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Sample records for donnykh osadkov oz

  1. OZ: An Innovative Primary Flight Display Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The proposed SBIR project will develop OZ, an innovative primary flight display for aircraft. The OZ display, designed from "first principles" of vision science,...

  2. H/OZ: PFD and Collaborative Flight Control System Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Researchers at the Institute for Human and Machine Cognition invented OZ, a primary flight display that provides a single, unified graphic display of critical flight...

  3. Simulations of the OzDES AGN Reverberation Mapping Project

    CERN Document Server

    King, Anthea L; Davis, Tamara M; Denney, K D; Kochanek, C S; Peterson, Bradley M; Skielboe, Andreas; Vestergaard, Marianne; Huff, Eric; Watson, Darach; Banerji, Manda; McMahon, Richard; Sharp, Rob; Lidman, C

    2015-01-01

    As part of the OzDES spectroscopic survey we are carrying out a large scale reverberation mapping study of $\\sim$500 quasars over five years in the 30 deg$^2$ area of the Dark Energy Survey (DES) supernova fields. These quasars have redshifts ranging up to 4 and have apparent AB magnitudes between $16.8OzDES reverberation mapping campaign and its possible extensions. We expect to recover lags for $\\sim$35-45\\% of the quasars. AGN with shorter lags and greater variability are more likely to yield a lag, and objects with lags $\\lesssim$6 month or $\\sim$1 year are expected be recovered the most accurately. The baseline OzDES reverberation mapping campaign is predicted to produce an ...

  4. OzFlux data: network integration from collection to curation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaac, Peter; Cleverly, James; McHugh, Ian; van Gorsel, Eva; Ewenz, Cacilia; Beringer, Jason

    2017-06-01

    Measurement of the exchange of energy and mass between the surface and the atmospheric boundary-layer by the eddy covariance technique has undergone great change in the last 2 decades. Early studies of these exchanges were confined to brief field campaigns in carefully controlled conditions followed by months of data analysis. Current practice is to run tower-based eddy covariance systems continuously over several years due to the need for continuous monitoring as part of a global effort to develop local-, regional-, continental- and global-scale budgets of carbon, water and energy. Efficient methods of processing the increased quantities of data are needed to maximise the time available for analysis and interpretation. Standardised methods are needed to remove differences in data processing as possible contributors to observed spatial variability. Furthermore, public availability of these data sets assists with undertaking global research efforts. The OzFlux data path has been developed (i) to provide a standard set of quality control and post-processing tools across the network, thereby facilitating inter-site integration and spatial comparisons; (ii) to increase the time available to researchers for analysis and interpretation by reducing the time spent collecting and processing data; (iii) to propagate both data and metadata to the final product; and (iv) to facilitate the use of the OzFlux data by adopting a standard file format and making the data available from web-based portals. Discovery of the OzFlux data set is facilitated through incorporation in FLUXNET data syntheses and the publication of collection metadata via the RIF-CS format. This paper serves two purposes. The first is to describe the data sets, along with their quality control and post-processing, for the other papers of this Special Issue. The second is to provide an example of one solution to the data collection and curation challenges that are encountered by similar flux tower networks

  5. OzBot and haptics: remote surveillance to physical presence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullins, James; Fielding, Mick; Nahavandi, Saeid

    2009-05-01

    This paper reports on robotic and haptic technologies and capabilities developed for the law enforcement and defence community within Australia by the Centre for Intelligent Systems Research (CISR). The OzBot series of small and medium surveillance robots have been designed in Australia and evaluated by law enforcement and defence personnel to determine suitability and ruggedness in a variety of environments. Using custom developed digital electronics and featuring expandable data busses including RS485, I2C, RS232, video and Ethernet, the robots can be directly connected to many off the shelf payloads such as gas sensors, x-ray sources and camera systems including thermal and night vision. Differentiating the OzBot platform from its peers is its ability to be integrated directly with haptic technology or the 'haptic bubble' developed by CISR. Haptic interfaces allow an operator to physically 'feel' remote environments through position-force control and experience realistic force feedback. By adding the capability to remotely grasp an object, feel its weight, texture and other physical properties in real-time from the remote ground control unit, an operator's situational awareness is greatly improved through Haptic augmentation in an environment where remote-system feedback is often limited.

  6. Data of evolutionary structure change: 2OZ2A-3BPFD [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 2OZ2A-3BPFD 2OZ2 3BPF A D --------APAAVDWRARGAVTAVKDQGQCGSCWAFSAI...THR CA 200 3BPF D 3BPFD ISVAVSDDFAF EEE H...ine> ASN CA 339 GLN CA 377 CYS CA 392 3BPF... D 3BPFD INIETDESGLMRKC

  7. Wizard of Oz Method for Constructing Conversational Web Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, Masayuki; Yamanaka, Nobutoshi

    We propose a framework to construct conversational Web agents, which guide the visitors of Web sites, from actual dialogues incrementally. We apply the Wizard of Oz method enhanced by adding the functionality of learning dialogue models to the process. In this method, a developer collects annotated dialogues by chatting with users. At first, the developer has to input almost all replies. As the learning proceeds, the system infers proper utterances and the load of developer is reduced. Finally, a conversational agent is constructed. We developed a system to construct such kind of agents in the Web environment. The features of this system are: (a) FSM-based dialogue models and incremental algorithms of learning probabilistic DFAs; (b) using annotations for the meaning of each utterance and for contents associated with Web pages; and (c) a character interface with speech functionality. We also examined how the developer's cost is reduced as the growth of the dialogue models, applying it to Kyoto tour guide task.

  8. An introduction to the Australian and New Zealand flux tower network – OzFlux

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    OzFlux is the regional Australian and New Zealand flux tower network that aims to provide a continental-scale national research facility to monitor and assess trends, and improve predictions, of Australia’s terrestrial biosphere and climate. This paper describes the evolution, design and current status of OzFlux as well as an overview of data processing. We analyse measurements from the Australian portion of the OzFlux network and found that the response of Australian biomes to climate was ...

  9. An introduction to the Australian and New Zealand flux tower network – OzFlux

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    OzFlux is the regional Australian and New Zealand flux tower network that aims to provide a continental-scale national research facility to monitor and assess trends, and improve predictions, of Australia's terrestrial biosphere and climate. This paper describes the evolution, design, and current status of OzFlux as well as provides an overview of data processing. We analyse measurements from all sites within the Australian portion of the OzFlux network and two sites from New Zealand. The res...

  10. Shelf-life study of Indian traditional food based nutraceutical (oryzanol) enriched instant mixes Bhath-OZ and Upma-OZ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baby Latha, R; Debnath, Sukumar; Sarmandal, C V; Hemavathy, J; Khatoon, Sakina; Gopala Krishna, A G; Lokesh, B R

    2014-01-01

    To provide nutraceutical such as oryzanol through food, two instant mixes based on the Indian traditional food cuisine Bisibele bhath and Upma(Bhath-OZ and Upma-OZ) were developed and evaluated for shelf-life. The formulations contained cereals, pulses, and spices along with oryzanol enriched oil and were packed in 200gauge/50 gauge metallized polyester packaging material and stored under ambient (27 °C 65%RH) and accelerated conditions (37 °C/92%RH). Samples were withdrawn periodically and peroxide value (PV), free fatty acid value (FFA), fatty acid composition, oryzanol, and total tocopherols content were estimated. Sensory evaluation of reconstituted products was also carried out. Oryzanol content (610 and 550 mg%) did not change appreciably in Bhath-OZ and Upma-OZ respectively. The peroxide value under ambient condition increased from 1.1 to 9.3 meq.O2/kg and 2.24 to 9.02 meq.O2/kg during the 6 month storage study at 27 °C and 65% RH, while under accelerated conditions at 37 °C and 92%RH, it increased from 1.12 to 8.54 meq. O2/kg and 2.24 to 6.96 meq. O2/kg during 2 month storage period. Bhath-OZ and Upma-OZ packed in metallized polyester pouches stored at 27 °C and 65% RH had a shelf-life of 4 months without affecting the oryzanol content and quality of instant mixes during the storage period.

  11. BETWEEN APPARITION AND VANISHING: AESTHETIC THRESHOLDS IN THE WORK OF OSCAR MUÑOZ

    OpenAIRE

    Flor Ángel Rincón Muñoz

    2014-01-01

    This article intends a reading of the artistic production of the Colombian artist Óscar Muñoz (1951). For so doing, we start from his early works -and from a psychoanalytic perspective- to focus on the analysis of apparitionand vanishing, concepts which are undertaken chiefly from the viewpoint of Martin Seel (1954) and Paul Virilio (1932). In this way, an alternative reading of the aesthetic and significant processes found in the works of Muñoz is proposed.

  12. Hommage to Dr. Nubia Muñoz Calero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Llanos Guillermo

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available La doctora Nubia Muñoz es graduada de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad del Valle en 1964, donde se distinguió por ser una estudiante sobresaliente y sobre todo por su interés y motivación hacia la investigación en cáncer. Posteriormente hizo su residencia en el Departamento de Patología de nuestra Facultad. Durante su formación como patóloga ya realizó un importante trabajo de investigación sobre la comparación del poder cancerígeno del tabaco negro, el más utilizado por los fumadores colombianos en ese momento, y el tabaco rubio importado. Esta investigación publicada en 1968 (Muñoz N, Correa P, Bock F. Comparative carcinogenic effect of two types of tobacco. Cáncer 1968; 21: 376-389 fue el inicio de su importante y valiosa trayectoria como investigadora en la epidemiología del cáncer. Nubia, una vez terminada su formación como patóloga en 1967, viajó a EUA donde trabajó por tres años en el Nacional Cancer Institute en Bethesda, sede de los Institutos Nacionales de Salud de ese país y realizó su maestría en Salud Pública con énfasis en Epidemiología y Virología del cáncer en la Escuela de Salud Pública de la Universidad Johns Hopkins en Baltimore. Ella fue designada por Hopkins como Estudiante Distinguida sobresaliente por su desempeño profesional, en 1992. De allí se vinculó con la Agencia Internacional para la Investigación en Cáncer (IARC en Lyon, Francia, institución líder en su área y adscrita a la Organización Mundial de la Salud. En la IARC Nubia desarrolló una destacada carrera como investigadora y profesional siendo promovida sucesivamente a funciones de dirección, entre ellas Jefe de la Unidad de Estudios de Campo e Intervenciones, donde estuvo hasta el año 2000 cuando se jubiló. Fue reconocida con el título de Científica Emérita, distinción otorgada por primera vez en la IARC. Nubia, a lo largo de su carrera en donde sigue muy activa, ha realizado investigación epidemiol

  13. OzDES multifibre spectroscopy for the Dark Energy Survey: first-year operation and results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuan, Fang; Lidman, C.; Davis, T. M.; Childress, M.; Abdalla, F. B.; Banerji, M.; Buckley-Geer, E.; Carnero Rosell, A.; Carollo, D.; Castander, F. J.; D' Andrea, C. B.; Diehl, H. T.; Cunha, C. E.; Foley, R. J.; Frieman, J.; Glazebrook, K.; Gschwend, J.; Hinton, S.; Jouvel, S.; Kessler, R.; Kim, A. G.; King, A. L.; Kuehn, K.; Kuhlmann, S.; Lewis, G. F.; Lin, H.; Martini, P.; McMahon, R. G.; Mould, J.; Nichol, R. C.; Norris, R. P.; O' Neill, C. R.; Ostrovski, F.; Papadopoulos, A.; Parkinson, D.; Reed, S.; Romer, A. K.; Rooney, P. J.; Rozo, E.; Rykoff, E. S.; Sako, M.; Scalzo, R.; Schmidt, B. P.; Scolnic, D.; Seymour, N.; Sharp, R.; Sobreira, F.; Sullivan, M.; Thomas, R. C.; Tucker, D.; Uddin, S. A.; Wechsler, R. H.; Wester, W.; Wilcox, H.; Zhang, B.; Abbott, T.; Allam, S.; Bauer, A. H.; Benoit-L?vy, A.; Bertin, E.; Brooks, D.; Burke, D. L.; Carrasco Kind, M.; Covarrubias, R.; Crocce, M.; da Costa, L. N.; DePoy, D. L.; Desai, S.; Doel, P.; Eifler, T. F.; Evrard, A. E.; Fausti Neto, A.; Flaugher, B.; Fosalba, P.; Gaztanaga, E.; Gerdes, D.; Gruen, D.; Gruendl, R. A.; Honscheid, K.; James, D.; Kuropatkin, N.; Lahav, O.; Li, T. S.; Maia, M. A. G.; Makler, M.; Marshall, J.; Miller, C. J.; Miquel, R.; Ogando, R.; Plazas, A. A.; Roodman, A.; Sanchez, E.; Scarpine, V.; Schubnell, M.; Sevilla-Noarbe, I.; Smith, R. C.; Soares-Santos, M.; Suchyta, E.; Swanson, M. E. C.; Tarle, G.; Thaler, J.; Walker, A. R.

    2015-07-29

    We present results for the first three years of OzDES, a six-year program to obtain redshifts for objects in the Dark Energy Survey (DES) supernova fields using the 2dF fibre positioner and AAOmega spectrograph on the Anglo-Australian Telescope. OzDES is a multi-object spectroscopic survey targeting multiple types of targets at multiple epochs over a multi-year baseline, and is one of the first multi-object spectroscopic surveys to dynamically include transients into the target list soon after their discovery. At the end of three years, OzDES has spectroscopically confirmed almost 100 supernovae, and has measured redshifts for 17,000 objects, including the redshifts of 2,566 supernova hosts. We examine how our ability to measure redshifts for targets of various types depends on signal-to-noise, magnitude, and exposure time, finding that our redshift success rate increases significantly at a signal-to-noise of 2 to 3 per 1-A° ngstrom bin. We also find that the change in signal-to-noise with exposure time closely matches the Poisson limit for stacked exposures as long as 10 hours.We use these results to predict the redshift yield of the full OzDES survey, as well as the potential yields of future surveys on other facilities such as 4MOST, PFS, and MSE. This work marks the first OzDES data release, comprising 15,327 redshifts. OzDES is on target to obtain over 30,000 redshifts over the six-year duration of the survey, including a yield of approximately 5,700 supernova host-galaxy redshifts.

  14. Antonio Muñoz Molina entre literatura y periodismo: Las columnas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Pierre Castellani

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Article tradition in Spain lives today in newspaper columns. In this paperwork a selection of Muñoz Molina's columns is studied in order to characterize them. Columns are constructed by using quotations of other authors and stylized anecdotes. Related to fiction works by the same author, they constiíute the basic elements of the stories' narrative matter. Columnism in Muñoz Molina's narrative is no longer a secondary or marginal genre: they are part of the creative ensemble elaborated besides his fiction works, which are enriched with this weekly insight.

  15. BETWEEN APPARITION AND VANISHING: AESTHETIC THRESHOLDS IN THE WORK OF OSCAR MUÑOZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flor Ángel Rincón Muñoz

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article intends a reading of the artistic production of the Colombian artist Óscar Muñoz (1951. For so doing, we start from his early works -and from a psychoanalytic perspective- to focus on the analysis of apparitionand vanishing, concepts which are undertaken chiefly from the viewpoint of Martin Seel (1954 and Paul Virilio (1932. In this way, an alternative reading of the aesthetic and significant processes found in the works of Muñoz is proposed.

  16. SN 2006oz: rise of a super-luminous supernova observed by the SDSS-II SN Survey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leloudas, Georgios; Chatzopoulos, E.; Dilday, B.;

    2012-01-01

    to contribute to a better understanding of these objects by studying SN 2006oz, a newly-recognized member of this class. Methods. We present multi-color light curves of SN 2006oz from the SDSS-II SN Survey that cover its rise time, as well as an optical spectrum that shows that the explosion occurred at z ~ 0...

  17. Discurso del Ing. Rolando Carrión Muñoz

    OpenAIRE

    Carrión Muñoz, Rolando; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos

    2014-01-01

    Discurso del Ing. Rolando Carrión Muñoz, con motivo del reconocimiento de la calidad académica otorgada por el Consejo Nacional de Acreditación Universitaria, a la EAP de Ingeniería Industrial de la UNMSM (24 de abril de 2014)

  18. Discurso del Ing. Rolando Carrión Muñoz

    OpenAIRE

    Carrión Muñoz, Rolando; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos

    2014-01-01

    Discurso del Ing. Rolando Carrión Muñoz, con motivo del reconocimiento de la calidad académica otorgada por el Consejo Nacional de Acreditación Universitaria, a la EAP de Ingeniería Industrial de la UNMSM (24 de abril de 2014)

  19. Muñoz-Jaramillo receives 2011 F. L. Scarf Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    Andrés Muñoz-Jaramillo has been awarded the F. L. Scarf Award, given annually to a recent Ph.D. recipient for outstanding dissertation research that contributes directly to solar-planetary sciences. Muñoz-Jaramillo's dissertation is entitled “Towards better constrained models of the solar magnetic cycle.” He presented an invited talk and was formally presented with the award at the 2011 AGU Fall Meeting, held 5-9 December in San Francisco, Calif. Muñoz-Jaramillo received undergraduate degrees in physics (2004) and electronic engineering (2005) from the Universidad de los Andes in Bogotá, Colombia. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics under the supervision of Piet Martens and Dibyendu Nandy at Montana State University, in Bozeman, in 2008 and 2010, respectively. Muñoz-Jaramillo is currently a Jack Eddy Postdoctoral Fellow at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass., hosted by Edward DeLuca. His research interests include the solar magnetic cycle; magnetohydrodynamics and dynamo theory; and space climate, global (paleo) climate, and long-term solar evolution.

  20. An introduction to the Australian and New Zealand flux tower network - OzFlux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beringer, Jason; Hutley, Lindsay B.; McHugh, Ian; Arndt, Stefan K.; Campbell, David; Cleugh, Helen A.; Cleverly, James; Resco de Dios, Víctor; Eamus, Derek; Evans, Bradley; Ewenz, Cacilia; Grace, Peter; Griebel, Anne; Haverd, Vanessa; Hinko-Najera, Nina; Huete, Alfredo; Isaac, Peter; Kanniah, Kasturi; Leuning, Ray; Liddell, Michael J.; Macfarlane, Craig; Meyer, Wayne; Moore, Caitlin; Pendall, Elise; Phillips, Alison; Phillips, Rebecca L.; Prober, Suzanne M.; Restrepo-Coupe, Natalia; Rutledge, Susanna; Schroder, Ivan; Silberstein, Richard; Southall, Patricia; Yee, Mei Sun; Tapper, Nigel J.; van Gorsel, Eva; Vote, Camilla; Walker, Jeff; Wardlaw, Tim

    2016-10-01

    OzFlux is the regional Australian and New Zealand flux tower network that aims to provide a continental-scale national research facility to monitor and assess trends, and improve predictions, of Australia's terrestrial biosphere and climate. This paper describes the evolution, design, and current status of OzFlux as well as provides an overview of data processing. We analyse measurements from all sites within the Australian portion of the OzFlux network and two sites from New Zealand. The response of the Australian biomes to climate was largely consistent with global studies except that Australian systems had a lower ecosystem water-use efficiency. Australian semi-arid/arid ecosystems are important because of their huge extent (70 %) and they have evolved with common moisture limitations. We also found that Australian ecosystems had a similar radiation-use efficiency per unit leaf area compared to global values that indicates a convergence toward a similar biochemical efficiency. The two New Zealand sites represented extremes in productivity for a moist temperate climate zone, with the grazed dairy farm site having the highest GPP of any OzFlux site (2620 gC m-2 yr-1) and the natural raised peat bog site having a very low GPP (820 gC m-2 yr-1). The paper discusses the utility of the flux data and the synergies between flux, remote sensing, and modelling. Lastly, the paper looks ahead at the future direction of the network and concludes that there has been a substantial contribution by OzFlux, and considerable opportunities remain to further advance our understanding of ecosystem response to disturbances, including drought, fire, land-use and land-cover change, land management, and climate change, which are relevant both nationally and internationally. It is suggested that a synergistic approach is required to address all of the spatial, ecological, human, and cultural challenges of managing the delicately balanced ecosystems in Australasia.

  1. El experimento mago de Oz y sus aplicaciones: una mirada retrospectiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLOS M. ZAPATA

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En la Lingüística Computacional los corpus han sido uno de los recursos más utilizados para estudiar los diferentes fenómenos lingüísticos. La recopilación de corpus en los cuales se presenta interacción entre el humano y el computador presenta como problema fundamental los errores que se pueden inducir por parte del humano, cuyo lenguaje se simplifica en presencia del computador. Para realizar la recopilación de estos corpus se han empleado los Experimentos Mago de Oz (MDO. En este artículo se muestra una mirada retrospectiva del Experimento Mago de Oz, clasificando sus principales aplicaciones.

  2. The Case of Dr. Oz: Ethics, Evidence, and Does Professional Self-Regulation Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilburt, Jon C; Allyse, Megan; Hafferty, Frederic W

    2017-02-01

    Dr. Mehmet Oz is widely known not just as a successful media personality donning the title "America's Doctor(®)," but, we suggest, also as a physician visibly out of step with his profession. A recent, unsuccessful attempt to censure Dr. Oz raises the issue of whether the medical profession can effectively self-regulate at all. It also raises concern that the medical profession's self-regulation might be selectively activated, perhaps only when the subject of professional censure has achieved a level of public visibility. We argue here that the medical profession must look at itself with a healthy dose of self-doubt about whether it has sufficient knowledge of or handle on the less visible Dr. "Ozes" quietly operating under the profession's presumptive endorsement.

  3. RATADA DE ROSABETTY MUÑOZ: METÁFORAS DE UN TIEMPO CRUEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Carrasco M

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo interpreta el libro Ratada, de la poeta Rosabetty Muñoz, como metáforas (alegoría de la sociedad chilena durante la dictadura militar. Leída de este modo, Ratada es una escritura terapéutica, pues provoca en la conciencia del lector un efecto de dolor equivalente al de la limpieza de las heridas, necesaria para que el cuerpo saneThis paper interprets the book Ratada, written by the poet Rosabetty Muñoz, as metaphors (allegory for the chilean society during the military dictatorship. In this reading, Ratada becomes therapeutic writing, as it provokes in the reader's mind an effect of pain equivalent to the cleansing of wounds, necessary for the healing of the body

  4. Los realismos en Beatus Ille de Antonio Muñoz Molina.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Papa Mamour Diop

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISH: This work deals with the current debate about reality and its literary and artistic expression: realism. In Beatus Ille, Antonio Muñoz Molina’s first novel, the fictional universe reveals three kinds of realism: the epic and elegiac realism, the historic realismand the magic realism. SPANISH: En este trabajo, abordamos el actual debate sobre la realidad y su expresión literaria y artística: el realismo. En Beatus Ille, primera novela de Antonio Muñoz Molina, eluniverso novelesco permite percibir tres tipos de realismos: el realismo épico elegiaco, el realismo histórico o contrafactual y el realismo mágico.

  5. La imagen dentro de sí. Sobre tres obras de Oscar Muñoz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Cortes Rocca

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Oscar Muñoz's work revolves around the question of the specificity of photography. By doing so, it redirects a current trend of visual studies that are fascinated with the non-specificity of the objects and the itinerancy of languages. Muñoz wonders what lies at the heart of photography. Is it the mechanical reproduction or the ability to chemically fix the image? Is it the power to isolate the instant or to perpetuate anything captured by the machine? The transformation that introduces photography has less to do with the work itself and more with the experience of image. That experience is, first of all, an experience of time since the image produces an intermediate time between proliferation and what is left as a remain.

  6. MARS-OZ - A Design for a Simulated Mars Base in the Australian Outback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willson, D.; Clarke, J. D. A.; Murphy, G.

    Mars Society Australia has developed the design of a simulated Mars base, MARS-OZ, for deployment in outback Australia. MARS-OZ will provide a platform for a diverse range of Mars analogue research in Australia. The simulated base consists of two mobile modules whose dimensions and shape approximate those of horizontally landed bent biconic spacecraft described in an earlier paper. The modules are designed to support field engineering, robotics, architectural, geological, biological and human factors research at varying levels of simulation fidelity. Non-Mars related research can also be accommodated, for example general field geology and biology, and engineering research associated with sustainable, low impact architecture. Crews of up to eight can be accommodated. In addition to its research function, the base also will serve as a centre of space education and outreach activities. The prime site for the MARS-OZ simulated base is located in the northern Flinders Ranges near Arkaroola in South Australia. This region contains many features that provide useful scientific analogues to known or possible past and present conditions on Mars from both a geological and biological perspective. The features will provide a wealth of study opportunities for crews. The very diverse terrain and regolith materials will provide ideal opportunities to field trial a range of equipment, sensors and exploration strategies. If needed, the prime site can be secured from casual visitors, allowing research into human interaction in isolation. Despite its relative isolation, the site is readily accessible by road and air from major Australian centres. This paper provides description of the configuration, design and construction of the proposed facility, its interior layout, equipment and systems fitouts, a detailed cost estimate, and its deployment. We estimate that the deployment of MARS-OZ could occur within nine months of securing funding.

  7. Efficacy and pharmacokinetics of OZ78 and MT04 against a natural infection with Fasciola hepatica in sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meister, Isabel; Duthaler, Urs; Huwyler, Jörg; Rinaldi, Laura; Bosco, Antonio; Cringoli, Giuseppe; Keiser, Jennifer

    2013-11-15

    Fasciolosis is a parasitosis caused by the food-borne trematode Fasciola spp. of major veterinary significance. Triclabendazole is the first line treatment in humans and animals but cases of resistance are spreading worldwide. The synthetic peroxides OZ78 and MT04 are lead compounds for the treatment of fasciolosis. In the present study we investigated the efficacy and drug disposition following a single intramuscular dose of 100 mg/kg OZ78 and MT04 in sheep harbouring a natural Fasciola hepatica infection. A liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated to quantify plasma and bile concentrations of both compounds. Plasma samples were analysed with an accuracy for OZ78 and MT04 from 91 to 115% and a precision lower than 8.9%. Bile samples displayed an accuracy between 92 and 101% and a precision up to 12.7%. Bile samples were collected at 0 and 6h post-administration. Plasma mean peak concentration was 11.1 μg/ml at 1.5 h for OZ78 and 4.8 μg/ml at 4.2 h for MT04. Mean AUC of OZ78 and MT04 was 6698 and 3567 μg min/ml, respectively. Bile concentration at 6h post-treatment was 1.0 μg/ml for OZ78 and 1.4 μg/ml for MT04. Treatment with OZ78 showed no effect on egg burden and adult worm counts in vivo, whereas MT04 displayed a significant egg count reduction of 98.5% and a worm burden reduction of 92%. In conclusion, our study reveals an excellent activity of MT04 against F. hepatica in naturally infected sheep and a first insight into its PK behaviour.

  8. El experimento mago de oz y sus aplicaciones: una mirada retrospectiva

    OpenAIRE

    ZAPATA, CARLOS M.; NICOLÁS CARMONA

    2008-01-01

    En la Lingüística Computacional los corpus han sido uno de los recursos más utilizados para estudiar los diferentes fenómenos lingüísticos. La recopilación de corpus en los cuales se presenta interacción entre el humano y el computador presenta como problema fundamental los errores que se pueden inducir por parte del humano, cuyo lenguaje se simplifica en presencia del computador. Para realizar la recopilación de estos corpus se han empleado los Experimentos Mago de Oz (MDO). En e...

  9. Articulismo en democracia. Las columnas de Antonio Muñoz Molina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Corbellini

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The writer's column format related to Muñoz Molina's last novels (Sefarad. Una novela de novelas; Ventanas de Manhattan; Días de diario , where the concept of genre is not clear, they alternate narrative and argumentation, tales and essay. I will analyze the writing of published columns as "Ida y vuelta" in the suplement Babelia of El país, as a format that allows experimentation with the language and the narrator; and simultaneously constructs an ego with the will of style, and for providing a rewatching form of knowledge and thought

  10. Creating a Distributed Programming System Using the DSS: A Case Study of OzDSS

    OpenAIRE

    Klintskog, Erik

    2004-01-01

    This technical report describes the integration of the Distribution Subsystem (DSS) to the programming system Mozart. The result, OzDSS, is described in detail. Essential when coupling a programming system to the DSS is how the internal model of threads and language entities are mapped to the abstract entities of the DSS. The model of threads and language entities of Mozart is described at a detailed level to explain the design choices made when developing the code that couples the DSS to Mo...

  11. O sefaradita de Amós Oz em A caixa preta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Steinberg

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este texto aborda por meio da ficção, a questão do confronto entre judeus sefaraditas e orientais e a elite asquenazita hegemônica pela redefinição da identidade nacional no Estado de Israel. Esse confronto é representado pelos personagens de Michael Sommo, o judeu argelino e Alex Guideon, filho de pioneiros da Europa Oriental, duas das figuras centrais da trama do romance A caixa preta, publicado por Amós Oz em 1987.

  12. Structure-Activity Relationship of the Antimalarial Ozonide Artefenomel (OZ439).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yuxiang; Wang, Xiaofang; Kamaraj, Sriraghavan; Bulbule, Vivek J; Chiu, Francis C K; Chollet, Jacques; Dhanasekaran, Manickam; Hein, Christopher D; Papastogiannidis, Petros; Morizzi, Julia; Shackleford, David M; Barker, Helena; Ryan, Eileen; Scheurer, Christian; Tang, Yuanqing; Zhao, Qingjie; Zhou, Lin; White, Karen L; Urwyler, Heinrich; Charman, William N; Matile, Hugues; Wittlin, Sergio; Charman, Susan A; Vennerstrom, Jonathan L

    2017-01-18

    Building on insights gained from the discovery of the antimalarial ozonide arterolane (OZ277), we now describe the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of the antimalarial ozonide artefenomel (OZ439). Primary and secondary amino ozonides had higher metabolic stabilities than tertiary amino ozonides, consistent with their higher pKa and lower log D7.4 values. For primary amino ozonides, addition of polar functional groups decreased in vivo antimalarial efficacy. For secondary amino ozonides, additional functional groups had variable effects on metabolic stability and efficacy, but the most effective members of this series also had the highest log D7.4 values. For tertiary amino ozonides, addition of polar functional groups with H-bond donors increased metabolic stability but decreased in vivo antimalarial efficacy. Primary and tertiary amino ozonides with cycloalkyl and heterocycle substructures were superior to their acyclic counterparts. The high curative efficacy of these ozonides was most often associated with high and prolonged plasma exposure, but exposure on its own did not explain the presence or absence of either curative efficacy or in vivo toxicity.

  13. Pulsed plasma chemical synthesis of SixCyOz composite nanopowder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kholodnaya, G.; Sazonov, R.; Ponomarev, D.; Remnev, G.

    2017-05-01

    SixCyOz composite nanopowder with an average size of particles about 10-50 nm was produced using the pulsed plasma chemical method. The experiments on the synthesis of nanosized composite were carried out using a TEA-500 pulsed electron accelerator. To produce a composite, SiCl4, O2, and CH4 were used. The major part of experiments was conducted using a plasma chemical reactor (quartz, 140 mm diameter, 6 l volume). The initial reagents were injected into the reactor, then a pulsed electron beam was injected which initiated the chemical reactions whose products were the SixCyOz composite nanopowder. To define the morphology of the particles, the JEOL-II-100 transmission electron microscope (TEM) with an accelerating voltage of 100 kV was used. The substances in the composition of the composite nanopowder were identified using the infrared absorption optical spectrum. To conduct this analysis, the Nicolet 5700 FT-IR spectrometer was used.

  14. Mario Muñoz, el médico del Moncada

    OpenAIRE

    Natalia I. Osorio Curbelo; María Elena Cuervo Calviño

    2015-01-01

    Nació en Colón, Matanzas, el 26 de julio de 1912, hijo de Marcelino Muñoz Zurra, natural de Roque, Colón, de profesión fotógrafo y de Catalina Monroy Artiles, natural de Colon. Estudió la primera enseñanza y la secundaria en el Instituto de Colón. Obtuvo el Título de Bachiller en Ciencias y Letras a los 21 años, en el Instituto de Segunda Enseñanza de La Habana, el 28 de agosto de 1934. Ingresó en la Universidad de La Habana, en el curso académico de 1934-1935, donde matriculó la carrera de M...

  15. Justo Márquez Muñoz Tebar. Un hombre imaginativo y de ideas originales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro B. Márquez Fernández

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta ponencia se presenta desde una perspectiva de la historia de vida, el mundo sintiente de un académico que siempre pensó sin dogmas y actuó sin censuras, dentro y fuera de la Universidad. En bien de un diálogo con los otros que no cesaba de juzgar como crítico y heurístico. La única manera de ser auténtico para Justo Márquez Muñoz Tebar, era mantener el compromiso existencial con la verdad que se crea y convive en libertad. Todavía hoy su voz sigue siendo una voz que nos habla a diario para decirnos cuáles son las señales que ha dejado en nuestro camino.

  16. Mario Muñoz, el médico del Moncada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia I. Osorio Curbelo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Nació en Colón, Matanzas, el 26 de julio de 1912, hijo de Marcelino Muñoz Zurra, natural de Roque, Colón, de profesión fotógrafo y de Catalina Monroy Artiles, natural de Colon. Estudió la primera enseñanza y la secundaria en el Instituto de Colón. Obtuvo el Título de Bachiller en Ciencias y Letras a los 21 años, en el Instituto de Segunda Enseñanza de La Habana, el 28 de agosto de 1934. Ingresó en la Universidad de La Habana, en el curso académico de 1934-1935, donde matriculó la carrera de Medicina. En ese momento existía una gran crisis política, económica y social en Cuba, pues el estudiantado se encontraba en franca rebeldía contra el tirano Machado, y Mario Muñoz Monroy ingresó en el directorio estudiantil universitario. Fue uno de los líderes de la histórica huelga de marzo de 1935. El 5 de febrero 1942 logró por fin habiendo regresado a las aulas, hacer su ejercicio de grado, obteniendo nota de sobresaliente, graduándose el 16 de marzo. Vestía bata blanca y trataba con humildad a sus semejantes. Algunos le criticaban, porque cuando el paciente le necesitaba no le preguntaba si tenía dinero para pagar, le atendía sin miramientos... En la década de los años 50 del siglo XX, Mario Muñoz Monroy, en la ciudad de Colón, provincia de Matanzas, estaba al tanto de las noticias, sabía que el futuro de la Patria no podría ser el de golpes de estado, represión, tiranía e inconstitucionalidad. Antes combatió a Gerardo Machado, porque amaba la justicia, era hombre cabal, por eso no dudó en enrolarse en el movimiento que pasó a la historia como la Generación del Centenario. De su casa de la calle Diago, hoy Museo Casa de los Mártires del Moncada, en Colón, partió en su auto hacia Santiago de Cuba para encontrarse con la historia. (1 Cumplía 41 años de edad, y es conocido su diálogo con Fidel Castro, líder del grupo de jóvenes martianos y revolucionarios que asaltaron la madrugada en aquel julio caluroso y

  17. Effect of forming technique BixSiyOz coatings obtained by sol- gel and supported on 316L stainless steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bautista Ruiz, J.; Olaya Flórez, J.; Aperador, W.

    2016-02-01

    BixSiyOz type coatings via sol-gel synthesized from bismuth nitrate pentahydrate, and tetraethyl orthosilicate as precursors; glacial acetic acid and 2-ethoxyethanol as solvents, and ethanolamine as complexing. The coatings were supported on AISI 316L stainless steel substrate through dip-coating and spin-coating techniques. The study showed that the spin-coating technique is efficient than dip-coating because it allows more dense and homogeneous films.

  18. Memorial and biographical history of Spain: El jinete polaco by Antonio Muñoz Molina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Oliver Fuentes Kraffczyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The novel El jinete polaco by Antonio Muñoz Molina is a highly complex work in which the narrator mixes multiple plotlines in an effort to recreate or remember part of his family past. In the process, the collective memory of the town and people of Mágina (an allegoric space that represents the peasant life of the olive growers of southern Spain appears as a rich and contradictory montage of dreams and failures. And in a third level of discourse, the recent past of Spain also emerges through the main historic al events: the civil war, the protracted military government, and the economic development and current consolidation of democracy. In order to achieve this complex and ambitious narrative project, in El jinete polaco time is not represented as uninterrupted historical timeline but as the rich mixture of the simultaneous experiences of different life courses in terms of both values and cultural patterns in order to understand how the rapid social change affects relations between the various age groups. In other words, time is constructed as a synthesis of the biographical dimension within collective memory and major historical events. This paper seeks to point out the similarities and differences between biographical discourse, collective memory and history.

  19. Syntactically Silent Subjects: Luis Muñoz and the Poetry of Ellipsis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Nantell

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Luis Muñoz (1966 is one of contemporary Spain’s most salient poets. His work has been described as demonstrating a discourse of ellipsis; yet no study has examined in detail his masterful use of syntactic and figurative omission. In fact, even though Muñoz’s published collections to date span two centuries, no single study has been devoted to his decidedly innovative expressivity. His work has been commented on in various panoramic essays considering contemporary poetry published in Spain at this temporal intersection and a number of his poems have been gathered into noteworthy anthologies of this same era. His poetry has been nominated for prestigious awards in Spain and in 2001 Correspondencias ‘Correspondences’ received the fourth Premio Internacional de Poesía del 27 as well as the Premio de Ojo Crítico de Poesía . The present study examines Muñoz’s most recent Querido silencio (2006 ‘Dear Silence’ where ellipsis figures prominently as the poet maximizes and exploits conceptual and linguistic efficiency. In one exemplary poem, “Dejar la poesía” ‘Leave Poetry,’ two syntactically silent subjects engage in an innovative conversation concerning the nature of poetry. At the same time this intriguing dialogue also offers a unique response to the essential question framing this poem and the collection as a whole: Why is poetry an addiction?

  20. The OzT8 locus in rice protects leaf carbon assimilation rate and photosynthetic capacity under ozone stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Charles P; Frei, Michael; Wissuwa, Matthias

    2011-07-01

    Tropospheric ozone (O₃) is a phytotoxic air pollutant whose current background concentrations in parts of East Asia have caused estimated rice yield losses of up to 20%; currently, however, little is known about the mechanisms of O₃ tolerance in rice. We previously identified a quantitative trait locus (QTL) in rice called OzT8, which was associated with relative dry weight under ozone stress. The photosynthetic response in SL46, a Nipponbare (NB)-Kasalath chromosome segment substitution line (SL) containing the OzT8 locus, was compared to the parent NB in multiple ozone fumigation experiments (100 ppb, 8 h d⁻¹, 23 d). By day 23, SL46 showed significantly less reduction of photosynthetic capacity compared to NB; the maximum carboxylation rate of ribulose 1·5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) decreased by 24% in SL46 compared to 49% in NB, and the maximum electron transport rate decreased by 16 and 39%, respectively. The midday carbon assimilation rates also showed a similar trend, but there was no genotypic difference in stomatal conductance. These results indicate that the OzT8 locus confers ozone tolerance via biochemical acclimation, not avoidance, making it a potentially valuable target for breeding of ozone tolerance into future rice lines. The sequence of photosynthetic response of rice to ozone stress and related tolerance factors are also discussed.

  1. Influence of Cu-site substitution on La2Ca1Ba2Cu5Oz superconducting system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhalodia, J. A.; Mankadia, S. R.; Dalsaniya, S. M.; Gonal, M. R.

    2012-07-01

    We have prepared a series of La2CaBa2Cu5-xCoxOz; x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0 (La-2125) compounds by the standard solid state reaction method and characterized for their structural, superconducting, magnetic properties and oxygen content through X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, d. c. resistivity, magnetic susceptibility and iodometric titration respectively. All the compounds crystallize with the tetragonal LaBa2Cu3Oz type structure, space group P4/mmm. Here the effect of higher Co substitution for Cu in the La2CaBa2Cu5-xCoxOz system has been studied. It is observed that only 2 at. % Co substitution for Cu destroys the superconductivity of the sample. For heavily doped samples (with x >= 0.1) are found non-superconducting presumably because of magnetic pair- breaking effect. These samples do not show superconductivity but are of interest for understanding the interplay between superconductivity and magnetism. Possible reasons for destruction of superconductivity are discussed in this communication.

  2. Foodborne disease in Australia: incidence, notifications and outbreaks. Annual report of the OzFoodNet network, 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    In 2002, OzFoodNet continued to enhance surveillance of foodborne diseases across Australia. The OzFoodNet network expanded to cover all Australian states and territories in 2002. The National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health together with OzFoodNet concluded a national survey of gastroenteritis, which found that there were 17.2 (95% C.I. 14.5-19.9) million cases of gastroenteritis each year in Australia. The credible range of gastroenteritis that may be due to food each year is between 4.0-6.9 million cases with a mid-point of 5.4 million. During 2002, there were 23,434 notifications of eight bacterial diseases that may have been foodborne, which was a 7.7 per cent increase over the mean of the previous four years. There were 14,716 cases of campylobacteriosis, 7,917 cases of salmonellosis, 505 cases of shigellosis, 99 cases of yersiniosis, 64 cases of typhoid, 62 cases of listeriosis, 58 cases of shiga toxin producing E. coli and 13 cases of haemolytic uraemic syndrome. OzFoodNet sites reported 92 foodborne disease outbreaks affecting 1,819 persons, of whom 5.6 per cent (103/1,819) were hospitalised and two people died. There was a wide range of foods implicated in these outbreaks and the most common agent was Salmonella Typhimurium. Sites reported two outbreaks with potential for international spread involving contaminated tahini from Egypt resulting in an outbreak of Salmonella Montevideo infection and an outbreak of suspected norovirus infection associated with imported Japanese oysters. In addition, there were three outbreaks associated with animal petting zoos or poultry hatching programs and 318 outbreaks of suspected person-to-person transmission. Sites conducted 100 investigations into clusters of gastrointestinal illness where a source could not be identified, including three multi-state outbreaks of salmonellosis. OzFoodNet identified important risk factors for foodborne disease infection, including: Salmonella infections due to chicken and

  3. Avaliação da sensibilidade da goiabeira 'Pedro Sato' ao ozônio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Maria de Moraes

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a sensibilidade da goiabeira 'Pedro Sato' ao ozônio (O3, em comparação à cultivar Paluma, descrita como sensível. Oito plantas de cada cultivar foram submetidas separadamente a ar filtrado e a ar filtrado + O3, cinco horas por dia, durante quatro dias. Foram avaliadas fotossíntese (Asat, injúrias foliares visíveis e concentração de antocianinas e taninos. Plantas das duas cultivares também foram expostas, durante três meses, a condições ambientais em local contaminado por O3, tendo-se avaliado fotossíntese, injúrias foliares e crescimento. Plantas fumigadas com O3 apresentaram redução de Asat e da atividade fotoquímica, além de manifestação de injúrias foliares. 'Paluma' apresentou maior redução de Asat, injúrias foliares mais severas e redução de taninos. Quando exposta ao ambiente contaminado, 'Paluma' apresentou trocas gasosas mais altas, mas apresentou redução de Asat 30 dias antes que 'Pedro Sato'. O crescimento não foi afetado em 'Pedro Sato', cujas injúrias foliares tiveram menor incidência, severidade e precocidade do que em 'Paluma'. A menor taxa de crescimento de 'Paluma' indica maior sensibilidade ao O3. Apesar de responder com menor intensidade ao estresse induzido pelo O3, a cultivar Pedro Sato não pode ser considerada tolerante, pois apresenta danos fotoquímicos, injúrias foliares e alterações nos conteúdos de metabólitos secundários quando exposta a esse poluente.

  4. Animales monstruosos en los cuentos fant??sticos y prospectivos de Juan Jacinto Mu??oz Rengel

    OpenAIRE

    ??lvarez M??ndez, Natalia

    2015-01-01

    A pesar de que el monstruo no es el motivo central de la po??tica de Mu??oz Rengel, muchos de sus relatos traslucen diversas figuraciones del mismo, todas ellas vinculadas a sus inquietudes filos??ficas y encaminadas al desarrollo de ideas conceptuales enfocadas a delimitar qu?? es la identidad y qu?? es la realidad. Entre ellas, al margen de sus bestiarios (aspecto que no tratar?? porque lo desarrollar?? Ana Abello Verano en su propuesta y as?? no habr?? repeticiones), sobresale en sus cuent...

  5. Narrar para contarlo: Labrando la memoria histórica en Beatus ille de Antonio Muñoz Molina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Corbellini

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available This essay attempts to analyze Muñoz Molina's discourse as a form of "new memory" of the facts and events prevailing in twentieth-century Spain. In his text, the author confronts the ®heroic history¼ of the Civil War and its poets, with the private life-stories of his characters. Beatus ille narrate a heroic discourse on the biography and works of a dark and forgotten writer of the Generación del 27, but the voice, placed emphatically in 1968, omits the moment in which the novel is written and published.

  6. Animales monstruosos en los cuentos fant??sticos y prospectivos de Juan Jacinto Mu??oz Rengel

    OpenAIRE

    ??lvarez M??ndez, Natalia

    2015-01-01

    A pesar de que el monstruo no es el motivo central de la po??tica de Mu??oz Rengel, muchos de sus relatos traslucen diversas figuraciones del mismo, todas ellas vinculadas a sus inquietudes filos??ficas y encaminadas al desarrollo de ideas conceptuales enfocadas a delimitar qu?? es la identidad y qu?? es la realidad. Entre ellas, al margen de sus bestiarios (aspecto que no tratar?? porque lo desarrollar?? Ana Abello Verano en su propuesta y as?? no habr?? repeticiones), sobresale en sus cuent...

  7. Measurement of beam-recoil observables Ox, Oz and target asymmetry for the reaction gamma p -> K Lambda

    CERN Document Server

    Llères, A

    2008-01-01

    The double polarization (beam-recoil) observables Ox and Oz have been measured for the reaction gamma p -> K Lambda from threshold production to Egamma = 1500 MeV. The data were obtained with the linearly polarized beam of the GRAAL facility. Values for the target asymmetry T could also be extracted despite the use of an unpolarized target. Analyses of our results by two isobar models tend to confirm the necessity to include new or poorly known resonances in the 1900 MeV mass region.

  8. Descorrer un velo: el sustrato cristiano de la concepción educativa de Mercedes Muñoz- Repiso

    OpenAIRE

    Cañón, Camino

    2010-01-01

    En estas páginas la autora utiliza el método del paradigma indicial como instrumento de inspiración y situar en un doble marco interpretativo algunos de los escritos de Mercedes Muñoz-Repiso. Sin pretender obtener un dibujo con perfiles nítidos de Mercedes como mujer creyente, ni de probar su pertenencia al proyecto educativo de Pedro Poveda, la autora encuentra indicios suficientes para mostrar la hondura apasionada de una mujer de fe profunda y el aire de familia povedana inconfundible que ...

  9. OzDES multi-fibre spectroscopy for the Dark Energy Survey: first-year operation and results

    CERN Document Server

    Yuan, Fang; Davis, T M; Childress, M; Abdalla, F B; Banerji, M; Buckley-Geer, E; Rosell, A Carnero; Carollo, D; Castander, F J; D'Andrea, C B; Diehl, H T; Cunha, C E; Foley, R J; Frieman, J; Glazebrook, K; Gschwend, J; Hinton, S; Jouvel, S; Kessler, R; Kim, A G; King, A L; Kuehn, K; Kuhlmann, S; Lewis, G F; Lin, H; Martini, P; McMahon, R G; Mould, J; Nichol, R C; Norris, R P; O'Neill, C R; Ostrovski, F; Papadopoulos, A; Parkinson, D; Reed, S; Romer, A K; Rooney, P J; Rozo, E; Rykoff, E S; Sako, M; Scalzo, R; Schmidt, B P; Scolnic, D; Seymour, N; Sharp, R; Sobreira, F; Sullivan, M; Thomas, R C; Tucker, D; Uddin, S A; Wechsler, R H; Wester, W; Wilcox, H; Zhang, B; Abbott, T; Allam, S; Bauer, A H; Benoit-Levy, A; Bertin, E; Brooks, D; Burke, D L; Kind, M Carrasco; Covarrubias, R; Crocce, M; da Costa, L N; DePoy, D L; Desai, S; Doel, P; Eifler, T F; Evrard, A E; Neto, A Fausti; Flaugher, B; Fosalba, P; Gaztanaga, E; Gerdes, D; Gruen, D; Gruendl, R A; Honscheid, K; James, D; Kuropatkin, N; Lahav, O; Li, T S; Maia, M A G; Makler, M; Marshall, J; Miller, C J; Miquel, R; Ogando, R; Plazas, A A; Roodman, A; Sanchez, E; Scarpine, V; Schubnell, M; Sevilla-Noarbe, I; Smith, R C; Soares-Santos, M; Suchyta, E; Swanson, M E C; Tarle, G; Thaler, J; Walker, A R

    2015-01-01

    OzDES is a five-year, 100-night, spectroscopic survey on the Anglo-Australian Telescope, whose primary aim is to measure redshifts of approximately 2,500 Type Ia supernovae host galaxies over the redshift range 0.1 < z < 1.2, and derive reverberation-mapped black hole masses for approximately 500 active galactic nuclei and quasars over 0.3 < z < 4.5. This treasure trove of data forms a major part of the spectroscopic follow-up for the Dark Energy Survey for which we are also targeting cluster galaxies, radio galaxies, strong lenses, and unidentified transients, as well as measuring luminous red galaxies and emission line galaxies to help calibrate photometric redshifts. Here we present an overview of the OzDES program and our first-year results. Between Dec 2012 and Dec 2013, we observed over 10,000 objects and measured more than 6,000 redshifts. Our strategy of retargeting faint objects across many observing runs has allowed us to measure redshifts for galaxies as faint as m_r=25 mag. We outline ...

  10. Figuras del desasosiego moderno. Homenaje a un Filósofo invicto: Jacobo Muñoz Veiga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenio Trías

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available One Fine Day : May 11, 2012 Saturday. . Complutense University of Madrid. Faculty of Philosophy and Letters. A stifling heat . And a tremendous enthusiasm. There gathered the cream , most unblemished of Philosophy Spanish to honor the great teacher, the undefeated thinker, that indefatigable worker , honor and glory of a country: James Muñoz Veiga . He presided over the intense days of morning and afternoon. At times , it seemed to me that the honoree was not Veiga but Jacobo Muñoz Jose Ortega y Gasset , prolific thinker , more controversial and even more relevant to modern and contemporary Spain . But no. Don José , removed from his chair by Franco cave, had to go into exile . And his return home was depressing. You will not be returned the chair . He received boos , insults, harsh criticism . And something similar happened with his disciples, the so-called School of Madrid : Xavier Zubiri , Gaos José María Zambrano, Luis Recaséns Siches , Manuel Granell , José Ferrater Mora , Paulino Garagorri , Julián Marías ... already said hispanoargentino philosopher Francisco Romero : the fate of the Spanish philosophers is exile (interior or exterior .

  11. Luis Muñoz Maluschka: un miembro de la "Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung" en el Ministerio de Obras Públicas de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavez Reyes, María Isabel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evoca la labor de un profesional chileno, el arquitecto y urbanista Luis Muñoz Maluschka (1896-1974, en el marco de un período de cincuenta años de aportes relevantes en planificación urbana y ordenamiento territorial realizados desde el Ministerio de Obras Públicas de Chile./The work of a Chilean professional architect and city planner, Luis Muñoz Maluschka (1896-1974 is commented. In fifty years he has made important contributions to urban planning and land arrangement from the Ministerio de Obras Publicas (Ministry of Public Works.

  12. José Antonio Muñoz Rojas and Pedro Espinosa: The sentiment of Nature in Las cosas del campo

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Luis Hernández Mirón

    2010-01-01

    The fascination that certain poets of the Generación del 36, José Antonio Muñoz Rojas (1909-2009) among them, held for certain figures of the Siglo de Oro, such as Juan de Jaúregui, Francisco de Rioja and Pedro Soto de Rojas, has prompted us to make a analysis of the importance attention given by Muñoz Rojas to the work of 17th century fellow poet Pedro Espinosa (1570-1650), also from Antequera. Such importance is evident in the work that he produced, mainly as a literature researcher and cri...

  13. Ortega y Gasset, José. Mission of the University. Edition: Jacobo Muñoz, Madrid: New Library, 2007 Ortega y Gasset, José.. Mission of the University. Madrid: The Archer, [1930] 1968.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Tovar-Torres

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The book Mission of the University in its edited by Jacobo Muñoz presents the academic community of the university thought analysis of José Ortega y Gasset (Madrid, 1883-1955. Jacobo Muñoz recognizes the importance in five sections of the book published in 1930 and its significance in Western universities ...

  14. Genre Analysis:Comparison between the Original Version of The Won-derful Wizard of Oz and One Version of Its Abridgements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    律琳琳

    2014-01-01

    The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a world-renowned novel . This essay compares the original version and one abridged version. The abridged version keeps the main plot of the original version and easy to read, but loses the embedded message and decreases pleasure of reading. It may help varied readers choose literary works and induct ELS teachers to arrange reading lists for students.

  15. Ozônio na esterilização de produtos para assistência à saúde: revisão integrativa da literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Silva Sousa

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Estudo de revisão integrativa da literatura com o objetivo de buscar evidências que subsidiem a incorporação do ozônio como agente esterilizante de produtos para saúde. A busca foi realizada nas bases MEDLINE, SCOPUS, COCHRANE, COMPENDEX, INSPEC E ENGINEERING RESEARCH DATABASE, utilizando-se os descritores ozone e sterilization. Foram obtidas cinco publicações, entre 1990 e 2008, que testaram o ozônio como esterilizante. Todas utilizaram o mesmo tipo de investigação (experimental laboratorial e alcançaram esterilização pelo ozônio, porém com variados escopos e produtos testados, além de diversos procedimentos metodológicos. Tendo em vista a incessante tecnologia de novos produtos, com ampla variedade de conformações e matéria-prima, os achados denotam o ozônio um método promissor, porém ainda em fase inicial de investigação. Mais estudos experimentais ainda são necessários, de maneira a subsidiar evidências mais amplas sobre suas possibilidades e limitações.

