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Sample records for duhuo jisheng tang

  1. Is Duhuo Jisheng Tang containing Xixin safe? A four-week safety study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Pau-Chung

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Though the nephrotoxicity and carcinogenicity of aristolochic acid (AA are known, its safety in clinical usage is not clear. This study aims to evaluate the safety of Duhuo Jisheng Tang (DJT in a four-week study to treat osteoarthritis (OA of the knee. Methods A qualitative and quantitative investigations on DJT were conducted. A list of adverse events (AEs, complete blood counts, and liver and kidney function tests were measured for participants with knee OA at their scheduled hospital visits. Each detected AEs was independently assessed for severity and causality by site investigators (Chinese medical doctors and study nurses. Results A total of 71 eligible subjects were included in the clinical study where 287 AEs were reported. DJT did not contain detectable aristolochic acid (AA under thin-layer chromatography (TLC analysis and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS. There were no significant changes in liver or kidney functions. Conclusion In four-week use of DJT, no renal tubular damage, no severe incidences of AEs and adverse drug reactions (ADRs were observed. The present study obtained safety data from active surveillance of DJT.

  2. Duhuo Jisheng Tang for treating osteoarthritis of the knee: a prospective clinical observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Jung-Der

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of degenerative arthritis of the knee. The purpose of this study is to evaluate both the efficacy and safety of a finished Chinese herbal preparation Duhuo Jisheng Tang (DJT in reducing symptoms of degenerative osteoarthritis of the knee. Methods A prospective follow-up study was carried out in two hospitals in Taipei between April and October 2005. Sixty-eight osteoarthritis patients, with symptoms diagnosed by radiologists, received DJT at a rate of 2.5 g, twice daily for four weeks. Baseline scores were measured on the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC index, followed by further measures at the end of weeks 1, 2 and 4. The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL assessment was undertaken as a secondary outcome, with pattern identification questionnaires being adopted. Regression models were constructed to explore the score differences between the baseline and at weeks 2 and 4 by various determinants including age, gender, body mass index (BMI, severity at baseline, use of rescue medication, aversion to cold and flaccidity of the lower back and knees. Results Among the 68 participants, there were statistically significant reductions in the WOMAC index scores for pain, stiffness and physical functioning in the second and fourth weeks, with effects first appearing during week 2. By week 4, the mean WOMAC index scores had fallen from 22.2 (± 19.2 to 16.1 (± 16.2 for pain, from 28.1 (± 24.9 to 18.5 (± 20.3 for stiffness, and from 22.6 (± 18.0 to 18.2 (± 17.8 for physical functioning, while the global score for pain under the visual analogue scale (VAS was reduced from 38.7 (± 21.5 to 27.8 (± 19.8. Conclusion In the treatment of degenerative osteoarthritis of the knee, a 4-week therapy with the Chinese herbal preparation DJT reduced pain and stiffness and improved physical functioning, but it was

  3. 口服独活寄生汤治疗腰椎间盘突出症椎间孔镜术后感觉异常%Oral application of Duhuo Jisheng Tang(独活寄生汤)for treatment of paresthesia after transforaminal endo-scopic discectomy in patients with lumbar disk herniation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾琼; 柴旭斌; 钟炜钰

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical curative effect of oral application of Duhuo Jisheng Tang(独活寄生汤,DHJST)for the treatment of paresthesia after transforaminal endoscopic discectomy in patients with lumbar disk herniation(LDH).Methods:Sixty patients with paresthesia after transforaminal endoscopic discectomy were randomly divided into 2 groups and were treated with oral application of DHJST(DHJST group)and mecobalamine capsule(mecobalamine capsule group)respectively.After 4-week treatment,the lower limb pain were evaluated by using pain visual analogue scale(VAS),and the lower limb numbness were evaluated by using Nylon rope experiment, and the lumbar function were evaluated by using Oswestry disability index(ODI)questionnaires,and the clinical curative effects were evalu-ated by using improved MacNab standard.Results:There was no statistical difference in the VAS scores,ODI scores and Nylon rope experi-ment scores between the 2 groups before the treatment(6.36+/-1.52 vs 6.03+/-1.48 points,t=0.080,P=0.936;28.33 +/-5.20 vs 28.03+/-5.42 points,t=0.219,P=0.828;0.85 +/-0.33 vs 0.88+/-0.23 points,t=0.395,P=0.694).After 4-week treatment,the VAS scores and ODI scores were lower in DHJST group compared to mecobalamine capsule group(2.74+/-1.63 vs 4.69+/-0.92 points, t=-3.299,P=0.002;11.67+/-9.14 vs 18.80+/-4.87 points,t=-4.369,P=0.001),and the Nylon rope experiment scores were higher in DHJST group compared to mecobalamine capsule group(1.65 +/-0.33 vs 0.95 +/-0.35 points,t=3.472,P=0.008).Ten pa-tients obtained an excellent result,9 good,8 fair and 3 poor in DHJST group;while 5 patients obtained an excellent result,14 good,7 fair and 4 poor in mecobalamine capsule group.The DHJST group surpassed the mecobalamine capsule group in the total curative effect(Z=-1.996,P=0.046).Conclusion:Oral application of DHJST can effectively relieve the paresthesia after transforaminal endoscopic discecto-my in patients with LDH and improve the life quality of the patients,and it

  4. 独活寄生汤治疗腰椎间盘突出症随机对照试验的系统评价%Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of Duhuo Jisheng Decoction for Lumbar Disc Herniation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马彦旭; 张翔; 孟开; 黄明华

    2012-01-01

    目的 运用系统综述的方法评价独活寄生汤治疗腰椎间盘突出症的疗效和安全性.方法 检索PubMed数据库、中国学术期刊全文数据库、中文科技期刊全文数据库、中国生物医学文献数据库、中文生物医学期刊数据库.纳入独活寄生汤单独使用或独活寄生汤联合牵引、针灸、推拿、拔罐、西医治疗与牵引、针灸、推拿、拔罐、西医治疗比较的随机对照试验.根据资料提取表进行资料提取,并采用Cochrane协作网的质量评价标准及其提供的软件RevMan 5.1进行资料分析.结局的效应指标为临床疗效有效率、视觉模拟评分(VAS)以及不良反应.结果 共纳入29篇研究涉及3179例腰椎间盘突出症患者,所有纳入的文献质量偏低.独活寄生汤单独使用,独活寄生汤联合牵引、针灸、推拿、拔罐、西医治疗与牵引、针灸、推拿、拔罐、西医治疗临床疗效有效率比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);VAS评分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05或P<0.01).未见有明显不良反应.结论 独活寄生汤单独使用或者联合其他疗法可改善腰椎间盘突出症患者临床症状,但试验研究方法学方面亟待提高.%Objective To observe the therapeutic effect and safety of Duhuo Jisheng Decoction (Pubescent Angelica and Mistletoe Decoction) for lumbar disc herniation. Methods PubMed, China National Knowledge Internet, VIP database, China Biology Medicine disc and Chinese Medical Current Contents were searched. The randomized clinical trials of Duhuo Jisheng Decoction or combined with other therapies such as traction, acupuncture, massage, cupping and western medicine treatment were included as compared with other therapies. The data was extracted according to the data extraction form and the data was analyzed with the quality evaluation criteria of the Cochrane Collaboration and software RevMan5. 1. The outcome was evaluated according to the relief rate of

  5. Treating88 cases of lumbar disc herniation with the Duhuo Jisheng decoction plus traction%独活寄生汤加减配合腰椎牵引治疗腰椎间盘突出症88例体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛凤玲; 陈宝林; 谢书堂

    2016-01-01

    腰椎间盘突出症是临床最常见的腰痛之一,主要表现为腰腿痛伴下肢放射痛,给患者的日常生活带来极大的影响。笔者在临床工作中应用独活寄生汤加减配合腰椎牵引治疗腰椎间盘突出症,取得了较好的疗效。%Lumbar disc herniation is the most common back pain in clinic; the main symptom was low back pain plus sciatica, took a tremendous impact on the patient’s daily life. The Duhuo Jisheng decoction plus traction was applied in treating LDH by the author, showed a good effect.

  6. [Herbal textual research on origin and development of traditional Chinese medicine "duhuo" and "qianghuo"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, Feng; Yuan, Yuan; Hao, Jin-Da; Huang, Lu-Qi

    2014-09-01

    To clarify the origin and development of the traditional Chinese medicine "Duhuo" and "Qianghuo" with medicinal literatures. Medical literatures of past dynasties were analysed and combined with the modern material. The "Duhuo" in Herbal writing Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing include traditional Chinese medicine "Duhuo" and "Qianghuo", "Qianghuo" was separated from "Duhuo" due to the distinguish of clinical application. The origin of "Qianghuo" is Notopterygium incisum and N. forbesii, However, The origin of "Duhuo" is very complex, Angelica pubescens f. biserrata as authentic "Duhuo" was used from Song Dynasty. "Qianghuo" was originated from "Duhuo".

  7. Duhuo Jisheng Tang on Patella Cartilage of Chondromalacia of Patella and IL-1, MMP-1, GAG in Patellar Joint Fluid%独活寄生汤对髌骨软化症髌骨软骨及膝关节液中IL-1,MMP-1,GAG的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯小波; 朱思刚

    2015-01-01

    目的:独活寄生汤对髌骨软化症髌骨软骨及膝关节液中白细胞介素-1(interleukin-1,IL-1),金属蛋白酶-1(metalloproteinase-1,MMP-1)及硫酸葡糖氨基聚糖(sulfate glycosaminoglycan,GAG)的影响.方法:将本院收治的86例髌骨软化症患者随机分为实验组43例和对照组43例.对照组患者行西医常规治疗,实验组患者行独活寄生汤口服及局部熏洗治疗.评价两组患者的临床治疗效果及核磁共振成像(Magnetic resonance imaging,MRI)关节软骨损害分级下各级的疗效;同时,于患者治疗前后,分别检测并对比分析患者膝关节液中IL-1,MMP-1,GAG指标水平.结果:实验组患者临床治疗的总有效率为88.37%,对照组为67.44%,两组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).实验组和对照组内,MRI关节软骨损害Ⅰ,Ⅱ级患者临床治疗总有效率均高于Ⅲ,Ⅳ级患者(均P<0.05).治疗后,实验组患者关节液中IL-1,MMP-1指标水平均低于对照组(均P< 0.05),平均GAG指标水平高于对照组(P<0.05).结论:独活寄生汤治疗髌骨软化症的临床疗效较西医常规治疗显著,其可能通过对膝关节液中IL-1表达水平的调节,抑制MMP-1的激活及GAG的降解,从而起到对关节软骨的修复和保护作用.同时,MRI关节软骨损害分级下Ⅰ,Ⅱ级时期为患者临床治疗的最佳时期.

  8. Observational Studies on Evaluating the Safety and Adverse Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Jung-Nein Lai; Jin-Ling Tang; Jung-Der Wang

    2013-01-01

    Background. This study aims to share our experiences when carrying out observational studies of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Methods. We have proactively monitored the safety profiles of Duhuo Jisheng Tang (DJT), Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT), and TMN-1. A list of adverse events (AEs), complete blood counts, and liver and kidney function tests were obtained from the participants during their scheduled hospital visits. Retrospective observational studies were conducted based on the reimburse...

  9. Muhai Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    MUHAI Tang’s name has a poetic nuance - the sea bathed in the sun’s golden rays, and is usually associated with sailing, sunrise, and things of beauty. In 1983, at the invitation of Karajan, he conducted the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. Since then he has frequently been invited to conduct various world famous orchestras. In 2001, on New Year’s Eve, Muhai Tang conducted the New Year’s

  10. Er tang fremtidens superfood?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holdt, Susan Løvstad

    tangen, samt ekstrakter, men også indenfor de specifikke indholdsstoffer, såsom pigmenter, polysaccharider, pigmenter, polyphenoler eller fedtsyrerne. Tang indeholder stort set alt vi har brug for, dog ikke nok kalorier til at vi ville kunne leve udelukkende af tang! Så lad os få det på spisebordet og i...

  11. [Identification of yougui and jisheng shenqi pills with FTIR and EDS fingerprint spectra by new visual comparison].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Li-Shuang; Zou, Hua-Bin; Tian, Fang; Du, Ai-Qin; Dong, Feng-Juan; Zhang, Xin-Ling

    2011-09-01

    FTIR combined with EDS fingerprint spectra was first applied to the identification of two kind of traditional Chinese compound formulae-Yougui pill and Jisheng shenqi pills, which have the similar composition The IR FPS of extraction of two kinds of pills extracted with chloroform were measured by liquid membrane method. The exclusively characteristic peak groups of these two kinds of formulae were theoretically established based on the Shapiro-Wilk W testing method,and the characteristic radicals and compound species corresponding to each characteristic peak were determined. Meanwhile, EDS fingerprint spectra of the two kinds of original powders were also measured which can reflect the element species and content information. Based on the three kinds of information (characteristic peak groups, radicals and compound species, different elements), Yougui and Jisheng shenqi pills were identified quickly, precisely and reliably. In this method, infrared fingerprint spectra possess the similar ability with chromatograph fingerprint spectra in identification of traditional Chinese compound formulae. The results show that the new visual comparison method is suitable for identifying traditional Chinese compound formulae with the same dosage-form and similar composition.

  12. Conservation in the Chang Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    George; B.Schaller

    2008-01-01

    Mr.George B.Schaller is from Wildlife Conservation Society,he had been to Qinghai-Tibet Plateau many times to conduct a wildlife survey.The follows is his point view on northern Tibet,namely Chang Tang.

  13. 独活寄生汤对佐剂性关节炎大鼠的抗炎镇痛作用及血清中5-HTP,5-HIAA的影响%Anti-inflammatory and Analgesic Effects and Change of Serum 5-HTP and 5-HIAA by Duhuo Jisheng Decoction on Adjuvant Arthritis Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    车萍; 季旭明; 梁粟; 张颖颖; 韩涛

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察独活寄生汤对佐剂性关节炎模型大鼠免疫器官脏器系数和血清中5-羟色氨酸(5-HTP)和5-羟吲哚乙酸(5-HIAA)含量的影响.方法:实验设对照组、模型组、阿司匹林组(0.20 g·kg-1)、独活寄生汤低、中、高剂量组(0.85,1.7,3.4 g·kg-1);除对照组外,其余各组左后肢踝关节腔注射完全弗氏佐剂(FCA)制作佐剂性关节炎模型.ig给药14 d,对照组及模型组灌服羧甲基纤维素钠(CMC-Na).ELISA法测定血清中5-HTP和5-HIAA的含量.结果:独活寄生汤能显著增加大鼠胸腺质量,明显降低佐剂性关节炎大鼠血清中5-HTP和5-HIAA的含量,与模型组比较有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:独活寄生汤对大鼠起到抗炎镇痛的作用,其作用机制可能与降低大鼠血清5-HTP和5-HIAA有关.

  14. Hoia ja keela / Mati Tang, Anne Oolup

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tang, Mati

    2006-01-01

    AS Tallinna Lennujaama plaan pikendada Kuressaare lennujaama lennurada elamukvartali suunas on leidnud vastuseisu maandumiskoridori alla jääva Marientali linnaosa elanikes. Arvamust avaldavad Kuressaare lennujaama juhataja M. Tang ja Kuressaare elanik A. Oolup

  15. Hoia ja keela / Mati Tang, Anne Oolup

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tang, Mati

    2006-01-01

    AS Tallinna Lennujaama plaan pikendada Kuressaare lennujaama lennurada elamukvartali suunas on leidnud vastuseisu maandumiskoridori alla jääva Marientali linnaosa elanikes. Arvamust avaldavad Kuressaare lennujaama juhataja M. Tang ja Kuressaare elanik A. Oolup

  16. The Silk Road and Tang Prosperity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUOJIANYING

    2003-01-01

    THE dance drama, Along theSilk Road, returned to the Beijing stage for the 2003 Chinese New Year celebrations, to as enthusiastic a receptionas when it was first performed 24years ago. Set in the heyday of theTang Dynasty, the drama celebrates the grotto art of Dunhuang and gorgeous Tang finery. With the ancient Silk Road as a back-drop, its stories extol the love, humanity, and friendship of this essentially open era.

  17. Treatment of Chronic Bronchitis with Modified Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang and Er Chen Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱颖; 刘晓东

    2004-01-01

    @@ Chronic bronchitis is a disease commonly seen in the clinic. The authors have treated 78 cases of the disease with modified Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang (麻杏石甘汤 Decoction of Ephedra, Armeniacae Amarum, Glycyrrhizae and Gypsum Fibrosum) plus Er Chen Tang (二陈汤 Two Old Drugs Decoction). The results were satisfactory and reported as follows.

  18. Tang Jiaxuan Becomes President of CJFA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>At the council meeting of the China-Japan Friendship Association (CJFA) held in Beijing on March 15, Tang Jiaxuan was elected as the new president, while Song Jian became honorary president. In his speech, Tang noted that, over the past 40 years since the normalization of diplomatic relations between China and Japan, with concerted efforts by the governments and people of all walks of life, the bilateral relationship had witnessed remarkable development with exchanges and cooperation in various fields reaching an unprecedented level.

  19. Étang donné

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sjef Houppermans

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available L’étang aux grèbes qui figure dans L’Étoile au front, pièce de théâtre de Raymond Roussel datant de 1924, cache non seulement un précieux trésor, mais est également une parfaite mise en abyme de sa poétique, où l’homonymie et les doubles occupent le premier rang. L’étang donné, l’équation se devine. Marcel Duchamp était surtout fasciné par le ver roussellien des Impressions d’Afrique, roman de 1910,  qu’il mit à toutes les sauces. Pourtant son dernier chef d’œuvre, Étant donnés, installation qu’il a construite entre 1946 et 1966, pourrait bien se connecter avec le fameux étang. Pour varier les perspectives on aboutira à certains collages.

  20. Observational studies on evaluating the safety and adverse effects of traditional chinese medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Jung-Nein; Tang, Jin-Ling; Wang, Jung-Der

    2013-01-01

    Background. This study aims to share our experiences when carrying out observational studies of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Methods. We have proactively monitored the safety profiles of Duhuo Jisheng Tang (DJT), Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT), and TMN-1. A list of adverse events (AEs), complete blood counts, and liver and kidney function tests were obtained from the participants during their scheduled hospital visits. Retrospective observational studies were conducted based on the reimbursement database of the National Health Insurance system, Taiwan, to explore the relationship between the use of TCM that have been adulterated by aristolochic acid and the risk from both nephrotoxins and carcinogens. Results. A total of 221, 287, and 203 AEs were detected after SZRT, DJT, and TMN-1 had been taken, respectively. Dizziness, headache, stomach ache, and diarrhea were judged to be probably related to SZRT treatment. Retrospective observational studies found an association between the consumption of aristolochic acid-containing Chinese formulae such as Mu Tong and an increased risk of CKD, ESRD, and urinary tract cancer. Conclusion. Prospective and retrospective observational studies seem to have specific advantages when investigating the safety and adverse effects of TCM therapies, as well as possibly other alternative/complementary therapies.

  1. Observational Studies on Evaluating the Safety and Adverse Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung-Nein Lai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. This study aims to share our experiences when carrying out observational studies of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM. Methods. We have proactively monitored the safety profiles of Duhuo Jisheng Tang (DJT, Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT, and TMN-1. A list of adverse events (AEs, complete blood counts, and liver and kidney function tests were obtained from the participants during their scheduled hospital visits. Retrospective observational studies were conducted based on the reimbursement database of the National Health Insurance system, Taiwan, to explore the relationship between the use of TCM that have been adulterated by aristolochic acid and the risk from both nephrotoxins and carcinogens. Results. A total of 221, 287, and 203 AEs were detected after SZRT, DJT, and TMN-1 had been taken, respectively. Dizziness, headache, stomach ache, and diarrhea were judged to be probably related to SZRT treatment. Retrospective observational studies found an association between the consumption of aristolochic acid-containing Chinese formulae such as Mu Tong and an increased risk of CKD, ESRD, and urinary tract cancer. Conclusion. Prospective and retrospective observational studies seem to have specific advantages when investigating the safety and adverse effects of TCM therapies, as well as possibly other alternative/complementary therapies.

  2. Four factors Constituting Friendly Tang-Tubo Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WuFengzhen; ChenQuan

    2003-01-01

    During the 200 or more years of Tang-Tubo bilateral relations, and despite the wars that often occurred owing to conflict between the ruling classes of each side, harmony and friendliness nevertheless prevailed. So what were the reasons behind this friendly Tang-Tubo relationship? This article attempts to generalize four factors and briefly discuss each one.

  3. Tongqiao Huoxue Tang and Buyang Huanwu Tang for Treatment of Vascular Dementia -A report of 36 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘传珍; 周丽华; 水正

    2003-01-01

    @@ To study the effects of Tongqiao Huoxue Tang (通窍活血汤) and Buyang Huanwu Tang (补阳还五汤) onvascular dementia (VaD), 36 VaD patients in thetreatment group were treated with the two decoctions,which were compared with 28 cases in a controlgroup treated with Duxil.

  4. The female images in the tang dynasty painting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳丽霞

    2014-01-01

    the tang dynasty is the most prosperous dynasties in ancient China. Both in the cultural, economic, political and artistic performance is very outstanding. Historical development of the era makes unprece-dented open people's minds, such open also natural y seep into the woman's behavior, they have a certain personal freedom and individuality liberation, the status of women is rising. This painting in the tang dy-nasty has very good reflected in the female image. At times like these, had appeared Zhang Xuan, zhou-fang painter, their painting art has ex-erts a far-reaching influence on the later tang dynasty figure painting.

  5. From Early Tang Court Debates to China's Peaceful Rise

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2009-01-01

    Dit boek biedt een verfrissende kijk op 1400 jaar Chinese geschiedenis. In acht artikelen worden politieke, religieuze, maatschappelijke economische en culturele geschiedenis tegen het licht gehouden. Uiteenlopende ontwikkelingen komen aan bod, van de interreligieuze rechtbankdebatten van de Tang-dy

  6. Culture Is the Essential Factor in the Translation of Tang Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董陶

    2013-01-01

    Tang poems are the gem of Chinese literature and the precious culture heritage of the Chinese language and the valuable treasure of Chinese culture. Tang Poems in English version could help to introduce the Chinese culture and literature to the whole world. Thus,the translation of Tang Poems is tightly related to the understanding of the background and ideology of the original text. Thus,culture plays a very important role in the translation of Tang Poems.

  7. Thermoluminescence authentication of T`ang and Han Dynasty pottery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Price, D.M. [Wollongong Univ., NSW (Australia). School of Geosciences

    1997-12-31

    More than 80 pieces of T`ang Dynasty and 40 Han Dynasty style ceramic wares have been analysed to determine the amount of thermoluminescence (TL) accumulated since the initial firing of the object and the level of the radiation flux which has created the TL. This paper presents a summary of the thermoluminescence analysis results. Approximately 60% of Han ceramics and 45% of the T`ang pottery authenticated have been shown to belong to periods other than that stylistically suggested. Items which have been found not to be of the anticipated antiquity generally fall into distinct age groups. Of the T`ang wares the most commonly copied item is found to be the horse and for the Han pieces, human figures and ewers/pots/vases represent the most frequently reproduced wares.

  8. Experience in Clinical Use of Xiao Chaihu Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Xu-shan

    2008-01-01

    @@ Xiao Chahu Tang(小柴胡汤 Minor Bupleurum Decoction)originates from Treatise on Febrile Diseases(伤寒论).As a main recipe for treating Shaoyang syndrome,it has been practiced so far with obvious therapeutic effect.The main symptoms of Shaoyang syndrome are altemate chills and fever,chest fullness,Vomiting,poor appetite,bitter taste,dry throat,dizziness and wiry pulse.Zhang zhongjing (张仲景),an ancient physician,used Xiao ChaihuTang to treat Shaoyang syndrome.

  9. State Councillor Tang Jiaxuan Meets with Yoshitaka Murata

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>On December 13, 2005, State Councillor Tang Jiaxuan met with Yoshitaka Murata, member of the House of Representatives and former chairman of the National Public Safety Commission of Japan. Also present at the meeting were Chinese Ambassador to Japan Wang Yi who was on furlough at home, Jing Dunquan, CPAFFC vice president, and Kong Xuanyou, deputy director general of the Department of Asian Affairs of the Foreign Ministry. Tang expressed welcome to Murata’s visit to China, and spoke highly of his contribution to maintaining healthy development of Sino-Japanese relations and promoting exchanges and cooperation between the public security departments of the two countries when he served as chairman of the National Public

  10. Tang Lei:Indulge in Freedom and Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DenDen

    2004-01-01

    She sounded weary on the ther end of the telephone-2 p.m.is definitely much too early for a night bird,espcially for theowner of Little Bar which is so famous for its rock backgrounds-very understandable indeed.We made an appointment to meet a 9pm at her Little Bar."Won't that be too late for you?"Tang Lei asked me cmsiderately."No problem."

  11. Tang Dynasty Antiquities:Blending Exoticism and Tradition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiangFeng

    2004-01-01

    The Tang Dynasty(618-907 AD)was one of the most powerful dynasties in Chinese history.Its flouishing economy and brlliant civilization attractde merchants and scholars from Asia,Europe and even Africa to come to China via the Silk Road for trade and cultural exchange,thus making it a world economic and cultural center of the time.Today,we can still

  12. Tang-Dynasty Songs and Dances Make a Comeback

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    Aman in imperial dress andboots,wearing an official’shat and carrying a tablet,steps out on stage and announces ina sonorous voice:“Tonight,to wel-come you,our royal guests,I presentmy disciples in a performance whichI hope will charm and entertainyou.”The presentation that follows,complete with ancient musical in-struments,is from the world of theTang Dynasty.

  13. Research on Community Competition and Adaptive Genetic Algorithm for Automatic Generation of Tang Poetry

    OpenAIRE

    Wujian Yang; Yining Cheng; Jie He; Wenqiong Hu; Xiaojia Lin

    2016-01-01

    As there are many researches about traditional Tang poetry, among which automatically generated Tang poetry has arouse great concern in recent years. This study presents a community-based competition and adaptive genetic algorithm for automatically generating Tang poetry. The improved algorithm with community-based competition that has been added aims to maintain the diversity of genes during evolution; meanwhile, the adaptation means that the probabilities of crossover and mutation are varie...

  14. A Study of Imperial Maids Life Through Tangs Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuc Lin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Article observed the life of Tangs imperial maids through the poetry of Tang Dynasty. . Imperial maids were started from Sui Dynasty, especially Emperor Sui Yangdis period, and Tangs imperial maids were many. Emperor with various kind of reasons, in most every year would choose some girls and took them into his palace and they worked as imperial maids. They were girls from ordinary people, respectable, and noble families. Those girls who once entered imperial palace, theyb would be very hard to come out. They had to obey the regulation in the palace. Through some poetry it could be portrayed the imperial maids lifetime in serving the emperor, imperial concubines and got rest after midnight. Except for working, they werent able to come out from palace, they couldnt go home to visit their family, even got married, their lives were full of loneliness. If they were sick, or old, the emperor wouldnt like them anymore, they would be sent away anytime. Even if they left imperial palace, and got their freedom, but most of them lived tragically.

  15. Analisis Perbandingan Experiential Value antara Hong Tang dan Black Ball serta Hubungannya dengan Customer Satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annetta Gunawan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Black Ball and Hong Tang are two pioneers of Taiwanese dessert sellers in Jakarta. Both of them have product offering characteristics that are alike and have the same target market. From the initial observation, the researcher found that even though Black Ball has more outlets than Hong Tang, but Black Ball seems to be less popular than Hong Tang. The consumers’ preferences are varied, there are some consumers prefer Hong Tang, but there are also those who choose Black Ball, because of the food quality, the service provided, and also the experiences they get during the consumption process. Therefore, both Black Ball and Hong Tang have to consider about the experiential value to be offered to their customers, in order to increase their customer satisfaction, so that they can sustainably survive in the midst of challenging competition. The objectives of this research are to examine whether there is any difference of experiential value dimensions and customer satisfaction between Hong Tang and Black Ball and to examine the relationship between experiential value dimensions and customer satisfaction of Hong Tang and Black Ball. The result of this research concludes that there is no difference of all experiential value dimensions and customer satisfaction between Hong Tang and Black Ball and there is a strong and significant relationship between all experiential value dimensions and customer satisfaction of Hong Tang and Black Ball.

  16. Analisis Perbandingan Experiential Value antara Hong Tang dan Black Ball serta Hubungannya dengan Customer Satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annetta Gunawan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Black Ball and Hong Tang are two pioneers of Taiwanese dessert sellers in Jakarta. Both of them have product offering characteristics that are alike and have the same target market. From the initial observation, the researcher found that even though Black Ball has more outlets than Hong Tang, but Black Ball seems to be less popular than Hong Tang. The consumers preferences are varied, there are some consumers prefer Hong Tang, but there are also those who choose Black Ball, because of the food quality, the service provided, and also the experiences they get during the consumption process. Therefore, both Black Ball and Hong Tang have to consider about the experiential value to be offered to their customers, in order to increase their customer satisfaction, so that they can sustainably survive in the midst of challenging competition. The objectives of this research are to examine whether there is any difference of experiential value dimensions and customer satisfaction between Hong Tang and Black Ball and to examine the relationship between experiential value dimensions and customer satisfaction of Hong Tang and Black Ball. The result of this research concludes that there is no difference of all experiential value dimensions and customer satisfaction between Hong Tang and Black Ball and there is a strong and significant relationship between all experiential value dimensions and customer satisfaction of Hong Tang and Black Ball

  17. "A friend to man, " Dr.Feifan Tang: a story of causative agent of trachoma, from "Tang's virus" to Chlamydia trachomatis, to "Phylum Chlamydiae"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guangsheng Cheng; Ming Li; George F. Gao

    2011-01-01

    @@ "Dr.Feifan Tang (F.F.Tang) was indeed 'a friend to man' as our old English eighteenth-century phrase has it; he loved the Chinese people and was a doughty fighter in the fundamental field of preventive medicine.With all friends here, I salute his memory and I am sure he will never be forgotten in China." The famous British scientist Joseph Needham wrote this in 1979 in his letter to the then director of the National Vaccine & Serum Institute of China, when he received the obituary notice of Dr.F.F.Tang who had died in 1958.

  18. [Clinical application of several Taoist magical pellets in the Tang Dynasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Le

    2005-10-01

    Alchemy is one the arts of Taoist practice. Clinical application of arsenics, mercury, lead, and alloys brought out by alchemy is the primal effect on TCM clinic in the Tang Dynasty. Their chemical compounds such as arsenides, realgar, silver mercuric alloys, mercuric chlorides, all played an important role in TCM clinical practice in the Tang Dynasty, exerting effects on later ages until today.

  19. Two cases of Chest Heating Sensation treated by Hwangryunhaedok-tang Herbal-Acupuncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gwon-Il Cho

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical effect of Hwangryunhaedok-tang Herbal-Acupuncture. Hwangryunhaedok-tang is used in all heating diseases. Chest Heating Sensation is a unique concept in Oriental Medicine. So we applied Hwangryunhaedok-tang Herbal-Acupuncture to treat the Chest Heating Sensation. We used DITI(Digital Infrared Thermographic Imaging to estimate the temperatures of chest surface for the outcome assessment. We came to know that the chest surface temperatures were all reduced in both cases after Herbal-Acupuncture treatment. The reduced average temperature was 1.5℃ in case 1 and 0.9℃ in case 2. The above result indicates that Hwangryunhaedok-tang Herbal-Acupuncture treatment has an effect on Chest Heating Sensation, thus continuous Hwangryunhaedok-tang Herbal-Acupuncture study will be needed for more clinical applications.

  20. Suan Zao Ren Tang in Combination with Zhi Zi Chi Tang as a Treatment Protocol for Insomniacs with Anxiety: A Randomized Parallel-Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Lin-lin Hu; Xin Zhang; Wen-juan Liu; Mei Li; Yong-hua Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC) for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial...

  1. Microfacies and geochemistry of the Ilam Formation in the Tang-E Rashid area, Izeh, S.W. Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adabi, Mohammad H.; Mehmandosti, Elham Asadi

    2008-07-01

    The Ilam Formation (Santonian-Campanian in age), part of the Bangestan Group, is disconformably overlain by the Sarvak Formation and underlain by the Gurpi Formation in the Tang-E Rashid, Peyon area, Izeh (Zagros), southwest of Iran. Facies analyses indicate that the Ilam carbonates formed in four microfacies belts: tidal flat, lagoon, shoal and open marine, in a platform ramp environment. Major and minor elements and carbon and oxygen isotope values were used to determine the original carbonate mineralogy of the Ilam Formation. Petrographic evidence and elemental and oxygen and carbon isotope values indicate that aragonite was the original carbonate mineralogy in the Ilam Formation. The elemental and isotopic compositions of the Ilam carbonates also illustrate that they have stabilized in the marine phreatic environment. Variations of Sr/Ca and δ 18O values versus Mn suggest that diagenetic alteration occurred in a closed system. Temperature calculation based on the oxygen isotope value of the least-altered sample indicates that the very early shallow burial fluid temperature was around 28 °C. Recognition of the exact boundary between the Ilam and Sarvak Formations is difficult, due to similar lithologies and the absence of the Surgah Formation in the study area. However, elemental and oxygen and carbon isotope analysis were used to determine the boundary between these formations. The δ 18O and δ 13C values, along with elemental results, clearly indicate a subaerial exposure surface, below which meteoric diagenesis affected the sediments.

  2. Effects of Tang Mai Kang Capsule on Angioneurotic Lesions in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李华; 王军; 高丽君; 郭永成

    2004-01-01

    The effects of Tang Mai Kang Capsule (糖脉康胶囊) on blood sugar level, gangrene of the tail-tip, pain threshold and learning and memory abilities were investigated in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. The results showed that Tang Mai Kang Capsule could significantly decrease blood sugar level and incidence rate of gangrene of the tail-tip, increase pain threshold, and strengthen learning and memory abilities, suggesting that Tang Mai Kang Capsule functions to decrease blood sugar level and improve the complicated angioneurotic lesions of diabetes.

  3. [Textual research on Capital's Puji Tang (Relief Houses) in the Qing Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lei; Liang, Jun

    2010-05-01

    Puji Tang (Relief Houses) was established in 1706 with the function of helping the poor, comforting and compensating people by medicine, therefore, which was supported by the Emperors of the Qing Dynasty. As a representation of medical relief organization of the Qing Dynasty, Puji Tang was developed from a folk relief organization to a government national organization. Because of the declination of the Qing Empire and the problems within its own organization, Puji Tang changed finally to an organization of reeducation through labor in 1907.

  4. The Zicheng Site of Tang and Song Mingzhou City in Present-day Ningbo City, Zhejiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林士民; 亦囡; 曹楠

    2003-01-01

    Present-day Ningbo 宁波 in Zhejiang 浙江 Province was called Mingzhou 明州 in the Tang and Song periods. It was a famous commercial port along the southeastern coastal area, and was ranked as one of the top four ports including Jiaozhou 交州, Guangzhou 广州, and Yangzhou 扬州 in the Tang Dynasty. In the first year of Changqing 长安 reign period of the Tang (AD 821), Mingzhou City was built in thecenter of present-day Ningbo City.

  5. Tang dynasty (618-907) bowl measured with PIXE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laitinen, M.; Käyhkö, M.; Hahn, G.; von Uexküll-Güldenband, N.; Sajavaara, T.

    2017-09-01

    Brownish bowl originating from an underwater shipwreck located near Belitung island in the Java Sea, some 600 km south-east from Singapore, has been measured with particle induced X-ray emission. This study was a pilot project for the - now a spin-off company - Recenart research team where one target was to evaluate the authenticity of the different type of art objects. PIXE measurements were done from three different material positions from a single bowl received from a customer. These locations were categorized as a bluish/greenish pigment (under glaze), thick glaze and the body clay. When the obtained data was compared to the other references from different dynasties and kiln sites, the closest match was indeed the Tang dynasty, Tongguan/Ghangsha kiln-site potsherds - from where the bowl in question was also suspected to originate.

  6. Literature in Focus L’étang - Mathilde Fontanet

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    "The Pond" (L’étang), one of the eleven short stories that lends its name to the collection, is the tale of a forty-something woman who, alone and scared on a twenty-four-hour trip to the wilds of Yorkshire, makes a disturbing discovery along a meandering woodland pathway. The characters who haunt these pages - from the chronically shy young librarian or the divided twins, to the obsequious neighbour, the amnesiac aunt or the people encountered on a bus or at the hospital - are neither heroes nor heroines; they’re just people living ordinary lives, unremarkable destinies. These brief encounters, these snapshots of ordinary life, these snippets of existence made up of hesitant dialogue, insignificant gestures and feelings of love, whether acknowledged or not, are retold by Mathilde Fontanet with consummate artistry and restrained emotion. Ordinary they may be, but they leave an indelible impression on us. Wednesday 21 October,...

  7. 中国姑娘吉利安·唐%GILLIAN TANG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Paul

    2003-01-01

    @@ The only Chinese person who worked in my office was Gillian Tang. She had come to London from south China to complete her education and this was her first job. To us westerners she was a most unusual person.

  8. Research on Community Competition and Adaptive Genetic Algorithm for Automatic Generation of Tang Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wujian Yang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available As there are many researches about traditional Tang poetry, among which automatically generated Tang poetry has arouse great concern in recent years. This study presents a community-based competition and adaptive genetic algorithm for automatically generating Tang poetry. The improved algorithm with community-based competition that has been added aims to maintain the diversity of genes during evolution; meanwhile, the adaptation means that the probabilities of crossover and mutation are varied from the fitness values of the Tang poetry to prevent premature convergence and generate better poems more quickly. According to the analysis of experimental results, it has been found that the improved algorithm is superior to the conventional method.

  9. Antioxidant and Antiadipogenic Activities of Galkeun-Tang, a Traditional Korean Herbal Formula

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Galkeun-tang (GKT; Galgen-tang in Chinese and Kakkon-to in Japanese), a traditional herbal formula, has been used for treatment of the common cold. Here, we report in vitro antioxidant and antiadipogenic effects of GKT. GKT increased the activities of scavenging 2,2′-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. GKT also significantly reduced the malondialdehyde (MDA) generation during low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation and th...

  10. The Neuroprotective Effect of Gugijihwang-Tang on Trimethyltin-Induced Memory Dysfunction in the Rat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eun-Yee Jung

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Gugijihwang-Tang (the herbal formula PM012, a decoction consisting of several herbs including Rehmanniae Radix Preparata, has been widely used as herbal treatment for dementia. In order to investigate the neuroprotective action of this prescription, we examined the effect of Gugijihwang-Tang on learning and memory using the Morris water maze and [F-18]FDG micro PET neuroimaging technique. After injection of trimethyltin (TMT, 8.0 mg/kg, i.p., which is a potent toxicant that selectively kills cells in the central nervous system, rats were administered Gugijihwang-Tang (100 mg/kg, p.o. daily for two weeks, followed by the Morris water maze tasks and [F-18]FDG micro PET neuroimaging. In Gugijihwang-Tang administered TMT-treated rats, they showed improved learning and memory abilities in water maze tasks and glucose metabolism, suggesting that Gugijihwang-Tang plays effectively positive role in the improvement of brain function including learning and memory after TMT-induced neurodegeneration. Taken together, our results suggested that the Gugijihwang-Tang should be useful for developing strategies protecting nervous system and improving brain function.

  11. Variety regulation research of the Anthraquinone in San Cheng Qi Tang compound prescribe compatibility of medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Zhao-shu; ZHANG Zhen-qiu; YUAN Chang-lu

    2005-01-01

    The purpose is to research compound prescribe compatibility of medicines have some influence on anthraquinone which is the gentleman medicine CRC's valid composition dissolution rate in San Cheng Qi Tang. The method. Adopting respectively RP - HPLC and colorimetric method, measure the content of liberation3 methylchrysazin and 3 - methylchrysazin and combined 3 - methylchrysazin and 3 - methylchrysazin total liberation anthraquinone and total combined anthraquinone in the different decoction water liquid coming from single CRC the different decoction and compatibility of medicines method of San Cheng Qi Tang. The result: Compared with CRC single flavor decoction water, liberation anthraquinone and combined anthraquinone content show differently in the most decoction water liquid, Combined 3 - methylchrysazin and combined anthraquinone content in decoction prescribe as follows in proper order decrease:Da Cheng Qi Tang > Xiao San Cheng Qi Tang > Tiao Wei Cheng Qi Tang. The conclusion: Because CRC mate with different medicine material . different decoction method, liberation anthraquinone and combined anthraquinone content in San Cheng Qi Tang change. The combined 3 methylchrysazin and combined anthraquinon content variety order in accordance with its decanta bottom function.

  12. Nomadic pastoralism in the Aru basin of Tibet's Chang Tang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius W. Næss

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Nomadic pastoralists live at the northern extent of human habitation within the ca. 5000 m elevation Aru basin, in the nortwestern part of the Chang Tang Nature Preserve, Tibet. These nomads herd primarily sheep and goats, a lesser number of yaks, and a few horses. Goats are increasing in importance because of the value of cashmere wool in national and international markets. Although sheep wool production is greater per animal than for the cashmere goats, the price obtained for its wool is much lower. Still, households keep more sheep than goats, primarily because sheep meat is preferred for consumption and sheep wool is important for the nomads' own use. The Aru nomads have traditionally depended on hunting to compensate for livestock lost to predators and unpredictable climatic phenomena such as blizzards. The prohibition of hunting in the reserve from 1993 has apparently resulted in a lowering of their standard of living, even with an overall rise in cashmere prices. According to the nomads, without hunting they have thus lost a safety measure important during years with heavy livestock losses. Conservation related development initiatives in the reserve should address this issue.

  13. Identification of Yougui and Jisheng Shenqi Pills with FTIR and EDS Fingerprint Spectra by New Visual Comparison%采用FTIR和电子能谱EDS指纹图谱直观比对鉴定右归丸济生肾气丸

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽双; 邹华彬; 田芳; 杜爱琴; 董凤娟; 张新玲

    2011-01-01

    FTIR combined with EDS fingerprint spectra was first applied to the identification of two kind of traditional Chinese compound formulae-Yougui pill and Jisheng shenqi pills, which have the similar composition. The IR FPS of extraction of two kinds of pills extracted with chloroform were measured by liquid membrane method. The exclusively characteristic peak groups of these two kinds of formulae were theoretically established based on the Shapiro-Wilk W testing method. And the characteristic radicals and compound species corresponding to each characteristic peak were determined. Meanwhile. EDS fingerprint spectra of the two kinds of original powders were also measured which can reflect the element species and content information. Based on the three kinds of information (characteristic peak groups, radicals and compound species, different elements), Yougui and Jisheng shenqi pills were identified quickly, precisely and reliably. In this method, infrared fingerprint spectra possess the similar ability with chromatograph fingerprint spectra in identification of traditional Chinese compound formulae. The results show that the new visual comparison method is suitable for identifying traditional Chinese compound formulae with the same dosage-form and similar composition.%结合FTIR和电子能谱EDS指纹图谱,鉴别了两种组成相近的中药复方右归丸和济生肾气丸.测定右归丸和济生肾气丸样品氯仿提取物的红外指纹图谱,依据W检验理论判别方法精细建立两种中药复方红外指纹图谱的特征吸收峰组,确定了各个特征吸收峰相对应的特征分子基团和药物成分组成.同时测量两种中药复方原药粉末样品的EDS指纹图谱.根据两种中药复方FITR指纹图谱中的特征峰组及其对应的化合物类型和原药粉末的EDS谱中多种元素的种类和含量信息,可以快速准确鉴别右归丸和济生肾气丸,使红外指纹图谱法达到了与色谱指纹图谱法相似的鉴别

  14. Treatment of Lacunar Cerebral Infarction with Huo Xue Tong Luo Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯安会; 王亚威; 郑一

    2001-01-01

    @@Based on our clinical experience,we formulated Huo Xue Tong Luo Tang(活血通络汤HXTL Decoction),a prescription for treatment of lacunar cerebral infarction.Most of the ingredients are those in the prescriptions of Di Dang Tang(抵当汤)and Gui Gan Long Mu Tang(桂甘龙牡汤)described in the book Treatise of Febrile Diseases(伤寒论)in accordance with the compatible theory of principal,assistant,adjuvant and guiding drugs for improving blood circulation,removing stasis,dispelling endogenous wind and phlegm,inducing resuscitation,removing obstruction in the channels,and balancing the yin and yang.

  15. [Brief analysis on Tang Zong-hai's view about qi transformation in channels ].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Su-yun; Zhao, Jing-sheng

    2009-05-01

    This present paper interprets and analyzes the connotation of qi transformation in Tang Zong-hai's idea of channels in the Qing Dynasty. During the middle and late periods of the Qing Dynasty, western medicine was introduced into China on a large scale, starting with "Channels being the qi transformation pathway of viscera" clearly raised in Essence of Medical Classics on the Confluence of Chinese and Western Medicine written by Tang Zong-hai, and in combination with relevant discussion of physicians of successive dynasties on channels, qi information and others, it was revealed that the connotation of channels expounded by Tang Zong-hai with qi transformation view is of a certain rationality, and it was further realized that the concept of "channels" in traditional twelve meridians theory indeed contains some thought source of qi information theory of traditional Chinese medicine.

  16. A preliminary research about precision of star catalogues in Tang and Song Dynasties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Shengchi

    The catalogues of ancient China had an evident progress in Tang and Song Dynasties. The analyses shows, the precision of north polar distance data observed by Yi Xing in Tang Dynasty was rather lower. Perhaps it is due to that those data could not show the real precision in that time. Yi Xing found that there are the difference between the data of same stars' positions observed in different epochs. It is the beginning of the regular observing stars' positions in ancient China. The precision of two catalogues in Song dynasty is better obviously.

  17. [Selection of medical talents under the influence of imperial examination system in the Tang Dynasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhen-Guo; Zang, Shou-Hu

    2005-10-01

    The Tang Dynasty was an important period in which China's ancient imperial examination system was formed and perfected. The medical examination at that time was influenced by imperial examination system, too. Medical talents were chosen according to a clear regulation of exam subjects imitating "Examination based on Imperial College law", "Ming Jing" and "Ming Fa" in the Tang Dynasty. The ways of choosing sheng tu, gong jü, zhi jü, dai zhao were also used for choosing medical talents, and the practical subjects of medical examination and qualified standard were also made, which can be used as a reference for TCM education, examination, selecting and checking of TCM talents today.

  18. [Medical application of the art of supplication before the Tang dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yuan; Ding, Jieyun; Zhang, Ruqing

    2015-05-01

    Ample materials on diseases treated with supplication were seen on excavated texts, medical works from ancient time, and religious works before the Tang dynasty (including Tang dynasty). Since the breaking up of witchcraft from medicine, there are still supplication applied in the treatment and prevention of diseases, including those of internal medicine, external medicine, women's and children's diseases, disease of the sense organs, and infections. There are dual reasons for this phenomena, one being the diseases caused by spirit and ghostss; and the other being certain effectiveness of this art on some diseases not cured by other regular treatments, hence, its acceptance by secular people.

  19. Maps of Relocation and Poems of Tang Dynasty Poets: Li Bai, Du Fu, and Han Yu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    羅鳳珠、白璧玲、廖泫銘、范毅軍 、鄭錦全 Feng-Ju Lo,Pi-Ling Pai,Hsiung-Ming Liao,I-Chun Fan,Chin-Chuan Cheng

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Geographic environments affect literary contents and genre and thus, since ancient times, geographical area has been used to classify Chinese literature. In 1936 Liang Qichao was keenly aware of the relationship between literature and geography and brought up the idea of “literarygeography”. In 1979 Professor Chen Zhengxiang produced maps of birthplaces of Tang and Song poets to show the shift of Chinese cultural center from north to south. Furthermore, in the pastdecade, the attention to research in literary geography and geographical distribution of writersgradually increased. However, most studies focused on geographical distribution of birthplaces of writers and very few focused on the relationship between poets’ journey and the contents of their writings and their geographic environment. Meanwhile, geographic information system and aerialphotography have developed quickly and have become useful tools for the study of literary geography.Since then, the academic circles in Taiwan have built a solid foundation in this area. While Li Baiand Du Fu were called poetic immortal and poetic sage of the middle and end periods of the heydayof Tang Dynasty, respectively, Han Yu advocated the classical Chinese movement and becameone of the eight great authors of Tang and Song dynasties. Han Yu was also the best representative of Middle Tang poets. While the styles of these three poets differed from each other, they held key positions in the development and evolution of Tang poetry. Their footprints spread all over the countryand greatly affected later developments and contemporary of poetry. This project makes use of the digital Tang Dynasty maps by Tan Qixiang, Tang Dynasty transportation route maps by Yan Gengwang,aerial maps, the All Tang Poems, and chronicles of the poets to build the three poets’ relocation maps and study their poetic literature, language, geography, and interactions with others, in hopesof opening a new research direction

  20. Tang Jiaxuan Attends Meeting of Leaders of Chinese And Japanese Nongovernmental Organizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>On February 17, leaders of Chinese and Japanese nongovernmental organizations met in the Great Hall of the People for a meeting which was addressed by Tang Jiaxuan, Honorary Advisor to the China-Japan Friendship Association (CJFA). Tang said it was of great significance that, on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the normalization of diplomatic relations, leaders of the people-to-people friendship organizations of the two countries should gather to exchange views and offer suggestions for boosting friendly cooperation and deepening the strategic relationship of mutual benefit.

  1. [Discrimination of patients with Xiao-Chaihu Tang syndrome using 1H NMR metabonomics and partial least square analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xing, Jie; Yuan, Shu-chun; Sun, Hui-min; Fan, Ma-li; Li, Zhen-yu; Qin, Xue-mei

    2015-08-01

    1H NMR metabonomics approach was used to reveal the chemical difference of urine between patients with Xiao-Chaihu Tang syndrome (XCHTS) and healthy participants (HP). The partial least square method was used to establish a model to distinguish the patients with Xiao-Chaihu-Tang syndrome from the healthy controls. Thirty-four endogenous metabolites were identified in the 1H NMR spectrum, and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis showed the urine of patients with Xiao-Chaihu Tang syndrome and healthy participants could be separated clearly. It is indicated that the metabolic profiling of patients with Xiao-Chaihu Tang syndrome was changed obviously. Fifteen metabolites were found by S-pot of OPLS-DA and VIP value. The contents of leucine, formic acid, glycine, hippuric acid and uracil increased in the urine of patients, while threonine, 2-hydroxyisobutyrate, acetamide, 2-oxoglutarate, citric acid, dimethylamine, malonic acid, betaine, trimethylamine oxide, phenylacetyl glycine, and uridine decreased. These metabolites involve the intestinal microbial balance, energy metabolism and amino acid metabolism pathways, which is related with the major symptom of Xiao-Chaihu Tang syndrome. The patients with Xiao-Chaihu Tang syndrome could be identified and predicted correctly using the established partial least squares model. This study could be served as the basis for the accurate diagnostic and reasonable administration of Xiao-Chaihu-Tang syndrome.

  2. Sagunja-Tang Improves Lipid Related Disease in a Postmenopausal Rat Model and HepG2 Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroe Go

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of Sagunja-tang on the lipid related disease in a rat model of menopausal hyperlipidemia and lipid accumulation in methyl-β-cyclodextrin-induced HepG2 cells. In in vivo study using menopausal hyperlipidemia rats, Sagunja-tang reduced retroperitoneal and perirenal fat, serum lipids, atherogenic index, cardiac risk factor, media thickness, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis score, when compared to menopausal hyperlipidemia control rats. In HepG2 cells, Sagunja-tang significantly decreased the lipid accumulation, total cholesterol levels, and low-density/very-low-density lipoprotein levels. Moreover, Sagunja-tang reversed the methyl-β-cyclodextrin-induced decrease in the protein levels of critical molecule involved in cholesterol synthesis, sterol regulatory element binding protein-2, and low-density lipoprotein receptor and inhibited protein levels of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase as well as activity. Phosphorylation level of AMP-activated protein kinase was stimulated by Sagunja-tang. These results suggest that Sagunja-tang has effect on inhibiting hepatic lipid accumulation through regulation of cholesterol synthesis and AMPK activity in vitro. These observations support the idea that Sagunja-tang is bioavailable both in vivo and in vitro and could be developed as a preventive and therapeutic agent of hyperlipidemia in postmenopausal females.

  3. [Transmission and development of foreign medicinal materials in the Tang and Song Dynasties].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Meng-Hua; Zhao, Zhong-Zhen; Cao, Hui

    2016-11-01

    Many foreign medicinal materials that were imported to China via the Silk Road and maritime trade have enriched Chinese medicine. Imported foreign medicines reached a high point by the Tang and Song Dynasties, particularly in the case of aromatic medicines, which supplemented domestic Chinese aromatics and were widely employed in official dispensaries in the Song Dynasty. This study investigated historical records related to imported Chinese medicines in the Tang and Song periods, focusing on their varieties, quantity, use, and localization trends. Foreign medicines were assimilated as Chinese medical theory was applied to interpret their effects, and aromatics such as frankincense that were extremely expensive in the Tang Dynasty became accessible to common people by the Song Dynasty. By the Song Dynasty, some foreign medicines began to be domestically cultivated and the boundary between foreign and traditional Chinese medicines became blurred; foreign medicines gradually transformed into Chinese medicines. The importation of foreign medicines during the Tang and Song Dynasties was a historical turning point that contributed greatly to the development of traditional Chinese medicine. Copyright© by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

  4. [Study on weight units of chinese medicine in Sui and Tang dynasties].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Rui-xian; Lu, Qin; Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Mu-qun

    2008-09-01

    Although there were changes in measuring system of Sui dynasty, the measuring units of medicine, astronomy and music still remained unchanged. So there appeared two systems of measuring units. For medicine, the government of Tang dynasty followed the regulations of Sui dynasty in measuring system. Besides this, the measuring units of Qian and Fen also were also related to medicine.

  5. [Cosmetological thinking and methods in TCM in the Sui-Tang Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Y J

    2016-11-28

    In the heyday of Chinese feudal society, women's status in the society of the Sui-Tang period was improved in the Tang Dynasty.The demand for female to stay young and anti-aging had attracted lots of attention in the society, thus providing a favorable social environment for the formation and development of Chinese herbal cosmetology. The important representative medical works on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were published in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, such as Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold), Qian jin yi fang (Supplement to Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), Wai tai mi yao (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) etc., all carry chapter(s) on Chinese herbal cosmetology. In the Tang Dynasty, beauty techniques became perfect, with rich exquisite make-up style. Make-up had become an integral part of daily life. Cosmetic surgery has reached a fairly high level, with a number of cosmetic surgeries appeared, such as the making of artificial dimples, artificial eyes, and dental cosmetic.

  6. Three-dimensional reconstruction method of Tang Dynasty building based on point clouds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yinghui; Zhang, Huanhuan; Zhao, Yanni; Hao, Wen; Ning, Xiaojuan; Shi, Zhenghao; Zhao, Minghua

    2015-12-01

    We present a method to reconstruct the three-dimensional (3-D) Tang Dynasty building model from raw point clouds. Different from previous building modeling techniques, our method is developed for the Tang Dynasty building which does not exhibit planar primitives, facades, and repetitive structural elements as residential low- or high-rise buildings. The proposed method utilizes the structural property of the Tang Dynasty building to process the original point clouds. First, the raw point clouds are sliced into many parallel layers to generate a top-bottom hierarchical structure, and each layer is resampled to achieve a subset purification of 3-D point clouds. In addition, a series of different building components of the building are recognized by clustering these purifications of 3-D point clouds. In particular, we get the tree-structured topology of these different building components during slicing and clustering. Second, different solutions are explored to reconstruct its 3-D model for different building components. The overall model of building can be gotten based on the building components and tree-structured topology. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method is more efficient for generating a high realistic 3-D model of the Tang Dynasty building.

  7. The therapeutic effects of Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang in treating male infertility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, B; Zhang, C; Du, L; Xue, W; Zou, P

    2001-06-01

    Eight-seven cases of male infertility due to spermatopathy were treated with Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang (SJZZT [symbol: see text]) for 1-3 courses. The total effective rate was 95.40% (83/87). 56.32% (49/87) of their spouses got pregnant and the semen quality was markedly improved (P cortisol (C).

  8. The Administrative System in Tibet during the Tang and Yuan Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TangJia-hong; WangXiaohui

    2003-01-01

    China's Tang Dynasty (618-907) and Yuan dynasty (1279-1368) were of epoch-making importance in the formation and development of the Tibetan ethnic group. Numerous ethnic tribes began to unite, and the process of evolution from a tribal to a political society was basically completed over the span of the two dynasties.

  9. Vice-President Hu Sishe Leads Delegation to seminar about Shakespeare and Tang Xianzu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; Lijuan

    2016-01-01

    "Seminar of Jointly Commemorating the 400th Anniversary of Shakespeare and Tang Xianzu’s Death and Launch Ceremony of Fuzhou Culture Week"has been jointly held by the CPAFFC and Jiangxi People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries,Fuzhou Municipal People’s Government,Stratford of the United

  10. [Simultaneous determination and quantitation of anthraquinones, lignans and flavonoids in Xiao-Cheng-Qi Tang, Hou-Po-San-Wu Tang and Hou-Po-Da-Huang Tang by HPLC].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Li; Li, Tao; Wang, Yan-li; Dong, Yu; Zhuang, Shuai-xing; Wang, Dun-fang; Yang, Wei-peng

    2015-07-01

    A simple and selective HPLC method for simultaneous determination and quantification of anthraquinones, lignans and flavonoids in Xiao-Cheng-Qi Tang (XCQT), Hou-Po-San-Wu Tang (HPSWT) and Hou-Po-Da-Huang Tang (HPDHT) was developed and validated. An Agilent Zorbax SB-C 18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 µm) column with the mobile phase of acetonitrile and 0.5% acetic acid aqueous solution in gradient elution mode was used. The flow rate was 1.0 mL · min(-1) at 30 °C, and injection volume was 10 µL. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm and 294 nm simultaneously for the quantitative analysis. The current HPLC assay was validated for linearity, intra-day and inter-day precisions, accuracy, recovery and stability. The method was applied to the content comparison of the gallic acid, cinnamic acid, sennoside A, sennoside B, rhein, emodin, aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, physcion, magnolol, honokiol, narirutin, naringin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, hesperetin, naringenin and nobiletin in XCQT, HPSWT and HPDHT. The good linear equations of eighteen constituents were obtained within the investigated ranges (r > 0.998). The recovery of the method was 94.28%-99.89% and the precision was less than 5%. The sample was stable within 16 h. There were some differences between the contents of anthraquinones, lignans and flavonoids in analogous formulae about XCQT. XCQT contained the greatest abundance of anthraquinones and flavonoid, HPSWT contained the greatest abundance lignans. In conclusion, the methods are simple, low-cost, precise, accurate and reliable for the determination of eighteen constituents in analogous formulae about XCQT, and these results provide methodological support for its quality control.

  11. Two Hundred and Thirty-five Cases of High Fever Caused by Exopathogen Treated with Yinqiao Maxing Shigan Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Gongjing; Yu Min

    2007-01-01

    @@ From February 2000 to February 2003, the author treated high fever caused by exopathogen with Yinqiao Maxing Shigan Tang (银翘麻杏石甘汤) ,with good therapeutic results reported in the following.

  12. [Study on the names of Muzhi and Pinzhi before the Tang dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ji-Ran; Liu, Yang; Sun, Li-Na; Lü, Ai-Ping; Liu, Ming-Xin; Dai, Zhao-Yu

    2011-01-01

    Muzhi (male hemorrhoid) and Pinzhi (female hemorrhoid) recorded in bamboo slips found in the Han Tomb of Zhanjiashan were named after the shape of genitalia of males and females, which conserved the original meaning of Mu (male) and Pin (female). In Wu shi er Bingfang (Formularies for 52 Kinds of Disorders), a silk manuscript found in the Han Tombs of Mawangdui, Pinzhi and Muzhi were defined as hemorrhoid inside and outside the anus, which used the extended meaning of Mu (male) and Pin (female). In Sui and Tang dynasties, Muzhi and Pinzhi were named after morphology or location of the hemorrhoid. The famous doctor of the Tang dynasty, XU Zeren, made a more perfect classification of hemorrhoids. In all, the names of Muzhi and Pinzhi were related to location, morphology and features of hemorrhoids and the influence of yin-yang thought to medicine.

  13. The merchants of Chang'an in the Sui and Tang dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Pingshuan

    2006-01-01

    As the capital of the Sui and Tang dynasties,Chang'an brought together large numbers of high-ranking officials,aristocrats,local residents,and sojourners.The promise of profits caused by the high demand for consumer goods attracted merchants.Chang'an was also the starting point of the renowned Silk Road.For all these reasons,Chang'an became a gathering point for Small and medium-scale merchants,rich merchants,ethnic-minority merchants,and foreign merchants.All these merchants engaged in a wide variety of business activities and made money by surprisingly diverse means.Those with great economic power were quite active politically.The activities of these merchants symbolize the unprecedented growth of commerce in Chang'an and reveal the high level of development of urban trade in the Sui and the Tang dynasties.

  14. Antioxidant and antiadipogenic activities of galkeun-tang, a traditional korean herbal formula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Soo-Jin; Yoo, Sae-Rom; Kim, Ohn-Soon; Seo, Chang-Seob; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo

    2014-01-01

    Galkeun-tang (GKT; Galgen-tang in Chinese and Kakkon-to in Japanese), a traditional herbal formula, has been used for treatment of the common cold. Here, we report in vitro antioxidant and antiadipogenic effects of GKT. GKT increased the activities of scavenging 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. GKT also significantly reduced the malondialdehyde (MDA) generation during low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation and the electrophoretic mobility of oxidized LDL, indicating inhibitory effects of GKT on Cu(2+)-mediated oxidation of LDL. Regarding antiadipogenic activity, GKT treatment significantly suppressed lipid accumulation, triglyceride production, and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Consistent with this, GKT significantly reduced the secretion of leptin, a major adipokine, in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Overall, our findings suggest that GKT has the potential for antioxidative and antiadipogenic properties.

  15. TANG's Scalp Acupuncture and Infantile Cerebral Palsy:Case Reports of 34 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦秀娣; 韩丑萍

    2008-01-01

    @@ Cerebral palsy (CP) refers to non-progressive motor disorder resulting from a group of cerebral lesions. It can occur as a result of motor center injuries before, during or after birth and subsequently non-progressive central motor dysfunction, followed by mental retardation and motor impairment of the four limbs. The author treated 34 cases of cerebral palsy with the scalp acupuncture of Doctor TANG Song-yan. The report is now as follows.

  16. Application of Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang According to TCM Differentiation of Syndromes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢甦

    2002-01-01

    @@ Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang (补中益气汤Decoction for Reinforcing the Middle-jiao and Replenishing Qi) is an effective formulated recipe commonly used for treating a variety of diseases with the manifestations of kidney-qi deficiency. In my opinion, however, it is also very effective for the conditions of which the symptoms of kidney-qi deficiency is not noticeable, but its mechanism lies in dysfunction of the spleen. The following are some examples.

  17. The Gluon-Induced Mueller-Tang Jet Impact Factor at Next-to-Leading Order

    CERN Document Server

    Hentschinski, Martin; Murdaca, Beatrice; Vera, Agustín Sabio

    2014-01-01

    We complete the computation of the Mueller-Tang jet impact factor at next-to-leading order (NLO) initiated in arXiv:1406.5625 and presented in arXiv:1404.2937 by computing the real corrections associated to gluons in the initial state making use of Lipatov's effective action. NLO corrections for this effective vertex are an important ingredient for a reliable description of large rapidity gap phenomenology within the BFKL approach.

  18. Jian Shu Wen Qing Tang Used in the Treatment for 60 Cases of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴家瑜; 罗世忠

    2004-01-01

    @@ Based on the TCM theory of strengthening the spleen, soothing the liver, warming the middle-jiao, and purging the bowels, the author of this article has treated 60 cases of irritable bowel syndrome with the self-made prescription of Jian Shu Wen Qing Tang (健疏温清汤 Decoction for Strengthening the Spleen, Soothing the Liver, Warming the Middle-jiao, and Purging the Bowels), and has obtained good therapeutic results. The following is a report of it.

  19. Sixty-seven Cases of Abnormal Movement of the Cardiac Apex Treated with Bu Xin Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王平; 耿世钊

    2002-01-01

    @@ Bu Xin Tang (heart-reinforcement decoction) was used to treat 67 cases of abnormal movement of the cardiac apex based on differentiation of symptoms and signs. The results showed that, in most patients, there were remarkable improvement notonly for the symptoms but also for the abnormal movement of the cardiac apex. The cured plus remarkably effective rate was 87%, suggesting that it can postponeor prevent coronary heart attacks for the patient of prophase coronary heart disease.

  20. Review on Tang Wenzhi’s The Gist of Chinese Writing Gamut

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于博文

    2016-01-01

    Claimed as an important prose-theory work in the Republic of China, The Gist of Chinese Writing Gamut authored by Tang Wenzhi has arrested considerable academic attention in recent years. On the basis of the literary thoughts concerned, this paper not only concludes the two major contributions it has made, say, its clue-oriented study and the invention of phonology theory, but also encapsulates the scholarship attitudes he has cleaved to throughout his entire life.

  1. [The prevalence, prevention and treatment of cattle epidemic during the Han-Tang Period].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Yi

    2013-03-01

    About 21 times of cattle epidemic with rather strong infectivity happened during the Han-Tang Period, including 6 in the Eastern Han Dynasty, 2 in the Jin Dynasty, 4 in the Southern and Northern Dynasties, 8 in the Tang Dynasty and 1in the Five Dynasty. Most of them were spread along the Yellow River and the northern region of the Huai River. The type of cattle epidemic included the acute cattle plague, cattle bovine mange, cattle yellow fever and cattle rotten hoof disease, etc. Its occurrence and prevalence brought a serious influentce on the society of the Han and Tang Dynasties, causing massive mortality of farm cattle, and then the shortage of animal power, and threatening the agriculture, which drew the attention of the governments, physicians, agriculturists, astrologists and Taoists. The medical measures and economic measures were adopted for the prevention and treatment of cattle epidemic. Especially, prescriptions in the books of medicine and agriculture exerted positive effects on the containment of cattle epidemic. On the other hand, its prevalence and the mass mortality of farm cattle, in a way, promoted, to certain extent, the improvement of the government's function of relief, the updating of the methods of agriculture and the creation of new farm tools, and being regarded as a main cause for the technological innovation of agriculture.

  2. [Dental caries found in the human skull of Tang dynasty excavated fron Xi'an].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Yong; Shao, Jin-ling; Li, Hai-tao; Xiao, Dan; Liu, Dai-yun

    2008-11-01

    To investigate the status of dental caries in the human of Tang dynasty. All teeth in 62 human skulls of Tang dynasty excavated from the Chang'an county in Xi'an city were examined and analyzed by statistics. The difference of prevalence in different group including age, sex and tooth position was tested with Chi-square test. The prevalence of dental caries was 62.9%. And there were 92 caries teeth, which was 14.6% of the whole teeth. The root caries (33.3%) was more than the occlusal caries (28.7%). The most frequent recorded caries were the third molar, followed by the second molar, then the first molar. There was no significant difference between male and female. The dental caries was popular in human of Tang dynasty, but the prevalence lowers than the modern people. And with the human evolution and the improvement of the social productivity, the prevalence of dental caries was gradually ascending.

  3. Archery in the Tang Dynasty%唐代射箭运动研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈新华

    2016-01-01

    Archery has been existing for a long time in China, and the powerful and prosperous government of the Tang Dynasty propelled the development of physics education. In the Tang Dynasty, archery was considered very impor⁃tant in the cultivation and selection of talents. Meanwhile, it was an important method for etiquette education and mili⁃tary training. Archery played a significant role in politics, military and society of the Tang Dynasty.%射箭运动在我国拥有悠久的历史。唐代国力强盛、经济繁荣,为体育的发展提供了充分的条件。在唐代,射箭运动是人才培养与选拔的主要内容;是进行礼仪教化的重要方法;是军事训练与战争的核心手段。射箭运动在唐代政治、军事、社会诸方面发挥了重要作用。

  4. Suan Zao Ren Tang in Combination with Zhi Zi Chi Tang as a Treatment Protocol for Insomniacs with Anxiety: A Randomized Parallel-Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin-lin Hu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG, the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS. Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial compared SZR-ZZC to lorazepam tablet in insomniacs with anxiety. Patients were randomized to the SZR-ZZC treatment group (n=60 and the lorazepam tablet treatment group (n=59. Results. SZR-ZZC significantly improved scores on all four treatment indices. Compared with lorazepam, treatment with SZR-ZZC resulted in a significant reduction in the ISI (P=0.029, the PSQI (P=0.017, and wake after sleep onset (WASO; P=0.008 scores and improved sleep architecture (P=0.000–0.003 after a 4-week treatment period. Only one subject in the SZR-ZZC group experienced adverse side effects. Conclusion. Treatment with SZR-ZZC for 4 weeks appears to be a relatively safe and effective complementary therapeutic option when aiming to improve sleep quality and anxiety in insomniacs with anxiety.

  5. Suan zao ren tang in combination with zhi zi chi tang as a treatment protocol for insomniacs with anxiety: a randomized parallel-controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Lin-Lin; Zhang, Xin; Liu, Wen-Juan; Li, Mei; Zhang, Yong-Hua

    2015-01-01

    Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC) for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial compared SZR-ZZC to lorazepam tablet in insomniacs with anxiety. Patients were randomized to the SZR-ZZC treatment group (n = 60) and the lorazepam tablet treatment group (n = 59). Results. SZR-ZZC significantly improved scores on all four treatment indices. Compared with lorazepam, treatment with SZR-ZZC resulted in a significant reduction in the ISI (P = 0.029), the PSQI (P = 0.017), and wake after sleep onset (WASO; P = 0.008) scores and improved sleep architecture (P = 0.000-0.003) after a 4-week treatment period. Only one subject in the SZR-ZZC group experienced adverse side effects. Conclusion. Treatment with SZR-ZZC for 4 weeks appears to be a relatively safe and effective complementary therapeutic option when aiming to improve sleep quality and anxiety in insomniacs with anxiety.

  6. Preliminary molecular basis of Danggui-buxue-tang on Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Ya; LI Xiao-hui

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the molecular biology mechanism of Danggui-buxue-tang on tonifying Qi and controlling blood circulation through modulation the immune functional genes. Methods Rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, and Danggui-buxue-tang group. Effect of Dang-guibuxue-tang on mRNA expressions of IL-1β, TNF-α, HSP-70, NF-kB, p38MAPK and JNK in blood cells of rats with Qi deficiency and blood stasis were measured with real-time fluorescent quantitative-PCR at 5th, 14th and 28th day. And that in artery wall were determined at the 28th day. NF-kB/p65 and p-c-jun protein expressions in rat artery wall were detected by western blotting as well. Results In model group, TNF-α, IL-1β, NF-kB, HSP-70, p38MAPK and JNK mRNA expression in blood cell increased significantly compared with control group. Compared with model group, mRNA expression of IL-1βand JNK decreased significantly; TNF-α decreased at 5th, 14th day;HSP-70, p38MAPK decreased at 14th, 28th day; NF-kB decreased at 28th day. In model group, TNF-α, IL-1β, NF-kB, p38MAPK and JNK mRNA expression in artery increased compared with control group, excluded HSP-70, and that in Danggui-buxue-tang group decreased significantly. In model group, NF-kB/p65 and p-c-jun protein expression in artery increased compared with control group, and that in Danggui-buxue-tang group decreased significantly. Conclusions The effects of Dang-guibuxuetang on Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome was brought from the regulating of cytokine network at multi-link and multi-target, NF-kB, p38MAPK and JNK signal transduction pathways included. Through which the immune system and whole body reached to a functional balance status.

  7. Analysis of the elemental composition of Tang Sancai from the four major kilns in China using EDXRF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Bo; Liu, Long; Feng, Song-Lin; Xu, Qing; Feng, Xiang-Qian

    2014-01-01

    Tang Sancai was widely used in the Tang Dynasty, and the study of this pottery provides information about the sociocultural aspects of the Tang people. To understand the characteristics of the different kilns for the production of Tang Sancai, Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) was used to analyze 174 Tang Sancai shards. These specimens were selected from four production centers in the Tang Dynasty, namely, the Huangye Kiln, the Huangbu Kiln, the Xing Kiln and the Liquanfang Kiln. The results demonstrate that the clay bodies from different kilns have varying compositions, and each kiln has a unique elemental fingerprint. Of the 17 elements analyzed, TiO2 and Fe2O3 had distinctly different contents in the samples from the Huangye Kiln and the Huangbu Kiln. For the Xing Kiln and the Huangye Kiln, the characteristic elements are Fe2O3 and MnO. For the Xing Kiln and the Huangbu Kiln, the most dissimilar elements are TiO2, MnO and ZnO. When the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was employed, the data points for the Huangye Kiln, the Huangbu Kiln and the Xing Kiln fell into distinct areas. For the Liquanfang Kiln, the contents of Al2O3 and Fe2O3 in white-bodied samples are different from those of other colors, which indicates that at least two types of raw materials were used. When compared with the white-bodied samples from the other three kilns, the white-bodied samples from the Liquanfang Kiln were found to have compositions similar to those of the samples from the Huangye Kiln, rather than the Huangbu Kiln, although the latter is much closer geographically than the former. All the obtained data provide valuable scientific criteria for provenance identification for Tang Sancai of unknown origin.

  8. Analysis of the elemental composition of Tang Sancai from the four major kilns in China using EDXRF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Bo; Liu, Long [Key Laboratory of Nuclear Radiation and Nuclear Energy Technology, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Feng, Song-Lin; Xu, Qing [Key Laboratory of Nuclear Radiation and Nuclear Energy Technology, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Feng, Xiang-Qian, E-mail: fengxq@ihep.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Nuclear Radiation and Nuclear Energy Technology, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2014-01-15

    Tang Sancai was widely used in the Tang Dynasty, and the study of this pottery provides information about the sociocultural aspects of the Tang people. To understand the characteristics of the different kilns for the production of Tang Sancai, Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) was used to analyze 174 Tang Sancai shards. These specimens were selected from four production centers in the Tang Dynasty, namely, the Huangye Kiln, the Huangbu Kiln, the Xing Kiln and the Liquanfang Kiln. The results demonstrate that the clay bodies from different kilns have varying compositions, and each kiln has a unique elemental fingerprint. Of the 17 elements analyzed, TiO{sub 2} and Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} had distinctly different contents in the samples from the Huangye Kiln and the Huangbu Kiln. For the Xing Kiln and the Huangye Kiln, the characteristic elements are Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and MnO. For the Xing Kiln and the Huangbu Kiln, the most dissimilar elements are TiO{sub 2}, MnO and ZnO. When the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was employed, the data points for the Huangye Kiln, the Huangbu Kiln and the Xing Kiln fell into distinct areas. For the Liquanfang Kiln, the contents of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} in white-bodied samples are different from those of other colors, which indicates that at least two types of raw materials were used. When compared with the white-bodied samples from the other three kilns, the white-bodied samples from the Liquanfang Kiln were found to have compositions similar to those of the samples from the Huangye Kiln, rather than the Huangbu Kiln, although the latter is much closer geographically than the former. All the obtained data provide valuable scientific criteria for provenance identification for Tang Sancai of unknown origin.

