longitudinal (LL) have been determined using the final states WW -> l nu q qbar (l = e, mu). The two-particle joint polarisation probabilities, i.e. the spin density matrix elements rho_TT, rho_LT, rho_LL, are measured as functions of the W- production angle, theta_W-, at an average reaction energy of 198.2 GeV. Averaged over all cos(theta_W-), the following joint probabilities are obtained: rho_TT = (67 +/- 8)%, rho_LT = (30 +/- 8)%, rho_LL = (3 +/- 7)% . These results are in agreement with the Standard Model predictions of 63.0%, 28.9% and 8.1%, respectively. The related polarisation cross-sections sigma_TT, sigma_LT and sigma_LL are also presented.

  6. State-Civil Society Partnership: issues for debate and new researches [Parceria entre o Estado e a Sociedade Civil: pontos para o debate e novas pesquisas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Vasconcellos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we look at the literature related to partnership between state and civil society, especially partnership between public and non-for-profi t organisations. We discuss the differing perspectives of partnership and attempt to identify some of the main theoretical concerns about partnership between state and civil society in the governance context. In this paper, we argue that the historical background of partnership has not been included among factors used in explaining the resort to partnership in governance. In spite of existing analyses showing that partnership brings social benefi ts in their own right, we try to show that there is no evidence that this ‘social technology’ contributes effectively to bringing power to powerless people and social groups. Most of the literature shows that partnership tries to make relationship between local people and local governance stronger and improve the possibilities for powerless people and social groups to participate in local governance. However, we do not fi nd clear evidence in the literature that partnership allows for a shift in political power. Finally, we show that it is unclear whether the interaction between ordinary people and the state through a participatory process has successfully helped to build social cohesiveness for different social groups. The main contribution of this paper is to expand the understanding of the factors that infl uence the process of partnership between state and civil society (positively and negatively for local development. ---- Parceria entre o Estado e a Sociedade Civil: pontos para o debate e novas pesquisas ---- Resumo ---- Neste artigo analisamos a literatura de parceria entre o estado e a sociedade civil, em particular sobre a parceria entre as organizações públicas e as organizações sem fins lucrativos. Discutimos as diferentes perspectivas do conceito de parceria e objetivamos destacar algumas das principais preocupações teóricas sobre

  7. Coadjoint Orbits of the Poincar\\'e Group in 2+1 Dimensions and their Coherent States

    CERN Document Server

    Hudon, V

    2010-01-01

    We study the structure of the coadjoint orbits of the 2+1 Poincar\\'e group, using a matricial representation of the group. We also obtain the orbits connected to irreducible representations of the group. Finally we obtain coherent states for the hyperboloidal and conical orbits.

  8. Assalto ao Estado e ao mercado, neoliberalismo e teoria econômica Assault on the State and on the market: Neoliberalism and economic theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O Estado e o mercado são instituições complementares. O Estado é a instituição principal que coordena as sociedades modernas; é o sistema constitucional e a organização que o garante; é o principal instrumento por meio do qual as sociedades democráticas estão moldando o capitalismo de modo a alcançar seus próprios objetivos políticos. Os mercados são instituições baseadas na competição regulada pelo Estado para que contribuam com a coordenação da economia. Enquanto o liberalismo emergiu no século XVIII para combater o Estado autocrático, desde os anos 1980 o neoliberalismo (uma distorção maior do liberalismo econômico tornou-se dominante e montou um assalto ao Estado em nome do mercado, mas eventualmente também atacou o mercado. A macroeconomia neoclássica e a teoria da escolha pública foram as metaideologias que deram a esse assalto um apelo "científico" e matemático.State and market are complementary institutions. The state is the major institution coordinating modern societies; it is the constitutional system and the organizations guaranteeing it; it is the main instrument through which democratic societies have been changing capitalism so as to achieve their own agreed political objectives. Markets are institutions based on competition which the state regulates so that they contribute to the coordination of the economy. While liberalism emerged in the 18th century to fight an autocratic state, since the 1980s neoliberalism (a major distortion of economic liberalism became dominant and mounted a political assault to the state in the name of the market, but eventually also attacked the market. Neoclassical macroeconomics and public choice theory were the meta-ideologies that gave to this assault a "scientific" and mathematical allure.

  9. Analysis of the exclusive final state npe+e- in the quasi-free np reaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamczewski-Musch, J.; Arnold, O.; Atomssa, E. T.; Behnke, C.; Belounnas, A.; Belyaev, A.; Berger-Chen, J. C.; Biernat, J.; Blanco, A.; Blume, C.; Böhmer, M.; Bordalo, P.; Chernenko, S.; Chlad, L.; Deveaux, C.; Dreyer, J.; Dybczak, A.; Epple, E.; Fabbietti, L.; Fateev, O.; Filip, P.; Fonte, P.; Franco, C.; Friese, J.; Fröhlich, I.; Galatyuk, T.; Garzón, J. A.; Gernhäuser, R.; Golubeva, M.; Guber, F.; Gumberidze, M.; Harabasz, S.; Heinz, T.; Hennino, T.; Hlavac, S.; Höhne, C.; Holzmann, R.; Ierusalimov, A.; Ivashkin, A.; Kämpfer, B.; Karavicheva, T.; Kardan, B.; Koenig, I.; Koenig, W.; Kolb, B. W.; Korcyl, G.; Kornakov, G.; Kotte, R.; Kühn, W.; Kugler, A.; Kunz, T.; Kurepin, A.; Kurilkin, A.; Kurilkin, P.; Ladygin, V.; Lalik, R.; Lapidus, K.; Lebedev, A.; Liu, T.; Lopes, L.; Lorenz, M.; Mahmoud, T.; Maier, L.; Mangiarotti, A.; Markert, J.; Maurus, S.; Metag, V.; Michel, J.; Mihaylov, D. M.; Morinière, E.; Morozov, S.; Müntz, C.; Münzer, R.; Naumann, L.; Nowakowski, K.; Palka, M.; Parpottas, Y.; Pechenov, V.; Pechenova, O.; Petousis, V.; Petukhov, O.; Pietraszko, J.; Przygoda, W.; Ramos, S.; Ramstein, B.; Reshetin, A.; Rodriguez-Ramos, P.; Rosier, P.; Rost, A.; Sadovsky, A.; Salabura, P.; Scheib, T.; Schuldes, H.; Schwab, E.; Scozzi, F.; Seck, F.; Sellheim, P.; Siebenson, J.; Silva, L.; Sobolev, Yu. G.; Spataro, S.; Ströbele, H.; Stroth, J.; Strzempek, P.; Sturm, C.; Svoboda, O.; Tlusty, P.; Traxler, M.; Tsertos, H.; Usenko, E.; Wagner, V.; Wendisch, C.; Wiebusch, M. G.; Wirth, J.; Zanevsky, Y.; Zumbruch, P.; Sarantsev, A. V.

    2017-07-01

    We report on the investigation of dielectron production in tagged quasi-free neutron-proton collisions by using a deuteron beam of kinetic energy 1.25GeV/u impinging on a liquid hydrogen target. Our measurements with HADES confirm a significant excess of e+e- pairs above the π0 mass in the exclusive channel dp → npe+e-(p_{spect}) as compared to the exclusive channel ppe+e- measured in proton-proton collisions at the same energy. That excess points to different bremsstrahlung production mechanisms. Two models were evaluated for the role of the charged pion exchange between nucleons and double- Δ excitation combined with intermediate ρ-meson production. Differential cross sections as a function of the e+e- invariant mass and of the angles of the virtual photon, proton and electrons provide valuable constraints and encourage further investigations on both experimental and theoretical sides.

  10. International competitiveness of brazilian and paraná state`s coffe complex / Competitividade internacional do complexo cafeeiro brasileiro e paranaense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Vasques Cintra

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to analyze the determinants aspects of the competitiveness of the exportations of the coffee complex in Paraná State between 1990 and 2003 . The study intends to systematize: the recent literature on the subject, focusing the competitiveness of the main products of the brazilian guideline of exportations. A critical review of literature was made about the theories of international trade and competitiveness. It was characterized the dynamics of the complex of Brazilian coffee. The article identifies the competitive advantages of the Paraná coffee (green, roasted, soluble and special in relation to the competing countries; discusses the barriers to imports imposed to the brazilian coffee by the importing countries, and ends with the possible public and private policies favorable to the competitiveness of the coffee exportations.O objetivo deste artigo é analisar os determinantes da competitividade das exportações do complexo cafeeiro paranaense entre 1990 e 2003. O estudo pretende sistematizar: a literatura recente sobre o tema, enfocando a competitividade de um dos principais produtos da pauta de exportações brasileira e do Paraná. Realizou-se a revisão crítica da literatura das teorias do comércio internacional e da competitividade e em seguida, caracterizou-se a dinâmica do complexo cafeeiro do brasileiro e paranaense. O artigo identifica as vantagens competitivas do café paranaense (verde, torrado, solúvel e especial em relação aos países concorrentes; discute as barreiras às importações impostas ao café brasileiro pelos países importadores; e finaliza com as possíveis políticas públicas e privadas favoráveis à competitividade das exportações de café.

  11. IS HEMOGLOBIN E GENE WIDELY SPREAD IN THE STATE OF MADHYA PRADESH IN CENTRAL INDIA? EVIDENCE FROM FIVE TYPICAL FAMILIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R S Balgir

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Red cell inherited hemoglobin anomalies are commonly encountered in the central region of India. These cause a public health concern due to high degree of morbidity, mortality, and fetal loss in the backward, underprivileged, and vulnerable people. Purpose: To report five typical families of hemoglobin E disorders identified for the first time in the state of Madhya Pradesh from central India. Methods: Out of a total of 445 couples/families (excluding the present study with 1526 persons (848 males and 678 females referred from a tertiary hospital in central India for investigations of anemia/hemoglobinopathies during the period from March 2010 to February 2014, we came across five typical rare couples/families of hemoglobin E disorders worthy of detailed investigations. Laboratory investigations were carried out following the standard procedures after cross checking for quality control from time to time. Results: For the first time, we have encountered nine cases of heterozygous hemoglobin E trait, two members with hemoglobin E-β-thalassemia (double heterozygosity, two cases of sickle cell-hemoglobin E disease (double heterozygosity, and none with homozygous hemoglobin E. Cases  of hemoglobin E trait, hemoglobin E-β-thalassemia, sickle cell-β-thalassemia and sickle cell-E disease showed moderate to severe anemia, and target cells, and reduced values of red cell indices like RBC, Hb level, HCT, MCV, MCH and MCHC, representing abnormal hematological profile and clinical manifestations before blood transfusion. Conclusions: Double heterozygosity for hemoglobinopathies such as occurrence of β-thalassemia mutation with structurally abnormal hemoglobins (Hb S and Hb E is a rare entity, but occurs with severe clinical manifestations only in those areas or communities where these are highly prevalent, testifying the migrations and genetic admixture. Distribution of hemoglobin E and β-thalassemia in different districts of Madhya Pradesh

  12. Study of $e^+ e^- \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- J/\\psi$ and Observation of a Charged Charmonium-like State at Belle

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Z Q; Yuan, C Z; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Asner, D M; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Aziz, T; Bakich, A M; Bala, A; Belous, K; Bhuyan, B; Bischofberger, M; Bondar, A; Bonvicini, G; Bozek, A; Bračko, M; Brodzicka, J; Browder, T E; Chang, P; Chekelian, V; Chen, A; Chen, P; Cheon, B G; Chistov, R; Cho, K; Chobanova, V; Choi, S -K; Choi, Y; Cinabro, D; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Doležal, Z; Drásal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Dutta, D; Dutta, K; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Farhat, H; Fast, J E; Feindt, M; Ferber, T; Frey, A; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Ganguly, S; Gillard, R; Goh, Y M; Golob, B; Haba, J; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Horii, Y; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W -S; Hsiung, Y B; Hyun, H J; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, Y; Joffe, D; Julius, T; Kah, D H; Kang, J H; Kawasaki, T; Kiesling, C; Kim, H J; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, M J; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Klucar, J; Ko, B R; Kodyš, P; Korpar, S; Križan, P; Krokovny, P; Kuhr, T; Kwon, Y -J; Lange, J S; Lee, S -H; Li, J; Li, Y; Libby, J; Liu, C; Lukin, P; Matvienko, D; Miyabayashi, K; Miyata, H; Mizuk, R; Mohanty, G B; Moll, A; Mussa, R; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Nayak, M; Nedelkovska, E; Nisar, N K; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Ogawa, S; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Onuki, Y; Ostrowicz, W; Oswald, C; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Park, H; Park, H K; Pestotnik, R; Petrič, M; Piilonen, L E; Ritter, M; Röhrken, M; Rostomyan, A; Sahoo, H; Saito, T; Sakai, Y; Sandilya, S; Santel, D; Sanuki, T; Sato, Y; Savinov, V; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schwanda, C; Seidl, R; Semmler, D; Senyo, K; Seon, O; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shibata, T -A; Shiu, J -G; Shwartz, B; Sibidanov, A; Simon, F; Smerkol, P; Sohn, Y -S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Starič, M; Steder, M; Sumihama, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Tamponi, U; Tanida, K; Tatishvili, G; Teramoto, Y; Trabelsi, K; Tsuboyama, T; Uchida, M; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Van Hulse, C; Vanhoefer, P; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vorobyev, V; Wagner, M N; Wang, C H; Wang, M -Z; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamaoka, J; Yamashita, Y; Yashchenko, S; Yook, Y; Yusa, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zupanc, A

    2013-01-01

    The cross section for $e^+ e^- \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- J/\\psi$ between 3.8 GeV and 5.5 GeV is measured with a 967 fb$^{-1}$ data sample collected by the Belle detector at or near the $\\Upsilon(nS)$ ($n = 1,\\ 2,\\ ...,\\ 5$) resonances. The Y(4260) state is observed, and its resonance parameters are determined. In addition, an excess of $\\pi^+ \\pi^- J/\\psi$ production around 4 GeV is observed. This feature can be described by a Breit-Wigner parameterization with properties that are consistent with the Y(4008) state that was previously reported by Belle. In a study of $Y(4260) \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- J/\\psi$ decays, a structure is observed in the $M(\\pi^\\pm\\jpsi)$ mass spectrum with $5.2\\sigma$ significance, with mass $M=(3894.5\\pm 6.6\\pm 4.5) {\\rm MeV}/c^2$ and width $\\Gamma=(63\\pm 24\\pm 26)$ MeV/$c^{2}$, where the errors are statistical and systematic, respectively. This structure can be interpreted as a new charged charmonium-like state.

  13. H.E. Mr Richard J. Fredericks, Ambassador of the United States of America to Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    Photo 01 : Prof. L. Maiani, CERN Director-General, gives a piece of LHC super conducting wire to H.E. Mr. Richard J. Fredericks; Photo 02 : Prof. L. Maiani, CERN Director-General, Mr. Jan van der Boon, CERN Director of Administration and H.E. Mr. J. Richard Fredericks

  14. Interlayer states arising from anionic electrons in the honeycomb-lattice-based compounds A e AlSi (A e =Ca , Sr, Ba)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yangfan; Tada, Tomofumi; Toda, Yoshitake; Ueda, Shigenori; Wu, Jiazhen; Li, Jiang; Horiba, Koji; Kumigashira, Hiroshi; Zhang, Yaoqing; Hosono, Hideo

    2017-03-01

    We report that the interlayer states common to the compounds A e AlSi (A e =Ca , Sr, Ba) arise from F-center-like electrons arrayed in periodic cavities. The SrPtSb-type intermetallic phases exhibit electrons localized to columns of the trigonal bipyramidal A e3A l2 cages running perpendicular to the honeycomb layers. Ab initio calculations in combination with hard/soft x-ray photoemission spectroscopic measurements reveal that these features correspond to the anionic electrons that hybridize with apical Al 3 pz orbitals from the honeycomb layers above and below. Extra bands with a significant dispersion along the kz direction therefore contribute to the Fermi level in contrast to the apparent two-dimensional connectivity of the bonding in the compounds, and completely account for the presence of interlayer states. Our study demonstrates how the cage centers may serve as electronically important crystallographic sites, and extend the anionic electron concept into honeycomb lattice compounds.

  15. As reformas do Estado, da saúde e recursos humanos: limites e possibilidades The state reforms, health reforms and the human resources: limits and possibilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celia Regina Pierantoni

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available As transformações observadas a partir da implementação da reforma do Estado brasileiro destacam antigos problemas e introduzem outros novos para a área de recursos humanos em saúde. Este trabalho examina o desenvolvimento da área de recursos humanos (RH nas políticas públicas, tendo como referencial as reformas da política nacional de saúde na década de 1990 no Brasil. Aponta para a necessidade de ampliação e aprofundamento do conhecimento sobre o trabalho desenvolvido na área de saúde que envolve a abordagem da administração geral, da sociologia do trabalho e das profissões e especialidades, do desenvolvimento tecnológico, das análises econômicas, dos processos de aprendizagem, entre outras. Identifica dimensões críticas para a abordagem de recursos humanos em saúde que necessitam ser analisadas e acompanhadas de mecanismos de intervenção específica e não excludentes: a dimensão gerencial, a dimensão estrutural e a dimensão regulatória. Destaca a necessidade de intervenções que reintroduzam os profissionais de saúde na centralidade do debate como participantes da implementação das políticas em seus aspectos político, administrativo, técnico e social.The transformations brought by the Brazilian State reforms detach old problems and present new ones to health human resources. This paper examines the development of human resources in public policy concerning the State reforms in the 90's. It points out the need of enlargement and improvement of the knowledge about the work developed in health which envolves general administration, professional sociology, technologic knowledge, economical analyses, learning processes, among others. It identifies three critical dimensions to the approach of health human resources that need to be analyzed and followed by special mechanisms of specific and not excluding intervention: the management, the structural and the regulatory dimensions. It emphasizes the need to

  16. Stato e società civile in Gramsci (State and Civil Society in Gramsci)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Guido LIGUORI

    2016-01-01

    Gramsci is not, as at times has been said, the “theoretician of civil society”. Central to his reflections in the Prison Notebooks is instead the concept of the “integral State” or “extended State...

  17. Deceptive Intentions: Can Cues to Deception Be Measured before a Lie Is Even Stated?: e0125237

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sabine Ströfer; Matthijs L Noordzij; Elze G Ufkes; Ellen Giebels

    2015-01-01

    .... Both are related to increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. We hypothesized that SNS activity already rises during intentions to lie and, consequently, cues to deception can be detected before stating an actual lie...

  18. Visualization of the eEF2-80S ribosome transition-state complex by cryo-electron microscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, Jakob; Sengupta, Jayati; Gursky, Richard

    2008-01-01

    In an attempt to understand ribosome-induced GTP hydrolysis on eEF2, we determined a 12.6-A cryo-electron microscopy reconstruction of the eEF2-bound 80S ribosome in the presence of aluminum tetrafluoride and GDP, with aluminum tetrafluoride mimicking the gamma-phosphate during hydrolysis....... This is the first visualization of a structure representing a transition-state complex on the ribosome. Tight interactions are observed between the factor's G domain and the large ribosomal subunit, as well as between domain IV and an intersubunit bridge. In contrast, some of the domains of eEF2 implicated in small...... and 14. This complex is structurally distinct from the eEF2-bound 80S ribosome complexes previously reported, and analysis of this map sheds light on the GTPase-coupled translocation mechanism....

  19. Semi-analytical calculation of QED radiative corrections to e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} anti ff with special emphasis on kinematical cuts to the final state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jack, M.A.

    2000-08-01

    In this dissertation a complete calculation of QED radiative corrections is presented for total cross sections and forward-backward asymmetries for s-channel fermion pair production in e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation with kinematical cuts to the final state. This includes cuts on the maximal acollinearity angle {theta}{sub acol} and on the minimal energies E{sub min} of the final state fermion pair and on the cosine of the scattering angle of one fermion cos {theta}. The applied cuts pose a realistic alternative for leptonic final states to cuts on the invariant mass squared s' of the fermion pair and on cos {theta}. The derived QED flux functions {rho}(s'/s), with s as center-of-mass (c.m.) energy squared, are convoluted over s' in an improved Born approximation and were implemented into the semi-analytical Fortran program ZFITTER. It is used at the LEP and SLC experiments for precision tests to the standard model and for searches of new particle physics phenomena. This calculation had become necessary due to the much higher experimental precision obtained now and the insufficient accuracy of the approximate, earlier coding. The hard photon flux functions partly correct unpublished earlier results or constitute otherwise new, general formulae which contain known results as special cases. Very compact expressions are obtained when omitting a cut on cos {theta}. An analysis of the updated code together with other numerical two-fermion codes yields for the acollinearity cut option an agreement of cross sections and asymmetries of better than 0.1 per mil on the Z boson resonance, and of better than 0.3 to 1 per mil at the wings ({radical}(s) = M{sub Z} {+-} 3 GeV).

  20. A contabilidade e a imoralidade no Estado Novo (años 30 e 40 = Accounting and immorality in the New State, years 30 and 40

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim A. Calado Cochicho

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El Archivo de Torre de Tombo nos lleva a un encuentro con la Historia. Un nombre desconocido para las Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, José Barata Júnior, preso político en las décadas de los años 30 y 40 del siglo XX, renace sin una vida pasada en el contexto político, económico y social del tiempo en el que fue prisionero. Y también, el concepto de Historia Contemporánea –Estado Nuevo.Un régimen político y dos discursos: uno el que difunde la propaganda, otro el que el pueblo siente. Salazar establece el rigor y la disciplina en la Contabilidad Pública e invoca la ley y una moral superior para el Estado. El mismo Estado, reprime, censura, arresta, tortura y practica la inmoralidad en la “contabilidad” del número de presos políticos muertos en el Penal de Tarrafal, en Cabo Verde.The Archive of Torre do Tombo leads us to an encounter with History - a name unknown to the Social Sciences and Humanities, José Barata Jr., a political prisoner in the 30s and 40s of the twentieth century. When he was a prisoner, a past without life reborn in the political, economic and social time. And, also, the concept of Contemporary History - "New State".A political regime and two speeches: One that propaganda broadcasts, other that the people feel. Salazar establishing rigor and discipline in the Public Accounts and invokes the Law and a Moral superior to the State. The same State represses, censorships, arrests, tortures and practices immorality in the "Accounting" of the number of political prisoners killed in the Penal Colony Tarrafal in Cape Verde.O Arquivo da Torre do Tombo leva-nos a um encontro com a História – Um nome desconhecido das Ciências Sociais e Humanas, José Barata Júnior, preso político nas décadas de 30 e 40, do Século XX. Renasce um passado sem vida no contexto político, económico e social do tempo em que foi prisioneiro. E, também, o conceito de História Contemporânea – “Estado Novo”.Um Regime pol

  1. Measurement of the $\\mathrm e^+\\mathrm e^-\\rightarrow\\mathrm\\pi^+\\mathrm\\pi^-$ Cross Section between 600 and 900 MeV Using Initial State Radiation

    CERN Document Server

    Ablikim, M; Ai, X C; Albayrak, O; Albrecht, M; Ambrose, D J; Amoroso, A; An, F F; An, Q; Bai, J Z; Ferroli, R Baldini; Ban, Y; Bennett, D W; Bennett, J V; Bertani, M; Bettoni, D; Bian, J M; Bianchi, F; Boger, E; Boyko, I; Briere, R A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, H Y; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, X; Chen, X R; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, X K; Cibinetto, G; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dbeyssi, A; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; De Mori, F; Ding, Y; Dong, C; Dong, J; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Duan, P F; Eren, E E; Fan, J Z; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fang, X; Fang, Y; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Felici, G; Feng, C Q; Fioravanti, E; Fritsch, M; Fu, C D; Gao, Q; Gao, X Y; Gao, Y; Gao, Z; Garzia, I; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, Y; Guo, Y P; Haddadi, Z; Hafner, A; Han, S; Hao, X Q; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, X Q; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, C; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Hu, Y; Huang, G M; Huang, G S; Huang, J S; Huang, X T; Huang, Y; Hussain, T; Ji, Q; Ji, Q P; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L W; Jiang, X S; Jiang, X Y; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Johansson, T; Julin, A; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kang, X L; Kang, X S; Kavatsyuk, M; Ke, B C; Kiese, P; Kliemt, R; Kloss, B; Kolcu, O B; Kopf, B; Kornicer, M; Kühn, W; Kupsc, A; Lange, J S; Lara, M; Larin, P; Leng, C; Li, C; Li, Cheng; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, F Y; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, Jin; Li, K; Li, Lei; Li, P R; Li, T; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X M; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Liao, G R; Lin, D X; Liu, B J; Liu, C X; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J B; Liu, J P; Liu, J Y; Liu, K; Liu, K Y; Liu, L D; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lou, X C; Lu, H J; Lu, J G; Lu, Y; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lyu, X R; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, L L; Ma, Q M; Ma, T; Ma, X N; Ma, X Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Marcello, S; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Mo, Y J; Morales, C Morales; Moriya, K; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nerling, F; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Nisar, S; Niu, S L; Niu, X Y; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Pettersson, J; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Prasad, V; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, L Q; Qin, N; Qin, X S; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Redmer, C F; Ripka, M; Rong, G; Rosner, Ch; Ruan, X D; Santoro, V; Sarantsev, A; Savrié, M; Schoenning, K; Schumann, S; Shan, W; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, P X; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Song, W M; Shepherd, M R; Song, X Y; Sosio, S; Spataro, S; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Tiemens, M; Ullrich, M; Uman, I; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, D; Wang, D Y; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, S G; Wang, W; Wang, X F; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z H; Wang, Z Y; Weber, T; Wei, D H; Wei, J B; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, S P; Wiedner, U; Wolke, M; Wu, L H; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xia, Y; Xiao, D; Xiao, H; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, L; Xu, Q J; Xu, X P; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, W C; Yan, Y H; Yang, H J; Yang, H X; Yang, L; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yin, J H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, J S; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, W L; Yuan, Y; Yuncu, A; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J J; Zhang, J L; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, K; Zhang, L; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y N; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y T; Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Z H; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, J W; Zhao, J Y; Zhao, J Z; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, W J; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhou, L; Zhou, X; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhou, X Y; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, S; Zhu, S H; Zhu, X L; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zotti, L; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

    2015-01-01

    We extract the $e^+e^-\\rightarrow \\pi^+\\pi^-$ cross section in the energy range between 600 and 900 MeV, exploiting the method of initial state radiation. A data set with an integrated luminosity of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ taken at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider is used. The cross section is measured with a systematic uncertainty of 0.9%. We extract the pion form factor $|F_\\pi|^2$ as well as the contribution of the measured cross section to the leading order hadronic vacuum polarization contribution to $(g-2)_\\mu$. We find this value to be $a_\\mu^{\\pi\\pi,\\rm LO}(600-900\\;\\rm MeV) = (372.5 \\pm 2.6_{\\rm stat} \\pm 3.4_{\\rm sys})\\cdot 10^{-10}$.

  2. Observation of Two Resonant Structures in e+e- to pi+ pi- psi(2S) via Initial State Radiation at Belle

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, X L; Shen, C P; Wang, P; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Aushev, T; Bakich, A M; Barberio, E; Bedny, I; Bhardwaj, V; Bitenc, U; Blyth, S; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; Bracko, M; Brodzicka, J; Browder, T E; Chang, P; Chen, A; Chen, K F; Cheon, B G; Chiang, C C; Chistov, R; Cho, I S; Choi, S K; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Dash, M; Drutskoy, A; Eidelman, S; Gabyshev, N; Go, A; Gokhroo, G; Ha, H; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Hazumi, M; Heffernan, D; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W S; Hyun, H J; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Ishino, H; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, Y; Kah, D H; Kang, J H; Kawai, H; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kim, H O; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Korpar, S; Krizan, P; Krokovny, P; Kumar, R; Kuo, C C; Kuzmin, A; Lange, J S; Lee, J S; Lee, M J; Lee, S E; Lesiak, T; Limosani, A; Lin, S W; Liu, Y; Liventsev, D; Mandl, F; McOnie, S; Medvedeva, T; Miyabayashi, K; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Mizuk, R; Mori, T; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nakazawa, H; Natkaniec, Z; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Noguchi, S; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Palka, H; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, K S; Pestotnik, R; Piilonen, L E; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Schneider, O; Sekiya, A; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shibuya, H; Shiu, J G; Singh, J B; Sokolov, A; Somov, A; Stanic, S; Staric, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Takasaki, F; Tamai, K; Tanaka, M; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Tikhomirov, I; Uehara, S; Ueno, K; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Varner, G; Villa, S; Vinokurova, A; Wang, C C; Wang, C H; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamaguchi, A; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A

    2007-01-01

    The cross section for e+e- to pi+ pi- psi(2S) between threshold and \\sqrt{s}=5.5 GeV is measured using 673 fb^{-1} of data on and off the \\Upsilon(4S) resonance collected with the Belle detector at KEKB. Two resonant structures are observed in the pi+ pi- psi(2S) invariant mass distribution, one at 4361\\pm 9\\pm 9 MeV/c^2 with a width of 74\\pm 15\\pm 10 MeV/c^2, and another at 4664\\pm 11\\pm 5 MeV/c^2 with a width of 48\\pm 15\\pm 3 MeV/c^2, if the mass spectrum is parameterized with the coherent sum of two Breit-Wigner functions. These values do not match those of any of the known charmonium states.

  3. Some properties of the states at the hidden-strangeness mixed 1/2++1/2- heavy meson pair threshold in e+e- annihilation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voloshin, M. B.

    2017-03-01

    The threshold behavior of e+e- annihilation is considered in the channels Bs 0B¯s*+c .c ., Bs 1B¯s+c .c ., and Bs 1B¯s*+c .c ., where Bs 0 and Bs 1 are the excited bottom-strange JP=0+ and JP=1+ mesons. It is argued that due to the heavy quark spin symmetry only one coherent combination of the first two channels is produced in the S wave as well as the third channel. Thus, if there exist threshold molecular peaks in the considered channels, only two of such peaks can be formed in the annihilation. The properties of such threshold states are discussed, including the heavy-light spin structure and the related transitions to bottomonium plus light mesons, as well as mixing with the channels with and without hidden strangeness.

  4. United States Air Force F-35A Operational Basing Environmental Impact Statement. Appendix E: Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    8217s. Cat hy Chamber l ai n 1 E-285 Germanos, Nicholas M Civ USAF HQ ACC/A7NS From: Sent: To: Subject: Mr. Germanos, Wednesday, July 10,2013 5...With regard to cognitive perfonnance, it reports impairment in reading, memory, auditory discrimination, speech perception, academic performance...increases in stress hom1ones, and a decline in quality of life (Evans et al. 1998)." However, it does not E-315 disclose the noise level at which

  5. E-commerce and its impact in logistic management: A state of art

    OpenAIRE

    Marri, H; Irani, Z; Gunasekaran, A.

    2006-01-01

    Logistics management is defined as that part of the supply chain process that plans, implements, and controls the efficient, effective flow and storage of goods, services, and related information from the point of origin to the point of consumption in order to meet customers' requirements. Traditional logistical issues may be amplified by an e-commerce venture. Adopting e-commerce may greatly expand the marketplace. The organization needs to be concerned with its ability to deliver its produc...

  6. Vitamin E and the Healing of Bone Fracture: The Current State of Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boekhtiar Borhanuddin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The effect of vitamin E on health-related conditions has been extensively researched, with varied results. However, to date, there was no published review of the effect of vitamin E on bone fracture healing. Purpose. This paper systematically audited past studies of the effect of vitamin E on bone fracture healing. Methods. Related articles were identified from Medline, CINAHL, and Scopus databases. Screenings were performed based on the criteria that the study must be an original study that investigated the independent effect of vitamin E on bone fracture healing. Data were extracted using standardised forms, followed by evaluation of quality of reporting using ARRIVE Guidelines, plus recalculation procedure for the effect size and statistical power of the results. Results. Six animal studies fulfilled the selection criteria. The study methods were heterogeneous with mediocre reporting quality and focused on the antioxidant-related mechanism of vitamin E. The metasynthesis showed α-tocopherol may have a significant effect on bone formation during the normal bone remodeling phase of secondary bone healing. Conclusion. In general, the effect of vitamin E on bone fracture healing remained inconclusive due to the small number of heterogeneous and mediocre studies included in this paper.

  7. Observation of the $\\psi(1^3D_2)$ state in $e^+e^-\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-\\gamma\\chi_{c1}$ at BESIII

    CERN Document Server

    Ablikim, M; Ai, X C; Albayrak, O; Albrecht, M; Ambrose, D J; Amoroso, A; An, F F; An, Q; Bai, J Z; Ferroli, R Baldini; Ban, Y; Bennett, D W; Bennett, J V; Bertani, M; Bettoni, D; Bian, J M; Bianchi, F; Boger, E; Bondarenko, O; Boyko, I; Briere, R A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, H Y; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, X; Chen, X R; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, X K; Cibinetto, G; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dbeyssi, A; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; De Mori, F; Ding, Y; Dong, C; Dong, J; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Duan, P F; Fan, J Z; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fang, X; Fang, Y; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Felici, G; Feng, C Q; Fioravanti, E; Fritsch, M; Fu, C D; Gao, Q; Gao, Y; Gao, Z; Garzia, I; Geng, C; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, Y; Guo, Y P; Haddadi, Z; Hafner, A; Han, S; Han, Y L; Hao, X Q; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, Z Y; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, C; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Hu, Y; Huang, G M; Huang, G S; Huang, H P; Huang, J S; Huang, X T; Huang, Y; Hussain, T; Ji, Q; Ji, Q P; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L L; Jiang, L W; Jiang, X S; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Johansson, T; Julin, A; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kang, X L; Kang, X S; Kavatsyuk, M; Ke, B C; Kliemt, R; Kloss, B; Kolcu, O B; Kopf, B; Kornicer, M; Kuehn, W; Kupsc, A; Lai, W; Lange, J S; Lara, M; Larin, P; Leng, C; Li, C H; Li, Cheng; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, Jin; Li, K; Li, Lei; Li, P R; Li, T; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X M; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Liao, G R; Lin, D X; Liu, B J; Liu, C X; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J P; Liu, J Y; Liu, K; Liu, K Y; Liu, L D; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, X X; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lou, X C; Lu, H J; Lu, J G; Lu, R Q; Lu, Y; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lv, M; Lyu, X R; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, L L; Ma, Q M; Ma, S; Ma, T; Ma, X N; Ma, X Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Malik, Q A; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Marcello, S; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Min, T J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Mo, Y J; Morales, C Morales; Moriya, K; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nerling, F; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Nisar, S; Niu, S L; Niu, X Y; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Pu, Y N; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, L Q; Qin, N; Qin, X S; Qin, Y; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Redmer, C F; Ren, H L; Ripka, M; Rong, G; Ruan, X D; Santoro, V; Sarantsev, A; Savrié, M; Schoenning, K; Schumann, S; Shan, W; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, P X; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Song, W M; Song, X Y; Sosio, S; Spataro, S; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Tiemens, M; Toth, D; Ullrich, M; Uman, I; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, B L; Wang, D; Wang, D Y; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, Q J; Wang, S G; Wang, W; Wang, X F; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z H; Wang, Z Y; Weber, T; Wei, D H; Wei, J B; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, S P; Wiedner, U; Wolke, M; Wu, L H; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xia, Y; Xiao, D; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, L; Xu, Q J; Xu, Q N; Xu, X P; Xu, Z R; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, W C; Yan, Y H; Yang, H X; Yang, L; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, H; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yin, J H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, H W; Yu, J S; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, W L; Yuan, Y; Yuncu, A; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J J; Zhang, J L; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, K; Zhang, L; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y T; Zhang, Z H; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, J W; Zhao, J Y; Zhao, J Z; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, W J; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhou, L; Zhou, Li; Zhou, X; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhou, X Y; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, S; Zhu, X L; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zotti, L; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

    2015-01-01

    We report the observation of the $X(3823)$ in the process $e^+e^-\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-X(3823) \\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\gamma\\chi_{c1}$ with a statistical significance of $6.2\\sigma$, in data samples at center-of-mass energies $\\sqrt{s}=$4.230, 4.260, 4.360, 4.420 and 4.600~GeV collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII electron positron collider. The measured mass of the $X(3823)$ is $(3821.7\\pm 1.3\\pm 0.7)$~MeV/$c^2$, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic, and the width is less than $16$~MeV at the 90\\% confidence level. The products of the Born cross sections for $e^+e^-\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-X(3823)$ and the branching ratio $\\mathcal{B}[X(3823)\\to \\gamma\\chi_{c1,c2}]$ are also measured. These measurements are in good agreement with the assignment of the $X(3823)$ as the $\\psi(1^3D_2)$ charmonium state.

  8. Functional Assessment of αEβ7/E-cadherin Interactions in the Steady State Postnatal Thymus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan E. Prockop

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available T cell differentiation in the thymus depends on sequential interactions between lymphoid progenitors and stromal cells in discrete regions of the cortex. Here, we show that despite αEβ7 expression by a subset of the earliest intrathymic precursors (and E-cadherin expression by thymic stroma, interaction of these elements is not required for proper localization of early progenitors into the cortex, or for successful steady state differentiation. These findings indicate that despite in vitro data demonstrating αEβ7 mediated adhesion and proliferation of intrathymic T cell precursor populations, T lymphocyte development can proceed independently of αEβ7/E-cadherin interactions.

  9. Performance of SMAP, AMSR-E and LAI for weekly agricultural drought forecasting over continental United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Di; Mishra, Ashok K.; Yu, Zhongbo; Yang, Chuanguo; Konapala, Goutam; Vu, Tue

    2017-10-01

    This study applied support vector machines (SVMs) and data assimilation (DA) methods to investigate the performance of in-situ and remotely sensed products (i.e., leaf area index (LAI), AMSR-E and SMAP soil moisture retrievals) for near-real time agricultural drought forecasting for in-situ stations located in continental United States (CONUS). The agricultural drought was quantified using soil water deficit index (SWDI) derived based on available soil moisture and basic soil water parameters. It is observed that SVMs or SVM-DA with limited meteorological variables as inputs able to forecast SWDI at most of the in-situ stations up to 1-2-week lead time. Addition of remotely sensed products (i.e., LAI, AMSR-E, SMAP) either individually or simultaneously as inputs to SVMs can able to improve SWDI forecast at most of the stations where the strong relationship exists between LAI (and/or AMSR-E, SMAP) with SWDI. Such improvement can persist up to 2-4-week lead time at some of the stations. But the efficiency tends to decrease with the increase in lead time. The addition of both LAI and SMAP (AMSR-E) performs better than the independent addition of LAI or SMAP (AMSR-E). Typically, the performance of drought prediction varies at local scales; therefore it is difficult to generalize our findings at regional scale.

  10. Heterogeneity and Seroprevalence of a Newly Identified Avian Hepatitis E Virus from Chickens in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, F. F.; Haqshenas, G.; Shivaprasad, H L; Guenette, D. K.; Woolcock, P. R.; Larsen, C. T.; Pierson, F.W.; F Elvinger; Toth, T. E.; Meng, X. J.

    2002-01-01

    We recently identified and characterized a novel virus, designated avian hepatitis E virus (avian HEV), from chickens with hepatitis-splenomegaly syndrome (HS syndrome) in the United States. Avian HEV is genetically related to but distinct from human and swine HEVs. To determine the extent of genetic variation and the seroprevalence of avian HEV infection in chicken flocks, we genetically identified and characterized 11 additional avian HEV isolates from chickens with HS syndrome and assessed...

  11. Omalizumab, an anti-immunoglobulin E antibody: state of the art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Incorvaia C

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Cristoforo Incorvaia,1 Marina Mauro,2 Marina Russello,2 Chiara Formigoni,3 Gian Galeazzo Riario-Sforza,1 Erminia Ridolo41Allergy/Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Istituti Clinici di Perfezionamento Hospital, Milan, Italy; 2Allergy Unit, 3Scientific Library, Sant'Anna Hospital, Como, Italy; 4Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma, Parma, ItalyAbstract: A large number of trials show that the anti-immunoglobulin (Ig E antibody omalizumab is very effective in patients with severe allergic asthma. This is acknowledged in consensus documents. The drug also has a good safety profile and a pharmacoeconomic advantage due to a reduction in the number of hospitalizations for asthma attacks. In recent years, some studies have shown that omalizumab is effective also in nonallergic asthma. Effects on the complex signaling mechanisms leading to activation of effector cells and to mediator release may account for this outcome. Indeed, omalizumab has been reported to be effective in a number of IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated disorders. Concerning the former, clinical efficacy has been observed in rhinitis, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, latex allergy, atopic dermatitis, allergic urticaria, and anaphylaxis. In addition, omalizumab has been demonstrated to be able to prevent systemic reactions to allergen immunotherapy, thus enabling completion of treatment in patients who otherwise would have to stop it. Concerning non-IgE-mediated disorders, omalizumab has been reported to be effective in nasal polyposis, autoimmune urticaria, chronic idiopathic urticaria, physical urticaria, idiopathic angioedema, and mastocytosis. Current indications for treatment with omalizumab are confined to severe allergic asthma. Consequently, any other prescription can only be off-label. However, it is reasonable to expect that the use of omalizumab will be approved for particularly important indications, such as anaphylaxis, in the near future

  12. Coherent-states dynamics of the H{sup +} + HF reaction at E{sub Lab} = 30 eV: A complete electron nuclear dynamics investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maiti, Buddhadev [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University, P.O. Box 41061, Lubbock, TX 79409-1061 (United States); Sadeghi, Raymond [Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249-0698 (United States); Austin, Anthony [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University, P.O. Box 41061, Lubbock, TX 79409-1061 (United States); Morales, Jorge A. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University, P.O. Box 41061, Lubbock, TX 79409-1061 (United States)], E-mail: jorge.morales@ttu.edu

    2007-11-09

    Results of a complete investigation of the H{sup +} + HF reaction at E{sub Lab} = 30 eV with the electron nuclear dynamics (END) and the coherent-states dynamics (CSD) theories are herein presented. Current END-CSD methodology employs frozen Gaussian wave packet in the semiclassical limit of h {yields} 0 for the nuclei, and a single-determinantal Thouless coherent state (CS) for the electrons. The simulated 400 CS trajectories from five independent HF target orientations provide a complete description of the reactive processes in this system, including: non-charge-transfer scattering (NCTS), charge-transfer scattering (CTS), hydrogen fluoride dissociation (H-F D), and hydrogen rearrangement (HR). Several aspects of the reactions dynamics, such as mechanistic details and rainbow angles effects, are discussed. Differential and integral cross sections are evaluated via a novel CS formulation of those properties in conjunction with semiclassical techniques. The calculated total differential cross section shows an excellent agreement with available experimental results.

  13. Estado de fluxo em praticantes de escalada e skate downhill Flow state in climbing and skate downhill practitioners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenamar Fiorese Vieira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar a prevalência do estado de fluxo em praticantes de escalada e skate downhill. Foram sujeitos 37 praticantes. Como instrumentos foram utilizadas a Escala de Motivação para o Esporte (SMS e a Ficha de Percepção de Capacidade de Realização da Tarefa. A coleta foi realizada nos locais de prática das atividades. Para análise dos dados foram utilizados Shapiro-Wilk, Mann-Whitney e Anova one-way. Os resultados demonstraram: 4,54% dos praticantes de escalada e 13,33% de skate downhill atingiram os elementos do estado de fluxo; a maioria dos praticantes situou-se entre a fase de fluxo estados de ansiedade ou relaxamento e exaltação ou controle; o tempo de prática contribuiu para atingir metas e estado de fluxo. Concluiu-se: o estado de Fluxo teve baixa incidência nos praticantes, havendo interferência da falta de equilíbrio entre percepção das metas, habilidades e desafios nas atividades de aventura.This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Flow state in climbing and skate downhill practitioners. The subjects were 37 practitioners. The instruments used were the Sport Motivations Scale (SMS and Perception Capacity Achievement Task Form. Data collection was performed at the locations of these practice activities. For data analysis it was used the Shapiro-Wilk, Mann-Whitney and Anova one-way. The results showed: 4,54% of climbing practitioners and 13,33% of skate-downhill reached flow state elements; most of practitioners prevailed between the flow phase of anxiety or relaxation and phase of exaltation or control; and the practice time contributed to reach goals and Flow State. It was concluded that the Flow State had low prevalence in practitioners with interference of lack of balance between the perception of the goals, skills and challenges in the adventure activities.

  14. United States Air Force F-35A Operational Basing Environmental Impact Statement. Appendix E: Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Loretta Dow Marriott Sunday, July 14, 2013 9:13PM Germanos, Nicholas M Civ USAF HQ ACC/A7NS I oppose F-35s for BTV I oppose the basing of F-35s at...Loretta Marriott 1 E-551 Germanos, Nicholas M Civ USAF HQ ACC/A7NS From: Sent: To: Subject: Sunday, July 14, 2013 9:15PM Germanos, Nicholas...Leslie and Jim Mooney 1 E-552 Germanos, Nicholas M Civ USAF HQ ACC/A7NS From: Sent: To: Subject: Mr. Germanos) Loretta Dow Marriott Sunday, July

  15. Crime organizado, estado e segurança internacional Organized crime, the state and international security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Cepik

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo versa sobre o crime organizado internacional, buscando debater seus atributos conceituais e avaliá-lo do ponto de vista da segurança internacional. O problema norteador do trabalho é compreender o fundamento e as consequências da interação entre autoridade política e crime organizado, analisando, de um lado, as implicações da criminalidade organizada para a soberania e, de outro, as ações governamentais e internacionais para controlar essas organizações. Nesse sentido, argumentamos que as capacidades de poder acumuladas pelo crime, na medida em que o próprio processo de consolidação do Estado impede que as organizações criminosas possam almejar substituírem o Estado, são funcionais ao seu objetivo primário de enriquecimento ilícito. O desenvolvimento do crime organizado não é exógeno à vida em sociedade ou patológico, e sim parte constituinte da estrutura social, mantendo uma relação parasitária com a ordem estabelecida. Como o crime organizado tem implicações negativas sobre a capacidade de o Estado prover segurança e bem-estar para a sociedade, debatemos as ações policiais, judiciárias e de inteligência a que recorrem os governos como meio para controlar as organizações criminosas. No âmbito internacional, verifica-se que há cooperação multilateral e bilateral na matéria, mas que essa agenda não configura um ambiente de cooperação irrestrita, visto que, assim como internamente, há interesses divergentes e assimetria na distribuição dos custos e dos benefícios da ação conjunta.The present article analyzes international organized crime as an international security problem. Its main purpose is to comprehend the rationale and the consequences of the interaction between political authority and organized crime, analyzing the implications of organized crime for sovereignty as well as domestic and international measures to control such organizations. The central argument is that

  16. E-Cigarette Topics Shared by Medical Professionals: A Comparison of Tweets from the United States and United Kingdom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glowacki, Elizabeth M; Lazard, Allison J; Wilcox, Gary B

    2017-02-01

    Medical professionals are now relying on social media platforms like Twitter to express their recommendations for the use or avoidance of products like electronic cigarettes (e-cigs), which may have long-term health consequences for users. The goal of this study is to compare how physicians from the United States and the United Kingdom talk about e-cigs on Twitter and identify the topics that these groups perceive as salient. Comparing tweets from the U.S. and U.K. will allow for a better understanding of how medical professionals from these countries differ in their attitudes toward e-cigs. This information can be also used to inform policies designed to regulate the use of e-cigs. Using a text-mining program, we analyzed approximately 3,800 original tweets sent by physicians from the U.S. and the U.K. within a 1-year time span (June 2015 through June 2016). The program clustered the tweets by topics, which allowed us to categorize the topics by importance. Both sets of tweets contained debates about the degree to which e-cigs pose a threat to health, but the U.S. tweets emphasized the dangers of e-cig use for teens, while the U.K. tweets focused more on the potential that e-cigs have to be used as a smoking cessation aid. Doctors are using Twitter to share timely information about the potential risks, benefits, and regulations associated with e-cigs. Evaluating these tweets allows researchers to collect information about topics that doctors find important and make comparisons about how medical professionals from the U.S. and the U.K. regard e-cigs.

  17. Value Positions in E-government strategies: Something is (not) changing in the state of Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, John Stouby; Reinwald, Anja Kaldahl; Skorve, Espen

    2017-01-01

    Clarifying what value new information systems (IS) may help to create for government organizations and society is a central concern in the public sector. National e-government strategies present such efforts to clarify the value entailed by IS, however, what is considered valuable is influenced...

  18. Transfer RNA in the hybrid P/E state: correlating molecular dynamics simulations with cryo-EM data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wen; Frank, Joachim

    2007-10-16

    Transfer RNA (tRNA) transiently occupies the hybrid P/E state (P/E-tRNA) when mRNA-tRNA are translocated in the ribosome. In this study, we characterize the structure of P/E-tRNA and its interactions with the ribosome by correlating the results from molecular dynamics simulations on free tRNA with the cryo-EM map of P/E-tRNA. In our approach, we show that the cryo-EM map may be interpreted as a conformational average. Along the molecular dynamics trajectories (44 ns, 18 ns, and 18 ns), some of the snapshots prove to be quite close to the observed density. In a representative structure, the CCA (3') arm is uniquely twisted, and the anticodon stem loop is kinked at the junctions to both the anticodon loop and the D stem. In addition, the map shows that the P/E-tRNA is no longer bound to helix H69 of 23S rRNA and is flexible, and the conformations of helices H68 and h44 of 16S rRNA differ from those in the x-ray structure. Thus, our study presents structural and dynamic information on the P/E-tRNA and characterizes its interactions with the translocating ribosome.

  19. Direct Observation of the E_ Resonant State in GaAs1-xBix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alberi, Kirstin; Beaton, Daniel A.; Mascarenhas, Angelo

    2015-12-15

    Bismuth-derived resonant states with T2 symmetry are detected in the valence band of GaAs1-xBix using electromodulated reflectance. A doublet is located 42 meV below the valence band edge of GaAs that is split by local strain around isolated Bi impurity atoms. A transition associated with a singlet is also observed just above the GaAs spin orbit split-off band. These states move deeper into the valence band with increasing Bi concentration but at a much slower rate than the well-known giant upward movement of the valence band edge in GaAs1-xBix. Our results provide key new insights for clarifying the mechanisms by which isovalent impurities alter the bandstructure of the host semiconductor.

  20. Cross-border Shopping and State Use Tax Liabilities: Evidence from eBay Transactions

    OpenAIRE

    James Alm; Melnik, Mikhail I.

    2012-01-01

    Online commerce presents consumers with a convenient way of shopping outside of their local jurisdiction, and this online purchase decision is capable of affecting in significant ways the sales and use tax collections of state governments. However, the actual revenue impact has proven difficult to estimate. There is considerable work that examines the revenue impact of seller compliance with sales taxes. However, there is little work on buyer compliance with use taxes. In this paper we invest...

  1. Roraima State: energy and alternatives to the future; Roraima: energia e alternativas para o futuro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-10-01

    Report made by the Conselho Indigena de Roraima by and large with the Comissao Pro-Indio of Sao Paulo, addressed to the indigenous populations who lives near from the hydroelectric power plant on the state of Roraima, giving information about damns construction, energy electric uses, description of Hydroelectric and thermoelectric functioning, the energy program, electric energy landscape now and in the future, are presented. The work, was developed as support to meetings with the indigenous leaders. 7 figs.

  2. First identification of the 0{sub 2}{sup +} state in {sup 30}Mg via its E0 transition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwerdtfeger, Wolfgang Norbert Erik

    2008-08-28

    The known 1789 keV level in {sup 30}Mg turned out to be a candidate for the 0{sub 2}{sup +} state due to its long lifetime of 3.9(4) ns and the absence of a {gamma} transition to the ground state. This triggered our search on the 0{sub 2}{sup +}{yields}0{sub 1}{sup +} E0 transition in {sup 30}Mg following the {beta} decay of {sup 30}Na: {beta} decay electrons were detected in a scintillation detector, while conversion electrons were focused onto a cooled Si(Li) detector using a Mini-Orange and detected with high resolution, which simultaneously suppresses the high background of {beta} decay electrons. Due to the large Q value of the {beta} decay of {sup 30}Na (17.3 MeV) the suppression of the coincident background induced by high-energy {gamma} rays and subsequently Compton-scattered electrons turned out to be the key challenge for the success of this experiment. In order to optimise the background suppression and thus the sensitivity to weak E0 transitions, offline test measurements using an {sup 90}Y and a {sup 152}Eu source were performed together with GEANT4 simulations. Resulting from these test measurements a highly sensitive experimental setup was designed and built, consequently minimising the amount of high-Z material in the target chamber, reducing X-ray production. As a by-product from test measurements the database value of the half-life of the 0{sub 2}{sup +} state in {sup 90}Zr could be corrected by more than 30 % to be t{sub 1/2}=41(1) ns. Finally, in a {beta} decay experiment at the ISOLDE facility at CERN the 0{sub 2}{sup +}{yields}0{sub 1}{sup +} E0 transition in {sup 30}Mg could be identified at the expected transition energy of 1788 keV proving for the first time shape coexistence at the borderline of the 'Island of Inversion'. This identification allows to determine the electric monopole strength as {rho}{sup 2}(E0)=26.2(7.5) x 10{sup -3}, indicating a rather weak mixing between the states in two potential minima in a simplified two

  3. Transition State Charge Stabilization and Acid-Base Catalysis of mRNA Cleavage by the Endoribonuclease RelE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunican, Brian F; Hiller, David A; Strobel, Scott A

    2015-12-01

    The bacterial toxin RelE is a ribosome-dependent endoribonuclease. It is part of a type II toxin-antitoxin system that contributes to antibiotic resistance and biofilm formation. During amino acid starvation, RelE cleaves mRNA in the ribosomal A-site, globally inhibiting protein translation. RelE is structurally similar to microbial RNases that employ general acid-base catalysis to facilitate RNA cleavage. The RelE active site is atypical for acid-base catalysis, in that it is enriched with positively charged residues and lacks the prototypical histidine-glutamate catalytic pair, making the mechanism of mRNA cleavage unclear. In this study, we use a single-turnover kinetic analysis to measure the effect of pH and phosphorothioate substitution on the rate constant for cleavage of mRNA by wild-type RelE and seven active-site mutants. Mutation and thio effects indicate a major role for stabilization of increased negative change in the transition state by arginine 61. The wild-type RelE cleavage rate constant is pH-independent, but the reaction catalyzed by many of the mutants is strongly dependent on pH, suggestive of general acid-base catalysis. pH-rate curves indicate that wild-type RelE operates with the pK(a) of at least one catalytic residue significantly downshifted by the local environment. Mutation of any single active-site residue is sufficient to disrupt this microenvironment and revert the shifted pK(a) back above neutrality. pH-rate curves are consistent with K54 functioning as a general base and R81 as a general acid. The capacity of RelE to effect a large pK(a) shift and facilitate a common catalytic mechanism by uncommon means furthers our understanding of other atypical enzymatic active sites.

