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Sample records for dupuytrens contracture

  1. Dupuytren contracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmar fascial fibromatosis - Dupuytren; Flexion contracture - Dupuytren; Needle aponeurotomy - Dupuytren; Needle release - Dupuytren; Percutaneous needle fasciotomy - Dupuytren; Fasciotomy- Dupuytren; Enzyme injection - Dupuytren; Collagenase ...

  2. Dupuytren contracture

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    Herbst, M.; Regler, G.

    1985-03-01

    Conventional radiotherapy is the treatment of choice for the early stages of the Dupuytren contracture. The conventional semi-deep therapy is more favorable than the soft ray technique and the moulage technique. 62 patients have been treated at Erlangen; 33 out of them (46 irradiated hands) with a minimum observation time of 18 months have been evaluated. The pathologic process was stopped in 98% of the cases. 85% of the patients showed an improvement of troubles by regression of tubercules and cords, pains and sensation of pressure. A recurrence was observed only in one patient at the edge of the irradiated volume.

  3. Genetics Home Reference: Dupuytren contracture

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    ... Facebook Twitter Home Health Conditions Dupuytren contracture Dupuytren contracture Printable PDF Open All Close All Enable Javascript to view the expand/collapse boxes. Description Dupuytren contracture is a deformity of the hand in which ...

  4. Baron Guillaume Dupuytren: Dupuytren's contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Harold

    2013-05-01

    Dupuytren's contracture of the hand is an extremely common deformity in middle aged and elderly men but it is rarely encountered in women. It usually involves the fifth and fourth fingers, less commonly the other two fingers, and never the thumb. There is a flexion deformity between the head of the metacarpal and the adjacent proximal phalanx and at the proximal interphalangeal joint. However, the distal interphalangeal joint is not affected. Indeed, in a severe case, the distal phalanx may actually be extended as it becomes progressively pressed into the palm of the hand. It is often bilateral and may affect the sole of the foot--although I have only had one old gentleman where his foot lesion troubled him enough for him to request surgical cure.

  5. Dupuytren's Contracture: Fibroblast Contraction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabbiani, Giulio; Majno, Guido

    1972-01-01

    In 6 cases of Dupuytren's disease and 1 of Ledderhose's disease, the nodules of the palmar and plantar aponeurosis were examined by light and electron microscopy. The cells composing these nodules, presumably fibroblasts, showed three significant ultrastructural features: (1) a fibrillar system similar to that of smooth muscle cells; (2) nuclear deformations such as are found in contracted cells, the severest being recognizable by light microscopy (cross-banded nuclei); (3) cell-to-cell and cell-to-stroma attachments. Based on these data and on recent information about the biology of the fibroblasts, it is suggested that these cells are fibroblasts that have modulated into contractile cells (myofibroblasts), and that their contraction plays a role in the pathogenesis of the contracture observed clinically. ImagesFig 10Fig 5Fig 11Fig 6 and 7Fig 8Fig 1Fig 2Fig 9Fig 3Fig 4 PMID:5009249

  6. Dupuytren contracture in the pediatric population: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izadpanah, Ali; Viezel-Mathieu, Alex; Izadpanah, Arash; Luc, Mario

    2015-04-01

    Dupuytren contracture of the palm is a relatively common benign fibroproliferative disease of the palmar fascia typically affecting the adult population. There have however been several reported cases of Dupuytren contracture in children. We sought to review the literature for Dupuytren contracture and highlight the main clinical features and management of the disease in children.

  7. Minimally invasive partial fasciectomy for Dupuytren contractures.

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    Gelman, Scott E; Schlenker, Robert; Jacoby, Sidney M; Shin, Eon K; Culp, Randall W

    2012-12-01

    Treatment options for the Dupuytren contractures vary from percutaneous needle aponeurotomy, open fasciotomy or fasciectomy, dermofasciectomy, and more recently, injectable collagenase. Although utilization of injectable collagenase avoids a formal surgical procedure, not all patients are eligible and some patients do not feel comfortable with an enzyme injection or the associated risks, which may include hematoma, wound dehiscence, or tendon rupture. This study describes the technique and early results of partial fasciectomy through a mini-incision approach as an additional treatment option for Dupuytren contractures. We found that this procedure results in contracture correction with a low rate of complications and thus provides the surgeon with an alternative treatment option to offer patients.

  8. Contemporary management of dupuytren contracture.

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    Rizzo, Marco; Stern, Peter J; Benhaim, Prosper; Hurst, Lawrence C

    2014-01-01

    Dupuytren contracture is a condition that affects the palmar fascia. It most commonly affects men of northern European ancestry and initially presents at middle age. The diseased fascia may form cords that extend into the digits, resulting in limited motion and function. Treatment is aimed at either releasing or removing the diseased cord so that the finger can extend fully. Common interventions include surgery, needle aponeurotomy, and collagenase injection. Surgery remains the gold standard in treatment and most commonly includes a limited fasciectomy. Although often successful, surgery carries inherent risks and may involve a lengthy recovery with extensive therapy. Needle aponeurotomy and collagenase injections are office-based alternatives that aim to weaken the cord and release the contracture. Needle aponeurotomy involves repeated needling along the cord in intervals and collagenase injections to dissolve a portion of the cord. Despite being less invasive, problems such as nerve and/or tendon injury, skin tears, and autoimmune reactions have been reported. Regardless of treatment, recurrence remains a concern.

  9. Readability of online materials for Dupuytren's contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Pauline Joy F; Daar, David A; Badeau, Austin; Leis, Amber

    2017-08-23

    Descriptive. Dupuytren's contracture is a common disorder involving fibrosis of the palmar fascia. As patients are increasingly using online materials to gather health care information, it is imperative to assess the readability and appropriateness of this content. The recommended grade level for patient educational materials is seventh to eighth grade according to the National Institutes of Health. This study aims to assess the readability and content of online patient resources for Dupuytren's contracture. Evaluate readability of online patient education materials for Dupuytren's contracture. The largest public search engine, Google, was queried using the term "Dupuytren's contracture surgery" on February 26, 2016. Location filters were disabled, and sponsored results were excluded to avoid any inadvertent search bias. The 10 most popular Web sites were identified, and all relevant patient-directed information within 1 click from the original site was downloaded and saved as plain text. Readability was analyzed using 6 established analyses (Readable.io, Added Bytes, Ltd, UK). Analysis of 10 Web sites demonstrates an average grade level of at least 11th grade (Flesch-Kincaid grade level, 10.2; Gunning-Fog grade level, 13.1; Coleman-Liau grade level, 14.4; Simple Measure of Gobbledygook grade level, 10.0; automated readability grade level, 9.7; and average grade level, 11.5). Overall Flesch-Kincaid reading ease index was 46.4, which is difficult. No single article was at the recommended reading level. Online materials available for treatment of Dupuytren's contracture are above recommended reading levels and do not include a comprehensive explanation of treatment options, which may negatively impact decision making in patients seeking treatment for this condition. Surgeons and hand therapists alike should be cognizant of available online patient materials and make efforts to develop and provide more appropriate materials. V. Copyright © 2017 Hanley & Belfus

  10. Evidence-based medicine: Dupuytren contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaton, Charles

    2014-05-01

    After studying this article, the participant should be able to: (1) Describe features and clinical importance of Dupuytren diathesis. (2) Explain the difference between the new definition of recurrence used in collagenase studies compared with prior definitions of recurrence. (3) Compare and list the main advantage/main disadvantage of fasciectomy versus minimally invasive treatment (collagenase injection or needle aponeurotomy) of Dupuytren contracture. The large body of existing literature on Dupuytren disease is spread across many journals in many specialties. It is thus a daunting task for practitioners to follow trends and practice recommendations. It is also a testimony to the lack of an acceptable solution to this common problem. Recent publications provide evidence to highlight controversies and challenge some traditional teachings. Literature from 2010 to 2012 was reviewed with the intent of clarifying some of these issues.

  11. Complications Following Collagenase Treatment for Dupuytren Contracture.

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    Wozniczka, Jennifer; Canepa, Clifford; Mirarchi, Adam; Solomon, Joel S

    2017-09-01

    Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection and manipulation is a relatively new method for treating Dupuytren contracture that is growing in popularity. Although side effects such as swelling and ecchymosis are common, they are typically mild and self-limited. Major complications are rare but have included flexor tendon rupture and complex regional pain syndrome. This study describes a case report of 2 patients seen at our institution. Here, we report 2 patients seen at our institution each with different, yet serious complications after CCH injection and manipulation. One patient had extensive skin loss and chose amputation over reconstruction. The other patient had loss of perfusion and required finger amputation. Although it is unclear how directly the administration of CCH is connected to the observed complications, physicians should recognize the potential for serious rare complications in any treatment of Dupuytren contracture.

  12. [Collagenase Clostridum histolyticum in the management of Dupuytren's contracture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzer, L A; Holzer, G

    2011-10-01

    Dupuytren's contracture is a fibroproliferate disease of the palmar aponeurosis with a formation of nodules and cords. Surgical treatment is the gold standard for Dupuytren's contracture at the moment. A short while ago Collagenase clostridium histolyticum was licensed as a non-surgical method to treat Dupuytren's contracture. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum is injected directly into the Dupuytren's cord and after 24 h the contracture is distended by manual rupturing. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum causes a depletion of collagen, however neurovascular structures are spared. 2 clinical phase III studies showed that contractures could be effectively reduced when using Collagenase clostridium histolyticum. However, there are no long-term results regarding effectiveness and side effects, or comparative studies using surgical methods. This paper presents a review of Collagenase clostridium histolyticum and its role in the management of Dupuytren's contracture. Indication, technical procedure, treatment results and complications are described.

  13. Radiotherapy in Dupuytren's contracture

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    Koehler, A.H. (Bezirkskrankenhaus Cottbus (German Democratic Republic))

    1984-01-01

    In Dupuytren's contracture grade I by Iselin radiotherapy is indicated. With X-ray half-depth therapy and a total dose of 20.0 Gy the disease could be treated successfully in 82 % of the cases in a sense of inhibition of progression, whereas in 18 % radiotherapy failed. Possibly the results can be improved by increase of the radiation dose and/or modified fractionating.

  14. Dupuytren contracture. Radiotherapy of early stages

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    Herbst, M.; Regler, G.

    1985-03-01

    Conventional radiotherapy is the treatment of choice for the early stages of theDupuytren contracture. The conventional semi-deep therapy is more favorable than the soft ray technique and the moulage technique. 62 patients have been treated at Erlangen; 33 out of them (46 irradiated hands) with a minimum observation time of 18 months have been evaluated. The pathologic process was stopped in 98% of the cases. 85% of the patients showed an improvement of troubles by regression of tubercules and cords, pains and sensation of pressure. A recurrence was obseved only in one patient at the edge of the irradiated volume.

  15. The Surgical Release of Dupuytren's Contracture Using Multiple Transverse Incisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyunjic Lee

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Dupuytren's contracture is a condition commonly encountered by hand surgeons, although it is rare in the Asian population. Various surgical procedures for Dupuytren's contracture have been reported, and the outcomes vary according to the treatment modalities. We report the treatment results of segmental fasciectomies with multiple transverse incisions for patients with Dupuytren's contracture. The cases of seven patients who underwent multiple segmental fasciectomies with multiple transverse incisions for Dupuytren's contracture from 2006 to 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. Multiple transverse incisions to the severe contracture sites were performed initially, and additional incisions to the metacarpophalangeal (MCP joints, and the proximal interphalangeal (PIP joints were performed if necessary. Segmental fasciectomies by removing the fibromatous nodules or cords between the incision lines were performed and the wound margins were approximated. The mean range of motion of the involved MCP joints and PIP joints was fully recovered. During the follow-up periods, there was no evidence of recurrence or progression of disease. Multiple transverse incisions for Dupuytren's contracture are technically challenging, and require a high skill level of hand surgeons. However, we achieved excellent correction of contractures with no associated complications. Therefore, segmental fasciectomies with multiple transverse incisions can be a good treatment option for Dupuytren's contracture.

  16. Dupuytren's contracture: A retrospective database analysis to determine hospitalizations in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.A. Overbeek (Jetty); F.J.A. Penning-Van Beest (Fernie); E.M. Heintjes (Edith); R.A. Gerber (Robert); J.C. Cappelleri (Joseph); S.E.R. Hovius (Steven); R.M.C. Herings (Ron)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Dupuytren's contracture is a condition of the palmar fascia involving contractures of the fascia and skin in the hand. Current treatment for Dupuytren's contracture is mainly limited to surgery. In the Netherlands, little is known about the prevalence of Dupuytren's

  17. Dupuytren's contracture: A retrospective database analysis to determine hospitalizations in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.A. Overbeek (Jetty); F.J.A. Penning-Van Beest (Fernie); E.M. Heintjes (Edith); R.A. Gerber (Robert); J.C. Cappelleri (Joseph); S.E.R. Hovius (Steven); R.M.C. Herings (Ron)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Dupuytren's contracture is a condition of the palmar fascia involving contractures of the fascia and skin in the hand. Current treatment for Dupuytren's contracture is mainly limited to surgery. In the Netherlands, little is known about the prevalence of Dupuytren's contractu

  18. Modified McCash Technique for Management of Dupuytren Contracture.

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    Lesiak, Alex C; Jarrett, Nicole J; Imbriglia, Joseph E

    2017-05-01

    Despite recent advancements in the nonsurgical treatment for Dupuytren contracture, a number of patients remain poor nonsurgical candidates or elect for surgical management. The traditional McCash technique releases contractures while leaving open palmar wounds. Although successful in alleviating contractures, these wounds are traditionally large, transverse incisions across the palm. A modification of this technique has been performed that permits the surgeon to utilize smaller wounds while eliminating debilitating contractures. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Multiple collagenase injections are safe for treatment of Dupuytren's contractures.

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    Gajendran, Varun K; Hentz, Vincent; Kenney, Deborah; Curtin, Catherine M

    2014-07-01

    The authors report the case of a 65-year-old, right-hand-dominant man who had severe Dupuytren's disease with multiple cords and flexion contractures of the metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints of both hands and underwent repeated collagenase injections for treatment. Collagenase has been shown to be safe and effective in the treatment of Dupuytren's contractures when administered as a single dose, but the results of multiple injections over a prolonged period are unknown. Antibodies to collagenase develop in all patients after several treatments, raising concerns about safety and efficacy as a result of sensitization from repeated exposures. The antibodies generated as a result of repeated exposure to collagenase could theoretically render it less effective with time and could also lead to immune reactions as severe as anaphylaxis. The authors present the case of a single patient who experienced continued correction of his contractures with only minor and self-limited adverse reactions after administration of 12 collagenase doses through 15 injections during a 4-year period. Over time, the injections continued to be effective at correcting metacarpophalangeal joint contractures, but less effective at correcting proximal interphalangeal joint contractures. The patient did eventually require a fasciectomy, but the safety and modest success of the repeated collagenase injections shows promise for a less invasive treatment with a better risk profile than open fasciectomy. Although further studies are needed, repeated administration of collagenase appears to be safe and modestly effective for severe Dupuytren's contractures, although a fasciectomy may ultimately be required in the most severe cases.

  20. [Plantar fibromatosis and Dupuytren's contracture in an adolescent].

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    Nikolić, Jelena; Janjić, Zlata; Momcilović, Dragan; Ninković, Srdjan; Harhai, Vladimir

    2011-10-01

    Fibromatosis represents a wide group of benign, locally proliferative disorders of fibroblasts. Dupuytren's disease is a benign proliferative disease of palmar aponeurosis which usually affects adults between 40 and 60 years of age. Ledderhose's disease or plantar fibromatosis is plantar equivalent of Dupuyten's disease most often affecting middle-aged and older men, usually bilateral, represented with painless nodule in the medial division of plantar fascia. We presented a 19-year old adolescent that turned to a plastic surgeon complaining to his small finger contracture. He noticed palmar thickening with nodule over the metacarpophalangeal joint of small finger of his right hand when he was 16 years old. A year later a finger started to band. During physical checkup we noticed plantar nodule that also had his father and grandmother. Magnetic resonance and tumor biopsy confirmed a suspicion on plantar fibromatosis - Ledderhose's disease. Clinical exam of the hand clearly led to a conclusion that the patient had Dupuytren's contracture with pretendinous cord over the small finger flexor tendons and lack of extension of proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint. On the extensor side of the PIP joints there were Garrod's nodes. The patient refused surgical treatment of plantar tumor, but agreed to surgical correction of finger contracture. Despite the fact that Dupuytren's disease and plantar fibromatosis are diseases of adults, the possibility of conjoint appearance of these forms of fibromatosis in adolescent period of life should be kept in mind especially in patients with strong genetic predisposition.

  1. Dupuytren Contracture in a Patient with Congenital Camptodactyly and Incidental Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Mahendran

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Dupuytren contracture is commonly seen in northern European populations but not in Asians. Even more rare is a presentation of flexion deformity of fingers involving two different pathologies with incidental carpal tunnel syndrome in the same patient. We report herein a case of Dupuytren contracture with congenital camptodactyly and unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome.

  2. Management of complications of Dupuytren contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Kevin; Walley, Kempland C; Rozental, Tamara D

    2015-05-01

    This evidence-based article discusses the current management options of Dupuytren disease and strategies to avoid and manage any potential complications. Treatment options include fasciectomy, needle fasciotomy/aponeurotomy, and collagenase injection. Complications include digital nerve and artery injury, flexor tendon injury, skin fissures and wound healing complications, hematoma, infection, flare reaction/complex regional pain syndrome, and recurrence. Complication rates, prevention, and management differ with each treatment modality. A detailed understanding of each of these options allows hand surgeons to select the most appropriate treatment for each patient.

  3. Delayed manipulation after collagenase clostridium histolyticum injection for Dupuytren contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, F Thomas D; Badalamente, Marie A; Hurst, Lawrence C; Merrell, Gregory A; Pahk, Raymond

    2015-09-01

    Collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection for Dupuytren contracture was approved in the USA in 2010. Current FDA guidelines stipulate that finger manipulation occurs the day following injection. To investigate the safety and efficacy of delaying manipulation to 2 or 4 days following CCH injection, we conducted a prospective, randomized trial at two sites. Patients with Dupuytren contracture involving the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint ≥20° caused by a palpable cord participated. All patients received one dose of CCH (0.58 mg/0.25 ml) and were followed for 90 days. The primary end point was the percent of patients maintaining clinical success (reduction of contracture to 0°-5°) at 90 days post-injection. Adverse events and change in Michigan Hand Questionnaire (MHQ) score were recorded as secondary end points. Thirty-seven patients enrolled; 13 were manipulated on day 1, 11 on day 2, and 13 on day 4. At 30 days after injection, the percentage of patients obtaining reduction of contracture to <0°-5° extension was 92, 82, and 85 % in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively, with no significant difference. At 90 days follow-up, the percentage of patients maintaining 0°-5° extension was 91, 82, and 83 % in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively, with no significant difference. Adverse events were comparable to rates in prior studies. There were no serious adverse events. There was no statistical difference in MHQ scores between groups at any time point. Delaying manipulation to day 2 or 4 following CCH injection for MCP joint contractures does not increase adverse events or result in loss of efficacy. Therapeutic, Level II.

  4. Dupuytren's contracture: a retrospective database analysis to determine hospitalizations in the Netherlands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerber Robert A

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dupuytren's contracture is a condition of the palmar fascia involving contractures of the fascia and skin in the hand. Current treatment for Dupuytren's contracture is mainly limited to surgery. In the Netherlands, little is known about the prevalence of Dupuytren's contracture. In this study we determined the prevalence of patients with a hospitalization for Dupuytren's contracture in the Netherlands and characterized their (rehospitalizations. Methods From the PHARMO database, which consists of multiple observational databases linked on a patient level, all patients hospitalized for Dupuytren's contracture between 2004 and 2007 were included in the source population (ICD-9-CM code 728.6. Numbers from this source population were used to provide estimates of hospitalizations for Dupuytren's contracture in the Netherlands. Patients with a medical history in the PHARMO database of at least 12 months before their hospitalization were included in the study cohort and followed until end of data collection, death, or end of study period, whichever occurred first. Type of admission, length of stay, recorded procedures, treating specialty, number of rehospitalizations for Dupuytren's contracture, and time to first rehospitalization were assessed. Results Of 3, 126 patients included in the source population, 3, 040 were included in the study population. The overall prevalence of patients with a hospitalization for Dupuytren's contracture was 0.04%, with the highest prevalence (0.25% among 60-79 year old males. The majority (85% of all hospitalizations were day-case admissions. Of the admitted inpatients (15% the majority (81% had one overnight stay in the hospital. The most common recorded procedure was fasciectomy (87% and 78% of patients was treated by a plastic surgeon. During a median (IQR follow-up of 2.9 (1.8-4.0 years, 523 patients were rehospitalized for Dupuytren's contracture. The median (IQR time to first rehospitalization

  5. Dupuytren contracture: comparative study between partial fasciectomy and percutaneous fasciectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Ribak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To compare the clinical results obtained by using the techniques of open limited fasciectomy (FP and percutaneous needle fasciectomy (FPC in patients with Dupuytren's contracture after one year follow up. Methods: Thirty-three patients and a total of 50 fingers with Dupuytren's contracture were divided non-randomly and evaluated after undergoing procedures with FP or FPC. The results were evaluated based on the Tubiana classification, DASH score (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand, time until return to professional activities, total passive extension deficit (DTEP, the relationship between the extension deficit and DASH, recurrence and complications. Results: Twenty-six fingers were treated with FPC technique and 24 fingers with FP. The DTEP was significantly lower in FP group (10.23º when compared to FPC group (23.46º at 12 months postoperatively (p = 0.038. The remaining items assessed did not show any statistically significant differences. Conclusion: Total passive extension deficit at 12 months is lower in the group of open limited fasciectomy. There are no significant differences between groups FP and FPC over the classification of Tubiana, the DASH score, time until return to professional activities and the incidence of recurrence.

  6. Correction of contracture and recurrence rates of Dupuytren contracture following invasive treatment: the importance of clear definitions.

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    Werker, Paul M N; Pess, Gary M; van Rijssen, Annet L; Denkler, Keith

    2012-10-01

    To call attention to the wide variety of definitions for recurrence that have been employed in studies of different invasive procedures for the treatment of Dupuytren contracture and how this important limitation has contributed to the wide range of reported results. This study reviewed definitions and rates of contracture correction and recurrence in patients undergoing invasive treatment of Dupuytren contracture. A literature search was carried out in January 2011 using the terms "Dupuytren" AND ("fasciectomy" OR "fasciotomy" OR "dermofasciectomy" OR "aponeurotomy" OR "aponeurectomy") and limited to studies in English. The search returned 218 studies, of which 21 had definitions, quantitative results for contracture correction and recurrence, and a sample size of at least 20 patients. Definitions for correction of contracture and recurrence varied greatly among articles and were almost always qualitative. Percentages of patients who achieved correction of contracture (ie, responder rate) when evaluated at various times after completion of surgery ranged from 15% to 96% for fasciectomy/aponeurectomy. Responder rates were not reported for fasciotomy/aponeurotomy. Recurrence rates ranged from 12% to 73% for patients treated with fasciectomy/aponeurectomy and from 33% to 100% for fasciotomy/aponeurotomy. Review of these reports underscored the difficulty involved in comparing correction of contracture and recurrence rates for different surgical interventions because of differences in definition and duration of follow-up. Clearly defined objective definitions for correction of contracture and for recurrence are needed for more meaningful comparisons of results achieved with different surgical interventions. Recurrence after surgical intervention for Dupuytren contracture is common. This study, which evaluated reported rates of recurrence following surgical treatment of Dupuytren contracture, provides clinicians with practical information regarding expected long

  7. The quantitative role of flexor sheath incision in correcting Dupuytren proximal interphalangeal joint contractures.

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    Blazar, P E; Floyd, E W; Earp, B E

    2016-07-01

    Controversy exists regarding intra-operative treatment of residual proximal interphalangeal joint contractures after Dupuytren's fasciectomy. We test the hypothesis that a simple release of the digital flexor sheath can correct residual fixed flexion contracture after subtotal fasciectomy. We prospectively enrolled 19 patients (22 digits) with Dupuytren's contracture of the proximal interphalangeal joint. The average pre-operative extension deficit of the proximal interphalangeal joints was 58° (range 30-90). The flexion contracture of the joint was corrected to an average of 28° after fasciectomy. In most digits (20 of 21), subsequent incision of the flexor sheath further corrected the contracture by an average of 23°, resulting in correction to an average flexion contracture of 4.7° (range 0-40). Our results support that contracture of the tendon sheath is a contributor to Dupuytren's contracture of the joint and that sheath release is a simple, low morbidity addition to correct Dupuytren's contractures of the proximal interphalangeal joint. Additional release of the proximal interphalangeal joint after fasciectomy, after release of the flexor sheath, is not necessary in many patients. IV (Case Series, Therapeutic). © The Author(s) 2015.

  8. Collagenase enzymatic fasciotomy for Dupuytren contracture in patients on chronic immunosuppression.

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    Waters, Michael J; Belsky, Mark R; Blazar, Philip E; Leibman, Matthew I; Ruchelsman, David E

    2015-11-01

    Collagenase enzymatic fasciotomy is an accepted nonsurgical treatment for disabling hand contractures caused by Dupuytren disease. We conducted a study to investigate use of collagenase in an immunosuppressed population. We retrospectively reviewed data from 2 academic hand surgical practices. Eight patients on chronic immunosuppressive therapies were treated with collagenase for digital contractures between 2010 and 2011. Thirteen collagenase enzymatic fasciotomies were performed in these 8 patients. Mean preinjection contracture was 53.0°. At mean follow-up of 6.7 months, mean magnitude of contracture improved to 12.9°. Mean metacarpophalangeal joint contracture improved from 42.0° to 4.2°. Mean proximal interphalangeal joint contracture improved from 65.8° to 21.7°. Three of the enzymatic fasciotomies were complicated by skin tears. There were no infections. As more patients seek nonsurgical treatment for Dupuytren disease, its safety and efficacy in select cohorts of patients should continue to be evaluated prospectively.

  9. Collagenase Treatment in Dupuytren Contractures: A Review of the Current State Versus Future Needs.

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    Degreef, Ilse

    2016-06-01

    Dupuytren disease is highly prevalent and the finger contractures can be very extensile, compromising the patients' hand function. To restore full function, contractures have been addressed by cutting the causative strands for nearly 200 years, ever since Baron Guillaume Dupuytren demonstrated his technique at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Surgery can be minimal (fasciotomy) or quite invasive (fasciectomy and even skin replacement). However, in the last decade translational research has introduced the non-surgical technique of enzymatic fasciotomy with collagenase injections. Now, finger contractures can be released with single injections on monthly intervals, to address one joint contracture at a time. However, in hands affected with Dupuytren contractures to the extent that the patient calls for treatment, most often more than one joint is involved. In surgical treatment options all contracted joints are addressed in a single procedure. Nevertheless, extensile surgery withholds inherent risks of complications and intense rehabilitation. Today, the minimally-invasive method with enzymatic fasciotomy by collagenase injection has demonstrated reliable outcomes with few morbidities and early recovery. However, single-site injection is todays' standard procedure and multiple joints are addressed in several sessions with monthly intervals. This triggers a longer recovery and treatment burden in severely affected hands even though surgery is avoided. Therefore, further treatment modalities of collagenase use are explored. Adjustments in the treatment regimes' flexibility and collagenase injections addressing more than one joint contracture simultaneously will improve the burden of multiple sessions and, therefore, enzymatic fasciotomy may become the preferred method in more extensile Dupuytren contractures. In this independent review, the challenge of Dupuytren disease affecting a single versus multiple joints is presented. The pros and cons of collagenase

  10. Correction of contracture and recurrence rates of Dupuytren contracture following invasive treatment : the importance of clear definitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Werker, Paul M N; Pess, Gary M; van Rijssen, Annet L; Denkler, Keith

    2012-01-01

    PURPOSE: To call attention to the wide variety of definitions for recurrence that have been employed in studies of different invasive procedures for the treatment of Dupuytren contracture and how this important limitation has contributed to the wide range of reported results. METHODS: This study

  11. Cost comparison of open fasciectomy versus percutaneous needle aponeurotomy for treatment of Dupuytren contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera, Fernando Antonio; Benhaim, Prosper; Suliman, Ahmed; Roostaeian, Jason; Azari, Kodi; Mitchell, Scott

    2013-04-01

    Many surgical options exist for the treatment of Dupuytren contracture. Little has been written regarding their financial implications. The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate direct costs of open fasciectomy to percutaneous needle aponeurotomy (NA) for the surgical treatment of Dupuytren contracture. A retrospective review was performed comparing patients treated with open fasciectomy (group 1) to patients treated with percutaneous NA (group 2) for the treatment of Dupuytren disease from 2008 to 2010. Financial and medical records were reviewed. Direct cost of treatment was calculated from hospital billing records, including surgical, anesthesia, and facility fees. Statistical analysis was performed using unpaired t test. Twenty-four patients received open segmental palmar and/or digital fasciectomy (group 1). Average preoperative metacarpophalangeal joint flexion contracture was 30 degrees, and proximal interphalangeal joint flexion contracture was 42 degrees. Group 2 consisted of 24 patients. Average preoperative metacarpophalangeal flexion contracture was 31 degrees, and proximal interphalangeal flexion contracture was 27 degrees. Mean cost for group 1 was $11,240 and mean cost for group 2 was $4657 (P < 0.0001). Immediate postoperative contracture correction was similar between both. Two complications occurred in group 1 (wound dehiscence and nerve injury); no complications in group 2. Percutaneous NA is associated with decreased direct costs in the short-term compared to traditional open fasciectomy with comparable deformity correction.

  12. A new bromelain-based enzyme for the release of Dupuytren's contracture: Dupuytren's enzymatic bromelain-based release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, G; Rinott, M; Wolovelsky, A; Rosenberg, L; Shoham, Y; Rozen, N

    2016-05-01

    Injectable Bromelain Solution (IBS) is a modified investigational derivate of the medical grade bromelain-debriding pharmaceutical agent (NexoBrid) studied and approved for a rapid (four-hour single application), eschar-specific, deep burn debridement. We conducted an ex vivo study to determine the ability of IBS to dissolve-disrupt (enzymatic fasciotomy) Dupuytren's cords. Specially prepared medical grade IBS was injected into fresh Dupuytren's cords excised from patients undergoing surgical fasciectomy. These cords were tested by tension-loading them to failure with the Zwick 1445 (Zwick GmbH & Co. KG, Ulm, Germany) tension testing system. We completed a pilot concept-validation study that proved the efficacy of IBS to induce enzymatic fasciotomy in ten cords compared with control in ten cords. We then completed a dosing study with an additional 71 cords injected with IBS in descending doses from 150 mg/cc to 0.8 mg/cc. The dosing study demonstrated that the minimal effective dose of 0.5 cc of 6.25 mg/cc to 5 mg/cc could achieve cord rupture in more than 80% of cases. These preliminary results indicate that IBS may be effective in enzymatic fasciotomy in Dupuytren's contracture.Cite this article: Dr G. Rubin. A new bromelain-based enzyme for the release of Dupuytren's contracture: Dupuytren's enzymatic bromelain-based release. Bone Joint Res 2016;5:175-177. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.55.BJR-2016-0072. © 2016 Rubin et al.

  13. Radiotherapy in early stage Dupuytren`s contracture; Radiotherapie im fruehen Stadium des Morbus Dupuytren. Indikation, Technik und Langzeitergebnisse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keilholz, L. [Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen (Germany). Strahlentherapeutische Klinik und Poliklinik; Seegenschmiedt, M.H. [Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen (Germany). Strahlentherapeutische Klinik und Poliklinik]|[Alfried-Krupp-Krankenhaus, Essen (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologie, Strahlentherapie und Nuklearmedizin; Born, A.D. [Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen (Germany). Strahlentherapeutische Klinik und Poliklinik; Sauer, R. [Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen (Germany). Strahlentherapeutische Klinik und Poliklinik

    1997-01-01

    Patients and Method: Between 1982 and 1993, 96 patients (142 hands) received orthovoltage radiotherapy, which consisted of 2 radiotherapy courses with daily fractionation of 5 x 3 Gy (total dose: 30 Gy) separated by a 6 weeks interval. The Dupuytren`s contracture was staged according to the classification of Tubiana et al. [38]. The initial evaluation was performed 3 months after completion of radiotherapy, while long-term outcome was analysed at last follow-up between February and April 1994. The mean follow-up was 6{+-}2 (range 1 to 12) years. Fifty-seven patients with a follow-up of {>=}5 (median 7,5; mean 9,5 to 12) years were separately evaluated for long-term outcome, i.e. prevention of disease progression. Acute and late treatment toxicity was assessed using the RTOG/EORTC criteria. Results: According to stage, 130 (92%) cases remained stable at 3 months follow-up, 10 (7%) improved and 2 (1%) progressed. An objective reduction of symptomatic cords and nodules was achieved in 107 (75%) case at 3 months follow-up. Moreover, 87% of the patients reported a subjective relief of symptoms. In long-term follow-up, only 16 of 142 (11%) cases had progressed according to stage. In the group with a minimum follow-up of 5 years (n=57), 44 (77%) patients experienced no progression, while 13 (23%) progressed inside (8 cases) or outside (5 cases) of the radiotherapy field. Many `failures` could have been avoided with appropriate choice of larger safety margins included in the treated portals, however, most failures were successfully managed by a second radiotherapy or hand surgery. (orig./AJ) [Deutsch] Patienten und Methode: Von 1982 bis 1993 wurden 96 Patienten (142 Haende) mit Orthovolt-Radiotherapie bestrahlt. Dazu wurden zwei Kurse zu je 5 x 3 Gy taeglich fraktioniert im Abstand von sechs Wochen verabreicht (insgesamt 30 Gy). Das klinische Stadium der Dupuytrenschen Kontraktur wurde nach Tubiana et al. [38] bestimmt. Die initiale Beurteilung erfolgte drei Monate nach

  14. The influence of Dupuytren's disease fingers contracture degree on surgical treatment outcome

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    Stepić Nenad

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Dupuytren’s disease is a progressive disease of the palmar and digital fascial structures, with functional limitations. There are no clear recommendations about the optimal time of surgical repair, concerning the hand impairment. The aim of our study was to investigate the relation between finger’s contracture degree and success of surgical treatment of the Dupuytren's disease. Methods. This prospective analysis included 60 patients operated on due to Dupuytren’s contracture. According to preoperative contracture degree of proximal interphalangeal (PIP and metacarpophalangeal (MCP joint, patients were divided into three groups: the group 1: 30°. All the patients underwent operation of partial palmar fasciectomy. Postoperative improvement was expressed with contracture reduction INDEX. Results. There were 60 patients with 85 fingers affected. The groups 1, 2 and 3 had 22 (37%, 37 (62% and 26 (43% fingers with MCP contracture and 32 (37.4%, 24 (28.2% and 29 (34.1% fingers with PIP contracture, respectively. Postoperative contractures of MCP joint in these groups were 0, 0.135° and 5°, and of PIP joint 0, 2.08 ° and 16.89°, respectively. After six months all MCP contractures resolved, while PIP joint contracture in the group 3 remained 13.62°. The reduction INDEX was 98.85%, 97.62% and 75.52% in the groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in the INDEX value between the groups (p = 0.0001. Conclusion. The degree of PIP joint contracture is related to the outcome of surgical treatment of Dupuytren’s disease. Optimal results are achieved when contracture degree is between 15° and 30°. Surgical treatment of MCP joint contracture is successful regardless of the preoperative joint contracture degree.

  15. Measurement Properties of the Brief Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire in Patients With Dupuytren Contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wehrli, Martina; Hensler, Stefanie; Schindele, Stephan; Herren, Daniel B; Marks, Miriam

    2016-09-01

    The brief Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (briefMHQ) was developed as a shorter version of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ), but its measurement properties have not been investigated in patients with Dupuytren contracture. The objective of the study was to investigate the reliability, validity, responsiveness, and interpretability of the briefMHQ. Fifty-seven patients diagnosed with Dupuytren contracture completed the briefMHQ as well as the full-length MHQ and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaire at baseline. Two to 14 days after baseline and 1 year after collagenase injection or surgery, patients again filled out the briefMHQ. Reliability was determined using the intraclass correlation coefficient and by calculating internal consistency (Cronbach alpha). Validity was tested by quantifying correlations with the full-length MHQ and QuickDASH. Responsiveness, based on the standardized response mean and the minimally clinically important change, was also determined. The briefMHQ had an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.87, Cronbach alpha of 0.88, and correlations of r = 0.88 and -0.82 with the original MHQ and QuickDASH, respectively. The standardized response mean was 0.9 and the minimally clinically important change was 7 points. Overall, the briefMHQ demonstrates excellent reliability, good validity, and high responsiveness in patients with Dupuytren contracture. The briefMHQ is an accurate and time-saving tool to evaluate patients with Dupuytren contracture and the effect of a corresponding treatment. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Percutaneous Aponeurotomy and Lipofilling (PALF): A Regenerative Approach to Dupuytren Contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hovius, Steven E R; Kan, Hester J; Verhoekx, Jennifer S N; Khouri, Roger K

    2015-07-01

    Dupuytren disease is a progressive fibroproliferative disorder, which leads to flexion contractures of the digits. A minimally invasive technique consisting of an extensive percutaneous aponeurotomy of the cord with a needle combined with lipofilling is presented. The selective cutting of the cords under continuous tension disintegrates the cords while sparing the looser neurovascular bundles. Subsequently, lipoaspirate is injected subcutaneously. The authors' prospective results show a significantly shorter recovery time and less overall complications in this technique when compared with open surgery, while no significant difference was observed in the extent of immediate contracture correction and in the recurrence rate at 1 year follow-up.

  17. Needle aponeurotomy for Dupuytren contracture: Effectiveness of postoperative night extension splinting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, Louisa; Chung, Yin-Yin

    2016-01-01

    Night extension splinting has been used to treat patients with Dupuytren contracture to improve active range of motion (AROM) of the hand. A published case study demonstrated the benefit of splinting following needle aponeurotomy; however, no larger studies have evaluated the impact of postoperative splinting. To compare the impact of night extension splinting on AROM, specifically extension, following needle aponeurotomy for Dupuytren contracture. A retrospective chart review was conducted in which the charts of 53 patients who underwent needle aponeurotomy for Dupuytren contracture between 2009 and 2013 were reviewed. The control group consisted of patients who underwent needle aponeurotomy only, whereas the treatment group was also referred for fabrication of custom night extension splints after surgery. Comparisons in pre- and postoperative AROM measurements for the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints were made between both groups of patients. The degrees of change in AROM for each joint were categorized in terms of levels of change: mild (0° to 29°); moderate (30° to 60°); and significant (≥61°). All patients exhibited increased AROM after surgery for both MCP and PIP joints. Both groups had a greater increase in AROM in the MCP joint. Twelve joints from the control group had moderate changes and two from the treatment group had significant changes. When both groups were compared, the levels of change of AROM between both groups did not vary significantly. Night extension splinting following needle aponeurotomy may not improve AROM of the MCP or PIP joints.

  18. Dupuytren contracture recurrence following treatment with collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CORDLESS study): 3-year data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peimer, Clayton A; Blazar, Philip; Coleman, Stephen; Kaplan, F Thomas D; Smith, Ted; Tursi, James P; Cohen, Brian; Kaufman, Gregory J; Lindau, Tommy

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate long-term efficacy and safety of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) after the third year of a 5-year nontreatment follow-up study, Collagenase Option for Reduction of Dupuytren Long-Term Evaluation of Safety Study. This study enrolled Dupuytren contracture patients from 5 previous clinical studies. Beginning 2 years after their first CCH injection, we re-evaluated patients annually for joint contracture and safety. Recurrence in a previously successfully treated joint (success = 0° to 5° contracture after CCH administration) was defined as 20° or greater worsening in contracture in the presence of a palpable cord or medical/surgical intervention to correct new or worsening contracture. We assessed partially corrected joints (joints reduced 20° or more from baseline contracture but not to 0° to 5°) for nondurable response, also defined as 20° or greater worsening of contracture or medical/surgical intervention. Of 1,080 CCH-treated joints (648 metacarpophalangeal [MCP]; 432 proximal interphalangeal [PIP]; n = 643 patients), 623 (451 MCP, 172 PIP) had achieved 0° to 5° contracture in the original study. Of these joints, 35% (217 of 623) recurred (MCP 27%; PIP 56%). Of these recurrences, an intervention was performed in 7%. Of the 1,080 CCH-treated joints, 301 were partially corrected in the original study. Of these, 50% (150 of 301; MCP: 38% [57 of 152]; PIP: 62% [93 of 149]) had nondurable response. We identified no new long-term or serious adverse events attributed to CCH during follow-up. Anti-clostridial type I collagenase and/or anti-clostridial type II collagenase antibodies were reported for 96% or more of patients who received 2 or more CCH injections and 82% who received 1 injection. The recurrence rate, which is comparable to other standard treatments, and the absence of long-term adverse events 3 years after initial treatment indicate that CCH is an effective and safe treatment for Dupuytren contracture. Most successfully

  19. The Surgical Release of Dupuytren's Contracture Using Multiple Transverse Incisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyunjic Lee

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Dupuytren’s contracture is a condition commonly encountered by hand surgeons, although itis rare in the Asian population. Various surgical procedures for Dupuytren’s contracture havebeen reported, and the outcomes vary according to the treatment modalities. We report thetreatment results of segmental fasciectomies with multiple transverse incisions for patientswith Dupuytren’s contracture. The cases of seven patients who underwent multiple segmentalfasciectomies with multiple transverse incisions for Dupuytren’s contracture from 2006 to 2011were reviewed retrospectively. Multiple transverse incisions to the severe contracture sites wereperformed initially, and additional incisions to the metacarpophalangeal (MCP joints, and theproximal interphalangeal (PIP joints were performed if necessary. Segmental fasciectomiesby removing the fibromatous nodules or cords between the incision lines were performed andthe wound margins were approximated. The mean range of motion of the involved MCP jointsand PIP joints was fully recovered. During the follow-up periods, there was no evidence ofrecurrence or progression of disease. Multiple transverse incisions for Dupuytren’s contractureare technically challenging, and require a high skill level of hand surgeons. However, weachieved excellent correction of contractures with no associated complications. Therefore,segmental fasciectomies with multiple transverse incisions can be a good treatment option forDupuytren’s contracture.

  20. Collagenase Dupuytren Contracture: Achieving Single Treatment Success with a Hand Therapist-Based Protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malafa, Menyoli M; Lehrman, Craig; Criley, Jerry W; Amirlak, Bardia

    2016-02-01

    Surgery remains the gold standard in the treatment of Dupuytren contracture but is technically demanding, carries significant risk of complications, and requires prolonged recovery time. Collagenase injection is an efficacious alternative to surgery; however, contracture release often requires multiple treatments spaced a month apart. We report our experience with a new collagenase treatment protocol aimed to minimize the total treatment time per joint contracture. We performed a single institution retrospective review of patients with Dupuytren contracture treated with collagenase using our protocol from 2011 to 2013. Patients returned 24 hours after collagenase injection for cord manipulation by a certified hand therapist while under digital block. Treatment success was defined as reduction in contracture to 5 degrees or less. Successfully treated joints were evaluated for recurrence (>10 degrees contracture) at 30-day and 6-month follow-up appointments. Serious adverse events, including skin tears, were recorded. Success was achieved in 36 of 47 treated joints (76.6%) after a single injection. There were 2 recurrences in 32 joints at 30-day follow-up (6.2%) and no recurrences in 17 joints available at 6-month follow-up. Skin tears were the only serious adverse event occurring in 18 of 47 cord ruptures (38.3%). All healed secondarily without complication. Our protocol preserves treatment efficacy while maximizing efficiency. Achieving successful cord rupture with a single injection allows earlier return of function, reduced cost of treatment, and increased convenience for the patient. Patients, particularly those with greater contractures, should be counseled regarding the risk of skin tear during cord manipulation.

  1. Technical tips for collagenase injection treatment for Dupuytren contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meals, Roy A; Hentz, Vincent R

    2014-06-01

    We describe technical tips for injecting collagenase into Dupuytren cords based on experience acquired during the prerelease Food and Drug Administration clinical trials and with subsequent clinical practice. These tips include techniques for extracting the reconstituted enzyme efficiently from the vial, injecting the cord(s) with increased safety to the tendons, and anesthetizing the hand before manipulation. The tips are intended to supplement but by no means replace the manufacturer's prescribing information and training video.

  2. A clinical trial of tension and compression orthoses for Dupuytren contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brauns, Annelien; Van Nuffel, Maarten; De Smet, Luc; Degreef, Ilse

    Randomized clinical trial on 2 patient groups with Dupuytren's disease. Despite an unpredictable outcome, surgery remains an important treatment for Dupuytren's disease. Orthotic devices are a controversial noninvasive treatment method to influence the myofibroblasts in the nodules. To detect how much improvement 2 types of orthotic device (tension and compression) as only treatment intervention can provide on a Dupuytren's contracture. Is a compression orthosis better than a tension orthosis? Thirty patients with measurable flexion contractures of the fingers were identified. Both primary and recurrence cases were included. Patients were randomized in 2 groups of 15 patients. One group had a standard tension orthosis (Levame), the other group a newly designed silicon compression orthotic device. Patients were instructed to wear the orthotic devices 20 hours a day during 3 months. Data were collected at first visit and after 3 months of orthotic treatment. Primary outcomes were active extension deficit of each joint and total active extension (TAE) of the digit. Secondary outcome was patient satisfaction. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score of function and esthetics (0-10 points) were recorded at the start and after 3 months. Flexion contracture was reduced at least 5 degrees in all patients. After 3 months, TAE was significantly reduced in both groups (both P Dupuytren's disease in both early proliferative untreated hands and aggressive postsurgery recurrence. Although there is no statistically significant difference, compression orthoses appear to be more effective and are better tolerated. Nevertheless, adjustment of orthotic design and research on long-term results are needed. I (Randomized controlled trial, Therapeutic study). Copyright © 2016 Hanley & Belfus. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Injectable Collagenase Versus Percutaneous Needle Fasciotomy for Dupuytren Contracture in Proximal Interphalangeal Joints: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skov, Simon Toftgaard; Bisgaard, Therkel; Søndergaard, Per; Lange, Jeppe

    2017-05-01

    Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection was introduced commercially as a treatment for Dupuytren contracture following initial phase-3 investigations in 2009 with promising results. However, the efficacy of CCH has not been prospectively investigated in a direct comparison to other active treatments of Dupuytren contracture with more than 1-year follow-up, despite a wide and increasing clinical use. In this prospective, independent, open-label, randomized controlled trial, (Clinicaltrials.gov; NCT 01538017), percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) was directly compared with CCH. Fifty patients with primary isolated proximal interphalangeal joint Dupuytren contractures were enrolled and followed for 2 years. The primary outcome was clinical improvement defined as a reduction in contracture by 50% or more relative to baseline. Secondary outcomes included change in contracture, recurrence, adverse events, complications, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire score. Clinical improvement at 2 years was maintained in 7% of CCH patients (2 of 29) and 29% of PNF patients (6 of 21). Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum led to more, mainly transient, complications, in 93% of patients versus 24% of the patients treated with PNF. No other differences were observed. This study provides evidence that CCH is not superior to PNF in the treatment of isolated proximal interphalangeal joint Dupuytren contracture regarding clinical outcome, and it led to more complications than PNF. Therapeutic I. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Night Orthosis After Surgical Correction of Dupuytren Contractures: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samargandi, Osama A; Alyouha, Sarah; Larouche, Patricia; Corkum, Joseph P; Kemler, Marius A; Tang, David T

    2017-08-31

    To determine the role of night orthosis use after surgical correction of Dupuytren contracture. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, OTSeeker, and CENTRAL for articles published from inception of the databases to August 2015. Assessment was undertaken by 2 independent reviewers (O.A.S. and S.A.). Methodological quality of randomized controlled trials was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and the Newcastle-Ottawa instrument. Seven studies met the standard for inclusion in this review. A total of 659 patients across these 7 studies were included in the analysis, with follow-up ranging from 3 to 72 months. None of the included studies assessed recurrence. The analysis revealed no significant improvement in range of motion of hand joints for patients who received a static night orthosis after Dupuytren surgery compared with patients without an orthosis. Similarly, no differences were found in patient-reported functional status across the 2 groups. The current literature does not appear to support the use of static night orthosis in addition to hand therapy after surgical correction of Dupuytren contracture. Therapeutic IV. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. The Use of Residual Collagenase for Single Digits With Multiple-Joint Dupuytren Contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grandizio, Louis C; Akoon, Anil; Heimbach, Janice; Graham, Jove; Klena, Joel C

    2017-06-01

    Standard 0.58 mg (0.25 mL) collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) preparations result in unused CCH that is often discarded. Our purpose was to assess the results on Dupuytren contractures affecting both the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints in the same digit utilizing an injection containing the maximum CCH volume that can be withdrawn from a single vial. A consecutive series of patients with MCP and PIP cords in the same digit received a single treatment with 2 injections totaling 0.30 mL distributed between the MCP and the PIP cords and underwent manipulation approximately 24 hours later. Reduction in contracture, clinical success, and complications were assessed 30 days after manipulation. Thirty-one patients (34 digits) had a mean preinjection flexion contracture of 50° at the MCP joint and 53° at the PIP joint. Clinical success (reduction in joint contracture to 0°-5° of full extension 30-days postmanipulation) was noted in 65% of MCP cords and 38% of PIP joint cords. We had a 24% incidence of skin tears, which correlated with the degree of preinjection contracture. For Dupuytren contractures involving the MCP and PIP joints in the same digit, distributing the maximum amount of CCH that can be withdrawn from a single vial provides efficacy at both joints that is similar to that reported in previously published series, with a comparable complication rate. Utilizing excess CCH typically discarded may provide cost savings. Therapeutic IV. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. [Fibromatosis plantaris Ledderhose (Dupuytren's contracture of the foot sole].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villiger, K J

    1982-05-01

    Fibromatosis plantaris, also called Ledderhose disease, is presented on the basis of the limited literature available. The possible causes are mentioned. Two cases are reported of patients suffering from fibromatosis palmaris (Dupuytren) on both hands and fibromatosis plantaris (Ledderhose) on both feet simultaneously. It is suggested that more attention be paid to examination of the soles of the feet, especially after a period of immobilization and plaster fixation of the shank. On diagnosis of Ledderhose disease, surgery should be performed before the often irreversible deformation of the toes develops.

  7. The use of skeletal extension torque in reversing Dupuytren contractures of the proximal interphalangeal joint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agee, John M; Goss, Ben C

    2012-07-01

    Dupuytren contracture of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint can be reversed by an extension torque transmitted from an external device, the Digit Widget, by skeletal pins to the middle phalanx. This extension torque, generated by the same elastic bands dentists use to align teeth, gradually restores length to soft tissues palmar to the PIP joint's axis of rotation. Simultaneously, tissues dorsal to the joint's axis will shorten toward normal length as the PIP progressively straightens. Although the contractile nodules and bands of Dupuytren disease may be excised either before or after reversal of the joint's contracture, a 2-staged approach is preferred: (1) reverse the PIP flexion contracture, and (2) excise the diseased tissue from the straightened finger. We believe this 2-staged approach yields better results. In addition, it is technically easier to avoid injury to nerves and arteries while excising the nodules and bands, when one operates through palmar skin of more nearly normal length. Copyright © 2012 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Recurrence of Dupuytren's contracture: A consensus-based definition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J. Kan (Hester); F.W. Verrijp (Frank); S.E.R. Hovius (Steven); C.A. van Nieuwenhoven (Christianne); R.W. Selles (Ruud); P.C. Amadio (Peter ); Degreef, I. (Ilse); Denkler, K. (Keith); J.J. Dias (Joseph); Eaton, C. (Charles); Goldfarb, C.A. (Charles A.); Hentz, V. (Vincent); E Horch, R. (Raymund); Hurst, L. (Lawrence); Jerosch-Herold, C. (Christina); R.K. Khouri (Roger); Lalonde, D. (Donald); Leclercq, C. (Caroline); McGrouther, D.A. (Ducan Angus); J. Nanchahal (Jagdeep); Pelissier, P. (Phillipe); Tonkin, M. (Michael); P.M.N. Werker (Paul); Wilbrand, S. (Stephan); Zyluk, A. (Andrzej)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: One of the major determinants of Dupyutren disease (DD) treatment efficacy is recurrence of the contracture. Unfortunately, lack of agreement in the literature on what constitutes recurrence makes it nearly impossible to compare the multiple treatments alternatives available

  9. Splinting after contracture release for Dupuytren's contracture (SCoRD: protocol of a pragmatic, multi-centre, randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chojnowski Adrian J

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Splinting as part of the overall post-surgical management of patients after release of Dupuytren's contracture has been widely reported, though there is variation in practice and criteria for using it. The evidence on its effectiveness is sparse, of poor quality and contradictory with studies reporting negative and positive effects. Methods/Design A multi-centre, pragmatic, randomized, controlled trial is being conducted to evaluate the effect of static night splinting for six months on hand function, range of movement, patient satisfaction and recurrence at 1 year after fasciectomy or dermofasciectomy. Using a centrally administered computer randomization system consented patients will be allocated to one of two groups: i splint group who will be given a static splint at approximately 10 to 14 days after surgery to be worn for 6 months at night time only as well as hand therapy; ii non-splint group, who will receive hand therapy only. The primary outcome measure is the patient-reported Disabilities of the Arm, Hand and Shoulder Questionnaire (DASH. Secondary outcomes are total active flexion and extension of fingers, patient satisfaction and recurrence of contracture. Outcome measures will be collected prior to surgery, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after surgery. Using the DASH as the primary outcome measure, where a difference of 15 points is considered to be a clinically important difference a total of 51 patients will be needed in each group for a power of 90%. An intention-to-treat analysis will be used. Discussion This pragmatic randomized controlled trial will provide much needed evidence on the clinical effectiveness of post-operative night splinting in patients who have undergone fasciectomy or dermofasciectomy for Dupuytren's contracture of the hand. Trial Registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN 57079614

  10. Prospective randomized controlled trial comparing 1- versus 7-day manipulation following collagenase injection for dupuytren contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickelson, Dayne T; Noland, Shelley S; Watt, Andrew J; Kollitz, Kathleen M; Vedder, Nicholas B; Huang, Jerry I

    2014-10-01

    To compare the efficacy, tolerance, and safety of manual manipulation at day 7 to day 1 following collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection for Dupuytren contracture. Eligible patients were randomized to manipulation at day 1 versus day 7 following CCH injection. Preinjection, premanipulation, postmanipulation, and 30-day follow-up metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint contractures were measured. Pain scores were recorded at each time point. Data were stratified per cohort based on primary joint treated (MCP vs PIP). Means were compared using paired and unpaired t-tests. Forty-three patients with 46 digits were eligible and were randomized to 1-day (22 digits) and 7-day (24 digits) manipulation. For MCP joints, there were no significant differences in flexion contractures between 1- and 7-day cohorts for initial (47° vs 46°), postmanipulation (0° vs 2°), or 30-day follow-up (1° vs 2°) measurements. Premanipulation, the residual contracture was significantly lower in the 7-day group (23° vs 40°). For PIP joints, there were no significant differences between 1- and 7-day cohorts for initial (63° vs 62°), premanipulation (56° vs 52°), postmanipulation (13° vs 15°), or 30-day (14° vs 16°) measurements. There were no significant differences in pain or skin tears between the 2 groups. No flexor tendon ruptures were observed. The effectiveness of CCH in achieving correction of Dupuytren contractures was preserved when manipulation was performed on day 7, with no differences in correction, pain, or skin tears. These data suggest that manipulation can be scheduled at the convenience of the patient and surgeon within the first 7 days after injection. Therapeutic I. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Treatment of Recurrent Dupuytren Contracture in Joints Previously Effectively Treated With Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bear, Brian J; Peimer, Clayton A; Kaplan, F Thomas D; Kaufman, Gregory J; Tursi, James P; Smith, Ted

    2017-05-01

    Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) is approved for the treatment of adults with Dupuytren contracture with a palpable cord. This open-label, phase 4 study evaluated the safety and efficacy of CCH for the retreatment of recurrent contractures in joints that were previously effectively treated with CCH. Patients participating in a long-term follow-up study who had contracture recurrence (increased ≥ 20° with a palpable cord) after successful treatment in the previous study were eligible. Recurrent joint contractures were treated with up to 3 CCH injections (∼ 1 month apart). Patients were followed for 1 year to evaluate safety. Assessments included change in joint contracture, range of motion, and the percentage of joints that achieved contracture of 5° or less at day 30 after the last injection. The efficacy analysis included 51 patients with 1 treated joint per patient (31 metacarpophalangeal, 20 proximal interphalangeal). A total of 35 joints (69%) received 1 injection, 12 (24%) received 2 injections, and 4 (8%) received 3 injections. Fifty-seven percent of joints achieved contracture of 5° or less (29 of 51). Overall, 86% (43 of 50) patients had a 20° or greater increase in range of motion. The adverse event profile was consistent with previous studies. One ligament injury was reported. At a short-term follow-up of 1 year, recurrent contracture in joints previously successfully treated with CCH may be effectively retreated with up to 3 injections of CCH. Therapeutic IV. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Dupuytren-Like Contracture of the Foot: Ledderhose Disease.

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    Akdag, Osman; Yildiran, Gokce; Karamese, Mehtap; Tosun, Zekeriya

    2016-07-01

    Introduction  Plantar fibromatosis is a rare hyperproliferative disease of plantar aponeurosis and is also called Ledderhose disease. Case properties and treatment are discussed in this report. Case Report  A 30-year-old man presented with painful bilateral plantar nodules. He had multiple and bilateral fixed and solid nodules on the plantar and medial side of his feet measuring 1 cm each. Ultrasound was performed and hypoechoic homogeneous nodules were detected. The patient underwent surgery, and the nodes were removed via a plantar incision with 2-cm safety distance. Discussion  Ledderhose disease is a rare, hyperproliferative disorder of the plantar aponeurosis. The nodules are slow growing and found in the medial part of the plantar fascia. The precise etiology remains unknown. The treatment options are conservative management, steroid injections, radiotherapy, and surgery. Conclusion  The main cause of this disease remains uncertain. Related conditions should be evaluated, and a patient who presents with Dupuytren or Peyronie disease should also be investigated for Ledderhose disease.

  13. Intra- and inter-observer agreement on diagnosis of Dupuytren disease, measurements of severity of contracture, and disease extent

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broekstra, Dieuwke C.; Lanting, Rosanne; Werker, Paul M. N.; van den Heuvel, Edwin R.

    Introduction: Dupuytren disease (DD) is a fibrosing disease affecting the palmar aponeurosis, and is mostly treated by surgery based on measurement of severity of flexion contracture of the fingers. Literature concerning the measurement reliability is scarce. This study aimed to determine the intra-

  14. [Razemon's lateral digital rotation flap in severe Dupuytren contracture of the fifth finger].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ould-Slimane, M; Guinet, V; Foulongne, E; Melconian, A; Beccari, R; Milliez, P-Y; Auquit-Auckbur, I

    2013-10-01

    In Dupuytren's disease, correction of severe contracture deformities and excision of dermal lesions are often responsible for palmar skin defects. This study aimed to assess the results of the lateral digital flap described by Razemon. Thirty-seven patients were analysed retrospectively for functional and trophic results. Twelve months of follow-up were at least required. The lack of extension was appreciated through Thomine's coefficient. Subjective patient's opinion was noted about function of fifth finger and hand. The flap trophicity was evaluated through softness, coverage quality and esthetic aspect. In the preoperative period, the average lack of extension was 105°; 89% of the patients were ranked as stages 3 or 4 of Tubiana's classification. At the 12th month, the average Thomine's coefficient was 0.74; 70% of the patients were very satisfied. Two patients exhibited some lack of suppleness and seven a dyschromic scars. The lateral digital rotation flap is a quite simple surgical procedure. It allows satisfactory results corresponding to functional and trophic coverage in severe Dupuytren's contracture involving the fifth finger.

  15. Identification of differentially expressed genes in fibroblasts derived from patients with Dupuytren's Contracture

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    Hu Fen Z

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Dupuytren's contracture (DC is the most common inherited connective tissue disease of humans and is hypothesized to be associated with aberrant wound healing of the palmar fascia. Fibroblasts and myofibroblasts are believed to play an important role in the genesis of DC and the fibroproliferation and contraction that are hallmarks of this disease. This study compares the gene expression profiles of fibroblasts isolated from DC patients and controls in an attempt to identify key genes whose regulation might be significantly altered in fibroblasts found within the palmar fascia of Dupuytren's patients. Total RNA isolated from diseased palmar fascia (DC and normal palmar fascia (obtained during carpal tunnel release; 6 samples per group was subjected to quantitative analyses using two different microarray platforms (GE Code Link™ and Illumina™ to identify and validate differentially expressed genes. The data obtained was analyzed using The Significance Analysis of Microarrays (SAM software through which we identified 69 and 40 differentially regulated gene transcripts using the CodeLink™ and Illumina™ platforms, respectively. The CodeLink™ platform identified 18 upregulated and 51 downregulated genes. Using the Illumina™ platform, 40 genes were identified as downregulated, eleven of which were identified by both platforms. Quantitative RT-PCR confirmed the downregulation of three high-interest candidate genes which are all components of the extracellular matrix: proteoglycan 4 (PRG4, fibulin-1 (FBLN-1 transcript variant D, and type XV collagen alpha 1 chain. Overall, our study has identified a variety of candidate genes that may be involved in the pathophysiology of Dupuytren's contracture and may ultimately serve as attractive molecular targets for alternative therapies.

  16. Steroid injection and needle aponeurotomy for Dupuytren contracture: a randomized, controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillan, Catherine; Binhammer, Paul

    2012-07-01

    To compare flexion deformity at 6 months in patients with Dupuytren contracture who had percutaneous needle aponeurotomy (PNA) combined with a series of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) injections to that of patients who had PNA alone. Forty-seven patients with Dupuytren disease who were candidates for PNA (at least 1 contracture of at least 20°) participated in the study. Patients were randomized either to receive TA injections immediately following and 6 weeks and 3 months after the procedure or to receive no injections. Injections were administered into cords. The number of injections and the amount of TA per injection was determined based on the number of digits involved and the cord size. All subjects returned for 3 follow-up visits after the procedure, and contractures were measured using a goniometer. Change in total active extension deficit (TAED) was analyzed using a repeated measures analysis of variance to assess for differences between groups, time points, and interaction between group and time point. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all variables of interest. Continuous measures were summarized using means and standard deviations. There was no significant difference in TAED between groups before cord aponeurotomy. Correction at 6 months was 87% of preoperative TAED for the TA group versus 64% for the control group. This difference was statistically significant. The amount of TA administered did not correlate with TAED improvement. The study group who received TA in combination with PNA experienced a significantly greater degree of correction of flexion deformity at 6 months than those who had PNA alone. Copyright © 2012 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Preliminary soft-tissue distraction versus checkrein ligament release after fasciectomy in the treatment of dupuytren proximal interphalangeal joint contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craft, Randall O; Smith, Anthony A; Coakley, Brandon; Casey, William J; Rebecca, Alanna M; Duncan, Scott F M

    2011-11-01

    Checkrein ligament release for treatment of proximal interphalangeal joint Dupuytren contractures does not address the shortened arteries or deficient skin. The Digit Widget uses soft-tissue distraction to overcome these issues. This study compares checkrein ligament release after fasciectomy versus preliminary soft-tissue distraction, followed by operative release, for treatment of proximal interphalangeal joint Dupuytren contractures. The authors compared operative and postoperative characteristics of patients treated with either fasciectomy plus checkrein ligament release or Digit Widget distraction between 2001 and 2008. Seventeen patients (20 digits) underwent ligament release (mean contracture, 55.9 degrees); six of these 20 were reoperations. Thirteen patients (17 digits) underwent distraction (mean contracture, 67.6 degrees); 10 of 17 were reoperations. The 20 digits treated with fasciectomy plus ligament release had an average extension improvement of 31.4 degrees (range, -4 to 70 degrees). Digits treated with distraction had an average extension improvement of 53.4 degrees (range, 30 to 75 degrees) (pDupuytren fasciectomy plus checkrein ligament release. Therapeutic, III.

  18. Dupuytren Contracture Recurrence Following Treatment With Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CORDLESS [Collagenase Option for Reduction of Dupuytren Long-Term Evaluation of Safety Study]): 5-Year Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peimer, Clayton A; Blazar, Philip; Coleman, Stephen; Kaplan, F Thomas D; Smith, Ted; Lindau, Tommy

    2015-08-01

    Collagenase Option for Reduction of Dupuytren Long-Term Evaluation of Safety Study was a 5-year noninterventional follow-up study to determine long-term efficacy and safety of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) treatment for Dupuytren contracture. Patients from previous CCH clinical studies were eligible. Enrolled patients were evaluated annually for contracture and safety at 2, 3, 4, and 5 years after their first injection (0.58 mg) of CCH. In successfully treated joints (≤ 5° contracture following CCH treatment), recurrence was defined as 20° or greater worsening (relative to day 30 after the last injection) with a palpable cord or any medical/surgical intervention to correct new/worsening contracture. A post hoc analysis was also conducted using a less stringent threshold (≥ 30° worsening) for comparison with criteria historically used to assess surgical treatment. Of 950 eligible patients, 644 enrolled (1,081 treated joints). At year 5, 47% (291 of 623) of successfully treated joints had recurrence (≥ 20° worsening)-39% (178 of 451) of metacarpophalangeal and 66% (113 of 172) of proximal interphalangeal joints. At year 5, 32% (198 of 623) of successfully treated joints had 30° or greater worsening (metacarpophalangeal 26% [119 of 451] and proximal interphalangeal 46% [79 of 172] joints). Of 105 secondary interventions performed in the successfully treated joints, 47% (49 of 105) received fasciectomy, 30% (32 of 105) received additional CCH, and 23% (24 of 105) received other interventions. One mild adverse event was attributed to CCH treatment (skin atrophy [decreased ring finger circumference from thinning of Dupuytren tissue]). Antibodies to clostridial type I and/or II collagenase were found in 93% of patients, but over the 5 years of follow-up, this did not correspond to any reported clinical adverse events. Five years after successful CCH treatment, the overall recurrence rate of 47% was comparable with published recurrence rates after

  19. Cost-effectiveness in the management of Dupuytren's contracture. A Canadian cost-utility analysis of current and future management strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baltzer, H; Binhammer, P A

    2013-08-01

    In Canada, Dupuytren's contracture is managed with partial fasciectomy or percutaneous needle aponeurotomy (PNA). Injectable collagenase will soon be available. The optimal management of Dupuytren's contracture is controversial and trade-offs exist between the different methods. Using a cost-utility analysis approach, our aim was to identify the most cost-effective form of treatment for managing Dupuytren's contracture it and the threshold at which collagenase is cost-effective. We developed an expected-value decision analysis model for Dupuytren's contracture affecting a single finger, comparing the cost-effectiveness of fasciectomy, aponeurotomy and collagenase from a societal perspective. Cost-effectiveness, one-way sensitivity and variability analyses were performed using standard thresholds for cost effective treatment ($50 000 to $100 000/QALY gained). Percutaneous needle aponeurotomy was the preferred strategy for managing contractures affecting a single finger. The cost-effectiveness of primary aponeurotomy improved when repeated to treat recurrence. Fasciectomy was not cost-effective. Collagenase was cost-effective relative to and preferred over aponeurotomy at $875 and $470 per course of treatment, respectively. In summary, our model supports the trend towards non-surgical interventions for managing Dupuytren's contracture affecting a single finger. Injectable collagenase will only be feasible in our publicly funded healthcare system if it costs significantly less than current United States pricing.

  20. The effect of night extension orthoses following surgical release of Dupuytren contracture: a single-center, randomized, controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collis, Julie; Collocott, Shirley; Hing, Wayne; Kelly, Edel

    2013-07-01

    To clarify the efficacy and detrimental effects of orthoses used to maintain finger extension following surgical release of Dupuytren contracture. We conducted a single-center, randomized, controlled trial to investigate the effect of night extension orthoses on finger range of motion and hand function for 3 months following surgical release of Dupuytren contracture. We also wanted to determine how well finger extension was maintained in the total sample. We randomized 56 patients to receive a night extension orthosis plus hand therapy (n = 26) or hand therapy alone (n = 30). The primary outcome was total active extension of the operated fingers (°). Secondary outcomes were total active flexion of the operated fingers (°), active distal palmar crease (cm), grip strength (kg), and self-reported hand function using the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire (0-100 scale). There were no statistically significant differences between the no-orthosis and orthosis groups for total active extension or for any of the secondary outcomes. Between the first postoperative measure and 3 months after surgery, 62% of little fingers had maintained or improved total active extension. The use of a night extension orthosis in combination with standard hand therapy has no greater effect on maintaining finger extension than hand therapy alone in the 3 months following surgical release of Dupuytren contracture. Our results indicate that the practice of providing every patient with a night extension orthosis following surgical release of Dupuytren contracture may not be justified except for cases in which extension loss occurs after surgery. Our results also challenge clinicians to research ways of maintaining finger extension in a greater number of patients. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Should we consider Dupuytren's contracture as work-related? A review and meta-analysis of an old debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jauffret Pénélope

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In view of the conflicting opinions published, a meta-analysis was undertaken on epidemiological studies in order to assess any association between Dupuytren's contracture and work exposure. Methods Using the key words: "occupational disease", "work" and "Dupuytren contracture" without limitation on language or year of publication, epidemiological studies were selected from four databases (Pub-Med, Embase, Web of science, BDSP after two rounds (valid control group, valid work exposure. A quality assessment list was constructed and used to isolate papers with high quality methodological criteria (scores of 13 or above, HQMC. Relevant associations between manual work, vibration exposure (at work and Dupuytren's contracture were extracted from the articles and a metarisk calculated using the generic variance approach (meta-odds ratios, meta-OR. Results From 1951 to 2007, 14 epidemiological studies (including 2 cohort studies, 3 case-control studies, and 9 cross-sectional studies/population surveys were included. Two different results could be extracted from five studies (based on different types of exposure, leading to 19 results, 12 for manual work (9 studies, and 7 for vibration exposure (5 studies. Six studies met the HQMC, yielding 9 results, 5 for manual work and 4 for vibration exposure. Five studies found a dose-response relationship. The meta-OR for manual work was 2.02[1.57;2.60] (HQMC studies only: 2.01[1.51;2.66], and the meta-OR for vibration exposure was 2.88 [1.36;6.07] (HQMC studies only: 2.14[1.59;2.88]. Conclusion These results support the hypothesis of an association between high levels of work exposure (manual work and vibration exposure and Dupuytren's contracture in certain cases.

