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Sample records for double group spinor

  1. THE DOUBLE COUPLING OF THE ASHTEKAR GRAVITATIONAL FIELD TO THE DIRAC SPINORAL FIELDS*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴亚波; 桂元星

    2001-01-01

    By introducing the double spacetime manifold, the double gamma matrices and Dirac spinors, the action of theDirac spinoral fields is doubled. Furthermore, the double coupling of the Dirac fields to the Ashtekar gravitational fields is studied.

  2. Decomposition of spinor groups by the involution {\\sigma}' in exceptional Lie groups

    CERN Document Server

    Miyashita, Toshikazu

    2010-01-01

    The compact exceptional Lie groups F4, E6, E7 and E8 have spinor groups as a subgroup as follows: E8 \\supset Ss(16) \\supset Spin(15) \\supset Spin(14) \\supset Spin(13), E7 \\supset Spin(12) \\supset Spin(11), E6 \\supset Spin(10), F4 \\supset Spin(9) \\supset Spin(8) \\supset Spin(7) \\supset \\cdot \\cdot \\cdot \\supset Spin(1) \

  3. Spinors and Voros star-product for Group Field Theory: First Contact

    CERN Document Server

    Dupuis, Maité; Livine, Etera R

    2011-01-01

    In the context of non-commutative geometries, we develop a group Fourier transform for the Lie group SU(2). Our method is based on the Schwinger representation of the Lie algebra su(2) in terms of spinors. It allows us to prove that the non-commutative R^3 space dual to the SU(2) group is in fact of the Moyal-type and endowed with the Voros star-product when expressed in the spinor variables. Finally, from the perspective of quantum gravity, we discuss the application of these new tools to group field theories for spinfoam models and their interpretation as non-commutative field theories with quantum-deformed symmetries.

  4. Charge quantization emerging from irreducible representations of the gauge group U(1) and local gauge invariance in 2-spinor lenguage

    CERN Document Server

    Buitrago, J

    2014-01-01

    A new classical 2-spinor approach to $U(1)$ gauge theory is presented in which the usual four-potential vector field is replaced by a symmetric second rank spinor. Following a lagrangian formulation, it is shown that the four-rank spinor representing the Maxwell field tensor has a $U(1)$ local gauge invariance in terms of the electric and magnetic field strengths. When applied to the magnetic field of a monopole, this formulation, via the irreducible representations condition for the gauge group, leads to a quantization condition differing by a factor 2 of the one predicted by Dirac without relying on any kind of singular vector potentials.

  5. Classical local U(1) gauge invariance in Weyl 2-spinor lenguage and charge quantization from irreducible representations of the gauge group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buitrago, J.

    A new classical 2-spinor approach to U(1) gauge theory is presented in which the usual four-potential vector field is replaced by a symmetric second rank spinor. Following a lagrangian formulation, it is shown that the four-rank spinor representing the Maxwell field tensor has a U(1) local gauge invariance in terms of the electric and magnetic field strengths. When applied to the magnetic field of a monopole, this formulation, via the irreducible representation condition for the gauge group, leads to a quantization condition differing by a factor 2 of the one predicted by Dirac without relying on any kind of singular vector potentials. Finally, the U(1) invariant spinor equations, are applied to electron magnetic resonance which has many applications in the study of materials.

  6. The theory of spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Cartan, Élie

    1981-01-01

    The French mathematician Élie Cartan (1869-1951) was one of the founders of the modern theory of Lie groups, a subject of central importance in mathematics and also one with many applications. In this volume, he describes the orthogonal groups, either with real or complex parameters including reflections, and also the related groups with indefinite metrics. He develops the theory of spinors (he discovered the general mathematical form of spinors in 1913) systematically by giving a purely geometrical definition of these mathematical entities; this geometrical origin makes it very easy to intr

  7. On Spinors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Lin YU; Lin ZHU; Xiu Hong FENG

    2009-01-01

    For a 2~n-dimensional complex Hermitian vector space S, we prove that any unitary basis of S can be explained as an augmented spinor structure on S. By using this explanation, a Spin~c (2n)-action on S is equivalent to an action on a subset of augmented spinor structures. The latter action is a little easy to be understood, and is shown in the last part of this paper. Such kind of understanding could be of use to the discussions of Hermitian manifolds and spin manifolds, especially could help to find connections and elliptical operators.

  8. Delocalized spinors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manton, N S; Schunck, A F [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

    2004-01-30

    Solutions to the four-dimensional Euclidean Weyl equation in the background of a general JNR N-instanton are known to be normalizable and regular throughout 4-space. We show that these solutions are asymptotically given by a linear combination of simple singular solutions to the free Weyl equation, which can be interpreted as localized spinors. The 'spinorial' data parametrizing the asymptotics of the delocalized solutions to the Weyl equation in the presence of the instanton almost determine the background instanton, yet not completely. However, they capture the geometry and symmetry of the underlying instanton configuration.

  9. Double supergeometry

    CERN Document Server

    Cederwall, Martin

    2016-01-01

    A geometry of superspace corresponding to double field theory is developed, with type II supergravity in D=10 as the main example. The formalism is based on an orthosymplectic extension OSp(d,d|2s) of the continuous T-duality group. Covariance under generalised super-diffeomorphisms is manifest. Ordinary superspace is obtained as a solution of the orthosymplectic section condition. A systematic study of curved superspace Bianchi identities is performed, and a relation to a double pure spinor superfield cohomology is established. A Ramond-Ramond superfield is constructed as an infinite-dimensional orthosymplectic spinor. Such objects in minimal orbits under the OSp supergroup ("pure spinors") define super-sections.

  10. Augmented Spinor Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiuhong FENG; Lin ZHU; Yanlin YU

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, based on the Pauli matrices, a notion of augmented spinor space is introduced, and a uniqueness of such augmented spinor space of rank n is proved. It may be expected that this new notion of spaces can be used in mathematical physics and geometry.

  11. Complex Spinors and Unified Theories

    CERN Document Server

    Gell-Mann, Murray; Slansky, Richard

    2013-01-01

    In this paper delivered by Murray Gell-Mann at the Stony Brook Supergravity Workshop in 1979, several paths to unification are discussed, from N=8 supergravity to $SU_5$, $SO_{10}$, and $E_6$. Generalizations of $SO_{10}$ to spinor representations of larger groups are introduced. A natural mechanism for generating tiny neutrino masses is proposed in the context of $SO_{10}$, and finally, focus on $SU_3$ rather than $SU_2$ or $SO_3$ family symmetries is noted.

  12. Gravitational interaction of hadrons: Band-spinor representations of GL(n,R).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ne'eman, Y

    1977-10-01

    We demonstrate the existence of double-valued linear (infinite) spinorial representations of the group of general coordinate transformations. We discuss the topology of the group of general coordinate transformations and its subgroups GA(nR), GL(n,R), SL(nr) for n = 2,3,4, and the existence of a double covering. We present the construction of band-spinor representations of GL(n,R) in terms of Harish-Chandra modules.It is suggested that hadrons interact with gravitation as band-spinors of that type. In the metric-affine extension of general relativity, the hadron intrinsic hypermomentum is minimally coupled to the connection, in addition to the coupling of the energy momentum tensor to the vierbeins. The relativistic conservation of intrinsic hypermomentum fits the observed regularities of hadrons: SU(6) ( approximately spin independence), scaling, and complex-J trajectories. The latter correspond to volume-preserving deformations (confinement?) exciting rotational bands.

  13. Rotations, quaternions, and double groups

    CERN Document Server

    Altmann, Simon L

    2005-01-01

    This self-contained text presents a consistent description of the geometric and quaternionic treatment of rotation operators, employing methods that lead to a rigorous formulation and offering complete solutions to many illustrative problems.Geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, the book begins with chapters covering the fundamentals of symmetries, matrices, and groups, and it presents a primer on rotations and rotation matrices. Subsequent chapters explore rotations and angular momentum, tensor bases, the bilinear transformation, projective representations, and the g

  14. Composite spinor bundles in gravitation theory

    CERN Document Server

    Sardanashvily, G

    1995-01-01

    In gravitation theory, the realistic fermion matter is described by spinor bundles associated with the cotangent bundle of a world manifold X. In this case, the Dirac operator can be introduced. There is the 1:1 correspondence between these spinor bundles and the tetrad gravitational fields represented by sections of the quotient \\Si of the linear frame bundle over X by the Lorentz group. The key point lies in the fact that different tetrad fields imply nonequivalent representations of cotangent vectors to X by the Dirac's matrices. It follows that a fermion field must be regarded only in a pair with a certain tetrad field. These pairs can be represented by sections of the composite spinor bundle S\\to\\Si\\to X where values of tetrad fields play the role of parameter coordinates, besides the familiar world coordinates.

  15. Parallel spinors on flat manifolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadowski, Michał

    2006-05-01

    Let p(M) be the dimension of the vector space of parallel spinors on a closed spin manifold M. We prove that every finite group G is the holonomy group of a closed flat spin manifold M(G) such that p(M(G))>0. If the holonomy group Hol(M) of M is cyclic, then we give an explicit formula for p(M) another than that given in [R.J. Miatello, R.A. Podesta, The spectrum of twisted Dirac operators on compact flat manifolds, Trans. Am. Math. Soc., in press]. We answer the question when p(M)>0 if Hol(M) is a cyclic group of prime order or dim⁡M≤4.

  16. Gauged twistor spinors and symmetry operators

    CERN Document Server

    Ertem, Ümit

    2016-01-01

    We consider gauged twistor spinors which are supersymmetry generators of supersymmetric and superconformal field theories in curved backgrounds. We show that the spinor bilinears of gauged twistor spinors satify the gauged conformal Killing-Yano equation. We prove that the symmetry operators of the gauged twistor spinor equation can be constructed from ordinary conformal Killing-Yano forms in constant curvature backgrounds. This provides a way to obtain gauged twistor spinors from ordinary twistor spinors.

  17. Time and Fermions: General Covariance vs. Ockham's Razor for Spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Pitts, J Brian

    2015-01-01

    It is a commonplace attributed to Kretschmann that any local physical theory can be represented in arbitrary coordinates using tensor calculus. But the literature also claims that spinors _as such_ cannot be represented in coordinates in a curved space-time. These commonplaces are inconsistent, so what is general covariance for fermions? In fact both commonplaces are wrong. Ogievetsky and Polubarinov (OP) constructed spinors in coordinates in 1965, enhancing the unity of physics and helping to spawn nonlinear group representations. Roughly and locally, OP spinors resemble the orthonormal basis or tetrad formalism in the symmetric gauge, but they are conceptually self-sufficient and more economical. The tetrad formalism is thus de-Ockhamized, with six extra components and six compensating gauge symmetries. As developed nonperturbatively by Bilyalov, OP spinors admit any coordinates at a point, but 'time' must be listed first; 'time' is defined by an eigenvalue problem involving the metric and diag(-1,1,1,1), t...

  18. Pure Spinors for General Backgrounds

    CERN Document Server

    Fre', Pietro

    2008-01-01

    We show the equivalence of the different types of pure spinor constraints geometrically derived from the Free Differential Algebras of N=2 d=10 supergravities. Firstly, we compute the general solutions of these constraints, using both a G_2 and an SO(8) covariant decomposition of the 10d chiral spinors. Secondly, we verify that the number of independent degrees of freedom is equal to that implied by the Poincare' pure spinor constraints so-far used for superstrings, namely twenty two. Thirdly, we show the equivalence between the FDA type IIA/B constraints among each other and with the Poincare' ones.

  19. The naked spinor a rewrite of Clifford algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Morris, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    This book is about spinors. The whole mathematical theory of spinors is within Clifford algebra, and so this book is about Clifford algebra. Spinor theory is really the theory of empty space, and so this book is about empty space. The whole of Clifford algebra is rewritten in a much simpler form, and so the whole of spinor theory is rewritten in a much simpler form. Not only does this book make Clifford algebra simple and obvious, but it lifts the fog and mirrors from this area of mathematics to make it clear and obvious. In doing so, the true nature of spinors is revealed to the reader, and, with that, the true nature of empty space. To understand this book you will need an elementary knowledge of linear algebra (matrices) an elementary knowledge of finite groups and an elementary knowledge of the complex numbers. From no more than that, you will gain a very deep understanding of Clifford algebra, spinors, and empty space. The book is well written with all the mathematical steps laid before the reader in a w...

  20. Killing Spinors -- Beyond Supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Palomo-Lozano, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    This is a doctoral thesis on the application of techniques originally developed in the programme of characterisation of supersymmetric solutions to Supergravity theories, to finding alternative backgrounds. We start by discussing the concept of a Killing spinor, and how these are paramount to the process of classifying of these aforementioned supersymmetric solutions. Moreover, these geometric objects also have applications when considered in different scenarios (the 'beyond' in the title). In particular, techniques based on a parallelising rule for a spinorial field can be used for obtaining solutions to Einstein-Maxwell-De Sitter theories, as well as a (partial) classification of Lorentzian Einstein-Weyl manifolds, a problem of geometrical interest. The annexe contain an introduction and summary in Spanish language. The appendices discuss the tensorial and spinorial conventions employed, some relevant geometrical information on the scalar manifolds for the matter contents of interest, as well as for the nul...

  1. Double Field Theory on Group Manifolds (Thesis)

    CERN Document Server

    Hassler, Falk

    2015-01-01

    This thesis deals with Double Field Theory (DFT), an effective field theory capturing the low energy dynamics of closed strings on a torus. It renders T-duality on a torus manifest by adding $D$ winding coordinates in addition to the $D$ space time coordinates. An essential consistency constraint of the theory, the strong constraint, only allows for field configurations which depend on half of the coordinates of the arising doubled space. I derive DFT${}_\\mathrm{WZW}$, a generalization of the current formalism. It captures the low energy dynamics of a closed bosonic string propagating on a compact group manifold. Its classical action and the corresponding gauge transformations arise from Closed String Field Theory up to cubic order in the massless fields. These results are rewritten in terms of a generalized metric and extended to all orders in the fields. There is an explicit distinction between background and fluctuations. For the gauge algebra to close, the latter have to fulfill a modified strong constrai...

  2. New Spinor Fields on Lorentzian 7-Manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Bonora, L

    2016-01-01

    This paper deals with the classification of spinor fields according to the bilinear covariants in 7 dimensions. It extends to higher dimensions the so-called Lounesto spinor fields classification in Minkowski spacetime, which encompasses Dirac, Weyl, Majorana, and more generally flagpoles, flag-dipoles and dipole spinor fields. A generalized classification according to the bilinear covariants was previously studied on Euclidean 7-manifolds. It presents either just one spinor field class, in the real case of Majorana spinors, or three non-trivial classes in the most general case. In this paper we show that by imposing appropriate conditions on spinor fields in 7d manifolds with Lorentzian metric, the formerly obtained obstructions for new classes of spinor fields can be circumvented. New spinor fields classes are then explicitly constructed. In particular, on 7-manifolds with asymptotically flat black hole background, by means of such spinors one can introduce a generalized current density which further serves...

  3. Introduction to 2-spinors in general relativity

    CERN Document Server

    O'Donnell, Peter

    2003-01-01

    This book deals with 2-spinors in general relativity, beginning by developing spinors in a geometrical way rather than using representation theory, which can be a little abstract. This gives the reader greater physical intuition into the way in which spinors behave. The book concentrates on the algebra and calculus of spinors connected with curved space-time. Many of the well-known tensor fields in general relativity are shown to have spinor counterparts. An analysis of the Lanczos spinor concludes the book, and some of the techniques so far encountered are applied to this. Exercises play an i

  4. Complex group algebras of the double covers of the symmetric and alternating group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bessenrodt, Christine; Nguyen, Hung Ngoc; Olsson, Jørn Børling

    2015-01-01

    We prove that the double covers of the alternating and symmetric groups are determined by their complex group algebras......We prove that the double covers of the alternating and symmetric groups are determined by their complex group algebras...

  5. Questing mass dimension 1 spinor fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villalobos, C.H.C.; Hoff da Silva, J.M. [UNESP Universidade Estadual Paulista, Guaratingueta, SP CEP (Brazil); Rocha, Roldao da [CMCC, Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo Andre, SP (Brazil)

    2015-06-15

    This work deals with new classes of spinors of mass dimension 1 in Minkowski spacetime. In order to accomplish it, Lounesto's classification scheme and the inversion theorem are going to be used. The algebraic framework shall be revisited by explicating the central point performed by the Fierz aggregate. Then the spinor classification is generalized in order to encompass the new mass dimension 1 spinors. The spinor operator is shown to play a prominent role to engender the new mass dimension 1 spinors, accordingly. (orig.)

  6. New spinor fields on Lorentzian 7-manifolds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonora, L. [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA),Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy); Rocha, Roldão da [Centro de Matemática, Computação e Cognição, Universidade Federal do ABC,Avenida dos Estados, 5001, Santo André (Brazil)

    2016-01-21

    This paper deals with the classification of spinor fields according to the bilinear covariants in 7 dimensions. The previously investigated Riemannian case is characterized by either one spinor field class, in the real case of Majorana spinors, or three non-trivial classes in the most general complex case. In this paper we show that by imposing appropriate conditions on spinor fields in 7d manifolds with Lorentzian metric, the formerly obtained obstructions for new classes of spinor fields can be circumvented. New spinor fields classes are then explicitly constructed. In particular, on 7-manifolds with asymptotically flat black hole background, these spinors can define a generalized current density which further defines a time Killing vector at the spatial infinity.

  7. Fermions via spinor-valued one-forms

    CERN Document Server

    Torres-Gomez, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    Spinor-valued one-forms (Rarita-Schwinger fields) are normally used in the context of supergravity, where they describe spin 3/2 particles (gravitinos). Indeed, when decomposed into irreducible representations of the Lorentz group such a field contains both a spin 1/2 and a spin 3/2 component, and the Rarita-Schwinger Lagrangian is designed to make only the spin 3/2 propagate. We point out that the opposite construction is also possible, and give a spinor-valued one-form field Lagrangian that describes a propagating spin 1/2 particle.

  8. Fermions via Spinor-Valued One-Forms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Gomez, Alexander; Krasnov, Kirill

    2013-08-01

    Spinor-valued one-forms (Rarita-Schwinger fields) are normally used in the context of supergravity, where they describe spin 3/2 particles (gravitinos). Indeed, when decomposed into irreducible representations of the Lorentz group such a field contains both a spin 1/2 and a spin 3/2 component, and the Rarita-Schwinger Lagrangian is designed to make only the spin 3/2 propagate. The opposite construction is also known to be possible. We propose and study a new simple spinor-valued one-form field Lagrangian that describes a propagating spin 1/2 particle.

  9. Doubles of Quasi-Quantum Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Hausser, F; Hausser, Frank; Nill, Florian

    1999-01-01

    Drinfeld showed that any finite dimensional Hopf algebra \\G extends to a quasitriangular Hopf algebra \\D(\\G), the quantum double of \\G. Based on the construction of a so--called diagonal crossed product developed by the authors, we generalize this result to the case of quasi--Hopf algebras \\G. As for ordinary Hopf algebras, as a vector space the ``quasi--quantum double'' \\D(\\G) is isomorphic to the tensor product of \\G and its dual \\dG. We give explicit formulas for the product, the coproduct, the R--matrix and the antipode on quasi--Hopf algebra. In particular \\D(\\G) becomes an associative algebra containing \\G as a quasi--Hopf subalgebra. On the other hand, \\dG øtimes 1 is not a subalgebra of \\D(\\G) unless the coproduct on \\G is strictly coassociative. It is shown that the category of finite dimensional representations of \\D(\\G) coincides with what has been called the double category of \\G--modules by S. Majid [M2]. Thus our construction gives a concrete realization of Majid's abstract definition of quasi-...

  10. Experimental demonstration of spinor slow light

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Meng-Jung; Lee, Chin-Yuan; Kudriasov, Viaceslav; Chang, Kao-Fang; Cho, Hung-Wen; Juzeliunas, Gediminas; Yu, Ite A

    2014-01-01

    Over the last decade the developments of slow, stored and stationary light based on the electromagnetically induced transparency effect have attracted a great deal of attention, stimulated by potential applications such as low-light-level nonlinear optics and quantum information manipulation. The previous experiments all dealt with the single-component slow light. Here we report the first experimental demonstration of two-component or spinor slow light using a double tripod (DT) atom-light coupling scheme which involves two atomic ground state coherences. We observe the neutrino-type oscillations between the two slow light components controlled by the two-photon detuning. We show that the DT scheme for the light storage behaves like the two outcomes of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer enabling high precision measurements of the frequency detuning. Finally, we experimentally demonstrate a possible application of the DT scheme as quantum memory/rotator for the two-color qubits.

  11. Local Existence of Spinor Potentials

    CERN Document Server

    Andersson, F

    1999-01-01

    We present a new, simple proof of existence for the Lanczos spinor potential in 3+1 dimensions that introduces a potential $T_{ABCD}= T_{(ABC)D}$ of the Lanczos potential together with several generalizations to other index configurations and metric signatures. The potential $T_{ABCD}$ can also be used to express, in a concise way, the gauge freedom left in the Lanczos potential after the differential gauge has been specified. We consider Einstein spacetimes and prove that in those spacetimes any symmetric (3,1)-spinor possesses a symmetric potential $H_{ABA'B'}$. Potentials of this type have earlier occurred in some special cases investigated e.g., by Torres del Castillo, Bergqvist and ourselves.

  12. Spinor-vector duality in N=2 heterotic string vacua

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faraggi, Alon E. [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZL (United Kingdom)], E-mail: faraggi@amtp.liv.ac.uk; Kounnas, Costas [Laboratoire Physique Theorique, Ecole Normale Superieure, F-75231 Paris 05 (France); Rizos, John [Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, GR45110 Ioannina (Greece)

    2008-08-11

    Classification of the N=1 space-time supersymmetric fermionic Z{sub 2}xZ{sub 2} heterotic-string vacua with symmetric internal shifts, revealed a novel spinor-vector duality symmetry over the entire space of vacua, where the S{sub t}{r_reversible}V duality interchanges the spinor plus anti-spinor representations with vector representations. In this paper we demonstrate that the spinor-vector duality exists also in fermionic Z{sub 2} heterotic string models, which preserve N=2 space-time supersymmetry. In this case the interchange is between spinorial and vectorial representations of the unbroken SO(12) GUT symmetry. We provide a general algebraic proof for the existence of the S{sub t}{r_reversible}V duality map. We present a novel basis to generate the free fermionic models in which the ten-dimensional gauge degrees of freedom are grouped into four groups of four, each generating an SO(8) modular block. In the new basis the GUT symmetries are produced by generators arising from the trivial and non-trivial sectors, and due to the triality property of the SO(8) representations. Thus, while in the new basis the appearance of GUT symmetries is more cumbersome, it may be more instrumental in revealing the duality symmetries that underly the string vacua.

  13. Spinor-Vector Duality in N=2 Heterotic String Vacua

    CERN Document Server

    Faraggi, Alon E; Rizos, John

    2007-01-01

    Classification of the N=1 space-time supersymmetric fermionic Z2XZ2 heterotic-string vacua with symmetric internal shifts, revealed a novel spinor-vector duality symmetry over the entire space of vacua, where the S_t V duality interchanges the spinor plus anti-spinor representations with vector representations. In this paper we demonstrate that the spinor--vector duality exists also in fermionic Z2 heterotic string models, which preserve N=2 space-time supersymmetry. In this case the interchange is between spinorial and vectorial representations of the unbroken SO(12) GUT symmetry. We provide a general algebraic proof for the existence of the S_t V duality map. We present a novel basis to generate the free fermionic models in which the ten dimensional gauge degrees of freedom are grouped into four groups of four, each generating an SO(8) modular block. In the new basis the GUT symmetries are produced by generators arising from the trivial and non--trivial sectors, and due to the triality property of the SO(...

  14. Phantom metrics with Killing spinors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.A. Sabra

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available We study metric solutions of Einstein–anti-Maxwell theory admitting Killing spinors. The analogue of the IWP metric which admits a space-like Killing vector is found and is expressed in terms of a complex function satisfying the wave equation in flat (2+1-dimensional space–time. As examples, electric and magnetic Kasner spaces are constructed by allowing the solution to depend only on the time coordinate. Euclidean solutions are also presented.

  15. Gravitational waves induced by spinor fields

    CERN Document Server

    Feng, Kaixi

    2015-01-01

    In realistic model-building, spinor fields with various masses are present. During inflation, spinor field may induce gravitational waves as a second order effect. In this paper, we calculate the contribution of single massive spinor field to the power spectrum of primordial gravitational wave by using retarded Green propagator. We find that the correction is scale-invariant and of order $H^4/M_P^4$ for arbitrary spinor mass $m_{\\psi}$. Additionally, we also observe that when $m_\\psi \\gtrsim H$, the dependence of correction on $m_\\psi/H$ is nontrivial.

  16. Two-spinor geometry and gauge freedom

    CERN Document Server

    Canarutto, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Gauge freedom in quantum particle physics is shown to arise in a natural way from the geometry of two-spinors (Weyl spinors). Various related mathematical notions are reviewed, and a special ansatz of the kind "the system defines the geometry" is discussed in connection with the stated results.

  17. Fundamentals of the pure spinor formalism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogeveen, J.

    2010-01-01

    This thesis presents recent developments within the pure spinor formalism, which has simplified amplitude computations in perturbative string theory, especially when spacetime fermions are involved. Firstly the worldsheet action of both the minimal and the non-minimal pure spinor formalism is derive

  18. Geometric Number Systems and Spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Sobczyk, Garret

    2015-01-01

    The real number system is geometrically extended to include three new anticommuting square roots of plus one, each such root representing the direction of a unit vector along the orthonormal coordinate axes of Euclidean 3-space. The resulting geometric (Clifford) algebra provides a geometric basis for the famous Pauli matrices which, in turn, proves the consistency of the rules of geometric algebra. The flexibility of the concept of geometric numbers opens the door to new understanding of the nature of space-time, and of Pauli and Dirac spinors as points on the Riemann sphere, including Lorentz boosts.

  19. Black Holes and Exotic Spinors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Hoff da Silva

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Exotic spin structures are non-trivial liftings, of the orthogonal bundle to the spin bundle, on orientable manifolds that admit spin structures according to the celebrated Geroch theorem. Exotic spin structures play a role of paramount importance in different areas of physics, from quantum field theory, in particular at Planck length scales, to gravity, and in cosmological scales. Here, we introduce an in-depth panorama in this field, providing black hole physics as the fount of spacetime exoticness. Black holes are then studied as the generators of a non-trivial topology that also can correspond to some inequivalent spin structure. Moreover, we investigate exotic spinor fields in this context and the way exotic spinor fields branch new physics. We also calculate the tunneling probability of exotic fermions across a Kerr-Sen black hole, showing that the exotic term does affect the tunneling probability, altering the black hole evaporation rate. Finally we show that it complies with the Hawking temperature universal law.

  20. Klein and Conformal Superspaces, Split Algebras and Spinor Orbits

    CERN Document Server

    Fioresi, Rita; Marrani, Alessio

    2016-01-01

    We discuss $\\mathcal{N}=1$ Klein and Klein-Conformal superspaces in $D=(2,2)$ space-time dimensions, realizing them in terms of their functor of points over the split composition algebra $\\mathbb{C}_{s}$. We exploit the observation that certain split form of orthogonal groups can be realized in terms of matrix groups over split composition algebras; this leads to a natural interpretation of the the sections of the spinor bundle in the critical split dimensions $D=4$, $6$ and $10$ as $\\mathbb{C}_{s}^{2}$, $\\mathbb{H}_{s}^{2}$ and $\\mathbb{O}_{s}^{2}$, respectively. Within this approach, we also analyze the non-trivial spinor orbit stratification that is relevant in our construction since it affects the Klein-Conformal superspace structure.

  1. Neutral Fermion Phenomenology With Majorana Spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Kirchbach, M; Noriega, L

    2003-01-01

    We ask the question whether neutrino physics with Majorana spinors, the eigenvectors of the particle--antiparticle conjugation operator, C=i\\gamma_2 K (with K standing for complex conjugation), is different but physics with Dirac spinors. First we analyze properties of Majorana spinors in great detail. We show that four dimensional, (4d), Majorana spinors are unsuited for the construction of a local quantum field because C invariance does not allow for a covariant propagation in four spinor dimensions, a conduct due to \\gamma_2\\gamma_\\mu= -\\gamma_\\mu * \\gamma_2. The way out of this dilemma is finding one more discrete symmetry that respects C invariance and gives rise to covariant propagators. We construct such a symmetry in observing that the parity operator, \\gamma_0, ``ladders'' between (4d) rest-frame Majorana spinors, which takes us to eight dimensional spinor spaces. We build up two types of (8d) spaces-- one with a symmetric- and an other with an anti-symmetric off diagonal metric and calculate traces ...

  2. On the construction of double group molecular symmetry functions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visscher, L

    1996-01-01

    A new procedure for constructing double group symmetry functions is presented. Using this method integrals over Hermitian operators can become real quantities, even though the integrand and the functions themselves are complex. This is especially of interest to 4-component relativistic methods that

  3. Spinor quintom cosmology with intrinsic spin

    CERN Document Server

    Dil, Emre

    2016-01-01

    We consider a spinor quintom dark energy model with intrinsic spin, in the framework of Eintein- Cartan-Sciama-Kibble theory. After constructing the mathematical formalism of the model, we obtain the spin contributed total energy-momentum tensor giving the energy density and the pressure of the quintom model, and then we find the equation of state parameter in terms of the spinor potential. Choosing suitable potentials leads to the quintom scenario crossing between quintessence and phantom epochs, or vice versa. Analyzed three quintom scenarios provides stable expansion phases avoiding Big Rip singularities, and yielding matter dominated era through the stabilization of the spinor pressure via spin contribution. The stabilization in spinor pressure leads to neglecting it as compared to the increasing energy density, and constituting a matter dominated stable expansion epoch.

  4. Quantum game interpretation of Dirac spinor field

    CERN Document Server

    Zhi, Haizhao

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduced the classical prisoner dilemma with the character and structure of quantum prisoner dilemma's strategy space. Associate with the Dirac spinor field, apply the basic quantum game strategy to the translation of the dynamics of Dirac equation. Decompose the real space and time to lattice we found that the basic interaction of spinor could be translated into quantum game theory. At the same time, we gained the new dynamics of quantized spacial evolutionary game.

  5. Spinor fields classification in arbitrary dimensions and new classes of spinor fields on 7-manifolds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonora, L. [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA),Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy); Brito, K.P.S. de [CCNH, Universidade Federal do ABC 09210-580,Santo André, SP (Brazil); Rocha, Roldão da [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA),Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy); CMCC, Universidade Federal do ABC 09210-580,Santo André, SP (Brazil)

    2015-02-11

    A classification of spinor fields according to the associated bilinear covariants is constructed in arbitrary dimensions and metric signatures, generalizing Lounesto’s 4D spinor field classification. In such a generalized classification a basic role is played by the geometric Fierz identities. In 4D Minkowski spacetime the standard bilinear covariants can be either null or non-null — with the exception of the current density which is invariably different from zero for physical reasons — and sweep all types of spinor fields, including Dirac, Weyl, Majorana and more generally flagpoles, flag-dipoles and dipole spinor fields. To obtain an analogous classification in higher dimensions we use the Fierz identities, which constrain the covariant bilinears in the spinor fields and force some of them to vanish. A generalized graded Fierz aggregate is moreover obtained in such a context simply from the completeness relation. We analyze the particular and important case of Riemannian 7-manifolds, where the Majorana spinor fields turn out to have a quite special place. In particular, at variance with spinor fields in 4D Minkowski spacetime that are classified in six disjoint classes, spinors in Riemannian 7-manifolds are shown to be classified, according to the bilinear covariants: (a) in just one class, in the real case of Majorana spinors; (b) in four classes, in the most general case. Much like new classes of spinor fields in 4D Minkowski spacetime have been evincing new possibilities in physics, we think these new classes of spinor fields in seven dimensions are, in particular, potential candidates for new solutions in the compactification of supergravity on a seven-dimensional manifold and its exotic versions.

  6. Spinor Fields Classification in Arbitrary Dimensions and New Classes of Spinor Fields on 7-Manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Bonora, L; da Rocha, Roldao

    2014-01-01

    A classification of spinor fields according to the associated bilinear covariants is constructed in arbitrary dimensions and metric signatures, generalizing Lounesto's 4D spinor field classification. In such a generalized classification a basic role is played by the geometric Fierz identities. In 4D Minkowski spacetime the standard bilinear covariants can be either null or non-null -- with the exception of the current density which is invariably different from zero for physical reasons -- and sweep all types of spinor fields, including Dirac, Weyl, Majorana and more generally flagpoles, flag-dipoles and dipole spinor fields. To obtain an analogous classification in higher dimensions we use the Fierz identities, which constrain the covariant bilinears in the spinor fields and force some of them to vanish. A generalized graded Fierz aggregate is moreover obtained in such a context simply from the completeness relation. We analyze the particular and important case of Riemannian 7-manifolds, where the Majorana sp...

  7. The Representations of Quantum Double of Dihedral Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Dong, Jingcheng

    2011-01-01

    Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of odd characteristic $p$, and let $D_n$ be the dihedral group of order $2n$ such that $p\\mid 2n$. Let $D(kD_n)$ denote the quantum double of the group algebra $kD_n$. In this paper, we describe the structures of all finite dimensional indecomposable left $D(kD_n)$-modules, equivalently, of all finite dimensional indecomposable Yetter-Drinfeld $kD_n$-modules, and classify them.

  8. Gravitomagnetism and Spinor Quantum Mechanics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adler, Ronald J.; /Stanford U., HEPL /San Francisco State U.; Chen, Pisin; /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Varani, Elisa; /Unlisted

    2012-09-14

    We give a systematic treatment of a spin 1=2 particle in a combined electromagnetic field and a weak gravitational field that is produced by a slowly moving matter source. This paper continues previous work on a spin zero particle, but it is largely self-contained and may serve as an introduction to spinors in a Riemann space. The analysis is based on the Dirac equation expressed in generally covariant form and coupled minimally to the electromagnetic field. The restriction to a slowly moving matter source, such as the earth, allows us to describe the gravitational field by a gravitoelectric (Newtonian) potential and a gravitomagnetic (frame-dragging) vector potential, the existence of which has recently been experimentally verified. Our main interest is the coupling of the orbital and spin angular momenta of the particle to the gravitomagnetic field. Specifically we calculate the gravitational gyromagnetic ratio as g{sub g} = 1 ; this is to be compared with the electromagnetic gyromagnetic ratio of g{sub e} = 2 for a Dirac electron.

  9. Spinor metrics, spin connection compatibility and spacetime geometry from spin geometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crawford, James P [Department of Physics, Penn State University, Uniontown, PA 15401 (United States)

    2003-07-07

    We show first that it is possible to consider the charge conjugation matrix as a metric (inner product) on the spin space. This metric is complementary to the usual Dirac spinor metric in that the Dirac metric defines the inner product of a spinor with a conjugate spinor, whereas the charge conjugation metric defines the inner product of a spinor with another spinor. The invariance group of the Dirac metric, U(2, 2), is distinct from that of the charge metric, Sp(4; C), but their joint subgroup, Sp(4; R), contains the cover of the Lorentz group, Sl(2; C). It is possible to find a spin connection that is metric compatible with both spin metrics, and also compatible with covariant constancy of the Dirac matrices, and this condition also then determines the spacetime curvature as the spin curvature. However, we show that if the condition of covariant constancy of the Dirac matrices is relaxed, it is possible to maintain metricity for both spin metrics, and to obtain both spacetime curvature and torsion from the spin curvature.

  10. Spinor metrics, spin connection compatibility and spacetime geometry from spin geometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, James P.

    2003-07-01

    We show first that it is possible to consider the charge conjugation matrix as a metric (inner product) on the spin space. This metric is complementary to the usual Dirac spinor metric in that the Dirac metric defines the inner product of a spinor with a conjugate spinor, whereas the charge conjugation metric defines the inner product of a spinor with another spinor. The invariance group of the Dirac metric, U(2, 2), is distinct from that of the charge metric, Sp(4; Bbb C), but their joint subgroup, Sp(4; Bbb R), contains the cover of the Lorentz group, Sℓ(2; Bbb C). It is possible to find a spin connection that is metric compatible with both spin metrics, and also compatible with covariant constancy of the Dirac matrices, and this condition also then determines the spacetime curvature as the spin curvature. However, we show that if the condition of covariant constancy of the Dirac matrices is relaxed, it is possible to maintain metricity for both spin metrics, and to obtain both spacetime curvature and torsion from the spin curvature.

  11. The small quantum group as a quantum double

    OpenAIRE

    Etingof, Pavel; Gelaki, Shlomo

    2009-01-01

    We prove that the quantum double of the quasi-Hopf algebra A_q(g) of dimension n^{dim g} attached in arXiv:math/0403096 to a simple complex Lie algebra g and a primitive root of unity q of order n^2 is equivalent to Lusztig's small quantum group u_q(g) (under some conditions on n). We also give a conceptual construction of A_q(g) using the notion of de-equivariantization of tensor categories.

  12. The Torsion of Spinor Connections and Related Structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Klinker

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available In this text we introduce the torsion of spinor connections. In terms of the torsion we give conditions on a spinor connection to produce Killing vector fields. We relate the Bianchi type identities for the torsion of spinor connections with Jacobi identities for vector fields on supermanifolds. Furthermore, we discuss applications of this notion of torsion.

  13. An introduction to Clifford algebras and spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Vaz, Jayme

    2016-01-01

    This text explores how Clifford algebras and spinors have been sparking a collaboration and bridging a gap between Physics and Mathematics. This collaboration has been the consequence of a growing awareness of the importance of algebraic and geometric properties in many physical phenomena, and of the discovery of common ground through various touch points: relating Clifford algebras and the arising geometry to so-called spinors, and to their three definitions (both from the mathematical and physical viewpoint). The main point of contact are the representations of Clifford algebras and the periodicity theorems. Clifford algebras also constitute a highly intuitive formalism, having an intimate relationship to quantum field theory. The text strives to seamlessly combine these various viewpoints and is devoted to a wider audience of both physicists and mathematicians. Among the existing approaches to Clifford algebras and spinors this book is unique in that it provides a didactical presentation of the topic and i...

  14. Weyl spinors and the helicity formalism

    CERN Document Server

    Diaz-Cruz, J Lorenzo; Meza-Aldama, O; Perez, Jonathan Reyes

    2015-01-01

    In this work we give a review of the original formulation of the relativistic wave equation for particles with spin one-half. Traditionally \\`a la Dirac, it's proposed that the ``square root'' of the Klein-Gordon (K-G) equation involves a 4 component (Dirac) spinor and in the non-relativistic limit it can be written as 2 equations for two 2 component spinors. On the other hand, there exists Weyl's formalism, in which one works from the beginning with 2 component Weyl spinors, which are the fundamental objects of the helicity formalism. In this work we rederive Weyl's equations directly, starting from K-G equation. We also obtain the electromagnetic interaction through minimal coupling and we get the interaction with the magnetic moment. As an example of the use of that formalism, we calculate Compton scattering using the helicity methods.

  15. Recurrence and differential relations for spherical spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Szmytkowski, Radosław

    2010-01-01

    We present a comprehensive table of recurrence and differential relations obeyed by spin one-half spherical spinors (spinor spherical harmonics) $\\Omega_{\\kappa\\mu}(\\mathbf{n})$ used in relativistic atomic, molecular, and solid state physics, as well as in relativistic quantum chemistry. First, we list finite expansions in the spherical spinor basis of the expressions $\\mathbf{A}\\cdot\\mathbf{B}\\,\\Omega_{\\kappa\\mu}(\\mathbf{n})$ and {$\\mathbf{A}\\cdot(\\mathbf{B}\\times\\mathbf{C})\\, \\Omega_{\\kappa\\mu}(\\mathbf{n})$}, where $\\mathbf{A}$, $\\mathbf{B}$, and $\\mathbf{C}$ are either of the following vectors or vector operators: $\\mathbf{n}=\\mathbf{r}/r$ (the radial unit vector), $\\mathbf{e}_{0}$, $\\mathbf{e}_{\\pm1}$ (the spherical, or cyclic, versors), $\\boldsymbol{\\sigma}$ (the $2\\times2$ Pauli matrix vector), $\\hat{\\mathbf{L}}=-i\\mathbf{r}\\times\\boldsymbol{\

  16. The Geometry of D=11 Killing Spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Gauntlett, J P; Gauntlett, Jerome P.; Pakis, Stathis

    2003-01-01

    We propose a way to classify all supersymmetric configurations of D=11 supergravity using the G-structures defined by the Killing spinors. We show that the most general bosonic geometries admitting a Killing spinor have at least an SU(5) or an (Spin(7)\\ltimes R^8)x R structure, depending on whether the Killing vector constructed from the Killing spinor is timelike or null, respectively. In the former case we determine what kind of SU(5) structure is present and show that almost all of the form of the geometry is determined by the structure. We also deduce what further conditions must be imposed in order that the equations of motion are satisfied. We illustrate the formalism with some known solutions and also present some new solutions including a rotating generalisation of the resolved membrane solutions and generalisations of the recently constructed D=11 Godel solution.

  17. Generalized metric formulation of double field theory on group manifolds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blumenhagen, Ralph [Max-Planck-Institut für Physik,Föhringer Ring 6, 80805 München (Germany); Bosque, Pascal du [Arnold-Sommerfeld-Center für Theoretische Physik,Department für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München,Theresienstraße 37, 80333 München (Germany); Hassler, Falk [Max-Planck-Institut für Physik,Föhringer Ring 6, 80805 München (Germany); Lüst, Dieter [Max-Planck-Institut für Physik,Föhringer Ring 6, 80805 München (Germany); Arnold-Sommerfeld-Center für Theoretische Physik,Department für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München,Theresienstraße 37, 80333 München (Germany); CERN, PH-TH,1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

    2015-08-13

    We rewrite the recently derived cubic action of Double Field Theory on group manifolds http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP02(2015)001 in terms of a generalized metric and extrapolate it to all orders in the fields. For the resulting action, we derive the field equations and state them in terms of a generalized curvature scalar and a generalized Ricci tensor. Compared to the generalized metric formulation of DFT derived from tori, all these quantities receive additional contributions related to the non-trivial background. It is shown that the action is invariant under its generalized diffeomorphisms and 2D-diffeomorphisms. Imposing additional constraints relating the background and fluctuations around it, the precise relation between the proposed generalized metric formulation of DFT{sub WZW} and of original DFT from tori is clarified. Furthermore, we show how to relate DFT{sub WZW} of the WZW background with the flux formulation of original DFT.

  18. Generalized Metric Formulation of Double Field Theory on Group Manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Blumenhagen, Ralph; Hassler, Falk; Lust, Dieter

    2015-01-01

    We rewrite the recently derived cubic action of Double Field Theory on group manifolds [arXiv:1410.6374] in terms of a generalized metric and extrapolate it to all orders in the fields. For the resulting action, we derive the field equations and state them in terms of a generalized curvature scalar and a generalized Ricci tensor. Compared to the generalized metric formulation of DFT derived from tori, all these quantities receive additional contributions related to the non-trivial background. It is shown that the action is invariant under its generalized diffeomorphisms and 2D-diffeomorphisms. Imposing additional constraints relating the background and fluctuations around it, the precise relation between the proposed generalized metric formulation of DFT${}_\\mathrm{WZW}$ and of original DFT from tori is clarified. Furthermore we show how to relate DFT${}_\\mathrm{WZW}$ of the WZW background with the flux formulation of original DFT.

  19. Casimir effect for Elko spinor field

    CERN Document Server

    Pereira, S H; Santos, Rubia dos

    2016-01-01

    The Casimir effect for the Elko spinor field in $3+1$ dimension is obtained using Dirichlet boundary conditions. It is shown the existence of a repulsive force four times greater than the case of the scalar field. The precise reason for such differences are highlighted and interpreted, as well as the right parallel of the Casimir effect due to scalar and fermionic fields.

  20. On Spinor Varieties and Their Secants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Manivel

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available We study the secant variety of the spinor variety, focusing on its equations of degree three and four. We show that in type Dn, cubic equations exist if and only if n ≥ 9. In general the ideal has generators in degrees at least three and four. Finally we observe that the other Freudenthal varieties exhibit strikingly similar behaviors.

  1. Representation-independent manipulations with Dirac spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Pal, P B

    2007-01-01

    Dirac matrices, also known as gamma matrices, are defined only up to a similarity transformation. Usually, some explicit representation of these matrices is assumed in order to deal with them. In this article, we show how it is possible to proceed without any such assumption. Various important identities involving Dirac matrices and spinors have been derived without assuming any representation at any stage.

  2. Geometric Construction of Killing Spinors and Supersymmetry Algebras in Homogeneous Spacetimes

    CERN Document Server

    Alonso-Alberca, N; Ortín, Tomas; Alonso-Alberca, Natxo; Lozano-Tellechea, Ernesto; Ortin, Tomas

    2002-01-01

    We show how the Killing spinors of some maximally supersymmetric supergravity solutions whose metrics describe symmetric spacetimes (including AdS,AdSxS and Hpp-waves) can be easily constructed using purely geometrical and group-theoretical methods. The calculation of the supersymmetry algebras is extremely simple in this formalism.

  3. Bilinear covariants and spinor fields duality in quantum Clifford algebras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abłamowicz, Rafał, E-mail: rablamowicz@tntech.edu [Department of Mathematics, Box 5054, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee 38505 (United States); Gonçalves, Icaro, E-mail: icaro.goncalves@ufabc.edu.br [Instituto de Matemática e Estatística, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão, 1010, 05508-090, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Centro de Matemática, Computação e Cognição, Universidade Federal do ABC, 09210-170 Santo André, SP (Brazil); Rocha, Roldão da, E-mail: roldao.rocha@ufabc.edu.br [Centro de Matemática, Computação e Cognição, Universidade Federal do ABC, 09210-170 Santo André, SP (Brazil); International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy)

    2014-10-15

    Classification of quantum spinor fields according to quantum bilinear covariants is introduced in a context of quantum Clifford algebras on Minkowski spacetime. Once the bilinear covariants are expressed in terms of algebraic spinor fields, the duality between spinor and quantum spinor fields can be discussed. Thus, by endowing the underlying spacetime with an arbitrary bilinear form with an antisymmetric part in addition to a symmetric spacetime metric, quantum algebraic spinor fields and deformed bilinear covariants can be constructed. They are thus compared to the classical (non quantum) ones. Classes of quantum spinor fields classes are introduced and compared with Lounesto's spinor field classification. A physical interpretation of the deformed parts and the underlying Z-grading is proposed. The existence of an arbitrary bilinear form endowing the spacetime already has been explored in the literature in the context of quantum gravity [S. W. Hawking, “The unpredictability of quantum gravity,” Commun. Math. Phys. 87, 395 (1982)]. Here, it is shown further to play a prominent role in the structure of Dirac, Weyl, and Majorana spinor fields, besides the most general flagpoles and flag-dipoles. We introduce a new duality between the standard and the quantum spinor fields, by showing that when Clifford algebras over vector spaces endowed with an arbitrary bilinear form are taken into account, a mixture among the classes does occur. Consequently, novel features regarding the spinor fields can be derived.

  4. Nonlinear Spinor Fields in Bianchi type-V spacetime

    CERN Document Server

    Saha, Bijan

    2016-01-01

    A self-consistent system of nonlinear spinor and Bianchi type-V anisotropic gravitational fields are investigated. It is found that the presence of nontrivial non-diagonal components of the energy-momentum tensor of the spinor field imposes some severe restrictions to the system. As a result two different solutions are found. In one case the metric functions are similar to each other, i.e., $a_1 \\sim a_2 \\sim a_3$ and the spinor mass and spinor field nonlinearity do not disappear from the system. In this case the spacetime expands with acceleration in case of a positive self-coupling constant $\\lambda$. A negative $\\lambda$ gives rise to a cyclic or periodical mode of expansion. In the second case the spinor mass and the spinor field nonlinearity vanish and the Universe expands linearly with time.

  5. Three-body Physics in Strongly Correlated Spinor Condensates

    CERN Document Server

    Colussi, V E; D'Incao, J P

    2014-01-01

    Spinor condensates have proven to be a rich area for probing many-body phenomena richer than that of an ultracold gas consisting of atoms restricted to a single spin state. In the strongly correlated regime, the physics controlling the possible novel phases of the condensate remains largely unexplored, and few-body aspects can play a central role in the properties and dynamics of the system through manifestations of Efimov physics. The present study solves the three-body problem for bosonic spinors using the hyperspherical adiabatic representation and characterizes the multiple families of Efimov states in spinor systems as well as their signatures in the scattering observables relevant for spinor condensates. These solutions exhibit a rich array of possible phenomena originating in universal few-body physics, which can strongly affect the spin dynamics and three-body mean-field contributions for spinor condensates. The collisional aspects of atom-dimer spinor condensates are also analyzed and effects are pre...

  6. On the relation between hybrid and pure spinor string theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerigk, Sebastian [ETH Zuerich (Switzerland). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Kirsch, Ingo [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)

    2009-12-15

    In this paper we revisit Berkovits' pure spinor formalism in lower dimensions. We are particularly interested in relating a six-dimensional pure spinor action previously constructed in the literature to other superstring formalisms. In order to gain some insight into six-dimensional pure spinors, we first derive their action by gauge-fixing the classical six-dimensional Green-Schwarz action. We then consider a hybrid pure spinor construction in which the spacetime symmetries of six of the ten dimensions are described in pure spinor variables, while the remaining four dimensions are parameterized in terms of RNS variables. We relate this pure spinor formalism to the Berkovits-Vafa-Witten hybrid formalism of string theory on R{sup 6} x T{sup 4}. (orig.)

  7. The role of singular spinor fields in a torsional gravity, Lorentz-violating, framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, A. F.; Neto, J. A. S.; da Rocha, R.

    2017-05-01

    In this work, we consider a generalization of quantum electrodynamics including Lorentz violation and torsional-gravity, in the context of general spinor fields as classified in the Lounesto scheme. Singular spinor fields will be shown to be less sensitive to the Lorentz violation, as far as couplings between the spinor bilinear covariants and torsion are regarded. In addition, we prove that flagpole spinor fields do not admit minimal coupling to the torsion. In general, mass dimension four couplings are deeply affected when singular—flagpoles—spinors are considered, instead of the usual Dirac spinors. We also construct a mapping between spinors in the covariant framework and spinors in Lorentz symmetry breaking scenarios, showing how one may transliterate spinors of different classes between the two cases. Specific examples concerning the mapping of Dirac spinor fields in Lorentz violating scenarios into flagpole and flag-dipole spinors with full Lorentz invariance (including the cases of Weyl and Majorana spinors) are worked out.

  8. Black Hole Attractors and Pure Spinors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hsu, Jonathan P.; Maloney, Alexander; Tomasiello, Alessandro

    2006-02-21

    We construct black hole attractor solutions for a wide class of N = 2 compactifications. The analysis is carried out in ten dimensions and makes crucial use of pure spinor techniques. This formalism can accommodate non-Kaehler manifolds as well as compactifications with flux, in addition to the usual Calabi-Yau case. At the attractor point, the charges fix the moduli according to {Sigma}f{sub k} = Im(C{Phi}), where {Phi} is a pure spinor of odd (even) chirality in IIB (A). For IIB on a Calabi-Yau, {Phi} = {Omega} and the equation reduces to the usual one. Methods in generalized complex geometry can be used to study solutions to the attractor equation.

  9. Quaternionic and Octonionic Spinors. A Classification

    CERN Document Server

    Carrion, H L; Toppan, F

    2003-01-01

    Quaternionic and octonionic realizations of Clifford algebras and spinors are classified and explicitly constructed in terms of recursive formulas. The most general free dynamics in arbitrary signature space-times for both quaternionic and octonionic spinors is presented. In the octonionic case we further provide a systematic list of results and tables expressing, e.g., the relations of the octonionic Clifford algebras with the $G_2$ cosets over the Lorentz algebras, the identities satisfied by the higher-rank antisymmetric octonionic tensors and so on. Applications of these results range from the classification of octonionic generalized supersymmetries, the construction of octonionic superstrings, as well as the investigations concerning the recently discovered octonionic $M$-superalgebra and its superconformal extension.

  10. Witten spinors on maximal, conformally flat hypersurfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Frauendiener, Jörg; Szabados, László B

    2011-01-01

    The boundary conditions that exclude zeros of the solutions of the Witten equation (and hence guarantee the existence of a 3-frame satisfying the so-called special orthonormal frame gauge conditions) are investigated. We determine the general form of the conformally invariant boundary conditions for the Witten equation, and find the boundary conditions that characterize the constant and the conformally constant spinor fields among the solutions of the Witten equations on compact domains in extrinsically and intrinsically flat, and on maximal, intrinsically globally conformally flat spacelike hypersurfaces, respectively. We also provide a number of exact solutions of the Witten equation with various boundary conditions (both at infinity and on inner or outer boundaries) that single out nowhere vanishing spinor fields on the flat, non-extreme Reissner--Nordstr\\"om and Brill--Lindquist data sets. Our examples show that there is an interplay between the boundary conditions, the global topology of the hypersurface...

  11. A formalism for the calculus of variations with spinors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bäckdahl, Thomas; Valiente Kroon, Juan A.

    2016-02-01

    We develop a frame and dyad gauge-independent formalism for the calculus of variations of functionals involving spinorial objects. As a part of this formalism, we define a modified variation operator which absorbs frame and spin dyad gauge terms. This formalism is applicable to both the standard spacetime (i.e., SL(2, ℂ)) 2-spinors as well as to space (i.e., SU(2, ℂ)) 2-spinors. We compute expressions for the variations of the connection and the curvature spinors.

  12. A formalism for the calculus of variations with spinors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bäckdahl, Thomas, E-mail: thobac@chalmers.se [The School of Mathematics, University of Edinburgh, JCMB 6228, Peter Guthrie Tait Road, Edinburgh EH9 3FD, United Kingdom and Mathematical Sciences - Chalmers University of Technology and University of Gothenburg - SE-412 96 Gothenburg (Sweden); Valiente Kroon, Juan A., E-mail: j.a.valiente-kroon@qmul.ac.uk [School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)

    2016-02-15

    We develop a frame and dyad gauge-independent formalism for the calculus of variations of functionals involving spinorial objects. As a part of this formalism, we define a modified variation operator which absorbs frame and spin dyad gauge terms. This formalism is applicable to both the standard spacetime (i.e., SL(2, ℂ)) 2-spinors as well as to space (i.e., SU(2, ℂ)) 2-spinors. We compute expressions for the variations of the connection and the curvature spinors.

  13. A formalism for the calculus of variations with spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Bäckdahl, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    We develop a frame and dyad gauge-independent formalism for the calculus of variations of functionals involving spinorial objects. As part of this formalism we define a modified variation operator which absorbs frame and spin dyad gauge terms. This formalism is applicable to both the standard spacetime (i.e. SL(2,C)) 2-spinors as well as to space (i.e. SU(2,C)) 2-spinors. We compute expressions for the variations of the connection and the curvature spinors.

  14. Clifford algebra is the natural framework for root systems and Coxeter groups. Group theory: Coxeter, conformal and modular groups

    CERN Document Server

    Dechant, Pierre-Philippe

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we make the case that Clifford algebra is the natural framework for root systems and reflection groups, as well as related groups such as the conformal and modular groups: The metric that exists on these spaces can always be used to construct the corresponding Clifford algebra. Via the Cartan-Dieudonn\\'e theorem all the transformations of interest can be written as products of reflections and thus via `sandwiching' with Clifford algebra multivectors. These multivector groups can be used to perform concrete calculations in different groups, e.g. the various types of polyhedral groups, and we treat the example of the tetrahedral group $A_3$ in detail. As an aside, this gives a constructive result that induces from every 3D root system a root system in dimension four, which hinges on the facts that the group of spinors provides a double cover of the rotations, the space of 3D spinors has a 4D euclidean inner product, and with respect to this inner product the group of spinors can be shown to be cl...

  15. Conformal Aspects of Spinor-Vector Duality

    CERN Document Server

    Faraggi, Alon E; Mohaupt, Thomas; Tsulaia, Mirian

    2011-01-01

    We present a detailed study of various aspects of Spinor-Vector duality in Heterotic string compactifications and expose its origin in terms of the internal conformal field theory. In particular, we illustrate the main features of the duality map by using simple toroidal orbifolds preserving N_4 = 1 and N_4 = 2 spacetime supersymmetries in four dimensions. We explain how the duality map arises in this context by turning on special values of the Wilson lines around the compact cycles of the manifold. We argue that in models with N_4 = 2 spacetime supersymmetry, the interpolation between the Spinor-Vector dual vacua can be continuously realized. We trace the origin of the Spinor-Vector duality map to the presence of underlying N = (2, 2) and N = (4, 4) SCFTs, and explicitly show that the induced spectral-flow in the twisted sectors is responsible for the observed duality. The isomorphism between current algebra representations gives rise to a number of chiral character identities, reminiscent of the recently-di...

  16. On the spinor formalism for even n

    CERN Document Server

    Andreev, K V

    2011-01-01

    Spinor formalism is the formalism induced by solutions of the Clifford equation (the connection operators).For the space-time manifold (n = 4), those operators that connect the tangent and spinor bundle are operators that are represented by the Dirac matrices in the special basis. Reduced connecting operators are represented by the Pauli matrices. In order to uniquely extended the Killing equation from the tangent bundle to the spin bundle over the space-time manifold, it is necessary to pass to the complexification of the manifold and the corresponding bundles, and then to pass to the real representation. Returning reverse motion, it is possible to receive already two copies of the spin bundle. Whether their set allows to construct the Lee opertor analogues for the spinors. Similar procedure is feasible for any even n. For n=6 the specified formalism is closely connected with the Bogolyubov-Valatin transformations. For n mod 8=0, being based on the Bott periodicity, the reduced connecting operators generate ...

