WorldWideScience

Sample records for dollars

  1. Inventory - Dollars and sense

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Samson, J.R.

    1992-01-01

    Nuclear utilities are becoming more aware of the importance of having an inventory investment that supports two opposing philosophies. The business philosophy wants a minimal inventory investment to support a better return on invested dollars. This increase in return comes from having the dollars available to invest versus having the money tied up in inventory sitting on the shelf. The opposing viewpoint is taken by maintenance/operations organizations, which desire the maximum inventory available on-site to repair any component at any time to keep the units on-line at all times. Financial managers also want to maintain cash flow throughout operations so that plants run without interruptions. Inventory management is therefore a mixture of financial logistics with an operation perspective in mind. A small amount of common sense and accurate perception also help. The challenge to the materials/inventory manager is to optimize effectiveness of the inventory by having high material availability at the lowest possible cost

  2. Regional Inflation and Financial Dollarization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brown, M.; de Haas, R.; Sokolov, V.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: We exploit variation in consumer price inflation across 71 Russian regions to examine the relationship between the perceived stability of the local currency and financial dollarization. Our results show that regions with higher inflation experience an increase in the dollarization of

  3. Oil price and the dollar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coudert, V.; Mignon, V.; Penot, A.

    2007-01-01

    Oil prices and the United States (US) dollar exchange rate are driving the evolution of the world economy. This paper investigated long-term relationships between oil prices and the US effective exchange rate. An empirical study was performed on oil prices and the dollar real effective exchange rate between 1974 to 2004. The impact of the dollar exchange rate was also explored, and the effects of oil prices on supply and demand were considered. A dynamic partial equilibrium framework study was evaluated in order to compare how other countries used revenues from oil exports in dollars. The study showed that both variables had similar evolutions when price fluctuations were low. Strong increases in the dollar were associated with lower oil prices. However, adjustment speeds of the dollar real effective exchange rate was slow. Co-integration and causality tests showed that oil prices influenced the exchange rate, and that the link between the 2 variables was transmitted through the country's net foreign asset position. It was concluded that higher oil prices improved US net foreign asset position in relation to other countries, and had a positive impact on dollar appreciation. 24 refs., 6 tabs., 1 fig

  4. Dollar aina tugevneb / Kristel Raesaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raesaar, Kristel

    2000-01-01

    Valuutaspekulantide hirm USA majanduse järsu halvenemise ees on lahtunud ja vahepeal nõrgenenud dollar võib lähinädalatel taas rünnata uusi rekordtasemeid. Graafik: Dollari kursi muutus alates euro loomisest

  5. Your Automobile Dollar. Money Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet is designed to help first-time car buyers determine if they can or should buy a car and how to get the most from their car-buying dollar. Leasing and renting options also are discussed. The booklet outlines the process of buying a new car, starting with a review of sizes, types, and features. This is followed by a rundown on showroom…

  6. Currency speculation and dollar fluctuations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Schulmeister

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study the reasons behind the wide fluctuations of the dollar exchange rate following the breakdown of the Bretton Woods system, for the most part unexplained by the prevailing exchange rate theories, are explored. To do so, the author investigates the exchange rate between the two most traded currencies, the dollar and the deutschemark, from 1973 to 1988. In the first part, the pattern of the daily exchange rate movements is examined to show that a sequence of upward and downward trends interrupted by non-directional movements is typical of exchange rate dynamics in the short run. Moreover, this pattern is systemically exploited through currency speculation, particularly through the use of “technical analysis”. In the second part, the author focuses on the medium-term, arguing that fluctuations can be explained as the result of interacting disequilibria in the goods and asset markets. Although currency speculation has been systemically profitable for most currencies, it should be considered to be destabilizing since the sequence of price runs caused large and persistent deviations of exchange rates from their equilibrium values (purchasing power parity.

  7. Cognitive processing of currency: Euros and Dollars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macizo, Pedro; Morales, Luis

    2015-11-01

    In the current study, we evaluated whether the processing of currency was determined by familiarity of people with banknotes. In Experiment 1, participants who used the Euro currency named sequences of Euro banknotes and Dollar banknotes blocked by category or mixed with exemplars of other categories. The participants showed an interference effect in the blocked context with Dollar banknotes but not with Euro banknotes. In Experiment 2, the interference effect was observed with Euro banknotes when participants were not familiar with the Euro currency. These results suggest that the semantic processing of banknotes depends on the participants' familiarity with currency. © 2015 The British Psychological Society.

  8. Dollarization in emerging markets: evidence from Georgia

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Loiseau-Aslanidi, Olga

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 48, č. 3 (2012), s. 70-84 ISSN 1540-496X Grant - others:UK(CZ) GAUK 259027 Institutional support: PRVOUK-P23 Keywords : dollarization * Georgia * money-in-utility function Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 1.190, year: 2012

  9. Do You Automate? Saving Time and Dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmichael, Christine H.

    2010-01-01

    An automated workforce management strategy can help schools save jobs, improve the job satisfaction of teachers and staff, and free up precious budget dollars for investments in critical learning resources. Automated workforce management systems can help schools control labor costs, minimize compliance risk, and improve employee satisfaction.…

  10. Stabilization Policy and the Costs of Dollarization

    OpenAIRE

    Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe; Martin Uribe

    2000-01-01

    This paper compares the welfare costs of business cycles in a dollarized economy to those arising in economies with different monetary arrangements. The alternative monetary policy regimes studied belong to three broad families: devaluation rate rules, inflation targeting, and money growth rate rules. The analysis is conducted within an optimizing model of a small open economy with sticky prices. The model is calibrated to the Mexican economy and is driven by three external shocks: terms of t...

  11. Squeezing the most from your audit dollar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Greenwell, W.D.

    1981-01-01

    Basic requirements for auditing nuclear power plant quality assurance programs are described to ANSI N45.2.12. The paper discusses the quality assurance discipline of auditing within the nuclear power industry. It reflects actual work philosophy and techniques developed by one Architect/Engineer/Construction Q.A. management Audit Group to assess implemented programs while providing maximum benefit from each audit dollar

  12. Costs to build Fermilab in 1984 dollars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jordan, N.G.; Livdahl, P.V.

    1984-02-01

    It is of current interest to examine the costs incurred to date to build Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and to determine what those costs are when stated in FY 1984 constant dollars. The appended tables are in support of this exercise and are based on all costs for Equipment items (reduced by obsolescence) and all Plant Projects which have been appropriated through FY 1984. Also included are non-plant costs which are required to complete the Energy Saver, Tevatron I and II projects (i.e., Equipment and R and D in support of Construction). This study makes the assumption that all funding through FY 1984 will have been costed by the end of FY 1986. Those costs incurred in FY 1985 and FY 1986 have been deflated to FY 1984 dollars. See Appendix A for the DOE inflation factors used in the conversion to FY 1984 dollars. The costs are identified in three categories. The Accelerator Facilities include all accelerator components, the buildings which enclose them and utilities which support them. The Experimental Facilities include all beam lines, enclosures, utilities and experimental equipment which are usable in current experimental programs. The Support Facilities include lab and office space, shops, assembly facilities, roads, grounds and the utilities which do not specifically support the Accelerator or Experimental Facilities, etc

  13. 31 CFR 103.51 - Dollars as including foreign currency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING OF CURRENCY AND FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS General Provisions § 103.51 Dollars as including foreign currency. Wherever in this part an amount is stated in dollars, it shall be deemed to mean... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dollars as including foreign currency...

  14. Million Dollar Baby (2004 and Palliative Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Elías García Sánchez

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The worst misfortune that can befall an old, tormented and fearful boxing trainer is that the pupil he is training and of whom he is very fond should have a lesion as serious as a quadriplegia. This is the crux of the plot in Million Dollar Baby. A person who suffers a quadriplegia sees how most of her physical and sensorial abilities disappear and habitually suffers psychological disturbances requiring palliative medical care. Relatives are subjected to great stress and suffering. All these aspects are reflected, in general accurately, in the film.

  15. Strong Dollar, Weak Dollar: Foreign Exchange Rates and the U.S. Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilling, Tim

    Many generalizations sound simple enough--for example, "strong is good, weak is bad"--but they can be confusing when talking about money. This booklet explores how the U.S. dollar and foreign currencies affect each other and how their interaction affects the individual and the economy. The booklet contains the following sections:…

  16. ANALISIS PERUBAHAN KURS RUPIAH TERHADAP DOLLAR AMERIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triyono Triyono

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This research analyse influence of money supply, inflation, SBI rate of interest, and import to Indonesia Rupiah exchange rate to US Dollar. In analysis, used multiple regression analysis instrument with model Error Correction Model (ECM. With this method obtained equation of regression in long-run and short-run equilibrium. In the long run equilibrium model, covered series of adjustment process that bringing every shock to equilibrium. In other word, in the long run very possibly performed full adjustment to every changes in arising out. Estimation result from regression ECM and long-run analysis indicate that inflation variable, SBI rate of interest, and import have significant influence with positive direction to exchange rate. While variable JUB have influence with negative direction to exchange rate.

  17. Throughput/inventory dollar-days

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gupta, Mahesh; Andersen, Soeren

    2018-01-01

    As the semiconductor industry moves away from vertical integration, performance measures play an increasingly important role to ensure effective collaboration. This paper demonstrates that the theory of constraints (TOC)-based measures, Throughput and Inventory Dollar-Days (T/IDD), induce...... autonomous supply chain (SC) links to function as a synergistic whole and thereby, improve the performance of the whole SC network significantly. We model an SC network of a well-known TOC case study using discrete event simulation and discuss managerial implications of these measures via a set of scenarios....... The scenarios explain how these measures – without sharing sensitive financial data – allow members of an SC network to monitor both the effectiveness (TDD) and efficiency (IDD) of SC members and lead them to create win-win solutions following well-known TOC-based planning and control concepts. We conclude...

  18. Targeting Inflation in a Dollarized Economy: The Peruvian Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Adrián Armas; Francisco Grippa

    2005-01-01

    This discusses the unique experience of Peru`s Central Bank with inflation targeting in an economy characterized by a high degree of financial dollarization. The paper outlines how Peru has taken financial dollarization into consideration in the design of monetary policy, then deals with monetary policy implementation and the Central Bank`s strategy for controlling financial dollarization risks. The paper concludes with analysis and lessons drawn from the Peruvian case.

  19. The trillion dollar power project jackpot

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roseman, E.J.

    1994-01-01

    International power needs, if not insatiable, are certainly of a magnitude beyond anything heretofore imagined. The international opportunities for independent power development are huge: Power Plants -- $700 to $800 billion worth of the new facilities will be needed by the year 2000; Transmission and Distribution -- Expansion of services will require an additional $300 to $400 billion; and Repowering and Improving Existing Plants -- The estimate is $40-$60 billion. RCG/Hagler, Bailly tracks the international power project development activities of over a hundred developers, and monitors the emerging private power market in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. On behalf of private clients and multi-lateral institutions, the authors have worked in more than three dozen countries in the past two years. There are far-reaching global implications involved in this massive movement toward independent power projects. New levels of international economic growth depend on it. Far greater energy efficiencies must accompany it. Environmental problems which will arise must be recognized and solved. The results from the trillion dollars that are to be invested will be far-reaching, dramatic, and vastly beneficial

  20. Global Absolute Poverty: Behind the Veil of Dollars

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moatsos, M.

    2017-01-01

    The widely applied “dollar-a-day” methodology identifies global absolute poverty as declining precipitously since the early 80’s throughout the developing world. The methodological underpinnings of the “dollar-a-day” approach have been questioned in terms of adequately representing equivalent

  1. 26 CFR 1.7872-15 - Split-dollar loans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...'s death benefit proceeds, the policy's cash surrender value, or both. (ii) Payments that are only... regarding certain split-dollar term loans payable on the death of an individual, certain split-dollar term... insurance arrangement make a representation—(i) Requirement. An otherwise noncontingent payment on a split...

  2. Corporate governance for trillion dollar opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugh Grove

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Boards of Directors will have to play a key role in the technological survival and development of companies by asking corporate executives about their plans and strategies for these emerging technological changes and challenges. Key challenges and opportunities discussed in this paper, with corresponding corporate governance implications, included Big Data, Artificial Intelligence (AI with Industry 4.0, AI with the Internet of Things (IoT, Deep Learning, and Neural Networks. Survival should not be the goal, but it may be the necessary first step for today’s companies. Potential winners seizing these trillion dollar opportunities will be company executives and Boards of Directors who can incorporate these technological changes into specific new business models, strategies, and practices. While the awareness on boards regarding risks originating from disruptive innovation, cyber threats and privacy risks has been increasing, Boards of Directors must equally be able to challenge executives and identify opportunities and threats for their companies. This shift for companies is not only about digital technology but also cultural. How can people be managed when digital, virtual ways of working are increasing? What do robotics and Big Data analysis mean for managing people? One way to accelerate the digital learning process has been advocated: the use of digital apprentices for boards. For example, Board Apprentice, a non-profit organization, has already placed digital apprentices on boards for a year-long period (which helps to educate both apprentices and boards in five different countries. Additional plans and strategies are needed in this age of digitalization and lifelong learning. For example, cybersecurity risks are magnified by all these new technology trends, such as Big Data, AI, Industry 4.0, and IoT. Accordingly, the main findings of this paper are analysing the challenges and opportunities for corporate executives, Boards of Directors

  3. USA dollar langes eile alla 12 krooni / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Odavast dollarist kaotavad Eesti ettevõtjatest dollaritsooni eksportijad, võidavad importijad. Skeem: Dollari kurss tagasi 90ndate aastate keskpaiga tasemel. Vt. samas: Tõnis Oja. Ameerikale nõrk dollar meeldib

  4. Canadian Food Dollar: Breakdown between Farm and Marketing Costs

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly, Jessica; Weersink, Alfons; Cranfield, John

    2013-01-01

    This poster assesses the breakdown of the Canadian food dollar between farm and marketing costs. It uses input-output methods, comparable to those used by the Economic Research Service (ERS), in order to allow for Canadian-American comparison. The farm share and marketing bill provide a valuable snapshot of the dynamics of the agri-food supply chain, changing consumer demands, and the resultant value distribution of the retail food dollar.

  5. Hedge Effectiveness in the Brazilian US Dollar Futures Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Lima Gomes

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, one could observe a very definite surge in dollar prices in Brazil. Many Brazilian Companies, especially those with large amounts of dollar denominated debt incurred substantial losses due to the strong and fast growth of the dollar. The subsequent dollar price collapse from 2002 to 2008 caused great losses to exporters. In the context of hedge being a form of protection against currency oscillations, this paper aimed to study its effectiveness using the dollar future market in the BM&FBovespa. Specifically, four alternatives for calculating the optimum hedge ratio were compared: a the so called naïve approach, where opposite positions are taken in the spot and future markets; b OLS – Ordinary Least Squares c symmetric bi-variate GARCH (Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity; d asymmetric bi-variate GARCH. The results showed that both GARCH supported hedge ratios presented higher effectiveness when compared to OLS, with in turn surpassed the naïve one.

  6. Philanthro-metrics: Mining multi-million-dollar gifts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Una O Osili

    Full Text Available The Million Dollar List (MDL, online at http://www.milliondollarlist.org is a compilation of publicly announced charitable donations of $1 million or more from across the United States since 2000; as of December 2016, the database contains close to 80,000 gifts made by U.S. individuals, corporations, foundations, and other grant-making nonprofit organizations. This paper discusses the unique value of the Million Dollar List and provides unique insights to key questions such as: How does distance affect giving? How do networks impact million-dollar-plus gifts? Understanding the geospatial and temporal dimensions of philanthropy can assist researchers and policymakers to better understand the role of private funding in innovation and discovery. Moreover, the results from the paper emphasize the importance of philanthropy for fueling research and development in science, the arts, environment, and health. The paper also includes the limitations of the presented analyses and promising future work.

  7. US DOLLAR STABILITY AND THE GLOBAL CURRENCY RESERVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristijan Gavranić

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The participation of the United States in the First and the Second World War, as well as in the Vietnam War led to an increase in expenditures for the US national defense and the need to finance such expenditures from the primary emission. This further led to the rising inflation and the falling value of the dollar. Since today the US dollar holds a leading position in the world's foreign exchange reserves, its decline would have an effect on reduction of the foreign exchange reserves value.

  8. Faktor - Faktor Determinan Kurs Rupiah Terhadap Dollar Amer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    elys fauziyah

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is a developing country that is often affected by fluctuations in foreign exchange rates, especially US Dollar. This condition is the effect of the government policies that implement the floating exchange rate system since August 14, 1977. The aims of this study are to know the development and to analyze the effect of macroeconomic variables on the Rupiah exchange rate against US Dollar in 2008-2014. The method which used in this study is descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression. The results of the study show that during 2008-2014, the variables of inflation, interest rate (BI rate of Indonesia’s balance of payments, and exports fluctuated, while the variable of PDB tended to increase. Other results show that interest rates and gross domestic product have a positive effect on the exchange rate of Rupiah against US Dollar, whereas the inflation and exports have a negative effect. Meanwhile, Indonesia’s balance of payments does not significantly affect the Rupiah against US Dollar.

  9. Eesti ettevõtteid dollar ei heiduta / Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Piret, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    Kuigi dollar on aastate jooksul läbi teinud tugeva languse, on Eesti ettevõtted USA turu suhtes optimistlikud ning kasvatavad ka ekspordimahtusid. Kommenteerivad Ülo Kaasik ja Hardo Pajula. Diagramm: Euro on eelmise aasta oktoobrist sammhaaval dollari suhtes tugevnenud. Vt. samas: Kertu Ruus. USA ettevõtja näeb dollarit kui äri

  10. Smart Energy Choices Free Up Dollars for Capital Improvements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchey, David

    2003-01-01

    Describes several ways to design or renovate school building to save thousand of dollars of energy costs. Considers site design, energy-efficient building envelope, renewable energy systems, lighting and electrical systems, mechanical and ventilation systems, water conservation, and transportation. Describes how to obtain information about the…

  11. Proton collider breaks the six-billion-dollar barrier

    CERN Multimedia

    Vaughan, C

    1990-01-01

    The SSC will cost at least 1 billion more than its estimated final price of 5.9 billion dollars. Critics in congress believe the final bill could be double that figure. The director of the SSC blames most of the increase in cost on technical problems with developing the superconducting magnets for the SSC (1/2 page).

  12. Kaun Banega Crorepati - A Million Dollars for a Mathematician

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    after a long journey with his left and right hands interchanged as with the swimmer in the Moebius band. I can now state the million dollar question - the Poincare conjecture. Is any compact simply connected 3-manifold homeomorphic to the 3-sphere? This question can be suitably generalised to higher dimensions.

  13. The turning black tide : energy prices and the Canadian dollar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Issa, R.; Lafrance, R.; Murray, J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper examined the relationship between energy prices and the Canadian-United States dollar real exchange rate. The researchers evaluated the standard Amano-van Norden (AvN) equation formulated to demonstrate that higher real energy prices lead to a depreciation of the Canadian dollar. Major developments in the Canadian energy market were discussed, as well as policy initiatives designed to address Canada's trade balance by increasing energy exports. The study examined the AvN equation using Monte Carlo experiments to determine the parameter stability of the equation. Results indicated that the co-integrating relationship in the standard AvN equation were no longer supported. Structural break tests were used to demonstrate that major changes in Canada's energy policies and cross-border trade and investment strategies have led to an increase in the Canadian dollar's value when energy prices are high. The study presented a new equation designed to account for Canadian dollar's appreciation since 2003. It was concluded that net energy exports in the 1990s outweighed the negatives associated with Canada's energy-intensive production processes. 39 refs., 6 tabs., 10 figs

  14. Dollarization in transition economies: new evidence from Georgia

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Aslanidi, Olga

    -, č. 366 (2008), s. 1-31 ISSN 1211-3298 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC542 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : dollarization * Georgia * money-in-utility-function Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp366.pdf

  15. The turning black tide : energy prices and the Canadian dollar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Issa, R.; Lafrance, R.; Murray, J. [Bank of Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    2008-08-15

    This paper examined the relationship between energy prices and the Canadian-United States dollar real exchange rate. The researchers evaluated the standard Amano-van Norden (AvN) equation formulated to demonstrate that higher real energy prices lead to a depreciation of the Canadian dollar. Major developments in the Canadian energy market were discussed, as well as policy initiatives designed to address Canada's trade balance by increasing energy exports. The study examined the AvN equation using Monte Carlo experiments to determine the parameter stability of the equation. Results indicated that the co-integrating relationship in the standard AvN equation were no longer supported. Structural break tests were used to demonstrate that major changes in Canada's energy policies and cross-border trade and investment strategies have led to an increase in the Canadian dollar's value when energy prices are high. The study presented a new equation designed to account for Canadian dollar's appreciation since 2003. It was concluded that net energy exports in the 1990s outweighed the negatives associated with Canada's energy-intensive production processes. 39 refs., 6 tabs., 10 figs.

  16. The impacts of dollarization on Zimbabwe’s tourism industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kabote, F.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The word “dollarization” has been used to describe the adoption of United States Dollar (US$ or other major advanced country’s currency as the currency of choice in a foreign country. Upon adoption in 2009 February, Zimbabweans and the tourism industry were optimistic about the future as they thought it would bring a more stable economy. Three years down the line it is prudent to evaluate and see if this much talked about and praised economic move had any effect on the performance of one key sector of the Zimbabwean economy (Tourism. To answer this question a graphical and quantitative analysis of Zimbabwean Tourism industry performance indicators was done. The data was grouped into pre-2009 and post-2009 and compared the means and variables between these two eras. The results of the analysis lead us to conclude that there is a positive impact of dollarization on the Zimbabwean Tourism industry.

  17. Bitcoin, gold and the dollar: A GARCH volatility analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Dyhrberg, Anne Haubo

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the financial asset capabilities of bitcoin using GARCH models. The initial model showed several similarities to gold and the dollar indicating hedging capabilities and advantages as a medium of exchange. The asymmetric GARCH showed that bitcoin may be useful in risk management and ideal for risk averse investors in anticipation of negative shocks to the market. Overall bitcoin has a place on the financial markets and in portfolio management as it can be classified as some...

  18. Dollarization in East Africa: Causes, Consequences, and Future Forecasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Sayid Hassan Musse

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The dollarization phenomenon has been widespread among the East African countries for many decades. This trend results in several consequences that might be either beneficial or harmful to these countries and their likes.The objective of this research was to empirically examine the causes, consequences and the future scenarios of dollarization in one of the leading regional countries such as Somalia. The research used a survey of over 100respondents and applied descriptive statistics and t-tests to achieve the above objectives. The findings show that the main causes of Dollarization in Somalia are the implementation of the Hawallah (money transfer system,the remarkable absence of the central bank and other monitoring financial authorities, the increasing exports and imports of the Somalian economy, the loss of confidence in the local Somalian Shilling, and the relative ease atwhich the Somalian Shilling can be printed and manipulated by selected market players. These causes are found to be mainly triggered by the revenue from exports, the policies and regulations implemented by the Somali government, the Somali Diaspora, and the international aid organizations. This has resulted in the foreign traders buying Somali goods at a relatively lower price and taking advantage of the depreciated Somali Shilling against most international currencies.

  19. Dollar as the world's reserve currency: Challenges and prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovačević Radovan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The US dollar gained the status of the world's reserve currency in the Bretton Woods system and has preserved it until the present day. Such position in international finance entails both advantages and disadvantages to the USA as the issuer of this currency, and to the rest of the world using it in trading, as store of value, and for the purpose of various financial operations and transactions. After the collapse of the Bretton Woods system, the regime of fixed FX rates was replaced by floating FX rates. Yet, regardless of this change, the dollar kept its role of the world's reserve currency. Numerous banking and currency crises following the transfer to the floating FX rates regime, along with the shifts in international capital flows, forced the developing countries and countries in transition to increase their FX reserves. In the tendency to store their value, central banks usually invest them into US Treasury securities, as liquid and reliable assets. However, due to the risk incurred by the reliance on a single national currency in the role of the world's reserve currency, there have been many proposals to reform the international monetary system. According to the current global tendencies, the most serious candidates for acquiring the status of the world's reserve currency in the future are the dollar, the euro, and the Chinese yuan.

  20. 77 FR 22467 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop Provisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-16

    ...-0006] RIN 0563-AC32 Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop... Insurance Corporation (FCIC) finalizes the Common Crop Insurance Regulations, Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar... Common Crop Insurance Regulations (7 CFR part 457), Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop Provisions...

  1. 26 CFR 1.61-22 - Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxation of split-dollar life insurance..., and Taxable Income § 1.61-22 Taxation of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. (a) Scope—(1) In general. This section provides rules for the taxation of a split-dollar life insurance arrangement for...

  2. The Canadian Dollar and the Dutch and Canadian Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge Coulombe

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available With the spectacular rise of the dollar, along with rising natural-resource prices during the first decade of the 21st century, Canadians heard a great deal about Dutch disease. Many politicians and pundits blamed the phenomenon — in which a country’s currency, inflated by rising commodity prices, renders manufacturing exports increasingly uncompetitive — for rising unemployment in the Canadian manufacturing industry. But a close look at what happened during that period reveals that the Dutch disease mechanism was only part of the story. The other part, and quantitatively the most important, is an affliction of an altogether different providence: Canadian disease. Canadian disease is the economic trouble that can be caused by Canada’s extraordinarily heavy reliance on the United States as a trading partner. As a consequence, a sudden depreciation of the U.S, dollar will deteriorate the competitiveness of Canadian manufacturing exporters. Such a phenomenon was at work during the “Great Appreciation” of the Canadian dollar between 2002 and 2008 — the largest such appreciation on record in this country. The depreciation of the U.S. dollar is a phenomenon that is independent of the resource boom and the resulting consequences on the Canadian economy cannot be endorsed to a Dutch disease. Almost 2/3 of the employment losses that are exchange rate related in the trade-exposed manufacturers in Canada during the 2002–2008 period could be attributed to the Canadian disease. The Canadian dollar is partly driven by commodity prices, and the appreciation of the Canadian dollar exerts a negative impact on manufacturing industries that are exposed to international competition. This phenomenon can be coined as a Dutch Affair. The Dutch Affair becomes a disease in the long run when the non-renewable resource is depleted and the manufacturing base is gone. New manufacturing activities might not reappear due to a variety of obstacles. In Canada

  3. Water and life from snow: A trillion dollar science question

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturm, Matthew; Goldstein, Michael A.; Parr, Charles

    2017-05-01

    Snow provides essential resources/services in the form of water for human use, and climate regulation in the form of enhanced cooling of the Earth. In addition, it supports a thriving winter outdoor recreation industry. To date, the financial evaluation of the importance of snow is incomplete and hence the need for accelerated snow research is not as clear as it could be. With snow cover changing worldwide in several worrisome ways, there is pressing need to determine global, regional, and local rates of snow cover change, and to link these to financial analyses that allow for rational decision making, as risks related to those decisions involve trillions of dollars.

  4. [The Six Million Dollar Man: from fiction to reality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langeveld, C H Kees

    2013-01-01

    The term 'bionic' has been in existence since 1958, but only gained general recognition from the television series 'The Six Million Dollar Man'. Following a crash, the central figure in this series - test pilot Steve Austin - has an eye, an arm and both legs replaced by prostheses which make him stronger and faster than a normal person. This story is based on the science fiction book 'Cyborg' by Martin Caidin. In the world of comic books and films there are a number of examples of people who are given superhuman powers by having technological gadgets built in. Although the latter is not yet possible, the bionic human has now become reality.

  5. Oil price fluctuations and U.S. dollar exchange rates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lizardo, Radhames A.; Mollick, Andre V.

    2010-01-01

    Adding oil prices to the monetary model of exchange rates, we find that oil prices significantly explain movements in the value of the U.S. dollar (USD) against major currencies from the 1970s to 2008. Our long-run and forecasting results are remarkably consistent with an oil-exchange rate relationship. Increases in real oil prices lead to a significant depreciation of the USD against net oil exporter currencies, such as Canada, Mexico, and Russia. On the other hand, the currencies of oil importers, such as Japan, depreciate relative to the USD when the real oil price goes up. (author)

  6. ANALISIS PARITAS DAYA BELI KURS RUPIAH TERHADAP DOLLAR AMERIKA SERIKAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elysa Pernika Simanjuntak

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis bagaimana penerapan teori paritas daya beli kurs Rupiah terhadap Dollar AS dalam jangka panjang maupun jangka pendek dan pengaruh tingkat inflasi, produk domestik bruto, jumlah uang beredar, dan cadangan devisa terhadap kurs Rp/USD dengan menggunakan alat analisis Error Correction Model Engle-Granger. Variabel dependen dalam penelitian ini adalah kurs, sedangkan variabel independennya adalah inflasi, produk domesti bruto, jumlah uang beredar, dan cadangan devisa. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dalam jangka panjang maupun jangka pendek, teori paritas daya beli berlaku pada kurs Rupiah terhadap Dollar Amerika Serikat. Variabel independen secara bersama-sama berpengaruh terhadap kurs Rupiah dalam jangka pendek maupun jangka panjang kecuali variabel jumlah uang beredar tidak berpengaruh dalam jangka panjang dan cadangan devisa tidak berpengaruh terhadap kurs dalam jangka pendek. Rekomendasi dari penelitian ini adalah Bank Indonesia selaku bank sentral Republik Indonesia diharapkan lebih berhati- hati dalam mengambil kebijakan yang tepat demi menjaga kestabilan nilai tukar Rupiah. Salah satunya tetap mengawasi kebijakan yang ditetapkan pemerintah mengenai pemakaian Rupiah untuk seluruh transaksi dalam negeri.  This research aims to analyze how the application of the theory of purchasing power parity exchange rate of the Rupiah against the US Dollar in the long term and short term and influence the rate of inflation, GDP, money supply, and the foreign exchange reserves of the exchange rate of Rp/USD by using analytical tools Error Correction Model Engle-Granger. Dependent variable in this study is the exchange rate, while the independent variables are inflation, gross domestic product, money supply, and the foreign exchange reserves. The results of this study indicated that in the long term and short term, the theory of purchasing power parity exchange rate prevailing at the Rupiah against the US

  7. Evaluating the Impact of Macroeconomic Factors on the Level of Dollarization in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krasnova Iryna V.

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of the article are identifying causal relationships between the macroeconomic determinants and the level of dollarization in Ukraine, as well as determining the activities for de-dollarization. The prerequisites, causes and consequences of dollarization have been covered. On the external grounds, dollarization is recognized as a manifestation of financial integration, on internal grounds, as a consequence of financial instability. The main types and forms of dollarization have been allocated. Forms of financial dollarization have been considered as: deposit, credit and monetary. The determinants that potentially impact the dollarization level have been allocated. According to the results of a correlation analysis, the thesis of direct strong connection between dollarization and currency deposits, i.e. the dominance of deposit dollarization, has been confirmed. In order to determine the causal nature of the interdependencies between variables and the level of dollarization, a Granger causality test was carried out, which confirmed the hypothesis of the significant influence of psychological attitudes and the distrust of economic agents towards the policies of government and monetary authorities. A set of macroeconomic, market and incentive de-dollarization activities have been proposed.

  8. Advancing the design of a dynamic petro-dollar currency basket

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elbeck, Matt

    2010-01-01

    This study offers Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) member nations a crude oil pricing currency basket based on currency liquidity, in contrast with prior emphasis on OPEC trading patterns. Motivating the search for an alternative US dollar pricing of crude oil is the significant and inverse relationship (r=-0.82, p<0.01) between the US dollar major currencies index and crude oil price over the period January 1999-March 2009. A dynamically weighted petro-dollar currency basket is proposed based on the five currency claims (US dollar, Euro, British pound, Japanese yen and Swiss franc) and their varying proportions of foreign exchange reserves held by central banks. The major currencies US dollar index is compared against the proposed petro-dollar index to reveal an average US$8.1 billion annual gain in favor of the petro-dollar currency basket, offering OPEC members a revenue stream of diversified and highly liquid currencies to transition away from complete dependence on the US dollar crude oil pricing. The proposed petro-dollar crude oil pricing schema offers OPEC a crude oil price dynamically denominated in currencies reflecting the global use and importance of crude oil. This paper concludes with implementation issues facing a move toward the dynamically weighted petro-dollar crude oil pricing schema. (author)

  9. Winglets Save Billions of Dollars in Fuel Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    The upturned ends now featured on many airplane wings are saving airlines billions of dollars in fuel costs. Called winglets, the drag-reducing technology was advanced through the research of Langley Research Center engineer Richard Whitcomb and through flight tests conducted at Dryden Flight Research Center. Seattle-based Aviation Partners Boeing -- a partnership between Aviation Partners Inc., of Seattle, and The Boeing Company, of Chicago -- manufactures Blended Winglets, a unique design featured on Boeing aircraft around the world. These winglets have saved more than 2 billion gallons of jet fuel to date, representing a cost savings of more than $4 billion and a reduction of almost 21.5 million tons in carbon dioxide emissions.

  10. Dollarization hysteresis, network externalities and the “past legacy” effect: the case of Bolivia

    OpenAIRE

    Bernardo X. Fernández Tellería

    2007-01-01

    Dollarization in Bolivia rose rapidly immediately after the hyperinflation and currency crisis episode that took place between 1984 and 1985, but failed to reduce and, in fact, continued increasing the following years. In order to explain this dollarization hysteresis, this document proposes and estimates a model, based in the work of Oomes (2003), where network externalities can generate multiple steady-states for dollarization while a so-called past legacy effect increases the likelihood of...

  11. The twin risks in the dollarization debate: country and devaluation risks

    OpenAIRE

    Druck, Pablo; Morón, Eduardo

    2001-01-01

    This paper discusses dollarization from the perspective of the relation between country and devaluation risk. In the absence of balance sheet effects, we find that a full dollarization of an economy increases its country risk. On the other hand, when balance sheet effects are present, the full dollarization could reduce country risk. The link between these two risks is based on the government's financial needs. In this paper government devalue the currency for fiscal purposes. Consequently, a...

  12. The U.S. dollar exchange rate and the demand for oil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schryder, Selien de; Peersman, Gert [Gent Univ. (Belgium). Dept. of Financial Economics

    2013-02-15

    Using recent advances in panel data estimation techniques, we find that an appreciation of the US dollar exchange rate leads to a significant decline in oil demand for a sample of 65 oil-importing countries. The estimated effect turns out to be much larger than the impact of a shift in the global crude oil price expressed in US dollar. Furthermore, the effect of the US dollar on oil demand tends to be declining over time and, for a subsample of OECD countries, stronger for an appreciation compared to a depreciation of the US dollar.

  13. The U.S. dollar exchange rate and the demand for oil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schryder, Selien de; Peersman, Gert

    2013-01-01

    Using recent advances in panel data estimation techniques, we find that an appreciation of the US dollar exchange rate leads to a significant decline in oil demand for a sample of 65 oil-importing countries. The estimated effect turns out to be much larger than the impact of a shift in the global crude oil price expressed in US dollar. Furthermore, the effect of the US dollar on oil demand tends to be declining over time and, for a subsample of OECD countries, stronger for an appreciation compared to a depreciation of the US dollar.

  14. Investigating unusual changes in real-dollar exchange rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Pechir Gomes

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Price distributions forecast has become a relevant subject for risk and pricing literature. Special concern resides on tail probabilities, which usually present more severe observations than Normal distributions would predict. This work aims to verify ifthe volatility implied in real-dollar options contains useful information about unexpected large-magnitude returns. Implied volatility is also checked as a predictor for realized volatility. Our results indicate that implied volatilities provide useful information on unusual returns and also work as a good predictor for observed volatility. Moreover, we implement an early-warning system and implied volatilities seem to signalize large-magnitude returns.A previsibilidade das distribuições de preços de ativos financeiros consiste em tema relevante tanto na literatura de risco como de apreçamento de ativos. Interesse especial reside na investigação acerca das probabilidades dos eventos de cauda, cujas realizações apresentam impacto de maior severidade comparativamente ao previsto pela distribuição Normal. Este trabalho tem como objetivo verificar se as volatilidades implícitas de opções de dólar detêm conteúdo informacional e poder preditivo em relação a retornos de grande magnitude. Nossos resultados sugerem que essas expectativas de mercado, de fato, carregam informação relevante sobre retornos futuros, além de conter poder preditivo significativo.

  15. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-18 - Split-dollar life insurance arrangements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... life insurance arrangements. See §§ 1.61-22 and 1.7872-15 for rules relating to the treatment of split-dollar life insurance arrangements. [T.D. 9092, 68 FR 54352, Sept. 17, 2003] ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Split-dollar life insurance arrangements. 1...

  16. 77 FR 54659 - Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing a price of $54.95 for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set. This set...

  17. 48 CFR 1.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 1.109 Section 1.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Issuance 1.109 Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds—adjustment for inflation. (a) 41 U.S.C. 431a... the FAR for inflation, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. This adjustment is...

  18. Reassessing the empirical relationship between the oil price and the dollar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coudert, Virginie; Mignon, Valérie

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims at reassessing the empirical relationship between the real price of oil and the U.S. dollar real effective exchange rate over the 1974–2015 period. We find that changes in both variables are now linked by a negative relationship, going from the dollar exchange rate to the real oil price. However, the same relationship is found positive when ending the sample in the mid-2000s, in line with the previous literature. To understand and investigate this evolution, we rely on a nonlinear, smooth transition regression model in which the oil price-dollar nexus depends on the dynamics followed by the U.S. currency. Our results show that the relationship is negative most of the times but turns positive when the dollar hits very high values, as in the early eighties. - Highlights: •We reassess the relationship between the real oil price and the dollar over the 1974–2015 period. •Changes in the two variables are linked by a negative relationship over the whole period. •The link between both variables is positive over the subsample ending in the mid-2000s. •We estimate a nonlinear model in which the oil price-dollar nexus depends on the evolution the dollar. •The relationship is negative most of the times, except when the dollar hits very high values.

  19. The challenge of teaching astronomy with 0 dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ros, Rosa Maria; García, Beatriz

    2015-08-01

    The training courses on Astronomy are necessary for teachers in all the countries. Normally they are more necessary in developing countries that in other ones. The challenge is to do this work without expenses. NASE, Network for Astronomy School Education, organizes courses for teachers in service and future teachers practically free of charge. The host country only pays accommodation and meals of NASE visitors. But the most interesting aspect of NASE is that presents a lot of activities to carry out in the classroom by 0 dollars using “learning by doing” methodology. After more than 60 courses in about 20 countries we can show several examples of materials generated by participants themselves during the course. With this materials they can make observations and reasoning about their observations in order to understand the astronomy concepts which appear in the curricula of different levels of formal education.Waste materials, cardboard or paper, pieces of string or wire, a stick or a CD, some milk or a drop of oil can be very useful to produce a spectrograph, a photometer, a sundial, a goniometer or a quadrant. The imagination and creativity can replace funding which are difficult to achieve in secondary and primary schools in small towns or villages. NASE is a solution for teachers. which discover that they can explain, in a simple way, complex concepts using models and observations that do not need any money!Participants in NASE courses receive instructions in order to work with NASE materials and after the courses they can find (and create) complementary materials at the NASE website, in order to continue working in the same way. We receive some contributions from some of them that we publish at our web.http:www.naseprogram.org

  20. How can the government buy more with less dollars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heipt, J.D.

    1991-01-01

    Significant reductions in the federal budget can be expected over the next several years and many major programs are in danger of being cut back or canceled. This presentation addresses how the cutbacks and cancellations can be mitigated by introducing efficiencies into the acquisition system that will result in cutbacks and cancellations of unnecessary procedures instead of major programs. The presentation is directed toward the acquisition process and how it might be revamped to accommodate more buying power with less dollars. It addresses why more regulation, legislation, and blue ribbon panels won't solve the problems and urges that the process develop a reward system for those who return common sense to the process and refuse to implement nonsensical requirements just because the regulation requires it. The material presented is applicable to both government and commercial procurement systems, particularly when the system has been in place over a long period of time. How the systems themselves have transcended the underlying requirement for the procurement organization is addressed. The evaluation process used in acquiring state of the art technology and the government's practice of requiring best and final offers, often more than once, is analyzed. In addition, how industry's participation in the preparation of statements of work and specifications can result in real savings by limiting the buyer's role to addressing what his requirements are vis a vis how the contractor has to design and manufacture it. Beyond the initial acquisition, there are tremendous costs occasioned by the systems' contract administration and audit requirements. The cost of industry's responding to these requirements is discussed together with the rippling effect upon industry every time a new requirement is implemented

  1. The Role of Private Information in Short-term Fluctuations of Won/Dollar Exchange Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haesik Park

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we have examined the short-run movement of the won/dollar exchange rate using information obtained from the inter-bank market in Korea. First, we constructed the hourly measure of excess demand for dollar and used it as a proxy for the trading pattern of market participants. To construct this time series, we relied on the bid and ask won/dollar exchange rates collected on the two-minute interval. We then estimated the structural VAR model consisting of the actually observed won/dollar exchange rate and the proxied trading pattern of market participants to see if private information, as opposed to public information, is relevant for explaining the hourly movement of the won/dollar exchange rate. Private information is found to account for more 30% of hourly variations of the won/dollar exchange rate. Next, we constructed the trading pattern of market participants on a daily basis using the same data set employed to build the hourly measure. We then examined whether private information is useful for predicting the daily won/dollar exchange rate movement. We found that the forecast model using both private and public information reduces out-of-sample forecast errors of an alternative model relying only on public information by 20~25%. Also, the out-of-sample forecast of the model using both private and public information is found to be more accurate than the random walk model.