  16. Analysis of Bilingual Children's Performance on the English and Spanish Versions of the Woodcock-Muñoz Language Survey-R (WMLS-R)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandilos, Lia E.; Lewis, Kandia; Komaroff, Eugene; Hammer, Carol Scheffner; Scarpino, Shelley E.; Lopez, Lisa; Rodriguez, Barbara; Goldstein, Brian

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the way in which items on the Woodcock-Muñoz Language Survey Revised (WMLS-R) Spanish and English versions function for bilingual children from different ethnic subgroups who speak different dialects of Spanish. Using data from a sample of 324 bilingual Hispanic families and their children living on the…

  17. Conversion of ethanol to 1,3-butadiene over Na doped ZnxZryOz mixed metal oxides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baylon, Rebecca A.; Sun, Junming; Wang, Yong

    2016-01-01

    Despite numerous studies on different oxide catalysts for the ethanol to 1,3-butadiene reaction, few have identified active sites (i.e., type of acidity) correlated to the catalytic performances. In this work, the type of acidity needed for ethanol to 1,3-butadiene conversion has been studied over Zn/Zr mixed oxide catalysts. Specifically, synthesis method, Zn/Zr ratio, and Na doping have been used to control the surface acid-base properties, as confirmed by characterizations such as NH3-TPD and IR-Py techniques. The 2000 ppm Na doped Zn1Zr10Oz-H with balanced base and weak Bronsted acid sites was found to give not only high selectivity to 1,3-butadiene (47%) at near complete ethanol conversion (97%), but also exhibited a much higher 1,3-butadiene productivity than other mixed oxides studied.

  18. Académico Juan Jacobo Muñoz Delgado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoilo Cuellar Montoya

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available

    En la hermosa tierra de Pubén, madre y nodriza de uno de los más encumbrados pueblos de Colombia; en Popayán, ciudad procera de la patria, vino a la vida el doctor Juan Jacobo Muñoz Delgado, el 9 de mayo de 1923.

    Aprendió sus primeras letras en la villa natal y luego viajó a la capital, donde se hizo Médico en la Facultad correspondiente de la Universidad Nacional de Bogotá. En 1947 recibió su grado, con honores, con un trabajo de tesis titulado, “Psicodiagnóstico de Rorschach. Aplicaciones Clínicas”.

    Entre 1947 y 1952 se especializó en cirugía oncológica en Nueva York y en Inglaterra y, a su regreso al país, en 1952, ingresó al Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, aún bajo la sabia Dirección del doctor César Augusto Pantoja, en el cual entró a formar parte del Departamento de Cirugía. En los años 1958 y 1959 ocupó la Jefatura del Departamento de Cirugía General del Hospital de La Samaritana y desde 1960, y por largo ‘tiempo, fue Jefe de Cirugía del Instituto Nacional de Cancerología. Ocupa también puestos directivos en diferentes instituciones asistenciales.

    Con una inclinación nata a la docencia, fue profesor de su especialidad en la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional y en la de la Universidad Javeriana. Más tarde, entre 1965 y 1966, Ministro de Salud Pública y, posteriormente, entre 1971 y 1974, ocupó la cartera de Educación Nacional.

    Ingresó luego al campo diplomático y, en los años 1974 a 1977, fue Embajador de Colombia ante la UNESCO. Ya en Bogotá, se encargó de la Rectoría de la Universidad de los Andes entre 1978 y 1979, año en el cual, y en cumplimiento del Parágrafo 3 del Artículo 3 de la Ley 02 del 19 de enero de 1979, la Academia Nacional de Medicina 10 recibió como miembro Honorario, en su condición de ex Ministro de Salud.

    Entre 1979 y 19~1 ocupó la Dirección General del Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar, en la década de los

  19. TITLE: José Antonio Muñoz Rojas and Pedro Espinosa: The Sentiment of Nature in Las cosas del campo. TÍTULO: José Antonio Muñoz Rojas y Pedro Espinosa: el sentimiento de la naturaleza en Las cosas del campo

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Luis Hernández Mirón

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The fascination that certain poets of the Generación del 36, José Antonio Muñoz Rojas (1909-2009) among them, held for certain figures of the Siglo de Oro, such as Juan de Jaúregui, Francisco de Rioja and Pedro Soto de Rojas, has prompted us to make a analysis of the importance attention given by Muñoz Rojas to the work of 17th century fellow poet Pedro Espinosa (1570-1650), also from Antequera. Such importance is evident in the work that he produced, mainly as a literature research...

  20. Muñoz-Basols, Javier; Fouto, Catarina; Soler González, Laura; Fisher, Tyler (eds.) (2012): The limits of literary translation: Expanding frontiers in iberian languages. Kassel: Edition Reichenberger. 368 pp.

    OpenAIRE

    Jasmina Markič

    2013-01-01

    Muñoz-Basols, Javier; Fouto, Catarina; Soler González, Laura; Fisher, Tyler (eds.) (2012): The limits of literary translation: Expanding frontiers in iberian languages. Kassel: Edition Reichenberger. 368 pp.

  1. Muñoz-Basols, Javier; Fouto, Catarina; Soler González, Laura; Fisher, Tyler (eds. (2012: The limits of literary translation: Expanding frontiers in iberian languages. Kassel: Edition Reichenberger. 368 pp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Markič

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Muñoz-Basols, Javier; Fouto, Catarina; Soler González, Laura; Fisher, Tyler (eds. (2012: The limits of literary translation: Expanding frontiers in iberian languages. Kassel: Edition Reichenberger. 368 pp.

  2. Hybrid Co-deposition of Mixed-Valent Molybdenum-Germanium Oxides (MoxGeyOz): A Route to Tunable Optical Transmission (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-05

    ultraviolet– visible -near-infrared optical spectrophotometry ( UV –Vis–NIR). Structural properties of the as-deposited MoxGeyOz films, including roughness...photoelectron spectroscopy . 15. SUBJECT TERMS Magnetron sputtering, Ellipsometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy , Mixed oxides, Germanium oxide...photoelectron spectroscopy Mixed oxides Germanium oxide Molybdenum oxide Thin film Optical characterizationMixed-valent oxides of molybdenum and germanium

  3. Analysis of Bilingual Children’s Performance on the English and Spanish Versions of the Woodcock-Muñoz Language Survey-R (WMLS-R)

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the way in which items on the Woodcock-Muñoz Language Survey Revised (WMLS-R) Spanish and English versions function for bilingual children from different ethnic subgroups who speak different dialects of Spanish. Using data from a sample of 324 bilingual Hispanic families and their children living on the United States mainland, differential item functioning (DIF) was conducted to determine if test items in English and Spanish funct...

  4. Complete sequence of pOZ176, a 500-kilobase IncP-2 plasmid encoding IMP-9-mediated carbapenem resistance, from outbreak isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa 96.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Jianhui; Alexander, David C; Ma, Jennifer H; Déraspe, Maxime; Low, Donald E; Jamieson, Frances B; Roy, Paul H

    2013-08-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa 96 (PA96) was isolated during a multicenter surveillance study in Guangzhou, China, in 2000. Whole-genome sequencing of this outbreak strain facilitated analysis of its IncP-2 carbapenem-resistant plasmid, pOZ176. The plasmid had a length of 500,839 bp and an average percent G+C content of 57%. Of the 618 predicted open reading frames, 65% encode hypothetical proteins. The pOZ176 backbone is not closely related to any plasmids thus far sequenced, but some similarity to pQBR103 of Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25 was observed. Two multiresistant class 1 integrons and several insertion sequences were identified. The blaIMP-9-carrying integron contained aacA4 → bla(IMP-9) → aacA4, flanked upstream by Tn21 tnpMRA and downstream by a complete tni operon of Tn402 and a mer module, named Tn6016. The second integron carried aacA4 → catB8a → bla(OXA-10) and was flanked by Tn1403-like tnpRA and a sul1-type 3' conserved sequence (3'-CS), named Tn6217. Other features include three resistance genes similar to those of Tn5, a tellurite resistance operon, and two pil operons. The replication and maintenance systems exhibit similarity to a genomic island of Ralstonia solanacearum GM1000. Codon usage analysis suggests the recent acquisition of bla(IMP-9). The origins of the integrons on pOZ176 indicated separate horizontal gene transfer events driven by antibiotic selection. The novel mosaic structure of pOZ176 suggests that it is derived from environmental bacteria.

  5. Tribological properties of BixTiyOz films grown via RF sputtering on 316L steel substrates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna Parra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presentan los resultados obtenidos en el análisis químico superficial, la caracterización morfológica y evaluación de las propiedades tribológicas de recubrimientos de titanato de bismuto amorfo (BixTiyOz depositados sobre sustratos de acero inoxidable 316L utilizando la técnica de pulverización catódica rf. El análisis químico elemental se realizó por medio de espectroscopia de electrones Auger (EEA, la morfología de los recubrimientos se determinó mediante microscopia de fuerza atómica (MFA. Las medidas del coeficiente de fricción y la tasa de desgaste fueron obtenidas mediante pruebas de bola sobre disco. Los análisis de EEA permitieron establecer que los primeros 10 nm de los recubrimientos están formados probablemente por óxidos de Bi4Ti3O12 y Ti2O3, las medidas de AFM indican que los recubrimientos tienen una rugosidad promedio de 22.28nm y un tamaño de grano de 50nm. Finalmente, las pruebas tribológicas establecieron que el coeficiente de fricción y la tasa de desgaste del acero recubierto tiene valores similares al acero desnudo.

  6. Statistical analysis of short-term water stress conditions at Riggs Creek OzFlux tower site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azmi, Mohammad; Rüdiger, Christoph; Walker, Jeffrey P.

    2016-08-01

    A large range of indices and proxies are available to describe the water stress conditions of an area subject to different applications, which have varying capabilities and limitations depending on the prevailing local climatic conditions and land cover. The present study uses a range of spatio-temporally high-resolution (daily and within daily) data sources to evaluate a number of drought indices (DIs) for the Riggs Creek OzFlux tower site in southeastern Australia. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to evaluate the statistical characteristics of individual DIs subject to short-term water stress conditions. In order to derive a more general and therefore representative DI, a new criterion is required to specify the statistical similarity between each pair of indices to allow determining the dominant drought types along with their representative DIs. The results show that the monitoring of water stress at this case study area can be achieved by evaluating the individual behaviour of three clusters of (i) vegetation conditions, (ii) water availability and (iii) water consumptions. This indicates that it is not necessary to assess all individual DIs one by one to derive a comprehensive and informative data set about the water stress of an area; instead, this can be achieved by analysing one of the DIs from each cluster or deriving a new combinatory index for each cluster, based on established combination methods.

  7. WozARd: A Wizard of Oz Method for Wearable Augmented Reality Interaction—A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Günter Alce

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Head-mounted displays and other wearable devices open up for innovative types of interaction for wearable augmented reality (AR. However, to design and evaluate these new types of AR user interfaces, it is essential to quickly simulate undeveloped components of the system and collect feedback from potential users early in the design process. One way of doing this is the wizard of Oz (WOZ method. The basic idea behind WOZ is to create the illusion of a working system by having a human operator, performing some or all of the system’s functions. WozARd is a WOZ method developed for wearable AR interaction. The presented pilot study was an initial investigation of the capability of the WozARd method to simulate an AR city tour. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from 21 participants performing a simulated AR city tour. The data analysis focused on seven categories that can have an impact on how the WozARd method is perceived by participants: precision, relevance, responsiveness, technical stability, visual fidelity, general user-experience, and human-operator performance. Overall, the results indicate that the participants perceived the simulated AR city tour as a relatively realistic experience despite a certain degree of technical instability and human-operator mistakes.

  8. José Antonio Muñoz Rojas and Pedro Espinosa: The sentiment of Nature in Las cosas del campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Luis Hernández Mirón

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The fascination that certain poets of the Generación del 36, José Antonio Muñoz Rojas (1909-2009 among them, held for certain figures of the Siglo de Oro, such as Juan de Jaúregui, Francisco de Rioja and Pedro Soto de Rojas, has prompted us to make a analysis of the importance attention given by Muñoz Rojas to the work of 17th century fellow poet Pedro Espinosa (1570-1650, also from Antequera. Such importance is evident in the work that he produced, mainly as a literature researcher and critic in the nineteen-fifties, but also in his own work as an author. Therefore, we analyze the poetic influences of Espinosa in Las cosas del campo, a work written between 1946 and 1947, during Muñoz Rojas’ last years in Andalusia before he took up residence in Madrid at the outset of the fifties. Furthermore, and specifically, we make an in-depth study of the parallelisms we find: insofar as the treatment afforded to Nature and certain features of style.

  9. Utilização do Ozônio no Tratamento Pós-Colheita do Tomate (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Simão

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O armazenamento de hortaliças no período pós-colheita é fator preocupante na logística de produtos perecíveis no ramo do agronegócio. Este artigo tem como objetivo mostrar o emprego do gás Ozônio (O3 para o aumento de vida de prateleira de frutos de tomate a fim de mantê-los adequados por mais tempo para a comercialização. Exemplares da cultivar Débora foram tratados com 1 ppm (vol/vol de Ozônio durante 24 horas a 25°C e 65% de umidade relativa. Qualidades físicas como perda de massa, estádio de maturação, injúria e senescência foram avaliadas após 15 dias de armazenamento. Comparados com uma amostra de controle, os frutos tratados com Ozônio apresentaram menos perda de massa, menor porcentagem de injúrias causada por fungos e maior retardamento no apodrecimento, mas pouca diferença quanto ao nível de maturação.

  10. Efficacy of OZ439 (artefenomel) against early Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage malaria infection in healthy volunteers

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, James S.; Baker, Mark; O'Rourke, Peter; Marquart, Louise; Griffin, Paul; Hooft van Huijsduijnen, Rob; Möhrle, Jörg J.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives OZ439, or artefenomel, is an investigational synthetic ozonide antimalarial with similar potency, but a significantly improved pharmacokinetic profile, compared with artemisinins. We wished to measure key pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters and the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationship of artefenomel in humans to guide the drug's further development as combination therapy in patients. Patients and methods We tested artefenomel in the human induced blood-stage malaria (IBSM) model. Plasmodium infection was monitored by quantitative PCR (qPCR) and upon reaching 1000 parasites/mL single doses of 100, 200 and 500 mg of artefenomel were administered orally with evaluation of drug exposure and parasitaemia until rescue treatment after 16 days or earlier, if required. Results A single 100 mg dose had only a transient effect, while the 200 mg dose resulted in a significant reduction in parasitaemia before early recrudescence. At the highest (500 mg) dose, initial clearance of parasites below the limit of detection of qPCR was observed, with a 48 h parasite reduction ratio (PRR48) >10 000 and a parasite clearance half-life of 3.6 h (95% CI 3.4–3.8 h). However, at this dose, recrudescence was seen in four of eight subjects 6–10 days after treatment. Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modelling predicted an MIC of 4.1 ng/mL. Conclusions These results confirm the antimalarial potential of artefenomel for use in a single-exposure combination therapy. The observations from this study support and will assist further clinical development of artefenomel. PMID:27272721

  11. Phase equilibria and crystal chemistry of the CaO-½Gd2O3-CoOz system at 885 °C in air

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong-Ng, W.; Laws, W.; Lapidus, S. H.; Ribaud, L.; Kaduk, J. A.

    2017-10-01

    The CaO-½Gd2O3-CoOz system prepared at 885 °C in air consists of two thermoelectric calcium cobaltate compounds, namely, the 2D thermoelectric oxide solid solution, (Ca3-xGdx)Co4O9-z (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.42) which has a misfit layered structure, and the 1D Ca3Co2O6 compound which consists of chains of alternating CoO6 trigonal prisms and CoO6 octahedra. Ca3Co2O6 was found to be a point compound. In the peripheral binary systems, Gd was not present in the Ca site of CaO, while a small solid solution region was identified for (Gd1-xCax)O(3-z)/2 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.075). A solid solution region of distorted perovskite, (Gd1-xCax)CoO3-z (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.24, space group Pnma) was established. The structure of a member of the solid solution, (Gd0.92Ca0.08)CoO3-z, was determined using high resolution synchrotron radiation. A ternary oxide compound CaGdCoO4-z which has an orthorhombic structure (Bmab) was found to be stable at this temperature. Five solid solution tie-line regions and six three-phase regions were determined in the CaO-½Gd2O3-CoOz system. A comparison of the phase diagrams of the CaO-½R2O3-CoOz (R = La, Sm and Gd) systems is provided.

  12. La riproduzione fotografica dell'Ottateuco di Smirne dal fondo di Antonio Muñoz presso la Fondazione Federico Zeri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Calanna

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available L’oggetto di studio di questo contributo è la riproduzione fotografica dell’Ottateuco di Smirne, codice miniato del XII secolo di scuola costantinopolitana, distrutto da un incendio nel 1922 durante la guerra greco-turca. Fino ad allora l’antico codice era conservato all’interno della Biblioteca della Scuola Evangelica di Smirne, l’attuale Izmir. Presso la Fondazione Federico Zeri di Bologna si conserva l’unica riproduzione fotografica integrale delle miniature del codice finora conosciuta. Le 329 fotografie sono giunte nella Fototeca grazie ad Antonio Muñoz (1884-1960 che le dona al cugino Federico Zeri (1921-1998 intorno alla fine degli anni Cinquanta del Novecento. Muñoz, noto storico dell’arte romano, studia per molti anni la miniatura bizantina e altomedievale, sia in Italia che nei paesi del Mediterraneo. Durante i suoi soggiorni a Istanbul ha la possibilità di consultare gli antichi codici conservati presso la Biblioteca del Serraglio. Proprio in virtù delle sue conoscenze in materia, nel 1905 collabora con il suo maestro Adolfo Venturi alla realizzazione della mostra italo-bizantina di Grottaferrata, prima esposizione europea interamente dedicata a opere e manufatti bizantini. Muñoz negli anni raccoglie un numero cospicuo di immagini (circa 2.500, che conserva nella sua fototeca privata. I suoi studi si concentrano anche sulle fotografie dell’Ottateuco di Smirne, lo dimostrano le numerose annotazioni manoscritte sul retro delle immagini e sui supporti cartacei che le contengono. Mediante questo contributo mi propongo di confrontarle con le fotografie dell’Ottateuco pubblicate nel 1909 da Dirk Christiaan Hesseling, facendo emergere analogie e differenze.

  13. Key Roles of Lewis Acid-base Pairs on ZnxZryOz in Direct Ethanol/Acetone to Isobutene Conversion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Junming; Baylon, Rebecca A.; Liu, Changjun; Mei, Donghai; Martin, Kevin J.; Venkitasubramanian, Padmesh; Wang, Yong

    2016-01-20

    The effects of surface acidity on the cascade ethanol-to-isobutene conversion were studied using ZnxZryOz catalysts. The ethanol-to-isobutene reaction was found to be limited by the secondary reaction of the key intermediate, acetone, namely the acetone-to-isobutene reaction. Although the catalysts with coexisting Brønsted acidity could catalyze the rate-limiting acetone-to-isobutene reaction, the presence of Brønsted acidity is also detrimental. First, secondary isobutene isomerization is favored, producing a mixture of butene isomers. Second, undesired polymerization and coke formation prevail, leading to rapid catalyst deactivation. Most importantly, both steady-state and kinetic reaction studies as well as FTIR analysis of adsorbed acetone-d6 and D2O unambiguously showed that a highly active and selective nature of balanced Lewis acid-base pairs was masked by the coexisting Brønsted acidity in the aldolization and self-deoxygenation of acetone to isobutene. As a result, ZnxZryOz catalysts with only Lewis acid-base pairs were discovered, on which nearly a theoretical selectivity to isobutene (~88.9%) was successfully achieved, which has never been reported before. Moreover, the absence of Brønsted acidity in such ZnxZryOz catalysts also eliminates the side isobutene isomerization and undesired polymerization/coke reactions, resulting in the production of high purity isobutene with significantly improved catalyst stability (< 2% activity loss after 200 h time-on-stream). This work not only demonstrates a balanced Lewis acid-base pair for the highly active and selective cascade ethanol-to-isobutene reaction, but also sheds light on the rational design of selective and robust acid-base catalyst for C-C coupling via aldolization reaction.

  14. Potential use of ozone in the food processingPotencialidades do uso do ozônio no processamento de alimentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Curtinovi Geyer

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Ozone is a colorless and unstable gas with pungent smell and partially soluble in water, which is characterized by its high oxidant power. It is a strong agent disinfectant with high power germicidal properties acting in the inactivation of a wide variety of pathogenic organisms, including bacteria, virus and protozoa, presenting a germicidal efficiency that exceeds chlorine. Ozonization has become well-known in recent decades due to implementation of standards increasingly restrictive concerning the by-products of chlorination. Unlike chlorine, ozone do not form halogenated compounds with organic matter. However, it may form several other organic and inorganic. In the food industry, ozone can be use in sanitization processes of equipments and surfaces, as well as in the direct use on foodstuff in order to inactivate microorganisms and to extend shelf-life of food products.O ozônio é um gás incolor de odor pungente, instável e parcialmente solúvel em água, que se destaca por seu elevado poder oxidante. É um forte agente desinfetante com ação sobre uma grande variedade de organismos patogênicos, incluindo bactérias, vírus e protozoários, apresentado uma eficiência germicida que excede ao cloro. O uso do ozônio tornou-se notório nas últimas décadas em função da implementação de padrões cada vez mais restritos em relação aos subprodutos da cloração. Ao contrário do cloro, o ozônio não forma subprodutos halogenados com a matéria orgânica, mas pode induzir a formação de outros subprodutos orgânicos e inorgânicos. Na indústria de alimentos, o ozônio pode ser utilizado em processos de sanitização de superfícies e equipamentos, bem como no uso direto sobre as matérias-primas com o objetivo de inativar microrganismos e aumentar a vida-de-prateleira dos produtos alimentícios.

  15. EVALUACIÓN DE LAS COMPETENCIAS LABORALES Y SU INFLUENCIA EN LA CALIDAD DEL SERVICIO DEL HOSPITAL “DR. MARIO MUÑOZ MONROY”

    OpenAIRE

    Lázaro Quintana Tápanes; Yadney Miranda Lorenzo; Varna Hernández Junco

    2009-01-01

    En el artículo se identifican, evalúan las competencias laborales a nivel organizacional, de procesos clínicos – quirúrgicos y se determina su influencia en la calidad del servicio del Hospital “Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy”. Se elaboran los perfiles de competencias correspondientes y se calcula el indicador desviación compe...

  16. El arte, la mirada y la intimidad en Ventanas de Manhattan, de Antonio Muñoz Molina

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Entre los relatos de Antonio Muñoz Molina, quizá sea Ventanas de Manhattan (2004) aquel que explora con mayor intensidad un motivo recurrente en su obra: la observación del entorno y de las huellas del pasado. En este texto híbrido, que participa de la crónica periodística, el libro de viajes, el ensayo y la novela, dividido en secuencias que a veces constituyen verdaderos microrrelatos, Nueva York se presenta como el espacio del anonimato y la indiferencia, donde “estar viendo y no mirar ...

  17. Analysis of the kinematic and support properties of a longwall shield support on the example of the FAZOS-12/28-Oz support

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Losiak, S.; Blaschke, J.; Krauze, K.; Ptak, J. (Akademia Gorniczo-Hutnicza, Cracow (Poland). Instytut Maszyn Gorniczych, Przerobczych i Automatyki)

    1992-07-01

    Proposes a mathematical model of the FAZOS-12/28-Oz lemniscate support and methods of calculating magnitudes characteristic of the functional properties of the support in its various exploitation conditions. The model and calculation results are provided. They allow permissible loads, forces at kinematic nodes of a support set, and its stability to be determined. The results can be represented graphically. They can also be useful in designing new support types. Kinematic diagrams of the basic parts of the support are shown. Variation of forces along a roof bar is shown in graphs. 5 refs.

  18. ‘Juan Alberto Kurz Muñoz and his academic contribution to the study of the history of Russian art’ [Juan Alberto Kurz Muñoz y su aportación a la historiografía del arte ruso. In: Ars longa: cuadernos de arte, 2010, No. 19: 29-38.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ester Alba Pagán

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This is a biographical and bibliographical article, describing and analysing the most important contributions to the world of art by the art historian Juan Alberto Kurz Muñoz. He was a pioneer in the study and promotion of Russian-Soviet art in Spain. He introduced studies of Russian art in the University of Valencia in the last years of Franco and the years of the Spanish transition.

  19. Efeito do conteúdo e da natureza da lignina residual na eficiência e na seletividade do branqueamento com ozônio Effect of residual lignin content and nature on the efficiency and selectivity of ozone bleaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elenice Pereira Maia

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo foram avaliados os efeitos do conteúdo e da natureza da lignina residual na eficiência e na seletividade do branqueamento com ozônio de polpa kraft convencional (kraft e pré-deslignificada com oxigênio (kraft-O. Constatou-se que a eficiência do branqueamento com ozônio se eleva com o aumento do conteúdo de lignina residual da polpa. O tratamento com ozônio é mais seletivo para polpas kraft-O, mas para um mesmo tipo de polpa a seletividade de branqueamento com ozônio se eleva com o aumento de lignina residual. A eficiência do branqueamento com ozônio aumenta com o teor de lignina fenólica na polpa, entretanto a seletividade é negativamente afetada pela presença destas estruturas.This study aimed to evaluate the effect of residual lignin content and nature on the efficiency and selectivity of ozone bleaching of conventional (kraft and oxygen delignified (kraft-O pulps. Ozone bleaching efficiency was found to be enhanced by increasing pulp residual lignin content. Ozone treatment is more selective for kraft-O pulps, but for a given type of pulp (kraft or kraft-O, ozone bleaching selectivity increases with increasing pulp lignin content. Ozone bleaching efficiency increases with increasing pulp lignin phenolic hydroxyl content whereas selectivity is negatively affected by these structures.

  20. Ética e estética em dois romances polifônicos: Uma certa paz e A caixa preta, de Amós Oz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berta Waldman

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Publicado originalmente em Israel, 1982, Menuhá Nehoná, e lançado no Brasil apenas em 2010 com o título Uma certa paz, o livro do consagrado escritor Amós Oz concentra-se no intervalo entre os anos 1965 e 1967, período imediatamente anterior à Guerra dos Seis Dias, que transformou o Estado de Israel de maneira radical. Foi depois dessa guerra que Israel desenvolveu a ambição pelos territórios ocupados e começou a utilizar a força militar como meio de conquistá‑los. A violência e o confronto das personagens entre si e com a sociedade propiciam questionamentos éticos que extrapolam o plano temático, marcando presença em estratégias de construção do romance, que culminam na polifonia, que transparece mais bem elaborada e de forma radical em outro romance de Amós Oz, A caixa preta

  1. LA VOZ NARRATIVA COMO COMPROMISO CON LA VERDAD ANÁLISIS DEL NARRADOR EN LA NOVELA LA NOCHE DE LOS TIEMPOS, DE MUÑOZ MOLINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Arroyas

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Este artículo consiste en un análisis de la voz narrativa de la novela La noche de los tiempos, según un modelo comunicativo que abarca tanto aspectos sintácticos y semánticos como pragmáticos que permitan arrojar luz sobre el sentido del texto. Desde un enfoque pragmático se analiza la finalidad de la narración como acto comunicativo en la que se plantea la relación del discurso con su contexto y del enunciador con el enunciatario. La elección de la voz narrativa y su focalización es uno de los grandes aciertos de esta novela de Muñoz Molina, puesto que en ella reside su verosimilitud y su carácter ético. Abstract: This article examines the narrative voice of La noche de los tiempos, a novel by Antonio Muñoz Molina, according to a communicative model that treats syntactic, semantic, and pragmatics aspects that shed light on the meaning of the text.From a pragmatic perspective I analyze the purpose of the narrative as a communicative act which establishes a relationship of the discourse to its context and of the narrator to the narratee. The choice of narrative voice and its focalization is one of the great achievements of this novel, since it is the source of the work’s verisimilitude and ethical character.

  2. Structural Evolution and Atom Clustering in β-SiAlON: β-Si6-zAlzOzN8-z.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cozzan, Clayton; Griffith, Kent J; Laurita, Geneva; Hu, Jerry G; Grey, Clare P; Seshadri, Ram

    2017-02-20

    SiAlON ceramics, solid solutions based on the Si3N4 structure, are important, lightweight structural materials with intrinsically high strength, high hardness, and high thermal and chemical stability. Described by the chemical formula β-Si6-zAlzOzN8-z, from a compositional viewpoint, these materials can be regarded as solid solutions between Si3N4 and Al3O3N. A key aspect of the structural evolution with increasing Al and O (z in the formula) is to understand how these elements are distributed on the β-Si3N4 framework. The average and local structural evolution of highly phase-pure samples of β-Si6-zAlzOzN8-z with z = 0.050, 0.075, and 0.125 are studied here, using a combination of X-ray diffraction, NMR studies, and density functional theory calculations. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction establishes sample purity and indicates subtle changes in the average structure with increasing Al content in these compounds. Solid-state magic-angle-spinning (27)Al NMR experiments, coupled with detailed ab initio calculations of NMR spectra of Al in different AlOqN4-q tetrahedra (0 ≤ q ≤ 4), reveal a tendency of Al and O to cluster in these materials. Independently, the calculations suggest an energetic preference for Al-O bond formation, instead of a random distribution, in the β-SiAlON system.

  3. Închisoarea federală Oz - Un model de reprezentare mediatică a comunicării în grupurile din instituțiile închise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George ANGHELCEV

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The article seeks to explore the particular features of group communication networks and processes in the media-created environment of Oz, The Federal Prison. Specific characteristics of the OZ groups, their members, internal and external group pressures, distribution of status and group formation are analyzed by retorting to group communication theories and the pioneering work of American sociologist Ervin Goffman on prisons as total institutions. The analysis applies theorethical concepts to individual characters and actual contexts depicted throughout the series.

  4. Estrategia metodológica para capacitar al tutor de la Vanguardia Mario Muñoz. Una experiencia camagüeyana Methodological strategy to qualify tutors of the vanguards movement Mario Muñoz. A Camagüeyan experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismet Batista Hernández

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available La insuficiente preparación teórica-metodológica de los tutores de la Vanguardia Mario Muñoz Monroy se identificó como el problema científico abordado en la tesis de maestría: Estrategia metodológica para capacitar al tutor de la “Vanguardia Mario Muñoz” de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey, por lo que se trazó como objetivo diseñar una estrategia metodológica dirigida a la capacitación de estos tutores de la carrera de Medicina. Se emplearon métodos del nivel empírico y teórico. Entre los resultados se destacaron: el diseño de la estrategia metodológica conformada por la planificación de talleres teórico-metodológicos para el perfeccionamiento de la labor del tutor de la Vanguardia Mario Muñoz y la elaboración de un material complementario.The insufficient theoretic-methodological preparation of tutors of the Vanguards movement Mario Muñoz Monroy has been identified as the scientific problem rose on the master’s degree thesis: Methodological strategy to qualify tutors of the Vanguards movement “Mario Muñoz” at Medical University in Camagüey. The main objective was to design a methodological strategy meant for tutors of Medical degree. Several theoretical and empirical methods were implemented. As a significant result it could be mentioned: the design of a methodological strategy conformed by the planning of theoretic-methodological workshops for the improvement of the tutors work within the movement and by the creation of a complementary material.

  5. Un Andalou au Pays basque. Ardor guerrero de Muñoz Molina (1995) : problèmes identitaires pendant la Transition espagnole (1975-1982)

    OpenAIRE

    Elvire Diaz

    2007-01-01

    L’écrivain, journaliste et académicien, Antonio Muñoz Molina (Jaén, 1956) retrace dans Ardor guerrero, roman à caractère autobiographique, son expérience militaire en tant qu’appelé, affecté au Pays Basque, entre octobre 1979 et décembre 1980. Dans un contexte de transition politique et idéologique, qui définit les Statuts d’autonomie des anciennes régions « historiques», le narrateur-personnage d’Ardor guerrero décrit et analyse non seulement la rudesse de la vie militaire dans la caserne de...

  6. Un Andalou au Pays basque. Ardor guerrero de Muñoz Molina (1995 : problèmes identitaires pendant la Transition espagnole (1975-1982

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvire Diaz

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available L’écrivain, journaliste et académicien, Antonio Muñoz Molina (Jaén, 1956 retrace dans Ardor guerrero, roman à caractère autobiographique, son expérience militaire en tant qu’appelé, affecté au Pays Basque, entre octobre 1979 et décembre 1980. Dans un contexte de transition politique et idéologique, qui définit les Statuts d’autonomie des anciennes régions « historiques», le narrateur-personnage d’Ardor guerrero décrit et analyse non seulement la rudesse de la vie militaire dans la caserne de...

  7. Biografía y obra poética de María Luisa Muñoz de Vargas

    OpenAIRE

    Colchero Cervantes, Esther María

    2015-01-01

    Falta palabras clave El propósito de este trabajo es sacar a la luz la vida y obra de María Luisa Muñoz de Vargas (1898-1975), una de las figuras más destacadas dentro del panorama literario y cultural onubense de comienzos del siglo XX y del conjunto de la escritura femenina andaluza en esos años. Esta autora escribió literatura en revistas y periódicos, de carácter nacional y local, en unos años de profundos cambios a nivel político, económico y tecnológico en España. María Luisa Muño...

  8. José Antonio Muñoz Rojas y Pedro Espinosa: el sentimiento de la naturaleza en Las cosas del campo.

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Mirón, Juan Luis

    2010-01-01

    El interés que los poetas de la generación del 36 y, entre ellos, José Antonio Muñoz Rojas (1909-2009), prestaron a algunas figuras del Siglo de Oro como Juan de Jáuregui, Francisco de Rioja y Pedro Soto de Rojas, nos lleva a analizar la atención que el poeta antequerano presta a otro poeta paisano del siglo XVII, a Pedro Espinosa (1578-1650), en primer lugar, en su labor de investigación y de crítica literaria, desempeñada fundamentalmente en la década de los cincuenta, y en su propia obra l...

  9. Plate-forme Magicien d'Oz pour l'\\'etude de l'apport des ACAs \\`a l'interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Simonin, Jérôme; Carbonell, Noëlle

    2007-01-01

    In order to evaluate the contribution of Embodied (Animated) Conversational Agents (ECAs) to the effectiveness and usability of human-computer interaction, we developed a software platform meant to collect usage data. This platform, which implements the wizard of Oz paradigm, makes it possible to simulate user interfaces integrating ACAs for any Windows software application. It can also save and "replay" a rich interaction trace including user and system events, screen captures, users' speech and eye fixations. This platform has been used to assess users' subjective judgements and reactions to a multimodal online help system meant to facilitate the use of software for the general public (Flash). The online help system is embodied using a 3D talking head (developed by FT R&D) which "says" oral help messages illustrated with Flash screen copies.

  10. Biografía y obra poética de María Luisa Muñoz de Vargas

    OpenAIRE

    Colchero Cervantes, Esther María

    2015-01-01

    Falta palabras clave El propósito de este trabajo es sacar a la luz la vida y obra de María Luisa Muñoz de Vargas (1898-1975), una de las figuras más destacadas dentro del panorama literario y cultural onubense de comienzos del siglo XX y del conjunto de la escritura femenina andaluza en esos años. Esta autora escribió literatura en revistas y periódicos, de carácter nacional y local, en unos años de profundos cambios a nivel político, económico y tecnológico en España. María Luisa Muño...

  11. Novela Los dorados, de Sergio Muñoz: Jerarquización y exclusión en la sociedad costarricense

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    María Eugenia Rojas Rodríguez

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available El texto de Sergio Muñoz devela una problemática socioeconómica del pueblo costarricense, la cual es palpable y visible. El aporte de su relato es que descarna a los personajes contando su historia de manera que supera la realidad con el diálogo que mantiene con el lector. La vida cotidiana de la novela transcurre en las coordenadas de la vida urbana marginal de los seres humanos excluidos. Es un relato de los de abajo que narra las miserias internas y externas de diversos personajes: drogadictos, alcohólicos, prostitutas, madres solteras, privados de libertad que, en algunos casos, ya han cumplido su condena; además, presenta a vendedores ambulantes, invasores de tierra, niños (as, hombres y mujeres que tratan de sobrevivir en este mundo tan desigual.

  12. TITLE: José Antonio Muñoz Rojas and Pedro Espinosa: The Sentiment of Nature in Las cosas del campo. TÍTULO: José Antonio Muñoz Rojas y Pedro Espinosa: el sentimiento de la naturaleza en Las cosas del campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Luis Hernández Mirón

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: The fascination that certain poets of the Generación del 36, José Antonio Muñoz Rojas (1909-2009 among them, held for certain figures of the Siglo de Oro, such as Juan de Jaúregui, Francisco de Rioja and Pedro Soto de Rojas, has prompted us to make a analysis of the importance attention given by Muñoz Rojas to the work of 17th century fellow poet Pedro Espinosa (1570-1650, also from Antequera. Such importance is evident in the work that he produced, mainly as a literature researcher and critic in the nineteen-fifties, but also in his own work as an author. Therefore, we analyze the poetic influences of Espinosa in Las cosas del campo, a work written between 1946 and 1947, during Muñoz Rojas’ last years in Andalusia before he took up residence in Madrid at the outset of the fifties. Furthermore, and specifically, we make an in-depth study of the parallelisms we find: insofar as the treatment afforded to Nature and certain features of style. RESUMEN: El interés que los poetas de la generación del 36 y, entre ellos, José Antonio Muñoz Rojas (1909-2009, prestaron a algunas figuras del Siglo de Oro como Juan de Jáuregui, Francisco de Rioja y Pedro Soto de Rojas, nos lleva a analizar la atención que el poeta antequerano presta a otro poeta paisano del siglo XVII, a Pedro Espinosa (1578-1650, en primer lugar, en su labor de investigación y de crítica literaria, desempeñada fundamentalmente en la década de los cincuenta, y en su propia obra literaria. Estudiamos, por este motivo, la huella poética de Espinosa en Las cosas del campo, una obra escrita entre 1946 y 1947, en los últimos años vividos por el poeta en Andalucía antes de iniciar la nueva etapa madrileña al comienzo de los cincuenta; nos detenemos, especialmente, en los paralelismos que presentan: en el tratamiento de la Naturaleza y en los rasgos de estilo.

  13. Crystal chemistry and phase equilibria of the CaO-½Eu2O3-CoOz system at 885 °C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong-Ng, W.; Laws, W.; Kaduk, J. A.

    2016-08-01

    The CaO-½Eu2O3-CoOz system prepared at 885 °C in air consists of two calcium cobaltate compounds, namely, the 2D thermoelectric oxide solid solution, (Ca3-xEux)Co4O9-z (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) which has a misfit layered structure, and the 1D Ca3Co2O6 compound which consists of chains of alternating CoO6 trigonal prisms and CoO6 octahedra. Ca3Co2O6 was found to be a point compound without the substitution of Eu on the Ca site when prepared at 885 °C. A solid solution region of distorted perovskite, (Eu1-xCax)CoO3-z (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.22, space group Pnma) was established. The (Eu0.91(1)Ca0.09(1))CoO3-z perovskite member has a distorted structure with tilt angles θ (17.37°), ϕ (8.20°), and ω (19.16°) which represent rotations of an octahedron about the pseudo-cubic perovskite [110]p, [001]p and [111]p axes. The reported Eu2CoO4 phase was not observed at 885 °C, but a ternary Ca-doped oxide, (Eu1+xCa1-x)CoO4-z (Bmab) where 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.10 was found to be stable at this temperature. In the peripheral binary systems, Eu was not present in the Ca site of CaO, while a small solid solution region was identified for (Eu1-xCax)O(3-z)/2 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.05). Seven solid solution tie-line regions and six three-phase regions were determined in the CaO-½Eu2O3-CoOz system in air.

  14. Decomposition kinetics of gaseous ozone in peanuts Cinética da decomposição do gás ozônio em amendoim

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    Ernandes R. de Alencar

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to evaluate the decomposition kinetics of gaseous ozone in peanut grains. This evaluation was made with 1-kg peanut samples, moisture contents being 7.1 and 10.5% wet basis (w.b., placed in 3-liter glass containers. The peanut grains were ozonated at the concentration of 450 µg L-1, at 25 and 35 ºC, with gas flow rates of 1.0 and 3.0 L min-1. Time of saturation was determined by quantifying the residual concentration of ozone after the gas passed through the grains to constant mass. The decomposition kinetics of ozone was evaluated after the grain mass was ozone-saturated. For the peanut grains whose moisture content was 7.1% (w.b., at 25 and 35ºC and with flow rates of 1.0 and 3.0 L min-1, the values obtained for time of saturation of gaseous ozone ranged between 173 and 192 min; the concentration of saturation was approximately 260 µg L-1. For the grains whose moisture content was 10.5% (w.b., a higher residual concentration of gaseous ozone was obtained at 25 ºC, that of 190 µg L-1. As regards the half-life of ozone, the highest value obtained was equivalent to 7.7 min for grains ozonated at 25 ºC, while for those with moisture content of 10.5% at 35 ºC, half-life was 3.2 min. In the process of ozone decomposition in peanut grains, temperature was concluded to be the key factor. An increase of 10 ºC in the temperature of the grains results in a decrease of at least 43% in the half-life of ozone.Este trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de avaliar a cinética de decomposição do ozônio em grãos de amendoim. Para avaliar a cinética de decomposição do gás, utilizaram-se amostras de 1 kg de amendoim, com teores de água de 7,1 e 10,5% base úmida (b.u., acondicionadas em recipientes de vidro com capacidade de 3 L. Os grãos de amendoim foram ozonizados na concentração de 450 µg L-1, nas temperaturas de 25 e 35 ºC, e vazões do gás de 1,0 e 3,0 L min-1. Determinou-se o tempo de satura

  15. Los condes Fruela Muñoz y Pedro Flaínez: la formación de un patrimonio señorial

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    García Leal, Alfonso

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available

    The Asturian count Fruela Muñoz and the León count Pedro Flaínez acquired an inmense wealth during their lives. In the case of the former, it mostly concentrated on the area known as Viñayo, whereas the latter's in Valdoré, both in León. They developed their public activities in the second half of the 10th century and the first half of the 11th century. Their biographies and activities have many things in common. They both enjoyed a long life in the mountain area of Asturias and León and during which they acquired a great number of properties from legacies and from the profits of their own businesses and judicial acts. The marriage of Fruela Muñoz's only daughter to Pedro Laínez's son ensured the cohesion of their properties, which were transmitted through several generations until their descendant María Núñez donated them to the monastery of St. María de Otero de las Dueñas in León. In this study, we shall be paying attention to their biographies, to the emergence of their wealth and its description, in the light of the documents kept in the count archives from the oldest fund of parchments at the monastery of Otero.



    En la segunda mitad del siglo X y en la primera del XI se desarrolla la actividad pública del conde asturiano Fruela Muñoz y del conde leonés Pedro Flaínez, quienes a lo largo de su vida reúnen un importante patrimonio que, en el caso del primero, se concentra sobre todo en torno a la localidad leonesa de Viñayo y, en el del segundo, de Valdoré. La biografía y actividad de ambos condes tienen muchos puntos en común. Destaca una dilatada vida en la zona de la montaña asturleonesa y la acumulación de bienes inmuebles, fruto por un lado de la herencia y por otro de la gestión de sus propios ingresos, una notable parte de los cuales procede de su participación en actos judiciales. Luego, el

  16. „To nie je nijaká fáma, to je krutá realita“. Súčasné povesti a fámy v prostredí OZ Proti prúdu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Ditmarová

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The text focuses on the current myths and rumours as a current genre in the present-day society. I see these narratives as texts which can be studied and analysed at several levels depending on the context of narration, and I assume that the social context influences the content and the form of these narratives. The main aim of the text is to highlight the theoretical and methodological specificities of the ethnographic research of present-day myths and rumours within the OZ (Civic Organisation Proti Prúdu and the influences of this specific context on these narratives in the context of the daily life of sellers of the Nota Bene magazine – clients of the OZ Proti Prúdu organisation. Through several examples of narratives, the context of which depends on the given environment, I seek to point out in what way individuals can indirectly react to daily life within their particular environment.

  17. Adrián Muñoz. La piel de tigre y la serpiente: la identidad de los nāth-yoguis a través de sus leyendas

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    Luis Óscar Gómez Rodríguez

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El doctor Adrián Muñoz nos ofrece una obra erudita que demuestra un conocimiento amplio y detallado de una literatura que puede parecer muy especializada, incluso muy limitante en su particularidad y su superabundancia de textos y variantes textuales. Se trata de la literatura legendaria de un linaje hagiográfico complejo y heterogéneo, el nātha-sampradāya. Este linaje se asocia principalmente con la tradición hinduista, aunque también se entrelaza con la tradición de los 84 siddhas de la corriente budista. Muñoz se concentra en las narrativas legendarias y en el papel que desempeñan estas en la creación de la identidad religiosa de los seguidores del nāth-panth.

  18. Territorial organization in Spain and in Colombia: “Report on Spain. Rethinking the State or destroying it”. Santiago Muñoz Machado

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    Catalina Ana Larach Del Castillo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Two recently published books, one from Spain (Muñoz Machado, 2012 and the other from Colombia (Mendoza Martelo, 2013, evince concerns with respect to the territorial organization in both countries. What is the appeal of the territorial model? With common constitutional errors occurring in the territorial area, and a crisis in both function and coordination in various levels of the Government –as well as in the different regions and autonomous communities–, is legal reform preferable to constitutional change? These are some of the issues raised and evaluated in current debates. In the work in question, the main problems in Spain are analyzed and the author proposes ways of solving or diminishing these problems, such as a return to centralism, the partial conservation of autonomous communities, the replacement of the current model with a federal State, as well as the possibilities of self-determination and separatism. The proposed study will serve to revise certain aspects of Colombia’s territorial system, in order to determine whether or not reformation is necessary.

  19. O discurso de alunos do ensino médio a respeito da "camada de ozônio" High school students' discourse on the "ozone layer"

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    Marcelo Maia Cirino

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar os gêneros de discursos utilizados por alunos da terceira série do Ensino Médio a respeito de um dos conteúdos vinculados ao ensino de química ambiental: o estudo do gás ozônio e os problemas relacionados à degradação de sua camada na atmosfera terrestre. Os resultados apontam para um nível de envolvimento discursivo em que se percebe a apropriação da linguagem científica como ferramenta de argumentação acerca das questões ambientais.This paper reports on a study conducted among high school students aiming to investigate their different kinds of discourse on the ozone layer depletion in environmental Chemistry classes. The final result points out the special level of speech involvement by the students and moreover we noticed the correct use of scientific discourse frameworks like argumentation related environmental questions.

  20. Vectors and Spatial Patterns of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in Selected Rice-Farming Villages of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines

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    Ma. Angelica A. Tujan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the Philippines, rats and snails abound in agricultural areas as pests and source of food for some of the local people which poses risks of parasite transmission to humans such as Angiostrongylus cantonensis. This study was conducted to determine the extent of A. cantonensis infection among rats and snails collected from rice-farming villages of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija. A total of 209 rats, 781 freshwater snails, and 120 terrestrial snails were collected for the study. Heart and lungs of rats and snail tissues were examined and subjected to artificial digestion for parasite collection. Adult worms from rats were identified using SSU rDNA gene. Seven nematode sequences obtained matched A. cantonensis. Results revealed that 31% of the rats examined were positive with A. cantonensis. Rattus norvegicus and R. tanezumi showed prevalence of 46% and 29%, respectively. Furthermore, only Pomacea canaliculata (2% and Melanoides maculata (1% were found to be positive for A. cantonensis among the snails collected. Analysis of host distribution showed overlapping habitats of rats and snails as well as residential and agricultural areas indicating risks to public health. This study presents a possible route of human infection for A. cantonensis through handling and consumption of P. canaliculata and M. maculata or crops contaminated by these snails.

  1. The Nahal Oz Reservoir dam-break flood: Geomorphic impact on a small ephemeral loess-channel in the semi-arid Negev Desert, Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roskin, Joel; Bergman, Nathaniel; Shaulker, Ofer; Greenbaum, Noam

    2014-05-01

    The Nahal Oz Reservoir - in the coastal, semi-arid southwestern Israel was designed to enhance local irrigation of crops using reclaimed sewage water during the dry summer months. On March 2001, part of the western dike of the reservoir was breached and generated a flow release of 3.5*106 m3 of secondary irrigation water that was channeled down the 1st order ephemeral loess stream (Nahal Yare'akh). The consequent 12-hour flood surge, with an estimated peak discharge of 1000 m3s-1, inflicted severe loess erosion, agricultural, property and infrastructural damage downstream. Post-flood mapping documented the geomorphic response to the flood which included channel scour and widening along the initial 2 km downstream of the reservoir where a spillway channel was formed. The increase in the cross-sectional area was about 60% and had an estimated 170,000 m3 of sediment bed, bank and floodplain erosion. Calculated maximum shear stress and stream power along this section are estimated at 300 Nm-2 and 900 wm-2, respectively. The peak discharge at the end of this segment was estimated at 800 m3s-1 indicating only minor attenuation along this segment. Two km downstream of the breach, a wide braided fan indicated deposition of the eroded sediments. At the end of this segment the floodwater diverged into several watercourses and inundated tilled agricultural fields and neighborhoods. Downstream, 9 km from the reservoir, the discharge attenuated to 100 m3s-1, slightly above bankfull. Further downstream and upon reaching the large Shikma stream the flow was already very low. This reduction in discharge is attributed to the anthropogenic infrastructure - roads, neighborhoods and agricultural fields and the large transmission losses typical of sandy ephemeral streams. The study shows that channels within erodible materials respond to high peak discharges very locally. Erosional thresholds that severely incised the channel are only maintained for 2 km below the breached reservoir

  2. EVALUACIÓN DE LAS COMPETENCIAS LABORALES Y SU INFLUENCIA EN LA CALIDAD DEL SERVICIO DEL HOSPITAL “DR. MARIO MUÑOZ MONROY”

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    Lázaro Quintana Tápanes

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available

    En el artículo se identifican, evalúan las competencias laborales a nivel organizacional, de procesos clínicos – quirúrgicos y se determina su influencia en la calidad del servicio del Hospital “Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy”. Se elaboran los perfiles de competencias correspondientes y se calcula el indicador desviación competencial, que permite conocer el comportamiento de las competencias en la comparación entre el estado deseado y actual, en los niveles jerárquicos antes mencionados. Se emplean diferentes métodos y técnicas como: análisis documental, entrevista, cuestionario, pruebas de conocimientos, observación, dinámica de grupo, método delphi, análisis-síntesis, inducción-deducción y el paquete estadístico SPSS versión 12.0. La muestra seleccionada está compuesta por clientes internos (médicos, enfermeros y por clientes externos (pacientes-familiares.

    Se identifican las competencias menos desarrolladas y se proponen estrategias a implementar por la entidad que permitan mejorar la calidad a través de las competencias laborales.

  3. Sanitização com produto à Base de Cloro e com Ozônio: Efeito Sobre Compostos Bioativos de Amora-preta ( rubus fruticosus cv. Tupy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andressa Carolina Jacques

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar e comparar a eficiência da sanitização de amora-preta, com diferentes concentrações e tempos de imersão em hipoclorito de sódio e com ozônio, e avaliar a influência do processo sobre os compostos bioativos do produto. Foram feitas análises microbiológicas e a determinação dos compostos bioativos. Os compostos de cloro utilizados na sanitização induziram a perdas significativas dos compostos bioativos (compostos fenólicos, antocianinas, tocoferóis, ácido ascórbico e carotenoides, presentes na amora-preta, sendo eficientes na sanitização contra fungos, quando utilizados na concentração de 200 ppm e por 15 minutos de imersão. Já os frutos sanitizados com ozônio apresentaram adequação aos padrões microbiológicos (fungos, coliformes totais e termotolerantes, Escherichia coli e Salmonella spp estabelecidos pela legislação, e não apresentaram alterações significativas no conteúdo dos compostos bioativos, sendo que a menor concentração de ozônio presente neste estudo apresentou maior eficácia na sanitização dos frutos, comparada com as soluções de cloro utilizadas.

  4. Saturação do ozônio em coluna contendo grãos de amendoim e efeito na qualidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus de Almeida Roberto

    Full Text Available Resumo Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o processo de saturação do ozônio em coluna contendo amendoim e o efeito na qualidade de produto. Utilizaram-se grãos com teor de umidade em torno de 6,8% (b.u., acondicionados em recipientes cilíndricos de PVC, com 1,10 m de altura e 15 cm de diâmetro. O gás, nas concentrações de 1,59 e 2,78 mg L–1, foi injetado na base da coluna e os valores adotados de altura da coluna de grãos foram de 0,25, 0,50 e 0,75 m. Determinaram-se os tempos e as concentrações de saturação e avaliou-se a qualidade dos grãos ozonizados. Para os grãos ozonizados na concentração de 1,59 mg L–1, obteve-se tempo de saturação na faixa entre 222 e 449 min. No que tange à relação CSat/C0, obtiveram-se valores entre 0,32 e 0,48. Com relação aos grãos submetidos à ozonização na concentração de 2,78 mg L–1, obteve-se tempo de saturação na faixa entre 78 e 251 min. No que se refere à relação CSat/C0, para a concentração inicial de 2,78 mg L–1, os valores permaneceram entre 0,46 e 0,81. É possível concluir, a partir dos resultados obtidos, que, à medida que se aumenta a altura da coluna de grãos de amendoim, há aumento do tempo de saturação e decréscimo da concentração de saturação. Não houve alteração na qualidade do produto durante o processo de ozonização.

  5. Conversion of Syngas-Derived C2+ Mixed Oxygenates to C3-C5 Olefins over ZnxZryOz Mixed Oxides Catalysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Colin D.; Lebarbier, Vanessa M.; Flake, Matthew D.; Ramasamy, Karthikeyan K.; Kovarik, Libor; Bowden, Mark E.; Onfroy, Thomas; Dagle, Robert A.