  17. Spinor Decomposition of SU(2) Gauge Potential and Spinor Structures of Chern-Simons and Chern Density

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DUAN Yi-Shi; LIU Xin; FU Li-Bin

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, the decomposition of SU(2) gauge potential in terms of Pauli spinor is studied. Using thisdecomposition, the spinor structures of Chern-Simons form and the Chern density are obtained. Furthermore, the knotquantum number of non-Abelian gauge theory can be expressed by the Chern-Simons spinor structure, and the secondChern number is characterized by the Hopf indices and the Brouwer degrees of φ-mapping.

  18. Spinor Decomposition of SU(2) Gauge Potential and Spinor Structures of Chern-Simons and Chern Density

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DUANYi-Shi; LIUXin; FULi-Bin

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, the decomposition of SU(2) gauge potential in terms of Pauli spinor is studied. Using this decomposition, the spinor structures of Chern Simons form and the Chern density are obtained. Furthermore, the knot quantum number of non-Abelian gauge theory can be expressed by the Chern-Simons spinor structure, and the second Chern number is characterized by the Hopf indices and the Brouwer degrees of Φ-mapping.

  19. A Novel Approach in Solving the Spinor-Spinor Bethe-Salpeter Equation

    CERN Document Server

    Dorkin, S M; Semikh, S S; Kaptari, L P

    2008-01-01

    To solve the spinor-spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation in Euclidean space we propose a novel method related to the use of hyperspherical harmonics. We suggest an appropriate extension to form a new basis of spin-angular harmonics that is suitable for a representation of the vertex functions. We present a numerical algorithm to solve the Bethe-Salpeter equation and investigate in detail the properties of the solution for the scalar, pseudoscalar and vector meson exchange kernels including the stability of bound states. We also compare our results to the non relativistic ones and to the results given by light front dynamics.

  20. Propagation of gravitational waves in the nonperturbative spinor vacuum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dzhunushaliev, Vladimir [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department of Theoretical and Nuclear Physics, Almaty (Kazakhstan); Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Almaty (Kazakhstan); Eurasian National University, Institute for Basic Research, Astana (Kazakhstan); Institute of Physicotechnical Problems and Material Science of the NAS of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan); Folomeev, Vladimir [Institute of Physicotechnical Problems and Material Science of the NAS of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan)

    2014-09-15

    The propagation of gravitational waves on the background of a nonperturbative vacuum of a spinor field is considered. It is shown that there are several distinctive features in comparison with the propagation of plane gravitational waves through empty space: there exists a fixed phase difference between the h{sub yy,zz} and h{sub yz} components of the wave; the phase and group velocities of gravitational waves are not equal to the velocity of light; the group velocity is always less than the velocity of light; under some conditions the gravitational waves are either damped or absent; for given frequency, there exist two waves with different wave vectors. We also discuss the possibility of an experimental verification of the obtained effects as a tool to investigate nonperturbative quantum field theories. (orig.)

  1. The role of singular spinor fields in a torsional gravity, Lorentz-violating, framework

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrari, A F; Silva-Neto, J A

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we consider a generalization of quantum electrodynamics including Lorentz violation and torsional-gravity, in the context of general spinor fields as classified in the Lounesto scheme. Singular spinor fields will be shown to be less sensitive to the Lorentz violation, as far as couplings between the spinor bilinear covariants and torsion are regarded. In addition, we prove that flagpole spinor fields do not admit minimal coupling to the torsion. In general, mass dimension four couplings are deeply affected when singular flagpoles spinors are considered instead of the usual Dirac spinors. We also construct a mapping between spinors in the covariant framework and spinors in Lorentz symmetry breaking scenarios, showing how one may transliterate spinors of different classes between the two cases. Specific examples concerning the mapping of Dirac spinor fields in Lorentz violating scenarios into flagpole and flag-dipole spinors with full Lorentz invariance (including the cases of Weyl and Majorana sp...

  2. On the bilinear covariants associated to mass dimension one spinors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, J.M.H. da; Villalobos, C.H.C.; Rogerio, R.J.B. [DFQ, UNESP, Guaratingueta, SP (Brazil); Scatena, E. [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina-CEE, Blumenau, SC (Brazil)

    2016-10-15

    In this paper we approach the issue of Clifford algebra basis deformation, allowing for bilinear covariants associated to Elko spinors which satisfy the Fierz-Pauli-Kofink identities. We present a complete analysis of covariance, taking into account the involved dual structure associated to Elko spinors. Moreover, the possible generalizations to the recently presented new dual structure are performed. (orig.)

  3. AdS pure spinor superstring in constant backgrounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandia, Osvaldo [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Peñalolén, Santiago (Chile); Bevilaqua, L. Ibiapina [Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte,Caixa Postal 1524, 59072-970, Natal, RN (Brazil); Vallilo, Brenno Carlini [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Andres Bello,Republica 220, Santiago (Chile)

    2014-06-05

    In this paper we study the pure spinor formulation of the superstring in AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} around point particle solutions of the classical equations of motion. As a particular example we quantize the pure spinor string in the BMN background.

  4. On Action Invariance under Linear Spinor-Vector Supersymmetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazunari Shima

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We show explicitly that a free Lagrangian expressed in terms of scalar, spinor, vector and Rarita-Schwinger (RS fields is invariant under linear supersymmetry transformations generated by a global spinor-vector parameter. A (generalized gauge invariance of the Lagrangian for the RS field is also discussed.

  5. Wigner function for the Dirac oscillator in spinor space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马凯; 王剑华; 袁毅

    2011-01-01

    The Wigner function for the Dirac oscillator in spinor space is studied in this paper. Firstly, since the Dirac equation is described as a matrix equation in phase space, it is necessary to define the Wigner function as a matrix function in spinor space.

  6. Spinor Lie derivatives and Fermion stress-energies

    CERN Document Server

    Helfer, Adam D

    2016-01-01

    Stress-energies for Fermi fields are derived from the principle of general covariance. This is done by developing a notion of Lie derivatives of spinors along arbitrary vector fields. A substantial theory of such derivatives was first introduced by Kosmann; here I show how an apparent conflict in the literature on this is due to a difference in the definitions of spinors, and that tracking the Lie derivative of the Infeld-van der Waerden symbol, as well as the spinor fields under consideration, gives a fuller picture of the geometry and leads to the Fermion stress-energy. The differences in the definitions of spinors do not affect the results here, but could matter in certain quantum-gravity programs and for spinor transformations under discrete symmetries.

  7. Seiberg-Witten for $Spin(n)$ with Spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Chacaltana, Oscar; Trimm, Anderson

    2014-01-01

    $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric $Spin(n)$ gauge theory admits hypermultiplets in spinor representations of the gauge group, compatible with $\\beta\\leq0$, for $n\\leq 14$. The theories with $\\beta<0$ can be obtained as mass-deformations of the $\\beta=0$ theories, so it is of greatest interest to construct the $\\beta=0$ theories. In previous works, we discussed the $n\\leq8$ theories. Here, we turn to the $9\\leq n\\leq 14$ cases. By compactifying the $D_N$ (2,0) theory on a 4-punctured sphere, we find Seiberg-Witten solutions to almost all of the remaining cases. There are five theories, however, which do not seem to admit a realization from six dimensions.

  8. Pure spinor equations to lift gauged supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosa, Dario; Tomasiello, Alessandro [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano-Bicocca, and INFN, sezione di Milano-Bicocca,I-20126 Milano (Italy)

    2014-01-31

    We rewrite the equations for ten-dimensional supersymmetry in a way formally identical to a necessary and sufficient G-structure system in N=2 gauged supergravity, where all four-dimensional quantities are replaced by combinations of pure spinors and fluxes in the internal space. This provides a way to look for lifts of BPS solutions without having to reduce or even rewrite the ten-dimensional action. In particular this avoids the problem of consistent truncation, and the introduction of unphysical gravitino multiplets.

  9. spinney: A Form library for helicity spinors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, G.; Koch-Janusz, M.; Reiter, T.

    2011-11-01

    In this work, the library spinney is presented, which provides an implementation of helicity spinors and related algorithms for the symbolical manipulation program Form. The package is well suited for symbolic amplitude calculations both in traditional, Feynman diagram based approaches and unitarity-based techniques. Program summaryProgram title: spinney Catalogue identifier: AEJQ_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEJQ_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 21 128 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 377 589 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Form Computer: Any supporting the Form language Operating system: Any supporting the Form language Classification: 4.4, 5, 11.1 Nature of problem: Implementation of the spinor-helicity formalism Solution method: Form implementation Running time: From actual calculations of all six-point one-loop diagrams of the process gg→qq¯qq bounds of 50 ms

  10. Wigner function for the Dirac oscillator in spinor space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Kai; WANG Jian-Hua; YUAN Yi

    2011-01-01

    The Wigner function for the Dirac oscillator in spinor space is studied in this paper.Firstly,since the Dirac equation is described as a matrix equation in phase space,it is necessary to define the Wigner function as a matrix function in spinor space.Secondly,the matrix form of the Wigner function is proven to support the Dirac equation.Thirdly,by solving the Dirac equation,energy levels and the Wigner function for the Dirac oscillator in spinor space are obtained.

  11. On the Spinor Representation of Surfaces in Euclidean 3-Space

    CERN Document Server

    Friedrich, T

    1997-01-01

    The aim of the present paper is to clarify the relationship between immersions of surfaces and solutions of the inhomogeneous Dirac equation. The main idea leading to the description of a surface M^2 by a spinor field is the observation that the restriction to M^2 of any parallel spinor phi on R^3 is (with respect to the inner geometry of M^2) a non-trivial spinor field on M^2 of constant length which is a solution of the inhomogeneous Dirac equation and vice versa.

  12. Generalization of the Majorana equation for real spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Teruel, Ginés R Pérez

    2016-01-01

    We show that the Dirac equation for real spinors can be naturally decomposed into a system of two first-order relativistic wave equations. The decomposition separates in a transparent way the real and imaginary parts of the Dirac equation by means of two algebraic differential operators, allowing to describe real spinors in any representation of the Dirac matrices maintaining the reality condition $\\tilde{\\Psi}=\\tilde{\\Psi}^{*}$ unaltered. In addition, it is shown that the Majorana wave equation is a particular case of the relativistic system of equations deduced in this paper. We also briefly discuss how the formalism can be extended to deal with complex (charged) spinors.

  13. Unified description of quarks and leptons in a multi-spinor field formalism

    CERN Document Server

    Sogami, Ikuo S

    2016-01-01

    Multi-spinor fields which behave as triple-tensor products of the Dirac spinors and form reducible representations of the Lorentz group describe three families of ordinary quarks and leptons in the visible sector and an additional family of exotic dark quarks and leptons in the dark sector of the Universe. Apart from the ordinary set of the gauge and Higgs fields in the visible sector, another set of gauge and Higgs fields belonging to the dark sector are assumed to exist. Two sectors possess channels of communication through gravity and a bi-quadratic interaction between the two types of Higgs fields. A candidate for the main component of the dark matter is a stable dark hadron with spin 3/2, and the upper limit of its mass is estimated to be 15.1 GeV/c$^2$.

  14. Ondelettes: The spinor QED3 connection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battle, Guy

    1990-07-01

    It is known that the formal perturbation theory of spinor quantum electrodynamics in three space-time dimensions requires no ultraviolet renormalization. We introduce an ondelette cluster expansion (with an infrared cutoff) which converges without counter-terms for weak coupling, thus making the knowledge rigorous. Following the formalism of Lesniewski, we integrate out the bosons at the outset to make the genuine absence of a large-field problem transparent. The combinatoric part of the convergence proof—indeed the precise case-by-case definition of the inductive expansion—is reserved for a subsequent paper. In this paper we publicize the language of ondelette diagrams—originally introduced by Federbush—and describe the correspondence to Feynman diagrams.

  15. Nonlinear Spinor Fields in Bianchi type-III spacetime

    CERN Document Server

    Saha, Bijan

    2016-01-01

    Within the scope of Bianchi type-III spacetime we study the role of spinor field on the evolution of the Universe as well as the influence of gravity on the spinor field. In doing so we have considered a polynomial type of nonlinearity. In this case the spacetime remains locally rotationally symmetric and anisotropic all the time. It is found that depending on the sign of nonlinearity the models allows both accelerated and oscillatory modes of expansion. The non-diagonal components of energy-momentum tensor though impose some restrictions on metric functions and components of spinor field, unlike Bianchi type I, V and $VI_0$ cases, they do not lead to vanishing mass and nonlinear terms of the spinor field.

  16. Neutrino mixing from the double tetrahedral group $T^{\\prime}$

    CERN Document Server

    Aranda, Alfredo

    2007-01-01

    It is shown that it is possible to create successful models of flavor for both quarks and leptons using the discrete non-abelian group $T^{\\prime}$ by itself. Two simple realizations are presented that can be used as the starting point for more general scenarios. In addition to the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model particle content, the models include three generations of right handed neutrinos and four scalar flavon fields. Three of the flavons are needed in the quark and charged lepton sector of the models and the fourth flavon participates only in the neutrino sector.

  17. The geometry of D=11 null killing spinors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gauntlett, Jerome P.; Gutowski, Jan B. E-mail: gutowski@maths.ox.ac.uk; Stathis Pakis

    2003-12-01

    We determine the necessary and sufficient conditions on the metric and the four-form for the most general bosonic supersymmetric configurations of D=11 supergravity which admit a null Killing spinor i.e. a Killing spinor which can be used to construct a null Killing vector. This class covers all supersymmetric time-dependent configurations and completes the classification of the most general supersymmetric configurations initiated in hep-th/0212008. (author)

  18. The Geometry of D=11 Null Killing Spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Gauntlett, J P; Pakis, S

    2003-01-01

    We determine the necessary and sufficient conditions on the metric and the four-form for the most general bosonic supersymmetric configurations of D=11 supergravity which admit a null Killing spinor i.e. a Killing spinor which can be used to construct a null Killing vector. This class covers all supersymmetric time-dependent configurations and completes the classification of the most general supersymmetric configurations initiated in hep-th/0212008.

  19. Spins and charges in Grassmann space and Kähler spinors in space of differential forms

    CERN Document Server

    Borstnik, Norma Mankoc; Borstnik, Norma Mankoc; Nielsen, Holger Bech

    1999-01-01

    One of us got spins and charges of not only scalars and vectors but also of spinors out of fields, which are antisymmetric tensor fields. Kahler got spins of spinors out of differential forms, which again are antisymmetric tensor fields. Using our simple Grassmann formulation of spins and charges of either spinors or vectors and comparing it to the Dirac-Kahler formulation of spinors, we generalize the Dirac-Kahler approach to vector internal degrees of freedom and to charges of either spinors or vectors and tenzors and point out how at all spinors can appear in both approaches.

  20. Hidden symmetries and Lie algebra structures from geometric and supergravity Killing spinors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Açık, Özgür; Ertem, Ümit

    2016-08-01

    We consider geometric and supergravity Killing spinors and the spinor bilinears constructed out of them. The spinor bilinears of geometric Killing spinors correspond to the antisymmetric generalizations of Killing vector fields which are called Killing-Yano forms. They constitute a Lie superalgebra structure in constant curvature spacetimes. We show that the Dirac currents of geometric Killing spinors satisfy a Lie algebra structure up to a condition on 2-form spinor bilinears. We propose that the spinor bilinears of supergravity Killing spinors give way to different generalizations of Killing vector fields to higher degree forms. It is also shown that those supergravity Killing forms constitute a Lie algebra structure in six- and ten-dimensional cases. For five- and eleven-dimensional cases, the Lie algebra structure depends on an extra condition on supergravity Killing forms.

  1. Spinor-vector duality in fermionic Z{sub 2}xZ{sub 2} heterotic orbifold models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faraggi, Alon E. [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZL (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: faraggi@amtp.liv.ac.uk; Kounnas, Costas [Laboratory Physique Theorique, Ecole Normale Superieure, F-75231 Paris 05 (France); Rizos, John [Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, GR45110 Ioannina (Greece)

    2007-07-09

    We continue the classification of the fermionic Z{sub 2}xZ{sub 2} heterotic string vacua with symmetric internal shifts. The space of models is spanned by working with a fixed set of boundary condition basis vectors and by varying the sets of independent Generalized GSO (GGSO) projection coefficients (discrete torsion). This includes the Calabi-Yau like compactifications with (2,2) world-sheet superconformal symmetry, as well as more general vacua with only (2,0) superconformal symmetry. In contrast to our earlier classification that utilized a Monte Carlo technique to generate random sets of GGSO phases, in this paper we present the results of a complete classification of the subclass of the models in which the four-dimensional gauge group arises solely from the null sector. In line with the results of the statistical classification we find a bell shaped distribution that peaks at vanishing net number of generations and with {approx}15% of the models having three net chiral families. The complete classification reveals a novel spinor-vector duality symmetry over the entire space of vacua. The S{sub t}-barV duality interchanges the spinor plus anti-spinor representations with vector representations. We present the data that demonstrates the spinor-vector duality. We illustrate the existence of a duality map in a concrete example. We provide a general algebraic proof for the existence of the S{sub t}-barV duality map. We discuss the case of self-dual solutions with an equal number of vectors and spinors, in the presence and absence of E{sub 6} gauge symmetry, and presents a couple of concrete examples of self-dual models without E{sub 6} symmetry.

  2. Doubled lattice Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills theories with discrete gauge group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspar, S.; Mesterházy, D.; Olesen, T. Z.; Vlasii, N. D.; Wiese, U.-J.

    2016-11-01

    We construct doubled lattice Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills theories with discrete gauge group G in the Hamiltonian formulation. Here, these theories are considered on a square spatial lattice and the fundamental degrees of freedom are defined on pairs of links from the direct lattice and its dual, respectively. This provides a natural lattice construction for topologically-massive gauge theories, which are invariant under parity and time-reversal symmetry. After defining the building blocks of the doubled theories, paying special attention to the realization of gauge transformations on quantum states, we examine the dynamics in the group space of a single cross, which is spanned by a single link and its dual. The dynamics is governed by the single-cross electric Hamiltonian and admits a simple quantum mechanical analogy to the problem of a charged particle moving on a discrete space affected by an abstract electromagnetic potential. Such a particle might accumulate a phase shift equivalent to an Aharonov-Bohm phase, which is manifested in the doubled theory in terms of a nontrivial ground-state degeneracy on a single cross. We discuss several examples of these doubled theories with different gauge groups including the cyclic group Z(k) ⊂ U(1) , the symmetric group S3 ⊂ O(2) , the binary dihedral (or quaternion) group D¯2 ⊂ SU(2) , and the finite group Δ(27) ⊂ SU(3) . In each case the spectrum of the single-cross electric Hamiltonian is determined exactly. We examine the nature of the low-lying excited states in the full Hilbert space, and emphasize the role of the center symmetry for the confinement of charges. Whether the investigated doubled models admit a non-Abelian topological state which allows for fault-tolerant quantum computation will be addressed in a future publication.

  3. Spin gauge field theory of electric and magnetic spinors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chisholm, J.S.R.; Farwell, R.S. (Kent Univ., Canterbury (UK))

    1981-06-05

    In the first section, a gauge theory of an unquantized generalized electron interacting with the electromagnetic field through two vector potentials is formulated, based on invariance of the Lagrangian under an algebra of spin space transformations. The covariant derivative is essentially expressed in terms of spin space operators. It is not possible to define dual monopole spinors in a four-component theory. However, a modified eight-component generalized electron gauge theory transforms into a dual monopole theory by using a square root of the charge conjugation operator. The covariant derivatives of the two spinors are members of a continuous set, and define curvature and torsion in spin space corresponding to the two spinors. Physically important 'weak spin curvature' is closely related to the total electromagnetic field. Possible physical interpretations and extensions of the theory are discussed.

  4. Nonresonant optical control of a spinor polariton condensate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Askitopoulos, A.; Kalinin, K.; Liew, T. C. H.; Cilibrizzi, P.; Hatzopoulos, Z.; Savvidis, P. G.; Berloff, N. G.; Lagoudakis, P. G.

    2016-05-01

    We investigate the spin dynamics of polariton condensates spatially separated from and effectively confined by the pumping exciton reservoir. We obtain a strong correlation between the ellipticity of the nonresonant optical pump and the degree of circular polarization (DCP) of the condensate at the onset of condensation. With increasing excitation density we observe a reversal of the DCP. The spin dynamics of the trapped condensate are described within the framework of the spinor complex Ginzburg-Landau equations in the Josephson regime, where the dynamics of the system are reduced to a current-driven Josephson junction. We show that the observed spin reversal is due to the interplay between an internal Josephson coupling effect and the detuning of the two projections of the spinor condensate via transition from a synchronized to a desynchronized regime. These results suggest that spinor polariton condensates can be controlled by tuning the nonresonant excitation density offering applications in electrically pumped polariton spin switches.

  5. Spinor Boltzmann Equation with Two Momenta at the Fermi Level

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王正川

    2012-01-01

    Based on the formalism of Keldysh's nonequilibrium Green function, we establish a two momenta spinor Boltzmann equation for longitudinal scalar distribution function and transverse vector distribution function. The lon- gitudinal charge currents, transverse spin currents and the continuity equations satisfied by them are then studied, it indicates that both the charge currents and spin currents decay oscillately along with position, which is due to the momenta integral over the Fermi surface. We also compare our charge currents and spin currents with the corresponding results of one momentum spinor Boltzmann equation, the differences are obvious.

  6. Pure Spinors, Free Differential Algebras, and the Supermembrane

    CERN Document Server

    Fré, P; Fre', Pietro; Grassi, Pietro Antonio

    2007-01-01

    The lagrangian formalism for the supermembrane in any 11d supergravity background is constructed in the pure spinor framework. Our gauge-fixed action is manifestly BRST, supersymmetric, and 3d Lorentz invariant. The relation between the Free Differential Algebras (FDA) underlying 11d supergravity and the BRST symmetry of the membrane action is exploited. The "gauge-fixing" has a natural interpretation as the variation of the Chevalley cohomology class needed for the extension of 11d super-Poincare' superalgebra to M-theory FDA. We study the solution of the pure spinor constraints in full detail.

  7. One real function instead of the Dirac spinor function

    CERN Document Server

    Akhmeteli, Andrey

    2010-01-01

    Schr\\"{o}dinger (Nature, v.169, p.538(1952)) noted that for each solution of the equations of scalar electrodynamics (the Klein-Gordon-Maxwell electrodynamics) there is a physically equivalent (i.e. coinciding with it up to a gauge transform) solution with a real matter field, despite the widespread belief about charged fields requiring complex representation. Surprisingly, the same result is true for spinor electrodynamics (the Dirac-Maxwell electrodynamics): the Dirac equation for the four complex components of the spinor function can be replaced by a fourth-order equation for one of those components, and this component can be made real by a gauge transform.

  8. Quantum Fourier Transforms and the Complexity of Link Invariants for Quantum Doubles of Finite Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Krovi, Hari; Russell, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    Knot and link invariants naturally arise from any braided Hopf algebra. We consider the computational complexity of the invariants arising from an elementary family of finite-dimensional Hopf algebras: quantum doubles of finite groups (denoted D(G), for a group G). Regarding algorithms for these invariants, we develop quantum circuits for the quantum Fourier transform over D(G); in general, we show that when one can uniformly and efficiently carry out the quantum Fourier transform over the ce...

  9. Drinfeld Doubles for Finite Subgroups of SU(2 and SU(3 Lie Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Coquereaux

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Drinfeld doubles of finite subgroups of SU(2 and SU(3 are investigated in detail. Their modular data – S, T and fusion matrices – are computed explicitly, and illustrated by means of fusion graphs. This allows us to reexamine certain identities on these tensor product or fusion multiplicities under conjugation of representations that had been discussed in our recent paper [J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 44 (2011, 295208, 26 pages], proved to hold for simple and affine Lie algebras, and found to be generally wrong for finite groups. It is shown here that these identities fail also in general for Drinfeld doubles, indicating that modularity of the fusion category is not the decisive feature. Along the way, we collect many data on these Drinfeld doubles which are interesting for their own sake and maybe also in a relation with the theory of orbifolds in conformal field theory.

  10. Ambitwistor pure spinor string in a type II supergravity background

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandia, Osvaldo [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Peñalolén, Santiago (Chile); Vallilo, Brenno Carlini [Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andres Bello,República 220, Santiago (Chile)

    2015-06-30

    We construct the ambitwistor pure spinor string in a general type II supergravity background in the semi-classical regime. Almost all supergravity constraints are obtained from nilpotency of the BRST charge and further consistency conditions from additional world-sheet the case of AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} background.

  11. Universal few-body physics in resonantly interacting spinor condensates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colussi, V. E.; Greene, Chris H.; D'Incao, J. P.

    2016-03-01

    Optical trapping techniques allow for the formation of bosonic condensates with internal degrees of freedom, so-called spinor condensates. Mean-field models of spinor condensates highlight the sensitivity of the quantum phases of the system to the relative strength of the two-body interaction in the different spin-channels. Such a description captures the regime where these interactions are weak. In the opposite and largely unexplored regime of strongly correlated spinor condensates, three-body interactions can play an important role through the Efimov effect, producing possible novel phases. Here, we study the three-body spinor problem using the hyperspherical adiabatic representation for spin-1, -2 and -3 condensates in the strongly-correlated regime. We characterize the Efimov physics for such systems and the relevant three-body mean-field parameters. We find that the Efimov effect can strongly affect the spin dynamics and three-body mean-field contributions to the possible quantum phases of the condensate through universal contributions to scattering observables.

  12. Spontaneous symmetry breaking in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scherer, Manuel; Lücke, Bernd; Peise, Jan;

    2013-01-01

    We present an analytical model for the theoretical analysis of spin dynamics and spontaneous symmetry breaking in a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC). This allows for an excellent intuitive understanding of the processes and provides good quantitative agreement with the experimental results...

  13. GGI Lectures on the Pure Spinor Formalism of the Superstring

    CERN Document Server

    Bedoya, Oscar A

    2009-01-01

    Notes taken by Oscar A. Bedoya of lectures of Nathan Berkovits in June 2009 at the Galileo Galilei Institute School "New Perspectives in String Theory". Topics include the pure spinor superparticle and superstring, tree and loop amplitudes, Ramond-Ramond backgrounds, and open problems.

  14. Integral spinor norms in dyadic local fields Ⅲ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we give an alternative computation of integral spinor norms over dyadic local fields by using the Jordan decomposition of W-type.In particular,we emphasize the striking similarity between the theory over dyadic local fields and that over the local fields of characteristic 2.

  15. Spontaneous Breaking of Spatial and Spin Symmetry in Spinor Condensates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scherer, M.; Lücke, B.; Gebreyesus, G.;

    2010-01-01

    Parametric amplification of quantum fluctuations constitutes a fundamental mechanism for spontaneous symmetry breaking. In our experiments, a spinor condensate acts as a parametric amplifier of spin modes, resulting in a twofold spontaneous breaking of spatial and spin symmetry in the amplified...

  16. On the bilinear covariants associated to mass dimension one spinors

    CERN Document Server

    da Silva, J M Hoff; Rogerio, R J Bueno; Scatena, E

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we approach the issue of Clifford algebra basis deformation, allowing for bilinear covariants associated to Elko spinors which satisfy the Fierz-Pauli-Kofink identities. We present a complete analysis of covariance, taking into account the involved dual structure associated to Elko. Moreover, the possible generalizations to the recently presented new dual structure are performed.

  17. A characterization of the Einstein tensor in terms of spinors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, I.M.; Lovelock, D.

    1976-06-01

    All tensors of contravariant rank two which are divergence-free on one index, concomitants of a spinor field sigma/sub iAX'/ together with its first two partial derivatives, and scalars under spin transformations are constructed. The Einstein and metric tensors are the only candidates. (AIP)

  18. Representation-independent manipulations with Dirac matrices and spinors

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Dirac matrices, also known as gamma matrices, are defined only up to a similarity transformation. Usually, some explicit representation of these matrices is assumed in order to deal with them. In this article, we show how it is possible to proceed without any such assumption. Various important identities involving Dirac matrices and spinors have been derived without assuming any representation at any stage.

  19. Self-assembly of double-tail anionic surfactant having cyanobiphenyl terminal groups in water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagisaka, Masanobu; Hino, Masaya; Nakanishi, Yusuke; Inui, Yosuke; Kawaguchi, Tetsuya; Tsuchiya, Koji; Sakai, Hideki; Abe, Masahiko; Yoshizawa, Atsushi

    2009-09-01

    This study reports the interfacial properties and lyotropic liquid crystal formation of sodium 1,2-bis{6-[4-(4-cyanophenyl)phenyloxy]hexyloxycarbonyl}ethanesulfonate (SBCPHS), which is a double-tail surfactant with cyanobiphenyl terminal groups, in water. Polarized microscopic observation of water/SBCPHS mixtures revealed the presence of columnar and lamellar phases. In the lamellar phase, myelin figures representing multilamellar tubes were observed, and some of these figures had a double-helix structure. In order to examine these liquid crystal structures in detail, the bilayer thickness of the lamellar tubes and the lattice parameters of the columnar phase were measured by small-angle X-ray scattering analysis. Four scattering peaks that could be ascribed to C2/m symmetry were observed for the columnar phase. The bilayer thickness and one of the lattice parameters were smaller than twice the molecular length of SBCPHS; this showed that the liquid crystal phases had intercalated structures. Comparison of SBCPHS with a typical double-tail hydrocarbon surfactant revealed that the cyanobiphenyl terminal groups in the former helped increase the stability of the liquid crystal formed at low temperatures. The stabilizing effect of the cyanobiphenyl terminal groups on the liquid crystals could have been driven by electrostatic intermolecular interactions between the terminal groups in antiparallel arrangement of the SBCPHS molecules.

  20. Elko Spinor Fields and Massive Magnetic Like Monopoles

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, E. Capelas; Rodrigues, W. A.; Vaz, J.

    2014-12-01

    In this paper we recall that by construction Elko spinor fields of λ and ρ types satisfy a coupled system of first order partial differential equations ( csfopde) that once interacted leads to Klein-Gordon equations for the λ and ρ type fields. Since the csfopde is the basic one and since the Klein-Gordon equations for λ and ρ possess solutions that are not solutions of the csfopde for λ and ρ we infer that it is legitimate to attribute to those fields mass dimension 3/2 (as is the case of Dirac spinor fields) and not mass dimension 1 as previously suggested in recent literature (see list of references). A proof of this fact is offered by deriving the csfopde for the λ and ρ from a Lagrangian where these fields have indeed mass dimension 3/2. Taking seriously the view that Elko spinor fields due to its special properties given by their bilinear invariants may be the description of some kind of particles in the real world a question then arises: what is the physical meaning of these fields? Here we proposed that the fields λ and ρ serve the purpose of building the fields and (see (37)). These fields are electrically neutral but carry magnetic like charges which permit them to couple to a valued potential . If the field is of short range the particles described by the and fields may be interacting and forming condensates of zero spin particles analogous to dark matter, in the sense that they do not couple with the electromagnetic field (generated by charged particles) and are thus invisible. Also, since according to our view the Elko spinor fields as well as the and fields are of mass dimension 3/2 we show how to calculate the correct propagators for the and fields. We discuss also the main difference between Elko and Majorana spinor fields, which are kindred since both belong to class five in Lounesto classification of spinor fields. Most of our presentation uses the representation of spinor fields in the Clifford bundle formalism, which makes very clear

  1. Spinor bose gases in cubic optical lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mobarak, Mohamed Saidan Sayed Mohamed

    2014-01-27

    In recent years the quantum simulation of condensed-matter physics problems has resulted from exciting experimental progress in the realm of ultracold atoms and molecules in optical lattices. In this thesis we analyze theoretically a spinor Bose gas loaded into a three-dimensional cubic optical lattice. In order to account for different superfluid phases of spin-1 bosons with a linear Zeeman effect, we work out a Ginzburg-Landau theory for the underlying spin-1 Bose-Hubbard model. To this end we add artificial symmetry-breaking currents to the spin-1 Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian in order to break the global U (1) symmetry. With this we determine a diagrammatic expansion of the grand-canonical free energy up to fourth order in the symmetry-breaking currents and up to the leading non-trivial order in the hopping strength which is of first order. As a cross-check we demonstrate that the resulting grand-canonical free energy allows to recover the mean-field theory. Applying a Legendre transformation to the grand-canonical free energy, where the symmetry-breaking currents are transformed to order parameters, we obtain the effective Ginzburg-Landau action. With this we calculate in detail at zero temperature the Mott insulator-superfluid quantum phase boundary as well as condensate and particle number density in the superfluid phase. We find that both mean-field and Ginzburg-Landau theory yield the same quantum phase transition between the Mott insulator and superfluid phases, but the range of validity of the mean-field theory turns out to be smaller than that of the Ginzburg-Landau theory. Due to this finding we expect that the Ginzburg-Landau theory gives better results for the superfluid phase and, thus, we restrict ourselves to extremize only the effective Ginzburg-Landau action with respect to the order parameters. Without external magnetic field the superfluid phase is a polar (ferromagnetic) state for anti-ferromagnetic (ferromagnetic) interactions, i.e. only the

  2. Group-delay Dispersion in Double-prism Pair and Limitation in Broadband Laser Pulses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程昭; 赵卫

    2002-01-01

    A general expression of group-delay dispersion is obtained without any approximation for a pair of double prisms with an arbitrary apex angle. This expression also includes the change of dispersion resulting from change in insertion of the prism material into the beam by translating prism-pairs. The high-order dispersion can be calculated by means of this expression. The limitation for generation of negative group-delay dispersion by use of prism-pairs is presented for ultrashort laser pulses with broadband spectrum.

  3. Inorganic SnIP-type double helices in main group chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumgartner, Maximilian; Weihrich, Richard; Nilges, Tom

    2017-03-01

    Inspired by the synthesis of the first atomic-scale double helix semiconductor SnIP this study deals with the question if more atomistic, inorganic double helix compounds are accessible. With the aid of quantum chemical calculations we have identified 31 candidates by a homoatomic substitution in MXPn, varying the group 4 M-element from Si to Pb, the group 7 X-element from F to I and replacing the pnictide (Pn) phosphorus by arsenic. The double-helical structure of SnIP has been used as the starting model for all candidates and the electronic structure and vibrational spectra were determined within the Framework of Density Functional Theory (DFT). Varying the outer MX or the inner Pn helix led to the conclusion that iodide and bromide containing MXPn compounds show similar structures to SnIP. Here, the calculations indicate interesting effects for electronic band gap tuning. For the highly polarized fluorides a segregation of the helices to more complex MX substructures is predicted.

  4. Spinor-vector duality in heterotic SUSY vacua

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Catelin-Jullien, Tristan [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, F-75231 Paris cedex 05 (France)], E-mail: catelin@lpt.ens.fr; Faraggi, Alon E. [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZL (United Kingdom)], E-mail: alon.faraggi@liv.ac.uk; Kounnas, Costas [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, F-75231 Paris cedex 05 (France)], E-mail: costas.kounnas@lpt.ens.fr; Rizos, John [Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, GR45110 Ioannina (Greece)], E-mail: irizos@uoi.gr

    2009-05-01

    We elaborate on the recently discovered spinor-vector duality in realistic free fermionic heterotic vacua. We emphasize the interpretation of the freely-acting orbifolds carried out on the six internal dimensions as coordinate-dependent compactifications; they play a central role in the duality, especially because of their ability to break the right-moving superconformal algebra of the space-time supersymmetric heterotic vacua. These considerations lead to a simple and intuitive proof of the spinor-vector duality, and to the formulation of explicit rules to find the dual of a given model. We discuss the interest of such a duality, notably concerning the structure of the space of vacua of superstring theory.

  5. Clifford Algebras, Pure Spinors and the Physics of Fermions

    CERN Document Server

    Budinich, P

    2002-01-01

    The equations defining pure spinors are interpreted as equations of motion formulated on the lightcone of a ten-dimensional, lorentzian, momentum space. Most of the equations for fermion multiplets, usually adopted by particle physics, are then naturally obtained and their properties like internal symmetries, charges, families appear to be due to the correlation of the associated Clifford algebras, with the 3 complex division algebras: complex numbers at the origin of U(1) and charges; quaternions at the origin of SU(2); families and octonions at the origin of SU(3). Pure spinors instead could be relevant not only because the underlying momentum space results compact, but also because it may throw light on some aspects of particle physics, like: masses, charges, constraint relations, supersymmetry and epistemology.

  6. Pure Spinor Superstrings on Generic type IIA Supergravity Backgrounds

    CERN Document Server

    D'Auria, R; Grassi, P A; Trigiante, M

    2008-01-01

    We derive the Free Differential Algebra for type IIA supergravity in 10 dimensions in the string frame. We provide all fermionic terms for all curvatures. We derive the Green-Schwarz sigma model for type IIA superstring based on the FDA construction and we check its invariance under kappa-symmetry. Finally, we derive the pure spinor sigma model and we check the BRST invariance. The present derivation has the advantage that the resulting sigma model is constructed in terms of the superfields appearing in the FDA and therefore one can directly relate a supergravity background with the corresponding sigma model. The complete explicit form of the BRST transformations is given and some new pure spinor constraints are obtained. Finally, the explicit form of the action is given.

  7. Spinor calculus for q-deformed quantum spaces II

    CERN Document Server

    Schmidt, Alexander

    2007-01-01

    This is the second part of an article about q-deformed analogs of spinor calculus. The considerations refer to quantum spaces of physical interest, i.e. q-deformed Euclidean space in three or four dimensions as well as q-deformed Minkowski space. The Clifford algebras corresponding to these quantum spaces are treated. Especially, their commutation relations and their Hopf structures are written down. Bases of the four-dimensional Clifford algebras are constructed and their properties are discussed. Matrix representations of the Clifford algebras lead to q-deformed Dirac-matrices for the four-dimensional quantum spaces. Moreover, q-analogs of the four-dimensional spin matrices are presented. A very complete set of trace relations and rearrangement formulae concerning spin and Dirac-matrices is given. Dirac spinors together with their bilinear covariants are defined. Their behavior under q-deformed Lorentz transformation is discussed in detail.

  8. Hot dense magnetized ultrarelativistic spinor matter in a slab

    CERN Document Server

    Sitenko, Yu A

    2016-01-01

    Properties of hot dense ultrarelativistic spinor matter in a slab of finite width, placed in a transverse uniform magnetic field, are studied. The admissible set of boundary conditions is determined by the requirement that spinor matter be confined inside the slab. In thermal equilibrium, the chiral separation effect in the slab is shown to depend both on temperature and chemical potential; this is distinct from the unrealistic case of the magnetic field filling the unbounded (infinite) medium, when the effect is temperature-independent. In the realistic case of the slab, a stepwise behaviour of the axial current density at zero temperature is smoothed out as temperature increases, turning into a linear behaviour at infinitely large temperature. A choice of boundary conditions can facilitate either augmentation or attenuation of the chiral separation effect; in particular, the effect can persist even at zero chemical potential, if temperature is nonzero. Thus the boundary condition can serve as a source that ...

  9. Spinors, strings, integrable models, and decomposed Yang-Mills theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ioannidou, Theodora; Jiang, Ying; Niemi, Antti J.

    2014-07-01

    This paper deals with various interrelations between strings and surfaces in three-dimensional ambient space, two-dimensional integrable models, and two-dimensional and four-dimensional decomposed SU(2) Yang-Mills theories. Initially, a spinor version of the Frenet equation is introduced in order to describe the differential geometry of static three-dimensional stringlike structures. Then its relation to the structure of the su_(2) Lie algebra valued Maurer-Cartan one-form is presented, while by introducing time evolution of the string a Lax pair is obtained, as an integrability condition. In addition, it is shown how the Lax pair of the integrable nonlinear Schrödinger equation becomes embedded into the Lax pair of the time extended spinor Frenet equation, and it is described how a spinor-based projection operator formalism can be used to construct the conserved quantities, in the case of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Then the Lax pair structure of the time extended spinor Frenet equation is related to properties of flat connections in a two-dimensional decomposed SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. In addition, the connection between the decomposed Yang-Mills and the Gauß-Codazzi equation that describes surfaces in three-dimensional ambient space is presented. In that context the relation between isothermic surfaces and integrable models is discussed. Finally, the utility of the Cartan approach to differential geometry is considered. In particular, the similarities between the Cartan formalism and the structure of both two-dimensional and four-dimensional decomposed SU(2) Yang-Mills theories are discussed, while the description of two-dimensional integrable models as embedded structures in the four-dimensional decomposed SU(2) Yang-Mills theory are presented.

  10. Force-Free Electromagnetic Fields within Spinor Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. N. Trishin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with spinor representation of the force-free electrodynamics. The equations of the force-free electromagnetic field describe the physics of pulsars and black holes whose magnetospheres are filled with magnetically dominated relativistic plasma.The paper is a brief pedagogical introduction to the mathematics of the subject, based on 2-spinor calculi. The objective is to present the nonlinear theory of force-free fields in a compact and elegant form that the spinor framework provides. First, the algebraic classification of the Maxwell tensor is presented. Then, the reduced system of differential equations is obtained for two types of electromagnetic field and the basic features of the solutions are described.  The null force-free field is connected with the shear-free geodesic null congruence in a space-time and is derived from a linear equation for a complex function. The magnetic force-free field is associated with the time-like 2-surface that represents the world-sheet of magnetic field line. The simplified system includes 4 linear differential equations for a real function. The article is educational in nature and there are no new solutions of force-free equations obtained.

  11. Elko Spinor Fields and Massive Magnetic Like Monopoles

    CERN Document Server

    de Oliveira, E Capelas; Vaz, J

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we recall that by construction Elko spinor fields of {\\lambda} and {\\rho} types satisfy a coupled system of first order partial differential equations (csfopde) that once interacted leads to Klein-Gordon equations for the {\\lambda} and {\\rho} type fields. Since the csfopde is the basic one and since the Klein-Gordon equations for {\\lambda} and {\\rho} possess solutions that are not solutions of the csfopde for {\\lambda} and {\\rho} we infer that it is legitimate to attribute to those fields mass dimension 3/2 (as is the case of Dirac spinor fields) and not mass dimension 1 as previously suggested in recent literature (see list of references). A proof of this fact is offered by deriving the csfopde for the {\\lambda} and {\\rho} from a Lagrangian where these fields have indeed mass dimension 3/2. Taking seriously the view that Elko spinor fields due to its special properties given by their bilinear invariants may be the description of some kind of particles in the real world a question then arises: w...

  12. An irreducible massive superspin one half action built from the chiral dotted spinor superfield

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dixon, John A., E-mail: dixon@maths.ox.ac.uk

    2015-05-11

    Although the chiral dotted spinor superfield should describe a Massive Superspin One Half multiplet, it has not been obvious how to derive this from an action. In this paper this is done by including a chiral undotted spinor superfield, finding the BRST transformations that govern both of these, and then finding the action as an invariant of the transformations. It turns out that both kinds of spinor superfields are needed. Moreover, the BRST transformations for the two kinds of chiral spinor superfields are generated from each other by a special involution that exchanges Grassmann odd (even) sources with Grassmann even (odd) fields.

  13. An irreducible massive superspin one half action built from the chiral dotted spinor superfield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John A. Dixon

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Although the chiral dotted spinor superfield should describe a Massive Superspin One Half multiplet, it has not been obvious how to derive this from an action. In this paper this is done by including a chiral undotted spinor superfield, finding the BRST transformations that govern both of these, and then finding the action as an invariant of the transformations. It turns out that both kinds of spinor superfields are needed. Moreover, the BRST transformations for the two kinds of chiral spinor superfields are generated from each other by a special involution that exchanges Grassmann odd (even sources with Grassmann even (odd fields.

  14. From Pure Spinors to Quantum Physics and to Some Classical Field Equations Like Maxwell's and Gravitational

    CERN Document Server

    Budinich, Paolo

    2009-01-01

    In a previous paper [1] we proposed a purely mathematical way to quantum mechanics based on Cartan's simple spinors in their most elementary form of 2 components spinors. Here we proceed along that path proposing, this time, a symmetric tensor, quadrilinear in simple spinors, as a candidate for the symmetric tensor of general relativity. The procedure resembles closely that in which one builds bilinearly from simple spinors an asymmetric electromagnetic tensor, from which easily descend Maxwell's equations and the photon can be seen as a bilinear combination of neutrinos. Here Lorentzian spaces result compact, building up spheres, where hopefully the problems of the Standard Model could be solved.

  15. Nonlinear Spinor field in isotropic space-time and dark energy models

    CERN Document Server

    Saha, Bijan

    2016-01-01

    Within the scope of isotropic FRW cosmological model the role of nonlinear spinor field in the evolution of the Universe is studied. It is found that unlike in anisotropic cosmological models in the present case the spinor field does not possess nontrivial non-diagonal components of energy-momentum tensor. The spinor description of different matter was given and evolution of the Universe corresponding to these source is illustrated. In the framework of a three fluid system the utility of spinor description of matter is established.

  16. Doubled Lattice Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills Theories with Discrete Gauge Group

    CERN Document Server

    Caspar, Stephan; Olesen, Therkel Z; Vlasii, Nadiia D; Wiese, Uwe-Jens

    2016-01-01

    We construct doubled lattice Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills theories with discrete gauge group $G$ in the Hamiltonian formulation. Here, these theories are considered on a square spatial lattice and the fundamental degrees of freedom are defined on pairs of links from the direct lattice and its dual, respectively. This provides a natural lattice construction for topologically-massive gauge theories, which are invariant under parity and time-reversal symmetry. After defining the building blocks of the doubled theories, paying special attention to the realization of gauge transformations on quantum states, we examine the dynamics in the group space of a single cross, which is spanned by a single link and its dual. The dynamics is governed by the single-cross electric Hamiltonian and admits a simple quantum mechanical analogy to the problem of a charged particle moving on a discrete space affected by an abstract electromagnetic potential. Such a particle might accumulate a phase shift equivalent to an Aharonov-Bohm pha...

  17. Effect of double quaternary ammonium groups on micelle formation of partially fluorinated surfactant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuoka, Keisuke; Chiba, Nagisa; Yoshimura, Tomokazu; Takeuchi, Emi

    2011-04-15

    To investigate the effect of divalency on the micelle properties, we synthesized divalent cationic surfactants composed of fluorocarbons and double quaternary ammonium groups N,N-dimethyl-N-[2-(N'-trimethylammonium)ethyl]-1-(3-perfluoroalkyl-2-hydroxypropyl) ammonium bromide [C(n)(F)C(3)-2Am; where n (=8 or 10) represents the number of carbon atoms in the fluorocarbon chain]. The double quaternary ammonium groups are continuously combined by the ethylene spacer in the surfactant head group, which clearly distinguishes the molecular design of the surfactant from those of the other typical divalent surfactants, bolaform and gemini types. The presence of the divalent head group results in an advantageous increase in their solubility [i.e., rise in the critical micelle concentration (cmc)]; however, the extra electrostatic repulsion between divalent cations decreases the surface activity in comparison with monovalent homologous fluorinated surfactants. The cmc, surface tension at cmc, and area occupied by a surfactant molecule in aqueous solution at 298.2K are 4.32 mM, 30.6 mN m(-1), and 0.648 nm(2 )molecule(-1), respectively, for C(8)(F)C(3)-2Am, and 1.51 mM, 30.4 mN m(-1), and 0.817 nm(2) molecule(-1), respectively, for C(10)(F)C(3)-2Am. The micellar size and shape were investigated by dynamic light scattering and freeze-fracture transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The TEM micrographs show that C(n)(F)C(3)-2Am (n=8 and 10) mainly forms ellipsoidal micelles approximately 10-100 nm in size for n=8 and approximately 10-20 nm in size for n=10. The degree of counterion binding to micelle was determined by selective electrode potential measurements, and the results of 0.7-0.8 agree with the average values for conventional monovalent ionic surfactants.

  18. Molecular Renormalization Group Coarse-Graining of Polymer Chains: Application to Double-Stranded DNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savelyev, Alexey; Papoian, Garegin A.

    2009-01-01

    Coarse-graining of atomistic force fields allows us to investigate complex biological problems, occurring at long timescales and large length scales. In this work, we have developed an accurate coarse-grained model for double-stranded DNA chain, derived systematically from atomistic simulations. Our approach is based on matching correlators obtained from atomistic and coarse-grained simulations, for observables that explicitly enter the coarse-grained Hamiltonian. We show that this requirement leads to equivalency of the corresponding partition functions, resulting in a one-step renormalization. Compared to prior works exploiting similar ideas, the main novelty of this work is the introduction of a highly compact set of Hamiltonian basis functions, based on molecular interaction potentials. We demonstrate that such compactification allows us to reproduce many-body effects, generated by one-step renormalization, at low computational cost. In addition, compact Hamiltonians greatly increase the likelihood of finding unique solutions for the coarse-grained force-field parameter values. By successfully applying our molecular renormalization group coarse-graining technique to double-stranded DNA, we solved, for the first time, a long-standing problem in coarse-graining polymer systems, namely, how to accurately capture the correlations among various polymeric degrees of freedom. Excellent agreement is found among atomistic and coarse-grained distribution functions for various structural observables, including those not included in the Hamiltonian. We also suggest higher-order generalization of this method, which may allow capturing more subtle correlations in biopolymer dynamics. PMID:19450476

  19. Functional renormalization group study of parallel double quantum dots: Effects of asymmetric dot-lead couplings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Protsenko, V. S.; Katanin, A. A.

    2017-06-01

    We explore the effects of asymmetry of hopping parameters between double parallel quantum dots and the leads on the conductance and a possibility of local magnetic moment formation in this system using functional renormalization group approach with the counterterm. We demonstrate a possibility of a quantum phase transition to a local moment regime [so-called singular Fermi liquid (SFL) state] for various types of hopping asymmetries and discuss respective gate voltage dependencies of the conductance. We show that, depending on the type of the asymmetry, the system can demonstrate either a first-order quantum phase transition to an SFL state, accompanied by a discontinuous change of the conductance, similarly to the symmetric case, or the second-order quantum phase transition, in which the conductance is continuous and exhibits Fano-type asymmetric resonance near the transition point. A semianalytical explanation of these different types of conductance behavior is presented.

  20. New Spinor Field Realizations of the Non-Critical W3 String

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Li-Jie; LIU Yu-Xiao; REN Ji-Rong

    2006-01-01

    @@ We investigate the new spinor field realizations of the W3 algebra, making use of the fact that the W3 algebra can be linearized by the addition of a spin-1 current. We then use these new realizations to build the nilpotent Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin charges of the spinor non-critical W3 string.

  1. Decoupling of unphysical states in the minimal pure spinor formalism II

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Berkovits; J. Hoogeveen; K. Skenderis

    2009-01-01

    This is the second of a series of two papers where decoupling of unphysical states in the minimal pure spinor formalism is investigated. The multi-loop amplitude prescription for the minimal pure spinor superstring formulated in hep-th/0406055 involves the insertion of picture changing operators in

  2. Interpolating Helicity Spinors Between the Instant Form and the Light-front Form

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Ziyue; Ji, Chueng-Ryong

    2015-01-01

    We discuss the helicity spinors interpolating between the instant form dynamics (IFD) and the front form dynamics, or the light-front dynamics (LFD), and present the interpolating helicity amplitudes as well as their squares for the scattering of two fermions, and the annihilation of fermion and anti-fermion. We parametrize the interpolation between the two dynamics, IFD and LFD, by an interpolation angle and derive not only the generalized helicity spinors in the $(0,J)\\oplus(J,0)$ chiral representation that links naturally the two typical IFD vs. LFD helicity spinors but also the generalized Melosh transformation that relates these generalized helicity spinors to the usual Dirac spinors. Analyzing the directions of the particle momentum and spin with the variation of the interpolation angle, we inspect the whole landscape of the generalized helicity intermediating between the usual Jacob-Wick helicity in the IFD and the light-front helicity in the LFD. Our analysis clarifies the characteristic difference of...

  3. Induced representations of tensors and spinors of any rank in the Stueckelberg-Horwitz-Piron theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horwitz, Lawrence P.; Zeilig-Hess, Meir

    2015-09-01

    We show that a modification of Wigner's induced representation for the description of a relativistic particle with spin can be used to construct spinors and tensors of arbitrary rank, with invariant decomposition over angular momentum. In particular, scalar and vector fields, as well as the representations of their transformations, are constructed. The method that is developed here admits the construction of wave packets and states of a many body relativistic system with definite total angular momentum. Furthermore, a Pauli-Lubanski operator is constructed on the orbit of the induced representation which provides a Casimir operator for the Poincaré group and which contains the physical intrinsic angular momentum of the particle covariantly.

  4. Induced representations of tensors and spinors of any rank in the Stueckelberg-Horwitz-Piron theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horwitz, Lawrence P., E-mail: larry@post.tau.ac.il [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Science, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Physics Department, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52900 (Israel); Israel Physics Department, Ariel University, Ariel 40700 (Israel); Zeilig-Hess, Meir, E-mail: meirzh10@gmail.com [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Science, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)

    2015-09-15

    We show that a modification of Wigner’s induced representation for the description of a relativistic particle with spin can be used to construct spinors and tensors of arbitrary rank, with invariant decomposition over angular momentum. In particular, scalar and vector fields, as well as the representations of their transformations, are constructed. The method that is developed here admits the construction of wave packets and states of a many body relativistic system with definite total angular momentum. Furthermore, a Pauli-Lubanski operator is constructed on the orbit of the induced representation which provides a Casimir operator for the Poincaré group and which contains the physical intrinsic angular momentum of the particle covariantly.

  5. Infinitesimal moduli for the Strominger system and generalized Killing spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia-Fernandez, Mario; Tipler, Carl

    2015-01-01

    We construct the space of infinitesimal variations for the Strominger system and an obstruction space to integrability, using elliptic operator theory. Motivated by physics, we provide refinements of these finite-dimensional vector spaces using generalized geometry and establish a comparison with previous work by de la Ossa--Svanes and Anderson--Grey--Sharpe. Finally, we propose a unifying framework for metrics with $SU(3)$-holonomy and solutions of the Strominger system, by means of generalized Killing spinors equations on a Courant algebroid.

  6. Tunneling of Spinor Bose-Einstein Condensates in Optical Lattice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    In this letter, we have studied the tunneling effects and fluctuations of spinor Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattice. It is found that there exist tunneling effects and fluctuations between lattices l and l + 1, l and l - 1,respectively. In particular, when the optical lattice is infinitely long and the spin excitations are in the long-wavelength limit, tunneling effects disappear between lattices l and l+ 1, and l and l - 1. In this case the fluctuations are a constant,and the magnetic soliton appears.

  7. Holonomy Operator and Quantization Ambiguities on Spinor Space

    CERN Document Server

    Livine, Etera R

    2013-01-01

    We construct the holonomy-flux operator algebra in the recently developed spinor formulation of loop gravity. We show that, when restricting to SU(2)-gauge invariant operators, the familiar grasping and Wilson loop operators are written as composite operators built from the gauge-invariant `generalized ladder operators' recently introduced in the U(N) approach to intertwiners and spin networks. We comment on quantization ambiguities that appear in the definition of the holonomy operator and use these ambiguities as a toy model to test a class of quantization ambiguities which is present in the standard regularization and definition of the Hamiltonian constraint operator in loop quantum gravity.

  8. About Twistor Spinors with Zero in Lorentzian Geometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Leitner

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available We describe the local conformal geometry of a Lorentzian spin manifold (M,g admitting a twistor spinor φ with zero. Moreover, we describe the shape of the zero set of φ. If φ has isolated zeros then the metric g is locally conformally equivalent to a static monopole. In the other case the zero set consists of null geodesic(s and g is locally conformally equivalent to a Brinkmann metric. Our arguments utilise tractor calculus in an essential way. The Dirac current of φ, which is a conformal Killing vector field, plays an important role for our discussion as well.

  9. Bifundamental Fuzzy 2-Sphere and Fuzzy Killing Spinors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horatiu Nastase

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available We review our construction of a bifundamental version of the fuzzy 2-sphere and its relation to fuzzy Killing spinors, first obtained in the context of the ABJM membrane model. This is shown to be completely equivalent to the usual (adjoint fuzzy sphere. We discuss the mathematical details of the bifundamental fuzzy sphere and its field theory expansion in a model-independent way. We also examine how this new formulation affects the twisting of the fields, when comparing the field theory on the fuzzy sphere background with the compactification of the 'deconstructed' (higher dimensional field theory.

  10. (M-theory-)Killing spinors on symmetric spaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hustler, Noel, E-mail: n.hustler@ed.ac.uk [Maxwell and Tait Institutes, School of Mathematics, University of Edinburgh, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, Scotland (United Kingdom); Lischewski, Andree, E-mail: lischews@mathematik.hu-berlin.de [Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, Rudower Chaussee 25, Room 1.310, D12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2015-08-15

    We show how the theory of invariant principal bundle connections for reductive homogeneous spaces can be applied to determine the holonomy of generalised Killing spinor covariant derivatives of the form D = ∇ + Ω in a purely algebraic and algorithmic way, where Ω : TM → Λ{sup ∗}(TM) is a left-invariant homomorphism. Specialising this to the case of symmetric M-theory backgrounds (i.e., (M, g, F) with (M, g) an eleven-dimensional Lorentzian (locally) symmetric space and F an invariant closed 4-form), we derive several criteria for such a background to preserve some supersymmetry and consequently find all supersymmetric symmetric M-theory backgrounds.