  2. LE BINOME EURO-DOLLAR SOUS LE SIGNE DE L’INCERTITUDE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Bal

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Will the Dollar remain the dominant international currency (mainly as a reserve currency? To answer this question, the paper presents in the first part the opinions of the most prominent experts concerning the determinant factors of an international currency status, in the two sphere of utilization: public and private. The most important are: the magnitude of the economies of emission, the externalities of network, the liquidity of their financial market, the confidence in their stability. Then there follows the evaluations concerning the two international currencies, Dollar and Euro, from these perspectives. Finally, the paper evaluates their role as measure of value, instrument of reserve and instrument of payment in the international economic relations. In the second part, the paper evaluates the recent tendencies of the exchange rate Euro/Dollar (2006-2008 from the point of view of fundamentals. After a period of depreciation, from the middle of the year 2008 until now, the dollar marked an unexpected appreciation towards the euro. But, the global financial and economic crisis increases the incertitude concerning the evolution of the exchange rate euro/dollar. Undoubtedly the two currencies will remain the prominent international currencies and the dollar the main reserve currency. Finally the paper presents Mundell’s proposal of stabilization of the binomial euro/dollar.

  3. China and the relationship between the oil price and the dollar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Benassy-Quere, Agnes; Mignon, Valerie; Penot, Alexis

    2007-01-01

    We study cointegration and causality between the real price of oil and the real price of the dollar over the 1974-2004 period. Our results suggest that a 10% rise in the oil price coincides with a 4.3% appreciation of the dollar in the long run, and that the causality runs from oil to the dollar. Through the development of a theoretical model, we then investigate possible reasons why this relationship could be reversed in the future due to the emergence of China as a major player on both the oil and the foreign exchange markets

  4. Transportation Infrastructure: Managing the Costs of Large-Dollar Highway Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-02-01

    The General Accounting Office (GAO) was requested to assess the effectiveness of the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA's) oversight of the costs of large-dollar highway and bridge projects (those with a total estimated cost of over $100 million)...

  5. Faith community nursing demonstrates good stewardship of community benefit dollars through cost savings and cost avoidance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Ameldia R; Coppola, Patricia; Giacona, Marian; Petriches, Anne; Stockwell, Mary Ann

    2009-01-01

    Health systems seeking responsible stewardship of community benefit dollars supporting Faith Community Nursing Networks require demonstration of positive measurable health outcomes. Faith Community Nurses (FCNs) answer the call for measurable outcomes by documenting cost savings and cost avoidances to families, communities, and health systems associated with their interventions. Using a spreadsheet tool based on Medicare reimbursements and diagnostic-related groupings, 3 networks of FCNs have together shown more than 600 000 (for calendar year 2008) healthcare dollars saved by avoidance of unnecessary acute care visits and extended care placements. The cost-benefit ratio of support dollars to cost savings and cost avoidance demonstrates that support of FCNs is good stewardship of community benefit dollars.

  6. The U.S. Trade Deficit, The Dollar, and The Price of Oil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jackson, James K

    2008-01-01

    .... In mid-2008 as the price of oil rose to unprecedented heights and then dropped sharply, the international exchange value of the dollar fell and then rose relative to a broad basket of currencies...

  7. Moral Hazard of Ukraine’s External Debt Increase under Economy Dollarization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoryana Lutsyshyn

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article provides overview of Ukraine's international debt currency structure, urgency thereof as well as mutual interaction with internal dollarization processes in the country. Determinative analysis of «moral hazard» definition has been conducted.

  8. Prediction of the dollar to the ruble rate. A system-theoretic approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borodachev, Sergey M.

    2017-07-01

    Proposed a simple state-space model of dollar rate formation based on changes in oil prices and some mechanisms of money transfer between monetary and stock markets. Comparison of predictions by means of input-output model and state-space model is made. It concludes that with proper use of statistical data (Kalman filter) the second approach provides more adequate predictions of the dollar rate.

  9. The Impact of Financial Dollarization on Inflation Targeting: Empirical Evidence from Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabris Nikola

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Serbia has applied inflation targeting against the backdrop of financial dollarization for almost a decade. In such circumstances, efficiency of monetary policy instruments decreases and begs the question of efficiency of the monetary regime efficiency issue. Although there is some empirical testing of financial dollarization effects on monetary policy performance in the inflation targeting regime for some countries, such studies for Serbia mostly cover periods of early application of the regime.

  10. Investigating the Impact of Dollarization on Economic Growth: A Case of Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruby NGAMANYA MUNHUPEDZI

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the effects of dollarization on business in Zimbabwe focusing on economic indicators such as inflation rate, GDP, employment and ease of doing business during the period 2009-2015. Zimbabwe experienced a very difficult economic phase characterised by hyperinflation, negative economic growth, unavailability of basic commodities and negative economic growth rates during the period 1998-2008. In 2009 the country adopted a multi-currency system whereby the Zimbabwean dollar was in circulation alongside various other currencies, with the United States Dollar and the South African Rand being the dominant ones. There has been general speculation that Zimbabwe’s economic problems are due to dollarization. Through analysing data from interviews and secondary sources, the research established that dollarization brought about stability in the economy, arrested inflation, and caused a marginal increase in GDP. However, the response of the employment rate was independent of the dollarization and may be attributed to other factors such as Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP in 1992, the global economic crisis in 2008 and the absence of reliable data.

  11. Dynamic linkages among the gold market, US dollar and crude oil market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mo, Bin; Nie, He; Jiang, Yonghong

    2018-02-01

    This paper aims to examine the dynamic linkages among the gold market, US dollar and crude oil market. The analysis also delves more deeply into the effect of the global financial crisis on the short-term relationship. We use fractional cointegration to analyze the long-term memory feature of these volatility processes to investigate whether they are tied through a common long-term equilibrium. The DCC-MGARCH model is employed to investigate the time-varying long-term linkages among these markets. The Krystou-Labys non-linear asymmetric Granger causality method is used to examine the effect of the financial crisis. We find that (i) there is clearly a long-term dependence among these markets; (ii) the dynamic gold-oil relationship is always positive and the oil-dollar relationship is always negative; and (iii) after the crisis, we can observe evidence of a positive non-linear causal relationship from gold to US dollar and US dollar to crude oil, and a negative non-linear causal relationship from US dollar to gold. Investors who want to construct their optimal portfolios and policymakers who aim to make effective macroeconomic policies should take these findings into account.

  12. The Measurement of Co-Circulation of Currencies and Dollarization in the Republic of Armenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakob Zoryan

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to estimate the actual (de facto level of dollarization in Armenia. “Co-circulation” involves the regular use of two or more currencies within an economy. The existence of an unknown amount of foreign currency in circulation makes the outcome of domestic monetary policy uncertain. The volume of foreign currency deposits is easily obtained from the official statistics. However, it is very hard to determine the stock of foreign currency in circulation. The effective money supply may be much larger than the domestic money supply and is subject to behavioral responses which are very different than the movements of the presently measured money supply. The purpose of this paper is to assess the level of dollarization, that is, to evaluate the size and/or proportion of foreign currency in the total money stock of Armenia as a highly dollarized country.

  13. The Consequences of a Strong Depreciation of the U.S. Dollar on Agricultural Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Charlebois, Pierre; Hamann, Nathalie

    2010-01-01

    World prices for basic food commodities increased significantly in 2007-2008, triggering a worldwide food crisis. Among all the factors that contributed to the rise in agricultural prices in 2008, the depreciation of the U.S. dollar relative to other major currencies cannot be overlooked. The currencies of the major players in agricultural markets have shown strong appreciation from 2002 to 2008. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of a strong depreciation of the U.S. dollar ...

  14. Suburb-to-suburb intercity travel: Energy, time and dollar expenditures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fels, M. F.

    1976-01-01

    The effect of adding suburb to terminal and terminal to suburb travel is examined. The energy consumed in entire trips was estimated. The total energy costs are compared with total travel times, and dollar costs to the traveler. Trips between origins in seven suburbs of Newark, New Jersey and destinations in two Washington, D. C. suburbs are analyzed.

  15. Nõrkushoogudes vaevelnud dollar hakkab kosuma / Lauri Matsulevitsh, Liis Kängsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Viimastel aastatel langustrendis püsinud USA dollar on näitamas tugevnemise märke. Vt. samas: Euroopas jäävad intressid stabiilseks; Bensiin võib kallineda järgmise nädala alguses; Tekstiilitöösturid soovivad nõrka dollarit; Kalatööstused rõõmustavad

  16. Dollar võib põhjustada ootamatuid arenguid / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    USA dollari jätkuv odavnemine ja jooksevkonto puudujäägist ning eelarvedefitsiidist tingitud ebastabiilne majanduskasv võivad analüütikute hinnangul avaldada negatiivset mõju kogu maailma majandusele. Diagramm: Dollar aastaga kukkunud ligi viiendiku

  17. 26 CFR 1.472-8 - Dollar-value method of pricing LIFO inventories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... terms of total dollars rather than the quantity and price of specific goods as the unit of measurement... processes, and the maintenance of separate profit and loss records with respect to separate operations are... manufacturer or processor, a natural business unit ordinarily consists of the entire productive activity of the...

  18. Linkage between Ringgit exchange rate and U.S Dollar | Idalisa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Malaysia, the movement of its currency rate i.e. Ringgit as against to US dollar are unpredictable and unregulated. Therefore, this causes some difficulty to appreciate the movement of macroeconomic analysis and market surveillance purposes. In 1965, Chaos theory was introduced, and it focused on behaviour and ...

  19. Exchange-rate forecasts and asymmetric loss: empirical evidence for the yen/dollar exchange rate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stadtmann, Georg; Pierdzioch; Rülke

    2012-01-01

    We used the yen/dollar exchange-rate forecasts of the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) poll to analyse whether exchange-rate forecasters have an asymmetric loss function. To this end, we applied an approach recently developed by Elliott et al. (2005). We found that only few forecasters seem to form...

  20. 26 CFR 1.985-3 - United States dollar approximate separate transactions method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...). For all purposes of subtitle A, this method of accounting must be used to compute the gross income... in section 989(a)) that has the dollar as its functional currency pursuant to § 1.985-1(b)(2). (2... currency (as defined in § 1.985-1(b)(2)(ii)(D)); (2) Making the adjustments necessary to conform such...

  1. Comment on 'A Forecasting Equation for the Canada-US Dollar Real Exchange Rate'

    OpenAIRE

    Kollmann, Robert

    1993-01-01

    This paper is a comment on the paper 'A Forecasting Equation for the Canada-US Dollar Exchange Rate' (Robert Amano and Simon van Norden, Bank of Canada). The comment was published in: The Exchange Rate and the Economy, Proceedings of 1992 Bank of Canada Conference; Bank of Canada, 1993, Ottawa (ISBN 0-660-15195-2), pp. 266-271.

  2. 77 FR 61475 - Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint Price for the 2012 Annual Uncirculated Dollar Coin Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Because of the recent increase in the market price of silver, the United States Mint is announcing a new price of $59.95...

  3. Exchange rate of the US dollar and the J curve: the case of oil exporting countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yousefi, A.; Wirjanto, T.S.

    2003-01-01

    This study examines the effects of changes in the exchange rate of the US dollar on the trade balances of three oil-exporting countries, namely Iran, Venezuela and Saudi Arabia. An exchange rate pass-through model is applied to allow changes in the exchange rate of the dollar to affect prices of traded goods. Then, the impact of changes in prices on the quantities of imports and exports of these economies is estimated. The results suggest a partial exchange rate pass-through to these countries' import and export prices in terms of the US dollar. While the three countries raise the price of their primary export (namely crude oil) in response to a depreciation of the dollar, Saudi Arabia's long-run pricing strategy in securing a larger market share stands in contrast to that of the two other OPEC members. The sum of the estimated long-run price elasticities of demand for imports and exports is found to exceed unity for Iran and Venezuela, but less than unity for Saudi Arabia. (author)

  4. 48 CFR 201.109 - Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Statutory acquisition-related dollar thresholds-adjustment for inflation. 201.109 Section 201.109 Federal Acquisition...-adjustment for inflation. (d) A matrix showing the most recent escalation adjustments of statutory...

  5. Exchange rate of the US dollar and the J curve. The case of oil exporting countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yousefi, Ayoub; Wirjanto, Tony S.

    2003-01-01

    This study examines the effects of changes in the exchange rate of the US dollar on the trade balances of three oil-exporting countries, namely Iran, Venezuela and Saudi Arabia. An exchange rate pass-through model is applied to allow changes in the exchange rate of the dollar to affect prices of traded goods. Then, the impact of changes in prices on the quantities of imports and exports of these economies is estimated. The results suggest a partial exchange rate pass-through to these countries' import and export prices in terms of the US dollar. While the three countries raise the price of their primary export (namely crude oil) in response to a depreciation of the dollar, Saudi Arabia's long-run pricing strategy in securing a larger market share stands in contrast to that of the two other OPEC members. The sum of the estimated long-run price elasticities of demand for imports and exports is found to exceed unity for Iran and Venezuela, but less than unity for Saudi Arabia

  6. Talking heads : the effects of ECB statements on the euro-dollar exchange rate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, DJ; De Haan, J

    This paper studies the reaction of the conditional mean and volatility of the euro-dollar exchange rate to statements by European Central Bank and national central bank officials. We focus on comments on monetary policy and the external value of the euro. We find that the Bundesbank has dominated

  7. China's Exchange Rate Policy : The Case Against Abandoning the Dollar PEG

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laurenceson, J.; Qin, F.

    2005-01-01

    This paper critically evaluates the policy literature surrounding China's exchange rate regime.It first discusses several popularly raised contentions in relation to the dollar peg employed by China, which in fact are poorly grounded in evidence.These include notions that the RMB is clearly

  8. Balassa-Samuelson Effect in Won/Dollar and Won/Yen Exchange Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donghwan Oh

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines, using various models including a non-linear one, that the Balassa-Samuelson (BS effect can account for the persistence of deviations from PPP in the long-run movements of won/dollar and won/yen real exchange rates. In test for PPP hypothesis that incorporates the BS effect, using the generalized Johansen' cointegration method, it is found that a cointegration relationship exists between each of won/dollar and won/yen real exchange rate and the productivity variables of two countries. And in test for PPP hypothesis that incorporates other fundamentals such as cumulative current account balance, foreign exchange reserve, terms of trade as well as productivity differentials, using a behavioral equilibrium exchange rate approach, it is found that a cointegration relationship exists between each of won/dollar and won/yen real exchange rate and all of these fundamentals. However, the plus sign of the estimated coefficient of the productivity differentials variable, which means that domestic productivity improvement produces increase in each of won/dollar and won/yen real exchange rate is not coincident with the result that the BS effect expects theoretically. Finally, in test for PPP hypothesis that incorporates the BS effect, using a non-linear STAR model, it is found that the adjustment process in case of won/dollar real exchange rate from the long-run equilibrium level can be adequately explained by a non-linear LSTAR model. But, the evidence of diagnostic statistics, which shows the existence of autocorrelation of the residuals in most of lags, might suggest the inadequacy of LSTAR model specification.

  9. 75 FR 62413 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5380-N-38] Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD- Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales Program AGENCY: Office of... information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales Program. OMB Control Number, if...

  10. 26 CFR 1.985-2 - Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... functional currency of a QBU. 1.985-2 Section 1.985-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... Election to use the United States dollar as the functional currency of a QBU. (a) Background and scope—(1... currency for taxable years beginning on or before August 24, 1994. An election to use a dollar functional...

  11. 77 FR 6865 - Pricing for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and 2012 Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-09

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint Pricing for 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar and... Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing adjusted pricing for the 2012...-Spangled Banner Bicentennial Silver N/A 53.95 Dollar Set The introductory pricing period for the 2012...

  12. 38 CFR 3.405 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Effective Dates § 3.405 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate... compensation at full-dollar rates to certain Filipino veterans and their survivors, are considered liberalizing...

  13. Dissimilar Effects of World News Announcements on Euro/Dollar/Yen Exchange Rates: An Econophysics Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Matesanz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper revisits the issue of the influence of macro-economic announcements over the exchange rates volatility, but from a different perspective as it is the usual in the econometric literature. By quantifying the impact of world-wide macroeconomic information published in the economic calendar in several recent years we were able to construct long events’ time series with the objective to test whether they influence exchange rate volatilities in several currencies. In order to do that, Granger causality test was employed by using a computational approach. Our results show that announcements from U.S.A are, by far, the most important influence over the three spot forex quotes, Euro/Dollar, Euro/Yen and Dollar/Yen. The method proposed here opens the door to address several open questions until now.

  14. Nonlinearity and fractional integration in the US dollar/euro exchange rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiran Burcu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the nonlinear behavior and the fractional integration property of the US dollar/euro exchange rate over the period from January 1999 to August 2010 by extending the procedure of Peter M. Robinson (1994 to the case of nonlinearity. First, using the approach developed by Mehmet Caner and Bruce E. Hansen (2001, we investigate the possible presence of nonlinearity in the series through the estimation of a two-regime threshold autoregressive model. After finding nonlinearity, we also allow for disturbances to be fractionally integrated based on the different versions of Robinson (1994 tests. The findings show that the US dollar/euro exchange rate follows a stationary process with a weak evidence for long memory.

  15. Florida hospital saves 5.3 M dollars by adopting principles of lean manufacturing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Florida hospital saves 5.3M dollars by adopting principles of lean manufacturing. Surgery cancellations have been slashed from 13% of cases to less than 3%, while emergency department admissions have increased by 20%. Those are just two of the results of a quality improvement project at Lee Memorial Health System in Fort Myers, FL, that focused on using the principles of lean manufacturing to improve patient flow in the five-hospital system

  16. Money Demand and Inflation in Dollarized Economies; The Case of Russia

    OpenAIRE

    Franziska L Ohnsorge; Nienke Oomes

    2005-01-01

    Money demand in dollarized economies often appears to be highly unstable, making it difficult to forecast and control inflation. In this paper, we show that a stable money demand function for Russia can be found for "effective broad money," which includes an estimate of foreign cash holdings. Moreover, we find that an excess supply of effective broad money is inflationary, while other excess money measures are not, and that effective broad money growth has the strongest and most persistent ef...

  17. First-dollar cost-sharing for skilled nursing facility care in medicare advantage plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keohane, Laura M; Grebla, Regina C; Rahman, Momotazur; Mukamel, Dana B; Lee, Yoojin; Mor, Vincent; Trivedi, Amal

    2017-08-29

    The initial days of a Medicare-covered skilled nursing facility (SNF) stay may have no cost-sharing or daily copayments depending on beneficiaries' enrollment in traditional Medicare or Medicare Advantage. Some policymakers have advocated imposing first-dollar cost-sharing to reduce post-acute expenditures. We examined the relationship between first-dollar cost-sharing for a SNF stay and use of inpatient and SNF services. We identified seven Medicare Advantage plans that introduced daily SNF copayments of $25-$150 in 2009 or 2010. Copays began on the first day of a SNF admission. We matched these plans to seven matched control plans that did not introduce first-dollar cost-sharing. In a difference-in-differences analysis, we compared changes in SNF and inpatient utilization for the 172,958 members of intervention and control plans. In intervention plans the mean annual number of SNF days per 100 continuously enrolled inpatients decreased from 768.3 to 750.6 days when cost-sharing changes took effect. Control plans experienced a concurrent increase: 721.7 to 808.1 SNF days per 100 inpatients (adjusted difference-in-differences: -87.0 days [95% CI (-112.1,-61.9)]). In intervention plans, we observed no significant changes in the probability of any SNF service use or the number of inpatient days per hospitalized member relative to concurrent trends among control plans. Among several strategies Medicare Advantage plans can employ to moderate SNF use, first-dollar SNF cost-sharing may be one influential factor. Not applicable.

  18. The Allocation of Advertising and Research Dollars in the Florida Orange Juice Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark G. Brown

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study considers the allocation of Florida citrus-grower money between advertising and research programs to maximize grower revenue net of program costs. The allocation depends on the impact of advertising on demand and the impacts of research on the cost of production and supply. A number of studies have estimated the impact of advertising on OJ demand, but little is known about the impact of research. Research on citrus greening, a disease that has no known cure, is examined in the present study. There are no past studies to reliably gauge the impact of this research. The approach taken here is to ask if a given amount of research dollars is needed to reduce average production costs by certain amount, then what should be spent on advertising based on past estimates of the elasticity of demand with respect to advertising. The optimal ratio of advertising to research dollars increases with the advertising elasticity and declines with the amount of research money needed to reduce average costs. The results of this study provide a range for this ratio based on different advertising elasticities and amounts of research dollars needed to reduce production costs. The approach provides an indication of the importance of advertising given expectations on the research needed to successfully fight this disease.

  19. Availability of Foods and Beverages in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Authorized Dollar Stores in a Region of North Carolina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Racine, Elizabeth F; Batada, Ameena; Solomon, Corliss A; Story, Mary

    2016-10-01

    There are >25,000 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)-authorized dollar stores throughout the United States; many are located in lower-income neighborhoods and provide an accessible food and beverage source for area residents. The purpose of this research was to determine the percent of food deserts within 16 counties in North Carolina that include a SNAP dollar store; examine the types of foods and beverages at SNAP dollar stores in these counties; test whether the foods and beverages offered vary by SNAP dollar store chain; and test whether the foods and beverages available differ by rural and urban location. This cross-sectional study used a combination of publicly available data and primary data to investigate the research questions. Secondary data sources were obtained from the US Department of Agriculture's SNAP retailer locator, the US Census, and the US Department of Agriculture's Food Access Research Atlas. Availability of foods and beverages was assessed among a sample of 90 SNAP dollar stores in 16 counties in southern and western sections of North Carolina. Data were collected in June 2014. About half (52%) of the food deserts in the research area included a SNAP dollar store. Most of the sampled stores sold healthier food staples, such as frozen meats, brown rice, 100% whole-wheat bread, and dried beans. None of the stores sold fresh fruits or vegetables. Some of the foods and beverages offered (eg, frozen fruit, frozen unseasoned vegetables, nonfat or low-fat milk, frozen ground beef) varied by SNAP dollar store chain. The foods and beverages offered did not differ by rural or urban county location. SNAP dollar stores offer a number of healthy food staples; however, they do not sell fresh fruits or vegetables. Further food environment research should include dollar stores. Copyright © 2016 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. 26 CFR 1.985-6 - Transition rules for a QBU that uses the dollar approximate separate transactions method for its...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... section sets forth transition rules for a QBU that used the dollar approximate separate transactions... QBU must determine the dollar and hyperinflationary currency basis of its assets and the dollar and hyperinflationary currency amount of its liabilities that were acquired or incurred in taxable years beginning...

  1. REGULARITIES OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE DOLLAR IN RUSSIA ON THE WORLD PRICE OF OIL BRENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Mazurkin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The inverse influence of the dollar in Russia as a major regional economies oil exporters, on the formation of world prices of Brent crude oil. It is shown that for the period from 31.01.2006 on 25.08.2015 this influence is characterized by a model with several wave functions, however, this model has received only average adequacy. With a much smaller error complex is formed and breaking explicitly the nonlinear function in stages three levels of behavior. The selection of stages and levels is on break, so within each stage are considered smooth algebraic functions in the form of asymmetric wavelet signals.

  2. From the million dollar's web, to ‘seriespepito’ Is it a Bubble 2.0?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José García-Ull

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In 2005, a 21 years old English student created The Million Dollar Homepage. The idea was simple: he divided the site into 100 blocks of 10x10 pixels each with the aim to sell these spaces to the brands interested in advertising on the website. Each pixel would cost 1 dollar. That apparently naive idea ended reaching notoriety in the newly named Web 2.0 (O'Reilly, 2005. Worldwide online media, many of whom just began their journey through the Web, covered the curious initiative. The online media coverage also jumped to traditional media (crossmedia narrative, Jenkins, 2006 and this issue had a direct influence on the increase of visitors and number of page views in the site. It was, in fact, one of the first examples of a viral message in the Web. Advertising brands were attracted by the media impact of the website, which became a showcase. Companies such as The Times or Yahoo were attracted by the web influence. In a few months, the business student Alex Tew sold every single pixel of his website to advertising brands, amountig to a million dollars. In 2015, according to Alexa Rank, onclickads.net, publited.com, adcash.com, popads.net or adf.ly are among the 150 most visited websites in Spain, competing with companies like facebook.com, wordpress.es, marca.com, rtve.es or bbva.es, to name a few. We present in the following article the reasons why these affiliate advertising networks occupy key positions in the rankings of most visited websites and to this end, we will focus on studying the business model of some of the main links pages, which offer access to download or online viewing of media formats, including series, documentaries and film content. We will focus in particular on the business models like seriespepito.com, closed due to alleged intellectual property crime in 2014. They generated within months, about a million dollars profit. We studied, with this purpose, the role of the affiliate networks, the use of tracking tools such as

  3. Exchange credit risk: Measurement and implications on the stability of partially dollarized financial systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Mordecki

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Some emergent economies present a high financial dollarization in loans and deposits, generating a specific risk in the banking activity. We quantify this exchange credit risk as the price of an option equivalent to this loan, and discuss the financial stability implications due to the (implicit issuance of these options. The exchange rate is modeled through a Levy process. The depth of the market depends on the type of the currencies involved. Whenever possible, we depart from option prices to calibrate a model, like in the EUR/USD market. But if the market is not liquid, as the USD/UYU market, we provide alternative pricing methodologies.

  4. The international transmission of monetary shocks in a dollarized economy: The case of USA and Lebanon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goux François Jean

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We show that an American monetary shock wields an influence, though limited, over the Lebanese output in accordance with the literature advances. However, as we are waiting for a stronger transmission of U.S. short-term rates to Lebanese short-term rates, we notice that this transmission is weak in the first year. The result can be explained by the presence of pricing-to-market. After the end of the first year, we find the traditional result where the increase in the American interest rate is transmitted integrally to the Lebanese interest rate. We recognize this phenomenon as the dollarization effect.

  5. The yuan-dollar parity and its effects on Mexico's exports of manufacturing goods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Manuel Cuevas Ahumada

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates the impact of Chinese exchange rate policy on Mexican manufacturing exports in the US market. To that end, an amplified export function which combines demandand supply-side variables is estimated. The empirical evidence shows that, in the long run, a real depreciation of the yuan visà- vis the US dollar reduces Mexican manufacturing sales in the US. The econometric work also suggests that lowering unit labor costs, perhaps by means of a comprehensive and coherent training policy package, could serve the purpose of offsetting the negative effects of an undervalued Chinese currency.

  6. Performance of Technical Trading Systems in the Yen/Dollar Market

    OpenAIRE

    Schulmeister, Stephan

    2007-01-01

    The study investigates the profitability of 1,024 moving average and momentum models and their components in the yen/dollar market. It turns out that all models would have been profitable between 1976 and 1999. The pattern of profitability is as follows: the models produce more single losses than single profits, however, the size of the single profits is on average much higher than the size of single losses. Hence, the profitability of technical currency trading is exclusively due to the expl...

  7. Profitability of Technical Currency Speculation. The Case of Yen-Dollar Trading 1976-2007

    OpenAIRE

    Schulmeister, Stephan

    2008-01-01

    The paper investigates the profitability of 1,024 moving average and momentum models and their components in the yen-dollar market. It turns out that all models would have been profitable between 1976 and 2007. The models produce more single losses than single profits. At the same time, the size of the single profits is on average much higher than the size of single losses because profitable positions last two to six times longer than unprofitable positions. Hence, the profitability of techni...

  8. GENDERED DOLLARS: Pin Money, Mad Money, and Changing Notions of a Woman’s Proper Place

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janice Traflet

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay examines the evolution in the meaning and usage of two types of special currencies: pin money and mad money. At the start of the twentieth century, both currencies were considered a woman’s money. By the end of the century, however, both pin money and mad money had lost a large measure of their original gendered connotations. By situating the evolving meanings of these currencies alongside concepts of domesticity, virtuous womanhood, and a woman’s proper place, this essay strives to illuminate the rise and fall of pin money and mad money as uniquely “women’s dollars." 

  9. De Facto Exchange Rate Regime in Korea: Is It Still A Dollar Peg?

    OpenAIRE

    Han Geun Moon

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to test the common view on the actual exchange rate regime, using very simple but intuitive OLS regression models based on Frankel and Wei's work (1994). The results show that, firstly, East Asian countries including Korea have returned to the dollar peg or managed floating after the restoration from the crisis, as they did during the pre-crisis period. The results also show that Korea has substantially changed her exchange rate regime since January 2001, but othe...

  10. The Determinants of won/dollar Exchange Rate Volatility and Policy Recommendations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chae-Shick Chung

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available This thesis analyzed the feature and different points of the changing of the exchange rate of Korea won against US dollar, then discussed the direction of the completion of Korea exchange rate system. The prediction result of the model GARCH which vividly shows the phenomenon of the auto-regression of the exchange rate has indicated the level of the exchange rate yesterday could explain the circumstance of the change of exchange rate today. Meanwhile, the policy of the US exchange rate will affect the exchange rate of Korea won against US dollar and the volatility of foreign exchange rate. In the present situation of Korean economy in which the liberalization of capital and the independence of the central bank has been established, the choosing range of the exchange system could only be completely changeable exchange rate system or exchange rate system of multilateral arrangement like Europe. However, in terms of the condition of the world economy, the introduction of the latter system is too early. There is an idea that under the changeable exchange rate system which is the only choice, it is the right time to activate the main body of private economy, the financial derivatives market in which the exchange risk could be trade-off. Government should work on and create a policy that would be able to satisfy the expectations of the market participants.

  11. TRIPOLARISATION OF THE CURRENCIES IN THE WORLD ECONOMY: US DOLLAR – EURO – YEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramona TOMA

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available At present, the world economy is dominated by three poles – the USA, the European Union and Japan – among which there should be real co-operation to ensure the international stability on all levels. The introduction of the euro was perceived by the experts as the beginning of the competition among the currencies on the international financial markets. The European Monetary Union was conceived to cause an internal, not an external change, with an economic and financial purpose and as a further step of the European integration. Moreover, the international monetary system does not allow the European single currency to make gains that might cause losses to the US dollar. Both currencies have room in the world economy, but the euro has been beneficial to both the euro area and the rest of the world. At present, the euro is stronger than the sum of the twelve former national currencies. The consolidation of the national economies of the euro area becomes stronger due to the impact on liquidities, to the various investment opportunities for the entities that manage the financial portfolios and the central banks that manage the foreign currency reserves. The competition among the currencies means more opportunities in the world economy: the euro is an international currency used along with the US dollar and the yen, not against them.

  12. FLUKTUASI KURS RUPIAH TERHADAP DOLLAR AMERIKA SERIKAT PADA PERIODE TAHUN 1997.I – 2004.IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anggyatika Mahda Kurnia

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the fluctuation of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar. The data used in this study are quarterly time series data between the 1997.I to 2004.IV. Analysis tool used in this study is multiple linear regressions using the Error Correction Model (ECM. The results of this study concluded that variables such as exchange rates, inflation, SBI rate and the value of imports is stationary, only money supply variable that is not stationary. Based on the classical assumption was not found problem. Normality test showed normal distribution of Ut, tests of model specification with the Ramsey Reset test indicates the model used is linear. The coefficient of determination (R2 showed that approximately 90.5813 percent of the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar be explained by variables in the model. Result analysis by t test found that a significant variable is the money supply, inflation, and the value of imports.

  13. Application of systems engineering techniques (reliability, availability, maintainability, and dollars) to the Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boylan, J.G.; DeLozier, R.C.

    1982-01-01

    The systems engineering function for the Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant (GCEP) covers system requirements definition, analyses, verification, technical reviews, and other system efforts necessary to assure good balance of performance, safety, cost, and scheduling. The systems engineering function will support the design, installation, start-up, and operational phases of GCEP. The principal objectives of the systems engineering function are to: assure that the system requirements of the GCEP process are adequately specified and documented and that due consideration and emphasis are given to all aspects of the project; provide system analyses of the designs as they progress to assure that system requirements are met and that GCEP interfaces are compatible; assist in the definition of programs for the necessary and sufficient verification of GCEP systems; and integrate reliability, maintainability, logistics, safety, producibility, and other related specialties into a total system effort. This paper addresses the GCEP reliability, availability, maintainability, and dollars (RAM dollars) analyses which are the primary systems engineering tools for the development and implementation of trade-off studies. These studies are basic to reaching cost-effective project decisions. The steps necessary to achieve optimum cost-effective design are shown

  14. Are electricity prices affected by the US dollar to Euro exchange rate? The Spanish case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Munoz, M. Pilar; Dickey, David A.

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to investigate the relationships between Spanish electricity spot prices and the US dollar/Euro (USD/Euro) exchange rate during the period 2005-2007, taking into account the study of the association between dollar and oil prices, in order to better understand the evolution of the former over time. The first finding in this study is that Spanish electricity spots prices, the USD/Euro exchange rate and oil prices are cointegrated; therefore there is a long-run equilibrium relationship between the three variables. Short-run relationships have been detected between oil prices and Spanish electricity prices and USD/Euro exchange rate in the sense that Spanish electricity prices and USD/Euro exchange rate are affected by oil prices in the short run. There is a transmission of volatility between USD/Euro exchange rate and oil prices to Spanish electricity prices; so although Spanish electricity prices are not affected in level by the movements of USD/Euro exchange rate, they are in volatility. In this kind of scenario the conclusions confirm that for countries so dependent on external causes as Spain, one possible solution for guarantying the energy security would be the promotion of the renewable energies. Therefore we cannot ignore the impact in the internal expenses of the cost of installation and generation of green energies so there must be a balance between the increase in renewables and the reasonable market price of the electricity. (author)

  15. De Facto Exchange Rate Regime in Korea: Is It Still A Dollar Peg?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Geun Moon

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to test the common view on the actual exchange rate regime, using very simple but intuitive OLS regression models based on Frankel and Wei's work (1994. The results show that, firstly, East Asian countries including Korea have returned to the dollar peg or managed floating after the restoration from the crisis, as they did during the pre-crisis period. The results also show that Korea has substantially changed her exchange rate regime since January 2001, but other countries, even Taiwan and Singapore which had no crisis, are still the same as before. The sensitivity to the dollar has statistically significantly decreased, but sensitivity to the yen is almost twice as much as those in other countries. This result might come from the synchronization of Korean won with Japanese yen from November 2000, the change of the monetary policy framework from monetary targeting to the pure inflation targeting, and the full capital and foreign exchange liberalization since the second stage of foreign exchange liberalization (January 2001. However, 6 months (January 2001-June 15, 2001 is not enough to assess policy changes, and, we continuously need to monitor how the exchange rate policy evolves.

  16. The U.S. dollar value of gasoline: Currency crisis in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1992-01-01

    The recent currency crisis in Europe puts the possibility of European economic union in further jeopardy after the Maastricht Treaty was not approved by the Netherlands earlier this Summer. The increased value of European currencies relative to the US dollar during the past Summer had little effect upon national currency gasoline prices. However, the recent currency devaluations in Italy, Spain, and Portugal, already struggling with weak economies, definitely reduce consumer buying power. Governments may use the high taxes imposed on gasoline as a buffer against higher prices, but still, consumers may buy less gasoline as their money doesn't go as far as it once did. This issue also presents the following: (1) the ED Refining Netback Data Series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of Sept. 25, 1992; and (2) the ED Refining Netback Data Series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere, Sept. 1992 Edition

  17. Reassessment of NRC's dollar per person-rem conversion factor policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-12-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has completed a review and analysis of its dollar per person-rem conversion factor policy. As a result of this review, the NRC has decided to adopt a $2000 per person-rem conversion factor, subject it to present worth considerations, and limit its scope solely to health effects. This is in contrast to the previous policy and staff practice of using an undiscounted $1000 per person-rem conversion factor that served as a surrogate for all offsite consequences (health and offsite property). The policy shift has been incorporated in ''Regulatory Analysis Guidelines of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission,'' NUREG/BR-0058, Revision 2, November 1995

  18. A panel-data analysis of interest rates and dollarization in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmar L. Bacha

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the role of financial dollarization and systemic risks in the determination of real interest rates in Brazil. In a simple currency-choice portfolio model, we show that a strategy of reducing dollarization, if it fails to address fundamental macroeconomic risks, leads to higher domestic real interest rates. We confirm this prediction in an empirical panel-based model, involving systemic risk variables, but find that the effect is small after controlling for the risks of dilution and default. We apply our empirical estimates to the case of Brazil - a natural case study given its low degree of financial dollarization and very high real interest rates. The estimated model is unable to explain the high interest rate levels in the aftermath of Brazil's 1994 inflation stabilization. However, since the adoption in 1999 of inflation targeting and floating exchange rates, Brazil's real interest rates are found to be gradually converging to the model's predicted values. The estimation also shows that further reductions in Brazil's real interest rates could be achieved through sound fundamentals that led to investment-grade status rather than financial dollarization.Analisamos o papel da dolarização financeira e do risco sistêmico na determinação da taxa real de juros no Brasil. Em um modelo simples de portfólio, nós mostramos que a estratégia de reduzir a dolarização da economia, se ainda persistirem riscos macroeconômicos, leva a uma maior taxa real de juros doméstica. Nós confirmamos essa assertiva a partir de um modelo em painel, envolvendo variáveis de risco sistêmico; contudo, os efeitos são pequenos quando controlados por riscos de inflação e de default. Em seguida, aplicamos nossas estimações para o caso do Brasil - um caso natural dado seu baixo nível de dolarização financeira e altas taxas reais de juros. O modelo estimado é incapaz de explicar os elevados níveis de taxas de juros no Brasil após a

  19. Speculative and Hedging Interaction Model in Oil and U.S. Dollar Markets—Phase Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Michael; Carfì, David

    2018-01-01

    We show that there is a phase transition in the bounded rational Carfì-Musolino model, and the possibility of a market crash. This model has two types of operators: a real economic subject (Air) and one or more investment banks (Bank). It also has two markets: oil spot market and US dollar futures. Bank agents react to Air and equilibrate much more quickly than Air. Thus Air is an acting external agent due to its longer-term investing, whereas the action of the banks equilibrates before Air makes its next transaction. This model constitutes a potential game, and agents crowd their preferences into one of the markets at a critical temperature when air makes no purchases of oil futures.

  20. Fingerprint detection on counterfeit US dollar banknotes: the importance of preliminary paper examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azoury, Myriam; Cohen, Drorit; Himberg, Kimmo; Qvintus-Leino, Pia; Saari, Terhi; Almog, Joseph

    2004-09-01

    Two seizures of counterfeit 100 US dollar bills related to the same indicative number were submitted for processing of latent fingerprints. On one group of notes, identifiable fingerprints could be detected by the routine application of amino acid reagents. In the second case, this technique gave no results, even on deliberately deposited prints. Fingerprints could be revealed, however, by cyanoacrylate fuming followed by magnetic powder. Comprehensive paper analysis showed that banknotes from both seizures differed remarkably by chemical composition as well as paper macroscopic properties. The difference in surface free energy (related to surface tension) of the banknotes in the two groups seemed to be the major factor responsible for the great variance in fingerprint detectability.