    2016-04-01

    In this study we report on a ZnxZryOz mixed oxide type catalyst capable of converting a syngas-derived C2+ mixed oxygenate feedstock to isobutene-rich olefins. Aqueous model feed comprising of ethanol, acetaldehyde, acetic acid, ethyl acetate, methanol, and propanol was used as representative liquid product derived from a Rh-based mixed oxygenate synthesis catalyst. Greater than 50% carbon yield to C3-C5 mixed olefins was demonstrated when operating at 400-450oC and 1 atm. In order to rationalize formation of the products observed feed components were individually evaluated. Major constituents of the feed mixture (ethanol, acetaldehyde, acetic acid, and ethyl acetate) were found to produce isobutene-rich olefins. C-C coupling was also demonstrated for propanol feedstock - a minor constituent of the mixed oxygenate feed - producing branched C6 olefins, revealing scalability to alcohols higher than ethanol following an analogous reaction pathway. Using ethanol and propanol feed mixtures, cross-coupling reactions produced mixtures of C4, C5, and C6 branched olefins. The presence of H2 in the feed was found to facilitate hydrogenation of the ketone intermediates, thus producing straight chain olefins as byproducts. While activity loss from coking is observed complete catalyst regeneration is achieved by employing mild oxidation. For conversion of the mixed oxygenate feed a Zr/Zn ratio of 2.5 and a reaction temperature of 450oC provides the best balance of stability, activity, and selectivity. X-ray diffraction and scanning transmission electron microscopy analysis reveals the presence of primarily cubic phase ZrO2 and a minor amount of the monoclinic phase, with ZnO being highly dispersed in the lattice. The presence of ZnO appears to stabilize the cubic phase resulting in less monoclinic phase as the ZnO concentration increases. Infrared spectroscopy shows the mixed oxide acid sites are characterized as primarily Lewis type acidity. The direct relationship between

  6. Opposite effect of photocorrosion on photocatalytic performance among various AgxMyOz/TiO2 (M = C, P) photocatalysts: A novel effective method for preparing Ag/TiO2 composite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Caixia; Pang, Yuhua; Wang, Yan; Sun, Mingming; Zhang, Chenyan; Zhang, Ling; Zhou, Yanmei; Li, Deliang

    2016-07-01

    Three kinds of hybrids, Ag2CO3/TiO2, Ag2C2O4/TiO2 and Ag3PO4/TiO2 comprising of P25-TiO2 and silver-containing photocatalyst, (together coded as AgxMyOz/TiO2 (M = C, P)) were prepared via a facile precipitation method. The photocatalytic activity and stability of the as-prepared AgxMyOz/TiO2 was compared by monitoring the oxidation of propylene under visible light irradiation. Results showed that both Ag2CO3/TiO2 and Ag2C2O4/TiO2 exhibit perfect performance with a high propylene degradation removal rate of 88% and 78%, respectively, during four successive experimental runs. On the contrary, for Ag3PO4/TiO2, the photocatalytic activity gradually declines to 8% from 32% under the same conditions. In order to explore the reason for the above remarkable difference in activity and stability over AgxMyOz/TiO2, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) were used to investigate the change of AgxMyOz/TiO2 before and after irradiation. It was found that three silver-containings, Ag2CO3, Ag2C2O4 and Ag3PO4 on the surface of TiO2, all experienced photo-corrosion to various extents during irradiation process. Surprisingly, the effect of photo-corrosion on visible light activity and stability among various AgxMyOz/TiO2 is very different. For both Ag2CO3 and Ag2C2O4, they are easily decomposed into metallic Ag and CO2, and gaseous CO2 escaped from catalyst leaving silver nanoparticles on the surface of TiO2 resulted in the formation of plasmonic photocatalyst Ag/TiO2. The synergetic effect between surface plasma resonance of silver and interfacial electron transfer over the obtained Ag/TiO2 heterojunctions is in favor of the superior photocatalytic performance under visible light. While for Ag3PO4/TiO2, Ag3PO4 on the surface of TiO2 is partially photo-decomposed into Ag and phosphorus oxide and the phosphorus oxide covering on the surface of undecomposed Ag3PO4/TiO2 deactivates its photocatalytic performance

  7. Efeitos do ozônio nas lesões de reperfusão do jejuno em eqüinos Effects of ozone in equine jejunum reperfusion injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.E.S. Alves

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Investigaram-se os efeitos do ozônio nas lesões de reperfusão intestinais de eqüinos. Induziu-se obstrução vascular (2h seguida de reperfusão (12h e os animais receberam os seguintes protocolos: não tratado (n=7, 500ml solução salina 0,9% e tratado com ozônio (n=6, 50µgkg-1. Amostras intestinais foram examinadas em 0, 1, 2h (obstrução e 1, 2, 12h (reperfusão. Os seguintes escores histomorfológicos apresentaram-se significativamente atenuados: na região da mucosa - desprendimento epitelial, infiltrado de neutrófilos e hemorragia; na submucosa - infiltrado de neutrófilos e edema. Essas diferenças ocorreram na fase inicial da reperfusão, coincidindo com a geração de radicais livres derivados do oxigênio. Os efeitos conservadores observados podem estar associados à modulação de enzimas antioxidantes, ou à propriedades bioquímicas do ozônio, que interferiram com etapas bioquímicas da reperfusão, representando uma alternativa terapêutica para o tratamento de pacientes acometidos por abdome agudo.This study was designed to investigate the effects of ozone on attenuating jejunum reperfusion injury in horses. Vascular obstruction(2h/reperfusion(12h was induced and the animals received the following protocols: not treated (n=7, 500ml saline solution or treated with ozone (n=6, 50µg.kg-1. Intestinal samples were histomorphologically examined at 0, 1, 2h (obstructive and 1, 2, 12h (reperfusion phase. The following scores were significantly attenuated: mucosal region- epithelial loss, neutrophil infiltration and hemorrhage; submucosal region- neutrophil infiltration and edema. These effects may be related to the antioxidant enzyme modulation, or ozone biochemical properties, which interfered with biochemical steps of reperfusion injury. The results indicate an alternative for the treatment of equine acute abdomen.

  8. Muñoz Gutiérrez, C. (2015, El paisaje habitado, (Cuadernos de Horizonte, 6, La Línea del Horizonte Ediciones, Madrid, 96 pp., ISBN 978-84-15958-37-6.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Favila Vázquez

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Carlos Muñoz Gutiérrez, un filósofo de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, nos presenta en este corto pero sustancioso texto profundas reflexiones conceptuales acerca de un paisaje que ha revivido un auge no sólo en la geografía sino también en disciplinas como la historia y la antropología (Nogué, 2010. Dos ejes teóricos nos llevan de la mano del autor a lo largo de su revisión y propuesta en torno a los paisajes con los que convive el humano: el arte como precursor de un proceso de apropiación territorial y la fenomenología como el proceso de habitar y vivir el entorno (Tilley, 1994.

  9. Atuação de ozônio sobre biofilme de Listera monocytogenes em tubulação de aço inoxidável

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Délcio Bueno da

    2014-01-01

    A busca incessante por qualidade e preços justos, faz com que surjam novos elementos, como o ozônio, que higienizam os equipamentos da indústria de laticínios com eficiência e sem o desmonte, por meio do sistema Clean in Place (CIP). Um fator que dificulta a higienização no sistema CIP é a formação de biofilme, populações bacterianas em matriz-fechada, aderentes às superfícies. Pode-se citar a L. monocytogenes, que além da capacidade de formação de biofilme, é um agente patogênico emergente. ...

  10. Efeito terapêutico da aplicação intra-ocular de ozônio em modelo experimental de endoftalmite por Staphylococcus epidermidis em coelhos Therapeutic effect of intraocular application of ozone in experimental Staphylococcus epidermidis endophthalmitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Clive Lake

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a ação antiinflamatória e antimicrobiana da injeção intravítrea de ozônio diluído em solução salina balanceada (BSS em modelo experimental de endoftalmite por Staphylococcus epidermidis. MÉTODOS: Dezessete coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia receberam inoculação no olho direito de 0,1 ml de uma solução de 10(5 bactérias (S. epidermidis por ml para indução de endoftalmite. Sete coelhos receberam injeção intravítrea de 0,1ml de BSS como controle e os outros dez coelhos receberam injeção intravítrea de 0,1ml de BSS com ozônio diluído a 2 ppm. Os dados foram quantificados de acordo com parâmetros clínicos e histopatológicos e computados numericamente para cada coelho após 24 horas de evolução. As médias e os desvios-padrão (DP foram calculados e comparados por meio de teste t com duas amostras. RESULTADOS: A média da quantificação clínica dos olhos dos coelhos do grupo controle foi de 11,14 com DP de 1,04. A média clínica dos olhos tratados com ozônio foi de 4,90 com DP de 1,29. A média dos olhos tratados com ozônio foi significativamente menor do que os não tratados (PPURPOSE: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect of intraocular ozone diluted in BSS on experimental Staphylococcus epidermidis endophthalmitis. METHODS: We injected 0.1ml of S. epidermidis colonies (10(5 colonies/ml to produce experimental endophthalmitis in the right eyes of 17 New Zealand rabbits. Seven rabbits were assigned to a control group and received an intravitreal injection of 0.1ml BSS. Ten rabbits were treated with intravitreal injection of 0.1ml BSS-diluted ozone (2 ppm. Data were distributed according to clinical and histological findings after 24 hours, each rabbit receiving a score. Mean scores and standard deviations were compared using the two-sample t test. RESULTS: Mean clinical score for the control group was 11.14 ± 1.04. Mean clinical score for the treated group was 4.90 ± 1

  11. Características estruturais, físico-químicas e funcionais dos amidos de mandioca e de milho com diferentes teores de amilose oxidados por ozônio

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    A oxidação é um método que visa a modificação do amido por agentes oxidantes diversos, introduzindo grupamentos funcionais e realizando cisão das ligações glicosídicas. Seus objetivos são reduzir a viscosidade do polissacarídeo, elevar a transparência da pasta e limitar sua retrogradação. O objetivo do presente estudo foi modificar os amidos de milho com diferentes teores de amilose e o amido de mandioca pelo tratamento com ozônio e também caracterizar as amostras oxidadas quanto às caracterí...

  12. Luminescence properties of blue La1-xCexAl(Si6-zAlz)(N10-zOz) (z˜1) oxynitride phosphors and their application in white light-emitting diode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Kohsei; Hirosaki, Naoto; Xie, Rong-Jun; Harada, Masamichi; Yoshimura, Ken-ichi; Tomomura, Yoshitaka

    2007-08-01

    This letter reports blue oxynitride phosphors of La1-xCexAl(Si6-zAlz)(N10-zOz) (z˜1) (termed JEM crystal phase) and their application for the white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The JEM phosphor can be excited by 405nm light efficiently, and its spectrum can be tuned widely by changing the Ce concentration. The emission spectrum of this phosphor is as wide as 110nm in full width at half maximum, which is convenient to solid state lighting. The preparation of white LED was attempted by using a 405nm InGaN chip and oxynitride phosphors in this work. High color rendering index >95 was achieved in white LED with various correlated color temperatures, indicating the suitability of the JEM phosphor in solid-state lightings.

  13. Rafael Rubiano Muñoz, América Latina y las independencias en el escrutinio de la historiografía del Siglo XXI, Bogotá, Desde Abajo, 2011, 338 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz Rodríguez, Edwin

    2014-01-01

    Rafael Rubiano Muñoz es sociólogo y magister en ciencia política y profesor asociado de la Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas de la Universidad de Antioquia. En esta obra presenta cuatro estudios historiográficos de la obra de eminentes historiadores de América Latina, José Luís Romero, Sergio Bagú, John Lynch y Mario Góngora. Los cuatro estudios no están estructurados en función de un esquema predefinido, sino de acuerdo a la evolución particular del pensamiento de cada uno de los aut...

  14. Climate change, tropospheric ozone and particulate matter, and health impacts Mudanças climáticas, ozônio troposférico e partículas suspensas: impactos na saúde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristie Ebi

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available We review how climate change could affect future concentrations of tropospheric ozone and particulate matter (PM, and what changing concentrations could mean for population health, as well as studies projecting the impacts of climate change on air quality and the impacts of these changes on morbidity/mortality. Climate change could affect local to regional air quality through changes in chemical reaction rates, boundary layer heights that affect vertical mixing of pollutants, and changes in synoptic airflow patterns that govern pollutant transport. Sources of uncertainty are the degree of future climate change, future emissions of air pollutants and their precursors, and how population vulnerability may change in the future. Given the uncertainties, projections suggest that climate change will increase concentrations of tropospheric ozone, at least in high-income countries when precursor emissions are held constant, increasing morbidity/mortality. There are few projections for low- and middle-income countries. The evidence is less robust for PM, because few studies have been conducted. More research is needed to better understand the possible impacts of climate change on air pollution-related health impacts.Examinamos como as mudanças climáticas podem afetar o futuro das concentrações de ozônio troposférico e de partículas suspensas (PS, e o que uma mudança nas concentrações significaria para a saúde da população. Analisaram-se estudos que projetam os impactos das mudanças climáticas na qualidade do ar e morbidade/mortalidade. A mudança climática pode afetar a qualidade do ar local e regional com mudanças nas taxas de reações químicas, altura das camadas limite que afetam a mistura vertical de poluentes e mudanças nos padrões sinóticos de circulação atmosférica que gerenciam o transporte de poluentes. Dentre as fontes de incerteza, a mudança climática futura, emissões de poluentes do ar e seus precursores e como a

  15. Estudos dos compostos orgânicos voláteis precursores de ozônio na cidade de São Paulo Studies of the volatile organic compounds precursors of ozone in São Paulo city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Souza Alvim

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O ozônio é o principal problema de poluição do ar na cidade de São Paulo. Este estudo, que foi realizado em uma estação de monitoramento da qualidade do ar da Companhia de Tecnologia de Saneamento Ambiental (CETESB, enfoca a elucidação dos principais compostos orgânicos voláteis precursores de ozônio na atmosfera paulistana. Foram coletadas 36 amostras nos meses de agosto e setembro de 2006, nos quais o consumo de etanol era de aproximadamente 50% nesta época. Foram quantificadas 69 espécies de compostos orgânicos voláteis, nos quais os dez compostos mais importantes na formação de O3 foram: 1-buteno (6,8%, eteno (6,5%, formaldeído (6,1%, acetaldeído (5,5%, tolueno (4,8%, 1-etil-4-metilbenzeno (3,7%, trans-2-penteno (3,7%, propeno (3,7%, trans-2-buteno (3,5% e 1-metilciclopenteno (3,5%. As classes mais abundantes em concentração no ar foram: alcanos (45%, alcenos (26%, aromáticos (14%, aldeídos (13% e alcadienos (2%.Ozone is the main problem of air pollution in the city of São Paulo. This study, which was carried out in the Brazilian Basic Sanitation Engineering Company (CETESB, acronym in Portuguese monitoring station of air quality, focused on the elucidation of the main volatile organic compounds ozone precursors in São Paulo atmosphere. Thirty-six samples were collected in August and September 2006, when the consumption of ethanol was about 50%, 69 species of volatile organic compounds were quantified, the ten major urban pollutants compounds in the formation of O3 were: 1-butene (6.8%, ethylene (6.5%, formaldehyde (6.1%, acetaldehyde (5.5%, toluene (4.8%, 1-ethyl-4-methylbenzene (3.7%, trans-2-pentene (3.7%, propylene (3.7%, trans-2-butene (3.5%, and 1-methylcyclopentene (3.5%. The most abundant classes of air concentration were: alkanes (45%, alkenes (26%, aromatics (14%, aldehydes (13%, and alkadyenes (2%.

  16. Organización territorial en España y en Colombia. “Informe sobre España. Repensar el Estado o destruirlo”.Santiago Muñoz Machado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina Ana Larach Del Castillo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Teniendo en cuenta dos libros de reciente publicación, uno en España (Muñoz Machado, 2012 y otro en Colombia (Mendoza Martelo, 2013, se revela una preocupación en la organización territorial de ambos países. ¿Por qué decantarse por un modelo territorial? Errores comunes constitucionales en el ámbito territorial, crisis en el funcionamiento y coordinación entre los distintos niveles de gobierno, regiones, comunidades autónomas, reforma legal o cambio constitucional, son algunos de los asuntos que se debaten hoy en día y que están siendo motivo de evaluación. En la obra objeto de esta reseña se analizan los principales problemas por los que está atravesando España y se establecen propuestas para solucionarlos o disminuir su incidencia, revisando opciones como el retorno al centralismo, la conservación parcial de Comunidades Autónomas, la sustitución del modelo actual por un Estado federal, la autodeterminación y el separatismo. A partir del estudio propuesto, se equipararán algunos aspectos del sistema territorial colombiano para revisar su funcionamiento y necesidad o no de reformarlo.

  17. Ozônio e ultra-som: processos alternativos para o tratamento do café despolpado Ozone and ultrasound: alternative processes in the treatment of fermented coffee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos do Nascimento

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Há um crescente interesse em tecnologias que melhorem a qualidade dos alimentos, bem como o aspecto segurança alimentar. Após a água, o café é a bebida mais consumida no planeta, existindo uma demanda crescente por tipos especiais em alguns países importadores, como o café despolpado. Este tipo é obtido pela remoção da mucilagem, ao se submeter o café à fermentação, cujo processo varia com o clima e a microbiota associada, entre outros fatores, podendo levar ao detrimento da qualidade do produto e da saúde do consumidor. Assim, faz-se necessário investigar novas tecnologias que possam auxiliar na obtenção de produtos com melhor padronização, qualidade e que ofereçam maior segurança alimentar. O ozônio e o ultra-som são tecnologias usadas em diversas áreas, com grande flexibilidade e resultados promissores na obtenção e no tratamento de uma infinidade de alimentos. São conhecidas as potentes características oxidantes e microbicidas de ambos, mas seus mecanismos ainda não são bem esclarecidos quando utilizados em tecidos vivos. Seus efeitos sobre os vários parâmetros de qualidade devem ser estudados, compreendidos e ajustados, antes de serem utilizados em larga escala na indústria. No presente trabalho, foi aplicado o ozônio ou o ultra-som como tratamentos prévios à fermentação do café, demonstrando sua eficácia na melhoria da segurança alimentar do café despolpado, sem alteração perceptível da qualidade da bebida.There is a growing interest in technologies that improve food quality, as well as food safety aspects. After water, coffee is the most consumed beverage in the planet, with a rising demand for special types, such as fermented coffee, in some importing countries. This type of coffee is obtained by removing the mucilage, submitting the coffee to fermentation, a process that varies with the climate and the associated natural micro-organisms, among other factors, and that can lead to detrimental

  18. Chronotopical Structure and the Dismantling of Historical Myth: The Representation of 1936 Madrid in Eduardo Mendoza’s Riña de gatos (2010 and Antonio Muñoz Molina’s La noche de los tiempos (2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloise McInerney

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Since the mid-1990s in Spain, a renewal of interest in the history of the Spanish Civil War (1936-39 and Francoist dictatorship (1939-1975 has resulted in a surge of cultural and historiographical production related to the subject, as well as instigating a robust debate about how these difficult periods ought to be officially interpreted and commemorated. This so-called memory boom indicates that there is still an unresolved tension in Spanish society, and while there are many who speak in favour of a final reconciliation, the means of best achieving it are so contested that old divisions appear to have been paradoxically widened rather than diminished. The two novels which are treated in the present study Eduardo Mendoza’s Riña de gatos (An Englishman in Madrid; 2010, and Antonio Muñoz Molina’s La noche de los tiempos (The Night of Memories; 2009 make an important literary contribution to the debate, and although they are very different in tone and style, they evidence a mature, considered approach to the issues. Drawing upon the Bakhtinian concept of chronotope (the organisation of space-time in the novel, this paper will contend that the two works, in their different ways, inscribe and subvert the conventions of the classical historical novel in order to challenge historical myths and open up a dialogic space within which the reader can engage critically with the past. This narrative strategy prevents the war from being plotted as an inevitable tragedy, therefore emphasising the argument made by both novels that, contrary to popular belief, the civil war was not simply the result of a radical polarisation between the mythical “two Spains” eternally at war, but of a complex of factors, both national and international.

  19. Acetate in Oz: Some Strategic Moves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin Webb

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available I would like to add my voice to the words of congratulations and thanks to the British Library for organising this forum, and for their generosity in making it possible for me to come across the world to be part of it. The issues we are discussing today have an importance extending beyond cellulose acetate, as they reflect our ability as custodians to deal with common threats to the documentary heritage we are charged with preserving. As I will argue later, we need to see this situation in the context of the full range of preservation management issues that face our institutions. While it imposes a burden and a challenge on us as preservation managers, it also presents opportunities to sort out some things that have needed attention for some time. I have been asked to talk about problems with cellulose acetate microfilm collections in Australia, and specifically the strategies – both national and local – that have been adopted or at least explored in response to those problems. In the time I have I will not be going into any of these in great detail, but I hope I can give you some sense of the situation down under, and perhaps draw out a few issues that might make this more than just an ‘us too’ session! One thing to emphasise from the start is that we have had a number of goes at dealing with acetate microfilm collections: it is not a newly discovered problem in Australia. One significant context in which we have been working is that of a national strategy for all kinds of cellulose acetate collection materials. Explaining this national strategy will form a major part of my presentation, with issues and approaches specific to microfilm discussed towards the end.

  20. 以《绿野仙踪》为例从顺应论角度看儿童文学翻译%Children's Literature Translation from the Angle of Adaptation Theory Taking The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗瑛

    2014-01-01

    Within the framework of Adaptation Theory proposed by Jef. Verschueren, the Chinese versions of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by Chen Bochui and Ma Ainong are compared and the conclusion is arrived at that Adaptation Theory provides a powerful guideline for children's literature translation.%以耶夫·维索尔伦的顺应论为理论框架,从语境关系顺应和结构顺应角度,对《绿野仙踪》陈伯吹和马爱农的汉译本进行对比研究,分析得出,顺应论对儿童文学翻译具有很强的指导意义。

  1. Structural changes in Psidium guajava 'Paluma' leaves exposed to tropospheric ozone Alterações anatômicas em folhas de Psidium guajava 'Paluma' expostas ao ozônio troposférico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Tresmondi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Psidium guajava 'Paluma' has being tested as an ozone (O3 bioindicator and responds with pigmentation between the veins on the adaxial surface, due to the accumulation of phenolic compounds. These compounds act as non-enzymatic antioxidants that neutralize reactive oxygen species (ROS, formed from O3. This study aimed to evaluate the leaf structure of plants with and without visible symptoms and to establish these symptoms at the cellular level. Beside this we also aimed to detect structural changes that can minimize the effects of the O3 on the plant. The accumulation of phenolic substances, stomatal density and structural changes in P. guajava 'Paluma' leaf tissues exposed during the four seasons of the year were evaluated. The study was conducted at the Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga ( PEFI, which is a park in the city of São Paulo that has high levels of O3. Leaves with symptoms showed, on the adaxial surface, anthocyanin accumulation in the vacuoles of epidermal cells and hypodermis. When the symptoms were more intense this accumulation was observed even in the first three layers of palisade parenchyma. Comparing symptomatic and asymptomatic leaves, there was higher accumulation of phenolic compounds in the symptomatic leaves. Some parenchyma cells adjacent to substomatal chambers showed intrusive growth towards the stomatal pore, promoting its occlusion, which could reduce the entry of O3 in the leaf. The accumulation of anthocyanins and other phenolic compounds, in addition to the occlusion of the chamber, protect the plant against O3 effects. These features and the compact arrangement of the mesophyll contribute to why Psidium guajava 'Paluma' does not present cell death, a symptom usually observed in species sensitive to O3.Psidium guajava 'Paluma' vem sendo testada como bioindicadora de ozônio (O3 e responde com pigmentações, entre as nervuras, na superfície adaxial, decorrente do acúmulo de compostos fenólicos. Tais

  2. Avaliação microbiológica de um processo de sanificação de galões de água com a utilização do ozônio Microbiological evaluation of a mineral water packaging sanitizing processing with ozone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Catelani Cardoso

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available O Brasil é o sétimo maior consumidor mundial de águas engarrafadas. Os recipientes mais utilizados, galões plásticos de 20 litros, devem ser submetidos à inspeção individual e posteriormente a sanificação. Recentemente, enfermidades associadas a microrganismos emergentes têm despertado o interesse por novos sanitizantes. Entre estes, o gás ozônio é um dos mais atraentes em virtude da sua segurança e eficácia superiores aos desinfetantes convencionais, não gerando resíduos tóxicos. Neste trabalho, o ozônio foi avaliado como método alternativo na sanificação de galões de água de 20 litros, na cidade de Alfenas, MG. Trinta galões foram avaliados sem tratamento e trinta após a sanificação com água ozonizada (4mg/L/2minutos quanto à contagem total de microrganismos aeróbios mesófilos heterotróficos, número mais provável (NMP de coliformes totais e Escherichia coli, Staphyloccocus aureus e Pseudomonas spp. em 100mL de solução enxaguatória. A contagem média de unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC de microrganismos heterotróficos no estágio de pré-lavagem foi de 5,7/cm² enquanto que o tratamento com a água ozonizada reduziu este valor para 0,003/cm², além de promover a negativação das análises para coliformes Pseudomonas ssp. e somente 13,3% das amostras apresentaram-se positivas para Staphylococcus aureus após a sanificação. Concluiu-se que o tratamento com utilização de ozônio foi eficiente, nas condições testadas.Brazil is ranked as the seventh in worldwide consumer of bottled mineral water. The mineral water bottles should be inspected regarding the physical integrity and then submitted to sanitization, using specific wash machines. Recently diseases associated with new microbial strains have increased interest in exploring different disinfectants in food sanitizing processing. Ozone is particularly attractive because of its high security and effectiveness than conventional disinfectants

  3. Taxonomía y distribución de Mylabris (Micrabris maculosopunctata Graells, 1858 y M. (M. beauregardi Górriz Muñoz, 1884 con estudio del material tipo de Zonabris rosinae Escherich, 1899 y Z. pauper Escherich, 1899 (Coleoptera, Meloidae, Mylabrini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz, J. L.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The study of the type material of Zonabris rosinae Escherich, 1899 and Zonabris pauper Escherich, 1899, allow us to confirm the taxonomic criteria for the recognition of these two species established by Pardo Alcaide (1948, 1950. In order to properly discuss the nomenclatural and taxonomic issues associated with these taxa, we designate lecto- and paralectotypes of both species. We have located at the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (Madrid, Spain three specimens assignables to the type series of Mylabris quadripunctata var. beauregardi Górriz Muñoz, 1884. Once designated as lecto- and paralectotypes we are able to discuss the identification of this species, ignored or confused until now, and establish its synonymy with Z. pauper (syn. nov.. The nomenclatural priority corresponds to Mylabris beauregardi. We discuss the geographic range of M. (Micrabris beauregardi and M. (M. maculosopunctata Graells, 1858 and finally we comment on Mylabris restricta Motschulsky, 1849, a possible senior synonym of M. (Micrabris maculosopunctata.A raíz del estudio del material tipo de Zonabris rosinae Escherich, 1899 y Zonabris pauper Escherich, 1899 se confirman los criterios adoptados por Pardo Alcaide (1948, 1950 con respecto a ambas especies. Para poder discutir adecuadamente los aspectos nomenclaturales y taxonómicos asociados con estos taxones, se designan lecto y paralectotipos de las dos especies. Asimismo se han localizado tres ejemplares atribuibles a la serie tipo de Mylabris quadripunctata var. beauregardi Górriz Muñoz, 1884 en la colección del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (Madrid, España. Una vez designados estos ejemplares como lecto y paralectotipos, discutimos la identidad de este taxon, ignorado o malinterpretado hasta el momento, y establecemos su sinonimia con Z. pauper (syn. nov. correspondiendo la prioridad nomenclatural a Mylabris beauregardi. Finalmente se discute la distribución geográfica de M. (Micrabris beauregardi

  4. Avaliação da influência de condições meteorológicas na ocorrência e manutenção de um episódio prolongado com altas concentrações de ozônio sobre a região metropolitana de São Paulo Evaluation of the meteorological conditions influence on the occurrence and maintenance of a multiday episode with high ozone concentrations over the metropolitan area of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Silveira Barreto Carvalho

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo, a rede de monitoramento da qualidade do ar registra frequentemente valores de concentração de ozônio superiores aos estabelecidos pela legislação em vigor no Brasil. Em algumas ocasiões, condições meteorológicas favoráveis ao processo de formação de ozônio possibilitam a ocorrência de altas concentrações de ozônio durante diversos dias consecutivos na região. A influência de condições meteorológicas no episódio de poluição, registrado entre os dias de 24 de fevereiro e 05 de março de 2003, foi avaliada através de simulações numéricas com o modelo SPM-BRAMS. Estudos observacionais mostram que a ocorrência de ventos fracos, principalmente, durante o período noturno e durante as manhãs, favorece a formação de altas concentrações de ozônio sobre a região. O horário de entrada e a atuação da brisa marítima são fundamentais para o transporte do ozônio e de seus precursores. Essas condições foram bem simuladas pelo modelo. Para os dias mais críticos, quando diversas estações de monitoramento registraram a ocorrência de violações ao padrão nacional de qualidade do ar, o modelo simulou adequadamente as condições atmosféricas determinantes para a manutenção de valores elevados nas concentrações de ozônio, sem a necessidade de nenhum procedimento artificial ao longo das integrações.In the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo, air quality monitoring network often register ozone concentration values higher than those established by Brazilian legislation. In some occasions, weather conditions favorable to ozone formation allow the occurrence of high concentration values for several consecutive days in the area. The influence of meteorological conditions on the air pollution episode registered between February 24 and March 05, 2003 was assessed through numerical simulations with the SPM-BRAMS model. Observational studies show that the occurrence of calm winds

  5. Auditory Presentation of H/OZ Critical Flight Data Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Automation of a flight control system to perform functions normally attributed to humans is often not robust and limited to specific operating conditions and types...

  6. H/OZ: PFD and Collaborative Flight Control System Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — With aircraft automation increasingly able to control flight autonomously, situational awareness and engagement of the crew can suffer. To improve aviation safety...

  7. Posada a punt i implementació de mètodes cromatogràfics per a l’anàlisi d’aldehids i cetones, precursors d’ozó troposfèric, en mostres d’emissions de vehicles i aplicació de metodologies de relació quantitativa estructura química-retenció cromatogràfica (QSRR) a l’anàlisi, mitjançant HPLC-UV, d’aldehids i cetones DNPH-derivatitzats

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    En aquesta tesi doctoral, realitzada a la Secció de Cromatografia del Departament de Química Analítica de l’Institut Químic de Sarrià (IQS), s’ha desenvolupat, optimitzat, validat i implementat un mètode analític (HPLC-UV) per portar a terme la determinació d’aldehids i cetones precursors d’ozó troposfèric, continguts en cartutxos de sílice impregnats amb 2,4-dinitrofenilhidrazina, en mostres procedents d’emissions de vehicles. L’estudi de la retenció cromatogràfica de les 2,4-dinitrofeni...

  8. Visible light degradation of Orange II using xCuyOz/TiO2 heterojunctions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helaïli, N; Bessekhouad, Y; Bouguelia, A; Trari, M

    2009-08-30

    Cu(2)O/TiO(2), Cu/Cu(2)O/TiO(2) and Cu/Cu(2)O/CuO/TiO(2) heterojunctions were prepared and studied for their potential application as photocatalysts able to induce high performance under visible light. Orange II was used as a representative dye molecule. The effect of the amount and composition of the photosensitizers toward the activation of TiO(2) was studied. In each case, the global mechanism of Inter Particle Electrons Injection (IPEI) was discussed. The highest photocatalytic activity was observed for the system Cu/Cu(2)O/CuO (MB2 catalyst) under visible light (t(1/2)=24 min, k=159.7 x 10(-3)min(-1)) and for the heterojunction cascade Cu/Cu(2)O/CuO/TiO(2) (MB2 (50%)/TiO(2)) under UV-vis light (t(1/2)=4 min, k=1342 x 10(-3)min(-1)). In the last case, the high performance was attributed firstly to the electromotive forces developed under this configuration in which CuO energy bands mediate the electrons transfer from Cu(2)O to TiO(2). The formation of monobloc sensitizers also accounts for the decrease of the probability of the charges lost. It was demonstrated that "Cu(2)O/CuO" governs the capability of the heterojunction cascade and Cu does not play a significant role regardless of the heterojunction cascade efficiency. The electrical energy consumption per order of magnitude for photocatalytic degradation of Orange II was investigated for some representative catalytic systems. Visible/MB2 and UV/vis MB2 (50%)/TiO(2) exhibited respectively 0.340 and 0.05 kW hm(-3) demonstrating the high efficiency of the systems.

  9. Stratospheric Water and OzOne Satellite Homogenized (SWOOSH) data set

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Stratospheric Water and Ozone Satellite Homogenized (SWOOSH) data set is a merged record of stratospheric ozone and water vapor measurements taken by a number of...

  10. Elegy to an Oz Republic: First Steps in a Ceremony of Invocation towards Reconciliation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Bolt

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In 2012 the author completed a series of drawings that, while figurative in form, were structurally based on and derived their inspiration from Robert Motherwell’s abstract series, Elegies to the Spanish Republic (1963-1975. This wholesale 'borrowing', 'quotation' and 'citation' raises the questions addressed in this article. What does it mean to engage in acts of appropriation now? And, more importantly, can such acts of appropriation draw on the spirit of the 'original' work to make a (political difference?

  11. MUÑOZ GARCÍA, JUAN JOSÉ, Cine y misterio humano. Por Leandro Sequeiros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Sequeiros

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Autor: Juan José Munoz García (2003. Editorial: Ediciones Rialp, Madrid, 287 pp.   Este ensayo se abre con una frase de Julián Marías: «La gran potencia educadorade nuestro tiempo es, sin duda, el cine». Es la línea directriz de este trabajo, dirigido sobre todo a educadores, que pretende hacer una reflexión antropológica desde el análisis de un gran número depelículas (unas 130, según el índice final. Desde la óptica filosófica de pensadores como Alfonso López Quintás, Zubiri, Goleman, Jacinto Choza y el ya citado Julián Marías, el autor construye un discurso de fácil lectura que aborda de un modo sistemático distintos aspectos de la misteriosa condición humana tal como la han ido presentado diversas películas cinematográficas.

  12. Making Breakfast with 5 oz of Cinnamon Porridge and 150 gr of Sweet Oatmeal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieke, Matthes; Bermudez, Luis; Pross, Benjamin; Chen, Aijun; Yu, Genong Eugene

    2013-04-01

    Have you ever had two or more data sources for the same region and the data don't seem to fit? One data source has incomplete attributes, features are missing in one source or there seems to be overlapping features representing the same feature? Can we run a process where the differences appear to become lost? Such process is called conflation. Conflation is important to help users see different sources in a clean way, all at once, via one known model. Conflation is a sophisticated process of unifying two or more separate datasets, which share certain characteristics, into one integrated all-encompassing dataset. In the process, different representations of a feature get folded into one feature. That target feature follows a particular model that is used to capture complementary information. Conflation was one of the topics advanced in a recent activity within the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). OGC is a consortium with about 500 members and serves as a global forum for the collaboration of developers and users of spatial data products and services, and to advance the development of international standards for geospatial interoperability. The OGC Interoperability Program conducts international interoperability testbeds, such as the OGC Web Services Phase 9 (OWS-9), that encourages rapid development, testing, validation, demonstration and adoption of open, consensus based standards and best practices. The OWS-9 advanced conflation of OGC Web Feature Services (WFS) that use heterogeneous GML application schemas. The conflation was performed in two phases. One performed geometry conflation, while the other performed attribute conflation. The attribute conflation makes use of mappings captured via ontologies in a knowledge base and available via a SPARQL server. To provide the conflation functionality in an interoperable way, a profile for the OGC Web Processing Service (WPS) was developed. In this service, various conflation rules setups have been integrated to define the behavior of attribute resolving. A simple "add-only" scenario copies those attributes, which are not present in the target dataset. A more advanced "add and update" scenario adjusts the values of present target attributes with values from one of the input datasets. "Qualitative update" methods require the interaction with an expert user who decides on the resulting value of attributes that are present in both the target and input sources. The work also included capturing of the provenance in a way that will allow a client application to display the information of the resulting conflated dataset at both feature and dataset level using ISO 19115 part I/II Metadata. The captured provenance at dataset level can be registered into an OGC standard compatible catalog service and further retrieved by client applications following interoperable and standard procedures.

  13. Cinderella, the Horse God and the Wizard of Oz: Mozert v. Hawkins County Public Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breyer, Hugh J.

    1991-01-01

    In "Mozert," fundamentalist parents claim that the reading curriculum interfered with their right to transmit religious values to their children. The district court fashioned an excusal scheme; however, the Sixth Circuit reversed this decision. Reviews the facts, analyzes points of law left unresolved, and discusses the broader…

  14. OZ Revisited: Russian Military Doctrinal Reform in Light of Their Analysis of Desert Storm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-01

    In attendance were Colonel-General I. Maltsev , chief of staff of the PVO (Air Defense Forces); Lieutenant General A. Maliukov, Chief of Staff of the...34 Izvestiia, February 8, 1991 (in FBIS-SOV-91-028): 20. Kozlov, S., "Interview with Colonel General Maltsev ," Radio Moscow, February 6, 1991 (in FBIS-SOV-91

  15. Recuerdo e imaginación en Beltenebros de Antonio Muñoz Molina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Hans Lauge

    2004-01-01

    Nueva narrativa, novela, sujeto, búsqueda de identidad, den nye spanske roman, subjekt, identitet......Nueva narrativa, novela, sujeto, búsqueda de identidad, den nye spanske roman, subjekt, identitet...

  16. Académico Doctor Saulo Muñoz Delgado (1926-2007,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Iván Varela Hernández

    2007-06-01

    Además fue Miembro del Comité de Promociones, Delegado Profesor ante el Consejo Directivo y Profesor de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad del Valle, Delegado del ICFES, Delegado a la Asociación Colombiana de Facultades de Medicina, Vicepresidente de FECOLSOG, Redactor de la Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Jefe del Departamento de Obstetricia en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Cali, Colaborador del Centro de Investigación de la OMS Cali, y Consultor para los Programas de PHIEGO (Programas Internacionales de Ginecología y Obstetricia del Johns Hopkins University, entre otros...

  17. Journey to Oz: the yellow brick road to a blended learning environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratka, Janice Rovira

    2010-01-01

    The 21st century has ushered in many new trends and tools in education. A myriad of articles, Web sites, and books offer enticing possibilities that Web 2.0 tools may increase learner engagement, improve interactivity, and allow tailoring of education to the learner. Classroom training is trending downward, and Web-based training is on the rise. But is the Internet really the answer to educators' prayers, or is it just another flash in the pan? The sheer number of technological tools and delivery methods available can be mind-boggling. This article reviews some of the basic terminology and tools that are readily available for use in delivering education via the Internet. Benefits and barriers associated with e-learning are discussed from the evidence found in nursing and education literature and the personal experiences of a nurse educator in a multihospital system.

  18. MERCEDES MUÑOZ-REPISO Y LA INVESTIGACIÓN EDUCATIVA INSTITUCIONAL EN ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Murillo Torrecilla

    2009-11-01

    De esta forma, durante estos 40 años, el CENIDE, INICE y el CIDE fueron los organismos encargados de coordinar, fomentar y desarrollar la investigación educativa. Seguramente la investigación educativa en España sería diferente si no fuera por el papel fundamental que jugaron a través de los Planes de Investigación Educativa, de los Concursos de investigación o de las ayudas a la investigación, de los estudios allí realizados...

  19. SN 2006oz: rise of a super-luminous supernova observed by the SDSS-II SN Survey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leloudas, Georgios; Chatzopoulos, E.; Dilday, B.

    2012-01-01

    with the 10 m GTC telescope. Results. The very early light curves show a dip in the g- and r-bands and a possible initial cooling phase in the u-band before rising to maximum light. The bolometric light curve shows a precursor plateau with a duration of 6–10 days in the rest-frame. A lower limit of Mu

  20. Development of dispersion-strengthened Ni-Cr-ThOz alloys for the space shuttle thermal protection system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blankenship, C. P.; Saunders, N. T.

    1972-01-01

    Manufacturing processes were developed for TD-NiCr providing small sheet (45 x 90 cm), and larger sheet (60 x 150 cm) and foil. The alternate alloy, DS-NiCr, was produced by pack-chromizing Ni-ThO2 sheet. Formability criteria are being established for basic sheet forming processes, which are brake forming, corrugation forming, joggling, dimpling, and beading. Resistance spot welding (fusion and solid state), resistance seam welding, solid state diffusion welding, and brazing are included in the joining programs. Major emphasis is centered on an Al-modified Ni-Cr-ThO2 alloy development. These alloys, containing 3 to 5% Al, form the protective Al2O3 scale. This enhances oxidation resistance under reentry conditions. Both TD-NiCrAl and DS-NiCrAl alloys are included. A tentative composition of Ni-16Cr-3.5Al-2ThO2 was selected based on oxidation resistance and fabricability.

  1. Tratamento de efluentes industriais por processos oxidativos na presença de ozônio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almeida Edna

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A large variety of organic and inorganic compounds may be found in wastewater which can contribute to environmental contamination. Oxidation processes with ozone (O3; O3/UV; O3/H2O2; O3/TiO2; O3/Mn+2 and the use of ozone in the pre- or post-treatment of wastewater combined with biological processes has been extensively studied for the treatment of effluents. The aim of this work was to evaluate the potential of the ozonation process in the treatment of several industrial wastewaters, namely effluents from paper mills, and textile, whey (dairy industry, pharmaceutic sand pesticides plants.

  2. Reseña. Rubén Arriazu Muñoz [Usos de la evaluación del profesorado universitario en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Arriazu Muñoz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Reseña de Alvira, F.; Aguilar, M. J.; Blanco, F.; Betrisey, D.; Lahera, A.; Mitxelena, C.; Velázquez, C. Usos de la evaluación del profesorado universitario en España. Colección ediciones institucionales, 104. Universidad de Castilla la Mancha, Cuenca, 2014. 280 páginas. ISBN. 978-84-8427-864-1.

  3. UNC-analista: hacia la captura de un corpus de requisitos a partir de la aplicación del experimento Mago de Oz

    OpenAIRE

    Zapata-Jaramillo, C. M. (Carlos Mario); Olaya, N. (Natalí); Palacio, C.

    2006-01-01

    La obtención de requisitos es una de las etapas más importantes en el proceso de desarrollo del software. Una buena comprensión de los requisitos puede conducir a mejores productos de software que satisfagan las necesidades de los interesados. Sin embargo, el proceso de captura de requisitos se torna difícil para el analista debido, en gran parte, al carácter presencial que tienen las reuniones que se realizan con tal fin y a la dificultad que presentan algunas personas para expre...

  4. Resistencia a la corrosión de recubrimientos bicapa VxNbyCz/BixTiyOz depositados sobre acero para herramientas

    OpenAIRE

    Castro Hermosa, Sergio Alexis

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo, es presentar un estudio experimental del comportamiento electroquímico de los recubrimientos bicapa de VXNbYCZ y BiXTiYOZ producidos por medio de un proceso dúplex. En el proceso dúplex, los carburos fueron depositados por el tratamiento TRD y sobre ellos se crecieron películas de BiXTiYOZ usando la técnica de sputtering RF. Los tratamientos TRD se llevaron a cabo en una mezcla fundida, la cual estaba constituida por bórax, ferro-niobio, ferro-vanadio y aluminio; ...

  5. The Australian Twin Study of Gambling (OZ-GAM): rationale, sample description, predictors of participation, and a first look at sources of individual differences in gambling involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slutske, Wendy S; Meier, Madeline H; Zhu, Gu; Statham, Dixie J; Blaszczynski, Alex; Martin, Nicholas G

    2009-02-01

    Two major challenges to conducting a community-based twin study of pathological gambling (PG) disorder are that: (a) it is relatively rare, and (b) individuals with the disorder in the community may be difficult to locate and recruit. We describe a new study of 4,764 individuals recruited from the Australian Twin Registry in which we attempt to effectively deal with the first challenge and examine the impact of the second challenge. The lifetime prevalence of DSM-IV PG in this Australian twin sample was 2.2%, which is 400-500% higher than has been obtained in prevalence surveys conducted in the United States. A number of predictors of non-participation were identified, including a lifetime PG disorder diagnosis, but these did not have a large net effect on the estimated number of individuals with PG or related characteristics in the twin sample. Results of biometric modeling suggested that the effect of genetic, shared family environmental, and nonshared environmental influences on the propensity to engage in 11 different specific forms of gambling (e.g., playing the lottery, betting on horse or dog races, playing electronic gaming machines) were generally moderate, low, and moderate, respectively, with mean parameter estimates obtained of 43%, 10%, and 46%. An intriguing comparison with results from a 1963 US adolescent twin study conducted by Loehlin and Nichols (1976) suggests that: (a) propensity genes for gambling involvement may be more likely to be expressed in the heavy-gambling Australian culture, or that (b) the family environment has a transient effect on the gambling behavior of young people.

  6. Diversidad cultural, género y derecho (Valencia, Tirant lo Blanch, 2014) de Laurenzo Copello, Patricia y Rafael Durán Muñoz (coords.)

    OpenAIRE

    María MARTÍNEZ LIROLA

    2014-01-01

    El libro Diversidad cultural, género y derecho recoge los resultados del proyecto de investigación Multiculturalidad, Género y Derecho (DER 2009-08297), financiado por el Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad del Gobierno de España. En dicho libro participan especialistas de primera fila de nuestro país con el fin de establecer relaciones entre la diversidad cultural y los conflictos que ésta lleva consigo en la sociedad española actual, el género como variable fundamental a la hora de estu...

  7. Modified Diet Recipes for Army Medical Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-20

    Starch, edible, modified Milk non-fat, dry Water , cold 1 oz 3 oz 1 lb 15 oz l/4 cup 3/4 cup 1 quart 33 Ö9 881 3. 4. 5. 6...Milk| nonfat dry - Water Starch, edible, mQdified Pepper, ground lemon Juice Ghicken, Puree, canned WEIGHTS 4 oz 1 oz 2 oz 11/2 oz 30 oz...simmer 10 minutes or until fish and potatoes are tender. 3. Add salt, garlic, thyme, parsley and tarragon. Milk, nonfat, dry Water , warm Starch

  8. Contiguous 2,2,4-triamino-5(2H)-oxazolone obstructs DNA synthesis by DNA polymerases α, β, η, ι, κ, REV1 and Klenow Fragment exo-, but not by DNA polymerase ζ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Masayo; Kino, Katsuhito; Kawada, Taishu; Oyoshi, Takanori; Morikawa, Masayuki; Kobayashi, Takanobu; Miyazawa, Hiroshi

    2016-03-01

    Guanine is the most easily oxidized of the four DNA bases, and contiguous guanines (GG) in a sequence are more readily oxidized than a single guanine in a sequence. Continued oxidation of GGs results in a contiguous oxidized guanine lesion. Two contiguous 2,5-diamino-4H-imidazol-4-ones, an oxidized form of guanine that hydrolyses to 2,2,4-triamino-5(2H)-oxazolone (Oz), are detected following the oxidation of GG. In this study, we analysed translesion synthesis (TLS) across two contiguous Oz molecules (OzOz) using Klenow Fragment exo(-) (KF exo(-)) and DNA polymerases (Pols) α, β, ζ, η, ι, κ and REV1. We found that KF exo(-) and Pols α, β, ι and REV1 inserted one nucleotide opposite the 3' Oz of OzOz and stalled at the subsequent extension, and that Pol κ incorporated no nucleotide. Pol η only inefficiently elongated the primer up to full-length across OzOz; the synthesis of most DNA strands stalled at the 3' or 5' Oz of OzOz. Surprisingly, however, Pol ζ efficiently extended the primer up to full-length across OzOz, unlike the other DNA polymerases, but catalysed error-prone nucleotide incorporation. We therefore believe that Pol ζ is required for efficient TLS of OzOz. These results show that OzOz obstructs DNA synthesis by DNA polymerases except Pol ζ.

  9. 77 FR 43335 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... alcohol (in fluid ounces (oz) or grams) per serving; the definition of a ``standard drink'' (i.e., 12 fluid oz of regular beer, 5 fluid oz of wine, or 1.5 fluid oz of 80-proof distilled spirits); the number... the FD&C Act, (21 U.S.C. 321(qq)), defines ``major food allergen'' as milk, egg, fish,...

  10. Nutrition, Metabolic Disorders and Lifestyle of Aircrew

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    cocoa (I oz) 6 Milk chocolate (1 oz) 1-15 Baking chocolate (1 oz) 35 Sweet dark chocolate (I oz) 5-35 Chocolate milk (8 oz) 2-7 Chocolate ...cup) 1-min brew 9-33 3-min brew 20-46 5-min brew 20-50 Tea products Instant (5-oz cup) 12-28 Iced tea (12-oz can) 22-36 Chocolate products Hot cocoa (6... cocoa . Theobromine is found in significant protein and carbohydrate have been administered to both quantities in cocoa but it is not believed to

  11. Phase equilibria and P-T-X(Fe-Mg relations involving Gl-St-Cd-Als-Bi-Mu-Oz-Kfs-H2O in medium-high grade metapelites (KFASH, KMASH and KFMASH sistems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez, F. J.

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available In different areas of the Hercynian in the Iberian Peninsula some reactions are repeatedly observed in pelites, these reactions are: Staurolite + muscovite + quartz = Biotite+ Al2SiO5+ H2O Garnet + muscovite = Al2SiO5+ biotite+ quartzBiotite + Al2SiO5 + quartz = Cordierite + K feldspar+Hp In order to examinate the P-T stability fields of these, and other similar reactions, aH the univariant equilibria in multisystems with Gt-Cd-St-Bi-Mu-Als-Qz-HP, Gt-St-Bi-Mu-Fk-AIs-QzHp and Cd-St-Bi-Mu-Fk-AIs-Qz-H2O in Kp-FeO-AI2O r SiO2-H2O (KFASH system have been calculated, and their corresponding P-T grids have been constructed. The expansion of these reactions into divariant surfaces through the P-T-X (Fe-Mg space was made by studying the assemblage Gt-Cd-St-Bi-Mu-Fk-AIs-Qz-HP in K2O-FeO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O (KFMASH with a Fe/Fe+Mg relationship Gt > St > Bi > Cd such as observed in most of natural pelites. A resultant grid was obtained by combining those obtained in the aboye systerns. This grid has been P-T located for PH20 = P19 near QFM buffer, and excess muscovite and quartz conditions Reaction slopes in this grid were calculated within different P-T surroundings from thermodynamic data as weH as by considering the existing experimental data. In addition to the stability fields of reactions the P-T-XFe-Mg theoric relations for three univariant and thirteen divariant reactions have been obtained. The grid confirms the imposibility of staurolite-K feldspar and Garnet-Cordierite-Muscovite coexistence, as weH as the extension of the stability fields for Garnet-Staurolite, Cordierite-Staurolite and Garnet-Cordierite assemblages in muscovite-poor metapelites.En rocas metapelíticas de diversas áreas en el Hercínico de la Península Ibérica se observan a menudo las siguientes reacciones: Estaurolita + moscovita + cuarzo = biotita + Al2SiO5+ H2OGranate + moscovita = Al2SiO5 + biotita ± cuarzo Biotita + Al2SiO5 + cuarzo = cordierita + feldespato potásico + H2O. Se han estudiado en el sistema con K2O -FeO- Al2O3-SiO2-H2O (KFASH tres asociacioness con Bi-Mu-St-Als-Qz- H2O además de Cd-Gt-Fk, eliminando en cada una de ellas una de las tres últimas fases. La expansión de las reacciones que se obtienen con estas asociaciones, en superficies divariantes a través del espacio P-T-X(Fe-Mg, se realizó estudiando la asociación GtSt- Cd-Bi-Mu-Fk-Als-Qz- H2 en el sistema KFMASH con una relación Fe/Fe+Mg según Gt St Bi Cd, tal como se observa en la mayoría de roca pelíticas. A partir de las anteriores redes se ba obtenido otra para condiciones de PH20=Pt baja fugacidad de oxígeno (tampón QFM, y exceso de moscovita y cuarzo. Las pendientes de las reacciones en esta última red se calcularon para diferentes condiciones poTo Se han obtenido las relaciones teóricas P-T-X(Fe-Mg para tres reacciones univariantes y trece divariantes. La red confirma la imposibilidad de la coexistencia entre estaurolita y feldespato potásico y entre granate, cordierita y moscovita. Se constata, además, la extensión de los campos de estabilidad de Gt-St, Cd-St y Gt-Cd en metapelitas pobres en moscovita.

  12. Métodos emergentes para aumentar a eficiência do ozônio no tratamento de águas contaminadas New methods for enhancing ozone efficiency on contaminated water treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amira Mahmoud

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Many industrial processes produce effluents with a wide variety of xenobiotic organic pollutants, which cannot be efficiently degraded by conventional biological treatments. Thus, the development of new technologies to eliminate these refractory compounds in water has become very imperative in order to assure the quality of this important resource. Ozonation is a very promising process for the treatment of wastewaters containing non-easily removable organic compounds. The present work aims at highlighting new methods of enhancing the efficiency of ozone towards the removal organic pollutants in aqueous solution. Special attention is given to catalytic ozonation processes contemplating homo- and heterogeneous catalysis, their activity and mechanisms. Recent results and future prospects about the application of these processes to real effluents are also evaluated.