  11. Bloch oscillations in a one-dimensional spinor gas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gangardt, D M; Kamenev, A

    2009-02-20

    A force applied to a spin-flipped particle in a one-dimensional spinor gas may lead to Bloch oscillations of the particle's position and velocity. The existence of Bloch oscillations crucially depends on the viscous friction force exerted by the rest of the gas on the spin excitation. We evaluate the friction in terms of the quantum fluid parameters. In particular, we show that the friction is absent for integrable cases, such as an SU(2) symmetric gas of bosons or fermions. For small deviations from the exact integrability the friction is very weak, opening the possibility to observe Bloch oscillations.

  12. Lorentz-violating spinor electrodynamics and Penning traps

    CERN Document Server

    Ding, Yunhua

    2016-01-01

    The prospects are explored for testing Lorentz- and CPT-violating quantum electrodynamics in experiments with Penning traps. We present the Lagrange density of Lorentz-violating spinor electrodynamics with operators of mass dimensions up to six, and we discuss some of its properties. The theory is used to derive Lorentz- and CPT-violating perturbative shifts of the energy levels of a particle confined to a Penning trap. Observable signals are discussed for trapped electrons, positrons, protons, and antiprotons. Existing experimental measurements on anomaly frequencies are used to extract new or improved bounds on numerous coefficients for Lorentz and CPT violation, using sidereal variations of observables and comparisons between particles and antiparticles.

  13. Spinor calculus for q-deformed quantum spaces I

    CERN Document Server

    Schmidt, Alexander

    2007-01-01

    The article is dedi. to q-deformed versions of spinor calculus. As a kind of review, the most relevant properties of the two-dimensional quantum plane are summarized. Additionally, the relationship between the quantum plane and higher-dimensional quantum spaces like the q-deformed Euclidean space in four dimensions or the q-deformed Minkowski space is outlined. These considerations are continued by introducing q-analogs of the Pauli matrices. Their main properties are discussed in detail and numerous relations that could prove useful in physical applications are presented. In this respect, q-deformed versions of the important Fierz identities are written down.

  14. Spinor Structure of P-Oriented Space, Kustaanheimo-Stifel and Hopf Bundle - Connection between Formalisms

    CERN Document Server

    Red'kov, V M

    2011-01-01

    In the work some relations between three techniques, Hopf's bundle, Kustaanheimo-Stiefel's bundle, 3-space with spinor structure have been examined. The spinor space is viewed as a real space that is minimally (twice as much) extended in comparison with an ordinary vector 3-space: at this instead of 2\\pi-rotation now only 4\\pi-rotation is taken to be the identity transformation in the geometrical space. With respect to a given P-orientation of an initial unextended manyfold, vector or pseudovector one, there may be constructed two different spatial spinors, $\\xi$ and $\\eta$, respectively. By definition, those spinors provide us with points of the extended space odels, each spinor is in the correspondence $2 \\longrightarrow 1 with points of a vector space. For both models an explicit parametrization of the spinors \\xi and \\eta by spherical and parabolic coordinates is given, the parabolic system turns out to be the most convenient for simple defining spacial spinors. Fours of real-valued coordinates by Kustaan...

  15. Phosphor Dysprosium-Doped Layered Double Hydroxides Exchanged with Different Organic Functional Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Ricardo Martínez Vargas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The layers of a Zn/Al layered double hydroxide (LDH were doped with Dy3+ cations. Among some compositions, the Zn2+ : Al3+ : Dy3+ molar ratio equal to 30 : 9 : 1 presented a single crystalline phase. Organic anions with carboxylic, amino, sulfate, or phosphate functional groups were intercalated as single layers between LDH layers as confirmed by X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. Photoluminescence spectra of the nitrate intercalated LDH showed a wide emission band with strong intensity in the yellow region (around 574 nm, originated due to symmetry distortion of the octahedral coordination in dysprosium centers. Moreover, a broad red band emission was also detected apparently due to the presence of zinc oxide. The distorted symmetry of the dysprosium coordination environment, also confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, was modified after the intercalation with phenyl phosphonate (PP, aspartate (Asp, adipate (Adip, and serinate (Ser anions; the emission as measured from PL spectra of these LDH was more intense in the blue region (ca. 486 nm, thus indicating an increase in symmetry of dysprosium octahedrons. The red emission band from zinc oxide kept the same intensity after intercalation of dodecyl sulfate (DDS. An additional emission of unknown origin at λ = 767 nm was present in all LDHs.

  16. Spinor Particle Creation in Near Extremal Reissner-Nordstrom Black Holes

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Chiang-Mei; Tang, Fu-Yi; Tsai, Ping-Yen

    2014-01-01

    The pair production of spinor particles, which is captured by the solution of the Dirac equation with an appropriate boundary condition, in charged black holes is investigated. We obtain the closed form of the production rate in the near extremal limit of the Reissner-Nordstrom black holes. The cosmic censorship conjecture is guaranteed by the pair production process. Moreover, the absorption cross section ratio and retarded Green's functions of the spinor fields calculated from the gravity side match well with those of spinor operators in the dual CFT side.

  17. New Developments in Killing Spinor Programme and More Motivations for Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Açık, Özgür

    2016-01-01

    This present work is based on our previous publications, which all together trigger our "Killing spinor programme". Other significant spinor fields are injected into the scheme and the intricate relations between them and their bilinears are constructed here. The web of relations concerning these constructions are presented clearly in a Venn diagram. Particular attention is devoted to the construction of equations satisfied by the homogeneous bilinears induced from Dirac spinors. Contacts with various physics theories are made throughout the text and some of the future directions of the programme are defined.

  18. Symmetry operators of Killing spinors and superalgebras in AdS_5

    OpenAIRE

    Ertem, Ümit

    2016-01-01

    We construct the first-order symmetry operators of Killing spinor equation in terms of odd Killing-Yano forms. By modifying the Schouten-Nijenhuis bracket of Killing-Yano forms, we show that the symmetry operators of Killing spinors close into an algebra in AdS_5 spacetime. Since the symmetry operator algebra of Killing spinors corresponds to a Jacobi identity in extended Killing superalgebras, we investigate the possible extensions of Killing superalgebras to include higher-degree Killing-Ya...

  19. Null structure groups in eleven dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    Cariglia, M; Conamhna, Oisin A. P. Mac

    2004-01-01

    We classify all the structure groups which arise as subgroups of the isotropy group, $(Spin(7)\\ltimes\\mathbb{R}^8)\\times\\mathbb{R}$, of a single null Killing spinor in eleven dimensions. We construct the spaces of spinors fixed by these groups. We determine the conditions under which structure subgroups of the maximal null strucuture group $(Spin(7)\\ltimes\\mathbb{R}^8)\\times\\mathbb{R}$ may also be embedded in SU(5), and hence the conditions under which supersymmetric spacetime admits only null, or both timelike and null, Killing spinors. This concludes, for spacetimes admitting at least one null Killing spinor, the first, purely algebraic, phase of the refined G-structure classification of supersymmetric spacetimes in eleven dimensions, the objective of which is the derivation of the general local bosonic solution of the Killing spinor equation of eleven dimensional supergravity. Finally, we discuss how the second phase of the classification, involving the direct analysis of the Killing spinor equation, may b...

  20. Spontaneous Double Hydrometallation Induced by N→M Coordination in Organometallic Hydrides of Group 14 Elements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novák, Miroslav; Dostál, Libor; Turek, Jan; Alonso, Mercedes; De Proft, Frank; Růžička, Aleš; Jambor, Roman

    2016-04-11

    Our attempts to synthesise N→M intramolecularly coordinated diorganometallic hydrides L2MH2 [M=Si (4), Ge (5), Sn (6)] containing the CH=N imine group (in which L is C,N-chelating ligand {2-[(2,6-iPr2C6H3)N=CH]C6 H4}(-)) yielded 1,1'-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-2,2'-spriobi[benzo[c][1,2]azasilole] (7), 1,1'-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-2,2'-spriobi[benzo[c][1,2]azagermole] (8) and C,N-chelated homoleptic stannylene L2Sn (10), respectively. Compounds 7 and 8 are an outcome of a spontaneous double hydrometallation of the two CH=N imine moieties induced by N→M intramolecular coordination (M=Si, Ge) in the absence of any catalyst. In contrast, the diorganotin hydride L2SnH2 (6) is redox-unstable and the reduction of the tin centre with the elimination of H2 provided the C,N-chelated homoleptic stannylene L2Sn (10). Compounds 7 and 8 were characterised by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Because the proposed N→M intramolecularly coordinated diorganometallic hydrides L2MH2 [M=Si (4), Ge (5), Sn (6)] revealed two different types of reduction reactions, DFT calculations were performed to gain an insight into the structures and bonding of the non-isolable diorganometallic hydrides as well as the products of their subsequent reactions. Furthermore, the thermodynamic profiles of the different reaction pathways with respect to the central metal atom were also investigated.

  1. Topics in Double Field Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwak, Seung Ki

    The existence of momentum and winding modes of closed string on a torus leads to a natural idea that the field theoretical approach of string theory should involve winding type coordinates as well as the usual space-time coordinates. Recently developed double field theory is motivated from this idea and it implements T-duality manifestly by doubling the coordinates. In this thesis we will mainly focus on the double field theory formulation of different string theories in its low energy limit: bosonic, heterotic, type II and its massive extensions, and N = 1 supergravity theory. In chapter 2 of the thesis we study the equivalence of different formulations of double field theory. There are three different formulations of double field theory: background field E formulation, generalized metric H formulation, and frame field EAM formulation. Starting from the frame field formalism and choosing an appropriate gauge, the equivalence of the three formulations of bosonic theory are explicitly verified. In chapter 3 we construct the double field theory formulation of heterotic strings. The global symmetry enlarges to O( D, D + n) for heterotic strings and the enlarged generalized metric features this symmetry. The structural form of bosonic theory can directly be applied to the heterotic theory with the enlarged generalized metric. In chapter 4 we develop a unified framework of double field theory for type II theories. The Ramond-Ramond potentials fit into spinor representations of the duality group O( D, D) and the theory displays Spin+( D, D) symmetry with its self-duality relation. For a specific form of RR 1-form the theory reduces to the massive deformation of type IIA theory due to Romans. In chapter 5 we formulate the N = 1 supersymmetric extension of double field theory including the coupling to n abelian vector multiplets. This theory features a local O(1, 9 + n) x O(1, 9) tangent space symmetry under which the fermions transform. (Copies available exclusively from

  2. Knot Solitons in Spinor Bose-Einstein Condensates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, David; Ray, Michael; Tiurev, Konstantin; Ruokokoski, Emmi; Gheorghe, Andrei Horia; Möttönen, Mikko

    2016-05-01

    Knots are familiar entities that appear at a captivating nexus of art, technology, mathematics and science. Following a lengthy period of theoretical investigation and development, they have recently attracted great experimental interest in classical contexts ranging from knotted DNA and nanostructures to vortex knots in fluids. We demonstrate here the controlled creation and detection of knot solitons in the quantum-mechanical order parameter of a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate. Images of the superfluid reveal the circular shape of the soliton core and its associated linked rings. Our observations of the knot soliton establish an experimental foundation for future studies of their stability, dynamics and applications within quantum systems. Supported in part by NSF Grant PHY-1205822.

  3. Dark Spinors Hawking Radiation in String Theory Black Holes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. T. Cavalcanti

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Hawking radiation spectrum of Kerr-Sen axion-dilaton black holes is derived, in the context of dark spinors tunnelling across the horizon. Since a black hole has a well defined temperature, it should radiate in principle all the standard model particles, similar to a black body at that temperature. We investigate the tunnelling of mass dimension one spin-1/2 dark fermions, which are beyond the standard model and are prime candidates to the dark matter. Their interactions with the standard model matter and gauge fields are suppressed by at least one power of unification scale, being restricted just to the Higgs field and to the graviton likewise. The tunnelling method for the emission and absorption of mass dimension one particles across the event horizon of Kerr-Sen axion-dilaton black holes is shown here to provide further evidence for the universality of black hole radiation, further encompassing particles beyond the standard model.

  4. Pure spinor superfields, with application to D=3 conformal models

    CERN Document Server

    Cederwall, Martin

    2009-01-01

    I review and discuss the construction of supersymmetry multiplets and manifestly supersymmetric Batalin-Vilkovisky actions using pure spinors, with emphasis on models with maximal supersymmetry. The special cases of D=3, N=8 (Bagger-Lambert-Gustavsson) and N=6 (Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena) conformal models are treated in detail. Most of the material is covered by the papers arXiv:0808.3242 and arXiv:0809.0318. This is the written version of a talk given at 4th Baltic-Nordic workshop "Algebra, Geometry and Mathematical Physics", Tartu, Estonia, October 9-11, 2008, to appear in the Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, vol 4, 2010.

  5. Parametric Amplification of Vacuum Fluctuations in a Spinor Condensate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klempt, C.; Topic, O.; Gebreyesus, G.

    2010-01-01

    Parametric amplification of vacuum fluctuations is crucial in modern quantum optics, enabling the creation of squeezing and entanglement. We demonstrate the parametric amplification of vacuum fluctuations for matter waves using a spinor F=2 87Rb condensate. Interatomic interactions lead...... to correlated pair creation in the mF=±1 states from an initial mF=0 condensate, which acts as a vacuum for mF≠0. Although this pair creation from a pure mF=0 condensate is ideally triggered by vacuum fluctuations, unavoidable spurious initial mF=±1 atoms induce a classical seed which may become the dominant...... triggering mechanism. We show that pair creation is insensitive to a classical seed for sufficiently large magnetic fields, demonstrating the dominant role of vacuum fluctuations. The presented system thus provides a direct path towards the generation of nonclassical states of matter....

  6. Lorentz-violating spinor electrodynamics and Penning traps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yunhua; Kostelecký, V. Alan

    2016-09-01

    The prospects are explored for testing Lorentz- and C P T -violating quantum electrodynamics in experiments with Penning traps. We present the Lagrange density of Lorentz-violating spinor electrodynamics with operators of mass dimensions up to 6, and we discuss some of its properties. The theory is used to derive Lorentz- and C P T -violating perturbative shifts of the energy levels of a particle confined to a Penning trap. Observable signals are discussed for trapped electrons, positrons, protons, and antiprotons. Existing experimental measurements on anomaly frequencies are used to extract new or improved bounds on numerous coefficients for Lorentz and C P T violation, using sidereal variations of observables and comparisons between particles and antiparticles.

  7. Solitons in Skyrme - Faddeev spinor model and quantum mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rybakov, Y.

    2016-07-01

    We discuss the possibility of unification of Skyrme and Faddeev approaches for the description of baryons and leptons respectively as topological solitons within the scope of 16-spinor model. The motivation for such a unification is based on a special 8- semispinor identity invented by the Italian geometrician F. Brioschi. This remarkable identity permits one to realize baryon or lepton states through the effect of spontaneous symmetry breaking emerging due to special structure of the Higgs potential in the model. At large distances from the particle - soliton small excitation of the vacuum satisfies Klein - Gordon equation with some mass that permits one to establish the correspondence with quantum mechanics in special stochastic representation of the wave function for extended particles - solitons. Finally, we illustrate the peculiar properties of stochastic representation by the famous T. Young's experiment with n slits in soliton realization.

  8. Damping of gravitational waves in the nonperturbative spinor vacuum

    CERN Document Server

    Dzhunushaliev, Vladimir

    2014-01-01

    The propagation of gravitational waves on the background of a nonperturbative vacuum of a spinor field is considered. It is shown that there are several distinctive features in comparison with the propagation of plane gravitational waves through empty space: there exists the fixed phase difference between the $h_{yy,zz}$ and $h_{yz}$ components of the wave; there exists the damping of gravitational waves; for given frequency, there exist two waves with different wave vectors. We also discuss the possibility of experimental verification of the obtained effects as a tool to investigate nonperurbative quantum field theories. %The possible experimental verification of obtained results %as a tool to investigate nonperurbative effects is discussed. %It is shown that the experimental measurements of such waves give us the tools for the investigation of nonperurbative quantum field theories.

  9. A Geometric Description of Raman Fingerprints on Spinor BECs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Justin T.; Hansen, Azure; Murphree, Joseph D.; Jayaseelan, Maitreyi; Bigelow, Nicholas P.

    2016-05-01

    We employ a geometric description of a coherent, diabatic two-photon Raman interaction as a rotation on the Bloch sphere of a spin-1/2 system. The spin state of the system is described by a point on the sphere and the time evolution is described by a trajectory of the sphere's surface. The axis of rotation is determined by properties of the optical Raman beams: the pulse area, the relative intensities, relative phase, and relative frequencies. The two-photon detuning gives fine control over the sizes and phases of the imprinted features. This interpretation allows us not only to precisely engineer complex, spatially varying spin textures, but also to characterize these textures with a form of atomic polarimetry as we demonstrate on a coreless vortex in a spinor BEC.

  10. Emergent Weyl spinors in multi-fermion systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Volovik, G.E. [Low Temperature Laboratory, Aalto University, P.O. Box 15100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics RAS, Kosygina 2, 119334 Moscow (Russian Federation); Zubkov, M.A., E-mail: zubkov@itep.ru [ITEP, B. Cheremushkinskaya 25, 117259 Moscow (Russian Federation); University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 5B7 (Canada)

    2014-04-15

    In Ref. [1] Hořava suggested, that the multi-fermion many-body system with topologically stable Fermi surfaces may effectively be described (in a vicinity of the Fermi surface) by the theory with coarse-grained fermions. The number of the components of these coarse-grained fermions is reduced compared to the original system. Here we consider the 3+1 D system and concentrate on the particular case when the Fermi surface has co-dimension p=3, i.e. it represents the Fermi point in momentum space. First we demonstrate explicitly that in agreement with Hořava conjecture, in the vicinity of the Fermi point the original system is reduced to the model with two-component Weyl spinors. Next, we generalize the construction of Hořava to the situation, when the original 3+1 D theory contains multi-component Majorana spinors. In this case the system is also reduced to the model of the two-component Weyl fermions in the vicinity of the topologically stable Fermi point. Those fermions experience the emergent gauge field and the gravitational field given by the emergent vierbein. Both these fields (the emergent gauge field and the emergent gravitational field) originate from certain collective excitations of the original system. We speculate, that the given construction may be relevant for the high energy physics in the paradigm, in which the Lorentz symmetry as well as the gravitational and gauge fields are the emergent phenomena, i.e. they appear dynamically in the low energy approximation of the underlined high energy theory.

  11. Non-minimal fields of the pure spinor string in general curved backgrounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandia, Osvaldo [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Peñalolén, Santiago (Chile); Vallilo, Brenno Carlini [Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andrés Bello,República 220, Santiago (Chile)

    2015-02-16

    We study the coupling of the non-minimal ghost fields of the pure spinor superstring in general curved backgrounds. The coupling is found solving the consistency relations from the nilpotency of the non-minimal BRST charge.

  12. Spinor-electron wave guided modes in coupled quantum wells structures by solving the Dirac equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linares, Jesus [Area de Optica, Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Facultade de Fisica, Escola Universitaria de Optica e Optometria, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Spain)], E-mail: suso.linares.beiras@usc.es; Nistal, Maria C. [Area de Optica, Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Facultade de Fisica, Escola Universitaria de Optica e Optometria, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Spain)

    2009-05-04

    A quantum analysis based on the Dirac equation of the propagation of spinor-electron waves in coupled quantum wells, or equivalently coupled electron waveguides, is presented. The complete optical wave equations for Spin-Up (SU) and Spin-Down (SD) spinor-electron waves in these electron guides couplers are derived from the Dirac equation. The relativistic amplitudes and dispersion equations of the spinor-electron wave-guided modes in a planar quantum coupler formed by two coupled quantum wells, or equivalently by two coupled slab electron waveguides, are exactly derived. The main outcomes related to the spinor modal structure, such as the breaking of the non-relativistic degenerate spin states, the appearance of phase shifts associated with the spin polarization and so on, are shown.

  13. Cosmological models with the spinor and non-minimally interacting scalar field

    CERN Document Server

    Osetrin, K E; Rybalov, Yu A

    2014-01-01

    The solution to the current extending Universe problem, and the description of all stages of evolution compels scientists to consider various cosmological models. Scalar - tensor models are rather simple and also allow us to clearly define the separate stages of evolution. Furthermore, other cosmological models are reduced. Our work takes into consideration the non-minimally interacted scalar field and the spinor field. The spinor field has been considered to establish a better understanding of the stages of evolution in our Universe.

  14. Dirac operators and Killing spinors with torsion; Dirac-Operatoren und Killing-Spinoren mit Torsion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker-Bender, Julia

    2012-12-17

    On a Riemannian spin manifold with parallel skew torsion, we use the twistor operator to obtain an eigenvalue estimate for the Dirac operator with torsion. We consider the equality case in dimensions four and six. In odd dimensions we describe Sasaki manifolds on which equality in the estimate is realized by Killing spinors with torsion. In dimension five we characterize all Killing spinors with torsion and obtain certain naturally reductive spaces as exceptional cases.

  15. Cross Section Evaluation by Spinor Integration II: The massive case in 4D

    CERN Document Server

    Feng, Bo

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we continue our study of calculating the cross section by the spinor method, i.e., performing the phase space integration using the spinor method. We have focused on the case where the physical momenta are massive and in pure 4D. We established the framework of such a new method and presented several examples, including two real progresses: $Z^0\\to l^+ l^- H$ and $q\\O q\\to f {\\O}f H^0$.

  16. Relativistic calculations of quasi-one-electron atoms and ions using Laguerre and Slater spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, Jun; Cheng, Yongjun; Bromley, Michael W J

    2016-01-01

    A relativistic description of the structure of heavy alkali atoms and alkali-like ions using S-spinors and L-spinors has been developed. The core wavefunction is defined by a Dirac-Fock calculation using an S-spinors basis. The S-spinor basis is then supplemented by a large set of L-spinors for the calculation of the valence wavefunction in a frozen-core model. The numerical stability of the L-spinor approach is demonstrated by computing the energies and decay rates of several low-lying hydrogen eigenstates, along with the polarizabilities of a $Z=60$ hydrogenic ion. The approach is then applied to calculate the dynamic polarizabilities of the $5s$, $4d$ and $5p$ states of Sr$^+$. The magic wavelengths at which the Stark shifts between different pairs of transitions are zero are computed. Determination of the magic wavelengths for the $5s \\to 4d_{\\frac32}$ and $5s \\to 4d_{\\frac52}$ transitions near $417$~nm (near the wavelength for the $5s \\to 5p_j$ transitions) would allow a determination of the oscillator s...

  17. Relativistic semiempirical-core-potential calculations of Sr+ using Laguerre and Slater spinors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Jun; Mitroy, J.; Cheng, Yongjun; Bromley, Michael W. J.

    2016-12-01

    A relativistic description of the structure of heavy alkali-metal atoms and alkali-like ions using S-spinors and L-spinors is developed. The core wave function is defined by a Dirac-Fock calculation using an S-spinor basis. The S-spinor basis is then supplemented with a large set of L-spinors for calculation of the valence wave function in a frozen-core model. The numerical stability of the L-spinor approach is demonstrated by computing the energies and decay rates of several low-lying hydrogen eigenstates, along with the polarizabilities of a Z =60 hydrogenic ion. The approach is then applied to calculate the dynamic polarizabilities of the 5 s , 4 d , and 5 p states of Sr+. The magic wavelengths at which the Stark shifts between different pairs of transitions are 0 are computed. Determination of the magic wavelengths for the 5 s →4 d3/2 and 5 s →4 d5/2 transitions near 417 nm (near the wavelength for the 5 s →5 pj transitions) would allow determination of the oscillator strength ratio for the 5 s →5 p1/2 and 5 s →5 p3/2 transitions.

  18. Exotic dual of type II double field theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Hohm, Olaf; Riccioni, Fabio

    2017-04-01

    We perform an exotic dualization of the Ramond-Ramond fields in type II double field theory, in which they are encoded in a Majorana-Weyl spinor of O (D , D). Starting from a first-order master action, the dual theory in terms of a tensor-spinor of O (D , D) is determined. This tensor-spinor is subject to an exotic version of the (self-)duality constraint needed for a democratic formulation. We show that in components, reducing O (D , D) to GL (D), one obtains the expected exotically dual theory in terms of mixed Young tableaux fields. To this end, we generalize exotic dualizations to self-dual fields, such as the 4-form in type IIB string theory.

  19. Exotic dual of type II double field theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric A. Bergshoeff

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available We perform an exotic dualization of the Ramond–Ramond fields in type II double field theory, in which they are encoded in a Majorana–Weyl spinor of O(D,D. Starting from a first-order master action, the dual theory in terms of a tensor–spinor of O(D,D is determined. This tensor–spinor is subject to an exotic version of the (self-duality constraint needed for a democratic formulation. We show that in components, reducing O(D,D to GL(D, one obtains the expected exotically dual theory in terms of mixed Young tableaux fields. To this end, we generalize exotic dualizations to self-dual fields, such as the 4-form in type IIB string theory.

  20. Counterdiabatic vortex pump in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ollikainen, T.; Masuda, S.; Möttönen, M.; Nakahara, M.

    2017-01-01

    Topological phase imprinting is a well-established technique for deterministic vortex creation in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates of alkali-metal atoms. It was recently shown that counterdiabatic quantum control may accelerate vortex creation in comparison to the standard adiabatic protocol and suppress the atom loss due to nonadiabatic transitions. Here we apply this technique, assisted by an optical plug, for vortex pumping to theoretically show that sequential phase imprinting up to 20 cycles generates a vortex with a very large winding number. Our method significantly increases the fidelity of the pump for rapid pumping compared to the case without the counterdiabatic control, leading to the highest angular momentum per particle reported to date for the vortex pump. Our studies are based on numerical integration of the three-dimensional multicomponent Gross-Pitaevskii equation, which conveniently yields the density profiles, phase profiles, angular momentum, and other physically important quantities of the spin-1 system. Our results motivate the experimental realization of the vortex pump and studies of the rich physics it involves.

  1. A note on the spinor construction of Spin Foam amplitudes

    CERN Document Server

    Immirzi, Giorgio

    2013-01-01

    I discuss the use of spinors in the construction of spin-foam models, in particular the form of the closure and simplicity constraints for triangles that are space-like, i.e. with (area)$^2=\\half S^{IJ}S_{IJ}>0$, regardless of whether they belong the tetrahedra with a space-like or time-like normal, emphasizing the role of the light-like 4-vector $u_t\\sigma^I\\bar u_t$. In the quantization of the model, with the representations of SL(2,$\\mathbb{C}$) acting on spaces of functions of light-like vectors, one may use the canonical basis of SU(2) representations, or the pseudobasis limited to the discrete representations of SU(1,1); in alternative it is proposed to use instead a basis of eigenstates of $(L_3,K_3)$, which might give matrix elements and vertex functions with the same classical limit. A detailed example of a small triangulation is presented, which among other things indicates, on the basis of a classical calculation, that it would be impractical to limit oneself to tetrahedra with time-like normals.

  2. Off-Shell Spinor-Helicity Amplitudes from Light-Cone Deformation Procedure

    CERN Document Server

    Ponomarev, Dmitry

    2016-01-01

    We study the consistency conditions for interactions of massless fields of any spin in four-dimensional flat space using the light-cone approach. We show that they can be equivalently rewritten as the Ward identities for the off-shell light-cone amplitudes built from the light-cone Hamiltonian in the standard way. Then we find a general solution of these Ward identities. The solution admits a compact representation when written in the spinor-helicity form and is given by an arbitrary function of spinor products, satisfying well-known homogeneity constraints. Thus, we show that the light-cone consistent deformation procedure inevitably leads to a certain off-shell version of the spinor-helicity approach. We discuss how the relation between the two approaches can be employed to facilitate the search of consistent interaction of massless higher-spin fields.

  3. Off-shell spinor-helicity amplitudes from light-cone deformation procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponomarev, Dmitry

    2016-12-01

    We study the consistency conditions for interactions of massless fields of any spin in four-dimensional flat space using the light-cone approach. We show that they can be equivalently rewritten as the Ward identities for the off-shell light-cone amplitudes built from the light-cone Hamiltonian in the standard way. Then we find a general solution of these Ward identities. The solution admits a compact representation when written in the spinor-helicity form and is given by an arbitrary function of spinor products, satisfying wellknown homogeneity constraints. Thus, we show that the light-cone consistent deformation procedure inevitably leads to a certain off-shell version of the spinor-helicity approach. We discuss how the relation between the two approaches can be employed to facilitate the search of consistent interaction of massless higher-spin fields.

  4. On the Appearance of Families of Efimov States in the Spinor Three-Body Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colussi, V. E.; Greene, Chris H.; D`Incao, J. P.

    2016-03-01

    Few-body systems with access to multiple internal levels exhibit richness beyond that typically found in their single-level counterparts. One example is that of Efimov states in strongly-correlated spinor three-body systems. In [V. E. Colussi, C. H. Greene, and J. P. D'Incao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 045302 (2014)] this problem was analyzed for spinor condensates finding a complex level structure as in an early work [Bulgac and Efimov, Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 22, 153 (1976)] in nuclear physics, and the impact of Efimov physics on the general form of the scattering observables was worked out. In this paper we discuss the appearance of novel families of Efimov states in the spinor three-body problem.

  5. On the Appearance of Families of Efimov States in the Spinor Three-Body Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colussi V. E.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Few-body systems with access to multiple internal levels exhibit richness beyond that typically found in their single-level counterparts. One example is that of Efimov states in strongly-correlated spinor three-body systems. In [V. E. Colussi, C. H. Greene, and J. P. D’Incao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 045302 (2014] this problem was analyzed for spinor condensates finding a complex level structure as in an early work [Bulgac and Efimov, Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 22, 153 (1976] in nuclear physics, and the impact of Efimov physics on the general form of the scattering observables was worked out. In this paper we discuss the appearance of novel families of Efimov states in the spinor three-body problem.

  6. Global positioning of spin GPS scheme for half-spin massive spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Jadach, Stanislaw; Was, Zbigniew

    2001-01-01

    We present a simple and flexible method of keeping track of the complex phases and spin quantisation axes for half-spin initial- and final-state Weyl spinors in scattering amplitudes of Standard Model high energy physics processes. Both cases of massless and massive spinors are discussed. The method is demonstrated and checked numerically for spin correlations in tau tau production and decay. Its application is in our work of combining effects due to multiple photon emission (exponentiation) and spin, embodied in the Monte Carlo event generators for production and decay of unstable fermions such as the, tau lepton, t-quark and hypothetical new heavy particles. In particular, the recurrent problem of combining, for such unstable fermions, one author's calculation of production and another author's calculation of decay, in the presence or absence of multiple photon effects, is there given a practical solution, both for Weyl spinor methods and for the traditional Jacob-Wick helicity methods. Moreover, for massiv...

  7. Free Differential Algebras and Pure Spinor Action in IIB Superstring Sigma Models

    CERN Document Server

    Oda, Ichiro

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we extend to the case of IIB superstring sigma models the method proposed in hep-th/10023500 to derive the pure spinor approach for type IIA sigma models. In particular, starting from the (Free) Differential Algebra and superspace parametrization of type IIB supergravity, extended to include the BRST differential and all the ghosts, we derive the BRST transformations of fields and ghosts as well as the standard pure spinor constraints for the ghosts $\\lambda $ related to supersymmetry. Moreover, using the method first proposed by us, we derive the pure spinor action for type IIB superstrings in curved supergravity backgrounds (on shell), in full agreement with the action first obtained by Berkovits and Howe.

  8. Free differential algebras and pure spinor action in IIB superstring sigma models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oda, Ichiro; Tonin, Mario

    2011-06-01

    In this paper we extend to the case of IIB superstring sigma models the method proposed in hep-th/10023500 to derive the pure spinor approach for type IIA sigma models. In particular, starting from the (Free) Differential Algebra and superspace parametrization of type IIB supergravity, extended to include the BRST differential and all the ghosts, we derive the BRST transformations of fields and ghosts as well as the standard pure spinor constraints for the ghosts λ related to supersymmetry. Moreover, using the method first proposed by us, we derive the pure spinor action for type IIB superstrings in curved supergravity backgrounds (on shell), in full agreement with the action first obtained by Berkovits and Howe.

  9. Dual-Beam Atom Laser Driven by Spinor Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Robert; Lundblad, Nathan; Maleki, Lute; Aveline, David

    2007-01-01

    An atom laser now undergoing development simultaneously generates two pulsed beams of correlated Rb-87 atoms. (An atom laser is a source of atoms in beams characterized by coherent matter waves, analogous to a conventional laser, which is a source of coherent light waves.) The pumping mechanism of this atom laser is based on spinor dynamics in a Bose-Einstein condensate. By virtue of the angular-momentum conserving collisions that generate the two beams, the number of atoms in one beam is correlated with the number of atoms in the other beam. Such correlations are intimately linked to entanglement and squeezing in atomic ensembles, and atom lasers like this one could be used in exploring related aspects of Bose-Einstein condensates, and as components of future sensors relying on atom interferometry. In this atom-laser apparatus, a Bose-Einstein condensate of about 2 x 10(exp 6) Rb-87 atoms at a temperature of about 120 micro-K is first formed through all-optical means in a relatively weak singlebeam running-wave dipole trap that has been formed by focusing of a CO2-laser beam. By a technique that is established in the art, the trap is loaded from an ultrahigh-vacuum magnetooptical trap that is, itself, loaded via a cold atomic beam from an upstream two-dimensional magneto-optical trap that resides in a rubidium-vapor cell that is differentially pumped from an adjoining vacuum chamber, wherein are performed scientific observations of the beams ultimately generated by the atom laser.

  10. Self-adjointness and the Casimir effect with confined quantized spinor matter

    CERN Document Server

    Sitenko, Yurii A

    2015-01-01

    A generalization of the MIT bag boundary condition for spinor matter is proposed basing on the requirement that the Dirac hamiltonian operator be self-adjoint. An influence of a background magnetic field on the vacuum of charged spinor matter confined between two parallel material plates is studied. Employing the most general set of boundary conditions at the plates in the case of the uniform magnetic field directed orthogonally to the plates, we find the pressure from the vacuum onto the plates. In physically plausible situations, the Casimir effect is shown to be repulsive, independently of a choice of boundary conditions and of a distance between the plates.

  11. Numeric Solutions of Dirac-Gursey Spinor Field Equation Under External Gaussian White Noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydogmus, Fatma

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, we consider the Dirac-Gursey spinor field equation that has particle-like solutions derived classical field equations so-called instantons, formed by using Heisenberg ansatz, under the effect of an additional Gaussian white noise term. Our purpose is to understand how the behavior of spinor-type excited instantons in four dimensions can be affected by noise. Thus, we simulate the phase portraits and Poincaré sections of the obtained system numerically both with and without noise. Recurrence plots are also given for more detailed information regarding the system.

  12. Fuzzy Geometry via the Spinor Bundle, with Applications to Holographic Space-time and Matrix Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Banks, Tom

    2011-01-01

    We present a new framework for defining fuzzy approximations to geometry in terms of a cutoff on the spectrum of the Dirac operator, and a generalization of it that we call the Dirac-Flux operator. This framework does not require a symplectic form on the manifold, and is completely rotation invariant on an arbitrary n-sphere. The framework is motivated by the formalism of Holographic Space-Time (HST), whose fundamental variables are sections of the spinor bundle over a compact Euclidean manifold. The strong holographic principle (SHP) requires the space of these sections to be finite dimensional. We discuss applications of fuzzy spinor geometry to HST and to Matrix Theory.

  13. A randomized, double-blind, parallel group trial of iomeprol, iohexol and iopamidol in intravenous urography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harding, J R; Bertazzoli, M; Spinazzi, A

    1995-07-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the safety, tolerance, and diagnostic efficacy of iomeprol 350 mg I ml-1, iohexol 350 mg I ml-1, and iopamidol 370 mg I ml-1 in 90 adult patients undergoing intravenous urography. Radiographs obtained 5, 10 and 15 min after contrast injection were blindly graded for quality on a four point scale as: 0, non-diagnostic; 1, diagnostic but of limited quality; 2, diagnostic and of good quality; 3, fully diagnostic and of very good quality. The sum of these scores indicated the overall diagnostic quality (0-4, non-diagnostic; 4-8, diagnostic; 9-12, good or excellent). Contrast tolerability was evaluated by discomfort (heat or pain) associated with injection of the test compounds, and patients were monitored and questioned for adverse experiences. The quality of the individual radiographs was assessed as diagnostic and good or fully diagnostic and very good in most cases, with no significant differences between the three study groups, and overall scores were predominantly good or excellent (p = 0.55). All adverse reactions were transient and non-serious, and most of them were reported as mild in intensity. There were no significant differences between the three groups for heat sensation (p = 0.29). Pain at the injection site was reported only in the iohexol group (p = 0.104). It is concluded that iomeprol 350 mg I ml-1 is at least as safe and effective as iohexol 350 mg I ml-1 or iopamidol 370 mg I ml-1 when used for intravenous urography.

  14. Effect of Strong Acid Functional Groups on Electrode Rise Potential in Capacitive Mixing by Double Layer Expansion

    KAUST Repository

    Hatzell, Marta C.

    2014-12-02

    © 2014 American Chemical Society. The amount of salinity-gradient energy that can be obtained through capacitive mixing based on double layer expansion depends on the extent the electric double layer (EDL) is altered in a low salt concentration (LC) electrolyte (e.g., river water). We show that the electrode-rise potential, which is a measure of the EDL perturbation process, was significantly (P = 10-5) correlated to the concentration of strong acid surface functional groups using five types of activated carbon. Electrodes with the lowest concentration of strong acids (0.05 mmol g-1) had a positive rise potential of 59 ± 4 mV in the LC solution, whereas the carbon with the highest concentration (0.36 mmol g-1) had a negative rise potential (-31 ± 5 mV). Chemical oxidation of a carbon (YP50) using nitric acid decreased the electrode rise potential from 46 ± 2 mV (unaltered) to -6 ± 0.5 mV (oxidized), producing a whole cell potential (53 ± 1.7 mV) that was 4.4 times larger than that obtained with identical electrode materials (from 12 ± 1 mV). Changes in the EDL were linked to the behavior of specific ions in a LC solution using molecular dynamics and metadynamics simulations. The EDL expanded in the LC solution when a carbon surface (pristine graphene) lacked strong acid functional groups, producing a positive-rise potential at the electrode. In contrast, the EDL was compressed for an oxidized surface (graphene oxide), producing a negative-rise electrode potential. These results established the linkage between rise potentials and specific surface functional groups (strong acids) and demonstrated on a molecular scale changes in the EDL using oxidized or pristine carbons.

  15. D-branes from Pure Spinor Superstring in AdS_5 x S^5 Background

    CERN Document Server

    Hanazawa, Sota

    2016-01-01

    We examine the surface term for the BRST transformation of the open pure spinor superstring in an AdS_5 x S^5 background. We find that the boundary condition to eliminate the surface term leads to a classification of possible configurations of 1/2 supersymmetric D-branes.

  16. D-branes from pure spinor superstring in AdS5 × S5 background

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanazawa, Sota; Sakaguchi, Makoto

    2017-01-01

    We examine the surface term for the BRST transformation of the open pure spinor superstring in an AdS5 ×S5 background. We find that the boundary condition to eliminate the surface term leads to a classification of possible configurations of 1/2 supersymmetric D-branes.

  17. Normalization and perturbation theory for tightly bound states of the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Suttorp

    1976-01-01

    The normalisation integrals for the tightly-bound-state solutions of the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation that have been derived recently are evaluated. Ghost states are found to appear when the continuous parameters characterising the type of fermion-boson interaction reach a critical value. Perturba

  18. Zero-mass limit of a Dirac spinor with general spin orientation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Şahin, İ.

    2016-11-01

    The helicity eigenstates that describe fermions with a special spin orientation (parallel or antiparallel to the direction of momentum) provide a considerable simplification in calculations. Hence, it is generally preferred to use the helicity basis during calculations in relativistic quantum mechanics or the quantum field theory. Possibly for the above reason, Dirac spinors describing a general spin orientation have been ignored in many textbooks. Although the helicity eigenstates give an almost complete understanding of the behavior of the free Dirac solutions, the zero-mass limit is one of its exceptions. The zero-mass behavior of the free spinor with general spin orientation and its relation with chirality eigenstates has been skipped in textbooks and hence it deserves a clear, detailed investigation. In this paper we obtain the free Dirac spinors describing a general spin orientation and examine their zero-mass limit. We also briefly discuss some of the implications of this small-mass behavior of the spinors on particle physics.

  19. Spinor formalism and the geometry of six-dimensional Riemannian spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Andreev, K V

    2012-01-01

    The article consists of the Russian and English variants of Ph.D. Thesis in which the answers is given on the following questions: 1. how to construct the spinor formalism for n=6; 2. how to construct the spinor formalism for n=8; 3. how to prolong the Riemannian connection from the tangent bundle into the spinor one with the base: a complex analytical 6-dimensional Riemannian space; 4. how to construct the real and complex representations of this bundles; 5. how to construct the curvature spinors and to investigate its properties; 6. how to obtain the canonical form of a bilinear form for the 6-dimensional pseudo-Euclidean space with the even index of the metric; 7. how to construct the geometric interpretation of isotropic twistors on the isotropic cone of the 6-dimensional pseudo-Euclidean space with the index equal to 4; 8. how to construct the generalization of the Cartan triality principle to the Klein correspondence; 9. how to construct the structural constants of the octonion algebra for the initial i...

  20. Numerical solution of the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation and the Goldstein problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Suttorp

    1978-01-01

    The spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation describing bound states of a fermion-antifermion pair with massless-boson exchange reduces to a single (uncoupled) partial differential equation for special combinations of the fermion-boson couplings. For spinless bound states with positive or negative parity this

  1. Normalization and perturbation theory for tightly bound states of the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suttorp, L.G.

    1976-01-01

    The normalisation integrals for the tightly-bound-state solutions of the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation that have been derived recently are evaluated. Ghost states are found to appear when the continuous parameters characterising the type of fermion-boson interaction reach a critical value. Perturba

  2. Exact solutions of the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation for tightly bound states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suttorp, L.G.

    1975-01-01

    Exact solutions are obtained for the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation that describes tightly bound states of spin-/sup 1///sub 2/ fermions with massless-boson exchange. The corresponding coupling constants form a discrete spectrum that depends continuously on the parameters characterizing the type of

  3. Exact solutions of the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation for tightly bound states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suttorp, L.G.

    1975-01-01

    Exact solutions are obtained for the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation that describes tightly bound states of spin-/sup 1///sub 2/ fermions with massless-boson exchange. The corresponding coupling constants form a discrete spectrum that depends continuously on the parameters characterizing the type of

  4. On spinors, strings, integrable models and decomposed Yang-Mills theory

    CERN Document Server

    Ioannidou, Theodora; Niemi, Antti J

    2014-01-01

    This paper deals with various interrelations between strings and surfaces in three dimensional ambient space, two dimensional integrable models and two dimensional and four dimensional decomposed SU(2) Yang-Mills theories. Initially, a spinor version of the Frenet equation is introduced in order to describe the differential geometry of static three dimensional string-like structures. Then its relation to the structure of the su(2) Lie algebra valued Maurer-Cartan one-form is presented; while by introducing time evolution of the string a Lax pair is obtained, as an integrability condition. In addition, it is show how the Lax pair of the integrable nonlinear Schroedinger equation becomes embedded into the Lax pair of the time extended spinor Frenet equation and it is described how a spinor based projection operator formalism can be used to construct the conserved quantities, in the case of the nonlinear Schroedinger equation. Then the Lax pair structure of the time extended spinor Frenet equation is related to ...

  5. Parametric amplification of matter waves in dipolar spinor Bose-Einstein condensates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deuretzbacher, F.; Gebreyesus, G.; Topic, O.;

    2010-01-01

    Spin-changing collisions may lead under proper conditions to the parametric amplification of matter waves in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates. Magnetic dipole-dipole interactions, although typically very weak in alkali-metal atoms, are shown to play a very relevant role in the amplification process...

  6. Infinite-dimensional p-adic groups, semigroups of double cosets, and inner functions on Bruhat-Tits buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neretin, Yu A.

    2015-06-01

    We construct p-adic analogues of operator colligations and their characteristic functions. Consider a p-adic group \\mathbf G={GL}(α+k∞, Q_p), a subgroup L= O(k∞, Z_p) of \\mathbf G and a subgroup \\mathbf K= O(∞, Z_p) which is diagonally embedded in L. We show that the space Γ=\\mathbf K\\setminus\\mathbf G/\\mathbf K of double cosets admits the structure of a semigroup and acts naturally on the space of \\mathbf K-fixed vectors of any unitary representation of \\mathbf G. With each double coset we associate a `characteristic function' that sends a certain Bruhat-Tits building to another building (the buildings are finite-dimensional) in such a way that the image of the distinguished boundary lies in the distinguished boundary. The second building admits the structure of a (Nazarov) semigroup, and the product in Γ corresponds to the pointwise product of characteristic functions.

  7. Common Behaviors of Spinor-Type Instantons in 2D Thirring and 4D Gursey Fermionic Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Aydogmus

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate two examples of conformal invariant pure spinor fermionic models, which admit particle-like solutions of the classical field equations. For different dimensions and quantum spinor numbers, the vector field visualizations of the models are constructed to provide a better understanding of the spinor-type instanton dynamics in phase space. The hierarchical cluster analysis method investigations of the models are also presented. Finally, the autocorrelation and power spectrum graphs of models are constructed and frequencies of motions are defined.

  8. Accelerating and decelerating cosmology from spinor and scalar fields non-minimally coupled with f(R) gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Rybalov, Yu A; Osetrin, K E

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the accelerating and decelerating cosmological models with non-linear spinor fields and non-minimal interaction of $f(R)$ gravity with a scalar field. We combine two different approaches to the description of dark energy: modified gravity theory and introduction of the additional fields. Solutions for the FRW universe with power-law scale factor are reconstructed for the model under consideration with specific choice for scalar and spinor potentials. It is explained the role of scalar and spinor potentials as well as f(R) function for emergence of accelerating or decelerating cosmology.

  9. Conformal Field Theory Correlators from Classical Field Theory on Anti-de Sitter Space; 2, Vector and Spinor Fields

    CERN Document Server

    Mück, W

    1998-01-01

    We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to calculate CFT correlation functions of vector and spinor fields. The connection between the AdS and boundary fields is properly treated via a Dirichlet boundary value problem.

  10. Reaching the boundary between stellar kinematic groups and very wide binaries. The Washington Double Stars with the widest angular separations

    CERN Document Server

    Caballero, Jose A

    2009-01-01

    Aims. I look for and characterise very wide binaries and multiple systems with projected physical separations larger than s = 0.1 pc, which is generally believed to be a sharp upper limit to the distribution of wide binay semimajor axes. Methods. I investigated in detail 30 Washington Double Stars with angular separations rho > 1000 arcsec. I discarded 23 of them as probably unbound systems based on discordant astrometry, photometry, spectral types, and radial velocities. The remaining seven systems were subject to a comprehensive data compilation and derivation (multi-wavelength photometry, heliocentric distance, multiplicity, age, mass, metallicity, membership in young kinematic group). Results. Of the seven very wide systems, six have projected physical separations larger than the hypothetical cutoff at s = 0.1 pc; four of them have separations s > 0.2 pc. Although there are two systems in young kinematic groups (namely HD 136654 and BD+32 2572 in the Hyades Supercluster, and AU Mic and AT Mic AB in the be...

  11. Efficacy and tolerability of salmeterol/fluticasone propionate versus montelukast in childhood asthma: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maspero, Jorge; Guerra, Frances; Cuevas, Francisco

    2008-01-01

    treatments were well tolerated, with a similar number of patients reporting AEs (SFC group, 155/281 [55%]; MON group, 153/267 [57%]); the most common AE in both groups was headache (SFC group, 66 [23%]; MON group, 72 [27%]). The mean exacerbation rates over 12 weeks (post hoc analysis) were 0.12 in the SFC...

  12. A double-masked comparison of Naprelan and nabumetone in osteoarthritis of the knee. Naprelan Study Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischmann, R M; Flint, K; Constantine, G; Kolecki, B

    1997-01-01

    The efficacy and safety of Naprelan (naproxen sodium) 1000 mg once daily (QD) and nabumetone 1500 mg QD were compared in a multicenter, randomized, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, double-masked, 4-week study of adult outpatients with active osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Nabumetone 1500 mg was chosen for comparison because it is commonly prescribed in a QD dosing regimen for OA. After a washout period free of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, 279 patients were enrolled and assigned randomly to treatment with either Naprelan 1000 mg QD (n = 92), nabumetone 1500 mg QD (n = 93), or placebo (n = 94). All treatments were evaluated for efficacy and safety at baseline and at weeks 2 and 4 of the treatment period or at discontinuation. Demographic characteristics were comparable among all treatment groups. As might be expected in a study of OA of the knee, a majority of patients enrolled were women (68.8%), and many were obese (mean weight, 195.6 lb; mean height, 66 in). Significantly fewer patients (13) treated with Naprelan prematurely discontinued the study than did patients treated with placebo (27); there was a lower rate of discontinuation for insufficient therapeutic effect in the Naprelan group compared with the nabumetone and placebo groups. Using an intent-to-treat model, the overall distribution of scores in all three primary efficacy assessments (investigator's global assessment of OA, patient's global assessment of OA, and walking pain) at week 2 and at the last visit was significantly better for the Naprelan group compared with both the nabumetone and placebo groups. The mean improvement from baseline was also significant for Naprelan compared with the nabumetone and placebo groups for all three assessments at week 2 and for investigator's global assessment of OA and walking pain at the last visit. The nabumetone-treated group showed significant improvement over the placebo-treated group in only one primary assessment: mean change from baseline in

  13. One-loop superstring six-point amplitudes and anomalies in pure spinor superspace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mafra, Carlos R.; Schlotterer, Oliver

    2016-04-01

    We present the massless six-point one-loop amplitudes in the open and closed superstring using BRST cohomology arguments from the pure spinor formalism. The hexagon gauge anomaly is traced back to a class of kinematic factors in pure spinor superspace which were recently introduced as BRST pseudo-invariants. This complements previous work where BRST invariance arguments were used to derive the non-anomalous part of the amplitude. The associated worldsheet functions are non-singular and demonstrated to yield total derivatives on moduli space upon gauge variation. These cohomology considerations yield an efficient organizing principle for closed-string amplitudes that match expectations from S-duality in the low-energy limit.

  14. U(N) tools for loop quantum gravity: the return of the spinor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borja, Enrique F.; Freidel, Laurent; Garay, Iñaki; Livine, Etera R.

    2011-03-01

    We explore the classical setting for the U(N) framework for SU(2) intertwiners for loop quantum gravity and describe the corresponding phase space in terms of spinors with the appropriate constraints. We show how its quantization leads back to the standard Hilbert space of intertwiner states defined as holomorphic functionals. We then explain how to glue these intertwiners states in order to construct spin network states as wavefunctions on the spinor phase space. In particular, we translate the usual loop gravity holonomy observables to our classical framework. Finally, we propose how to derive our phase space structure from an action principle which induces non-trivial dynamics for the spin network states. We conclude by applying explicitly our framework to states living on the simple 2-vertex graph and discuss the properties of the resulting Hamiltonian.

  15. U(N) tools for loop quantum gravity: the return of the spinor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borja, Enrique F; Garay, Inaki [Institute for Theoretical Physics III, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Staudtstrasse 7, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany); Freidel, Laurent [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline St North, Waterloo ON N2 L 2Y5 (Canada); Livine, Etera R, E-mail: etera.livine@ens-lyon.fr [Laboratoire de Physique, ENS Lyon, CNRS-UMR 5672, 46 Allee d' Italie, Lyon 69007 (France)

    2011-03-07

    We explore the classical setting for the U(N) framework for SU(2) intertwiners for loop quantum gravity and describe the corresponding phase space in terms of spinors with the appropriate constraints. We show how its quantization leads back to the standard Hilbert space of intertwiner states defined as holomorphic functionals. We then explain how to glue these intertwiners states in order to construct spin network states as wavefunctions on the spinor phase space. In particular, we translate the usual loop gravity holonomy observables to our classical framework. Finally, we propose how to derive our phase space structure from an action principle which induces non-trivial dynamics for the spin network states. We conclude by applying explicitly our framework to states living on the simple 2-vertex graph and discuss the properties of the resulting Hamiltonian.

  16. Ricci flow, Killing spinors, and T-duality in generalized geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia-Fernandez, Mario

    2016-01-01

    We introduce a notion of Ricci flow in generalized geometry, extending a previous definition by Gualtieri on exact Courant algebroids. Special stationary points of the flow are given by solutions to first-order differential equations, the Killing spinor equations, which encompass special holonomy metrics with solutions of the Strominger system. Our main result investigates a method to produce new solutions of the Ricci flow and the Killing spinor equations. For this, we consider T-duality between possibly topologically distinct torus bundles endowed with Courant structures, and demonstrate that solutions of the equations are exchanged under this symmetry. As applications, we give a mathematical explanation of the dilaton shift in string theory and prove that the Strominger system is preserved by T-duality.

  17. Zero-mass limit of a Dirac spinor with general spin orientation

    CERN Document Server

    Sahin, I

    2016-01-01

    The helicity eigenstates which describe the fermions with a special spin orientation (parallel or antiparallel to the direction of momentum) provide considerable simplification in calculations. Hence, it is generally preferred to use helicity basis during the calculations in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics or Quantum Field Theory. Possibly because of the above reason, the Dirac spinors describing a general spin orientation have been ignored in many textbooks. Although the helicity eigenstates give almost complete understanding of the behavior of the free Dirac solutions, the zero-mass limit is one of its exception. It is well known that the helicity eigenstates converge to the chirality eigenstates in the zero-mass limit. It is very common to assume that this result is not specific to helicity eigenstates, but valid in general. On the contrary, the free spinor with general spin orientation does not converge to one of the chirality eigenstate or equivalently is not described by one of the Weyl equations, in the...

  18. U(N) tools for Loop Quantum Gravity: The Return of the Spinor

    CERN Document Server

    Borja, Enrique F; Garay, Iñaki; Livine, Etera R

    2010-01-01

    We explore the classical setting for the U(N) framework for SU(2) intertwiners for loop quantum gravity (LQG) and describe the corresponding phase space in terms of spinors with appropriate constraints. We show how its quantization leads back to the standard Hilbert space of intertwiner states defined as holomorphic functionals. We then explain how to glue these intertwiners states in order to construct spin network states as wave-functions on the spinor phase space. In particular, we translate the usual loop gravity holonomy observables to our classical framework. Finally, we propose how to derive our phase space structure from an action principle which induces non-trivial dynamics for the spin network states. We conclude by applying explicitly our framework to states living on the simple 2-vertex graph and discuss the properties of the resulting Hamiltonian.

  19. One-body and Two-body Fractional Parentage Coefficients for Spinor Bose-Einstein Condensation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAO Cheng-guang

    2006-01-01

    A very effective tool,namely,the analytical expression of the fractional parentage coefficients (FPC),is introduced in this paper to deal with the total spin states of N-body spinor bosonic systems,where N is supposed to be large and the spin of each boson is one.In particular,the analytical forms of the one-body and two-body FPC for the total spin states with {N} and {N-1,1} permutation symmetries have been derived.These coefficients facilitate greatly the calculation of related matrix elements,and they can be used even in the case of N →∞.Theyappear as a powerful tool for the establishment of an improved theory of spinor Bose-Einstein condensation,where the eigenstates have the total spin S and its Z-component being both conserved.

  20. One-loop superstring six-point amplitudes and anomalies in pure spinor superspace

    CERN Document Server

    Mafra, Carlos R

    2016-01-01

    We present the massless six-point one-loop amplitudes in the open and closed superstring using BRST cohomology arguments from the pure spinor formalism. The hexagon gauge anomaly is traced back to a class of kinematic factors in pure spinor superspace which were recently introduced as BRST pseudo-invariants. This complements previous work where BRST invariance arguments were used to derive the non-anomalous part of the amplitude. The associated worldsheet functions are non-singular and demonstrated to yield total derivatives on moduli space upon gauge variation. These cohomology considerations yield an efficient organizing principle for closed-string amplitudes that match expectations from S-duality in the low-energy limit.

  1. A Note on GSO-Free RNS Superstrings and Pure Spinor Constraint

    CERN Document Server

    Polyakov, Dimitri

    2015-01-01

    Using an elementary perturbative open string field theory solution involving a twistor-like parameter, we study the cohomology of new nilpotent BRST charge corresponding to the space-time background defined by this solution. The BRST cohomology of the deformed background automatically cuts off the GSO-odd spectrum in RNS superstring theory and keeps the GSO-even spectrum intact, without a need of GSO-projection. The on-shell constraints in the GSO-even sector get deformed in the new background, corresponding to BRST type transformations of the low-energy effective action with the ghost-like commuting spinor parameter satisfying the pure spinor constraint in $d=10$.

  2. Fierz relations for Volkov spinors and the simplification of Furry picture traces

    CERN Document Server

    Hartin, A

    2016-01-01

    Transition probability calculations of strong field particle processes in the Furry picture, typically use fermion Volkov solutions. These solutions have a relatively complicated spinor due to the interaction of the electron spin with a strong external field, which in turn leads to unwieldy trace calculations. The simplification of these calculations would aid theoretical studies of strong field phenomena such as the predicted resonance behaviour of higher order Furry picture processes. Here, Fierz transformations of Volkov spinors are developed and applied to a 1st order and a 2nd order Furry picture process. Combined with symmetry properties, the techniques presented here are generally applicable and lead to considerable simplification of Furry picture analytic calculations.

  3. Two special classes of space-times admitting a non-null valence two Killing spinor

    CERN Document Server

    Bergh, Norbert Van den

    2009-01-01

    Non-conformally flat space-times admitting a non-null Killing spinor of valence two are investigated in the Geroch-Held-Penrose formalism. Contrary to popular belief these space-times are not all explicitly known. It is shown that the standard construction hinges on the tacit assumption that certain integrability conditions hold, implying two algebraic relations, KS1 and KS2, for the spin coefficients and the components of the Ricci spinor. An exhaustive list of (conformal classes of) space-times, in which either KS1 or KS2 are violated, is presented. The resulting space-times are each other's Sachs transforms, in general admit no Killing vectors and are characterized by a single arbitrary function.