  9. State TangDynasty's policy about Khitan%论唐朝对契丹的政策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘治川; 肖忠纯

    2014-01-01

    In the TangDynasty,Khitan comprised internal Khitan and external Khitan.External Khitan which is TangDynasty, used Jimi policy for eight Khitan trible. Internal Khitan which is not only incorpo-rated in the TangDynasty registration ,but also is independent of eight Khitan trible.According to the north in the form of changes,TangTaizong implemented Jimi policy for the external Khitan.TangGaozong and WuZetian carried out military striake and hostange stystem.On the basis of the former,TangXuanzong uti-lized intermarriange policy and set up ya officials to disintegrated the external Khitan.TangDynasty incorpo-rated internal Khitan into state household registration to leased obligations and others commitments yong tone,as well as adopt immigration policy inappropriate cases and kept spearate outer external Khitan.It is that external Khitan could defened TangDynasty safety,at the same time,it can weakened Khitan force.At last,it make TangDynasty more stronger.%契丹在唐朝时期可分为外蕃与內蕃两部分。在唐朝羁縻统治下的契丹八部称为外蕃契丹,被唐朝编入户籍独立于八部之外的契丹部落是为內蕃契丹。根据北方政局的变化,唐太宗对外蕃契丹建立羁縻州府加以安抚。唐高宗与武则天在此基础上,采取武力镇压与实行质子制度。唐玄宗在前任统治者的基础上与外蕃契丹进行和亲,同时在其内部任命衙官分割联盟长的权力。唐朝将內蕃契丹编入到国家户籍当中,承担租庸调等义务,并在适当情况下采取移民政策,与外蕃契丹保持分离。这样既能发挥外蕃契丹保疆扩土的职能,又能起到分化契丹族整体势力的作用,最终壮大唐朝的实力。

  10. The Native Origins of the Paekche Refugee Ye (禰 Family and the Background of Their Activities in the Tang Dynasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dongmin Lim

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The excavation of Paekche refugee epitaphs has increased in the 21st century. Among them, the epitaphs of the Ye (禰 family are valuable materials to understand the fall of Paekche, Paekche refugee activity, and their native origins. However, all of the Ye family epitaphs contain different stories about their native origins. More specifically, the native origin and ancestors of the Ye family became more detailed and Sinicized over time. The record of their ancestors is likely to have been fabricated for the future survival of the descendants in the Tang. Although the exact native origin is not clear, it is almost certain that the Ye family lived in Paekche since at least the sixth century and had already become accustomed to Paekche language and culture. With this understanding, it is remarkable how they could have been active in the Tang, just after surrendering, and not in Silla. It was natural for Paekche officials to yield to the Tang because of the situation in both the Tang and Silla. However, other factors related to Paekche were also important. Because Paekche had maintained its cosmopolitan and open attitude coupled with their familiarity with the Chinese language and culture, the Ye family could emigrate to the Tang and hold high status in various fields in East Asia.

  11. [The crude drugs of special location of Sichuan as viewed from the tribute drugs in the Tang dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Qi-Yan

    2003-04-01

    As an important location for drug production in history, the tribute drugs from Sichuan in the Tang dynasty occupied a very large quotas. Hence, the study on Sichuan tribute drugs is conducive to the understanding of the distribution of crude drugs of special location and its rules of evolution in different historical periods, with rather significance for the exploration and utilization of crude drugs. There is a rich resource of crude drugs in Sichuan, exhibiting a conspicuous and zone distribution. According to historical documents of the Tang dynasty, the characteristics of the Sichuan tribute drugs include rich species, extensive distribution, rich special and valuable drugs, and processed drugs. There are over 40 kinds of crude drugs of special location produced in Sichuan. The tribute drugs of the Tang dynasty reveal the evolution of crude drugs of special location. Occupying an important position of crude drugs in the whole country, the crude drugs produced in Sichuan are not necessarily to be all tribute drugs.

  12. Dynamic analysis of 10 components of the Chinese herbal compound Wuzhuyu-tang absorbed into rat plasma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Muxin Gong; Yaxun Wang; Jian Sun; Qiwei Zhang; Zhimin Wang

    2011-01-01

    To clarify the active components of Wuzhuyu-tang, this study analyzed dynamic changes of 10 ingredients of Wuzhuyu-tang in plasma using combination high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry after oral administration in rats. The results showed that seven ingredients were detected in portal vein plasma after oral administration of 16.3 or 8.15 g/kg equivalent of raw material of Wuzhuyu-tang extract. The absorption rate of limonin, evodiamine, gingerol (6-Gi), and ginsenoside-Rg1 was greater than that of isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-glucosyl (6″→1″′)-α-L-rhamnoside, ginsenoside-Rb1 (Rb1), and ginsenoside-Re (Re). The time most elements were absorbed into the blood was 30 to 60 minutes after administration. Re, 6-Gi and Rb1 were metabolized faster. The results suggest that the seven ingredients described above are the active components for treating migraines.

  13. Effects of Wen Dan Tang on insomnia-related anxiety and levels of the brain-gut peptide Ghrelin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liye Wang; Binghe Guan; Xiaolan Liu; Yuehan Song; Feng Li; Yan Liu; Jie Ma; Meng Mao; Fengzhi Wu; Ying Wu; Sinai Li

    2014-01-01

    Ghrelin, a brain-gut peptide that induces anxiety and other abnormal emotions, contributes to the effects of insomnia on emotional behavior. In contrast, the traditional Chinese Medi-cine remedy Wen Dan Tang reduces insomnia-related anxiety, which may perhaps correspond to changes in the brain-gut axis. This suggests a possible relationship between Wen Dan Tang’s pharmacological mechanism and the brain-gut axis. Based on this hypothesis, a sleep-deprived rat model was induced and Wen Dan Tang was administered using oral gavage during model es-tablishment. Wen Dan Tang signiifcantly reduced insomnia-related anxiety and prevented Ghrelin level decreases following sleep deprivation, especially in the hypothalamus. Increased expression of Ghrelin receptor mRNA in the hypothalamus was also observed, suggesting that reduced anxi-ety may be a result of Wen Dan Tang’s regulation of Ghrelin-Ghrelin receptors.

  14. 唐诗中的“郁金”%“Curcuma”in Tang Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田方; 赵翰生

    2016-01-01

    Though there is a variety of Curcuma and each has its name and different plant characters and uses, it is often called curcuma. Among more than 49000 poems in a complete collection of tang poetry, curcuma appears in 25 poems of 19 poets. When translating curcuma in Tang poetry, modern man will have a misunderstanding without knowing the phenomenon and probing deeply. In the paper the writer gives a clear explanation of the main categories and uses of curcuma, generalizes some different images of curcuma in a complete collection of tang poetry and briefly introduces the points when translating different images.%郁金有多个品种,每个都有单独的名称,且植物性状和用途也有差异,但经常统称为“郁金”。在《全唐诗》49000余首诗中,“郁金”一词在19人的诗文中出现,计有25处。现代人在翻译唐诗里的郁金一词时,如若不了解这个现象,不加以深入探究,难免会出现理解上的误区。该文阐释了郁金的主要品类及用途,将《全唐诗》中出现的“郁金”一词几种不同意象进行了归纳,简述了对不同意象翻译应注意的要点。

  15. Intervention effect of traditional Chinese medicine Yi Tang Kang on metabolic syndrome of spleen deficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Xi Liu; Yan Shi

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate effects of herbal compoundYiTangKang on the spleen deficiency metabolic syndrome.Methods:Forty maleWistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: the normal control group and theMS spleen deficiency syndrome group.The control group rats were fed with standard diet and water, whileMS spleen deficiency syndrome group with high fat diet and low dose intraperitoneal injection ofstreptozocin, which swam to the endurance limit. After12 weeks, theMS spleen deficiency syndrome group was randomly divided into two groups, with13 rats in each group.Rats in model group were fed with high fat diet and continuouly administered with daily saline, and rats in intervention group with high fat diet were trated with traditionalChinese medicinesYiTangKang by gavage,2 mL/200 g at the same time every day.10 weeks later, the expression of serum proteomics was investigated through abdominal aortic puncture and separation of serum, using isotope labeling technique, high performance liquid chromatography and four bar-Orbitrap mass spectrometer.Results:After treatment with traditionalChinese medicine yitangkang, in the model group, important carboxylesterase and retinal guanylatecyclase2 precursor were upregulated.As for intervention group, these indesxes were raised, but immunoglobulinIgG, carnitine acetyltransferase, tubulin beta -5, andGanLu sugar binding proteinC were down-regulated.At the same time, some new biological active substances, such as protein tyrosine kinase, beta glucosidase were also found.Conclusions:TraditionalChinese medicinesYiTangKang could regulate glucose and lipid metabolism in rats with spleen deficiency syndrome.

  16. The Therapeutic Effects of Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang in Treating Male Infertility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保存; 张彩霞; 杜雷; 薛武军; 邹鹏

    2001-01-01

    Eight-seven cases of male infertility due to spermatopathy were treated with Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang (SJZZT生精种子汤) for 1-3 courses. The total effective rate was 95.40% (83/87). 56.32% (49/87) of their spouses got pregnant and the semen quality was markedly improved (P<0.01). The results showed that the decoction could dual-directionally regulate the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), prolan B luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone (T), and cortisol (C).

  17. Wei Gao and the Reopening of the Southern Silk Road in the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Xinyu

    2016-01-01

    Weigao was one of the famous Jie-dushi ( regional military commissioners ) of the Jiannan Xichuan ( located in today’s southern Si-chuan) in the Tang Dynasty. During the rule of Wei Gao, he successfully defeated the Tubo, and changed the Tang court’s submissiveness in the southwestern region and the fight between the Tang and Tubo along the southern line. He also restored the links between Yunnan and Xichuan including all the way to the Central Plains, and, as a result, the once closed Southern Silk Road was reopened. A further exploration and evaluation of Wei Gao’s actions and his influence on reopening the Southern Silk Road ought to be given. I. Wei Gao’s Alliance with the Nanzhao King-dom and Reopening the Southern Silk Road In 785 A. D. , Wei Gao arrived in Chengdu and was appointed Jiedushi of Jiannan Xichuan. The situation of Jiannan Xichuan at that time was very critical. After the Tianbao war, the Kingdom of Nanzhao, which had unified the area around Er-hai Lake with the support of the Tang in the past, turned against the Tang and publicly announced its alliance with the Tubo. The Nanzhao Kingdom, to-gether with the Tubo, struck the Tang in the south-western region. This shift not only put the Tang in a submissive position in the southwestern region, but also significantly influenced the relations be-tween the Tang and the Tubo. As the Jiedushi of Jiannan Xichuan, Wei Gao became a unique practitioner and actively promoted a joint strategy in Yunnan. After the Tang decided to make an alliance with the Nanzhao Kingdom, relevant actions were taken immediately. However because relations between the Nanzhao Kingdom and the Tang had been broken for many years, at the beginning, Wei Gao could only communicate through some of the tribal chiefs of the Dongman ( Eastern Barbarians) . Through several years of ef-fort and mutual contact, Wei Gao’s endeavors to make an alliance with the Nanzhao, at last, were effective. Wei Gao’s efforts to make an

  18. Jiang Tang Fang Long Jiao Nang in Treating Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus with Hearing Loss

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Rui-yu; LI Meng; WANG Rui; LI Bin; GUO Ya-jing

    2008-01-01

    To study the efficacy and safety of the Jiang Tang Fang Long Jiao Nang (Hypoglycemic Anti-Deafness Capsule) in treating non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus with hearing loss. Methods Two hundred ninety six patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and hearing loss were randomly assigned to a treatment group(n=164, 208 ears) and a control group(n=132,184 ears). Patients in the treatment group were treated with the Jiang Tang Fang Long Jiao Nang and supplement herbal preparations as indicated by traditional Chinese medicine dialectical assessment, while control patients received glibenclamide and conventional treatments for deafness. Hearing, fasting blood glucose (FBG), post-prandial blood glucose(PBG), 24 hour urine sugar, platelet function indices, blood superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lipid peroxides (LPO) levels, and symptom improvement were compared between the two groups. Results The rate of hearing improvement was 56.7% for the treatment group and 26.6% for the control. FBG, PBG and 24 hour urine sugar improved in both groups, but the last two were superior in the treatment group compared to the control. Symptoms improvement was also superior in the treatment group compared to the control. In patients receiving Jiang Tang Fang Long Jiao Nang treatment, platelet function indices, SOD and LPO were all improved, while only LOP improvement was noticed in control patients. No acute or long-term toxicity was demonstrated for the Jiang Tang Fang Long Jiao Nang in animal tests. The Jiang Tang Fang Long Jiao Nang lowered blood glucose and serum triglycerides in a rat model of alloxan-induced diabetes. Conclusion The Jiang Tang Fang Long Jiao Nang is effective in improving hearing and diabetic indices in diabetic patients with deafness, without significant side effects.

  19. [An investigation into the Jin xiao fang (Prescriptions of Instant Effect), a lost recipe book of the Tang Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Bin; Zhang, Yin-Zhu

    2013-07-01

    Altogether 141 prescriptions in the Jin xiao fang (Prescriptions of Instant Effect), a lost recipe book of the Tang Dynasty are cited in the Wai tai mi yao (Medical Secrets of An Official). Based on the analysis of these citations, it can be sure that the Jin xiao fang was written by Li Jian-yi of the Tang Dynasty, and completed around 724 to 733. These cited prescriptions are related to the clinical subjects, with complicate origins, for example, physicians and scholars. It is characterized by its "xiao yan (efficacy)".

  20. Treatment of 60 Cases of Gouty Arthritis with Modified Simiao Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiu Renbin; Shen Ruizi; Lin Dejiu; Chen Yuanlin; Ye Hongping; Zhu Hanting

    2008-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical effect of a modified Simiao Tang(加味四妙汤 Modified Decoction of Four Wonderful Drugs)for gouty arthritis and its influence on uric acid in blood.Methods:120 cases of gouty arthritis were randomly divided into the treatment group and control group with 60 cases in each group.Modified Simiao Tang(MST)was orally administered to the patients in the treatment group and allopurinol tablet was orally administered to the patients in the control group.The clinical effects of two groups were evaluated after one-week treatment and uric acid(UA)and C-reactive protein(CRP)levels in blood were determined after 1-month treatment.Results:The total effective rate in the treatment group was significantly higher than in the control group,86.7%vs.68.3%(P<0.01).And the treatment group was also significantly better than the control group in decreasing UA and CRP(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Conclusions:MST can significantly improve the symptoms and signs of gouty arthritis and decrease the levels of UA and CRP It is good for gouty arthritis.

  1. Antioxidant and Antiadipogenic Activities of Galkeun-Tang, a Traditional Korean Herbal Formula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soo-Jin Jeong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Galkeun-tang (GKT; Galgen-tang in Chinese and Kakkon-to in Japanese, a traditional herbal formula, has been used for treatment of the common cold. Here, we report in vitro antioxidant and antiadipogenic effects of GKT. GKT increased the activities of scavenging 2,2′-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH radicals. GKT also significantly reduced the malondialdehyde (MDA generation during low-density lipoprotein (LDL oxidation and the electrophoretic mobility of oxidized LDL, indicating inhibitory effects of GKT on Cu2+-mediated oxidation of LDL. Regarding antiadipogenic activity, GKT treatment significantly suppressed lipid accumulation, triglyceride production, and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH activity in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Consistent with this, GKT significantly reduced the secretion of leptin, a major adipokine, in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Overall, our findings suggest that GKT has the potential for antioxidative and antiadipogenic properties.

  2. Traditional Chinese medicine "Qing Yi Tang" alleviates oxygen free radical injury in acute necrotizing pancreatitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    AIM To observe the changes in oxygen free radical (OFR) and the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine "Qing Yi Tang" in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP).METHODS After induction of ANP by injection of sodium taurocholate into pancreatic duct, 16 dogs were randomly divided into control group and Chinese medicine group. Serum amylase, SOD and MDA were determined on postoperative day 1, 2, 4 and 7. The animals were sacrificed on day 7. SOD and MDA in organs were determined, and pathological changes in pancreas were observed.RESULTS As compared with control group, the serum level of amylase (734U/L vs 2783U/L) and MDA (7.8nmol/ml vs 14.8nmol/ml) in Chinese medicine group were decreased on day 7 (P<0.05), while SOD increased significantly (281nU/ml vs 55nU/ml, P<0.01), and similar changes occurred in MDA and SOD in organs, especially in the pancreas; the pathological changes in the pancreas were alleviated as well.CONCLUSION "Qing Yi Tang" is effective in clearing OFRs and alleviating pathological changes in ANP.

  3. Use of herbal dietary supplement si-wu-tang and health-related quality of life in postpartum women: a population-based correlational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Pei-Jen; Lin, Ching-Chun; Chen, Yi Chun; Chuang, Chao-Hua; Tseng, Yu-Ching; Hsieh, Wu-Shiun; Lin, Shio-Jean; Chen, Pau-Chung

    2013-01-01

    Objective. The aim of the study was to explore the association between women's use of herbal dietary supplement Si-Wu-Tang during the postpartum period and their health-related quality of life. Methods. This is a population-based correlational study. We used multistage, stratified, systematic sampling to recruit 24,200 pairs of postpartum women and newborns from the Taiwan National Birth Registry in 2005. A structured questionnaire was successfully administered to 87.8% of the sampled population. Trained interviewers performed home interviews 6 months after the women's deliveries between June 2005 and July 2006. The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form (SF-36) was used to measure the quality of life of the women along with the frequency of Si-Wu-Tang use. Results. Si-Wu-Tang use after delivery improved women's score for bodily pain and also improved their score for mental health when used more than 10 times. In addition, there were increases in general health and vitality scores in the group who continuously used Si-Wu-Tang more than 10 times after using Sheng-Hua-Tang. Conclusion. Use of Si-Wu-Tang after delivery may be associated with women's health-related quality of life especially for those who previously used Sheng-Hua-Tang. These results are exploratory and need to be replicated.

  4. Use of Herbal Dietary Supplement Si-Wu-Tang and Health-Related Quality of Life in Postpartum Women: A Population-Based Correlational Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Jen Chang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of the study was to explore the association between women’s use of herbal dietary supplement Si-Wu-Tang during the postpartum period and their health-related quality of life. Methods. This is a population-based correlational study. We used multistage, stratified, systematic sampling to recruit 24,200 pairs of postpartum women and newborns from the Taiwan National Birth Registry in 2005. A structured questionnaire was successfully administered to 87.8% of the sampled population. Trained interviewers performed home interviews 6 months after the women’s deliveries between June 2005 and July 2006. The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form (SF-36 was used to measure the quality of life of the women along with the frequency of Si-Wu-Tang use. Results. Si-Wu-Tang use after delivery improved women’s score for bodily pain and also improved their score for mental health when used more than 10 times. In addition, there were increases in general health and vitality scores in the group who continuously used Si-Wu-Tang more than 10 times after using Sheng-Hua-Tang. Conclusion. Use of Si-Wu-Tang after delivery may be associated with women’s health-related quality of life especially for those who previously used Sheng-Hua-Tang. These results are exploratory and need to be replicated.

  5. 小青龙汤治疗喘证%Application of Xiaoqinglong Tang for the Treatment of Asthma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明霖; 高杰

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨小青龙汤治疗喘证的临床疗效.方法:查阅《伤寒论》与《金匮要略》中的相关条例,分析方剂和典型病例.结果:小青龙汤出自《伤寒论》是治疗外感风寒,寒饮内停喘咳的常用方,其选药精当,组方严谨.现在临床经常使用本方治疗慢性支气管炎、支气管哮喘.结论:小青龙汤治疗喘证的临床疗效肯定.%Objective: To explore the clinical efficacy of Xiaoqinglong Tang for the treatment of asthma syndrome. Methods: The prescription and typical cases were analyzed by consulting the relevant clauses in Shanghanlun and Jingui Yaolue. Results:Xiaoqinglong Tang, which originated from Shanghanlun was commonly used for the treatment of asthma of externally contracted wind-cold and cold-fluid retention inside type. Xiaoqinglong Tang with its appropriate selection of medicinals and precise construction was often used for the treatment of chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma in clinic. Conclusion: Xiaoqinglong Tang has definite clinical efficacy for the treatment of asthma syndrome.

  6. EFFECTS OF JIANG TANG FANG LONG FORMULA ON INSULIN PRODUCTION AND FUNCTION IN AN ANIMAL MODEL OF DIABETIC HEARING LOSS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Yunxia; LI Ruiyu; JING Jianmei; ZHANG Yanzhuo; LI Meng; LI Bin; FENG Jinping; LI Li; LI Huizhen

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the influence of Jiang Tang Fang Long formula on insulin production and function in an animal model of diabetic hearing loss. Methods Wistar rats (n=60) were randomly divided into 6 groups (10 in each) to receive no treatment (the normal control, Group A), or to receive intra-peritoneal 55 mg/kg streptozotocin with (Groups C, D and E) or without (Group B) subsequent Jiang Tang Fang Long formula treatment at various doses or Yu Long Wan treatment (Group F). After 60 days, fasting blood glucose (FBG), body weight (BW) and fasting insulin (FINS) were recorded and the HOMA-IR and HOMA-βcalcu-lated. Insulin expression in pancreatic tissues was measured by radioimmunoassay. Results Compared with animals that received streptozotocin without rescue treatment (Group B), animals that received higher doses of Jiang Tang Fang Long formula(Groups D and E) showed improved indices of diabetes manifestation (P0.05). Conclusion Our results suggest that Jiang Tang Fang Long formula may improve pancreatic β-cells function which may explain its efficacy in treating diabetic hearing loss.

  7. A New Triterpenoid from "Gualou-xiebai-baijiu-tang" Consisting of Fructus trichosanthis and Bulbus allii mtacrostemi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A new triterpenoid saponin was isolated by bioactivity-guided isolation from "Gualou-xiebai-baijiu-tang" consisting ofFructus trichosanthisi and Bulbus allii macrostemi. Its structure was determined as 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-hederagenin 28-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl (1→6)- β-D-galactopyranosyl ester by means of chemical evidences and spectral analysis.

  8. [Book reviews] The Science of Allelopathy, edited by A. R. Putnam and C. Tang; Allelopathy, by E .L. Rice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeley, J.E.

    1988-01-01

    Review of: Putnam, Alan R., and Chung-Shih Tang (eds.). 1986. The science of allelopathy. Wiley-Interscience Publications, John Wiley and Sons, New York. xi + 317 p. $52.50. Rice, Elroy L. 1984. Allelopathy. Second Edition. Academic Press, New York. xi + 422 p. $71.00.

  9. Yangzhou City in the Sui-Tang Period%隋唐时代的扬州城

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李裕群

    2003-01-01

    Yangzhou was the largest local city of the Sui-Tang period. It consisted of two parts: Zicheng (literally sub-city, but actually the quarter of government offices) and Luocheng (outer city, or the main body of Yangzhou City) . The former stood on Shugang Hill to the north of the latter. Origi- nally it was Jiangdu Palace-city built by Sui Emperor Yangdi, and was rebuilt into Zicheng in the Tang period. Being irregular in plan, it had four gates on the four sides respectively and two streets in a crisscross pattern within the city. The latter, Luocheng, was built below Shugang Hill in the full Tang or a little later. Rectangular in plan with the major axis pointing north and south, it had four gates on each of the eastern, western and southern sides and one gate on the northern side. The main streets led to the city gates respectively and formed a checkerboard-shaped layout with blocks arranged in the checks. Although its plan layout was designed in imitation of the block system in Chang'an and Luoyang, Yangzhou as a commercial city was developed on a gradually-progressing model with blocks emerging earlier than city walls, and the layout of Luocheng embodied the planning principle with mar- kets as the center. This might have reflected that the restrict block system of the Tang period had been relaxed or broken through in commercial cities. In the Northern Song period, the open-style street-and-lane layout in the capital of Bianjing, or the prefecture of Kaifeng, manifested the collapse of the old block system. This is of great significance in the history of Chinese cities, but its source can be traced to Yangzhou City of the Tang period.

  10. On writing brush from Xuanzhou in the Tang Dynasty%唐代宣笔考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文媛媛

    2013-01-01

    In the Tang Dynasty, writing brush from Xuanzhou was called violet pekoe pen because of its special manufacturing materials—violet pekoe. Xuancheng Zhuge family made pens for generations, which were all of high quality so as to have won high reputation, thus writing brush from Xuanzhou was also known as Zhuge pen. The violet pekoe pen and Zhuge pen became the representatives of writing brushes from Xuanzhou. Violet pekoe came from the middle mountain in Xuanzhou lishui, rather than from the Zhongshan Country in Han Dynasty. The writing brush from Xuanzhou was made excellent, people who used writing brush from Xuanzhou were very extensive, and evaluation about it was very high. Writing brushes from Xuanzhou were used tribute pen at least in the Tianbao years of Tang Dynasty. As a tribute pen, the writing brush from Xuanzhou had to meet more strict quality requirements. However, through the prosperity of the Tang and Northern Song Dynasties, the writing brush from Xuanzhou was in decline for a variety of reasons.%  唐代宣笔,因其使用特殊的制作材料——紫毫,而被称为紫毫笔;又有宣城诸葛氏世代做笔,且质量较高,远近闻名,因而宣笔又被称为诸葛笔。紫毫笔和诸葛笔成了宣笔的代名词。紫毫出自宣州溧水中山兔,而非汉赵之中山郡兔毫。宣笔的制作十分精良,使用宣笔的人群非常广泛,人们对其评价也很高。宣笔作为贡笔最晚当在唐玄宗天宝年间。作为贡笔的宣笔,在质量上有着更为严格的要求。然而,经历了唐北宋的繁华后,宣笔因种种原因走向衰落。

  11. Tang Renaissance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    China’s ancient capital Xi’an, famous for the Terracotta Warriors, is going through a cultural and economic revival Xi’an, the provincial capital of Shaanxi Province in central China, is one of the most important cities in the country’s history. Under the name of Chang’an,

  12. Tang Dynasty Epitaph of Sima Shenwei%唐代司马慎微墓志考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红军

    2012-01-01

    Based on text on the Tang dynasty epigraph of Sima Shenwei, now housed at the Qinyang Museum, Henan province, as well as related historical materials, this article studies the life experience of Sima Shenwei and his family lineage, The historical figures and events recorded in this epitaph could supplement history books and local records.%唐代司马慎微墓志现藏河南省沁阳市博物馆。本文根据该志记载,结合相关史料,对墓主司马慎微的生平及其家族世系进行了较为系统的考证。墓志所载有关历史人物、历史事件等内容,可对史书、方志起到纠误、补缺、印证的作用。

  13. Hangekobokuto (Banxia-houpo-tang, a Kampo Medicine that Treats Functional Dyspepsia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetsuro Oikawa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Although abdominal bloating is one of the most bothersome symptoms experienced by patients with functional dyspepsia (FD, therapeutic drugs to relieve abdominal bloating have not been established. We investigated the Kampo (Chinese herbal medicine, Hangekobokuto (Banxia-houpo-tang, HKT for patients with FD from the standpoint of bowel gas retention. The bowel gas volume calculated from a plain abdominal radiogram (gas volume score, GVS in FD patients was significantly higher than that in healthy subjects. Two week administration of HKT in the FD patients showed a significant decrease of GVS. Furthermore, gastrointestinal symptoms, especially symptoms of abdominal pain, indigestion and constipation, all of which are closely related to abdominal bloating, improved significantly in FD patients after the administration of HKT. These results suggest that HKT improves abdominal bloating accompanied by the reduction of bowel gas in FD patients.

  14. Finding fault: Earthquakes during the reign of Tang Dezong (785-805)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortenberry, Kyle S.

    Drawing from trends in environmental and disaster studies, this study examines the meaning of earthquakes within the official histories of China's Tang Dynasty (618-907), specifically those during the reign of Emperor Dezong (r. 785-805), as both historiographic metaphors and incidents of real natural-induced disaster. Earthquakes, like other forms of potentially harmful natural phenomena, demonstrated, the Chinese believed, Heaven's dissatisfaction with a sitting ruler. Over time, ministers and court scholars sought to draw connections between earthquakes and specific forms of behavior in attempts to perhaps prevent future incidents of seismic reproach. And though certain relationships are articulated more clearly in some parts of the histories than others, earthquakes nevertheless demonstrated an ability to engender a great sense of uncertainty and discord within historical memory. Consequently, the reading of the natural world codified in the official histories marked an attempt by the Chinese state to control human behavior for generations to come.

  15. Remote multispectral imaging with PRISMS and XRF analysis of Tang tomb paintings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Rebecca; Zhang, Qunxi; Liang, Haida

    2011-06-01

    PRISMS (Portable Remote Imaging System for Multispectral Scanning) is a multispectral/hyperspectral imaging system designed for flexible in situ imaging of wall paintings at high resolution (tens of microns) over a large range of distances (less than a meter to over ten meters). This paper demonstrates a trial run of the VIS/NIR (400-880nm) component of the instrument for non-invasive imaging of wall paintings in situ. Wall painting panels from excavated Tang dynasty (618- 907AD) tombs near Xi'an were examined by PRISMS. Pigment identifications were carried out using the spectral reflectance obtained from multispectral imaging coupled with non-invasive elemental analysis using a portable XRF.

  16. Concentration serum cortisol data from experimental studies of Yellow Tang fish (Zebrasoma flavescens) from 2011-07-10 to 2011-11-10 (NODC Accession 0125562)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This archival package contains laboratory experiment data that were collected to examine the effects of venting and decompression on Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma...

  17. Open sesame: Identification of sesame oil and oil soot ink in organic deposits of Tang Dynasty lamps from Astana necropolis in China

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Shevchenko, Anna; Yang, Yimin; Knaust, Andrea; Verbavatz, Jean-Marc; Mai, Huijuan; Wang, Bo; Wang, Changsui; Shevchenko, Andrej

    2017-01-01

    .... We found that ruminant (mostly, sheep) fat, cattle ghee and sesame oil were common combustibles in Astana and concluded that sesame as an oilseed appeared in China under Tang Dynasty concomitantly with the expansion of Buddhism.

  18. A Study of Translating Tang Poetry into English in the light of Skopos Theory --take Drinking Alone under the Moon as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国欢; 杜杰

    2012-01-01

    It is still a new field that Skopos Theory is used as the instruction to analyze the translations of Tang poetry. In this essay, the translations of Arthur Waley, an outstanding Sinologist and Xu Yuanchong, "the only expert in china who translated Chinese classical poetry into English and French rhyme", are analyzed in the light of Skopos Theory together for the first time. Keywords: Tang poetry; translation; Skopos Theory; Drinking Alone under the Moon

  19. Jaeumganghwa-Tang Induces Apoptosis via the Mitochondrial Pathway and Lactobacillus Fermentation Enhances Its Anti-Cancer Activity in HT1080 Human Fibrosarcoma Cells

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Jaeumganghwa-tang (JGT, Zi-yin-jiang-huo-tang in Chinese and Jiin-koka-to in Japanese) is an oriental herbal formula that has long been used as a traditional medicine to treat respiratory and kidney diseases. Recent studies revealed that JGT exhibited potent inhibitory effects on allergies, inflammation, pain, convulsions, and prostate hyperplasia. Several constituent herbs in JGT induce apoptotic cancer cell death. However, the anti-cancer activity of JGT has not been examined. In this study...

  20. Experience of Zhou Wenquan in treating Hyperhidrosis using Chaihu Longmu Tang and Ganmai Dazao Tang%周文泉运用柴胡龙牡汤合甘麦大枣汤治疗多汗证经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李岩; 周文泉

    2014-01-01

    Doctor Zhou Wenquan is one of the nation recognized famous veteran TCMdoctor.He has plenty of clinical experience,espe-cially known for distinctive use of TCMformulas and medicines.Doctor Zhou is good at treating hyperhidrosis using Chaihu Longmu Tang and Ganmai Dazao Tang,which regulates qi activity and harmonize yin and yang.%周文泉教授是第四、五批全国老中医药专家学术经验继承工作指导老师,从医50年,积累了丰富的临床经验,尤其在遣方用药方面,独具匠心。周师运用柴胡龙牡汤合甘麦大枣汤调整阴阳,调和气机,治疗多汗证,取得了良好的疗效。

  1. Evaluation of the Influence of Sulfur-Fumigated Paeoniae Radix Alba on the Quality of Si Wu Tang by Chromatographic and Chemometric Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, Ke; Cai, Hao; Duan, Yu; Qiao, Feng-Xian; Tu, Si-Cong; Liu, Xiao; Wang, Xiao-Li; Song, Xiao-Qing; Fan, Kai-Lei; Cai, Bao-Chang

    2016-01-01

    An accurate and reliable method of high-performance liquid chromatographic fingerprint combining with multi-ingredient determination was developed and validated to evaluate the influence of sulfur-fumigated Paeoniae Radix Alba on the quality and chemical constituents of Si Wu Tang. Multivariate data analysis including hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis, which integrated with high-performance liquid chromatographic fingerprint and multi-ingredient determination, was employed to evaluate Si Wu Tang in a more objective and scientific way. Interestingly, in this paper, a total of 37 and 36 peaks were marked as common peaks in ten batches of Si Wu Tang containing sun-dried Paeoniae Radix Alba and ten batches of Si Wu Tang containing sulfur-fumigated Paeoniae Radix Alba, respectively, which indicated the changed fingerprint profile of Si Wu Tang when containing sulfur-fumigated herb. Furthermore, the results of simultaneous determination for multiple ingredients showed that the contents of albiflorin and paeoniflorin decreased significantly (P < 0.01) and the contents of gallic acid and Z-ligustilide decreased to some extent at the same time when Si Wu Tang contained sulfur-fumigated Paeoniae Radix Alba. Therefore, sulfur-fumigation processing may have great influence on the quality of Chinese herbal prescription.

  2. The Limitations of“Three Hundred Tang Poems”as Tang Poetry Anthology%唐诗选本《唐诗三百首》的局限性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丹丹

    2016-01-01

    As anthology, there are some obvious limitations for “Three Hundred Tang Poems”. Poems selected in “Three Hundred Tang Poems”that focus on “gentle style”poems, lack of language concise and express too directly, and be confined to solemn and elegant style, compact structure, rhyme all the time;lack of realistic critics, long narrative and the early Tang dynasty works.%作为唐诗选本,《唐诗三百首》有着明显的局限性。一是《唐诗三百首》在选诗上偏重“温柔敦厚”的诗作,轻语言凝练奇谲、表达过于直接之作;二是在所选诗歌风格、结构、用韵上的局限:风格上忌纤佻浮艳之作,结构上偏爱“起承转合”之作,用韵上偏爱“一韵到底”之作;三是缺乏批判现实之作;四是缺乏长篇叙事之作;五是缺乏初唐之作。

  3. [Line scanning analysis of white porcelain from Gong Kiln in early Tang dynasty by energy disperse X-ray fluorescence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Xue; Mao, Zhen-wei; Feng, Min; Hu, Yao-wu; Wang, Chang-sui; Liu, Hong-miao

    2005-07-01

    Gong kiln, for its long porcelain-firing history, was one of three representative white porcelain kilns in northern China. In order to improve the quality and whiteness of white porcelain, a decorating layer or cosmetic earth was laid on the body surface in Gong kiln during early Tang dynasty, which was able to blot out rough surface and weaken the influence of fuscous body upon surface color. In this paper the main chemical composition of the white porcelain's profile was analyzed by using energy disperse X-Ray fluorescence. The result showed that different materials were used as cosmetic earth during early Tang dynasty, in accordance with the phenomenon under optical microscope. In addition, the glaze belongs to calcium glaze in which plant ash was added.

  4. Tang-Song or Song-Ming: The Significance of a Perspective Shift in Chinese Cultural and Intellectual History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ge Zhaoguang

    2006-01-01

    Discussions on the contrast between the Tang and Song dynasties are common in Chinese cultural and intellectual history.Will it make more sense if the continuity between Song and Ming are emphasized instead? This shift in research perspective will have multiple effects.Instead of paying exclusive attention to the elites and classics,we will focus on common knowledge,thoughts,and beliefs.As a result of this shift in the core of our research interests,the process by which ideas and cultural novelties are institutionalized,popularized,and "conventionalized" will become an important focus of historical research.Shifting our concern from the "original thinking" of the Tang and Song to the "compromise thinking" of the Song and Ming will cause an increase in the kinds of documents about cultural and intellectual history.Such changes in periodization and research perspective can stimulate fundamental changes in the study of Chinese cultural and intellectual history.

  5. Three Ways of Tang Poetry into Music%论唐诗入乐的三种方式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向回; 张璐

    2016-01-01

    根据歌辞与音乐产生先后的不同,唐诗的入乐可分作由乐以定词、选词以配乐与因诗以作曲三种情况。不管何种入乐方式,都会在一定程度上反映出唐代文人与乐人互相成就的关系;而且同一曲调的不同歌辞,有时还可能以不同的方式入乐。唐代的宫中集体创作多以生产入乐歌词为目的,歌词与乐曲往往差不多同时创制,故而要求歌词与音乐双方能够很容易地匹配起来,使得讲求声律、极易入乐的近体诗在唐代成了一代乐章。%According to the order of words and music of poems, the poems into music in the Tang Dynasty can be divided into three ways: set words by music, choose words to match music, compose mu-sic for words. No matter what kind of way, to a certain extent, it reflects the mutual facilitating of the scholars and the musicians in the Tang Dynasty. Many words of the same tune sometimes could come into the music in the different ways. The chief purpose of the collective creation in the palace of the Tang Dynasty was to produce the poems with music, and the words and music could be created almost at the same time. The words and the music require match, so modern-style poetry that stresses rhythm and music became a particular literature in the Tang Dynasty.

  6. On Tang Yin's Visual Allusion%论唐寅的“视觉典故”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱良志

    2012-01-01

    中国画的发展存在着一种可称为“视觉典故”的现象,在文人画中表现最为明显。本文以明代吴门画派画家唐寅为例来讨论其中的相关问题。本文的内容主要包括两个方面,一是“视觉典故”的概念,二是唐寅关于视觉典故的运用。本文认为,视觉典故的运用,使唐寅绘画富有强烈的智慧特点,他的绘画不是图写物象,吟弄花鸟,而是追求生命的“真性”。唐寅绘画视觉典故的运用,反映了明代以来文人画的独特旨趣。%In the development of traditional Chinese painting, there has been a phenomenon labeled as "visual allusion" , which has been shown most distinctly in literati painting. This article takes the painter Tang Yin from the Wu School of painting in the Ming Dynasty for example to discuss some related issues, which mainly involve the concept of "visual allusion" and its application by Tang Yin. By using visual allusions, Tang Yin's paintings became characterized with outstanding wisdom, indicating that he really pursued the truth of life in his paintings instead of illustrating an object as it was. The application of visual allusions by Tang Yin reflected the unique purpose in literati paintings since the Ming Dynasty.

  7. Suan Zao Ren Tang as an Original Treatment for Sleep Difficulty in Climacteric Women: A Prospective Clinical Observation

    OpenAIRE

    Chia-Hao Yeh; Arnold, Christof K.; Yen-Hui Chen; Jung-Nein Lai

    2011-01-01

    Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of women with sleep difficulty during the climacteric period. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) in reducing the impact of sleep disturbance on climacteric women, as measured by Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) and the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL). Sixty-seven climacteric women with sleep difficulty intending to treat receive...

  8. 唐诗中的女性系列形象摭谈%On Female Images in Tang Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑元清

    2015-01-01

    The images of women in Tang poetry reflect the real life experiences of women in Tang Dynas-ty.This paper selects poverty stricken women , spouses of businessmen , maids in the imperial palace and spouses of soldiers for analysis purpose .By analyzing the images of these women from the social , political and economic perspectives , the cultural connotation is revealed so as to help the readers to better under-stand the lives of women in Tang Dynasty .%唐诗中的女性形象是唐代妇女实际生活的写照,本文拟选择贫妇、商妇、后妃宫女、征妇等几个具有代表意义的类别形象进行阐释,从社会政治及经济背景角度分析唐诗中的女性形象,揭示其文化内涵,以深化我们对唐代女性形象的认识。

  9. Evaluation of the influence of sulfur fumigation on the pharmacokinetics of four active ingredients in Si Wu Tang.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, Ke; Cai, Hao; Liu, Xiao; Tu, Sicong; Cao, Gang; Li, Huan; Zhao, Yingying; Song, Xiaoqing; Lou, Yajing; Qiao, Fengxian; Cai, Baochang

    2015-01-01

    Sulfur fumigation may induce the decrease or the chemical transformation of some active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines in vitro. Whether sulfur fumigation can cause the pharmacokinetic changes of the active ingredients in vivo is related to the efficacy and the safety of Chinese medicines' application clinically. A sensitive, specific, and accurate method for the simultaneous determination of paeoniflorin, ferulic acid, senkyunolide A, and senkyunolide I in rat plasma by ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry was developed to evaluate the influence of sulfur fumigation to Si Wu Tang for the first time. Each compound was extracted from plasma samples by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate, and the chromatographic separation was accomplished on an Agilent Extend C18 column with a linear gradient elution. The mass spectrometric detection and analysis were performed by using an AB Sciex triple quadrupole 5500 mass spectrometer in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The validated method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of four compounds in rats after oral administration of sun-dried and sulfur-fumigated Si Wu Tang. The results provided a meaningful basis for evaluating the affection of sulfur fumigation to the clinical application and the efficacy of Si Wu Tang. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  10. The Research of Tang Dynasty Women’s Sports%唐代女性体育活动研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹骐阳; 韩勤英

    2014-01-01

    运用文献资料法研究唐代女性参与体育活动的情况,找出唐代女性体育活动高度发达的原因,结合现代体育项目分类方法,总结出唐代女性参与体育活动的分类及特点如下:唐代女性参与体育运动具有广泛性,上层贵族女性具有娱乐表演性质,下层平民体育运动反映了休闲性质。%The paper mainly uses literature review to analyze women’s participation in major sport events in the Tang Dynasty.It explores the social and cultural background and features of the diversification of women ' s sport in Tang Dynasty and review its impacts on the women .It reckons that the booming politics , economy and culture facilitate the emergence of women's sport in Tang Dynastic .And the sport events are diversified .

  11. Research on Tang Yin’s Making a Living and His Idea%唐寅治生探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐永斌

    2014-01-01

    Tang Yin was born in a selling-drink family and had to help his parents doing some jobs although Tang Yin was prestigious for bel-esprit.Tang Yin had to make a living since he was embroiled into fraudulent practices in imperial ex-aminations and say good-bye to official career consequently.He was invited to being a assistant of Ning Wang named ZHU Chen-hao transitorily firstly,and then he sold his paintings and calligraphies for making a living chronically.Tang Yin atta-ched importance to scholars’making a living sufficiently and he thought that it would be better to making a living than study for scholars on account of his life experience and knowing lower-scholars’living conditions.Tang Yin regarded selling paint-ings and calligraphies as a feasible way of making a living,He pay attention to leaning upon their talents to make a living,but opposed felling back on religion to deceive others for making ill-gotten gains.%唐寅虽一直享有才子之名,但他因出身于“屠酤”之家,又受到科举弊案的牵连,失去了仕进之路,不得不从事治生。先是到宁王朱宸濠府上做门客,不过时间较短,其后长期以出售书画为生。唐寅由于自身的人生经历和对下层文士生活状况的了解,十分重视文人治生,认为文人读书不如先治生。他认为出售书画是一种可行的治生之道,应依靠自己的才能进行治生,反对赚昧心钱。

  12. The administration of Sheng Hua Tang immediately after delivery to reduce the incidence of retained placenta in Holstein dairy cows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Dongan; Wang, Xuezhi; Wang, Lei; Wang, Xurong; Zhang, Jingyan; Qin, Zhe; Li, Jianxi; Yang, Zhiqiang

    2014-03-15

    Sheng Hua Tang, a classical herbal formula consisting of Radix Angelicae sinensis, Ligustici rhizoma, Semen persicae, Zingiberis rhizoma, and Radix glycyrrhizae, is known to be beneficial in alleviating postpartum diseases and facilitating a return to normal reproductive function. This study investigated whether the administration of Sheng Hua Tang within 2 to 4 hours after delivery was effective as a preventive treatment for reducing the risk of retained placenta in Holstein dairy cows. A total of 357 cows, each of which had delivered its calf spontaneously, were randomly allocated to one of two groups. In the treatment group, the cows (n = 175) received Sheng Hua Tang with an oral dose of 0.36 g crude herb per kg·body weight once daily for three consecutive days. The controls (n = 182) received no treatment. The placental retention proportion was 4.0% and 17.0% within 12 hours after delivery in the treated and control animals, respectively (P < 0.01). We found decreases in the calving-to-first-service interval (73.2 ± 25.1 vs. 81.9 ± 32.8 days; P < 0.01), calving-to-conception interval (93.4 ± 38.8 vs. 114.6 ± 42.9 days; P < 0.01), and service per conception (1.5 ± 0.8 vs. 1.9 ± 1.0 days; P < 0.01) in the treatment group compared with the control group. The first artificial insemination conception proportion was higher in the treatment group than in the control group (60.4% vs. 41.1%; P = 0.01). Moreover, the between-group difference in the proportion of cows that were pregnant within 180 days postpartum approached statistical significance (88.2% vs. 80.6%; P = 0.07). Sheng Hua Tang showed beneficial effects in reducing the incidence of retained placenta and improving subsequent reproductive performance in cows. This preventive treatment strategy would be effective in improving the management of puerperal health. The potential benefits of Sheng Hua Tang warrant further investigation to determine whether this preventive treatment strategy can be endorsed as

  13. Research on Segmentation Methods Applicable to Tang Poetry%一种适用于唐诗诗句分词方法的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫伟; 杨秀梅

    2016-01-01

    构建一个全唐诗语料库是使用计算机自动研究唐诗的基础。在对唐诗中的“词”、“复合词”等进行系统定义的基础上,综合唐诗在格律方面的特点,提出一种适用于唐诗诗句分词的方法。该方法先依据唐诗格律特点对诗句进行切分,对不符合词定义的切分结果,再采用现代汉语分词技术中最大逆向匹配算法进行修正。实验结果表明,所提出的方法能有效提高唐诗分词准确率。%The construction of a full Tang poetry corpus is the basis for the study of Tang poetry by computer. Based on the Tang Dynasty in the"word" and "compound" system is defined on the basis of the comprehensive characteristics of Tang poetry in metrical form, proposes a method applicable to segment the Tang poetry. The first method of Tang poetry metrical features segmentation of verse basis, does not conform to the definition of the segmentation results, and then the use of modern Chinese word segmentation in reverse matching algo-rithm is modified. The experimental results show that the method proposed can effectively improve the accuracy rate of Tang poetry word segmentation.

  14. Coptidis rhizome and Si Jun Zi Tang can prevent Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infection in mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiung-Hung Chang

    Full Text Available Salmonella, a common zoonotic pathogen, causes gastroenteritis in both humans and animals. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM has been used to improve gastrointestinal dysfunction and to modify the immune response to inflammation for centuries. This study used six herbal plants and four TCM formulae to rate their efficacy in preventing S. Typhimurium infection via mouse model. Minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC of Coptidis rhizome (CR against the reference strain tallied 12.5 mg/ml and against clinical isolate ST21 was 25 mg/ml. MBCs of other herbal extracts and formulae on Salmonella Typhimurium strains were above 50 mg/ml. In the mice model, CR and Si Jun Zi Tang (SJZT could significantly decrease the bacterial load in organs and blood after being challenged, along with body weight loss due to the infection. CR and SJZT alleviated infection-induced interferon-gamma levels in the serum and tissues, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α levels in intestinal tissues. CR and SJZT serum metabolites could suppress S. Typhimurium invasion and TNF-α expression in RAW264.7 cells. The therapeutic activity of CR and SJZT may involve berberine, ginsenoside Rb1, and glycyrrhizin, interfering with Salmonella when invading macrophages. CR and SJZT has shown potential in preventing S. Typhimurium infection through the regulation of the immune response.

  15. Immune checkpoint blockade therapy: The 2014 Tang prize in biopharmaceutical science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ya-Shan Chen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The first Tang Prize for Biopharmaceutical Science has been awarded to Prof. James P. Allison and Prof. Tasuku Honjo for their contributions leading to an entirely new way to treat cancer by blocking the molecules cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4 and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1 that turn off immune response. The treatment, called "immune checkpoint blockade therapy," has opened a new therapeutic era. Here the discoveries of the immune checkpoints and how they contribute to the maintenance of self-tolerance, as well as how to protect tissues from the excess immune responses causing damage are reviewed. The efforts made by Prof. Allison and Prof. Honjo for developing the most promising approaches to activate therapeutic antitumor immunity are also summarized. Since these certain immune checkpoint pathways appear to be one of the major mechanisms resulting in immune escape of tumors, the presence of anti-CTLA-4 and/or anti-PD-1 should contribute to removal of the inhibition signals for T cell activation. Subsequently, it will enhance specific T cell activation and, therefore, strengthen antitumor immunity.

  16. Flavonoid profiling of a traditional Chinese medicine formula of Huangqin Tang using high performance liquid chromatography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Tao; Zhuang, Shuaixing; Wang, Yiwei; Wang, Yanli; Wang, Weihao; Zhang, Huihui; Chen, Li; Wang, Dunfang; Zhou, Zhongming; Yang, Weipeng

    2016-01-01

    The quality control processes for herbal medicines have been problematic. Flavonoids are the major active components of Huangqin Tang (HQT, a traditional Chinese medicine formula). In this study, we used a combinative method approach consisting of chromatographic fingerprinting (high performance liquid chromatography; HPLC), quantitative methods and a pharmacodynamic evaluation model to analyze the flavonoids of HQT obtained from different sources. Ten batches of HQT were analyzed by the HPLC fingerprinting method and 26 common peaks were detected, of which 23 peaks corresponded with the chemical profile of HQT. In addition, 11 major compounds were identified by LC–MS analysis (liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometer; LC–MSn) and quantified by the HPLC quantitative method approach. The studied 10 batches of HQT were found to be homogeneous in their composition with a similarity between 0.990 and 1.000. The distribution of the 11 identified compounds was found to be very similar among the batches. Only slight pharmacodynamic differences were detected between the different batches, confirming the homogeneity of HQT. The results of this study prove that the combination of chromatographic fingerprinting and quantitative analysis can be readily used for comprehensive quality control of herbal medicines. PMID:27006899

  17. Coptidis rhizome and Si Jun Zi Tang can prevent Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infection in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chiung-Hung; Yu, Bi; Su, Chiu-Hsian; Chen, Daniel S; Hou, Yu-Chi; Chen, Yueh-Sheng; Hsu, Yuan-Man

    2014-01-01

    Salmonella, a common zoonotic pathogen, causes gastroenteritis in both humans and animals. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been used to improve gastrointestinal dysfunction and to modify the immune response to inflammation for centuries. This study used six herbal plants and four TCM formulae to rate their efficacy in preventing S. Typhimurium infection via mouse model. Minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of Coptidis rhizome (CR) against the reference strain tallied 12.5 mg/ml and against clinical isolate ST21 was 25 mg/ml. MBCs of other herbal extracts and formulae on Salmonella Typhimurium strains were above 50 mg/ml. In the mice model, CR and Si Jun Zi Tang (SJZT) could significantly decrease the bacterial load in organs and blood after being challenged, along with body weight loss due to the infection. CR and SJZT alleviated infection-induced interferon-gamma levels in the serum and tissues, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels in intestinal tissues. CR and SJZT serum metabolites could suppress S. Typhimurium invasion and TNF-α expression in RAW264.7 cells. The therapeutic activity of CR and SJZT may involve berberine, ginsenoside Rb1, and glycyrrhizin, interfering with Salmonella when invading macrophages. CR and SJZT has shown potential in preventing S. Typhimurium infection through the regulation of the immune response.

  18. Dang Gui Bu Xue Tang ameliorates coronary artery ligation-induced myocardial ischemia in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chunhua, Ma; Hongyan, Long; Weina, Zhu; Xiaoli, He; Yajie, Zhang; Jie, Ruan

    2017-01-28

    Dang The present study was designed to investigate cardioprotective effects of Dang Gui Bu Xue Tang (DGBUT) on coronary artery ligation-induced myocardial ischemia. Myocardial ischemia (MI) model was induced in SD rats by surgical ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. ST segment elevation of Electrocardiograph (ECG) infarct size, levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK), glutathione (GSH) and catalase (CAT), catalase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and inflammatory cytokines and phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2, p38, c-Jun NH2 terminal kinases (JNK), nuclear factor (NF)-κBp65, inhibitory kappa B (IκB) α, IκB kinase (IKK) α and IKKβ were evaluated in rats treated with or without DGBUT. DGBUT treatment significantly reduced the elevation of the ST segment of ECG, the myocardial infarct size of MI. The level of LDH, CK and MDA were suppressed, the contents of SOD, GSH and CAT were enhanced with DGBUT. The elevated concentration of inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and IL-6 in MI rats were effectively reversed by the DGBUT administration. Also, highly expressed p-JNK, p-ERK, p-p38, p-NF-κBp65, p-IκBα, p-IKKα and p-IKKβ in MI rats were restored respectively by DGBUT treatment. The protective effect of DGBUT against MI injury might be associated with MAPK/NF-кB pathway.

  19. Anti-Inflammatory Effects of the Chinese Herbal Formula Sini Tang in Myocardial Infarction Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiangang Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory profiling of the Chinese herbal formula Sini Tang (SNT in myocardial infarction (MI rats. SNT, a decoction consisting of four herbs: Aconitum carmichaelii, Cinnamomum cassia, Zingiber officinale, and Glycyrrhiza uralensis, was characterized as a remedy to treat syndromes corresponding to heart failure and MI in China. Potential biomarkers, which reflect the extent of myocardial necrosis and correlate with cardiac outcomes following MI, such as atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP, and proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1β (TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β were determined in plasma, serum, and in myocardial tissue of MI rats after treatment with SNT. Our data indicate that SNT decreased significantly the levels of hs-CRP, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in MI rats. SNT decreased the expression of ANP levels in plasma and increased the vascular active marker nitric oxide, which limits vascular inflammation. In addition, SNT could decrease the expression of endothelin-1 levels in rat plasma post-MI. Our data suggest that the Chinese herbal formula SNT has the potential to improve cardiac function after MI. SNT may be a candidate for treating MI and its associated inflammatory responses.

  20. The effect of Jeo Dang-Tang on cytokines production in the patients with cerebral infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Hyun-Ja; Kang, Sei-Young; Kim, Sang-Yong; Lee, Sang-Gwan; Lee, Sung-Geun; Sung, Kang-Keyng; Kim, Hyung-Min

    2003-11-01

    The herbal formulation "Jeo Dang-Tang" (JDT) has long been used for various cerebrovascular diseases. However, very little has scientific investigation been carried out. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of JDT on the production of various cytokines in the patients with cerebral infarction (CI). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from the patients with CI were cultured for 24h in the presence or absence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or phytohemagglutinin (PHA). The amount of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-1beta, in culture supernatant, was significantly increased in the JDT, LPS or PHA treated cells compared to unstimulated cells (P < 0.05). We also show that increased IL-4, and IL-10 level by LPS or PHA was significantly inhibited by JDT in a dose-dependent manner. Maximal inhibition rate of IL-4 and IL-10 production by JDT was 45 +/- 2% and 51 +/- 5% for LPS-stimulated cell and 41.5 +/- 3% and 70.8 +/- 2% for PHA-stimulated cells, respectively (P < 0.05). On the other hand, JDT significantly increased the LPS or PHA-induced TGF-beta1 production (P < 0.05). These data suggest that JDT has a regulatory effect on the cytokines production, which might explain its beneficial effect in the treatment of CI.

  1. The Effects of Maekmoondong-Tang on Cockroach Extract-Induced Allergic Asthma

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    Soojin Park

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Maekmoondong-tang (MMDT has long been used in Asian countries to treat respiratory diseases. However, the precise mechanisms underlying its effects on asthma are unknown. This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of MMDT in a cockroach allergen (CKA-induced animal model of allergic asthma. After being challenged with CKA, the number of macrophages, eosinophils, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and total cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF was evaluated. The Th2 specific cytokines IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 were also analyzed in BALF along with IgE levels in serum. For histological analysis, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E staining, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS staining, and immunohistochemical staining were performed. In addition, airway hyperresponsiveness was assessed by noninvasive plethysmography. The cellular profiles and histopathologic analysis demonstrated that peribronchial and perivascular inflammatory cell infiltrates were significantly decreased in the MMDT-treated groups compared with the cockroach extract-injected (CKA groups. In addition, the IgE, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 levels were significantly decreased in the MMDT group. MMDT treatment also significantly attenuated airway hyperresponsiveness. These results demonstrated that MMDT significantly reduced the hallmark signs of asthma: elevated serum IgE, airway eosinophilia, airway remodeling, mucus hypersecretion, and airway hyperresponsiveness. The remarkable antiasthmatic effects of MMDT suggest its therapeutic potential in allergic asthma treatment.

  2. Effect of Danggui Buxue Tang on immune-mediated aplastic anemia bone marrow proliferation mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xian; Huang, Chong-Gang; Du, Shou-Ying; Yang, Shui-Ping; Zhang, Xue; Liu, Jian-Yi; Xian-QinLuo; Xu, Jia-Hong

    2014-04-15

    To investigate the pharmacological effects of Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT) on immune-mediated aplasia anemia mice. The model of immune-mediated aplasia anemia mice was induced by means of (60)Co γ-ray irradiation and mixed cells of thymus and lymphnode of DBA/2 mice infusion through tail vein, the parameters tested indices were as following: blood picture, bone marrow nucleated cell count (BMNC), murine colony-forming unit-megakaryocytes (CFU-GM) of bone marrow cells, murine colony-forming unit-erthroid (CFU-E) and burst forming unit-erythroid (BFU-E). The results showed that DBT could not only withstand significantly decreation of blood cells by immune-mediated, but also stimulate on the growth of bone marrow colony cell and increase the weight of hemopoietic progenitor of bone marrow. Therefore, DBT had an obvious treat effect on immune-mediated aplasia anemia models mice. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  3. Inhibitory Effects of Daiokanzoto (Da-Huang-Gan-Cao-Tang on P-Glycoprotein

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    Yuka Watanabe

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We have studied the effects of various Kampo medicines on P-glycoprotein (P-gp, a drug transporter, in vitro. The present study focused on Daiokanzoto (Da-Huang-Gan-Cao-Tang, which shows the most potent inhibitory effects on P-gp among the 50 Kampo medicines studied, and investigated the P-gp inhibitory effects of Daiokanzoto herbal ingredients (rhubarb and licorice root and their components by an ATPase assay using human P-gp membrane. Both rhubarb and licorice root significantly inhibited ATPase activity, and the effects of rhubarb were more potent than those of licorice root. The content of rhubarb in Daiokanzoto is double that in licorice root, and the inhibition patterns of Daiokanzoto and rhubarb involve both competitive and noncompetitive inhibition, suggesting that the inhibitory effects of Daiokanzoto are mainly due to rhubarb. Concerning the components of rhubarb, concentration-dependent inhibitory effects were observed for (−-catechin gallate, (−-epicatechin gallate, and (−-epigallocatechin gallate. In conclusion, rhubarb may cause changes in the drug dispositions of P-gp substrates through the inhibition of P-gp. It appears that attention should be given to the interactions between these drugs and Kampo medicines containing rhubarb as an herbal ingredient.

  4. Du Liniang And Juliet-On Shakespeare's Play from the Perspective of Tang Xianzu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭蕾吟; 郭峘

    2013-01-01

    Shakespeare and Tang Xianzu, who totally do not affect each, actually have two love plays. According to this feature, in this paper, I analyze these two plays in the changing subject matter, the theme, characters, the structure, play conflicts, tragedy styles and so on which are approximate in the external form——Romeo And Juliet and The Peony Pavilion, and discuss the differ⁃ences of these two plays and the characteristics and rules of east and west plays.It objectively describes the similarities and differ⁃ences on the conflict and rhythm. Romeo And Juliet and The Peony Pavilion are different in structural style and rhythm, because of different artistic character for each type of drama they belong to. It emphasizes similarities and differences of the tragedy style and the end. Chinese classical tragedy and the Shakespeare tragedy. This paper analyzes and contrasts Romeo and Juliet and The Peo⁃ny Pavilion by the methods of comparison and contrast, and demonstrates different characteristics and styles of east and west plays as well as studies the profoundly historical culture behind the plays.

  5. 唐代典吏考%A Study of Dianli in the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾成瑞

    2016-01-01

    “典吏”是唐代官府职员的类属称谓,学界以往倾向认为其并未有特定所指。新出《天圣令·杂令》有关“典吏”的规定提供了探讨这一问题新的切入点。唐代行用的“典吏”称谓有广义和狭义之分。广义上,“典吏”与“主典”、“典”等称谓意义一致,是对主要从事文书起草、文案检请等工作而有着各种名目的官府低级职员类属称谓。基层官府和新出使职官府相应职位以“典”命名,即“职典”,是狭义的“典吏”。职典未有品阶,唐令以“其称‘典吏’者,‘杂任’亦是”对职典属性进行规范,确立了其在行政体制中与州县府、史、佐等杂任一致的职权与待遇。实际上,广义的“典吏”更为常见,成为文书运作高度程式化和官、吏分途日益明显时代背景的一项印记。%Dianli is a generic appellation of government staffs in Tang Dynasty.Scholars thought it didn’t has specific refer-ence in the past.Farrago Statutes of Tiansheng Statutes,the new material,has a provision on dianli ,that provides a new entry point on discussing this field.Dianli had two kinds meaning:In the wide sense,dianli is the same as zhudian and dian,a name for the staffs who did the paperwork in government.Some government positions were named dian in basic level government and shizhi.These were zhidian,narrow sense of dianli.Zhidian didn’t enter official ranks.Tang Statutes binded “those people who were called dianli were just as another zaren”,gaving the same authority and treatment as zaren,such as ,fu,shi,zuo.In fact, the wide sense of the dianli were more common,which becoming an impress of the age when paperwork is highly stylized and senior officials ,petty officials were divided.

  6. 唐代嫁妆消费考%A Survey of Dowry Consumption in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓

    2014-01-01

    唐代形成提供丰厚嫁妆的习俗是古代婚姻观念由尚门第向重财婚转变的一个重要标志,也是唐宋变革的一个重要方面。政府资助的10贯钱可看作是嫁妆的最低消费,稍微富有之家的嫁妆已十分丰厚,公主的嫁妆约为500万贯,县主的嫁妆约为3630贯。厚嫁的社会风气产生了贫女难嫁、婚姻愆期、卖女娶妇等社会问题。社会和国家主要采取亲友和政府出资助嫁两种措施来应对这种习俗。%The custom of providing abundant dowries were formed in the Tang dynasty , indicating a shift of social value on marriage from social status orientation to money orientation .While the minimum consumption of dowries was 10 guan funded by government , well-off families often provided large dowries .The dowry of a princess was worth about 5 million guan, and that of an agate nushi was 3630 guan.That was the reason why girls from the poor families can hardly get married and in some cases daughters were sold for the sons to get a wife .To deal with this problem, social responses were established where those poor women would get help from either their friends and relations or the government to get married .

  7. Wenshen Xiaozheng Tang induces apoptosis and inhibits migration of ectopic endometriotic stromal cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhenzhen; Cheng, Xiaolan; Gui, Tao; Tao, Jia; Huang, Meihua; Zhu, Li; Luo, Mei; Cao, Peng; Wan, Guiping

    2016-12-24

    Wenshen Xiaozheng Tang (WXT), a traditional Chinese medicine prescription, exerted a good therapeutic effect on endometriosis. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. In the present study, we sought to evaluate the effect of WXT on the proliferation and migration of ectopic endometriotic stromal cells and explore the potential molecular mechanism. Primary stromal cells derived from ectopic endometriotic lesions of patients with endometriosis were isolated and cultured. The inhibition effect of WXT on cell proliferation was determined by MTT. Apoptosis of ectopic endometriotic cells treated with WXT was analyzed with Annexin V-FITC/7-AAD staining. The activation of caspases was detected by western blot analysis. The influence of WXT on migration of ectopic endometriotic cells was measured by scratch wound healing assay and Transwell assay. The DNA binding activity of NF-κB and the expression of nuclear p65 protein were determined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and western blot analysis, respectively. The impact of WXT on the expression of NF-κB regulated gene products involved in apoptosis and migration was determined by western blot analysis. WXT inhibited the proliferation of ectopic endometriotic cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. In addition, WXT treatment resulted in significant induction of apoptosis through the activation of caspases and inhibition of migration in ectopic endometriotic cells. WXT notably suppressed constitutive NF-κB-DNA-binding activity as well as TNF-α induced nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 subunit in ectopic endometriotic cells. Moreover, WXT diminished the expression of NF-κB regulated gene products involved in apoptosis and migration, including c-IAP1, c-IAP2, XIAP, survivin, Mcl-1, COX-2 and MMP-9. Our results indicate that WXT induces apoptosis and inhibits migration of ectopic endometriotic stromal cells. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

  8. Simultaneous determination of multiple marker constituents in concentrated Gegen Tang granule by high performance liquid chromatography

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    Yip Yuekeung

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Concentrated Gegen Tang (GT granule is a widely available traditional Chinese medicinal product for the treatment of cold and flu. There was no reliable analytical method available for the quality assessment of GT granules. Methods An HPLC method with an Agilent Zorbax SB-Phenyl Stablebond column (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm was developed and validated. The mobile phase gradient was a mixture of 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid (TFA in acetonitrile (ACN and 0.1% TFA in water. The detection with a diode-array detector was set at 207, 230, 250 and 275 nm. Seven components, namely puerarin, daidzein, paeoniflorin, cinnamic acid, glycyrrhizin, ephedrine and pseudoephedrine were selected as marker compounds for the evaluation. Results The regression equations revealed good linear relationships (correlation coefficients: 0.9994–0.9998 between the peak areas and concentrations. The recovery was between 98.8% and 101.7% with good precision and accuracy. The quality of GT granule from four different manufacturers was evaluated with this newly developed method. Samples from four manufacturers showed similar profiles but contents of the detected markers varied significantly among manufacturers and batches. Conclusion A new method using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC has been developed for simple and reliable quality control of commercial concentrated GT granules. Sensitivity was increased by multi-wavelength detection. The contents of selected marker components in GT granules varied significantly among manufacturers and batches, making it necessary to evaluate the quality of concentrated GT granules in the market.

  9. Hwangryun-Haedok-Tang Fermented with Lactobacillus casei Suppresses Ovariectomy-Induced Bone Loss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ki-Shuk Shim

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Hwangryun-haedok-tang (HRT is the common recipe in traditional Asian medicine, and microbial fermentation is used for the conventional methods for processing traditional medicine. We investigated the inhibitory effect of the n-butanol fraction of HRT (HRT-BU and fHRT (fHRT-BU on the RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis in bone-marrow-derived macrophages. mRNA expression of osteoclastogenesis-related genes were evaluated by real-time QPCR. The activation of signaling pathways was determined by western blot analysis. The marker compounds of HRT-BU and fHRT-BU were analyzed by HPLC. The inhibitory effect of HRT or fHRT on ovariectomy-induced bone loss were evaluated using OVX rats with orally administered HRT, fHRT (300, 1000 mg/kg, or its vehicle for 12 weeks. fHRT-BU significantly inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis, and phosphorylation of p38, IKKα/β, and NF-κBp65 compared to HRT-BU. In addition, fHRT-BU also significantly inhibited the mRNA expression of Nfκb2, TNF-α, NFATc1, TRAP, ATPv0d2, and cathepsin K. Furthermore, administration of fHRT had a greater effect on the increase of BMD, and greater improved bone microstructure of the femora than that of HRT in ovariectomy rats. This study demonstrated that bacterial fermentation enhances the inhibitory effect of HRT on osteoclastogenesis and bone loss. These results suggest that fermented HRT might have the beneficial effects on bone disease by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis.

  10. 《大唐西域记》异文考辨%A Textual Research on the Variation of Journey to the West in the Great Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛睿龙

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of the variant versions of J ourney to the West in the Great Tang Dynasty found in The Collation and Explanation of J ourney to the West in the Great Tang Dynasty and the Buddhist scriptures,the author of this paper studies different versions of J ourney to the West in the Great Tang Dynasty with the help of literature,exegesis,and lexicography.%以《大唐西域记校注》提供的版本异文和佛经音义书出具的引用异文为材料,利用文献学、训诂学、辞书学等方面的知识,对《大唐西域记》中一些有价值的异文进行了考辨。

  11. 试谈清代唐赛儿形象的发展%The Analysis of the Development of Tang Saier’s Image in the Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李虹瑶

    2015-01-01

    发生于明永乐年间的唐赛儿起义历经一个多月即被平定,明人多是论述起义本身,唐赛儿的形象也比较单一。进入清代,随着时间的延搁、女性思想的继承和民本意识的发展,学者对其形象有了全新的认识。%Tang Saier’s uprising was put down after a month in the Yongle time. Ming people often discussed the uprising itself but Tang Saier’s image was relatively simple. With time went by and the development of female consciousness and people’s awareness, the image of Tang Saier had a new understanding in the Qing Dynasty.

  12. 小柴胡汤在精神疾病中的运用%Application of Xiaochaihu Tang in the mental illness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁德正

    2011-01-01

    This article introduced the use of Xiaochaihu Tang in clinical mental illness, and pointed out that the application of Xiaochaihu Tang should obey observing the main signs and symptoms carefully, but should avoid general purpose. The article also discussed the decocting and taking method of Xiaochaihu Tang, and the author proposed the experience and knowledge of themselves.%文章就小柴胡汤在精神疾病临床上的运用做了介绍,文章指出,临床施用时,要慎察症象,紧扣少阳病之主证,则其效甚佳;然切忌因其"和而效佳"而泛用.文章还就小柴胡汤之煎服方法、"去滓再煎"问题,笔者提出了其家传之经验与认识.

  13. THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE BINDING MEDIA IN THE TANG DYNASTY CHINESE WALL PAINTINGS BY USING Py-GC/MS AND GC/MS TECHNIQUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong GUO

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The archaeological discoveries of Tang tomb murals in Xi’an, China brought to light unprecedented data for the study of the art of the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD. The spectacular murals with their particular contents provided first-hand material for the study of Chinese history and the techniques of wall paintings during the Tang Dynasty. In order to gain a better understanding of the materials used and to preserve those paintings, pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS were applied for the characterization of the binding media in the paintings. The combination of these analytical techniques is an ideal methodology to identify binding media in unknown samples.

  14. Study on the Golden and Silver Sachet in Tang Dynasty%唐代金银香囊研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段丙文

    2011-01-01

    金银香囊是唐代一种用于盛放香料的器物,其质料主要以金、银为主。金银香囊的外部形态为球形,具有里、中、外三层结构,设计巧妙。金银香囊运用了捶揲、錾刻、镂空、鎏金等方式,体现了唐代高超的工艺水平。其纹样大多采用动物纹和植物纹为主体纹样,并衬以珍珠底纹。金银香囊具有华丽、富丽堂皇的时代审美特点,更是开放的唐代社会的精神面貌、思想观念、宗教信仰等文化社会现象的反映。%Golden and silver sachets are some kinds of utensils for putting condiments in Tang Dynasty.They were mainly made of gold or silver.They are looked round with internal,middle and external layers and they were ingeniously designed.The golden or silver sachets were made with the skill of thumping,carving,hollowing out,gilding and blowing and reflected the higher technological level of the Tang Dynasty.The dermatoglyphic patterns took the shape of animal or plant as the main body with the background of pearl shape.The golden or silver sachets have the gorgeous and magnificent aesthetic characteristics of that time.It is also the reflection of social culture of psychological attitude,ideology and religious belief in Tang Dynasty.

  15. Escaping paradise: Larval export from Hawaii in an Indo-Pacific reef fish, the Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eble, Jeff A.; Toonen, Robert J.; Sorenson, Laurie; Basch, Larry V.; Papastamatiou, Yannis P.; Bowen, Brian W.

    2014-01-01

    The depauperate marine ecosystems of the Hawaiian Archipelago share a high proportion of species with the southern and western Pacific, indicating historical and/or ongoing connections across the large oceanic expanse separating Hawaii from its nearest neighbors. The rate and direction of these interactions are, however, unknown. While previous biogeographic studies have consistently described Hawaii as a diversity sink, prevailing currents likely offer opportunities for larval export. To assess interactions between the remote reefs of the Hawaiian Archipelago and the species rich communities of the Central and West Pacific, we surveyed 14 nuclear microsatellite loci (nDNA; n = 857) and a 614 bp segment of mitochondrial cytochrome b (mtDNA; n = 654) in the Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens). Concordant frequency shifts in both nDNA and mtDNA reveal significant population differentiation among three West Pacific sites and Hawaii (nDNA F′CT = 0.116, mtDNA ϕCT = 0.098, P < 0.001). SAMOVA analyses of microsatellite data additionally indicate fine scale differentiation within the 2600 km Hawaiian Archipelago (F′SC = 0.026; P < 0.001), with implications for management of this heavily-exploited aquarium fish. Mismatch analyses indicate the oldest contemporary populations are in the Hawaiian Archipelago (circa 318,000 y), with younger populations in the West Pacific (91,000 – 175,000 y). Estimates of Yellow Tang historical demography contradict expectations of Hawaii as a population sink, and instead indicate asymmetrical gene flow, with Hawaii exporting rather than importing Yellow Tang larvae. PMID:25505806

  16. 对西安市东郊唐墓出土契丹王墓志的解读%Decipherment of the Qidan King Epitaph Unearthed from a Tang Tomb in the Eastern Suburb of Xi'an City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛承雍

    2003-01-01

    In 2001, the epitaph of Qidan King Li Guo Zhe was unearthed from a tomb of the Tang period in the eastern suburb of Xi'an City. The text consists of 369 characters in 19 lines. It records the relationship of Qidan with the Tang Dynasty in the Kaiyuan reign, reflects the contradiction and differentiation in the Qidan ruling group and the policy of the Tang court in the borderland, and narrates Li's career and his posterity's servicing the Tang Dynasty. Combining the text with historical records, the present paper makes a detailed analysis of the fact that Li died in the Qidan territory but his tomb was discovered in the area of the Tang capital Chang'an. The epitaph offers invaluable evidence for the academic study of the early Qidan's activities and their relationship with the "Fang Dynasty.

  17. 唐代经学与诗学关系初探%A preliminary study of the relationship between poetics and Confucianism of the Tang dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘链钰

    2014-01-01

    Because the Tang dynasty advocated political enlightenment and cultural diversity and Confucianism was on the decline,poetics enjoyed good development.Confucianism in the early Tang dynasty experienced a shift from the florid style of the Six Dynasties to a vigorous and practical style. The prosperous period of the Tang dynasty saw the popularity and influence of the three religions though Confucianism was somewhat marginalized.The poetics in this period attached importance to images.This shift in the middle period of the Tang dynasty and the decline of Confucianism in the late Tang dynasty directly led poetics to turn inwardly.Thus,emphasis on the rich implications of poetry was in vogue.The relationships between the poetics and Confucianism of the Tang dynasty shed much light on Neo-Confucianism and later literary criticisms.%唐代因政治开明、文化多元以及经学本身的“式微”给了诗学良好的发展契机。初唐经学一转六朝浮迷虚华之气而重刚健致用之姿,文坛则强烈呼唤风骨之体。盛唐之际三教鼎立而儒学边缘,诗风则儒道禅层色皆染,颇重“意境”之论。中唐经学新变再加晚唐经学衰敝,直接导致诗论向内转的发展趋势,因而“象外之象、味外之味”的诗境成为风尚。唐之经学与诗学之关系给予宋明理学及后世文论极大的借鉴意义。

  18. Clinical research of Tongjing Nazi method acupuncture for postpartum pain%通经纳子法针刺治疗产后身痛的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振; 陈郁葱; 苏丽群

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨治疗产后身痛辨证取穴和时间疗法相配合的问题。方法:收治产后身痛患者120例,随机分为治疗组和对照组,各60例。对照组采用口服独活寄生汤加减,治疗组在常规辨证治疗基础上,加以子午流注纳子法治疗。对两组治疗21 d后进行了疗效评定。结果:治疗组疗效好于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:通经纳子法针刺治疗产后身痛效果优于口服独活寄生汤加减疗法。%Objective:To discuss on the treatment of postpartum body pain syndrome acupoints and therapy time mating problems. Methods:120 patients with postpartum body pain were selected,they were randomly divided into the treatment group and the control group,each of 60 cases.The control group was treated with oral Duhuo Jisheng decoction,the treatment group based on the conventional dialectical treatment,adding Ziwuliuzhu Nazi method treatment.Two groups of the efficacy was evaluated after 21 days treatment.Results:The effect of the treatment group was better than that of the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:The effect of Tongjing Nazi method is better than oral Duhuo Jisheng decoction method in the treatment of postpartum body pain.