  13. Ozônio em morangos minimamente processados, uma alternativa ao uso do cloro na segurança de alimentos | Ozone application on ready-to-eat strawberries a food safety alternative to the chlorine use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Corrêa de Souza Coelho

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da sanitização por ozonização aquosa e da a cloração na redução da carga microbiana de morangos submetidos ao processamento mínimo. Morangos foram selecionados, lavados em água corrente e submetidos aos tratamentos: T1 Imersão em água ozonizada a 0,2 mg L-1 por 5 min; T2 Imersão em água ozonizada a 0,5 mg L-1 por 5 min; T3 Imersão em água ozonizada a 1,0 mg L-1 por 5 min; T4 Cloração; T5 Controle; T6 Morangos in natura. Posteriormente, os frutos foram processados, drenados, embalados e armazenados em câmara de refrigeração a 5ºC ± 1ºC, por seis dias. As análises microbiológicas para Coliformes a 35ºC (NMP g-1 e Contagem de Fungos Filamentosos e Leveduras (UFC g-1 foram realizadas no dia do processamento. Enquanto que as análises microbiológicas de Enumeração de estafilococos coagulase positiva, Coliformes a 45ºC (NMP g-1, e detecção de Salmonella sp. foram realizadas no dia do processamento e após 6 dias de armazenamento. A carga microbiana de Coliformes totais foi constatada apenas em T6. Os tratamentos com a água ozonizada foram mais eficientes do que o cloro na remoção de fungos filamentosos e Leveduras. A contaminação por Salmonella sp., E. coli, e coliformes 45ºC não foram observada em nenhuma das avaliações. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the sanitization process using aqueous ozone and chlorination in reducing the microbial load on strawberries subjected to minimal processing. Strawberries were selected, washed in tap water, and sanitized using the following treatments: T1 Immersion in aqueous ozone at 0.2 mg/L for 5 min; T2 Immersion in aqueous ozone at 0.5 mg/L for 5 min; T3 Immersion in aqueous ozone at 1.0 mg/L for 5 min; T4 Chlorination; T5 Control; or T6 Strawberries without sanitization (natural. After sanitization, the fruits were processed, drained, packaged, and stored under refrigeration at 5ºC ± 1ºC for 6 days. Microbiological analyses for coliforms at 35ºC (MPN/g and counts of filamentous fungi and yeasts (CFU/g were performed on the day of processing. Microbiological enumeration of coagulase-positive staphylococci, coliforms at 45ºC (MPN/g, and detection of Salmonella spp. were performed on the day of processing and again after 6 days of storage. The microbial count of total coliforms was observed only in T6. Treatments with aqueous ozone were more effective than treatment with chlorine in removing filamentous fungi and yeasts. Contamination by Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli, and coliforms at 45ºC was not observed in the analyzed samples.

  14. Silver Nanoparticles Filling in TiOz Hollow Nanofibers by Coaxial Electrospinning%同轴静电纺丝法在纳米中空Ti02纤维中填充Ag的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常国庆; 郑曦; 陈日耀; 陈晓; 陈力勤; 陈震

    2008-01-01

    以聚乙烯吡咯烷酮(PVP)溶胶,钛酸四正丁酯和PVP溶胶,银颗粒为前驱体,以共轴静电纺丝法制备了银填充的TiO2中空纳米纤维.将双组分纤维在200℃下热处理去除乙醇与表面吸附水后,继而在空气气氛中焙烧至600℃.可以得到在内表面上沉积银颗粒的TiO2纳米管,银颗粒的直径为5-40 nm,TiO2纳米管的外径150-300 nm.管臂厚10-20 nm.用红外吸收光谱(IR)、X射线衍射(XRD)、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、透射电子显微镜(TEM)等测试手段对超细纤维进行了表征.中空纤维的直径和管壁可以通过改变电纺参数来调节.与Ag-TiO2纳米纤维、TiO2纳米中空纤维、TiO2纳米纤维及TiO2纳米粉体相比较,Ag颗粒填充的TiO2纳米中空纤维在光分解亚甲基蓝上表现出了更好的光催化性能.%This study investigated the coaxial electrospinning process of silver filling in TiO2 ultrafine hollow fibers using polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) sol/titanium n-butyloxide (Ti(OC4H9)4) and PVP sol/silver nanoparticles as pore-directing agents. The bicomponent fibers were heat treated at 200℃(2 and calcined at 600 ~C. Silver particles having diameters of 5 to 40 nm were deposited on the inner surface of the long hollow TiO2 nanofibers (outer diameter of 150-300 am) with mesoporous walls (thickness of 10-20 nm). The morphological structure of the filled ultrafine hollow fibers has been studied by means of infrared (IR) spectrum, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The diameters and wall thicknesses of the hollow fibers could be tuned by adjusting the electrospinning parameters. Compared with other nanostructured TiO2 materials, such as mesoporous Ag TiO2 blending fibers, TiO2 hollow nanofibers, TiO2 nanofibers, and TiO2 powders, the silver filled TiO2 hollow fibers exhibited a higher photocatalytic activity toward the degradation of methylene blue.

  15. Conversor para pulsos elétricos de alta tensão, de curta duração, para processos de geração de ozônio

    OpenAIRE

    Hincapie Baena, Alejandro [UNESP

    2014-01-01

    This research proposes, analyzes and implements a converter for generating high voltage electric pulses for application to ozone production and injection in water for the purpose of bactericidal and germicidal processes for cleaning and sanitizing industry applications. The proposed converter consists of two stages, the first stage being a Boost rectifier operating in Discontinuous Conduction Mode (DCM), responsible for getting a Continuous Current (CC) bus regulated and, acting as input volt...

  16. Aspectos higiênicos-sanitários de vegetais minimamente processados e perfil de resistência das leveduras isoladas frente ao hipoclorito de sódio e ozônio

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Ana Paula Maciel [UNESP

    2010-01-01

    A demanda por dietas saudáveis, a participação feminina cada vez maior no mercado de trabalho, reduzindo o tempo gasto no preparo das refeições e a praticidade cada vez mais exigida pelas redes de fast-food e restaurantes, resultaram em uma expansão no setor de vegetais minimamente processados. O objetivo do processamento mínimo é oferecer ao consumidor, frutas e hortaliças prontas para o preparo/consumo, ou seja, alimentos práticos, que economizam tempo, espaço e mão-de-obra. Além disso, dev...

  17. Solubilización no proteolítica y propiedades generales de peroxidasa de tiroides bovino / Francisco Muñoz Solano ; Directores J. A. Lozano Teruel, J. L. Iborra Pastor.

    OpenAIRE

    1980-01-01

    Fotocopia original. Tesis - Universidad de Murcia. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. ARCHIVO UNIVERSITARIO. TM 3264. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. ARCHIVO UNIVERSITARIO. D 626. CRAI CIENCIAS. DEPOSITO. T.D. 95. CRAI CIENCIAS. DEPOSITO. T.D. 220.

  18. Review of HxPyOz-Catalyzed H + OH Recombination in Scramjet Nozzle Expansions; and Possible Phosphoric Acid Enhancement of Scramjet Flameholding, from Extinction of H3PO4 + H2 - Air Counterflow Diffusion Flames

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellett, Gerald

    2005-01-01

    Recent detailed articles by Twarowski indicate that small quantities of phosphorus oxides and acids in the fuel-rich combustion products of H2 + phosphine (PH3) + air should significantly catalyze H, OH and O recombination kinetics during high-speed nozzle expansions -- to reform H2O, release heat, and approach equilibrium more rapidly and closely than uncatalyzed kinetics. This paper is an initial feasibility study to determine (a) if addition of phosphoric acid vapor (H3PO4) to a H2 fuel jet -- which is much safer than using PH3 -- will allow combustion in a high-speed scramjet engine test without adverse effects on localized flameholding, and (b) if phosphorus-containing exhaust emissions are environmentally acceptable. A well-characterized axisymmetric straight-tube opposed jet burner (OJB) tool is used to evaluate H3PO4 addition effects on the air velocity extinction limit (flame strength) of a H2 versus air counterflow diffusion flame. Addition of nitric oxide (NO), also believed to promote catalytic H-atom recombination, was evaluated for comparison. Two to five mass percent H3PO4 in the H2 jet increased flame strength 4.2%, whereas airside addition decreased it 1%. Adding 5% NO to the H2 caused a 2% decrease. Products of H-atom attack on H3PO4 produced an intense green chemiluminescence near the stagnation point. The resultant exothermic production of phosphorus oxides and acids, with accelerated H-atom recombination, released sufficient heat near the stagnation point to increase flame strength. In conclusion, the addition of H3PO4 vapor (or more reactive P sources) to hydrogen in scramjet engine tests may positively affect flameholding stability in the combustor and thrust production during supersonic expansion -- a possible dual benefit with system design / performance implications. Finally, a preliminary assessment of possible environmental effects indicates that scramjet exhaust emissions should consist of phosphoric acid aerosol, with gradual conversion to phosphate aerosol. This is compared to various natural abundances and sources.

  19. Pré-tratamento com cloro e ozônio para remoção de cianobactérias Pre-treatment with chlorine and ozone for removal of the cyanobacteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Iza Mondardo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo investigar o desempenho da ozonização e da cloração utilizadas na pré-oxidação de água, com elevada concentração de microalgas e cianobactérias, a ser submetida à Filtração Direta Descendente, seguida de desinfecção por cloro, avaliando a qualidade da água produzida, sobretudo no que se refere à remoção de fitoplâncton, à formação de trialometanos e aos testes toxicológicos. Os ensaios, em escala piloto, realizados com a pré-ozonização, apresentaram melhores resultados quando comparados aos realizados com a pré-cloração. Em relação aos trialometanos, por exemplo, a aplicação da pré-ozonização com 2 mgO3/L reduziu em até 50% a formação desses compostos quando comparado ao emprego da pré-cloração. O emprego da ozonização demonstrou ser uma excelente alternativa para o pré-tratamento de água com elevada concentração de microalgas e cianobactérias que utiliza a técnica da filtração direta como processo de potabilização, produzindo água filtrada condizente com o padrão de potabilidade estabelecidos pela Portaria 518/GM do Ministério da Saúde.The present work aims at investigating the performance of ozonation and chlorination used in the pre-oxidation of water with high microalgae and cyanobacteria concentration to be submitted to downflow direct filtration followed by chlorine disinfection, and evaluating the quality of the water produced, especially with regard to phytoplankton removal, trihalomethane formation, and toxicological tests. The pilot scale tests carried outwith the pre-ozonation exhibited better results when compared to the results from the pre-chlorination tests. As to the trihalomethanes, for example, the application of pre-ozonation with 2 mgO3/L reduced in 50% the formation of these compounds whencompared to the application of pre-chlorination. The application of ozonation was shown to be an excellent alternative for pre-treating water with high concentration of microalgae and cyanobacteria when using the direct fi ltration technique for producing water that complies with the drinking water standards established by Portaria GM 518-25/03/2004 of the Brazilian Health Department (Ministério da Saúde.

  20. Calcium and Vitamin D: Important at Every Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... fortified with calcium, 6 oz. 200–260 (varies) Salmon, canned, with edible bones, 3 oz. 181 Pudding, ... the product meets United States Pharmacopeia (USP) standards. Vitamin D The body needs vitamin D to absorb ...

  1. FNLM Medical Awards | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Medicine Award winner Dr. Mehmet Oz and wife Lisa at the Awards Gala. Photo: Michael Spencer Drs. Michael Roizen and Mehmet Oz helped improve patient education and health literacy in their bestselling YOU: ...

  2. 7 CFR 52.782 - Allowances for quality factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PROCESSED FOOD PRODUCTS 1 United States Standards for Grades of Canned Red Tart Pitted Cherries 1 Allowances... average 1 per 30 ozs 4 or more in any sample unit Sample average 1 per 20 ozs. Defects: 100 cherries...

  3. Reassessment of Occupational Health Among U.S. Air Force Remotely Piloted Aircraft (Drone) Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-05

    typical day (standard alcohol serving sizes = 12 oz of beer , or 5 oz of wine, or 1.5 oz of liquor)? (Audit C - Item #2) 0; 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8...average day. (multiple check list) (Traditional Caffeine): Tea; coffee (standard brew ); designer coffee (espresso and espresso based drinks like

  4. Combined photolysis and catalytic ozonation of dimethyl phthalate in a high-gravity rotating packed bed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chia-Chi; Chiu, Chun-Yu; Chang, Ching-Yuan; Chang, Chiung-Fen; Chen, Yi-Hung; Ji, Dar-Ren; Yu, Yue-Hwa; Chiang, Pen-Chi

    2009-01-15

    In this study, a high-gravity rotating packed bed (HGRPB) was used as a catalytic ozonation reactor to decompose dimethyl phthalate (DMP), an endocrine disrupting chemical commonly encountered. The HGRPB is an effective gas-liquid mixing equipment which can enhance the ozone mass transfer coefficient. Platinum-containing catalyst (Pt/-Al2O3) of Dash 220N and ultra violet (UV) lamp were combined in the high-gravity ozonation (HG-OZ) system to enhance the self-decomposition of molecular ozone in liquid to form highly reactive radical species. Different combinations of HG-OZ with Dash 220N and UV for the degradation of DMP were tested. These include HG-OZ, HG catalytic OZ (HG-Pt-OZ), HG photolysis OZ (HG-UV-OZ) and HG-UV-Pt-OZ. The result indicated that all the above four ozonation processes result in significant decomposition of DMP and mineralization of total organic carbon (TOC) at the applied ozone dosage per volume of liquid sample of 1.2gL(-1). The UV and Pt/gamma-Al2O3 combined in HG-OZ can enhance the TOC mineralization efficiency (eta(TOC)) to 56% (via HG-UV-OZ) and 57% (via HG-Pt-OZ), respectively, while only 45% with ozone only. The process of HG-UV-Pt-OZ offers the highest eta(TOC) of about 68%.

  5. Caffeine content of prepackaged national-brand and private-label carbonated beverages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, K-H; Bell, L N

    2007-08-01

    Caffeine is a well-known stimulant that is added as an ingredient to various carbonated soft drinks. Due to its stimulatory and other physiological effects, individuals desire to know the exact amount of caffeine consumed from these beverages. This study analyzed the caffeine contents of 56 national-brand and 75 private-label store-brand carbonated beverages using high-performance liquid chromatography. Caffeine contents ranged from 4.9 mg/12 oz (IGA Cola) to 74 mg/12 oz (Vault Zero). Some of the more common national-brand carbonated beverages analyzed in this study with their caffeine contents were Coca-Cola (33.9 mg/12 oz), Diet Coke (46.3 mg/12 oz), Pepsi (38.9 mg/12 oz), Diet Pepsi (36.7 mg/12 oz), Dr Pepper (42.6 mg/12 oz), Diet Dr Pepper (44.1 mg/12 oz), Mountain Dew (54.8 mg/12 oz), and Diet Mountain Dew (55.2 mg/12 oz). The Wal-Mart store-brand beverages with their caffeine contents were Sam's Cola (12.7 mg/12 oz), Sam's Diet Cola (13.3 mg/12 oz), Dr Thunder (30.6 mg/12 oz), Diet Dr Thunder (29.9 mg/12 oz), and Mountain Lightning (46.5 mg/12 oz). Beverages from 14 other stores were also analyzed. Most store-brand carbonated beverages were found to contain less caffeine than their national-brand counterparts. The wide range of caffeine contents in carbonated beverages indicates that consumers would benefit from the placement of caffeine values on food labels.

  6. Female Reproductive Effects of Exposure to Jet Fuel at U.S. Air Force Bases

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-11-01

    Tubarpregnancy? El Abortion? El IF NOT A LIVE BIRTH GO TO 41a2 OR, IF NO IF NO ADDITIONAL PREGNANCIES, G0-TU Qf42. IF A SINGLE OR MULTIPLE BIRTH, ASK: 41c0...34How much did the baby(’babies if multiple birth’) delivered with this pregnancy weigh?" / / / -lb- oz ozs -loz --s oz SECOND PREGNANCY: 41a2 ) "What

  7. One Piece Orbitozygomatic Approach Based on the Sphenoid Ridge Keyhole

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spiriev, Toma; Poulsgaard, Lars; Fugleholm, Kaare

    2016-01-01

    The one-piece orbitozygomatic (OZ) approach is traditionally based on the McCarty keyhole. Here, we present the use of the sphenoid ridge keyhole and its possible advantages as a keyhole for the one-piece OZ approach. Using transillumination technique the osteology of the sphenoid ridge was exami......The one-piece orbitozygomatic (OZ) approach is traditionally based on the McCarty keyhole. Here, we present the use of the sphenoid ridge keyhole and its possible advantages as a keyhole for the one-piece OZ approach. Using transillumination technique the osteology of the sphenoid ridge...

  8. Demonstration of Removal, Separation, and Recovery of Heavy Metals from Industrial Wastestreams Using Molecular Recognition Technology (MRT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-11-01

    then covalently attached to solid supports such as silica or polyacrylate and the resulting products is trademarked as Superlig®. The applications...gal) Diethythiorea (lbs) Rodine-50 (gal Detergent (gal) Water 85.3 F Oz/G 0.53 Oz/G 0.14 F Oz/G 0.12 F Oz/G Balance Chromium Metal...the conversion factor may vary, i.e.: for silica supported Superlig® it is 0.45 kilograms/liter and for polyacrylates supported 0.21 kilograms/liter

  9. Military and Private Sector Commodity Outlets: A Retail Price Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-02-01

    89 6. Del Monte Bananas, 1 lb. .34 .49 7. Sunkist Oranges , 1 lb. .37 .56 8. Minute Maid Frozen Lemon Juice, 6 fl. oz. .25 .41 9. Red Delicious Apples...continued Prices Iter Commissary Safeway 47. Marlboro Cigarettes, Carton 5.28 7.99 48. Carnation Evaporated Milk, Canned, 13 fl. oz. .46 .47 49. Gerber...1 lb. .90 1.29 80. Jimmy Dean Pork Sausage, 16 oz. 1.53 2.49 81. Minute Maid Frozen Orange Juice, 12 f!. oz. .97 .99 TOTAL $114.70 $152.23 1. Sale

  10. ROIG, ARTURO E.; Vermeren, Patrice; et. al. Repensando el siglo XIX desde América latina y Francia: Homenaje al filósofo Arturo A. Roig. Compilado por Marisa Muñoz y Patrice Vermeren. Buenos Aires: Colihue, 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego A. Fernández Peychaux

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available La reseña de un trabajo colectivo surgido de un coloquio filosófico franco-latinoamericano que se realizó en Mendoza (Argentina en el año 2008, se enfrenta a la dificultad de saberse superada por circunlocución. La belleza, la habilidad y la energía de los textos compilados superan por mucho lo que aquí podríamos resumir en unas pocas líneas. Entraríamos en una contradicción si dejáramos que el renombre de algunos autores influyese en una selección apresurada de los textos. Por ello, creemos que lo pertinente pasa por dar cuenta de las distintas estructuras internas en las que reposa este volumen.

  11. Reseña. Consecuencias económicas de la Independencia. Edwin Muñoz R., et al. Heraclio Bonilla (ed.. Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia-Comisión para la Celebración del Bicentenario de la Independencia, 2012, 231 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Sebastián Torres Güiza

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Consecuencias económicas de la Independencia, editado por Heraclio Bonilla, comprende una compilación de ocho capítulos, escritos por ocho autores diferentes, que investigan las consecuencias que tuvo la guerra de la Independencia en el desempeño de la economía al finalizar el Nuevo Reino de Granada y en los inicios de la Gran Colombia, y reflexionan sobre dichas consecuencias. La exposición del libro centra su atención en generar nuevos aportes a los análisis que se realizan continuamente sobre la Independencia en la historiografía del país.

  12. TiO_2-石墨烯-Nafion复合膜修饰玻碳电极同时测定多巴胺和尿酸%Simultaneous Determination of Dopamine and Uric Acid Based on TiOz-Graphene- Nation Composite Film Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雪; 王兰; 樊阳; 刘凤杰

    2012-01-01

    利用在玻碳电极上修饰了TiO2-石墨烯-Nafion复合膜制得的修饰电极进行多巴胺(DA)和尿酸(UA)的同时测定。用循环伏安法(CV)和差分脉冲伏安法(DPV)研究了该修饰电极的电化学行为。在pH为7.0的磷酸盐缓冲液(PBS)中,修饰电极对于DA和UA的电化学氧化具有良好的电催化性能。DA和UA的氧化峰电流分别在2~120和60~300μmol/L浓度范围内呈良好的线性关系,检出限分别为0.066和0.102μmol/L。实验结果表明,TiO2-石墨烯-Nafion复合膜修饰电极显著提高了检测的灵敏度,并表现出良好的选择性和重现性。%A modified electrode, which was fabricated by casting TiO2-graphene-Nafion composite film on glass carbon electrode surface and drying in room temperature, was used for determination of dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA) simultaneously. The electrochemical behavior of DA and UA at the modified electrode was investigated by cyclic voltametry (CV) and different pulse vohametry ( DPV). In pH 7.0 phosphate buffer solution (PBS), the modified electrode showed excellent electro-catalytic activity for the oxidation of DA and UA. The oxidation peak current showed good linear relationships with the concentration of DA and UA in the range of 2 - 120 and 60 - 300p~mol/L, respectively. The limits of detection were 0. 066 and 0. 102μmol/L. The presented method exhibits high sensitivity, selectivity and reproducibility.

  13. Análise, in vitro, da redução de endotoxinas em canais radiculares contaminados, após o emprego de sistemas de gás ozônio e eletrofulguração

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    A presença da endotoxina (LPS) bacteriana no sistema de canais radiculares está relacionada com a manutenção e evolução das doenças pulpares e periapicais. Até o momento, não há nenhuma técnica ou material que seja completamente eficaz na eliminação do LPS. Logo, com objetivo de aprimorar o processo de desinfecção e, consequentemente, aumentar as taxas de sucesso no tratamento endodôntico, tem-se buscado alternativas aos protocolos clínicos realizados atualmente. A utilização de equipamentos ...

  14. 76 FR 10562 - Caribbean Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... (former Pierre Hotel), De Diego Avenue, Santurce, Puerto Rico. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Caribbean Fishery Management Council, 268 Mu oz Rivera Avenue, Suite 1108, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00918-1920..., 268 Mu oz Rivera Avenue, Suite 1108, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00918-1920, telephone: (787) 766-5926,...

  15. Developing Mathematical Understanding along the Yellow Brick Road.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitin, Phyllis; Whitin, David J.

    2003-01-01

    Describes how one kindergarten classroom made pictographs and paper graphs of the students' acting preferences for a production of "The Wizard of Oz." Focuses on how the activity led to varied mathematics and literacy connections. Identifies implications from the Oz experience, including relating graphs to classroom contexts, using multiple forms…

  16. Larger Bowl Size Increases the Amount of Cereal Children Request, Consume, and Waste

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wansink, Brian; van Ittersum, Koert; Payne, Collin R.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To examine whether larger bowls bias children toward requesting more food from the adults who serve them. Study design Study 1 was a between-subject design involving 69 preschool-age children who were randomized to receive either a small (8 oz) or large (16 oz) cereal bowl and were asked t

  17. Self Reported Behavioral Health Habits and Other Health Issues Influencing Capabilities and Mission Readiness of Combat Search and Rescue Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-23

    a week How many standard drinks containing alcohol do you have on a typical day (standard alcohol serving sizes = 12 oz of beer , or 5 oz of wine... brew ); designer coffee (espresso and espresso based drinks like Starbucks); decaf coffee/tea; standard soda (Coke, Pepsi, Diet Coke); high

  18. Mathematical modeling and Monte Carlo simulation of thermal inactivation of non-proteolytic Clostridium botulinum spores during continuous microwave-assisted pasteurization

    Science.gov (United States)

    The objective of this study is to develop a mathematical method to simulate the internal temperature history of products processed in a prototype microwave-assisted pasteurization system (MAPS) developed by Washington State University. Two products (10 oz. beef meatball trays and 16 oz. salmon fill...

  19. 77 FR 5775 - Caribbean Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... at the Doubletree Hilton Hotel in 105 De Diego Avenue, Santurce, Puerto Rico. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Caribbean Fishery Management Council, 268 Mu oz Rivera Avenue, Suite 1108, San Juan, Puerto Rico... Management Council, 268 Mu oz Rivera Avenue, Suite 1108, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 00918- 1920, telephone: (787...

  20. 77 FR 39221 - Caribbean Fishery Management Council; Public Hearings and Scoping Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-02

    ..., and Locations. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Caribbean Fishery Management Council, 268 Mu oz Rivera...: Meetings, Dates, and Locations Puerto Rico July 23, 2012, DoubleTree by Hilton San Juan, 105 De Diego... contact Mr. Miguel A. Rol n, Executive Director, Caribbean Fishery Management Council, 268 Mu oz Rivera...

  1. Combined pretreatment using ozonolysis and ball milling to improve enzymatic saccharification of corn straw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Feng; Xiang, Heji; Li, Yongfu

    2015-03-01

    Two clean pretreatments, ozonolysis (OZ) and planetary ball milling (BM) were applied separately and in combination to improve the enzymatic hydrolysis of corn straw. Pretreatment of corn straw by OZ and BM alone improved the enzymatic hydrolysis significantly, primarily through delignification and decrystallization of cellulose, respectively. When combined, OZ-BM and BM-OZ pretreatments made the enzymatic hydrolysis more efficient. The glucose and xylose yield of corn straw treated with OZ for 90 min followed by BM for 8 min (OZ90-BM8) reached to 407.8 and 101.9 mg/g-straw, respectively under cellulase loading of 15 FPU/g-straw, which was fivefold more than that of untreated straw. Under much lower cellulase loading of 1.5 FPU/g-straw, the glucose and xylose yield of treated straw OZ90-BM8 remained at 416.0 and 108.4 mg/g-straw, respectively, while the yield of untreated straw decreased. These findings indicate that the combined OZ-BM can be used as a promising pretreatment for corn straw.

  2. 16 CFR 500.27 - Multiunit packages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., Net Wt. 3.4 ozs. (96.3 g) each, Total Net Wt. 1 lb. 4.4 oz. (578 g)” Facial Tissues: “10 Packs, each 25 two-ply tissues, 9.7 in. × 8.2 in. (24.6 × 20.8 cm), Total 250 Tissues.” (b) The...

  3. Octazethrene and Its Isomer with Different Diradical Characters and Chemical Reactivity: The Role of the Bridge Structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Pan; Lee, Sangsu; Park, Kyu Hyung; Das, Soumyajit; Herng, Tun Seng; Gonçalves, Théo P; Huang, Kuo-Wei; Ding, Jun; Kim, Dongho; Wu, Jishan

    2016-04-01

    The fundamental relationship between structure and diradical character is important for the development of open-shell diradicaloid-based materials. In this work, we synthesized two structural isomers bearing a 2,6-naphthoquinodimethane or a 1,5-naphthoquinodimethane bridge and demonstrated that their diradical characters and chemical reactivity are quite different. The mesityl-or pentafluorophenyl-substituted octazethrene derivatives OZ-M/OZ-F and their isomer OZI-M (with mesityl substituents) were synthesized via an intramolecular Friedel-Crafts alkylation followed by oxidative dehydrogenation strategy from the key building blocks 4 and 11. Our detailed experimental and theoretical studies showed that both isomers have an open-shell singlet ground state with a remarkable diradical character (y0 = 0.35 and 0.34 for OZ-M and OZ-F, and y0 = 0.58 for OZI-M). Compounds OZ-M and OZ-F have good stability in an ambient environment, while OZI-M has high reactivity and can be easily oxidized to a dioxo product 15, which can be correlated to their different diradical characters. Additionally, we investigated the physical properties of OZ-M, OZ-F, and 15.

  4. Splenic marginal zone lymphoma with Evans' syndrome, autoimmunity, and peripheral gamma/delta T cells

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Splenic marginal zone lymphoma with Evans? syndrome, autoimmunity, and peripheral gamma/delta T cells (Garcia-Mu?oz, Ricardo) Hematology Service, Clinica Universitaria, University of Navarra - Pamplona - SPAIN (Garcia-Mu?oz, Ricardo) Hematology Service, Clinica Universitaria, University of Navarra - Pamplona - SPAIN (Rodriguez-Otero, Paula) Hematology Service, Clinica Universitaria, University of Navarra - Pamplona - SPAIN (Pegenaute, Carlota) Department of...

  5. Non-Native Japanese Listeners' Perception of Vowel Length Contrasts in Japanese and Modern Standard Arabic (MSA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsukada, Kimiko

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to compare the perception of short vs. long vowel contrasts in Japanese and Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) by four groups of listeners differing in their linguistic backgrounds: native Arabic (NA), native Japanese (NJ), non-native Japanese (NNJ) and Australian English (OZ) speakers. The NNJ and OZ groups shared the first language…

  6. Octazethrene and Its Isomer with Different Diradical Characters and Chemical Reactivity: The Role of the Bridge Structure

    KAUST Repository

    Hu, Pan

    2016-03-11

    The fundamental relationship between structure and diradical character is important for the development of open-shell diradicaloid-based materials. In this work, we synthesized two structural isomers bearing a 2,6-naphthoquinodimethane or a 1,5-naphthoquinodimethane bridge and demonstrated that their diradical characters and chemical reactivity are quite different. The mesityl or pentafluorophenyl substituted octazethrene derivatives OZ-M/OZ-F and their isomer OZI-M (with mesityl substituents) were synthesized via an intramolecular Friedel-Crafts alkylation followed by oxidative dehydrogenation strategy from the key building blocks 4 and 11. Our detailed experimental and theoretical studies showed that both isomers have an open-shell singlet ground state with a remarkable diradical character (y0 = 0.35 and 0.34 for OZ-M and OZ-F, and y0 = 0.58 for OZI-M). Compounds OZ-M and OZ-F have good stability under the ambient environment while OZI-M has high reactivity and can be easily oxidized to a dioxo-product 15, which can be correlated to their different diradical characters. Additionally, we investigated the physical properties of OZ-M, OZ-F and 15.

  7. Improved functional vasodilation in obese Zucker rats following exercise training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebai, Mohamad; Lu, Silu; Xiang, Lusha; Hester, Robert L

    2011-09-01

    Obese individuals exhibit impaired functional vasodilation and exercise performance. We have demonstrated in obese Zucker rats (OZ), a model of morbid obesity, that insulin resistance impairs functional vasodilation via an increased thromboxane receptor (TP)-mediated vasoconstriction. Chronic treadmill exercise training improves functional vasodilation in the spinotrapezius muscle of the OZ, but the mechanisms responsible for the improvement in functional vasodilation are not clear. Based on evidence that exercise training improves insulin resistance, we hypothesized that, in the OZ, exercise training increases functional vasodilation and exercise capability due to decreases TP-mediated vasoconstriction associated with improved insulin sensitivity. Six-week-old lean Zucker rats (LZ) and OZ were exercised on a treadmill (24 m/min, 30 min/day, 5 days/wk) for 6 wk. An oral glucose tolerance test was performed at the end of the training period. We measured functional vasodilation in both exercise trained (spinotrapezius) and nonexercise trained (cremaster) muscles to determine whether the improved functional vasodilation following exercise training in OZ is due to a systemic improved insulin resistance. Compared with LZ, the sedentary OZ exhibited impairments in glucose tolerance and functional vasodilation in both muscles. The TP antagonist SQ-29548 improved the vasodilator responses in the sedentary OZ with no effect in the LZ. Exercising training of the LZ increased the functional vasodilation in spinotrapezius muscle, with no effect in the cremaster muscle. Exercising training of the OZ improved glucose tolerance, along with increased functional vasodilation, in both the spinotrapezius and cremaster muscles. SQ-29548 treatment had no effect on the vasodilator responses in either cremaster or spinotrapezius muscles of the exercise-trained OZ. These results suggest that, in the OZ, there is a global effect of exercising training to improve insulin resistance and

  8. Pt-catalyzed ozonation of aqueous phenol solution using high-gravity rotating packed bed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chia-Chi; Chiu, Chun-Yu; Chang, Ching-Yuan; Chang, Chiung-Fen; Chen, Yi-Hung; Ji, Dar-Ren; Tseng, Jyi-Yeong; Yu, Yue-Hwa

    2009-09-15

    In this study, a high-gravity rotating packed bed (HGRPB or HG) was used as a catalytic ozonation (Cat-OZ) reactor to decompose phenol. The operation of HGRPB system was carried out in a semi-batch apparatus which combines two major parts, namely the rotating packed bed (RPB) and photo-reactor (PR). The high rotating speed of RPB can give a high volumetric gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient with one or two orders of magnitude higher than those in the conventional packed beds. The platinum-containing catalyst (Dash 220N, Pt/gamma-Al(2)O(3)) and activated alumina (gamma-Al(2)O(3)) were packed in the RPB respectively to adsorb molecular ozone and the target pollutant of phenol on the surface to catalyze the oxidation of phenol. An ultra violet (UV) lamp (applicable wavelength lambda=200-280 nm) was installed in the PR to enhance the self-decomposition of molecular ozone in water to form high reactive radical species. Different combinations of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) with the HGRPB for the degradation of phenol were tested. These included high-gravity OZ (HG-OZ), HG catalytic OZ (HG-Cat-OZ), HG photolysis OZ (HG-UV-OZ) and HG-Cat-OZ with UV (HG-Cat-UV-OZ). The decomposition efficiency of total organic compound (eta(TOC)) of HG-UV-OZ with power of UV (P(UV)) of 16W is 54% at applied dosage of ozone per volume sample m(A,in)=1200 mg L(-1) (reaction time t=20 min), while that of HG-OZ without the UV irradiation is 24%. After 80 min oxidation (m(A,in)=4800 mg L(-1)), the eta(TOC) of HG-UV-OZ is as high as 94% compared to 82% of HG-OZ process. The values of eta(TOC) for HG-Cat-OZ process with m(S)=42 g are 56% and 87% at m(A,in)=1200 and 4800 mg L(-1), respectively. By increasing the catalyst mass to 77 g, the eta(TOC) for the HG-Cat-OZ process reaches 71% and 90% at m(A,in)=1200 and 4800 mg L(-1), respectively. The introduction of Pt/gamma-Al(2)O(3) as well as UV irradiation in the HG-OZ process can enhance the eta(TOC) of phenol significantly, while gamma

  9. Olanzapine-induced hepatopathy in albino rats: A newer model for screening putative hepatoprotective agents, namely silymarin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sengupta Parama

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Backgrounds: This study was conducted to establish olanzapine-induced hepatopathy in Wistar albino rats as a newer model to screen putative hepatoprotective agents namely silymarin. Materials and Methods: Albino rats were divided into three groups, namely vehicle control group (CG, olanzapine-treated group (OZ, and olanzapine plus silymarin (OZS treated groups. Both the OZ and OZS groups were treated with the same dose of intraperitoneal olanzapine for 6 weeks and group OZS additionally received oral silymarin. Baseline and terminal hepatic enzymes (SGOT, SGPT, and ALP were measured in all three groups. Results: Histopathological examination of livers of both OZ and OZS groups showed degenerative changes, whereas those of control group showed normal architecture. Liver enzyme levels showed statistically significant rise in comparison to the control group as well as the respective base line values in both the test groups, but the differences in the rise of liver enzymes between the two test groups were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Olanzapine-induced hepatopathy in rats can be used as a model for screening putative hepatoprotective agents and in our setting silymarin has failed to provide any hepatoprotection.

  10. Regulating the way to obesity: unintended consequences of limiting sugary drink sizes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brent M Wilson

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: We examined whether a sugary drink limit would still be effective if larger-sized drinks were converted into bundles of smaller-sized drinks. METHODS: In a behavioral simulation, participants were offered varying food and drink menus. One menu offered 16 oz, 24 oz, or 32 oz drinks for sale. A second menu offered 16 oz drinks, a bundle of two 12 oz drinks, or a bundle of two 16 oz drinks. A third menu offered only 16 oz drinks for sale. The method involved repeated elicitation of choices, and the instructions did not mention a limit on drink size. RESULTS: Participants bought significantly more ounces of soda with bundles than with varying-sized drinks. Total business revenue was also higher when bundles rather than only small-sized drinks were sold. CONCLUSIONS: Our research suggests that businesses have a strong incentive to offer bundles of soda when drink size is limited. Restricting larger-sized drinks may have the unintended consequence of increasing soda consumption rather than decreasing it.

  11. Effects of ferulic acid and γ-oryzanol on high-fat and high-fructose diet-induced metabolic syndrome in rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ou Wang

    Full Text Available The high morbidity of metabolic dysfunction diseases has heightened interest in seeking natural and safe compounds to maintain optimal health. γ-Oryzanol (OZ, the ferulic acid (FA ester with phytosterols, mainly present in rice bran has been shown to improve markers of metabolic syndrome. This study investigates the effects of FA and OZ on alleviating high-fat and high-fructose diet (HFFD-induced metabolic syndrome parameters.Male SD rats were fed with a regular rodent diet, HFFD, or HFFD supplemented with 0.05% FA or 0.16% OZ (equimolar concentrations for 13 weeks. Food intake, organ indices, serum lipid profiles, glucose metabolism, insulin resistance (IR index and cytokine levels were analyzed. The mechanisms were further investigated in oleic acid-stimulated HepG2 cells by analyzing triglyceride (TG content and lipogenesis-related gene expressions.In the in vivo study, FA and OZ exhibited similar effects in alleviating HFFD-induced obesity, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, and IR. However, only OZ treatment significantly decreased liver index and hepatic TG content, lowered serum levels of C-reactive protein and IL-6, and increased serum concentration of adiponectin. In the in vitro assay, only OZ administration significantly inhibited intracellular TG accumulation and down-regulated expression of stearoyl coenzyme-A desaturase-1, which might facilitate OZ to enhance its hepatoprotective effect.OZ is more effective than FA in inhibiting hepatic fat accumulation and inflammation. Thus, FA and OZ could be used as dietary supplements to alleviate the deleterious effects of HFFD.

  12. The Evolution of Spontaneous and Coherent Radiation in the Free Electron Laser Oscillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-16

    t A(z). AR(,t)Il (11) Z=z. where voz is the axial electron velocity in the wiggler. By substituting (1) and (2) into (11) and keeping the appropriate...ojt) = v oz Zoj./V + (I - Voz /Vo ) Lo + v ozt is the unperturbed orbit and Sz is the displacement due to the ponderomotive force. Equations (12) and (15...z .- 1. = - z .+ L" + c.c. 0 oJ 0 + t 0 oJ w- - ti (16) v v 0 0 where 6Oz = voz /c, n = Voz (kn + k W) - an = v ozk w- c k n(1 - R oz) is the

  13. ANALIZA MARKETINŠKEGA SPLETA PAKETNIH STORITEV POŠTE SLOVENIJE D.O.O.

    OpenAIRE

    Jurančič, Primož

    2011-01-01

    Diplomski seminar obravnava marketinški splet storitev (7P). V seminarju so zajete oz. prikazane najpomembnejše teoretične osnove obravnavane tematike in na primeru organizacije prikazan, ter glede na kakovost analiziran oz. raziskovan njihov marketinški splet storitev. V teoretičnem delu seminarja je v celoti predstavljen marketinški splet storitev (7P), saj so v ločenih poglavjih prikazane vse sestavine marketinškega spleta (7P): izdelek, cena, prostor, promocija oz. marketinško komunic...

  14. 77 FR 73025 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions and Deletions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ... NSN: 8950-01-E61-0108--Pepper, Red, Ground, 16 oz NSN: 8950-01-E60-9147--Pepper, Lemon, Seasoning, 28... Service Operations International Services Division, Washington, DC Cloth, Abrasive NSN: 5350-00-187-6275...

  15. 78 FR 34044 - Fisheries of the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; Comprehensive Fishery Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-06

    ... Juan, De Diego Avenue, San Juan, Puerto Rico. July 10, 2013 2 p.m.--at the Holiday Inn Ponce & Tropical..., or to the Caribbean Fishery Management Council, 270 Mu oz Rivera Avenue, Suite 401, San Juan,...

  16. 78 FR 34041 - Fisheries of the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; Comprehensive Fishery Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-06

    ... Tree by Hilton San Juan, De Diego Avenue, San Juan, Puerto Rico. July 10, 2013 2 p.m.--at the Holiday..., or to the Caribbean Fishery Management Council, 270 Mu oz Rivera Avenue, Suite 401, San Juan,...

  17. Calcium and Vitamin D

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pizza, cheese, frozen 1 serving 115 mg Pudding, chocolate, prepared with 2% milk 4 oz 160 mg ... Treatment Medication and Treatment Adherence Calcium/Vitamin D Nutrition Overall Health Fractures/Fall Prevention Exercise/Safe Movement ...

  18. The April Fool Turing Test

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dougherty, Mark; Dougherty, Sofi H; Westin, Jerker

    2006-01-01

    .... A standard diagonalisation argument toshow the non-computability of AI is extended to yields a socalled"April fool Turing test", which bears some relationship toWizard of Oz experiments and involves...

  19. 76 FR 4868 - Fisheries of the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; Comprehensive Annual Catch Limit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-27

    ... Fishery Management Council, 268 Mu oz Rivera Avenue, Suite 1108, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00918; telephone...Diego Avenue, San Juan, Puerto Rico. February 9, 2011, Mayag ez Holiday Inn, 2701 Hostos Avenue, Mayag...

  20. Inimsuhete kujutamisest uuemas heebrea kirjanduses / Kalle Kasemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kasemaa, Kalle, 1942-

    2003-01-01

    Artiklis on käsitletud järgmisi autoreid: Amos Oz, Abraham B. Jehoshua, Sami Michael, Dorit Rabinjan, Shifra Horn, Ronit Matalon, Judit Katzir, Tsruja Shalev, Klil Zisapel, Benjamin Tammuz, Michal Shalev, Edna Mazja

  1. 76 FR 30923 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions and Deletion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-27

    ... Administration. NSN: M.R. 305--Melamine Dinner Plate. NSN: M.R. 306--Melamine Fruit Plate. NSN: M.R. 307--21oz... for the Blind, Little Rock, AR. Mississippi Industries for the Blind, Jackson, MS....

  2. Removal of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins through drinking water treatment-full-scale studies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    This presentation covers the control of intact cyanobacterial cells through particulate removal processes such as coagulation, sedimentation and filtration. The control of cyanobacterial toxins through oxidation and adsorption processes including, but not limited to, chlorine, oz...

  3. Inimsuhete kujutamisest uuemas heebrea kirjanduses / Kalle Kasemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kasemaa, Kalle, 1942-

    2003-01-01

    Artiklis on käsitletud järgmisi autoreid: Amos Oz, Abraham B. Jehoshua, Sami Michael, Dorit Rabinjan, Shifra Horn, Ronit Matalon, Judit Katzir, Tsruja Shalev, Klil Zisapel, Benjamin Tammuz, Michal Shalev, Edna Mazja

  4. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    male sex workers' vulnerability to HIV infection in Ibadan Nigeria. Jennifer Muñoz ... million FSWs operating in the country (Pennington, 2006), existing studies estimate a ... promotion, harm reduction, treatment of sexually transmitted infections ...

  5. Maternal Diesel Inhalation Increases Airway Hyperreactivity in Ozone Exposed Offspring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Air pollutant exposure is linked with childhood asthma incidence and exacerbations, and maternal exposure to airborne pollutants during pregnancy increases airway hyperreactivity (ARR) in offspring. To determine if exposure to diesel exhaust during pregnancy worsened postnatal oz...

  6. 78 FR 43180 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions and Deletions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... Bottle, GS High Dilution 256 Neutral Disinfectant, Silk Screened, 12-32oz bottles NPA: Susquehanna... and Printing, 9000 Blue Mound Road, Fort Worth, TX NPA: Goodwill Industrial Services of Fort...

  7. Improved functional vasodilation in obese Zucker rats following exercise training

    OpenAIRE

    Sebai, Mohamad; Lu, Silu; Xiang, Lusha; Hester, Robert L.

    2011-01-01

    Obese individuals exhibit impaired functional vasodilation and exercise performance. We have demonstrated in obese Zucker rats (OZ), a model of morbid obesity, that insulin resistance impairs functional vasodilation via an increased thromboxane receptor (TP)-mediated vasoconstriction. Chronic treadmill exercise training improves functional vasodilation in the spinotrapezius muscle of the OZ, but the mechanisms responsible for the improvement in functional vasodilation are not clear. Based on ...

  8. TEHNOLOGIJE 3D TISKALNIKOV

    OpenAIRE

    Kolar, Nataša

    2016-01-01

    Diplomsko delo predstavi razvoj tiskanja skozi čas. Podrobneje so opisani 3D tiskalniki, ki uporabljajo različne tehnologije 3D tiskanja. Predstavljene so različne tehnologije 3D tiskanja, njihova uporaba in narejeni prototipi oz. končni izdelki. Diplomsko delo opiše celoten postopek, od zamisli, priprave podatkov in tiskalnika do izdelave prototipa oz. končnega izdelka.

  9. 40 CFR Appendix F to Part 75 - Conversion Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... × 10−10 oz-scm/µgm-scf Ch = Hourly Hg concentration, wet basis, adjusted for bias if the bias-test... decimal places, (ounces). K = Units conversion constant, 9.978 × 10−10 oz-scm/µgm-scf Ch = Hourly Hg... default Hg concentration from § 75.81(c), (d), or (e), expressed in µgm/scm. Correction for the stack...

  10. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-DRER-01-0052 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-DRER-01-0052 ref|NP_571043.1| odd Oz/ten-m homolog 3 [Danio rerio] sp|Q9W7R4|TEN3_BRARE Teneurin-3 (Ten...-3) (Tenascin-M3) (Ten-m3) (Protein Odd Oz/ten-m homolog 3) dbj|BAA81892.1| ten-m3 [Danio rerio] NP_571043.1 0.0 91% ...

  11. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-FCAT-01-1083 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-FCAT-01-1083 ref|NP_571043.1| odd Oz/ten-m homolog 3 [Danio rerio] sp|Q9W7R4|TEN3_BRARE Teneurin-3 (Ten...-3) (Tenascin-M3) (Ten-m3) (Protein Odd Oz/ten-m homolog 3) dbj|BAA81892.1| ten-m3 [Danio rerio] NP_571043.1 0.32 25% ...

  12. Validation of the 2nd Generation Proteasome Inhibitor Oprozomib for Local Therapy of Pulmonary Fibrosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Semren

    Full Text Available Proteasome inhibition has been shown to prevent development of fibrosis in several organs including the lung. However, effects of proteasome inhibitors on lung fibrosis are controversial and cytotoxic side effects of the overall inhibition of proteasomal protein degradation cannot be excluded. Therefore, we hypothesized that local lung-specific application of a novel, selective proteasome inhibitor, oprozomib (OZ, provides antifibrotic effects without systemic toxicity in a mouse model of lung fibrosis. Oprozomib was first tested on the human alveolar epithelial cancer cell line A549 and in primary mouse alveolar epithelial type II cells regarding its cytotoxic effects on alveolar epithelial cells and compared to the FDA approved proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (BZ. OZ was less toxic than BZ and provided high selectivity for the chymotrypsin-like active site of the proteasome. In primary mouse lung fibroblasts, OZ showed significant anti-fibrotic effects, i.e. reduction of collagen I and α smooth muscle actin expression, in the absence of cytotoxicity. When applied locally into the lungs of healthy mice via instillation, OZ was well tolerated and effectively reduced proteasome activity in the lungs. In bleomycin challenged mice, however, locally applied OZ resulted in accelerated weight loss and increased mortality of treated mice. Further, OZ failed to reduce fibrosis in these mice. While upon systemic application OZ was well tolerated in healthy mice, it rather augmented instead of attenuated fibrotic remodelling of the lung in bleomycin challenged mice. To conclude, low toxicity and antifibrotic effects of OZ in pulmonary fibroblasts could not be confirmed for pulmonary fibrosis of bleomycin-treated mice. In light of these data, the use of proteasome inhibitors as therapeutic agents for the treatment of fibrotic lung diseases should thus be considered with caution.

  13. Oryzanol as natural antioxidant for improving sunflower oil stability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunil, L; Srinivas, P; Prasanth Kumar, P K; Gopala Krishna, A G

    2015-06-01

    Sunflower oil is being made shelf stable by the incorporation of synthetic antioxidants such as tertiary butyl hydroquinone (TBHQ), while natural antioxidants like oryzanol and tocopherols can also be used. The aim of the current investigation was to evaluate the antioxidant effect of natural oryzanol (Oz) concentrate (15.5 % oryzanol) and purified Oz (80 % oryzanol) on oxidative and thermal stability of sunflower oil. Sunflower oil was incorporated with Oz concentrate to provide 0, 0.12, 0.25, 0.50, 0.84, 1.0, 1.60, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.20 % oryzanol in the oil, stored for 5 weeks at 37 °C and oxidative stability was evaluated. It was found that the oryzanol concentrate showed good antioxidant effect with increase in concentration of oryzanol. In another set of experiments, sunflower oil containing purified Oz at 1 % level individually and in combination with 0.1 % α- tocopherol (α-T) was heated at 120 °C for 24 h to evaluate thermal stability. Sunflower oil containing 1 % Oz (80 % purity) showed 98.40 % and sunflower oil containing 1 % Oz and 0.1 % α-T showed 108.75 % antioxidant effect compared to TBHQ taken as 100 %. The study indicated that sunflower oil containing 1 % Oz (80 % purity) and 0.1 % α-T combination provides a synergistic effect in inhibiting primary and secondary products and showed highest thermal stability. SFO containing 1 % Oz added as concentrate also showed good antioxidant effect during storage. Hence, instead of using synthetic antioxidants like TBHQ, we can add natural oryzanol (purified or as concentrate) to sunflower oil to increase its oxidative and thermal stability.

  14. Chemical-milling solution for invar alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batiuk, W.

    1980-01-01

    Excellent surface finishes and tolerances are achieved using two formulations. Solution A gives finish of 3.17 micrometers after milling at 57 to 63 deg C. Constituents of A are: Hydrofluoric acid (70%), 5,8 oz/gal; nitric acid (40-42) degrees Baume), 40 oz/gal. Alternative solution gives 2.16 micrometer finish, and differs from A by addition of 7% phosphoric acid. Formulations eliminate channeling at root fillets, dishing, island formation, and overhangs.

  15. 16 CFR 500.8 - Units of weight or mass and measure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Units of weight or mass and measure. 500.8... SECTION 4 OF THE FAIR PACKAGING AND LABELING ACT § 500.8 Units of weight or mass and measure. (a... (15 oz)” or “Net Mass 680 g (11/2 lbs)” or “100 g e (3.5 oz).”) (b) Statements of fluid measure shall...

  16. Multiphase-Multifunctional Ceramic Coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-30

    Trejo Arroyo, M.E. Contreras García, J. Muñoz-Saldaña, J. Zárate Medina. 8° Foro de Ingeniería e Investigación en Materiales. (2011). • “Influencia de...matrix). Foro de Ingeniería e Investigación en Materiales. Vol.8 (2011) 68-74. • J. Zárate Medina, Gerardo Trapaga Martinez, Juan Muñoz Saldaña

  17. Factors that Affect Sugar Sweetened Beverage Intake in Rural, Southern College Students in the US.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yeonsoo; Chau, Tak Yan; Rutledge, Julie M; Erickson, Dawn; Lim, Yunsook

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to investigate factors that affect sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in rural, southern college students in the US. The majority of the participants were male (58 %) and Caucasian (63 %). The average total SSB consumption was 79.4 fl oz/day (2.35 L/d). Results of binary logistic regression analyses of total SSB intake greater than 57.4 fl oz/day (1.8 L/d) versus less than 57.4 fl oz/day showed that factors associated with greater odds for high SSB intake were age greater than 20 years old (odds ratio [OR] = 3.551, 95 % confidence interval [CI] = 1.385 - 9.104, p = 0.008) and being African American (OR = 3.477, 95 % CI = 1.291 - 9.363, p = 0.013). Results of binary logistic regression analyses of total bottled water intake greater than 39.4 fl oz/day (median) versus less than 39.4 fl oz/day showed that consuming alcohol was significantly related to an increased probability of drinking more than 39.4 fl oz (1.17 L/d) of bottled water per day (median; OR = 2.914, 95 % CI = 1.223 - 6.943, p = 0.016). Culturally sensitive strategies are needed to raise awareness for making healthy beverage choices when dining on campus to effectively reduce college student's SSB consumption.

  18. Walmart Supercenters a Suitable Alternative to Shopping at the Commissary for Eligible Military Patrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Wavy 10 oz 3.03 2.50 -0.53 - 21.20% 1.98 -1.05 -53.03% Cashew Halves Planters 14 oz 5.54 5.98 0.44 7.36% 5.48 -0.06 -1.09% Chicken Noodle Soup ...Campbell’s 10.7 5 oz 1.34 0.80 -0.54 - 67.50% 0.64 -0.70 - 109.38% Cream of Chicken Soup Campbell’s 10.7 5 oz 0.67 0.80 0.13 16.25% 1.25 0.58...46.40% Cream of Mushroom Soup Campbell’s 10.7 5 oz 0.67 0.75 0.08 10.67% 1.25 0.58 46.40% Tomato Soup Campbell’s 10.7 5 oz 0.60 0.75 0.15 20.00

  19. Calculating Distortions of Short DNA Duplexes with Base Pairing Between an Oxidatively Damaged Guanine and a Guanine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masayo Suzuki

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available DNA is constantly being oxidized, and oxidized DNA is prone to mutation; moreover, guanine is highly sensitive to several oxidative stressors. Several oxidatively damaged forms of guanine—including 2,2,4-triamino-5(2H-oxazolone (Oz, iminoallantoin (Ia, and spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp—can be paired with guanine, and cause G:C-C:G transversions. Previous findings indicate that guanine is incorporated more efficiently opposite Oz than opposite Ia or Sp, and that these differences in efficiency cannot be explained by differences in the stabilities of G:Oz, G:Ia, and G:Sp base pairs calculated ab initio. Here, to explain previous experimental result, we used a 3-base-pair model DNA duplex to calculate the difference in the stability and the distortion of DNA containing a G:Oz, G:Ia, or G:Sp base pair. We found that the stability of the structure containing 5ꞌ and 3ꞌ base pairs adjacent to G:Oz was more stable than that containing the respective base pairs adjacent to G:Ia or G:Sp. Moreover, the distortion of the structure in the DNA model duplex that contained a G:Oz was smaller than that containing a G:Ia or G:Sp. Therefore, our discussion can explain the previous results involving translesion synthesis past an oxidatively damaged guanine.