  2. Management of Dupuytren contracture with ultrasound-guided lidocaine injection and needle aponeurotomy coupled with osteopathic manipulative treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Steven; Meng, Michael; Schulte, Adam; Trainor, Drew; Montenegro, Roberto; Aufiero, Danielle

    2011-02-01

    Dupuytren contracture is a debilitating disease that characteristically presents as a firm nodularity on the palmar surface of the hand with coalescing cords of soft tissue on the webs and digits. With few nonsurgical modalities providing clinical benefits, open surgical procedures are the standard of care for patients with this condition. However, recent studies have associated surgical intervention with many complications, necessitating further exploration of nonsurgical treatment options. We describe the case of a 64-year-old woman who presented with decreased extension of the fourth and fifth digits on the upper extremities bilaterally; previous conservative treatment regimens had been unsuccessful. After a diagnostic ultrasound, the patient was diagnosed as having Dupuytren contracture and underwent 5 treatments consisting of ultrasound-guided dry-needle aponeurotomy, lidocaine injections, and osteopathic manipulative treatment. During the fifth treatment session, the patient experienced dramatic relief of her symptoms after a palpable release during the manual manipulation portion of her therapeutic regimen. At 2-week follow-up, the patient was symptom-free. Based on this desirable outcome, the authors suggest future research be directed at minimally invasive therapeutic options in the management of Dupuytren contracture.

  3. Radiotherapy in early stage dupuytren's contracture; Die Radiotherapie des Morbus Dupuytren im Fruehstadium. Langzeitresultate nach einer medianen Nachbeobachtungszeit von 10 Jahren

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    Adamietz, B.; Sauer, R. [Erlangen-Nuernberg Univ., Erlangen (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie; Keilholz, L. [Erlangen-Nuernberg Univ., Erlangen (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie; Praxis fuer Strahlentherapie, Klinikum Fuerth (Germany); Gruenert, J. [Abt. fuer Plastische und Handchirurgie der Chirurgischen Universitaetsklinik Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen (Germany)

    2001-11-01

    Purpose: In early stage Dupuytren's contracture radiotherapy was applied to prevent disease progression. Long-term results and late toxicity of this treatment were evaluated in a retrospective analysis. Patients and Methods: Between 1982 and 1994, 99 patients (176 hands) received orthovoltage radiotherapy, which consisted of two courses with 5 x 3 Gy (total dose: 30 Gy, daily fractionated; 120 kV, 4 mm Al), separated by a 6 to 8-week pause. The Dupuytren's contracture was staged according to the classification of Tubiana et al. The long-term outcome was analyzed at last follow-up between July and November 1999. The median follow-up was 10 years (range 7-18 years). Late toxicity was assessed using the LENT-SOMA criteria. Results: In Stage N 84% and Stage N/I 67% of cases remained stable. 65% of the cases in Stage I and 83% in Stage II showed progressive nodules and cords. In case of progression we saw no complications after a second radiotherapy or salvage operation. Conclusion: Radiotherapy effectively prevents disease progression for early stage Dupuytren's contracture (Stage N, N/I). Moreover, in case of disease progression despite radiotherapy salvage surgery is still feasible. (orig.) [German] Hintergrund: Im Fruehstadium des Morbus Dupuytren wird die externe Radiotherapie mit dem Ziel eingesetzt, den progressiven Verlauf der Erkrankung zu verhindern. Eine aktuelle Langzeitverlaufskontrolle soll die Ergebnisse und Nebenwirkungen der Radiotherapie darstellen. Patienten und Methode: Wir untersuchten 99 Patienten (176 Haende), welche sich von 1982-1994 einer Radiotherapie an unserer Klinik unterzogen. Jeder Patient erhielt zwei Serien einer Radiotherapie mit jeweils 5 x 3 Gy (Gesamtdosis 30 Gy, 120 kV, 4 mm Al, Bestrahlungspause von 6-8 Wochen nach 15 Gy). Die Beugekontraktur wurde nach Tubiana et al. eingeteilt. Von Juli bis November 1999 erfolgte nach einer medianen Nachbeobachtungszeit von 10 Jahren (7-18 Jahre) eine Kontrolluntersuchung. Die

  4. Hand function and quality of life before and after fasciectomy for Dupuytren contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engstrand, Christina; Krevers, Barbro; Nylander, Göran; Kvist, Joanna

    2014-07-01

    To describe changes in joint motion, sensibility, and scar pliability and to investigate the patients' expectations, self-reported recovery, and satisfaction with hand function, disability, and quality of life after surgery and hand therapy for Dupuytren disease. This prospective cohort study collected measurements before surgery and 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery and hand therapy. Ninety patients with total active extension deficits of 60° or more from Dupuytren contracture were included. Outcomes measures were range of motion; sensibility; scar pliability; self-reported outcomes on expectations, recovery, and satisfaction with hand function; Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand scores; safety and social issues of hand function; physical activity habits; and quality of life with the Euroqol. The extension deficit decreased, and there was a transient decrease in active finger flexion during the first year after surgery. Sensibility remained unaffected. Generally, patients with surgery on multiple fingers had worse scar pliability. The majority of the patients had their expectations met, and at 6 months, 32% considered hand function as fully recovered, and 73% were satisfied with their hand function. Fear of hurting the hand and worry about not trusting the hand function were of greatest concern among safety and social issues. The Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score and the Euroqol improved over time. After surgery and hand therapy, disability decreased independent of single or multiple operated fingers. The total active finger extension improved enough for the patients to reach a functional range of motion despite an impairment of active finger flexion still present 12 months after treatment. Therapeutic IV. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Analysis of efficacy and safety of treatment with collagenase Clostridium histolyticum among subgroups of patients with Dupuytren contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raven, Raymond B; Kushner, Harvey; Nguyen, Dat; Naam, Nash; Curtin, Catherine

    2014-09-01

    Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection is a nonoperative treatment of hand contractures from Dupuytren disease. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of CCH in several subgroups of patients with increased surgical risk.Data were pooled from 3 randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials. This analysis included 271 patients with metacarpophalangeal (n = 167) or proximal interphalangeal (n = 104) joint contractures greater than or equal to 20 degrees treated with CCH (0.58 mg collagenase per injection). Subgroups included age, sex, and diabetes status. End points included rate of clinical success (reduction in contracture to 0-5 degrees of normal) and percentage of adverse events.There was no significant difference in clinical success by age, diabetes status, or sex with 63% reaching the end point. There was no difference in adverse events among the subgroups, with peripheral edema, contusion, and injection-site hemorrhage being most common.High-risk subgroups do not demonstrate differences in efficacy or safety with CCH treatment of Dupuytren-related contractures.

  6. Prevalence of Peyronie's Disease-Like Symptoms in Men Presenting With Dupuytren Contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shindel, Alan W; Sweet, Genevieve; Thieu, William; Durbin-Johnson, Blythe; Rothschild, Jennifer; Szabo, Robert

    2017-09-01

    Peyronie's disease (PD) and Dupuytren contractures (DC) are often comorbid and are believed to have a similar underlying pathophysiologic mechanism. To investigate the prevalence of PD-like symptoms (PDLS) in men with DC. From October 2013 to December 2016, men who were seen and evaluated for DC were offered the opportunity to participate in an anonymous survey. The survey assessed several basic demographic and sexual health factors and included items from the International Index of Erectile Function and the Erection Hardness Scale. Men who reported PDLS were asked a series of questions derived from the Peyronie's Disease Questionnaire and for their opinions on theoretical treatment modalities for sexual problems and penile deformity. Prevalence of PDLS in men with DC. One hundred forty men with DC were invited to participate; 85 surveys were returned (response rate = 61%). Twenty-two respondents (26%, 95% confidence interval = 17-35) reported PDLS. Approximately one fourth of all respondents had an Erection Hardness Scale score lower than 3. The most common specific PDLS concerns were penile curvature (91%), length loss (55%), narrowing (36%), and hinging (32%). In men with PDLS, 73% felt at least a little bothered by the symptoms when attempting sexual activity and 40% reported having sex less frequently because of the symptoms. Just 27% of men with PDLS had ever used a treatment for a sexual concern. In terms of treatments for penile deformities, 64% of men with PDLS expressed an interest in treatment administered in the form of an in-office procedure; 41% were potentially amenable to a surgical procedure. The prevalence of PDLS in men with DC is similar to the prevalence of DC in men diagnosed with PD. A substantial number of these men have distress and would consider standard-of-care treatments for PD. Shindel AW, Sweet G, Thieu W, et al. Prevalence of Peyronie's Disease-Like Symptoms in Men Presenting With Dupuytren Contractures. Sex Med 2017;5:e135-e141

  7. Efficacy and safety of concurrent collagenase clostridium histolyticum injections for multiple Dupuytren contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Stephen; Gilpin, David; Kaplan, F Thomas D; Houston, Anthony; Kaufman, Gregory J; Cohen, Brian M; Jones, Nigel; Tursi, James P

    2014-01-01

    To assess the safety and efficacy of 2 concurrent injections of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) in the same hand to treat multiple Dupuytren flexion contractures. In a multicenter, open-label phase IIIb study, 60 patients received two 0.58-mg CCH doses injected into cords affecting 2 joints in the same hand during 1 visit, followed by finger extension approximately 24 hours later. Efficacy at postinjection day 30 (change in flexion contracture and active range of motion, patient satisfaction, physician-rated improvement, and rates of clinical success [flexion contracture 5° or less]) and adverse events were summarized. The concurrent injections were most commonly administered in cords affecting metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints on the same finger (47%) or 2 MCP joints on different fingers of the same hand (37%). Mean total (sum of the 2 treated joints) flexion contracture decreased 76%, from 87° to 24° (MCP joints: 86%; PIP joints: 66%). Mean total range of motion increased from 100° to 161°. Clinical success was 76% for MCP joints and 33% for PIP joints. Most patients were very satisfied (60%) or quite satisfied (28%) with treatment. Most investigators rated treated joints as very much improved (55%) or much improved (37%). The most common treatment-related adverse events (> 75% of patients) were contusion, pain in extremity, and edema peripheral (local edema). Most adverse events were mild to moderate in severity. Serious complications included 1 pulley rupture related to study medication and 1 flexor tendon rupture (following conclusion of the study). There were no systemic complications. Results suggest that 2 affected joints can be effectively and safely treated with concurrent CCH injections. There was an increased incidence of some adverse events with concurrent treatment (pruritus, lymphadenopathy, blood blister, and skin laceration) compared with treatment of a single joint. High degrees of patient

  8. Pain Associated With Treatment of Dupuytren Contracture With Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanjuan-Cerveró, Rafael; Carrera-Hueso, Francisco J; Vazquez-Ferreiro, Pedro; Fikri-Benbrahim, Narjis; Franco-Ferrando, Nuria; Peimer, Clayton A

    2017-02-01

    The primary objective of this study was to quantify the degree of pain associated with collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection and to determine whether it is related to other factors in the intervention. A prospective study of 135 patients was performed to evaluate pain at 3 points during treatment: (1) after CCH injection, using a numerical rating scale (NRS), (2) a binary (positive/negative) assessment before manipulation 24 hours after CCH and after removing the bandage, and (3) after joint manipulation performed with wrist block anesthesia. The average NRS for pain during infiltration was 4.7. Pain was present before manipulation in 52.6% of patients. Pain from manipulation showed an average NRS score of 3.6. The amounts of pain at CCH infiltration, pain after 24 hours, and pain from the manipulation were correlated because patients who experienced pain during CCH infiltration were more likely to report experiencing pain during manipulation. Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum injection for treating Dupuytren contracture can be a painful process. There is a clear relationship between a patient's level of pain during injection of CCH and the likelihood that the patient will experience pain during manipulation, even with the use of local anesthesia. Prognostic IV. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Dupuytren contracture recurrence project: reaching consensus on a definition of recurrence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felici, N; Marcoccio, I; Giunta, R; Haerle, M; Leclercq, C; Pajardi, G; Wilbrand, S; Georgescu, A V; Pess, G

    2014-12-01

    The aim of this study was to determine a definition of recurrence of Dupuytren disease that could be utilized for the comparison of the results independently from the treatment used. 24 hand surgeons from 17 countries met in an international consensus conference. The participants used the Delphi method to evaluate a series of statements: (1) the need for defining recurrence, (2) the concept of recurrence applied to the Tubiana staging system, (3) the concept of recurrence applied to each single treated joint, and (4) the concept of recurrence applied to the finger ray. For each item, the possible answer was given on a scale of 1-5: 1=maximum disagreement; 2=disagreement; 3=agreement; 4=strong agreement; 5=absolute agreement. There was consensus on disagreement if 1 and 2 comprised at least 66% of the recorded answers and consensus on agreement if 3, 4 and 5 comprised at least 66% of the recorded answers. If a threshold of 66% was not reached, the related statement was considered "not defined". A need for a definition of recurrence was established. The presence of nodules or cords without finger contracture was not considered an indication of recurrence. The Tubiana staging system was considered inappropriate for reporting recurrence. Recurrence was best determined by the measurement of a specific joint, rather than a total ray. Time 0 occurred between 6 weeks and 3 months. Recurrence was defined as a PED of more than 20° for at least one of treated joint, in the presence of a palpable cord, compared to the result obtained at time 0. This study determined the need for a standard definition of recurrence and reached consensus on that definition, which we should become the standard for the reporting of recurrence. If utilized in subsequent publications, this will allow surgeons to compare different techniques and make is easier to help patients make an informed choice.

  10. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum for the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture: systematic review and economic evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brazzelli, Miriam; Cruickshank, Moira; Tassie, Emma; McNamee, Paul; Robertson, Clare; Elders, Andrew; Fraser, Cynthia; Hernandez, Rodolfo; Lawrie, David; Ramsay, Craig

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Dupuytren's disease is a slowly progressive condition of the hand, characterised by the formation of nodules in the palm that gradually develop into fibrotic cords. Contracture of the cords produces deformities of the fingers. Surgery is recommended for moderate and severe contractures, but complications and/or recurrences are frequent. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) has been developed as a minimally invasive alternative to surgery for some patients. OBJECTIVES To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of collagenase as an alternative to surgery for adults with Dupuytren's contracture with a palpable cord. DATA SOURCES We searched all major electronic databases from 1990 to February 2014. REVIEW METHODS Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), non-randomised comparative studies and observational studies involving collagenase and/or surgical interventions were considered. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed risk of bias of included studies. A de novo Markov model was developed to assess cost-effectiveness of collagenase, percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) and limited fasciectomy (LF). Results were reported as incremental cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were undertaken to investigate model and parameter uncertainty. RESULTS Five RCTs comparing collagenase with placebo (493 participants), three RCTs comparing surgical techniques (334 participants), two non-randomised studies comparing collagenase and surgery (105 participants), five non-randomised comparative studies assessing various surgical procedures (3571 participants) and 15 collagenase case series (3154 participants) were included. Meta-analyses of RCTs assessing CCH versus placebo were performed. Joints randomised to collagenase were more likely to achieve clinical success. Collagenase-treated participants experienced significant reduction in contracture and an increased range of

  11. Intra- and inter-observer agreement on diagnosis of Dupuytren disease, measurements of severity of contracture, and disease extent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broekstra, Dieuwke C; Lanting, Rosanne; Werker, Paul M N; van den Heuvel, Edwin R

    2015-08-01

    Dupuytren disease (DD) is a fibrosing disease affecting the palmar aponeurosis, and is mostly treated by surgery based on measurement of severity of flexion contracture of the fingers. Literature concerning the measurement reliability is scarce. This study aimed to determine the intra- and inter-observer agreement of four variables for diagnosing DD, determining severity of contracture, and disease extent. One of them is a new measurement on the area of nodules and cords for measuring the disease extent in early disease stages. An agreement study (n = 54) was performed by two trained investigators. Agreement was calculated per finger, based on an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) using a latent variable model on subjects for diagnosis and Tubiana stage. For total passive extension deficit (TPED) and the area of nodules and cords, agreement was calculated with an ICC using a one-way random effects model with subject as random effect. Inter-observer agreement was very good for diagnosing DD (ICC: 95.5%-99.9%) and good to very good for classifying Tubiana stage (ICC: 73.5%-94.9%). Agreements for area and TPED were moderate (middle finger) to very good (ICC: 48.4%-98.6% and 45.0%-99.5%, respectively). Intra-observer agreement was slightly higher on average than inter-observer agreement. Overall, the intra- and inter-observer agreement in diagnosing DD, and determining the severity of flexion contracture is high. Also, the newly introduced variable area of nodules and cords has high intra- and inter-observer agreement, indicating that it is suitable to measure disease extent. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Efficacy and safety of collagenase clostridium histolyticum in the treatment of proximal interphalangeal joints in dupuytren contracture: combined analysis of 4 phase 3 clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badalamente, Marie A; Hurst, Lawrence C; Benhaim, Prosper; Cohen, Brian M

    2015-05-01

    To examine the results of proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint contractures from 4 phase 3 clinical trials of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection for Dupuytren contracture. Patients enrolled in Collagenase Option for Reduction of Dupuytren I/II and JOINT I/II with one or more PIP joint contractures (20° to 80°) received CCH 0.58 mg/0.20 mL or placebo (Collagenase Option for Reduction of Dupuytren I/II only) injected directly into a palpable cord. The percentage of PIP joints achieving clinical success (0° to 5° of full extension), clinical improvement (50% or more reduction in baseline contracture), and range of motion improvement at 30 days after the first and last CCH injections was assessed. The PIP joint contractures were classified into low (40° or less) and high (more than 40°) baseline severity. Adverse events were recorded. A total of 506 adults (mean age, 63 ± 10 y; 80% male) received 1,165 CCH injections in 644 PIP joint cords (mean, 1.6 injections/cord). Most patients (60%) received 1 injection, with 24%, 16%, and 1% receiving 2, 3, and 4 injections, respectively. Clinical success and clinical improvement occurred in 27% and 49% of PIP joints after one injection and in 34% and 58% after the last injection. Patients with lower baseline severity showed greater improvement and response was comparable between fingers, as were improvements in range of motion. Adverse events occurring in more than 10% of patients were peripheral edema (58%), contusion (38%), injection site hemorrhage (23%), injection site pain (21%), injection site swelling (16%), and tenderness (13%). This incidence was consistent with data reported in phase 3 trials. Two tendon ruptures occurred. No further ruptures occurred after a modified injection technique was adopted. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum was effective and well tolerated in the short term in patients with Dupuytren PIP joint contractures. Therapeutic II. Copyright © 2015 American Society for

  13. Radiotherapy in early-stage Dupuytren's contracture. Long-term results after 13 years

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    Betz, Nicolas; Ott, Oliver J.; Sauer, Rolf; Fietkau, Rainer [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Univ. Hospital Erlangen (Germany); Adamietz, Boris [Radiologic Inst., Univ. Hospital Erlangen (Germany); Keilholz, Ludwig [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Univ. Hospital Erlangen (Germany); Dept. of Radiotherapy, Klinikum Bayreuth GmbH (Germany)

    2010-02-15

    Background and Purpose: In early-stage Dupuytren's contracture, radiotherapy is applied to prevent disease progression. Long-term outcome and late toxicity of the treatment were evaluated in a retrospective analysis. Patients and Methods: Between 12/1982 and 02/2006, 135 patients (208 hands) were irradiated with orthovoltage (120 kV; 20 mA; 4-mm Al filter), in two courses with five daily fractions of 3.0 Gy to a total dose of 30 Gy; separated by a 6- to 8-week interval. The extent of disease was described according to a modified classification of Tubiana et al. Long-term outcome was analyzed at last follow-up between 02/2008 and 05/2008 with a median follow-up of 13 years (range, 2-25 years). Late treatment toxicity and objective reduction of symptoms as change in stage and numbers of nodules and cords were evaluated and used as evidence to assess treatment response. Results: According to the individual stages, 123 cases (59%) remained stable, 20 (10%) improved, and 65 (31%) progressed. In stage N 87% and in stage N/I 70% remained stable or even regressed. In more advanced stages, the rate of disease progression increased to 62% (stage I) or 86% (stage II). 66% of the patients showed a long-term relief of symptoms (i.e., burning sensations, itching and scratching, pressure and tension). Radiotherapy did not increase the complication rate after surgery in case of disease progression and only minor late toxicity (skin atrophy, dry desquamation) could be observed in 32% of the patients. There was no evidence for a second malignancy induced by radiotherapy. Conclusion: After a mean follow-up of 13 years radiotherapy is effective in prevention of disease progression and improves patients' symptoms in early-stage Dupuytren's contracture (stage N, N/I). In case of disease progression after radiotherapy, a ''salvage'' operation is still feasible. (orig.)

  14. 掌腱膜挛缩症的手术治疗%The surgical treatment of Dupuytren's contracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓南; 陈克俊; 韩宝平; 阚世廉

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate a modified technique in the surgical treatment of Dupuytren' s contracture and its clinical outcomes. Methods Eleven cases in 9 patients of Dupuytren's contracture were treated by partial resection of the palmar aponeurosis from September 2008 to August 2009. The conventional method was modified by treating the skin flap as a skin graft. Results Primary wound healing was achieved in all cases. There was no infection, hematoma or skin necrosis. The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 6 months,with an average of 3.3 months. There was no recurrence. The results were graded as good in 9 cases and fair in 2 cases according to the upper limb functional evaluation criteria issued by the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association. The overall satisfactory rate was 100%. Conclusion Early postoperative complication rate can be greatly reduced by treating palmar skin flap as free skin graft after partial resection of the palmar aponeurosis.%目的 探讨掌腱膜挛缩症手术方法的改进,分析其疗效.方法 2008年9月至2009年8月,采用掌腱膜部分切除术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症患者9例11侧,对传统的治疗方法加以改进,以游离植皮的理念处理掌侧皮瓣.结果 本组患者术后切口均Ⅰ期愈合,无皮下血肿、皮缘坏死、切口感染等术后早期并发症发生.随访1~6个月,平均3.3个月,无一例复发.按中华医学会手外科学会上肢部分功能评定试用标准评定:患手运动功能优9例,良2例;优良率为100%.结论 在掌腱膜部分切除术中以游离植皮的理念处理掌侧皮肤可明显降低术后早期并发症.

  15. A Simple Dressing Technique Following Dermofasciectomy and Full Thickness Skin Grafting of the Fingers in the Treatment of Severe Dupuytren's Contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanagho, Andy; Beaumont, Jan; Thomas, Roshin

    2015-12-01

    Dupuytren's disease with severe finger contractures and recurrent contractures following previous surgery often have extensive skin involvement. In these severe cases, excision of the diseased chord along with the involved skin is a good option to reduce the risk of recurrance. The resulting skin defect can be covered with a full thickness skin graft (FTSG) or a cross finger flap. Cross finger flaps have donor finger morbidity and hence a full thickness graft is usually preferred. The FTSG extending to the midlateral margins on both sides of the finger reduces the risk of joint contracture due to graft shrinkage. Once the FTSG is sutured in place, the standard practice is to compress and secure the graft to its recipient bed with a tie-over dressing and this can be time consuming. We present a simple dressing technique to secure the FTSG without the need for a tie-over dressing.

  16. Costs for collagenase injections compared with fasciectomy in the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture: a retrospective cohort study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atroshi, Isam; Strandberg, Emelie; Lauritzson, Anna; Ahlgren, Eva; Waldén, Markus

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To compare collagenase injections and surgery (fasciectomy) for Dupuytren's contracture (DC) regarding actual total direct treatment costs and short-term outcomes. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Orthopaedic department of a regional hospital in Sweden. Participants Patients aged 65 years or older with previously untreated DC of 30° or greater in the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and/or proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints of the small, ring or middle finger. The collagenase group comprised 16 consecutive patients treated during the first 6 months following the introduction of collagenase as treatment for DC at the study centre. The controls were 16 patients randomly selected among those operated on with fasciectomy at the same centre during the preceding 3 years. Interventions Treatment with collagenase was given during two standard outpatient clinic visits (injection of 0.9 mg, distributed at multiple sites in a palpable cord, and next-day finger extension under local anaesthesia) followed by night-time splinting. Fasciectomy was carried out in the operating room (day surgery) under general or regional anaesthesia using standard technique, followed by therapy and splinting. Primary and secondary outcome measures Actual total direct costs (salaries of all medical personnel involved in care, medications, materials and other relevant costs), and total MCP and PIP extension deficit (degrees) measured by hand therapists at 6–12 weeks after the treatment. Results Collagenase injection required fewer hospital outpatient visits to a therapist and nurse than fasciectomy. Total treatment cost for collagenase injection was US$1418.04 and for fasciectomy US$2102.56. The post-treatment median (IQR) total extension deficit was 10 (0–30) for the collagenase group and 10 (0–34) for the fasciectomy group. Conclusions Treatment of DC with one collagenase injection costs 33% less than fasciectomy with equivalent efficacy at 6 weeks regarding

  17. Efficacy and safety of collagenase clostridium histolyticum injection for Dupuytren contracture: short-term results from 2 open-label studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witthaut, Jörg; Jones, Graeme; Skrepnik, Nebojsa; Kushner, Harvey; Houston, Anthony; Lindau, Tommy R

    2013-01-01

    The JOINT I (United States) and JOINT II (Australia and Europe) studies evaluated the efficacy and safety of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection for the treatment of Dupuytren contracture. Both studies used identical open-label protocols. Patients with fixed-flexion contractures of metacarpophalangeal (MCP) (20° to 100°) or proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints (20° to 80°) could receive up to three 0.58-mg CCH injections per cord (up to 5 total injections per patient). We performed standardized finger extension procedures to disrupt injected cords the next day, with follow-up 1, 2, 6, and 9 months thereafter. The primary end point (clinical success) was reduction in contracture to within 0° to 5° of full extension 30 days after the last injection. Clinical improvement was defined as 50% or more reduction from baseline contracture. Dupuytren cords affecting 879 joints (531 MCP and 348 PIP) in 587 patients were administered CCH injections at 14 U.S. and 20 Australian/European sites, with similar outcomes in both studies. Clinical success was achieved in 497 (57%) of treated joints using 1.2 ± 0.5 (mean ± SD) CCH injections per cord. More MCP than PIP joints achieved clinical success (70% and 37%, respectively) or clinical improvement (89% and 58%, respectively). Less severely contracted joints responded better than those more severely contracted. Mean change in contracture was 55° for MCP joints and 25° for PIP joints. With average contracture reductions of 73% and improvements in range of motion by 30°, most patients (92%) were "very satisfied" (71%) or "quite satisfied" (21%) with treatment. Physicians rated change from baseline as "very much improved" (47%) or "much improved" (35%). The CCH injections were well tolerated, causing no tendon ruptures or systemic reactions. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum was an effective, minimally invasive option for the treatment of Dupuytren contracture of a broad range of severities. Most

  18. The Incidence of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Simultaneous Surgical Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Dupuytren Contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buller, Mitchell; Schulz, Steven; Kasdan, Morton; Wilhelmi, Bradon J

    2017-07-01

    To determine the incidence of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) in the concurrent surgical treatment of Dupuytren contracture (DC) and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) through a thorough review of evidence available in the literature. The indices of 260 hand surgery books and PubMed were searched for concomitant references to DC and CTS. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they evaluated the outcome of patients treated with simultaneous fasciectomy or fasciotomy for DC and carpal tunnel release using CRPS as a complication of treatment. Of the literature reviewed, only 4 studies met the defined criteria for use in the study. Data from the 4 studies were pooled, and the incidence of recurrence and complications, specifically CRPS, was noted. The rate of CRPS was found to be 10.4% in the simultaneous treatment group versus 4.1% in the fasciectomy-only group. This rate is nearly half the 8.3% rate of CRPS found in a randomized trial of patients undergoing carpal tunnel release. Our analysis demonstrates a marginal increase in the occurrence of CRPS by adding the carpal tunnel release to patients in need of fasciectomy, contradicting the original reports demonstrating a much higher rate of CRPS. This indicates that no clear clinical risk is associated with simultaneous surgical treatment of DC and CTS. In some patients, simultaneous surgical management of DC and CTS can be accomplished safely with minimal increased risk of CRPS type 1.

  19. [Comparative Cost Effectiveness of Clostridium Histolyticum Collagenase (Xiapex®) and Partial Fasciectomy for the Treatment of Dupuytren's Contracture in Austria].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuwirth, M; Binter, A; Pipam, W; Rab, M

    2016-08-01

    Since Dupuytren's contracture is a common disorder, the costs for its surgical treatment impose a considerable burden on the healthcare system. For the first time in the German-speaking area, this study aimed to provide a comparative cost-effectiveness analysis for partial fasciectomy vs. treatment with Clostridium histolyticum collagenase (CCH). A retrospective monocentric study of the period from 2012 to 2014 comprised 40 patients with previously untreated Dupuytren's contracture of one finger. 20 outpatients received one CCH treatment (Group 1), while 20 inpatients underwent partial fasciectomy (Group 2). The direct pre-interventional treatment and post-interventional costs were compared. The direct post-interventional and postoperative results were comparable. Group 1 (CCH) showed a mean reduction in contracture of 96.4%; in Group 2 (partial fasciectomy), this was 97.7%. There were fewer complications in Group 1 than in Group 2. Mean treatment costs in Group 1 were € 1 458.60 and in Group 2, € 5 315.20. Treatment with CCH is more cost effective than with partial fasciectomy. This is due to greater costs for personnel, time and surgical material, as well as the treatment of the more frequent complications in Group 2. Despite the limited comparability, our findings are consistent with the present international literature. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. Dupuytren's contracture in a patient with diabetes mellitus and literatures review%糖尿病合并掌腱膜挛缩症1例及文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王译晨; 刘艳; 高鹏

    2011-01-01

    掌腱膜挛缩症是由于手掌皮下组织增生变性,形成许多结节和条索结构,进而导致手指关节继发性挛缩.糖尿病合并掌腱膜挛缩症在国外早有报道,发病率在3%~32%,相关文献表明,糖尿病患者掌腱膜挛缩症的发病率是正常人的10倍.然而,国内糖尿病合并掌腱膜挛缩症的病例报道较少.现报道糖尿病合并掌腱膜挛缩症1例,并探讨糖尿病与掌腱膜挛缩症的关系、可能的发病机制、临床表现、诊断及治疗方法.%Dupuytren's contracture is due to proliferation of palm subcutaneous tissue and the formation of many nodules and cord structures,thus leading to contracture of finger joints. Dupuytren's contracture combined with diabetes mellitus has been reported in foreign countries, the incidence was 3%-32%. Literatures suggest that the incidence of Dupuytren's contracture in diabetic patients is ten times greater than that in the general population. In China,Dupuytren's contracture combined with diabetes mellitus has been reported less. This article reports Dupuytren's contracture in a patient with diabetes mellitus and discusses their relationship ,possible pathogenesis,clinical manifestations,diagnosis and therapies.

  1. Fibroblasts from phenotypically normal palmar fascia exhibit molecular profiles highly similar to fibroblasts from active disease in Dupuytren's Contracture

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    Satish Latha

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dupuytren's contracture (DC is a fibroproliferative disorder characterized by the progressive development of a scar-like collagen-rich cord that affects the palmar fascia of the hand and leads to digital flexion contractures. DC is most commonly treated by surgical resection of the diseased tissue, but has a high reported recurrence rate ranging from 27% to 80%. We sought to determine if the transcriptomic profiles of fibroblasts derived from DC-affected palmar fascia, adjacent phenotypically normal palmar fascia, and non-DC palmar fascial tissues might provide mechanistic clues to understanding the puzzle of disease predisposition and recurrence in DC. Methods To achieve this, total RNA was obtained from fibroblasts derived from primary DC-affected palmar fascia, patient-matched unaffected palmar fascia, and palmar fascia from non-DC patients undergoing carpal tunnel release (6 patients in each group. These cells were grown on a type-1 collagen substrate (to better mimic their in vivo environments. Microarray analyses were subsequently performed using Illumina BeadChip arrays to compare the transcriptomic profiles of these three cell populations. Data were analyzed using Significance Analysis of Microarrays (SAM v3.02, hierarchical clustering, concordance mapping and Venn diagram. Results We found that the transcriptomic profiles of DC-disease fibroblasts and fibroblasts from unaffected fascia of DC patients exhibited a much greater overlap than fibroblasts derived from the palmar fascia of patients undergoing carpal tunnel release. Quantitative real time RT-PCR confirmed the differential expression of select genes validating the microarray data analyses. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that predisposition and recurrence in DC may stem, at least in part, from intrinsic similarities in the basal gene expression of diseased and phenotypically unaffected palmar fascia fibroblasts. These data also demonstrate that

  2. Fibroblasts from phenotypically normal palmar fascia exhibit molecular profiles highly similar to fibroblasts from active disease in Dupuytren's Contracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Dupuytren's contracture (DC) is a fibroproliferative disorder characterized by the progressive development of a scar-like collagen-rich cord that affects the palmar fascia of the hand and leads to digital flexion contractures. DC is most commonly treated by surgical resection of the diseased tissue, but has a high reported recurrence rate ranging from 27% to 80%. We sought to determine if the transcriptomic profiles of fibroblasts derived from DC-affected palmar fascia, adjacent phenotypically normal palmar fascia, and non-DC palmar fascial tissues might provide mechanistic clues to understanding the puzzle of disease predisposition and recurrence in DC. Methods To achieve this, total RNA was obtained from fibroblasts derived from primary DC-affected palmar fascia, patient-matched unaffected palmar fascia, and palmar fascia from non-DC patients undergoing carpal tunnel release (6 patients in each group). These cells were grown on a type-1 collagen substrate (to better mimic their in vivo environments). Microarray analyses were subsequently performed using Illumina BeadChip arrays to compare the transcriptomic profiles of these three cell populations. Data were analyzed using Significance Analysis of Microarrays (SAM v3.02), hierarchical clustering, concordance mapping and Venn diagram. Results We found that the transcriptomic profiles of DC-disease fibroblasts and fibroblasts from unaffected fascia of DC patients exhibited a much greater overlap than fibroblasts derived from the palmar fascia of patients undergoing carpal tunnel release. Quantitative real time RT-PCR confirmed the differential expression of select genes validating the microarray data analyses. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that predisposition and recurrence in DC may stem, at least in part, from intrinsic similarities in the basal gene expression of diseased and phenotypically unaffected palmar fascia fibroblasts. These data also demonstrate that a collagen

  3. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum for dupuytren contracture: patterns of use and effectiveness in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peimer, Clayton A; Skodny, Paul; Mackowiak, John I

    2013-12-01

    To collect data on the real-world effectiveness of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) during its first year of use following U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval and compare those results with clinical trial efficacy data. This retrospective chart review was conducted at 10 U.S. community and academic practice sites with major experience using CCH. Charts of patients treated with CCH between February and December 2010 were abstracted, and anonymized data were analyzed. Clinical use, including number of injections per cord and effectiveness outcomes (joint contracture and range of motion) were compared with results from 2 registration trials. Data were collected from 501 patients (74% male; 48% employed; mean [SD] age, 65 [10] y); 463 patients had sufficient data for analysis. We found that 1.08 CCH injections were used per treated joint, compared with a mean of 1.7 injections in registration trials. Ninety-three percent of joints received only 1 injection. The mean (SD) number of visits per injection was 2.92 (1.0). Mean (SD) contracture was reduced by 75% from 49° (21) at baseline to 12° (17), similar to the 71% to 79% reduction in clinical trials. Mean (SD) range of motion was improved by 37° from 44° (20) at baseline to 81° (14), similar to the increase of 35° and 37° in the 2 clinical trials; and 67% of first injections resulted in full correction to 0° to 5°, compared with the clinical trial rate of 39%. Despite a lower injection rate, correction of joint contracture and range of motion was similar to findings from clinical trials. Effectiveness reports using this kind of surveillance design could provide patients, physicians, and payers with the information needed to make better treatment and reimbursement decisions. Therapeutic III. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Behandeling van de ziekte van Dupuytren : Een overzicht van de mogelijkheden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rijssen, Annet L; Werker, Paul M N

    2009-01-01

    In this article we systematically review treatment options for Dupuytren's contracture. There is little evidence on the effectiveness of many treatment modalities for Dupuytren's disease other than expert's opinions (level 4). Most hand surgeons perform selective fasciectomy for Dupuytren's disease.

  5. Behandeling van de ziekte van Dupuytren : Een overzicht van de mogelijkheden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rijssen, Annet L; Werker, Paul M N

    2009-01-01

    In this article we systematically review treatment options for Dupuytren's contracture. There is little evidence on the effectiveness of many treatment modalities for Dupuytren's disease other than expert's opinions (level 4). Most hand surgeons perform selective fasciectomy for Dupuytren's disease.

  6. Cost-effectiveness of open partial fasciectomy, needle aponeurotomy, and collagenase injection for dupuytren contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Neal C; Shauver, Melissa J; Chung, Kevin C

    2011-11-01

    We undertook a cost-utility analysis to compare traditional fasciectomy for Dupuytren with 2 new treatments, needle aponeurotomy and collagenase injection. We constructed an expected-value decision analysis model with an arm representing each treatment. A survey was administered to a cohort of 50 consecutive subjects to determine utilities of different interventions. We conducted multiple sensitivity analyses to assess the impact of varying the rate of disease recurrence in each arm of the analysis as well as the cost of the collagenase injection. The threshold for a cost-effective treatment is based on the traditional willingness-to-pay of $50,000 per quality-adjusted life years (QALY) gained. The cost of open partial fasciectomy was $820,114 per QALY gained over no treatment. The cost of needle aponeurotomy was $96,474 per QALY gained versus no treatment. When we performed a sensitivity analysis and set the success rate at 100%, the cost of needle aponeurotomy was $49,631. When needle aponeurotomy was performed without surgical center or anesthesia costs and with reduced hand therapy, the cost was $36,570. When a complete collagenase injection series was priced at $250, the cost was $31,856 per QALY gained. When the injection series was priced at $945, the cost was $49,995 per QALY gained. At the market price of $5,400 per injection, the cost was $166,268 per QALY gained. In the current model, open partial fasciectomy is not cost-effective. Needle aponeurotomy is cost-effective if the success rate is high. Collagenase injection is cost-effective when priced under $945. Economic and Decision Analysis II. Copyright © 2011 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Wnt Signaling and Dupuytren's Disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dolmans, Guido H.; Werker, Paul M.; Hennies, Hans C.; Furniss, Dominic; Festen, Eleonora A.; Franke, Lude; Becker, Kerstin; van der Vlies, Pieter; Wolffenbuttel, Bruce H.; Tinschert, Sigrid; Toliat, Mohammad R.; Nothnagel, Michael; Franke, Andre; Klopp, Norman; Wichmann, H-Erich; Nuernberg, Peter; Giele, Henk; Ophoff, Roel A.; Wijmenga, Cisca; Nurnberg, P.; Dutch Dupuytren Study Group, [No Value; German Dupuytren Study Group, LifeLines Cohort Study; BSSH-GODD Consortium, [No Value

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND Dupuytren's disease is a benign fibromatosis of the hands and fingers that leads to flexion contractures. We hypothesized that multiple genetic and environmental factors influence susceptibility to this disease and sought to identify susceptibility genes to better understand its

  8. Comparison of Treatment Outcome After Collagenase and Needle Fasciotomy for Dupuytren Contracture: A Randomized, Single-Blinded, Clinical Trial With a 1-Year Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strömberg, Joakim; Ibsen-Sörensen, Allan; Fridén, Jan

    2016-09-01

    This study compared the efficacy of collagenase treatment and needle fasciotomy for contracture of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint in Dupuytren disease. This is a prospective, single-blinded, randomized study with follow-up 1 week and 1 year after treatment. One hundred and forty patients with an MCP contracture of 20° or more in a single finger were enrolled, of whom 69 patients were randomized to collagenase treatment and 71 patients to needle fasciotomy. The patients were followed at 1 week and were examined by a physiotherapist after 1 year. Measurements of joint movement and grip strength were recorded as well as patient-perceived outcomes measured by the Unité Rhumatologique des Affections de la Main (URAM) questionnaire and a visual analog scale (VAS) for the estimation of procedural pain and subjective treatment efficacy. Eighty-eight percent of the patients in the collagenase group and 90% of the patients in the needle fasciotomy group had a reduction in their MCP contracture to less than 5° 1 week after treatment, and the median gains in passive MCP movement were 48° and 46°, respectively. The median VAS score for procedural pain was 4.9 of 10 in the collagenase group and 2.7 of 10 in the needle fasciotomy group. After 1 year, 90% of the patients in both groups had full extension of the treated MCP joint. One patient in each group had a recurrence of the contracture. The median improvement in URAM score was 8 units in both groups and the VAS estimation of treatment efficacy by the patients was 8.7 of 10 in both groups. There was no significant difference between the treatment outcomes after collagenase and needle fasciotomy treatment after 1 year. Therapeutic I. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Skin graft loss resulting from collagenase clostridium histolyticum treatment of Dupuytren contracture: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Jordan W; Watt, Andrew J; Vedder, Nicholas B

    2013-03-01

    Treatment of Dupuytren disease with collagenase clostridium histolyticum is increasingly used among hand surgeons. Although it is generally safe and efficacious, complications related to enzymatic fasciotomy occur. Postapproval surveillance and communication among hand surgeons continues to refine the indications, contraindications, and complications recognized in the treatment of Dupuytren disease with enzymatic therapy. Major treatment-related adverse events previously reported include flexor tendon rupture and complex regional pain syndrome. We report a patient who experienced total loss of a well-established volar ring finger skin graft following collagenase injection and propose a potential mechanism of vulnerability. This case may illustrate the susceptibility of type I collagen, which is uniformly present in a healed skin graft bed, to degradation with collagenase. We propose a cautious approach when considering treatment of a Dupuytren cord with collagenase in the presence of an overlying skin graft, regardless of the age of the graft.

  10. Postoperative hand therapy in Dupuytren's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herweijer, H.; Dijkstra, P.U.; Nicolai, J.P.A.; van der Sluis, C.K.

    2007-01-01

    Background. Postoperative hand therapy in patients after surgery for Dupuytren's contracture is common medical practice to improve outcomes. Until now, patients are referred for postoperative hand rehabilitation on an empirical basis. Purpose. To evaluate whether referral criteria after surgery

  11. Postoperative hand therapy in Dupuytren's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herweijer, H.; Dijkstra, P.U.; Nicolai, J.P.A.; van der Sluis, C.K.

    2007-01-01

    Background. Postoperative hand therapy in patients after surgery for Dupuytren's contracture is common medical practice to improve outcomes. Until now, patients are referred for postoperative hand rehabilitation on an empirical basis. Purpose. To evaluate whether referral criteria after surgery beca

  12. [Dupuytren disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Pablo; Román, Javier A; Vergara, Jorge

    2012-09-01

    Dupuytren disease (DD) is a connective tissue disorder that consists in fibromatosis of the palmar and digital fascia (in form of nodules or flanges) that leads to the development of flexion contractures of the palm and fingers. The little and ring finger are particularly affected. The disease can limit hand function, reducing the quality of life. The disease can have a traumatic origin and is also associated with conditions such as diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, dyslipidemia, epilepsy and AIDS, among others. However, none of these conditions can fully explain the genesis of DD. A hereditary component is described in 40% of patients and is attributed to an autosomal dominant gene of variable penetrance, probably related to collagen synthesis. However there are also spontaneous and recessive inheritance cases. The diagnosis is clinical and based on physical examination. Treatment ranges from observation or use of injectable collagenase to the surgical option in cases with significant functional limitations.

  13. Use of resources and costs associated with the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture at an orthopedics and traumatology surgery department in Denia (Spain): collagenase clostridium hystolyticum versus subtotal fasciectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanjuan Cerveró, Rafael; Franco Ferrando, Nuria; Poquet Jornet, Jaime

    2013-10-14

    Our purpose was to analyze and compare the use of direct health resources and costs generated in the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture using two different techniques: subtotal fasciectomy and infiltration with Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum (CCH) in regular clinical practice at the Orthopedic and Traumatology Surgery (OTS) Department at the Hospital de Denia (Spain). Observational, retrospective study based on data from the computerized clinical histories of two groups of patients- those treated surgically using a one or two digit subtotal fasciectomy technique (FSC) and those treated with CCH infiltration, monitored in regular clinical practice from February, 2009 to May, 2012. Demographic (age, sex), clinical (number of digits affected and which ones) and use of resources (hospitalizations, medical visits, tests and drugs) data were collected. Resource use and associated costs, according to the hospital's accounting department, were compared based on the type of treatment from Spain's National Health Service. 91 patients (48 (52.8%) in the FSC group) were identified. The average age and number of digits affected was 65.9 (9.2) years and 1.33 (0.48) digits affected in the FSC group, and 65.1 (9.7) years and 1.16 (0.4) digits in the CCH group.Overall, the costs of treating Dupuytren's disease with subtotal FSC amount to €1,814 for major ambulatory surgery and €1,961 with hospital stay including admission, surgical intervention (€904), examinations, dressings and physiotherapy. As to collagenase infiltration, costs amount to €952 (including minor surgery admission, vial with product, office examination and dressings). Finally, comparing total costs for treatments, a savings of €388 is estimated in favor of CCH treatment in the best-case scenario (patient under MAS system with no need for physiotherapy) and €1,008 in the worst-case scenario (patient admitted to hospital needing subsequent physiotherapy), implying a savings of 29% and 51

  14. The Efficacy and Safety of Concurrent Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Injections for 2 Dupuytren Contractures in the Same Hand: A Prospective, Multicenter Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaston, R Glenn; Larsen, Søren Erik; Pess, Gary M; Coleman, Stephen; Dean, Brian; Cohen, Brian M; Kaufman, Gregory J; Tursi, James P; Hurst, Lawrence C

    2015-10-01

    To evaluate efficacy and safety of concurrent administration of 2 collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injections to treat 2 joints in the same hand with Dupuytren fixed flexion contractures (FFCs). Patients with 2 or more contractures in the same hand caused by palpable cords participated in a 60-day, multicenter, open-label, phase 3b study. Two 0.58 mg CCH doses were injected into 1 or 2 cords in the same hand (1 injection per affected joint) during the same visit. Finger extension was performed approximately 24, 48, or 72 or more hours later. Changes in FFC and range of motion, incidence of clinical success (FFC ≤ 5°), and adverse events (AEs) were summarized. The study enrolled 715 patients (725 treated joint pairs), and 714 patients (724 joint pairs) were analyzed for efficacy. At day 31, mean total FFC (sum of 2 treated joints) decreased 74%, from 98° to 27°. Mean total range of motion increased from 90° to 156°. The incidence of clinical success was 65% in metacarpophalangeal joints and 29% in proximal interphalangeal joints. Most treatment-related AEs were mild to moderate, resolving without intervention; the most common were swelling of treated extremity, contusion, and pain in extremity. The incidence of skin lacerations was 22% (160 of 715). Efficacy and safety were similar regardless of time to finger extension. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum can be used to effectively treat 2 affected joints concurrently without a greater risk of AEs than treatment of a single joint, with the exception of skin laceration. The incidence of clinical success in this study after 1 injection per joint was comparable to phase 3 study results after 3 or more injections per joint. Two concurrent CCH injections may allow more rapid overall treatment of multiple affected joints, and the ability to vary the time between CCH injection and finger extension may allow physicians and patients greater flexibility with scheduling treatment. Copyright © 2015 American

  15. Night-time splinting after fasciectomy or dermo-fasciectomy for Dupuytren's contracture: a pragmatic, multi-centre, randomised controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larson Debbie

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dupuytren's disease is a progressive fibroproliferative disorder which can result in fixed flexion contractures of digits and impaired hand function. Standard treatment involves surgical release or excision followed by post-operative hand therapy and splinting, however the evidence supporting night splinting is of low quality and equivocal. Methods A multi-centre, pragmatic, open, randomised controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of night splinting on self-reported function, finger extension and satisfaction in patients undergoing fasciectomy or dermofasciectomy. 154 patients from 5 regional hospitals were randomised after surgery to receive hand therapy only (n = 77 or hand therapy with night-splinting (n = 77. Primary outcome was self-reported function using the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH questionnaire. Secondary outcomes were finger range of motion and patient satisfaction. Primary analysis was by intention to treat. Results 148 (96% patients completed follow-up at 12 months. No statistically significant differences were observed on the DASH questionnaire (0-100 scale: adjusted mean diff. 0.66, 95%CI - 2.79 to 4.11, p = 0.703, total extension deficit of operated digits (degrees: adjusted mean diff 5.11, 95%CI -2.33 to 12.55, p = 0.172 or patient satisfaction (0-10 numerical rating scale: adjusted mean diff -0.35, 95%CI -1.04 to 0.34, p = 0.315 at 1 year post surgery. Similarly, in a secondary per protocol analysis no statistically significant differences were observed between the groups in any of the outcomes. Conclusions No differences were observed in self-reported upper limb disability or active range of motion between a group of patients who were all routinely splinted after surgery and a group of patients receiving hand therapy and only splinted if and when contractures occurred. Given the added expense of therapists' time, thermoplastic materials and the potential inconvenience to

  16. Wnt Signaling and Dupuytren's Disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dolmans, Guido H.; Werker, Paul M.; Hennies, Hans C.; Furniss, Dominic; Festen, Eleonora A.; Franke, Lude; Becker, Kerstin; van der Vlies, Pieter; Wolffenbuttel, Bruce H.; Tinschert, Sigrid; Toliat, Mohammad R.; Nothnagel, Michael; Franke, Andre; Klopp, Norman; Wichmann, H-Erich; Nuernberg, Peter; Giele, Henk; Ophoff, Roel A.; Wijmenga, Cisca; Nurnberg, P.; Dutch Dupuytren Study Group, [No Value; German Dupuytren Study Group, LifeLines Cohort Study; BSSH-GODD Consortium, [No Value

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND Dupuytren's disease is a benign fibromatosis of the hands and fingers that leads to flexion contractures. We hypothesized that multiple genetic and environmental factors influence susceptibility to this disease and sought to identify susceptibility genes to better understand its pathogene

  17. 连续“Z”字成形术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症28例%Continuous Z shape plasty in treatment of 28 cases of Dupuytren's contracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞泽珑; 陈荣国; 蒋纯志; 曾怿; 欧先锋; 钱建吉

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨连续“Z”字成形术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症的临床疗效。方法筛选2007年6月-2014年6月收治的掌腱膜挛缩症患者48例,作为研究对象。分为对照组与观察组,对照组20例,观察组28例。对照组应用“齿”状切口、“Z”字切口、“S”形切口、“L”形切口、直切口+“Z”字改形切口治疗掌腱膜挛缩症;观察组采用连续“Z”字成形术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症,比较两组患者并发症并通过随访复查统计其临床疗效。结果随访3个月~4年。对照组皮肤坏死率为35.0%(7/20),观察组皮肤坏死率为7.1%(2/28)。采用卡方检验比较统计两组之间的皮肤坏死率,χ2=4.255,P<0.05,两组术后皮肤坏死率差异有显著统计学意义。结论连续“Z”字成形术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症可显著提升其临床疗效,降低术后皮肤坏死率,具有临床应用及推广价值。%Objective To explore clinical effect of continuous Z-shape plasty in treatment of Dupuytren's contracture. Methods Selected 48 Dupuytren's contracture patients, who were treated from June 2007 to June 2014 in our hospital as the research object. They were divided into the experimental group and control group. There were 20 cases in the control group, and 28 cases in the experiment group. The control group was treated with dentate incision, Z shape incision, S shape incision, L shape incision or straight incision plus Z shape plasty incision. The experiment group adopted continuous Z shape plasty to treat Dupuytren's contracture, counted curative effect through comparing complications and follow-up review after operation. Results All the patients were followed up from 3 months to 4 years. In the control group postoperative skin necrosis rate was 35.0%(7/20), and 7.1%(2/28) in the experimental group. The Chi-square test was used to compare statistically the skin necrosis rate between the two groups, and the result showed the χ2 was 4

  18. Enfermedad de Dupuytren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Badilla-Mora

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Desde que fue descrita por primera vez en el Hotel Dieu, en París, por el Dr. Guilliaume Dupuytren, durante una de sus famosas conferencias en 1832, el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la contractura de Dupuytren han permanecido sin cambio alguno a lo largo del tiempo. A pesar de que esta enfermedad afecta usualmente a individuos del noroeste europeo, y por ende es bastante rara en la sociedad latina, es importante reconocer los signos que definen la contractura y correlacionarlos con los factores predisponentes y los de riesgo. Se evitará así confundirla con otras enfermedades que comprometen la mano y al hacer un diagnóstico correcto, el paciente será referido en el momento adecuado, para su corrección quirúrgicaSince first described at Hotel Dieu in Paris by Doctor Guilliaume Dupuytren during one of his famous lectures in 1832, the diagnosis and treatment of Dupuytren’s contracture has remained pretty much unchanged. Although this disease affects usually northwestern European individuals and therefore is very uncommon in our Latin society, it is always important to be able to recognize not only the signs that define the contracture itself but also to be able to correlate them with the risk and predisposing factors. The recognition and differential diagnosis with other diseases of the hand will facilitate proper and prompt patient referral for surgical treatment

  19. The treatment of Dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desai, Shaunak S; Hentz, Vincent R

    2011-05-01

    The treatment of progressive Dupuytren contractures has historically been and continues to be largely surgical. Although a number of surgical interventions do exist, limited palmar fasciectomy continues to be the most common and widely accepted treatment option. Until recently, nonsurgical options were limited and clinically ineffective. However, the commercial availability and recent approval of collagenase clostridium histolyticum now provides practitioners with a nonsurgical approach to this disease. This article presents a comprehensive review of the surgical and nonsurgical treatments of Dupuytren disease, with a focus on collagenase.

  20. Treatment considerations in carpal tunnel syndrome with coexistent Dupuytren's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nissenbaum, M; Kleinert, H E

    1980-11-01

    Twenty-nine patients with involvement of 31 hands presented with coexisting carpal tunnel syndrome and ipsilateral Dupuytren's disease. Analysis of the patient population showed a high proportion of women, dominant hand involvement, and repetitive manual trauma. Various treatment combinations were used and the results evaluated. Simultaneous surgical excision of Dupuytren's contracture and carpal tunnel release gave compromised long-term results, particularly among the women. To minimize complications, it is advised that carpal tunnel release not be performed at the same time as excision of Dupuytren's contracture.

  1. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy in dupuytren's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rijssen, A L; Werker, P M N

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine our results of 74 percutaneous needle fasciotomies for Dupuytren's contracture. Pre-operative and postoperative total passive extension deficit was measured. Patients were seen at the outpatient clinic at 32 months for final follow-up. Extension deficit and

  2. The diagnosis and treatment of Dupuytren' s contracture combined with carpal tunnel syndrome%掌腱膜挛缩症合并腕管综合征的诊断和治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建峰; 赵亮; 刘井达; 王小磊; 赵民; 李大村

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation of Dupuytren's contracture and carpal tunnel syndrome and evaluate the clinical outcomes of treating both diseases in one surgery. Methods From March 2003 to August 2011,8 cases of Dupuytren's contracture combined with carpal tunnel syndrome were surgically treated.Through an M-shaped palm incision and a Y-shaped incision extended to the finger,the palmar aponeurosis was partially removed and the flexor retinaculum was cut open to release the median nerve at the same time. Results Primary wound healing was achieved in all of the eight cases.There were no flap edge necrosis and hematoma formation.Numbness of the thumb,index finger and middle finger gradually reduced postoperatively.The numbness disappeared after 3 months.All patients were follow-up for 6 months to 2 years with no recurrence. Conclusion When more predisposing factors of both diseases occur in one patient,the probability of the occurrence of both Dupuytren' s contractue and carpal tunnel syndrome in one patient also increases significantly.The two diseases can be treated in one surgery.%目的 探讨掌腱膜挛缩症与腕管综合征的相关性及一次完成两种手术的治疗效果.方法 2003年3月至2011年8月,对8例掌腱膜挛缩症合并腕管综合征的患者,其中右手5例、左手3例,设计手掌部“M”形切口,或同时加手指的“Y”形切口,同时切除部分掌腱膜,行屈肌支持带切开、正中神经松解术.结果 术后全部伤口均Ⅰ期愈合,无皮瓣边缘坏死及血肿形成,术后拇、示、中指麻木逐渐减轻,术后3个月手指麻木全部消失.术后随访时间为6个月至2年,掌腱膜挛缩无复发.结论 掌腱膜挛缩症与腕管综合征两种疾病的诱发因素较多地发生在同一个体时,两种疾病同时并发的几率明显增加,可通过一次手术完成.

  3. Prevalence of Dupuytren disease in The Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanting, Rosanne; van den Heuvel, Edwin R; Westerink, Bram; Werker, Paul M N

    2013-08-01

    Dupuytren disease is a fibroproliferative disease of palmar fascias of the hand. The prevalence of Dupuytren disease and the association with potential risk factors have been the subject of several studies, although there is a paucity of such data from The Netherlands. To study the prevalence of Dupuytren disease, the authors drew a random sample of 1360 individuals, stratified by age, from the northern part of The Netherlands. Of this sample, 763 individuals aged 50 to 89 years participated in this cross-sectional study. The authors examined both hands for signs of Dupuytren disease, and a questionnaire was conducted to identify potential risk factors. The effects of these risk factors were investigated using logistic regression analysis. Additional analyses were performed to develop a logistic prediction model for the prevalence of Dupuytren disease. The prevalence of Dupuytren disease was 22.1 percent. Nodules and cords were seen in 17.9 percent, and flexion contractures were present in 4.2 percent of the study population. Prevalence increased with age, from 4.9 percent in participants aged 50 to 55 years to 52.6 percent among those aged 76 to 80 years. Men were more often affected than women; 26.4 percent versus 18.6 percent, respectively (p=0.007). Other significant risk factors were previous hand injury, excessive alcohol consumption, familial occurrence of Dupuytren disease, and presence of Ledderhose disease. The results show a high prevalence of Dupuytren disease in The Netherlands, particularly the nodular form. Using the developed logistic prediction model, the prevalence of Dupuytren disease can be estimated, based on the presence of significant risk factors. Risk, III.

  4. Bayesian modelling of Dupuytren disease by using Gaussian copula graphical models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mohammadi, Abdolreza; Abegaz, Fentaw; van den Heuvel, Edwin; Wit, Ernst C.

    Dupuytren disease is a fibroproliferative disorder with unknown aetiology that often progresses and eventually can cause permanent contractures of the fingers affected. We provide a computationally efficient Bayesian framework to discover potential risk factors and investigate which fingers are

  5. 50 years experience with Dupuytren's contracture in the Erlangen University Hospital – A retrospective analysis of 2919 operated hands from 1956 to 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puschkin Valerij

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dupuytren's disease (DD is a hand disorder mainly among the northern population. In contrast it is rare in the mediterranean population. Therefore typical habits and dietetic influences have been discussed as well as genetic predisposition. Still, since the first description by Dupuytren in 1834 only little is known about the etiology and pathogenesis of this disease. Some hints were found for a higher prevalence among people with diabetes, alcohol abuse or smoking. Also, intensive manual work or hand injuries have been discussed to have an influence on DD. To our knowledge this is the largest retrospectively evaluated series of symptomatic patients published to date. The study includes patients from the last 50 years. It was performed to show possible correlations between DD and typical risk factors such as diabetes, alcohol consumption, and smoking. Methods We retrospectively analysed all patient records with DD documented between 1956 and 2006 in the Surgical University Hospital in Erlangen. Data acquisition was conducted by reviewing the medical records from 1956 to 2006 including data from all patients who were surgically treated because of DD. Results We reviewed 2579 male and 340 female surgically treated patients with DD. More than 80% of the patients were between 40 and 70 years old. In 28.9% only the right hand was effected by DD, in 25.3% only the left hand and in 45.8% both hands. In 10.3% of all Patients suffered from Diabetes mellitus. Statistical analysis revealed no significant correlation between diabetes, alcoholism or smoking on the degree of DD in our patients. Conclusion Most data are consistent with previously published results from smaller, comparable retrospective studies with regard to right- or left handedness. We could not confirm a statistically significant correlation of DD with diabetes mellitus, severe alcohol consumption, heavy smoking or epilepsy and the stage of the disease as described in

  6. Prevalence of palmar fibromatosis with and without contracture in asymptomatic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diep, Gustave K; Agel, Julie; Adams, Julie E

    2015-01-01

    This retrospective study documents the proportion of hand clinic patients presenting with palmar fibromatosis with and without contracture. All "new" patients >18 years presenting to a single surgeon's hand clinic over a 16-month period were included, and information was abstracted from chart review regarding patient demographics, reason for presentation, presence or absence of palmar fibromatosis, contracture, and prior known diagnosis of Dupuytren's disease. The percentage of asymptomatic patients with palmar fibromatosis was calculated. Of 827 patients, 306 had palmar fibromatosis. Among all patients, 33% of male and 40% of female patients had palmar fibromatosis. Only 8% had contractures, while 92% had palmar fibromatosis without contracture. Among those who had contractures, 81% presented with a primary complaint of Dupuytren's disease (symptomatic contracture). Prevalence of palmar fibromatosis increased with increasing age. The findings demonstrate that Dupuytren's palmar fibromatosis is common and often present without overt contractures.

  7. Collagenase Treatment for Dupuytren Disease of the Thumb and First Web

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dreise, Marieke M.; Stenekes, Martin W.; Werker, Paul M. N.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the short-term effectiveness of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum to treat thumb and first web contractures in Dupuytren disease. Methods We prospectively included 14 thumbs in 12 patients with a contracture at the metacarpophalangeal or interphalangeal joint of at least 20 de

  8. Collagenase Treatment for Dupuytren Disease of the Thumb and First Web

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dreise, Marieke M.; Stenekes, Martin W.; Werker, Paul M. N.

    Purpose To evaluate the short-term effectiveness of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum to treat thumb and first web contractures in Dupuytren disease. Methods We prospectively included 14 thumbs in 12 patients with a contracture at the metacarpophalangeal or interphalangeal joint of at least 20

  9. A pilot study assessing the effectiveness of postoperative splinting after limited fasciectomy for Dupuytren's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kemler, M. A.; Houpt, P.; van der Horst, C. M. A. M.

    2012-01-01

    Before surgery for Dupuytren's contracture, 54 patients with a proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint flexion contractures of at least 30 degrees were randomized to receive either a 3-month splinting protocol together with hand therapy under the direct supervision of hand therapists, or the same hand

  10. Patterns of recontracture after surgical correction of Dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Joseph J; Singh, Harvinder Pal; Ullah, Aamer; Bhowal, Bhaskar; Thompson, John R

    2013-10-01

    To study the evolution of deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint over 5 years after good surgical correction of Dupuytren-induced contracture. We assessed 63 patients (72 fingers; 69 hands) with Dupuytren disease for the degree of contracture, its correction after surgery, and the range of movement at the proximal interphalangeal joints at 3 and 6 months, and 1, 3, and 5 years after fasciectomy with or without the use of a firebreak graft. We investigated associations between the recurrence of contracture and preoperative patient and surgical factors. There were 4 patterns of evolution of contracture after surgical correction. A total of 31 patients (33 hands) showed good improvement that was maintained for 5 years (minimal recontracture group). Twenty patients (23 hands) showed good initial improvement, which mildly worsened ( 20°) but there was no further worsening (severe early recontracture group). Eight patients (8 hands) worsened progressively over 5 years (progressive recontracture group). Worsening of contracture more than 6° between 3 and 6 months after surgery predicted progressive recontracture at 5 years. Recurrence of contracture (not disease recurrence) could be predicted as early as 6 months after surgery for Dupuytren disease. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. [Manifestation of Dupuytren nodules following fracture of the distal radius].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wichelhaus, Alice; Wendt, M; Mielsch, N; Gradl, G; Mittlmeier, T

    2015-02-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of post-traumatic development of Dupuytren nodules in distal radius fractures treated operatively. In 2 prospective randomised studies for operative treatment of distal radius fractures, the formation of Dupuytren nodules was registered. One of the exclusion criteria was a pre-existing Dupuytren's disease at the date of trauma. In addition to the notification of the development of Dupuytren nodules, signs of a complex regional pain syndrome were registered as well as the wrist function, level of pain and grip strength. The Castaing and the Gartland and Werley scores were assessed. The clinical outcomes of patients with and without Dupuytren nodules were compared. 239 of 275 (87%) of the patients could be examined 1 year after the operation, consisting of 32 men and 207 women with a median age of 64.2 years. The patients with Dupuytren nodules were re-evaluated after 16-60 months (median 41.8) for progression of the disease. 21 patients (8.7%) developed changes of the palmar aponeurosis. In 20 patients nodules were stated, one patient showed a cord at the fourth ray of the injured hand. 19 out of 21 patients were female (90.5%). At re-evaluation after 41.8 months (16-60) progression could not be noted nor could similar changes be seen on the contralateral side. Patients with Dupuytren nodules were not handicapped in their hand function. 3 patients (14.3%) revealed a positive family history for Dupuytren's disease. Abuse of alcohol or diabetes was not present in any of the patients with Dupuytren nodules, 7 (33%) were smokers. The occurrence of Dupyutren nodules can be triggered by a trauma or operation. It may be speculated that these nodules are an entity of their own as no progression of the contracture could be seen during the follow-up period. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  12. Contracture deformity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deformity - contracture ... Contracture can be caused by any of the following: Brain and nervous system disorders, such as cerebral ... Follow your health care provider's instructions for treating contracture at home. Treatments may include: Doing exercises and ...

  13. Dupuytren in a Child: Rare Presentation of a Rare Clinical Entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spyropoulou, Georgia-Alexandra; Pavlidis, Leonidas; Mylothridis, Panagiotis; Zaraboukas, Thomas; Demiri, Efterpi

    2016-12-01

    Dupuytren disease in children younger than 10 years is rare and only 8 histologically proven cases have been reported. A histologically proven Dupuytren disease in a 10-year-old with an uncommon clinical presentation as a nodule on the radial side of the middle phalanx of the little finger is documented. Dupuytren's disease should be in the differential diagnosis in cases of nodules and contractures in the palm and fingers of children. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Low second to fourth digit ratio in Dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokoi, Takuya; Uemura, Takuya; Kazuki, Kenichi; Onode, Ema; Shintani, Kosuke; Okada, Mitsuhiro; Nakamura, Hiroaki

    2017-08-01

    The ratio of the lengths of the second and fourth digits (2D:4D) has been described as reflecting endogenous prenatal androgen exposure. In general, 2D:4D is lower in men than in women and has potential as a biomarker or predictor for various diseases, athletic ability, and academic performance. Dupuytren disease has digital flexion contractures and is known to predominate in men, but the pathogenesis of the disease remains unclear. To clarify the relationships between Dupuytren disease and endogenous androgens, we performed a retrospective analysis of hand radiographs to investigate 2D:4D in Dupuytren disease. The study included male patients with Dupuytren disease (n = 22) and a control group (n = 18) of male patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. Only unaffected hands, without contractures or osteoarthritis, were evaluated for the purpose of radiographic assessment. The lengths of the phalanx and metacarpal bones in the second and fourth digits were measured by 2 independent observers who each performed 2 sets of measurements separated by a minimum 1-week interval. The 2D:4D was calculated separately for the phalanges and metacarpals, and a combined (phalanx + metacarpal) 2D:4D was also calculated. The reliability of the observer measurements was established using the intraclass correlation coefficient, and both the intra- and interobserver reliability showed excellent agreement. We found that compared with control group, the Dupuytren disease group had significantly lower phalanx and combined 2D:4D. These findings suggest that endogenous prenatal androgens could contribute to the development of Dupuytren disease, leading to its characteristic clinical presentation predominantly in men and affecting the ulnar rays.

  15. Advances in the management of Dupuytren disease: collagenase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hentz, Vincent R; Watt, Andrew J; Desai, Shaunak S; Curtin, Catherine

    2012-11-01

    Dupuytren disease (DD) is a benign, generally painless connective tissue disorder affecting the palmar fascia that leads to progressive hand contractures. Mediated by myofibroblasts, the disease most commonly begins as a nodule in the palm or finger, and can progress where pathologic cords form leading to progressive flexion deformity of the involved fingers. The palmar skin overlying the cords may become excessively calloused and contracted and involved joints may develop periarticular fibrosis. Although there is no cure, the sequellae of this affliction can be corrected. This article focuses on the role of collagen in DD and the development of a collagen-specific enzymatic treatment for DD contractures.

  16. Involvement of the Interosseous and Lumbrical Muscle-Tendon Units in the Lateral and Spiral Cords in Dupuytren's Disease of the Middle Fingers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoma, Achilleas; Karpinski, Marta

    2017-07-01

    The nature of intrinsic muscle involvement in Dupuytren's disease of the middle fingers (long and ring) remains poorly characterized. Over the years, the authors have observed that both the spiral and lateral digital cords in the middle fingers receive contribution from intrinsic muscle-tendon units. This report describes the anatomical characteristics and frequency of intrinsic muscle-tendon unit involvement in Dupuytren's disease of the middle fingers. Intrinsic muscle involvement in the middle digits was recorded in the operative reports of patients undergoing Dupuytren's surgery between October of 2013 and February of 2016. The anatomical variations of diseased fascia were delineated and classified. Of the 113 digits with Dupuytren's contracture operated on during this period, 52 involved the middle fingers (12 long and 40 ring fingers). Intrinsic muscles were found to be involved in the contracture of 14 of these digits. Two unique contracture patterns were identified: type I contracture, which involves a lateral digital cord originating from intrinsic muscle-tendon units and contracting only the proximal interphalangeal joint; and type II contracture, which involves a spiral cord receiving contribution from intrinsic muscle-tendon units and contracting both the metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints. The frequency of type I and type II contractures was 6 percent and 12 percent, respectively. Intrinsic hand muscles may contribute to Dupuytren's disease in the middle digits, and the authors suggest resecting cords as close as possible to their musculotendinous origin to improve postoperative outcomes.