  4. Raman fingerprints on the Bloch sphere of a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Justin T.; Hansen, Azure; Murphree, Joseph D.; Jayaseelan, Maitreyi; Bigelow, Nicholas P.

    2016-10-01

    We explore the geometric interpretation of a diabatic, two-photon Raman process as a rotation on the Bloch sphere for a pseudo-spin-? system. The spin state of a spin-? quantum system can be described by a point on the surface of the Bloch sphere, and its evolution during a Raman pulse is a trajectory on the sphere determined by properties of the optical beams: the pulse area, the relative intensities and phases and the relative frequencies. We experimentally demonstrate key features of this model with a ?Rb spinor Bose-Einstein condensate, which allows us to examine spatially dependent signatures of the Raman beams. The two-photon detuning allows us to precisely control the spin density and imprinted relative phase profiles, as we show with a coreless vortex. With this comprehensive understanding and intuitive geometric interpretation, we use the Raman process to create and tailor as well as study and characterize exotic topological spin textures in spinor BECs.

  5. Tailoring surface properties and structure of layered double hydroxides using silanes with different number of functional groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Qi; He, Hongping; Li, Tian; Frost, Ray L.; Zhang, Dan; He, Zisen

    2014-05-01

    Four silanes, trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS), dimethyldiethoxylsilane (DMDES), 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), were adopted to graft layered double hydroxides (LDH) via an induced hydrolysis silylation method (IHS). Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) and 29Si MAS nuclear magnetic resonance spectra (29Si MAS NMR) indicated that APTES and TEOS can be grafted onto LDH surfaces via condensation with hydroxyl groups of LDH, while TMCS and DMDES could only be adsorbed on the LDH surface with a small quantity. A combination of X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) and 29Si MAS NMR spectra showed that silanes were exclusively present in the external surface and had little influence on the long range order of LDH. The surfactant intercalation experiment indicated that the adsorbed and/or grafted silane could not fix the interlamellar spacing of the LDH. However, they will form crosslink between the particles and affect the further surfactant intercalation in the silylated samples. The replacement of water by ethanol in the tactoids and/or aggregations and the polysiloxane oligomers formed during silylation procedure can dramatically increase the value of BET surface area (SBET) and total pore volumes (Vp) of the products.

  6. Knowledge extraction algorithm for variances handling of CP using integrated hybrid genetic double multi-group cooperative PSO and DPSO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Gang; Jiang, Zhibin; Diao, Xiaodi; Yao, Yang

    2012-04-01

    Although the clinical pathway (CP) predefines predictable standardized care process for a particular diagnosis or procedure, many variances may still unavoidably occur. Some key index parameters have strong relationship with variances handling measures of CP. In real world, these problems are highly nonlinear in nature so that it's hard to develop a comprehensive mathematic model. In this paper, a rule extraction approach based on combing hybrid genetic double multi-group cooperative particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO) and discrete PSO algorithm (named HGDMCPSO/DPSO) is developed to discovery the previously unknown and potentially complicated nonlinear relationship between key parameters and variances handling measures of CP. Then these extracted rules can provide abnormal variances handling warning for medical professionals. Three numerical experiments on Iris of UCI data sets, Wisconsin breast cancer data sets and CP variances data sets of osteosarcoma preoperative chemotherapy are used to validate the proposed method. When compared with the previous researches, the proposed rule extraction algorithm can obtain the high prediction accuracy, less computing time, more stability and easily comprehended by users, thus it is an effective knowledge extraction tool for CP variances handling.

  7. Vacuum polarization of massive spinor fields in static black-string backgrounds

    CERN Document Server

    Piedra, Owen Pavel Fernandez

    2007-01-01

    The renormalized mean value of the quantum Lagrangian and the corresponding components of the Energy-Momentum tensor for massive spinor fields coupled to an arbitrary gravitational field configuration having cylindrical symmetry are analytically evaluated using the Schwinger-DeWitt approximation, up to second order in the inverse mass value. The general results are employed to explicitly derive compact analytical expressions for the quantum mean Lagrangian and Energy- Momentum tensor in the particular background of the Black-String space-time.

  8. Observation of F = 2 Spinor Bose-Einstein Condensation in a Magnetic Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Xiu-Quan; CHEN Shuai; YANG Fan; XIA Lin; ZHOU Xiao-Ji; WANG Yi-Qiu; CHEN Xu-Zong

    2005-01-01

    @@ Multiple-component Bose-Einstein condensation has been observed in a magnetic field generated by a controllable magnetic quadrupole-Ioffe-configuration trap. Different distributions of atoms in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates are created by changing the time difference of switching-off current in quadrupole-Ioffe-configuration coils and bias coils of the magnetic trap. A simple analysis is carried out to explain some phenomena of the experiment.

  9. Multiloop calculations in the string-inspired formalism the single spinor-loop in QED

    CERN Document Server

    Schmidt, M G; Schmidt, M G; Schubert, C

    1996-01-01

    We use the worldline path-integral approach to the Bern-Kosower formalism for developing a new algorithm for calculation of the sum of diagrams with one spinor-loop and fixed numbers of external and internal photons. The method is based on worldline supersymmetry, and on the construction of multiloop worldline Green functions. The two-loop QED \\beta -- function is calculated as an example.

  10. Cosmological models with spinor and scalar fields by Noether symmetry approach

    CERN Document Server

    Kremer, Gilberto M

    2013-01-01

    General cosmological models with spinor and scalar fields playing the role of gravitational sources are analyzed. The Noether symmetry approach is taken as a criterion to constrain the undefined potentials and couplings of the generic actions. For all the found Noether symmetries the corresponding dynamical systems can be analytically integrated. The obtained cosmological solutions describe the early and late Universe as expected by basing on the known eras of the Universe.

  11. Vortex solutions in axial or chiral coupled non-relativistic spinor- Chern-Simons theory

    CERN Document Server

    Németh, Z A

    1997-01-01

    The interaction of a spin 1/2 particle (described by the non-relativistic "Dirac" equation of Lévy-Leblond) with Chern-Simons gauge fields is studied. It is shown, that similarly to the four dimensional spinor models, there is a consistent possibility of coupling them also by axial or chiral type currents. Static self dual vortex solutions together with a vortex-lattice are found with the new couplings.

  12. Relating the Green-Schwarz and Pure Spinor Formalisms for the Superstring

    CERN Document Server

    Berkovits, N; Berkovits, Nathan; Marchioro, Dafni Z.

    2005-01-01

    Although it is not known how to covariantly quantize the Green-Schwarz (GS) superstring, there exists a semi-light-cone gauge choice in which the GS superstring can be quantized in a conformally invariant manner. In this paper, we prove that BRST quantization of the GS superstring in semi-light-cone gauge is equivalent to BRST quantization using the pure spinor formalism for the superstring.

  13. Beta-gamma system, pure spinors and Hilbert series of arc spaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhamidipati, Chandrasekhar [School of Basic Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar,Bhubaneswar 751 007 (India); Ray, Koushik [Department of Theoretical Physics, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science,Calcutta 700 032 (India)

    2015-01-14

    Algorithms are presented for calculating the partition function of constrained beta-gamma systems in terms of the generating functions of the individual fields of the theory, the latter obtained as the Hilbert series of the arc space of the algebraic variety defined by the constraint. Examples of a beta-gamma system on a complex surface with an A{sub 1} singularity and pure spinors are worked out and compared with existing results.

  14. The local vicinity of spins sum for certain mass dimension one spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Rogério, R J Bueno

    2016-01-01

    It is well known that the usual formulation of Elko spinor fields leads to a subtle Lorentz symmetry break encoded in the spin sums. Recently it was proposed a redefinition in the dual structure, along with a given mathematical device, which eliminate the Lorentz breaking term in the spin sums. In this work we delve into the analysis of this mathematical device providing a solid framework to the used method.

  15. Higher-spin fields and charges in the periodic spinor space

    CERN Document Server

    Goncharov, Y O

    2016-01-01

    The $sp(2M)$ invariant unfolded system is considered in the periodic twistor-like spinor space. Complete set of non-trivial charges corresponding to the global symmetry compatible with the periodicity conditions is constructed. Residual infinite-dimensional symmetry is realized in terms of the star-product algebra. It is shown that charges associated with integrations over different cycles are related by particular higher-spin symmetry transformations.

  16. Dirac-Kahler equation in curved space-time, relation between spinor and tensor formulations

    CERN Document Server

    Red'kov, V M

    2011-01-01

    A common view is that generalization of a wave equation on Riemannian space-time is substantially determined by what a particle is - boson or fermion. As a rule, they say that tensor equations for bosons are extended in a simpler way then spinor equations for fermions. In that context, a very interesting problem is of extension a wave equation for Dirac--K\\"{a}hler field (Ivanenko--Landau field was historically first term, also the term a vector field of general type was used). The article relates a generally covariant tensor formalism to a spinor one when these both are applied to description of the Dirac-K\\"ahler field in a Rimannian space-time. Both methods are taken to be equivalent and the tensor equations are derived from spinor ones. It is shown that, for characterization of Dirac-K\\"ahler's tensor components, two alternative approaches are suitable: these are whether a tetrad-based pseudo tensor classification or a generally coordinate pseudo tensor one. By imposing definite restrictions on the the Di...

  17. Complete N-point superstring disk amplitude I. Pure spinor computation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mafra, Carlos R., E-mail: crmafra@aei.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Schlotterer, Oliver, E-mail: olivers@mppmu.mpg.de [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Werner-Heisenberg-Institut, 80805 München (Germany); Stieberger, Stephan, E-mail: stephan.stieberger@mpp.mpg.de [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Werner-Heisenberg-Institut, 80805 München (Germany)

    2013-08-21

    In this paper the pure spinor formalism is used to obtain a compact expression for the superstring N-point disk amplitude. The color-ordered string amplitude is given by a sum over (N−3)! super-Yang–Mills subamplitudes multiplied by multiple Gaussian hypergeometric functions. In order to obtain this result, the cohomology structure of the pure spinor superspace is exploited to generalize the Berends–Giele method of computing super-Yang–Mills amplitudes. The method was briefly presented in Mafra et al. (2011) [1], and this paper elaborates on the details and contains higher-rank examples of building blocks and associated cohomology objects. But the main achievement of this work is to identify these field-theory structures in the pure spinor computation of the superstring amplitude. In particular, the associated set of basis worldsheet integrals is constructively obtained here and thoroughly investigated together with the structure and properties of the amplitude in Mafra et al. (2011) [2], (arXiv:1106.2646 [hep-th])

  18. Holonomy groups of Lorentzian manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Galaev, Anton S

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, a survey of the recent results about the classification of the connected holonomy groups of the Lorentzian manifolds is given. A simplification of the construction of the Lorentzian metrics with all possible connected holonomy groups is obtained. As the applications, the Einstein equation, Lorentzian manifolds with parallel and recurrent spinor fields, conformally flat Walker metrics and the classification of 2-symmetric Lorentzian manifolds are considered.

  19. Sphingolipid-dependent fusion of Semliki Forest virus with cholesterol-containing liposomes requires both the 3-hydroxyl group and the double bond of the sphingolipid backbone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Corver, J; Moesby, Lise; Erukulla, R K;

    1995-01-01

    , we demonstrate that sphingolipid-dependent fusion of SFV with cholesterol-containing liposomes exhibits remarkable molecular specificity, the 3-hydroxyl group and the 4,5-trans carbon-carbon double bond of the sphingosine backbone being critical for the sphingolipid to mediate the process...

  20. Large-scale parallel configuration interaction. II. Two- and four-component double-group general active space implementation with application to BiH

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knecht, Stefan; Jensen, Hans Jørgen Aagaard; Fleig, Timo

    2010-01-01

    We present a parallel implementation of a large-scale relativistic double-group configuration interaction CIprogram. It is applicable with a large variety of two- and four-component Hamiltonians. The parallel algorithm is based on a distributed data model in combination with a static load balanci...

  1. Self-Dual Yang-Mills and Vector-Spinor Fields, Nilpotent Fermionic Symmetry, and Supersymmetric Integrable Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Nishino, Hitoshi

    2012-01-01

    We present a system of a self-dual Yang-Mills field and a self-dual vector-spinor field with nilpotent fermionic symmetry (but not supersymmetry) in 2+2 dimensions, that generates supersymmetric integrable systems in lower dimensions. Our field content is (A_\\mu{}^I, \\psi_\\mu{}^I, \\chi^{I J}), where I and J are the adjoint indices of arbitrary gauge group. The \\chi^{I J} is a Stueckelberg field for consistency. The system has local nilpotent fermionic symmetry with the algebra \\{N_\\alpha{}^I, N_\\beta{}^J \\} = 0. This system generates supersymmetric Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equations in D=2+1, and supersymmetric Korteweg-de Vries equations in D=1+1 after appropriate dimensional reductions. We also show that a similar self-dual system in seven dimensions generates self-dual system in four dimensions. Based on our results we conjecture that lower-dimensional supersymmetric integral models can be generated by non-supersymmetric self-dual systems in higher dimensions only with nilpotent fermionic symmetries.

  2. Impacts of Tillage, Maturity Group, and Insecticide Use on Megacopta cribraria (Hemiptera: Plataspidae) Populations in Double-Cropped Soybean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Pozo-Valdivia, Alejandro I; Reisig, Dominic D; Bacheler, Jack S

    2017-01-04

    Megacopta cribraria (F.), also known as the kudzu bug, is a soybean pest in the United States, and it can cause up to a 60% yield reduction if not controlled. Insecticides are commonly used to manage this pest in commercial soybean fields. However, other soybean production practices may also affect kudzu bug populations. This study investigated the effect of soil tillage, maturity group selection, and insecticide use on kudzu bug densities in soybean. During 2012 and 2013, at two locations each year in North Carolina, four varieties of soybean maturity groups were planted in June into conventionally tilled plots and into plots with cereal crop residue under reduced tillage conditions (mimicking double-crop production). Plots were further split as insecticide-protected and untreated. Four times more kudzu bugs were found in conventionally tilled than reduced till plots throughout the growing season. Selection of the maturity group influenced the attractiveness of the kudzu bug to oviposit on soybean. A 56% reduction of kudzu bug densities was achieved through insecticide treatment, with an ∼6% increase in yield. Information on how production practices, including soil tillage, affect kudzu bug populations in soybean may help growers select practices to minimize kudzu bug injury and protect yield.ResumenMegacopta cribraria (F.), conocido como el bicho del kudzu, es una plaga de la soja en los Estados Unidos que puede reducir el rendimiento hasta un 60% si no es controlado oportunamente con insecticidas en campos comerciales de soja. Sin embargo, otras prácticas de producción en la soja pueden afectar las poblaciones del bicho del kudzu. El presente estudio investigó el efecto de la labranza del campo, la selección del grupo de madurez en soja, y el uso de insecticidas en la densidad del bicho del kudzu. Durante el 2012 y el 2013, cuatro diferentes grupos de madurez de soja fueron plantados en Junio bajo el sistema tradicional de labranza y con labranza reducida

  3. Spinor Field Realizations of Non-critical W2,4 String Based on Linear W1,2,4 Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Li-Jie; LIU Yu-Xiao

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the spinor field realizations of the W2,4 algebra, making use of the fact that the W2,4 algebra can be linearized through the addition of a spin-1 current. And then the nilpotent BRST charges of the spinor non-critical W2,4 string were built with these realizations.

  4. Quantum Correlation of Many Atoms in Spinor Bose-Einstein Condensates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    In this letter, we have studied sub-Poissonian distributions and quantum correlation of atoms in spinor Bose Einstein condensates. It is found that there exists the sub-Poissonian distributions for spin-1 and spin-(-1) components,respectively. There may exist the violation of the Cauchy-Schwartz inequality. For the same atomic numbers, the regions that include violation of the Cauchy-Schwartz inequality will shift rightwards with the increment of the Rabi frequency,whereas for the same Rabi frequency, the regions will shift leftwards with the increment of the atomic numbers.

  5. Exact periodic and solitonic states of the spinor condensates in a uniform external potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Zhi-Hai [School of Physics and Electronics, Yancheng Teachers University, Yancheng 224051 (China); Yang, Shi-Jie, E-mail: yangshijie@tsinghua.org.cn [Department of Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)

    2016-08-15

    We propose a method to analytically solve the one-dimensional coupled nonlinear Gross–Pitaevskii equations which govern the motion of the spinor Bose–Einstein condensates. In a uniform external potential, several classes of exact periodic and solitonic solutions, either in real or in complex forms, are obtained for both the F=1 and F=2 condensates for the Hamiltonian comprising the kinetic energy, the linear and the quadratic Zeeman energies. Real solutions take the form of composite soliton trains. Complex solutions correspond to the mass counter-flows as well as spin currents. These solutions are general that contains neither approximations nor constraints on the system parameters.

  6. The spinor field in Rindler spacetime an analysis of the Unruh effect

    CERN Document Server

    Oriti, D

    2000-01-01

    We analyse the quantization procedure of the spinor field in the Rindler spacetime, showing the boundary conditions that should be imposed to the field, in order to have a well posed theory. We then investigate the relationship between this construction and the usual one in Minkowski spacetime. This leads to the concept of "Unruh effect", that is the thermal nature of the Minkowski vacuum state from the point of view of an accelerated observer. It is demostrated that the two constructions are qualitatively different and can not be compared and consequently the conventional interpretation of the Unruh effect is questionable.

  7. Some statistical aspects of the spinor field Fermi-Bose duality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.M. Simulik

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The structure of 29-dimensional extended real Clifford-Dirac algebra, which has been introduced in our paper Phys. Lett. A, 2011, Vol. 375, 2479, is considered in brief. Using this algebra, the property of Fermi-Bose duality of the Dirac equation with nonzero mass is proved. It means that Dirac equation can describe not only the fermionic but also the bosonic states. The proof of our assertion based on the examples of bosonic symmetries, solutions and conservation laws is given. Some statistical aspects of the spinor field Fermi-Bose duality are discussed.

  8. Elliptic Function Waves of Spinor Bose-Einstein Condensates in an Optical Lattice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Yuan-Dong

    2009-01-01

    An improved nonlinear Schrodinger equation different from usual one of spinor Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) in an optical lattice are obtained by taking into account a nonlinear term in the equation of motion for probability amplitude of spins carefully. The elliptic function wave solutions of the model are found under specific boundary condition, for example, the two ends of the atomic chain are fixed. In the case of limit the elliptic function wave solutions are reduced into spin-wave-like or solitons.

  9. Magnons interaction of spinor Bose–Einstein condensates in an optical lattice

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yong-Qing Liu

    2009-12-01

    We study the interaction of magnons in dipolar spinor Bose–Einstein condensates in an optical lattice. By means of Holstein–Primakoff and Fourier transformations the energy spectra of the ground and the excited states is obtained analytically. Our results show that the collision of magnons is elastic which is expressed by the conservation of wave numbers in the process of collision. At last, we found that the interaction of magnons is attractive which tends to self-localization to form spin waves, i.e., a cluster of a macroscopic number of coherent magnons. Because of the attraction, the instability of spin wave brings about the existence of solitary wave.

  10. Spinor helicity methods in high-energy factorization: Efficient momentum-space calculations in the Color Glass Condensate formalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Ayala

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available We use the spinor helicity formalism to calculate the cross section for production of three partons of a given polarization in Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS off proton and nucleus targets at small Bjorken x. The target proton or nucleus is treated as a classical color field (shock wave from which the produced partons scatter multiple times. We reported our result for the final expression for the production cross section and studied the azimuthal angular correlations of the produced partons in [1]. Here we provide the full details of the calculation of the production cross section using the spinor helicity methods.

  11. Efficacy and safety of bilastine in Japanese patients with perennial allergic rhinitis: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group phase III study

    OpenAIRE

    Kimihiro Okubo; Minoru Gotoh; Mikiya Asako; Yasuyuki Nomura; Michinori Togawa; Akihiro Saito; Takayuki Honda; Yoshihiro Ohashi

    2017-01-01

    Background: Bilastine, a novel non-sedating second-generation H1 antihistamine, has been approved in most European countries since 2010. This study aimed to evaluate the superiority of bilastine over placebo in Japanese patients with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR). Methods: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase III study (trial registration number JapicCTI-142600) evaluated the effect of a 2-week treatment period with bilastine (20 mg once daily), fexo...

  12. Exact solutions of the Dirac equation with P(o)schl-Teller double-ring-shaped Coulomb potential via the Nikiforov-Uvarov method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E.Maghsoodi; H.Hassanabadi; S.Zarrinkamar

    2013-01-01

    Exact analytical solutions of the Dirac equation are reported for the P(o)schl-Teller double-ring-shaped Coulomb potential.The radial,polar,and azimuthal parts of the Dirac equation are solved using the Nikiforov-Uvarov method,and the exact bound-state energy eigenvalues and corresponding two-component spinor wavefunctions are reported.

  13. Extension of Standard Model in Multi-spinor Field Formalism - Visible and Dark Sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sogami, Ikuo S.

    With multi-spinor fields which behave as triple-tensor products of the Dirac spinors, the Standard Model is extended so as to embrace three families of ordinary quarks and leptons in the visible sector and an additional family of exotic quarks and leptons in the dark sector of our Universe. Apart from the gauge and Higgs fields of the Standard Model symmetry G, new gauge and Higgs fields of a symmetry isomorphic to G are postulated to exist in the dark sector. It is the bi-quadratic interaction between visible and dark Higgs fields that opens a main portal to the dark sector. Breakdowns of the visible and dark electroweak symmetries result in the Higgs boson with mass 125 GeV and a new boson which can be related to the diphoton excess around 750 GeV. Subsequent to a common inationary phase and a reheating period, the visible and dark sectors follow weakly-interacting paths of thermal histories. We propose scenarios for dark matter in which no dark nuclear reaction takes place. A candidate for the main component of the dark matter is a stable dark hadron with spin 3/2, and the upper limit of its mass is estimated to be 15.1 GeV/c2.

  14. Approximate KMS states for scalar and spinor fields in Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetimes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dappiaggi, Claudio; Hack, Thomas-Paul [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). II. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Pinamonti, Nicola [Roma ' ' Tor Vergata' ' Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Matematica

    2010-09-15

    We construct and discuss Hadamard states for both scalar and Dirac spinor fields in a large class of spatially flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetimes characterised by an initial phase either of exponential or of power-law expansion. The states we obtain can be interpreted as being in thermal equilibrium at the time when the scale factor a has a specific value a = a{sub 0}. In the case a{sub 0} = 0, these states fulfil a strict KMS condition on the boundary of the spacetime, which is either a cosmological horizon, or a Big Bang hypersurface. Furthermore, in the conformally invariant case, they are conformal KMS states on the full spacetime. However, they provide a natural notion of an approximate KMS state also in the remaining cases, especially for massive fields. On the technical side, our results are based on a bulk-to-boundary reconstruction technique already successfully applied in the scalar case and here proven to be suitable also for spinor fields. The potential applications of the states we find range over a broad spectrum, but they appear to be suited to discuss in particular thermal phenomena such as the cosmic neutrino background or the quantum state of dark matter. (orig.)

  15. Precise measurements on a quantum phase transition in antiferromagnetic spinor Bose-Einstein condensates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinit, A.; Raman, C.

    2017-01-01

    We have experimentally investigated the quench dynamics of antiferromagnetic spinor Bose-Einstein condensates in the vicinity of a zero temperature quantum phase transition at zero quadratic Zeeman shift q . The rate of instability shows good agreement with predictions based upon solutions to the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations. A key feature of this work was removal of magnetic field inhomogeneities, resulting in a steep change in behavior near the transition point. The quadratic Zeeman shift at the transition point was resolved to 250 mHz uncertainty, equivalent to an energy resolution of kB× (12 pK). A small (2-3 σ ) shift of the transition point was observed, from q =0 to q =+650 mHz, whose physical mechanism is currently unknown. In this work, we demonstrate a sub-Hz precision measurement of a phase transition in quantum gases. It paves the way toward observing shifts of the transition point due to finite particle number N that scale as 1 /N , and also to potential Heisenberg limited spectroscopy with antiferromagnetic spinor gases [L.-N. Wu and L. You, Phys. Rev. A 93, 033608 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevA.93.033608].

  16. Unfolding spinor wave functions and expectation values of general operators: Introducing the unfolding-density operator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medeiros, Paulo V. C.; Tsirkin, Stepan S.; Stafström, Sven; Björk, Jonas

    2015-01-01

    We show that the spectral weights Wm K ⃗(k ⃗) used for the unfolding of two-component spinor eigenstates | ψmK ⃗ SC>=|α >| ψmK ⃗ SC,α >+|β >| ψmK ⃗ SC,β > can be decomposed as the sum of the partial spectral weights WmK ⃗ μ(k ⃗) calculated for each component μ =α ,β independently, effortlessly turning a possibly complicated problem involving two coupled quantities into two independent problems of easy solution. Furthermore, we define the unfolding-density operator ρ̂K ⃗(k ⃗;ɛ ) , which unfolds the primitive cell expectation values φpc(k ⃗;ɛ ) of any arbitrary operator φ ̂ according to φpc(k ⃗;ɛ ) =Tr( ρ̂K ⃗(k ⃗;ɛ ) φ ̂) . As a proof of concept, we apply the method to obtain the unfolded band structures, as well as the expectation values of the Pauli spin matrices, for prototypical physical systems described by two-component spinor eigenfunctions.

  17. Decoupling of unphysical states in the minimal pure spinor formalism I

    CERN Document Server

    Hoogeveen, Joost

    2009-01-01

    This is the first of a series of two papers where decoupling of unphysical states in the minimal pure spinor formalism is investigated. The multi-loop amplitude prescription for the minimal pure spinor superstring formulated in hep-th/0406055 involves the insertion of picture changing operators in the path integral. These operators are BRST closed in a distributional sense and depend on a number of constant tensors. One can trace the origin of these insertions to gauge fixing, so the amplitudes are formally independent of the constant tensors. We show however by explicit tree-level and one-loop computations that the picture changing operators are not BRST closed inside correlators and the amplitudes do depend on these constant tensors. This is due to the fact that the gauge fixing condition implicit in the existing minimal amplitude prescription is singular and this can lead to Lorentz violation and non-decoupling of BRST exact states. As discussed in hep-th/0406055, a manifestly Lorentz invariant prescriptio...

  18. Raman fingerprints on the Bloch sphere of a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate

    CERN Document Server

    Schultz, Justin T; Murphree, Joseph D; Jayaseelan, Maitreyi; Bigelow, Nicholas P

    2016-01-01

    We explore the geometric interpretation of a diabatic, two-photon Raman process as a rotation on the Bloch sphere for a pseudo-spin-1/2 system. The spin state of a spin-1/2 quantum system can be described by a point on the surface of the Bloch sphere, and its evolution during a Raman pulse is a trajectory on the sphere determined by properties of the optical beams: the pulse area, the relative intensities and phases, and the relative frequencies. We experimentally demonstrate key features of this model with a $^{87}$Rb spinor Bose-Einstein condensate, which allows us to examine spatially dependent signatures of the Raman beams. The two-photon detuning allows us to precisely control the spin density and imprinted relative phase profiles, as we show with a coreless vortex. With this comprehensive understanding and intuitive geometric interpretation, we use the Raman process to create and tailor as well as study and characterize exotic topological spin textures in spinor BECs.

  19. The Lorentz Group with Dual-Translations and the Conformal Group

    CERN Document Server

    Shurtleff, Richard

    2016-01-01

    For those finite-matrix representations of the Lorentz group of rotations/boosts that can also represent translations, two possible translation subgroups qualify. Of these two, one is selected, and one is discarded to represent the Poincar\\'{e} group of rotations/boosts with translations in spacetime. Instead, let us discard the requirement that spacetime symmetries include just one translation subgroup. Then the transformations of both possible translation subgroups combine with those of the Lorentz group. The commutation relations of the generators of the dual-translations are calculated and presented here. Furthermore, spins are sought and found for those Lorentz reps that give a closed group while keeping new-transformation expansion in check. One finds that the Dirac 4-spinor formalism is the only solution and the slightly expanded group it represents is the conformal group. It follows as a corollary that the Dirac 4-spinor formalism is the only matrix representation of the conformal group.

  20. Maxwell Equations in Media, Group Theory and Polarization of the Light

    CERN Document Server

    Red'kov, V M

    2009-01-01

    In the paper a factorized technique of working with the Lorentz, which closely related to studies of Einstein and Mayer on semi-vectors, and to the systematic construction of the Lorentz group theory on this base given by Fedorov, and also closely related to quaternionic approach, is used. This technique is specified for looking at the problems of light polarization optics in the frames of vector Stokes-Mueller and spinor Jones formalism. Translation to isotropic formalism by Newman and Penrose is described. Some unsolved problems are considered. In particular, because Jones complex formalism has close relation to spinor objects of the Lorentz group, within the field of the light polarization we could have physical realizations on the optical desk of some subtle topological distinctions between orthogonal L_{+}^{\\uparrow} = SO_{0}(3.1) and spinor SL(2.C) groups. These topological differences of the groups find their corollaries in the problem of the so-called spinor structure of physical space-time. Bi-spinor...

  1. Effects of a Topical Saffron (Crocus sativus L) Gel on Erectile Dysfunction in Diabetics: A Randomized, Parallel-Group, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadzadeh-Moghadam, Hossein; Nazari, Seyed Mohammad; Shamsa, Ali; Kamalinejad, Mohammad; Esmaeeli, Habibollah; Asadpour, Amir Abbas; Khajavi, Abdoljavad

    2015-10-01

    Erectile dysfunction is a man's persistent or recurrent inability to achieve and maintain erection for a satisfactory sexual relationship. As diabetes is a major risk factor for erectile dysfunction, the prevalence of erectile dysfunction among diabetic men has been reported as 35% to 90%. This randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial investigated the effects of a topical saffron (Crocus sativus L) gel on erectile dysfunction in diabetic men. Patients were randomly allocated to 2 equal groups (with 25 patients each). The intervention group was treated with topical saffron, and the control received a similar treatment with placebo. The 2 groups were assessed using the International Index of Erectile Function Questionnaire before the intervention and 1 month after the intervention. Compared to placebo, the prepared saffron gel could significantly improve erectile dysfunction in diabetic patients (P saffron can be considered as a treatment option for diabetic men with erectile dysfunction.

  2. A generalization of the Lax pair for the pure spinor superstring in AdS5 x S5

    CERN Document Server

    Mikhailov, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    We show that the Lax pair of the pure spinor superstring in AdS5xS5 admits a generalization where the generators of the superconformal algebra are replaced by the generators of some infinite-dimensional Lie superalgebra.

  3. Capacitance of the double electrical layer on the copper-group metals in molten alkali metal halides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirillova, E. V.; Stepanov, V. P.

    2016-08-01

    The electrochemical impedance is measured to study the capacitance of the double electrical layer of metallic Au, Ag, and Cu as a function of potential and temperature in nine molten salts, namely, the chlorides, bromides, and iodides of sodium, potassium, and cesium. The C- E curve of a gold electrode has an additional minimum in the anodic branch. This minimum for silver is less pronounced and is only observed at low ac signal frequencies in cesium halides. The additional minimum is not detected for copper in any salt under study. This phenomenon is explained on the assumption that the adsorption of halide anions on a positively charged electrode surface has a predominantly chemical rather than an electrostatic character. The specific adsorption in this case is accompanied by charge transfer through the interface and the formation of an adsorbent-adsorbate covalent bond.

  4. Extension of the osp(m|n)~ so(m-n) Correspondence to the Infinite-Dimensional Chiral Spinors and Self Dual Tensors

    CERN Document Server

    Stoilova, N I; Van der Jeugt, J

    2016-01-01

    The spinor representations of the orthosymplectic Lie superalgebras osp(m|n) are considered and constructed. These are infinite-dimensional irreducible representations, of which the superdimension coincides with the dimension of the spinor representation of so(m-n). Next, we consider the self dual tensor representations of osp(m|n) and their generalizations: these are also infinite-dimensional and correspond to the highest irreducible component of the $p^{th}$ power of the spinor representation. We determine the character of these representations, and deduce a superdimension formula. From this, it follows that also for these representations the osp(m|n)~ so(m-n) correspondence holds.

  5. Ab Initio Research on a New Type of Half-Metallic Double Perovskites, A2CrMO6 (A = IVA Group Elements; M = Mo, Re and W

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-Ping Liu

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The research based on density functional theory was carried out using generalized gradient approximation (GGA for full-structural optimization and the addition of the correlation effect (GGA + U (Coulomb parameter in a double perovskite structure, A2BB’O6. According to the similar valance electrons between IIA(s2 and IVA(p2, IVA group elements instead of alkaline-earth elements settled on the A-site ion position with fixed BB' combinations as CrM (M = Mo, Re and W. The ferrimagnetic half-metallic (HM-FiM properties can be attributed to the p-d hybridization between the Crd-Mp and the double exchange. All the compounds can be half-metallic (HM materials, except Si2CrMoO6, Ge2CrMo and Ge2CrReO6, because the strong-correlation correction should be considered. For M = W, only A = Sn and Pb are possible candidates as HM materials. Nevertheless, an examination of the structural stability is needed, because Si, Ge, Sn and Pb are quite different from Sr. All compounds are stable, except for the Si-based double perovskite structure.

  6. A 24-week multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, dose-ranging study of rufinamide in adults and adolescents with inadequately controlled partial seizures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elger, Christian E; Stefan, Hermann; Mann, Allison; Narurkar, Milind; Sun, Yijun; Perdomo, Carlos

    2010-02-01

    To assess the efficacy, safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of adjunctive rufinamide in adults and adolescents with inadequately controlled partial seizures receiving treatment with one to three concomitant antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). A 24-week multicenter Phase II clinical study was conducted (n=647), comprising a 12-week prospective baseline phase and a 12-week randomized double-blind, parallel-group, five-arm (placebo and rufinamide 200, 400, 800, and 1600mg/day) treatment phase. The linear trend of dose response for seizure frequency per 28 days in the double-blind treatment phase - the primary efficacy outcome measure - was statistically significant in favor of rufinamide (estimated slope=-0.049, P=0.003; minimally efficacious dose, 400mg/day). Response rates, defined as a >or=50% reduction in seizure frequency per 28 days, also revealed a significant linear trend of dose response (P=0.0019, logistic regression analysis). Adverse events were comparable between placebo and all rufinamide groups except the 1600mg/day group; no safety signals were observed. These results suggest that in the dose range of 400-1600mg/day, add-on rufinamide therapy may benefit patients with inadequately controlled partial seizures and is generally well tolerated. These data also suggest that higher doses may confer additional efficacy without adversely affecting safety and tolerability.

  7. Efficacy and safety of tonabersat, a gap-junction modulator, in the acute treatment of migraine: a double-blind, parallel-group, randomized study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauge, A W; Olesen, J; Dahlöf, C G H

    2009-01-01

    The ability of tonabersat to relieve the symptoms of migraine attacks with or without aura was evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre, parallel-group study. Patients received 20 or 40 mg of tonabersat, or 50 mg of sumatriptan (positive control), or placebo...... tolerated and had no effect on vital signs, electrocardiogram recordings or laboratory values. The lack of efficacy may be a function of the slow absorption of tonabersat. As a consequence of slow absorption, daily administration of tonabersat as prophylaxis for migraine attacks is under investigation...

  8. Single-dose extended-release oral azithromycin vs. 3-day azithromycin for the treatment of group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis in adults and adolescents: a double-blind, double-dummy study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, D M

    2009-12-01

    The azithromycin immediate-release formulation (AZ-IR) provides effective treatment for group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis in adults. Single-dose therapy with a novel azithromycin extended-release (AZ-ER) formulation could reduce treatment failure and eliminate non-compliance contributing to antimicrobial resistance. A randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, multicentre trial was conducted comparing AZ-ER (single oral 2-g dose) with AZ-IR (3 days, 500 mg once daily) for the treatment of group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis in adults and adolescents (n = 598). The primary endpoint was bacteriological eradication at test -of-cure (TOC; day 24-28) in the bacteriological per-protocol population (n = 420). Bacteriological eradication was achieved in 85.4% (175/205) and 81.4% (175/215) of subjects in the AZ-ER and AZ-IR groups, respectively (95% CI -3.1-11.1). Clinical cure at TOC occurred in 99.0% of subjects in the AZ-ER group and in 96.7% in the AZ-IR group. At long-term follow-up, bacteriological recurrence was observed in 5.5% (9/163) and 7.7% (12/156), respectively. Both treatments were well tolerated; and most adverse events (AEs) were mild to moderate in intensity. The most frequent treatment-related AE was diarrhoea, or loose stools, in 11% of both treatment groups. AZ-ER-treated and AZ-IR-treated subjects had AE burdens (AE days/patient-year) of 7.6 days and 9.2 days, respectively. A similar trend in favour of AZ-ER was noted for treatment-related diarrhoea burden (1.9 days vs. 2.5 days). A single 2-g dose of AZ-ER is as effective and well tolerated as 3 days of AZ-IR (500 mg once daily) for treating group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis in adults and adolescents.

  9. Existence of solution of sub-elliptic equations on the Heisenberg group with critical growth and double singularities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianqing Chen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available For a class of sub-elliptic equations on Heisenberg group \\(\\mathbb{H}^N\\ with Hardy type singularity and critical nonlinear growth, we prove the existence of least energy solutions by developing new techniques based on the Nehari constraint. This result extends previous works, e.g., by Han et al. [Hardy-Sobolev type inequalities on the H-type group, Manuscripta Math. 118 (2005, 235–252].

  10. Comparison of efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of rupatadine and olopatadine in patients of chronic spontaneous urticaria: A randomized, double-blind, comparative, parallel group trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganesh N Dakhale

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To compare efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of rupatadine and olopatadine in patients of chronic spontaneous urticaria. Materials and Methods: A 6-week, single-centered, randomized, double blind, parallel group comparative clinical study was conducted on patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria. Following inclusion and exclusion criteria, 60 patients were recruited and were randomized to two treatment groups and received the respective drugs for 6 weeks. At follow-up, parameters assessed were mean total symptom score (MTSS calculated by adding the mean number of wheals (MNW and the mean pruritus score (MPS, number of wheals, size of wheal, scale for interference of wheals with sleep (SIWS. Results: Both the drugs significantly reduced the MTSS, number of wheals, size of wheal, scale for interference of wheals with sleep, but olopatadine was found to be superior. In olopatadine group, there was significantly higher reduction in MTSS (p = 0.01, Number of wheals (P < 0.05, Size of wheals (p < 0.05, Scale for intensity of erythema (p < 0.05 and change in eosinopils count (p = 0.015 than that of rupatadine. Incidence of adverse effects was found to be less in olopatadine group when compared with rupatadine group. Cost effectiveness ratio was less in olopatadine group as compared to rupatadine group throughout the treatment. Conclusions: Olopatadine is a better choice in chronic spontaneous urticaria in comparison to rupatadine due to its better efficacy, safety and cost effectiveness profile.

  11. [Sucrose gel for treatment of bacterial vaginosis: a randomized, double-blind, multi-center, parallel-group, phase III clinical trial].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Bing-bing; Zhang, Dai; Chen, Rui; Shi, Hui-rong; Xin, Xiao-ran; Wang, Hui-lan; Pang, Yi-cun; Zhu, Sai-nan; Yao, Chen; Liao, Qin-ping

    2015-12-18

    To evaluate the cure effectiveness and safety of sucrose gel in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis through a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, parallel controlled clinical study. A clinical research method of multi-center, randomly double-blind, and dose group parallel comparison was adopted. In the study, 533 patients with bacterial vaginosis were randomly divided into two groups, which included 214 cases in the control group (5.0 g metronidazole gel) and 319 cases in the trial group (5.0 g sucrose gel ). The patients were treated with different medication according to the group where they were. All the cases in these two groups were treated with drugs vaginally twice in a day, morning and evening separately, for 5 days. The curative effect and safety evaluation were assessed from 7 to 10 days and 21 to 30 days after treatment respectively. The efficacy of the comprehensive clinical treatment showed that the cure rate of metronidazole gel group and sucrose gel group were 70.53% and 80.83% respectively 7 to 10 days after treatment. The recovery rate of Nugent score for vaginal smear were 71.50% and 81.15% respectively. The differences in the efficacy between these two groups were significant statistically (P0.05) could be found in the cure rates of the two groups. The clinical comprehensive efficacy and recovery of vaginal bacteria of sucrose gel group in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis were obviously superior to those of metronidazole gel 7 to 10 days after treatment. The susucrose gel could improve the clinical efficacy index and laboratory index of bacterial vaginosis. Other effects included the release of clinical symptoms, and the recovery of the normal micro-environment in the vagina according to the Nugent score. The curative efficacy of sucrose gel was equal to that of metronidazole gel 21 to 30 days after treatment. In the future, sucrose gel treatment can be a new strategy for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. Various advantages can be

  12. The Casimir effect with quantized charged spinor matter in background magnetic field

    CERN Document Server

    Sitenko, Yu A

    2014-01-01

    We study the influence of a background uniform magnetic field and boundary conditions on the vacuum of a quantized charged spinor matter field confined between two parallel neutral plates; the magnetic field is directed orthogonally to the plates. The admissible set of boundary conditions at the plates is determined by the requirement that the Dirac hamiltonian operator be self-adjoint. It is shown that, in the case of a sufficiently strong magnetic field and a sufficiently large separation of the plates, the Casimir force is repulsive, being independent of the choice of a boundary condition, as well as of the distance between the plates. The detection of this effect seems to be feasible in a foreseen future.

  13. Inconsistency of the interactions between pseudoscalar, spinor and Rarita-Schwinger fields

    CERN Document Server

    Badagnani, D; Barbero, C

    2016-01-01

    We perform the Dirac quantization of RS fields interacting with a spinor and the first derivative of a pseudoscalar field. We achieve the calculations for two forms of this interaction: first we review the conventional coupling of lowest derivative order, reproducing the well known inconsistencies in its anticommutator algebra. Then, we perform the analysis on the next order term popularly known as spin 3/2 gauge invariant interaction, which is claimed to be free of these inconsistencies. Nevertheless we find that the direct application of the Dirac formalism leads to inconsistencies in complete analogy to the previous case. This is of high relevance in the particle phenomenology field, where these interactions are used to interpret experimental data involving Delta(1232) resonances.

  14. Interaction of F =2 Spinor Bose Condensate with Driven External Magnetic Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIAO Zhi-Yong; TANG Lian; YU Zhao-Xian

    2004-01-01

    In this letter, we have studied the interaction of F=2 spinor Bose condensate with a combination of staticand sinusoidal magnetic field bl(t) = b0 + bcos(ωt). We find that the tunneling current among spin 0 and spin ±l,spin 0 and spin ±2, spin ±1 and spin ±2 may exhibit the incremental oscillation behavior, which depends on the fieldparameters of the reduced amplitudes of the transverse and the longitudinal magnetic fields respectively. This meansthat the dynamics spin localization can be adjusted experimentally by selecting the less values of the reduced amplitudesof the transverse magnetic field bx/ω and those of the longitudinal magnetic field b/ω.

  15. Interaction of F = 2 Spinor Bose Condensate with Driven External Magnetic Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIAOZhi-Yong; TANGLian; YUZhao-Xian

    2004-01-01

    In this letter, we have studied the interaction of F=2 spinor Bose condensate with a combination of static and sinusoidal magnetic field bt(t) = b0 + bcos(ωt). We find that the tunneling current among spin 0 and spin ±1, spin 0 and spin ±2, spin ±1 and spin ±2 may exhibit the incremental oscillation behavior, which depends on the field parameters of the reduced amplitudes of the transverse and the longitudinal magnetic fields respectively. This means that the dynamics spin localization can be adjusted experimentally by selecting the less values of the reduced amplitudes of the transverse magnetic field bx/ω and those of the longitudinal magnetic field b/ω.

  16. Theory of single-shot phase contrast imaging in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilo-Okeke, Ebubechukwu O; Byrnes, Tim

    2014-06-13

    We introduce a theoretical framework for single-shot phase contrast imaging (PCI) measurements of spinor Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs). Our model allows for the simple calculation of the quantum backaction resulting from the measurement, and the amount of information that is read out. We find that there is an optimum time Gτ ∼ 1/N for the light-matter interaction (G is the ac Stark shift frequency, N is the number of particles in the BEC), where the maximum amount of information can be read out from the BEC. A universal information-disturbance tradeoff law ε(F)ε(G) ∝ 1/N(2) is found where ε(F) is the amount of backaction and ε(G) is the estimation error. The PCI measurement can also be found to be a direct probe of the quantum fluctuations of the BEC, via the noise of the PCI signal.

  17. Theory of single-shot phase contrast imaging in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates

    CERN Document Server

    Ilo-Okeke, Ebubechukwu O

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a theoretical framework for single-shot phase contrast imaging (PCI) measurements of spinor Bose-Einstein condensates. Our model allows for the simple calculation of the quantum backaction resulting from the measurement, and the amount of information that is read out. We find that there is an optimum time $ G\\tau \\sim 1/N $ for the light-matter interaction ($G $ is the ac Stark shift frequency, $ N $ is the number of particles in the BEC), where the maximum amount of information can be read out from the BEC. A universal information-disturbance tradeoff law $ \\epsilon_F \\epsilon_G \\propto 1/N^2 $ is found where $ \\epsilon_F $ is the amount of backaction and $ \\epsilon_G $ is the estimation error. The PCI measurement can also be found to be a direct probe of the quantum fluctuations of the BEC, via the noise of the PCI signal.

  18. Spinor calculus and its applications%旋量算法及其应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐湛; 张礼

    2011-01-01

    In this review we outline the spinor calculus technique and its applications. Together with the techniques of helicity amplitude, color-decomposition, duality, KLT relation and others, this technique is quite powerful in the study of non-Abelian gauge theory, supersymmetry, string theory and gravity/gauge theory relationship in the perturbative approach at tree-amplitude and loop-amplitude levels.%介绍了旋量算法技术及其应用.这个技术与螺旋度振幅、色分解、对偶性、KLT关系等技术相结合,可以在微扰论的树图和圈图水平上,对非阿贝尔规范理论、超对称、弦理论及引力-规范理论对偶等方面的研究发挥重要作用.

  19. 3+1D Massless Weyl Spinors from Bosonic Scalar-Tensor Duality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Amoretti

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider the fermionization of a bosonic-free theory characterized by the 3+1D scalar-tensor duality. This duality can be interpreted as the dimensional reduction, via a planar boundary, of the 4+1D topological BF theory. In this model, adopting the Sommerfield tomographic representation of quantized bosonic fields, we explicitly build a fermionic operator and its associated Klein factor such that it satisfies the correct anticommutation relations. Interestingly, we demonstrate that this operator satisfies the massless Dirac equation and that it can be identified with a 3+1D Weyl spinor. Finally, as an explicit example, we write the integrated charge density in terms of the tomographic transformed bosonic degrees of freedom.

  20. 3+1D Massless Weyl spinors from bosonic scalar-tensor duality

    CERN Document Server

    Amoretti, Andrea; Caruso, Giacomo; Maggiore, Nicola; Magnoli, Nicodemo

    2013-01-01

    We consider the fermionization of a bosonic free theory characterized by the 3+1D scalar - tensor duality. This duality can be interpreted as the dimensional reduction, via a planar boundary, of the 4+1D topological BF theory. In this model, adopting the Sommerfield tomographic representation of quantized bosonic fields, we explicitly build a fermionic operator and its associated Klein factor such that it satisfies the correct anticommutation relations. Interestingly, we demonstrate that this operator satisfies the massless Dirac equation and that it can be identified with a 3+1D Weyl spinor. Finally, as an explicit example, we write the integrated charge density in terms of the tomographic transformed bosonic degrees of freedom.

  1. Modeling a nonperturbative spinor vacuum interacting with a strong gravitational wave

    CERN Document Server

    Dzhunushaliev, Vladimir

    2015-01-01

    We consider the propagation of strong gravitational waves interacting with a nonperturbative vacuum of spinor fields. To described the latter, we suggest an approximate model. The corresponding Einstein equation has the form of the Schr\\"odinger equation. Its gravitational-wave solution is analogous to the solution of the Schr\\"odinger equation for an electron moving in a periodic potential. The general solution for the periodic gravitational waves is found. The analog of the Kronig-Penney model for gravitational waves is considered. It is shown that the suggested gravitational-wave model permits the existence of weak electric charge and current densities concomitant with the gravitational wave. Based on this observation, a possible experimental verification of the model is suggested.

  2. Modeling a nonperturbative spinor vacuum interacting with a strong gravitational wave

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dzhunushaliev, Vladimir; Folomeev, Vladimir

    2015-07-01

    We consider the propagation of strong gravitational waves interacting with a nonperturbative vacuum of spinor fields. To described the latter, we suggest an approximate model. The corresponding Einstein equation has the form of the Schrödinger equation. Its gravitational-wave solution is analogous to the solution of the Schrödinger equation for an electron moving in a periodic potential. The general solution for the periodic gravitational waves is found. The analog of the Kronig-Penney model for gravitational waves is considered. It is shown that the suggested gravitational-wave model permits the existence of weak electric charge and current densities concomitant with the gravitational wave. Based on this observation, a possible experimental verification of the model is suggested.

  3. Modeling a nonperturbative spinor vacuum interacting with a strong gravitational wave

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dzhunushaliev, Vladimir [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department of Theoretical and Nuclear Physics, Almaty (Kazakhstan); Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Almaty (Kazakhstan); Folomeev, Vladimir [Institute of Physicotechnical Problems and Material Science, NAS of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan)

    2015-07-15

    We consider the propagation of strong gravitational waves interacting with a nonperturbative vacuum of spinor fields. To described the latter, we suggest an approximate model. The corresponding Einstein equation has the form of the Schroedinger equation. Its gravitational-wave solution is analogous to the solution of the Schroedinger equation for an electron moving in a periodic potential. The general solution for the periodic gravitational waves is found. The analog of the Kronig-Penney model for gravitational waves is considered. It is shown that the suggested gravitational-wave model permits the existence of weak electric charge and current densities concomitant with the gravitational wave. Based on this observation, a possible experimental verification of the model is suggested. (orig.)

  4. Probing the spinor nature of electronic states in nanosize non-collinear magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Jeison A.; Sandratskii, Leonid M.; Phark, Soo-Hyon; Ouazi, Safia; Pasa, André A.; Sander, Dirk; Parkin, Stuart S. P.

    2016-01-01

    Non-collinear magnetization textures provide a route to novel device concepts in spintronics. These applications require laterally confined non-collinear magnets (NCM). A crucial aspect for potential applications is how the spatial proximity between the NCM and vacuum or another material impacts the magnetization texture on the nanoscale. We focus on a prototypical exchange-driven NCM given by the helical spin order of bilayer Fe on Cu(111). Spin-polarized scanning tunnelling spectroscopy and density functional theory reveal a nanosize- and proximity-driven modification of the electronic and magnetic structure of the NCM in interfacial contact with a ferromagnet or with vacuum. An intriguing non-collinearity between the local magnetization in the sample and the electronic magnetization probed above its surface results. It is a direct consequence of the spinor nature of electronic states in NCM. Our findings provide a possible route for advanced control of nanoscale spin textures by confinement. PMID:27721384

  5. Measurement and extinction of vector light shifts using interferometry of spinor condensates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, A. Â. A.; Turner, L. Â. D.; Anderson, R. Â. P.

    2016-11-01

    We use differential Ramsey interferometry of ultracold atoms to characterize the vector light shift (VLS) from a far-off-resonance optical dipole trap at λ =1064 nm. The VLS manifests as a "fictitious" magnetic field, which we perceive as a change in the Larmor frequency of two spinor condensates exposed to different intensities of elliptically polarized light. We use our measurement scheme to diagnose the light-induced magnetic field and suppress it to 2.1 (8 ) ×10-4 of its maximum value by making the trapping light linearly polarized with a quarter-wave plate in each beam. Our sensitive measurement of the VLS-induced field demonstrates high-precision, in vacuo interferometric polarimetry of dipole-trapping light and can be adapted to measure vector shifts from other lasers, advancing the application of optically trapped atoms to precision metrology.

  6. Measurement and extinction of vector light shifts using interferometry of spinor condensates

    CERN Document Server

    Wood, A A; Anderson, R P

    2016-01-01

    We use differential Ramsey interferometry of ultracold atoms to characterize the vector light shift (VLS) from a far-off resonance optical dipole trap at $\\lambda = 1064\\,\\mathrm{nm}$. The VLS manifests as a `fictitious' magnetic field, which we perceive as a change in the Larmor frequency of two spinor condensates exposed to different intensities of elliptically polarized light. We use our measurement scheme to diagnose the light-induced magnetic field and suppress it to $2.1(8)\\times10^{-4}$ of its maximum value, by making the trapping light linearly polarized with a quarter-wave plate in each beam. Our sensitive measurement of the VLS-induced field demonstrates high-precision, in-vacuo interferometric polarimetry of dipole trapping light and can be adapted to measure vector shifts from other lasers, advancing the application of optically trapped atoms to precision metrology.

  7. Evaluation of mitigation strategies in Facility Group 1 double-shell flammable-gas tanks at the Hanford Site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Unal, C.; Sadasivan, P.; Kubic, W.L.; White, J.R.

    1997-11-01

    Radioactive nuclear waste at the Hanford Site is stored in underground waste storage tanks at the site. The tanks fall into two main categories: single-shell tanks (SSTs) and double-shell tanks (DSTs). There are a total of 149 SSTs and 28 DSTs. The wastes stored in the tanks are chemically complex. They basically involve various sodium salts (mainly nitrite, nitrate, carbonates, aluminates, and hydroxides), organic compounds, heavy metals, and various radionuclides, including cesium, strontium, plutonium, and uranium. The waste is known to generate flammable gas (FG) [hydrogen, ammonia, nitrous oxide, hydrocarbons] by complex chemical reactions. The process of gas generation, retention, and release is transient. Some tanks reach a quasi-steady stage where gas generation is balanced by the release rate. Other tanks show continuous cycles of retention followed by episodic release. There currently are 25 tanks on the Flammable Gas Watch List (FGWL). The objective of this report is to evaluate possible mitigation strategies to eliminate the FG hazard. The evaluation is an engineering study of mitigation concepts for FG generation, retention, and release behavior in Tanks SY-101, AN-103, AN 104, An-105, and Aw-101. Where possible, limited quantification of the effects of mitigation strategies on the FG hazard also is considered. The results obtained from quantification efforts discussed in this report should be considered as best-estimate values. Results and conclusions of this work are intended to help in establishing methodologies in the contractor`s controls selection analysis to develop necessary safety controls for closing the FG unreviewed safety question. The general performance requirements of any mitigation scheme are discussed first.

  8. A double-blind group comparative study of ophthalmic sodium cromoglycate, 2% four times daily and 4% twice daily, in the treatment of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leino, M; Montan, P; Njå, F

    1994-03-01

    In a multicenter, double-blind, single-dummy, group-comparative study, 169 patients received ophthalmic sodium cromoglycate 2% four times daily, and 170 patients received 4% ophthalmic sodium cromoglycate twice daily, together with placebo eye-drops twice daily, for the treatment of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) to birch pollen. The treatment period was 4 weeks during the birch pollen season. Daily pollen counts were used to identify the peak 14-d period. Clinical examinations were made before the start of treatment, after 1 week of treatment, and at the end of the treatment period. Patients kept daily diary record cards of eye symptom severity and concomitant therapy. Symptoms were generally mild and, except for chemosis (week 4) and soreness (weeks 2 and 3), which were less in the 4% group (P sodium cromoglycate eye-drops twice daily is as effective and well tolerated as 2% sodium cromoglycate four times daily in the treatment of birch-pollen conjunctivitis.

  9. Efficacy of interferon alpha- 2b with or without ribavirin in thalassemia major patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection: A randomized, double blind, controlled, parallel group trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Kalantari

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of monotherapy with interferon alpha- 2b and combination therapy with interferon alpha- 2b plus ribavirin on chronic hepatitis C infection in thalassaemic patients. Methods: In parallel group randomized, double blind, controlled trial, 32 thalassaemic patients with chronic hepatitis C infection completed the study. In a random fashion, one group was treated with three million units of interferon alpha- 2b three times a week plus ribavirin (800- 1200 mg daily. The second group received interferon alpha- 2b alone. Treatment duration was 24- 48 weeks. Primary efficacy variables were HCV RNA after treatment and sustained viral response (SVR six months after treatment. Results: The mean age of patients was 22 ± 7.4 years; 19 (59.4% were male and 13 (40.6 were female. At the end of treatment, no statistically significant differences were found between the groups in HCV RNA and AST. The proportion of patients with SVR six months after treatment was significantly greater in the monotherapy group (90.9% than in the combination therapy group (44.4%; p = 0.049. A significant difference in mean of ALT was also obtained at the end of treatment between monotherapy and combination therapy groups (30.4 ± 19.2 and 60.1 ± 48.9, respectively; p = 0.02. Response rates were not associated with genotype and severity of hepatitis C infection in both groups. Conclusions: These results suggest that monotherapy may be considered as the first- line therapy in patients with thalassemia.