  4. Estado e sociedade e as reconfigurações do direito à saúde State and society and the new configurations of the right to health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amélia Cohn

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio resgata algumas das principais discussões travadas na literatura das ciências sociais sobre as relações entre Estado, sociedade civil e participação social nas políticas de saúde. O recorte adotado é a dimensão política propriamente dita, deixando-se à parte - embora seja igualmente relevante - a participação da sociedade na provisão e produção de serviços de saúde. Os principais eixos de análise são as implicações sociais e políticas da opção pela perspectiva da pobreza ou da desigualdade; os movimentos sociais e os direitos sociais; e a relação Estado/sociedade num contexto de destituição de direitos. Privilegia-se a ótica da instituição da cidadania da perspectiva da justiça e da eqüidade social frente à diversidade e ao pluralismo que marcam as sociedades contemporâneas, em especial a brasileira, dadas as enormes desigualdades sociais que a caracterizam. A última sessão retoma de forma sucinta alguns dos principais traços que vêm marcando a experiência da participação social nos Conselhos de Saúde apontados pelas numerosas análises a respeito, sem no entanto se fazer um balanço dessa literatura quanto aos marcos teóricos e metodológicos aí presentes.The present essay in which the author seeks to reintroduce some of the main discussions within the social sciences literature on the relationship among state and civil society, and which can contribute for a reflection about social involvement in health policies. In this regard, the focus is on the political dimension proper of this relationship, putting aside - despite its relevance - society's participation on the provision of health services. The main axes of the analysis are the social and political implications in choosing the poverty or inequality perspective; social movements and social rights; and the state/society relationship in a context lacking basic rights. Attention is given to the institutionalization of citizenship

  5. Stato e società civile in Gramsci (State and Civil Society in Gramsci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido LIGUORI

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Gramsci is not, as at times has been said, the “theoretician of civil society”. Central to his reflections in the Prison Notebooks is instead the concept of the “integral State” or “extended State”, the dialectical union of State and civil society which allowed him to interpret the new social and political situation typical of much of the twentieth century. This new situation is characterized, on the one hand, by a new relationship between the economy and politics and, on the other, by the growing importance of the “apparatuses of consent” flanking the State’s traditional repressive apparatuses. For Gramsci the apparatuses of consent are sometimes public and sometimes apparently private but, in any case, their function is the same, namely to reinforce the hegemony of the dominant class, and to propagate a traditional common sense, thereby making it difficult to challenge the given set-ups of power. Since there has been a change in the State – the terrain of the struggle for power – the concept of revolution must also change: this is no longer an isolated insurrectionary event, as it was in the nineteenth century, but a long struggle for the conquest of “trenches and emplacements”, in other words the conquest of the centres that produce and extend consent.

  6. United States Air Force F-35A Operational Basing Environmental Impact Statement. Appendix E: Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Burlington has epilepsy and l oud noises can cause her to have a seizure . We do not need thi s noise in Ver mont. Judy Galloway 1 E-858 Germanos...mi litary. The planes are the sound of pride and freedom . Freedom isn’t f ree but it’s worth t he effort. Please keep up your efforts to bring the F...fight for and keep our freedom , I do think that all logistical , health , and social concerns must be looked at when proposing a basing of this nature

  7. United States Air Force F-35A Operational Basing Environmental Impact Statement. Appendix E: Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    economically from the members who travel i.e. hotels /motels/ restaurants .This brings i n a great amount of revenue to the locality. Militarily...regularly f ly over my house . Yes they are noisy . Will the F35 be noisier? Yes I am told. Do I care about t he noise? I certainly do but beli eve...There are fewer and fewer places in our world that are quiet. New England has been a haven for much needed for people who wish to escape noisy

  8. E-mail use by the faculty members, students and staff of Saudi Arabian and Gulf states Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fahad Alturise

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Electronic mail systems (Email constitute one of the most important communication and business tools that people employ. Email in the workplace can help a business improve its productivity. Many organisations now rely on email to manage internal communications as well as other communication and business processes and procedures. This paper compares email use by university stakeholders (i.e. faculty members, staff and students between Saudi Arabia on one hand, and the Gulf States - Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE and Bahrain – on the other. A questionnaire that was expertreviewed and pilot-tested, was used to collect data from ten universities in Saudi Arabia and five universities in the Gulf States. Slight differences emerged in the Saudi Arabia and Gulf States universities’ stakeholders’ use of email in terms of having email, frequency of checking email, and skills in using email. The Saudi Arabian universities must improve their IT infrastructure, including the provision of suitable connection networks and formal training of staff in utilising IT resources. This study’s findings aim to advise the Saudi Arabian and Gulf States’ universities on their plans and programmes for e-learning and the consolidation of required resources.

  9. Ground state bands of the E(5) and X(5) critical symmetries obtained from Davidson potentials through a variational procedure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonatsos, Dennis; Lenis, D.; Minkov, N.; Petrellis, D.; Raychev, P.P.; Terziev, P.A

    2004-03-25

    Davidson potentials of the form {beta}{sup 2}+{beta}{sub 0}{sup 4}/{beta}{sup 2}, when used in the original Bohr Hamiltonian for {gamma}-independent potentials bridge the U(5) and O(6) symmetries. Using a variational procedure, we determine for each value of angular momentum L the value of {beta}{sub 0} at which the derivative of the energy ratio R{sub L}=E(L)/E(2) with respect to {beta}{sub 0} has a sharp maximum, the collection of R{sub L} values at these points forming a band which practically coincides with the ground state band of the E(5) model, corresponding to the critical point in the shape phase transition from U(5) to O(6). The same potentials, when used in the Bohr Hamiltonian after separating variables as in the X(5) model, bridge the U(5) and SU(3) symmetries, the same variational procedure leading to a band which practically coincides with the ground state band of the X(5) model, corresponding to the critical point of the U(5) to SU(3) shape phase transition. A new derivation of the Holmberg-Lipas formula for nuclear energy spectra is obtained as a by-product.

  10. Ground State Bands of the E(5) and X(5) Critical Symmetries Obtained from Davidson Potentials through a Variational Procedure

    CERN Document Server

    Bonatsos, D; Minkov, N; Petrellis, D; Raychev, P P; Terziev, P A; Bonatsos, Dennis

    2004-01-01

    Davidson potentials of the form $\\beta^2 +\\beta_0^4/\\beta^2$, when used in the original Bohr Hamiltonian for $\\gamma$-independent potentials bridge the U(5) and O(6) symmetries. Using a variational procedure, we determine for each value of angular momentum $L$ the value of $\\beta_0$ at which the derivative of the energy ratio $R_L=E(L)/E(2)$ with respect to $\\beta_0$ has a sharp maximum, the collection of $R_L$ values at these points forming a band which practically coincides with the ground state band of the E(5) model, corresponding to the critical point in the shape phase transition from U(5) to O(6). The same potentials, when used in the Bohr Hamiltonian after separating variables as in the X(5) model, bridge the U(5) and SU(3) symmetries, the same variational procedure leading to a band which practically coincides with the ground state band of the X(5) model, corresponding to the critical point of the U(5) to SU(3) shape phase transition. A new derivation of the Holmberg-Lipas formula for nuclear energy ...

  11. NIETZSCHE: APOLO E O ESTADO PARA PROMOÇÃO DA CULTURA NIETZSCHE: APOLLO AND THE STATE IN CULTURE'S FOMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Delbó

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Os escritos de Nietzsche, contemporâneos a O nascimento da
    tragédia
    , esclarecem as preocupações do jovem filósofo com as condições políticas para uma verdadeira cultura. O par Apolo e Dionisio, opostos que se integram na religiosidade grega, como potências da natureza, resulta esteticamente na arte trágica, e politicamente em um Estado guerreiro. Assim Nietzsche atribui aos gregos a capacidade para a criação de cultura: arte, Estado e religião, unidos pela vontade artística da natureza, impulsionadora da vida de um povo.The Nietzsche’s writings of the period of The birth of tragedy informs
    about the young philosopher’s concerns with the requisite political
    conditions for a true culture. The pair Apollo and Dionysus, in opposition and harmonized in Greek religiosity, as powers of the nature, results aesthetically in the tragic art, and politically results in a warlike State. Nietzsche assigns to Greeks the capacity to create a culture: art, state and religion jointed by the artistic will of nature, which impels the life of a nation.

  12. Electric automation history and state of the art; Historia da automacao eletrica e estado da arte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendes, M.F. [Itaipu Binacional, Foz do Iguacu, PR (Brazil). Div. de Engenharia Eletronica e Sistemas de Controle], E-mail: mendes@ieee.org; Jardini, J.A. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (PEA/EP/USP), SP (Brazil). Escola Politecnica. Dept. de Engenharia de Energia e Automacao Eletricas], E-mail: jardini@pea.usp.br

    2009-07-01

    The article summarizes the history of electric systems automation, used in hydroelectric power plants, since the rise to the present day. Technologies are presented employed at various times, developments, the difference and the reasons for evolution. The emphasis is on today's modern systems technology, covering: communication, standardization, hardware, software, architecture, maintenance, operation and challenges. This work pretend to give subsidies for the design and implementation of automation systems electricity using state of the art. The scope are the new plants as well as those being modernized. Knowledge of history is important to investigate, to plan and evaluate the costs and benefits of automation systems for new electric plants and those that are undergoing processes technological upgrading.

  13. Subclinical avian hepatitis E virus infection in layer flocks in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Priscilla F; Trampel, Darrell W; Willinghan, Eric M; Billam, Padma; Meng, Xiang-Jin; Opriessnig, Tanja

    2015-12-01

    The objective of this study was to determine patterns of avian HEV infection in naturally infected chicken farms. A total of 310 serum samples and 62 pooled fecal samples were collected from 62 chicken flocks on seven commercial in-line egg farms in the Midwestern United States and tested for avian HEV circulation. Serum samples were tested for the presence of anti-avian HEV IgY antibodies by a fluorescent microbead immunoassay (FMIA) which was developed for this study. The FMIA was validated using archived samples of chickens with known exposure (n = 96) and compared to the results obtained with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on the same capture antigen. There was an overall substantial agreement between the two assays (κ = 0.63) with earlier detection of positive chickens by the FMIA (P = 0.04). On the seven farms investigated, the overall prevalence of anti-avian HEV IgY antibodies in serum samples from commercial chickens was 44.8% (20-82% per farm). Fecal samples were tested for avian HEV RNA by a nested reverse-transcriptase PCR. The overall detection rate of avian HEV RNA in fecal samples was 62.9% (0-100% per farm). Sequencing analyses of partial helicase and capsid genes showed that different avian HEV genotype 2 strains were circulating within a farm. However, no correlation was found between avian HEV RNA detection and egg production, egg weight or mortality. In conclusion, avian HEV infection is widespread among clinically healthy laying hens in the United States.

  14. The digital divide in public e-health: barriers to accessibility and privacy in state health department websites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Darrell M; Miller, Edward Alan

    2006-08-01

    State health departments have placed a tremendous amount of information, data, and services online in recent years. With the significant increase in online resources at official health sites, though, have come questions concerning equity of access and the confidentiality of electronic medical materials. This paper reports on an examination of public health department websites maintained by the 50 state governments. Using a content analysis of health department sites undertaken each year from 2000 to 2005, we investigate several dimensions of accessibility and privacy: readability levels, disability access, non-English accessibility, and the presence of privacy and security statements. We argue that although progress has been made at improving the accessibility and confidentiality of health department electronic resources, there remains much work to be done to ensure quality access for all Americans in the area of public e-health.

  15. Search for the standard model higgs boson in eτ final states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howley, Ian James [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States)

    2013-05-01

    Presented in this dissertation is a search for the standard model (SM) Higgs boson using the DØ detector at Fermilab in Batavia, IL. The SM is a fantastically accurate theory describing the fundamental interactions and particles of the Universe. The only undiscovered particle in the SM is the Higgs boson, which is hypothesized to be responsible for electroweak symmetry breaking and giving mass to all other particles. Considered in this search is the process H + X → eτhjj, where e is an electron, τh is the hadronic decay of a tau, and j is a jet, using p $\\bar{p}$ collisions at center of mass energy√s = 1.96 TeV. This search includes three production modes: associated production, gluon fusion and vector boson fusion. It also utilizes two decay channels: H→ ττ and H → WW. A new technique, dubbed the Global Boosted Decision Tree, is introduced which offers a means of providing continuity to a multivariate search as a function of a particular parameter, in this case, the mass of the Higgs boson. The observed (expected) limit on the ratio of cross section times branching fraction to the SM at 95% confidence level is 14.6 (16.0) at mH = 125 GeV. This result is combined with the related channel H + X → μτhjj and produced an observed (expected) limit of 9.0 (11.3) at mH = 125 GeV.

  16. Economia e política na reforma do Estado Economics and politics of the state reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Lattman-Weltman

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Defende-se um tratamento propriamente político dos problemas de implementação da reforma do Estado, contra posições "tecnocráticas". Enfatiza-se a dimensão da informação e analisa-se o papel estratégico dos meios de comunicação no processo.The political dimension of the state reform process is vindicated against "technocratic" views. Special attention is given to the information process and the estrategic role of the communication midia is emphasized.

  17. Guidebook of the Western United States: Part E - The Denver & Rio Grande Western Route

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Marius R.

    1922-01-01

    The United States of America comprise an area so vast in extent and so diverse in natural features as well as in characters due to human agency that the American citizen who knows thoroughly his own country must have traveled widely and observed wisely. To 'know America first' is a patriotic obligation, but to meet this obligation the railroad traveler needs to have his eyes directed toward the more important or essential things within his field of vision and then to have much that he sees explained by what is unseen in the swift passage of the train. Indeed, many things that attract his attention are inexplicable except as the story of the past is available to enable him to interpret the present. Herein lie the value and the charm of history, whether human or geologic. The present stimulus given to travel in the home country will encourage many thousands of Americans to study geography at first hand. To make this study most profitable the traveler needs a handbook that will answer the questions that come to his mind so readily along the way. Furthermore, the aim of such a guide should be to stimulate the eye in the selection of the essentials in the scene that so rapidly unfolds itself in the crossing of the continent. In recognition of the opportunity to render service of this kind to an unusually large number of American citizens, as well as to visitors from other countries, the United States Geological Survey has published a series of guidebooks covering four of the older railroad routes west of the Mississippi. The present volume is an addition to this series and covers one of the finest scenic routes of the continent. These books are educational in purpose, but the method adopted is to entertain the traveler by making more interesting what he sees from the car window. The plan of the series is to present authoritative information that may enable the reader to realize adequately the scenic and material resources of the region he is traversing, to comprehend

  18. NuSTAR and integral observations of a low/hard state of 1E1740.7-2942

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Natalucci, Lorenzo; Bazzano, Angela; Fiocchi, Mariateresa; Ubertini, Pietro [Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, INAF, via del Fosso del Cavaliere, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Tomsick, John A.; Boggs, Steven E.; Craig, William W.; Krivonos, Roman [Space Sciences Laboratory, 7 Gauss Way, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Smith, David M. [Physics Department and Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Bachetti, Matteo; Barret, Didier [Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, Toulouse (France); Christensen, Finn E. [DTU Space, National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Elektrovej 327, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Fürst, Felix; Grefenstette, Brian W.; Harrison, Fiona A. [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Hailey, Charles J. [Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Kuulkers, Erik [European Space Astronomy Centre (ESA/ESAC), Science Operations Department, E-28691 Villanueva de la Cañada (Madrid) (Spain); Miller, Jon M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Pottschmidt, Katja [CRESST and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Astrophysics Science Division, Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Stern, Daniel, E-mail: lorenzo.natalucci@iaps.inaf.it [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); and others

    2014-01-01

    The microquasar 1E1740.7-2942, also known as the 'Great Annihilator,' was observed by NuSTAR in the summer of 2012. We have analyzed in detail two observations taken ∼2 weeks apart, for which we measure hard and smooth spectra typical of the low/hard state. A few weeks later the source flux declined significantly. Nearly simultaneous coverage by INTEGRAL is available from its Galactic Center monitoring campaign lasting ∼2.5 months. These data probe the hard state spectrum from 1E1740.7-2942 before the flux decline. We find good agreement between the spectra taken with IBIS/ISGRI and NuSTAR, with the measurements being compatible with a change in flux with no spectral variability. We present a detailed analysis of the NuSTAR spectral and timing data and upper limits for reflection of the high energy emission. We show that the high energy spectrum of this X-ray binary is well described by thermal Comptonization.

  19. NuSTAR and INTEGRAL observations of a low/hard state of 1E1740.7-2942

    CERN Document Server

    Natalucci, Lorenzo; Bazzano, Angela; Smith, David M; Bachetti, Matteo; Barret, Didier; Boggs, Steven E; Christensen, Finn E; Craig, William W; Fiocchi, Mariateresa; Fuerst, Felix; Grefenstette, Brian W; Hailey, Charles J; Harrison, Fiona A; Krivonos, Roman; Kuulkers, Erik; Miller, Jon M; Pottschmidt, Katja; Stern, Daniel; Ubertini, Pietro; Walton, Dominic J; Zhang, William W

    2013-01-01

    The microquasar 1E1740.7-2942, also known as the "Great Annihilator", was observed by NuSTAR in the Summer of 2012. We have analyzed in detail two observations taken ~2 weeks apart, for which we measure hard and smooth spectra typical of the low/hard state. A few weeks later the source flux declined significantly. Nearly simultaneous coverage by INTEGRAL is available from its Galactic Center monitoring campaign lasting ~2.5 months. These data probe the hard state spectrum from 1E1740.7-2942 before the flux decline. We find good agreement between the spectra taken with IBIS/ISGRI and NuSTAR, with the measurements being compatible with a change in flux with no spectral variability. We present a detailed analysis of the NuSTAR spectral and timing data and upper limits for reflection of the high energy emission. We show that the high energy spectrum of this X-ray binary is well described by thermal Comptonization.

  20. J/psi production via initial state radiation in e+ e- --> mu+ mu- gamma at an e+e- center-of-mass energy near 10.6 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, Bernard; Boutigny, D; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kral, J F; Kukartsev, G; Le Clerc, C; Levi, M E; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Romosan, A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Telnov, A V; Wenzel, W A; Ford, K; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Knowles, D J; Morgan, S E; Penny, R C; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schmücker, H; Steinke, M; Barlow, N R; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; MacKay, C; Wilson, F F; Abe, K; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Kyberd, P; McKemey, A K; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Shen, B C; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Kuznetsova, N; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Beringer, J; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Turri, M; Walkowiak, W; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Abe, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Clark, P J; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Roy, J; Smith, J G; Van Hoek, W C; Zhang, L; Harton, J L; Hu, T; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zhang, J; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Colberg, T; Dickopp, M; Dubitzky, R S; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Maly, E; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Wilden, L; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Grenier, P; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Khan, A; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Swain, J E; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Biasini, M; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Falciai, D; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Pioppi, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Morii, M; Won, E; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Eschrich, I; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Sanders, P; Taylor, G P; Grenier, G J; Lee, S J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Yi, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Brigljevic, V; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Coleman, J P; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Kay, M; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Shorthouse, H W; Strother, P; Vidal, P B; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; George, S; Green, M G; Kurup, A; Marker, C E; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Vaitsas, G; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, R J; Forti, A C; Hart, P A; Hodgkinson, M C; Jackson, F; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Weatherall, J H; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Patel, P M; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Cote-Ahern, D; Hast, C; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; LoSecco, J M; Gabriel, T A; Brau, B; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Ocariz, J; Pivk, M; Roos, L; Stark, J; T'Jampens, S; Therin, G; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Del Gamba, V; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Tanaka, H A; Varnes, E W; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Christ, S; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Xella, S M; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Langer, M; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Schott, G; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Yumiceva, F X; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Convery, M R; Coupal, D P; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graugès-Pous, E; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Jessop, C P; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Langenegger, U; Leith, D W G S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Ratcliff, B N; Robertson, S H; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Simi, G; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wright, D H; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Edwards, A J; Meyer, T I; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Borean, C; Bosisio, L; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vitale, L; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Di Lodovico, F; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Sekula, S J; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu Sau Lan; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2004-01-01

    We have used a study of the process e+e- --> mu+ mu- gamma at a center-of-mass energy near the Y(4S) resonance for a mu+ mu- invariant mass range near the J/psi mass to extract the cross section sigma(e+e- --> J/psi gamma --> mu+ mu- gamma). The data set, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 88.4 fb-1, was collected using the BaBar detector at the PEP-II collider. We measure the product Gamma(J/psi --> e+e-)B(J/psi --> mu+ mu-) to be 0.330 +/- 0.008(stat) +/- 0.007(syst) keV. Using the world averages for B(J/psi --> mu+ mu-) and B(J/psi --> e+e-), we derive the J/psi electronic and total widths: Gamma(J/psi --> e+e-)=5.61+/-0.20 keV and Gamma=94.7+/-4.4 keV.

  1. Quantum Chemical Calculations of Torsionally Mediated Hyperfine Splittings in States of E Symmetry of Acetaldehyde (CH_{3}CHO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Li-Hong; Reid, Elias M.; Guislain, Bradley; Hougen, Jon T.; Alekseev, E. A.; Krapivin, Igor

    2017-06-01

    Hyperfine splittings in methanol have been revisited in three recent publications. (i) Coudert et al. [JCP 143 (2015) 044304] published an analysis of splittings observed in the low-J range. They calculated 32 spin-rotation, 32 spin-spin, and 16 spin-torsion hyperfine constants using the ACES2 package. Three of these constants were adjusted to fit hyperfine patterns for 12 transitions. (ii) Three present authors and collaborators [JCP 145 (2016) 024307] analyzed medium to high-J experimental Lamb-dip measurements in methanol and presented a theoretical spin-rotation explanation that was based on torsionally mediated spin-rotation hyperfine operators. These contain, in addition to the usual nuclear spin and overall rotational operators, factors in the torsional angle α of the form {e^{plusmn;{inα}}}. Such operators have non-zero matrix elements between the two components of a torsion-rotation ^{tr}E state, but have zero matrix elements within a ^{tr}A state. More than 55 hyperfine splittings were successfully fitted using three parameters and the fitted values agree well with ab initio values obtained in (i). (iii) Lankhaar et al. [JCP 145 (2016) 244301] published a reanalysis of the data set from (i), using CFOUR recalculated hyperfine constants based on their rederivation of the relevant expressions. They explain why their choice of fixed and floated parameters leads to numerical values for all parameters that seem to be more physical than those in (i). The results in (ii) raise the question of whether large torsionally-mediated spin-rotation splittings will occur in other methyl-rotor-containing molecules. This abstract presents ab initio calculations of torsionally mediated hyperfine splittings in the E states of acetaldehyde using the same three operators as in (ii) and spin-rotation constants computed by Gaussian09. We explored the first 13 K states for J from 10 to 40 and ν_{t} = 0, 1, and 2. Our calculations indicate that hyperfine splittings in CH_{3}CHO

  2. states

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo A. Haddad

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo trata de evaluar algunos impactos espaciales de la actual política comercial de Brasil, especialmente de las relaciones bilaterales de comercio con Argentina, su principal socio en el MERCOSUR. Para realizar esta tarea y evaluar los impactos regionales y sectoriales de las diferentes estrategias de comercio con Argentina, se ha desarrollado e implementado un modelo nacional de equilibrio general computacional (EFES_ARG, integrando con un modelo de comercio interestatal. El análisis de los impactos regionales a corto plazo del comercio bilateral Brasil-Argentina permite concluir que se observa una cierta tendencia a la concentra ción de los niveles de actividad económica en los Estados Brasileños del Sur y del Sureste.

  3. The e+e- to to K+ K- \\pi+\\pi-, K+ K- \\pi0\\pi0 and K+ K- K+ K- Cross Sections Measured with Initial-State Radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Boutigny, D.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Paris U., VI-VII; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Abrams, G.S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Button-Shafer, J.; Cahn, R.N.; /Energy Sci.

    2007-05-04

    We study the processes e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{gamma}, K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{gamma} and K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup +}K{sup -}{gamma}, where the photon is radiated from the initial state. About 34600, 4400 and 2300 fully reconstructed events respectively, are selected from 232 fb{sup -1} of BABAR data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy, so that the K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{gamma} data can be compared with direct measurements of the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{gamma} reaction; no direct measurements exist for the e{sub +}e{sub -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{gamma} or e{sub +}e{sub -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup +}K{sup -} reactions. Studying the structure of these events, we find contributions from a number of intermediate states, and we extract their cross sections where possible. In particular, we isolate the contribution from e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {phi}(1020)f{sub 0}(980) and study its structure near threshold. In the charmonium region, we observe the J/{psi} in all three final states and several intermediate states, as well as the {psi}/(2S) in some modes, and measure the corresponding branching fractions. We see no signal for the Y(4260) and obtain an upper limit of {Beta}{sub Y(4260){yields}{phi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}} {center_dot} {Lambda}{sub ee}{sup Y} < 0.4 eV at 90% C.L.

  4. The $e^+ e^-\\to K^+ K^- \\pi^+\\pi^-$, $K^+ K^- \\pi^0\\pi^0$ and $K^+ K^- K^+ K^-$ Cross Sections Measured with Initial-State Radiation

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B

    2007-01-01

    We study the processes $e^+ e^-\\to K^+ K^- \\pi^+\\pi^-\\gamma$, $K^+K^-\\pi^0\\pi^0\\gamma$ and $K^+ K^- K^+ K^-\\gamma$, where the photon is radiated from the initial state. About 34600, 4400 and 2300 fully reconstructed events, respectively, are selected from 232 \\invfb of \\babar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective \\epem center-of-mass energy, so that the $K^+ K^- \\pi^+\\pi^-\\gamma$ data can be compared with direct measurements of the $e^+ e^-\\to K^+K^- \\pipi$ reaction; no direct measurements exist for the $e^+ e^-\\to K^+ K^- \\pi^0\\pi^0$ or $\\epem\\to K^+ K^- K^+ K^-$ reactions. Studying the structure of these events, we find contributions from a number of intermediate states, and we extract their cross sections where possible. In particular, we isolate the contribution from $e^+ e^-\\to\\phi(1020) f_{0}(980)$ and study its structure near threshold. In the charmonium region, we observe the $J/\\psi$ in all three final states and several intermediate states, as well as the $\\psi(2...

  5. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Surficial Geology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieczorek, Michael E.; LaMotte, Andrew E.

    2010-01-01

    This tabular data set represents the area of surficial geology types in square meters compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of selected Major River Basins (MRBs, Crawford and others, 2006). The source data set is the "Digital data set describing surficial geology in the conterminous US" (Clawges and Price, 1999).The MRB_E2RF1 catchments are based on a modified version of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) ERF1_2 and include enhancements to support national and regional-scale surface-water quality modeling (Nolan and others, 2002; Brakebill and others, 2008). Data were compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment for the conterminous United States covering New England and Mid-Atlantic (MRB1), South Atlantic-Gulf and Tennessee (MRB2), the Great Lakes, Ohio, Upper Mississippi, and Souris-Red-Rainy (MRB3), the Missouri (MRB4), the Lower Mississippi, Arkansas-White-Red, and Texas-Gulf (MRB5), the Rio Grande, Colorado, and the Great basin (MRB6), the Pacific Northwest (MRB7) river basins, and California (MRB8).

  6. Cross Sections for the Reactions e+e to K+ K- pi+pi-, K+ K- pi0pi0, and K+ K- K+ K- Measured Using Initial-State Radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Milanes, D.A.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Palano, A.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Bari /Bari U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U., Comp. Sci. Dept. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2011-08-19

    We study the processes e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}-{gamma}, K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{gamma}, and K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup +}K{sup -}{gamma}, where the photon is radiated from the initial state. About 84000, 8000, and 4200 fully reconstructed events, respectively, are selected from 454 fb{sup -1} of BABAR data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy, so that the K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{gamma} data can be compared with direct measurements of the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} reaction. No direct measurements exist for the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0} or e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup +}K{sup -} reactions, and we present an update of our previous result with doubled statistics. Studying the structure of these events, we find contributions from a number of intermediate states, and extract their cross sections. In particular, we perform a more detailed study of the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {phi}(1020){pi}{pi}{gamma} reaction, and confirm the presence of the Y (2175) resonance in the {phi}(1020)f{sub 0}(980) and K{sup +}K{sup -} f{sub 0}(980) modes. In the charmonium region, we observe the J/{psi} in all three final states and in several intermediate states, as well as the {phi}(2S) in some modes, and measure the corresponding branching fractions.

  7. Search for heavy top quark partners with charge 5e/3 in the single lepton final state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagir, Sinan; CMS Collaboration

    2016-03-01

    A search is presented for a very heavy fermionic partner of the top quark with charge 5e/3 (X5 / 3), which is expected to decay into a top quark and a W boson. Events consistent with pair production of X5 / 3, where one of the four W bosons from the decays of X5 / 3 and top quarks decays leptonically, and all the other W bosons decay hadronically, are analyzed. The results from this semi-leptonic final state are then combined with same-sign dileptons signature to enhance the sensitivity. No excess of data above SM expectations is observed and 95 % CL upper limits on the X5 / 3 production cross section are set using the data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.2 fb-1 collected by the CMS detector at center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV.

  8. NuSTAR and INTEGRAL observations of a low/hard state of 1E1740.7-2942

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Natalucci, Lorenzo; Tomsick, John A.; Bazzano, Angela

    2014-01-01

    The microquasar 1E1740.7-2942, also known as the "Great Annihilator", was observed by NuSTAR in the Summer of 2012. We have analyzed in detail two observations taken ~2 weeks apart, for which we measure hard and smooth spectra typical of the low/hard state. A few weeks later the source flux......STAR, with the measurements being compatible with a change in flux with no spectral variability. We present a detailed analysis of the NuSTAR spectral and timing data and upper limits for reflection of the high energy emission. We show that the high energy spectrum of this X-ray binary is well described by thermal...

  9. Pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco e Bahia Pythiosis in sheep from Pernambuco and Bahia States, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel V. Carrera

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A pitiose é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo oomiceto aquático P. insidiosum que acomete animais e o homem, especialmente habitantes de áreas úmidas. A enfermidade apresenta como característica principal a formação de lesões com aspecto granulomatoso nos hospedeiros. Neste trabalho, relatou-se a ocorrência da pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco (PE e Bahia (BA, Nordeste do Brasil, bem como foi avaliada a eficácia de um imunoterápico frente a esta enfermidade. Amostras de sangue de 53 ovinos foram coletadas, sendo 49 animais oriundos de propriedades localizadas em PE e quatro animais provenientes da BA. Sete ovinos demonstraram sinais clínicos de pitiose ovina. Um dos animais foi submetido à eutanásia e sua cabeça e linfonodo submandibular foram coletados e enviados para análises laboratoriais. Seis ovinos foram submetidos à imunoterapia, sendo mantidos nas instalações do setor de ovinocultura da Univasf/Petrolina-PE durante o tratamento. As técnicas de ELISA, cultura fúngica e reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR foram utilizadas como métodos diagnósticos da pitiose ovina, sendo eficientes para confirmação dos casos clínicos no rebanho. Ao exame microscópico do material coletado da cavidade nasal de um animal eutanasiado, observou-se uma área focalmente extensa de necrose com presença de infiltrado difuso de neutrófilos íntegros e degenerados margeando a cartilagem. Somente um animal apresentou cura clínica, indicando uma eficiência no tratamento da pitiose de 16,7% (1/6. O aumento de casos de pitiose tem sido denotado em diversos municípios de PE e da BA. Neste contexto, o emprego do imunoterápico pode ser uma alternativa a ser pesquisada. Portanto, estudos futuros devem ser realizados para investigar o efeito da imunoterapia aplicada à pitiose em ovinos.Pythiosis is a devastating infectious disease caused by an aquatic oomycete, Pythium insidioum, and affects animals and humans that inhabit

  10. Standard Test Method for Application and Analysis of Solid State Track Recorder (SSTR) Monitors for Reactor Surveillance, E706(IIIB)

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2003-01-01

    1.1 This test method describes the use of solid-state track recorders (SSTRs) for neutron dosimetry in light-water reactor (LWR) applications. These applications extend from low neutron fluence to high neutron fluence, including high power pressure vessel surveillance and test reactor irradiations as well as low power benchmark field measurement. (1) This test method replaces Method E 418. This test method is more detailed and special attention is given to the use of state-of-the-art manual and automated track counting methods to attain high absolute accuracies. In-situ dosimetry in actual high fluence-high temperature LWR applications is emphasized. 1.2 This test method includes SSTR analysis by both manual and automated methods. To attain a desired accuracy, the track scanning method selected places limits on the allowable track density. Typically good results are obtained in the range of 5 to 800 000 tracks/cm2 and accurate results at higher track densities have been demonstrated for some cases. (2) Trac...

  11. E/V Nautilus Mapping and ROV Dives Reveal Hundreds of Vents along the West Coast of the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, R.; Raineault, N.; Embley, R. W.; Merle, S. G.; Girguis, P. R.; Irish, O.; Lubetkin, M.; German, C. R.; Levin, L. A.; Cormier, M. H.; Caldow, C.; Freedman, R.; Gee, L.

    2016-12-01

    The Exploration Vessel (E/V) Nautilus has mapped more than 30,000 km2 of seafloor off the west coast of the United States between July 2015 and September 2016. The 30 kHz EM302 multibeam mapping system collects water column data in addition to bathymetry and backscatter. Examination of the water column data revealed hundreds of distinct vertical features, presumably plumes of methane gas released from the seafloor. While seafloor reservoirs of methane are thought to contribute 5-10% of the global discharge, inventories of seafloor methane seeps are poorly constrained due to the lack of data such as the distribution and abundance of seafloor gas plumes. The results of mapping efforts reveal an unexpected number of methane seeps. ROV dives were then used to provide geological context to the seeps and associated unique biological communities. Altogether these findings contribute significantly to our baseline inventory of seeps along the continental margins of the United States. The presence of unexpectedly large numbers of methane seeps on the US Pacific, Gulf and Atlantic margins may influence the management of human extraction activities on the margin seabed.

  12. Analysis of Power Saving Class II Traffic in IEEE 802.16E with Multiple Sleep State and Balking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misra Chinmaya

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The battery life of Mobile Stations in IEEE 802.16e can be extended substantially by applying the sleep mode mechanism. This paper studies an effcient method to analyze the performance of the power saving class type II for delay sensitive traffc in multiple sleep state. The incoming data frames may join or balk the buffer due to impatience with some probability. We present an M/M/1/N queueing model with balking and multiple vacations in order to exhibit the self-similar property of IEEE 802.16e. We develop a cost function to determine the optimal service rate that minimizes the total expected cost. Various performance indices such as the average number of data frames in the system, the mean waiting time of the data frame in the system, the the average balking rate due to impatience, etc. have been presented. Numerical results are provided to show the inuence of various parameters on the behavior of the system. The proposed model provides a tradeoff between the average abandon rate and the power consumption.

  13. Reinvestigation of the high spin states in ^(161)Er and enhanced E1 transitions in the N=93 isotones

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮; 周厚兵; 丁兵; 王海霞; 郑勇; 竺礼华; 吴晓光; 周小红; 张玉虎; 柳敏良; 王世陶; 方永得; 滑伟; 强赟华; 李广顺

    2011-01-01

    High-spin states in 161Er have been studied experimentally using the 150Nd(16O, 5n) reaction at a beam energy of 86 MeV. The relatively enhanced E1 transitions between the 5/2+[642] and 3/2-[521] bands are observed in 161Er, and the B(E1) values are extra

  14. Observation of a Neutral Charmoniumlike State Z(c)(0) in e(+)e(-) -> (D*(D)over-bar*)(0)pi(0)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Ai, X. C.; Albayrak, O.; Albrecht, M.; Ambrose, D. J.; Amoroso, A.; An, F. F.; An, Q.; Bai, J. Z.; Ferroli, R. Baldini; Ban, Y.; Bennett, D. W.; Bennett, J. V.; Bertani, M.; Bettoni, D.; Bian, J. M.; Bianchi, F.; Boger, E.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Cai, H.; Cai, X.; Cakir, O.; Calcaterra, A.; Cao, G. F.; Cetin, S. A.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. Y.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, X.; Chen, X. R.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, X. K.; Cibinetto, G.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dbeyssi, A.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denig, A.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; De Mori, F.; Ding, Y.; Dong, C.; Dong, J.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Duan, P. F.; Eren, E. E.; Fan, J. Z.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Fang, X.; Fang, Y.; Fava, L.; Feldbauer, F.; Felici, G.; Feng, C. Q.; Fioravanti, E.; Fritsch, M.; Fu, C. D.; Gao, Q.; Gao, X. Y.; Gao, Y.; Gao, Z.; Garzia, I.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Gradl, W.; Greco, M.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, Y.; Guo, Y. P.; Haddadi, Z.; Hafner, A.; Han, S.; Han, Y. L.; Hao, X. Q.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, Z. Y.; Held, T.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, C.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. F.; Hu, T.; Hu, Y.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, G. S.; Huang, H. P.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y.; Hussain, T.; Ji, Q.; Ji, Q. P.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, L. W.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiang, X. Y.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Johansson, T.; Julin, A.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kang, X. L.; Kang, X. S.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Ke, B. C.; Kiese, P.; Kliemt, R.; Kloss, B.; Kolcu, O. B.; Kopf, B.; Kornicer, M.; Kuehn, W.; Kupsc, A.; Lange, J. S.; Lara, M.; Larin, P.; Leng, C.; Li, C.; Li, C. H.; Li, Cheng; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, Jin; Li, K.; Li, K.; Li, Lei; Li, P. R.; Li, T.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. M.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Lin, D. X.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H. B.; Liu, H. H.; Liu, H. H.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, J.; Liu, J. B.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, J. Y.; Liu, K.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, L. D.; Liu, P. L.; Liu, Q.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, X. X.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H.; Lou, X. C.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, R. Q.; Lu, Y.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Lv, M.; Lyu, X. R.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, L. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, T.; Ma, X. N.; Ma, X. Y.; Maas, F. E.; Maggiora, M.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Marcello, S.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Min, T. J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Mo, Y. J.; Morales, C. Morales; Moriya, K.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Muramatsu, H.; Nefedov, Y.; Nerling, F.; Nikolaev, I. B.; Ning, Z.; Nisar, S.; Niu, S. L.; Niu, X. Y.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Patteri, P.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peng, H. P.; Peters, K.; Pettersson, J.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Prasad, V.; Pu, Y. N.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, L. Q.; Qin, N.; Qin, X. S.; Qin, Y.; Qin, Z. H.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Redmer, C. F.; Ren, H. L.; Ripka, M.; Rong, G.; Rosner, Ch.; Ruan, X. D.; Santoro, V.; Sarantsev, A.; Savrie, M.; Schoenning, K.; Schumann, S.; Shan, W.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, P. X.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Song, W. M.; Song, X. Y.; Sosio, S.; Spataro, S.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Tapan, I.; Thorndike, E. H.; Tiemens, M.; Ullrich, M.; Uman, I.; Varner, G. S.; Wang, B.; Wang, B. L.; Wang, D.; Wang, D. Y.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, W.; Wang, X. F.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Y. Q.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. H.; Wang, Z. Y.; Weber, T.; Wei, D. H.; Wei, J. B.; Weidenkaff, P.; Wen, S. P.; Wiedner, U.; Wolke, M.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, Z.; Xia, L. G.; Xia, Y.; Xiao, D.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xiu, Q. L.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, L.; Xu, Q. J.; Xu, Q. N.; Xu, X. P.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, W. C.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. J.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, L.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, H.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yin, J. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, H. W.; Yu, J. S.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, W. L.; Yuan, Y.; Yuncu, A.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J. J.; Zhang, J. L.; Zhang, J. Q.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, K.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. N.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Y. T.; Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Z. H.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, G.; Zhao, J. W.; Zhao, J. Y.; Zhao, J. Z.; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, Q. W.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, W. J.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zhong, B.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, Li; Zhou, X.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhou, X. Y.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, Y. C.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zotti, L.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.

    2015-01-01

    We report a study of the process e(+)e(-) -> (D*(D) over bar*)(0)pi(0) using e(+)e(-) collision data samples with integrated luminosities of 1092 pb(-1) at root s = 4.23 GeV and 826 pb(-1) at root s = 4.26 GeV collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII storage ring. We observe a new neutral st

  15. A proposed experimental method to determine $\\alpha$-sensitivity of splitting between ground and 7.6 eV isomeric states in Th-229

    OpenAIRE

    Berengut, J. C.; Dzuba, V. A.; Flambaum, V. V.; Porsev, S. G.

    2009-01-01

    The 7.6 eV electromagnetic transition between the nearly degenerate ground state and first excited state in the Th-229 nucleus may be very sensitive to potential changes in the fine-structure constant, $\\alpha = e^2/\\hbar c$. However, the sensitivity is not known, and nuclear calculations are currently unable to determine it. We propose measurements of the differences of atomic transition frequencies between thorium atoms (or ions) with the nucleus in the ground state and in the first excited...

  16. The $e^+ e^-\\to 2(\\pi^+\\pi^-)\\pi^0$, 2(\\pi^+\\pi^-)\\eta$, $K^+ K^-\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$ and $K^+ K^-\\pi^+\\pi^-\\eta$ Cross Sections Measured with Initial-State Radiation

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schröder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Foulkes, C; Buchanan S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Bailey, D; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L

    2007-01-01

    We study the processes $e^+ e^-\\to 2(\\pi^+\\pi^-)\\pi^0\\gamma$, $2(\\pi^+\\pi^-)\\eta\\gamma$, $K^+ K^-\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0\\gamma$ and $K^+ K^-\\pi^+\\pi^-\\eta\\gamma$ with the hard photon radiated from the initial state. About 20000, 4300, 5500 and 375 fully reconstructed events, respectively, are selected from 232 fb$^{-1}$ of BaBar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective $e^+ e^-$ center-of-mass energy, so that the obtained cross sections from the threshold to about 5 GeV can be compared with corresponding direct \\epem measurements, currently available only for the $\\eta\\pi^+\\pi^-$ and $\\omega\\pi^+\\pi^-$ submodes of the $e^+ e^-\\to 2(\\pi^+\\pi^-)\\pi^0$ channel. Studying the structure of these events, we find contributions from a number of intermediate states, and we extract their cross sections where possible. In particular, we isolate the contribution from $e^+ e^-\\to\\omega(782)\\pi^+\\pi^-$ and study the $\\omega(1420)$ and $\\omega(1650)$ resonances. In the charmonium region, we observe ...

  17. 11 CFR 300.63 - Exception for State candidates (2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(2)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... simultaneously running for both Federal and State or local office, the individual must raise, accept, and spend... or individual holding Federal office who is a candidate for State or local office, if the solicitation, receipt or spending of funds is permitted under State law; and refers only to that State or...

  18. Heterogeneity and seroprevalence of a newly identified avian hepatitis e virus from chickens in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, F F; Haqshenas, G; Shivaprasad, H L; Guenette, D K; Woolcock, P R; Larsen, C T; Pierson, F W; Elvinger, F; Toth, T E; Meng, X J

    2002-11-01

    We recently identified and characterized a novel virus, designated avian hepatitis E virus (avian HEV), from chickens with hepatitis-splenomegaly syndrome (HS syndrome) in the United States. Avian HEV is genetically related to but distinct from human and swine HEVs. To determine the extent of genetic variation and the seroprevalence of avian HEV infection in chicken flocks, we genetically identified and characterized 11 additional avian HEV isolates from chickens with HS syndrome and assessed the prevalence of avian HEV antibodies from a total of 1,276 chickens of different ages and breeds from 76 different flocks in five states (California, Colorado, Connecticut, Virginia, and Wisconsin). An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a truncated recombinant avian HEV ORF2 antigen was developed and used to determine avian HEV seroprevalence. About 71% of chicken flocks and 30% of chickens tested in the study were positive for antibodies to avian HEV. About 17% of chickens younger than 18 weeks were seropositive, whereas about 36% of adult chickens were seropositive. By using a reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) assay, we tested 21 bile samples from chickens with HS syndrome in California, Connecticut, New York, and Wisconsin for the presence of avian HEV RNA. Of the 21 bile samples, 12 were positive for 30- to 35-nm HEV-like virus particles by electron microscopy (EM). A total of 11 of the 12 EM-positive bile samples and 6 of the 9 EM-negative bile samples were positive for avian HEV RNA by RT-PCR. The sequences of a 372-bp region within the helicase gene of 11 avian HEV isolates were determined. Sequence analyses revealed that the 11 field isolates of avian HEV had 78 to 100% nucleotide sequence identities to each other, 79 to 88% identities to the prototype avian HEV, 76 to 80% identities to chicken big liver and spleen disease virus, and 56 to 61% identities to other known strains of human and swine HEV. The data from this study indicated that, like swine and human

  19. Measurement of urinary prostaglandin E in normal subjects and in high-renin states. [Tritium tracer techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zia, P.; Zipser, R.; Speckart, P.; Horton, R.

    1978-09-01

    Antisera generated toward PGE was obtained from rabbits immunized with PGE/sub 2/ conjugated to bovine thyroglobulin by the carbodiimide reaction. The specificity of the antibody is such that only PGE/sub 1/ and PGE/sub 2/ had significant cross-reactions. 13,14-Dihydro and 15-keto PG's did not react. An RIA capable of measuring 6 pg of PGE/sub 2/ was developed to measure PGE in human urine. Urine samples adjusted with buffer to pH 5 are extracted with 5% MeOH in CH/sub 2/Cl/sub 2/ and chromatographed through Sephadex LH-20 columns. The second-antibody technique is used to separate bound from free. This urine method yields blank values of 2 +- 2 pg per sample, with a between-assay precision determined by duplicate analysis of 14% and intra-assay precision of 8%. The mean urinary excretion rate is 500 +- 74 (S.E.), +-209 (S.D.) ng/day (n = 8) in men and 300 +- 70, +-242 (n = 12) in women. These values are in agreement with those reported by others using gas chromatography--mass spectrometry or receptor assay with hepatic plasma membranes. Patients in a high-renin state, whether normotensive or hypertensive, have elevated PGE in urine. These studies suggest a relationship between the renin-angiotensin system and renal PG's in man.

  20. A review on the state-of-the-art privacy-preserving approaches in the e-health clouds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbas, Assad; Khan, Samee U

    2014-07-01

    Cloud computing is emerging as a new computing paradigm in the healthcare sector besides other business domains. Large numbers of health organizations have started shifting the electronic health information to the cloud environment. Introducing the cloud services in the health sector not only facilitates the exchange of electronic medical records among the hospitals and clinics, but also enables the cloud to act as a medical record storage center. Moreover, shifting to the cloud environment relieves the healthcare organizations of the tedious tasks of infrastructure management and also minimizes development and maintenance costs. Nonetheless, storing the patient health data in the third-party servers also entails serious threats to data privacy. Because of probable disclosure of medical records stored and exchanged in the cloud, the patients' privacy concerns should essentially be considered when designing the security and privacy mechanisms. Various approaches have been used to preserve the privacy of the health information in the cloud environment. This survey aims to encompass the state-of-the-art privacy-preserving approaches employed in the e-Health clouds. Moreover, the privacy-preserving approaches are classified into cryptographic and noncryptographic approaches and taxonomy of the approaches is also presented. Furthermore, the strengths and weaknesses of the presented approaches are reported and some open issues are highlighted.

  1. Updated Cross Section Measurement of $e^+ e^- \\to K^+ K^- J/\\psi$ and $K_S^0K_S^0J/\\psi$ via Initial State Radiation at Belle

    CERN Document Server

    Shen, C P; Wang, P; Abdesselam, A; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Said, S Al; Asner, D M; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Ayad, R; Bakich, A M; Bala, A; Bobrov, A; Bonvicini, G; Bozek, A; Bračko, M; Browder, T E; Chekelian, V; Chen, A; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, K; Chobanova, V; Choi, S -K; Choi, Y; Cinabro, D; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Doležal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Dutta, D; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Farhat, H; Fast, J E; Ferber, T; Frey, A; Gaur, V; Ganguly, S; Gillard, R; Glattauer, R; Goh, Y M; Golob, B; Haba, J; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; He, X H; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W -S; Hsiung, Y B; Hyun, H J; Iijima, T; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, Y; Joffe, D; Julius, T; Kang, J H; Kato, E; Kawasaki, T; Kiesling, C; Kim, D Y; Kim, H J; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, M J; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Ko, B R; Kodyš, P; Korpar, S; Križan, P; Krokovny, P; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y -J; Lee, S -H; Li, J; Gioi, L Li; Libby, J; Liu, C; Liu, Z Q; Lukin, P; Matvienko, D; Miyabayashi, K; Miyata, H; Mizuk, R; Moll, A; Mussa, R; Nagasaka, Y; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Nayak, M; Nedelkovska, E; Nisar, N K; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Okuno, S; Park, C W; Park, H; Pedlar, T K; Pestotnik, R; Petrič, M; Piilonen, L E; Ritter, M; Röhrken, M; Rostomyan, A; Ryu, S; Saito, T; Sakai, Y; Sanuki, T; Sato, Y; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Semmler, D; Senyo, K; Seon, O; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shebalin, V; Shibata, T -A; Shiu, J -G; Shwartz, B; Sibidanov, A; Simon, F; Sohn, Y -S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stanič, S; Starič, M; Steder, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Tamponi, U; Tatishvili, G; Teramoto, Y; Uchida, M; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Usov, Y; Van Hulse, C; Vanhoefer, P; Varner, G; Vorobyev, V; Wagner, M N; Wang, C H; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Williams, K M; Won, E; Yamamoto, H; Yamashita, Y; Yashchenko, S; Yook, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A

    2014-01-01

    The cross sections of the processes $e^+ e^- \\to K^+ K^- J/\\psi$ and $K_S^0K_S^0J/\\psi$ are measured via initial state radiation at center-of-mass energies between the threshold and 6.0~GeV using a data sample of 980~fb$^{-1}$ collected with the Belle detector on or near the $\\Upsilon(nS)$ resonances, where $n=$1, 2, ..., 5. The cross sections for $e^+ e^- \\to K^+ K^- J/\\psi$ are at a few pb level and the average cross section for $e^+ e^- \\to K_S^0K_S^0J/\\psi$ is $1.8\\pm 0.6 (\\rm stat.)\\pm 0.3 (\\rm syst.)$~pb between 4.4 and 5.2~GeV. All of them are consistent with previously published results with improved precision. A search for resonant structures and associated intermediate states in the cross section of the process $e^+ e^- \\to K^+ K^- J/\\psi$ is performed.

  2. State Fairgrounds

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This shapefile is a point shapefile that displays the locations of the major state/regional agricultural fairs held throughout the United States. Some states (e.g.,...

  3. Analytic Empirical Potential and its Comparison to State of the Art ab initio Calculations for the 6e^- Excited b(1^3Π_u)-STATE of Li_2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dattani, Nikesh S.; Le Roy, Robert J.