  17. 对比掌腱膜部分切除术与掌腱膜切除加受累皮肤切除、皮肤移植术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症的临床效果%Clinical Effect Comparison of Palmar Aponeurosis Partial Resection, Palmar Aponeurosis Resection with Involved Skin Resection and Skin Transplantation in Treatment of Dupuytren's Contracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁运海; 董明; 刘东; 闻梓钧

    2015-01-01

    目的:对比掌腱膜部分切除术与掌腱膜切除加受累皮肤、皮肤移植术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症患者的临床疗效。方法筛选2008年1月至2013年1月我院收治的掌腱膜挛缩症患者56例,作为研究对象。采用随机数表法将其分为试验组与对照组,每组28例,对照组单纯应用掌腱膜部分切除术治疗,试验组采用掌腱膜切除联合受累皮肤切除、皮肤移植术用于治疗掌腱膜挛缩症,比较两组患者术后并发症并通过随访复查统计其临床疗效。结果随访复查显示对照组复发11例,试验组复发3例,两组术后复发率比较存在显著差异;试验组术后并发症皮下血肿1例,手指麻木1例,治疗总有效率92.86%,明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论采用掌腱膜切除联合受累皮肤切除、皮肤移植用于治疗掌腱膜挛缩症可显著提升其临床疗效,降低术后复发率及手术并发症,具有临床应用及推广价值。%Objective To compare the curative efifciency of palmar aponeurosis partial resection, palmar aponeurosis resection with involved skin resection and skin transplantation in treatment of Dupuytren's contracture. Methods Selected 56 Dupuytren's contracture patients who were treated from 2005 January to 2013 January in our hospital as the research object. They were randomly divided into the experimental group and control group, with 28 cases in each group, the control group was treated with palmar aponeurosis partial resection, the experiment group adopted the palmar aponeurosis resection with involved skin resection and skin transplantation to treat Dupuytren's contracture, counted curative effect through comparing complications and follow-up review after operation. Results The follow-up examination showed that there were 11 recurrence in the control group and 3 cases in experimental group, two groups’ postoperative recurrence rate were signiifcant difference;there was 1 case

  18. Surgical treatment of Dupuytren's disease - outcome and health economy in relation to smoking and diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckerdal, David; Nivestam, Axel; Dahlin, Lars B

    2014-04-02

    The conventional treatment for Dupuytren's disease is surgery. The introduction of alternative treatment strategies creates a need to track outcomes and costs relating to surgical treatment and risk factors, such as smoking and diabetes. This was the aim of the present study. In a prospective study, the outcome of open surgical treatment for finger flexion contracture in Dupuytren's disease (175 patients; 182 surgical procedures) was studied by evaluating valid QuickDASH forms answered by subjects before surgery and one year postoperatively. Data were also obtained from medical records, and preoperative declarations concerning health. In all subjects (median [25% - 75% percentiles] age 68 [62-73]), the QuickDASH score improved from 22 [9-36] to 5 [0-18]. Smokers (27/179 procedures) were younger and had a more severe degree of disease and dysfunction preoperatively than non-smokers, but the outcome of surgery did not differ between the groups. Subjects with diabetes (20/181 procedures) were younger than those without diabetes, but their disease severity or outcome did not differ. Hand specialists operated faster than residents, but the surgical outcome did not differ. Healthcare costs for surgery for Dupuytren's contracture were $ 2392 (€ 1859), which were not higher among smokers or subjects with diabetes. Only 22 patients remained in hospital (2 [1-2.3] days) and 28 patients needed sick leave (28 [21-31] days). The occurrence of necrosis of skin flaps (12%) or infections (6%) was no more frequent among smokers or those with diabetes. There is no difference in surgical outcome for finger flexion contracture in Dupuytren's disease between smokers and non-smokers or between subjects with or without diabetes, although smokers had more severe preoperative contracture. The costs for surgical treatment for finger flexion contracture in Dupuytren's disease should be viewed in relation to that for other treatment strategies.

  19. [Baron Gijom Dipitren, Guillaume Dupuytren (1777-1835)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bumbasirević, Marko Z; Palibrk, Tomislav; Lesić, Aleksandar R; Durasić, Ljubomir M

    2011-01-01

    Baron Dupuytren, Guillaume (1777-1835), French anatomist, pathologyst and surgeon, although was a personal doctor of Napoleon, Lui XVI and Sharles X, remain known for Dupuytrene contracture, due to his name, after he described this disease of palmar fascia in 1833. He started his education at Paris at age of 12, at 18 he was chief demostrator of anatomist prosectors. In 1802. he become surgeon assistant and in 1812 professor of surgery. At age of 38 he become surgeon-in-chief in Hôtel-Dieu the most famous hospital in Europe of that time. Dipitren was a dostor of Lui VIII, who gave him the title of baron in 1823. Also, he was the doctor of Sharles X, and from Napoleon he was decorated by Legue of the Honour. He was the richest doctor of the France, and that time was named Dupuytrens time. He was working the whole day, and was dealing with all parts of surgery, but he become most prominent in orthopaedics, making connections between anatomy, pathology and surgery, what make him popular and famous. Dupuytren dies in age of 58 due to the pleural empyema, but he refused surgery. Before that he had brain stroke, from which he never recover, although he continue with lectures.

  20. Volkmann ischemic contracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ischemic contracture - Volkmann; Compartment syndrome - Volkmann ischemic contracture ... Volkmann contracture occurs when there is a lack of blood flow (ischemia) to the forearm. This occurs when there ...

  1. Recognition, diagnosis and referral of patients with Dupuytren's disease : a review of current concepts for general practitioners in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, Dilaine; Finigan, Peter; Gerber, Robert A.; Szczypa, Piotr P.; Werker, Paul M. N.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a fairly prevalent yet under-recognised disorder of the palmar fascia, resulting in fixed-flexion contractures of joints in the hand. Numerous population-based studies have been conducted in countries around the world, and published prevalence estimates vary w

  2. Plantar fibromatosis and Dupuytren’s contracture in an adolescent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolić Jelena

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Fibromatosis represents a wide group of benign, locally proliferative disorders of fibroblasts. Dupuytren` s disease is a benign proliferative disease of palmar aponeurosis which usually affects adults between 40 and 60 years of age. Ledderhose`s disease or plantar fibromatosis is plantar equivalent of Dupuyten`s disease most often affecting middle- aged and older men, usually bilateral, represented with painless nodule in the medial division of plantar fascia. Case report. We presented a 19-year old adolescent that turned to a plastic surgeon complaining to his small finger contracture. He noticed palmar thickening with nodule over the metacarpophalangeal joint of small finger of his right hand when he was 16 years old. A year later a finger started to band. During physical checkup we noticed plantar nodule that also had his father and grandmother. Magnetic resonance and tumor biopsy confirmed a suspicion on plantar fibromatosis - Ledderhose`s disease. Clinical exam of the hand clearly led to a conclusion that the patient had Dupuytren`s contracture with pretendinous cord over the small finger flexor tendons and lack of extension of proximal interphalangeal (PIP joint. On the extensor side of the PIP joints there were Garrod`s nodes. The patient refused surgical treatment of plantar tumor, but agreed to surgical correction of finger contracture. Conclusion. Despite the fact that Dupuytren`s disease and plantar fibromatosis are diseases of adults, the possibility of conjoint appearance of these forms of fibromatosis in adolescent period of life should be kept in mind especially in patients with strong genetic predisposition.

  3. Enfermedad de Dupuytren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Badilla-Mora

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Desde que fue descrita por primera vez en el Hotel Dieu, en París, por el Dr. Guilliaume Dupuytren, durante una de sus famosas conferencias en 1832, el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la contractura de Dupuytren han permanecido sin cambio alguno a lo largo del tiempo. A pesar de que esta enfermedad afecta usualmente a individuos del noroeste europeo, y por ende es bastante rara en la sociedad latina, es importante reconocer los signos que definen la contractura y correlacionarlos con los factores predisponentes y los de riesgo. Se evitará así confundirla con otras enfermedades que comprometen la mano y al hacer un diagnóstico correcto, el paciente será referido en el momento adecuado, para su corrección quirúrgica

  4. Dupuytren disease: on our way to a cure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degreef, Ilse; De Smet, Luc

    2013-06-01

    Despite its high prevalence, the clinical presentation and severity of Dupuytren disease is extremely variable. The disease features a broad spectrum of symptoms, from simple nodules without the slightest clinical impact towards an extremely disabling form requiring multiple surgical procedures, sometimes even partial hand amputations. Recurrence after surgery is considered a failure for both patient and surgeon, but its definition is vague. The term 'recontracture' was coined by a patient and reflects the disappointment of recurrent disease. Wether or not a treatment option will insure a definite result, may depend more on the severity of the disease, which is patient specific, than on the treatment method itself. If a patient presents with Dupuytren disease, one should not merely evaluate his hands. Different clinical and personal history features may uncover a severe fibrosis diathesis and both correct information to the patient and an individualized treatment plan are needed. In the near future, a simple genetic test may help to identify patients at risk. Similar to the evolving knowledge and treatment modalities seen in rheumatoid arthritis, treatment of Dupuytren disease is likely to advance in the direction of disease control with pharmacotherapy and single shot minimal invasive enzymatic fasciotomy with collagenase to correct established contractures.

  5. Patterns of Dupuytren disease in fingers: studying correlations with a multivariate ordinal logit model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanting, Rosanne; Nooraee, Nazanin; Werker, Paul M N; van den Heuvel, Edwin R

    2014-09-01

    Dupuytren disease affects fingers in a variable fashion. Knowledge about specific disease patterns (phenotype) based on location and severity of the disease is lacking. In this cross-sectional study, 344 primary affected hands with Dupuytren disease were physically examined. The Pearson correlation coefficient between the coexistence of Dupuytren disease in pairs of fingers was calculated, and agglomerative hierarchical clustering was applied to identify possible clusters of affected fingers. With a multivariate ordinal logit model, the authors studied the correlation on severity, taking into account age and sex, and tested hypotheses on independence between groups of fingers. The ring finger was most frequently affected by Dupuytren disease, and contractures were seen in 15.1 percent of affected rays. The severity of thumb and index finger, middle and ring fingers, and middle and little fingers was significantly correlated. Occurrences in pairs of fingers were highest in the middle and ring fingers and lowest in the thumb and index finger. Correlation between the ring and little fingers and a correlation between fingers from the ulnar and radial sides could not be demonstrated. Rays on the ulnar side of the hand are predominantly affected. The middle finger is substantially correlated with other fingers on the ulnar side, and the thumb and index finger are correlated; however, there was no evidence that the ulnar side and the radial side were correlated in any way, which suggests that occurrence on one side of the hand does not predict Dupuytren disease on the other side of the hand. Risk, III.

  6. Skin involvement in Dupuytren's disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Wade, R.; Igali, L; Figus, A

    2016-01-01

    Whether the palmar skin has a role in the development, propagation or recurrence of Dupuytren's disease remains unclear. Clinical assessment for skin involvement is difficult and its correlation with histology uncertain. We prospectively biopsied the palmar skin of consecutive patients undergoing single digit fasciectomy (for primary Dupuytren's disease without clinically involved skin) and dermofasciectomy (for clinically involved skin or recurrence) in order to investigate this relationship...

  7. Behandling af Dupuytrens kontraktur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raundrup Kornø, Maj; Søe, Niels Henrik; Dahlin, Lars B

    2015-01-01

    Dupuytren’s disease treatment Dupuytren’s disease is a hereditary fibroproliferative disease commonly affecting the palmar fascia of the hand, which results in progressive and irreversibly fixed flexion contractures of the hand. It may occur in the sole of the foot or in the penis. Gen­erally, tr......Dupuytren’s disease treatment Dupuytren’s disease is a hereditary fibroproliferative disease commonly affecting the palmar fascia of the hand, which results in progressive and irreversibly fixed flexion contractures of the hand. It may occur in the sole of the foot or in the penis. Gen...

  8. Guillaume Dupuytren: his life and surgical contributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzer, Lukas A; de Parades, Vincent; Holzer, Gerold

    2013-10-01

    Guillaume Dupuytren (1777-1835) was one of the most influential surgeons of the past. He described and popularized many conditions, including Dupuytren disease, which continues to carry his name. This article reviews Guillaume Dupuytren's life and his contributions in surgery.

  9. A comparison of percutaneous needle fasciotomy and collagenase injection for dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nydick, Jason A; Olliff, Bailee W; Garcia, Michael J; Hess, Alfred V; Stone, Jeffrey D

    2013-12-01

    To compare percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) with collagenase injection in the treatment of Dupuytren contracture. A retrospective review was performed for patients with Dupuytren disease treated with PNF or collagenase. Range of motion, patient satisfaction, and complications were recorded. There were 29 patients in the collagenase group with mean baseline contractures of 40° for 22 affected metacarpophalangeal joints and 50° for 12 affected proximal interphalangeal joints. The PNF group was composed of 30 patients with mean baseline contractures of 37° for 32 affected metacarpophalangeal joints and 41° for 18 affected proximal interphalangeal joints. All patients were observed for a minimum of 3 months. Clinical success (reduction of contracture within 0° to 5° of normal) was accomplished in 35 of 50 joints (67%) in the PNF group and in 19 of 34 joints (56%) in the collagenase group. Patient satisfaction was similar between groups. Only minor complications were observed, including skin tears, ecchymosis, edema, pruritus, and lymphadenopathy. In the short term, both PNF and collagenase have similar clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction. Therapeutic III. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Extensive percutaneous aponeurotomy and lipografting: a new treatment for Dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hovius, Steven E R; Kan, Hester J; Smit, Xander; Selles, Ruud W; Cardoso, Eufimiano; Khouri, Roger K

    2011-07-01

    Surgical resection of Dupuytren contracture is fraught with morbidity and prolonged recovery. This article introduces a novel minimally invasive alternative for Dupuytren disease and its outcome. The procedure consists of an extensive percutaneous aponeurotomy that completely disintegrates the cord and separates it from the dermis. Subsequently, the resultant loosened structure is grafted with autologous lipoaspirate. After 1 week of postoperative extension splinting, patients are allowed normal hand use and are advised to use night splints for 3 to 6 months. The authors treated and report on their experience with 91 patients (99 hands) operated on in Miami and Rotterdam; from 50 patients, the authors report on goniometry (average follow-up, 44 weeks). The contracture from the proximal interphalangeal joint improved significantly from 61 degrees to 27 degrees, and contracture from the metacarpophalangeal joint improved from 37 degrees to -5 degrees. Ninety-four percent of patients returned to normal use of the hand within 2 to 4 weeks and 95 percent were very satisfied with the result. No new scars were added, and a supple palmar fat pad was mostly restored. Complications were digital nerve injury in one patient, postoperative wound infection in one patient, and complex regional pain syndrome in four patients. This new minimally invasive technique shortens recovery time, adds to the deficient subcutaneous fat, and leads to scarless supple skin. By its ability to treat multiple rays, it addresses the abnormality in the entire hand. The procedure is safe and effective, especially for primary cases. Currently, comparative prospective randomized studies are in process to fully determine its role in the treatment of Dupuytren contracture. Therapeutic, IV.(Figure is included in full-text article.).

  11. Scientific understanding and clinical management of Dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Barbara; Bayat, Ardeshir

    2010-12-01

    Dupuytren disease (DD) is a fibroproliferative disorder of unknown etiology that often results in shortening and thickening of the palmar fascia, leading to permanent and irreversible flexion contracture of the digits. This Review provides a detailed update of the scientific understanding of DD and its clinical management, with perspectives on emerging research and therapy. Established risk factors include genetic predisposition and ethnicity, as well as sex and age. Several environmental risk factors (some considered controversial) include smoking, alcohol intake, trauma, diabetes, epilepsy and use of anticonvulsant drugs, and exposure to vibration. DD has been variously attributed to the presence of oxygen free radicals, trauma to the palmar fascia, or aberrant immune responses with altered antigen presentation, or to interactions between these proposed mechanisms. The presence of immune cells and related phenomena in DD-affected tissue suggests that DD is possibly immune-related. Mechanically, digital contracture is caused by myofibroblasts in the DD palmar fascia; however, the exact origin of this cell type remains unknown. The mainstay of treatment is surgical release or excision of the affected palmodigital tissue, but symptoms often recur. Nonsurgical correction of DD contractures can be achieved by Clostridium histolyticum collagenase injection, although the long-term safety and recurrence rate of this procedure requires further assessment.

  12. Dupuytren disease: an evolving understanding of an age-old disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Eric M; Blazar, Philip E

    2011-12-01

    Dupuytren disease, a clinical entity originally described more than 400 years ago, is a progressive disease of genetic origin. Excessive myofibroblast proliferation and altered collagen matrix composition lead to thickened and contracted palmar fascia; the resultant digital flexion contractures may severely limit function. The pathophysiology is multifactorial and remains a topic of research and debate. Genetic predisposition, trauma, inflammatory response, ischemia, and environment, as well as variable expression of proteins and growth factors within the local tissue, all play a role in the disease process. Common treatments of severe disease include open fasciectomy or fasciotomy. These procedures may be complicated by the complex anatomic relationships between cords (pathologic contracted fascia) and adjacent neurovascular structures. Recent advances in the management of Dupuytren disease involve less invasive treatments, such as percutaneous needle fasciotomy and injectable collagenase Clostridium histolyticum. Postoperative management focuses on minimizing the cellular response of cord disruption and maximizing range of motion through static or dynamic extension splinting.

  13. Identification of histological patterns in clinically affected and unaffected palm regions in dupuytren's disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo-Andrés Alfonso-Rodríguez

    Full Text Available Dupuytren's disease is a fibro-proliferative disease characterized by a disorder of the extracellular matrix (ECM and high myofibroblast proliferation. However, studies failed to determine if the whole palm fascia is affected by the disease. The objective of this study was to analyze several components of the extracellular matrix of three types of tissues-Dupuytren's diseased contracture cords (DDC, palmar fascia clinically unaffected by Dupuytren's disease contracture (NPF, and normal forehand fascia (NFF. Histological analysis, quantification of cells recultured from each type of tissue, mRNA microarrays and immunohistochemistry for smooth muscle actin (SMA, fibrillar ECM components and non-fibrillar ECM components were carried out. The results showed that DDC samples had abundant fibrosis with reticular fibers and few elastic fibers, high cell proliferation and myofibroblasts, laminin and glycoproteins, whereas NFF did not show any of these findings. Interestingly, NPF tissues had more cells showing myofibroblasts differentiation and more collagen and reticular fibers, laminin and glycoproteins than NFF, although at lower level than DDC, with similar elastic fibers than DDC. Immunohistochemical expression of decorin was high in DDC, whereas versican was highly expressed NFF, with no differences for aggrecan. Cluster analysis revealed that the global expression profile of NPF was very similar to DDC, and reculturing methods showed that cells corresponding to DDC tissues proliferated more actively than NPF, and NPF more actively than NFF. All these results suggest that NPF tissues may be affected, and that a modification of the therapeutic approach used for the treatment of Dupuytren's disease should be considered.

  14. Contracture deformity (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A contracture is a fixed tightening of muscle, tendons, ligaments, or skin. It prevents normal movement of the associated ... injury such as a severe burn can cause contracture of the skin. The skin becomes scarred and ...

  15. Dupuytren diathesis and genetic risk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dolmans, Guido H; de Bock, Geertruida H; Werker, Paul M

    2012-01-01

    PURPOSE: Dupuytren disease (DD) is a benign fibrosing disorder of the hand and fingers. Recently, we identified 9 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with DD in a genome-wide association study. These SNPs can be used to calculate a genetic risk score for DD. The aim of this study was

  16. Dupuytren diathesis and genetic risk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dolmans, Guido H; de Bock, Geertruida H; Werker, Paul M

    2012-01-01

    PURPOSE: Dupuytren disease (DD) is a benign fibrosing disorder of the hand and fingers. Recently, we identified 9 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with DD in a genome-wide association study. These SNPs can be used to calculate a genetic risk score for DD. The aim of this study was t

  17. Collagenase Treatment for Dupuytren Disease of the Thumb and First Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreise, Marieke M; Stenekes, Martin W; Werker, Paul M N

    2016-03-01

    To evaluate the short-term effectiveness of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum to treat thumb and first web contractures in Dupuytren disease. We prospectively included 14 thumbs in 12 patients with a contracture at the metacarpophalangeal or interphalangeal joint of at least 20° with a palpable cord in the thumb (n = 8) or an adduction contracture of the thumb with palpable cords in the first web (n = 6). They received an injection containing 0.58 mg of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum in the fibrous cord divided over 3 spots. The contracture was released by carefully manipulating the thumb under local anesthesia 1 day later. The extension and abduction deficits were measured before and after the intervention (follow-up at 7 and 30 days and 6 months). Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the data. In the total sample, postintervention extension deficits were statistically significantly lower than preintervention deficits except in one patient who had a recurrence at 6 months compared with the 30-day posttreatment result. Intermetacarpophalangeal head distance (IMD) also improved significantly. In an analysis of subgroups, we compared the separate contributions of treatment of a pretendinous cord and a first web cord on both extension deficit and IMD. Treatment of pretendinous cords significantly affected both extension deficit and IMD. However, treatment of first web contractures did not significantly improve extension or IMD. Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum is a good treatment option for pretendinous cords in thumbs affected with Dupuytren disease because it provides good results, is minimally invasive, and has minor adverse events. Therapeutic IV. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. A survey of clinical manifestations and risk factors in women with Dupuytren's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degreef, Ilse; Steeno, Pieter; De Smet, Luc

    2008-08-01

    Dupuytren's disease is very common, with a prevalence of up to 40% in the Scandinavian population. Although many epidemiological surveys have been conducted, little is known about its aetiology. Multiple risk factors in Dupuytren's disease have been identified. About 80% of the affected patients are male. Even though recent data suggest similar outcome after surgical treatment in the female patient, recurrence after surgery is more frequent. To assess Dupuytren's disease in women, a record analysis and a survey of risk factors was conducted in 130 female patients surgically treated at our institution between 1988 and 2005. With a response rate of 52%, 65 women were included (6 patients were confirmed dead). The mean age of onset of the disease was 50 years and 6 months. After a mean follow-up of 7 years and 7 months (2y1m to 21y9m), recurrent disease after surgery was reported in 42%. Bilateral disease was present in 54%, unilateral in 26% right and 20% left hands. The fifth finger was involved in 77%, the 4th finger in 48% and the 1st ray in 14%. Ectopic lesions were seen in 19%, with a positive family history in 55%. Only one patient had a confirmed alcohol abuse; 22% were smokers. There were 32% manual workers. Shoulder pain was present in 54% of the patients, with confirmed diagnosis of frozen shoulder syndrome in 45%. High cholesterol was diagnosed in 39% and only 6% had diabetes. Epilepsy was seen in 5%. High disease recurrence and factors related to an aggressive course of the disease are present in female patients with Dupuytren's contracture, with a high family history occurrence, bilateral disease and associated Ledderhose disease. Several known risk factors were present: high cholesterol, smoking and manual work. Frozen shoulder showed a very high prevalence in women with Dupuytren's disease.

  19. The effect of a therapy protocol for increasing correction of severely contracted proximal interphalangeal joints caused by dupuytren disease and treated with collagenase injection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skirven, Terri M; Bachoura, Abdo; Jacoby, Sidney M; Culp, Randall W; Osterman, A Lee

    2013-04-01

    To determine the effect of a specific orthotic intervention and therapy protocol on proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint contractures of greater than 40° caused by Dupuytren disease and treated with collagenase injections. All patients with PIP joints contracted at least 40° by Dupuytren disease were prospectively invited to participate in the study. Following standard collagenase injection and cord rupture by a hand surgeon, a certified hand therapist evaluated and treated each patient based on a defined treatment protocol that consisted of orthotic intervention to address residual PIP joint contracture. In addition, exercises were initiated emphasizing reverse blocking for PIP joint extension and distal interphalangeal joint flexion exercises with the PIP joint held in extension to lengthen a frequently shortened oblique retinacular ligament. Patients were assessed before injection, immediately after injection, and 1 and 4 weeks later. There were 22 fingers in 21 patients. The mean age at treatment was 63 years (range, 37-80 y). The mean baseline passive PIP joint contracture was 56° (range, 40° to 80°). At cord rupture, the mean PIP joint contracture became 22° (range, 0° to 55°). One week after cord rupture and therapy, the contracture decreased further to a mean of 12° (range, 0° to 36°). By 4 weeks, the mean contracture was 7° (range, 0° to 35°). The differences in PIP joint contracture were statistically significant at all time points except when comparing the means at 1 week and 4 weeks. The results represent an 88% improvement of the PIP joint contracture. In the short term, it appears that severe PIP joint contractures benefit from specific, postinjection orthotic intervention and targeted exercises. Therapeutic IV. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Prevalence of Dupuytren Disease in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanting, Rosanne; van den Heuvel, Edwin R; Westerink, Bram; Werker, Paul M N

    Background: Dupuytren disease is a fibroproliferative disease of palmar fascias of the hand. The prevalence of Dupuytren disease and the association with potential risk factors have been the subject of several studies, although there is a paucity of such data from The Netherlands. Methods: To study

  1. Prevalence of Dupuytren Disease in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanting, Rosanne; van den Heuvel, Edwin R; Westerink, Bram; Werker, Paul M N

    2013-01-01

    Background: Dupuytren disease is a fibroproliferative disease of palmar fascias of the hand. The prevalence of Dupuytren disease and the association with potential risk factors have been the subject of several studies, although there is a paucity of such data from The Netherlands. Methods: To study

  2. Genetic and environmental influences in Dupuytren's disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Søren; Krogsgaard, D G; Larsen, Lisbeth Aagaard;

    2015-01-01

    We aimed to assess the relative contribution of genes and environment in the aetiology of Dupuytren's disease by studying Danish twins born between 1870 and 2000. Twins with a diagnosis (n = 365) and the subgroup who also had an operation (n = 259) after 1977 were identified through linkage...... is involved. The number of concordant male twin pairs with Dupuytren's disease was 17 and 7 (monozygotic and dizygotic pairs, respectively), compared with 60 and 174 discordant monozygotic and dizygotic pairs, yielding probandwise concordance rates of 0.37 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.26 to 0.50) and 0.......07 (95% CI: 0.04 to 0.14), respectively. The heritability of Dupuytren's disease was approximately 80%. We conclude that genetic factors play a major role in the development of Dupuytren's disease....

  3. Painful nodules and cords in Dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Campe, A; Mende, K; Omaren, H; Meuli-Simmen, C

    2012-07-01

    The etiology of Dupuytren disease is unclear. Pain is seldom described in the literature. Patients are more often disturbed by impaired extension of the fingers. We recently treated a series of patients who had had painful nodules for more than 1 year, and we therefore decided to investigate them for a possible anatomical correlate. Biopsies were taken during surgery from patients with Dupuytren disease and stained to enable detection of neuronal tissue. We treated 17 fingers in 10 patients. Intraoperatively, 10 showed tiny nerve branches passing into or crossing the fibrous bands or nodules. Of 13 biopsies, 6 showed nerve fibers embedded in fibrous tissue, 3 showed perineural or intraneural fibrosis or both, and 3 showed true neuromas. Enlarged Pacinian corpuscles were isolated from 1 sample. All patients were pain free after surgery. Although Dupuytren disease is generally considered painless, we treated a series of early stage patients with painful disease. Intraoperative inspection and histological examination of tissue samples showed that nerve tissue was involved in all cases. The pain might have been due to local nerve compression by the fibromatosis or the Dupuytren disease itself. We, therefore, suggest that the indication for surgery in Dupuytren disease be extended to painful nodules for more than 1 year, even in the early stages of the disease in the absence of functional deficits, with assessment of tissue samples for histological changes in nerves. Copyright © 2012 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Periostin differentially induces proliferation, contraction and apoptosis of primary Dupuytren's disease and adjacent palmar fascia cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vi, Linda; Feng, Lucy; Zhu, Rebecca D.; Wu, Yan [Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Hand and Upper Limb Centre, London, Ontario (Canada); Lawson Health Research Institute, London, Ontario (Canada); Satish, Latha [Center for Genomic Sciences, Allegheny-Singer Research Institute, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Gan, Bing Siang [Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Hand and Upper Limb Centre, London, Ontario (Canada); Lawson Health Research Institute, London, Ontario (Canada); Department of Surgery, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); O' Gorman, David B., E-mail: dogorman@uwo.ca [Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Hand and Upper Limb Centre, London, Ontario (Canada); Lawson Health Research Institute, London, Ontario (Canada); Department of Surgery, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Department of Biochemistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada)

    2009-12-10

    Dupuytren's disease, (DD), is a fibroproliferative condition of the palmar fascia in the hand, typically resulting in permanent contracture of one or more fingers. This fibromatosis is similar to scarring and other fibroses in displaying excess collagen secretion and contractile myofibroblast differentiation. In this report we expand on previous data demonstrating that POSTN mRNA, which encodes the extra-cellular matrix protein periostin, is up-regulated in Dupuytren's disease cord tissue relative to phenotypically normal palmar fascia. We demonstrate that the protein product of POSTN, periostin, is abundant in Dupuytren's disease cord tissue while little or no periostin immunoreactivity is evident in patient-matched control tissues. The relevance of periostin up-regulation in DD was assessed in primary cultures of cells derived from diseased and phenotypically unaffected palmar fascia from the same patients. These cells were grown in type-1 collagen-enriched culture conditions with or without periostin addition to more closely replicate the in vivo environment. Periostin was found to differentially regulate the apoptosis, proliferation, {alpha} smooth muscle actin expression and stressed Fibroblast Populated Collagen Lattice contraction of these cell types. We hypothesize that periostin, secreted by disease cord myofibroblasts into the extra-cellular matrix, promotes the transition of resident fibroblasts in the palmar fascia toward a myofibroblast phenotype, thereby promoting disease progression.

  5. Open palm technique in Dupuytren's disease treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Carpi Malta

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of the open palm technique for the treatment of Dupuytren's disease. METHOD: The authors used the technique described by McCash. Twelve patients (13 hands were surgically treated, between october 2002 and september 2011. RESULTS: The wounds healed in a medium of 25 days (variation of 17 to 30 days. There were no complications, such as infection, haematoma formation, skin necrosis, residual edema. CONCLUSION: The open palm technique remains a safe alternative for the treatment of Dupuytren's disease, with satisfactory results and low risk of complications.

  6. Dupuytren Disease: Is There Enough Comprehensive Patient Information on the Internet?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuk, Grzegorz; Reinisch, Katharina B; Raptis, Dimitri A; Fertsch, Sonia; Guggenheim, Merlin; Palma, Adrian F

    2017-06-22

    Dupuytren disease is a chronic nonmalign fibroproliferative disorder that causes finger contractures via proliferation of new tissue under the glabrous skin of the hand, resulting in multiple functional limitations for the patient. As many surgical therapy options exist, patients suffering from this condition actively search for information in their environment before consulting a health professional. As little is known about the quality of Web-based patient information, the aim of this study was to conduct its systematic evaluation using a validated tool. A total of 118 websites were included, and qualitative and quantitative assessment was performed using the modified Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP) tool. This standardized and reproducible tool consists of 36 items to assess available information in three categories: contents, identification, and structure data. Scientific data with restricted access, duplicates, and irrelevant websites were not included. Only 32 websites addressed more than 19 items, and the scores did not significantly differ among the website developers. The median number of items from the EQIP tool was 16, with the top websites addressing 28 out of 36 items. The quality of the newly developed websites did not increase with passing time. This study revealed several shortcomings in the quality of Web-based information available for patients suffering from Dupuytren disease. In the world of continuously growing and instantly available Web-based information, it is the health providers' negligence of the last two decades that there are very few good quality, informative, and educative websites that could be recommended to patients.

  7. Joint Contracture Orthosis (JCO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunsford, Thomas R.; Parsons, Ken; Krouskop, Thomas; McGee, Kevin

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to develop an advanced orthosis which is effective in reducing upper and lower limb contractures in significantly less time than currently required with conventional methods. The team that developed the JCO consisted of an engineer, orthotist, therapist, and physician.

  8. Congenital contractural arachnodactyly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerkreim, I; Skogland, L B; Trygstad, O

    1976-06-01

    Five cases of congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) are reported. Three belong to the one family. CCA has often been mistaken for Marfan's disease and arthrogrypois multiplex. Because CCA has a more favourable prognosis, it is very important to be able to recognize this syndrome.

  9. Optimization of radiotherapy for Dupuytren's disease; Optimierung der Radiotherapie bei Morbus Dupuytren. Erste Ergebnisse einer kontrollierten Studie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seegenschmiedt, M.H.; Olschewski, T.; Guntrum, F. [Alfried-Krupp-Krankenhaus Essen (Germany). Klinik fuer Radioonkologie, Strahlentherapie und Nuklearmedizin

    2001-02-01

    Purpose: Radiotherapy prevents progression of Dupuytren's contracture. Herein, 1-year results of a prospective randomized trial comparing 2 different dose concepts are presented. Patients and Methods: 129 patients (67 males, 62 females) were included in the study with a minimum 1-year follow-up: 69 had bilateral and 60 unilateral involvement of Dupuytren's disease accounting for 198 irradiated hands. According to Tubiana, 73 hands had Stage N, 61 Stage N/I ({<=}10 flexion deformity), 59 Stage I (11 to 45 ) and 5 Stage II disease (46 to 90 ). Radiotherapy was randomly delivered: Group A (63 patients/ 95 hands) received 10 times 3 Gy (total: 30 Gy) in 2 series (each 5 times 3 Gy) separated by 8 weeks; group B (66 patients/ 103 hands) received 7 times 3 Gy (total: 21 Gy) within 2 weeks. Orthovoltage radiotherapy (120 kV) with 40 cm standard cones and individual shielding was applied. Patient and disease parameters were equally distributed in both groups. Evaluation (toxicity, efficacy) was performed at 3 and 12 months with regard to subjective (patient's opinion) and objective parameters (palpation, measurements, comparative photographs - physician). Results: Acute toxicity was minimal: 76 (38%) hands had skin reactions CTC Grade 1, 12 (6%) CTC Grade 2. Chronic side effects (dryness, skin atrophy, change of sensation, LENT Grade 1) occurred in 9 (5%) hands without differences between treatment groups. At 3 and 12 months follow-up, subjective symptoms and objective signs, nodules and cords, were reduced in both groups (p<0.01) with no differences between groups: a total of 110 (55%) hands (group A: 55, group B: 55) regressed, 74 (37%) hands (group A: 35; group B: 39) were stable. Overall and mean number of nodules, cords and skin changes decreased at 3 and 12 months. 16 of 198 (8%) hands (group A: 7; group B: 9) progressed at 12 months follow-up ('treatment failure'); at 1 year, 7 of 60 patients with unilateral Dupuytren's disease required

  10. The association between Peyronie's and Dupuytren's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nugteren, H. M.; Nijman, J. M.; de Jong, I. J.; van Driel, M. F.

    2011-01-01

    Peyronie's disease (PD) is known to be associated with Dupuytren's disease (DD) since 1828. The aim of this study was to investigate the coexistence of DD in a consecutive series of patients with PD and their clinical characteristics. From January 1988 to December 2009 all patients, presenting at ou

  11. The Impact of Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum Introduction on Dupuytren Treatment Patterns in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, John Z; Hadley, Scott; Floyd, Emerson; Earp, Brandon E; Blazar, Philip E

    2016-10-01

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the use of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) in the United States in February 2010. This study addresses the impact of that approval on the number of Dupuytren contracture (DC) encounters and treatment patterns in the United States. Using the Intercontinental Marketing Services Health Office-Based Medical Claims database, we identified the monthly number of DC encounters and DC procedures between January 2007 and December 2013. Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum usage data from March 2010 to December 2013 was derived from the U.S. CCH manufacturer's data warehouse. Using the combined data, the yearly increasing trends in DC encounters and treatment volume were compared before and after the introduction of CCH. Time trends in the relative procedure frequencies were then examined. Finally, the presence of seasonal variation was tested for in each treatment type. Dupuytren contracture encounters increased on average by 19,015 per year between 2007 and 2009, whereas between 2011 and 2013, DC encounters increased on average by 34,940 per year. In terms of absolute procedure counts, the surgery trend line began decreasing in 2010 with the release of CCH. Meanwhile, CCH continuously increased between 2010 and 2013, and needle aponeurotomy (NA) remained relatively stable. By the year 2013, minimally invasive techniques (NA and CCH) comprised 39% of all treatment, compared with only 14% in 2007. Lastly, there was a statistically significant seasonal increase in the number of surgical procedures during the wintertime but no seasonal variation in NA or CCH. After the introduction of CCH, the number of Dupuytren encounters increased at a greater annual rate. The introduction and growth of CCH coincided with a decrease in surgery. The number of NA procedures remained steady throughout the study period. The number of open surgery cases followed a predictable seasonal variation with more procedures during the winter months

  12. Efficacy and safety of collagenase clostridium histolyticum for Dupuytren disease nodules: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costas, Bronier; Coleman, Stephen; Kaufman, Greg; James, Robert; Cohen, Brian; Gaston, R Glenn

    2017-08-30

    To determine the safety and efficacy of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection for the treatment of palmar Dupuytren disease nodules. In this 8-week, double-blind trial, palpable palmar nodules on one hand of adults with Dupuytren disease were selected for treatment. Patients were randomly assigned using an interactive web response system to receive a dose of 0.25 mg, 0.40 mg, or 0.60 mg (1:1:1 ratio) and then allocated to active treatment (CCH) or placebo (4:1 ratio). All patients and investigators were blinded to treatment. One injection was made in the selected nodule on Day 1. Caliper measurements of nodule length and width were performed at screening and at Weeks 4 and 8. Investigator-reported nodular consistency and hardness were evaluated at baseline and Weeks 1, 4, and 8. Investigator-rated patient improvement (1 [very much improved] to 7 [very much worse]) and patient satisfaction were assessed at study end. In the efficacy population (n = 74), percentage changes in area were significantly greater with CCH 0.40 mg (-80.1%, P = 0.0002) and CCH 0.60 mg (-78.2%, P = 0.0003), but not CCH 0.25 mg (-58.3%, P = 0.079), versus placebo (-42.2%) at post-treatment Week 8. Mean change in nodular consistency and hardness were significantly improved with CCH versus placebo at Weeks 4 and 8 (P ≤ 0.0139 for all). At Week 8, investigator global assessment of improvement was significantly greater with CCH 0.40 mg and 0.60 mg (P ≤ 0.0014) but not statistically significant with CCH 0.25 mg versus placebo (P = 0.13). Most patients were "very satisfied" or "quite satisfied" with CCH 0.40 mg and 0.60 mg. Contusion/bruising (50.0% to 59.1%) was the most common adverse event with CCH treatment. In patients with Dupuytren disease, a single CCH injection significantly improved palmar nodule size and hardness. The safety of CCH was similar to that observed previously in patients with Dupuytren contracture. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT

  13. The Risk of Dupuytren Surgery in Obese Individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacquebord, Jacques H; Chiu, Vicki Y; Harness, Neil G

    2017-03-01

    Dupuytren disease is a common benign fibroproliferative disorder causing thickening and shortening of the palmar fascia of the hand. The exact etiology of the disease is unclear but known risk factors such as increased age, male sex, and northern European ethnicity have been established. A link between body mass index (BMI) and Dupuytren disease has not been established previously. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that lower BMI is associated with increased risk for Dupuytren disease diagnosis. After we obtained institutional review board approval, we performed a retrospective review using an electronic medical record and an administrative database from Kaiser Permanente Southern California to identify all enrolled patients there between 2007 and 2014 who were diagnosed with Dupuytren disease. Basic demographic data including age, sex, ethnicity, and BMI were collected. Bivariate and multivariable logistical regression analyses were performed to evaluate for associations between Dupuytren disease and BMI. A total of 2,049,803 patients aged 18 years and older were enrolled in Kaiser Permanente Southern California from 2007 to 2014. During that period, 14,844 patients were identified as having Dupuytren disease. The data were consistent with well-defined demographic trends in Dupuytren disease, with increased rates seen in males, Caucasians, and patients aged 50 years and older. In the multivariable analysis, when controlling for age, race, and sex, the risk of Dupuytren disease was inversely proportional to BMI. The current study showed that higher BMI is associated with decreased odds of having Dupuytren disease. Further work will be required to determine the cause for the apparent relationship between Dupuytren disease and BMI and whether physiologic factors related to obesity may be protective against the development of Dupuytren disease. Prognostic II. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All

  14. Wnt pathway in Dupuytren disease : connecting profibrotic signals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Beuge, Marike M.; Ten Dam, Evert-Jan P. M.; Werker, Paul M. N.; Bank, Ruud A.

    2015-01-01

    A role of Wnt signaling in Dupuytren disease, a fibroproliferative disease of the hand and fingers, has not been fully elucidated. We examined a large set of Wnt pathway components and signaling targets and found significant dysregulation of 41 Wnt-related genes in tissue from the Dupuytren nodules

  15. Deltoid contracture: a case with multiple muscle contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hsin-Chang; Huang, Tung-Fu; Chou, Po-Hsin; Chen, Tain-Hsiung

    2008-11-01

    Deltoid contracture is relatively uncommon. The literature consists primarily of case reports and few articles on large case series. The pathogenesis has been well studied. Muscle contractures can occur in the deltoid, biceps, triceps, gluteus and quadriceps muscles; however, cases of multiple muscle contractures are rare. We reported a patient with multiple contractures of the bilateral deltoid, bilateral gluteus, and bilateral quadriceps muscles, who had received repeated intramuscular injections during childhood and adulthood. The radiographic, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), features of the bone and joint abnormalities are presented. Some literatures reported that damage to the structures of the body due to intramuscular injection is related to the site of injection, age of the patient, and the volume, pH, chemical composition, and diffusional capacity of the injectate. Our patient had muscular contracture induced by needle injection regardless of her age, medication and injection site.

  16. The early history of Dupuytren's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliot, D

    1999-02-01

    Dupuytren's disease may have originated among the Vikings of northern Europe. Possible association of the disease with the Scottish bagpipe-playing MacCrimmon clan and the Papal Sign of Benediction also are examined. The evolution of pathologic understanding and the advent of surgical treatment of the disease in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries in Europe and North America are reviewed in detail.

  17. High-dosage tamoxifen as neoadjuvant treatment in minimally invasive surgery for Dupuytren disease in patients with a strong predisposition toward fibrosis: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degreef, Ilse; Tejpar, Sabine; Sciot, Raf; De Smet, Luc

    2014-04-16

    Tamoxifen, a synthetic nonsteroidal anti-estrogen known to modulate the production of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β), has demonstrated effectiveness on fibroblast activity in vitro and in vivo. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of tamoxifen on the outcome of surgery for Dupuytren contractures in patients with a strong predisposition toward fibrosis. We used a prospective, randomized, double-blind study protocol (conforming to the CONSORT standards) to investigate the influence of tamoxifen compared with placebo on the total passive extension deficit in the finger and patient satisfaction after subtotal fasciectomy in thirty patients with a strong predisposition toward fibrosis (grade, >4 according to the Abe scale). High-dosage tamoxifen (80 mg/day) was administered from six weeks prior until twelve weeks after surgery, and patients were monitored for two years. Three months after surgery, patients in the tamoxifen group had a smaller total passive extension deficit and higher satisfaction compared with the placebo group. This positive effect was lost over the two years following cessation of the medication. This study demonstrated that the short-term outcome of Dupuytren disease treatment could be influenced by use of tamoxifen as a neoadjuvant from six weeks prior to three months after subtotal fasciectomy in patients with a strong predisposition toward fibrosis. However, the beneficial effect disappeared within two years after surgery, with worsening of the contractures after the medication was discontinued. Thus, tamoxifen may have a short-term effect on the outcome of surgery for Dupuytren disease.

  18. Intrinsic contractures of the hand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paksima, Nader; Besh, Basil R

    2012-02-01

    Contractures of the intrinsic muscles of the fingers disrupt the delicate and complex balance of intrinsic and extrinsic muscles, which allows the hand to be so versatile and functional. The loss of muscle function primarily affects the interphalangeal joints but also may affect etacarpophalangeal joints. The resulting clinical picture is often termed, intrinsic contracture or intrinsic-plus hand. Disruption of the balance between intrinsic and extrinsic muscles has many causes and may be secondary to changes within the intrinsic musculature or the tendon unit. This article reviews diagnosis, etiology, and treatment algorithms in the management of intrinsic contractures of the fingers. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Treatment of dupuytren disease with injectable collagenase in a veteran population: a case series at the department of veterans affairs new jersey health care system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sood, Aditya; Therattil, Paul J; Paik, Angie M; Simpson, Mary F; Lee, Edward S

    2014-01-01

    Clinical trials seeking to establish long-term efficacy of injectable collagenase clostridium histolyticum for treatment of Dupuytren disease are ongoing. In this quality improvement study, the efficacy, recurrence rate, and complications of collagenase injection for Dupuytren disease are reviewed in a population of Veteran patients. A retrospective chart review was performed for patients who underwent treatment with injectable collagenase for Dupuytren disease from 2010 to 2013 at our regional Department of Veterans Affairs medical center. Data points of interest included the degree of joint contracture preoperatively, immediately after treatment, and at follow-up, complications, and patient satisfaction. Sixteen patients received 27 injections (18 metacarpophalangeal and 9 proximal interphalangeal injections). The mean time of follow-up was 12.3 months. There was a 50% or greater reduction of the original extension deficit in 74.1% (n = 27) of the joints treated. Metacarpophalangeal joint recurrence was "high" (≥50°) in 0% (n = 18) of joints, and "low" (5°-50°) in 33.3% (n = 18) of joints with a mean follow-up of 12 months. Proximal interphalangeal joint recurrence was "high" (≥40°) in 18.5% (n = 9) of joints and "low" (5°-40°) in 7.4% (n = 9) of joints with a mean follow-up of 12.9 months. Minor complications were experienced in 93.8% (n = 16) of patients who underwent collagenase injection and included ecchymosis, skin laceration, injection-site swelling, injection-site hemorrhage, tenderness, and pruritus. Seventy-five percent (n = 12) of patients in our study reported they would undergo treatment with collagenase again. The case series presented demonstrates that injectable collagenase clostridium histolyticum produced a clinical success rate of 74.1% and is a safe method to treat Dupuytren disease.

  20. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy for recurrent Dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Rijssen, Annet L; Werker, Paul M N

    2012-09-01

    Increasing options to treat Dupuytren disease include percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF), a minimally invasive technique that has proven to be effective for the treatment of primary disease. However, its effect on recurrent disease is not clear. We studied 30 patients with recurrent Dupuytren disease in 40 fingers, with a mean follow-up of 4.4 years. Primary outcome measures were total passive extension deficit reduction and interval to a second recurrence, defined as an increase of more than 30° compared with the result at the end of the previous treatment. We noted complications. Total passive extension reduction was 76%. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy was especially effective for the metacarpophalangeal joint, with an average reduction of 93%, whereas the average reduction in the proximal interphalangeal joint was 57%. A total of 50% of patients did not develop a secondary recurrence during follow-up. The other 50% did, and we treated recurrence within an average of 1.4 years after PNF. By means of PNF, we postponed tertiary treatment an average of 2.9 years starting from the initial treatment for Dupuytren disease. We successfully treated all secondary recurrences by limited fasciectomy, according to patients' wishes. We noted no major adverse effects. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy can be applied effectively for recurrent disease; 50% of patients remain free of recurrence for a mean of 4.4 years. If a secondary recurrence occurs, it does so relatively early after treatment. Patients must therefore be willing to accept this uncertainty in the context of the advantages of PNF, such as fast recovery, low complication rate, and minimal invasiveness. Copyright © 2012 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. The emerging role of Clostridium histolyticum collagenase in the treatment of Dupuytren disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis Thomas

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Alexis Thomas1, Ardeshir Bayat1,21Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Research, School of Translational Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocentre, Manchester, UK; 2Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University Hospital of South Manchester National Health Service Foundation Trust, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, UKAbstract: Dupuytren disease (DD is a common fibroproliferative disease of unknown etiopathogenesis affecting the palmar aponeurosis, causing reduced hand function and resulting in fixed flexion contractures of the digits. Current gold standard treatment for the management of DD is surgical excision involving removal of the affected palmar fascial tissue. However, there are potential complications associated with surgery as it is costly and a positive surgical outcome is often short-lived because the disease tends to recur. Therefore, there is growing interest in nonsurgical, outpatient-based treatments that could be quicker, cheaper, reduce morbidity, show a decreased rate of recurrence, and give DD patients an improved quality of life when compared with traditional surgical management. Of the available nonsurgical options, injectable Clostridium histolyticum collagenase (CHC has received recent clinical interest. In this article, a brief overview of DD surgical and nonsurgical treatments utilized is given, followed by a detailed examination of the nine papers published to date on the use of CHC in DD (and similar fibrotic disorders. These papers have investigated safe and efficacious doses for the injection of CHC to treat palpable DD cords in adult patients and have shown significant short- to mid-term results for correction to near-full digital extension (≤5° extension following CHC injection of DD cords. CHC has been shown to target the collagen-based DD cords while sparing surrounding neurovasculature, with a complication profile that

  2. In vitro study of novel collagenase (XIAFLEX® on Dupuytren's disease fibroblasts displays unique drug related properties.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhatullah Syed

    Full Text Available Dupuytren's disease (DD is a benign, fibroproliferative disease of the palmar fascia, with excessive extracellular matrix (ECM deposition and over-production of cytokines and growth factors, resulting in digital fixed flexion contractures limiting hand function and patient quality of life. Surgical fasciectomy is the gold standard treatment but is invasive and has associated morbidity without limiting disease recurrence. Injectable Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH--Xiaflex®--is a novel, nonsurgical option with clinically proven in vivo reduction of DD contractures but with limited in vitro data demonstrating its cellular and molecular effects. The aim of this study was to delineate the effects of CCH on primary fibroblasts isolated from DD and non-DD anatomical sites (using RTCA, LDH, WST-1, FACS, qRT-PCR, ELISA and In-Cell Quantitative Western Blotting to compare the efficacy of varying concentrations of Xiaflex® against a reagent grade Collagenase, Collagenase A. Results demonstrated that DD nodule and cord fibroblasts had greater proliferation than those from fat and skin. Xiaflex® exposure resulted in dose- and time-dependent inhibition of cellular spreading, attachment and proliferation, with cellular recovery after enzyme removal. Unlike Collagenase A, Xiaflex® did not cause apoptosis. Collagen expression patterns were significantly (p<0.05 different in DD fibroblasts across anatomical sites - the highest levels of collagen I and III were detected in DD nodule, with DD cord and fat fibroblasts demonstrating a smaller increase in both collagen expression relative to DD skin. Xiaflex® significantly (p<0.05 down-regulated ECM components, cytokines and growth factors in a dose-dependent manner. An in vitro scratch wound assay model demonstrated that, at low concentrations, Xiaflex® enabled a faster fibroblast reparatory migration into the wound, whereas, at high concentrations, this process was significantly (p<0.05 inhibited

  3. Dupuytren Disease Infiltrating a Full-Thickness Skin Graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Ryckie George; Igali, Laszlo; Figus, Andrea

    2016-08-01

    Although the role of the skin in the development and propagation of Dupuytren disease remains unclear, dermofasciectomy and full-thickness skin grafting (FTSG) appears to delay recurrence. In 2011, a 71-year-old, left-handed man presented with recurrent Dupuytren disease in the dominant hand. In 1991, he originally underwent a primary dermofasciectomy and FTSG for Dupuytren disease involving the palmar skin. Twenty years later, the left middle finger was drawn into flexion by a recurrent cord, and the old graft and adjacent palmar skin were clinically involved by fibromatosis. We performed a revision dermofasciectomy and FTSG. Microscopic analysis of the excised graft demonstrated dense infiltration of the entire skin graft by Dupuytren disease, with areas of active and burnt-out fibromatosis distinct from hypertrophic scarring. This report of Dupuytren fibromatosis infiltrating a skin graft raises questions about the pathophysiology of Dupuytren disease. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Wnt expression is not correlated with β-catenin dysregulation in Dupuytren's Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu Rebecca D

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dupuytren's contracture or disease (DD is a fibro-proliferative disease of the hand that results in finger flexion contractures. Increased cellular β-catenin levels have been identified as characteristic of this disease. As Wnts are the most widely recognized upstream regulators of cellular β-catenin accumulation, we have examined Wnt gene expression in surgical specimens and in DD-derived primary cell cultures grown in two-dimensional monolayer culture or in three-dimensional FPCL collagen lattice cultures. Results The Wnt expression profile of patient-matched DD and unaffected control palmar fascia tissue was determined by a variety of complimentary methods; Affymetrix Microarray analysis, specific Wnt and degenerative primer-based Reverse Transcriptase (RT-PCR, and Real Time PCR. Microarray analysis identified 13 Wnts associated with DD and control tissues. Degenerate Wnt RT-PCR analysis identified Wnts 10b and 11, and to a lesser extent 5a and 9a, as the major Wnt family members expressed in our patient samples. Competitive RT-PCR analysis identified significant differences between the levels of expression of Wnts 9a, 10b and 11 in tissue samples and in primary cell cultures grown as monolayer or in FPCL, where the mRNA levels in tissue > FPCL cultures > monolayer cultures. Real Time PCR data confirmed the down-regulation of Wnt 11 mRNA in DD while Wnt 10b, the most frequently isolated Wnt in DD and control palmar fascia, displayed widely variable expression between the methods of analysis. Conclusion These data indicate that changes in Wnt expression per se are unlikely to be the cause of the observed dysregulation of β-catenin expression in DD.

  5. IGF-II and IGFBP-6 regulate cellular contractility and proliferation in Dupuytren's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raykha, Christina; Crawford, Justin; Gan, Bing Siang; Fu, Ping; Bach, Leon A; O'Gorman, David B

    2013-10-01

    Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a common and heritable fibrosis of the palmar fascia that typically manifests as permanent finger contractures. The molecular interactions that induce the development of hyper-contractile fibroblasts, or myofibroblasts, in DD are poorly understood. We have identified IGF2 and IGFBP6, encoding insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II and IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-6 respectively, as reciprocally dysregulated genes and proteins in primary cells derived from contracture tissues (DD cells). Recombinant IGFBP-6 inhibited the proliferation of DD cells, patient-matched control (PF) cells and normal palmar fascia (CT) cells. Co-treatments with IGF-II, a high affinity IGFBP-6 ligand, were unable to rescue these effects. A non-IGF-II binding analog of IGFBP-6 also inhibited cellular proliferation, implicating IGF-II-independent roles for IGFBP-6 in this process. IGF-II enhanced the proliferation of CT cells, but not DD or PF cells, and significantly enhanced DD and PF cell contractility in stressed collagen lattices. While IGFBP-6 treatment did not affect cellular contractility, it abrogated the IGF-II-induced contractility of DD and PF cells in stressed collagen lattices. IGF-II also significantly increased the contraction of DD cells in relaxed lattices, however this effect was not evident in relaxed collagen lattices containing PF cells. The disparate effects of IGF-II on DD and PF cells in relaxed and stressed contraction models suggest that IGF-II can enhance lattice contractility through more than one mechanism. This is the first report to implicate IGFBP-6 as a suppressor of cellular proliferation and IGF-II as an inducer of cellular contractility in this connective tissue disease.

  6. Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (Beals syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alanay Yasemin

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (Beals syndrome is an autosomal dominantly inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by multiple flexion contractures, arachnodactyly, severe kyphoscoliosis, abnormal pinnae and muscular hypoplasia. It is caused by a mutation in FBN2 gene on chromosome 5q23. Although the clinical features can be similar to Marfan syndrome (MFS, multiple joint contractures (especially elbow, knee and finger joints, and crumpled ears in the absence of significant aortic root dilatation are characteristic of Beals syndrome and rarely found in Marfan syndrome. The incidence of CCA is unknown and its prevalence is difficult to estimate considering the overlap in phenotype with MFS; the number of patients reported has increased following the identification of FBN2 mutation. Molecular prenatal diagnosis is possible. Ultrasound imaging may be used to demonstrate joint contractures and hypokinesia in suspected cases. Management of children with CCA is symptomatic. Spontaneous improvement in camptodactyly and contractures is observed but residual camptodactyly always remains. Early intervention for scoliosis can prevent morbidity later in life. Cardiac evaluation and ophthalmologic evaluations are recommended.

  7. Arthroscopic release of the deltoid contracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hai-jun; YAN Hui; CUI Guo-qing; AO Ying-fang

    2010-01-01

    Background The deltoid contracture is an uncommon disorder. Long-standing contracture produces winged scapula,abduction and extension contracture of the shoulder. Surgical release has been considered the treatment of choice.However, the method of approach has not been well defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of arthroscopic release of the deltoid contracture.Methods A retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate the results of arthroscopic release in six patients (seven shoulders) who had a contracture of the deltoid muscle. All patients had arthroscopic release. The abduction-contracture and horizontal-adduction angle was measured after operation. The average duration of follow-up was 16 months (range,from 4 to 41 months).Results The preoperative abduction contracture resolved completely in three shoulders. Two had a residual abduction contracture of 5° to 7° and two had a poor result with 15° abduction-contracture angle. The average postoperative abduction-contracture angle was 6° (range, 0° to 15°). The preoperative horizontal-adduction contracture was corrected,permitting at least 130° of adduction, in five shoulders. The remaining two shoulders had a postoperative horizontal-adduction angle of 120° and 110°. Overall, the average postoperative horizontai-adduction angle was 130°(range, 110° to 140°).Conclusion Arthroscopic release is an effective surgical technique to treat the deltoid contracture.

  8. A Genome-wide Association Study of Dupuytren Disease Reveals 17 Additional Variants Implicated in Fibrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Michael; Thakkar, Dipti; Southam, Lorraine; Werker, Paul; Ophoff, Roel; Becker, Kerstin; Nothnagel, Michael; Franke, Andre; Nürnberg, Peter; Espirito-Santo, Ana Isabel; Izadi, David; Hennies, Hans Christian; Nanchahal, Jagdeep; Zeggini, Eleftheria; Furniss, Dominic

    2017-09-07

    Individuals with Dupuytren disease (DD) are commonly seen by physicians and surgeons across multiple specialties. It is an increasingly common and disabling fibroproliferative disorder of the palmar fascia, which leads to flexion contractures of the digits, and is associated with other tissue-specific fibroses. DD affects between 5% and 25% of people of European descent and is the most common inherited disease of connective tissue. We undertook the largest GWAS to date in individuals with a surgically validated diagnosis of DD from the UK, with replication in British, Dutch, and German individuals. We validated association at all nine previously described signals and discovered 17 additional variants with p ≤ 5 × 10(-8). As a proof of principle, we demonstrated correlation of the high-risk genotype at the statistically most strongly associated variant with decreased secretion of the soluble WNT-antagonist SFRP4, in surgical specimen-derived DD myofibroblasts. These results highlight important pathways involved in the pathogenesis of fibrosis, including WNT signaling, extracellular matrix modulation, and inflammation. In addition, many associated loci contain genes that were hitherto unrecognized as playing a role in fibrosis, opening up new avenues of research that may lead to novel treatments for DD and fibrosis more generally. DD represents an ideal human model disease for fibrosis research. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Late complications of clinical clostridium histolyticum collagenase use in Dupuytren's disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warren M Rozen

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: While Dupuytren's disease can cause disabling contractures requiring open surgery, a less-invasive option using Clostridium Histolyticum collagenase (CHC via percutaneous injection was recently reported. A recent prospective, randomized trial demonstrated few complications during 90 days follow-up, however did not assess any longer term follow-up for these patients. Long-term outcomes in this setting have not been adequately reported, and the current manuscript aims to identify late complications from the clinical use of percutaneous CHC. METHODS: The current manuscript reports an extended 12-month follow-up for a cohort of twelve of patients enrolled in the original prospective, randomized trial, treated at a single institution. An analysis of complications requiring surgical intervention was undertaken. RESULTS: Two of twelve patients reported debilitating pain and triggering requiring surgical intervention. Extensive deep-tissue scarring and adhesions were identified, providing the first visual and qualitative analysis of the pathologic effects of CHC. CONCLUSION: Late complications from CHC use can and have occurred, outside the follow-up period of the initial phase III trials. Longer term follow-up of such patients is thus essential, and further investigation and characterization of the late effects of CHC use is warranted.

  10. Down-regulation of collagen synthesis and matrix metalloproteinase expression in myofibroblasts from Dupuytren nodule using adenovirus-mediated relaxin gene therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Young-Mi; Choi, Yun-Rak; Yun, Chae-Ok; Park, Jin-Oh; Suk, Kyung-Soo; Kim, Hak-Sun; Park, Moon-Soo; Lee, Byung-Ho; Lee, Hwan-Mo; Moon, Seong-Hwan

    2014-04-01

    Dupuytren's disease is a fibroproliferative connective tissue disorder characterized by contracture of the palmer fascia of the hand. Relaxin (RLN) is a multifunctional factor which contributes to the remodeling of the pelvic ligament by inhibiting fibrosis and inflammatory activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the RLN gene on the inhibition of fibrosis in myofibroblastic cells. Myofibroblast cells with adenovirus LacZ (Ad-LacZ) as a marker gene or adenovirus relaxin (Ad-RLN) as therapeutic gene showed transgene expressions in beta-galactosidase assay and Western blot analysis. Myofibroblastic cells with Ad-RLN demonstrated a 22% and 48% reduction in collagen I and III mRNA expressions respectively, a 50% decrease in MMP-1, 70% decrease in MMP-2, 80% decrease in MMP-9, and a 15% reduction in MMP-13 protein expression compared with cultures with viral control and saline control. In addition, myofibroblastic cells with Ad-RLN showed a 40% decrease in TIMP 1 and a 15% increase in TIMP 3 protein expression at 48 h compared to cultures with viral control and saline control. Also, myofibroblastic cell with Ad-RLN demonstrated a 74% inhibition of fibronectin and a 52% decrease in total collagen synthesis at 48 h compared with cultures with viral control and saline control. In conclusion, the RLN gene render antifibrogenic effect on myofibroblastic cells from Dupuytren's nodule via direct inhibition of collagen synthesis not through collagenolytic pathway such as MMP-1, -13, TIMP 1, and 3. Therefore relaxin can be an alternative therapeutic strategy in initial stage of Dupuytren's disease by its antifibrogenic effect.

  11. Håndtraumer kan muligvis fremprovokere udvikling af Dupuytrens sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klingenberg, Louise; Boeckstyns, Michel

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review the literature concerning a possible relationship between acute injury, infection, or operation of the hand and the development of Dupuytren's disease for two centuries. There has been an ongoing documentation of various cases showing this relationship...

  12. Traume som mulig årsag til Dupuytrens kontraktur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klingenberg, Louise; Boeckstyns, Michel

    2011-01-01

    During two centuries, there has been an ongoing discussion in the literature on whether Dupuytren's disease (DD) can be caused by a single injury to the upper extremity. This paper presents three cases from daily clinical life and draws attention to a possible relationship between specific injury...

  13. Response of dupuytren fibroblasts to different oxygen environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Türker, Tolga; Murphy, Erin; Kaufman, Christina L; Kutz, Joseph E; Meister, Edward A; Hoying, James B

    2013-12-01

    It is thought that local ischemia and oxygen radicals are responsible for fibroblast-to-myofibroblast cell transformation and proliferation. We hypothesized that hypoxia could differentially activate the contractility of fibroblasts from normal human palmar fascia and from fibroblasts-myofibroblasts of Dupuytren cords. Normal palmar fascia from 5 patients with carpal tunnel syndrome and Dupuytren cords from 5 patients were harvested. Cells were cultured from all tissue samples, and collagen lattices were prepared containing these cells. Oxygen treatment subgroups were created and incubated under hypoxic (1% O(2), 5% CO(2), and 94% N(2)), normoxic (21% O(2), 5% CO(2), and 74% N(2)), and hyperoxic (100% oxygen using 2.4 atm pressure twice a day for 7 d) conditions. After 7 days, each subgroup was photographed, and lattices were released from dishes. Postrelease photographs were taken immediately, 5 minutes after release, and after 1 hour. Areas of the lattices at each time point were calculated using MetaMorph software. Actin staining and live/dead cell analysis was performed. Linear repeated measures analysis of variance was used for data analysis given that contraction levels were measured over 3 distinct time points. We found a statistically significant difference between normal samples and Dupuytren samples in mean contraction levels over time. There was no statistically significant difference between tissue groups over the 3 time periods based on the oxygen treatment received. Our results showed a greater degree of contractility in Dupuytren disease cells than normal fibroblasts. However, the contraction in either group was not affected by oxygen level. Future in vivo research is needed to better understand the nature of pathophysiology of Dupuytren disease. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Ultrasonographic evaluation of displaced neurovascular bundle in Dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uehara, Kosuke; Miura, Toshiki; Morizaki, Yutaka; Miyamoto, Hideaki; Ohe, Takashi; Tanaka, Sakae

    2013-01-01

    Neurovascular injury is a serious complication after surgery for Dupuytren disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the cord and the neurovascular bundle ultrasonographically. We included 22 healthy volunteers and 14 Dupuytren disease patients (25 fingers) in this study. We evaluated the cord and the digital artery with high-resolution ultrasound. We first investigated the effect of the angle of metacarpophalangeal joint on the position of the radial and ulnar digital arteries in volunteers without evidence of Dupuytren disease. We compared 3 parameters of the radial and ulnar digital arteries, including differences in depth, differences in lateral shift, and the shape of the cross-section of the artery, between volunteers and patients with Dupuytren disease. None of these parameters changed with flexion of the metacarpophalangeal joint of 0°, 30°, and 60°. Digital arteries and cords could be identified ultrasonographically in all patients, and we confirmed ultrasonographic findings by operative findings in 13 fingers. We classified the fingers into 3 subgroups based on the ultrasonographic findings: type A (n = 13), in which the cord was above the artery; type B (n = 5), in which the cord was below the artery; and type C (n = 7), in which the cord was located between the radial and ulnar digital arteries. Types A, B, and C corresponded to natatory cord/abductor digiti minimi cord, spiral cord, and central cord, respectively. Comparisons among volunteers and patient subgroups showed that the difference in depth in type B patients was significantly larger than that of the other groups. When we set the cutoff point of the difference in depth to 3 mm, sensitivity and specificity to detect the spiral cord were 80% and 76%, respectively. The relationship between the neurovascular bundle and the type of Dupuytren disease cord can be evaluated by high-resolution ultrasound. Diagnostic III. Copyright © 2013 American Society for

  15. Wnt pathway in Dupuytren disease: connecting profibrotic signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Beuge, Marike M; Ten Dam, Evert-Jan P M; Werker, Paul M N; Bank, Ruud A

    2015-12-01

    A role of Wnt signaling in Dupuytren disease, a fibroproliferative disease of the hand and fingers, has not been fully elucidated. We examined a large set of Wnt pathway components and signaling targets and found significant dysregulation of 41 Wnt-related genes in tissue from the Dupuytren nodules compared with patient-matched control tissue. A large proportion of genes coding for Wnt proteins themselves was downregulated. However, both canonical Wnt targets and components of the noncanonical signaling pathway were upregulated. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that protein expression of Wnt1-inducible secreted protein 1 (WISP1), a known Wnt target, was increased in nodules compared with control tissue, but knockdown of WISP1 using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in the Dupuytren myofibroblasts did not confirm a functional role. The protein expression of noncanonical pathway components Wnt5A and VANGL2 as well as noncanonical coreceptors Ror2 and Ryk was increased in nodules. On the contrary, the strongest downregulated genes in this study were 4 antagonists of Wnt signaling (DKK1, FRZB, SFRP1, and WIF1). Downregulation of these genes in the Dupuytren tissue was mimicked in vitro by treating normal fibroblasts with transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), suggesting cross talk between different profibrotic pathways. Furthermore, siRNA-mediated knockdown of these antagonists in normal fibroblasts led to increased nuclear translocation of Wnt target β-catenin in response to TGF-β1 treatment. In conclusion, we have shown extensive dysregulation of Wnt signaling in affected tissue from Dupuytren disease patients. Components of both the canonical and the noncanonical pathways are upregulated, whereas endogenous antagonists are downregulated, possibly via interaction with other profibrotic pathways.

  16. 掌腱膜挛缩症的临床回顾性研究%Dupuytren's disease: a clinical retrospective study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀存; 路来金; 崔建礼; 孙希光; 刘红霞; 张颖; 王维

    2015-01-01

    Objective To introduce the clinical experiences of treating Dupuytren's disease.Methods A retrospective study was conducted of 78 cases of Dupuytren' s disease treated from October 2004 to December 2013 to analyze the clinical characteristics,surgical methods,postoperative complications,and long-term results.Results Of the 111 hands in this group,99 hands had primary healing of the wound,while 12 had various degrees of early postoperative complicatiom.The incidence of complications was 10.81%.Among them,98 hands of 68 patients were follow-up for a mean of 3.9 years after the surgery.Recurrence of Dupuytren' s was seen in 6 hands,the rate of postoperative recurrence being 6.12%.According to the upper limb functional evaluation criteria issued by the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association,the results were excellent in 81 hands,good in 11 hands and poor in 6 hands.The overall satisfactory rate was 93.88%.Conclusion Early surgery and careful operation will significantly reduce the incidence of early postoperative and long-term comphcations in the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture.%目的 探讨掌腱膜挛缩症的治疗体会.方法 对我院2004年10月至2013年12月收治的78例掌腱膜挛缩症患者的发病特点、手术方法、术后并发症及远期疗效进行回顾性分析.结果 本组患者111只手,99只手Ⅰ期愈合,12只手术后出现不同程度的早期并发症,发生率10.81%.其中68例患者98只手术后平均随访3.9年,6只手复发,术后复发率为6.12%.依据中华医学会手外科学会上肢部分功能评定试用标准评定:优81只手,良11只手,差6只手;优良率为93.88%.结论 早期手术、精细操作将极大降低掌腱膜挛缩症术后出现早期及远期并发症的机会.

  17. Fractionated X-ray treatment for Dupuytren`s contracture. Ultrasound-controlled results; Roentgenweichstrahltherapie der Dupuytrenschen Kontraktur. Ultraschall-kontrollierte Ergebnisse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kowalzick, L. [Hautklinik, Vogtlandklinikum, Plauen (Germany); Karnbach, C.; Stahlberg, B.; Mohr, P.; Weichenthal, M.; Schreer, I.; Wisch, K. [Universitaets-Hautklinik und -Frauenkliniken, Hamburg (Germany)

    1997-09-19

    The retrospective evaluation included 180 patients (137 m, 43 f, 63{+-}9 years), while serial ultrasound data were available for 15 patients (9 m, 6 f, 62{+-}4 years) with D.C. grade 1 to 2 according to Iselin. X-ray treatment (4 Gy per session, 55 kV) was given on two consecutive days every four months until 3 to 5 series had been aministered. Thus, total does per patient range from 24 to 40 Gy. Ultrasound examinations were carried out using 7.5 MHz equipment (B-mode). The 180 patients were interviewed after a median period of 10 years following treatment. Of these patients, 28% reported a complete remission of their symptoms, 53% had regained full functional use of their hands, and 19% did not observe any improvement following X-ray treatment. In 7%, later progression of the disease had necessitated surgery. Local side effects of the X-ray treatment consisted of dry skin (68%), scaling (5%), roughness (10%), and exsudative reactions (2%). In all 15 patients of the prospective study, palmar nodules could be measured by ultrasound. In these patients, the average diameter area of the nodules had decreased from 31.7{+-}17.8 mm{sup 2} before beginning treatment to 24.8{+-}19.4 mm{sup 2} after completing. The differences is stastistically significant (p<0.005). The overall decrease resulted from a reduction of the size of the nodules in 53% of the patients. In 27% the disease was stable, and in 20% progression was noticed. X-ray treatment has a therapeutic efficacy comparable to surgery in D.C. 7.5 MHz ultrasound is a suitable method for the quantitative evaluation of noninvasive treatment modalities in D.C. (orig./MG) [Deutsch] In die retrospektive Untersuchung gingen die Daten von 180 Patienten (137 m, 43 w, 63{+-}9 Jahre), in die prospektive Untersuchung die Daten von 15 Patienten (9 m, 6 w, 62{+-}4 Jahre) mit D.K. im Stadium 1 und 2 nach Iselin ein. Die Therapie erfolgte mit jeweils 4 Gy an zwei aufeinanderfolgenden Tagen (55 kV). Insgesamt wurden je nach Verlauf 3 bis 5 dieser Serien in 4monatlichen Abstaenden appliziert (Gesamtdosis 24 bis 40 Gy). Die Ultraschalldickenmessung der palmaren Knotenbildungen erfolgte mit einem 7,5-MHz-Geraet im B-Mode-Verfahren. Bei einem medianen Nachbeobachtungszeitraum von 10 Jahren gaben 28% der 180 Patienten eine voellige Rueckbildung der Knoten und Straenge an, 53% eine Besserung mit Wiederherstellung der funktionellen Gebrauchsfaehigkeit und 19% keine Veraenderung unter der Therapie. Im weiteren Verlauf der Erkrankung erfuhren 7% eine Progression, die noch zu einer spaeteren operativen Therapie fuehrte. An lokalen Nebenwirkungen infolge der Roentgenweichstrahltherapie fuehrten 68% Hauttrockenheit, 5% Schuppung, 10% Rissigkeit und 2% naessende Hautveraenderungen an. In der prospektiven therapiebegleitenden Ultraschalluntersuchung liessen sich die palmaren Knoten bei allen 15 Patienten darstellen. Die mittere Knotenquerschnittsflaeche betrug praetherapeutisch 31,7{+-}17,8 mm{sup 2} und posttherapeutisch 24,8{+-}19,4 mm{sup 2}. Insgesamt nahm unter der Therapie bei 53% der Patienten die Knotengroesse ab, bei 27% blieb sie stabil und bei 20% liess sich eine Progression nachweisen. Die Roentgenweichstrahltherapie besitzt einen nachweisbaren, der operativen Therapie vergleichbaren Effekt bei der D.K. Die 7,5-MHz-Ultraschalldiagnostik ist geeignet, zur Verlaufskontrolle bei konservativen Therapieverfahren der D.K. zu dienen. (orig./MG)

  18. Patterns of dupuytren disease in fingers : studying correlations with a multivariate ordinal logit model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanting, Rosanne M.D.; Nooraee, Nazanin; Werker, Paul M.N.; van den Heuvel, Edwin R.