  20. Selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 over iron-cerium-tungsten mixed oxide catalyst prepared by different methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Zhi-bo; Liu, Jing; Zhou, Fei; Liu, Dun-yu; Lu, Wei; Jin, Jing; Ding, Shi-fa

    2017-06-01

    A series of magnetic Fe0.85Ce0.10W0.05Oz catalysts were synthesized by three different methods(Co-precipitation(Fe0.85Ce0.10W0.05Oz-CP), Hydrothermal treatment assistant critic acid sol-gel method(Fe0.85Ce0.10W0.05Oz-HT) and Microwave irradiation assistant critic acid sol-gel method(Fe0.85Ce0.10W0.05Oz-MW)), and the catalytic activity was evaluated for selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3. The catalyst was characterized by XRD, N2 adsorption-desorption, XPS, H2-TPR and NH3-TPD. Among the tested catalysts, Fe0.85Ce0.10W0.05Oz-MW shows the highest NOx conversion over per gram in unit time with NOx conversion of 60.8% at 350 °C under a high gas hourly space velocity of 1,200,000 ml/(g h). Different from Fe0.85Ce0.10W0.05Oz-CP catalyst, there exists a large of iron oxide crystallite(γ-Fe2O3 and α-Fe2O3) scattered in Fe0.85Ce0.10W0.05Oz catalysts prepared through hydrothermal treatment or microwave irradiation assistant critic acid sol-gel method, and higher iron atomic concentration on their surface. And Fe0.85Ce0.10W0.05Oz-MW shows higher surface absorbed oxygen concentration and better dispersion compared with Fe0.85Ce0.10W0.05Oz-HT catalyst. These features were favorable for the high catalytic performance of NO reduction with NH3 over Fe0.85Ce0.10W0.05Oz-MW catalyst.

  1. β(2)-Adrenoreceptor blockade improves early posttrauma hyperglycemia and pulmonary injury in obese rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Lusha; Lu, Silu; Mittwede, Peter N; Clemmer, John S; Husband, Graham W; Hester, Robert L

    2014-08-15

    Early hyperglycemia after trauma increases morbidity and mortality. Insulin is widely used to control posttrauma glucose, but this treatment increases the risk of hypoglycemia. We tested a novel method for early posttrauma hyperglycemia control by suppressing hepatic glycogenolysis via β2-adrenoreceptor blockade [ICI-118551 (ICI)]. We have shown that, after severe trauma, obese Zucker (OZ) rats, similar to obese patients, exhibit increased acute lung injury compared with lean Zucker (LZ) rats. We hypothesized that OZ rats exhibit a greater increase in early posttrauma glucose compared with LZ rats, with the increased posttrauma hyperglycemia suppressed by ICI treatment. Orthopedic trauma was applied to both hindlimbs in LZ and OZ rats. Fasting plasma glucose was then monitored for 6 h with or without ICI (0.2 mg·kg(-1)·h(-1) iv.) treatment. One day after trauma, plasma IL-6 levels, lung neutrophil numbers, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and wet-to-dry weight ratios were measured. Trauma induced rapid hepatic glycogenolysis, as evidenced by decreased liver glycogen levels, and this was inhibited by ICI treatment. Compared with LZ rats, OZ rats exhibited higher posttrauma glucose, IL-6, lung neutrophil infiltration, and MPO activity. Lung wet-to-dry weight ratios were increased in OZ rats but not in LZ rats. ICI treatment reduced the early hyperglycemia, lung neutrophil retention, MPO activity, and wet-to-dry weight ratio in OZ rats to levels comparable with those seen in LZ rats, with no effect on blood pressure or heart rate. These results demonstrate that β2-adrenoreceptor blockade effectively reduces the early posttrauma hyperglycemia, which is associated with decreased lung injury in OZ rats.

  2. Numerical nonwavefront-guided algorithm for expansion or recentration of the optical zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arba Mosquera, Samuel; Verma, Shwetabh

    2014-08-01

    Complications may arise due to the decentered ablations during refractive surgery, resulting from human or mechanical errors. Decentration may cause over-/under-corrections, with patients complaining about seeing glares and halos after the procedure. Customized wavefront-guided treatments are often used to design retreatment procedures. However, due to the limitations of wavefront sensors in precisely measuring very large aberrations, some extreme cases may suffer when retreated with wavefront-guided treatments. We propose a simple and inexpensive numerical (nonwavefront-guided) algorithm to recenter the optical zone (OZ) and to correct the refractive error with minimal tissue removal. Due to its tissue-saving capabilities, this method can benefit patients with critical residual corneal thickness. Based on the reconstruction of ablation achieved in the first surgical procedure, we calculate a target ablation (by manipulating the achieved OZ) with adequate centration and an OZ sufficient enough to envelope the achieved ablation. The net ablation map for the retreatment procedure is calculated from the achieved and target ablations and is suitable to expand, recenter, and modulate the lower-order refractive components in a retreatment procedure. The results of our simulations suggest minimal tissue removal with OZ centration and expansion. Enlarging the OZ implies correcting spherical aberrations, whereas inducing centration implies correcting coma. This method shows the potential to improve visual outcomes in extreme cases of retreatment, possibly serving as an uncomplicated and inexpensive alternative to wavefront-guided retreatments.

  3. Increased toxicity of malathion diluted with heavy aromatic naphtha on adult Aedes taeniorhynchus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunner, B L; Boobar, L R; Vorgetts, L J; Broski, F H

    1987-03-01

    Field tests of ground ULV application of Cythion diluted with heavy aromatic naphtha (HAN), 1:4 ratio, at 0.45 oz AI/acre resulted in a 96% and 49% mortality of caged adult Aedes taeniorhynchus located 150 and 300 ft downwind. Cythion, 0.45 oz AI/acre produced a 33% mortality at 150 ft and a 21% mortality at 300 ft. This compares with an 8% mortality at 150 ft on a plot treated with HAN only (0.45 oz/acre), and a 6% mortality in an untreated area. The study was repeated on four successive nights, reversing test plots, and the data pooled. Statistical analysis shows that the toxicity of the active ingredient, malathion, is significantly increased with the addition of the diluent, HAN.

  4. Altered DNA methylation patterns of the H19 differentially methylated region and the DAZL gene promoter are associated with defective human sperm.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Li

    Full Text Available DNA methylation disturbance is associated with defective human sperm. However, oligozoospermia (OZ and asthenozoospermia (AZ usually present together, and the relationship between the single-phenotype defects in human sperm and DNA methylation is poorly understood. In this study, 20 infertile OZ patients and 20 infertile AZ patients were compared with 20 fertile normozoospermic men. Bisulfate-specific PCR was used to analyze DNA methylation of the H19-DMR and the DAZL promoter in these subjects. A similar DNA methylation pattern of the H19-DMR was detected in AZ and NZ(control, with only complete methylation and mild hypomethylation(0.05. However, the methylation pattern of severe hypomethylation (>50% unmethylated CpGs and complete unmethylation was only detected in 5 OZ patients, and the occurrence of these two methylation patterns was 8.54±10.86% and 9±6.06%, respectively. Loss of DNA methylation of the H19-DMR in the OZ patients was found to mainly occur in CTCF-binding site 6, with occurrence of 18.15±14.71%, which was much higher than that in patients with NZ (0.84±2.05% and AZ (0.58±1.77% (P20% methylated clones in the DAZL promoter only in infertile patients, there was no significant difference between the AZ and OZ patients in the proportion of moderately-to-severely hypermethylated clones (p>0.05. In all cases, global sperm genome methylation analyses, using LINE1 transposon as the indicator, showed that dysregulation of DNA methylation is specifically associated with the H19-DMR and DAZL promoter. Therefore, abnormal DNA methylation status of H19-DMR, especially at the CTCF-binding site 6, is closely associated with OZ. Abnormal DNA methylation of the DAZL promoter might represent an epigenetic marker of male infertility.

  5. Whole-grain intake in middle school students achieves dietary guidelines for Americans and MyPlate recommendations when provided as commercially available foods: a randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radford, Allyson; Langkamp-Henken, Bobbi; Hughes, Christine; Christman, Mary C; Jonnalagadda, Satya; Boileau, Thomas W; Thielecke, Frank; Dahl, Wendy J

    2014-09-01

    In accordance with the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, at least half of total grain intake should be whole grains. Adolescents are currently not consuming the recommended daily intake of whole grains. Research is needed to determine whether whole grains are acceptable to adolescents and whether changing their food environment to include whole-grain foods will improve intake. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of providing refined-grain or whole-grain foods to adolescents, with encouragement to eat three different grain-based foods per day, on total grain and whole-grain intakes. Middle school students (n=83; aged 11 to 15 years) were randomly assigned to either refined-grain or whole-grain foods for 6 weeks. Participants and their families were provided with weekly grains (eg, bread, pasta, and cereals), and participants were provided grain snacks at school. Intake of grains in ounce equivalents (oz eq) was determined through eight baseline and intervention targeted 24-hour diet recalls. Participants consumed 1.1±1.3 oz eq (mean±standard deviation) of whole grains at baseline, out of 5.3±2.4 oz eq of total grains. During intervention, whole-grain intake increased in the whole-grain group (0.9±1.0 to 3.9±1.8 oz eq/day), whereas those in the refined-grain group reduced whole-grain intake (1.3±1.6 to 0.3±0.3 oz eq/day; Pgrain intake achieved was 6.4±2.1 oz eq/day and did not differ across intervention groups. Providing adolescents with whole-grain foods in their school and home environments was an effective means of achieving recommendations.

  6. CHANCHELULLA ROADLESS AREA, CALIFORNIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huber, Donald F.; Stebbins, Scott A.

    1984-01-01

    On the basis of a mineral survey there seems to be little likelihood for the occurrence of mineral resources in the Chanchelulla Roadless Area, California, except for a demonstrated resource of about 7200 tons containing 0. 084 oz gold/ton, 0. 84 oz silver/ton, and accessory copper at the Chanchelulla prospect. This prospect is located on a northwest-trending quartz vein. Limestone and small amounts of magnetite occur in the area but on the basis of available data no resources are identified. No potential for energy resources was identified.

  7. Corridor of existence of thermodynamically consistent solution of the Ornstein-Zernike equation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vorob'ev, V S; Martynov, G A

    2007-07-14

    We obtain the exact equation for a correction to the Ornstein-Zernike (OZ) equation based on the assumption of the uniqueness of thermodynamical functions. We show that this equation is reduced to a differential equation with one arbitrary parameter for the hard sphere model. The compressibility factor within narrow limits of this parameter variation can either coincide with one of the formulas obtained on the basis of analytical solutions of the OZ equation or assume all intermediate values lying in a corridor between these solutions. In particular, we find the value of this parameter when the thermodynamically consistent compressibility factor corresponds to the Carnahan-Stirling formula.

  8. Analytical Prediction of Motor Component Vibrations Driven by Acoustic Combustion Instability

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-02-01

    34 i" ’ C 0 tD L\\ u U:u01 -’I C)-OzUU0 C.0UC-I.)4CJ 0CC0 0 0~ 0 : 4L4 1- OZ-ONM An11 0(- II, .II IhIOIICIOiIII NM4IIIII ICO 0C) us ~ Y.I-A 8-32 D...Modes for Symmetry Boundary Conditions. 1-26 f10 =206 HZ f 9 = 189 HZ f 8 164 HZj f7 161] HZ f = 140. HZ f 5 = 125. HZ -=f4 =97.4 HZ f3 =79.7 HZ LI f2

  9. Environmental Impact Statement for Proposed Closure of Los Angeles Air Force Base, California and Relocation of Space Systems Division

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-01

    cu ft Acetylene No. 4 6,000 cu ft Anyhydrous Ammonia No. 5 25 gal Ammonium Hydroxide No. 6 100 gal Ethylene Glycol Antifreeze No. 7 200 gal Asphalt ...Adhesive No. 8 300 gal Asphalt Emulsion No. 9 1,000 gal Assorted Paints No. 10 200 cans Spray Paint - 14 oz each No. 11 100 cyls Propane - 14 oz...Compressor Lube Oil No. 16 100 gal ENTEC 327 - (loprophyl, Ethyl Aichols) No. 17 125 gal ENTEC 349 - (Dodecylguanideine HC ! ,lsoOHMethyl (bis) Isocyanate

  10. Installation Restoration Program. Phase 2. Confirmation/Quantification Stage 2, Moody Air Force Base, Georgia. Appendices. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-11-01

    Time~ (d) NOWs NO. X X >X x 2 oz. plastic DOJC Filter, HS04 40 C 26 ______ K x x x I pt. glass COD ItSJ 4 , 4*C 2B ____ ____ x* x x? 40 ml.vialsC(4) V 4...s) No. x X X x 2 oz. plastic DCC Filter, H’-S0 4 4oC 26 X X X x I pt. glass 01 HS04 , 4"C 2b X- X xt 40 ml. vials (4) 4"C 14 X X X 2 qt. plastic

  11. Development and evaluation of olanzapine-loaded PLGA nanoparticles for nose-to-brain delivery: in vitro and in vivo studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seju, U; Kumar, A; Sawant, K K

    2011-12-01

    Olanzapine (OZ) is a second-generation or atypical antipsychotic which selectively binds to central dopamine D₂ and serotonin (5-HT(2c)) receptors. It has poor bioavailability due to hepatic first-pass metabolism and low permeability into the brain due to efflux by P-glycoproteins. The present investigation aimed to prepare a nanoparticulate drug delivery system of OZ using poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) for direct nose-to-brain delivery to provide brain targeting and sustained release. PLGA nanoparticles (NP) were prepared by the nanoprecipitation technique and characterized by entrapment efficiency, particle size, zeta potential, modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry (MTDSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. The NP were evaluated for in vitro release, ex vivo diffusion, toxicity and pharmacokinetic studies. The NP were 91.2±5.2 nm in diameter and had entrapment efficiency 68.91±2.31%. MTDSC studies indicated broadening of the drug peak and a shift in the polymer peak, possibly due to physical interaction or H-bonding between the carbonyl groups of PLGA and the NH groups of OZ, and also due to the plasticization effect of OZ on PLGA. XRD studies indicated a decrease in the crystallinity of OZ or amorphization. In vitro drug release showed a biphasic pattern with initial burst release and, later, sustained release (43.26±0.156% after 120 h), following the Fickian diffusion-based release mechanism. Ex vivo diffusion through sheep nasal mucosa showed 13.21±1.59% of drug diffusion in 210 min from NP. Histopathological study of sheep nasal mucosa showed no significant adverse effect of OZ-loaded NP. In vivo pharmacokinetic studies showed 6.35 and 10.86 times higher uptake of intranasally delivered NP than OZ solution delivered through intravenous (IV) and intranasal (IN) route, respectively. These results proved that OZ could be transported directly to the brain after IN delivery of PLGA NP, enhanced drug concentration in the brain and

  12. Ozone-induced dissociation on a traveling wave high-resolution mass spectrometer for determination of double-bond position in lipids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vu, Ngoc; Brown, Jeffery; Giles, Kevin; Zhang, Qibin

    2017-09-15

    The position of C=C within fatty acyl chains affects the biological function of lipids. Ozone-induced dissociation mass spectrometry (OzID-MS) has great potential in determination of lipid double-bond position, but has generally been implemented on low-resolution ion trap mass spectrometers. In addition, most of the OzID-MS experiments carried out so far were focused on the sodiated adducts of lipids; fragmentation of the most commonly observed protonated ions generated in LC/MS-based lipidomics workflow has been less explored. Ozone generated in line from an ozone generator was connected to the trap and transfer gas supply line of a Synapt G2 high-resolution mass spectrometer. Protonated ions of different phosphatidylcholines (PC) were generated by electrospray ionization through direct infusion. Different parameters, including traveling wave height and velocity, trap entrance and DC potential, were adjusted to maximize the OzID efficiency. sn-positional isomers and cis/trans isomers of lipids were compared for their reactivity with ozone. Traveling wave height and velocity were tuned to prolong the encounter time between lipid ions and ozone, and resulted in improved OzID efficiency, as did increasing trapping region DC and entrance potential. Under optimized settings, at least 1000 times enhancement in OzID efficiency was achieved compared to that under default settings for monounsaturated PC standards. Monounsaturated C=C in the sn-2 PC isomer reacted faster with ozone than the sn-1 isomer. Similarly, the C=C in trans PC reacted faster than in cis PC. This is the first implementation of OzID in the trap and transfer region of a traveling wave enabled high-resolution mass spectrometer. The OzID reaction efficiency is significantly improved by slowing down ions in the trap region for their prolonged interaction with ozone. This will facilitate application of high-resolution OzID-MS in lipidomics. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  13. Body Odor (For Young Women)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you feel weak and tired, and affect your performance. Water is the best fluid to drink to stay hydrated however if you are very ... well hydrated before you begin to use up energy. This amount will vary depending on ... of fluid. During exercise: Drink about 4-6 oz. of water every 15 ...

  14. 77 FR 40587 - Caribbean Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    .... ADDRESSES: The meeting will be held at the Doubletree by Hilton San Juan Hotel, 105 De Diego Avenue, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00911. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Caribbean Fishery Management Council, 268 Mu oz Rivera Avenue, Suite 1108, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00918-1920, telephone: (787)...

  15. 78 FR 36748 - Caribbean Fishery Management Council; Scoping Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-19

    ..., Puerto Rico. July 9, 2013-7 p.m.--DoubleTree by Hilton San Juan Hotel, De Diego Avenue, San Juan, Puerto... Rivera Avenue, Suite 401, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00918- 1903, telephone (787) 766-5926. SUPPLEMENTARY... Mu oz Rivera Avenue, Suite 401, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 00918-1903, telephone (787) 766-5926, at...

  16. Extraverted Children Are More Biased by Bowl Sizes than Introverts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ittersum, Koert; Wansink, Brian

    2013-01-01

    Extraverted children are hypothesized to be most at risk for over-serving and overeating due to environmental cues - such as the size of dinnerware. A within-subject field study of elementary school students found that extraverted children served themselves 33.1% more cereal in larger bowls (16-oz)

  17. 21 CFR 101.65 - Implied nutrient content claims and related label statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... no preservatives,” “no artificial colors;” (3) A claim about the presence of an ingredient that is... apple,” “Contains the same amount of Vitamin C as an 8 oz glass of orange juice.”). (3) Claims may be..., iron, protein or fiber 1 May include ingredients whose addition does not change the nutrient profile...

  18. Using the Force: "Star Wars" in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chartier, Timothy P.

    2007-01-01

    When the character Yoda first appeared on the silver screen, his movements were due to the efforts of famed muppeteer Frank Oz. In "Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones," Yoda returned to the movies but this time the character was not a puppet but a digital image within a computer. This paper discusses the role, or, more aptly, the force, of…

  19. Appetite suppression through smelling of dark chocolate correlates with changes in ghrelin in young women

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Massolt, Elske T.; van Haard, Paul M.; Rehfeld, Jens F.; Posthuma, Eduardus F.; van der Veer, Eveline; Schweitzer, Dave H.

    2010-01-01

    Cephalic effects on appetite are mediated by vagal tone and altered gastrointestinal hormones. The objective of this study is to explore the relationship between appetite and levels of gastrointestinal hormones after smelling chocolate and after melt-and-swallow 30 g chocolate (1.059 oz, 85% cocoa,

  20. The Development of Laminated Armor

    Science.gov (United States)

    1948-09-27

    band saw, By using a piece of soft wood under the laminate while it was being cut, fraying of the edge was reduced to a minimum, especially in paneJs of...c. ’ LEGEND L LUMITE (SARAN) * ALL LAMINATE Rf RAYON (FQRTISAN) 20-30 OZ/FT 0-- Rc RAYON (CELANESE) ... 20-30...... X× GwLOss GLASS FLOSS Ir

  1. Pressure and velocity dependence of flow-type cavitation erosion

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Auret, JG

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available of underpressure expands for the higher velocity vOz. Thus cavitation bubbles leave this region farther downstream and the erosion zone shifts down- stream. At the same time, cavitation damage will in- crease because of the larger...

  2. Historien er ikke slut

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thurah, Thomas

    , Seamus Heaney, Stefan Heym, Peer Hultberg, Per Højholt, Imre Kertész, Jan Kjærstad, Ivan Klíma, Jaan Kross, Siegfried Lenz, Claudio Magris, Antonio Muñoz Molina, Cees Nooteboom, Ljudmila Petrusjevskaja, Christoph Ransmayr, Klaus Rifbjerg, Salman Rushdie, José Saramago, Peter Seeberg, Tage Skou...

  3. Review of the book by Diego Silva Forné: Drogas y Derecho Penal en el Uruguay: tolerancia, prohibición, regulación. Evolución del derecho uruguayo, su doctrina y jurisprudencia. Análisis de la Ley de Regulación y Control del Mercado de la Marihuana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Malet Vázquez

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This study is the doctoral thesis under the direction of Prof. Dr. Maria Acale, Diego Silva defended earlier this year at the University of Cadiz in front of Spanish professors of the stature of Juan Terradillos, Juan Muñoz Sánchez and Juan Carlos Ferré Olivé, obtaining the qualification Summa cum laude, unanimously.

  4. Seasonal changes in the denitrification regime of the Arabian Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Naqvi, S.W.A.; Noronha, R.J.; Somasundar, K.; SenGupta, R.

    ' \\]! !,~o.2 c:_ -~---oz ...... i004.+ ~ i : . C .... ~32:) • . . • . 0 300 .i~.~. ' "7- -- ~--~--- ..\\ t ,aO0 "\\~ " //' "-- Fig. IlL Vertical sections of nitrite O~mol dm -~) as in Fig. 8. Fig. I 1. 6 4 3 --~ II3N-|ISN ' I S-IlO - i 32 Z I 0...

  5. Genetics Home Reference: primary ciliary dyskinesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Med Genet. 2009 Apr;46(4):281-6. doi: 10.1136/jmg.2008.061176. Citation on PubMed Failly M, Saitta A, Muñoz A, Falconnet E, Rossier C, Santamaria F, de Santi MM, Lazor R, ... doi: 10.1159/000128567. Epub 2008 Apr 23. Citation ...

  6. Nutrition and Healthy Eating: Caffeine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 237) 0 Energy drinks Size in oz. (mL) Caffeine (mg) Energy drink 8 (237) 27-164 Energy shot 1 (30) 40-100 References Fulgoni VL, et al. Trends in intake and sources of caffeine in the diets of US adults: 2001-2010. ...

  7. Designing Solutions using Response Surface Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COMAN Ovidiu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In the present study a design of experiments method was used to obtain the most suitable responses. The variables that occur in the optimization are the movement of a dielectric material on Oy and Oz axis of a waveguide and the microwave power. The responses refer to the thermal field distribution, the reflected power, dielectric's temperature and the absorbed power.

  8. Grammatik neu gedacht: Innovatives didaktisches Konzept für die deutschen Modalverben

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katsiaryna EL-Bouz (geb. Kanaplianik

    2016-10-01

    Suñer Muñoz, Ferran (2015, Metaphern und Grammatikvermittlung am Beispiel der Passivkonstruktion. In: Sohrabi, Parvaneh & Hoffmann, Sabine (Hrsg., Beiträge aus der XV. internationalen Deutschlehrertagung, Bozen 2013. Bozen: Bozen University Press, 137-153.

  9. Building Collections. Fantasy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krapp, JoAnn Vergona

    2005-01-01

    When Dorothy arrives in Oz, the readers follow her into a land replete with little people, enchanted animals, evil witches, good witches, and eccentric characters. Such is the stuff of fantasy. Readers step outside their reality into a realm where imagination and suspension of disbelief allow anything to happen?and it often does. Yet, within the…

  10. Kolmekordne kupar / Rein Saluri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saluri, Rein

    1998-01-01

    Arvustus: Kristof, Agota. Kaustik; Katsumus; Kolmas vale / prantsuse k. tlk. Urmas Rattus. Tallinn : Varrak, 1997. (Moodne klassika); Oz, Amos. Ära ütle, et öö / heebrea k. tlk. Kalle Kasemaa. Tallinn : Kupar, 1998; Weldon, Fay. Kuu Minneapolise kohal / inglise k. tlk. Faina Laksberg. Tallinn : Kupar, 1997

  11. Facts about Vitamin D

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Gorse/iStock/Thinkstock.com Food Eggs, sardines, and salmon contain vitamin D. Most fluid milk and some brands of ... 2. Typical Vitamin D Content in Food Food Vitamin D in IU (mcg) Salmon, cooked, 3 oz. 320 (8) Sardines, canned in ...

  12. Development of a New Army Standardized Physical Readiness Test: January 2012 through December 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-30

    body at equilibrium (stable posture ) in a fixed position (when static and when moving) 1 Does not address Body Composition 2 Aerobic capacity...0.50 Assault Pack w/ waist pack 4.2 Rigger Belt 0.50 Water – 3L or 100 oz 7.10 Patches 0.49 Hygiene Kit 1.0 Patrol Cap 0.48

  13. 40 CFR Appendix A to Subpart Wwww... - Test Method for Determining Vapor Suppressant Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... suppliers. 14 Chopped Strand Mat—1.5 oz/ft 2 Sources: Owens Corning Fiberglas—Fiberglas M-723; PPG... names or specific products or suppliers does not constitute an endorsement by the Environmental... other suppliers. 3 Stop Watch—Local supply. 4 Thermometer—Mercury thermometer—ASTM No. 21C or equivalent...

  14. Path-integral and Ornstein-Zernike computations of quantum fluid structures under strong fluctuations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis M. Sesé

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This work deals with the computation of the structure factors of quantum fluids under complex conditions involving substantial density fluctuations and/or large particle delocalization effects. The method is based on the combination of path-integral Monte Carlo (PIMC simulations and the pair Ornstein-Zernike framework (OZ2. PIMC provides the radial correlation functions (centroid, instantaneous, and thermalized-continuous total linear response, which are used as data input to the OZ2 calculations that lead to their associated structure factors. To undertake this project normal liquid 4He and supercritical 3He are selected, studying conditions in the range (T = 4.2 K; 0.01886 <ρN/Å-3 < 0.02687. Full inter-comparison between the structure factors determined via both OZ2 and direct PIMC calculations is made. In addition, comparison with experimental data, including thermodynamic properties, is made wherever possible. The results establish that, even under severe thermodynamic and/or quantum fluctuation conditions, OZ2 remains in the quantum domain as a highly reliable and cost-effective framework to determine accurate structure factors, also allowing one to understand the related isotopic shifts in fluid He.

  15. Development of rapid continuous dyeing process for heavy-weight nylon 6,6 carpet

    Science.gov (United States)

    An improved continuous dyeing process for coloration of heavy-weight (60-70 oz/yd2), residential nylon 6,6 carpet is reported. By inserting a slot steam applicator after the dye pad and before the box steamer to preheat the carpet to around 180°F (greater than the nylon wet glass transition temperat...

  16. Can Universities Encourage Students' Continued Motivation for Knowledge Sharing and How Can This Help Organizations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoemaker, Nikki

    2014-01-01

    Both practitioners and researchers recognize the increasing importance of knowledge sharing in organizations (Bock, Zmud, Kim, & Lee, 2005; Vera-Muñoz, Ho, & Chow, 2006). Knowledge sharing influences a firm's knowledge creation, organizational learning, performance achievement, growth, and competitive advantage (Bartol &…

  17. Detection of Ti02 nanoparticles using flow cytometry and optimized darkfield microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evaluation of the potential hazard of man made nanomaterials has been hampered by a limited ability to observe and measure nanoparticles in cells. In the present study, TiOz nanoparticles (rutile, 30-40 nm) were suspended in DMEM/F12 with 10% fetal bovine serum, sonicated, and ch...

  18. The Weckud Wetch of the Wast: Lexical Adaptation to a Novel Accent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maye, Jessica; Aslin, Richard N.; Tanenhaus, Michael K.

    2008-01-01

    Two experiments investigated the mechanism by which listeners adjust their interpretation of accented speech that is similar to a regional dialect of American English. Only a subset of the vowels of English (the front vowels) were shifted during adaptation, which consisted of listening to a 20-min segment of the "Wizard of Oz." Compared…

  19. A Generic Inertial Navigation System Model for Computer Simulation Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-01

    INS origin. The positive OX-axis is aligned with the aircraft longitudinal axis and the positive Oz-axis is upward. The coordinates of any point are...acceleration Consider the application of a step of magnitude a in acceleration along the aircraft longitudinal axis for a duration d seconds from time t1 to

  20. Selecting Measures to Evaluate Complex Sociotechnical Systems: An Empirical Comparison of a Task-based and Constraint-based Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Scotland . Benda, P. J. & Sanderson, P. M. (1998). Towards a dynamic model of adaptation to technological change. Proceedings of OzCHI98, Adelaide...Bisantz, A. M., Roth , E., Brickman, B., Gosbee, L., Hettinger, L. & McKinney, J. (2003). Integrating cognitive analyses in large-scale system design

  1. PREHOD IZ SIX SIGMA V LEAN SIX SIGMA

    OpenAIRE

    Veršič, Matjaž

    2010-01-01

    Spoznanje podjetij, da ne morejo prodati vsega, kar proizvedejo, je s sabo prineslo zavedanje o pomenu kakovosti. Danes podjetja brez zagotavljanja kakovosti ne morejo obstati. Kakovost morajo opredeliti kot tisto, ki jo s svojimi željami opredelijo kupci oz. v ospredje je stopil glas kupca. Kupec je tisti, ki odloča, kaj je kvalitetno in kaj ni

  2. The intrauterine treatment of the retained foetal membrane in dairy goats by ozone: novel alternative to antibiotic therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djuricic, D; Valpotic, H; Samardzija, M

    2015-04-01

    One of the major post-parturient complications in dairy goats is the retention of foetal membrane (RFM), which negatively influences their health, reproductive efficacy and welfare. The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of intrauterine either ozone (OZ) or antibiotic (AB) treatments to establish the use of OZ as a novel and potential alternative to AB therapy in does with the RFM. The study was performed on 7 herds of dairy goats (n = 563) kept in the farms in Croatia. The conception rate was 563 of 641 total matings or 87.83%. The does from selected farms were observed during early puerperium and were divided into animals without the RFM (n = 522) and with the RFM (n = 41), treated either with foam spray OZ (n = 21) or with foaming AB oxytetracycline tablets (n = 20). The does with the RFM were mated successfully and became pregnant next kidding season, regardless of the treatment applied. Treatment with OZ attained similar results to the standard AB therapy, indicating that it could be novel potential alternative therapy of the RFM in dairy goats.

  3. Kinetically blocked stable heptazethrene and octazethrene: Closed-shell or open-shell in the ground state?

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Yuan

    2012-09-12

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with an open-shell singlet biradical ground state are of fundamental interest and have potential applications in materials science. However, the inherent high reactivity makes their synthesis and characterization very challenging. In this work, a convenient synthetic route was developed to synthesize two kinetically blocked heptazethrene (HZ-TIPS) and octazethrene (OZ-TIPS) compounds with good stability. Their ground-state electronic structures were systematically investigated by a combination of different experimental methods, including steady-state and transient absorption spectroscopy, variable temperature NMR, electron spin resonance (ESR), superconducting quantum interfering device (SQUID), FT Raman, and X-ray crystallographic analysis, assisted by unrestricted symmetry-broken density functional theory (DFT) calculations. All these demonstrated that the heptazethrene derivative HZ-TIPS has a closed-shell ground state while its octazethrene analogue OZ-TIPS with a smaller energy gap exists as an open-shell singlet biradical with a large measured biradical character (y = 0.56). Large two-photon absorption (TPA) cross sections (σ(2)) were determined for HZ-TIPS (σ(2)max = 920 GM at 1250 nm) and OZ-TIPS (σ(2)max = 1200 GM at 1250 nm). In addition, HZ-TIPS and OZ-TIPS show a closely stacked 1D polymer chain in single crystals. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

  4. Computational Chemistry Laboratory: Calculating the Energy Content of Food Applied to a Real-Life Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbiric, Dora; Tribe, Lorena; Soriano, Rosario

    2015-01-01

    In this laboratory, students calculated the nutritional value of common foods to assess the energy content needed to answer an everyday life application; for example, how many kilometers can an average person run with the energy provided by 100 g (3.5 oz) of beef? The optimized geometries and the formation enthalpies of the nutritional components…

  5. Fuero de Cuenca : fragmento conquense

    OpenAIRE

    Perez-Prendes y Muñoz de Arraco, J. M.

    1990-01-01

    Contiene: De nuevo sobre el Fuero de Cuenca / José Manuel Pérez -Prendes y Muñoz de Arraco. Fuero de Cuenca : fragmento conquense, [transcripción]. Fuero de Cuenca : fragmento conquense (facsímil) Copia digital. Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura. Subdirección General de Coordinación Bibliotecaria, 2011

  6. Assessing the effects of building social intelligence in a robotic interface for the home

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruyter, B.E.R. de; Saini, P.; Markopoulos, P.; Breemen, A. van

    2005-01-01

    This paper reports an exploration of the concept of social intelligence in the context of designing home dialogue systems for an Ambient Intelligence home. It describes a Wizard of Oz experiment involving a robotic interface capable of simulating several human social behaviours. Our results show tha

  7. Multiperspectivism in the Novels of the Spanish Civil War

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Hans Lauge

    2011-01-01

    stereotyp-opfattelsen af borgerkrigen som en konfrontation mellem det Gode og det Onde. De fire romaner er Javier Cercas' Soldados de Salamina (2001), Alberto Méndez' Los girasoles ciegos (2004), Antonio Muñoz Molina's La noche de los tiempos (2009) og Isaac Rosas Otra maldita novela sobre la guerra civil...

  8. Organelles genome stability of wheat plantlets produced by anther ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yomi

    2012-03-15

    Mar 15, 2012 ... detected between doubled haploid plantlets and parental plants at the level of ctDNA and mtDNA organization. ... 2009). In breeding programmes of wheat cultivars, in vitro ... employed in releasing several barley cultivars (Muñoz- ..... Cuthbert JL, Somers DJ, Brûlé-Babel AL, Brown PD, Crow GH (2008).

  9. Arquitectura y poder público : el posmodernismo y el proyecto neoliberal en Aguascalientes /

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade Muñoz, Jesús Martín sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Arquitectura, presenta Jesús Martín Andrade Muñoz ; asesor Carlos González Lobo. 354 páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Arquitectura UNAM, Facultad de Arquitectura, 2009

  10. Clear-sky atmospheric radiative transfer : a model intercomparison for shortwave irradiances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, P.; Knap, W.H.; Kuipers Munneke, P.; Stammes, P.

    2008-01-01

    This study consists of an intercomparison of clear-sky shortwave irradiances calculated by the Doubling Adding model of KNMI (DAK) and the Simple Model of the Atmospheric Radiative Transfer of Sunshine (SMARTS). The DAK and SMARTS models are run with identical input (state profiles, water vapour, oz

  11. Matrix Embedded Organic Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamakolanu, U. G.; Freund, F. T.

    2016-05-01

    In the matrix of minerals such as olivine, a redox reaction of the low-z elements occurs. Oxygen is oxidized to the peroxy state while the low-Z-elements become chemically reduced. We assign them a formula [CxHyOzNiSj]n- and call them proto-organics.

  12. Appetite suppression through smelling of dark chocolate correlates with changes in ghrelin in young women

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Massolt, Elske T.; van Haard, Paul M.; Rehfeld, Jens F.; Posthuma, Eduardus F.; van der Veer, Eveline; Schweitzer, Dave H.

    2010-01-01

    Cephalic effects on appetite are mediated by vagal tone and altered gastrointestinal hormones. The objective of this study is to explore the relationship between appetite and levels of gastrointestinal hormones after smelling chocolate and after melt-and-swallow 30 g chocolate (1.059 oz, 85% cocoa,

  13. Las transformaciones en la estructura territorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Augusto Gamboa M.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Impactos territoriales en la transición de la Colonia a la República en la Nueva Granada. Lucía Duque Muñoz et al. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias, Bogotá, 2013, 202 págs., il.

  14. El Académico Alfredo Naranjo Villegas (1916-2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraím Otero Ruiz

    2006-06-01

    Es doloroso que en dos décadas hayan desaparecido los grandes de nuestra Historia de la Medicina como Bonilla Naar, Soriano Lleras, Andrade Valderrama, Muñoz Delgado y ahora Naranjo Villegas. La historia misma, con el tiempo, se encargará de colocarlos en el verdadero sitial que merecen. Paz en su tumba...

  15. Student-Faculty Evaluation: What Place in Academe?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    Studies in Higher Education , v. 70,pp. o1-o4, 195U. 17. Zelby, L. W., "Student-Faculty Evaluation," Science, v. 183, 1267-1270, 29 March 1974. 18... Studies in Higher Education , v. 70, pp. OZ-64910. Ehret, H. C. and Henson, J. N., An Analysis of Student Perceptions Concerning Instructor Ettectiveness

  16. Reseñas

    OpenAIRE

    Esteban Piñeiro, Mariano

    2000-01-01

    Víctor NAVARRO BROTONS ; Enrique RODRÍGUEZ GALDEANO, Matemáticas, cosmología y humanismo en la España del siglo XVI. Los «comentarios al segundo libro de la historia natural de Plinio» de Jerónimo Muñoz

  17. The Myth of the Critical Period

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strid, John Evar

    2017-01-01

    In language conferences, student papers, some linguistics textbooks, and wider culture, the critical period hypothesis is presented as factual despite still being fiercely debated in academic literature. The widespread popular acceptance of the hypothesis contrasts with a sharp debate and criticism of it in academic literature (Muñoz &…

  18. Computational Chemistry Laboratory: Calculating the Energy Content of Food Applied to a Real-Life Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbiric, Dora; Tribe, Lorena; Soriano, Rosario

    2015-01-01

    In this laboratory, students calculated the nutritional value of common foods to assess the energy content needed to answer an everyday life application; for example, how many kilometers can an average person run with the energy provided by 100 g (3.5 oz) of beef? The optimized geometries and the formation enthalpies of the nutritional components…

  19. Leadex Data Report. Part 1. Weather Analysis and Satellite Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-01

    ANALYSIS AND FORECAST PRODUCTS 111120OZ Analyses and Forecasts (MR- dato ) A trough is shown extending across the central Beaufort at analysis time. Weather...DISTRIBUTION . DR STEPHEN BURK SAIC 2 NRL CODE 7541 550 CAMINO EL ESTERO MONTEREY CA 93913-5006 MONTEREY CA 93940 DR KENNETH DAVIDSON DR ROBERT SCHUCHMAN

  20. Ironless-armature brushless motor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, R. L.

    1977-01-01

    Device uses 12-pole samarium cobalt permanent-magnet rotor and three Hall-effect sensors for commutation. In prototype motor, torque constant (3-phase delta) is 65 oz-in/amp; electrical time constant (L/R) is 0.2 x 0.001 sec, and armature resistance is 20 ohms.

  1. CONTINUOUS-MODE PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION OF CHLORINATED PHENOLS AND PESTICIDES IN WATER USING A BENCH-SCALE TIO2 ROTATING DISK REACTOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Photocatalytic degradation of phenol, chlorinated phenols, and lindane was evaluated in a continuous flow TiOz rotating disk photocatalytic reactor (RDPR). The RDPR operated at a hydraulic residence time of 0.25 day and at a disk angular velocity of 12 rpm. At low molar feed conc...

  2. Ft. Collins Sugar Beet Germplasm Evaluated for Resistance to Rhizomania and Storability in Idaho, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugar beet germplasm and commercial check cultivars were evaluated in a sprinkler-irrigated sugar beet field near Kimberly, ID where sugar beet was grown in 2009. The field trial relied on natural inoculum for rhizomania development. The seed was treated with clothianidin (2.1 oz a.i. per 100,000 ...

  3. Microwave Heating of TV-Dinner Type Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modified from an inverter-based microwave oven, a new microwave system was developed to pasteurize mechanically tenderized beef, inoculated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 and placed into a 12 oz CPET tray containing de-ionized water. The system allowed the sample surface temperature to first increas...

  4. Affect Trumps Age: A Person-in-Context Relational View of Age and Motivation in SLA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfenninger, Simone E.; Singleton, David

    2016-01-01

    Recent findings (see, for example, Muñoz and Singleton, 2011) indicate that age of onset is not a strong determinant of instructed foreign language (FL) learners' achievement and that age is intricately connected with social and psychological factors shaping the learner's overall FL experience. The present study, accordingly, takes a…

  5. Evaluating user preferences for video transfer methods from a mobile device to a TV screen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fleury, Alexandre; Pedersen, Jakob Schou; Larsen, Lars Bo

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on the evaluation of four methods for transferring video content from a mobile device to a fixed television. The methods have been investigated in a Wizard-of-Oz approach through two consecutive studies. The first experiment aimed at collecting general opinions toward such a ...

  6. Balanced Can

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakerin, Said

    2013-01-01

    The ordinary 12-oz beverage cans in the figures below are not held up with any props or glue. The bottom of such cans is stepped at its circumference for better stacking. When this kind of can is tilted, as shown in Fig. 1, the outside corners of the step touch the surface beneath, providing an effective contact about 1 cm wide. Because the…

  7. Real Academia Española y Consejo General del Poder Judicial. «Diccionario del español jurídico»

    OpenAIRE

    Mestres i Serra, Josep; Campamà Mormeneo, Laia

    2016-01-01

    Recensió bibliogràfica de Real Academia Española i Consejo General del Poder Judicial. Diccionario del español jurídico. Direcció de Santiago Muñoz. Barcelona: Espasa, 2016. LV + 1.669 p.ISBN: 978-84-670-4730-1.

  8. Snacks for adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... yogurt, 8 oz.(224 grams) Toasted whole-what English muffin with jelly Air popped popcorn, 3 cups (33 grams) Cherry or grape tomatoes, ½ cup (120 grams) Hummus, ½ cups (120 grams) Pumpkin seeds in shell, ½ cup (18 grams) Other Tips to Keep in Mind Put snacks in small plastic containers or bags ...

  9. Indications of vigor loss after fire in Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea) from electrical resistance measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    T.E. Paysen; A.L. Koonce; E. Taylor; M.O. Rodriquez

    2006-01-01

    In May 1993, electrical resistance measurements were performed on trees in burned and unburned stands of Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea Mor.) in north-eastern Nicaragua to determine whether tree vigor was affected by fire. An Osmose model OZ-67 Shigometer with digital readout was used to collect the sample electrical resistance data. Computer-...

  10. Evaluating user preferences for video transfer methods from a mobile device to a TV screen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fleury, Alexandre; Pedersen, Jakob Schou; Larsen, Lars Bo

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on the evaluation of four methods for transferring video content from a mobile device to a fixed television. The methods have been investigated in a Wizard-of-Oz approach through two consecutive studies. The first experiment aimed at collecting general opinions toward such a ...

  11. Sensitivity of soybean plant introductions to the foliar fungicide tebuconazole (Folicur)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nearly 100 plant introductions, ranging in maturity from 0 to IX and representing over 90% of the current commercial germplasm, were planted in 2 replications of 1 row plots 2.4 m long. Tebuconazole was applied at R1 and R3 at 4.0 oz/acre. Evaluation was done in both 2006 and 2007 with foliar sympto...

  12. Comparative embryotoxicity of different antimalarial peroxides: in vitro study using the rat whole embryo culture model (WEC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longo, Monica; Zanoncelli, Sara; Brughera, Marco; Colombo, Paolo; Wittlin, Sergio; Vennerstrom, Jonathan L; Moehrle, Joerg; Craft, J Carl

    2010-12-01

    Three groups of compounds: (i) active peroxides (artemisinin and arterolene), (ii) inactive non-peroxidic derivatives (deoxyartemisinin and carbaOZ277) and (iii) inactive peroxide (OZ381) were tested by WEC system to provide insights into the relationship between chemical structure and embryotoxic potential, and to assess the relationship between embryotoxicity and antimalarial activity. Deoxyartemisinin, OZ381 and carbaOZ277 did not affect rat embryonic development. Artemisinin and arterolane affected primarily nucleated red blood cells (RBCs), inducing anemia and subsequent tissue damage in rat embryos, with NOELs for RBC damage at 0.1 and 0.175μg/mL, respectively. These data support the idea that only active antimalarial peroxides are able to interfere with normal embryonic development. In an attempt to establish whether and to what extent activity as antimalarials and embryotoxicity can be divorced, IC(50)s for activity in Plasmodium falciparum strains and the NOELs for RBCs were compared. From this comparison, arterolane showed a better safety margin than artemisinin.

  13. Application of radioisotopes Au -198 to radiometrical field investigation of spraying machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goraczko, W.; Kocorowska, E. [Technical Univeristy, Poznan (Poland). Radio and Photo-Chemistry Department

    1997-10-01

    The poster shows application of radioisotope {sup 198}Au to radiometrical field testing of spraying machine. In the research was tested the Polish suspensioned tractor OZS400 type spraying machine. The machine worked in two different variants: without and with the beam stabilisation (oscillatory stabilisation)

  14. Organic matter - A key factor in controlling mercury distribution in estuarine sediment

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Chakraborty, P.; Sarkar, A.; Vudamala, K.; Naik, R.; Nath, B.N.

    .K., Dwivedi, P., Banerjee, V., Gupta, V. (Eds.), Petroleum Geochemistry and Exploration in the Afro- Asian Region. pp. 347–361. Peña-Fernández, A., González-Muñoz, M.J., Lobo-Bedmar, M.C., 2014. Establishing the importance of human health risk assessment...

  15. Study on Direct Synthesis of Diphenyl Carbonate with Heterogeneous Catalytic Reaction (V) Screening Catalysts and Optimizing Synthesis Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张光旭; 吴元欣; 马沛生; 田崎峰; 吴广文; 李定或; 王存文

    2003-01-01

    Pd/LaxPbyMnOz, Pd/C, Pd/molecular sieve and Pd-heteropoly acid catalysts for direct synthesis of diphenyl carbonate (DPC) by heterogeneous catalytic reaction were compared and the results of DPC synthesis indicated that the catalyst Pd/LaxPbyMnOz had higher activity. The Pd/LaxPbyMnOz catalyst and the support was characterized by XRD, SEM and TEM, the main phase was La0.62Pb0.38MnO3 and the average diameter could be about 25.4 nm. The optimum conditions for synthesis of DPC with Pd/LaxPbyMnOz were determined by orthogonal experiments and the experimental results showed that reaction temperature was the first factor of effect on the selectivity and yield of DPC, and the concentration of O2 in gas phase also had significant effect on selectivity of DPC. The optimum reaction conditions were catMyst/phenol mass ratio 1 to 50, pressure 4.5 MPa,volume concentration of O2 25%, reaction temperature 60° and reaction time 4 h. The maximum yield and average selectivity could reach 13% and 97% respectively in the batch operation.

  16. 非均相羰基氧化一步合成碳酸二苯酯的研究(Ⅴ)筛选催化剂及优化合成条件%Study on Direct Synthesis of Diphenyl Carbonate with Heterogeneous Catalytic Reaction (Ⅴ) Screening Catalysts and Optimizing Synthesis Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张光旭; 吴元欣; 马沛生; 田崎峰; 吴广文; 李定或; 王存文

    2003-01-01

    Pd/LaxPbyMnOz, Pd/C, Pd/molecular sieve and Pd-heteropoly acid catalysts for direct synthesis of diphenyl carbonate (DPC) by heterogeneous catalytic reaction were compared and the results of DPC synthesis indicated that the catalyst Pd/LaxPbyMnOz had higher activity. The Pd/LaxPbyMnOz catalyst and the support was characterized by XRD, SEM and TEM, the main phase was La0.62Pb0.38MnO3 and the average diameter could be about 25.4nm. The optimum conditions for synthesis of DPC with Pd/LaxPbyMnOz were determined by orthogonal experiments and the experimental results showed that reaction temperature was the first factor of effect on the selectivity and yield of DPC, and the concentration of O2 in gas phase also had significant effect on selectivity of DPC. The optimum reaction conditions were catalyst/phenol mass ratio 1 to 50, pressure 4.5 MPa,volume concentration of O2 25%, reaction temperature 60℃ and reaction time 4 h. The maximum yield and average selectivity could reach 13% and 97% respectively in the batch operation.

  17. Moringa oleifera Lam

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2015-08-12

    Aug 12, 2015 ... the formation of phytic acid protein complex (Oz, 2013). Tannins have ... for Tropical Agriculture; FLSD, Fisher's least significant difference. Author(s) agree .... Nigeria; Nsukka (Enugu State with rainforest vegetation), Dutse. (Jigawa ..... supply by releasing structurally bound elements such as. N, P and Ca in ...

  18. La más sentida elegía de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benigno Acosta Polo

    1961-07-01

    Full Text Available Entre las producciones de Guillermo Valencia, posteriores a "Ritos" sobresalen, por su acento petrarquesco, los dos sonetos dedicados a su finada esposa, doña Josefina Muñoz de Valencia, y que hizo grabar en la urna de mármol que guarda sus cenizas. Su devoción por ella fue siempre igual.

  19. In Vitro Bile-Acid-Binding of Whole vs. Pearled Wheat Grain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Health benefits of consuming whole grains help reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke and cancer. The USDA Food Guide pyramid and dietary guidelines recommend the consumption of 6-10 oz of grain products daily and one-half of that is desired to be containing whole grains (2005). Whole grains con...

  20. Changes in prices, sales, consumer spending, and beverage consumption one year after a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in Berkeley, California, US: A before-and-after study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, Lynn D; Ng, Shu Wen; Ryan-Ibarra, Suzanne; Taillie, Lindsey Smith; Induni, Marta; Miles, Donna R; Poti, Jennifer M; Popkin, Barry M

    2017-04-01

    Taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) meant to improve health and raise revenue are being adopted, yet evaluation is scarce. This study examines the association of the first penny per ounce SSB excise tax in the United States, in Berkeley, California, with beverage prices, sales, store revenue/consumer spending, and usual beverage intake. Methods included comparison of pre-taxation (before 1 January 2015) and first-year post-taxation (1 March 2015-29 February 2016) measures of (1) beverage prices at 26 Berkeley stores; (2) point-of-sale scanner data on 15.5 million checkouts for beverage prices, sales, and store revenue for two supermarket chains covering three Berkeley and six control non-Berkeley large supermarkets in adjacent cities; and (3) a representative telephone survey (17.4% cooperation rate) of 957 adult Berkeley residents. Key hypotheses were that (1) the tax would be passed through to the prices of taxed beverages among the chain stores in which Berkeley implemented the tax in 2015; (2) sales of taxed beverages would decline, and sales of untaxed beverages would rise, in Berkeley stores more than in comparison non-Berkeley stores; (3) consumer spending per transaction (checkout episode) would not increase in Berkeley stores; and (4) self-reported consumption of taxed beverages would decline. Main outcomes and measures included changes in inflation-adjusted prices (cents/ounce), beverage sales (ounces), consumers' spending measured as store revenue (inflation-adjusted dollars per transaction) in two large chains, and usual beverage intake (grams/day and kilocalories/day). Tax pass-through (changes in the price after imposition of the tax) for SSBs varied in degree and timing by store type and beverage type. Pass-through was complete in large chain supermarkets (+1.07¢/oz, p = 0.001) and small chain supermarkets and chain gas stations (1.31¢/oz, p = 0.004), partial in pharmacies (+0.45¢/oz, p = 0.03), and negative in independent corner stores and

  1. Effects of Rice Bran Oil Rich in Oryzanol on Pentobarbital- Induced Sleeping Behaviors in Partial Sleep-Deprived Mice Through Modulation of Monoamines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang YANG; Gui CHEN; Cui-hong ZHU; Xiao-lin LUO; Bi-xia HUANG; Hui-lian ZHU

    2014-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate whether rice bran oil rich in oryzanol has effects on pentobarbital-induced sleeping behaviors and locomotor activities in partial sleep-deprived mice.Methods Sixty mice were randomly divided into five groups (12 for each). Control and partial sleep deprivation (PSD) model groups were fed basic rodent chow with 8% soy-bean oil (oryzanol free). PSD-low oryzanol (PSD-lOZ), PSD-medium oryzanol (PSD-mOZ) and PSD-high oryzanol (PSD-hOZ) groups were fed basic rodent chow with 8% rice bran oil, containing 3000, 7000 and 15000 mg/kg of oryzanol, respectively for 25 d. The locomotor activities after PSD and the latency and duration of sleep induced by pentobarbital were determined. The contents of monoamines, as norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) were measured by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS.Results Immediately after PSD, the locomotor activities in PSD model group were decreased compared with the control group (P< 0.05). The PSD-mOZ and PSD-hOZ groups had higher locomotor activities than the PSD model group (bothP< 0.05). The latency of sleep in the PSD-mOZ group and PSD-hOZ group were both decreased when compared with the PSD model group (bothP< 0.05). Linear regression showed that the duration of sleep time increased in dose dependent manner with the contents of oryzanol in rice bran oil (P=0.05). The PSD model group had lower level of NE, DA and 5-HT when compared with the control group (allP<0.05). Supplementation of high contents of oryzanol in rice bran oil may prevent the decline in monoamines (NE, DA, 5-HT) induced by PSD (allP<0.05).Conclusion Rice bran oil rich in oryzanol may alleviate fatigue and improve sleep in mice with PSD through modulation of monoamines (NE, DA, 5-HT).