    2015-06-01

    Despite only having 6e^-, the most sophisticated Li_2(b,1^3Π_u) calculation has an r_e that disagrees with the empirical value by over 1500% of the latter's uncertainty, and energy spacings that disagree with those of the empirical potential by up to over 1.5cm-1. The discrepancy here is far more than for the ground state of the 5e^- system BeH, for which the best ab initio calculation gives an r_e which disagrees with the empirical value by less than 200% of the latter's uncertainty. In addition to this discrepancy, other reasons motivating the construction of an analytic empirical potential for Li_2(b,1^3Π_u) include (1) the fact that it is the most deeply bound Li_2 state, (2) it is the only Li_2 state out of the lowest five, for which no analytic empirical potential has yet been built, (3) the state it mixes with, the A(1^1σ_u)-state, is one of the most thoroughly characterized molecular states, but has a small gap of missing data in part of the region where it mixes with the b-state, and (4) it is one of the states accessible by new ultra-high precision techniques based on photoassociation. Finally (5) there is currently a discrepancy between the most sophisticated 3e- ab initio calculation, and the most current empirical value, for the first Li(^2S)-Li(^2P) interaction term (C_3), despite the latter being the most precise experimentally determined oscillator strength for any system, by an order of magnitude^e. The b-state is one of the states that has this exact C_3 interaction term. Musial & Kucharski (2014) J. Chem. Theor. Comp. 10, 1200. Dattani N. S. (2015) J. Mol. Spec. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jms.2014.09.005. Semczuk M., Li X., Gunton W., Haw M., Dattani N. S., Witz J., Mills A., Jones D. J., Madison K. W. (2013) Phys. Rev. A 87, 052505 Gunton W., Semczuk M., Dattani N. S., Madison K. W. (2013) Phys. Rev. A 88, 062510 Tang L.-Y., Yan Z.-C., Shi T.-Y., Mitroy J (2011) Phys. Rev. A 84, 052502. Le Roy R. J., Dattani N. S., Coxon J. A., Ross A. J

  4. Observation of a neutral charmoniumlike state $Z_c(4025)^0$ in $e^{+} e^{-} \\to (D^{*} \\bar{D}^{*})^{0} \\pi^0$

    CERN Document Server

    Ablikim, M; Ai, X C; Albayrak, O; Albrecht, M; Ambrose, D J; Amoroso, A; An, F F; An, Q; Bai, J Z; Ferroli, R Baldini; Ban, Y; Bennett, D W; Bennett, J V; Bertani, M; Bettoni, D; Bian, J M; Bianchi, F; Boger, E; Boyko, I; Briere, R A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, H Y; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, X; Chen, X R; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, X K; Cibinetto, G; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dbeyssi, A; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; De Mori, F; Ding, Y; Dong, C; Dong, J; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Duan, P F; Eren, E E; Fan, J Z; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fang, X; Fang, Y; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Felici, G; Feng, C Q; Fioravanti, E; Fritsch, M; Fu, C D; Gao, Q; Gao, X Y; Gao, Y; Gao, Z; Garzia, I; Geng, C; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, Y; Guo, Y P; Haddadi, Z; Hafner, A; Han, S; Han, Y L; Hao, X Q; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, Z Y; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, C; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Hu, Y; Huang, G M; Huang, G S; Huang, H P; Huang, J S; Huang, X T; Huang, Y; Hussain, T; Ji, Q; Ji, Q P; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L L; Jiang, L W; Jiang, X S; Jiang, X Y; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Johansson, T; Julin, A; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kang, X L; Kang, X S; Kavatsyuk, M; Ke, B C; Kiese, P; Kliemt, R; Kloss, B; Kolcu, O B; Kopf, B; Kornicer, M; Kühn, W; Kupsc, A; Lange, J S; Lara, M; Larin, P; Leng, C; Li, C; Li, C H; Li, Cheng; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, Jin; Li, K; Li, Lei; Li, P R; Li, T; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X M; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Liao, G R; Lin, D X; Liu, B J; Liu, C X; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J B; Liu, J P; Liu, J Y; Liu, K; Liu, K Y; Liu, L D; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, X X; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lou, X C; Lu, H J; Lu, J G; Lu, R Q; Lu, Y; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lv, M; Lyu, X R; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, L L; Ma, Q M; Ma, T; Ma, X N; Ma, X Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Marcello, S; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Min, T J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Mo, Y J; Morales, C Morales; Moriya, K; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nerling, F; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Nisar, S; Niu, S L; Niu, X Y; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Pettersson, J; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Prasad, V; Pu, Y N; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, L Q; Qin, N; Qin, X S; Qin, Y; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Redmer, C F; Ren, H L; Ripka, M; Rong, G; Rosner, Ch; Ruan, X D; Santoro, V; Sarantsev, A; Savrié, M; Schoenning, K; Schumann, S; Shan, W; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, P X; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Song, W M; Song, X Y; Sosio, S; Spataro, S; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Tiemens, M; Ullrich, M; Uman, I; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, B L; Wang, D; Wang, D Y; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, S G; Wang, W; Wang, X F; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z H; Wang, Z Y; Weber, T; Wei, D H; Wei, J B; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, S P; Wiedner, U; Wolke, M; Wu, L H; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xia, Y; Xiao, D; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, L; Xu, Q J; Xu, Q N; Xu, X P; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, W C; Yan, Y H; Yang, H J; Yang, H X; Yang, L; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, H; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yin, J H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, H W; Yu, J S; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, W L; Yuan, Y; Yuncu, A; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J J; Zhang, J L; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, K; Zhang, L; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y N; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y T; Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Z H; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, J W; Zhao, J Y; Zhao, J Z; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, W J; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhou, L; Zhou, Li; Zhou, X; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhou, X Y; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, S; Zhu, X L; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuan, J; Zotti, L; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

    2015-01-01

    We report a study of the process $e^{+} e^{-} \\to (D^{*} \\bar{D}^{*})^{0} \\pi^0$ using $e^+e^-$ collision data samples with integrated luminosity of $1092 \\rm{pb}^{-1}$ at $\\sqrt{s}=4.23 \\rm{GeV}$ and $826 \\rm{pb}^{-1}$ at $\\sqrt{s}=4.26 \\rm{GeV}$ collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII storage ring. We observe a new neutral structure near the $(D^{*} \\bar{D}^{*})^{0}$ mass threshold in the $\\pi^0$ recoil mass spectrum, which we denote as $Z_{c}(4025)^{0}$. Assuming a Breit-Wigner line shape, its pole mass and pole width are determined to be $(4025.5^{+2.0}_{-4.7}\\pm3.1) \\rm{MeV}/c^2$ and $(23.0\\pm 6.0\\pm 1.0) \\rm{MeV}$, respectively. The statistical significance of the observation is $7.4\\sigma$. The Born cross sections of $e^{+}e^{-}\\to Z_{c}(4025)^{0} \\pi^0\\to (D^{*} \\bar{D}^{*})^{0}\\pi^0$ are measured to be $(61.6\\pm8.2\\pm9.0) \\rm{pb}$ at $\\sqrt{s}=4.23 \\rm{GeV}$ and $(43.4\\pm8.0\\pm5.4) \\rm{pb}$ at $\\sqrt{s}=4.26 \\rm{GeV}$. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic.

  5. Elimination of low steady-state concentrations of [5,6-H]prostaglandin E in the pulmonary and the systemic circulations of anaesthetized rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bukhave, K.; Hansen, Harald S.

    1977-01-01

    The elimination of [H]prostaglandin E, in anaesthetized rats was studied by continuous intravenous or intraarterial infusions, producing steady-state concentrations at the level of endogenous prostaglandin E in mixed venous blood. Blood samples (0.5 ml) were collected from the carotid artery...... output and the rate of infusion, the fractional clearance of the lung and the systemic beds in the steady-state situation were estimated to 88.3 ± 3.2% and 54.1 ± 15.2%(mean ± S.D.), respectively. The hydrophobic metabolites were characterized chromatographically on Sephadex LH-20 columns, using...

  6. Hydrochemical and isotopic differentiation of the aquifers Missao Velha and Mauriti, Ceara State, Brazil; Diferenciacao hidroquimica e isotopica dos aquiferos Missao Velha e Mauriti, Ceara, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leite, Julio Cesar Bastos; Santiago, Marlucia Freitas; Mendes Filho, Josue; Frischkorn, Horst; Silva, Carla M.S. Vidal [Ceara Univ., Fortaleza, CE (Brazil)

    1996-08-01

    The Cariri region, in the South of Ceara State, comprises the most important sedimentary basin of the State. The exclusive source for domestic, agricultural and industrial use is underground water. The formations, from top to bottom, Rio da Batateira, Missao Velha, and Mauriti constitute the main aquifers in the Cariri Valley. Intensive tectonics resulted in complex hydrogeologic conditions which cause mixing of waters of different origin. Thus, one of our tasks is just to find specific characteristics that can differentiate the origins. We used chemical analyses (major ions, calcite saturation indexes, electric conductivity) and radiocarbon measurements for finding correlations between parameters that characterize waters from the different aquifers. (author) 3 refs., 1 tab.

  7. Puzzle of B(E2) strengths of the symmetric and mixed-symmetry 2{sup +} states in {sup 94}Zr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheikh Obeid, Abdulrahman; Krugmann, Andreas; Neumann-Cosel, Peter von; Pietralla, Norbert; Poltoratska, Iryna; Ponomarev, Vladimir [Technische Univ. Darmstadt (Germany). Inst. fuer Kernphysik

    2013-07-01

    Recently, E. Elhami et al. (2008) reported on a study of the low-spin structure of {sup 94}Zr with the (n,n',γ) reaction. The author claimed observation of an anomalous situation where the E2 excitation strength of the mixed-symmetry 2{sup +}{sub 2} exceeds the strength of the symmetric 2{sup +}{sub 1} state. Those excitations of {sup 94}Zr have been investigated with electron scattering at the S-DALINAC and a model-independent analysis of our (e,e') data has been performed. The extracted ratio of the E2 strengths, B(E2,0{sup +}{sub 1} → 2{sup +}{sub ms})/B(E2,0{sup +}{sub 1} → 2{sup +}{sub 1}) is less than the unity, which contradicts the (n,n',γ) results. The data analysis and the results are presented. The same analysis has been applied to a set of electron scattering data on {sup 94}Mo. The ratio of the of B(E2) strengths of the symmetric and mixed-symmetry 2{sup +} states in {sup 94}Mo and their transition radius difference have been extracted for the first time.

  8. Studies of the g factors of the ground 4A2 and the first excited 2E state of Cr 3+ ions in emerald

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Qun; Guo, Li-Xin; Yang, Zi-Yuan; Wei, Bing

    2011-09-01

    By using complete diagonalization method, the zero-field splitting and g factors of the ground 4A2 and the first excited 2E states of Cr 3+ ions in emerald are calculated. The theoretical results are in good agreement with the experimental data. The dependencies of the g factors on the crystal field parameters, including Dq, v, and v', have been studied. It is shown that, the g factors of the ground state varied with the crystal field parameters approximately in a linear way, but the g factors of the first excited state varied nonlinearly with these parameters.

  9. [Pediatric drug development: ICH harmonized tripartite guideline E11 within the United States of America, the European Union, and Japan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pflieger, M; Bertram, D

    2014-10-01

    To address the lack of appropriate pediatric drugs available on the global market, in 2000 the International Conference on Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) issued the ICH E11 guideline regarding the Clinical Investigation of Medicinal Products in the Pediatric Population. This guideline considerably changes the environment of drug development for children. It has been written specifically to harmonize, promote, and facilitate high-quality and ethical clinical research for children within the ICH regions, i.e., the United States of America (USA), the European Union (EU), and Japan. This article details the various regulations applicable in each ICH region following the publication of the guideline. The framework of rewards, incentives, and obligations for pharmaceutical companies established for the development of pediatric drugs are compared. It appears that the USA and the EU have both developed specific regulations for pediatric drug development while Japan has not. However, in Japan, pharmaceutical companies (PCs) are encouraged to develop pediatric drugs voluntarily, and they may be granted additional months of market exclusivity or the postponement of the drug re-examination deadline. In both the USA and the EU, regulations aimed to increase the number of clinical studies conducted in children, in order to ensure that the necessary data are generated, determining the conditions in which a drug may be authorized to treat the pediatric population. PCs are encouraged to develop pediatric assessment, including pediatric clinical trials, which is described in a pediatric plan submitted to the relevant authorities. A system of rewards for PCs submitting an application for marketing authorization containing pediatric use information has been put in place to cover the additional investment for testing drugs in children. Subject to conditions, these rewards consist in a 6-month extension of the patent or

  10. Study of Multiphoton Final States and Tests of QED in $e^+ e^-$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ up to 209 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Achard, P; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Bajo, A; Baksay, G; Baksay, L; Baldew, S V; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, Sw; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Batalova, N; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bellucci, L; Berbeco, R; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Biasini, M; Biglietti, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bottai, S; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brochu, F; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada, M; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Costantini, S; de la Cruz, B; Cucciarelli, S; van Dalen, J A; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Debreczeni, J; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Della Volpe, D; Delmeire, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Dierckxsens, M; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Echenard, B; Eline, A; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Ewers, A; Extermann, Pierre; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisher, W; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gentile, S; Giagu, S; Gong, Z F; Grenier, G; Grimm, O; Grünewald, M W; Guida, M; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Hohlmann, M; Holzner, G; Hou, S R; Hu, Y; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Käfer, D; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, J K; Kirkby, Jasper; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopal, M; Koutsenko, V F; Kräber, M H; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Krüger, A; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Levchenko, P M; Li, C; Likhoded, S A; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mans, J; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mohanty, G B; Muanza, G S; Muijs, A J M; Musicar, B; Musy, M; Nagy, S; Natale, S; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Ofierzynski, R A; Organtini, G; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paolucci, P; Paramatti, R; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pedace, M; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Piccolo, D; Pierella, F; Pioppi, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Pothier, J; Prokofiev, D O; Prokofev, D; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Rahaman, M A; Raics, P; Raja, N; Ramelli, R; Rancoita, P G; Ranieri, R; Raspereza, A V; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosca, A; Rosier-Lees, S; Roth, S; Rosenbleck, C; Roux, B; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruggiero, G; Rykaczewski, H; Sakharov, A; Saremi, S; Sarkar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Sushkov, S V; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Tang, X W; Tarjan, P; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Tellili, B; Teyssier, D; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Van de Walle, R T; Veszpremi, V; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Vicinanza, D; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vodopyanov, I; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, M; Wienemann, P; Wilkens, H; Wynhoff, S; Xia, L; Xu, Z Z; Yamamoto, J; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Yeh, S C; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, J; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zhuang, H L; Zichichi, A; Zilizi, G; Zimmermann, B; Zöller, M

    2002-01-01

    The process e+ e- -> n gamma with n>=2 is studied at centre-of-mass energies ranging from \\root(s)=192 to 208 GeV. The data sample corresponds to a total integrated luminosity of 427 1/pb. The total and differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the QED expectations. Using all the data collected with the L3 detector above the Z pole, limits on deviations from QED, excited electrons, contact interactions, extra space dimensions and excited spin-3/2 leptons are set.

  11. PET and PET-CT. State of the art and future prospects; PET e PET- TC. Stato dell'arte e prospettive future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fanti, Stefano; Franchi, Roberto [Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna (Italy). U.O. di medicina legale; Battista, Giuseppe; Monetti, Nino; Canini, Romeo [Bologna Univ., Bologna (Italy). Dipartimento clinico di scienze radiologiche e istocitopatologiche

    2005-07-15

    Fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) enables the in vivo study of tissue metabolism, and thus is able to identify malignant tumours as hypermetabolic lesions by an increase in tracer uptake. Many papers have demonstrated both the relevant impact of FDG PET on staging of many cancers and the superior accuracy of the technique compared with conventional diagnostic methods for pre-treatment evaluation, therapy response evaluation and relapse identification. In particular PET was found useful in identifying lymph nodal and metastatic spread. thus altering patient management in more than 30% of cases. PET images, however, provide limited anatomical data, which in regions such as the head and neck, mediastinum and pelvic cavity is a significant drawback. The exact localization of lesions may also be difficult in some cases, on the basis of PET images alone. The introduction of combined PET-computed tomography (PET-CT) scanners enables the almost simultaneous acquisition of transmission and emission images, thus obtaining optimal fusion images in a very short time. PET-CT fusion images enable lesions to be located, reducing false positive studies and increasing accuracy; the overall duration of examination may also be reduced. On the basis of both literature data and our experience we established the clinical indications when PET-CT may be particularly useful, in comparison with PET alone. It should also be underlined that the use of PET-CT is almost mandatory for new traces such as C-choline and C-methionine; these new tracers may be applied for studying tumours not assessable with FDG, such as prostate cancer. In conclusion PET-CT is at present the most advanced method for metabolic imaging, and is capable of precisely localizing and assessing tumours; fusion images reduce false positive and inconclusive studies, thus increasing diagnostic accuracy. [Italian] La PET con FDG F-18 ha consentito di studiare il metabolismo dei tessuti in vivo e di

  12. I «cinque giganti» e la genesi del welfare state in Europa tra le due guerre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Rapini

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The essay reconstructs the genesis of the welfare state during the early forties of the twentieth century. The welfare state is situated inside the European crisis caused by the Wall Street crash of 1929, by the fascisms and by the second world war. The essay focuses on the social policies of Fascism and Nazism, underlining their genetic connection with the war. The democracies decide to oppose the welfare state to warfare state of the fascisms to win not only the war, but, especially, to win the peace.

  13. A Comparative Analysis of E-Learning Policy Formulation in the European Union and the United States: Discursive Convergence and Divergence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erichsen, Elizabeth Roumell; Salajan, Florin D.

    2014-01-01

    This study developed a framework that compares the content and purposes of "federal" level European Union (EU) and United States (US) e-learning policy to ascertain trends, patterns, and points of convergence and divergence across the years 1994-2010. It reveals that the EU and US are applying similar rhetoric for policy framing,…

  14. Role of E-Payment System in Promoting Accountability in Government Ministries as Perceived by Accounting Education Graduates and Accountants in Ministry of Finance of Ebonyi State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azih, Nonye; Nwagwu, Lazarus

    2015-01-01

    This paper identified the role of electronic payment system in promoting accountability in government ministries as well as the challenges facing the implementation of e-payment in government ministries in Ebonyi State. The study was guided by two research questions and two hypotheses. The population of the study comprised of 112 accountants as…

  15. The impact of substituents on the transition states of SN2 and E2 reactions in aliphatic and vinylic systems: remarkably facile vinylic eliminations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nettey, Samuel; Swift, Christopher A; Joviliano, Renan; Noin, Diogo O; Gronert, Scott

    2012-06-06

    For a series of α and β substituted haloethanes and haloethenes, gas-phase experiments and computational modeling have been used to characterize their nucleophilic substitution and elimination reactions. Despite being less thermodynamically favorable, the vinylic eliminations have rate constants and computed barriers that are similar to those of analogous aliphatic eliminations. This is the result of the vinylic systems shifting to more E1(cb)-like transition states and exploiting the inherent greater acidity of vinylic hydrogens. In general, the α-substituents have a greater impact on the S(N)2 pathways and stabilize the transition states via field and polarizability effects. Substantial stabilization is also provided to the E2 transition states by the α-substituents, but they have surprisingly little impact on the geometries of the transition states of either pathway. The β-substituents generally lead to a strong bias toward elimination and greatly affect the synchronicity of the elimination (more E1(cb)-like) as well as its location on the reaction coordinate (early). The experimental and computational data are in good accord, and the full data set provides a comprehensive picture of substituent effects on solvent-free S(N)2 and E2 processes.

  16. Ke'e Lagoon and reef flat users baseline study, Haena State Park, Hawaii, 1999-06-01 to 1999-08-15 (NODC Accession 0002277)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Ke'e Lagoon is a popular Kauai destination for tourist and resident beach-goers and snorkelers. It is part of the Haena State Park, and is located at the end of...

  17. Theory of mind and first- and second-order mental states / Teoria da mente e estados mentais de primeira e segunda ordem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Roazzi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This investigation aimed at studying the knowledge about the comprehension of first- and second-order mental states taking into account the influence of different linguistic expressions in the judgments produced by 113 children from low-socioeconomic background divided into four groups. Each group was controlled by gender and age (5- and 6-year-old and took part in one of four conditions which involved two inanimate subjects (dolls and answering a series of questions about mental and emotional states. Each condition consisted of four different verbal expressions involving first- and second-order types of questions: (C1 "search in the first place"; (C2 "search"; (C3 "think"; (C4 "hope to find". Analyses of the false belief questions revealed a main effect on age and type of question. The means of correct answers in the three types of false belief questions when compared indicated that the first-order false belief questions (37.80% were easier than the two kinds of second-order type of questions (25.20% and 22.50%. These results are discussed in light of the previous results found in the literature, both concerning the influence of age, and the type of mental state and verbal expression involved.

  18. História, estado e educação: uma leitura sobre o Estado brasileiro (1971-2000 History, state and education: a reading of the Brazilian State (1971-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Gaiofatto Gonçalves

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta alguns resultados de pesquisa realizada sobre se e como o tema Estado e Educação foi abordado na produção acadêmica brasileira, no período compreendido entre 1971 a 2000. Foram pesquisados cinco Anais de Associações Nacionais de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa e quinze periódicos, das áreas de Educação, Economia, Administração, História, e Ciências Sociais. Buscou-se compreender as perspectivas das áreas, considerando-se o contexto histórico das décadas em que os trabalhos foram produzidos, e evidenciando seus nexos, contribuições e limitações. Neste artigo, é abordada a caracterização do Estado brasileiro, pelos autores dos trabalhos investigados, em especial quanto a três referências principais, que aparecem ao longo de todo o período: Estado capitalista/reprodutor da ordem social; Estado autoritário/centralizador; e Estado ineficiente/omisso, buscando-se compreendê-las em relação ao contexto histórico.This article presents the results of the research about how the State and Education topic were dealt with in the Brazilian academic production between 1971 and 2000. We have researched five Proceedings of Post-Graduation and National Research Associations and fifteen journals in the areas of Economy, Administration, History, Social Sciences and Education, focusing on four titles in each one of them, in considering the total production of the period. We tried to understand the perspectives of the areas. We have considered the historical context of the decades in which those works were produced, highlighting their contributions and limitations. In this article, we approach the characterization of the Brazilian State by the authors of researched works, especially concerning the three main references that appear throughout the period: the capitalist State/producer of social order; the authoritarian State/centralizer; and the inefficient State / the absent state. We seek to understand them in their

  19. Expression of E6, p53 and p21 proteins and physical state of HPV16 in cervical cytologies with and without low grade lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tagle, Diana K Jiménez; Sotelo, Daniel Hernández; Illades-Aguiar, Berenice; Leyva-Vazquez, Marco A; Alfaro, Eugenia Flores; Coronel, Yaneth Castro; Hernández, Oscar Del Moral; Romero, Luz Del Carmen Alarcón

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between expression of HPV16 E6, p53 and p21 proteins and the physical state of HPV16 in cervical cytologies without squamous intraepithelial lesions (Non-SIL) and with low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL), both with HPV16 infection. 101 liquid-based cytological samples were analyzed. 50 samples were without squamous intraepithelial lesions (Non-IL) and 51 samples of low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL), both with HPV16 infection. HPV16 infection was determined by PCR-RFLP, and the physical state of HPV16 by in situ hybridization with tyramide-amplification. The expression of E6, p53 and p21 proteins was evaluated by immunocytochemistry. The expression of HPV16 E6 protein was significantly higher in LSIL that in Non-SIL samples (p=0.006). We found a significant correlation between E6 expression and the physical state of HPV16 in Non-SIL (p=0.049). Our results suggest that high expression of E6 in LSIL is an early event of cervical carcinogenesis and perhaps can be used as an early marker.

  20. State-dependent electrostatic interactions of S4 arginines with E1 in S2 during Kv7.1 activation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Dick; Delaloye, Kelli; Zaydman, Mark A; Nekouzadeh, Ali; Rudy, Yoram; Cui, Jianmin

    2010-06-01

    The voltage-sensing domain of voltage-gated channels is comprised of four transmembrane helices (S1-S4), with conserved positively charged residues in S4 moving across the membrane in response to changes in transmembrane voltage. Although it has been shown that positive charges in S4 interact with negative countercharges in S2 and S3 to facilitate protein maturation, how these electrostatic interactions participate in channel gating remains unclear. We studied a mutation in Kv7.1 (also known as KCNQ1 or KvLQT1) channels associated with long QT syndrome (E1K in S2) and found that reversal of the charge at E1 eliminates macroscopic current without inhibiting protein trafficking to the membrane. Pairing E1R with individual charge reversal mutations of arginines in S4 (R1-R4) can restore current, demonstrating that R1-R4 interact with E1. After mutating E1 to cysteine, we probed E1C with charged methanethiosulfonate (MTS) reagents. MTS reagents could not modify E1C in the absence of KCNE1. With KCNE1, (2-sulfonatoethyl) MTS (MTSES)(-) could modify E1C, but [2-(trimethylammonium)ethyl] MTS (MTSET)(+) could not, confirming the presence of a positively charged environment around E1C that allows approach by MTSES(-) but repels MTSET(+). We could change the local electrostatic environment of E1C by making charge reversal and/or neutralization mutations of R1 and R4, such that MTSET(+) modified these constructs depending on activation states of the voltage sensor. Our results confirm the interaction between E1 and the fourth arginine in S4 (R4) predicted from open-state crystal structures of Kv channels and reveal an E1-R1 interaction in the resting state. Thus, E1 engages in electrostatic interactions with arginines in S4 sequentially during the gating movement of S4. These electrostatic interactions contribute energetically to voltage-dependent gating and are important in setting the limits for S4 movement.

  1. “And Now – Win the peace!”. I laburisti inglesi e il Welfare State (1945-1948

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo Andrea Stazzi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The Labour Party begins to put political strength in order to build the Welfare State, after the large consensus achieved in 1945 political election. The new Welfare State is based on: universality of social security, uniformity of contributions and benefits, unity in the administration of entire system.

  2. Chapter E: History and Overview of the U.S. Diatomite Mining Industry, with Emphasis on the Western United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyle, Phillip R.; Dolley, Thomas P.

    2003-01-01

    The United States is the largest producer and consumer of diatomite in the world. In 2001, the United States produced about a third of the estimated global production of 1.95 million metric tons (Mt) of diatomite (Dolley, 2003). In any given year, the United States accounts for at least 50 percent of all the diatomite exported in the world (Roskill, 1994). Seven diatomite companies operating in the United States produce diatomite in various grades for a range of applications, including filtration, absorbents, fillers, insulation, and cement manufacture. Economic deposits of diatomite within the United States depend on variations in the physical and chemical properties between and within deposits, potential end uses, and proximity to suitable markets. On the basis of historical production figures, estimated U.S. diatomite-production capacity is currently about 800,000 metric tons per year (t/yr).

  3. Chapter E: History and Overview of the U.S. Diatomite Mining Industry, with Emphasis on the Western United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyle, Phillip R.; Dolley, Thomas P.

    2003-01-01

    The United States is the largest producer and consumer of diatomite in the world. In 2001, the United States produced about a third of the estimated global production of 1.95 million metric tons (Mt) of diatomite (Dolley, 2003). In any given year, the United States accounts for at least 50 percent of all the diatomite exported in the world (Roskill, 1994). Seven diatomite companies operating in the United States produce diatomite in various grades for a range of applications, including filtration, absorbents, fillers, insulation, and cement manufacture. Economic deposits of diatomite within the United States depend on variations in the physical and chemical properties between and within deposits, potential end uses, and proximity to suitable markets. On the basis of historical production figures, estimated U.S. diatomite-production capacity is currently about 800,000 metric tons per year (t/yr).

  4. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place. Part 2 (Bucher Willis RTLFF CNSLG-E & E Machine Service)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    AD-A236 395 )~~~j I: GECY_______1990 ANNUAL DOLLAR SUMMARY OF PRIME CONTRACT AWARDS BY CONTRACTOR, STATE OR COUNTRY, AND PLACE. PT-2 L~IiRMId~i~TiFY...l )1 0--- = Iw C00W4 00MC -C000M00% -CM- MUCL x )- I F-I 0 N .4 ON 00 00ww ww ww w ww ww ww ww ww w 1 I1 0 I - 0 of I w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w

  5. Four-jet final state production in e+e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 130 and 136 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Buskulic, Damir; Décamp, D; Ghez, P; Goy, C; Lees, J P; Lucotte, A; Minard, M N; Odier, P; Pietrzyk, B; Casado, M P; Chmeissani, M; Crespo, J M; Delfino, M C; Efthymiopoulos, I; Fernández, E; Fernández-Bosman, M; Garrido, L; Juste, A; Martínez, M; Orteu, S; Padilla, C; Pascual, A; Perlas, J A; Riu, I; Sánchez, F; Teubert, F; Colaleo, A; Creanza, D; De Palma, M; Gelao, G; Girone, M; Iaselli, Giuseppe; Maggi, G; Maggi, M; Marinelli, N; Nuzzo, S; Ranieri, A; Raso, G; Ruggieri, F; Selvaggi, G; Silvestris, L; Tempesta, P; Zito, G; Huang, X; Lin, J; Ouyang, Q; Wang, T; Xie, Y; Xu, R; Xue, S; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, W; Alemany, R; Bazarko, A O; Cattaneo, M; Comas, P; Coyle, P; Drevermann, H; Forty, Roger W; Frank, M; Hagelberg, R; Harvey, J; Janot, P; Jost, B; Kneringer, E; Knobloch, J; Lehraus, Ivan; Lutters, G; Martin, E B; Mato, P; Minten, Adolf G; Miquel, R; Mir, L M; Moneta, L; Oest, T; Pacheco, A; Pusztaszeri, J F; Ranjard, F; Rensing, P E; Rolandi, Luigi; Schlatter, W D; Schmelling, M; Schneider, O; Tejessy, W; Tomalin, I R; Venturi, A; Wachsmuth, H W; Wagner, A; Ajaltouni, Ziad J; Barrès, A; Boyer, C; Falvard, A; Gay, P; Guicheney, C; Henrard, P; Jousset, J; Michel, B; Monteil, S; Montret, J C; Pallin, D; Perret, P; Podlyski, F; Proriol, J; Rosnet, P; Rossignol, J M; Fearnley, Tom; Hansen, J B; Hansen, J D; Hansen, J R; Hansen, P H; Nilsson, B S; Wäänänen, A; Kyriakis, A; Markou, C; Simopoulou, Errietta; Siotis, I; Vayaki, Anna; Zachariadou, K; Blondel, A; Brient, J C; Rougé, A; Rumpf, M; Valassi, Andrea; Videau, H L; Focardi, E; Parrini, G; Corden, M; Georgiopoulos, C H; Jaffe, D E; Antonelli, A; Bencivenni, G; Bologna, G; Bossi, F; Campana, P; Capon, G; Casper, David William; Chiarella, V; Felici, G; Laurelli, P; Mannocchi, G; Murtas, F; Murtas, G P; Passalacqua, L; Pepé-Altarelli, M; Curtis, L; Dorris, S J; Halley, A W; Knowles, I G; Lynch, J G; O'Shea, V; Raine, C; Reeves, P; Scarr, J M; Smith, K; Thompson, A S; Thomson, F; Thorn, S; Turnbull, R M; Becker, U; Geweniger, C; Graefe, G; Hanke, P; Hansper, G; Hepp, V; Kluge, E E; Putzer, A; Rensch, B; Schmidt, M; Sommer, J; Stenzel, H; Tittel, K; Werner, S; Wunsch, M; Abbaneo, D; Beuselinck, R; Binnie, David M; Cameron, W; Dornan, Peter J; Moutoussi, A; Nash, J; Sedgbeer, J K; Stacey, A M; Williams, M D; Dissertori, G; Girtler, P; Kuhn, D; Rudolph, G; Betteridge, A P; Bowdery, C K; Colrain, P; Crawford, G; Finch, A J; Foster, F; Hughes, G; Sloan, Terence; Whelan, E P; Williams, M I; Galla, A; Greene, A M; Hoffmann, C; Kleinknecht, K; Quast, G; Renk, B; Rohne, E; Sander, H G; Van Gemmeren, P; Zeitnitz, C; Aubert, Jean-Jacques; Bencheikh, A M; Benchouk, C; Bonissent, A; Bujosa, G; Calvet, D; Carr, J; Diaconu, C A; Konstantinidis, N P; Payre, P; Rousseau, D; Talby, M; Sadouki, A; Thulasidas, M; Tilquin, A; Trabelsi, K; Aleppo, M; Ragusa, F; Abt, I; Assmann, R W; Bauer, C; Blum, Walter; Dietl, H; Dydak, Friedrich; Ganis, G; Gotzhein, C; Jakobs, K; Kroha, H; Lütjens, G; Lutz, Gerhard; Männer, W; Moser, H G; Richter, R H; Rosado-Schlosser, A; Schael, S; Settles, Ronald; Seywerd, H C J; Saint-Denis, R; Wiedenmann, W; Wolf, G; Boucrot, J; Callot, O; Cordier, A; Davier, M; Duflot, L; Grivaz, J F; Heusse, P; Höcker, A; Jacquet, M; Kim, D W; Le Diberder, F R; Lefrançois, J; Lutz, A M; Nikolic, I A; Park, H J; Park, I C; Schune, M H; Simion, S; Veillet, J J; Videau, I; Zerwas, D; Azzurri, P; Bagliesi, G; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bozzi, C; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Ciocci, M A; Ciulli, V; Dell'Orso, R; Fantechi, R; Ferrante, I; Giassi, A; Gregorio, A; Ligabue, F; Lusiani, A; Marrocchesi, P S; Messineo, A; Palla, Fabrizio; Rizzo, G; Sanguinetti, G; Sciabà, A; Spagnolo, P; Steinberger, Jack; Tenchini, Roberto; Tonelli, G; Vannini, C; Verdini, P G; Walsh, J; Blair, G A; Bryant, L M; Cerutti, F; Chambers, J T; Gao, Y; Green, M G; Medcalf, T; Perrodo, P; Strong, J A; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Botterill, David R; Clifft, R W; Edgecock, T R; Haywood, S; Maley, P; Norton, P R; Thompson, J C; Wright, A E; Bloch-Devaux, B; Colas, P; Emery, S; Kozanecki, Witold; Lançon, E; Lemaire, M C; Locci, E; Marx, B; Pérez, P; Rander, J; Renardy, J F; Roussarie, A; Schuller, J P; Schwindling, J; Trabelsi, A; Vallage, B; Black, S N; Dann, J H; Johnson, R P; Kim, H Y; Litke, A M; McNeil, M A; Taylor, G; Booth, C N; Boswell, R; Brew, C A J; Cartwright, S L; Combley, F; Köksal, A; Lehto, M H; Newton, W M; Reeve, J; Thompson, L F; Böhrer, A; Brandt, S; Büscher, V; Cowan, G D; Grupen, Claus; Saraiva, P; Smolik, L; Stephan, F; Apollonio, M; Bosisio, L; Della Marina, R; Giannini, G; Gobbo, B; Musolino, G; Pütz, J; Rothberg, J E; Wasserbaech, S R; Williams, R W; Armstrong, S R; Bellantoni, L; Elmer, P; Feng, Z; Ferguson, D P S; Gao, Y S; González, S; Grahl, J; Greening, T C; Hayes, O J; Hu, H; McNamara, P A; Nachtman, J M; Orejudos, W; Pan, Y B; Saadi, Y; Schmitt, M; Scott, I J; Walsh, A M; Wu Sau Lan; Wu, X; Yamartino, J M; Zheng, M; Zobernig, G

    1996-01-01

    The four-jet final state is analyzed to search for hadronic decays of pair-produced heavy particles. The analysis uses the ALEPH data collected at LEP in November 1995 at centre-of-mass energies of 130 and 136~GeV, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 5.7~\\inpb. An excess of four-jet events is observed with respect to the standard model predictions. In addition, these events exhibit an enhancement in the sum of the two di-jet masses around 105~\\Gcs. The properties of these events are studied and compared to the expectations from standard processes and to pair production hypotheses.

  6. Regionalização e acesso à saúde nos estados brasileiros: condicionantes históricos e político-institucionais Regionalization and access to healthcare in Brazilian states: historical and political-institutional conditioning factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Dias de Lima

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda o processo de regionalização da saúde nos estados brasileiros no período de 2007 a 2010, com o objetivo de identificar as condições que favorecem ou dificultam esse processo. Utilizou-se o referencial de análise de políticas públicas e, particularmente, do institucionalismo histórico. Três dimensões sintetizam os condicionantes da regionalização: contexto (histórico-estrutural, político-institucional e conjuntural, direcionalidade (ideologia, objeto, atores, estratégias e instrumentos e características da regionalização (institucionalidade e governança. A pesquisa empírica privilegiou a análise de documentos oficiais e entrevistas com atores-chave em 24 estados. Observaram-se combinações de fatores e padrões de influência distintos nos estados, sendo a regionalização marcada por importantes ganhos de institucionalidade e governança no período. Entretanto, dificuldades inerentes aos contextos comprometem maiores avanços. Há necessidade de ampliar o enfoque territorial no planejamento governamental e integrar políticas setoriais ao desenvolvimento regional de médio e longo prazo para fortalecer a regionalização e superar entraves ao acesso aos serviços de saúde no Brasil.This article examines the healthcare regionalization process in the Brazilian states in the period from 2007 to 2010, seeking to identify the conditions that favor or impede this process. Referential analysis of public policies and especially of historical institutionalism was used. Three dimensions sum up the conditioning factors of regionalization: context (historical-structural, political-institutional and conjunctural, directionality (ideology, object, actors, strategies and instruments and regionalization features (institutionality and governance. The empirical research relied mainly on the analysis of official documents and interviews with key actors in 24 states. Distinct patterns of influence in the states were

  7. Cross sections for the reactions e+e-→KS0KL0π0 , KS0KL0η , and KS0KL0π0π0 from events with initial-state radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Eigen, G.; Brown, D. N.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Fritsch, M.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; So, R. Y.; Blinov, V. E.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Lankford, A. J.; Gary, J. W.; Long, O.; Eisner, A. M.; Lockman, W. S.; Panduro Vazquez, W.; Chao, D. S.; Cheng, C. H.; Echenard, B.; Flood, K. T.; Hitlin, D. G.; Kim, J.; Miyashita, T. S.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Porter, F. C.; Röhrken, M.; Huard, Z.; Meadows, B. T.; Pushpawela, B. G.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Sun, L.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Bernard, D.; Verderi, M.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Garzia, I.; Luppi, E.; Santoro, V.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Martellotti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Rotondo, M.; Zallo, A.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Lacker, H. M.; Bhuyan, B.; Mallik, U.; Chen, C.; Cochran, J.; Prell, S.; Ahmed, H.; Gritsan, A. V.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Le Diberder, F.; Lutz, A. M.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Coleman, J. P.; Gabathuler, E.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Cowan, G.; Banerjee, Sw.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Gradl, W.; Griessinger, K.; Hafner, A.; Schubert, K. R.; Barlow, R. J.; Lafferty, G. D.; Cenci, R.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Cowan, R.; Robertson, S. H.; Dey, B.; Neri, N.; Palombo, F.; Cheaib, R.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Summers, D. J.; Taras, P.; De Nardo, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Jessop, C. P.; LoSecco, J. M.; Honscheid, K.; Kass, R.; Gaz, A.; Margoni, M.; Posocco, M.; Simi, G.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Akar, S.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bomben, M.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Calderini, G.; Chauveau, J.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Rossi, A.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Carpinelli, M.; Casarosa, G.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Oberhof, B.; Paoloni, E.; Rama, M.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Anulli, F.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Pilloni, A.; Piredda, G.; Bünger, C.; Dittrich, S.; Grünberg, O.; Heß, M.; Leddig, T.; Voß, C.; Waldi, R.; Adye, T.; Wilson, F. F.; Emery, S.; Vasseur, G.; Aston, D.; Cartaro, C.; Convery, M. R.; Dorfan, J.; Dunwoodie, W.; Ebert, M.; Field, R. C.; Fulsom, B. G.; Graham, M. T.; Hast, C.; Innes, W. R.; Kim, P.; Leith, D. W. G. S.; Luitz, S.; MacFarlane, D. B.; Muller, D. R.; Neal, H.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Roodman, A.; Sullivan, M. K.; Va'vra, J.; Wisniewski, W. J.; Purohit, M. V.; Wilson, J. R.; Randle-Conde, A.; Sekula, S. J.; Bellis, M.; Burchat, P. R.; Puccio, E. M. T.; Alam, M. S.; Ernst, J. A.; Gorodeisky, R.; Guttman, N.; Peimer, D. R.; Soffer, A.; Spanier, S. M.; Ritchie, J. L.; Schwitters, R. F.; Izen, J. M.; Lou, X. C.; Bianchi, F.; De Mori, F.; Filippi, A.; Gamba, D.; Lanceri, L.; Vitale, L.; Martinez-Vidal, F.; Oyanguren, A.; Albert, J.; Beaulieu, A.; Bernlochner, F. U.; King, G. J.; Kowalewski, R.; Lueck, T.; Nugent, I. M.; Roney, J. M.; Sobie, R. J.; Tasneem, N.; Gershon, T. J.; Harrison, P. F.; Latham, T. E.; Prepost, R.; Wu, S. L.; BaBar Collaboration

    2017-03-01

    We study the processes e+e- →KS0KL0π0 γ , KS0KL0η γ , and KS0KL0π0π0 γ , where the photon is radiated from the initial state, providing cross section measurements for the hadronic final states over a continuum of center-of-mass energies. The results are based on 469 fb-1 of data collected at or near the Υ (4 S ) resonance with the BABAR detector at SLAC. We present the first measurements of the e+e- →KS0KL0π0 , KS0KL0η , and KS0KL0π0π0 cross sections up to a center-of-mass energy of 4 GeV and study their intermediate resonance structures. We observe J /ψ decays to all of these final states for the first time, present measurements of their J /ψ branching fractions, and search for ψ (2 S ) decays.

  8. On the E-H transition in inductively coupled radio frequency oxygen plasmas: I. Density and temperature of electrons, ground state and singlet metastable molecular oxygen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegner, Th; Küllig, C.; Meichsner, J.

    2017-02-01

    In this series of two papers, the E-H transition in a planar inductively coupled radio frequency discharge (13.56 MHz) in pure oxygen is studied using comprehensive plasma diagnostic methods. The electron density serves as the main plasma parameter to distinguish between the operation modes. The (effective) electron temperature, which is calculated from the electron energy distribution function and the difference between the floating and plasma potential, halves during the E-H transition. Furthermore, the pressure dependency of the RF sheath extension in the E-mode implies a collisional RF sheath for the considered total gas pressures. The gas temperature increases with the electron density during the E-H transition and doubles in the H-mode compared to the E-mode, whereas the molecular ground state density halves at the given total gas pressure. Moreover, the singlet molecular metastable density reaches 2% in the E-mode and 4% in the H-mode of the molecular ground state density. These measured plasma parameters can be used as input parameters for global rate equation calculations to analyze several elementary processes. Here, the ionization rate for the molecular oxygen ions is exemplarily determined and reveals, together with the optical excitation rate patterns, a change in electronegativity during the mode transition.

  9. Search for Higgs Bosons and Other Massive States decaying into two Photons in $e^{+}e^{-}$ Collisions at 189 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Abbiendi, G.; Alexander, G.; Allison, John; Altekamp, N.; Anderson, K.J.; Anderson, S.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Ashby, S.F.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Ball, A.H.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, Roger J.; Batley, J.R.; Baumann, S.; Bechtluft, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, Kenneth Watson; Bella, G.; Bellerive, A.; Bentvelsen, S.; Bethke, S.; Betts, S.; Biebel, O.; Biguzzi, A.; Bloodworth, I.J.; Bock, P.; Bohme, J.; Bonacorsi, D.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Bright-Thomas, P.; Brigliadori, L.; Brown, Robert M.; Burckhart, H.J.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R.K.; Carter, A.A.; Carter, J.R.; Chang, C.Y.; Charlton, David G.; Chrisman, D.; Ciocca, C.; Clarke, P.E.L.; Clay, E.; Cohen, I.; Conboy, J.E.; Cooke, O.C.; Couchman, J.; Couyoumtzelis, C.; Coxe, R.L.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G.Marco; Davis, R.; De Jong, S.; de Roeck, A.; Dervan, P.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Dixit, M.S.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I.P.; Estabrooks, P.G.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Fanfani, A.; Fanti, M.; Faust, A.A.; Feld, L.; Fiedler, F.; Fierro, M.; Fleck, I.; Frey, A.; Furtjes, A.; Futyan, D.I.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, J.W.; Gaycken, G.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W.R.; Gingrich, D.M.; Glenzinski, D.; Goldberg, J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Graham, K.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwe, M.; Hajdu, C.; Hanson, G.G.; Hansroul, M.; Hapke, M.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hargrove, C.K.; Harin-Dirac, M.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C.M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R.J.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R.D.; Hildreth, M.D.; Hill, J.C.; Hobson, P.R.; Hocker, James Andrew; Hoffman, Kara Dion; Homer, R.J.; Honma, A.K.; Horvath, D.; Hossain, K.R.; Howard, R.; Huntemeyer, P.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Imrie, D.C.; Ishii, K.; Jacob, F.R.; Jawahery, A.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Jones, C.R.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T.R.; Kanaya, N.; Kanzaki, J.; Karlen, D.; Kartvelishvili, V.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Kayal, P.I.; Keeler, R.K.; Kellogg, R.G.; Kennedy, B.W.; Kim, D.H.; Klier, A.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Kokott, T.P.; Kolrep, M.; Komamiya, S.; Kowalewski, Robert V.; Kress, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kuhl, T.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G.D.; Landsman, H.; Lanske, D.; Lauber, J.; Lawson, I.; Layter, J.G.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Liebisch, R.; List, B.; Littlewood, C.; Lloyd, A.W.; Lloyd, S.L.; Loebinger, F.K.; Long, G.D.; Losty, M.J.; Lu, J.; Ludwig, J.; Lui, D.; Macchiolo, A.; Macpherson, A.; Mader, W.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Martin, A.J.; Martin, J.P.; Martinez, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mattig, Peter; McDonald, W.John; McKenna, J.; Mckigney, E.A.; McMahon, T.J.; McPherson, R.A.; Meijers, F.; Mendez-Lorenzo, P.; Merritt, F.S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D.J.; Mohr, W.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Neal, H.A.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S.W.; Oakham, F.G.; Odorici, F.; Ogren, H.O.; Okpara, A.; Oreglia, M.J.; Orito, S.; Pasztor, G.; Pater, J.R.; Patrick, G.N.; Patt, J.; Perez-Ochoa, R.; Petzold, S.; Pfeifenschneider, P.; Pilcher, J.E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, David E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Polok, J.; Przybycien, M.; Quadt, A.; Rembser, C.; Rick, H.; Robertson, S.; Robins, S.A.; Rodning, N.; Roney, J.M.; Rosati, S.; Roscoe, K.; Rossi, A.M.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D.R.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sahr, O.; Sang, W.M.; Sarkisian, E.K.G.; Sbarra, C.; Schaile, A.D.; Schaile, O.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schmitt, S.; Schoning, A.; Schroder, Matthias; Schumacher, M.; Schwick, C.; Scott, W.G.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T.G.; Shen, B.C.; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C.H.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G.P.; Sittler, A.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A.M.; Snow, G.A.; Sobie, R.; Soldner-Rembold, S.; Spagnolo, S.; Sproston, M.; Stahl, A.; Stephens, K.; Steuerer, J.; Stoll, K.; Strom, David M.; Strohmer, R.; Surrow, B.; Talbot, S.D.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Teuscher, R.; Thiergen, M.; Thomas, J.; Thomson, M.A.; Torrence, E.; Towers, S.; Trigger, I.; Trocsanyi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turcot, A.S.; Turner-Watson, M.F.; Ueda, I.; Van Kooten, Rick J.; Vannerem, P.; Verzocchi, M.; Voss, H.; Wackerle, F.; Wagner, A.; Ward, C.P.; Ward, D.R.; Watkins, P.M.; Watson, A.T.; Watson, N.K.; Wells, P.S.; Wermes, N.; Wetterling, D.; White, J.S.; Wilson, G.W.; Wilson, J.A.; Wyatt, T.R.; Yamashita, S.; Zacek, V.; Zer-Zion, D.

    1999-01-01

    A search is described for the generic process e+e- to X Y, where X is a neutral heavy scalar boson decaying into a pair of photons, and Y is a neutral heavy boson (scalar or vector) decaying into a fermion pair. The search is motivated mainly by the cases where either X, or both X and Y, are Higgs bosons. In particular, we investigate the case where X is the Standard Model Higgs boson and Y the Z0 boson. Other models with enhanced Higgs boson decay couplings to photon pairs are also considered. The present search combines the data set collected by the OPAL collaboration at 189 GeV collider energy, having an integrated luminosity of 182.6pb-1, with data samples collected at lower energies. The search results have been used to put 95% confidence level bounds, as functions of the mass of X, on the product of the cross-section and the relevant branching ratios, both in a model independent manner and for the particular models considered.

  10. Theoretical description of electronically excited vinylidene up to 10 eV: First high level ab initio study of singlet valence and Rydberg states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boyé-Péronne, Séverine; Gauyacq, Dolores [Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d’Orsay, UMR 8214, CNRS and Université Paris-Sud, Bât. 210, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Liévin, Jacques, E-mail: jlievin@ulb.ac.be [Service de Chimie Quantique et Photophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Cpi 160/09, 50 Av. F.D. Roosevelt, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium)

    2014-11-07

    The first quantitative description of the Rydberg and valence singlet electronic states of vinylidene lying in the 0–10 eV region is performed by using large scale ab initio calculations. A deep analysis of Rydberg-valence interactions has been achieved thanks to the comprehensive information contained in the accurate Multi-Reference Configuration Interaction wavefunctions and an original population analysis highlighting the respective role played by orbital and state mixing in such interactions. The present theoretical approach is thus adequate for dealing with larger than diatomic Rydberg systems. The nine lowest singlet valence states have been optimized. Among them, some are involved in strong Rydberg-valence interactions in the region of the Rydberg state equilibrium geometry. The Rydberg states of vinylidene present a great similarity with the acetylene isomer, concerning their quantum defects and Rydberg molecular orbital character. As in acetylene, strong s-d mixing is revealed in the n = 3 s-d supercomplex. Nevertheless, unlike in acetylene, the close-energy of the two vinylidene ionic cores {sup 2}A{sub 1} and {sup 2}B{sub 1} results into two overlapped Rydberg series. These Rydberg series exhibit local perturbations when an accidental degeneracy occurs between them and results in avoided crossings. In addition, some Δl = 1 (s-p and p-d) mixings arise for some Rydberg states and are rationalized in term of electrostatic interaction from the electric dipole moment of the ionic core. The strongest dipole moment of the {sup 2}B{sub 1} cationic state also stabilizes the lowest members of the n = 3 Rydberg series converging to this excited state, as compared to the adjacent series converging toward the {sup 2}A{sub 1} ionic ground state. The overall energies of vinylidene Rydberg states lie above their acetylene counterpart. Finally, predictions for optical transitions in singlet vinylidene are suggested for further experimental spectroscopic

  11. Il “caso”, la vita e le sue condizioni. Per una antropologia politica del welfare state in Italia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Minelli

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In questo articolo vengono analizzate da una prospettiva etnografica le forme di assistenza sociale rivolte ad anziani con disabilità attraverso una definizione politica del welfare oggi in Italia. Lo spazio dell’assistenza sanitaria che tende a essere standardizzato secondo parametri biomedici, burocratici ed economico-amministrativi, viene osservato concentrandosi sull’agency sviluppata nell'interazione tra assistenti sociali, care givers e utenti tra la casa, il sistema sanitario e le cooperative sociali di servizi. In questo modo, sono prese in esame le esperienze quotidiane nella sfera intima della casa del paziente e le catene di interazione che si svolgono nella sfera pubblica. Sulla base di questa analisi, ci proponiamo di ripensare la vulnerabilità vissuta da tutti i soggetti coinvolti in relazione al riconoscimento dei diritti e alla partecipazione politica. Il caso di studio ci permette di interrogare antropologicamente la questione sociale in relazione alle recenti trasformazioni del mercato del lavoro. Il lavoro sociale coinvolto nella definizione di un caso è infatti un momento cruciale nella lotta per il riconoscimento. In tali circostanze le persone espongono e condividono gli eventi legati al proprio corpo e alla sofferenza sociale, al fine di vedere riconosciute e legittimate richieste in cui è in discussione il diritto di esistere, dove è in gioco la vita stessa. 

  12. Effect of vitamins E+C and taurine on the oxidative state of DNA in the liver of growing pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sawosz, E.; Strawa, A.; Chwalibog, Andrzej;

    2004-01-01

    Growing pigs (n=21)at an initial liveweight of 30 kg were divided into three groups of 7 animals each and housed in individual cages for 100 days. The pigs were fed with similar diets (13.5 MJ ME and 178 g crude protein/kg) but with different additions of vitamins C+E and taurine. The antioxidative...... vitamins E and C supplied to diets with high energy concentrations (containing lard) can act as pro-oxidants on liver DNA in growing pigs. Taurine decreased the concentration of products from nucleotide oxidation, but in the presence of vitamin E and C, promoted hepatocyte lesions....