  1. Policy issues related to substitution of the US dollar in oil pricing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Essayyad, Musa; Algahtani, Ibrahim

    2005-01-01

    This policy paper attempts to evaluate the viability of switching from the US dollar to the euro in international oil pricing. If materialised, the switch would not impact only OPEC nations but would also have ramifications for other oil exporting as well as importing nations. It would also have considerable effect on US economy and international financial system. This paper recommends that in deciding which currency to use in oil pricing, OPEC member countries should not allow their positive or negative political rapport with the US Government to distort their rational choice. Switching to euro or any other currency will not eliminate loss of revenue, as the newly adopted currency will not be immune either from the exchange rate gyrations. In fact, there is no guarantee that the euro, yen, sterling pound, or any other major currency will be immune from fluctuations. As a way out, this paper recommends three alternatives. (Author)

  2. Is the Return to the Virtual US Dollar Pegging of East Asian Currencies Correct? : The Impacts of the Yen-Dollar Exchange Rate on the East Asian Currencies in the Post Crisis Period

    OpenAIRE

    金, 炳宣; Byung Sun, Kim; 経済学研究科

    2004-01-01

    This paper studies the evolution of the exchange rate regime on East Asian economies between pre- and post-crisis periods, especially with a focus on the impacts of change in yen-dollar rate, using a regression model based on the work by Frankel and Wei (1994). As a result of the study, the following points are understood. Firstly, a greater diversity in exchange rate regime is seen for the post-crisis period than the pre-crisis period. At one extreme, Hong Kong under a stable dollar peg thro...

  3. Food and beverage purchases in corner stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspi, Caitlin E; Lenk, Kathleen; Pelletier, Jennifer E; Barnes, Timothy L; Harnack, Lisa; Erickson, Darin J; Laska, Melissa N

    2017-10-01

    Little is known about customer purchases of foods and beverages from small and non-traditional food retailers (i.e. corner stores, gas-marts, dollar stores and pharmacies). The present study aimed to: (i) describe customer characteristics, shopping frequency and reasons for shopping at small and non-traditional food retailers; and (ii) describe food/beverage purchases and their nutritional quality, including differences across store type. Data were collected through customer intercept interviews. Nutritional quality of food/beverage purchases was analysed; a Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score for purchases was created by aggregating participant purchases at each store. Small and non-traditional food stores that were not WIC-authorized in Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN, USA. Customers (n 661) from 105 food retailers. Among participants, 29 % shopped at the store at least once daily; an additional 44 % shopped there at least once weekly. Most participants (74 %) cited convenient location as the primary draw to the store. Customers purchased a median of 2262 kJ (540 kcal), which varied by store type (P=0·04). The amount of added sugar far surpassed national dietary recommendations. At dollar stores, participants purchased a median of 5302 kJ (1266 kcal) for a median value of $US 2·89. Sugar-sweetened beverages were the most common purchase. The mean HEI-2010 score across all stores was 36·4. Small and non-traditional food stores contribute to the urban food environment. Given the poor nutritional quality of purchases, findings support the need for interventions that address customer decision making in these stores.

  4. The Canadian Dollar versus the Collection: How Canadian University Libraries are Coping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David R. Scott

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Through 2015 and into 2016, Canadian academic libraries’ collections budgets were severely strained due to the steady decline of the CAD/USD exchange rate. As most subscription fees for electronic resources (e-resources are billed in US dollars, the falling value of the Canadian dollar significantly reduced libraries’ purchasing power. This study is based on a survey of the English-speaking member institutions of the Canadian Research Knowledge Network (CRKN, a Canadian collections consortium, carried out to determine the impact of the poor exchange rate on collections development and how libraries are coping with new budgetary pressures. Librarians from 33 universities provided survey responses. Of these, 22 participated in telephone interviews to further discuss concerns and ideas regarding the current crisis. The study finds that all participant libraries have taken actions to address the budgetary shortfall, including cancelling serial and database subscriptions, negotiating lower costs with vendors, purchasing fewer monographs, and soliciting additional funding from their institutions. While the financial strain resulting from exchange rate fluctuations is indeed a significant problem for which solutions should be sought, several respondents stressed that it only exacerbates the ongoing inflation of e-resource subscriptions. This deeper and enduring issue, which is expected to outlast the present exchange rate crisis, is enabled by an inherently flawed scholarly publishing system. Thus, librarians engaged in discussions with their wider academic communities concerning collections budgets should not focus exclusively on the exchange rate but should leverage the opportunity to explore alternatives to the current scholarly communication model. If solutions exist, they will likely only be achieved through the support of faculty and university administrators, as well as cooperation among post-secondary institutions and library consortia. Au

  5. Development and validation of a weather-based warning system to advise fungicide applications to control dollar spot on turfgrass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, D. L.; Kerns, J. P.; Walker, N. R.; Payne, A. F.; Horvath, B.; Inguagiato, J. C.; Kaminski, J. E.; Tomaso-Peterson, M.

    2018-01-01

    Dollar spot is one of the most common diseases of golf course turfgrass and numerous fungicide applications are often required to provide adequate control. Weather-based disease warning systems have been developed to more accurately time fungicide applications; however, they tend to be ineffective and are not currently in widespread use. The primary objective of this research was to develop a new weather-based disease warning system to more accurately advise fungicide applications to control dollar spot activity across a broad geographic and climactic range. The new dollar spot warning system was developed from data collected at field sites in Madison, WI and Stillwater, OK in 2008 and warning system validation sites were established in Madison, WI, Stillwater, OK, Knoxville, TN, State College, PA, Starkville, MS, and Storrs, CT between 2011 and 2016. A meta-analysis of all site-years was conducted and the most effective warning system for dollar spot development consisted of a five-day moving average of relative humidity and average daily temperature. Using this model the highest effective probability that provided dollar spot control similar to that of a calendar-based program across the numerous sites and years was 20%. Additional analysis found that the 20% spray threshold provided comparable control to the calendar-based program while reducing fungicide usage by up to 30%, though further refinement may be needed as practitioners implement this warning system in a range of environments not tested here. The weather-based dollar spot warning system presented here will likely become an important tool for implementing precision disease management strategies for future turfgrass managers, especially as financial and regulatory pressures increase the need to reduce pesticide usage on golf course turfgrass. PMID:29522560

  6. Healthcare Rationing by Proxy: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis and the Misuse of the &dollar;50 000 Threshold in the US

    OpenAIRE

    John F.P. Bridges; Eberechukwu Onukwugha; C. Daniel. Mullins

    2010-01-01

    The application of cost-effectiveness analysis in healthcare has become commonplace in the US, but the validity of this approach is in jeopardy unless the proverbial &dollar;US50 000 per QALY benchmark for determining value for money is updated for the 21st century. While the initial aim of this article was to review the arguments for abandoning the &dollar;US50 000 threshold, it quickly turned to questioning whether we should maintain a fixed threshold at all. Our consideration of the releva...

  7. Speculazione sulle valute e fluttuazzioni del dollaro. (Currency speculation and dollar fluctuations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. SCHULMEISTER

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In questo studio i motivi dietro le ampie fluttuazioni del tasso di cambio del dollaro a seguito del crollo del sistema di Bretton Woods, per la maggior parte non spiegata dalle teorie prevalenti del tasso di cambio, sono esplorate. L'autore indaga il tasso di cambio tra le due valute più scambiate, il dollaro e il marco tedesco, dal 1973 al 1988. Nella prima parte, il modello dei movimenti dei tassi di cambio quotidiani viene esaminato per dimostrare che una sequenza di rialzo o al ribasso interrotto da movimenti non direzionali è tipico della dinamica dei tassi di cambio nel breve periodo. Questo modello è sistematicamente sfruttata attraverso speculazione monetaria, in particolare attraverso l'uso di "analisi tecnica". Nella seconda parte, l'autore si concentra sul medio termine, sostenendo che le fluttuazioni possono essere spiegati come il risultato di interagire squilibri dei beni e mercati delle attività. Anche se valuta la speculazione è stata sistematicamente redditizio per la maggior parte delle valute, deve essere considerata destabilizzante in quanto la sequenza delle corse dei prezzi ha causato notevoli e persistenti deviazioni dei tassi di cambio dai loro valori di equilibrio (PIL.In this study the reasons behind the wide fluctuations of the dollar exchange rate following the breakdown of the Bretton Woods system, for the most part unexplained by the prevailing exchange rate theories, are explored. The author investigates the exchange rate between the two most traded currencies, the dollar and the deutschemark, from 1973 to 1988. In the first part, the pattern of the daily exchange rate movements is examined to show that a sequence of upward and downward trends interrupted by non-directional movements is typical of exchange rate dynamics in the short run. This pattern is systemically exploited through currency speculation, particularly through the use of “technical analysis”. In the second part, the author focuses on the

  8. PERAMALAN NILAI RUPIAH TERHADAP US DOLLAR UNTUK MEMPERSIAPKAN EKSPOR UNGGULAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delu Damelia

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia merupakan negara kepulauan dan mempunyai bentang laut yang cukup besar sebesar 5,8 juta km2 dan Indonesia sangat memiliki berbagai macam biota laut yang cukup lengkap dan beragam. Salah satu produk perikanan di Indonesia yaitu udang. Terdapat banyak produk turunan udang,   ada   frozen,   fresh   ataupun   jenis   spesies   udangnya.   Bicara   mengenai perdagangan Internasional Indonesia salah satunya yaitu eksport, Udang menjadi komoditi yang merajai ekspor perikanan, dengan nilai yang disumbang sebesar US$ 1,280 juta, disusul tuna US$606 juta, ikan lainnya US$ 700 juta dan hasil perikanan lainnya US$ 746 juta. Ekspor udang merupakan   ekspor terbesar  dalam  penyumbangannya  secara  value.  Ekspor  udang  sendiri  merambah ke berbagai Negara di dunia. Udang sendiri sudah ditetapkan untuk komoditi ekspor unggulan Indonesia. Ekspor udang terbesar Indonesia dengan dasar harga paling besar adalah ke Negara USA atau amerika serikat. Maka dalam penelitian ini meneliti bagaimana kondisi pertukaran atau transaksi Rupiah dengan US Dollar untuk menghadapi kondisi eksport udang yang semakin membesar dan sebagian besarnya ekspor udang merambah ke amerika serikat.  Indonesia is an archipelago and has a fairly large seascape by 5.8 million km2 and Indonesia is to have a wide variety of marine life that is quite complete and diverse. One of fishery products in Indonesia, namely shrimp. There are many products derived shrimp, there are frozen, fresh or shrimp species. Talk about International trade Indonesia one of which is exported, Shrimp become a commodity which dominated the fishery exports, with the value of the contributed amount of US $ 1.280 million, followed by US $ 606 million tuna, other fish US $ 700 million and other fishery products of US $ 746 million. Exports of shrimp is the largest export value in penyumbangannya basis. Shrimp exports alone expanded to various countries in the world. Shrimp itself is

  9. 76 FR 5819 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-02

    ... Proposed Information Collection to OMB; HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales Program AGENCY: Office of... organizations, and government entities. The sale of these properties under this program makes it possible for... appropriate automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting...

  10. From Petrodollars to Petroeuros: Are the Dollar’s Days as an International Reserve Currency Drawing to an End?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-11-03

    price of oil less transparent, require continuous updating to minimize currency arbitrage , and could make the market less liquid as available capital...there are plenty of cheap ways for traders to hedge against currency risk if they are concerned about movements in the dollar. Conclusions

  11. Data from: Clarireedia: A new fungal genus comprising four pathogenic species responsible for dollar spot disease of turfgrass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dollar spot is one of the most destructive globally distributed diseases of turfgrass. The identity of the fungus responsible for the disease has been the subject of debate for more than 75 years. These datasets provide the phylogenetic evidence from three nucleotide sequence markers (CaM, ITS and M...

  12. Twisting the Dollar? On the Consistency of Short-Run and Long-Run Exchange Rate Expectations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stadtmann, Georg; Rülke, Jan; Frenkel, Michael

    2012-01-01

    ’ in the dollar/euro expectation formation process, i.e. market participants expect bandwagon effects in the short run, while they have stabilizing expectations in their long-run forecasts. Applying a panel probit analysis we find that this twisting behavior is more likely to occur in periods of excess exchange...

  13. An uncertain dollar: The Wall Street Journal, the New York Times and the monetary crisis of 1971 to 1973

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mata, T.

    2008-01-01

    In August 15, 1971, President Nixon announced the unilateral suspension of the convertibility of the dollar into gold, a foundation of the world monetary system since the Second World War. The media and economic experts were caught by surprise, neither could foresee the immediate consequences of the

  14. 77 FR 840 - Pricing for 2012 America the Beautiful Quarters® Products and American Eagle Silver Dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint Pricing for 2012 America the Beautiful Quarters[supreg] Products and American Eagle Silver Dollars AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing 2012 pricing for America the Beautiful...

  15. 77 FR 14600 - Pricing for 2012 Kennedy Half-Dollar Bags and Rolls, Bronze Medals, the First Spouse Bronze Medal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint Pricing for 2012 Kennedy Half-Dollar Bags and Rolls, Bronze Medals, the First Spouse Bronze Medal Set and the Birth Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing 2012 pricing for...

  16. Taking representation seriously: rethinking bioethics through Clint Eastwood's Million Dollar Baby.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braswell, Harold

    2011-06-01

    In this article, I propose a new model for understanding the function of representation in bioethics. Bioethicists have traditionally judged representations according to a mimetic paradigm, in which representations of bioethical dilemmas are assessed based on their correspondence to the "reality" of bioethics itself. In this article, I argue that this mimetic paradigm obscures the interaction between representation and reality and diverts bioethicists from analyzing the tensions in the representational object itself. I propose an anti-mimetic model of representation that is attuned to how representations can both maintain and potentially subvert dominant conceptions of bioethics. I illustrate this model through a case study of Clint Eastwood's film Million Dollar Baby. By focusing attention on the film's lack of adherence bioethical procedures and medical science, critics missed how an analysis of its representational logic provides a means of reimagining both bioethics and medical practice. In my conclusion, I build off this case study to assess how an incorporation of representational studies can deepen-and be deepened by-recent calls for interdisciplinarity in bioethics.

  17. Maximizing federal Medicaid dollars: nursing home provider tax adoption, 2000-2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Edward Alan; Wang, Lili

    2009-12-01

    Since Medicaid is jointly financed by the federal and state governments, state officials have sought to offset state expenditures by maximizing federal contributions. One such strategy is to adopt a provider tax, which enables states to collect revenues from providers; those revenues are then used to pay for services rendered to Medicaid recipients, thereby leveraging federal matching dollars without concomitant increases in state expenditures. The number of states adopting a nursing home tax increased from thirteen to thirty-one between 2000 and 2004. This study seeks to identify the factors that spurred the rapid increase in nursing home provider taxes following implementation of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. Results indicate that states with more powerful nursing home lobbies, lower proportions of private pay nursing home residents, worse fiscal health, weaker fiscal capacity, broader Medicaid eligibility, and nursing home supply restrictions were more likely to adopt. This implies that state officials react rationally to prevailing fiscal and programmatic circumstances when formulating policy under Medicaid and that providers seek relief, in part, from the adverse fiscal consequences of federal policy changes by promoting policy change at the state level.

  18. Prediksi Nilai Tukar Rupiah Terhadap US Dollar Menggunakan Metode Genetic Programming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daneswara Jauhari

    2016-12-01

    Exchange currency rate has a wide influence in the economy of a country, both domestically or internationally. The importance of knowing the pattern of exchange rate against the IDR to USD could help the economic growth due to foreign trade involves the use of currencies of different countries. Therefore, we need an application that can predict the value of IDR against the USD in the future. In this research, the authors use genetic programming (GP method which produces solutions (chromosome that obtained from the evaluation of exchange rate and then this solution used as an approximation or prediction of currency exchange rate in the future. These solutions formed from the combination of the set terminal and the set of function that generated randomly. After testing by the number popsize and different iterations, it was found that the GP algorithm can predict the value of the rupiah against the US Dollar with a very good, judging from the value of Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE generated by 0.08%. This research can be developed even better by adding terminal parameters and operating parameters so they can add variation calculation results. Keywords:  prediction, exchange currency rate, genetic programming, MAPE.

  19. Experts: hospitals can improve care, save health care dollars by cracking down on unnecessary blood transfusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Leading health care quality organizations say that blood transfusions are among the most overused treatments. The problem wastes a precious resource as well as health care dollars, continues to stretch what is known to be in short supply in some parts of the country. Part of the problem is continued adherence to an outdated medical practice that calls for transfusions when they are not medically necessary. Also, experts say many guidelines are vague regarding hemoglobin triggers. However, education coupled with IT-driven interventions can help hospitals make dramatic improvements in their blood usage, potentially preserving blood products for patients who really need them. The American Red Cross says that blood use rose by 40% in the United States between 1994 and 2008. Studies show there is wide variation regarding when blood transfusions are called for by practitioners. The latest research suggests hemoglobin thresholds of 7 or 8 grams per deciliter are acceptable, although practitioners often call for transfusions when hemoglobin is at 10 grams per deciliter. Of particular importance to EDs, the lower hemoglobin triggers don't always apply to actively bleeding patients. Through a comprehensive blood conservation program, Eastern Maine Medical Center in Bangor, ME, has been able to nearly halve the number of patients who now receive transfusions without negatively impacting patient care. Also, the program has saved the hospital more than $5 million in blood costs.

  20. Mobile dental units: leasing or buying? A dollar-cost analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arevalo, Oscar; Saman, Daniel M; Bonaime, Alice; Skelton, Judy

    2010-01-01

    The decision to acquire a mobile dental unit is based on a standard capital budgeting analysis. The next step is to determine whether to obtain the use of the mobile dental unit by borrowing and purchasing or by leasing. As a financing mechanism, leases are simply another way of borrowing money to pay for the asset. To compare lease vs. debt as financial vehicles to acquiring a mobile dental unit. An estimate for a new mobile unit was obtained. Lease and loan proposals from financial lenders were collected. A cost of capital rate was chosen for comparison. Cash flows associated with borrowing and leasing vs. buying were determined fortwo different scenarios: for profit (FP) vs. not-for-profit (NFP), at 5 years. A dollar-cost analysis was utilized to determine the option with the lowest capitalized value. There was a net advantage to buying vs. leasing for both for FP and NFP organizations. Due to tax advantages, owning and leasing were substantially less expensive for FP than for NFP. Slight decreases in the monthly lease payments would make leasing competitive to the buying approach. Exploring alternative financing vehicles may allow dental programs to expand their services through the acquisition of a mobile unit. Though programs generally own assets, it is the use of the asset which is important rather than the ownership. Dental programs can find leasing an attractive alternative by offering access to capital with cash-flow advantages.

  1. Megacity Green Infrastructure Converts Water into Billions of Dollars in Ecosystem Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endreny, T. A.; Ulgiati, S.; Santagata, R.

    2016-12-01

    Cities can invest in green infrastructure to purposefully couple water with urban tree growth, thereby generating ecosystem services and supporting human wellbeing as advocated by United Nations sustainable development initiatives. This research estimates the value of tree-based ecosystem services in order to help megacities assess the benefits relative to the costs of such investments. We inventoried tree cover across the metropolitan area of 10 megacities, in 5 continents and biomes, and developed biophysical scaling equations using i-Tree tools to estimate the tree cover value to reductions in air pollution, stormwater, building energy, and carbon emissions. Metropolitan areas ranged from 1173 to 18,720 sq km (median value 2530 sq km), with median tree cover 21%, and potential additional tree cover 19%, of this area. Median tree cover density was 39 m2/capita (compared with global value of 7800 m2/capita), with lower density in desert and tropical biomes, and higher density in temperate biomes. Using water to support trees led to median benefits of 1.2 billion/yr from reductions in CO, NO2, SO2, PM10, and PM2.5, 27 million/yr in avoided stormwater processing by wastewater facilities, 1.2 million/yr in building energy heating and cooling savings, and 20 million/yr in CO2 sequestration. These ecosystem service benefits contributed between 0.1% and 1% of megacity GDP, with a median contribution of 0.3%. Adjustment of benefit value between different city economies considered factors such as purchasing power parity and emergy to money ratio conversions. Green infrastructure costs billions of dollars less than grey infrastructure, and stormwater based grey infrastructure provides fewer benefits. This analysis suggests megacities should invest in tree-based green infrastructure to maintain and increase ecosystem service benefits, manage their water resources, and improve human wellbeing.

  2. How many cents on the dollar? Women and men in product markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kricheli-Katz, Tamar; Regev, Tali

    2016-02-01

    Gender inequality in contemporary U.S. society is a well-documented, widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about gender disparities in product markets. This study is the first to use actual market data to study the behavior of women and men as sellers and buyers and differences in market outcomes. We analyze a unique and large data set containing all eBay auction transactions of most popular products by private sellers between the years 2009 and 2012. Women sellers received a smaller number of bids and lower final prices than did equally qualified men sellers of the exact same product. On average, women sellers received about 80 cents for every dollar a man received when selling the identical new product and 97 cents when selling the same used product. These findings held even after controlling for the sentiments that appear in the text of the sellers' listings. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that this gap varied by the type of the product being sold. As a policy, eBay does not reveal the gender of users. We attribute the price differences to the ability of buyers to discern the gender of the seller. We present results from an experiment that shows that people accurately identify the gender of sellers on the basis of typical information provided in postings. We supplement the analysis with an additional off-eBay experiment showing that, in a controlled setting, people are willing to pay less for money-value gift cards when they are sold by women rather than men.

  3. Modeling the exchange rate of the euro against the dollar using the ARCH/GARCH models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovačević Radovan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of time series with conditional heteroskedasticity (changeable time variability, conditional variance instability, the phenomenon called volatility is the main task of ARCH and GARCH models. The aim of these models is to calculate some of the volatility indicators needed for financial decisions. This paper examines the performance of generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (GARCH model in modeling the daily changes of the log exchange rate of the euro against the dollar. Several GARCH models have been applied for modeling the daily log exchange rate returns of the euro, with a different number of parameters. The characteristic of estimated GARCH models is that the obtained coefficients of lagged squared residuals and the conditional variance parameters in the equation of conditional variance have a strong statistical significance. The sum of these two coefficients' estimates is close to a unit, which is typical for GARCH models that are applied on the data of financial assets returns. This means that the shocks in the conditional variance equation will be long lasting. The great value of the sum of these two coefficients shows that the high rates of positive or negative returns leads to a large forecasted value of the variance in the prolonged period. The asymmetrical EGARCH (1,1 model has showed the best results in modeling the euro exchange rate returns. The asymmetry term in the conditional variance equation of this model is negative and statistically significant. A negative value of this term suggests that the positive shock has less impact on the conditional variance than the negative shocks. The asymmetric EGARCH (1,1 model provides evidence of a leverage effect.

  4. Relative Effects of the Dollar and Yen on East Asian Currency Values: Focusing on the Post-Crisis Period

    OpenAIRE

    Bonghan Kim; Seeun Jeong

    2007-01-01

    This paper empirically analyzes the relative effects of the dollar and yen on the value of East Asian currencies. We focus especially on countries that have chosen to adopt floating regimes in the post-financial crisis period, such as South Korea, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand. First, we calculate a exchange rate flexibility index and carry out a regression using Frankel and Wei's (1994) methodology. The results confirm an increase in the coupling of East Asian currencies vi...

  5. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, Place, and Contractor, FY84, Part 3, (Anderson, Indiana-Winona, Mississippi).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    FORMING COMPANY 33 33 BONNER SPRINGS STEPHEN R E INC 95 95 BURLINGTON BRECKCO CONSTRUCTION CO INC 430 430 CHANUTE PORTER H K COMPANY INC 1,792 364 1,428...SEP) PAGE 848 MASS (DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS) LOCATION CONTRACTOR DOD AIR NAME NAME TOTAL ARMY NAVY FORCE DLA OCE ODA RANDOLPH MC GRAW -EDISON COMPANY 45...221 221 GENERAL DYNAMICS CORPORATION 2,127- 2,127- GENERAL DYNAMICS LAND SYS 12,866 12,866 MC DONNELL DOUGLAS CORPORATION 3,549 1,022 2.527 NC GRAW

  6. The Australian Dollar's Long-Term Fluctuations and Trend: The Commodity Prices-cum-Economic Cycles Hypothesis

    OpenAIRE

    Sanidas, Elias

    2005-01-01

    The Australian dollar’s exchange rate (mainly in relation to the American dollar) has received a considerable attention in research and several models have been proposed to explain its trend and fluctuations. Thus, as a conclusion of this research we can say that this commodity currency very much depends on the terms of trade which in turn depend on commodity prices. The present paper is based on this conclusion and hence proposes the possibility that the Australian dollar’s behavior is overw...

  7. Il disavanzo pubblico degli stati Uniti, il Dollaro e l'Europa. (U.S. deficits, the dollar and Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. BLANCHARD

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo valuta alcune delle controversie relative al ruolo dei deficit nel recupero , il rapporto tra deficit e tassi di interesse , i costi ei benefici di un dollaro forte degli Stati Uniti , e, infine, la fattibilità e opportunità di miglioramento, di assicurare o accelerare il recupero dell'Europa attraverso mosse di politica attiva . This paper reviews and assesses some of the controversies related to the role of deficits in the recovery, the relation between deficits and interest rates, costs and benefits of a strong US dollar, and finally the feasibility and desirability of enhancing, assuring or accelerating Europe’s recovery through active policy moves. The authors first provide an assessment of the current situation before focusing on the characteristics of a fiscal policy-led recovery. They then turn to the appreciation of the dollar before looking at the policy options open to Europe, arguing that a temporary and modulated fiscal expansion still appears both desirable and feasible.JEL: H62, E43, E62

  8. Relative Effects of the Dollar and Yen on East Asian Currency Values: Focusing on the Post-Crisis Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonghan Kim

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper empirically analyzes the relative effects of the dollar and yen on the value of East Asian currencies. We focus especially on countries that have chosen to adopt floating regimes in the post-financial crisis period, such as South Korea, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand. First, we calculate a exchange rate flexibility index and carry out a regression using Frankel and Wei's (1994 methodology. The results confirm an increase in the coupling of East Asian currencies vis-a-vis the yen since the 1997 financial crisis. In addition to coupling, we calculate using a non-linear unit root test the exchange rates for four currencies vis-a-vis the yen, excluding the Philippine peso, which has a band-reverting tendency. As a second step, we examine the band-reverting tendency in more detail using the Markov-regime switching model and a three-regime threshold vector error correction model. As the results indicate, band-reverting tendencies are verifiable for all currencies, except for the Philippine peso. In particular, symmetrical band-reverting tendencies are observed whether exchange rates are beyond the upper boundary or below the lower boundary of the band. In the case of the Korean won and Taiwanese dollar, when these two currency exchange rates (measured against the yen deviate from a certain band, an adjustment process takes place in order to return toward the band.

  9. Differences in healthy food supply and stocking practices between small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspi, Caitlin Eicher; Pelletier, Jennifer E; Harnack, Lisa; Erickson, Darin J; Laska, Melissa N

    2016-02-01

    Little is known about the practices for stocking and procuring healthy food in non-traditional food retailers (e.g., gas-marts, pharmacies). The present study aimed to: (i) compare availability of healthy food items across small food store types; and (ii) examine owner/manager perceptions and stocking practices for healthy food across store types. Descriptive analyses were conducted among corner/small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores. Data from store inventories were used to examine availability of twelve healthy food types and an overall healthy food supply score. Interviews with managers assessed stocking practices and profitability. Small stores in Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN, USA, not participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. One hundred and nineteen small food retailers and seventy-one store managers. Availability of specific items varied across store type. Only corner/small grocery stores commonly sold fresh vegetables (63% v. 8% of gas-marts, 0% of dollar stores and 23% of pharmacies). More than half of managers stocking produce relied on cash-and-carry practices to stock fresh fruit (53%) and vegetables (55%), instead of direct store delivery. Most healthy foods were perceived by managers to have at least average profitability. Interventions to improve healthy food offerings in small stores should consider the diverse environments, stocking practices and supply mechanisms of small stores, particularly non-traditional food retailers. Improvements may require technical support, customer engagement and innovative distribution practices.

  10. CO2 emissions embodied in China-US trade: Input-output analysis based on the emergy/dollar ratio

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Du Huibin; Guo Jianghong; Mao Guozhu; Smith, Alexander M.; Wang Xuxu; Wang, Yuan

    2011-01-01

    To gain insight into changes in CO 2 emissions embodied in China-US trade, an input-output analysis based on the emergy/dollar ratio (EDR) is used to estimate embodied CO 2 emissions; a structural decomposition analysis (SDA) is employed to analyze the driving factors for changes in CO 2 emissions embodied in China's exports to the US during 2002-2007. The results of the input-output analysis show that net export of CO 2 emissions increased quickly from 2002 to 2005 but decreased from 2005 to 2007. These trends are due to a reduction in total CO 2 emission intensity, a decrease in the exchange rate, and small imports of embodied CO 2 emissions. The results of the SDA demonstrate that total export volume was the largest driving factor for the increase in embodied CO 2 emissions during 2002-2007, followed by intermediate input structure. Direct CO 2 emissions intensity had a negative effect on changes in embodied CO 2 emissions. The results suggest that China should establish a framework for allocating emission responsibilities, enhance energy efficiency, and improve intermediate input structure. - Highlights: → An input-output analysis based on the emergy/dollar ratio estimated embodied CO 2 . → A structural decomposition analysis analyzed the driving factors. → Net export of CO 2 increased from 2002 to 2005 but decreased from 2005 to 2007. → Total export volume was the largest driving factor. → A framework for allocating emission responsibilities.

  11. Modeling variations in the cedi/dollar exchange rate in Ghana: an autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (ARCH) models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Techie Quaicoe, Michael; Twenefour, Frank B K; Baah, Emmanuel M; Nortey, Ezekiel N N

    2015-01-01

    This research article aimed at modeling the variations in the dollar/cedi exchange rate. It examines the applicability of a range of ARCH/GARCH specifications for modeling volatility of the series. The variants considered include the ARMA, GARCH, IGARCH, EGARCH and M-GARCH specifications. The results show that the series was non stationary which resulted from the presence of a unit root in it. The ARMA (1, 1) was found to be the most suitable model for the conditional mean. From the Box-Ljung test statistics x-squared of 1476.338 with p value 0.00217 for squared returns and 16.918 with 0.0153 p values for squared residuals, the null hypothesis of no ARCH effect was rejected at 5% significance level indicating the presence of an ARCH effect in the series. ARMA (1, 1) + GARCH (1, 1) which has all parameters significant was found to be the most suitable model for the conditional mean with conditional variance, thus showing adequacy in describing the conditional mean with variance of the return series at 5% significant level. A 24 months forecast for the mean actual exchange rates and mean returns from January, 2013 to December, 2014 made also showed that the fitted model is appropriate for the data and a depreciating trend of the cedi against the dollar for forecasted period respectively.

  12. USAID Dollars Obligated and Dollars Spent

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — Displays obligations and disbursements by operating unit (OU) and sector, beginning with Fiscal Years 2009. The data was pulled from USAID's financial accounting...

  13. Decomposition into Tradables and Nontradables and the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP Hypothesis of the Real Won-dollar Exchange Rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deockhyun Ryu

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to test the purchasing power parity (PPP hypothesis using the won-dollar real exchange rate and analyze the effect of the decomposition into tradables and non-tradables on the change of the won-dollar real exchange rate. This paper decomposes the CPI-based real exchange rate into two parts according to Engel (1999; one is the relative price of traded goods between the countries, the other is a component that is a weighted difference of the relative price of nontraded-to traded-goods prices in each country. We construct this by comparing the component subsection weights in CPI. The empirical analysis of this paper consists of two parts as follows. First, we conducted a traditional time series analyses of the real exchange rate, tradable and non-tradable parts respectively, thereby testing the PPP hypothesis and other important hypotheses. Secondly, this paper conducted a Mean Squared Error (MSE analysis to evaluate the relative contribution of tradable and non-tradable parts to the change of real exchange rate. From the time series analysis, it is not guaranteed that the PPP hyThe purpose of this paper is to test the purchasing power parity (PPP hypothesis using the won-dollar real exchange rate and analyze the effect of the decomposition into tradables and non-tradables on the change of the won-dollar real exchange rate. This paper decomposes the CPI-based real exchange rate into two parts according to Engel (1999; one is the relative price of traded goods between the countries, the other is a component that is a weighted difference of the relative price of nontraded-to traded-goods prices in each country. We construct this by comparing the component subsection weights in CPI. The empirical analysis of this paper consists of two parts as follows. First, we conducted a traditional time series analyses of the real exchange rate, tradable and non-tradable parts respectively, thereby testing the PPP hypothesis and other

  14. Examination of purchasing power parity hypothesis: Evidence from unit root and cointegration analysis of dinar-euro and dinar-dollar exchange rates

    OpenAIRE

    Petrović, Predrag

    2014-01-01

    The paper shows the results of an empirical analysis of the relative variant of purchasing power parity (PPP) for dinar-euro and dinar-dollar ex-change rates. The study was conducted for the period January 2007 - August 2013 and involved testing of the empirical foundation of strong and weak PPP forms. The first part of the strong PPP form testing comes down to examination of non-stationarity of dinar-euro and dinar-dollar real exchange rates by use of standard unit root tests (ADF, PP, KPSS,...

  15. 38 CFR 3.42 - Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compensation at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States. 3.42 Section 3.42 Pensions... Filipino veterans residing in the United States. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1) United...

  16. 38 CFR 3.43 - Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Burial benefits at the full-dollar rate for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. 3.43... for certain Filipino veterans residing in the United States on the date of death. (a) Definitions. For...

  17. Covered interest parity arbitrage and temporal long-term dependence between the US dollar and the Yen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batten, Jonathan A.; Szilagyi, Peter G.

    2007-03-01

    Using a daily time series from 1983 to 2005 of currency prices in spot and forward USD/Yen markets and matching equivalent maturity short-term US and Japanese interest rates, we investigate the sensitivity of the difference between actual prices in forward markets to those calculated from differentials in short-term interest rates. According to a fundamental theorem in financial economics termed covered interest parity (CIP), the actual and estimated prices should be identical once transaction and other costs are accommodated. The paper presents three important findings: first, we find evidence of considerable variation in CIP deviations from equilibrium; second, these deviations have diminished significantly and by 2000 have been almost eliminated; third, an analysis of the CIP deviations using the local Hurst exponent finds episodes of time-varying dependence over the various sample periods, which appear to be linked to episodes of dollar decline/Yen appreciation, or vice versa. The finding of temporal long-term dependence in CIP deviations is consistent with recent evidence of temporal long-term dependence in the returns of currency, stock and commodity markets.

  18. Getting Your Dollar's Worth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shackell, Wallace K., Jr.

    Designed as a secondary level consumer education text dealing with how to use your money wisely, this booklet makes use of stories, skits, and cartoon drawings to dramatize the everyday life of a consumer. It tells how to buy cars, how to use credit (charge accounts, credit cards, life insurance, credit unions, passbook savings, commercial banks,…

  19. Squilibri finanziari, cambio del dollaro e politica monetaria internazionale. (Financial imbalances, the dollar exchange rate and international monetary policy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. TRIFFIN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L'aumento continuo e spettacolare del dollaro sul mercato globale dei cambi, nonostante l'altrettanto spettacolare disavanzo delle partite correnti della bilancia dei pagamenti, è una cosa che nessun economista avrebbe sognato . Tutti saranno d'accordo che la risposta al puzzle sta nel fatto che le operazioni in conto corrente costituiscono ormai solo una piccola parte dei movimenti valutari lordi,  dominata di fattop da movimenti di capitali. Ciò che deve essere spiegato  allora è l'enorme volume di capitale netto totale che finanzia il deficit. Il presente lavoro considera questo paradosso, il ruolo del dollaro nel sistema monetario mondiale e le prospettive a medio e lungo termine per il sistema finanziario mondiale.The continuous and spectacular rise of the dollar on the global foreign exchange market, despite the equally spectacular current account deficit of the U.S. balance of payments, is something that no economist would have dreamed to be possible. Everyone will agree that the answer to the puzzle lies in the fact that the transactions in the current account now constitute only a small part of the gross currency movements, in fact dominated by capital movements. What needs to be explained then is the sheer volume of the total net capital that finances the deficit. The present work considers this paradox, the dollar’s role in the world monetary system and medium and long-term perspectives for the world financial system.JEL: E52, F31, E42,

  20. Actual factors to determine cross-currency basis swaps: An empirical study on US dollar/Japanese yen basis swap rates from the late 1990s

    OpenAIRE

    Shinada, Naoki

    2005-01-01

    Cross-currency basis swap rates that exchange US-dollar (USD) and Japanese-yen (JPY) LIBORs have fluctuated since the late 1990s. It is increasingly important for market participants to figure out such swap rates, but there have not been many empirical studies about actual markets. This study addresses factors of USD/JPY swap rates from the late 1990s to the present, and demonstrates that differences in credit risk premiums, forward exchange rates and assets swaps of foreign investors from JP...

  1. The impact of exchange rate EUR/USD on the rate of return of bond investments denominated in US dollar from the point of view of euro investor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oldřich Šoba

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Investment opportunities into foreign curruncies financial assets are rising because of financial markets globalization, financial markets integration and evolution of modern information technologies. The currency risk relates to these cases when investor converts cash from and into domestic currency. The currency risk is determined by unexcepeted change of exchange rate (currency of financial asset denomination / investor’s domestic currency during duration of the investment.Objective of the paper is quantification and analysis of exchange rate EUR/USD impact on the rate of return of bond investments denominated in US dollar from the point of view of a euro investor for investment horizons of different length.The analysis is realized for following investment horizons: 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, 5 years, 7 years, 10 year and 12 year. Complementary investment horizons are: month and 15 year. Bond investments denominated just US dollar are represented by investments into ING bond unit trust in period December 1989–December 2007. The unit trust invests into bonds with high rating (for example governmants bonds etc.. These bonds are denominated in USD only. Methodology of the analysis is based on quantification of proportion of exchange rate EUR/USD impact on the rate of return of bond investment denominated in USD. The share is based on basic piece of knowledge of the uncovered interest rate parity.

  2. A Supermarket Double-Dollar Incentive Program Increases Purchases of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Among Low-Income Families With Children: The Healthy Double Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polacsek, Michele; Moran, Alyssa; Thorndike, Anne N; Boulos, Rebecca; Franckle, Rebecca L; Greene, Julie C; Blue, Dan J; Block, Jason P; Rimm, Eric B

    2018-03-01

    To carry out a pilot study to determine whether a supermarket double-dollar fruit and vegetable (F&V) incentive increases F&V purchases among low-income families. Randomized controlled design. Purchases were tracked using a loyalty card that provided participants with a 5% discount on all purchases during a 3-month baseline period followed by the 4-month intervention. A supermarket in a low-income rural Maine community. A total of 401 low-income and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) supermarket customers. Same-day coupon at checkout for half-off eligible fresh, frozen, or canned F&V over 4 months. Weekly spending in dollars on eligible F&V. A linear model with random intercepts accounted for repeated transactions by individuals to estimate change in F&V spending per week from baseline to intervention. Secondary analyses examined changes among SNAP-eligible participants. Coupons were redeemed among 53% of eligible baskets. Total weekly F&V spending increased in the intervention arm compared with control ($1.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], $0.29 to $3.88). The largest increase was for fresh F&V ($1.97; 95% CI, $0.49 to $3.44). Secondary analyses revealed greater increases in F&V spending among SNAP-eligible participants who redeemed coupons ($5.14; 95% CI, $1.93 to $8.34) than among non-SNAP eligible participants who redeemed coupons ($3.88; 95% CI, $1.67 to $6.08). A double-dollar pricing incentive increased F&V spending in a low-income community despite the moderate uptake of the coupon redemption. Customers who were eligible for SNAP saw the greatest F&V spending increases. Financial incentives for F&V are an effective strategy for food assistance programs to increase healthy purchases and improve dietary intake in low-income families. Copyright © 2017 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Il cambio dollaro/euro, il prezzo del petrolio e la Banca Centrale Europea (Dollar/Euro Exchange Rate, Oil Price and the European Central Bank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Sylos Labini

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper an analysis on dollar/euro exchange rate, oil price and European Central Bank monetary policy is worked out. Firstly, data on the main variables related with the exchange rate and an equation to explain the variation of the exchange rate in the period March 1998-September 2000 are presented; secondly, the consequences of oil price growth and eurodevaluation on the US and European economies are taken into account; lastly, different policy strategies to stop eurodevaluation are discussed. The European Central Bank strategy, that consists of small increases of the interest rate, is not reaching any result. An alternative strategy is based on innovative public demand, that should be financed by European bonds using "central bank excess funds" as security. Public demand of infrastructures and new technologies should aim at reducing oil dependence and would stimulate growth and sustainable development in Europe, with positive effects on the exchange rate.