    BACKGROUND: Dupuytren disease affects fingers in a variable fashion. Knowledge about specific disease patterns (phenotype) based on location and severity of the disease is lacking. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 344 primary affected hands with Dupuytren disease were physically examined. The

  19. In the palm of your hand : prevalence, disease patterns and natural course of Dupuytren Disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanting, Rosanne

    2014-01-01

    De ziekte van Dupuytren is een aandoening van de bindweefselplaat in de hand en vingers, waarbij knobbels en strengen in de handpalm voorkomen. Dit kan leiden tot een kromstand van de vingers en op dit moment zijn er geen mogelijkheden om de ziekte van Dupuytren te genezen of te voorkomen. Met ons

  20. In the palm of your hand : prevalence, disease patterns and natural course of Dupuytren Disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanting, Rosanne

    2014-01-01

    De ziekte van Dupuytren is een aandoening van de bindweefselplaat in de hand en vingers, waarbij knobbels en strengen in de handpalm voorkomen. Dit kan leiden tot een kromstand van de vingers en op dit moment zijn er geen mogelijkheden om de ziekte van Dupuytren te genezen of te voorkomen. Met ons o

  1. Patterns of dupuytren disease in fingers : studying correlations with a multivariate ordinal logit model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanting, Rosanne M.D.; Nooraee, Nazanin; Werker, Paul M.N.; van den Heuvel, Edwin R.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Dupuytren disease affects fingers in a variable fashion. Knowledge about specific disease patterns (phenotype) based on location and severity of the disease is lacking. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 344 primary affected hands with Dupuytren disease were physically examined. The

  2. A prospective study linked both alcohol and tobacco to Dupuytren's disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godtfredsen, Nina S; Lucht, Hasse; Prescott, Eva;

    2004-01-01

    To address the role of alcohol intake and tobacco smoking and the combination of the two on subsequent risk of Dupuytren's disease.......To address the role of alcohol intake and tobacco smoking and the combination of the two on subsequent risk of Dupuytren's disease....

  3. GLYCOSAMINOGLYCANS AND PROTEOGLYCANS IN PALMAR FASCIA OF PATIENTS WITH DUPUYTREN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nascimento, Priscilla Carneiro Hirai; Kobayashi, Elsa Yoko; Lenzi, Luiz Guilherme de Saboya; Dos Santos, João Baptista Gomes; Nader, Helena Bonciani; Faloppa, Flávio

    2016-01-01

    : To evaluate and compare the behavior of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in Dupuytren disease (DD). : This is an experimental study with 23 patients diagnosed with DD. Tissue collected through fasciectomy with incision type Brunner or McCash were evaluated by electrophoresis for identification of GAGs. The quantification was carried out by immunofluorescence and dosage of proteins for different types of glycosaminoglycans. The results were expressed in percentage and statistically evaluated. : A significant increase was observed through eletrophoresis in GAGs, as compared to the control (pDupuytren's disease, mainly dermatan sulfate, was evident from our results, as well as a pronounced decrease of hyaluronic acid in the palmar aponeurosis from the same patients. Level of Evidence III, Case-Control Study.

  4. Management of posttraumatic proximal interphalangeal joint contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houshian, Shirzad; Jing, Shan Shan; Chikkamuniyappa, Chandrasekar; Kazemian, Gholam Hussein; Emami-Moghaddam-Tehrani, Mohammad

    2013-08-01

    Chronic flexion contracture of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint presents a common yet challenging problem to hand surgeons. Over the years, multiple treatment modalities have been described for this problem, producing limited results. Nonoperative treatment using serial casting and splints should be tried before attempting open surgical release, which should be done in selected patients. The use of external fixation for treating PIP contracture has been encouraging and can be a useful alterative. This review provides an update on the current management of PIP joint contractures and presents a flowchart of treatment to aid decision making. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Utilización de implantes de silicona en la enfermedad de Dupuytren Use of silicone implants in Dupuytren's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Ballesta Alcaraz

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de la enfermedad de Dupuytren mediante la utilización de unos implantes de silicona que se colocan en la palma de la mano una vez efectuada la aponeurectomia. Efectuamos este tratamiento en un grupo de 44 pacientes afectos de dicha enfermedad a los que hemos aplicado unos criterios de selección tales como el grado de afectación y que no fueran manos ya intervenidas con anterioridad. La idea es presentar una técnica quirúrgica que soluciona de una manera eficaz un determinado tipo de casos. La tolerancia y resultados dan validez a la técnica.We present our experience in the treatment of Dupuytren's disease by the use of a silicone implants in the palm of the hand after the aponeurectomy. The above mentioned treatment has been carried out in a group of 44 patients with Dupuytren's disease to whom we have applied selection criteria such as afectation degree and were not operated hands. The idea is to present a surgical technique that solves in an effective way specific cases. The tolerance and the obtained results state that the technique is valid.

  6. Spasticity and muscle contracture following stroke

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Dwyer, N J; Ada, L; Neilson, P D

    1996-01-01

    .... A variety of studies suggest that spasticity is a distinct problem and separate from the loss of dexterity, but that it may be implicated in the formation of muscle contracture and even in the recovery of strength...

  7. Plantarflexion Contracture in the mdx Mouse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garlich, Michael W.; Baltgalvis, Kristen A.; Call, Jarrod A.; Dorsey, Lisa L.; Lowe, Dawn A.

    2012-01-01

    Objective Contractures are a major clinical issue for patients with muscular dystrophies. However, it is unknown whether contractures are present in the widely used mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to develop methods to measure muscle contractures in mice, to determine whether plantarflexion contractures are present in mdx mice, and to analyze the composition of the major muscles involved. Design Hindlimbs of eight wild type and six mdx mice were assessed every 2 wks during the course of a 12-wk study. Assessments included range of motion and in vivo torques about the ankle. At the end of the study, mice were euthanized, and muscles were analyzed for composition. Results The mdx mice had ~10 degrees less dorsiflexion, increased passive torque moving the ankle into dorsiflexion, and an increased passive-to-active torque ratio relative to wild type mice. Gastrocnemius muscle composition alterations included increased wet mass, decreased protein content, and increased collagen. Conclusions The results indicate that mdx mice have plantarflexion contractures similar to those seen in children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. In future studies, these measures can be used to assess strategies to slow the progression of contractures that occur with muscular dystrophies. PMID:21403594

  8. Deltoid contracture: A study of nineteen cases

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    Banerji Debabrata

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Deltoid contracture is not uncommon in India. Contractures of deltoid often do not have definite etiology. We have critically analyzed the condition as regards the etiopathogenesis and its surgical results. Materials and Methods: Nineteen patients with deltoid contracture operated between June 1990 and September 2001 were enrolled for a unicentric retrospective study. The surgery was indicated in patients with abduction deformity of more than 30° at the shoulder. The etiology of deltoid contracture was idiopathic ( n = 13 intramuscular injection in deltoid muscle ( n = 5 and blunt trauma ( n = 1. All were operated by distal release (incision near the insertion of the deltoid muscle. The average follow-up was of 9.5 years (range 6-17 years. They were evaluated based on parameters like pain, persistence of deformity, range of shoulder movements and strength of deltoid. Results: All patients recovered painless full range of shoulder motion except one. The correction of deformity was achieved in all patients and there was no loss of strength of deltoid compared to the opposite side. Histology of excised tissue showed features of chronic inflammation. The complications observed were hypertrophic scar ( n = 1, painful terminal restriction of shoulder movements ( n = 1 and prominent vertebral border of scapula ( n = 1. Conclusion: Deltoid contracture has features of chronic inflammation, and the intramuscular deltoid injection is the most incriminating factor in its etiopathogenesis. The condition can be effectively managed surgically by distal release of the deltoid muscle combined with excision of the muscular fibrotic contracture band.

  9. Reversal of TGF-β1 stimulation of α-smooth muscle actin and extracellular matrix components by cyclic AMP in Dupuytren's - derived fibroblasts

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    Johnson Sandra

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Myofibroblasts, a derived subset of fibroblasts especially important in scar formation and wound contraction, have been found at elevated levels in affected Dupuytren's tissues. Transformation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts is characterized by expression of alpha- smooth muscle actin (α-SMA and increased production of extracellular matrix (ECM components, both events of relevance to connective tissue remodeling. We propose that increasing the activation of the cyclic AMP (cAMP/protein kinase A signaling pathway will inhibit transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1-induced ECM synthesis and myofibroblast formation and may provide a means to blunt fibrosis. Methods Fibroblasts derived from areas of Dupuytren's contracture cord (DC, from adjacent and phenotypically normal palmar fascia (PF, and from palmar fascia from patients undergoing carpal tunnel release (CTR; CT were treated with TGF-β1 (2 ng/ml and/or forskolin (10 μM (a known stimulator of cAMP. Total RNA and protein extracted was subjected to real time RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Results The basal mRNA expression levels of fibronectin- extra domain A (FN1-EDA, type I (COL1A2 and type III collagen (COL3A1, and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF were all significantly increased in DC- and in PF-derived cells compared to CT-derived fibroblasts. The TGF-β1 stimulation of α-SMA, CTGF, COL1A2 and COL3A1 was greatly inhibited by concomitant treatment with forskolin, especially in DC-derived cells. In contrast, TGF-β1 stimulation of FN1-EDA showed similar levels of reduction with the addition of forskolin in all three cell types. Conclusion In sum, increasing cAMP levels show potential to inhibit the formation of myofibroblasts and accumulation of ECM components. Molecular agents that increase cAMP may therefore prove useful in mitigating DC progression or recurrence.

  10. [Paleopathology of deafness: skulls of the Dupuytren Museum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benmoussa, Nadia; Muller, A -L; Kerner, J; Josset, P; Conan, P; Charlier, P

    2015-01-01

    In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Dupuytren Museum was indispensable for the knowledge of pathological anatomy for physicians and surgeons. Nowadays, it is more a museum than a learning unit, but it provides an opportunity to understand through numerous scientific studies the origin of diseases, injuries mechanism and the functional consequences of which could suffer some patients. This study illustrates the interest of the study on pieces in pathological anatomy's museums, this time across selected skulls which belonged to hearing loss people. bizarre.

  11. The Efficacy and Safety of Concurrent Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Injections for 2 Dupuytren Contractures in the Same Hand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaston, R. G.; Larsen, Søren; Pess, G. M.

    2015-01-01

    participated in a 60-day, multicenter, open-label, phase 3b study. Two 0.58 mg CCH doses were injected into 1 or 2 cords in the same hand (1 injection per affected joint) during the same visit. Finger extension was performed approximately 24, 48, or 72 or more hours later. Changes in FFC and range of motion...

  12. Adipose-derived stem cells inhibit the contractile myofibroblast in Dupuytren's disease.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoekx, J.S.; Mudera, V.; Walbeehm, E.T.; Hovius, S.E.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In an attempt to provide minimally invasive treatment for Dupuytren's disease, percutaneous disruption of the affected tissue followed by lipografting is being tested. Contractile myofibroblasts drive this fibroproliferative disorder, whereas stem cells have recently been implicated in

  13. Adipose-derived stem cells inhibit the contractile myofibroblast in Dupuytren's disease.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoekx, J.S.; Mudera, V.; Walbeehm, E.T.; Hovius, S.E.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In an attempt to provide minimally invasive treatment for Dupuytren's disease, percutaneous disruption of the affected tissue followed by lipografting is being tested. Contractile myofibroblasts drive this fibroproliferative disorder, whereas stem cells have recently been implicated in p

  14. Dupuytren’s contracture of hand and its medical and social review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. O. Vishnevskiy

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Dupuytren's contracture is a disease of connective tissue with the affection of palmar aponeurosis, frequently with chronic recurrent course, the flexion deformities of fingers and dysfunction of the hand. It composed 11,8 % among of all types of the hand pathology. The mostly it develops in men of middle-aged and elderly. At young age it occurs more rarely, but with fast progressing current, which in 67 % of cases leads to impaired ability to perform professional hand-work and in 3 % patients to physical inability. Predisposing factors for this fibromatosis are numerous, but one of the popular opinion among of authors is a hereditary character of disease. In clinical practice, the most frequently used fourth degree’s classification of Dupuytren's contracture includes severity of deformation and function disorders of the hand. It is correspond to the normative standards of medical and social expertise The aim of research: to specify the most optimal methods of surgical treatment, the criteria of medical and social examination and rehabilitation, clinical and labor prognosis, indications to establishment of disability after operations concerning of Dupuytren’s contracture. In our clinic was performed three methods of operation: aponeurotomia “open hand”, partial aponeuroectomia, total aponeuroectomia. Errors in the treatment of palmar fibromatosis we shared on: preoperated, intraoperated and associated with violations of the mode of rehabilitation. The next clinical observation of 68 patients (up to 3 years after surgery with Dupuytren’s contracture of hand showed the recurrence rate amounted to 31,7%, and physical inability level is 5,9% of cases. In our opinion the most optimal operative methodic is total aponeuroectomia with rational surgical approaches. Clinical and labour prognosis depends on the manifestations of disease which can develop regardless of the stage, methods of treatment and patient's age. Disadvantageous

  15. Sensory innervation of rat contracture shoulder model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochiai, Nobuyasu; Ohtori, Seiji; Kenmoku, Tomonori; Yamazaki, Hironori; Ochiai, Satoko; Saisu, Takashi; Matsuki, Keisuke; Takahashi, Kazuhisa

    2013-02-01

    To date, few studies have investigated the cause of pain experienced by patients with frozen shoulder. The purposes of this study were to establish a rat contracture model and clarify the innervation pattern of the glenohumeral (GH) joint and subacromial bursa (SAB) using immunohistochemistry in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. The rat contracture models were made by tying the animal's humerus and scapula with No. 2-0 FiberWire (Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA). Contracture was confirmed on x-ray images taken 8 weeks after the operation. Subsequently, two kinds of neurotracers, Fluoro-Gold (FG) (Fluorochrome, Denver, CO, USA) and 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-indocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI) (Molecular Probes, Eugene, OR, USA), were used to detect the GH joints and SAB separately. FG tracers were injected into GH joints, and DiI tracers were injected into the SAB. At 7 days after injection, DRGs were harvested between C1 and T1. Immunohistochemistry by use of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was performed. CGRP is thought to be one of the causes of pain sensation in joint disease. We evaluated the percentages of FG-labeled CGRP-immunoreactive (CGRP-ir) neurons in the total number of FG-labeled neurons and of DiI-labeled CGRP-ir neurons in the total number of DiI-labeled neurons. Abduction and total arc of the rotation were statistically significantly decreased in the contracture group. Furthermore, the percentage of CGRP-ir DRG neurons was significantly higher in the contracture group in both the GH joint and SAB. These results show that pain sensation in rat shoulder contracture may be induced by the up-regulation of CGRP expression in DRG neurons. Copyright © 2013 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. [Surgical strategy for postburn cervical scar contracture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Shaoqing; Su, Weijie; Xi, Wenjing; Min, Peiru; Pu, Zheming; Zhang, Yan; Zhang, Yixin

    2015-08-01

    To explore the surgical strategy for postburn cervical scar contracture. Sixty-five patients with scar contracture as a result of burn injury in the neck were hospitalized from July 2013 to July 2014. Release of cervical scar contracture was conducted according to different demands of the 3 anatomic subunits of neck, i.e. lower lip vermilion border-supramaxillary region, submaxillary region, and anterior region of neck. After release of contracture, platysma was released. For some cases with chin retrusion, genioplasty with horizontal osteotomy was performed. The coverage of wound followed the principle of similarity, i.e. the skin tissue covering the wound in the neck should be similar to the characters of skin around the wound in terms of color, texture, and thickness. Based on this principle, except for the preschool children in whom skin grafting was performed, the wounds of the other patients were covered by local skin flaps, adjacent skin flaps, or free skin flaps. All patients underwent release of scar and platysma, while 9 patients underwent genioplasty with horizontal osteotomy. Wounds were covered with local skin flaps in 32 patients, with adjacent skin flaps in 7 patients, with free skin flaps in 11 patients, and with skin grafts in 15 patients. All skin grafts and flaps survived. Good range of motion was achieved in the neck of all patients, with the cervicomental angle after reconstruction ranging from 90 to 120°. All patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months. Six patients who had undergone skin grafting were found to have some degrees of skin contracture, while none of the patients who had undergone flap coverage showed any signs of contracture recurrence. Restoration of the cervicomental angle is critical in the treatment of postburn cervical scar contracture, and the release of scar contracture should conform to the subunit principle. The coverage of wound should be based on the principle of similarity, with repair by skin flaps as the first

  17. Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita: Multiple Congenital Joint Contractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamza Sucuoglu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC is a syndrome characterized by nonprogressive multiple congenital joint contractures. The etiology of disease is multifactorial; it is most commonly suspected from absent fetal movements and genetic defects. AMC affects mainly limbs; also it might present with other organs involvement. It is crucial that the diagnosis of AMC should be kept in mind by musculoskeletal physicians in newborns with multiple joint contractures and patients must begin rehabilitation in early stage after accurate diagnosis in terms of functional independence. We present the diagnosis, types, clinical features, and treatment approaches of this disease in our case with literature reviews.

  18. Risk factors in Dupuytren's diathesis: is recurrence after surgery predictable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degreef, Ilse; De Smet, Luc

    2011-02-01

    In order to investigate the prognostic value of possible risk factors for Dupuytren's diathesis, clinical parameters on disease presentation in an operated group of patients were compared with self-reported recurrence after a minimum 2 years follow-up. In order of significance, the following factors were found to be significantly correlated with disease recurrence : age of onset under 50 years (p = 0.01), bilateral disease (p = 0.01), Ledderhose disease (p = 0.01), first ray involvement (p = 0.02), multiple ray involvement (more than 2 digits, p = 0.02), ectopic fibromatosis (p = 0.02), family occurrence (p = 0.04) and male gender (p = 0.05). No correlation of self-reported disease recurrence was seen with diabetes, frozen shoulder syndrome or epilepsy. An insight in the significance of the influence of specific risk factors on recurrence rates, helps in creating a clearer representation of Dupuytren's diathesis. This will help the surgeon to more accurately inform the patient and possibly to reconsider and adjust the choice in treatment options.

  19. First identification of resident and circulating fibrocytes in Dupuytren's disease shown to be inhibited by serum amyloid P and Xiapex.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Amir Iqbal

    Full Text Available Dupuytren's disease (DD is a common progressive fibroproliferative disorder causing permanent digital contracture. Proliferative myofibroblasts are thought to be the cells responsible for DD initiation and recurrence, although their source remains unknown. DD tissue has also been shown to harbor mesenchymal and hematopoietic stem cells. Fibrocytes are circulating cells that show characteristics of fibroblasts and they express surface markers for both hematopoietic and mesenchymal stromal cells. Fibrocytes differentiate from peripheral CD14+ mononuclear cells, which can be inhibited by serum amyloid P (SAP. In this study we have demonstrated the presence of fibrocytes in DD blood and tissue, moreover we have evaluated the effects of SAP and Xiapex (Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum on fibrocytes derived from DD. H&E staining showed typical Spindle shaped morphology of fibrocytes. FACS analysis based on a unique combination of 3 markers, revealed the increased presence of fibrocytes in blood and tissue of DD patients. Additionally, immunohistology of DD nodule and cord tissue showed the presence of collagen 1+/CD34+ cells. No difference in plasma SAP levels was observed between DD and control. Higher concentrations of SAP significantly inhibited fibrocytes differentiated from DD derived monocytes compared to control. DD fascia derived fibrocytes showed resistance to growth inhibition by SAP, particularly nodule derived fibrocytes showed robust growth even at higher SAP concentrations compared to control. DD derived fibrocytes were positive for typical fibrocyte dual markers, i.e. Collagen 1/LSP-1 and collagen 1/CD34. Xiapex was more effective in inhibiting the growth of nodule derived cells compared to commercially available collagenase A. Our results show for the first time the increased presence of fibrocytes in DD patient's blood and disease tissue compared to control tissue. Additionally, we evaluate the response of these fibrocytes to SAP

  20. Effects of contracture on gait kinematics: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attias, Michael; Chevalley, Odile; Bonnefoy-Mazure, Alice; De Coulon, Geraldo; Cheze, Laurence; Armand, Stéphane

    2016-03-01

    Contractures of a major joint in the lower limbs may impair human walking in addition to other daily living activities. A contracture is defined as the inability of a joint to perform the full range of motion and excessive resistance during passive mobilization of the joint. Few studies have reported methods describing how to evaluate contractures. Understanding the association among all of these studies seems essential to improve patient management. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review on this topic to elucidate the influence of contractures on gait kinematics. An electronic search in the literature will be conducted. Studies were screened by title and abstract and full texts were evaluated secondarily for definitive inclusion. The quality of the included studies was assessed independently by the two review authors with the Modified Quality Assessment Checklist. The included studies were separated into three categories: pathological contracture versus healthy controls (descriptive), simulated contracture versus healthy controls (experimental), and pre- and post-kinematics after surgical muscle lengthening (surgery). From a total of 4402 references, 112 original articles were selected, and 28 studies were identified in this systematic review. No significant difference between raters was observed on the total score of the Modified Quality Assessment Checklist. Contractures influence walking depending on the location (muscle) and the contracture level (muscle-tendon length). After giving a definition of contracture, this review identified some contracture alterations, such as plantarflexion, knee flexion and hip flexion contractures, with a kinematic description and presented possible different compensations. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Elevated transforming growth factor β and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways mediate fibrotic traits of Dupuytren's disease fibroblasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krause Carola

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dupuytren's disease is a fibroproliferative disorder of the palmar fascia. The treatment used to date has mostly been surgery, but there is a high recurrence rate. Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β has been implicated as a key stimulator of myofibroblast activity and fascial contraction in Dupuytren's disease. Results We studied Dupuytren's fibroblasts in tissues ex vivo and in cells cultured in vitro and found increased TGF-β expression compared to control fibroblasts. This correlated not only with elevated expression and activation of downstream Smad effectors but also with overactive extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2/mitogen-activated protein (MAP kinase signalling. Treatment with the TGF-β type I receptor kinase inhibitor SB-431542 and bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP6 led to inhibition of elevated Smad and ERK1/2/MAP kinase signalling as well as to inhibition of the increased contractility of Dupuytren's fibroblasts. BMP6 attenuated TGF-β expression in Dupuytren's fibroblasts, but not in control fibroblasts. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF expression was strongly promoted by TGF-β in Dupuytren's fibroblasts and was curbed by SB-431542 or BMP6 treatment. High basal expression of phosphorylated ERK1/2 MAP kinase and fibroproliferative markers was attenuated in Dupuytren's fibroblasts by a selective PDGF receptor kinase inhibitor. Cotreatment of Dupuytren's fibroblasts with SB-431542 and the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 inhibitor PD98059 was sufficient to abrogate proliferation and contraction of Dupuytren's fibroblasts. Conclusions Both TGF-β and ERK1/2 MAP kinase pathways cooperated in mediating the enhanced proliferation and high spontaneous contraction of Dupuytren's fibroblasts. Our data indicate that both signalling pathways are prime targets for the development of nonsurgical intervention strategies to treat Dupuytren's disease.

  2. Osteogenesis imperfecta with joint contractures: Bruck syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blacksin, M.F. [Department of Radiology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 150 Bergen St., Rm. C320, Newark, NJ 07103-2426 (United States); Pletcher, B.A. [Center for Human and Molecular Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey (United States); David, M. [Department of Radiology, Newark-Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey (United States)

    1998-02-01

    We describe an Egyptian boy with osteogenesis imperfecta who was born with thumb contractures and bilateral antecubital pterygia. He was seen at 16 months of age with femur and tibial fractures, thoracic vertebral compression fractures, scoliosis and Wormian bones. The findings are consistent with a diagnosis of Bruck syndrome. (orig.) With 1 fig., 5 refs.

  3. Dupuytren disease is highly prevalent in male field hockey players aged over 60 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broekstra, Dieuwke C; van den Heuvel, Edwin R; Lanting, Rosanne; Harder, Tom; Smits, Inge; Werker, Paul M N

    2016-09-22

    Dupuytren disease is a fibroproliferative hand condition. The role of exposure to vibration as a risk factor has been studied with contradictory results. Since field hockey is expected to be a strong source of hand-arm vibration, we hypothesised that long-term exposure to field hockey is associated with Dupuytren disease. In this cross-sectional cohort study, the hands of 169 male field hockey players (IQR: 65-71 years) and 156 male controls (IQR: 59-71 years) were examined for signs of Dupuytren disease. Details about their age, lifestyle factors, medical history, employment history and leisure activities were gathered. Prior to the analyses, the groups were balanced in risk factors using propensity score matching. The association between field hockey and Dupuytren disease was determined using a subject-specific generalised linear mixed model with a binomial distribution and logit link function (matched pairs analysis). Dupuytren disease was observed in 51.7% of the field hockey players, and in 13.8% of the controls. After propensity score matching, field hockey playing as dichotomous variable, was associated with Dupuytren disease (OR=9.42, 95% CI 3.01 to 29.53). A linear dose-response effect of field hockey (hours/week x years) within the field hockey players could not be demonstrated (OR=1.03, 95% CI 0.68 to 1.56). We found that field hockey playing has a strong association with the presence of Dupuytren disease. Clinicians in sports medicine should be alert to this less common diagnosis in this sport. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  4. A ten years follow-up of the results of surgery for Dupuytren's disease. A study of fifty-eight cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norotte, G; Apoil, A; Travers, V

    1988-01-01

    Fifty-eight patients (52 males and 6 females) operated on for Dupuytren contracture were examined by the same author with a more than ten year follow-up. At time of surgery the average was 55 years old. 69 hands (169 fingers) rated 4.33 according to the simplified Tubiana's score were treated by the same operative procedure: Mac Indoe's incision, digital Z plasty (if needed), subtotal fasciectomy and physiotherapy beginning 8 days postoperatively. At long term, recurrence appears for 49 hands (71%) one every two in the two first postoperative years, one out of five after five years. 24 of them were graded stage I. The recurrence appeared 14 times associated with an extension of the disease and the earlier, the higher was the initial stage. Some factors seem to be of a bad prognosis regarding recurrence: age (93% of recurrence under 50 years old) Ledderhose or Lapeyronie (100%) other associated diseases (Alcoholism, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy) and severe preoperative stage. Subjective results are good: 45 patients are satisfied and only 3 underwent a second operation.

  5. [Characteristics of Dupuytren's disease in women. A study of 67 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferry, N; Lasserre, G; Pauchot, J; Lepage, D; Tropet, Y

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this study was to identify the clinical differences of the Dupuytren's disease in gender. Testosterone induces an increase of the Dupuytren's fibroblast proliferation via androgen's receptors. Testosterone rate increases during pregnancy and menopausis. We also reached a link between this factors and the clinical aspects of Dupuytren' disease in the women of our study. This retrospective, comparative study was about all women and a randomized number of men, who underwent surgery for Dupuytren' disease between 1980 and 2010. We analysed all the epidemiologic and clinical data, the surgery procedures and the complications. Pre- and postoperative measurements of the extension lack of all the joints were performed with a manual goniometer. Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire was used to evaluate the patients function. This specific data of women were reached. Sixty-seven women and 69 men were compared. The complex regional pain syndrome was significantly more common in women and the correction of the proximal interphalangeal joint was significantly lower in women. Recurrence rate and mean follow up were not statistically different. Mean DASH score was higher in women. We have not found any association between menopausis, pregnancy and the average age at presentation of the disease, the recurrence rate or the extension rate. The prognosis of the Dupuytren's disease is worse in women than in men. Other studies are necessary to reach the link between the testosterone and the clinical history of the disease in women. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  6. Prevention of Posttraumatic Contractures with Ketotifen (PERK)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    Calgary 3280 Hospital Drive NW Calgary, AB T2N 4Z6 Canada hildebrk@ucalgary.ca RE: OR160026 - “Prevention of Post-Traumatic Contractures with...Army Medical Research and Materiel Command Fort Detrick, Maryland 21702-5012 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT: Approved for Public Release; Distribution...0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing

  7. Postburn Neck Lateral Contracture Anatomy and Treatment: A New Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grishkevich, Viktor M; Grishkevich, Max

    2015-01-01

    Lateral contracture of the neck is a rare and insufficiently researched burn consequent. Contracture restricts head motion, can cause a secondary face deformity, presents severe cosmetic defects, and, therefore, requires surgical reconstruction. Literature does not sufficiently address the issue; therefore, anatomy not researched and treatment techniques not developed. The anatomy of postburn lateral cervical flexion contracture was studied in 21 operated patients. Using obtained data, new approaches were investigated, which were directed toward maximal efficacy of the local tissues use. Follow-up results were observed from 6 months to 9 years. Lateral cervical contractures were divided into two types based on their anatomy: edge and medial. Edge contractures were caused by burns and scars located on the posterior neck surface and were characterized by the presence of the fold in central lateral zone. In the fold, only one (posterior) sheet is scars that cause the contracture. Medial contractures were caused by scars located on the lateral cervical surface and were characterized by the presence of the fold in which both sheets were scars. In both types, contracture was caused by scar sheet surface deficiency in length, which has a trapezoid form (contracture cause). In all cases, there was surface surplus in the fold's sheets allowed contracture release with local tissue. The technique that allows the maximum local tissue use and ensures full contracture elimination is the trapeze-flap plasty. Two anatomic types of lateral cervical scar contractures were identified: edge and medial. An anatomically justified efficacy reconstructive technique for both types is trapeze-flap plasty.

  8. Capsular Contracture after Breast Augmentation: An Update for Clinical Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Headon, Hannah; Kasem, Adbul

    2015-01-01

    Capsular contracture is the most common complication following implant based breast surgery and is one of the most common reasons for reoperation. Therefore, it is important to try and understand why this happens, and what can be done to reduce its incidence. A literature search using the MEDLINE database was conducted including search terms 'capsular contracture breast augmentation', 'capsular contracture pathogenesis', 'capsular contracture incidence', and 'capsular contracture management', which yielded 82 results which met inclusion criteria. Capsular contracture is caused by an excessive fibrotic reaction to a foreign body (the implant) and has an overall incidence of 10.6%. Risk factors that were identified included the use of smooth (vs. textured) implants, a subglandular (vs. submuscular) placement, use of a silicone (vs. saline) filled implant and previous radiotherapy to the breast. The standard management of capsular contracture is surgical via a capsulectomy or capsulotomy. Medical treatment using the off-label leukotriene receptor antagonist Zafirlukast has been reported to reduce severity and help prevent capsular contracture from forming, as has the use of acellular dermal matrices, botox and neopocket formation. However, nearly all therapeutic approaches are associated with a significant rate of recurrence. Capsular contracture is a multifactorial fibrotic process the precise cause of which is still unknown. The incidence of contracture developing is lower with the use of textured implants, submuscular placement and the use of polyurethane coated implants. Symptomatic capsular contracture is usually managed surgically, however recent research has focussed on preventing capsular contracture from occurring, or treating it with autologous fat transfer. PMID:26430623

  9. Joint contracture following prolonged stay in the intensive care unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clavet, Heidi; Hébert, Paul C.; Fergusson, Dean; Doucette, Steve; Trudel, Guy

    2008-01-01

    Background Prolonged immobility during a critical illness may predispose patients to the development of joint contracture. We sought to document the incidence of, the risk factors for and the reversibility of joint contractures among patients who stayed in a tertiary intensive care unit (ICU) for 2 weeks or longer. Methods We conducted a chart review to collect data on the presence of and risk factors for joint contractures in the shoulders, elbows, hips, knees and ankles among patients admitted to the ICU between January 2003 and March 2005. Results At the time of transfer out of the ICU, at least 1 joint contracture was recorded in 61 (39%) of 155 patients; 52 (34%) of the patients had joint contractures of an extent documented to impair function. Time spent in the ICU was a significant risk factor for contracture: a stay of 8 weeks or longer was associated with a significantly greater risk of any joint contracture than a stay of 2 to 3 weeks (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 7.09, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.29–38.9; p = 0.02). Among the variables tested, only the use of steroids conferred a protective effect against joint contractures (adjusted OR 0.35, 95% CI 0.14–0.83; p = 0.02). At the time of discharge to home, which occurred a median of 6.6 weeks after transfer out of intensive care, 50 (34%) of the 147 patients not lost to follow-up still had 1 or more joint contractures, and 34 (23%) of the patients had at least 1 functionally significant joint contracture. Interpretation Following a prolonged stay in the ICU, a functionally significant contracture of a major joint occurred in more than one-third of patients, and most of these contractures persisted until the time of discharge to home. PMID:18332384

  10. Prevention and Surgical Management of Postburn Contractures of the Hand

    OpenAIRE

    Fufa, Duretti T; Chuang, Shiow-Shuh; Yang, Jui-Yung

    2013-01-01

    In addition to burn surgeons, skilled nurses, and therapists, hand surgeons are a key part of the multidisciplinary team caring for patients following thermal injury to the hand. Despite appropriate initial treatment and compressive therapy, contractures are common after deep burn. The most common and functionally limiting are web space and hand contractures. Web space contractures can be managed with excision followed by local soft tissue rearrangement or skin grafting. The classic burn claw...

  11. Arthroscopic Gluteal Muscle Contracture Release With Radiofrequency Energy

    OpenAIRE

    LIU Yu-jie; Wang, Yan; Xue, Jing; Lui, Pauline Po-Yee; Chan, Kai-Ming

    2008-01-01

    Gluteal muscle contracture is common after repeated intramuscular injections and sometimes is sufficiently debilitating to require open surgery. We asked whether arthroscopic release of gluteal muscle contracture using radiofrequency energy would decrease complications with clinically acceptable results. We retrospectively reviewed 108 patients with bilateral gluteal muscle contractures (57 males, 51 females; mean age, 23.7 years). We used inferior, anterosuperior, and posterosuperior portals...

  12. Incidence of postoperative elbow contracture release in New York State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrumpf, Mark A; Lyman, Stephen; Do, Huong; Schreiber, Joseph J; Gay, David M; Marx, Robert; Daluiski, Aaron

    2013-09-01

    To determine the incidence of elbow contracture requiring release after surgically treated elbow trauma and to identify patient, injury, and treatment factors that may predict contracture development. The New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database identified 32,708 patients who were surgically treated for elbow trauma from 1997 to 2009. The database identified 270 of those patients who underwent subsequent contracture release. The median time from index fracture procedure to contracture release was 31 weeks. Patients requiring a contracture release were younger (43 vs 56 y) and more commonly male (57%). Injuries classified as severe were more common in the contracture group (11% vs 5%), as were open fractures (17% vs 11%). A multivariate regression analysis revealed that patients with burns were 16 times more likely to require surgical contracture release, and the use of internal fixation to treat the fracture was protective against contracture development. The incidence of elbow contractures treated with release after surgically treated elbow trauma was low but increased with the severity of the initial trauma. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Leg contracture in mice: an assay of normal tissue response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stone, H.B.

    1984-07-01

    Leg contracture, defined as the difference in extensibility of the control and irradiated hind legs of mice, was found to correlate with single doses of radiation from about 20 to 80 Gy. The time of development of the early phase of the response coincided with that reported for the appearance of the acute skin response, and in some cases, partially reversed as this reaction healed. The contracture then progressed again at a moderate rate through 90 days, and then more slowly through one year. Skin contraction, measured by decrease in intertattoo distance, was assayed in the same mice. It followed the same time course as leg contracture, but had a different dose-response relationship. To determine the contribution of skin contraction to the overall leg contracture response, mice were sacrificed and the leg contracture measured before and after the removal of the skin of the leg. After doses of up to 30 Gy, little contracture remained from skinning the leg, indicating that skin contraction was largely responsible for leg contracture in this dose range. After doses of about 45 Gy and above, some contracture remained in the skinned legs, although less than in intact legs. There was little or no enhancement of either skin contraction or leg contracture by the hypoxic cell sensitizers metronidazole or misonidazole.

  14. Prevention and management of limb contractures in neuromuscular diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skalsky, Andrew J; McDonald, Craig M

    2012-08-01

    Limb contractures are a common impairment in neuromuscular diseases. They contribute to increased disability from decreased motor performance, mobility limitations, reduced functional range of motion, loss of function for activities of daily living, and increased pain. The pathogenesis of contractures is multifactorial. Myopathic conditions are associated with more severe limb contractures compared with neuropathic disorders. Although the evidence supporting the efficacy of multiple interventions to improve range of motion in neuromuscular diseases in a sustained manner is lacking, there are generally accepted principles with regard to splinting, bracing, stretching, and surgery that help minimize the impact or disability from contractures.

  15. Contribution of denervated muscle to contractures after neonatal brachial plexus injury: not just muscle fibrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolaou, Sia; Liangjun, Hu; Tuttle, Lori J; Weekley, Holly; Christopher, Wylie; Lieber, Richard L; Cornwall, Roger

    2014-03-01

    We investigated the contribution of muscle fibrosis to elbow flexion contractures in a murine model of neonatal brachial plexus injury (NBPI). Four weeks after NBPI, biceps and brachialis fibrosis were assessed histologically and compared with the timing of contracture development and the relative contribution of each muscle to contractures. Modulus of elasticity and hydroxyproline (collagen) content were measured and correlated with contracture severity. The effect of halofuginone antifibrotic therapy on fibrosis and contractures was investigated. Elbow contractures preceded muscle fibrosis development. The brachialis was less fibrotic than the biceps, yet contributed more to contractures. Modulus and hydroxyproline content increased in both elbow flexors, but neither correlated with contracture severity. Halofuginone reduced biceps fibrosis but did not reduce contracture severity. Contractures after NBPI cannot be explained solely by muscle fibrosis, arguing for investigation of alternate pathophysiologic targets for contracture prevention and treatment. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Knee contractures as the presenting manifestation of scleroderma.

    OpenAIRE

    Kane-Wanger, G; Ostrov, B E; FREUNDLICH, B.

    1992-01-01

    Musculoskeletal disorders may be the primary manifestations of scleroderma. The case is reported of a patient admitted for an evaluation of severe knee flexion contractures who was diagnosed as having scleroderma but lacked the typical presenting features of the disease. Radiographic, serological, and histological support for this diagnosis are presented. Scleroderma should be considered in the diagnostic evaluation of joint contractures.

  17. Total joint replacement in multiplex congenita contractures: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Cameron, Hugh U.

    1998-01-01

    A 34-year-old man with multiplex congenita contractures underwent replacement of 2 hips and 1 knee. Even though a good range of movement was achieved at surgery and intensive physiotherapy, his joints returned to their preoperative status within 2 years. This outcome suggests that total joint replacement has little to offer the patient with multiplex congenita contractures who has immobile joints.

  18. Prevalence of scar contractures after burn : A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterwijk, Anouk M; Mouton, Leonora J; Schouten, Hennie; Disseldorp, Laurien M; van der Schans, Cees P.; Nieuwenhuis, Marianne K

    OBJECTIVE: Burn scar contractures are the pathological outcome of excessive scarring and ongoing scar contraction. Impairment of joint range of motion is a threat to performing activities in daily living. To direct treatment strategies to prevent and/or correct such contractures, insight into the

  19. Prevalence of scar contractures after burn : A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterwijk, Anouk M; Mouton, Leonora J; Schouten, Hennie; Disseldorp, Laurien M; van der Schans, Cees P; Nieuwenhuis, Marianne K

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Burn scar contractures are the pathological outcome of excessive scarring and ongoing scar contraction. Impairment of joint range of motion is a threat to performing activities in daily living. To direct treatment strategies to prevent and/or correct such contractures, insight into the pr

  20. Postburn contracture treatment: a healthcare project in Bangladesh.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Paul, A.; Swapan, K.B.; Spronk, C.A.E.M.; Niemeijer, R.P.; Spauwen, P.H.M.

    2008-01-01

    Over the last 6 years, a health care program aimed at the surgical correction of postburn contractures has taken place in Faridpur, Bangladesh. People in this rural region are very poor and often cannot afford medical treatment. Often secondary flexion contractures of the face and chin as well as th

  1. Functional reconstruction of ischemic contracture in the lower limb

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Hao; ZHANG Shao-cheng; TAN Zhang-yong; ZHU Hong-wei; ZHANG Qiu-lin; LI Ming

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the method of functional reconstruction of ischemic contracture in the lower limb and propose a classification protocol for ischemic contracture in the lower limb based on its severity and prognosis.Methods: Atotal of 42 patients with ischemic contracture in the lower limb were included in this study. According to different types of disturbance and degrees of severity,surgical reconstructions consisting of nerve decompression,tendon lengthening or transfer, intrinsic foot muscle release and sural-tibial nerve anastomosis were performed in every patient.Results: Postoperatively, all patients were able to walk on flat ground. Drop foot was corrected in 10 patients,and 5 patients still felt some difficulty during stair activity.Split Achilles tendon transfer to flexor hallucis longus tendon was performed in 12 patients, and their walking stability was improved. Seven patients accepted ipsilateral suraltibial nerve anastomosis, and sensitivity recovery reached to S2 in 2 patients and S3 in 5 patients.Conclusions: Ischemic contracture in the lower limb is a devastating complication after lower limb trauma. The prevention of contracture is much more important than the treatment of an established contracture. Split Achilles tendon transfer to flexor hallucis longus tendon and sural-tibial nerve anastomosis, which was initially implemented by us, could improve the functional recovery of ischemic contracture in lower limbs, and thus provides a new alternative for functional reconstruction of ischemic contracture in the lower limb.

  2. Prevalence of scar contractures after burn : A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterwijk, Anouk M.; Mouton, Leonora J.; Schouten, Hennie; Disseldorp, Laurien M.; van der Schans, Cees P.; Nieuwenhuis, Marianne K.

    2017-01-01

    Objective: Burn scar contractures are the pathological outcome of excessive scarring and ongoing scar contraction. Impairment of joint range of motion is a threat to performing activities in daily living. To direct treatment strategies to prevent and/or correct such contractures, insight into the pr

  3. Avoiding unfavorable results in postburn contracture hand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharya, Sameek

    2013-01-01

    Deformities of the hands are a fairly common sequel of burn especially in the developing world. This is because of high incidence of burns, limited access to standard treatment and rehabilitation. The best outcome of a burnt hand is when deformities are prevented from developing. A good functional result is possible when due consideration is paid to hands during resuscitation, excisional surgery, reconstructive surgery and physiotherapy. The post-burns deformities of hand develop due direct thermal damage or secondary to intrinsic minus position due to oedema or vascular insufficiency. During the acute phase the concerns are, maintenance circulation minimize oedema prevent unphysiological positioning and wound closure with autogenous tissue as soon as possible. The rehabilitation program during the acute phase starts from day one and goes on till the hand has healed and has regained full range of motion. Full blown hand contractures are challenging to correct and become more difficult as time passes. Long-standing cases often land up with attenuation of extensor apparatus leading to swan neck and boutonniere deformity, muscle shortening and bony ankylosis. The major and most common pitfall after contracture release is relapse. The treatment protocol of contracture is solely directed towards countering this tendency. This article aims to guide a surgeon in obtaining optimal hand function and avoid pit falls at different stages of management of hand burns. The reasons of an unfavourable outcome of a burnt hand are possible lack of optimal care in the acute phase, while planning and performing reconstructive procedure and during aftercare and rehabilitation. PMID:24501479

  4. Avoiding unfavorable results in postburn contracture hand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sameek Bhattacharya

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Deformities of the hands are a fairly common sequel of burn especially in the developing world. This is because of high incidence of burns, limited access to standard treatment and rehabilitation. The best outcome of a burnt hand is when deformities are prevented from developing. A good functional result is possible when due consideration is paid to hands during resuscitation, excisional surgery, reconstructive surgery and physiotherapy. The post-burns deformities of hand develop due direct thermal damage or secondary to intrinsic minus position due to oedema or vascular insufficiency. During the acute phase the concerns are, maintenance circulation minimize oedema prevent unphysiological positioning and wound closure with autogenous tissue as soon as possible. The rehabilitation program during the acute phase starts from day one and goes on till the hand has healed and has regained full range of motion. Full blown hand contractures are challenging to correct and become more difficult as time passes. Long-standing cases often land up with attenuation of extensor apparatus leading to swan neck and boutonniere deformity, muscle shortening and bony ankylosis. The major and most common pitfall after contracture release is relapse. The treatment protocol of contracture is solely directed towards countering this tendency. This article aims to guide a surgeon in obtaining optimal hand function and avoid pit falls at different stages of management of hand burns. The reasons of an unfavourable outcome of a burnt hand are possible lack of optimal care in the acute phase, while planning and performing reconstructive procedure and during aftercare and rehabilitation.

  5. Potassium-induced contractures in crab (Callinectes danae) muscle fibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leal-Cardoso, J H; Suarez-Kurtz, G

    1984-01-01

    The contractures induced by 20-200 mM [K+]o in single crab muscle fibers were resolved into two components. The first component, consisting of single twitches or brief tetanic contractions, was associated with electrogenic membrane responses. The second occurred after spiking subsided with an amplitude that increased linearly with the [K+]o between 20 and 90 mM. The amplitude and time course of the contractures elicited by a given [K+]o differed markedly between different fibers. Contracture reproducibility of a single fiber was best when 90 mM [K+]o was used. The K-induced contractures were abolished after brief (3 min) exposure of the fibers to a calcium-free solution and were greatly depressed by 8 mM procaine. The data suggest that the contractures require both Ca2+-influx across the sarcolemma and release of Ca2+ stored in the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

  6. [Gluteal muscle contracture release for the treatment of gluteal muscle contracture induced knee osteoarthritis: a report of 52 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Cheng-xiang; Gong, Yu-suo; Li, Sheng-hua; Liu, Hai-ping; Chai, Xi-ping

    2011-07-01

    To investigate clinical efficacy and significance of gluteal muscle contracture release for the treatment of gluteal muscle contracture induced knee osteoarthritis. From January 2008 to June 2010,52 patients with gluteal muscle contracture induced knee osteoarthritis were reviewed. Among the patients,15 patients were male and 37 patients were female, ranging in age from 15 to 45 years, with an average of 35 years. Eighteen patients had left knee osteoarthritis, 30 patients had right osteoarthritis, and 4 patients had double knee osteoarthritis. All the patients were treated with gluteal muscle contracture release. Lysholm knee score was used to evaluate therapeutic effects before and after operation. All the patients were followed up,and the duration ranged from 12 to 37 years,with a mean of 15 months. The Lysholm knee score improved from preoperative (68.12 +/- 0.78) points to postoperative (91.23 +/- 0.47) points at the last follow-up, the difference had statistical difference (t=31.269, Pmuscle contracture release is effective to relieve symptoms of gluteal muscles contracture and knee osteoarthritis. The patients with gluteal muscle contracture should be treated early so as to prevent effects of gluteal muscle contracture on knee joint, slow down degeneration of knee joint at early stage, and prevent occurrence of knee osteoarthritis.

  7. Unraveling the signaling pathways promoting fibrosis in Dupuytren's disease reveals TNF as a therapeutic target

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.S. Verjee (Liaquat S); J.S.N. Verhoekx (Jennifer); J.K.K. Chan (James K K); T. Krausgruber (Thomas); V. Nicolaidou (Vicky); D. Izadi (David); D. Davidson (Dominique); H. Feldmann (Heinz); K.S. Midwood (Kim S); J. Nanchahal (Jagdeep)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractDupuytren's disease is a very common progressive fibrosis of the palm leading to flexion deformities of the digits that impair hand function. The cell responsible for development of the disease is the myofibroblast. There is currently no treatment for early disease or for preventing recu

  8. Epidemiology of Dupuytren disease unraveled : Prevalence, risk factors and disease course

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broekstra, Dieuwke

    2017-01-01

    Bij de meeste patiënten met de ziekte van Dupuytren verergert hun aandoening over tijd, hoewel er ook mensen zijn bij wie de ziekte stabiel is of zelfs verbetert. Dit is de belangrijkste bevinding uit dit proefschrift. Daarnaast hebben we geprobeerd factoren aan te wijzen die verergering kunnen

  9. Unraveling the signaling pathways promoting fibrosis in Dupuytren's disease reveals TNF as a therapeutic target

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.S. Verjee (Liaquat S); J.S.N. Verhoekx (Jennifer); J.K.K. Chan (James K K); T. Krausgruber (Thomas); V. Nicolaidou (Vicky); D. Izadi (David); D. Davidson (Dominique); H. Feldmann (Heinz); K.S. Midwood (Kim S); J. Nanchahal (Jagdeep)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractDupuytren's disease is a very common progressive fibrosis of the palm leading to flexion deformities of the digits that impair hand function. The cell responsible for development of the disease is the myofibroblast. There is currently no treatment for early disease or for preventing

  10. Results of partial fasciectomy for Dupuytren disease in 261 consecutive patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coert, JH; Nerin, JPB; Meek, MF

    Many different surgical techniques are still being used for Dupuytren disease. The outcome of 558 consecutive operations with 1 technique was reviewed. Distinct subgroups were made to detect risk factors for a poor outcome and complications. The mean follow-up time was 7.3 years. Younger patients

  11. Results of partial fasciectomy for Dupuytren disease in 261 consecutive patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coert, JH; Nerin, JPB; Meek, MF

    2006-01-01

    Many different surgical techniques are still being used for Dupuytren disease. The outcome of 558 consecutive operations with 1 technique was reviewed. Distinct subgroups were made to detect risk factors for a poor outcome and complications. The mean follow-up time was 7.3 years. Younger patients (f

  12. Further evidence of the involvement of the Wnt signaling pathway in Dupuytren's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ten Dam, Evert-Jan P. M.; van Beuge, Marike M.; Bank, Ruud A.; Werker, Paul M. N.

    2016-01-01

    Genetic background plays an important role in the development of Dupuytren's disease. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) showed that nine loci are associated with the disease, six of which contain genes that are involved in Wnt signaling (WNT2, WNT4, WNT7B, RSPO2, SFRP4, SULF1). To obtain insigh

  13. Dupuytren disease is highly prevalent in male field hockey players aged over 60 years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broekstra, Dieuwke C; van den Heuvel, Edwin R; Lanting, Rosanne; Harder, Tom; Smits, Inge; Werker, Paul M N

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND/AIM: Dupuytren disease is a fibroproliferative hand condition. The role of exposure to vibration as a risk factor has been studied with contradictory results. Since field hockey is expected to be a strong source of hand-arm vibration, we hypothesised that long-term exposure to field hocke

  14. Muscle contracture diagnosis: the role of sonoelastography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruschetta, Daniele; Milardi, Demetrio; Trimarchi, Fabio; DI Mauro, Debora; Valenti, Andrea; Arrigo, Alessandro; Valenti, Barbara; Santoro, Giuseppe; Cascio, Filippo; Vaccarino, Gianluigi; Cacciola, Alberto

    2016-12-01

    Sonoelastography plays today a major role in musculoskeletal disease, showing minor muscle injuries not well appreciable in conventional B-mode ultrasonography and integrating it in major muscle injuries diagnosis. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the ability of elastosonography in the diagnosis of muscular contracture in football players presenting negative basic echography. We examined twenty-two football players using basic echography and elastosonography approximately 24-48 hours after the traumatic event and we subsequently re-evaluated them after two weeks. Conventional echography showed, in the early stage, no muscle injuries; in twenty-two out of twenty-two patients, sonoelastography had instead underlined a heterogeneous colorimetric map, related to decreased elasticity in the area of the muscle contracture. An evaluation effected 1-2 weeks later showed a clear improvement of the sonoelastographic appearance. This information will be useful for prognostication, post-traumatic monitoring and to detect subclinical changes in MIs even before there are changes on the routine B-mode ultrasound.

  15. Simultaneous bilateral contracture of the infraspinatus muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franch, J; Bertran, J; Remolins, G; Fontecha, P; Díaz-Bertrana, M C; Durall, I

    2009-01-01

    A case of bilateral fibrotic contracture of the infraspinatus muscles in a five-year-old Belgian Shepherd dog is described. The dog was presented with progressive forelimb lameness with postural and gait abnormalities three months after an episode of overexertion. When walking, the lower part of both forelimbs swung in a lateral arc causing a circumduction movement and in the standing position, the dog showed elbow adduction with external rotation of the distal part of both front limbs. Orthopaedic examination revealed bilateral atrophy of both infraspinatus and supraspinatus muscles and restriction in the range of motion of both shoulders, especially when attempting abduction and flexion. No specific findings were observed in the shoulder or elbow radiographs but hyperechogenic areas were evident in the ultrasonographic examination of both infraspinatus muscles. A diagnosis of fibrotic contracture of both infraspinatus muscles was established and bilateral tenectomy of the insertion tendons of the infraspinatus muscles was performed. Complete recovery of the animal was achieved after the surgery, which was confirmed in a long-term follow-up (10 months). In conclusion, physical examination and ultrasonography allowed a proper diagnosis of the condition, and tenectomy of the infraspinatus muscles resulted in a complete recovery of the patient even with bilateral involvement.

  16. [Clinical classification of gluteal muscle contracture under arthroscopy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yu-Jie; Wang, Zhi-Gang; Wang, Jun-Liang; Li, Shu-Yuan; Li, Hai-Feng; Qu, Feng; Xue, Jing; Qi, Wei; Liu, Chang; Zhu, Juan-Li

    2013-06-01

    To explore clinical effects of gluteal muscle contracture and minimum invasive surgery under the arthroscopy. Totally 358 patients with gluteus contracture were treated,which included 175 males and 183 females with an average age of (19.7 +/- 6.8) years old (ranged, 14 to 41). All patients have a history of repetitive intramuscular injection of penicillin with benzyl alcohol solvent. According to clinical characteristics and intraoperative situation, patients were classified into four groups:cable strip (118 cases), fanshaped (107 cases), mixed (87 cases), tensor fasciae latae contracture(46 cases). The curative effects were evaluated according to postoperative function evaluation standard of gluteus contracture. All patients were followed up and 37 cases withdrew. The following up time ranged from 1.5 to 8 years with an average of 3.5 years. According to evaluation standard of gluteus contracture, 303 cases got excellent results, 13 cases good,and 5 cases fair at the final follow-up. No recurrence, infection and neurovascular injury occurred. The classification of gluteal muscle contracture is beneficial for choose surgical strategy and improve curative effect. The advantage of plasma knife minimally invasive solution in treating gluteal muscle contracture with radiofrequency under arthroscopy is minimally invasive, safe, and benefit for early functional exercises.

  17. Contractures and involuntary muscle overactivity in severe brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohl, Marcus; Mehrholz, Jan; Rockstroh, Günter; Rückriem, Stefan; Koch, Rainer

    2007-04-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of contractures with an increase or reduction of non-spastic muscle overactivity due to severe cerebral damage. Forty-five patients with tetraparesis after severe cerebral damage were investigated. Three groups were defined based on the presence of spasticity (revealed as resistance to passive stretch (= hypertonia)), and the presence of contracture of the relevant knee joint: Group(s) (17 patients with hypertonia without contracture), Group(s+c) (20 patients with hypertonia and contracture), and Group(c) (eight patients without hypertonia and with contracture). In all groups spontaneous involuntary muscle activity was assessed continuously over a 12-hour period through isometric measurement of knee joint flexion torque. A mathematical algorithm differentiated an hourly muscle activity spectrum (PI(h)). The frequency of peaks (peaks(h)) from the activity spectrum was determined. We revealed that Group(s) had higher PI(h) and more frequent peaks(h) compared with Group(s+c) and Group(c) (p0.05). The presence of contractures was associated with lower involuntary muscle overactivity in terms of lower PI(h) and less frequent peaks(h), indicating that contractures may be associated with reduced non-spastic positive features of the upper motor neurone syndrome in patients with severe brain damage.

  18. Myofibroblast Upregulators are Elevated in Joint Capsules in Posttraumatic Contractures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrand, Kevin A.; Zhang, Mei; Hart, David A.

    2010-01-01

    We hypothesized specific growth factors are increased in the elbow capsules of patients with post traumatic elbow contractures. A model of surgically induced joint contracture in rabbit knees was developed to study the growth factor expression in joint contractures. This study demonstrates this model mimics the human condition and analyzes how the growth factor levels decrease with time in rabbit knees with contractures. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to measure mRNA levels of transforming growth factor-β1, connective tissue growth factor, ED-A of fibronectin, and α-smooth muscle actin normalized to a housekeeping gene, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. In the joint capsules of patients with elbow contractures, mRNA levels were increased for transforming growth factor- β1, connective tissue growth factor, and α-smooth muscle actin. In the joint capsules of rabbit knees with contractures, mRNA levels were increased for transforming growth factor- β1, connective tissue growth factor, ED-A of fibronectin, and α-smooth muscle actin. The mRNA levels for transforming growth factor-β1, connective tissue growth factor, and α-smooth muscle actin decreased with time in rabbit knees. The elevated levels of these myofibroblast up-regulators and fibrogenic growth factors could explain the previously reported increase in myofibroblasts and collagen mRNA levels. The rabbit knee model correlated well with the human post traumatic elbow contractures. PMID:17195814

  19. Custom Knee Device for Knee Contractures After Internal Femoral Lengthening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhave, Anil; Shabtai, Lior; Ong, Peck-Hoon; Standard, Shawn C; Paley, Dror; Herzenberg, John E

    2015-07-01

    The development of knee flexion contractures is among the most common problems and complications associated with lengthening the femur with an internal device or external fixator. Conservative treatment strategies include physical therapy, serial casting, and low-load prolonged stretching with commercially available splinting systems. The authors developed an individually molded, low-cost custom knee device with polyester synthetic conformable casting material to treat knee flexion contractures. The goal of this study was to evaluate the results of treatment with a custom knee device and specialized physical therapy in patients who had knee flexion contracture during femoral lengthening with an intramedullary lengthening femoral nail. This retrospective study included 23 patients (27 limbs) who underwent femoral lengthening with an internal device for the treatment of limb length discrepancy. All patients had a knee flexion contracture raging from 10° to 90° during the lengthening process and were treated with a custom knee device and specialized physical therapy. The average flexion contracture before treatment was 36°. The mean amount of lengthening was 5.4 cm. After an average of 3.8 weeks of use of the custom knee device, only 2 of 27 limbs (7.5%) had not achieved complete resolution of the flexion contracture. The average final extension was 1.4°. Only 7 of 27 limbs (26%) required additional soft tissue release. The custom knee device is an inexpensive and effective method for treating knee flexion contracture after lengthening with an internal device.

  20. PATTERN OF POST BURN CONTRACTURE OF HAND IN EASTERN INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nishith M

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Contracture of the hand poises great morbidity. Despite increasing sophistication in the overall management of acute thermal injuries, contractures still occur and are the most common cause of skin contracture in the hand. The problem of post burn contracture is largely preventable by good initial care. We studied 60 consecutive patients of post burn contracture of hand treated at Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, India with the aim to observe different patterns of post-traumatic contracture in hand and to assess the result of various treatment modalities. RESULTS Children and infants were most commonly involved with M:F ratio being 1.3:1. Flame burn was found to be the most common etiological factor. Right hand was involved in 53.33% of cases. Fingers were the most common anatomical site involving 90% of patients followed by wrist and palm. Only 23.33% patients were initially treated by a specialist while majorities i.e. 46.67% were initially treated by quacks or paramedical personnel. Z-Plasty was used as a method of reconstruction in 50% of cases and was the most common surgical intervention used followed by V-Y plasty in 20% cases. CONCLUSION Major causes of neglect in the treatment of post burns contracture were illiteracy. Reconstructive procedures can greatly improve the function of the hands. Appropriate choice of procedures and timely surgery is the key for treatment.

  1. TREATMENT OF POSTTRAUMATIC ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURES OF THE THUMB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. S. Melikhov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Results of surgical treatment of 21 patients with posttraumatic ischemic contractures of the first finger of a hand were analyzed. The working classification in which there are three degrees of a contracture depending on size of deficiency of a dermal cord of the first interdigital interval was offered. Advanced tactics of surgical treatment of such pathology was developed. Thus, during the first stage we carried out abduction of the first finger by the elimination of cicatrical, muscle and arthrogenic contracture components. At the second stage of treatment, if it was necessary, active opposition of the first finger was restored.

  2. [Management of Flexion Contracture in Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hube, R; Mayr, H O; Pfitzner, T; von Roth, P

    2015-06-01

    Flexion contracture is a common deformity of the arthritic knee. The present publication describes causes, clinical relevance and surgical technique in the presence of flexion contractures in total knee arthroplasty. Flexion contracture can be attributed to different causes. Basically it is a mismatch between flexion and extension gaps. Moderate and severe deformities have to be corrected by additional surgical interventions. In most cases soft tissue techniques with release of contracted structures, the removal of osteophytes and additional distal femoral bone resection are necessary. The goal of these interventions is to achieve full extension of the knee. During rehabilitation attention has to be paid to maintain it with intensive physical therapy. A remaining flexion contracture is associated with inferior functional outcome and persistent pain. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  3. Ablative fractional laser resurfacing helps treat restrictive pediatric scar contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krakowski, Andrew C; Goldenberg, Alina; Eichenfield, Lawrence F; Murray, Jill-Peck; Shumaker, Peter R

    2014-12-01

    Conventional management of debilitating pediatric scar contractures, including hand therapy and surgery, may often be beset by delayed treatment, suboptimal results, and additional surgical morbidity. Ablative fractional laser resurfacing is an emerging adjunctive procedural option for scar contractures because of its promising efficacy and safety profile. However, its use to improve function has not been studied in the pediatric population. Herein we report 2 pediatric patients with recalcitrant scar contractures, causing persistent functional deficits, treated with an ablative fractional laser protocol. Both patients experienced rapid and cumulative subjective and objective improvements in range of motion and function as measured by an independent occupational therapist without reported complications. We highlight ablative fractional laser resurfacing as a novel and promising tool in the management of function-limiting scar contractures in children and propose that the technique be incorporated into existing scar treatment paradigms, guided by future research.

  4. Bacterial biofilms and capsular contracture in patients with breast implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieger, U M; Mesina, J; Kalbermatten, D F; Haug, M; Frey, H P; Pico, R; Frei, R; Pierer, G; Lüscher, N J; Trampuz, A

    2013-05-01

    It has been hypothesized that bacterial biofilms on breast implants may cause chronic inflammation leading to capsular contracture. The association between bacterial biofilms of removed implants and capsular contracture was investigated. Breast implants explanted between 2006 and 2010 at five participating centres for plastic and reconstructive surgery were investigated by sonication. Bacterial cultures derived from sonication were correlated with patient, surgical and implant characteristics, and the degree of capsular contracture. The study included 121 breast implants from 84 patients, of which 119 originated from women and two from men undergoing gender reassignment. Some 50 breast prostheses were implanted for reconstruction, 48 for aesthetic reasons and 23 implants were used as temporary expander devices. The median indwelling time was 4·0 (range 0·1-32) years for permanent implants and 3 (range 1-6) months for temporary devices. Excluding nine implants with clinical signs of infection, sonication cultures were positive in 40 (45 per cent) of 89 permanent implants and in 12 (52 per cent) of 23 temporary devices. Analysis of permanent implants showed that a positive bacterial culture after sonication correlated with the degree of capsular contracture: Baker I, two of 11 implants; Baker II, two of ten; Baker III, nine of 23; and Baker IV, 27 of 45 (P contracture, indicating the potential causative role of bacterial biofilms in the pathogenesis of capsular contracture. NCT01138891 (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov). © 2013 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Contracture of Slow Striated Muscle during Calcium Deprivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irwin, Richard L.; Hein, Manfred M.

    1963-01-01

    When deprived of calcium the slow striated muscle fibers of the frog develop reversible contractures in either hypertonic or isotonic solutions. While calcium deprivation continues because of a flowing calcium-free solution the muscles relax slowly and completely. Restoration of calcium during contracture relaxes the muscle promptly to initial tension. When relaxed during calcium lack the return of calcium does not change tension and the muscle stays relaxed. When contractures are induced by solutions containing small amounts of calcium relaxation does not occur or requires several hours. The rate of tension development depends upon the rate at which calcium moves outward since the contractures develop slower in low concentrations of calcium and are absent or greatly slowed in a stagnant calcium-free solution. Withdrawal of calcium prevents the contractile responses to ACh, KCl, or electrical stimulation through the nerve. Muscles return to their original excitability after calcium is restored. Origin of the contractures is unrelated to nerve activity since they are maximal during transmission failure from calcium lack, occur in denervated muscles, and are not blocked by high concentrations of d-tubocurarine, procaine, or atropine. The experiments also indicate that the contractures do not originate from repetitive activity of muscle membranes. The findings are most simply explained by relating the outward movement of calcium as a link for initiating contraction in slow type striated muscle. PMID:14065284

  6. The Stanford-ReSurge Burn Scar Contracture Scale for Neck: Development and Initial Validation for Burn Scar Contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Lawrence; Puri, Vinita; Dangol, Mohan Krishna; Mannan, Iftekhar Ibne; Khundkar, Shafquat Hussain; Le Thua, Trung-Hau; Muguti, Godfrey; Rai, Shankar Man; Karanas, Yvonne; Chang, James

    2016-11-01

    Burn contractures can cause significant disability, particularly in patients in resource-limited settings. However, a gap exists in our ability to measure outcomes in patients with burn contractures of the neck. The objective of this study was to develop and validate the Stanford-ReSurge Burn Scar Contracture Scale-Neck to longitudinally assess functional status and measure functional improvement following contracture release of the neck. A literature review was performed to identify scales used in neck assessment and burn assessment. Items were then removed from the pool based on redundancy, feasibility, cultural appropriateness, and applicability to patients in international resource-limited environments. Remaining items were administered to patients with burn contracture of the neck. The initial literature review found 33 scales that were combined to create an initial pool of 714 items, which was first reduced to 40 items. Feedback from field testing then yielded a 20-item outcome tool to assess appearance, activities of daily living, somatosensation, satisfaction, and range of motion, with a floor of 20 and a ceiling score of 100 points. Preliminary testing with 10 patients showed an average preoperative score of 58 points and an average 1-month postoperative score of 42 points. The authors have created an outcome tool for measuring functional status following burn contracture release of the neck, which can easily be implemented in resource-limited settings where the burden of burn injuries and morbidities is disproportionately high. Ongoing work includes a multicountry study to evaluate validity and reliability.

  7. Cataracts and Dupuytren disease: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutolo, Carlo A; Lombardo, Sara; Verticchio Vercellin, Alice C; Bertone, Chiara; De Amici, Mara; Antoniazzi, Elena; Milano, Giovanni

    2012-11-08

    Purpose. Dupuytren disease is an inherited proliferative and progressive connective disease. Ectopic disease may, however, be located distant from the palmar fascia. 
Methods. Case report and review of the literature. 
Results. We describe a case of symmetric bilateral posterior subcapsular cataracts associated with symmetric bilateral Dupuytren disease and symmetric bilateral Ledderhose disease in a 56-year-old Caucasian man. His medical history was negative for glucocorticoids intake, diabetes, and exposure to radiation. Serum transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)1 concentration has been evaluated and was found to be almost double compared to the controls. 
Conclusions. We speculate that the TGF-β plays an important role for ocular and connective tissue disorders.

  8. Re-visiting Luck's classification: a histological analysis of Dupuytren's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, W L; Rawlins, J M; Karoo, R O S; Naylor, I; Sharpe, D T

    2010-05-01

    Luck (1959) described a histological staging system for Dupuytren's disease, classifying the disease into three stages. Previous biochemical and immunochemical studies have detailed the decrease in type III/I collagen ratio with disease progression. Herovici (1963) described a histological stain that produced a differential red/purple and blue colour for type I and III collagen respectively. We stained 15 specimens of Dupuytren's disease and quantified the different collagen types in each using computer analysis. We found a corresponding decrease in the amount of type III collagen as a percentage of the total collagen with disease progression: stage I range 35-49% (mean 38%); stage 2 range 21-33% (mean 27%) and stage 3 range 11-19% (mean 14%). We propose a new staging system based on the relative amount of type III collagen, where stage 1: >35%, stage 2: >20% and <35%, and stage 3: <20%.

  9. Dupuytren's disease: comparative growth dynamics and morphology between cultured myofibroblasts (nodule) and fibroblasts (cord).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vande Berg, J S; Gelberman, R H; Rudolph, R; Johnson, D; Sicurello, P

    1984-01-01

    The excised palmar fascia of 11 patients with Dupuytren's disease was separated clinically into nodules and cords. Myofibroblasts were seen by light and electron microscopy in each of the nodules, but the cords generally lacked myofibroblasts. Only one cord specimen had microscopic features that were intermediate between nodule and cord. Electron microscopy demonstrated that in vivo differences between myofibroblasts from nodules and fibroblasts from cords and control skin samples could be preserved in vitro. Growth studies showed slower growth of cultured myofibroblasts (mean +/- SD generation time 68.7 +/- 15 h) than cord-derived fibroblasts (mean +/- SD generation time 51.5 +/- 0.9 h). These data suggest that the life cycle of the myofibroblasts from Dupuytren's disease nodules differs from that of fibroblasts found in cordlike tissues. These myofibroblasts have biological characteristics nearly identical to those of myofibroblasts found in other contracting tissues, such as granulating wounds and breast cancer.

  10. Improved postoperative outcome of segmental fasciectomy in Dupuytren disease by insertion of an absorbable cellulose implant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degreef, Ilse; Tejpar, Sabine; De Smet, Luc

    2011-06-01

    In this case-control prospective study, we investigated if we could improve the surgical outcome of interrupting strands in Dupuytren disease by creating a blocking effect with an absorbable cellulose implant, a known absorbable adhesion barrier. We studied 33 operations in 29 patients who had the potential for recurrent disease. The cellulose was implanted in the first 15 patients. An intraindividual control was added in 4 patients, who were given the implant in 1 of 2 operated hands. Goniometric evolution was monitored on digital photography, and satisfaction was measured on a visual analogue scale (VAS) with a preliminary one year follow-up. With the implant the postoperative range of movement improved significantly (by 33%) and remained unchanged after three months to a one year follow-up. The VAS for satisfaction also improved. We conclude that cellulose implants may improve the outcome of segmental fasciectomy in Dupuytren disease by achieving a better extension of fingers and a higher patients' satisfaction.