  13. Energy scan of the $e^+e^- \\to h_b(nP)\\pi^+\\pi^-$ $(n=1,2)$ cross sections and evidence for the $\\Upsilon(11020)$ decays into charged bottomonium-like states

    CERN Document Server

    Mizuk, R.; Adamczyk, K.; Aihara, H.; Al Said, S.; Arinstein, K.; Arita, Y.; Asner, D.M.; Aso, T.; Atmacan, H.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Ayad, R.; Aziz, T.; Babu, V.; Badhrees, I.; Bahinipati, S.; Bakich, A.M.; Bala, A.; Ban, Y.; Bansal, V.; Barberio, E.; Barrett, M.; Bartel, W.; Bay, A.; Bedny, I.; Behera, P.; Belhorn, M.; Belous, K.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bhuyan, B.; Bischofberger, M.; Biswal, J.; Bloomfield, T.; Blyth, S.; Bobrov, A.; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, G.; Bookwalter, C.; Bozek, A.; Bračko, M.; Breibeck, F.; Brodzicka, J.; Browder, T.E.; Červenkov, D.; Chang, M. -C.; Chang, P.; Chao, Y.; Chekelian, V.; Chen, A.; Chen, K. -F.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B.G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Cho, K.; Chobanova, V.; Choi, S. -K.; Choi, Y.; Cinabro, D.; Crnkovic, J.; Dalseno, J.; Danilov, M.; Dash, N.; Di Carlo, S.; Dingfelder, J.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Drutskoy, A.; Dubey, S.; Dutta, D.; Dutta, K.; Eidelman, S.; Epifanov, D.; Esen, S.; Farhat, H.; Fast, J.E.; Feindt, M.; Ferber, T.; Frey, A.; Frost, O.; Fujikawa, M.; Fulsom, B.G.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Ganguly, S.; Garmash, A.; Getzkow, D.; Gillard, R.; Giordano, F.; Glattauer, R.; Goh, Y.M.; Golob, B.; Greenwald, D.; Grosse Perdekamp, M.; Grygier, J.; Grzymkowska, O.; Guo, H.; Haba, J.; Hamer, P.; Han, Y.L.; Hara, K.; Hara, T.; Hasegawa, Y.; Hasenbusch, J.; Hayasaka, K.; Hayashii, H.; He, X.H.; Heck, M.; Hedges, M.; Heffernan, D.; Heider, M.; Heller, A.; Higuchi, T.; Himori, S.; Hirose, S.; Horiguchi, T.; Hoshi, Y.; Hoshina, K.; Hou, W. -S.; Hsiung, Y.B.; Hsu, C. -L.; Huschle, M.; Hyun, H.J.; Igarashi, Y.; Iijima, T.; Imamura, M.; Inami, K.; Inguglia, G.; Ishikawa, A.; Itagaki, K.; Itoh, R.; Iwabuchi, M.; Iwasaki, M.; Iwasaki, Y.; Iwashita, T.; Iwata, S.; Jacobs, W.W.; Jaegle, I.; Jeon, H.B.; Joffe, D.; Jones, M.; Joo, K.K.; Julius, T.; Kakuno, H.; Kang, J.H.; Kang, K.H.; Kapusta, P.; Kataoka, S.U.; Katayama, N.; Kato, E.; Kato, Y.; Katrenko, P.; Kawai, H.; Kawasaki, T.; Kichimi, H.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, B.H.; Kim, D.Y.; Kim, H.J.; Kim, J.B.; Kim, J.H.; Kim, K.T.; Kim, M.J.; Kim, S.H.; Kim, S.K.; Kim, Y.J.; Kinoshita, K.; Kleinwort, C.; Klucar, J.; Ko, B.R.; Kobayashi, N.; Koblitz, S.; Kodyš, P.; Koga, Y.; Korpar, S.; Kouzes, R.T.; Križan, P.; Krokovny, P.; Kronenbitter, B.; Kuhr, T.; Kumar, R.; Kumita, T.; Kurihara, E.; Kuroki, Y.; Kuzmin, A.; Kvasnička, P.; Kwon, Y. -J.; Lai, Y. -T.; Lange, J.S.; Lee, D.H.; Lee, I.S.; Lee, S. -H.; Leitgab, M.; Leitner, R.; Levit, D.; Lewis, P.; Li, C.; Li, H.; Li, J.; Li, L.; Li, X.; Li, Y.; Li Gioi, L.; Libby, J.; Limosani, A.; Liu, C.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Z.Q.; Liventsev, D.; Loos, A.; Louvot, R.; Lukin, P.; MacNaughton, J.; Masuda, M.; Matvienko, D.; Matyja, A.; McOnie, S.; Mikami, Y.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyachi, Y.; Miyake, H.; Miyata, H.; Miyazaki, Y.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G.B.; Mohanty, S.; Mohapatra, D.; Moll, A.; Moon, H.K.; Mori, T.; Moser, H. -G.; Müller, T.; Muramatsu, N.; Mussa, R.; Nagamine, T.; Nagasaka, Y.; Nakahama, Y.; Nakamura, I.; Nakamura, K.; Nakano, E.; Nakano, H.; Nakano, T.; Nakao, M.; Nakayama, H.; Nakazawa, H.; Nanut, T.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nayak, M.; Nedelkovska, E.; Negishi, K.; Neichi, K.; Ng, C.; Niebuhr, C.; Niiyama, M.; Nisar, N.K.; Nishida, S.; Nishimura, K.; Nitoh, O.; Nozaki, T.; Ogawa, A.; Ogawa, S.; Ohshima, T.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S.L.; Ono, Y.; Onuki, Y.; Ostrowicz, W.; Oswald, C.; Ozaki, H.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Pal, B.; Palka, H.; Panzenböck, E.; Park, C. -S.; Park, C.W.; Park, H.; Park, K.S.; Paul, S.; Peak, L.S.; Pedlar, T.K.; Peng, T.; Pesantez, L.; Pestotnik, R.; Peters, M.; Petrič, M.; Piilonen, L.E.; Poluektov, A.; Prasanth, K.; Prim, M.; Prothmann, K.; Pulvermacher, C.; Purohit, M.V.; Rauch, J.; Reisert, B.; Ribežl, E.; Ritter, M.; Röhrken, M.; Rorie, J.; Rostomyan, A.; Rozanska, M.; Ryu, S.; Sahoo, H.; Saito, T.; Sakai, K.; Sakai, Y.; Sandilya, S.; Santel, D.; Santelj, L.; Sanuki, T.; Sasao, N.; Sato, Y.; Savinov, V.; Schneider, O.; Schnell, G.; Schönmeier, P.; Schram, M.; Schwanda, C.; Schwartz, A.J.; Schwenker, B.; Seidl, R.; Seino, Y.; Sekiya, A.; Semmler, D.; Senyo, K.; Seon, O.; Seong, I.S.; Sevior, M.E.; Shang, L.; Shapkin, M.; Shebalin, V.; Shen, C.P.; Shibata, T. -A.; Shibuya, H.; Shinomiya, S.; Shiu, J. -G.; Shwartz, B.; Sibidanov, A.; Simon, F.; Singh, J.B.; Sinha, R.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Y. -S.; Sokolov, A.; Soloviev, Y.; Solovieva, E.; Stanič, S.; Starič, M.; Steder, M.; Stypula, J.; Sugihara, S.; Sugiyama, A.; Sumihama, M.; Sumisawa, K.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Suzuki, K.; Suzuki, S.; Suzuki, S.Y.; Suzuki, Z.; Takeichi, H.; Tamponi, U.; Tanaka, M.; Tanaka, S.; Tanida, K.; Taniguchi, N.; Tatishvili, G.; Taylor, G.N.; Teramoto, Y.; Tikhomirov, I.; Trabelsi, K.; Trusov, V.; Tse, Y.F.; Tsuboyama, T.; Uchida, M.; Uchida, T.; Uchida, Y.; Uehara, S.; Ueno, K.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Urquijo, P.; Ushiroda, Y.; Usov, Y.; Vahsen, S.E.; Van Hulse, C.; Vanhoefer, P.; Varner, G.; Varvell, K.E.; Vervink, K.; Vinokurova, A.; Vorobyev, V.; Vossen, A.; Wagner, M.N.; Wang, C.H.; Wang, J.; Wang, M. -Z.; Wang, P.; Wang, X.L.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Wedd, R.; Wehle, S.; White, E.; Wiechczynski, J.; Williams, K.M.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B.D.; Yamada, S.; Yamamoto, H.; Yamaoka, J.; Yamashita, Y.; Yamauchi, M.; Yashchenko, S.; Ye, H.; Yelton, J.; Yook, Y.; Yuan, C.Z.; Yusa, Y.; Zhang, C.C.; Zhang, L.M.; Zhang, Z.P.; Zhao, L.; Zhilich, V.; Zhulanov, V.; Ziegler, M.; Zivko, T.; Zupanc, A.; Zwahlen, N.; Zyukova, O.

    2016-09-28

    Using data collected with the Belle detector in the energy region of the $\\Upsilon(10860)$ and $\\Upsilon(11020)$ resonances we measure the $e^+e^- \\to h_b(nP)\\pi^+\\pi^-$ $(n=1,2)$ cross sections. Their energy dependences show clear $\\Upsilon(10860)$ and $\\Upsilon(11020)$ peaks with a small or no non-resonant contribution. We study resonant structure of the $\\Upsilon(11020) \\to h_b(nP)\\pi^+\\pi^-$ transitions and find evidence that they proceed entirely via intermediate charged bottomonium-like states $Z_b(10610)$ and/or $Z_b(10650)$ (with current statistics we can not discriminate hypotheses of one or two intermediate states).

  14. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Physiographic Provinces

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the area of each physiographic province (Fenneman and Johnson, 1946) in square meters, compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of...

  15. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Bedrock Geology

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the area of bedrock geology types in square meters compiled for every catchment of MRB_E2RF1 catchments for Major River Basins...

  16. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Surficial Geology

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the area of surficial geology types in square meters compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of selected Major River Basins (MRBs,...

  17. Is there an excited state in {sup 11}Li at E{sub x}=1.3 MeV?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karataglidis, S.; Hansen, P.G.; Brown, B.A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab., East Lansing, MI (United States); Amos, K.; Dortmans, P.J. [Melbourne Univ., Parkville, VIC (Australia). School of Physics

    1997-12-31

    A coupled-channel optical model analysis of recent scattering data of {sup 11}Li from hydrogen at 68 MeV/nucleon suggests that there is an excited state in {sup 11}Li at 1.3 MeV excitation that has a J{sup {pi}} value of 3{sup +}/2. We have analysed the same data with a fully microscopic model of the optical potential for the elastic scattering and with a distorted wave approximation (DWA) for inelastic scattering assuming that the excited state is described by either of two candidates predicted by a (0 + 2){Dirac_h}{omega} shell model. Results are presented of the elastic scattering of 60 and 68 MeV protons from {sup 9}Li and {sup 11}Li, as well as for inelastic scattering of 68 MeV protons from {sup 11}Li leading to those shell model excited states. The analyses of the elastic scattering data successfully matched observations and suggest that the total cross section for the scattering from {sup 11}Li is larger than that for the scattering from {sup 9}Li. Our analysis of the scattering data presumed to be an excited state in {sup 11}Li, suggests that the observation is more likely to be the result of a nuclear `shake-off` mechanism leading to a three particle final state. (authors). 21 refs., 4 figs.

  18. Navigating the digital divide: A systematic review of eHealth literacy in underserved populations in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesser, Amy; Burke, Anne; Reyes, Jared; Rohrberg, Tessa

    2016-01-01

    eHealth provides an important mechanism to connect medically underserved populations with health information, but little is known about gaps in eHealth literacy research in underserved adult populations within the U.S. Between June and July 2013, three systematic literature reviews of five databases were conducted and a subsequent hand search was completed. Identified literature was screened and studies meeting exclusion and inclusion criteria were synthesized and analyzed for common themes. Of the 221 articles critically appraised, 15 met these criteria. Thirty-five of these studies were excluded due to international origin. Of the articles meeting the inclusion criteria, underserved populations assessed included immigrant women, the elderly, low-income, the un- and underemployed, and African-American and Hispanic populations. eHealth literacy assessments utilized included one or two item screeners, the eHEALS scale, health information competence and cognitive task analysis. Factors examined in relation to eHealth literacy included age, experience, overall health literacy, education, income and culture. The majority did not assess the impact of locality and those that did were predominately urban. These data suggest that there is a gap in the literature regarding eHealth literacy knowledge for underserved populations, and specifically those in rural locations, within the U.S.

  19. PUBLIC E-PROCUREMENT AND THE DUALITY OF TECHNOLOGY: A COMPARATIVE STUDY IN THE CONTEXT OF BRAZIL AND OF THE STATE OF PARAÍBA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Perazzo Barbosa Mota

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, an attempt was made to understand the e-procurement theme from the perspective of the duality of technology, understanding it both as a product and as a means for human actions, which, interacting with institutional properties, produces and reproduces the current organizational practices. From the multiple interpretative case studies conducted, it was evidenced that e-procurement is a subjective element, sometimes understood inconsistently by human agents in the different organizational contexts studied (Brazil and the State of Paraíba. Users appropriate the rules, knowledge, and assumptions incorporated into the implemented system to perform tasks, contributing to a reaffirmation of the status quo.

  20. Max Barry’s Jennifer Government and NationStates: neo-liberalism and the cultural public sphere = Jennifer Government, de Max Barry, e Estados-Nações: Neoliberalismo e a esfera pública da cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purnima Bose

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the United States, many people point to the corporatization of the media and the impoverishment of the public sphere as symptomatic of a crisis in democracy. While the mainstream media has not given much attention to popular anger against corporate globalization,literary works have started to explore this terrain, suggesting that the cultural public sphere is a parapolitical site for debates about economic neo-liberalism and its effects on people. This essayanalyzes the representation of neo-liberalism, corporate power, and resistance in Max Barry’s novel Jennifer Government and computer simulation game NationStates in the context of debates over globalization and the cultural public sphere.Muitas pessoas nos Estados Unidos alegam que a corporativismo dos meios de comunicação e o empobrecimento da esfera pública sãosintomas da crise na democracia. Enquanto os meios de comunicação principais não deram tanta importância à ira popular contra a globalização corporativa, muitos autores de obras literárias já começaram de analisar esse assunto. Sugerem que a esfera publica cultural é um lugar para-político para debates sobre o neoliberalismo econômico e suas conseqüências na população. Esse ensaio analisa a representação do neoliberalismo, poder corporativista e resistência no romance Jennifer Government, de Max Barry, e o jogo de computadorNationStates no contexto de debates sobre a globalização e a esfera pública cultural.

  1. Anatomia do lenho de Uncaria guianensis e U. tomentosa (Rubiaceae do estado do Acre, Brasil Wood anatomy of Uncaria guianensis e U. tomentosa (Rubiaceae from the State of Acre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Percy A. Zevallos Pollito

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available As plantas de Uncaria guianensis e U. tomentosa são lianas trepadeiras, arbustos trepadores ou rasteiros ascendentes que ocorrem em amplas áreas da Amazônia brasileira e países da América Central e do Sul. Possuem excepcional importância medicinal, com sua casca, lenho e folhas utilizadas pelos povos amazônicos e pela indústria farmacêutica. Face a necessidade da identificação das plantas em condições de campo e de laboratório, o presente trabalho descreveu a estrutura anatômica do lenho de Uncaria guianensis e U. tomentosa, ocorrentes no Estado do Acre, Brasil. Os resultados mostraram que o lenho das espécies é característico da família Rubiaceae, a exceção dos vasos arredondados, grandes e solitários, parenquima axial difuso e largura dos raios que são próprios das lianas.Uncaria guianensis and U. tomentosa are climbing lianas, bush lianas occuring in large areas of Brazilian Amazon and Central and South America countries. The species presented exceptional medicinal importance, with its bark, wood and leaves used by Amazon native people and pharmaceutical industries. Considering the importance of the species identification in field and laboratory conditions, the present work described the anatomical structure of Uncaria guianensis and U. tomentosa, which occurs in State of Acre, Brazil. The results showed that the wood of the species was characteristic of the Rubiaceae family, except the rounded vessel, greater and solitary, parenchyma axial diffuse and width of the rays, proper of lianas.

  2. Controle da corrupção e reforma do Estado: O governo Covas -1995-2000 Corruption control and State reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Fonseca

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Com base em um estudo de caso do governo do Estado de São Paulo no período 1995-2000 examinam-se as formas de manifestação do problema da corrupção e as medidas legais e institucionais adotadas por esse governo para controlá-lo. Especial atenção é dada à questão do fortalecimento dos controles internos do aparato estatal.On the basis of a case study of the administration of the State government of São Paulo between 1995 and 2000 the ways in which the problem of corruption makes itself felt and the legal and institutional measures taken to put it under control are examined. Special attention is given to the question of the internal controls of the State apparatus.

  3. Literature Review of Cloud Based E-learning Adoption by Students: State of the Art and Direction for Future Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan Kayali, Mohammad; Safie, Nurhizam; Mukhtar, Muriati

    2016-11-01

    Cloud computing is a new paradigm shift in information technology. Most of the studies in the cloud are business related while the studies in cloud based e-learning are few. The field is still in its infancy and researchers have used several adoption theories to discover the dimensions of this field. The purpose of this paper is to review and integrate the literature to understand the current situation of the cloud based e-learning adoption. A total of 312 articles were extracted from Science direct, emerald, and IEEE. Screening processes were applied to select only the articles that are related to the cloud based e-learning. A total of 231 removed because they are related to business organization. Next, a total of 63 articles were removed because they are technical articles. A total of 18 articles were included in this paper. A frequency analysis was conducted on the paper to identify the most frequent factors, theories, statistical software, respondents, and countries of the studies. The findings showed that usefulness and ease of use are the most frequent factors. TAM is the most prevalent adoption theories in the literature. The mean of the respondents in the reviewed studies is 377 and Malaysia is the most researched countries in terms of cloud based e-learning. Studies of cloud based e-learning are few and more empirical studies are needed.

  4. Correlations between polarisation states of W particles in the reaction e {sup -}e{sup +}{yields}W{sup -}W{sup +} at LEP2 energies 189-209 GeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdallah, J.; Antilogus, P.; Augustin, J.E.; Baubillier, M.; Berggren, M.; Silva, W. da; Kapusta, F.; Savoy-Navarro, A. [Univ. Paris VI et VII, LPNHE, IN2P3-CNRS, Paris Cedex 05 (France); Abreu, P.; Andringa, S.; Anjos, N.; Castro, N.; Espirito Santo, M.C.; Goncalves, P.; Moreno, S.; Onofre, A.; Peralta, L.; Pimenta, M.; Tome, B.; Veloso, F. [FCUL, LIP, IST, Lisboa Codex (Portugal); Adam, W.; Buschbeck, B.; Leder, G.; Liko, D.; MacNaughton, J.; Mandl, F.; Mitaroff, W.; Strauss, J. [Oesterr. Akad. d. Wissensch., Institut fuer Hochenergiephysik, Vienna (Austria); Adzic, P.; Fanourakis, G.; Kokkinias, P.; Loukas, D.; Markou, A.; Mastroyiannopoulos, N.; Nassiakou, M.; Tzamarias, S.; Zupan, M. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, N.C.S.R. Demokritos, P.O. Box 60228, Athens (Greece); Albrecht, T.; Allmendinger, T.; Apel, W.D.; Boer, W. de; Feindt, M.; Haag, C.; Hauler, F.; Hennecke, M.; Jungermann, L.; Kerzel, U.; Moch, M.; Rehn, J.; Sander, C.; Stanitzki, M.; Weiser, C. [Universitaet Karlsruhe, Institut fuer Experimentelle Kernphysik, Postfach 6980, Karlsruhe (Germany); Alemany-Fernandez, R.; Ask, S.; Augustinus, A.; Baillon, P.; Battaglia, M.; Camporesi, T.; Carena, F.; Charpentier, P.; Chierici, R.; Chudoba, J.; Chung, S.U.; Collins, P.; Elsing, M.; Foeth, H.; Gavillet, P.; Holt, P.J.; Joram, C.; Kjaer, N.J.; Marin, J.C.; Mariotti, C.; Pape, L.; Parzefall, U.; Piotto, E.; Poireau, V.; Rebecchi, P.; Schwickerath, U.; Spassov, T.; Treille, D.; Van Eldik, J.; Van Vulpen, I.; Wicke, D. [CERN, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Allport, P.P.; Booth, P.S.L.; Bowcock, T.J.V.; Houlden, M.A.; Jackson, J.N.; King, B.T.; Nulty, R.Mc; Palacios, J.P.; Tobin, M.; Washbrook, A.J. [University of Liverpool, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 147, Liverpool (United Kingdom); Amaldi, U.; Bonesini, M.; Calvi, M.; Matteuzzi, C.; Paganoni, M.; Pullia, A.; Tabarelli, T.; Tonazzo, A. [Univ. di Milano-Bicocca (Italy); INFN-MILANO, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milan (Italy)] [and others

    2009-10-15

    In a study of the reaction e {sup -}e{sup +}{yields}W{sup -}W{sup +} with the DELPHI detector, the probabilities of the two W particles occurring in the joint polarisation states transverse-transverse (TT), longitudinal-transverse plus transverse-longitudinal (LT) and longitudinal-longitudinal (LL) have been determined using the final states WW{yields}l{nu}q anti q(l=e,{mu}). The two-particle joint polarisation probabilities, i.e. the spin density matrix elements {rho}{sub TT}, {rho}{sub LT}, {rho}{sub LL}, are measured as functions of the W{sup -} production angle, {theta}{sub W{sup -}}at an average reaction energy of 198.2 GeV. Averaged over all cos {theta}{sub W}{sup -}, the following joint probabilities are obtained: anti {rho}{sub TT}=(67{+-}8)%, anti {rho}{sub LT}=(30{+-}8)%, anti {rho}{sub LL}=(3{+-}7)%. These results are in agreement with the Standard Model predictions of 63.0%, 28.9% and 8.1%, respectively. The related polarisation cross-sections {sigma}{sub TT}, {sigma}{sub LT} and {sigma}{sub LL} are also presented. (orig.)

  5. Anti-Microbial Resistance Profiles Of E. Coli Isolated From Free Range Chickens In Urban And Rural Environments Of Imo State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Okoli IC

    2006-01-01

    Information on the resistance profiles of normal intestinal flora of extensively reared chickens that hardly receive antibiotics in the developing countries can serve as important means of understanding the human/animal pathogens drug resistance interactions in the zone. Three hundred and fifty E. coli isolates, comprising 133 from urban and 217 from rural sites in Imo state, Nigeria, were screened for anti-microbial resistance profile against 10 antibiotics using the disc diffusion method. O...

  6. Staff Development in State Agencies Serving the Developmentally Disabled: An H.E.W. Region V Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for the Study of Mental Retardation.

    A summary of data on inservice training programs for state agencies providing services to the developmentally disabled in Ohio, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Minnesota (Health, Education, and Welfare Region V) is provided. After a brief description of the purpose and methodology of the survey, the findings are presented. Among…

  7. Energy and social and environmental consequences in Rondonia State, Brazil; Energia e reflexos socio-ambientais em Rondonia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lascio, Vania L. di [Brasilia Univ., DF (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Agronomica; Paz, Luciana R.L. da [Brasilia Univ., DF (Brazil). Dept. de Sociologia

    1996-12-31

    The social and environmental consequences of the recent occupation of the State of Rondonia, Brazil, are presented.The lack of basic structure for settlement of the migrants brought many problems and in this context, the use of renewable energy could be the basis for developing the region 10 refs., 2 figs.

  8. Geothermal resource assessment for the state of Texas: status of progress, November 1980. Final report. Appendices E through H

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woodruff, C.M. Jr.; Caran, S.C.; Gever, C.; Henry, C.D.; Macpherson, G.L.; McBride, M.W.

    1982-03-01

    These appendices include: a folio of maps showing lineaments perceived across the state; an index and critique of the Landsat images used in perceiving the lineaments; a selected bibliography on lineaments; and a discussion of area-specific assessments of geothermal resources near military bases in Bexar, Travis, and Val Verde Counties. (MHR)

  9. Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de genótipos de girassol nos estados do Rio Grande do Sul e Paraná Adaptability and stability of sunflower genotypes from the States of Rio Grande do Sul and Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Karolina Grunvald

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, objetivou-se estudar a adaptabilidade e estabilidade de genótipos de girassol nos Estados do Rio Grande do Sul e Paraná, quanto a rendimento de grãos e de óleo. Os dados analisados foram obtidos da Rede de Ensaios de Avaliação de Genótipos de Girassol, coordenada pela Embrapa Soja, entre 2003 e 2007. Os ensaios foram conduzidos em delineamento de blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições. Os métodos usados foram os de Eberhart & Russel, Lin & Binns e Annicchiarico. Correlações próximas da unidade, em valores absolutos, foram obtidas entre a média geral dos genótipos e os parâmetros de adaptabilidade dos métodos de Lin & Binns e Annicchiarico. Contudo, o método de Eberhart & Russel teve a vantagem de indicar genótipos com adaptação a ambientes específicos. Nesse método, os híbridos Agrobel 959 e Helio 360 e a variedade BRSGira 02 foram considerados ideais, por apresentar bons desempenhos em rendimento de grãos, adaptabilidade geral e boa previsibilidade. Para rendimento de óleo, essas características foram encontradas nos híbridos Agrobel 959 e EXP 1441 e nas variedades BRSGira 01, BRSGira 02 e BRSGira 03.The objective of this paper was to study the adaptability and stability of sunflower genotypes from the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Paraná, according to their grain and oil yield. The analyzed data were obtained from the Official Sunflower Trials Network, coordinated by Embrapa Soja, from the year 2003 to 2007. The experiment was carried out in randomized block design with four replicates. The Eberhart & Russel, Lin & Binns, and Annicchiarico methods were used. Correlations close to the unit in absolute values were obtained between the general average of genotypes and the adaptability parameters of Lin & Bins and Annicchiarico methods. However, the method of Eberhart & Russel had the advantage of indicating genotypes with adaptation to specific environments. According to this method, the hybrids

  10. Phosphatase control of 4E-BP1 phosphorylation state is central for glycolytic regulation of retinal protein synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Thomas W; Abcouwer, Steven F; Losiewicz, Mandy K; Fort, Patrice E

    2015-09-15

    Control of protein synthesis in insulin-responsive tissues has been well characterized, but relatively little is known about how this process is regulated in nervous tissues. The retina exhibits a relatively high protein synthesis rate, coinciding with high basal Akt and metabolic activities, with the majority of retinal ATP being derived from aerobic glycolysis. We examined the dependency of retinal protein synthesis on the Akt-mTOR signaling and glycolysis using ex vivo rat retinas. Akt inhibitors significantly reduced retinal protein synthesis but did not affect glycolytic lactate production. Surprisingly, the glycolytic inhibitor 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) markedly inhibited Akt1 and Akt3 activities, as well as protein synthesis. The effects of 2-DG, and 2-fluorodeoxyglucose (2-FDG) on retinal protein synthesis correlated with inhibition of lactate production and diminished ATP content, with all these effects reversed by provision of d-mannose. 2-DG treatment was not associated with increased AMPK, eEF2, or eIF2α phosphorylation; instead, it caused rapid dephosphorylation of 4E-BP1. 2-DG reduced total mTOR activity by 25%, but surprisingly, it did not reduce mTORC1 activity, as indicated by unaltered raptor-associated mTOR autophosphorylation and ribosomal protein S6 phosphorylation. Dephosphorylation of 4E-BP1 was largely prevented by inhibition of PP1/PP2A phosphatases with okadaic acid and calyculin A, and inhibition of PPM1 phosphatases with cadmium. Thus, inhibition of retinal glycolysis diminished Akt and protein synthesis coinciding with accelerated dephosphorylation of 4E-BP1 independently of mTORC1. These results demonstrate a novel mechanism regulating protein synthesis in the retina involving an mTORC1-independent and phosphatase-dependent regulation of 4E-BP1.

  11. Resolving the 3D spatial orientation of helix I in the closed state of the colicin E1 channel domain by FRET. Insights into the integration mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugo, Miguel R; Ho, Derek; Merrill, A Rod

    2016-10-15

    Current evidence suggests that the closed-state membrane model for the channel-forming domain of colicin E1 involves eight amphipathic α-helices (helices I-VII and X) that adopt a two-dimensional arrangement on the membrane surface. Two central hydrophobic α-helices in colicin E1 (VIII and IX) adopt a transmembrane location-the umbrella model. Helices I and II have been shown to participate in the channel by forming a transmembrane segment (TM1) in the voltage-induced open channel state. Consequently, it is paramount to determine the relative location and orientation of helix I in the two-dimensional arrangement of the membrane. A new, low-resolution, three-dimensional model of the closed state of the colicin E1 channel was constructed based on FRET measurements between three naturally occurring Trp residues and three sites in helix I, in addition to previously reported FRET distances for the channel domain. Furthermore, a new mechanism for the channel integration process involving the transition of the soluble to membrane-bound form is presented based on a plethora of kinetic data for this process.

  12. NONLINEAR J-E CHARACTERISTICS IN THE ELECTRIC-THERMAL EQUILIBRIUM STATE FOR HIGH DENSITY POLYETHYLENE CONDUCTIVE COMPOSITES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiang Zheng; Yi-hu Song; Xiao-su Yi

    2001-01-01

    The nonlinear J-E characteristics under self-heating equilibrium for conductive composites based on high density polyethylene were studied. The results show that there are identical conduction mechanisms under self-heating equilibrium for the composites with various initial resistivities determined by filler content or ambient temperature. The nonlinear conduction behavior was involved in the limited microstructure transformations of the conducting network induced by electrical field applied and the corresponding self-heating effect. A reversible thermal fuse (RTF) model was suggested to interpret the physical origin of the nonlinear J-E characteristics.

  13. Partial deletion of eNOS gene causes hyperinsulinemic state, unbalance of cardiac insulin signaling pathways and coronary dysfunction independently of high fat diet.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Vecoli

    Full Text Available Abnormalities in eNOS gene, possibly interacting with high fat diet (HFD, affect peripheral vascular function and glucose metabolism. The relative role of eNOS gene, HFD and metabolic derangement on coronary function has not been fully elucidated. We test whether eNOS gene deficiency per se or in association with HFD modulates coronary function through mechanisms involving molecular pathways related to insulin signaling. Wild type (WT, eNOS-/- and eNOS+/- mice were studied. WT and eNOS+/- mice were fed with either standard or HF diet for 16 weeks and compared with standard diet fed eNOS-/-. Glucose and insulin tolerance tests were performed during the last week of diet. Coronary resistance (CR was measured at baseline and during infusions of acetylcholine (Ach or sodium-nitroprusside (SNP to evaluate endothelium-dependent or independent vasodilation, in the Langendorff isolated hearts. Cardiac expression of Akt and ERK genes as evaluation of two major insulin-regulated signaling pathways involved in the control of vascular tone were assessed by western blot. HFD-fed mice developed an overt diabetic state. Conversely, chow-fed genetically modified mice (in particular eNOS-/- showed a metabolic pattern characterized by normoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia with a limited degree of insulin resistance. CR was significantly higher in animals with eNOS gene deletions than in WT, independently of diet. Percent decrease in CR, during Ach infusion, was significantly lower in both eNOS-/- and eNOS+/- mice than in WT, independently of diet. SNP reduced CR in all groups except eNOS-/-. The cardiac ERK1-2/Akt ratio, increased in animals with eNOS gene deletions compared with WT, independently of diet. These results suggest that the eNOS genetic deficiency, associated or not with HFD, has a relevant effect on coronary vascular function, possibly mediated by increase in blood insulin levels and unbalance in insulin-dependent signaling in coronary vessels

  14. Assessing the Effectiveness of On-Farm and Abattoir Interventions in Reducing Pig Meat-Borne Salmonellosis within E.U. Member States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Andrew A; Simons, Robin L; Swart, Arno N; Kelly, Louise; Hald, Tine; Snary, Emma L

    2016-03-01

    As part of the evidence base for the development of national control plans for Salmonella spp. in pigs for E.U. Member States, a quantitative microbiological risk assessment was funded to support the scientific opinion required by the EC from the European Food Safety Authority. The main aim of the risk assessment was to assess the effectiveness of interventions implemented on-farm and at the abattoir in reducing human cases of pig meat-borne salmonellosis, and how the effects of these interventions may vary across E.U. Member States. Two case study Member States have been chosen to assess the effect of the interventions investigated. Reducing both breeding herd and slaughter pig prevalence were effective in achieving reductions in the number of expected human illnesses in both case study Member States. However, there is scarce evidence to suggest which specific on-farm interventions could achieve consistent reductions in either breeding herd or slaughter pig prevalence. Hypothetical reductions in feed contamination rates were important in reducing slaughter pig prevalence for the case study Member State where prevalence of infection was already low, but not for the high-prevalence case study. The most significant reductions were achieved by a 1- or 2-log decrease of Salmonella contamination of the carcass post-evisceration; a 1-log decrease in average contamination produced a 90% reduction in human illness. The intervention analyses suggest that abattoir intervention may be the most effective way to reduce human exposure to Salmonella spp. However, a combined farm/abattoir approach would likely have cumulative benefits. On-farm intervention is probably most effective at the breeding-herd level for high-prevalence Member States; once infection in the breeding herd has been reduced to a low enough level, then feed and biosecurity measures would become increasingly more effective.

  15. E-Mental Health Self-Management for Psychotic Disorders : State of the Art and Future Perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Krieke, Lian; Wunderink, Lex; Emerencia, Ando; de Jonge, Peter; Sytema, Sjoerd

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this review was to investigate to what extent information technology may support self-management among service users with psychotic disorders. The investigation aimed to answer the following questions: What types of e mental health self-management interventions have been developed and eva

  16. RDA Implementation and Training Issues across United States Academic Libraries: An In-Depth E-Mail Interview Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jung-ran; Tosaka, Yuji

    2015-01-01

    This study aims at providing in-depth perspectives on the ways in which cataloging and metadata professionals have coped with RDA training and implementation through an e-mail interview method. Results show that the performance-based, "learn-as-you-go," peer learning method is found by practitioners to be most effective in acquiring and…

  17. Personal Data Protection in E-Government: Globalization or Glocalization? A Comparative Study of the United States, Germany and China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yuehua

    2010-01-01

    The development and diffusion of information and communication technologies, particularly the internet, creates a worldwide trend of using ICTs and the internet to deliver public services. This new form of electronic administration--e-government--potentially offers great benefits to society in that it can enhance public service efficiency,…

  18. Acceptance and use of e-learning systems by undergraduate students of Ecuador: The case of a state university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Ramirez-Anormaliza

    2017-07-01

    Originality/value: This paper presents empirical data on the use and acceptance of e-learning systems for undergraduate students of a particular university in Ecuador. No similar studies are evident in the country and the model can be considered for future studies of national scope.

  19. Personal Data Protection in E-Government: Globalization or Glocalization? A Comparative Study of the United States, Germany and China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yuehua

    2010-01-01

    The development and diffusion of information and communication technologies, particularly the internet, creates a worldwide trend of using ICTs and the internet to deliver public services. This new form of electronic administration--e-government--potentially offers great benefits to society in that it can enhance public service efficiency,…

  20. E-Mental Health Self-Management for Psychotic Disorders : State of the Art and Future Perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Krieke, Lian; Wunderink, Lex; Emerencia, Ando; de Jonge, Peter; Sytema, Sjoerd

    The aim of this review was to investigate to what extent information technology may support self-management among service users with psychotic disorders. The investigation aimed to answer the following questions: What types of e mental health self-management interventions have been developed and

  1. Conhecimento histórico e crianças pequenas: parques infantis e escola municipal de educação infantil Historical knowledge and small children: children's playgrounds and the state's primary education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Aparecida Gobbi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo relata a experiência com o projeto "Os parques infantis de Mário de Andrade ontem e hoje", empreendido por todos os profissionais e crianças de uma escola municipal de Educação Infantil da cidade de São Paulo. A preocupação com o conhecimento histórico e as crianças da primeira infância e suas especificidades, numa perspectiva não-escolarizante e não-antecipatória do Ensino Fundamental, foi a tônica e um desafio. Procura aliar história e memória, estabelecendo relações entre História da Educação, história da escolarização de crianças pequenas e formação docente.This article discusses an experience with the project "The children's playgrounds of Mario de Andrade, yesterday and today", undertaken by all the professionals and children of a state primary school in the city of São Paulo. The concern with historical knowledge and the children in the first years of primary school, with their specific qualities, their un-schooled perspective and their inability to predict the school's teaching approach, was the keynote of this study and the challenge faced. A link between history and memory is sought, establishing a relationship between the History of Education, the history of small children being schooled and teacher training.

  2. Império, estado e ideologia na URSS stalinista Empire, state and ideology in stalinist USSR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Pons

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Muito aproximativos são os atuais conhecimentos sobre os processos de decisão e as estratégias que sustentaram a ascensão da potência soviética sob a liderança de Stalin, um legado irremovível quase até o fim. Vários documentos de arquivo permanecem fora do alcance dos investigadores, a começar por uma parte essencial das cartas pessoais de Stalin. Contudo, insistir na decision making pode ser um equívoco, pois o problema parece ser mais amplo: ele é resultado da dificuldade de se obter uma síntese interpretativa e um consenso historiográfico em torno das motivações profundas da política e da perspectiva imperial, dos elementos culturais e ideológicos que tinham prioridade nas estratégias de Stalin, das motivações e dos objetivos dessas mesmas estratégias. O presente artigo faz uma reflexão em torno dessa dificuldade.Too much aproximate indeed is the present understanding of the decision-making processes and strategies that gave support to the rise of the Soviet power under the leadership of Stalin, an insurmountable legacy almost to the end. Many archive sources are still out of reach, an essential part of Stalin's personal letters to begin with. However, to insist on decision making may be a mistake, because the problem seems wider: the difficulty of achieving an interpretative synthesis and historiographical consensus about the deep motivations underlying the imperial perspective and policies, the cultural and ideological elements of Stalin's strategies and their own motivations and objectives. This article is a reflection on that difficulty.

  3. Treatment of β-Thalassemia/Hemoglobin E with Antioxidant Cocktails Results in Decreased Oxidative Stress, Increased Hemoglobin Concentration, and Improvement of the Hypercoagulable State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orn-uma Yanpanitch

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the antioxidant treatment for thalassemia have reported variable outcomes. However, treatment of thalassemia with a combination of hydrophobic and hydrophilic antioxidants and an iron chelator has not been studied. This study investigated the effects of antioxidant cocktails for the treatment of β-thalassemia/hemoglobin E (HbE, which is the most common form of β-thalassemia in Southeast Asia. Sixty patients were divided into two groups receiving N-acetylcysteine, deferiprone, and either curcuminoids (CUR or vitamin E (Vit-E, and their hematological parameters, iron load, oxidative stress, and blood coagulation potential were evaluated. Patients were classified as responders if they showed the improvements of the markers of iron load and oxidative stress, otherwise as nonresponders. During treatment, the responders in both groups had significantly decreased iron load, oxidative stress, and coagulation potential and significantly increased antioxidant capacity and hemoglobin concentration. The significantly maximum increase (P<0.01 in hemoglobin concentration was 11% at month 4 in CUR group responders and 10% at month 10 in Vit-E group responders. In conclusion, the two antioxidant cocktails can improve anemia, iron overload, oxidative stress, and hypercoagulable state in β-thalassemia/HbE.

  4. Management strategies on the industrialization road of state-of-the-art technologies for e-waste recycling: the case study of electrostatic separation--a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Mianqiang; Li, Jia; Xu, Zhenming

    2013-02-01

    Electronic waste (e-waste) management is pressing as global production has increased significantly in the past few years and is rising continuously at a fast rate. Many countries are facing hazardous e-waste mountains, most of which are disposed of by backyard recyclers, creating serious threats to public health and ecosystems. Industrialization of state-of-the-art recycling technologies is imperative to enhance the comprehensive utilization of resources and to protect the environment. This article aims to provide an overview of management strategies solving the crucial problems during the process of industrialization. A typical case study of electrostatic separation for recycling waste printed circuit boards was discussed in terms of parameters optimization, materials flow control, noise assessment, risk assessment, economic evaluation and social benefits analysis. The comprehensive view provided by the review could be helpful to the progress of the e-waste recycling industry.

  5. Is there an excited state in {sup 11}Li at E{sub x} = 1.3 MeV?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karataglidis, S.; Hansen, P.G.; Brown, B.A.; Amos, K.; Dortmans, P.J

    1998-09-01

    The understanding of the structures of the light halo nuclei in terms of a spherical shell model has presented a challenge because of the very loose binding of the halo nucleons, which extend the matter distribution of those nuclei to large radii. The authors have performed a complete (0 + 2){Dirac_h}{omega} shell model calculation for the negative parity states of {sup 11}Li and a restricted (1 + 3){Dirac_h}{omega} shell-model calculation of the positive parity states in {sup 11}Li using the code OXBASH. A 0{Dirac_h}{omega} calculation of the ground state spectrum of 9{sup L}i was also performed. The model contained all orbits from the 0s up to, and including, the 0f 1p shell. Hence the restriction on the (1 + 3){Dirac_h}{omega} model space is only the exclusion of the single-particle excitations up to the 0g1d2s shell. The interaction used was the WBP interaction of Warburton and Brown, while their P(5-16)T interaction was used for the calculation of {sup 9}Li in a pure 0{Dirac_h}{omega} shell model. An energy shift was applied to the 2{Dirac_h}{omega}and 3{Dirac_h}{omega} components in each case to account for the neglect of higher {Dirac_h}{omega} components. The asymmetric energy spectrum observed seems to be essentially the result of the elastic scattering from the {sup 9}Li core leading to shakeoff . Dynamic effects of this kind are not in conflict with a shell model nor an alternative to it. They appear naturally if the transition in the spectrum from bound to continuum states is included explicitly 19 refs., 2 figs.

  6. Comparative analysis of Edwardsiella isolates from fish in the eastern United States identifies two distinct genetic taxa amongst organisms phenotypically classified as E. tarda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Matt J.; Quiniou, Sylvie M.; Cody, Theresa; Tabuchi, Maki; Ware, Cynthia; Cipriano, Rocco C.; Mauel, Michael J.; Soto, Esteban

    2013-01-01

    Edwardsiella tarda, a Gram-negative member of the family Enterobacteriaceae, has been implicated in significant losses in aquaculture facilities worldwide. Here, we assessed the intra-specific variability of E. tarda isolates from 4 different fish species in the eastern United States. Repetitive sequence mediated PCR (rep-PCR) using 4 different primer sets (ERIC I & II, ERIC II, BOX, and GTG5) and multi-locus sequence analysis of 16S SSU rDNA, groEl, gyrA, gyrB, pho, pgi, pgm, and rpoA gene fragments identified two distinct genotypes of E. tarda (DNA group I; DNA group II). Isolates that fell into DNA group II demonstrated more similarity to E. ictaluri than DNA group I, which contained the reference E. tarda strain (ATCC #15947). Conventional PCR analysis using published E. tarda-specific primer sets yielded variable results, with several primer sets producing no observable amplification of target DNA from some isolates. Fluorometric determination of G + C content demonstrated 56.4% G + C content for DNA group I, 60.2% for DNA group II, and 58.4% for E. ictaluri. Surprisingly, these isolates were indistinguishable using conventional biochemical techniques, with all isolates demonstrating phenotypic characteristics consistent with E. tarda. Analysis using two commercial test kits identified multiple phenotypes, although no single metabolic characteristic could reliably discriminate between genetic groups. Additionally, anti-microbial susceptibility and fatty acid profiles did not demonstrate remarkable differences between groups. The significant genetic variation (<90% similarity at gyrA, gyrB, pho, phi and pgm; <40% similarity by rep-PCR) between these groups suggests organisms from DNA group II may represent an unrecognized, genetically distinct taxa of Edwardsiella that is phenotypically indistinguishable from E. tarda.

  7. Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de linhagens de trigo no Estado de São Paulo Adaptability and stability inbred wheat lines of in São Paulo State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Perito Amorim

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Estimaram-se parâmetros de adaptabilidade e estabilidade, por meio de dois métodos não paramétricos, para produtividade de grãos, de 20 genótipos de trigo, sendo 18 linhagens mexicanas e duas cultivares comerciais, avaliadas em três locais do Estado de São Paulo, durante 2001 e 2002. Foram observados efeitos significativos para as fontes de variação genótipos, anos e locais, constatando-se que o comportamento das linhagens não foi coincidente para os dois anos e para os três locais de avaliação. As interações genótipos x locais, anos x locais e genótipos x locais x anos foram estatisticamente significativas. Independentemente do método e considerando a análise para os dois anos e os três locais, as linhagens 13 (HAHN/2*WEAVER e 3 (SERI M 82 figuraram entre as cinco primeiras no ranqueamento, com adaptabilidade e estabilidade amplas. Estas linhagens, em especial a linhagem 13, poderiam ser recomendadas para cultivo pelos agricultores desde que sejam avaliados outros caracteres agronômicas de interesse, entre eles o porte da planta, a resistência às doenças e a tolerância ao alumínio tóxico. Os dois procedimentos forneceram resultados semelhantes, de fácil estimativa e sobretudo fácil interpretação.Adaptability and Stability parameters were estimated by two non-parametric methodologies for grain yield in 20 wheat genotypes, 18 Mexican inbred lines and two cultivars, which were evaluated in three locations of São Paulo State, during 2001 and 2002. Significant effects were observed for genotypes, years and locations, indicating that the performance of the inbred lines was not coincident for the two years and the three locations. Genotypes x locations, years x locations and genotypes x years x locations interactions were significant. Independently of the methodology and considering the analysis for the two years and for the three locations, inbred lines 13 (HAHN/2*WEAVER and 3 (SERI M 82 ranked among the five, with

  8. Reforma do estado e condução política State reform and political conduct

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norbert Lechner

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Aponta-se como dimensão básica do poder do Estado a capacidade de conduzir os processos sociais. Argumenta-se que esta dimensão volta à centralidade após a onda "neoliberal". Discutem-se os problemas da reconstituição dessa capacidade em condições de crescente complexidade.The power of the state is seen as basically the ability to conduct social processes. It is argued that this dimension regains its centrality after the "neoliberal" wave. The problems in the reconstitution of this capacity in conditions of growing complexity are discussed.

  9. Reforma do estado e condução política State reform and political conduct

    OpenAIRE

    Norbert Lechner

    1996-01-01

    Aponta-se como dimensão básica do poder do Estado a capacidade de conduzir os processos sociais. Argumenta-se que esta dimensão volta à centralidade após a onda "neoliberal". Discutem-se os problemas da reconstituição dessa capacidade em condições de crescente complexidade.The power of the state is seen as basically the ability to conduct social processes. It is argued that this dimension regains its centrality after the "neoliberal" wave. The problems in the reconstitution of this capacity i...

  10. PARASITOS GASTRINTESTINAIS EM CAPRINOS E OVINOS DA MICRORREGIÃO DO ALTO MEARIM E GRAJAÚ, ESTADO DO MARANHÃO GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES IN GOATS AND SHEEPS FROM ALTO MEARIM AND GRAJAÚ MICROREGION, STATE OF MARANHÃO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Rodrigues Barros Brito

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo conhecer os nematoides gastrintestinais e verificar a presença de Eimeria spp. em caprinos e ovinos da microrregião do Alto Mearim e Grajaú, estado do Maranhão. Foram amostrados 384 animais (192 caprinos e 192 ovinos, pertencentes aos municípios de Formosa da Serra Negra, Grajaú e Sítio Novo. Coletaram-se amostras fecais de machos e fêmeas com idade superior a um ano, no período seco e chuvoso, sendo processadas pelos métodos de OPG e OoPG, utilizando-se a técnica de McMaster e a coprocultura. Das amostras de caprinos examinadas, 176 (91,66% estavam positivas para ovos de helmintos e 134 (69,79% continham oocistos do gênero Eimeria. Em ovinos, 122 (63,54% estavam positivas para ovos de helmintos e 113 (58,85% continham oocistos do gênero Eimeria. Foram observados ovos do tipo Strongyloidea, Strongyloides sp., Moniezia sp. e oocistos de Eimeria spp. Parasitando caprinos foram identificados os gêneros Haemonchus (35,41%, Trichostrongylus (27,29%, Cooperia (23,61%, Oesophagostomum (8,93% e Strongyloides (4,75%. Parasitando ovinos, foram identificados os gêneros Haemonchus (30,21%, Trichostrongylus (25,29%, Cooperia (24,28%, Oesophagostomum (14,12% e Strongyloides (6,09%. Os animais apresentaram-se mais parasitados no período chuvoso, sendo mais evidenciado nos machos. Os gêneros Haemonchus, Trichostrongylus, Cooperia e Eimeria são predominantes nos rebanhos de caprinos e ovinos da microrregião do Alto Mearim e Grajaú, Maranhão.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Brasil, cabras, Eimeria, helmintos gastrintestinais, ovinos. The objective of this work was to know the gastrointestinal nematodes and to verify the presence of Eimeria spp. in goats and sheeps of Alto Mearim and Grajaú microregion, Maranhão State. 384 animals (192 goats and 192 sheeps from the municipalities of Formosa da Serra Negra, Grajaú and Sítio Novo were sampled. Fecal samples from male and female aged more than one year were

  11. Universidade pública estatal: entre o público e privado/mercantil State public university: between the public and the private/mercantile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdemar Sguissardi

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Com este artigo pretende-se contribuir para o debate em torno do dilema que enfrentariam hoje as universidades estatais públicas, tanto nos países centrais como nos da periferia e semiperiferia, isto é, diante dos constrangimentos econômico-financeiros e da nova concepção de economia, de Estado e de direitos ou serviços públicos, verem-se identificadas como bem público ou privado/mercantil. Visa-se a mostrar que é a multissecular identidade universitária que está em jogo. Para tanto, partindo de fenômenos bastante universais como os da extraordinária expansão do setor privado, em especial privado/mercantil, da redução dos investimentos estatais nas universidades públicas e do trânsito da autonomia para a heteronomia universitária, problematizam-se o tema do conhecimento - provido pelo ensino superior - como bem público ou bem privado, as principais teses envolvidas nesta questão e suas decorrências para a identidade universitária. O material empírico do estudo constitui-se de alguns documentos do Banco Mundial, da OMC e da UNESCO, assim como de dados sobre financiamento e expansão da educação superior no Brasil, entre outros. À guisa de conclusão, e de modo sucinto, são examinados alguns novos ou renovados traços e marcas da universidade de "modelo anglo-saxão", modelo que parece tornar-se hegemônico em países do Norte e do Sul.With this article we intend to contribute to the debate on the dilemma the state public universities would face nowadays, both in the central countries and in those countries of the periphery and semi-periphery, that is, before the economic-financial constraints and the new conception of the economy of state and rights or public services. The state public univerties see themselves identified with knowledge as public good or private/mercantile. We aim to show that the identity of the classical university is at stake. For this purpose, considering the very universal phenomenon like the

  12. Coherent light from E-field induced quantum coupling of exciton states in superlattice-like quantum wells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyssenko, V. G.; Østergaard, John Erland; Hvam, Jørn Märcher;

    1999-01-01

    Summary form only given. We focus on the ability to control the electronic coupling in coupled quantum wells with external E-fields leading to a strong modification of the coherent light emission, in particular at a bias where a superlattice-like miniband is formed. More specifically, we investig...... investigate a MBE-grown GaAs sample with a sequence of 15 single quantum wells having a successive increase of 1 monolayer in width ranging from 62 A to 102 A and with AlGaAs barriers of 17 Å....

  13. Mormo em eqüídeos nos Estados de Pernambuco e Alagoas Glanders in horses and mules of the states of Pernambuco and Alagoas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinaldo A. Mota

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Com base em aspectos clínico-patológicos, epidemiológicos e sorológicos, bem como pelo isolamento de Burkholderia mallei, diagnosticaram-se focos de mormo em eqüídeos na Zona da Mata dos Estados de Pernambuco e Alagoas. Clinicamente observaram-se hipertermia, respiração ruidosa, inapetência, emagrecimento progressivo até caquexia, congestão nasal e descarga mucopurulenta, erosões, úlceras e cicatrizes na mucosa nasal. Os linfonodos mandibulares e cervicais superficiais apresentavam-se aumentados de volume, com abscessos e fístulas exsudando material purulento. Na pele, ao longo dos vasos linfáticos, havia formação de nódulos firmes e abscessos que, nos casos crônicos, fistulavam e ulceravam deixando cicatrizes estrelares. A histopatologia dos nódulos de diversos sítios, tanto dos eqüídeos como dos cobaios utilizados na prova de Straus, revelou lesões granulomatosas e piogranulomas. Os dados deste estudo evidenciam a emergência da doença nesta área e permitem recomendar inquéritos soro-epidemiológicos nos Estados de ocorrência dos surtos e nos Estados limítrofes.Based on clinical-pathological, epidemiological and serological aspects, as well as by the isolation of Burkholderia mallei, foci of glanders were diagnosed in equids of the "Zona da Mata" in the states of Pernambuco and Alagoas. Clinically there was hyperthermia, noisy respiration, loss of appetite, progressive loss of weight leading to emaciation, nasal congestion and muco-purulent discharge, erosions, ulcers and scars of the nasal mucosa. The size of submaxillary and cervical lymphonodes was increased, which contained abscesses and fistules exudating purulent material. In the skin, accompanying the lymph vessels, there were firm nodules and abscesses which in chronic cases fistulated and ulcerated leaving stellar scars. The histopathology of the nodules at various sites, from the horses as well as from the guinea-pigs used for the Strauss test, showed

  14. O ESTADO NEOLIBERAL E A PROMULGAÇÃO DA EDUCAÇÃO ENQUANTO MERCADORIA. THE NEOLIBERAL STATE AND THE PROMULGATION OF EDUCATION AS A COMMODITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Luciano Oliveira Costa

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a educação em sua relação com o Estado neoliberal brasileiro. Como instituição financiada e/ou regulada pelo Estado, a educação institucionalizada tem atendido a propostas e finalidades específicas de grupos restritos, de caráter mercadológico, direcionadas no campo estrutural, definido principalmente pelas escolas. Nestes espaços, a educação exercida pelos agentes da educação (formuladores de políticas públicas, professores, estudantes, comunidades em geral, promove um ensino que estimula a reprodução das tradicionais regras sociais, mas também atua como válvula para pensar e questionar as desigualdades impostas por tais regras.This article discusses education in its relation to the neoliberal state in Brazil. As an institution funded and/or regulated by the state, institutionalized education has responded to specific merchandising targeted proposals and purposes by limited groups, oriented in the structural field defined primarily by schools. In these spaces, education pursued by agents of education (policy makers, teachers, students, communities in general, promotes an education that encourages the reproduction of traditional social rules, but also acts as a valve to think and question the inequalities imposed by such rules.

  15. The electronic Space Weather upper atmosphere (eSWua project at INGV: advancements and state of the art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Romano

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The eSWua project is based on measurements performed by all the instruments installed by the upper atmosphere physics group of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy and on all the related studies. The aim is the realization of a hardware-software system to standardize historical and real-time observations for different instruments.

    An interactive Web site, supported by a well organized database, can be a powerful tool for the scientific and technological community in the field of telecommunications and space weather. The most common and useful database type for our purposes is the relational one, in which data are organized in tables for petabytes data archiving and the complete flexibility in data retrieving.

    The project started in June 2005 and will last till August 2007. In the first phase the major effort has been focused on the design of hardware and database architecture. The first two databases related to the DPS4 digisonde and GISTM measurements are complete concerning populating, tests and output procedures. Details on the structure and Web tools concerning these two databases are presented, as well as the general description of the project and technical features.

  16. The electronic Space Weather upper atmosphere (eSWua) project at INGV: advancements and state of the art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, V.; Pau, S.; Pezzopane, M.; Zuccheretti, E.; Zolesi, B.; de Franceschi, G.; Locatelli, S.

    2008-02-01

    The eSWua project is based on measurements performed by all the instruments installed by the upper atmosphere physics group of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy and on all the related studies. The aim is the realization of a hardware-software system to standardize historical and real-time observations for different instruments. An interactive Web site, supported by a well organized database, can be a powerful tool for the scientific and technological community in the field of telecommunications and space weather. The most common and useful database type for our purposes is the relational one, in which data are organized in tables for petabytes data archiving and the complete flexibility in data retrieving. The project started in June 2005 and will last till August 2007. In the first phase the major effort has been focused on the design of hardware and database architecture. The first two databases related to the DPS4 digisonde and GISTM measurements are complete concerning populating, tests and output procedures. Details on the structure and Web tools concerning these two databases are presented, as well as the general description of the project and technical features.