  19. A new felt scale genus Macroporicoccus gen. n. (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Eriococcidae) from China, with a redescription of Macroporicoccus ulmi (Tang & Hao) comb. n. .

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nan, Nan; Deng, Jun; Wu, San'an

    2013-01-01

    The Chinese species Cryptococcus ulmi Tang & Hao is found to be distantly related to other sampled Cryptococcus species based on both molecular and morphological study. A new felt scale genus, Macroporicoccus Nan & Wu gen. n., is erected therefore for C. ulmi. The new genus differs from other eriococcid genera due to the presence of large simple pores, here referred to as macrodisc pores. The adult female of Macroporicoccus ulmi (Tang & Hao) comb. n. is redescribed and illustrated. Some important taxonomic characters are illustrated with SEM photographs.

  20. Tang-Luo-Ning Improves Mitochondrial Antioxidase Activity in Dorsal Root Ganglia of Diabetic Rats: A Proteomics Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yanbin; Gong, Yanbin; Zhou, Hui; Xie, Peifeng; Guan, Song; Yi, Wenming

    2017-01-01

    Tang-luo-ning (TLN) is a traditional Chinese herbal recipe for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). In this study, we investigated mitochondrial protein profiles in a diabetic rat model and explored the potential protective effect of TLN. Diabetic rats were established by injection of streptozocin (STZ) and divided into model, alpha lipoic acid (ALA), and TLN groups. Mitochondrial proteins were isolated from dorsal root ganglia and proteomic analysis was used to quantify the differentially expressed proteins. Tang-luo-ning mitigated STZ-induced diabetic symptoms and blood glucose level, including response time to cold or hot stimulation and nerve conductive velocity. As compared to the normal, there were 388 differentially expressed proteins in the TLN group, 445 in ALA group, and 451 in model group. As compared to the model group, there were 275 differential proteins in TLN group and 251 in ALA group. As compared to model group, mitochondrial complex III was significantly decreased, while glutathione peroxidase and peroxidase were increased in TLN group. When compared with ALA group, the mitochondrial complex III was increased, and mitochondrial complex IV was decreased in TLN group. Together, TLN should have a strong antioxidative activity, which appears to be modulated through regulation of respiratory complexes and antioxidases. PMID:28133612

  1. 唐豪武术思想研究%A study of TANG Hao’s thoughts about Wushu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洋; 马金戈

    2012-01-01

      对唐豪的武学思想进行研究。纵观唐豪的著作和人生经历,可以看出他的武学思想主要有博采众长、摒弃门户之见的武术学习思想;以武强国和以武救国的实用武术思想;严谨求真、驳斥虚假的武学考证思想。%  The author studied TANG Hao’s thoughts abut martial arts. From TANG Hao’s works and life experi-ences, it can be seen that his thoughts about martial arts mainly include such a thought about martial art learning as abandoning one’s school taboos and learning extensively from others, such a thought about practical Wushu as making the nation powerful with martial forces and saving the nation with martial forces, and such a though about martial art examination as being precise in truth seeking.

  2. Transport and metabolism of flavonoids from Chinese herbal remedy Xi-aochaihu-tang across human intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jie-yu DAI; Jun-ling YANG; Chuan LI

    2008-01-01

    Aim:To investigate the limiting factors for oral bioavailability of flavonoids derived from the Chinese herbal remedy Xiaochaihu-tang. The investi-gational flavonoids included baicalin, wogonoside, oroxylin-A 7-O-β-D-glucopyranosiduronide, liquiritin, liquiritin apioside, isoliquiritin, and isoliquiri-tin apioside, as well as their aglycones baicalein, wogonin, oroxylin-A, liquir-itigenin, and isoliquiritigenin. Methods: Caco-2 cell monolayers were used and the apparent permeability both in apical to basolateral and basolateral to apical directions was measured for each investigational compound. Meanwhile, chemoinformatics was carried out to provide insight into the mechanism govern-ing the permeability. In addition, carrier-mediated transport with or without in-hibitors, as well as the metabolism by conjugation, was also examined with Ca-co-2 cell monolayers for the flavonoids. Results: The investigational flavonoid aglycones exhibited favorable membrane permeability, but efficient glucuronida-tion and/or sulfation by the enterocytes may limit their bioavailability. For the flavonoid glycosides, their poor membrane permeability was found to be caused by high hydrogen-bonding potential. Among the glycosides, oroxylin-A 7-O-β-D-glucopyranosiduronide, isoliquiritin, and isoliquiritin apioside were transport-ed under the mediation of the efflux transporters multidrug resistance-associated protein and/or P-glycoprotein. Conclusion: The limiting factors of oral bioavail-ability for the flavonoids derived from Xiaochaihu-tang appeared to include poor membrane permeability, significant effiux, and efficient intestinal metabolism by conjugation.

  3. Chemical and Biological Assessment of Angelica Roots from Different Cultivated Regions in a Chinese Herbal Decoction Danggui Buxue Tang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy L. Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Roots of Angelica sinensis (Danggui have been used in promoting blood circulation as herbal medicine for over 2000 years in China. Another species of Angelica roots called A. gigas is being used in Korea. To reveal the efficiency of different Angelica roots, the chemical and biological properties of Angelica roots from different cultivated regions were compared. Roots of A. sinensis contained higher levels of ferulic acid, Z-ligustilide, and senkyunolide A, while high amounts of butylphthalide and Z-butylenephthalide were found in A. gigas roots. The extracts deriving from A. gigas roots showed better effects in osteogenic and estrogenic properties than that of A. sinensis from China. However, this difference was markedly reduced when the Angelica roots were being prepared in a Chinese herbal decoction together with Astragali Radix as Danggui Buxue Tang. In contrast, the herbal decoction prepared from A. sinensis roots showed better responses in cell cultures. In addition, the extracts of A. gigas roots showed strong cell toxicity both as single herb and as Danggui Buxue Tang. This result revealed the distinct properties of Angelica roots from China and Korea suggesting the specific usage of herb in preparing a unique herbal decoction.

  4. Gastroprotective effects of Leejung-tang, an oriental traditional herbal formula, on ethanol-induced acute gastric injury in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, In-Sik; Lee, Mee-Young; Lim, Hye-Sun; Seo, Chang-Seob; Ha, Hye-Kyung; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo

    2013-01-01

    Leejung-tang (LJT, Rechu-to in Japanese and Lizhong-tang in Chinese) is an oriental traditional traditional herbal formula. LJT has been used for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders in Korea, Japan, and China for a long time. In present study, we investigated the protective effects of LJT against absolute ethanol induced gastric injuries. Rats in the control group were given PBS orally (5 mL/kg body weight) as the vehicle, and the absolute-ethanol group (EtOH group) received absolute ethanol (5 mL/kg body weight) by oral gavage. Rats in the positive control group were given omeprazole orally (50 mg/kg body weight) 2 h prior to the administration of absolute ethanol. The treatment groups received LJT (400 mg/kg body weight) 2 h prior to absolute ethanol administration. All rats were sacrificed 1 h after receiving the ethanol treatment. The stomach was excised for macroscopic examination and biochemical analysis. The administration of LJT protected gastric mucosa against ethanol-induced acute gastric injury, including hemorrhage and hyperemia. LJT reduced the increase in lipid peroxidation in ethanol-induced acute gastric lesions. LJT increased GSH content and activities of the antioxidant enzymes, catalase, glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase. These results indicate that LJT protects gastric mucosa against ethanol-induced acute gastric injury by increasing their antioxidant content. We suggest that LJT can be developed as an effective drug for the treatment of acute gastric injury.

  5. Chromatographic isolation of nanoparticles from Ma-Xing-Shi-Gan-Tang decoction and their characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jianwu; Gao, Guanzhen; Chu, Qiuping; Wang, Huiqin; Rao, Pingfan; Ke, Lijing

    2014-02-12

    The herbal decoction is a complex dispersion system containing solutes, colloid, aggregates, emulsions and precipitates. In which phase bioactive phytochemicals are dispersed determines their delivery, action and metabolism. This study took ephedrine, a well-studied and widely used phytochemical, as an example to elucidate its exact distribution in the phases of Ma-Xing-Shi-Gan-Tang decoction (MXSGT), which is an Ephedra sinica Stapf. containing traditional Chinese medicinal formula, and the biological meaning of this distribution correspondingly. It may provide an important update to the safety and efficacy assessment of the herbal decoction and its active phytochemicals. In this study, the decoction was fractionated with size-exclusion chromatography coupled with multi-angle laser light scattering detector. The morphology of fractionated nanoparticles was observed with AFM and SEM. The bioactivities of the decoction, the ephedrine alkaloids loaded NPs (prepared by chromatography isolation) and the synthetic ephedrine were assessed by cell proliferation tests using five cell lines, namely Caco-2, L-02, Hep-G2, NR-8383, and Hela-229. Nanoparticles with radii of gyration ranged from 50 to 150 nm were isolated, in spherical shape. Further analysis of nanoparticles on the subsequent reversed phase chromatography revealed that the majority of ephedrine (99.7%) and pseudoephedrine (95.5%) were associated with these nanoparticles, rather than dispersed freely in the real solution. The addition of both the herbal decoction and the separated ephedrine-loaded nanoparticles reserved higher cell viability/proliferation than that of the sole synthetic ephedrine among the Caco-2, L-02, Hep-G2, and NR-8383 cells. In contrast, the nanoparticles reduced the proliferating power of ephedrine on Hela-229 cells. In general, the ephedrine-loaded NPs conducted the intermediate influences on the cell viability, in either way. The colloidal nanoparticles were separated from the decoction

  6. Antioxidant activity of Qizhu Tang%芪术汤的抗氧化作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学江; 丰平

    2000-01-01

    目的:探讨芪术汤的抗氧化作用.方法:芪术汤由黄芪、白术、三七和茯苓四种中药组成.对芪术汤全方研究的同时,进行该方的拆方研究及单味药研究,以DPPH、氧自由基清除活性以及药物对鼠肝组织匀浆中TBARS形成的抑制等项实验作为检测指标,进行体外抗氧化活性观察.同时,复制大鼠脑缺血/再灌注损伤的动物模型,观察芪术汤在预防和治疗脑缺血/再灌注损伤中的作用.结果:芪术汤及其三种不同形式的组方、部分单味药都具有较好的体、内外抑制TBARS的形成,提高GPX酶活性的功能,但芪术汤全方比其他形式的组方及单味药具有更高的抗氧化活性.结论:芪术汤是良好的抗氧化损伤天然药物,对脑缺血/再灌注损伤具有有效的预防和治疗作用.%AIM: To study the antioxidant activity of Qizhu Tang ( QZT) both in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: QZT consists of 4 herbal constituents (Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, Poria cocos, Radix Notoginseng, and Radix Astragali), each of the components and their combinations were examined in vitro for 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities, and for the inhibition of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) formation in rat liver homogenate. At the same time, their in vivo protective effect on cerebral ischemia-areperfusion injury was determined in rats. RESULTS: Only the preparations having a higher antioxidant activity comparable to QZT in all three in vitro assays were relatively active in vivo both for TBARS inhibition and glutathione peroxidase preservation, although the activities were much lower than that of QZT as a whole. CONCLUSION: QZT formula is a good natural antioxidant having an effective preventive effect against cerebral ischemia repeffusion damgge.

  7. 2D geometric morphometric analysis casts doubt on the validity of large tanged points as cultural markers in the European Final Palaeolithic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serwatka, Kamil; Riede, Felix

    2016-01-01

    Large tanged points are known from several Final Palaeolithic technocomplexes in Europe. In different regions, they are known by different labels (e.g. Bromme points, Lyngby points, and Teyjat points) and are often given culturally and hence chronologically diagnostic status as important fossiles...

  8. 论唐传奇中的墙意象%On the Images of Wall in the Legends of Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧

    2012-01-01

    The images of wall appeared frequently in the Legends of Tang Dynasty, which contained different cultural implications, high/ighting the special spiritual world in Tang Dynasty. First, with the romantic feeling, Tang people were courageous to break through the "shield wall" made up of evil force. Second, under the "enclosing wall" made up of ethics and marriage system, men and women in Tang Dynasty had addicted to the fatalism, which they wanted to escape from at the same time. Third, there was "empty wall", which was hard for men to touch especially when their dreams of being an official or a suceessful man came into disillusion, it is obvious that through the images of wall we can know the multiple themes of Tang Dynasty, such as polities, society, life. love and relia'ion.%在唐传奇中,墙意象频繁出现,带着不同的文化意蕴,彰显出唐人特殊的心灵世界:既有邪恶力量铸成的“盾墙”下敢于博弈的浪漫主义情怀,又有礼教与“户婚”制度所铸成的“围墙”下唐代男女沉溺与逃脱的双重宿命,还有唐人“仕梦”与“尘梦”幻灭后无法触碰的“空墙”。从而使得“墙”意象成为唐朝政治、社会、人生、爱情、宗教等多重主题的载体。

  9. Sediment transport and decadal morphodynamic changes in the Tang Estuary with a Re-Migrating inlet, Iranian Coastline of the Oman Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosratpour, Behrouz; Amjadi, Soma; Haghshenas, S. Abbas

    2016-04-01

    The Tang Estuary located on the Iranian Coastline of the Oman Sea, The estuary's inlet is a rare re-migrating one which connects the Tang bay/estuary to the Oman Sea. The estuary experiences considerable floods and sediment load during occasional intense rainy periods. The upstream watershed supplies the narrow inlet channel with heavy sediment load twice a year on average. Moreover, a reef acts as a headland/natural offshore breakwater, which results in the formation of a tombolo in front of the estuary inlet. The most important feature of the system is the migration of the channel and the inlet which has occurred at least three times during the past 50 years. Considering the importance of this dynamic system and corresponding sediment discharge, physiography and watershed analysis of the Tang Estuary is investigated and sediment discharge from the channel and its sand content are estimated in the first step. A numerical model has been utilized to investigate cases of flow and sediment transport behaviour in the coastal Tang area and future migration patterns of the re-migrating inlet is estimated. The morphodynamic changes are investigated by analysing two sets of aerial photos taken in 1967 and 1993, a series of high resolution satellite images from 2008 and 33 series of lower resolution data in the period of 1966 to 2015 in a GIS framework to investigate decadal evolution of the Tang Estuary the past five decades. Eventually, numerical results are compared with field observations and comprehensive GIS based analysis of historic shoreline changes from aerial photos and satellite imagery. Management guidelines and suggestions are deducted and drawn from the calibration and verification of the results with field observations and satellite image analysis.

  10. Foreignization and Influence of Music and Dance in the Tang Dynasty%唐代乐舞的异域化及其影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段曙霞

    2012-01-01

    In the ancient China, music and dance, typical of rich exotic feature, reached their peak in the Tang Dy- nasty. The introduction of exotic music and dance in the Tang Dynasty took on an exotic trend in music, dance, musical instruments and dancing costumes, which had a profound impact on the development of court and folk mu- sic as well as the creation of the Tang Poetry. Study of foreignization of music and dance in the Tang Dynasty not only enables us to have a better understand of music and dance in the Tang Dynasty during the cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries, but also have a positive significance in extracting the essence of foreign cul- tures and constructing the multi - cultures in today's China.%唐代是中国古代乐舞文化发展的高峰时代,浓郁的异域特色是唐代乐舞的显著特点。异域乐舞的传入使唐代乐舞在乐曲、乐舞、乐器、舞服等方面都带有明显的异域化倾向,这对当时宫廷和民间的乐舞发展以及唐代诗词的创作都产生了深刻的影响。对唐代乐舞异域化及其影响的研究,不仅能够了解中外文化交流下唐代乐舞的风貌,而且对当代在汲取外来文化精华的过程中构建中国多元文化也具有积极意义。

  11. 浅析唐代书法教育的特点%Characteristics of Tang Dynasty Calligraphy Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李谷雨; 曹昕

    2012-01-01

    唐作为中国我国古代书法艺术的繁盛时期,同时也是书法艺术正规教育的开创时期。在史书中书法家数以千计,硕果累累,唐书几乎可以与唐诗相媲美。在贞观群臣的大力倡导、推动下,唐朝政府在科举中首设书科考试,开办书法学校,设置书法专业课程、书法教师,编定学制。在我国文化史上,唐朝政府首创了书法艺术的正规教育。在办学、招生、应试、教材、教学、等方面,积累了一整套的成功经验。对今天我们的书法教育的开展、普及、提高有很好的借鉴作用。从官学中的书法教育和书法私学教育两个方面进行寻绎论证。探寻唐代书法教育的特点。%Tang Dynasty, as the boom of China China's ancient art of calligraphy, is the pioneering period of the calligraphy art's formal education. In our cultural history, the Tang government's first started formal education in the art of calligraphy. It accumulated a complete set of successful experience in schools, enrollment, examination, teaching materials, etc.,. The paper analyzes two aspects, calligraphy and calligraphy in private school education of Official.And it explores the characteristics of the Tang Dynasty calligraphy education. This is a good reference of the launching and popularization in our calligraphy education.

  12. Anti-Hyperglycemic Activity of Shan Tang Ping an Ethanol Extract from Yew Tree in Diabetic Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The extracts of yew tree have showed unique anti-tumor and anti-leakematic activities. Taxol extracted from it is effective against a variety of cancers, such as ovarian cancer and breast cancer. However the hypoglycemic efficacy of the extract has not been reported yet, so the effects of oral administration of yew tree extracts on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were examined. Administration of shan tang ping(STP), a fraction from the column separation of extract (450mg/kg body weight), for 14 days reduced the serum glucose concentrations of fasted diabetic rats by 52.4%. In addition, it also decreased the concentrations of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed, a significant improvement in glucose tolerance was observed in rats treated with STP. These results suggest that STP has hypoglycemic properties and hypolipidemic action on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

  13. CARDIOPROTECTIVE ROLES OF THE CHINESE MEDICINAL FORMULA BAO-XIN-TANG ON ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN RATS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yang; Wang, Weihao; Peng, Weijun; Liu, Weiping; Cai, Weijun; Xia, Zian; Zhang, Honggeng; Xing, And Zhihua

    2017-01-01

    Bao-Xin-Tang (BXT) is a traditional Chinese medicinal formula used for the treatment of coronary heart disease and known to have favorable therapeutic benefits. The current study was designed to determine whether BXT has a cardioprotective role for acute myocardial infarction. The underlying mechanisms were also explored. The Sprague-Dawley rat model of acute myocardial infarction was established by occluding the left anterior descending branch of the coronary artery. After a 3-h ischemic period, we determined the myocardial infarction size, inflammatory components, and antioxidant activities. The data showed that BXT could reduce the infarction size and lower the levels of C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and myeloperoxidase, and increase the activities of superoxide dismutase and the anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10. These results indicate that administration of BXT, following acute myocardial infarction, could reduce infarct size. The effects of BXT may be related to its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties.

  14. 河北邢台市唐墓的清理%Excavation of Tang Period Tombs in Xingtai City, Hebei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢台市文物管理处

    2004-01-01

    In the 1990s,the Xingtai Municipal Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments excavated ten Tang period tombs in the city proper.There are brick-chambered graves and cave ones.The unearthed objects include painted pottery jars,a three-colored bo bowl and a yu ewer,a single-spouted pot,porcelain bowls and ewers,and epitaphs.Of them the gourd-shaped ewer,three-colored bo,green-glazed yu and yellow-grazed single-spouted pot are found for the first time in the city proper.The porcelain and three-colored pottery must have belonged to Xing ware,and have important value to the study of the typology of Xing ware as well as economy and culture at that time.

  15. A Bite of Hu Flavour in Diets of Tang Dynasty%唐代舌尖上的胡味

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锡涛

    2015-01-01

    Tang Dynasty was an innovative, open and tolerant society with booming economy and constant re-newals, which was characterized by strong Hu flavor in diet. There were plenty kinds of Hu diets on staples, vegetables, fruits, wines and flavourings. While pastries were the staple diet, there were such vegetables as spinach, cucumber, eggplant, preserved pickle, lettuce and such fruits as golden peach, grape, date and fla-vourings as sugar, parsley, pepper and such wine as grape wine, long-gao wine. The popularity of Hu diet in Tang Dynasty accelerates the multi-ethnic mélange of dietetic cultures.%唐代是个改革、开放与包容的社会,经济发展,吐旧纳新,人们在饮食上多体现出胡味现象,胡食品种繁多,集中体现在主食、蔬菜、水果、酒及调味品上。主食多吃面饼,蔬菜主要有菠菜、黄瓜、茄子、榨菜、莴苣等,水果有金桃、葡萄、波斯枣等,调味品主要有蔗糖、香菜、胡椒等,酒有葡萄酒、龙膏酒等水果酒。唐代胡食的盛行,加快了我国多民族饮食文化的融合发展。

  16. WeiLing Tang in Treating 53 Cases of Acne%胃苓汤治疗痤疮53例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周荣; 彭琪; 张敏

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察胃苓汤治疗痤疮的临床疗效。方法:将102例痤疮患者随机分为2组,治疗组53例采用胃苓汤加味治疗,1剂/d,水煎分服;对照组49例采用西药维A酸乳膏治疗。2组均连用6周,观察疗效,并于治疗前后记录痤疮皮疹数目。结果:总有效率治疗组为90.6%,对照组为75.5%,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:透热除湿法治疗痤疮有良好疗效。%Objective:To survey clinical effects of WeiLing Tang in the treatment for acne. Methods:All 102 patients were randomly separated to two groups, 53 cases of the treatment group took modified WeiLing Tang, one dose per day, water decocted;49 cases of the control group were given with tretinoin cream. Both groups were treat-ed for six weeks, curative effects were observed, the numbers of acnes and rash were recorded before and after treat-ing. Results:Total effective rate of the treatment group was 90.6%, higher than 75.5%of the control group, the dif-ference showed statistical meaning (P<0.05). Conclusion:The method of heat-penetration and dampness-eliminat-ing is effective in treating acne.

  17. 论唐代的水灾与政府赈济%The Floods and Government Relief in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甄尽忠

    2012-01-01

    关于唐代自然灾害与社会赈济的研究,近年来受到学者们的高度重视,成果大量涌现。但在以往的研究成果中,多是侧重于对自然灾害发生的总体状况及社会应对措施的研究(1),而对单项自然灾害(尤其是水灾)及社会赈济方面,却鲜有提及。本文就唐代水灾发生的概况、造成的社会危害及国家赈济政策与措施等方面进行系统的梳理,以期对这一问题有一个全面的了解和认识。%Floods frequently occurred in Tang Dynasty,it have 231 times in all,and take mainly in 7,8,9 months.The frequent floods brought serious damage to the people's life,economic development and the stability of social order.The rulers of Tang Dynasty carried out a series of relief measures after the floods,the main of them were distributing relief materials,loan,reducing taxes,allotting grain,death relief and helping victims of flood build house,etc.These measures play a certain role in lightening disaster and ensuring the basic life of flood victims.

  18. Shape variation in Aterian tanged tools and the origins of projectile technology: a morphometric perspective on stone tool function.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu Iovita

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Recent findings suggest that the North African Middle Stone Age technocomplex known as the Aterian is both much older than previously assumed, and certainly associated with fossils exhibiting anatomically modern human morphology and behavior. The Aterian is defined by the presence of 'tanged' or 'stemmed' tools, which have been widely assumed to be among the earliest projectile weapon tips. The present study systematically investigates morphological variation in a large sample of Aterian tools to test the hypothesis that these tools were hafted and/or used as projectile weapons. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Both classical morphometrics and Elliptical Fourier Analysis of tool outlines are used to show that the shape variation in the sample exhibits size-dependent patterns consistent with a reduction of the tools from the tip down, with the tang remaining intact. Additionally, the process of reduction led to increasing side-to-side asymmetries as the tools got smaller. Finally, a comparison of shape-change trajectories between Aterian tools and Late Paleolithic arrowheads from the North German site of Stellmoor reveal significant differences in terms of the amount and location of the variation. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The patterns of size-dependent shape variation strongly support the functional hypothesis of Aterian tools as hafted knives or scrapers with alternating active edges, rather than as weapon tips. Nevertheless, the same morphological patterns are interpreted as one of the earliest evidences for a hafting modification, and for the successful combination of different raw materials (haft and stone tip into one implement, in itself an important achievement in the evolution of hominin technologies.

  19. Changes of Some Indices of Low Flow affected by Climate Change in the Tang Panj Sezar Basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mozayyan

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Due to the effects of climate change on water resources and hydrology, Changes in low flow as an important part of the water cycle, is of interest to researchers, water managers and users in various fields. Changes in characteristics of low flows affected by climate change may have important effects on various aspects of socioeconomic , environmental, water resources and governmental planning. There are several indices to assess the low flows. The used low flow indices in this research for assessing climate change impacts, is include the extracted indices from flow duration curve (Q70, Q90 and Q95, due to the importance of these indices in understanding and assessing the status of river flow in dry seasons that was investigated in Tang Panj Sezar basin in the west of Iran. Materials and methods: In this paper, the Tang Panj Sezar basin with an area of 9410 km2 was divided into 6 smaller sub catchments and the changes of low flow indices were studied in each of the sub catchments. In order to consider the effects of climate change on low flow, scenarios of temperature and precipitation using 10 atmospheric general circulation models (to investigate the uncertainty of GCMs for both the baseline (1971-2000 and future (2011-2040 under A2 emission scenario was prepared. These scenarios, due to large spatial scale need to downscaling. Therefore, LARS-WG stochastic weather generator model was used. In order to consider the effects of climate change on low flows in the future, a hydrologic model is required to simulate daily flow for 2011-2040. The IHACRES rainfall-runoff model was used for this purpose . After simulation of daily flow using IHACRES, with two time series of daily flow for the observation and future period in each of the sub catchment, the low flow indices were compared. Results Discussion: According to results, across the whole year, the monthly temperature in the future period has increased while rainfall scenarios show

  20. Excavation of City-walls of Sui-Tang Luoyang City in 1995~1997%隋唐洛阳城城垣1995~1997年发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国社会科学院考古研究所洛阳唐城队

    2003-01-01

    In 1995~1997, the Tang Luoyang City Archaeological Team of IA, CASS, excavated within the palace city on the site of Sui-Tang Luoyang City. They revealed the southern palace-city wall, the eastern and western walls of the west partitioned city, the eastern wall of the east partitioned city, the southern wall of the Xuanwu City, and the eastern and western walls of the east city. The results show that the palace-city walls can be divided into two phases and the palace-city of Sui-Tang Luoyang was built at least twice, and that the walls of the partitioned cities are thinner, ordinary partitions. The discoveries provided important material data for clarifying the plan layout of the palace-city of Sui-Tang Luoyang and its changes.

  1. The Similarities and Differences of Three Xiexin Tang Based on Syndrome Factors Differentiation and Analysis%运用证素辨证分析三泻心汤的异同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓志远; 王镘佳

    2016-01-01

    Objective:Apply syndrome factors to analyze similarities and differences on the Pinellia Xiexin Tang,Ginger Xiexin Tang and Liquorice Xiexin Tang. Methods:To collect previous analysis of three Xiexin Tang and screen related symptoms,then calculate the contribution of symptoms and syndrome factors,finally, determine disease-bit elements and nature syndrome elements,and rename new syndromes. Results:Disease-bit elements of Pinellia Xiexin Tang are spleen and stomach ,and nature syndrome elements are wet ,Qi deficien-cy and Qi stagnation. Disease-bit elements of Ginger Xiexin Tang are liver,spleen and stomach,and nature syndrome elements are retained fluid and Qi stagnation. Disease-bit elements of Liquorice Xiexin Tang are stomach and mind,and nature syndrome elements are wet,heat,Qi stagnation and Yin deficiency. Conclusion:Pathogenesis of three Xiexin Tang is Qi stagnation ,but they have different emphases. Pinellia Xiexin Tang is basic prescription. Ginger Xiexin Tang attaches importance to Qi stagnation and liver-stomach disharmony. Liquorice Xiexin Tang focuses on wet and virtual thermal disturbance.%目的:运用证素辨证分析半夏泻心汤、生姜泻心汤、甘草泻心汤的异同,明确三者的作用方向。方法:收集前人对三泻心汤的论述,筛选相关症状,通过计算各症状对证素的贡献度的和,确定三者的病位证素和病性证素,得出证名。结果:半夏泻心汤的病位证素是脾、胃,病性证素是湿、气虚、气滞,生姜泻心汤病位证素是肝、脾、胃,病性证素是饮、气滞,甘草泻心汤的病位证素是胃、心神,病性证素是湿、热、气滞、阴虚。结论:三泻心汤病机不离气滞,但各有侧重,半夏泻心汤为基本方,生姜泻心汤最重气滞兼肝胃不和,甘草泻心汤侧重湿与虚热上扰。

  2. Interpretation of Two Words in “Full Tang Literature”%《全唐文》词语考释二则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈正正

    2014-01-01

    《全唐文》是现存最大的唐代文集,其中保存了相当多的中古汉语语料。现以“比拟”、“叨居”两词为例,分析其源流变化,以期更准确地把握文义,方便进一步地古籍阅读和整理。%“Full Tang Literature” is one of the biggest existing corpus in Tang Dynasty , which saved quite a lot of medieval Chinese language corpus .Taking two words “bini” and “daoju” as examples , this article attempts to analyze their origins and changes to grasp the literary content more accurately , which is convenient for further read-ing and tiding ancient books .

  3. 《旧唐书·郭子仪传》疑义考辨%Textual Research on Old Book of Tang ·Biography of Guo Ziyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘晶安; 尤炜祥

    2015-01-01

    Guoziyi was the most important royal minister of Tang Dynasty.Old Book of Tang ·Biography of Guob Ziyi is important historical material for the research of Guo Ziyi and “An-Shi Rebellion”,but some years,names,official ranks are wrong in this Biography,and some important historical facts may have mistakes.23 doubtful cases are discussed in this paper.%郭子仪为唐室第一功臣。《旧唐书·郭子仪传》为研究郭子仪生平及“安史之乱”的重要史料,但内中不仅年代、名姓、官职有误,且重要史实均有可商榷之处,举疑义23例予以考辨。

  4. 唐代科举制度与朋党之争%The Imperial Examination System and the Cabals Scramble in the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马丽

    2001-01-01

    The establishment and perfection of the imperi al examination system in the Tang Dynasty were the inevitable outcome of the high development of the feu dalistic economy. The scrambles between the bureaucracy clique of the landlord c lass and the old families of power and influence were the peculiar phenomenon in the Tang Dynasty. The two had close relationships.%唐代科举制度的确立与完善,是封建地主经济高度发展的必然结果;科举制度之下形成的地主阶级的官僚集团与旧的门阀势力之间的斗争——朋党之争,是唐代社会特有的历史现象,二者之间有着密不可分的关系。

  5. 论唐代贫富分化与政府控制%The Rich-Poor Divide and Government Control in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢厚杰

    2016-01-01

    唐代,社会各阶层间的贫富两极分化十分明显。行业收益的差异,阶级特权主宰下的利益分配模式,以及税负的严重不均,导致贫富之间田产占有和生活水平出现惊人差距。唐政府试图通过调整田产占有、均平税役负担、救济贫弱民众等举措,控制贫富两极分化态势的发展。但由于调控方式的局限与制度层面的痼疾,历项举措皆无法取得长效,并未能阻止贫富之间的两极分化与群际矛盾的尖锐化。%In the Tang Dynasty ,there existed an obvious polarization between the rich and the poor .The differ‐ence of income among different professions ,the distribution pattern of interest dominated by privilege class , and severe inequality of tax burden led to the alarming gap on the amount of the field and the standards of living between the rich and the poor .Tang government tried to control the land situation ,adjust the tax burden of different hierarchy labor ,and relieve the poor people ,in order to control the development trend of polarization . However ,due to the limitations of government’s initiatives and the defect of the regulation ,Tang government was unable to prevent the polarization between the rich and the poor ;in the end ,Tang government collapsed and demised .

  6. Buddhist kepan and literary theory of the early Tang Dynasty%佛经科判与初唐文学理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伯伟

    2007-01-01

    The term kepan 科判 means to divide a text into chapters andparagraphs.By explicating the context of Buddhist kepan and its influence on theexplanation of Confucian classics,this paper tries to demonstrate how wideand profound this influence was on literary criticism in three aspects:literarycriticism,fluency and coherence of writing,and relationships between the authorsof literary theories and Buddhism in the early Tang Dynasty.

  7. Immunomodulatory Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Injury Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Chia-Hung Lin; Ching-Hua Yeh; Li-Jen Lin; Shulhn-Der Wang; Jen-Shu Wang; Shung-Te Kao

    2013-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang (SFYCT), consisting of 13 medicinal plants, was used to treat patients with lung diseases. This study investigated the immunoregulatory effect of SFYCT on intratracheal lipopolysaccharides- (LPS-) challenged acute lung injury (ALI) mice. SFYCT attenuated pulmonary edema, macrophages, and neutrophils infiltration in the airways. SFYCT decreased inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF α ), interleukin-1 β , and...

  8. Clinical Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Suan Zao Ren Tang, for Sleep Disturbance during Methadone Maintenance: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan-Yu Chan; Yi-Hung Chen; Szu-Nian Yang; Wan-Yu Lo; Jaung-Geng Lin

    2015-01-01

    Methadone maintenance therapy is an effective treatment for opiate dependence, but more than three-quarters of persons receiving the treatment report sleep quality disturbances. In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, we recruited 90 individuals receiving methadone for at least one month who reported sleep disturbances and had Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores > 5. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Suan Zao Ren Tang, one of the most commonly prescribed ...

  9. Liver injury induced by a Japanese herbal medicine, sairei-to (TJ-114, Bupleurum and Hoelen Combination, Chai-Ling-Tang) R1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiba, Tsuneo; Takahashi, Toru; Suzuki, Kenji; Okoshi, Shogo; Nomoto, Minoru; Uno, Katsuji; Aoyagi, Yutaka

    2007-05-01

    The case is reported of a man who showed acute hepatitis with jaundice after he was given a Japanese herbal medicine, sairei-to (TJ-114, Bupleurum and Hoelen Combination, Chai-Ling-Tang). Unusually, the component thought to be responsible for the observed drug-induced liver injury was able to be identified. Lymphocyte migration inhibition testing indicated that the tuber of the perennial herbage Pinellia ternate was the causative agent.

  10. Study on Anti-depression Effects of Xiaochaihu Tang%小柴胡汤抗抑郁作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    原红霞; 韦彩柳; 程遥

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察小柴胡汤的抗抑郁作用.方法:本实验将小鼠随机分成5组,即小柴胡汤高中低剂量组( 27,18,9g·kg -1剂量组,ig每天1次,连续给药7d)、盐酸氟西汀组(20 mg·kg-1)、空白对照组(分别ig给予等体积的生理盐水).采用小鼠悬尾、小鼠强迫游泳实验,以小鼠不动时间为指标来评价小柴胡汤的抗抑郁作用.结果:小柴胡汤高、中、低剂量组均能够显著缩短小鼠悬尾及强迫游泳不动时间.结论:小柴胡汤具有明显的抗抑郁作用.%Objective; To investigate the antidepressant action of Xiaochaihu Tang in mice. Method; Mice were randomly divided into five groups; Xiaochaihu Tang high, middle, low dose groups ( orally given for 7 days, 27, 18, 9 g · kg· d-1 ) , fluoxetine group and control group. The tail suspention test (TST) , forced swimming test (FST) were applied to evaluate antidepressant activities. Mice immobility time in forced swimming test and tail suspension test were observed. Result; Compared with the control group, the immobility time of TST and FST were shorted in Xiaochaihu Tang high, middle, low dose groups. Conclusion; Xiaochaihu Tang has certain antidepressant effect.

  11. 试论唐代法律中的涉外法%Tentative Discussion on the Foreign-related Laws of Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王栋亮; 郜俊斌

    2014-01-01

    唐代是中国古代社会的鼎盛阶段,政治、经济和文化的发达,为唐朝对外交往奠定了坚实的基础。这一时期,大量外国人来到唐朝学习和经商,为了保障外国人在唐朝活动应当享有的正当权利,稳定正常的社会生活秩序,唐政府专门制定了一系列涉外法律条文。这些法律条文涉及外国人出入唐朝边境的规定,外国人在唐朝生活、学习、经商等诸多方面的内容,体现了唐代法律开明严谨的特点。%Tang Dynasty is the prime stage of Chinese ancient society,and its prosperity in politics,economy and culture lays a solid foundation for it diplomacy. In this period,a large number of foreigners came to study and did business. In order to protect the lawful rights of foreigners in Tang and maintain the social order,the Tang government specially worked out a series of foreign-related laws concerned with the regulations on foreigner's border crossings,life,study and business,which reflects the liberal and rigorous at-tributes of the law of Tang Dynasty.

  12. Tang Song Ci from the Perspective of Music%音乐视角下的唐宋词流变论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐悦

    2015-01-01

    The Tang and Song Dynasties, the word and the instruments are closely related. Musical instruments are in a variable, the form of the word is changed, the word mood, rhythm also change, which is a key factor in the Tang and the Five Dynasties and two Song style’s difference .The words and music by clutch, cooperation between the music with the contemporary scholars also has a direct effect on rheological style of words. In a word, Tang and Song poetry under the influence of the music gradually transformed from the musical literature to pure literature .%唐宋时期,词与乐器有着密不可分的关系。乐器一变,词的形式既随之而变,词的情调、音律也随之而变,这正是唐五代两宋词风格迥异的关键。而在词与乐相离合的过程中,乐与同时代文人之间的配合也对词的风格流变有直接影响。总之,唐宋词在音乐的影响下逐渐从音乐性文学向纯文学转化。

  13. Clinical Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Suan Zao Ren Tang, for Sleep Disturbance during Methadone Maintenance: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan-Yu Chan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Methadone maintenance therapy is an effective treatment for opiate dependence, but more than three-quarters of persons receiving the treatment report sleep quality disturbances. In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, we recruited 90 individuals receiving methadone for at least one month who reported sleep disturbances and had Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI scores > 5. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Suan Zao Ren Tang, one of the most commonly prescribed traditional Chinese medications for treatment of insomnia, improves subjective sleep among methadone-maintained persons with disturbed sleep quality. Ninety patients were randomly assigned to intervention group (n=45 and placebo group (n=45, and all participants were analyzed. Compared with placebo treatment, Suan Zao Ren Tang treatment for four weeks produced a statistically significant improvement in the mean total PSQI scores (P=0.007 and average sleep efficiency (P=0.017. All adverse events (e.g., lethargy, diarrhea, and dizziness were mild in severity. Suan Zao Ren Tang is effective for improving sleep quality and sleep efficiency among methadone-maintained patients with sleep complaints.

  14. Clinical Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Suan Zao Ren Tang, for Sleep Disturbance during Methadone Maintenance: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Yuan-Yu; Chen, Yi-Hung; Yang, Szu-Nian; Lo, Wan-Yu; Lin, Jaung-Geng

    2015-01-01

    Methadone maintenance therapy is an effective treatment for opiate dependence, but more than three-quarters of persons receiving the treatment report sleep quality disturbances. In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, we recruited 90 individuals receiving methadone for at least one month who reported sleep disturbances and had Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores > 5. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Suan Zao Ren Tang, one of the most commonly prescribed traditional Chinese medications for treatment of insomnia, improves subjective sleep among methadone-maintained persons with disturbed sleep quality. Ninety patients were randomly assigned to intervention group (n = 45) and placebo group (n = 45), and all participants were analyzed. Compared with placebo treatment, Suan Zao Ren Tang treatment for four weeks produced a statistically significant improvement in the mean total PSQI scores (P = 0.007) and average sleep efficiency (P = 0.017). All adverse events (e.g., lethargy, diarrhea, and dizziness) were mild in severity. Suan Zao Ren Tang is effective for improving sleep quality and sleep efficiency among methadone-maintained patients with sleep complaints.

  15. Innovation of Tang Music and Dance%试论创新是唐乐舞再铸辉煌的必由之路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛晓妮

    2011-01-01

    From the comparison and analysis between the dance "Tang Dynasty Hua Zhang"and"Tang Dynasty Music and Dance",it offers an insight into the reason why the latter is out of date,and argues that only by making a full range of innovation and enhancing its entertainment towards the public as the dance drama "Everlasting Regret",Tang Dynasty Music and Dance can recast glory and keep the art tree evergreen.%从舞蹈《大唐华章》与《仿唐乐舞》的比较剖析中,洞察到后者落伍的缘由,论证指出仿唐乐舞只有像舞剧《长恨歌》那样进行全方位的创新,着意面向公众,增强其娱乐性,才能重铸辉煌,永葆艺术之树常青。

  16. Effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang on deficiency of N-glycan/nitric oxide and islet damage induced by streptozotocin in diabetic rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Qiu Liu; Ling Wu; Xue-Jun Guo

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (Decoction for Reinforcing Middle Jiao and Replenishing Qi) on deficiency of N-glycan/nitric oxide (NO) and islet damage induced by injecting two medium doses of streptozotocin (STZ). METHODS: Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ at 55 mg/kg on day 1 and day 8. Islet damage was evaluated using a scoring system. Nitrite, nitrate, α-mannosidase and amylase activities were measured by colorimetry. N-glycan patterns of amylase were determined with lectin [ConA, pisum sativum agglutinin (PSA), peanut agglutinin (PNA), and lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA)] affinity precipitation method. RESULTS: Severe islet necrosis and mild islet atrophy were observed in diabetic rats. The number and size of islets, the activities of α-mannosidase, amylase and nitrite were decreased, while the binding of PNA and LCA to amylase was increased. All of which were improved after treatment with Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang. Islet damage was significantly correlated with nitrite, nitrate, α-mannosidase, amylase and the binding of LCA, PNA, and PSA to amylase. PNA, and PSA to amylase.CONCLUSION: STZ- induced i s let damage i s related to N-glycan def iciency in proteins by blocking α-mannosidase activity and no deficiency, accumulation of unfolded proteins, and endoplasmic reticulum stress and activation of cellular signals, all of which are improved after treatment with Bu-Zhong-Yi- Qi-Tang.

  17. Marriage-for-Peace Policy of Tang Dynasty to Nanzhao Kingdom%唐朝对南诏的“和亲政策”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨刚

    2014-01-01

    In ancient China,central dynasty governed minority and ethnic areas through "Jimi" Policy,which included the"Marriage-for-Peace" Policy. Tang Dynasty frequently applied the "Marriage-for-Peace" Policy to handle with the complicated relationships with ethnic groups. But Tang took such a policy once in dealing with the relationship with Nanzhao Kingdom and failed eventually. This article analyzes the failure of the policy and evaluates the policy as such so as to enrich relevant researches of the relationship between TangDynasty and Nanzhao Kingdom.%“和亲”政策是古代中央王朝对少数民族及民族地区实施羁縻的重要内容。唐朝建立后在处理复杂的特定民族关系时广泛运用“和亲”的安边政策,但对地处南方的南诏政权仅“和过一次亲”而且最终以失败告终。分析和亲政策失败的原因,并对和亲政策予以评价,以丰富学界对唐朝与南诏关系的相关研究。

  18. Excavation of a Tang Tomb at Huanghe Road in Chaoyang City,Liaoning%辽宁朝阳市黄河路唐墓的清理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辽宁省文物考古研究所; 朝阳市博物馆

    2001-01-01

    In May-July, 1993, a tomb of the Tang period to the north of Huanghe Road inChaoyang city was excavated by the Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology andthe Chaoyang Municipal Museum. It is a brick-built round single-chambered grave and consists of atomb-passage, gate, corridor, chamber and seepage trough. Despite its repeated robberies in early times,the tomb yielded numerous funeral objects, including 71 terra-cotta and two stone tomb-figures, twobronze mirrors and an ivory courtier' s-tablet. The tomb-figures are exquisitely and vividly made andconstitute the cream of the grave goods unearthed from Tang tombs in the Chaoyang area. Judging fromits size as well as the great number and variety of its funeral objects, the tomb must have belonged to aperson who enjoyed a high position before his death. The co-existence of terra-cotta tomb-figures withCentral Plains characteristics, clay ones in the western style and stone ones with northern features indicates that in the Tang dynasty, before the An and Shi rebellion, the Chaoyang area was an importantregion of multi-national exchange and amalgamation. The grave should be dated to the Wu Zetian reign ora little later.

  19. On the correlation between the formation of the "Maowusu Desert" and land use in Liuhu sub-prefecture in the Tang dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ai Chong

    2006-01-01

    The historical changes of the "Maowusu Desert" can be divided into three phases:the late Tang dynasty phase,the Song-Yuan-Ming dynasty phase,and the late Ming dynasty to the present phase.Different parts of the desert were formed in different times,with the northwestern part being the earliest to form.As all evidence shows,the Maowusu Desert in its early stage is believed to have taken shape largely around the ancient site of the You state during the years of Tianbao in the Tang dynasty,which is nowadays the eastern half of the Etuoke banner and Prior-Etuoke banner.The formation of the initial Maowusu Desert is not attributed to the so-called over-cultivation from farming but to the long-time exceedingly quartered husbandry starting from the 4th year of the Zhenguan to the years of Tianbao in the Tang dynasty,which resulted in the destruction of the ecology of the natural grassland.

  20. 昭宗与唐末文坛%ZhaoZong Emperor and the Tang Dynaste last phase literary circles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐乐军

    2014-01-01

    昭宗通过整治科场不公,希望选拔儒学忠贞之士为其所用,但其整治行动不过是治标不治本的临时之举,难免人亡政息。较之于父、兄(懿、僖二帝),昭宗个人品格强之数倍,其行实对于韩偓等人的创作起了正面积极的影响,其他文坛创作,即使有细枝末节上的批评也是出自于爱深恨切的忠心。昭宗《菩萨蛮》诸词,深受唐末文坛词作兴盛风尚影响,并首将家国兴亡之感写入,下启李煜,文学史意义不容低估。遇弑后,限于恐怖时代氛围,文坛未能形成口诛笔伐的讨逆行动,但忠义之士,如韦庄、罗隐、韩偓等人,仍发出了正义的呐喊。昭宗与唐末文坛的互动与关联,显示出其人格品行的正面影响价值。%Zhao Zong through regulation since the injustice, hope selection Confucianism of loyalty and chastity for its use, but the campaign is only temporary stopgap, is that.Compared with father and brother Yi, Xi two times of emperor, Zhao Zong character strong, the real for the creation of Han Wo, played a positive impact, other literary creation even with all the minor details of criticis-malso from a love hate cutting deep loyalty.Zhao Zong Pusa of theword, by the end of the Tang Dynasty literary words for the pros-perity ofthe country and the first fashion, a sense of the rise and fall into, and Li Yu, the significance of literary history should not be underestimated.In case of murder, limited to terrorist atmosphere of the times, literaturehas not formed for inverse action condemn both in speech and in writing, but loyalty such as Weizhuang, Luo Yin, Han Wo et al., still gave out just loud cry.Interaction and correlation of Zhao Zong and late Tang Dynasty literature, indicate the positive influence the personality value, worth.

  1. Protective effects of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang and its component group on collagen-induced arthritis in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yaohua; Hu, Zhenlin; Wang, Shuping; Dong, Xinxin; Xiao, Cheng; Jiang, Miao; Lv, Aiping; Zhang, Weidong; Liu, Runhui

    2013-12-12

    Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang is a famous Traditional Chinese medicine consisting of Rhizoma coptidis (Coptis chinensis Franch, Ranunculaceae), Radix scutellariae (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Labiatae), Cortex phellodendri (Phellodendron amurense Rupr. Rutaceae) and Fructus gardeniae (Gardenia jasminoide Ellis, Rubiaceae) in a weight ratio of 3:2:2:3.This formula was described by Wang Tao (in the Chinese Tang Dynasty) in his treatise "Wai Tai Mi Yao". It has been used to treat inflammation, hypertension, gastrointestinal disorders, and liver and cerebrovascular diseases in the clinical practice of Traditional Chinese medicine, especially in treating inflammation for nearly two thousand years. However, the essential compounds in it have not been identified, and the mechanisms remain to be addressed. To investigate the protective effects of HLJDT and its component group (HLJDT-CG) on collagen-induced arthritis in rats. CIA was established in male Wistar rats with subcutaneous injection of type II bovine collagen at the base of the tail of animals. CIA rats were treated daily with oral administration of HLJDT aqueous extracts (270 mg/kg) or HLJDT-CG (40 mg/kg) once per day from day 6 to day 28. Rats in normal and vehicle control groups were given an equal volume of vehicle (0.9% saline) and 0.025 mg/kg Dexamethasone was given to the Standard group at the same time. The protective effect of them were assessed by measuring arthritis index, swelling, the cytokines such as TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-17 in serum, type II collagen antibodies, splenocyte proliferation and so on. The results demonstrated that treatment of CIA rat with either HLJDT aqueous extracts or HLJDT-CG not only ameliorated the symptoms of arthritis, prevented joint damage but also reduced the serum levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-17 in CIA rats. Anti-CII antibodies showed the similar trend except that of IgG1. Furthermore, HLJDT aqueous extracts and HLJDT-CG administration also suppressed CII

  2. Clinical Application of Renshen Yangrong Tang%人参养荣汤临床应用举隅

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云海

    2013-01-01

    人参养荣汤出自,由人参、白术、茯苓、炙甘草、熟地、当归、白芍、陈皮、五味子、远志、黄芪、桂心、生姜、大枣等药组成,具有益气补血、养血安神之功,临证此方多用于治脾肺气虚,荣血不足所致惊悸健忘、寝汗发热、食少无味、身倦肌瘦、色枯气短、毛发脱落等.近年来,笔者根据"异病同治"的原理,抓住"气血亏虚"之病机,运用人参养荣汤灵活加减治疗多种病证.文章介绍了该方在治疗病毒性肝炎、不寐、脱发、经期延长等方面的临床疗效.%Renshen yangrong tang is recorded in Tai Ping Hui Min He Ji Ju Fang(《太平惠民和剂局方》 ),composed by ginseng, atractylodes, poria cocos,prepared liquorice root,prepared rehmannia root,angelica , white paeon)' root, tangerine peel, schisandra chinensis, polygala root, astragalus, cinnamon, ginger, Chinese data,etc. It acts on benefiting qi,tonifying blood,nourishing blood and calming down the mind. This formula is commonly used in the treatment of palpitation, poor memory, night sweating, fever, poor appetite, lassitude, skinny body, pale complexion, shortness of breath, hair loss and the others caused by spleen and lung qi deficiency and blood insufficiency. In recent years, the writer has applied the modified renshen yan-grong tang to treat various disorders based on the pathogenesis of qi and blood deficiency and in the principle of"using the same therapy for different disorders". This paper introduced the clinical efficacy of this formula on viral hepatitis,insomnia,hair loss,prolonged menstrual period,etc.

  3. Based on the Viewpoint of "Shaoyang as Pivot" to Analyze Xiaoyindan Tang and Xiaoyangdan Tang%基于“少阳为枢”图解小阴旦汤、小阳旦汤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁永林; 李金田; 史光伟; 李应存; 韩琦; 贾斌

    2016-01-01

    小阴旦汤证是外感阳邪致“精化为气”太过,则少阳生气大过,少阳为枢功能偏向于助东方升气,使六经升的力量表现太过,总体上表现“天气下降”不及,则取芍药“酸收”以抑太阳之开(少阳升气),取黄芩“苦降”以助阳明之合(少阳天气),更取姜草枣正补脾胃“地气”,用药之性味补入下降的力量,矫正少阳为枢偏于升太过的病证;而小阳旦汤证是外感阴邪致“精化为气”受阻(不及),则少阳生气不及,少阳为枢功能难以使地气上升,使六经升的力量表现不及,总体上表现“地气上升”不及,则取桂枝“辛开”以助太阳之开(少阳升气),取赤芍“酸收”以助降南方火气和西方天气,再取姜草枣正补脾胃“地气”,用药之性味补入上升的力量,矫正少阳为枢偏于升不及的病证.至于赤白芍之活用,则根据二者对阴的力量赤泄白补,小阴旦汤用白芍助阴以增加降的力量,小阳旦汤改用赤芍药则恰为防止白芍助阴而更加阻碍“地气上升”,且能泻南方火气太过.%The symptom of Xiaoyindan Tang is exogenous pathogenic factors "into Yang Qi" is resort to too much rage.Shaoyang for the pivot function tends to help lifting the Eastern Qi,make six liters power perform a lot,which performed by the "weather down" less and then to take acid Shaoyao to suppress peony the sun open (Shaoyang lift Qi),take the bitter Huangqin to help the Yangming (Shaoyang weather).What' more,it takes Ginger,Jujube,Licorice to tonify spleen and stomach Qi.The character and taste of medicine produce the function of reinforcing and reducing,which decreased the power of correction of Shaoyang diseases tends to rise too.For the Xiaoyinyangdan Tang syndrome is exogenous pathogenic factors "into Qi"(less),then blocked Shaoyang lifting Qi as Shaoyang for the pivot function is difficult to make up to six liters of Qi,power as the performance,the overall performance of "Qi rising

  4. Antidepressant-like effects of the ethanolic extract of Xiaobuxin-Tang, a traditional Chinese herbal prescription in animal models of depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG You-zhi; LI Yun-feng; YU Neng-jiang; YUAN Li; ZHAO Yi-min; XIAO Wen-bin; LUO Zhi-pu

    2007-01-01

    Background Xiaobuxin-Tang, a traditional Chinese herbal prescription recorded in a silk scroll unearthed from Mogao Caves of Dunhuang has been indicated that it can remit depressive disorder. The present study was designed to investigate its antidepressant effects in various animal depression models.Methods Xiaobuxin-Tang was extracted by 70% alcohol, and then three behavioral despair models and 5-Hydroxytryptophan (HTP)-induced head twitch response model were adopted to assess the antidepressant effects of the ethanolic extract of Xiaobuxin-Tang with the study on spontaneous motor activity. Groups of mice and rats received oral treatment with Xiaobuxin-Tang (150-1200 mg/kg) only once acutely in all tests. The duration of immobility was measured during the last 4 minutes of the 6-minutes test period in mice forced swimming test, rats forced swimming test and mice tail suspension test. In 5-HTP-induced head twitch response, the mice were intraperitoneally administered with 120 mg/kg of L-5-HTP, and then the cumulative number of head twitches was counted in 20 minutes. Spontaneous motor activities of mice were recorded automatically in 10 minutes by VIDEOMEX-V image analyticsystem.Results The extract at doses of 300 mg/kg (p.o.) and 600 mg/kg (p.o.) significantly decreased the duration of immobility time in a dose dependent manner in mice forced swimming test; also, the extract at dose of 1200 mg/kg (p.o.)significantly decreased the duration of immobility time in rat forced swimming test. Furthermore, the extract at a dose of 600 mg/kg had the same effect in mice tail suspension test. Meanwhile, the extract at the effective doses for behavioral despair models, had no effect on spontaneous motor activity in mice. The extract (300-1200 mg/kg, p.o.) also increased the accumulative number of the 5-HTP-induced head twitch response in mice in 20 minutes.Conclusion Our results suggested that the ethanolic extract of Xiaobuxin-Tang exerts antidepressant-like effect.

  5. Antidepressant-like effects of the ethanolic extract of Xiaobuxin-Tang, a traditional Chinese herbal prescription in animal models of depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, You-zhi; Li, Yun-feng; Yu, Neng-jiang; Yuan, Li; Zhao, Yi-min; Xiao, Wen-bin; Luo, Zhi-pu

    2007-10-20

    Xiaobuxin-Tang, a traditional Chinese herbal prescription recorded in a silk scroll unearthed from Mogao Caves of Dunhuang has been indicated that it can remit depressive disorder. The present study was designed to investigate its antidepressant effects in various animal depression models. Xiaobuxin-Tang was extracted by 70% alcohol, and then three behavioral despair models and 5-Hydroxytryptophan (HTP)-induced head twitch response model were adopted to assess the antidepressant effects of the ethanolic extract of Xiaobuxin-Tang with the study on spontaneous motor activity. Groups of mice and rats received oral treatment with Xiaobuxin-Tang (150 - 1200 mg/kg) only once acutely in all tests. The duration of immobility was measured during the last 4 minutes of the 6-minutes test period in mice forced swimming test, rats forced swimming test and mice tail suspension test. In 5-HTP-induced head twitch response, the mice were intraperitoneally administered with 120 mg/kg of L-5-HTP, and then the cumulative number of head twitches was counted in 20 minutes. Spontaneous motor activities of mice were recorded automatically in 10 minutes by VIDEOMEX-V image analytic system. The extract at doses of 300 mg/kg (p.o.) and 600 mg/kg (p.o.) significantly decreased the duration of immobility time in a dose dependent manner in mice forced swimming test; also, the extract at dose of 1200 mg/kg (p.o.) significantly decreased the duration of immobility time in rat forced swimming test. Furthermore, the extract at a dose of 600 mg/kg had the same effect in mice tail suspension test. Meanwhile, the extract at the effective doses for behavioral despair models, had no effect on spontaneous motor activity in mice. The extract (300 - 1200 mg/kg, p.o.) also increased the accumulative number of the 5-HTP-induced head twitch response in mice in 20 minutes. Our results suggested that the ethanolic extract of Xiaobuxin-Tang exerts antidepressant-like effect.

  6. 氨糖胶囊的急性和亚急性毒理学评价%Acute and Subacute Toxicological Assessment of An'tang Caspsule

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林丽萍; 杜芳琼; 莫杰明; 吕晔; 席建红

    2015-01-01

    An'tang capsule was a functional food by increasing bone mineral density which comprising glucosamine hydrochloride, chondroitin sulfate, calcium carbonate and Vitamin D. Inorder to provide scientific basis for rational development and utilization of An'tang capsule ,its dietary safety was studied.Acute toxicity test and thirty-day feeding test set on for An'tang capsule were investigated according to the health food inspection and evaluation of technical specifications. Male and female rats acute oral maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of An'tang capsule was greater than 20.0 g/kg.bw which indicated that it was actually non-toxicity. Furthermore , the results indicated that no significant difference of the rat growth, body weight, food intake and food utilization,rout blood and biochemical index, which indentified that An'tang capsule was safety for human being.%氨糖胶囊系由氨基葡萄糖盐酸盐、硫酸软骨素、碳酸钙和维生素D组成的具有增加骨密度功能的保健食品,为判定其对人体健康是否产生危害,特进行了安全性毒理学评价.依据《食品安全性毒理学评价程序》,对氨糖胶囊进行了急性毒性试验和30 d喂养试验.结果表明,氨糖胶囊对雌、雄小鼠的急性经口的最大耐受剂量(MTD)大于20.0 g/kg·bw,根据急性毒性分级,氨糖胶囊属无毒级.连续氨糖胶囊喂养30天,各剂量组动物生长良好,体重、进食量及食物利用率、血液学指标、血生化指标、脏器绝对重量及脏/体比值与阴性对照组相比均无显著差异(P>0.05);病理组织学检查结果也表明氨糖胶囊对受检脏器无明显损害.因此,根据实验结果,判定氨糖胶囊为安全性保健食品

  7. Strategies and methods in the translation of poetry in Tang Dynasty%浅谈唐诗英译中的策略与方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春娜

    2013-01-01

      每个民族的语言与文学艺术作品的形成,都带着独有的民族特色和民族风格。唐诗作为我国古代文学艺术宝库中的瑰宝,更是世界文学花园中的奇葩。把唐诗翻译成英文,让外国读者也能欣赏唐诗,这也是中西文学交流的需要,而准确的翻译也是翻译界的追求。本文通过对几首脍炙人口的唐诗英译中的方法及策略进行研究,发现其唐诗英译中意境美的重要性,要正确地翻译中国古代诗歌文学,并将诗意传达出去,就需要译者必须去了解不同的文化背景,使诗的意境和文化完美的结合。%The formation of each nationality's language and literary and artistic works, has national characteristics and unique national style. Poetry in Tang Dynasty as a treasure of Chinese ancient literature and art treasure house, is the flower in the garden of world literature. The translation of Tang poetry into English, let foreign readers can enjoy poetry in Tang Dynasty, which is also the need of Chinese and Western literary exchange, and accurate translation is the pursuit of translation. This paper studies the method and strategy of several pieces of the translation of poetry in Tang Dynasty, found the importance of the beauty of artistic conception of English translation of Tang poetry, to correctly translate ancient Chinese poetry and literature, express the poetic out, requires the translator to understand the different cultural background, makes the combination of artistic conception and the perfect culture.

  8. The Conflict Argument of "Desire"between Tang Romance Studies and Taoism%唐代传奇文学与道教关于“人欲”的冲突

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔明明

    2014-01-01

    Tang Romance Novels are symbolized the maturity of Chinese classical novels .As the wide-spread of Taoist culture ,Tang Romance absorbed Taoist culture .And on the one hand they also make full use of their advantages to present Taoism ,by showing people their unique life that lived in Tang Dynasty . Taoism ,as an indigenous religion ,its theory combined with Tang romance stories ,too .With the help of the tang literary genre ,it is easy to understand the Taoist esoteric knowledge and conception .Even Tang romance stories and Taoism have multiple relationships ,they still have conflict about "Desire":Taoism has thought of abstinence ,while in the literature of Tang romance stories it has more humanity and inspi-rations .%唐传奇是中国文言小说成熟的标志。作为道教文化的宣传者,唐传奇吸收道教的文化底蕴,一方面充分运用自身的优势阐释道教思想,另一方面展现了自身的独特生机。道教作为本土宗教,其理论与唐传奇紧密结合,道家深奥的学问借助唐传奇的文学体裁得以通俗易懂地展现。唐传奇与道教有着多重关系,除了互利的方面外,道教具有禁欲思想,而作为文学,唐传奇具有人文情怀和启迪作用,二者在宣传“人欲”方面存在冲突。

  9. The Research Progress and Prospect of Bei Tang Landscape%陂塘景观研究进展与评述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞孔坚; 姜芊孜; 王志芳; 李明翰

    2015-01-01

    Against the backdrop of rapid urbanization , small semi-natural and man-made water bodies such as Bei Tang ( Pi Tang) have been disappearing in batches .Through a comprehensive review of previous domestic and international literature , this paper articulates the definition , landscape features and measurement for Bei Tang land-scape .Bei Tang is one type of resilient adaptive water human made landscapes created for the best use of local wa -ter and land resources .It plays an important ecological role , including storm water retention and storage , flood and drought mitigation , water purification and biodiversity conservation .Bei Tang landscape and its function evolves in sync with different phases of social development , and displayed varied features .Generally, it undergoes first a transformation from a vernacular landscape that emphasizes agricultural irrigation to an undermined form in industri -alization and urbanization era , and then towards a multi-functional ecological landscape .These changes also speaks of the significant potential that it harbors in the mentioned ecological functions above .The comprehensive evaluation of Bei Tang Landscape should be a prerequisite for its proper conservation and utilization .The article also discusses and proposes the future research topics for Bei Tang landscape , e.g.features and functions , historical, cultural and social value , as well as integrative assessment and applied research .%快速城市化背景下,陂塘等小型半自然、人工水体正在大量消失。在综述国内外研究基础上,阐述了陂塘的相关定义、陂塘景观特征及其测度,指出陂塘景观是人们在农耕过程、土地开发过程中充分利用本地的水土资源,应对外部水环境的变化所形成的“水适应性景观”。陂塘景观具有雨洪滞蓄、旱涝调节、水质净化及生物多样性保护等重要的生态功能。在不同发展阶段下,陂塘景观应对的问题不同,景

  10. Simultaneous determination of 11 bioactive compounds in Jaeumganghwa-tang by high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo-Ra Yun

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Jaeumganghwa-tang (JEGH is a traditional Korean herbal medicine for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, nephritis and diabetes mellitus. Objective: A high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD method was developed for simultaneous determination of 11 major compounds such as 5- hydroxymethylfurfural, mangiferin, paeoniflorin, nodakenin, naringin, hesperidin, decursinol, berberine, glycyrrhizin, atractylenolide III and decursin, in JEGH. Materials and Methods: The separation was conducted on Shishedo C 18 column with gradient elution of 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid-acetonitrile. Detection of wavelength was set at 205, 250, 280 and 330 nm. Results: The developed analysis showed a good linearity (R2 >0.9997. The range of limit of detection and limit of quantification were observed from 0.04 to 0.43 and from 0.11 to 1.30, respectively. The intra- and inter-day test relative standard deviations (RSD were less than 3% and the accuracy was 95.98-108.44%. The recoveries were between 92.75% and 109.19% and RSD range of recoveries was measured from 0.52% to 2.78%. Conclusion: This HPLC-DAD method can be successfully applied for simultaneous determination of 11 major compounds in JEGH samples.

  11. Effect of Sipjeondaebo-tang on cancer-induced anorexia and cachexia in CT-26 tumor-bearing mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Youn Kyung; Jung, Ki Yong; Woo, Sang-Mi; Yun, Yee Jin; Jun, Chan-Yong; Park, Jong Hyeong; Shin, Yong Cheol; Cho, Sung-Gook; Ko, Seong-Gyu

    2014-01-01

    Cancer-associated anorexia and cachexia are a multifactorial condition described by a loss of body weight and muscle with anorexia, asthenia, and anemia. Moreover, they correlate with a high mortality rate, poor response to chemotherapy, poor performance status, and poor quality of life. Cancer cachexia is regulated by proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF- α). In addition, glucagon like peptide-1 (GIP-1), peptide YY (PYY), ghrelin, and leptin plays a crucial role in food intake. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of one of the traditional herbal medicines, Sipjeondaebo-tang (Juzen-taiho-to in Japanese; SJDBT), on cancer anorexia and cachexia in a fundamental mouse cancer anorexia/cachexia model, CT-26 tumor-bearing mice. SJDBT was more significantly effective in a treatment model where it was treated after anorexia and cachexia than in a prevention model where it was treated before anorexia and cachexia on the basis of parameters such as weights of muscles and whole body and food intakes. Moreover, SJDBT inhibited a production of IL-6, MCP-1, PYY, and GLP-1 and ameliorated cancer-induced anemia. Therefore, our in vivo studies provide evidence on the role of SJDBT in cancer-associated anorexia and cachexia, thereby suggesting that SJDBT may be useful for treating cancer-associated anorexia and cachexia.

  12. Compositions, Formation Mechanism, and Neuroprotective Effect of Compound Precipitation from the Traditional Chinese Prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chenze Zhang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Compounds in the form of precipitation (CFP are universally formed during the decocting of Chinese prescriptions, such as Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT. The formation rate of HLJDT CFP even reached 2.63% ± 0.20%. The identification by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MSn proved that the main chemical substances of HLJDT CFP are baicalin and berberine, which is coincident with the theory that the CFP might derive from interaction between acidic and basic compounds. To investigate the formation mechanism of HLJDT CFP, baicalin and berberine were selected to synthesize a simulated precipitation and then the baicalin–berberine complex was obtained. Results indicated that the melting point of the complex interposed between baicalin and berberine, and the UV absorption, was different from the mother material. In addition, 1H-NMR integral and high-resolution mass spectroscopy (HR-MS can validate that the binding ratio was 1:1. Compared with baicalin, the chemical shifts of H and C on glucuronide had undergone significant changes by 1H-, 13C-NMR, which proved that electron transfer occurred between the carboxylic proton and the lone pair of electrons on the N atom. Both HLJDT CFP and the baicalin–berberine complex showed protective effects against cobalt chloride-induced neurotoxicity in differentiated PC12 cells. It is a novel idea, studying the material foundation of CFP in Chinese prescriptions.

  13. Huangqin-Tang Ameliorates TNBS-Induced Colitis by Regulating Effector and Regulatory CD4(+) T Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Ying; Li, Wen-Yang; Wan, Zheng; Zhao, Bing; He, Zhi-Wei; Wu, Zhu-Guo; Huang, Guo-Liang; Wang, Jian; Li, Bin-Bin; Lu, Yang-Jia; Ding, Cong-Cong; Chi, Hong-Gang; Zheng, Xue-Bao

    2015-01-01

    Huangqin-Tang decoction (HQT) is a classic traditional Chinese herbal formulation that is widely used to ameliorate the symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study was designed to investigate the therapeutic potential and immunological regulatory activity of HQT in experimental colitis in rats. Using an animal model of colitis by intrarectally administering 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS), we found that administration of HQT significantly inhibited the severity of TNBS-induced colitis in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, treatment with HQT produced better results than that with mesalazine, as shown by improvedweight loss bleeding and diarrhoea scores, colon length, and intestinal inflammation. As for potential immunological regulation of HQT action, the percentages of Th1 and Th17 cells were reduced, but those Th2 and Treg cells were enhanced in LPMCs after HQT treatment. Additionally, HQT lowered the levels of Th1/Th17-associated cytokines but increased production of Th2/Treg-associated cytokines in the colon and MLNs. Furthermore, we observed a remarkable suppression of the Th1/Th17-associated transcription factors T-bet and ROR-γt. However, expression levels of the Th2/Treg-associated transcription factors GATA-3 and Foxp3 were enhanced during treatment with HQT. Our results suggest that HQT has the therapeutic potential to ameliorate TNBS-induced colitis symptoms. This protective effect is possibly mediated by its effects on CD4(+) T cells subsets.

  14. Huangqin-Tang Ameliorates TNBS-Induced Colitis by Regulating Effector and Regulatory CD4+ T Cells

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    Ying Zou

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Huangqin-Tang decoction (HQT is a classic traditional Chinese herbal formulation that is widely used to ameliorate the symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD. This study was designed to investigate the therapeutic potential and immunological regulatory activity of HQT in experimental colitis in rats. Using an animal model of colitis by intrarectally administering 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS, we found that administration of HQT significantly inhibited the severity of TNBS-induced colitis in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, treatment with HQT produced better results than that with mesalazine, as shown by improvedweight loss bleeding and diarrhoea scores, colon length, and intestinal inflammation. As for potential immunological regulation of HQT action, the percentages of Th1 and Th17 cells were reduced, but those Th2 and Treg cells were enhanced in LPMCs after HQT treatment. Additionally, HQT lowered the levels of Th1/Th17-associated cytokines but increased production of Th2/Treg-associated cytokines in the colon and MLNs. Furthermore, we observed a remarkable suppression of the Th1/Th17-associated transcription factors T-bet and ROR-γt. However, expression levels of the Th2/Treg-associated transcription factors GATA-3 and Foxp3 were enhanced during treatment with HQT. Our results suggest that HQT has the therapeutic potential to ameliorate TNBS-induced colitis symptoms. This protective effect is possibly mediated by its effects on CD4+ T cells subsets.

  15. Pharmacokinetics and Relative Bioavailability of Flavonoids between Two Dosage Forms of Gegen-Qinlian-Tang in Rats

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    Chung-Ping Yu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Gegen-Qinlian-Tang (GQT, a popular Chinese medicine prescription, consists of Puerariae Radix, Scutellariae Radix, Coptidis Rhizoma, and Glycyrrhizae Radix. This study investigated the pharmacokinetics of GQT in rats and compared the bioavailability between two dosage forms, that is, traditional decoction (TD and concentrated powder (CP. Rats were given TD and CP of GQT in a crossover design, and blood samples were withdrawn at predetermined time points. The quantitation methods of ten constituents in two dosage forms of GQT and in serum specimen using HPLC were developed and validated in this study. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartment model. The results showed that daidzein, baicalein, wogonin, berberine, palmatine, and coptisine were not found in the circulation, whereas the sulfates/glucuronides of daidzein, baicalein, and wogonin were the major forms after oral administration of GQT. Comparison between two dosage forms indicated that the AUC0–t of daidzein sulfates/glucuronides after administration of CP was significantly lower than that of TD by 28.9%, whereas the bioavailabilities of baicalin/baicalein and wogonoside/wogonin were comparable between two dosage forms. In conclusion, the major flavonoids of GQT were extensively metabolized into sulfates/glucuronides and present as the major molecules in the circulation. TD of GQT revealed higher bioavailability of daidzin/daidzein than CP.

  16. Renal Protective Effect of Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang on Diabetic Nephropathy of Type 1-Diabetic Mice

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    Chun-Ching Lin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang (XCHT, a traditional Chinese medicine formula consisting of seven medicinal plants, is used in the treatment of various diseases. We show here that XCHT could protect type-1 diabetic mice against diabetic nephropathy, using streptozotocin (STZ-induced diabetic mice and high-glucose (HG-exposed rat mesangial cell (RMC as models. Following 4 weeks of oral administration with XCHT, renal functions and renal hypertrophy significantly improved in the STZ-diabetic mice, while serum glucose was only moderately reduced compared to vehicle treatment. Treatment with XCHT in the STZ-diabetic mice and HG-exposed RMC resulted in a decrease in expression levels of TGF-β1, fibronectin, and collagen IV, with concomitant increase in BMP-7 expression. Data from DPPH assay, DHE stain, and CM-H2DCFDA analysis indicated that XCHT could scavenge free radicals and inhibit high-glucose-induced ROS in RMCs. Taken together, these results suggest that treatment with XCHT can improve renal functions in STZ-diabetic mice, an effect that is potentially mediated through decreasing oxidative stress and production of TGF-β1, fibronectin, and collagen IV in the kidney during development of diabetic nephropathy. XCHT, therefore merits further investigation for application to improve renal functions in diabetic disorders.

  17. 富厚堂藏书目录浅析%Analysis of Bibliography of Fu Hou Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘金元

    2012-01-01

    富厚堂藏书目录有很多特点,书楼第一代主人曾国藩著录的《京师书目》与《利见斋书目》信息详细;《求缺斋书目》与《公记书目》反映出其馆藏特色;《归朴斋书目》与《艺芳馆书目》则突出其藏为实用的特点。这些书目虽没有完全反映出富厚堂的馆藏,但为后人了解富厚堂馆藏及其藏书背景提供了重要参考。%Bibliography of Fu Hou Tang has many characteristics . The first master of building Tseng Kuofan recorded " Bibliography of Capital" and "Bibliography of Jian Lizhai", which are detail in information; "Bibliography of Qiu Quezhai" and " Public Bibliography" reflect abundant collections of the building; "Bibliography of Gni Puzhai" and "Bibliography of Yifang Museum" stress the characteristic of science and technology. These title catalogues become significant reference basis for the future generation to understand the background of masters collecting books and collections.

  18. Hydrolysis of Glycosidic Flavonoids during the Preparation of Danggui Buxue Tang: An Outcome of Moderate Boiling of Chinese Herbal Mixture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Li Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Chemical change during boiling of herbal mixture is a puzzle. By using Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT, a herbal decoction that contains Astragali Radix (AR and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR, we developed a model in analyzing the hydrolysis of flavonoid glycosides during the boiling of herbal mixture in water. A proper preparation of DBT is of great benefit to the complete extraction of bioactive ingredients. Boiling of DBT in water increased the solubility of AR-derived astragaloside IV, calycosin, formononetin, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, and ononin in a time- and temperature-dependent manner: the amounts of these chemicals reached a peak at 2 h. The glycosidic resides of AR, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, and ononin could be hydrolyzed during the moderate boiling process to form calycosin and formononetin, respectively. The hydrolysis efficiency was strongly affected by pH, temperature, and amount of herbs. Interestingly, the preheated herbs were not able to show this hydrolytic activity. The current results supported the rationality of ancient preparation of DBT in boiling water by moderate heat.

