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Sample records for dobrowiecki johan schoukens

  1. Johan Blouw (1968 - 2016)

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    We deeply mourn the untimely departure of our dear friend and colleague Johan Blouw, who unexpectedly passed away on Monday, September 5, 2016, leaving behind a wife and three children.   After a PhD thesis with the HERMES experiment and a postdoc position with BaBar, Johan joined LHCb in 2003, where his excellent background in computing was of great help in the efforts to launch the then nascent field of Grid-computing. In addition, as a member of the LHCb Silicon Tracker project, he contributed to the R&D efforts and the construction of the LHCb silicon strip detectors. After the completion of the detector, Johan moved on to work on the alignment of the tracking system, and recently became a central player in the growing LHCb ion physics programme, analysing Run 1 proton-lead data and contributing in making the Run 2 ion-ion and fixed-target plans a reality. In July this year, he left the group at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics to join a software company in Heidelberg. All who...

  2. Johan Dieperink (1940 - 2015)

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    We were deeply saddened to learn of the death of our former colleague and friend, Johan Dieperink, on 28 August, at the age of 75.   Han arrived at CERN in 1969, hired as an electronics technician to work on the data acquisition system for the “Charpak” multiwire chambers. In the 1970s, Han joined the SPS Beam Instrumentation Group and participated in the development of an analog acquisition system for the SEM type beam monitors used in the beam transfer lines towards the North and West experimental areas. In the 1980s, he joined the Beam Transfer Group, working on the development, construction and operation of the low-level control system for the LEP’s beam separation system and on the modernisation of the control system for the SPS extraction channels. In the 1990s, Han devoted himself to the design study for the control system for the LHC beam extraction system. Many of the ideas and suggestions that Han put forward in the course of these studies are now a reality...

  3. Võidufilm on happy / Johan Palmgren ; interv. Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palmgren, Johan

    2004-01-01

    Lõppes Pärnu 18. dokumentaal- ja antropoloogiafilmide festival - võitjaks tuli noorte rootslaste Johan Palmgreni ja Asa Blanchi film "Ebba ja Torgny ehk Armastuse imelised teed". Lisaks "Pärnu festivali auhindu"

  4. On the record: Interview with Major General Johan Jooste (Retired ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Major General Johan Jooste (Ret) heads the unit. Critical voices have questioned the efficacy of the anti-poaching strategy, suggesting that park authorities are waging a 'war on poaching' with unintended long-term consequences for protected areas management and community relations.1 Scholars have argued that ...

  5. The Sound of South Africa: Johan Vlok Louw's Karoo Dusk ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article examines the choices some South African authors have recently made as regards the setting and style of their writing, and the implications of these choices. It looks in some detail at Johan Vlok Louw's Karoo Dusk (2014), and concludes with a brief look at Steven Boykey Sidley's latest novel, Free Association ...

  6. Viljandi lossimägedes kõrgub Johan Laidoneri ratsamonument / Vello Jaska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaska, Vello, 1949-

    2004-01-01

    22. juunil avati Viljandi lossimäe nõlvale püstitatud kindral Johan laidoneri ratsamonument. Avamisel viibisid ka president Arnold Rüütel, peaminister Juhan Parts, kaitseminister Margus Hanson, kaitseväe juhataja Tarmo Kõuts, Viljandi linnapea Malle Vahtra ja Kindral Johan laidoneri seltsi esimees Trivimi Velliste, sõjaväeatasheed ja paljud teised ametlikud isikud. Kommenteerib Kindral Johan laidoneri Seltsi rajaja ja auesimees Rein Randveer

  7. Teoría de Conflictos de Johan Galtung

    OpenAIRE

    Percy Calderón Concha

    2009-01-01

    El presente trabajo recoge la investigación realizada en torno a la teoría de conflictos del sociólogo y matemático noruego Johan Galtung. Muchos teóricos afirman que la obra de Galtung representa de por sí sola el 50% de los estudios para la paz. Sus importantes aportes para una epistemología de la paz lo colocan como el punto de referencia más importante en este nuevo campo del conocimiento.Nos acercamos analítica y críticamente a su teoría de conflictos, pero sin prescindir de otros temas ...