  17. Investigando portais de governo eletrônico de estados no Brasil: muita tecnologia, pouca democracia Investigating e-gov portals in brazilian states: much technology, little democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Gomes de Pinho

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo investiga portais de governos estaduais no Brasil, para detectar os movimentos do governo eletrônico que pretendem aprofundar a democracia por meio de processos digitais. Procedeu-se à investigação de nove portais dos estados considerados mais desenvolvidos do país e do Distrito Federal. O modelo de análise contempla, por um lado, os aspectos mais tecnológicos dos portais e como estes disponibilizam informações para os cidadãos, de maneira a criar facilidades para as suas vidas. Por outro - e este é o aspecto mais importante -, os referentes a accountability e a participação popular, no sentido de verificar como os portais (e os governos considerados têm se constituído em um experimento de aprofundamento da democracia no Brasil e de realização de um novo tipo de sociedade: a digital. O quadro teórico enfatiza as categorias de governo eletrônico, accountability e participação popular. Os resultados não são animadores, convergindo com a experiência internacional, e são atribuídos à trajetória conservadora e autoritária do Estado no Brasil. Pondera-se, também, que todos esses processos, tanto do ponto de vista da absorção dos parâmetros da sociedade digital quanto do desenvolvimento da democracia, ainda estão em construção na sociedade brasileira.This article investigates portals of state governments in Brazil in order to find out the steps taken by the e-gov to improve democracy through digital processes. The article is focused on portals in nine of the more economically developed states, plus the country's capital, Brasilia. The analytical model looks at, in one sense, the more technologically advanced features of the portals and how these websites make available information to citizens in a way to make their lives easier. In the other, and this is the most important point, the article deals with the features concerning accountability and popular participation in order to verify how the portals (and

  18. Learning analytics fundaments, applications, and trends : a view of the current state of the art to enhance e-learning

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    This book provides a conceptual and empirical perspective on learning analytics, its goal being to disseminate the core concepts, research, and outcomes of this emergent field. Divided into nine chapters, it offers reviews oriented on selected topics, recent advances, and innovative applications. It presents the broad learning analytics landscape and in-depth studies on higher education, adaptive assessment, teaching and learning. In addition, it discusses valuable approaches to coping with personalization and huge data, as well as conceptual topics and specialized applications that have shaped the current state of the art. By identifying fundamentals, highlighting applications, and pointing out current trends, the book offers an essential overview of learning analytics to enhance learning achievement in diverse educational settings. As such, it represents a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners, and students interested in updating their knowledge and finding inspirations for their future work.

  19. Radiation nursery and occupational exposure: state-of-art; Enfermagem radiologica e os riscos ocupacionais: estado da arte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melo, J.A.C.; Huhn, A.; Viana, E.; Rosa, G., E-mail: julianac@ifsc.edu.br [Instituto Federal de Educaco, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Santa Catarina (IFSC), Florianopolis (Brazil); Luz, K.R. [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianopolis (Brazil); Derech, R. [Prefeitura Municipal de Florianopolis, SC (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    Documentary research with the aim to reflect on the state of the art in radiological nursing, on the nursing work and occupational hazards they are exposed, from articles produced in Brazil. The survey was conducted in the BVS, the study consisted of seven articles published from 2002 to 2012. Regarding the main variables studied in the articles, issues emerged related to working conditions and biosafety, performance of nurses, legislation, continuing education and difficulties and needs of nursing staff . It was noticed that is recent the interest in the field, but the work of nurses in radiological technologies must be grounded in current scientific knowledge and with proper technique, to the achievement of the desired clinical outcome and to promote their safety, the team and also the patient. (author)

  20. SU-E-J-51: Dose Response of Common Solid State Detectors in Homogeneous Transverse and Longitudinal Magnetic Fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynolds, M; Fallone, B; Rathee, S [Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, AB (Canada)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Solid state radiation detectors are often used for dose profiles and percent depth dose measurements. The dose response of selected solid state detectors is evaluated in varying transverse and longitudinal magnetic fields for eventual use in MR-Linac devices. Methods: A PTW 60003 and IBA PFD detector were modeled in the Monte Carlo code PENELOPE, incorporating a magnetic field which was varied in strength and oriented both transversely and longitudinally with respect to the incident photon beam. The detectors' long axis was in turn oriented either parallel or perpendicular to the photon beam. Dose to the active volume of each detector was scored, and its ratio to dose with zero magnetic field strength (dose response) was determined. Accuracy of the simulations was evaluated by measurements using both chambers taken at low field with a small electromagnet. Simulations were also performed in a water phantom to compare to the in air results. Results: Significant dose response was found in transverse field geometries, nearing 20% at 1.5T. The response is highly dependent on relative orientations to the magnetic field and photon beam, and on detector composition. Low field measurements confirm these results. In the presence of longitudinal magnetic fields, the detectors exhibit little dose response, reaching 0.5–1% at 1.5T regardless of detector orientation. Water tank simulations compared well to the in air simulations when not at the beam periphery, where in transverse magnetic fields only, the water tank simulations differed from the in air results. Conclusion: Transverse magnetic fields can cause large deviations in dose response, and are highly position orientation dependent. Comparatively, longitudinal magnetic fields exhibit little to no dose response in each detector as a function of magnetic field strength. Water tank simulations show longitudinal fields are generally easier to work with, but each detector must be evaluated separately.

  1. Prevalência do beber e dirigir em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Drinking-and-driving prevalence in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdir Ribeiro Campos

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Os problemas decorrentes do consumo de álcool em motoristas são estudados internacionalmente, e estudos epidemiológicos indicam alta prevalência de morbidade e mortalidade relacionadas ao beber e dirigir, entretanto existem escassos dados nacionais a respeito. Neste presente estudo, 913 condutores de veículos foram parados, em vias públicas de tráfego com maiores concentrações de bares, restaurantes e casas noturnas, em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil e solicitados que respondessem a um questionário e fizessem o teste do bafômetro ativo. Esta pesquisa foi realizada no mês de dezembro de 2005 e dezembro de 2006. Para tanto, adotamos a metodologia do tipo pontos de fiscalização de sobriedade utilizada internacionalmente. Na nossa amostra, 38,0% dos motoristas apresentavam algum traço de álcool no ar expirado e 19,6% estavam com níveis de álcool iguais ou acima dos limites legais (0,6g/l. Esses dados foram cinco vezes maiores do que aqueles encontrados em pesquisas semelhantes, em outros países. Os achados deste estudo sugerem a relevância do problema na cidade de Belo Horizonte (e provavelmente no Brasil, a necessidade de pesquisas permanentes, do desenvolvimento de políticas públicas específicas para o assunto e do eficaz cumprimento da lei existente.Problems resulting from alcohol consumption by drivers have been studied worldwide, and epidemiological research points to high injury and death rates related to drinking-and-driving. However, equivalent data are limited in Brazil. In this study, 913 drivers were stopped on public roads with heavy traffic and high concentrations of bars, restaurants, and nightclubs in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, and asked to answer a questionnaire and submit to an active breathalyzer test. The study was done in December 2005 and December 2006. The study adopted the internationally accepted sobriety checkpoint method. In the sample, 38.0% of drivers showed some trace of alcohol in

  2. Coherent-states dynamics of the H + + HF reaction at ELab = 30 eV: A complete electron nuclear dynamics investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maiti, Buddhadev; Sadeghi, Raymond; Austin, Anthony; Morales, Jorge A.

    2007-11-01

    Results of a complete investigation of the H + + HF reaction at ELab = 30 eV with the electron nuclear dynamics (END) and the coherent-states dynamics (CSD) theories are herein presented. Current END-CSD methodology employs frozen Gaussian wave packet in the semiclassical limit of ℏ → 0 for the nuclei, and a single-determinantal Thouless coherent state (CS) for the electrons. The simulated 400 CS trajectories from five independent HF target orientations provide a complete description of the reactive processes in this system, including: non-charge-transfer scattering (NCTS), charge-transfer scattering (CTS), hydrogen fluoride dissociation (H-F D), and hydrogen rearrangement (HR). Several aspects of the reactions dynamics, such as mechanistic details and rainbow angles effects, are discussed. Differential and integral cross sections are evaluated via a novel CS formulation of those properties in conjunction with semiclassical techniques. The calculated total differential cross section shows an excellent agreement with available experimental results.

  3. Assessing the Effectiveness of On‐Farm and Abattoir Interventions in Reducing Pig Meat–Borne Salmonellosis within E.U. Member States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hill, Andrew A.; Simons, Robin L.; Swart, Arno N.

    2016-01-01

    As part of the evidence base for the development of national control plans for Salmonella spp. in pigs for E.U. Member States, a quantitative microbiological risk assessment was funded to support the scientific opinion required by the EC from the European Food Safety Authority. The main aim...... effective way to reduce human exposure to Salmonella spp. However, a combined farm/abattoir approach would likely have cumulative benefits. On‐farm intervention is probably most effective at the breeding‐herd level for high‐prevalence Member States; once infection in the breeding herd has been reduced...... study. The most significant reductions were achieved by a 1‐ or 2‐log decrease of Salmonella contamination of the carcass post‐evisceration; a 1‐log decrease in average contamination produced a 90% reduction in human illness. The intervention analyses suggest that abattoir intervention may be the most...

  4. Novos registros de Eunotia Ehrenberg (Eunotiaceae-Bacillariophyta para o Estado do Rio Grande do Sul e Brasil New reports of Eunotia Ehrenberg (Eunotiaceae-Bacillariophyta for Rio Grande do Sul State and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Brugalli Bicca

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar as características morfológicas, e/ou estruturais e métricas de 12 espécies de Eunotia (E. batavica A. Berg, E. deficiens Metz., Lange-Bert & García-Rodr., E. genuflexa Nörpel-Sch., E. hepaticola Lang-Bert. & Wydrz., E. herzogii Krasske, E. mucophila (Lange-Bert., Nörpel-Sch. & Alles Lange-Bert., E. pileus Ehr., E. pirla Carter & Flower, E. schwabei Krasske, E. subarcuatoides Alles, Nörpel-Sch. & Lange-Bert., E. transfuga Metz. & Lange-Bert. e E. yanomami Metz. & Lange-Bert. encontradas nas áreas da Lagoa do Casamento e dos Butiazais de Tapes, entre as coordenadas 30º10'-30º40'S e 50º30'-51º30'W, na Planície Costeira do Rio Grande do Sul. São incluídos comentários sobre a distribuição e os ambientes onde os táxons foram encontrados.This paper presents the morphological and/or structural and mensurable characteristics of 12 Eunotia species (E. batavica A. Berg, E. deficiens Metz., Lange-Bert. & García-Rodr., E. genuflexa Nörpel-Sch., E. hepaticola Lang-Bert. & Wydrz., E. herzogii Krasske, E. mucophila (Lange-Bert., Nörpel-Sch. & Alles Lange-Bert., E. pileus Ehr., E. pirla Carter & Flower, E. schwabei Krasske, E. subarcuatoides Alles, Nörpel-Sch. & Lange-Bert., E. transfuga Metz. & Lange-Bert. and E. yanomami Metz. & Lange-Bert. found in the Lagoa do Casamento and Butiazais de Tapes areas, between 30º10'-30º40'S and 50º30'-51º30'W, on the Rio Grande do Sul State Coastal Plain. Comments on distribution and habitats where the taxons are found are included.

  5. Doubly magic 208Pb: High-spin states, isomers, and E 3 collectivity in the yrast decay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broda, R.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Iskra, Ł. W.; Wrzesinski, J.; Fornal, B.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Cieplicka-Oryńczak, N.; Hoffman, C. R.; Kondev, F. G.; Królas, W.; Lauritsen, T.; Podolyak, Zs.; Seweryniak, D.; Shand, C. M.; Szpak, B.; Walters, W. B.; Zhu, S.; Brown, B. A.

    2017-06-01

    Yrast and near-yrast levels up to spin values in excess of I =30 ℏ have been delineated in the doubly magic 208Pb nucleus following deep-inelastic reactions involving 208Pb targets and, mostly, 430-MeV 48Ca and 1440-MeV 208Pb beams. The level scheme was established up to an excitation energy of 16.4 MeV, based on multifold γ-ray coincidence relationships measured with the Gammasphere array. Below the well-known, 0.5-μs 10+ isomer, ten new transitions were added to earlier work. The delineation of the higher parts of the level sequence benefited from analyses involving a number of prompt- and delayed-coincidence conditions. Three new isomeric states were established along the yrast line with Iπ=20- (10 342 keV), 23+ (11 361 keV), and 28- (13 675 keV), and respective half-lives of 22(3), 12.7(2), and 60(6) ns. Gamma transitions were also identified preceding in time the 28- isomer; however, only a few could be placed in the level scheme and no firm spin-parity quantum numbers could be proposed. In contrast, for most states below this 28- isomer, firm spin-parity values were assigned, based on total electron-conversion coefficients, deduced for low-energy (work remains particularly challenging to explain. Large-scale shell-model calculations were performed with two approaches, a first one where the 1, 2, and 3 particle-hole excitations do not mix with one another, and another more complex one, in which such mixing takes place. The calculated levels were compared with the data and a general agreement is observed for most of the 208Pb level scheme. At the highest spins and energies, however, the correspondence between theory and experiment is less satisfactory and the experimental yrast line appears to be more regular than the calculated one. This regularity is notable when the level energies are plotted versus the I (I +1 ) product and the observed, nearly linear, behavior was considered within a simple "rotational" interpretation. Within this approximate picture

  6. Search for sneutrino particles in e+mu final states in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abazov, V.M.; /Fermilab

    2007-11-01

    We report a search for R-parity violating production and decay of sneutrino particles in the e{mu} final state with 1.04 {+-} 0.06 fb{sup -1} of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in 2002-2006. Good agreement between the data and the standard model prediction is observed. With no evidence for new physics, we set limits on the R-parity violating couplings {lambda}{prime}{sub 311} and {lambda}{sub 312} as a function of sneutrino mass.

  7. Search for sneutrino particles in e + mu final states in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abazov, V.M.; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, B.; /Oklahoma U.; Abolins, M.; /Michigan State U.; Acharya, B.S.; /Tata Inst.; Adams, M.; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, T.; /Florida State U.; Aguilo, E.; /Simon Fraser U.; Ahn, S.H.; /Korea U., KODEL; Ahsan, M.; /Kansas State U.; Alexeev, G.D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, G.; /St. Petersburg, INP /Michigan U.

    2007-11-01

    We report a search for R-parity violating production and decay of sneutrino particles in the e{mu} final state with 1.04 {+-} 0.06 fb{sup -1} of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in 2002-2006. Good agreement between the data and the standard model prediction is observed. With no evidence for new physics, we set limits on the R-parity violating couplings {lambda}'{sub 311} and {lambda}{sub 312} as a function of sneutrino mass.

  8. Search for sneutrino particles in e + mu final states in ppbar collisions at sqrt{s} =1.96 TeV

    CERN Document Server

    Abazov, V M; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguiló, E; Ahn, S H; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Anastasoaie, M; Ancu, L S; Andeen, T; Anderson, S; Andrieu, B; Anzelc, M S; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Arthaud, M; Askew, A; sman, B; Assis-Jesus, A C S; Atramentov, O; Autermann, C; Avila, C; Ay, C; Badaud, F; Baden, AA; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, P; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A F; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benítez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Biscarat, C; Blazey, G; Blekman, F; Blessing, S; Bloch, D; Bloom, K; Böhnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Bu, X B; Buchanan, N J; Buchholz, D; Bühler, M; Büscher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burke, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Butler, J M; Calfayan, P; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Cason, N M; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chan, K; Chandra, A; Charles, F; Cheu, E; Chevallier, F; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christofek, L; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Coadou, Y; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M C; Crepe-Renaudin, S; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Da Motta, H; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; De Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; De Oliveira Martins, C; Degenhardt, J D; Dliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dong, H; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Dugad, S R; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dyer, J; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Ermolov, P; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Ford, M; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Gallas, E; Galyaev, E; García, C; García-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Gel, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Yu; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gollub, N; Gmez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, o P D; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, P; Grivaz, J F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, J; Guo, F; Gutíerrez, P; Gutíerrez, G; Haas, A; Hadley, N J; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Hanagaki, K; Hansson, P; Harder, K; Harel, A; Harrington, R; Hauptman, J M; Hauser, R; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinmiller, J M; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hoeth, H; Hohlfeld, M; Hong, S J; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jarvis, C; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kfer, D; Kajfasz, E; Kalinin, A M; Kalk, J R; Kalk, J M; Kappler, S; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P; Katsanos, I; Kau, D; Kaur, R; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Yu M; Khatidze, D; Kim, H; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J P; Kopal, M; Korablev, V M; Kozelov, A V; Krop, D; Kühl, T; Kumar, A; Kunori, S; Kupco, A; Kura, T; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lehner, F; Lellouch, J; Lévêque, J; Lewis, P; Li, J; Li, Q Z; Li, L; Lietti, S M; Lima, J G R; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobo, L; Lobodenko, A; Lokajícek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Madaras, R J; Mättig, P; Magass, C; Magerkurth, A; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Mao, H S; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; McCarthy, R; Melnitchouk, A; Mendes, A; Mendoza, L; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, J; Meyer, A; Millet, T; Mitrevski, J; Molina, J; Mommsen, R K; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulders, M; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Naumann, N A; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Nomerotski, A; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; O'Dell, V; O'Neil, D C; Obrant, G; Ochando, C; Onoprienko, D; Oshima, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Oteroy-Garzon, G J; Owen, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Park, S J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Pawloski, G; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Petteni, M; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M E; Polozov, P; Pope, B G; Popov, A V; Potter, C; Prado da Silva, W L; Prosper, H B; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rakitine, A; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Renkel, P; Reucroft, S; Rich, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S; Rodrigues, R F; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Santoro, A; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schaile, A D; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schieferdecker, P; Schliephake, T; Schwanenberger, C; Schwartzman, A; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shamim, M; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Siccardi, V; Simák, V; Sirotenko, V; Skubic, P; Slattery, P; Smirnov, D; Snow, J; Snow, G R; Snyder, S; Söldner-Rembold, S; Sonnenschein, L; Sopczak, A; Sosebee, M; Soustruznik, K; Souza, M; Spurlock, B; Stark, J; Steele, J; Stolin, V; Stoyanova, D A; Strandberg, J; Strandberg, S; Strang, M A; Strauss, M; Strauss, E; Ströhmer, R; Strom, D; Stutte, L; Sumowidagdo, S; Svoisky, P; Sznajder, A; Talby, M; Tamburello, P; Tanasijczuk, A; Taylor, W; Temple, J; Tiller, B; Tissandier, F; Titov, M; Tokmenin, V V; Toole, T; Torchiani, I; Trefzger, T; Tsybychev, D; Tuchming, B; Tully, C; Tuts, P M; Unalan, R; Uvarov, S; Uvarov, L; Uzunyan, S; Vachon, B; vanden Berg, P J; Van Kooten, R; Van Leeuwen, W M; Varelas, N; Varnes, E W; Vasilyev, I A; Vaupel, M; Verdier, P; Vertogradov, L S; Verzocchi, M; Villeneuve-Séguier, F; Vint, P; Vokac, P; Von Törne, E; Voutilainen, M; Wagner, R; Wahl, H D; Wang, L; SWang, M H L; Warchol, J; Watts, G; Wayne, M; Weber, M; Weber, G; Wenger, A; Wermes, N; Wetstein, M; White, A; Wicke, D; Wilson, G W; Wimpenny, S J; Wobisch, M; Wood, D R; Wyatt, T R; Xie, Y; Yacoob, S; Yamada, R; Yan, M; Yasuda, T; Yatsunenko, Y A; Yin, H; Yip, K; Yoo, H D; Youn, S W; Yu, J; Zatserklyaniy, A; Zeitnitz, C; Zhao, T; Zhou, B; Zhu, J; Zielinski, M; Zieminska, D; Zieminski, A; Zivkovic, L; Zutshi, V; Zverev, E G

    2007-01-01

    We report a search for R-parity violating production and decay of sneutrino particles in the e+mu final state with 1.04+-0.06 fb-1 of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in 2002--2006. Good agreement between the data and the standard model prediction is observed. With no evidence for new physics, we set limits on the R-parity violating couplings $\\lambda^{\\prime}_{311}$ and $\\lambda_{312}$ as a function of sneutrino mass.

  9. The application of the instantaneous states reduction to the orbital monitoring of pivotal arcs of the Chang’E-1 satellite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    In the Chinese lunar exploration project,the Chang’E-1 (CE-1) satellite was jointly monitored by the United S-band range and Doppler and the VLBI technique. A real-time reduction of the tracking data is realized to deduce the time series of the instantaneous state vectors (ISV) (position and velocity vec-tors) of the CE-1 satellite,and is applied to the orbital monitoring of pivotal arcs. This paper introduces this real-time data reduction method and its application to the orbital monitoring of pivotal arcs of the CE-1 satellite in order to serve as a source of criticism and reference.

  10. Absolute E3 and M2 transition probabilities for the electromagnetic decay of the ensuremath I^{π=K^{π}=8-} isomeric state in 132Ce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkowski, J.; Andrzejewski, J.; Srebrny, J.; Bruce, A. M.; Droste, Ch.; Grodner, E.; Kisieliński, M.; Korman, A.; Kowalczyk, M.; Kownacki, J.; Król, A.; Marganiec, J.; Mierzejewski, J.; Morek, T.; Sobczak, K.; Trzaska, W. H.; Zielińska, M.

    2009-12-01

    The decay of the ensuremath I^{π}=K^{π}=8- isomeric state at 2340keV in 132Ce has been investigated in the 120Sn(16O, 4n)132Ce reaction. The measurements were carried out in e - γ and γ - γ coincidence modes using an electron spectrometer coupled to the OSIRIS II gamma-ray array at the Heavy Ion Laboratory of the University of Warsaw. Experimentally obtained internal conversion coefficients for the ensuremath 8- rightarrow 6+ and ensuremath 8- rightarrow 5+ transitions allowed the multipolarities, mixing ratios, reduced transition probabilities and hindrance factors to be determined.

  11. THE UNKNOWN TRANSLATION OF THE LETTER OF РOРE CLEMENT X IN RUSSIAN STATE ARCHIVE OF ANCIENT ACTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. Kornilaeva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Тhe article reviews the manuscript of the letter of Pope Clement X dated 5 November 1672 and translated from Latin into Russian in Moscow Posolskij prikaz (Russian state archive of ancient acts, 155, 1, 1672, № 7. Тhe Russian version of this document remained unknown to linguists and historians for a long time because the pages had been mixed. Тhе right order of pages is reconstructed by the authors. The edition of the whole Russian text is included.The manuscript сорy made by three persons is analysed in the introduction in the field of accentology, punctuation, and lexicology. The individual features of each script are also discussed.The Russian version of the papal letter is an important lexicological source containing  words  unknown  to  lexicographic  sources,  such  as  prisvyazati  ‘to  unite’, odalěti ‘to remove’, zashchitstvovati ‘to defend’. The foreign borrowings are of particular interest, for example polakhi ‘the Poles’, yubiley ‘the jubilee inRome’ еtc.

  12. RETROSPECTIV E S TUDY OF DOG BITE CAS ES REPORTED TO ZONAL VETERINARY CLINIC, UMUAHIA, ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

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    Mshelbwala PP

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A ten year retrospective study of dog bite cases reported to Zonal Veterinary Clinic, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria was undertaken, to understand the pattern of occurrence of dog bite in relation to rabies cases in the region. A total of one hundred and ten (110 cases of dog bites were reported during a period of ten years, between January 2004 and June 2013. Out of these 110 dog bite cases, ninety (81.8% persons were bitten by owned dogs, while (18.2% were bitten by stray dogs. Among these 110 50 (45.4% dogs had no anti - rabies vaccination history, 43(39.1% had unknown vaccination status, 7(6.4% had their v accination expired and only 10 (9.1% had current vaccination history. From the clinical signs shown, 6% of the dogs were suspected to be rabid although no confirmatory diagnosis was made. About 71.8% of the victims were adults while 28.2% were children. 5 3. 6% were male and 46.4% female. While dog bite cases were seen more in children in many studies, in this present study more cases were seen in adults. Survey of rabies in dogs and other animals is highly recommended in this study area

  13. Probing lipid-cholesterol interactions in DOPC/eSM/Chol and DOPC/DPPC/Chol model lipid rafts with DSC and (13)C solid-state NMR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritzsching, Keith J; Kim, Jihyun; Holland, Gregory P

    2013-08-01

    The interaction between cholesterol (Chol) and phospholipids in bilayers was investigated for the ternary model lipid rafts, DOPC/eSM/Chol and DOPC/DPPC/Chol, with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and (13)C cross polarization magic angle spinning (CP-MAS) solid-state NMR. The enthalpy and transition temperature (Tm) of the Lα liquid crystalline phase transition from DSC was used to probe the thermodynamics of the different lipids in the two systems as a function of Chol content. The main chain (13)C (CH2)n resonance is resolved in the (13)C CP-MAS NMR spectra for the unsaturated (DOPC) and saturated (eSM or DPPC) chain lipid in the ternary lipid raft mixtures. The (13)C chemical shift of this resonance can be used to detect differences in chain ordering and overall interactions with Chol for the different lipid constituents in the ternary systems. The combination of DSC and (13)C CP-MAS NMR results indicate that there is a preferential interaction between SM and Chol below Tm for the DOPC/eSM/Chol system when the Chol content is ≤20mol%. In contrast, no preferential interaction between Chol and DPPC is observed in the DOPC/DPPC/Chol system above or below Tm. Finally, (13)C CP-MAS NMR resolves two Chol environments in the DOPC/eSM/Chol system below Tm at Chol contents >20mol% while, a single Chol environment is observed for DOPC/DPPC/Chol at all compositions.

  14. Reputação, credibilidade e transparência da autoridade monetária e o estado de expectativa Reputation, credibility and transparency of the monetary authority and the state of expectations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Caldas Montes

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Para se desenvolver uma teoria que busca explicar como a política monetária afeta a economia é necessário entender como os indivíduos tomam decisões com base em suas expectativas e na confiança. Nesse sentido, torna-se fundamental conhecer os elementos determinantes das expectativas e da confiança dos agentes e como são afetados pela autoridade monetária. Tendo como referenciais teóricos (i o esquema desenvolvido por Dequech (1999a relacionado aos determinantes das expectativas e da confiança dos agentes; (ii os pressupostos que fundamentam a não-neutralidade da moeda; e (iii a literatura que aborda a influência da reputação, da credibilidade e da transparência sobre a economia, o artigo tem como objetivo demonstrar a influência do trinômio credibilidade-reputação-transparência para o "estado de expectativa" dos indivíduos, e, assim, para a capacidade da política monetária em afetar emprego e renda, mantendo a estabilidade de preços.For the development of a theory that looks for an explanation about how monetary policy affects the economy it is necessary to understand how economic agents make decisions based on their expectations and confidence. Therein, it is important to know the determinants of expectations and confidence and how these are affected by monetary authority. Using as theoretical references (i the scheme developed by Dequech (1999a about the determinants of expectations and confidence; (ii the assumptions that support the non-neutrality of money; and (iii the literature about reputation, credibility and transparency, the article seeks to demonstrate the influences of reputation-credibility-transparency trinomial for the state of expectations of the agents, and, consequently, for the monetary policy capacity to affect employment and income keeping prices stability.

  15. Probióticos e prebióticos: o estado da arte Probiotics and prebiotics: the state of the art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Marta Isay Saad

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available A microbiota intestinal humana exerce um papel importante tanto na saúde quanto na doença e a suplementação da dieta com probióticos e prebióticos pode assegurar o equilíbrio dessa microbiota. Probióticos são microrganismos vivos, administrados em quantidades adequadas, que conferem benefícios à saúde do hospedeiro. Prebióticos são carboidratos não-digeríveis, que afetam beneficamente o hospedeiro, por estimularem seletivamente a proliferação e/ou atividade de populações de bactérias desejáveis no cólon. Um produto referido como simbiótico é aquele no qual um probiótico e um prebiótico estão combinados. O presente artigo apresenta o estado da arte sobre probióticos e prebióticos, relatando novos conceitos, os benefícios que esses ingredientes alimentícios conferem à saúde humana e os possíveis mecanismos envolvidos, discutindo efeitos a eles atribuídos e salientando para novas descobertas relatadas, baseadas em evidências científicas. Outros aspectos, como a seleção e a aplicação de probióticos e de prebióticos, também são discutidos.The gut microbiota plays an important role in both human health and disease, and the supplementation of the diet with probiotics and prebiotics may ensure an appropriate equilibrium of this microbiota. Probiotics are live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host. Prebiotics are nondigestible carbohydrates that beneficially affect the host by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of a limited number of bacteria present in the colon. A product referred as symbiotic is one in which probiotics and prebiotics are combined. This article presents the state of the art about probiotics and prebiotics, reporting new concepts, the benefits these food ingredients provide for the human health, and the possible mechanisms involved, discussing health claims attributed to them, and pointing out recent findings reported

  16. A novel low-E field coil to minimize heating of biological samples in solid-state multinuclear NMR experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillmann, Baudouin; Elbayed, Karim; Zeiger, Heinz; Weingertner, Marie-Catherine; Piotto, Martial; Engelke, Frank

    2007-07-01

    A novel coil, called Z coil, is presented. Its function is to reduce the strong thermal effects produced by rf heating at high frequencies. The results obtained at 500 MHz in a 50 μl sample prove that the Z coil can cope with salt concentrations that are one order of magnitude higher than in traditional solenoidal coils. The evaluation of the rf field is performed by numerical analysis based on first principles and by carrying out rf field measurements. Reduction of rf heating is probed with a DMPC/DHPC membrane prepared in buffers of increasing salt concentrations. The intricate correlation that exists between the magnetic and electric field is presented. It is demonstrated that, in a multiply tuned traditional MAS coil, the rf electric field E1 cannot be reduced without altering the rf magnetic field. Since the detailed distribution differs when changing the coil geometry, a comparison involving the following three distinct designs is discussed: (1) a regular coil of 5.5 turns, (2) a variable pitch coil with the same number of turns, (3) the new Z coil structure. For each of these coils loaded with samples of different salt concentrations, the nutation fields obtained at a certain power level provide a basis to discuss the impact of the dielectric and conductive losses on the rf efficiency.

  17. A novel low-E field coil to minimize heating of biological samples in solid-state multinuclear NMR experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillmann, Baudouin; Elbayed, Karim; Zeiger, Heinz; Weingertner, Marie-Catherine; Piotto, Martial; Engelke, Frank

    2007-07-01

    A novel coil, called Z coil, is presented. Its function is to reduce the strong thermal effects produced by rf heating at high frequencies. The results obtained at 500MHz in a 50 microl sample prove that the Z coil can cope with salt concentrations that are one order of magnitude higher than in traditional solenoidal coils. The evaluation of the rf field is performed by numerical analysis based on first principles and by carrying out rf field measurements. Reduction of rf heating is probed with a DMPC/DHPC membrane prepared in buffers of increasing salt concentrations. The intricate correlation that exists between the magnetic and electric field is presented. It is demonstrated that, in a multiply tuned traditional MAS coil, the rf electric field E(1) cannot be reduced without altering the rf magnetic field. Since the detailed distribution differs when changing the coil geometry, a comparison involving the following three distinct designs is discussed: (1) a regular coil of 5.5 turns, (2) a variable pitch coil with the same number of turns, (3) the new Z coil structure. For each of these coils loaded with samples of different salt concentrations, the nutation fields obtained at a certain power level provide a basis to discuss the impact of the dielectric and conductive losses on the rf efficiency.

  18. Efeito da calagem e adubação da seringueira no estado nutricional e produção de borracha seca Effect of liming and fertilization on nutritional state and dry rubber production of rubber-tree

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adonias de Castro Virgens Filho

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliados os efeitos da calagem e da adubação NPK no estado nutricional e na produção de borracha seca do clone RRIM 600. Utilizou-se o delineamento de blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições, em parcelas subdivididas. Nas parcelas foram testados duas testemunhas (sem adubação e sem calagem; sem adubação e com calagem, e seis tratamentos com calagem e adubação (N1P1K0, N2P2K0, N1P1K1, N2P2K1, N1P1K2 e N2P2K2. Os níveis anuais de NPK utilizados corresponderam a 40 e 80 kg ha-1 de N, 17,5 e 35,0 kg ha-1 de P2O5 e 0, 33,2 e 66,4 kg ha-1 de K2O. Nas subparcelas foram utilizados os sistemas de explotação ½S d/4 6 d/7 ET 2,5% LaPa 1/1 10/y e ½S d/6 6 d/7 ET 5,0% LaPa 1/1 10/y. Houve efeito significativo dos tratamentos sobre os teores de N, P, S, Cu e Zn nas folhas. A aplicação de N, nas duas doses, não elevou o seu teor nas folhas. O aumento nas doses de K2O na presença de N2P2 promoveu decréscimo no teor de zinco. A maior produção de borracha seca (1.778,9 kg ha-1, na média dos três anos, foi obtida no tratamento N2P2K1 + calagem nos dois sistemas de explotação.The effects of lime and NPK application on nutritional state and dry rubber production of clone RRIM 600 were evaluated. The experimental design was a randomized split-plot with four replicates. In the plots were tested two controls (without fertilizer and without lime; without fertilizer and with lime and six treatments with lime and NPK fertilization (N1P1K0, N2P2K0, N1P1K1, N2P2K1, N1P1K2 and N2P2K2. The two sub-treatments were the following tapping systems: ½S d/4 6 d/7 ET 2.5% LaPa 1/1 10/y (S1 and ½S d/6 6 d/7 ET 5.0% LaPa 1/1 10/y (S2. The NPK levels used, in kg ha-1 y-1, were represented by 40 and 80 of N; 17.5 and 35.0 of P2O5 and 0, 33.2 and 66.4 of K2O. There was a significant effect of treatments on the N, P, S, Cu and Zn content in leaves. The N applied to soil up to the second dosage was not enough to increase the N level in leaves

  19. Crescimento e estado nutricional de crianças e adolescentes de Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brasil Growth and nutritional status of children and adolescents in the city of Presidente Prudente, State of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: avaliar peso, altura, índice de massa corporal (IMC e prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade de crianças e adolescentes de Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brasil. MÉTODOS: foram avaliados 1327 jovens (692 masculino e 635 feminino com idade de 7 a 19 anos. Os dados foram coletados com o mesmo equipamento e seguindo procedimento padrão descrito na literatura. O teste t de Student para variáveis independentes foi utilizado para as comparações entre sexo (pOBJECTIVES: to evaluate the weight, height, and Body Mass Index (BMI of children and adolescents, in addition to the prevalence of overweight and obesity, in the city of Presidente Prudente, State of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: a sample of 1327 subjects (692 male and 635 female aged 7-19 years were evaluated. The data were collected using the same equipment and following standard procedures described in literature. A Student's t test was used to compare independent variables (p<0.05. Percentiles were calculated using SPSS, version 10.0 and plotted using Minitab, version 14.0. The 85 and 95 percentiles were used for classification of overweight and obesity, and were analysed in relation to two more internationally accepted studies. RESULTS: the weight and height are higher than in other studies carried out in Brazil and similar to those in a number of developed countries. The BMI figures revealed a high prevalence of overweight, and obesity, mainly in the male group between 7 and 10 years. This prevalence was less marked in the female group, especially among adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: the growth of this sample is above that observed in other Brazilian regions, and comparable to some developed countries. However, the BMI indicates a high prevalence of overweight and obesity.

  20. Heavy metals distribution and risk assessment in soil from an informal E-waste recycling site in Lagos State, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isimekhai, Khadijah A; Garelick, Hemda; Watt, John; Purchase, Diane

    2017-07-01

    Informal E-waste recycling can pose a risk to human health and the environment which this study endeavours to evaluate. The distribution of a number of heavy metals in soil from an informal recycling site in the largest market for used and new electronics and electrical equipment in West Africa was investigated. The potential bioavailability of heavy metals, extent of contamination, potential risk due to the recycling activities and impact of external factors such as rainfall were also assessed. The concentrations of all the heavy metals tested were higher in the area where burning of the waste occurred than at the control site, suggesting an impact of the recycling activities on the soil. The order of total metal concentrations was Cu > Pb > Zn > Mn > Ni > Sb > Cr > Cd for both the dry and wet seasons. The total concentrations of Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni and Zn were all significantly higher (p soil guideline values. Using a sequential extraction method, the potential bioavailability of the heavy metals was indicated as Cd > Sb > Zn > Cu > Ni > Pb > Cr. When the risk was assessed using the Potential Ecological Risk Index (PERI), Cu was found to contribute the most to the potential ecological risk and Cd gave rise to the greatest concern due to its high toxic-response factor within the study site. Similarly, utilising the Risk Assessment Code (RAC) suggested that Cd posed the most risk in this site. This research establishes a high level of contamination in the study site and underscores the importance of applying the appropriate chemical speciation in risk assessment.

  1. Earthworms from Mato Grosso, Brazil, and new records of species from the state Minhocas do Mato Grosso e novos registros de espécies do estado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Luise Carolina Bartz

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to undertake a qualitative assessment of earthworm diversity in areas under human influence, in a region of Cerrado-Pantanal-Amazon rainforest transition, in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The earthworms were collected in the municipalities of Barra do Bugres and Arenápolis, and were studied together with species previously identified from other municipalities. Seventeen municipalities, at 29 sampling points of Mato Grosso State, have been sampled. Seven species of earthworms were collected and identified in Barra do Bugres: Goiascolex vanzolinii, Pontoscolex (Pontoscolex corethrurus, Opisthodrillus borellii borellii, Opisthodrillus sp., Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus gracilis, Dichogaster sp. and a species of the Criodrilidae family. Four species of earthworms were identified in Arenápolis: Pontoscolex (Pontoscolex corethrurus, Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus gracilis, Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus affinis and Dichogaster sp. In total, 32 earthworm species/subspecies are known from Mato Grosso, 22 native and 10 exotic.O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar qualitativamente a diversidade de minhocas em áreas sob influência humana, em uma região de transição de Pantanal-Cerrado-Floresta Amazônica, no Estado de Mato Grosso. As minhocas foram coletadas nos municípios de Barra do Bugres e Arenápolis e estudadas em conjunto com espécies previamente identificadas de outros municípios do Estado, em um total de 29 pontos de coletas em 17 municípios. Em Barra do Bugres, foram coletadas e identificadas sete espécies de minhocas: Goiascolex vanzolinii, Pontoscolex (Pontoscolex corethrurus, Opisthodrillus borellii borellii, Opisthodrillus sp., Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus gracilis, Dichogaster sp. e uma espécie da família Criodrilidae. Em Arenápolis foram identificadas quatro espécies: Pontoscolex (Pontoscolex corethrurus, Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus gracilis, Dichogaster (Diplothecodrilus affinis e

  2. Conceptual model of management the vital state plant eсomorрhs by the criteria of adaptation mechanisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Z. Moskalets

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of representatives of the tribe Triticеae (Triticum аestivum L., T. trispecies Shulind, Secale cereale L. we have developed a conceptual model of management of the vital state of anthropogenically transformed ecosystems by the criteria of adaptation mechanisms, that are important for improving the controls of the vitality of culturivated plant species within certain ecosystems. Morpho-physiological and ontogenetic features of plants are considered as exogenous manifestation of adaptation to certain amplitude of ecological factors. According to preferences of the representatives of the tribe Triticeae for environmental conditions the plants were ranked by hygo-, helio-, trophomorphous affiliation as ecomorphs and subecomorphs. We established that an exogenous manifestation of high levels of adaptability of plant organisms to a variety of stress winter conditions was high photoperiodic sensitivity, which is manifested in morphological and physiological mechanisms, including weak growth in autumn and late spring vegetation restoration. The criteria of frost and winter resistance of plants are the accumulation of high overall sugar content in the node tillering (26–38 mg/g as cryoprotectants and energy sources and their economical expenditure during the autumn-winter period. In drought resistant ecotypes growing in various habitats we detected smaller length, width and therefore area of flag leaf, however, the high index of leaf lamina, compared to leaves from less drought-prone areas. Expression was manifested of adaptive morphological and physiological changes (high index of leaf, glossy sheen, long duration of green colorin the flag leaf, the presence of awns, significant increase in dry mass for arid conditions caused by presence of alleles of genes of drought-resistant Dreb 1 glutenin Glu-D1, gliadin Gli and high protein in the grain (14.2–18.0%. The more drought-resistant plants have an inherent ability to mobilize their

  3. Mortalidade por câncer de cólon e reto e consumo alimentar em capitais brasileiras selecionadas Colorectal cancer mortality and diet patterns in selected Brazilian State capitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrícia Junqueira das Neves

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available As taxas de mortalidade por câncer de cólon e reto mostram uma variação regional no Brasil e a heterogeneidade do padrão alimentar nas suas regiões geográficas poderia possivelmente explicar, pelo menos em parte, essas diferenças. Um estudo ecológico foi realizado com o objetivo de identificar possíveis associações entre padrões de consumo alimentar e taxas de mortalidade padronizadas por idade em capitais brasileiras selecionadas. O padrão de consumo alimentar em cada capital foi caracterizado com base no consumo de grupos de alimentos associados a essa neoplasia na literatura. Os dados de consumo de alimentos foram obtidos no ENDEF (Estudo Nacional de Despesas Familiares. A regressão linear múltipla foi utilizada para analisar as correlações entre as taxas de mortalidade e as variáveis alimentares. Essas taxas mostraram uma correlação positiva com o consumo de calorias, cereais, carnes, ovos/leite e legumes/frutas. Quando ajustado por consumo calórico total, carne e legumes/frutas foram as únicas variáveis que mantiveram uma correlação positiva. O modelo multivariado final com essas variáveis foi capaz de explicar 92% da variação das taxas de mortalidade nas capitais selecionadas. Esses resultados sugerem que diferenças no consumo calórico total e no consumo de carne e legumes/frutas poderiam explicar, parcialmente, os diferentes padrões de distribuição da mortalidade por câncer de cólon e reto no Brasil.Mortality rates for colorectal cancer show regional variations in Brazil, and the heterogeneous dietary profile observed in its geographic regions could possibly explain, at least partially, these different patterns. An ecological study was conducted to identify possible associations between dietary consumption profiles and age-standardized mortality rates for colorectal cancer in selected state capitals. The dietary profile in each capital was characterized on the basis of the consumption of groups of foods

  4. New measurements and analysis of the far-infrared spectrum of CH2DOH in the lowest torsional vibrational state (e0)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhopadhyay, Indra

    2016-05-01

    In this work the far infrared (FIR) absorption spectrum has been measured for the asymmetrically mono deuterated Methanol (CH2DOH) species in the wavenumber range of 15-1200 cm-1 better accuracy and signal/noise ratio than known before. Assignments have been made for b-type transitions in the lowest lying torsional vibrational state trans-(e0) for a wide range of rotational angular momentum. The assignments have been rigorously confirmed by the residual loop defect methods. The rR-branch wavenumbers are analyzed by the usual state dependent expansion parameters and the Q-Branch origins. These origins have been used to calculate the torsional and torsional-rotation interaction contributions. These findings are in good agreement with predicted from the Hamiltonian model described in recent publications. A large number of assignments have also been made in the millimeter wave spectrum recorded earlier and thereby evaluated the asymmetry splitting parameters for 4 different axial rotational angular momentum quantum numbers. The analysis and interpretation of the spectra are reported. New assignments for about 260 transitions are included the text and a catalog of about 1500 transitions belonging to the e0 species is prepared (Appendix 1) and is made available through the open server in "Research Gate" and will be freely available to others.

  5. Heat Capacity and Thermal Conductance Measurements of a Superconducting-Normal Mixed State by Detection of Single 3 eV Photons in a Magnetic Penetration Thermometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, T. R.; Balvin, M. A.; Bandler, S. R.; Denis, K. L.; Lee, S.-J.; Nagler, P. C.; Smith, S. J.

    2015-01-01

    We report on measurements of the detected signal pulses in a molybdenum-gold Magnetic Penetration Thermometer (MPT) in response to absorption of one or more 3 eV photons. We designed and used this MPT sensor for x-ray microcalorimetry. In this device, the diamagnetic response of a superconducting MoAu bilayer is used to sense temperature changes in response to absorbed photons, and responsivity is enhanced by a Meissner transition in which the magnetic flux penetrating the sensor changes rapidly to minimize free energy in a mixed superconducting normal state. We have previously reported on use of our MPT to study a thermal phonon energy loss to the substrate when absorbing x-rays. We now describe results of extracting heat capacity C and thermal conductance G values from pulse height and decay time of MPT pulses generated by 3 eV photons. The variation in C and G at temperatures near the Meissner transition temperature (set by an internal magnetic bias field) allow us to probe the behavior in superconducting normal mixed state of the condensation energy and the electron cooling power resulting from quasi-particle recombination and phonon emission. The information gained on electron cooling power is also relevant to the operation of other superconducting detectors, such as Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors.

  6. O Army Method e o desenvolvimento da Linguística Aplicada nos Estados Unidos The Army Method and the development of Applied Linguistics in the United States

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    José Marcelo Luna

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo deriva de pesquisa historiográfica sobre o ensino de português nos Estados Unidos durante os anos 40, 50 e 60 do século 20. Baseado em fontes primárias, como livros, períódicos e jornais da época, o trabalho apresenta objetivamente a relação do Army Specialized Training Program, que se tornou conhecido como Army Method, com o desenvolvimento da Linguística Aplicada ao ensino de línguas estrangeiras nos Estados Unidos.This article derives from a historiographic research on the teaching of Portuguese in the United States during 1940 through 1960. Based on primary sources like books, periodicals and newspapers of the time, the work presents objectively the relationship between the Army Specialized Training Program, also known as the Army Method, and the development of Applied Linguistics to the teaching of foreign languages in the United States.

  7. Tabagismo, abandono do fumo e os otorrinolaringologistas do estado de São Paulo Smoking, smoking cessation and otorhinolaryngologists in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aracy Pereira Silveira Balbani

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Os otorrinolaringologistas estão diretamente envolvidos no diagnóstico e tratamento de doenças provocadas pelo cigarro, incluindo o câncer das vias aéreas superiores. É importante que os especialistas estejam capacitados a tratar o tabagismo e a dependência da nicotina. Também se sabe que há fumantes entre os próprios médicos. OBJETIVO: Pesquisar as opiniões e condutas de otorrinolaringologistas do Estado de São Paulo frente ao tabagismo e à dependência química da nicotina, e avaliar o hábito tabagístico dos especialistas. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Corte transversal. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados aleatoriamente 600 otorrinolaringologistas do Estado de São Paulo. A esses especialistas foi enviado, em março de 2005, por correio, um questionário padrão. Foram analisadas as respostas recebidas no período de março a maio de 2005. RESULTADOS: Foram recebidas 209 respostas. Nestas, 97 profissionais (46,4% avaliaram sua familiaridade com os meios de tratamento da dependência de nicotina como regular e 60 (28,7% como insatisfatória. Dos participantes do estudo, 144 (68,9% nunca fumaram, 50 (23,9% são ex-fumantes, nove (4,3% são fumantes ocasionais e seis (2,9% são fumantes. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência de tabagistas na amostra de 209 otorrinolaringologistas do Estado de São Paulo foi de 7,1%.Otorhinolaryngologists are directly involved in the diagnosis and management of smoking related diseases, including upper airway malignancy. It is important that the specialists have skills to treat smoking and nicotine dependence. It is also known that there are smokers amongst doctors. AIM: To assess the opinions and practices of the otorhinolaryngologists of the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, concerning smoking and nicotine dependence, and evaluation of smoking habits of the specialists. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We randomly selected 600 otorhinolaryngologists of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. A survey was mailed to

  8. SU-E-I-56: Diagnostic Lead Apron Radiation Exposure Comparison Between Manufacture-Stated and Measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Syh, J; Patel, B; Syh, J; Song, X; Freund, D; Ding, X; Wu, H [Willis-Knighton Medical Center, Shreveport, LA (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: Several vendors of diagnostic lead apron used routinely in radiology/fluoroscopy claim to manufacture 0.5 mm lead equivalent shielding. The purpose of this investigation was to address the concern of the weight of lead aprons versus the radiation protection they provide. Methods: Seven diagnostic lead aprons were measured and compared for their radiation transmission and attenuation characteristics. The measurements were performed on a Philips Integris. Two settings were used, normal (76 kVp, 14.3 mA) and high (110 kVp, 12.3 mA) to represent typical patient and large patient thickness. Plastic water was placed on the table to represent patient scatter. A Capintec PM-500 ion chamber was placed at approximate chest height where hospital personnel would stand. An uncovered, i.e. lead-unhindered, ion chamber reading was taken to establish the baseline reading of an unprotected personnel. The ion chamber was then wrapped with 0.5mm 99.9% pure Pb material to establish the measurement reading when a diagnostic lead apron attenuates as adequately as 0.5mm Pb. The lead aprons were measured one at a time with the ion chamber fully covered and enclosed within the aprons. Results: On Normal fluoroscopy setting, the 0.5mm pure Pb showed a transmission of 0.4%. No aprons showed a transmission value as low as 0.5mm Pb. The lowest transmission value measured from the aprons was 2.0%, having a 1.5% higher transmission than pure lead. On High fluoroscopy setting, the lowest apron transmission measurement was at 2.8%, which was comparable to the 0.5mm pure Pb which gave a transmission of 3.0%. Conclusion: At Normal fluoroscopy setting, the 0.5mm Pb provided an attenuation that could not be matched by any apron measured. At High fluoroscopy setting, only one apron exhibited comparable transmission values as 0.5mm pure Pb.

  9. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: NLCD 2001 Tree Canopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieczorek, Michael; LaMotte, Andrew E.

    2010-01-01

    This tabular data set represents the mean percent tree canopy from the Canopy Layer of the National Land Cover Dataset 2001 (LaMotte and Wieczorek, 2010), compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of Major River Basins (MRBs, Crawford and others, 2006). The source data set represents tree canopy percentage for the conterminous United States for 2001. The Canopy Layer of the National Land Cover Data Set for 2001 was produced through a cooperative project conducted by the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics (MRLC) Consortium. The MRLC Consortium is a partnership of Federal agencies (http://www.mrlc.gov), consisting of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), the National Park Service (NPS), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). The MRB_E2RF1 catchments are based on a modified version of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) ERF1_2 and include enhancements to support national and regional-scale surface-water quality modeling (Nolan and others, 2002; Brakebill and others, 2011). Data were compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment for the conterminous United States covering New England and Mid-Atlantic (MRB1), South Atlantic-Gulf and Tennessee (MRB2), the Great Lakes, Ohio, Upper Mississippi, and Souris-Red-Rainy (MRB3), the Missouri (MRB4), the Lower Mississippi, Arkansas-White-Red, and Texas-Gulf (MRB5), the Rio Grande, Colorado, and the Great basin (MRB6), the Pacific Northwest (MRB7) river basins, and California (MRB8).

  10. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: NLCD 2001 Imperviousness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieczorek, Michael; LaMotte, Andrew E.

    2010-01-01

    This tabular data set represents the mean percent impervious surface from the Imperviousness Layer of the National Land Cover Dataset 2001, (LaMotte and Wieczorek, 2010), compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of selected Major River Basins (MRBs, Crawford and others, 2006). The source data set represents imperviousness for the conterminous United States for 2001. The Imperviousness Layer of the National Land Cover Data Set for 2001 was produced through a cooperative project conducted by the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics (MRLC) Consortium. The MRLC Consortium is a partnership of Federal agencies (http://www.mrlc.gov), consisting of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), the National Park Service (NPS), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). The MRB_E2RF1 catchments are based on a modified version of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) ERF1_2 and include enhancements to support national and regional-scale surface-water quality modeling (Nolan and others, 2002;Brakebill and others, 2011). Data were compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment for the conterminous United States covering New England and Mid-Atlantic (MRB1), South Atlantic-Gulf and Tennessee (MRB2), the Great Lakes, Ohio, Upper Mississippi, and Souris-Red-Rainy (MRB3), the Missouri (MRB4), the Lower Mississippi, Arkansas-White-Red, and Texas-Gulf (MRB5), the Rio Grande, Colorado, and the Great basin (MRB6), the Pacific Northwest (MRB7) river basins, and California (MRB8).

  11. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: NLCD 2001 Land Use and Land Cover

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieczorek, Michael; LaMotte, Andrew E.

    2010-01-01

    This tabular data set represents the estimated area of land use and land cover from the National Land Cover Dataset 2001 (LaMotte, 2008), compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of the Major River Basins (MRBs, Crawford and others, 2006). The source data set represents land use and land cover for the conterminous United States for 2001. The National Land Cover Data Set for 2001 was produced through a cooperative project conducted by the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics (MRLC) Consortium. The MRLC Consortium is a partnership of Federal agencies (http://www.mrlc.gov), consisting of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), the National Park Service (NPS), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). The MRB_E2RF1 catchments are based on a modified version of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) ERF1_2 and include enhancements to support national and regional-scale surface-water quality modeling (Nolan and others, 2002; Brakebill and others, 2011). Data were compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment for the conterminous United States covering the South Atlantic-Gulf and Tennessee (MRB2), the Great Lakes, Ohio, Upper Mississippi, and Souris-Red-Rainy (MRB3), the Missouri (MRB4), the Lower Mississippi, Arkansas-White-Red, and Texas-Gulf (MRB5) and the Pacific Northwest (MRB7) river basins.

  12. Movimentos sociais na teoria e na prática: como estudar o ativismo através da fronteira entre estado e sociedade? Social movements in theory and practice: how to study activism across state-society boundary?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Abers

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Nas últimas duas décadas, os estudiosos dos movimentos sociais passaram a questionar as fronteiras do seu campo de pesquisa. Alguns defenderam a substituição do conceito de "movimentos sociais" por "sociedade civil", enquanto outros propuseram falar de "política do conflito". Em ambos os casos, argumentou-se que o campo de estudos havia se tornado excessivamente limitado, tanto empírica como teoricamente. O artigo discute essas iniciativas e identifica um problema comum: a falta de atenção dada às numerosas formas de interação entre ativistas de movimentos sociais situados dentro e fora do Estado. Argumentamos que a pesquisa empírica que vem sendo realizada no Brasil ajuda a compreender melhor a relação entre Estado e movimentos sociais. Do ponto de vista teórico, é a literatura recente sobre redes sociais que oferece pistas analíticas sobre como pensar no ativismo a partir de dentro das estruturas do Estado.In the last two decades, social movement scholars have brought the frontiers of the field into question. Some have advocated for the substitution of "social movements" for "civil society", while others have proposed to rename the field as the study of "contentious politics". In both of these cases, the justification is that the field of social movements has become too narrow, empirically as well as theoretically. The article discusses these reformist initiatives and identifies a problem they have in common: the lack of attention to numerous forms of interaction between actors involved with social movements situated both outside and inside the state. We offer a theoretical discussion based on the results of empirical research undertaken in Brazil on this issue, which, we argue, help us better understand the relationship between states and social movements. We also argue that the recent literature on social networks provides analytical clues to think about activism from within state structures.