  10. Zero, Normal and Super-radiant Modes for Scalar and Spinor Fields in Kerr-anti de Sitter Spacetime

    CERN Document Server

    Kenmoku, Masakatsu; Shigemoto, Kazuyasu; Yoon, Jong Hyuk

    2016-01-01

    Zero and normal modes for scalar and spinor fields in Kerr-anti de Sitter spacetime are studied as bound state problem with Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. Zero mode is defined as the momentum near the horizon to be zero: $p_{\\rm H}=\\omega-\\Omega_{\\rm H}m=0$, and is shown not to exist as physical state for both scalar and spinor fields. Physical normal modes satisfy the spectrum condition $p_{\\rm H}>0$ as a result of non-existence of zero mode and the analyticity with respect to rotation parameter $a$ of Kerr-anti de Sitter black hole. Comments on the super-radiant modes and the thermodynamics of black hole are given in relation to the spectrum condition for normal modes. Preliminary numerical analysis on normal modes is presented.

  11. The efficacy and safety of fixed-dose combination of amlodipine/benazepril in Chinese essential hypertensive patients not adequately controlled with benazepril monotherapy: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Pingping; Fan, Weihu

    2014-01-01

    This double-blind, double-dummy clinical trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of two strengths of fixed-dose combination of amlodipine/benazepril in Chinese hypertensive patients not adequately controlled with benazepril. Of 442 patients who received treatment with benazepril 10 mg for 4 weeks, 341 patients failed to achieve to diastolic blood pressure (DBP) amlodipine/benazepril 2.5/10 mg, or amlodipine/benazepril 5/10 mg, or benazepril 10 mg for 8 weeks. BP reductions with amodipinel/benazepril 2.5/10 mg (15.2/11.8 mmHg) or amlodipine/benazepril 5/10 mg (15.4/12.4 mmHg) were significantly greater than that with benazepril 10 mg (9.88/9.46 mmHg) at study end (p benazepril). BP control rate was 83.8% with amlodipine/benazepril 2.5/10 mg, 80.2% with amlodipine/benazepril 5/10 mg, 64.9% with benazepril 10 mg at study end (p benazepril). Three groups were generally well tolerated. Our study indicated that amlodipine/benazepril fixed-dose combination offered significant additional BP reductions and BP control rate compared with the continuation of benazepril monotherapy. No significant differences were observed in both BP reductions and BP control rate between amlodipine/benazepril 2.5/10 mg and amlodipine/benazepril 5/10 mg.

  12. Efficacy and safety of pioglitazone added to alogliptin in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaku, K; Katou, M; Igeta, M; Ohira, T; Sano, H

    2015-12-01

    A phase IV, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, comparative study was conducted in Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who had inadequate glycaemic control, despite treatment with alogliptin in addition to diet and/or exercise therapy. Subjects with glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) concentrations of 6.9-10.5% were randomized to receive 16 weeks' double-blind treatment with pioglitazone 15 mg, 30 mg once daily or placebo added to alogliptin 25 mg once daily. The primary endpoint was the change in HbA1c from baseline at the end of treatment period (week 16). Both pioglitazone 15 and 30 mg combination therapy resulted in a significantly greater reduction in HbA1c than alogliptin monotherapy [-0.80 and -0.90% vs 0.00% (the least squares mean using analysis of covariance model); p Pioglitazone/alogliptin combination therapy was effective and generally well tolerated in Japanese subjects with T2DM and is considered to be useful in clinical settings.

  13. Randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of carbohydrate-derived fulvic acid in topical treatment of eczema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gandy JJ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Justin J Gandy, Jacques R Snyman, Constance EJ van RensburgDepartment of Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South AfricaBackground: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of carbohydrate-derived fulvic acid (CHD-FA in the treatment of eczema in patients two years and older.Methods: In this single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group comparative study, 36 volunteers with predetermined eczema were randomly assigned to receive either the study drug or placebo twice daily for four weeks.Results: All safety parameters remained within normal limits, with no significant differences in either group. Significant differences were observed for both severity and erythema in the placebo and CHD-FA treated groups, and a significant difference was observed for scaling in the placebo-treated group. With regard to the investigator assessment of global response to treatment, a significant improvement was observed in the CHD-FA group when compared with the placebo group. A statistically significant decrease in visual analog scale score was observed in both groups, when comparing the baseline with the final results.Conclusion: CHD-FA was well tolerated, with no difference in reported side effects other than a short-lived burning sensation on application. CHD-FA significantly improved some aspects of eczema. Investigator assessment of global response to treatment with CHD-FA was significantly better than that with emollient therapy alone. The results of this small exploratory study suggest that CHD-FA warrants further investigation in the treatment of eczema.Keywords: fulvic acid, eczema, anti-inflammatory, efficacy, safety

  14. Coupled Cluster Calculations of the Ground and Excited Electronic States Using Two- and Four-Component Relativistic Spinors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajat K. Chaudhuri

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The coupled cluster based linear response theory which is applicable to the direct calculation of atomic and molecular properties are presented and applied to compute the ionization potentials and excitation energies of light and moderately heavy atoms. The e®ect of electron correlation on the ground and excited states is studied using Hartree-Fock, Dirac-Fock and approximate two-component relativistic spinors.

  15. Construction of the fermionic vacuum and of fermionic operators of creation and annihilation in the theory of algebraic spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Monakhov, Vadim V

    2016-01-01

    We introduced fermionic variables in complex modules over real Clifford algebras of even dimension which are analog of the Witt basis. We built primitive idempotents which are a set of equivalent Clifford vacuums. It is shown that the modules are decomposed into direct sum of minimal left ideals generated by these idempotents and that the fermionic variables can be considered as more fundamental mathematical objects than spinors.

  16. On semiclassical analysis of pure spinor superstring in an AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} background

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aisaka, Yuri [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Sao Paulo State Univ. (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica Teorica; Ibiapina Bevilaqua, L. [Univ. Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal (Brazil). Esola de Ciencias e Tecnologia; Vallilo, Brenno C. [Santiago Univ. (Chile). Dept. de Ciencias Fisicas

    2012-06-15

    Relation between semiclassical analyses of Green-Schwarz and pure spinor formalisms in an AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} background is clarified. It is shown that the two formalisms have identical semiclassical partition functions for a simple family of classical solutions. It is also shown that, when the classical string is furthermore rigid, this in turn implies that the two formalisms predict the same one-loop corrections to spacetime energies.

  17. Construction of a fermionic vacuum and the fermionic operators of creation and annihilation in the theory of algebraic spinors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monakhov, V. V.

    2017-09-01

    In complex modules over real Clifford algebras of even dimension, fermionic variables, which are an analogue of the Witt basis, are introduced. Based on them, primitive idempotents are built which represent the equivalent Clifford vacua. It is shown that modules of algebras are decomposed into a direct sum of minimal left ideals, generated by these idempotents, and that fermionic variables can be considered as more fundamental mathematical objects than spinors.

  18. The efficacy of Femal in women with premenstrual syndrome: a randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, multicentre study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerhardsen, G.; Hansen, A.V.; Killi, M.

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised, parallel-group, multicentre study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a pollen-based herbal medicinal product, Femal (R) (Sea-Band Ltd, Leicestershire, UK), on premenstrual sleep disturbances (PSD) in women with premenstrual syndrome...... (PMS). Methods: Femal, 160 mg twice-daily, was given for four menstrual cycles to 50 women, and placebo to 51 women. PSD were evaluated on a visual analogue scale prior to and after the four cycles. The effect on overall PMS symptoms was assessed with the Steiner premenstrual tension syndrome (PMTS......) self-rating questionnaire. The results were analysed statistically based on intention to treat. Results: Femal treatment resulted in a significant reduction in PSD (P 0.05). In a subgroup analysis of women with irritability as their main PMS...

  19. A multicenter, randomized, double-blind comparison of roxatidine with ranitidine in the treatment of patients with uncomplicated benign gastric ulcer disease. The Multicenter Roxatidine Cooperative Study Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandstätter, G; Marks, I N; Lanza, F; Kogut, D; Cobert, B; Savitsky, J P; Bender, W; Labs, R; Wurzer, H

    1995-01-01

    Roxatidine (150 mg, 312 patients) was compared with ranitidine (300 mg, 308 patients) in a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, 6-week therapeutic study for the treatment of patients with uncomplicated, benign gastric ulcer disease. The study end points (verified by using endoscopy results) were fully healed ulcers at 4 or 6 weeks. The results of roxatidine therapy were comparable to those of ranitidine therapy: healing rates of 52% and 54% at week 4 and 77% and 76% at week 6 were recorded for roxatidine and ranitidine, respectively. The drugs produced comparable reductions in ulcer diameters and decreases in abdominal pain. Adverse events associated with both roxatidine (27%) and ranitidine (28%) were headache, diarrhea, and dizziness; rash was associated in 6 of 8 cases and in only 1 case with roxatidine. In this trial, roxatidine 150 mg once daily was as efficacious and safe as ranitidine 300 mg once daily for treatment of patients with uncomplicated, benign gastric ulcer disease.

  20. Iodixanol Has a Favourable Fibrinolytic Profile Compared to Iohexol in Cardiac Patients Undergoing Elective Angiography: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Parallel Group Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew T Treweeke

    Full Text Available There is no consensus and a limited evidence base for choice of contrast agents (CA in angiography. This study evaluated the impact of iohexol and iodixanol CA on fibrinolytic factors (tissue plasminogen activator [t-PA] and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 [PAI-1], as well as platelet-monocyte conjugates in cardiac patients undergoing elective angiography in a double-blind, randomised parallel group study.Patients (men, 50-70 years old; n = 12 were randomised to receive either iohexol (Omnipaque; n = 6 or iodixanol (Visipaque; n = 6 during elective angiography at Raigmore Hospital, Inverness, UK. Arterial and venous blood samples were drawn prior to CA delivery and following angiography. Assessment of platelet-monocyte conjugation, t-PA and PAI-1 antigen and activity was conducted in samples pre- and post-angiography.Plasma t-PA antigen was depressed equally in the study groups after angiography, but there was a greater reduction in PAI-1 antigen in the group receiving iodixanol. These findings corresponded to a substantial reduction in t-PA activity in patients receiving iohexol, with no change in those receiving iodixanol (P = 0.023 between the CA groups. Both CAs caused a reduction in platelet-monocyte conjugation, with no difference between the groups. No adverse events were reported during the trial.Avoiding reduced plasma t-PA activity might be an important consideration in choosing iodixanol over iohexol in patients at risk of thrombosis following angiography. The trial is registered on the ISRCTN register (ISRCTN51509735 and funded by the Coronary Thrombosis Trust and National Health Service (Highland R&D Endowments. The funders had no influence over study design or reporting.Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN51509735.

  1. The Efficacy and Safety of Wenxin Keli in Patients with Frequent Premature Ventricular Contractions: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group, Multicenter Trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Hua; Run-Lin Gao; Bu-Chang Zhao; Jing Wang; Xu-Hua Chen; Chi Cai; Shu Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Background:Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are common in the general population,and frequent PVCs may result in the poor quality of life or even the damage of cardiac function.We examined the efficacy and safety of a traditional Chinese medicine Wenxin Keli for the treatment of frequent PVCs among a relatively large Chinese cohort.Methods:We performed a randomized,double-blind,placebo-controlled,parallel-group,multicenter trial.A total of 1200 eligible participants were randomly assigned in a ratio of 1:1 to receive Wenxin Keli or the placebo for 4 weeks.The primary and secondary endpoint was the change of PVC numbers and PVC-related symptoms after a 4-week treatment compared with baseline,respectively.In addition,vital signs,laboratory values,and electrocardiographic parameters were assessed in a safety analysis.Results:At the initial evaluation,no significant differences in the baseline characteristics were observed between the Wenxin Keli group and the placebo group.A smaller number of PVCs was observed after the 4-week treatment than at baseline,in both the Wenxin Keli group (5686 ± 5940 vs.15,138 ± 7597 beats/d,P < 0.001) and the placebo group (10,592 ± 8009 vs.14,529 ± 5929 beats/d,P < 0.001);moreover,the Wenxin Keli group demonstrated a significantly greater reduction in the frequency of PVCs than the placebo group (P < 0.001).In a full analysis set,patients in the Wenxin Keli group exhibited significantly higher total effective responses in the reduction of PVCs compared to those in the placebo group (83.8% vs.43.5%,P < 0.001).The per-protocol analysis yielded similar results (83.0% vs.39.3%,P < 0.001).Treatment with Wenxin Keli also demonstrated superior performance compared to the placebo with respect to PVC-related symptoms.No severe adverse effects attributable to Wenxin Keli were reported.Conclusions:Wenxin Keli treatment effectively reduced the overall number of PVCs and alleviated PVC-related symptoms in patients

  2. Measuring the Gouy Phase of Matter Waves using Singular Atom Optics with Spinor BECs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Justin T.; Hansen, Azure; Murphree, Joseph D.; Jayaseelan, Maitreyi; Bigelow, Nicholas P.

    2016-05-01

    The Gouy phase is a propagation-dependent geometric phase found in confined waves as they propagate through a focus. Although it has been observed and studied extensively both in scalar and vector optical beams as well as in electron vortex beams, it has not yet been directly observed in ultracold matter waves. The Schrödinger equation has the same form as the paraxial wave equation from electromagnetism; expansion of a BEC upon release from a trap has the same mathematical form as a beam propagating away from a focus. We employ and extend this analogy between coherent optical beams and coherent matter waves to include spin angular momentum (polarization), which enables us measure the matter wave Gouy phase using coreless vortex spin textures in spinor BECs. Because the Gouy phase is dependent on the orbital angular momentum of the wave, the vortex and core states acquire different Gouy phase shifts. Parameters that are sensitive to the relative phase such as two-dimensional maps of the Stokes parameters rotate during evolution due to this phase difference. Using atom-optic polarimetry we can access the evolution of the atomic Stokes parameters and observe this rotation.

  3. A New First Class Algebra, Homological Perturbation and Extension of Pure Spinor Formalism for Superstring

    CERN Document Server

    Aisaka, Y; Aisaka, Yuri; Kazama, Yoichi

    2003-01-01

    Based on a novel first class algebra, we develop an extension of the pure spinor (PS) formalism of Berkovits, in which the PS constraints are removed. By using the homological perturbation theory in an essential way, the BRST-like charge $Q$ of the conventional PS formalism is promoted to a bona fide nilpotent charge $\\hat{Q}$, the cohomology of which is equivalent to the constrained cohomology of $Q$. This construction requires only a minimum number (five) of additional fermionic ghost-antighost pairs and the vertex operators for the massless modes of open string are obtained in a systematic way. Furthermore, we present a simple composite "$b$-ghost" field $B(z)$ which realizes the important relation $T(z) = \\{\\hat{Q}, B(z)\\} $, with $T(z)$ the Virasoro operator, and apply it to facilitate the construction of the integrated vertex. The present formalism utilizes U(5) parametrization and the manifest Lorentz covariance is yet to be achieved.

  4. Elko spinor localized on branes as a candidate for dark matter

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Yu-Xiao; Yang, Ke; Chen, Feng-Wei

    2011-01-01

    Recently, a new spin-1/2 fermionic quantum field with mass dimension one--Elko was introduced as a candidate of dark matter. In this paper, we investigate the lcalization and mass spectra of Elko field on Minkowski thick branes by presenting the potentials of the corresponding Sch\\"{o}dinger equations of the Elko Kaluza-Klein (KK) modes. We categorize these potentials into three cases and find that there do not exist bound Elko KK states with $m_n^2 \\ge 0$ ($m_n$ are the masses of KK modes) on the branes for volcano potentials. There will exist some massive bound modes and a set of continuous massive delocalized KK modes for P\\"{o}schl-Teller-like ones. For infinitely deep potentials, the spectra are discrete and all KK modes are massive. In all cases, there do not exist 4D massless Elko spinor (zero mode) on the branes and the Elko ground state (if it exists) on these branes is massive. The conclusion is a support for the conjecture that 4D Elko may be considered as a candidate for dark matter.

  5. Comparison of amlodipine and benazepril monotherapy to amlodipine plus benazepril in patients with systemic hypertension: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study. The Benazepril/Amlodipine Study Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frishman, W H; RAM, C V; McMahon, F G; Chrysant, S G; Graff, A; Kupiec, J W; Hsu, H

    1995-11-01

    A single-blind, run-in, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled comparison trial was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of low-dose amlodipine 2.5 mg daily, low-dose benazepril 10 mg daily, and the combination of the two drugs at the same doses used once daily in patients (n = 401) with mild to moderate (stages I and II) systemic hypertension. Both monotherapy regimens were shown to significantly reduce both systolic and diastolic blood pressure compared with baseline placebo values, and the combination regimen was shown to be superior in lowering systolic and diastolic blood pressure when compared with either of the monotherapy regimens. The combination therapy also resulted in a greater percentage of patients having successful clinical response in mean sitting diastolic blood pressure. The amlodipine and benazepril regimen was also shown to be associated with a similar incidence of adverse experiences as the active monotherapy or placebo regimens, although the group given combination therapy appeared to have a lower incidence of edema than the group given amlodipine alone. Low-dose amlodipine (2.5 mg) plus benazepril (10 mg) provides greater blood-pressure-lowering efficacy than either monotherapy, and has an excellent safety profile.

  6. Deconfinement on $\\mathbb R^2\\times S^1_L\\times S^1_{\\beta}$ for all gauge groups and duality to double Coulomb Gas

    CERN Document Server

    Teeple, Brett

    2015-01-01

    I study finite-temperature $\\mathcal N=1$ super Yang-Mills for any gauge group $G=A_N, B_N, C_N, D_N, E_{6,7,8},F_4,G_2$, compactified from four dimensions on a torus, $\\mathbb R^2\\times S^1_L\\times S^1_{\\beta}$. I examine in particular the low temperature regime $L\\ll\\beta=1/T$, where $L$ is the length of the spatial circle with periodic boundary conditions and with anti-periodic boundary conditions for the adjoint gauginos along the thermal cycle $S^1_{\\beta}$. For small such $L$ we are in a regime were semiclassical calculations can be performed and a transition occurs at $T_c$ much smaller than $1/NL$. The transition is mediated by the competition between non-perturbative objects including 'exotic' topological molecules: neutral and magnetic bions composed of BPS and KK monopole constituents, with $r=rank(G)$ different charges in the co-root lattice of the gauge group $G$, and the perturbative electrically charged W-bosons (along with their wino superpartners). I determine a duality to a double Coulomb ga...

  7. Fixed combination of cinnarizine and dimenhydrinate versus betahistine dimesylate in the treatment of Ménière's disease: a randomized, double-blind, parallel group clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novotný, Miroslav; Kostrica, Rom

    2002-01-01

    In a randomized, double-blind clinical study, we evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of the fixed combination of cinnarizine, 20 mg, and dimenhydrinate, 40 mg (Arlevert [ARL]) in comparison to betahistine dimesylate (12 mg) in 82 patients suffering from Ménière's disease for at least 3 months and showing the characteristic triad of symptoms (paroxysmal vertigo attacks, cochlear hearing loss, and tinnitus). The treatment (one tablet three times daily) extended to 12 weeks, with control visits at 1, 3, 6, and 12 weeks after drug intake. The study demonstrated for both the fixed-combination ARL and for betahistine a highly efficient reduction of vertigo symptoms in the course of the 12 weeks of treatment; however, no statistically significant difference between the two treatment groups could be established. Similar results were found for tinnitus (approximately 60% reduction) and for the associated vegetative symptoms (almost complete disappearance). Vestibulospinal reactions, recorded by means of craniocorpography, also improved distinctly, with a statistically significant superiority of ARL versus betahistine (p betahistine group) reported a nonserious adverse event, and two betahistine patients did not complete the study. In conclusion, the combination preparation proved to be a highly efficient and safe treatment option for Ménière's disease and may be used both in the management of acute episodes and in long-term treatment. Efficacy and safety were found to be similar to the widely used standard therapy with betahistine.

  8. Second-order differential equations for bosons with spin j ≥ 1 and in the bases of general tensor-spinors of rank 2j

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banda Guzmán, V. M.; Kirchbach, M.

    2016-09-01

    A boson of spin j≥ 1 can be described in one of the possibilities within the Bargmann-Wigner framework by means of one sole differential equation of order twice the spin, which however is known to be inconsistent as it allows for non-local, ghost and acausally propagating solutions, all problems which are difficult to tackle. The other possibility is provided by the Fierz-Pauli framework which is based on the more comfortable to deal with second-order Klein-Gordon equation, but it needs to be supplemented by an auxiliary condition. Although the latter formalism avoids some of the pathologies of the high-order equations, it still remains plagued by some inconsistencies such as the acausal propagation of the wave fronts of the (classical) solutions within an electromagnetic environment. We here suggest a method alternative to the above two that combines their advantages while avoiding the related difficulties. Namely, we suggest one sole strictly D^{(j,0)oplus (0,j)} representation specific second-order differential equation, which is derivable from a Lagrangian and whose solutions do not violate causality. The equation under discussion presents itself as the product of the Klein-Gordon operator with a momentum-independent projector on Lorentz irreducible representation spaces constructed from one of the Casimir invariants of the spin-Lorentz group. The basis used is that of general tensor-spinors of rank 2 j.

  9. P3MC: A double blind parallel group randomised placebo controlled trial of Propranolol and Pizotifen in preventing migraine in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whitham Diane

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A recent Cochrane Review demonstrated the remarkable lack of reliable clinical trials of migraine treatments for children, especially for the two most prescribed preventative treatments in the UK, Propranolol and Pizotifen. Migraine trials in both children and adults have high placebo responder rates, e.g. of 23%, but for a trial's results to be generalisable "placebo responders" should not be excluded and for a drug to be worthwhile it should be clearly superior, both clinically and statistically, to placebo. Methods/Design Two multicentre, two arm double blind parallel group randomised controlled trials, with allocation ratio of 2:1 for each comparison, Propranolol versus placebo and Pizotifen versus placebo. The trial is designed to test whether Propranolol is superior to placebo and whether Pizotifen is superior to placebo for the prevention of migraine attacks in children aged 5 - 16 years referred to secondary care out-patient settings with frequent migraine (2-6/4 weeks. The primary outcome measure is the number of migraine attacks during trial weeks 11 to 14. Discussion A strength of this trial is the participation of clinically well defined migraine patients who will also be approached to help with future longer-term follow-up studies. Trial Registration ISRCTN97360154

  10. Double-blind placebo-controlled trial of fluoxetine in smoking cessation treatment including nicotine patch and cognitive-behavioral group therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saules, Karen K; Schuh, Leslie M; Arfken, Cynthia L; Reed, Karen; Kilbey, M Marlyne; Schuster, Charles R

    2004-01-01

    Smoking cessation attempts are often complicated by dysphoria/depression, weight gain, craving, and other nicotine withdrawal symptoms. Fluoxetine's antidepressant and anorectant properties, along with its capacity to attenuate compulsive behavior, suggest that this medication might facilitate smoking cessation treatment. We examined the effect of fluoxetine on smoking cessation in the context of a program that included group cognitive-behavioral therapy (six weeks) and transdermal nicotine patch(ten weeks). In a double-blind randomized trial of fluoxetine for smoking cessation, 150 daily smokers were assigned to placebo (n=48), 20 mg (n=51), or 40 mg fluoxetine (n=51). Fluoxetine did not significantly improve smoking cessation rates, either for those with or without major depressive disorder(MDD)histories or elevated current depression. Our results suggest that fluoxetine may moderate withdrawal symptoms, even if that was not manifested in improved smoking cessation rates. Our results, however, clearly favor the use of fluoxetine if weight gain is a major clinical obstacle to smoking cessation.

  11. Orgaran (Org 10172) or heparin for preventing venous thrombosis after elective surgery for malignant disease? A double-blind, randomised, multicentre comparison. ANZ-Organon Investigators' Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallus, A; Cade, J; Ockelford, P; Hepburn, S; Maas, M; Magnani, H; Bucknall, T; Stevens, J; Porteous, F

    1993-10-18

    This double-blind, randomised, multicentre trial in 513 patients having elective surgery for intra-abdominal or intrathoracic malignancy compared the efficacy and safety of venous thrombosis (VT) prophylaxis using 750 anti-factor Xa units of Orgaran (a mixture of low molecular weight heparinoids) given subcutaneously (sc) twice-daily with that of twice-daily injections of 5,000 units standard heparin. The main study endpoints were the development of postoperative VT detected by 125I-fibrinogen leg scanning, and the onset of clinically significant venous thromboembolism or bleeding. "Intent to treat" analysis showed a statistically non-significant trend towards less VT during Orgaran prophylaxis (10.4%) than after heparin (14.9%) and there was no difference in bleeding complications between the two study groups. Results remained similar if only patients who completed the intended course of therapy ("compliant patients") were analysed. Other trials have shown that Orgaran prevents VT after hip surgery and stroke. We now show it is also safe and effective in patients having major surgery for cancer.

  12. Burnei's "double X" internal fixation technique for supracondylar humerus fractures in children: indications, technique, advantages and alternative interventions : Study and Research Group in Pediatric Orthopaedics-2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgescu, I; Gavriliu, S; Pârvan, A; Martiniuc, A; Japie, E; Ghiță, R; Drăghici, I; Hamei, Ş; Ţiripa, I; El Nayef, T; Dan, D

    2013-06-15

    The Study and Research Group in Pediatric Orthopedics-2012 initated this retrospective study due to the fact that in Romania and in other countries, the numerous procedures do not ensure the physicians a definite point of view related to the therapeutic criteria in the treatment of supracondylar fractures. That is why the number of complications and their severity brought into notice these existent deficiencies. In order to correct some of these complications, cubitus varus or valgus, Prof. Al. Pesamosca communicated a paper called "Personal procedure in the treatment of posttraumatic cubitus varus" at the County Conference from Bacău, in June 24, 1978. This procedure has next been made popular by Prof. Gh. Burnei and his coworkers by operating patients with cubitus varus or valgus due to supracondylar humeral fractures and by presenting papers related to the subject at the national and international congresses. The latest paper regarding this problem has been presented at the 29th Annual Meeting of the European Pediatric Orthopedic Society in Zagreb, Croatia, April 7-10, 2010, being titled "Distal humeral Z-osteotomy for posttraumatic cubitus varus or valgus", having as authors Gh. Burnei, Ileana Georgescu, Ştefan Gavriliu, Costel Vlad and Daniela Dan. As members of this group, based on the performed studies, we wish to make popular this type of osteosynthesis, which ensures a tight fixation, avoids complications and allows a rapid postoperative activity. The acknowledged treatment for these types of fractures is the orthopedic one and it must be accomplished as soon as possible, in the first 6 hours, by reduction and cast immobilization or by closed or open reduction and fixation, using one of the several methods (Judet, Boehler, Kapandji, San Antonio, San Diego, Burnei's double X technique). The exposed treatment is indicated in irreducible supracondylar humeral fractures, in reducible, but unstable type, in polytraumatized patients with supracondylar

  13. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of rufinamide as adjunctive therapy for refractory partial-onset seizures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biton, Victor; Krauss, Gregory; Vasquez-Santana, Blanca; Bibbiani, Francesco; Mann, Allison; Perdomo, Carlos; Narurkar, Milind

    2011-02-01

    Efficacy and safety of adjunctive rufinamide (3,200 mg/day) was assessed in adolescents and adults with inadequately controlled partial-onset seizures receiving maintenance therapy with up to three antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter study comprised a 56-day baseline phase (BP), 12-day titration phase, and 84-day maintenance phase (MP). The primary efficacy variable was percentage change in total partial seizure frequency per 28 days (MP vs. BP). Secondary efficacy outcome measures included ≥50% responder rate and reduction in mean total partial seizure frequency during the MP. Safety and tolerability evaluation included adverse events (AEs), physical and neurologic examinations, and laboratory values. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic assessments were conducted. Three hundred fifty-seven patients were randomized: 176 to rufinamide and 181 to placebo. Patients had a median of 13.3 seizures per 28 days during BP; 86% were receiving ≥2 AEDs. For the intent-to-treat population, the median percentage reduction in total partial seizure frequency per 28 days was 23.25 for rufinamide versus 9.80 for placebo (p = 0.007). Rufinamide-treated patients were more than twice as likely to have had a ≥50% reduction in partial seizure frequency (32.5% vs. 14.3%; p < 0.001) and had a greater reduction in median total partial seizure rate per 28 days during the MP (13.2 vs. 5.2; p < 0.001). Treatment-emergent AEs occurring at ≥5% higher incidence in the rufinamide group compared with placebo were dizziness, fatigue, nausea, somnolence, and diplopia. Adjunctive treatment with rufinamide reduced total partial seizures in refractory patients. AEs reported were consistent with the known tolerability profile of rufinamide. Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2010 International League Against Epilepsy.

  14. Efficacy and safety of oral rehydration solution with reduced osmolarity in adults with cholera: a randomised double-blind clinical trial. CHOICE study group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, N H; Majumder, R N; Fuchs, G J

    1999-07-24

    The effects of oral rehydration solution (ORS) with reduced osmolarity on children with acute watery diarrhoea are known, but little is known about the effects of such ORS on adults with cholera. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of an ORS with reduced osmolarity with that of standard WHO ORS in adults with cholera. We undertook a double-blind, controlled clinical trial in adults with severe cholera at the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh. Our primary outcomes were mean stool output in the 24 h after randomisation, proportion of patients who needed unscheduled intravenous therapy, and proportion of patients with biochemical hyponatraemia 24 h after randomisation. 147 patients received ORS with reduced osmolarity and 153 received standard WHO ORS. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of main outcome variables: mean initial 24 h and total stool output (reduced osmolarity vs standard WHO ORS 212 [SE 8] vs 207 [8] and 284 [13] vs 273 [13] g/kg respectively), duration of diarrhoea (46 [1.5] vs 43 [1.5]). The proportion of patients vomiting during the first 24 h and the proportion who received unscheduled intravenous infusion during the first 24 h was similar between groups. More patients on reduced osmolarity ORS than on standard WHO ORS developed hyponatraemia during the first 24 h, defined as serum sodium concentration below 130 mmol/L (29 of 142 vs 16 of 150; odds ratio 2.1 [95% CI 1.1-4.1]). However, all hyponatraemic patients in both groups were symptom-free and the proportion of patients with serum sodium concentration below 125 mmol/L was similar between groups. There was no difference in clinical outcome between cholera patients treated with reduced osmolarity ORS solution and those treated with standard WHO ORS. The risk of increased incidence of symptom-free hyponatraemia in patients with cholera treated with an ORS with reduced osmolarity should be further assessed by meta-analysis. The

  15. Little Groups of Preon Branes

    CERN Document Server

    Mkrtchyan, H G

    2003-01-01

    Little groups for preon branes (i.e. configurations of branes with maximal (n-1)/n fraction of survived supersymmetry) for dimensions d=2,3,...,11 are calculated for all massless, and partially for massive orbits. For massless orbits little groups are semidirect product of d-2 translational group $T_{d-2}$ on a subgroup of (SO(d-2) $\\times$ R-invariance) group. E.g. at d=9 the subgroup is exceptional $G_2$ group. It is also argued, that 11d Majorana spinor invariants, which distinguish orbits, are actually invariant under d=2+10 Lorentz group. Possible applications of these results include construction of field theories in generalized space-times with brane charges coordinates, different problems of group's representations decompositions, spin-statistics issues.

  16. Little Groups of Preon Branes

    Science.gov (United States)

    MKRTCHYAN, H.; MKRTCHYAN, R.

    Little groups for preon branes (i.e. configurations of branes with maximal (n-1)/n fraction of survived supersymmetry) for dimensions d=2,3,…,11 are calculated for all massless, and partially for massive orbits. For massless orbits little groups are semidirect product of d-2 translational group Td-2 on a subgroup of (SO(d-2) × R-invariance) group. E.g. at d=9 the subgroup is exceptional G2 group. It is also argued, that 11D Majorana spinor invariants, which distinguish orbits, are actually invariant under d=2+10 Lorentz group. Possible applications of these results include construction of field theories in generalized spacetimes with brane charges coordinates, different problems of group's representations decompositions, spin-statistics issues.

  17. New cationic vesicles prepared with double chain surfactants from arginine: Role of the hydrophobic group on the antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinazo, A; Petrizelli, V; Bustelo, M; Pons, R; Vinardell, M P; Mitjans, M; Manresa, A; Perez, L

    2016-05-01

    Cationic double chain surfactants have attracted much interest because they can give rise to cationic vesicles that can be used in biomedical applications. Using a simple and economical synthetic approach, we have synthesized four double-chain surfactants with different alkyl chain lengths (LANHCx). The critical aggregation concentration of the double chain surfactants is at least one order of magnitude lower than the CMC of their corresponding single-chain LAM and the solutions prepared with the LANHCx contain stable cationic vesicles. Encouragingly, these new arginine derivatives show very low haemolytic activity and weaker cytotoxic effects than conventional dialkyl dimethyl ammonium surfactants. In addition, the surfactant with the shortest alkyl chain exhibits good antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. The results show that a rational design applied to cationic double chain surfactants might serve as a promising strategy for the development of safe cationic vesicular systems.

  18. A phase III randomised, double-blind, parallel-group study comparing SB4 with etanercept reference product in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite methotrexate therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emery, Paul; Vencovský, Jiří; Sylwestrzak, Anna; Leszczyński, Piotr; Porawska, Wieslawa; Baranauskaite, Asta; Tseluyko, Vira; Zhdan, Vyacheslav M; Stasiuk, Barbara; Milasiene, Roma; Barrera Rodriguez, Aaron Alejandro; Cheong, Soo Yeon; Ghil, Jeehoon

    2017-01-01

    Objectives To compare the efficacy and safety of SB4 (an etanercept biosimilar) with reference product etanercept (ETN) in patients with moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite methotrexate (MTX) therapy. Methods This is a phase III, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, multicentre study with a 24-week primary endpoint. Patients with moderate to severe RA despite MTX treatment were randomised to receive weekly dose of 50 mg of subcutaneous SB4 or ETN. The primary endpoint was the American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) response at week 24. Other efficacy endpoints as well as safety, immunogenicity and pharmacokinetic parameters were also measured. Results 596 patients were randomised to either SB4 (N=299) or ETN (N=297). The ACR20 response rate at week 24 in the per-protocol set was 78.1% for SB4 and 80.3% for ETN. The 95% CI of the adjusted treatment difference was −9.41% to 4.98%, which is completely contained within the predefined equivalence margin of −15% to 15%, indicating therapeutic equivalence between SB4 and ETN. Other efficacy endpoints and pharmacokinetic endpoints were comparable. The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events was comparable (55.2% vs 58.2%), and the incidence of antidrug antibody development up to week 24 was lower in SB4 compared with ETN (0.7% vs 13.1%). Conclusions SB4 was shown to be equivalent with ETN in terms of efficacy at week 24. SB4 was well tolerated with a lower immunogenicity profile. The safety profile of SB4 was comparable with that of ETN. Trial registration numbers NCT01895309, EudraCT 2012-005026-30. PMID:26150601

  19. Desvenlafaxine compared with placebo for treatment of menopausal vasomotor symptoms: a 12-week, multicenter, parallel-group, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled efficacy trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinkerton, JoAnn V; Constantine, Ginger; Hwang, Eunhee; Cheng, Ru-Fong J

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the 12-week efficacy of desvenlafaxine in treating moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms and the clinical relevance of improvements in postmenopausal women experiencing 50 or more moderate to severe hot flashes per week. Participants were randomized to placebo or desvenlafaxine 100 mg/day in the 12-week efficacy substudy of a year-long, multicenter, parallel-group, double-blind study. Coprimary outcomes were changes from baseline in the daily number and severity of hot flashes on weeks 4 and 12. The percentage of women achieving the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in the number of hot flashes on week 12 was determined. The efficacy substudy modified intent-to-treat population included 365 women (desvenlafaxine, n = 184; placebo, n = 181). Desvenlafaxine 100 mg/day significantly reduced the number and severity of hot flashes versus placebo on week 4 (P desvenlafaxine reduced the number of moderate and severe hot flashes by 7.3 (62%) per day (placebo, -4.5 [38%] per day) and the severity score by 0.59 (25%) per day (placebo, -0.28 [12%] per day). MCID-a reduction of 5.35 moderate and severe hot flashes per day-was achieved by 64% of desvenlafaxine-treated women (placebo, 41%; P desvenlafaxine and 3.7% (7/190) of participants taking placebo discontinued because of adverse events (P = 0.016), and 2.5% (5/200) of participants taking desvenlafaxine and 8.4% (16/190) of participants taking placebo discontinued because of lack of efficacy (P = 0.012). Postmenopausal women with moderate to severe hot flashes who are treated with desvenlafaxine achieve rapid symptom reduction that is clinically relevant based on MCID.

  20. Randomised, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the analgesic efficacy and safety of VVZ-149 injections for postoperative pain following laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nedeljkovic, Srdjan S; Correll, Darin J; Bao, Xiaodong; Zamor, Natacha; Zeballos, Jose L; Zhang, Yi; Young, Mark J; Ledley, Johanna; Sorace, Jessica; Eng, Kristen; Hamsher, Carlyle P; Maniam, Rajivan; Chin, Jonathan W; Tsui, Becky; Cho, Sunyoung; Lee, Doo H

    2017-01-01

    Introduction In spite of advances in understanding and technology, postoperative pain remains poorly treated for a significant number of patients. In colorectal surgery, the need for developing novel analgesics is especially important. Patients after bowel surgery are assessed for rapid return of bowel function and opioids worsen ileus, nausea and constipation. We describe a prospective, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled randomised controlled trial testing the hypothesis that a novel analgesic drug, VVZ -149, is safe and effective in improving pain compared with providing opioid analgesia alone among adults undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Methods and analysis Based on sample size calculations for primary outcome, we plan to enrol 120 participants. Adult patients without significant medical comorbidities or ongoing opioid use and who are undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery will be enrolled. Participants are randomly assigned to receive either VVZ-149 with intravenous (IV) hydromorphone patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) or the control intervention (IV PCA alone) in the postoperative period. The primary outcome is the Sum of Pain Intensity Difference over 8 hours (SPID-8 postdose). Participants receive VVZ-149 for 8 hours postoperatively to the primary study end point, after which they continue to be assessed for up to 24 hours. We measure opioid consumption, record pain intensity and pain relief, and evaluate the number of rescue doses and requests for opioid. To assess safety, we record sedation, nausea and vomiting, respiratory depression, laboratory tests and ECG readings after study drug administration. We evaluate for possible confounders of analgesic response, such as anxiety, depression and catastrophising behaviours. The study will also collect blood sample data and evaluate for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic relationships. Ethics and dissemination Ethical approval of the study protocol has been obtained from

  1. Comments on the symmetry of AdS6 solutions in string/M-theory and Killing spinor equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyojoong Kim

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available It was recently pointed out in [1] that AdS6 solutions in IIB theory enjoy an extended symmetry structure and the consistent truncation to D=4 internal space leads to a nonlinear sigma model with target SL(3,R/SO(2,1. We continue to study the purely bosonic D=4 effective action, and elucidate how the addition of scalar potential term still allows Killing spinor equations in the absence of gauge fields. In particular, the potential turns out to be a single diagonal component of the coset representative. Furthermore, we perform a general analysis of the integrability conditions of Killing spinor equations and establish that the effective action can be in fact generalized to arbitrary sizes and signatures, e.g. with target SL(n,R/SO(p,n−p and the scalar potential expressible by a single diagonal component of the coset representative. We also comment on a similar construction and its generalizations of effective D=5 purely bosonic non-linear sigma model action related to AdS6 in M-theory.

  2. Comments on the symmetry of AdS$_6$ solutions in String/M-theory and Killing spinor equations

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Hyojoong

    2016-01-01

    It was recently pointed out in \\cite{Kim:2015hya} that AdS$_6$ solutions in IIB theory enjoy an extended symmetry structure and the consistent truncation to $D=4$ internal space leads to a nonlinear sigma model with target $SL(3,\\mathbb{R})/SO(2,1)$. We continue to study the purely bosonic $D=4$ effective action, and elucidate how the addition of scalar potential term still allows Killing spinor equations in the absence of gauge fields. In particular, the potential turns out to be a single diagonal component of the coset representative. Furthermore, we perform a general analysis of the integrability conditions of Killing spinor equations and establish that the effective action can be in fact generalized to arbitrary sizes and signatures, e.g. with target $SL(n,\\mathbb{R})/SO(p,n-p)$ and the scalar potential expressible by a single diagonal component of the coset representative. We also comment on a similar construction and its generalizations of effective $D=5$ purely bosonic non-linear sigma model action rel...

  3. A multicentre, double-blind, randomised, controlled, parallel-group study of the effectiveness of a pharmacist-acquired medication history in an emergency department

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Admission to an emergency department (ED) is a key vulnerable moment when patients are at increased risk of medication discrepancies and medication histories are an effective way of ensuring that fewer errors are made. This study measured whether a pharmacist-acquired medication history in an ED focusing on a patient’s current home medication regimen, and available to be used by a doctor when consulting in the ED, would reduce the number of patients having at least 1 medication discrepancy related to home medication. Methods This multicentre, double-blind, randomised, controlled parallel-group study was conducted at 3 large teaching hospitals. Two hundred and seventy participants were randomly allocated to an intervention (n = 134) or a standard care (n = 136) arm. All consecutive patients >18 years old admitted through the ED were eligible. The intervention consisted of pharmacists conducting a standardised comprehensive medication history interview focusing on a patient’s current home medication regimen, prior to being seen by a doctor. Data recorded on the admission medication order form was available to be used by a doctor during consultation in the ED. The admission medication order form was given to doctors at a later stage in the control arm for them to amend prescriptions. The effect of the intervention was assessed primarily by comparing the number of patients having at least 1 admission medication discrepancy regarding medication being taken at home. Secondary outcomes concerned the characteristics and clinical severity of such medication discrepancies. Results The intervention reduced discrepancies occurring by 33% (p medication occurred most frequently (55.1%) and most discrepancies (42.7%) were judged to have the potential to cause moderate discomfort or clinical deterioration. Conclusions A pharmacist-acquired medication history in an ED focusing on a patient’s current home medication regimen available to be used by a doctor

  4. A 1-year multicenter randomized double-blind comparison of repaglinide and glyburide for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Dutch and German Repaglinide Study Group

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolffenbuttel, B H; Landgraf, R

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Repaglinide is a newly developed oral blood glucose-lowering agent that exerts its effect by stimulating insulin secretion. This multicenter study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of this drug with glyburide in a 1-year randomized double-blind study of outpatients with type

  5. A non-normal Fefferman-type construction of split-signature conformal structures admitting twistor spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Hammerl, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    We treat a non-normal Fefferman-type construction based on an inclusion $\\SL(n+1)\\embed\\Spin(n+1,n+1)$. The construction associates a split signature $(n,n)$-conformal spin structure to a projective structure of dimension $n$. For $n\\geq 3$ the induced conformal Cartan connection is shown to be normal if and only if it is flat. The main technical work of this article consists in showing that in the non-flat case the normalised conformal Cartan connection still allows a parallel (pure) spin-tractor and thus a corresponding (pure) twistor spinor on the conformal space. The Fefferman-type construction presented here is an alternative approach to study a construction of Dunajski-Tod

  6. Apparatus to study matter-wave quantum optics in spin space in a sodium spinor Bose-Einstein condensate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nematollahi, Delaram; Zhang, Qimin; Altermatt, Joseph; Zhong, Shan; Goodman, Matthew; Bhagat, Anita; Schwettmann, Arne

    2016-05-01

    We present our apparatus designed to study matter-wave quantum optics in spin space, including our recently finished vacuum system and laser systems. Microwave-dressed spin-exchange collisions in a sodium spinor Bose-Einstein condensate provide a precisely controllable nonlinear interaction that generates squeezing and acts as a source of entanglement. As a consequence of this entanglement between atoms with magnetic quantum numbers m = +1 and m = -1, the noise of population measurements can be reduced below the shot noise. Versatile microwave pulse sequences will be used to implement an interferometer, a phase-sensitive amplifier and other devices. With an added ion detector to detect Rydberg atoms via pulsed-field ionization, we plan to study the effect of Rydberg excitations on the spin evolution of the ultracold gas.

  7. Alendronate prevents postmenopausal bone loss in women without osteoporosis. A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Alendronate Osteoporosis Prevention Study Group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McClung, M; Clemmesen, B; Daifotis, A

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Preventing bone loss associated with menopause and aging and maintaining the normal micro-architecture of bone provide important opportunities for the prevention of osteoporosis and fractures. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of alendronate, an aminobisphosphonate......, for preventing postmenopausal bone loss. DESIGN: 3-year double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: 15 osteoporosis centers throughout the world. PARTICIPANTS: 447 women who had recently experienced menopause (6 to 36 months before study entry). INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly assigned...

  8. Fermionic T-duality in fermionic double space

    CERN Document Server

    Nikolic, Bojan

    2016-01-01

    In this article we offer the interpretation of the fermionic T-duality of the type II superstring theory in double space. We generalize the idea of double space doubling the fermionic sector of the superspace. In such doubled space fermionic T-duality is repersented as permutation of the fermionic coordinates $\\theta^\\alpha$ and $\\bar\\theta^\\alpha$ with the corresponding fermionic T-dual ones, $\\vartheta_\\alpha$ and $\\bar\\vartheta_\\alpha$, respectively. Demanding that T-dual transformation law has the same form as inital one, we obtain the known form of the fermionic T-dual NS-R i R-R background fields. Fermionic T-dual NS-NS background fields are obtained under some assumptions. We conclude that only symmetric part of R-R field strength and symmetric part of its fermionic T-dual contribute to the fermionic T-duality transformation of dilaton field and analyze the dilaton field in fermionic double space. As a model we use the ghost free action of type II superstring in pure spinor formulation in approximation...

  9. Fermionic T-duality in fermionic double space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolić, B.; Sazdović, B.

    2017-04-01

    In this article we offer the interpretation of the fermionic T-duality of the type II superstring theory in double space. We generalize the idea of double space doubling the fermionic sector of the superspace. In such doubled space fermionic T-duality is represented as permutation of the fermionic coordinates θα and θbarα with the corresponding fermionic T-dual ones, ϑα and ϑbarα, respectively. Demanding that T-dual transformation law has the same form as initial one, we obtain the known form of the fermionic T-dual NS-R and R-R background fields. Fermionic T-dual NS-NS background fields are obtained under some assumptions. We conclude that only symmetric part of R-R field strength and symmetric part of its fermionic T-dual contribute to the fermionic T-duality transformation of dilaton field and analyze the dilaton field in fermionic double space. As a model we use the ghost free action of type II superstring in pure spinor formulation in approximation of constant background fields up to the quadratic terms.

  10. Topological Quantum Double

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonneau, Philippe

    Following a preceding paper showing how the introduction of a t.v.s. topology on quantum groups led to a remarkable unification and rigidification of the different definitions, we adapt here, in the same way, the definition of quantum double. This topological double is dualizable and reflexive (even for infinite dimensional algebras). In a simple case we show, considering the double as the "zero class" of an extension theory, the uniqueness of the double structure as a quasi-Hopf algebra. A la suite d'un précédent article montrant comment l'introduction d'une topologie d'e.v.t. sur les groupes quantiques permet une unification et une rigidification remarquables des différentes définitions, on adapte ici de la même manière la définition du double quantique. Ce double topologique est alors dualisable et reflexif (même pour des algèbres de dimension infinie). Dans un cas simple on montre, en considérant le double comme la "classe zéro" d'une théorie d'extensions, l'unicité de cette structure comme algèbre quasi-Hopf.

  11. Particular boundary condition ensures that a fermion in d=1+5, compactified on a finite disk, manifests in d=1+3 as massless spinor with a charge 1/2, mass protected and chirally coupled to the gauge field

    CERN Document Server

    Borstnik, Norma Susana Mankoc

    2008-01-01

    The genuine Kaluza-Klein-like theories--with no fields in addition to gravity--have difficulties with the existence of massless spinors after the compactification of some space dimensions \\cite{witten}. We proposed in previous paper a boundary condition for spinors in d=(1+5) compactified on a flat disk that ensures masslessness of spinors (with all positive half integer charges) in d=(1+3) as well as their chiral coupling to the corresponding background gauge gravitational field. In this paper we study the same toy model, proposing a boundary condition allowing a massless spinor of one handedness and only one charge (1/2) and infinitely many massive spinors of the same charge, allowing disc to be curved. We define the operator of momentum to be Hermitean on the vector space of spinor states--the solutions on a disc with the boundary.

  12. Members of the RAD52 Epistasis Group Contribute to Mitochondrial Homologous Recombination and Double-Strand Break Repair in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Alexis; Kalifa, Lidza; Sia, Elaine A

    2015-11-01

    Mitochondria contain an independently maintained genome that encodes several proteins required for cellular respiration. Deletions in the mitochondrial genome have been identified that cause several maternally inherited diseases and are associated with certain cancers and neurological disorders. The majority of these deletions in human cells are flanked by short, repetitive sequences, suggesting that these deletions may result from recombination events. Our current understanding of the maintenance and repair of mtDNA is quite limited compared to our understanding of similar events in the nucleus. Many nuclear DNA repair proteins are now known to also localize to mitochondria, but their function and the mechanism of their action remain largely unknown. This study investigated the contribution of the nuclear double-strand break repair (DSBR) proteins Rad51p, Rad52p and Rad59p in mtDNA repair. We have determined that both Rad51p and Rad59p are localized to the matrix of the mitochondria and that Rad51p binds directly to mitochondrial DNA. In addition, a mitochondrially-targeted restriction endonuclease (mtLS-KpnI) was used to produce a unique double-strand break (DSB) in the mitochondrial genome, which allowed direct analysis of DSB repair in vivo in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We find that loss of these three proteins significantly decreases the rate of spontaneous deletion events and the loss of Rad51p and Rad59p impairs the repair of induced mtDNA DSBs.

  13. Double Trouble

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elsaesser, Thomas; Kievit, Robert; Simons, Jan

    1994-01-01

    Double Trouble highlights the career of Dutch scriptwriter and television producer Chiem van Houweninge, well-known for his long-running TV comedy series and as author of episodes for TV detective series. Double Trouble gives Van Houweninge's own views on writing and filming in television prime impo

  14. Double Trouble

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elsaesser, Thomas; Kievit, Robert; Simons, Jan

    1994-01-01

    Double Trouble highlights the career of Dutch scriptwriter and television producer Chiem van Houweninge, well-known for his long-running TV comedy series and as author of episodes for TV detective series. Double Trouble gives Van Houweninge's own views on writing and filming in television prime

  15. Gravitational interaction of hadrons and leptons: Linear (multiplicity-free) bandor and nonlinear spinor unitary irreducible representations of SL(4R).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ne'eman, Y; Sijacki, D

    1979-02-01

    We review two possible affine extensions of gravity connected to the strong interactions. In the metric affine theory, torsion and nonmetricity do not propagate, gravitation is effectively unmodified, and the observed approximate conservation of hadron intrinsic hypermomentum-i.e., scaling, SU(6), and Regge trajectories-is due to the GL(4,R) band-spinor structure of the hadrons. In the second approach, the new gravitational Lagrangian density generates propagating but confined torsion and nonmetricity, presumably the main contributions to quark confinement. Leptons are represented nonlinearly as Poincaré spinors with the metric field as "realizer" and Higgs boson, and are unconfined. We present a construction for all linear multiplicity-free (= bandor) representations of GL(4,R) and in particular the [Formula: see text] fitting the hadron manifield. We also construct the Hilbert space hadron states [irreps (irreducible representations) of GA(4,R)] and the nonlinear realizations of GL(4,R) for lepton fields.

  16. Scalar and Spinor Field Actions on Fuzzy $S^4$: fuzzy $CP^3$ as a $S^2_F$ bundle over $S^4_F$

    CERN Document Server

    Medina, Julieta; O'Connor, Denjoe; Dolan, Brian P

    2012-01-01

    We present a manifestly Spin(5) invariant construction of squashed fuzzy $CP^3$ as a fuzzy $S^2$ bundle over fuzzy $S^4$. We develop the necessary projectors and exhibit the squashing in terms of the radii of the $S^2$ and $S^4$. Our analysis allows us give both scalar and spinor fuzzy action functionals whose low lying modes are truncated versions of those of a commutative $S^4$.

  17. The field and Killing spinor equations of M-theory and type IIA/IIB supergravity in coordinate-free notation

    CERN Document Server

    Hamilton, M J D

    2016-01-01

    We review the actions of the supergravity theory in eleven dimensions as well as the type IIA and IIB supergravities in ten dimensions and derive the bosonic equations of motion in a coordinate-free notation. We also consider the existence of supersymmetries and the associated generalized Killing spinor equations. The aim of this note is to serve as a formulary and make the equations of supergravity more easily accessible to mathematicians.

  18. Bis(alkyl) rare-earth complexes coordinated by bulky tridentate amidinate ligands bearing pendant Ph2P[double bond, length as m-dash]O and Ph2P[double bond, length as m-dash]NR groups. Synthesis, structures and catalytic activity in stereospecific isoprene polymerization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rad'kova, Natalia Yu; Tolpygin, Aleksei O; Rad'kov, Vasily Yu; Khamaletdinova, Nadia M; Cherkasov, Anton V; Fukin, Georgi K; Trifonov, Alexander A

    2016-11-22

    A series of new tridentate amidines 2-[Ph2P[double bond, length as m-dash]X]C6H4NHC(tBu)[double bond, length as m-dash]N(2,6-R2C6H3) (X = O, R = iPr (1); X = S, R = Me (2); X = NPh, R = Me (3); X = N(2,6-Me2C6H3), R = Me (4)) bearing various types of donor Ph2P[double bond, length as m-dash]X groups in a pendant chain was synthesized. Bis(alkyl) complexes {2-[Ph2P[double bond, length as m-dash]X]C6H4NC(tBu)N(2,6-R2C6H3)}Ln(CH2SiMe3)2 (Ln = Y, X = O, R = iPr (5); Ln = Er, X = O, R = iPr (6); Ln = Lu, X = O, R = iPr (7); Ln = Y, X = NPh, R = Me (8); Ln = Lu, X = NPh, R = Me (9); Ln = Lu, X = N(2,6-Me2C6H3), R = Me (10)) were prepared using alkane elimination reactions of 1, 3 and 4 with Ln(CH2SiMe3)3(THF)2 (Ln = Y, Er, Lu) in toluene and were isolated in 45 (5), 62 (6), 56 (7), 65 (8), 60 (9), and 60 (10) % yields respectively. The X-ray diffraction studies showed that complexes 6-8 are solvent free and feature intramolecular coordination of the P[double bond, length as m-dash]X (X = O, NPh) group to the lanthanide ions. The ternary systems 5-10/borate/AlR3 (borate = [PhNHMe2][B(C6F5)4], [Ph3C][B(C6F5)4], AlR3 = AliBu3, AliBu2H; molar ratio = 1/1/10 or 1/1/1, toluene) proved to be active in isoprene polymerization and enable complete conversion of 1000-10 000 equivalents of the monomer into a polymer at 25 °C within 0.5-24 h affording polyisoprenes with polydispersities Mw/Mn = 1.22-3.18. A comparative study of the catalytic performance of the bis(alkyl) complexes coordinated by tridentate amidinate ligands containing different pendant donor groups demonstrated that replacement of the Ph2P[double bond, length as m-dash]O group by Ph2P[double bond, length as m-dash]NPh leads to a switch of stereoselectivity in isoprene polymerization from cis-1,4 (up to 98.5%) to trans-1,4 (up to 84.8%). And conversely introduction of methyl substituents in the 2,6 positions of the phenyl group of the Ph2P[double bond, length as m-dash]NPh fragment allows us to restore the 1,4-cis

  19. Pregnenolone and dehydroepiandrosterone as an adjunctive treatment in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder: an 8-week, double-blind, randomized, controlled, 2-center, parallel-group trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritsner, Michael S; Gibel, Anatoly; Shleifer, Tatyana; Boguslavsky, Igor; Zayed, Ahmad; Maayan, Rachel; Weizman, Abraham; Lerner, Vladimir

    2010-10-01

    Pregnenolone (PREG) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) are reported to have a modulatory effect on neuronal excitability, synaptic plasticity, and response to stress; they are associated with mood regulation and cognitive performance. We investigated the influence of PREG and DHEA on psychotic symptoms and cognitive functioning as an add-on to ongoing antipsychotic treatment of patients with chronic schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. This 8-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 2-center study compared 30 mg/d of PREG (PREG-30), 200 mg/d of PREG (PREG-200), 400 mg/d of DHEA, and placebo as an adjunctive treatment of 58 chronic schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder patients (DSM-IV). The data were collected from February 2005 until June 2007. The outcome measures were symptomatic and neurocognitive changes, functioning, and tolerability as assessed primarily by the Clinical Global Impressions-Severity of Illness scale and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. Analyses are presented for 44 patients who completed 8 weeks of treatment and for 14 noncompleters. Compared with subjects who received placebo, those administered PREG-30 had significant reductions in positive symptom scores and extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) and improvement in attention and working memory performance, whereas subjects treated with PREG-200 did not differ on outcome variable scores for the study period. The general psychopathology severity and general functioning of patients receiving placebo and PREG-30 improved more than that of those subjects treated with DHEA, while EPS improved more in subjects treated with DHEA than in patients receiving placebo. Negative symptoms and akathisia were not significantly benefited by any treatment. The administration of PREG and DHEA was well tolerated. Low-dose PREG augmentation demonstrated significant amelioration of positive symptoms and EPS and improvement in attention and working memory performance of schizophrenia and

  20. Determinants of obesity among men with the lewis double-negative blood group: a genetic marker of obesity-the Copenhagen Male Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyntelberg, Finn; Hein, Hans Ole; Suadicani, Poul

    2011-01-01

    Middle-aged and elderly men with the Lewis blood group phenotype Le(a-b-), have a two-fold higher prevalence of obesity than others. We investigated if the association could be ascribed to differences in lifestyle, or if obesity determinants had a different impact in this group.......Middle-aged and elderly men with the Lewis blood group phenotype Le(a-b-), have a two-fold higher prevalence of obesity than others. We investigated if the association could be ascribed to differences in lifestyle, or if obesity determinants had a different impact in this group....