  11. Tratamiento no quirúrgico de la contractura de Dupuytren con colagenasa de Clostridium hystoliticum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mármol-Soler

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La contractura de Dupuytren origina una pérdida progresiva de la función de la mano. Su tratamiento de elección es quirúrgico. La inyección de una solución compuesta por dos colagenasas distintas aisladas y purificadas a partir de la bacteria Clostridium histolyticum realiza lisis selectiva del colágeno en la cuerda pretendinosa. Presentamos nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de la enfermedad mediante la inyección de dicha colagenasa en 15 pacientes como opción no quirúrgica. Se trata de un tratamiento mínimamente invasivo, eficaz y seguro en la reducción de las contracturas de Dupuytren, tanto en las articulación metacarpofalángica como en la interfalángica proximal, al tiempo que elimina los gastos de ingreso hospitalario y las complicaciones del postoperatorio.

  12. Trends in the Treatment of Dupuytren Disease in the United States Between 2007 and 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipman, Marc D; Carstensen, Samuel Evan; Deal, Dylan Nicole

    2017-01-01

    Background: Dupuytren disease is a common fibroproliferative disorder. Multiple procedural treatment options are available, with Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum (CCH) injection being introduced in 2010. The purpose of this study was to investigate trends in the treatment of Dupuytren disease in the United States between 2007 and 2014. Methods: The PearlDiver Humana database was queried using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) and Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for patients with Dupuytren disease that received percutaneous needle aponeurotomy (PNA), fasciotomy, fasciectomy, and CCH injection. Patients were filtered by age, number of comorbidities, and gender. Change in composition of treatments over time was analyzed for each demographic group between 2007 and 2014. Results: Patients presenting to clinic for Dupuytren disease increased from 1118 to 3280, with unchanging treatment percentage of 41. Percent fasciotomies and fasciectomies decreased from 5% to 3% and 33% to 21%, while CCH injection increased to 11% by 2012 to 2014. Percent fasciotomies decreased (P < .05) in younger healthier (age <65, 0-1 comorbidities) and older less healthy (age 65-74, 4+ comorbidities) populations. Percent fasciectomies decreased significantly in nearly all age and comorbidity groups, but by greater amounts in patients with 2+ comorbidities with increasing age. Percent CCH injections increased in all groups, at rates similar to the losses seen in open procedures. Conclusions: CCH injections have risen to substantial levels, with corresponding decreases in the percentage of patients receiving fasciotomies and fasciectomies. Patient age, comorbidities, and gender appear to have influence on the treatment chosen, likely due to their effects on surgical risk and the importance of timely return to activity.

  13. Enhanced alpha 1(I) mRNA expression in frozen shoulder and dupuytren tissue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilian, Olaf; Pfeil, U; Wenisch, S; Heiss, C; Kraus, R; Schnettler, R

    2007-12-14

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate collagen I and III synthesis during the fibrosing stage of frozen shoulder and Dupuytren samples in comparison to normal capsule tissue. - By using the quantitative PCR significantly increased levels of alpha 1(I) mRNA transcription in samples of frozen shoulder (p = 0.016) and Duypuytren (p = 0.041) could be demonstrated, whereas alpha 2(I) and alpha 1(III) chains have shown the same mRNA levels as in normal capsule tissue. - Despite an enhancement of alpha 1(I) mRNA transcription in frozen shoulder and Dupuytren samples the intracellular precursor procollagen I and extracellular mature collagen I was detected immunohistochemically in reduced levels. - The structural alteration of collagen I assembly might be caused by disturbed post-translation from the polypeptide chains into the triple helices procollagen I though alpha 1(I) mRNA transcription was significantly increased and alpha 2(I) mRNA transcription was in normal range. Fibroblasts might release high quantities of free alpha 1(I) polypeptide chains or (alpha 1(I)) 3 homotrimer into the extracellular space during the fibrosing stage of frozen shoulder and Dupuytren disease. - In all samples neither differences of alpha 1(III) mRNA transcription nor differences of immunohistochemical staining intensity of collagen III could be seen. This might result from apoptosis of myofibroblasts in the final phase of the fibrosing processes. - The stimulating effect of insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-I) to induce fibrosis in connective tissue such as scarlet is known. In all patients suffering from frozen shoulder and Dupuytren disease the serum IGF-I level was in a normal range and the IGF-I receptor - (IGFR-I) mRNA transcription in the samples was also in the same level compared with normal capsule tissue.

  14. Long-term follow-up of Dupuytren disease after injection of triamcinolone acetonide in Chinese patients in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, C-Y; Yu, H-H M; Wang, J-P; Huang, Y-C; Huang, T-F; Chang, M-C

    2017-09-01

    Injection of triamcinolone acetonide is a non-operative treatment for early-stage Dupuytren disease in Caucasians, but its effectiveness in non-Caucasians is unclear. We report averaged 5-year follow-up results of 37 patients (49 affected hands) with early-stage Dupuytren disease for patients in Taiwan (non-Caucasian) who received a single dose of 5 mg triamcinolone acetonide injection into nodules monthly for 3 months. Using ultrasound, we recorded no progression of sizes of the modules following injection after 6 months. After an average 5-year follow-up, two patients with three hands (6%) experienced reactivation of the treated nodules. None required surgical intervention. Ultrasound examination showed that sizes of the treated Dupuytren nodules decreased significantly by 40% 6 months after injection and 56% at the final follow-up. We conclude that in these Chinese patients in Taiwan with early Dupuytren nodules, triamcinolone acetonide injection was effective in reducing the size of the Dupuytren nodules and maintaining long-term durable control of the nodular growth. III.

  15. Gluteal muscle contracture: diagnosis and management options

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rai, Saroj; Meng, Chunqing; Wang, Xiaohong; Chaudhary, Nabin; Jin, Shengyang; Yang, Shuhua; Wang, Hong

    2017-01-01

    Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC), a debilitating disease, exists all over the globe but it is much more prevalent in China. Patients typically present with abduction and external rotation of the hip and are unable to bring both the knees together while squatting. Multiple etiologies have been postulated, the commonest being repeated intramuscular injection into the buttocks. The disease is diagnosed primarily by clinical features but radiological features are necessary for the exclusion of other pathological conditions. Non-operative treatment with physiotherapy can be tried before surgery is considered but it usually fails. Different surgical techniques have been described and claimed to have a better outcome of one over another but controversy still exists. Based on published literatures, the clinical outcome is exceptionally good in all established methods of surgery. However, endoscopic surgery is superior to conventional open surgery in terms of cosmetic outcome with fewer complications. Nevertheless, its use has been limited by lack of adequate knowledge, instrumentations, and some inherent limitations. Above all, post-operative rehabilitation plays a key role in better outcome, which however should be started gradually. PMID:28059055

  16. Total Knee Arthroplasty in the Combined Contracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.J. Voskresensky

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available We have offered modified access to a knee to work out a method for restoration of extensive apparatus of the knee. 91 patients with degenerative damages of the knee were under out su-pervision. All patients were differentiated in groups according to the form of access and pa-thology of the knee. At all stages of studying the following method of investigation were made: goniometry — for estimation of the knee functional condition; electroneiromyography — for reveling deficiency of muscular activity and determination of its kind. Patient's satisfac-tion by operation was defined by means of WOMAC scale subjective indexes. The received digital material was subjected to statistical processing. Thus, it has been proved that applica-tion of the modified access to a knee offered by us in total knee arthroplasty in patients with combined contracture in comparison with traditionally applied technologies of extensive ap-paratus releasing allows in short terms to restore the volume and force of movements in a knee that reduces time of rehabilitation and improves quality of patient's life

  17. Arthroscopic gluteal muscle contracture release with radiofrequency energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yu-Jie; Wang, Yan; Xue, Jing; Lui, Pauline Po-Yee; Chan, Kai-Ming

    2009-03-01

    Gluteal muscle contracture is common after repeated intramuscular injections and sometimes is sufficiently debilitating to require open surgery. We asked whether arthroscopic release of gluteal muscle contracture using radiofrequency energy would decrease complications with clinically acceptable results. We retrospectively reviewed 108 patients with bilateral gluteal muscle contractures (57 males, 51 females; mean age, 23.7 years). We used inferior, anterosuperior, and posterosuperior portals. With the patient lying laterally, we developed and enlarged a potential space between the gluteal muscle group and the subcutaneous fat using blunt dissection. Under arthroscopic guidance through the inferior portal, we débrided and removed fatty tissue overlying the contractile band of the gluteal muscle group using a motorized shaver introduced through the superior portal. Radiofrequency then was introduced through the superior portal to gradually excise the contracted bands from superior to inferior. Finally, hemostasis was ensured using radiofrequency. Patients were followed a minimum of 7 months (mean, 17.4 months; range, 7-42 months). At last followup, the adduction and flexion ranges of the hip were 45.3 degrees +/- 8.7 degrees and 110.2 degrees +/- 11.9 degrees, compared with 10.4 degrees +/- 7.2 degrees and 44.8 degrees +/- 14.1 degrees before surgery. No hip abductor contracture recurred and no patient had residual hip pain or gluteal muscle wasting. We found gluteal muscle contracture could be released effectively with radiofrequency energy.

  18. Doenças de Dupuytren e de Ledderhose associadas ao uso crônico de anticonvulsivantes: relato de caso Dupuytren's and Ledderhose's diseases associated with chronic use of anticonvulsants: case report

    OpenAIRE

    PATRÍCIA CORAL; ALESSANDRA ZANATTA; Teive, Hélio A. G.; YLMAR CORREA NETO; EDISON MATOS NÓVAK; LINEU CÉSAR WERNECK

    1999-01-01

    Relatamos o caso de um paciente que após uso crônico de anticonvulsivantes, sem epilepsia definida, desenvolveu contraturas das aponeuroses palmar (doença de Dupuytren) e plantar (doença de Ledderhose). Discutimos as principais dessas complicações, os fatores predisponentes e sua estreita relação com o uso de anticonvulsivantes, particularmente de fenobarbital.We present the case of a patient that after chronic use of anticonvulsant drugs without proven epilepsy , developed Dupuytren's and Le...

  19. 经皮针刺筋膜切开术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症短期随访研究%The Preliminary Results of Percutaneous Needle Fasciotomy for Dupuytren′s Contracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵立连; 张耀南; 薛庆云

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the preliminary result and complications of percutaneous needle fasciotomy for Dupuytren's contracture.Methods From July 2007 to December 2010, 12 cases (12 hands with 19 fingers) with Dupuytren's contracture were treated using percutaneous needle fasciotomy in author's department,with mean age 64.5 (52~ 87years old).The mean follow-up period were 15 months (3~ 44months).The angle and improvement of the total passive extension deficit (TPED) pre-operatively,post-operatively and at the point of follow-up were compared,the subjective satisfaction rate and related complications were recorded too.Results The TPED improved by 85% post-operatively versus 73% at the point of follow-up.All the patient were satisfied with the procedure.There were two cases with skin ruptured,and one case with transient hypoesthesia,which were recovered within 3 weeks.No other complications were documented.Conclusion Percutaneous needle fasciotomy is a simple,minimal invasive alternative method with less complications and reliable short-term results for treatment of Dupuytren's Contracture,it may produce a reliable short-term result.%目的 探讨经皮针刺筋膜切开术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症的疗效和并发症.方法 2007年7月至2010年12月间,采用经皮针刺筋膜切开术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症12 例,共12手19指,年龄52~87 岁,平均64.5 岁.对比术前、术后即刻和随访时患指被动伸直受限的角度和改善情况,以及病人的主观满意度,并记录并发症的情况.结果 本组随访3~44个月,平均15个月.术后即刻被动伸指受限情况改善达85%,随访时达73%,病人满意度100%.出现2 例2指皮肤裂伤,后自行愈合,1 例出现短暂性手指感觉减退,3周后自行恢复;无其他并发症出现.结论 经皮针刺筋膜切开术是治疗掌腱膜挛缩症的一种简单、创伤小、并发症少、近期疗效可靠的优选方法.

  20. Surgical intervention and capsular contracture after breast augmentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Trine F; Fryzek, Jon P; Hölmich, Lisbet R

    2005-01-01

    -requiring complications and capsular contracture grades III to IV among 2277 women who underwent cosmetic breast implantation from June 1999 through April 2003. During an average follow-up period of 1.6 years after implantation, 4.3% of these women (3% of implants) required secondary surgery as a result of short......-term complications. The most frequent clinical indications for surgery were displacement of the implant (38%), capsular contracture grades III to IV (16%), ptosis (13%), and hematoma (11%). Overall, the authors found that inframammary incision and subglandular placement were associated with decreased risks...... of developing complications requiring surgical intervention, whereas implants larger than 350 mL increased the risk of such complications (relative risk [RR], 2.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3-4.0). Thirty-nine Baker III to IV capsular contractures were identified, of which 22 were treated surgically...

  1. Gluteal muscle fibrosis with abduction contracture of the hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Bayati, Mohammed Ali; Kraidy, Bakir Kadhum

    2016-03-01

    Gluteal muscle fibrosis with hip contracture is a rare condition and causes major disability; literature reports are sparse. The aim of this study is to present, for the first time in Iraq and the region, a case series of gluteal fibrosis and the results of surgical treatment. Seven children--six boys and one girl--diagnosed as having gluteal muscle fibrosis with hip contracture, were investigated and treated by open surgical release of fibrotic bands and physiotherapy. All patients improved dramatically over the subsequent weeks, and were able to sit and squat in the normal position. Gluteal muscle fibrosis with hip contracture is present in Iraq and more awareness is needed for early diagnosis. Surgical treatment provided excellent results. More studies are needed to delineate the aetiology of the condition.

  2. Orofacial contracture management outcomes following partial thickness facial burns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, N A; Ward, E C; Maitz, P K M

    2015-09-01

    To examine clinical outcomes following non-surgical exercise for contracture management post partial thickness orofacial burn. A cohort of 229 patients with partial thickness orofacial burn was recruited over 3 years. Orofacial contracture management combining exercise and stretching was initiated within 48h of admission and continued until functional goals were consistently achieved. A second cohort of 120 healthy controls was recruited for normative comparison. Vertical and horizontal mouth opening measures were recorded at the start and completion of orofacial intervention for patients and once only for controls. At commencement of intervention, participants with orofacial burns had significantly (porofacial contracture management for patients with partial thickness orofacial burn. Despite this, some functional loss remained with patients demonstrating persistent reduced vertical mouth opening at conclusion of treatment compared to their healthy counterparts. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Effects of zafirlukast on capsular contracture: long-term results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzocchi, M; Dessy, L A; Alfano, C; Scuderi, N

    2012-01-01

    Capsular contracture is a distressing complication after breast augmentation for both the patient and surgeon. Although capsular contracture is a multifactorial process, one common denominator in the successful treatment of this complication is believed to be the abatement of inflammation. Leukotriene antagonists have recently emerged as effective prophylactic agents in reactive airway diseases. A prospective study was carried out on 60 female patients (120 prostheses implanted) with mild/severe capsular contracture in at least one breast. The hardness of capsular contracture was assessed by means of the mammary compliance method. Patients received zafirlukast (Accolate®) for a 6-month period. Mammary compliance was assessed at the start of the study and thereafter monthly, during drug intake and for one year after drug withdrawal. The results show a significant decrease in breast compliance values in the first 6 months, followed by a significant increase one year after the end of drug intake. Indeed, zafirlukast-treated patients displayed a 6.93 percent reduction in mammary compliance after 1 month, 14.42 percent after 3 months, 22.05 percent after 6 months and 22.52 percent after 7 months (1 month after the withdrawal of the drug). Thereafter, mammary compliance values gradually increased. A 5.47 percent reduction in mammary compliance was observed 1 year after drug withdrawal. The present study suggests that zafirlukast may be effective in reducing breast capsule distortion in patients with long-standing contracture, though reduced capsular contracture values are strictly related to the duration of drug intake.

  4. [Diagnosis and treatment of unilateral gluteal muscle contracture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiaoliang; Tang, Xueyang; Jiang, Xin; Wang, Daoxi; Peng, Mingxing; Liu, Lijun

    2011-05-01

    To investigate the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of unilateral gluteal muscle contracture. Between January 1990 and September 2009, 41 patients with unilateral gluteal muscle contracture were treated and the clinical data were retrospectively analysed. Among them, 24 were male and 17 were female with an age range from 6 to 29 years (mean, 12 years). Thirty-nine patients had a definite history of repeat intragluteal injection. The locations were the left side in 9 cases and the right side in 32 cases. The main clinical manifestations included lameness and abnormal gait. The medical examination showed pelvic oblique and relative inequality of lower limbs with a mean difference of 2.1 cm (range, 1.2-3.8 cm) in the distance form navel to malleolus medials. The X-ray films of pelvis showed outpouching trochanter of femur and pelvic oblique. The CT scans showed no abnormal finding except pelvic oblique and gluteal muscle contracture. The arc longitudinal incision was made into the posterolateral area nearby the greater trochanter and then lysis of the gluteal muscles was performed, followed by the skin traction of both legs and rehabilitation exercise. All incisions healed by first intention. Forty-one patients were followed up 1-20 years (mean, 5 years), and the signs of gluteal muscle contracture disappeared. After 1 year of operation, 34 patients had equal leg length, 5 patients had mild pelvic oblique, and 2 patients had obvious pelvic oblique. According to LIU Guohui et al. evaluation standard, the results were excellent in 33 cases, good in 6 cases, and poor in 2 cases with an excellent and good rate of 95.12% at 1 year after operation. Unilateral gluteal muscle contracture leads to pelvic oblique and inequality of lower limbs, and it can be cured with the surgical release of the gluteal muscle contracture by the arc longitudinal incision into the posterolateral area nearby the greater trochanter, combined with postoperative skin traction and

  5. The use of multiple needle fasciotomy in Dupuytren disease: retrospective observational study of outcome and patient satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medjoub, Karima; Jawad, Ahmad

    2014-04-01

    The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and patient satisfaction of multiple needle fasciotomy for Dupuytren disease. During this observational study, patients who underwent the procedure between 2008 and 2010 were followed up, and outcomes, complications, and patient satisfaction were assessed. Satisfaction rate was 75%, with no postoperative complications noted. As predicted, early recurrence rate was the main issue with a rate of 28% at the time of the questionnaire. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy is a safe and efficient procedure in treating patients with early Dupuytren or those who would not potentially achieve good results with more aggressive surgical intervention.

  6. Triceps surae contracture: implications for foot and ankle surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdulmassih, Sami; Phisitkul, Phinit; Femino, John E; Amendola, Annunziato

    2013-07-01

    Restricted ankle dorsiflexion secondary to contracture of the gastrocnemius-soleus complex is frequently encountered in patients with foot and ankle pain and is well documented in the literature. During gait, decreased dorsiflexion shifts weight-bearing pressures from the heel to the forefoot, which may result in or exacerbate one of several pathologic conditions. Modest success has been achieved with nonsurgical management of triceps surae contracture, including splinting and stretching exercises. Surgical lengthening of the gastrocnemius-soleus complex at multiple levels has been described, and early clinical results have been promising. Additional research is required to further elucidate the long-term outcomes of various lengthening techniques.

  7. Post-burn axillary contracture: A therapeutic challenge!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durga Karki

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Axillary post-burn scar contracture is a challenging problem to the reconstructive surgeon owing to the wide range of abduction that should be achieved. The aim of this paper was to highlight the various options used in managing axillary contractures in our hospital. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective hospital-based study of axillary contractures managed at Safdarjung Hospital (a tertiary care hospital from 2009 to 2013.The study consisted of 44 patients from all age group and both sex included in it. Patients with a bilateral axillary contracture were excluded. Axillary contracture was released and resurfaced using split skin graft and/or with different types of flaps including the propeller flap, parascapular flap. All the reconstructed cases were followed-up for a period of 12 months. Assessment was done on the basis of functional and aesthetic outcome. Results: Forty-four patients consisting of 25 males and 19 females presented with axillary contractures that involved 44 axillae. The mean age of the study group was 17.1 years. Injuries involved the anterior axillary fold in 8 (18.18%, posterior fold in ten (22.72%, both folds and axillary fossa in 14 (31.81% and both folds plus part of the chest wall and arm (sparing the axillary fossa in 12 (27.27% axillae. Surgical treatment included split-thickness skin graft in 15 (34.1%, local skin flaps in 4 (9.1%, Z-plasties in 4 (9.1%, parascapular flaps in 3 (6.82%, while propeller flaps in 12 (27.27% and square flap were used in 6 (13.64% patients. The percentage of improvement in abduction had a mean of 156°. The functional and aesthetic results were satisfactory. Conclusion: The choice of surgical procedure for reconstruction of post-burn axillary contractures can be made according to the pattern of scar contracture and the state of the surrounding skin. The choice of a flap should have priority over the skin graft because of the superior functional and aesthetic results

  8. Serial splintage: Preoperative treatment of upper limb contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puri, Vinita; Khare, Nishant; Venkateshwaran, N; Bharadwaj, Sumit; Choudhary, Sushant; Deshpande, Omkarnath; Borkar, Rupali

    2013-09-01

    The present study aimed to study the efficacy of preoperative splints in treatment of upper limb contractures and to evaluate the response of contracture to splints depending on the etiology and the joint involved. Ninety joints of 42 patients were studied. Patients age, gender, etiology, duration of contracture, contracture site and joint and type of contracture was noted. The range of motion of the involved joint was recorded. Serial static splints made of thermoplastic material were applied after customizing them for each patient. The range of motion and percentage movement was recorded at weekly interval and the splints were modified as per need. Time taken to reach a plateau stage was noted. To compare the statistical significance between two groups and more than two groups of continuous variable unpaired t-test and one way ANOVA respectively was applied. We considered differences to be statistically significant when the p value was below 0.05. The strength of relationship between the two continuous variables was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. Etiological factors were thermal burns (36.7%), electrical burns (13.3%), post traumatic (35.6%) and post cellulitis (14.4%). Age ranged from 2 to 70 years with a mean of 28.9±13.4 years. Sixty-two patients treated were males (68.9%) and 28 were female (31.1%). The mean range of motion present across all joints before starting the therapy was 54.7±23.6 degrees. The mean improvement in contracture angle obtained by serial splintage was 37.4±28.1 degrees. The mean time taken to achieve plateau was 23.6±3.2 days. Maximum improvement was seen in thermal burn contractures (41.2±30.3 degrees). Least improvement was seen in contractures due to cellulitis (6.5±16.2 degrees). This finding was statistically significant [F(3,86)=4.25, p=0.005]. Significant difference was seen in response to therapy based on the joint involved [F(3,86)=3.36, p=0.02]. Highest improvement in the range of motion was seen in the

  9. 掌腱膜挛缩症的临床及病理基础%The Clinical and the Related Pathology of Dupuytren's Contracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘志军; 黄宗坚; 吴立东; 徐侃; 戴雪松

    2000-01-01

    目的:探讨掌腱膜挛缩症的病理改变与疗效之间的关系,为合理选择手术方式提供依据.方法:对26例掌腱膜挛缩症患者共29只手进行手术治疗,其中12只手单纯作掌腱膜切除术,17只手行掌腱膜切除+受累皮肤切除术,对其疗效进行平均4.6年的随访;并对24例掌腱膜标本作病理学及免疫组化检测.结果:所有行免疫组化检测的病变掌腱膜标本中均有α-平滑肌肌动蛋白的表达;单纯掌腱膜切除组的术后复发率为58.33%,掌腱膜切除+受累皮肤切除组术后复发率11.76%.结论:掌腱膜挛缩症的病理改变不仅仅局限在掌腱膜,也可累及皮下组织和皮肤.因此,对病变已侵及皮肤的病例应作掌腱膜切除+受累皮肤切除术.

  10. 45例掌腱膜挛缩症临床分析%Report of 45 cases of Dupuytren' s contracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张辉; 翟希; 田立杰

    2003-01-01

    目的探讨掌腱膜挛缩症的病变特点和治疗方法.方法45例掌腱膜挛缩症,76只手行掌腱膜切除,手掌及手指挛缩皮肤"Z"字成形术,10只手掌腱膜及受累皮肤切除后游离植皮术,送病理检查7例.结果术后平均随访5年,仅5例复发,其余挛缩解除,疗效确定.其中15只手出现神经损伤、皮下血肿、皮片部分坏死等并发症.结论掌腱膜挛缩症在国外为常见病,国人发病率相对较低,好发于中、老年男性,国内患者就诊时多已经形成明显挛缩,故多采用手术疗法,其效果可靠,早期手术术后效果好.

  11. prophylaxis and treatnent of postoperative necrosis in Dupuytren's Contracture%掌腱膜挛缩症术后皮肤坏死及其防治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李中檀; 李炳万; 李锐

    2005-01-01

    目的:探讨掌腱膜挛缩病人掌腱膜切除术后皮肤坏死的原因及其防治方法.方法:采用挛缩掌腱膜松解切除术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症38例64只手,其中采用齿状切口者18例26只手,采用直切口加"Z"字改形切口者20例38只手.结果:经1~5年(平均1年7个月)随访,61只手完全恢复伸直功能,1指轻度伸指障碍,4指的掌指关节及近侧指间关节轻度伸直障碍.采用齿状切口术后发生皮肤坏死者9/26只手,采用直切口加"Z"字改形切口未再发生1例皮肤坏死.结论:掌腱膜挛缩症术后皮肤坏死的主要原因与皮肤血运有关,而皮肤血运障碍主要与手术切口的设计有关.在掌腱膜挛缩和粘连严重的部位按长轴作直切口可以防止创缘皮肤坏死.

  12. Treatment of Dupuytren's contracture with partial resection of palmar fascia%掌腱膜部分切除术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康皓; 洪光祥; 王发斌; 黄启顺; 翁雨雄; 陈振兵

    2003-01-01

    目的探讨掌腱膜挛缩症治疗的临床经验.方法1980年以来,我院共治疗掌腱膜挛缩症22例,全部采用掌腱膜部分切除术.结果19例病人获得满意的治疗效果,应用Tubiana's法评价,手术后优良率为86.4%,效果良好.结论本手术成功的关键在于:仔细分离皮瓣,避免皮肤坏死;避免血管神经束损伤;彻底切除挛缩腱膜,避免术后复发;彻底止血,防止血肿形成和感染;术后早期进行功能锻炼.

  13. Incidence and predictors of contracture after spinal cord injury--a prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diong, J; Harvey, L A; Kwah, L K; Eyles, J; Ling, M J; Ben, M; Herbert, R D

    2012-08-01

    Prospective cohort study. To determine incidence of contracture and develop prediction models to identify patients susceptible to contracture after spinal cord injury. Two Sydney spinal cord injury units. A total of 92 consecutive patients with acute spinal cord injury were assessed within 35 days of injury and 1 year later. Incidence of contracture at 1 year was measured in all major appendicular joints by categorizing range of motion on a 4-point scale (0-no contracture to 3-severe contracture), and in the wrist, elbow, hip and ankle by measuring range of motion at standardized torque. Multivariate models were developed to predict contracture at 1 year using age, neurological status, spasticity, pain and limb fracture recorded at the time of injury. At 1 year, 66% of participants developed at least one contracture (defined as ≥1 point deterioration on the 4-point scale). Incidence of contracture at each joint was: shoulder 43%, elbow and forearm 33%, wrist and hand 41%, hip 32%, knee 11% and ankle 40%. Incidence of contracture determined by standardized torque measures of range (defined as loss of ≥10 degrees) was: elbow 27%, wrist 26%, hip 23% and ankle 25%. Prediction models were statistically significant but lacked sufficient predictive accuracy to be clinically useful (R(2)≤31%). The incidence of contracture in major joints 1 year after spinal cord injury ranges from 11-43%. The ankle, wrist and shoulder are most commonly affected. It is difficult to accurately predict those susceptible to contracture soon after injury.

  14. Multidisciplinary conservative management in classical Volkmann's contracture: A case report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reinders, M.F.; Geertzen, J.H.B.; Eisma, W.H.

    1996-01-01

    This clinical note describes the case of a nine-year-old girl with classical Volkmann's contracture of the left forearm. The report demonstrates the results and follow-up of conservative orthotic management used as a mode of treatment by a multidisciplinary team. When using an orthosis it is

  15. Experience with corrective surgery for postburn contractures in Mumbai, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Francis S; Tran, Huong H; Sinha, Indranil; Patel, Anup; Nelson, Rebecca A; Pandya, Ankur N; Keswani, Sunil; Watkins, James F

    2012-01-01

    Postburn contracture is a source of significant morbidity in India, even though its occurrence can be reduced significantly by comprehensive postburn injury care, including surgical intervention. This study investigates whether limited access to initial medical care after burn injury has been associated with increased contracture formation among lower socioeconomic class patients in Mumbai, India. During a surgical mission in Mumbai, India, patients presenting with functionally debilitating burn contractures and minimal income were surveyed for initial care received immediately after burn injury. The survey consisted of questions regarding the history of burn injury and details of any initial treatment. Demographic data were collected by chart review. Thirty-eight patients from the state of Maharashtra participated in the study (mean age 28.1 years). The most common etiology of burn injury was from kerosene stove blasts (74%), and the most common morbidities were contractures of the neck and upper extremity. On average, time elapsed since the original injury was 2.8 years. Nearly all patients sought initial medical care at hospitals (97%) with the majority receiving only dressing changes for their full-thickness or deep-dermal burns (61%). The most common reason for not seeking out delayed burn reconstruction was perceived cost (65%). Ultimately, 60 operations were performed, of which 9 (15%) developed postsurgical complications. These data suggest that a subset of lower socioeconomic class burn patients in Maharashtra received suboptimal initial intervention. Comprehensive initial therapy after burn injury may provide better outcomes and limit the number of patients requiring delayed reconstruction.

  16. Tratamiento no quirúrgico de la contractura de Dupuytren con colagenasa de Clostridium hystoliticum

    OpenAIRE

    S. Mármol-Soler; L. Espejo-Ortega; C. Gutiérrez-Ortega; M. García-Rosado; A. Valera-Núñez; C. Ramos-Lozada; A. Martínez-Murillo; F. De Juan-Pérez

    2013-01-01

    La contractura de Dupuytren origina una pérdida progresiva de la función de la mano. Su tratamiento de elección es quirúrgico. La inyección de una solución compuesta por dos colagenasas distintas aisladas y purificadas a partir de la bacteria Clostridium histolyticum realiza lisis selectiva del colágeno en la cuerda pretendinosa. Presentamos nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de la enfermedad mediante la inyección de dicha colagenasa en 15 pacientes como opción no quirúrgica. Se trata de u...

  17. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of Dupuytren disease in the general population of Western countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanting, Rosanne; Broekstra, Dieuwke C; Werker, Paul M N; van den Heuvel, Edwin R

    BACKGROUND: Dupuytren disease is a fibroproliferative disease of palmar fascia of the hand. Its prevalence has been the subject of several reviews; however, an accurate description of the prevalence range in the general population--and of the relation between age and disease--is lacking. METHODS:

  18. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of Dupuytren disease in the general population of Western countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanting, Rosanne; Broekstra, Dieuwke C; Werker, Paul M N; van den Heuvel, Edwin R

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Dupuytren disease is a fibroproliferative disease of palmar fascia of the hand. Its prevalence has been the subject of several reviews; however, an accurate description of the prevalence range in the general population--and of the relation between age and disease--is lacking. METHODS: Em

  19. Postburn shoulder medial-adduction contracture: anatomy and treatment with trapeze-flap plasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grishkevich, Viktor M

    2013-03-01

    Shoulder-adduction contractures after burn, most frequent among big joints, cause functional deficiency of the upper limb and, therefore, benefits from surgical correction. Many reconstructive techniques and flaps have been suggested for contracture treatment, but the problem in choosing an adequate reconstructive technique based on the anatomy of the contracture remains. Shoulder-adduction contracture has been given less emphasis in research than any other type and its surgical reconstructive technique remains of concern. Anatomic features of scar shoulder-adduction contractures were studied in 346 patients, personally operated upon. This allowed us to classify all contractures into three types: edge, medial and total. New surgical techniques specifically for medial contractures were developed. Eighty percent of patients had edge contractures in which the axillary fossa was spared. In 20% of patients, axilla, including the hairy dome, was involved. These cases were anatomically classified into two types: medial, making up 30% of the cases, when contracted scars involved only axilla, and total caused by scars, tightly surrounding the shoulder joint. The scars, causing medial contracture, form a crescent-shaped fold along the medial axillary line. The fold's sheets are scars in which there is skin surface surplus in width, which allows the contracture release with local tissues. Surface deficiency in length has a trapezoid form. Medial contracture can be successfully treated with opposite transposition of trapezoid adipose-scar flaps prepared from both sheets of the fold. Medial shoulder-adduction contracture is a newly described type with specific anatomic features. Contracture can be successfully treated with local tissues using trapeze-flap plasty. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

  20. Early post-operative results of percutaneous needle fasciotomy in 451 patients with Dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molenkamp, Sanne; Schouten, Tanneke A M; Broekstra, Dieuwke C; Werker, Paul M N; Moolenburgh, J Daniel

    2017-02-13

    Percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) is a minimally invasive treatment modality for Dupuytren disease (DD). In this study we analyzed the efficacy and complication-rate of PNF using a statistical method that takes the multi-level structure of data, regarding multiple measurements from the same patients, into account. The data of 470 treated rays from 451 patients with Dupuytren disease that underwent percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) were analyzed retrospectively. We described the early postoperative results of PNF and we applied linear mixed models to compare mean correction of PED between joints and efficacy of primary versus secondary PNF. Mean preoperative PED's at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP), proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints were 37˚, 40˚ and 31˚ respectively. Mean preoperative TPED was 54˚. Results were excellent, with a mean TPED correction of 85%. PNF was most effective for MCP-joints and less effective for PIP and DIP-joints. Secondary PNF was as effective as primary PNF. Complications were rare and mostly minor. The results of this study confirm that PNF is an effective and safe treatment modality for patients with mild to moderate disease who prefer a minimally invasive procedure.

  1. Early Postoperative Results of Percutaneous Needle Fasciotomy in 451 Patients with Dupuytren Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molenkamp, Sanne; Schouten, Tanneke A M; Broekstra, Dieuwke C; Werker, Paul M N; Moolenburgh, J Daniel

    2017-06-01

    Percutaneous needle fasciotomy is a minimally invasive treatment modality for Dupuytren disease. In this study, the authors analyzed the efficacy and complication rate of percutaneous needle fasciotomy using a statistical method that takes the multilevel structure of data, regarding multiple measurements from the same patient, into account. The data of 470 treated rays from 451 patients with Dupuytren disease that underwent percutaneous needle fasciotomy were analyzed retrospectively. The authors described the early postoperative results of percutaneous needle fasciotomy and applied linear mixed models to compare mean correction of passive extension deficit between joints and efficacy of primary versus secondary percutaneous needle fasciotomy. Mean preoperative passive extension deficits at the metacarpophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints were 37, 40, and 31 degrees, respectively. Mean preoperative total passive extension deficit was 54 degrees. Results were excellent, with a mean total passive extension deficit correction of 85 percent. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy was most effective for metacarpophalangeal joints and less effective for proximal interphalangeal and distal interphalangeal joints. Secondary percutaneous needle fasciotomy was as effective as primary percutaneous needle fasciotomy. Complications were rare and mostly minor. The results of this study confirm that percutaneous needle fasciotomy is an effective and safe treatment modality for patients with mild to moderate disease who prefer a minimally invasive procedure. Therapeutic, IV.

  2. Expression of gap junction proteins connexins 26, 30, and 43 in Dupuytren's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzer, Lukas A; Cör, Andrej; Holzer, Gerold

    2014-02-01

    Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a benign fibroproliferative process of the palmar aponeurosis showing similarities to wound healing. Communication of cells involved in wound healing is mediated by the composition of gap junction (GJ) proteins. We investigated the expression of 3 GJ proteins, connexins 26, 30, and 43 (Cx26, Cx30, and Cx43) in DD. Fragments of Dupuytren's tissue from 31 patients (mean age 56 (30-76) years, 24 male) were analyzed immunohistochemically and compared to control tissue for expression of the GJ proteins Cx26, Cx30, and Cx43 and also alfa-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). 14 of 31 samples could be attributed to the involutional phase (α-SMA positive) whereas 17 samples had to be considered cords in the residual phase (α-SMA negative). Expression of Cx26 and Cx43 was seen in 12 of the 14 samples from the involutional phase, and Cx30 was seen in 7 of these. Only 4 of the 17 samples from the residual phase showed any Cx, and there was none in the controls. The high expression of GJ proteins Cx26, Cx30, and Cx43 in α-SMA positive myofibroblast-rich nodules, which are characteristic of the active involutional phase of DD, suggests that connexins could be a novel treatment target for the treatment of DD.

  3. The natural history of a newly developed flexion contracture following primary total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anania, Andres; Abdel, Matthew P; Lee, Yuo-yu; Lyman, Stephen; González Della Valle, Alejandro

    2013-10-01

    We investigated the incidence, natural history, and functional consequences of a newly developed flexion contracture after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Forty patients with full knee extension preoperatively who developed a postoperative flexion contracture were match-paired 1:2 with 80 patients who had full extension. The incidence of a newly developed flexion contracture, ROM, and Knee Society scores (KSS) at six weeks, four months, and one year were analysed. The incidence of a new flexion contracture at six weeks was 14%, but diminished to 5% and 0.3% at four months and one year, respectively. One year after surgery, there was no difference in the KSS (p = 0.5). This study showed that the majority of patients who developed a new flexion contracture after TKA have full knee extension one year postoperatively. Moreover, knee extension and KSS at one year are equivalent to those patients who did not developed a flexion contracture.

  4. New perspectives on the development of muscle contractures following central motor lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pingel, Jessica; Bartels, Else Marie; Nielsen, Jens Bo

    2017-01-01

    Muscle contractures are common in patients with central motor lesions, but the mechanisms responsible for the development of contractures are still unclear. Increased or decreased neural activation, protracted placement of a joint with the muscle in a short position and muscle atrophy have been...... suggested to be involved, but none of these mechanisms are sufficient to explain the development of muscle contractures alone. Here we propose that changes in tissue homeostasis in the neuro-muscular-tendon-connective tissue complex is at the heart of the development of contractures, and that an integrated...... physiological understanding of the interaction between neural, mechanical and metabolic factors, as well as genetic and epigenetic factors, is necessary in order to unravel the mechanisms that result in muscle contractures. We hope thereby to contribute to a reconsideration of how and why muscle contractures...

  5. Serial casting for elbow flexion contractures in neonatal brachial plexus palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duijnisveld, B J; Steenbeek, D; Nelissen, R G H H

    2016-09-02

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of serial casting of elbow flexion contractures in neonatal brachial plexus palsy. A prospective consecutive cohort study was performed with a median follow-up of 5 years. Forty-one patients with elbow flexion contractures ≥ 30° were treated with serial casting until the contracture was ≤ 10°, for a maximum of 8 weeks. Range of motion, number of recurrences and patient satisfaction were recorded and analyzed using Wilcoxon signed-rank and Cox regression tests. Passive extension increased from a median of -40° (IQR -50 to -30) to -15° (IQR -10 to -20, p contractures, although recurrences were frequent. The severity of elbow flexion contracture is a predictor of recurrence. We recommend more research on muscle degeneration and determinants involved in elbow flexion contractures to improve treatment strategies and prevent side-effects.

  6. Reconstruction of hand contracture by reverse ulnar perforator flap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz Eser

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Hand burn scar contractures affect patients in aesthetic and functional aspects. After releasing these scars, the defects should be repaired. The reconstruction methods include primary suturation, Z plasty, skin grafting, local or free flaps, etc. All methods have their own advantages and disadvantages. One of the most useful flaps is the reverse ulnar perforator flap. We performed a two-staged procedure for repairing a post-burn contracture release defect in a 40-year-old male. In the first stage we applied reverse ulnar perforator flap for the hand defect, and ulnar artery and vein repair in the second stage. In conclusion, this two-staged procedure is a non-primary but useful option for hand and finger defects and prevents major vascular structure damage of the forearm. [Hand Microsurg 2016; 5(1.000: 40-43

  7. Linear Hand Burn Contracture Release under Local Anesthesia without Tourniquet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasetyono, Theddeus O H; Koswara, Astrid F

    2015-10-01

    The objective of this report is to present a case of hand burn linear contracture release performed under local anesthesia. It also introduces the one-per-mil tumescent solution consisted of 0.2% lidocaine and 1:1.000.000 epinephrine as a local anesthesia formula, which has the potential of providing adequate anesthesia as well as hemostatic effect during surgery of the hand without tourniquet. The surgery was performed on a 19 year-old male patient with multiple thumb and fingers flexion linear contracture for 105 minutes without any obstacle. The patient did not complain any pain and discomfort during the procedure; while bloodless operative field was successfully achieved. At four-month follow up, the patient could fully extend his thumb, middle and ring finger, while the index was limited by 10° at the DIP joint. Overall, the patient was satisfied with the outcome.

  8. Neonatal Volkmann Ischemic Contracture: Case Report and Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hitesh Agrawal

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background - Neonatal Volkmann ischemic contracture in newborns is a devastating condition with lifelong consequences. Case Report - We report a neonate born with necrotic skin lesions and bullae on right dorsal thenar aspect of hand, who subsequently developed compartment syndrome requiring fasciotomy. Review and Conclusion - Necrotic skin lesions with/without swelling, bullae are invariably present at birth in these patients and should be recognized as a sentinel finding of underlying tissue ischemia/compartment syndrome. Early recognition and prompt surgical intervention can be limb saving. A range of radiologic abnormalities and contractures were noted in upto 84% of such patients followed long term. Hence, we recommend close follow-up until occurrence of epiphyseal fusion in these patients.

  9. Digital flexor musculotendinous contracture in two Devon Rex cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thom, Leonie K; Pool, Roy R; Malik, Richard

    2017-03-01

    Clinical summary: A 13-year-old, spayed Devon Rex with unilateral digital flexor musculotendinous contracture of the forelimb was treated by surgical tenotomy. The condition improved transiently, but recurred rapidly and became bilateral. Histopathologic analysis of necropsy tissues resulted in a morphologic diagnosis of fibromyositis of the antebrachial muscles causing contracture and flexural deformity of the carpi and phalanges of both thoracic limbs. A search for similar cases yielded the clinical notes of a second cat, a 10-year-old, spayed Devon Rex, also with bilateral disease. This second case responded well to surgical tenotomy but tissue biopsies were not obtained to permit microscopic assessment of the underlying pathologic process. Relevance and novel information: Acquired and permanent contracture of the digital flexor muscles and/or tendons of the forelimbs is a rare and poorly described condition of cats. The very limited number of documented cases describing disease affecting one or more digits (but not the carpus) infers a causal link with onychectomy, but reported histopathologic changes have been limited to the tendons. The two cases described in this report suffered contracture of the carpus and all digits bilaterally, one without previous onychectomy and the other 9 years after onychectomy. There were novel histopathologic findings in the muscles of the one case for which biopsy material was available. Information gained from these two cases provides a new perspective for the investigation and treatment of future cases. Specifically, consideration should be given to an underlying immune-mediated myopathic process and a possible genetic predisposition in the Devon Rex breed. Currently, the poorly understood etiopathogenesis hinders our ability to definitively recommend treatment options, which might include corticosteroids and other forms of immunosuppressive therapy.

  10. Intraoperative Manipulation for Flexion Contracture During Total Knee Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsui, Yoshio; Minoda, Yukihide; Fumiaki, Inori; Nakagawa, Sigeru; Okajima, Yoshiaki; Kobayashi, Akio

    2016-11-01

    Joint gap balancing during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is important for ensuring postoperative joint stability and range of motion. Although the joint gap should be balanced to ensure joint stability, it is not easy to achieve perfect balancing during TKA. In particular, relative extension gap shortening can induce flexion contracture. Intraoperative manipulation is often empirically performed. This study evaluated the tension required for this manipulation and investigated the influence of intraoperative manipulation on the joint gap in cadaveric knees. Total knee arthroplasty was performed in 6 cadaveric knees from whole body cadavers. Flexion contracture was induced using an insert that was 4 mm thicker than the extension gap, and intraoperative manipulation was performed. Study measurements included the changes in the joint gap after manipulation at 6 positions, with the knee bending from extension to 120° flexion, and the manipulation tension that was required to create a 4-mm increase in the gap. The manipulation tension needed to create a 4-mm increase in the extension gap was 303±17 N. The changes in the joint gap after manipulation were 0.4 mm, 0.6 mm, 0.2 mm, -0.2 mm, -0.4 mm, and -0.6 mm at 0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, 90°, and 120° flexion, respectively. Therefore, the joint gap was not significantly changed by the manipulation. Intraoperative manipulation does not resolve flexion contracture. Therefore, if flexion contracture occurs during TKA, treatment with additional bone cutting and soft tissue release is likely more appropriate than manipulation. [Orthopedics. 2016; 39(6):e1070-e1074.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  11. Complex surgical treatment of extension contractures of the knee joint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murodjon Irismetov

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The article describes experience with using new surgical treatment of patients with extensive contracture of the knee in the sport trauma department of Research Institute Traumatology and Orthopedics (Uzbekistan. Since 1998 to 2007 this method was used in treatment of 52 patient at age from 17 to 60. Follow-up results of the operative treatment at periods from 6 months up to 1.5 years studied in 43 patients. Good results were observed in 41 patients.

  12. Postinfective skin contracture: a rare cause of fifth metatarsophalangeal joint subluxation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Jatin; Mehtani, Anil

    2014-01-01

    Dislocation or subluxation of the metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) is common and usually follows a traumatic event. Non-traumatic causes usually include inflammatory arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis), connective tissue disorders, crowded shoewear or flexor digitorum longus tendon contracture. We present a very unusual case of subluxation of the fifth MTP joint following a postboil skin contracture. The case was treated with the release of contracture by Z-plasty. It resulted in concentric reduction of the joint and normal skin healing. PMID:25199201

  13. Perineal burn contractures: An experience in tertiary hospital of a Himalayan state

    OpenAIRE

    Thakur Jagdeep; Chauhan C. G. S; Diwana Vijay; Chuahan Dayal; Thakur Anamika

    2008-01-01

    Perineal burn contracture is a rare burn sequel. We conducted a retrospective analysis of cases with perineal burn contractures managed in a tertiary care centre of a Himalayan state. We found that all cases sustained burn injury from burning firewood and the time of presentation was two to six years after the burn injury. We analyzed our treatment method and have classified these contractures into two types.

  14. Perineal burn contractures: An experience in tertiary hospital of a Himalayan state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thakur Jagdeep

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Perineal burn contracture is a rare burn sequel. We conducted a retrospective analysis of cases with perineal burn contractures managed in a tertiary care centre of a Himalayan state. We found that all cases sustained burn injury from burning firewood and the time of presentation was two to six years after the burn injury. We analyzed our treatment method and have classified these contractures into two types.

  15. BLADDER NECK CONTRACTURE -VIEW THROUGH THE DIFFERENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS

    OpenAIRE

    松浦, 一

    1980-01-01

    The vesical orifice of the bladder neck contracture was viewed through the different optical systems. To observe the bladder neck contracture, the urethroscopy by the straight forward optical telescope and the cystoscopy by the retrograde optical telescope are useful. The bladder neck could be more accurately observed through the retrograde optical telescope. The bladder neck contracture was seen as an intravesical rising of the entire circumference of the rim of the bladder neck. Benign pros...

  16. Ischemic contracture of the left ventricle. Production and prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacGregor, D C; Wilson, G J; Tanaka, S; Holness, D E; Lixfeld, W; Silver, M D; Rubis, L J; Goldstein, W; Gunstensen, J; Bigelow, W G

    1975-12-01

    Ischemic contracture of the left ventricle ("stone heart") is a recognized complication of prolonged periods of interruption of the coronary circulation during open-heart surgery. We have examined the effects of moderate hypothermia (28 degrees C.) and preoperative beta-adrenergic blockade (propranolol, 0.5 mg. per kilogram; 1.0 mg. per kilogram) on contracture development during ischemic arrest of the heart. Four groups of 8 dogs each were placed on total cardiopulmonary bypass, and ischemic arrest of the heart was produced by cross-clamping the ascending aorta and venting the left ventricle. Intramyocardial carbon dioxide tension was continuously monitored by mass spectrometry. When anaerobic energy production ceased, as indicated by a final plateau in the intramyocardial carbon dioxide accumulation curve, the ischemic arrest was terminated and the contractile state of the heart observed. These results are given in the text. We conclude that beta-adrenergic blockade delays, but does not prevent, the onset of ischemic contracture of the left ventricle under normothermic conditions. Moderate hypothermia appears to prevent this complication completely.

  17. Factors associated with upper extremity contractures after cervical spinal cord injury: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardwick, Dustin; Bryden, Anne; Kubec, Gina; Kilgore, Kevin

    2017-06-05

    To examine the prevalence of joint contractures in the upper limb and association with voluntary strength, innervation status, functional status, and demographics in a convenience sample of individuals with cervical spinal cord injury to inform future prospective studies. Cross-sectional convenience sampled pilot study. Department of Veterans Affairs Research Laboratory. Thirty-eight participants with cervical level spinal cord injury. Not applicable. Contractures were measured with goniometric passive range of motion. Every joint in the upper extremity was evaluated bilaterally. Muscle strength was measured with manual muscle testing. Innervation status was determined clinically with surface electrical stimulation. Functional independence was measured with the Spinal Cord Independence Measure III (SCIM-III). Every participant tested had multiple joints with contractures and, on average, participants were unable to achieve the normative values of passive movement in 52% of the joints tested. Contractures were most common in the shoulder and hand. There was a weak negative relationship between percentage of contractures and time post-injury and a moderate positive relationship between percentage of contractures and age. There was a strong negative correlation between SCIM-III score and percentage of contractures. Joint contractures were noted in over half of the joints tested. These joint contractures were associated with decreased functional ability as measured by the SCIM-III. This highlights the need the need for detailed evaluation of the arm and hand early after injury as well as continued monitoring of joint characteristics throughout the life course of the individual with tetraplegia.

  18. Feasibility and reliability of using an exoskeleton to emulate muscle contractures during walking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attias, M; Bonnefoy-Mazure, A; De Coulon, G; Cheze, L; Armand, S

    2016-10-01

    Contracture is a permanent shortening of the muscle-tendon-ligament complex that limits joint mobility. Contracture is involved in many diseases (cerebral palsy, stroke, etc.) and can impair walking and other activities of daily living. The purpose of this study was to quantify the reliability of an exoskeleton designed to emulate lower limb muscle contractures unilaterally and bilaterally during walking. An exoskeleton was built according to the following design criteria: adjustable to different morphologies; respect of the principal lines of muscular actions; placement of reflective markers on anatomical landmarks; and the ability to replicate the contractures of eight muscles of the lower limb unilaterally and bilaterally (psoas, rectus femoris, hamstring, hip adductors, gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis posterior, and peroneus). Sixteen combinations of contractures were emulated on the unilateral and bilateral muscles of nine healthy participants. Two sessions of gait analysis were performed at weekly intervals to assess the reliability of the emulated contractures. Discrete variables were extracted from the kinematics to analyse the reliability. The exoskeleton did not affect normal walking when contractures were not emulated. Kinematic reliability varied from poor to excellent depending on the targeted muscle. Reliability was good for the bilateral and unilateral gastrocnemius, soleus, and tibialis posterior as well as the bilateral hamstring and unilateral hip adductors. The exoskeleton can be used to replicate contracture on healthy participants. The exoskeleton will allow us to differentiate primary and compensatory effects of muscle contractures on gait kinematics. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Post-traumatic flexion contractures of the elbow: Operative treatment via the limited lateral approach

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    Carr Andrew J

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Varying surgical techniques, patient groups and results have been described regards the surgical treatment of post traumatic flexion contracture of the elbow. We present our experience using the limited lateral approach on patients with carefully defined contracture types. Surgical release of post-traumatic flexion contracture of the elbow was performed in 23 patients via a limited lateral approach. All patients had an established flexion contracture with significant functional deficit. Contracture types were classified as either extrinsic if the contracture was not associated with damage to the joint surface or as intrinsic if it was. Overall, the mean pre-operative deformity was 55 degrees (95%CI 48 – 61 which was corrected at the time of surgery to 17 degrees (95%CI 12 – 22. At short-term follow-up (7.5 months the mean residual deformity was 25 degrees (95%CI 19 – 30 and at medium-term follow-up (43 months it was 32 degrees (95%CI 25 – 39. This deformity correction was significant (p Surgical release of post-traumatic flexion contracture of the elbow via a limited lateral approach is a safe technique, which reliably improves extension especially for extrinsic contractures. In this series all patients with an extrinsic contracture regained a functional range of movement and were satisfied with their surgery.

  20. Passive movements for the treatment and prevention of contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhu, Rama K R; Swaminathan, Narasimman; Harvey, Lisa A

    2013-12-28

    Contractures, a common complication following immobility, lead to restricted joint range of motion. Passive movements (PMs) are widely used for the treatment and prevention of contractures; however, it is not clear whether they are effective. The aim of this review was to determine the effects of PMs on persons with contractures or at risk of developing contractures. Specifically, the aim was to determine whether PMs increase joint mobility. We searched the Cochrane Injuries Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE (Ovid SP), EMBASE (Ovid SP), ISI Web of Science (SCI-EXPANDED; SSCI; CPCI-S; CPCI-SSH), PEDro and PsycINFO (Ovid SP). The search was run on 21 November 2013. Randomised controlled trials of PMs administered for the treatment or prevention of contractures were included. Studies were included if they compared the effectiveness of PMs versus no intervention, sham intervention or placebo in people with or at risk of contracture. Studies that involved other co-interventions were included, provided the co-interventions were administered in the same way to all groups. Interventions administered through mechanical devices and interventions that involved sustained stretch were excluded. Three independent review authors screened studies for inclusion. Two review authors then extracted data and assessed risk of bias. Primary outcomes were joint mobility and occurrence of adverse events such as joint subluxations or dislocations, heterotopic ossification, autonomic dysreflexia and fractures or muscle tears. Secondary outcomes were quality of life, pain, spasticity, activity limitations and participation restrictions. We used standard methodological procedures as advocated by the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Two identified studies randomly assigned a total of 122 participants with neurological conditions comparing PMs versus no PMs. Data from 121 participants were available for

  1. The impact of Dupuytren disease on patient activity and quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilburn, J; McKenna, S P; Perry-Hinsley, D; Bayat, A

    2013-06-01

    To explore the impact of Dupuytren disease (DD) from the patients' perspective. Audio-recorded interviews were conducted for patients with Dupuytren disease (DD) attending outpatient clinics. The interviews were transcribed and subjected to content analysis. This analysis highlighted key impact areas and common themes in individuals' personal experiences. These were then allocated to categories specified by the World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (impairments and activity limitations) and the needs-based model of quality of life (QoL). Qualitative unstructured interviews were conducted with 34 patients (74% men; age, 41-80 y; mean [SD], 64 [13] y). The sample had a wide range of severity and duration of DD (range, 0.5-40; mean [SD], 13 [10] y). Nine hundred fifty-three statements relating to the impact of DD were identified from the interview transcripts. These statements fell into 2 major categories of impact: activity limitations (10 themes including problems with dressing, gripping, and personal care) and QoL (6 need categories: physiological, safety and security, social, affection, esteem, and cognitive needs). Findings from the interviews suggest that DD affects both performance of activities and QoL. To determine accurately the effectiveness of DD interventions from the patients' perspective, it is important to determine their impacts on both activity limitations and QoL. We intend to develop valid, reproducible, and responsive DD-specific scales for this purpose. The study identifies key issues specific to DD that influence patients' functioning and QoL. The information reported will form the basis of DD-specific patient-reported outcomes measures for use in clinical practice and evaluations of interventions. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of Dupuytren disease in the general population of Western countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanting, Rosanne; Broekstra, Dieuwke C; Werker, Paul M N; van den Heuvel, Edwin R

    2014-03-01

    Dupuytren disease is a fibroproliferative disease of palmar fascia of the hand. Its prevalence has been the subject of several reviews; however, an accurate description of the prevalence range in the general population--and of the relation between age and disease--is lacking. Embase and PubMed were searched using database-specific Medical Subject Headings; titles and abstracts were searched for the words "Dupuytren," "incidence," and "prevalence." Two reviewers independently assessed the articles using inclusion and exclusion criteria, and rated the included studies with a quality assessment instrument. In a meta-analysis, the median prevalence, as a function of age by sex, was estimated, accompanied by 95 percent prediction intervals. The observed heterogeneity in prevalence was investigated with respect to study quality and geographic location. Twenty-three of 199 unique identified articles were included. The number of participants ranged from 37 to 97,537, and age ranged from 18 to 100 years. Prevalence varied from 0.6 to 31.6 percent. The quality of studies differed but could not explain the heterogeneity among studies. Mean prevalence was estimated as 12, 21, and 29 percent at ages 55, 65, and 75 years, respectively, based on the relation between age and prevalence determined from 10 studies. The authors describe a prevalence range of Dupuytren disease in the general population of Western countries. The relation between age and prevalence of Dupuytren disease is given according to sex, including 95 percent prediction intervals. It is possible to determine disease prevalence at a certain age for the total population, and for men and women separately.

  3. Airway Management of Post-burn Neck Contracture with Microstomia: Age Old Technique Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chetna Jadeja;

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This case report describes airway management of a patient of post burn neck contracture with fixed flexion deformity and restricted mouth opening. Attempt to intubate the patient with fiberoptic bronchoscope failed so the neck contracture was released under tumescent anaesthesia. The patient was then intubated with the help of stylet.

  4. Thickening of the inferior glenohumeral capsule: an ultrasound sign for shoulder capsular contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelin, Paul; Delarue, Yohann; Duparc, Fabrice; Dacher, Jean Nicolas

    2013-10-01

    The aim of this retrospective study was to measure the inferior glenohumeral capsule thickness of shoulders clinically affected by capsular contracture by comparison to the contralateral asymptomatic side. Bilateral shoulder ultrasound (US) examinations of 20 patients with clinically or MRI proven unilateral capsular contracture were retrospectively assessed. Inferior capsule evaluation was performed with a transducer placed within the axilla in maximally abducted shoulders. Measurements were symmetrically performed orthogonally to the inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) in the axial plane; the coronal plane was used to ensure the tension of the IGHL. The significance of any difference in thickening was assessed with the Mann-Whitney test. The average thickness was 4.0 mm in shoulders with capsular contracture vs. 1.3 mm in asymptomatic contralateral shoulders (P contracture and inferior capsule thickness increase showed US features of other painful diseases of the rotator cuff. The thickness of the inferior capsule is measurable through ultrasound examination and appears to be increased in shoulders with capsular contracture. Exploration of the inferior aspect of the shoulder joint could be added to shoulder US examination protocols for capsular contracture assessment even if other rotator cuff abnormalities are diagnosed by US. • Ultrasound is increasingly used to diagnose shoulder problems. • The thickness of the inferior glenohumeral ligament is measurable in the axilla. • The inferior glenohumeral ligament appears thickened in shoulders with capsular contracture. • Capsular contracture ultrasound features can be associated with other rotator cuff problems.

  5. Angioleiomyoma: A Rare Cause of Fixed Flexion Contracture of the Elbow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asterios Dramis

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe an unusual case of a patient presented with a painless fixed flexion contracture of the elbow due to an angioleiomyoma. This benign smooth muscle tumour should be considered in the differential diagnosis of flexion contractures of the elbow.

  6. New minimally invasive option for the treatment of gluteal muscle contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Bin; Zhou, Panyu; Xia, Yan; Chen, Youyan; Yu, Jun; Xu, Shuogui

    2012-12-01

    Gluteal muscle contracture is a clinical syndrome that involves contracture and distortion of the gluteal muscles and fascia fibers due to multiple causes. Physical examination demonstrates a characteristic gait due to hip adduction and internal thigh rotation. This study introduces a new minimally invasive method for surgical release of gluteal muscle contracture. Patients with gluteal muscle contracture were assigned to 4 categories: type A, contracture occurred mainly in the iliotibial tract; type B, contracture occurred in the Iliotibial tract and gluteus maximus; type C1, movement of the contraction band was palpable and a snapping sound was audible during squatting; and type C2, movement of the contraction band was not palpable or almost absent and a snapping sound was audible during squatting. This classification method allowed prediction of the anatomic location of these pathological contractures and determination of the type of surgery required. Four critical points were used to define the operative field and served as points to mark a surgical incision smaller than 4 mm. The contracture was easily released in this carefully marked operative field without causing significant neurovascular damage. Over a period of 5 years, between March 2003 and June 2008, the authors treated 1059 patients with this method and achieved excellent outcomes. Most patients were fully active within 12 weeks, with the assistance of an early postoperative rehabilitation program. The most significant complication was a postoperative periarticular hematoma, which occurred in 3 patients within 10 days postoperatively and required surgical ligation of the bleeding vessel. Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.

  7. Dupuytren disease: European hand surgeons, hand therapists, and physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians agree on a multidisciplinary treatment guideline: results from the HANDGUIDE study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huisstede, Bionka M A; Hoogvliet, Peter; Coert, J Henk; Fridén, Jan

    2013-12-01

    Multidisciplinary treatment guidelines for Dupuytren disease can aid in optimizing the quality of care for patients with this disorder. Therefore, this study aimed to achieve consensus on a multidisciplinary treatment guideline for Dupuytren disease. A European Delphi consensus strategy was initiated. A systematic review reporting on the effectiveness of interventions was conducted and used as an evidence-based starting point for this study. In total, 39 experts (hand surgeons, hand therapists, and physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians) participated in the Delphi consensus strategy. Each Delphi round consisted of a questionnaire, an analysis, and a feedback report. After four Delphi rounds, consensus was achieved on the description, symptoms, and diagnosis of Dupuytren disease. No nonsurgical interventions were included in the guideline. Needle and open fasciotomy, and a limited fasciectomy and dermofasciectomy, were seen as suitable surgical techniques for Dupuytren disease. Factors relevant for choosing one of these surgical techniques were identified and divided into patient-related (age, comorbidity), disease-related (palpable cord, previous surgery in the same area, skin involvement, time of recovery, recurrences), and surgeon-related (years of experience) factors. Associations of these factors with the choice of a specific surgical technique were reported in the guideline. Postsurgical rehabilitation should always include instructions and exercise therapy; postsurgical splinting should be performed on indication. Relevant details for the use of surgical and postsurgical interventions were described. This treatment guideline is likely to promote further discussion on related clinical and scientific issues and may therefore contribute to better treatment of patients with Dupuytren disease.

  8. Acquired muscle contractures in the dog and cat. A review of the literature and case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, J; Tangner, C H

    2007-01-01

    Canine and feline muscle contracture is reported to affect several different muscles, is associated with a number of predisposing factors, and a varying prognosis depending upon which muscle is affected. Most patients suffer some form of trauma weeks to months before the contracture is present. The clinical signs include: lameness, pain, weakness, decreased range of motion, a firmness noted throughout the entire muscle, and usually a characteristic gait. Pre-disposing factors for muscle contracture include: compartment syndrome, infection, trauma, repetitive strains, fractures, infectious diseases, immune-mediated diseases, neoplasia, and ischaemia. There does appear to be some breed and age predilection, however, the sex of the animal does not have an appreciable influence. In general, muscle contractures of the forelimb respond better to treatment and carry a better prognosis than muscle contractures of the hindlimb.

  9. Use of adjunctive prednisolone in the management of a cat with bilateral quadriceps contracture following trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Penelope LC Tisdall

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Case summary A 6-month-old cat was successfully treated for bilateral quadriceps contracture. Conventional treatments including surgery, dynamic flexion apparatus and physical therapy along with analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs resulted in temporary clinical improvement that was relapsing. The initiation of supplementary corticosteroid treatment with prednisolone coincided with an immediate and sustained clinical improvement and long-term resolution. Relevance and novel information Successful treatment of bilateral quadriceps contracture has not previously been reported in a cat. Quadriceps contracture remains a challenging condition to treat with some cases unresponsive to therapy. Systemic prednisolone treatment appeared to be of benefit in the management of this case and may have a role in some cats where muscle contracture appears relapsing in nature. Further prospective investigations in cats with muscle contracture, including muscle biopsies of affected cats, are warranted.

  10. [DIAGNOSTIC VARIATIONS OF X-LINKED MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY WITH CONTRACTURES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kvirkvelia, N; Shakarishvili, R; Gugutsidze, D; Khizanishvili, N

    2015-01-01

    Case report with review describes X-linked muscular dystrophy with contractures in 28 years old man and his cousin. The disease revealed itself in an early stage (age 5-10), the process was progressing with apparent tendons retraction and contraction, limited movement in the areas of the neck and back of spine, atrophy of shoulder and pelvic yard and back muscles. Intellect was intact. Cardyomyopathy was exhibited. CK was normal. EMG showed classic myopathic features. Muscle biopsy showed different caliber groups of muscle fibers, growth of endo-perimesial connective tissue. Clinical manifestations together with electrophysiological and histological data suggest consistency with Rotthauwe-Mortier-Bayer X-linked muscular dystrophy.

  11. Potassium Chloride Versus Voltage Clamp Contractures in Ventricular Muscle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morad, M.; Reeck, S.; Rao, M.

    1981-01-01

    In frog ventricle, developed tension was markedly larger in response to depolarization caused by a voltage clamp step than to depolarization induced by high concentrations of potassium chloride. Measurement of extracellular potassium activity at the surface and at the depth of muscle during the development of contractures showed that the diffusion of potassium is much slower than the spread of depolarization through the cross section of muscle. These two observations suggest that competition between the depolarizing and the negative inotropic effects of an increase in the extracellular potassium ion concentration may determine the time course and magnitude of contractile tension in heart muscle.

  12. The Mast Cell Stabilizer Ketotifen Fumarate Lessens Contracture Severity and Myofibroblast Hyperplasia: A Study of a Rabbit Model of Posttraumatic Joint Contractures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monument, Michael J.; Hart, David A.; Befus, A. Dean; Salo, Paul T.; Zhang, Mei; Hildebrand, Kevin A.

    2010-01-01

    Background The propensity of the elbow to become stiff after trauma is widely appreciated and in this setting, the joint capsule is commonly recognized as the major motion-limiting anatomical structure. Affected joint capsules become fibrotic, characterized by myofibroblast hyperplasia and excessive collagen deposition. Mast cell hyperplasia is common within fibrotic tissue and mast cells are known to synthesize many profibrotic mediators. We have hypothesized that mast cell inhibition after skeletal injury will lessen the degree of contracture severity and will reduce myofibroblast hyperplasia within the joint capsule. Methods Posttraumatic contractures of the knee were created using a combination of intra-articular injury coupled to internal immobilization in skeletally mature, New Zealand white rabbits. Four groups of animals were studied: a non-operative control group (CON), an operative contracture group (ORC) and two-operative groups treated with a mast cell stabilizer, Ketotifen fumarate at doses of 0.5mg/kg (KF0.5) and 1.0mg/kg (KF1.0) twice daily, respectively. After 8 weeks of immobilization, flexion contractures were measured biomechanically and the posterior joint capsule was harvested for quantification of myofibroblast and mast cell numbers. Results Flexion contractures developed in the ORC group (58 ± 14°) and the severity of contracture was significantly reduced in both groups treated with Ketotifen (KF0.5: 42 ± 17° and KF1.0: 45 ± 10°, pcontracture group (pcontracture. This is suggestive that an inflammatory pathway, mediated by mast cell activation is involved in the induction of joint capsule fibrosis after traumatic injury. Clinical Relevance These results suggest mast cell activation is an important event in the genesis of posttraumatic joint contractures. Further work is needed to determine if mast cell inhibition has a role in the prevention of posttraumatic joint contractures in humans. PMID:20516323

  13. Effects of joint contracture on the contralateral unoperated limb in a rabbit knee contracture model: a biomechanical and genetic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel, Matthew P; Morrey, Mark E; Grill, Diane E; Kolbert, Christopher P; An, Kai-Nan; Steinmann, Scott P; Sanchez-Sotelo, Joaquin; Morrey, Bernard F

    2012-10-01

    In most animal models, unoperated contralateral limbs are used as controls. However, in some experimental circumstances, the contralateral limb may represent a skewed control. The main purpose of this study was to determine if the unoperated contralateral limb could be used as a control, or if a different unoperated animal's limb should be used instead. Seventeen rabbits were divided into two groups. Group 1 rabbits (n = 12) underwent surgery on their right limbs to induce a contracture. Group 2 rabbits (n = 5) underwent no surgery. The left non-operated limbs of rabbits in group 1 were biomechanically and genetically compared to the limbs of unoperated rabbits in group 2 with the use of a validated joint measuring device and custom microarray, respectively. After 8 weeks of immobilization, there was a statistically greater flexion contracture in the unoperated contralateral limbs compared to the limbs of animals that received no surgery(8.4 ± 8.9° vs. 0 ± 0°; p-value = 0.03). When animals were remobilized for an additional 16 weeks, the significance between groups was lost (11.9 ± 21.4° vs. 8.9 ± 9.5°; p = 0.38). Similarly, there was a statistically significant increase in nine genes at 8 weeks (p contracture at 8 weeks. After 16 weeks of remobilization, there is no biomechanical or genetic difference between contralateral non-operated limbs and limbs of animals not undergoing any surgical intervention. Given the biomechanical and genetic findings, the contralateral non-operated limb can be used as a valid control. Copyright © 2012 Orthopaedic Research Society.

  14. Use of resources and costs associated with the treatment of Dupuytren’s contracture at an orthopedics and traumatology surgery department in Denia (Spain): collagenase clostridium hystolyticum versus subtotal fasciectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Our purpose was to analyze and compare the use of direct health resources and costs generated in the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture using two different techniques: subtotal fasciectomy and infiltration with Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum (CCH) in regular clinical practice at the Orthopedic and Traumatology Surgery (OTS) Department at the Hospital de Denia (Spain). Methods Observational, retrospective study based on data from the computerized clinical histories of two groups of patients- those treated surgically using a one or two digit subtotal fasciectomy technique (FSC) and those treated with CCH infiltration, monitored in regular clinical practice from February, 2009 to May, 2012. Demographic (age, sex), clinical (number of digits affected and which ones) and use of resources (hospitalizations, medical visits, tests and drugs) data were collected. Resource use and associated costs, according to the hospital’s accounting department, were compared based on the type of treatment from Spain’s National Health Service. Results 91 patients (48 (52.8%) in the FSC group) were identified. The average age and number of digits affected was 65.9 (9.2) years and 1.33 (0.48) digits affected in the FSC group, and 65.1 (9.7) years and 1.16 (0.4) digits in the CCH group. Overall, the costs of treating Dupuytren's disease with subtotal FSC amount to €1,814 for major ambulatory surgery and €1,961 with hospital stay including admission, surgical intervention (€904), examinations, dressings and physiotherapy. As to collagenase infiltration, costs amount to €952 (including minor surgery admission, vial with product, office examination and dressings). Finally, comparing total costs for treatments, a savings of €388 is estimated in favor of CCH treatment in the best-case scenario (patient under MAS system with no need for physiotherapy) and €1,008 in the worst-case scenario (patient admitted to hospital needing subsequent physiotherapy), implying a

  15. Gastrocnemius Contracture in Patients With and Without Foot Pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jastifer, James R; Marston, Jessica

    2016-11-01

    Several studies report performing a recession of the gastrocnemius tendon as surgical treatment of foot and ankle pain related to an isolated gastrocnemius contracture. Few report ankle range of motion using a validated measurement device or report a control group. All previous studies reporting measurements using a validated device have been small in number. Using a previously validated device, 66 patients presenting with foot or ankle pain and 66 controls were measured for ankle range of motion and isolated gastrocnemius contractures. Clinical and goniometer measurement of ankle range of motion was also performed. The foot and ankle pain group had a mean dorsiflexion of 11.6 degrees compared with a mean of 17.2 degrees in the control group (P < .0001). No patients in either group had less than 15 degrees of motion with the knee flexed. The difference in dorsiflexion was less using a goniometer than using the validated device, which may be due to measurement technique and external landmarks. Patients with foot and ankle pain had less ankle dorsiflexion than the control group. This is the largest study to date using a validated measurement device as well as a control group and supports the findings of previous authors. Level II, prospective cohort study. © The Author(s) 2016.