  13. Mortalidade materna e sua interface com a raça em Mato Grosso Maternal mortality and race in the Brazilian State of Mato Grosso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neuma Zamariano Fanaia Teixeira

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: analisar a correlação entre óbitos maternos e raça/cor no Estado de Mato Grosso entre os anos de 2000 a 2006. MÉTODOS: estudo epidemiológico com base nos dados da Declaração de Óbitos, DATASUS e SIM/SES-MT, que propiciaram a análise da série histórica entre esses anos. Relacionou-se raça/cor das mulheres que foram a óbito por causas maternas com as variáveis idade, escolaridade, estado civil, causa básica de óbito e tipo de causa obstétrica. Utilizaram-se teste de Χ2 e odds ratio. RESULTADOS: o teste Χ2 evidenciou associação significativa entre raça/cor e morte materna, ao nível de significância de 95%. A odds ratio apontou uma razão de chances dessas mortes 5,13 vezes maior para mulheres pretas e 5,71 para indígenas, comparadas às mulheres brancas. "Transtornos hipertensivos da gravidez, parto/puerpério" foram a principal causa de óbito materno para as afrodescendentes e pardas; respectivamente 45,4% e 29,93%. As indígenas morreram mais pelas "complicações do trabalho de parto/parto" com 27,2%. Das mulheres brancas, 30,7% morreram por "outras complicações obstétricas não classificadas em outras causas". CONCLUSÕES: em todo Mato Grosso as mortes maternas por causas obstétricas diretas pervaleceu entre mulheres pretas e indígenas.OBJECTIVES: to examine the correlation between maternal mortality rates and race/color in the Brazilian State of Mato Grosso between 2000 and 2006. METHODS: an epidemiological study was carried out using the death certificates, DATASUS and SIM/SES-MT to provide a time series for these years. The race/color of the women who died during childbirth was related to the variables age, level of education, marital status, primary cause of death and type of obstetric cause. In combination with the Χ2 test and the odds rati were used. RESULTS: the Χ2 test showed a significant association between race/color and maternal mortality, with a level of significance of 95%. The odds

  14. O Mercosul e a Alca: os interesses (irreconciliáveis da União Européia e dos EUA Mercosur and FTAA: the conflicting interests of the European Union and the United States

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    Messias de Sá Pinto

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Os interesses dos EUA na América Latina e a criação da Alca são fatores determinantes para explicar o propósito da União Européia de estabelecer um Acordo de Associação com o Mercosul. Enquanto que à UE interessa o alargamento do Mercosul, os EUA preferem, por meio da criação da Alça, induzir a sua dissolução e retirar vantagens da integração assimétrica. O nosso objetivo é demonstrar que, face aos cenários possíveis de evolução dos entendimentos regionais na América Latina, o mais plausível (co-existência do Mercosul, do Acordo de Associação UE/Mercosul, e da Alca é também aquele que permite reconciliar os interesses da UE e dos EUA na região.The interests of the United States in Latin America and the creation of the FTAA are two determinant factors in explaining the European Union intention to establish an Association Agreement with Mercosur. While the European Union is interested in the Mercosur enlargement, the US prefer, through the creation of the FTAA, to induce its dissolution and obtain advantages from asymmetric integration. Our purpose is to demonstrate that, given the possible scenarios of evolution in regional agreements in Latin America, the most plausible (co-existence of Mercosur, EU/Mercosur Association Agreement and FTAA is also the one that allows for a reconciliation of EU and US interests in the region.

  15. Trabalho precário e precarização institucional nos Estados Unidos Precarious work and the institutional precarization in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donna Kesselman

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as bases institucionais do trabalho precário nos Estados Unidos através de um duplo processo de precarização: da relação contratual tradicional e, dada a fragmentação do quadro institucional, a inadaptação da lei trabalhista dos Estados Unidos. O texto procura enfatizar a importância do estatuto do trabalhador - a relação contratual de emprego - para o acesso do mesmo aos direitos e benefícios sociais básicos. Os efeitos da recente crise econômica e a resposta das políticas públicas são discutidos na conclusão.We analyze the institutional underpinnings of precarious work in the United States through a double process of precarization: of the traditional contractual relationship and given the fragmented institutional framework and the inadaptation of U.S. labor law. The importance of the employee status - the contractual employment relationship - for access to social rights and basic benefits is emphasized. Effects of the recent economic crisis and public policy response are discussed in conclusion.

  16. Implementing the CASPiE course-based research experience at the United States Military Academy: Affective responses and effects on critical thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chase, Anthony Michael

    The Center for Authentic Science Practices in Education (CASPiE) pioneered a course-based research experience approach to teaching chemistry laboratory courses. The method had previously been studied in a variety of institutional settings. Recently, the United States Military Academy at West Point decided to develop CASPiE-style modules for the introductory honors chemistry course. This research setting presents clean experimental-control comparisons and a group of faculty who were completely new to the method. Equipping students with authentic research experiences early in their education is important regardless of the institution. However, cadets at a military academy must make decisions relatively early (the outset of their second year) as to what their career trajectory will be as eventual officers. In the new CASPiE-based experience, cadets are given the opportunity to select from one of three different modules (analytical chemistry, toxicology, and chemical engineering) in which to participate during the course. These three modules represent subsections of an overall Army waste-to-energy research project. Cadets generate unique hypotheses, real data, and research posters towards the advancement of the project. Posters are then presented in a session. that includes an audience of project stakeholders, course instructors, and other academy faculty and staff. Here, I will present my research methods, evaluative procedures, and findings in the affective domain, critical thinking, and laboratory content comprehension.

  17. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY PROFESSIONALS: GRADUATION, TRAINING AND JOB MARKET IN THE STATE OF SERGIPE SECRETARIADO: FORMAÇÃO E MERCADO NO ESTADO DE SERGIPE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosimeri Ferraz Sabino

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    This study aimed to investigate the qualifications and the job market of secretaries to Sergipe, analyzing the history and evolution of the field before the formal preparation and market demands. After identifying the historical setting of the profession in Brazil, we attempted to verify the behavior of the class secretarial about your organization, qualification and market performance. The exploratory and descriptive research supported the case study, addressing the views of students of Executive Secretariat and managers in the market of Sergipe, besides the pioneering members in the constitution of the occupation in the state. The analysis points to the development of the profession, although later in the educational context. The labor market comes in irregular occupation of the vacancies for the Secretariat, a result that can be attributed to the scarcity of training and little effective dialogues of the class with employers.Este trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a qualificação e o mercado de trabalho do secretário no Estado de Sergipe, analisando-se a trajetória e evolução do campo de atuação diante da preparação formal do indivíduo e demandas do mercado. A partir da identificação do cenário histórico da profissão no Brasil, buscou-se verificar o comportamento da classe secretarial sergipana sobre a sua organização, qualificação e atuação no mercado. A pesquisa exploratória e descritiva subsidiou o estudo de caso, abordando a visão de estudantes do curso de Secretariado Executivo da Universidade Federal de Sergipe e gestores no mercado sergipano, além de membros pioneiros na constituição da ocupação no Estado. As análises apontam para o desenvolvimento da profissão, embora tardio, no âmbito educacional. Já o mercado de trabalho apresenta-se sob ocupação irregular das vagas destinadas ao Secretariado, conseqüência que pode ser atribuída à escassa oferta de

  18. Integração lavoura e pecuária: o estado da arte e inovações tecnológicas Crop and livestock integration: the state of the art and the near future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Claudio Motta Macedo

    2009-07-01

    pesquisas, resultados já alcançados, e considerações sobre o futuro.Sustainability is an actual theme and very present in all discussion in the tropical agriculture world, including Brazil. This country experienced high taxes of development in agribusiness, increasing exportation trading, producing foods of better quality and raising incoming rates of farmers. However, two mains aspects call the attention in respect to sustainability: excessive soil preparation with monoculture of annual crops and pasture degradation. These situations have brought losses in crop and livestock yields, increased soil degradation and collapse of natural resources. Continuous cropping of monoculture accelerates attacks of insects and diseases, specially the ones related to soil interactions. Technologies such as minimum tillage, crop rotation and crop-livestock integration can alleviate these problems and drive agriculture to sustainability. Minimum tillage has increase to more than 60% of soil tillage usage in Brazil. Adoption of this system in large scale, covering more regions, with different clime and soil, is highly dependent of crops that produce high amounts of residues and straw for better soil coverage. Crop-livestock integrated systems (CLIS have been cultivated with many crops, such as: soybeans, corn, pearl millet, sorghum, cotton, sunflower, etc. and especially perennial tropical grasses asBrachiaria spp, intercropped or not. CLIS can be one important alternative to pasture recuperation and improvement of annual crops. They increase straw to minimum tillage systems, improve soil chemical, physical and biological properties, and better use of equipments, farmers income, and jobs in rural area. This paper analyze the state of the art in CLIS research, later results, and bring some considerations for the near the future of CLIS in Brazil.

  19. Photophysical properties and excited state intramolecular proton transfer in 2-hydroxy-5-[(E)-(4-methoxyphenyl)diazenyl]benzoic acid in homogeneous solvents and micro-heterogeneous environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gashnga, Pynsakhiat Miki [Centre for Advanced Studies, Department of Chemistry, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793022, Meghalaya (India); Singh, T. Sanjoy [Department of Chemistry, Assam University, Silchar 788011, Assam (India); Baul, Tushar S. Basu [Centre for Advanced Studies, Department of Chemistry, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793022, Meghalaya (India); Mitra, Sivaprasad, E-mail: smitra@nehu.ac.in [Centre for Advanced Studies, Department of Chemistry, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793022, Meghalaya (India)

    2014-04-15

    A systematic study on the photophysical properties and excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) behavior of 2-hydroxy-5-[(E)-(4-methoxyphenyl)diazenyl]benzoic acid, is reported using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy in homogeneous solvents as well as in different micro-heterogeneous environments. Depending on the nature of intramolecular hydrogen bond (IHB), the salicylic acid derivative may exist in two different ground state conformers (I and II). Structure I having IHB between the carbonyl oxygen and phenolic hydrogen can undergo ESIPT upon excitation as evidenced by largely Stokes-shifted fluorescence at ∼455 nm; whereas, normal fluorescence in the blue side of the spectrum (∼410 nm) is due to the spontaneous emission from conformer II. The results in homogeneous solvents were compared with those in bio-mimicking environments of β-cyclodextrin (CD) and surfactants. The intensity of the ESIPT fluorescence increases substantially upon encapsulation of the probe into the cyclodextrin as well as micellar nano-cavities. Detailed analysis of the spectroscopic data indicates that the probe forms 1:1 complex with CD in aqueous medium. Binding constant of the probe with the micelles as well as critical micelle concentration was obtained from the variation of fluorescence intensity on increasing concentration of different surfactants in aqueous medium. -- Highlights: • Steady state and time resolved fluorescence study on ESIPT in HMBA. • Dual fluorescence corresponding to the pro- and non-ESIPT structures. • Modulation of ESIPT fluorescence in micro-heterogeneous environments. • 1:1 stoichiometry for interaction with cyclodextrin. • Calculation of binding constant and other physico-chemical properties from fluorescence titration data in surfactants.

  20. Excesso de peso em crianças e adolescentes no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil: prevalência e determinantes Overweight in children and adolescents in Pernambuco State, Brazil: prevalence and determinants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Sá Leal

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetivou verificar a prevalência e os determinantes do excesso ponderal em crianças e adolescentes de Pernambuco, Brasil, no ano de 2006. Com delineamento transversal e de base populacional, a pesquisa incluiu 1.435 indivíduos de 5-19 anos. A análise de regressão múltipla hierarquizada com seleção hierarquizada foi utilizada para avaliar a associação de variáveis explanatórias sobre o excesso ponderal. A prevalência de excesso de peso foi de 13,3% (IC95%: 11,6-15,1, sendo 9,5% de sobrepeso e 3,8% de obesidade. As razões de prevalências ajustadas evidenciaram que maiores renda familiar e escolaridade materna, posse de bens de consumo, residência em área urbana e o excesso de peso materno estiveram entre os determinantes do excesso ponderal. A magnitude da prevalência do excesso ponderal em todo o Estado de Pernambuco demonstra a necessidade de ações de saúde pública voltadas à unidade familiar, independentemente do segmento social.This study aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight and associated risk factors in children and adolescents in Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2006. The cross-sectional, population-based study included 1,435 individuals from 5 to 19 years of age. Poisson regression was used to evaluate the association between selected variables and overweight. Prevalence was 13.3% for overweight (95%CI: 11.6-15.1 and 3.8% for obesity. Adjusted prevalence ratios showed that higher family income, maternal schooling, possession of household consumer goods, living in urban areas, and maternal overweight were associated with overweight in children and adolescents. The high prevalence of overweight in Pernambuco emphasizes the need for public health measures targeting all families regardless of socioeconomic status.

  1. Diversity of the land resources in the Amazonian State of Rondônia, Brazil Diversidade dos terrenos e solos do estado de Rondônia, Brasil

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    T.T. Cochrane

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Conflicting opinions are recorded in the literature concerning the suitability of Amazon lands for sustainable agriculture following deforestation. This article has been written to shed light on this question by summarizing climate, landform, soil and vegetation features from the findings of a land resource study of the Brazilian state of Rondônia in south-west Amazonia. The work, which followed the World Soils and Terrain Digital Database (SOTER methodology, was financed by the World Bank. During the course of the survey special emphasis was given to studying soils; 2914 profiles were analyzed and recorded. The study identified a complex pattern of land units with clear differences in climate, landform, soils and native vegetation. Forested areas mosaic with lesser areas of natural savannas. The latter occur on both poorly-drained and well-drained, albeit nutrient deficient sandy soils. The tallest and most vigorous forests or their remnants were seen growing on well-drained soils formed from nutrient-rich parent materials. Many of these soils could, or are being used for productive agriculture. Soils developed on nutrient-poor parent materials support forests that are significantly lower in height, and would require large lime and fertilizer inputs for agriculture. Low forests with high palm populations and minor areas of wet land savannas cover the poorly drained soils. It is evident that forest clearing in the past was indiscriminant; this cannot be condoned. The diversity of land conditions found throughout Rondônia would suggest that many past studies in the Amazon have simply been too broad to identify significant soil differences.Opiniões divergentes são encontradas na literatura com respeito ao uso de terras da Amazônia para agricultura sustentável apos desmatamento. Este artigo busca clarificar a questão com um resumo dos resultados de um estudo dos recursos naturais (clima, atributos de solos e terrenos, e vegetação do estado

  2. ADUBAÇÃO MINERAL E ORGÂNICA DA ABÓBORA HÍBRIDA: ESTADO NUTRICIONAL E PRODUÇÃO MINERAL AND ORGANIC FERTILIZER OF THE HYBRID SQUASH: NUTRITIONAL STATE AND PRODUCTION

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    Francisco Affonso Ferreira

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Com finalidade de avaliar a resposta da cultura da abóbora híbrida cv. Tetsukabuto à adubação orgânica e mineral, foram realizados sete experimentos em Ponte Nova, Minas Gerais, em solo podzólico vermelho-amarelo câmbico fase terraço. Cada experimento se deu em uma época de amostragem, iniciada aos 21 dias e encerrada aos 105 dias após a semeadura, com intervalos de 14 dias. Nestes foram testados cinco tratamentos de adubação mais um tratamento-controle (sem adubação. Nos tratamentos de adubação, definidos por meio de um corte em diagonal de um fatorial completo, foram aplicadas as doses de 0, 3, 6, 9 e 12 t/ha (base seca de composto orgânico de bagaço de cana e de resíduos de suínos, associadas com as doses de 0,772; 0,579; 0,386; 0,193 e 0 t/ha de 4-14-8, respectivamente, em quatro repetições, no delineamento de blocos ao acaso. A substituição parcial da adubação mineral pela orgânica aumentou o número de folhas da planta, o comprimento da rama principal e a produtividade de frutos. A produtividade de frutos máxima e a de maior eficiência econômica, 13,596 e 13,368 t/ha, foram atingidas com as doses de 6.402 kg/ha do composto orgânico e 360 kg/ha de 4-14-8 e com a dose de 5.247 kg/ha do composto e 434 kg/ha de 4-14-8, respectivamente. Os teores de N, P, K, S, Ca e Mg, aos 49 dias após a semeadura, na matéria seca do limbo foliar da planta de abóbora, associados com a dose de máxima eficiência econômica, foram 38,8; 5,2; 27,5; 2,5; 21,3 e 3,8, respectivamente. Estes valores, aos 63 dias após a semeadura, foram 43,8; 4,7; 24,4; 2,5; 18,3 e 5,3, respectivamente. Aos 105 dias após a semeadura, os conteúdos de N, P, K, S, Ca e Mg na parte aérea, estimados e expressos em g/planta, foram de 27,8; 4,7; 26,7; 1,8; 10,1 e 4,8, respectivamente.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Abóbora híbrida; moranga híbrida; teores de

  3. Os Estados Unidos e as relações internacionais contemporâneas The United States in the present international relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Ayerbe

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa a posição dos Estados Unidos nas relações internacionais pós-Guerra Fria, tomando como referência as controvérsias sobre os alcances e limites da sua postura hegemônica, que adquirem maior impulso a partir da formulação da chamada "doutrina Bush", sistematizada no documento "A Estratégia de Segurança Nacional dos EUA". No tratamento da temática proposta, enfatizam-se os seguintes aspectos: estabelecimento de um paralelo entre a transição dos séculos XIX-XX e XX-XXI, situando as características do imperialismo de cada época; uma análise da atual política externa dos Estados Unidos, enfocando o debate entre unilateralismo e multilateralismo, com destaque para as reações geradas pela intervenção no Iraque; uma discussão crítica das abordagens que visualizam na agenda de segurança da administração Bush um indicador de perda de hegemonia, que imporia a substituição da busca do consenso pela dominação aberta.This article analyzes the position of the United States in the post-Cold War world, considering as a reference the controversies on the extension and limits of its hegemonic posture, which acquires greater relevance after the formulation of the "Bush Doctrine", systematized in the document "The National Security Strategy of the United States of America". Our approach will lay emphasis on the following aspects: establishment of a parallel between the transition of the XIX-XX and XX-XXI centuries, from studies that point out the characteristics of imperialism at different times; an analysis of the current foreign policy of the United States, focusing on the debate between unilateralism and multilateralism, emphasizing the reactions caused by the intervention in Iraq; a critical argument of the approaches that visualize in the security agenda of the Bush administration an indicator of a loss of hegemony, which would impose open domination over the search of consensus.

  4. Co-cultivation of mutant Penicillium oxalicum SAU(E)-3.510 and Pleurotus ostreatus for simultaneous biosynthesis of xylanase and laccase under solid-state fermentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwivedi, Pallavi; Vivekanand, V; Pareek, Nidhi; Sharma, Amit; Singh, Rajesh P

    2011-10-01

    Co-cultivation of mutant Penicillium oxalicum SAU(E)-3.510 and Pleurotus ostreatus MTCC 1804 was evaluated for the production of xylanase-laccase mixture under solid-state fermentation (SSF) condition. Growth compatibility between mutant P. oxalicum SAU(E)-3.510 and white rot fungi (P. ostreatus MTCC 1804, Trametes hirsuta MTCC 136 and Pycnoporus sp. MTCC 137) was analyzed by growing them on potato dextrose agar plate. Extracellular enzyme activities were determined spectrophotometrically. Under derived conditions, paired culturing of mutant P. oxalicum SAU(E)-3.510 and P. ostreatus MTCC 1804 resulted in 58% and 33% higher levels of xylanase and laccase production, respectively. A combination of sugarcane bagasse and black gram husk in a ratio of 3:1 was found to be the most ideal solid substrate and support for fungal colonization and enzyme production during co-cultivation. Maximum levels of xylanase (8205.31 ± 168.31 IU g(-1)) and laccase (375.53 ± 34.17 IU g(-1)) during SSF were obtained by using 4 g of solid support with 80% of moisture content. Furthermore, expressions of both xylanase and laccase were characterized during mixed culture by zymogram analysis. Improved levels of xylanase and laccase biosynthesis were achieved by co-culturing the mutant P. oxalicum SAU(E)-3.510 and P. ostreatus MTCC 1804. This may be because of efficient substrate utilization as compared to their respective monocultures in the presence of lignin degradation compounds because of synergistic action of xylanase and laccase. Understanding and developing the process of co-cultivation appears productive for the development of mixed enzyme preparation with tremendous potential for biobleaching.

  5. Exportations and competitiveness of the lumber and paper industries in the state of Paraná As exportações e a competitividade dos complexos madeireiro e papeleiro paranaenses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Silva Carvalho

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} The article analyzes the behavior and competitiveness of exportations in the State of Paraná of the Lumber and Paper Industries between 1990-2002, as well as the factors that determine the exportations performance and their interaction with the Lumber and Paper Industries international trade. The concentration index Hirschman-Hefindahl (IHH is used to verify the evolution of the exportation markets concentration as well as the Constant Market Share (CMS model that separates the sources of exportations development into four components: world trade increase, constitution of the exportation schedule, destination of exportations and competitiveness. The behavior and exportations trend of both sectors are analyzed from 1990 to 2002, subdivided in three periods: 1990-1993, 1994-1998 and 1999-2002. By means of the separation of the development sources through CMS model, it is verified that the development of the world trade and competitiveness are responsible for the increase of the Lumber industry exportations in two sub-periods: 1994-1998 and 1999-2002, being also responsible for the exportations increase of the Paper industry only in the first sub-period. In the second sub-period, competitiveness was not enough to accomplish an increase of the Paper industry, what shows a fragility of policies for the opening of new markets and dissemination of products of the State of Paraná in foreign markets.   Normal 0 21 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso

  6. Differentiation between alluvial and deep aquifer waters in the townships of Crato and Juazeiro do Norte, Ceara State, Brazil; Distincao entre aguas dos aluvioes e aguas profundas nos municipios de Crato e Juazeiro do Norte, Ceara

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Carla M.S. Vidal; Santiago, Marlucia Freitas; Frischkorn, Horst; Mendes Filho, Josue [Ceara Univ., Fortaleza, CE (Brazil)

    1996-08-01

    We studied a group of deep-wells in the townships of Crato and Juazeiro do Norte, in the Cariri region, in the South of Ceara State. In this region, which is of high economic importance for the State, exclusively underground-water is used for public water supplies. Hydrogeologic conditions are complicated and deep wells produce waters of mixed origin which are difficult to be characterized. Using carbon-14 concentrations (expressed in pMC) and electric conductivity (CE, measured in {mu}S/cm) we can distinguish alluvial waters from those originating from deeper aquifers (Rio da Batateira e Missao Velha). Alluvial waters exhibit a positive correlation between CE and pMC. For Crato, CE=30.3 pMC - 3185 (R=0.996) with pMC higher than 100 and CE ranging from 88 to 497 {mu}S/cm was obtained, Juazeiro do Norte wells gave CE = 0.98 pMC + 100.31 (R=0.84), with pMC from 66.6 to 124.8 and CE from 162 and 226 {mu}S/cm. Deep aquifer samples show a negative correlation between CE and pMC. (author) 4 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Itinerários e métodos do aborto ilegal em cinco capitais brasileiras Itineraries and methods of illegal abortion in five Brazilian state capitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debora Diniz

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta os resultados da etapa de entrevistas estruturadas da Pesquisa Nacional de Aborto (PNA-entrevistas, descrevendo características das mulheres que fizeram ao menos um aborto ilegal, os itinerários e os métodos. Entrevistas estruturadas feitas em 2010 e 2011 com 122 mulheres entre 18 e 39 anos que abortaram, em cinco capitais brasileiras (Belém, Brasília, Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro e Salvador. Amostra não probabilística controlada por seis cotas, de acordo com nível educacional e idade, refletindo a estrutura social e demográfica encontrada na PNA-urna. A maioria das mulheres entrevistadas realizou apenas um aborto, mas uma em cada quatro realizou dois abortos, e uma em cada 17 realizou três abortos. A maioria dos abortos ocorre entre jovens até 19 anos, muitas das quais já tiveram filhos. Os exames mais comuns para identificar a gravidez são o beta-HCG sérico, o teste de urina de farmácia e o ultrassom. Há uma prevalência do aborto entre mulheres negras. O principal método abortivo é uma combinação de chás e cytotec (misoprostol com a finalização em hospitais. Parentes e companheiros auxiliam em diferentes etapas do processo. Várias mulheres relataram já ter ajudado outras mulheres a abortar após sua experiência individual.This paper presents the results of the structured interview phase of the National Abortion Survey (PNA-interviews, describing the itineraries, methods and social and demographic profile of women who had at least one illegal abortion. Structured interviews were conducted during the years 2010 and 2011 in five state capitals (Belem, Brasilia, Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador with 122 women aged between 18 and 39 who had abortions. It is a non-probabilistic sample controlled by six parameters in accordance with level of education and age to reflect the social and demographic structure found in the PNA ballot-box questionnaire phase. The majority of women interviewed had had

  8. Sensoriamento remoto da vegetação: evolução e estado-da-arte = Remote sensing of vegetation: evolution and state of the art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laerte Guimarães Ferreira

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Levantamentos sistemáticos da cobertura vegetal no Brasil, à escala desemidetalhe, incluem aqueles realizados no âmbito dos projetos Radam e Radambrasil, no período de 1971 a 1977, tendo por base imagens de radar aerotransportadas e, mais recentemente, os mapeamentos, com base em imagens Landsat 7 ETM+, dos remanescentes da cobertura vegetal nos biomas brasileiros (projeto MMA/PROBIO, concluídos em 2006. Nestes pouco mais de 30 anos, muitas mudanças ocorreram, tanto na cobertura vegetal do país quanto no sensoriamento remoto orbital. Neste artigo de revisão, apresentamos, do ponto de vista conceitual e tecnológico, a evolução e o estado-da-arte dos sistemas sensorese discutimos algumas das técnicas mais utilizadas para decodificar (ex. em parâmetros biofísicos etc. e classificar a resposta espectral da vegetação. Da mesma forma, apresentamos as principais iniciativas, históricas ou em curso, voltadas ao monitoramento da cobertura vegetal dos biomas brasileiros.Systematic surveys of the vegetative cover in Brazil include the semi-detailed mappings conducted within the scope of the Radam and Radambrasil projects, between 1971 and 1977, based on side-looking airborne radar images, and more recently, the assessments, based on Landsat 7 ETM+ imagery, of the remnant vegetation cover of the Brazilian biomes (MMA/PROBIO, finished in 2006. In a little more than 30 years, many changes have occurred, both in vegetation cover as well as in orbital remote sensing. In this review article,we discuss, from a conceptual and technological perspective, the evolution and the state of the art of imager sensors, as well as some of the enhancement techniques utilized for decoding (e.g., in biophysical parameters, etc. and classifying the spectral response ofvegetation. Likewise, we present the main current (pioneering initiatives for land cover monitoring of the Brazilian biomes.

  9. Globalização e políticas públicas: vida, paixão e morte do Estado nacional? Globalization and public policies: life, passion and death of the national State?

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    Reginaldo Carmello Corrêa de Moraes

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Confrontando argumentos apresentados em literatura selecionada, o artigo visa a dar ao leitor uma visão sintética de constituição do "capitalismo organizado" (1870-1970, de sua crise de identidade (na década de 1970 e da emergência do capitalismo re-organizado pelo processo que se tem chamado de globalização. Destaque especial dá-se à globalização econômica nas suas três dimensões reciprocamente condicionadas (comércio, produção, finanças. Também se destaca o papel, nesses três momentos, do Estado nacional, como arena em disputa e como ator político relevante.Confronting arguments selected in the literature, this paper seeks to give the reader a synthetic vision of the constitution of the "organized capitalism" (1870-1970, its identity crisis (1970s and the emergence of a capitalism reorganized through the process we call globalization. A special emphasis is given to the economic globalization in its three reciprocally conditioned dimensions (trade, production, finance. The text also highlights the role of the national State, in these three moments, as an arena under discussion and a relevant political actor.

  10. Crise e reforma do Estado e da Universidade Brasileira: implicações para o trabalho docente Crisis and reform of Brazilian State and University: implications for the teaching work

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    Deise Mancebo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho discute o novo papel que o Estado capitalista assume, em face da mundialização do capital, e as conseqüências daí advindas para a política educacional, especialmente para a educação superior. Aborda, ainda, os efeitos dessa reforma na organização do trabalho docente, face ao intenso processo de privatização das instituições de educação superior, destacando a neoprofissionalização do ensino e a mercadorização da produção de conhecimentos.The work discusses the new roles that the capitalist State assumes, as a cause of the mundialization of capital, and the consequences resulted for educational politics, specially for the high education. It boards, still, the effects occurred in organization of teaching work, face to the intense process of privatization of institutions of high education, detaching the neoprofissionalization of teaching and the marketing of knowledge production.

  11. Quadrupole deformation of deuterons and final-state interaction in {sup 2}H{searrow}({ital e},{ital e}{sup {prime}}{ital p}) scattering on tensor-polarized deuterons at GeV energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bianconi, A.; Jeschonnek, S.; Nikolaev, N.N.; Zakharov, B.G. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pavia, Pavia (Italy)]|[Dipartimento Fisica Nucleare e Teorica, Universita di Pavia (Italy)]|[Institut fuer Kernphysik (Theorie), Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, D-52425 Juelich (Germany)]|[L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, GSP-1, 117940, ul. Kosygina 2, V-334 Moscow (Russia)

    1996-02-01

    The strength of final-state interaction (FSI) between struck proton and spectator neutron in {sup 2}H{searrow}({ital e},{ital e}{sup {prime}}{ital p}) scattering depends on the alignment of the deuteron. In the framework of the Glauber theory of FSI, which is relevant at GeV energies of the struck proton, we study the resulting FSI effects in the tensor analyzing power in detail and find substantial FSI effects starting at still low missing momentum {ital p}{sub {ital m}}{approx_gt}0.9 fm{sup {minus}1}. At larger {ital p}{sub {ital m}}{approx_gt}1.5 fm{sup {minus}1}, FSI completely dominates both missing momentum distribution and tensor analyzing power. We find that to a large extent FSI masks the sensitivity of the tensor analyzing power to models of the deuteron wave function. For the transversely polarized deuterons the FSI induced forward-backward asymmetry of the missing momentum distribution is shown to have a node at precisely the same value of {ital p}{sub {ital m}} as the plane-wave impulse approximation missing momentum distribution. The position of this node is not affected by FSI and can be a tool to distinguish experimentally between different models for the deuteron wave function. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  12. Bound-state effects in $\\mu^{+}e^{-} \\to \\gamma\\gamma$ and $\\overline{B}^{0}_{s} \\to \\gamma\\gamma$ decays

    CERN Document Server

    Eeg, Jan O; Picek, I

    2000-01-01

    We demonstrate that in the double-radiative decays of heavy-light QED and QCD atoms, \\mu^{+} e^{-} \\to \\gamma\\gamma and \\bar{B}^{0}_{s} \\to \\gamma\\gamma, there is a contribution coming from operators that vanish on the free-quark mass shell. This off-shell effect is suppressed with respect to the effect of the well known flavour-changing magnetic-moment operator by the bound-state binding factor. Accordingly, the negligible off-shellness of the weakly bound QED atoms becomes important for strongly bound QCD atoms. We present this effect in two different model-approaches to QCD, one of them enabling us to keep close contact to the related effect in QED.

  13. CHARACTERISTIC OF STEADY-STATE REGIME FOR ONE OF SCENARIOUS OF MOLDOVA RIGHT BANK POWER SYSTEM INTEGRATION TO ENTSO-E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaitsev D.A.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the integration scenario of Moldavian power system to ENTSO-E. Various options of the development of power generation on the territory of the Republic of Moldova have been proposed and analyzed in order to correspond with Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2030. Analysis of steady-state operation has been performed regarding active power losses for entire power system, and also for the each element with differentiation on voltage levels. The computation and estimation of static stability factor for active power and for voltage were performed. Import/export of energy was estimated, and other indices of regime of energy system were analyzed as well. Technically effective variants were selected as a result of comparative analysis.

  14. Orchidaceae no Parque Estadual da Cantareira e sua conservação. Orchidaceae in the Cantareira State Park and its conservation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Ramos ZANDONÁ

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O Parque Estadual da Cantareira – PEC abriga uma das maiores florestas urbanas do mundo, declarada parte da Reserva da Biosfera do Cinturão Verde de São Paulo. A família Orchidaceae tem grande apelo ornamental e econômico, aspecto importante para a sensibilização de todos sobre a responsabilidade em conservar nossas espécies nativas e seus habitats. O presente trabalho visou, sobretudo, ao levantamento da família Orchidaceae no PEC. Para tal, foram realizadas coletas semanais, entre agosto de 2008 e fevereiro de 2014, utilizando o método da caminhada, tendo como base o mapa de fitofisionomias do PEC. A coleta de material botânico priorizou o resgate de plantas vivas em árvores e galhos caídos, sendo que as plantas foram incluídas em coleções vivas do Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo – IBt e PEC para acompanhamento da floração, herborização, documentação fotográfica e identificação. As plantas foram identificadas com base no material vivo utilizando-se da diagnose floral para determinação da espécie, as exsicatas foram tombadas no herbário do Instituto Florestal – SPSF. As demais plantas resgatadas, após identificação, foram realocadas no habitat e são também utilizadas em atividades educativas. Até o momento foram levantadas 159 espécies, de 64 gêneros, entre elas 10 espécies presentes em listas vermelhas, e outras dificilmente encontradas, o que coloca o PEC como detentor de maior riqueza de Orchidaceae da Região Metropolitana de São Paulo em comparação com outros levantamentos. Das 159 espécies registradas, 105 foram resgatadas, totalizando 3.120 indivíduos, dos quais 450 foram incluídos em coleções do IBt e PEC, e o restante realocado no habitat para observações e estudos futuros. Atividades com visitantes do PEC indicam que a utilização de orquídeas como tema para educação é bastante promissor. – The Cantareira State Park (Parque Estadual da Cantareira – PEC, declared part

  15. Laser excitation of 8-eV electronic states in Th{sup +}. A first pillar of the electronic bridge toward excitation of the Th-229 nucleus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herrera-Sancho, Oscar-Andrey

    2012-11-23

    The possibility to realize a nuclear clock based on the optical magnetic dipole transition from the ground state to the low-energy isomeric state in the {sup 229}Th nucleus has motivated experiments and proposals toward highly accurate clocks with trapped ions and highly stable optical frequency standards with Th-doped solids. These systems hold great promise to open a field of research in the borderland between atomic and nuclear physics, which will enable highly sensitive tests of postulates from fundamental physics and also will allow us to coherently excite and control nuclear states, opening a wonderful and intriguing new field in physics. A major experimental obstacle that has to be overcome before any precision spectroscopy can be performed with this system is however the insufficient knowledge on the exact transition energy. The best experimental result so far is an indirect determination from {gamma}-spectroscopy with a relative uncertainty of about 6%. To facilitate the search for the nuclear transition within a wide uncertainty range around 8 eV, we investigate two-photon excitation in the dense electronic level structure of Th{sup +}, which enables the nuclear excitation via a resonantly enhanced inverse electronic bridge process. Experiments on one- and two-photon laser excitation of buffer gas cooled {sup 232}Th{sup +} ions in a radio-frequency ion trap are reported in this thesis. The strongest resonance line at 402 nm from the (6d{sup 2}7s)J=3/2 ground state to the (6d7s7p)J=5/2 state is driven as the first excitation step. Using nanosecond laser pulses in the 250-nm wavelength range for the second step of a two-photon excitation, we have observed seven previously unknown levels in the unexplored region of the electronic level structure around 8 eV. This investigation shows that the Th{sup +} ion seems to be well suited for the search of the isomer transition because both, theory and experimental results, agree on the density of strong transitions

  16. Mortalidade infantil e evitabilidade em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, 2000 a 2002 Infant mortality and its preventability in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, 2000-2002

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    Ana Lúcia Gomes da Silva Gastaud

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo retrospectivo caracteriza o perfil epidemiológico da mortalidade infantil em 16 municípios sul-mato-grossenses em 2000-2002 e avalia seu grau de evitabilidade, utilizando a Classificação Internacional de Doenças, 10ª Revisão (CID-10 e a Lista de Causas de Morte Evitáveis por Intervenções no Âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde do Brasil. Dados do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade (SIM revelaram óbitos por causas perinatais em 54,3% dos 1.537 casos; anomalias congênitas em 14,9%; doenças infecciosas e parasitárias em 9,4% e doenças do aparelho respiratório em 7%. As mortes evitáveis e reduzíveis perfizeram 73,1%, na maior parte (69,5% decorrendo de inadequada atenção à mulher na gestação e parto e ao recém-nascido. Outras causas relacionaram-se à imunoprevenção (0,7%, ações de diagnóstico e tratamento (10,4% e promoção à saúde (11,2%. As mortes por causas não claramente evitáveis totalizaram 24,3%. Os resultados reforçam a relevância da monitorização de agravos materno-infantis para redução da mortalidade infantil, principalmente em menores de sete dias.This retrospective study describes the epidemiological profile of infant mortality in 2000-2002 in 16 counties in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, and evaluates the preventability of such deaths, using the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10 and the List of Causes of Death Preventable by Interventions in the Setting of the Brazilian Unified National Health System in Children Under Five Years. Perinatal causes accounted for 54.3% of the 1,537 deaths, according to the Mortality Information System; congenital anomalies 14.9%; infectious and parasitic diseases 9.4%; and respiratory disorders 7%. A full 73.1% of deaths were preventable, and most (69.5% resulted from inadequate prenatal, obstetric, and neonatal care. Additional causes were related to vaccine prevention (0.7%, diagnosis and

  17. Estado e educação: o desafio de ampliar a cidadania State and education: the challenge to enlarge citizenship

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    Pedro Roberto Jacobi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda o tema da participação como um processo continuado de democratização da gestão da educação. Está estruturado em três partes. Inicialmente, desenvolve-se uma reflexão sobre o conceito de participação em suas diversas dimensões e possibilidades. A segunda parte enfoca os públicos participativos no Brasil privilegiando a institucionalização das relações entre o Estado e a sociedade civil. A terceira parte se centra nas possibilidades de construção de espaços de inovação institucional. As experiências explicitam a existência/inexistência de um potencial de ruptura em torno da distância quase sempre presente entre o poder centralizado e as realidades sociais mutantes e heterogêneas. Isto põe em evidência os limites dos mecanismos existentes formais, verticais, corporativos e clientelistas, construídos para permitir/impedir a participação dos cidadãos nos assuntos públicos. O principal desafio está em fortalecer espaços deliberativos e a modernização dos instrumentos de gestão e de articulação. Para tanto, requer-se uma engenharia sócio-institucional pautada pela premissa da superação das barreiras socioinstitucionais existentes e o necessário fortalecimento na sociedade de políticas pautadas pela inclusão da noção de interesse geral. Isto se potencializa na medida em que o tema da cidadania é assumido como um ponto nodal para a institucionalização da participação dos cidadãos em processos decisórios de interesse público no contexto das políticas educacionais, assim como aquelas que com ela se relacionam e são interdependentes.The article approaches the theme of participation as a continuous process of democratization of educational administration. It is structured in three parts. Initially it develops an analysis on the concept of participation in its diverse dimensions and possibilities. The second part focuses on a participatory public in Brazil with emphasis in the

  18. Discovery of kilohertz quasi-periodic oscillations and state transitions in the low-mass X-ray binary 1E~1724-3045 (Terzan 2)

    CERN Document Server

    Altamirano, D; Méndez, M; Wijnands, R; Markwardt, C; Swank, J

    2008-01-01

    We have studied the rapid X-ray time variability in 99 pointed observations with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE)'s Proportional Counter Array of the low-mass X-ray binary 1E~1724--3045 which includes, for the first time, observations of this source in its island and banana states, confirming the atoll nature of this source. We report the discovery of kilohertz quasi-periodic oscillations (kHz QPOs). Although we have 5 detections of the lower kHz QPO and one detection of the upper kHz QPO, in none of the observations we detect both QPOs simultaneously. By comparing the dependence of the rms amplitude with energy of kHz QPOs in different atoll sources, we conclude that this information cannot be use to unambiguously identify the kilohertz QPOs as was previously thought. We find that Terzan~2 in its different states shows timing behavior similar to that seen in other neutron-star low mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs). We studied the flux transitions observed between February 2004 and October 2005 and conclude t...

  19. Geometry optimization and excited state properties of the new symmetric (E)-Stilbene derivative for application in thermostable polarizing PVA-films: A combined experimental and DFT approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahab, Siyamak; Almodarresiyeh, Hora Alhosseini; Filippovich, Liudmila; Hajikolaee, Fatemeh Haji; Kumar, Rakesh; Darroudi, Mahdieh; Mashayekhi, Mahsa

    2016-09-01

    In the present work, quantum-chemical calculations used for the structural analysis of the new symmetric (E)-Stilbene derivative: (Potassium 2,2‧-((ethane-1,2-diylbis(4,1-phenylene))bis(azanediyl))diacetate) (P) (Trans isomer) using DFT/B3LYP/LanL2MB level of theory. The FT-IR and 1H NMR spectra of the compound P are presented. The electronic absorption spectrum of the P in aqueous medium was calculated using TDB3LYP/LanL2MB method. The excitation energies, electronic transitions and oscillator strengths for studied structure have also been calculated. The experimental, calculated UV/Vis and emission spectra of the P are presented and discussed. The geometry optimization of the molecule P in excited state and its electronic spectrum was carried out by the same method. In excited state the molecule P loses its symmetry and becomes unstable form. First time on the basis of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and the new designed structure P thermostable polarizing film absorbing at λmax = 410 nm was created. Polarizing Efficiency (PE) of obtained film is 96% at Stretching Degree (Rs) 3.0. In oriented PVA-films is the phenomenon of anisotropy of thermal conductivity (λ||/λ⊥) which is very important for development of thermostable polarizing films.

  20. Prerrogativas estatais, integração regional e lógica distributiva State prerrogatives, regional integration, and distributive logic

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    Marcelo de A. Medeiros

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Analisa-se a emergência de um novo paradigma de ordem internacional, baseado em processos de integração regional no lugar do decadente Estado nacional, tendo em vista os limites a ele impostos pela persistência da dinâmica do Estado nacional. Assinala-se a dificuldade para substituir a lógica intergovernamental pela lógica supranacional. A ausência de organizações supranacionais efetivas impõe restrições à distribuição dos ganhos obtidos pela dinâmica integracionista. Examina-se isso com base nos casos do Mercosul e da União Européia.The emergency of a new paradigm of international order, based on processes of regional integration instead of the decadent national State is examined in view of the limits imposed on it by the persistence of the dynamics of the national State. The difficulty in substituting a supranational logic for the intergovernmental one is pointed out. The absence of effective supranational organizations imposes restrictions on the distribution of the gains attained through the integrationist dynamics. This is examined on the basis of the cases of the Mercosul and of the European Union.

  1. Anti-Microbial Resistance Profiles Of E. Coli Isolated From Free Range Chickens In Urban And Rural Environments Of Imo State, Nigeria

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    Okoli IC

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Information on the resistance profiles of normal intestinal flora of extensively reared chickens that hardly receive antibiotics in the developing countries can serve as important means of understanding the human/animal pathogens drug resistance interactions in the zone. Three hundred and fifty E. coli isolates, comprising 133 from urban and 217 from rural sites in Imo state, Nigeria, were screened for anti-microbial resistance profile against 10 antibiotics using the disc diffusion method. Overall percentage anti-microbial resistance of the isolates against cotrimoxazole, ampicillin, nalidixic acid, chloramphenicol and nitrofurantoin (72–92% were very high. The organisms were highly sensitive to other antibiotics, especially gentamicin and ciprofloxacin. The 59.5% overall mean percentage resistance recorded at the urban area was significantly higher than the 46.8% recorded at the rural area (p<0.05. With the exception of the figures for cotrimoxazole and ampicillin, resistance values obtained against the other antibiotics at the urban sites were statistically higher than those obtained at the rural sites (p<0.05. Zero resistance was recorded against the fluoroquinolones, norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin at all the rural sites except at Enyiogwugwu where a 28.6% resistance was obtained against norfloxacin. Since free-range chickens rarely receive antibiotic medication, it is concluded that the highly resistant E. coli organisms isolated from them may be reflecting consequences of human drug use in the study areas.

  2. Equilíbrio dinâmico, estilo de vida e estados emocionais em adultos jovens Dinamic balance, lifestyle and emotional states in young adults

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    Ivana Beatrice Manica da Cruz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Uma hipótese para explicar algumas desordens periféricas vestibulares seria sua correlação com variáveis do estilo de vida. Assim, a realização de estudos populacionais sobre o tema em adultos jovens é relevante. OBJETIVOS: Analisar a prevalência de indicação de alterações no equilíbrio dinâmico em adultos jovens e sua possível associação com variáveis do estilo de vida, saúde e estados emocionais negativos (pois podem intervir nos resultados. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foi realizado um estudo epidemiológico transversal, não-probabilístico, retrospectivo-clínico, em adultos jovens (18-32 anos de uma comunidade universitária com 751 indivíduos, com média de 22.45± 3.32 anos. Variáveis do estilo de vida, saúde e estados emocionais negativos (EEN, que são depressão, ansiedade e estresse, foram coletadas via entrevista. Teste de Unterberger foi aplicado para averiguar indicação de alteração no equilíbrio dinâmico. Indivíduos com equilíbrio dinâmico alterado (EDA foram então comparados com os sem alteração (controle. RESULTADOS: Da amostra 642 (83.6% desviaram menos que 45º enquanto que 109 (14.2% apresentaram um desvio maior que 45º sendo então considerados o grupo EDA. O grupo EDA apresentou maior prevalência de tabagismo, abuso/dependência de álcool, hipertensão arterial sistêmica e de EEN. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo destaca a ocorrência de EDA que precisa ser comprovado em estudos futurosA one hypothesis to explain some vestibular peripheral disorders is their association with life style. Thus, studies with young adults are relevant. AIM: to analyze the prevalence of dynamic balance alterations in young adults and their possible association with life style variables, health and negative emotional states (since they can impact the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: we carried out a non-probabilistic cross-sectional, clinical-retrospective study with young adults (18-32 years of age from a university with 751

  3. Tétano acidental no Estado do Ceará, entre 2002 e 2005 Accidental tetanus in the State of Ceará, between 2002 and 2005

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    Alexsandra Rodrigues Feijão

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Descrevem-se as características demográficas e clínicas de indivíduos com tétano acidental no Ceará. Analisou-se, retrospectivamente, 131 casos de tétano acidental notificados em hospital de referência estadual entre 2002 e 2005. Destes, a maioria (84,8% ocorreu entre homens e em moradores da zona urbana (93,2%. A faixa etária com maior incidência foi a de 35 a 49 anos (35,2%. História vacinal completa esteve relatada em quatro (3% casos, sendo ferimento perfurocortante o mais observado, e os membros inferiores os mais acometidos. O trismo esteve relacionado a 86,2% dos casos, seguido por contraturas (54,1%. Entre os notificados houve 95,5% confirmados, cujo óbito incidiu em 33 (26,4% pacientes. Conclui-se que o tétano acidental no Ceará atinge a população de maneira expressiva, apesar de ser uma doença imunoprevinível. Urge autoridades e órgãos gestores da saúde programarem estratégias que visem mudanças de políticas públicas relacionadas à cobertura vacinal dos susceptíveis, principalmente adultos.The demographic and clinical characteristics of individuals with accidental tetanus in Ceará are described. This was retrospective analysis of 131 cases of accidental tetanus notified in a state referral hospital between 2002 and 2005. Most of these cases (84. 8% occurred among men and among people living in the urban zone (93. 2%. The age group with highest incidence was between 35 and 49 years old (35. 2%. A complete vaccination history was reported in four (3% cases. Puncturing/cutting wounds were the cause most commonly observed and the legs were the area most affected. Trismus (lockjaw was reported in 86. 2% of the cases, followed by muscle contractions (54. 1%. Among the notified cases, 95. 5% were confirmed and 33 patients (26. 4% died. We conclude that accidental tetanus in Ceará significantly affects the population, in spite of being a disease that is preventable by immunization. The health authorities and health

  4. La costituzione dell’INA e il monopolio statale delle assicurazioni (1912-1922 = The constitution of INA and the state monopoly of insurance (1912-1922

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    Serena Potito

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio –basato principalmente su documenti attualmente conservati presso l’Archivio Storico dell’INA, a Roma– esamina le vicende legate alla nascita dell’Istituto, costituito in un regime transitorio di monopolio relativo nel settore delle assicurazioni sulla vita.A causa del suo significato economico e politico, questa speciale forma di monopolio statale diede luogo a molte reazioni nell’ambito finanziario e politico nazionale, pertanto l’INA iniziò i primi anni di attività in una situazione conflittuale ed incerta.Il saggio inoltre approfondisce le ripercussioni sul mercato assicurativo internazionale in seguito alla nascita dell’INA.Durante il decennio di monopolio parziale dell’Istituto nel settore delle assicurazioni sulla vita (1912-1922, le compagnie di assicurazione straniere ritennero compromessi i loro interessi finanziari nel mercato italiano, e lo osteggiarono fino al 1923, quando una nuova legge riformò il mercato assicurativo sulla vita, abolendo il regime di monopolio.The essay –mainly based on documents actually preserved in the Historical Archives of INA, in Rome– examines the events connected with the foundation of the Institute, established in a transient condition of partial monopoly system in life insurance sector. Because of its economic and political meaning, this special form of state monopoly gave rise to many reactions in the financial and political national context, and so INA started its first years of activity in a troubled and unstable situation. The essay also discusses about the repercussions on international insurance market in consequence of the foundation of INA.During the ten-year perior of partial monopoly of the Institute in life insurance sector (1912-1922, foreign insurance companies deemed their financial interest in Italian market jeopardized, and contrasted with it until 1923, when a new act reformed life insurance market, abrogating monopoly system. 

  5. Nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2 production in response to ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene particles depends on osteoblast maturation state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohmann, Christoph H; Dean, David D; Bonewald, Lynda F; Schwartz, Zvi; Boyan, Barbara D

    2002-03-01

    Recent studies have shown that osteoblast-like cells respond directly to ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene particles in culture, suggesting that they may be involved in aseptic loosening of endoprostheses. We tested the hypothesis that the state of cell maturation plays a role in the response of osteogenic cells to ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene particles. MG63 cells (immature osteoblast-like cells), OCT-1 cells (mature secretory osteoblast-like cells), and MLO-Y4 cells (osteocyte-like cells) were treated for twenty-four hours with commercial ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene particles with an average diameter of 1 mm. The effect of particle treatment on cell proliferation was assessed by measuring the number of cells, whereas the effects on differentiation and local factor production were assessed by measuring the production of osteocalcin, prostaglandin E2, and nitric oxide. The effect of particles on apoptosis was also evaluated. The addition of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene particles increased the number of MG63 cells, did not affect the number of OCT-1 cells, and led to a decrease in the number of MLO-Y4 cells. The observed changes in cell number were not due to programmed cell death, as no more than 3% of the cells in cultures treated with the highest concentration of particles were undergoing apoptosis. Osteocalcin production was not affected by the addition of particles. Prostaglandin E2 production was increased in all three types of cultures, but the effect was greatest in OCT-1 cell cultures, as was the absolute amount of prostaglandin E2 produced. Nitric oxide production was unaffected in MG63 cell cultures, but it was stimulated in OCT-1 and MLO-Y4 cell cultures. The results of the present study support the hypothesis that osteoblast cell maturation state plays an important role in the response to ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene particles and that the terminally differentiated osteocyte may be involved in the

  6. O processo de trabalho do militar estadual e a saúde mental Working process of military police state officers and mental health

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    Maurivan Batista da Silva

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A Polícia Militar está balizada em dois pilares fundamentais: a disciplina e a hierarquia. O que a faz uma organização complexa com feixes de interesses que obstam a capacidade de resistência à mudança. Identificar como essa organização se estrutura e, sobretudo, relacioná-la com a saúde mental é o objetivo deste artigo. Buscamos contextualizar as finalidades dos serviços de segurança pública via breve histórico da polícia estadual, sua divisão e aplicabilidade frente à violência cotidiana. Através da psicologia do trabalho, usamos técnicas e conceitos fundamentados na Ergonomia da Atividade e na Psicodinâmica do Trabalho: observação do processo de trabalho, pesquisa documental, entrevistas individuais e coletivas. A análise de natureza qualitativa demonstrou que o policial militar está no centro de uma conjugação de forças advindas da organização do trabalho, da precarização do trabalho e, por fim, da sociedade contemporânea. As formas como essas relações de forças se conjugam, contribuem para implicações danosas à saúde (mental dos profissionais, cuja configuração favorece o aumento do sofrimento psíquico, podendo se desdobrar em alcoolismo, depressão e até em suicídio. Dados da Junta Médica, de 2003 a 2005, mostram uma média de 489 policiais militares afastados do serviço por licenças médicas. Trata-se de números preocupantes em uma área de serviço público essencial à população. Esses números seriam maiores se as liberações ocorridas no local de trabalho também fossem computadas. O procedimento de liberação interna ocorre para tentar mediar os possíveis longos períodos na atividade para tratamento de saúde.The Military Police are guided by two fundamental pillars: discipline and hierarchy making them a complex organization with groups of interests that hinder their capacity to change. The aim of the present study is to identify how the organization is structured and to

  7. The e+ e- --> 3(pi+pi-), 2(pi+pi-pi0) and K+K- 2(pi+pi-) Cross Sections at Center-of-Mass Energies from Production Threshold to 4.5 GeV Measured with Initial-State Radiation

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Best, D S; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Y; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Dickopp, M; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Latour, E; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Gaillard, J R; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mader, W F; Mallik, U; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Petersen, T C; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Kelly, M P; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S Y; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Patel, P M; Potter, C T; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; Mayer, B; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Martínez-Vidal, F; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Flood, K T; Graham, M T; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mellado, B; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Tan, P; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2006-01-01

    We study the processes e+ e- --> 3(pi+pi-)gamma, 2(pi+pi-pi0)gamma and K+ K- 2(pi+pi-)gamma, with the photon radiated from the initial state. About 20,000, 33,000 and 4,000 fully reconstructed events, respectively, have been selected from 232 fb-1 of BaBar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective e+e- center-of-mass energy, so that these data can be compared with the corresponding direct e+e- measurements. From the 3(pi+pi-), 2(pi+pi-pi0) and K+ K- 2(pi+pi-) mass spectra, the cross sections for the processes e+ e- --> 3(pi+pi-), e+ e- --> 2(pi+pi-pi0) and e+ e- --> K+ K- 2(pi+pi-) are measured for center-of-mass energies from production threshold to 4.5 GeV. The uncertainty in the cross section measurement is typically 6-15%. We observe the J/psi in all these final states and measure the corresponding branching fractions.