  4. Department of Education's Student Loan Programs: Are Tax Dollars at Risk? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This hearing was held to consider whether the student loan programs of the Department of Education place tax dollars at risk. In his opening remarks, Representative John L. Mica (Florida) pointed out that for nearly 10 years, the U.S. General Accounting Office has labeled these programs as a high risk for fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement. In…

  5. Il cambio dollaro/euro, il prezzo del petrolio e la Banca Centrale Europea (Dollar/Euro Exchange Rate, Oil Price and the European Central Bank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Sylos Labini

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper an analysis on dollar/euro exchange rate, oil price and European Central Bank monetary policy is worked out. Firstly, data on the main variables related with the exchange rate and an equation to explain the variation of the exchange rate in the period March 1998-September 2000 are presented; secondly, the consequences of oil price growth and eurodevaluation on the US and European economies are taken into account; lastly, different policy strategies to stop eurodevaluation are discussed. The European Central Bank strategy, that consists of small increases of the interest rate, is not reaching any result. An alternative strategy is based on innovative public demand, that should be financed by European bonds using "central bank excess funds" as security. Public demand of infrastructures and new technologies should aim at reducing oil dependence and would stimulate growth and sustainable development in Europe, with positive effects on the exchange rate.       JEL Codes: E58, F31Keywords: Devaluation, Exchange Rates, Monetary

  6. PENGARUH GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, INFLASI, SUKU BUNGA, MONEY SUPPLY, CURRENT ACCOUNT DAN CAPITAL ACCOUNT TERHADAP NILAI KURS RUPIAH INDONESIA – DOLLAR AMERIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunika Murdayanti

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Since free-floating exchange rate system has been applied in Indonesia on August 1998, the accumulation of depreciation of rupiah against the US dollar has been about 48,7% until December 2001. This condition brings many argumentation about the reasons behind the exchange rate instability faced by Indonesia among many experts whether it is caused by economic factors or by non-economic factors. By recognizing the causes, it will be easier for the experts and government of Indonesia to formulate the solution. This research is intended to analyze the influence of economic variables, i.e. Gross Domestic Product, money supply, interest rate, inflation rate, Current Account & Capital Account in both Indonesia and The United State of America, as well as the position of the balance of international payment of Indonesia to the exchange rate movement in order to give contributions to solve the problem. Based on the result money supply becomes the only variable which has a multicollinearity and excluded from the regression linear. Also only current account is not significant influence on the exchange rate movement, instead of the other variables. Coefficient of determination of the research model is 84.4 %, means that other factors, not accommodated in this research, give 15.6 % influence to the exchange rate movement. These other factors can be categorized as other economic factors or non-economic factors.

  7. Your Insurance Dollar. Money Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet provides some practical guidelines for determining total insurance needs, examining options, and comparing costs. It discusses how to fit insurance costs into an overall financial plan, the necessity of adequate liability coverage, and the importance of keeping policies up to date. The next four sections highlight the basic types of…

  8. A billion-dollar bonanza

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Isaacs, J.

    1993-01-01

    In late May -- only weeks after Congress had rejected the president's economic stimulus package because it would add to the federal deficit -- the House of Representatives generously allocated an extra $1.2 billion to the Pentagon. This article discusses some of the rationalizations House members gave for the gift and describes the attempts of a bipartisan group to defeat this request for funds propounded by Pennsylvania Democrat John Murtha. This gist of the arguments for and against the $1.2 billion and the results of votes on the bill are presented

  9. Your Travel Dollar. Money Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This illustrated guide was designed to familiarize consumers with planning a vacation trip, whether domestic or abroad. The guide covers setting up a budget; package tours; cruises and charter flights; travel agencies and clubs; and arranging stays in hotels/motels, rental condominiums, bed-and-breakfasts, hostels, campsites, and private…

  10. Turn emergency generators into dollars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sheahen, T.P.; Stegen, G.R.

    1997-01-01

    The concept of distributed, dispatchable power generation is essentially the reverse of interruptible service. It can be understood by regarding both power and money as vectors: when the direction of the power flow switches, so does the direction of the money flow. At a signal given by the utility, a factory activates its emergency generating system and briefly becomes an independent power producer (IPP), feeding power into a local region of the grid. Upon receipt of another signal, it retires from that role. It may, however, continue to generate power for its own use

  11. Mining Surveillance and Maintenance Dollars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MARTINEZ, R.

    2000-01-01

    Accelerating site cleanup to reduce facility risks to the workers, the public and the environment during a time of declining federal budgets represents a significant technical and economic challenge to U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Operations Offices and their respective contractors. A significant portion of a facility's recurring annual expenses are associated with routine, long-term surveillance and maintenance (S and M) activities. However, ongoing S and M activities do nothing to reduce risks and basically spend money that could be reallocated towards facility deactivation. This paper discusses the background around DOE efforts to reduce surveillance and maintenance costs, one approach used to perform cost reviews, lessons learned from field implementation and what assistance is available to assist DOE sites in performing these evaluations

  12. A method for examining the geospatial distribution of CO2 storage resources applied to the Pre-Punta Gorda Composite and Dollar Bay reservoirs of the South Florida Basin, U.S.A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts-Ashby, Tina; Brandon N. Ashby,

    2016-01-01

    This paper demonstrates geospatial modification of the USGS methodology for assessing geologic CO2 storage resources, and was applied to the Pre-Punta Gorda Composite and Dollar Bay reservoirs of the South Florida Basin. The study provides detailed evaluation of porous intervals within these reservoirs and utilizes GIS to evaluate the potential spatial distribution of reservoir parameters and volume of CO2 that can be stored. This study also shows that incorporating spatial variation of parameters using detailed and robust datasets may improve estimates of storage resources when compared to applying uniform values across the study area derived from small datasets, like many assessment methodologies. Geospatially derived estimates of storage resources presented here (Pre-Punta Gorda Composite = 105,570 MtCO2; Dollar Bay = 24,760 MtCO2) were greater than previous assessments, which was largely attributed to the fact that detailed evaluation of these reservoirs resulted in higher estimates of porosity and net-porous thickness, and areas of high porosity and thick net-porous intervals were incorporated into the model, likely increasing the calculated volume of storage space available for CO2 sequestration. The geospatial method for evaluating CO2 storage resources also provides the ability to identify areas that potentially contain higher volumes of storage resources, as well as areas that might be less favorable.

  13. Influência da taxa de câmbio e do dólar sobre os preços da borracha natural brasileira Influence of exchange rate and dollar over the Brazilian natural rubber price

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naisy Silva Soares

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisou a influência da taxa de câmbio adotada pelo Brasil e do dólar sobre os preços da borracha natural em moeda brasileira, de janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2009. Para isso, fez-se uso do método "shift-share". Considerando os resultados obtidos, observou-se que as variações ocorridas nos preços da borracha natural em moeda brasileira sofreram maior influência das variações do dólar que das variações da taxa de câmbio, mostrando a importância dos preços da borracha natural na Malásia sobre o comportamento dos preços da borracha natural no Brasil.This study analyzed the influence of exchange rate adopted by Brazil and of the dollar over the prices of the Brazilian Natural Rubber in Brazilian currency, from January 2003 to December 2009. Thus, the shift-share method was used. By considering the results achieved in this study, it was found that changes in prices of natural rubber in Brazilian currency were more influenced by the dollar variations than variations in exchange rate, showing the importance of prices in Malasya over the performance of natural rubber prices in Brazil.

  14. Concrete Durability: A Multibillion-Dollar Opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Superplasticizers 19. ABSTRACT (Coninue an mwsre if mceonay uW-6dentify by block number) Concrete industry practices today fail to take advantage of the many...concrete are very much reduced by incorporating silica fume or slag in appropriately large proportions and are also somewhat reduced by fly ash and...some cases to internal "self-desiccation* by hydration. Most of the pore spaces will refill readily when the concrete is revetted , because of the partial

  15. Euro peal ja dollar all / Tõnis Arnover

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arnover, Tõnis, 1952-

    2007-01-01

    Viimastel päevadel on euro kurss USA dollari suhtes kerkinud oma olemasolu kaheksa aasta kõrgeimale tasemele. Diagramm. Vt. samas: USA mõju kahaneb; Nõrkuse põhjus intressipoliitikas; Dollari ohud seotud eelarve ja naftaga

  16. Conserving large carnivores: dollars and fence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Packer, C; Loveridge, A; Canney, S; Caro, T; Garnett, S T; Pfeifer, M; Zander, K K; Swanson, A; Macnulty, D; Balme, G; Bauer, H; Begg, C M; Begg, K S; Bhalla, S; Bissett, C; Bodasing, T; Brink, H; Burger, A; Burton, A C; Clegg, B; Dell, S; Delsink, A; Dickerson, T; Dloniak, S M; Druce, D; Frank, L; Funston, P; Gichohi, N; Groom, R; Hanekom, C; Heath, B; Hunter, L; Deiongh, H H; Joubert, C J; Kasiki, S M; Kissui, B; Knocker, W; Leathem, B; Lindsey, P A; Maclennan, S D; McNutt, J W; Miller, S M; Naylor, S; Nel, P; Ng'weno, C; Nicholls, K; Ogutu, J O; Okot-Omoya, E; Patterson, B D; Plumptre, A; Salerno, J; Skinner, K; Slotow, R; Sogbohossou, E A; Stratford, K J; Winterbach, C; Winterbach, H; Polasky, S

    2013-05-01

    Conservationists often advocate for landscape approaches to wildlife management while others argue for physical separation between protected species and human communities, but direct empirical comparisons of these alternatives are scarce. We relate African lion population densities and population trends to contrasting management practices across 42 sites in 11 countries. Lion populations in fenced reserves are significantly closer to their estimated carrying capacities than unfenced populations. Whereas fenced reserves can maintain lions at 80% of their potential densities on annual management budgets of $500 km(-2) , unfenced populations require budgets in excess of $2000 km(-2) to attain half their potential densities. Lions in fenced reserves are primarily limited by density dependence, but lions in unfenced reserves are highly sensitive to human population densities in surrounding communities, and unfenced populations are frequently subjected to density-independent factors. Nearly half the unfenced lion populations may decline to near extinction over the next 20-40 years. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/CNRS.

  17. Designing for a Dollar a Day

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyng, Morten

    1988-01-01

    This paper is about the kind of tools and techniques that are accessible to resource weak groups for use in design and evaluation of computer support. "Resource weak" means in this connection, that the economic power and the ability to control the "local environment" of the group is limited....... The human resources of such groups are often (potentially) strong, but restrained by the organization of work and society; and although the tools are cheap the activities are demanding in terms of human resources. This kind of work should be seen as a supplement to participation in design processes...... controlled by others. When end users participate in projects set up by management, these "lay" designers often lack familiarity with the tools and techniques, they lack the power and resources to influence the choice of questions to be considered, and they are not the ones deciding how to utilize the results...

  18. Stretching Your Food Dollar: A Learning Module.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monroe, Sarah D.; And Others

    This manual is designed to assist those helping professionals responsible for developing consumer education programs for older adults on the topic of food purchasing and costs. In a modular presentation format, the materials focus on the follwing areas of concern: (1) information on food buying; (2) planning the food budget; (3) shopping for good…

  19. Million Dollar Busing: Saving Money through Privatization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crates, Cheryl

    2009-01-01

    The economic crisis has had--and will continue to have--a dramatic effect on tax revenue and education spending throughout the United States and beyond. Yet children still show up for school every day in need of an education. In times like these, educators and school business managers must be as committed as ever to providing it. The economic…

  20. Scholar Dollars: Their Use in Classroom Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deery, Ruth

    Suggestions and background information to help teachers use classroom currency to influence students' behavior and academic efforts are provided. There are five parts to the publication. Part 1 discusses the many uses of classroom currency in teaching economics content, for motivation, and in discipline. For example, if teachers find that…

  1. Corporate governance for trillion dollar opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Hugh Grove; Maclyn Clouse

    2017-01-01

    Boards of Directors will have to play a key role in the technological survival and development of companies by asking corporate executives about their plans and strategies for these emerging technological changes and challenges. Key challenges and opportunities discussed in this paper, with corresponding corporate governance implications, included Big Data, Artificial Intelligence (AI) with Industry 4.0, AI with the Internet of Things (IoT), Deep Learning, and Neural Networks. Survival should...

  2. Uranium in Canada: Billion-dollar industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Whillans, R.T.

    1989-01-01

    In 1988, Canada maintained its position as the world's leading producer and exporter of uranium; five primary uranium producers reported concentrate output containing 12,400 MT of uranium, or about one-third of Western production. Uranium shipments made by these producers in 1988 exceeded 13,200 MT, worth Canadian $1.1 billion. Because domestic requirements represent only 15% of current Canadian output, most of Canada's uranium production is available for export. Despite continued market uncertainty in 1988, Canada's uranium producers signed new sales contracts for some 14,000 MT, twice the 1987 level. About 90% of this new volume is with the US, now Canada's major uranium customer. The recent implementation of the Canada/US Free Trade agreement brings benefits to both countries; the uranium industries in each can now develop in an orderly, free market. Canada's uranium industry was restructured and consolidated in 1988 through merger and acquisition; three new uranium projects advanced significantly. Canada's new policy on nonresident ownership in the uranium mining sector, designed to encourage both Canadian and foreign investment, should greatly improve efforts to finance the development of recent Canadian uranium discoveries

  3. How Palo Verde saved millions of dollars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1994-01-01

    In autumn 1992, Arizona Public Service adopted new project control procedures for outages at its three-unit Palo Verde PWR site, including: the switch to a PC-based environment; a new scheduling system; and the generation of improved graphics for decision making. Major cost savings were made and three further outages have now benefitted from the new systems. (author)

  4. How To Stretch Your Food Service Dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, B. Robert

    1973-01-01

    The implications of any program as large as food service suggests that the administrator be conversant with the total field of food service distribution and the extras'' available as part of a burgeoning industry. An administrator has the right to expect competitive prices, excellent quality, good delivery, and superior peripheral services.…

  5. Sublittoral sand dollar (Echillodiscus bisperforatus) communities in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Zoology Department, University of Port Elizabeth, P.O. Box 1600, Port Elizabeth, 6000 Republic of South Africa. Received 20 May ... **Prc~cnt Jddrcss: Sea hsheries Research Institute, Priv

  6. End-Users: Dreams or Dollars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Stephen E.

    1987-01-01

    Examines strategies for marketing online searching to new users, discusses reasons why people become online searchers, and presents data on the business information market. The pricing issue and special librarians as a market segment are also considered. (EM)

  7. More green dollars to the energy business

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valestrand, Morten

    2006-01-01

    Investments in clean tech in the American market increased with 35 percent in 2005. The same green trend is observed in Sweden, and especially wind power has seen a substantial growth globally with a 40 percent increase in the production capacity in 2005 compared to 2004

  8. SQA on five dollars a day

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-01

    This report discusses the following topics: Software safety and reliability issues in safety-related systems; software use control assessment; Testing: Beyond theory; Software process improvement: Formalized unit testing; Software defect analysis for a nuclear weapons application; Function point analysis for estimation of software development schedules; SEI maturity in the Work for Other Program; SSEC SEI experiences; Planning for a Software Engineering Institute (SEI) assessment; Software process improvement, metrics; Software engineering technology plank: Building quality in; Software quality assurance at Y-12; Total quality and SQA at the Kansas City plant; The Software Technology Center at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Software engineering technology transfer in a scientific R&D laboratory; and Institutionalizing the information engineering environment: A practitioner`s perspective.

  9. Your Recreation Dollar. [Revised.] Money Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.; Tarrant, Sharon M., Ed.

    This booklet on recreation, 1 in a series of 12, covers all the basic aspects of personal- and family-money management. Suitable for use by high school and college students as well as adults, this handbook suggests ways to plan recreation expenses for special activities, equipment, and vacation travel. Section 1 looks at the need for recreation…

  10. Economics of Historic Preservation: Dollars and Sense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    April D. ALLEN

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The built environment expresses diversity, identity, individuality, and differentiation. In economics, it is the differentiated product that commands a monetary premium. Historic preservation protects our diverse building stock while creating more construction jobs, returning under-utilized buildings to the tax rolls, attracting heritage tourists, and maximizing the use of existing infrastructure. It has been said that the greenest building is the one that is already built. Four out of five existing buildings will be renovated over the next generation while two new buildings are added. With an overwhelming vastness of existing building stock, this becomes the elephant in the room. We cannot build our way to sustainability but must conserve our way to it. Economically, this makes good sense. Historic preservation, sustainability and conservation go hand in hand to protect our built environment while providing healthy, aesthetically pleasing buildings in which to live, work, and play, thus growing the local economy.

  11. The High Cost of Saving Energy Dollars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Patricia

    1985-01-01

    In alternative financing a private company provides the capital and expertise for improving school energy efficiency. Savings are split between the school system and the company. Options for municipal leasing, cost sharing, and shared savings are explained along with financial, procedural, and legal considerations. (MLF)

  12. Majandust stimuleerib stabiilne dollar / Nathan Lewis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lewis, Nathan

    2013-01-01

    Ligi kaks sajandit järgis USA stabiilse raha põhimõtet - kullastandardit, saavutades seeläbi maailmas liidripositsiooni. 1971. aastal sellest põhimõttest loobuti, peale mida on kullauntsides mõõdetud SKT langenud 78% ja riiki ähvardab liidrikohalt tõukamine

  13. ALARA beyond dollars per person-rem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Waite, D.; Harper, W.

    1983-01-01

    The trend in radiological assessments over the past decade is to extract more and more information from each bit of data. In the 1960's it was sufficient to calculate doses to the maximum individual and populations from exposure to critical nuclides in critical pathways. The 1970's brought the UNSCEAR and BEIR Reports and made the extension of calculated doses to predicted health effects fashionable. The 1980's may see data analysis extended still further to the use of an index of lost productivity. Advantages of these types of uses of dose calculations include the derivation of further insight into the system being analyzed and the attainment of a greater measure of comparability with impacts from agents other than radiological. The question is, where does the uncertainty in the analytical result overwhelm any possibility of its usefulness. This presentation addresses this question in the context of a performance analysis of a high-level nuclear waste repository. Estimates of uncertainty in dose calculations, health effects predictions and loss of productivity predictions are derived from examination of the open literature and the use of propagation of uncertainty techniques. The expected values and uncertainties are compounded as they would be in an ALARA analysis and the outcomes are analyzed. The advantages and disadvantages of truncating the analysis at each stage of extension are discussed. 21 references, 3 tables

  14. Novel model of direct and indirect cost-benefit analysis of mechanical embolectomy over IV tPA for large vessel occlusions: a real-world dollar analysis based on improvements in mRS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangla, Sundeep; O'Connell, Keara; Kumari, Divya; Shahrzad, Maryam

    2016-01-20

    Ischemic strokes result in significant healthcare expenditures (direct costs) and loss of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) (indirect costs). Interventional therapy has demonstrated improved functional outcomes in patients with large vessel occlusions (LVOs), which are likely to reduce the economic burden of strokes. To develop a novel real-world dollar model to assess the direct and indirect cost-benefit of mechanical embolectomy compared with medical treatment with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV tPA) based on shifts in modified Rankin scores (mRS). A cost model was developed including multiple parameters to account for both direct and indirect stroke costs. These were adjusted based upon functional outcome (mRS). The model compared IV tPA with mechanical embolectomy to assess the costs and benefits of both therapies. Direct stroke-related costs included hospitalization, inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation, home care, skilled nursing facilities, and long-term care facility costs. Indirect costs included years of life expectancy lost and lost QALYs. Values for the model cost parameters were derived from numerous resources and functional outcomes were derived from the MR CLEAN study as a reflective sample of LVOs. Direct and indirect costs and benefits for the two treatments were assessed using Microsoft Excel 2013. This cost-benefit model found a cost-benefit of mechanical embolectomy over IV tPA of $163 624.27 per patient and the cost benefit for 50 000 patients on an annual basis is $8 181 213 653.77. If applied widely within the USA, mechanical embolectomy will significantly reduce the direct and indirect financial burden of stroke ($8 billion/50 000 patients). Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  15. 60 million dollars for electric cars; 60 Millionen Dollar fuer die Formel-EE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wedekind, K.

    2007-03-15

    Rising oil prices are a problem for the automobile industry. A new ambitious electric car was recently presented by an American producer. The Tesla Roadster runs exclusively on electric power. (orig.)

  16. 60 million dollars for electric cars; 60 Millionen Dollar fuer die Formel-EE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2007-07-01

    Rising oil prices are a problem for the motor car industry. Now, an ambitious project has been launched in California which may become a serious competitor to gasoline and diesel engines: The Tesla Roadster, which is fuelled from simple wall sockets. (orig.)

  17. Hanford general employee training - A million dollar cost beneficial program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gardner, P.R.

    1991-02-01

    In January 1990, Westinghouse Hanford Company implemented an interactive videodisc training program entitled Hanford General Employee Training. Covering all Institute of Nuclear Power Operations general employee training objectives, training mandated by US Department of Energy orders, and training prescribed by internal Westinghouse Hanford Company policies, Hanford General Employee Training presents and manages engaging training programs individually tailored to each of the 9,000 employees. Development costs for a sophisticated program such as Hanford General Employee Training were high compared to similar costs for developing ''equivalent'' traditional training. Hardware ($500,000) and labor costs ($400,000) totaled $900,000. Annual maintenance costs, equipment plus labor, are totalling about $200,000. On the benefit side, by consolidating some 17 previous Westinghouse Hanford Company courses and more effectively managing the instructional process, Hanford General Employee Training reduced the average student training time from over 11 hours to just under 4 hours. For 9,000 employees, the computed net annual savings exceeds $1.3 million. 2 refs

  18. Your Savings and Investment Dollar. Money Management. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Nancy H., Ed.

    This booklet, written with the beginning investor in mind, will help readers set clear-cut financial goals and develop a savings and investment program for achieving them. It is suitable for personal use by adults or for classroom use in junior high through adult consumer education classes. The booklet provides information on a variety of savings…

  19. Proshtshai, dollar? / Kenneth Rogoff ; tõlk. Irina Sashtshenkova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rogoff, Kenneth

    2008-01-01

    Autor kirjutab dollari nõrgenemisest ja selle alternatiividest rahvusvahelisel valuutaturul ning euro tugevnemisest. Pankurid ja rahandustegelased peaksid hakkama mõtlema, mida teha siis, kui on aeg dollari toetamine lõpetada

  20. Rekordodav dollar pigistab eksportijaid / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 17. juuli 2007, lk. 2. Eelmisel nädalal euro suhtes rekordmadalale langenud dollari hind mõjutab otseselt dollaririikidesse eksportijaid, kuid kaudselt seab löögi alla kõik eksportivad ettevõtted. Vt. samas: Dollari langus: graafik

  1. Dollars from Sense: The Economic Benefits of Renewable Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-09-01

    This document illustrates direct economic benefits, including job creation, of renewable energy technologies. Examples of electricity generation from biomass, wind power, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, and geothermal energy are given, with emphasis on the impact of individual projects on the state and local community. Employment numbers at existing facilities are provided, including total national employment for each renewable industry where available. Renewable energy technologies offer economic advantages because they are more labor-intensive than conventional generation technologies, and they use primarily indigenous resources.

  2. Dollarization In El Salvador And Ecuador: A Model Worth Following

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    great soil quality ready to be converted to banana plantations, the climate was ideal, plant disease in the area was minimal, and the area was...14, 2016, http://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/index.php?db=FM. Figure 14 graphs the inflation rates of Ecuador, Colombia , Peru, and Bolivia...from 1992–2014. Although Peru and Colombia both had high inflation through the 1990s, prior to 2001 Ecuador clearly had the highest rates. All four

  3. New thoughts on the recycling of petro-dollars

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stuetzel, W

    1981-03-01

    An analysis of the relationship between oil bills, current-account deficits, and vulnerability in the international redistribution of oil income examines these relationships under three headings: (1) the oil bill and the current-account balance, (2) the balance on current-account and exchange rate, and (3) weaknesses in the network of international credit relations. The assumption that improvements in the current-account of oil-producing countries will be identical to the total deficits of the oil-importing countries did not hold true for the Federal Republic of Germany after 1974. Policies to reduce the current-account deficit need to improve firm earnings, improve the government budget, and ensure that private household savings exceed debts of private firms and government besides reducing the oil import bill. Four examples show that currency strength is the result of balancing the capital side as well as the goods and services side. The importance of world money markets reflects the risk of instability from short-term to long-term maturity transformations and from changes in exchange rates. If credit market participants are required to hold more equity capital, the need for intervention or central bank crisis management will diminish. (DCK)

  4. Kaun Banega Crorepati - A Million Dollars for a Mathematician ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... all sciences'. Mathematics these days has a presence in a wide range of human ... about numbers is worth as much as a question about the system of the world'. .... flow, particle physics and computer science, but are none the less exciting ...

  5. Judging Money: When Courts Decide How to Spend Taxpayer Dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Josh; Derthick, Martha

    2007-01-01

    Since the 1970s, proponents of greater spending in disadvantaged school districts have pursued their goal through litigation in state courts. They have brought suits in 45 of the 50 states. These suits began with claims of equity, which sought to redistribute revenues from rich to poor districts. Disappointed with the results, within a decade the…

  6. Dollars and sense: Mitigating budget risk for ICD-10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newell, Lucy Mancini; DeSilva, Joseph J

    2013-02-01

    The extended deadline for ICD-10 implementation is time that should not be wasted. Healthcare leaders should keep three things in mind: CFOs should approach the effort knowing the costs of ICD-10 implementation will be high and spread over multiple budget years. Training, productivity, and contractual issues are among key areas that will be challenged by ICD-10 implementation. Healthcare finance leaders should work to improve cash-on-hand and cash reserves prior to the ICD-10 deadline to ensure liquidity post-compliance.

  7. Get More for Your Maintenance Dollar through Contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donahue, Ron

    1983-01-01

    The use of contractors for the performance of maintenance duties in parks and recreational facilities is recommended as a legitimate tool to improve productivity or upgrade quality. An example of the use of contracts is provided. (CJ)

  8. Multiproject wafers: not just for million-dollar mask sets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morse, Richard D.

    2003-06-01

    With the advent of Reticle Enhancement Technologies (RET) such as Optical Proximity Correction (OPC) and Phase Shift Masks (PSM) required to manufacture semiconductors in the sub-wavelength era, the cost of photomask tooling has skyrocketed. On the leading edge of technology, mask set prices often exceed $1 million. This shifts an enormous burden back to designers and Electronic Design Automation (EDA) software vendors to create perfect designs at a time when the number of transistors per chip is measured in the hundreds of millions, and gigachips are on the drawing boards. Moore's Law has driven technology to incredible feats. The prime beneficiaries of the technology - memory and microprocessor (MPU) manufacturers - can continue to fit the model because wafer volumes (and chip prices in the MPU case) render tooling costs relatively insignificant. However, Application-Specific IC (ASIC) manufacturers and most foundry clients average very small wafer per reticle ratios causing a dramatic and potentially insupportable rise in the cost of manufacturing. Multi-Project wafers (MPWs) are a way to share the cost of tooling and silicon by putting more than one chip on each reticle. Lacking any unexpected breakthroughs in simulation, verification, or mask technology to reduce the cost of prototyping, more efficient use of reticle space becomes a viable and increasingly attractive choice. It is worthwhile therefore, to discuss the economics of prototyping in the sub-wavelength era and the increasing advantages of the MPW, shared-silicon approach. However, putting together a collection of different-sized chips during tapeout can be challenging and time consuming. Design compatibility, reticle field optimization, and frame generation have traditionally been the biggest worries but, with the advent of dummy-fill for planarization and RET for resolution, another layer of complexity has been added. MPW automation software is quite advanced today, but the size of the task dictates careful consideration of the alternative methods.

  9. How Much Is That in Dollars?: Costly International Downsizing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renard, Monika; Tracy, Kay

    2011-01-01

    Economic downturns can lead companies doing business internationally to cut costs by reducing staff and/or closing subsidiaries. Efficiency in downsizing can put people and capital to their most effective use. This exercise educates students about country differences in labor termination practices, costs, legal requirements for downsizing, and…

  10. The Million Dollar Bowl. OSHA in the Office.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swartz, Carl

    Accidents to office workers add up to 40,000 injuries and more than 200 deaths a year, amounting to expenses from medical assistance and loss of productivity of $100 million. Leading types of accidents are falling caused by slipping on slick or wet floors, tripping over file drawers, slipping on debris on stairs, injuries from poor lighting,…

  11. Global Absolute Poverty: Behind the Veil of Dollars

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moatsos, M.

    2015-01-01

    The global absolute poverty rates of the World Bank demonstrate a continued decline of poverty in developing countries between 1983 and 2012. However, the methodology applied to derive these results has received extensive criticism by scholars for requiring the application of PPP exchange rates and

  12. Billion dollar paperclip think smarter about your data

    CERN Document Server

    Short, Gregory

    2014-01-01

    EVERY PRODUCT HAS A STORY TO BE TOLD Two nearly identical products are released: one breaks all sales records while the other sits on store shelves untouched. The products look the same. They have the same target market, the same price, and similar retailers. So why did one succeed, where the other failed? Market researchers and data analysts have been wrestling with questions like this for decades. As the flood of Big Data adds both possibilities and complexities to traditional research methodologies, the ultimate solution for companies seeking to become data enabled has finally emerged. Insp

  13. Dollarizing Qualitative Discriminators Used in Best Value Source Selections

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Borchers, Jason

    2001-01-01

    .... This has a direct impact on how source selections are conducted. This research proposes a method using four different levels of cost that will provide the government with the best overall value in the conduction of source selections...

  14. Are all Dollars Equal? The Meanings Behind Migrants’ Financial Transfers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Mata-Codesal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo ofrece un análisis detallado de las transferencias monetarias entre per-sonas migrantes y sus familias en dos zonas rurales de los Andes ecuatorianos. Seidentifican y analizan cinco transferencias distintas: remesas sustento, ahorros delas personas migrantes, pago de deudas, dinero para emergencias y dinero-regalo.En cada caso, los significados asociados a los dólares recibidos son diferentes. Paraentender plenamente las transferencias de dinero entre las personas migrantes y susfamilias, hay que mirar la relación que se existe entre ambos grupos. Esta relaciónque incluye mutuas y a veces divergentes expectativas y obligaciones, es compleja yestá marcada por cuestiones de género, edad y parentesco.

  15. Quo vadis, USA dollar? : finantsturgude viimastest arengutest / Robert Liljequist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liljequist, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Swedbank AB Soome strateegiajuht vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad USA majandust alanud aastal, dollari n.-ö turvalise valuuta staatuse kaotamise ohtu, võlakirjade ostmise vähendamist ja selle mõju USA dollarile, Euroopa Keskpanga poliitika mõju euro ja USA dollari suhtele. Swebanki prognoos USA dollari kohta

  16. Dollars and Deadlines: Rule Reforms in Short Time Frames

    Science.gov (United States)

    ABSTRACT: In "At Last! Aye, and there's the Rub" (i.e., the target article for this commentary), Capron describes challenges related to the timing for development, adoption, and revision of the Common Rule. Specifically, what the National Commission thought would be a...

  17. Dollars and sense: the financial impact of Canadian wellness initiatives†.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkin, Christa L; Connelly, Catherine E

    2015-09-01

    The popular press reports anecdotal benefits of organizational initiatives that are designed to improve employees' work-life balance and wellness, but the long-term impact of these initiatives on firms' financial performance is unknown. Our longitudinal study of publicly traded Canadian organizations uses the strategic human resources management framework to explain why these initiatives may affect their financial performance. We use an exploratory factor analysis of three waves of archival data to identify two types of initiatives and regression to measure their impact on return on assets (ROA). Our findings suggest that, after 2 years, health promotion initiatives significantly decreased ROA, while work-life balance initiatives significantly increased it. Both effects became non-significant over the longer term. © The Author (2013). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  18. Risk Management: Getting the Most for Your Insurance Dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramson, Paul

    1973-01-01

    Analyze what insurance is intended to do by going through the risk management process: identify exposures to loss, measure their financial impact on the institution, rationalize the means of controlling exposures, prevent loss, and set up a program to minimize the impact of loss through insurance or other means. (Author)

  19. SQUID use for Geophysics: finding billions of dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Catherine

    2014-03-01

    Soon after their discovery, Jim Zimmerman saw the potential of using Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices, SQUIDs, for the study of Geophysics and undertook experiments to understand the magnetic phenomena of the Earth. However his early experiments were not successful. Nevertheless up to the early 1980's, some research effort in the use of SQUIDs for geophysics continued and many ideas of how you could use SQUIDs evolved. Their use was not adopted by the mining industry at that time for a range of reasons. The discovery of high temperature superconductors started a reinvigoration in the interest to use SQUIDs for mineral exploration. Several groups around the world worked with mining companies to develop both liquid helium and nitrogen cooled systems. The realisation of the achievable sensitivity that contributed to successful mineral discoveries and delineation led to real financial returns for miners. By the mid 2000's, SQUID systems for geophysics were finally being offered for sale by several start-up companies. This talk will tell the story of SQUID use in geophysics. It will start with the early work of the SQUID pioneers including that of Jim Zimmerman and John Clarke and will also cover the development since the early 1990's up to today of a number of magnetometers and gradiometers that have been successfully commercialised and used to create significant impact in the global resources industry. The talk will also cover some of the critical technical challenges that had to be overcome to succeed. It will focus mostly on magnetically unshielded systems used in the field although some laboratory-based systems will be discussed.

  20. Digging up Classroom Dollars on DonorsChoose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curriculum Review, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Back in 2000, Charles Best was teaching at Wings Academy, an alternative high school in the Bronx, when he got the idea for a Web site where teachers could solicit donations for class projects. With help from his students, DonorsChoose.org soon was born. Last year, the site won Amazon.com's Nonprofit Innovation Award. So far, DonorsChoose has…

  1. Dollars & Sense: The Cost Effectiveness of Small Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bingler, Steven; Diamond, Barbara M.; Hill, Bobbie; Hoffman, Jerry L.; Howley, Craig B.; Lawrence, Barbara Kent; Mitchell, Stacy; Rudolph, David; Washor, Elliot

    This publication summarizes research on the educational and social benefits of small schools and the negative effects of large schools on students, teachers, and members of the community, as well as the "diseconomies of scale" inherent in large schools. It asserts that research shows that measuring the cost of education by graduates rather than by…

  2. Save Energy Dollars with DOE Operations and Maintenance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appel, Margo

    2010-01-01

    At budget-crunching time, school administrators and business officials sometimes find themselves trimming the district's budget for teachers, textbooks, and technology in order to cover ballooning energy costs. Nearly one-third of the energy consumed in the average U.S. school is wasted. The country's least efficient schools use four times more…

  3. Lost in the ether - a 20 dollar round-trip

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2014-01-01

    The advent of cheap mass-produced electronics has brought with it a series of devices, "Software Defined Radios", that allow us to listen on a wide range of frequencies for as little as 20 CHF/USD. In this talk I will show some cool things that you can discover with no more than an SDR and some pieces of wire. Spoiler: there will be airplanes involved.

  4. A Trillion-Dollar Question: What Predicts Student Loan Delinquencies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mezza, Alvaro; Sommer, Kamila

    2016-01-01

    The recent significant increase in student loan delinquencies has generated interest in understanding the key factors predicting the non-performance of these loans. However, despite the large size of the student loan market, existing analyses have been limited by lack of data. This paper studies predictors of student loan delinquencies using a…

  5. Tapping into a Billion Dollar Resource, SBIR/STTR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexcur, Paul; Kalshoven, James

    2002-10-01

    This presentation provides an overview of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs as implemented by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). These programs, as mandated by Congress, provide an opportunity for small, high technology companies and research institutions to participate in Government sponsored research and development (R&D) efforts in key technology areas. This presentation describes the background and operation of these two programs and discusses what factors a business should consider in making the decision to participate.

  6. Multimillion Dollar Construction Project Completed in Glenn's Icing Research Tunnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kevdzija, Susan L.

    2001-01-01

    Over the last year, the Glenn Research Center's Icing Research Tunnel (IRT) underwent a major $5.2 million rehabilitation project as part of the Construction of Facilities program. The scope of the project included redesign and replacement of the 55-yr-old heat exchanger, the addition of fan outlet guide vanes for flow conditioning downstream of the 25-ft-diameter fan, and redesign and replacement of the C and D corner-turning vanes. The purpose of the rehabilitation was to replace old portions of the infrastructure and to improve the aerodynamic flow quality in the tunnel.

  7. Allocation of healthcare dollars: analysis of nonneonatal circumcisions in Florida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutwein, Luke G; Alvarez, Juan F; Gutwein, Jenny L; Kays, David W; Islam, Saleem

    2013-09-01

    Circumcision remains a controversial operation. Most procedures are performed in the neonatal period and avoid general anesthesia. Legislation driven by policy statements from the American Academy of Pediatrics led to significant changes in circumcisions in Florida with a shift to nonneonatal procedures as a result of costs. We sought to study the prevalence and financial implications of nonneonatal circumcisions in Florida. A retrospective population study was performed using the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration outpatient procedure database. We queried for patients 0 to 17 years of age undergoing circumcision between 2003 and 2008. Demographics, charges, and insurance status were analyzed. From 2003 to 2008, 31,741 outpatient circumcisions were performed. Publicly funded circumcisions accounted for 17,537 charging the state $6,263 on average for each circumcision at an expense of $111.8 million for the 5-year time period analyzed. Publicly funded circumcision procedures increased more than sixfold (P < 0.0001) than those covered by private insurance. Black circumcision procedures increased 77.3 per cent, whereas white circumcisions increased 28.7 per cent. There has been a significant increase in the number of nonneonatal circumcisions performed. This has resulted in an increase in economic health care. Public funding of neonatal circumcision could result in significant cost savings and avoid potential complications of general anesthesia.

  8. The Million-Dollar Question: Can Internships Boost Employment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Patrícia; Lopes, Betina; Costa, Marco; Melo, Ana I.; Dias, Gonçalo Paiva; Brito, Elisabeth; Seabra, Dina

    2018-01-01

    Higher education institutions are increasingly concerned with the professional insertion of graduates in the labour market and with the design of institutional mechanisms to facilitate students' transition from higher education to work, particularly given the context of scarcity of financial resources and the rise of graduate unemployment. This…

  9. 78 FR 23902 - Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ..., meat food, poultry, and poultry products do not apply to operations of types traditionally and usually conducted at retail stores and restaurants when those operations are conducted at any retail store or..., restaurants, and similar institutions without disqualifying itself for exemption from Federal inspection...

  10. 77 FR 24456 - Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... hotels, restaurants, and similar institutions without disqualifying itself for exemption from Federal... the preparation or processing produces products in normal retail quantities, and the operations are of the type that are traditionally and usually conducted at retail stores and restaurants (21 U.S.C. 661...

  11. The Multi-Billion Dollar Drug-Sensitive Spending Opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Easter, Jon C; Thorpe, Kenneth

    2018-01-01

    Chronic diseases increase utilization and avoidable drug-sensitive spending, but little is done to optimize medication use and drive value. Value-based approaches to health care financing should shift focus to drug-sensitive spending to balance patient access and quality improvement with cost containment. ©2018 by the North Carolina Institute of Medicine and The Duke Endowment. All rights reserved.

  12. Raspberry Pi: a 35-dollar device for viewing DICOM images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omir Antunes Paiva

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Raspberry Pi is a low-cost computer created with educational purposes. It uses Linux and, most of times, freeware applications, particularly a software for viewing DICOM images. With an external monitor, the supported resolution (1920 × 1200 pixels allows for the set up of simple viewing workstations at a reduced cost.