  16. Congenital Heart Disease in Adolescents With Gluteal Muscle Contracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Tian; Zhang, Xin-tao; Zha, Zhen-gang; Zhang, Wen-tao

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC), presented with hip abduction and external rotation when crouching, is common in several ethnicities, particularly in Chinese. It remains unclear that the reasons why these children are weak and have no choice to accept repeated intramuscular injection. Here, we found some unique cases which may be useful to explain this question. We describe a series of special GMC patients, who are accompanied with congenital heart disease (CHD). These cases were first observed in preoperative examinations of a patient with atrial septal defect (ASD), which was proved by chest X-ray and cardiac ultrasound. From then on, we gradually identified additional 3 GMC patients with CHD. The original patient with ASD was sent to cardiosurgery department to repair atrial septal first and received arthroscopic surgery later. While the other 3 were cured postoperative of ventricular septal defect (VSD), tetralogy of fallot (TOF), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), respectively, and had surgery directly. The study gives us 3 proposals: (1) as to CHD children, it is essential to decrease the use of intramuscular injection, (2) paying more attention to cardiac examination especially cardiac ultrasound in perioperative period, and (3) taking 3D-CT to reconstruct gluteal muscles for observing contracture bands clearly in preoperation. However, more larger series of patients are called for to confirm these findings. PMID:25654394

  17. Congenital heart disease in adolescents with gluteal muscle contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Tian; Zhang, Xin-tao; Zha, Zhen-gang; Zhang, Wen-tao

    2015-02-01

    Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC), presented with hip abduction and external rotation when crouching, is common in several ethnicities, particularly in Chinese. It remains unclear that the reasons why these children are weak and have no choice to accept repeated intramuscular injection. Here, we found some unique cases which may be useful to explain this question. We describe a series of special GMC patients, who are accompanied with congenital heart disease (CHD). These cases were first observed in preoperative examinations of a patient with atrial septal defect (ASD), which was proved by chest X-ray and cardiac ultrasound. From then on, we gradually identified additional 3 GMC patients with CHD. The original patient with ASD was sent to cardiosurgery department to repair atrial septal first and received arthroscopic surgery later. While the other 3 were cured postoperative of ventricular septal defect (VSD), tetralogy of fallot (TOF), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), respectively, and had surgery directly. The study gives us 3 proposals: (1) as to CHD children, it is essential to decrease the use of intramuscular injection, (2) paying more attention to cardiac examination especially cardiac ultrasound in perioperative period, and (3) taking 3D-CT to reconstruct gluteal muscles for observing contracture bands clearly in preoperation. However, more larger series of patients are called for to confirm these findings.

  18. Use of preputial skin for coverage of post-burn contractures of fingers in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed I Zaroo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Hand burns are common injuries. Children frequently sustain burn injuries, especially to their hands. Contractures are a common sequel of severe burns around joints. The prepuce, or foreskin, has been used as a skin graft for a number of indications. We conducted this study to evaluate the feasibility of utilising the preputial skin for the management of post-burn contractures of fingers in uncircumcised male children. Materials and Methods: Preputial skin was used for the coverage of released contractures of fingers in 12 patients aged 2-6 years. The aetiology of burns was "Kangri" burn in eight patients and scalding in four patients. Six patients had contracture in two fingers, four patients in one finger, and two patients had contractures in three fingers. Results: None of the patients had graft loss, and all the wounds healed within 2 weeks. All patients had complete release of contractures without any recurrence. Hyperpigmentation of the grafts was observed over a period of time, which was well accepted by the parents. Conclusions: Preputial skin can be used successfully for male children with mild-to-moderate contractures of 2-3 fingers for restoration of the hand function, minimal donor site morbidity.

  19. Leg contracture in mice after single and multifractionated 137Cs exposure

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    Masuda, K.; Hunter, N.; Stone, H.B.; Withers, H.R.

    1987-08-01

    This is a report of studies of time-dose relationships for post-irradiation leg contractures in mice. The isoeffect doses for various degrees of contracture, measured 250 days after irradiation, increased with the number of fractions, but not with the overall treatment times, throughout 30 days. The isoeffect curves relating the total doses for given levels of responses to the doses per fraction were steeper for leg contractures than for acute skin reactions. The alpha/beta ratios ranged from 1.4 to 5.0 Gy, depending on the degrees of contracture. They were less than the 7.5 to 50 Gy for acute skin reactions as determined in previous experiments using the same animals and irradiation systems. Thus, the data resembled those from other slowly-responding normal tissues such as the spinal cord, kidney and lung. The leg contracture consisted of dermatogenic, myogenic, and arthrogenic components; after the mice were sacrificed there was residual contracture following removal of the skin and muscle. Inhibition of bone growth accounted for only a small proportion of the contracture. The overall response reflected responses of several tissue types.

  20. Functional and subjective assessment of burn contracture release in a mission setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Indranil; Zhu, Dagny; Ojomo, Kristin; Gfrerer, Lisa; Sawh-Martinez, Rajendra; Patel, Anup; Chan, Rodney K; Watkins, James F

    2016-03-01

    Burns and subsequent contractures are common in developing nations. Contracture release is performed to treat such patients with functional limitations. The aim of this study is to evaluate post-operative functional and psychosocial outcomes following contracture release in a mission setting. During a surgical mission in Mumbai, India, 39 patients burn contractures underwent surgical release. A total of 31 patients (64% female, mean age 27 years) chose to participate in the study. Patients were scored preoperatively and postoperatively using a SF-36 validated survey and AMA impairment guideline assessment. Thirty-one patients completed questionnaires pre-operative and 6-weeks post operatively. Twenty-four patients completed a survey 3-months post operatively (77.4%). Among those enrolled, 67% were women with the majority sustaining contractures (80.6%). SF-36 physical component score increased from a mean score of 49.8 preoperatively to 55.6 by 3 months following contracture release (Pcontracture release, confirming both functional and psychologic improvement following surgery. During the acute post-operative period, this study suggests that contracture release in a mission setting is of benefit to patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

  1. Degree of Contracture Related to Residual Muscle Shoulder Strength in Children with Obstetric Brachial Plexus Lesions.

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    van Gelein Vitringa, Valerie M; van Noort, Arthur; Ritt, Marco J P F; van Royen, Barend J; van der Sluijs, Johannes A

    2015-12-01

     Little is known about the relation between residual muscle strength and joint contracture formation in neuromuscular disorders. This study aimed to investigate the relation between residual muscle strength and shoulder joint contractures in children with sequelae of obstetric brachial plexus lesion (OBPL). In OBPL a shoulder joint contracture is a frequent finding. We hypothesize that residual internal and external rotator strength and their balance are related to the extent of shoulder joint contracture.  Clinical assessment was performed in 34 children (mean 10.0 years) with unilateral OBPL and Narakas classes I-III. External and internal rotation strengths were measured with the shoulder in neutral position using a handheld dynamometer. Strength on the affected side was given as percentage of the normal side. Contracture was assessed by passive internal and external rotations in degrees (in 0° abduction). Mallet classification was used for active shoulder function.  External and internal rotation strengths on the affected side were approximately 50% of the normal side and on average both equally affected: 56% (SD 18%) respectively 51% (SD 27%); r = 0.600, p = 0.000. Residual strengths were not related to passive internal or external rotation (p > 0.200). Internal rotation strength (r =  - 0.425, p muscle strength influence contracture formation cannot be confirmed in this study. Our results are of interest for the understanding of contracture formation in OBPL.

  2. Noninflammatory Joint Contractures Arising from Immobility: Animal Models to Future Treatments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Kayleigh; Trudel, Guy; Laneuville, Odette

    2015-01-01

    Joint contractures, defined as the limitation in the passive range of motion of a mobile joint, can be classified as noninflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The pathophysiology is not well understood; limited information is available on causal factors, progression, the pathophysiology involved, and prediction of response to treatment. The clinical heterogeneity of joint contractures combined with the heterogeneous contribution of joint connective tissues to joint mobility presents challenges to the study of joint contractures. Furthermore, contractures are often a symptom of a wide variety of heterogeneous disorders that are in many cases multifactorial. Extended immobility has been identified as a causal factor and evidence is provided from both experimental and epidemiology studies. Of interest is the involvement of the joint capsule in the pathophysiology of joint contractures and lack of response to remobilization. While molecular pathways involved in the development of joint contractures are being investigated, current treatments focus on physiotherapy, which is ineffective on irreversible contractures. Future treatments may include early diagnosis and prevention.

  3. A method to evaluate contractures effects during the gait of children with Duchenne dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudreault, Nathaly; Gravel, Denis; Nadeau, Sylvie; Desjardins, Pierre; Brière, Anabèle

    2007-03-01

    Joint contractures are the second major impairment affecting the locomotor system of children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). While the negative influence of joint contractures has been documented, the passive moments produced by joint contractures could benefit the gait of patients with muscle weakness. We describe a biomechanical model that quantifies the mechanical contribution of ankle and hip flexion contractures to the gait of DMD children. Kinematic and kinetic parameters were measured under the same experimental conditions during the gait and passive resistance assessment of two subjects: one healthy child as a control, and one child with DMD. The child with DMD had a plantar flexion contracture and a greater ankle stiffness coefficient than the control child. During gait, the contribution of the ankle passive moment to the net moment was more important for the child with DMD than for the control child. At the hip, passive joint moments and passive moment contribution were more important for the control child but this was not related to the presence of hip flexion contracture. These preliminary results suggest the model might be used to evaluate contractures effect on a larger cohort of subjects.

  4. Adult Hip Flexion Contracture due to Neurological Disease: A New Treatment Protocol—Surgical Treatment of Neurological Hip Flexion Contracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Nicodemo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital, traumatic, or extrinsic causes can lead people to paraplegia; some of these are potentially; reversible and others are not. Paraplegia can couse hip flexion contracture and, consequently, pressure sores, scoliosis, and hyperlordosis; lumbar and groin pain are strictly correlated. Scientific literature contains many studies about children hip flexion related to neurological diseases, mainly caused by cerebral palsy; only few papers focus on this complication in adults. In this study we report our experience on surgical treatment of adult hip flexion contracture due to neurological diseases; we have tried to outline an algorithm to choose the best treatment avoiding useless or too aggressive therapies. We present 5 cases of adult hips flexion due to neurological conditions treated following our algorithm. At 1-year-follow-up all patients had a good clinical outcome in terms of hip range of motion, pain and recovery of walking if possible. In conclusion we think that this algorithm could be a good guideline to treat these complex cases even if we need to treat more patients to confirm this theory. We believe also that postoperation physiotherapy it is useful in hip motility preservation, improvement of muscular function, and walking ability recovery when possible.

  5. The prevalence, rate of progression, and treatment of elbow flexion contracture in children with brachial plexus birth palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheffler, Lindsey C; Lattanza, Lisa; Hagar, Yolanda; Bagley, Anita; James, Michelle A

    2012-03-07

    Elbow flexion contracture is a well-known complication of brachial plexus birth palsy that adversely affects upper-extremity function. The prevalence, risk factors, and rate of progression of elbow flexion contracture associated with brachial plexus birth palsy have not been established, and the effectiveness of nonoperative treatment involving nighttime splinting or serial casting has not been well studied. The medical records of 319 patients with brachial plexus birth palsy who had been seen at our institution between 1992 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients with an elbow flexion contracture (≥10°). The chi-square test for trend and the Kaplan-Meier estimator were used to evaluate risk factors for contracture, including age, sex, and the extent of brachial plexus involvement. Longitudinal models were used to estimate the rate of contracture progression and the effectiveness of nonoperative treatment. An elbow flexion contracture was present in 48% (152) of the patients with brachial plexus birth palsy. The median age of onset was 5.1 years (range, 0.25 to 14.8 years). The contracture was ≥30° in 36% (fifty-four) of these 152 patients and was accompanied by a documented radial head dislocation in 6% (nine). The prevalence of contracture increased with increasing age (p contracture increased by 4.4% per year before treatment (p contracture decreased by 31% when casting was performed (p contracture did not improve when splinting was performed but the rate of increase thereafter decreased to contracture in children with brachial plexus birth palsy may be greater than clinicians perceive. The prevalence increased with patient age but was not significantly affected by sex or by the extent of brachial plexus involvement. Serial casting may initially improve severe contractures, whereas nighttime splinting may prevent further progression of milder contractures.

  6. Impaired growth of denervated muscle contributes to contracture formation following neonatal brachial plexus injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolaou, Sia; Peterson, Elizabeth; Kim, Annie; Wylie, Christopher; Cornwall, Roger

    2011-03-02

    The etiology of shoulder and elbow contractures following neonatal brachial plexus injury is incompletely understood. With use of a mouse model, the current study tests the novel hypothesis that reduced growth of denervated muscle contributes to contractures following neonatal brachial plexus injury. Unilateral brachial plexus injuries were created in neonatal mice by supraclavicular C5-C6 nerve root excision. Shoulder and elbow range of motion was measured four weeks after injury. Fibrosis, cross-sectional area, and functional length of the biceps, brachialis, and subscapularis muscles were measured over four weeks following injury. Muscle satellite cells were cultured from denervated and control biceps muscles to assess myogenic capability. In a comparison group, shoulder motion and subscapularis length were assessed following surgical excision of external rotator muscles. Shoulder internal rotation and elbow flexion contractures developed on the involved side within four weeks following brachial plexus injury. Excision of the biceps and brachialis muscles relieved the elbow flexion contractures. The biceps muscles were histologically fibrotic, whereas fatty infiltration predominated in the brachialis and rotator cuff muscles. The biceps and brachialis muscles displayed reduced cross-sectional and longitudinal growth compared with the contralateral muscles. The upper subscapularis muscle similarly displayed reduced longitudinal growth, with the subscapularis shortening correlating with internal rotation contracture. However, excision of the external rotators without brachial plexus injury caused no contractures or subscapularis shortening. Myogenically capable satellite cells were present in denervated biceps muscles despite impaired muscle growth in vivo. Injury of the upper trunk of the brachial plexus leads to impaired growth of the biceps and brachialis muscles, which are responsible for elbow flexion contractures, and impaired growth of the subscapularis

  7. Glenohumeral abduction contracture in children with unresolved neonatal brachial plexus palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eismann, Emily A; Little, Kevin J; Laor, Tal; Cornwall, Roger

    2015-01-21

    Following neonatal brachial plexus palsy, the Putti sign-obligatory tilt of the scapula with brachiothoracic adduction-suggests the presence of glenohumeral abduction contracture. In the present study, we utilized magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to quantify this glenohumeral abduction contracture and evaluate its relationship to shoulder joint deformity, muscle atrophy, and function. We retrospectively reviewed MRIs of the thorax and shoulders obtained before and after shoulder rebalancing surgery (internal rotation contracture release and external rotation tendon transfer) for twenty-eight children with unresolved neonatal brachial plexus palsy. Two raters measured the coronal positions of the scapula, thoracic spine, and humeral shaft bilaterally on coronal images, correcting trigonometrically for scapular protraction on axial images. Supraspinatus, deltoid, and latissimus dorsi muscle atrophy was assessed, blinded to other measures. Correlations between glenohumeral abduction contracture and glenoid version, humeral head subluxation, passive external rotation, and Mallet shoulder function before and after surgery were performed. MRI measurements were highly reliable between raters. Glenohumeral abduction contractures were present in twenty-five of twenty-eight patients, averaging 33° (range, 10° to 65°). Among those patients, abductor atrophy was present in twenty-three of twenty-five, with adductor atrophy in twelve of twenty-five. Preoperatively, greater abduction contracture severity correlated with greater Mallet global abduction and hand-to-neck function. Abduction contracture severity did not correlate preoperatively with axial measurements of glenohumeral dysplasia, but greater glenoid retroversion was associated with worse abduction contractures postoperatively. Surgery improved passive external rotation, active abduction, and hand-to-neck function, but did not change the abduction contracture. A majority of patients with persistent shoulder weakness

  8. The Relationship of Bacterial Biofilms and Capsular Contracture in Breast Implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajdic, Dragana; Zoghbi, Yasmina; Gerth, David; Panthaki, Zubin J.; Thaller, Seth

    2016-01-01

    Capsular contracture is a common sequelae of implant-based breast augmentation. Despite its prevalence, the etiology of capsular contracture remains controversial. Numerous studies have identified microbial biofilms on various implantable materials, including breast implants. Furthermore, biofilms have been implicated in subclinical infections associated with other surgical implants. In this review, we discuss microbial biofilms as a potential etiology of capsular contracture. The review also outlines the key diagnostic modalities available to identify the possible infectious agents found in biofilm, as well as available preventative and treatment measures. PMID:26843099

  9. A systematic review of the psychometric properties of self-reported scales assessing burn contractures reveals the need for a new tool to measure contracture outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehanire, Tosan; Vissoci, Joao Ricardo Nickenig; Slaughter, Keimun; Coêlho, Rafael; Bond, Jennifer; Rodrigues, Clarissa; Pietrobon, Ricardo; Levinson, Howard

    2013-01-01

    Approximately 40% of burn patients develop scar contractures. It is unknown which scar contracture therapy best optimizes activities of daily living (ADL).The appropriateness of self-reported outcome tools in measuring anti-scar contracture therapies has not been assessed. We conducted a systematic review to determine the quality of existing self-reported scales in measuring ADL among burn patients by analyzing and comparing psychometric properties-factor analysis, validity, reliability, and responsiveness. EMBASE, LILACS, American Psychological Association PsycNET databases were searched for relevant articles. Forty-one articles discussing 10 burn and non-burn-specific scales met eligibility criteria of ADL assessment, and available psychometric analyses. A common strength in most scales was good overall reliability. Common weaknesses were insufficient data on factor analyses, content validity specific to ADL assessment, and responsiveness. The psychometric analyses studies on these scales had poor sample variability. There is insufficient data on the dimensionality and responsiveness of existing scales to support their use for measuring ADL in burn patients. Existing scales do not comprehensively measure ADLs as an isolated parameter. A psychometrically valid, comprehensive self-reported burn contracture scale that measures ADLs among a diverse group of burn patients needs to be developed to optimize burn contracture treatments and develop new therapies.

  10. Knee flexion contracture in haemophilia: treatment with circular external fixator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balci, H I; Kocaoglu, M; Eralp, L; Bilen, F E

    2014-11-01

    Haemophilia, a bleeding disorder, causes recurrent intra-articular bleeding of the joints result-ing in chronic haemophilic arthropathy with fixed knee flexion deformity. Mid-long-term results (between 2002 and 2006) of deformity correction in haemophilic patients with Ilizarov type circular external fixators were retrospectively evaluated. There were six patients (five haemophilia A and one haemophilia B). The mean age was 14.7 years (range, 8-22 years) at the time of initial surgery. The mean knee flexion contracture was 45 degrees (range, 30-75 degrees). The mean arc of motion was 58.3 degrees (range, 40-100) before the surgery. The mean duration of follow-up was 8 years (range, 5.5-10 years). The mean duration of external fixation was 4.4 months (range, 2.5-10.5 months). Full extension of the knee joint was obtained in all patients in the early postoperative period. No bleeding, neurological or vascular complications were encountered. The mean amount of recurrence in knee flexion contracture was 10 degrees (range, 0-15 degrees). The amount of the correction was significant (P = 0.0012) and the mean arc of motion was 51.6 degrees (range, 25-90 degrees) that show a decrease of 6.7 degrees (P = 0.04) at the end of follow-up. The circular external fixator is an important, safe and less invasive alternative surgical treatment modality with low recurrence rate. Using the external hinges and distraction during the correction has a protective effect on the joint. It requires a team-work consisting of a haematologist, an orthopaedic surgeon and a physical therapist. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Joint contractures in the absence of inflammation may indicate mucopolysaccharidosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thorne Carter

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Undiagnosed patients with the attenuated form of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS type I often have joint symptoms in childhood that prompt referral to a rheumatologist. A survey conducted by Genzyme Corporation of 60 European and Canadian rheumatologists and pediatric rheumatologists demonstrated that Bone and joint manifestations are prominent among most patients with MPS disorders. These life-threatening lysosomal storage diseases are caused by deficient activity of specific enzymes involved in the degradation of glycosaminoglycans. Patients with attenuated MPS disease often experience diagnostic delays. Enzyme replacement therapy is now commercially available for MPS I (laronidase, MPS II (idursulfase, and MPS VI (galsulfase. Presentation of the hypothesis Evolving joint pain and joint contractures in the absence of inflammation should always raise the suspicion of an MPS disorder. All such patients should undergo urinary glycosaminoglycan (uGAG analysis (not spot tests for screening in a reputable laboratory. Elevated uGAG levels and/or an abnormal uGAG pattern confirms an MPS disorder and specific enzyme testing will determine the MPS type. If uGAG analysis is unavailable and the patient exhibits any other common sign or symptom of an MPS disorder, such as corneal clouding, history of hernia surgery, frequent respiratory and/or ear, nose and throat infections; carpal tunnel syndrome, or heart murmur, proceed directly to enzymatic testing. Refer patients with confirmed MPS to a geneticist or metabolic specialist for further evaluation and treatment. Testing of the hypothesis We propose that rheumatologists, pediatric rheumatologists, and orthopedists consider our diagnostic algorithm when evaluating patients with joint pain and joint contractures. Implications of the hypothesis Children and young adults can suffer for years and sometimes even decades with unrecognized MPS. Rheumatologists may facilitate early diagnosis of MPS

  12. Clusters in Short-term Disease Course in Participants With Primary Dupuytren Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanting, Rosanne; van den Heuvel, Edwin R; Werker, Paul M N

    2016-03-01

    The course of Dupuytren disease (DD) is thought to be progressive; however, the course differs for each patient. The purpose of this study was to study the rate and pattern of progression of DD. We prospectively analyzed the course of DD at intervals of 3 to 6 months in 247 Dutch participants with primary DD by measuring the surface area of nodules and cords and the total passive extension deficit. The association between surface area and Tubiana stage was tested with generalized estimating equations. Latent class models were used to study different clusters in changes regarding the course of the disease. The variance in disease course between participants was large. Regarding the change in surface area (in all fingers) and total passive extension deficit (in the ring and little finger), different clusters were observed. Progression of disease was seen but there were also signs of stability and even regression. Patients with a smaller surface area at baseline were more likely to exhibit regression. This study showed that DD is not always progressive and that up to 75% of patients have a different short-term disease course, such as stability or even regression of disease. This should be taken into account when evaluating the effects of treatment for early-phase DD and in the design of future studies. Furthermore, this information may be useful when counseling patients. Prognostic II. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Adverse Effects of Collagenase in the Treatment of Dupuytren Disease: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanjuan-Cerveró, Rafael; Carrera-Hueso, Francisco J; Vazquez-Ferreiro, Pedro; Gomez-Herrero, Diego

    2017-04-01

    Collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) has proven to be both safe and effective in the treatment of Dupuytren disease (DD). The medium-term outcomes are similar to those achieved with surgery, and most adverse effects are self-limiting and considered to be mild or moderate. Our objective was to conduct a systematic review of the adverse effects of CCH in DD since the release of the drug to evaluate the incidence, severity, classification, and definitions of these effects. We analyzed the literature in terms of modifications to the original treatment protocol and grouped adverse effects according to their pathophysiological origin. We included 28 clinical studies and five case reports or case series analyzing 4456 patients with a mean age of 63.6 years. Mean follow-up was 7.07 months (range 3-24); the mean number of patients per study was 148 (range 5-1082). The studies did not classify the adverse effects they reported into groups. The most common effects were peripheral edema (54.4%), bruising (42.9%), and upper limb pain (28.3%). Significant biases were observed for use of terminology, demarcation of sites of involvement, severity criteria, and assessment methods. A simpler and clearer consensus-based classification system would enable better evaluation and comparison of the adverse effects of CCH in the treatment of DD. Consideration of inflammatory phenomena as part of the drug's mechanism of action would significantly reduce overall rates of adverse effects.

  14. WT1 expression is increased in primary fibroblasts derived from Dupuytren's disease tissues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Justin; Raykha, Christina; Charles, Daevina; Gan, Bing Siang; O'Gorman, David B

    2015-12-01

    Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a fibroproliferative and contractile fibrosis of the palmar fascia that, like all other heritable fibroses, is currently incurable. While DD is invariably benign, it exhibits some molecular similarities to malignant tumours, including increased levels of ß-catenin, onco-fetal fibronectin, periostin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II. To gain additional insights into the pathogenesis of DD, we have assessed the expression of WT1, encoding Wilm's tumour 1, an established tumour biomarker that is syntenic with IGF2, the gene encoding IGF-II in humans. We found that WT1 expression is robustly and consistently up regulated in primary fibroblasts derived from the fibrotic palmar fascia of patients with DD (DD cells), whereas syngeneic fibroblasts derived from the macroscopically unaffected palmar fascia in these patients and allogeneic fibroblasts derived from normal palmar fascia exhibited very low or undetectable WT1 transcript levels. WT1 immunoreactivity was evident in a subset of cells in the fibrotic palmar fascia of patients with DD, but not in macroscopically unaffected palmar fascia. These findings identify WT1 expression as a novel biomarker of fibrotic palmar fascia and are consistent with the hypothesis that the pathogeneses of DD and malignant tumours have molecular similarities.

  15. Quantitative and temporal differential recovery of articular and muscular limitations of knee joint contractures; results in a rat model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trudel, Guy; Laneuville, Odette; Coletta, Elizabeth; Goudreau, Louis; Uhthoff, Hans K

    2014-10-01

    Joint contractures alter the mechanical properties of articular and muscular structures. Reversibility of a contracture depends on the restoration of the elasticity of both structures. We determined the differential contribution of articular and muscular structures to knee flexion contractures during spontaneous recovery. Rats (250, divided into 24 groups) had one knee joint surgically fixed in flexion for six different durations, from 1 to 32 wk, creating joint contractures of various severities. After the fixation was removed, the animals were left to spontaneously recover for 1 to 48 wk. After the recovery periods, animals were killed and the knee extension was measured before and after division of the transarticular posterior muscles using a motorized arthrometer. No articular limitation had developed in contracture of recent onset (≤2 wk of fixation, P > 0.05); muscular limitations were responsible for the majority of the contracture (34 ± 8° and 38 ± 6°, respectively; both P contractures of recent onset (1 and 2 wk of fixation, respectively). Long-lasting contractures (≥4 wk of fixation) presented articular limitations, irreversible in all 12 durations of recovery compared with controls (all 12 P contractures of recent onset were primarily due to muscular structures, and they were reversible during spontaneous recovery. Long-lasting contractures were primarily due to articular structures and were irreversible. Comprehensive temporal and quantitative data on the differential reversibility of mechanically significant alterations in articular and muscular structures represent novel evidence on which to base clinical practice. Copyright © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

  16. Total Knee Arthroplasty for Severe Flexion Contracture in Rheumatoid Arthritis Knees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Youn Soo; Moon, Kyu Pill; Kim, Kyung Taek; Kim, Jin Wan; Park, Won Seok

    2016-01-01

    Flexion contracture deformities, as well as severe varus and valgus deformities of the knee joint, accompany osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In particular, severe flexion contracture deformity of the knee joint is often found in patients with RA, which renders them nonambulatory. This report describes a 26-year-old female patient diagnosed with RA 10 years ago. She had chronic joint pain, severe flexion contracture, valgus deformity in both knees, and limited range of motion in both knees and became nonambulatory. She underwent a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and serial casting and physical therapy to restore stable joint movement and correct knee joint deformity. Her pain was successfully relieved, and she was able to walk after surgery. Here, we report the excellent results of TKA in this RA patient with severe flexion contracture of both knees. PMID:27894181

  17. An extraordinary case of axillary contracture: trapped healthy skin and its adnexes under contracted scar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nisanci, Mustafa; Sahin, Ismail; Guzey, Serbulent

    2014-01-01

    Although striking improvements have been achieved in overall management of burn injury, postburn contractures are still an ongoing challenge to burn surgeons. Axillary adduction contracture is one of the most common types of these disabling postburn complications that usually result from suboptimal treatment after acute burns. An unusual and complicated case of axillary contracture in which the unburned, healthy axillary dome skin was trapped as a cystic mass under the scarred area was reconstructed by transfer of a big (17×13-cm) thoracodorsal artery perforator flap after contracture release. The result was satisfactory in terms of function and acceptable cosmetically. The underlying reasons for the inadequate treatment the patient received after surviving a severe electrical injury were discussed.

  18. Computer navigation results in less severe flexion contracture following total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bin Abd Razak, Hamid Rahmatullah; Yeo Jin, Seng; Chong Chi, Hwei

    2014-12-01

    We compared postoperative flexion contracture in navigated total knee arthroplasty (TKA) versus conventional TKA. Two groups (Group 1: conventional, Group 2: navigated) of 235 consecutive patients matched for age and gender were retrospectively compared. Range of motion, mechanical axes, Knee Society Scores, Oxford Knee Scores and Short Form-36® (SF-36) scores were collected prospectively and compared preoperatively and at 2years following TKA. At 2years, patients who underwent navigated TKA averaged significantly lesser flexion contracture of 1 degree compared to 6 degrees in patients who underwent conventional TKA. There were a significantly larger proportion of outliers in the conventional group. Computer navigation results in less severe flexion contracture and less frequent flexion contracture of more than 5 degrees as compared to conventional techniques. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Free myocutaneous flap transfer to treat congenital Volkmann's contracture of the forearm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, G; Palti, R; Gurevitz, S; Yaffe, B

    2015-07-01

    The purpose of this study is to report our experience with free functional muscle transfer procedures for the late sequelae of the rare condition of congenital Volkmann's ischaemic contracture of the forearm. Four children, with an average age of 9.5 years (range 1.5-17), were treated and were followed for a mean of 6 years (range 1-14). Two patients had dorsal forearm contractures, and two had both flexor and extensor forearm contractures. We carried out free functional muscle transfers to replace the flexor or extensor muscles. The functional result was assessed according to the classification system of Hovius and Ultee. All patients had wrist contractures and skeletal involvement with limb length discrepancy that influenced the outcome. All five transferred muscles survived and improved the function of the hand in three of the four patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE 4. © The Author(s) 2014.

  20. Long-term follow-up of flaps for extensive Dupuytren's and Ledderhose disease in one family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kan, Hester J; Hovius, Steven E R

    2012-12-01

    Dupuytren's and Ledderhose disease can be a cumbersome condition in patients with a severe diathesis with a very early onset. Two brothers are described with a reversed radial forearm flap on both hands and two upper lateral arm flaps on both feet with a long-term follow-up ranging from 14 to 25 years. They had multiple procedures of both hands before the flaps were considered. No recurrence occurred under the flap. In very severe diathesis flaps should be considered in an earlier phase to prevent multiple procedures and early recurrence.

  1. Perforator-based flaps for the treatment of burn scar contractures: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stekelenburg, C M; Marck, R E; Verhaegen, P D H M; Marck, K W; van Zuijlen, P P M

    2017-01-01

    Patients with burn scars often experience functional problems because of scar contractures. Surgical treatment may be indicated for those burn scar contractures. If the contractures are small and linear, the contraction bands can be treated with local transposition flaps like the Z-plasty. Broader, diffuse contractures are more challenging and require a different surgical approach, such as the use of local tissue. The use of perforator-based flaps is promising; however, their true clinical significance for this type of burn reconstructions still needs to be determined. Therefore, we performed a review to evaluate the role of perforator-based flaps for burn scar contracture treatment. Electronic databases were searched using a predefined search strategy. Studies evaluating the long-term outcome of perforator-based flaps for the treatment of burn scar contractures were included. The methodological quality was tested and data was summarized. Five hundred and ten papers were identified of which eleven met the inclusion criteria. One study was a randomized controlled trial; ten were cohort studies of a pre-postoperative design. The papers described outcomes of free flaps and local flaps. Most studies had methodological shortcomings and used inappropriate statistical methods. Perforator-based interposition flaps appear to be highly relevant for burn scar contracture treatment. However, due to the paucity and low quality of the studies that were assessed, no definitive conclusions about the true clinical significance could be reached. And therefore, only recommendations could be given for improvement of the quality of further primary research on the effectiveness of perforator-based flaps for burn scar contracture release.

  2. Surgical management of burn flexion and extension contractures of the toes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Jessica B; Kung, Theodore A; Levi, Benjamin; Irwin, Todd; Kadakia, Anish; Cederna, Paul S

    2014-01-01

    Burn contracture of the toes is a devastating sequela of thermal injury to the foot. Without proper treatment of toe burn contractures, patients suffer from significant functional and social limitations, including difficulties with activities of daily living. The authors classify the severity of toe burn scar contractures (TBSCs) by considering important characteristics of the deformity and tailor definitive surgical treatment based on the individual needs of the patient's condition. A retrospective review was performed on 20 patients who underwent a total of 32 reconstructive operations involving 275 TBSC procedures from 2000 to 2010. Multiple clinical, functional, and anatomic criteria were used to describe each patient's contracture as mild, moderate, or severe. Mild TBSC involved scarring of the superficial tissues only with no functional impairment; these were treated with scar release or local tissue rearrangement. Moderate TBSC involved soft tissue shortages requiring skin grafts and occasional closed joint capsulotomy. Severe TBSC caused the greatest impairment in function and involved burn injury to deeper structures. For these difficult contractures, a patient-specific technique was paramount to optimal reconstruction. There were six, three, and 11 patients with mild, moderate, and severe TBSC, respectively. The mean number of primary procedures per toe increased with increasing burn complexity from 1.1 procedures for mild, 1.5 for moderate, and 1.8 for severe groups, with severe TBSC undergoing more primary procedures overall (13.7 in severe vs 2.8 in mild TBSC). Complication rates per toe were highest for severe TBSC (59.0%). Only severe TBSC received secondary operations, and overall contracture recurrence was 35%. An individualized surgical approach based on TBSC severity is recommended for addressing burn contracture of the toes. Careful analysis of the clinical, functional, and anatomic characteristics of the burned foot determines the severity of

  3. Noninflammatory Joint Contractures Arising from Immobility: Animal Models to Future Treatments

    OpenAIRE

    Kayleigh Wong; Guy Trudel; Odette Laneuville

    2015-01-01

    Joint contractures, defined as the limitation in the passive range of motion of a mobile joint, can be classified as noninflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The pathophysiology is not well understood; limited information is available on causal factors, progression, the pathophysiology involved, and prediction of response to treatment. The clinical heterogeneity of joint contractures combined with the heterogeneous contribution of joint connective tissues to joint mobility pres...

  4. Antifibrotic medication using a combination of N-acetyl-L-cystein (NAC) and ACE inhibitors can prevent the recurrence of Dupuytren's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knobloch, Karsten; Redeker, Joern; Vogt, Peter M

    2009-11-01

    Dupuytren's disease is a progress fibromatosis of unknown origin first described in 1831. Nonoperative treatment options have been suggested involving radiation therapy, vitamin E, local injection therapy suing calcium channel blockers, interferon, corticosteroids or collagenase. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and its downstream Smad signalling system is well established as a key player during fibrogenesis. A number of in vitro experiments have been assessed the blockade of TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta 2. Clinically, a number of antifibrotic agents are available such as N-acetyl-L-cysteins (NAC) as well as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or AT II antagonists. However, to date none of the well known substances has been tested clinically in fibromatosis such as Dupuytren's disease especially to prevent recurrences after surgical release. Antifibrotic medication using a combination of N-acetyl-L-cystein (NAC) and ACE inhibitor can prevent the recurrence of Dupyutren's disease. Given the fact that recurrence rate in Dupuytren's disease is high and unpredictable after surgical release, an antifibrotic intervention might be worthwhile to consider in the clinical setting. Antifibrotic agents inhibit TGF-beta1, which play a key role in fibromatosis. Thus, antifibrotic medication might reduce the recurrence rate in fibromatosis such as Dupuytren's disease in a clinical significant way.

  5. Sonographic analyses of pulley and flexor tendon in idiopathic trigger finger with interphalangeal joint contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Junko; Ishii, Yoshinori; Noguchi, Hideo; Takeda, Mitsuhiro

    2014-06-01

    This study investigated the sonographic appearance of the pulley and flexor tendon in idiopathic trigger finger in correlation with the contracture of the interphalangeal (IP) joint in the thumb or proximal IP (PIP) joint in the other digits. Sonographic measurements using axial images were performed in 177 affected digits including 17 thumbs and 34 other digits judged to have IP or PIP joint contracture and 77 contralateral control digits. The A1 pulley of the contracture group was significantly thicker than that of the non-contracture group in all digits, whereas the flexor tendon was thicker only in digits other than the thumb. In the analysis using calculated cut-off values, A1 pulley thickening in the thumb and A1 pulley and flexor tendon thickening in the other digits showed statistically significant correlations with IP or PIP joint contracture. This study sonographically confirmed previous reports showing that enlargement of the flexor tendons contribute to the pathogenesis of PIP joint contracture. Copyright © 2014 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Capsular contracture - What are the risk factors? A 14 year series of 1400 consecutive augmentations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dancey, Anne; Nassimizadeh, Abdul; Levick, Paul

    2012-02-01

    The modern era of breast augmentation and reconstruction began in 1963, with the introduction of silicone implants by Cronin and Gerow. To date, the demand for cosmetic augmentation continues to increase exponentially. However, whilst the surgical techniques and quality of mammary prosthesis have improved dramatically in recent years, patients are still confronted with significant potential complications. We performed a retrospective study of 1400 consecutive primary breast augmentations performed between March 1995 and March 2009 by a single surgeon. We specifically examined the incidence of capsular contracture and the possible causative factors. Follow up ranged from 1 to 16 years. The mean age at the time of surgery was 32.8 years and fill volume was between 195 ml and 800 ml. Our capsular contracture rate was in the order of 26.9%. BMI >30, fill volumes >350 ml, smoking and alcohol consumption did not significantly increase capsular contracture rate. Implant type, pregnancy, infection and delayed haematoma significantly increased the risk of capsular contracture. Our series has given us a unique insight into the frequency of capsular contracture and identified several risk factors. To our knowledge, this is the first report of pregnancy having a significant effect on capsular contracture. We now counsel patients thoroughly into the detrimental effects of pregnancy on the implant. Copyright © 2011 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Minimally invasive soft tissue release of foot and ankle contracture secondary to stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boffeli, Troy J; Collier, Rachel C

    2014-01-01

    Lower extremity contracture associated with stroke commonly results in a nonreducible, spastic equinovarus deformity of the foot and ankle. Rigid contracture deformity leads to gait instability, pain, bracing difficulties, and ulcerations. The classic surgical approach for stroke-related contracture of the foot and ankle has been combinations of tendon lengthening, tendon transfer, osteotomy, and joint fusion procedures. Recovery after traditional foot and ankle reconstructive surgery requires a period of non-weightbearing that is not typically practical for these patients. Little focus has been given in published studies on minimally invasive soft tissue release of contracture. We present the case of a 61-year-old female with an equinovarus foot contracture deformity secondary to stroke. The patient underwent Achilles tendon lengthening, posterior tibial tendon Z lengthening, and digital flexor tenotomy of each toe with immediate weightbearing in a walking boot, followed by transition to an ankle-foot orthosis. The surgical principles and technique tips are presented to demonstrate our minimally invasive approach to release of foot and ankle contracture secondary to stroke. The main goal of this approach is to improve foot and ankle alignment for ease of bracing, which, in turn, will improve gait, reduce the risk of falls, decrease pain, and avoid the development of pressure sores. Copyright © 2014 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Total knee arthroplasty treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with severe versus moderate flexion contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Denglu; Yang, Jing; Pei, Fuxing

    2013-11-15

    This study aims to explore the technique of soft tissue balance and joint tension maintenance in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with flexion contracture of the knee. This retrospective study reviewed flexion contracture deformity of RA patients who underwent primary TKA and ligament and soft tissue balancing. Based on the flexion contracture deformity, the remaining 76 patients available for analysis were divided into two groups, i.e., severe flexion group (SF) and moderate flexion group (MF). There were no intraoperative complications in this study. All patients had improved Knee Society Rating System scores and range of motion. The flexion contracture was completely corrected in MF and SF patients. There were no cases of patellar dislocation, but three cases had mild mediolateral instability in severe flexion group. Four knees (two knees in SF versus two knees in MF) had transient peroneal nerve palsy but recovered after conservative therapy. TKA can be performed successfully in the RA knees with severe flexion contracture. It is very important in TKA to maintain the joint stability in the condition of severe flexion contracture deformity of the RA knee.

  9. NEUROORTHOPEDICAL APPROACH TO THE CORRECTION OF EQUINES CONTRACTURE IN PATIENTS WITH SPASTIC PARALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Валерий Владимирович Умнов

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The frequency of recurrent contractures of the joints of the lower limb after their correction by means of tendon-muscle plasty remains significant. Therefore, the search for effective ways to correct contractures with the most resistant long-term result is relevant. The objective of the study is to improve treatment outcomes of equinus contracture in children with spastic paralysis. Materials and methods. We analyzed the results of correction of contractures in joints of lower limbs in 40 patients with cerebral palsy and the influence of spasticity of patognomonic muscles on them. The mean age was 6 years 7 months. In addition, for the correction of hypertonus of triceps muscle of tibia, the 330 lower limb segments were performed selective neurotomy of appropriate motor branches of the general tibial nerve. This operation in 304 cases was combined with achilloplastics or Strayer operation. Results. A mean degree of correlation between the degree of contracture in the ankle and increased tone of triceps tibia was determined (r value ranged from 0.451 to 0.487. Short-term results of the combined neuroorthopedic method for correction of contractures were good in estimating within 1 year post surgery, but a study of its short-run effect requires long-term follow-up.

  10. Prevalence of joint contractures and muscle weakness in people with multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoang, Phu Dinh; Gandevia, Simon C; Herbert, Robert D

    2014-01-01

    To investigate the prevalence of joint contracture (limited passive range of joint motion) and muscle weakness in a population with multiple sclerosis (MS). A secondary aim was to establish normative data of functional tests of mobility and balance of people with MS who are still ambulant. Cross-sectional study. People with MS living in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. 330 people with MS living in metropolitan Sydney, Australia were randomly sampled on 23 July 2009 from the MS Australia register and invited to participate. Passive range of motion of large joints of the limbs and muscle strength. Tests of walking and balance were also conducted. 156 people (109 females, 47 males; mean age 54.2 years; mean time since diagnosis 14.9 years) agreed to participate and were assessed. Fifty-six per cent (56%) of participants had contracture in at least one major joint of upper or lower limb. The most common site of contracture was the ankle (43.9%). Seventy per cent (70%) of participants had muscle weakness in one or more muscle groups. As muscle weakness, joint contractures were present at early stage of MS and the prevalence was associated with the progression of the disease. These data show that in addition to muscle weakness joint contractures are highly prevalent among people with MS, especially in the ankle joint. This implicates that prevention of contracture is crucial in providing rehabilitation to people with MS.

  11. Aberrant femoral torsion presenting with frog-leg squatting mimicking gluteal muscle contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Chia-Ling; Tsai, Meng-Yuan; Chang, Wei-Ning; Chen, Clement Kuen-Huang

    2012-04-01

    Patients with frog-leg squatting have restricted internal rotation and adduction of the affected hips during sitting or squatting. In the surgical literature, the cause generally has been presumed to arise from and be pathognomonic for gluteal muscle contracture. However, we have encountered patients with frog-leg squatting but without gluteal muscle contracture. We therefore raised the following questions: What are the imaging features of patients with frog-leg squatting? Do conditions other than gluteal muscle contracture manifest frog-leg squatting? We retrospectively reviewed the MR images of 67 patients presenting with frog-leg squatting from April 1998 to July 2010. There were four females and 63 males; their mean age was 22.2 years (range, 4-50 years). During MRI readout, we observed aberrant axes of some femoral necks and obtained additional CT to measure femoral torsion angles in 59 of the 67 patients. MR images of 27 (40%) patients had signs of gluteal muscle contracture. Twenty-two (33%) patients (40 femora) had aberrant femoral torsion, including diminished anteversion (range, 6°-0°; average, 3.9°) in 11 femora of eight patients and femoral retroversion (range, muscle contracture or aberrant femoral torsion. The observation of aberrant femoral torsion was not anticipated before imaging studies. In addition to gluteal muscle contracture, aberrant femoral torsion can be a cause of frog-leg squatting. Level II, diagnostic study. See the guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  12. New perspectives on the development of muscle contractures following central motor lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pingel, J; Bartels, E M; Nielsen, J B

    2017-02-15

    Muscle contractures are common in patients with central motor lesions, but the mechanisms responsible for the development of contractures are still unclear. Increased or decreased neural activation, protracted placement of a joint with the muscle in a short position and muscle atrophy have been suggested to be involved, but none of these mechanisms are sufficient to explain the development of muscle contractures alone. Here we propose that changes in tissue homeostasis in the neuromuscular-tendon-connective tissue complex is at the heart of the development of contractures, and that an integrated physiological understanding of the interaction between neural, mechanical and metabolic factors, as well as genetic and epigenetic factors, is necessary in order to unravel the mechanisms that result in muscle contractures. We hope thereby to contribute to a reconsideration of how and why muscle contractures develop in a way which will open a window towards new insight in this area in the future. © 2016 The Authors. The Journal of Physiology © 2016 The Physiological Society.

  13. SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PRONATION CONTRACTURE OF THE FOREARM IN PATIENTS WITH INFANTILE CEREBRAL PALSY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Владимир Александрович Новиков

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the work was to evaluate the efficiency of the existing methods of surgical treatment of pronation contracture of the forearm, the modification of the existing methods of treatment, the development of the indications for each specific method of treatment. Materials and methods. This study is based on a survey of children suffering from infantile cerebral palsy affecting the upper limbs. The main criterion for the patient selection was the presence of a fixed pronation contracture of the forearm, both isolated and combined with other contractures of the joints of the upper limb. Total 42 patients with spastic forms of cerebral palsy were examined. Results and conclusions. With age of the patient, the pronation contracture is usually increased, the contractures of the elbow and wrist joints may develop, which leads to the necessity for more and more radical operative techniques. Therefore, the early surgical treatment allows obtaining optimal results with its minimum scope. The investigation data gave an option to simplify, but to increase the efficiency of surgical treatment methods of pronation contractures in children with infantile cerebral palsy.

  14. Quantitative analysis of the reversibility of knee flexion contractures with time: an experimental study using the rat model

    OpenAIRE

    Trudel, Guy; Uhthoff, Hans K.; Goudreau, Louis; Laneuville, Odette

    2014-01-01

    Background Knee flexion contractures prevent the full extension of the knee joint and cause disability. The etiology is not well defined. Extended periods of immobilization of joints lead to contractures difficult to completely reverse by rehabilitation treatments. Recovery of the complete range of motion without intervention has not been studied but is of importance to optimize clinical management. This study was designed to quantify the spontaneous reversibility of knee flexion contractures...

  15. Inflammatory Gene Expression Upon TGF-β1-Induced p38 Activation in Primary Dupuytren's Disease Fibroblasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bujak, Maro; Ratkaj, Ivana; Markova-Car, Elitza; Jurišić, Davor; Horvatić, Anita; Vučinić, Srđan; Lerga, Jonatan; Baus-Lončar, Mirela; Pavelić, Krešimir; Kraljević Pavelić, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Inflammation is an underlying mechanism behind fibrotic processes and differentiation of cells into myofibroblasts. Presented study therefore provides new data on activation of autoimmune and inflammatory immune response genes that accompany activation of p38 and cell differentiation in primary cells derived from Dupuytren's disease (DD) patients. Methods: Primary non-Dupuytren's disease cells (ND) were isolated from macroscopically unaffected palmar fascia adjacent to diseased tissue obtained from patients diagnosed with the last stage of DD and cultured in vitro. Gene expression, collagen gel contraction assay and analysis of secreted proteins were performed in ND cells treated with TGF-β1 and/or inhibitor of p38 phosphorylation. Results: During differentiation of ND fibroblasts, increased expression of immune response genes PAI-1, TIMP-1, CCL11, and IL-6 was found. These changes were accompanied by increased cell contractility and activation of p38 and its target kinase MK2. Inhibition of p38 phosphorylation reversed these processes in vitro. Conclusions: TGF-β1 induced p38 phosphorylation in ND cells grown from macroscopically unaffected palmar fascia adjacent to diseased tissue from DD patients. This was accompanied by activation of the cytokine genes CCL-11 and IL-6 and secretion of extracellular matrix regulatory proteins PAI-1 and TIMP-1. A combined approach directed toward inflammation and p38 MAPK-mediated processes in DD might be considered for improving management of DD patients and prevention of recurrence. PMID:26697433

  16. Contracture Coupling of Slow Striated Muscle in Non-Ionic Solutions and Replacement of Calcium, Sodium, and Potassium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irwin, Richard L.; Hein, Manfred M.

    1964-01-01

    The development of contracture related to changes of ionic environment (ionic contracture coupling) has been studied in the slowly responding fibers of frog skeletal muscle. When deprived of external ions for 30 minutes by use of solutions of sucrose, mannitol, or glucose, the slow skeletal muscle fibers, but not the fast, develop pronounced and easily reversible contractures. Partial replacement of the non-ionic substance with calcium or sodium reduces the development of the contractures but replacement by potassium does not. The concentration of calcium necessary to prevent contracture induced by a non-ionic solution is greater than that needed to maintain relaxation in ionic solutions. To suppress the non-ionic-induced contractures to the same extent as does calcium requires several fold higher concentrations of sodium. Two types of ionic contracture coupling occur in slow type striated muscle fibers: (a) a calcium deprivation type which develops maximally at full physiological concentration of external sodium, shows a flow rate dependency for the calcium-depriving fluid, and is lessened when the sodium concentration is decreased by replacement with sucrose; (b) a sodium deprivation type which occurs maximally without external sodium, is lessened by increasing the sodium concentration, and has no flow rate dependency for ion deprivation. Both types of contracture are largely prevented by the presence of sufficient calcium. There thus seem to be calcium- and sodium-linked processes at work in the ionic contracture coupling of slow striated muscle. PMID:14127603

  17. Construct validity of the canadian occupational performance measure in participants with tendon injury and Dupuytren disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van de Ven-Stevens, Lucelle A W; Graff, Maud J L; Peters, Marlijn A M; van der Linde, Harmen; Geurts, Alexander C H

    2015-05-01

    In patient-centered practice, instruments need to assess outcomes that are meaningful to patients with hand conditions. It is unclear which assessment tools address these subjective perspectives best. The aim of this study was to establish the construct validity of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) in relation to the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire and the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) in people with hand conditions. It was hypothesized that COPM scores would correlate with DASH and MHQ total scores only to a moderate degree and that the COPM, DASH questionnaire, and MHQ would all correlate weakly with measures of hand impairments. This was a validation study. The COPM, DASH questionnaire, and MHQ were scored, and then hand impairments were measured (pain [numerical rating scale], active range of motion [goniometer], grip strength [dynamometer], and pinch grip strength [pinch meter]). People who had received postsurgery rehabilitation for flexor tendon injuries, extensor tendon injuries, or Dupuytren disease were eligible. Seventy-two participants were included. For all diagnosis groups, the Pearson coefficient of correlation between the DASH questionnaire and the MHQ was higher than .60, whereas the correlation between the performance scale of the COPM and either the DASH questionnaire or the MHQ was lower than .51. Correlations of these assessment tools with measures of hand impairments were lower than .46. The small sample sizes may limit the generalization of the results. The results supported the hypotheses and, thus, the construct validity of the COPM after surgery in people with hand conditions. © 2015 American Physical Therapy Association.

  18. The Modification of Five-Flap Z-Plasty for Web Contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Baoguo; Song, Huifeng

    2015-12-01

    Web contractures are fairly commonly encountered in those who have suffered from burn injury or other trauma. Numerous local flaps have been adopted previously. The five-flap Z-plasty is one that has been used frequently. To release the scar as much as possible, based on the traditional design, we developed a modified technique of the five-flap Z-plasty to reconstruct the axillary and elbow web contractures. Hence, the length of the axis of the cicatrix could be much lengthened. Twenty patients (12 females and 8 males, 7 to 48 years-old) with 27 web contractures were arranged for the operation using the new flap. The contractures were formed on by burn injury in 17 patients, surgery in 2 patients, and traumatic cicatrix in 1 case. All patients were operated on using a modified five-flap Z-plasty to reach the aim of maximum contracture relaxation. All flaps survived well. No flap tip necrosis occurred. Good function was gained in all patients postoperatively by the one year average follow-up. There was no recurrence. The contracture band was freed satisfactorily. The technique is very easy to execute and can be used both in web and linear contractures. With the virtue of extending the length of the scar axis to a higher degree compared to the traditional method, we suggest this modified five-flap Z-plasty application. This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

  19. Resection of the flexor digitorum superficialis for trigger finger with proximal interphalangeal joint positional contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favre, Yann; Kinnen, Louis

    2012-11-01

    Open release of the A1 pulley is a widely known procedure for the treatment of trigger finger. A subset of patients presents with both trigger finger and a positional contracture of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint. These patients usually have a long history of trigger finger or have already undergone a surgical release of the annular pulley. This study is a retrospective review of the outcomes of resection of the flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) for patients whose trigger finger was associated with a positional contracture of the PIP joint. Thirty-six patients (39 fingers) were treated by resection of the FDS after section of the A1 pulley. The mean age of the patients was 63 years (range, 45-90 y). Seven patients (19 %) had previously undergone an open release of the A1 pulley and had developed a positional contracture of the PIP joint 2 to 5 months afterward. We performed a retrospective review with a mean follow-up of 30 months (range, 12-60 mo). No patient was lost to follow-up. The active range of motion was recorded at the PIP joint before and after surgery. The mean preoperative positional contracture of the PIP joint was 24° (range, 15°-30°). The mean postoperative positional contracture of the PIP joint was 4° (range, 0°-10°). The most commonly affected digit was the middle finger (26 fingers, 67%). In 28 fingers (72%), full extension was achieved following only the surgical procedure. The remaining 11 fingers (28%) had a postoperative residual positional contracture (range, 5°-10°). However, all fingers achieved a full range of motion after physical therapy and an injection of betamethasone. All of the resected tendons had histological damage. This technique is a useful treatment for selected patients whose trigger finger is associated with a positional contracture. Copyright © 2012 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Treating burn-associated joint contracture: results of an inpatient rehabilitation stretching protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godleski, Matthew; Oeffling, Amy; Bruflat, Angela K; Craig, Emily; Weitzenkamp, David; Lindberg, Gordon

    2013-01-01

    The prevention and treatment of scar contracture is critical after significant burn injuries to avoid functional impairment. However, descriptions of specific contracture treatment interventions and outcomes are limited. Our objective is to provide detailed information and range of motion outcomes regarding the use of an intensive stretching protocol for burn-associated contracture. As part of a quality improvement measure, all patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation with burn injury were treated with at least 1 hour of daily stretching by experienced therapists and were tracked with standardized range of motion measurements. Eighty-eight joint contractures were treated across nine patients for up to 4 weeks. The average weekly improvement in range of motion was 8.2 degrees (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.5-9.9). The largest gains were seen in the first week of treatment with an average improvement of 11.2 degrees (95% CI, 8.7-13.6). Eighteen digit contractures were treated across four patients. The average weekly improvement in flexion was 7.2 mm (95% CI, 5.2-9.1) again with larger gains in the first week of treatment-12.8 mm (95% CI, 10.3-15.4). Thumb opposition improved across five patients in the first week with an average improvement of 1.4 on the opposition scale (95% CI, 0.4-2.5). Intensive stretching by experienced therapists yielded significant improvements in joint range of motion for patients with burn-associated joint contracture. Defining specific burn contracture interventions remains a key goal in advancing burn rehabilitation in the future.

  1. Development of arthrogenic joint contracture as a result of pathological changes in remobilized rat knees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneguchi, Akinori; Ozawa, Junya; Kawamata, Seiichi; Yamaoka, Kaoru

    2017-07-01

    This study aimed to elucidate how rats recover from immobilization-induced knee joint contracture. Rats' right knees were immobilized by an external fixator at a flexion of 140° for 3 weeks. After removal of the fixator, the joints were allowed to move freely (remobilization) for 0, 1, 3, 7, or 14 days (n = 5 each). To distinguish myogenic and arthrogenic contractures, the passive extension range of motion was measured before and after myotomy of the knee flexors. Knee joints were histologically analyzed and the expression of genes encoding inflammatory or fibrosis-related mediators, interleukin-1β (1L-1β), fibrosis-related transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and collagen type I (COL1A1) and III (COL3A1), were examined in the knee joint posterior capsules using real-time PCR. Both myogenic and arthrogenic contractures were established within 3 weeks of immobilization. During remobilization, the myogenic contracture decreased over time. In contrast, the arthrogenic contracture developed further during the remobilization period. On day 1 of remobilization, inflammatory changes characterized by edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, and upregulation of IL-1β gene started in the knee joint posterior capsule. In addition, collagen deposition accompanied by fibroblast proliferation, with upregulation of TGF-β1, COL1A1, and COL3A1 genes, appeared in the joint capsule between days 7 and 14. These results suggest the progression of arthrogenic contracture following remobilization, which is characterized by fibrosis development, is possibly triggered by inflammation in the joint capsule. It is therefore necessary to focus on developing new treatment strategies for immobilization-induced joint contracture. © 2017 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 35:1414-1423, 2017. © 2017 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Prevalence of functioning and disability in older patients with joint contractures: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, U; Müller, M; Strobl, R; Bartoszek, G; Meyer, G; Grill, E

    2015-06-01

    Joint contractures are a common problem for older, frail people, particularly in rehabilitation, nursing home and homecare settings. Joint contractures are underreported and sparsely empirically investigated despite their high prevalence. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of functional impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions of patients with joint contractures using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a framework. We also examined contextual factors as potential mediators for functioning and disability. Cross-sectional study- Three acute-geriatric hospitals in and around Munich (Germany). Patients aged 65 and over with confirmed joint contractures requiring rehabilitation care. The patients were asked to answer a questionnaire that comprised 124 categories of the ICF. Patients' problems in functioning were registered separately for each category. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews with patients and health professionals and from patients' medical records. One hundred and fifty patients were eligible and agreed to participate. Mean age was 82.5 years (SD: 7.4), 64.8% of the patients were female. Problems in "muscle power functions" (95.9%) and "driving human-powered transportation" (89,6%) were those most frequently identified. 'Health services, systems and policies' (98,6%) was the most frequent environmental facilitator. Aged persons with joint contractures experience high levels of disability. Specifically, mobility, participation restrictions and interactions with the environment emerged as important issues of our study. Mobility and support by others were frequently mentioned as aspects relevant for persons with joint contractures. These aspects have to be considered when assessing the impact of joint contractures.

  3. Flexor origin slide for contracture of spastic finger flexor muscles: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thevenin-Lemoine, Camille; Denormandie, Philippe; Schnitzler, Alexis; Lautridou, Christine; Allieu, Yves; Genêt, François

    2013-03-06

    Contracture of the wrist and extrinsic finger flexor and pronator muscles is a common consequence of central nervous system disorders. The proximal release of the extrinsic flexor and pronator muscles was first described by Page and Scaglietti for a Volkmann contracture. The aim of the present study was to assess the amount of increase in extension and the improvements in global hand function that can be expected following this lengthening procedure in patients with central nervous system disorders. A single-center retrospective review of patients with central nervous system lesions and contractures of the wrist and extrinsic finger flexor and forearm pronator muscles, causing aesthetic, hygienic, or functional impairment, was carried out. The Page-Scaglietti technique was used for all interventions. Before the operation, motor nerve blocks were used to distinguish between spasticity and contractures with surgical intervention only for contractures. The Zancolli and House classifications were used to evaluate improvements. Data from fifty-four hands and fifty patients (thirty-five men and fifteen women) were evaluated. The mean duration of follow-up (and standard deviation) was 26 ± 21 months (range, three to 124 months). The mean gain (and standard deviation) in wrist extension with fingers extended was 67° ± 25° (range, -10° to 110°). Preoperatively, no hands were classified as Zancolli Group 1, whereas twenty-five hands were classified as Zancolli Group 1 at the latest follow-up review. Ten nonfunctional hands (rated as House Group 0 or Group 1) became functional as a supporting hand postoperatively. Zancolli and House classifications increased significantly (p contracture of the intrinsic muscles, which required further intervention. The Page-Scaglietti technique appears to improve range of motion and function in people with wrist and finger contractures due to central nervous system disorders.

  4. Airway management in patients with burn contractures of the neck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Smita; Mullick, Parul

    2015-12-01

    Airway management of patients with burn contracture of the neck (PBC neck) is a challenge to the anesthesiologist. Patient evaluation includes history, physical and airway examination. A safe approach in the airway management of a patient with moderate to severe PBC neck is to secure the airway with the patient awake. The anesthesiologist should have a pre-planned strategy for intubation of the difficult airway. The choices advocated for airway management of such patients include awake fiberoptic-guided intubation, use of intubating laryngeal mask airway, intubation without neuromuscular blocking agents, intubation with neuromuscular blocking agents after testing the ability to ventilate by mask, pre-induction neck scar release under local anesthesia and ketamine or sedation followed by direct laryngoscopy and intubation and video-laryngoscope guided intubation, amongst others. Preparation of the patient includes an explanation of the proposed procedure, sedation, administration of antisialogogues and regional anesthesia of the airway. The various options for intubation of patients with PBC neck, intraoperative concerns and safe extubation are described. Back-up plans, airway rescue strategies and a review of literature on this subject are presented.

  5. Update on the management of Dupuytren’s contracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Vi

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Linda Vi1, David B O’Gorman2, Bing Siang Gan31Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, 2Hand and Upper Limb Centre, Lawson Health Research Institute, Departments of Surgery and Biochemistry, 3Hand and Upper Limb Centre, Lawson Health Research Institute, Departments of Surgery and Medical Biophysics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, CanadaAbstract: Dupuytren’s disease (DD is a pathological condition of the palmar fascia that is characterized by the formation of tight collagenous disease cords leading to permanent finger contractures. The disease is most prevalent in Caucasian men, and its incidence increases with age advancement. The most common complaint from patients having DD is the impairment of normal hand function. At present, the disease is incurable and the pathophysiology of DD is unknown. The most common treatment for DD is surgery; however, this treatment is associated with a high rate of recurrence. More recently, researchers have begun to explore the molecular basis of DD in the hopes of developing new, more effective treatment for DD. This review will summarize the history and clinical presentation of the disease, highlight current and emerging molecular treatments, and explore the implications of these advancements for future work.Keywords: Dupuytren’s disease, etiology, clinical presentation, treatment

  6. "Popeye muscle" morphology in OBPI elbow flexion contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coroneos, Christopher J; Maizlin, Zeev V; DeMatteo, Carol; Gjertsen, Deborah; Bain, James R

    2015-01-01

    The pathophysiology of elbow flexion contracture (EFC) in obstetrical brachial plexus injury (OBPI) is not established. In basic science models, neonatal denervation leads to impaired muscle growth. In clinical studies, diminished growth is correlated with extent of denervation, and improved with surgical repair. In EFC, the biceps are clinically short and round vs the contralateral size, termed the "Popeye muscle". The objective of this study was to determine if the biceps morphology (muscle belly and tendon length) in arms with EFC secondary to OBPI is different vs the contralateral. This is a retrospective matched-cohort study. Patients with unilateral EFC (>20°) secondary to OBPI were identified (median = 6.6 years, range = 4.7-16.8). A blinded radiologist used computed tomography to measure length of the biceps short head muscle belly, and tendon bilaterally using standardised anatomical landmarks. Twelve patients were analyzed. The biceps muscle belly in the injured arm was shorter in all patients vs contralateral, mean difference = 3.6 cm (80%), p muscle belly and overall length, but longer tendon vs normal. This is termed the "Popeye muscle" for its irregular morphology. Findings are consistent with impaired limb growth in denervation.

  7. Stretching After Heat But Not After Cold Decreases Contractures After Spinal Cord Injury in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwasawa, Hiroyuki; Nomura, Masato; Sakitani, Naoyoshi; Watanabe, Kosuke; Watanabe, Daichi; Moriyama, Hideki

    2016-12-01

    Contractures are a prevalent and potentially severe complication in patients with neurologic disorders. Although heat, cold, and stretching are commonly used for treatment of contractures and/or spasticity (the cause of many contractures), the sequential effects of these modalities remain unclear. Using an established rat model with spinal cord injury with knee flexion contracture, we sought to determine what combination of heat or cold before stretching is the most effective for treatment of contractures derived from spastic paralyses and investigated which treatment leads to the best (1) improvement in the loss of ROM; (2) restoration of deterioration in the muscular and articular factors responsible for contractures; and (3) amelioration of histopathologic features such as muscular fibrosis in biceps femoris and shortening of the joint capsule. Forty-two adolescent male Wistar rats were used. After spasticity developed at 2 weeks postinjury, each animal with spinal cord injury underwent the treatment protocol daily for 1 week. Knee extension ROM was measured with a goniometer by two examiners blinded to each other's scores. The muscular and articular factors contributing to contractures were calculated by measuring ROM before and after the myotomies. We quantitatively measured the muscular fibrosis and the synovial intima length, and observed the distribution of collagen of skeletal muscle. The results were confirmed by a blinded observer. The ROM of heat alone (34° ± 1°) and cold alone (34° ± 2°) rats were not different with the numbers available from that of rats with spinal cord injury (35° ± 2°) (p = 0.92 and 0.89, respectively). Stretching after heat (24° ± 1°) was more effective than stretching alone (27° ± 3°) at increasing ROM (p contractures. Although quantification of muscular fibrosis in the rats with spinal cord injury (11% ± 1%) was higher than that of controls (9% ± 0.4%) (p = 0.01), no difference was found between spinal cord

  8. Comprehensive clinical and molecular assessment of 32 probands with congenital contractural arachnodactyly: report of 14 novel mutations and review of the literature.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Callewaert, B.L.; Loeys, B.L.; Ficcadenti, A.; Vermeer, S.; Landgren, M.; Kroes, H.Y.; Yaron, Y.; Pope, M.; Foulds, N.; Boute, O.; Galan, F.; Kingston, H.; Aa, N. van der; Salcedo, I.; Swinkels, M.E.; Wallgren-Pettersson, C.; Gabrielli, O.; Backer, J. de; Coucke, P.J.; Paepe, A.M. De

    2009-01-01

    Beals-Hecht syndrome or congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is a rare, autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder characterized by crumpled ears, arachnodactyly, contractures, and scoliosis. Recent reports also mention aortic root dilatation, a finding previously thought to differentiate

  9. Comprehensive Clinical and Molecular Assessment of 32 Probands With Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly : Report of 14 Novel Mutations and Review of the Literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Callewaert, Bert L.; Loeys, Bart L.; Ficcadenti, Anna; Vermeer, Sascha; Landgren, Magnus; Kroes, Hester Y.; Yaron, Yuval; Pope, Michael; Foulds, Nicola; Boute, Odile; Galan, Francisco; Kingston, Helen; Van der Aa, Nathalie; Salcedo, Iratxe; Swinkels, Marielle E.; Wallgren-Pettersson, Carina; Gabrielli, Orazio; De Backer, Julie; Coucke, Paul J.; De Paepe, Anne M.

    Beals-Hecht syndrome or congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is a rare, autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder characterized by crumpled ears, arachnodactyly, contractures, and scoliosis. Recent reports also mention aortic root dilatation, a finding previously thought to differentiate

  10. Comprehensive clinical and molecular assessment of 32 probands with congenital contractural arachnodactyly: report of 14 novel mutations and review of the literature.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Callewaert, B.L.; Loeys, B.L.; Ficcadenti, A.; Vermeer, S.; Landgren, M.; Kroes, H.Y.; Yaron, Y.; Pope, M.; Foulds, N.; Boute, O.; Galan, F.; Kingston, H.; Aa, N. van der; Salcedo, I.; Swinkels, M.E.; Wallgren-Pettersson, C.; Gabrielli, O.; Backer, J. de; Coucke, P.J.; Paepe, A.M. De

    2009-01-01

    Beals-Hecht syndrome or congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is a rare, autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder characterized by crumpled ears, arachnodactyly, contractures, and scoliosis. Recent reports also mention aortic root dilatation, a finding previously thought to differentiate

  11. Comprehensive Clinical and Molecular Assessment of 32 Probands With Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly : Report of 14 Novel Mutations and Review of the Literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Callewaert, Bert L.; Loeys, Bart L.; Ficcadenti, Anna; Vermeer, Sascha; Landgren, Magnus; Kroes, Hester Y.; Yaron, Yuval; Pope, Michael; Foulds, Nicola; Boute, Odile; Galan, Francisco; Kingston, Helen; Van der Aa, Nathalie; Salcedo, Iratxe; Swinkels, Marielle E.; Wallgren-Pettersson, Carina; Gabrielli, Orazio; De Backer, Julie; Coucke, Paul J.; De Paepe, Anne M.

    2009-01-01

    Beals-Hecht syndrome or congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is a rare, autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder characterized by crumpled ears, arachnodactyly, contractures, and scoliosis. Recent reports also mention aortic root dilatation, a finding previously thought to differentiate

  12. Muscle stretching for treatment and prevention of contracture in people with spinal cord injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, L A; Herbert, R D

    2002-01-01

    Contracture, or reduced joint mobility, is a common and disabling sequel of spinal cord injury. The primary intervention for the treatment and prevention of contracture is regular stretch to soft tissues. While the rationale for this intervention appears sound, the effectiveness of stretching has not been verified with well designed clinical trials. One recent randomised trial suggests there is no clinically worthwhile effect from a typical stretch protocol applied to spinal cord injured patients. Despite the negative results of this first trial, we argue that therapists should continue administering stretch for the treatment and prevention of contracture until the results of further studies emerge. To maximise the probability of attaining a clinically worthwhile effect, we suggest that therapists stretch soft tissues for long periods (at least 20 min, and perhaps for as long as 12 h a day). Practical suggestions are given on how to readily provide spinal cord injured patients with sustained stretch to key joints and muscle groups. Stretch is most likely to be effective if started before the onset of contracture. Soft tissues most at risk should be targeted, particularly if contracture is likely to impose functionally important limitations.