  8. Substratos fertilizados com uréia revestida e o crescimento e estado nutricional da muda de citros = Substrata fertilized with coated urea and the growth and nutritional state of the young citrus tree

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Buchaul de Azevedo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram conduzidos dois experimentos com objetivo de avaliar o crescimento e estado nutricional da muda de citros, em função de diferentes doses de uréia revestida (UR. No primeiro, conduzido do transplantio (01/2006 ao ponto de enxertia (06/2006, foram avaliadas cinco doses de UR (0, 0,5, 1,0, 2,0 e 4,0 kg m-³ de substrato e dois substratos (Plantmax® e outro obtido da mistura entre bagaço de cana + torta de filtro – BT. No segundo, conduzido do ponto de enxertia ao de desponte (12/2006, foram avaliadas as cinco doses de UR no substrato BT. O ponto de enxertia foi atingido aos 120 dias após o transplantio nas plantas cultivadas no substrato BT, enquanto no Plantmax®, não foi atingido. O teor de N no porta-enxerto cultivado no substrato BT aumenta com as doses de UR. Maiores diâmetro e teor de N nas plantas cultivadas no substrato Plantmax® éobservado na dose 2,4 kg m-3. Usando substrato BT com as características descritas neste experimento, seria possível a obtenção do porta-enxerto tangerineira ‘Cleópatra’ apto aenxertia aos 159 dias após o transplantio e da muda de laranjeira ‘Seleta’, enxertada sobre ele, aos 182 dias após a enxertia, sem complementação da adubação nitrogenada com uréia revestida.Two experiments were carried out with the objective of evaluating the growth and nutritional state of the young citrus tree in function of different levels of coated urea (UR. In the first experiment, carried out from transplanting (01/2006 up to the budding point (06/2006, five levels of UR were evaluated (0, 0.5, 1. 0, 2.0 and 4.0kg m-³of substratum and two substrata (Plantmax® and another obtained from sugar cane bagasse + filter cake – BT. In the second experiment, carried out from budding until the pinch out point (12/2006, five doses of UR in substratum BT were evaluated. The budding point was reached 120 days after the transplanting in the plants cultivated in substratum BT, while in Plantmax® it was not

  9. Erosividade da chuva e erodibilidade de Cambissolo e Latossolo na região de Lavras, sul de Minas Gerais Rainfall erosivity and erodibility of Cambisol (Inceptisol and Latosol (Oxisol in the region of Lavras, Southern Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Marcos da Silva

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, ainda são relativamente poucos os estudos envolvendo erodibilidade do solo, principalmente Cambissolos, dada a morosidade na obtenção dos resultados de experimentos com chuva natural. O conhecimento dos índices de erosividade e de erodibilidade é importante para o planejamento conservacionista, contribuindo para a sustentabilidade dos solos. Este estudo teve como objetivos determinar a erosividade da chuva e a erodibilidade de Cambissolo Háplico Tb distrófico típico e Latossolo Vermelho distroférrico típico, sob chuva natural, em Lavras (MG, no período de 1998 a 2002. Os dados de precipitação pluviométrica foram obtidos na Estação Climatológica Principal de Lavras, localizada no campus da Universidade Federal de Lavras, próxima das unidades experimentais de perdas de solo. A erosividade (EI30 foi determinada a partir do produto da energia cinética da chuva pela sua intensidade máxima em 30 min. Estes dados, correlacionados com as perdas de solo, permitiram obter o índice de erodibilidade dos solos. A precipitação total média anual foi 1.287 mm e a erosividade média foi de 4.865 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 ano-1. A erodibilidade foi 0,0355 Mg h MJ-1 mm-1 para o Cambissolo e 0,0032 Mg h MJ-1 mm-1 para o Latossolo, em consonância com seus atributos mineralógicos, químicos, físicos e morfológicos diferenciais.Relatively few studies in Brazil have investigated soil erodibility, mainly for Cambisols (Inceptisols, due to the tediousness of data collection in natural rainfall experiments. Knowledge about erodibility and erosivity is important for conservation planning, which contributes to soil sustainability. This study aimed at evaluating the rainfall erosivity and erodibility of a typic dystrophic Tb Haplic Cambisol (Inceptisol and a typic dystroferric Red Latosol (Oxisol under natural rainfall, in Lavras, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, between 1998 and 2002. Pluvial precipitation data were obtained from the main weather

  10. Sistemas de manejo de plantas daninhas no desenvolvimento e na produtividade da soja Burndown systems on growth and grain yield in soybeans in Paraná State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamil Constantin

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A escolha do momento adequado para a dessecação da cobertura vegetal antecedente à semeadura é fundamental para o êxito da cultura da soja cultivada no sistema de plantio direto. Neste contexto, o objetivo do trabalho foi o de avaliar dois sistemas de manejo de plantas daninhas: imediatamente antes da semeadura (sistema "Aplique-Plante" - AP e o manejo antecipado (MA, composto por duas aplicações. No MA, a primeira aplicação de glyphosate (1240 g ha-1 foi entre 30 e 35 dias antes da semeadura da cultura, e a segunda às vésperas da semeadura. Para o AP, as aplicações com 1.080 a 1.260 g ha-1 de glyphosate foram realizadas 48 horas antes da semeadura. Os trabalhos foram desenvolvidos na safra 2003/2004, em seis localidades no Estado do Paraná: Sertãozinho, Campo Mourão, Iretama, Pitanga, Boa Esperança e Mamborê, em áreas com grande densidade de infestação de plantas daninhas antes da semeadura direta da soja. Foram realizadas avaliações referentes ao controle das plantas daninhas e desenvolvimento e produtividade da cultura. Com a utilização do MA foi proporcionado maior controle das plantas daninhas após a emergência da cultura. As plantas de soja nas áreas AP estavam com menor altura, em comparação às no MA, evidenciando-se atraso no crescimento. Verificou-se redução de produtividade em todas as localidades onde se adotou o manejo AP, com reduções entre 15% e 50%.The choice of the adequate moment for the desiccation of the green cover that precedes the sowing is fundamental for the success of no-till soybeans. This context, the work was aimed to study two burndown systems: desiccation immediately before sowing (AP and anticipated desiccation (MA, composed by two burndown herbicide applications. For MA, the first application of glyphosate (1240 g ha-1 occurred between 30 and 35 days before the sowing of the crop, and the second was done just before sowing. For AP, the applications (1080 to 1260 g ha-1 of

  11. Ações afirmativas: polêmicas e possibilidades sobre igualdade racial e o papel do estado Affirmative actions: polemics and possibility about racial equality and the role of the state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sales Augusto dos Santos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa a importância do papel do Estado para a implementação das políticas públicas de a��ão afirmativa, especialmente para estudantes negros ingressarem no ensino superior público. Argumenta-se que a ação afirmativa é uma das alternativas para reduzir ou minimizar a desigualdade de inserção entre estudantes negros e brancos de escolas públicas e/ou particulares no ensino superior, especialmente por meio de uma de suas técnicas de implementação: o sistema de cotas. Embora haja vários argumentos contra o sistema de cotas, os autores se concentraram em debater ou contra-argumentar apenas um: o de que o sistema de cotas poderá gerar conflitos raciais no Brasil.The article analyses the importance of the role of the State for the implementation of public policies of affirmative action, especially for black students to enter public higher education. It argues that affirmative action is one of the alternatives to reduce or minimize the inequality in this field between black and white students and/or students from public schools and private schools, in particular by means of one of its techniques of implementation: the quota system. In spite of there being various arguments against the quota system, the authors concentrate on debating or counter-arguing only one: that the quota system may generate racial conflicts in Brazil.

  12. O desenvolvimento meandroso da educação brasileira entre o estado e o mercado The meandering development of Brazilian education between State and market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Antônio Cunha

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo questiona a imagem da privatização da educação brasileira como um processo generalizado e contínuo. Defende que a privatização consiste num processo cheio de meandros, que não comporta resposta simples, porque as forças que a determinam ora incentivam o crescimento do setor público, ora do setor privado, ora de ambos. Como sustentação da argumentação, é examinada a legislação federal relativa aos incentivos às instituições privadas nas últimas quatro décadas, assim como as estatísticas de alunos dos três níveis de ensino. O autor chama a atenção para o fato de que o aumento do número de alunos do ensino médio público gera uma nova qualidade, que exige um novo currículo. O artigo conclui que o caráter meandroso dessas fronteiras expressa, de um lado, uma crise de hegemonia no que concerne à natureza do Estado republicano e, de outro, o travamento de uma qualidade de que a educação brasileira carece, qual seja, a da clareza na distinção entre o público e o privado, em sua dimensão institucional e curricular.The present study seeks to question the image of the privatization of Brazilian education, which is presented as a generalized and ongoing process. It argues that this privatization process is full of meanders and does not accept simple answers because it is established by forces that sometimes stimulate the growth of the public sector, sometimes that of the private sector and sometime that of both. To support this argument, it explores both the federal legislation on incentives to private institutions passed these last four decades and the statistics on students in the three levels of education. The author highlights the fact that the increase in the number of secondary public school students generates a new quality that demands a new curriculum. The paper concludes that the meandering character of such frontiers demonstrates, on the one hand, a crisis of hegemony with regard to the nature of the

  13. Absence of hepatitis B virus DNA in patients with hepatitis C and non-A-E hepatitis in the State of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souza L.O.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV infection has been reported as cases in which HBV DNA was detected despite the absence of any HBV serological markers or in cases in which anti-HBc antibody was the sole marker. The aim of the present study was to determine, using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR, whether HBV infection occurs in hepatitis C and non-A-E hepatitis patients without serological evidence of hepatitis B infection in São Paulo State. Two different populations were analyzed: 1 non-A-E hepatitis patients, including 12 patients with acute and 50 patients with chronic hepatic disorders without serological evidence of infection with known hepatitis viruses; 2 43 patients previously diagnosed as hepatitis C with positive results for anti-HCV and HCV RNA. Among hepatitis C patients, anti-HBc was detected in 18.6% of the subjects. Three different sets of primers were employed for HBV DNA detection by nested PCR, covering different HBV genes: C, S and X. HBV-DNA was not detected in any sample, whereas the positive controls did produce signals. The lack of HBV DNA detection with these pairs of primers could be due to a very low viral load or to the presence of mutations in their annealing sites. The latter is unlikely as these primers were screened against an extensive dataset of HBV sequences. The development of more sensitive methods, such as real time PCR, to detect circular covalent closed DNA is necessary in order to evaluate this question since previous studies have shown that cryptic hepatitis B might occur.

  14. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Artificial Drainage (1992) and Irrigation (1997)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieczorek, Michael; LaMotte, Andrew E.

    2010-01-01

    version of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) ERF1_2 and include enhancements to support national and regional-scale surface-water quality modeling (Nolan and others, 2002; Brakebill and others, 2011). Data were compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment for the conterminous United States covering New England and Mid-Atlantic (MRB1), South Atlantic-Gulf and Tennessee (MRB2), the Great Lakes, Ohio, Upper Mississippi, and Souris-Red-Rainy (MRB3), the Missouri (MRB4), the Lower Mississippi, Arkansas-White-Red, and Texas-Gulf (MRB5), the Rio Grande, Colorado, and the Great basin (MRB6), the Pacific Northwest (MRB7) river basins, and California (MRB8).

  15. SU-E-T-96: Demonstration of a Consistent Method for Correcting Surface Dose Measurements Using Both Solid State and Ionization Chamber Detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynolds, T; Gerbi, B; Higgins, P [UniversityMinnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To compare the surface dose (SD) measured using a PTW 30-360 extrapolation chamber with different commonly used dosimeters (Ds): parallel plate ion chambers (ICs): RMI-449 (Attix), Capintec PS-033, PTW 30-329 (Markus) and Memorial; TLD chips (cTLD), TLD powder (pTLD), optically stimulated (OSLs), radiochromic (EXR2) and radiographic (EDR2) films, and to provide an intercomparison correction to Ds for each of them. Methods: Investigations were performed for a 6 MV x-ray beam (Varian Clinac 2300, 10x10 cm{sup 2} open field, SSD = 100 cm). The Ds were placed at the surface of the solid water phantom and at the reference depth dref=1.7cm. The measurements for cTLD, OSLs, EDR2 and EXR2 were corrected to SD using an extrapolation method (EM) indexed to the baseline PTW 30-360 measurements. A consistent use of the EM involved: 1) irradiation of three Ds stacked on top of each other on the surface of the phantom; 2) measurement of the relative dose value for each layer; and, 3) extrapolation of these values to zero thickness. An additional measurement was performed with externally exposed OSLs (eOSLs), that were rotated out of their protective housing. Results: All single Ds measurements overestimated the SD compared with the extrapolation chamber, except for Attix IC. The closest match to the true SD was measured with the Attix IC (− 0.1%), followed by pTLD (0.5%), Capintec (4.5%), Memorial (7.3%), Markus (10%), cTLD (11.8%), eOSL (12.8%), EXR2 (14%), EDR2 (14.8%) and OSL (26%). The EM method of correction for SD worked well for all Ds, except the unexposed OSLs. Conclusion: This EM cross calibration of solid state detectors with an extrapolation or Attix chamber can provide thickness corrections for cTLD, eOSLs, EXR2, and EDR2. Standard packaged OSLs were not found to be simply corrected.

  16. Long-term monitoring of PKS 2155$-$304 with ATOM and H.E.S.S.: investigation of optical/$\\gamma$-ray correlations in different spectral states

    CERN Document Server

    Abramowski, A; Benkhali, F Ait; Akhperjanian, A G; Angüner, E O; Backes, M; Balenderan, S; Balzer, A; Barnacka, A; Becherini, Y; Tjus, J Becker; Berge, D; Bernhard, S; Bernlöhr, K; Birsin, E; Biteau, J; Böttcher, M; Boisson, C; Bolmont, J; Bordas, P; Bregeon, J; Brun, F; Brun, P; Bryan, M; Bulik, T; Carrigan, S; Casanova, S; Chadwick, P M; Chakraborty, N; Chalme-Calvet, R; Chaves, R C G; Chrétien, M; Colafrancesco, S; Cologna, G; Conrad, J; Couturier, C; Cui, Y; Dalton, M; Davids, I D; Degrange, B; Deil, C; deWilt, P; Djannati-Ataï, A; Domainko, W; Donath, A; Drury, L O'C; Dubus, G; Dutson, K; Dyks, J; Dyrda, M; Edwards, T; Egberts, K; Eger, P; Espigat, P; Farnier, C; Fegan, S; Feinstein, F; Fernandes, M V; Fernandez, D; Fiasson, A; Fontaine, G; Förster, A; Füßling, M; Gabici, S; Gajdus, M; Gallant, Y A; Garrigoux, T; Giavitto, G; Giebels, B; Glicenstein, J F; Gottschall, D; Grondin, M -H; Grudzińska, M; Hadsch, D; Häffner, S; Hahn, J; Harris, J; Heinzelmann, G; Henri, G; Hermann, G; Hervet, O; Hillert, A; Hinton, J A; Hofmann, W; Hofverberg, P; Holler, M; Horns, D; Ivascenko, A; Jacholkowska, A; Jahn, C; Jamrozy, M; Janiak, M; Jankowsky, F; Jung, I; Kastendieck, M A; Katarzyński, K; Katz, U; Kaufmann, S; Khélifi, B; Kieffer, M; Klepser, S; Klochkov, D; Kluźniak, W; Kolitzus, D; Komin, Nu; Kosack, K; Krakau, S; Krayzel, F; Krüger, P P; Laffon, H; Lamanna, G; Lefaucheur, J; Lefranc, V; Lemière, A; Lemoine-Goumard, M; Lenain, J -P; Lohse, T; Lopatin, A; Lu, C -C; Marandon, V; Marcowith, A; Marx, R; Maurin, G; Maxted, N; Mayer, M; McComb, T J L; Méhault, J; Meintjes, P J; Menzler, U; Meyer, M; Mitchell, A M W; Moderski, R; Mohamed, M; Morå, K; Moulin, E; Murach, T; de Naurois, M; Niemiec, J; Nolan, S J; Oakes, L; Odaka, H; Ohm, S; Opitz, B; Ostrowski, M; Oya, I; Panter, M; Parsons, R D; Arribas, M Paz; Pekeur, N W; Pelletier, G; Perez, J; Petrucci, P -O; Peyaud, B; Pita, S; Poon, H; Pühlhofer, G; Punch, M; Quirrenbach, A; Raab, S; Reichardt, I; Reimer, A; Reimer, O; Renaud, M; Reyes, R de los; Rieger, F; Rob, L; Romoli, C; Rosier-Lees, S; Rowell, G; Rudak, B; Rulten, C B; Sahakian, V; Salek, D; Sanchez, D A; Santangelo, A; Schlickeiser, R; Schüssler, F; Schulz, A; Schwanke, U; Schwarzburg, S; Schwemmer, S; Sol, H; Spanier, F; Spengler, G; Spies, F; Stawarz, Ł; Steenkamp, R; Stegmann, C; Stinzing, F; Stycz, K; Sushch, I; Tavernet, J -P; Tavernier, T; Taylor, A M; Terrier, R; Tluczykont, M; Trichard, C; Valerius, K; van Eldik, C; van Soelen, B; Vasileiadis, G; Veh, J; Venter, C; Viana, A; Vincent, P; Vink, J; Völk, H J; Volpe, F; Vorster, M; Vuillaume, T; Wagner, S J; Wagner, P; Wagner, R M; Ward, M; Weidinger, M; Weitzel, Q; White, R; Wierzcholska, A; Willmann, P; Wörnlein, A; Wouters, D; Yang, R; Zabalza, V; Zaborov, D; Zacharias, M; Zdziarski, A A; Zech, A; Zechlin, H -S

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we report on the analysis of all the available optical and very high-energy $\\gamma$-ray ($>$200 GeV) data for the BL Lac object PKS 2155$-$304, collected simultaneously with the ATOM and H.E.S.S. telescopes from 2007 until 2009. This study also includes X-ray (RXTE, Swift) and high-energy $\\gamma$-ray (Fermi-LAT) data. During the period analysed, the source was transitioning from its flaring to quiescent optical states,and was characterized by only moderate flux changes at different wavelengths on the timescales of days and months. A flattening of the optical continuum with an increasing optical flux can be noted in the collected dataset, but only occasionally and only at higher flux levels. We did not find any universal relation between the very high-energy $\\gamma$-ray and optical flux changes on the timescales from days and weeks up to several years. On the other hand, we noted that at higher flux levels the source can follow two distinct tracks in the optical flux-colour diagrams, which see...

  17. High resolution infrared spectrum of the CD2 wagging band of methanol-D2 (CHD2OH) for the lowest lying torsional vibrational state (e0)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhopadhyay, Indra

    2016-07-01

    This paper reports the analysis of the high resolution (0.0019 cm-1) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrum for asymmetrically deuterated methanol CHD2OH (methanol-D2) at a low temperature for the CD2 wagging band for the lowest lying trans-species (e0). In spite of the complexity and perturbation in the spectra, assignments were possible for the CD2 wagging band for a maximum K value of 10. In total, about 500 spectral lines have been assigned. Analysis of the spectral lines has been performed in terms of state dependent molecular parameters, Q-branch origins and asymmetry splitting. Assignments have been thoroughly confirmed using combination relations (see text). The catalogue of the assigned transition wavenumbers will help identification and prediction of far infrared (FIR) optically pumped CO2 lasers. The absorption lines close to the several 10R and 10P CO2 laser lines have also been identified. These should help experimentalists to optimize the power of the emission FIR laser lines and to predict new lines and should prove valuable as a laboratory support for interstellar detection in "Radio Astronomy". To our knowledge this is the first time such vibrational infrared (IR) high resolution study in CHD2OH is being performed.

  18. Measurement of the e+e−→π+π− cross section between 600 and 900 MeV using initial state radiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ablikim

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available We extract the e+e−→π+π− cross section in the energy range between 600 and 900 MeV, exploiting the method of initial state radiation. A data set with an integrated luminosity of 2.93 fb−1 taken at a center-of-mass energy of 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider is used. The cross section is measured with a systematic uncertainty of 0.9%. We extract the pion form factor |Fπ|2 as well as the contribution of the measured cross section to the leading-order hadronic vacuum polarization contribution to (g−2μ. We find this value to be aμππ,LO(600–900MeV=(368.2±2.5stat±3.3sys⋅10−10, which is between the corresponding values using the BaBar or KLOE data.

  19. Instituições do Estado e políticas de regulação e incentivo ao cinema no Brasil: o caso Ancine e Ancinav State institutions and regulation and support policies for the film industry in Brazil: the case of Ancine and Acinav

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Kobol Fornazari

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as políticas públicas de regulação, fiscalização e incentivo à indústria audiovisual no Brasil, a partir da criação da Agência Nacional do Cinema (Ancine. Pela perspectiva das transformações recentes no aparato institucional do Estado brasileiro, o artigo estuda a especificidade de uma agência reguladora criada para atuar nesse setor de política pública. Analisa o panorama histórico da relação entre Estado e cinema no Brasil, bem como os resultados concretos e o significado estratégico da atuação da agência, e compara os modelos institucionais de regulação do setor em outros países selecionados: Argentina, México, França e Reino Unido. Além disso, avalia o debate sobre a mudança no perfil e escopo da agência, com sua possível substituição pela Agência Nacional do Cinema e do Audiovisual (Ancinav e a forma polêmica pela qual esta proposta foi recebida pela comunidade cultural e cinematográfica. Finalmente, o artigo interpreta o que constitui, nessa experiência brasileira, um aparato institucional a que dá o nome de "agência articuladora de política pública setorial".This article analyzes the regulation, overseeing and support policies for the audiovisual industry in Brazil, since the creation of the National Film Agency (Ancine. From the perspective of the recent changes in the institutional apparatus of the Brazilian state, the article studies the specificity of a regulatory agency created for this public policy sector. It analyzes the historical background of the relationship between state and film industry in Brazil, as well as the concrete results and strategical meaning of the agency's actions, and compares regulatory institution models in other selected countries: Argentina, Mexico, France and UK. It also discusses the debate on the agency's change of profile and scope, with its possible substitution by The National Film and Audiovisual Agency and the controversy this proposal

  20. Interaction between new synthesized derivative of (E,E)-azomethines and BN(6,6-7) nanotube for medical applications: Geometry optimization, molecular structure, spectroscopic (NMR, UV/Vis, excited state), FMO, MEP and HOMO-LUMO investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheikhi, Masoome; Shahab, Siyamak; Filippovich, Liudmila; Khaleghian, Mehrnoosh; Dikusar, Evgenij; Mashayekhi, Mahsa

    2017-10-01

    In this present work, first time interaction between new synthesized derivative of the 4-((E)-((4-((E)-phenyldiazenyl)phenyl)imino)methyl)benzoic acid (E-PABA) and the BN(6,6-7) Nanotube for medical applications were studied. The geometries of the compounds E-PABA, the BN(6,6-7) Nanotube and the Complex BN(6,6-7)/E-PABA were optimized by Density Functional Theory (DFT) in the gas phase. The adsorption effect of the compound E-PABA on the electronic properties, chemical shift tensors and natural charge of the BN(6,6-7) Nanotube was investigated and discussed. The electronic spectra of the E-PABA and the Complex BN(6,6-7)/E-PABA in the gas phase carried out by Time Dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) for the foundation adsorption effect on maximum wavelength of the E-PABA.

  1. Situation of mendicancy, child labor and child prostitution against children and teenagers in Londrina, Parana State--2006/Situacao de mendicancia, trabalho precoce e prostituicao infantil envolvendo criancas e adolescentes em Londrina, Estado do Parana--2006

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martins, Christine Baccarat de Godoy; Jorge, Maria Helena Prado de Mello

    2009-01-01

    ... em que figuram criancas e adolescentes. A pesquisa, de natureza descritiva, objetivou estudar as circunstancias da mendicancia, trabalho e prostituicao infantil envolvendo menores de 15 anos residentes em Londrina, Estado do Parana...

  2. Search for new phenomena in the $Z(\\rightarrow\\ell\\ell) + E_{\\mathrm{T}}^{\\mathrm{miss}}$ final state at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

    CERN Document Server

    The ATLAS collaboration

    2016-01-01

    A study of the $\\ell\\ell+E^{\\mathrm{miss}}_{\\mathrm{T}}$ ($\\ell=\\; e,\\;\\mu$) final state is performed using 13.3 fb$^{-1}$ of 13 TeV proton-proton collision data collected by the ATLAS experiment. The collisions were produced by the Large Hadron Collider in 2015 and the first half of 2016. The analysis is optimised to address three searches: 1) the search for new heavy resonances decaying to $ZZ\\rightarrow \\ell\\ell\

  3. Search for sneutrino production in eμ final states in 5.3 fb-1 of pp collisions at square root s =1.96 TeV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Ancu, L S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; BackusMayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brandt, O; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Brown, J; Bu, X B; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calpas, B; Calvet, S; Camacho-Pérez, E; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Carrera, E; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Chen, G; Chevalier-Théry, S; Cho, D K; Cho, S W; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Croc, A; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; DeVaughan, K; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Ding, P F; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Geng, W; Gerbaudo, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Ginther, G; Golovanov, G; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegab, H; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De La Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hossain, S; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jamin, D; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Joshi, J; Juste, A; Kaadze, K; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Khatidze, D; Kirby, M H; Kohli, J M; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurča, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, H S; Lee, S W; Lee, W M; Lellouch, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Madar, R; Magaña-Villalba, R; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martínez-Ortega, J; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Mondal, N K; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Nayyar, R; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Onoprienko, D; Orduna, J; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otero y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padilla, M; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Parihar, V; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Petrillo, G; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; Prewitt, M; Price, D; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Razumov, I; Renkel, P; Rich, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Santos, A S; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Simak, V; Sirotenko, V; Skubic, P; Slattery, P; Smirnov, D; Smith, K J; Snow, G R; Snow, J; Snyder, S; Söldner-Rembold, S; Sonnenschein, L; Sopczak, A; Sosebee, M; Soustruznik, K; Spurlock, B; Stark, J; Stolin, V; Stoyanova, D A; Strauss, E; Strauss, M; Strom, D; Stutte, L; Svoisky, P; Takahashi, M; Tanasijczuk, A; Taylor, W; Titov, M; Tokmenin, V V; Tsybychev, D; Tuchming, B; Tully, C; Tuts, P M; Uvarov, L; Uvarov, S; Uzunyan, S; Van Kooten, R; van Leeuwen, W M; Varelas, N; Varnes, E W; Vasilyev, I A; Verdier, P; Vertogradov, L S; Verzocchi, M; Vesterinen, M; Vilanova, D; Vint, P; Vokac, P; Wahl, H D; Wang, M H L S; Warchol, J; Watts, G; Wayne, M; Weber, M; Wetstein, M; White, A; Wicke, D; Williams, M R J; Wilson, G W; Wimpenny, S J; Wobisch, M; Wood, D R; Wyatt, T R; Xie, Y; Xu, C; Yacoob, S; Yamada, R; Yang, W-C; Yasuda, T; Yatsunenko, Y A; Ye, Z; Yin, H; Yip, K; Yoo, H D; Youn, S W; Yu, J; Zelitch, S; Zhao, T; Zhou, B; Zhu, J; Zielinski, M; Zieminska, D; Zivkovic, L

    2010-11-05

    We report the results of a search for R parity violating (RPV) interactions leading to the production of supersymmetric sneutrinos decaying into eμ final states using 5.3 fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Having observed no evidence for production of eμ resonances, we set direct bounds on the RPV couplings λ311' and λ312 as a function of sneutrino mass.

  4. A search for the production of the final states. tau. sup +. tau. sup minus e sup + e sup minus ,. tau. sup +. tau. sup minus. mu. sup +. mu. sup minus , and. tau. sup +. tau. sup minus. pi. sup +. pi. sup minus in e sup + e sup minus collisions at radical s = 29 GeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-07-01

    We have searched for the reaction e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup {minus}}{bar f}f, where f is either an electron, muon, or charged pion, at {radical}s = 29 GeV using the Mark 2 detector at the PEP storage ring. One candidate event is found while 2.3 events are expected from known processes. We would expect to see 11 events if the cross-section for e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup {minus}}{bar f}f at {radical}s = 29 GeV were enhanced by the factor of 4.7 which the ALEPH collaboration reports for {radical}s = 91 GeV. we also look for e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} {yields} e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}{bar f}f and e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup {minus}} {bar f}f, and for e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup {minus}} {gamma} using a similar analysis procedure and see the number of events predicted by the standard model. 10 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Os gêneros Zanthoxylum L. e Esenbeckia Kunth (Rutaceae no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil The genera Zanthoxylum L. and Esenbeckia Kunth (Rutaceae in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Figueiredo Melo

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho consiste no levantamento das espécies dos gêneros Zanthoxylum e Esenbeckia ocorrentes em Pernambuco. Foi baseado nos caracteres morfológicos das espécies obtidas em campo e nos materiais de 16 herbários brasileiros. Foram registradas nove espécies de Zanthoxylum: Z. caribaeum Lam., Z. fagara (L. Sarg., Z. gardneri Engl., Z. hamadryadicum Pirani, Z. monogynum A. St.-Hil., Z. petiolare A. St.-Hil & Tul., Z. rhoifolium Lam., Z. stelligerum Turcz. e Z. syncarpum Tul. Para Esenbeckia foram verificadas cinco espécies: E. almawillia Kaastra, E. febrifuga (A. St.-Hil. Juss. ex Mart., E. garandiflora Mart., E. leiocarpa Engl. e E. pilocarpoides Kunth. Para reconhecimento das espécies são apresentadas chaves de identificação, descrições, ilustrações, distribuição geográfica, comentários e nomes vulgares.This work is a survey of the species of Zanthoxylum and Esenbeckia occuring in the State of Pernambuco. It was based on morphological characters of the species obtained during field trips and of specimens from 16 Brazilian herbaria. Nine species were recorded for Zanthoxylum: Z. caribaeum Lam., Z. fagara (L. Sarg., Z. gardneri Engl., Z. hamadryadicum Pirani, Z. monogynum A. St.-Hil., Z. petiolare A. St.-Hil & Tul., Z. rhoifolium Lam., Z. stelligerum Turcz., and Z. syncarpum Tul. Esenbeckia comprised five species: E. almawillia Kaastra, E. febrifuga (A. St.Hil. Juss. ex Mart., E. grandiflora Mart., E. leiocarpa Engl., and E. pilocarpoides Kunth. Identication keys, descriptions, ilustrations, geographic distribution, common names, and comments on the species are presented.

  6. O direito à saúde na interface entre sociedade civil e Estado The right to healthcare at the interface between civil society and state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Rangel de Souza Machado

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é discutir sobre o desenvolvimento do direito à saúde no Brasil. Parte-se do processo de construção dos direitos sociais, passando pela assunção destes direitos na Carta Magna Brasileira até chegar às compreensões atuais de certos segmentos sociais sobre o direito à saúde. A análise baseia-se na pesquisa realizada em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, a respeito da atuação conjunta entre conselhos de saúde e Ministério Público. Pode-se observar que o direito à saúde tem sido associado à ideia de acesso a serviços de saúde. Isto, no entanto, tem se mostrado ser um aspecto limitador na luta pela garantia e ampliação deste direito. Por este motivo, determinados segmentos da sociedade vêm adotando uma postura mais ativa em relação à compreensão sobre este direito. Tal compreensão tem rendido ganhos substanciais na luta pela ampliação do direito à saúde no Brasil. Assim, explicitar as diferentes concepções sobre o direito à saúde de um conselho de saúde que tem se demonstrado atuante no cenário nacional pode dar indícios sobre as formas de atuação possíveis e as estratégias desenvolvidas nestas instituições para a garantia deste direito.The objective of this paper is to discuss the development of the right to healthcare in Brazil. It begins with the process of creating social rights, going from the rise of these rights in the Brazilian Constitution until reaching the current understandings of certain social groups concerning the right to healthcare. The analysis is based on research conducted in Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, in regards to the joint action between health councils and the Public Ministry. It can be observed that the right to healthcare has been associated with the idea of access to healthcare services. This, however, has been shown to be a limiting aspect in the fight for the security and expansion of this right. For this reason, certain groups of society

  7. NÍVEIS DE FÓSFORO E CALAGEM PARA AMENDOIN E FEIJÃO E EFEITO RESIDUAL NO ARROZ EM SOLOS DE CERRADO DE GOIÁS PHOSPHORUS AND LIME LEVELS FOR PEANUTS AND COMMON BEANS AND THE RESIDUAL EFFECT IN RICE IN CERRADO SOILS OF THE GOIÁS STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Augusto da Eira

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    No presente trabalho são apresentados os resultados de experimentos de campo, sobre níveis de fósforo e calagem com o feijão após crotalária, e sobre efeito residual da adubação na cultura do arroz, em cinco localidades do Estado de Goiás. Houve efeito linear do fósforo em dois experimentos com amendoim e em um com feijão. Nos experimentos de efeito residual com arroz houve efeito linear do fósforo em dois e efeito linear do calcário e da interação fósforo calcário em um. Apesar da estiagem prolongada, foram alcançadas produções razoáveis (amendoim 1,5 vezes; feijão 1,9 vezes e arroz 2,3 vezes as produções médias do Brasil em 1969, respectivamente. Calcularam-se o lucro e a relação entre o valor do aumento da produção e o custo dos tratamentos (adubo e corretivo havendo compensação em três das cinco localidades.

    In this study, the results of the field experiments of phosphorus and lime levels on peanuts (Arachis hypogea L. and dry beans (Phasealus vulgaris L. after crotalaria juncea and of the subsequent rice crop, at five locations in the State of Goiás, are presented. There was a linear effect of phosphorus in two experiments on peanuts and in one experiment on dry beans. In the experiments testing residual effect on rice, there was a linear effect of phosphorus in two experiments and a linear effect of lime and interaction of phosphorus and lime in a third. Even though there was a severe drought, reasonable yields were reached. The results showed peanuts at 1.5, dry beans at 1.9, and rice at 2.3 times the average yields for Brazil in 1969. The profits were determined along with the relationship between the increase in value of the crop and the cost of producing the increase. It was determined that the cost of the treatments (Fertilizer and lime, which produced this increase

  8. The e^+e^- -> 3(\\pi^+\\pi^-), 2(\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0) and K^+K^-2(\\pi^+\\pi^-) Cross Sections at Center-of-Mass Energies 0.5--4.5 GeV Measured with Initial-State Radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.

    2006-02-08

    We study the processes e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} 3({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}){gamma}, 2({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}){gamma} and K{sup +}K{sup -} 2({pi}{sup +} {sup -}){gamma}, with the photon radiated from the initial state. About 20,000, 33,000 and 4,000 fully reconstructed events, respectively, have been selected from 232 fb{sup -1} of BABAR data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy, so that these data can be compared with the corresponding direct e{sup +}e{sup -} measurements. From the 3({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}), 2({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}) and K{sup +}K{sup -} 2({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) mass spectra, the cross sections for the processes e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} 3({pi}{sup +}{sup -}), e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} 2({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}) and e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} 2({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) are measured for center-of-mass energies from production threshold to 4.5 GeV. The uncertainty in the cross section measurement is typically 6-15%. We observe the J/{psi} in all these final states and measure the corresponding branching fractions.

  9. The e^+e^- -> 3(\\pi^+\\pi^-), 2(\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0) and K^+K^-2(\\pi^+\\pi^-) Cross Sections at Center-of-Mass Energies 0.5--4.5 GeV Measured with Initial-State Radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.

    2006-02-08

    We study the processes e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} 3({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}){gamma}, 2({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}){gamma} and K{sup +}K{sup -} 2({pi}{sup +} {sup -}){gamma}, with the photon radiated from the initial state. About 20,000, 33,000 and 4,000 fully reconstructed events, respectively, have been selected from 232 fb{sup -1} of BABAR data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy, so that these data can be compared with the corresponding direct e{sup +}e{sup -} measurements. From the 3({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}), 2({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}) and K{sup +}K{sup -} 2({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) mass spectra, the cross sections for the processes e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} 3({pi}{sup +}{sup -}), e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} 2({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}) and e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} 2({pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) are measured for center-of-mass energies from production threshold to 4.5 GeV. The uncertainty in the cross section measurement is typically 6-15%. We observe the J/{psi} in all these final states and measure the corresponding branching fractions.

  10. I «cinque giganti» e la genesi del welfare state in Europa tra le due guerre / The Five “Giant Evils" and the Genesis of the Welfare State in Europe between the Two World Wars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Rapini

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The essay reconstructs the genesis of the welfare state during the early forties of the twentieth century. The welfare state is situated inside the European crisis caused by the Wall Street crash of 1929, by the fascisms and by the second world war. The essay focuses on the social policies of Fascism and Nazism, underlining their genetic connection with the war. The democracies decide to oppose the welfare state to warfare state of the fascisms to win not only the war, but, especially, to win the peace.

  11. 1015 cm-3 eV-1 level detection of density of states of a p-type polymer by hν-dependent high-sensitivity ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Tomoya; Kinjo, Hiroumi; Yamazaki, Junki; Ishii, Hisao

    2017-01-01

    We propose a method, called hν-dependent high-sensitivity ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy, to observe the density of states (DOS) in a very wide range from HOMO to extremely weak gap states (1022 to 1015 cm-3 eV-1 in density of states). The method was applied to a p-type semiconducting polymer. A series of spectra for hν = 4.4-7.7 eV were recorded, and the DOS was obtained by overlapping the spectral part with a similar line shape between adjacent photon energy spectra to eliminate the photon energy dependence of the photoionization cross section. This method can be applied to both organic and inorganic materials, providing useful information about the DOS of functional materials.

  12. Crescimento pró-pobre: análise dos estados brasileiros entre 1995 e 2007 Pro-poor growth: an analysis of the Brazilian states between 1995 and 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Silveira Pinto

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o crescimento pró-pobre nas 27 unidades federativas do Brasil entre 1995 e 2007. Inicialmente, examina-se a literatura recente sobre o tema e apresentam-se três indicadores para mensurar a relação entre crescimento, desigualdade e pobreza. Em seguida, calcula-se, através de dados de painel, a elasticidade renda-pobreza para o Brasil e suas 27 UFs. Finalmente, estimam-se curvas de incidência do crescimento (GIC e taxas de crescimento pró-pobre (RPPG para cada estado nos períodos 1995-2007, 1995-2001 e 2001-2007. Os resultados demonstram que a pobreza caiu rapidamente no Brasil desde 2001, mas ainda existe grande discrepância entre estados e regiões. Ademais, demonstra-se a diferença entre extensão e profundidade da pobreza.This article analyzes the pro-poor growth in the 27 Brazilian states between 1995 and 2007. Initially, it examines the recent literature about the subject and presents three indicators to quantify the relationship among growth, inequality and poverty. Following, it calculates, through panel data analysis, the growth elasticity of poverty in Brazil and across its states. Finally, it estimates growth incidence curves (GIC and rates of pro-poor growth (RPPG for three periods: 1995-2007, 1995-2001 and 2001-2007. The results show that poverty has been rapidly diminishing in Brazil since 2001, but there is still a huge discrepancy among some states and regions. Moreover, there comes up a clear difference between the headcount index and the "deepness" of poverty.

  13. Parceria escola-empresa no Estado de São Paulo: mapeamento e caracterização Parternship between school and interprises in São Paulo state: survey and characterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra M. Zákia L. Sousa

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto apresenta mapeamento e caracterização de parcerias entre escolas estaduais do estado de São Paulo e empresas, nos anos de 1996 e 1997. Após uma descrição de iniciativas governamentais de estímulo à parceria, no âmbito estadual, são apresentados depoimentos de diretores de escola e de representantes das empresas parceiras, que possibilitam ilustrar a abrangência, a natureza e as tendências das ações em desenvolvimento. Evidencia-se que ao crescente empenho governamental de incentivo às parcerias, expresso nos últimos anos, não corresponde uma ampliação significativa dessa prática no estado.This paper presents a survey and characterization of partnerships between state schools in São Paulo and enterprises, in 1996 and 1997. After showing Government initiatives to increase this partnership at state level, are presented statements of school principals and representatives of partner enterprises that show the wideness, nature and prospects of actions in development. It is evident that at the same time we see an increasing governmental involvement to develop partnerships, in last years, there is not a correspondent raise of this practice at state level.

  14. Insights from angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy on the metallic states of YbB6(001): E(k) dispersion, temporal changes, and spatial variation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frantzeskakis, E.; de Jong, N.; Zhang, J.X.; Zhang, X.; Li, Z.; Liang, C.L.; Wang, Y.; Varykhalov, A.; Huang, Y.K.; Golden, M.S.

    2014-01-01

    We report high-resolution angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) results on the (001) cleavage surface of YbB6, a rare-earth compound that has been recently predicted to host surface electronic states with topological character. We observe two types of well-resolved metallic states, whose

  15. Tendência da mortalidade por câncer nas capitais e interior do Brasil entre 1980 e 2006 Tendencia de la mortalidad por cáncer en las capitales e interior de Brasil entre 1980 y 2006 Cancer mortality trends in Brazilian state capitals and other municipalities between 1980 and 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulnar Azevedo e Silva

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a tendência corrigida da mortalidade geral por câncer e principais tipos nas capitais e demais municípios do Brasil entre 1980 e 2006. MÉTODOS: Os dados sobre óbitos (n = 2.585.012 decorrentes de câncer entre 1980 e 2006 foram obtidos no Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade, e os demográficos, no Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. As taxas de mortalidade geral por câncer e principais tipos foram corrigidas redistribuindo proporcionalmente 50% das mortes mal definidas e padronizando-as por idade segundo população padrão mundial. As curvas de tendência para o Brasil e grandes regiões foram calculadas para capitais e demais municípios segundo sexo e avaliadas por meio de regressão linear simples. RESULTADOS: Entre os homens, as taxas de mortalidade para os cânceres de pulmão, próstata e colo-retal foram ascendentes; declinantes para o de estômago e estáveis para o de esôfago. Entre as mulheres, houve aumento da mortalidade por câncer de mama, pulmão e colo-retal; e diminuição das taxas para os cânceres de colo do útero e de estômago. A evolução da mortalidade variou entre as regiões do País, com padrões distintos entre as capitais e demais municípios. CONCLUSÕES: A correção das taxas de mortalidade com redistribuição dos óbitos mal definidos aumentou a magnitude da mortalidade geral por câncer no Brasil em cerca de 10% em 1980 e 5% em 2006. Nos municípios do interior não se observou tendência à queda ou estabilidade como nas capitais. Menor alcance das ações de prevenção e a dificuldade de acesso a serviços de diagnóstico e tratamento para câncer para a população residente fora dos grandes centros urbanos podem explicar, em parte, essas diferenças.OBJETIVO: Analizar la tendencia corregida de la mortalidad general por cáncer y principales tipos en las capitales y demás municipios de Brasil entre 1980 a 2006. MÉTODOS: Los datos sobre óbitos (n= 2

  16. Commercial and tariff issues under conditions of competitiveness and private sector participation: access to network. United States; Questoes comerciais e tarifarias sob condicoes de competitividade e de participacao do setor privado: acesso a rede. Estados Unidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tenenbaum, Bernard W. [World Bank, Washington, DC (United States)

    1994-12-31

    This session discusses the electric power industry reformulation in the United States. It approaches subjects such as power sector reform, privatization options, market and competition and regulations. 3 figs.

  17. O crime de desacato e sua correlação com a atitude repressiva estatal / The crime of disacaction and its correlation with the state's repressive attitude

    OpenAIRE

    Brandalise Gonçalves, Ane Elise; UniBrasil; Both, Laura Garbini; UniBrasil

    2017-01-01

    Trabalho enviado em 16 de setembro de 2015. Aceito em 19 de setembro de 2016.DOI: 10.12957/rqi.2017.18614ResumoO presente artigo tem como propósito o estudo do crime de desacato e qual seria sua relação com a atitude repressiva, “policialesca”, existente no Estado, celeuma dos períodos autoritários e ditatoriais vivenciados no Brasil e no seu entorno. Mais além, propugna este trabalho pela inconstitucionalidade do tipo penal do desacato no Brasil e seus fundamentos. O problema da pesquisa con...

  18. Study ofe+e- to Lambda anti-Lambda, Lambda anti-Sigma^0,Sigma^0 anti-Sigma^0 using Initial State Radiation with BaBar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.

    2007-09-14

    We study the e+e- --> Lambda anti-Lambda gamma, Lambda anti-Sigma0 gamma, Sigma0 anti-Sigma0 gamma processes using 230 fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected by the BaBar detector at e+e- center-of-mass energy of 10.58 GeV. From the analysis of the baryon-antibaryon mass spectra the cross sections for e+e- --> Lambda anti-Lambda, Lambda anti-Sigma0, Sigma0 anti-Sigma0 are measured in the dibaryon mass range from threshold up to 3 GeV/c{sup 2}. The ratio of electric and magnetic form factors, |G{sub E}/G{sub M}|, is measured for e+e- --> Lambda anti-Lambda, and limits on the relative phase between Lambda form factors are obtained. We also measure the J/psi --> Lambda anti-Lambda, Sigma0 anti-Sigma0 and psi(2S) --> Lambda anti-Lambda branching fractions.

  19. Itinerários e métodos do aborto ilegal em cinco capitais brasileiras Itineraries and methods of illegal abortion in five Brazilian state capitals

    OpenAIRE

    Debora Diniz; Marcelo Medeiros

    2012-01-01

    O artigo apresenta os resultados da etapa de entrevistas estruturadas da Pesquisa Nacional de Aborto (PNA-entrevistas), descrevendo características das mulheres que fizeram ao menos um aborto ilegal, os itinerários e os métodos. Entrevistas estruturadas feitas em 2010 e 2011 com 122 mulheres entre 18 e 39 anos que abortaram, em cinco capitais brasileiras (Belém, Brasília, Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro e Salvador). Amostra não probabilística controlada por seis cotas,...

  20. El Niño: ocorrência e duração dos veranicos do Estado de Minas Gerais El Niño: occurrence and duration of dry spells in the State of Minas Gerais - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosandro B. Minuzzi

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de caracterizar o início do período chuvoso (IPC, a quantidade de chuvas durante o período chuvoso (PC e a ocorrência e duração dos veranicos em anos de ocorrência da fase quente do fenômeno climático El Niño-Oscilação Sul (ENOS, analisaram-se dados de precipitação pluvial de 123 localidades do Estado de Minas Gerais e as relações entre a duração dos períodos chuvosos (DPC e/ou os IPCs com os veranicos de duração de três a seis dias (A e de sete a dez dias (B, e os IPCs com os totais pluviométricos durante os PCs com os veranicos de classes A e B, respectivamente. Os resultados indicaram uma característica marcante do El Niño em ocasionar chuvas abaixo da média no nordeste do Estado e chuvas acima da média climática no sudoeste de Minas Gerais. As estiagens ao norte e nordeste do Estado corresponderam a períodos superiores a 15 dias e as chuvas acima da média, no sudoeste, foram melhor correlacionadas com os veranicos de duração de três a seis dias.Daily precipitation data from 123 locations of the State of Minas Gerais were analyzed to characterize the beginning of the rainy season (IPC, the amount of rainfall during the rainy season (PC and the occurrence and length of the dry spell in years associated to El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO. The relationship between the duration of rainy season (DPC, begining of the rainy period and the dry spells from three to six days (A; from seven to ten days (B and the IPC with the rainfall during the rainy periods with dry spells (A and (B were also studied. The results showed that ENSO is related to rainfall below historical average in the northeastern region of the State of Minas Gerais, and to rainfalls above the climatic average in the southwestern region. The duration of the dry spells in the northern and northeastern region of the state were higher than 15 days, and the rainfall above normal in the southwestern part of the state were better correlated

  1. Número de gerações de um percevejo e seu parasitoide e da severidade da ferrugem asiática em soja, simulados em cenários de clima e manejo no norte do RS Number of generations of a stink bug and its parasitoid and severity of soybean rust, simulated under climate and crop management scenarios in northern RS State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Vitória Chevarria

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se simular o número de gerações do percevejo Euschistus heros e seu parasitoide Telenomus podisi e da severidade da ferrugem causada por Phakopsora pachyrhizi na cultura da soja em função da data de semeadura, cultivar e momento de ocorrência desses organismos. A simulação foi feita em dois locais representativos de duas importantes regiões produtoras de soja no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Modelos bioclimáticos dos insetos e da doença foram integrados a um modelo de simulação da cultura da soja (DSSAT e rodados para uma série temporal de dados meteorológicos diários para Passo Fundo (52 anos e Santa Rosa (34 anos. Independente do grupo de maturação, quanto mais antecipada foi a data da semeadura e o estádio de ocorrência de E. heros na cultura, maior o número de gerações (de 2 a 3 até a maturação fisiológica da soja. Para T. podisi, um maior número de gerações (5 a 6 foi simulado para semeadura antecipada e cultivares de ciclo tardio. Para a ferrugem asiática não foram observadas tendências de redução nos níveis médios de severidade com o uso de práticas preconizadas, como plantio antecipado e cultivares de grupos mais precoces de maturação.The objective of this study was to simulate the number of generations of a soybean insect pest (Euschistus heros and its parasitoid (Telenomus podisi and a fungal disease (soybean rust caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi as influenced by sowing date, cultivar and time of occurrence of the pest and the disease. Bioclimatic models that predict development of the organisms and severity of the disease were integrated into a crop simulation model of soybean (DSSAT that predicted phenological stages of the crop for scenarios of sowing data and cultivar maturity group in a long time series of daily meteorological data to Passo Fundo and Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The results showed that regardless of the maturity group, the earlier the sowing date and

  2. New mosses records (Bryophyta for Goiás and Tocantins states, Brazil Ocorrências novas de musgos (Bryophyta para os Estados de Goiás e Tocantins, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denilson Fernandes Peralta

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Sixty-five moss taxa are new records for Goiás and Tocantins States. Of these, 44 are new records (40 - Goiás; four - Tocantins and 23 are new sites in each of the states (19 -Goiás; four - Tocantins. Ptychostomum pallescens (Schleich. ex Schwägr. Spence and Philonotis fontana (Hedw. Brid. are new records for Brazil, and are illustrated.Após o estudo da coleção do herbário SP, foram encontradas 65 novas ocorrências de musgos para Goiás e Tocantins. Deste total, 44 táxons são primeiras referências (40 - Goiás e quatro - Tocantins e 23 táxons tiveram a distribuição geográfica ampliada em cada um dos estados (19 - Goiás e quatro - Tocantins. As espécies Ptychostomum pallescens (Schleich. ex Schwägr. Spence e Philonotis fontana (Hedw. Brid. são novas citações para o Brasil e apresentam ilustração.

  3. The agricultural sector in Bahia State: economic outlook and energy intensity; O setor agropecuario no estado da Bahia: perspectivas economicas e intensidade energetica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Claudio Bezerra de [Faculdade Apoio, Lauro de Freitas, BA (Brazil); Bajay, Sergio Valdir [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (NIPE/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico

    2006-07-01

    The main characteristics of the rural economy in the State of Bahia are presented in this paper, together with the evolution of its main components in the last years and the growth perspectives for the next years. A more detailed analysis is carried out for the rural areas in the state which present higher development potential and for their respective crops . The progression of the state of Bahia' shares in the national rural economy's value added and the energy intensity changes of the main energy carriers employed in this sector are also presented in the paper. (author)

  4. The environmental and social impact of electric energy generation in villages and states of the interior of Amazonas state, Brazil; O impacto socio-ambiental da geracao de energia eletrica nas vilas e municipios do interior do estado do Amazonas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teixeira, Andre Frazao; Cavaliero, Carla Kazue Nakao [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica. Dept. de Planejamento de Sistemas Energeticos

    2004-07-01

    The interior of the State of Amazonas is nowadays socio and economically stagnant in consequence of various structural problems. The lack of a reliable source of electricity in these areas is one of these problems, and it has been causing several environment and social problems for the local population. To show, in a historic context, the consequences of this scenario to the country side of the State of Amazonas, is the goal of this article. (author)

  5. NO( X sup 2. Pi. ) product state distributions in molecule--surface collision-induced dissociation: Direct inelastic scattering of n , i -C sub 3 F sub 7 NO from MgO(100) at E sub incident le 7. 0 eV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolodney, E.; Powers, P.S.; Hodgson, L.; Reisler, H.; Wittig, C. (Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0482 (US))

    1991-02-01

    Molecule--surface collision-induced dissociation (CID) has been studied for {ital n}-C{sub 3}F{sub 7}NO and {ital i}-C{sub 3}F{sub 7}NO molecular beams scattered from MgO(100) at incident kinetic energies ({ital E}{sub incident}) up to 7 eV. The NO fragment was detected state selectively using two-photon, two-frequency ionization, and rotational and spin--orbit distributions are reported for several {ital E}{sub incident} values. State and angle-resolved signals were integrated to give CID yields, which increased sharply with {ital E}{sub incident} . In most cases, rotational excitation could be described by separate temperatures for each spin--orbit state. The upper {sup 2}{product}{sub 3/2} state was underpopulated relative to statistical predictions (e.g., for {ital n}-C{sub 3}F{sub 7}NO at {ital E}{sub incident} =5.0 eV, the spin--orbit temperature was {similar to}170 K, while {ital T}{sub rot} was {similar to}500 K). The CID results are compared to NO state distributions derived from the photodissociation of expansion-cooled molecules under collision-free conditions, at different energies ({ital E}{sup {dagger}}) above {ital D}{sub 0}. These distributions were measured for both {ital n}-C{sub 3}F{sub 7}NO and {ital i}-C{sub 3}F{sub 7}NO up to {ital E}{sup {dagger}}{similar to}4500 cm{sup {minus}1}, and rotational excitation within each spin--orbit state was statistical, except at {ital E}{sup {dagger}}{ge}3000 cm{sup {minus}1}. As with CID, a low ({sup 2}{product}{sub 3/2})/({sup 2}{product}{sub 1/2}) ratio was observed, and the reaction mechanism is probably unimolecular decomposition via the lowest triplet surface {ital T}{sub 1} with little or no exit channel barrier. The pronounced similarities between the CID and photodissociation results suggest that common reaction mechanisms {ital may} be operative.