  19. Enhanced Bone Tissue Regeneration by Porous Gelatin Composites Loaded with the Chinese Herbal Decoction Danggui Buxue Tang.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Ling Wang

    Full Text Available Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT is a traditional Chinese herbal decoction containing Radix Astragali and Radix Angelicae sinensis. Pharmacological results indicate that DBT can stimulate bone cell proliferation and differentiation. The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of adding DBT to bone substitutes on bone regeneration following bone injury. DBT was incorporated into porous composites (GGT made from genipin-crosslinked gelatin and β-triclacium phosphates as bone substitutes (GGTDBT. The biological response of mouse calvarial bone to these composites was evaluated by in vivo imaging systems (IVIS, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT, and histology analysis. IVIS images revealed a stronger fluorescent signal in GGTDBT-treated defect than in GGT-treated defect at 8 weeks after implantation. Micro-CT analysis demonstrated that the level of repair from week 4 to 8 increased from 42.1% to 71.2% at the sites treated with GGTDBT, while that increased from 33.2% to 54.1% at GGT-treated sites. These findings suggest that the GGTDBT stimulates the innate regenerative capacity of bone, supporting their use in bone tissue regeneration.

  20. Activity-dependent branching ratios in stocks, solar x-ray flux, and the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Elliot; Shreim, Amer; Paczuski, Maya

    2010-01-01

    We define an activity-dependent branching ratio that allows comparison of different time series Xt . The branching ratio bx is defined as bx=E[ξx/x] . The random variable ξx is the value of the next signal given that the previous one is equal to x , so ξx={Xt+1∣Xt=x} . If bx>1 , the process is on average supercritical when the signal is equal to x , while if bxefficient market hypothesis.” For stock volumes, solar x-ray flux intensities, and the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld (BTW) sandpile model, bx is supercritical for small values of activity and subcritical for the largest ones, indicating a tendency to return to a typical value. For stock volumes this tendency has an approximate power-law behavior. For solar x-ray flux and the BTW model, there is a broad regime of activity where bx≃1 , which we interpret as an indicator of critical behavior. This is true despite different underlying probability distributions for Xt and for ξx . For the BTW model the distribution of ξx is Gaussian, for x sufficiently larger than 1, and its variance grows linearly with x . Hence, the activity in the BTW model obeys a central limit theorem when sampling over past histories. The broad region of activity where bx is close to one disappears once bulk dissipation is introduced in the BTW model—supporting our hypothesis that it is an indicator of criticality.

  1. Bioinformatics Analysis for the Antirheumatic Effects of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang from a Network Perspective

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    Haiyang Fang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT is a classic TCM formula to clear “heat” and “poison” that exhibits antirheumatic activity. Here we investigated the therapeutic mechanisms of HLJDT at protein network level using bioinformatics approach. It was found that HLJDT shares 5 target proteins with 3 types of anti-RA drugs, and several pathways in immune system and bone formation are significantly regulated by HLJDT’s components, suggesting the therapeutic effect of HLJDT on RA. By defining an antirheumatic effect score to quantitatively measure the therapeutic effect, we found that the score of each HLJDT’s component is very low, while the whole HLJDT achieves a much higher effect score, suggesting a synergistic effect of HLJDT achieved by its multiple components acting on multiple targets. At last, topological analysis on the RA-associated PPI network was conducted to illustrate key roles of HLJDT’s target proteins on this network. Integrating our findings with TCM theory suggests that HLJDT targets on hub nodes and main pathway in the Hot ZENG network, and thus it could be applied as adjuvant treatment for Hot-ZENG-related RA. This study may facilitate our understanding of antirheumatic effect of HLJDT and it may suggest new approach for the study of TCM pharmacology.

  2. Simultaneous determination of 11 bioactive compounds in Jaeumganghwa-tang by high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yun, Bo-Ra; Weon, Jin Bae; Lee, Jiwoo; Eom, Min Rye; Ma, Choong Je

    2014-04-01

    Jaeumganghwa-tang (JEGH) is a traditional Korean herbal medicine for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, nephritis and diabetes mellitus. A high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) method was developed for simultaneous determination of 11 major compounds such as 5- hydroxymethylfurfural, mangiferin, paeoniflorin, nodakenin, naringin, hesperidin, decursinol, berberine, glycyrrhizin, atractylenolide III and decursin, in JEGH. The separation was conducted on Shishedo C18 column with gradient elution of 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid-acetonitrile. Detection of wavelength was set at 205, 250, 280 and 330 nm. The developed analysis showed a good linearity (R (2) >0.9997). The range of limit of detection and limit of quantification were observed from 0.04 to 0.43 and from 0.11 to 1.30, respectively. The intra- and inter-day test relative standard deviations (RSD) were less than 3% and the accuracy was 95.98-108.44%. The recoveries were between 92.75% and 109.19% and RSD range of recoveries was measured from 0.52% to 2.78%. This HPLC-DAD method can be successfully applied for simultaneous determination of 11 major compounds in JEGH samples.

  3. The effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang on epidermal melanocytes in ultraviolet B-irradiated mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hae June [Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Science, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hwan Sung; Park, Young Jong; Kim, Joong Sun; Moon, Chang Jong; Kim, Jong Choon; Bae, Chun Sik; Kim, Sung Ho [Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Jo, Sung Kee [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-09-15

    We induced the activation of melanocytes in the epidermis of C57BL/6 mice by UltraViolet B (UVB) irradiation and observed the effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (BZYQT) on the formation, and decrease of UVB-induced epidermal melanocytes. C57BL/6 mice were irradiated by UVB 80 mJ/cm{sup 2} (0.5 mW/sec) daily for 7 days, and BZYQT was intraperitoneally or topically applied pre- or post-irradiation. For the estimation of change of epidermal melanocytes, light microscopic observation with dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) stain was performed. Split epidermal sheets prepared from the ear of untreated mice exhibited 11-16 melanocytes/mm{sup 2}, and one week after UV irradiation, the applied areas show an increased number of strongly DOPA-positive melanocytes with stout dendrites. But intraperitoneal or topical treatment with BZYQT before each irradiation interrupted UVB-induced pigmentation and resulted in a marked reduction in the number of epidermal melanocytes as compared to radiation control skin. The number and size of DOPA-positive epidermal melanocytes were also significantly decreased in intraperitoneally injected or topically applicated group after irradiation with BZYQT at 3rd and 6th weeks after irradiation. The present study suggests the BZYQT as inhibitor of UVB-induced pigmentation and depigmenting agent.

  4. Statistical investigation of the cross sections of wave clusters in the three-dimensional Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dashti-Naserabadi, H.; Najafi, M. N.

    2015-05-01

    We consider the three-dimensional (3D) Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld model in a cubic lattice. Along with analyzing the 3D problem, the geometrical structure of the two-dimensional (2D) cross section of waves is investigated. By analyzing the statistical observables defined in the cross sections, it is shown that the model in that plane (named as 2D-induced model) is in the critical state and fulfills the finite-size scaling hypothesis. The analysis of the critical loops that are interfaces of the 2D-induced model is of special importance in this paper. Most importantly, we see that their fractal dimension is Df=1.387 ±0.005 , which is compatible with the fractal dimension of the external perimeter of geometrical spin clusters of 2D critical Ising model. Some hyperscaling relations between the exponents of the model are proposed and numerically confirmed. We then address the problem of conformal invariance of the mentioned domain walls using Schramm-Lowener evolution (SLE). We found that they are described by SLE with the diffusivity parameter κ =2.8 ±0.2 , nearly consistent with observed fractal dimension.

  5. Suan zao ren tang as an original treatment for sleep difficulty in climacteric women: a prospective clinical observation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Chia-Hao; Arnold, Christof K; Chen, Yen-Hui; Lai, Jung-Nein

    2011-01-01

    Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of women with sleep difficulty during the climacteric period. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) in reducing the impact of sleep disturbance on climacteric women, as measured by Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) and the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL). Sixty-seven climacteric women with sleep difficulty intending to treat received SZRT at a rate of 4.0 g, thrice daily for four weeks (MRS < 16, n = 34; MRS ≥ 16, n = 33). After taking into account potential confounding factors, the mean PSQI total scores had fallen from 13.0 (±2.9) to 9.0 (±3.2) (95% confidence interval -4.93, -3.10). Further analyses showed that SZRT produced superior benefit of daytime dysfunction in women with severe menopausal symptoms (MRS ≥ 16). There were three of the withdrawals involved treatment-related adverse events (stomachache, diarrhea, and dizziness). Excluding women with a past history of stomachache, diarrhea, or dizziness, four weeks of therapy with SZRT appears to be a relatively safe and effective short-term therapeutic option in improving daytime function of climacteric women with poor sleep quality.

  6. Suan Zao Ren Tang as an Original Treatment for Sleep Difficulty in Climacteric Women: A Prospective Clinical Observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Hao Yeh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of women with sleep difficulty during the climacteric period. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT in reducing the impact of sleep disturbance on climacteric women, as measured by Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI and the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL. Sixty-seven climacteric women with sleep difficulty intending to treat received SZRT at a rate of 4.0 g, thrice daily for four weeks (MRS<16, n=34; MRS≥16, n=33. After taking into account potential confounding factors, the mean PSQI total scores had fallen from 13.0 (±2.9 to 9.0 (±3.2 (95% confidence interval −4.93, −3.10. Further analyses showed that SZRT produced superior benefit of daytime dysfunction in women with severe menopausal symptoms (MRS≥16. There were three of the withdrawals involved treatment-related adverse events (stomachache, diarrhea, and dizziness. Excluding women with a past history of stomachache, diarrhea, or dizziness, four weeks of therapy with SZRT appears to be a relatively safe and effective short-term therapeutic option in improving daytime function of climacteric women with poor sleep quality.

  7. Dohaekseunggi-tang extract inhibits obesity, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension in high-fat diet-induced obese mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Yoon-Young; Kim, Dong-Seon; Choi, Goya; Kim, Seung-Hyung; Kim, Ho Kyoung

    2014-10-04

    Dohaekseunggi-tang (DHSGT) is a traditional plant-based medicine prescribed to promote blood circulation and to treat obesity and hypertension. The present study aimed to identify potential anti-obesity activities of DHSGT extract. Anti-obesity, anti-hyperlipidemic, and anti-hypertensive effects of orally-administered DHSGT extract were evaluated in high-fat diet- (HFD)-induced obese mice. Serum biochemistry profiles and expression of diverse metabolic regulatory gene mRNAs in mouse visceral fat were assessed by RT-PCR. The effects of DHSGT on angiotensin-1 converting enzyme (ACE) and pancreatic lipase activities were determined using in vitro inhibition assays. Oral DHSGT treatment reduced obese HFD C57BL/6 J mouse body weight, liver and adipose tissue mass, adipocyte size, and blood pressure versus untreated HFD mice. DHSGT also decreased serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, glucose, and leptin concentrations, and increased HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin levels in HFD mice. Furthermore, DHSGT markedly increased mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma, uncoupling protein-2, and adiponectin in visceral adipose tissue of HFD mice. In vitro tests revealed that DHSGT effectively inhibited porcine pancreatic lipase and ACE activities, with IC50 values of 7.58 mg/ml and 0.56 mg/ml, respectively. These results validate traditional knowledge and suggest that DHSGT may be potentially useful for managing hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, hypertension, and obesity.

  8. A preliminary research in onomatopoeia of Tang and Song poetry%唐诗宋词中的象声词

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵爱武

    2012-01-01

    Tang and Song Dynasties onomatopoeia structure of the traditional two-tone-based,multi-syllable words like sound than the previous increase,but still rare.From the semantic point of view,to describe the sound objects,natural phenomena and animal tracing insects like onomatopoeia as much,Polysemy is common.From the syntax point of view,in the sentence as subject to a variety of other ingredients,which act as a predicate for the most,accounting for the onomatopoeia of the total of 43%.%唐宋时期象声词以传统的双音结构为主,多音节象声词较之早期有所增加,但尚不多见。从语义来看,以描摹器物声音、描摹自然现象和动物昆虫类的象声词为多,"一词多义"现象比较普遍。从语法来看,能在句中充当主语以外的各种成分,其中以充当谓语为最多,占到此期象声词总量的43%。

  9. Total Flavonoids Extracted from Xiaobuxin-Tang on the Hyperactivity of Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis in Chronically Stressed Rats

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    Lei An

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Our previous studies have demonstrated that the total flavonoids (XBXT-2 isolated from the extract of Xiaobuxin-Tang (XBXT, a traditional Chinese herbal decoction, ameliorated behavioral alterations and hippocampal dysfunctions in chronically stressed rats. Studies over the last decades have suggested that the hyperactivity of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA axis is one of the most consistent findings in stress-related depression. Herein, we used the same chronic mild stress model of rats as before to further investigate the effect of XBXT-2 on the hyperactivity of HPA axis, including the stress hormones levels and glucocorticoid receptors (GRs expression. Our ELISA results showed that chronic administration of XBXT-2 (25, 50 mg kg−1, p.o., 28 days, the effective doses for behavioral responses significantly decreased serum corticosterone level and its upstream stress hormone adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH level in chronically stressed rats. Furthermore, western blotting result demonstrated XBXT-2 treatment ameliorated stress-induced decrease of GRs expression in hippocampus, an important target involved in the hyperactivity of HPA axis. These results were similar to that of classic antidepressant imipramine treatment (10 mg kg−1, p.o.. In conclusion, the modulation of HPA axis produced by XBXT-2, including the inhibition of stress hormones levels and up-regulation of hippocampal GRs expression, may be an important mechanism underlying its antidepressant-like effect in chronically stressed rats.

  10. Hydrolysis of Glycosidic Flavonoids during the Preparation of Danggui Buxue Tang: An Outcome of Moderate Boiling of Chinese Herbal Mixture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wendy Li; Chen, Jian-Ping; Lam, Kelly Yin-Ching; Zhan, Janis Ya-Xian; Yao, Ping; Dong, Tina Ting-Xia; Tsim, Karl Wah-Keung

    2014-01-01

    Chemical change during boiling of herbal mixture is a puzzle. By using Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), a herbal decoction that contains Astragali Radix (AR) and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR), we developed a model in analyzing the hydrolysis of flavonoid glycosides during the boiling of herbal mixture in water. A proper preparation of DBT is of great benefit to the complete extraction of bioactive ingredients. Boiling of DBT in water increased the solubility of AR-derived astragaloside IV, calycosin, formononetin, calycosin-7-O- β -D-glucoside, and ononin in a time- and temperature-dependent manner: the amounts of these chemicals reached a peak at 2 h. The glycosidic resides of AR, calycosin-7-O- β -D-glucoside, and ononin could be hydrolyzed during the moderate boiling process to form calycosin and formononetin, respectively. The hydrolysis efficiency was strongly affected by pH, temperature, and amount of herbs. Interestingly, the preheated herbs were not able to show this hydrolytic activity. The current results supported the rationality of ancient preparation of DBT in boiling water by moderate heat.

  11. Anti-apoptotic effect of San Huang Shel Shin Tang cyclodextrin complex (SHSSTc) on CCl4 -induced hepatotoxicity in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Cheng-Hsun; Ting, Wei-Jen; Shen, Chia-Yao; Hsu, Hsi-Hsien; Lin, Yueh-Min; Kuo, Chia-Hua; Tsai, Fuu-Jen; Tsai, Chang-Hai; Tsai, Yuhsin; Huang, Chih-Yang

    2016-06-01

    The metabolic loading is heavier in liver especially when injured or inflammation. San Huang Shel Shin Tang (SHSST) was an old traditional herbal decoction, which composed with Rheum officinale Baill, Scutellaria baicalnsis Geprgi and Coptis chinensis Franch (1:1:2 in weight), can provide a liver protection effects. We used a beta-cyclodextrin (β-CD) drug modification method in reduce of the necessary dose of the SHSST. As the results, the FAS-FADD expressions leaded apoptosis in CCl4 intraperitoneal (IP) injection induced acute liver injury in rats. Silymarin, baicalein, SHSST, and SHSST β-CD complex (SHSSTc) pretreatments protected liver through the decreasing of the expressions of FAS-FADD and downstream caspase-3 and caspase-8. Particularly, SHSSTc (30 mg/kg day) treatment enhanced cell survival pathway activation through the PI3K, Akt and Bad phosphorylation. Compared with SHSST as well as silymarin and baicalein, SHSSTc provided a magnificent liver protection effect, especially in survival pathway activation/TUNEL-apoptotic cell reduction/serum cholesterol level suppression. All these data suggested that β-CD complex modified the SHSST and promoted the bioavailability and liver protection effects. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol 31: 663-670, 2016.

  12. 唐代高句丽移民与陌刀%Modao and Koguryo Immigrants in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳东

    2012-01-01

    During the late days of Sui Dynasty and the early days of Tang Dynasty,Modao,a kind of weapon,appeared in the army of Liaodong district.Spread over the surrounding regions,the weapon positively impacted the military situation.After pacifying the Koguryo,the government migrated the attached population into Longyou area.Where there were Koguryo immigrants,there was the spread of Modao.Maybe they had some origin relations.%隋末唐初,邻近辽东的内地陆续出现了陌刀及其阵法,并向周围地区进一步传播,积极地影响了中原的军事形势。陌刀的分布并不局限于东部地区,到了天宝初年,陌刀已在安西大规模普及开来。早在唐平定高句丽时,就将其内附人口大规模迁入陇右一带,为国戍边,渐至安西。陌刀的传播总是伴随着高句丽移民的身影,二者间或有一定的渊源关系。

  13. ANALYSIS OF REMOTE SENSING ARCHAEOLOGY ON TRAFFIC FUNCTION TRANSFORMATION OF TONGJI GRAND CANAL IN SUI AND TANG DYNASTIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xin-yuan; HE Hui; ZHOU Ying-qiu; GAO Chao; HAN Shuang-wang

    2006-01-01

    In China, most directions of river flowing are from west to east. During historic period, since the water traffic played an important role, it was very important to form a cross-horizontal net of water carriage route. Canals should be dug so as to make up the lack of north-south river. Tongji Grand Canal, dug in the first year of Daye (605 A.D.) in the Sui Dynasty, was the important component of north-south system of Grand Canals in China. It promoted economic and social development of the Sui, Tang and Song dynasties (605 A.D.-1279 A.D.). As Tongji Canal (i.e.Tongji Grand Canal) flowed across the Huaibei Plain, which is aggraded by abundant mud and sand deposit resulted from the Huanghe (Yellow) River flooding, many traces (such as old channel) and human culture heritages were buried under mud-sand. Tongji Canal was silted up, and disappeared in the Jin Dynasty (1115 A.D.-1234 A.D.). From then on, there were many different stories about the flowing route of the canal in historical literature. Based on space-bone and air-bone remote sensing imagery, we attempt to search the old channel of Tongji Canal, and supplement historical record. The paper discusses transformation process of Tongji Canal's traffic function, and resumptively summarizes the reasons of the transformation, which results from synthetic function of physical geographical, political, economic, and social conditions.

  14. Evaluating the Bone Tissue Regeneration Capability of the Chinese Herbal Decoction Danggui Buxue Tang from a Molecular Biology Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Ling Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Large bone defects are a considerable challenge to reconstructive surgeons. Numerous traditional Chinese herbal medicines have been used to repair and regenerate bone tissue. This study investigated the bone regeneration potential of Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT, a Chinese herbal decoction prepared from Radix Astragali (RA and Radix Angelicae Sinensis (RAS, from a molecular biology perspective. The optimal ratio of RA and RAS used in DBT for osteoblast culture was obtained by colorimetric and alkaline phosphatase (ALP activity assays. Moreover, the optimal concentration of DBT for bone cell culture was also determined by colorimetric, ALP activity, nodule formation, Western blotting, wound-healing, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity assays. Consequently, the most appropriate weight ratio of RA to RAS for the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts was 5 : 1. Moreover, the most effective concentration of DBT was 1,000 μg/mL, which significantly increased the number of osteoblasts, intracellular ALP levels, and nodule numbers, while inhibiting osteoclast activity. Additionally, 1,000 μg/mL of DBT was able to stimulate p-ERK and p-JNK signal pathway. Therefore, DBT is highly promising for use in accelerating fracture healing in the middle or late healing periods.

  15. Simultaneous determination of four marker components in Yukmijihwang Tang by high performance liquid chromatography/diode array detector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Won, Jin Bae; Ma, Jin Yeul; Ma, Choong Je

    2010-04-01

    Simultaneous determination method of four marker components, paeoniflorin, loganin, 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde and paeonol in traditional herbal medicine, Yukmijihwang tang, was developed to achieve rapidly and systematic quality control by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection. To develop this high performance liquid chromatography method, C(18) column (5 microm, 120 A, 4.6 mm x 150 mm) was used with gradient elution of water and methanol as mobile phase. Validation of the chromatography method was evaluated by linearity, recovery, and precision test. Calibration curves of standard components showed excellent linearity with R(2) > 0.9990. Limits of detection and limits of quantification were in the ranges 0.01-0.02 and 0.04-0.07 microg/mL, respectively. The relative standard deviations of data of the intra-day and inter-day experiments were less than 1.15% and 3.76%, respectively. The results of recovery test were found to range from 94.88 to 107.43% with relative standard deviation values 0.07-2.66%. The results of validation suggested that this method was very accurate and stabilized.

  16. Effects of Hyul-Bu-Chuke-Tang on Erythrocyte Deformability and Cerebrovascular CO2 Reactivity in Normal Subjects

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    Woo-Sang Jung

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. Hyul-bu-chuke-tang (HCEt is a well-known traditional herbal medicine that is used for the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disorders. We investigated the acute effects of HCEt on erythrocyte deformability and cerebrovascular CO2 reactivity (CVR in healthy male subjects. Materials and Methods. We examined erythrocyte deformability in an HCEt group (n=14 and a control group (n=10. CVR was measured using hyperventilation-induced CO2 reactivity of the middle cerebral artery and transcranial Doppler (TCD in the HCEt group (n=11. A historical control group (n=10 of CVR measurements was also created from our previous study. All measurements were performed prior to and 1, 2, and 3 hours after HCEt administration. Results. HCEt significantly improved erythrocyte deformability 1 hour after administration compared to the control group (2.9±1.1% versus -0.6±1.0%, P=0.034. HCEt significantly improved the CVR 2 hours after administration compared to the historical control group (9.1±4.0% versus -8.1±4.1%, P=0.007. The mean blood pressure and pulse rate did not vary from baseline values in either group. Conclusions. We demonstrated that HCEt improved erythrocyte deformability and CVR. Our findings suggest that an improvement in erythrocyte deformability contributes to HCEt’s effect on cerebral microcirculation.

  17. The Anticancer Properties and Apoptosis-inducing Mechanisms of Cinnamaldehyde and the Herbal Prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (黃連解毒湯 Huáng Lián Jiě Dú Tang in Human Hepatoma Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang-Tzung Lin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC has long been one of the most important causes of cancer mortality in the world. Many natural products and traditional herbal medicines have been used to treat HCC in Asian countries such as Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and China. The present review aims to describe the anticancer properties and apoptotic mechanisms of cinnamaldehyde, the bioactive ingredient isolated from cinnamon trees, and the herbal prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (黃連解毒湯 Huáng Lián Jiě Dú Tang; HLJDT against human hepatoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Implication of their treatment for the development of targeted therapy against HCC is discussed.

  18. 门九章运用理中汤治验撷要%Men Jiuzhang's Experiences in the Application of Lizhong Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李飞; 门九章; 冯顺顺

    2015-01-01

    理中汤最早见于东汉张仲景所著的《伤寒杂病论》,又名人参汤(《金匮要略》卷上)、治中汤(《备急千金要方》卷二十)、人参理中汤《校注妇人良方》卷二十)、调中丸(《小儿药证直诀》),是治疗中焦脾胃虚寒的经典名方,并在后世医家的应用和发展中广泛用于内、外、妇、儿及各科杂病中。中医的生命力在于其有效性,理中汤作为经典方剂之一在临床应用广泛,也正是由于其历经检验而不衰的临床疗效。山西名医门九章教授在临证中善用理中汤兴阳气、护胃气,秉承“方精药简”“随证化裁”的用药原则,治疗各类疑难杂症及急危重症,效若桴鼓,深受患者赞誉。文章旨在通过撷其临床运用理中汤治验之要,总结名医经验,体会经方之妙,以求灵活运用古方,供同道参考。%Lizhong tang was originated from Shan Han Za Bing Lun written by Zhang Zhongjing,the Eastern Han Dynasty,also named as renshen tang(upper volume,Jin Gui Yao Lue),zhizhong tang(volume 20,Bei Ji Qian Jin Yao Fang),renshen luzhong tang(volume 20,Jiaozhu Furen Liangfang)and tiaozhong wan (Xiaoer Yaozheng Zhijue). It is the classic formula in the treatment of the disorders differentiated as defi-ciency and cold in the middle jiao(spleen and stomach)and has been widely used and developed in the de-partments of internal medicine,external medicine,gynecology and pediatrics by the later generations. The ef-fectiveness is the essence of TCM. Being one of classic formulas,lizhong tang has been extensively used in clinical practice and has been verified with the satisfactory clinical efficacy. Prof. Men Jiuzhang,the eminent physician in Shanxi province is in favorite of using the formula to strengthen yang qi and protect stomach qi. Prof. Men modified the formula flexibly and accordingly and had treated various intractable and critical disor-ders. The satisfactory efficacy

  19. An Inquiry into TANG Jun-yi’s Conception of Philosophy%唐君毅哲学观探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海龙

    2014-01-01

    Of the Chinese philosophers and historians of philosophy in the 20th century, TANG Jun-yi is well-known for his unique conception of philosophy. The formative process of his idea can be roughly divided into two periods. In the first period, he developed an open-minded philosophical attitude toward all classics and theories, although he didn’t give a clear definition of philosophy at that time. This attitude had a direct influence on the direction and overall scope of his later study in philosophy. In the second period, TANG Jun-yi gave a clear definition of philosophy. In his mind, the reflection and inter-connectivity are the essence of philosophy, and he paid much attention to the inter-connectivity. According to this viewpoint, he divided Chinese philosophy into four parts, the theory of Ming Li, the theory of Tian Dao, the theory of Ren Dao and the theory of Ren Wen. He thought that the ultimate goal of philosophy is enlightenment which is beyond language. At last, he formed his own conception of philosophy, which has the characteristics of “openness and inclusiveness,” “emphasis on the value of human life” and “the revival of Confucian values.”%唐君毅哲学观的形成大致经历了前后两个时期。在前一时期,唐君毅虽然没有对哲学下过一个明确的定义,但其贯通中西古今、不拘于一经一典、一家一派的开放的哲学心灵和哲学态度已经形成,而且直接影响了其以后的哲学研究与其哲学创造的整体规模、走向;在后一时期,唐君毅对哲学有一个明确的定义,他视反思性和贯通性为哲学的本性,尤重贯通性。在此基础上他用中国哲学固有的名辞把哲学的内容划分为名理论、天道论、人道论、人文论四大部,并把哲学的最终目标确定在了离言成教上,从而形成了具有“开放性和综摄性”、“重视人的生命价值”、“儒家的价值归宗”等特点的哲学观。

  20. Bai-hu-tang, ancient chinese medicine formula, may provide a new complementary treatment option for sepsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chien-Jung; Su, Yi-Chang; Lee, Cheng-Hung; Li, Tsai-Chung; Chen, Yun-An; Lin, Sunny Jui-Shan

    2013-01-01

    Bai-Hu-Tang (BHT) has been broadly applied to treating the early stage of acute infection with systemic inflammation for two thousand years in Chinese medicine. We explore whether BHT is beneficial in treating sepsis and its effects on proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-6, and anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10, in which both play key roles in the progress of sepsis. Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into six groups, with cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) performed in all but the sham-control group. Rats in CLP + BHT-L6 and CLP + BHT-H6 groups, respectively, received a low (0.45 g/kg) and high doses (0.9 g/kg) of BHT, 6 hrs postoperatively. CLP + BHT-L12 and CLP + BHT-H12 groups, respectively, received low and high doses of BHT, 12 hrs postoperatively. Sham-control and sepsis-control groups received distilled water (1 mL) as vehicle, 6 hrs postoperatively. Serial blood samples were drawn before operation, as baseline, and at 4, 8, and 12 hrs postoperatively for IL-6 and IL-10 assay. All rats were monitored for 3 days for survival study. Rats in the CLP + BHT-H6 group had significantly higher survival rate (80%) and significantly lower levels of both IL-6 and IL-10 at 12 hrs postoperatively than those in the sepsis-control group. Results suggested that BHT may be a new complementary treatment option for sepsis.

  1. Activity-dependent branching ratios in stocks, solar x-ray flux, and the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Elliot; Shreim, Amer; Paczuski, Maya

    2010-01-01

    We define an activity-dependent branching ratio that allows comparison of different time series X(t). The branching ratio b(x) is defined as b(x)=E[xi(x)/x]. The random variable xi(x) is the value of the next signal given that the previous one is equal to x, so xi(x)=[X(t+1) | X(t)=x]. If b(x)>1, the process is on average supercritical when the signal is equal to x, while if b(x)market hypothesis." For stock volumes, solar x-ray flux intensities, and the Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld (BTW) sandpile model, b(x) is supercritical for small values of activity and subcritical for the largest ones, indicating a tendency to return to a typical value. For stock volumes this tendency has an approximate power-law behavior. For solar x-ray flux and the BTW model, there is a broad regime of activity where b(x) approximately equal 1, which we interpret as an indicator of critical behavior. This is true despite different underlying probability distributions for X(t) and for xi(x). For the BTW model the distribution of xi(x) is Gaussian, for x sufficiently larger than 1, and its variance grows linearly with x. Hence, the activity in the BTW model obeys a central limit theorem when sampling over past histories. The broad region of activity where b(x) is close to one disappears once bulk dissipation is introduced in the BTW model-supporting our hypothesis that it is an indicator of criticality.

  2. Effects of Dang-Gui-Bu-Xue-Tang, an herbal decoction, on iron uptake in iron-deficient anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Guan-Cheng; Chen, Shih-Yu; Tsai, Po-Wei; Ganzon, Jerome G; Lee, Chia-Jung; Shiah, Her-Shyong; Wang, Ching-Chiung

    2016-01-01

    Dang-Gui-Bu-Xue-Tang (DBT), a combination of Angelicae Sinensis Radix and Astragali Radix, is a widely used herbal decoction in traditional Chinese medicine primarily to promote or invigorate the "blood". In this study, we explored this ancient formulation and provide evidence of its blood-toning properties. We used the improvement iron uptake as promote or invigorate the "blood" indicator. Ferritin formation of Caco-2 cells in vitro assay and diet-induced anemia (DIA) in rat model were used to prove its improvement iron uptake and ameliorating effects. Finally, the iron-DBT interactions were measured by iron-binding assay. We first demonstrated DBT increased uptake of ferrous iron through the biosynthesis of ferritin by Caco-2 cells and determined which complementary treatment would provide optimum results. Thereafter, effects of the treatment on improving the bioavailability of absorbed iron in the form of hemoglobin (Hb) were established using a DIA-animal model. The results showed that DBT slightly improved Hb levels compared with the baseline Hb and pretreatment with DBT for 2 hours prior to supplementation with ferrous sulfate provided the greatest gain in Hb levels in DIA rats. However, DBT and ferrous sulfate were co-treated with Caco-2 cell or DIA rats, the ferritin formation and Hb levels both were decreased. In iron-binding assay, the DBT extract influenced the free Fe(II) type in the FeSO4 solution. Therefore, we suggest that complementary treatment with DBT and iron supplementation can have a strong ameliorating effect on iron-deficiency anemia in clinical settings, but needs a 2-hour interval of DBT administration prior to ferrous sulfate treatment.

  3. The Epitaph Allusions in Tang Dynasty Collating%唐代墓志典故校勘举例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐海东

    2016-01-01

    As a special literary style, epitaph often extensively uses a large number of idioms and allu⁃sions so that it can be in accordance with its elegant and dignified, euphemistical and deep styles of writing. Because of the longer time interval, or obscure source of allusions, or due to the interference of fossilization, some glyph are not easy to identify or can be recognized incorrectly, which affects the correct reading and accu⁃rate understanding of literature. This paper will collate the incorrect understandings of collating allusions from epitaphs of the Tang dynasty in recent years. Also, taking Ya Qin,Guo Xi,Biao Mei and XunGai those allusions in Chinese as examples, this paper will analyze reasons for the incorrect understanding of allusions in epitaphs.%墓志作为一种特殊文体,往往大量使用成语典故,以与典雅凝重,婉转深沉的文风相一致。由于时间相隔较久,或出典隐晦,或石花干扰,造成对一些字形不易识别或识别错误,影响了对文献的正确阅读和准确理解。对近些年唐代墓志释文整理中出现的典故释读错误予以校勘,并举“牙琴”“、过隟”“、摽梅”、“循陔”典故等为例,分析墓志中典故释读出现错误的原因。

  4. Lactobacillus fermentation enhances the inhibitory effect of Hwangryun-haedok-tang in an ovariectomy-induced bone loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Ki-Shuk; Kim, Taesoo; Ha, Hyunil; Lee, Kwang Jin; Cho, Chang-Won; Kim, Han Sung; Seo, Dong-Hyun; Ma, Jin Yeul

    2013-05-16

    Hwangryun-haedok-tang (HRT) is traditional herbal medicine used to treat inflammatory-related diseases in Asia. However, its effect on osteoclastogenesis and bone loss is still unknown. In this study, we evaluated the effect of HRT and its fermented product (fHRT) on the receptor activator for the nuclear factor-κB ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis using murine bone marrow-derived macrophages and postmenopausal bone loss using an ovariectomy (OVX) rat model. Tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining was employed to evaluate osteoclast formation. mRNA level of transcription factor and protein levels of signaling molecules were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis, respectively. Effect of HRT or fHRT on OVX-induced bone loss was evaluated using OVX rats orally administered HRT, or fHRT with 300 mg/kg for 12 weeks. Micro-CT analysis of femora was performed to analyze bone parameter. HRT or fHRT treatment significantly decreased TRAP activity and the number of TRAP positive multinuclear cells on osteoclastogenesis. Interestingly, these inhibitory effects of HRT were enhanced by fermentation. Furthermore, fHRT significantly inhibited mRNA and protein expression of nuclear factor of activated T cells cytoplasmic 1, which leads to down-regulation of NFATc1-regulated mRNA expressions such as TRAP, the d2 isoform of vacuolar ATPase V(0) domain, and cathepsin K. Administration of fHRT significantly inhibited the decrease of bone mineral density, and improved bone parameter of femora more than that of HRT and vehicle in OVX rats. This study demonstrated that lactic bacterial fermentation fortifies the inhibitory effect of HRT on osteoclastogenesis and bone loss. These results suggest that fermented HRT might have the beneficial potential on osteoporosis by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis.

  5. Rapid HPLC Quantification Approach for Detection of Active Constituents in Modern Combinatorial Formula, San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang (SHXXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tung-Ying Wu

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang (SHXXT, one of the most important traditional Chinese medicinal formulas, is comprised by three herbal medicines, the rhizome of Rheum officinale [or R. tanguticum (Polygonaceae (Dahuang in Chinese], the root of Scutellaria baicalensis (Labiatae (Huangqin in Chinese, and the rhizome of Coptis chinensis (Ranunculaceae (Huanglian in Chinese in the ratios of 2:1:1 or 1:1:1. This study is aimed to quantitate and qualify of SHXXT, by a rapid, convenient, and effective HPLC-PDA approach associated with LC-MS technique. Of which method, nine chosen major bioactive components in SHXXT, including aloe-emodin (Ale, baicalin (Ba, berberine (Be, coptisine (Co, palmatine (Pa, resveratroloside (Res, rhein (Rh, sennoside A (Se-A, and wogonin (Wo, were evaluated within 30 minutes. The nine chemical markers were monitored in a high sensitivity with a low detection limit of 0.01‒0.55 μg/mL and the correlation coefficient of the regression curve revealed a good linearity with R2 > 0.99. Moreover, the extraction solution system and the HPLC elution conditions were also optimized in the present study. This present developed protocol was then successfully applied to quantify nine chemical markers of ten SHXXT products from eight Taiwanese TCM pharmaceutical companies. In quantitative results, Res was found as the major compound in SHXXT-1~5 & 8 with significantly higher amounts than those in other products, indicating the products SHXXT-1~5 & 8 may use R. tanguticum as the raw material, which possessed a higher concentration of the bioactive composition Res, instead of R. officinale. Simultaneously, Ale, Rh, and Wo were less than 2% in these ten products. Different chemical profiles of commercial products indicated that, probably, each product with the same named formula might be regarded as a sole medicine and need to be investigated individually. Importantly, it is never too much to emphasize the importance of quality control in TCM

  6. 小说学的萌兴%Shaping of fiction studies in the pre-Tang period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭帆

    2007-01-01

    The paper examines the evolutionary process ofxiaoshuoxue 小说学、or Fiction Studies, in the pre-Tang period, and its ideological and cultural backgrounds. It holds that Xiaoshuoxue has developed its most important concepts by adopting the ideologies of traditional Chinese philosophy and historical science. The most important of them are xiaodao keguan 小道可观 (minor Tao has its values), cheng'e quanshan 惩恶劝善 (to punish the evil and to encourage the good), and chuanwen yici 传闻异辞 (hearsays with different versions). And fiction writers in the Six Dynasties made their contributions by summarizing the main characteristics of fiction as recording "hearsays", seeking for "wonders" and satisfying both eyes and minds, which laid a foundation for later xiaoshuoxue and had far-reaching influences over the creation of fiction creation.%在考述先唐时期小说学的生成过程及其思想文化背景的基础上,可以认为小说学在先唐时期吸纳了传统哲学和史学的思想内涵,"小道可观"、"惩恶劝善"、"传闻异辞"等是其中最为重要的思想观念.六朝小说家以记录"传闻"、追求"奇异"和"游心寓目"概括小说之特征亦奠定了后世小说学的基本内涵,故先唐时期是中国古代小说学重要的思想之源,对后世小说与小说学产生了深远的影响.

  7. 论林语堂的幽默文学观%On LIN Yu-tang's View of Humorous Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢昭新

    2009-01-01

    林语堂发明了"幽默"一词,建构了他的幽默文学观.在"语丝"时期,将"幽默"看成是"真实的,宽容的,同情的人生观", 此间的散文,多在"真实"、真诚上面用力,讽刺力量较强."论语"、"人间世"时期的幽默则多从个人性灵上抒写闲适的情调,其幽默观中多带个人主义色彩,是"以自我为中心,以闲适为格调" 的自由主义的人生观.他的幽默观和幽默小品创作又特别重视幽默的审美价值,创造了滑稽、机警、俏皮、讽刺的"笑"的美感情趣.%LIN Yu-tang creates a new concept of humor in order to construct his literary thoughts. During the period when he writes for a magazine called "Yusi",he considers "humor" as "a sincere, tolerant and sympathetic view of life". As a result, his prose usually has sarcastic strength rooted in the real human life and his open heart. However, during the period when he edits magazines called "Lunyu" and "Renjianshi", his prose changes to express his personal spirit with a leisurely style. At this time, his view of humor inclined to individualism and liberalism. Besides, his thinking and writings on humor paid attention to the aesthetic value of humor, which includes farcicality, wittiness, naughtiness, irony and laugh.

  8. Yin-Chen-Hao Tang Attenuates Severe Acute Pancreatitis in Rat: An Experimental Verification of In silico Network Target Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Hong; Wang, Guijun; Qu, Jialin; Xia, Shilin; Tao, Xufeng; Qi, Bing; Zhang, Qingkai; Shang, Dong

    2016-01-01

    Yin-Chen-Hao Tang (YCHT) is a classical Chinese medicine compound that has a long history of clinical use in China for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. However, the efficacy and mechanisms of YCHT for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) are not known. The current study investigated the pharmacological properties of YCHT against SAP and its underlying mechanisms. A computational prediction of potential targets of YCHT was initially established based on a network pharmacology simulation. The model suggested that YCHT attenuated SAP progress by apoptosis inducement, anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation and blood lipid regulation. These effects were validated in SAP rats. YCHT administration produced the following results: (1) significantly inhibited the secretion of pancreatic enzymes and protected pancreatic tissue; (2) obviously increased the number of in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells and induced apoptosis; (3) markedly inhibited neutrophil infiltration to the impaired pancreas and reduced the inflammatory reaction; (4) notably enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes and decreased the nitric oxide synthase levels; (5) significantly reduced the levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein and increased high-density lipoprotein; and (6) significantly up-regulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) and down-regulated nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). In summary, these results demonstrated that YCHT attenuated SAP progress by inducing apoptosis, repressing inflammation, alleviating oxidative stress and regulating lipid metabolism partially via regulation of the NF-κB/PPARγ signal pathway. PMID:27790147

  9. Effect of Tang No.1 Granule(糖1号方) in Treating Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Yan; HONG Yu-zhi; YE Xun

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of Tang No.1 granule (糖1号方, T1G) in treating patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Methods: One hundred and forty patients with visiting sequence into two equal groups. The control group received only general knowledge about IGT, but to the treated group, based on current knowledge available, TIG was given additionally for 6 months. Changes in related laboratory indexes, including fasting plasma glucose and insulin (FPG and FINS), plasma glucose 2 h after meal (2hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), serum triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), were observed. Results: The levels of FPG, 2hPG, HbA1c, FINS, TG and HOMA-IR were significantly decreased after treatment in the treated group, showing a significant difference compared to the control group (P<0.01). Among them, HbAlc decreased from 7.08±1.41% to 6.56±1.29% in the treated group, while in the control group, it decreased from 7.02±1.37% to 6.93±1.31%. The level of LDL was also reduced in the treated group after treatment (P<0.05). In the treated group, 13 out of 68 patients (19.12%) had their glucose tolerance reversed to normal, while in the control group, only 2/64 (3.1%) got it reverse; a comparison between the two groups in terms of reversion rate showed a significant difference (P<0.01). No severe adverse reaction was found in the therapeutic course. Conclusions: T1G has good clinical effect as a treatment intervention for IGT, as it could improve glycometabolism, significantly depress the levels of post-prandial blood sugar and blood lipids, alleviate clinical symptoms of patients, and effectively cut-off and reverse the yielding and development of diabetes mellitus.

  10. Tu-yuan-ce-fu and Compilation of Encyclopedia in the Tang Dynasty%《兔园策府》与唐代类书的编纂

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璐

    2015-01-01

    类书起源很早,是中国传统文化的产物。唐代修撰类书,始于建国之初,大抵是出于帝王之愿,试图把所有的知识进行分类便于提纲挈领地学习,因而唐代还有不少文人学士所编的类书就因循这样的法则。敦煌本《兔园策府》也是其中之一,它的白文本在唐宋间十分流行,《兔园策府》成书时间在《初学记》前,因而偶句之体例不是自徐坚始,很有可能始自《兔园策府》。%The encyclopedia originated early, is the product of Chinese traditional culture. The encyclopedias com-pilation started at the foundation of Tang Dynasty, which is probably out of the emperor willing to try to put all the knowledge classification facilitates learning focused on the vital. Then the encyclopedias compiled by scholars was procrastinating this rule as well in Tang Dynasty. Tu-yuan-ce-fu ( Encyclopedia Rabbit Garden) of Dunhuang edi-tion is one of them;its full form was very popular among the Tang and Song Dynasties. Tu-yuan-ce-fu was comple-ted before Chu-xue-ji ( The Primary Anthology) . Alternate style was not created by Xu Jian but probably from Tu-yuan-ce-fu.

  11. Tu-yuan-ce-fu and Compilation of Encyclopedia in the Tang Dynasty%《兔园策府》与唐代类书的编纂

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璐

    2014-01-01

    类书起源很早,是中国传统文化的产物。唐代修撰类书,始于建国之初,大抵是出于帝王之愿,试图把所有的知识进行分类便于提纲挈领地学习,因而唐代还有不少文人学士所编的类书就因循这样的法则。敦煌本《兔园策府》也是其中之一,它的白文本在唐宋间十分流行,《兔园策府》成书时间在《初学记》前,因而偶句之体例不是自徐坚始,很有可能始自《兔园策府》。%The encyclopedia originated early, is the product of Chinese traditional culture. The encyclopedias com-pilation started at the foundation of Tang Dynasty, which is probably out of the emperor willing to try to put all the knowledge classification facilitates learning focused on the vital. Then the encyclopedias compiled by scholars was procrastinating this rule as well in Tang Dynasty. Tu-yuan-ce-fu ( Encyclopedia Rabbit Garden) of Dunhuang edi-tion is one of them;its full form was very popular among the Tang and Song Dynasties. Tu-yuan-ce-fu was comple-ted before Chu-xue-ji ( The Primary Anthology) . Alternate style was not created by Xu Jian but probably from Tu-yuan-ce-fu.

  12. On the Statement of "the Tang Society Advocating Magnanimous during Zhenguang -Kaiyuan Era"%“贞元之风尚荡”析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方丽萍

    2012-01-01

    Li Zhao in the late Tang period had a statement that" the Tang society advocated magnanimous during Zhenguang - Kaiyuan era". Chen Yinke and others pointed out that the scholars from the plebeians in the middle Tang were frivolous, debauchery, unintelligent and incompetent. However, they were not merely the groups who advocated magnanimous but in- cluding all the budding candidates and officials just entering officialdom. The statement includes many meanings, such as the freedom of academic thought, the sense of equal personality, deliberately upright actions as well as the magnanimous and sincere writing, which is from their self - confidence in their knowledge, training, and their responsibility for the socie- ty.%晚唐李肇有“贞元之风尚荡”的说法。陈寅恪等先生认为中唐时出身于庶族的进士阶层浮薄放荡、不通经术、不守礼法。然而“尚荡”的主体并不单纯是庶族进士而应包括所有贞元时初露头角的举子和初入官场的官员。“贞元之风尚荡”包括学术思想的自由、速功思想、人格上的平等意识、刻意的耿介其行以及创作上的坦荡真率等多层含义。贞元士人的“荡”来自于对自身学识、修养、人生目标等的自信和拯时济弊的社会责任感。

  13. Diffusion of Tang Dynasty Literature and Traditional Chinese Medicinal Culture%唐代文学与#医药文化的传播

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雨; 韩静

    2016-01-01

    有唐一代,是中国文学的繁荣时期,可谓诗文众体皆备。唐传奇的创作与发展,使得中国小说走向成熟。由于经济与文化的繁荣,唐代的医学也获得了进一步的发展,中国医学在医经、医方、本草、针灸等方面都达到了空前的高度。在唐代,文人通医的现象已相当普遍,他们创作了大量与医药相关的文学作品。优美的语言、艺术的思维,既丰富了中医药的文化内涵,又从更广泛的层面促进了中医药文化的普及与传播。%ABSTRACT:As a prosperous period of literature,Tang Dynasty boasts its colorful poems and proses,which drives the maturity of Chinese novel.Economic and cultural prosperity also promotes the further development of Chinese medicine of Tang Dynasty,making it reach an unprecedented height in medical classics,medical prescriptions,ma-teria medica,acupuncture and moxibustion.During the Tang Dynasty,a great number of literary works concerning medicine have been composed by many literati who master a great deal of medicine.Such works with beautiful lan-guage and thinking pattern have enriched the cultural connotation of traditional Chinese medicine and promoted the popularization and dissemination of traditional Chinese medicinal culture in a broad way.

  14. The Therapeutic Effects of Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture in 50 Psychotic Patients with Obesity Induced by the Psychoactive Drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁国安; 余国汉; 张教东; 梁绍材; 刘丽勤; 黄鹏; 陈惠娟; 肖爱祥; 李小芳; 蔡颖莲

    2005-01-01

    @@ In order to observe the therapeutic effects of Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture (芩桂术甘汤) on obesity induced by psychoactive drugs, 100 psychotics with obesity induced by psychoactive drugs were randomly divided into a treatment group (50 cases)and a control group (50 cases) for a 8-week treatment.The changes were determined by means of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS) with the body weight recorded before and after treatment. The results showed that the total effective rate was 72% in the treatment group, and 14% in the control group,with the former obviously superior to the latter (P<0.01). The BPRS scores were 33.02t7.34 in the treatment group and 32.39± 3.51 in the control group before treatment; and 20.38±5.10 in the treatment group and 20.82± 1.75 in the control group after treatment. The BPRS scores were obviously reduced after treatment in the two groups (both P<0.01), but with no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). This indicates that the Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture does not influence the curative effect of the psychoactive drugs while showing the body weight-reducing effect. Therefore, the Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture can be used for those psychotic patients with obesity induced by the psychoactive drugs (the incidence is 10-25%) in their continuous course of treatment with the latter drugs.

  15. Exploration of Prosperity of Poetry on History in Later Tang Dynasty%晚唐咏史诗发达原因新探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗浩刚

    2012-01-01

    The unprecedented prosperity of poems on history in later Tang dynasty have a variety of reasons. History attachment in im- perial civil examination in middle - and - later Tang dynasty, and corresponding popular history consciousness are the basic reasons for its prosperity. What~ more, the dialectical thinking required in imperial civil examination, social ideological trend of seeking new, training of critical thinking that required in the poetry on poems made it in the thorough aesthetic process, causing the lasting enthusi- asm of the poets of history. Additionally, poems on history about Southern Dynasty add extraordinary splendor to the historical poetry in later Tang dynasty with vividness.%晚唐咏史诗空前繁盛的原因有多种。中晚唐科举重史意识,以及由此引起的普遍的重史风气,为晩唐咏史诗的繁荣准备了必要的素材。科举试策的辩证思维、社会思潮的求新求异,训练、培养了士人观史时独具只眼的洞察力,使咏史诗处于常新的审美过程中,引起诗人对咏史诗持续的关注热情。晚唐的局势与南朝相似,南方也成了国之命脉所系,再加上晚唐时大量的诗人都有到南方的经历,故使有关南朝的咏史诗因身临其境而真切、形象、生动,从而为晚唐咏史诗的繁盛别添异彩。

  16. 唐君毅的哲学史方法论%Exploration of Methodology of Tang Junyi’ s Research on the History of Philos-ophy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海龙

    2014-01-01

    作为20世纪重要的哲学史家,唐君毅在研治中国哲学史时,视中国哲学为一独立系统,坚持客观地了解研究的态度,以“义理训诂交相明”为其哲学史方法论的总原则,在具体的研究中运用各种哲学方法,同时采用“原”的哲学史叙述方式。唐君毅的哲学史研究总体上具有“哲学史与哲学之间”的特点,实质上是一种哲学创作与建构。%As one of the important philosophical historians of the twentieth century , Tang Junyi had great re-search achievements in the field of the history of Chinese philosophy .He not only left “the original theories of Chinese philosophy” series, but also inspired and guided the later scholars in the field of research methodology of the history of philosophy .Tang Junyi viewed Chinese philosophy as an independent system when he did research on the history of Chinese philosophy , and he adhered to the objective attitude .In his research , we find that he used “the mutual highlights of the argumentation and the gloss” as the general principles of the methodology of researching the history of philosophy .But in the specific research , he used various approaches and the “original”narrative mode .His research on the history of philosophy has the characteristics of “between the philosophy and the history of philosophy” in general .Overall , Tang Junyi ’ s research on the history of philosophy is essentially a kind of philosophical creation and construction .

  17. Erxian Tang(二仙汤)——Introduction of a Chinese Herbal Formula,Clinical Practice,and Experimental Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jie-jia; LI Jack Thomas; FU Jian-ping

    2007-01-01

    Erxian Tang(二仙汤,EXT)is a Chinese herbal formula developed for the treatment of menopausal syndrome in women.In the past 50 years,EXT has shown positive efficacy in the treatment of many chronic diseases in TCM,involving syndrome types of Shen (肾) yin-yang deficiency,yin-deficiency caused yang-flourishing,and disharmony of Chong-Ren meridian.Experimental studies have revealed that EXT has multiple pharmacological actions on such multipie targets as hypothalamus-pituitary-target gland axis,immune function and free radical metabolism,etc.

  18. 唐诗中的商贾形象研究%A Study of Businessmen Image in Poetry of Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖; 徐勇

    2012-01-01

    Through poetry of business in Tang Dynasty, this paper discusses the businessmen image under criticism, for sympathy and the businessmen image of being profit-minded respectively from three aspects: the joy of businessmen, the hardship of busiinessmen, and the love of businessmen.%该文从唐代商业题材诗歌人手,分别从商贾之乐、商贾之苦、商贾之爱三个方面论述了唐诗中受批判的商贾形象、受同情的商贾形象以及重利轻离的商人形象。

  19. A Combined Use of Acupuncture,Moxibustion and Long Dan Xie Gan Tang for Treatment of 36 Cases of Chronic Pelvic Inflammation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金亚蓓

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on chronic pelvic inflammation. Method: Thirty-six cases of chronic pelvic inflammation were treated with acupuncture,the Pathogenic Fire of the Liver) and medicinal cake moxibustion. Result: The treatment resulted in cure in 9 cases, obvious effect in 16 cases, effect in 7 cases and no effect in 4 cases. Conclusion:Acupuncture, moxibustion and the ancient recipe Long Dan Xie Gan Tang used together can enhance the therapeutic effects on chronic pelvic inflammation.

  20. Antioxidant Formulae, Shengmai San, and LingGuiZhuGanTang, Prevent MPTP Induced Brain Dysfunction and Oxidative Damage in Mice

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The present study was designed to evaluate the preventive effect of antioxidative traditional oriental medicine formulae, Shengmai San (SMS) and LingGuiZhuGanTang (LGZGT), against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) (i.p 30 mg·kg−1 for 5 consecutive days) induced neurotoxicity. In in vitro antioxidant assays measured with Trolox and butyl hydroxyl toluene as reference antioxidant revealed that SMS has higher scavenging potential against hydroxyl radical than superoxide anion r...

  1. Simultaneous use of traditional Chinese medicine (Si-Ni-Tang to treat septic shock patients: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Shin-Hwar

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Even though there are continually upgraded recommendations for managing sepsis, such as "Surviving Sepsis Campaign: international guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock", mortality is still high. Si-Ni-Tang, a remedy documented in Shanghan Lun, a medical collection from ancient China, is used for treating patients with sepsis and septic shock. Using a well-designed clinical trial, we are eager to survey the effectiveness of the concurrent use of this remedy in restoring these patients' hemodynamic status, or "Yang Qi". Methods/Design Patients admitted to our medical intensive care units with the diagnosis of septic shock, defined as persistent hypotension induced by sepsis despite adequate fluid resuscitation, are eligible for participation. The inclusion criteria include: age from 20 to 85 years, conditions meeting the definition of septic shock, use of vasopressors within 24 hours of entering the study, and use of a nasogastric tube for feeding. The enrolled patients are randomly allocated either to the Si-Ni-Tang group or the placebo group. The prescription of the trial drugs (Si-Ni-Tang/placebo is 2.25 grams 4 times a day for 7 days or till shock reversal (if shock reversal occurs in less than 7 days. Data, including duration of vasopressor infusion, gender, age, co-morbidities, APACHE II score, predicted mortality, ICU mortality, ICU length of stay, hospital mortality, hospital length of stay, source of sepsis, and culture results, are collected for the following analysis. Discussion Si-Ni-Tang is composed of processed Zingiber officinale, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, and Aconitum carmichaeli. Zingiber officinale and Glycyrrhiza uralensis are found to have the ability to reduce pro-inflammatory cytokine production, to inhibit lipopolisaccharide-induced macrophage activation and function, and to lessen the bacterial load and suppress acute and chronic inflammation. Aconitum carmichaeli is known to have

  2. The creation of oil painting from the murals in the Tang Dynasty%从唐代壁画中体悟油画的创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婵

    2014-01-01

    本文从探讨古代壁画与油画的关联,来阐明油画并不是欧洲一家独占,色彩是油画的重要语言之一,而壁画对色彩、构图、技巧等方面倒有非常的讲究,它是一种以写实与装饰相结合,具象与抽象为调和,象征与寓意相统一的艺术。全文以唐代壁画艺术为中心,从中国壁画对色彩的研究,到技法的探索,分析了唐代壁画不同时期的风格特点,最后结合唐代壁画的题材、构图、技法、用色来谈一下油画创作,进而由唐代壁画的艺术价值来阐述一下中国油画的发展前景。%In this paper, from the relationship between the ancient frescoes an d oil paintings, to clarify the oil painting is not a European exclusive, color is an important language of oil painting, mural is very exquisite on the color, composition, skills and other aspects, it is a realistic and decorative combination, concrete and abstract, the unity of symbol and meaning of art. The paper takes the murals of Tang Dynasty as the center, from the research on Chinese murals of color, the exploration of techniques, style characteristic of the murals in Tang Dynasty in different period, finally combined with the theme, composition, technique, use of color of Tang Dynasty murals to talk about oil painting, and then from the artistic value of Tang Dynasty murals to describe the prospect of Chinese oil painting.

  3. The Study on the Composition of Yongdamsagan-tang(龍膽瀉肝湯’s Essential Oil Obtained by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shin Min-Seop

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : This study was performed to analyze the effective components of essential oil obtained from Yongdamsagan-tang, which has been efficacious against leukorrhea in gynecologic diseases. Methods : I obtained the essential oils of Yongdamsagan-tang by hydrodistillation extraction method and supercritical fluid extraction(SFE method, and then I analyzed those by GC/MS(Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrum. Results : 1. The optimum SFE(Supercritical Fluid Extraction condition was obtained in the following experiment conditions: pressure 200atm, temperature 45℃, duration of extraction 25minutes. 2. With GC(Gas Chromatography and GC/MS(Gas Chromato- graphy/Mass Spectrum analysis, I identified 37 compounds in the Yongdamsagan-tang's essential oil obtained through the SFE method. The main compounds were as follows : 3-Methyl-but-2-enoic acid,2,2-dimethyl-8-oxo-3,4-dihydro-2H,8H -pyrano[3,2-g]chromen-3-yl ester(49.81 %, (Z-6-Pentadecen-1 -ol(3.19%, (--Spathulenol(2.40%. 3. I identified 4 compounds in the Yongdamsagan-tang's essential oil obtained through the hydrodistillation method. The main compounds were as follows : 3-Methyl-but-2-enoic acid, 2,2-dimethyl-8-oxo-3,4-dihydro-2H,8H-pyrano[3,2-g]chromen-3-yl ester(2.61%. 4. 3 - Methy l - but - 2 - enoic acid, 2, 2 - dimethyl - 8 - oxo - 3, 4 - dihydro - 2H, 8H - pyrano[3, 2 - g] chromen - 3 - yl ester, all were identified in both the SFE method and the hydrodistillation method, but the others were not identified in common. 5. I also conducted an additional test in order to examine the essential oil's antimicrobial action against bacteria. Both MIC(Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations and MBC(Minimum Bactericidal Concentrations were 0.125㎎/㎖ against N. meningitidis, however MIC and MBC were 1.0㎎/㎖ in antimicrobial action against 12 different genera of bacteria.

  4. Elucidating pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines by biclustering analysis of the gene expression profile: a case study on curcumin and Si-Wu-Tang.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quan, Yuan; Li, Bin; Sun, You-Min; Zhang, Hong-Yu

    2014-12-29

    Natural medicines have attracted wide attention in recent years. It is of great significance to clarify the pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines. In prior studies, we established a method for elucidating pharmacological mechanisms of natural products contained in connectivity map (cMap), in terms of module profiles of gene expression in chemical treatments. In this study, we explore whether this methodology is applicable to dissecting the pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines beyond the agents contained in cMap. First, the gene expression profiles of curcumin (a typical isolated natural medicine) and Si-Wu-Tang (a classic traditional Chinese medicine formula) treatments were merged with those of cMap-derived 1309 agents, respectively. Then, a biclustering analysis was performed using FABIA method to identify gene modules. The biological functions of gene modules provide preliminary insights into pharmacological mechanisms of both natural medicines. The module profile can be characterized by a binary vector, which allowed us to compare the expression profiles of natural medicines with those of cMap-derived agents. Accordingly, we predicted a series of pharmacological effects for curcumin and Si-Wu-Tang by the indications of cMap-covered drugs. Most predictions were supported by experimental observations, suggesting the potential use of this method in natural medicine dissection.

  5. 唐代甘蔗产业分布及其商品化研究%Study on the Distribution and Commercialization of Sugarcane Industry in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冰冰

    2015-01-01

    甘蔗产业发展历史悠久,至唐代进入了一个新的阶段,其表现在产地增加,呈现“多个中心,南北不平衡”的分布特征;商品化生产特征明显,出现了种蔗、制糖及贩糖的专业户。甘蔗产业的商品化发展对当时唐代社会生活产生了重要作用和影响:既丰富了唐人饮食文化生活,又促使封建自然经济进一步向商品经济的转变。%Sugarcane is an established agricultural crop with a long history of cultivation .In terms of the progress been made in Tang Dynasty , there were increased growing areas with the distribution characteristic of being “multi-centered and north-south imbalanced”;the characteristic of sugarcane commercialization is marked by emergence of specialized households .The commercialization of sugarcane industry also played a major role in the social life of Tang Dynasty for it not only stimulated catering industry , but also made com-mercial market booming and promoted the production of commodities .

  6. A divulgação dos ativos fixos tangíveis segundo a IAS 16 e o seu grau de cumprimento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Jorge Ferreira da Costa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisa o grau do cumprimento das divulgações da International Accounting Standard 16 “Ativos Fixos Tangíveis” no Anexo às demonstrações financeiras consolidadas das empresas cotadas na Euronext Lisboa, no período de 2005-2010, bem como sua evolução e determinação dos potenciais fatores corporativos explicativos desse grau de cumprimento. Utilizando um índice de cumprimento, constatou-se um grau de cumprimento médio intermédio dos requisitos de divulgação da IAS 16 (67,3%. A experiência na aplicação das normas apresentou um impacto positivo, apesar de ligeiro. Atendendo à revisão da literatura e aos argumentos da teoria da agência, teoria dos custos políticos, teoria da sinalização e teoria da necessidade de capital foram desenvolvidas seis hipóteses explicativas do grau de cumprimento mencionado. Os resultados evidenciam que o tamanho da empresa e o montante de ativos fixos tangíveis são fatores corporativos explicativos do grau de cumprimento dos requisitos da divulgação previstos na IAS 16.

  7. Biography of Classics Scholar Kong Yingda in Tang Dynasty%唐代经学大家孔颖达简传

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳

    2012-01-01

    唐代经学鸿儒孔颖达在我国传统经学史上有着重要的地位,著名的《五经正义》即为其经学代表著作,列《十三经注疏》其一。孔颖达博学多才,著述颇丰,除研治经学外,对于传统史学也用力颇深,《二十四史》中著名的《隋书》即为其编撰。本文以孔颖达年谱为基础,结合新旧《唐书》以及其他史料,粗作其生平简传,乞望方家指正。%The Tang Dynasty Confucian scholar Kong Yingda had an important position in Chinese traditional classics history,for he had many famous works.Kong Yingda was a brilliant man of wide learning,as well as a prolific author.In addition to his researches into the classics,he was also excellent in traditional historiography.Based on the Kong Yingda chronicles,this paper briefly makes his life biography combining with the new and old "Tang Shu" and other historical materials,hoping to exchange ideas with all scholars.

  8. 高力士受唐玄宗器重原因探析%The Reasons of Gao Lishi being Valued by Tang Xuanzong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑜

    2013-01-01

    In the early Tang dynasty ,members of royal family often launched palace coups together with the outer court ministers .The fre-quent palace coups led to instable politics and the distrust of emperors to the outer court ministers .Then the inner court eunuchs power rose . One of best known was Gao Lishi who was deeply valued by Tang Xuanzong .Gao was featured with his political and military talents of loyal-ty ,cautious and holistic implementation ,monarch-subject communication ,advice-making as well as riding and shooting .%唐朝前期,皇室成员常常和外朝大臣联合发动宫廷政变,频繁的宫廷政变导致政局不稳,也引起了皇帝对外朝大臣的不信任,比较而言更为信任的是内朝宦官,宦官势力由此崛起,而其中的翘楚则当属高力士。高力士深受唐玄宗的器重的原因,除了生逢其时,还因他有对玄宗忠贞不渝、办事谨密、善于沟通君臣关系、适时对玄宗提出规谏、擅长骑射等政治和军事才能。

  9. 从先唐画论色彩语汇看绘画色彩观念%The Painting Color Concept from Pre -Tang Paintings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲娟; 李燕

    2015-01-01

    根据俞剑华《中国古代画论类编》中的先唐画论,梳理出绘画类色彩语词30个,进而分析了先唐各代表时期的绘画色彩观念:丹青与“重色”的色彩观、春秋时期孔子合“礼”的色彩观、春秋时期五行色彩观、魏徐幹的反绘画色彩观、南朝的色彩冷热观及水墨色彩观、南朝的“随类赋彩”及“以色貌色”色彩观等。%According to YU Jian -hua "Chinese ancient painterly theory class series"in the pre-Tang paintings ,we can conclude 30 painting color concept words .This paper further analyzed each representa‐tive period of painting color concept before Tang Dynasty :“Heavy Color Concept”;the Confucius“Ceremo‐ny Color Concept”in Chun-Qiu Period ;“The five Line Color Concept”in Chun-Qiu Period ;WEI Xu -gan's“Anti Painting Color Concept” ;“Ink Color Concept”in Southern Dynasty ;“Profile Color Concept”in Southern Dynasty and so on .

  10. A Brief Report of the Excavation of Gao Lishi's Tomb of Tang Dynasty%唐高力士墓发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陕西省考古研究所

    2002-01-01

    Gao Lishi is the most celeberated eunuch in China's history. He served the emperor Tang Xuan zong(Li longji) all his life, and gained almost the first rank official position.At 762 A.D.,he was died in his 73, and was buried near the emperor's mausoleum named Tai Ling next year, which located at Shanxi village, Pucheng county. The tomb composed of a vamp, four narrow patios-like spaces, three passages, six niches, a brick corridor and tomb chamber, simple murals were painted on the both side of the ramp, the corridor and the chamber wall, but most of them were destroyed. Fancy patterns were carved on the surfuces of the stone tomb-gate and the stone coffin bed. More than two handred pottery statues were found in the miches, including housemen, servants and animals such as horses, pigs, camels, dogs, rabbits and so on. Some bones found in the coffin bed have been authenticated that belong to a man older than sixty. It is unusaal that the epitaph stone is vectangular. The epitaph narrated Gao's original name, ancestry, feats, official positions and his fanmily,ect. Excavation of this tomb provide valuable date for the research of Tang dynasty history, and we can see that Gao Lishi was down and out at his death from the tomb structure and the relics.

  11. 唐人生活中的乐舞之娱%The Music and Dance Entertainment in People's Life of Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红雨

    2011-01-01

    唐代的乐舞之娱,遍及宫廷和民间。唐代帝王之中,不少艺术修养极高,他们不只是乐舞的欣赏者,也是乐舞的实践者和创新者,在这种氛围中,宫廷内外,一批优异的乐舞脱颖而出。除宫廷乐舞艺人外,唐代的官府、军队亦有乐籍歌舞艺人,王公贵族、豪门官宦,蓄养能歌善舞、年轻貌美的私伎成风。在唐人的生活中,凡是官宦富室、文人士子等欢会酒酣之际,必有乐舞,寻常乡闾也濡染歌舞风习。在开放的政治文化政策下,唐代乐舞亦积极吸收外来元素,缀染上浓重的域外文化的色彩。歌舞的美好和欢娱,带给唐人相当大的精神享受和生活满足,也使他们的生命浸润着艺术的芬芳。%Music and dance entertainment of the Tang Dynasty was popular in both the royal court and the folk.Among the emperors of the Tang Dynasty,there were some who enjoyed high artistic culture.They were not only the appreciators but also the practitioners and innovators.In this background,lots of excellent works of music and dances stood out in and out of the royal court.The thriving of the art of music and dance bred large amount of talents of music and dance.Apart from the palace music and dance talents,there were also artists in feudal official and army.The aristocrats,the rich and powerful family all had private professional female dancers or singers.In the people's life of Tang Dynasty,there must be music and dance wherever a party held in the official,the rich,the scholar or even the ordinary people's families.Under the opening political cultural policy,the music and dance of the Tang Dynasty also absorbed elite of foreign art and had heavy foreign cultural taste.The beauty and happiness of music and dance brought the people of Tang Dynasty great spiritual enjoyment and living content,and made their lives with art fragrance.

  12. 熊、唐、牟论意分疏%Xiong Shili, Tang Junyi and Mou Zongsan’s Discussion on yi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张锦枝

    2014-01-01

    提20世纪中叶,熊十力、唐君毅和牟宗三等新儒家学者集中讨论了《大学》“诚意”的解释问题,推进了宋明理学关于诚意问题的探讨。熊十力对于诚意的解释基本从阳明“身之主宰便是心,心之所发便是意,意之本体便是知”发展出他的“知体意用”论,并界定“意”为只能为善,不能为恶,去除了阳明“意”之恶的一面。牟宗三介于熊十力和唐君毅之间,他的意论以阳明学的立场、对形上形下的区隔和反情识的态度都继承了乃师的观点,而对于知、意、物的关系问题,念的问题等则有独特见解,构成自己的理论体系。唐君毅在乃师的基础上观点有所保留,他特重从工夫的方面客观梳理“意”概念在宋明理学中的发展,比较赞同蕺山的“诚意”说,并着力解释蕺山情意互释的部分,修正熊十力的观点。%In the mid-twentieth century, a discussion between several Neo-Confucianism scholars Xiong Shili, Tang Junyi and Mou Zongsan fo-cused on the interpretation of making the will authentic or sincere ( cheng-yi) of the Great Learning ( Daxue) , which deepened the disscussion about cheng-yi from Song to ming Dynasty.Xiong’s interpretation of cheng-yi based upon Wang Yangming’s doctrine ”the master of body is heart and mind ( xin) , the stirrings of heart and mind are yi, the substance of yi is con-science ( zhi)”, and developed the thought of“conscience is substance and yi is function” ( zhi-ti yi-yong) .Furthermore, he defined will ( yi) as what can only do good and can not do evil, thus removed the evil side from the meaning of Wang Yangming’s concept of yi.Mou’s viewpoint is between those of Xiong and Tang.He inherited his mentor Xiong’s learning from the aspects of keeping proposition based on the position of Wang Yangming, diferentiating metaphsics and immetaphysics and opposing the importance of emotions ( qing) , while he

  13. Landscape Planning Scheme of the Non-stop City of Xi’an in Tang Dynasty%西安大唐不夜城景观策划方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马健

    2014-01-01

    Landscape planning aims to make a theoretical guidance for the design of pedestrian street landscape. This paper, by mining and refining of the historical culture of Tang dynasty, combined historical culture and modern technology, reconstructed the artistic cultural conception of Tang dynasty in landscape intention, creating the splendid picture of the Tang Dynasty in which existing a space shutle and scene shift with tourist’s moving on-- dream Tang dynasty.%景观策划的目的是为步行街景观设计做出理论性指导。本文通过对大唐历史文脉的挖掘与提炼,将历史文化和现代科技相结合,在景观意向上再现唐文化的意境,营造时空穿梭、步动景移、辉煌壮丽的盛唐图景--梦幻大唐。

  14. Excavation on the Sub-city Site of Tang and Song Mingzhou City in Present-day Ningbo City, Zhejiang%浙江宁波市唐宋子城遗址

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁波市文物考古研究所

    2002-01-01

    It is known from excavation on the sub-city site of Tang and Song Mingzhou City in present-day Ningbo, Zhejiang, that the Tang walls of the sub-city were built of rammed earth and surfaced with bricks. The first phase of the Song sub-city wall, belonging to the Northern Song, has brick foundations and a brick-surfaced body. In the second phase, i.e. the Southern Song, the sub-city walls were built of long narrow stones and bricks for the foundations and of brick-covered rammed earth for the upper part, and parts of the walls were survivals from the Tang sub-city. Carefully constructed drains, level grounds and inspection wells were found within the Tang sub-city walls. On the Song ruins, neatly arranged pillars of buildings and brick roads, level grounds, drains and flower terraces were seen in the sub-city. Among the objects unearthed are mainly celadon vessels from Yue kilns, and also products from Longquan kilns, structural members and Persian pottery.

  15. The Decoction Analysis of the Guizhi Tang Associated Prescriptions from ZHANG Zhong-jing's Shanghan Lun%张仲景《伤寒论》桂枝汤类方配伍解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡皎皓; 庄海峰; 沈建平

    2011-01-01

    桂枝汤为仲景之代表方,体现其辨证论治思想之精髓,其类方为中最多的一组类方,在全书中发挥着极为重要的作用.本文着重以图形的方式表述桂枝汤的组方及桂枝汤类方的组方规律,对仲景组方思想进行探析,以期更好地了解张仲景的类方组方思想来指导临床的组方用药和辨证加减.%Guizhi tang is the representative prescription of Shanghan Lun, which book was written by zhongjing,embody the essence of syndrome differentiation and treatment ideas,the Associated Prescriptions of Guizhi tang is the most of the associated prescriptions in Shanghan Lun,is playing the extremely vital role in the entire book。 This article focuses on interpretation of graphical Guizhi tang recipe and Guizhi tang recipe law of parties,Of ZHANG Zhong - jing' s thinking whose was how to compatibility prescription, It is hoped that a better understanding of the ZHANG Zhong -jing' s ideology of how to compatibility the associated prescription to guide clinical medicine and the identification.

  16. The transformations of the Tang military system and social changes in medieval China%唐代兵制的演变与中古社会的变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国刚

    2007-01-01

    The military system in the late Tang and Five Dynasties is principally characterized by the transformation of the practice of conscription to the recruitment of mercenary soldiers, along with the changes of military establishments and soldiers' remuneration. In the early Tang Dynasty, the status and wealth of conscripts were highly valued. While in the late Tang, the martial art of recruits was more valued. This transformation in medieval China illustrates the decline of the imperial power's direct control over its subjects and reflects the historical trends of the social evolutions taking place during the Tang-Song Era.%唐五代兵制的变化趋势,主要表现为从征兵制走向雇佣职业兵制,其军队编制与兵士待遇亦随之变化.唐代前期兵役制度重视兵士的身份和家庭经济条件;后期则重视应募者的武艺技术.中古社会历史的这种变革,体现了国家通过权力直接控制臣民的制度的转化,从一个侧面反映了唐宋社会变迁的历史大趋势.

  17. 论《四库全书总目》小说类唐代书籍内容的可信度%On the Reliability of the Book Content of the" Sikuquanshuzongmu" Fiction in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦琼

    2012-01-01

    本文通过比较《四库全书总目》、《旧唐书·经籍志》与《新唐书·艺文志》中记载的小说类唐代书籍的异同,进而分析《四库全书总目》中小说类唐代书籍的可信度,发现这些书籍总体可信度都比较高,并非杜撰、虚构,有一定的史料价值。%This paper compares the similarities and differences of "Sikuquanshuzongmu", "Old Tang book Chronicles," and" New Tang Dynasty .9 Yiwen Zhi" recorded in the Tang Dynasty fiction books, and then analyzes the credibility of " Sikuquanshuzongmu" in Tang Dynasty fiction class books, and found these books' overall credibility is relatively high, rather than a myth, which has some historical values.