  13. Localized type Volkmann's contracture treated with tendon transfer and tension-reduced early mobilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaji, Yoshio; Nakamura, Osamu; Yamaguchi, Konosuke; Tobiume, Sachiko; Yamamoto, Tetsuji

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Rationale: For localized type Volkmann's contracture, in which degeneration of the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) muscle to one or two fingers and restriction of finger extension occur, dissection or excision of the affected muscle is usually recommended. However, these surgical procedures need relatively wide exposure of the muscle, because the FDP muscle is in the deep portion of the forearm. Patient concerns: In this report, the case of a 35-year-old woman with localized type Volkmann's contracture is presented. Her left forearm had been compressed with an industrial roller 4 months earlier, and severe flexion contracture of the long finger and mild flexion contracture of the ring finger developed gradually. Diagnoses: localized type Volkmann's contracture. Intervention: Five months after the injury, transection of the FDP tendon to the long finger and transfer of the transected tendon to the FDP tendon to the index finger was performed after adjusting the tonus of these two tendons using a small skin incision. This procedure was followed by a tension-reduced early mobilization technique in which a tension-reduced position of the tendon suture site was maintained by taping the long finger to the volar side of the index finger, and then immediate active range of motion (ROM) exercise was started. Outcomes: Within 9 weeks after surgery, full ROM had been regained. Lessons: Using the treatment procedure presented in this case report, a good clinical result was obtained in a minimally invasive manner. PMID:28072735

  14. A systematic review on burn scar contracture treatment: searching for evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stekelenburg, Carlijn M; Marck, Roos E; Tuinebreijer, Wim E; de Vet, Henrica C W; Ogawa, Rei; van Zuijlen, Paul P M

    2015-01-01

    Treating burn scar contracture remains a challenging problem for reconstructive surgeons. At present, no consensus exists on when to use what kind of technique. Therefore, a systematic review was performed on the effectiveness of the different surgical techniques after burn scar contracture release. Electronic databases were searched using a predefined search strategy. Studies evaluating the outcome of surgical techniques for the treatment of burn scar contractures were included. The methodological quality was tested and the data were summarized. One thousand six hundred fourty-nine papers were identified of which 17 met the inclusion criteria. Three papers reported on a controlled trial, 14 were cohort studies, including 10 of a pre-post operative design and 4 of a comparative design. The papers described outcomes of grafts, flaps with random or defined vascularization, and dermal substitutes. All studies had methodological shortcomings and most used inappropriate statistical methods. The current evidence on the effectiveness of reconstruction techniques for burn scar contractures was summarized. Due to the scarcity and low quality of the included studies, no definitive conclusions could be reached about the effectiveness of different techniques. Therefore, no direct implications for daily practice could be made. However, recommendations could be given for improvement of the quality of further primary research on the effectiveness of surgical treatment strategies for burn scar contracture release.

  15. Double combined Z-plasty for wide-scar contracture release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yotsuyanagi, Takatoshi; Yamashita, Ken; Gonda, Ayako; Kato, Shinji; Sugai, Asuka; Yamada, Tetsuo; Kayama, Musashi; Ikeda, Kanae; Yamauchi, Makoto; Saito, Tamotsu

    2013-05-01

    Z-plasty is one of the most widely employed techniques in plastic surgery and mainly serves the following purposes: elongation along the axis of the scar, dispersal of the scar followed by breaking up the straight-line scar and realigning the scar within the lines of minimal tension. It is useful especially to release linear-scar contracture, yet difficult for wide scars. This report describes a novel technique to release contracture effectively for any wide scars using a new design called double combined Z-plasty. The design is simple. The main limb is set to incise the wide scar, and this main limb is shared as a peripheral limb by two other Z-plasty designs. From the main limb, each central limb is designed along the margin of the scar in the opposite direction. The main and central limbs have 90° between them. Other peripheral limbs are then designed facing laterally to the intact skin to make 60° for the central limb. After skin incision, two triangular intact skin flaps could be inserted into the wide scar from both sides, making it possible to release contracture. We performed this technique on eight patients. All wounds healed well and scar contracture was satisfactorily released. This procedure is very useful for wide-scar contracture, compared to conventional Z-plasty. Copyright © 2013 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Predictors of Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Flexion Contracture After Homodigital Island Flap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakanishi, Akito; Omokawa, Shohei; Iida, Akio; Kaji, Daisuke; Tanaka, Yasuhito

    2015-11-01

    To identify independent predictors of postoperative proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint contracture after direct-flow homodigital island flap transfer. Forty-four fingertip amputations in 39 patients treated with oblique triangular flaps were evaluated at a minimum of 1 year after surgery. Five variables were examined: patient age, injured finger, mechanism of injury, flap advancement distance, and time required for wound healing. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to identify the extent to which these variables affected the flexion contracture of the PIP joint. The average reduction in the passive extension angle of the PIP joint was 16° at final follow-up. Univariate analysis indicated significant correlations of PIP joint flexion contracture with age, injured finger, and time for wound healing, but no significant correlation with the distance the flap was advanced. Multivariate analysis indicated that the age and duration of wound healing were independent predictors of the flexion contracture of the PIP joint. Elderly people and cases with delayed wound healing are at risk for postoperative PIP joint contracture after homodigital flap transfer. Intervention with early hand therapy and orthotics may be useful in elderly patients with delayed wound healing. Prognostic II. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Is ankle contracture after stroke due to abnormal intermuscular force transmission?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diong, Joanna; Herbert, Robert D

    2015-02-01

    Contracture after stroke could be due to abnormal mechanical interactions between muscles. This study examined if ankle plantarflexor muscle contracture after stroke is due to abnormal force transmission between the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Muscle fascicle lengths were measured from ultrasound images of soleus muscles in five subjects with stroke and ankle contracture and six able-bodied subjects. Changes in soleus fascicle length or pennation during passive knee extension at fixed ankle angle were assumed to indicate intermuscular force transmission. Changes in soleus fascicle length or pennation were adjusted for changes in ankle motion. Subjects with stroke had significant ankle contracture. After adjustment for ankle motion, 9 of 11 subjects demonstrated small changes in soleus fascicle length with knee extension, suggestive of intermuscular force transmission. However, the small changes in fascicle length may have been artifacts caused by movement of the ultrasound transducers. There were no systematic differences in change in fascicle length (median between-group difference adjusting for ankle motion = -0.01, 95% CI -0.26-0.08 mm/degree of knee extension) or pennation (-0.05, 95% CI -0.15-0.07 degree/ degree of knee extension). This suggests ankle contractures after stroke were not due to abnormal (systematically increased or decreased) intermuscular force transmission between the gastrocnemius and soleus.

  18. [Etiological analysis and significance of anterior knee pain induced by gluteal muscles contracture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Gang; Liu, Yu-jie; Wang, Jun-liang; Qi, Wei; Qu, Feng; Yuan, Bang-tuo; Wang, Jiang-tao; Shen, Xue-zhen; Liu, Yang; Zhu, Juan-li

    2014-12-01

    To explore causes of gluteal muscle contracture induced anterior knee pain and curative effect of arthroscopic release. From March 2002 to August 2013,36 patients with gluteal muscle contracture induced anterior knee pain were treated, including 15 males, 21 females, aged from 9 to 40 years old with an average (18.7±7.2) years old; the courses of diseases ranged from 4 to 30 years. The clinical manifestations involved limited to symmelia, positive Ober sign, buttocks touch contracture belts, knee and patella slide to lateral when doing squat activities. All patients were performed gluteal muscle contracture release under arthroscopic. Postoperative complications were observed, Kujala scoring before and after operation was used for compare curative effect. All patients were followed up with an average of 29 months. The incision were healed well, and no complications were occurred. Postoperative Kujala score were improved more than preoperative. Gluteal muscle contracture release could alleviate hypertension of lateral patella, and palys an important role in preventing patellofemoral arthritis.

  19. Frequency of the superior rectus muscle overaction/contracture syndrome in unilateral fourth nerve palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molinari, Andrea; Ugrin, Maria Cristina

    2009-12-01

    Superior oblique palsy is accompanied in most cases by overaction of the muscle's ipsilateral antagonist, the inferior oblique muscle. Overaction and contracture of the ipsilateral superior rectus muscle in patients with unilateral fourth (trochlear) nerve palsy is seldom discussed in the literature. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the frequency of superior rectus muscle overaction/contracture syndrome in patients with unilateral trochlear nerve palsy. The records of 198 patients with unilateral trochlear nerve palsy examined by the authors between July 1987 and July 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients underwent complete eye examination with measurement of the deviation in the 9 positions of gaze and with the head tilted to both sides in all cooperative patients. Selection criteria for superior rectus muscle overaction/contracture syndrome in these patients were as follows: vertical deviation of 15(Delta) or larger in primary position, equal or larger hypertropia with the ipsilateral forced tilt test than with the eyes looking straight ahead, more than 5(Delta) hypertropia of the affected eye in horizontal gaze to the same side, hypertropia in all upgazes, and overaction of the contralateral superior oblique muscle. Of 198 patients, 33 (16.6%) met the selection criteria for superior rectus muscle overaction/contracture syndrome. Superior rectus muscle overaction/contracture syndrome frequently occurs in unilateral superior oblique palsy.

  20. [Advances in the research of prevention and treatment of postburn contractures of hand].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, K A; Wu, G S; Sun, Y; Xia, Z F

    2017-01-20

    Scar contracture deformity, which can lead to dysfunction of hand and low quality of life, is one of the common complication after hand burns. The prevention measures of scar contracture after hand burns include large skin grafting, prevention of infection, insistence on wearing pressure gloves, use of silicone sheets, wearing orthosis, accepting proper physical therapy, and early functional exercise. The primary treatments of postburn contractures of the hand are surgery, drugs, laser treatment, and rehabilitation therapy. Excision of scars, release of muscle, joints or bones, and soft tissue transplantation are the core of surgery. Laser treatment has a bright future but still needs to be further studied. Additionally, some novel treatments such as molecular targeted therapy, cell therapy, fat injection, and botulinum toxin injection will play important roles in prevention and treatment of postburn contractures in the future. The purpose of this article is to review the literature concerning postburn contractures of the hand, and summarize the present situation of prevention and treatment of such disease comprehensively.

  1. Posttraumatic elbow joint contractures: defining pathologic capsular mechanisms and potential future treatment paradigms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrand, Kevin A

    2013-11-01

    The Andrew J. Weiland Medal is presented by the American Society for Surgery of the Hand to a midcareer researcher who is dedicated to advancing patient care in the field of hand surgery. This essay, awarded the Weiland Medal in 2012, focuses on posttraumatic elbow joint contractures. Joint contractures are well known to hand surgeons because they limit function of our patients. There is a thorough understanding of the pathoanatomy underlying joint contractures. However, the mechanisms leading to the pathoanatomy are either unknown or partially understood, depending on the etiology of the particular clinical condition. This review describes our research over the past 14 years on posttraumatic elbow joint contractures. It defines pathologic cellular, matrix, and growth factor changes in the joint capsule, elaborates on the development of an animal model of posttraumatic joint contractures, presents an evaluation of a potential prevention strategy based on our research, and outlines future plans to bring this work to the clinical realm for the benefit of patients.

  2. Free groin flap for recurrent severe contractures of the neck in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghosh Abhishek

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Context: Severe post burns contracture in children not only leads to functional impairment but also has profound psychological impact on the child. Untreated neck contractures have been shown to inhibit mandibular growth. Skin grafting in children has a higher rate of recurrence and in these cases a thin pliable flap seems to provide a durable solution. Aim : To study the feasibility of using primarily thinned free groin flap in the treatment of recurrent neck contractures in children. Materials and Methods: Five patients, in the age group of 5-10 years, with recurrent neck contractures and operated between 2005 and 2008 were included in this study. The sternomental distance, lateral flexion angle and cervicomental angle were measured preoperatively, postoperatively and during the subsequent follow-up visits. The patients were followed up for a period between 1 and 3 years with a mean of 29 months. Results: All the flaps survived. The cervicomental angle improved significantly to 90-105°, the lateral flexion angle improved to 35-45° and the sternomental distance increased considerably. Conclusions: Recurrent post burns contracture of the neck in children causes not only functional and aesthetic impairment but also psychological problems. A free micro-thinned groin flap provides a very attractive solution for this problem and should be seen as an effective alternative in recurrent cases.

  3. Effect of pERK2 on extracellular matrix turnover of the fibrotic joint capsule in a post-traumatic joint contracture model

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Yangbai; Li, Fengfeng; Fan, Cunyi

    2015-01-01

    Lentivirus (LV)-mediated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) has previously been demonstrated to reduce post-traumatic joint contractures: In the present study, the effect of ERK2 siRNA on extracellular matrix turnover within fibrotic joint capsules in post-traumatic joint contractures was examined. Rats were randomly assigned to one of three groups as follows: The non-operated control (CON), operated contracture (ORC) and contracture-treatment (CNT) gro...

  4. MYOMETRIAL CONTRACTURE-RELATED INCREASES IN PLASMA ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN IN FETAL SHEEP IN THE LAST 3RD OF GESTATION ARE ABOLISHED BY MAINTAINING FETAL NORMOXEMIA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    WOUDSTRA, BR; AARNOUDSE, JG; NATHANIELSZ, PW

    1991-01-01

    Low amplitude, long-lasting epochs of myometrial activity, contractures, occur throughout the majority of pregnancy in all species studied to date. Contractures are associated with a fall in fetal oxygenation and changes in fetal behavioral state. In the present study we observed that contractures

  5. Gastrocnemius muscle contracture after spinal cord injury: a longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diong, Joanna; Harvey, Lisa A; Kwah, Li Khim; Clarke, Jillian L; Bilston, Lynne E; Gandevia, Simon C; Herbert, Robert D

    2013-07-01

    The aim of this study was to examine changes in passive length and stiffness of the gastrocnemius muscle-tendon unit in people after spinal cord injury. In a prospective longitudinal study, eight wheelchair-dependent participants with severe paralysis were assessed 3 and 12 mos after spinal cord injury. Passive torque-angle data were obtained as the ankle was slowly rotated through range at six knee angles. Differences in passive ankle torque-angle data recorded at different knee angles were used to derive passive length-tension curves of the gastrocnemius muscle-tendon unit. Ultrasound imaging was used to determine fascicle and tendon contributions to the muscle-tendon unit length-tension curves. The participants had ankle contractures (mean [SD] maximum passive ankle dorsiflexion angle, 88 [9] degrees) 3 mos after spinal cord injury. Ankle range did not worsen significantly during the subsequent 9 mos (mean change, -5 degrees; 95% confidence interval, -16 to 6 degrees). There were no changes in the mean slack length or the stiffness of the gastrocnemius muscle-tendon unit or in the slack lengths of the fascicles or the tendon between 3 and 12 mos after spinal cord injury. There were no consistent patterns of the change in slack length or stiffness with the changes in ankle range in the data from the individual participants. This study, the first longitudinal study of muscle length and stiffness after spinal cord injury, showed that the length and the stiffness of the gastrocnemius did not change substantially between 3 and 12 mos after injury.

  6. Prevention of Thumb Web Space Contracture With Multiplanar External Fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Carl M; Iorio, Matthew L

    2016-09-01

    Thumb web space contracture following hand trauma can be disabling with numerous reconstructive procedures existing to correct the resultant deformity. Following marked soft tissue injury to the hand we utilized the Stryker Hoffmann II Micro External Fixator System to link the first and second metacarpals by a multiplanar system using 1.6 or 2.0 mm self-drilling half-pins and 3 mm carbon fiber connecting rods. This facilitated placement of the thumb in maximal palmar abduction as well as allowed adjustment of thumb position throughout the postoperative period. This technique was performed on 5 patients. Two patients were treated with a first web space external fixator for table saw injuries to the radial aspect of the hand. An additional 2 patients were treated with a first web space external fixator following metacarpophalangeal joint capsular release in the setting of thermal burns. A fifth patient underwent second ray amputation, trapeziectomy and trapezoidectomy for squamous cell carcinoma with subsequent stabilization with the external fixator. The external fixator was left in place until soft tissues were healed (average 5.5 wk). The patients were allowed to mobilize their hand in as much as the external fixator allowed, and no device-associated complications were noted. Thumb web space was preserved with passive and supple thumb circumduction and web space abduction/adduction in all patients at an average follow-up of 5 months. The average Quick Dash Score was 35±5 and the average Modern Activity Subjective Survey of 2007 was 30±8.

  7. Surgical capsular release reduces flexion contracture in a rabbit model of arthrofibrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlow, Jonathan D; Hartzler, Robert U; Abdel, Matthew P; Morrey, Mark E; An, Kai-Nan; Steinmann, Scott P; Morrey, Bernard F; Sanchez-Sotelo, Joaquin

    2013-10-01

    Animal models of joint contracture may be used to elucidate the mechanisms of arthrofibrosis. Patients with joint contracture commonly undergo surgical capsular release. Previous animal models of joint contracture do not simulate this aspect of arthrofibrosis. We hypothesize that a surgical capsular release will decrease the severity of arthrofibrosis in this rabbit model. A capsular contracture was surgically created in 20 skeletally mature rabbits. Eight weeks later, ten rabbits underwent capsular release, which consisted of elevation of the posterior capsule through a lateral incision and manipulation under anesthesia. Ten rabbits had a sham incision, without release (control group). Immediately after release or sham surgery, extension loss (calculated by subtracting the knee extension angle (degrees) of the operative limb from the nonoperative, contralateral limb) was measured using fluoroscopy. All animals were sacrificed following 16 weeks of postoperative free cage activity. At sacrifice, joint contracture was measured using a custom, calibrated device. The histology of the posterior joint capsule was assessed at sacrifice. All animals survived both operations without complications. Immediately after surgical release or sham surgery, the average extension loss was 129.2 ± 10.7° in the control group versus 29.6 ± 8.2° in the capsular release group (p = 0.0002). Following 16 weeks of remobilization, the average extension loss of the control and capsular release animals were 49.0 ± 12.7° and 36.5 ± 14.2°, respectively (p = 0.035). There were no histological differences between the two groups. In this animal model, a surgical capsular release decreased the extension loss (flexion contracture) immediately after surgery, as well as following sixteen weeks of remobilization. There were no histological changes detected in the posterior joint capsule. Copyright © 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society.

  8. Collagenase treatment of Dupuytren’s contracture using a modified injection method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordenskjöld, Jesper; Lauritzson, Anna; Ahlgren, Eva; Waldau, Johanna; Waldén, Markus

    2015-01-01

    Background and purpose Treatment of Dupuytren’s contracture (DC) with collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) consists of injection followed by finger manipulation. We used a modified method, injecting a higher dose than recommended on the label into several parts of the cord, which allows treatment of multiple joint contractures in 1 session and may increase efficacy. We studied the occurrence of skin tears and short-term outcome with this procedure. Patients and methods We studied 164 consecutive hands with DC, palpable cord, and extension deficit of ≥ 20º in the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and/or proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint (mean patient age 70 years, 82% men). A hand surgeon injected all the content of 1 CCH vial (approximately 0.80 mg) into multiple spots in the cord and performed finger extension under local anesthesia after 1 or 2 days. A nurse recorded skin tears on a diagram and conducted a standard telephone follow-up within 4 weeks. A hand therapist measured joint contracture before injection and at a median of 23 (IQR: 7–34) days after finger extension. Results A skin tear occurred in 66 hands (40%). The largest diameter of the tear was ≤ 5 mm in 30 hands and > 10 mm in 14 hands. Hands with skin tear had greater mean pretreatment MCP extension deficit than those without tear: 59º (SD 26) as opposed to 32º (SD 23). Skin tear occurred in 21 of 24 hands with MCP contracture of ≥ 75º. All tears healed with open-wound treatment. No infections occurred. Mean improvement in total (MCP + PIP) extension deficit was 55º (SD 28). Interpretation Skin tears occurred in 40% of hands treated with collagenase injections, but only a fifth of them were larger than 1 cm. Tears were more likely in hands with severe MCP joint contracture. All tears healed without complications. Short-term contracture reduction was good. PMID:25695745

  9. [Effectiveness of dorsal metacarpal island flap for treating scar contracture of finger web].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Jun; Rui, Yongjun; Zhang, Quanrong; Xue, Mingyu; Zhang, Zhihai

    2011-11-01

    To investigate the effectiveness of dorsal metacarpal island flap for treating scar contracture of the finger web. Between June 2009 and December 2010, 10 patients with scar contracture of the finger web were treated. There were 6 males and 4 females with an average age of 30 years (range, 14-57 years). Scar contracture was caused by injury in 8 cases, by burn in 1 case, and by operation in 1 case. The locations were the 1st web space in 1 case, the 2nd web space in 3 cases, the 3rd web space in 5 cases, and the 4th web space in 1 case. The disease duration was 3 to 9 months with an average of 5 months. The maximum abduction was 10-20 degrees. After web space scar release, the dorsal metacarpal island flap (3.5 cm x 1.2 cm-4.0 cm x 2.0 cm in size) was used to reconstruct web space (2.0 cm x 1.0 cm-3.0 cm x 1.8 cm in size). The donor site was directly sutured or repaired with local flaps. At 2 days after operation, necrosis occurred in 1 flap, which healed by extractive treatment. The other flaps survived and wound healed by first intention; all the flaps at donor sites survived and incision healed by first intention. Ten patients were followed up 6 to 15 months (mean, 9 months). The reconstructed web space had good appearance, the maximum abduction was 80 degrees in 1 case of the 1st web space scars contracture, and the maximum abduction was 35-45 degrees (mean, 40 degrees) in the other 9 cases. In 8 scar patients causing by injury, no scar contracture recurred during follow-up. It can achieve good results in appearance and function to use dorsal metacarpal island flap for treating scar contracture of the finger web.

  10. Enfermedad de Dupuytren en una población del noroeste de España: hallazgos clínicos en 184 pacientes Dupuytren's disease in a north-west Spanish population: clinical findings on 184 patients

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    I. Couto González

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio es analizar los factores clásicos relacionados con la Enfermedad de Dupuytren en nuestra región así como la evolución clínica del proceso, con el objeto de comparar nuestros resultados con otros publicados, especialmente de estudios procedentes del norte de Europa y de Norteamérica. Realizamos un análisis retrospectivo sobre 184 pacientes diagnosticados de Enfermedad de Dupuytren en nuestro Servicio y estudiamos sus historias clínicas buscando factores relacionados con el proceso descritos en la literatura médica El 86% de los pacientes estudiados fueron varones, entre la quinta o sexta décadas de la vida en el momento de realizar el diagnóstico. El 64,5% trabajaba o había tenido un trabajo relacionado con traumatismo manual crónico; el 16% reconoció antecedentes familiares; el 43,5% consumía de forma habitual bebidas alcohólicas; el 51% era fumador; el 0% presentaba diabetes mellitus tipo 1 y el 28,8% diabetes mellitus tipo 2; el 1,6% tenían epilepsia; el 19% presentaba algún tipo de vasculopatía periférica; el 6,4% algún tipo de trastorno autoinmune; el 0% una neuropatía degenerativa; el 10,3% Síndrome del Túnel Carpiano; el 32,1% hiperlipemia; el 28,8% hiperuricemia; el 3,8% presentaba algún trastorno hepático; el 77,7% tenía afectación de la mano derecha, el 70,1% de la mano izquierda y el 47,3% bilateral. Los radios palmares afectados con más frecuencia fueron el 4º y el 5º. Las fibromatosis ectópicas fueron un hallazgo infrecuente. Concluimos que el género, la edad y los hallazgos clínicos en nuestros pacientes parecen ser similares a los expuestos en los resultados de las series realizadas en el norte de Europa y Norteamérica. Los factores involucrados en el incremento de los radicales libres del oxígeno como el tabaquismo, las bebidas alcohólicas, la diabetes mellitus, la hiperuricemia o las alteraciones vasculares periféricas aparecen frecuentemente en nuestros

  11. Congenital gluteus maximus contracture syndrome - a case report with review of imaging findings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotha, Vamshi Krishna; Reddy, Rajasekhar; Reddy, M. Venkateshwar; Moorthy, Rangubatla Sathyanrayana; Kishan, Tatikonda Venkat

    2014-01-01

    Although the clinical features of gluteus maximus contracture syndrome have been frequently described, imaging features have been seldom described. Most commonly reported cases are those following intramuscular injection in the gluteal region although congenital contracture is an uncommon but important occurrence. This condition has most often been reported in children of school going age. These patients often present with difficulty in squatting, limitation of hip motion or specific deformities and often require surgical correction. We describe the plain radiography, ultrasonography (USG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of this condition in a patient with no previous known history of intramuscular injections. PMID:24967033

  12. Congenital gluteus maximus contracture syndrome--a case report with review of imaging findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotha, Vamshi Krishna; Reddy, Rajasekhar; Reddy, M Venkateshwar; Moorthy, Rangubatla Sathyanrayana; Kishan, Tatikonda Venkat

    2014-04-01

    Although the clinical features of gluteus maximus contracture syndrome have been frequently described, imaging features have been seldom described. Most commonly reported cases are those following intramuscular injection in the gluteal region although congenital contracture is an uncommon but important occurrence. This condition has most often been reported in children of school going age. These patients often present with difficulty in squatting, limitation of hip motion or specific deformities and often require surgical correction. We describe the plain radiography, ultrasonography (USG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of this condition in a patient with no previous known history of intramuscular injections.

  13. Safe method for release of severe post burn neck contracture under tumescent local anaesthesia and ketamine

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    Agarwal Pawan

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Severe post burn neck contracture results in difficult intubation, which can be life threatening and can result in multiple serious complications and sequels. Thirty patients with age ranging from 12 to 50 years were operated under local tumescent anesthesia supplemented with intravenous ketamine for release of post burn neck contracture and split skin grafted. This technique obviates the need for endotracheal intubation. There were no complications attributed to this anesthesia technique. There was no graft loss and blood loss was minimal.

  14. The effect of isolated gastrocnemius contracture and gastrocnemius recession on lower extremity kinematics and kinetics during stance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chimera, Nicole J; Castro, Michael; Davis, Irene; Manal, Kurt

    2012-11-01

    Isolated gastrocnemius contracture limits ankle dorsiflexion with full knee extension and is potentially problematic during mid-stance of gait when 10° of dorsiflexion and full knee extension are needed. It is during this time that patients with isolated gastrocnemius contracture may demonstrate altered kinematics and/or kinetics. When conservative management fails to resolve painful foot pathologies associated with non-spastic isolated gastrocnemius contracture, gastrocnemius recession surgery has been suggested to resolve contracture and improve function and strength. However, there are no published reports on lower extremity kinematics/kinetics in the non-spastic isolated gastrocnemius contracture population. Assessment of alterations in gait mechanics is necessary to examine the effects of this potential surgical intervention. Lower extremity kinematics and kinetics were assessed in 6 patients clinically diagnosed with isolated gastrocnemius contracture pre- and post-surgical recession compared with 33 healthy control participants. Pre-operatively, patients with isolated gastrocnemius contracture demonstrated significantly increased peak knee flexion angles and knee flexion moments during mid-stance. There were no differences in peak ankle dorsiflexion angle or peak plantar flexion moment. Gastrocnemius recession did not alter gait kinematics/kinetics following surgery. Joint kinematic strategies utilized to compensate for isolated gastrocnemius contracture varied minimally between participants with IGC; most employed a flexed knee strategy, while one participant utilized a reduced ankle dorsiflexion strategy. Select post-surgical gait mechanics were unaltered; however, gait mechanics were not similar between non-spastic isolated gastrocnemius contracture patients and healthy control participants. Surgical intervention for patients with isolated gastrocnemius contracture does not appear to create any negative gait adaptations; however, patients may benefit

  15. Shoulder adduction contracture after burn: anatomy and treatment with quadrangular local scar subcutaneous pedicled flap, a new approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grishkevich, Viktor M

    2013-11-01

    Axillary adduction contracture is caused by scars that tightly surround the shoulder joint impairing the function of the upper limb. Due to severe scar surface deficiency, contracture release presents a challenge for surgeons since a method of release is transfer of tissue in the form of a large pedicled or free flap(s). Thus, development of simpler, less traumatic techniques, using local tissues, persists. Anatomic studies of shoulder adduction contractures after burn (pre-operative, during surgery, post-reconstruction) were done in 346 pediatric and adult patients. All were divided into three groups according to contracture types: with edge contractures (80%), medial (6%) and total (14%). Anatomical study covered peculiarities of total contractures and possibilities for their treatment using local scarred tissue. Total contractures (48 patients) were caused by scars tightly surrounding the joint on three sides: anterior, posterior, and axillary. There were two specific forms of contracture: (a) shoulder close to the chest wall (22 of 48 patients) which was treated with thoracic pedicled or free flaps; (b) in 26 out of 48 patients a flat scar and skin graft surface laid along the shoulder and chest wall, in axillary projection, which were used for contracture release in the form of a subcutaneous pedicled quadrangular flap. The flap was mobilized only peripherally, descending to the apex of the axilla, forming the central axillary zone, and suspension of the axilla on a normal level. Wounds aside the flaps were covered with skin graft. Acceptable functional and cosmetic results were achieved in all 26 patients. Total shoulder adduction contractures have two forms: (a) shoulder close/fused with the chest wall; and (b) along the chest wall and shoulder there is a flat surface, the tissue of which can be used for reconstruction in a form of scar subcutaneous pedicled quadrangular flap. Based on this flap, a new technique is described which is relatively easy to

  16. Steroid injection and needle aponeurotomy for Dupuytren disease: long-term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillan, Catherine; Binhammer, Paul

    2014-10-01

    To compare long-term outcomes and retreatment rates for patients with Dupuytren disease who underwent needle aponeurotomy (NA) combined with a series of triamcinolone acetonide injections or underwent NA alone as part of a prior randomized controlled trial. During this follow-up study, 44 of 47 participants in the original study were examined as needed between 6 and 53 months from their initial procedure. Those who had not been reassessed within 18 months of the original NA were asked to return for follow-up. The average total active extension deficit (TAED) of previously treated joints was compared between groups 7 to 12, 13 to 24, 25 to 36, and 37 to 48 months following treatment. Timing of retreatment (if performed) was recorded. Forty-four participants returned for assessment an average of 4.8 times over 53 months. Mean TAED was significantly less in needle aponeurotomy triamcinolone injection patients at 6 months and between 13 and 24 months. Sixty-two percent of NA group patients and 30% of needle aponeurotomy triamcinolone injection patients returned for a second treatment on the same digit(s) (retreatment). This difference was not significant. Mean time to retreatment and mean TAED immediately prior to retreatment did not differ significantly between groups. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates demonstrated a significantly higher percentage of NA group patients expected to return for retreatment by 24 but not by 36 months. Younger age, more than one joint treated at the initial NA, and TAED severity throughout the follow-up period were associated with earlier retreatment. Serial triamcinolone injections combined with NA was associated with lower TAED for up to 24 months. A larger study would more accurately quantify the potential benefits of combining triamcinolone injections with NA for treatment of Dupuytren disease. Therapeutic III. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Doenças de Dupuytren e de Ledderhose associadas ao uso crônico de anticonvulsivantes: relato de caso

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    CORAL PATRÍCIA

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Relatamos o caso de um paciente que após uso crônico de anticonvulsivantes, sem epilepsia definida, desenvolveu contraturas das aponeuroses palmar (doença de Dupuytren e plantar (doença de Ledderhose. Discutimos as principais dessas complicações, os fatores predisponentes e sua estreita relação com o uso de anticonvulsivantes, particularmente de fenobarbital.

  18. Doenças de Dupuytren e de Ledderhose associadas ao uso crônico de anticonvulsivantes: relato de caso

    OpenAIRE

    CORAL PATRÍCIA; ZANATTA ALESSANDRA; TEIVE HÉLIO A. G.; CORREA NETO YLMAR; NÓVAK EDISON MATOS; WERNECK LINEU CÉSAR

    1999-01-01

    Relatamos o caso de um paciente que após uso crônico de anticonvulsivantes, sem epilepsia definida, desenvolveu contraturas das aponeuroses palmar (doença de Dupuytren) e plantar (doença de Ledderhose). Discutimos as principais dessas complicações, os fatores predisponentes e sua estreita relação com o uso de anticonvulsivantes, particularmente de fenobarbital.

  19. Minimally invasive management of dorsiflexion contracture at the metatarsophalangeal joint and plantarflexion contracture at the proximal interphalangeal joint of the fifth toe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano de Prado

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Several surgical options have been described to manage persistent dorsiflexion contracture at the metatarsophalangeal joint and plantarflexion contracture at the proximal interphalangeal joint of the fifth toe. We describe a minimally invasive technique for the management of this deformity. We perform a plantar closing wedge osteotomy of the 5th toe at the base of its proximal phalanx associated with a lateral condylectomy of the head of the proximal phalanx and at the base of the middle phalanx. Lastly, a complete tenotomy of the deep and superficial flexor tendons and of the tendon of the extensor digitorum longus is undertaken. Correction of cock-up fifth toe deformity is achieved using a minimally invasive approach.

  20. Congenital contractural arachnodactyly Síndrome de la arcnodactilia contractural: estudio de un caso esporádico y revisión de la literatura

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    Betty Nishikuni

    1991-02-01

    Full Text Available

    The Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly Syndrome is a heredltary disorder of connective tissue characterized by multiple congenital contractures, arachnodactyly, dolichostenomella, kyphoscollosis, abnormalities of the external ears and autosomal dominant inheritance. Nearly 50 cases have previously been reported. A new sporadic case is presented. Some clinical and genetic aspects, differential diagnosis and therapeutic approach of this syndrome are discussed.

    El síndrome de la aracnodactilia contractural es una alteración hereditaria del tejido conectivo, caracterizada por múltiples contracturas congénitas, aracnodactilia, dolicostenomelia, cifoescoliosis, dismorfia de los pabellones auriculares y un patrón de herencia autonómico dominante. Se han Informado aproximadamente 50 casos, a los cuales se adiciona uno nuevo, esporádico. Se discuten algunos aspectos clínicos y genéticos, el diagnóstico diferencial y el manejo de estos pacientes.

  1. Lentivirus-mediated ERK2 siRNA reduces joint capsule fibrosis in a rat model of post-traumatic joint contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fengfeng; Liu, Shen; Fan, Cunyi

    2013-10-17

    Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-2 is presumed to play an important role in the development of post-traumatic joint contractures. Using a rat injury model, we investigated whether treatment with ERK2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) could reduce the extent of joint capsule fibrosis after an induced injury. Rats were separated into three groups (n = 32 each): non-operated control group, operated contracture group and contracture-treatment group. Stable post-traumatic joint contracture was created through surgical intra-articular joint injury followed by eight weeks of immobilization. In the contracture-treatment group, the rats were treated with lentivirus (LV)-mediated ERK2 siRNA at days 3 and 7 post-surgery. The posterior joint capsule was assessed by western blotting, immunohistochemistry and biochemical analysis for changes in ERK2, phosphorylated (p)-ERK2, myofibroblast, total collagen and relative collagen Type III expression level. Biomechanical testing was used to assess the development of flexion contractures. Statistical analysis was performed using an analysis of variance. In the operated contracture group, rats that developed flexion contractures also showed elevated phosphorylated p-ERK2 expression. In the contracture-treatment group, ERK2 siRNA significantly reduced p-ERK2 expression levels, as well as the severity of flexion contracture development (p contractures and the resultant increase of joint capsule fibrosis can be reduced by LV-mediated ERK2 siRNA treatment.

  2. Elastic Changes of Capsule in a Rat Knee Contracture Model Assessed by Scanning Acoustic Microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagiwara, Y.; Chimoto, E.; Ando, A.; Saijo, Y.; Itoi, E.

    Sound speed of a capsule in a rat knee contracture model was measured by scanning acoustic microscopy. There was no statistical significant difference in the anterior capsule compared with the control group. However, the sound speed of the posterior capsule was significantly greater compared with the control group after prolonged immobilization.

  3. Digital flexor tendon contracture treated by tenectomy: different clinical presentations in three cats

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    Quentin Cabon

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Case series summary Three cats, Siamese or Siamese cross, were presented with a chronic thoracic limb weightbearing lameness. Previous anti-inflammatory administrations were unable to improve lameness consistently in the three cats. Two of the three cats had undergone onychectomy several years before presentation. A permanent flexion of the proximal interphalangeal joint of one or more digits, associated with a difficult and painful extension of the proximal interphalangeal joint, was noticed during orthopedic examination. A digital flexor tendon contracture was suspected and confirmed with radiographic examination. Surgical exploration was then performed. For all cats, treatment consisted of a tenectomy or tenotomy of the superficial and deep digital flexor tendons in order to release the contracture. The three cats responded well to the surgical treatment and became sound around 2–4 weeks after surgery. Relevance and novel information Digital flexor tendon contracture is rarely reported as a cause of lameness in cats. It should be considered in a differential diagnosis of feline lameness whenever onychectomy has been performed in the past. The precise etiology that explains this tendon contracture is unknown, but trauma or breed predisposition could represent potential causes.

  4. Muscle diseases with prominent joint contractures: Main entities and diagnostic strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eymard, B; Ferreiro, A; Ben Yaou, R; Stojkovic, T

    2013-01-01

    Muscle diseases may have various clinical manifestations including muscle weakness, atrophy or hypertrophy and joint contractures. A spectrum of non-muscular manifestations (cardiac, respiratory, cutaneous, central and peripheral nervous system) may be associated. Few of these features are specific. Limb joint contractures or spine rigidity, when prevailing over muscle weakness in ambulant patients, are of high diagnostic value for diagnosis orientation. Within this context, among several disorders, four groups of diseases should systematically come to mind including the collagen VI-related myopathies, the Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophies, the SEPN1 and FHL1 related myopathies. More rarely other genetic or acquired myopathies may present with marked contractures. Diagnostic work-up should include a comprehensive assessment including family history, neurological, cardiologic and respiratory evaluations. Paraclinical investigations should minimally include muscle imaging and electromyography. Muscle and skin biopsies as well as protein and molecular analyses usually help to reach a precise diagnosis. We will first describe the main muscle and neuromuscular junction diseases where contractures are typically a prominent symptom of high diagnostic value for diagnosis orientation. In the following chapters, we will present clues for the diagnostic strategy and the main measures to be taken when, at the end of the diagnostic work-up, no definite muscular disease has been identified. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. The role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of gluteal muscle contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qiu; Lingyan, Zhang; Yan, Luo; Yulan, Peng

    2011-02-01

    To evaluate the use of ultrasonography (US) in the diagnosis of gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) by analysis of its imaging characteristics. Thirty-nine patients suspected of having GMC due to abnormal gait underwent pre-operative US. The diagnosis of GMC was confirmed by surgery in 27 patients. Six patients were diagnosed with congenital hip dysplasia, and the remaining six patients were diagnosed with sciatic nerve damage, post-poliomyelitis sequelae, and myasthenia gravis. For the patients with GMC, US showed muscle thinning and hyperechoic strips (specific for muscular contracture) in the muscles involved. In three patients with GMC, the strips were integrated into muscle bundles, demonstrating both strong and weak sonographic echoes. The sensitivity and specificity of the diagnosis of GMC using the presence of strips were 88.9% and 83.3%, respectively, and using muscle thinning, the sensitivity and specificity were 92.6% and 50%, respectively. The contracture strips, as measured by US, were significantly smaller than the actual measurements at the time of surgery, but there was a significant correlation between the two measurements (r = 0.814, P muscle (91.8%), and the lowest rate was found in the piriformis muscle (52.9%). Ultrasonography is a valuable tool for the diagnosis of GMC, especially for the detection of specific contracture strips in involved muscles. Its role in the pre-operative diagnosis of GMC also provides surgical planning that can guide subsequent treatment.

  6. Passive mechanical properties of gastrocnemius muscles of people with ankle contracture after stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwah, Li Khim; Herbert, Robert D; Harvey, Lisa A; Diong, Joanna; Clarke, Jillian L; Martin, Joshua H; Clarke, Elizabeth C; Hoang, Phu D; Bilston, Lynne E; Gandevia, Simon C

    2012-07-01

    To investigate the mechanisms of contracture after stroke by comparing passive mechanical properties of gastrocnemius muscle-tendon units, muscle fascicles, and tendons in people with ankle contracture after stroke with control participants. Cross-sectional study. Laboratory in a research institution. A convenience sample of people with ankle contracture after stroke (n=20) and able-bodied control subjects (n=30). Not applicable. Stiffness and lengths of gastrocnemius muscle-tendon units, lengths of muscle fascicles, and tendons at specific tensions. At a tension of 100N, the gastrocnemius muscle-tendon unit was significantly shorter in participants with stroke (mean, 436mm) than in able-bodied control participants (mean, 444mm; difference, 8mm; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.2-15mm; P=.04). Muscle fascicles were also shorter in the stroke group (mean, 44mm) than in the control group (mean, 50mm; difference, 6mm; 95% CI, 1-12mm; P=.03). There were no significant differences between groups in the mean stiffness or length of the muscle-tendon units and fascicles at low tension, or in the mean length of the tendons at any tension. People with ankle contracture after stroke have shorter gastrocnemius muscle-tendon units and muscle fascicles than control participants at high tension. This difference is not apparent at low tension. Copyright © 2012 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. ТREATMENT STRATEGY OF FLEXION CONTRACTURE OF THE WRIST JOINT IN CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY

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    Владимир Александрович Новиков

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. The objective of study was to assess the effectiveness of transplantation of m. flexor carpi ulnaris tendon on the place of m. extensor carpi radialis brevis / longus (Green operation to eliminate the deficit of active wrist joint extension in children with cerebral palsy. Materials and methods. The present study is based on a survey of children with cerebral palsy with affected upper limb. The main criterion for selection of patients was the presence of active extension deficit in the wrist joint, both isolated and in combination with other contractures of the upper limb joints. Total 22 patients with spastic forms of cerebral palsy were examined. Results and conclusions. Green operation is a good method of surgical treatment of active extension deficit in the wrist joint in patients with cerebral palsy. In the presence of moderately severe contractures in the wrist joint, serial casting can eliminate them completely. Presence of a fixed pronation contracture of the forearm is a factor that reduces the effectiveness of FCU transplantation. Pronation contracture should be corrected before or during Green surgery. FCU transplantation is effective for children of any age, but its effectiveness is reduced from 12 years old.

  8. The running Y-V plasty for treatment of linear and cord-like burn contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arasteh, Ehsan; Yavari, Masoud

    2012-01-01

    Linear and cord-like burn scar contractures are commonly treated by severing the scar in a transverse direction and skin grafting or performing Z-plasties. However, skin grafts may result in suboptimal take and contract gradually and the Z-plasty requires undermining flaps in scarred skin which may lead to the distal tip necrosis. In this article the authors present their experience with multiple Y-V plasty technique. From May 2005 to September 2009, 44 linear and narrow cord-like burn contractures in various regions of upper and lower extremities of 32 patients were treated by multiple Y-V plasty technique. The contracted scars were treated successfully in all of the patients. No major post-operative complications or contracture recurrence were observed during the follow up period of 6 to 24 months in this series of patients. By creating a longer length, running Y-V plasty can relax the contracted scar. Considering the advantages and excellent results in the treated patients in this study group, and also other presented series, multiple Y-V plasty can be recommended as a very useful and safe technique for the treatment of linear and cordlike burn contractures.

  9. Adaptations during the stance phase of gait for simulated flexion contractures at the knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerny, K; Perry, J; Walker, J M

    1994-06-01

    Adaptations in the stance phase of gait to knee flexion contractures simulated by a knee-ankle-foot orthosis were studied in 20 healthy women (mean age: 25 +/- 3.6 years). Stride characteristics, joint postures, floor reactions, and indwelling electromyographic activity of the lower gluteus maximus, vastus lateralis, long head of the biceps femoris, and soleus muscles were measured during walking with the orthosis, with and without contracture simulation. Simulated knee flexion contracture resulted in decreased stride length and velocity and increased forefoot weight bearing and flexion posture in stance. Increases were also seen in magnitude and/or duration of flexion floor reaction torques and gluteus maximus, vastus lateralis, and soleus muscle activity. The addition of a restriction of plantar flexion resulted in a further decrease in velocity and stride length and a small increase in hip extension posture. These results show that knee flexion contractures, simulated in healthy subjects, cause a decrease in gait function with a simultaneous increase in muscular demand.

  10. Digital flexor tendon contracture treated by tenectomy: different clinical presentations in three cats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quentin Cabon

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Case series summary Three cats, Siamese or Siamese cross, were presented with a chronic thoracic limb weightbearing lameness. Previous anti-inflammatory administrations were unable to improve lameness consistently in the three cats. Two of the three cats had undergone onychectomy several years before presentation. A permanent flexion of the proximal interphalangeal joint of one or more digits, associated with a difficult and painful extension of the proximal interphalangeal joint, was noticed during orthopedic examination. A digital flexor tendon contracture was suspected and confirmed with radiographic examination. Surgical exploration was then performed. For all cats, treatment consisted of a tenectomy or tenotomy of the superficial and deep digital flexor tendons in order to release the contracture. The three cats responded well to the surgical treatment and became sound around 2–4 weeks after surgery. Relevance and novel information Digital flexor tendon contracture is rarely reported as a cause of lameness in cats. It should be considered in a differential diagnosis of feline lameness whenever onychectomy has been performed in the past. The precise etiology that explains this tendon contracture is unknown, but trauma or breed predisposition could represent potential causes.

  11. PREDICTIVE FACTORS OF DIFFICULT INTUBATION IN POST BURN NECK CONTRACTURE – A STUDY OF 30 CONSECUTIVE CASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijay

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The peri - operative management of post - burn contractures of the neck is a challenge not only to the surgeon but also the anaesthesiologist. A proper co - ordination between them is needed for providing a hassle - free patient care. This is a prospective study done on 30 consecutive patients of post burn contractures of the neck to compare the surgeon’s assessment of the type and pattern of post - burn contracture of the neck and the anaesthesiologist’s assessment of the airway. T he association of this with the peri - operative management of patients was also studied. The data analysed was type of contracture , mento - sternal distance , and preoperative grading of the airway. The method of securing intra - operative airway was documented . A direct co - relation was noted between the type of contracture with the Mallampatti grading of the airway and the sterno - mental distance. All type III contractures required release before intubation. In conclusion , it is advisable for the surgeon to be w ell - versed with the anaesthesiologist’s assessment of the airway and the anaesthesiologist to aware of the types of neck contracture in order to properly plan and execute the peri - operative management of these patients.

  12. Comparative study on the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections between trigger fingers with and without proximal interphalangeal joint flexion contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinomiya, R; Sunagawa, T; Nakashima, Y; Kawanishi, Y; Masuda, T; Ochi, M

    2016-02-01

    Trigger fingers with proximal interphalangeal joint flexion contracture are suggested to have a poorer response to corticosteroid injection than those without contracture, though this has not been proven scientifically. We compared the clinical response to corticosteroid injection between trigger fingers with and without proximal interphalangeal joint contracture, and investigated the influence of the injection on the A1 pulley and flexor digitorum tendons using ultrasonography. One month after injection, pain was significantly reduced in the no contracture group, and 56% of trigger fingers with proximal interphalangeal joint contracture resolved. Before injection, relative thickening of the A1 pulley and flexor digitorum tendons, and a partial hypoechoic lesion of the flexor digitorum superficialis tendon were observed in the contracture group. One month after injection, the thickening of the tendons and the A1 pulley was reduced, but the partial hypoechoic lesion was still observed in significant numbers. We have demonstrated that the presence of a proximal interphalangeal joint contracture was associated with a reduced clinical response to corticosteroid injection, and we suggest that the pathologic change in the flexor digitorum superficialis tendon, represented by the partial hypoechoic lesion, contributed to corticosteroid injection resistance. IV. © The Author(s) 2015.

  13. Biceps Brachii Long Head Overactivity Associated with Elbow Flexion Contracture in Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheffler, Lindsey C.; Lattanza, Lisa; Sison-Williamson, Mitell; James, Michelle A.

    2012-01-01

    Background: The etiology of elbow flexion contracture in children with brachial plexus birth palsy remains unclear. We hypothesized that the long head of the biceps brachii muscle assists with shoulder stabilization in children with brachial plexus birth palsy and that overactivity of the long head during elbow and shoulder activity is associated with an elbow flexion contracture. Methods: Twenty-one patients with brachial plexus birth palsy-associated elbow flexion contracture underwent testing with surface electromyography. Twelve patients underwent repeat testing with fine-wire electromyography. Surface electrodes were placed on the muscle belly, and fine-wire electrodes were inserted bilaterally into the long and short heads of the biceps brachii. Patients were asked to perform four upper extremity tasks: elbow flexion-extension, hand to head, high reach, and overhead ball throw. The mean duration of muscle activity in the affected limb was compared with that in the contralateral, unaffected limb, which was used as a control. Three-dimensional motion analysis, surface dynamometry, and validated function measures were used to evaluate upper extremity kinematics, elbow flexor-extensor muscle imbalance, and function. Results: The mean activity duration of the long head of the biceps brachii muscle was significantly higher in the affected limb as compared with the contralateral, unaffected limb during hand-to-head tasks (p = 0.02) and high-reach tasks (p = 0.03). No significant differences in mean activity duration were observed for the short head of the biceps brachii muscle between the affected and unaffected limbs. Isometric strength of elbow flexion was not significantly higher than that of elbow extension in the affected limb (p = 0.11). Conclusions: Overactivity of the long head of the biceps brachii muscle is associated with and may contribute to the development of elbow flexion contracture in children with brachial plexus birth palsy. Elbow flexion

  14. Neuro-musculoskeletal simulation of instrumented contracture and spasticity assessment in children with cerebral palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Krogt, Marjolein Margaretha; Bar-On, Lynn; Kindt, Thalia; Desloovere, Kaat; Harlaar, Jaap

    2016-07-16

    Increased resistance in muscles and joints is an important phenomenon in patients with cerebral palsy (CP), and is caused by a combination of neural (e.g. spasticity) and non-neural (e.g. contracture) components. The aim of this study was to simulate instrumented, clinical assessment of the hamstring muscles in CP using a conceptual model of contracture and spasticity, and to determine to what extent contracture can be explained by altered passive muscle stiffness, and spasticity by (purely) velocity-dependent stretch reflex. Instrumented hamstrings spasticity assessment was performed on 11 children with CP and 9 typically developing children. In this test, the knee was passively stretched at slow and fast speed, and knee angle, applied forces and EMG were measured. A dedicated OpenSim model was created with motion and muscles around the knee only. Contracture was modeled by optimizing the passive muscle stiffness parameters of vasti and hamstrings, based on slow stretch data. Spasticity was modeled using a velocity-dependent feedback controller, with threshold values derived from experimental data and gain values optimized for individual subjects. Forward dynamic simulations were performed to predict muscle behavior during slow and fast passive stretches. Both slow and fast stretch data could be successfully simulated by including subject-specific levels of contracture and, for CP fast stretches, spasticity. The RMS errors of predicted knee motion in CP were 1.1 ± 0.9° for slow and 5.9 ± 2.1° for fast stretches. CP hamstrings were found to be stiffer compared with TD, and both hamstrings and vasti were more compliant than the original generic model, except for the CP hamstrings. The purely velocity-dependent spasticity model could predict response during fast passive stretch in terms of predicted knee angle, muscle activity, and fiber length and velocity. Only sustained muscle activity, independent of velocity, was not predicted by our model. The

  15. Afferent Innervation, Muscle Spindles, and Contractures Following Neonatal Brachial Plexus Injury in a Mouse Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolaou, Sia; Hu, Liangjun; Cornwall, Roger

    2015-10-01

    We used an established mouse model of elbow flexion contracture after neonatal brachial plexus injury (NBPI) to test the hypothesis that preservation of afferent innervation protects against contractures and is associated with preservation of muscle spindles and ErbB signaling. A model of preganglionic C5 through C7 NBPI was first tested in mice with fluorescent axons using confocal imaging to confirm preserved afferent innervation of spindles despite motor end plate denervation. Preganglionic and postganglionic injuries were then created in wild-type mice. Four weeks later, we assessed total and afferent denervation of the elbow flexors by musculocutaneous nerve immunohistochemistry. Biceps muscle volume and cross-sectional area were measured by micro computed tomography. An observer who was blinded to the study protocol measured elbow flexion contractures. Biceps spindle and muscle fiber morphology and ErbB signaling pathway activity were assessed histologically and immunohistochemically. Preganglionic and postganglionic injuries caused similar total denervation and biceps muscle atrophy. However, after preganglionic injuries, afferent innervation was partially preserved and elbow flexion contractures were significantly less severe. Spindles degenerated after postganglionic injury but were preserved after preganglionic injury. ErbB signaling was inactivated in denervated spindles after postganglionic injury but ErbB signaling activity was preserved in spindles after preganglionic injury with retained afferent innervation. Preganglionic and postganglionic injuries were associated with upregulation of ErbB signaling in extrafusal muscle fibers. Contractures after NBPI are associated with muscle spindle degeneration and loss of spindle ErbB signaling activity. Preservation of afferent innervation maintained spindle development and ErbB signaling activity, and protected against contractures. Pharmacologic modulation of ErbB signaling, which is being investigated as a

  16. Biceps brachii long head overactivity associated with elbow flexion contracture in brachial plexus birth palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheffler, Lindsey C; Lattanza, Lisa; Sison-Williamson, Mitell; James, Michelle A

    2012-02-15

    The etiology of elbow flexion contracture in children with brachial plexus birth palsy remains unclear. We hypothesized that the long head of the biceps brachii muscle assists with shoulder stabilization in children with brachial plexus birth palsy and that overactivity of the long head during elbow and shoulder activity is associated with an elbow flexion contracture. Twenty-one patients with brachial plexus birth palsy-associated elbow flexion contracture underwent testing with surface electromyography. Twelve patients underwent repeat testing with fine-wire electromyography. Surface electrodes were placed on the muscle belly, and fine-wire electrodes were inserted bilaterally into the long and short heads of the biceps brachii. Patients were asked to perform four upper extremity tasks: elbow flexion-extension, hand to head, high reach, and overhead ball throw. The mean duration of muscle activity in the affected limb was compared with that in the contralateral, unaffected limb, which was used as a control. Three-dimensional motion analysis, surface dynamometry, and validated function measures were used to evaluate upper extremity kinematics, elbow flexor-extensor muscle imbalance, and function. The mean activity duration of the long head of the biceps brachii muscle was significantly higher in the affected limb as compared with the contralateral, unaffected limb during hand-to-head tasks (p = 0.02) and high-reach tasks (p = 0.03). No significant differences in mean activity duration were observed for the short head of the biceps brachii muscle between the affected and unaffected limbs. Isometric strength of elbow flexion was not significantly higher than that of elbow extension in the affected limb (p = 0.11). Overactivity of the long head of the biceps brachii muscle is associated with and may contribute to the development of elbow flexion contracture in children with brachial plexus birth palsy. Elbow flexion contracture may not be associated with an elbow

  17. Postburn neck anterior contracture treatment in children with scar-fascial local trapezoid flaps: a new approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grishkevich, Viktor M; Grishkevich, Max; Menzul, Vasiliy

    2015-01-01

    One of the dramatic consequences of burns is scar contracture and deformities of the neck. Cervical contracture in children is especially dangerous, leading to face disfigurement and kyphosis; therefore, early reconstruction is indicated. Despite the existence of many various surgical techniques, the successful neck contracture treatment in pediatric patients remains a challenge for surgeons. Eleven children (aged 5 to 14 years) with postburn neck anterior contractures were studied to develop a new approach for reconstruction that would employ the use of local scar-fascial flaps. The new approach and technique for postburn pediatric contracture treatment was developed which is especially effective in the treatment of children who cannot undergo complex and long surgical procedures that are aimed at both contracture elimination and neck skin restoration. The technique consists of two trapezoid scar-fascial flaps mobilization which includes all the anterior neck surfaces and consists of scars, fat layer, platysma, and deep cervical fascia. Counter transposition of flaps with tension elongated neck anterior surface was 100 to 200%. The contracture was fully eliminated, and neck contours, mentocervical angle, and head movement were restored. In case of severe contracture, residual wound in submandibular region and above clavicles were skin-grafted. The full range of head motion (functional results) was achieved in all the 11 patients. The flaps continued to grow and the skin grafts shrinkage was moderate. Local trapeze-flap plasty allows neck contracture elimination in children in the cases when a more complex technique is impossible or undesirable to use. Early surgical intervention prevents secondary complications, allotting enough time for patients to mature and be ready for more complex procedures.

  18. Preserving plantar flexion strength after surgical treatment for contracture of the triceps surae: a computer simulation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delp, S L; Statler, K; Carroll, N C

    1995-01-01

    Contractures of the triceps surae commonly are treated by surgical lengthening of the gastrocnemius aponeurosis or the Achilles tendon. Although these procedures generally relieve contractures, patients sometimes are left with dramatically decreased plantar flexion strength (i.e., decreased capacity to generate plantar flexion moment). The purpose of this study was to examine the trade-off between restoring range of motion and maintaining plantar flexion strength after surgical treatment for contracture of the triceps surae. A computer model representing the normal moment-generating characteristics of the triceps surae was altered to represent two conditions: isolated contracture of the gastrocnemius and contracture of both the gastrocnemius and the soleus. The effects of lengthening the gastrocnemius aponeurosis and the Achilles tendon were simulated for each condition. The simulations showed that nearly normal moment-generating characteristics could be restored when isolated gastrocnemius contracture was treated with lengthening of the gastrocnemius aponeurosis. However, when isolated gastrocnemius contracture was treated with lengthening of the Achilles tendon, the moment-generating capacity of the plantar flexors decreased greatly. This suggests that lengthening of the Achilles tendon should be avoided in persons with isolated gastrocnemius contracture. Our simulations also suggest that neither lengthening of the gastrocnemius aponeurosis nor lengthening of the Achilles tendon by itself is an effective treatment for combined contracture of the gastrocnemius and soleus. Lengthening the gastrocnemius aponeurosis did not decrease the excessive passive moment developed by the contracted soleus. Lengthening the Achilles tendon restored the normal passive range of motion but substantially decreased the active force-generating capacity of the muscles.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  19. Factors Affecting Burn Contracture Outcome in Developing Countries: A Review of 2506 Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Lauren P; Huang, Alice; Corlew, Daniel Scott; Aeron, Kush; Aeron, Yogi; Rai, Shankar Man; Jovic, Goran; Agag, Richard L

    2016-09-01

    Burn contractures hinder joint mobility, resulting in functional impairment and reduced quality of life. This is of greater significance in developing countries where there are fewer resources for assistance with such impairments. Contracture release reduces deformity, but multiple factors affect the extent of postsurgical improvements and outcomes. Elucidating these factors may enable surgeons to better care for burn patients. This study assesses factors that impact burn contracture resolution in developing nations. A retrospective review of 2506 burn contractures was performed using information extracted from a large nongovernment organization (ReSurge International) database from Nepal, India, and Zambia. Data points included age, type of burn, time elapsed between injury and release, and extent of final release achieved based on preoperative and postoperative images of hand (n = 1960), elbow (n = 371), and knee (n = 176) contractures. Hand improvement was scored based on digit/wrist involvement (severity of dysfunction) and joint extension capability (functionality); elbow and knee improvement were calculated using preoperative and postoperative joint angles. Multivariate analysis was performed. Hands burned by hot liquid had greater functionality after surgery than open-fire burns (P < 0.01). Improvement in severity of dysfunction and functionality were inversely correlated to age (P < 0.01) and time until surgery (P < 0.01). Elbow improvement decreased as age increased (P < 0.01). Postoperative increase of knee extension decreased for each year elapsed between injury and surgery (P < 0.01). Burn type, age when burned, and timing of surgery were significant factors affecting hand outcomes, whereas age affected elbow outcomes, and time elapsed until surgery affected knee results. An algorithm was formulated to enable physicians in developing countries with limited resources to triage patients and optimize patient outcomes.

  20. Open Capsulotomy: An Effective but Overlooked Treatment for Capsular Contracture after Breast Augmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Background: The prevailing theory for capsular contracture after breast augmentation is a subclinical capsular infection. A capsulectomy, site change, and implant replacement are recommended. An open capsulotomy leaves the capsule in the patient. Theoretically, such a procedure would be ineffective because it does not remove the infected tissue. Recurrences occurred frequently in women treated in the 1970s when leaky silicone gel implants were in use. Open capsulotomy has not been studied in women implanted with third-generation devices. Methods: Seventy-five consecutive women with Baker III/IV capsular contractures after breast augmentation treated with open capsulotomies between 1996 and 2016 were retrospectively evaluated. The original implants were usually saline-filled (72.2%). Replacements were all smooth and round, and 92.6% were also saline-filled. Results: Seventeen women (22.7%) developed a recurrent capsular contracture. Two patients (2.7%) experienced a second recurrence. Patients with ruptured silicone gel implants (n = 13) had a significantly greater risk of recurrence (P = 0.01). There was no significant difference in recurrence rates comparing patients whose intact implants were reinserted (12.5%) with women whose intact implants were replaced (18.2%). Povidone–iodine irrigation did not affect the recurrence rate. Capsular contracture was corrected with 1 procedure in 77.3% of patients and 2 procedures in 97.3% of patients. Conclusions: Open capsulotomy is a safe and effective treatment that avoids the additional morbidity and cost of a capsulectomy. The findings challenge the infected biofilm theory of capsular contracture. Open capsulotomy deserves reconsideration by plastic surgeons. PMID:27826488

  1. Reduced satellite cell population may lead to contractures in children with cerebral palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Lucas R; Chambers, Henry G; Lieber, Richard L

    2013-03-01

    Satellite cells are the stem cells residing in muscle responsible for skeletal muscle growth and repair. Skeletal muscle in cerebral palsy (CP) has impaired longitudinal growth that results in muscle contractures. We hypothesized that the satellite cell population would be reduced in contractured muscle. We compared the satellite cell populations in hamstring muscles from participants with CP contracture (n=8; six males, two females; age range 6-15y; Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] levels II-V; 4 with hemiplegia, 4 with diplegia) and from typically developing participants (n=8; six males, two females, age range 15-18y). Muscle biopsies were extracted from the gracilis and semitendinosus muscles and mononuclear cells were isolated. Cell surface markers were stained with fluorescently conjugated antibodies to label satellite cells (neural cell adhesion molecule) and inflammatory and endothelial cells (CD34 and CD4 respectively). Cells were analyzed using flow cytometry to determine cell populations. After gating for intact cells a mean of 12.8% (SD 2.8%) were determined to be satellite cells in typically developing children, but only 5.3% (SD 2.3%; p0.05) suggesting the isolation procedure was valid. A reduced satellite cell population may account for the decreased longitudinal growth of muscles in CP that develop into fixed contractures or the decreased ability to strengthen muscle in CP. This suggests a unique musculoskeletal disease mechanism and provides a potential therapeutic target for debilitating muscle contractures. © The Authors. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology © 2012 Mac Keith Press.

  2. Ablative fractional resurfacing for the treatment of traumatic scars and contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uebelhoer, Nathan S; Ross, E Victor; Shumaker, Peter R

    2012-06-01

    After a decade of military conflict, thousands of wounded warriors have suffered debilitating and cosmetically disfiguring scars and scar contractures. Clearly, there is a need for effective scar treatment regimens to assist in the functional and cosmetic rehabilitation of these patients. Traditional treatments, including aggressive physical and occupational therapy and dedicated wound care, are essential. Adjunctive treatments with established laser technologies, such as vascular lasers and full-field ablative lasers, have had a somewhat limited role in scar contractures due to modest efficacy and/or an unacceptable side effect profile in compromised skin. Refractory scar contractures often require surgical revision, which can be effective, but is associated with additional surgical morbidity and a significant risk of recurrence. Furthermore, current scar treatment paradigms often dictate scar maturation for approximately a year to allow for spontaneous improvement before surgical intervention. Since 2009, the Dermatology Clinic at the Naval Medical Center San Diego has been treating scars and scar contractures in wounded warriors and others using ablative fractionated laser technology. Although traditionally associated with the rejuvenation of aged and photo-damaged skin, our clinical experience and a handful of early reports indicate that laser ablative fractional resurfacing demonstrates promising efficacy and an excellent side effect profile when applied to the functional and cosmetic enhancement of traumatic scars and contractures. This article discusses our clinical experience with ablative fractional resurfacing and its potential prominent role in rehabilitation from traumatic injuries, including a possible shift in scar treatment paradigms toward earlier procedural intervention. Potential benefits include the optimization of scar trajectory and higher levels of full or adapted function in a more favorable time course.

  3. Protective effect of bepridil against veratrine-induced contracture in rat atria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leboeuf, J; Baissat, J; Massingham, R

    1992-06-05

    In isolated stimulated rat atria, superfusion with veratrine caused a marked contracture (VIC) which was absent in calcium-free medium and which was inhibited by tetrodotoxin (IC50VIC of 1.38 microM). Lowering the extracellular calcium concentration from 2.5 to 0.5 or 0.1 mM reduced the veratrine-induced contracture and delayed its onset. Superfusion of bepridil (1-10 microM) for 60 min before and during veratrine exposure markedly slowed the onset of contracture, reduced the maximum response (IC50VIC = 2.11 microM) and facilitated recovery upon washout of the alkaloid. The direct negative inotropic effect (NIE) of bepridil (IC50NIE = 10.96 microM) resulted in an VIC/NIE ratio of 5.19 for this drug. The protective effects of bepridil were rate-independent and were not modified by the presence of atropine (1.4 microM) and propranolol (0.3 microM) in the medium. Diltiazem, verapamil and nifedipine only reduced veratrine-induced contracture at concentrations much higher than those producing a negative inotropic effect, giving them negative NIE/VIC ratios of 0.31, 0.08 and 0.08 respectively. Like bepridil, flunarizine had a positive NIE/VIC ratio (15.87, IC50VIC = 3.71 microM). The lack of effect of the quaternary derivative of bepridil CERM 11888 indicated that intracellular sites of action may be involved in the activity of bepridil on veratrine-induced contracture. Given that veratrine-induced changes may mimic some of the pathological changes occurring in ischaemia, the results suggest that bepridil and flunarizine may be more effective than L-type, slow calcium ion-channel blockers in protecting against calcium overload during ischaemia and reperfusion injury.

  4. Pelvis tilt of gluteus contracture in children%臀肌挛缩症所致骨盆倾斜

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童学波; 俞辉国; 谢丰

    2002-01-01

    Objective To investigate the pathological anatomy, diagnosis and surgical technique for pelvis tilt of gluteurs contracture (PTGC) in children. Method Four hundred fifty one cases of gluteus contracture accepted surgical treatment during 1990~ 1998 in Ruijin Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Results Twenty nine of them were PTGC (6.4% ). 22 cases were followed up in a period 2~ 8 years has satisfactory results. Conclusions The key point for good results is the contractures of middle gluteal muscle and least gluteal muscle that has been relaxed completely and to conserve their function of abduction.

  5. 峰峰集团五矿职工及常驻人口掌腱膜挛缩症发病率调查%Investigation of the incidence rate of Dupuytren's contracture in Feng Feng Group Co. Wukuang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓军; 刘勇; 苏利国; 段家波; 张晓军; 连霄飞

    2008-01-01

    目的 调查掌腱膜挛缩症在我国北方局部地区的发病率.方法 调查峰峰集团五矿职工及附近常驻人口掌腱膜挛缩症发病情况,共调查10 332人(20 662手),约占被调查范围内18周岁以上成年人总数的7.95%.将调查结果填写统一的表格,根据最终的数据计算出掌腱膜挛缩症的发病率并对所得数据进行分析.结果 共调查出掌腱膜挛缩症患者60例(72手),计算出本地区掌腱膜挛缩症的发病率为0.581%.61岁以上男性发病率为1.43%.61岁以上组发病率显著高于60岁以下组(P<0.01).掌腱膜挛缩共累计95指,以环指发病率最高共56指,显著高于其他指(P<0.01).左手发病率明显低于右手(P<0.01).男性患者发病率高于女性患者,约为7.6:1(P<0.01),但性别只是掌腱膜挛缩症发病的一个因素,随着年龄的增长,其他因素在掌腱膜挛缩症发病中的作用开始增加,男女发病率开始接近.酗酒、糖尿病和肺部疾病和本症有高度相关性(P<0.01).但掌腱膜挛缩症在国人中与遗传因素的影响较少,与白种人在家族史上有明显差异.结论 掌腱膜挛缩症在我国(特别是61岁以上男性)并不是罕见的疾病,我们必须加强专业手外科的建设并提高基层医院的医生对此病的认识.

  6. Treatment for severe Dupuytren's contracture by microsurgical operation combined with rehabilitation exercise%重度掌腱膜挛缩症的显微外科治疗及临床康复

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凯; 陈克俊; 韩宝平

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨重度掌腱膜挛缩症的治疗方法和效果.方法 对9例(12侧)重度掌腱膜挛缩症患者,采用多“Z”形为主的切口,显微镜下锐性分离受累手指的神经血管束,彻底切除病变组织,彻底止血后无张力下直接缝合或“V-Y”成形闭合,对皮肤缺损者采用全厚皮片植皮.术后第3天在医师指导下进行主被动伸屈功能锻炼,根据手指肿胀情况调整锻炼强度.切口愈合后应用背侧弹性支具加强伸屈功能锻炼,支具应用3个月以上.结果 术后切口均愈合,植皮全部成活.平均随访10个月,依据TAM评定标准,优良率91.7%.结论 采用显微手术技术切除病变组织结合术后康复锻炼是治疗重度掌腱膜挛缩症的有效方法.

  7. The improvement of the flap design method for Stage Ⅲ of Dupuytren's contracture surgery treatment%Ⅲ期掌腱膜挛缩手术治疗皮瓣设计方法的改良

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶科融; 唐修俊; 王波; 韩文杰; 曾雪琴; 吴必华

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨Ⅲ期掌腱膜挛缩手术治疗皮瓣设计方法的改良,减少手指损伤及避免植皮的可行性.方法 2009年3月至2015年3月以来,我科共治疗18例Ⅲ期掌腱膜挛缩症的患者,因挛缩严重不利于皮瓣的设计,故在设计皮瓣之前先经挛缩严重的关节横纹处顺皮纹小切口切断挛缩的腱膜,使挛缩手指尽可能伸直,手指伸直后设计连续"Z"型皮瓣,通过切除挛缩的掌腱膜,保留神经血管束,皮瓣交叉转移后修复创面,避免植皮.结果 术后切口Ⅰ期愈合,术后随访时间3 ~ 48月,平均24月,挛缩指能完全伸直,皮肤无挛缩,手指屈伸活动基本正常,无直线瘢痕,手指感觉及运动正常.结论 Ⅲ期掌腱膜挛缩手术治疗时首先经皮小切口切断受累手指的挛缩腱膜,使皮瓣设计简化,提高修复效果,能尽可能的有效利用皮瓣转移修复创面,避免植皮.