  8. Johan Kõpu pärand on mitmekülgne / Peep Pillak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pillak, Peep

    2008-01-01

    rets. rmt.: Rohtmets, Priit. Rektor Johan Kõpp / toimetaja Mart Orav; resümeede tõlge: saksa keelde Reet Bender, inglise keelde Saskia Kangro, vene keelde A & A Lingua; kujundus Kalle Toompere. Tallinn : Aasta Raamat, 2007. 144 lk.

  9. On nähtud nähtamatut = The Invisible has been seen / Johan Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Johan

    2014-01-01

    XIV Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaali peateemaks on "Põhitõed: modernsuse omaksvõtt 1914-2014". Johanna Jõekalda, Johan Tali ja Siim Tuksami kureeritud Eesti ekspositsioon "Vaba ruum" keskendub selle raames kaasaegse avaliku ruumi kirjeldamisele

  10. Mis võiks olla ühist Johan Laidoneril ja Ingmar Bergmanil / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2008-01-01

    Laretei, Käbi. Kuhu kadus kõik see armastus? : Ingmari kirjad Käbile / tõlge rootsi keelest Anu Saluäär. Tallinn : SE&JS, 2008 ; Laidoner, Johan. Ühtekuuluvuse teel : Johan Laidoneri kirjad abikaasale / koostanud [ja toimetanud] Irene Lään ja Toomas Hiio ; vene keelest tõlkinud Jüri Ojamaa. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008

  11. Teoría de Conflictos de Johan Galtung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Percy Calderón Concha

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo recoge la investigación realizada en torno a la teoría de conflictos del sociólogo y matemático noruego Johan Galtung. Muchos teóricos afirman que la obra de Galtung representa de por sí sola el 50% de los estudios para la paz. Sus importantes aportes para una epistemología de la paz lo colocan como el punto de referencia más importante en este nuevo campo del conocimiento.Nos acercamos analítica y críticamente a su teoría de conflictos, pero sin prescindir de otros temas a los que necesariamente esta vinculado en este gran corpus teórico de su producción. Así, mientras escudriñamos en las lógicas racionales que están detrás de la teoría de conflictos, este nos va sirviendo al mismo tiempo de clave de lectura de la teoría de la paz, de la violencia y del desarrollo.

  12. 'On Light and Sound'. Johan Huizinga and nineteenth-century Linguistics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordegraaf, J.

    1996-01-01

    Not many of his admirers are aware of the fact that the great Dutch historian Johan Huizinga (1872-1945), whose works include The Waning of the Middle Ages, was originally a linguist. As a student, he wanted to follow a career in oriental studies and comparative linguistics. In 1896, he sought to

  13. [Johan Eellend. Cultivating the Rural Citizen : Modernity, Agrarianism and Citizenship in Late Tsarist Estonia] / Kersti Lust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lust, Kersti, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Eellend, Johan. Cultivating the Rural Citizien : Modernity, Agrarianism and Citizenship in Late Tsarist Estonia. Stockholm : Stockholm Universty, 2007. Eesti agraarideoloogia kujunemist ja olemust käsitlevast dissertatsioonist. Tegemist on Eesti ühiskondliku mõtte voolude ja nende mõjuulatuse tavapärasest erineva nägemusega

  14. Teologie as werklikheidsverstaan – anders dink, anders doen: Aantekeninge oor die teologie van Johan Buitendag

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andries G. van Aarde

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Theology as understanding reality – thinking differently, acting differently: Notes about the theology of Johan Buitendag. The article investigates the theological contours delineated from the publications of the systematic theologian Johan Buitendag. His theology represents a relational integrity of ontology, epistemology and ethics. It can be characterised as an existential ecotheology. In the introduction this rhizome (epistemological metaphor borrowed from Giles Deleuze and Félix Guattari existence in Buitendag’s theology is discussed. The article consists of nine sections: the hermeneutical circle as introduction; the polemic attitude of Karl Barth with regard to a theologia naturalis; understanding the notion paradigm; being church as a relational event; engaged epistemology; existential theo-anthropology and ecotheology; existential ecclesiology; existential engagement; and an autobiographical reflection.