  18. Investigation on the effect of JiangXiaZhikeTang%姜夏止咳汤的急性毒性及止咳祛痰药效研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周荣娇

    2010-01-01

    目的 研究姜夏止咳汤的急性毒性及主要药效学,以为该方的进一步开发提供实验数据.方法 采用最大给药量法测定急性毒性,氨水、二氧化硫引咳法观察止咳作用.气管酚红排泄法、毛细血管排痰法观察祛痰作用.采用二氧化硫慢性刺激诱导慢性支气管炎模型,观察止咳作用及抗氧化的作用.结果 姜夏止咳汤1次最大给药量为436 g原药材/kg体重,相当于成人日用量的968倍.可抑制氨水以及二氧化硫所致小鼠咳嗽反应.可促进小鼠气管酚红的排泄;并能促进大鼠毛细血管排痰.慢性支气管炎模型治疗后体重下降、咳嗽次数减少,肺组织匀浆SOD,GSH-Px活力升高,MDA含量下降,血清MPO含量降低;胸腺指数、脾指数均明显升高.结论 姜夏止咳汤安全有效,具有确切的止咳和祛痰作用,可对抗机体氧化损伤,增强机体抗氧化酶的活力,改善慢性支气管炎存在的氧化-抗氧化失衡,提高免疫功能.%Objective Investigate the acute toxicity and chief effects of JiangXiaZhiKeTang to provide its further development with experimental data. Methods Asminist the maximal dose of JiangXiaZhiKeTang to determine the acute toxicity of JiangXiaZhiKeTang on mice. Observe the antitussive effect of JiangXiaZhiKeTang on mice cough induced by ammonia and sulfur dioxide. Determine the expectorant effect of JiangXiaZhiKeTang by measuring the phenol red excreted in mice trachea or measuring the amount of phlegm siphoned by capillary. Build a chronic bronchitis animal model by sulfur dioxide, intrapulmonary superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase ( GSH-Px ), malondialdehyde ( MDA ) and myeloperoxidase( MPO ) in blood serum as indexes to evaluate JiangXiaZhiKeTang, as well as avoirdupois, the change in immune organs frame and tussive frequency. Results The primary maximal dose of JiangXiaZhiKeTang is 436 grams crude drug per kilogram with mouse, 968 times as many as adult daily dose

  19. Mechanism of Chaiqi Tang in intervening metabolic syndrome%柴芪汤干预代谢综合征的机理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晶; 张立平; 王颖; 王新祥; 郑宏; 闫妍

    2012-01-01

    目的 对在临床治疗上有较好疗效的柴芪汤进行实验研究,探讨其干预代谢综合征(MS)的作用机制.方法 采用高脂高糖高盐饮食喂养方法制备大鼠代谢综合征模型,并分为模型组、中药组、罗格列酮组和正常组.中药组从造模开始即给予柴芪汤,给药量为5.71 g/(kg· d);罗格列酮组从造模开始给予罗格列酮1.2 mg/(kg·d).给药剂量按大鼠的体表面积进行计算.观察并比较不同组别大鼠的一般情况、实验室指标及肝脏组织学变化.用生化法检测丙氨酸氨基转移酶(ALT)、甘油三脂(TG)、空腹血糖(FBG),放免法检测空腹胰岛素(FINS)、硫代巴比妥酸法测定肝匀浆苯二醛( MDA)、黄嘌呤氧化酶法测定肝匀浆超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、HE染色法观察肝脏的病理组织学改变.结果 模型组大鼠一般情况逐渐变差,第8周代谢综合征造模成功.中药组及罗格列酮组肝功能、血脂、血糖、胰岛素敏感性、肝组织病理形态学改变及SOD活性、MDA含量等指标均优于模型组.中药组在改善TG、降糖及改善胰岛素敏感性方面稍逊于罗格列酮组,余指标改善情况均优之,但2组比较无统计学差异.结论 柴芪汤对代谢综合征和非酒精性脂肪肝( NAFLD)均有较好的防治作用,既可以降低血清中胰岛素含量,改善胰岛素抵抗(IR)的状态,又可以改善脂代谢,可能是治疗MS和NAFLD的作用机制之一.%Objective To study Chaiqi Tang with better curative effect in clinic, and investigate its mechanism in intervening metabolic syndrome. Methods The rat model of metabolic syndrome was established by feeding high fat, high sugar and high salt diet, and then all rats were divided into model group, Chaiqi Tang group, rosiglitazone group and normal group. The Chaiqi Tang group was given Chaiqi Tang (5.71 g/ kg · d) from the beginning of modeling, and rosiglitazone group was given rosiglitazone (1.2 mg/ kg · d, calculated

  20. Study of Antipyretic Function and Mechanism of Buzhong Yiqi Tang%补中益气汤退热作用及机制的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘进娜; 谢鸣; 高秀兰; 赵荣华

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨补中益气汤退热作用机制.方法:雄性Wistar大鼠随机分为正常对照组、脾虚发热组、补中益气汤组共3组,每组10只.采用饮食失节+过度疲劳+注射LPS法复制脾虚发热模型.每周测体温1次.第18天开始补中益气汤组每天ig(6.83 g·kg-1),正常组和脾虚发热组给予同体积蒸馏水,每天1次,连续5d.第22天AM 8:00脾虚发热组和补中益气汤2组大鼠ip脂多糖(LPS,80μg·kg-1)诱导发热,正常组ip等体积生理盐水.测量各组大鼠ip LPS后30,60,120,180,220 min肛温及绘制体温曲线,测定下丘脑环磷酸腺苷(cAMP)、前列腺素E2(PGE2).结果:与正常对照组相比,脾虚发热组大鼠体温曲线明显上抬,各观察点体温均明显升高,下丘脑PGE2和cAMP明显升高(P<0.05或P<0.01).与脾虚发热组比较,补中益气汤组大鼠体温曲线明显下移,下丘脑PGE2和cAMP均明显下降(P<0.05或P<0.01).结论:补中益气汤对脾虚发热模型大鼠具有明显的退热效用,其退热作用可能与降低中枢发热介质PGE2和cAMP有关.%Objective: To discuss the antipyretic mechanism of Buzhong Yiqi Tang. Method: The rats were assigned into the normal group, spleen-qi deficiency with fever group, Buzhong Yiqi Tang group, 10 rats in each group. The rats of spleen-qi deficiency with fever group and Buzhong Yiqi Tang group were treated with excess fatigue plus out of constant diet to copy spleen-qi deficiency rat model. The body temperatures were measured each week. From the 18th day, Buzhong Yiqi Tang group rats were fed with medicine 6. 83 g·kg-1 . The ones of the normal group and spleen-qi deficiency with fever group with physiological saline for 5 days. At 8 :00 am on the 22' day, the rats of Buzhong Yiqi Tang group and the spleen-qi deficiency with fever group were respectively intraperitonealy injected with lipopoly saccharide ( LPS, 80 μg·kg-1 ) to induce fever. The rats of the normal group with physiological saline. The rectal

  1. Decline of the Tang Dynasty from the Perspective of Princesses' Marriage%从唐代公主的婚姻演变看唐王朝的衰微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兰兰

    2012-01-01

    唐代公主作为皇室成员,其婚姻不仅具有政治性的特点,而且是唐王朝的发展与衰亡的见证,这表现在公主婚姻对象的选择、皇帝对公主的婚姻要求、公主的表现及再嫁规定等方面。唐代公主是中国古代封建社会最高统治阶级中一个独特的群体,她们曾在唐初的政坛上大放异彩,叱咤风云,享受着前所未有的自由与开放;也曾在唐代后期以柔弱的肩膀扛起保家护国的重担,受到日益沉重的重重束缚。%As the members of the royal family, princesses' marriage in the Tang Dynasty is not only typical of a po- litical product, but also witnesses the development and decline of the Tang Dynasty. This can be found in the fol- lowing aspects such as the selection of their spouses, emperor's requirements for princesses' marriage, their atti- tudes towards marriage, rules about their remarriage, etc. Princesses of the Tang Dynasty belong to unique groups among the highest ruling classes in the feudal society of the ancient China. They used to be very powerful and influ- ential in polities in the early Tang Dynasty, having enjoyed unprecedented freedom and openness, and they also shouldered the responsibility of defending their homes and country in the later Tang ingly fettered in many ways. Dynasty , having been increas-

  2. Application of Xiaoqinglong Tang in Synopsis of Golden Chamber%论小青龙汤在《金匮要略》中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊建平

    2016-01-01

    Xiaoqinglong tang is from Treatise on Febrile Diseases and Synopsis of Golden Chamber. Generally,this formula acts on eliminating the exterior,resolving harmful fluids,stopping cough and relieving asthma and indicates the exterior syndrome of wind and cold and retention of harmful fluid. In clinic,the re-spiratory disorders are involved,such as chronic bronchitis,allergic rhinitis,bronchial asthma,chronic ob-structive emphysema,pulmonary cardiac disease and acute attack of chronic bronchitis. In the paper,the rele-vant clauses and literatures of xiaoqinglong tang in Synopsis of Golden Chamber are studied. In association with the clinical application of xiaoqinglong tang,this formula is not only used for exterior syndrome. Cold flu-id is the key in syndrome differentiation. The formula should be applied accordingly to ensure the good effica-cy.%小青龙汤出自《伤寒论》和《金匮要略》,一般认为其功能为解表蠲饮,止咳平喘。主治风寒客表,水饮内停之证。临床多用于治疗慢性支气管炎、过敏性鼻炎、支气管哮喘、慢性阻塞性肺气肿、肺心病以及慢性支气管炎急性发作等呼吸系统疾病。文章通过对小青龙汤在《金匮要略》中的应用相关条文和文献复习研究,同时结合临床应用小青龙汤的经验,认为该方主治证候未必定有表候见证。临床应用当以寒饮为患作为辨别方证的要点,不必拘于有无外感,凡与该方方证对应者,均可应用,亦常取得较好疗效。

  3. The cultural traits of Tang Yongtong’s study of Buddhism%汤用彤佛学研究的文化特质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡永辉

    2015-01-01

    Tang Yongtong considered the development of Chinese Buddhism after the Han Dynasty as merging of different cultural conflicts. And his cultural advocation coincidentally agreed with his Buddhist studies in inner spirit. Based on his own extensive and intensive study of Buddhism, he expressed his discontent with the cultural studies at that time. On the one hand, he focused on some transitional figures in the history of Buddhism, the regional differences in the development of Buddhism and the methodology of Buddhist research. On the other hand, Tang paid attention to interactive relationship between Buddhism and indigenous thought of China, and observed the development track of Chinese Buddhism in the dynamic collision and integration of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. All these demonstrated a strong cultural trait in Tang Yongtong’s study of Buddhism, which was deeply rooted in his questioning consciousness and his exploration into which direction Chinese culture chooses.%汤用彤将“汉以后中国佛学的发展”看作不同文化冲突融合的已有案例来研究,因此,他的文化主张与其佛学研究有着内在精神上的暗合。汤用彤通过自己广搜精求的佛学研究,表达了对当时文化研究失于浅隘的不满。他在研究中,一方面表现出对佛教史上转折性人物、佛教发展的地域性差异、佛学研究方法论等方面的关注;另一方面也对佛学与中国本土固有思想文化互动问题给予较多讨论,同时也注重在动态的三教冲突与融合中考察中国佛教的发展轨迹,这些都体现出汤先生的佛学研究具有浓郁的文化特质。这一特质根源于他追问“中国文化向何处走”的问题意识。

  4. 论唐代诗文中的吐蕃异称--兼论唐朝的民族政策与“吐蕃”读音%Different Pronunciations of吐蕃(Tubo) in the Poetry of the Tang Dynasty-and the Ethnic Policy of the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    南晓民; 刘妍君

    2015-01-01

    唐代很多诗文都提到“吐蕃”,不过有些是以别称出现的,如“土番、西蕃、西戎”等。这些词都可表示“吐蕃”含义,写法又都与“吐蕃”有或多或少的差异,文章统称之为“吐蕃异称”,并把它们划分为与吐蕃“音同形近”和“义同形异”两大类;进而阐述了与“吐蕃”异称相联系的唐朝民族政策及“吐蕃”读音问题,明确“吐蕃”不可能读bō音。文章旨在回顾那段唐蕃密切交流交往的历史,重新认识古代中华民族内部的族群关系及相关的语言、文化现象。%The word“吐蕃”(Tubo:Tibet) appears in many Chinese poems of the Tang dynasty, but it has differ⁃ent ways of writing, like“土番、西蕃、西戎”. These words can be put into two categories, the words with similar pronunciation and form of writing, and the ones with different forms of writing. Additionally, this article discuss⁃es the ethnic policy of the Tang dynasty and the pronunciation of the word“吐蕃”. It intends to review the histo⁃ry of Tubo and the Tang, as well as their close relationship, and to reacquaint the relationship between the na⁃tions of ancient China, and the languages and culture of the nations.

  5. Interpreting Tang Ci and Song Ci from a Cultural Perspective:Reading the New Work of Professor Deng Qiaobin the Developing History of Tang Ci and Song Ci%在文化视野中诠释唐宋词——读邓乔彬新作《唐宋词艺术发展史》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李剑亮; 李寒晴

    2011-01-01

    The Developing History of Tang Ci and Song Ci is a new work of professor Deng Qiaobin, and it is also a new work of the latest Song Ci study. The book makes the theory of the development and conversion of culture as its clue. It reviews the main changing of the thought, content, art form, creation style and poets genre. This book is an original creation; and it has a very distinct science trait. The author described and judged the developing history of Tang Ci and Song Ci by the theory of culture transition, which makes the reader both understand the development of Tang Ci and Song Ci and the cultural background of the forming of the artistc traits.%邓乔彬的《唐宋词艺术发展史》是其近年来词史研究的一部新作。全书以文化的发展与转换理论为枢纽,考察唐宋词的思想内容、艺术形式、创作风格以及词人流派的主要变化。具有鲜明的学术个性和独创性,具体表现在,运用文化转换理论,描述与评价唐宋词的发展历程,使读者在系统了解唐宋词艺术发展的同时,也能了解这些艺术特点形成的文化背景。

  6. On Contract of Corvée Replacement in Xizhou Area during the Early Tang Dynasty%唐前期西州雇人代役研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐秀玲

    2014-01-01

    唐前期西州的雇人代役契约,条款明确、内容完备,雇佣双方责任或义务清楚,已经发展到比较完善的程度。雇价以银钱支付为主,日均雇价从唐贞观、永徽年间0.23文、0.33文到武周载初年间的0.67文,上涨了一倍还多。由于西域局势风云变幻,战争不断,银钱贬值严重,唐贞观、永徽年间,替烽人日均雇价银钱可买粮食麦粟9�1升至1.35斗,到武周载初年前后,日均最高雇价0.67文银钱仅买麦粟约1.08斗。雇人代役的出现,除了与唐代雇佣形势发展有关外,还与钱主们“因种麦、秋收等事宜”、西州地区人口减少以及政府的默许有关,既体现了唐政府对西州的实际情况的灵活变通,也反映了唐政府对上役的人性化管理,具有深远的历史意义。%The contract of corvée replacement in the early Tang dynasty had developed to perfect de-gree with clear terms, responsibility or liability. The wages was paid to employee by silver money, with average daily wages from 0.23 or 0.33 wen during the Zhenguan and Yonghui years raising to 0.67 wen before and after WU Zetian’ s Zaichu years in the Tang dynasty. Due to the turbulent situation in the Xizhou regions, the value of silver money is serious devaluated so that the wages which originally can buy 9.1 sheng to 1.35 dou of grain during the Zhenguan and the Yonghui years, then can only buy 1.08 dou wen during the Zaichu years. The appearance of the contract of corvée replacement is related to the em-ployment situation of the early Tang dynasty, the planting of wheat and autumn harvest, the decreasing of population in Xizhou area and the acquiescence of the government. It reflected that the flexible and hu-mane management of the Tang government, and had a far-reaching significance in history.

  7. The multi-herbal formula Chong-Myung-Tang improves spatial memory and increases cell genesis in the dentate gyrus of aged mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lei; Zhang, Mingwei; Zhang, Ruifen; Lee, Mira; Wang, Zhen; Hou, Jingang; Sung, Chang-Keun

    2014-01-01

    Chong-Myung-Tang (CMT) is a multi-herbal formula that has been used to improve memory. However, the potential mechanism remains unknown. The present study investigated the effects of CMT (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg) on spatial memory of aged mice. The behavioral training tests indicated that 200 mg/kg CMT treatment can significantly improve spatial memory of aged mice in the Morris water maze. Moreover, cell survival was examined by injecting bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) on the first three days. The result showed that 200 mg/kg CMT treatment significantly increased cell survival in the dentate gyrus. Cell proliferation was determined by injecting BrdU 2 h before the mice were killed. The result suggested that CMT treatments had no influence on cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus. Thus, an increase in cell survival in the dentate gyrus stimulated by CMT may be involved in the effect of CMT on spatial memory improvement.

  8. 唐汉钧教授治疗慢性骨髓炎经验%Prof. Tang Hanjun's Experience on the Treatment of Chronic Osteomyelitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓鸫; 赵津平; 唐汉钧

    2001-01-01

    Prof. Tang Hanjun has paid attention to the therapeutical principles of spleen strengthening, qi benefing, damp eliminating, blood-circulation activat ing, blood-stasis removing, kidney invigorating and bone strengthening for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis, and preferred the combination of internal use and exter nal use of Chinese herbal drugs. His experience obtained a good clinical effect.%唐汉钧教授治疗慢性骨髓炎,重视健脾益气利湿、活血化瘀、补肾填精壮骨之法,采用内服、外用结合治疗本病,收到了较好的临床疗效。

  9. 浅谈唐代才女薛涛与竹文化%A Brief Discussion on Tang Dynasty Talented Lady Xue Tao and Bamboo Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔景艳

    2013-01-01

    In the history of Chinese culture, the special contribu-tion of bamboo fully expresses the style of bamboo culture, while bamboo carries a totally new spiritual connotation in the history of Chinese psychology. This paper analyzes and researches the Tang female poet Xue Tao and her life of bamboo culture.%  在中国文化史中,竹的特殊贡献尽显了竹文化的风采;竹,在中国思想史上,承载了一种全新的精神意蕴。本文分析研究了唐代女诗人爱竹、咏竹,用她的生命流程诠释竹文化的一生,概述了竹文化内涵和现实意义。

  10. Effect of Dachengqi Tang (大承气汤) Granule on Proliferation of Intestinal Epithelial Cells in Rats with Experimental Intestinal Obstruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康毅; 林秀珍

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To study the effects of Dachengqi Tang (DCQT) granule on the proliferation of the intestinal epithelial cells in rats with experimental intestinal obstruction. Methods: Experimental intestinal obstruction models were established in rats and autoradiography with 3H-TdR was used to determine 3H-TdR labeling counts of intestinal epithelial cells in rats. Results: DCQT granule had no effects on 3H-TdR labeling counts of intestinal epithelial cells in normal rats. DCQT granule obviously increases the rate of renovation in intestinal epithelial cells of the intestinal obstruction rats. Conclusion: DCQT granule could reinforce the intestinal mucosa's defensive function by means of increasing the proliferation of intestinal epithelial cells.

  11. Effects of Sipgeondaebo-tang Pharmacopuncture Extracts on the Collagenase Activity and Procollagen Synthesis in HS68 Human Fibroblasts and Tyrosinase Activity Original Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Sena

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the collagen metabolism and tyrosinase activity of Sipgeondaebo-tang Pharmacopuncture extracts (SP. Methods: The effect of SP on type I procollagen production and collagenase activity in human normal fibroblasts HS68 after UVB (312 nm irradiation was measured by ELISA method. The tyrosinase activity after treatment of SP was measured as well. Results: Type I procollagen production was recovered by SP in UVB damaged HS68 cells. The increased collagenase activity after UVB damage was significantly recovered by SP. The tyrosinase activity was significantly reduced as well. However, the L-DOPA oxidation was not changed. Conclusion: SP showed the anti-wrinkle effects and whitening effects in vitro. These results suggest that SP may be a potential pharmacopuncture as an anti-aging pharmacopuncture treatments.

  12. Stereotypical relation and interpretation of tang-song poetry%常规关系与唐诗宋词的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冰

    2011-01-01

    从认知语言学的视野,在含意本体论的框架下,运用我国学者徐盛桓提出的常规关系理论,以汉语语料中的唐诗宋词为研究对象,采取抽样统计的方法,阐释常规关系在诗词意象理解中的作用。%In terms of "Stereotypical Relation" proposed by Xu Sheng-huan,this paper takes Tang-Song poetry as the study object by means of sample statistics to expound the significance of stereotypical relation in the understanding of poem.

  13. Open sesame: Identification of sesame oil and oil soot ink in organic deposits of Tang Dynasty lamps from Astana necropolis in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shevchenko, Anna; Yang, Yimin; Knaust, Andrea; Verbavatz, Jean-Marc; Mai, Huijuan; Wang, Bo; Wang, Changsui; Shevchenko, Andrej

    2017-01-01

    Lamp illuminants evidence the exploitation of natural resources, animal and plant domestication, commerce, religious practices and nutrition of ancient populations. However, the physicochemical analysis of their major constituent-burned, degraded and aged mixture of triacylglycerols is imprecise and may lead to ambiguous interpretations. We applied proteomics to analyze fuel deposits from eight lamps dated by 6th to 8th centuries AD that were excavated at the Astana necropolis (Xinjiang, China) and determined their origin by identifying organism-specific proteins. Proteomics evidence corroborated and detailed the assignments of source organism relying upon comparative profiling of intact triacylglycerols by shotgun lipidomics. We found that ruminant (mostly, sheep) fat, cattle ghee and sesame oil were common combustibles in Astana and concluded that sesame as an oilseed appeared in China under Tang Dynasty concomitantly with the expansion of Buddhism.

  14. Etude pluridisciplinaire en écologie lagunaire (étang de Thau, France) : stratégie d'échantillonnage et organisation spatiale du phytoplancton

    OpenAIRE

    Jarry, Vincent

    1990-01-01

    Une étude pluridisciplinaire sur l'écologie l'étang de Thau a permis de récolter une quantité importante d'information, à quatre périodes différentes de l'année (1986-1987), sur un réseau de 63 stations réparties selon un maillage carré de 1 km. Fort de cette information multivariée nous proposons une méthodologie pour sélectionner un sous-ensemble de station (20) permettant de reproduire la répartition spatiale d'une dizaine de variables environnementales. Après cette première réflexio...

  15. Treatment of Reflux Laryngopharyngitis with Modified Banxia Xiexin Tang (Pinellia Decoction for Draining the Heart)--A Report of 40 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Guanglin

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of modified Banxia Xiexin Tang (半夏泻心汤 Pinellia Decoction for Draining the Heart) in treatment of laryngopharyngitis caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).Methods: Forty patients in the treatment group were treated with modified Pinellia Decoction for Draining Good Voice by Relieving Sore-Throat). The effects were evaluated by the improvement in symptoms and the parameters obtained in a grading system of gastroscopy and laryngoscopy. Results and Conclusion:The comparison of therapeutic effects on complication of laryngopharyngitis, GERD symptoms, and findings in gastroscope grading and laryngoscope (P<0.05 or P<0.01) demonstrated that the modified Pinellia Decoction for Draining the Heart was much more effective in treating laryngopahryngitis caused by gastroesophageal reflux.

  16. Ultrasound-assisted extraction methodology as a tool to improve the antioxidant properties of herbal drug Xiao-chia-hu-tang.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chu-Ting; Wu, Ching-Yi; Weng, Yih-Ming; Tseng, Chin-Yin

    2005-06-03

    Xiao-chai-hu-tang (XCHT) is an important Chinese herbal prescription for curing many types of liver diseases. The contents of bioactive constituents (saikosaponins a, c and d, baicalin, baicalein, and glycyrrhizic acid), and antioxidant properties of XCHT extracts prepared with ultrasound-assisted (US) extraction in combination with ethanol (up to 95%) as extraction modifier were studied. The results showed that the US extraction significantly increased the bioactive constituents concentrations and antioxidant properties of XCHT extracts when compared with the XCHT prepared with traditional boiling-water extraction. Among the XCHT extracts made with US extraction, the sample prepared with 95% ethanol showed the highest bioactive constituent concentrations and the best antioxidant functionalities. The results suggest that US extraction of XCHT is feasible to replace the traditional time-consuming and low efficiency preparation procedure in the future modernized and commercialized manufacture of this highly valuable Chinese herbal medicine.

  17. 唐末辞赋创作的转向与赋学思想论%Fu Writing in Late Tang Dynasty:Change and Ideology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙福轩

    2013-01-01

    The late Tang dynasty is an important period in the history of Fu study when changes appear in Fu writing of each type .Content of comments and reasoning was merged into Sao style Fu besides the emotions . Rhythmical prose style Fu was also added with comment and reasoning , divorcing from the beauty and paralleling style in the early Tang dynasty .Symmetrical style Fu was not the content for imperial examination and used to chant the past and express the emotions , thus creating the verse Fu .In Fu ideology , ideas of valuing feelings and empha-sizing the past appear , while schools of euphuism and satire exist together .The view to Qu Yuan , Song Yu and Yang Xiong had changed to some extent .%唐末是中国赋学发展史上的一个较为重要的历史时期,各体辞赋创作纷纷出现转向,骚体赋在言情之外,融入议论说理的成分;骈体赋脱离了唐初以来的俪美和骈对习气,亦以议论、说理入赋;律体赋脱离科举,转向咏古和对情志的抒发,文体赋开始出现。在赋学思想上,表现出辞采派和讽谏派的交互,同时也有重情和重古的观点出现,对屈原、宋玉和扬雄的看法也有不同程度的转变。

  18. The Tax Evasion and Governance in Early Tang Dynasty%论唐前期逃税问题及其治理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢厚杰

    2015-01-01

    In Early Tang Dynasty ,the farmers ,the rich and the monk evaded tax ,which severely ero‐ded the revenue .To solve this problem ,the Tang government strengthened the household registration , urged families to escape tax levy against the rich and powerful elite ,and controlled the monk rights ,then carried out several operations on tax evasion .On the w hole ,the government action has achieved some suc‐cess in the short term ,but tax evasion was still serious .Farmers had little land which caused low tax ca‐pacity ,taxation management system dilemma ,monk duty -free privileges were the main reason which caused the campaign to failure .%唐前期,均田农民、权贵豪富以及寺观僧道大肆逃税,严重侵蚀政府财政收入。唐政府通过强化户籍控制、催征逃户税额,打击权贵豪富“相冒合户”、“别籍异财”、“官商勾结”,严控度僧权、设立僧道籍、沙汰伪滥僧尼等方法治理逃税。政府治理逃税行动短期内取得了一定成效,但并未持久,逃税问题依旧严重。农民土地难获保障导致的纳税能力低,摊征等治逃政策的疏漏,王朝财税管理的制度困境,寺观僧道免税特权的保留是治理逃税成效甚微之因。

  19. Prediction of dissolved oxygen concentration in hypoxic river systems using support vector machine: a case study of Wen-Rui Tang River, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Xiaoliang; Shang, Xu; Dahlgren, Randy A; Zhang, Minghua

    2017-07-01

    Accurate quantification of dissolved oxygen (DO) is critically important for managing water resources and controlling pollution. Artificial intelligence (AI) models have been successfully applied for modeling DO content in aquatic ecosystems with limited data. However, the efficacy of these AI models in predicting DO levels in the hypoxic river systems having multiple pollution sources and complicated pollutants behaviors is unclear. Given this dilemma, we developed a promising AI model, known as support vector machine (SVM), to predict the DO concentration in a hypoxic river in southeastern China. Four different calibration models, specifically, multiple linear regression, back propagation neural network, general regression neural network, and SVM, were established, and their prediction accuracy was systemically investigated and compared. A total of 11 hydro-chemical variables were used as model inputs. These variables were measured bimonthly at eight sampling sites along the rural-suburban-urban portion of Wen-Rui Tang River from 2004 to 2008. The performances of the established models were assessed through the mean square error (MSE), determination coefficient (R (2)), and Nash-Sutcliffe (NS) model efficiency. The results indicated that the SVM model was superior to other models in predicting DO concentration in Wen-Rui Tang River. For SVM, the MSE, R (2), and NS values for the testing subset were 0.9416 mg/L, 0.8646, and 0.8763, respectively. Sensitivity analysis showed that ammonium-nitrogen was the most significant input variable of the proposal SVM model. Overall, these results demonstrated that the proposed SVM model can efficiently predict water quality, especially for highly impaired and hypoxic river systems.

  20. Relationgship analysis between teaism's change from Tang Dynasty and literati's interest in Song Dynasty%论宋代文人意趣与唐宋茶道之变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷娜

    2015-01-01

    唐宋两朝茶道不管是从技的层面还是道的层面,其美学内涵都有明显不同.从茶叶的制造、品茶流程的变化到大批茶道高手兼书画家的出现,茶画、茶书法、茶专著的大量涌现,独特的茶百戏、斗茶等艺术形式与书画的结合和互相影响,以及宋代茶诗几倍于唐代茶诗的盛况都显示:宋代士人已开始追求日常生活的审美化,并将茶性之美与宋人的审美意趣、艺术化生活的主张相结合,促进了宋代茶道发展.%The teaism's aethetic connotation has obvious difference between Tang Dynasty to Song Dynasty,not only from technique aspect but also from culture aspect.From the technologibal process difference in tea-leaf produce and tea-tasting and followed with amounts of teaism master-hands' appearence;paintings,calligraphies and treatises regard to tea emergeed in large numbers.The unique recreation and contest with tea-tasting;the tea culture combine with painting and hand-writing and they influent each other;the tea poems in Song Dynasty severalfolds over Tang Dynasty.All the phenomenons explain that literati in Song Dynasty had began pursued appreciation of the beauty in daily life,this is the result of combine with tea characters,literati's interest in Song Dynasty and opinion of artistic life.

  1. Jaeumganghwa-Tang Induces Apoptosis via the Mitochondrial Pathway and Lactobacillus Fermentation Enhances Its Anti-Cancer Activity in HT1080 Human Fibrosarcoma Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Aeyung; Im, Minju; Hwang, Youn-Hwan; Yang, Hye Jin; Ma, Jin Yeul

    2015-01-01

    Jaeumganghwa-tang (JGT, Zi-yin-jiang-huo-tang in Chinese and Jiin-koka-to in Japanese) is an oriental herbal formula that has long been used as a traditional medicine to treat respiratory and kidney diseases. Recent studies revealed that JGT exhibited potent inhibitory effects on allergies, inflammation, pain, convulsions, and prostate hyperplasia. Several constituent herbs in JGT induce apoptotic cancer cell death. However, the anti-cancer activity of JGT has not been examined. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer effects of JGT using highly tumorigenic HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells and elucidated the underlying mechanisms. In addition, we examined whether the Lactobacillus fermentation of JGT enhanced its anti-cancer activity using an in vivo xenograft model because fermentation of herbal extracts is thought to strengthen their therapeutic effects. Data revealed that JGT suppressed the growth of cancer cells efficiently by stimulating G1 cell cycle arrest and then inducing apoptotic cell death by causing mitochondrial damage and activating caspases. The phosphorylation of p38 and ERK also played a role in JGT-induced cell death. In vitro experiments demonstrated that JGT fermented with Lactobacillus acidophilus, designated fJGT162, elicited similar patterns of cell death as did non-fermented JGT. Meanwhile, the daily oral administration of 120 mg/kg fJGT162 to HT1080-bearing BALB/c nude mice suppressed tumor growth dramatically (up to 90%) compared with saline treatment, whereas the administration of non-fermented JGT suppressed tumor growth by ~70%. Collectively, these results suggest that JGT and fJGT162 are safe and useful complementary and alternative anti-cancer herbal therapies, and that Lactobacillus fermentation improves the in vivo anti-cancer efficacy of JGT significantly.

  2. Official Genealogy in Tang Dynasty and the Shuzu Status Evolution%唐代官修谱牒与庶族地位变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜明辉

    2013-01-01

    谱牒编修伴随着宗族的产生而出现,随着世族门阀的兴起得以迅速发展,尤其是在唐代,谱牒的发展达到了顶峰。它不仅仅是传统意义的修谱,而且是统治者用来打击士族,提高庶族地位巩固统治的政治工具。唐代经过三次大规模的官修谱谍,使士庶二族的地位逐渐趋于合流,加之科举选官制度等其它方面的原因,盛行于晋唐时期的门阀制度也渐趋衰落,官修谱牒不再盛行,谱牒编修也逐渐向私家转变。%Along with the emergency of clan appeared the genealogy. With the rise of powerful family clans, it had enjoyed a booming, esp. in Tang Dynasty, when the genealogy compilation reached its peak.Rather than the traditional significance, the genealogy functioned as political tool for the rulers to suppress the aristocracy, enhance Shuzu (the humble) and consolidate the rule. Through the three large-scale state-sponsored amendments, the status of the aristocracy and Shuzu (the humble) tended to be confluent. Additionally, due to the imperial examination system, the patriarch system prevailing in the Jin and Tang period was fading. Therefore, official genealogy compilation was no longer popular and the editing of genealogy gradually shifted to private activity.

  3. Official Genealogy in Tang Dynasty and the Shuzu Status Evolution%唐代官修谱牒与庶族地位变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜明辉

    2014-01-01

    谱牒编修伴随着宗族的产生而出现,随着世族门阀的兴起得以迅速发展,尤其是在唐代,谱牒的发展达到了顶峰。它不仅仅是传统意义的修谱,而且是统治者用来打击士族,提高庶族地位巩固统治的政治工具。唐代经过三次大规模的官修谱谍,使士庶二族的地位逐渐趋于合流,加之科举选官制度等其它方面的原因,盛行于晋唐时期的门阀制度也渐趋衰落,官修谱牒不再盛行,谱牒编修也逐渐向私家转变。%Along with the emergency of clan appeared the genealogy. With the rise of powerful family clans, it had enjoyed a booming, esp. in Tang Dynasty, when the genealogy compilation reached its peak.Rather than the traditional significance, the genealogy functioned as political tool for the rulers to suppress the aristocracy, enhance Shuzu (the humble) and consolidate the rule. Through the three large-scale state-sponsored amendments, the status of the aristocracy and Shuzu (the humble) tended to be confluent. Additionally, due to the imperial examination system, the patriarch system prevailing in the Jin and Tang period was fading. Therefore, official genealogy compilation was no longer popular and the editing of genealogy gradually shifted to private activity.

  4. Jaeumganghwa-Tang Induces Apoptosis via the Mitochondrial Pathway and Lactobacillus Fermentation Enhances Its Anti-Cancer Activity in HT1080 Human Fibrosarcoma Cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aeyung Kim

    Full Text Available Jaeumganghwa-tang (JGT, Zi-yin-jiang-huo-tang in Chinese and Jiin-koka-to in Japanese is an oriental herbal formula that has long been used as a traditional medicine to treat respiratory and kidney diseases. Recent studies revealed that JGT exhibited potent inhibitory effects on allergies, inflammation, pain, convulsions, and prostate hyperplasia. Several constituent herbs in JGT induce apoptotic cancer cell death. However, the anti-cancer activity of JGT has not been examined. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer effects of JGT using highly tumorigenic HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells and elucidated the underlying mechanisms. In addition, we examined whether the Lactobacillus fermentation of JGT enhanced its anti-cancer activity using an in vivo xenograft model because fermentation of herbal extracts is thought to strengthen their therapeutic effects. Data revealed that JGT suppressed the growth of cancer cells efficiently by stimulating G1 cell cycle arrest and then inducing apoptotic cell death by causing mitochondrial damage and activating caspases. The phosphorylation of p38 and ERK also played a role in JGT-induced cell death. In vitro experiments demonstrated that JGT fermented with Lactobacillus acidophilus, designated fJGT162, elicited similar patterns of cell death as did non-fermented JGT. Meanwhile, the daily oral administration of 120 mg/kg fJGT162 to HT1080-bearing BALB/c nude mice suppressed tumor growth dramatically (up to 90% compared with saline treatment, whereas the administration of non-fermented JGT suppressed tumor growth by ~70%. Collectively, these results suggest that JGT and fJGT162 are safe and useful complementary and alternative anti-cancer herbal therapies, and that Lactobacillus fermentation improves the in vivo anti-cancer efficacy of JGT significantly.

  5. Soshiho-Tang Aqueous Extract Exerts Antiobesity Effects in High Fat Diet-Fed Mice and Inhibits Adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sae-Rom Yoo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Soshiho-tang (SST; sho-saiko-to in Japanese; xiaochaihu-tang in Chinese has generally been used to improve liver fibrosis- and cirrhosis-related symptoms in traditional Korean medicine. Although many studies have investigated the pharmacological properties of SST, its antiobesity effect has not been elucidated. Thus, our present study was carried out to evaluate the antiobesity effect of SST using a high fat diet- (HFD induced obese mouse model and 3T3-L1 adipose cells. C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into four groups (n=6/group, normal diet (ND, HFD-fed group, and HFD- and SST-fed groups (S200: 200 mg/kg of SST; S600: 600 mg/kg of SST and given HFD with or without SST extract for 8 weeks. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated into adipocytes for 8 days with or without SST. In the HFD-fed obese mice, body weight and fat accumulation in adipose tissue were significantly reduced by SST administration. Compared with control-differentiated adipocytes, SST significantly inhibited lipid accumulation by decreasing the triglyceride (TG content and leptin concentration in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. SST also decreased the expression of adipogenesis-related genes including lipoprotein lipase (LPL, fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-alpha (C/EBP-α, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ. Our findings suggest that SST has potential as a nontoxic antiobesity medication.

  6. Origins and Development of The Art of War in Tang Dynasty Learning%论唐代孙子兵学的渊源与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凤翔

    2011-01-01

    The Tang Dynasty is an critical period for the Study on Sun Tzu ,who has been honored as the lesser sage of military domain. The Art of War was developed is an important period. Grandson among the military studies "sage" status,Being considered as the primary military classics, The art of war enjoys a wide circulation and made profound influence. In Dang dynasty, comments on The Art of War reached its peak,abundant of original notes with detailed exemplification has been created, there are notes, there are expounded, and more thoughtful, in the Tang Dynasty,one of the distinguishing feature of the Studies on The Art of War is the prosperity non-official schools. The thoughts of Sun Tzu had been integrated with Confucianism,Taoism and other schools,which originated the Domestic Military Studies and the Taoist-Military school.%唐代是孙子兵学发展的重要时期,孙子位居兵学“亚圣”地位,《孙子兵法》实际上被视为兵书之首,传承广泛,影响深远。唐人注解《孙子兵法》达到高峰,注本丰富,有注释,有阐发,多有创见。唐代孙子兵学私学色彩明显,出现家兵学现象,还融合儒家、道家等思想,萌生道兵家流派。

  7. 初盛唐女性参政之文化影响%Cultural influence of women’s political participation in early Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵小华

    2016-01-01

    为研究初盛唐女性参与政治带来的社会文化影响,运用文献分析法分析初盛唐主要女性参政事件。研究认为长孙皇后以身份之尊影响朝政,对太宗朝谏诤风气的形成功莫大焉;武则天倡扬科举取士制度,影响了社会阶层之升降、变更和流通;上官婉儿身处唐代文学发展演进的关键点,通过品评来称量天下,引领宫廷诗歌词气充盈、刚健开阔的审美追求。%In order to study the social and cultural influence of women’s political participation in early Tang Dynasty,the major women’s political participation events were analyzed by document analysis. It is shown that the noble identity of ZHANGSUN Empress influences the political situation and power of the imperial government,and greatly contributes the dissuasion in Taizong Emperor Dynasty;WU Ze-tian advocates the system of imperial examination of selecting talents,which affacts the the promotion and demotion,change and flow of social class;SHANGGUAN Wan-er,who was at the key point of the development of literature of Tang Dynasty,contributes to the plentiful palace poetry and the vigorous and wild aesthetic pursuit by commenting on poetry.

  8. The construction of the spatio-temporal database of the ancient Silk Road within Xinjiang province during the Han and Tang dynasties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Jiantao; Luo, Guilin; Wang, Xingxing; Zhu, Zuojia

    2014-03-01

    As the bridge over the Chinese and Western civilization, the ancient Silk Road has made a huge contribution to cultural, economic, political exchanges between China and western countries. In this paper, we treated the historical period of Western Han Dynasty, Eastern Han Dynasty and Tang Dynasty as the research time domain, and the Western Regions' countries that were existed along the Silk Road at the mean time as the research spatial domain. Then we imported these data into the SQL Server database we constructed, from which we could either query the attribute information such as population, military force, the era of the Central Plains empire, the significant events taking place in the country and some related attribute information of these events like the happened calendar year in addition to some related spatial information such as the present location, the coordinates of the capital and the territory by inputting the name of the Western countries. At the same time we could query the significant events, government institution in Central Plains and the existent Western countries at the mean time by inputting the calendar year. Based on the database, associated with GIS, RS, Flex, C# and other related information technology and network technology, we could not only browsing, searching and editing the information of the ancient Silk Road in Xinjiang Province during the Han and Tang Dynasties, but preliminary analysing as well. This is the combination of archaeology and modern information technology, and the database could also be a reference to further study, research and practice in the related fields in the future.

  9. Research on Entomological Images in Spring in Tang Poetry%唐诗的春季昆虫意象研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李璐

    2014-01-01

    Entry of insects into the literary vision was closely associated with the writers ’ creation time .In-sects in different periods can bring different aesthetic experience ,and the emotions in classic literature shedding tears over the changes of seasons showed vivid pictures because of the introduction of insects .Insects and plants are basic elements constituting the spring scenery in Tang poems .There is the situation of symbiosis and fusion of many entomological images in Tang poetry ,and insects also often arise together with birds .Insects are active in literature ,and are also accompanied with deep inquiry of social consciousness of unexpected development caused by the hope in spring .%昆虫进入文学视野,与作家的创作时机有密切的联系。不同时期的昆虫会带来不一样的审美体验,伤春悲秋的经典文学情感因昆虫的介入而展现出鲜活的画面。昆虫与植物是构成唐诗春景的基础要素,唐诗中存在多种昆虫意象共生融合的情况,昆虫还经常与鸟类同时出现。昆虫活跃在文学中,还伴随了因春之希望产生的对社会忧患意识的深层追问。

  10. 唐代科举行卷之风与传奇小说%On the Fashion of Xing Juan and Legendary Novel in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建华

    2012-01-01

    Imperial examination system is the way to select officials in Tang Dynasty, so scholars tend to believe that the prosperity of legendary novel is related with the fashion of Xing Juan. In fact, imperial examination in MidTang Dynasty is almost controlled by Shandong nobles and other revivalists. The deliberately odd style of legendary novel is Obviously contrary to Confucian rites, which is :Unlikely to get a good impression of You Si. In addition, the legendary novel hostilely attacks Shandong nobles, so it is impossible to be offered to Zhi Gong Jv who comes from Shandong nobles. The key purpose of legendary novel created by the intelligentsia is to wake up the eyes and ears; ancient Chinese prose is most likely to become the tool of XingJuan.%唐代以科举取士,学界往往认为中唐传奇小说的繁荣与科举行卷之风有关。实际上,中唐以后,科举几乎为山东士族和其他复古主义者所控制,传奇小说刻意作奇的风格明显有悖于儒家礼法,不大可能获得有司的好感。另外,传奇小说敌意地攻击了山东高门,难以用来向出身山东高门的知贡举者行卷。唐代举子创作传奇小说主要是为了醒人耳目,古文最有可能成为行卷的工具。

  11. 唐代平民男子的服饰与生存状态初探——以唐墓壁画为例的考察%A Preliminary Probe into the Costumes and Living Conditions of Male Civilians in the Tang Dynasty——With the Frescos in Tang Tombs for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纳春英

    2011-01-01

    The frescos along the tomb passages show that the costumes for male civilians in the Tang dynasty included those for the head,for the body and for the feet.They were usually made of sackcloth or felt.These costumes,compared with those of the contemporary nobility,were simple in style and poor in quality,which meant that the civilians still led a hard life even during the heydays of the Tang dynasty,one of the most prosperous in China's history.%从墓道壁画所反映的情况来看,唐代平民男子的服饰主要有:首服、身服、足服三大部分。材质主要有:麻、罽(毡、裘)等。这些服饰与同期的贵族相较,款式简单、轻便,材质简陋。说明唐代平民男子即使身处盛世仍生存艰难。

  12. 黄连温胆汤对2型糖尿病小鼠血糖的影响%Study of Huanglian Wendan Tang to T2MD Mouse Blood Sugar Influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张卫华; 刘华东; 刘舟; 黄仕文

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Study Huanglian Wendan Tang to the obese diabetes mouse empty stomach blood sugar and Sugar tolerance influence. Method: The mouse feeds the high thermal feed 4 weeks later, Abdominal cavity injection STZ, Divides into five groups stochastically, Gives two armor biguanide 250mg/kg of Masculine control group, Huanglian Wendan Tang Low, middle and high monitoring group, Gives separately Huanglian Wendan Tang 5,l0,20g/kg. Gives the medicine 3 weeks continuously. Result:Huanglian Wendan Tang Obviously reduces diabetes mouse FBG, AUC of Huanglian Wendan Tang high monitoring group is lower than the model group obviously 25.6%. Conclusion: Huanglian Wendan Tang has obviously falls the blood sugar function of STZ induction T2MD mouse.%目的:研究黄连温胆汤对2型糖尿病小鼠空腹血糖、糖耐量的影响.方法:小鼠喂养高糖、高脂、高热量饲料4周后,腹腔注射链脲佐菌素( STZ) 100mg/kg,制备糖尿病小鼠模型,随机分为二甲双胍阳性对照组,模型对照组,黄连温胆汤低、中、高剂量组.黄连温胆汤低、中、高剂量组,分别给黄连温胆汤5、10、20g/kg(按生药量计).阳性药组给予二甲双胍250mg/kg.连续给药3周.结果:黄连温胆汤显著降低糖尿病小鼠FBG,黄连温胆汤(20g,/kg)的抑制率为33.1%;口服葡萄糖溶液(29/kg)模型组小鼠的血糖值均较空白组高,与模型组相比,黄连温胆汤( 20g/kg)能显著降低小鼠的血糖水平(P<0.05);黄连温胆汤高剂量组糖耐量曲线下面积(AUC)明显低于模型组25.6%.结论:黄连温胆汤对于STZ诱导的2型糖尿病小鼠具有显著的降血糖作用.

  13. Investigation on several monographs of the Tang dynasty related to Lingnan (Southern Tidges) medicine%唐代几部有关岭南医药专著的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳士英; 靳朴

    2008-01-01

    、、共著录8部唐代有关岭南的医药专著,至元、明时全佚.今桂林南溪山有宋人摩崖石刻一通;中有、各一条,是唐人郑景岫迄今仅有的遗存.唐代有关南药、海药的专著,有未著撰人的和李珣,李时珍认为两者为一书.今查发现,有一药引一书者,有一药同时引两书者,内容不同,疑为两书.%In the Tang dynasty,eight monographs related to Lingnan medicine were recorded in Yi wen zhi (Bibliography of Arts and Literature) of Xin tang shu (Annals of New Tang Dynasty),Yi wen liie (Brief Bibliography of Arts had Literature) of Tong zhi liie(Brief Annals of General History),Yi wen zhi (Bibliography of Arts and Literature) of Song shi (Annals of Song Dynasty).However,all of them were lost in the Yuan and Ming dynasty.Now,a piece of stone-carving,Gnang nan she sheng lun yang qi tang fang (Nourishing Qi Prescription of Treatise of Keeping Health of Guangnan) was found at the cliff on Nanxi Mountain in Guilin,the descriptions about keeping health prescription and keeping health treatise in Ling nan wei sheng fang (Hygiene Prescriptions of Southern Ridges) were regarded as the only extant version of Guang nan she sheng lun (Treatise of Keeping Health of Guangnan) written by Zheng Jing-xiu in the Tang Dynasty.Monographs about southern Chinese medicines and oversea medicines in the Tang dynasty can be seen,such as Nan hai yao pu (Prescriptions of Nanhai) written by anonymous author and Li Xun's Hai yao ben cao (Oversea Materia Medica).Both claimed by Li Shi-zhen to be the same book.Now,after checking the Zheng he ben cao (Materia Medica of Zhenghe Reign),it is suspicious that these are two different books instead of one,because sometimes,one medicinal item is quoted from one source,while other item can be quoted from the both sourees at the same time with different contexts.

  14. Comparison of effect of granules and herbs of Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi-Tang on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Ying; Lyu Yubao; Li Mihui; Luo Qingli; Sun Jing; Liu Feng; Lin Yanhua

    2014-01-01

    Background Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi-Tang (BSYQT),which is prescribed on the basis of clinical experience,is commonly used in clinics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for asthma treatment.The components of BSYQT include Radix Astragali (RA),Herba Epimedii (HE) and Radix Rehmanniae (RR).The aim of this study was to compare the effect of granules and herbs of BSYQT on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice.Methods Sixty female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into the normal control (NC) group,asthmatic group (A),decoction of granules of BSYQT treatment group (GD),decoction of herbs of BSYQT treatment group (HD),and dexamethasone treatment group (DEX).The mouse asthmatic model was induced by ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge.GD and HD of BSYQT as well as DEX were prepared and administered by intragastric infusion.Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine (Mch),lung histopathology analysis,inflammatory mediators in serum (IL-4,IL-5,IL-17A,IFN-γ,and eotaxin) and in lung (IL-4,IL-5,IFN-γ,and eotaxin) were selected for investigation and comparison.Results Both GD and HD treatment could decrease airway resistance (RL) and increase dynamic compliance (Cdyn) to Mch compared with the A group (P <0.05).HD treatment was more effective in RL reduction than Mch at doses of 3.125 and 6.25 mg/ml (P <0.05) and in Cdyn increase at Mch doses of 6.25 and 12.5 mg/ml (P <0.05).There were no marked differences in RL reduction and Cdyn improvement between mice in HD and DEX groups (P >0.05).Both GD and HD treatment markedly attenuated lung inflammation (P <0.05),and HD treatment demonstrated more significant therapeutic function in alleviating lung inflammation than that of GD and DEX treatment (P <0.05).Both GD and HD treatment resulted in a significant reduction in IL-4 and IL-17A levels and an increase in the IFN-γ level in serum compared with the A group (P <0.05).The effect of HD in lowering the IL-4 and IL-17A level was significantly greater than that of

  15. Yi-Qi-Zeng-Min-Tang,a Chinese medicine,ameliorates insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zeng Zhang; Hong-Li Xue; Yi Liu; Wen-Jian Wang

    2011-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the effects of the Chinese herbal decoction,Yi-Qi-Zeng-Min-Tang (YQZMT),on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats. METHODS:Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two dietary regiments by feeding either normal pellet diet (NPD) or high fat diet (HFD).Four weeks later,the HFD-fed rats were injected intraperitoneally with lowdose streptozotocin (STZ).Rats with non-fasting blood glucose level ≥ 16.67 mmol/L were considered type 2 diabetic and further divided into five subgroups:the type 2 diabetes model group,low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose YQZMT groups,and rosiglitazone group. Age-matched NPD-fed rats served as controls.YQZMT or rosiglitazone were administered for 8 wk.Intraperitoneal glucose and insulin tolerance tests were performed before and after the treatment to measure the glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity.Serum levels of biochemical parameters,adipocytokines,such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),interleukin-6 (IL-6),as well as free fatty acids (FFAs),were also analyzed. RESULTS:There was significant elevation of insulin resistance and serum levels of fasting glucose (12.82 ± 1.08 mmol/L vs 3.60 ± 0.31 mmol/L,P < 0.01),insulin (7197.36 ± 253.89 pg/mL vs 4820.49 ± 326.89 pg/mL, P < 0.01),total cholesterol (TC) (8.40 ± 0.49 mmol/L vs 2.14 ± 0.06 mmol/L,P < 0.01),triglyceride (2.24 ± 0.12 mmol/L vs 0.78 ± 0.05 mmol/L,P < 0.01),low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) (7.84 ± 0.51 mmol/L vs 0.72 ± 0.04 mmol/L,P < 0.01) and decrease in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) (0.57 ± 0.03 mmol/L vs 1.27 ± 0.03 mmol/L,P < 0.01) in the low-dose STZ and high-fat diet induced type 2 diabetic group when compared with the control group. Administration of YQZMT induced dose- and timedependent changes in insulin resistance,glucose and lipid profile,and reduced levels of FFA,TNF-α and IL-6 in the type 2 diabetic rats.After the treatment, compared with the diabetic group,the insulin resistance was ameliorated in the

  16. Excavation of Tang and Song Building-foundations North of Zhongzhou Road in Luoyang City,Henan%河南洛阳市中州路北唐宋建筑基址发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国社会科学院考古研究所洛阳唐城队

    2005-01-01

    In December 1997 to May 1998, excavation revealed Tang and Song Building foundations superimposed upon each other in the primary school north of Zhongzhou Road within Luoyang City, i.e. a little to the west of the middle of the palace-city within Sui and Tang Luoyang. The unearthed objects include porcelain articles, copper coins and an amount of building material. Among the discovered building ruins are remains of a north-to-south corridor, including its foundations and pavements, stone column-bases and -pits, and tile-shard path on the western side. The discovered pavilion of the late Northern Song is rather large in size; its vestiges consist of the remaining main hall, auxiliary houses, five courtyards and three corridors. This is the ruined palace largest in scale and clearest in form so far recorded in the palace-city of West Capital of Luoyang that belongs to the Five Dynasties and Northern Song period.

  17. Excavation on the Taiyechi Pool Site in the Daminggong Palace of Tang Chang'an City%唐长安城大明宫太液池遗址发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国社会科学院考古研究所联合考古队; 日本独立行政法人文化财研究所奈良文化财研究所联合考古队

    2003-01-01

    The excavation on the western shore of the Taiyechi Pool was the first step of the Sino-Japanese collaborative archaeological excavation and study of the Taiyechi Pool site in Tang Chang''an City. It has obtained valuable material data on imperial gardens and pools in ancient China. The result sindicate that the pool shore is built of rammed earth, and that among the vestiges are those of pool-shore roads, houses, corridors and drains. The remaining corridors evidence the reliability of the related records in the Old Book of the Tang 《旧唐书》 . It is also verified that the canal at the northwestern corner of the Pool was a part of the water-supplying system. The objects unearthed are plentiful and fine, including inscribed bricks, tile-ends, pottery and porcelain.

  18. 高职语文唐诗宋词教学的反思与构建%Reflections on the Construction of Tang and Song Poetry Teaching in Higher Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁淼

    2012-01-01

    In Chinese teaching practice,the writer holds that Tang and Song poetry can best embodies traditional Chinese culture,and it is also the best materials to cultivate higher vocational students' interest.This paper mainly explores the teaching of Tang and Song poetry teaching in higher vocational schools and proposes its innovative construction based on the writer's teaching practice.%在语文教学实践中,我认为唐诗宋词部分是最能体现古代优秀的中国文化,同时也是培养高职学生学习兴趣的最好材料,本文主要探讨高职语文唐诗宋词教学的问题,并结合本文的教学实践提出创新构建。

  19. 从《龙筋凤髓判》看唐朝初期边防问题%On the Border Defense of Early Tang Dynasty from"Dragon and Phoenix"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世进

    2013-01-01

    Based on relevant theories on the border defense of Tang Dynasty proposed by Chen Yinke, this paper interprets the words related to border defense in "Dragon and Phoenix", and reveals the negative border defense of early Tang Dynasty and the causes.%本文利用陈寅恪《唐代政治史述论稿》中提出的关于唐代边防的有关理论,对《龙筋凤髓判》中五道涉及边防类的判词进行新的解读,揭示出在唐初对待边防问题上存在一种消极防御思想以及这种思想产生的原因。

  20. 一旦新妆抛旧样--白居易《时世妆》的观察%Changes of Women’s Fashion in Tang Dynasty--A Study of Bai Juyi’s“PopularToilette”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严纪华

    2015-01-01

    Expressing with passion and desires, poetry, the cultural essence of the Tang dynasty, reserves the genuine records of the lives and contexts of the period. This study evaluates the poems of which the theme are women's fashion, such as"PopularToilette"by Bai Juyi and other related poems collected in "TheCom⁃pletePoetryCollectionofTangDynasty"from two aspects. One is the development of New Yuefu style. The oth⁃er is the reflection of women’s life and their dress code, hair fashion, and facial decoration with reference to the painting of Tang's ladies. Through the analysis, the author draws a conclusion that the image of the society and customs in the era of Tang as well as the tolerance regarding the foreign culture affecting the women's fashion and their aesthetic tastes can be explored.%诗是唐代文学的瑰宝。在诗语中,抒唱着热情与愿望,为唐时的生活轨迹与所生存的环境留下了真实的记录。在这个基点上,以白居易《时世妆》为主,参照妇容图影以及清编御订《全唐诗》相关的时世妆容诗,分由其诗体新乐府的语汇以及其妆容诗语中所描绘的妇女造形、所反映的审美风潮、时世历史的借鉴,考察其作为华风胡化交融迭错的载体、珍贵的社会文化史料的记录,是如何具体而微地见证了其所置身的时代与社会。

  1. 文学典范与人生际遇:唐诗接受司马相如考论%Literature and Life:Tang Poetry’s Acceptance to Sima Xiangru

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨许波

    2014-01-01

    There were two views in Citing Sima Xiangru in Tang Poetry:literature and life.From the first view,Sima Xiangru was the most outstanding writer of Ci and Fu in the hearts of Tang dynasty’s poets.They took Sima Xiangru’s Fu as standard to evaluate themselves and others. And SIma XIangru Sima Xiangru become a symbol of talent and learning has in Tang poetry. From the second view,Xiangru was a combination of luck and misfortune.These two views were also uniform.Because of the literary success,Tang poets liked to compare themselves to Xiangru in live experience,which consolidated Xiangru’s literary status contrary.%唐诗称引司马相如有两个角度:一是从文学出发,司马相如在唐人心中是最优秀的辞赋作家,诗人们多以相如赋作为标准去衡量自己与他人,并进而由辞赋家演变为才学、才华的代表;一是从人生际遇出发,司马相如献赋入仕、驷马回蜀的得志与既贫又病且穷的失意形成鲜明对比。这两个角度又是统一的,正因为相如是文学典范,诗人们才喜欢在人生际遇上吟咏称引,而不断地吟咏称引,更深化了相如文学典范的地位。

  2. On compatibility of Qingzao Jiufei Tang and dry cough of Sjogren syndrome%论清燥救肺汤与干燥综合征“燥咳”之契合性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓丹; 张林; 杨勇

    2012-01-01

    Qingzao Jiufei Tang has been analyzed from the angles of theory, therapies, formulas and medicinals based on TCM theory and pathology and physiology in modern medicine,and the correlation between Qingzao Jiufei Tang and Sjogren syndrome was discussed. Sjogren syndrome belongs to the field of internal dryness in TCM. Qingzao Jiufei Tang,although is a formula for external dryness,has curative effect on dry cough and spit-free induced by lung damage of Sjogren syndrome based on the therapies of diffusing, clearing, moistening, tonifying and purging lung. The design principle and medicinal combination of Qingzao Jiufei Tang has higher compatibility with the symptoms of dry toxin invading lung in patients with Sjogren syndrome, so it can be used for treating effectively dry cough of Sjogren syndrome.%基于中医药理论和西医学病生理认识,从理、法、方、药不同角度对清燥救肺汤进行分析,探讨清燥救肺汤与干燥综合征之间的相关性.干燥综合征属于中医“内燥”范畴,清燥救肺汤虽然是治疗“外燥”的方剂,但其立法主以宣、清、润、补、利五法,清中有润,润中寓补,对于干燥综合征肺部损害所致的干咳、无痰等症亦有疗效.因此,清燥救肺汤的组方原理、配伍药物与干燥综合征肺损害患者燥毒侵肺的证候具有高度契合性,可有效治疗干燥综合征之“燥咳”.

  3. 补阳还五汤联合巴曲酶治疗突发性聋的临床研究%Reaseareh on the effect of the buyang huanwu tang and batroxobin treating sudden deafness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张仲华; 师秀萍; 桂训海

    2008-01-01

    目的 观察补阳还五汤联合巴曲酶治疗突发性聋的疗效.方法 90例(99耳)住院患者随机分为对照组和治疗组,对照组给予低分子右旋糖酐和川穹嗪,治疗组给予补阳还五汤和巴曲酶,静脉点滴,观察治疗14 d.结果 治疗组有效率84.O%,优于对照组65.3%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 补阳还五汤联合巴曲酶治疗突发性聋可提高治愈率.%Objective To determine the effect of the Buyang Huanwu Tang and batroxobin treating sudden deafness.Methods 90 cues(99 ears)with sudden deafness were randomly divided into two groups,the control group were treated with dextran glucose intravenous and lignstrazine,the treat group were treated with the Buyang Huanwu Tang and batroxobin.The periods were 2 weeks.Results The effect in the treat group was more remarkable compared with the control group,there was a significant difference(P<0.05).Conclusion The Buyang Huanwu Tang and batroxobin treeing sudden deafness Can increase curative rete.

  4. Experimental Study on Tang Mai Ning for Preventing and Treating Diabetic Complication of Blood Vessels%糖脉宁防治糖尿病血管并发症的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓晓明; 韩崇旭; 李继成; 李国栋; 翟绍忠

    2001-01-01

    To study the Effection on Tong Mai Ning for preventing and treating diabetic complications of blood vessel,we perfuse stomach of DM rats induced by STZ with Tang Mai Ning (2kg/kg*d) in 8 weeks. Results show that Tang Mai Ning can decrease the levels of blood sugar,blood lipid,blood viscosity and blood endothelin,increase the activity of the SOD and decease the levels of the LPO in tissues of heart and kidney, and can prevent kidney frome pathologic change. Conclusion:Tang Mai Ning may effectively prohibit diabetic complication of blood vessels.%用复方中药制剂糖脉宁2g/kg*d灌胃连续8周,观察其对STZ所致糖尿病大鼠的影响。结果:糖脉宁除具有一定降血糖作用外,还具有降血脂,降低血黏度及血浆ET水平,提高心、肾组织SOD活性,降低LPO水平的作用,并可防止肾组织病理改变发生。结论:糖脉宁对防治糖尿病血管并发症是十分有益的。

  5. Discussion on Tourism Resources Destroy and Construction in South Regions of the Yangtze River of Tang Dynasty%唐代江南地区旅游资源的破坏及建设刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠科; 惠双琴

    2015-01-01

    唐代江南地区旅游资源丰富,旅游活动形式多样。但由于受到自然和人为两大因素的破坏,唐代的旅游资源受到了不同程度的损坏,其中人为破坏的影响更为持久和深远。然而,唐代作为我国古代旅游活动发展的高峰期,唐人尤其是文人士大夫十分注意旅游资源的开发和建设,以更好实现旅游资源的观赏价值。%In Tang dynasty the tourism resources in South Regions of the Yangtze River are rich and varied.People conduct extensive tourism activities.The tourism resources as a research ob-ject,we know they were damaged seriously by natural factors or human factors.Especially hu-man factors caused more serious damage.Whereas,Tang dynasty as the peak of ancient tourism development,Tang people particularly intellectuals pay special attention to the devel-opment and construction of tourism resources in order to better achieve the ornamental value of tourism resources.

  6. Fragment ion diagnostic strategies for the comprehensive identification of chemical profile of Gui-Zhi-Tang by integrating high-resolution MS, multiple-stage MS and UV information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shufang; Chen, Lulin; Leng, Jing; Chen, Pinghong; Fan, Xiaohui; Cheng, Yiyu

    2014-09-01

    Gui-Zhi-Tang was considered to be the most famous formula in Shang-Han-Lun, treating 32 symptoms of disease after adding up or cutting down crude drugs. The chemical constituents in Gui-Zhi-Tang were comprehensively studied by rapid resolution liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (RRLC-Q-TOF-MS) combined with rapid resolution liquid chromatography - diode array detector - ion trap mass spectrometry (RRLC-DAD-IT-MS) in this work, and a total number of 187 compounds were detected. Systematic diagnostic ion filtering strategies were recommended for flavonoids and oleanane-type triterpenoids, respectively. On the basis of the summarized strategies, compounds in Glycyrrhizae could be easily classified into flavones, isoflavones, flavanones or chalcones with special structures, and triterpene saponins with different sugar moieties. Consequently, among 187 compounds, 144 ones were confirmed or assumed tentatively. In addition, nine potential novel compounds were reported for the first time. This approach provided a rapid method for characterizing the constituents in Gui-Zhi-Tang, and would be also helpful in other TCM formulae analysis.

  7. The Compilation and Revision of the Tang Family Genealogy in Wenchang of Hainan and Cultural Heritage%海南省人文社会科学优势学科的识别与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雯雯; 潘雄锋; 尤春花

    2012-01-01

    Dajia Village in Maihao Town of Wenchang City, Hainan, is the birthland of the Tang fami- ly. Having attached much importance to the compilation of their family genealogy, the Tang family has been continuously compiling and revising it for several generations since its initial compilation in 1861 in the Qing Dynasty. As the third edition of the family genealogy has so far been completed, this paper is an attempt to study and explore the third edition of the Tang family.%对优势学科进行有效识别,对于各级人文社会科学管理部门正确调整和优化学科布局,推进人文社会科学事业发展具有十分重要的意义。论文以《中文社会科学引文索引》(CSSCI)为基础,运用区位商方法,对海南省人文社会科学的优势学科进行识别,在此基础上提出海南省发展人文社会科学优势学科的对策建议。

  8. The Compilation and Revision of the Tang Family Genealogy in Wenchang of Hainan and Cultural Heritage%海南文昌汤氏家族族谱修编与文化传承

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温小明

    2012-01-01

    Dajia Village in Maihao Town of Wenchang City, Hainan, is the birthland of the Tang fami- ly. Having attached much importance to the compilation of their family genealogy, the Tang family has been continuously compiling and revising it for several generations since its initial compilation in 1861 in the Qing Dynasty. As the third edition of the family genealogy has so far been completed, this paper is an attempt to study and explore the third edition of the Tang family.%海南文昌迈号镇大家村是海南地区汤氏家族的发源地。汤氏家族十分重视族谱的修辑,从清咸丰辛酉年第一次纂成《汤氏族谱》谱册开始,历经数代,绵延不绝。目前第三次续修业已完成。文章即是对《汤氏族谱》第三版进行的研究、挖掘。

  9. 加味增液汤联合电针治疗功能性便秘35例的疗效观察%Efficacy Observe on Jiawei Zengye Tang Combined with Acusector Treating Functional Constipation in 35 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李汝宏

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To observe the effects of Jiawei Zengye Tang combined with acusector treating functional constipation (type of intestine-dry-ness syndrome due to yin deficiency). Methods:35 patients with functional constipation adopted therapy of Jiawei Zengye Tang combined with acus-ector, the three days was a course of treatment. Results:12 cases were cured, 23 cases improved, and the total effective rate was 100%. Conclusion:Jiawei Zengye Tang combined with acusector treating functional constipation (type of intestine-dryness syndrome due to yin deficiency) is obvious efficacy, which avoids the adverse reactions caused by traditional stimulant laxatives.%  目的:观察加味增液汤联合电针治疗功能性便秘(阴虚肠燥型)的疗效。方法:35例功能性便秘患者用加味增液汤联合电针治疗,3天为1疗程。结果:治愈12例,好转23例,总有效率为100%。结论:加味增液汤联合电针治疗功能性便秘(阴虚肠燥型)疗效确切,避免了传统刺激性泻药所致的不良反应。

  10. 自拟痛风汤加减治疗老年原发性痛风30例%Modified Self-made TongFengTang in Treating 30 Cases of Senile Primary Gout

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙涛

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察自拟痛风汤加减治疗老年原发性痛风的疗效.方法:以自拟痛风汤为基础方辨证加减,治疗痛风30例,1荆/d,7天1个疗程,治疗1~3个疗程后观察临床疗效及血尿酸变化情况.结果:总有效率为93.3%.结论:自拟痛风汤治疗痛风疗效显著.%Objective: To observe therapeutic effects of modified self-made TongFengTang in treating primary gout. Method: Self-made TongFengTang, modified based on syndrome differentiation and treatment, was used to treat 30 cases of gout, one dose per day, one course of treatment was seven days, curative effects and changes of blood uric acid were observed after one to three courses of treatment. Result: Total effective rate was 93.3%. Conclusion: Self-made TongFengTang shows significant effects in treating gout.

  11. 《文苑英华》判文中所见唐代官吏失职犯罪%The official duty- neglect crime in The Acs Records of the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小明

    2011-01-01

    Government officials are an important participant in national administration and management activities. Of- ricers perform their duties according to law is an important foundation of the establishment of the national legal system. The Tang Dynasty law punishes officials' duty fault ; their violation of law and regulation, their corruption through misuse of law and other crimes, involving varieus aspects, which constructs a strict and effective regulation of the officials. This paper mainly discusses the Acs Records of the Tang Dynasty , is a reflection of the Tang Dynasty officers crime.%官吏是国家政务活动的重要参与者及管理活动的主要实施者。官吏依法履行职务是国家法制确立的重要基础。唐代法律惩治官吏职守有阙、违制违纪以及贪赃枉法等犯罪,涉及到方方面面,对各级官吏形成了严密而有效的法律约束。文章拟主要探讨《文苑英华》中所收唐代判文所反映的唐代官吏犯罪。

  12. 唐代首位宗陶诗人王绩评略%The Slight Judgment for Wang Ji, the First Poet with Zongtao Style in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪志明

    2012-01-01

    Wang Ji, who is Wang Bo's grandfather's brother and one of the four celebrates in the early Tang dynasty, was ignored for long time by the researchers when they were researching and criticizing the Tao Yuanming's works. According to his poetries, researchers found out that Wang's descendants took Tao's style as their example. He asserted that they like Tao Yuanming, and was drinking with Tao. And they imitate Tao's ac- tions step by step. His literal real emotion and his honest words are in accord with Tao's poetic style. He con- tributed to pastoral poetic style a lot by his poetic higher - leveled state and vivid twenty words with four - lined five -charactered poem. Especially, he reflected the pastoral life by five -charactered poem. The person who could achieve this is Wang Ji who was the first person of Tang dynasty. He made a bridge for Tao Yuanming, Wang Wei, and Meng Haoran. That point should be drawn more attention when we criticize the poems of pasto- ral style in Tang dynasty.%长期以来,研究家在对唐代祖述陶渊明诗作之辈的评析中,忽略了一位极不应忽略的人物。他就是初唐四杰之一王勃的从祖王绩。从其创作的诗文看,王氏乃将陶渊明引为同调,并将其作为效法榜样。他不独明言“尝爱陶渊明”,更以“渊明对酒,非礼义能拘”自况,并亦步亦趋地仿效陶渊明的诸种之为。其诗作,情感之真挚,语言之质朴,与陶渊明“真率自然”之风显系一脉相承。他将陶诗的意境,生动表现于五绝的寥寥二十字之中,对田园诗发展做出了贡献。特别是用五律反映田园生活,王绩更属唐代第一人。他以自己的创作,架起了从陶渊明到王维、孟浩然间的一座桥梁,今后在评述唐代山水田园诗时,对此应予以足够注意。

  13. The prevalence, prevention and treatment of cattle epidemic during the Han-Tang Period%汉唐时期牛疫的流行与防治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩毅

    2013-01-01

    About 21 times of cattle epidemic with rather strong infectivity happened during the Han-Tang Period,including 6 in the Eastern Han Dynasty,2 in the Jin Dynasty,4 in the Southern and Northern Dynasties,8 in the Tang Dynasty and 1 in the Five Dynasty.Most of them were spread along the Yellow River and the northern region of the Huai River.The type of cattle epidemic included the acute cattle plague,cattle bovine mange,cattle yellow fever and cattle rotten hoof disease,etc.Its occurrence and prevalence brought a serious influentce on the society of the Han and Tang Dynasties,causing massive mortality of farm cattle,and then the shortage of animal power,and threatening the agriculture,which drew the attention of the governments,physicians,agriculturists,astrologists and Taoists.The medical measures and economic measures were adopted for the prevention and treatment of cattle epidemic.Especially,prescriptions in the books of medicine and agriculture exerted positive effects on the containment of cattle epidemic.On the other hand,its prevalence and the mass mortality of farm cattle,in a way,promoted,to certain extent,the improvement of the government's function of relief,the updating of the methods of agriculture and the creation of new farm tools,and being regarded as a main cause for the technological innovation of agriculture.%汉唐时期约发生了21次传染性较强的牛疫,其中东汉时期6次,两晋时期2次,南北朝时期4次,唐代8次,五代1次,大多分布在黄河流域和淮河以北地区.牛疫种类主要有急性牛疫、牛疥癣病、牛黄热病和牛漏蹄病等.牛疫的发生和流行对汉唐社会产生了严重影响,不仅引起耕牛的大量死亡,而且造成畜力短缺,威胁到农业生产的正常进行,从而引起历代政府、医学家、农学家、星占学家、道家等不同社会阶层的关注和重视.防治牛疫的措施主要有医学措施和经济措施两方面,尤其是医学本草、方书、农书等类著

  14. WenShenTang for 80 Cases of Early Diabetic Nephropathy%温肾汤治疗早期糖尿病肾病80例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学琦; 李丰华; 张荣华; 俞登虎

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察温肾汤治疗早期糖尿病肾病(DN)的临床疗效。方法:80例早期DN患者在采用糖尿病教育、调节控制饮食、适当运动、药物控制血糖的基础上给予温肾汤,1剂/d,水煎分2次口服。4周为1疗程,连续治疗2个疗程后观察患者尿微量蛋白/肌酐(MA/Cr)、血β2微球蛋白(β2-MG)、尿β2-MG、尿α1微球蛋白(α1-MG)、血肌酐(SCr)、血浆纤维蛋白(FIB)、血脂[总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)]变化情况。结果:治疗后MA/Cr、血β2-MG、尿β2-MG、尿α1-MG、血SCr、血FIB均有减少(P<0.05),TC、TG、LDL-C、HDL-C明显改善(P<0.05)。结论:温肾汤能有效延缓早期DN的进展,减少尿蛋白,显著改善血脂。%Objective:To observe clinical effects of WenShenTang in treating early diabetic nephropathy (DN). Method:All 80 patients took WenShenTang on the foundation of diabetes education, diet regulation, proper exercise and blood glucose controlling through drugs, one dose per day, water decocted and taking twice. Four weeks were one course of treatment, and the changes of microalbuminuria/creatinine (MA/Cr), blood β2 microglobulin (β2-MG), urinaryβ2 microglobulin (β2-MG), urinary α1 microglobulin (α1-MG), serum creatinine (SCr), plasma fibrinogen (FIB), total cholesterol (TC), glycerin trilaurate (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were observed after two consecutive courses of treatment. Result: After treating, MA/Cr, bloodβ2-MG, urinaryβ2-MG, urinaryα1-MG, SCr and FIB were decreased (P<0.05), TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C were improved obviously (P<0.05). Conclusion:WenShenTang could effectively delay the development of early DN, reduce proteinuria and remarkably improve blood lipid.