  8. Analysis of microsurgical treatment of 28 cases of Dupuytren's contracture%显微外科治疗掌腱膜挛缩症28例疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱晓忠; 丁任; 包朝鲁; 马台; 黄健华; 徐进; 龚韶华; 孙建忠; 支晓丞

    2014-01-01

    目的 观察掌腱膜挛缩症不同手术方法的疗效.方法 观察显微镜下掌腱膜完全切除术组8例12只手(侯明钟分级法:Ⅰ级1只手,Ⅱ级2只手,Ⅲ级4只手,Ⅳ级5只手)和掌腱膜部分切除术组20例29只手(侯明钟分级法:Ⅰ级2只手,Ⅱ级9只手,Ⅲ级10只手,Ⅳ级8只手)的并发症及手术疗效,并随访功能恢复情况.所有病例均取术中切除的掌腱膜行病理检查.结果 两组病例术中均矫正畸形.掌腱膜部分切除术组有1只手出现指神经、血管损伤,其余40只手均未出现并发症.术后随访1~8年,采用Adam评定法,显微镜下掌腱膜完全切除术组功能恢复优良率100%;掌腱膜部分切除术组14只手功能恢复优良,15只手功能恢复不满意,优良率48.28%.掌腱膜完全切除术组功能恢复优良率显著高于掌腱膜部分切除术组(P<0.01).所有病例病理学检查结果均为纤维瘤.结论 掌腱膜挛缩症应早期发现,早期诊断,早期行显微镜下掌腱膜完全切除术,同时切除受累皮肤,不易损伤指神经、血管,长期随访疗效明确,功能恢复优良.

  9. 糖尿病合并掌腱膜挛缩、无功能垂体瘤一例%Diabetes mellitus with Dupuytren's contracture and nonfunctional pituitary neoplasm: one case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈晓刚; 沈汉超

    2006-01-01

    患者,男,16岁,杭州人,因“口干多尿多饮11年,四肢肢端挛缩畸形3年”入院。患者11年前因“病毒感染”后出现口干、多尿、伴有多饮,无明显消瘦,曾因“1型糖尿病,糖尿病酮症酸中毒”住院治疗后好转,出院后予普通胰岛素(10U/d)治疗,血糖控制差。并分别于8岁、12岁两次出现“糖尿病酮症酸中毒”,均住院治疗后好转。3年前无明显诱因下出现双手挛缩畸形,不能伸直。双手皮肤变硬,双脚内翻畸形,趾端挛缩,渐加重,行走不便,伴生长发育迟缓。无四肢关节肿痛,无智力减退,无发热、肌痛,无四肢麻木,为求进一步诊治来我院,门诊拟“1型糖尿病”收治。既往史:有“青霉素”皮试阳性史,否认“佝偻病”史。个人史无特殊。体检:体温37℃,血压140/100mmHg(1mmHg=0.133kPa),面色苍白,精神差,甲状腺不大,心肺听诊无特殊,双手指挛缩畸形,远端手指不能伸直,手背皮肤紧,双下肢“O”型腿,双脚内翻畸形,趾端挛缩,背伸障碍。

  10. 小指近侧指间关节掌腱膜挛缩症的治疗%Treatment of Dupuytren's contracture at the proximal interphalangeal joint of the little finger

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金昌; 李炳万; 王天斌

    2007-01-01

    目的 探讨小指近侧指间关节掌腱膜挛缩症的治疗方法.方法 2000年以来,我院共治疗9例(15侧)小指近侧指间关节掌腱膜挛缩症的患者,采用指掌侧挛缩皮肤"Z"字成形,并在扩大切除掌腱膜的同时,切除受累小指的中央索、螺旋索、侧方指膜、小鱼际肌向小指近侧指间关节移行的尺侧腱膜及小指近侧指间关节处骨化的腱膜.结果 术后14侧切口Ⅰ期愈合;1侧皮肤部分坏死,换药后愈合.术后随访时间8个月~2年,平均1.6年,小指能完全伸直,皮肤无挛缩,手指屈伸活动基本正常,术后无其他并发症,无1例复发.结论 小指掌腱膜切除的同时,应将受累指的中央索、螺旋索、侧方指膜、小鱼际肌向小指近侧指间关节移行的尺侧腱膜及小指近侧指间关节处骨化的腱膜一并切除.

  11. Pathological basis of pacinian corpuscles in the pathogenesis of Dupuytren's contracture%环层小体在掌腱膜挛缩症发病机制中的病理基础研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈家磊; 黄富国; 项舟; 钟刚; 岑石强

    2010-01-01

    目的 了解中国人掌腱膜挛缩症(Dupuytren挛缩)中环层小体的病理表现,探讨该疾病的发病机制.方法 对挛缩病变掌腱膜与正常掌腱膜标本进行切片和HE染色后,通过显微镜观察并测量15例掌腱膜挛缩症患者的23侧病变掌腱膜及17例正常掌腱膜组织标本中环层小体(pacinian corpuscles)的长径、短径及层数.结果 病变掌腱膜组环层小体的长径和短径均大于正常掌腱膜对照组(P<0.01).挛缩症掌腱膜中环层小体的层数明显多于对照组(P<0.01).结论 环层小体的增大可能在掌腱膜挛缩症发病机制中具有重要作用.

  12. "Z"字成形术与游离植皮术治疗掌腱膜挛缩症的比较%Comparison of Z-shape plasty with free flap transplantation for treating Dupuytren's contracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛旦; 黄宗坚

    2007-01-01

    目的:讨论掌腱膜挛缩症的病因、发病机制及治疗方法.方法:总结和分析经手术治疗的掌腱膜挛缩症31例(46只手).行掌腱膜大部切除、手掌及手指挛缩皮肤"Z"字成形术9例(14只手),男8例,女1例;年龄24~78岁,平均(57.2±14.6)岁.行掌腱膜及受累皮肤一并切除加游离植皮术22例(32只手),男20例,女2例;年龄23~64岁,平均(53.7±8.9)岁.结果:随访3个月~14年,平均5年8个月.单纯掌腱膜切除组术后复发率为42.9%(6/14),掌腱膜切除加受累皮肤切除组术后复发率12.5%(4/32),两组术后复发率比较χ2=5.275,P<0.05(P=0.022),差异有显著性统计学意义.结论:彻底切除病变组织,有利于降低手术后的复发率.

  13. Half of the adults who present to hospital with stroke develop at least one contracture within six months: an observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwah, Li Khim; Harvey, Lisa A; Diong, Joanna H L; Herbert, Robert D

    2012-01-01

    What is the incidence of contractures six months after stroke? Can factors measured within four weeks of stroke predict the development of elbow, wrist, and ankle contractures six months later? Prospective cohort study. Consecutive sample of 200 adults with stroke admitted to a Sydney hospital. Loss of range of motion in major joints of the body was measured using a 4-point ordinal contracture scale. In addition, elbow extension, wrist extension, and ankle dorsiflexion range of motion were measured using torque-controlled procedures. Potential predictors of contracture were age, pre-morbid function, severity of stroke, muscle strength, spasticity, motor function, and pain. Measurements were obtained within four weeks of stroke and at six months after stroke. 52% of participants developed at least one contracture. Incidence of contracture varied across joints from 12% to 28%; shoulders and hips were most commonly affected. Muscle strength was a significant predictor of elbow, wrist, and ankle joint range. Prediction models explained only 6% to 20% of variance in elbow, wrist, and ankle joint range. About half of all patients with stroke develop at least one contracture within six months of stroke. Incidence of contractures across all joints ranged from 12% to 28%. Muscle strength is a significant predictor of elbow, wrist, and ankle contractures but cannot be used to accurately predict contractures in these joints. Copyright © 2012 Australian Physiotherapy Association. Published by .. All rights reserved.

  14. The impact of simulated ankle plantarflexion contracture on the knee joint during stance phase of gait: a within-subject study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Joan; Smith, Richard; Harvey, Lisa Anne; Moseley, Anne M; Chapparo, Joseph

    2014-04-01

    Ankle plantarflexion contractures are common in adults with neurological disorders and known to cause secondary gait deviations. However, their impact on the knee joint is not fully understood. The aims of this study are to describe the effect of simulated plantarflexion contractures on knee biomechanics during the stance phase and on the spatiotemporal characteristics of gait. Mild (10-degree plantarflexion) and severe (20-degree plantarflexion) ankle contractures were simulated in thirteen able-bodied adults using an ankle-foot-orthosis. A no contracture condition was compared with two simulated contracture conditions. There was an increase in knee extension, sometimes resulting in hyperextension, throughout stance for the two contracture conditions compared to the no contracture condition (mean increase in knee extension ranged from 5° to 9°; 95% CI 0° to 17°). At the same time, there were reductions in extension moment and power generation at the knee. Simulated plantarflexion contractures also reduced gait velocity, bilateral step length and cadence. All these changes were more pronounced in the severe contracture condition than mild contracture condition. While the majority of participants adopted a foot-flat pattern on landing and exhibited an increase in knee extension during stance, two participants used a toe-walking pattern and exhibited an increase in knee flexion. Ankle plantarflexion contractures are associated with an increase in knee extension during stance phase. However, some people with simulated ankle contractures may walk with an increase in knee flexion instead. Ankle plantarflexion contractures also adversely affect gait velocity, step length and cadence. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Influence of different degrees of bilateral emulated contractures at the triceps surae on gait kinematics: The difference between gastrocnemius and soleus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attias, M; Bonnefoy-Mazure, A; De Coulon, G; Cheze, L; Armand, S

    2017-07-31

    Ankle plantarflexion contracture results from a permanent shortening of the muscle-tendon complex. It often leads to gait alterations. The objective of this study was to compare the kinematic adaptations of different degrees of contractures and between isolated bilateral gastrocnemius and soleus emulated contractures using an exoskeleton. Eight combinations of contractures were emulated bilaterally on 10 asymptomatic participants using an exoskeleton that was able to emulate different degrees of contracture of gastrocnemius (biarticular muscle) and soleus (monoarticular muscle), corresponding at 0°, 10°, 20°, and 30° ankle plantarflexion contracture (knee-flexed and knee-extended). Range of motion was limited by ropes attached for soleus on heel and below the knee and for gastrocnemius on heel and above the knee. A gait analysis session was performed to evaluate the effect of these different emulated contractures on the Gait Profile Score, walking speed and gait kinematics. Gastrocnemius and soleus contractures influence gait kinematics, with an increase of the Gait Profile Score. Significant differences were found in the kinematics of the ankles, knees and hips. Contractures of soleus cause a more important decrease in the range of motion at the ankle than the same degree of gastrocnemius contractures. Gastrocnemius contractures cause greater knee flexion (during the stance phase) and hip flexion (during all the gait cycle) than the same level of soleus contractures. These results can support the interpretation of the Clinical Gait Analysis data by providing a better understanding of the effect of isolate contracture of soleus and gastrocnemius on gait kinematics. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. The role of two-sided splinting for recalcitrant paediatric post-burn hand flexion contracture: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasetyono, Toh; Caroline, I

    2017-07-01

    A 2-year-old boy presented to the plastic and reconstructive surgery outpatient clinic with bilateral post-burn hand flexion contracture. The contracture had been released twice elsewhere. The third surgical repair on one hand at a time was conducted by the author (TOHP). However, inadeq.uate compliance to the postoperative splinting and exercise led to the recurrence of the contracture in the following year. A customised two-sided splint was therefore created to ensure proper placement and compliance. Reinforcement to the parents to encourage the boy to practise active exercise on demand was also an integral part of the management. Good functional and cosmetic outcome were presented at 1-year follow-up. This case highlights the value of a two-sided splint for the management of post-burn hand flexion contracture in children whose compliance is inevitably cannot be guaranteed.

  17. Treatment of cervical contractures utilising a closed platysmotomy like approach: Case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haik, Josef; Prat, Daphna; Kornhaber, Rachel; Tessone, Ariel

    2016-09-01

    Contractures to the cervical region as a result of burns has the capacity to cause restrictions in range of movement, function of the lower face, cervical spine distortion and poor aesthetic outcomes that remain a surgical challenge. Consequently, physical and aesthetic deformities as a result of cervical contractures are reported to cause depression having implications for patients' quality of life and psychosocial wellbeing. At the time this research was conducted, there were no case reports describing a closed platysmotomy approach in burn patients. In this article, we review the literature surrounding closed platysmotomies and present what we believe to be the first reported case in the treatment of cervical contractures utilising a closed platysmotomy approach in a burns patient. A closed platysmotomy approach for the treatment of cervical contractures is a less invasive technique. Further investigation is warranted to determine the feasibility of this reconstructive approach in the area of burn scar management.

  18. Amount of Torque and Duration of Stretching Affects Correction of Knee Contracture in a Rat Model of Spinal Cord Injury

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Moriyama, Hideki; Tobimatsu, Yoshiko; Ozawa, Junya; Kito, Nobuhiro; Tanaka, Ryo

    2013-01-01

    ... impressions.Using an established T8 spinal cord injury rat model of knee contracture, we sought to determine what combination of static or intermittent stretching, varied by magnitude (high or low) and duration (long or short...

  19. RECONSTRUCTION OF SUPPLE SCAR OF POST BURN CONTRACTURE OF NECK BY Z - PLASTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subha Dhua

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Denonvilliers in 1856 was the first one to describe Z - plasty technique as a surgical co rrection for lower lid ectrpion and it was McCurdy who made the first reference to this technique in the American Literature in 1913 for treatment of contracture at the oral commissure. In 1929 Limberg came up with a more geometric description but geometri c details showing optimal angles and length were provided by Davis in 1946. 1 Z - Plasty is one of the most versatile and widely used technique after number of modifications namely multiple serial, 2 four - flap, 3 five - flap, 4,5 and six - flap, 6 double - opposing Z - p lasties, and other, less commonly used modifications. 7,8 These are not just theoretical extensions of the Z - Plasty, but practical and applicable procedures. Z - plasty was chosen in our studies to release contracture of the neck scar. In our case we have performed the release of contracture of the neck for improving functional and cosmetic appearance of post burn contracture of the neck. Through multiple Z - plasty techni que without excision of Supple Scar, it is possible to lengthen the contracted scars due to burns through changing the direction of the scar. This technique has helped to interrupt and break the scar for better camouflage. The paper describes correction of 20 post burn cases of scar contracture in the neck. The majority of the cases happen to be female who sustained flame burns while cooking. The major disability of limitation was of neck movement as well as of the lower jaw was effectively addressed throug h this technique by creating longer final gain in length of the contracted scar. The final results obtained by changing the direction of the scar and aligning it with the skin tension lines gave excellent camouflage and cosmetically acceptable outcome. Thi s technique has given the following advantages: Achieve good extension of the neck to normal. There is no chance of recurrence of contracture of neck

  20. Injection-induced gluteus muscle contractures: diagnosis with the "reverse Ober test" and surgical management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scully, William F; White, Klane K; Song, Kit M; Mosca, Vincent S

    2015-03-01

    Adoption rates are increasing in the United States and other developed countries. A large proportion of adopted children have been found to have unsuspected medical diagnoses, including orthopedic problems. One condition, termed injection-induced gluteus maximus contracture, has been previously described in several case series and can be difficult to diagnose if unfamiliar with this condition. By reviewing the etiology and pathoanatomy of this problem, as well as the typical examination findings, including the near-pathognomonic-positive "reverse Ober test," treating providers will be better prepared to recognize and properly treat this condition. This is a retrospective review of 4 patients treated at our institution for injection-induced gluteus maximus contracture. Patient history, physical examination findings, and treatment outcomes were recorded. All had undergone surgical treatment through a longitudinal incision along the posterior margin of the iliotibial band, with division of thickened, contracted gluteus tissue down to the ischial tuberosity. All 4 of the patients were adopted from orphanages in developing countries. Chief complaints of the patients varied, but physical examination findings were very consistent. Three of the 4 patients had undergone rotational osteotomies for presumed femoral retroversion before their diagnosis and treatment for injection-induced gluteus maximus contracture. All patients had concave, atrophic buttock contours and numerous punctate buttock scars. All walked with an out-toed gait and had marked apparent femoral retroversion. Each patient was found to have full hip adduction when the hip was extended but a hip abduction contracture when the hip was flexed. This finding of increasing abduction as an extended/adducted hip is flexed to 90 degrees is described as a positive "reverse Ober test." After surgical treatment, all hips could adduct to neutral from full extension to full flexion. Although common in some countries

  1. [Insertion of gluteus maximus tendo-chilles lengthening with Z-shaped for the treatment of severe gluteal muscle contracture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Huan-shi; Yang, Xiao-long

    2015-06-01

    To investigate clinical curative effects of gluteal muscle contracture release combined with insertion of gluteus maximus tendo-chilles lengthening with Z-shaped in treating severe gluteal muscles contracture. From 2006 May to 2011 May, 20 patients (35 sides) with severe gluteal muscle contracture were collected, including 12 males and 8 females, aged from 8 to 34 years old with an average of 13 years old; the courses of disease ranged from 3 to 21 years. All patients manifested abnormal gait at different degree, knees close together cannot squat,positive syndrome of Ober, positive test of alice leg. Gluteus contracture fascia release were performed firstly in operation, then insertion of tendo-chilles lengthening with Z-shaped were carried out. Preoperative and postoperative gait, and knee flexion hip extensor squat test, cross leg test, adduction and internal rotary activity of hip joint, stretch strength and motor ability after hip abduction were observed and compared. Twenty patients were followed up for 1 to 5 years. Gluteus maximus were released thoroughly, and snapping hip was disappeared, Ober syndrome were negative. There was significant differences in knee flexion hip extensor squat test, adduction and internal rotary activity of hip joint,stretch before and after operation (Pcontracture,insertion of gluteus maximus tendo-chilles lengthening with Z-shaped performed after gluteus contracture fascia release could release gluteal muscle contracture to the greatest extent and obtain postoperative curative effect without resection of normal hip muscle fibers and destroy joint capsule.

  2. Effect of stump flexion contracture with and without prosthetic alignment intervention towards postural stability among transtibial prosthesis users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghazali, M. F.; Razak, N. A. Abd; Abu Osman, N. A.; Gholizadeh, H.

    2017-06-01

    Knee flexion contracture on a stump side is a phenomenon in which the stump cannot move in normal range of motion (ROM) or cannot be fully extended. This study has been carried out by using Biodex Stability System (BSS) in order to investigate the effect of stump flexion contracture towards the postural stability among the transtibial prosthesis users with the intervention of alignment accommodation. The BSS provides the reading of anterior-posterior stability index (APSI), medial-lateral stability index (MLSI), and overall stability index (OSI). Higher reading of the index indicates lesser stability. Each of the subjects had been tested in three different sessions that were Visit 1 (before contracture improvement), Visit 2 (after contracture improvement without alignment readjustment), and Visit 3 (after contracture improvement with alignment readjustment). The APSI reading was significantly higher during Visit 2 compared to Visit 1 and Visit 3. The OSI during Visit 2 was also found significantly higher compared to Visit 3. In Visit 2, the degree of contracture was significantly improved with 44.1% less than Visit 1. The stability index in anterior-posterior aspect (APSI) was proven to be lower as the prosthetic alignment was adjusted according to the ROM of knee. This finding explained that the alignment set up based on the adaptation with the stump’s ROM can contribute positively in maintaining postural stability.

  3. An unusual case of rapidly progressive contractures: Case report and brief review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subasree R

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available An 8-year-old boy, diagnosed as cervical dystonia, was referred to our tertiary center. After a trivial trauma he had developed painful lumps in the axial region, which was followed by restricted movements of neck, shoulder, and abdominal muscles over 4 months. He had kyphoscoliosis, torticollis, rigid abdomen, and multiple muscle contractures. He also had short great toes. A detailed skeletal survey showed calcification in the soft tissues surrounding the shoulder anterior chest wall, thorax, and paraspinal muscles; there was also beaking of vertebrae, which was confirmed by CT thorax. This report showcases the diagnostic challenge posed by myositis ossificans progressiva, which can rarely cause rapidly progressing muscle contractures. A brief review of literature is also presented.

  4. Bethlem myopathy: An autosomal dominant myopathy with flexion contractures, keloids, and follicular hyperkeratosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aralikatte Onkarappa Saroja

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Bethlem myopathy and Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy form a spectrum of collagenopathies caused by genetic mutations encoding for any of the three subunits of collagen VI. Bethlem phenotype is relatively benign and is characterized by proximal dominant myopathy, keloids, contractures, distal hyperextensibility, and follicular hyperkeratosis. Three patients from a single family were diagnosed to have Bethlem myopathy based on European Neuromuscular Centre Bethlem Consortium criteria. Affected father and his both sons had slowly progressive proximal dominant weakness and recurrent falls from the first decade. Both children aged 18 and 20 years were ambulant at presentation. All had flexion contractures, keloids, and follicular hyperkeratosis without muscle hypertrophy. Creatinine kinase was mildly elevated and electromyography revealed myopathic features. Muscle imaging revealed severe involvement of glutei and vasti with "central shadow" in rectus femoris. Muscle biopsy in the father showed dystrophic changes with normal immmunostaining for collagen VI, sarcoglycans, and dysferlin.

  5. Distraction correction for flexion contractures of the fingers: A minimally invasive technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravishanker R

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Burns injuries account for over 2 million cases in our country. With over 75% of the patients sustaining injuries to the hands, post burn contractures of the finger are a very common condition presenting for treatment. Similarly trauma to the upper limbs, accounting for about a third of all injuries to the body also result in flexion deformities of the fingers. Standard treatment for these deformities is by way of surgical release of the contractures, skin cover with split skin grafting or full thickness grafts followed by prolonged immobilization and splintage. The relatively minimally invasive technique of distraction has been used in this small but representative series to correct flexion deformities caused by burns and other injuries. Results have been very gratifying.

  6. A Goniometry Paradigm Shift to Measure Burn Scar Contracture in Burn Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    position, policy or decision unless so designated by other documentation . Tacoma, WA 98402 REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188...tissue contractures goniometrically with the extent of CFU involvement. Specific Aim 3: To statistically document the influence that adjacent joint...Z39.18 15 Sep 2014 - 14 Sep 2015 80 Table of Contents Page 1. Introduction 5 2. Keywords 5 3. Accomplishments 5 4. Impact 11 5. Changes/Problems 12

  7. RECONSTRUCTION OF SUPPLE SCAR OF POST BURN CONTRACTURE OF NECK BY Z - PLASTY

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Denonvilliers in 1856 was the first one to describe Z - plasty technique as a surgical co rrection for lower lid ectrpion and it was McCurdy who made the first reference to this technique in the American Literature in 1913 for treatment of contracture at the oral commissure. In 1929 Limberg came up with a more geometric description but geometri c details showing optimal angles and length were provided by Davis in 1946. 1 Z - Plasty is one of the most versat...

  8. PERIPHERAL APPLICATION OF REPETITIVE PULSE MAGNETIC STIMULATION ON JOINT CONTRACTURE FOR MOBILITY RESTORATION: CONTROLLED RANDOMIZED STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efthimios J. Kouloulas

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Joint contracture is a limitation in the passive or active range of motion (ROM of a joint, where in addition to the mobility limiting factor the pain is also present. Repetitive pulsed Magnetic Stimulation (rPMS appears to be an effective, non-invasive and safety solution for treating this condition. Therefore aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of rPMS in treating joint contracture. Methods: 30 subjects with joint contracture in the knee were enrolled in this study and divided respectively into Treatment and Control group. The treatment group were delivered with rPMS therapy. The control group was delivered with conventional physiotherapy method (ultrasound. The primary outcome measurements were: 1. Mobility evaluation by goniometry (ROM in degrees while performing flexion and Patient Functional Assessment Questionnaire (PFAQ for ability to perform Activities of Daily Living (ADL and 2. Pain evaluation by 10-point Visual Analog Scale (VAS for pain perception. Absence of adverse events was set as a secondary measure. Results: The results of the study show statistical difference (p<0.05 between the levels of improvement of all studied parameters while comparing between both groups. The results suggest greater immobility restoration and pain relieving effect of the rPMS in comparison to conventional physiotherapy method. Conclusion: rPMS an effective and safe non-invasive method for mobility restoration and pain relief in case of joint contractures. This study suggests the method as beneficial and quality of life ameliorating among patients suffering from immobilized joints accompanied by pain.

  9. [EFFECTIVENESS OF DIFFERENT FLAPS FOR REPAIR OF SEVERE PALM SCAR CONTRACTURE DEFORMITY].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Mengru; Xiao, Haitao; Wang, Huaisheng; Liu, Xiaoxue; Chen, Junjie; Cen, Ying

    2016-03-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of different flaps for repair of severe palm scar contracture deformity. Between February 2013 and March 2015, thirteen cases of severe palm scar contracture deformity were included in the retrospective review. There were 10 males and 3 females, aged from 14 to 54 years (mean, 39 years). The causes included burn in 9 cases, hot-crush injury in 2 cases, chemical burn in 1 case, and electric burn in 1 case. The disease duration was 6 months to 6 years (mean, 2.3 years). After excising scar, releasing contracture and interrupting adherent muscle and tendon, the soft tissues and skin defects ranged from 6.0 cm x 4.5 cm to 17.0 cm x 7.5 cm. The radial artery retrograde island flap was used in 2 cases, the pedicled abdominal flaps in 4 cases, the thoracodorsal artery perforator flap in 2 cases, the anterolateral thigh flap in 1 case, and the scapular free flap in 4 cases. The size of flap ranged from 6.0 cm x 4.5 cm to 17.0 cm x 7.5 cm. All flaps survived well. Venous thrombosis of the pedicled abdominal flaps occurred in 1 case, which was cured after dressing change, and healing by first intention was obtained in the others. The mean follow-up time was 8 months (range, 6-14 months). Eight cases underwent operation for 1-3 times to make the flap thinner. At last follow-up, the flaps had good color, and the results of appearance and function were satisfactory. Severe palm scar contracture deformity can be effectively repaired by proper application of different flaps.

  10. Non-ablative fractional resurfacing in the treatment of scar contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finney, Robert; Torbeck, Richard; Saedi, Nazanin

    2016-02-01

    A 28-year-old female presented with extensive scarring after a traumatic injury to her right lower extremity. She had been hit by a vehicle one year prior to presentation and had several open fractures with extensive overlying cutaneous damage, which required multiple surgeries and skin grafts. She had limited range of motion of the affected limb secondary to scar contracture. The patient received 6 treatments with a non-ablative fractional resurfacing (NAFR) device with two wavelengths (Fraxel DUAL, Solta Medical, Hayward, CA) spaced 4-8 weeks apart. The patient received two treatments with the 1927 nm NAFR thulium laser (10 mJ, 30% density, 8 passes) and two treatments with the 1550 nm NAFR laser (40 mJ, 17-26% density, 8 passes). Before and after treatment photographs were taken, as well as range of motion measurements with respect to her right ankle. The patient had 50-75% improvement in the texture and discoloration. There was both subjective and objective improvement in the range of motion of her right lower extremity. The patient experienced mild erythema and edema, both of which resolved after 7-10 days. Recent studies have shown great functional improvement in scar contractures with ablative fractional laser treatments; however, these treatments are accompanied by significant downtime along with risk of further scarring and infection. NAFR is an accessible treatment with a low side effect profile and to our knowledge has not been reported as efficacious in the treatment of scar contracture. This case report is novel in its demonstration of the utility of a dual wavelength NAFR in the treatment of scar contracture and functional impairment. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Prolonged blockade of the brachial plexus for the early rehabilitation of children with posttraumatic elbow contractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. V. Zabolotsky

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Improvement of surgical treatment outcomes in children with post-traumatic elbow contractures. Materials and methods. The study is based on the diagnostic findings of 48 children with post-traumatic elbow contractures who were treated at the Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics. All children underwent complex rehabilitation after reconstructive intra-articular surgery to work out passive motions in the elbow using ARTROMOT-E2 device. The patients of the study group started rehabilitation in the first days after reconstructive intra-articular surgery in the background of prolonged blockade of the brachial plexus. In the control group, the rehabilitation was carried out traditionally on the 6th day after surgery without regional anesthesia. The patients of the study group were supplied with Contiplex SU perinural catheters for prolonged blockade of the brachial plexus using ultrasound (Edge SonoSite and neurostimulation (Stimuplex® HNS12 before surgery. For perioperative blockade of the brachial plexus we used intermittent injection of 0.5% ropivacaine (2 mg / kg. The severity of pain at the stages of rehabilitation was assessed using 10-point grading scale (FPS-R. The range of active and passive motions in the joints was evaluated by measuring the range of motions with a fleximeter. Results. Intermittent injection of ropivacaine before rehabilitation allowed to correct post-traumatic elbow contractures in children in the first days after surgery associated with the minimum subjective pain level and stable hemodynamic parameteres, accompanied with a significant increase of the elbow motion range in comparison with the group of the patients who were not performed regional anesthesia . Conclusion. Prolonged blockade of the brachial plexus in rehabilitation treatment of children with post-traumatic contractures provides appropriate analgesic and myoneural block components from the 1st day after intra

  12. Roles of TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway in pathogenesis and development of gluteal muscle contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xintao; Ma, Yukun; You, Tian; Tian, Xiaopeng; Zhang, Honglei; Zhu, Qi; Zhang, Wentao

    2015-02-01

    Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) is a chronic fibrotic disease of gluteal muscles which is characterized by excessive deposition of collagen in the extracellular matrix. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-βs have been shown to play an important role in the progression of GMC. However, the underlying mechanisms are not entirely clear. We sought to explore the expression of TGF-β/Smad pathway proteins and their downstream targets in gluteal muscle contracture disease. The expression levels of collagens type I/III, TGF-β1, Smad2/3/4/7 and PAI-1 (plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1) in gluteal muscle contraction (GMC) patients were measured using immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot assays. The expressions of collagens type I/III and TGF-β1 were significantly increased in the contraction band compared with unaffected muscle. In addition, R-Smad phosphorylation and Smad4 protein expression in the contraction band were also elevated, while the expression of Smad7 was significantly decreased in the fibrotic muscle of the GMC patients compared to the unaffected adjacent muscle. The protein and mRNA levels of PAI-1 were also remarkably increased in the contraction band compared with adjacent muscle. Immunohistochemical analysis also demonstrated that the expression levels of TGF-β1 and PAI-1 were higher in contraction band than those in the adjacent muscle. Our data confirm the stimulating effects of the TGF-β/Smad pathway in gluteal muscle contracture disease and reveal the internal changes of TGF-β/Smad pathway proteins and their corresponding targets in gluteal muscle contracture patients.

  13. Electrophysiological and histological changes in extrinsic muscles proximal to post burn contractures of hand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharya, V; Purwar, Shammi; Joshi, D; Kumar, M; Mandal, S; Chaudhuri, G R; Bhattacharya, S

    2011-06-01

    Burn scar hand contractures of variable degree are frequently encountered. Although the forearm is apparently spared, it was clinically observed that there was disuse atrophy in the unburnt extrinsic forearm muscles. Usually the clinicians do not give much importance to this fact. The girth at the midforearm was significantly reduced as compared to normal side. The flexion of the hand joints are governed by two components (a) intrinsic and (b) extrinsic muscles. The intrinsic muscles are directly involved in the contracted tissue. Therefore it was thought essential to evaluate the extrinsic group of muscles for their contribution in the final functional recovery following corrective surgery. Thirty patients having unilateral post thermal burn contracture sparing forearm were studied. A detailed clinical evaluation was made including grade of contracture and reduction in the forearm girth. The forearm unburnt muscles were evaluated by preoperative electrophysiological studies. Intraoperative biopsies were taken from these muscles for histopathological examination. On histopathological examination, there were significant abnormal changes in the form of muscle fiber atrophy, fibrolipomatous tissue replacement of atrophic muscle fibers and sarcolemmal changes. These changes were directly proportional to the severity of contractures. The electrophysiological studies showed proportionate changes in the form of reduction in amplitude, duration and interference. This study suggests that if these changes are mild and in reversible stage, they will favourably affect the functional recovery following surgery. However if these changes are of severe grade and irreversible, in spite of adequate surgery, splinting and physiotherapy, the functional recovery may not be complete. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

  14. Occurrence and severity of upper eyelid skin contracture in facial nerve palsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziahosseini, K; Venables, V; Neville, C; Nduka, C; Patel, B; Malhotra, R

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To describe the occurrence and severity of upper eyelid skin contracture in facial nerve palsy (FNP). Methods We enroled consecutive patients with unilateral FNP into this study. Patients with previous upper eyelid surgery for either side were excluded. We developed a standardised technique to measure the distance between the upper eyelid margin and the lower border of brow (LMBD). FNP was graded using the Sunnybrook grading scale. Its aetiology, duration, and treatment were noted. Upper and lower marginal reflex distance and lagophthalmos were also noted. Results Sixty-six patients (mean age 51 years) were included. FNP was owing to a variety of aetiologies. LMBD on the paralytic side was shorter than the normal contralateral side in 47 (71%), equal in 15 (23%), and larger in four (6%) patients. The mean contracture was 3.4 mm (median: 3, range: 1–12) with 11 (17%) patients showing 5 mm or more of skin contracture. The mean LMBD on the paralytic side in all patients was significantly smaller than the contralateral side; 30±3.7 (median: 30; 95% CI 29–31) compared with 32±3.7 (median: 32; 95% CI 32–33), respectively, P<0.0001, two-tailed paired t-test. Conclusion To our knowledge, this is the first study that quantitatively demonstrates contraction of the upper eyelid skin in FNP. This finding is valuable in directing optimal early management to minimise skin contracture and to caution surgeons against unnecessary upper eyelid skin excision. PMID:26939561

  15. An unusual case of rapidly progressive contractures: Case report and brief review

    OpenAIRE

    Subasree R; Panda Samhita; Pal Pramod; Ravishankar S

    2008-01-01

    An 8-year-old boy, diagnosed as cervical dystonia, was referred to our tertiary center. After a trivial trauma he had developed painful lumps in the axial region, which was followed by restricted movements of neck, shoulder, and abdominal muscles over 4 months. He had kyphoscoliosis, torticollis, rigid abdomen, and multiple muscle contractures. He also had short great toes. A detailed skeletal survey showed calcification in the soft tissues surrounding the shoulder anterior chest wall, thorax...

  16. A Goniometry Paradigm Shift to Measure Burn Scar Contracture in Burn Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    cost extension has been granted to extend the study period to September 14, 2017. Standard Goniometry (SG) Position to Measure Wrist Extension 42...1 AD______________ AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-2-0148 TITLE: A Goniometry Paradigm Shift to Measure Burn Scar Contracture in Burn Patients...subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO

  17. [Demonstration of the impossibility of simultaneous Dupuytren and Destot fractures in the result of the car-pedestrian collision].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gusarov, A A; Fetisov, V A; Kucheryavets, Yu O

    2016-01-01

    This article reports the results of the commission forensic medical expertise undertaken to evaluate the possibility of severe injury to the ankle joint resulting from the road traffic accident as exemplified by the collision of a VAS 21043 car moving backward with a pedestrian. It was shown that the injury to the victim's right lower leg included the tear of the right crural deltoid ligament, the open communicated fracture of the lower third of fibular diaphysis with the displacement of the distal fragment, the lacerated wound in the lower third of the right leg, the rupture of distal tibiofibular synedesmosis, the closed communicated fracture of the posterior edge of the tibia without displacement, and outward subluxation of the right foot. According to the classification accepted in orthopedics , this variant of the injury to the ankle joint is a combination of the classical «complete» Dupuytren fracture and the Destot-type fracture. The analysis of the mechanism underlying formation of such injury has shown that it was a consequence of the indirect injurious action in the absence of the primary impact without the car running over the victim's leg.

  18. Blocking collagen fibril formation in injured knees reduces flexion contracture in a rabbit model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steplewski, Andrzej; Fertala, Jolanta; Beredjiklian, Pedro K; Abboud, Joseph A; Wang, Mark L Y; Namdari, Surena; Barlow, Jonathan; Rivlin, Michael; Arnold, William V; Kostas, James; Hou, Cheryl; Fertala, Andrzej

    2017-05-01

    Post-traumatic joint contracture is a frequent orthopaedic complication that limits the movement of injured joints, thereby severely impairing affected patients. Non-surgical and surgical treatments for joint contracture often fail to improve the range of motion. In this study, we tested a hypothesis that limiting the formation of collagen-rich tissue in the capsules of injured joints would reduce the consequences of the fibrotic response and improve joint mobility. We targeted the formation of collagen fibrils, the main component of fibrotic deposits formed within the tissues of injured joints, by employing a relevant rabbit model to test the utility of a custom-engineered antibody. The antibody was delivered directly to the cavities of injured knees in order to block the formation of collagen fibrils produced in response to injury. In comparison to the non-treated control, mechanical tests of the antibody-treated knees demonstrated a significant reduction of flexion contracture. Detailed microscopic and biochemical studies verified that this reduction resulted from the antibody-mediated blocking of the assembly of collagen fibrils. These findings indicate that extracellular processes associated with excessive formation of fibrotic tissue represent a valid target for limiting post-traumatic joint stiffness. © 2016 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 35:1038-1046, 2017. © 2016 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Occurrence and severity of upper eyelid skin contracture in facial nerve palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziahosseini, K; Venables, V; Neville, C; Nduka, C; Patel, B; Malhotra, R

    2016-05-01

    PurposeTo describe the occurrence and severity of upper eyelid skin contracture in facial nerve palsy (FNP).MethodsWe enroled consecutive patients with unilateral FNP into this study. Patients with previous upper eyelid surgery for either side were excluded. We developed a standardised technique to measure the distance between the upper eyelid margin and the lower border of brow (LMBD). FNP was graded using the Sunnybrook grading scale. Its aetiology, duration, and treatment were noted. Upper and lower marginal reflex distance and lagophthalmos were also noted.ResultsSixty-six patients (mean age 51 years) were included. FNP was owing to a variety of aetiologies. LMBD on the paralytic side was shorter than the normal contralateral side in 47 (71%), equal in 15 (23%), and larger in four (6%) patients. The mean contracture was 3.4 mm (median: 3, range: 1-12) with 11 (17%) patients showing 5 mm or more of skin contracture. The mean LMBD on the paralytic side in all patients was significantly smaller than the contralateral side; 30±3.7 (median: 30; 95% CI 29-31) compared with 32±3.7 (median: 32; 95% CI 32-33), respectively, Pcontracture and to caution surgeons against unnecessary upper eyelid skin excision.

  20. Percutaneous quadriceps tendon pie-crusting release of extension contracture of the knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, H X; Wen, H; Hu, Y Z; Yu, H C; Pan, X Y

    2014-05-01

    To release extension contracture of the knee, the authors used a minimally invasive technique: percutaneous quadriceps tendon pie-crusting release. Percutaneous pie-crusting release was performed using an 18-gauge needle to puncture the stiff fibrous band of the distal and lateral quadriceps tendon under maximum knee flexion. Quadriceps contracture was gradually released by multiple needle punctures. A knee brace was prescribed for one week and knee flexion exercises were performed on the first postoperative day. This technique was performed in seven post-traumatic stiff knees and five stiff total knee arthroplasties. Mean maximum flexion increased from 37° preoperatively to 50° after arthrolysis and 107(o) after pie-crusting. At a mean follow-up of eight months, mean maximum flexion was 103°. There were no major complications. The technique of quadriceps tendon pie-crusting release is a simple, minimally invasive and effective treatment for knee extension contracture. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Using transurethral Ho:YAG-laser resection to treat urethral stricture and bladder neck contracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bo, Juanjie; Dai, Shengguo; Huang, Xuyuan; Zhu, Jing; Zhang, Huiguo; Shi, Hongmin

    2005-07-01

    Objective: Ho:YAG laser had been used to treat the common diseases of urinary system such as bladder cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia in our hospital. This study is to assess the efficacy and safety of transurethral Ho:YAG-laser resection to treat the urethral stricture and bladder neck contracture. Methods: From May 1997 to August 2004, 26 cases of urethral stricture and 33 cases of bladder neck contracture were treated by transurethral Ho:YAG-laser resection. These patients were followed up at regular intervals after operation. The uroflow rate of these patients was detected before and one-month after operation. The blood loss and the energy consumption of holmium-laser during the operation as well as the complications and curative effect after operation were observed. Results: The therapeutic effects were considered successful, with less bleeding and no severe complications. The Qmax of one month postoperation increased obviously than that of preoperation. Of the 59 cases, restenosis appeared in 11 cases (19%) with the symptoms of dysuria and weak urinary stream in 3-24 months respectively. Conclusions: The Ho:YAG-laser demonstrated good effect to treat the obstructive diseases of lower urinary tract such as urethral stricture and bladder neck contracture. It was safe, minimal invasive and easy to operate.

  2. Reconstruction of Postburn Contracture of the Forefoot Using the Anterolateral Thigh Flap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sang Hyun; An, Sung Jin; Kim, Nu Ri; Kim, Um Ji; Kim, Jeung Il

    2016-12-01

    Severe forefoot deformities, particularly those involving the dorsum of the foot, cause inconvenience in daily activities of living including moderate pain on the dorsal aspect of the contracted foot while walking and difficulty in wearing nonsupportive shoes due to toe contractures. This paper presents clinical results of reconstruction of severe forefoot deformity using the anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap. Severe forefoot deformities were reconstructed using ALT flaps in 7 patients (8 cases) between March 2012 and December 2015. The mean contracture duration was 28.6 years. All the flaps survived completely. The size of the flaps ranged from 8 cm × 5 cm to 19 cm × 8 cm. The mean follow-up period was 10 months (range, 7 to 15 months). There was no specific complication at both the recipient and donor sites. There was one case where the toe contracture could not be completely treated after surgery. All of the patients were able to wear shoes and walk without pain. Also, the patients were highly satisfied with cosmetic results. The ALT flap may be considered ideal for the treatment of severe forefoot deformity.

  3. Adolescent scar contracture scoliosis caused by back scalding during the infantile period

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, S. F.; Wang, B.; Wu, L.; Zhu, F.

    2007-01-01

    The study design was a retrospective study in adolescent scar contracture scoliosis caused by back scalding during the infantile period. The objective of the study was to investigate the pathogenesis, clinical manifestation and treatment of adolescent scar contracture scoliosis caused by back scalding during the infantile period. This condition seldom occurs and is not reported in current English literature. One patient was first treated with skin expansion, back scar excision and skin flap transfer, followed by anterior correction with TSRH instrumentation. Two patients were first treated with back scar excision and anterior spinal release. One patient was treated with posterior correction with TSRH instrumentation, and thoracoplasty was performed after 50 days in halo-wheelchair traction. The other patient was treated with posterior correction with TSRH instrumentation. No management of scalding was performed on the fourth patient. Anterior release and posterior correction were performed at an interval of 3 weeks. The deformities of four patients were well corrected. Trunk balance was restored and the pelvis leveled. The skin incision wounds healed well. Minor loss of correction was recorded during the last follow-up. Severe scar contracture caused by back scalding during the infantile period could lead to adolescent scoliosis. Its pathogenesis and clinical manifestation are different from the typical adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The treatment of this kind of scoliosis should be individualized. PMID:17497186

  4. Effects of cortisone acetate, methylprednisolone and medroxyprogesterone on wound contracture and epithelization in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenco, W; Mcknight, M; Macdonald, A S

    1975-01-01

    Standardized flank wounds were made on 20 rabbits divided into the following five groups: Group 1 served as controls, Group 2 were given cortisone acetate 6.25 mg/kg/day (I.M.), Group 3--methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol) 1 mg/kg/day, Group 4--medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera) 35 mg/kg/day, Group 5--methylprednisolone 1 mg/kg/day and medroxyprogresterone 35 mg/kg/day. Wound contracture and epithelization was measured by planimetry of photographs taken twice weekly; weekly weights were recorded, and the maturation phase of wound healing followed in the control and methylprednisolone groups. All three steroids prolonged the latent phase of wound healing, slowed the rate and decreased the total amount of contracture. Cortisone showed the most inhibition of wound contracture and was the only steroid to inhibit epithelization suggesting it may have a slightly different or more potent mode of action. When the methylprednisolone group was followed for seven weeks on daily injections, the maturation phase of wound healing was inhibited, and this inhibition persisted during the next nine weeks after the drug was withdrawn. Only the control and the medroxyprogesterone group gained weight. Combining medroxyprogesterona and methylprednisolone resulted in the severest weight loss of 20% with a 60% mortality. PMID:1119869

  5. Primary abductor hip contracture as diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic problem in child hip pathology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pajić Miloš

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Coxa obliqua represents a special functional entity in the pathology of the child hip. Authors have confirmed the results of S.L. Weissman and B. Strinovic which claimed that the abductor contracture of the hip was a primary congenital condition that developed as a result of intrauterine malposition, leading later to the contralateral adductor contracture. Critical period for the development of complications was between 6 and 8 month after birth, adductor contracture might keep persisting together with the development of acetabular dysplasia, and later on with ipsilateral subluxation. This malformation has usually been diagnosed within 3 and 6 months of age. It could be connected with some other signs of malposition, such as plagiocephaly, torticollis or infantile thoracic C scoliosis. For the diagnosis of coxa obliqua, the examination of hips in the prone position was very important and the ultrasonic and radiological examinations were crucial. The applied treatment used to be exclusively physical rehabilitation. Wide diapering has been contraindicated. In this study, we included 2,500 newborns, 1,300 boys and 1,200 girls (5,000 hips. In 22 cases of coxa obliqua (10‰, the excellent results were obtained in 96% of cases. In two unsuccessfully treated cases, a contralateral dysplasia developed, and in one untreated, subluxation. The authors are advocating a systematic and early detection and treatment of the primary coxa obliqua. .

  6. Evaluation of plantar flexion contracture contribution during the gait of children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudreault, Nathaly; Gravel, Denis; Nadeau, Sylvie

    2009-06-01

    Because of extensor weakness, children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) maintain internal flexion moments at the joints of the lower extremities when they walk. We believe that at the ankle, the plantar flexion moments caused by contractures may contribute significantly to the production of the net ankle flexion moment during the gait in these children. The goal of the present study is to quantify ankle plantar flexion passive moments that may be associated with the presence of flexion contractures and to estimate their contribution to the net moment during the gait of children with DMD. Kinematic and kinetic parameters were collected during gait of eleven subjects with DMD. Ankle plantar flexion passive moments were also measured experimentally during the same session. Fourteen control children participated in the study in order to have normal reference values. The presence of ankle plantar flexion contractures in children with DMD was reflected by a rigidity coefficient obtained at a common moment of -7 Nm that was higher for these children (0.75 Nm/degrees vs. 0.48 Nm/degrees; p<0.05). The relative passive moment contribution to the net plantar flexion moments was higher for the children with DMD at the end of the lengthening phase of the plantar flexors (25% vs. 18%; p<0.05). We believe that the passive moments can compensate for the presence of progressive muscle weakness in the children with DMD and help these children with gait.

  7. Preventing heel pressure ulcers and plantar flexion contractures in high-risk sedated patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, Tina R

    2010-01-01

    An intervention using heel pressure ulcer and plantar flexion contracture prevention protocols for high-risk patients was established to promote earlier recognition of heel skin issues and provide effective prevention of both conditions. Fifty-three patients who were sedated, managed in an intensive care unit for 5 days or more, and had a Braden Scale score of 16 or less were treated with heel protector devices that maintained the foot in a neutral position and floated the heel off the bed. On admission to the intensive care unit, heel skin assessment and the Braden Scale were administered to all patients. Initial ankle range of motion was measured with a goniometer on admission and before the application of the heel protector. Goniometric measurements were documented every other day. Heel assessments and the Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Sore Prevention and Ramsay Sedation Scale scores were recorded in every shift and recorded as part of the study every other day. Measurements continued until the patient was transferred, the heel protector boot was discontinued by the physician, or the patient's Braden Scale score rose above 16. Application of the heel protectors led to a 50% reduction in prevalence of abnormal heel position. No patients developed plantar flexion contractures or new heel ulcers. Patients with normal heels had significantly higher Braden Scale scores compared to those with abnormal heels (P 5 .0136). Despite their high risk, no patients using the heel protector device developed a heel pressure ulcer or plantar flexion contracture.

  8. Avaliação do tratamento cirúrgico da doença de Dupuytren pela técnica da palma aberta modificada

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Objetivo: avaliar o tratamento cirúrgico com o uso da técnica da palma aberta modificada para o tratamento das contraturas graves da doença de Dupuytren. Métodos: em quatro anos, foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico 16 pacientes, que pertenciam aos estágios III e IV da classificação proposta por Tubiana et al. Foram feitas aferições do déficit de extensão das articulações metacarpofalangeanas e inferfalangeana proxima...

  9. [Experiments on the mechanism of action of vascular spasmolytic agents. II. Action of nitroprusside sodium, nitroglycerin, prenylamine and verapamil on the lanthanum contracture of isolated coronary arteries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fermum, R; Klinner, U; Meisel, P

    1976-01-01

    On isolated coronary arteries of cattle, lanthanum causes after preceding calcium depletion by EGTA a contracture which is independent of the presence of extracellular calcium. Nitroprusside sodium and nitroglycerol act on this contracture strongly relaxing in the same concentrations that were active on the potassium contracture. In contrast, a very low spasmolytic effect is demonstrable for verapamil on the lanthanum contracture, and prenylamine is without any statistically significant influence. Nitroprusside sodium and nitroglycerol and act by a mechanism entirely different from that of verapamil and prenylamine.

  10. [EFFECTIVENESS OF DEEP INFERIOR EPIGASTRIC ARTERY PERFORATOR FLAP FOR REPAIR OF PERINEAL AND PERIANAL CICATRICIAL CONTRACTURE].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Liping; You, Xiaobo; Tang, Kuangyun; Fu, Rong

    2015-08-01

    To discuss the effectiveness of deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap to repair perineal and perianal cicatricial contracture. Between March 2007 and December 2013, 23 patients with perineal and perianal cicatricial contracture were treated with deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap. There were 15 males and 8 females, aged from 21 to 62 years (mean, 42 years). Burn depth was III degree. The burning scars involved in the fascia, even deeper, which was rated as peripheral type (mild stenosis of the anal region and perianal cicatricial contracture) in 13 cases and as central type (severe stenosis of the anal region and anal canal with shift or defect of external genitalia) in 10 cases. All patients had limited hip abduction and squatting. Repair operation was performed at 3 months to 2 years (mean, 6 months) after wound healing. The size of soft tissue defects ranged from 10 cmx6 cm to 28 cm x 13 cm after scar excision and release. The size of flaps ranged from 12 cmx7 cm to 30 cmx15 cm. The donor site was sutured directly in 16 cases and repaired by autograft of skin in 7 cases. The flap had distal necrosis, distal cyanosis, and spotted necrosis in 1 case, 2 cases, and 1 case respectively, which were cured after symptomatic treatment; the other flaps survived and wound healed primarily. Twenty-one patients were followed up 6 months to 2 years (mean, 1 year). Nineteen patients had good appearance of the perinea and position of external genitalia, normal function of defecation function; stenosis of the anal region was relived, and the flaps had good texture and elasticity. Linear scar contracture was observed at the edge of flap in 2 cases, and the appearance of the perineum was restored after Z plasty. The hip abduction reached 30-40°. No abdominal hernia was found at donor site. Deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap has stable blood supply and flexible design, which is similar to the perianal and perineal tissues. The good effectiveness

  11. Early results of surgical intervention for elbow deformity in cerebral palsy based on degree of contracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Michelle G; Hearns, Krystle A; Inkellis, Elizabeth; Leach, Michelle E

    2012-08-01

    Elbow flexion posture, caused by spasticity of the muscles on the anterior surface of the elbow, is the most common elbow deformity seen in patients with cerebral palsy. This study retrospectively evaluated early results of 2 surgical interventions for elbow flexion deformities based on degree of contracture. We hypothesized that by guiding surgical treatment to degree of preoperative contracture, elbow extension and flexion posture angle at ambulation could be improved while preserving maximum flexion. Eighty-six patients (90 elbows) were treated for elbow spasticity due to cerebral palsy. Seventy-one patients (74 elbows) were available for follow-up. Fifty-seven patients with fixed elbow contractures less than 45° were surgically treated with a partial elbow muscle lengthening, which included partial lengthening of the biceps and brachialis and proximal release of the brachioradialis. Fourteen patients (17 elbows) with fixed elbow contractures ≥ 45° had a more extensive full elbow release, with biceps z-lengthening, partial brachialis myotomy, and brachioradialis proximal release. Age at surgery averaged 10 years (range, 3-20 y) for partial lengthening and 14 years (range, 5-20 y) for full elbow release. Follow-up averaged 22 months (range, 7-144 mo) for partial lengthening and 18 months (range, 6-51 mo) for full elbow release. Both groups achieved meaningful improvement in flexion posture angle at ambulation, active and passive extension, and total range of motion. Elbow flexion posture angle at ambulation improved by 57° and active extension increased 17° in the partial lengthening group, with a 4° loss of active flexion. In the full elbow release group, elbow flexion posture angle at ambulation improved 51° and active extension improved 38°, with a loss of 19° of active flexion. Surgical treatment of spastic elbow flexion in cerebral palsy can improve deformity. We obtained excellent results by guiding the surgical intervention by the amount of

  12. Temporal gene expression profiling of the rat knee joint capsule during immobilization-induced joint contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Kayleigh; Sun, Fangui; Trudel, Guy; Sebastiani, Paola; Laneuville, Odette

    2015-05-26

    Contractures of the knee joint cause disability and handicap. Recovering range of motion is recognized by arthritic patients as their preference for improved health outcome secondary only to pain management. Clinical and experimental studies provide evidence that the posterior knee capsule prevents the knee from achieving full extension. This study was undertaken to investigate the dynamic changes of the joint capsule transcriptome during the progression of knee joint contractures induced by immobilization. We performed a microarray analysis of genes expressed in the posterior knee joint capsule following induction of a flexion contracture by rigidly immobilizing the rat knee joint over a time-course of 16 weeks. Fold changes of expression values were measured and co-expressed genes were identified by clustering based on time-series analysis. Genes associated with immobilization were further analyzed to reveal pathways and biological significance and validated by immunohistochemistry on sagittal sections of knee joints. Changes in expression with a minimum of 1.5 fold changes were dominated by a decrease in expression for 7732 probe sets occurring at week 8 while the expression of 2251 probe sets increased. Clusters of genes with similar profiles of expression included a total of 162 genes displaying at least a 2 fold change compared to week 1. Functional analysis revealed ontology categories corresponding to triglyceride metabolism, extracellular matrix and muscle contraction. The altered expression of selected genes involved in the triglyceride biosynthesis pathway; AGPAT-9, and of the genes P4HB and HSP47, both involved in collagen synthesis, was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Gene expression in the knee joint capsule was sensitive to joint immobility and provided insights into molecular mechanisms relevant to the pathophysiology of knee flexion contractures. Capsule responses to immobilization was dynamic and characterized by modulation of at least three

  13. Reconstruction of cervical scar contracture using axial thoracic flap based on the thoracic branch of the supraclavicular artery.

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    Ma, Xianjie; Li, Yang; Wang, Lu; Li, Weiyang; Dong, Liwei; Xia, Wei; Su, Yingjun

    2014-09-01

    Cervical scar contracture causes both physical and psychological distress for burn patients. Many pedicle flaps or skin grafting have been suggested for reconstruction of cervical scar contracture with variable results in the literature. The authors present the axial thoracic flap based on the thoracic branch of the supraclavicular artery (TBSA) for reconstruction of cervical scar contracture. Postburn scar contractures in anterior neck region of 66 patients had been reconstructed with the axial pattern thoracic flaps based on the TBSA, including 1 expanded and 10 nonexpanded pedicle flaps, and 9 expanded and 46 nonexpanded island pedicle flaps, during 1988 through 2012. After removing and releasing the cervical scar contracture, the flap was designed in the thoracic region. The axial artery of the flap is the TBSA bifurcating from the intersection point of sternocleidomastoid muscle and omohyoid muscle with several concomitant veins as the axial veins. The flap can be designed in a large area within the borders of the anterior border of the trapezius muscle superiorly, the middle part of the deltoid muscle laterally, the midsternal line medially, and the level 3 to 4 cm below nipples inferiorly. After incisions were made along the medial, inferior, and lateral border, dissection was performed toward the pedicle. Donor site was closed directly in expanded cases and with skin grafting in nonexpanded cases. Cervical scar contractures were repaired with good functional and cosmetic results in 64 cases among this cohort. Flap tip necrosis in other 2 cases, caused by postoperative hematoma, was repaired by skin grafting. The color and texture of all flaps were fitted with those of the surrounding skin. The donor sites all healed primarily. The flap sensation in the thoracic region regained in the early stage postoperatively and that in cervical area recovered completely after 6 months according to the report of the patients. With reliable blood supply based on the

  14. Molecular landscape of arthrofibrosis: Microarray and bioinformatic analysis of the temporal expression of 380 genes during contracture genesis.

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    Morrey, Mark E; Abdel, Matthew P; Riester, Scott M; Dudakovic, Amel; van Wijnen, Andre J; Morrey, Bernard F; Sanchez-Sotelo, Joaquin

    2017-04-30

    Inflammatory changes are suspected in the pathophysiology of arthrofibrosis formation and require early molecular examination. Here, we assessed the hypothesis that early inflammatory genes are related to arthrofibrosis by ascertaining gene expression during the early stages of contracture genesis in an animal model. Joint trauma was incited surgically in a cohort of rabbits (n=36) knees followed by immobilization in a model of contracture. Six groups of 6 rabbits were sacrificed at multiple time points (0, 6, 12, 24, 72h and 2weeks). Microarray expression and RT-qPCR profiling were performed to determine genes that are significantly up or downregulated. Bioinformatic analysis was carried out to understand which biological programs and functional groups of genes are modulated in arthrofibrosis. Gene expression profiling revealed a large number biologically relevant genes (>100) that are either upregulated or downregulated by at least a 1.5 fold (log2) during the first two weeks after joint injury during contracture development. Gene ontology analysis identified molecular pathways and programs that act during the course of fibrosis and joint contracture. Our main finding is that the development of contractures occur concomitant with modulation of genes mediating inflammatory responses, ECM remodeling and the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. The genesis of joint contracture reflects an imbalance between pro- and anti-fibrotic expression. Our study indicates that inflammatory genes may be involved in the process of contracture genesis and initiated at relatively early stages. Our findings also may inform clinical practice in the future by suggesting potential therapeutic targets in preventing the long-term development of arthrofibrosis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Serial casting versus stretching technique to treat knee flexion contracture in children with spina bifida: a comparative study.

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    Al-Oraibi, S; Tariah, Hashem Abu; Alanazi, Abdullah

    2013-01-01

    Severe knee contractures that develop soon after muscle imbalance may not improve with stretching exercises and splinting. An alternative treatment is serial casting, which has been used to promote increased range of motion. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of using serial casting and passive stretching approaches to treat knee flexion contracture in children with spina bifida. In a pre/post randomized controlled study, ten participants were included in the serial casting group, while eight participants were included in the passive stretching intervention group. The degree of knee extension was measured at baseline, immediately after intervention, and at a one-year follow-up using a standard goniometer. Both groups showed significant improvements in the degree of flexion contracture at the post-treatment evaluation and the follow-up evaluation. The serial casting group showed significant improvements in knee flexion contracture at the post-treatment evaluation, t (9)=13.4, p contracture at the post-treatment evaluation, t (7) =2.6, p contracture were found at the immediate post-treatment evaluation, F(1, 15)=246, p=0.0001, and the one-year follow-up evaluation, F (1, 15)=51.5, p=0.0001. The outcomes of this study provide the first evidence that serial casting may be a useful intervention in treating knee flexion contracture in children with spina bifida. However, further investigations into serial casting, as well as investigations into the use of serial casting with other interventions, are warranted.

  16. Lentivirus-Mediated ERK2 siRNA Reduces Joint Capsule Fibrosis in a Rat Model of Post-Traumatic Joint Contracture

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    Cunyi Fan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK-2 is presumed to play an important role in the development of post-traumatic joint contractures. Using a rat injury model, we investigated whether treatment with ERK2 small interfering RNA (siRNA could reduce the extent of joint capsule fibrosis after an induced injury. Rats were separated into three groups (n = 32 each: non-operated control group, operated contracture group and contracture-treatment group. Stable post-traumatic joint contracture was created through surgical intra-articular joint injury followed by eight weeks of immobilization. In the contracture-treatment group, the rats were treated with lentivirus (LV-mediated ERK2 siRNA at days 3 and 7 post-surgery. The posterior joint capsule was assessed by western blotting, immunohistochemistry and biochemical analysis for changes in ERK2, phosphorylated (p-ERK2, myofibroblast, total collagen and relative collagen Type III expression level. Biomechanical testing was used to assess the development of flexion contractures. Statistical analysis was performed using an analysis of variance. In the operated contracture group, rats that developed flexion contractures also showed elevated phosphorylated p-ERK2 expression. In the contracture-treatment group, ERK2 siRNA significantly reduced p-ERK2 expression levels, as well as the severity of flexion contracture development (p < 0.01. Myofibroblast numbers and measurements of total collagen content were also significantly reduced following ERK2 siRNA (p < 0.01. Relative collagen type III expression as a proportion of total of Types I and III collagen, however, was significantly increased in response to ERK2 siRNA (p < 0.01. Our findings demonstrate a role for ERK2 in the induction of joint capsule fibrosis after injury. Furthermore, we show that development of flexion contractures and the resultant increase of joint capsule fibrosis can be reduced by LV-mediated ERK2 siRNA treatment.

  17. Severe Spastic Contractures and Diabetes Mellitus Independently Predict Subsequent Minimal Trauma Fractures Among Long-Term Care Residents.

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    Lam, Kuen; Leung, Man Fuk; Kwan, Chi Wai; Kwan, Joseph

    2016-11-01

    The study aimed to examine the epidemiology of hypertonic contractures and its relationship with minimal trauma fracture (MTF), and to determine the incidence and predictors of (MTF) in long-term care residents. This was a longitudinal cohort study of prospectively collected data. Participants were followed from March 2007 to March 2016 or until death. A 300-bed long-term care hospital in Hong Kong. All long-term care residents who were in need of continuous medical and nursing care for their activities of daily living. Information on patients' demographic data, severe contracture defined as a decrease of 50% or more of the normal passive range of joint movement of the joint, and severe limb spasticity defined by the Modified Ashworth Scale higher than grade 3, medical comorbidities, functional status, cognitive status, nutritional status including body mass index and serum albumin, past history of fractures, were evaluated as potential risk factors for subsequent MTF. Three hundred ninety-six residents [148 males, mean ± standard deviation (SD), age = 79 ± 16 years] were included for analysis. The presence of severe contracture was highly prevalent among the study population: 91% of residents had at least 1 severe contracture, and 41% of residents had severe contractures involving all 4 limbs. Moreover, there were a significant proportion of residents who had severe limb spasticity with the elbow flexors (32.4%) and knee flexors (33.9%) being the most commonly involved muscles. Twelve residents (3%) suffered from subsequent MTF over a median follow-up of 33 (SD = 30) months. Seven out of these 12 residents died during the follow-up period, with a mean survival of 17.8 months (SD = 12.6) after the fracture event. The following 2 factors were found to independently predict subsequent MTF in a multivariate Cox regression: bilateral severe spastic knee contractures (hazard ratio = 16.5, P contractures are common morbidities in long-term care residents

  18. Avaliação do tratamento cirúrgico da doença de Dupuytren pela técnica da palma aberta modificada

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    Thiago Almeida Guilhen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: avaliar o tratamento cirúrgico com o uso da técnica da palma aberta modificada para o tratamento das contraturas graves da doença de Dupuytren. Métodos: em quatro anos, foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico 16 pacientes, que pertenciam aos estágios III e IV da classificação proposta por Tubiana et al. Foram feitas aferições do déficit de extensão das articulações metacarpofalangeanas e inferfalangeana proximal e distal nos períodos pré-operatório, pós-operatório (três meses e pós-operatório tardio (cinco a oito anos. Angulações maiores do que 30° nas articulações metacarpofalangeanas e 15° nas interfalangeanas proximais foram consideradas como recidiva cirúrgica. Resultados: obtivemos uma média de déficit de extensão de 6,3° ao nível da articulação metacarpofalangeana, 13,8° na interfalangeana proximal e 1,9° na interfalangeana distal. Conclusão: a técnica da palma aberta modificada é um método eficaz no tratamento cirúrgico das contraturas graves na doença de Dupuytren.

  19. Proposition of a protocol to evaluate upper-extremity functional deficits and compensation mechanisms: application to elbow contracture.

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    Fradet, Laetitia; Liefhold, Beate; Rettig, Oliver; Bruckner, Thomas; Akbar, Michael; Wolf, Sebastian I

    2015-03-01

    Instrumented gait analysis is widely accepted as an objective assessment of lower-extremity function. Conversely, upper-extremity function suffers from lack of objective evaluation. The present paper aims at proposing a protocol to be used to clinically and objectively evaluate upper-extremity function whatever the pathological joint. Secondly, it aims at better understanding the consequences on upper-extremity function and the compensation mechanisms induced by elbow contracture. Elbow contracture was simulated in this study by using a brace. Twelve healthy subjects followed an instrumented 3D movement analysis while performing 11 daily life movements. The movements were performed with 3 different elbow contracture conditions, simulated by wearing an adjustable elbow brace. The proposed protocol was successful in creating a wide range of motion at all the upper-extremity joints. The activity-related range of motion and the mean range of motion computed on the whole set of daily life movements were effective in evaluating the severity of elbow contracture. The lack of elbow flexion was compensated by trunk flexion, hand flexion and radial deviation, and combined movement of shoulder flexion, abduction, and humeral internal rotation. Deficit in elbow extension was mainly compensated by the use of trunk flexion. A protocol could be proposed for the objective evaluation of upper-extremity function. Its application to elbow contracture suggests that loss of elbow flexion affects more movements than loss of elbow extension.

  20. Hamstring contractures in children with spastic cerebral palsy result from a stiffer extracellular matrix and increased in vivo sarcomere length.

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    Smith, Lucas R; Lee, Ki S; Ward, Samuel R; Chambers, Henry G; Lieber, Richard L

    2011-05-15

    Cerebral palsy (CP) results from an upper motoneuron (UMN)lesion in the developing brain. Secondary to the UMNl esion,which causes spasticity, is a pathological response by muscle - namely, contracture. However, the elements within muscle that increase passive mechanical stiffness, and therefore result in contracture, are unknown. Using hamstring muscle biopsies from pediatric patients with CP (n =33) and control (n =19) patients we investigated passive mechanical properties at the protein, cellular, tissue and architectural levels to identify the elements responsible for contracture. Titin isoform, the major load-bearing protein within muscle cells, was unaltered in CP. Correspondingly, the passive mechanics of individual muscle fibres were not altered. However, CP muscle bundles, which include fibres in their constituent ECM, were stiffer than control bundles. This corresponded to an increase in collagen content of CP muscles measured by hydroxyproline assay and observed using immunohistochemistry. In vivo sarcomere length of CP muscle measured during surgery was significantly longer than that predicted for control muscle. The combination of increased tissue stiffness and increased sarcomere length interact to increase stiffness greatly of the contracture tissue in vivo. These findings provide evidence that contracture formation is not the result of stiffening at the cellular level, but stiffening of the ECM with increased collagen and an increase of in vivo sarcomere length leading to higher passive stresses.

  1. Effectiveness of rosiglitazone in reducing flexion contracture in a rabbit model of arthrofibrosis with surgical capsular release

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    Barlow, J. D.; Morrey, M. E.; Hartzler, R. U.; Arsoy, D.; Riester, S.; van Wijnen, A. J.; Morrey, B. F.; Sanchez-Sotelo, J.

    2016-01-01

    Aims Animal models have been developed that allow simulation of post-traumatic joint contracture. One such model involves contracture-forming surgery followed by surgical capsular release. This model allows testing of antifibrotic agents, such as rosiglitazone. Methods A total of 20 rabbits underwent contracture-forming surgery. Eight weeks later, the animals underwent a surgical capsular release. Ten animals received rosiglitazone (intramuscular initially, then orally). The animals were sacrificed following 16 weeks of free cage mobilisation. The joints were tested biomechanically, and the posterior capsule was assessed histologically and via genetic microarray analysis. Results There was no significant difference in post-traumatic contracture between the rosiglitazone and control groups (33° (standard deviation (sd) 11) vs 37° (sd14), respectively; p = 0.4). There was no difference in number or percentage of myofibroblasts. Importantly, there were ten genes and 17 pathways that were significantly modulated by rosiglitazone in the posterior capsule. Discussion Rosiglitazone significantly altered the genetic expression of the posterior capsular tissue in a rabbit model, with ten genes and 17 pathways demonstrating significant modulation. However, there was no significant effect on biomechanical or histological properties. Cite this article: M. P. Abdel. Effectiveness of rosiglitazone in reducing flexion contracture in a rabbit model of arthrofibrosis with surgical capsular release: A biomechanical, histological, and genetic analysis. Bone Joint Res 2016;5:11–17. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.51.2000593 PMID:26813567

  2. Type-1 Collagen differentially alters β-catenin accumulation in primary Dupuytren's Disease cord and adjacent palmar fascia cells

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    Gan Bing

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dupuytren's Disease (DD is a debilitating contractile fibrosis of the palmar fascia characterised by excess collagen deposition, contractile myofibroblast development, increased Transforming Growth Factor-β levels and β-catenin accumulation. The aim of this study was to determine if a collagen-enriched environment, similar to in vivo conditions, altered β-catenin accumulation by primary DD cells in the presence or absence of Transforming Growth Factor-β. Methods Primary DD and patient matched, phenotypically normal palmar fascia (PF cells were cultured in the presence or absence of type-1 collagen and Transforming Growth Factor-β1. β-catenin and α-smooth muscle actin levels were assessed by western immunoblotting and immunofluorescence microscopy. Results DD cells display a rapid depletion of cellular β-catenin not evident in patient-matched PF cells. This effect was not evident in either cell type when cultured in the absence of type-1 collagen. Exogenous addition of Transforming Growth Factor-β1 to DD cells in collagen culture negates the loss of β-catenin accumulation. Transforming Growth Factor-β1-induced α-smooth muscle actin, a marker of myofibroblast differentiation, is attenuated by the inclusion of type-1 collagen in cultures of DD and PF cells. Conclusion Our findings implicate type-1 collagen as a previously unrecognized regulator of β-catenin accumulation and a modifier of TGF-β1 signaling specifically in primary DD cells. These data have implications for current treatment modalities as well as the design of in vitro models for research into the molecular mechanisms of DD.

  3. The effects of denervation, reinnervation, and muscle imbalance on functional muscle length and elbow flexion contracture following neonatal brachial plexus injury.

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    Weekley, Holly; Nikolaou, Sia; Hu, Liangjun; Eismann, Emily; Wylie, Christopher; Cornwall, Roger

    2012-08-01

    The pathophysiology of paradoxical elbow flexion contractures following neonatal brachial plexus injury (NBPI) is incompletely understood. The current study tests the hypothesis that this contracture occurs by denervation-induced impairment of elbow flexor muscle growth. Unilateral forelimb paralysis was created in mice in four neonatal (5-day-old) BPI groups (C5-6 excision, C5-6 neurotomy, C5-6 neurotomy/repair, and C5-T1 global excision), one non-neonatal BPI group (28-day-old C5-6 excision), and two neonatal muscle imbalance groups (triceps tenotomy ± C5-6 excision). Four weeks post-operatively, motor function, elbow range of motion, and biceps/brachialis functional lengths were assessed. Musculocutaneous nerve (MCN) denervation and reinnervation were assessed immunohistochemically. Elbow flexion motor recovery and elbow flexion contractures varied inversely among the neonatal BPI groups. Contracture severity correlat