  6. Diatomoflórula Perifítica do rio Descoberto - DF e GO, Brasil, Naviculales (Bacillariophyceae: Diploneidineae e Sellaphorineae Periphytic diatom flora of the Descoberto River - Distrito Federal and Goiás State, Brazil, Naviculales (Bacillariophyceae: Diploneidineae and Sellaphorineae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Mogami Delgado

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available (Diatomoflórula Perifítica do rio Descoberto - DF e GO, Brasil, Naviculales (Bacillariophyceae: Diploneidineae e Sellaphorineae. O presente estudo enfocou as diatomáceas perifíticas pertencentes às subordens Diploneidineae e Sellaphorineae de Naviculales (Bacillariophyceae do rio Descoberto, Distrito Federal, Goiás. As coletas foram realizadas em junho e julho/2003 (período de seca e janeiro e fevereiro/2004 (período de chuva, em cinco estações de amostragem. Foram identificados 16 táxons infragenéricos, uma espécie pertencente à ordem Diploneidineae e as demais à ordem Sellaphorineae. Foram registradas 14 citações pioneiras para o estado de Goiás e 15 citações pioneiras para o Distrito Federal.(Periphytic diatom flora of the Descoberto River - Distrito Federal and Goiás State, Brazil, Naviculales (Bacillariophyceae: Diploneidineae and Sellaphorineae. The taxa of the suborders Diploneidineae and Sellaphorineae, Naviculales (Bacillariophyceae are presented as part of a survey of diatoms in the Distrito Federal (DF, Brazil. Samples were collected at five different points along the Descoberto River, one of the main lotic ecosystems in the Distrito Federal during June-July/2003 (dry season and January-February (rainy season. Sixteen species from both suborders were identified; 14 species were cited for the first time for Goiás state and 15 for the Distrito Federal.

  7. Allergy-related Evidences in Relation to Serum IgE:Data from the China State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, 2008-2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN BaoQing; CHEN DeHui; ZHENG PeiYan; HUANG HuiMin; LUO WenTing; ZENG Guang Qiao; ZHANG XiaoWen

    2014-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate the serum total IgE (tIgE) and specific IgE (sIgE) to common allergens among allergic patients in Guangzhou, China. Methods7 085 patients were examined for tIgE and sIgE to 15 allergens, based on the protocols of reversed enzyme allergosorbent test and the sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results3 758(53.04%) patients tested positive for tIgE, and 4 640(65.49%) for sIgE.Der pteronyssinus,Der farinae, eggs, and cow’s milk were the most common allergens leading to higher positive rates of sIgE responses. Several peaks of sensitization were:Der pteronyssinus,Der farinae, and Blomia tropicalis at age 10-12; cow’s milk at age below 3; eggs at age 4-6. The mean level and positive rate of tIgE tended to increase in subjects sensitized to more allergens. Sensitization toDer pteronyssinus (OR, 1.6;P<0.05),Der farinae (OR, 1.5;P<0.05),Blomia tropicalis (OR, 1.4;P<0.05), Blattella germanica (OR, 1.5;P<0.05), cow’s milk (OR, 1.3;P<0.05), and soy beans (OR, 2.0;P<0.05) were independently correlated with allergy-related conditions in preliminary diagnosis. ConclusionThe major allergens in Guangzhou includeDer pteronyssinus, Der farinae, cow’s milk, and eggs. Sensitization to these allergens appears to be predictors of allergy-related disorder.

  8. Genotype and environment interaction on soybean yield in Mato Grosso State, Brazil Interação de genótipos com ambientes e produtividade da soja no Estado do Mato Grosso, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Francisco Ferraz de Toledo

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to investigate the genotype-environment interaction in Mato Grosso State, MT. The relative importance of locations, years, sowing dates and cultivars and their interactions was analyzed from data collected in regional yield trials performed in a randomized complete block design with four replications, from 1994-1995 through 1999-2000, in nine locations and two sowing dates. Individual and pooled analyses of variance over years and locations were performed. Complementary analyses of variances partitioned MT State in two main and five smaller regions, respectively: North and South of Cuiabá; and MT-South-A (Pedra Preta area, MT-South-B (Rondonópolis and Itiquira, MT-East (Primavera do Leste and Campo Verde, MT-Central (Nova Mutum, Lucas do Rio Verde and Sorriso and MT-Parecis (Campo Novo dos Parecis and Sapezal. Locations are relatively more important than years for yield testing soybeans in the MT State, therefore, investment should be made in increasing locations rather than years to improve experimental precision. Partitioning the MT State into regions has little impact on soybean yield testing results and, consequently, on the efficiency of the soybean breeding program in the State. Breeding genotypes with broad adaptation for the MT State is an efficient strategy for cultivar development.O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar a interação de genótipos com ambientes no Estado do Mato Grosso, MT. Locais, anos, épocas de semeadura, cultivares e respectivas interações foram analisados em relação a dados de produtividade de grãos de ensaios regionais realizados em delineamento de blocos completos casualizados, conduzidos de 1994-1995 a 1999-2000, em nove locais e duas épocas de semeadura. Análises de variâncias individuais e conjuntas de anos e locais foram efetuadas. Análises complementares foram realizadas, dividindo o Estado em duas regiões principais e cinco regiões menores, respectivamente

  9. Photovoltaic plants of PRODEEM, state of Sao Paulo, Brazil and a proposal for regional organization; Instalacoes fotovoltaicas do PRODEEM - Sao Paulo e uma proposta de organizacao regional

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Maria Julita Guerra; Campos, Ubirajara Sampaio de [Secretaria de Estado de Energia de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    1999-07-01

    This paper presents an overview on the Photovoltaic Systems for Water Pumping in Temporary Settlements in the State of Sao Paulo - Brazil project, submitted for approval of the Brazilian PRODEEM (Program for the Energetic Development of States and Municipal Districts). This project aims the electric power viability for rural workers settlement in the Pontal do Parapanema region, providing the water supply for families and cattle.

  10. Impacts of production and use of biodiesel of the Sergipe state, Brazil; Impactos da producao e uso de biodiesel no estado de Sergipe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vital Brazil, Osiris Ashton; Silva, Maria Susana; Souza, Angela Maria de [Sergipe Parque Tecnologico (SergipeTec), Aracaju, SE (Brazil); Vaz, Vitor Hugo Silva [Faculdade Sao Luis de Franca, Aracaju, SE (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The law 11.097/05, establishes that from January 2008 is binding the mixture of 2% biodiesel in diesel (B2) and the same law provides that in 2013 makes it mandatory to blend diesel with 5% biodiesel (B5). This article is motivated by actions that have been developed in the state of Sergipe for the production and use of biodiesel as established by law. The objective of the article is to discuss the impacts of the production and use of biodiesel in Sergipe, specifically seeks to examine the economic impacts in agricultural production and energy matrix state. The discussion of the impacts of biodiesel in the state of Sergipe, is dealt with in this Arctic addresses the demand for oil for the state to become high enough to B2 and B5 in the coming years, the impact of this oil in the energy matrix of the state. This initial discussion projected targets of protection both for agriculture and for the Industrialization of the state. (author)

  11. Interactions between antidepressants and antihypertensive and glucose lowering drugs among patients in the HIPERDIA Program, Coronel Fabriciano, Minas Gerais State, Brazil Interações entre antidepressivos e medicamentos e anti-hipertensivos e hipo-glicemiantes em pacientes do Programa HIPERDIA em Coronel Fabriciano, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Vieira Coelho

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence and to describe the most frequent potential interactions between antidepressants and antihypertensive and glucose lowering drugs in the HIPERDIA Program at two primary care units in Coronel Fabriciano, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Data were collected through the patient registry in the HIPERDIA Program and the local psychoactive drug dispensing system. Interactions were classified as due to pharmacokinetic and/or pharmacodynamic mechanisms. Prevalence of antidepressant use in the HIPERDIA Program was 4.37% (29 of patient 663 records. Of the HIPERDIA patients in treatment with antidepressants, 19 were exposed to 47 interactions, 23.4% of which involving pharmacokinetic, 61.7% pharmacodynamic synergy, and 15.9% simultaneous pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic mechanisms. Complications can arise from drug-drug interactions, a situation that can escape the attention of prescribing health professionals.O objetivo do estudo foi investigar a prevalência e descrever as possíveis interações de medicamentos mais freqüentes entre antidepressivos e anti-hipertensivos/hipoglicemiantes do programa HIPERDIA de duas unidades básicas de saúde do Município de Coronel Fabriciano, Minas Gerais, Brasil. A coleta de dados foi realizada mediante consulta ao caderno de cadastro dos pacientes usuários do programa de HIPERDIA e pela consulta ao sistema de dispensação de psicotrópicos do município. As interações foram classificadas segundo o mecanismo farmacocinético e farmacodinâmico. A prevalência do uso de antidepressivos em pacientes do HIPERDIA foi de 4,37% (29 de 663 cadastros analisados. Dos pacientes do HIPERDIA em tratamento com antidepressivos, 19 estão expostos a 47 interações, 23,4% delas ocorrem por mecanismos farmacocinéticos, 61,7% por mecanismos farmacodinâmicos de sinergismo e 15,9% interagem das duas formas simultaneamente. Complicações podem ser provocadas por intera

  12. A Comparative Account of the Kinetics of Light-Induced E-Z Isomerization of an Anthracene-Based Organogelator in Sol, Gel, Xerogel, and Powder States: Fiber to Crystal Transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mondal, Sanjoy; Chakraborty, Priyadarshi; Das, Sujoy; Bairi, Partha; Nandi, Arun K

    2016-05-31

    The organogel of (E)-N'-(anthracene-10-ylmethylene)-3,4,5-tris(dodecyloxy)benzohydrazide (I) in methyl cyclohexane having a fibrillar network structure exhibits excellent fluorescence, which decreases sharply with time upon photoirradiation at λ = 365 nm. It has been attributed to the transformation of the E isomer of I to the Z isomer, and the kinetics of E-Z isomerization are compared for the sol, gel, xerogel, and powder states. The rate constants at different temperatures are measured from Avrami plots and its increase with an increase in temperature, indicating temperature acts as a promoter for photoirradiated E-Z isomeization along the imine (C═N) bond. In the powder form, the rate constant values are the lowest compared to those of other states for all temperatures and the xerogels exhibit the highest rate of E-Z isomerization. The rate constants of sol and gel states mostly lie between the two. The wide-angle X-ray scattering pattern changes after ultraviolet (UV) irradiation with the generation of new sharp peaks whose intensities increase with an increase in irradiation time. A polarized optical microscopic study indicates formation of small crystalline dots on the fibers in the gels, dendritic morphology on the xerogel fibers, and large needlelike morphology at the surface boundary of the solid. The dried I gel exhibits a melting peak at 96.7 °C, but upon irradiation, two peaks are observed at 98.5 and 152.7 °C; the latter has been attributed to the melting of crystals of Z isomers. Similar higher melting peaks are observed both for the xerogel and for powders after UV irradiation; the powders exhibit the highest meting peak at 159.4 °C. Possible reasons for the variation of rate constant values in the four different states and the difference in morphology and melting points of crystals of Z isomers of I are discussed.

  13. Search for a state at E{sub x} = 2.6 MeV in {sup 20}Na via the {sup 20}Ne(p,n) {sup 20}Na reaction and possible breakout from the hot CNO cycle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, B.D.; Wetmore, B.; Baldwin, A.R. [and others

    1993-10-01

    At the high temperatures and densities present in supernovae explosions, hydrogen burning proceeds through the hot CNO cycle. At temperatures, T > 1 x 10{sup 8}K, this cycle may branch out through the reaction sequence {sup 15}O({alpha},{gamma}) {sup 19}Ne (p,{gamma}){sup 20}Na and begin a sequence of rapid proton captures and beta decays which can process CNO nuclei to form heavier elements and can increase energy production and will alter the elemental abundances of A = 20 to 30 nuclei significantly. The strength of this breakout is very sensitive to resonances in the {sup 19}Ne + p system, i.e., states in {sup 20}Na near the proton threshold of 2.199 MeV. A state was observed in the {sup 20}Ne({sup 3}He,t){sup 20}Na reaction at 2.6 MeV and reported to most likely be a 1{sup +} state. We performed a good resolution ({Delta}E {approx} 250 keV), low-background measurement of the {sup 20}Ne(p,n){sup 20}Na reaction at 135 MeV with the IUCF beam-swinger facility. We see no evidence for a 1{sup +} state in this experiment at 2.6 MeV; in fact, any state at 2.6 MeV is excited only weakly in the (p,n) reaction. Possible limits will be discussed.

  14. States of mutation: re-configurations of modern state, business, and media = Estados de mutação: reconfigurações do estado moderno, empresas e mídia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortiz-Negrón, Laura L.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa as transformações e novas configurações entre estado, empresas e mídia em Porto Alegre. As demarcações tradicionais entre essas três esferas encontram-se em transformação, assim como suas redes sócio-políticas correspondentes, expondo novos cenários públicos e privados. O estado realizou um "enxugamento" mediante "parcerias" com empresas privadas e organizações não-governamentais. Simultaneamente, as empresas assumiram um discurso de "responsabilidade social", participando em projetos conjuntos com agências locais do estado e ONGs. O envolvimento crescente da mídia em temas sociais, em alguns momentos próximo da independência em relação às diretrizes estabelecidas pelo estado, em outros em parceria direta com o estado, é um aspecto importante da sociedade midiática. Argumenta-se que a crescente metamorfose das mídias em parceria com outras iniciativas privadas constitui-se entidades que assumem papéis exercidos anteriormente exclusivamente pelo estado, assim como uma transformação concomitante do estado, resultando aparentemente em uma entidade midiática-governamental. Os novos realinhamentos dessas esferas ensejam redes estruturais que reconfiguram o mundo social e público. Nesse sentido, podemos identificar transformações sociais contemporâneas, exigindo novas conceitualizações e análises, resultando de uma configuração social emergente com formas sócio-políticas e culturais fluídas

  15. Design of Solid State Recorder for Chang'e-2 Orbiter%嫦娥二号卫星大容量存储器设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈斌; 沈卫华; 朱岩; 梁耀明; 陈晓敏

    2011-01-01

    根据嫦娥二号月球卫星分别需在100km圆轨道获取分辨率优于10m的月面立体图像,以及在100km/15km椭圆轨道获取分辨率优于1.5m的立体图像需求,设计了NAND型FLASH存储芯片的固态大容量存储器,其存储容量达128Gbit。设计中采用了并行扩展加流水线操作的方式,提高了存储和擦除速率;引入了"簇"的概念,在存储过程中,数据以簇(64kbit)为基本单位,以4级流水线的方式,顺序加载到各自存储区的物理空间中,最高存储速率可达500Mbit/s,满足存储速率256Mbit/s的设计指标。此存储器可同时存储嫦娥二号卫星全部有效载荷的全部科学探测数据和工程参数,以及卫星月球紫外敏感器的图像数据,并支持存储与回放下行数据同时进行。在空余存储空间不足时,可进行自主擦除操作,为下一圈探测数据储备足够的存储空间,另外,也可通过地面指令进行指定块数和时间范围的擦除操作。在轨测试及长期运行结果表明,大容量存储器设计完全满足任务需求和指标要求,有效保障了嫦娥二号任务工程目标和科学目标的实现,也为探月二期后续任务奠定了技术基础。%Based on the requirements of Chang'e-2 orbiter which would acquire the 3-D image of lunar landscape with better than 10m resolution at 100km circlular orbit and 1.5m resolution at 100km/15km elliptical orbit,the solid state recorder(SSR) is designed,which is made of 128Gbit NAND FLASH memory.The parallel extending and pipeline operation is used to increase writing and erasing speed.The concept of "cluster" is introduced,and in writing process the data are loaded in cluster(64kbit) to the physical memory unit of FLASH according to 4 level pipeline in turn.The highest writing speed can reach 500Mbit/s which satisfies the design performance requirement of 256Mbit/s.All science and housekeeping data of the seven kinds of payload,and the image data of

  16. Estado e educação em Martinho Lutero: a origem do direito à educação State and education in martin luther: reflexions about the origin of education rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Muniz Ribeiro Barbosa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a relação entre Estado e Educação durante o movimento da Reforma Protestante do século XVI, enfatizando as ações de Martinho Lutero. Em um contexto em que a educação era organizada e mantida somente pela Igreja, Lutero propõe alterações tanto no que se refere à organização de um sistema educacional, quanto aos princípios e fundamentos da educação, defendendo que esta seja para todos, de frequência obrigatória e mantida pelo Estado. É sobretudo o caráter estatal atribuido à educação escolar que se pretende destacar, analisando, para isso, a formação do conceito de Estado para Lutero, bem como para sua época, e sua posição estabelecida diante das e com as autoridades seculares, ressaltando as contribuições que apresentou para que a educação constituísse um dever do Estado e um direito de todos os cidadãos.The article aims to analyze the relationship between the State and the Education during the Protestant Reformation in 16th century, focusing actions of Martin Luther. In a context in which education was organized and maintained only by the Church, Luther proposes changes both in regard to the holding of an educational system, and the principles and basement that should conduct this educational system, supporting that it should be every people, mandatory attending and sustained by the State. And it is the State's role that Luther attributes to the educational system is the kernel of this work, through analyzes of the Luther formation of the "State" concept, considering the period when the analysis was taken as well as the approach the authorities had with the underlying subject, highlighting the contributions he brought to make the educational system as a State duty and a right for all the citizens.

  17. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Mean Annual R-factor, 1971-2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the average annual R-factor, rainfall-runoff erosivity measure, compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of selected Major River...

  18. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major Rivers Basins in the Conterminous United States: Total Precipitation, 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the catchment-average total precipitation in millimeters multiplied by 100 for 2002, compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of...

  19. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Average Daily Minimum Temperature, 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the average daily minimum temperature in Celsius multiplied by 100 for 2002, compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of selected...

  20. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: 30-Year Average Annual Precipitation, 1971-2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the 30-year (1971-2000) average annual precipitation in millimeters multiplied by 100 compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of...

  1. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Mean Infiltration-Excess Overland Flow, 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the mean value for infiltration-excess overland flow as estimated by the watershed model TOPMODEL, compiled for every MRB_E2RF1...

  2. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: STATSGO Soil Characteristics

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents estimated soil variables compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of selected Major River Basins (MRBs, Crawford and others, 2006)....

  3. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Basin Characteristics, 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents basin characteristics for the year 2002 compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of selected Major River Basins (MRBs, Crawford and...

  4. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Hydrologic Landscape Regions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the area of Hydrologic Landscape Regions (HLR) compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of the Major River Basins (MRBs, Crawford and...

  5. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Average Saturation Excess-Overland Flow, 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the average value of saturation overland flow, in percent of total streamflow, compiled for every MRB_E2RF1 catchment of selected...

  6. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Level 3 Ecoregions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the estimated area of level 3 ecological landscape regions (ecoregions), as defined by Omernik (1987), compiled for every MRB_E2RF1...

  7. Attributes for MRB_E2RF1 Catchments by Major River Basins in the Conterminous United States: Estimated Mean Annual Natural Groundwater Recharge, 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This tabular data set represents the mean annual natural groundwater recharge, in millimeters, compiled for every MRB_E2RF1catchment of selected Major River Basins...

  8. Progress in information technology and tourism management: 20 years on and 10 years after the Internet—The state of eTourism research

    OpenAIRE

    Buhalis, Dimitrios; Law, Rob

    2008-01-01

    This paper reviews the published articles on eTourism in the past 20 years. Using a wide variety of sources, mainly in the tourism literature, this paper comprehensively reviews and analyzes prior studies in the context of Internet applications to Tourism. The paper also projects future developments in eTourism and demonstrates critical changes that will influence the tourism industry structure. A major contribution of this paper is its overview of the research and development efforts that ha...

  9. Heavy metals in hair of residents in an e-waste recycling area, south China: contents and assessment of bodily state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Jing; Luo, Xiao-Jun; Yuan, Jian-Gang; He, Luo-Yiyi; Zhou, Yi-Hui; Luo, Yong; Chen, She-Jun; Mai, Bi-Xian; Yang, Zhong-Yi

    2011-11-01

    Heavy metals were measured in hair from occupationally and nonoccupationally exposed populations in an e-waste recycling area and from residents from a control rural town. The levels of five heavy metals were in the following order of Zn > Pb, Cu > Cd > Ni, with the highest levels found in the occupationally exposed workers. The levels of Cd, Pb, and Cu were significantly higher in residents from the e-waste recycling area than in the control area. Elevated Cd, Pb, and Cu contents along with significant positive correlations between them in hair from the e-waste recycling area indicated that these metals were likely to have originated from the e-waste recycling activities. The similarity in heavy metal pattern between children and occupationally exposed workers indicated that children are particularly vulnerable to heavy metal pollution caused by e-waste recycling activities. The increased Cu exposure might be a benefit for the insufficient intake of Cu in the studied area. However, the elevated hair Cd and Pb levels implied that the residents in the e-waste area might be at high risk of toxic metal, especially for children and occupationally exposed workers.

  10. Search for sneutrino production in $e\\mu$ final states in 5.3 fb$^{-1}$ of $p\\bar{p}$ collisions at $\\sqrt(s) =1.96$ TeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; /Oklahoma U.; Abolins, Maris A.; /Michigan State U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; /Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd; /Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K.; /Michigan U. /Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O.; /Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /Nijmegen U.

    2010-07-01

    We report the results of a search for R parity violating (RPV) interactions leading to the production of supersymmetric sneutrinos decaying into e{mu} final states using 5.3 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Having observed no evidence for production of e{mu} resonances, we set direct bounds on the RPV couplings {lambda}{prime}{sub 311} and {lambda}{sub 312} as a function of sneutrino mass.

  11. Regiões homogêneas e tamanho de amostra para atributos do clima no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil Homogeneous regions and sample size for attributes of the climate in São Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Newton Martin

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste trabalho foram demarcar regiões homogêneas e estimar o número de anos de avaliações para as variáveis insolação, radiação solar global e radiação fotossinteticamente ativa para o Estado de São Paulo. Utilizaram-se dados da média mensal de insolação, radiação solar e radiação fotossinteticamente ativa de 18 locais do Estado de São Paulo. A homogeneidade das variâncias entre os meses do ano para os 18 locais (variabilidade temporal e a homogeneidade das variâncias entre os locais em cada mês (variabilidade espacial foram testadas pelo teste de homogeneidade de Bartlett. Estimou-se o tamanho de amostra para cada local durante o ano. Como resultados há variabilidade temporal e espacial para as estimativas de insolação, radiação solar e radiação fotossinteticamente ativa para os 18 municípios avaliados. Além disso, a variabilidade do tamanho de amostra para a insolação, radiação solar e radiação fotossinteticamente ativa depende do local e da época do ano no Estado de São Paulo.The purpose of this study was to separate homogeneous regions and to estimate the numbers of years necessary to evaluate the variables: sunshine, global solar radiation and photossintetically active radiation in Sao Paulo State. Monthly data of sunshine, solar radiation and photossintetically active radiation for 18 places in Sao Paulo State were used in the analysis. The homogeneity of the variances among the months for the 18 places (seasonal variability and the homogeneity of variances among places in each month (spatial variability were tested by the test of homogeneity of Bartlett. In addition, the sample size for each place was calculated during the year. The results show the existence of seasonal and spatial variability in the estimates of sunshine, solar radiation and photossintetically active radiation for the 18 cities evaluated in Sao Paulo State. Moreover, the variability of the sample size for sunshine

  12. Governança corporativa em empresas estatais: avanços, propostas e limitações Corporate governance of state-owned enterprises: advances, proposals and limitations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Rubens Fontes Filho

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Apesar do amplo processo de desestatização ocorrido internacionalmente nas décadas de 1980 e 1990, as empresas estatais permanecem desempenhando significativo papel na implementação de políticas públicas e na oferta de bens e serviços à sociedade. Entretanto, sua natureza institucional e estrutura de controle tornam complexas as definições de seus objetivos operacionais, a avaliação de seu desempenho, e a própria gestão executiva das empresas, já que sua atuação está sujeita tanto às necessidades de seu controlador imediato, o governo; quanto aos interesses difusos de seu controlador indireto, a sociedade, além das expectativas de retorno financeiro dos sócios privados nas sociedades de economia mista. No momento que a Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico (OCDE propõe diretrizes para a governança corporativa de empresas estatais, que estabelecem referências para o relacionamento entre Estado, conselheiros, gestores, investidores e outras partes interessadas, este artigo avalia essas diretrizes quanto à adequação das propostas ao contexto das estatais brasileiras e sua possibilidade de implementação.Despite the extensive process of privatization that has been undertaken in many countries during the 80s and 90s, the state-owned enterprises (SOEs remain performing an important role in the implementation of public policies and in the offering of goods and services to the society. Meanwhile, their institutional nature and control structure make it complex to define their operational objectives, to assess their performance and even to manage them, as their work depends on the guidance of their direct controller, the State, but also on the diffuse interests of their indirect controller, the society, plus the expectations of the private investors in public listed SOEs. In this context, this article analyzes the guidelines for the corporate governance of SOEs, proposed by the Organisation for

  13. Staphylococcus enterotoxigênicos em alimentos in natura e processados no estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus in nature and processed foods in state of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelino da Cunha Neto

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available A contaminação de alimentos tem aumentado a cada ano, e atualmente representa um risco potencial para a saúde humana. Staphylococcus spp. foi isolado de alimentos processados e in natura e identificados através dos teste de Gram, catalase, coagulase, DNAase, termonuclease, acetoína (VP e metabolismo de carboidratos (glicose, maltose e manitol. Foram selecionadas cepas com evidente reação de termonuclease, e realizada análise de enterotoxinas estafilocócicas, por teste imunoenzimático (VIDAS - Staph Enterotoxin - bioMerieux. Reação positiva de enterotoxinas estafilocócicas foram produzidas por S. aureus em camarão, queijo de coalho e macarrão e S. intermedius em peixe cozido e pasta de alho. Observou-se SCP (EstafilococosCoagulase Positiva em queijo de coalho. Contaminação por Staphylococcus spp.ocorreu durante os estágios de produção ou na estocagem dos alimentos, produzindo toxinas. Conclui-se que estes alimentos representam risco à saúde humana se não forem observadas práticas adequadas de higiene no seu manuseio e no armazenamento.Food contamination has increased in the recent years and actually represents a serious risk for human health. The occurrence of Staphylococcus spp. in nature and processed foods were identified by Gram test, catalase, coagulase, DNAase, acetoin production (AP and by assays of carbohydrate metabolism (glucose, maltose and mannitol. Strains of Staphylococcus spp were selected by thermonuclease reaction and analysis of staphylococcal enterotoxins, detected by immunoenzymatic assays (VIDAS - Staph Enterotoxin - bio Merieux. Positive reaction for staphylococci enterotoxin was produced by S. aureus in shrimps; farmhouse cheese and macaroni mass; S intermedius in cooked fish and garlic paste. SCP (Staphylococci Coagulase Positive were observed in farmhouse cheese. Contamination by Staphylococcus sppoccurred during food production and storage. We can conclude that practices of hygiene need to be

  14. Diversidade de borboletas (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea e Hesperioidea em fragmentos de Floresta Estacional Decidual em Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Diversity of butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea e Hesperioidea in fragments of decidual seasonal forest in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

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    Mônica B. Dessuy

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Foram realizadas seis saídas a campo bimestrais, entre julho de 2004 e julho de 2005, em três fragmentos de Floresta Estacional Decidual de Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul: Morro do Elefante (E, Morro do Lar Metodista (M e Morro Cerrito (C. Em 135 horas de amostragem, foram registradas 1594 borboletas, distribuídas em 145 espécies. Destas, 59% pertencem a família Nymphalidae, 19% Hesperiidae, 10% Papilionidae, 7% Pieridae e 5% Lycaenidae. Foram registradas nove espécies de borboletas ainda não publicadas para o Estado. M apresentou maior riqueza e abundância de espécies. A menor riqueza foi observada em E e a menor abundância em C. Os índices de diversidade de Shannon-Wiener e de Margalef tiveram a mesma ordenação entre os locais, sendo maiores em M, local mais heterogêneo e perturbado, e menores em E. Os índices de dominância de Simpson e de Berger-Parker, por sua vez, foram mais representativos em E, com o maior número de espécies abundantes, e menos em C. Apenas 30% das espécies foram comuns aos três locais. Cerca da metade do total de espécies registradas foram exclusivas de um dos locais. A maior similaridade (Índices de Morisita e de Jaccard foi observada entre M e E, e a menor entre E e C.Six field trips were carried bimonthly, between July 2004 and July 2005, in three fragments of Decidual Seasonal Forest of Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State: Morro do Elefante (E, Morro do Lar Metodista (M and Morro Cerrito (C. After 135 sampling hours, 1594 butterflies of 145 species were registered. Among these, 59% are Nymphalidae, 19% Hesperiidae, 10% Papilionidae, 7% Pieridae and 5% Lycaenidae. Nine species were new registers for Rio Grande do Sul State. M had the highest richness and abundance of species. The lowest richness was observed in E and the lowest abundance in C. Shannon-Wiener and Margalef diversity indexes had the same ordination among localities, being higher in M, more heterogeneous and disturbed, and lower in

  15. Diversidade de abelhas visitantes das flores de Citrus em pomares de laranjeira e tangerineira Diversity of flowers visiting bees of Citrus in salinas, state of minas gerais

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    Eduardo Tigre do Nascimento

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A presença de abelhas em culturas de valor comercial, no período de florescimento, é importante não apenas para garantir a polinização cruzada, quando indispensável, mas também para incrementar a produção de frutos e sementes. Nessa perspectiva, o presente trabalho teve a finalidade de identificar as abelhas visitantes das flores em pomar de laranjeira (Citrus sinensis e tangerineira (Citrus reticulata em Salinas - MG. O trabalho foi conduzido na fazenda experimental Santa Isabel, da Escola Agrotécnica Federal de Salinas - MG, em pomares de laranjeira com as variedades, pera, baía e baianinha, e de tangerineira, variedade poncã. As coletas das abelhas visitantes das culturas da laranjeira e tangerineira foram feitas nas floradas principais, entre os meses de agosto e outubro. Foram coletadas as abelhas que visitaram as flores nos horários entre 06 h e 18 h, totalizando 52 horas na laranjeira e 50 horas na tangerineira. No pomar de laranjeira, foram coletados 5.045 espécimes com riqueza de 12 espécies, e na tangerineira, 1.428 espécimes com 20 espécies. As espécies de abelhas de maior predominância e dominância em todos os horários amostrados foram Apis mellifera e Trigona spinipes na cultura da laranjeira e A. mellifera, T. spinipes e Tetragonisca angustula na cultura da tangerineira.The presence of bees on cultures with commercial value during flowering is important to ensure the cross-pollination, when necessary, but also to increase the production of fruits and seeds. This work aimed to identify flowers' visiting bees on orange and tangerine orchards in Salinas - MG. The work was leaded on Santa Isabel experimental farm of the Federal Agro-technical School of Salinas - MG, on orange orchards (Citrus sinensis with pear, bahia and baianinha varieties in the spacing of 5,0 x 6,0, and on tangerine orchards (C. reticulate using poncã variety in the spacing of 5,0 x 5,0. The sampling of visiting bees from orange and tangerine

  16. Monte Carlo simulation on teaching of luminescence and excited states decay kinetics; Simulacao Monte Carlo no ensino de luminescencia e cinetica de decaimento de estado excitado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winnischofer, Herbert; Araujo, Marcio Peres de; Dias Junior, Lauro Camargo; Novo, Joao Batista Marques [Universidade Federal do Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    A software based in the Monte Carlo method have been developed aiming the teaching of important cases of mechanisms found in luminescence and in excited states decay kinetics, including: multiple decays, consecutive decays and coupled systems decays. The Monte Carlo Method allows the student to easily simulate and visualize the luminescence mechanisms, focusing on the probabilities of the related steps. The software CINESTEX was written for FreeBASIC compiler; it assumes first-order kinetics and any number of excited states, where the pathways are allowed with probabilities assigned by the user. (author)

  17. Geochronology and structuring of the Ceara State: Borborema Province northwestern part, NE Brazil; Geocronologia e estruturacao do estado do Ceara: NW da provincia Borborema, NE, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fetter, A.; Van Schmus, W.R. [Kansas Univ., Lawrence, KS (United States). Dept. of Geology; Santos, Ticiano J. Saraiva dos [UNESP, Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias e Ciencias Exatas; Arthaud, M.; Nogueira Neto, J. [Ceara Univ., Fortaleza, CE (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia

    1997-12-31

    The work confirms that the geochronological new data U/Pb in zircon and Samarium/Neodymium from the Ceara State furnished a refined chronology of the geological activity in the NW part of the Borborema Province, indicating an evolutive history since 2,78 Ga and 532 Ma. Furthermore, these data facilitated the different crust domain outlines in the region, putting age maximum limits in the pre-brasilianas supracrusts rocks deposition, and evidencing the epoch and duration of the Brasiliano magmatism and metamorphism in the northwest part of the State

  18. Biomassa microbiana e atividade enzimática em solos sob vegetação nativa e sistemas agrícolas anuais e perenes na região de Primavera do Leste (MT Microbial biomass and enzyme activities in soils under native vegetation and under annual and perennial cropping systems at the Primavera do Leste region - Mato Grosso State

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    M. Matsuoka

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Primavera do Leste é um dos pólos de produção de grãos e fibras do Mato Grosso, com lavouras altamente tecnificadas. Este estudo foi realizado num Latossolo Vermelho-Amarelo da região de Primavera, com objetivo de avaliar a biomassa e a atividade microbiana de solos sob vegetação nativa e sistemas agrícolas anuais e perenes. As amostras de solo foram coletadas em duas profundidades (0-5 e 5-20 cm, no início da estação chuvosa, em áreas sob cultivo de videira (Vitis vinifera, entrelinha e linha, cultivos anuais (soja e em uma área de vegetação nativa de Cerradão. Foram avaliados o carbono da biomassa microbiana (CBM, carbono prontamente mineralizável e as atividades das enzimas beta-glucosidase, fosfatase ácida e arilsulfatase. Nas duas profundidades avaliadas, os sistemas de uso do solo com culturas perenes e anuais apresentaram reduções médias de 70 % no CBM, em relação à área sob vegetação nativa. O manejo diferenciado na entrelinha do parreiral e a utilização do capim-pé-de-galinha (Eleusine indica, como cobertura viva, proporcionaram aumentos no C mineralizável e na atividade das enzimas beta-glucosidase e arilsulfatase nas duas profundidades. Os níveis médios de P no solo sob Cerradão resultaram em valores de atividade da fosfatase ácida inferiores aos dos observados em outros locais do Cerrado. Mesmo assim, na profundidade de 0-5 cm, a atividade da fosfatase ácida no Cerradão foi superior à da entrelinha do parreiral (VE e à da área com culturas anuais, demonstrando a sua importância na mineralização do fósforo orgânico em áreas sob vegetação nativa. Os resultados obtidos confirmaram a sensibilidade dos parâmetros microbiológicos e bioquímicos para identificar alterações no solo de acordo com os diferentes sistemas de uso da terra.Primavera do Leste is one of the most important farming areas of Mato Grosso State. This study was carried out in a Red-Yellow Latosol to evaluate the

  19. Experimental infection with different bacterial strains in larvae and juvenile Litopenaeus vannamei reared in Santa Catarina State, Brazil = Infecção experimental em larvas e juvenis de Litopaenaeus vannamei cultivados no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil

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    Celso Carlos Buglione

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the pathogenic characteristics of bacteria isolated from Litopenaeus vannamei during an outbreak at the Laboratory of Marine Shrimp, UFSC, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Their virulence potential in larvae and juvenile shrimp and theeffects on the total haemocyte count, phenoloxidase activity and serum agglutinate titre were examined after experimental infection. Bacterial strains were isolated from larvae and adult shrimps, identified by the AP120E biochemical system as: two strains of Vibrioalginolyticus, three of Aeromonas salmonicida and one of Pasteurella multocida sp. and Pasteurella sp. All the bacterial strains isolated in this study caused mortality in shrimp. One strain of V. alginolyticus was responsible for 97.3 and 88.7% mortality in larvae and juvenil shrimps, respectively. The shrimp immunological system was influenced by experimental infection with V. alginolyticus. Decrease in the total haemocyte count and increase in the phenoloxidase activity and the serum agglutinate titre (p Este estudo avaliou as características patogênicas de cepas de bactérias isoladas de Litopenaeus vannamei durante surto de mortalidade no Laboratório de Camarões Marinhos, UFSC, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Seu potencial de virulência em larvas e juvenis de camarão marinho e os efeitos sobre a contagem total de hemócito, atividade de fenoloxidase e título aglutinante do soro foramavaliados após infecção experimental. As cepas bacterianas foram isoladas de larvas e de camarões adultos e identificadas bioquimicamente pelo sistema API20E como: duas cepas de Vibrio alginolyticus, três de Aeromonas salmonicida e uma de Pasteurella sp. e P. multocida. Todas as cepas isoladas provocaram mortalidade em L. vannamei, e uma de V. alginolyticus resultou em mortalidade de 97,3 e 88,7% para larvas e juvenis de camarões, respectivamente. O sistema imunológico dos camarões juvenis sofreu influência da infecção experimental

  20. The crisis of the contemporary state and the function of the regulation economical activity A crise do estado contemporâneo e o papel da regulação das atividades econômicas

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    Carla Bonomo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The present work aims at to demonstrate the formation of the State through a rationalistic theory, that it is the one of the social contract, considering Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau, the evolution in that way of State to the current model, justifying the crisis that is now then and which the paper of the regulation of the economical activity for the decrease of the effects of the same.O presente trabalho objetiva demonstrar a formação do Estado através de uma teoria racionalista, que é a do contrato social, considerando Hobbes, Locke e Rousseau, a evolução dessa forma de Estado até o modelo atual, justificando então a crise que se encontra atualmente e qual o papel da regulação da atividade econômica para a diminuição dos efeitos da mesma.

  1. Adaptação transcultural para o português dos Questionários de Desejos Intensos por Comida – Estado ou Traço (QDIC-E e QDIC-T dos State and Trait Food-Cravings Questionnaires (FCQ-S and FCQ-T

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    Mariana Dimitrov Ulian

    Full Text Available Resumo Este estudo objetivou apresentar a adaptação transcultural dos Questionários de Desejos Intensos por Comida – Estado ou Traço (QDIC-E e QDIC-T dos State and Trait Food-Cravings Questionnaires (FCQ-S and FCQ-T para o Português. Fez-se a tradução e a retradução dos instrumentos, a avaliação da equivalência conceitual, operacional e de itens por especialistas da área e a avaliação dos instrumentos por uma amostra de universitários, por meio da avaliação do grau de compreensão e análise da consistência interna dos instrumentos pelo coeficiente Alpha de Cronbach. Ademais, fez-se a avaliação da equivalência semântica pelo coeficiente de correlação intraclasse entre os escores obtidos por bilíngues em cada questão das versões em inglês e português. Os instrumentos foram considerados de fácil compreensão (para os especialistas foi de 95,4% e 97%, para o QDIC-T e QDIC-E, respectivamente, e, para os universitários, 81,8% os consideraram de fácil compreensão, e demonstraram valores de consistência interna satisfatórios (QDIC-T: variaram de 0,6 a 0,8; QDIC-E: variaram de 0,5 a 0,8. A partir do processo de adaptação transcultural, os resultados satisfatórios possibilitam a recomendação da versão brasileira dos QDICs.

  2. Estado, Autoridades Tradicionais e Transição Democrática em Moçambique: Questões teóricas, dinâmicas sociais e estratégias políticas State, Traditional Authorities and Democratic Transition in Mozambique: Theorical issues, social dynamics and political strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vítor Alexandre Lourenço

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute o lugar social e o papel político das autoridades tradicionais em contexto de transição política, iniciado em Moçambique no princípio da década de noventa. Para tal efeito, abordaremos as ambíguas estratégias legislativas e políticas do Estado moçambicano (e da FRELIMO, no reconhecimento formal (ou informal das autoridades tradicionais no seio da estrutura político-administrativa estatal.This article discusses the social importance and political role od traditional authorities in the context of political transition, started in Mozambique in the early 90's. To this end, we discuss the ambiguous legislative strategies of the Mozambican state (and FRELIMO, in the formal (or informal recognition of traditional authorities within the state political-administrative structure.

  3. PRODUÇÃO E DESENVOLVIMENTO DA TANGERINEIRA-'MONTENEGRINA' PROPAGADA POR ENXERTIA E ESTAQUIA, NO RIO GRANDE DO SUL MANDARIN CV. 'MONTENEGRINA' PRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT PROPAGATED BY CUTTINGS AND GRAFTING IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL STATE, BRAZIL

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    GILMAR SCHÄFER

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available A tangerineira-'Montenegrina' (Citrus deliciosa Ten., devido às boas características de sabor, conservação e colheita tardia dos frutos, é muito apreciada e cultivada no Rio Grande do Sul. Os pomares comerciais são praticamente formados por mudas enxertadas sobre Poncirus trifoliata (L. Raf. Devido à escassez de informações relativas à combinação desta cultivar com outros porta-enxertos, bem como sua propagação por estaquia, esta pesquisa objetivou estudar o comportamento inicial de plantas enxertadas sobre citrange 'Troyer' (Citrus sinensis (L. Osb. x P. trifoliata, citrumelo 'Swingle' (C. paradisi Macf. x P. trifoliata e P. trifoliata e de plantas propagadas por estaquia. O experimento foi instalado na Estação Experimental Agronômica da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, em junho de 1989, delineado em blocos casualisados, com cinco plantas úteis por parcela e quatro repetições. Os resultados compreenderam as primeiras safras ocorridas de 1993 a 1998. O citrumeleiro 'Swingle' foi o porta-enxerto que melhores resultados apresentou, aumentando a eficiência produtiva da tangerineira-'Montenegrina', cultivada na Depressão Central do Rio Grande do Sul, sendo que o Poncirus trifoliata diminuiu o desenvolvimento vegetativo das copas e induziu baixa eficiência produtiva. A propagação por estaquia não ofereceu vantagens em relação à enxertia sobre citrumeleiro 'Swingle' e citrangeiro 'Troyer'.The mandarin 'Montenegrina' (Citrus deliciosa Ten. yield from plants propagated either by grafting or cutting was evaluated at the 'Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul' experimental agronomic station, southern Brazil, from 1993 to 1998. Three rootstocks were used in the grafted plants. The rootstocks studied were: 'Swingle' citrumelo [Citrus paradisi Macf. x Poncirus trifoliata (L. Raf.] 'Troyer' citrange (Citrus sinensis x P. trifoliata and trifoliate orange (P. trifoliata. The work was done using a randomized

  4. Development and Implementation of an Ultrafast Vacuum-UV (8eV) Light Source for use in UV-VUV Pump Probe Experiments of Neutral Excited State Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yusong; Horton, Spencer; Matsika, Spiridoula; Weinacht, Thomas

    2016-05-01

    Probing neutral excited state dynamics in polyatomic molecules with ultrafast laser systems enables us to study phenomena such as internal conversion, isomerization, intersystem crossing, and dissociation. Using the third harmonic (260 nm) and the fifth harmonic (156 nm) of our laser system we have developed an apparatus to perform pump-probe experiments for the study neutral excited state dynamics in various polyatomic molecules. The fifth harmonic of our laser system is generated through the four-wave-mixing process of k5 ω = 2k3 ω -kω performed with a non-collinear geometry in an argon gas cell. In several polyatomic molecular systems of interest a photon with 8 eV of energy gives us the unique ability to ionize from essentially anywhere along the excited state potential, but does not produce any ionization yield from the ground state. This enables us to measure excited state lifetimes without the photon energy becoming too low to ionize while the nuclear wave-packet is traveling on the excited state potential. We also have the advantage of working in the perturbative weak-field ionization regime. These experiments can also be directly compare to strong-field ionization experiments conducted with a UV-pump and an IR-probe conducted on the same molecules.

  5. Atenção básica e dinâmica urbana nos grandes municípios paulistas, Brasil Primary health care and urban dynamics in large cities in São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Ana Luiza d'Ávila Viana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Os Estudos de Linha de Base do Projeto de Expansão e Consolidação do Saúde da Família construíram indicadores e modelos de atenção básica para os 62 municípios paulistas com mais de 100 mil habitantes, e apontaram uma diversidade de comportamento destes indicadores e modelos em relação às diferentes dinâmicas urbanas do estado. Nesse sentido, houve a necessidade de realizar uma reflexão sobre saúde e uso urbano do território. O principal objetivo desta reflexão foi compreender melhor sobre como a dinâmica urbana tem influência no perfil, na organização e no funcionamento do sistema de saúde. A partir daí, foi possível extrair algumas hipóteses e discussões sobre como a urbanização paulista impõe desafios à expansão e consolidação da atenção básica e do Programa Saúde da Família nos municípios estudados.The Baseline Studies on the Project for Expansion and Consolidation of the Family Health Strategy created primary health care indicators and models for the 62 municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants in São Paulo State, Brazil, and identified varying patterns for these indicators and models in relation to different urban dynamics in the State. The studies showed the need to reflect on health in relation to urban land use. The main objective was to gain a better understanding of how urban dynamics influence the health system's profile, organization, and operation, based on which it was possible to extract some hypotheses and discussions regarding how urbanization in São Paulo State creates challenges for the expansion and consolidation of primary health care and the Family Health Program in these municipalities.

  6. Post-Secondary Education Attainment in Canada and the United States in the 1990s. Technical Paper Series. T-02-2E

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowlby, Jeffrey W.

    2002-01-01

    With the North American Free Trade Agreement and today's knowledge-based economy, there is a premium placed on post-secondary education and the need to retain graduates in Canada. The share of graduates in the Canadian and the United States labour pools are key to competitiveness. This paper examines Canada's performance relative to the U.S. in…

  7. Energy efficiency at Parana state, BR, industrial sector: trends and perspectives; Eficiencia energetica no setor industrial do Parana: tendencias e perspectivas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moraes, Gustavo Inacio de [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ)]. E-mail: gimoraes@esalq.usp.br; Serra, Mauricio Aguiar [Universidade Federal do Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Economia]. E-mail: serra@ufpr.br

    2006-07-01

    From a social and economic scenario up to 2023, the energy intensity trajectory per capita and energy intensity per product are calculated at the Parana state, BR. An economic growing more intense could request less participation of the industrial sector related to service sector; however the necessity of action intensification viewing the energy efficiency of the sector yet will be important.

  8. Energy efficiency at the residential sector of Parana state, Brazil; Eficiencia energetica no setor residencial do Parana, Brasil: tendencias e perspectivas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moraes, Gustavo Inacio de [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ)]. E-mail: gimoraes@esalq.usp.br; Serra, Mauricio Aguiar [Universidade Federal do Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Economia]. E-mail: serra@ufpr.br

    2006-07-01

    This article, from a social-economic scenery ut to the year 2023, traces the energy intensity per capita at the Parana state residential sector, and it was verified that even under modest ratios of economic grow there will be the necessity to intensify the actions of energy efficiency face to the perspective of maintenance the economic development.

  9. An EMT spectrum defines an anoikis-resistant and spheroidogenic intermediate mesenchymal state that is sensitive to e-cadherin restoration by a src-kinase inhibitor, saracatinib (AZD0530)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, R Y-J; Wong, M K; Tan, T Z; Kuay, K T; Ng, A H C; Chung, V Y; Chu, Y-S; Matsumura, N; Lai, H-C; Lee, Y F; Sim, W-J; Chai, C; Pietschmann, E; Mori, S; Low, J J H; Choolani, M; Thiery, J P

    2013-01-01

    The phenotypic transformation of well-differentiated epithelial carcinoma into a mesenchymal-like state provides cancer cells with the ability to disseminate locally and to metastasise. Different degrees of epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) have been found to occur in carcinomas from breast, colon and ovarian carcinoma (OC), among others. Numerous studies have focused on bona fide epithelial and mesenchymal states but rarely on intermediate states. In this study, we describe a model system for appraising the spectrum of EMT using 43 well-characterised OC cell lines. Phenotypic EMT characterisation reveals four subgroups: Epithelial, Intermediate E, Intermediate M and Mesenchymal, which represent different epithelial–mesenchymal compositions along the EMT spectrum. In cell-based EMT-related functional studies, OC cells harbouring an Intermediate M phenotype are characterised by high N-cadherin and ZEB1 expression and low E-cadherin and ERBB3/HER3 expression and are more anoikis-resistant and spheroidogenic. A specific Src-kinase inhibitor, Saracatinib (AZD0530), restores E-cadherin expression in Intermediate M cells in in vitro and in vivo models and abrogates spheroidogenesis. We show how a 33-gene EMT Signature can sub-classify an OC cohort into four EMT States correlating with progression-free survival (PFS). We conclude that the characterisation of intermediate EMT states provides a new approach to better define EMT. The concept of the EMT Spectrum allows the utilisation of EMT genes as predictive markers and the design and application of therapeutic targets for reversing EMT in a selective subgroup of patients. PMID:24201814

  10. Analysis of the level of knowledge and interest in the subject of e-business among students of the Higher State Vocational School in Tarnów

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Pokrzyk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article refers to the commonly used concept of e-business. Describes the following terms: e-commers, B2B and B2C. The main purpose of writing was to show the relevance of business enterprise on the web. To confirm this we used the results of a survey conducted among the students of PWSZ in Tarnów. The survey provided information about the student’s knowledge of internet business. The results of the survey confirmed the validity of the preparation and organization of a conference under the title of “eBusiness Camp” and also we encountered topics on which students would like to expand their knowledge.

  11. English language and literature teaching: a state standards approach = Ensino de inglês e literatura: uma abordagem dos referenciais curriculares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scortegagna, Bruno

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo explora as ideias dos Referenciais Curriculares (Linguagens, Códigos e suas Tecnologias – Língua Estrangeira Moderna, publicados em 2009 pelo Governo do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, cujos pressupostos buscam mesclar o ensino de Inglês e Literatura através de projetos. Nesse sentido, os Referenciais Curriculares do Rio Grande do Sul e a abordagem de ‘tarefas multigênero’, proposta por Sardinha (2010, serviram como suporte para a elaboração de uma tarefa pedagógica para alunos do Ensino Médio da educação regular. A primeira parte do livro As viagens de Gulliver - Viagem a Lilliput, de Jonathan Swift, foi o principal texto literário utilizado para elaborar a tarefa

  12. Encapsulated specialty oils commercialized in São Paulo state, Brazil: evaluation of identity (fatty acid profile and compliance of fatty acids and Vitamin E contents with nutrition labeling Óleos especiais encapsulados comercializados no estado de São Paulo, Brasil: avaliação da identidade (perfil de ácidos graxos e da adequação do conteúdo de ácidos graxos e vitamina E da informação nutricional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Hirashima

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Encapsulated specialty oils commercialized in São Paulo state, Brazil, were evaluated for their identity (fatty acids profile and compliance with nutrition labeling (fatty acids and Vitamin E (alpha tocopherol contents. Twenty one samples [flaxseed oil (6, evening primrose (5, safflower (8, borage (1, and black currant (1] purchased from local markets or collected by the health surveillance agency were analyzed. The fatty acids and vitamin E contents were analyzed by gas chromatography with flame ionization detector and liquid chromatography with UV detector, respectively. Nine samples were adulterated (5 samples of safflower oil, 3 of flaxseed oil, and one of evening primrose. Among them, 3 flaxseed and 2 safflower oil samples were probably adulterated by the addition of soybean oil. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA was found in two safflower oils samples although the sale of oils with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA is not permitted by the National Health Surveillance Agency in Brazil (ANVISA. Only two samples presented all values in compliance with nutrition labeling (one safflower oil sample and one borage oil sample. The results show that a continuous monitoring of encapsulated specialty oils commercialized in Brazil is necessary including a greater number of samples and sanitary surveillance.Óleos especiais em cápsulas, comercializados no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, foram avaliados quanto à identidade, pelo perfil de ácidos graxos, e à conformidade das informações declaradas na rotulagem nutricional (conteúdo de ácidos graxos e vitamina E, alfa tocoferol. Foram analisadas 21 amostras [linhaça (6, prímula (5, cártamo (8, borage (1 e groselhas negras (1], adquiridas no comércio ou colhidas pela vigilância sanitária. Os ácidos graxos e a vitamina E foram analisados por cromatografia gasosa com detector de ionização de chama e cromatografia líquida com detector UV, respectivamente. Nove amostras estavam adulteradas (5 de c

  13. Enumeração e pesquisa de Vibrio spp. e coliformes totais e termotolerantes em sashimis de atum e vegetais comercializados na região metropolitana do Recife, Estado de Pernambuco = Enumeration and research of Vibrio spp. and coliforms in tuna sashimis and vegetables commercialized at Recife, state of Pernambuco, metropolitan area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Gadelha Malta de Moura Filho

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O consumo de pescado tem crescido, seja pela maior consciência dosconsumidores, seja por estratégias de marketing dos governos. Nesse contexto, destaca-se a culinária japonesa, cuja base principal é o pescado. Desta forma, objetivou-se avaliar os sashimis e vegetais comercializados em restaurantes do Recife através do Número MaisProvável (NMP de Vibrio parahaemolyticus e coliformes totais e termotolerantes, pesquisa de Vibrio spp. e Escheric