  15. 唐君毅的道德理性与文化自觉%Tang Junyi’ s Moral Rationality and Cultural Consciousness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金小方

    2015-01-01

    Cultural Consciousness is to study the sources and characteristics of national culture as well as its history and direction of development .Being the main representative of modern Neo-Confucianism , Tang Ju-nyi has a distinct cultural consciousness which is known as “fruit wandering” sadness and is reflected in his research and practice , mainly in three aspects .The first is to analyze the development process of Chinese philosophy focusing on issues and concepts .The second is to reconstruct Chinese moral metaphysics , reveal the characteristics of Chinese culture based on the Confucian Mind doctrine .The third is to point out the de-velopment direction of Chinese culture and the construction of three-pole standing on Chinese culture .Tang Junyi ’ s theories are the important theoretical resources for current cultural transformation and development in China .%文化自觉是对民族文化的来源、发展历程、所具特色和发展方向的认识与研究。唐君毅作为现代新儒家的主要代表人物,有鲜明的文化自觉意识,其文化自觉意识不仅表现为“花果飘零”的悲情,更体现为笃实的研究实践,其研究成果体现在三方面:一是以问题和概念为中心分析了中国哲学的发展历程;二是以儒家的心性之学为基础重建了中国的道德形上学,揭示了中国文化的特质;三是立足中国文化本原指出了中国文化三极并建的发展方向。唐君毅的相关理论为当下中国的文化转型与发展提供了重要的理论资源。

  16. The Homesickness of Cui Brothers’Poems On Early Tang Dynasty%论初唐崔湜兄弟诗歌中的思乡情怀

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云

    2016-01-01

    崔氏曾是历史上的一个显赫士族,初唐时的崔湜、崔液、崔澄三兄弟皆有文才,以文翰居要官。兄弟三人性情不同,人生命运也不同。崔湜热衷于功名利禄,早年在政治漩涡中获得成功,最终以失败告终,一生辉煌而又短暂。崔液诗人气质最为突出,因崔湜失败而被贬。崔澄为人谨慎理智,深得玄宗信任,终身富贵。虽然他们早年离家,长期生活在异乡,但在他们游历、为官以及被贬黜时作的诗歌当中,都有着对故乡的深切思念,表现出浓厚的流浪意识。这些诗歌真挚而动人,在初唐诗坛颇具特色。%Cui’s was a prominent aristocratic family in history. In the early Tang Dynasty Cui Shi, Cui Ye and Cui Cheng three brothers all had literary talent to ranking officials. They had different personality and different life. Cui Shi was keen on high official positions and riches. Early years he succeeded in the political whirlpool, but failured at the last.His life was brilliant but short. Cui Ye was a poet of genius and banished because of Cui Shi’s failure. Cui Cheng was careful mind, which to get the emperor’s trust and wealth lifelong. They left hometown early and lived outside longly. In their travels, official and disgraced poetries, there were missing of hometown Dingzhou deeply and showing strong sense of wandering. These poems were sincere and touching, which was distinctive in the Tang Dynasty poetry.

  17. Comparation on Li Han women's rights of Sui and Tang dynasties%隋唐时期汉黎女性权利之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关丹丹

    2011-01-01

    By the laws of Sui and Tang dynasties,especially the "Tang Code" reflects the characteristics of traditional Chinese legal culture.Three from the four virtues of the patriarchal family culture in a subordinate position of women in the Han made by changing the identity of the corresponding legal rights;The same period,traditional marriage in Li under customary law,Li women's rights in marriage and family despite the changes,but compared with the Han Chinese women,but have more freedom,and women have been in the high Li and was respected position.Han Li women's rights,although very different,but in the promotion of social harmony and development,but the same thing,transferring the rights of women through this path to achieve,which is perhaps the inevitable law of harmonious development of society.%隋唐时期的律条尤其是《唐律疏议》体现了中国传统法律文化的特征。在三从四德的宗法家族文化中,处于从属地位的汉族女性通过身份的变换取得了相应的法律权利;同时期,在黎族传统婚姻习惯法的作用下,黎族女性在婚姻家庭中的权利虽有所变化,但与汉族女性相比却拥有较多的自由的权利,且黎族女性一直是处于崇高并被人尊重的地位。汉黎女性权利虽有着很大的不同,但在促进社会和谐发展方面却殊途同归,都是通过女性让渡权利这条路径来实现,这也许正是社会和谐发展的必然规律。

  18. Study on Perfect Fusion of the Tang Poetry and Modern Music%唐代诗歌与现代音乐的融合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓霞

    2014-01-01

    Tang Dynasty was a powerful and prosperous dynasty in the Chinese history.At that time, due to the rulers’advocate and guidance,music not only played a more important role in society,but also gave the poets unique artistic temperament and life attitude.Meanwhile,the state of aesthetic j udgment needed by poetic creation obtained relevant promotion.Therefore,the increasing popularity of exquisite and excellent poems drove greatly the development of music.The creation of modern music takes ancient and modern languages,musical differences,and various forms of emotional expression into consideration.In this respect,the perfect fusion of the Tang poems and modern music becomes a specific phenomenon in the con-temporary pop music.%唐代是中国历史上文化发达且国力强盛的一个朝代,当时统治者对于音乐的崇尚以及时尚的引领使得音乐在当时的地位比较重要,赋予了唐代诗人独特的艺术气质及生活态度,诗歌创作所需的审美境界也得到了相应的提升,因此,创造出很多精美优秀的诗歌,诗歌的不断盛行又在很大程度上推动了音乐的发展。现代音乐在创作中考虑到古今语言、音乐的差异及情感表现方式的不同,取其意境,用其意向,使之与现代音乐结合起来,成为当代流行歌坛上一道特殊的景观。

  19. Modern revelation of social security system in Tang Dynasty%唐代社会保障体系的现代启示∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁骄阳

    2014-01-01

    Although Tang Dynasty was in a period of great prosperity of feudal society in China, the life of ordinary people was still tough. Once natural calamities and man-made mischief occurred, the poor and the poverty-stricken, the hungry and the sleepless, the sick and the disabled, the old and the weak, etc. had become the serious social problem. How to reduce the factors of instability existed in society and realize the everlasting political order has been an issue of social governance that the ancient and modern rulers must face. Based on the experience of predecessors, under the background of feudal hierarchy, the Tang Dynasty established the multi-subject, multi-layered, but low-level social security system, which was led by government and included family, clan, rural organizations, guild, and other social autonomous organizations and civil entities, etc. To research the legal history of it may have the reference role of the establishment and improvement of current social security system.%唐代虽是我国封建社会的鼎盛时期,但因其生产力水平较低下,普通民众的生活仍较艰难,一旦出现天灾人祸,贫寒、饥困、病残、老弱等就成为严重的社会问题。如何消减社会中存在的不稳定因素,实现长治久安的统治秩序,是古今统治者所必须直面的社会治理问题。在吸取前人经验的基础上,以封建等级制度为背景,唐代建立了以封建政府为主导,包含家庭、家族、乡里村社及行会等其他社会自治组织和民间行为的多主体、多层次、水平较低的社会保障体系。对其进行法律史学研究,或能对当下社会保障制度的建立与完善起到借鉴作用。

  20. 消痹汤对寻常型银屑病患者血清TGF-β1的影响%Elimination of Xiao Bi Tang Decoction on TGF-β1 of Patients with Psoriasis Vulgaris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾敏; 夏桂林; 贺爱娟

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To observe the conduct of Xiao Bi Tang decoction group patients with psoriasis vulgaris (blood-heat and wind-dry-ness pattern in Traditional Chinese Medicine) before and after treatment of serum,TGF-β1 (transforming growth factor-β1)levels and to explore the side of the TGF-β1 and the intervention of the Treatment of psoriasis vulgaris may be the mechanism or target. Methods:40 cases were selected randomly as the main object of observation,respectively. 20 cases in control group were treated with acitretin capsules. 20 cases in treatment group were treated with Xiao Bi Tang decoction, before and after treatment at about 8 : 00 fasting venous blood 4 mL,serum TGF-β1 then observe changes. Results:Xiao Bi Tang decoction group after treatment of serum TGF-β1 levels were significantly higher than before treatment. Conclusion;" Xiao Bi Tang" can significant increase TGF-β1 levels of patients with psoriasis vulgaris. Xiao Bi Tang is more effective than acitretin capsules in treating patients with psorasis vulgaris.%目的:研究消痹汤对寻常型银屑病患者血清TGF-β1的影响,探讨该方对TGF-β1干预作用和治疗寻常型银屑病可能的机制或靶点.方法:临床选择银屑病患者40例,随机分为治疗组20例和对照组20例.治疗组内服消痹汤;对照组内服阿维A胶囊.分别于治疗前后早晨8时左右空腹静脉取血4 mL,测定血清TGF-β1水平,观察其变化.结果:消痹汤治疗前后患者血清TGF-β1比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:消痹汤可明显升高银屑病患者血清TGF-β1水平,从而取得更好的临床疗效.

  1. 闻一多对唐诗的民族文化特色的认识%Wen Yiduo’s Perception of the National Cultural Features of Tang Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段战戈

    2015-01-01

    Among all the researchers of Tang poetry ,Wen Yiduo is the one who not only utilized western academic methods and cultural ideas ,but also laid great emphasis on exploring the national cultural features of Tang poetry . Based on his studies ,Wen concluded the national cultural features as :“the poetic Tang” ,the consistency of the poetic style and the poet’s personality ,poetry’s contribution to readers’ temperament ,regulated verses being the best style that embodies the features of Chinese poetry .There’s a cause and effect link between his perception of the national cultural features of Tang poetry and his nationalistic standpoint .His studies on Tang poetry also shed great light on our present-day Tang poetry studies :We should ,on the one hand ,actively accept and absorb the outstanding research product of other nations ,and ,on the other hand ,establish an academic research system of national characters based on our national culture .%在现代唐诗研究大家中,闻一多是一位既注重借鉴西方的学术方法和文化观念,又注重挖掘唐诗的民族文化特征的学者。通过研究,闻一多提出“诗唐”、诗人人格与诗的风格统一、诗具有怡情养性功能、律诗是最能体现中国诗歌特点的诗歌体裁等唐诗的民族文化特征。闻一多对唐诗民族文化特征的认识与其思想上的民族主义文化立场有因果关系。他的唐诗研究也给予我们当代的唐诗研究以深刻的启示:我们既要勇于接受和积极吸收其他民族优秀的研究成果和方法,又要立足于本民族文化的根基,建立具有民族特色的学术研究体系。

  2. 茵陈蒿汤加味配合西药治疗犬传染性肝炎的试验研究%The treatment of canine infectious hepatitis using Yinchenhao Tang Oriental Wormwood Decoction with western medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温伟; 张加力; 樊扬

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To compare the effects of three methods in the treatment of infectious ca-nine hepatitis., In order to improve the cure rate of infectious canine hepatitis. Methods: the pet hospital diagnosed as infectious canine hepatitis disease in 60 dogs, the dogs were randomly divided into 4 groups, respectively by means of Yinchenhao Tang Oriental Wormwood Decoction with western medicine, with Yinchenhao Tang Oriental Wormwood Decoction, alone in the treatment of West-ern medicine, and control group.Results: Yinchenhao Tang Oriental Wormwood Decoction with western medicine group, the cure rate was 86.67%; Yinchenhao Tang Oriental Wormwood Decoction group, the cure rate was 73.33%; the western medicine group, the cure rate was 66.67%; control group, the cure rate was 0.Conclusion: Yinchenhao Tang Oriental Wormwood Decoction is higher than the other two methods with the efficacy of Western medicine in the treatment of infectious canine hepatitis, provides a feasible method for the clinical treatment of the disease.%为了观察3种治疗方法治疗犬传染性肝炎的疗效并进行对比,选出较好的治疗方案,以提高犬传染性肝炎的治愈率。本研究选宠物医院确诊为犬传染性肝炎的病犬60只,将患犬随机分4组,分别采用茵陈篙汤加味配合西药、单用茵陈篙汤加味、单用西药的治疗方法,并设对照组。结果显示,茵陈篙汤加味配合西药组的治愈率86.67%;茵陈篙汤加味组治愈率73.33%;西药组治愈率66.67%;对照组治愈率为0。试验表明,采用茵陈篙汤加味配合西药治疗犬传染性肝炎的疗效高于其他两种方法,为临床治疗该病提供了确实可行的治疗方法。

  3. Effect of Wenwei Huashi Tang on acute diarrhea and gastric empty in mice%温胃化湿汤对小鼠急性腹泻及胃排空作用的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨正腾

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察温胃化湿汤对番泻叶所致的腹泻模型作用及胃排空作用的影响,探讨其作用机制.方法 采用番泻叶煎剂致小鼠腹泻模型,连续4d观察温胃化湿汤给药后3h内的腹泻指数,并观察小鼠小肠墨汁推进率;采用甲基橙为标志物,观察温胃化湿汤对新斯的明致小鼠胃排空亢进的影响.结果 温胃化湿汤各组均能明显降低小鼠腹泻指数,减慢小鼠小肠推进速度,与模型组比较有显著性差异(P<0.05),与香连丸组比较,高、中剂量组有显著性差异(P<0.05);溘温化湿汤各组能增加新斯的明致胃排空亢进小鼠的胃残留率,与模型组比较有显著性差异(P<0.05),与香连丸组比较,高、中剂量组有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论 温胃化湿汤对小鼠腹泻和胃排空亢进有较好的防治作用,其作用优于香连丸.%Objective To observe the effect of Wenwei Huashi Tang on diarrhea induced by sennae folium and gastric empty in mice and investigate the mechanism. Methods The acute diarrhea models were induced by giving senna decoction, and then Wenwei Huashi Tang and positive control drug were fed for 3 h to compare the diarrhea index. We observed the diarrhea index, and the advance rate of ink in the small intestine of the mice for 4 d. Gastric residual rate of methyl orange method was used for gastric emptying in mice pretreated with neostigmine. Results Compared with the model group, each dosage group of Wenwei Huashi Tang significantly decreased the diarrhea index and slowed down the advance rate of ink in the small intestine in the mice (P <0. 05). Compared with Xianglian Wan group, the high- and middle-dose Wenwei Huashi Tang groups significantly decreased the diarrhea index in the mice (P <0. 05). Compared with the model group, each dosage group of Wenwei Huashi Tang significantly increased the gastric residual rate in the gastrointestinal hyperfunctional model of hyperactivity (P <0. 05). Compared with

  4. Inhibitory Effects of Chung Hun Wha Dam Tang (CHWDT) on High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity via AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Activation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uddin, Md Jamal; Joe, Yeonsoo; Zheng, Min; Kim, Sena; Lee, Hoyoung; Kwon, Tae-Oh; Chung, Hun Taeg

    2012-01-01

    The Chung Hun Wha Dam Tang (CHWDT) herbal combination was reported to cease dizziness and phlegm. However, the effect of CHWDT in obesity has not yet been known mechanically. Therefore, we investigated whether this CHWDT could protect the cells from lipogenesis, gluconeogenesis, and inflammation in both in vivo and in vitro. CHWDT significantly decreased body weight, epididymal and perirenal fat content without affecting feed intake in high-fat diet-induced obese mice model. Additionally, CHWDT inhibited obesity-induced SREBP1, FAS, PGC1α, G6Pase, PEPCK and increased CPT1, ACO, and LCAD genes expression in vivo and in vitro. Proinflammatory cytokines like TNF-α and iNOS expression were reduced by CHWDT in both Raw264.7 macrophages and HepG2 cells. In addition, NO production was also significantly decreased by CHWDT in LPS-stimulated macrophages. Furthermore, AMPKα activation by CHWDT was involved in inhibition of obesity by reducing triglycerides production and increasing CPT1 expression. Based on all of the results, we suggest that CHWDT has inhibitory effects on obesity-induced lipogenesis, gluconeogenesis, and inflammation via AMPKα activation.

  5. Inhibitory Effects of Chung Hun Wha Dam Tang (CHWDT on High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity via AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Activation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Jamal Uddin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Chung Hun Wha Dam Tang (CHWDT herbal combination was reported to cease dizziness and phlegm. However, the effect of CHWDT in obesity has not yet been known mechanically. Therefore, we investigated whether this CHWDT could protect the cells from lipogenesis, gluconeogenesis, and inflammation in both in vivo and in vitro. CHWDT significantly decreased body weight, epididymal and perirenal fat content without affecting feed intake in high-fat diet-induced obese mice model. Additionally, CHWDT inhibited obesity-induced SREBP1, FAS, PGC1α, G6Pase, PEPCK and increased CPT1, ACO, and LCAD genes expression in vivo and in vitro. Proinflammatory cytokines like TNF-α and iNOS expression were reduced by CHWDT in both Raw264.7 macrophages and HepG2 cells. In addition, NO production was also significantly decreased by CHWDT in LPS-stimulated macrophages. Furthermore, AMPKα activation by CHWDT was involved in inhibition of obesity by reducing triglycerides production and increasing CPT1 expression. Based on all of the results, we suggest that CHWDT has inhibitory effects on obesity-induced lipogenesis, gluconeogenesis, and inflammation via AMPKα activation.

  6. Analysis of the Personification of God in Peasant Mental View in Tang Dynasty%唐代农民心目中神的人格化探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙立家

    2012-01-01

    Personification of god is a very outstanding phenomenon in peasant's belief in Tang Dynasty.What peasant respects and sacrifices to the gods or the spirits of the dead person,ghosts are mostly changed from ordinary persons in the world,they are honest and upright officials mostly in the past dynasties,having people's body shape,people's individuality.The peasant carries out myth on the honest and upright officials,adoring sacrifices to and hoping that the honest and upright officials who become deities can benefit to themselves,so a kind of a utilitarian view of religion is formed.%神的人格化是唐代农民信仰中一个十分突出的现象,农民所崇祀人鬼神大多是世间凡人转变而成,它们大都是历代的清官循吏,具有人的身形、人的个性。农民对清官进行神话,加以崇拜祭祀,希望成为神灵的清官循吏能够惠泽于其身,由此形成了一种十分敬畏又有所需索的功利性宗教信仰观。

  7. Identification of Multiple Ingredients for a Traditional Chinese Medicine Preparation (Bu-yang-huan-wu-tang by Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Tandem Mass Spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tung-Hu Tsai

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Bu-yang-huan-wu-tang (BYHWT is a popular Traditional Chinese Medicine formula consisting of seven herbal medicines (Astragalus membranaceus, Angelica sinensis, Paeonia lactiflora, Ligusticum chuanxiong, Carthamus tinctorius, Amygdalus persica and Pheretima aspergillum, that has been used in China for centuries to overcome stroke-induced disability. To ensure the consistency of quality, a reliable analytical method is required, therefore, we developed a liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS method for quantitative analysis of the major constituents in BYHWT. The herbal ingredients consisting of the cycloartane-type triterpene glycosides of astragaloside I, astragaloside II and astragaloside IV; isoflavones of formononetin, ononin calycosin, calycosin-7-O-β-d-glucoside; ligustilide and paeoniflorin were separated on a C18 column with gradient elution of methanol/10 mM ammonium acetate buffer–formic acid (100:0.1, v/v. This study was performed by a mass spectrometer using electrospray ionization (ESI with positive ionization ions monitored in the multiple reaction-monitoring (MRM mode. The linearity, accuracy, precision, limit of detection (LOD and lower limit of quantification (LLOQ were validated for this quantification method, and the sensitivity, reliability and reproducibility were all confirmed. The experiments provided a good method for analyzing BYHWT extracts. This study also quantitated the active components in various brands of commercially available products. The results indicated that the pharmaceutical industrial products of BYHWT exhibited considerable variation in their contents of the herbal compounds.

  8. About Book Collecting of Eastern Zhejiang in the Sui and Tang Dynasties%隋唐五代时期的浙东藏书

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯晓霞

    2014-01-01

    隋唐五代时期,浙东地区的社会经济得到实质性开发,因而推动了文化事业发展,与此相应浙东藏书的事业也在前人基础上进入一个新阶段。这突出表现在浙东众多士人任职朝廷秘书省,参与国家的图书整理和编纂;浙东私人藏书的丰富以及佛教寺院藏书的兴盛。%During the Sui and Tang dynasties, East Zhejiang witnessed a substantial social and economic development, which promoted the development of cultural undertakings. As a result, book collecting entered a new stage. Many scholars of East Zhejiang had posts of book collecting in the court;East Zhejiang had a prosperous time in book collectiing by individuals and temples.

  9. Involvement of the Cerebral Monoamine Neurotransmitters System in Antidepressant-Like Effects of a Chinese Herbal Decoction, Baihe Dihuang Tang, in Mice Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng-Li Chen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Baihe Dihuang Tang (BDT is a renowned Chinese herbal formula which is commonly used for treating patients with mental instability, absentmindedness, insomnia, deficient dysphoria, and other psychological diseases. These major symptoms closely associated with the depressive disorders. BDT was widely popular use for treating emotion-thought disorders for many years in China. In the present study, the antidepressant-like effect of BDT in mice was investigated by using the forced swim test (FST and the tail suspension test (TST. The underlying mechanism was explored by determining the effect of BDT on the level of cerebral monoamine neurotransmitters. BDT (9 and 18 g/kg, p.o. for 14 days administration significantly reduced the immobility time in both the FST and the TST without changing locomotion in the open field-test (OFT. Moreover, BDT treatment at the dose of 18 g/kg inhibited reserpine-induced ptosis. Meanwhile, BDT enhanced 5-HT and NA levels in mouse cerebrum as well as decreased the ratio of 5-HT compared to its metabolite, 5-HIAA, (turnover, 5-HIAA/5-HT after TST. The results demonstrated that the antidepressant-like effect of BDT is mediated, at least partially, via the central monoaminergic neurotransmitter system.

  10. U-Bang-Haequi Tang: A Herbal Prescription that Prevents Acute Inflammation through Inhibition of NF-κB-Mediated Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Hwangbo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Since antiquity, medical herbs have been prescribed for both treatment and preventative purposes. Herbal formulas are used to reduce toxicity as well as increase efficacy in traditional Korean medicine. U-bang-haequi tang (UBT is a herbal prescription containing Arctii fructus and Forsythia suspensa as its main components and has treated many human diseases in traditional Korean medicine. This research investigated the effects of UBT against an acute phase of inflammation. For this, we measured induction of nitric oxide (NO and related proteins in macrophage cell line stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS. Further, paw swelling was measured in carrageenan-treated rats. Carrageenan significantly induced activation of inflammatory cells and increases in paw volume, whereas oral administration of 0.3 or 1 g/kg/day of UBT inhibited the acute inflammatory response. In RAW264.7 cells, UBT inhibited mRNA and protein expression levels of iNOS. UBT treatment also blocked elevation of NO production, nuclear translocation of NF-κB, phosphorylation of Iκ-Bα induced by LPS. Moreover, UBT treatment significantly blocked the phosphorylation of p38 and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases by LPS. In conclusion, UBT prevented both acute inflammation in rats as well as LPS-induced NO and iNOS gene expression through inhibition of NF-κB in RAW264.7 cells.

  11. A Systems Biology-Based Investigation into the Pharmacological Mechanisms of Sheng-ma-bie-jia-tang Acting on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus by Multi-Level Data Integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Lin; Lv, Qi; Liu, Fenfen; Shi, Tieliu; Wen, Chengping

    2015-11-12

    Sheng-ma-bie-jia-tang (SMBJT) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) formula that is widely used for the treatment of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) in China. However, molecular mechanism behind this formula remains unknown. Here, we systematically analyzed targets of the ingredients in SMBJT to evaluate its potential molecular mechanism. First, we collected 1,267 targets from our previously published database, the Traditional Chinese Medicine Integrated Database (TCMID). Next, we conducted gene ontology and pathway enrichment analyses for these targets and determined that they were enriched in metabolism (amino acids, fatty acids, etc.) and signaling pathways (chemokines, Toll-like receptors, adipocytokines, etc.). 96 targets, which are known SLE disease proteins, were identified as essential targets and the rest 1,171 targets were defined as common targets of this formula. The essential targets directly interacted with SLE disease proteins. Besides, some common targets also had essential connections to both key targets and SLE disease proteins in enriched signaling pathway, e.g. toll-like receptor signaling pathway. We also found distinct function of essential and common targets in immune system processes. This multi-level approach to deciphering the underlying mechanism of SMBJT treatment of SLE details a new perspective that will further our understanding of TCM formulas.

  12. Quasi-MSn identification of flavanone 7-glycoside isomers in Da Chengqi Tang by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Zunjian

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Da Chengqi Tang (DCT is a common purgative formula in Chinese medicine. Flavanones are its major active compounds derived from Fructus Aurantii Immaturus. The present study developed an LC-MS/MS method to characterize two pairs of flavanone 7-glycoside isomers, i.e., hesperidin versus neohesperidin and naringin versus isonaringin. Methods After solid phase purification, components in sample were separated on a Agilent zorbax SB-C18 (5 μm, 250 mm × 4.6 mm analytical column. ESI-MS and quasi-MSn were performed in negative ion mode to obtain structural data of these two pairs of flavanone 7-glycoside isomers. Moreover, UV absorption was measured. Results There was no intra-pairs difference in the UV-Vis and MS/MS spectra of the two pairs of 7-glycoside isomers, whereas the mass spectrometry fragmentation pathways between pairs were different. Conclusion The present study developed a LC-MS/MS method to explore the inter- and intra-pair difference of two pairs of flavanone 7-glycoside isomers.

  13. HPLC Fingerprint with Multi-components Analysis for Quality Consistency Evaluation of Traditional Chinese Medicine Si-Mo-Tang Oral Liquid Preparation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YI Yue-neng; CHENG Xue-mei; LIU Ling-an; HU Gao-yun; CAI Guang-xian; DENG Yi-de; HUANG Ke-long; WANG Chang-hong

    2011-01-01

    Si-Mo-Tang(SMT) oral liquid preparation,a traditional Chinese medicine,was prepared from four crude herbal drugs,Fructus Aurantii Submaturus,Radix Aucklandiae,Semen Arecae and Radix Linderae Aggregatae.A combinative method using HPLC fingerprint and quantitative analysis was developed and validated for quality consistency evaluation of SMT.Individual HPLC chromatograms were evaluated against the mean chromatogram generated via a similarity evaluation computer program.Data from chromatographic fingerprints were also processed with principal component analysis(PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA).Additionally,six components (naringin,isonaringin,hesperidin,neohesperidin,norisoboldine and potassium sorbate) in SMT were simultaneously determined to interpret the quality consistency.For fingerprint analysis,20 peaks were selected as the characteristic peaks to evaluate the similarities of 26 SMT collected from different manufacturers.Among the 20 characteristic peaks,10 peaks were assigned to be naringin,hesperidin,neohesperidin,isonaringin,neoeriocitrin,tangeretin,nobiletin,norisoboldine,5-(ethoxymethyl)furan-2-carbaldehyde and potassium sorbate,respectively.The results of similarity analysis,PCA and HCA,indicate that the samples from different manufacturers were consistent with each other in composition.The results from the quantitative data show that the contents of six compounds were significantly different in SMT oral liquid preparations from different manufacturers.The combinative method of chromatographic fingerprint with quantitative analysis developed here offered an efficient way for the quality consistency evaluation of the traditional Chinese medicine SMT.

  14. Comparing the effects of kamikihito in Japan and kami-guibi-tang in Korea on memory enhancement: working towards the development of a global study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watari, Hidetoshi; Shigyo, Michiko; Tanabe, Norio; Tohda, Michihisa; Cho, Ki-Ho; Kyung, Park Su; Jung, Woo Sang; Shimada, Yutaka; Shibahara, Naotoshi; Kuboyama, Tomoharu; Tohda, Chihiro

    2015-03-01

    Traditional medicine is widely used in East Asia, and studies that demonstrate its usefulness have recently become more common. However, formulation-based studies are not globally understood because these studies are country-specific. There are many types of formulations that have been introduced to Japan and Korea from China. Establishing whether a same-origin formulation has equivalent effects in other countries is important for the development of studies that span multiple countries. The present study compared the effects of same-origin traditional medicine used in Japan and Korea in an in vivo experiment. We prepared drugs that had the same origin and the same components. The drugs are called kamikihito (KKT) in Japan and kami-guibi-tang (KGT) in Korea. KKT (500 mg extract/kg/day) and KGT (500 mg extract/kg/day) were administered to ddY mice, and object recognition and location memory tests were performed. KKT and KGT administration yielded equivalent normal memory enhancement effects. 3D-HPLC showed similar, but not identical, patterns of the detected compounds between KKT and KGT. This comparative research approach enables future global clinical studies of traditional medicine to be conducted through the use of the formulations prescribed in each country. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Involvement of MAPKs and PLC Pathways in Modulation of Pacemaking Activity by So-Cheong-Ryong-Tang in Interstitial Cells of Cajal from Murine Small Intestine

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    Min Woo Hwang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs are the pacemaker cells that generate slow waves in the gastrointestinal (GI tract. We have aimed to investigate the effects of Socheongryong-Tang (SCRT in ICCs from mouse’s small intestine. Methods. The whole-cell patch-clamp configuration was used to record membrane potentials from cultured ICCs. Intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i increase was studied in cultured ICCs using fura-2 AM. Results. ICCs generated pacemaker potentials in mouse’s small intestine. SCRT produced membrane depolarization in current clamp mode. Y25130 (5-HT3 receptor antagonist and RS39604 (5-HT4 receptor antagonist blocked SCRT-induced membrane depolarizations, whereas SB269970 (5-HT7 receptor antagonist did not. When GDP-β-S (1 mM was in the pipette solution, SCRT did not induce the membrane depolarizations. [Ca2+]i analysis showed that SCRT increased [Ca2+]i. In the presence of PD98059 (p42/44 MAPK inhibitor, SCRT did not produce membrane depolarizations. In addition, SB203580 (p38 MAPK inhibitor and JNK inhibitors blocked the depolarizations by SCRT in pacemaker potentials. Furthermore, the membrane depolarizations by SCRT were not inhibited by U-73122, an active phospholipase C (PLC inhibitor, but by U-73343, an inactive PLC inhibitor. Conclusion. These results suggest that SCRT might affect GI motility by the modulation of pacemaker activity through MAPKs and PLC pathways in the ICCs.

  16. The Aesthetic Art of Women Allegory Poems of Tang and Song Dynasties%唐宋女性讽谕诗的审美艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒红霞; 牛荣晋

    2012-01-01

    The women allegory poems of Tang and Song Dynasties had their own aesthetic style of balancing hardness with softness, with simple, natural and dignified melancholy. Their artistic expression pattern was often to contrast the present with the past, use the scenes to express their emotion, and probe ancient stories and satirize current affairs. In lyrical ways, the poets preferred to using indirect mood such as hypothesis, rhetorical question and so on with vague, uncertain and indecisive expressions, presenting that those lyrical subjects were frequent in a dilemma that they wanted to express them and to repress them in feudal society.%唐宋女性讽谕诗具有刚柔并济、真朴自然、忧郁凝重的审美风格。艺术表现手法有今昔对比,托物言志和以古讽今。抒情方式采用假设、反问等间接性语气,言说方式含糊不定、优柔寡断,呈现了抒情主体在封建社会既要表达自我又在压抑自我的矛盾处境。

  17. On Yuan Lun’s Life Story in Tang Dynasty%唐代朔州状元苑论事迹考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜成辉

    2013-01-01

    Yuans of Mayi county is a famous literary family in Tang Dynasty, among which Yuan Lun is the Champion of imperial examination in 793 A.D.. However, due to the lack of material, people know little about his life story. Newly unearthed literature in recent years can uncover his family background, official career and many mysteries, meanwhile to see his literary style.%唐代马邑(今山西朔州)苑氏为有名的文学世家,其中苑论为唐德宗贞元九年(793年)进士科状元。由于资料缺乏,人们对其生平事迹知之甚少。近年新出土的一些文献资料,可以为我们揭开其家庭及仕宦生涯的诸多谜团,并一睹其文学风采。

  18. Effect of Liangxue Huoxue Xiaoyin Tang on Serum Levels of TNF-α,IFN-γ and IL-6 in Psoriasis of Blood-Heat Type

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    To explore the effect of Liangxue Huoxue Xiaoyin Tang (LHXT 凉血活血消银汤 Decoction of Removing Heat from the Blood and Promoting Blood Flow to Eliminate Psoriasis) on serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon (IFN-γ) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in psoriasis of blood-heat type. Blood samples from both the treatment group (N=33) and control group (N=30) were taken before and after treatment, and the serum levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-6 were determined by radio-immunoassay and ELISA. The total effective rate achieved in the treatment group was 90.91%. The remarkably high serum levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-6 in patients before treatment (P<0.01) were obviously decreased after one course of treatment (P<0.05) and were close to those of healthy subjects after two course of treatment (P>0.05). The data demonstrate that LHXT has the actions of reducing serum levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-6 in psoriasis of blood-heat type, and may exert a pharmacological effect targeting at the cytokines.

  19. Functions of Danggui Buxue Tang, a Chinese Herbal Decoction Containing Astragali Radix and Angelicae Sinensis Radix, in Uterus and Liver are Both Estrogen Receptor-Dependent and -Independent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Zierau

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT, a herbal decoction containing Astragali Radix (AR and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR, has been used in treating menopausal irregularity in women for more than 800 years in China. Pharmacological results showed that DBT exhibited significant estrogenic properties in vitro, which therefore suggested that DBT could activate the nuclear estrogen receptors. Here, we assessed the estrogenic properties of DBT in an ovariectomized in vivo rat model: DBT was applied to the ovariectomized rats for 3 days. The application of DBT did not alter the weight of uterus and liver, as well as the transcript expression of the proliferation markers including the estrogen receptors α and β. However, DBT stimulated the transcript expression of the estrogen responsive genes. In addition, the inductive role of DBT on the expression of members of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor family in uterus and liver of ovariectomized rats was confirmed. These responses of DBT however were clearly distinct from the response pattern detectable here for 17β-estradiol. Therefore, DBT exhibited weak, but significant, estrogenic properties in vivo; however, some of its activities were independent of the estrogen receptor. Thus, DBT could be an exciting Chinese herbal decoction for an alternative treatment of hormone replacement therapy for women in menopause without subsequent estrogenic side effects.

  20. Serum metabonomics study of anti-depressive effect of Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang on rat model of chronic unpredictable mild stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Zhili; Yang, Jie; Huang, Yue; Zhang, Kuo; Bo, Yunhai; Lu, Xiumei; Su, Guangyue; Ma, Jie; Yang, Jingyu; Zhao, Longshan; Wu, Chunfu

    2016-09-01

    Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang (XCHT) has been proven to be effective for the clinical treatment of depression. However, the mechanisms of definite antidepressant-like effects and detailed metabolic biomarkers were still unclear in this prior study. Here, we have investigated the metabolic profiles and potential biomarkers in a chronic unpredictable mild stress model after treatment with XCHT. Metabonomics based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry was used to profile the metabolic fingerprints of serum obtained from a rat model with chronic unpredictable mild stress with and without XCHT treatment. The model rats showed a significant decrease in sucrose preference and food consumption, and these depression-like symptoms were significantly improved by XCHT. Through principal component analysis (PCA), nine potential biomarkers of tryptophan, uric acid, phenylalanine, cholic acid and lysophosphatidylcholine (C18:0 LPC, C16:0 LPC, C16:1 LPC, C18:1 LPC, C20:4 LPC) were characterized as potential biomarkers involved the pathogenesis of depression. The therapeutic effect of XCHT on depression may involve in amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism, oxidative stress and inflammation response. The present investigation highlights that metabonomics is a valuable tool for studying the essence of depression as well as evaluating the efficacy of the corresponding drug treatment.

  1. 中国唐代及以前斋戒素食的发展%The Development of Fasting Vegetarian in and Before the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡培培

    2015-01-01

    在中国古代 ,斋戒的类型不止一种 ,仅从大的方面来说就包括国家斋戒、佛教斋戒和道教斋戒 ,他们之间最初的饮食规定并不相同 ,在演变过程中却有一个相似的趋向 ,即素食的逐渐适用和广泛.在某一程度上来说 ,中国古代素食的发展就是伴随着斋戒的变化逐渐普及的 ,并在唐代达到一个高峰.%In ancient China , there were several kinds of fasting , including countries fasting , Buddhism fasting and Taoism fasting . The initial diet among them is not the same , but in the evolutionary process it has a similar trend , namely vegetarian is applied gradually and widely . In a certain extent , the development of ancient Chinese vegetarian is accompanied by the growing popularity of the fast changes and reaches a peak in the Tang Dynasty .

  2. Antidiabetic Effect of Tibetan Medicine Tang-Kang-Fu-San on High-Fat Diet and Streptozotocin-Induced Type 2 Diabetic Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bailu Duan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the antidiabetic effects of a Tibetan medicine, Tang-Kang-Fu-San (TKFS, on experimental type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM rats and to explore its underlying mechanisms. Firstly two major chemical compositions of TKFS, gallic acid and curcumin, were characterized by HPLC fingerprint analysis. Next T2DM in rats was induced by high-fat diet and a low-dose streptozotocin (STZ 35 mg/kg. Then oral gavage administration of three different doses of TKFS (0.3 g/kg, 0.6 g/kg, and 1.2 g/kg was given to T2DM rats. Experimental results showed that TKFS dramatically reduced the levels of fasting blood glucose, fasting blood insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol, even though it did not alter the animal body weight. The downregulation of phosphorylation-AKT (p-AKT and glucose transporter-4 (GLUT4 in skeletal muscle of T2DM rats was restored and abnormal pathological changes in pancreas tissues were also improved. Our work showed that TKFS could alleviate diabetic syndromes, maintain the glucose homeostasis, and protect against insulin resistance in T2DM rats, and the improvement of AKT phosphorylation and GLUT4 translocation in skeletal muscle would be one of its possible underlying mechanisms.

  3. Optimization of high pressure machine decocting process for Dachengqi Tang using HPLC fingerprints combined with the Box–Behnken experimental design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui-Fang Xie

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Using Dachengqi Tang (DCQT as a model, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC fingerprints were applied to optimize machine extracting process with the Box–Behnken experimental design. HPLC fingerprints were carried out to investigate the chemical ingredients of DCQT; synthetic weighing method based on analytic hierarchy process (AHP and criteria importance through intercriteria correlation (CRITIC was performed to calculate synthetic scores of fingerprints; using the mark ingredients contents and synthetic scores as indicators, the Box–Behnken design was carried out to optimize the process parameters of machine decocting process under high pressure for DCQT. Results of optimal process showed that the herb materials were soaked for 45 min and extracted with 9 folds volume of water in the decocting machine under the temperature of 140 °C till the pressure arrived at 0.25 MPa; then hot decoction was excreted to soak Dahuang and Mangxiao for 5 min. Finally, obtained solutions were mixed, filtrated and packed. It concluded that HPLC fingerprints combined with the Box–Behnken experimental design could be used to optimize extracting process of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM.

  4. Ma Huang Tang ameliorates asthma though modulation of Th1/Th2 cytokines and inhibition of Th17 cells in ovalbumin-sensitized mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Chun-Hua; Ma, Zhan-Qiang; Fu, Qiang; Ma, Shi-Ping

    2014-05-01

    Ma Huang Tang (Ephedra decoction, MHT) is a famous classical formula from Shang Han Lun by Zhang Zhongjing in the Han Dynasty. The anti-asthmatic effects of MHT and the possible mechanisms were tested. An asthma model was established by ovalbumin (OVA)-induction in mice. A total of forty-eight mice were randomly assigned to six experimental groups: control, model, dexamethasone (2 mg·kg(-1)) and MHT (5, 10, and 20 mg·kg(-1)). Airway resistance (Raw) was measured by the forced oscillation technique, histological studies were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, Th1/Th2 and Th17 cytokines were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Th17 cells were evaluated by flow cytometry (FCM). This study demonstrated that MHT inhibited OVA-induced increases in Raw and eosinophil count; interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-17 levels were recovered in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, increased IFN-γ level in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Histological studies demonstrated that MHT substantially inhibited OVA-induced eosinophilia in lung tissue. Flow cytometry studies demonstrated that MHT substantially inhibited Th17 cells. These findings suggest that MHT may effectively ameliorate the progression of asthma, and could be further investigated for potential use as a therapy for patients with allergic asthma. Copyright © 2014 China Pharmaceutical University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Analysis of Immigration Development in Leizhou Peninsula Since Tang and Song Dynasties%唐宋以来移民开发雷州半岛探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘正刚

    2015-01-01

    中原移民进入雷州半岛可能始于秦汉时期;唐宋时以闽浙为主体的濒海移民迁入雷州半岛数量之大、分布之广,可从“闽音”在雷州长期流行得到印证。这些濒海移民进入雷州半岛后,继续从事海洋性开发,使雷州经济发展始终呈海洋性特色,移民与土著经过长期互动到清末已逐渐融为一体。%There had been immigrants moved from the central part of China to Leizhou peninsula since Qin and Han dynasty.In the Tang and Song dynasties,The main body of these coastal immigrants moved into the Leizhou Peninsula are almost originally from Fujian and Zhejiang.Based on the 〞Fujian sound〞long popular in Leizhou Peninsula,We can know it's large number and widely distributed.These coastal migration continued to engage in the marine development,and made the economic development of Leizhou always being of ocean features.Immigrants and natives to the end of the Qing dynasty after the long-term interaction has gradually come into one group with same local characteristics.

  6. Ma Huang Tang Suppresses the Production and Expression of Inflammatory Chemokines via Downregulating STAT1 Phosphorylation in HaCaT Keratinocytes

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    Hye-Sun Lim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ma huang tang (MHT is a traditional herbal medicine comprising six medicinal herbs and is used to treat influenza-like illness. However, the effects of MHT on inflammatory skin diseases have not been verified scientifically. We investigated determining the inhibitory effects of MHT against inflammation responses in skin using HaCaT human keratinocyte cells. We found that MHT suppressed production of thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC/CCL17, macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC/CCL22, regulated on activation of normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES/CCL5, and interleukin-8 (IL-8 in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α and interferon-γ- (IFN-γ- stimulated HaCaT cells. Consistently, MHT suppressed the mRNA expression of TARC, MDC, RANTES, and IL-8 in TNF-α and IFN-γ-stimulated cells. Additionally, MHT inhibited TNF-α and IFN-γ-stimulated signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1 phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner and nuclear translocation in HaCaT cells. Our finding indicates that MHT inhibits production and expression of inflammatory chemokines in the stimulated keratinocytes by downregulating STAT1 phosphorylation, suggesting that MHT may be a possible therapeutic agent for inflammatory skin diseases.

  7. A Chinese Herbal Decoction, Danggui Buxue Tang, Stimulates Proliferation, Differentiation and Gene Expression of Cultured Osteosarcoma Cells: Genomic Approach to Reveal Specific Gene Activation

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    Roy C. Y. Choi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT, a Chinese herbal decoction used to treat ailments in women, contains Radix Astragali (Huangqi; RA and Radix Angelicae Sinensis (Danggui; RAS. When DBT was applied onto cultured MG-63 cells, an increase of cell proliferation and differentiation of MG-63 cell were revealed: both of these effects were significantly higher in DBT than RA or RAS extract. To search for the biological markers that are specifically regulated by DBT, DNA microarray was used to reveal the gene expression profiling of DBT in MG-63 cells as compared to that of RA- or RAS-treated cells. Amongst 883 DBT-regulated genes, 403 of them are specifically regulated by DBT treatment, including CCL-2, CCL-7, CCL-8, and galectin-9. The signaling cascade of this DBT-regulated gene expression was also elucidated in cultured MG-63 cells. The current results reveal the potential usage of this herbal decoction in treating osteoporosis and suggest the uniqueness of Chinese herbal decoction that requires a well-defined formulation. The DBT-regulated genes in the culture could serve as biological responsive markers for quality assurance of the herbal preparation.

  8. Effects of Danggui Buxue Tang, a traditional Chinese herbal decoction, on high glucose-induced proliferation and expression of extracellular matrix proteins in glomerular mesangial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ke, Hao-Liang; Zhang, Ying-Wen; Zhou, Bi-Fa; Zhen, Rui-Tang

    2012-01-01

    Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage failure of the kidney, but the efficacy of currently available strategies for the prevention of DN remains unsatisfactory. In this study, we investigated the effects of Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), a Chinese herbal decoction prepared from Radix Astragali (RA) and Radix Angelicae sinensis (RAS), on high glucose-induced proliferation and expression of laminin, type IV collagen (collagen IV) and fibronectin in glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs). The cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay, and the expression of collagen IV, laminin and fibronectin in GMCs was detected by ELISA assay. It was shown that high glucose clearly induced the proliferation of GMCs and increased the release of collagen IV, laminin and fibronectin. Treatment with RA, RAS and DBT inhibited cell proliferation and the expression of collagen IV, laminin and fibronectin induced by high glucose, with DBT, especially at the highest concentration (DBT20), exhibiting a stronger effect than RA and RAS alone. Thus, it is concluded that DBT inhibits increased cell proliferation and the expression of major extracellular matrix proteins that are induced by high glucose, indicating its value for prophylaxis and therapy of DN at the early stages.

  9. Daesiho-Tang Is an Effective Herbal Formulation in Attenuation of Obesity in Mice through Alteration of Gene Expression and Modulation of Intestinal Microbiota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Ahtesham; Yadav, Mukesh Kumar; Bose, Shambhunath; Wang, Jing-Hua; Lim, Dongwoo; Song, Yun-Kyung; Ko, Seong-Gyu; Kim, Hojun

    2016-01-01

    Obesity has become a major global health challenge due to its increasing prevalence, and the associated health risk. It is the main cause of various metabolic diseases including diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke and certain forms of cancer. In the present study we evaluated the anti-obesity property of Daesiho-tang (DSHT), an herbal medicine, using high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice as a model. Our results showed that DSHT ameliorated body weight gain, decreased total body fat, regulated expression of leptin and adiponectin genes of adipose tissue and exerted an anti-diabetic effect by attenuating fasting glucose level and serum insulin level in HFD-fed animals. In addition, DSHT-treatment significantly reduced total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG) and increased high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL), glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) levels in serum and reduced deposition of fat droplets in liver. DSHT treatment resulted in significantly increased relative abundance of bacteria including Bacteroidetes, Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes ratio, Akkermansia Bifidobacterium., Lactobacillus, and decreased the level of Firmicutes. Using RT2 profiler PCR array, 39 (46%) genes were found to be differentially expressed in HFD-fed mice compared to normal control. However, normal gene expressions were restored in 36 (92%) genes of HFD-fed mice, when co-exposed to DSHT. The results of this study demonstrated that DSHT is an effective herbal formulation in attenuation of obesity in HFD-fed mice through alteration of gene expressions and modulation of intestinal microbiota.

  10. Fufang Cangzhu Tang for Treatment of Senile Obesity or Overweight Complicated with Impaired Glucose Tolerance--A Clinical Observation in 32 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of Fufang Cangzhu Tang (复方苍术汤 Composite Atractylodes Decoction) on senile obesity or overweight with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).Methods: 32 cases of senile obesity or overweight with IGT were treated with Composite Atractylodes Decoction, with another 30 cases treated with dimethyldiguanide as the controls. Changes of body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist hip circumference ratio (WHR), glucose tolerance, fast serum insulin and blood lipid before and after treatment were compared. Results: After treatment, the body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference and WHR, glucose tolerance, fast serum insulin and blood lipid in the Composite Atractylodes Decoction treatment group decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01), with no significant difference as compared with the control group (P>0.05). Conclusion: Composite Atractylodes Decoction can obviously decrease the body weight,waist circumference, hip circumference, WHR, glucose tolerance, fast serum insulin and blood lipid in the senile patients with obesity or overweight with impaired glucose tolerance.

  11. 唐代中期壁画的衍变与发展%The Evolution and Development of the Murals in Mid-Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史旻

    2016-01-01

    唐代壁画艺术处于中国绘画艺术史上繁荣发展的时期,它融会了古今技法,汲取了东西方艺术的精华,开拓了壁画艺术多元的天地。本文分别从现存的石窟壁画、寺观壁画、墓室壁画解读唐代中期壁画风格及技巧的衍变与发展,以期感受其美学思想,汲取其绘画技法,从而为创作服务。%Mural art holds an important status in the history of Chinese painting. It combines ancient and mod-ern painting techniques, draws the essence of the art of the East and the West, and openes up a diverse world for mural art. Based on the existing grotto murals, temple murals and tomb murals, this article elaborates the evolution and development of the style and skill of the murals in Mid-Tang Dynasty for the purpose of admiring its aesthetic thought, learning its painting techniques and working for artistic creation.

  12. 《万叶集》防人歌与唐代边塞诗%"Wan ye ji" prevent song and frontier fortress poem of Tang dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田寨耕

    2015-01-01

    《万叶集》是日本最早的诗歌集,防人歌是日本的边塞诗。本文对《万叶集》防人歌和唐代边塞诗进行了对比和分析,发现二者在创作时间和内容上有相似之处,但在内容广度、体裁风格、创作者和重要性等方面也存在诸多不同。%"Wan ye ji" is Japan's first poetry collection, prevent song is the glorious age of Japan. In this paper, the "Wan ye ji" prevent song and in the glorious age of tang dynasty were compared and analyzed, and finds both in time and the content is similar, but in the content breadth, genre, style, there are also many different creators and importance, etc.

  13. Optimization of the extraction process for the seven bioactive compounds in Yukmijihwang-tang, an herbal formula, using response surface methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jung-Hoon; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo; Seo, Chang-Seob

    2014-01-01

    Background: Yukmijihwang-tang (YJT) contains multiple bioactive compounds. Heat-reflux extraction was employed and optimized for the extraction of the bioactive compounds in YJT. Objective: The determination of optimal conditions with maximum yields of bioactive compounds, gallic acid, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, morroniside, loganin, paeoniflorin, benzoic acid and paeonol, in YJT. Materials and Methods: The extraction ratio (ratio of water to herbal formula), extraction time and extraction number were set as individual values and the yields of the seven compounds were the response values that were optimized with a Box–Behnken design. Results: The optimal conditions obtained from response surface methodology (RSM) were 1:11.99 for the extraction ratio, 94.53 min for the extraction time and 2.21 for the extraction number. Under the optimal conditions, the response value of the experiment closely agreed with the predicted response value. Conclusions: The result suggests that RSM is successfully applied for optimizing the extraction of the marker compounds in YJT. PMID:25298681

  14. A comprehensive platform for quality control of botanical drugs (PhytomicsQC: a case study of Huangqin Tang (HQT and PHY906

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tilton Robert

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Establishing botanical extracts as globally-accepted polychemical medicines and a new paradigm for disease treatment, requires the development of high-level quality control metrics. Based on comprehensive chemical and biological fingerprints correlated with pharmacology, we propose a general approach called PhytomicsQC to botanical quality control. Methods Incorporating the state-of-the-art analytical methodologies, PhytomicsQC was employed in this study and included the use of liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS for chemical characterization and chemical fingerprinting, differential cellular gene expression for bioresponse fingerprinting and animal pharmacology for in vivo validation. A statistical pattern comparison method, Phytomics Similarity Index (PSI, based on intensities and intensity ratios, was used to determine the similarity of the chemical and bioresponse fingerprints among different manufactured batches. Results Eighteen batch samples of Huangqin Tang (HQT and its pharmaceutical grade version (PHY906 were analyzed using the PhytomicsQC platform analysis. Comparative analysis of the batch samples with a clinically tested standardized batch obtained values of PSI similarity between 0.67 and 0.99. Conclusion With rigorous quality control using analytically sensitive and comprehensive chemical and biological fingerprinting, botanical formulations manufactured under standardized manufacturing protocols can produce highly consistent batches of products.

  15. Relationship between climate change and wars between nomadic and farming groups from the Western Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Su

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In ancient China, the change in regional agriculture and animal husbandry productivity caused by climate change led to either wars or peaceful relations between nomadic and farming groups. From the Western Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty there were 367 wars between the two groups. The nomadic people initiated 69 % of the wars, but 62.4 % were won by the farmers. On a 30 year-period timescale, warm climates corresponded to a high incidence of wars. The conflicts between the nomadic and farming groups took place in some areas which are sensitive to climate change. During the cold periods, the battlefields were mostly in the southern regions. The main causes which leading to the above results are following: (1 warm climate provided a solid material foundation for nomadic and farming groups, especially contributed to improve the productivity of nomadic group; meanwhile, the excessive desire for essential means of subsistence in nomadic group could led to wars. (2 During the cold periods, people of farming group moved to the south and construct the south, meanwhile, nomadic group occupied the central plains, thus the battlefields also changed. As the background, climate change plays an indirect role in wars between groups.

  16. Relationship between climate change and wars between nomadic and farming groups from the Western Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty period

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Y.; Liu, L.; Fang, X. Q.; Ma, Y. N.

    2015-07-01

    In ancient China, the change in regional agriculture and animal husbandry productivity caused by climate change led to either wars or peaceful relations between nomadic and farming groups. From the Western Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty there were 367 wars between the two groups. The nomadic people initiated 69 % of the wars, but 62.4 % were won by the farmers. On a 30 year-period timescale, warm climates corresponded to a high incidence of wars. The conflicts between the nomadic and farming groups took place in some areas which are sensitive to climate change. During the cold periods, the battlefields were mostly in the southern regions. The main causes which leading to the above results are following: (1) warm climate provided a solid material foundation for nomadic and farming groups, especially contributed to improve the productivity of nomadic group; meanwhile, the excessive desire for essential means of subsistence in nomadic group could led to wars. (2) During the cold periods, people of farming group moved to the south and construct the south, meanwhile, nomadic group occupied the central plains, thus the battlefields also changed. As the background, climate change plays an indirect role in wars between groups.

  17. The relationship between climate change and wars waged between nomadic and farming groups from the Western Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty period

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Y.; Liu, L.; Fang, X. Q.; Ma, Y. N.

    2016-01-01

    In ancient China, shifts in regional productivity of agriculture and animal husbandry, caused by climate change, either led to wars or peaceful relations between nomadic and farming groups. During the period spanning the Western Han Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty, 367 wars were waged between these groups. While 69 % of the wars were initiated by nomads, 62.4 % were won by the farming groups. On a centennial timescale, the battlegrounds were mostly in northern areas (at an average latitude of 38.92° N) during warm periods, moving southward (at an average latitude of 34.66° N) during cold periods. On a decadal timescale, warm climates corresponded to a high incidence of wars (a correlation coefficient of 0.293). While farming groups were inclined to initiate wars during dry and cold periods, their chances of achieving victory were reduced at such times. The main reasons for this are, first, that a warm climate provided a solid material foundation for nomadic and farming groups, contributing especially to enhanced productivity among the former. However, the overriding desire of nomadic groups to expand essential subsistence means led to wars. Second, during cold periods, farming groups moved to and settled in the south, while nomadic groups occupied the Central Plain. Thus, the locations of the battlefields also changed. While other factors also influenced these wars, climate change served as a backdrop, playing an indirect role in wars between these groups.

  18. Simultaneous determination of five marker compounds in Xuanfu Daizhe Tang by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection for quality control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kunming Qin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Xuanfu Daizhe Tang (XDT is a classical traditional Chinese medicinal prescription that has been widely used for treating digestive system illnesses for hundreds of years. Materials and Methods: In this study, a simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD method was established for the simultaneous determination of five marker compounds in XDT including chlorogenic acid, glycyrrhizic acid, ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Rb1 and ginsenoside Re, for quality control of this well-known traditional Chinese medicine (TCM. Results: These compounds were separated in less than 130 min using a YMC C18 column with a gradient elution system of acetonitrile and 0.1% phosphoric acid water solution at a flow rate of 1 ml/min. All calibration curves of standard components showed good linearity with R 2 >0.9991. Limit of detection and limit of quantification varied from 0.11 to 4.3 μg/ml and 0.20 to 11.6 μg/ml, respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSDs of the intra-day and inter-day experiments were less than 4.72 and 5.48%, respectively. The accuracy of recovery test ranged from 95.0 to 105.0% with RSD values 1.28- 4.32%. Conclusion: The validated method is simple, reliable, and successfully applied to determine the contents of the selected compounds in XDT for quality control.

  19. High-throughput screening of inhibitory effects of Bo-yang-hwan-o-tang on human cytochrome P450 isoforms in vitro using UPLC/MS/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Miran; Park, Jeonghyeon; Lim, Mi-sun; Seong, Sook Jin; Lee, Joomi; Seo, Jeong Ju; Park, Yong-Ki; Lee, Hae Won; Yoon, Young-Ran

    2012-01-01

    Bo-yang-hwan-o-tang (BHT) is an oriental herbal medicine for treating brain disorders such as cerebral ischemia. The objective of this study was to develop an economically feasible and time-saving high-throughput screening method to monitor the potential inhibitory effects of BHT on human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in vitro. Two cocktail sets were used for incubation of human liver microsomes: Cocktail A: 6 probe substrates for CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2C8, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4; Cocktail B: 3 for CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2E1. The concentrations of the substrate metabolites were simultaneously analyzed using UPLC/MS/MS. The BHT extract had almost negligible inhibitory effects on the nine human CYP isoforms tested, with the half-maximal inhibitory concentration value ranged from 3624.99 to 45412.44 μg/ml. The results suggest that BHT extract has no inhibitory effects on CYP isoforms within the clinically recommended dosage range. We conclude that BHT might be free of drug-herb interactions when co-administered with other medicines. However, more in vivo human studies are needed to confirm these results. The high-throughput screening method can be a useful tool for drug discovery and for understanding drug interactions.

  20. Traditional medicine yanggyuksanhwa-tang inhibits adipogenesis and suppresses proliferator-activated receptor gamma expression in 3T3-L1 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soo-Jin Jeong

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Yanggyuksanhwa-tang (YGSHT is a specific traditional Korean herbal formula for Soyangin according to Sasang constitutional philosophy. Although its biological activities against inflammation and cerebral infarction have been reporting, there is no information about the adipogenic activity of YGSHT. In the present study, we investigated the anti adipogenic activity of YGSHT to evaluate effects of YGSHT on adipogenesis in vitro. Materials and Methods: Using 3T3 L1 preadipocytes, we induced the cellular differentiation into adipocytes by adding insulin. Anti adipogenic activity of YGSHT was measured by oil red O staining, triglyceride assay, glycerol 3 phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH activity test, and leptin assay. Results: YGSHT extract had no significant cytotoxicity in preadipocytes or differentiated adipocytes. YGSHT reduced the number of lipid droplets and content of triglyceride in adipose cells. YGSHT also significantly inhibited GPDH activity and decreased leptin production compared with control adipocytes. Down regulation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPAR g expression at the messenger RNA level was observed in YGSHT treated adipocytes. Conclusion: Taken together, our data suggest that YGSHT has potential as an anti-obesity drug candidate.

  1. Traditional Herbal Formula Banhasasim-tang Exerts Anti-Inflammatory Effects in RAW 264.7 Macrophages and HaCaT Keratinocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seong Eun Jin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Banhasasim-tang (BHSST is a Korean traditional herbal formula comprising eight medicinal herbs. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of BHSST using macrophage and keratinocyte cell lines. First, we evaluated the effects of BHSST on inflammatory mediator and cytokine production in lipopolysaccharide- (LPS- stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. BHSST markedly inhibited the production of nitric oxide (NO, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2, and interleukin- (IL- 6. BHSST significantly suppressed the protein expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4 and phosphorylated nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB p65 in RAW 264.7 cells. Second, we examined whether BHSST influences the production of chemokines and STAT1 phosphorylation in tumor necrosis factor-α/interferon-γ TI-stimulated HaCaT keratinocytes. BHSST significantly suppressed the production of RANTES/CCL5, TARC/CCL17, MDC/CCL22, and IL-8 in TI-stimulated HaCaT cells. BHSST also suppressed TI-induced phosphorylation of STAT1 in HaCaT cells. These results suggest that BHSST may be useful as an anti-inflammatory agent, especially for inflammatory skin diseases.

  2. 隋唐宁夏粟特人与丝绸之路%Ningxia Sogdian in Sui and Tang Dynasties and Silk Road

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛正昌

    2015-01-01

    丝绸之路的延伸与繁荣,不仅推进了东西方文化的交流与融合,中亚的民族也沿着丝绸之路来到中国.生活在中亚阿姆河与锡尔河流域的昭武九姓——特人就是典型,以善于经商而闻名于世.粟特人沿丝路东进到了宁夏固原定居,为官与经商并举,在古代中西方文化交流史上扮演过重要角色,彰显了隋唐丝路文化的繁荣.上世纪在固原城南中发掘过数座粟特人墓葬,出土过大量具有中亚特色的文物,见证了史姓家族的贵族阶层和官僚身份.宁夏北部灵州,同样有九姓胡人居住,出现过密集的商业集镇.宁夏盐池县窨子梁唐墓的发掘,再现的是中亚康国灵动优美的胡旋舞姿,反映了唐代丝绸之路的兴盛与工匠高超的石刻艺术.%An expanding and prosperous silk road not only facilitated culture exchange and culture mixing between East and West, but also paved a way for various ethnicities of Central Asia moving to China. A typical example of this is Sogdian, one of the Zhaowu jiuxing family or nine Sogdian family clans settled in China, who lived along Amu River and Syr River and was well-renowned for trading. They moved eastward along Silk Road and settled down in Guyuan of Ningxia, where they engaged in both local politics and business. Sogdians had played a curial role in cultural exchange between East and West, demonstrating great prosperity of Silk Road during Sui and Tang dynasties. Abundant Central Asian relics excavated from a couple Sogdian tombs in southern area of Guyuan in the last century witnessed the nobility of Zhaowu jiuxing families. Also, Lingzhou, northern area of Ningxia, where those families once lived in had created a cluster of commercialized towns. In addition, a Liangtang Tomb was discovered in Yanchi county of Ningxia. It reflected Huxuan dance of Kang Country in Central Asia, and the greatness of Silk Road in the Tang dynasty and its exquisite stone carving art.

  3. The Investigation of Buddhist Nunneries in Sui and Tang Dynasty in Chang'an%隋唐长安地区尼寺杂考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭海文; 程悦然; 张雯迪

    2012-01-01

    In Sui and Tang Dynasty period , the development of Buddhism was very prosperous. There were lots of temples and monks in the eaptial city of Chang'an which was known as the Buddhistic kingdom. Among the temples , there are 40 buddhist nunneries. But the historical documents exist some gaps, leaving a lot of controversial topics. Some of issues have had clear conclusions, however, the others are not,such as the discussion about the buddhist nunneries of Fayun, Zijing, Fajie,Chongjing, Longhua, etc. A correct under- standing of these issues are very important for the history of Buddhism study and Research on the historical geography.%隋唐时期,佛教发展极为鼎盛,都城长安名僧汇集、寺庙林立,有"佛都"之称。其间,尼寺共计40座之多,却由于种种原因资料甚简且错漏诸多,许多问题众说纷纭。其中部分寺庙已有定论,然法云尼寺、资敬尼寺、法界尼寺、崇敬尼寺、龙华尼寺的相关问题仍旧不甚明确,然而对于这些问题的正确认识无论在对佛教史或是历史地理研究方面都是十分必要的。

  4. Daesiho-Tang Is an Effective Herbal Formulation in Attenuation of Obesity in Mice through Alteration of Gene Expression and Modulation of Intestinal Microbiota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Ahtesham; Yadav, Mukesh Kumar; Bose, Shambhunath; Wang, Jing-Hua; Lim, Dongwoo; Song, Yun-Kyung; Ko, Seong-Gyu

    2016-01-01

    Background Obesity has become a major global health challenge due to its increasing prevalence, and the associated health risk. It is the main cause of various metabolic diseases including diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke and certain forms of cancer. Methods and Results In the present study we evaluated the anti-obesity property of Daesiho-tang (DSHT), an herbal medicine, using high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice as a model. Our results showed that DSHT ameliorated body weight gain, decreased total body fat, regulated expression of leptin and adiponectin genes of adipose tissue and exerted an anti-diabetic effect by attenuating fasting glucose level and serum insulin level in HFD-fed animals. In addition, DSHT-treatment significantly reduced total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG) and increased high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL), glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) levels in serum and reduced deposition of fat droplets in liver. DSHT treatment resulted in significantly increased relative abundance of bacteria including Bacteroidetes, Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes ratio, Akkermansia Bifidobacterium., Lactobacillus, and decreased the level of Firmicutes. Using RT2 profiler PCR array, 39 (46%) genes were found to be differentially expressed in HFD-fed mice compared to normal control. However, normal gene expressions were restored in 36 (92%) genes of HFD-fed mice, when co-exposed to DSHT. Conclusion/Major Findings The results of this study demonstrated that DSHT is an effective herbal formulation in attenuation of obesity in HFD-fed mice through alteration of gene expressions and modulation of intestinal microbiota. PMID:27812119

  5. 苍雪大和尚《南来堂集》辑佚∗%Poems by Monk Cangxue Not Collected in Nan Lai Tang Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王启元

    2014-01-01

    Cangxue Duche ( 1588-1656 ) composed some of the best poems among monks in the late Ming Dynasty. His poems, however, had long been circulating in hand-written copies until Nan Lai Tang Ji –Collected Poems by Master Cangxue, the best of his collected works edited by Wang Peisun, came in-to being in the era of the Republic of China ( 1912-1949 ) . By reading collected works of the contempora-ry monks of Cangxue, the present author has identified some other poems and essays not included in the a-bove mentioned collection, especially forwards Cangxue wrote for the collected works of other authors. These poems can show that Cangxue, well versed in quite a number of topics and styles, made great contri-butions to the amalgamation between the monks and the laymen.%苍雪读彻之诗为晚明诗僧中之翘楚,但其诗长期以抄本形式流传。民国王培孙先生辑校《苍雪大师南来堂诗集》为苍雪诗歌流传最佳版本。今翻检明清僧传与诗文集,另有零星苍雪之作存世,尤以其为当日僧人诗歌总集与僧传所作序文,可见这位高僧对儒门诸科的谙熟以及本人为僧俗融合所作出的努力。

  6. Aqueous extract of Bai-Hu-Tang, a classical Chinese herb formula, prevents excessive immune response and liver injury induced by LPS in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shidong; Wang, Dongsheng; Wang, Xurong; Li, Shihong; Li, Jingyu; Li, Hongsheng; Yan, Zuoting

    2013-08-26

    Bai-Hu-Tang (BHT) was traditionally used to reduce fever heat and promote generation of body fluids. To investigate the effect and mechanism of BHT in the prevention of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) fever in manners of immune modulation. The model of fever syndrome of Chinese medicine pattern was imitated by LPS injection i.v. in rabbits, and BHT was gavaged. The serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL-6, 10) and immunoglobulin (IgG, IgA, and IgM) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were tested by biochemical methods. Liver tissue damage was detected by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) stain. Subpopulation of T cells was detected by Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter (FACS). Genes expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) in liver tissue were assayed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The results demonstrated that BHT prevented sudden increase of IL-10, TNF-α, ALT and AST, and liver damage induced by LPS. BHT also prevented significant decrease of the percentage of CD(8+) T cells since LPS injection. At the same time, BHT did not affect the gene expression of TLR4 and serum concentration of three immunoglobulins, which were increased by LPS, but made gene expression of LBP higher. The results of this study indicated that BHT played an important role in immunity protection and anti-injury through preventing immunoinflammatory damage by LPS. The achievement thereby scientifically provided mechanism of BHT in the prevention of febrile disease, and supported its traditional use. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis reveals Bai-Hu-Tang enhances phagocytosis and cross-presentation against LPS fever in rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shidong; Wang, Dongsheng; Dong, Shuwei; Yang, Zhiqiang; Yan, Zuoting

    2017-07-31

    Bai-Hu-Tang (BHT), a classical anti-febrile Chinese formula comprising of liquorice, anemarrhena rhizome, gypsum and rice, has been traditionally used to anti-febrile treatment and promote the production of body fluid to relieve thirst. In this paper, we aim to explore anti-febrile mechanism of BHT at protein level through analyzing alteration of differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) both lipopolysaccharide (LPS) fever syndrome and that was treated with BHT in rabbits. Febrile model was induced by LPS injection (i.v.) in rabbits, and BHT (750mg dry extract/kg body weight) was gavaged to another group of LPS fever rabbits. After sacrifice of animals, total protein of liver tissue was isolated, and two-dimensional liquid chromatography (LC) - tandem mass spectrometry (MS) coupled with isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling analysis was employed to quantitatively identify differentially expressed proteins in two group animals, which were compared with control group. Then bioinformatic analysis of DEPs was conducted through hierarchical Clustering, Venn analysis, gene ontology (GO) annotation enrichment, and kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathways enrichment. The results demonstrated there were 63 and 109 DEPs in LPS fever group and BHT-treated group, respectively. Enrichment analysis of GO annotations indicated that BHT mainly regulated expression of some extracellular structural proteins for response to stimulus and stress. KEGG analysis showed that ribosome and phagosome were the most significant pathways. Thereinto, several proteins in phagosome pathway were significantly up-regulated by BHT, including F-actin, coronin, Rac, and major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC I), which work in phagocytosis and cross-presentation CONCLUSION: BHT may contribute to pyrogen clearance by boosting antigenic phagocytosis, degradation, and cross presentation in the liver. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  8. Review of Research into Five Colours Horse in the Poems of the Tang%唐诗中“五花马”研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵士城

    2011-01-01

    唐诗中"五花马"一词的解释,从清代王琦注《李太白集》的《将进酒》一诗中解释开始就存在疑义,但是一直得不出统一的结论。到20世纪80年代学人开始关注,对这个词从渊源上找解释,企图还原它的真相,但是都被后来学者推翻,以致到现在大家都没有权威一致的解释。很多文章只是从词义解释的层面探讨它的含义,很少挖掘它的深层内涵,忽略了史书上记载的唐人在强大国力的自豪感面前,对外来事物的尚奇倾向。%there is doubt what's five colours horse means form wangqi annotate《litaibai collection》in qing ancientry to now,but without consistent conclusion all along.Scholar start to explain five colours horse in origin,attempt to revert its fact in the1980s,but has not gained scholars acceptance.A great many articles only discuss its meanings from acceptation lay,ignore to explore its deeper meanings that hanker rare thing form ab extra in tang ancientry

  9. Development and Validation of an UHPLC-QqQ-MS Technique for Simultaneous Determination of Ten Bioactive Components in Fangji Huangqi Tang.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaoli; Liu, Xiao; Zhu, Tingting; Cai, Baochang

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to develop an ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography method coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry for simultaneous determination of tetrandrine, fangchinoline, atractylenolide I, atractylenolide III, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, glycyrrhizin, liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, and isoliquiritigenin in Fangji Huangqi Tang (FHT). The chromatographic separation was performed on a reversed-C18 column, eluted with a mixture of 0.1% acetic acid and acetonitrile at 0.4 mL/min. The separation of these ten compounds was achieved by linear gradient elution. The method was strictly validated with respect to specificity, precision, accuracy, and repeatability. All the compounds showed good linearities (r ≥ 0.999). The LOQs of the ten components were 0.36, 0.18, 0.09, 0.43, 0.02, 1.89, 0.26, 0.18, 0.61, and 0.48 ng/mL for tetrandrine, fangchinoline, atractylenolide I, atractylenolide III, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, glycyrrhizin, liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, and isoliquiritigenin, respectively. The LODs of the ten components were 0.11, 0.05, 0.03, 0.13, 0.01, 0.57, 0.08, 0.05, 0.18, and 0.14 ng/mL for tetrandrine, fangchinoline, atractylenolide I, atractylenolide III, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, glycyrrhizin, liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, and isoliquiritigenin, respectively. The method was proven to be specific and reliable, which would provide a meaningful basis for the quality control and evaluation of FHT during its clinical application.

  10. Development and Validation of an UHPLC-QqQ-MS Technique for Simultaneous Determination of Ten Bioactive Components in Fangji Huangqi Tang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoli Wang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to develop an ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography method coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry for simultaneous determination of tetrandrine, fangchinoline, atractylenolide I, atractylenolide III, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, glycyrrhizin, liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, and isoliquiritigenin in Fangji Huangqi Tang (FHT. The chromatographic separation was performed on a reversed-C18 column, eluted with a mixture of 0.1% acetic acid and acetonitrile at 0.4 mL/min. The separation of these ten compounds was achieved by linear gradient elution. The method was strictly validated with respect to specificity, precision, accuracy, and repeatability. All the compounds showed good linearities (r≥0.999. The LOQs of the ten components were 0.36, 0.18, 0.09, 0.43, 0.02, 1.89, 0.26, 0.18, 0.61, and 0.48 ng/mL for tetrandrine, fangchinoline, atractylenolide I, atractylenolide III, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, glycyrrhizin, liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, and isoliquiritigenin, respectively. The LODs of the ten components were 0.11, 0.05, 0.03, 0.13, 0.01, 0.57, 0.08, 0.05, 0.18, and 0.14 ng/mL for tetrandrine, fangchinoline, atractylenolide I, atractylenolide III, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, glycyrrhizin, liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, and isoliquiritigenin, respectively. The method was proven to be specific and reliable, which would provide a meaningful basis for the quality control and evaluation of FHT during its clinical application.

  11. 陇山地区早期地理环境的复原研究%A recovery research on the Long Mountains' geographic environment in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永莉

    2011-01-01

    Aim To recover the early geographic environment of the Long Mountain. Methods Field study, history documents analysis and the theories of the humanistic geography were used. Results Peoples's enviroment perception and cultural expression to the Long Mountain in Tang Dynasty were influenced by the objective enviroment, the peoples' subjective mood, the society history, and so on. Conclusion Compared with the central area, the climate and enviroment of the Long Mountain changed slowly, its dividing function wasn't as intense as the people had described.%目的 复原陇山地区早期的地理环境.方法 在野外考察及大量查阅有关资料的基础上,运用比较方法和现代人本主义地理学相关理论进行探讨.结果 早期中原人士对陇山地区的环境感知与文化重构深受区域地理环境与人们的主观情绪、社会背景等主客观因素的影响.结论 唐代陇山及其以西地区的气候、地貌基本呈现为自东向西逐渐恶化的缓慢态势,陇山的地理分界功能并不像唐代中原文人所描述的那样强烈.

  12. Evidence for a Tang-Song Dynasty great earthquake along the Longmen Shan Thrust Belt prior to the 2008 M w 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Aiming; Ren, Zhikun; Jia, Dong; Miyairi, Yosuke

    2010-07-01

    The magnitude ( M w) 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake occurred on 12 May 2008 in the Longmen Shan region of China, the transition zone between the Tibetan Plateau and the Sichuan Basin, resulting in widespread damage throughout central and western China. The steep, high-relief eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau has undergone rapid Cenozoic uplift and denudation accompanied by folding and thrusting, yet no large thrust earthquakes are known prior to the 2008 M w 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake. Field and excavation investigations reveal that a great historical earthquake occurred in the Sichuan region that ruptured a >200-km-long thrust fault within the Longmen Shan Thrust Belt, China, which also triggered the 2008 M w 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake. The average co-seismic slip amount produced by this historical earthquake is estimated to be 2-3 m, comparable with that caused by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Paleoseismic and archaeological evidence and radiocarbon dating results show that the penultimate great earthquake occurred in the Sichuan region during the late Tang-Song Dynasty, between AD 800 and 1000, suggesting a recurrence interval of ~1,000-1,200 years for Wenchuan-magnitude ( M = ~8) earthquakes in the late Holocene within the Longmen Shan Thrust Belt. This finding is in contrast with previous estimates of 2,000-10,000 years for the recurrence interval of large earthquakes within the Longmen Shan Thrust Belt, as obtained from long-term slip rates based on the Global Positioning System and geological data, thereby necessitating substantial modifications to existing seismic-hazard models for the densely populated region at the eastern marginal zone of the Tibetan Plateau.