  1. Alkalinized lidocaine versus lidocaine gel as local anesthesia prior to intra-vesical botulinum toxin (BoNTA) injections: A prospective, single center, randomized, double-blind, parallel group trial of efficacy and morbidity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nambiar, Arjun K; Younis, Ayman; Khan, Zainab A; Hildrup, Iona; Emery, Simon J; Lucas, Malcolm G

    2016-04-01

    To assess the efficacy and morbidity of alkalinized lidocaine solution compared to lidocaine gel for intra-vesical anesthesia during botulinum toxin (BoNTA) injections in a statistically powered, prospective, parallel group, double-blind randomized controlled trial. Fifty-four patients of either sex were randomized to receive either alkalinized lidocaine (AL) solution (10 ml 8.4% sodium bicarbonate + 20 ml 2% lidocaine solution + 22 ml sterile Aquagel®) or lidocaine gel (LG) (22 ml standard 2% lidocaine gel Instillagel® + 30 ml 0.9% normal saline solution). Primary outcome was average pain (assessed by 100 mm visual analog score) felt during intra-vesical BoNTA injections performed at least 20 min after instillation. Secondary outcome was the rate of adverse events. Of 60 randomized patients 54 received the allocated intervention and were analyzed. Mean pain score in the AL group was 17.11 mm (95%CI 8.65-25.57 mm) and in the LG group was 19.53 mm (95%CI 13.03-26.03mm) with no significant difference between the groups. Cost of interventional medication in the AL group was almost double that of the LG group. No adverse events were attributable to local anesthetic instillation in either group. Alkalinized lidocaine solution is not superior to lidocaine gel for anesthesia during intra-vesical BoNTA injections, and the higher cost precludes its use over lidocaine gel at our centre. We have used the results of this study to adapt our local protocol for BoNTA injections and continue to use lidocaine gel as the local anesthetic of choice. Neurourol. Urodynam. 35:522-527, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Comparison of antiplatelet effect and tolerability of clopidogrel resinate with clopidogrel bisulfate in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) or CHD-equivalent risks: a phase IV, prospective, double-dummy, parallel-group, 4-week noninferiority trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suh, Jung-Won; Seung, Ki-Bae; Gwak, Chung-Hwan; Kim, Kwon-Sam; Hong, Soon-Jun; Park, Tae-Ho; Kim, Sang-Hyun; Choi, Young-Jin; Joo, Seung-Jea; Tahk, Seung-Jea; Kim, Hyo-Soo

    2011-08-01

    Clopidogrel resinate is a resinate complex of (+)-clopidogrel optical isomer, wherein the (+)-clopidogrel isomer binds to a water-soluble cation exchange resin via sulfonic acid groups. It was approved by the Korean Food and Drug Administration on the basis of a Phase I study that demonstrated the bioequivalence of clopidogrel resinate and clopidogrel bisulfate. However, there are no available data regarding efficacy and tolerability in patients with vascular disease. The goal of this study was to investigate the antiplatelet efficacy and tolerability of clopidogrel resinate in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) or CHD-equivalent risks. This study was a Phase IV, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, noninferiority trial. We prospectively recruited patients in 10 centers between March 2008 and July 2008. Patients who had documented CHD or CHD-equivalent risks were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: group A, aspirin (100 mg) + clopidogrel bisulfate placebo + clopidogrel resinate placebo; group B, aspirin (100 mg) + clopidogrel bisulfate placebo + clopidogrel resinate (75 mg); or group C, aspirin (100 mg) + clopidogrel bisulfate (75 mg) + clopidogrel resinate placebo. The primary outcome was the percent P2Y(12) inhibition after medication, assessed by using a point-of-care assay. If the 1-sided 90% upper confidence limit for the difference was less than the prespecified delta value (-5.7), clopidogrel resinate would be considered noninferior to clopidogrel bisulfate. The secondary outcome, the prevalence of adverse events (AEs) associated with study medications, was assessed at each visit by direct interview. A total of 314 patients (mean [SD] age, 62.2 [9.0] years; male 63.7%; weight, 67.3 [13.6] kg [range, 45-102 kg]; all Asian) were enrolled, and 287 patients finished the study (group A, n = 97; group B, n = 90; and group C, n = 100). Eight patients took no study medications and were excluded from the tolerability and efficacy analyses

  3. A group decision making method based on double hesitant linguistic preference relations%基于双重犹豫语言偏好关系的群决策方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娜; 徐泽水

    2016-01-01

    针对决策小组权重未知、方案的偏好信息以双重犹豫语言偏好关系形式给出的群决策问题,提出了一种简单决策方法。首先,为准确、全面地描述群决策过程中的不确定评估信息,定义双重犹豫语言数,并根据定义的运算法则,提出双重犹豫语言加权平均算子。其次,定义双重犹豫语言偏好关系,并利用单个决策小组对方案偏好信息得分值的标准差和其偏好信息得分值与其他决策小组偏好信息得分值的相关系数,提出一种客观确定决策小组权重的方法,进而提出一种基于双重犹豫语言偏好关系的群决策方法。同时,通过九甸峡水库运行方案选择实例说明该方法的可行性和有效性。最后,将该方法与现有方法进行比较,结果表明,所提出的方法能够直接处理双重犹豫语言偏好信息,不需要进行信息转化,从而可以减少原始决策信息的丢失。%A simple decision method is proposed to solve the group decision making problems in which the weights of decision organizations are unknown and the preferences for alternatives are provided by double hesitant linguistic preference relations. First, double hesitant linguistic elements are defined as representing the uncertain assessment information in the process of group decision making accurately and comprehensively, and the double hesitant linguistic weighted averaging operator is developed based on the defined operational laws for double hesitant linguistic elements. Then, double hesitant linguistic preference relations are defined and a means to objectively determine the weights of decision organizations is put forward using the standard deviation of scores of preferences provided by the individual decision organization for alternatives. Finally the correlation coefficient between the scores of preferences and the scores of preferences are provided by the other decision organizations

  4. A double blind placebo controlled group comparative study of ophthalmic sodium cromoglycate and nedocromil sodium in the treatment of vernal keratoconjunctivitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    el Hennawi, M

    1994-05-01

    In a 4 week double masked comparative study, patients received 2% nedocromil sodium (48), 2% sodium cromoglycate (48), or placebo eye drops (42), four times daily, for the treatment of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). Clinical examinations of eye condition and symptom severity were made before and after a 1 week baseline before starting test treatment, and after 1, 2, and 4 weeks of treatment. Patients kept daily diary card records of symptom severity and concomitant therapy. At the clinic, significant improvements were seen with both active treatments after 2-4 weeks. During the final visit, significant benefits over placebo were recorded for five ocular signs with nedocromil sodium and three with sodium cromoglycate, bulbar and lower tarsal chemosis being better controlled by nedocromil sodium (p sodium cromoglycate). Diary card trends showed improvement with all three treatments, which was greatest with nedocromil sodium and least with placebo. Compared with placebo, both the active drugs produced statistically significant improvements in general eye condition during weeks 1-2, and nedocromil sodium significantly reduced itching within the first week. Overall, nedocromil sodium had the greatest effect on symptoms, although diary card data revealed no statistically significant differences between the two active drugs. In conclusion, both 2% nedocromil sodium and 2% sodium cromoglycate were effective in controlling VKC when administered four times daily into the eyes, while the marked anti-inflammatory activity of nedocromil sodium was apparent in its more pronounced overall therapeutic effect.

  5. A phase III randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of pilocarpine for vaginal dryness: North Central Cancer Treatment group study N04CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loprinzi, Charles L; Balcueva, Ernie P; Liu, Heshan; Sloan, Jeff A; Kottschade, Lisa A; Stella, Philip J; Carlson, Mark D; Moore, Dennis F; Zon, Robin T; Levitt, Ralph; Jaslowski, Anthony J

    2011-01-01

    Vaginal dryness is a common problem for which effective and safe nonestrogenic treatments are needed. Based on preliminary promising data that pilocarpine attenuated vaginal dryness, the current trial was conducted. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial design was used to compare pilocarpine, at target doses of 5 mg twice daily and 5 mg four times daily, with a placebo. Vaginal dryness was recorded by patient-completed questionnaires at baseline and weekly for 6 weeks after study initiation. The primary endpoint for this study was the area under the curve summary statistic composed of the longitudinal responses obtained at baseline and through the 6 weeks of treatment to a numerical analogue scale asking patients to rate their perceived amount of vaginal dryness. The primary analysis was carried out by a single t test using a two-side alternative to compare the collective pilocarpine treatment arms with the collective placebo arms. A total of 201 patients enrolled in this trial. The primary analysis, comparing vaginal dryness symptoms in the collective pilocarpine arms against the placebo arm, did not reveal any benefit for the pilocarpine treatment. This finding was confirmed by other secondary analyses. Toxicity evaluation revealed more nausea, sweating, rigors, and urinary frequency with the pilocarpine arms compared with the placebo arm.

  6. Discovery of double-peaking potassic volcanic rocks in Langshan Group of the Tanyaokou hydrothermal-sedimentary deposit, Inner Mongolia, and its indicating significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG; Runmin; ZHAI; Yusheng; WANG; Zhigang; HAN; Xuefeng

    2005-01-01

    It is revealed that the protolith of gray-light brown potash-feldspar-leucogranulites and granulites in the 2nd formation of the LG in Tanyaokou deposit are quartz kerotophyre of synsedimentary eruption based on the following facts and features: (1) The rocks look compact and homogeneous without obvious crystals with naked eyes; (2) they contain blastoporphyritic or glomeroporphyritic and blasto-crystalloclastic crystals consisting of quartz with wavy extinction and albite with obvious alteration and deformation; (3) they also contain radiated and fibrous blasto-microspherulitic texture and swallow-tailed bifurcate and blasto-hollow-skeleton crystal texture, representing the rapid cooling characteristic of the magma during submarine volcanic eruption; (4) the major chemical compositions of the rocks are: SiO2 = 70.80%―76.00%, K2O (4.83%―6.22%)>Na2O(2.78%―3.80%), and K2O+Na2O = 8.63%―9.00%; and (5) their petrochemical diagrams indicate that they are volcanic rocks. Together with the characteristic that they occur in the same sequence with potassic spilite (SiO2 = 46.12%―50.68%, K2O = 4.23%―5.93%>Na2O = 2.15%―3.14%, K2O+Na2O = 6.51%―8.08%), it can be confirmed that the volcanics occurring in the 2nd Formation of the LG in Tanyaokou district are double-peaking potassic volcanic rocks. The discovery, together with the tuffs with ore minerals and the distribution of lead isotopic as well as the value of Co/Ni of pyrites >1 showing the obvious endogenic metalization, can prove that the Tanyaokou deposit is an untypical SEDEX-type deposit formed in the extension fault basin in the Mesoproterozonic aulacogen of the northern margin of the North China Platform, and its metallogenesis is related to the synsedimentary volcanic activities and the hydrothermal exhalation, and both the ore-forming material source and volcanics came from mantle or lower crust. These facts mentioned above, together with the meta-volcanic rocks (double-peaking) found in the

  7. Dirac-K\\"{a}hler field, spinor technique, and 2-potential approach to electrodynamics with two charges

    CERN Document Server

    Red'kov, V M

    2008-01-01

    From the 16-component Dirac-K\\"{a}hler field theory, spinor equations for two types of massless vector photon fields with different parities have been derived. Their equivalent tensor equations in terms of the strength tensor $F_{ab}$ and respective 4-vector $A_{b}$ and 4-pseudovector $\\tilde{A}_{b}$ depending on intrinsic photon parity are derived; they include additional sources, electric 4-vector $j_{b}$ and magnetic 4-pseudovector $\\tilde{j}_{b}$. The theories of two types of photon fields are explicitly uncoupled, their linear combination through summing or subtracting results in Maxwell electrodynamics with electric and magnetic charges in 2-potential approach. So the problem of existence of magnetic charge can be understood as a super selection rule for different photon fields in intrinsic parity. The whole analysis is extended straightforwardly to a curved space-time background. In the frames of that extended Maxwell theory, the known electromagnetic duality is described as a linear transformation mix...

  8. A multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled comparison of nocturnal roxatidine in the treatment of active duodenal ulcer disease. Multicenter Roxatidine Cooperative Study Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilinsky, N H; Bright-Asare, P; Cobert, B L; Fitch, D D; Lanza, F L; Kerr, R M; Savitsky, J P

    1992-07-01

    This multicenter randomized, double-blind, 4-wk study compared the new H2-receptor antagonistic roxatidine (R) to placebo (P) for treatment of endoscopically diagnosed active duodenal ulcer disease. Subjects were evaluated after 2 and 4 wk of treatment. Those whose ulcer was unhealed at 2 wk received 2 more weeks of treatment before final evaluation. Ulcer healing (endoscopically determined) with roxatidine was more effective than placebo at both wk 0-2 (R = 33.9%, P = 21.9%, p = 0.018) and wk 2-4 (R = 68.2%, P = 29.7%, p less than 0.001), with an overall 4-wk effectiveness of 78.9% compared to 44.8% (p less than 0.001). At the end of treatment, average maximum ulcer diameter diminished 83% in R and 50% in P (p less than 0.001). Roxatidine was also more effective than placebo in decreasing abdominal pain (p less than 0.001), decreasing the number of antacid tablets taken for pain relief (p less than 0.001), improving dyspeptic symptoms (p less than 0.001), and permitting return to a normal routine for subjects with previous illness-imposed restrictions on work and/or other daily activities. The profile of laboratory values and adverse experiences demonstrated roxatidine to be safe and well-tolerated. The efficacy of roxatidine as evaluated by the healing rate of duodenal ulcer and reduction in abdominal pain emphasize its value as an addition to the family of H2-receptor antagonists.

  9. Spiritual Healing in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Exploratory Single Centre, Parallel-Group, Double-Blind, Three-Arm, Randomised, Sham-Controlled Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bliddal, H.; Christensen, Robin Daniel Kjersgaard; Hojgaard, L.

    2014-01-01

    Our objective was to investigate the efficacy of "energy/spiritual healing" in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Eligible patients were women with RA on stable medication. The design was a randomised, blinded, sham-controlled trial; the third group included an external unblinded control of the natural c...

  10. Safety and Efficacy of Tien-Hsien Liquid Practical in Patients with Refractory Metastatic Breast Cancer: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group, Phase IIa Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Hung Kuo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Tien-Hsien Liquid Practical (THL-P, a Chinese herbal mixture, in patients with refractory metastatic breast cancer, we performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase IIa pilot trial. Patients were randomly assigned to either receive THL-P or matching placebo and followed up every 4 weeks for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was changes in the global health status/quality of life (GHS/QOL scale. The secondary endpoints were changes in functional and symptom scales, immunomodulating effects, and adverse events. Sixty-three patients were enrolled between June 2009 and June 2011. The intent-to-treat population included 28 patients in the THL-P group and 11 patients in the placebo group. Compared to the placebo group, the THL-P group had significant improvement from baseline to last visit in GHS/QOL (41.7 versus −33.3; P<0.05, CD3, CD4/CD8, CD19, CD16+56 positive cells (P<0.05, and higher levels of physical, role, emotional, and cognitive functioning, as well as decreased fatigue and systemic side effects. Treatment-related adverse events were mild constipation and localized itching, and no serious adverse events were reported. THL-P appears to be a safe alternative adjuvant treatment for patients with refractory metastatic breast cancer, as it effectively improves QOL and palliates cancer-related symptoms.

  11. T-dualization of type IIB superstring theory in double space

    CERN Document Server

    Nikolić, Bojan

    2015-01-01

    In this article we offer the new interpretation of T-dualization procedure of type IIB superstring theory in double space framework. We use the ghost free action of type IIB superstring in pure spinor formulation in approximation of constant background fields up to the quadratic terms. T-dualization along any subset of the initial coordinates, $x^a$, is equivalent to the permutation of this subset with subset of the corresponding T-dual coordinates, $y_a$, in double space coordinate $Z^M=(x^\\mu,y_\\mu)$. Demanding that the T-dual transformation law after exchange $x^a\\leftrightarrow y_a$ has the same form as initial one, we obtain the T-dual NS-NS and NS-R background fields. The T-dual R-R field strength is determined up to one arbitrary constant under some assumptions.

  12. Duloxetine and pregabalin: high-dose monotherapy or their combination? The "COMBO-DN study"--a multinational, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesfaye, Solomon; Wilhelm, Stefan; Lledo, Alberto; Schacht, Alexander; Tölle, Thomas; Bouhassira, Didier; Cruccu, Giorgio; Skljarevski, Vladimir; Freynhagen, Rainer

    2013-12-01

    This multicentre, double-blind, parallel-group study in diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain addressed whether, in patients not responding to standard doses of duloxetine or pregabalin, combining both medications is superior to increasing each drug to its maximum recommended dose. For initial 8-week therapy, either 60 mg/day duloxetine (groups 1, 2) or 300 mg/day pregabalin (groups 3, 4) was given. Thereafter, in the 8-week combination/high-dose therapy period, only nonresponders received 120 mg/day duloxetine (group 1), a combination of 60 mg/day duloxetine and 300 mg/day pregabalin (groups 2, 3), or 600 mg/day pregabalin (group 4). Primary outcome (Brief Pain Inventory Modified Short Form [BPI-MSF] 24-hour average pain change after combination/high-dose therapy) was analyzed comparing combination (groups 2, 3 pooled) with high-dose monotherapy (groups 1, 4 pooled). Secondary end points included response rates, BPI-MSF severity items, and comparison of duloxetine and pregabalin in BPI-MSF average pain. Eight hundred four patients were evaluated for initial therapy and 339 for combination/high-dose therapy. There were no significant differences between combination and high-dose monotherapy regarding BPI-MSF average pain (mean change: combination: -2.35; high-dose monotherapy: -2.16; P = 0.370) and most secondary end points, which, however, consistently favoured combination therapy. Fifty-percent response rates were 52.1% for combination and 39.3% for high-dose monotherapy (P = 0.068). In exploratory analyses of the initial 8-week therapy uncorrected for multiple comparisons, 60 mg/day duloxetine was found superior to 300 mg/day pregabalin (P < 0.001). Both drugs and their combination were well tolerated. Although not significantly superior to high-dose monotherapy, combination therapy was considered to be effective, safe, and well tolerated. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. 基于单片机的双蓄电池组自动切换系统%Automatic Switching System Based on SCM of Double Battery Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨林发

    2012-01-01

    在直流电源屏中增加双蓄电池组自动切换功能时,常采取外购整套切换部件的解决方法,这样难免会使得产品成本居高不下,造成产品的竞争力下降。因此,文中介绍了双蓄电池组自动切换系统的一种解决方案,依据最新的设计规程,论述和比较直流电源屏系统各种接线方式的工作过程和优缺点,并且举例说明了利用单片机设计嵌入式系统实现蓄电池组间自动切换的工作原理和流程,为工厂在进行双蓄电池组直流电源屏设计提供参考。%When the DC power supply distribution need to add the automatic switching function, they general adopt purchasing the whole switching components to meet the requirements. Then it will increase the cost of the product; reduce the competitiveness of the product. So this article introduces a solution way to the dual battery group of automatic switching system according to the latest design specifications, discusses and compares the working process of each connection mode in DC power supply distribution system and advantages and disadvantages, and illustrates the use of single- chip design of embedded systems to automatically switch between the battery group work and process, providea a reference for the factory during the design of the DC power supply distribution.

  14. Bosonic and fermionic Weinberg-Joos (j,0) + (0,j) states of arbitrary spins as Lorentz tensors or tensor-spinors and second-order theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delgado Acosta, E.G.; Banda Guzman, V.M.; Kirchbach, M. [UASLP, Instituto de Fisica, San Luis Potosi (Mexico)

    2015-03-01

    We propose a general method for the description of arbitrary single spin-j states transforming according to (j, 0) + (0, j) carrier spaces of the Lorentz algebra in terms of Lorentz tensors for bosons, and tensor-spinors for fermions, and by means of second-order Lagrangians. The method allows to avoid the cumbersome matrix calculus and higher ∂{sup 2j} order wave equations inherent to the Weinberg-Joos approach. We start with reducible Lorentz tensor (tensor-spinor) representation spaces hosting one sole (j, 0) + (0, j) irreducible sector and design there a representation reduction algorithm based on one of the Casimir invariants of the Lorentz algebra. This algorithm allows us to separate neatly the pure spin-j sector of interest from the rest, while preserving the separate Lorentz and Dirac indexes. However, the Lorentz invariants are momentum independent and do not provide wave equations. Genuine wave equations are obtained by conditioning the Lorentz tensors under consideration to satisfy the Klein-Gordon equation. In so doing, one always ends up with wave equations and associated Lagrangians that are of second order in the momenta. Specifically, a spin-3/2 particle transforming as (3/2, 0) + (0, 3/2) is comfortably described by a second-order Lagrangian in the basis of the totally anti-symmetric Lorentz tensor-spinor of second rank, Ψ {sub [μν]}. Moreover, the particle is shown to propagate causally within an electromagnetic background. In our study of (3/2, 0) + (0, 3/2) as part of Ψ {sub [μν]} we reproduce the electromagnetic multipole moments known from the Weinberg-Joos theory. We also find a Compton differential cross-section that satisfies unitarity in forward direction. The suggested tensor calculus presents itself very computer friendly with respect to the symbolic software FeynCalc. (orig.)

  15. Bosonic and fermionic Weinberg-Joos (j,0) ⊕ (0,j) states of arbitrary spins as Lorentz tensors or tensor-spinors and second-order theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado Acosta, E. G.; Banda Guzmán, V. M.; Kirchbach, M.

    2015-03-01

    We propose a general method for the description of arbitrary single spin- j states transforming according to ( j, 0) ⊕ (0, j) carrier spaces of the Lorentz algebra in terms of Lorentz tensors for bosons, and tensor-spinors for fermions, and by means of second-order Lagrangians. The method allows to avoid the cumbersome matrix calculus and higher ∂2 j order wave equations inherent to the Weinberg-Joos approach. We start with reducible Lorentz tensor (tensor-spinor) representation spaces hosting one sole ( j, 0) ⊕ (0, j) irreducible sector and design there a representation reduction algorithm based on one of the Casimir invariants of the Lorentz algebra. This algorithm allows us to separate neatly the pure spin- j sector of interest from the rest, while preserving the separate Lorentz and Dirac indexes. However, the Lorentz invariants are momentum independent and do not provide wave equations. Genuine wave equations are obtained by conditioning the Lorentz tensors under consideration to satisfy the Klein-Gordon equation. In so doing, one always ends up with wave equations and associated Lagrangians that are of second order in the momenta. Specifically, a spin-3/2 particle transforming as (3/2, 0) ⊕ (0, 3/2) is comfortably described by a second-order Lagrangian in the basis of the totally anti-symmetric Lorentz tensor-spinor of second rank, Ψ [ μν]. Moreover, the particle is shown to propagate causally within an electromagnetic background. In our study of (3/2, 0) ⊕ (0, 3/2) as part of Ψ [ μν] we reproduce the electromagnetic multipole moments known from the Weinberg-Joos theory. We also find a Compton differential cross-section that satisfies unitarity in forward direction. The suggested tensor calculus presents itself very computer friendly with respect to the symbolic software FeynCalc.

  16. Linagliptin and pioglitazone combination therapy versus monotherapy with linagliptin or pioglitazone: A randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, multinational clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nauck, Michael Albrecht; di Domenico, Maximiliano; Patel, Sanjay; Kobe, Maureen; Toorawa, Robert; Woerle, Hans-Juergen

    2016-07-01

    Linagliptin plus pioglitazone single-pill combinations were evaluated. Patients (n = 936) with insufficient glycaemic control, despite lifestyle interventions, were randomised for 30 weeks to either monotherapy with linagliptin 5 mg; pioglitazone 15, 30 or 45 mg; or single-pill combination with linagliptin 5 mg plus pioglitazone 15, 30 or 45 mg. An extension (⩽54 weeks) planned to evaluate linagliptin plus pioglitazone 30 or 45 mg single-pill combinations was not completed due to a protocol amendment. Adjusted mean (95% confidence interval) differences in HbA1c change from baseline at week 30 for linagliptin plus pioglitazone 15, 30 and 45 mg were -0.17% (-0.41, 0.07), -0.37% (-0.60, -0.14) and -0.41% (-0.64, -0.18) versus pioglitazone monotherapies, respectively, and -0.44% (-0.67, -0.20), -0.68% (-0.91, -0.44) and -0.89% (-1.12, -0.66) versus linagliptin monotherapy, respectively. Single-pill combinations were generally well tolerated. Hypoglycaemia frequency was ⩽1.5% per group. Linagliptin plus pioglitazone combinations were efficacious, with safety profiles comparable to the individual monotherapies.

  17. Vector and Spinor Decomposition of SU(2) Gauge Potential, Their Equivalence, and Knot Structure in SU(2) Chern-Simons Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DUAN Yi-Shi; REN Ji-Rong; LI Ran

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, spinor and vector decompositions of SU(2) gauge potential are presented and their equivalence is constructed using a simply proposal. We also obtain the action of Faddeev nonlinear O(3) sigma model from the SU(2)massive gauge field theory, which is proposed according to the gauge invariant principle. At last, the knot structure in SU(2) Chern-Simons filed theory is discussed in terms of the φ-mapping topological current theory. The topological charge of the knot is characterized by the Hopf indices and the Brouwer degrees of φ-mapping.

  18. Methylprednisolone in combination with interferon beta-1a for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MECOMBIN study): a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravnborg, Mads; Sørensen, Per Soelberg; Andersson, Magnus;

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Interferon beta is commonly used to treat patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis; however, the treatment is only partially effective in reducing relapses and progression of disability. Corticosteroids are used to treat relapses in patients with multiple sclerosis. We...... therefore aimed to investigate the combination of cyclic methylprednisolone and interferon beta for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. METHODS: In 2001, we designed a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, parallel-group trial, termed the methylprednisolone in combination...... with interferon beta-1a for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MECOMBIN) study. Patients were recruited between October, 2002, and March, 2005 from 50 neurology departments in eight countries. We included treatment-naive patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis who had an expanded disability...

  19. Dose escalation improves therapeutic outcome: post hoc analysis of data from a 12-week, multicentre, double-blind, parallel-group trial of trospium chloride in patients with urinary urge incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bödeker Rolf-Hasso

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Flexible dosing of anticholinergics used for overactive bladder (OAB treatment is a useful strategy in clinical practice for achieving a maximum effective and maximum tolerated level of therapeutic benefit. In this post hoc analysis we evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of trospium chloride treatment for urinary urge incontinence (UUI with focus on flexible dosing. Methods The data came from a 12-week, randomised, double-blind, phase IIIb study in which 1658 patients with urinary frequency plus urge incontinence received trospium chloride 15 mg TID (n = 828 or 2.5 mg oxybutynin hydrochloride TID (n = 830. After four weeks, daily doses were doubled and not readjusted in 29.2% (242/828 of patients in the trospium group, and in 23.3% (193/830 in the oxybuytnin group, until the end of treatment. We assessed the absolute reduction in weekly UUI episodes and the change in intensity of dry mouth, recorded in patients' micturition diaries. Adverse events were also evaluated. Statistics were descriptive. Results Dose escalation of either trospium or oxybutynin increased reduction in UUI episodes in the population studied. At study end, there were no relevant differences between the "dose adjustment" subgroups and the respective "no dose adjustment" subgroups (trospium: P = 0.249; oxybutynin: P = 0.349. After dose escalation, worsening of dry mouth was higher in both dose adjusted subgroups compared to the respective "no dose adjustment" subgroups (P P Conclusions Flexible dosing of trospium was proven to be as effective, but better tolerated as the officially approved adjusted dose of oxybutynin. Trial registration (parent study The study was registered with the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM, Berlin, Germany, registration number 4022383, as required at the time point of planning this study.

  20. Double screening

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gratia, Pierre [Department of Physics, University of Chicago,South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Hu, Wayne [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago,South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Enrico Fermi Institute and Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago,South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Joyce, Austin [Enrico Fermi Institute and Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago,South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Ribeiro, Raquel H. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary University of London,Mile End Road, London, E1 4NS (United Kingdom)

    2016-06-15

    Attempts to modify gravity in the infrared typically require a screening mechanism to ensure consistency with local tests of gravity. These screening mechanisms fit into three broad classes; we investigate theories which are capable of exhibiting more than one type of screening. Specifically, we focus on a simple model which exhibits both Vainshtein and kinetic screening. We point out that due to the two characteristic length scales in the problem, the type of screening that dominates depends on the mass of the sourcing object, allowing for different phenomenology at different scales. We consider embedding this double screening phenomenology in a broader cosmological scenario and show that the simplest examples that exhibit double screening are radiatively stable.

  1. A DOUBLE BLIND, RANDOMIZED, PARALLEL GROUP, PROSPECTIVE, CLINICAL STUDY FOR EVALUATION OF EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF LOW DOSE DOXEPIN IN COMPARISION WITH ZOPICLONE IN ADULT AND ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH PRIMARY INSOMNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pali

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Insomnia is underappreciated public health issue. In recent years, insomnia treatment has advanced beyond the routine use of benzodiazepines. AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of low dose Doxepin with Zopiclone in patients with primary insomnia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A double blind, randomized parallel group, prospective study of low dose Doxepin (n=20 and Zopiclone (n=15 in patients with primary insomnia. METHODS & MATERIAL: Patients fulfilling the selection criteria were enrolled. Enrolled patients were randomized to 2 groups- of low dose Doxepin(3mg and Zopiclone (3.75mg. Patients were provided with sleep diaries to record sleep parameters, change in alertness and mood, sleepiness scale score and other adverse events were recorded. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Student ‘t’ test. RESULTS: Both the groups show significant reduction the time of wakening after sleep onset, with improvement in both total sleep time & sleep efficiency. Both the drugs were well tolerated and percentage change in mood and alertness was comparable. CONCLUSION: Low dose Doxepin was found to be as effective and safe as Zopiclone in patients of primary insomnia

  2. 测定脑膜炎球菌疫苗C群多糖的双抗体夹心ELISA法的建立%Establishment of a double antibody sandwich ELISA for determination of group C polysaccharide in meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘殊男; 肖詹蓉; 王宇星; 张霖阳; 史雨舟; 王玲; 张萍

    2012-01-01

    Objective To establish a double antibody sandwich ELISA for determination of group C polysaccharide in groups A,C,Y,W135 meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPV4).Methods The prepared polyclonal antibodies against group C polysaccharide were purified by octanoic acid-ammonium sulfate precipitation method,and then labeled with horseradish peroxidase by sodium periodate method.The polyclonal antibodies against group C polysaccharide were used as coated antibodies and the second enzyme-labled antibodies to establish a double antibody sandwich ELISA.The reaction conditions of the established ELISA were optimized,and specific quantitative determination of group C polysaccharide was carried out by the established ELISA.Results The specificity of the double antibody sandwich ELISA for determination of group C polysaccharide was high,and no cross reactions with groups A,Y and W135 were detected.The best linearity in dose-response curve of group C polysaccharide was found in a range of 2.5-20.0 ng/ml (r > 0.99).The precision and accuracy of the established ELISA were good.Coefficients of variation and recovery rates of intraand inter-assay were 0.6%-9.1% and 87.5%-100.0%,respectively.Quantitation limit was identified as 4.0 ng/ml.Group C polysaccharide contents,molecular dimension KDvalue and recovery rates of three batches of MPV4 detected by the established ELISA were in accordance with those of previous determination and temporary quality control standards.Conclusion The double antibody sandwich ELISA can be applied to detecting the key quality indexes of group C polysaccharide in MPV4.%目的 建立测定A、C、Y、W135群脑膜炎球菌多糖疫苗(groups A,C,Y,W135 meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine,MPV4)C群多糖含量的双抗体夹心ELISA法.方法 制备抗C群多糖多克隆抗体,所得的多克隆抗体经辛酸-硫酸铵沉淀法纯化后,用过碘酸钠法对其标记辣根过氧化物酶.分别将抗C群多糖多克隆抗体作为包被抗

  3. Safety and acceptability of vaginal disinfection with benzalkonium chloride in HIV infected pregnant women in west Africa: ANRS 049b phase II randomized, double blinded placebo controlled trial. DITRAME Study Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Msellati, P.; Meda, N.; Leroy, V.; Likikouet, R.; Van de Perre, P.; Cartoux, M.; Bonard, D.; Ouangre, A.; Combe, P.; Gautier-Charpenti..., L.; Sylla-Koko, F.; Lassalle, R.; Dosso, M.; Welffens-Ekra, C.; Dabis, F.; Mandelbrot, L.

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To study the tolerance and acceptability in Africa of a perinatal intervention to prevent vertical HIV transmission using benzalkonium chloride disinfection. DESIGN: A randomized, double blinded phase II trial. SETTING: Prenatal care units in Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire) and Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). PATIENTS: Women accepting testing and counselling who were seropositive for HIV-1 and under 37 weeks of pregnancy were eligible. A total of 108 women (54 in each group) enrolled from November 1996 to April 1997, with their informed consent. INTERVENTION: Women self administered daily a vaginal suppository of 1% benzalkonium chloride or matched placebo from 36 weeks of pregnancy, and a single intrapartum dose. The neonate was bathed with 1% benzalkonium chloride solution or placebo within 30 minutes after birth. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adverse events were recorded weekly, with a questionnaire and speculum examination in women through delivery, and examination of the neonate through day 30. The incidence of genital signs and symptoms in the women and cutaneous or ophthalmological events in newborns were compared between groups on an intent to treat basis. RESULTS: The median duration of prepartum treatment was 21 days (range 0-87 days). Compliance was 87% for prepartum and 69% for intrapartum treatment, and 88% for the neonatal bath, without differences between the two groups. In women, the most frequent event was leucorrhoea; the incidence of adverse events did not differ between treatment groups. In children, the incidence of dermatitis and conjunctivitis did not differ between the benzalkonium chloride and placebo groups (p = 0.16 and p = 0.29, respectively). CONCLUSION: Vaginal disinfection with benzalkonium chloride is a feasible and well tolerated intervention in west Africa. Its efficacy in preventing vertical HIV transmission remains to be demonstrated. 


 PMID:10754950

  4. An extraordinary mass invariant and an obstruction in a massive superspin one half model made with a chiral dotted spinor superfield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John A. Dixon

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available An action for a complex irreducible massive superspin 12 multiplet can be constructed out of two chiral dotted spinor and two chiral undotted spinor superfields. To make this action a sensible one, additional ‘reality constraints’ are needed, and the notion of BRST recycling is needed to find the supersymmetry transformations of the theory with these additional constraints. This theory possesses three possible mass terms. An earlier paper examined the theory with the first mass term. This paper adds a second mass term and examines the consequences of that. This second mass invariant is ‘extraordinary’, which means that it is intrinsically dependent on the Zinn sources (‘antifields’ of the theory. This in turn implies that the action needs to be ‘completed’ so that it yields zero for the relevant Poisson Bracket. This ‘Completion’ meets an ‘Obstruction’, which is a ghost charge one object in the BRST cohomology space. Usually Obstructions arise from a one loop calculation, in which case they form anomalies of the theory. However this Obstruction arises at tree level from the completion. The coefficient of the Obstruction needs to be set to zero. This restores the complex irreducible massive superspin 12 multiplet to its usual structure, except that the mass is constructed out of the two mass parameters. The construction suggests interesting possibilities for related interacting theories.

  5. Fractional Parentage Coefficients for Spinor Bose-Einstein Condensation%母配分系数与旋量玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍诚光

    2004-01-01

    研究了由自旋为1的玻色子组成的N-体系统的总自旋态.导出了具有{N}和{N-1,1}对称性的总自旋态的母配分系数.这些系数使有关矩阵元的计算大为方便.因而它们将有助于建立一个关于旋量玻色爱因斯坦凝聚的改进了的理论,其中总自旋S及它的Z-分量Sz均得以守恒.%The total spin-states of a N-body system with spin-one bosons have been investigated.The fractional parentage coefficients for the total spin-states with {N} and {N-1,1} symmetries have been derived.These coefficients facilitate greatly the calculation of related matrix elements,they appear as a powerful tool for the establishment of an improved theory for the spinor Bose-Einstein condensation;spinor bosonic systems;fractional parentage coefficients.

  6. Double Imbalance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The government has been introducing a string of policies to stabilize the economy and cushion the impact of the global eco-nomic slowdown since October.These policies are generally deemed"timely"and"necessary,"but not a long-term cure for problems in China’s economy.Renowned economist Wu Jinglian says the country must address its"double imbalance"and further reform its economic growth mode.He made his comments at the First Annual Global Management Forum on December 6 in Shanghai.Excerptsf ollow:

  7. A Paired, Double-Blind, Randomized Comparison of a Moisturizing Durable Barrier Cream to 10% Glycerine Cream in the Prophylactic Management of Postmastectomy Irradiation Skin Care: Trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group (TROG) 04.01

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graham, Peter H., E-mail: peter.graham@sesiahs.health.nsw.gov.au [Cancer Care Centre, St. George Hospital, Kogarah, New South Wales (Australia); Plant, Natalie; Graham, Jennifer L.; Browne, Lois [Cancer Care Centre, St. George Hospital, Kogarah, New South Wales (Australia); Borg, Martin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Royal Adelaide Hospital (Australia); Capp, Anne [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mater Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales (Australia); Delaney, Geoff P. [Cancer Care Centre, Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool, New South Wales (Australia); Harvey, Jennifer [Mater Hospital, South Brisbane, Queensland (Australia); Kenny, Lisbeth [Royal Brisbane Hospital, Herston, Queensland (Australia); Francis, Michael [Andrew Love Cancer Centre, Geelong (Australia); Zissiadis, Yvonne [Department of Radiation Oncology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth (Australia)

    2013-05-01

    Purpose: A previous, unblinded study demonstrated that an alcohol-free barrier film containing an acrylate terpolymer (ATP) was effective in reducing skin reactions compared with a 10% glycerine cream (sorbolene). The different appearances of these products precluded a blinded comparison. To test the acrylate terpolymer principle in a double-blinded manner required the use of an alternative cream formulation, a moisturizing durable barrier cream (MDBC); the study was conducted by the Trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group (TROG) as protocol 04.01. Methods and Materials: A total of 333 patients were randomized; 1 patient was ineligible and 14 patients withdrew or had less than 7 weeks' observations, leaving 318 for analysis. The chest wall was divided into medial and lateral compartments, and patients were randomized to have MDBC applied daily to the medial or lateral compartment and sorbolene to the other compartment. Weekly observations, photographs, and symptom scores (pain and pruritus) were collected to week 12 or resolution of skin reactions if earlier. Skin dose was confirmed by centrally calibrated thermoluminescent dosimeters. Results: Rates of medial and lateral compartment Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC), version 3, greater than or equal to grade 3 skin reactions were 23% and 41%, but rates by skin care product were identical at 32%. There was no significant difference between MDBC and sorbolene in the primary endpoint of peak skin reactions or secondary endpoints of area-under-the-curve skin reaction scores. Conclusions: The MDBC did not reduce the peak skin reaction compared to sorbolene. It is possible that this is related to the difference in the formulation of the cream compared with the film formulation. Skin dosimetry verification and double blinding are essential for radiation skin care comparative studies.

  8. Effects on hemodynamics and gas exchange of omega-3 fatty acid-enriched lipid emulsion in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel group study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sacanell Judit

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction We investigated the effects on hemodynamics and gas exchange of a lipid emulsion enriched with omega-3 fatty acids in patients with ARDS. Methods The design was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel group study in our Intensive Medicine Department of Vall d'Hebron University Hospital (Barcelona-Spain. We studied 16 consecutive patients with ARDS and intolerance to enteral nutrition (14 men and 2 women; mean age: 58 ± 13 years; APACHE II score: 17.8 ± 2.3; Lung Injury Score: 3.1 ± 0.5; baseline PaO2/FiO2 ratio: 149 ± 40. Patients were randomized into 2 groups: Group A (n = 8 received the study emulsion Lipoplus® 20%, B.Braun Medical (50% MCT, 40% LCT, 10% ω-3; Group B (n = 8 received the control emulsion Intralipid® Fresenius Kabi (100% LCT. Lipid emulsions were administered during 12 h at a dose of 0.12 g/kg/h. Measurements of the main hemodynamic and gas exchange parameters were made at baseline (immediately before administration of the lipid emulsions, every hour during the lipid infusion, at the end of administration, and six hours after the end of administration lipid infusion. Results No statistically significant changes were observed in the different hemodynamic values analyzed. Likewise, the gas exchange parameters did not show statistically significant differences during the study. No adverse effect attributable to the lipid emulsions was seen in the patients analyzed. Conclusion The lipid emulsion enriched with omega-3 fatty acids was safe and well tolerated in short-term administration to patients with ARDS. It did not cause any significant changes in hemodynamic and gas exchange parameters. Trial registration ISRCTN63673813

  9. Influence of the antiseptic agents polyhexanide and octenidine on FL cells and on healing of experimental superficial aseptic wounds in piglets. A double-blind, randomised, stratified, controlled, parallel-group study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, A; Roth, B; Müller, G; Rudolph, P; Klöcker, N

    2004-01-01

    The main target of the combination of octenidine with phenoxyethanol (Octenisept) is the antisepsis of acute wounds, whereas polyhexanide combined with polyethylene glycol in Ringer solution (Lavasept) is the agent of choice for antisepsis of chronic wounds and burns. Because comparative data for both agents on the effects on wound healing are lacking, we investigated the influence of preparations based on polyhexanide and octenidine versus placebo (Ringer solution) in experimental superficial aseptic skin wounds (n = 108) of 20 mm diameter, using a double-blind, randomised, stratified, controlled, parallel-group design in piglets. Computerised planimetry and histopathological methods were used for the assessment of wound healing. Histologically, no significant differences could be verified at any time between the 3 groups. However, in the early phase (day 9 after wounding), the octenidine-based product retarded wound contraction to a significantly greater extent than placebo and polyhexanide, whereas in the later phase (days 18 and 28), polyhexanide promoted contraction significantly more than did placebo and octenidine. The consequence is complete wound closure after 22.9 days using polyhexanide, in comparison to the placebo after 24.1 days (p polyhexanide in vitro, which was demonstrated with dose and time dependence in cytotoxicity tests on human amnion cells. Copyright 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

  10. Effects of an omega-3 fatty acid-enriched lipid emulsion on eicosanoid synthesis in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel group study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chacon Pilar

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The use of lipid emulsions has been associated with changes in lung function and gas exchange which may be mediated by biologically active metabolites derived from arachidonic acid. The type and quantity of the lipid emulsions used could modulate this response, which is mediated by the eicosanoids. This study investigates the use of omega-3 fatty acid-enriched lipid emulsions in ARDS patients and their effects on eicosanoid values. Methods Prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel group study carried out at the Intensive Medicine Department of Vall d'Hebron University Hospital (Barcelona-Spain. We studied 16 consecutive patients with ARDS and intolerance to enteral nutrition (14 men; age: 58 ± 13 years; APACHE II score 17.8 ± 2.3; Lung Injury Score: 3.1 ± 0.5; baseline PaO2/FiO2 ratio: 149 ± 40. Patients were randomized into two groups: Group A (n = 8 received the study emulsion Lipoplus® 20%, B. Braun Medical (50% MCT, 40% LCT, 10% fish oil (FO; Group B (n = 8 received the control emulsion Intralipid® Fresenius Kabi (100% LCT. Lipid emulsions were administered for 12 h at a dose of 0.12 g/kg/h. We measured LTB4, TXB2, and 6-keto prostaglandin F1α values at baseline [immediately before the administration of the lipid emulsions (T-0], at the end of the administration (T-12 and 24 hours after the beginning of the infusion (T 24 in arterial and mixed venous blood samples. Results In group A (FO LTB4, TXB2, 6-keto prostaglandin F1α levels fell during omega-3 administration (T12. After discontinuation (T24, levels of inflammatory markers (both systemic and pulmonary behaved erratically. In group B (LCT all systemic and pulmonary mediators increased during lipid administration and returned to baseline levels after discontinuation, but the differences did not reach statistical significance. There was a clear interaction between the treatment in group A (fish oil and changes in LTB4 over time. Conclusions Infusion of

  11. First-order phase transitions in spinor Bose gases and frustrated magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debelhoir, T.; Dupuis, N.

    2016-11-01

    We show that phase transitions in spin-1 Bose gases and stacked triangular Heisenberg antiferromagnets—an example of frustrated magnets with competing interactions—are described by the same Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson Hamiltonian with O (3 )×O (2 ) symmetry. In agreement with previous nonperturbative-renormalization-group studies of the three-dimensional O (3 )×O (2 ) model, we find that the transition from the normal phase to the superfluid ferromagnetic phase in a spin-1 Bose gas is weakly first order and shows pseudoscaling behavior. The (nonuniversal) pseudoscaling exponent ν is fully determined by the scattering lengths a0 and a2. We provide estimates of ν in 87Rb,41K, and 7Li atom gases which can be tested experimentally. We argue that pseudoscaling comes from either a crossover phenomenon due to proximity of the O(6) Wilson-Fisher fixed point (87Rb and 41K) or the existence of two unphysical fixed points (with complex coordinates) which slow down the RG flow (7Li). These unphysical fixed points are a remnant of the chiral and antichiral fixed points that exist in the O (N )×O (2 ) model when N is larger than Nc≃5.3 (the transition being then second order and controlled by the chiral fixed point). Finally, we discuss a O (2 )×O (2 ) lattice model and show that our results, even though we find the transition to be first order, are compatible with Monte Carlo simulations yielding an apparent second-order transition.

  12. Double-double electromagnetically induced transparency with amplification

    CERN Document Server

    Alotaibi, Hessa M M

    2013-01-01

    We show that an alkali atom with a tripod electronic structure can yield rich electromagnetically induced transparency phenomena even at room temperature. In particular we introduce double-double electromagnetically induced transparency wherein signal and probe fields each have two transparency windows. Their group velocities can be matched in either the first or second pair of transparency windows. Moreover signal and probe fields can each experience coherent gain in the second transparency windows. We explain using a semi-classical-dressed-picture to connect the tripod electronic structure to a double-\\Lambda\\ scheme.

  13. Oceanic double-infusion: introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruddick, Barry; Gargett, Ann E.

    2003-03-01

    Double-diffusion, the mixing of fluids with two constituents of different molecular diffusivities, was originally discovered in the mid-1800s, forgotten, then rediscovered as an ‘oceanographic curiosity’ a century later. Many oceanographers suspect that double-diffusion has major effects on oceanic water masses and circulation, but direct measurement of the effects has proven difficult. In 1996, a Working Group was formed under the auspices of the Scientific Committee on Ocean Research (SCOR WG108), with the goal to identify progress and barriers to quantifying oceanic double-diffusive fluxes, and make recommendations for further progress. This document gives a brief history of double-diffusion, a review of evidence of its potential effects in the ocean, and gives an overview of the review articles contained in this volume, written by the Working Group members with the above aim in mind.

  14. The first double-blind, randomised, parallel-group certolizumab pegol study in methotrexate-naive early rheumatoid arthritis patients with poor prognostic factors, C-OPERA, shows inhibition of radiographic progression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atsumi, Tatsuya; Yamamoto, Kazuhiko; Takeuchi, Tsutomu; Yamanaka, Hisashi; Ishiguro, Naoki; Tanaka, Yoshiya; Eguchi, Katsumi; Watanabe, Akira; Origasa, Hideki; Yasuda, Shinsuke; Yamanishi, Yuji; Kita, Yasuhiko; Matsubara, Tsukasa; Iwamoto, Masahiro; Shoji, Toshiharu; Okada, Toshiyuki; van der Heijde, Désirée; Miyasaka, Nobuyuki; Koike, Takao

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate efficacy and safety of combination therapy using certolizumab pegol (CZP) and methotrexate (MTX) as first-line treatment for MTX-naive, early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with poor prognostic factors, compared with MTX alone. MTX-naive, early RA patients with ≤12 months persistent disease, high anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide, and either rheumatoid factor positive and/or presence of bone erosions were enrolled in this multicentre, double-blind, randomised placebo (PBO)-controlled study. Patients were randomised 1:1 to CZP+MTX or PBO+MTX for 52 weeks. Primary endpoint was inhibition of radiographic progression (change from baseline in modified Total Sharp Score (mTSS CFB)) at week 52. Secondary endpoints were mTSS CFB at week 24, and clinical remission rates at weeks 24 and 52. 316 patients randomised to CZP+MTX (n=159) or PBO+MTX (n=157) had comparable baseline characteristics reflecting features of early RA (mean disease duration: 4.0 vs 4.3 months; Disease Activity Score 28-joint assessment (DAS28)) (erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)): 5.4 vs 5.5; mTSS: 5.2 vs 6.0). CZP+MTX group showed significantly greater inhibition of radiographic progression relative to PBO+MTX at week 52 (mTSS CFB=0.36 vs 1.58; p<0.001) and week 24 (mTSS CFB=0.26 vs 0.86; p=0.003). Clinical remission rates (Simple Disease Activity Index, Boolean and DAS28 (ESR)) of the CZP+MTX group were significantly higher compared with those of the PBO+MTX group, at weeks 24 and 52. Safety results in both groups were similar, with no new safety signals observed with addition of CZP to MTX. In MTX-naive early RA patients with poor prognostic factors, CZP+MTX significantly inhibited structural damage and reduced RA signs and symptoms, demonstrating the efficacy of CZP in these patients. (NCT01451203). Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  15. The double H-atom acceptability of the P=O group in new XP(O)(NHCH2C6H4-2-Cl)2 phosphoramidates [X = C6H5O- and CF3C(O)NH-]: a database analysis of compounds having a P(O)(NHR) group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pourayoubi, Mehrdad; Nečas, Marek; Negari, Monireh

    2012-02-01

    In the hydrogen-bond patterns of phenyl bis(2-chlorobenzylamido)phosphinate, C(20)H(19)Cl(2)N(2)O(2)P, (I), and N,N'-bis(2-chlorobenzyl)-N''-(2,2,2-trifluoroacetyl)phosphoric triamide, C(16)H(15)Cl(2)F(3)N(3)O(2)P, (II), the O atoms of the related phosphoryl groups act as double H-atom acceptors, so that the P=O···(H-N)(2) hydrogen bond in (I) and the P=O···(H-N(amide))(2) and C=O···H-N(C(O)NHP(O)) hydrogen bonds in (II) are responsible for the aggregation of the molecules in the crystal packing. The presence of a double H-atom acceptor centre is a result of the involvement of a greater number of H-atom donor sites with a smaller number of H-atom acceptor sites in the hydrogen-bonding interactions. This article also reviews structures having a P(O)NH group, with the aim of finding similar three-centre hydrogen bonds in the packing of phosphoramidate compounds. This analysis shows that the factors affecting the preference of the above-mentioned O atom to act as a double H-atom acceptor are: (i) a higher number of H-atom donor sites relative to H-atom acceptor centres in molecules with P(=O)(NH)(3), (N)P(=O)(NH)(2), C(=O)NHP(=O)(NH)(2) and (NH)(2)P(=O)OP(=O)(NH)(2) groups, and (ii) the remarkable H-atom acceptability of this atom relative to the other acceptor centre(s) in molecules containing an OP(=O)(NH)(2) group, with the explanation that the N atom bound to the P atom in almost all of the structures found does not take part in hydrogen bonding as an acceptor. Moreover, the differences in the H-atom acceptability of the phosphoryl O atom relative to the O atom of the alkoxy or phenoxy groups in amidophosphoric acid esters may be illustrated by considering the molecular packing of compounds having (O)(2)P(=O)(NH) and (O)P(=O)(NH)(N)groups, in which the unique N-H unit in the above-mentioned molecules almost always selects the phosphoryl O atom as a partner in forming hydrogen-bond interactions. The P atoms in (I) and (II) are in tetrahedral coordination

  16. Scattering Equations, Twistor-string Formulas and Double-soft Limits in Four Dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    He, Song; Wu, Jun-Bao

    2016-01-01

    We study scattering equations and formulas for tree amplitudes of various theories in four dimensions, in terms of spinor helicity variables and on-shell superspace for supersymmetric theories. As originally obtained in Witten's twistor string theory and other twistor-string models, the equations can take either polynomial or rational forms, and we clarify the simple relation between them. We present new, four-dimensional formulas for all tree amplitudes in the non-linear sigma model, a special Galileon theory and the maximally supersymmetric completion of the Dirac-Born-Infeld theory. Furthermore, we apply the formulas to study various double-soft theorems in these theories, including the emissions of a pair of soft photons, fermions and scalars for super-amplitudes in super-DBI theory.

  17. A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-group dual site trial to evaluate the effects of a Bacillus coagulans-based product on functional intestinal gas symptoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Background This randomized double blind placebo controlled dual site clinical trial compared a probiotic dietary supplement to placebo regarding effects on gastrointestinal symptoms in adults with post-prandial intestinal gas-related symptoms (abdominal pain, distention, flatulence) but no gastrointestinal (GI) diagnoses to explain the symptoms. Methods Sixty-one adults were enrolled (age 36.5 ± 12.6 years; height 165.1 ± 9.2 cm; weight 75.4 ± 17.3 kg) and randomized to either Digestive Advantage™ Gas Defense Formula - (GanedenBC30 Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086): n = 30; or Placebo: n = 31. Study subjects were evaluated every two weeks over a four-week period using validated questionnaires and standard biochemical safety testing. Outcome criteria of interest included change from baseline in Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) abdominal pain, abdominal distention, flatus, and the Severity of Dyspepsia Assessment (SODA) bloating and gas subscores over four weeks of product use. Results Measured against the placebo, subjects in the probiotic group achieved significant improvements in GSRS abdominal pain subscore (p = 0.046) and the GSRS total score (p = 0.048), with a strong trend for improvement on the GSRS abdominal distension subscore (p = 0.061). A strong placebo effect was evident which could explain the lack of statistical significant differences between the groups for many of the efficacy variables. Conclusion In conclusion, the Bacillus coagulans-based product was effective in improving the quality of life and reducing gastrointestinal symptoms in adults with post prandial intestinal gas-related symptoms and no GI diagnoses. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00881322 PMID:19922649

  18. A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-group dual site trial to evaluate the effects of a Bacillus coagulans-based product on functional intestinal gas symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feldman Samantha

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This randomized double blind placebo controlled dual site clinical trial compared a probiotic dietary supplement to placebo regarding effects on gastrointestinal symptoms in adults with post-prandial intestinal gas-related symptoms (abdominal pain, distention, flatulence but no gastrointestinal (GI diagnoses to explain the symptoms. Methods Sixty-one adults were enrolled (age 36.5 ± 12.6 years; height 165.1 ± 9.2 cm; weight 75.4 ± 17.3 kg and randomized to either Digestive Advantage™ Gas Defense Formula - (GanedenBC30 Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086: n = 30; or Placebo: n = 31. Study subjects were evaluated every two weeks over a four-week period using validated questionnaires and standard biochemical safety testing. Outcome criteria of interest included change from baseline in Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS abdominal pain, abdominal distention, flatus, and the Severity of Dyspepsia Assessment (SODA bloating and gas subscores over four weeks of product use. Results Measured against the placebo, subjects in the probiotic group achieved significant improvements in GSRS abdominal pain subscore (p = 0.046 and the GSRS total score (p = 0.048, with a strong trend for improvement on the GSRS abdominal distension subscore (p = 0.061. A strong placebo effect was evident which could explain the lack of statistical significant differences between the groups for many of the efficacy variables. Conclusion In conclusion, the Bacillus coagulans-based product was effective in improving the quality of life and reducing gastrointestinal symptoms in adults with post prandial intestinal gas-related symptoms and no GI diagnoses. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00881322

  19. Agrobacterium sp.-derived β-1,3-glucan enhances natural killer cell activity in healthy adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yeon Joo; Paik, Doo-Jin; Kwon, Dae Young; Yang, Hye Jeong

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The present study investigated the hypothesis that a highly pure linear β-1,3-glucan produced by Agrobacterium sp. R259 enhances human natural killer (NK) cell activity and suppresses pro-inflammatory cytokines. SUBJECTS/METHODS In an eight-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 83 healthy adults with white blood cell counts of 4,000-8,000 cells/µL were participated and randomly assigned to take two capsules per day containing either 350 mg β-1,3-glucan or placebo. Six participants withdrew their study consent or were excluded due to NK cell activity levels outside the normal range. NK cell activity and serum levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and cytokines, such as interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were measured. RESULTS NK cell activity and the serum levels of IL-10 were significantly higher from baseline to week 8 in the β-glucan group compared with the placebo group (P = 0.048, P = 0.029). Consumption of β-1,3-glucan also significantly increased NK cell activity compared with placebo after adjusting for smoking and stress status (P = 0.009). In particular, the effect of β-1,3-glucan on NK cell activity was greater in participants with severe stress than in those experiencing mild stress. However, the administration β-1,3-glucan did not significantly modulate the levels of IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-12, TNF-α and IgG compared with the placebo. CONCLUSION The results showed that supplementation with bacterial β-1,3-glucan significantly increased NK cell activity without causing any adverse effects. Additionally, the beneficial effect of β-1,3-glucan on NK cell activity was greater in participants experiencing severe stress.