  15. Conflicts in the XXI Centure. Interview with Professor Johan Galtung (Norway)

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Mikhailovna Savicheva

    2016-01-01

    Johan Galtung, professor of Peace Studies, was born in 1930 in Oslo, Norway. He is a mathematician, sociologist, political scientist and the founder of the discipline of Peace Studies. He founded the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO, 1959), the world's first academic research center focused on Peace Studies, as well as the influential Journal of Peace Research (1964). He has helped to found dozens of other peace centers around the world. He is currently the president of the ...

  16. CONFLICTS IN THE XXI CENTURY. INTERVIEW WITH PROFESSOR JOHAN GALTUNG (NORWAY)

    OpenAIRE

    SAVICHEVA ELENA MIKHAILOVNA

    2016-01-01

    Johan Galtung, professor of Peace Studies, was born in 1930 in Oslo, Norway. He is a mathematician, sociologist, political scientist and the founder of the discipline of Peace Studies. He founded the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO, 1959), the world's first academic research center focused on Peace Studies, as well as the influential Journal of Peace Research (1964). He has helped to found dozens of other peace centers around the world. He is currently the president of the ...

  17. Johan Galtung, el devenir Histórico como proyecto existencial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Percy Calderón Concha

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available El 2009 recordamos los 50 años de la creación del International Peace Research Istitute of Oslo (IPRIO a iniciativa del matemático y sociólogo noruego Johan Galtung. A distancia de 5 décadas de este primer esfuerzo a nivel mundial, orientado a investigar científicamente la paz, vemos que los resultados son simplemente espectaculares: Cen- tros de investigación dedicados a la paz, facultades, cursos universitarios, movimientos sociales, etc. que piensan, hablan y buscan construir la paz, con una minuciosidad y rigurosidad científica. Son 5 décadas en las que Johan Galtung ha continuado produciendo prolíficamente aportando decididamente a este nuevo campo del conocimiento que reclama su espacio en el campo del saber. Su teorías e metodologías, se han convertido en puntos ineludibles (para criticarlos o para tomarlos como referencia en el campo de la Peace Research. El interés por la paz nace en él como el producto de un devenir de acontecimientos históricos, frente a los cuales se confronta, se deja interpelar y los hace su proyecto existencial. De ahí sus motivaciones y sus opciones; de ahí lo interesante de conocer también su proceso e historia personal.

  18. Playing after Auschwitz. The case of Primo Levi and Johan Huizinga’s Homo Ludens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Vandewaetere

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Il gioco dopo Auschwitz. Alcuni testi di Primo Levi riletti alla luce dell’Homo Ludens di Johan Huizinga Lo scrittore Primo Levi (1919-1987 non ha mai menzionato esplicitamente lo storico olandese Johan Huizinga (1872-1945 nei suoi testi e gli archivi leviani per ora non permettono di stabilire esattamente quanto Levi avesse familiarità con i testi di Huizinga. Ciononostante i due pensatori sono chiaramente legati dal tema del gioco, tema prediletto di Levi che ha attirato l’attenzione dei critici letterari e oggetto di studio del famoso Homo Ludens di Huizinga del 1938, indagine del mondo del gioco come origine di tutta la cultura.Il presente articolo vuole indagare se l’interesse condiviso per il gioco superi la pura coincidenza tematica. Cerchiamo la risposta nel modo in cui il gioco è presente nell’opera leviana come segnale di civilizzazione, idea fondamentale anche nel testo di Huizinga, attraverso un percorso lungo alcuni testi chiave dell’autore torinese. Anche se Levi e Huizinga non si sono mai incontrati, le loro idee sul gioco sembrano nascere da una comune visione di fondo.