  13. Simultaneous determination of synephrine, arecoline, and norisoboldine in Chinese patent medicine Si-Mo-Tang oral liquid preparation by strong cation exchange high performance liquid chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Yue-Neng; Cheng, Xue-Mei; Liu, Ling-An; Hu, Gao-Yun; Wang, Zheng-Tao; Deng, Yi-De; Huang, Ke-Long; Cai, Guang-Xian; Wang, Chang-Hong

    2012-07-01

    Chinese patent medicine Si-Mo-Tang oral liquid preparation (SMT) is composed of Aucklandia luppa Decne (Compositae), Citrus aurantium Linn (Rutaceae), Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm (Lauraceae), and Areca catechu Linn (Arecaceae). Studies of SMT have been impeded due to the lack of quality control methods. This study aimed to simultaneously determine three alkaloids including synephrine, arecoline, and norisoboldine in SMT for the first time. A strong cation exchange (SCX) high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed to simultaneously determine synephrine, arecoline, and norisoboldine in SMT, and was compared with ion-pairing chromatography using regular reversed-phase chromatography columns. System suitability parameters of synephrine, arecoline, and norisoboldine using the SCX chromatography column were investigated. Results demonstrated that good separations were achieved on an Agilent SCX (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 µm) column at 35 °C. The mobile phase consisting of methanol-0.2% phosphoric acid was delivered at a constant flow of 1.0 mL min(-1) and the eluent was monitored at 215 nm. The HPLC method showed good linearity for the examined concentration ranges of 2.55-255.0, 1.30-208.0, and 2.06-201.6 µg mL(-1) for synephrine, arecoline, and norisoboldine, respectively. The limits of quantification (S/N = 10) were 2.55, 1.30, and 2.06 µg mL(-1), the limits of detection (S/N = 3) were 1.53, 0.78, and 1.21 µg mL(-1), and average recoveries were 98.99, 95.63 and 99.04%, respectively, for synephrine, arecoline, and norisoboldine. This method has been successfully applied to determine synephrine, arecoline, and norisoboldine in Chinese patent medicine SMT.

  14. San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang Constituents Exert Drug-Drug Interaction of Mutual Reinforcement at Both Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetic Level: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jiasi; Hu, Yingfan; Xiang, Li; Li, Sheng; Yuan, Yi; Chen, Xiaomei; Zhang, Yan; Huang, Wenge; Meng, Xianli; Wang, Ping

    2016-01-01

    Inflammatory disorders underlie varieties of human diseases. San-Huang-Xie-xin-Tang (SHXXT), composed with Rhizoma Rhei (Rheum palmatum L.), Rhizoma Coptidis (Coptis chinensis Franch), and Radix Scutellaria (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi), is a famous formula which has been widely used in the fight against inflammatory abnormalities. Mutual reinforcement is one of the basic theories of traditional Chinese medicine. Here this article reviewed and analyzed the recent research on (1) How the main constituents of SHXXT impact on inflammation-associated signaling pathway molecules. (2) The interaction between the main constituents and efflux pumps or intestinal transporters. The goal of this work was to, (1) Provide evidence to support the theory of mutual reinforcement. (2) Clarify the key targets of SHXXT and suggest which targets need further investigation. (3) Give advice for the clinical use of SHXXT to elevated the absorption of main constituents and eventually promote oral bioavailability. We search literatures in scientific databases with key words of "each main SHXXT constituent," in combination with "each main inflammatory pathway target molecule" or each main intestinal transporter, respectively. We report the effect of five main constituents on target molecules which lies in three main inflammatory signaling pathways, we as well investigate the interaction between constituents and intestinal transporter. We conclude, (1) The synergistic effect of constituents at both levels confirm the mutual reinforcement theory of TCM as it is proven in this work. (2) The effect of main constituents on downstream targets in nuclear need more further investigation. (3) Drug elevating the absorption of rhein, berberine and baicalein can be employed to promote oral bioavailability of SHXXT.

  15. San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang constituents exert drug-drug interaction of mutual reinforcement at both pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetic level: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiasi Wu

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Inflammatory disorders underlie varieties of human diseases. San-huang-xie-xin-tang (SHXXT, composed with Rhizoma Rhei (Rheum palmatum L., Rhizoma Coptidis (Coptis chinensis Franch, and Radix Scutellaria (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, is a famous formula which has been widely used in the fight against inflammatory abnormalities. Mutual reinforcement is one of the basic theories of traditional Chinese medicine. Here this article reviewed and analyzed the recent research on (1 How the main constituents of SHXXT impact on inflammation-associated signaling pathway molecules. (2 The interaction between the main constituents and efflux pumps or intestinal transporters. The goal of this work was to,(1 Provide evidence to support the theory of mutual reinforcement. (2 Clarify the key targets of SHXXT and suggest which targets need further investigation.(3 Give advice for the clinical use of SHXXT to elevated the absorption of main constituents and eventually promote oral bioavailability. We search literatures in scientific databases with key words of ‘each main SHXXT constituent’, in combination with ‘each main inflammatory pathway target molecule’ or each main intestinal transporter, respectively. We report the effect of five main constituents on target molecules which lies in three main inflammatory signaling pathways, we as well investigate the interaction between constituents and intestinal transporter.We conclude,(1The synergistic effect of constituents at both levels confirm the mutual reinforcement theory of TCM as it is proven in this work. (2 The effect of main constituents on downstream targets in nuclear need more further investigation. (3 Drug elevating the absorption of rhein, berberine and baicalein can be employed to promote oral bioavailability of SHXXT.

  16. Inhibition of Neoplastic Transformation and Chemically-Induced Skin Hyperplasia in Mice by Traditional Chinese Medicinal Formula Si-Wu-Tang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Mandy M.; Huang, Kevin M.; Yeung, Steven; Chang, Andy; Zhang, Suhui; Mei, Nan; Parsa, Cyrus; Orlando, Robert; Huang, Ying

    2017-01-01

    Exploring traditional medicines may lead to the development of low-cost and non-toxic cancer preventive agents. Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), comprising the combination of four herbs, Rehmanniae, Angelica, Chuanxiong, and Paeoniae, is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines for women’s diseases. In our previous studies, the antioxidant Nrf2 pathways were strongly induced by SWT in vitro and in vivo. Since Nrf2 activation has been associated with anticarcinogenic effects, the purpose of this study is to evaluate SWT’s activity of cancer prevention. In the Ames test, SWT demonstrated an antimutagenic activity against mutagenicity induced by the chemical carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). In JB6 P+ cells, a non-cancerous murine epidermal model for studying tumor promotion, SWT inhibited epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced neoplastic transformation. The luciferase reporter gene assays demonstrated that SWT suppressed EGF-induced AP-1 and TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation, which are essential factors involved in skin carcinogenesis. In a DMBA-induced skin hyperplasia assay in ‘Sensitivity to Carcinogenesis’ (SENCAR) mice, both topical and oral SWT inhibited DMBA-induced epidermal hyperplasia, expression of the proliferation marker Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and H-ras mutations. These findings demonstrate, for the first time, that SWT prevents tumor promoter and chemical-induced carcinogenesis in vitro and in vivo, partly by inhibiting DNA damage and blocking the activation of AP-1 and NF-κB. PMID:28335476

  17. 唐代诗人对五岭的地理感知与“华夷”之界%Tang Poets’Geographic Perception of the Five Ridges and the Boundary between “Han Nationality and Minorities”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田峰

    2013-01-01

    In the mind of people in the Tang Dynasty,the five ridges were an important geographical and cultural boundary featuring a unique natural and cultural landscape.Tang poets strongly expressed their geographic experience when they crossed the five ridges,with the most dominant feelings being dis-tance,scorching heat and malaria.Moreover,once they crossed the five ridges,they often embraced a nostalgic longing for the north,thus having voiced their feelings of returning homewards in their poems now and then.Meanwhile,as a boundary between “the Han nationality and Minorities”,the five ridges had been employed to mirror Tang poets’perception of the culture of minorities as well as their identity with the Chinese culture.%在唐人心目中,五岭作为一个重要的地理文化分界线,具有独特的自然与文化景观。唐代诗人在越岭之时在诗文中强烈表达着自己对岭南的地理体验,其中最主要的感受就是远、炎热和瘴气。他们过岭之后,心系北方,诗歌中时不时地表达着北归情结。同时,岭又作为“华夷”之界,在唐人的诗歌中反映着他们对蛮夷文化的认知与对华夏文化的认同。

  18. On Reason and Wide Application of Willow Image Used by Poets in Late Tang and Five Dynasties%杨柳意象被晚唐五代词人广泛运用的情况及原因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹荭

    2012-01-01

    Every generation has their own literature, and every generation has their loving Plant image. Poetries in the late - tang and five dynasties, the frequency of willows appeared higher than other plants whether the poet described plants merely or achieved some writing purposes thorough the use of plants description. Why the willows have such strong vitality in the new form of literary style? Bypass the connotation analysis of willow image,this paper analyzed resumptively the actual application of willow image in the late - tang and five dynasties form contrast, analogy and comparison in expression way of the writers' creation. The reason of wide application and present characteristics have been analyzed furtherly in the late- tang and five dynasties.%一代有一代之文学,一代有一代作家创作所衷情的植物意象。在晚唐五代词中,无论是从词人单纯地描写植物还是利用对植物的描写达到某种创作目的来看,杨柳的出现频率都高于其他植物。杨柳何以在这种新兴的文学形式中获取如此强大的生命力?文章绕过前人对杨柳意象内涵的探析,将从创作层面的表现方式中的衬托、类比、对比三方面概括地分析晚唐五代词中杨柳意象的具体应用,并进一步探析杨柳意象在晚唐五代词中广泛运用的原因及其所呈现出来的特点。

  19. Clinical Research of Add Dingchuan Tang in the Treatment of Cough by AIDS Patients%定喘汤治疗艾滋病患者咳嗽的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周超杰; 姜枫

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To observe the clinical research of add dingchuan tang in the treatment of cough by AIDS patients. Methods: 86 ca-ses were divided into treatment group and observation group according to random number table. The control group were given Jizhi syrup orally and the treatment group were given add Dingchuan Tang treatment. Both groups take 7 days as one course of treatment. Results; The effective rate was 92.9% in treatment group and 75. 0% in control group. The curative effect of treatment group was better than control by comparison. The difference has statistically significant ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion; Add Dingchuan Tang in the treatment of cough by AIDS patients has curative effect.%目的:观察定喘汤加味治疗艾滋患者咳嗽的临床疗效.方法:按随机数字表法将86例患者分为治疗组和对照组.对照组口服急支糖浆治疗;治疗组服用中药汤剂定喘汤加味治疗,两组均7d为1疗程.结果:治疗组有效率为92.9%,对照组有效率为75.0%,两组有效率比较,治疗组疗效明显优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:中药汤剂定喘汤加味治疗艾滋患者咳嗽的临床疗效确切.

  20. 西安唐风园林之传统与现代文化元素的运用与研究%A Study of the Traditional and Modern Culture Elements Used in Xi’an Tang Style Garden

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘曼

    2014-01-01

    There is a unique cultural ambience and artistic effect in Xi’an Tang Style Gardens which employ the traditional and modern culture elements with folk culture in its building idea and techniques. Taking a series of Tang Style Gardens in Xi’an for example, such as Datang Furong Garden, Qujiangchi Relics Park, Da Ci’en Temple Relics Park, the paper studies Xi’an Tang Style Gardens which blend the modern cultural features and Xi’an local folk cultural features into the garden making of traditional culture elements, hence a charming landscape combining tradition and modernity.%西安唐风园林在营造理念与手法中运用传统与现代文化元素,并与民俗文化相结合,具有独特的文化气息与艺术效果。唐风园林中传统与现代文化元素的运用,使得唐风园林更具特色与韵味。如大唐芙蓉园、曲江池遗址公园、大慈恩寺遗址公园等一系列唐风园林便充分运用唐风园林的造园手法在传统文化元素的基础上融入现代文化元素和西安本土民俗文化元素,使得传统与现代文化元素相互结合,创造出独特的艺术效果。

  1. Style and weaving technique in a Tang Dynasty silk samite decorated with lion and floral motifs%唐代宝花狮纹锦织物的特点和复制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗群; 吕继熔

    2012-01-01

    As a result of analyzing Tang Dynasty silk samites and restoring the weaving techniques that created them, the opening of Silk Road resulted in the exchange of the commodities, culture and technology between the east and the west that became more and more frequent during the Tang dynasty. The warp -faced compound weave (jin - silk) that was popular from Warring States period to Wei and Jin dynasties was gradually replaced by the weft - faced compound weave ( wei - silk). The motifs of the silk were greatly affected by the Middle and Western Asia. Floral patterns combined with animals suggested a mixture of Chinese and western styles, which was called, historically, " Ling Yang Gong Yang". Weaving technology developed from use of the multi - heddle loom to the drawloom in Tang dynasty. Introduction of the drawloom led to great progress in weaving efficiency and artistic expressiveness in textile motifs.%通过分析唐代宝花狮纹锦各项参数,确定它须由大花偻束综提花机制织,据此复原出这项织造技术.并成功复制出宝花狮纹锦。从而可以推断,随着丝绸之路的畅通,唐代中西方商品、文化、技术交流紧密,大花楼束综提花技术已经开始应用,以此为基础.丝绸品种从以前的经锦过渡剑纬锦,织物图案的艺术表现力得以增强.提花织机的生产效率也得到提高。

  2. On the Landscape of Folk Culture in West Guangdong and Poetry Writing in the Tang and Song Dynasties%唐宋粤西民间文化景观与诗歌创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟乃元

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of cultural landscape in cultural geography,this paper demonstrates the colorful and diverse cultural landscape in West Guangdong during the Tang and Song dynasties,summarizes the diet,dress,customs and other characteristics,and further explores how much influence the landscape of folk culture in West Guangdong has exerted on poetry writing in the Tang and Song dynasties.The landscape of folk culture enriched the life of poets,who toured around West Guangdong and used its elements such as diets,dress,customs and habits as the themes to write many poems with local characteristics.These works not only exhibit artistic value to a great extent but also play a vital role in helping to understand the culture of West Guangdong in the Tang and Song dynasties.%以文化地理学中的文化景观概念为视角,对唐宋时期粤西斑斓多姿的民间文化景观进行观照,归纳其在饮食、服饰、风俗人情等方面的特征,并进一步探讨粤西民间文化景观对于唐宋时期的诗歌创作的影响。民间文化景观丰富了旅寓粤西的诗人的生活内容,诗人以粤西的饮食、服饰、风俗人情等为题材创作了大量具有地方特色的诗歌作品,这些作品不仅具有一定的艺术价值,同时对于了解唐宋时期的粤西地域文化也有认识价值。

  3. On basic attributes, constructing elements and ways of Tang poetry classics%论唐诗经典的基本属性、建构要素及途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏林

    2012-01-01

    Typicality and uncertainty are the basic attributes of Tang poetry classics. Typicality means it represents the maturation of some paradigm, and can be set as an example for the latter creations. Uncertainty means aesthetic trend and value standard can change constantly with time and personnels and it can produce direct effect on the construction of classics. The formation of Tang poetry classics depends on the special founder, by whom it can be accepted by readers. The Tang poetry classics are advocated by the founder by means of anthology, poetry talks, notes and other poetry works, among which anthology is the most important way to construct the classic system.%唐诗经典的基本属性是典范性和不确定性:典范性表现为能够代表某种范式的成熟,为后世创作提供借鉴;不确定性是由于审美思潮与价值标准会随着时代和个人而不断变化,并直接影响经典的建构。唐诗经典的形成主要取决于特殊的发现人,通过发现人而被广大读者所接受的。发现人对唐诗经典的标举是通过诗选、诗话、笔记和其他一些论诗杂著而实现的,其中诗选所建构的经典体系最为系统。

  4. Aesthetic interpretation of electronic games in the Tang Dynasty under the"Internet+"background%“互联网+”背景下电子游戏的唐代美学演绎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张贺婷

    2016-01-01

    唐代美学中国古典美学的一座高峰,在今天仍有着深广的魅力,随着“互联网+”战略的提出,电子游戏进入了繁荣发展的时期,以中国古典美学为参考的游戏作品层出不穷,其中也多以唐代为时代背景。本文将结合近年游戏市场上具有代表性的作品,挖掘游戏设计中的唐代美学传承,总结出电子游戏对古典美学的演绎规律,探索出将古典美学融入互联网+产品中的方法,为今后的互联网+产品完成文学性、艺术性的审美跨越提供参考。%The aesthetics of the Tang Dynasty is a peak in Chinese classical aesthetics, there is stil a profound charm in today, with the advance of"Internet+"strategy, electronic games go into a period of prosperity and development, game works as the reference of China classical aesthetics in an endless stream, which takes the Tang dynasty as background. Combines with representative works based on the gaming market, mining the inheritance of game design of the aesthetics of the Tang Dynasty, and summarizes the rules of electronic games on the interpretation of classical aesthetics, explore the methods of fusing classical aesthetics into the"Internet+"products, to provide a reference for the future"Internet+"products’ literary and artistic aesthetic across.

  5. 三黄汤治疗Ⅲ期压疮的护理及临床观察%Clinical Observation and Care for SanHuangTang in Treating Pressure Sore at Ⅲ Stage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高锦霞; 王巧霞; 曹爱春

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To find out the optimized treatment for pressure sore at III stage through exploring clinical effects of SanHuangTang in treating pressure sore at III stage. Method: All 69 patients were randomized into two groups, 35 cases in the observation group received SanHuangTang for wet use and infrared, 34 cases in the control group were given with gentamicin for wet use and infrared. Result: The observation group was superior to the control group in therapeutic effects in both groups, hospitalization time was shortened(P<0.01), satisfactory rate of patients and their family members was higher than that of the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion: SanHuangTang could obtain satisfactory results for pressure sore at III stage, obviously shorten therapeutic time and alleviated the pain of the patients.%目的:探讨三黄汤对Ⅲ期压疮的疗效,寻找Ⅲ期压疮的优化治疗策略.方法:将69 例Ⅲ期压疮患者随机分成2 组,接受常规护理的同时,观察组35例创面使用三黄汤湿敷后配合红外线照射,对照组34 例创面用庆大霉素湿敷后红外线照射.结果:观察组压疮疗效明显优于对照组,治愈时间短于对照组(P<0.01),患者及家属满意度高于对照组(P<0.05).结论:三黄汤为主治疗Ⅲ期压疮效果满意,可明显缩短治疗时间,减轻患者痛苦.

  6. 中晚唐浙东幕府文职幕僚探述%The Civilian Staff of Military Governors in EastZhejiang at Mid & Late Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翔

    2016-01-01

    肃顺至宪宣时期,浙东文职幕僚在高门背景及科第出身比例上均呈上升趋势,且仕途前景较好。得益于中唐社会变革尤其是藩镇辟署制的推行,浙东才吸引了大量优秀文士入幕。晚唐时期,浙东同受战乱影响,导致来自高门及有科第身份的文职幕僚较少,且仕途平淡。这时出现了以军功入仕的文职幕僚,正是唐末浙东走向军事化的体现。%The proportion of the civilian staff who were of noble origin and have passed the imperial examination in East Zhejiang is on the rising in the period of Su-shun to Xian-xuan of Tang Dynasty. They also enjoy an outstanding political prospect. Due to the reform, especially the implementation of agency system in mid and late Tang Dynasty, East Zhejiang attracted so many excellent scholars. While in the late Tang period when the war reigned, few of the civilian staff have had a prominent family or made it through the imperial examination, and in the meantime their political future is bleak. Then some civilian staff who were accepted on the ground of force turned up, which was an embodiment of military in East Zhejiang province.

  7. 闺门内外话休闲*--以唐代女性日常生活为中心%On the Boudoir and Leisure---Concerning the Daily Leisure Actiivties of Women in the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡辉

    2014-01-01

    唐代女性日常生活中的休闲活动形式多样,可统分为户外休闲和家居休闲两种类型。户外休闲有骑射、玩“鞠”观球与看戏、出行与游赏等;家居休闲有阅读与写作、音乐与弈棋、豢养宠物等。唐代女性的日常休闲活动是唐王朝特定历史条件的产物,是由发达的物质文明、开放的社会风气、渐趋普及的女子教育、较高的女性婚姻地位、多元的社会思想以及多民族文化的交融所共同构筑的,具有浓重、鲜明的时代特质。%Women's daily leisure activities were rich and colorful in Tang dynasty , which can be divided into outdoor recreation and home furnishing leisure .The former includes riding and shooting , playing and watc-hing ball games, watching play, and traveling etc.The latter mainly includes reading, writing, music, game, and raising pets; Daily leisure activities of women in the Tang Dynasty is the product of the Tang Dy-nasty of the specific historical conditions , together by the developed material civilization , open society, woman's education popular and higher status, multiple social thought and cultural, with strong, distinct era characteristic.

  8. 退银汤对寻常性银屑病患者外周血NE表达水平的影响%Effect of Tuiyin Tang on NE in Psoriasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海琴; 盛国荣

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To study the impact of Tuiyin tang on expression level of neutrophil elastase (NE) in peripheral blood of psoriasis vulgaris. Method: Competing-ELISA was used to detect peripheral blood levels of NE in 40 cases of psoriasis vulgaris before and after treatment with Tuiyin tang, and those of the control group were also detected. Result: Forty cases of psoriasis vulgaris showed that serum level of NE was (16. 90 ± 3. 30) mg ·L-1 , and normal control group was (3. 67 ± 1. 49) mg ·L-1 , the difference was statistically significant (P <0. 01). After Tuiyin tang treatment for 12 weeks, NE level in psoriasis patients was significantly decreased (9. 16 ±2.43) mg ·L-1, which had statistically significant difference compared with before treatment (P < 0. 01 ) . Conclusion: Tuiyin tang can reduce the serum level of NE in patients with psoriasis vulgaris, and NE may be involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis.%目的:探讨退银汤对寻常性银屑病外周血中中性粒细胞蛋白酶(NE)表达的影响.方法:采用酶联免疫吸附竞争法检测40例寻常性银屑病患者在使用退银汤前后外周血血清NE水平,并与40例正常对照组进行比较.结果:40例寻常性银屑病血清NE水平为(16.90±3.30) mg·L-1,正常人对照组NE水平为(3.67±1.49) mg·L-1,两组有极显著性差异(P<0.01).经退银汤治疗12周后,银屑病患者血清NE水平明显下降[(9.16±2.43) mg·L-1]与治疗前有极显著性差异(P<0.01).结论:退银汤可以降低寻常性银屑病血清中NE的表达水平,NE可能参与了角质形成细胞的增殖,参与银屑病的发病过程.

  9. Argumentation on the Development and Transformation of Use of Allusions in Poetry in the Period of Tang Dynasties%诗歌用典艺术在唐代的发展变革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峨

    2012-01-01

    诗歌用典艺术在唐代得到了高度的发展和完善,继承了基本的用典方法又在技巧和境界上有很大提升,真正达到了如盐融水、辞约意丰的高妙境界。%The use of allusions of poem had a high development in the period of? Tang Dynasty . It not only inherited the basic methods from the allusions, but the skills was practised very well. In other words, It brings us a pretty state.

  10. 唐代驿路诗歌的类型及其情感内涵%Post the Type of Poetry in the Tang Dynasty and Its Emotional Connotation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴淑玲

    2015-01-01

    唐代诗人在“相逢尽是尘中老”的驿路上创作了大量的驿路诗歌,其数量几乎占《全唐诗》的十分之一,其内容和情感特质也与常态下的诗歌有所不同:羁旅行愁诗中的漂泊感、孤独感、弃置感,思亲念友诗中浓郁的亲情,驿路酬唱的无可奈何,驿路风物的借物写心,驿路别诗则情深意长。%Poets in the Tang Dynasty wrote a lot of post poetry in “meet is full of dust in the old post road”, which accounted for almost the entire one-tenth of the Full Tang Dynasty, its contents and the emotional trait and the habit of poems vary. The bridle travel worried in the poem drifts the feeling, the lonely feeling, abandons the feeling, thinks kisses reads in the friend poem the rich dear ones, having no alternative which the post road exchanges poems, the post road local scenery writes the heart taking advantage of the thing, the post road part poem then the sentiment profound meaning is long.

  11. 谈升运用经方桂枝龙牡汤经验举隅%TAN Sheng′s Experience of Using Classical Prescription GuiZhi LongMuTang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓东

    2013-01-01

    TCM doctor TAN Sheng′s experience of applying modified GuiZhi LongMuTang to spermatorrhea, premature ejaculation, menopause, insomnia, sweating, vertigo, chest obstruction and chronic cough was discussed through typical cases. It was thought that the doctor differentiated the syndromes accurately, followed the pathogene-sis, emphasized the same therapy for different diseases and appled GuiZhi LongMuTang to different diseases, there-fore, the treatment could obtain better effects.%通过典型案例,探讨谈升中医师在临床中运用桂枝龙牡汤加减治疗遗精、早泄、更年期综合征、失眠、汗证、眩晕、胸痹、久咳等病证的经验。认为其辨证准确、谨守病机,注重异病同治,一方多用的论治精神,从而获得很好的疗效。

  12. Evolvement of the Images of Prostitutes in the Novels of Tang and Ming Dynasties%唐代和明代小说中的娼妓形象演变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何蕾

    2012-01-01

    明代拟话本中的娼妓形象对唐代传奇中的娼妓形象既有继承又有发展,有相似处也有不同处。以《霍小玉传》《李娃传》与《卖油郎独占花魁》《杜十娘怒沉百宝箱》为考察对象,可以看出唐代和明代小说娼妓形象的演变反映了时代的变迁以及作者创作理念上的差异。这些差异表明,中唐传奇作者的浪漫主义情愫逐渐让位于晚明商品经济社会的现实主义思考。%Prostitute images in the vernacular novels of Ming Dynasty inherited and developed the Tang legends. This paper takes Biography of HUO Xiaoyu, Biography of LI Wa and The Businessmen Selling Oil Married a Courtesan, DU Shiniang Angrily Discarded the Box Filled with Treasure into Water as study objects, and points out the evolvement of the prostitute images and the differences of authors' creating concepts. These differences indicate that the romantic feelings of the Tang romance author have given way to the realistic thinking of the commodity economy society of the late Ming Dynasty.

  13. 四逆汤治疗对冠心病心绞痛患者生活质量的影响%Sini tang for quality of life of patients with coronary heart disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦鉴; 金明华; 吴国珍; 刘红健; 张瑜; 张伟君

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In the evaluation on the effects of intervention on the patients with angina pectoris,whether the quality of life is improved or not is a very important factor while the symptoms and physical signs are benefited.OBJECTIVE: To probe into the intervention effects of sini tang,the classic formula,on angina pectoris of coronary heart disease and compare the effects of simple Chinese herbs,western medicine and integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine on quality of life.DESIGN:Prospective observation and control study in which the patients with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease were taken as the objects.SETTING: Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine of a Hospital Affiliated to a University.PARTICIPANIT : The 88 cases in total were the patients with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease in the clinic of Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine of First Hospital Affiliated to Sun Yat-sen University from February to August 2003. Inclusion criteria: those compiled with "Guide Principles of Pharmaceutical Clinical Study in Cardiac Vascular System" and "Standards on Differentiation of Coronary Heart Disease with Chinese Medicine". Exclusion criteria: those complicated with various severe diseases. All the patients were randomized into sini tang group,isosrbide dinitrate group and allied medication group of 29,30 and 29 cases successively.METHODS: In sini tang group,isosrbide dinitrate group and allied medication group,sini tang,isosrbide dinitrate and sini tang allied with isosrbide dinitrate were prescribed successively. At the beginning and the end of treatment, it was to observe the attack frequency,condition, severity and persistent duration of angina pectoris and to record electrocardiogram (ECG).The evaluation on quality of life was carried on before and two weeks after medication with the unified inventory and determination device.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Comparisons of therapeutic effect on angina pectoris control,ECG and

  14. 《唐代墓志汇编续集》录文校补%The Proofreading of the Notes to The Continued Collection of the Epitaph in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙琛琛; 周阿根

    2012-01-01

    《唐代墓志汇编续集》对于研究唐代历史文化具有重要的意义。在认真对照拓片的基础上,利用文字学、词汇学、历史学等方面的知识:全面校读《唐代墓志汇编续集》所收录的唐代墓志录文,发现其录文在校勘方面存在着一些可商之处,如一些释文的讹误和脱漏,列举数例并分条校补。%The Continued Collection of the Epitaph in Tang Dynasty is important to the study of history and culture in Tang Dynasty. On the basis of studying and comparing the epitaphs and the restorations, we carefully read the notes with the knowledge of philology, vocabulary and history. There are some mistakes in interpretation for various reasons, such as the errors and the ellipses. We enumerate some mistakes in the hope of catching the attention of the academic world.

  15. To Look For Human Literature: Lin Yu-tang' s Views on Biographical Literature%寻求人的文学:论林语堂的传记文学观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余娜

    2015-01-01

    Biographical literature has actractted the attention of Lin Yu-tang. He not only wrote a few autobiographies and celebrity biographies,but also introduced many excellent works. Studying ancient literature, Lin Yu-tang found natural humanity and happy life. He expressed the idea about the development of Chinese modern biographical literature.%林语堂特别关注传记文学的创作,在不同时期都写有自传,并创作了几部重要的人物传记,且对中外优秀的传记作品大加推介. 在考察中国古代传记文学时,林语堂从现代个体意识出发,发现了自然人性的流露和生命愉悦的存在. 在这样的发现里,他表达了对中国现代传记文学发展的构想:尊重人性的自然流露,在日常俗世中追求超越性,实现审美文化人格的建构.

  16. 唐代夔州地区自然植被的审美特征%The Aesthetic Features of the Natural Vegetation in Kuizhou in the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴慧

    2011-01-01

    Kuizhou in the Tang Dynasty, with its unique physical features, deviated from Chang'an city and far away from the horrors of war, was an important military area in history. Within its board, there were a steep mountain gorge, a strong current, abundant water and grass, a great variety of plants to add up to 96 species and lower level of agricultural exploitation. So all kinds of vegetation were unequal in height and gorgeous, an original scene style and features view of natural vegetation of Kuizhou in the Tang Dynasty unfolded before us.%唐代夔州地区偏离京城,远离战祸,地理环境特殊,形势险峻,是历代兵家必争之地。境内高江急峡,人口稀少,农业开发水平较低,森林密布,水草丰茂,植物种类繁茂多样。各类植物高矮相依,其参差错落的互生,绚丽多彩的分布,使唐代夔州地区呈现出一派原生态的自然植被风貌。

  17. Recovery, Development of Agricultural Production and Act of Government at the Beginning of Tang Dynasty%唐初农业生产的恢复发展与政府行为

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑秋杰; 孙刚; 房岩

    2009-01-01

    At the beginning of Tang Dynasty, because of the long-term chaos caused by war at late Sui Dynasty, mass exoduses emerged, land was barren, productivity suffered severe damage, agricultural production nearly lied in a dead state.To stabilize social order and restore agricultural economy, the hierarchy of early Tang Dynasty led by Li Shimin carried out a series of policies such as encouraging reclamation, reducing taxes and corvee, simplifying the law, as well as alleviating the punishment.%介绍了在唐朝建国之初,以李世民为代表的唐初统治集团,面对由于隋朝末年连年战乱而导致的人口流亡,土地荒芜,生产力遭到严重破坏的残破局面,为了安定社会秩序,恢复农业经济,实行的一系列鼓励垦荒,舒缓民力的政策.

  18. 说“堂皇”读简牍与画像札记∗%A Textual Research on “Tang Huang”---The Reading Notes about the Bamboo Slips and Stone Relief

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢义田

    2015-01-01

    This paper firstly analyzes some kinds of literature materials like the signature words in the Juyan Bamboo Slips of the Han Dynasty and the images which appear in the mural paintings in tomb Han Dynasty,the stone relief of the Han Dynasty,Dun Huang manuscripts and paintings in the Tang and Song Dynasties.With the help of the textual research on these materials,this paper concludes that “Tang Huang”of Han Dynasty is a specialized definition of the buildings like hall,whose facade is open and which is used for receiving guests and handling general affairs.%通过对居延汉简的题记文字和汉墓壁画、汉画像石、敦煌石窟壁画以及唐宋绘画中的图像解读,确认汉代的“堂皇”乃是一种正面敞开,用于接待宾客或治事的厅堂类建筑。

  19. An investigation into the Jin xiao fang (Prescriptions of Instant Effect), a lost recipe book of the Tang Dynasty%关于唐代已佚方书《近效方》的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄斌; 张银柱

    2013-01-01

    《外台秘要方》引用了现已佚唐代方书《近效方》的141首方剂.对其引文进行分析,可知《近效方》由唐人李谏议所编写,大约成书于724-733年之间.《外台秘要方》引用的141首方剂涉及到临床各科,其来源也比较复杂,既有医人,也有士人,但所有方剂均具有“效验”的特点.%Altogether 141 prescriptions in the Jin xiao fang (Prescriptions of Instant Effect),a lost recipe book of the Tang Dynasty are cited in the Wai tai mi yao (Medical Secrets of An Official).Based on the analysis of these citations,it can be sure that the Jin xiao fang was written by Li Jian-yi of the Tang Dynasty,and completed around 724 to 733.These cited prescriptions are related to the clinical subjects,with complicate origins,for example,physicians and scholars.It is characterized by its "xiao yan (efficacy)"

  20. A Preliminary Analysis of Dressing of Common Women in the Tang Dynasty and State of their Existence%唐代平民女子服饰与生存状态初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纳春英

    2012-01-01

    唐诗中有很多歌咏下层劳动女子的诗句,尤其是其中有关服饰、化妆的描写,填补了正史对唐代民间女子服饰与生存状态疏于记录的缺憾。唐代民间女子即使身处盛世,仍生存艰难,这从她们的服饰、化妆不难看出,无论材质、式样、花色,民间女子服饰与贵族妇女都有很大的不同,由此所透露出的生存状态之差距也是天上人间。%Tang poetry contained great numbers lines eulogizing working females of lower classes,especially those descriptions of dressing and making-up,which made up for the lack of recording female dressing and existing state in folk society of the Tang Dynasty.Even in the prosperous reign of the dynasty,folk women had to face a hard life,which was revealed from their way of dressing and making-up.Their dressing and making-up showed great difference from those of noble women,casting a striking contrast between them in state of existence.

  1. 新征集唐代武功苏谔墓志铭及相关问题%Lately Collected Su E's Epitaph in Wugong in Tang Dynasty and Relevant Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    呼啸; 呼林贵

    2011-01-01

    Research on the lately collected Su E's epitaph in Wugong showed that the information on his epitaph was detailed and reliable,much of it could be verified by document,some could be used to correct or make up for the Tang history.Therefore,it is of certain historic value.Besides,it revealed Su E's identity and his relationship with Mrs.Su.Based on this,Su's family tree was clarified,which will provide new material for the study of Tang history.%对新征集的一方唐代武功苏谔墓志的考释,发现其志内容翔实可靠,出处可与文献互证,不少地方或更史之误,或补史之缺,具有一定的史料价值,能揭示出志主苏谔的身份及其与武功苏氏的关系,并借此补全唐代武功苏绰一支的谱系,为进一步研究唐史提供新的资料。

  2. On Officialdom’s Status Quo and Political Pursuit of the Supplement of Tang Dynasty History%《唐国史补》中的官场百态及其政治追求

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周坤

    2015-01-01

    《唐国史补》虽为小说,却具有一定的史料价值。它补正了一些唐代中后期官场人物的历史,向读者传递了当时的社会现实信息。它以叙述故事为手段,在描摹官场百态,褒贬忠奸的同时,不仅提出了衡量忠奸的标准,且由此表达了作者对清正廉明政治风气的追求。%Although The Supplement of Tang Dynasty is a novel,but it is of certain historical value.It rewords some history of official figures in the middle and late period of Tang dynasty,delivers the social re-ality information for reader at that time.Based on a narrative style,in depicting the bureaucratic attitudes, appraise the loyal also.It not only puts forward measure standard of loyalty and treacherous and thus ex-press the author’s pursuit of upright and incorruptible political atmosphere.

  3. Cui Family Graveyard of the Sui and Tang period at Xiyue Village in Pingshan,Hebei%河北平山县西岳村隋唐崔氏墓

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    河北省文物研究所; 平山县博物馆

    2001-01-01

    In April-June 1998, three brick-chambered tombs of the Sui and Tang period were discovered to the north of Xiyue village in Lianghe township, Pingshan county, Hebei. Tomb M1 faces to the south and consists of a tomb-passage, a corridor and a chamber. It yielded a celadon jar and an epitaph. Tomb M2 is unclear in shape and contains an epitaph and 17 remaining funeral objects, such as terra-cotta tomb figurines, domestic animals and other models, tomb-guarding creatures and vessels.Tomb M3 is in the best condition and close to M1 in shape. Its funeral objects include an epitaph and more than 160 terra-cotta tomb figurines, tomb-guarding creatures, domestic animals and other models.The three unearthed epitaphs indicate that M1 belonged to Li Liyi of the Sui period, M2 to Li's husband Cui Zhongfang dying in the Tang period, M3 to Cui Zhongfang's son Cui Dashan who died in the Sui dynasty, and the whole burial ground was the graveyard of Cui, a noble family in Boling.

  4. Observation of effects of tiaozhi zengshou tang on regulation of dyslipidemia%调脂增寿汤调整血脂异常的效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王治宽; 王发渭; 王广义

    2005-01-01

    arthrosclerosis and coronary heart disease, etc.OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical therapeutic effects of tiaozhi zengshou tang (herbal decoction) on intervention of dyslipidemia.DESIGN: Randomized, group controlled observation.SETTING: Department of Oncology, Department of Chinese Medicine and Department of Cardiology of General Hospital of Chinese PLA.PARTICIPANTS: Totally 120 cases from inpatients with dyslipidemia in Department of Chinese Medicine and Department of Cardiology of General Hospital of Chinese PLA and outpatients in Clinic of Blood lipid from February 2002 to January 2004.METHODS: Totally 120 cases of dyslipidemia were randomized into 3 groups. In Chinese herb group (43 cases), tiaozhi zengshou tang (herbal decoction) was prescribed, one dose/d, taking separately before breakfast and dinner. In western drug group (40 cases), pravastatin sodium was prescribed, 10 mg/tablet, 1 tablet/d, taking orally before sleep at night. Integrative group (37 cases) both pravastatin sodium and herbal decoction were prescribed, the dosage, composition and administration were same as previous. The treatment lasted 8 weeks, and then, the therapeutic effects on changes of blood lipid and harmful effects were observed.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Comparisons of therapeutic effects and harmful effects among groups.RESULTS: 120 cases were employed in the experiment, but 27 of those were dropped out due to loss of contact and absent re-visiting in time. Total parison of therapeutic effects among groups: The effective rates in Chinese herb group and western drug group were similar (81%, 80%, P > 0.05),changes of blood lipid series before and after treatment in each group: In Chinese herb group, triglyceride (TG) (2.59t1.64) mmol/L was reduced to (1.56±0.72) mmol/L, serum total cholesterol (TC) (5.30±1.71) mmol/L was reduced to (4.35±0.85) mmol/L (P < 0.01) and HDL-Cholesterol (HDL-Ch)(1.32±0.37) mmol/L was increased to (1.50±0.22) mmol/L (P < 0.05). In western drug group, TG (2.84±1

  5. Cultural Interpretation of TANG Zhen's Theory concerning Yue%唐甄“悦”道的文化阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程碧英

    2012-01-01

    唐甄所著《潜书》,汇集了众多的文化词,"悦"便是其一。长期以来,学界对唐甄晚年大力提倡的"悦"道说解纷纭,直接影响着人们对唐甄及其思想的解读与研判。从《潜书》文本语义分析,唐甄"悦"道不是走向自我适意和自我放任,而是由超越现实困境的个体自适与心忧天下的士子情怀构成,包含了旷达淡然的人生追求、超然物外的生命体悟、安贫乐道的士人情怀等文化内涵。唐甄"悦"道与其经世传统、批判精神并不矛盾,而是不同层面展开的问题,体现了不一样的人生追求。%The TANG Zhen's work A Book of Latency contains many cultural words and "yue" is one of them.For a long time,there have been a lot of interpretations of TANG's theory of "yue" which was proposed in his late years in the academic circle.These have directly exerted influence on people's understanding and judgment of the scholar and his thoughts.From the semantic analysis of the work,we can find that TANG's "yue" is not the movement to self-comfort and self-indulgence,but the individual comfort which surmounts the realistic predicament and the scholars' feelings,which include the cultural connotations as his broad-minded and calm life attitude,understanding of life above all things,and willingness to suffer and bowing to his fate.Such theory of "yue " is not contradicted with his tradition of experiencing life and critic spirit,but an issue on another level which shows his different life pursuit.

  6. 盛唐大将安思顺生平事迹钩沉%Life Story of An Si-shun,a Famous General in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆渭生; 乔潮

    2011-01-01

    An Si-shun was a famous general in Tang Dynasty,once was appointed military governor of Hexi Circuit and Shuofang Circuit.He was very loyal to the court,stationed his troops in the border areas,made remarkable achievements.Because of his special relationship with An Lu-shan,he was framed by Geshu Han and finally executed.Most of his life story was lost due to no record in the history.Guo Zi-yi was An Si-shun's follower,trusted with an important position.After An Lushan's rebellion,Shuofang Circuit made great accomplishments,so Guo Zi-yi asked the permission to right wrongs for An Si-shun.Through a study and analysis of historical documents,it was intended to collect An Si-shun's life story and display his devotion and faithfulness,besides,it is aimed to speculate the time and purpose of Guo Zi-yi asking the permission to right wrongs for An Si-shun.The purpose might be to comfort and inspire the generals and soldiers in Shuofang Circuit for suppressing the crisis at that time.%安思顺是盛唐时期的著名"蕃将",曾任河西军、朔方军节度使,忠诚朝廷,为国戍边,功绩显著。但他因与安禄山有特殊的"兄弟"关系,最终蒙受哥舒翰公报私怨的诬陷,惨遭冤杀;加之国史不为立传,其生平事迹大多湮灭。"中兴名臣"郭子仪曾为安思顺部下,深受信任和重用。及至平定"安史之乱",朔方军功勋卓著,郭子仪乃奏请为安思顺昭雪。通过爬梳史料、解析文献,一是尽力搜集安思顺的生平事迹,彰扬其忠诚品质;二是推究郭子仪奏请昭雪安思顺的时间、现实目的———从政治上安抚、感召朔方军广大将士,以尽快平息河东道的危机局势。

  7. Effects of Huanglian-Jie-Du-Tang and its modified formula on the modulation of amyloid-β precursor protein processing in Alzheimer's disease models.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siva Sundara Kumar Durairajan

    Full Text Available Huanglian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT is a famous traditional Chinese herbal formula that has been widely used clinically to treat cerebral ischemia. Recently, we found that berberine, a major alkaloid compound in HLJDT, reduced amyloid-β (Aβ accumulation in an Alzheimer's disease (AD mouse model. In this study, we compared the effects of HLJDT, four single component herbs of HLJDT (Rhizoma coptidis (RC, Radix scutellariae (RS, Cortex phellodendri (CP and Fructus gardenia (FG and the modified formula of HLJDT (HLJDT-M, which is free of RS on the regulatory processing of amyloid-β precursor protein (APP in an in vitro model of AD. Here we show that treatment with HLJDT-M and its components RC, CP, and the main compound berberine on N2a mouse neuroblastoma cells stably expressing human APP with the Swedish mutation (N2a-SwedAPP significantly decreased the levels of full-length APP, phosphorylated APP at threonine 668, C-terminal fragments of APP, soluble APP (sAPP-α and sAPPβ-Swedish and reduced the generation of Aβ peptide in the cell lysates of N2a-SwedAPP. HLJDT-M showed more significant APP- and Aβ- reducing effects than berberine, RC or CP treatment alone. In contrast, HLJDT, its component RS and the main active compound of RS, baicalein, strongly increased the levels of all the metabolic products of APP in the cell lysates. The extract from FG, however, did not influence APP modulation. Interestingly, regular treatment of TgCRND8 APP transgenic mice with baicalein exacerbated the amyloid plaque burden, APP metabolism and Aβ production. Taken together, these data provide convincing evidence that HLJDT and baicalein treatment can increase the amyloidogenic metabolism of APP which is at least partly responsible for the baicalein-mediated Aβ plaque increase in the brains of TgCRND8 mice. On the other hand, HLJDT-M significantly decreased all the APP metabolic products including Aβ. Further study of HLJDT-M for therapeutic use in treating AD is

  8. Tang-Nai-Kang alleviates pre-diabetes and metabolic disorders and induces a gene expression switch toward fatty acid oxidation in SHR.Cg-Leprcp/NDmcr rats.

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    Linyi Li

    Full Text Available Increased energy intake and reduced physical activity can lead to obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Transcriptional modulation of metabolic networks has become a focus of current drug discovery research into the prevention and treatment of metabolic disorders associated with energy surplus and obesity. Tang-Nai-Kang (TNK, a mixture of five herbal plant extracts, has been shown to improve abnormal glucose metabolism in patients with pre-diabetes. Here, we report the metabolic phenotype of SHR.Cg-Leprcp/NDmcr (SHR/cp rats treated with TNK. Pre-diabetic SHR/cp rats were randomly divided into control, TNK low-dose (1.67 g/kg and TNK high-dose (3.24 g/kg groups. After high-dose treatment for 2 weeks, the serum triglycerides and free fatty acids in SHR/cp rats were markedly reduced compared to controls. After 3 weeks of administration, the high dose of TNK significantly reduced the body weight and fat mass of SHR/cp rats without affecting food consumption. Serum fasting glucose and insulin levels in the TNK-treated groups decreased after 6 weeks of treatment. Furthermore, TNK-treated rats exhibited obvious improvements in glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. The improved glucose metabolism may be caused by the substantial reduction in serum lipids and body weight observed in SHR/cp rats starting at 3 weeks of TNK treatment. The mRNA expression of NAD+-dependent deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1 and genes related to fatty acid oxidation was markedly up-regulated in the muscle, liver and adipose tissue after TNK treatment. Furthermore, TNK promoted the deacetylation of two well-established SIRT1 targets, PPARγ coactivator 1α (PGC1α and forkhead transcription factor 1 (FOXO1, and induced the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC in different tissues. These observations suggested that TNK may be an alternative treatment for pre-diabetes and metabolic syndrome by inducing a gene expression switch

  9. Buddhism and the Law of Consensual Divorce in Tang China%佛教与唐律“和离”制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张朝阳

    2015-01-01

    “Heli”refers to the law regarding consensual divorce in pre -modern China.As a social practice,consensual divorce had existed from Pre -Qin to the Han period.But it was a deviation from the rit-ual norms that focused on family -clan duties,and hence not a legal rule.In the medieval period,however, due to the influence of Buddhist notions such as Uniting Causes and Conditions and Former Existing Causa-tion,the social attitude towards marriage was changed.Starting with an edict issued by the Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei,consensual divorce gradually acquired legitimacy and was elevated to the status of legal rule, which was defined by the Tang Law as “Heli”.The rule of “Heli”broke the ritual tradition,and the marriage was now viewed as the uniting of two individuals who had affections towards each other,instead of fulfilling one’s family -clan duty.Therefore,the emerging of “Heli”was a significant change in pre -modern Chinese marriage law.%“和离”是古代规范夫妻间因感情不和而协议离婚的法规。作为一种实践,它在先秦-汉代就存在,但一直游离于基于家庭-宗族义务的正统离婚规则之外。中古时期,受外来佛教“因缘和合”、“宿世因果”等思想的影响,中国的社会婚姻观念发生变化。以北魏孝文帝太和九年诏书为标志,“和离”逐渐获得了正当性并上升为法规,最终由唐律所定格并被后世承袭。“和离”规则的确立突破了礼法传统,把婚姻从男女家庭-宗族义务上升到了双方情感的结合,可谓古代婚姻法制一大变革。

  10. Unique Mechanisms of Sheng Yu Decoction (聖愈湯 Shèng Yù Tang on Ischemic Stroke Mice Revealed by an Integrated Neurofunctional and Transcriptome Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chang Hou

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Sheng Yu Decoction (聖愈湯 Shèng Yù Tang; SYD is a popular traditional Chinese medicine (TCM remedy used in treating cardiovascular and brain-related dysfunction clinically; yet, its neuroprotective mechanisms are still unclear. Here, mice were subjected to an acute ischemic stroke to examine the efficacy and mechanisms of action of SYD by an integrated neurofunctional and transcriptome analysis. More than 80% of the mice died within 2 days after ischemic stroke with vehicle treatment. Treatments with SYD (1.0 g/kg, twice daily, orally or p.o. and recombinant thrombolytic tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA; 10 mg/kg, once daily, intravenously or i.v. both significantly extended the lifespan as compared to that of the vehicle-treated stroke group. SYD successfully restored brain function, ameliorated cerebral infarction and oxidative stress, and significantly improved neurological deficits in mice with stroke. Molecular impact of SYD by a genome-wide transcriptome analysis using brains from stroke mice showed a total of 162 out of 2081 ischemia-induced probe sets were significantly influenced by SYD. Mining the functional modules and genetic networks of these 162 genes revealed a significant upregulation of neuroprotective genes in Wnt receptor signaling pathway (3 genes and regulation of cell communication (7 genes and downregulation of destructive genes in response to stress (13 genes and in the induction of inflammation (5 genes, cytokine production (4 genes, angiogenesis (3 genes, vasculature (6 genes and blood vessel (5 genes development, wound healing (7 genes, defense response (7 genes, chemotaxis (4 genes, immune response (7 genes, antigen processing and presenting (3 genes, and leukocyte-mediated cytotoxicity (2 genes by SYD. Our results suggest that SYD could protect mice against ischemic stroke primarily through significantly downregulating the damaging genes involved in stress, inflammation, angiogenesis, blood vessel

  11. 自拟痴呆汤治疗轻中度血管性痴呆%Self-made Chidai Tang on mild and moderate vascular dementia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴效普; 金鲁明

    2003-01-01

    目的 探讨自拟痴呆汤治疗血管性痴呆( vascular dementia,VD)的疗效和脑 CT的变化情况. 方法将符合美国精神病学会 DSM IV诊断标准的血管性痴呆患者 68例 ,按入院顺序分为观察组( 38例)和对照组( 30例),分别采用以自拟痴呆汤为主和吡硫醇 (Pyritinol)(脑复新)治疗,疗程 6个月.采用简明精神状态量表( MMSE)和日常生活活动( ADL)积分变化进行评估疗效,检测患者治疗前后血清雌二醇( E2)和睾酮( T)的水平变化,观察脑萎缩分度变化情况. 结果观察组经治疗后血清 E2和 T水平均提高 [从治疗前的( 100± 30) pmol/L,( 7± 5) mmol/L升至治疗后的( 160± 30) pmol/L,( 15± 4) mmol/L, E2/T比值降低(由治疗前的 20± 17降至治疗后的 13± 4) (t=8.712 8,7.701,2.470,P< 0.01).观察组 MMSE和 ADL治疗前后差值为 4.7± 2.5,5.2± 2.5;对照组为 2.3± 2.5,2.7± 2.9;观察组优于对照组( t=3.748 5,3.897 4,P< 0.01) ;观察组治疗后脑萎缩恢复情况比对照组好,( t=20.10,3.231 4,2.493 6,2.004 6,P< 0.01). 结论中西医结合治疗血管性痴呆,能提高血清 E2和 T水平,降低 E2/T比值,调节神经内分泌,使脑萎缩在形态学上有恢复正常的趋势.%AIM:To explore the therapeutic effect of self made Chidai Tang on vascular dementia(VD) and changes of brain CT. METHODS:68 VD patients in accordance with American psychiatric association DSM IV diagnosis standard were divided by admitting order into observation group receiving self made Chidai Tang treatment(n=38) and control group receiving pyritinol(Naofuxin) treatment(n=30).The therapeutic courses were 6 months.Mini mental state examination(MMSE) and activity of daily life(ADL) were used to evaluate therapeutic effects.Changes of serum estradiol(E2) and testosteone(T) levels were detected and degrees of brain atrophy were observed. RESULTS:In observation group,levels of E2 and T were increased[from ( 100± 30) pmol/L,( 7± 5) mmol/L before treatment to ( 160

  12. The Use of the Cultural Signs of Tang Period in the Lamps Design in the Qujiang Scenic Spots of Xi' an%盛唐文化符号在西安曲江景区灯具设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹秦川; 师海珊; 杨晓燕

    2012-01-01

    Aiming at creating the Qujiang scenic spots lamp with the features of Tang period, based on analyzing Tang period culture and cultural signs, it explained the train of thought which signs should be collected based on the themes of the spot. Through analysis of the Tang cultural signs on the Qujiang scenic spots lamps, it studied the creative methods of tang culture signs on the modem art lamp design, made the scenic spot highlight the cultural characteristic and the diversity. It fundamentally contributed to inheritance of tang cultural signs among modem lamp design.%以打造拥有盛唐文化特色的曲江景区灯具为目的,在分析盛唐文化及其特有文化符号的基础上,阐述了根据各个景区主题文化对盛唐文化符号的提取思路;通过对曲江景区现有灯具设计中盛唐文化符号应用情况的分析,研究了盛唐文化符号在现代灯具设计应用中的创新方法,进而使各景区在突显唐文化特色的同时又更加丰富多彩,有利于从根本上把握盛唐文化符号在现代灯具设计中的传承。

  13. 多重身份的复合--论唐顺之对曾巩散文的评价%Composite of Multiple Identities-An Analysis of TANG Shun-zhi′s Appraisal of ZENG Gong′s Prose

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹书

    2014-01-01

    TANG Shun-zhi,as a devout scholar of heart-mind theory and Neo-Confucianism,was bound to appraise literary works from the perspective of their ideological values.He was also an excellent stereotyped writer and critic of classical writings.Sometimes he got rid of the thinking mode of heart-mind theory and Neo-Confu-cianism,and evaluated works from the perspective of literature itself.Affected by these complex multiple identities, when TANG Shun-zhi appraised ZENG Gong′s prose of dense Taoism but poor artistic quality,it became quite contradictory:he thought“writers of the following three generations couldn′t surpass NAN Feng”,but ZENG Gong′s prose was plain and lacking in changes,so ZENG could only be placed at the end of the eight famous writers of Tang-Song dynasty.%唐顺之作为一名笃诚的心学家、理学家,势必会从思想价值的角度对文学作品进行评价。同时他又是一个优秀的八股文名家、古文评点家,有时又会摆脱心学和理学的思维模式,从文学自身的角度考量创作。受此多重身份的复合影响,唐顺之对道学气息浓厚而艺术性较差的曾巩散文进行评价时,就显得颇为矛盾:既认为“三代以下之文未有如南丰”,又以为曾巩散文法度平实,缺少变化,只能居于唐宋八家之末。

  14. 从《拔河》《御毬》二赋看盛唐体育之精神%From Two Fu Literature Ba He and Yu Qiu to Study the Sportsmanship in the Glorious Age of Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓霭

    2015-01-01

    盛唐薛胜《拔河赋》、阎宽《温汤御毬赋》,极尽描摹之能事,夸饰唐代开元天宝年间拔河、打毬的竞技场面,精彩传神,充分展示了体育文学的艺术魅力。两赋明晰揭示“百戏”“杂技”的精神内核:“败无隐恶,强无蔽能”“武由是存,义不可舍”“称物以平施”、“耀武于外”。体育赋作为体育文学的体裁、题材之一,从一个侧面折射了盛唐的体育精神,为后代体育研究保存了极其珍贵的“非物质文化遗产”。%In the glorious age of Tang Dynasty ,the Ba He Fu written by Xue Shen and the Wen Tang Yu Qiu FU written by Yan Kuan vividly described and praised the athletics scenes of tug -of -war and ball games which were held during the Kaiyuan Tianbao .These two Fu with wonderful and vivid description fully presented the artistic charm of sports literature .They clearly revealed the core essences of “Bai Xi (acrobatics)”and“Za Ji(juggling)” ,which were“Facing the failure no need hide the incompetent ,achie‐ving victory no need cover the great talent” ,“Keep the kung fu spirit in sports ,and never lose the kung fu morality” ,“Ensure fairness” ,“Present the power to foreigners” .As one type and topics of sports litera‐ture ,the sports literature Fu indicated the sportsmanship in the glorious age of Tang Dynasty from anoth‐er prospective ,and conserved extremely valuable Intangible Cultural Heritage for the future sport re‐search .

  15. The Clinical Analysis of 50 Children with Hyperactivity Asthma Treated by Ding Chuan Tang%定喘汤治疗小儿肺热型哮喘50例疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡志强

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Dingchuan Tang to treat the children with hy-peractivity asthma. Method: 100 children with hyperactivity asthma in our hospital were randomly divided into control group and treatment group, the treatment group was given water decoction by the main square of Dingchuan Tang, while the control group was received conventional anti - infective, antispasmodic, asthma and other symptomatic treatment, then compared the clinical efficacy of the two groups. Result: The treatment group was higher than the control group in clinical control rate ( P<0. 05 ); after the treatment, the lung function improving ( FEV1 or PEF ) of the treatment group were better than which of the control group ( P<0. 05 ). Conclusion: Dingchuan Tang as the main type of prescription to treat with the children of hyperactivity asthma has an ideal efficacy, and it should be applied in clinical.%目的:观察定喘汤治疗小儿肺热型哮喘的临床疗效.方法:选择我院门诊及住院收治的100例肺热型支气管哮喘患儿,随机分为两组.治疗组给予定喘汤为主方的水煎剂进行治疗,对照组给予常规抗感染、解痉、平喘等对症治疗,然后比较分析两组的临床疗效.结果:两组临床控制率比较,治疗组明显高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);两组患儿治疗后,治疗组肺通气功能改善(FEV1或PEF)优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:以定喘汤为主要方剂治疗小儿肺热型哮喘疗效理想,在临床中应得到推广应用.

  16. Clinical Observation on Modified SiMiao YongAnTang in Treating 140 Cases of Acute Gouty Arthritis%四妙永安汤加味治疗急性痛风性关节炎140例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察四妙永安汤加减治疗急性痛风性关节炎的临床疗效.方法:将140 例急性痛风性关节炎患者随机分为2 组.治疗组70 例,予四妙永安汤加减;对照组70 例,予秋水仙碱、苯溴马隆治疗,2 组疗程均为2 周.观察治疗前后病变关节肿胀、疼痛、活动等情况及血尿酸、血沉和C 反应蛋白的变化情况.结果:治疗组与对照组总有效率分别为88.57%、74.29%,不良反应发生率分别为21.43%、58.57%,2组比较有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:四妙永安汤加减治疗急性痛风性关节炎疗效显著,不良反应发生率较低.%Objective: To observe clinical effects of modified SiMiao YongAnTang in treating acute gouty arthritis. Method: All 140 cases were randomly assigned into treatment group administered with modified SiMiao YongAnTang and control group treated with colchicines and benzbromarone. The session was two weeks for both groups. The conditions of joint swelling, pain, movement and the changes of blood uric acid, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C reactive protein were observed before and after the treatment. Result: Total effective rate of treatment group was 88.57%, higher than 74.29% of control group with significant difference (P<0.05). Incidence of adverse reaction of treatment group was 21.43%,lower than 58.57% of control group with statistical meaning (P<0.05).Conclusion: Modified SiMiao YongA nTang is effective in treating acute gouty arthritis with low incidence of adverse reaction.

  17. "Shui wei"(谁为) and"Wei shui"(为谁) from the Pre-Qin poetry to the Tang Dynasty%先秦到唐代的“谁为”和“为谁”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张延俊

    2014-01-01

    先秦时期,几乎所有的“谁为”都属于“谁宾语+为”式,发展到唐代,绝大多数“谁为”都属于“谁主语+为”式。先秦时期,所有的“为谁”都属于“为系词+谁表语”式,发展到唐代,绝大多数“为谁”都属于“为+谁宾语”式。也就是说,从先秦到唐代,“谁宾语+为”式由盛转衰,几乎退出历史舞台,“为+谁宾语”式从无到有,成为常式。这种现象表明,发展到唐代,“为”的疑问代词宾语“谁”,后置化历程基本完成。%In the pre-Qin period, almost all the "shui wei"(谁为)belong to the pattern of "shui(谁,object) +wei(为)".With the development of Chinese , it evolved into the pattern of "shui(谁,subject) +wei(为)"in Tang Dynasty.Likewise, from the pre-Qin period to the Tang Dynasty, most of the"wei shui"(为谁)developed from "wei(为,link word) +shui(谁,predicative)"to the pat-tern "wei(为) +shui(谁,object)".That is to say, with the evolvement of Chinese from the pre-Qin period to the Tang Dynasty, the pattern of "shui(谁,object)+wei(为)"gradually disappeared into history .However, starting from scratch, the pattern"wei (为)+shui(谁object)"has become a common one .These phenomenons reflected the historical trend in which the objects of the interrogative pronouns were placed from the front to the rear , and thus laid a solid foundation for forming the final syntactic pattern-the object post-position of interrogative pronouns .

  18. Antidepressant-like Effect of Banxia Xiexin Tang%半夏泻心汤抗抑郁作用实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志强; 常红娟

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨中药经方半夏泻心汤(BXT)抗抑郁作用.方法:补给药途径、天数及与检测的时间关系120只成年雄性昆明种小鼠随机分为空白组(Control;n=24),阳性药氟西汀组(FLU,10 mg·kg-1,ig,n=24),BXT低、中、高剂量组(50,100,200 mg· kg-1;n=24),分别进行旷场实验(open field test,OFT;n =8)、悬尾实验(tail suspension test,TST;n =8)和强迫游泳实验(forced swimming test,FST;n=8);OFT实验参数包括水平运动得分、垂直运动得分和总得分,TST和FST实验参数是不动状态持续时间.结果:OFT结果提示,与Control比较,FLU和BXT低、中、高剂量对OFT水平运动得分、垂直运动得分及总得分影响差异均无统计学意义;TST结果提示,与Control比较,FLU和BXT低、中、高剂量可明显缩短TST不动状态持续时间(P<0.01,P<0.05,P<0.01,P<0.01);FST结果提示,与Control比较,FLU和BXT低、中、高剂量可明显缩短FST不动状态持续时间(P<0.01,P<0.05,P<0.01,P<0.01).结论:半夏泻心汤具有明显抗抑郁作用,但其具体作用机制尚未明确.%Objective: To explore the antidepressant-like effect of a traditional Chinese medicine, Banxia Xiexin Tang ( BXT). Method: One hundred and twenty mice were divided into five groups ( n = 24) , such as control group, fluoxetine (FLU) group, BXT (50, 100, 200 mg·kg-1 ) groups. The behavior of each group in open field test ( OFT, n = 8 ) , tail suspension test ( TST, n = 8 ) and forced swimmig test ( FST, n = 8 ) was recorded. The following parameters were evaluated; the number of horizontal squares, number of rearings and total score for OFT, the latency to the first bout of immobility and duration of immobile time during the last 4 min of the 6-min trial for TST and FST. Result: FLU and BXT decreased the duration of immobile time during the last 4 min of the 6-min trial in both TST and FST, and the latency to the first bout of immobility in FST, however, had no effect on OFT

  19. 唐代安西、北庭两任都护考补——以出土文书为中心%Two Protector-Generals in Anxi and Beiting in Tang Dynasty:Supplement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘安志

    2001-01-01

    Based on the documents unearthed from Xingjiang and Dunhuang, this paper gives a supplement of the two Protector-generals in Anxi and Beiting during the Tang Dynasty. One is the Anxi Protector-general in AD 676, whose name is unknown, and the other is the Beiting Protector-general Yin between AD 727 and AD 733. No historical record concerning them has been found yet.%本文根据新疆、敦煌等地出土文书,考补了两任不见史籍记载的安西、北庭都护:一是唐高宗上元三年(公元676年)的安西某都护,另一是唐玄宗开元十五——二十一年(公元727—733年)间的北庭都护阴某。

  20. 王自立主任医师运用黄连阿胶汤验案举隅%WANG Zi-li ChiefPhysician of Clinical Use ofHuangLian E.JiaoTang Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王煜; 张丽君; 张竹君

    2011-01-01

    通过王自立主任医师运用黄连阿胶汤治疗眩晕(高血压)、癫证(精神分裂症)及失眠(更年期综合征)的临证验案举隅,说明该方具有育阴清热、交通心肾之功用,对心肾不交证疗效显著.%Through analyzing examples of clinical cases of WANG Zi-li chief physician treating vertigo(hypertension), epilepsy(schizophrenia) and insomnia(menopause) using HuangLian EJiaoTang,we concluded that theformulas of Chinese medicine could culture Yin and clear heat,dredge heart and kidney function,and the clinical effect.was significant on disorder ofheart and kidney function.

  1. 唐山市广播电视台新闻制播网在直播节目中的应用%Application of TangShan Radio and TV Stations News Production and Broadcasting Network in Live Broadcasting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦霄

    2012-01-01

    以唐山市广播电视台新闻制播网在直播节目中的应用为着眼点,对新闻制播网建成前后的直播工作进行对比,新闻制播网的建成极大地提高了电视直播节目的制作与播出水平。%Compared to before and after the completion of the news production and broadcasting network in live broadcasting, this article focus on the application of TangShan Radio and TV Stations news production and broadcasting network in live broadcasting, and highlight the advantages of the completion of news production and broadcasting network in the production and broadcasting of live broadcasting.

  2. The temptation English to Chinese allusion translation of Tang Poetry from Li Shangyin's"Zither"%从李商隐的《锦瑟》试探唐诗英译中的典故翻译

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    勇薇

    2014-01-01

    There are various translation theories and principles and different schools in poetry translation. This article intend to analyze the allusions in Lishangyin’s poem“Zither”and discuss the translation for allusions in Tang Poetry through comparing three translation versions.%唐诗英译是项极为复杂的工程,可分为不同翻译流派,可从各种不同角度探讨。本文主要意在通过分析李商隐《锦瑟》一诗中的典故,对比几个英译版本,初步探讨一下唐诗英译中的典故翻译。

  3. On Emperor Liang Wu abandoning Taoism to Buddhism Three-religions Debate in the Tang Dynasty%梁武舍道事佛与唐代三教论衡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘林魁

    2015-01-01

    It is a great mystery in the history of medieval culture that Emperor Liang Wu adandoned Taoism, which, however, became a special concern in early Tang Dynasty. The article proposes that, rather than commenting on whether the event was true or false, a better way of working out the mystery is to investigate its happenings and functions in the religious and cultural context of Tang Dynasty. Judging from the existing literature, emperors and ministers connected Liang Wu’s Buddhism worship with the national subjugation, which was taken advantage by Taoists who propagated that Buddhism resulted in the subjugation. However, the event itself of Liang Wu’s abandoning Taoism to Buddhism has not been paid any attention to by either Confucianists or Taoists. In early Tang Dynasty, Buddhists responded in a different way to both Confucianist and Taoist criticisms, believing that the event itself was undertaking the mission of attacking Taoism. But influenced by the practice that Confucianism and Taoism collaborated in criticizing Buddhism, the event also functioned in glorifying Buddhism, suppressing Confucianism and diminishing Taoism. The Buddhists’ narration of the event in Tang Dynasty highlighted the adversial relations among the three religions at the time, and the event was a response from Taoists like Fuyi.%梁武帝舍道事佛是中古思想文化史上的一大疑案,但此一说法真正被关注是在唐代。与其斤斤计较此说的真伪,不如从唐代宗教文化环境中考察其发生与功能。从现存文献来看,唐代帝王史臣在反思南北朝政教关系的潮流中,将梁武帝崇奉佛教与萧梁亡国联系起来,道教徒也乘势将此提升为佛教亡国论,但梁武帝舍道事佛并未被儒、道二教关注。唐初佛徒对儒家、道教的批判采取了不同的回应方式,梁武帝舍道事佛主要承担起了抨击道教的使命,但受儒、道联合批评佛教惯例的影响,此事同时具有了

  4. Research and Development for Buyang Huanwu Tang in Treating Type 2 Diabetes%补阳还五汤治疗2型糖尿病研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张林军; 刘军; 常超; 封利广; 常风云

    2012-01-01

    对补阳还五汤治疗2型糖尿病及合并症的现状进行文献整理和分析.以补阳还五汤和糖尿病为主题词对CNKI和万方数据自1979年以来的文献进行检索,对检索的350余篇相关文献就益气活血法治疗糖尿病的历史沿革、临床应用和动物实验进行了归纳分析.气虚血瘀是糖尿病的主要病因病机之一.补阳还五汤临床治疗糖尿病及合并症疗效满意的原因是抓住了气虚血瘀这一主要矛盾.如病机以肾阳不足/阴虚燥热等为主要矛盾时,应据证另选良方,否则不顾病机而名方滥投亦难取效.动物实验从分子水平初步揭示了补阳还五汤治疗糖尿病及合并症的机制,但在基因水平的研究还有待深入,今后应注重该方治疗糖尿病作用环节/靶点的研究,深入研究该方治疗糖尿病的有效成分及提取方法,为研制治疗糖尿病新药奠定理论基础.%The diabetes complications and rearrange and analysis Buyang Huanwu Tang in the treating Ⅱ Diabetes. To Buyang Huanwu Tang and diabetes and ten thousand to give priority to captioned CNKI the data from 1979 the literature retrieval. Of the 350 papers to retrieval ofliterature and blood-activation therapy for diabetes history, clinical application and animalexperiments are analyzed. Qi difficiency and blood stasis are the main causes and mechanism of diabetes. Buyang Huanwu Tang soup in the treatment of diabetes complications and clinical results were satisfactory reason is caught qi difficiency and blood stasis the main contradiction. If kidney Yang deficiency in pathogenesis or Yin scorching as the main contradiction, should according to card swap cures, regardless of the pathogenesis and square or bad shots take effect also difficult. Animal experiments from molecular level initially revealed Buyang Huanwu Tang soup in the treatment of diabetes and the mechanism of complications. ,But in the level of gene are to be further discussed. We should pay

  5. The Hitory Development,Archeological Findings and History Features of the Shangqiu Section of Sui Tang Canal%隋唐运河商丘段的历史沿革、考古发现及历史风貌

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑清森

    2011-01-01

    The Shangqiu Section of Sui Tang Canal, the important part of Yongji Ditch, with the length of.199. 7km, is mostly buried underground and kept well. The study of its history development, archeological findings and history features provide rich material for its rich culture history and important history value.%隋唐运河商丘段是隋唐运河通济渠的重要渠段,全长约199.7公里,大多埋藏于地下,保存基本完好。对隋唐运河商丘段的历史沿革、考古发现、历史风貌等方面进行初步探讨,可以为研究隋唐运河商丘段的文化底蕴和历史文化价值提供珍贵的资料。

  6. Effect of Wendan Tang Jiajian on sympathetic nerve type of cervical syndrome: 1 case report%温胆汤加味治疗交感型颈椎病1例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周成谷

    2003-01-01

    @@ CASE DATA Patients, femade, 51 years old, worker, hospitalized in December1993. Chief complains: often dizziness complicated with vomiting,occasional numbness of fingers, disease course had been over 1year. Massage treatment was performed, but no effect wasachieved. Examination: cervical vertebrae located at center withoutlateral process, no obvious tenderness at bilateral neck muscles andno limitation of movement of cervical vertebrae. X-ray film showedhypertrophic changes of cervical vertebrae without obvious stenosisof intervertebral space. Diagnosis: cervical syndrome(sympathetictype) . Treatment: Wendan Tang Jiajian: astragalus root 20 g; big-head atractylodes rhizome 9 g; white peony root 9 g; Chuanduan12g; Chuanxiong 9 g; chaenomeles fruit 9 g; Fuling 12 g; Zhiqiao6g; Chao Zhuru; tangerine peel 6 g; Jiangbanxia, 9 g; Zhigancao 6g. 5tie(one tie per day) were administrated continuously until symptomsdisappeared. Patient searched medical service because of itching andno relapse of cervical syndrome was complained.

  7. Professor Liu Shu-hua′s Experience on Clinical Application of WenDanTang%刘树华教授临床运用温胆汤举验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彦龙

    2012-01-01

    Professor Liu Shu-hua applied modified WenDanTang to insomnia, vertigo, depression, epilepsia and other diseases with the method of different diseases and same therapy under the theory of syndrome differentiation and treatment, which was proved to be effective. Treatment experience of the cases were recorded and tested.%刘树华教授在辨证论治理论的指导下,运用异病同治的方法,采用温胆汤加减治疗不寐、眩晕、郁证、癫痫等疾病,取得了很好的疗效,谨录临床验案以资验证.

  8. Aqueous Extract of Gumiganghwal-tang, a Traditional Herbal Medicine, Reduces Pulmonary Fibrosis by Transforming Growth Factor-β1/Smad Signaling Pathway in Murine Model of Chronic Asthma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, In-Sik; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo; Jin, Seong Eun; Lee, Mee-Young

    2016-01-01

    Gumiganghwal-tang is a traditional herbal prescription that is used widely for the treatment of the common cold and inflammatory diseases in Korea and other Asian countries. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of a Gumiganghwal-tang aqueous extract (GGTA) against airway inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis using a mouse model of chronic asthma. Chronic asthma was modeled in BALB/c mice via sensitization/challenge with an intraperitoneal injection of 1% ovalbumin (OVA) and inhalation of nebulized 1% OVA for 4 weeks. GGTA (100 mg/kg or 200 mg/kg) was also administered by oral gavage once a day for 4 weeks. We investigated the number of inflammatory cells, production of T-helper type 2 (Th2) cytokines, chemokine and the total transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF); the levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in the plasma; the infiltration of inflammatory cells in lung tissue; and the expression of TGF-β1, Smad-3, and collagen in lung tissue. Our results revealed that GGTA lowered the recruitment of inflammatory cells (particularly, lymphocyte); and decreased the production of Th2 cytokines, chemokine and total TGF-β1; and attenuated the levels of total and OVA-specific IgE; and decreased the infiltration of inflammatory cells. Moreover, GGTA significantly reduced the expression of TGF-β1 and Smad-3, and lowered collagen deposition. These results indicate that GGTA reduces airway inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis by regulating Th2 cytokines production and the TGF-β1/Smad-3 pathway, thus providing a potential treatment for chronic asthma. PMID:27741312

  9. 唐“安西四镇”之碎叶问题研究综述%Review of Related Issues about the Suyab of the Four Towns in Anxi of Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雁翔

    2012-01-01

    在唐朝设置的"安西四镇"中,据现有文献材料显示,碎叶时有时无,且存在着碎叶与焉耆相互交替的情况。而有关碎叶的设置问题,论争一直没有停息过,曾有不少学者对此反复加以探讨。近年来,随着考古工作的不断深入,新材料的不断出现,碎叶是否为安西四镇,这个问题也一步步清晰化。目前,唐代碎叶城的地理位置已经考定。本文试图从旧史料出发,结合中外文献有关论述和中外学者的研究成果,对碎叶的确立、隶属及其现实意义进行梳理。%Among the four towns set by Tang Dynasty in Anxi,Suyab was sporadic and was also alternative with Agni from present literature revision.The controversy about the problem of Suyab's set has been lasting,and many scholars have discussed repeatedly.In recent years,along with the continuous deepening of the work of archaeology and constant appearing of the new materials,whether Suyab is one of the four towns is prioritizing step by step.At present,the geographical position of Suyab in Tang Dynasty has been discovered.This paper tries to start from the old historical materials,combines with the Chinese and foreign literature revision and the research results of the Chinese and foreign scholars,combs the establishment and the membership and the significance of Suyab.