  20. Clifford numbers and spinors

    CERN Document Server

    Lounesto, Pertti

    1993-01-01

    This volume contains a facsimile reproduction of Marcel Riesz's notes of a set of lectures he delivered at the University of Maryland, College Park, between October 1957 and January 1958, which has not been formally published to date This seminal material (arranged in four chapters), which contributed greatly to the start of modern research on Clifford algebras, is supplemented in this book by notes which Riesz dictated to E Folke Bolinder in the following year and which were intended to be a fifth chapter of the Riesz lecture notes In addition, Riesz's work on Clifford algebra is put into an historical perspective in a separate review by P Lounesto As well as providing an introduction to Clifford algebra, this volume will be of value to those interested in the history of mathematics

  1. $SU(2) \\otimes SU(2)$ bi-spinor structure entanglement induced by a step potential barrier scattering in two-dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    Bittencourt, Victor A S V; Bernardini, Alex E

    2015-01-01

    The entanglement between $SU(2) \\otimes SU(2)$ internal degrees of freedom of parity and helicity for reflected and transmitted waves of Dirac-like particles scattered by a potential step along an arbitrary direction on the $x-y$ plane is quantified. Diffusion ($E \\geq V$) and Klein zone ($V \\geq E$) energy regimes are considered. It has been shown that, for $SU(2) \\otimes SU(2)$ polarized structures of helicity eigenstates impinging the barrier, the local interaction with a {\\em step} potential destroys the {\\em parity-spin} separability. The framework presented here can be straightforwardly translated into a useful theoretical tool for obtaining the {\\em spin-spin} entanglement in the context of enlarged scenarios of nonrelativistic $2D$ systems, as for instance those for describing single layer graphene, or even single trapped ions with Dirac bi-spinor mathematical structure.

  2. On Brown-York and Quadratic Spinor actions of general relativity%关于广义相对论的Brown-York与Quadratic Spinor作用量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童若轩; 闻晓枫

    2008-01-01

    广义相对论希尔伯特作用量在类空无穷远发散.如果要在类空无穷远得到收敛,则需要在希尔伯特作用量加上边界修正项.比较在类空无穷远收敛的Brown-York作用量.以及二次方旋量场(Quadratic Spinor)作用量.发现当狄拉克(Dirac)旋量场在边界超曲面上满足Wit-ten方程时,二次方旋量场作用量在渐进类空无穷远等于Brown-York作用量.

  3. SU(2) ⊗ SU(2) bi-spinor structure entanglement induced by a step potential barrier scattering in two-dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bittencourt, Victor A. S. V.; Mizrahi, Salomon S.; Bernardini, Alex E.

    2015-04-01

    The entanglement between SU(2) ⊗ SU(2) internal degrees of freedom of parity and helicity for reflected and transmitted waves of Dirac-like particles scattered by a potential step along an arbitrary direction on the x- y plane is quantified. Diffusion (E ≥ V) and Klein zone (V ≥ E) energy regimes are considered. It has been shown that, for SU(2) ⊗ SU(2) polarized structures of helicity eigenstates impinging the barrier, the local interaction with a step potential destroys the parity-spin separability. The framework presented here can be straightforwardly translated into a useful theoretical tool for obtaining the spin-spin entanglement in the context of enlarged scenarios of nonrelativistic 2 D systems, as for instance those for describing single layer graphene, or even single trapped ions with Dirac bi-spinor mathematical structure.

  4. A randomised, double-blind, multicentre, parallel-group, prospective study comparing the pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of CT-P13 and innovator infliximab in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: the PLANETAS study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Won; Hrycaj, Pawel; Jeka, Slawomir; Kovalenko, Volodymyr; Lysenko, Grygorii; Miranda, Pedro; Mikazane, Helena; Gutierrez-Ureña, Sergio; Lim, MieJin; Lee, Yeon-Ah; Lee, Sang Joon; Kim, HoUng; Yoo, Dae Hyun; Braun, Jürgen

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To compare the pharmacokinetics (PK), safety and efficacy of innovator infliximab (INX) and CT-P13, a biosimilar to INX, in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Methods Phase 1 randomised, double-blind, multicentre, multinational, parallel-group study. Patients were randomised to receive 5 mg/kg of CT-P13 (n=125) or INX (n=125). Primary endpoints were area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) at steady state and observed maximum steady state serum concentration (Cmax,ss) between weeks 22 and 30. Additional PK, efficacy endpoints, including 20% and 40% improvement response according to Assessment in Ankylosing Spondylitis International Working Group criteria (ASAS20 and ASAS40), and safety outcomes were also assessed. Results Geometric mean AUC was 32 765.8 μgh/ml for CT-P13 and 31 359.3 μgh/ml for INX. Geometric mean Cmax,ss was 147.0  μg/ml for CT-P13 and 144.8 μg/ml for INX. The ratio of geometric means was 104.5% (90% CI 94% to 116%) for AUC and 101.5% (90% CI 95% to 109%) for Cmax,ss. ASAS20 and ASAS40 responses at week 30 were 70.5% and 51.8% for CT-P13 and 72.4% and 47.4% for INX, respectively. In the CT-P13 and INX groups more than one adverse event occurred in 64.8% and 63.9% of patients, infusion reactions occurred in 3.9% and 4.9%, active tuberculosis occurred in 1.6% and 0.8%, and 27.4% and 22.5% of patients tested positive for anti-drug antibodies, respectively. Conclusions The PK profiles of CT-P13 and INX were equivalent in patients with active AS. CT-P13 was well tolerated, with an efficacy and safety profile comparable to that of INX up to week 30. PMID:23687259

  5. Double Conditional Expectation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Di-he

    2004-01-01

    The concept of double conditional expectation is introduced. A series of properties for the double conditional expectation are obtained several convergence theorems and Jensen inequality are proved. Finally we discuss the special cases and application for double conditional expectation.

  6. Comparison of lidocaine, metoclopramide, and flurbiprofen axetil for reducing pain on injection of propofol in Japanese adult surgical patients: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Yoshitaka; Itakura, Michiyo

    2008-02-01

    Pain on injection is a recognized adverse event (AE) of propofol administration for the induction of general anesthesia. Pretreatment with lidocaine, metoclopramide, or flurbiprofen axetil has been reported to be effective in reducing propofol-induced pain. However, no studies comparing the efficacy of these 3 drugs for preventing pain on injection of propofol have been identified. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of lidocaine, metoclopramide, and flurbiprofen axetil for reducing pain on injection of propofol in Japanese adult surgical patients. This prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study was conducted at the Department of Anesthesiology, Ushiku Aiwa General Hospital, Ibaraki, Japan. Japanese patients scheduled to undergo elective surgery were eligible for inclusion in the study. Patients were randomized into 4 groups to receive IV lidocaine 40 mg, metoclopramide 10 mg, flurbiprofen axetil 50 mg, or placebo (saline), preceded by venous occlusion with a rubber tourniquet for 2 minutes, and followed by the administration of propofol 0.5 mg/kg into the largest vein of the hand through a 20-gauge IV cannula. Immediately after the administration of propofol, an investigator blinded to treatment interviewed each patient on injection-site pain. Responses were scored on a 4-point verbal rating scale (0 = none, 1 = mild pain, 2 = moderate pain, and 3 = severe pain). Incidence and intensity of pain (as assessed by mean pain scores) were determined in each of the 4 study groups. AEs at the injection site (eg, pain, edema, wheal, inflammation), extrapyramidal disturbance, and symptoms or signs associated with gastrointestinal (GI) ulceration were assessed by the study investigator for 24 hours following surgery using spontaneous reporting and patient interview. A total of 100 patients (54 women, 46 men) aged 22 to 65 years were enrolled in the study. The patients' mean (SD) age was 42 (12) years. Their mean (SD) height

  7. Deconfinement on ℝ{sup 2}×S{sub L}{sup 1}×S{sub β}{sup 1} for all gauge groups and duality to double Coulomb gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teeple, Brett [Department of Physics, University of Toronto,Toronto, ON M5S 1A7 (Canada)

    2016-04-19

    I study finite-temperature N=1 super Yang-Mills for any gauge group G=A{sub N},B{sub N},C{sub N},D{sub N},E{sub 6,7,8},F{sub 4},G{sub 2}, compactified from four dimensions on a torus, ℝ{sup 2}×S{sub L}{sup 1}×S{sub β}{sup 1}. I examine in particular the low temperature regime L≪β=1/T, where L is the length of the spatial circle with periodic boundary conditions and with anti-periodic boundary conditions for the adjoint gauginos along the thermal cycle S{sub β}{sup 1}. For small such L we are in a regime were semiclassical calculations can be performed and a transition occurs at T{sub c} much smaller than 1/NL. The transition is mediated by the competition between non-perturbative objects including ‘exotic’ topological molecules: neutral and magnetic bions composed of BPS and KK monopole constituents, with r=rank(G) different charges in the co-root lattice of the gauge group G, and the perturbative electrically charged W-bosons (along with their wino superpartners). The difference from non-SUSY theories here is that the Higgsing along the thermal cycle gives rise to a light modulus scalar field which couples to both bion-instantons and the W-bosons, and mediates a transition near T{sub c} where the bions and W-bosons compete with equal strengths. The transition is seen to be similar to previous studies on ℝ{sup 3}×S{sub L}{sup 1} http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP11(2013)142; http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP09(2014)040; http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP03(2013)087; http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP09(2013)128 with general gauge group where a first order transition was found for all groups, but a second order one for the case of SU(2) on the torus ℝ{sup 2}×S{sub L}{sup 1}×S{sub β}{sup 1}, which was subjected to lattice studies in http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP11(2013)142. I determine a duality to a double Coulomb gas of neutral and magnetic bions of different charges of their constituent monopole-instantons, and W-bosons of both scalar and electric charges

  8. A randomised, double-blind, parallel-group study to demonstrate equivalence in efficacy and safety of CT-P13 compared with innovator infliximab when coadministered with methotrexate in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis: the PLANETRA study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Dae Hyun; Hrycaj, Pawel; Miranda, Pedro; Ramiterre, Edgar; Piotrowski, Mariusz; Shevchuk, Sergii; Kovalenko, Volodymyr; Prodanovic, Nenad; Abello-Banfi, Mauricio; Gutierrez-Ureña, Sergio; Morales-Olazabal, Luis; Tee, Michael; Jimenez, Renato; Zamani, Omid; Lee, Sang Joon; Kim, HoUng; Park, Won; Müller-Ladner, Ulf

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To compare the efficacy and safety of innovator infliximab (INX) and CT-P13, an INX biosimilar, in active rheumatoid arthritis patients with inadequate response to methotrexate (MTX) treatment. Methods Phase III randomised, double-blind, multicentre, multinational, parallel-group study. Patients with active disease despite MTX (12.5–25 mg/week) were randomised to receive 3 mg/kg of CT-P13 (n=302) or INX (n=304) with MTX and folic acid. The primary endpoint was the American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) response at week 30. Therapeutic equivalence of clinical response according to ACR20 criteria was concluded if the 95% CI for the treatment difference was within ±15%. Secondary endpoints included ACR response criteria, European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response criteria, change in Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28), Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), Simplified Disease Activity Index, Clinical Disease Activity Index, as well as pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) parameters, safety and immunogenicity. Results At week 30, ACR20 responses were 60.9% for CT-P13 and 58.6% for INX (95% CI −6% to 10%) in the intention-to-treat population. The proportions in CT-P13 and INX groups achieving good or moderate EULAR responses (C reactive protein (CRP)) at week 30 were 85.8% and 87.1%, respectively. Low disease activity or remission according to DAS28–CRP, ACR–EULAR remission rates, ACR50/ACR70 responses and all other PK and PD endpoints were highly similar at week 30. Incidence of drug-related adverse events (35.2% vs 35.9%) and detection of antidrug antibodies (48.4% vs 48.2%) were highly similar for CT-P13 and INX, respectively. Conclusions CT-P13 demonstrated equivalent efficacy to INX at week 30, with a comparable PK profile and immunogenicity. CT-P13 was well tolerated, with a safety profile comparable with that of INX. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT01217086 PMID:23687260

  9. Effects of low-dose oral enoximone administration on mortality, morbidity, and exercise capacity in patients with advanced heart failure: the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group ESSENTIAL trials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metra, Marco; Eichhorn, Eric; Abraham, William T.; Linseman, Jennifer; Böhm, Michael; Corbalan, Ramon; DeMets, David; De Marco, Teresa; Elkayam, Uri; Gerber, Michael; Komajda, Michel; Liu, Peter; Mareev, Vyacheslev; Perrone, Sergio V.; Poole-Wilson, Philip; Roecker, Ellen; Stewart, Jennifer; Swedberg, Karl; Tendera, Michal; Wiens, Brian; Bristow, Michael R.

    2009-01-01

    Aims Use of inotropic agents in patients with heart failure (HF) has been limited by adverse effects on outcomes. However, administration of positive inotropes at lower doses and concomitant treatment with beta-blockers might increase benefit–risk ratio. We investigated the effects of low doses of the positive inotrope enoximone on symptoms, exercise capacity, and major clinical outcomes in patients with advanced HF who were also treated with beta-blockers and other guideline-recommended background therapy. Methods and results The Studies of Oral Enoximone Therapy in Advanced HF (ESSENTIAL) programme consisted of two identical, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials that differed only by geographic location (North and South America: ESSENTIAL-I; Europe: ESSENTIAL-II). Patients with New York Heart Association class III–IV HF symptoms, left ventricular ejection fraction ≤30%, and one hospitalization or two ambulatory visits for worsening HF in the previous year were eligible for participation in the trials. The trials had three co-primary endpoints: (i) the composite of time to all-cause mortality or cardiovascular hospitalization, analysed in the two ESSENTIAL trials combined; (ii) the 6 month change from baseline in the 6 min walk test distance (6MWTD); and (iii) the Patient Global Assessment (PGA) at 6 months, both analysed in each trial separately. ESSENTIAL-I and -II randomized 1854 subjects at 211 sites in 16 countries. In the combined trials, all-cause mortality and the composite, first co-primary endpoint did not differ between the two treatment groups [hazard ratio (HR) 0.97; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.80–1.17; and HR 0.98; 95% CI 0.86–1.12, respectively, for enoximone vs. placebo]. The two other co-primary endpoints were analysed separately in the two ESSENTIAL trials, as prospectively designed in the protocol. The 6MWTD increased with enoximone, compared with placebo, in ESSENTIAL-I (P = 0.025, not reaching, however, the pre

  10. Diclofenac epolamine plus heparin plaster versus diclofenac epolamine plaster in mild to moderate ankle sprain: a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, multicentre, phase III trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costantino, Cosimo; Kwarecki, Jacek; Samokhin, Anatoly V; Mautone, Giuseppe; Rovati, Stefano

    2011-01-01

    In general sports, ankle sprain is the most frequently reported ankle injury and can cause chronic lateral ankle pain and tenderness. Treatment with NSAIDs is preferred, and several topical NSAID formulations are now available, helping to avoid the systemic adverse events typically associated with oral preparations. To compare the efficacy and tolerability of a newly developed fixed-dose diclofenac epolamine (diclofenac hydroxyethylpyrrolidine, DHEP)/heparin plaster (Flectoparin® Tissugel) with that of a DHEP (Flector EP Tissugel®) or placebo plaster in the treatment of mild to moderate ankle sprain in adults. This was a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, multicentre, phase III study conducted in the emergency medical centres of hospitals or private clinics in Europe. Outpatients aged 18-65 years who had suffered an acute ankle sprain (O'Donoghue grade I or II in severity, with external lateral ligament involvement) within the previous 48 hours and had peri-malleolar oedema were eligible for inclusion. A total of 430 patients were randomized to receive a DHEP/heparin 1.3%/5600 IU (n = 142), DHEP 1.3% (n = 146) or placebo (n = 142) plaster, applied once daily to the injured ankle for a total of 7 days. The primary endpoint was the mean change from baseline in pain on movement on day 3, as measured by a visual analogue scale (VAS). The DHEP/heparin plaster was associated with a significantly (p = 0.002) greater mean reduction from baseline in pain on movement after 3 days of treatment than the DHEP plaster (-24.2 vs -18.8 mm VAS), with each active treatment providing significantly (p ≤ 0.005) greater pain relief than placebo (-13.7 mm VAS). Both DHEP/heparin and DHEP were also effective in relieving other measures of pain, with DHEP/heparin recipients experiencing significantly less daily pain while leaning on the injured limb than DHEP recipients (p plaster and DHEP plaster were both well tolerated, with

  11. The double identity of linguistic doubling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berent, Iris; Bat-El, Outi; Brentari, Diane; Dupuis, Amanda; Vaknin-Nusbaum, Vered

    2016-11-29

    Does knowledge of language consist of abstract principles, or is it fully embodied in the sensorimotor system? To address this question, we investigate the double identity of doubling (e.g., slaflaf, or generally, XX; where X stands for a phonological constituent). Across languages, doubling is known to elicit conflicting preferences at different levels of linguistic analysis (phonology vs. morphology). Here, we show that these preferences are active in the brains of individual speakers, and they are demonstrably distinct from sensorimotor pressures. We first demonstrate that doubling in novel English words elicits divergent percepts: Viewed as meaningless (phonological) forms, doubling is disliked (e.g., slaflaf linguistic preferences doubly dissociate from sensorimotor demands: A single stimulus can elicit diverse percepts, yet these percepts are invariant across stimulus modality--for speech and signs. These conclusions are in line with the possibility that some linguistic principles are abstract, and they apply broadly across language modality.

  12. The Cambridge Double Star Atlas

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacEvoy, Bruce; Tirion, Wil

    2015-12-01

    Preface; What are double stars?; The binary orbit; Double star dynamics; Stellar mass and the binary life cycle; The double star population; Detecting double stars; Double star catalogs; Telescope optics; Preparing to observe; Helpful accessories; Viewing challenges; Next steps; Appendices: target list; Useful formulas; Double star orbits; Double star catalogs; The Greek alphabet.

  13. Double outlet right ventricle

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007328.htm Double outlet right ventricle To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a heart disease that is ...

  14. Chromosome doubling method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Akio

    2006-11-14

    The invention provides methods for chromosome doubling in plants. The technique overcomes the low yields of doubled progeny associated with the use of prior techniques for doubling chromosomes in plants such as grasses. The technique can be used in large scale applications and has been demonstrated to be highly effective in maize. Following treatment in accordance with the invention, plants remain amenable to self fertilization, thereby allowing the efficient isolation of doubled progeny plants.

  15. “双导向”视域下专业群构建的职教集团创新研究--以长沙环境保护职业技术学院为例%Innovative Research of the Occupation Education Group Based on"Double Orientation Concept"Establishment of Speciality Group:A Case Study of Changsha Environmental Protection Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张之浩; 李威; 赵甘林; 唐小艳; 黎卓鹞

    2015-01-01

    This paper lays out a innovative scheme of the occupation education group, which can be adopted in the"double orientation concept" establishment of specialty group. Through the full investigation, four aspects of concrete measures for innovation of the occupation education group are proposed by the author, which include the construction of "multi-party interaction" early warning mechanism; to create the"double quality"teaching team;to build"achievement sharing"cooperation platform;and to expand the"sharing"practice base.%本文提出利用职教集团优势资源服务“双导向”视域下专业群构建的创新方案。作者通过充分调研,从构建“多方联动”预警机制、打造“双师素质”教学团队、搭建“成果共享”合作平台、拓展“共建共享”实习基地四个方面对职教集团提出了创新的具体措施。

  16. Generalized Equations and Their Solutions in the (S,0)+(0,S) Representations of the Lorentz Group

    CERN Document Server

    Dvoeglazov, Valeriy V

    2016-01-01

    In this talk I present three explicit examples of generalizations in relativistic quantum mechanics. First of all, I discuss the generalized spin-1/2 equations for neutrinos. They have been obtained by means of the Gersten-Sakurai method for derivations of arbitrary-spin relativistic equations. Possible physical consequences are discussed. Next, it is easy to check that both Dirac algebraic equation $Det (\\hat p - m) =0$ and $Det (\\hat p + m) =0$ for $u-$ and $v-$ 4-spinors have solutions with $p_0= \\pm E_p =\\pm \\sqrt{{\\bf p}^2 +m^2}$. The same is true for higher-spin equations. Meanwhile, every book considers the equality $p_0=E_p$ for both $u-$ and $v-$ spinors of the $(1/2,0)\\oplus (0,1/2))$ representation only, thus applying the Dirac-Feynman-Stueckelberg procedure for elimination of the negative-energy solutions. The recent Ziino works (and, independently, the articles of several others) show that the Fock space can be doubled. We re-consider this possibility on the quantum field level for both $S=1/2$ a...

  17. Generalized Equations and Their Solutions in the (S, 0) ⊕ (0, S) Representations of the Lorentz Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dvoeglazov, V. V.

    2017-05-01

    We present three explicit examples of generalizations in relativistic quantum mechanics. First of all, we discuss the generalized spin-1/2 equations for neutrinos. They have been obtained by means of the Gersten-Sakurai method for derivations of arbitrary-spin relativistic equations. Possible physical consequences are discussed. Next, it is easy to check that both Dirac algebraic equation {Det}(\\hat{p}-m)=0 and {Det}(\\hat{p}+m)=0 for u- and v- 4-spinors have solutions with {p}0=+/- {E}p=+/- \\sqrt{{p}2+{m}2}. The same is true for higher-spin equations. Meanwhile, every book considers the equality p0 = Ep for both u- and v- spinors of the (1/2, 0) ⊕ (0, 1/2)) representation only, thus applying the Dirac-Feynman-Stueckelberg procedure for elimination of the negative-energy solutions. The recent Ziino works (and, independently, the articles of several others) show that the Fock space can be doubled. We re-consider this possibility on the quantum field level for both S = 1/2 and higher spin particles. The third example is: we postulate the non-commutativity of 4-momenta, and we derive the mass splitting in the Dirac equation. Some applications are discussed.

  18. Understanding the Electronic Structure of 4d Metal Complexes: From Molecular Spinors to L-Edge Spectra of a di-Ru Catalyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alperovich, Igor; Smolentsev, Grigory; Moonshiram, Dooshaye; Jurss, Jonah W.; Concepcion, Javier J.; Meyer, Thomas J.; Soldatov, Alexander; Pushkar, Yulia (UNC); (Purdue); (SFU-Russia); (Lund)

    2015-09-17

    L{sub 2,3}-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) has demonstrated unique capabilities for the analysis of the electronic structure of di-Ru complexes such as the blue dimer cis,cis-[Ru{sub 2}{sup III}O(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}(bpy){sub 4}]{sup 4+} water oxidation catalyst. Spectra of the blue dimer and the monomeric [Ru(NH{sub 3}){sub 6}]{sup 3+} model complex show considerably different splitting of the Ru L{sub 2,3} absorption edge, which reflects changes in the relative energies of the Ru 4d orbitals caused by hybridization with a bridging ligand and spin-orbit coupling effects. To aid the interpretation of spectroscopic data, we developed a new approach, which computes L{sub 2,3}-edges XAS spectra as dipole transitions between molecular spinors of 4d transition metal complexes. This allows for careful inclusion of the spin-orbit coupling effects and the hybridization of the Ru 4d and ligand orbitals. The obtained theoretical Ru L{sub 2,3}-edge spectra are in close agreement with experiment. Critically, existing single-electron methods (FEFF, FDMNES) broadly used to simulate XAS could not reproduce the experimental Ru L-edge spectra for the [Ru(NH{sub 3}){sub 6}]{sup 3+} model complex nor for the blue dimer, while charge transfer multiplet (CTM) calculations were not applicable due to the complexity and low symmetry of the blue dimer water oxidation catalyst. We demonstrated that L-edge spectroscopy is informative for analysis of bridging metal complexes. The developed computational approach enhances L-edge spectroscopy as a tool for analysis of the electronic structures of complexes, materials, catalysts, and reactive intermediates with 4d transition metals.

  19. Unintegrated double parton distributions

    CERN Document Server

    Golec-Biernat, K

    2016-01-01

    We present the construction of unintegrated double parton distribution functions which include dependence on transverse momenta of partons. We extend the formulation which was used to obtain the single unintegrated parton distributions from the standard, integrated parton distribution functions. Starting from the homogeneous part of the evolution equations for the integrated double parton distributions, we construct the unintegrated double parton distributions as the convolutions of the integrated double distributions and the splitting functions, multiplied by the Sudakov form factors. We show that there exist three domains of external hard scales which require three distinct forms of the unintegrated double distributions. The additional transverse momentum dependence which arises through the Sudakov form factors leads to non-trivial correlations in the parton momenta. We also discuss the non-homogeneous contribution to the unintegrated double parton distributions, which arises due to the splitting of a singl...

  20. On Double Vector Bundles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhuo CHEN; Zhang Ju LIU; Yun He SHENG

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we construct a category of short exact sequences of vector bundles and prove that it is equivalent to the category of double vector bundles. Moreover, operations on double vector bundles can be transferred to operations on the corresponding short exact sequences. In particular, we study the duality theory of double vector bundles in term of the corresponding short exact sequences. Examples including the jet bundle and the Atiyah algebroid are discussed.

  1. On Double Vector Bundles

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Zhuo; Liu, Zhangju; Sheng, Yunhe

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we construct a category of short exact sequences of vector bundles and prove that it is equivalent to the category of double vector bundles. Moreover, operations on double vector bundles can be transferred to operations on the corresponding short exact sequences. In particular, we study the duality theory of double vector bundles in term of the corresponding short exact sequences. Examples including the jet bundle and the Atiyah algebroid are discussed.

  2. UNILATERAL INCOMPLETE DOUBLE URETER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaini

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Double ureter is a result of premature division of t he ureteric bud. The ureters may join in the lower third of their course and open thr ough a common orifice into the bladder. If they open independently into the bladder, the ureter draining the upper pelvis opens into the bladder below the opening of the other ureter. Patie nts with double ureter or double pelvis are more likely to develop urinary infection and calculi .

  3. Observing Double Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genet, Russell M.; Fulton, B. J.; Bianco, Federica B.; Martinez, John; Baxter, John; Brewer, Mark; Carro, Joseph; Collins, Sarah; Estrada, Chris; Johnson, Jolyon; Salam, Akash; Wallen, Vera; Warren, Naomi; Smith, Thomas C.; Armstrong, James D.; McGaughey, Steve; Pye, John; Mohanan, Kakkala; Church, Rebecca

    2012-05-01

    Double stars have been systematically observed since William Herschel initiated his program in 1779. In 1803 he reported that, to his surprise, many of the systems he had been observing for a quarter century were gravitationally bound binary stars. In 1830 the first binary orbital solution was obtained, leading eventually to the determination of stellar masses. Double star observations have been a prolific field, with observations and discoveries - often made by students and amateurs - routinely published in a number of specialized journals such as the Journal of Double Star Observations. All published double star observations from Herschel's to the present have been incorporated in the Washington Double Star Catalog. In addition to reviewing the history of visual double stars, we discuss four observational technologies and illustrate these with our own observational results from both California and Hawaii on telescopes ranging from small SCTs to the 2-meter Faulkes Telescope North on Haleakala. Two of these technologies are visual observations aimed primarily at published "hands-on" student science education, and CCD observations of both bright and very faint doubles. The other two are recent technologies that have launched a double star renaissance. These are lucky imaging and speckle interferometry, both of which can use electron-multiplying CCD cameras to allow short (30 ms or less) exposures that are read out at high speed with very low noise. Analysis of thousands of high speed exposures allows normal seeing limitations to be overcome so very close doubles can be accurately measured.

  4. The Topology of Double Field Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Hassler, Falk

    2016-01-01

    We describe the doubled space of Double Field Theory as a group manifold $G$ with an arbitrary generalized metric. Local information from the latter is not relevant to our discussion and so $G$ only captures the topology of the doubled space. Strong Constraint solutions are maximal isotropic submanifold $M$ in $G$. We construct them and their Generalized Geometry in Double Field Theory on Group Manifolds. In general, $G$ admits different physical subspace $M$ which are T-dual to each other. By studying two examples, we reproduce the topology changes induced by T-duality with non-trivial $H$-flux which were discussed by Bouwknegt, Evslin and Mathai [hep-th/0306062].

  5. Double beta decay experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Barabash, A S

    2011-01-01

    The present status of double beta decay experiments is reviewed. The results of the most sensitive experiments are discussed. Proposals for future double beta decay experiments with a sensitivity to the $$ at the level of (0.01--0.1) eV are considered.

  6. Dual doubled geometry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Riccioni, Fabio; Alvarez-Gaumé, L.

    2011-01-01

    We probe doubled geometry with dual fundamental branes. i.e. solitons. Restricting ourselves first to solitonic branes with more than two transverse directions we find that the doubled geometry requires an effective wrapping rule for the solitonic branes which is dual to the wrapping rule for fundam

  7. {\\kappa} state solutions for the fermionic massive spin-1/2 particles interacting with double ring-shaped Kratzer and oscillator potentials

    CERN Document Server

    Oyewumi, K J; Onate, C A; Oluwadare, O J; Yahya, W A

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, an extensive survey on various wave equations of relativistic quantum mechanics with different types of potential interactions has been a line of great interest. In this regime, special attention has been given to the Dirac equation because the spin-1/2 fermions represent the most frequent building blocks of the molecules and atoms. Motivated by the considerable interest in this equation and its relativistic symmetries (spin and pseudospin) in the presence of solvable potential model, we attempt to obtain the relativistic bound states solution of the Dirac equation with double ring-shaped Kratzer and oscillator potentials under the condition of spin and pseudospin symmetries. The solutions are reported for arbitrary quantum number in a compact form. the analytic bound state energy eigenvalues and the associated upper- and lower-spinor components of two Dirac particles have been found. Several typical numerical results of the relativistic eigenenergies have also been presented. We found that t...

  8. Barnidipine, a novel calcium antagonist for once-daily treatment of hypertension: a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study. Dutch Barnidipine Multicenter Study Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, W; Holwerda, N J

    1997-11-01

    The antihypertensive effects and tolerance of once-daily barnidipine, a novel dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, were evaluated. A total of 190 patients with a sitting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 95-114 mmHg were investigated in this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study. After a 4-week single-blind placebo run-in period, patients were randomized to placebo or barnidipine (10 mg, 20 mg, or 30 mg modified release capsules) once daily for 6 weeks. Nonresponders (sitting DBP > or =90 mmHg and a decrease of barnidipine lowered blood pressure, with a trend toward a dose-response relationship over the dose range 10-30 mg. A dose increment of 10 mg in nonresponders resulted in additional reductions in blood pressure. At the end of the active treatment period, the responder rates were 41% and 57% for 10 mg and 20 mg barnidipine, respectively. Heart rate in both sitting and standing positions was not affected by barnidipine. Treatment with barnidipine was well tolerated, and the incidence of adverse events was dose related and consistent with vasodilatation. In conclusion, barnidipine (10-30 mg) administered once daily is well tolerated and reduces blood pressure in patients with mild to moderate hypertension.

  9. Comparative study of the efficacy and safety between blonanserin and risperidone for the treatment of schizophrenia in Chinese patients: A double-blind, parallel-group multicenter randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huafang; Yao, Chen; Shi, Jianguo; Yang, Fude; Qi, Shuguang; Wang, Lili; Zhang, Honggeng; Li, Jie; Wang, Chuanyue; Wang, Chuansheng; Liu, Cui; Li, Lehua; Wang, Qiang; Li, Keqing; Luo, Xiaoyan; Gu, Niufan

    2015-10-01

    This randomized, double-blind study compared the efficacy and safety of blonanserin and risperidone to treat Chinese schizophrenia patients aged ≥18 and blonanserin or risperidone using a gradual dose-titration method (blonanserin tablets: 8-24 mg/day; risperidone tablets: 2-6 mg/day), twice daily. Treatment populations consisted of 128 blonanserin-treated patients and 133 risperidone-treated patients. Intention-to-treat analysis was performed using the last observation carried forward method. Reductions of PANSS total scores by blonanserin and risperidone treatment were -30.59 and -33.56, respectively. Risperidone treatment was associated with elevated levels of serum prolactin (67.16% risperidone versus 52.31% blonanserin) and cardiac-related abnormalities (22.39% risperidone versus 12.31% blonanserin), and blonanserin patients were more prone to extrapyramidal side effects (48.46% blonanserin versus 29.10% risperidone). In conclusion, blonanserin was as effective as risperidone for the treatment of Chinese patients with schizophrenia. The overall safety profiles of these drugs are comparable, although blonanserin was associated with a higher incidence of EPS and risperidone was associated with a higher incidence of prolactin elevation and weight gain. Thus, blonanserin is useful for the treatment of Chinese schizophrenia patients. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  10. Spin groups of super metrics and a theorem of Rogers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulp, Ronald

    2017-01-01

    We derive the canonical forms of super Riemannian metrics and the local isometry groups of such metrics. For certain super metrics we also compute the simply connected covering groups of the local isometry groups and interpret these as local spin groups of the super metric. Super metrics define reductions OSg of the relevant frame bundle. When principal bundles S˜g exist with structure group the simply connected covering group G ˜ of the structure group of OSg , representations of G ˜ define vector bundles associated to S˜g whose sections are "spinor fields" associated with the super metric g . Using a generalization of a Theorem of Rogers, which is itself one of the main results of this paper, we show that for super metrics we call body reducible, each such simply connected covering group G ˜ is a super Lie group with a conventional super Lie algebra as its corresponding super Lie algebra. Some of our results were known to DeWitt (1984) using formal Grassmann series and others were known by Rogers using finitely many Grassmann generators and passing to a direct limit. We work exclusively in the category of G∞ supermanifolds with G∞ mappings. Our supernumbers are infinite series of products of Grassmann generators subject to convergence in the ℓ1 norm introduced by Rogers (1980, 2007).

  11. 高职国贸专业群“双师型”师资队伍建设探析--以常州纺织服装职业技术学院为例%Analysis on the Construction of Double Type Teacher Team of Higher Vocational International Trade Majors Group--Changzhou Textile Garment Institute as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左武荣

    2014-01-01

    International trade majors group of higher voca tional colleges, mainly cultivate these applied talents with high skills and high quality who can understand the business, make the documents skillfully, proficient in the process. But the current construction of teachers team of international trade majors group of higher vocational colleges is facing many questions, such as the double type teachers’ ability structure is unreasonable, the double type teachers' quality is not high, the investment on the construction of double type teachers is inadequate. So it is a main task for the construction of international trade majors group of higher vocational colleges to build a double type teaching team with rational structure, rich theory knowledge and exquisite professional skill. Higher vocational colleges should carry out the policy which can combine with introduction and sending out, should hire technical personnel from enterprises as part-time teachers of international trade majors group. Combining with professional and part-time teachers, can improve the structure of the higher vocational teachers' skills. At the same time, encouraging the professional teachers to go to the enterprises, can improve the quality of double type teachers. It is also necessary to set up relation systems of cooperation between colleges and enterprises, and encouraging teachers to ensure the construction of double type teacher team.%高职国贸专业群,主要以培养“懂业务、精制单、通流程”的高技能、高素质的实用型人才为目标,而当前高职国贸专业群教师队伍建设面临着“双师型”教师队伍技能结构不合理、“双师型”教师素质不高、“双师型”师资建设投入不足的困境。因此建立一支“结构合理、理论知识渊博、专业技能精湛”的双师型师资队伍,是当前高职院校国际贸易专业群建设的主要任务之一。高职院校要实行“引进来与送出去”相结合的策

  12. The Double Love Commandment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francois P. Viljoen

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The Gospel of Matthew was written during a period of dispute between the Matthean community and their fellow Jews, with the Pharisees playing a leading role. The Matthean community was heir to the same scriptures as its opponents. They continued to have a firm commitment to the Torah, but they developed a distinctive understanding of it based on Jesus’ teaching. The formation of this community is investigated in this article, considering the Mediterranean perspectives of group-oriented societies prevalent in the first century. Such a group provided a sense of self and an interactive support system, where love functioned to bind the group together. The subordinates showed their undivided loyalty towards their superiors because of the favours they received from them, whilst they supported and cared for other members within the group as they care for themselves. Reading the double love commandment of Matthew 22:34−40 from this perspective reveals significant aspects of the community’s identity with regard to their commitment to God and their view of their neighbours.Die Dubbele Liefdesgebod. Die Matteusevangelie is gedurende ’n periode van konfliktussen die Matteusgemeenskap en mede-Jode geskryf met die Fariseërs in ’n leidende rol. Die Matteusgemeenskap het van dieselfde geskrifte as hulle opponente gebruik gemaak. Hulle was steeds aan die Torah lojaal, maar het ’n unieke interpretasie daarvan gehuldig, gebaseer op die onderrig van Jesus. In hierdie artikel word die vorming van die Matteusgemeenskap ondersoek met inagneming van die Mediterreense beskouing van die groepgeoriënteerde gemeenskappe wat tipies van die eerste eeu was. So ’n groep het aan individue ’n bewustheid van eie waarde verskaf te midde van ’n interaktiewe ondersteuningsisteem waarin liefde as samebindende faktor gefunksioneer het. Ondergeskiktes het onverdeelde lojaliteit teenoor hulle meerderes betoon vanweë die gunste wat hulle van die meerderes geniet het

  13. Effect of the probiotic strain Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis, BB-12®, on defecation frequency in healthy subjects with low defecation frequency and abdominal discomfort: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eskesen, Dorte; Jespersen, Lillian; Michelsen, Birgit; Whorwell, Peter J; Müller-Lissner, Stefan; Morberg, Cathrine M

    2015-11-28

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis, BB-12®, on two primary end points - defecation frequency and gastrointestinal (GI) well-being - in healthy adults with low defecation frequency and abdominal discomfort. A total of 1248 subjects were included in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. After a 2-week run-in period, subjects were randomised to 1 or 10 billion colony-forming units/d of the probiotic strain BB-12® or a matching placebo capsule once daily for 4 weeks. Subjects completed a diary on bowel habits, relief of abdominal discomfort and symptoms. GI well-being, defined as global relief of abdominal discomfort, did not show significant differences. The OR for having a defecation frequency above baseline for ≥50% of the time was 1·31 (95% CI 0·98, 1·75), P=0·071, for probiotic treatment overall. Tightening the criteria for being a responder to an increase of ≥1 d/week for ≥50 % of the time resulted in an OR of 1·55 (95% CI 1·22, 1·96), P=0·0003, for treatment overall. A treatment effect on average defecation frequency was found (P=0·0065), with the frequency being significantly higher compared with placebo at all weeks for probiotic treatment overall (all PEffects on defecation frequency were similar for the two doses tested, suggesting that a ceiling effect was reached with the one billion dose. Overall, 4 weeks' supplementation with the probiotic strain BB-12® resulted in a clinically relevant benefit on defecation frequency. The results suggest that consumption of BB-12® improves the GI health of individuals whose symptoms are not sufficiently severe to consult a doctor (ISRCTN18128385).

  14. Efficacy and safety of bilastine in Japanese patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group phase II/III study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hide, Michihiro; Yagami, Akiko; Togawa, Michinori; Saito, Akihiro; Furue, Masutaka

    2017-04-01

    Bilastine, a novel non-sedating second-generation H1-antihistamine, has been widely used in the treatment of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and urticaria with a recommended dose of 20 mg once daily in most European countries since 2010. We evaluated its efficacy and safety in Japanese patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). We conducted a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II/III study (trial registration No. JapicCTI-142574). Patients (age, 18-74 years) were randomly assigned to receive bilastine 20 mg, 10 mg or placebo once daily for 2 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change from baseline (Day -3 to 0) in total symptom score (TSS) at 2 weeks (Day 8-14), consisting of the itch and rash scores. A total of 304 patients were randomly allocated to bilastine 20 mg (101 patients), bilastine 10 mg (100 patients), and placebo (103 patients). The changes in TSS at 2 weeks were significantly decreased by bilastine 20 mg than did placebo (p < 0.001), demonstrating the superiority of bilastine 20 mg. Bilastine 10 mg also showed a significant difference from placebo (p < 0.001). The TSS changes for the bilastine showed significant improvement from Day 1, and were maintained during the treatment period. The Dermatology Life Quality Index scores were also improved in bilastine than in placebo. The bilastine treatments were safe and well tolerated. Two-week treatment with bilastine (20 or 10 mg) once daily was effective and tolerable in Japanese patients with CSU, demonstrating an early onset of action. Copyright © 2016 Japanese Society of Allergology. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Metric-affine gauge theory of gravity field equations, Noether identities, world spinors, and breaking of dilation invariance

    CERN Document Server

    Hehl, F W; Mielke, E W; Ne'eman, Yuval

    1995-01-01

    In Einstein's gravitational theory, the spacetime is Riemannian, that is, it has vanishing torsion and vanishing nonmetricity (covariant derivative of the metric). In the gauging of the general affine group A(4,R) and of its subgroup GL(4,R in four dimensions, energy-momentum and hypermomentum currents of matter are canonically coupled to the one-form basis and to the connection of a metric-affine spacetime with nonvanishing torsion and nonmetricity, respectively. Fermionic matter can be described in this framework by half-integer representations of the \\overline{SL}(4, R) covering subgroup. We set up a (first-order) Lagrangian formalism and build up the corresponding Noether machinery. For an arbitrary gauge Lagrangian, the three gauge field equations come out in a suggestive Yang-Mills like form. The conservation-type differential identities for energy-momentum and hypermomentum and the corresponding complexes and superpotentials are derived. Limiting cases such as the Einstein-Cartan theory are discussed. ...

  16. Efficacy and safety of rebamipide liquid for chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group phase II study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokota, T; Ogawa, T; Takahashi, S; Okami, K; Fujii, T; Tanaka, K; Iwae, S; Ota, I; Ueda, T; Monden, N; Matsuura, K; Kojima, H; Ueda, S; Sasaki, K; Fujimoto, Y; Hasegawa, Y; Beppu, T; Nishimori, H; Hirano, S; Naka, Y; Matsushima, Y; Fujii, M; Tahara, M

    2017-05-05

    Recent preclinical and phase I studies have reported that rebamipide decreased the severity of chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis in patients with oral cancer. This placebo-controlled randomized phase II study assessed the clinical benefit of rebamipide in reducing the incidence of severe chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Patients aged 20-75 years with HNC who were scheduled to receive chemoradiotherapy were enrolled. Patients were randomized to receive rebamipide 2% liquid, rebamipide 4% liquid, or placebo. The primary endpoint was the incidence of grade ≥ 3 oral mucositis determined by clinical examination and assessed by central review according to the Common Terminology Criteria of Adverse Events version 3.0. Secondary endpoints were the time to onset of grade ≥ 3 oral mucositis and the incidence of functional impairment (grade ≥ 3) based on the evaluation by the Oral Mucositis Evaluation Committee. From April 2014 to August 2015, 97 patients with HNC were enrolled, of whom 94 received treatment. The incidence of grade ≥ 3 oral mucositis was 29% and 25% in the rebamipide 2% and 4% groups, respectively, compared with 39% in the placebo group. The proportion of patients who did not develop grade ≥ 3 oral mucositis by day 50 of treatment was 57.9% in the placebo group, whereas the proportion was 68.0% in the rebamipide 2% group and 71.3% in the rebamipide 4% group. The incidences of adverse events potentially related to the study drug were 16%, 26%, and 13% in the placebo, rebamipide 2%, and rebamipide 4% groups, respectively. There was no significant difference in treatment compliance among the groups. The present phase II study suggests that mouth washing with rebamipide may be effective and safe for patients with HNC receiving chemoradiotherapy, and 4% liquid is the optimal dose of rebamipide. ClinicalTrials.gov under the identifier NCT02085460 (the date of trial registration: March

  17. Study on "double dawn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘次沅; 李建科; 周晓陆

    1999-01-01

    The ancient record, "During the first year of King Yi, the day dawned twice at Zheng", has provided important clues to early Chinese chronicles. The astronomical conditions and visible area distributions related to such a "double dawn" event are discussed, and the precision and current problems in the calculations of ancient astronomical phenomena are shown. On such a basis, all the solar eclipses from 1000 BC to 840 BC are calculated and their associated "double dawn" features investigated. The conclusion that the "double dawn" was a solar eclipse occurring on April 21st, 899 BC is corfirmed to be the most reasonable.

  18. The search for neutrinoless double beta decay

    CERN Document Server

    Gomez-Cadenas, J J; Mezzetto, M; Monrabal, F; Sorel, M

    2011-01-01

    In the last few years the search for neutrinoless double beta decay has evolved from being almost a marginal activity in neutrino physics to one of the highest priorities for understanding neutrinos and the origin of mass. There are two main reasons for this paradigm shift: the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which clearly established the existence of massive neutrinos; and the existence of an unconfirmed, but not refuted, claim of evidence for neutrinoless double decay in 76Ge. As a consequence, a new generation of experiments, employing different detection techniques and {\\beta}{\\beta} isotopes, is being actively promoted by experimental groups across the world. In addition, nuclear theorists are making remarkable progress in the calculation of the neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements, thus eliminating a substantial part of the theoretical uncertainties affecting the particle physics interpretation of this process. In this report, we review the main aspects of the double beta decay pro...

  19. Particular boundary condition ensures that a fermion in d=1+5, compactified on a finite disk, manifests d=1+3 as a massless spinor with a charge 1/2, mass protected and chirally coupled to the gauge field

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borstnik, N. M.; Nielsen, Holger Frits Bech

    2008-01-01

    The genuine Kaluza-Klein-like theories-with no fields in addition to gravity-have difficulties with the existence of massless spinors after the compactification of some space dimensions [E. Witten, Nucl. Phys. B 186 (1981) 412; E. Witten, Fermion quantum numbers in Kaluza-Klein theories, Princeton...... Technical Rep. PRINT-83-1056, October 1983]. We proposed in [N.S. Mankoc Borštnik, H.B. Nielsen, Phys. Lett. B 633 (2006) 771, hep-th/0509101; N.S. Mankoc Borštnik, H.B. Nielsen, hep-th/0311037] a boundary condition for spinors in (1+5) compactified on a flat disk that ensures masslessness of spinors (with...... all positive half integer charges) in d=(1+3) as well as their chiral coupling to the corresponding background gauge gravitational field. In this Letter we study the same toy model, proposing a boundary condition allowing a massless spinor of one handedness and only one charge (1/2) and infinitely...

  20. Neutrinoless double beta decay

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kai Zuber

    2012-10-01

    The physics potential of neutrinoless double beta decay is discussed. Furthermore, experimental considerations as well as the current status of experiments are presented. Finally, an outlook towards the future, work on nuclear matrix elements and alternative processes is given.

  1. Double conjoining vas deferens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gravesen, R G

    1980-03-01

    The importance of careful palpation of the scrotal contents and follow-up semen analysis when performing vasectomies is proved by this case report of a double vas deferens conjoining into a single vas.

  2. A randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, phase III study of shortening the dosing interval of subcutaneous tocilizumab monotherapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and an inadequate response to subcutaneous tocilizumab every other week: Results of the 12-week double-blind period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogata, Atsushi; Tanaka, Yoshiya; Ishii, Tomonori; Kaneko, Motohide; Miwa, Hiroko; Ohsawa, Shino

    2017-06-16

    To determine the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous tocilizumab (TCZ-SC) monotherapy every week (qw) versus every other week (q2w) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who had an inadequate response to TCZ-SC q2w. Adult patients in Japan with inadequate response to TCZ-SC q2w were randomized to either TCZ-SC 162 mg qw monotherapy or TCZ-SC 162 mg q2w monotherapy for 12 weeks (double-blind). The primary endpoint was the change from baseline in adjusted Disease Activity Score 28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) at week 12. Efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics were assessed. TCZ-SC qw was superior to TCZ-SC q2w for adjusted mean change in DAS28-ESR from baseline to week 12. The difference in the change in DAS28-ESR between TCZ-SC qw and q2w was -1.21 (95%CI: -2.13, -0.30, p = .0108). A higher proportion of patients receiving TCZ-SC qw achieved DAS28-ESR remission/low disease activity than TCZ-SC q2w. Adverse events were 71.4% and 66.7% for TCZ-SC qw and q2w, respectively; infection was the most common event with one fatal case with TCZ-SC qw. In patients with inadequate response to TCZ-SC q2w, shortening the dosing interval to qw improved efficacy with acceptable tolerability. Occurrence of infection for both TCZ q2w and qw is important and needs careful attention.

  3. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of osmotic-controlled release oral delivery system methylphenidate HCl in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Nagahide; Koh, Tadaishi; Tominaga, Yushin; Saito, Yuki; Kashimoto, Yuji; Matsumura, Taka

    2014-08-01

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of osmotic-controlled release oral delivery system (OROS) methylphenidate (MPH) HCl in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this study, 284 adults with ADHD were randomized to OROS MPH or placebo. During the 4-week titration period, patients were titrated from a starting dose of 18 mg once daily to an individually-optimized dose of up to 72 mg once daily in weekly 18-mg increments. Patients continued on their individualized dose during the 4-week efficacy assessment period. The primary efficacy endpoint was change in DSM-IV Total ADHD Symptoms subscale score of Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale-Observer: Screening Version (CAARS-O:SV) from baseline to endpoint. The mean change in DSM-IV Total ADHD Symptoms subscale score of CAARS-O:SV was significantly larger with OROS MPH compared with placebo (P < 0.0001, ANCOVA). Similar results were observed for the majority of secondary endpoints, including CAARS-O:SV total score and other subscale scores. Although treatment-emergent adverse events were reported more frequently in the OROS MPH group (81.8%) versus the placebo group (53.9%), OROS-MPH showed a well-tolerated safety profile overall. OROS MPH in a dose range of 18-72 mg once daily was effective and well-tolerated in adult patients with ADHD.

  4. Lobeglitazone and pioglitazone as add-ons to metformin for patients with type 2 diabetes: a 24-week, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, active-controlled, phase III clinical trial with a 28-week extension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, S-M; Park, C-Y; Cho, Y M; Ku, B J; Ahn, C W; Cha, B-S; Min, K W; Sung, Y A; Baik, S H; Lee, K W; Yoon, K-H; Lee, M-K; Park, S W

    2015-06-01

    We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of lobeglitazone and pioglitazone as add-ons to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients who were inadequately controlled by metformin were randomized and treated once daily with either lobeglitazone (0.5 mg, n = 128) or pioglitazone (15 mg, n = 125) for 24 weeks, with a 28-week extension trial of lobeglitazone treatment in patients who consented. The primary endpoint was the change in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) concentration from baseline to week 24. At week 24, the mean change from baseline in HbA1c was -0.74% for the lobeglitazone group and -0.74% for the pioglitazone group, with a mean difference of 0.01% [95% confidence interval (CI) of difference, -0.16 to 0.18]. The effects of lobeglitazone on lipid variables and the adverse events associated with lobeglitazone were similar to those observed with pioglitazone. Lobeglitazone was not inferior to pioglitazone as an add-on to metformin in terms of their efficacy and safety.

  5. Effects of Tamsulosin and Tolterodine on double J stent?related symptoms: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmoudreza Moradi; Hossein Abdi; Sina Ebrahimi; Haress Rezaee; Kaveh Kaseb

    2017-01-01

    Background: Ureteral double J stent are routinely applied for urologic patients although stent-related symptoms are common. Several attempts have been reported to minimize these symptoms. Objective: To compare Tolterodine, Tamsulosin, and placebo effects on double J stent–related symptoms. Material and method: In all, 125 patients (82 males and 43 females) with double J stent were randomly divided into three groups (group 1, n: 42, group2, n: 40 and group 3, n: 43). Each patient randomly rece...

  6. Cure of Helicobacter pylori-positive active duodenal ulcer patients: a double-blind, multicentre, 12-month study comparing a two-week dual vs a one-week triple therapy. GISU (Interdisciplinary Group for Ulcer Study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Mario, F; Battaglia, F; Dal Bò, N; Leandro, G; Benedetti, E; Bottona, E; Caroli, A; Costan-Biedo, F; De Bastiani, R; Germanà, B; Andrea Grassi, S; Madia, D; Marcon, V; Marin, R; Monica, F; Olivieri, P; Orzes, N; Pilotto, A; Ronzani, G; Saggioro, A; Tafner, G

    2000-03-01

    To compare a two-week dual therapy to a one-week triple therapy for the healing of duodenal ulcer and the eradication of the Helicobacter pylori infection. A total of 165 patients with active duodenal ulcer were enrolled in the study. At entry, endoscopy, clinical examination and laboratory tests were performed. Histology and the rapid urease test were used to diagnose Helicobacter pylori infection. Patients received either lansoprazole 30 mg plus amoxycillin 1 g bid for two weeks (two-week, dual therapy) or lansoprazole 30 mg plus amoxycillin 1 g plus tinidazole 500 mg bid for one week plus lansoprazole qd for an additional week (one-week, triple therapy). Two and twelve months after cessation of therapy, endoscopy and clinical assessments were repeated. Duodenal ulcer healing and Helicobacter pylori eradication were both significantly greater (p<0.0001) in the triple therapy group (healing: 98.6%; Helicobacter pylori cure rate: 72.6%) than in the dual therapy group (healing: 77.3%; Helicobacter pylori cure rate: 33.3%). Ulcers healed more frequently in Helicobacter pyloricured than in Helicobacter pylori-not cured patients (94.9% vs. 77.2%; p<0.0022). After one year, Helicobacter pylori eradication was re-confirmed in 46/58 patients previously treated with the triple therapy and in 10/40 patients treated with the dual therapy [p<0.0001]. Only three duodenal ulcer relapses were observed throughout follow-up: all were in Helicobacter pylori-not cured patients. Triple therapy was more effective than dual both in curing Helicobacter pylori infection and healing active duodenal ulcers. The speed of ulcer healing obtained after only 7 days of antibiotics and 14 days of proton pump inhibitors confirmed that longer periods of anti ulcer therapy were not necessary. Helicobacter pylori -not cured patients had more slowly healing ulcers which were more apt to relapse when left untreated.

  7. A multi-center, double-blind, randomized, parallel group study to evaluate the effects of two different doses of losartan on morbidity and mortality in Chinese patients with symptomatic heart failure intolerant of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor t%A multi-center, double-blind, randomized, parallel group study to evaluate the effects of two different doses of losartan on morbidity and mortality in Chinese patients with symptomatic heart failure intolerant of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Da-yi; HUANG Jun; CAI Nai-sheng; ZHU Wen-ling; LI Yi-shi; Rachid Massaad; Mary E.Hanson; Kenneth Dickstein

    2012-01-01

    Background There have been no mortality/morbidity endpoint studies with losartan in Chinese heart failure patients.The objective was to evaluate the effects of high-dose vs.low-dose losartan on clinical outcomes in Chinese subjects with heart failure.Methods This study was a post hoc analysis of the Heart failure Endpoint evaluation of Angiotensin Ⅱ Antagonist losartan (HEAAL)trial (n=545).Chinese adults with symptomatic heart failure (New York Heart Association (NYHA) Ⅱ-Ⅳ)intolerant of treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors were randomized to losartan 150 mg or 50 mg daily.The primary endpoint was the composite event rate of all-cause death or hospitalization for heart failure.Safety and tolerability were assessed.Results Median follow-up was 4.8 years.Baseline characteristics were generally similar to the overall HEAAL cohort.Overall,120 (44.1%) subjects in the losartan 150 mg group and 137 (50.2%) subjects in the losartan 50 mg group died (any cause) or were hospitalized for heart failure (hazard ratio (OR) 0.807,95% CI0.631-1.031).There were no notable differences between treatment groups in the proportion of subjects with adverse experiences.Conclusion The results of this post hoc analysis in Chinese subjects,although not powered to show significance,were generally consistent with the main study results,which demonstrated a significantly reduced risk of all cause death or hospitalization for heart failure with daily losartan 150 mg vs.losartan 50 mg in subjects with symptomatic heart failure and intolerance to ACE inhibitors,supporting the use of the higher dose for optimum clinical benefit.

  8. How I treat double-hit lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedberg, Jonathan W

    2017-08-03

    The 2016 revision of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification for lymphoma has included a new category of lymphoma, separate from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, termed high-grade B-cell lymphoma with translocations involving myc and bcl-2 or bcl-6. These lymphomas, which occur in <10% of cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, have been referred to as double-hit lymphomas (or triple-hit lymphomas if all 3 rearrangements are present). It is important to differentiate these lymphomas from the larger group of double-expressor lymphomas, which have increased expression of MYC and BCL-2 and/or BCL-6 by immunohistochemistry, by using variable cutoff percentages to define positivity. Patients with double-hit lymphomas have a poor prognosis when treated with standard chemoimmunotherapy and have increased risk of central nervous system involvement and progression. Double-hit lymphomas may arise as a consequence of the transformation of the underlying indolent lymphoma. There are no published prospective trials in double-hit lymphoma, however retrospective studies strongly suggest that aggressive induction regimens may confer a superior outcome. In this article, I review my approach to the evaluation and treatment of double-hit lymphoma, with an eye toward future clinical trials incorporating rational targeted agents into the therapeutic armamentarium. © 2017 by The American Society of Hematology.

  9. Measurement in the de Broglie-Bohm Interpretation: Double-Slit, Stern-Gerlach, and EPR-B

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Gondran

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose a pedagogical presentation of measurement in the de Broglie-Bohm interpretation. In this heterodox interpretation, the position of a quantum particle exists and is piloted by the phase of the wave function. We show how this position explains determinism and realism in the three most important experiments of quantum measurement: double-slit, Stern-Gerlach, and EPR-B. First, we demonstrate the conditions in which the de Broglie-Bohm interpretation can be assumed to be valid through continuity with classical mechanics. Second, we present a numerical simulation of the double-slit experiment performed by Jönsson in 1961 with electrons. It demonstrates the continuity between classical mechanics and quantum mechanics. Third, we present an analytic expression of the wave function in the Stern-Gerlach experiment. This explicit solution requires the calculation of a Pauli spinor with a spatial extension. This solution enables us to demonstrate the decoherence of the wave function and the three postulates of quantum measurement. Finally, we study the Bohm version of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiment. Its theoretical resolution in space and time shows that a causal interpretation exists where each atom has a position and a spin.