  13. Dollar Enterprise – Integrating Experiential Leaning in Teaching Community Entrepreneurship

    OpenAIRE

    Liang, Chyi-Lyi (Kathleen)

    2012-01-01

    Everybody has had dreams. Some of the dream ideas have the potential to be developed into successful enterprise concepts (for commercial enterprises or non-profit organizations), if we know how to proceed to prepare for success and failure. Unfortunately sometimes a dream idea can also become a nightmare for people who do not have adequate skills and knowledge to capitalize on opportunities. Being an entrepreneur does not imply one must own a business. Those who have dreamed about being their...

  14. FY97 nuclear-related budgets total 493 billion yen (4.4 billion dollars)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1996-01-01

    On September 13, the Atomic Energy Commission of Japan announced the estimated nuclear-related budget requests for FY1997 (April, 1997 - Mach, 1998), giving the breakdowns for eight ministries and agencies. The total amount requested by the government bodies was 493.3 billion yen, 0.8% increase as compared with FY96. this figure includes the budget requests of the Science and Technology Agency (STA), the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, the Okinawa Development Agency, and the Ministry of Home Affairs, but excludes the budget request made by the Ministry of Education. The budget requests of STA and MITI are 360 billion yen and 126 billion yen, respectively. On August 29, STA released its estimated FY97 budget request. The nuclear-related 360.4 billion yen is 0.9% more than that in year before. Of this sum, 199.9 billion yen is in the general account, and 160.6 billion yen is in the special account for power source development. The details of the nuclear-related amounts are explained. On August 26, MITI released its estimated budget request for FY97, and of the nuclear-related 125.7 billion yen (0.1% increase from FY96), 200 million yen is in the general account, and 98.9 billion yen and 26.6 billion yen are in the special accounts for power resource development and power source diversification, respectively. (K.I.)

  15. Alphabetic List of All DoD Prime Contractors (No Dollars), FY84.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    LABORATORIES DART AND KRAFT INC DATA :NSTRUMENTS INC DATA/WARE DEVELOPMENT DART INDUSTRIES INC DATA INTERFACE SYSTEMS CORP DATABASE TEC TRNSFR CORP DARTMOUTH...SEASONS ENGINEERING LTD FORESTVILLE SUNOCO INC FORTNEY ELECTRIC CO INC FOUR SEASONS HEATING & A COND FOREX CHEMICAL CORP FORWAY INDUSTRIES INC FOUR

  16. Hanford general employee training: A million dollar cost-beneficial program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gardner, P.R.

    1991-01-01

    In January, 1990, Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) implemented an interactive videodisc training program entitled Hanford General Employee Training (HGET). Following an introduction by the course instructor, students begin the interactive video segment of the course by taking a tour of an office building. In fact, this tour is simply a setting in which to give the student a checkout on safety, security, and quality issues. For example, at one point the guide leaves the room and the phone suddenly begins a steady ring. This is a particular alarm at WHC, and the student is challenged to respond correctly. Missed questions flag corresponding tutorials to be delivered either immediately or on completion of the tour. Instructors receive notification of weakoesses left unremedied. Development costs for a sophisticated program such as HGET were high compared to similar costs for developing equivalent traditional training. Hardware and labor totaled $900K. Annual maintenance costs, equipment plus labor, appear to be running about $200K. On the benefit side, by consolidating some seventeen previous WHC courses and more effectively managing the instructional process, HGET reduced the average student training time from over eleven hours to just under four hours. In the development and implementation of HGET a number of issues were resolved, some more successfully than others: (1) what about job security for former instructors? (2) how should the course be run on a daily basis? (we envisioned a combination of instructor and videodisc); (3) how high will the maintenance costs be? (higher than projected); etc. Many obstacles arise, most in connection with the large number of groups and personnel whose efforts had to be coordinated

  17. Cost Comparison in 2015 Dollars for Radioisotope Power Systems -- Cassini and Mars Science Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Werner, James Elmer; Johnson, Stephen Guy; Dwight, Carla Chelan; Lively, Kelly Lynn

    2016-01-01

    Radioisotope power systems (RPSs) have enabled missions requiring reliable, long-lasting power in remote, harsh environments such as space since the early 1960s. Costs for RPSs are high, but are often misrepresented due to the complexity of space missions and inconsistent charging practices among the many and changing participant organizations over the years. This paper examines historical documentation associated with two past successful flight missions, each with a different RPS design, to provide a realistic cost basis for RPS production and deployment. The missions and their respective RPSs are Cassini, launched in 1997, that uses the general purpose heat source (GPHS) radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG), and Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), launched in 2011, that uses the multi-mission RTG (MMRTG). Actual costs in their respective years are discussed for each of the two RTG designs and the missions they enabled, and then present day values to 2015 are computed to compare the costs. Costs for this analysis were categorized into two areas: development of the specific RTG technology, and production and deployment of an RTG. This latter category includes material costs for the flight components (including Pu-238 and fine weave pierced fabric (FWPF)); manufacturing of flight components; assembly, testing, and transport of the flight RTG(s); ground operations involving the RTG(s) through launch; nuclear safety analyses for the launch and for the facilities housing the RTG(s) during all phases of ground operations; DOE's support for NEPA analyses; and radiological contingency planning. This analysis results in a fairly similar 2015 normalized cost for the production and deployment of an RTG-approximately $118M for the GPHS-RTG and $109M for the MMRTG. In addition to these two successful flight missions, the costs for development of the MMRTG are included to serve as a future reference. Note that development costs included herein for the MMRTG do not include costs from NASA staff or facilities for their development efforts-they only include the amounts costed by DOE and DOE contractors. The 2015 value for MMRTG development is $83M. Both of the RPS types analyzed herein use the general purpose heat source (GPHS) module as the 'heart of the RPS.' The estimates presented herein do not include development costs for the GPHS. These estimates also do not include the RPS infrastructure cost to maintain the facilities, equipment, and personnel necessary to enable the production of RPSs, except to the extent that the infrastructure is utilized during the production campaigns to provide RPSs for missions. It was not until after the Cassini mission that an RPS infrastructure funding structure was defined and funded separately from mission-specific elements. The information presented herein could allow for more accurate budget planning estimates for space missions being considered over the next decade and beyond.

  18. Half a dollar per kWh and still cheap electricity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Daey Ouwens, C.

    1991-01-01

    An analysis for the costs of electricity produced by an autonomous solar cell system in combination with efficient electric appliances, as they are used in houses and small offices, is presented. If efficient appliances are used, an average household will use about 700 kWh per year, compared to about 3000 kWh it is using on average at present. Efficient appliances, however, are more expensive. The extra cost per kWh saved is about the same as the cost of the fuel needed to produce a kWh in a power plant. The 700 kWh per year can be produced by an autonomous solar cell system with an area of 3 m 2 (efficiency 19%). The analysis is valid roughly for the area between 40 o northern and southern latitude. A comparison has been made between the total costs of a grid connection and the costs of an autonomous solar cell system. If all costs are capitalized and compiled, a grid connection will amount to about $6,000 (fuel costs are not included). The costs of a solar cell system producing 700 kWh per year are about the same or even lower. The modular nature of solar cell systems makes it possible to start with a certain number of appliances, depending on the amount of money one can spend. 6 tabs., 2 refs

  19. Analysis of the factors contributing to the one trillion dollars wasted on nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simnad, M.T.

    1989-01-01

    The impacts of societal and regulatory impediments on the cost of generating electricity from nuclear power plants are addressed in this study. Economic losses are incurred as the result of interest payments for capital and excessive incremental costs for replacement power (resulting from construction delays or from cancellation of partially or completely built reactors). The total costs for these delays or cancellations are estimated to be approximately $500 billion each for the US and non-US countries (including the Eastern Block). (author)

  20. Lean production efforts help save 7.5M dollars in 1 year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-01

    System undertakes 150 rapid process improvement workshops. Eliminating various types of waste is one of key foci of lean production approach. Time is main metric of methodology; observers measure processes with stopwatches.

  1. There are good dollars and sense in good radiation protection management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Catlin, R.J.

    1985-01-01

    In the following portions of this paper, the author reviews the definition and relationship of the probability of causation, and the need for a clear distinction between the scientific and technical factors underlying the PC approach, as contrasted with the societal factors - a distinction that tends to become confused because of overlap. He reviews the most recent development activities, showing how these may be analyzed in scientific and societal terms. He shows how the developmental bases and data requirements for the PC approach have evolved from those used for preparing radiation protection standards. A short review of arguments is given concerning probability of causation that have been raised by various litigants in recent compensation proceedings, and some preliminary estimates of projected compensation costs that could arise from various applications of the PC methodology, including inappropriate uses. Finally, the author summarizes what he considers to be key risk analysis considerations and implications for the nuclear industry

  2. 12 CFR 713.5 - What is the required minimum dollar amount of coverage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... coverage required, but a federal credit union's board of directors should purchase additional or enhanced... its own internal risk assessment, its fraud trends and loss experience, and factors such as its cash...

  3. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Part 9 (6150-7030)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    0If 0 0 I in0 .c a i L w I. w 0 L " IZ IK 1- - 4c 8 - 2w w w 0 c I 4 I V0z z z cc zz 0 0 1 -- I I 8- C- 9- C32m I I 1 0 2 (00 acCa IO I W z 0 hi hi w...4 O go w1. 0 a4 C 0~. 0 0 WE IAJ 0 - 60 a La a im L . C 0 # a 4 a 0 f6 I . *o a W 0P -N V- 04m N .4 C- qr .4 -4 4 qv v (IP 4 N- 94 S .4 . 0I 0. -;i

  4. South Africa and United States stock prices and the Rand/Dollar exchange rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Ocran

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to examine the dynamic causal relations between the two major financial assets, stock prices of the US and South Africa and the rand/US$ exchange rate. The study uses a mixed bag of time series approaches such as cointegration, Granger causality, impulse response functions and forecasting error variance decompositions.  The paper identifies a bi-directional causality from the Standard & Poor’s 500 stock price index to the rand/US$ exchange rate in the Granger sense. It was also found that the Standard & Poor’s stock price index accounts for a significant portion of the variations in the Johannesburg Stock Exchange’s All Share index. Thus, while causality in the Granger sense could not be established for the relationship between the price indices of the two stock exchanges it can argued that there is some relationship between them. The results of the study have implications for both business and Government.

  5. Dollars for lives: the effect of highway capital investments on traffic fatalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen-Hoang, Phuong; Yeung, Ryan

    2014-12-01

    This study examines the effect of highway capital investments on highway fatalities. We used state-level data from the 48 contiguous states in the United States from 1968 through 2010 to estimate the effects on highway fatalities of capital expenditures and highway capital stock. We estimated these effects by controlling for a set of control variables together with state and year dummy variables and state-specific linear time trends. We found that capital expenditures and capital stock had significant and negative effects on highway fatalities. States faced with declines in gas tax revenues have already cut back drastically on spending on roads including on maintenance and capital outlay. If this trend continues, it may undermine traffic safety. While states and local governments are currently fiscally strained, it is important for them to continue investments in roadways to enhance traffic safety and, more significantly, to save lives. Copyright © 2014 National Safety Council and Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Disease, diagnoses, and dollars: facing the ever-expanding market for medical care

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kaplan, Robert M

    2009-01-01

    ... the elderly and people with some defined problems, such as kidney failure. Medicaid covers the blind, the disabled, and families with dependent children. Most people have private insurance that is paid for by their employers. The public systems are in financial trouble, and an increasing number of employers claim that they are no longer a...

  7. A time series analysis of transportation energy use per dollar of gross domestic product

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Transportation energy use relative to gross domestic product (GDP) has been declining within the past decade. However, the total transportation energy consumed (see figure 1) shows only a more recent decline. To see clearly the long-term decline, the...

  8. Cost Comparison in 2015 Dollars for Radioisotope Power Systems -- Cassini and Mars Science Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Werner, James Elmer [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Johnson, Stephen Guy [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Dwight, Carla Chelan [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Lively, Kelly Lynn [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2016-07-01

    Radioisotope power systems (RPSs) have enabled missions requiring reliable, long-lasting power in remote, harsh environments such as space since the early 1960s. Costs for RPSs are high, but are often misrepresented due to the complexity of space missions and inconsistent charging practices among the many and changing participant organizations over the years. This paper examines historical documentation associated with two past successful flight missions, each with a different RPS design, to provide a realistic cost basis for RPS production and deployment. The missions and their respective RPSs are Cassini, launched in 1997, that uses the general purpose heat source (GPHS) radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG), and Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), launched in 2011, that uses the multi-mission RTG (MMRTG). Actual costs in their respective years are discussed for each of the two RTG designs and the missions they enabled, and then present day values to 2015 are computed to compare the costs. Costs for this analysis were categorized into two areas: development of the specific RTG technology, and production and deployment of an RTG. This latter category includes material costs for the flight components (including Pu-238 and fine weave pierced fabric (FWPF)); manufacturing of flight components; assembly, testing, and transport of the flight RTG(s); ground operations involving the RTG(s) through launch; nuclear safety analyses for the launch and for the facilities housing the RTG(s) during all phases of ground operations; DOE’s support for NEPA analyses; and radiological contingency planning. This analysis results in a fairly similar 2015 normalized cost for the production and deployment of an RTG—approximately $118M for the GPHS-RTG and $109M for the MMRTG. In addition to these two successful flight missions, the costs for development of the MMRTG are included to serve as a future reference. Note that development costs included herein for the MMRTG do not include costs from NASA staff or facilities for their development efforts—they only include the amounts costed by DOE and DOE contractors. The 2015 value for MMRTG development is $83M. Both of the RPS types analyzed herein use the general purpose heat source (GPHS) module as the “heart of the RPS.” The estimates presented herein do not include development costs for the GPHS. These estimates also do not include the RPS infrastructure cost to maintain the facilities, equipment, and personnel necessary to enable the production of RPSs, except to the extent that the infrastructure is utilized during the production campaigns to provide RPSs for missions. It was not until after the Cassini mission that an RPS infrastructure funding structure was defined and funded separately from mission-specific elements. The information presented herein could allow for more accurate budget planning estimates for space missions being considered over the next decade and beyond.

  9. ANALYSIS AND FORECASTING THE VOLATILITY OF EURO – DOLLAR EXCHANGE RATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Václava Pánková

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The study on volatility and asymmetry of the exchange rate is applied to the Euro/USD relation. Starting in U.S.A., the financial and economic crisis influenced European Union with a certain delay. On the other hand, this years´ problems in Eurozone are paralleled by rising American economy. That is why we can expect both currencies to develop in different ways. In general, the depreciation deviation of exchange rate can lead to a higher volatility than the appreciation deviation, what implicates asymmetric effects. The uncertainty of exchange rate has a tendency to be inconstant in the time-varying cases, so it has a feature of conditional heteroscedasticity. That is why the models from the ARCH family are employed to study whether the asymmetry is present in the data in question; source: ECB. The Engle – Ng tests for asymmetry in volatility are used to determine whether an asymmetric model is required as adequate. A forecast will be given including an ex post comparison as well as an ex ante prognosis. Financial support from the GA CR project 402/09/0273 and the Research Plan MSM 6138439909 is appreciated.

  10. How do we sell the hygiene message? With dollars, dong or excreta?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Peter Kjaer Mackie; Phuc, Pham Duc; West, Line Gram Knudsen

    2010-01-01

    . However, farmers in this region cannot afford to follow these guidelines and this paper presents the reasons why.In their efforts to ensure optimal hygienic conditions, by providing a guideline, the Vietnamese health authorities have not put sufficient attention to the 'excreta economy' in relation...... the hygiene message for most Vietnamese farmers. Even at national level the excreta economy has an impact. If Vietnam were to replace human excreta with imported fertilizer, it would involve an extra national expenditure of at least US$ 83 million a year.In order to convince Vietnamese farmers to adopt...... different fertilizing methods when reusing human excreta, it is necessary for the Vietnamese health authorities to change their hygiene message. They need to replace their current health sector-specific approach with a holistic one that takes the premises of farmers' livelihoods into account. If they do...

  11. Actinide chemistry: From test tube to billion dollar plant--A BNFL perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parkes, Peter

    2000-01-01

    British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL) is currently operating its third generation of nuclear plant for the management of irradiated nuclear fuel. Development for the fourth generation plant must meet requirements for processing higher burn-up fuel with lower unit costs, lower environmental impact, better process control, and more flexible control of actinides

  12. Redundancy, Discrimination and Corruption in the Multibillion-Dollar Business of College Admissions Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzo, Monica Ellen

    2012-01-01

    Most American colleges and universities require standardized entrance exams when making admissions decisions. Scores on these exams help determine if, when and where students will be allowed to pursue higher education. These scores are also used to determine eligibility for merit based financial aid. This testing persists even though half of the…

  13. Oil resource panel finds more oil in United States by adding dollars and advancing recovery technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1992-01-01

    Three years ago, the experts figures the US had only 49.4 Bbo in undiscovered, recoverable reserves. Now, there's more undiscovered resources and more reserve growth. Those figures include present proved reserves of 25 Bbo. They also include undiscovered recoverable resources ranging from 43 Bbo to 90 Bbo and reserve growth in existing fields ranging from 31 Bbo to 89 Bbo. Those are the estimates from a panel of oil resource analysts assembled August 31 and September 1 by the University of Texas at Austin's Bureau of Economic Geology and the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research. At current US production of 2.7 Bbo/year, the estimate gives the US a supply lasting from 35 to 75 years

  14. Defense Dollars and Sense: A Common Cause Guide to the Defense Budget Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rovner, Mark

    Designed to increase public awareness of military spending, this 5-part guide examines the process and problems of preparing the national defense budget. The publication begins with a brief overview of the 1984 defense budget. Major military programs, trends in budgeting, and key concerns in budget formulation are explored. Graphs and charts…

  15. Foreign Military Sales: Millions of Dollars of Nonrecurring Research and Development Costs Have Not Been Recovered

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1998-01-01

    .... Foreign military sales are made on an individual case basis. The cases are initiated by a foreign country representative sending a letter of request to DOD asking for various information, such as precise price data...

  16. 23 science societies issue joint call for more federal research dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlowicz, Michael

    In an unprecedented demonstration of unity, the leaders of 23 American scientific societies and umbrella organizations gathered on March 4 in Washington, D.C., to press the U.S. federal government for increased funding for scientific research and to make an investment in the nation's future. In a “Joint Statement on Scientific Research” addressed to President Bill Clinton and the Congress, the presidents of learned societies representing more than one million scientists, mathematicians, and engineers asked the government “to renew the nation's historical commitment to scientific research and education,” and to reverse the decline of federal investment in science and engineering. The American Geophysical Union was one of the signatories of the statement.

  17. Business Value Is not only Dollars : Results from Case Study Research on Agile Software Projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Racheva, Z.; Daneva, Maia; Sikkel, Nicolaas; Buglione, Luigi; Ali Babar, M.; Vierimaa, Matias; Oivo, Markku

    Business value is a key concept in agile software development. This paper presents results of a case study on how business value and its creation is perceived in the context of agile projects. Our overall conclusion is that the project participants almost never use an explicit and structured

  18. Queen's researchers make the grade: University boasts two of three finalists for million-dollar grant

    CERN Multimedia

    Armstrong, F E

    2003-01-01

    Two Queen's University researchers are among three Canadian finalists in a contest to win $1 million. Art McDonald, director of the Queen's-run Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Institute, and John Smol, Canada Research Chair in Environmental Change, have been nominated for the Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering (1 page).

  19. The A.P Møller shares, the US dollar and the price of oil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risager, Ole

    2003-01-01

    1. Brief IntroductionThe two companies D/S Svendborg and D/S 1912 have for almost a century been the parent companiesof the A.P. Møller Group. These companies were founded by Mr. Arnold Peter Møller and his fatherCaptain Peter Mærsk Møller. They were in the beginning entirely into shipping. In 1912...

  20. Data Bank 1B - Ticket Dollar Value Origin and Destination - Public Version : second quarter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    This CD presents the same data as Data Bank 1B and also includes dual codes for the operating and ticketed carrier and incorporates data as reported each quarter by participating air carriers from the continuous 10% sample of airline tickets. It incl...

  1. Data Bank 1B - Ticket Dollar Value Origin and Destination - Public Version : fourth quarter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    This CD presents the same data as Data Bank 1B and also includes dual codes for the operating and ticketed carrier and incorporates data as reported each quarter by participating air carriers from the continuous 10% sample of airline tickets. It incl...

  2. Data Bank 1B - Ticket Dollar Value Origin and Destination - Public Version : first quarter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    This CD presents the same data as Data Bank 1B and also includes dual codes for the operating and ticketed carrier and incorporates data as reported each quarter by participating air carriers from the continuous 10% sample of airline tickets. It incl...

  3. 7 CFR 457.139 - Fresh market tomato (dollar plan) crop insurance provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... a wholesaler, retailer, packer, processor, shipper or buyer. Examples of direct marketing include... offered by us for each planting period and practice. For example, if you choose 100 percent of the maximum... second time for ground-culture tomatoes (the third time for staked tomatoes); (ii) Unharvested mature...

  4. Russian dollars on the Baltic threshold / Tatyana Merkulova, Alexander Ushakov, Vaidotas Vysniauskas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merkulova, Tatyana

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Baltiiskii Kurss, nr. 18, 2001, lk. 16-18. Venemaa naftatransiit Baltimaades. Suuremad transiidiettevõtted LatRosTrans ja Ventspils nafta Lätis, Pakterminal, Onako Eesti ja Transiidikeskus Eestis ning Mazeikiu nafta Leedus. Vene naftafirmade LUKoil, Jukos ja TNK osalused Baltimaade naftaäris. Venemaa naftajuhtme süsteemide projektid

  5. An ecological approach to evaluating a system of care program: dollars making sense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Denise M; Twill, Sarah E; Nackerud, Larry; Holosko, Michael

    2014-01-01

    System of care (SOC) models in North America were developed in response to the needs of children with a severe emotional disturbance. Such children experience problems across life spheres including issues at home that put them at risk of abuse and neglect, difficulties at school including special education classification and dropping-out, and involvement with the juvenile courts. SOC evaluations and research suggests that an overreliance of evaluative research efforts on standardized scales and preconceived measurable outcomes have resulted in a loss of other important data. This study's confirmatory and holistic approach to evaluation illuminates important information concerning commonly ignored variables when using traditional evaluation models. The evaluative research study described focuses on three often overlooked behavioral variables in one SOC initiative, KidsNet Georgia, of Rockdale County, GA. These variables are: (a) using cohort analysis over time; (b) costing out services utilized; and (c) focusing on behavioral indicators and chance over time. The evaluative strategy, data collection, data, and cost analysis are discussed along with implications for practice with severe emotional disturbance youth and their families.

  6. Innovations in Teaching Race and Class Inequality: "Bittersweet Candy" and "The Vanishing Dollar"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlow, Roxanna

    2009-01-01

    Instructors teaching students about social inequality, especially sexism and racism, often face some degree of student resistance. Opposition is particularly strong when students are from a white, middle to upper class background. As Haddad and Lieberman (2002) remark, "Students from privileged backgrounds lack personal experience with structures…

  7. The Impact of Macroeconomic News on the Euro-Dollar Exchange Rate

    OpenAIRE

    Caruso, Alberto

    2016-01-01

    This paper studies the effect of macroeconomic "news" (market now-cast errors related to the flow of data releases on macroeconomic fundamentals) on the daily USD/EUR exchange rate. I consider a large number of real-time macroeconomic announcements from both the US and the euro-zone, and the related market expectations as reported by Bloomberg. For the euro-zone I also study country level announcements for the four biggest economies (Germany, France, Italy, Spain). The results for the whole s...

  8. Blood, donors and dollars: Rethinking financial sustainability of safe blood services in Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kahabi Ganka Isangula

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Collection, processing and distribution of safe blood in Tanzania occurs within a free-for-service context, that is, a collection from non-remunerated blood donors and distributing freely to the needy people through health facilities. The safe blood services in the country appear to be crippled with many challenges and cannot meet the demand for blood and its products. As such, a need for rethinking collection methods, financial models and possible mechanisms for donor remuneration is evident. Methods In this paper, we venture on multi-stakeholder meetings and ongoing discussions regarding the internal mechanisms of safe blood transfusion financing. The intent is to offer a perspective on the considerations for self- sustaining safe blood services in the country and the extent to which they may be implemented or not. Results We suggest that despite huge demand, the external donor dependent financing mechanisms for safe blood services in the country are ineffective. Therefore, we discuss two potential ‘internal’ financing mechanisms that have been identified in recent shareholders forums 1 introducing a blood processing fee accompanied by policy change to allow direct charging of either recipients or hospitals or 2 influencing the introduction of ‘blood services’ within the current insurance schemes. Conclusion We conclude that there is a need for constructing alternative financial mechanisms to sustain the demand of safe blood in the country. We discuss two cost recovery mechanisms, blood processing fee and insurance schemes; however, warning is noted that their implementation warrants structural adjustments, massive community sensitization and optimum stakeholder engagement to maximize acceptability within the country.

  9. 76 FR 71271 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Fresh Market Tomato (Dollar Plan) Crop Provisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-17

    ... to add ``strawberries'' in section 9(b)(3) to the list of crops that require soil fumigation before planting fresh market tomatoes. Strawberries are susceptible to nematode damage and pose the same risk of... sections 9(b)(1) and (2)), peppers, eggplants, strawberries or tobacco have been grown and the soil was not...

  10. GENDERED DOLLARS: Pin Money, Mad Money, and Changing Notions of a Woman’s Proper Place

    OpenAIRE

    Janice Traflet

    2008-01-01

    This essay examines the evolution in the meaning and usage of two types of special currencies: pin money and mad money. At the start of the twentieth century, both currencies were considered a woman’s money. By the end of the century, however, both pin money and mad money had lost a large measure of their original gendered connotations. By situating the evolving meanings of these currencies alongside concepts of domesticity, virtuous womanhood, and a woman’s proper place, this essay strives t...

  11. The Yuan vs. the Dollar: China and the United States are Already in a Hot War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-19

    HotWar is named as such because it is a money-centric conflict where speculative money (Le., "Hof’ money in FOREX )reigns as an instrument of economic and...exchange ( FOREX ) market. Here, the USD valiantly attempts to defend its reserved position in the world, while it is dragged into collisions with the...the two nations; rather, the value ofthese two currencies, which perennially draw speculative (i.e., "hot") money in the FOREX markets, is the

  12. The Yuan vs. the Dollar: China and the United States are Already in a "Hot" War

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Daly, William R

    2005-01-01

    ...., "Hot" money in FOREX) reigns as an instrument of economic and financial power. Ironically, just as the Cold War symbolically ended with the fall of the Berlin Wall, this Hot War began with another fall...

  13. Norplant debate: dollars v. sense. Is Norplant discount in U.S. too little, too late?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    At a Congressional hearing of the pricing strategy for Norplant, and after several family planning specialists testified that Norplant's cost ($365) makes it inaccessible to many US women, Wyeth-Ayerst announced that, in 2 years, it would provide Norplant to public sector family planning clinics at a discount price. Just 1.4% of clients at Planned Parenthood clinics choose Norplant, because it is too costly. While Title X clinic officials are pleased with this announcement, many family planning providers wonder what the manufacturer's motives are. The president of the National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association believes that the announcement is a press ploy. The Wyeth spokesperson said the original licensing agreement with the Population Council allowed a public sector price 5 years after Norplant's introduction in the US market. The 5-year delay was intended to build private sector support and to allow Wyeth to recover its marketing and training expenses. Wyeth also wanted Norplant to become a mainstream contraceptive, so it became concerned about the private sector. Yet, the law requires a 15% rebate for qualified public health clinics now. Few family planners expressed praise for Wyeth, since it revealed no details on the public sector price. Further, health care reform may alter drug pricing before the 2-year period. In early 1994, Wyeth's exclusive patent on Norplant and on levonorgestrel expires, allowing other companies to enter the implant market. Yet, other companies need at least 1 year to negotiate with the US Food and Drug Administration for approval, thereby allowing Wyeth a window to dominate the market. Thus, by the time the 2 years is up, the discount will have no meaning. Family planners have criticized Wyeth for not offering a public sector discount for a long time, especially since public funds contributed to Norplant's development. Wyeth's only contribution was levonorgestrel. It allowed the Population Council to use levonorgestrel in exchange for the right to market Norplant in the US and Canada.

  14. The economic consequences of malnutrition in Cambodia, more than 400 million US dollar lost annually.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagriansky, Jack; Champa, Ngy; Pak, Kimchoeun; Whitney, Sophie; Laillou, Arnaud

    2014-01-01

    Cambodia is among the 28 worst countries globally with the highest rates of childhood malnutrition. The aim of the assessment was to apply published evidence associating malnutrition and a variety of functional consequences to project economic implications of this high rate of childhood malnutrition. Such information is vital to advocate for appropriate programs and action plan to reduce malnutrition (from severe stunting to micronutrient deficiencies). This exercise used a "consequence model" to apply these "coefficients of loss" established in the global scientific literature to Cambodia health, demographic and economic data to develop a national estimation of the economic losses link to malnutrition. The impact of the indicators of malnutrition analysed represent a burden to the national economy of Cambodia estimated at more than $400 million annually -2.5% of GDP. Micronutrient deficiencies suggest deficits in the quality of the diet - representing a national burden of more than $200 million annually while breastfeeding behaviours account for 6% of the burden. 57% of the losses emerge from indicators measured in children, while 43% of losses are from indicators independent of childhood measurements - indicators of maternal behaviour along with maternal and adult nutrition. Given the low cost of interventions and the high baseline losses, investment in nutrition programs in Cambodia is likely to offer high returns and attractive benefit cost ratios. Since nearly half the losses are determined prior to the birth of the child, this has implications for targeting and timing of programs.

  15. Saving billions of dollars--and physicians' time--by streamlining billing practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchfield, Bonnie B; Heffernan, James L; Osgood, Bradford; Sheehan, Rosemary R; Meyer, Gregg S

    2010-06-01

    The U.S. system of billing third parties for health care services is complex, expensive, and inefficient. Physicians end up using nearly 12 percent of their net patient service revenue to cover the costs of excessive administrative complexity. A single transparent set of payment rules for multiple payers, a single claim form, and standard rules of submission, among other innovations, would reduce the burden on the billing offices of physician organizations. On a national scale, our hypothetical modeling of these changes would translate into $7 billion of savings annually for physician and clinical services. Four hours of professional time per physician and five hours of practice support staff time could be saved each week.

  16. When Dollars Follow Students: The Political Viability, Equity and Workability of Weighted Funding Formulas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deroche, Timothy R.; Cooper, Bruce S.; Ouchi, William G.

    2004-01-01

    For more than a decade, education reformers have admired the achievements of the Edmonton Public Schools in Canada, and school districts across the United States have attempted to replicate Edmonton's success with school-site decision making. However, most districts have stopped short of implementing one policy that is central to Edmonton's…

  17. Restoring the Balance: Dollars, Values, and the Future of College Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Almost 20 years ago, the Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics released a landmark report about major college athletics. It criticized low athlete-graduation rates, questionable academic standards, and the increasing tendency of athletics programs to operate independently of university oversight. The trustees of the Knight Foundation…

  18. Alphabetic List of All DoD Prime Contractors (No Dollars), FY83.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    RENOVATIONS COMMUNICATIONS APPLIED TECHNOLOGY COMPANIA TELEFONICA NACIONAL DE ES COMMERCIAL RENOVATIONS OF VA INC COMMUNICATIONS CORP OF AMERICA...CONSTRUCTION CO INC M F P ENTERPRISES INC M L ENERGIA INC M B R ASSOCIATES INC M F SERVICES INC M M L COMPUTERS INC M B T B ARCHITECTS & ENGINEERS INC M F...PIZZAGALLI CONSTRUCTION CO INC PINSON A-SOCIATES INC PIPELINE RENOVATION SERVICE INC PIZZOLI SPA PINTURAS ABREGO S A PIPELINE UTILITY CONSTRUCTION CO PLACE

  19. Predator-induced larval cloning in the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus: might mothers matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughn, Dawn

    2009-10-01

    Predator-induced cloning in echinoid larvae, with reduced size a consequence of cloning, is a dramatic modification of development and a novel response to risks associated with prolonged planktonic development. Recent laboratory studies demonstrate that exposure to stimuli from predators (i.e., fish mucus) induces cloning in the pluteus larvae (plutei) of Dendraster excentricus. However, the timing and incidence of cloning and size reduction of unrelated conspecific plutei differed across experiments. A variable cloning response suggests the effects of such factors as cue quality, egg provisioning, maternal experience, and genetic background, indicating that the potential advantages of cloning as an adaptive response to predators are not available to all larvae. This study tested the hypothesis that cloning in D. excentricus plutei is maternally influenced. Plutei from three half-sibling larval families (different mothers, same father) were exposed to fish mucus for 9 days during early development. Cloning was inferred in a percentage of plutei from each family; however, the rate and success of cloning differed significantly among the larval half-siblings. Unexpectedly, all mucus-treated plutei were smaller and developmentally delayed when compared to all plutei reared in the absence of a mucus stimulus. Thus, while the results from this study support the hypothesis of an influence of mothers on cloning of larval offspring, reduced larval size was a uniform response to fish mucus and did not indicate an effect of mothers. Hypotheses of the developmental effects of fish mucus on larval size with or without successful cloning are discussed.

  20. 100 Companies Receiving the Largest Dollar Volume of Prime Contract Awards: Fiscal Year 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    CORPORATION 54 CHEVRON CORPORATION 71 MIP INSTANDSETZUNGSBETRIC 70 CHRYSLER CORPORATION 48 MITRE CORPORATION 69 COASTAL CORPORATION THE 57 MOBIL ...10,171 U S SPRINT COMMUNICATIOJS CO 1,710 TOTAL 422,544 0.30 54.88 39 DYNCORP 386,688 C F E SERVICES INC 386 DYN LOGISTICS SERVICES INC 927 DYNAIR...SERVICE CORP 1,936 DYNASPAN SERVICES COMPANY 16,668 HELl DYNE SYSTEMS INC 966 PAC ORD 3,587 SEA MOBILITY INC 10.282 TOTAL 421,440 0.30 55.19 40

  1. Regional Super ESPC Saves Energy and Dollars at NASA's Johnson Space Center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Federal Energy Management Program

    2001-01-01

    This case study about energy saving performance contacts (ESPCs) presents an overview of how the NASA's Johnson Space Flight Center established an ESPC contract and the benefits derived from it. The Federal Energy Management Program instituted these special contracts to help federal agencies finance energy-saving projects at their facilities

  2. Maximizing Federal IT Dollars: A Connection Between IT Investments and Organizational Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    Theory for investments, where diversification of financial assets (stocks, bonds, and cash) is balanced by expected returns and risk (Markowitz, 1952...Stakeholder satisfaction (stakeholder may not pay proportionally for service) Stakeholders Stockholders , owners, market Taxpayers; legislative...Adviser for Off-Campus Programs in the Department of Engineering Manage- ment and Systems Engineering. His current research interests include stochastic

  3. Converging on Choice: The Interstate Flow of Foundation Dollars to Charter School Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrare, Joseph J.; Setari, R. Renee

    2018-01-01

    A growing body of research has been documenting the pivotal role that philanthropic funding plays in advancing state and local charter school reform. However, there is little understanding of the geographic flow of these funding patterns and the market, policy, and organizational conditions that have concentrated funding in some clusters of states…

  4. Data Bank 1B - Ticket Dollar Value Origin and Destination - Public Version : first quarter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    This CD presents the same data as Data Bank 1B and also includes dual codes for the operating and ticketed carrier and incorporates data as reported each quarter by participating air carriers from the continuous 10% sample of airline tickets. It incl...

  5. Data Bank 1B - Ticket Dollar Value Origin and Destination - Public Version : third quarter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    This CD presents the same data as Data Bank 1B and also includes dual codes for the operating and ticketed carrier and incorporates data as reported each quarter by participating air carriers from the continuous 10% sample of airline tickets. It incl...

  6. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Part 5 (1005-4810)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    L - U . > . > - > L U - > -L - <~~~~ a a L<>>> ><x< <xX< CL~~~~ a . a 0 <<< < 0 w0 0 w = Oi ( >4 -4 .1- zaw 4) - 4 0 0 .4 c0 0a Uo aa-a 4 w cc aw Co a...2)-) 1- m 0 tun t" 0 . w - 0 LU 14 r L U ) 0 D ) 1~ 0. )- 4 -14 Z 14 4 > 0 a o4 5l -c w4 w4 w ~ 00) m) -4 0 C, on N 0 O N40 0 N Nl co " -4 4 m~ sLn 00...II 0 I 4W 4W W -.4 -.4 0 .4 L 4 0 1- I ) -4- C)I I a - W go~~ I W >- ᝾ _j 1: tun I ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 I -)r c0 - 0 - (0 D ONt -4 0 m) 0 0 C0

  7. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Part 7 (6650-9999)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    WI WI Cw-E I 1 W ~ 1 IV) 0 - 4 1 - U 4 1 -4 L 1 . . . .4 L tun W-1 1 .4 C 0 4 1 I- *4 C 0) - 0 0 0 C 0 1 1-1 1C 1 - 1 4 1) 0 I-.4 f C ~ 4~. a (𔃾 I I...wA 01w1w Ij TL Ia cc 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 000 CL 0 0 0 0 0 (A 1- 0 L0 0- a - " C i C w 0) CA Za- CL. a > (n.> z->) > wa w w zA Zaw 0 -J 2 Zi 0 " x00 0 Z 1...82174𔃺 0 mI D’ 2 C 0 <I I 0C 0 aU C 4~ ~ X% x- 0 x- C .I . .I . MI 4 .0E 01 . . 0 m IlIE 1 .4 𔃾𔃾 0 - C E - 1’ . U - . tun MO) 0 - 11 - 0 1244-0> 0 U C

  8. Defense Acquisitions: How and Where DOD Spends and Reports Its Contracting Dollars

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-20

    areas of science and technology, such as mechanical engineering and electrical engineering. 14 When taken as a whole, the R&D picture looks...Congressional Research Service 28 20 - Ship and Marine Equipment 22 - Railway Equipment 23 - Ground Vehicles, Motor Vehicles, Trailers, Cycles 24...Construction and Building Materials 58 - Communications, Detection and Coherent Radiation 59 - Electrical and Electronic Equipment Components 60

  9. The Fine Print: How Schools Can Get the Best Value for Their Printer Dollar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Careless, James

    2007-01-01

    Printers represent a big chunk of school districts' IT budgets. Unlike computers, however, most of the money schools spend on printers is not on the machines themselves but on keeping them serviced and filled with toner, drums, and paper. In this article, the author discusses five critical questions to ask before buying a printer.

  10. Beyond bankable dollars: establishing a business case for improving health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailit, Michael; Dyer, Mary Beth

    2004-09-01

    To address widespread deficiencies in the quality of health care, the authors argue that health care organizations need to be able to make a "business case" for improving quality--a compelling rationale for financial investment in quality improvement programs. The authors' framework for such a business case is organized around three broad areas: direct financial considerations, strategic considerations, and internal organizational considerations. Within these categories, they offer a total of 10 specific business case arguments, with examples, for investing in quality improvement.

  11. Estonia's defence dollars spent wisely? / Tony Lawrence, Kaarel Kaas ; interv. Joel Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lawrence, Tony

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise Kaitseuuringute Keskuse teadurid Tony Lawrence ja Kaarel Kaas kommenteerivad Eestis Suurbritannia kaitseatasheena töötanud kolonelleitnant Glen Granti kriitikat kaitsejõudude efektiivsuse osas, Eesti kaitsepoliitikat, küberrünnakut Eestile, kahe Eesti rahukaitseväelase surma missioonil Afganistanis ning üldsuse suhtumist Eesti osalemisele rahvusvahelistel missioonidel. Lisa: Tony Lawrence; Kaarel Kaas

  12. For a dollar, would you. . .? How (we think) money affects compliance with our requests

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bohns, Vanessa K.; Newark, D. A.; Xu, Amy Z.

    2016-01-01

    Research has shown a robust tendency for people to underestimate their ability to get others to comply with their requests. In five studies, we demonstrate that this underestimation-of-compliance effect is reduced when requesters offer money in exchange for compliance. In Studies 1 and 2, partici...