  19. A Future Education for Peace and World Development: The True World of Johan Galtung and Educational Reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolman, David C.

    A study analyzed the educational thoughts of Johan Galtung, a Norwegian social scientist, internationally respected as an educator, researcher, and political theorist. Galtung's interests in education are focused on the socio-structural role which schools perform in societies at different stages of development. An attempt was made to measure the…

  20. The Collaborative Dimension of Johan Gunnar Andersson’s Search for a Western Origin of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perry Johansson

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The Swedish geologist Johan Gunnar Andersson, well known for discovering the first Stone Age culture in China, was for a long time criticized for trying to establish a ‘Western origin’ for his Yangshao finds. Not much has been written on how he went about to prove this theory and no composite account exists on what role other, mainly Swedish, scholars played in his project. This article aims to address this lacuna, outlining how geographer Sven Hedin, collector Orvar Karlbeck, as well as archaeologists Olov Janse and Ture J. Arne came to be engaged in the search for a Neolithic ‘Eurasian Highway’. Relying on Swedish archives the article will also shed light on the lead up to the Yangshao discovery and the aura of secrecy Andersson shrouded his later activities in China in.

  1. Johan de Boose, Het geluk van Rusland. Reis naar het eenzaamste volk op aarde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Metz

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Ces dernières années Johan de Boose, slaviste, poète et romancier, a publié plusieurs livres retraçant ses expéditions en Europe centrale et orientale. Son dernier ouvrage, consacré à la Russie, peut être perçu comme l’apogée de ses récits de voyage. Il y dresse un bilan à la fois élaboré et très personnel de ses rencontres avec la Russie et ses habitants au cours des trois dernières décennies.Het geluk van Rusland (Le bonheur de la Russie appartient au genre du « voyage sentimental » : à l’...

  2. A comet of the enlightenment Anders Johan Lexell's life and discoveries

    CERN Document Server

    Stén, Johan C -E

    2014-01-01

    The Finnish mathematician and astronomer Anders Johan Lexell (1740–1784) was a long-time close collaborator as well as the academic successor of Leonhard Euler at the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg. Lexell was initially invited by Euler from his native town of Abo (Turku) in Finland to Saint Petersburg to assist in the mathematical processing of the astronomical data of the forthcoming transit of Venus of 1769. A few years later he became an ordinary member of the Academy. This is the first-ever full-length biography devoted to Lexell and his prolific scientific output. His rich correspondence especially from his grand tour to Germany, France and England reveals him as a lucid observer of the intellectual landscape of enlightened Europe. In the skies, a comet, a minor planet and a crater on the Moon named after Lexell also perpetuate his memory.

  3. "Interspace" ("Vaba ruum") : Eesti paviljon 14. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil = Interspace : Estonian pavilion at the 14th Venice Architecture biennial / Johanna Jõekalda, Johan Tali, Siim Tuksam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõekalda, Johanna, 1990-

    2015-01-01

    14. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaal 7. juunist kuni 23. novembrini 2014, peakuraator Rem Koolhaas. Eesti paviljoni ekspositsioon "Vaba ruum", kuraatorid Johanna Jõekalda, Johan Tali, Siim Tuksam. 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  4. Conflicts in the XXI Centure. Interview with Professor Johan Galtung (Norway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Mikhailovna Savicheva

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Johan Galtung, professor of Peace Studies, was born in 1930 in Oslo, Norway. He is a mathematician, sociologist, political scientist and the founder of the discipline of Peace Studies. He founded the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO, 1959, the world's first academic research center focused on Peace Studies, as well as the influential Journal of Peace Research (1964. He has helped to found dozens of other peace centers around the world. He is currently the president of the Galtung-Institute for Peace Theory & Peace Practice. He has mediated in over 150 conflicts between states, nations, religions, civilizations, communities, and persons since 1957. His contributions to peace theory and practice include conceptualization of peace-building, conflict mediation, reconciliation, nonviolence, theory of structural violence, theorizing about negative vs. positive peace, peace education and peace journalism. In his interview, he speaks about today’s conflicts, the sources of cultural violence and the golden rule of mediation. He also touches the problem of regional security in Europe and Asia, development of Peace Studies and the greatest challenges facing the world today.