  2. Comparison Between Acupuncture and Biofeedback as Adjunctive Treatments for Primary Insomnia Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Hsien-Te; Lin, Shang-Lun; Lin, Chi-Hung; Tzeng, Dong-Sheng

    2017-02-27

    Context • Insomnia affects from 5% to 35% of the general population worldwide. Primary insomnia disorder is the most frequently diagnosed, sleep-related disorder. Pharmacological treatments remain the most widely used treatments for insomnia. Nonpharmacological treatments for primary insomnia disorder have been found to be effective. Objective • This study intended to determine the appropriateness of acupuncture and biofeedback as adjuncts to medication for primary insomnia disorder. Design • The research team designed a randomized, controlled study. Setting • The study took place in a psychosomatic clinic at a regional general hospital in southern Taiwan. Participants • Participants were patients at the clinic with primary insomnia disorder who had never received prior hypnotic medication or alternative treatments. Intervention • All participants received 10 mg of zolpidem. The participants were divided into 3 groups: (1) acupuncture adjunctive to zolpidem (AAZ) group- 18 patients received 1 acupuncture session weekly; (2) biofeedback adjunctive to zolpidem (BAZ) group- 17 patients received 1 biofeedback session weekly; and (3) control (OZ) group-14 patients received only zolpidem. Patients visited the clinic 1 ×/wk for 4 wk, at baseline and on days 7, 14, and 21 of the intervention. Outcome Measures • The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to measure outcomes. Treatment success was defined as a final PSQI score of ≤5. The generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used for statistical analysis. Results • Using analysis of variance, the reduction in the PSQI scores were (1) 3.72 for the AAZ group, (2) 2.00 for the BAZ group, and (3) 2.29 for the OZ group (P = .28). The GEE analysis indicated no differences in the therapeutic effects among the 3 groups: P = .37 for the AAZ group vs the OZ group and P = .07 for the BAZ group vs the OZ group, when the PSQI of the OZ group was set to 0. The AAZ group had a significantly higher score than

  3. THANETIAN AND EARLY YPRESIAN ORTHOPHRAGMINES (FORAMINIFERA: DISCOCYCLINIDAE AND ORBITOCLYPEIDAE FROM THE CENTRAL WESTERN TETHYS (TURKEY, ITALY AND BULGARIA AND THEIR REVISED TAXONOMY AND BIOSTRATIGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GYÖRGY LESS

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The rich orthophragminid assemblages from the upper Thanetian and lower Ypresian of Turkey are discussed together with the coeval faunas from Spilecco (N Italy and Beloslav (Bulgaria. Their taxonomy, evolution and biozonation in the Western Tethys are revised. Our biometric study is based mainly on a large number of equatorial sections of megalospheric individuals. We present the emended description of Discocyclina seunesi, D. tenuis, Orbitoclypeus multiplicatus, O. bayani and Asterocyclina taramellii. A new species, Nemkovella stockari is introduced. The evolutionary lineages of Discocyclina seunesi, Orbitoclypeus multiplicatus and O. bayani are restored for the first time by using the consistent size-increase of the megalospheric embryon that also allowed introducing some new subspecies (Discocyclina seunesi beloslavensis, D. s. karabuekensis, Orbitoclypeus multiplicatus kastamonuensis, O. bayani kurucasileensis and O. munieri ponticus. By owing the most complete record of Thanetian and early Ypresian orthophragmines from the Western Tethys (using also data from SW France and the Crimean Peninsula we could reconstruct their early evolution. The chronostratigraphical position of some localities was ascertained from planktic and larger benthic foraminifera, as well as calcareous nannoplankton. In the updated orthophragminid zonation (zones are marked by OZ, OZ 1a corresponds to the early Thanetian, OZ 1b to the middle Thanetian. They are distinguished on the base of the evolution of Discocyclina seunesi. In these zones, only two unribbed species of Discocyclina and Orbitoclypeus each are present. Ribbed Orbitoclypeus, genus Asterocyclina and Nemkovella appeared in the redefined OZ 2 zone belonging to the late Thanetian. Discocyclina archiaci and D. dispansa substituted D. seunesi at about the Paleocene/Eocene boundary. The early Ypresian can be subdivided into the OZ 3 and 4 zones that can be distinguished from each other by the different

  4. APPLICATION OF OZONE AIMING TO KEEP THE QUALITY OF STRAWBERRIES USING A LOW COST REACTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MÔNICA LOPES MORAIS

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO O morango é uma fruta de alto valor comercial e tem uma rápida deterioração, como a demanda por produtos saudáveis, seguros sob o ponto de vista microbiológico e livre de produtos químicos aumenta cada vez mais, o método de aplicação do gás ozônio em uma atmosfera controlada foi proposto. O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a eficiência do gás ozônio produzido por um reator, a fim de que os pequenos produtores de morangos possam usá-lo, contribuindo, assim, para as economias regionais. Morangos (Fragaria ananassa variedade Oso Grande, colhidasna região de Minas Gerais foram divididas dois grupos: o primeiro recebeu tratamento com ozônio e o segundo não. No primeiro grupo, o ozônio foi aplicado durante 20 minutos a partir de um reator de Corona. Os frutos foram armazenados a 4 ° C, por períodos de 5, 10 e 15 dias. A qualidade dos frutos foi relata a partir dos níveis de sólidos solúveis totais (SS, acidez titulável (AT , pH, compostos fenólicos (CF, ácido ascórbico (AA, perda de massa fresca (PM% e análise microbiológica (AM, em diferentes tempos de armazenamento de frutos ozonizados e não ozonizados. O uso de gás ozônio foi eficiente para a pós-colheita de morango. Os níveis de microrganismos estão dentro dos limites aceitáveis e as propriedades físicas e químicas foram mantidas.

  5. Caloric effect of a 16-ounce (473-mL) portion-size cap on sugar-sweetened beverages served in restaurants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y Claire; Vine, Seanna M

    2013-08-01

    New York City recently proposed a restriction to cap the portion size of all sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) sold in food-service establishments at 16 oz (473 mL). One critical question is whether such a policy may disproportionally affect low-income or overweight individuals. The objective was to determine the demographic characteristics of US individuals potentially affected by a 16-oz portion-size cap on SSBs and the potential effect on caloric intake. We analyzed dietary records from the NHANES 2007-2010. We estimated the proportion of individuals who consumed at least one SSB >16 fluid oz (473 mL) in restaurants by age, household income, and weight status. Of all SSBs >16 oz (473 mL) purchased from food-service establishments, 64.7% were purchased from fast food restaurants, 28.2% from other restaurants, and 4.6% from sports, recreation, and entertainment facilities. On a given day, the policy would affect 7.2% of children and 7.6% of adults. Overweight individuals are more likely to consume these beverages, whereas there was no significant difference between income groups. If 80% of affected consumers choose a 16-oz (473-mL) beverage, the policy would result in a change of -57.6 kcal in each affected consumer aged 2-19 y (95% CI: -65.0, -50.1) and -62.6 kcal in those aged ≥20 y (95% CI: -67.9, -57.4). A policy to cap portion size is likely to result in a modest reduction in excess calories from SSBs, especially among young adults and children who are overweight.

  6. Temporal correlation between two channels EEG of bipolar lead in the head midline is associated with sleep-wake stages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yanjun; Tang, Xiaoying; Xu, Zhi; Liu, Weifeng; Li, Jing

    2016-03-01

    Whether the temporal correlation between inter-leads Electroencephalogram (EEG) that located on the boundary between left and right brain hemispheres is associated with sleep stages or not is still unknown. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the role of correlation coefficients between EEG leads Fpz-Cz and Pz-Oz for automatic classification of sleep stages. A total number of 39 EEG recordings (about 20 h each) were selected from the expanded sleep database in European data format for temporal correlation analysis. Original waveform of EEG was decomposed into sub-bands δ (1-4 Hz), θ (4-8 Hz), α (8-13 Hz) and β (13-30 Hz). The correlation coefficient between original EEG leads Fpz-Cz and Pz-Oz within frequency band 0.5-30 Hz was defined as r(EEG) and was calculated every 30 s, while that between the two leads EEG in sub-bands δ, θ, α and β were defined as r(δ), r(θ), r(α) and r(β), respectively. Classification of wakefulness and sleep was processed by fixed threshold that derived from the probability density function of correlation coefficients. There was no correlation between EEG leads Fpz-Cz and Pz-Oz during wakefulness (|r| r > 0.1 for r(EEG) and r(δ)), while low correlation existed during sleep (r ≈ -0.4 for r(EEG), r(δ), r(θ), r(α) and r(β)). There were significant differences (analysis of variance, P sleep when in comparison with that during wakefulness, respectively. The accuracy for distinguishing states between wakefulness and sleep was 94.2, 93.4, 89.4, 85.2 and 91.4% in terms of r(EEG), r(δ), r(θ), r(α) and r(β), respectively. However, no correlation index between EEG leads Fpz-Cz and Pz-Oz could distinguish all five types of wakefulness, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, N1 sleep, N2 sleep and N3 sleep. In conclusion, the temporal correlation between EEG bipolar leads Fpz-Cz and Pz-Oz are highly associated with sleep-wake stages. Moreover, high accuracy of sleep-wake classification could be achieved by the temporal correlation

  7. Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths: Alphabetical Index by Name, (Aakhus Daniel Joseph - Zysk Carol Rose), October 1, 1979 thru September 30, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    ezw "w - - 4 0~-.c w C in x m -i an 3 - 0~ a~ wO "J x4 z) Oz ’j w O InOz C)>x a .4, e W (A l0 0 0 I-I LLW4 > - I-)I > ;- )I- aa- )I- 3 02-:- o...cc, 0 000w w z LIwz -J )-IJ-J WO0 C.0h )-4 LZ W’LiZ -J- Q de Iat~ i 0~4 4 1 x4~ ILZ ZZ Z14 U 0 L-.J EZW w P4 LL. LL. LL. z z z>-~ w 0000004ɜw4444ɜ

  8. Resonant cavity enhanced light harvesting in flexible thin-film organic solar cells

    KAUST Repository

    Sergeant, Nicholas P.

    2013-04-24

    Dielectric/metal/dielectric (DMD) electrodes have the potential to significantly increase the absorption efficiency and photocurrent in flexible organic solar cells. We demonstrate that this enhancement is attributed to a broadband cavity resonance. Silver-based semitransparent DMD electrodes with sheet resistances below 10 ohm/sq. are fabricated on flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrates in a high-throughput roll-to-roll sputtering tool. We carefully study the effect of the semitransparent DMD electrode (here composed of ZnxSnyOz/Ag/InxSn yOz) on the optical device performance of a copper phthalocyanine (CuPc)/fullerene (C60) bilayer cell and illustrate that a resonant cavity enhanced light trapping effect dominates the optical behavior of the device. © 2013 Optical Society of America.

  9. Echo Hunting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    King, Anthea L.

    of the ongoing OzDES reverberation mapping survey.AGN are highly luminous, numerous, and are present over a huge range of cosmic history.Due to this, they can be used to probe unexplored regions in the Universe's expansion historyand help constrain the properties of dark energy. To investigate the usefulness...... emission line fluxes of individual objects, in order to measure black hole masses for a broad range of AGN and constrain the radius-luminosity (R — L) relationship, which makes them viable standard candles. I investigate the expected efficiency of the OzDES reverberation mapping campaign and its possible...... an unbiased measurement of the radius-luminosity relationship for the emission lines: Hβ, Mgii, and Civ. However, enhancing thebaseline survey by either increasing the spectroscopic cadence, extending the survey season,or improving the accuracy of the emission line flux measurement will significantly...

  10. Superconducting glass-ceramics in the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Guire, Mark R.; Kim, Cheol J.; Bausal, Narottam P.

    1990-01-01

    Differential thermal analysis, XRD, SEM, and resistivity measurements, have been used to study the recrystallization during various heat treatments of a Bi1.5SrCaCu2O(z) glass obtained by rapid quenching from the melt. Heating at 450 C formed the Bi(2+x)Sr(2-x)-CuO(z) solid solution designated 'R'. Between 765 and 845 C, R reacts slowly with the glass to form the 80 K superconductor Bi2(Sr,Ca)3Cu2O(z), together with CuO. Heating for 7 days at the higher temperature, followed by slow cooling, raised the temperature of zero resistance to 77 K.

  11. MODELING AND SOLVING SELF-REFERENTIAL PUZZLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Bubalo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The so-called self-referential puzzles are a very interesting kind of logic puzzles,aiming at developing the skill of logical thinking. A self-referential puzzle consists of asequence of questions about the puzzle itself. In this paper, we shall show some selfreferentialpuzzles, demonstrate how to model and solve them as propositional logicproblems, and how to mechanically generate new puzzles. For this, we shall make use ofthe specific advantages of Mozart/Oz system – the finite domain constraint programminglanguage and environment.We shall also show some new puzzles, according to our best knowledge not yet publishedelsewhere. The program in Mozart/Oz using our method generated these puzzles.

  12. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U08355-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 35 0.82 BC140783_1( BC140783 |pid:none) Homo sapiens odz, odd Oz/ten-m hom... 35 1.1 M33753_1( M33753 |pid:none) D.melanogaster crumb...8_1(A... 35 1.1 BC144543_1( BC144543 |pid:none) Homo sapiens odz, odd Oz/ten-m hom... 35 1.1 ( P10040 ) RecName: Full=Protein crumb...4735_1( DQ314735 |pid:none) Danio rerio crumbs-like protein 1 ... 33 3.1 BC162451..._1( BC162451 |pid:none) Danio rerio crumbs homolog 2, mRNA... 33 3.1 BC172353_1( BC172353 |pid:none) Synthet...inc finger and BTB domain-containing pro... 33 3.1 BC163555_1( BC163555 |pid:none) Danio rerio crumbs homolo

  13. 纽蒙特公司预计2010年黄金产量将提高

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安泰科(翻译); 王莹(翻译)

    2010-01-01

    美国黄金矿业公司Newmont二月下旬公布,其黄金净产量预计小幅度增长至530—550万盎司(约合164.8—171吨)。这是由于其位于澳大利亚的Boddington矿12个月以来产量的逐步上升,而Neveda和Yanacocha矿小部分减产。公司预计2010年黄金适用销售成本,Boddington的副产黄金增长到450$/oz-480$/oz,Nevada和Yanacocha的副产黄金略有下降为440$/oz-470$/oz。

  14. Model of oscillatory zoning in two dimensions: simulation and mode analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mues, Tanja; Heuer, Andreas; Burger, Martin; Lubashevsky, Ihor

    2010-05-01

    Oscillatory zoning (OZ) occurs in all major classes of minerals and also in a wide range of geological environments. It is caused by self-organization and describes fluctuations of the spatial chemical composition profile of the crystal. We present here a two-dimensional model of OZ based on our previous one-dimensional (1D) analysis and investigate whether the results of the 1D stability analysis remain valid. With the additional second dimension we were able to study the origin of the spatially homogeneous layer formation by linear stability analysis. Numerical solutions of the model are presented and the results of a Fourier analysis delivers a detailed understanding of the crystal growth behavior as well as the limits of the model. Effects beyond linear stability analysis are important to finally understand the final structure formation.

  15. Slovensko-bolgarski in Bolgarsko-slovenski priročnik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metod Čepar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Oktobra 2010 je pri Znanstveni založbi Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljublja ni izšel Slovensko – bolgarski in bolgarsko – slovenski priročnik, ki ga je uredil Ljudmil Dimitrov, lektor bolgarskega jezika na oddelku za slavistiko FF v letih 2005-2010. Pri pripravi gesel pa je sodelovala skupina nadarjenih študentov bolgarskega jezika: Ivana Angelova, Ana Drk, Lovro Kozamernik, Sandra Oman in Jaro Samobor. Knjiga je v grobem razdeljena na dva dela. Z ene strani je slovenskobolgarski del, z druge pa bolgarskoslovenski. Vsak posamezni del se dalje deli na enajst večjih poglavij/sklopov, ki se dalje delijo na podpoglavja oz. posamezne sklope. V njih je zajeta kratka predstavitev slovenskega oz. bolgarskega jezika, splošne besede, komunikacije, pa vse do kulture razvedrila, turističnih izrazov in izobraževanja.

  16. Ni Goya, ni Esteve, sino Poza: el retrato de la XIª Marquesa de Espeja y otras obras suyas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rose-de Viejo, Isadora

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This study offers a major breakthrough in the identification and documentation of a heretofore virtually unknown Spanish portraitist painting in a goyesque manner during the early 19th century in Madrid, Antonio Poza y Muñoz (1783-1816, whose works have been attributed to both Francisco de Goya and Agustín Esteve.Este estudio ofrece un avance importante en la identificación y documentación de un retratista español prácticamente desconocido hasta ahora que pintó a la manera goyesca a principios del siglo XIX en Madrid, Antonio Poza y Muñoz (1783-1816, cuyas obras han sido atribuidas tanto a Francisco de Goya como a Agustín Esteve.

  17. A New Uniform Phase Bridge Functional: Test and Its Application to Non-uniform Phase Fluid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Shi-Qi; CHEN Hong; ZHANG Xiao-Qi

    2003-01-01

    A new bridge functional as a function of indirect correlation function was proposed, which was basedon analysis on the asymptotic behavior of the Ornstein-Zernike (OZ) equation system and a series expansion whoserenormalization resulted in an adjustable parameter determined by the thermodynamics consistency condition. Theproposed bridge functional was tested by applying it to bulk hard sphere and hard core Yukawa fluid for the predictionof structure and thermodynamics properties based on the OZ equation. As an application, the present bridge functionalwas employed for non-uniform fluid of the above two kinds by means of the density functional theory methodology, theresulting density distribution profiles were in good agreement with the available computer simulation data.

  18. Tlahuicole, un héroe tlaxcalteca controvertido

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Note portant sur l’auteur Tres fuentes que tratan del reinado de Motecuhzoma II, Muñoz Camargo, Duran y Tezozomoc, narran la historia de Tlahuicole, un auténtico héroe histórico, un guerrero valientísimo, general del ejército tlaxcalteca, que, escribe Durán (1967, cap. 60, v. 2, p. 455-456) “por sus hechos, tenía gran fama en la tierra y sonaba su fama y grandezas entre todas las naciones”. Muñoz Camargo de Tlaxcala (1984, p. 186-188) retrata al héroe en los siguientes términos: “fue de tan g...

  19. Small-angle neutron scattering study on irradiated kappa carrageenan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abad, Lucille [Neutron Science Laboratory, Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, 106-1 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1106 (Japan) and Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, Commonwealth Ave., Diliman, Quezon City (Philippines) and Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, 2-4 Shirane Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan)]. E-mail: lvabad@pnri.dost.gov.ph; Okabe, Satoshi [Neutron Science Laboratory, Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, 106-1 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1106 (Japan); Koizumi, Satoshi [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, 2-4 Shirane Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Shibayama, Mitsuhiro [Neutron Science Laboratory, Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, 106-1 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1106 (Japan)]. E-mail: sibayama@issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    2006-05-31

    The structure of gamma-ray-irradiated {kappa}-carrageenan in aqueous solutions was investigated in terms of small-angle neutron scattering. The scattered intensity, I(q), of non-irradiated {kappa}-carrageenan solutions (5 wt%) was well described with an Ornstein-Zernike (OZ)-type function with the correlation length of 85 A, indicating that the {kappa}-carrageenan solution behaves just as a polymer solution in the semi-dilute regime. By increasing the irradiation dose (100 kGy), I(q) changed to a power-law function with the scattering exponent of -1.84. Further increase in dose results in a recovery of OZ-type function. This indicates that a progressive cleavage of {kappa}-carrageenan chains takes place randomly, leading to a self-similar structure at 100 kGy. This is followed by further segmentation of {kappa}-carrageenan chains.

  20. Echo Hunting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    King, Anthea L.

    of AGN Iconsider whether a general high-redshift standard candle will be a powerful probe of darkenergy, when compared to other types of planned dark energy measurements.I consider several models of how the dark energy equation of state, w(z), may evolve intime and assess the optimal redshift...... distribution that a high-redshift standard-candle surveycould take to constrain these models. The more general the form of the dark energy equationof state w(z) being tested, the more useful high-redshift standard candles become.As part of the OzDES spectroscopic survey we are carrying out a large scale...... emission line fluxes of individual objects, in order to measure black hole masses for a broad range of AGN and constrain the radius-luminosity (R — L) relationship, which makes them viable standard candles. I investigate the expected efficiency of the OzDES reverberation mapping campaign and its possible...

  1. A study of the energy enhancement of electron in radio frequency (RF) linear accelerator of iris loaded waveguards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nguyen, Huy-Bich [Nong Lam Univ., Hochiminh City (Viet Nam). Faculty of Engineering and Technology; National Univ., Hochiminh City (Viet Nam). National Key Lab. of Digital Control and System Engineering (DCSELAB); Trinh, Hoa-Lang [Natural Science Univ., Hochiminh City (Viet Nam). Faculty of Physics - Physical Engineering; Nong Lam Univ., Hochiminh City (Viet Nam). Faculty of Engineering and Technology; Chau, Van-Tao; Nguyen, Van-Tuong [Natural Science Univ., Hochiminh City (Viet Nam). Faculty of Physics - Physical Engineering

    2014-06-15

    In this paper, the Hamiltonian theory of particle motion has been applied for developing the motion equations of electrons in linear accelerator of Iris-loaded waveguides. Using J. C. Slater assumption for determining electric field in Oz direction, the energy increase of electron in the guide wave pipe following the linacs resonance cavity with circulated electromagnetic distribution and repeat-cycle of given number of resonance cavities has been developed. The energy gain of electron following the electron way in Oz axle direction of the accelerator with the different injection phase and phase shift of RF has been obtained. The results indicate that the energy increase of electron depends on the injection phase of RF and cell-to-cell phase shift.

  2. Research on Secure Systems and Automatic Programming. Volume II

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-10-14

    palTfibox SUOS;.rdmoo 30 .zequnu orq; A~qvzQPTsuo3 avnpoz OZ 0Tqv aq PKnom IT UOiIVTG OUT -zopio 042 30 AZIATITSu.1; 012 jnoqv aula ssooid BUT~rlI0UQS...iaLCCrapLrt.taLuoi i: possible only when there is a unique way of executinq * tic A~jS 4d i. .4 A u&iCiTION OF CASNET IN .103,,JUNE 1975,, Page b5

  3. Silicon-Based Nanoscale Composite Energetic Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    burning than stoichiometric ratios. However, the calculated adiabatic temperature via the equilibrium code, Cheetah 6.0 (30] drops from 3443.6 K...equilibrium code, Cheetah 6.0 [30], though it is also calculated that some excess silicon will react with carbon to form condensed phase SiC at fuel...indicates that AE nSi powder is comprised of roughly 83% SiOz. Accounting for the high oxygen content in thermal equilibrium calculations via Cheetah

  4. Mulholland Drive: An Intertextual Reading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahim Barzegar

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article examines David Lynch’s Mulholland Drive from Kristeva’s concept of intertextuality. To achieve this aim, this study provides a close reading of the selected film so as to trace and illustrate the polyphonic network of references, citations, quotations and intertexts of Mulholland Drive to the significant already-made films such as Sunset Boulevard, The Wizard of Oz, and Persona.

  5. The Particle Dynamics of Penetration

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-01

    terms of VozRL, vozPL and T. If we use these values in equation (5), we obtain Az T( voz - VozRL)/(VozPL - ozRL). (8) I ___ _ -- . b DEI. If v0 o< vozRL...then A < 0 and ricochet will occur. If voz > VozPL then Az > T and perforation will occur. If 0 < A < T, then embedment will occur. Thus A , the z

  6. Asymptotics for Two-dimensional Atoms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nam, Phan Thanh; Portmann, Fabian; Solovej, Jan Philip

    2012-01-01

    We prove that the ground state energy of an atom confined to two dimensions with an infinitely heavy nucleus of charge $Z>0$ and $N$ quantum electrons of charge -1 is $E(N,Z)=-{1/2}Z^2\\ln Z+(E^{\\TF}(\\lambda)+{1/2}c^{\\rm H})Z^2+o(Z^2)$ when $Z\\to \\infty$ and $N/Z\\to \\lambda$, where $E^{\\TF}(\\lambd...

  7. Ustvarjalno reševanje problemov v procesu razvoja novega izdelka

    OpenAIRE

    Gradišnik, Andraž

    2016-01-01

    V diplomskem delu bom predstavil različne strategije oz. načine za reševanje problemov v procesu razvoja novega izdelka. Na začetku bom prikazal teoretične pojme s področja inoviranja in razvoja izdelka, nato pa bom predstavil 12 strategij uspeha, ki bi jih moralo upoštevati vsako projektno usmerjeno podjetje.

  8. Mammalian Toxicity of Munition Compounds. Phase III. Effects of Lifetime Exposure. Part I. 2,4-Dinitrotoluene

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-11-01

    epidemiological studies are the only ethical procedures currently available to obtain this information in humans. There are, however, a variety of protocols...of species commonly used for these tests are: a. House: The mouse is inexpensive to maintain in large breeding colonies and its embryology is wall...fecundity, and a low incidence oZ spontaneous malformutions. There is, however, no adequate single source of information on rat embryology , although this

  9. El colombiano que logró viajar a la Rusia del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Córdoba Rocha

    1986-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN   Las más recientes noticias que tenemos de Henry Luque Muñoz nos remiten a la obra musical, inspirada en uno de sus poemas, que fue interpretada por las orquestas sinfónicas  de Argentina y Checoslovaquia y a la publicación en moscú  de una novedosa antología   de la poesía colombiana.

  10. Impact of fruit juice and beverage portion size on snack intake in preschoolers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Erin M; Poole, Seletha A; Raynor, Hollie A

    2015-12-01

    It has been recommended that beverages other than 100% fruit juice, such as water, be served at meals and snacks for preschool-aged children to reduce excessive energy intake. Using a 2 × 2 × 2 design (between-subjects factor of order and within-subjects factors of beverage type and size), 26 children (3.9 ± 0.6 years of age, 50% female, 73% white, and 88.5% non-Hispanic or Latino) completed four, 20-min snack sessions consisting of 200 g of applesauce, 60 g of graham crackers, and either 6 oz. (approximately 180 g) or 12 oz. (approximately 360 g) of 100% berry fruit juice or water, to examine the influence of 100% fruit juice and the portion size of the provided fruit juice, on beverage, food, and overall snack intake. Mixed-factor analyses of covariance revealed a significant (p juice condition consuming the greatest amount of beverage (226.6 ± 116.4 g), and for energy consumed from food, with the 12 oz. water condition consuming more than the 12 oz. juice condition (117.7 ± 69.1 kcal vs. 88.5 ± 64.1 kcal). A main effect of beverage type was found on overall snack energy intake, with more overall energy consumed when juice was provided (175.4 ± 50.0 kcal vs. 104.8 ± 62.8 kcal, p juice led to greater overall snack energy intake. Future research should examine the role of 100% fruit juice, and beverage portion size, in contributing to excessive daily energy intake in preschool-aged children.

  11. A POW'S STORY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    were holding a line on the central perimeter, and from there I was ... hunger feeling now, the rations you receive you can eat before ... higher up the line, about 60 miles to Derna. A ... grams (6 ozs), to try and keep your tummy full. We find it ... transit camp in the battle zone and until we get to Italy they cannot do more for us.

  12. 学做中国菜(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Chicken Stew with Tremella and Coconut银耳椰子鸡煲Half a chicken; 2 oz. dried tremella; 1 coconut. Salt (optional).Preparation:1. Rinse chicken, quick-boil it for five minutes. Slice the coconut's flesh.2. Soak the tremella until soft, then rinse.3. Place water in the pot, mix all ingredients, and stew for three hours after boiling.4. Add salt and serve.

  13. Breast Cancer Epidemiology in Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-30

    item (0) Rarely (1) Weekly (2) Daily Meat Stew Yes (1) No (0), Jump to next item (0) Rarely (1) Weekly (2) Daily Fast Food (Hamburger...Week Each day Cooked rice Cereal: cream of wheat, oatmeal, corn flour , corn starch Cold box cereals Soda crackers...local root beer) 6oz Portion How many times you consumed 12 MONTHS AGO? Meats and substitutes S M L Never Rarely Each Month Each Week Each

  14. Hacia una teoría contextualista del razonamiento inductivo centrada en prácticas inferenciales /

    OpenAIRE

    Vázquez Gutiérrez, Ricardo sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Filosofía de la Ciencia, presenta Ricardo Vázquez Gutiérrez ; asesor Sergio Fernando Martínez Muñoz. V, 217 páginas. Doctorado en Filosofía de la Ciencia UNAM, Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas, 2009

  15. Digital, One Way, Acoustic Communication in the Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-01

    phase is vital to the receiver in order to be able to detect the transmitted signal. For incoherent modulation schemes, only the knowledge of the carrier...34 -5 - c=0 , =0.2T -:10 , -10 0 4 8 12 16 20 0 4 8 L2 1 20 Signol to Noise Ratio 1 9 ] Signo ] to Noise Poifo I 05 k=0.4 cc,, k=Oz 5 ’ _E 0 -5

  16. The Joint Lessons Learned System and Interoperability

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-02

    LUCIA)’’ ___________________________ Kingstown BARBADOS T. YLNCENT ANOCB &rJei -K- VitraPrto-pi TRINIDAD Ar AND - TOBAGO Ciudad .Guayana Caribbean Sea...Because he dio not know who was directing the airstrikes or whether that individual knew his location, LTC Crocker feared for his soldiers, and at...mechanism, and dio no. change except in response to the external pressures of the GAO. T ne current JCLL has reversed this with the articulation oz robust

  17. The Impact of Health Literacy Status on the Comparative Validity and Sensitivity of an Interactive Multimedia Beverage Intake Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy P. Hooper

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Self-reported dietary assessment methods can be challenging to validate, and reporting errors for those with lower health literacy (HL may be augmented. Interactive multimedia (IMM based questionnaires could help overcome these limitations. The objectives of this investigation are to assess the comparative validity and sensitivity to change of an IMM beverage intake questionnaire (IMM-BEVQ as compared to dietary recalls and determine the impact of HL. Adults completed three 24-h dietary recalls and the IMM-BEVQ at baseline and after a six-month intervention targeting either sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB or physical activity. Correlations and paired-samples t-tests are presented. For validity (n = 273, intake of SSB (mean difference = 10.6 fl oz and total beverage consumption (mean difference = 16.0 fl oz were significantly different (p ≤ 0.001 at baseline between the IMM-BEVQ and dietary recalls for all participants. However, the differences in intake were generally greater in low HL participants than in adequate HL participants. For sensitivity (n = 162, change in SSB intake (mean difference = 7.2 fl oz was significantly different (p ≤ 0.01 between pre-/post-IMM-BEVQ and pre-/post-dietary recalls, but not total beverage intake (mean difference = 7.6 fl oz for all participants. Changes in SSB and total beverage intake were not significantly different for those with adequate HL. The IMM-BEVQ is a valid dietary assessment tool that is as responsive to detecting changes in beverage intake as dietary recalls. However, adults with lower HL may need additional guidance when completing the IMM-BEVQ.

  18. The Tin-Man and the TAM – A Journey Into M-Learning in the Land of Aus

    OpenAIRE

    Blake Peck a *, Cecil Deans a , Lynette Stockhausen a

    2010-01-01

    Within the past few years the virtues and pitfalls of Podcasting specifically within the higher education environment have been extolled. However, there is little, if any, discussion of how academic staff have undergone this period of transformation in an era of technological adoption and sweeping pedagogic change. Using the Technology Adoption Model (Davis 1989) as a theoretical platform and the characters from the classic film the Wizard of Oz as signposts, this paper explores and describe...

  19. Using a SPOC to flip the classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez-Muñoz, Gonzalo; Pulido, Estrella

    2015-01-01

    Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. G. Martínez-Muñoz and E. Pulido, "Using a SPOC to flip the classroom," 2015 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUC...

  20. 多孔質ガラス膜を用いたオゾナイザー開発に関する基礎研究

    OpenAIRE

    岡村, 健; 森本, 琢磨; 三宅, 琢磨; 迫田, 達也; 馬場, 誠二

    2007-01-01

    As ozone has strong oxidation power and it is quickly changed into oxygen due to its short life time, it is harmless technology of water treatment for the environment. A bubbling technique is favorable to dissolve ozone in water, however, the dissolution efficiency is low. Therefore, we proposed a novel ozone generator which can effectively dissolve ozone through the porous glass film. Ozone was formed in the porous film and dissolved in water without bubbling.### In this study, a new type oz...

  1. Influence of contact lens power profile on peripheral refractive error.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Jara, Percy Lazon; Sankaridurg, Padmaja; Ehrmann, Klaus; Holden, Brien A

    2014-06-01

    To measure the power profile across the optic zone (OZ) of four commercially available soft contact lenses and establish the impact on the peripheral refractive error of the eye. The power profiles of a spherical conventional hydrogel contact lens (etafilcon A, J&J Vistakon, Jacksonville, FL USA) and three spherical silicone hydrogel contact lenses (lotrafilcon A and B, CIBA Vision, Duluth, GA USA; enfilcon A, CooperVision, Pleasanton, CA USA) with a labeled power of -3.00 and -6.00 diopters were measured using a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor power mapping device. Central and peripheral refraction across the horizontal meridian (nasal and temporal visual field at 20, 30, and 40 degrees) was measured with an open-field autorefractor (Shin Nippon NVision K5001, Osaka Japan) with and without contact lenses in 26 myopic subjects. The relative peripheral refractive error on the eye was estimated and compared with and without contact lenses and between contact lenses. Differences in the distribution of the power profile across the OZ were apparent between contact lens types and powers. No significant differences (p > 0.05) were found between contact lens types for their effect on on-axis refraction. Significant differences (p < 0.05) were found at all peripheral retinal eccentricities between contact lens types. For a given central power, the four contact lenses exhibited variations in optical power across the OZ of the lens. The distribution of optical power across the OZ has an influence on the peripheral refractive error of the eye.

  2. A Linear Stability Analysis of the Rapid Development of an Extratropical Cyclone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-01

    temperatura perturbation(i 91 . • w +I. 0. .040HORIZONTRL DISTRNCE (X IOE2 KM) 100 5.0 5.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16. z . w200 oZ •L 400 -" 0 500 .- =100 700...Tucson, Arizona 85721 27. Lynn K. Shay (Code 63Sh) 1 Department of Met rolo Monterey, Ca. 939-58 110 .’ .’ *. mmt 28. William Clune 1 Quality Control

  3. Jorge Manrique y sus coplas inmortales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Morales Pino

    1979-03-01

    Full Text Available Cinco siglos hace que don Jorge Manrique, que en ese entonces contaba con 39 años, durante un combate que se trabó a las puertas de Garcí Muñoz, "se metió con tanta osadía entre los enemigos, que por no ser visto de los suyos, para que fuera socorrido, le ficieron de muchos golpes y murió peleando".

  4. Tray Pack Improved Durability Packaging Rough Handling Test Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-03-01

    extra vacuum void volume space makes these underfilled Tray Packs much more susceptible to damage. It is the vacuum that causes the damage not the under...filled to 6 lb. 10 oz. The result of underfilling is that the vacuum level in the peas is much higher making it more susceptible to paneling damage...impact. (3) That the vacuum induced by underfilling and vacuum pack- ing Tray Packs filled with peas makes them highly suscep- tible to damage. (4) That

  5. El colombiano que logró viajar a la Rusia del siglo XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha, Enrique Córdoba

    2015-01-01

    RESUMEN  Las más recientes noticias que tenemos de Henry Luque Muñoz nos remiten a la obra musical, inspirada en uno de sus poemas, que fue interpretada por las orquestas sinfónicas  de Argentina y Checoslovaquia y a la publicación en moscú  de una novedosa antología   de la poesía colombiana.

  6. Heart rate, blood pressure and repolarization effects of an energy drink as compared to coffee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brothers, R Matthew; Christmas, Kevin M; Patik, Jordan C; Bhella, Paul S

    2016-03-01

    The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of energy drinks on haemodynamic and cardiac physiology. Comparisons were made to coffee as well as water consumption. In Protocol #1 the caffeine content was normalized to body weight to represent a controlled environment. Heart rate, blood pressure and cardiac QTc interval were assessed in 15 participants, on 4 days, prior to and for 6·5 h postconsumption of (i) energy drink (2 mg caffeine per kg body weight; low dose), (ii) energy drink (3 mg caffeine per kg body weight; medium dose), (iii) coffee (2 mg caffeine per kg body weight) and (iv) 250 ml water. In Protocol #2, the beverages were consumed in volumes that they are purchased to represent real-life conditions. The aforementioned measurements were repeated in 15 participants following (i) 1 16 oz can of energy drink (16 oz Monster), (ii) 1 24 oz can of energy drink (24 oz Monster), (iii) 1 packet of Keurig K-Cup Starbucks coffee (coffee) and (iv) 250 ml water. The order of the beverages was performed in a randomized double-blinded fashion. For both protocols, QTc interval, heart rate and systolic blood pressure were unchanged in any condition (P>0·05). Diastolic blood pressure and mean blood pressure were slightly elevated in Protocol #1 (P0·05). These findings suggest that acute consumption of these commonly consumed beverages has no negative effect on cardiac QTc interval.

  7. III-Nitride Visible- and Solar-Blind Avalanche Photodiodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Manager: Dr. Donald Silversmith – Air Force Office of Scientific Research Principal Investigator: Professor Manijeh Razeghi Center for...photodiodes K. Minder, J.L. Pau, R. McClintock, P. Kung, C. Bayram, M. Razeghi and D. Silversmith Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 91, No. 7, p. 073513-1...M. Razeghi, E. Muñoz, and D. Silversmith Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 91, No. 04, p. 041104 -1-- July 23, 2007 3. Hole-initiated multiplication

  8. Antisite defects in Ce-doped YAG (Y3Al5O12): First-principles study on structures and 4f-5d transitions

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz García, Ana Belén; Barandiarán, Zoila; Seijo, Luis

    2012-01-01

    This is an electronic version of an article published in Journal of Materials Chemistry. Muñoz García, A.B., Barandiarán, Z. and Luis Seijo. "Antisite defects in Ce-doped YAG (Y3Al5O12): First-principles study on structures and 4f-5d transitions". Journal of Materials Chemistry 22 (2012): 19888-19897

  9. Epidemiological Studies Persian Gulf War Illnesses Persian Gulf Women’s Health Linkage Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-07-01

    Injection Diaphragm/Cervical Cap Yes IUD Contraceptive Sponge Jelly/Foam/Suppositories Condom Withdrawal Rhythm/Calendar Method Tubal Ligation...pregnancy. MATERNAL COMPLICATIONS Pregl Preg2 Preg3 Preg4 Preg5 Preg6 Preg7 Preg8 Infection during pregnancy Gestational Diabetes Pregnancy-induced...IUGR) (small fetal size for age) Premature Rupture of Membranes NEWBORN COMPLICATIONS Infection at Birth Low Birth Weight (< 5 lbs, 5 oz

  10. Development of a High-Temperature Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding Testbed for Aerospace Grade Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-11-10

    properties. Table 2.1-1 Material identification and average properties of carbon fabric T650/35 Yarn Type T650/35 3K 309 NT Weave 8 Harness Satin Weight (Oz...reduction was achieved by adding lwt% SWNTs. In the future work, the research team will incorporate carbon nanotubes in PETI- 330/ carbon fiber composites...11 2.2.2 Synthesis of PETI-330

  11. A Numerical Investigation of the Non-Linear Mechanics of Wave Disturbances in Plane Poiseuille Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    1971-09-02

    X»-« <to ••_ w || •— W || rHw X —r-l< X—. II 1- lUJO -J II XUO-JUJ Q.Z<Z OZ<ZZZ OHM <o ii M <•-.£«: CM—I...9^720 9. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory 1 Los Alamos, New Mexico 875^ Attn: Dr. F. Harlow 10. Commander 2 Naval Air Systems Command Attn: Dr

  12. Los inicios del Colombinismo en la España Ilustrada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Gil

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article is anylized, on the base of both manuscript (The Acts of the Academy of History and the Campomanes’ Archive and printed sources, the study done at the end of the XVIII century about the first colonization of America: the attempts of translating W. Robertson’s book, the correspondence of the Academy of History with Benjamin Framklin and the publication of the books of J. B. Muñoz and C. Cladera.

  13. Determination of PCDD/F, PCBs and PBDE in Swiss sewage sludge

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz Fernández, María; Zennegg, Markus; Gerecke, Andreas C.

    2013-01-01

    M. Muñoz agradece el apoyo económico de la Universidad de Alicante, al proyecto CTQ 2008-05520 del Ministerio Español de Economía y Competitividad y al Departamento de Química Analítica de EMPA (Dübendorf, Suiza) por permitir el desarrollo de la estancia de investigación.

  14. Integrated taxonomy of a new species of black fly in the subgenus Trichodagmia (Diptera: Simuliidae) from the Páramo Region of Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Sofia A; Moncada, Ligia I; Murcia, Carlos H; Lotta, Ingrid A; Matta, Nubia E; Adler, Peter H

    2015-01-30

    A new species of simuliid from the Andean Mountains of Colombia is described on the basis of females, males, pupae, larvae, polytene chromosomes, and COI and ITS2 DNA sequences. Simulium (Trichodagmia) chimguazaense new species is structurally, chromosomally, and molecularly distinct from its nearest relatives, S. muiscorum Bueno, Moncada & Muñoz de Hoyos and S. sumapazense Coscarón & Py-Daniel. 

  15. A Novel Linear Polarization Resistance Corrosion Sensing Methodology for Aircraft Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-02

    Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA mgarvan3@gatech.edu honglei.li@gatech.edu gjv@gatech.edu 6 Iron Pillar Technical Services, 1600 Green...fabricated on a flexible substrate to create a circuit consisting of gold- plated copper . The first two electrodes, or the counter and ref- erence...counter and reference electrodes, are fabricated us- ing 0.5 oz. copper with an electroless nickel immersion gold (ENIG) finish and an overall thickness

  16. Provision of Personnel and Administrative Support to the Forward Deployed Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-06-06

    10™ 1S ?!! nonessential functions and personnel would be removed from the corps and divisions. u u oe removea (^ .~ept*OZ ^ P1 ^61Ś^ OEMätiong in...Tor thaaa aystams to onerate reliably during combat. m. Baau.^hU^s^. A. Any cant,n.apay p.aa davalopad fan str^naU, and acca „„ti„s/pars

  17. Structural Analysis of Unsaturated Glycosphingolipids Using Shotgun Ozone-Induced Dissociation Mass Spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrientos, Rodell C.; Vu, Ngoc; Zhang, Qibin

    2017-08-01

    Glycosphingolipids are essential biomolecules widely distributed across biological kingdoms yet remain relatively underexplored owing to both compositional and structural complexity. While the glycan head group has been the subject of most studies, there is paucity of reports on the lipid moiety, particularly the location of unsaturation. In this paper, ozone-induced dissociation mass spectrometry (OzID-MS) implemented in a traveling wave-based quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-ToF) mass spectrometer was applied to study unsaturated glycosphingolipids using shotgun approach. Resulting high resolution mass spectra facilitated the unambiguous identification of diagnostic OzID product ions. Using [M+Na]+ adducts of authentic standards, we observed that the long chain base and fatty acyl unsaturation had distinct reactivity with ozone. The reactivity of unsaturation in the fatty acyl chain was about 8-fold higher than that in the long chain base, which enables their straightforward differentiation. Influence of the head group, fatty acyl hydroxylation, and length of fatty acyl chain on the oxidative cleavage of double bonds was also observed. Application of this technique to bovine brain galactocerebrosides revealed co-isolated isobaric and regioisomeric species, which otherwise would be incompletely identified using contemporary collision-induced dissociation (CID) alone. These results highlight the potential of OzID-MS in glycosphingolipids research, which not only provides complementary structural information to existing CID technique but also facilitates de novo structural determination of these complex biomolecules. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

  18. Adsorption of parent nitrosamine on the nanocrystaline M-ZSM-5 zeolite: A density functional study

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hossein Roohi; Mahjoubeh Jahantab

    2013-11-01

    The adsorption of parent nitrosamine (NA) on the Brønsted acid sites of M-ZSM-5 (M = H, Li and Na) zeolites have been investigated via the utilization of 10T cluster model by density functional calculations, at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level. Two A and B complexes with two types O(N)…M and NH…OZ interactions were predicted from adsorption of nitrosamine on the M-zeolite clusters. The comparison of interaction energies shows that the order of energies for adsorption of NA on the Brønsted acid site of M-ZSM-5 is Na Li < H for the A complexes and Li < H for the B complexes. The calculated adsorption enthalpy of NA on the Brønsted acid site of 10T cluster of M-ZSM-5 catalyst ranges from −14.41 to −52.95 kJ/mol. The acid strength of H-ZSM-5 was found to exceed those of the corresponding to the alkali metal ion-exchanged zeolites. The results reveal that the interaction between hydrogen of NA and OZ of framework is weaker than O(N)…M one. The NH…OZ and O(N)…HZ hydrogen bonds in these complexes are electrostatic and partially covalent in nature, respectively. The results of natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis showed that charge transfer occurs from NA to M-zeolite cluster.

  19. Ozonização como tecnologia pós-colheita na conservação de frutas e hortaliças: Uma revisão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline C. de S. Coelho

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available As podridões em frutas e hortaliças, resultantes da atividade de agentes fitopatogênicos e da senescência natural, acarretam perdas qualitativas e quantitativas e, em consequência, perdas econômicas. Este artigo tem, como objetivo, discutir a eficácia, os benefícios e os limites do emprego do ozônio (O3 enquanto agente sanitizante, na minimização da ocorrência de doenças fúngicas em produtos hortícolas. Neste contexto, a presente revisão bibliográfica realizada no banco de dados do SciELO e ScienceDirect, discute estudos encontrados sobre o emprego do ozônio e sua eficácia como agente sanitizante em alimentos. Desta forma, a revisão apresenta uma avaliação crítica das vantagens e desvantagens da ozonização, a contribuição e o impacto desta tecnologia para minimizar os danos e perdas pós-colheita, além do efeito desta tecnologia como uma alternativa ao uso do cloro, as formas de aplicação, o uso e segurança e a regulamentação do uso do ozônio na agroindústria.

  20. A Propósito de un Edificio en el Barrio Cívico de Santiago: La Ex Caja de Crédito Agrario / A building in the Civic Center in Santiago, Chile: Former Caja Agraria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahady Villanueva, Antonio

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Se indaga en uno de los edificios del Barrio Cívico, obra de René Aránguiz Saravia y Luis Muñoz Maluschka. Este último contribuyó al Barrio Cívico no sólo para efectos del mejor cumplimiento de las ideas de Karl Brunner y Carlos Vera, en su calidad de Jefe de la Sección de Urbanismo de la D.G.O.P., sino también desde algunas obra de arquitectura integrada al megaproyecto de diseño urbano del Barrio Cívico de Santiago en los años 1930./This article is about one of the buildings in the Civic Center of Santiago. This building was designed by René Aránguiz and Luis Muñoz. Muñoz was also the Chief of the Urbanism Department of the D. G. O. P. and contributed to the realization of the ideas of Karl Brunner and Carlos Vera, since this particular building is part of the Santiago Civic Center Mega project of 1930.

  1. Calculation of the Stabilization Energies of Oxidatively Damaged Guanine Base Pairs with Guanine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Miyazawa

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available DNA is constantly exposed to endogenous and exogenous oxidative stresses. Damaged DNA can cause mutations, which may increase the risk of developing cancer and other diseases. G:C-C:G transversions are caused by various oxidative stresses. 2,2,4-Triamino-5(2H-oxazolone (Oz, guanidinohydantoin (Gh/iminoallantoin (Ia and spiro-imino-dihydantoin (Sp are known products of oxidative guanine damage. These damaged bases can base pair with guanine and cause G:C-C:G transversions. In this study, the stabilization energies of these bases paired with guanine were calculated in vacuo and in water. The calculated stabilization energies of the Ia:G base pairs were similar to that of the native C:G base pair, and both bases pairs have three hydrogen bonds. By contrast, the calculated stabilization energies of Gh:G, which form two hydrogen bonds, were lower than the Ia:G base pairs, suggesting that the stabilization energy depends on the number of hydrogen bonds. In addition, the Sp:G base pairs were less stable than the Ia:G base pairs. Furthermore, calculations showed that the Oz:G base pairs were less stable than the Ia:G, Gh:G and Sp:G base pairs, even though experimental results showed that incorporation of guanine opposite Oz is more efficient than that opposite Gh/Ia and Sp.

  2. Pressurized HxCyOz Cells at ca. 250 °C: Potential and Challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg; Chatzichristodoulou, Christodoulos; Allebrod, Frank

    2013-01-01

    with (x,y,z) = (4,1,1), and dimethyl ether (DME) with (x,y,z) = (6,2,1). The temperature about 200 – 300 °C is of particular interest because if the direct electrochemical reduction products from electrolysis of H2O and CO2 mixtures are H2 and CO (syngas) then this temperature together with increased...... rate limiting processes are strongly thermal activated. Also, increased pressure may increase the electrode reaction rates. High pressure means increase energy density in gaseous products. Furthermore, as hydrocarbons, alcohols or ethers - in common denoted HxCyOz - are very convenient fuels, we have...... focus on cells that may have a potential of forming or using HxCyOz in electrolysis or fuel cell mode, respectively. Examples of HxCyOz are hydrogen with (x,y,z) = (2,0,0), carbon monoxide with (x,y,z) = (0,1,1), methane with (x,y,z) = (4,1,0), gasoline with approximately (x,y,z) = (18,8,0), methanol...

  3. Differential response to dexamethasone on the TXB2 release in guinea-pig alveolar macrophages induced by zymosan and cytokines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. E. Salgueiro

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Glucocorticosteroids reduce the production of inflammatory mediators but this effect may depend on the stimulus. We have compared the time course of the effect of dexamethasone on the thromboxane B2 (TXB2 release induced by cytokine stimulation and zymosan in guinea-pig alveolar macrophages. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α and opsonized zymosan (OZ, all stimulate TXB2 release. High concentrations of dexamethasone (1–10 μM inhibit the TXB2 production induced by both cytokines and OZ, but the time course of this response is different. Four hours of incubation with dexamethasone reduce the basal TXB2 release and that induced by IL-1β and TNF-α, but do not modify the TXB2 release induced by OZ. However, this stimulus was reduced after 24 h incubation. Our results suggest that the antiinflammatory activity of glucocorticosteroids shows some dependence on stimulus and, therefore, may have more than one mechanism involved.

  4. How commercial and ``violent'' video games can promote culturally sensitive science learning: some questions and challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwah, Helen

    2012-12-01

    In their paper, Muñoz and El-Hani propose to bring video games into science classrooms to promote culturally sensitive ethics and citizenship education. Instead of bringing "educational" games, Muñoz and El-Hani take a more creative route and include games such as Fallout 3® precisely because they are popular and they reproduce ideological and violent representations of gender, race, class, nationality, science and technology. However, there are many questions that arise in bringing these commercial video games into science classrooms, including the questions of how students' capacities for critical reflection can be facilitated, whether traditional science teachers can take on the role of using such games in their classrooms, and which video games would be most appropriate to use. In this response, I raise these questions and consider some of the challenges in order to further the possibility of implementing Muñoz and El-Hani's creative proposal for generating culturally sensitive science classrooms.

  5. Současný stav inspekcí palivových souborů na jaderných elektrárnách ve světě

    OpenAIRE

    Fendrychová, Michaela

    2014-01-01

    Bakalářská práce se zabývá problematikou poradiačního testování paliva jaderných elektráren. Testování ozářeného paliva je oblastí, které se dostává stále větší pozornosti kvůli její důležitosti pro zajištění bezpečného provozu elektrárny. Práce se zaměřuje na nejvýznamnější mechanismy vedoucí k poruchám paliva, metody inspekce paliva využívané při testování ozářeného paliva v prostorách jaderné elektrárny. Další oblastí práce jsou metody používané pro testování ozářeného paliva na elektrárně...

  6. Synthesis, Structural Characterization, and Field-Effect Transistor Properties of n-Channel Semiconducting Polymers Containing Five-Membered Heterocyclic Acceptors: Superiority of Thiadiazole Compared with Oxadiazole.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Huajie; Liu, Zhaoxia; Zhao, Zhiyuan; Zheng, Liping; Tan, Songting; Yin, Zhihong; Zhu, Chunguang; Liu, Yunqi

    2016-12-07

    Five-membered 1,3,4-oxadiazole (OZ) and 1,3,4-thiadiazole (TZ) heterocycle-based copolymers as active layer have long been ignored in solution-processable n-channel polymer field-effect transistors (PFETs) despite the long history of using OZ or TZ derivatives as the electron-injecting materials in organic light-emitting devices and their favorable electron affinities. Herein, we first report the synthesis and PFETs performance of two n-channel conjugated polymers bearing OZ- or TZ-based acceptor moieties, i.e., PNOZ and PNTZ, where simple thiophene units are utilized as the weak donors and additional alkylated-naphthalenediimides units are used as the second acceptors. A comparative study has been performed to reveal the effect of different heterocyclic acceptors on thermal properties, electronic properties, ordering structures, and carrier transport performance of the target polymers. It is found that both polymers possess low-lying LUMO values below -4.0 eV, indicating high electron affinity for both heterocycle-based polymers. Because of strong polarizable ability of sulfur atom in TZ heterocycle, PNTZ exhibits a red shift in maximal absorption and stronger molecular aggregation even in the diluted chlorobenzene solution as compared to the OZ-containing PNOZ. Surface morphological study reveals that a nodule-like surface with a rough surface morphology is observed clearly for PNOZ films, whereas PNTZ films display highly uniform surface morphology with well interconnected fiber-like polycrystalline grains. Investigation of PFETs performance indicates that both polymers afford air-stable n-channel transport characteristics. The uniform morphological structure and compact π-π stacking endow PNTZ with a high electron mobility of 0.36 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1), much higher than that of PNOZ (0.026 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1)). These results manifest the feasibility in improving electron-transporting property simply by tuning heteroatom substitutes in n-channel polymers; further

  7. Metabolismo de carbono de plantas cultivadas e o aumento de CO2 e de O3 atmosférico: situação e previsões

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Pimentel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A atividade de gases da atmosfera, principalmente os "Gases de Efeito Estufa" (GEE, como o vapor d'água, o gás carbônico, o metano, os óxidos de nitrogênio e o ozônio, passou a ser objeto de estudos devido ao seu aumento, causando as mudanças climáticas globais, como o aumento da temperatura do ar, secas e outras. Além do gás carbônico, está havendo aumento da emissão de Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis (COV na troposfera, além de óxidos de nitrogênio, que causam a produção de ozônio tóxico aos seres vivos. Este, o ozônio produzido em baixa altitude reduz a fotossíntese e produtividade de culturas sensíveis, como a soja e o algodão, culturas importantes no Brasil. O aumento substancial da concentração de gás carbônico na atmosfera, nos próximos anos, provavelmente causará aumento da fotossíntese e biomassa em plantas. Esse processo ocorrerá especialmente nas espécies arbóreas e gramíneas C3 e menos nas leguminosas e plantas C4. Entretanto, este aumento será menor que o previsto por estudos em ambiente controlado, segundo resultados de campo. Além disso, a maior concentração destes GEE na atmosfera causará aumento da temperatura do ar e redução da disponibilidade de água no solo, que podem anular o efeito benéfico e fertilizante do gás carbônico, especialmente quando associado ao efeito nocivo do aumento de ozônio na biosfera. Contudo, os estudos têm sido realizados em regiões temperadas, e pouco se sabe sobre a atividade do gás carbônico e ozônio, e seus efeitos sobre o metabolismo das plantas cultivadas, em regiões tropicais.