  13. Scholars and Dollars: Politics, Economics, and the Universities of Ontario, 1945-1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Axelrod, Paul

    The impact of economic changes on Canadian universities in Ontario since World War II is explored, with focus on how universities were perceived by the public, why they were supported during the period of expansion, how they set out to fulfill their prescribed functions, and how they were affected by the diminished opportunities and cooler…

  14. Color green for dollars: constraints and limitations for establising Chamaedorea palm firms in Veracruz, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Musalem Castillejos, N.

    2014-01-01

    Interest in Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) has grown with increasing awareness of tropical forest deforestation and amplified recognition for the need to add value to forest resources. However, NTFPs continue to be regarded by many as marginal goods incapable of competing with timber as a viable

  15. ANALISIS FLUKTUASI DOLLAR AMERIKA SERIKAT TERHADAP RUPIAH DI SAAT DAN SETELAH KRISIS SUBPRIME MORTGAGE 2007 - 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustiyan Taufik Mahardika

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In a floating system, exchange rates fluctuate due to macroeconomic conditions that occur. Due to the uncertainty caused by economic shocks or financial crises such as subprime mortgage crisis, fluctuation analysis can be used to minimize the risks that arise in business that involve exchange rates such as export/import or hedge funds. This study aims to analyze the fluctuations in the exchange rate during and after the subprime mortgage crisis 2007 – 2013 in order to give a better understanding on the dynamics of the exchange rate. By analyzing the dynamics, individuals or companies that make the currency as a component in its business can then decide the right policy to implement. Analyses were performed using an error correction model (ECM for nominal (NER and real exchange rate (RER. The variables that are proven significant for NER are money supply (JUB, current account (CAB, economic growth (EGROW, and the nominal central bank rate (NBIRATE. The dummy crisis variable did not have a significant effect on the NER, while the CAB affect NER in the short run only, and EGROW affect NER in the long run only.DOI: 10.15408/sjie.v3i2.2060

  16. Dollar$ & $en$e. Part IV: Measuring the value of people, structural, and customer capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, I

    2001-01-01

    In Part I of this series, I introduced the concept of memes (1). Memes are ideas or concepts, the information world equivalent of genes. The goal of this series of articles is to infect you with my memes, so that you will assimilate, translate, and express them. We discovered that no matter what our area of expertise or "-ology," we all are in the information business. Our goal is to be in the wisdom business. We saw that when we convert raw data into wisdom we are moving along a value chain. Each step in the chain adds a different amount of value to the final product: timely, relevant, accurate, and precise knowledge which can then be applied to create the ultimate product in the value chain: wisdom. In Part II of this series, I infected you with a set of memes for measuring the cost of adding value (2). In Part III of this series, I infected you with a new set of memes for measuring the added value of knowledge, i.e., intellectual capital (3). In Part IV of this series, I will infect you with memes for measuring the value of people, structural, and customer capital.

  17. Dollars to Discriminate: The (Un)Intended Consequences of School Vouchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckes, Suzanne E.; Mead, Julie; Ulm, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    Some private, religious schools that accept vouchers have been accused of discriminating against certain populations of students through their admissions processes. Discriminating against disfavored groups (e.g., racial minorities, LGBT students, students with disabilities, religious minorities) in voucher programs raises both legal and policy…

  18. Master plan envisions multi-billion-dollar expansion of Vietnam's electricity monopoly

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-12-01

    Massive investment in Vietnam's electricity monopoly by Western aid and export credit agencies form part of the ten-year master plan developed for Vietnam. Central planning and political patronage, instead of market assessments and customer choice form the basis for monopoly investments in a centralized grid linking big hydro, gas, coal, and nuclear power projects. Western aid agencies might effectively crowd out viable private-sector energy investments by financing power projects considered too large and risky by the private sector. These investments by Western aid agencies would assist in winning contracts for favoured exporters of engineering services and equipment. It would be a breeding ground for corruption in Vietnam if market discipline, public oversight, and enforceable property rights are not present in the face of power sector aid. There is a real possibility that damages to the environment could result from electricity investments, and some communities might be victimized, electricity costs might increase, the indebtedness level of the population might increase

  19. Insufficient dollars and qualified personnel to meet United States mental health needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weil, Thomas P

    2015-04-01

    The American populace currently supports the need for providing additional mental health services for adolescents who frequently express anger and mood instability and maybe are at risk for major psychiatric disorders and behavioral problems; Vietnam, Iraqi, and Afghanistan veterans or military personnel still on duty diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, or other similar combat-related disabilities; the approximately 1 million prisoners currently incarcerated primarily because of substance abuse and needing medically related rehabilitative services; and senior citizens who experience dementia and depression and require improved therapeutics. The problems outlined herein are as follows: far too limited monies are being spent for mental health services (5.6% of total US expenditures for health or roughly one fifth of what is consumed for hospital care); effective therapies are often lacking; and there is a shortage of qualified mental health personnel except in upscale urban and suburban areas. Unfortunately, these problems are so immense that, even with enhanced prioritization of our available resources, they are still not entirely solvable. The American public may continue to impart lip service when attempting to respond to our nation's mental health needs or may decide to spend vastly more money for such care. The latter choice may not be forthcoming in the near future for various cultural-societal-clinical-fiscal reasons.

  20. Dollars, Dependency, and Divorce: Four Perspectives on the Role of Wives Income

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Stacy J.

    2004-01-01

    This article delineates and assesses the evidence for four perspectives that have guided previous research on the relationship between wives economic resources and marital stability. Hypotheses from these perspectives were tested using event history methods and 1980-1997 panel data for 1,704 individuals from the Marital Instability Over the Life…

  1. Out-of-sample Forecasting Performance of Won/Dollar Exchange Rate Return Volatility Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hojin Lee

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available We compare the out-of-sample forecasting performance of volatility models using daily exchange rate for the KRW/USD during the period from 1992 to 2008. For various forecasting horizons, historical volatility models with a long memory tend to make more accurate forecasts. Especially, we carefully observe the difference between the EWMA and the GARCH(1,1 model. Our empirical finding that the GARCH model puts too much weight on recent observations relative to those in the past is consistent with prior evidence showing that asset market volatility has a long memory, such as Ding and Granger (1996. The forecasting model with the lowest MSFE and VaR forecast error among the models we consider is the EWMA model in which the forecast volatility for the coming period is a weighted average of recent squared return with exponentially declining weights. In terms of forecast accuracy, it clearly dominates the widely accepted GARCH and rolling window GARCH models. We also present a multiple comparison of the out-of-sample forecasting performance of volatility using the stationary bootstrap of Politis and Romano (1994. We find that the White's reality check for the GARCH(1,1 expanding window model and the FIGARCH(1,1 expanding window model clearly reject the null hypothesis and there exists a better model than the two benchmark models. On the other hand, when the EWMA model is the benchmark, the White's for all forecasting horizons are very high, which indicates the null hypothesis may not be rejected. The Hansen's report the same results. The GARCH(1,1 expanding window model and the FIGARCH(1,1 expanding window model are dominated by the best competing model in most of the forecasting horizons. In contrast, the RiskMetrics model seems to be the most preferred. We also consider combining the forecasts generated by averaging the six raw forecasts and a trimmed set of forecasts which calculate the mean of the four forecasts after disregarding the highest and lowest forecasts from the six models. This experiment confirms that the forecast combinations always outperform forecasts from a single model.

  2. Dollars for lives : the effect of highway capital investments on traffic fatalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    There is no research that links capital investments on highways with highway fatalities. Our research project aimed to fill : t : hat gap. We used state : - : level data from the 48 contiguous states of the U.S. from 1968 through 2010 to estimate the...

  3. For a fistful of dollars. Increasingly, solar plant operators are marketing their power directly, at the expense of the public; Fuer eine Handvoll Dollar. Immer mehr Anlagenbetreiber verkaufen ihren Solarstrom direct - auf Kosten der Allgemeinheit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Podewils, Christoph

    2012-04-15

    Since 1 January 2012, the German Renewables Act permits direct marketing of solar power. Some new organizations have been founded that provide better profits for plant owners than the former reimbursement rates. Plant owners are opting for direct marketing increasingly often, but it is only possible with power in the range of a few hundred kW.

  4. Billions of Dollars are Involved in Taxation of the Life Insurance Industry -- Some Corrections in the Law are Needed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-17

    CRVM Commissioners Reserve Valuation Method CSO Commissioners Standard Ordinary Mortality Table of 1941 DOC Department of Commerce GAAP Generally...earned, rents and royalties earned of a company less certain de- ductions (investment expenses, depreciation , real estate taxes and depletion) produces...less Investment Deductions Investment expenses Real estate expenses Depreciation Depletion Trade or business expenses related to the income from such

  5. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY83, Part 4 (AA92-N063).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    ARMY RDTE/MISCELLANEOUS HARD GOODS 2 MICRO CRAFT INC TENNESSEE NAVY ROTE/MISCELLANEOUS HARD GOODS 2 NASSI ENGINEERING CO CONN NAVY RDTE/MISCELLANEOUS...R+D DESCRIPTION ----------------------- ANg1 (CONFINUED) MICRO TEC SERVICE CO MARYLAND ARMY ROTE/OTHER MEDICAL s 44 MIDWEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE...JAPAN NAVY MAINT-REPAIR OF EO/SHIPS-SML CRAFT-DOCKS 130 TALLERES 8 SERVICIOS MECAMICOS SA SPAIN NAVY MAINT-REPAIR OF EQ/SHIPS-SML CRAFT-DOCKS 73

  6. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY84, Part 3 (4610-5925).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    TECHNOLOGY INC TEXAS USAF AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE & REPAIR SHOP EQUIP 454 MENSOR CORPORATION TEXAS NAVY AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE & REPAIR SHOP EQUIP 37 MICRO DYNAMICS...VAULT COMPANY INC CALIFORNIA DLA BUILDING GLASS TILE BRICK AND BLOCK 8 FSC TOTAL 1C.776 3530 OFFICINA DE SERVICIOS MULTIPLE HONDURAS ARMY PIPE AND...EXCEPT AIRBORNE 731 CONTRACTOR TOTAL 115 MICPO CONSULTANTS INC CALIFORNIA ARMY RADIO TV EQUIPMENT EXCEPT AIRBORNE 193 MICRO -TEL CORPORATION MARYLAND NAVY

  7. Saving lives or saving dollars: The Trump administration rescinds plans to require sleep apnea testing in commercial transportation operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quan SF

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. In another move favoring business interests and against the common good, the Trump administration’s Department of Transportation announced recently that they are rescinding plans to require testing for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA in train and commercial motor vehicle operators (1. As exemplified by its withdrawal from the Paris climate accords, this decision is another example of how the current administration disregards scientific findings and present-day events in establishing policy that will be detrimental to Americans. Let us step back for a moment and briefly review the evidence that the Trump administration has ignored. •\tIt is well established that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA can result in daytime sleepiness (2 and that sleepiness is detrimental to safe operation of a train or motor vehicle. •\tMany studies have established that persons with OSA have an increased risk of motor vehicle crashes (3. •\tStudies in commercial truck drivers have observed that this population has …

  8. Public Policies, Prices, and Productivity in American Higher Education. Stretching the Higher Education Dollar. Special Report 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauptman, Arthur M.

    2013-01-01

    Rapid increases in what colleges charge and what they spend per student have been and remain one of the most controversial aspects of American higher education. Tuition, fees, and other college charges have increased in both the public and private sectors at more than twice the rate of inflation for over a quarter century. Trends over time in what…

  9. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY84, Part 6 (7540-9999).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    NEW YORK ARMY BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS D TH 52 BELL HELICOPTER/TEXTRON TEXAS ARMY BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS I ’’ h:D e 8 2 BENDER MATTHEW & CO INC 0 IST...689 DE ROSS! & SON CO INC NEW JERSEY DLA OUTERWEAR WOMENS 37 EDMONDS & WILLIAMS MFG CO ALABAMA NAVY OUTERWEAR WOMENS 66 DLA OUTERWEAR WOMENS 52 STATE...CORP UN KINGDOM 0ILA FUEL OILS 14 001 CUMBERLAND OIL COMPAN. MAINE DLA FUEL OILS 203 CURTIS D C INC VIRGINIA OLA FUEL OILS 8,10 DAHLEN FARMERS ELEV N

  10. Decision-support framework for quantifying the most economical incentive/disincentive dollar amounts for critical highway pavement rehabilitation projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    One innovative way of reducing construction duration is to reward contractors with an early completion incentive : bonus and levy fines for delays. Although use of Incentive/Disincentive (I/D) is increasingly common, State : Transportation Agencies (...

  11. 77 FR 15052 - Dataset Workshop-U.S. Billion Dollar Disasters Dataset (1980-2011): Assessing Dataset Strengths...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    ..., located at 151 Patton Avenue, Asheville, North Carolina 28801. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Adam Smith...-4183, Email: Adam.Smith@noaa.gov ) For RSVP responses, use the email address noted above ( Karen.L...

  12. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, Place, and Contractor, FY83, Part 2 (Flint, Michigan - Wheatland, Wyoming).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    SALLY PA 460 460 BAKE 460 460 BETl BET UTfOTIVE SERVICE EGUIPMENT BANGOR PA 88 68 BRW 6 68 OURP ENG I ’PLICATIONS INC BEAVER PA 37 37 FOSI MICHAEL JR...28 EXECUTIVE AIR PIPER SALES INC GREEN SAY WISCONSIN 61 61 F0TH & VAN DYKE & ASSOCIATES INC GREEN SAY WISCONSIN 130 130 KRUEGER METAL PRODUCTS CO GREEN

  13. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, County, Contractor, and Place. Part 1 (American Samoa - Hawaii), FY1991

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    nA LL IL L 0"<L Ii 6 <Z4 44 44 I. 4.- 4t- W Q 444Ŕ x4 4 4 D- F6 (aIw -- O W J W oj "W M W o W Z ~ J < D_ W: 6-I 0.X 00"w LMoj 00 - 00 0 0 0 000 00...8217) 0 acca 4L In 0,O I (a 1CL I.- 00 I00 400 0 ma0 -A U (04z (no4- O(" 0 44t (<x--w a L a-z I> z---o 000 0)0 N Z O M " " -Jh c F.-< W< 000 0< Iw-Q-< w o

  14. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place. Part 3. (Ferrelli, Tony-Karl Arason)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    V)(0 r-0C -4- f6 04 -4 -4 r- - Nc’J(jC1 l I.- I i i -r I c a( cr I 1- I (’)C -MU 0 ~ (’ 00 m(0(00 0 0> 11-0i 1 .4 to 040 m go 0 a -4O 0)0 (1\\IN ) 0...00~-40 (0 0<I~~ : (0(0 00-%~ o* m o m ww rr 0 " " II- Q4 Of. w~ U1-U)4w 4 -4 0m -el4-4 - m R U)I 4-4 -I g t>1c 0) Acca ) 0) m (0(cE 0 IV( 0 a 0) Ol’ 1

  15. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY 87. Part 10. 5955-6650

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    0 9 LA- I 4 n * f6 IM Iý 4 m0 n -6 .4 M I4NO *0 0 C’ M VM0 tCJOP # 0 m v O a- 0 .4 -4 .4 -4 . -4 -4 .4 in 4 64 I -C6I *- 1 a 1- .0 6 1- V)f if. U...0H 0 xc w 0 W co <H Q4 Q- 0 C) 1 0 WU 0 1 H W IL < H w) Wj <) 4 1.- 0 H acca ~ cc xa 4 H H c .4 4)I c 0 I-H na zc cc 1- 40 m-c c IQ01 Z ZH 0 O w 0- a

  16. The Effect of Farmers' Decisions on Pest Control with Bt Crops: A Billion Dollar Game of Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milne, Alice E; Bell, James R; Hutchison, William D; van den Bosch, Frank; Mitchell, Paul D; Crowder, David; Parnell, Stephen; Whitmore, Andrew P

    2015-12-01

    A farmer's decision on whether to control a pest is usually based on the perceived threat of the pest locally and the guidance of commercial advisors. Therefore, farmers in a region are often influenced by similar circumstances, and this can create a coordinated response for pest control that is effective at a landscape scale. This coordinated response is not intentional, but is an emergent property of the system. We propose a framework for understanding the intrinsic feedback mechanisms between the actions of humans and the dynamics of pest populations and demonstrate this framework using the European corn borer, a serious pest in maize crops. We link a model of the European corn borer and a parasite in a landscape with a model that simulates the decisions of individual farmers on what type of maize to grow. Farmers chose whether to grow Bt-maize, which is toxic to the corn borer, or conventional maize for which the seed is cheaper. The problem is akin to the snow-drift problem in game theory; that is to say, if enough farmers choose to grow Bt maize then because the pest is suppressed an individual may benefit from growing conventional maize. We show that the communication network between farmers' and their perceptions of profit and loss affects landscape scale patterns in pest dynamics. We found that although adoption of Bt maize often brings increased financial returns, these rewards oscillate in response to the prevalence of pests.

  17. Association between store food environment and customer purchases in small grocery stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspi, Caitlin E; Lenk, Kathleen; Pelletier, Jennifer E; Barnes, Timothy L; Harnack, Lisa; Erickson, Darin J; Laska, Melissa N

    2017-06-05

    Purchases at small/non-traditional food stores tend to have poor nutritional quality, and have been associated with poor health outcomes, including increased obesity risk The purpose of this study was to examine whether customers who shop at small/non-traditional food stores with more health promoting features make healthier purchases. In a cross-sectional design, data collectors assessed store features in a sample of 99 small and non-traditional food stores not participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN in 2014. Customer intercept interviews (n = 594) collected purchase data from a bag check and demographics from a survey. Store measures included fruit/vegetable and whole grain availability, an overall Healthy Food Supply Score (HFSS), healthy food advertisements and in-store placement, and shelf space of key items. Customer nutritional measures were analyzed using Nutrient Databases System for Research (NDSR), and included the purchase of ≥1 serving of fruits/vegetables; ≥1 serving of whole grains; and overall Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score for foods/beverages purchased. Associations between store and customer measures were estimated in multilevel linear and logistic regression models, controlling for customer characteristics and store type. Few customers purchased fruits and vegetables (8%) or whole grains (8%). In fully adjusted models, purchase HEI-2010 scores were associated with fruit/vegetable shelf space (p = 0.002) and the ratio of shelf space devoted to healthy vs. less healthy items (p = 0.0002). Offering ≥14 varieties of fruit/vegetables was associated with produce purchases (OR 3.9, 95% CI 1.2-12.3), as was having produce visible from the store entrance (OR 2.3 95% CI 1.0 to 5.8), but whole grain availability measures were not associated with whole grain purchases. Strategies addressing both customer demand and the availability of healthy food may be necessary to improve customer purchases. ClinialTrials.gov: NCT02774330 . Registered May 4, 2016 (retrospectively registered).

  18. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY 85. Part 7 (3020-5815).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    a- 0 0f a- a a-4 4 a . 4 CL~ a > I4> > 4 >> >1 0 x>141 0~ w aw o ~ ~~ acca 0 . a~~ a- 1 - > W. n a U CA C. a- baaa - 0 C 4.- 0 -C ma E z 0 a~a ~ U...A441w- al-a .1 0 09 w u u 0 >- O- 1) 0 ~ U4) a- CK I= 0 1- "a z. ~ . a ) U a c z 0 4 al- w’ 0a F5 .4 z U *4 b. < 1-- 0. f 40 ’ 1--: a m u IL. z ai < 4

  19. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY84, Part 2 (2620-4540).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    8217( ’ I, lNC wyICONSIN OCE CHAIN AND WIRE ROPE 20 O ,(f-AI l (NC EQ C) MASS OCE CHA Ir’ AND WIRE ROPE 46 -<R 󈧯 P FOP Co FtA GEORGIA NAVY CHAIN AND WIRE...SAFETY AND RESCUE EQUIPMENT HAPPY PENGUIN INC N CAROLINA ARMY SAFETY AND RESCUE EQUIPMENT 21 STOS DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PAGE 577 PRIME CONTRACTS OVER

  20. A million dollar exit from the anarchic slum-world: Slumdog Millionaire's hollow idioms of social justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sengupta, Mitu

    2010-01-01

    This article contests the characterisation of the popular and acclaimed film, Slumdog Millionaire, as a realistic portrayal of India's urban poverty that will ultimately serve as a tool of advocacy for India's urban poor. It argues that the film's reductive view of slum-spaces will more probably reinforce negative attitudes towards slum-dwellers, lending credibility to the sorts of policies that have historically dispossessed them of power and dignity. By drawing attention to the film's celebration of characters and spaces that symbolise Western culture and Northern trajectories of 'development', the article also critically engages with some of the issues raised by the film's enormous success.

  1. If I Had a Hammer (and Several Million Dollars): The Saga of the AIHEC Cultural Learning Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edinger, Anne; Ambler, Marjane

    2002-01-01

    Presents an interview with Gail Bruce and Anne Ediger, who, in the early 1990s, conceived the idea of building cultural centers on 30 tribal college campuses. States that they imagined the centers would simply serve as repositories for Indian artifacts; however, after years of fund-raising efforts and program obstacles, the buildings transformed…

  2. 78 FR 12089 - Revision of Certain Dollar Amounts in the Bankruptcy Code Prescribed Under Section 104(a) of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ... United States Courts, Washington, DC 20544, telephone (202) 502-1900, or by email at Bankruptcy_Judges... business debtor. time it appears). time it appears). Section 109(e)--allowable debt $360,475 (each $383,175...

  3. O dólar e os desequilíbrios globais The dollar and the global disequilibria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Gonzaga Belluzzo

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The global expansion of capitalism under American hegemony in the second half of the 20th century has changed the international division of labor and center-periphery scheme proposed under British hegemony. Under the new international division of labor, the United States is forced to generate an ever growing deficit in their trade account in order to accommodate the "mercantilist' expansion of Asian countries, produced by the trans-nationalization of big capital, under American aegis. This form of global economic articulation is at the root of the rupture of the Bretton Woods system and the growing financial liberalization imposed by the hegemonic power over other countries since the 80s.

  4. 13 CFR 124.506 - At what dollar threshold must an 8(a) procurement be competed among eligible Participants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...-owned or ANC-owned concern. (3) For all types of contracts, the applicable competitive threshold amounts...(a) contract to a Participant concern owned and controlled by an Indian tribe or an ANC where the...-owned or ANC-owned concern, but a procurement may not be removed from competition to award it to a...

  5. For a few dollars more: Public trust and the case for transporting nuclear waste in dedicated trains

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glickman, T.S.; Golding, D.

    1991-01-01

    The debate about the use of dedicated trains for shipping spent fuel and high-level nuclear waste has been going on for the past l5 years. The nuclear industry and its regulatory agencies would like to consider the case closed. The recent passage of the Hazardous Materials Transportation Uniform Act of 1990, however, opens the door once more, giving the railroads and other proponents of dedicated trains another chance to present their case. This paper argues that earlier conclusions favoring regular trains over dedicated trains were based on incomplete cost and risk information and neglected other factors which are not technical, but social and institutional in nature. The paper finds that the additional cost of a dedicated system is lower than previously thought and concludes that it is a small price to pay for reduced public opposition and increased levels of trust

  6. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY83, Part 3 (7025-9999).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    NEW YORK ARMY KITCHEN HAND TOOLS AND UTENSILS 45 FSC TOTAL 235 7340 GEORGIA FACTORY FOR THE BLIND GEORGIA DLA CUTLERY AND FLATWARE 743 NATIONAL...INDUSTRIES FOR THE BLIND NEW JERSEY DLA CUTLERY AND FLATWARE 97 REEM 4 BARTON CORP MASS NAVY CUTLERY AND FLATWARE 52 FSC TOTAL- 892 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE...69,060 8945 ANDERSON CLAYTON & CO ILLINOIS DLA FOOD OILS AND FATS 387 TEXAS DLA FOOD OILS AND FATS 27 CONTRACTOR TOTAL 414 BUNGE EDIBLE OIL TENNESSEE DLA

  7. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY83, Part 5 (N065-W059).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    ENGINEERING TYPE SERVICE 61 CONSTRUCTIONEERING NORTHWEST INC WASHINGTON ARMY OTHER ARCHITECTS & ENGINEERING - GENERAL 25 COOKE DOUGLASS FARR LTD MISS NAVY...CONTRACT SVC CALIFORNIA NAVY OTHER MANAGEMENT SERVICES 857 SOCIAL & SCIENTIFIC SYSTEMS INC DC ARMY OTHER MANAGEMENT SERVICES 27. 7 SOFTECH INC OHIO

  8. Volatility Transmission between Renminbi and Asia-Pacific on-shore and off-shore U.S. dollar futures

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Funke; Roberta Colavecchio

    2008-01-01

    This paper uses multivariate GARCH techniques to study volatility spillovers between the Chinese non-deliverable forward market and seven of its Asia-Pacific counterparts over the period January 1998 to March 2005. To account for the time-variability of conditional correlation, a dynamic correlation structure is included in the volatility model specification. The empirical results demonstrate that the renminbi non-deliverable forward (NDF) has been a driver of various Asian currency markets b...

  9. SLJ's Spending Survey: As the Economy Limps along and Federal Dollars Dwindle, School Librarians Are Turning into Resourceful Survivors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmer, Lesley

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the results of the latest "SLJ" survey of school expenditures and collections for 2009-2010. The survey reveals that librarians have used a variety of coping techniques to weather this economic storm, whether it is servicing more than one school, using additional volunteers, taking on more tasks, or seeking outside funding.…

  10. Recommended Dollar Reductions to DoD’s Fiscal Year 1984 Ammunition Procurement and Production Base Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-28

    No comment . Inventory will exceed requirements for blank NATO round. (See p. 10.) Inventory will exceed requirements for match round. (See p. 11.) No comment . Premature procurement. (See p. 17.) Inventory will exceed requirements for three types of rounds. (See p. 11.) Inventory will exceed requirements for both rounds. (See p. 13.) No comment . Inventory will exceed requirements for TP-T round. (See p. 13.) No comment . No comment . 38

  11. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, Place, and Contractor, FY83, Part 1 (Adamsville, Alabama - Ferndale, Michigan).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    PARKIN LOT MAINTENANCE YUIA ARIZONA 82 82 ZILLOENS HEIAN ASSOCIATES YUMA ARIZONA 272 272 20,462 13,094 6,681 60 627 1,359,748 428,327 353,827 545,807...INC MORGANZA LOUISIANA 335 335 1,715 29 1,686 RAYS CONSTRUCTION CO NAIRN LOUISIANA 400 400 400 400 MARY LOU FASHIONS NATCHITOCHES LOUISIANA 193 193 193

  12. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY 85. Part 10 (7035-9150).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    a a acca ala a an 1 am W n U A ( n U maA U n ( ) C U ) ( ) V )( 0ma, a 0 C Dc ( p0 . ma a D ( D C D 0 c 9 c 9 C 9 0 C amaw w w w w iu jw w L w u L L...0 o 40 N . ) V s N P N 00 Go (a in -W P7 r- 0 nN cl -. r -W (0 .4 (0 m7 cm I at .46 al) .v 4 CNI (1) to mn (7 v -(N (14 r in 00 N C4 7 r ( I .4 4 a a

  13. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Part 2 (B502-J066)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    U 0 V ) V ( w~~~~ ae a11 - 4 W 4 0~~~~ a a4 " A 0 1> z~~~~ a. a0 4 0 4 1 4 ,0 4 - 4a%- %. 0 4a4 t4 i acca Lu awHIu 0a 0 0 0 Iw awa In InI I IK t0 n 4...6. 1 4. P7 4 % -. I-J x >- .4.-H %- t- 10 *- C 4 c 6. 01 C 4 .4 &i >, L. *.4 9U 10 0. l4. .- H C 0 3’ 0 c .4 X -4.4 ); Al 31 1. 0. 40V-4 3. Il- I... acca o - z ow zi1- crw z aa 0 0 w w-U 1-00 0 .Z 0 0 <~ ~0 0 : ac 0 ow 0w xD 0 0 1-w 0. < z :I- 0~ OcOZ0 0- H z< U n Z>- ao1 w 0 WI H Z 0 0 0 00-0 al

  14. Adding value while saving dollars: unleashing the potential of a national, integrated approach to home and community care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petch, Teresa; Shamian, Judith

    2009-01-01

    This commentary by Victorian Order of Nurses Canada, written in response to "Getting What We Pay For? The Value-for-Money Challenge," by McGrail, Zierler and Ip, answers four key questions about Canada's home and community care sector: (1) What are our objectives? (2) Where do we achieve good value now? (3) Where and why are we failing? and (4) What will help us do better? We conclude that although the home and community care sector offers great promise in meeting the evolving health and social needs of Canadians, it is not living up to its potential. We propose the development of a national, integrated approach to home and community care to help Canadians remain healthy and independent in their homes. This would represent a wise financial investment for governments and would contribute to the long-term health of Canadians.

  15. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY84, Part 5 (6630-7530).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    08 DU PONT El DE NEMOURS AND CO NEW JERSEY ARMY GASES COMPRESSED AND LIQUEFIED 31 USAF GASES COMPRESSED AND LIQUEFIED 25 STATE TOTAL 56 FOREX CHEMICAL... FOREX CHEMICAL CORP NEW JERSEY DLA MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAL SPECIALTIES 11l OASTON POWER TOOLS ARKANSAS DLA MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAL SPECIALTIES 432

  16. Innovation in Photovoltaic Science, Engineering, and Policy: A Potential Trillion-Dollar Global Industry for Sustainable Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Cheng

    The solar photovoltaic (PV) technology was an expensive niche energy source only for satellite applications, hallmarked by the Bell Lab's launch of the Telstar satellite with PV cells in 1962. Over the past decades, the accumulation of vast amount of effort across various disciplines in science, engineering, and policy has enabled the phenomenal growth of the solar PV industry into a global enterprise with about 140 gigawatt (GW) of cumulative installations by the end of 2013. Further cost reduction through innovation holds the promise in deploying terawatt (TW)-scale solar PV systems globally in both developed and developing countries, meeting growing energy demand and mitigating climate change. Chapter 1 presents a big picture view of the unsustainable path, heavily relying on fossil fuels, in the current global energy landscape. The main body of the dissertation examines the solar PV technology from a holistic and interdisciplinary perspective: from the basic research, to innovations in manufacturing and installing PV modules, to the driving energy policies. Chapter 2 offers a fundamental understanding of the PV technology and a review on recent scientific advances in improving PV efficiency (W/m 2). Chapter 3 reviews the state-of-the-art process flow in manufacturing commercial PV modules. In the context of pursuing further reduction in manufacturing cost (/m2), the thin Si film concept and its recent research effort are reviewed. Aiming to explore novel ways to produce high-quality seed crystals for thin Si film deposition, the key findings of the laser crystallization experiment is presented in Chapter 4. The fundamental thermophysics of nucleation and crystal growth is first reviewed, which highlights the importance of temperature evolution and heat transport in modelling the ultrafast laser crystallization process. Laser crystallization of a range of Si nanostructures are then carried out to study the nucleation and crystal growth behavior under some novel conditions, such as suspended narrow Si membranes and Si nanoparticles confined on top of oxide nanostructures. The cost of a PV module (/W) is determined by both its rated efficiency (W/m2) and its manufacturing cost (/m2). However, the same PV module with the same cost can lead to significantly different levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) in /kWh, depending on the location and configuration of the installed PV system. Chapter 5 starts with an overview of the geographic distribution of solar resources and retail electricity rates, which yield a range of grid parity points across the world. Then, energy yield simulations for different PV panel tilt configurations are carried out using the angle-and-wavelength-resolved solar irradiance data, to examine the effect of angular and spectral variations in the solar spectrum on system performance. Energy policies have been the driving forces for the phenomenal progress of the PV technology: the continuing reduction in cost and the rapid growth in deployment. Chapter 6 first reviews major policy instruments for PV, and then discusses about a few important policy lessons from the rapid development of the global PV industry during 2000-2013. Concerned with the mounting fiscal pressure from deployment incentives and focused on further cost reductions, an innovation-focused policy framework is proposed to revive the PV manufacturing sector and to pursue an innovation-driven global PV industry moving forward.

  17. A YEN FOR THE DOLLAR: Airlines and the Transformation of US-Japanese Tourism, 1947-1977

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Karsner

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the transformation of transpacific tourism between the United States and Japan from 1947 to 1977, focusing on the key role that Pan American World Airways, Northwest Orient Airlines, and Japan Airlines played in this development. In the late 1940s, travel was mostly by a small upper class leisure market cruising on ships. Linkages between the air carriers and other factors, including governmental policy, travel organizations, and changes in business and culture influenced the industry. By the 1970s, these elements had reshaped the nature and geography of tourism, into a mass airline tourist market characterized by package tours, special interest trips, and consumer values.

  18. Force Structure: Restructuring and Rebuilding the Army Will Cost Billions of Dollars for Equipment but the Total Cost Is Uncertain

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    St. Laurent, Janet A

    2008-01-01

    .... Several factors are contributing to the uncertainties about future costs. First, the Army's $43.6 funding plan for equipping modular units was based on preliminary modular unit designs and did not fully consider the needs of National Guard units...

  19. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, Place, and Contractor, FY84, Part 4, (Allenville, Missouri-Wyoming, Pennsylvania).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    CLOSED CIRCUIT TV CORP 26 26INGERSOLL-RAND COMPANY INC 67 67INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCED STUDY 75 75 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MCHS 28 28M L ENERGIA INC 30...I 28 PRINCETON E 0 & 0 PARC 28 IBM CORP 25 25 M L ENERGIA INC 107 107 SAN LUIS CAMERA 41 41...SANDERS ASSOCIATES INC 848 848 SATELLITE SERVICES INC 237 237 SCHICKEL H GEN CONTR INC 132 132 SHERLOT HOME RENOVATION CORP 317 317 TRACY TROMBLEY CONT

  20. Organization Analytics: Taking Cost-per-Dollar-Obligated (CPDO) Measures to the Next Level in Defense Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    approach offers a myriad of pros and cons . For purposes of this discussion, the linkage between military and civilian staff and CPDO is evident in our...Percentage of actions below the SAT 1 AF 1 $267K 46% 2 AF 2 $102K 71% 3 AF 3 $44K 79% 4 DEF 1 $24K 88% 5 USMC 1 $16K 90% 6 USMC 2 $12K 95% 7...Organization Group CPDO FY 14 USMC 1 3 .019 USMC 2 3 .069 Navy 1 4 .027 Navy 2 4 .011 Navy 3 4 .023 AF 1 1 .002 AF 2 1 .010 AF 3 3 .021 DEF 1 3 .017

  1. Centralized Analysis of Local Data, With Dollars and Lives on the Line: Lessons From The Home Radon Experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Price, PhillipN.; Gelman, Andrew

    2014-11-24

    In this chapter we elucidate four main themes. The first is that modern data analyses, including "Big Data" analyses, often rely on data from different sources, which can present challenges in constructing statistical models that can make effective use of all of the data. The second theme is that although data analysis is usually centralized, frequently the final outcome is to provide information or allow decision-making for individuals. Third, data analyses often have multiple uses by design: the outcomes of the analysis are intended to be used by more than one person or group, for more than one purpose. Finally, issues of privacy and confidentiality can cause problems in more subtle ways than are usually considered; we will illustrate this point by discussing a case in which there is substantial and effective political opposition to simply acknowledging the geographic distribution of a health hazard. A researcher analyzes some data and learns something important. What happens next? What does it take for the results to make a difference in people's lives? In this chapter we tell a story - a true story - about a statistical analysis that should have changed government policy, but didn't. The project was a research success that did not make its way into policy, and we think it provides some useful insights into the interplay between locally-collected data, statistical analysis, and individual decision making.

  2. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, County, Contractor and Place. Part 2 (Alachua-Menominee)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    0c -4 -40)4- * L Iit m * 40 404 CD to I 4 0)0m (a 04) a~ CV -1*c 𔃾 I4 C)II tun I nco -4 0V) C) m 0 01~~~~~e CO I ON N000 N0l I2I4 N 0 CO In 40) - 0 0...WO a.I-1W z o -0z zw1- " WWM4- oo mx04C’)4Ua Ŕ(1~f 0004-NBaN’a004’N004-4-0Z flC’ Wa K- ) II= 0 I N a N(𔃻P- zAw ~ 0 -aQfl4-4N 0 a -00(’)0t7- N ofa a0

  3. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, Place and Contractor, FY 85. Part 1 (Alexandria, Alabama - Yorkville, Illinois.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    m - zago zi 9zs 0 m U)l 4c140 0 "< z( . 40 21 I z)-0 "o 0 W 0 >W~ zl "I 00 (04It06 lN t04 01 U (i C0...IU I. In 4c * NO a 05 ’ 44 E - I I A 0 CO I q~o c N M inI5V F z I. I. . .- 01 I- 0. 0 -1Nc4 .4 CL C N- (ogo - C- z I.- w R a. A0 w . z 0 0-I" 14.$A I9...a.n GoCV)t-0 a C1 m n m ’ I. CVI CV in OD) N C) 4 0 ~ ~~ a . r a O aca 40 Z au ’ FJ.. *.4hmN 0- I : N 1 04 1 I. *c’ a-J a 00C)r P oI 4 a . 9 -4 .a a

  4. The Effect of Farmers' Decisions on Pest Control with Bt Crops: A Billion Dollar Game of Strategy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice E Milne

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A farmer's decision on whether to control a pest is usually based on the perceived threat of the pest locally and the guidance of commercial advisors. Therefore, farmers in a region are often influenced by similar circumstances, and this can create a coordinated response for pest control that is effective at a landscape scale. This coordinated response is not intentional, but is an emergent property of the system. We propose a framework for understanding the intrinsic feedback mechanisms between the actions of humans and the dynamics of pest populations and demonstrate this framework using the European corn borer, a serious pest in maize crops. We link a model of the European corn borer and a parasite in a landscape with a model that simulates the decisions of individual farmers on what type of maize to grow. Farmers chose whether to grow Bt-maize, which is toxic to the corn borer, or conventional maize for which the seed is cheaper. The problem is akin to the snow-drift problem in game theory; that is to say, if enough farmers choose to grow Bt maize then because the pest is suppressed an individual may benefit from growing conventional maize. We show that the communication network between farmers' and their perceptions of profit and loss affects landscape scale patterns in pest dynamics. We found that although adoption of Bt maize often brings increased financial returns, these rewards oscillate in response to the prevalence of pests.

  5. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY83, Part 1 (1005-5811).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    E STATE TOTAL 590 LEAR S b1 . . . . • I . i I I I . DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PAGE 381 PRIME CONTRACTS OVER $25. 000 BY FEDERAL STOCK CLASSIFICATION...MOTOR VEHICLE MAINTENANCE EQUIPMENT 94 RONAN & KUNZL INC MICHIGAN ARMY MOTOR VEHICLE MAINTENANCE EQUIPMENT C9 RUGBY INDUSTRIES INC MINNESOTA ARMY MOTOR

  6. The economic impact of the nominal exchange rate depreciation of the US dollar / Tairi Rõõm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõõm, Tairi

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Kroon & Economy nr. 1 lk. 41-47. Dollari odavnemise plussid ja miinused Eesti majanduse seisukohast. Diagrammid ja tabel: USA dollari nominaalkurss Eesti krooni suhtes 1994-2002; Eesti eksport ja import 2001; Eesti krooni nominaalne efektiivne vahetuskurss Eesti peamiste kaubanduspartnerite valuutade suhtes aastail 2000-2002; vahetuskursi languse mõju väliskaubanduse tasakaalule

  7. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, County, Contractor, and Place, FY83, Part 2 (Oceana, Michigan - Weston, Wyoming).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    WILSON AIR SYSTEMS INC WILSON 1,302 745 557 NCAR WILSON FIRESTONE TIRE a RUBBER CO WILSON 42 42 NCAR WILSON INDUSTRIAL TECH INC ELM CITY 27 27 NCAR...THERMATICS ELM CITY 807 34 773 NCAR WILSON TOTAL COUNTY 3,840 836 359 1,214 1,431 NCAR YADKIN ASTORIA BRAID MFG CO INC BOONVILLE 113 113 NCAR YADKIN TOTAL...INC SLIPPERY ROCK 152 152 PA BUTLER M S A RESEARCH CORP EVANS CITY 227 227 PA BUTLER MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES CO EVANS CITY 8,531 253 311 1,339 6,628 PA

  8. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY83, Part 6 (W061-Z299).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    RENT OF FAC /FUEL SUPPLY 29 X299 AUTO TECHNIQUE BELGIQUE S A BELGIUM ARMY LEASE-RENT OF FAC /OTHER NON-BLDG STRUCT 31 HOFFMAN CO VIRGINIA ARMY LEASE...HARRISON & PALMI RIDGE ELECTRICAL E INC MISSOURI ARMY CONSTR: CONSTRUCTION/PARFING FACILITIES $ 123 SUSSEX ELECTRICO C MARYLAND ARMY CONSTR: CONSTRUCTION

  9. 38 CFR 3.505 - Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full-dollar rate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Filipino veterans and... Compensation Reductions and Discontinuances § 3.505 Filipino veterans and their survivors; benefits at the full... compensation for a Filipino veteran or his or her survivor under § 3.42 will be the earliest of the dates...