  10. Project Half Double

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ehlers, Michael; Adland, Karoline Thorp; Boston, Nicolai Elborough

    Project Half Double has a clear mission to succeed in finding a project methodology that can increase the success rate of our projects while increasing the speed at which we generate new ideas and develop new products and services. Chaos and complexity should be seen as a basic condition...... and as an opportunity rather than a threat and a risk. We are convinced that by doing so, we can strengthen Denmark’s competitiveness and play an important role in the battle for jobs and future welfare. The overall goal is to deliver “projects in half the time with double the impact”, where projects in half the time...... should be understood as half the time to impact (benefit realisation, effect is achieved) and not as half the time for project execution. The purpose of Project Half Double is to improve Danish industrial competitiveness by radically increasing the pace and impact of the development and innovation...

  11. Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 203, Revision 1 (FGE.203Rev1: α,β-Unsaturated aliphatic aldehydes and precursors from chemical subgroup 1.1.4 of FGE.19 with two or more conjugated double-bonds and with or without additional non-conjugated double-bonds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids of the European Food Safety Authority was requested to evaluate the genotoxic potential of flavouring substances from subgroup 1.1.4 of FGE.19 in the Flavouring Group Evaluation 203, Revision 1 (FGE.203Rev1. The Flavour Industry has provided additional genotoxicity studies for one representative substance in FGE.203, namely 2,4-decadienal [FL-no: 05.140]. Based on the available data, on newly submitted studies and on the scientific evidence from the literature, the Panel concluded that the genotoxic potential cannot be ruled out for the flavouring substances in this FGE.

  12. Double arch mirror study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vukobratovich, D.; Hillman, D.

    1983-01-01

    The development of a method of mounting light weight glass mirrors for astronomical telescopes compatible with the goals of the Shuttle Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF) was investigated. A 20 in. diameter double arch lightweight mirror previously fabricated was modified to use a new mount configuration. This mount concept was developed and fabricated. The mounting concept of the double mounting mirror is outlined. The modifications made to the mirror, fabrication of the mirror mount, and room temperature testing of the mirror and mount and the extension of the mirror and mount concept to a full size (40 in. diameter) primary mirror for SIRTF are discussed.

  13. John Deakin: Double Exposures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Rousseau

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this series of short films made by Jonathan Law, the art historian James Boaden, and the curator of The John Deakin Archive, Paul Rousseau, discuss the double-exposure images made by the photographer John Deakin (1912-1972 in the 1950s and 1960s. The films ask you, firstly, to look closely at the images being discussed. Each one begins with a sustained and intense shot of a single image before opening up to a wide-ranging discussion about Deakin, double exposures, and photography.

  14. Double Beta Decay

    CERN Document Server

    Elliott, Steven R

    2011-01-01

    At least one neutrino has a mass of about 50 meV or larger. However, the absolute mass scale for the neutrino remains unknown. Furthermore, the critical question: Is the neutrino its own antiparticle? is unanswered. Studies of double beta decay offer hope for determining the absolute mass scale. In particular, zero-neutrino double beta decay (\\BBz) can address the issues of lepton number conservation, the particle-antiparticle nature of the neutrino, and its mass. A summary of the recent results in \\BBz, and the related technologies will be discussed in the context of the future \\BBz\\ program.

  15. Double-helix stellarator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moroz, P.E.

    1997-09-01

    A new stellarator configuration, the Double-Helix Stellarator (DHS), is introduced. This novel configuration features a double-helix center post as the only helical element of the stellarator coil system. The DHS configuration has many unique characteristics. One of them is the extreme low plasma aspect ratio, A {approx} 1--1.2. Other advantages include a high enclosed volume, appreciable rotational transform, and a possibility of extreme-high-{beta} MHD equilibria. Moreover, the DHS features improved transport characteristics caused by the absence of the magnetic field ripple on the outboard of the torus. Compactness, simplicity and modularity of the coil system add to the DHS advantages for fusion applications.

  16. Project Half Double

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svejvig, Per; Gerstrøm, Anna; Frederiksen, Signe Hedeboe

    The Half Double mission: Project Half Double has a clear mission. We want to succeed in finding a project methodology that can increase the success rate of our projects while increasing the development speed of new products and services. We are convinced that by doing so we can strengthen...... projects and to document their development. The purpose of this addendum is thus to document the development in the pilot projects from June 2016 to January 2017 with particular focus on the impact they have created. This Addendum is a supplement and should be read in conjunction with the Phase 1 report...

  17. Reflection Positive Doubles

    CERN Document Server

    Jaffe, Arthur

    2016-01-01

    Here we introduce reflection positive doubles, a general framework for reflection positivity, covering a wide variety of systems in statistical physics and quantum field theory. These systems may be bosonic, fermionic, or parafermionic in nature. Within the framework of reflection positive doubles, we give necessary and sufficient conditions for reflection positivity. We use a reflection-invariant cone to implement our construction. Our characterization allows for a direct interpretation in terms of coupling constants, making it easy to check in concrete situations. We illustrate our methods with numerous examples.

  18. Gauge symmetry, T-duality and doubled geometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hull, C.M. [Imperial College London (United Kingdom). Inst. for Mathematical Sciences]|[Imperial College London (United Kingdom). Blackett Laboratory; Reid-Edwards, R.A. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik]|[Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)

    2007-11-15

    String compactifications with T-duality twists are revisited and the gauge algebra of the dimensionally reduced theories calculated. These reductions can be viewed as string theory on T-fold backgrounds, and can be formulated in a 'doubled space' in which each circle is supplemented by a T-dual circle to construct a geometry which is a doubled torus bundle over a circle. We discuss a conjectured extension to include T-duality on the base circle, and propose the introduction of a dual base coordinate, to give a doubled space which is locally the group manifold of the gauge group. Special cases include those in which the doubled group is a Drinfel'd double. This gives a framework to discuss backgrounds that are not even locally geometric. (orig.)

  19. Gauge Symmetry, T-Duality and Doubled Geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Hull, C M

    2008-01-01

    String compactifications with T-duality twists are revisited and the gauge algebra of the dimensionally reduced theories calculated. These reductions can be viewed as string theory on T-fold backgrounds, and can be formulated in a `doubled space' in which each circle is supplemented by a T-dual circle to construct a geometry which is a doubled torus bundle over a circle. We discuss a conjectured extension to include T-duality on the base circle, and propose the introduction of a dual base coordinate, to give a doubled space which is locally the group manifold of the gauge group. Special cases include those in which the doubled group is a Drinfel'd double. This gives a framework to discuss backgrounds that are not even locally geometric.

  20. 光学格点中玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚的自旋孤子%Solitons of spinor Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical lattice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢元栋

    2007-01-01

    An improved nonlinear equation different from usual and an improved soliton solution of spinor Bose-Einstein condensates (BES) in an optical lattice are obtained by taking into account a nonlinear term in the equation of motion for probability amplitude of spins carefully. The width,peak and energy of soliton are also found.%得到了一个有关光学格点中的玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚的改进的非线性薛定谔方程,并且通过仔细考察自旋概率幅方程的高阶非线性项,求得了一个改进孤子解.并求出了孤子的宽度、峰值和能量.

  1. Double-layered Aurivillius-type ferroelectrics with magnetic moments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Missyul, A. B.; Zvereva, I. A.; Palstra, T. T. M.; Kurbakov, A. I.

    2010-01-01

    We have synthesized the double-layer Aurivillius phase Bi(2)LnNbTiO(9) where Ln = Nd-Gd, Bi. All compounds adopt the orthorhombic polar space group A2(I)am. The magnetic Ln-ion occupies the cuboctahedral position in the middle of the perovskite double-layer, and thus controls the octahedral tilt of

  2. Photometry of Faint and Wide Doubles in Vulpecula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, Wilfried; Thuemen, Chris

    2016-04-01

    Images of several double stars in Vulpecula published on the "Double Star Imaging Project" Yahoo Group page suggest magnitude issues compared with the corresponding WDS catalog data per April 2015. Taking additional images with V-filter enabled photometry for these pairs, providing confirming results.

  3. Double pituitary adenomas: six surgical cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sano, T; Horiguchi, H; Xu, B; Li, C; Hino, A; Sakaki, M; Kannuki, S; Yamada, S

    1999-05-01

    While double pituitary adenomas have been found in approximately 1% of autopsy pituitaries, those in surgically resected material have been only rarely reported. We report herein 6 cases of double pituitary adenomas, which consisted of two histologically and/or immunohistochemically different areas among approximately 450 surgical specimens. Five out of 6 patients were men and the age was ranged between 18 and 61 years old. All these 6 patients presented acromegaly or acrogigantism and hyperprolactinemia was noted in 3 patients. In 2 patients (cases 1 and 2) the two adenomas belonged to different adenoma groups (GH-PRL-TSH group and FSH/LH group), while in the remaining 4 patients (cases 3-6) the two adenomas belonged to the same group (GH-PRL-TSH group). Thus, in all patients at least one of the two adenomas was GH-producing adenoma. Reasons for a high incidence of GH-producing adenomas in surgically resected double pituitary adenomas may include the presence of a variety of histologic subtypes among GH-producing adenomas and the advantage of cytokeratin immunostaining to distinguish these subtypes. In regard to pathogenesis of double pituitary adenomas, adenomas in cases 1 and 2 may be of multicentric occurrence, while those in cases 3-6 may occur through different clonal proliferation within originally one adenoma, resulting in diverse phenotypic expressions. Since there were patients with familial MEN 1 (case 2) and familial pituitary adenoma unrelated MEN 1 (case 3), genetic background should be also considered. Double pituitary adenomas in surgically resected material may not be so infrequent. Further molecular analysis will provide new insights into understanding the pathogenesis of pituitary adenomas and their mechanisms of multidirectional phenotypic diffrentiation.

  4. A matterless double slit

    CERN Document Server

    King, B; Keitel, C H; 10.1038/nphoton.2009.261

    2013-01-01

    Double-slits provide incoming photons with a choice. Those that survive the passage have chosen from two possible paths which interfere to distribute them in a wave-like manner. Such wave-particle duality continues to be challenged and investigated in a broad range of disciplines with electrons, neutrons, helium atoms, C60 fullerenes, Bose-Einstein condensates and biological molecules. All variants have hitherto involved material constituents. We present a matterless double-slit scenario in which photons generated from virtual electron-positron pair annihilation in head-on collisions of a probe laser field with two ultra-intense laser beams form a double-slit interference pattern. Such electromagnetic fields are predicted to induce material-like behaviour in the vacuum, supporting elastic scattering between photons. Our double-slit scenario presents on the one hand a realisable method to observe photon-photon scattering, and demonstrates on the other, the possibility of both controlling light with light and n...

  5. The Double Nine Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    THE Double Nine Festival,which falls on theninth day of the ninth lunar month,is anancient tradition among Han Chinese.TheBook of Changes,a famous classic in ancient China,designates the number 9 as yang(the masculine orpositive principle in nature).Thus Double Nine isknown as Chongyang in Chinese,meaning doubleyang.In The Western Capital Miscellancy,Ge Hong(281-341)of the Eastern Jin Dynasty described onetraditional custom of the Western Han Dynasty (206B.C.-A.D.24):″Wearing medicinal comel (Cornusofficinalis),eating double yang cake and drinking chry-santhemum wine on the ninth day of the ninth lunarmonth all help to prolong life.″Therefore the DoubleNine Festival is also celebrated as a festival for the old.People often wear medicinal cornel and climb to ahigh place to drink chrysanthemum wine.The customcomes from a legend:Huan Jing was a student ofnecromancer Fei Changfang in the Eastern Han Dy-nasty (25-220). One day Fei warned Huan that thelatter’s family was in danger of suffering a diaster ont

  6. Chaotic period doubling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chandramouli, V. V. M. S.; Martens, M.; De Melo, W.; Tresser, C. P.

    2009-01-01

    The period doubling renormalization operator was introduced by Feigenbaum and by Coullet and Tresser in the 1970s to study the asymptotic small-scale geometry of the attractor of one-dimensional systems that are at the transition from simple to chaotic dynamics. This geometry turns out not to depend

  7. Aristotle and Double Effect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Di Nucci, Ezio

    2014-01-01

    There are some interesting similarities between Aristotle’s ‘mixed actions’ in Book III of the Nicomachean Ethics and the actions often thought to be justifiable with the Doctrine of Double Effect. Here I analyse these similarities by comparing Aristotle’s examples of mixed actions with standard ...

  8. Double-partition Quantum Cluster Algebras

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Hans Plesner; Zhang, Hechun

    2012-01-01

    A family of quantum cluster algebras is introduced and studied. In general, these algebras are new, but sub-classes have been studied previously by other authors. The algebras are indexed by double parti- tions or double flag varieties. Equivalently, they are indexed by broken lines L. By grouping...... together neighboring mutations into quantum line mutations we can mutate from the cluster algebra of one broken line to another. Compatible pairs can be written down. The algebras are equal to their upper cluster algebras. The variables of the quantum seeds are given by elements of the dual canonical basis....

  9. Quantum Computing Using Pulse-Based Electron-Nuclear Double Resonance (endor):. Molecular Spin-Qubits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Kazuo; Nakazawa, Shigeki; Rahimi, Robabeh D.; Nishida, Shinsuke; Ise, Tomoaki; Shimoi, Daisuke; Toyota, Kazuo; Morita, Yasushi; Kitagawa, Masahiro; Carl, Parick; Höfner, Peter; Takui, Takeji

    2009-06-01

    Electrons with the spin quantum number 1/2, as physical qubits, have naturally been anticipated for implementing quantum computing and information processing (QC/QIP). Recently, electron spin-qubit systems in organic molecular frames have emerged as a hybrid spin-qubit system along with a nuclear spin-1/2 qubit. Among promising candidates for QC/QIP from the materials science side, the reasons for why electron spin-qubits such as molecular spin systems, i.e., unpaired electron spins in molecular frames, have potentialities for serving for QC/QIP will be given in the lecture (Chapter), emphasizing what their advantages or disadvantages are entertained and what technical and intrinsic issues should be dealt with for the implementation of molecular-spin quantum computers in terms of currently available spin manipulation technology such as pulse-based electron-nuclear double resonance (pulsed or pulse ENDOR) devoted to QC/QIP. Firstly, a general introduction and introductory remarks to pulsed ENDOR spectroscopy as electron-nuclear spin manipulation technology is given. Super dense coding (SDC) experiments by the use of pulsed ENDOR are also introduced to understand differentiating QC ENDOR from QC NMR based on modern nuclear spin technology. Direct observation of the spinor inherent in an electron spin, detected for the first time, will be shown in connection with the entanglement of an electron-nuclear hybrid system. Novel microwave spin manipulation technology enabling us to deal with genuine electron-electron spin-qubit systems in the molecular frame will be introduced, illustrating, from the synthetic strategy of matter spin-qubits, a key-role of the molecular design of g-tensor/hyperfine-(A-)tensor molecular engineering for QC/QIP. Finally, important technological achievements of recently-emerging CD ELDOR (Coherent-Dual ELectron-electron DOuble Resonance) spin technology enabling us to manipulate electron spin-qubits are described.

  10. Flavor from the double tetrahedral group without supersymmetry

    CERN Document Server

    Carone, Christopher D; Vasquez, Savannah

    2016-01-01

    We consider a class of flavor models proposed by Aranda, Carone and Lebed, relaxing the assumption of supersymmetry and allowing the flavor scale to float anywhere between the weak and Planck scales. We perform global fits to the charged fermion masses and CKM angles, and consider the dependence of the results on the unknown mass scale of the flavor sector. We find that the typical Yukawa textures in these models provide a good description of the data over a wide range of flavor scales, with a preference for those that approach the lower bounds allowed by flavor-changing-neutral-current constraints. Nevertheless, the possibility that the flavor scale and Planck scale are identified remains viable. We present models that demonstrate how the assumed textures can arise most simply in a non-supersymmetric framework.

  11. Double-Skin Facade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalyanova, Olena

    difficulties experienced by scientists when attempting to model DSF thermal and energy performance were examined. In addition, the lack of experimental studies and empirical validation of models was realized, many numerical models have not been empirically validated and most of them require an expert knowledge...... IEA Annex 34/43, subtask E "Double-Skin Facade". The results of empirical validation are discussed in this work. Discussion and analysis of experimental results is carried out. It has lead to hypothesis of recirculation flow phenomenon in the DSF cavity. Finally, a suggestion of a new numerical model......Double-Skin Facades (DSF) are gaining popularity that, in fact, appears to be independent from sturdy critics of the concept in the past years. DSF buildings are being built in Europe and worldwide, DSF concept is being taught at schools of architecture and fully glazed office buildings are being...

  12. Algebra of Majorana doubling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jaehoon; Wilczek, Frank

    2013-11-27

    Motivated by the problem of identifying Majorana mode operators at junctions, we analyze a basic algebraic structure leading to a doubled spectrum. For general (nonlinear) interactions the emergent mode creation operator is highly nonlinear in the original effective mode operators, and therefore also in the underlying electron creation and destruction operators. This phenomenon could open up new possibilities for controlled dynamical manipulation of the modes. We briefly compare and contrast related issues in the Pfaffian quantum Hall state.

  13. Double Cortex Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    The incidence of mutations in the X-linked gene doublecortin in patients with “double cortex” syndrome (DC; also called subcortical band heterotopia or laminar heterotopia) and familial DC with lissencephaly was investigated in a cohort of 8 pedigrees and 47 sporadic patients with DC examined at the Division of Neurogenics, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, and multiple centers in the US and abroad.

  14. Twisted quantum doubles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daijiro Fukuda

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Using diagrammatic pictures of tensor contractions, we consider a Hopf algebra (Aop⊗ℛλA** twisted by an element ℛλ∈A*⊗Aop corresponding to a Hopf algebra morphism λ:A→A. We show that this Hopf algebra is quasitriangular with the universal R-matrix coming from ℛλ when λ2=idA, generalizing the quantum double construction which corresponds to the case λ=idA.

  15. Double-Glazing Interferometry

    OpenAIRE

    Toal, Vincent; Mihaylova, Emilia

    2009-01-01

    This note describes how white light interference fringes can be seen by observing the Moon through a double-glazed window. White light interferometric fringes are normally observed only in a well-aligned interferometer whose optical path difference is less than the coherence length of the light source, which is approximately one micrometer for white light. Obtaining such fringes in a Michelson interferometer is not a trivial task.1 The interferometer is typically illuminated with a monochroma...

  16. On group properties and reality conditions of UOSp(1|2) gauge transformations

    CERN Document Server

    Ilyenko, Kostyantyn

    2008-01-01

    For osp(1|2;C) graded Lie algebra, which proper Lie subalgebra is su(2), we consider the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula and formulate a reality condition for the Grassmann-odd transformation parameters that multiply the pair of odd generators of the graded Lie algebra. Utilization of su(2)-spinors clarifies the nature of Grassmann-odd transformation parameters and allow us an investigation of the corresponding infinitesimal gauge transformations. We also explore action of the corresponding group element of UOSp(1|2) on an appropriately graded representation space and find that the graded generalization of hermitian conjugation is compatible with the Dirac adjoint. Consistency of generalized (graded) unitary condition with the proposed reality condition is shown.

  17. Double pendulum contact problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Špička J.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The work concerns contact problems focused on biomechanical systems modelled by a multibody approach. The example is modelling of impact between a body and an infrastructure. The paper firstly presents algorithm for minimum distance calculation. An analytical approach using a tangential plain perpendicular to an initial one is applied. Contact force generated during impact is compared by three different continuous force models, namely the Hertz’s model, the spring-dashpot model and the non-linear damping model. In order to identify contact parameters of these particular models, the method of numerical optimization is used. Purpose of this method is to find the most corresponding results of numerical simulation to the original experiment. Numerical optimization principle is put upon a bouncing ball example for the purpose of evaluation of desirable contact force parameters. The contact modelling is applied to a double pendulum problem. The equation of motion of the double pendulum system is derived using Lagrange equation of the second kind with multipliers, respecting the contact phenomena. Applications in biomechanical research are hinted at arm gravity motion and a double pendulum impact example.

  18. What is Double Parton Scattering?

    CERN Document Server

    Manohar, Aneesh V

    2012-01-01

    Processes such as double Drell-Yan and same-sign WW production have contributions from double parton scattering, which are not well-defined because of a delta(z_\\perp=0) singularity that is generated by QCD evolution. We study the single and double parton contributions to these processes, and show how to handle the singularity using factorization and operator renormalization.

  19. Colloidal Double Quantum Dots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teitelboim, Ayelet; Meir, Noga; Kazes, Miri; Oron, Dan

    2016-05-17

    Pairs of coupled quantum dots with controlled coupling between the two potential wells serve as an extremely rich system, exhibiting a plethora of optical phenomena that do not exist in each of the isolated constituent dots. Over the past decade, coupled quantum systems have been under extensive study in the context of epitaxially grown quantum dots (QDs), but only a handful of examples have been reported with colloidal QDs. This is mostly due to the difficulties in controllably growing nanoparticles that encapsulate within them two dots separated by an energetic barrier via colloidal synthesis methods. Recent advances in colloidal synthesis methods have enabled the first clear demonstrations of colloidal double quantum dots and allowed for the first exploratory studies into their optical properties. Nevertheless, colloidal double QDs can offer an extended level of structural manipulation that allows not only for a broader range of materials to be used as compared with epitaxially grown counterparts but also for more complex control over the coupling mechanisms and coupling strength between two spatially separated quantum dots. The photophysics of these nanostructures is governed by the balance between two coupling mechanisms. The first is via dipole-dipole interactions between the two constituent components, leading to energy transfer between them. The second is associated with overlap of excited carrier wave functions, leading to charge transfer and multicarrier interactions between the two components. The magnitude of the coupling between the two subcomponents is determined by the detailed potential landscape within the nanocrystals (NCs). One of the hallmarks of double QDs is the observation of dual-color emission from a single nanoparticle, which allows for detailed spectroscopy of their properties down to the single particle level. Furthermore, rational design of the two coupled subsystems enables one to tune the emission statistics from single photon

  20. Adalimumab added to a treat-to-target strategy with methotrexate and intra-articular triamcinolone in early rheumatoid arthritis increased remission rates, function and quality of life. The OPERA Study: an investigator-initiated, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hørslev-Petersen, Kim; Hetland, Merete Lund; Junker, Peter; Pødenphant, Jan; Ellingsen, Torkell; Ahlquist, Palle; Lindegaard, Hanne; Linauskas, Asta; Schlemmer, Annette; Dam, Mette Yde; Hansen, Ib; Horn, Hans Christian; Ammitzbøll, Christian Gytz; Jørgensen, Anette; Krintel, Sophine B; Raun, Johnny; Johansen, Julia S; Østergaard, Mikkel; Stengaard-Pedersen, Kristian

    2014-04-01

    An investigator-initiated, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, treat-to-target protocol (Clinical Trials:NCT00660647) studied whether adalimumab added to methotrexate and intra-articular triamcinolone as first-line treatment in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) increased the frequency of low disease activity (DAS28CRP<3.2) at 12 months. In 14 Danish hospital-based clinics, 180 disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD)-naïve ERA patients (<6 months duration) received methotrexate 7.5 mg/week (increased to 20 mg/week within 2 months) plus adalimumab 40 mg every other week (adalimumab-group, n=89) or methotrexate+placebo-adalimumab (placebo-group, n=91). At all visits, triamcinolone was injected into swollen joints (max. four joints/visit). If low disease activity was not achieved, sulfasalazine 2 g/day and hydroxychloroquine 200 mg/day were added after 3 months, and open-label biologics after 6-9 months. Efficacy was assessed primarily on the proportion of patients who reached treatment target (DAS28CRP<3.2). Secondary endpoints included DAS28CRP, remission, Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), EQ-5D and SF-12. Analysis was by intention-to-treat with last observation carried forward. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. In the adalimumab group/placebo group the 12-month cumulative triamcinolone doses were 5.4/7.0 ml (p=0.08). Triple therapy was applied in 18/27 patients (p=0.17). At 12 months, DAS28CRP<3.2 was reached in 80%/76% (p=0.65) and DAS28CRP was 2.0 (1.7-5.2) (medians (5th/95th percentile ranges)), versus 2.6 (1.7-4.7) (p=0.009). Remission rates were: DAS28CRP<2.6: 74%/49%, Clinical Disease Activity Index≤2.8: 61%/41%, Simplified Disease Activity Index<3.3: 57%/37%, European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology Boolean: 48%/30% (0.0008group. Treatments were well tolerated

  1. Group X

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fields, Susannah

    2007-08-16

    This project is currently under contract for research through the Department of Homeland Security until 2011. The group I was responsible for studying has to remain confidential so as not to affect the current project. All dates, reference links and authors, and other distinguishing characteristics of the original group have been removed from this report. All references to the name of this group or the individual splinter groups has been changed to 'Group X'. I have been collecting texts from a variety of sources intended for the use of recruiting and radicalizing members for Group X splinter groups for the purpose of researching the motivation and intent of leaders of those groups and their influence over the likelihood of group radicalization. This work included visiting many Group X websites to find information on splinter group leaders and finding their statements to new and old members. This proved difficult because the splinter groups of Group X are united in beliefs, but differ in public opinion. They are eager to tear each other down, prove their superiority, and yet remain anonymous. After a few weeks of intense searching, a list of eight recruiting texts and eight radicalizing texts from a variety of Group X leaders were compiled.

  2. Epinephrine enhanced double contrast knee arthrography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jae Mun; Choi, Byung Ihn [Capital Armed Forces General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1981-12-15

    It is well known that double contrast knee arthrography is useful in diagnosis of meniscal lesion and other knee pathology. But intra-articular structures become less well delineated shortly after injection into the knee joint with water soluble contrast media because of rapid absorption and dilution of the injected media. This limits the time when sharply detailed arthrograms are obtained and precludes repeat delayed arthrogram without reinjection of contrast media. In order to overcome this major disadvantage, the authors used epinephrine which has vasoconstrictive effect and is expected to reduce fluid movement across the synovial membrane temporarily. The authors attempted to compare epinephrine enhanced double contrast arthrographic group, epinephrine (+) group, to the double contrast arthrographic group without epinephrine, epinephrine (-) group, by statistical evaluation. Each group consisted of 35 cases and 7 lateral films of knee joint were taken sequentially 2, 6, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 60 minutes after injection of contrast media, and were assessed by 5 certified radiologist. The results were as follows: 1. The differences of mean score of quality between epinephrine (+) group and epinephrine (-) group was statistically significant at every time interval (p value<0.01 at 2 minutes, p<0.001 at all other time interval). Epinephrine (+) group was superior to the epinephrine (-) group in quality of film. 2. Numbers of cases above score of 2 which was considered to be of diagnostic quality in evaluating meniscal lesions were larger in epinephrine (+) group than epinephrine (-) group at every time interval. And the differences between two groups was highly significant statistically (p,0.001). 3. Only 43% of cases was above score of 2 at 10 minutes in epinephrine (-) group, but 97% at 10 minutes and 80% at 20 minutes respectively in epinephrine (+) group. Therefore duration for adequate study of arthrogram is prolonged more than two times epinephrine (+) group. 4

  3. Epinephrine inhanced double contrast knee arthrography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jae Mun; Choi, Byung Ihn [Capital Armed Forces General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1981-09-15

    It is well known that double contrast knee arthrography is useful in diagnosis of meniscal lesions and other knee pathology. But intra-articular structures become less well delineated shortly after injection into the knee joint with water soluble contrast media because of rapid absorption and dilution of the injected media. This limits the time when sharply detailed arthrograms are obtainable and precludes repeat delayed arthrogram without reinjection of contrast media. In order to overcome this major disadvantage, the authors used epinephrine which has vasoconstrictive effect and is expected to reduce fluid movement across the synovial membrane temporarily. The authors attempted to compare epinephrine inhanced double contrast arthrographic group, epinephrine(+) group, to the double contrast arthrographic group without epinephrine, epinephrine(-) group, by statistical evaluation. Each group consisted of 35 cases and 7 lateral films of knee joint were taken sequentially 2, 6, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 60 minutes after injection of contrast media, and were assessed by 5 certified radiologists. The results were as follows: 1. The difference of mean score of quality between epinephrine(+) group and epinephrine(-) group was statistically significant at every time interval ({rho} value < 0.01 at 2 minutes, {rho} < 0.001 at all other time intervals). Epinephrine(+) group was superior to the epinephrine(-) group in quality of film. 2. Numbers of cases above score of 2 which was considered to be of diagnostic quality in evaluating meniscal lesions were larger in epinephrine(+) group than epinephrine(-) group at every time interval. And the difference between two groups was highly significant statistically ({rho} < 0.001). 3. Only 43% of cases was above score of 2 at 10 minutes in epinephrine(-) group, but 97% at 10 minutes and 80% at 20 minutes respectively in epinephrine(+) group. Therefore duration for adequate study of arthrogram is prolonged more than two times in epinephrine

  4. Group morphology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roerdink, Jos B.T.M.

    2000-01-01

    In its original form, mathematical morphology is a theory of binary image transformations which are invariant under the group of Euclidean translations. This paper surveys and extends constructions of morphological operators which are invariant under a more general group TT, such as the motion group

  5. The Double Star mission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available The Double Star Programme (DSP was first proposed by China in March, 1997 at the Fragrant Hill Workshop on Space Science, Beijing, organized by the Chinese Academy of Science. It is the first mission in collaboration between China and ESA. The mission is made of two spacecraft to investigate the magnetospheric global processes and their response to the interplanetary disturbances in conjunction with the Cluster mission. The first spacecraft, TC-1 (Tan Ce means "Explorer", was launched on 29 December 2003, and the second one, TC-2, on 25 July 2004 on board two Chinese Long March 2C rockets. TC-1 was injected in an equatorial orbit of 570x79000 km altitude with a 28° inclination and TC-2 in a polar orbit of 560x38000 km altitude. The orbits have been designed to complement the Cluster mission by maximizing the time when both Cluster and Double Star are in the same scientific regions. The two missions allow simultaneous observations of the Earth magnetosphere from six points in space. To facilitate the comparison of data, half of the Double Star payload is made of spare or duplicates of the Cluster instruments; the other half is made of Chinese instruments. The science operations are coordinated by the Chinese DSP Scientific Operations Centre (DSOC in Beijing and the European Payload Operations Service (EPOS at RAL, UK. The spacecraft and ground segment operations are performed by the DSP Operations and Management Centre (DOMC and DSOC in China, using three ground station, in Beijing, Shanghai and Villafranca.

  6. Efficacy and safety of monotherapy with the novel sodium/glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor tofogliflozin in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a combined Phase 2 and 3 randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaku, Kohei; Watada, Hirotaka; Iwamoto, Yasuhiko; Utsunomiya, Kazunori; Terauchi, Yasuo; Tobe, Kazuyuki; Tanizawa, Yukio; Araki, Eiichi; Ueda, Masamichi; Suganami, Hideki; Watanabe, Daisuke

    2014-03-28

    In recent years, several oral antidiabetic drugs with new mechanisms of action have become available, expanding the number of treatment options. Sodium/glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a new class of oral antidiabetic drugs with an insulin-independent mechanism promoting urinary glucose excretion. We report the results of a combined Phase 2 and 3 clinical study (Japic CTI-101349) of the SGLT2 inhibitor tofogliflozin (CSG452, RG7201) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The efficacy and safety of tofogliflozin were assessed in this multicenter, placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind parallel-group study involving 230 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with inadequate glycemic control on diet/exercise therapy. Between 30 October 2010 and 28 February 2012, patients at 33 centers were randomized to either placebo (n = 56) or tofogliflozin (10, 20, or 40 mg; n = 58 each) orally, once daily for 24 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change from baseline in HbA1c at week 24. Overall, 229 patients were included in the full analysis set (placebo: n = 56; tofogliflozin 10 mg: n = 57; tofogliflozin 20 and 40 mg: n = 58 each). The least squares (LS) mean change (95% confidence interval) from baseline in HbA1c at week 24 was -0.028% (-0.192 to 0.137) in the placebo group, compared with -0.797% (-0.960 to -0.634) in the tofogliflozin 10 mg group, -1.017% (-1.178 to -0.856) in the tofogliflozin 20 mg group, and -0.870% (-1.031 to -0.709) in the tofogliflozin 40 mg group (p Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Phase 3 studies were recently completed and support the findings of this combined Phase 2 and 3 study. This study was registered in the JAPIC clinical trials registry (ID: Japic CTI-101349).

  7. A Biochemical Double Slit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kominis, Iannis

    2011-03-01

    Radical-ion-pair reactions, fundamental in photosynthesis and at the basis of the avian magnetic compass mechanism, have been recently shown to offer a rich playground for applying methods and concepts from quantum measurement/quantum information science. We will demonstrate that radical-ion-pair reactions are almost the exact analog of the optical double slit experiment, i.e. Nature has already engineered biochemical reactions performing the act of quantum interference. We will further elaborate on the non-trivial quantum effects pertaining in these reactions and the recent debate on their fundamental theoretical description that these effects have sparked.

  8. Cosmic Topology of Double Action Manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Aurich, Ralf

    2012-01-01

    The cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies in spherical 3-spaces with a non-trivial topology are studied. This paper discusses the special class of the so-called double action manifolds, which are for the first time analysed with respect to their CMB anisotropies. The CMB anisotropies are computed for all double action manifolds generated by a dihedral and a cyclic group with a group order of up to 180 leading to 33 different topologies. Several spaces are found which show a suppression of the CMB anisotropies on large angular distances as it is found on the real CMB sky. It turns out that these spaces possess fundamental cells defined as Voronoi domains which are close to highly symmetric polyhedra like Platonic or Archimedean ones.

  9. 强者理念与弱者理念的对弈论劳动法双重视角的碰撞∗%The Conflict between the Ideas of Protecting the Vulnerable Groups and the Powerful Groups Analysis of the Collision of the Double Perspectives in Labor Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜宁宁

    2016-01-01

    Labor Law regulates the labor relationship and is formulated in the priority of laborers over employing units.It can be seen from the history of the labor relationship which is the historical mission of Labor Law.Besides,due to the analysis of the modern labor relationship,the ideas of protecting vulnera-ble groups became the inevitable choice for Labor Law.During the interaction and conflict of these two theories,the ideas of protecting vulnerable groups need to be implemented,as well as rethought.To a-chieve the balance of the labor relationship,the scope of protection in Labor Law must be clear.%劳动法以劳动关系为调整对象,在劳动者与用人单位的双方主体间,劳动法选择了倾斜保护劳动者的视角并展开制度设计。从劳动关系产生的历史我们看到了劳动法诞生的历史使命,而对现代劳动关系的解析也使弱者理念成为劳动法必然的选择。在两种理念的互动、博弈中,劳动法既要贯彻倾斜保护弱者的理念,又要对劳动者弱者理念进行必要的反思,把握倾斜保护的尺度,达致劳动关系平衡协调的调整目的。

  10. Forced twin-chair conformation in 7-benzoyl- and 7-phenylacetyl-r-2,c-4,t-6,t-8-tetraphenyl-3-thia-7-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonanes with 1,3-diaxial phenyl groups in the piperidine ring: single- and double-layered supramolecular sheets built from C-H...O and C-H...pi(arene) hydrogen bonds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakthivel, Chinniah; Jeyaraman, Ramasubbu

    2010-08-01

    The crystal structures of 7-benzoyl-r-2,c-4,t-6,t-8-tetraphenyl-3-thia-7-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane, C(38)H(33)NOS, (I), and r-2,c-4,t-6,t-8-tetraphenyl-7-phenylacetyl-3-thia-7-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane [systematic name: 2-phenyl-1-(r-2,c-4,t-6,t-8-tetraphenyl-3-thia-7-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)ethanone], C(39)H(35)NOS, (II), both reveal a forced twin-chair conformation with the 1,3-diaxial phenyl groups in the piperidine ring, and flattening at the N-atom end of the piperidine ring of the bicyclic system. In the crystal structure of (I), molecules are linked into sheets by a combination of two weak C-H...O and one C-H...pi(arene) hydrogen bond, while in the crystal structure of (II), the molecules extend into double-layered sheets assisted by three C-H...pi(arene) hydrogen bonds.

  11. Double balloon enteroscopy examinations in general anesthesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Laszlo; Zubek; Lena; Szabo; Peter; Laszlo; Lakatos; Janos; Papp; Janos; Gal; Gabor; Elo

    2010-01-01

    AIM:To demonstrate that the double balloon enteroscopy(DBE) can be safely performed in general anesthesia with intubation.METHODS:We performed a retrospective examination between August 2005 and November 2008 amongpatients receiving intubation narcosis due to DBE examination.The patients were grouped based on sex,age and physical status.Anesthesia records includedduration of anesthesia,quantity of medication usedand anesthesia-related complications.We determinedthe frequency of complications in the differen...

  12. Firewalls From Double Purity

    CERN Document Server

    Bousso, Raphael

    2013-01-01

    The firewall paradox is often presented as arising from double entanglement, but I argue that more generally the paradox is double purity. Near-horizon modes are purified by the interior, in the infalling vacuum. Hence they cannot also be pure alone, or in combination with any third system, as demanded by unitarity. This conflict arises independently of the Page time, for entangled and for pure states. It implies that identifications of Hilbert spaces cannot resolve the paradox. Traditional complementarity requires the unitary identification of infalling matter with a scrambled subsystem of the Hawking radiation. Extending this map to the infalling vacuum overdetermines the out-state. More general complementarity maps ("A=R_B", "ER=EPR") founder when the near-horizon zone is pure. I argue that pure-zone states span the microcanonical ensemble, and that this suffices to make the horizon a special place. I advocate that the ability to detect the horizon locally, rather than the degree or probability of violence...

  13. 蔗糖凝胶治疗细菌性阴道病的多中心、随机、双盲、平行对照Ⅲ期临床试验%Sucrose gel for treatment of bacterial vaginosis:a randomized, double-blind, multi-center, parallel-group, phase Ⅲ clinical trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖冰冰; 张岱; 陈锐; 史惠蓉; 辛晓燕; 王惠兰; 庞义存; 朱赛楠; 姚晨

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过多中心、随机、双盲、平行对照的临床研究,进一步评价蔗糖凝胶治疗细菌性阴道病的有效性及安全性. 方法:选择5个研究中心的533例细菌性阴道病患者作为研究对象,依据随机表按对照组与试验组为2:3比例随机入组,甲硝唑凝胶5. 0 g组(对照组)214例,蔗糖凝胶5. 0 g组(实验组)319例,两组均采取每日早晚各一次阴道上药,连用5 d的疗程进行治疗. 分别于治疗第7~10天、第21~30天进行疗效观察及安全性评价.结果:治疗第7~10天,甲硝唑凝胶组和蔗糖凝胶组的临床综合疗效治愈率分别为70. 53%和80. 83%,阴道分泌物涂片Nugent积分痊愈率分别为71. 50%和81. 15%,差异均有统计学意义(P0. 05). 结论:蔗糖凝胶治疗细菌性阴道病的临床综合疗效近期(治疗第7~10天)及恢复阴道菌群方面明显优于甲硝唑凝胶,远期治愈率(治疗第21~30天)与甲硝唑凝胶相当,可成为治疗细菌性阴道病的新策略.%Objective:To evaluate the cure effectiveness and safety of sucrose gel in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis through a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, parallel controlled clinical study. Methods:A clinical research method of multi-center, randomly double-blind, and dose group parallel comparison was adopted. In the study, 533 patients with bacterial vaginosis were randomly divided into two groups, which included 214 cases in the control group (5. 0 g metronidazole gel) and 319 cases in the trial group (5. 0 g sucrose gel ). The patients were treated with different medication according to the group where they were. All the cases in these two groups were treated with drugs vaginally twice in a day, morning and evening separately, for 5 days. The curative effect and safety evaluation were assessed from 7 to 10 days and 21 to 30 days after treatment respectively. Results: The efficacy of the comprehensive clinical treatment showed that the cure rate of metronidazole gel group

  14. Group devaluation and group identification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leach, C.W.; Rodriguez Mosquera, P.M.; Vliek, M.L.W.; Hirt, E.

    2010-01-01

    In three studies, we showed that increased in-group identification after (perceived or actual) group devaluation is an assertion of a (preexisting) positive social identity that counters the negative social identity implied in societal devaluation. Two studies with real-world groups used order manip

  15. Double Field Theory Inspired Cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, Houwen

    2014-01-01

    Double field theory proposes a generalized spacetime action possessing manifest T-duality on the level of component fields. We calculate the cosmological solutions of double field theory with vanishing Kalb-Ramond field. It turns out that double field theory provides a more consistent way to construct cosmological solutions than the standard string cosmology. We find two sets of solutions in double field theory cosmology, respecting or violating the strong (weak) constraint. Both sets of solutions naturally contain the pre- and post-big bang evolutions in one single line element. This novel feature opens a window for possible resolution of the cosmic amnesia. We also demonstrate that the scale factor duality in the standard string cosmology is nothing but the T-duality in double field theory. The scale dual dilatons in the standard string cosmology is simply the usual diffeomorphic scalar dilaton $\\phi$ and dual diffeomorphic scalar dilaton $\\tilde\\phi$ in double field theory. Furthermore, we identify the "sh...

  16. Counting Irreducible Double Occurrence Words

    CERN Document Server

    Burns, Jonathan

    2011-01-01

    A double occurrence word $w$ over a finite alphabet $\\Sigma$ is a word in which each alphabet letter appears exactly twice. Such words arise naturally in the study of topology, graph theory, and combinatorics. Recently, double occurrence words have been used for studying DNA recombination events. We develop formulas for counting and enumerating several elementary classes of double occurrence words such as palindromic, irreducible, and strongly-irreducible words.

  17. Colored Flag by Double Refraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Bill

    1994-01-01

    Describes various demonstrations that illustrate double refraction and rotation of the plane of polarization in stressed, transparent plastics, with the consequent production of colored designs. (ZWH)

  18. Double Degenerate Stars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Xin-Lian; BAI Hua; ZHAO Lei

    2008-01-01

    Regardless of the formation mechanism, an exotic object, the double degenerate star (DDS), is introduced and investigated, which is composed of baryonic matter and some unknown fermion dark matter. Different from the simple white dwarfs (WDs), there is additional gravitational force provided by the unknown fermion component inside DDSs, which may strongly affect the structure and the stability of such kind of objects. Many possible and strange observational phenomena connecting with them are concisely discussed. Similar to the normal WD, this object can also experience thermonuclear explosion as type Ia supernova explosion when DDS's mass exceeds the maximum mass that can be supported by electron degeneracy pressure. However, since the total mass of baryonic matter can be much lower than that of WD at Chandrasekhar mass limit, the peak luminosity should be much dimmer than what we expect before, which may throw a slight shadow on the standard candle of SN Ia in the research of cosmology.

  19. GENERALIZED DOUBLE PARETO SHRINKAGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armagan, Artin; Dunson, David B; Lee, Jaeyong

    2013-01-01

    We propose a generalized double Pareto prior for Bayesian shrinkage estimation and inferences in linear models. The prior can be obtained via a scale mixture of Laplace or normal distributions, forming a bridge between the Laplace and Normal-Jeffreys' priors. While it has a spike at zero like the Laplace density, it also has a Student's t-like tail behavior. Bayesian computation is straightforward via a simple Gibbs sampling algorithm. We investigate the properties of the maximum a posteriori estimator, as sparse estimation plays an important role in many problems, reveal connections with some well-established regularization procedures, and show some asymptotic results. The performance of the prior is tested through simulations and an application.

  20. Dual Double Field Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Bergshoeff, Eric A; Penas, Victor A; Riccioni, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    We present the dual formulation of double field theory at the linearized level. This is a classically equivalent theory describing the duals of the dilaton, the Kalb-Ramond field and the graviton in a T-duality or O(D,D) covariant way. In agreement with previous proposals, the resulting theory encodes fields in mixed Young-tableau representations, combining them into an antisymmetric 4-tensor under O(D,D). In contrast to previous proposals, the theory also requires an antisymmetric 2-tensor and a singlet, which are not all pure gauge. The need for these additional fields is analogous to a similar phenomenon for "exotic" dualizations, and we clarify this by comparing with the dualizations of the component fields. We close with some speculative remarks on the significance of these observations for the full non-linear theory yet to be constructed.

  1. Deformed quantum double realization of the toric code and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padmanabhan, Pramod; Ibieta-Jimenez, Juan Pablo; Bernabe Ferreira, Miguel Jorge; Teotonio-Sobrinho, Paulo

    2016-09-01

    Quantum double models, such as the toric code, can be constructed from transfer matrices of lattice gauge theories with discrete gauge groups and parametrized by the center of the gauge group algebra and its dual. For general choices of these parameters the transfer matrix contains operators acting on links which can also be thought of as perturbations to the quantum double model driving it out of its topological phase and destroying the exact solvability of the quantum double model. We modify these transfer matrices with perturbations and extract exactly solvable models which remain in a quantum phase, thus nullifying the effect of the perturbation. The algebra of the modified vertex and plaquette operators now obey a deformed version of the quantum double algebra. The Abelian cases are shown to be in the quantum double phase whereas the non-Abelian phases are shown to be in a modified phase of the corresponding quantum double phase. These are illustrated with the groups Zn and S3. The quantum phases are determined by studying the excitations of these systems namely their fusion rules and the statistics. We then go further to construct a transfer matrix which contains the other Z2 phase namely the double semion phase. More generally for other discrete groups these transfer matrices contain the twisted quantum double models. These transfer matrices can be thought of as being obtained by introducing extra parameters into the transfer matrix of lattice gauge theories. These parameters are central elements belonging to the tensor products of the algebra and its dual and are associated to vertices and volumes of the three dimensional lattice. As in the case of the lattice gauge theories we construct the operators creating the excitations in this case and study their braiding and fusion properties.

  2. Deformations of Polyhedra and Polygons by the Unitary Group

    CERN Document Server

    Livine, Etera R

    2013-01-01

    We introduce the set of framed convex polyhedra with N faces as the symplectic quotient C^2N//SU(2). A framed polyhedron is then parametrized by N spinors living in C^2 satisfying suitable closure constraints and defines a usual convex polyhedron plus a phase for each face. We show that there is an action of the unitary group U(N) on this phase space, which changes the shape of faces and allows to map any polyhedron onto any other with the same total area. This realizes the isomorphism of the space of framed polyhedra with the Grassmannian space U(N)/SU(2)*U(N-2). We show how to write averages and correlations of geometrical observables over the ensemble of polyhedra as polynomial integrals over U(N) and we use the Itzykson-Zuber formula from matrix models as the generating function for them. In the quantum case, a canonical quantization of the framed polyhedron phase space leads to the Hilbert space of SU(2) intertwiners. The individual face areas are quantized as half-integers (spins) and the Hilbert spaces...

  3. Algebraic Groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2007-01-01

    The workshop continued a series of Oberwolfach meetings on algebraic groups, started in 1971 by Tonny Springer and Jacques Tits who both attended the present conference. This time, the organizers were Michel Brion, Jens Carsten Jantzen, and Raphaël Rouquier. During the last years, the subject...... of algebraic groups (in a broad sense) has seen important developments in several directions, also related to representation theory and algebraic geometry. The workshop aimed at presenting some of these developments in order to make them accessible to a "general audience" of algebraic group......-theorists, and to stimulate contacts between participants. Each of the first four days was dedicated to one area of research that has recently seen decisive progress: \\begin{itemize} \\item structure and classification of wonderful varieties, \\item finite reductive groups and character sheaves, \\item quantum cohomology...

  4. Group Grammar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Karen

    2015-01-01

    In this article Karen Adams demonstrates how to incorporate group grammar techniques into a classroom activity. In the activity, students practice using the target grammar to do something they naturally enjoy: learning about each other.

  5. MUYANG GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ With its headquarters in the historic city of Yangzhou,Jiangsu Muyang Group Co.,Ltd has since its founding in 1967 grown into a well-known group corporation whose activities cover research&development.project design,manufacturing,installation and services in a multitude of industries including feed machinery and engineering,storage engineering,grain machinery and engineering,environmental protection,conveying equipment and automatic control systems.

  6. Abelian groups

    CERN Document Server

    Fuchs, László

    2015-01-01

    Written by one of the subject’s foremost experts, this book focuses on the central developments and modern methods of the advanced theory of abelian groups, while remaining accessible, as an introduction and reference, to the non-specialist. It provides a coherent source for results scattered throughout the research literature with lots of new proofs. The presentation highlights major trends that have radically changed the modern character of the subject, in particular, the use of homological methods in the structure theory of various classes of abelian groups, and the use of advanced set-theoretical methods in the study of undecidability problems. The treatment of the latter trend includes Shelah’s seminal work on the undecidability in ZFC of Whitehead’s Problem; while the treatment of the former trend includes an extensive (but non-exhaustive) study of p-groups, torsion-free groups, mixed groups, and important classes of groups arising from ring theory. To prepare the reader to tackle these topics, th...

  7. Hedging Double Barriers with Singles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sbuelz, A.

    2000-01-01

    Double barrier options provide risk managers with good-deal flexibility in tailoring portfolio returns.Their hedges offer full protection only if unwound along the barriers.This work provides non-dynamic hedges that project the risk of double barriers on to single barriers.Non-dynamic hedges overcom

  8. Properties of double field theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Penas, Victor Alejandro

    2016-01-01

    In this thesis we study several aspects of Double Field Theory (DFT). In general, Double Field Theory is subject to the so-called strong constraint. By using the Flux Formulation of DFT, we explore to what extent one can deal with the gauge consistency constraints of DFT without imposing the strong

  9. The Cambridge double star atlas

    CERN Document Server

    MacEvoy, Bruce; Mullaney, James; Tirion, Wil; Mullaney, James

    2015-01-01

    The Cambridge Double Star Atlas is back! It is the first and only atlas of physical double stars that can be viewed with amateur astronomical instruments. Completely rewritten, this new edition explains the latest research into double stars, and looks at the equipment, techniques and opportunities that will enable you to discover, observe and measure them. The target list has been completely revised and extended to 2500 binary or multiple systems. Each system is described with the most recent and accurate data from the authoritative Washington Double Star Catalog, including the HD and SAO numbers that are most useful in our digital age. Hundreds of remarks explain the attributes of local, rapidly changing, often measured or known orbital systems. The color atlas charts by Wil Tirion have been updated to help you easily find and identify the target systems, as well as other deep-sky objects. This is an essential reference for double star observers..

  10. Laser double Doppler flowmeter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poffo, L.; Goujon, J.-M.; Le Page, R.; Lemaitre, J.; Guendouz, M.; Lorrain, N.; Bosc, D.

    2014-05-01

    The Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) is a non-invasive method for estimating the tissular blood flow and speed at a microscopic scale (microcirculation). It is used for medical research as well as for the diagnosis of diseases related to circulatory system tissues and organs including the issues of microvascular flow (perfusion). It is based on the Doppler effect, created by the interaction between the laser light and tissues. LDF measures the mean blood flow in a volume formed by the single laser beam, that penetrate into the skin. The size of this measurement volume is crucial and depends on skin absorption, and is not directly reachable. Therefore, current developments of the LDF are focused on the use of always more complex and sophisticated signal processing methods. On the other hand, laser Double Doppler Flowmeter (FL2D) proposes to use two laser beams to generate the measurement volume. This volume would be perfectly stable and localized at the intersection of the two laser beams. With FL2D we will be able to determine the absolute blood flow of a specific artery. One aimed application would be to help clinical physicians in health care units.

  11. Double Chooz: Latest results

    CERN Document Server

    Crespo-Anadón, J I

    2014-01-01

    The latest results from the Double Chooz experiment on the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ are presented. A detector located at an average distance of 1050 m from the two reactor cores of the Chooz nuclear power plant has accumulated a live time of 467.90 days, corresponding to an exposure of 66.5 GW-ton-year (reactor power $\\times$ detector mass $\\times$ live time). A revised analysis has boosted the signal efficiency and reduced the backgrounds and systematic uncertainties compared to previous publications, paving the way for the two detector phase. The measured $\\sin^2 2\\theta_{13} = 0.090^{+0.032}_{-0.029}$ is extracted from a fit to the energy spectrum. A deviation from the prediction above a visible energy of 4 MeV is found, being consistent with an unaccounted reactor flux effect, which does not affect the $\\theta_{13}$ result. A consistent value of $\\theta_{13}$ is measured in a rate-only fit to the number of observed candidates as a function of the reactor power, confirming the robustness of the ...

  12. Double acting bit holder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrell, Roger J.; Larson, David A.; Ruzzi, Peter L.

    1994-01-01

    A double acting bit holder that permits bits held in it to be resharpened during cutting action to increase energy efficiency by reducing the amount of small chips produced. The holder consist of: a stationary base portion capable of being fixed to a cutter head of an excavation machine and having an integral extension therefrom with a bore hole therethrough to accommodate a pin shaft; a movable portion coextensive with the base having a pin shaft integrally extending therefrom that is insertable in the bore hole of the base member to permit the moveable portion to rotate about the axis of the pin shaft; a recess in the movable portion of the holder to accommodate a shank of a bit; and a biased spring disposed in adjoining openings in the base and moveable portions of the holder to permit the moveable portion to pivot around the pin shaft during cutting action of a bit fixed in a turret to allow front, mid and back positions of the bit during cutting to lessen creation of small chip amounts and resharpen the bit during excavation use.

  13. Group Anonymity

    CERN Document Server

    Chertov, Oleg; 10.1007/978-3-642-14058-7_61

    2010-01-01

    In recent years the amount of digital data in the world has risen immensely. But, the more information exists, the greater is the possibility of its unwanted disclosure. Thus, the data privacy protection has become a pressing problem of the present time. The task of individual privacy-preserving is being thoroughly studied nowadays. At the same time, the problem of statistical disclosure control for collective (or group) data is still open. In this paper we propose an effective and relatively simple (wavelet-based) way to provide group anonymity in collective data. We also provide a real-life example to illustrate the method.

  14. Informal groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. van den Berg; P. van Houwelingen; J. de Hart

    2011-01-01

    Original title: Informele groepen Going out running with a group of friends, rather than joining an official sports club. Individuals who decide to take action themselves rather than giving money to good causes. Maintaining contact with others not as a member of an association, but through an Inter

  15. Aspects of the Doubled Worldsheet

    CERN Document Server

    Driezen, Sibylle; Thompson, Daniel C

    2016-01-01

    We clarify the relation between various approaches to the manifestly T-duality symmetric string. We explain in detail how the PST covariant doubled string arises from an unusual gauge fixing. We pay careful attention to the role of "spectator" fields in this process and also show how the T-duality invariant doubled dilaton emerges naturally. We extend these ideas to non-Abelian T-duality and show they give rise to the duality invariant formalism based on the semi-Abelian Drinfeld Double. We then develop the N=(0,1) supersymmetric duality invariant formalism.

  16. Don't Double Up on Acetaminophen

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Consumers Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Don't Double Up on Acetaminophen Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... consumer organizations. AAC’s outreach campaign, "Double Check, Don't Double Up," is all about the safe use ...

  17. COMMUNICATIONS GROUP

    CERN Multimedia

    L. Taylor

    2011-01-01

    The CMS Communications Group, established at the start of 2010, has been busy in all three areas of its responsibility: (1) Communications Infrastructure, (2) Information Systems, and (3) Outreach and Education. Communications Infrastructure There are now 55 CMS Centres worldwide that are well used by physicists working on remote CMS shifts, Computing operations, data quality monitoring, data analysis and outreach. The CMS Centre@CERN in Meyrin, is the centre of the CMS offline and computing operations, hosting dedicated analysis efforts such as during the CMS Heavy Ion lead-lead running. With a majority of CMS sub-detectors now operating in a “shifterless” mode, many monitoring operations are now routinely performed from there, rather than in the main Control Room at P5. The CMS Communications Group, CERN IT and the EVO team are providing excellent videoconferencing support for the rapidly-increasing number of CMS meetings. In parallel, CERN IT and ...

  18. Lego Group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller Larsen, Marcus; Pedersen, Torben; Slepniov, Dmitrij

    2010-01-01

    The last years’ rather adventurous journey from 2004 to 2009 had taught the fifth-largest toy-maker in the world - the LEGO Group - the importance of managing the global supply chain effectively. In order to survive the largest internal financial crisis in its roughly 70 years of existence......, the management had, among many initiatives, decided to offshore and outsource a major chunk of its production to Flextronics. In this pursuit of rapid cost-cutting sourcing advantages, the LEGO Group planned to license out as much as 80 per cent of its production besides closing down major parts...... of the production in high cost countries. Confident with the prospects of the new partnership, the company signed a long-term contract with Flextronics. This decision eventually proved itself to have been too hasty, however. Merely three years after the contracts were signed, LEGO management announced that it would...

  19. Group play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tychsen, Anders; Hitchens, Michael; Brolund, Thea

    2008-01-01

    of group dynamics, the influence of the fictional game characters and the comparative play experience between the two formats. The results indicate that group dynamics and the relationship between the players and their digital characters, are integral to the quality of the gaming experience in multiplayer......Role-playing games (RPGs) are a well-known game form, existing in a number of formats, including tabletop, live action, and various digital forms. Despite their popularity, empirical studies of these games are relatively rare. In particular there have been few examinations of the effects...... of the various formats used by RPGs on the gaming experience. This article presents the results of an empirical study, examining how multi-player tabletop RPGs are affected as they are ported to the digital medium. Issues examined include the use of disposition assessments to predict play experience, the effect...

  20. Renormalization Group Therapy

    CERN Document Server

    Tomboulis, E T

    2007-01-01

    We point out a general problem with the procedures commonly used to obtain improved actions from MCRG decimated configurations. Straightforward measurement of the couplings from the decimated configurations, by one of the known methods, can result into actions that do not correctly reproduce the physics on the undecimated lattice. This is because the decimated configurations are generally not representative of the equilibrium configurations of the assumed form of the effective action at the measured couplings. Curing this involves fine-tuning of the chosen MCRG decimation procedure, which is also dependent on the form assumed for the effective action. We illustrate this in decimation studies of the SU(2) LGT using Swendsen and Double Smeared Blocking decimation procedures. A single-plaquette improved action involving five group representations and free of this pathology is given.