  8. Benchmarking Compound Methods (CBS-QB3, CBS-APNO, G3, G4, W1BD) against the Active Thermochemical Tables: Formation Enthalpies of Radicals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somers, Kieran P; Simmie, John M

    2015-08-20

    The 298.15 K formation enthalpies of 38 radicals with molecular formula CxHyOz have been computed via the atomization procedure using the five title methods. The computed formation enthalpies are then benchmarked against the values recommended in the Active Thermochemical Tables (ATcT). The accuracy of the methods have been interpreted in terms of descriptive statistics, including the mean-signed error, mean-unsigned error, maximum average deviation, 2σ uncertainties, and 2×root-mean-square-deviations (2RMSD). The results highlight the following rank order of accuracy for the methods studied G4 > G3 > W1BD > CBS-APNO > CBS-QB3. The findings of this work are also considered in light of a recent companion study, which took an identical approach to quantifying the accuracies of these methods for 48 closed-shell singlet CxHyOz compounds. A similar order of accuracies and precisions were observed therein: G3 > G4 > W1BD > CBS-APNO > CBS-QB3. Both studies highlight systematic biases/deviations from the ATcT for the methods investigated, which are discussed in some detail, with methods having clear tendencies to over- or underpredict the recommended formation enthalpies for radical and/or closed-shell CxHyOz compounds. We show that one can improve the accuracy of their computation, and simultaneously reduce the uncertainty, by taking unweighted average formation enthalpies from various combinations of methods used. The reader should note that the statistical analyses preceding these conclusions also highlight that these error cancellation effects are unique for closed-shell and radical species. By extension, these error-cancellation effects can be expected to be different for various homologous series and chemical functionalities and their closed- and open-shell subgroups. Hence, further benchmarking studies are advised for other homologous series, such that the scientists and engineers (e.g., combustion/atmospheric/astrochemical) who frequently use these methods can

  9. Changes in prices, sales, consumer spending, and beverage consumption one year after a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in Berkeley, California, US: A before-and-after study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan-Ibarra, Suzanne; Taillie, Lindsey Smith; Induni, Marta

    2017-01-01

    Background Taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) meant to improve health and raise revenue are being adopted, yet evaluation is scarce. This study examines the association of the first penny per ounce SSB excise tax in the United States, in Berkeley, California, with beverage prices, sales, store revenue/consumer spending, and usual beverage intake. Methods and findings Methods included comparison of pre-taxation (before 1 January 2015) and first-year post-taxation (1 March 2015–29 February 2016) measures of (1) beverage prices at 26 Berkeley stores; (2) point-of-sale scanner data on 15.5 million checkouts for beverage prices, sales, and store revenue for two supermarket chains covering three Berkeley and six control non-Berkeley large supermarkets in adjacent cities; and (3) a representative telephone survey (17.4% cooperation rate) of 957 adult Berkeley residents. Key hypotheses were that (1) the tax would be passed through to the prices of taxed beverages among the chain stores in which Berkeley implemented the tax in 2015; (2) sales of taxed beverages would decline, and sales of untaxed beverages would rise, in Berkeley stores more than in comparison non-Berkeley stores; (3) consumer spending per transaction (checkout episode) would not increase in Berkeley stores; and (4) self-reported consumption of taxed beverages would decline. Main outcomes and measures included changes in inflation-adjusted prices (cents/ounce), beverage sales (ounces), consumers’ spending measured as store revenue (inflation-adjusted dollars per transaction) in two large chains, and usual beverage intake (grams/day and kilocalories/day). Tax pass-through (changes in the price after imposition of the tax) for SSBs varied in degree and timing by store type and beverage type. Pass-through was complete in large chain supermarkets (+1.07¢/oz, p = 0.001) and small chain supermarkets and chain gas stations (1.31¢/oz, p = 0.004), partial in pharmacies (+0.45¢/oz, p = 0.03), and

  10. 髂骨螺钉在成人腰椎骨盆固定术中的置钉路径及参数分析%Pelvic fixation paths and nailing parameter analysis on iliac screws in the adult lumbar spine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧振华; 金昌洙; 张平

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveToexplore the approach of iliac screw in lumbar vertebra pelvis arthrodesis. Methods Randomly selected 20 pelvic CT scan images of male and female separately, by reconstruction of 64 row spiral CT thin layer scanning image converted into 3D images. Firstly, you can select the nail screws O as entry point. Respectively from point O to the anterior superior, anterior inferior and upper edge of the acetabulum of the pelvis 3.5 mm cut, three cutting plane (OX, OY, OZ) were obtained, measured the length and width of each screw channel plane.ResultsThe narrowest diameter of three cutting plane (OX, OY, OZ) were more than 7 mm, all can be implanted iliac screw. Nail length range: Male OX plane (101.0±22)mm, OY plane (122.3±6.5)mm, OZ plane (110.8±9.0)mm; women OX plane (92.9±23.9)mm, OY plane (113.0±11.7)mm, OZ plane (110.6±11.2)mm. Statistical results also showed that there were no significance in the deflection angle of tailward and outward declination angle of screw channel between females and males (P>0.05).ConclusionThrough the pelvis three cutting plane (OX, OY, OZ) are permitted to implant screw. Through anterior inferior iliac spine (OY) is theoretically better iliac screw inserted position in the fixation of lumbar sacral vertebra pelvis.%目的:探讨腰椎骨盆融合术中髂骨螺钉入路。方法随机抽调进行过CT骨盆扫描的男女成年患者图像各20份,将其64排CT薄层图像重建转换为三维立体图像。选取可以进钉的螺钉入点O,从O点分别向髂前上棘、髂前下棘、髋臼上缘最高点处切割骨盆,得出3个切割平面(OX、OY、OZ),测量每个平面的钉道长度及宽度。结果3个切割平面(OX、OY、OZ)在最窄横径超过7 mm的条件下,均可以置入髂骨钉。钉长范围为:男性OX平面为(101.0±22)mm,OY平面为(122.3±6.5)mm,OZ平面为(110.8±9.0)mm;女性OX平面为(92.9±23.9)mm,OY平面为(113.0±11.7)mm,OZ

  11. Topografia y reactividad del potencial evocado visual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Etcheberrigaray

    1988-09-01

    Full Text Available El aumento - reducción (A-R visual es evidente para las áreas centrales y exhibe diferencias hemisféricas. Este trabajo describe las características del potencial evocado visual (PEV en derivaciones occipitales y su relación con A-R central: 16 sujetos de sexo masculino, diestros, jóvenes y sanos recibieron flashes de 10 us, frec de 1/s a intensidades de 0.36, 0.72 y 1.44 joules mediante estimulador Grass PS2. Se registró derivaciones Cz, C3, C4, Oz, O1 y 02 referidas a mastoides mediante electrodos subdérmicos. Un computador Nicolet CA-1000 promedió 100 respuestas para cada intensidad. Se midió latencia y amplitud peak to peak de los complejos P1N1 y N1P2 y se calculó pendiente intensidad/amplitud mediante regresión lineal. 10 sujetos tuvieron pendiente mayor que 0 en vertex (aumentadores y 6 menor (reductores. P1N1 presenta reducción y asimetría hemisférica en Cz, que no se observa en Oz. Los aumentadores de N1P2 a nivel de Cz son reductores a nivel de, Oz y viceversa. Se discuten estos hallazgos en relación a las etapas en el procesamiento de la información visual y la significación funcional de los componentes del PEV.

  12. Impact on plate waste of switching from a tray to a trayless delivery system in a university dining hall and employee response to the switch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiagarajah, Krisha; Getty, Victoria M

    2013-01-01

    A potential strategy for decreasing food waste in foodservice operations is trayless dining. The objective of this 2010 study was to compare the impact of using a tray vs a trayless system on plate waste and on employees' attitudes. To test the hypothesis that going trayless would reduce waste, liquid and solid plate waste were measured for 1 week with the then-existing tray system and again after a new trayless system was implemented in a buffet-style university dining hall serving roughly1,000 meals a day. Foodservice staff were invited to participate in a focus group about the impact on their jobs. The investigators calculated plate waste per patron under the two systems and used an independent samples t test to examine the significance of the difference. Comments from the focus group were analyzed for themes. A significant decrease in solid waste per patron (0.81 oz; P=0.001) was observed in switching from the tray to the trayless system (4.39 ± 0.24 oz vs 3.58 ± 0.08 oz per patron). A nonsignificant reduction was observed with liquid waste (49.77 ± 2.62 mL vs 46.36 ± 4.51 mL; P=0.18). Most of the employees preferred the trayless system as long as it did reduce waste, but felt that increased breakage of dishware and increased need to wipe down tables were possible concerns resulting from the switch. This study demonstrates that trayless dining can reduce plate waste, and that employees can be supportive of the change.

  13. Protective effect of oryzanol isolated from crude rice bran oil in experimental model of diabetic neuropathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somsuvra B. Ghatak

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Several studies have implicated the involvement of poor glycemic control and oxidative/nitrosative stress in the development of diabetic neuropathic pain, an important microvascular complication affecting more than 50% of diabetic patients. However, lack of understanding of the underlying etiology, development of tolerance, inadequate relief and possible toxicity associated with classical analgesics warrant the investigation of the novel agents. Therefore, the present study was carried out to investigate the effect of oryzanol (OZ, a commercially-important potent antioxidant component isolated from from crude rice bran oil (cRBO, in streptozotocin (STZ-induced diabetic neuropathy in rats. After eight weeks, diabetic rats developed neuropathy which was evident from decreased tail-flick latency (thermal hyperalgesia and increased nociceptive behavior during the formalin test. This was accompanied by decreased motor coordination based on the evaluation of neuromuscular strength. Na+ K+ ATPase, a biochemical marker associated with the development of diabetic neuropathy, was significantly inhibited in the sciatic nerve of diabetic animals. The activities of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation levels were significantly elevated in diabetic rats, indicating the involvement of oxidative stress in diabetic neuropathy. Chronic treatment with oryzanol (OZ (50 and 100 mg/kg per oral (p.o. and standard drug glibenclamide (Gl (10 mg/kg, p.o. significantly attenuated the behavioral as well as biochemical changes associated with diabetic neuropathy. The findings provide experimental evidence to the protective effects of OZ on hyperglycemia-induced thermal hyperalgesia and oxidative stress which might be responsible for diabetes induced nerve damage.

  14. Risk of Colon Cancer and Coffee, Tea, and Sugar-Sweetened Soft Drink Intake: Pooled Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xuehong; Albanes, Demetrius; Beeson, W. Lawrence; van den Brandt, Piet A.; Buring, Julie E.; Flood, Andrew; Freudenheim, Jo L.; Giovannucci, Edward L.; Goldbohm, R. Alexandra; Jaceldo-Siegl, Karen; Jacobs, Eric J.; Krogh, Vittorio; Larsson, Susanna C.; Marshall, James R.; McCullough, Marjorie L.; Miller, Anthony B.; Robien, Kim; Rohan, Thomas E.; Schatzkin, Arthur; Sieri, Sabina; Spiegelman, Donna; Virtamo, Jarmo; Wolk, Alicja; Willett, Walter C.; Zhang, Shumin M.

    2010-01-01

    Background The relationships between coffee, tea, and sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drink consumption and colon cancer risk remain unresolved. Methods We investigated prospectively the association between coffee, tea, and sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drink consumption and colon cancer risk in a pooled analysis of primary data from 13 cohort studies. Among 731 441 participants followed for up to 6–20 years, 5604 incident colon cancer case patients were identified. Study-specific relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models and then pooled using a random-effects model. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results Compared with nonconsumers, the pooled multivariable relative risks were 1.07 (95% CI = 0.89 to 1.30, Ptrend = .68) for coffee consumption greater than 1400 g/d (about six 8-oz cups) and 1.28 (95% CI = 1.02 to 1.61, Ptrend = .01) for tea consumption greater than 900 g/d (about four 8-oz cups). For sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drink consumption, the pooled multivariable relative risk comparing consumption greater than 550 g/d (about 18 oz) to nonconsumers was 0.94 (95% CI = 0.66 to 1.32, Ptrend = .91). No statistically significant between-studies heterogeneity was observed for the highest category of each beverage consumed (P > .20). The observed associations did not differ by sex, smoking status, alcohol consumption, body mass index, physical activity, or tumor site (P > .05). Conclusions Drinking coffee or sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drinks was not associated with colon cancer risk. However, a modest positive association with higher tea consumption is possible and requires further study. PMID:20453203

  15. A technique for monitoring SO2 in combustion exhausts: Use of a non-Nernstian sensing element in combination with an upstream catalytic filter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    West, David L [ORNL; Montgomery, Fred C [ORNL; Armstrong, Timothy R. [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    Detection of sulfur dioxide (SO2) at high temperature (600 750 oC) in the presence of some interferents found in typical combustion exhausts (oxides of nitrogen (NO2 and NO, "NOx"), CO2, CO, and hydrocarbon (C3H6)) is described. The detection scheme involves use of a catalytic filter in front of a non-Nernstian sensing element. The catalytic filter was a Ni:Cr powder bed operating at 850 oC and the sensing elements were pairs of platinum (Pt) and oxide (Ba-promoted copper chromite ((Ba,Cu)xCryOz) and Sr-modified lanthanum ferrite (LSF)) electrodes on yttria-stabilized zirconia. The Ni:Cr powder bed was capable of reducing the sensing element response to NOx, CO, and C3H6, but the presence of NOx (100 ppm by volume) still interfered with the SO2 response of the Pt-(Ba,Cu)xCryOz sensing element at 600 oC, causing approximately a 7 mV (20%) reduction in the response to 120 ppm SO2 and a response equivalent to about 20 ppm SO2 in the in the absence of SO2. The Pt-LSF sensing element, operated at 750 oC, did not suffer from this NOx interference but at the cost of a reduced SO2 response magnitude (120 ppm SO2 yielded ~10 mV, in contrast to ~30 mV for the Pt-(Ba,Cu)xCryOz sensing element). The powder bed and Pt-LSF sensing element were operated continuously over approximately 350 hours, and the response to SO2 drifted downward by about 7%, with most of this change occurring during the initial 100 hours of operation.

  16. Effect of diet orange soda on urinary lithogenicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumorok, Nicola T; Asplin, John R; Eisner, Brian H; Stoller, Marshall L; Goldfarb, David S

    2012-06-01

    Studies have shown that certain beverages decrease urinary lithogenicity by increasing urine citrate excretion. Diet Sunkist Orange soda had the highest concentration of citrate and total alkali content among 12 diet sodas previously assayed. We studied the effect of Diet Sunkist Orange soda consumption on urinary chemistry. Nine healthy men and women ages 26-54 years completed the study. During the control period, subjects drank 36 oz of water for 3 days in addition to their own, self-selected diet and recorded a food diary. During the study period, the subjects drank three 12-oz cans of Diet Sunkist Orange soda a day instead of water, and replicated their diets from the control period. In each period, the subjects performed 24-h urine collections on days 2 and 3. Urine chemical analysis was performed, including urinary citrate levels and pH. Diet Sunkist Orange soda increased urinary citrate excretion by 60 mg/day, which was not statistically significant (95% CI -75 to 195, P value 0.34). There was no significant change in pH from the control period to the study period (pH: 6.29-6.21; 95% CI: -0.09 to 0.25, P = 0.30). Urine volumes and creatinine excretions were not significantly different between the control and study periods. Despite the relatively high citrate and total alkali content of Diet Sunkist Orange soda, the volume consumed in this study (36 oz per day) did not provide sufficient potential base to significantly alter urine composition in healthy subjects with normocitraturia. The effect of Diet Sunkist Orange soda on urinary chemistry in patients with hypocitraturia and nephrolithiasis is not likely to have a clinically significant effect to prevent calcium or uric acid stones.

  17. The hypocholesterolemic effects of beta-glucan in oatmeal and oat bran. A dose-controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, M H; Dugan, L D; Burns, J H; Bova, J; Story, K; Drennan, K B

    1991-04-10

    Oat cereals rich in the water-soluble fiber beta-glucan have been studied as a dietary therapy for hypercholesterolemia. To determine the hypocholesterolemic response of beta-glucan in the diet, 156 adults with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels above 4.14 mmol/L (160 mg/dL) or between 3.37 and 4.14 mmol/L (130 and 160 mg/dL) with multiple risk factors were randomized to one of seven groups. Six groups received either oatmeal or oat bran at doses (dry weight) of 28 g (1 oz), 56 g (2 oz), and 84 g (3 oz). A seventh group received 28 g of farina (beta-glucan control). At week 6 of treatment, significant differences were found for both total cholesterol and LDL-C levels among the farina control and the treatment groups who were receiving 84 g of oatmeal, 56 g of oat bran, and 84 g of oat bran, with decreases in LDL-C levels of 10.1%, 15.9%, and 11.5%, respectively. Fifty-six grams of oat bran resulted in significantly greater reductions in LDL-C levels than 56 g of oatmeal. Nutrient analysis shows no difference in dietary fat content between these treatment groups; therefore, the higher beta-glucan content of oat bran most likely explains the significantly greater LDL-C reductions. A dose-dependent reduction in LDL-C levels with oat cereals supports the independent hypocholesterolemic effects of beta-glucan.

  18. Nuevas tendencias en traducción e identidad cultural

    OpenAIRE

    García Landa, José Ángel

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo es una reseña y comentario por extenso del libro NEW TRENDS IN TRANSLATION AND CULTURAL IDENTITY, ed. Micaela Muñoz-Calvo, Carmen Buesa-Gómez, y M. Ángeles Ruiz-Moneva (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008). 459 p. Los treinta capítulos del libro proporcionan una introducción panorámica a muchos problemas y cuestiones relativas a la teoría y práctica de la traducción, en una amplia variedad de contextos culturales y comunicativos. Este volumen interesará especialmente a est...

  19. A Pulse Code Modulated Fiber Optic Link Design for Quinault Under-Water Tracking Range.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    Thermal noise is white noise occurring in all conduting materials. It is a consequence of the random motion of electrons through a conductor...square thermal N2 noise (Johnson). Shot noise is caused by the random fluctuations in the rate of arrival of the electrons at the collecting electrode... Thermal noise is given by: 4kTe Afe=(9)iN2 L, 75 CN - ,-1 (II o __ 4z a: 00 Q) CNJ> (- ~cJQo IL 0ozUL -1 I z C " co Wj(LU -j CL4 C- (D) z -i t- - C) 0D go

  20. Design Study for an Actively Terrain-Adaptive Off-Road Vehicle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-03

    MILLISEC .3 SPEED REGULATION AT CONSTANT TERM VOLTAGE (2) RM 5.9 RPM/OZ IN 5.0 THERMAL RESISTANCE 5.1 MOUNTED ON ALUM HEAT SINK(8"x16"x3/0 " ) 5.1.1 ARMATURE...the leeat of the demagnetization limit, the structural limit and the thermal limit. lt t calculated for saw. Pulse duration of 50 msee. and I Percent...IN FROM UNIT 5 GAUSS MAX. MAX. SHAFT SPEED 6000. RPM COOLING BY NATURAL CONVECTION TO AMBIENT AIR AND BY CONDUTION TO MOTOR MOUNT. MOUNT HEAT SINK

  1. DIGITALNO MARKETINŠKO KOMUNICIRANJE V PODJETJU SIMOBIL D.D.

    OpenAIRE

    Cajnko, Katja

    2015-01-01

    Digitalni marketing oz. marketinško komuniciranje je relativno nov tehnološki izraz, ki je izbruhnil v svet industrije. Opredelimo ga lahko kot promocijsko izpostavljenost izdelkov ali svetovnih blagovnih znamk skozi eno ali več oblik družbenega mreženja. Povzroča pravi gospodarski razcvet, medtem ko so tradicionalne marketinške metode postale manj dobičkonosne in zastarele ter se v veliki večini osredinjajo samo na televizijske in časopisne oglase. Njegov obstoj ne gre jemati kot luksuzen...

  2. Psychophysiological Effects of Aging: Developing a Functional Age Index for Pilots: I. A Survey of the Pertinent Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-04-01

    flicker and flicker-fusion frequency also vary tone perception. Recent research inl this area 16 6.2 14 7.1 13 MNMM.7.7 12 MEN-8.3 27 4 .0 Z C 10 10.0 OZ...their former efficiency. were still on intellectual functioning showed a slight insignifi- par in some areas with the average young person. cant rise...gelldpe- funcion on mout o REMsle) intheage sure correlation. H encie. they concludedl that the indlicatedl that C.NS functions are involved in trend

  3. Military Adaptation of Kevlar for Portable Bridge Reinforcement Cables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-18

    34I o COS N .,AD AZT e £tC rg Ro OE -- COx xp"C~vs AT,;~r FsOZ ,,cc RCP fyJ s.. s . Tot .aIO IE .. r, 4 4o, , O f- S,. 4 01 T S- LACOAst...I.4 1 -1COVLP , L0 OILL LfAa 79aI (6.115 -0jjj~11 e’l(4 Pit 1, ChiC CLIP .OVLOL 30 TINESSTE 14JAE3 .- S55 Mies$IL DV ALL-q "IJ2RS *"Si S&JItP coam F

  4. Análisis argumentativo de la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional en el caso PUCP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix Morales Luna

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Analizar la argumentación jurídica contenida en la sentencia recaída en el Expediente 03347-2009-PA/TC expedida por el Tribunal Constitucional del Perú el pasado 17 de marzo de 2010, y suscrita por cuatro magistrados, a propósito del recurso de agravio constitucional presentado por la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú contra la sentencia de la Octava Sala Civil de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Lima en la controversia que mantiene contra el señor Walter Muñoz Cho

  5. [The practice of medicine in 1910].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viesca-Treviño, Carlo

    2010-01-01

    The aim is to describe the environmental and the practice of the medicine around the 1910, year of the Mexican Revolution. Prominent physicians and theirs contributions are describe. All of them from the Mexican clinical school development by Manuel Carpio and Miguel Jiménez. It is stand out the progress of the Mexican medicine with the incorporation of the European advances into the daily practice. It is also describe the development and contemporary practice of surgery of the Mexican surgery school forced by surgeons like Miguel Muñoz, Francisco Montes de Oca and Rafael Lavista.

  6. Magnetic Exchange Interactions in the Linear Chain Chromium (III) Compounds Catena-Fluorophthalocyaninato chromium (III) and Catena-Cyanophthalocyaninato chromium (III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    exchange theory as described by the Hamiltonian N-1 8 = -2J s1" Sj~1i=l is expected to be applicable. Weng 4 has provided the necessary results for...These compounds have a triple chain structure, 9 and a Hamiltonian with nearest neighbor, and next-nearest neighbor exchange is required for a precise...ion is (o- b)2(0*)2(xb)4(oz b) 2, and there are low- lying unoccupied molecular orbitals. The most important LUMO is Xx~y •* Cyano-bridged chains and

  7. Que lleva

    OpenAIRE

    Kulikov, Luciano

    2012-01-01

    En Que lleva, para ensamble, no hay un concepto que explique la obra en su totalidad, sino que se parte de varias ideas, utilizadas en diferentes grados, a lo largo de la pieza. Estrenada el 4 de diciembre de 2012, en la Sala Ambrosio Aliverti, en La Plata, interpretada por: Laura Borrajo (fl), Ana Vocaturo (cl), Alejandro Navone (trpt), Emiliano Alonso (perc I), Lucio Osorio (perc II), Javier Ledesma (perc III), Francisco Nápoli (gtr c [preparada] y gtr e [preparada], Lucas Muñoz (vib), Caro...

  8. Vpliv telesnih sprememb na psihično stanje bolnikov zdravljenih s citostatiki

    OpenAIRE

    Brezočnik, Jasmina

    2013-01-01

    Izhodišča Velika pomanjkljivost citostatikov je, da ne kvarijo samo rakastih celic, temveč uničujejo, oz. poškodujejo tudi celice zdravih tkiv, zlasti tistih, katerih celice se hitro razmnožujejo. To vpliva na nastanek neželenih učinkov citostatskega zdravljenja. Nekateri neželeni učinki citostatskega zdravljenja, tisti, ki so vidni tudi drugim, kot je npr. izpadanje las, lahko vplivajo na bolnikovo psihično stanje. Namen V diplomskem delu želim predstaviti zdravljenje s citostatik...

  9. Caracterización de la motivación por la asignatura de matemática en los estudiantes de la carrera de Optometría y Óptica

    OpenAIRE

    Esperanza Mercedes Díaz Rodríguez; Yadira de las Mercedes Rivero Hernánde; Enrique Tauler Villafruela; Vivian Vicet Isaac; Alina Velázquez Amador

    2015-01-01

    La necesidad de motivar a los estudiantes por el aprendizaje en las diferentes asignaturas constituye un eslabón fundamental en el proceso docente educativo. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo para caracterizar la motivación por la asignatura de Matemática en los estudiantes de la carrera de Optometría y Óptica. Para ello se realizó un diagnóstico a 20 estudiantes del tercer año de la referida carrera, en la Filial de Ciencias Médicas “Mario Muñoz Monroy”, perteneciente a la Universidad de Cie...

  10. Antecedentes y acciones emprendidas en la universitat politècnica de valència en materia de igualdad

    OpenAIRE

    Santamarina Siurana, Mª Pilar; Cerdá Hernández, Mª Rosa; Quilis Nadal, Mª Amparo; Muñoz Gonzalo, Ana Mª

    2011-01-01

    Se concreta la visión de la UPV como institución dinámica, capaz de hacer frente de manera ágil y activa a las demandas sociales, contribuyendo al crecimiento y al progreso a la vez que participa como motor y garante de los cambios de una sociedad en constante proceso de evolución asegurando el enriquecimiento de la misma. Santamarina Siurana, MP.; Cerdá Hernández, MR.; Quilis Nadal, MA.; Muñoz Gonzalo, AM. (2011). Antecedentes y acciones emprendidas en la universitat politècnica de valènc...

  11. Genetic Induction of Cytolytic Susceptibility in Breast Cancer Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-07-01

    27, 3492-3498. 77. Schroter, M., Lowin, B., Borner, C., and Tschopp, J. (1995). 60. Memon, S. A., Moreno , M. B., Petrak, D., and Zacharchuk, C. M...Tanya Miura,* Alicia Kuhl,* Terry A. Potter,t•¶ and James L. Cookll Expression of the adenovirus serotype 5 (AdM) ElA oncogene sensitizes cells to...Manos, M. M., Mu~oz, N., Sherman, M., Jansen, A M., Peto, ther T cells or NK cells (Wang et aL, 1994). Quantitative J., Schiffman, M. H., Moreno , V

  12. Geometry, algebra and applications from mechanics to cryptography

    CERN Document Server

    Encinas, Luis; Gadea, Pedro; María, Mª

    2016-01-01

    This volume collects contributions written by different experts in honor of Prof. Jaime Muñoz Masqué. It covers a wide variety of research topics, from differential geometry to algebra, but particularly focuses on the geometric formulation of variational calculus; geometric mechanics and field theories; symmetries and conservation laws of differential equations, and pseudo-Riemannian geometry of homogeneous spaces. It also discusses algebraic applications to cryptography and number theory. It offers state-of-the-art contributions in the context of current research trends. The final result is a challenging panoramic view of connecting problems that initially appear distant.

  13. ESPECÍMENES TIPO DE MAMÍFEROS EN LA COLECCIÓN DEL INSTITUTO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES, UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HÉCTOR E. RAMÍREZ-CHAVES

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una lista anotada de los especímenes tipo de mamíferos depositados en la colección del Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia (ICN. Este trabajo adiciona nueve holotipos y 33 paratipos al catálogo de los tipos nomen- claturales depositados en la colección de mamíferos del ICN publicado por Cadena y Muñoz-Saba, 2007. A la fecha, la colección de mamíferos del ICN cuenta con 15 holo- tipos y 44 paratipos pertenecientes a 18 taxones.

  14. Reference: 706 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available et al. 2008 Jan. Plant Cell Physiol. 49(1):2-10. To understand better the plant response to ozone, we isola...ted and characterized an ozone-sensitive (ozs1) mutant strain from a set of T-DNA-tagged Arabidopsis thalian...a ecotype Columbia. The mutant plants show enhanced sensitivity to ozone, desicca...vels. The T-DNA was inserted at a single locus which is linked to ozone sensitivity. Identification of the g...h either of two different T-DNA insertions in this gene were also sensitive to ozone, and these plants faile

  15. Airport Activity Statistics of Certificated Route Air Carriers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-31

    CaielailIbIn1kg High Poit. Q ---. - Gronsbors/igh Point/Winston.ahig. BMVt Moolef/Brr. Hollemn AMD N. Mim -- Alfllbdo/Boliimen AID Salida Crosk. KI& -- Kaiaueaoo...Airlins, Inc. 1 Aeromech, Inc. KC 4 2 AK Altair Airlines, Inc. 2 Air California Inc. OC 2 a AL U.S. Air, ie., d&a U.S. Air 8 Air Florida, Inc. QE 2 1>4 AS...OC Air California , Inc. 36 Mid-South Aviation, Inc. VL 4 37 OZ Ozark Air Lines, Inc. 37 Midway Airlines, ic. 1L 3 38 PA Pan American World Airways

  16. Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) for Flight Testing (Global Positioning System Differentiel (DGPS) pour les Essais en vol)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    φ < 80° – 4.5 dB 80°≤ φ < 85° – 7.5 dB φ = 90° @ Horizon Weight: 3 oz. Thickness: 0.404 in. Diameter: 3.5 in. Material: Aluminium ... 6061 – T61 / Plastic Cover Connector: TNC Temperature: – 67 °F ÷ 185 °F Vibrations: 10 Gs Height: 55000 ft 4.3.2 Aviation Products...installed on an aluminium -alloy plate. The telemetry antennas were placed at distances of 70 cm and 27 cm respectively from the GPS antenna, in order to

  17. Académico Dr. Gilberto Ángel Mejia (1922- 2008.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Manuel Salamanca Solís

    2008-06-01

    En su vida y como Académico se distinguió por la voluntad de servicio a la Academia, a la comunidad, a los colegas, al laboratorio y a la profesión médica en general, en el marco de la ética y la responsabilidad. El 30 de noviembre de 2007 la Academia de Medicina del Valle del Cauca reconoció su vida y obra al conferirle la Condecoración Medalla Saulo Muñoz Delgado en el marco del día Panamericano del Médico -Homenaje a Médicos Ilustres Vallecaucanos-

  18. Efecto adicional de una terapia multimodal en el tratamiento de pacientes con trastornos temporomandibulares /

    OpenAIRE

    Espinosa de Santillana, Irene Aurora sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Ciencias Medicas Odontológicas y de la Salud, presenta Irene Aurora Espinosa de Santillana ; asesor María del Carmen Lara Muñoz, María Asunción Lara Cantú, Manuel Saavedra García. 110 páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Ciencias Medicas Odontológicas y de la Salud UNAM, Facultad de Medicina, 2009

  19. Identidad urbana y arquitectura patrimonial iquiqueña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Adriana Gebauer Muñoz

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Para hablar de identidad en Iquique, es necesario referirse tanto a los orígenes de su arquitectura como a sus transformaciones y para ello es oportuno considerar como referencia dos investigaciones realizadas por el Equipo Domus Consultores con motivo del desarrollo del "Seccional Puerto El Morro" y "Estudio y Rehabilitación de la Calle Baquedano de Iquique" realizados por los arquitectos María Adriana Gebauer Muñoz y Eugenio Gutiérrez Leyton para el Ministerio de la Vivienda y Urbanismo de la I Región.

  20. Performance of Commercially Available Flame Arrestors for Butane/Air and Gasoline/Air Mixtures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-09-01

    Model TBA16-3-O-3, 465 SCFM, 16 oz. capacity) by way of a 4-inch diameter by 4-feet long pipe which incorporates a Meriam Model 50MY15-4 Laminar...fuel supply tank incorporated a Meriam Model 50W20 1F LFE flowmeter, a Jenkins manual throttling valve, a manual shut-off cock, an ASCO 8210854 solenoid... Meriam Model A-844 manometer used to measure the pressure drop. Air temperature was measured using a Grounded sheath type thermocouple (Omega Type CAIN

  1. Desarrollo de metodologías de extracción y microextracción combinadas con sistemas cromatográficos para la determinación de fármacos y productos de cuidado personal en muestras ambientales

    OpenAIRE

    Montesdeoca-Esponda, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Programa de doctorado en oceanografía Departamento de Química Tesis europea Presidente del tribunal Arsenio Muñoz de la Peña Castrillo (Universidad de Extremadura), como Secretario, Argimiro Rivero Rosales (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria) y como vocales, Jose Luis Eiroa Martínez (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria), Stefano Girotti (Universidad de Bolonia, Italia) y Soledad Rubio Soledad Rubio Bravo (Universidad de Córdoba) Premio Extraordinario de Doctorado. Ram...

  2. On a nonlinear gravitational wave. Geodesics

    CERN Document Server

    Culetu, Hristu

    2016-01-01

    An exact, plane wave solution of the gravitational field equations is investigated. The source stress tensor is represented by an anisotropic null fluid with energy flux to which the energy density $\\rho$ and the pressure $p_{z}$ are negative but finite throughout the spacetime. They depend on a constant length (taken of the order of the Planck length) and acquire Planck values close to the null surface $t - z = 0$, $Oz$ axis being the direction of propagation. The timelike geodesics of a test particle are contained in a plane whose normal has constant direction and the null trajectories are comoving with a plane of fixed direction.

  3. CHARACTERIZATION OF MIXED GAS PERMEATION THROUGH HOLLOW FIBERS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    IntroductionWith the development of membrane science andtechnology' membrane-based gas separation processeshave been emeopd as an efficient effective and areliable alternative in some applications of gastreatmentS, such as the purification of ~l gas andII-31.the enricboeat of either OZ orNZ from air.Criteria to evaluate membrane modules involvein many factors. It is doubtless that the permutionand selectivity for interest6d gases are the most keyParameters in asseSsing the potential of a membrmePermeator fo...

  4. Modelling soil organic carbon stocks along topographic transects under climate change scenarios using CarboSOIL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotb Abd-Elmabod, Sameh; Muñoz-Rojas, Miriam; Jordán, Antonio; Anaya-Romero, María; de la Rosa, Diego

    2014-05-01

    CarboSOIL is a land evaluation model for soil organic carbon (SOC) accounting under global change scenarios (Muñoz-Rojas et al., 2013a; 2013b) and is a new component of the MicroLEIS Decision Support System. MicroLEIS is a tool for decision-makers dealing with specific agro-ecological problems as, for example, soil contamination risks (Abd-Elmabod et al., 2010; Abd-Elmabod et al., 2012)which has been designed as a knowledge-based approach incorporating a set of interlinked data bases. Global change and land use changes in recent decades have caused relevant impacts in vegetation carbon stocks (Muñoz-Rojas et al., 2011) and soil organic carbon stocks, especially in sensible areas as the Mediterranean region (Muñoz-Rojas et al., 2012a; 2012b). This study aims to investigate the influence of topography, climate, land use and soil factors on SOC stocks by the application of CarboSOIL in a representative area of the Mediterranean region (Seville, Spain). Two topographic transects (S-N and W-E oriented) were considered, including 63 points separated 4 km each. These points are associated to 41 soil profiles extracted from the SDBm soil data base (De la Rosa et al., 2001) and climatic information (average minimum temperature, average maximum temperature and average rainfall per month) extracted from raster data bases (Andalusian Environmental Information Network, REDIAM). CarboSOIL has been applied along topographic transects at different soil depths and under different climate change scenarios. Climate scenarios have been calculated according to the global climate model (CNRMCM3) by extracting spatial climate data under IPCC A1B scenario for the current period (average data from 1960-2000), 2040, 2070 and 2100. In the current scenario, results show that the highest SOC stock values located on Typic Haploxeralfs under olive groves for soil sections 0-25 cm and for 25-50 cm, but the highest values were determined on fruit-cropped Rendolic Xerothent in the 50-75cm

  5. Pogodba o zdravljenju

    OpenAIRE

    Čater, Amadej

    2016-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi je obravnavana pogodba o zdravljenju. Pogodba o zdravljenju je inominatna pogodba obligacijskega prava, ki v pravnih virih Republike Slovenije ni neposredno urejena. Gre za dvostransko oz. bilateralno sinalgmatično pogodbo, ki je lahko odplačna ali neodplačna. Stranki pogodbe sta zdravnik in pacient, kjer prvi s svojim znanjem in strokovnimi metodami skuša ozdraviti drugega ali pa mu nudi določeno medicinsko storitev. Skleneta jo lahko izrecno, s podpisom pogodbe o zdravlje...

  6. Enseñanza/aprendizaje de habilidades socio-comunicativas en el síndrome de Asperger

    OpenAIRE

    Ribao Rodrigo, Susana; Francisco J. Rodríguez Muñoz

    2011-01-01

    En este artículo proponemos cinco unidades de intervención destinadas a profesionales en síndrome de Asperger, como complemento a una investigación anterior (Rodríguez-Muñoz y Ridao, 2011) donde fueron descritos los contenidos y resultados obtenidos en un curso en línea sobre Dinámicas y estrategias comunicativas para profesionales en síndrome de Asperger. Tras reflexionar sobre las necesidades socio-educativas de los últimos años, definimos brevemente el síndrome de Asperger y la...

  7. PRI TEBI NE BO SMELO BITI REVEŽA (5 MZ 15,4)

    OpenAIRE

    Skralovnik, Samo

    2009-01-01

    V obravnavanih mezopotamskih zakonikih, to so Ur-Nammujev, Lipit-Ištarjev, zakonik mesta Ešnunn in Hammurabijev, nobeden od omenjenih zakonodajalcev v pravnem besedilu ne omeni reveža. Zapišejo sicer nekaj besednih zvez, ki se temu približajo, kakor npr. človek v denarni stiski, vendar sama beseda revež ostaja neizrečena. Ob tem se moramo zavedati, da to dejstvo ni posledica šibkega besednega zaklada sumerščine oz. akadščine. Še več, opazimo lahko, da epilog Ur-Nammujevega ter prolog Hammurab...

  8. Ad Duwayhi, Saudi Arabia: Geology and geochronology of a neoproterozoic intrusion-related gold system in the Arabian shield

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doebrich, Jeff L.; Zahony, S.G.; Leavitt, J.D.; Portacio, J.S.; Siddiqui, A.A.; Wooden, Joseph L.; Fleck, Robert J.; Stein, Holly J.

    2004-01-01

    The Ad Duwayhi gold deposit, located in the east-central part of the Arabian shield, is the newest gold discovery in Saudi Arabia. Exploration to date has identified a gold resource of greater than 1 million ounces (oz) with significant potential for expansion. Gold mineralization was closely associated, in time and space, with emplacement of a late- to postorogenic, intracrustal, northwest-oriented granite body (659 ± 7 Ma) and comagmatic square quartz porphyry (646 ± 11 Ma), a hypabyssal and perhaps younger phase of the granite.

  9. A Revolute Joint With Linear Load-Displacement Response for Precision Deployable Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lake, Mark S.; Warren, Peter A.; Peterson, Lee D.

    1996-01-01

    NASA Langley Research center is developing key structures and mechanisms technologies for micron-accuracy, in-space deployment of future space instruments. Achieving micron-accuracy deployment requires significant advancements in deployment mechanism design such as the revolute joint presented herein. The joint presented herein exhibits a load-cycling response that is essentially linear with less than two percent hysteresis, and the joint rotates with less than one in.-oz. of resistance. A prototype reflector metering truss incorporating the joint exhibits only a few microns of kinematic error under repeated deployment and impulse loading. No other mechanically deployable structure found in literature has been demonstrated to be this kinematically accurate.

  10. Aplicación de herramientas DevOps en entornos de Desarrollo Web

    OpenAIRE

    MUÑOZ MARÍN, SIMÓN

    2015-01-01

    A lo largo del proyecto presentaremos la problemática a las que se enfrentan gran parte de las empresas de desarrollo web, con la gestión de los distintos entornos dónde se codifican y ejecutan sus aplicaciones. Para solucionarlo, introduciremos el movimiento DevOps y cómo herramientas creadas en torno al mismo como VirtualBox, Vagrant y Ansible, nos permiten redefinir la forma de trabajar de estas empresas y aumentar su productividad en el camino. Muñoz Marín, S. (2015). Aplic...

  11. Servando Teresa de Mier y sus polémicas cartas a la Ilustración española

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana Rosetti

    2012-01-01

    El presente artículo analiza la particular modulación de la figura del letrado criollo que desplegó Servando Teresa de Mier en sus cartas dirigidas al historiador Juan Bautista Muñoz y al periodista sevillano José María Blanco White. Estas cartas configuraron un moderno locus de enunciación letrado que le permitió a Mier editar el saber ilustrado español tanto sobre la tradición religiosa novohispana como sobre la capacidad política de los americanos frente a la crisis institucional suscitada...

  12. The 2014 FDA assessment of commercial fish: practical considerations for improved dietary guidance

    OpenAIRE

    McGuire, Jennifer; Kaplan, Jason; Lapolla, John; Kleiner, Rima

    2016-01-01

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently released its report: A Quantitative Assessment of the Net Effects on Fetal Neurodevelopment from Eating Commercial Fish (As Measured by IQ and also by Early Age Verbal Development in Children). By evaluating the benefits and potential concerns of eating fish during pregnancy and breastfeeding, the analysis suggests that pregnant women consuming two seafood meals (8–12 oz) per week could provide their child with an additional 3.3 IQ points b...

  13. Dos aproximaciones basadas en reglas para la gestión del diálogo

    OpenAIRE

    Griol Barres, David; Hurtado Oliver, Lluís Felip; Sanchis Arnal, Emilio; Segarra Soriano, Encarnación

    2005-01-01

    El objetivo principal del artículo es presentar dos modelos de gestión del diálogo basados en reglas, diseñados a partir de la estrategia utilizada para adquirir un corpus mediante la técnica del Mago de Oz y fundamentados en la utilización de medidas de confianza para la detección y corrección de errores. Este trabajo se enmarca dentro del Proyecto DIHANA, que tiene como objetivo el estudio y desarrollo de un sistema de diálogo robusto para el acceso a sistemas de información....

  14. An Archaeological Survey: Shoreline of Lake Darling and Proposed Burlington Dam. Flood Control Project Area, Upper Souris River, North Dakota

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    Burlington (1948), Carpio, N.E. (1949), Grano (1949), Grano , S.W. (1949), Greene (1949), Tolley (1948), Mouse River Park (1949), Mouse River ParkN.E. (1949...miles southeast of Grano , OZ North Dakota. The site is adjacent to Lake Darling’s east bank and also near the eastern boundary of the Upper Souris...miles south of Grano , North .7. 6 i 4 76 .9 . . -a s . 9 , . . aG =. . _ . ,, . . . ., . . 9. 9 . , , , " Dakota. The site lies on a flat 800 meters

  15. Reservas de la Biosfera de Chile—Laboratorios para la Sustentabilidad [Biosphere Reserves in Chile—Laboratories for Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin F. Price

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Reviewed: Reservas de la Biosfera de Chile—Laboratorios para la Sustentabilidad [Biosphere Reserves in Chile—Laboratories for Sustainability] Edited by Andrés Moreira-MuñozAxel Borsdorf. Innsbruck, Austria and Santiago de Chile, Chile: Austrian Academy of Science and Pontificia Universidad de Chile, 2014. xvii + 321 pp. Print copies can be ordered via igf-office@oeaw.ac.at, at € 30.00. Free download at http://www.mountainresearch.at/index.php/de/institut/veroeffentlichungen/79-institut/344-reservas-de-la-biosfera-de-chile.html. ISBN 978-956-14-1390-0.

  16. ELEMENTI GROZLJIVEGA V SLOVENSKI SODOBNI MLADINSKI PROZI

    OpenAIRE

    Fink, Katarina

    2010-01-01

    V diplomskem delu z naslovom Elementi grozljivega v sodobni slovenski mladinski prozi je obravnavan pojem grozljivega in značilnosti čustvenega odzivanja bralcev na grozljivo fikcijo. Elementi grozljivega se pojavljajo v številnih delih sodobne slovenske mladinske proze, tako da se v njih pojavljajo kot fragmenti oz. drobci ali relativno krajši odseki, vendar pa je osnovna perspektiva naravnana k čemu drugemu. Ta dela tvorijo podobo skupnih (žanrskih) značilnosti in lastnosti

  17. Détection de marqueurs affectifs et attentionnels de personnes âgées en interaction avec un robot

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Fan

    2015-01-01

    This thesis work focuses on audio-visual detection of emotional (laugh and smile) and attentional markers for elderly people in social interaction with a robot. To effectively understand and model the pattern of behavior of very old people in the presence of a robot, relevant data are needed. I participated in the collection of a corpus of elderly people in particular for recording visual data. The system used to control the robot is a Wizard of Oz, several daily conversation scenarios were u...

  18. [10 cases of psychosis in Mapuche indians].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biedermann, N; Barria, C; Maass, J; Steil, W

    1983-12-01

    Ten Mapuche indians have been studied with the purpose of observing the particularities of mental disorders in this ethnic group, composed of rural migrants. In each case a syndromatic and an etiological diagnosis has been made. Our cases correspond to six women and four men with an average age of 24.5 years. All are single with a low educational level. Our results show a great frequency of the acute oniroid psychotic syndrome. These results agree with a retrospective study made by Muñoz et al (1966) who found the same syndrome in 66.6% of their Mapuche patients against only 16.3% in non Mapuche chilean patients.

  19. Influencia del tipo de escuela (especial o regular) y algunas variables socioeconómicas sobre el aprovechamiento escolar del alumnado con discapacidad

    OpenAIRE

    García, I.

    2016-01-01

    En México, el alumnado con discapacidad puede asistir a los centros de atención múltiple (CAM) o bien a algunas escuelas regulares para recibir su educación básica. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar la influencia del tipo de escuela (CAM o escuela regular) y algunas variables socioeconómicas sobre el rendimiento académico estudiantil. Se trabajó con cinco pares de estudiantes con discapacidades similares de un preescolar regular y un CAM. Se aplicó la Batería de Woodcock-Muñoz (BWM) ...

  20. Influencia del tipo de escuela (especial o regular) y algunas variables socioeconómicas sobre el aprovechamiento escolar del alumnado con discapacidad

    OpenAIRE

    Ismael García-Cedillo; Silvia Romero-Contreras

    2016-01-01

    En México, el alumnado con discapacidad puede asistir a los centros de atención múltiple (CAM) o bien a algunas escuelas regulares para recibir su educación básica. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar la influencia del tipo de escuela (CAM o escuela regular) y algunas variables socioeconómicas sobre el rendimiento académico estudiantil. Se trabajó con cinco pares de estudiantes con discapacidades similares de un preescolar regular y un CAM. Se aplicó la Batería de Woodcock-Muñoz ...

  1. Evaluation of the Migrating Combustion Chamber (MCC) Engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE OHINo. 0704-018 Pubk repatng burden bv hs cBig da inimmaion is wabdd lo aage 1 hour p. e .r wkdud toor Isen kN imo.ng ismucm...2. REPORT DATE 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED I January 1993 Final 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS Evaluation of the Migrating Combustion...Data Energy Balance Data Point Date Torque Speed Power Air Flow T1 T2 Delta T(*K) Number (oz-in) (rpm) (hp) (CFM) (IF) (OF) 23-Aug 1 3470 0.004 165 82

  2. Internetni sleng

    OpenAIRE

    Burič, Tina

    2011-01-01

    V zadnjih letih je internet prevzel nadzor nad našimi življenji in hitro nadomestil tradicionalne oblike sporazumevanja. Splet je postal mesto, kjer najlažje najdemo informacije ali pa preživljamo prosti čas. Večina jezikoslovcev meni, da internet slabo vpliva na jezik oz. na njegovo prihodnost. Bojijo se namreč, da bo jezik zaradi vse pogostejše uporabe internetnega slenga izgubil standarde in da se bo zmanjšala jezikovna ustvarjalnost, saj globalizacija vsiljuje enakost. Nekatere od t...

  3. Preparación de nanocompuestos polietileno/arcilla con catalizadores metalocénicos soportados

    OpenAIRE

    Calero Casanova, Álvaro

    2008-01-01

    Proyecto Fin de Carrera leído en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el curso académico 2008/2009. Tutores del Proyecto: Inmaculada Suárez Muñoz y Beatriz Paredes Martínez Los polímeros son sustancias compuestas por la unión de pequeñas moléculas que se repiten llamadas monómeros y que forman enormes cadenas. Dichas cadenas pueden ser lineales, o presentar ramificaciones laterales e incluso entrecruzamiento entre las cadenas principales. En el caso de que en su estructura solo apare...

  4. What we understand is what we get: Assessment in Spreadsheets

    CERN Document Server

    Kohlhase, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    In previous work we have studied how an explicit representation of background knowledge associated with a specific spreadsheet can be exploited to alleviate usability problems with spreadsheet-based applications. We have implemented this approach in the SACHS system to provide a semantic help system for spreadsheets applications. In this paper, we evaluate the (comprehension) coverage of SACHS on an Excel-based financial controlling system via a "Wizard-of-Oz" experiment. This shows that SACHS adds significant value, but systematically misses important classes of explanations. For judgements about the information contained in spreadsheets, we provide a first approach for an "assessment module" in SACHS.

  5. OZ与IMX达成合作协议 共同开发铜金矿项目

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    澳大利亚Oz Minerals矿业公司(OZ)和IMX Resources矿业公司(IMX)已签署一项具有约束力的合资框架协议,欲共同勘探开发位于南澳Mt Woods的IMX矿权地的铜金矿项目。作为协议的一部分,OZ将以每股38.5澳分的价格购入2615万股IMX的股份。

  6. Caracterización de germoplasma de cebollín (Allium cepa var. Aggregatum), en el municipio de Gibara, provincia de Holguín

    OpenAIRE

    Hubert Rodríguez García; Ramón Candelario Núñez Tablada; Vilma López Cruz; María de los Ángeles Ramos Paz

    2010-01-01

    Se colectaron y estudiaron 18 accesiones de cebollín (Allium cepa var Aggregatum) entre los productores del municipio Gibara se plantaron en las fincas de los productores de la CCS Mario Muñoz Gibara. El estudio se realizo en el período comprendido de enero del 2005 a diciembre del 2006, con el objetivo de realizar una caracterización del germoplasma para determinar las variedades existentes en del municipio. Entre los principales resultados obtenidos se identificaron dos variedades en el agr...

  7. ESPECÍMENES TIPO DE MAMÍFEROS EN LA COLECCIÓN DEL INSTITUTO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES, UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA Type Specimens of Mammals in the Colections of the Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor E. Ramírez-Chaves

    2011-01-01

    Se presenta una lista anotada de los especímenes tipo de mamíferos depositados en la colección del Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia (ICN). Este trabajo adiciona nueve holotipos y 33 paratipos al catálogo de los tipos nomenclaturales depositados en la colección de mamíferos del ICN publicado por Cadena y Muñoz-Saba, 2007. A la fecha, la colección de mamíferos del ICN cuenta con 15 holotipos y 44 paratipos pertenecientes a 18 taxones.An annotated list of type sp...

  8. Adiciones al libro “los tipos nomenclaturales depositados en la colección zoológica del instituto de ciencias naturalesâ€�: colección de mamíferos

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez-Chaves Héctor

    2011-01-01

    Se presenta la información referente a los Tipos Nomenclaturales de siete taxones de mamíferos depositados en la colección zoológica del Instituto de Ciencias Naturales de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia (ICN), no incluida por Cadena & Muñoz-Saba (2007), con el fin d...

  9. ¡Eh Ave María, pues!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Loaiza Cano

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available Diccionario folklórico antioqueño. Jaime Sierra García. Editorial Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, 1996, 399 págs. Refranero antioqueño. Carlos García, César Muñoz. Editorial Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, 1996, 292 págs. Refranes y dichos. Roberto Cadavid Misas (Argos. Editorial Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, 1996, 417 págs.

  10. SPODBUJANJE OTROKOVEGA SAMOSPOŠTOVANJA V VRTCU

    OpenAIRE

    Kobal Soršak, Nevena

    2012-01-01

    Samospoštovanje, ki je zelo pomembno za razvoj osebnosti posameznika oz. otroka, pomeni, kakšno lastno vrednost si posameznik priznava. Pri tem gre za občutek, ki ga ima posameznik o sebi. V osrednjem delu diplomske naloge, ki je teoretična, je največji poudarek na pojmu samospoštovanje, kako se to razvija, oblikuje in kakšno samospoštovanje lahko ima posameznik. Ljudje pa pojem samospoštovanje marsikdaj enačimo s pojmoma samopodoba in samozavest, zato diplomsko delo podaja tudi definiciji om...

  11. New T1-based superconductor T1PbSrRCuO without Ca with Tc above 100 K

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheng, Z. Z.; Xin, Y.; Meason, J. M.

    1991-04-01

    Ca-free T1PbSrRCuO samples (R=rare earths) with Tc up to above 100 K were prepared, and studied by resistance and ac susceptibility measurements and by powder x-ray diffraction analyses. A 1212-type phase (Tl1-xPbx)Sr2(Sr1-yRy)Cu2Oz is responsible for the observed supercondcutivity. A rare-earth is required for the formation of the 1212 phase. Pb-dopping is necessary to increase the Tc of the 1212 phase from 90 K to above 100 K.

  12. Beverage consumption of mother-toddler dyads in families with limited incomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoerr, Sharon L; Lee, Seung-Yeon; Schiffman, Rachel F; Horodynski, Mildred Omar; McKelvey, Lorraine

    2006-12-01

    Beverage intake and diet quality of toddlers from families with limited incomes were described and compared to their mother's beverage intake. At both 2 and 3 years of age, the children's average milk intake was adequate, the juice intake was twice that recommended, and the intake of sweetened beverages was high. Mothers who consumed more than 12 fl oz of soft drinks per day were nearly four times more likely to have a child with poor diet quality. Health practitioners should do focused screening of mothers' and children's beverage intakes to quickly assess those at high risk for poor diets.

  13. Crustal structure and rift tectonics across the Cauvery–Palar basin, eastern continental margin of India based on seismic and potential field modelling

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Twinkle, D.; Rao, G.S.; Radhakrishna, M.; Murthy, K.S.R.

    er oz oi c D yk es Ve da ra n ya m te rr ac e Puliact Depression Pu liac t La ke b C he nn ai Ti ru ch ir ap al li 88 48 08 10141822 IN D IA Cud dap ah B asin Cauv ery P alar B asinKr ish na Go da va ri Ba sin M ah... and these trends are in conformity with the Eastern Ghats trend. The major structural and tectonic elements observed in the Cauvery–Palar basin (after Prabhakar and Zutshi 1993; Bastia and Radhakrishna 2012) are: (i) Pulicat depression defined by Nayudupetta high...