  10. 试论汉唐洛阳私家园林的美学特征%Study on the Aesthetic Features of Private Gardens in Luoyang on the Han and Tang Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫红; 刘保国

    2011-01-01

    从汉至唐,洛阳私家园林类型多样,其美学特征鲜明,主要通过园的规模、性质、环境空间以及追求的艺术境界来体现的,往往与园主的社会政治地位、经济地位、个人情操以及造园的选址、手法有很大关系.该文通过对汉唐时期洛阳私家园林典型实例的分析,来论证其具备自然山水和写意山水同存的环境特征、恢宏壮阔和平淡青远并蓄的空间特征、雄浑壮美和阴柔秀美兼具的性格特征以及世俗生活和诗情画意共融的艺术特征.%Forms of Luoyang private gardens had been diverse from Han to Tang Dynasty, their distinctive aesthetic features were expressed through their scales, functions, environment and space, and artistic conceptions. They have close connections with factors such as owners' social status, financial situations, taste and upbringing, site choosing and artistic skills. By analysing private gardens of Han and Tang Dynasty, this thesis tries to demonstrate their contrastive features such as environment of both natural and artificial beauty, and spaces of spectacular and humbleness, and characters including both masculinity and femininity, and the combination of poetic emotions and daily routines.

  11. 唐宋时期湖州平原菱的种植与湿地农业开发%The Planting of Water Chestnut and Wetland Agriculture Development in the Huzhou Plain in the Tang-Song Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晴

    2012-01-01

    The water chestnut was planted popularly in the Huzhou Plain in the Tang-Song Dynasties. There was a broad stretch of wetland in the late Tang and early Song Dynasties, at the same time Form. Trapa spp. was banded in some of the shallow lakes and meres. After history came to the period of Southern Song Dy- nasty, many meres were enclosed, the land were changed to farmland instead. Meanwhile water chestnut was planted in the specialized ponls. The planting area of water chestnuts were expanded in the Huzhou Plain, and many cultivated species were selected. People used water chestnut to fish and to protect the embankments. In brief, the wetland exploitation in the Huzhou Plain was always connected with the planting of water chestnuts.%唐宋时期江南地区湖州平原区中存在着大面积的湖沼湿地,菱是这个区域中典型水生植被之一。唐末至宋初人类活动对本地区湖沼湿地的干扰较少,湿地生境中存在着大面积菱的野生植物群落,宋以后随着太湖地区水体资源的开发与集约化利用程度的加强,湖州平原中人工栽培菱的面积扩大,出现了众多的栽培菱品种。南宋时期人们利用许多技术措施对菱进行了广泛的栽培,湖州平原湿地农业开发进程中始终伴随着水生植物菱的种植。

  12. Three Techniques of Tang Poetry’s Dissemination under a Tree-Like Mode%树状传播模式下唐诗风行的三大技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢清果; 上官仪

    2014-01-01

    Poetry of the Tang Dynasty, as an important literary genre of classical Chinese literature, is associated with information dissemination. From the perspective of communication, the diffusion process of Tang Poetry has linear mode, orbicular mode and a tree-like mode. And there is an important section called “transplant”, which can be classified into three techniques: “Grafting”,“Attaching”, and“Symbiosis”. The information dissemination of each category is different in the width, density, speed, and precision, and they all made full use of the internal and external conditions, to create the dissemination energy of literature.%唐诗的繁荣,离不开独特的传播技巧。唐诗不仅是单元化的“线状”或“环状”传播,也是具有一定系统性的“树状”传播。其中,“移栽”这一环节对于传播的效果起到至关重要的作用。唐诗的“移栽”大体有嫁接、依附与共生三种方式,它们在传播广度、密度、速度、精确度方面各具特点,且都能很好地利用内外部条件,来提升文学作品的传播势能。

  13. On the aesthetic function of porch images in the poems of Tang Dynasty%唐诗廊意象的意涵及审美功能探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石润宏

    2015-01-01

    Because of the architecture characteristics of porch, the porch images have rich connotation in the poems of Tang Dynasty, such as boudoir repinings, loneliness and desolation, seclusion and leisure. Also because of this reason, poets strolling along the porch are more sentimental and poetic. Porch images are often used together with verbs and adjectives so that the beauty of those poems is more effective. Porch has a kind of function called “Jie jing (借景)”, which means drawing on the scenery from a distance. This function, reflected more in the poems of Tang Dynasty, shows the space consciousness of ancient Chinese, and issues an aesthetic effect called“Yi yu yu xiang(意余于象)”, that is, evoking certain meaning through images.%唐诗中的廊意象,因为廊的悠长、通透等建筑学特性,而含有闺怨与怀古、孤寂与落寞、幽隐与安闲的丰富意涵,这些意涵反映了诗人不同的心绪。也因为廊的这些建筑学特性,诗人在廊下漫步时往往多有诗兴。廊与动词、形容词的组合运用,丰富了唐诗的语汇,使唐诗的美感更为出彩。园林学中的廊还具有“借景”的审美功能,体现了古人移远就近的空间意识。这一功能在唐诗中多有体现,并生发出了“意余于象”的空间美学效果。

  14. People as many as Ants Dream The Nanke Dream --Introduction to and Critical Notes on The Nanke Dream by Tang Xianzu%普天下梦南柯人似蚁——《南柯记》述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡金望; 吕贤平

    2012-01-01

    汤显祖《南柯记》根据唐传奇《南柯太守传》敷演而成。它通过梦幻的形式,描写了封建社会功业与婚姻两大人生主题。反映了为实现传统人生价值观所经历的鲎富多彩的世情。剧作集中体现了作家的思想感情,富有鲜明的创作特色,深刻表现出晚明社会的现实图景,艺术化地否定了封建正统的人生价值观,寄寓着作家对社会人生的深刻探索,从而使该剧在中国文学史和戏剧史上都具有重要的地位。%Tang Xianzu's drama The Nanke Dream was developed from the legend of Tang Dynasty Biography of Nanke Perfect. Through the dream, the drama represented two life themes:exploits in feudal society and marriage, which reflected a rich and colorful world in the process of realizing people's traditional life values. Its intensive embodiment of the author's thoughts and feelings, distinctive artistic characteristics, manifestation of the reality in late Ming Dynasty, artistic denial of feudal orthodox life values, and author's deep exploration to the social life have got it the importance in the Chinese literature history and drama history.

  15. Research on Building and Layout of Chang'an City in the Tang Dynasty%唐代长安城的建筑及布局形式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐亦功

    2012-01-01

    唐代的长安城是当时世界上的一个奇迹。首先,他有着极为严整、精密的城市规划,这种城市规划的完善和有序令当时很多有着悠久历史的永恒之都都无法望其项背。其次,他规模宏伟、外观壮丽的城市建筑此时达到了木构建筑的顶峰。举凡屋顶形式、木构结构、单体建筑和组群布局形式,都达到了中国古代建筑最完善的程度。这个建筑的顶峰是如此的高大,以致于其后的各代都无法超越而只能略做修改和补充。%Chang'an city in the Tang Dynasty was a miracle around the world. First, there was a very orderly and exact urban planning, who was admired for its improvement and ordering of the plan by some eternal nations with a long history. Second, the buildings with grand scale and magnificent appearance have reached a peak in the history of wooden building. The achievements like roof form, wooden structure, single building or group layout and so on, reached the most perfect effect of Chinese ancient building. The construction is so perfect that in subsequent generation, each of which can only slightly to surpass. They can do the modification and replenished. Key words: Chang'an City in the Tang Dynasty; Building; Layout; Form layout

  16. The Mindset of of the Losers of the Imperial Examinations in Tang Dynasty on their Way Home%从唐代落第文学看落第举子归家的心理困境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕云

    2014-01-01

    在唐代的科举热潮中,及第者一举成名天下知,返归故里荣己荣亲荣乡国。举而不第者,却要遭遇榜前痛入骨髓的失意伤心,进取无门的绝望无奈,无颜归家的羞愧难当。唐代落第文学,记录了落第举子欲归不得、归而难安的心理困境。他们难过、思亲却不敢轻易回家,一旦踏上归途却又备受自卑羞惭心态的折磨,回到家里更有可能会陷于难堪、心痛的境地。这从一个侧面反映出他们在经历落第的打击和磨难后的心路历程。%All people were keen on the imperial examinations in the Tang dynasty, but most candidates failed. The failed candidates felt frustrated and discredited to go home. Such mindsets are recorded in the literatures about the failure in the imperial examinations. The losers of the imperial examinations in Tang dynasty missed their families very much but dare not go home. Once they made up their minds to go home, they suffered so much from a complicated feeling of low self-esteem, shamefulness, the embarrassment and heartache.

  17. Controversy over the Superiority and Inferiority of Historiography in a Series of Biographies of History Books and Historiography in Annalistic Style in the Tang Dynasty%唐代纪传、编年二体优劣论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹鹏程

    2012-01-01

    Historians of the early Tang Dynasty inherited the historiography theories of the South Dynasty and North Dynasty, and classified historiography in a series of biographies into history books written in biographical style. Afterwards, historians began to attach importance to the historiography principle that history should be written in order to pass judgment between praise and blame and to punish wickedness and encourage virtues, which was reinforced by the Study of the Spring and Autumn Annals rising in the mid- Tang Dynasty, having combined historiography in annalistic style with the purpose of praise and blame, also having revived chronicle historical records. Under this background, Huangfu Shi claimed that both types of historiography had the possibility of becoming excellent historiography works as long as they could punish wickedness and encourage virtues, which also exerted important influence on the compilation of A New History of the Five Dynasties ( Xin Wu Dai Shi ) and other history books in the North Song Dynasty.%唐初史家继承南北朝史学的理论遗产,列纪传体为正史。其后,史家开始强调史学褒贬人事、惩恶劝善的宗旨,这股思潮与中唐以后兴起的《春秋》学合流,将史书的编年体裁与褒贬义例联系在一起,导致中唐以后编年体史书中兴的局面。在此背景下,皇甫浞提出只要能立褒贬以示惩劝,二体皆可为良史的主张,对北宋时期《新五代史》等书的编纂产生了重要影响。

  18. 黄芩汤对TNBS诱导的结肠炎大鼠IL-23/IL-17通路的影响%Effect of Huangqin Tang on IL-23/IL-17 Pathway in TNBS-induced Colitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟宏罡; 邹颖; 戴世学; 郑学宝

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察黄芩汤对2,4,6-三硝基苯磺酸(TNRS)诱导的结肠炎大鼠白细胞介素23(IL-23)/白细胞介素17(IL-17)通路的影响.方法:将32只大鼠随机分为正常对照组、TNBS结肠炎组、TNBS+黄芩汤治疗组(1.2 g·kg-1)、TNBS+美沙拉嗪治疗组(10 mL·kg-1,ig),每组8只.除正常对照组外,其余各组均应用2,4,6-三硝基苯磺酸(TNBS)灌肠法建立结肠炎模型,造模完成后,各组分别按设计剂量连续给药1周.用酶联免疫吸附法(ELISA)分析大鼠血清中白细胞介素17(IL-17)、白细胞介素23(IL-23)的水平,用real-time PCR方法检测大鼠结肠组织中IL-17,IL-17R,IL-23,IL-23R,RORγt的mRNA水平.结果:黄芩汤治疗能有效降低TNBS诱导的结肠炎大鼠血清中IL-17(262.75 ±17.19 ng·L-1和IL-23(56.75 ±6.20) ng·L-1的蛋白水平,降低结肠组织中IL-17 (2.606±0.8),IL-17R(5.33±1.10),IL-23(2.16±0.19),IL-23R(3.34±0.70),RORγt(0.74±0.17)的mRNA水平.结论:黄芩汤能有效的调节TNBS诱导的结肠炎大鼠IL-23/IL-17通路,这可能是其治疗结肠炎的免疫机制之一.%Objective: To evaluate the effects of Huangqin Tang on the IL-23/IL-17 pathway in 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid ( TNBS) -induced colitis model. Method: SD rats were distributed into four group, containing TNBS-induced colitis, Huangqin Tang ( 1. 2 g ·kg -1 ) or mesalazine treatment group ( 10 mL · kg-1,ig) , negative control with no treatment and the last one was normal sham rats. Except for control group, experimental colitis was induced by rectal instillation of 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) into rats. Drugs were given intragastrically for one week in each group continuously according to respectively-designed doses. The protein expressions of IL-17 and IL-23 in serum were determined by ELISA. The mRNA expressions of IL-17 , IL-23, IL-17R, IL-23R and ROR-yt were determined by Real-time PCR. Result: Huangqin Tang markedly attenuated TNBS-induced colitis and effectively

  19. Protective effect of Xuefu Zhuyu Tang on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion%血府逐瘀汤对缺血再灌注心肌的保护作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭放; 彭嘉灏; 邢杨波; 唐伟良; 杨芳芳; 郭航远

    2013-01-01

    目的 观察不同配比的血府逐瘀汤后处理对缺血再灌注心肌的保护作用.方法 纳入冠状动脉粥样硬化性心脏病并行经皮冠状动脉介入(PCI)的患者120例,随机分为对照组(n=30)和血府逐瘀汤后处理组(n=90),后处理组又按桃仁、红花不同配比分为1:1组(n=30)、4:3组(n=30)和3:4组(n=30),对照组患者PCI术前术后均采用常规药物治疗,后处理组在采用常规药物治疗基础上于PCI术前3d起连续应用血府逐瘀汤至PCI术后4d,每天2次.检测PCI术后各组患者心肌酶(CK、CK-MB)峰值变化及超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)和丙二醛(MDA)水平,观察术后24h内心律失常发生率,并统计术后3个月主要心血管不良事件(包括心源性死亡、再发心肌梗死、再发心绞痛、心力衰竭)发生率.结果 血府逐瘀汤后处理组心肌酶峰值及MDA明显低于对照组(P<0.05)、SOD明显高于对照组(P<0.01),术后24h心律失常和3个月内主要心血管不良事件发生率低于对照组(P<0.01),进一步对比不同配比的血府逐瘀汤后处理结果,发现桃仁/红花4:3组疗效最佳.结论 血府逐瘀汤后处理对PCI术后的心肌具有保护作用,可改善患者预后,其中以桃仁与红花4:3疗效最佳.%Objective To observe the protective effect of postconditioning of Xuefu Zhuyu Tang with different compositions on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. Methods The patients ( n=120 ) with coronary heart disease ( CHD ) and intervened by percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI ) were randomly divided into control group ( n =30 ) and Xuefu Zhuyu Tang postconditioning group ( postconditioning group, n=90 ) , and the latter was divided again into 1:1 group, 4:3 group and 3:4 group ( each n=30 ) according to different proportions of Taoren ( Semen Persicae ) and Honghua ( Flos Carthami ) . The control group was treated with routine drugs before and after PCI, and postconditioning group was continuously given Xuefu Zhuyu Tang twice

  20. 三拗汤加味治疗呼吸性疾病效应物质部位的分离提取研究%Research of Extracting and Separating on the Bio-active Fractions Which Treat Respiratory Diseases in San-ao Tang Jiawei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲; 张婷婷

    2011-01-01

    Objective: We research the extracting and separating on the bio-active fractions which treat respiratory diseases in Sanao tang jiawei. Methods: Sanao tang jiawei ( 19.08kg ) was extracted by boiling water and collecting the essential oil, then concentrate the decoction under reduced pressure, add 95% ethanol in the concentration, the solution was filtered, and ethanol was removed under reduced pressure. The resulting solution was partitioned by cyclohexane ( four times ),ethyl acetate ( three times ),and n-butyl alcohol ( seven times ) in order. Eventually eight fractions was obtained. Results: Concents between Sanao tang jiawei. Conclusion: The research establish the foundation for analyzing and separating the bio-active fractions of Sanao tang jiawei and systematically evaluating their biological activities.%目的:对三拗汤加味治疗呼吸性疾病效应物质部位进行分离提取研究.方法:将三拗汤加味(原药材总计19.08kg)进行水煎煮并挥发油提取,得到挥发油部分和水提液部分.将水提液浓缩后醇沉,醇溶液回收溶剂至无醇后,依次用环己烷(4次)、乙酸乙酯(3次)、正丁醇(7次)萃取,最后共得到8个部分样品.结果:得到三拗汤加味各部分含量.结论:本研究为三拗汤加味效应物质部位的进一步成分分析和分离,系统效应评价等奠定了基础.

  1. Clinical Research of Transient Ischemic Attack Treated by Zhuyu Huatan Qingmai Tang%逐瘀化痰清脉汤治疗短暂性脑缺血发作临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张贵玉

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察逐瘀化痰清脉汤治疗短暂性脑缺血发作(transient ischennic attack,TIA)的临床疗效.方法:110例TIA患者随机(用随机数字表法,按照就诊顺序)分为两组.对照组50例,采用拜阿司匹林100 mg·d-1,口服;5%葡萄糖(糖尿病患者使用生理盐水)250 mL+脉络宁针20mL,1次·d-1,静脉滴注.治疗组60例,在对照组治疗方法的同时,给予逐瘀化痰清脉汤治疗,200 mL·d-1,2次·d-1,口服.治疗期间,所有患者均给予低盐、低脂饮食,戒烟忌酒,并针对病因进行降压、降脂、降血糖等基础治疗,2组均以14 d为1疗程.结果:对照组50例,基本痊愈25例,显效13例,有效6例,无效6例,有效率为88.00%:治疗组60例,基本痊愈32例,显效21例,有效6例,无效1例,有效率为98.33%.两组有效率比较,差异有统计学意义(x2=4.887,P=0.027).结论:逐瘀化痰清脉汤治疗短暂性脑缺血发作疗效满意.%Objective;To observe the clinical research of transient ischemic attack treatment by zhuyu huatan qingmai tang. Methods: 110 patients with transient ischemic attack were randomly (with random digital table method, according to the doctors' office visiting order) divided into two groups. 50 cases in control group received oral aspirin 100 mg ? D"1 and 5% glucose (diabetes patients use physiological saline) 250 mL with mai luo ning needle 20 mL by intravenous drip once a day. 60 cases in treatment group received zhu yu hua tan qing mai tang 200 mL ? D-1 for two times a day based on the same method of control group. All patients are given low salt, low fat diet while avoiding alcohol and smoking. Both are given pressure release,reducing blood fat and low sugar treatment aiming at causes for 14 days as one course. Results:The effective rate of 50 cases in control group is 88.00% ,25 cases is basic recovery,powerfully in 13,effective in 6 and not in 6. The effective rate of 60 cases in treatment group is 98.33% ,32 cases is basic recovery ,21 cases

  2. Study of Sijunzi Tang on the Pathogenicity due to Candia Infection in the Mice of Spleen Deficiency%四君子汤对脾虚小鼠感染念珠菌的致病性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴艳梅; 邓虎; 马贤德; 韩晓伟; 孙宏伟; 谭健; 关洪全

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the changes of body immunity after the lavage of sijunzi tang in the mice after candida infection at the condition of spleen deficiency. Methods Fifty mice were randomized into a control group(A group),a spleen - deficiency model group(B group),a spleen deficiency + candida group (C group),a spleen deficiency + candida + fluconazole(D group)and a spleen deficiency + candida + sijunzi tang group(E group),10 mice in each one. Except the A group,the compound factors were adopted to pre-pare spleen deficiency mice models in the rest groups. After candida infection,the viable bacterial count in the kidney and stool was determined and the morphologic changes of intestinal mucosa were observed under light microscope. Results As compared with the A group,the viable bacterial count in stool was increased apparently in the B group(P < 0. 05)and the structural changes in some villus and organelle of the small in-testine epithelium were more apparent. In comparison between the C and E groups,the viable bacterial count in the kidney and stool was reduced apparently(P < 0. 01),the structure of villus of small intestine epitheli-um was recovered,the enteraden was well arranged,submucous structure was complete basically and the con-gestion and edema were not found. Conclusion The immunity is reduced after candida infection in the mice of spleen deficiency. Sijunzi tang benefits qi,strengthens the spleen and improves the body immunity so that to treat the disease.%目的:研究脾虚时经口感染白念珠菌后经四君子汤灌胃治疗后机体免疫力的变化情况。方法将50只小鼠随机分为对照组(A 组)、脾虚模型组(B 组)、脾虚+白念珠菌组(C 组)、脾虚+白念珠菌+氟康唑组(D 组)、脾虚+白念珠菌+四君子汤组(E 组),每组10只。除 A 组外,其余组别采取复合因素制造脾虚小鼠模型,经口感染白念珠菌,测定小鼠肾脏内和粪便中活菌菌数,观察脾虚小

  3. Clinical Observation on Treatment of 80 Cases with Rapid Arrhythmia by JiLian WenXin Tang%己连稳心汤治疗快速心律失常80例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段乃荣; 刘召

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy and functional mechanism of JiLian WenXin Tang in treating rapid arrhythmia. Methods:All 150 cases were randomly assigned into 80 cases of treatment group and 70 cases of control group. The treatment group was given JiLian WenXin Tang, one dose a day, the control group was administered Betaloc, 25mg for twice a day. The clinical effects, the changes of subjective symptoms, heart rates and rhythms in patients of the two groups were observed and compared after continual four-week treatment. Results:The total efficiency rate of the treatment group was 96.25%, while that of the control group was 82.86%, the difference between the two groups had statistical meaning (P<0.05). The subjective symptoms of two groups after treatment improved significantly in the comparison of those symptoms before treatment and the improvement of treatment group was better than that of control group (P<0.05);The heart rates and rhythms of two groups had significant im-provement after treatment and the differences between them had marked significance (P<0.05). Results: JiLian WenXin Tang can raise the supply of myocardial oxygen, improve the conducting function and removing blood sta-sis, make the membrane voltage of myocardial cells stable, reduce the self-discipline of myocardial cells, extend the action potential duration and effective refractory period, eliminate the turn-back impulse, reduce the parallel shrink-age, inhibit the secondary touches as well as effectively treat the rapid arrhythmia.%目的:探讨己连稳心汤治疗快速心律失常的临床疗效及作用机制。方法:将快速心律失常患者150例随机分为治疗组80例和对照组70例,治疗组患者予己连稳心汤,1剂/d,对照组予倍他乐克,25 mg/d,分2次服。两组均连续治疗4周后观察患者临床效果及主观症状、心率、心律的变化情况。结果:治疗组总有效率为96.25%,对照组为82.86%,2组比

  4. Clinical study of treatment of chronic eczema by modified Taohong SiwuTang%加味桃红四物汤治疗慢性湿疹临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹毅; 王友力; 陶茂灿; 罗宏宾; 王莉

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical effect of modified Taohong Siwu Tang and the mechanism in the treatment of chronic eczema.Methods: According to strict inclusion criteria, 100 patients with blood deficiency and wind-dryness chronic eczema were randomly divided into treatment group and control group equally.The treatment group took modified Taohong Siwu Tang orally, and the control group took cetirizine orally.The improvement of eczema skin lesions were observed with PASI score before and after four weeks of the treament, as well as indicators of serum SOD and MDA changes were tested.Results: The clinical improvement of chronic eczema in treatment group (the total effective rate was 82.00%) was significantly higher than that in control group (the total effective rate was 52.00%), and serum SOD was higher than before treatment, MDA was lower than before treatment (P<0.01).Conclusion: Modified Taohong Siwu Tang could effectively improve the clinical symptoms and signs of chronic eczema, and its mechanism was likely to reduce the content of serum MDA and to increase the content of serum SOD,which improved the oxidative state to play the therapeutic effects.%目的:观察加味桃红四物汤治疗慢性湿疹的疗效,以及治疗慢性湿疹的作用机制.方法:严格根据血虚风燥型慢性湿疹的纳入标准选取100例患者,随机分为治疗组和对照组,每组50例,治疗组给予加味桃红四物汤内服,对照组给予西替利嗪口服,4周后分别观察皮损EASI(eczema area and severity index)评分改善情况,以及血清超氧化物歧化酶(superoxide dismutase,SOD)及丙二醛(maleic dialdehyde,MDA)指标的变化情况.结果:加味桃红物汤治疗组总有效率(82.00%)明显高于对照组(52.00%),且血清SOD高于治疗前,MDA低于治疗前(P<0.01).结论:加味桃红四物汤能有效改善慢性湿疹的临床症状和体征,其机制可能是降低血MDA、升高血清SOD以改善机体氧化状态起到治疗作用.

  5. 除湿液化汤联合前列安栓治疗精液液化异常的临床观察%Clinical Observation of Abnormal Sperm Liquefaction Treated with Chushi Yehua Tang and Qianlieanshuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王旭初; 郑加涛

    2013-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical efficacy on abnormal sperm liqueiaction treated with chushi yehua tang and qianlieanshuan. Methods One hundred and twenty patients of abnormal sperm liqueiaction were randomized into a treatment group( 60 cases )and a control group( 60 cases ). They were treated with the allied therapy of chushi yehua tang and qianlieanshuan and single application of qianlieanshuan respectively. One session of treatment was 30 days. The two sessions were observed continuously. The sperm liquefaction time and the other parameters were recorded. Results After two sessions of treatment, 11 cases were cured,27 cases effective remarkably, 16 cases effective and 6 cases failed in the treatment group;4 cases were cured, 12 cases effective remarkably, 14 cases effective and 30 cases failed in the control group. The difference in the total effective rate was significant statistically between the two groups( P 0. 05 ). Conclusion The allied therapy of chushi yehua tang and qianlieanshuan shortens significantly sperm liquefaction time. It achieves the significant, safe and reliable effects on abnormal sperm liquefaction.%目的 观察除湿液化汤联合前列安栓治疗精液液化异常的临床疗效.方法 将120例精液液化异常的患者,随机分为治疗组60例,对照组60例,分别选用除湿液化汤联合前列安栓和单独应用前列安栓作为治疗方法,30 d为1个疗程,连续观察2个疗程,记录精液液化时间及其他参数变化情况.结果 2个疗程后,治疗组痊愈11例,显效27例,有效16例,无效6例;对照组痊愈4例,显效12例,有效14例,无效30例,两组总有效率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).治疗组精液密度、精子活力、液化时间与治疗前比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);治疗组明显优于对照组,各项指标差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);治疗后两组EPS中WBC含量比较治疗组优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).治疗后两

  6. FengYin Tang in Treating 47 Patients with Perimenopause of Liver-Yang Hyperactivity Pattern%风引汤治疗肝阳上亢型绝经综合征47例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李江慧; 曹保利

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To survey therapeutic effects of modified FengYin Tang in treating perimenopause of liver-Yang hyperactivity pattern. Methods:Ninety-four patients were allocated to the observation group and the con-trol group randomly, 47 cases of the observation group took modified FengYin Tang and the control group Xin-ShenAn capsule. Curative effects of both groups, the improvements of TCM syndrome, the changes of follicle-stimu-lating hormone (FSH), leuteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol (E2) were observed. Results:Total effective rate of the observation group was 93.62%, higher than 80.85%of the control group, the difference had statistical meaning (P0.05). After treating, the levels of E2, FSH and LH in both groups were notably improved (P0.05), the difference had statistical meaning in FSH and E2 after treating (P<0.05). Conclusion:FengYin Tang indicates the advantages of improving the symptoms and internal secretion of the patients suffering from perimenopause of liver-Yang hyperactivity pattern without obvious adverse reaction.%目的:观察风引汤加减治疗肝阳上亢型绝经综合征的临床疗效。方法:选择94例肝阳上亢型绝经综合征门诊患者,随机分为观察组与对照组。观察组47例给予风引汤加减治疗,对照组47例给予心神安胶囊。观察2组临床疗效、中医证候的改善情况及血清中卵泡刺激素(FSH)、促黄体生成激素(LH)及雌二醇(E2)的水平变化。结果:总有效率观察组为93.62%,对照组为80.85%,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组改善烘热汗出、烦躁易怒、眩晕耳鸣、胁肋胀满、皮肤干燥、阴道干涩、悲伤欲哭、口苦咽干等症状的疗效优于对照组(P<0.05);对照组改善腰膝酸软的症状疗效优于观察组(P<0.05);其余症状2组比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。治疗后E2、FSH、LH水平2组均明显改善(P<0.05);LH治疗后组间比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0

  7. 莱菔承气汤对重症急性胰腺炎合并肺损伤的治疗作用%Therapeutic effect of Laifuchengqi Tang on severe acute pancreatitis associated lung injury patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于建楠; 寇丽; 王简; 刘健; 尤胜义

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe effect of Laifuchengqi Tang on severe acute pancreatitis associated lung injury patients.Methods 61 cases of severe acute pancreatitis patients were randomly divided into the control group and Chinese medicine treatment group,Chinese medicine treatment group was based on conventional treatment to pile Laifuchengqi Tang enema,two groups of patients,observed the imaging examination,coagulation function,arterial blood gas analysis index,blood amylase,urine amylase,body temperature,white blood cells count,exhaust time,first to defecate time and APACHE Ⅱ score changes.Results The same time Chinese medicine treatment group imaging examination index,coagulation function,blood gas analysis index and APACHE Ⅱ score is obviously superior to conventional control group (P<0.05); body temperature,white blood cells count and restore the exhaust defecate rime to the control group significantly shortened (P<0.05).Conclusions Laifuchengqi Tang can greatly improve severe acute pancreatitis patients with lung injury,its mechanism may and promote the recovery of gastrointestinal function.%目的 观察莱菔承气汤对重症急性胰腺炎合并肺损伤的影响.方法 61例重症急性胰腺炎患者随机分为中药治疗组和常规对照组,中药治疗组在常规治疗基础上给予莱菔承气汤灌肠,对比观察两组患者血气分析指标、血尿淀粉酶、凝血功能指标、影像学检查、体温及白细胞计数恢复正常的时间、排气时间、第一次自行排便时间及APACHEⅡ评分的变化.结果 相同时间内中药治疗组凝血功能指标、影像学检查、血气分析指标及APACHEⅡ评分明显优于常规对照组(P<0.05);体温,白细胞计数恢复正常的时间,恢复排气排便的时间较常规对照组明显缩短(P<0.05).结论 莱菔承气汤可明显改善重症急性胰腺炎合并肺损伤患者的状况,其机制可能与促进胃肠功能恢复有关.

  8. 养阴逐瘀汤联合西医常规治疗喉白斑病50例%Treatment for 50 Cases of Laryngeal Leukoplakia with YangYin ZhuYuTang and Conventional Western Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师秀平

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore clinical effects of YangYin ZhuYuTang, western medicine and surgery in treating laryngeal leukoplakia. Method: One hundred patients were randomized into two groups on average. Operation was performed after anesthesia of nasal surface and the patients of both groups were banned from smoking and drinking, administered with ultrasonic atomizing inhalation, once each time, 60 mg/1mL of gentamycin sulfate injection and 5 mg of dexamthasone each time. Observation group received YangYin ZhuYuTang based on the treatment given to control group, one dose per day, taking after breakfast and supper. One session was one month and both groups were treated for two consecutive sessions. Result: Cure rate and total effective rate of observation groups were 84.00% and 98.00%, superior to 70.00% and 88.00% of control group with notable differences (P<0.05). No adverse reaction or complication occurred in both groups. Conclusion: YangYin ZhuYuTang combined with western medicine and surgery can obtain better clinical effects in treating laryngeal leukoplakia without adverse reaction.%目的:观察养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病的临床疗效.方法:将100 例喉白班病患者随机分为2 组,每组50 例.对照组采用鼻腔表面麻醉后进行手术,术后禁烟酒,给予患者超声雾化吸入,1 次/d,每次庆大霉素6 万单位,地塞米松5 mg.观察组在对照组治疗的基础上给予中药养阴逐瘀汤,1 剂/d,早、晚饭后服用.2 组均以1个月为1 个疗程,连续治疗2 个疗程.结果:观察组痊愈率为84.00%,总有效率为98.00%;对照组痊愈率为70.00%,总有效率为88.00%,2 组相比有统计学差异(P<0.05).2 组均未出现或发生不良反应及并发症.结论:养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病临床疗效好,无不良反应.

  9. 唐代百济移民祢氏家族墓志相关问题研究%Research on Related Issues of Baekje Immigrants Mi's Family Epitaphs of Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    拜根兴

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Abstract: So far, unearthed epitaphs in Guo Du Town, Chang'an District, Xi'an, can be identified as Baekje immigrants Mi's family Four epitaphs of the Tang Dynasty. Among them, from Mi Renxiu (祢仁秀), the Baekje third-generation immigrant, his Epitaph can be used to confirm his grandfather Mi Shijin's ( 祢寔进) decisive role in the Tang-Silla Coalition forces (唐罗联军) attacking Baekje; Mi Jun (祢军) Epitaph "Japan" should existing epitaphs historical seen the word "Japan" in advance for more than twenty years; Mi Sushi (祢素土) Epitaph dearly recorded the fact of his father, Mi Shijin Epitaph had not been recorded. As for the "Mi Zhi" of the literature is Mi Shijin or Mi Jun? Why Mi Shijin eventually died in the Huangxian of Laizhou ( 莱州黄县) ? Four epitaphs involved in how to understand the Mi's family ancestors. According to existing historical records, the explanation can be justified. Announcement of Baekje immigrants epitaphs of Mi's family, will play art important role in the study of the Tang Dynasty Baekje immigration history, history of the relationship between ancient Northeast Asian countries.%西安市长安区郭杜镇已出土可以确定为唐代百济移民祢氏家族的四合墓志。其中作为百济第三代移民祢仁秀墓志文,证实其祖父祢寔进在唐罗联军进攻百济过程中起到了决定性作用,祢仁秀的叔祖祢军墓志文中出现"日本"两字,将现有墓志史料所见"日本"两字提前了二十余年,祢仁秀的父亲祢素士墓志文清楚记载了祖父祢寔进墓志中不曾记载的内容。至于文献中出现的祢植到底是祢寔进还是祢军?祢寔进为什么最终行薨莱州黄县?四合墓志中涉及祢氏家族祖先问题如何理解?依据现存史料记载,本文均给予了可以自圆其说的解释。百济移民祢氏家族墓志的公布,对于唐代百济移民史、古代东北亚

  10. Realization of Resource Sharing System for Song-dynasty's Viewpoint of Tang-poem Based on B/S Structure%基于B/S的宋人唐诗观资源共享系统的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨红飞; 王红丽

    2014-01-01

    宋人唐诗观的嬗变与宋诗的发展方面的研究,大部分成就的共享方式是传统的方式。为了更好地对为宋人唐诗观的资料库进行信息化和数字化管理,文中提出了基于B/S架构的资源共享系统的实现方案,为研究者提供个性化信息服务,同时也是对古代文学学科的计算机辅助研究的前瞻性探索。系统分为表示层,业务处理层,数据持久层和数据库层,各个层次具备明确的界限和分工,在处理程序上都有明确的责任,不与其他层混合,具有良好的可扩展性和可维护性。%In the research of Song-dynasty's viewpoint of Tang-poem and Song-poem poetry development,most of the achievements of the sharing way is the traditional way. In order to be informationization and digitalization management for the Song-dynasty's viewpoint of Tang-poem database,a realization project resource sharing system based on B/S structure is put forward,providing the personal infor-mation service for the researchers,which is the prospective exploration of computer aided research in ancient literature. It is a multi-tier system including presentation layer,business layer,data persistence layer and database layer,all levels have clear boundaries and division of labor,on the handler has clear responsibility,do not mix with other layers,and then the system has good extensibility and maintainabili-ty.

  11. Studying on the Daily Life of Lower Classes in Tang Dynasty from You Yang Za Zu%从《酉阳杂俎》看唐代底层民众的日常生活

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    逯慧

    2011-01-01

    唐代是中国历史上的一个辉煌时期,经济、文化、宗教信仰呈现一种多元、开放的特征。在这种大的社会背景下,唐代底层民众的就业渠道增多,有相当数量的民众可以脱离土地凭借劳动力或手艺谋生,经济生活日趋商业化。婚姻生活虽沿袭了讲求门第、重视聘礼的传统,但男女双方尤其是妇女在择偶、离婚、再婚方面的自由度增加,女性意识觉醒。宗教生活兼容并包,既崇佛敬道,也信奉着多种民间信仰。唐代的大国形象以民众对经济的自信.对生活的热爱.对文化的包容展现在世人面前。%Tang Dynasty in Chinese history is a golden age.Its economics,culture and religious beliefs showed pluralistic and open characteristics.In this larger social context,the employment channels of lower classes had been increased.A considerable number of people could be divorced from the land by virtue of labor or skill to make a living.Economic life had become increasingly commercialized.The marriage followed the traditional standard,emphasis on Hierarchy and dowry,but both men and women, especially women, got more freedom in spouse,divorce,remarriage.Women'consciousness strengthens.Religious life,not only worship the Buddha and respect Taoism,also believe in a variety of folk beliefs.The national image of the Tang Dynasty was shown to the world by its people' self-confidence on the economy,love of life,and tolerance of cultures.

  12. Effect of related components of Liuweidihuang Tang on PPARδ level in HepG2 cells%六味地黄汤相关单体对HepG2细胞内PPARδ水平的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘继平; 柳军; 兰洲; 傅强; 马世平; 孔令义

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究六味地黄汤中芍药苷、没食子酸、丹皮酚、梓醇、马钱苷、莫诺苷、桃叶珊瑚苷、23-乙酰泽泻内酯醇B、薯蓣皂苷元9种单体成分对过氧化物酶体增殖激活受体PPARδ水平的影响.方法 通过建立HepG2(人肝癌细胞)细胞高脂模型,降低PPAR δ的水平,再分别给予六味地黄汤中的9种单体成分(3个质量浓度/单体),考察各单体对PPARδ的作用.结果 丹皮酚、薯蓣皂苷元、桃叶珊瑚苷3个单体在不同质量浓度下使PPARδ都有明显的增加,与模型组相比,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),其他单体作用不明显.结论 丹皮酚、薯蓣皂苷元、桃叶珊瑚苷使PPARδ都有明显增加,可能是六味地黄汤降脂的有效成分.%Objective To study the effects of nine components ( paeoniflorin , gallic acid , paeonol, catalpol, loganin , morronisidea , aucubin,23-acctyl-alisma triptolide B and diosgenin) in Liuweidihuang Tang on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ( PPARδ)level. Methods The increased effect of the components at three different concentrations on PPARδ level were investigated in HepG2 ( human hepatoma} cells. Results Paeonol,diosgenin and aucubin at three different concentrations significantly increased the PPARδ level in HepG2 cells compared with the control group (P<0. 01). The other six components had no obvious effect. Conclusion Paeonol,diosgenin and aucubin could increase PPARδ level significantly, and may be the active ingredients of reducing blood fat in Liuweidihuang Tang.

  13. "Family building in inner quarters":Conjugal relationship in Tang families%"立家之道,闺室为重"——论唐代家庭生活中的夫妻关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国刚

    2009-01-01

    Conjugal relationship has a predominant role in ancient Chinese familial life.Yet most researches on conjugal relationship have tended to focus on the arrangement of marriage,disregarding marital life after wedding.It is the general impression that matrimonial relation follows the ethics of Confucian doctrine of"the husband as principle of the wife,"or relevant code of laws like "Seven Outs,"edited according to these principles.There are three factors that contribute to marital relationship in the Tang Dynasty:ideology,ethics,and written laws.Although written laws are influenced by Confucian ideology.and hence following Confucian system of manners,on the practical level,ordinance still appears as the most reliable source to analyze familial relationships.People in the Tang Dynasty stress family status when they marry wives,yet when marrying concubines,versatility is of interest.Whereas records in official history documents and epitaphs are not entirely accountable,the complicated relationships between husband and wife,husband and concubine.and that betweenwifeand concubine need to be further illustrated.%夫妻关系在中国古代家庭生活中具有核心意义.历来研究夫妻关系,主要着重于婚姻的缔结,而结婚之后的夫妻生活反而受到漠视,一般印象总为"夫为妻纲"的儒家伦理教条或者依据这些教条编纂的"七出"之类法典所笼罩.规范唐代夫妻关系的因素,有意识形态、道德习俗、成文法律三个层面.在家庭关系中,尽管成文法律受到儒家正统意识形态的支配,贯彻着儒家礼制文化精神,然而在实际生活层面,人伦常情仍然是判断实际生活中的家庭亲情关系的最可靠依据,唐人娶妻讲究门户,纳妾则重于才艺.唐代夫妻之间以及夫妾、妻妾之间的复杂关系,需要从多方面加以描述,不可完全轻信正史与墓志的记载.

  14. 玉液汤联合阿卡波糖治疗糖耐量减低(IGT)患者临床观察%Yuye Tang Joint Acarbose Treatment of IGT in Patients with Clinical Observation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张王孝

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察玉液汤联合阿卡波糖治疗IGT患者的临床疗效.方法:将120例符合标准的IGT患者随机分为两组,每组60例,两组患者无显著差异,具有可比性.两组都给予饮食和运动干预,在此基础上,对照组给予阿卡波糖,治疗组给予玉液汤联合阿卡波糖进行治疗.治疗16周,观察治疗前后两组患者的2h OGTT、FPG、FINS、HbA1c,以及脱离IGT状态的达标率.结果:治疗组和对照组患者的2h OGTT、FPG、HbA1c和FINS都显著降低,而治疗组FINS的降低更显著;治疗组患者脱离IGT状态的达标率显著高于对照组.结论:玉液汤联合阿卡波糖治疗IGT患者的疗效优于单纯使用阿卡波糖治疗.%Objective : Observe the clinical efficacy of Yuye Tang joint acarbose treatment of IGT patients. Method: 120 patients met the criteria of IGT patients were randomly divided into two groups, each group of 60 cases, patients were no significant differences were comparable. The two groups were given diet and exercise intervention on this basis, the control group were given acarbose treatment group received Yuye soup joint acarbose treatment. 16 weeks of treatment, observation and treatment of two groups of patients before and after 2h of OGTT, FPG and FINS and HbA lc, as well as from the IGT state compliance rate. Result: Treatment group and control group of patients with 2h of OGTT, FPG and HbAlc and FINS are significantly reduced, FINS of the treatment group reduced more significantly, treatment group compliance rate was significantly higher from the IGT state. Conclusion: Yuye Tang acarbose treatment of IGT patients more effective than simply the use of acarbose treatment.

  15. Rewrite of Tang Tingting's"The Woman Warrior"to Chinese Culture%汤亭亭的《女勇士》对中国文化的改写

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟翼

    2015-01-01

    "The Woman Warrior"is a famous Chinese American writer Maxine Hong Kingston is the author of a literary work. This work, once born swept the United States, welcomed by the American people, and won the National Book Award, the Chinese American literature has created a new milestone."The Woman Warrior"is a traditional Chinese culture as the background, through the creation of rewriting some of the ancient Chinese legend, for example, Mulan and other, created a series of images of Chinese women and Chinese women have distinct characteristics but more in line with the aesthetic value of the United States, making it more catered to the tastes of American readers that"the Woman Warrior"in the United States has achieved unprecedented success. By analyzing Tang Tingting's"The Woman Warrior"in the rewrite of the Chinese cul-ture, explore the reasons for the success which the rewriting and the meaning and value to make people more aware of Tang Tingting's"The Woman Warrior".%《女勇士》是著名华裔美国女作家汤亭亭所创作的一部文学作品。这部作品一经出世便风靡美国,深受美国民众的欢迎,并且荣获了美国国家图书奖,在华裔美国文学史上开创了一个新的里程碑。《女勇士》是以中国传统文化为背景,通过创作性的改写一些的中国古代传说,例如,花木兰等,塑造了一系列具有鲜明特色但更符合美国审美价值的中国女性及华裔女性形象,使它更加迎合了美国读者的口味,使《女勇士》在美国取得了空前的成功。本文通过分析汤亭亭的《女勇士》中的对中国文化的改写,探索出其中改写成功的原因以及意义和价值,使人们更加了解汤亭亭的《女勇士》。

  16. 健脾益气汤结合药膳治疗脂肪肝50例临床研究%Clinical Research of Therapy of Jianpi Yiqi Tang with Medicated Diet in Treating Fatty Livers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐冬梅; 韦海霞

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察健脾益气汤结合药膳治疗脂肪肝的临床疗效.方法:将100例脂肪肝患者随机分为治疗组和对照组各50例,治疗组采用健脾益气汤结合药膳治疗,对照组采用常规西药治疗,疗程2个月,观察并比较两组患者治疗前后的临床症状、血脂及B超检查情况,评价综合疗效.结果:治疗组总有效率为92.0%,对照组总有效率64.0%,两组比较差异有显著性意义(P<0.05),治疗组疗效明显优于对照组.两组治疗后丙氨酸转氨酶(ALT)、谷氨酰转肽酶(GGT)、总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)比较,差异均有显著性意义(P<0.05).结论:健脾益气汤结合药膳治疗脂肪肝疗效肯定.%Objective: To observe the curative effect of Jianpi Yiqi Tang Combined with medicated diet in treating fatty liver. Method: A total of 100 patients with fatty liver who were randomized to be divided into 2 groups, 50 for each group. The therapeutic group with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) , The control group with western medicine routine treatment, 2 months later, clinical symptom, Laboratory parameters including glycosylated hemoglobin (HBAjC), fasting serum blood lipid and B-ultrasound were observed to evaluation its clinical effect. Result: The effective rate is 92.0% of the therapeutic group and 64.0% of the control group. There are obvious difference between the groups ( P < 0. 05 ) , the effective of the therapeutic group were evident. There are also obvious difference between the groups in glutamate-pyruvate transaminase ( ALT) , glutamyl transferase (GGT) , total serum cholesterol (TC), serum triglyceride (TG), ( P < 0. 05 ) . Conclusion: Jianpi Yiqi Tang Combined with medicated diet in treating fatty liver are affirmed.

  17. On Embodiment of Decorative Screens and Family Precepts During the Tang and the Song Dynasties%唐宋时期屏风装饰与家训体现发微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋剑平

    2016-01-01

    Screen,having long played the role of“guest performer”in the history of Chinese decoration, serves,in fact,as a foil to the imperial dignity,and spiritual sustenance of scholar officials and literati.The rise and fall of the screen,accompanied by the political interpretation of monarch and people consciousness,is the embodiment of the characteristic imperial or scholar officials'precepts during the Tang and the Song Dynas-ties,and the thought carrier of“self-cultivation,regulating the family,governing the country”.Family pre-cept is the model for the venerable wise men in the family to sermon posterity how to live in the world.Both the Tang and the Song screens and precepts are spiritual carriers of the literati class,with the ultimate goal of educating people or posterity with“self-cultivation,regulating the family,governing the country”.Thus,the two fit highly and complement each other,being representative and typical in Chinese decoration history and family precepts history.%屏风,在中国装饰史里一直扮演了“客串”的角色,其背后衬托的却是皇权的威仪、士大夫与文人雅士的精神寄托;当时屏风的兴衰伴随着君民意识政治转绎,是唐宋时期特有的皇权帝训或士大夫家训鉴戒的体现和“修身、齐家、治国”的思想载体。家训,是家(族)中的德高望重的智者垂训后代子嗣为人处世的范本。唐宋屏风与唐宋家训多为士大夫阶层的精神载体,同样都以教育臣民或子孙“修身、齐家、治国”为终极目标,两者高度契合,相得益彰,在中国装饰史与家训发展史上具有代表性和典型性。

  18. 藏药三果汤散抗氧化有效成分的薄层色谱-生物自显影及HPLC指纹图谱%Preliminary Study for Antioxidant Components of Tibetan Medicine Sanguo Tang San by TLC-bioautograhpy and HPLC Fingerprinting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    德洛; 姚喆; 冀静; 杨继家; 罗尚华; 兰莎; 唐策; 张艺

    2012-01-01

    目的:初步建立藏药三果汤教的HPLC指纹图谱,研究藏药三果汤散的抗氧化活性,初步筛选出三果汤散中抗氧化有效成分.方法:采用薄层色谱-生物自显影技术和1,1-二苯基-2-三硝基苯肼(DPPH)分光光度法对不同来源的三果汤散、单味药对照药材及其中单体成分没食子酸、没食子酸乙酯、鞣花酸、柯里拉京进行抗氧化作用初步测定,并采用高效液相色谱法初步建立了三果汤散的指纹图谱.结果:不同来源的三果汤散的抗氧化作用差异不大,所含化学成分以没食子酸抗氧化作用最强,揭示没食子酸可能是三果汤散抗氧化的主要有效成分之一.结论:该方法准确、简便可行,为进一步探索三果汤散抗氧化有效成分提供了科学依据.%Objective; To evaluate the antioxidant ability and preliminarily screen antioxidant components in Tibetan medicine Sanguo Tang San with TLC-bioautograhpy, HPLC fingerprinting and spectrophotography. Method; The antioxidant ability of Sanguo Tang San from different areas, single herbs and formula's chemical components, including gallic acid, ethyl gallate, ellagic acid and corilagin, were initially evaluated. And then the analysis methods for antioxidant components were established. Result; Sanguo Tang San from different sources had similar antioxidant activity revealed, as well as gallic acid had the best antioxidant activity of all components. It indicated that gallic acid might be one of the major antioxidant active components in Sanguo Tang San from different resources. Conclusion; This method was accurate and reliabile, which supplied scientific basis for further exploring antioxidant components of Sanguo Tang San.

  19. “也”、“亦”在唐代文献中的分布研究——以《近代汉语语法资料汇编》(唐五代卷)中的语料为例%On the Distribution of YE and YI in the Literature of the Tang Dynasty Exemplified by the data in A Collection of Modern Chinese for Grammatical Studies ( Volume of Tang and the Five Dynasties)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立昌

    2011-01-01

    “也”和“亦”在唐五代都是比较常用的表达方式。对《近代汉语语法资料汇编》(唐五代卷)中的语料分析表明,“也”和“亦”在唐五代时期有相同的基本用法,使用基本相同的句法结构和较为相近的语体分布,但二者又表现出不同的特征和功能分布,两种用法互为补充,共同构成当时“也”、“亦”使用的整体轮廓。分析认为“也”与“亦”分布状况与的它们形成发展的历史有关,二者的分布特征预示了“也”、“亦”替换的基本路径。%The use of YE and YI for "too" or "also" in Tang and the Five Dynasties was very common. A study of the use of the two words in some of the legends and stories of the renowned monks of this time showed that they were of similar usages: they were used in similar sentence structures and distributed almost equally in both the narrative and dialogue sections. However, it was also found that the use of the two words showed different syntactical and functional tendencies, with YE being more informal and colloquial and YI more formal and syntactically complex. I argue that the dislribution of YE and Y/in literature of Tang and the Five Dynasties, the consequence of the chronicle change of each, predicts the " route" of replacement of YI by YE in the generations to come.

  20. 龙胆泻肝汤加味治疗高位腰椎间盘突出症临床观察%Clinical observation of "Longdan Xiegan Decoction" in treating high-level lumbar disc hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚健

    2011-01-01

    Objective To observe the curative effect of “Longdan Xiegan Decoction” in treating high-level lumbar disc hernia. Methods Sixty subjects were randomized into two groups: treatment group in which 30 cases were treated with “Longdan Xiegan Decoction” and control group in which 30 cases were treated with “Duhuo Jisheng Decoction”, with a course of one month. Results The total effective rate was 76.7% in the treatment group and 30.0% in the control group, with a difference between them ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusion “Longdan Xiegan Decoction” is quite effective for high-level lumbar disc bernia.%目的 观察龙胆泻肝汤加味治疗高位腰椎间盘突出症的临床疗效.方法 将60例高位腰椎间盘突出症患者随机分为治疗组(30例)和对照组(30例);治疗组服用龙胆泻肝汤加味,对照组服用独活寄生汤加味,疗程1个月.结果 治疗组总有效率为76.7%,对照组为30.0%,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 龙胆泻肝汤加味治疗高位腰椎间盘突出症临床疗效确切.

  1. [Advances on study of treatment of lumbar disk herniation by Chinese medicinal herbs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Xue-juan; Chen, Chao-yang

    2007-02-01

    Lumbar disk herniation (LDH) is a common orthopaedic disorder. Many clinical and basic science researches have been conducted recently on using Chinese medicinal herbs to treat LDH. Literature review reveals that the common basic formulas include Duhuo Jisheng decoction (DHJST), Buyang Huanwu decoction (HYBWT), Shentong Zhuyu decoction (STZYT), Taohong Siwu decoction (THSWT), Yanghe decoction (YHT) and Tongdu Huoxue decoction (TDHXT). A basic formula can be modified by adding more herbs or removing some herbs from the formula according to clinical symptoms and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome differentiation. Literatures show that herbal treatment have better clinical effects, the medicinal herbs make low-back pain, sciatica and low limb numbness disappeared or alleviated; and restore normal low limb sensation, muscle strength and daily activity. These formulas have also been used to treat LDH postoperative remaining pain, postoperative discitis, postoperative recurrent LDH, and to prevent epidural scar formation and dura mata adhesion. Herbs in these formulas include 5 categories of drugs classified by TCM. They are blood circulation promoting herbs for relieving pain; liver and kidney nourishing and tendons and bones strengthening herbs; blood circulation promoting herbs for unblocking collaterals; pathogenic wind and dampness expelling herbs; and qi invigorating herbs. These herbs have actions of analgesia, anti-inflammation, immunomodulation, phagocytosis of macrophages enhancement, blood circulation improvement, nerve protection, collagen synthesis enhancement. Future research needs to focus on the effects of herbs on four aspects: to enhance collagen synthesis in the disks and inhibit disk degeneration; to promote the resorption of herniated nucleus pulposus and epidural hemorrhage; to prevent nerve cell apoptosis and promote nerve cell regeneration, and to inhibit nociception in the nerve system.

  2. Inhibitory Effect of Erhuang Jieyu Tang on Cell proliferation and MMP-2 Expression in HepG2 Cells%二黄解郁汤对肝癌HepG2细胞生长抑制及MMP-2表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊立; 丁月妮

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察二黄解郁汤对肝癌细胞生长抑制作用及对MMP-2表达的影响.方法:分别用不同浓度二黄解郁汤作用不同时间于人肝癌HepG2细胞,以MTT法观察并计算IC50值,荧光显微镜检测HepG2细胞生长情况,Western blot检测HepG2细胞中MMP-2蛋白的表达.结果:二黄解郁汤对HepG2细胞作用24,48和72 h的IC50分别为600,550,150 μg/mL;荧光显微镜下可见细胞内药物绿色荧光,且细胞数量随药物浓度增加而减少;Western blot结果表明,经100,200,400 μg/mL的二黄解郁汤干预的细胞中MMP-2蛋白的表达分别占空白组的(77.3±4.84)%、(56.25±3.31)%、(33.21±7.26)%,呈剂量依赖性下降(P<0.01).结论:二黄解郁汤对肝癌细胞具有明显的抑制作用,其作用可能与抑制MMP-2蛋白的表达有关.%Objective To investigate the inhibitory effect of cell proliferation and expression of MMP-2 by Erhuang Jieyu Tang in HepG2 cells. Methods A serious concentration of 0,40,80,100,200,400,800μg/mL of Erhuang Jieyu Tang were administered on human hepatocellular carcinoma HepC2 cells for 24,48,72 h, IC50 value was detected by MTT. The viability of HepC2 cells with different concentration of Erhuang Jieyu Tang (0,100,200,400μg/mL) for 48 h was detected by fluorescence microscopy directly; the expression of MMP-2 in HepG2 with Erhuang Jieyu Tang was determined by Western blot. Results The IC50 value of HepG2 cells treated with Erhuang Jieyu Tang for 24 h, 48 h and 72 h were 600,550,150 μg/mL, respectively. The viable cells were dramatically decreased; and data also showed that compared with cells without treated, the rate of level of MMP-2 in HepG2 with Erhuang Jieyu Tang were (77. 3 ±4. 84)% , (56. 25 ± 3. 31)% , (33.21 ±7.26)%, in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). Conclusion Erhuang Jieyu Tang could inhibit the proliferation of HepG2 cells,which may correlate with the inhibitory effect on of MMP-2 protein expression.

  3. 唐代金银器社会角色的文化诠释%Cutural interpretation on the social role of the gold and silver products of the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉万里

    2009-01-01

    通过对唐代金银器社会角色的探讨,分析了金银器的社会角色及其所包含的文化内涵.认为以实物探讨当时社会的文化思想,是认识历史的一个重要方法.通过这一方法可以找到人与物之间的结合点,从而更深刻、准确地认识当时社会.%The social role of the gold and silver products during the Tang period was studied and the social role of these products and the cultural meaning were analyzed. Discussing the culture and ideology of the society by using artifacts is an important method, which helps to recognize history. In this way, the connection between human being and artifacts was found thus, we can understand the society of that period more profoundly and exactly.

  4. 汉唐时期产前焦虑症的原因及调节方法%The causes and adjustment methods of prenatal anxiety disorder during the Han and Tang Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁媛; 张如青

    2016-01-01

    Though the title of prenatal anxiety disorder didn ' t mentioned in the literature of the Han and Tang Dynasties, the effect of anxiety on the fetus and its delivery were already recognized. The causes of anxiety were mainly the physical discomfort caused by pregnancy, or the worries about fetus sex, health, appearance, and its fate etc. , or the fear of delivery. Although the adjustment methods were often tainted with superstition, yet it could ease the anxiety of pregnant women to some extent.%汉唐文献中虽未提及"产前焦虑症"这一病症名,但人们已认识到焦虑对胎产的影响.焦虑的原因主要有妊娠所导致的身体不适,或对胎儿的性别、健康、外貌、命运等方面的担忧,抑或是对分娩的恐惧.汉唐时期对产前焦虑症的调节方法虽然常带有迷信色彩,但在一定程度上可以缓解孕产妇焦虑情绪.

  5. 浅谈从化市塘料总灌渠灌区项目的建设管理%The construction and management of the Tang liao’s main canal Irrigated Area in Conghua city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁梦; 黄锦宜

    2014-01-01

    Taking the Tang liao’s main canal Irrigated Area construction in Conghua city as an example, this paper mainly expounds on construction and management of irrigation area, implementing the reform in the system of legal person responsible for project, the system of public bidding for project, the system of construction and supervision and the system of contract management, the principle of"quality system"strictly,While making management after project completion,To ensure better play the role of irrigation project.%以从化市塘料总灌渠灌区工程建设为例,阐述了灌区项目的建设管理,要严格实行项目法人责任制、招标投标制、建设工程监理制、合同管理制和工程质量终身负责制,同时做好工程完工后的管理工作,确保灌区工程更好的发挥作用。

  6. Sip-jeon-dea-bo-tang, a traditional herbal medicine, ameliorates cisplatin-induced anorexia via the activation of JAK1/STAT3-mediated leptin and IL-6 production in the fat tissue of mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Sang-Mi; Choi, Youn Kyung; Kim, Ah-Jeong; Yun, Yee Jin; Shin, Yong Cheol; Cho, Sung-Gook; Ko, Seong Gyu

    2016-04-01

    Despite its therapeutic advantages, chemotherapy can also cause adverse effects, including anorexia and loss of appetite. Although numerous patients with cancer have been reported to suffer from anorexia during or following chemotherapy, treatment options for anorexia remain to be determined. In Asian countries, traditional medicines are widely used to treat problems with appetite; sip-jeon-dea-bo-tang (SJDBT) is one of those medicines used for the treatment of anorexia. The present study demonstrated that SJDBT ameliorated cisplatin-induced anorexia. In a mouse model of chemotherapy-induced anorexia, oral administration of SJDBT prevented the cisplatin-induced reduction of food intake, inhibiting weight loss. The results of multiplex assays showed that SJDBT only altered the levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and leptin in the serum and fat tissue. In addition, SJDBT maintained the serum leptin level and increased the serum IL-6 level, whereas cisplatin reduced the levels of both serum leptin and IL‑6. Furthermore, SJDBT was revealed to increase the levels of leptin and IL-6 in the fat tissue by activating the JAK1/STAT3 signaling pathway. In conclusion, the present results revealed that SJDBT ameliorated cisplatin-induced anorexia, suggesting its usefulness in the prevention of anorexia during chemotherapy.

  7. 周文泉运用当归六黄汤治疗多汗证经验%Experience of ZHOU Wen-quan in treating hyperhidrosis by using Danggui Liuhuang Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晋; 辛莉

    2011-01-01

    周文泉教授是第4批全国老中医药专家学术继承指导老师,从医40余年,对老年病治验颇丰,尤其在遣方用药方面,独具匠心,辨析周师活用当归六黄汤治疗多汗证,灵活运用泻火、固表、滋阴3方面药物,将主治阴虚盗汗名方,广泛应用于暑湿、气虚多汗证,取得了较好的疗效.%Professor ZHOU Wen-quan is famous veteran expert in TCM. He has plenty of experience and notable curative effect in treating senile diseases, especially in distinctively using formulas and Chinese herbal medicine. This article analysis how professor ZHOU to use Dang Gui Liu Huang Tang in treating hyperhidrosis, which not only in yin-deficiency syndrome night sweat as usual, but also in summer-heat and dampness syndrome sweet, qi-deficiency syndrome spontaneous sweat and the efficiency is good.

  8. 34 Patients of CIN Treated with SimiaoYongan Tang by LAN Hong-jiang%兰宏江用四妙勇安汤治疗宫颈上皮内瘤变34例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈帔霞; 姚春雷

    2011-01-01

    Cervical intraepithelial neoplasias is a common clinical gynecological diseases, application of Chinese medicine treatment can receive better efficacy, the author concludes mentor LAN Hong-jiang CIN treatment of two decades of experience.And systematic dialectical classification type, and carries on the grouping to 68 patients of CIN, an application of SimiaoYongan Tang treatment of 34 cases, treatment is better than the control group.%宫颈上皮内瘤变(cervical intraepithelial neoplasias,CIN)是临床常见的妇科疾病,应用中医治疗可以收到较好的疗效,作者总结恩师兰宏江20年来对CIN治疗心得,并进行系统的辨证分型,并对68例CIN患者进行分组,应用四妙勇安汤治疗的34例,治疗效果优于对照组.

  9. 刘凤学唐乐舞训练与表演特征初探%On Features in Music and Dance of Tang Dynasty Choreographed by Liu Fengxue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超

    2011-01-01

    本文结合台湾刘凤学教授重建唐乐舞的研究和实践进行了较为深入的分析和探讨,从气息运用、基本体态、动态特征、服饰的特殊性等几个层面展开论述,梳理出三种最常见的身体形态和颇具共性的动态特征,阐释了刘凤学唐乐舞训练与表演在姿态和运动轨迹中所呈现出的不同特色,并总结了刘凤学舞蹈作品的创作风格与内在的审美追求,及其对唐代乐舞的创作实践和理论研究做出的有益探索。%This study aims to exposit music and dance of Tang Dynasty aesthetics and dynamic feature through instance of dance works choreographed by Liu Fengxue.This essay focuses on several aspects such as the role of breath,basic posture,dynamic feature,and dress

  10. 汤斌传论--以«墓志铭»为中心的考察%The Biography of Tang Bin:the research about his Epitaph

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘万华

    2014-01-01

    汤斌是清初的经济名臣与理学大儒,一生勤政爱民,廉洁刚正。政治上,能够选贤任能,兴利除弊;学术上,力行实践,摒除门户之见;生活上,艰苦自持,严律家人。故而成为清初著名的廉吏、理学家、史学家,才兼三长,著述等身。%Tang Bin is a famous minister and scholar in the early years of the Qing dynasty.He worked hard in the politics,and loved the people in his life.Politically he promoted the beneficial and abolished the harmful.Academically he practiced practice and give up forfeiting.He had hard life with self sustaining,being strict with families.All these characters made him a famous clean official,neo-Confucianism and histo-rians in Qing dynasty.He also left us life-size writings.

  11. Ideological and Cultural Implications behind the Image of the Underworld Officials in the Tang Novels%唐人小说中冥官形象背后的思想文化意蕴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程广昌

    2016-01-01

    唐人小说中冥界题材的作品是这一时期构成小说高峰的重要部分,在这些冥界题材的作品中,众多的地府冥官形象成为反映当时社会现实的重要角色,而在这些冥官穿插的一个个故事中体现出的和世俗世界相差无几的地府“风气”不禁会让人们产生对现实阴暗的愤慨。程。%The underworld theme works in Tang novels constitute an important part of the novel peak in this period. In these works, many of the underworld officials image could be a kind of important role that reflect the social reality, And these underworld officials interspersed are these stories are almost the same to the secular world that can not help but make people produce indignation for the real dark.

  12. An Analysis on the Livelihood in Values of Poems Middle and Late concerning People' s Tang Dynasty%中晚唐民生诗价值取向透析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑杰; 徐祝林

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: The poems concerning people's livelihood in middle and late Tang Dynasty are quite plain, but very profound in their content. So they are unique in style and have abnormal values which lie in the following: sympathy for people's suffer- ing, exposition of social darkness and criticism of corruption, real record of history in simple style, profound comparison and poignant sarcasm.%中晚唐民生诗虽质木无文、朴实无华,但意境深邃、独树一帜,具有不寻常的价值取向。其价值取向主要体现在:观照生存现状,怜悯民众疾苦;揭露黑暗现实,抨击腐朽时政;实录历史画卷,风格简朴厚重;对比言近旨远,讽刺人木三分等。

  13. 论初唐诸杰在律体定型中的作用%On functions of poets of early Tang Dynasty in forming of metrical pattern of poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟

    2011-01-01

    律体定型是唐代文学中最为重要的事件之一。沈俭期、宋之问历来被认为是律诗的最终完成者,但近年来四杰、文章四友等人在其中的作用也备受关注。从对其诗作在篇制、用韵等方面的比较结果来看,杜审言、李峤完成了律诗的初步定型,而沈、宋促使律体全面成熟。%Forming of metrical pattern of poetry is one of the most important events in the Tang Dynasty. Shen Quanqi and Song Zhiwen are considered those who eventually completed metrical pattern of poetry. In recent years, Four-talented Poets and Four Literary Friends' functions in this process also receive much concern. By comparing their poetry in terms of literary genre and rhyme, it can be concluded that Du Shenyan and Li Qiao completed the metrical pattern of poetry preliminarily and Shen-song promoted the process more perfectly.

  14. Screening the Effective Parts from Baihu Chengqi Tang on Antipyretic Effect%白虎承气汤解热作用有效部位群的筛选

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张超云; 黄显章; 郝鹏飞; 毛秉豫

    2013-01-01

    目的:初步筛选白虎承气汤解热作用的有效部位群.方法:筛选健康大鼠104只,随机分为13组,即A,B1,B2,C1,C2,D1,D2,E1,E2,F1,F2,G1,G2组,每组8只,其中A组为正常对照组.B1,C1,D1,E1,F1,G1组分别ip脂多糖(LPS)(20 μg· kg-1),诱发动物发热,造模后2h,ig给予,C1,D1,E1,F1,G1组大鼠分别用白虎承气汤挥发油部位、石油醚部位、乙酸乙酯部位、正丁醇部位、水部位按20 mL·kg ig(折合生药为18.6 g·kg-1),B1组ig等容积的生理盐水,并于ip LPS后2,3,4,6,8h时测量体温.B2,C2,D2,E2,F2,G2组分别sc 20%干酵母混悬液(10 mL·kg-1),诱发动物发热,造模后3h,ig给予C2,D2,E2,F2,G2组大鼠分别用挥发油部位、石油醚部位、乙酸乙酯部位、正丁醇部位、水部位按20 mL·kg-1灌胃(折合生药为18.4 g·kg-1),B2组ig等容积的生理盐水,并于注射酵母菌混悬液后3,4,5,7,9h时测量体温.并通过上述方法对5个不同提取部位进行药效学筛选.结果:白虎承气汤正丁醇部位和水部位对发热大鼠具有显著解热效果(P<0.05),并能持续5h,而挥发油部位、石油醚部位、乙酸乙酯部位对此作用不显著.结论:初步排除挥发油部位、石油醚部位和乙酸乙酯部位,并初步确定白虎承气汤解热作用的有效部位群为正丁醇部位和水部位.%Objective:To screen the effective parts from Baihu Chengqi Tang for antipyretic effect.Method:The rats were allotted into 13 groups as following:A (normol group),B1,B2,C1,C2,D1,D2,E1,E2,F1,F2,G1,G2,the first rat febrile models was induced by injecting lipopolysaccharide (LPS,20 μg · kg-1) intraperitonealy and treating with five parts from Baihu Chengqi Tang (18.6 g ·kg-1) after two hours.The second rat febrile models were induced by injecting 20% fresh yeast subcutaneously 10 mL·kg-1 and treating with five parts from Baihu Chengqi Tang after two hours.Then the rectal temperature was monitored to show the differences of effect from those groups

  15. Xiang-Qi-Tang and its active components exhibit anti-inflammatory and anticoagulant properties by inhibiting MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways in LPS-treated rat cardiac microvascular endothelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Chang-Liang; Yi, Peng-Fei; Fan, Qiao-Jia; Shen, Hai-Qing; Jiang, Xiao-Lin; Qin, Qian-Qian; Song, Zhou; Zhang, Cui; Wu, Shuai-Cheng; Wei, Xu-Bin; Li, Ying-Lun; Fu, Ben-Dong

    2013-04-01

    Xiang-Qi-Tang (XQT) is a Chinese herbal formula containing Cyperus rotundus, Astragalus membranaceus and Andrographis paniculata. Alpha-Cyperone (CYP), astragaloside IV (AS-IV) and andrographolide (AND) are the three major active components in this formula. XQT may modulate the inflammatory or coagulant responses. We therefore assessed the effects of XQT on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory model of rat cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (RCMECs). XQT, CYP, AS-IV and AND inhibited the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and up-regulated the mRNA expression of Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2). XQT and CYP inhibited the secretion of tissue factor (TF). To further explore the mechanism, we found that XQT, or its active components CYP, AS-IV and AND significantly inhibited extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 phosphorylation protein expression as well as decreased the phosphorylation levels of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) p65 proteins in LPS-stimulated RCMECs. These results suggested that XQT and its active components inhibited the expression of inflammatory and coagulant mediators via mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPKs) and NF-κB signaling pathways. These findings may contribute to future research on the action mechanisms of this formula, as well as therapy for inflammation- or coagulation-related diseases.

  16. Metabonomic study on Siwu Tang in radiation-induced blood deficient mice%四物汤对辐射致血虚证小鼠作用的代谢组学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马增春; 霍超; 周思思; 邵帅; 梁乾德; 王宇光; 谭洪玲; 肖成荣; 高月

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To study the radiation-induced Wood deficiency and the combination of prescription and syndrome of Siwu Tang using ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupoles-time of flight mass spectrometer (UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS), in order to discover the changes in metabolic profiles of blood deficient mice induced by radiation, and clarify the relationship between blood deficient syndrome and the mechanism of Siwu Tang. Method: Thirty six C57 mice were randomly divided into three groups: the control group and the model model groups and the Siwu Tang group. The model was established by general irradiation with 3.5Gy60 Coy ray. The animals were sacrificed on the 7th day after radiation and their blood, spleens and thymus were collected and detected using UP1X-ESI-Q-TOF/MS. MarkerLynx XS software was adopted to identify chromatographic peaks in the total ion chromatogram. Data was processed by making principal component analysis and analyzed by orthogonal partial least squares method among these groups, in order to rapidly identify marks through pattern recognition and analysis. Result: Compared with the control group, lysophosphatide, glucosiduronic acid, monoacylglycerol, erythronic acid, ceramide, aspartate phosphate ester, glyceryl phosphatide were obviously changed in the sera of the model group. Monoacylglycerol, ceramide, lysophosphatide, hydroxybutyric acid, palmitinic acid, 3-hydrox-y-stearic acid, diethylarginine, neuraminic acid, phosphatidylserine were found in metabolites of their spleens. Methyladenosine, sitos-terol, carnitine, phosphatidylinositol, pbosphatidylethanolamine, diglyceride, dimethylargiiune, ceramide, hydroxybutyric acid, cholesterol were found in thymus of the model group. Conclusion: Analysis on physiological functions of these biological markers show that radiation could induce the disorder of the metabolism of lipoid and carbohydrate and affect the synthesis of some amino acids, and Siwu Tang can reverse these effects.%目的:基

  17. The cultural dissemination significance of TV reality show--Tang Poetry as example%浅析电视真人秀节目的文化传播意义--以《唐诗风云会》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹

    2016-01-01

    “真人秀”节目从西方电视媒体开始,经历的高度集中的发展,以惊人的速度在中国电视上发展壮大。在当今中国真人秀节目高度密集的情况下,如何利用真人秀节目进行对外文化传播,传播中国传统文化。文章通过对陕西卫视《唐诗风云会》节目的分析,总结了节目成功的基本要素。%The "reality show" program starts from the Western TV media, has experienced a high concentration of development, with amazing speed in the development of China's television. Chinese reality show highly intensive, how to use the reality show to carry out foreign cultural communication, spread traditional Chinese culture. This paper analyzes the Shaanxi satelite TV's "Tang poetry" program, summarizes the basic elements of the success of the program.

  18. The Sogdian Trade Caravan Traveled Between Liu Hu Zhou and LuoYang in Tang Dynasty%唐代六胡州、洛阳间的粟特商队

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳东

    2015-01-01

    The Liu Hu Zhou trade caravan is still at work on long distance trade in Tang Dynasty.Shi Zhou attracts the caravan to live there for its traffic hub position,economic hinterland superiority condition.The trade route starting from Liu Hu Zhou, passing Shi Zhou and finally arriving at Luo Yang is in a good condition to travel. Wu Ding River Valley, Fen River Valley, and the influx of husbandry, towns, and traffic have provided great convenience for long distant trade. Further, the image of caravan Zoroastrian gods comes from here.%唐代六胡州仍保持着经商的传统,从事着远程长途贸易。石州因着地理交通的便利,经济腹地的支撑,吸引了大量六胡州粟特商队前来定居,形成聚落。从六胡州出发,经石州水陆转运,通往洛阳的商路十分畅通,无定河谷、汾河谷道中,农牧业、城镇、交通的汇集,为远程商贸的展开提供了便利,骆驼祆神形象就诞生在这条路上。

  19. 唐代端午诗中的节俗文化及其蕴含的人文关照%Festival Culture and Humanistic Care in Poems of Dragon Boat Festival in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于巧

    2015-01-01

    The Dragon Boat Festival started in the Spring & Autumn period and the Warring States period. It had two thousand years history. The Tang Dynasty is a transitional phase in the development of the Dragon Boat Festival. There is a vivid description of Festival customs from the Dragon Boat poem,such as food,items and activities in Dragon Boat Festival. The perspective of this festival folk culture contains the rich humanistic care,including,treasure and blessing of life,the mourning and sing praises of Qu Yuan,and emotional communication between people.%端午节始于春秋战国时期,时至今日已有两千多年的历史。唐代是端午节发展过程中的一个过渡阶段,从唐代端午诗中我们可以看到唐人对端午节俗的生动描写,有端午饮食、端午节物以及端午社交活动,透视这些节俗文化可见其蕴含着的浓厚的人文关照,不仅有对生命的珍爱和祈愿,对屈原的悼念和歌颂,更有人们之间紧密的情感交流。

  20. Analysis of the Causes of the Fortress Feelings in Longyou Poems in Tang Dynasty%唐代陇右诗歌边塞情怀成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐芳

    2016-01-01

    陇右地处边塞荒寒之地,是典型的“四塞之固”之一塞。陇右独特的地域风光以及唐代诗人们的审美体验,激发了他们的创作灵感,使他们谱写了一曲曲豪迈悲壮的边塞号角曲,其诗歌创作的边塞情怀更成为唐代诗歌中不可忽视的现象之一。究竟原因,则主要表现如下:第一,功名意识;第二,汉代情结;第三,尚武精神。%Longyou ,one of the"four typical solid fortresses",is located at the desolate and cold area .The u‐nique regional scenery of Longyou and the aesthetic experience of poets stimulated their creation inspiration and made them create a great number of fortress poems .Fortress feelings in poem creation became one of the phenomena that could not be ignored in poems of Tang Dynasty .The reasons are as follows :awareness of scholarly honor ,complex of Han Dynasty ,and martial spirit .