  10. Eestlaste arvutikeemia säästab miljoneid dollareid = Estonians' computational chemistry could save millions of dollars / Madli Kents

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kents, Madli

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Life in Estonia 2006/Spring, lk. 40-41. Keemik Mati Karelson on viimased 15 aastat tegelnud keemiliste ühendite omaduste ennustamisega arvuti abil. Koostöös Florida ülikooli teadlaste ja oma endiste tudengitega valmis arvutiprogramm Codessa, mis võimaldab eri keemiatoodete, sh ka ravimite testimiseks ja väljatöötamiseks kuluvat aega mitu korda vähendada. Kommenteerib Marek Strandberg

  11. Saving Now and Saving Later: How High School Reform Can Reduce the Nation's Wasted Remediation Dollars. Issue Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    For young people entering the twenty-first-century job market, high school graduation is no longer the finish line, but the starting line. While one-third of students will fail to graduate from high school, too many students who do graduate and make it to the postsecondary starting line find that they are underprepared for postsecondary work. A…

  12. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY84, Part 1 (1005-2610).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    350 STATE TOTAL 377 NEBRASKA ARMY TRACTORS WHEELED 111 CONTRACTOR TOTAL 488 PINE BUSH EQUIPMENT CO INC NEW YORK ARMY TRACTORS WHEELED 49 PSI MOBILE...ARMY VEHICULAR FURNITURE AND ACCESSORIES 48- AURORA CORD a CABLE CO INC ILLINOIS ARMY VEHICULAR FURNITURE AND ACCESSORIES 211 BARREN RV MTL HTH/MTL...MICHIGAN ARMY VEHICULAR BRAKE STEERING AXLE WHEEL COMP 702 PENN ARMY VEHICULAR BRAKE STEERING AXLE WHEEL COMP 32 CONTRACTOR TOTAL 734 RYAN CHRYSLER PLYMOUTH

  13. Getting down to Dollars and Cents: What Do School Districts Spend to Deliver Student-Centered Learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Lawrence J.; Gross, Betheny; Ouijdani, Monica

    2012-01-01

    In the era of No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top, school districts are under increasing pressure from policymakers to hold all students to high performance standards. In response, a growing number of schools are embracing the principles of student-centered learning (SCL). SCL is a contemporary approach that combines progressive and…

  14. Boom time for scientists: with tens of millions of dollars coming in every year, science researchers across Ottawa are enjoying a new sense of optimism

    CERN Multimedia

    Spears, T

    2002-01-01

    A combination of fresh government and industry money and a sense of optimism have stimulated hiring, new construction and an aura of aggressive expansion in Ottowa's science research facilities (1 page).

  15. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, Place, and Contractor, FY84, Part 5, (Ashton, Rhode Island-Sinclair, Wyoming).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    BERGSTROM AIR FORCE CITY OF AUSTIN 4,745 4,745 CPT CORPORATION 66 66 CSR CONTRACTING INC 554 554 DAILEY...317 STARBUCK INDUSTRIAL PUMP SALES COM 147 147 RIDGE CONSTRUCTION CO INC 240 240 SIUSLAW CONSTRUCTION 352 352 SPOONER MECHANICAL CONTRS 226 226 TOTAL... STARBUCK 965 965 STEVENSON BLOCH LUMBER COMPANY 44 44 SUMNER SPACE TECH ENGINEERING INC 762 762 SUNNYSIDE INDEPENDENT FOOD PROCSSRS CORP 86 66 TACOMA

  16. Getting the Most from Your CD-ROM Dollars: The CD-ROM Bundle [and] The Pros and Cons of CD-ROM Bundling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarjeant, Eric W.; O'Connor, Mary Ann

    1992-01-01

    Discusses and reviews CD-ROM bundles--i.e., hardware, software and CD-ROM kits--including their features, specifications, drawbacks, and prices. Recommends buying through mail order for the best selection and price. The pros and cons of bundling as a marketing strategy are discussed and a list of vendors is provided. (EA)

  17. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place. Part 3 (E&E Reisen - Hiawatha Rubber Co)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    w ui 3j W3A b a w ww w w u i U j L A u a w Wa 4*to a o a N C4 anL (a "Cc cm em an a aD a A a GOO F6 46 404 S. >0 I.J man com 04 R 12 CM e4cc ~ m I...I WC: I co r aCCa 001 I-I 0. 0 NCJ o #1.U0 1-- 44 4 -4W C )C (JN -4~y 001 4 4 1I~ C’I1- mmcoco 44 I I. 4 C . a I- U. >- -4.- 010 00 - 1 . Za -C 4 vm...6W1-6z x. z-z- U~.L 4c -C I.--.4- z~L L W~mm 09~ ac -4- U..CI -I io ACLZ 0 U 3 0 0 (0 62 0 z I. zzz (A 6 000 Csd 314" 6 6 CA (ft 4.WU U . U A F4 F6 I I

  18. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place, FY 85. Part 5 (Seaward Construction - Zytron Corporation).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    4𔃺 00 1.C~ f6 Ln N a do00 0 wa n a L 00 43n 0) -ci e4 N1 C14 00 a ~. OD.4 , c I LL. z :i% -4- j i - 0) r -- - 0 I 0 0 00 N oc 0)) co 0)01 00 0 0 ~ J...0 1 1. F6 O. II -F- . I- I .- I I. .C. . . . . . . . . "A6%4 % UU- W4 w CL8 8:0 I 4 I Wt C V 08 I 8 I I e Cl dc m I ) I I Coc (D 0 C nI 4 ( a (4t 4...tLI 0 Z am a - o -4 I I,- - a4 C 0 C-4- acca a O-c 0)( C -. Na( an1 c . -.4 N. Nm ca ’. -. %--ca4-4 0 - a E I Ua an .0- 4 C r- Na C)G I-0C 0 0 0’ 0 ) 0

  19. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place, FY 87. Part 1. 1-Systems, Inc.-Caufield Marine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    4 CY - Z 0 ZI I 0I c I I )Nfl O~C ( >-o P0 q- -400 f6 0-wt mmr M’-f .0)1U6 Ns ID m0t 4 ) 00 - )t )t C c m < ~ -I cv qLn C.. c - 4 -4- 0 n .- 4 W r- 0...8217 aCCA 𔃾)-0 V - 0L A 0 U X00- I V" -4 04C-(A at 0A ID LA LA- - . - 0 0410 1 *j 0- LA 0 I 004 .1 4 -44.40 ’ 4 L -4 >14 -’- -)’ it- 0’L O A N 0’ U. Q- I) q

  20. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place, FY 85. Part 2 (D & A Construction - H & H Service Corpor).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    4c4 ’n 8:r--t n0 . I L .I 0 In -4i n 0-1. :8:. 0 If In W I &n U) I I U UNS U g’-u U4 cc) I 040 0e a 6 e1 a. c C46, 4 C 1 00 t" .4 .. a4 4l f6 I. M t Co...1 a a - 0 -- - a44 ’ 0 Om 3"% am" aCCa - -1 aC- a amm m a t- I N N N m mCr- I4 a 21 - 0 I N C) C) c - " C) x C) x r.)mX a C -I c 0 = I= N -4 Noo W...0 aL NA aL N’-4’C 0-a Co -4 N N o 1 4 40- n N ) (DO4a *w w I-I )Ia m - 0Q’ CI "I "ao~ (.) (N 0 Z C-4 m 2lm acca -a: U 0 0 . I.- I.-1 I- nV -0LL J I I

  1. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place, FY 85. Part 1 (IDSCR Inc - Czetli Jess & Son In).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    4 CC)0 ) ) - )~ I - q 0 N 0’ -. 4 M’ ( 0 0 go C C) (𔃺) C-O- NP- 013" IA1-N D00 N o’" 41ma 4cI 30a)3 30t)I n F3 .’ .3.- #.-4) xL. qxU 0 0I Ixwe - c...Nn iS C)- -4 - 9C’o r0 .4 LIn c 4 ~0 c1 .- WI I 0W. V-4 0 1 4 up a WI4 1. Wi CL-441oI 44W5 41 >I, L " 1 1 a 4 C U 0L JI I 0u 1 - 65. (a01 1 f3 oC - C-1...a zu z o 0AJ 4a a x a * -C cccn ai 0 U U U4 c0 IOS ( -a cN a n-C - Pa- ~ 0 a .- No N6 ~a) - aCca 0 in a- (An- a- E c~CCN . i ’ wl a- w 0 -qa 0>..4 ac

  2. Using Engel curves to estimate purchasing power parity : a case study of the computation of the exchange rate between the Norwegian krone and the U.S. dollar

    OpenAIRE

    Larsen, Erling Røed

    2009-01-01

    Standard practice of estimating purchasing power parities (PPP) involves using prices, in domestic currencies, of a common basket of goods and services, then calculating the price-equalizing exchange rate. In this article, I substitute observed consumer behavior for price data. On the assumption that an Engel curve for food reflects material standard of living, I estimate Engel curves for food for the United States and Norway. This allows us to calculate the exchange rate required for re-alig...

  3. A competitive edge. Whether for profit or not, CIOs are under pressure to make sure every IT dollar yields concrete benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagland, Mark

    2009-03-01

    CIOs need to focus on IT that can be used to improve patient care and patient safety, reduce medical errors, enhance the patient experience, and improve clinician workflow and efficiency. Out of those improvements, comes ROI. Successful implementations come from CIOs and their teams working closely with clinician leaders. The concept of measuring "value" may more useful than tracking the fruits of "investment."

  4. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place, FY83, Part 1 (A&A Chemical Toilet Rentals-Gillespie Construction Co.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    L, <W ( CL w 0 < I- ()::2 - Z < < C l)- 0L ZOc (Di w -DWC’)EC)Ll)0 ) 2 2:3w2 TZ Z I w. L0 m 2 0 coz 0 u D0 za IZrW WWF 1Z < j0a WfXDE0) "x---0r zx <z...617 617 GALVIN & COMSTOCK PARTNERSHIP THE SAN DIEGO CALIFORNIA 155 155 155 155 GALVIN AVIATION SEATTLE WASHINGTON 27 27 27 27

  5. Assessing Tax Form Distribution Costs: A Proposed Method for Computing the Dollar Value of Tax Form Distribution in a Public Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, James B.

    1998-01-01

    Explains how a public library can compute the actual cost of distributing tax forms to the public by listing all direct and indirect costs and demonstrating the formulae and necessary computations. Supplies directions for calculating costs involved for all levels of staff as well as associated public relations efforts, space, and utility costs.…

  6. Behind the cloud: the untold story of how Salesforce.com went from idea to billion-dollar company--and revolutionized an industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Benioff, Marc R; Adler, Carlye

    2009-01-01

    ...? For the first time, Marc Benioff, the visionary founder, chairman and CEO of salesforce.com, tells how he and his team created and used new business, technology, and philanthropic models tailored to this time of extraordinary change...

  7. How to Fund Homeland Security without Federal Dollars: State and Local Funding of Homeland Security Initiatives in Light of Decreased Support by the Federal Government

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Emler, Jay S

    2008-01-01

    .... This thesis, therefore, examined alternatives states and local units of government might use to fund homeland security initiatives, ranging from conventional alternatives such as, asset forfeiture...

  8. Recovery Act: Billions of Dollars in Education Credits Appear to Be Erroneous. Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration. Reference Number: 2011-41-083

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of the Treasury, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Education credits are available to help offset the costs of higher education for taxpayers, their spouses, and dependents who qualify as eligible students. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) amended the Hope Scholarship Tax Credit (Hope Credit) to provide for a refundable tax credit known as the American Opportunity…

  9. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, Place, and Contractor, FY84, Part 2 (Air Force Academy, Colorado-Zion, Illinois).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    HETRA CORPORATION 131 131 MARTIN MARIETTA CORPORATION 3,478 3,478 NEWPORT ELECTRO - OPTICS 36 36 OPTO MECHANIK INC 2,293 2,293 REGAL MATTRESS COMPANY INC...TELEPHONE & TELO CO 584 58 RIVIERA BEACH BIG THREE INDUSTRIES INC 628 626 KOEHLKE COMPONENTS INC 85 85 LENZAR OPTICS CORP 966 966 MICRO TOOL a ENGINEERING...LOCATION CONTRACTOR DOD AIR NAME NAME TOTAL ARMY NAVY FORCE DLA OCE AURORA ELECTRO -TEST INC 95 95 ELLIS THEODORE AND COMPANY 82 82 FAMILY MOTEL 27 27

  10. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place, FY83, Part 2 (Gillespie Delorenzo Asla & Assocs-Planning Analysis Corp).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    BURLINGTON MASS 85 85 85 85 N L AVIATION LTD UN KINGDOM 2,558 273 2,285 2,556 273 2,285 M L ENERGIA INC PRINCETON NEW JERSEY 28 28 28 28 M M L...155 155 PIPE INC PORTSMOUTH VIRGINIA 588 588 743 743 PIPE INSTALLATION CORP ATCO ILw jE6EY 42 42 42 42 PIPELINE RENOVATION SERVICE INC FORT BRAGG NCAR...107 107 PIPELINE RENOVATION SERVICE INC LANGLEY AFB VIRGINIA 205 161 44 PIPELINE RENOVATION SERVICE INC NORFOLK VIRGINIA 248 248 560 268 248 44

  11. Metrics, Dollars, and Systems Change: Learning from Washington State's Student Achievement Initiative to Design Effective Postsecondary Performance Funding Policies. A State Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Davis; Shulock, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    The Student Achievement Initiative (SAI), adopted by the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges in 2007, is one of a growing number of performance funding programs that have been dubbed "performance funding 2.0." Unlike previous performance funding models, the SAI rewards colleges for students' intermediate…

  12. How to Fund Homeland Security without Federal Dollars: State and Local Funding of Homeland Security Initiatives in Light of Decreased Support by the Federal Government

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Emler, Jay S

    2008-01-01

    ..., sales taxes, congestion fees and multi-year budgeting with the addition of a "rainy day" fund, to less conventional options like public/private partnerships and innovative investment strategies...

  13. Behind the ink : multi-billion dollar oil deal between Venezuela and China not necessarily bad for either the United States or Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bentein, J.

    2009-01-01

    Although China has recently signed large contracts with Venezuela for crude oil, experts are convinced that Chinese refiners will want more Canadian crude oil because they have greater confidence in Canada as a reliable provider. Production difficulties with nationalized oil industries in Venezuela and Mexico will create further opportunities for Canadian oil producers. The recent recession has caused delays in plans to increase pipeline capacity. China may invest $US 8 billion in Venezuelan oil in order to increase exports to China to over a million barrels per day by 2015. The Chinese government granted the Venezuelan government a $4 billion loan last year. The Venezuelan government has increased the maximum royalty rates paid by foreign oil companies. The Venezuelan-owned Citgo operates more than 7000 gasoline retail outlets in the United States. The country is capable of processing 1.3 million barrels per day. Studies have suggested that the Chinese see their investments as a business opportunity, and not as a means of antagonizing western countries. It was concluded that economists are predicting that Venezuela's currency will be devalued this year. 3 figs

  14. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards with Principal Place of Performance Outside the U.S. by Country and Contractor, FY83.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    52- MEHMET AKOENIZ IZOLASYON TAAHHUT TURKEY a8 96 MEHIET OZVEREN TURKEY 31 31 MINEX NUN MUT TURKEY 104 104 MITHAT YENIGUN TURKEY 1,640 1,640 I PRIME...CORP TURKEY 6,650 6,650 HUHENDISLIK ERE LTD STI TURKEY 130 130 MUSTAFA QOKALP TURKEY 109 109 NADIR SONEN TURKEY 30 30 ONAR I|NSAAV TI CARET VE SAAYII

  15. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by State, Place, and Contractor, FY84, Part 1 (Adamsville, Alabama-Santa Clara, California).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    FENCE CORP 379 379 AOUA-FAB SUPPLY COMPANY 59 59 ARIZONA ENGINE & PUMP CO 27 27 ARMOUR AND COMPANY 65 65 ARMOUR -DIAL INC 2,192 2,192 MPC911 PRIME...125 43 37 TOTAL - BERKELEY 16,734 3,230 9,893 1,658 861 125 967 BERRY CREEK INTERFACE TECHNOLOGY INC 33 33 BFERLWY HILLS ARMOUR OF AMERICA INC 25 25...PLEABANTON AVOSET FOOD CORP 27 27 FEDERAL PRISON IND DRAPES 121 121 FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES INC 284 56 200 28 FORD LABORATORIES 87 87 GENERAL ELECTRIC

  16. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place, FY83, Part 3 (Planning Design & Research Engr-Zytron Corp.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    748 232 980 748 232 SLETTEN BUILDERS GRAND FORKS AFS NDAK 148 148 148 148 SLICKBAR INC SOUTHPORT CONN 49 49 49 49 SLIPPERY ROCK STATE COLLEGE SLIPPERY ...ENGINEERING LOS ANGELES CALIFORNIA 38 38ENGINEERING NORTHRIDGE CALIFORNIA 78 78 765 32 617 116 rice ELM CITY NCAR 807 34 773 807 34 773 IOWER MILWAUKEE

  17. Carbon disclosure project 2006. evaluation realized with the SBF 120 enterprises. For 225 investors managing more than 31000 milliards of active dollars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-10-01

    The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) is an independent not-for-profit organisation aiming to create a lasting relationship between shareholders and corporations regarding the implications for shareholder value and commercial operations presented by climate change. Its goal is to facilitate a dialogue, supported by quality information, from which a rational response to climate change will emerge. Over 7 years CDP has become the gold standard for carbon disclosure methodology and process. CDP4 finds that the global investment and corporate communities have made great strides in their understanding of climate change and its competitive and financial implications, and the measurement of these implications. However, awareness and measurement are not translating into sufficient management and activity in the context of the climate change challenge. (A.L.B.)

  18. Carbon disclosure project 2006. evaluation realized with the SBF 120 enterprises. For 225 investors managing more than 31000 milliards of active dollars; Carbon disclosure project 2006. Enquete menee aupres des entreprises du SBF 120. Pour le compte de 225 investisseurs gerant plus de 31000 milliards de dollars d'actifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-10-15

    The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) is an independent not-for-profit organisation aiming to create a lasting relationship between shareholders and corporations regarding the implications for shareholder value and commercial operations presented by climate change. Its goal is to facilitate a dialogue, supported by quality information, from which a rational response to climate change will emerge. Over 7 years CDP has become the gold standard for carbon disclosure methodology and process. CDP4 finds that the global investment and corporate communities have made great strides in their understanding of climate change and its competitive and financial implications, and the measurement of these implications. However, awareness and measurement are not translating into sufficient management and activity in the context of the climate change challenge. (A.L.B.)

  19. Carbon disclosure project 2006. evaluation realized with the SBF 120 enterprises. For 225 investors managing more than 31000 milliards of active dollars; Carbon disclosure project 2006. Enquete menee aupres des entreprises du SBF 120. Pour le compte de 225 investisseurs gerant plus de 31000 milliards de dollars d'actifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-10-15

    The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) is an independent not-for-profit organisation aiming to create a lasting relationship between shareholders and corporations regarding the implications for shareholder value and commercial operations presented by climate change. Its goal is to facilitate a dialogue, supported by quality information, from which a rational response to climate change will emerge. Over 7 years CDP has become the gold standard for carbon disclosure methodology and process. CDP4 finds that the global investment and corporate communities have made great strides in their understanding of climate change and its competitive and financial implications, and the measurement of these implications. However, awareness and measurement are not translating into sufficient management and activity in the context of the climate change challenge. (A.L.B.)

  20. Partners in Name Only? With the Department of Homeland Security Awarding Multimillion-Dollar Grants, Minority-Serving Institutions Are Positioning Themselves to Lead, Rather than Just Support Majority Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lum, Lydia

    2005-01-01

    When Jackson State University officials and their collaborators assembled a proposal for a $12 million social and behavioral research center to combat terrorism, they hoped Federal officials would give a nod of approval to what they believed was a high-value concept. The proposal, Featuring the predominantly White Mississippi State University as…

  1. Analisis Perilaku Kurs Rupiah (Idr) terhadap Dollar Amerika (Usd) pada Sistem Kurs Mengambang Bebas di Indonesia Periode 1997.3 – 2011.4 (Aplikasi Pendekatan Keynesian Sticky Price Model)

    OpenAIRE

    Pratiwi, Tara Eka; Santosa, H. Purbayu Budi Santosa

    2012-01-01

    Currency stability is an important issue to boost economic activity and create economic growth of a country. Trade between countries resulting in currency exchange rates between countries are reflected in the exchange rate. The importance of the role of exchange rates for both developed and developing countries, encourage efforts to keep the exchange rate of a country is in a relatively stable state. The stability of the currency exchange rate is also affected by the exchange rate system adop...

  2. A Cautionary Analysis of a Billion Dollar Athletic Expenditure: The History of the Renovation of California Memorial Stadium and the Construction of the Barclay Simpson Student Athlete High Performance Center. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.3.17

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummins, John

    2017-01-01

    This paper is a description and analysis of the history of the renovation of Memorial Stadium and the building of the Barclay Simpson Student Athlete High Performance Center (SAHPC) on the Berkeley campus, showing how incremental changes over time result in a much riskier and financially less viable project than originally anticipated. It…

  3. [The remittances in U.S. dollars that Mexican migrants send home from the United States (a study based on data from the Survey of Migration in the Northern Frontier Region of Mexico)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corona Vasquez, R

    1998-01-01

    The difficulties in obtaining reliable data on remittances to Mexico by Mexican immigrants in the United States are first outlined. An analysis of such remittances is then attempted using data from a recent survey, the Encuesta sobre Migracion en la Frontera Norte. Data from this survey are used to analyze several aspects of remittances "such as the direct determination of the amount of the remittances and the identification of the immigrants that send them according to their social and demographic features, and the location of Mexican zones where the remittances arrive, [and] the variations in the amount and frequency of the remittances among the different groups of immigrants." (EXCERPT)

  4. Follow the money: how the billions of dollars that flow from smokers in poor nations to companies in rich nations greatly exceed funding for global tobacco control and what might be done about it.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callard, Cynthia

    2010-08-01

    The business of selling cigarettes is increasingly concentrated in the hands of five tobacco companies that collectively control almost 90% of the world's cigarette market, four of which are publicly traded corporations. The economic activities of these cigarette manufacturers can be monitored through their reports to shareholders and other public documents. Reports for 2008 show that the revenues of these five companies exceeded $300 billion, of which more than $160 billion was provided to governments as taxes, and that corporate earnings of the four publicly traded companies were over $25 billion, of which $14 billion was retained after corporate income taxes were paid. By contrast, funding for domestic and international tobacco control is not reliably reported. Estimated funding for global tobacco control in 2008, at $240 million, is significantly lower than resources provided to address other highmortality global health challenges. Tobacco control has not yet benefited from the innovative finance mechanisms that are in place for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. The Framework Convention On Tobacco Control (FCTC) process could be used to redirect some of the earnings from transnational tobacco sales to fund FCTC implementation or other global health efforts.

  5. 75 FR 4451 - Notification of United States Mint 2010 Commemorative Coin Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... Dollar and the 2010 Boy Scouts of America Centennial Silver Dollar Programs. Public Laws 110-227 and 110... Scouts of America Centennial Silver Dollar Commemorative Coins, respectively. [[Page 4452

  6. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company. Section 3: Other Services and Construction. Fiscal Year 1993. (8502 Air Quality Analyses, A J T & Associates Inc.-S205 Trash/Collection Srvcs-Incl Port S, Zeltverleih, Joh. Lenz, Germany). Part 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    M- ýC CL C 30 tUn S. C-V~C go cE In >- l- L. In kN tm > 0Li - -Vt . cm5 -cL N14 0 - t 4 4 Nd N- >-(- -S A4 ) 4 4 E 0r,t r;4 013 (4 .- 0 on L) L. x4...8217-jI0 <..s 40 wwnz Cn00 U a U < =X F- <= WW < <=~w~ ~ (ac C )UFu) =1-ZW’-.OZ ɜI ZaW < IW ý-WOM-a. 0 z CU 4 01- 0 0 I- 00-0 0 U O 1- .8 z->-1-LJ wxzU~n ý...34 ZAW > *-l " W u L~l~ 4W (-A 0.A W’. OW Ln F- -- I--CO ( Lw )u( e-3 z0 w 04 U 5-O ZZauI40.a- 40 4U01 QU- U 0 4 4~-44 - C0 ) o z U < < < <W ZZCS"= W

  7. FGC Webinar: From Fires to Floods and Everything In Between

    Science.gov (United States)

    Federal Green Challenge presentations from the April 2018 'Billion Dollar Weather Events' webinar From Fires to Floods and Everything in Between: How Federal Facilities Can Thrive in an Era of Billion Dollar Weather Events.

  8. 77 FR 17328 - Commodity Pool Operators and Commodity Trading Advisors: Compliance Obligations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ..., for each such retail forex transaction, by calculating the value in U.S. Dollars for such transaction... forex transaction, by calculating the value in U.S. Dollars of such transaction, at the time the...

  9. 76 FR 52384 - Indexing the Annual Operating Revenues of Railroads

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ... level for Class I railroads from $50 million (1978 dollars) to $250 million (1991 dollars), effective... Board, William F. Huneke, Director, Office of Economics. Jeffrey Herzig, Clearance Clerk. [FR Doc. 2011...

  10. 26 CFR 1.985-0 - Outline of regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... foreign corporations. (d) Pre-1987 section 902 amounts. (e) Net worth branch. (f) Profit and loss branch... currency transactions. (f) Examples. § 1.985-2 Election to use the United States dollar as the functional...) Effect of dollar election. § 1.985-3 United States dollar approximate separate transactions method. (a...

  11. Application of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to Reduce Multicollinearity Exchange Rate Currency of Some Countries in Asia Period 2004-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahayu, Sri; Sugiarto, Teguh; Madu, Ludiro; Holiawati; Subagyo, Ahmad

    2017-01-01

    This study aims to apply the model principal component analysis to reduce multicollinearity on variable currency exchange rate in eight countries in Asia against US Dollar including the Yen (Japan), Won (South Korea), Dollar (Hong Kong), Yuan (China), Bath (Thailand), Rupiah (Indonesia), Ringgit (Malaysia), Dollar (Singapore). It looks at yield…

  12. 77 FR 39679 - Request for Public Comments on Shipping Tolerances for Export Licenses Issued by the Bureau of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... the applicable ``unit,'' BIS allows either no shipping tolerance on dollar value, or up to 25 percent shipping tolerance on dollar value. The Department of State, which issues licenses for commodities identified on the USML, measures shipping tolerances based on dollar value. The Department of State applies a...

  13. Size, Stability and Incremental Budgeting Outcomes in Public Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schick, Allen G.; Hills, Frederick S.

    1982-01-01

    Examined the influence of relative size in the analysis of total dollar and workforce budgets, and changes in total dollar and workforce budgets when correlational/regression methods are used. Data suggested that size dominates the analysis of total budgets, and is not a factor when discretionary dollar increments are analyzed. (JAC)

  14. 48 CFR 215.404-1 - Proposal analysis techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...; (iii) Significant high-dollar-value items. If there are no obvious high-dollar-value items, include an analysis of a random sample of items; and (iv) A random sample of the remaining low-dollar value items... reliability of its estimating and accounting systems. [63 FR 55040, Oct. 14, 1998, as amended at 71 FR 69494...

  15. 17 CFR 230.903 - Offers or sales of securities by the issuer, a distributor, any of their respective affiliates...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... applicable) are denominated in a currency other than U.S. dollars and such securities are neither convertible into U.S. dollar-denominated securities nor linked to U.S. dollars (other than through related currency or interest rate swap transactions that are commercial in nature) in a manner that in effect converts...

  16. Transportation fuel prices around the world, first half 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    This survey of 41 countries reveals that while most countries experienced higher prices in national currencies, a stronger dollar resulted in lower U.S. dollar adjusted fuel prices during the first half of the year. Currency exchange rate depreciation against the dollar was the predominant fact around the world

  17. 77 FR 16879 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    ... Listing and Trading of PHLX FOREX Options TM March 16, 2012. I. Introduction On January 23, 2012, NASDAQ... options known as PHLX FOREX Options on the British pound, the Swiss franc, the Canadian dollar, the Australian dollar, the New Zealand dollar, and the Euro (``PHLX FOREX Options''). The proposed rule change...

  18. Report on annual expenses for travel, hospitality and conferences ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Expenditure Category, Expenditures for the year ending 31 March 2017 (in thousands of dollars), Expenditures for the year ending 31 March 2016 (in thousands of dollars), Variances (in thousands of dollars). Travel: IDRC Employees*, $3,866.2, $3,695.3, $170.9. Travel: Non-IDRC Employees, $458.9, $234.3, $224.6.

  19. 26 CFR 1.415(d)-1 - Cost-of-living adjustments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...)(A) dollar limitation pursuant to section 611(a)(1)(A) of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief... adjustments. (a) Defined benefit plans—(1) Dollar limitation—(i) Determination of adjusted limit. Under section 415(d)(1)(A), the dollar limitation described in section 415(b)(1)(A) applicable to defined...

  20. Day surgery is effective and safe for patients with great saphenous ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, average hospital stays in DS group was 1 day, compared to 4.2 days in IS group. Moreover with respect to average medical cost (dollar), it was 780.33 dollars and 1021.06 dollars in DS and IS group, respectively. Conclusion: DS for GSVV is an effective and safe procedure, which was the same as IS. However ...

  1. Estimation of the economic impacts of Three Mile Island nuclear power plant accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sagara, Aya; Fujimoto, Noboru; Fukuda, Kenji

    1998-01-01

    The Three Mile Island nuclear power plant accident had an immediate negative impact on the economy of the seven-country area which surrounds the plant site. In order to estimate the social effect of the nuclear power plant accident economically, immediate and short term economical impacts on some industrial classification have been evaluated. The economical effect to Metropolitan Edison Co., the circumstantial payment of the insurance and the lawsuit for the compensation for damages, etc. have been estimated at dollar 90 million for the manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industry, dollar 5 million for the tourist industry and dollar 50,000 for agriculture. The total loss for the state and country governments is about dollar 90,000. Metropolitan Edison Co. expended also dollar 111 million for the substitute energy and dollar 760 million for the decontamination cost. Since the lawsuit for the compensation for damages is still continuing, the total impacts cost is calculated more than a billion dollar. (author)

  2. International trade and air pollution: estimating the economic costs of air emissions from waterborne commerce vessels in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Kevin P

    2005-10-01

    Although there is a burgeoning literature on the effects of international trade on the environment, relatively little work has been done on where trade most directly effects the environment: the transportation sector. This article shows how international trade is affecting air pollution emissions in the United States' shipping sector. Recent work has shown that cargo ships have been long overlooked regarding their contribution to air pollution. Indeed, ship emissions have recently been deemed "the last unregulated source of traditional air pollutants". Air pollution from ships has a number of significant local, national, and global environmental effects. Building on past studies, we examine the economic costs of this increasing and unregulated form of environmental damage. We find that total emissions from ships are largely increasing due to the increase in foreign commerce (or international trade). The economic costs of SO2 pollution range from dollars 697 million to dollars 3.9 billion during the period examined, or dollars 77 to dollars 435 million on an annual basis. The bulk of the cost is from foreign commerce, where the annual costs average to dollars 42 to dollars 241 million. For NOx emissions the costs are dollars 3.7 billion over the entire period or dollars 412 million per year. Because foreign trade is driving the growth in US shipping, we also estimate the effect of the Uruguay Round on emissions. Separating out the effects of global trade agreements reveals that the trade agreement-led emissions amounted to dollars 96 to dollars 542 million for SO2 between 1993 and 2001, or dollars 10 to dollars 60 million per year. For NOx they were dollars 745 million for the whole period or dollars 82 million per year. Without adequate policy responses, we predict that these trends and costs will continue into the future.

  3. Costs and compensation of work-related injuries in British Columbia sawmills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alamgir, Hasanat; Tompa, Emile; Koehoorn, Mieke; Ostry, Aleck; Demers, Paul A

    2007-03-01

    To estimate the costs of work-related injury in a cohort of sawmill workers in British Columbia from the perspective of the workers' compensation system. Hospital discharge records were extracted from 1989 to 1998 for a cohort of 5786 actively employed sawmill workers. A total of 173 work-related injury cases were identified from these records using the International classification of diseases-ninth revision (ICD-9) external cause of injury codes and the responsibility of payment schedule. Workers' compensation records were extracted and matched with hospital records by dates and ICD-9 diagnosis codes. All costs were converted into 1995 constant Canadian dollars using the Provincial General Consumer Price Index for the non-healthcare costs and Medical Consumer Price Index for the healthcare costs. A 5% discounting rate was applied to adjust for the time value of money. For the uncompensated cases, costs were imputed from the compensated cases using the median cost for a similar nature of injury. 370 hospitalisation events due to injury were captured, and by either of the two indicators (E Codes or payment schedules), 173 (47%) hospitalisation events due to injury, were identified as work related. The median healthcare cost was 4377 dollars and the median non-healthcare cost was 16,559 dollars for a work-related injury. The median non-healthcare and healthcare costs by injury were falls, 19,978 dollars and 5185 dollars; struck by falling object, 32,398 dollars and 8625 dollars; struck against, 12,667 dollars and 5741 dollars; machinery related, 26,480 dollars and 6643 dollars; caught in or between, 24,130 dollars and 4389 dollars; and overexertion, 7801 dollars and 2710 dollars. The total cost was 10,374,115 dollars for non-healthcare and 1,764,137 dollars for healthcare. The compensation agency did not compensate 874,871 dollars (8.4%) of the non-healthcare costs and 200,588 dollars (11.4%) of the healthcare costs. Eliminating avoidable work-related injury events

  4. [Unit cost variation in a social security company in Querétaro, México].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarreal-Ríos, Enrique; Campos-Esparza, Maribel; Garza-Elizondo, María E; Martínez-González, Lidia; Núñez-Rocha, Georgina M; Romero-Islas, Nestor R

    2006-01-01

    Comparing unit cost variation between departments and reasons for consultation in outpatient health services provided by a social security company from Querétaro, Mexico. A study of costs (in US dollars) was carried out in outpatient health service units during 2004. Fixed unit costs were estimated per department and adjusted for one year's productivity. Material, physical and consumer resources were included. Weighting was assigned to resources invested in each department. Unit cost was estimated by using the micro cost technique; medicaments, materials used during treatment and reagents were considered to be consumer items. Unit cost resulted from adding fixed unit cost to the variable unit cost corresponding to the reason for consulting. Units costs were then compared between the medical units. Unit cost per month for diabetic treatment varied from 34.8 US dollars, 32,2 US dollars to US 34 US dollars, pap smear screening test costs were 7,2 US dollars, 8,7 US dollars and 7,3 US dollars and dental treatment 27 US dollars, 33 US dollars, 6 and 28,7 US dollars. Unit cost variation was more important in the emergency room and the dental service.

  5. Impact of increased fuel costs and inflation on the cost of desalting sea water and brackish waters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reed, S.A.

    1976-01-01

    The combined increases in the cost of fuel, equipment, and money during the past four years have had a marked impact on the cost of desalting saline waters. The current costs of desalting seawater by distillation and reverse osmosis and brackish waters by reverse osmosis and electrodialysis as a function of plant size and feedwater chemistry are estimated. Typically, distillation plant capital costs have increased from dollar 1 per daily gallon to dollar 3 per daily gallon for large plants (100 Mgd) and from approximately dollar 1.40 per daily gallon to approximately dollar 5 per daily gallon per plant sizes of 5 Mgd or less. Consequently, water costs are now ranging from dollar 3 to dollar 4 per 1000 gal when oil is used to generate steam. Similarly, the costs of desalting inland brackish waters using reverse osmosis or electrodialysis have increased significantly

  6. Allocation Methods for Use in the Accrual of Manpower Costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-01

    planners more frugal in their use of military manpower (OB1, 1973). Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ( GAAP ) recognize accrual basis accounting...time. Examples of this type of allocation are depreciation or amortization of long term assets (Fremgen and Liao, 1981). It is this second concept of...financing is that the relatively "soft dollars" of the future will make it easier to contribute. A "soft dollar" is the depreciated value of the dollar

  7. Funding Liquidity Risk and Deviations from Interest-Rate Parity During the Financial Crisis of 2007-2009

    OpenAIRE

    Cho-Hoi Hui; Hans Genberg; Tsz-Kin Chung

    2009-01-01

    Significant deviations from covered interest parity were observed during the financial crisis of 2007-2009. This paper finds that before the failure of Lehman Brothers the market-wide funding liquidity risk was the main determinant of these deviations in terms of the premiums on swap-implied US dollar interest rates for the euro, British pound, Hong Kong dollar, Japanese yen, Singapore dollar and Swiss Franc. This suggests that the deviations can be explained by the existence and nature of li...

  8. An Overview of the Past, Present, and Future of 3D Printing Technology with an Emphasis on the Present

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Robin M.

    2014-01-01

    Just as the cost of high quality laser printing started in the tens of thousands of dollar and can now be purchased for under $100, so too has 3D printing technology started in the tens of thousands of dollars and is now in the thousand dollar range. Current 3D printing technology takes 2D printing into a third dimension. Many 3D printers are…

  9. Three-agent Peer Evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Vicki Knoblauch

    2008-01-01

    I show that every rule for dividing a dollar among three agents impartially (so that each agent's share depends only on her evaluation by her associates) underpays some agent by at least one-third of a dollar for some consistent profile of evaluations. I then produce an impartial division rule that never underpays or overpays any agent by more than one-third of a dollar, and for most consistent evaluation profiles does much better.

  10. Economic assessment of the general thoracic surgery outpatient service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, David R; Vaughters, Ann B R; Smith, Philip W; Daniel, Thomas M; Shen, K Robert; Heinzmann, Janet L

    2006-09-01

    One aspect of the definition of institutional value for any program is based on the return on investment (ROI) for that program. Program requests for future resource allocations depend, in part, on that information. The purpose of this project was to determine the ROI for initial outpatient visits only for our General Thoracic Surgery (GTS) program. The number of GTS outpatient visits, studies, and requested consultations ordered by GTS surgeons only was determined after review of the hospital database and office records for the calendar year 2003. Only charges associated with the initial outpatient visits (no inpatient or physician charges) were included. Charges were based on hospital finance department data. The ROI for GTS outpatient services was calculated using total hospital costs and hospital collections. There were 689 initial outpatient GTS visits. The majority were for lung cancer (48%), benign lung diseases (21%), and esophageal diseases (14%). Total outpatient charges were 1.25M dollars and by disease process were lung cancer (644,000 dollars), benign lung disease (90,000 dollars), esophageal disease (159,000 dollars), and other (357,000 dollars). The most significant hospital charges were the following: radiology (850,000 dollars), laboratory studies (82,000 dollars), gastrointestinal medicine studies (59,000 dollars), and cardiology (42,000 dollars). Total operational costs for the GTS clinic were 415,000 dollars and hospital collections were 513,000 dollars, yielding an ROI of 98,000 dollars or an operating margin of 19%. An operating margin of 19% for GTS outpatient services is better than most Fortune 500 companies. Acquisition of this type of information by GTS surgeons may be helpful for future program development and institutional resource allocation.