  14. Importancia de los rastros para la caracterización del uso de hábitat de mamíferos medianos y grandes en el bosque los mangos (puerto lópez, meta, colombia)

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Los métodos indirectos ayudan a detectar mamíferos medianos y grandes los cuales son muy difíciles de observar. Los rastros son una herramienta valiosa para trabajar en campo, sirven de base para registrar la presencia de una especie en un lugar, y para determinar cómo está usando su hábitat (Aranda, 1981a; Navarro y Muñoz, 2000; Villalba y Yanosky, 2000). En este trabajo se caracteriza el uso que mamíferos terrestres medianos y grandes están haciendo del hábitat en el bosque de vega Los Mang...

  15. The importance of tracks and signs on habitat use caracterization of medium and big mammals in los mangos forest (Puerto López, Meta, Colombia) Importancia de los rastros para la caracterización del uso de hábitat de mamíferos medianos y grandes en el bosque Los Mangos (Puerto López, Meta, Colombia)

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Tracks and signs are very useful for detecting medium and big mammals, which usually are out of sight. These are helpful tools on field investigation, provide detailed information on the identity and activities of an animal in a place, and can provide us indications of their habitat use (Aranda, 1981a; Navarro & Muñoz, 2000; Villalba & Yanosky, 2000). In this paper we characterize the habitat use of medium and big land mammals in Los Mangos forest. We use an observation and track tram...

  16. De la sierra a la costa : cuidado cultural de las familias inmigrantes, 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Guerra Dávila, Silvia Yoana

    2013-01-01

    La presente investigación cualitativa con enfoque etnográfico, tuvo como objetivos: describir, analizar y comprender el cuidado cultural de las familias inmigrantes de la comunidad de San Rafael. La base teórica-conceptual estuvo fundamentada por Waldow (2004, 2006, 2008), Leninger (2011), Muñoz (2006), Bustamante (2004) y Oliver (2010). Los sujetos de estudio fueron las familias del pueblo joven la otra banda de la comunidad de San Rafael del distrito de Zaña, siendo este el escenario. La mu...

  17. Infill sampling criteria to locate extremes

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Watson, AG

    1995-07-01

    Full Text Available concise statement of the single-sample, Gaussian-based, objective function: E\\[Z~,,+,,IS\\] = ~z~,>ts + W(~Cx))'Oz,,,,+s 596 Watson and Barnes where W( ) is the peculiar function W(~(x)) = ~(~(x)) + ~(x) 9 ,I,(~(x)) ~b...) and (3), not the "quick-and- Figure 1. Contours of exhaustive dataset: 625 observations on 25 x 25 grid. Sampling to Locate Extremes 601 Figure 2, Contours of log-transformed exhaustive data set: 625 observations on 25 x...

  18. Reseñas bibliográficas

    OpenAIRE

    Romero-Pérez, Jorge Enrique

    2014-01-01

    Se presentan las siguientes reseñas bibliográficas:      Jiménez González, Antonio: Lecciones de Derecho Tributario (1997)     González Álvarez, Daniel: Reflexiones sobre el nuevo proceso penal (1997)     Rojas Franco, Enrique: LA jurisdicción contencioso administrativo en Costa Rica (1995)     Muñoz Quesada, Alfonso: La Asamblea Legislativa en el sistema constitucional costarricense (1997)     Córdoba Ortega, Jorge: El derecho de petición como garantía constitucional (1997)     Armijo, Gilbe...

  19. Simulation Investigation on Particle Transmission Characteristics of Two Different Ion Barrier Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ye; FU Shen-cheng; XIANG Rong; WANG Guo-zheng; DUANMU Qing-duo; TIAN Jing-quan

    2008-01-01

    The simulation calculation and analysis of electron transmittance and ion stopping power for ion barrier films (IBFs) of AI2O3 and SiO2 are performed by Monte Carlo methods. The interaction model between particles and solids are described. It is found that at the same conditions, the electron transmittance for SiOz IBF is relatively higher than that of A12O3 IBF, and the ion stopping power of SiO2 IBF is relatively lower than that of A1203 by Monte Carlo simulations. It is also indicated that SiO2 is one of the ideal materials for fabricating IBFs.

  20. Biblioteca de historia ecuatoriana

    OpenAIRE

    Lavallé, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    1. Roberto Andrade, HISTORIA DEL ECUADOR I 2. Juan León Mera, LA DICTADURA Y LA RESTAURACIÓN EN LA REPÚBLICA DEL ECUADOR 3. Camilo Destruge, HISTORIA DE LA PRENSA DE GUAYAQUIL I 4 Camilo Destruge, HISTORIA DE LA PRENSA DE GUAYAQUIL II 5. Roberto Andrade, HISTORIA DEL ECUADOR II 6. Eloy Alfaro, NARRACIONES HISTÓRICAS 7. Roberto Andrade, HISTORIA DEL ECUADOR III 8. Alberto Muñoz V., ORÍGENES DE LA NACIONALIDAD ECUATORIANA 9. Roberto Andrade, HISTORIA DEL ECUADOR IV 10. Enrique Ayala Mora, edit....

  1. The Effect of a Three-Week Adaptation to a Low Carbohydrate/High Fat Diet on Metabolism and Cognitive Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-11

    SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL, 1988. Pages 569-641. 32. Storlien, L.H., E.W. Kraegen, D.J. Chisholm, G.L. Ford, D.G. Bruce, and W.S. Pascoe. Fish oil prevents...lipoprotein lipase activity (34). During the LCD, our subjects were consistently ketotic, as reflected by elevated urine ketone concentrations. However...3 oz) Fried onions (80 gin) Dressing (1/2 Cup) "Standard salad" Peas w/ mushrooms (1/2 Cup) Avocado (80 gm) Broccoli (1/2 Cup) Oil & Vinegar Dressing

  2. PRIMERJALNA ANALIZA RAČUNALNIŠKIH REŠITEV Z PODPORO RAČUNOVODSKIH SERVISOV

    OpenAIRE

    Korez, Tatjana

    2011-01-01

    Računovodstvo je posebna celota delov informacijskih dejavnosti, znotraj katerih se zbirajo, urejajo, obdelujejo, prikazujejo in shranjujejo podatki. Računovodstvo zasebnikov in družb je pomembno zaradi državnih oz. davčnih potreb, kot tudi zaradi interesov odločanja o poslovanju. Informacijski sistem in poslovanje podjetja morata biti usmerjena v doseganje ciljev in prilagodljiva. Pri predvidevanju spremenjenih potreb strank in pravočasnem odzivanju na nove zahteve igrajo najpomembnejšo...

  3. De la sierra a la costa : cuidado cultural de las familias inmigrantes, 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Guerra Dávila, Silvia Yoana

    2013-01-01

    La presente investigación cualitativa con enfoque etnográfico, tuvo como objetivos: describir, analizar y comprender el cuidado cultural de las familias inmigrantes de la comunidad de San Rafael. La base teórica-conceptual estuvo fundamentada por Waldow (2004, 2006, 2008), Leninger (2011), Muñoz (2006), Bustamante (2004) y Oliver (2010). Los sujetos de estudio fueron las familias del pueblo joven la otra banda de la comunidad de San Rafael del distrito de Zaña, siendo este el escenario. La mu...

  4. Construction Foundation Report for Cuchillo Negro Dam, New Mexico. Volume 2. Appendix B, Appendix C, and Appendix D

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-01

    CORE RECOVERY FOR 80NING 0 % ,. DEPTH DRILL.ED INTO ROCA 0’ 11 SGNATURE OF IN • .. • S. TOTAL DEPTH OF HOLE 1.’ _____________ L CLASSIFICATION OF...I-J 70’ L. AD.0 sld op., 5 s -l -t I- 1T~,g 7 l Ad.!So.~ RQD ’- ý3%Ex-eVs/a4 C.,-~7 D~p oz 7 OWG POM 1836-A (E 1* )slo’)*~,e.~ e. i0( i T"N. A? Cutj

  5. Estudio del funcionamiento neurocognitivo en la infección por VIH en la era de las terapias antirretrovirales combinadas

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz-Moreno, Jose Antonio

    2012-01-01

    La tesis titulada “Estudio del Funcionamiento Neurocognitivo en la Infección por VIH en la Era de las Terapias Antirretrovirales Combinadas" desarrollada por el doctorando Jose Antonio Muñoz-Moreno se planteó como objetivos principales a su inicio: 1.- Centrar la problemática de la disfunción neurocognitiva dentro del marco de la investigación científica en el ámbito de la infección por VIH. 2.- Recoger datos preliminares en España sobre la frecuencia de las alteraciones neurocognitiv...

  6. Estudio del funcionamiento neurocognitivo en la infección por VIH en la era de las terapias antirretrovirales combinadas

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz-Moreno, Jose Antonio; Navarro Acebes, Xavier

    2013-01-01

    La tesis titulada "Estudio del Funcionamiento Neurocognitivo en la Infección por VIH en la Era de las Terapias Antirretrovirales Combinadas" desarrollada por el doctorando Jose Antonio Muñoz-Moreno se planteó como objetivos principales a su inicio: 1.- Centrar la problemática de la disfunción neurocognitiva dentro del marco de la investigación científica en el ámbito de la infección por VIH. 2.- Recoger datos preliminares en España sobre la frecuencia de las alteraciones neurocognitivas en la...

  7. Undertreatment of human immunodeficiency virus in psychiatric inpatients: a cross-sectional study of seroprevalence and associated factors

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Miguel Angel Gonzalez-Torres,1,2 Miguel Angel Salazar,3 Manuel Imaz,4 Lucía Inchausti,1,2 Berta Ibañez,5 Aranzazu Fernandez-Rivas,1,2 Javier Pastor,3 Bosco Anguiano,3 Pedro Muñoz,3 Eduardo Ruiz,1,2 Rodrigo Oraa,3 Sonia Bustamante,1,2 Sofia Alvarez de Eulate,2 Ramón Cisterna4,61Department of Neuroscience, University of the Basque Country, 2Psychiatry Service, Basurto University Hospital, Bilbao, 3Mental Health Network of Biscay, Basque Health Service...

  8. Developing Green Line Products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muñoz-Marin, Ana Maria; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann; Poulsen, Søren Bolvig

    2011-01-01

    This publication is based on the Master thesis “User-driven ecoinnovation process: Towards the implementation of the Green product line at JELD-WEN” written by Ana Maria Muñoz-Marin as her Graduation Project for the MSc. Global Innovation Management degree. The company-based experiment was carried...... out during February 1st and May 31st 2011. The Master thesis is developed as part of the InnoDoors research project at Aalborg University, and in close collaboration with the companies related to this project. Additionally data collected from workshops with companies and qualitative and quantitative...

  9. Decisive Intermediates Responsible for the Carbonaceous Products of CO2 Electro-reduction on Nitrogen-Doped sp2 Nanocarbon Catalysts in NaHCO3 Aqueous Electrolyte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, Junyuan; Zhang, Bingsen; Wang, Bolun

    2017-01-01

    is resolved by clarifying the authentic origin of the carbonaceous products: CO and HCO2−. Two carbon-reduction pathways are identified based on a series of comparative studies by using differential electrochemical mass spectrometry and in situ CO adsorption experiments: a dominant pathway leading to CO from...... CO2 and a secondary pathway leading to HCO2− from HCO3−. Neither hydrocarbon (CxHy) nor alcohol or aldehyde (CxHyOz) were detected in the reduction of CO2. However, CO, which is generally regarded as an intermediate to be transformed into these products on metal catalysts, can undoubtedly be produced...

  10. Feeding Concept, Military Vs Civilian System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    Sour Pork e B Tacos e B Trout Almondine e B Tuna Melt e B Vegetarian Lasagna e B Bananas f B Canned Fruit f B Fresh Fruit f B Grapefruit Juice f...Fried Rice c Sirloin 7 oz c Steak c Sweet & Sour Pork c Tacos c Texas Grilled Cheese c Tuna Noodle Casserole c Tuna Salad (Sandwich) c Turkey...Parsley Buttered Potatoes St L Pinto Beans St L Pinto Beans w/Hocks St L Rice St L Sweet Dough St 14 L Tossed Green Rice St L Waffles St L Whipped

  11. Crítica de Libros.

    OpenAIRE

    1992-01-01

    "Cuentos La-Mentables" F. Caries Egea. Editorial Prensa Valenciana 1991. M. Carmen Llor Moreno, Isabel Muñoz González Teoría y práctica del Psicoanálisis. H. Thoma, H. Hachele (Coords.). J.L. Pedreira Massa No place to be a child. J. Garbarino, K. Kostelny, N. Dubrow. Editorial Lexington Books. Massachusettsfforonto 1991. Tela, 177 págs. J.L. Pedreira Massa Relationship disturbances in early childhood: a developmental approach. A.J. Sameroff, R.M. Emde (Edts.). Editorial Basic Books. New York...

  12. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Pork prices in Beijing remained relatively stable despite the swine flu outbreak in Mexico. China’s job market is still in the doldrums with the registered urban jobless rising slightly in the first quarter. The government is preparing to issue the third tranche of its stimulus package. China Minmetals Corp. received approval from the Australian Treasury to buy the assets of Oz Minerals Ltd. There were signs that international hot money has started to leave China. Surveys indicate that new Chinese parents are shunning foreign baby-care products.

  13. METODE VREDNOTENJA OSNOVNIH SREDSTEV IN NALOŽBENIH NEPREMIČNIN V SLOVENSKIH PODJETJIH

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Osnovna sredstva in naložbene nepremičnine običajno predstavljajo pomembno postavko sredstev podjetja, s tem pa tudi pomemben element in vplivni dejavnik kakovosti računovodskih informacij za presojanje premoženja z računovodsko finančnega položaja in poslovne uspešnosti večine organizacij. Vrednost sredstev podjetja je odvisna tudi od metode vrednotenja sredstev. Podjetje lahko izbira med modelom nabavne vrednosti in modelom prevrednotenja oz. modelom poštene vrednosti. Ta izbira pa posl...

  14. Summary of Meteorological Observations, Surface (SMOS), Midway Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-01

    7Ld VARK 1I.1 21 .. 4-." . ’. _ _. _ __ __ I -.- inZ. TOTAL. NUIt Of OI ONS ’ NWs....L ..... n. a ___ ____ ____ ____ ___ ANL...CEILING VISIBILITY (STATUTE MilLES ) -CEILING _____7__6.293 . -r -s,.77 (P"? ’, .) I ~ ~~ ",,. 1,. ?46, . ., .. .I , , o. 1 49 &1 4. ,,, 1 ?8;oz 𔃻...CEILING VERSUS VISIBILITY ST ti ~flH Ig11 V.A.. nuIT . PERCENTAGE FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE . 9 (FROM HOURLY OBSERVATIONS) CE N VISISILITY (STATUTE MILES

  15. Map showing reconnaissance geochemistry in the gold-pyrophyllite belt of northwestern Moore County, North Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesure, Frank G.

    1981-01-01

    Traces of gold and molybdenum are widely disseminated in an area approximately 35 km long and 10 km wide in northwestern Moore County, N.C.  At least 2540 oz. of gold were recovered from 16 or more mines and prospects between 1880 and 1910.  One hundred and ninety rock samples out of 244 collected from old gold mines, pyrophyllite deposits and along roads contain gold quantities ranging from 0.02 to 2.4 parts per million.  In addition, 43 samples out of the 244 taken contain molybdenum in amounts ranging from 4 to 500 parts per million.

  16. An Evaluation of the United States Air Force Menu Concerning Kilocalorie, Total Fat, Cholesterol and Sodium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-05-01

    1 cup STUFFED CABBAGE 485 34 70 63 2 rolls STEAMED RICE 116 TRACE -- 2 5 oz. N LYONNAISE POTATOES 90 TRACE -- 5 1 potato PEAS W1 MUSHROOMS 52 TRACE...APPLE RING LYONNAISE POTATOES 90 TRACE -- 5 GREEN BEANS 17 TRACE -- 4 MIXED FRUIT 82 TRACE -- 3 ASSORTED BREAD 130 2 -- 158 MARGARINE 70 8 24 95 COCONUT...etc. There even was a point in time where weight loss mythology had convinced almost everyone that bread and potatoes were fattening. Adding foods

  17. Triaxial and Torsional Shear Test Results for Sand

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-01

    densest and loosest packing of particles without crushing the grains. The standard test methods ASTM D4253-83 and D4254-83 were used to determine the...desired value of J (J = = I( j.2/+ 2 was reached. The sample was then sheared with a constant value of J. The mean norma stress p was held constant while oz...Triaxial Testing System", Advanced Triaxial Testing of Soil and Rock, ASTM , STP77, 1988, PP95-106. Miura, K, Miura, S. and Told, S., "Deformation Behavior

  18. Reseñas bibliográficas

    OpenAIRE

    Romero-Pérez, Jorge Enrique

    2014-01-01

    Se presentas las siguientes reseñas bibliográficas:      Frances Baima, Patricia [Editora]: Libro blanco sobre la independencia del Poder Judicial y la eficacia de la administración de justicia en Centroamérica (2000)/Reseñado por J. Enrique Romero P.     Muñoz Quesada, Hugo Alfonso: Las comisiones legislativas plenas (2000) /Reseñado por J. Enrique Romero P.     Sánchez Romero, Cecilia: Derecho penal. Parte general. Doctrina y jurisprudencia (2000) /Reseñado por J. Enrique Romero P.     Ulat...

  19. Status Survey of Bunkers 738A and 825A at Spangdahlem AB, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-02

    88ABW-2015-4768, 2 Oct 2015 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14 . ABSTRACT The United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Consultative...USAFSAM/OEC d. Personnel Contacted: (1) Lt Col Scott Steige1wald, Flight Commander, 52 AMDS /SGPB (2) Mr. Craig Refosco, Health Physicist, AFMSA/SG3PB...C’. vf . Duo Date: P\\!·2;s K~Z7 oz-~ar-aa 3217 L.ucnum 500-1 10!𔃻)2 4 IJhC M!4 T c-99 MU658 30-S&.rC4 29751 !\\1~ 111 S11r11t :tf\\1, • n’ klot

  20. Informalidad e ilegalidad en la explotación del oro y la madera en Antioquia

    OpenAIRE

    Giraldo Ramírez, Jorge; Muñoz Mora Juan Carlos

    2012-01-01

    El libro "Informalidad e ilegalidad en la explotación del oro y la madera en Antioquia" escrito por Jorge Giraldo Ramírez y Juan Carlos Muñoz Mora, con el apoyo de EAFIT y Proantioquia fue comentado en la Revista de Negocios Internacionales de la Universidad de Columbia. Este libro analiza cómo los sectores del oro y la madera se han convertido en una fuente de financiación de los grupos armados. Lleva a cabo un análisis microeconómico de las cadenas de suministro de extracción de Antioquia e...

  1. RAZVOJ SPLETNIH APLIKACIJ S HTML5

    OpenAIRE

    Krajnc, Matej

    2012-01-01

    V diplomskem delu so predstavljene novosti, ki jih prinaša nov predlog za standard HTML5, obdelane so bistvene razlike med starejšim HTML-standardom in novim HTML5-predlogom, prednosti in slabosti. Bistvena razlika med starejšim standardom in novim predlogom za standard je v sami zgradbi oz. strukturi spletne aplikacije. HTML5 uporablja nove strukturne elemente. V samem HTML-ju ni bilo mogoče prikazati medijev, iger in animacij. HTML5 pa že v osnovi omogoča prikazovanje medijev, iger in ani...

  2. Priročnik za razvojno psihologijo v programu predšolska vzgoja

    OpenAIRE

    Potočnik, Nejc; Batistič Zorec, Marcela; Prosen, Simona

    2015-01-01

    Priročnik, namenjen študentom 1. letnika programa predšolska vzgoja, vsebuje navodila za vaje, integrirano prakso in seminarje ter strokovna besedila. Poleg splošnih navodil za seminarje in vaje, vsebuje tudi posamezna navodila za šest nalog, ki jih študentje opravijo v vrtcu v okviru integrirane prakse. Študent oz. študentka mora pred začetkom vaje in izvedbo praktične naloge na določeno temo prebrati ustrezno strokovno besedilo. Vaje in strokovna besedila obravnavajo naslednje teme: opazova...

  3. Salsa Epistemology: Negotiating the Present and the Utopic in the Work of Erika Lopez

    OpenAIRE

    Soares, Kristie

    2013-01-01

    Queer theory has been at the forefront of theorizations of utopia in the past ten years, with theorists such as José Esteban Muñoz and Jack Halberstam articulating how utopic creations—such as theatre, art, or even children’s animated films—can have an important function in social change. The field has been reluctant, however, to articulate the relationship between utopia and the vast majority of queer and feminist scholarship, which looks at social activism as a matter of resisting oppressio...

  4. Influence of Type of School (Special or Regular) and some Socio-Economic Variables on the Achievement of Students with Disabilities

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    In Mexico, students with disabilities can attend to multiple care centers (CAM, in its Spanish acronym) or to some regular schools to receive their basic education. The objective of this study is to identify the influence of the type of school (CAM or regular school) and some socio-economic variables on student academic performance. The work was carried out with five pairs of students with similar disabilities of a CAM and a regular preschool. The Woodcock-Muñoz battery (WMB) was appli...

  5. PLESNI ODZIV PREDŠOLSKIH OTROK NA VIVALDIJEVO GLASBO

    OpenAIRE

    Vrhovnik, Natalija; Novak, Ksenija

    2014-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava plesne dejavnosti otrok na predšolski stopnji. V teoretičnem delu so podane vsebine, ki izhajajo iz baroka oz. iz časa, v katerem je ustvarjal Antonio Vivaldi. Opisana je opredelitev umetnosti, dotaknemo se estetike ter otrokovih potreb po plesu. V drugem delu teoretičnega dela predstavimo življenjepis Antonia Vivaldija, obdobje, v katerem je živel, nato sledi opis njegovega dela Štirje letni časi. Namen empiričnega dela je bil preučiti plesni odziv otrok na ...

  6. SPREMLJANJE GRADNJE Z UPORABO RAZŠIRJENE RESNIČNOSTI (AUGMENTED REALITY) NA PRIMERU NASELJE KOLIŠČARJI

    OpenAIRE

    Kumalić, Emir

    2013-01-01

    Magistrsko delo obravnava opis ter uporabo nove tehnologije gradbene informatike v gradbenem sektorju, s poudarkom na »augmented reality« oz. na razširjeno resničnost. Predstavlja se uporaba 4D modeliranja objekta s povezavo mobilnih aplikacijskih programov, ki prikazuje razširjeno resničnost v naravi. V nalogi je bil izdelan digitalni 3D model zgodovinsko-arheološkega objekta naselje Koliščarji na Ljubljanskem barju, ki smo ga s pomočjo programa Navisworks Manager pretvorili v 4D model ter s...

  7. Energy performance evaluation and operation of a cold storage chamber with thermo-accumulated secondary fluid

    OpenAIRE

    Juliano Jose Fiori

    2009-01-01

    Resumo: A utilização racional da energia é, atualmente, uma preocupação mundial. As questões ambientais referentes à degradação da camada de ozônio e ao aquecimento global caminham concomitante ao bom uso energético. A refrigeração destaca-se como sendo grande consumidora de energia elétrica, devido principalmente aos compressores. Focar um estudo no funcionamento desses componentes mostra-se coerente e vantajoso economicamente. Durante o horário de ponta, que corresponde a três horas do dia ...

  8. Le roman féminin péruvien pendant la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Tauzin-Castellanos, Isabelle

    1990-01-01

    Ofrece un analisis de las novelas realistas obras de las escritoras peruanas, desde los años anteriores a la guerra del Pacifico hasta el final del siglo XIX y la republica aristocratica presidida por Nicolas de Piérola. Después de reconstruir el contexto sociocultural de los años 70, la autora proporciona una lectura analitica de las novelas de Mercedes Cabello de Carbonera, Clorinda Matto de Turner, Maria Nieves y Bustamante, Lastenia Larriva de Llona y Margarita Praxedes Muñoz. La tesis fu...

  9. Complementary pharmacological and toxicological characterization data on the pharmacological profile of N-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-2-(4-methyl-1-piperidinyl) acetamide

    OpenAIRE

    Myrna Déciga-Campos; Gabriel Navarrete-Vázquez; Francisco Javier López-Muñoz; Tadeusz Librowski; Amanda Sánchez-Recillas; Victor Yañez-Pérez; Rolffy Ortiz-Andrade

    2016-01-01

    This text presents complementary data corresponding to pharmacological and toxicological characterization of N-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-2-(4-methyl-1-piperidinyl)acetamide (LIA) compound. These data support our research article entitled “Pharmacological profile of N-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-2-(4-methyl-1-piperidinyl)acetamide, a novel analog of lidocaine” Déciga-Campos M., Navarrete-Vázquez G., López-Muñoz F.J., Librowski T., Sánchez-Recillas A., Yañez-Pérez V., Ortiz-Andrade R. (2016) [1]. Toxicity ...

  10. Pressurized HxCyOz Cells at ca. 250 °C: Potential and Challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg; Chatzichristodoulou, Christodoulos; Allebrod, Frank

    2013-01-01

    The increasing need for easy and affordable storage of intermittent renewable energy has encouraged us to explore the possibilities of pressurized electrolysis and fuel cells operating in the temperature range of 200 – 300 °C and pressure from a few bar up to 50 bar and above. Most electrochemical...... rate limiting processes are strongly thermal activated. Also, increased pressure may increase the electrode reaction rates. High pressure means increase energy density in gaseous products. Furthermore, as hydrocarbons, alcohols or ethers - in common denoted HxCyOz - are very convenient fuels, we have...

  11. Efectos del abandono y aislamiento familiar transitorio en el funcionamiento grupal y psíquico de dos grupos de mujeres adolescentes institucionalizadas

    OpenAIRE

    Calderón Martínez, María Alejandra

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo se llevó a cabo un proceso de terapia grupal de carácter puntual con dos grupos de adolescentes mujeres institucionalizadas en los que había cuatro niñas abandonadas y cinco niñas alejadas de sus familias. El objetivo fundamental de la investigación era establecer las diferencias y semejanzas entre los estados mentales de estas niñas y el de los grupos de adolescentes abandonados y desplazados de sus familias del trabajo de Trevisi y Muñoz (2012) llevado a cabo en la misma ins...

  12. 廉价航空:“低成本”≠“低安全”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊杰

    2015-01-01

    总有些悲伤令人无法释怀,也总有些灾难令人猝不及防,有媒体称,2014年是民航安全史上的“黑暗”一年,这一年有着太多值得回忆的扼腕与警醒。从马航MH370客机的失联到MH17客机的被击落,从台湾复兴航空的澎湖坠机到亚航OZ8501沉入大海。

  13. Command History, 1969. Volume 2. Sanitized

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    SFCSTATL tto AMEMJ3 Paris and Saimotn, 2 Q 303/. Jun 60, Subi- None:. Ms~g (S). SYCSTA YL to ANMEN11 Saiigon, 1222 0OZ Jun 69, Subj: Allviztd...and the uncertainties of the Paris negotiations. " Later the matter was spelled out quite clearly in a message from the Kien Phong Province Senior...ptojotztd areaso At oper;ations -o Assist wstt~jvir it’~c tscmvat stopoci ektrvAts, or isup ".I~ uertine tmll, Effort ifncluded, kactdica brld,4hw

  14. Remodelación del estadio Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Alemany Indarte, Luis; Alemany Indarte, Rafael; Blanco, Pedro Juan

    1981-01-01

    Not available.

    Desde 1944 en que se concede el primer premio del Concurso para el Campo de Fútbol del Real Madrid Club de Fútbol a los Arquitectos don Luis Alemany Soler y don Manuel Muñoz Monasterio, han transcurrido 38 años. De ellos, dos de obras, desde mayo de 1945 en que se adjudican las obras a HUARTE y Compañía, S. L., hasta el 14 de diciembre de 1947 en que se inauguró el nuevo Estadio, y otros 36, de grandes acontecimientos futbolísticos, en los que el edificio ha ...

  15. Intravitreal ranibizumab for symptomatic drusenoid pigment epithelial detachment without choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Gallego-Pinazo; Ana Marina Suelves-Cogollos; Ester Francés-Muñoz; et. al.

    2011-01-01

    Roberto Gallego-Pinazo1,2, Ana Marina Suelves-Cogollos1, Ester Francés-Muñoz1, J María Millán2,3, J Fernando Arevalo4, J Luis Mullor5, Manuel Díaz-Llopis1,2,61Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, Spain; 2Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras, Valencia, Spain; 3Department of Genetics, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, Spain; 4Retina and Vitreous Service, C...

  16. Intravitreal ranibizumab for symptomatic drusenoid pigment epithelial detachment without choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration

    OpenAIRE

    Diaz-Llopis,Manuel; Suelves-Cogollos,; Frances-Munoz,E; Millan, J.M.; Mullor ,Jose; Gallego-Pinazo, Roberto; Arevalo, J Fernando

    2011-01-01

    Roberto Gallego-Pinazo,1,2 Ana Marina Suelves-Cogollos1, Ester Francés-Muñoz,1 J María Millán,2,3 J Fernando Arevalo,4 J Luis Mullor,5 Manuel Díaz-Llopis,1,2,61Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, Spain; 2Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras, Valencia, Spain; 3Department of Genetics, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, Spain; 4Retina and Vitreous Service, ...

  17. An institution for object-z with inheritance and polymorphism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baumeister, Hubert; Bettaz, Mohamed; Maouche, Mourad

    2015-01-01

    Large software systems are best specified using a multi-paradigm approach. Depending on which aspects of a system one wants to model, some logic formalisms are better suited than others. The theory of institutions and (co)morphisms between institutions provides a general framework for describing...... logical systems and their connections. This is the foundation of multi-modelling languages allowing one to deal with heterogeneous specifications in a consistent way. To make Object-Z accessible as part of such a multi-modelling language, we define the institution OZS for Object-Z. We have chosen Object-Z...

  18. Easyplot: An Interactive, User-Friendly Graphics Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    AD-Ali58 779 EASYPLOT: AN INTERACTIVE USER-FRIENDLY GRPHICS PROGRAM 1/2 (U) NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CRRNWRN SP UNCLASSIFIED F/G 9/2 N...log) ar.J thzce-dime nsional (standard) .Graph correction and a-lteraticn dre possible with a ininimu~a oZ effort. The irogram was designed for the...thr-ougi, the design irocess to produce tie desired graph. The irograx is compieteiy int=r- act Ive. it prompts the user "or all ti’e necessary i;f

  19. Evaluation of Learning Strategies Training Program 94B10 Fort Lee, Virginia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-11-30

    baking powder , baking soda, IAU4) .u. tidltud cocoa , & 4 *Iota lizer bowl. 2 +U 2 3 SuCj.A. 6 3/4, oz . " ’ ’ ............. pinch .714 BL4 kaiJ I...of learning strate- gies-based training. To do so would require additional data from a cost- benefit perspective--the costs of training instructors and...InU.,h psn. Follow Steps 4 through 6. ;a $tep?, add 2 tbp arry powder . Omit Slt. hi tn Stup 9. poui 2 qt sauce 6ver vegetables In eaCh pos. follow

  20. Taking the Measure of the Universe: Precision Astrometry with SIM Planetquest (Preprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-10-09

    taries” (Grillmair 2006b). In the outer Galaxy, there are suggestions of debris associated with the Ursa Minor, Carina, Sculptor and Leo I dSphs...Olszewski & Pryor 1995; Tolstoy et al. 2004; Wilkinson et al. 2004; Muñoz et al. 2005, 2006b; Walker et al. 2006). In all dSphs, the projected radial...ments (Libeskind et al. 2005), and to verify whether dis- tant systems like Leo I (e.g., Sohn et al. 2007) are bound to the Milky Way and can be used

  1. Air Force Operational Medicine: Using the Estimating Supplies Program to Develop Materiel Solutions for the Operational Clinical Requirements of the Expeditionary Medical Support (EMEDS). Volume Three: EMEDS+10

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    39.58 C 6505012149062 IBUPROFEN TAB 800 MG 500S BT 10.00 3.00 14.26 1.00 $1,242.60 4.28 0.30 $372.78 D 6505014470084 INDINAVIR SULFATE CAP 400MG 180S...6508013723174 PROTECTIVE CREAM SKIN CARE 3.5OZ TUBE 12S PG 1.00 1.00 2.85 0.10 $96.11 2.85 0.10 $96.11 C 6505013258790 PSEUDOEPHEDRINE HCL &GUAIFEN

  2. Using the Estimating Supplies Program to Develop Materiel Solutions for the U.S. Air Force Aeromedical Evacuation In-Flight Kit (FFQDM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-07

    EA 6515005628308 TUBING O2 FORCE-FIT 72IN 50S EA 5120000974136 WRENCH BOX ALUM 5IN 2 SLOTS EA 023 O2 ADMINISTRATION CONTINUOUS 6515012166269...FUROSEMIDE INJ 10MG/ML 10ML 10S EA 6515011534971 GEL ELECTRE EKG CLEAR SALT FREE 8 OZ 12S EA 6505011171996 ISOPROTERENOL HCL INJ .2MG/ML 1ML AMP 25S EA...6530002998353 BACK REST LITTER NONADJ ALUM /CTN DUCK 45X24IN EA 6135009857845 BATTERY NONRECHARGEABLE 1.5V CELL AA 24S EA 6545009111300 BLANKET SET BED 4 PER

  3. A comparison of techniques for robust gender recognition

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Reprinted, with permission, from [Rojas Bello, R.N., Lago Fernández, L.F., Martínez Muñoz, G., y Sánchez Montañés, M.A., A comparision of techniques for robust gender recognition, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2011]. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted...

  4. Degradação do brometo de etídio em solução aquosa via ozonização

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha, Cyntia Cristina da

    2014-01-01

    O brometo de etídio é um composto comumente utilizado em laboratórios de biologia molecular como marcador para visualização de DNA. Apresenta riscos potenciais de toxicidade e mutagenicidade, sendo necessário o tratamento dos seus resíduos antes do descarte. Na tentativa de evitar riscos de contaminação ambiental, a ozonização tem se mostrado uma técnica promissora devido o seu elevado potencial oxidante. Embora o uso de ozônio para degradação de compostos orgânicos venha se tornando cada vez...

  5. Intervención educativa para fortalecer la resiliencia de madres adolescentes del Policlínico Vertientes Educative intervention to strengthen the resilience of adolescent mothers in Vertientes polyclinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara de Posada Rodríguez

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de una investigación de intervención educativa desarrollada entre septiembre del 2010 y septiembre de 2011 en el área urbana del policlínico Mario Muñoz Monroy, Vertientes, Camagüey, con el objetivo de desarrollar una intervención educativa para fortalecer la resiliencia de madres adolescentes, en el policlínico Vertientes. Se aplicó una encuesta a madres adolescentes, que consideraban su maternidad como algo estresante, para determinar los factores que influían en esta percepción. Se realizaron sesiones de trabajo por encuentros para facilitarles herramientas que contribuyeran al fortalecimiento de la resiliencia ante este evento de la vida.This work reflects the results of an educative intervention research, developed from September/2010 to September/2011, in the urban area that belongs to Mario Muñoz polyclinic in Vertientes, Camagüey. The objective was to strengthen the resilience of adolescent mothers in Vertientes polyclinic. Several adolescent mothers, that considered their pregnancy something stressing, were polled in order to determine the factors that were causing this perception on them. Various meetings and working sessions took place to strengthen their resilience during this important period of their lives, pregnancy.

  6. False-positive colorimetric capnometry after ingestion of carbonated beverages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, William Ryan; Biehler, Jefrey; Linares, Marc Yves-Rene; Garcia-Pena, Barbara M

    2009-02-01

    To investigate the potential for false-positive colorimetric capnometric readings during esophageal intubation after ingestion of carbonated beverages. The study was conducted in the human patient simulation laboratory of a tertiary care pediatric hospital. The sole outcome measurement was the capnometric indicator membrane color after expiration for 10 breaths. Readings were recorded for scenarios simulating 8 different models. For all carbonated beverage trials with a cuffed endotracheal tube (ETT) and those with 2 and 6 oz of beverage in the gastric sac with an uncuffed ETT, a false-positive result was observed on the capnometer's indicator for breaths 1 through 10. The sensitivity of the capnometer for the detection of CO2 after full exhalation of breath 6 for these trials was 100%. For trials containing 12 oz in the gastric sac and an uncuffed ETT, yellow was observed on the capnometer indicator for breaths 1 through 3, tan for breaths 4 through 6, and purple for breath 7. The sensitivity of the capnometer for the detection of adequate CO2 after full exhalation of breath 6 for these trials was 0%. The overall sensitivity of the capnometer for the carbonated beverage models with a cuffed ETT was 100%, whereas the combined sensitivity for the trials with an uncuffed ETT was 67%. Under proper circumstances, a significant potential exists for false-positive colorimetric capnometric results in the presence of even small amounts of carbonated beverages.

  7. Extraverted children are more biased by bowl sizes than introverts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Ittersum, Koert; Wansink, Brian

    2013-01-01

    Extraverted children are hypothesized to be most at risk for over-serving and overeating due to environmental cues--such as the size of dinnerware. A within-subject field study of elementary school students found that extraverted children served themselves 33.1% more cereal in larger bowls (16-oz) than in smaller (12-oz) bowls, whereas introverted children were unaffected by bowl size (+5.6%, ns). However, when children were asked by adults how much cereal they wanted to eat, both extraverted and introverted children requested more cereal when given a large versus small bowl. Insofar as extraverted children appear to be more biased by environmental cues, this pilot study suggests different serving styles are recommended for parents and other caregivers. They should serve extraverts, but allow introverts to serve themselves. Still, since the average child still served 23.2% more when serving themselves than when served by an adult, it might be best for caregivers to do the serving whenever possible--especially for extraverted children.

  8. Extraverted children are more biased by bowl sizes than introverts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koert van Ittersum

    Full Text Available Extraverted children are hypothesized to be most at risk for over-serving and overeating due to environmental cues--such as the size of dinnerware. A within-subject field study of elementary school students found that extraverted children served themselves 33.1% more cereal in larger bowls (16-oz than in smaller (12-oz bowls, whereas introverted children were unaffected by bowl size (+5.6%, ns. However, when children were asked by adults how much cereal they wanted to eat, both extraverted and introverted children requested more cereal when given a large versus small bowl. Insofar as extraverted children appear to be more biased by environmental cues, this pilot study suggests different serving styles are recommended for parents and other caregivers. They should serve extraverts, but allow introverts to serve themselves. Still, since the average child still served 23.2% more when serving themselves than when served by an adult, it might be best for caregivers to do the serving whenever possible--especially for extraverted children.

  9. Final construction quality assurance report for the Y-12 Industrial Landfill V, Area 2, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bessom, W.H. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1996-11-01

    Lockheed Martin Energy Systems (LMES) has finished construction of Area 2 of the Y-12 Plant Industrial Landfill (ILF-V), classified as a Class 2 Landfill. This final Construction Quality Assurance (CQA) Report provides documentation that Area 2 was constructed in substantial compliance with the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) approved design, as indicated and specified in the permit drawings, approved changes, and specifications. This report applies specifically to the Area 2 excavation, compacted clay soil liner, geomembrane liner, granular leachate collection layer, protective soil cover, and the leachate collection system. An ``As-Built`` survey was performed and is included. The drawings provide horizontal and vertical information for Area 2, the anchor trench, the leachate collection pipe, the temporary access road, and cross-sections of Area 2. This report provides documentation of the following items: the excavation activities of Area 2; the maximum recompacted coefficient of hydraulic conductivity or permeability of the soil is less than 1 {times} 10{sup {minus}7} centimeters per second (cm/sec); the total thickness of the compacted clay soil liner equals a minimum of 2 feet; a 40 mil impermeable geomembrane (polypropylene) flexible membrane liner (FML) and 16 oz. geotextile fabric was placed in direct contact with the compacted clay soil liner; a 12 inch granular leachate collection layer was installed and covered with a 8 oz. geotextile separation fabric; the installation of the leachate collection piping; and the two foot protective clay soil cover.

  10. Rapid changes in leaf elongation, ABA and water status during the recovery phase following application of water stress in two durum wheat varieties differing in drought tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahdid, Mohamed; Kameli, Abdelkrim; Ehlert, Christina; Simonneau, Thierry

    2011-10-01

    This study aims to investigate the role of Abscisic acid (ABA) in water potential and turgor variations as well as growth recovery during the first phase of a rapid water stress induced by PEG6000. Two wheat varieties (Triticum durum L.), MBB (more tolerant) and OZ (less productive under drought), were grown in aerated nutrient solutions. Leaf elongation kinetics of the growing leaf 3 was estimated using LVDT. Water potential was measured using a pressure chamber; osmotic potential was estimated from expressed sap of elongation zone, turgor pressure of the same zone of leaf three was estimated directly by pressure probe. Growth rapidly ceased for a period of about one hour after the addition of PEG, gradual recovery was then observed for about 2 h. A significant difference was found in the % recovery of Leaf Elongation Rate (LER) and ABA between the two varieties, leading to better water status in MBB compared to OZ. The results of this study showed the possible role of ABA on growth resumption by the increase of relative water content and turgor via osmotic adjustment during the stress period in the leaves, which indicates the importance of OA in the resumption of LER even in the short term under conditions of water deficit. Full recovery of turgor but not of LER at the end stress period suggested the possible effect on cell wall extensibility (hardening) even at short term resulting from the rapid accumulation of ABA.

  11. The effect of liquid crystalline structures on antiseizure properties of aqueous solutions of ethoxylated alcohols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulek, Marian Wlodzimierz; Bak, Anna

    2010-01-12

    Aqueous solutions of ethoxylated alcohols which form lyotropic liquid crystals at high concentrations (40-80%) were selected as model lubricating substances. Microscopic studies under polarized light and viscosity measurements were carried out in order to confirm the presence of liquid crystalline structures in the case of alcohol solutions with ethoxylation degrees of 3, 5, 7 and 10. Microscopic images and viscosity coefficient values characteristic of various mesophases were obtained. As expected, the viscosity of LLCs decreases considerably with an increase in shearing rate which is characteristic of liquid crystals being non-Newtonian liquids. Antiseizure properties were determined by means of a four-ball machine (T-02 Tester) and characterized by scuffing load (P(t)), seizure load (P(oz)) and limiting pressure of seizure (p(oz)). Alcohol ethoxylates forming mesophases in aqueous solutions have the strongest effect on the P(t) values which are several times higher than those measured in the presence of water. Ethoxylates with higher degrees of ethoxylation exhibit higher values of scuffing load. Those changes have been interpreted as a result of higher cloud points at which those compounds lose their amphiphilic properties. In general, the presence of mesophases in the bulk phase and particularly in the surface phase may lead to the formation of a lubricant film which separates the frictionally cooperating elements of a friction pair. The antiseizure efficiency of alcohol solutions is highest up to the load value which does not exceed the scuffing load value.

  12. Characterization of medicine students regarding Research Methodology in Cienfuegos Medical School. Caracterización de los alumnos de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de Cienfuegos en temas de Metodología de la Investigación.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica González Brito

    Full Text Available Introduction: University excellence is linked to excellence in the educative process and research field. Objective: To determine the knowledge level about Research Methodology of Medicine students, including those in Mario Muñoz Monroy group. Methods: This study was developed in the Medicine School in Cienfuegos with a stratified sample using measurable instruments. Results: Students do not know the different kinds research, the variables and the most frequent statistic techniques.

    Introducción: El camino de la excelencia universitaria pasa, fundamentalmente, por la excelencia del proceso docente-educativo y del proceso de investigación científica. Objetivo: Determinar el nivel de conocimientos sobre Metodología de la Investigación que poseen los estudiantes de la carrera de Medicina, incluyendo a los que pertenecen al movimiento Mario Muñoz Monroy. Métodos: Estudio realizado en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de Cienfuegos, par el cual se empleó un muestreo estratificado para tener representatividad de todos los años de Medicina, se aplicaron instrumentos medibles a tales efectos. Resultados: Los estudiantes desconocen los tipos de estudio, las variables de investigación y las técnicas estadísticas más utilizadas.

  13. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, County, Contractor, and Place, FY 88. Part 1. Aguadilla, Puerto Rico-Washington, DC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    ZOO 1-4 UZnFl-W .- JC40100w wm= , . EZW "- Duo (/ OZ L...40-L..LwJZwz4- >- <aZO Z mz4-x wo wwo04/ 4 l -O<.0>Zw<< 4WZ004-IEZxen0 m<Wxw""Z000 0C/40xu0-ZZZ0...C 1 o " I- 0 c OI w L C.7 -j w- U) NOZ 00 Or- a. 0 0 00. I- <I "- =(0< (10 CD (At C C9 U) OWj l- u wI wo CD Mw-l N-wu r- 0u C/) L) w Z 0A - 1D Z o z I...C’)0 -4 -4 -4 ~ 4 .4N~ ~ 1 0 1> > 416:. > 0 0 - I4 >1 -4 ’.4 Z- m) -4CD 4 4 0 I Oz Nm m O M M M C Nc Nc w : 0 I :) N ’ 1d 4) >41()4 4 )C cc- I-z(o Z 0

  14. Effect of histone deacetylase inhibitor on proliferation of biliary tract cancer cell lines

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    Xu, Li-Ning; Wang, Xin; Zou, Sheng-Quan

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To explore the effect of histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA) on the growth of biliary tract cancer cell lines (gallbladder carcinoma cell line and cholangiocarcinoma cell line) in vivo and in vitro, and to investigate the perspective of histone deacetylase inhibitor in its clinical application. METHODS: The survival rates of gallbladder carcinoma cell line (Mz-ChA-l cell line) and cholangiocarcinoma cell lines (QBC939, KMBC and OZ cell lines) treated with various doses of TSA were detected by methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay. A nude mouse model of transplanted gallbladder carcinoma (Mz-ChA-l cell line) was successfully established, and changes in the growth of transplanted tumor after treated with TSA were measured. RESULTS: TSA could inhibit the proliferation of gallbladder carcinoma cell line (Mz-ChA-l cell line) and cholangiocarcinoma cell lines (QBC939, KMBC and OZ cell lines) in a dose-dependent manner. After the nude mouse model of transplanted gallbladder carcinoma (Mz-ChA-l cell line) was successfully established, the growth of cancer was inhibited in the model after treated with TSA. CONCLUSION: TSA can inhibit the growth of cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder carcinoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo. PMID:18442209

  15. MARZ: Manual and automatic redshifting software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, S. R.; Davis, Tamara M.; Lidman, C.; Glazebrook, K.; Lewis, G. F.

    2016-04-01

    The Australian Dark Energy Survey (OzDES) is a 100-night spectroscopic survey underway on the Anglo-Australian Telescope using the fibre-fed 2-degree-field (2dF) spectrograph. We have developed a new redshifting application MARZ with greater usability, flexibility, and the capacity to analyse a wider range of object types than the RUNZ software package previously used for redshifting spectra from 2dF. MARZ is an open-source, client-based, Javascript web-application which provides an intuitive interface and powerful automatic matching capabilities on spectra generated from the AAOmega spectrograph to produce high quality spectroscopic redshift measurements. The software can be run interactively or via the command line, and is easily adaptable to other instruments and pipelines if conforming to the current FITS file standard is not possible. Behind the scenes, a modified version of the AUTOZ cross-correlation algorithm is used to match input spectra against a variety of stellar and galaxy templates, and automatic matching performance for OzDES spectra has increased from 54% (RUNZ) to 91% (MARZ). Spectra not matched correctly by the automatic algorithm can be easily redshifted manually by cycling automatic results, manual template comparison, or marking spectral features.

  16. Towards composite spheres as building blocks for structured molecules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Lloyd L.; Pellicane, Giuseppe

    2016-10-01

    In order to design a flexible molecular model that mimics the chemical moieties of a polyatomic molecule, we propose the ‘composite-sphere’ model that can assemble the essential elements to produce the structure of the target molecule. This is likened to the polymerization process where monomers assemble to form the polymer. The assemblage is built into the pair interaction potentials which can ‘react’ (figuratively) with selective pieces into various bonds. In addition, we preserve the spherical symmetries of the individual pair potentials so that the isotropic Ornstein-Zernike equation (OZ) for multi-component mixtures can be used as a theoretical framework. We first test our approach on generating a dumbbell molecule. An equimolar binary mixture of hard spheres and square-well spheres are allowed to react to form a dimer. As the bond length shrinks to zero, we create a site-site model of a Janus-like molecule with a repulsive moiety and an attractive moiety. We employ the zero-separation (ZSEP) closure to solve the OZ equations. The structure and thermodynamic properties are calculated at three isotherms and at several densities and the results are compared with Monte Carlo simulations. The close agreement achieved demonstrates that the ZSEP closure is a reliable theory for this composite-sphere fluid model. Contribution to the George Stell Memorial Issue.

  17. Anxiety toward Mathematics (An Empirical Study in College Students in Tuxtepec Oaxaca-México

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    Arturo García-Santillán

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we examine anxiety toward mathematics in undergraduate students; therefore, we take a Muñoz and Mato anxiety scale (2007. This is a study carried out at several universities in Tuxtepec, Oaxaca, Mexico. 302 questionnaires were applied face-to-face to undergraduate students of several profiles, among others: Business Management Engineering, Civil Engineering, Public Accounting, Electro-mechanic Engineering, Biochemistry, Informatics Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Management, Nursing, Systems Computational Engineering, Logistics, Communication, Humanities, Architectural Drawing, Industrial Mechanics, Clinical Lab, Programming, and Computer Science. Statistical procedure used was factorial analysis with an extracted principal component in order to measure data. Statistics test to prove: X2, Bartlett test of Sphericity, KMO (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin, MSA (Measure sampling adequacy and Significance level: p X2 tabulated. The results obtained from the Bartlett test of Sphericity KMO (0.85, X2 calculated, 1214.505 with 10 df > X2tabulated, Sig. 0.000 p< 0.01, MSA (ANSIEVAL .817a; ANSITEM .822a; ANSICOM .870a; ANSINUM .892a; ANSISIMA .857a allow us to know that the variables of Muñoz and Mato scale help us to understand the student’s anxiety toward mathematics.

  18. Variational mean spherical scaling approximation for nonspherical molecules: The case of dimers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velázquez, Esov S.; Blum, Lesser

    1999-06-01

    The variational mean spherical scaling approximation (VMSSA) is extended to nonspherical objects in ionic solutions. The mean spherical approximation (MSA) and the binding mean spherical approximation (BIMSA) are extensions of the linearized Poisson-Boltzmann (or Debye-Hückel) approximation that treat the excluded volume of all the ions in the system in a symmetric and consistent way. For systems with Coulomb and screened Coulomb interactions in a variety of mean spherical derived approximations, it has been recently shown that the solution of the Ornstein-Zernike (OZ) equation is given in terms of a screening parameter matrix Γ̳. This includes the "primitive" model of electrolytes, in which the solvent is a continuum dielectric, but also models in which the solvent is a dipolar hard sphere, and much more recently the YUKAGUA model of water that reproduces the known neutron diffraction experiments of water quite well. The MSA can be deduced from a variational principle in which the energy is obtained from simple electrostatic considerations and the entropy is a universal function. For the primitive model it is ΔS=-k(Γ3/3π). For other models this function is more complex, but can always be expressed as an integral of known functions. We propose now a natural extension of this principle to nonspherical objects, such as dumbbells, in which the equivalence to the OZ approach can be explicitly verified.

  19. One hundred percent orange juice consumption is associated with better diet quality, improved nutrient adequacy, and no increased risk for overweight/obesity in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neil, Carol E; Nicklas, Theresa A; Rampersaud, Gail C; Fulgoni, Victor L

    2011-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association of 100% orange juice (OJ) consumption by children 2 to 18 years of age (n = 7250) participating in the 2003 to 2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey with intakes of select nutrients, MyPyramid food groups, diet quality-measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005, weight status, and associated risk factors. The National Cancer Institute method was used to estimate the usual intake of 100% OJ consumption, selected nutrients, and MyPyramid food groups. Percentages of the population below the Estimated Average Requirement were determined. Covariate adjusted logistic regression was used to determine if consumers had a lower odds ratio of being overweight or obese. Usual per capita intake of 100% OJ was 1.7 oz/d. Among consumers, the usual intake of 100% OJ for children (n = 2183; 26.2% of population) was 10.2 oz/d. Consumers had higher (P obese between consumers and nonconsumers (odds ratio, 0.86; 95% confidence interval, 0.70-1.05). Compared with nonconsumers, consumers had a higher (P children as a component of a healthy diet.

  20. Projected current density comparison in tDCS block and smooth FE modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indahlastari, Aprinda; Chauhan, Munish; Sadleir, Rosalind J

    2016-08-01

    Current density distribution and projected current density calculation following transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) forward model in a human head were compared between two modeling pipelines: block and smooth. Block model was directly constructed from MRI voxel resolution and simulated in C. Smooth models underwent a boundary smoothing process by applying recursive Gaussian filters and simulated in COMSOL. Three smoothing levels were added to determine their effects on current density distribution compared to block models. Median current density percentage differences were calculated in anterior superior temporal gyrus (ASTG), hippocampus (HIP), inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), occipital lobes (OCC) and precentral gyrus (PRC) and normalized against a baseline value. A maximum of + 20% difference in median current density was found for three standard electrode montages: F3-RS, T7-T8 and Cz-Oz. Furthermore, median current density percentage differences in each montage target brain structures were found to be within + 7%. Higher levels of smoothing increased median current density percentage differences in T7-T8 and Cz-Oz target structures. However, while demonstrating similar trends in each montage, additional smoothing levels showed no clear relationship between their smoothing effects and calculated median current density in the five cortical structures. Finally, relative L2 error in reconstructed projected current density was found to be 17% and 21% for block and smooth pipelines, respectively. Overall, a block model workflow may be a more attractive alternative for simulating tDCS stimulation because involves a shorter modeling time and independence from commercial modeling platforms.