  11. DEDOLLARISATION DE L’ECONOMIE CONGOLAISE : Atouts, contraintes et perspectives.

    OpenAIRE

    MALINGUMU, Crispin

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the reasons for the downward irreversibility of dollarization and analyses possibilities of de-dollarization of the Congolese economy. During the 2000s, stabilizing the macroeconomic framework has not ended this phenomenon. Indeed, the dollarization rate approximated by the ratio on foreign currency deposit on the total currency, deposit on total currency deposits passed respectively from on average of 35% in 2001 to more than 69.1% at the end of 2013 for the first while t...

  12. Applying Goldwater-Nichols Reforms to Foster Interagency Cooperation Between Public Safety Agencies in New York City

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McGeary, Joseph P

    2007-01-01

    Interagency conflict between police and fire departments throughout the country has existed for many years and is generally attributable to competition for limited municipal dollars and overlapping...

  13. Testimony: Statement of Paul J. Granetto Director Defense Financial Auditing Service Office of the Inspector General Department of Defense to the Subcommittee on Government Efficiency and Financial Management House Government Reform Committee on Defense Financial Management

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Granetto, Paul

    2003-01-01

    .... Decision-makers responsible for planning military actions need reliable financial information so that they can prudently manage available resources and allocate dollars to those processes that yield...

  14. The Financial Crisis through the Lens of Foreign Exchange Swap Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Crystal Ossolinski; Andrew Zurawski

    2010-01-01

    During the financial crisis, non-US banks relied increasingly on foreign exchange swap markets to fund their US dollar asset holdings. This caused the cost of borrowing US dollars via the swap market to rise above the measured cost of borrowing US dollars directly in money markets – an apparent deviation from the covered interest parity condition. Pricing in the Australian dollar foreign exchange swap market, and to a lesser degree the cross-currency swap market, also reflected the global s...

  15. Defense Business Transformation: Status of Department of Defense Efforts to Develop a Management Approach to Guide Business Transformation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pickup, Sharon L; Yarborough, Deborah; Coleman, Grace; Harms, K. N; Perkins, Suzanne; Richardson, Terry; Watkins, Joseph; Watson, Angela

    2009-01-01

    .... The GAO has reported on weaknesses in DOD's business operations that result in billions of dollars being wasted annually, reduced efficiencies, ineffective performance, inadequate accountability...

  16. Estimating workers' marginal valuation of employer health benefits: would insured workers prefer more health insurance or higher wages?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royalty, Anne Beeson

    2008-01-01

    In recent years the cost of health insurance has been increasing much faster than wages. In the face of these rising costs, many employers will have to make difficult decisions about whether to cut back health benefits or to compensate workers with lower wages or lower wage growth. In this paper, we ask the question, "Which do workers value more -- one additional dollar's worth of health benefits or one more dollar in their pockets?" Using a new approach to obtaining estimates of insured workers' marginal valuation of health benefits this paper estimates how much, on average, employees value the marginal dollar paid by employers for their workers' health insurance. We find that insured workers value the marginal health premium dollar at significantly less than the marginal wage dollar. However, workers value insurance generosity very highly. The marginal dollar spent on health insurance that adds an additional dollar's worth of observable dimensions of plan generosity, such as lower deductibles or coverage of additional services, is valued at significantly more than one dollar.

  17. Economic Security and National Security -- Interaction and Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    disguising trading patterns are: 1. They do not appear on balance sheets under GAAP or IAS (al­ though, the notional value of derivatives is...dollar-denominated level. Gold will actually be constant, for example, at one ounce = 25 barrels of oil; it is the dollar that depreciates . In this

  18. 78 FR 23321 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Order Granting Approval of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    ... following currencies: euro, British pound, Japanese yen, and Australian dollar. \\5\\ The term ``modified...'s existing surveillance system architecture and processes. Additionally, the Exchange will have... basket of four highly liquid currencies (the euro, British pound, Japanese yen, and the Australian dollar...

  19. 77 FR 34868 - Lamb Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Amendment to the Order To Raise the Assessment Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ... entities Funds collected under the programs are used for promotion, information, research, and advertising... total lamb consumption per dollar spent on advertising and promotion and $37.16 to $39.34 in additional lamb sales per dollar spent on advertising and promotion. Copies of this study can be obtained from the...

  20. 78 FR 28121 - Lamb Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Amendment to the Order To Raise the Assessment Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ... additional pounds of total lamb consumption per dollar spent on advertising and promotion and $37.16 to $39.34 in additional lamb sales per dollar spent on advertising and promotion. Copies of this study can... advertising, retail promotions, public relations campaigns and media outreach, foodservice programs, consumer...

  1. 78 FR 47037 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Amendment No. 1 and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ..., British Pound, Canadian Dollar, Australian Dollar, and Swiss Franc).\\13\\ The Subsidiary's exposure will... recognized statistical rating organization or, if unrated, judged by First Trust to be of comparable quality... business within seven days at approximately the value ascribed to it by the fund. See Investment Company...

  2. Müü dollarid või määra madalaim müügitase / Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matson, Annika, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    USA dollar nõrgeneb jätkuvalt euro suhtes. Eesti valuutaturgude eksperdid soovitavad eksportööridel dollarid kohe täies mahus või osaliselt ära müüa, kuna kursilanguse peatumist ei ole ette näha. Diagramm: Kuuga on dollar krooni suhtes langenud veel 5,3%

  3. The Mayors' Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magee, Michael

    2014-01-01

    In 2007, the case could be made that Rhode Island had, dollar for dollar, the worst-performing public education system in the United States. Despite per-pupil expenditures ranking in the top 10 nationally, the state's 8th graders fared no better than 40th in reading and 33rd in math on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Only…

  4. SALMON IN CRISIS: IN SEARCH OF A SOLUTION FOR THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST

    Science.gov (United States)

    Throughout the Pacific Northwest, since 1850, all wild salmon runs have declined and some have disappeared. Billions of dollars have been spent in a so-far failed attempt to reverse the long-term decline. Each year, hundreds of millions of dollars continue to be spent in variou...

  5. Embarkables Root Cause for Navy Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    who took the time to provide information and review documents for accuracy. Con mucho cariño principalmente a mi querida familia por su apoyo...normalized cost estimates to Then-Year dollars (TY$) were used to represent the actual cost that can be expected the year the dollars will be

  6. 78 FR 13717 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... Index than if traditional trading increments are used because options on the individual foreign currency... trading on the Exchange of options on a foreign currency index, the Dow Jones FXCM Dollar Index. The... the Dow Jones FXCM Dollar Index will be settled in the same manner as the Exchange's foreign currency...

  7. 26 CFR 1.987-5 - Transition rules for certain qualified business units using a profit and loss method of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of United States persons that have a nondollar functional currency and that used a net worth method...) branches of United States persons, whose functional currency (as defined in section 985 of the Code and the regulations thereunder) is other than the United States dollar (dollar) and that used a profit and loss method...

  8. 75 FR 15757 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... Rule Change Relating to U.S. Dollar-Settled Foreign Currency Options March 23, 2010. Pursuant to... Krone (``XDV'') to the U.S. Dollar-Settled Foreign Currency Options fees.\\3\\ While changes to the Fee... be operative on March 22, 2010. \\3\\ FCOs are currently traded on the Exchange under the name PHLX...

  9. 26 CFR 1.7701(l)-3 - Recharacterizing financing arrangements involving fast-pay stock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... benefited shareholders would use their share of the interest to buy (on a dollar-for-dollar basis) the fast..., by subtracting the amortizable premium from the accrued interest on the fast-pay shareholders..., 2000, by adding the accrued discount to the accrued interest on the benefited shareholders' portion of...

  10. St. Cloud State University's Impact on the Local Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Mark D.

    The economic impact of St. Cloud State University, Minnesota, on the local economy was studied. Using models developed by the American Council on Education, estimates were made of the dollar outlays by the local economic sectors that are associated with or influenced by the university. The focus is the measurable impacts, in dollar terms, of the…

  11. 29 CFR 779.342 - Methods of computing annual volume of sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS ACT AS APPLIED TO RETAILERS OF GOODS OR SERVICES Exemptions for Certain Retail or Service...) of the Act are specified in terms of the “annual dollar volume of sales” of goods or of services (or... annual dollar volume before deduction of those taxes which are excluded in determining whether the $250...

  12. 78 FR 35327 - Division of Coal Mine Workers' Compensation; Proposed Collection of Existing Collection; Comment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... Safety and Health Act of 1977, as amended (30 U.S.C. 901) and 20 CFR 725.535, require that DOL Black Lung... gather information to determine the amounts of Black Lung benefits paid to beneficiaries. Black Lung amounts are reduced dollar for dollar, for other Black Lung related workers' compensation awards the...

  13. 75 FR 21351 - Division of Coal Mine Workers' Compensation; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... 1977, as amended (30 U.S.C. 901) and 20 CFR 725.535, require that DOL Black Lung benefit payments to a... amounts of Black Lung benefits paid to beneficiaries. Black Lung amounts are reduced dollar for dollar, for other Black Lung related workers' compensation awards the beneficiary may be receiving from State...

  14. Administrative waste in the U.S. health care system in 2003: the cost to the nation, the states, and the District of Columbia, with state-specific estimates of potential savings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Himmelstein, David U; Woolhandler, Steffie; Wolfe, Sidney M

    2004-01-01

    This report provides nationwide and state-specific estimates of U.S. health care administration spending and potential savings in 2003 were the United States to institute a Canadian-style national health insurance system. The United States wastes more on health care bureaucracy than it would cost to provide health care to all its uninsured. Administrative expenses will consume at least dollar 399.4 billion of a total health expenditure of dollar 1,660.5 billion in 2003. Streamlining administrative overhead to Canadian levels would save approximately dollar 286.0 billion in 2003, dollar 6,940 for each of the 41.2 million Americans who were uninsured as of 2001. This is substantially more than would be needed to provide full insurance coverage. The cost of excess health bureaucracy in individual states is equally striking. For example, Massachusetts, with 560,000 uninsured state residents, could save about dollar 8,556 million in 2003 (dollar 16,453 per uninsured resident of that state) if it streamlined administration to Canadian levels. New Mexico, with 373,000 uninsured, could save dollar 1,500 million on health bureaucracy (dollar 4,022 per uninsured resident). Only a single-payer national health insurance system could garner these massive administrative savings, allowing universal coverage without any increase in total health spending. Because incremental reforms necessarily preserve the current fragmented and duplicative payment structure, they cannot achieve significant bureaucratic savings.

  15. Real Cost-Benefit Analysis Is Needed in American Public Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoneberg, Bert D.

    2015-01-01

    Public school critics often point to rising expenditures and relatively flat test scores to justify their school reform agendas. The claims are flawed because their analyses fail to account for the difference in data types between dollars (ratio) and test scores (interval). A cost-benefit analysis using dollars as a common metric for both costs…

  16. 77 FR 54808 - Integrated Hedging Transactions of Qualifying Debt

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ..., futures contract, forward contract, option contract, notional principal contract, currency swap contract... rate nonfunctional currency denominated debt instrument that it has issued with two swaps--a nonfunctional currency/dollar currency swap and a fixed for floating dollar interest rate swap. The effect of...

  17. 78 FR 20947 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act (“CAA”)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... pay the sum of $1.5 million dollars cash, including interest, to the United States as a civil penalty and $1.5 million dollars cash, including interest, to the Commonwealth as a civil penalty. The... Decree upon written request and payment of reproduction costs. Please mail your request and payment to...

  18. The effect of European integration on exchange rate dependence: the Polish accession to the EU

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thiel, J.H.; van Giersbergen, N.P.A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the effect of the Polish accession to the European Union (EU) on the dependence between the euro-US dollar and Polish zloty-US dollar exchange rate. The dependence is estimated by means of copulas as suggested by Patton (2006). This approach allows to first specify and

  19. Relationship of mother and child food purchases as a function of price: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Leonard H; Dearing, Kelly K; Handley, Elizabeth A; Roemmich, James N; Paluch, Rocco A

    2006-07-01

    To our knowledge, there are no data on parental influences on child purchasing behavior of healthy or unhealthy foods. Mothers and children in ten families were given 5.00 US dollars to purchase portions of preferred fruits/vegetables and high energy-dense snack foods for each of ten trials of price manipulations. For five of the trials the price of the fruit/vegetable increased in price from 0.50 US dollars to 2.50 US dollars (in 0.50 US dollar increments), while the price of the energy-dense snack food remained constant at 1.00 US dollar. For the remaining five trials, the commodity that previously rose in price remained constant at 1.00 US dollars and the other commodity varied from 0.50 US dollars to 2.50 US dollars. Same-price elasticity was shown for both the child and parent purchases, and parent purchases were significantly related to child purchases of both healthy (regression estimate = 0.46, p snack food items were positively related to family socioeconomic status, and negatively related to child age. These results indicate that parental food choice and purchasing behaviors may play a role in the development of children's purchasing of both healthy and unhealthy foods.

  20. Overview of the Starkey Project: mule deer and elk research for management benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael J. Wisdom; Mary M. Rowland; Bruce K. Johnson; Brian L. Dick

    2004-01-01

    Managers have long been concerned about the welfare of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) and elk (Cervus elaphus) on public lands in the western United States. These two species generate millions of dollars annually to state wildlife agencies from sales of hunting licenses, and elk viewing generates millions of additional dollars...

  1. 78 FR 10265 - Pricing for the 2013 Commemorative Coin Programs-Silver and Clad Coin Options

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    .... SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing prices for the 2013 Girl Scouts of the USA Centennial Silver.... Introductory Product price Regular price 2013 Girl Scouts of the USA Centennial $54.95 $59.95 Proof Silver Dollar 2013 Girl Scouts of the USA Centennial 50.95 55.95 Uncirculated Silver Dollar 2013 5-Star Generals...

  2. 12 CFR 250.163 - Inapplicability of amount limitations to “ineligible acceptances.”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the legislative history surrounding the enactment of the acceptance provisions of section 13, reveals... authorizes member banks to make acceptances “for the purpose of furnishing dollar exchange as required by the usages of trade” in foreign transactions. (Such acceptances are referred to as “dollar exchange...

  3. 32 CFR 268.9 - Discussion of terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... arrearages of principal and interest. They shall be computed at the reporting rate prescribed by Treasury... principal payments or interest on short-term and long-term loans and credits. (b) Arrearage delinquency... or convention between sovereign states. (d) Dollar equivalents of foreign currency. Represents dollar...

  4. 40 CFR 280.105 - Local government financial test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., interfund obligations, amounts owed in a trust or agency capacity, and advances and contingent loans from... capacity. For purposes of this test, the calculation of total revenues shall exclude all transfers between... capacity. b. Subtract interfund transfers (dollars)______ c. Total Revenues (dollars)______ 2. Total...

  5. SCIENCE, POLITICS, AND PACIFIC NORTHWEST SALMON RECOVERY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Throughout the Pacific Northwest, since 1850, all wild salmon runs have declined and some have disappeared. Billions of dollars have been spent in a so-far failed attempt to reverse the long-term decline. Each year, hundreds of millions of dollars continue to be spent in variou...

  6. 7 CFR 1425.10 - Financial ratio requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Financial ratio requirement. 1425.10 Section 1425.10... Financial ratio requirement. To be financially able to make advances to their members and to market their commodities, CMA's shall have a current ratio of at least 1 dollar of current assets for each 1 dollar of...

  7. 41 CFR 109-27.5002 - Stores inventory turnover ratio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... turnover ratio. 109-27.5002 Section 109-27.5002 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property....5002 Stores inventory turnover ratio. Comparison of investment in stores inventories to annual issues... comparison may be expressed either as a turnover ratio (dollar value of issues divided by dollar value of...

  8. Food Costs...From Farm to Retail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunham, Denis

    This report focuses on food costs for 1985. Some of the information included in the report includes an analysis of food cost trends, percentages of the food dollar that goes to the farmer, and how much of the food dollar goes to food processors and marketers. Some of the highlights of the study are the following: (1) food prices rose slowly in…

  9. Paiton II financing locked up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-01

    The 2 x 610 MW Paiton II coal-fired independent power project in Indonesia became a reality last week with the completion of a 1.36 billion dollars commercial financing for the 1.65 billion dollar undertaking. Details of the financing are given. A table lists Indonesia`s independent power projects and their current status.

  10. American Opportunity Credit: Key to Education for Lower and Middle Income College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero, Robin; Tiggeman, Theresa; Edmond, Tracie

    2011-01-01

    The Tax Relief Act of 1997 created an important tax provision which helped taxpayers offset the cost of higher education. This provision was in the form of education tax credits. Because a tax credit is a dollar for dollar reduction in tax liability, these education credits were designed to reduce the amount of tax due for college students or…

  11. Cookies, Coleslaw, and Stoops : The Influence of Dutch on the North American Languages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sijs, van der Nicoline

    2009-01-01

    Van Santa Claus (Sinterklaas) en zijn slee (sleigh) tot aan de dollar (vernoemd naar de daalder) en Yankees (Jan Kees), de Nederlandse taal is van grote invloed geweest op het Amerikaans-Engels. Yankees, cookies en dollars laat zien hoe de Nederlandse erfenis tot ver buiten New York reikt en zelfs

  12. Transforming School Funding: A Guide to Implementing Student-Based Budgeting (SBB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, David; Gordon, Jeff; Hsu, Betty

    2014-01-01

    Student-Based Budgeting (sometimes called Weighted Student Funding, or Fair Student Funding, depending on the district) differs fundamentally from the traditional funding model, which distributes resources to schools in the form of staff and dollars designated for specific purposes. Student-Based Budgeting (SBB) allocates dollars to schools based…

  13. Sharpening the Arithmetic of Active Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lasse Heje

    2018-01-01

    I challenge William F. Sharpe's famous equality that "before costs, the return on the average actively managed dollar will equal the return on the average passively managed dollar." This equality is based on the implicit assumption that the market portfolio never changes, which does not hold....... Passive investing also plays a useful economic role: creating low-cost access to markets....

  14. 78 FR 42436 - Procedures To Establish Appropriate Minimum Block Sizes for Large Notional Off-Facility Swaps and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-16

    ... (ICE). Gold (COMEX and NYSE Liffe).. 2,500 troy oz. Goldman Sachs Commodity Index 5,000 times dollars... (NYMEX) 1,000 troy oz. PG&E Citygate Basis (ICE and 62,500 MMBtu. NYMEX). PJM Western Hub Real Time Off...). Platinum (NYMEX) 500 troy oz. Rainfall Index (CME)......... 10,000 times dollars. index. Rough Rice (CBOT...

  15. 76 FR 76907 - Small Business Investment Companies-Early Stage SBICs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-09

    ... dollars went to early stage or start-up businesses. Of the financings that went to early stage and start... went to early stage and start-up businesses not in those three states. SBA will seek to expand access...% decline from 2007. Less than a third of these financing dollars went to early stage or start-up businesses...

  16. 76 FR 38997 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Oregon; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-05

    ... dollars/dv cost effectiveness threshold of $10 million/dv based on what it considered the most relevant... such as a dollars/dv cost effectiveness threshold but rather on the full range of relevant factors. In... could also meet ODEQ's cost-effectiveness threshold, even if used for only a few years as in the case...

  17. 26 CFR 1.905-5T - Foreign tax redeterminations and currency translation rules for foreign tax redeterminations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the rate of exchange for the date of the payment of the foreign tax. Refunds of such taxes shall be translated into dollars at the rate of exchange for the date of the refund. (2) Foreign taxes deemed paid on... actual distribution and refunds of such taxes shall be translated into dollars at the rate of exchange...

  18. Measuring the Effectiveness of Lamb Advertising and Promotion: An Updated Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Capps, Oral, Jr.; Williams, Gary W.

    2006-01-01

    This report updates a previous tentative analysis of the effectiveness of the Lamb Checkoff Program in shifting out the demand for American lamb. The main conclusion is that program has resulted in roughly 8.4 additional pounds of total lamb consumption per dollar spent on advertising and promotion and $44.60 in additional lamb sales per dollar spent on advertising and promotion.

  19. Investigating Heuristic Evaluation: A Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Kate Haley; Bendoly, Laura

    When museum professionals speak of evaluating a web site, they primarily mean formative evaluation, and by that they primarily mean testing the usability of the site. In the for-profit world, usability testing is a multi-million dollar industry, while non-profits often rely on far too few dollars to do too much. Hence, heuristic evaluation is one…

  20. 75 FR 28665 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... securityholders' ownership of an issue of securities for which it performs transfer agent functions, including the... principal dollar amount of debt securities that the issuer has authorized to be outstanding (a ``control... maintain and keep current an accurate record of the number of shares or principal dollar amount of debt...

  1. Trends in business management strategies of major international oil companies; Kokusai sekiyu kigyo meja no keiei senryaku no doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kashio, H. [The Institute of Energy Economics, Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-07-01

    This paper summarizes the former half part of the analysis made on business strategies of major international oil companies. The net earning of R/D Shell in fiscal 1994 increased by 1.8 billion dollars to 6.3 billion dollars. Its loan rate decreased to 16.7%. It increased the crude oil production by 3% to 2.2 million B/D, and the natural gas production by 1.2% to 7.3 billion cfd. The upstream department had the net earning decreased by 23% to 2.4 billion dollars because of decline in crude oil price. The net earning of the downstream department showed an increase by 20% over that in the previous year to 3.2 billion dollars. The chemical department had its business turned to black ink. The net earning of Exxon in the same year decreased by 200 million dollars to 5.1 billion dollars due to the reduced crude oil price and low refining margin. The upstream and downstream departments showed a decrease of 530 million and 630 million dollars respectively. The chemical department had an increase of 130% to 950 million dollars as a result of the recovery in the European markets. The net earning of Mobile in the same year showed a decrease of 2.1 billion dollars, ending in the amount of 1.1 billion dollars. The decrease has been caused by the decline in crude oil and natural gas prices and a 30% reduction in the refining margin. The chemical department changed for the better, with improved sales margins in oil products sold in overseas markets. 28 figs.

  2. Implementation of the semi-aerobic landfill system (Fukuoka method) in developing countries: a Malaysia cost analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Theng Lee; Matsufuji, Yasushi; Hassan, Mohd Nasir

    2005-01-01

    Most of the existing solid waste landfill sites in developing countries are practicing either open dumping or controlled dumping. Proper sanitary landfill concepts are not fully implemented due to technological and financial constraints. Implementation of a fully engineered sanitary landfill is necessary and a more economically feasible landfill design is crucial, particularly for developing countries. This study was carried out by focusing on the economics from the development of a new landfill site within a natural clay area with no cost of synthetic liner up to 10 years after its closure by using the Fukuoka method semi-aerobic landfill system. The findings of the study show that for the development of a 15-ha landfill site in Malaysia with an estimated volume of 2,000,000 m(3), the capital investment required was about US 1,312,895 dollars, or about US 0.84 dollars/tonne of waste. Assuming that the lifespan of the landfill is 20 years, the total cost of operation was about US 11,132,536 dollars or US 7.15 dollars/tonne of waste. The closure cost of the landfill was estimated to be US 1,385,526 dollars or US 0.89 dollars/tonne of waste. Therefore, the total cost required to dispose of a tonne of waste at the semi-aerobic landfill was estimated to be US 8.89 dollars. By considering an average tipping fee of about US 7.89 dollars/tonne of waste in Malaysia in the first year, and an annual increase of 3% to about US 13.84 dollars in year-20, the overall system recorded a positive revenue of US 1,734,749 dollars. This is important information for the effort of privatisation of landfill sites in Malaysia, as well as in other developing countries, in order to secure efficient and effective landfill development and management.

  3. Medical therapy cost considerations for glaucoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiscella, Richard G; Green, Amy; Patuszynski, Daniel H; Wilensky, Jacob

    2003-07-01

    To determine the calculated daily patient cost (cost minimization) of medical glaucoma therapy and review cost trends. Experimental, controlled, prospective study. The actual volume of various glaucoma medications or glaucoma medications with redesigned bottles was determined for most commercially available sizes of the tested products. The drops per milliliter based on the actual volume and the daily costs of the dosage schedules recommended by the manufacturers were compared. The cost of each bottle of medication was determined from the average wholesale price (AWP) in the United States. A comparison to 1999 prices where applicable will be analyzed to review costing trends. The generic timolol products (range, US dollars 0.38-US dollars 0.46 per day) were similar on a cost per day basis vs Betimol (Santen, Napa Valley, California, USA), Optipranolol (Bausch and Lomb Pharmaceuticals, Tampa, Florida, USA) and Timoptic (Merck, West Point, Pennsylvania, USA). Their percentage cost increase ranged from 5% to 22% since 1999, except for generic timolol XE gel-forming solution (48%). Betagan (Allergan, Irvine, California, USA), Betoptic S (Alcon Laboratories, Fort Worth, Texas, USA), and Ocupress (Novartis, Duluth, Georgia, USA) ranged from US dollars 0.88 to US dollars 1.11 per day, and their percentage cost increase ranged from 33% to 53%. Some brand-only products have raised their AWPs a greater percentage, including Betoptic S (37%), Iopidine (Alcon, Fort Worth, Texas, USA) (50%), Ocupress (Novartis Ophthalmics, Duluth, Georgia, USA) (53%), and Pilopine gel (Alcon, Fort Worth, Texas, USA) (32%). The mean cost per day for the topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors Azopt (Alcon Laboratories; US dollars 1.33 per day) and Trusopt (Merck; US dollars 1.05 per day) differed from 1999 when prices were almost identical. Cosopt (Merck; timolol 0.5% plus dorzolamide 2%, US dollars 1.04 per day) was less than the cost of separate bottles of a topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor

  4. Optimal improvement of graphs related to nuclear safeguards problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jacobsen, S.E.

    1977-08-01

    This report develops the methodology for optimally improving graphs related to nuclear safeguards issues. In particular, given a fixed number of dollars, the report provides a method for optimally allocating such dollars over the arcs of a weighted graph (the weights vary as a function of dollars spent on arcs) so as to improve the system effectiveness measure which is the shortest of all shortest paths to several targets. Arc weights can be either clock times or detection probabilities and the algorithm does not explicitly consider all paths to the targets

  5. Dislocations in FX Swap and Money Markets in Hong Kong and Policy Actions during the Financial Crisis of 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Laurence Fung; Ip-wing Yu

    2009-01-01

    When US dollar interbank markets malfunctioned during the global financial crisis of 2008, many non-US financial institutions relied heavily on the foreign-exchange (FX) swap markets for US-dollar funds. This one-sided market induced a risk premium of the FX swap-implied US-dollar rate across a range of funding currencies, i.e. a deviation from the covered interest parity (CIP) condition. The turbulence in the global interbank markets therefore spilled over to the FX swap markets, including t...

  6. Ouyuan Tiaozhan Meiyuan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plaschke, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    of dollar.While the international role of the dollar is currently under scrutiny,the EU and its currency have not played any sort of proactive role.This paper dealt with the question of whether the euro is increasingly used in international transactions not only between Europe and the rest of the world...... but also in transactions between third-countries.That is the question of whether the euro may challenge the role of the dollar as the present main reserve currency in the international monetary system....

  7. Energy intensity: a new look

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khatib, H.

    1995-01-01

    Energy intensity is compared among different countries by dividing their energy use by their gross domestic product (GDP) in dollar terms. GDP (US$), being a varying monetary value, will have different meaning in different countries because of the varying means of converting it into dollars. Therefore distorted results of energy intensity are obtained. The newly devised concept of presenting GDP in terms of purchasing power parity in dollars (US PPP) goes a long way to solving this distortion. It also allows the energy intensity of developing countries to be presented in a more favourable way. (author)

  8. Managing prices for hospital pharmaceuticals: a successful strategy for New Zealand?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tordoff, June M; Norris, Pauline T; Reith, David M

    2005-01-01

    In 2002, as part of a National Hospital Pharmaceutical Strategy, the New Zealand (NZ) government agency PHARMAC commenced a 3-year period of negotiating prices for 90% of hospital pharmaceuticals on behalf of all NZ public hospitals. The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of this first year of "pooled procurement." Using price changes and volume data for each of their top 150 pharmaceutical items, chief pharmacists at 11 public hospitals calculated projected cost savings for the financial year July 2003 to June 2004. Researchers calculated total projected savings for all 11 hospitals, and for three types of hospitals. Estimates of projected savings were made for all 29 major public hospitals by using savings per bed and savings per bed-day. A sensitivity analysis was undertaken. Items showing savings were categorized by using the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification system. For the 11 hospitals, the top 150 items comprised 612 different items. Projected savings for 2003 to 2004 were NZ dollar 2,652,814, NZ dollar 658,984, and NZ dollar 127,952 for tertiary, secondary, and rural/special hospitals, respectively. Percentage savings as a median (range) of the total top 150 expenditure were: tertiary 5.28% (3.09-16.05%), secondary 7.41% (4.67-12.85%), and rural/special 9.55% (6.27-10.09%). For all 29 hospitals, estimated projected savings were NZ dollar 5,234,919 (NZ dollar 3,304,606-NZ dollar 8,044,482) by savings per bed, and NZ dollar 5,255,781 (NZ dollar 2,936,850-NZ dollar 8,693,239) by savings per bed-day. The main contributors to savings were: agents for infections, the nervous system, musculoskeletal system, and blood/blood-forming organs. The first year of pooled procurement under the National Hospital Pharmaceutical Strategy (2002-2003) has resulted in moderate savings. For all 29 major public hospitals, savings of around NZ dollar 5.2 million (dollar 2.9 million-dollar 8.7 million) or 3.7% were projected for 2003 to 2004. Longer

  9. Exchange rate rebounds after foreign exchange market interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoshikawa, Takeshi

    2017-03-01

    This study examined the rebounds in the exchange rate after foreign exchange intervention. When intervention is strongly effective, the exchange rate rebounds at next day. The effect of intervention is reduced slightly by the rebound after the intervention. The exchange rate might have been 67.12-77.47 yen to a US dollar without yen-selling/dollar-purchasing intervention of 74,691,100 million yen implemented by the Japanese government since 1991, in comparison to the actual exchange rate was 103.19 yen to the US dollar at the end of March 2014.

  10. Fluctuation Dynamics of Exchange Rates on Indian Financial Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, A.; Barat, P.

    Here we investigate the scaling behavior and the complexity of the average daily exchange rate returns of the Indian Rupee against four foreign currencies namely US Dollar, Euro, Great Britain Pound and Japanese Yen. Our analysis revealed that the average daily exchange rate return of the Indian Rupee against the US Dollar exhibits a persistent scaling behavior and follow Levy stable distribution. On the contrary the average daily exchange rate returns of the other three foreign currencies show randomness and follow Gaussian distribution. Moreover, it is seen that the complexity of the average daily exchange rate return of the Indian Rupee against US Dollar is less than the other three exchange rate returns.

  11. Common factors and the exchange rate: results from the Brazilian case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Rafael de Oliveira Felício

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the usefulness of factor models in explaining the dynamics of the exchange rate Real / Dollar from January 1999 to August 2011. The paper verifies that the inclusion of factors embedded on the common movements of exchange rates of a set of countries significantly improves the in-sample and out-of-sample predictive power of the models comprising only macroeconomic fundamentals commonly used in the literature to forecast the exchange rate. The paper also links the information contained in the factors to global shocks like the demand for dollars - a "dollar effect", volatility and liquidity of global financial markets.

  12. Green technologies for reducing slope erosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    As climate change alters precipitation patterns, departments of transportation will increasingly face the problem of : slope failures, which already cost California millions of dollars in repair work annually. Caltrans hopes to prevent : these failur...

  13. Budget Options

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2001-01-01

    ... (including the off-budget Social Security trust funds) to $281 billion. That surplus would be the largest in history in nominal dollars and the largest since 1948 as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP...

  14. Development of an Analysis Tool for Evaluation of Marginal Impacts of Freeway Incidents in the Las Vegas Area Using FAST’s Dashboard Freeway Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-21

    Incidents are a major source of non-recurring congestion on freeways. In addition to costing millions of dollars in the loss of life, injuries and property damage, traffic incidents also cause additional losses due to the resulting traffic congestion...

  15. Eliminating Anticompetitive Market Distortions Through The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

    OpenAIRE

    Shanker Singham

    2013-01-01

    A U.S.-EU trade agreement that truly eliminated these anticompetitive distortions would generate trillions of dollars of new wealth in the global economy. Shanker A. Singham (Squire Sanders & Roundtable on Trade and Competition)

  16. 77 FR 15052 - National Ocean Council-National Ocean Policy Draft Implementation Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    ... charge for Federal agencies to implement the National Ocean Policy, the National Ocean Council developed... dollars a year to the national economy, and are essential to public health and national security. Next...

  17. Identification of Strategies to Leverage Public and Private Resources for National Security Workforce Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-02-01

    This report documents the identification of strategies to leverage public and private resources for the development of an adequate national security workforce as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP).There are numerous efforts across the United States to develop a properly skilled and trained national security workforce. Some of these efforts are the result of the leveraging of public and private dollars. As budget dollars decrease and the demand for a properly skilled and trained national security workforce increases, it will become even more important to leverage every education and training dollar. The leveraging of dollars serves many purposes. These include increasing the amount of training that can be delivered and therefore increasing the number of people reached, increasing the number and quality of public/private partnerships, and increasing the number of businesses that are involved in the training of their future workforce.

  18. 19 CFR 24.16 - Overtime services; overtime compensation and premium pay for Customs Officers; rate of compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... AND ACCOUNTING PROCEDURE § 24.16 Overtime services; overtime compensation and premium pay for Customs... during his/her career with the Customs Service. If the dollar value of the average yearly number of...

  19. Marketing the Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragon, Andrea C.

    1979-01-01

    Describes the positive action using marketing strategies that libraries must take to capture their share of the post-Proposition 13 tax dollar. Strategies discussed relate to price, product, promotion, and place. (JD)

  20. 78 FR 38946 - National Conference on Weights and Measures 98th Annual Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ... variety of commodities (e.g., coal, grains, and chemicals) totaling billions of dollars each year. The... propellant is not expelled with the product when the valve is activated. BOV packaging has been in the...

  1. 78 FR 290 - National Conference on Weights and Measures 98th Interim Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-03

    ... (e.g., coal, grains and chemicals) totaling billions of dollars each year. The intent of this... valve is activated. BOV packaging has been in the marketplace for many years and is used to sell the...

  2. Ecuador's Presidential Election: Background on Economic Issues

    OpenAIRE

    Mark Weisbrot; Luis Sandoval; Belén Cadena

    2006-01-01

    This paper looks at the biggest economic challenges that Ecuador's new president will need to address, and examines its recent economic history, including the issues of growth, dollarization, and international trade and finance.

  3. Tactical Aircraft. DOD Needs a Joint and Integrated Investment Strategy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2007-01-01

    .... DOD has already incurred substantial cost and schedule overruns in its acquisition of new systems, and further delays could require billions of dollars in additional investments to keep legacy...

  4. Determinants of the property damage costs of tanker accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Talley, W.K.

    1999-01-01

    This study investigates determinants of the vessel, oil cargo spillage, and other-property damage costs of tanker accidents. Tobit estimation of a three-equation recursive model suggests that, among types of tanker accidents, fire/explosion accidents incur the largest vessel damage costs, but the smallest oil cargo spillage costs. Alternatively, grounding accidents incur the smallest vessel damage costs, but the largest oil cargo spillage costs, reflecting the difficulty of controlling oil cargo spillage subsequent to such accidents. Also, oil cargo spillage costs are lower for US flag tanker accidents. A dollar of vessel damage cost increases other-property damage cost by 0.06 dollars, whereas a dollar of oil cargo spillage increases this cost by 1.55 dollars

  5. Army Roof Management and Improvement Opportunities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bailey, David

    1999-01-01

    ... - about $200 million annually. Systemic, integrated solutions offer the Army a great opportunity to save millions of dollars annually in repair and replacement costs, and to avoid incidental costs incurred due to interrupted...

  6. Collision course with reality

    CERN Multimedia

    Cho, A

    2003-01-01

    "Particle physicists around the world have given themselves a year to settle on a design for a 6 billion dollar particle smasher. But can they disentangle the technology from hthe politics?" (2 pages).

  7. US seeks major Japanese role in supercollider

    CERN Multimedia

    Cross, M

    1990-01-01

    Japan is considering an offer to join the team building the SSC in Texas. The USA is hoping to raise 8 billion dollars, approximately a third of the money it needs to build the accelerator (1/2 page).

  8. National Environmental Leadership Award in Asthma Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Asthma Awards recognizes health plans, healthcare providers and communities in action that demonstrate an environmental component to address asthma triggers, collaborate with others and save healthcare dollars with their programming.

  9. WILDLAND FIRE MANAGEMENT: Improved Planning Will Help Agencies Better Identify Fire-Fighting Preparedness Needs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hill, Barry

    2002-01-01

    Each year, wildland fires on federal lands burn millions of acres of forests, grasslands, and desert, and federal land management agencies expend hundreds of millions of dollars to fight these fires...

  10. Resourcing Army Transformation: Solid Plan or House of Cards?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Brimberry, Darrell

    2007-01-01

    .... We are also an army that is embarking on a monumental transformation effort. This ambitious plan to modernize and reorganize the force will take 30 plus years and over 210 billion dollars to complete...

  11. The Case for Gold Revisited: A Safe Haven Or A Hedge ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudi Apak

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to analyze the relation among gold prices and other macroeconomic and financial variables and addresses the question whether gold is a safe haven or a hedge for investors. The study investigates the relationship by using an econometric analysis for top gold exporter and importer countries, for a sample period of 11 years from 2000 to 2011. The results are twofold (i return of silver, USD returns and change in the volatility index influences gold returns positively whereas, Swiss Franc and Canadian Dollar returns influence gold returns negatively regardless of presence of the 2008 crisis. (ii In times of stress, our findings indicate that Swiss Franc, Norwegian Krone and Canadian Dollar function as haven whereas, on average, Swiss Franc, Canadian Dollar and 10 year US treasuries function as a hedge against gold but the results show no evidence for the US dollar.  

  12. User's guide : pavement marking management system database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    Pavement markings play a critical role in maintaining a safe and efficient driving environment for road users, especially during nighttime conditions. The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) spends millions of dollars each year for installatio...

  13. Air Traffic Control: Observations on FAA's Air Traffic Control Modernization Program

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1999-01-01

    In 1981, FAA began a multibillion-dollar modernization effort to improve the safety, capacity, and efficiency of this system to meet the increasing demand for air traffic services and to replace aging equipment...

  14. End of the Ebola virus outbreak: time to reinforce the African health ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2016-03-24

    Mar 24, 2016 ... support) and financial assistance to the tune of billions of dollars. Response to the ... the virus which lead the World Health Organization (WHO) on 29 ... following three areas: 1) Prevention, 2) Response of major disease.

  15. Trends in federal and state highway investment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-06-18

    In response to Congressional request the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) reviewed data from Federal Highway Administration 's Highway Statistics for the period from 1982 through 2001, adjusting expenditures to 2001 dollars to (1) identify overal...

  16. Higher Education ERP: Lessons Learned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swartz, Dave; Orgill, Ken

    2001-01-01

    Shares experiences and lessons learned by chief information officers of large universities about enterprise resource planning (ERP). Specifically, provides a framework for approaching an ERP that could save universities millions of dollars. (EV)

  17. FEDERAL REAL PROPERTY: Better Governmentwide Data Needed for Strategic Decisionmaking

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2002-01-01

    ...) worldwide inventory of federal real property. According to GSAs fiscal year 2000 worldwide inventory report on owned property, over 30 federal agencies own hundreds of thousands of real property assets worth hundreds of billions of dollars...

  18. Defense Contracting: Use of Undefinitized Contract Actions Understand and Definitization Time Frames Often Not Met

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2007-01-01

    ...), which authorize contractors to begin work before reaching a final agreement on contract terms. The contractor has little incentive to control costs during this period, creating a potential for wasted taxpayer dollars...

  19. Concept Note General Guidelines - English

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    NCDP

    Total amount of funding requested in local currency (preferred) or Canadian dollars. • Duraon of ... The following format may be used: Total budget ... maximum length of up to 5 pages (not including the cover page, reference list and annexes).

  20. Ethiopian Veterinary Journal: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Under this section, briefly state the materials used, the selection of study ... In such a list the authors' names are presented in alphabetical order and then ... the preferred currency to use is Birr, with exchange rates indicated in US Dollar.