  5. Habitat, emosie en ’n eko-teologiese verstaan van menswees: In gesprek met Johan Buitendag

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniël P. Veldsman

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Habitat, emotion and an eco-theological understanding of humanity: In conversation with Johan Buitendag. The question on what his viewpoint of an eco-theological understanding of life entails is firstly posed in conversation with the South African systematic theologian Johan Buitendag. His standpoint, in which he argues for the constitutive significance of habitat against the background of the philosophical, biological and theological contours of descriptions of what life is, is set forth. He suggests that human life should be described with regard to habitat in its constitutive significance and subsequently in regard to a value system, and concludes that human life as homo religiosus must be understood from an eco-theological viewpoint as ontologically extended (‘ontologies uitgebreid’. His eco-theological viewpoint is secondly taken up in an explication of the sense making of human life by humans, determined and shaped by their biological roots in their habitat. Lastly the affective-cognitive dimension of being human with specific emphasis on affectivity is expounded as representing the embodiment of the logic of survival of personhood in their habitat.

  6. The rise of the country house in the Dutch Republic : Beyond Johan Huizinga's narrative of Dutch civilisation in the 17th century

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, Yme; Stobart, Jon; Hann, Andrew

    Was the rise of the country house in the Golden Age of the Dutch Republic above all a 'bourgeois' phenomenon, as Johan Huizinga argued in his famous long essay on Dutch civilisation in the seventeenth century. The article shows that not only the merchants and regents of the city of Amsterdam but

  7. Colonial careers : Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen, Rijckloff Volckertsz. van Goens and career-making in the Seventeenth-Century Dutch Empire

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Odegard, E.L.L.

    2018-01-01

    How could an individual attain high rank in the Seventeenth-Century Dutch colonial empire and once appointed, how could one retain high office? This dissertation seeks to answer these questions by means of a detailed case-study of the careers of two colonial governors: Johan Maurits van

  8. Ühe maketinäituse lugu / Alvin Järving, Larissa Kondina, Johan Tali ...[jt.] ; üles kirjutanud Maris Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Näitus "Viini Eksiilid. Helisev arhitektuur" kinos Helios 10-18.09.2011 Tallinna arhitektuuribiennaali raames. Näitusel osalevad arhitektid Alvin Järving, Larissa Kondina, Joanna-Maria Helinurm, Johan Tali, Kadri Kerge, Kadri Tamre, Siim Tuksam ja Sille Pihlak, kes on äsja lõpetanud või õpivad Viini Rakenduskunsti Ülikooli (Universität für Angewandte Kunst Wien) arhitektuurikoolis. Näitusel osalejate mõtteid

  9. Entrevista a johan galtung. construyamos paz y democracia en américa latina: aportes a su debate y concreción

    OpenAIRE

    Roa Suárez, Hernando

    2012-01-01

    En esta entrevista al profesor Johan Galtung, realizada en el 2011, se abordan temas vinculados a la evolución de aspectos estructurales de la América Latina en los últimos cuatro decenios. Desde enfoques y perspectivas vinculados a la construcción de la paz y la democracia en América Latina, el profesor Galtung responde a diversos interrogantes  sobre el mundo contemporáneo.

  10. Een zwart kleed van schuld. Zoeken naar de herinnering aan Johan van Oldenbarnevelt in een digitaal Dagverhaal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lieke van Deinsen

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false NL X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:Standaardtabel; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} The large-scale digitisation of early modern Dutch texts has proved to be a controversial enterprise: despite its ambitious scope, the project’s efficacy has met with widespread criticism. This article attempts to assess the methodological advantages and drawbacks of mass digitisation by combing the Dagverhaal, a late eighteenth-century periodical detailing the proceedings of the National Assembly of the Batavian Republic, for strategic invocations of Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, the eminent Dutch states-man who had been executed eighty years earlier.

  11. The concepts of peace and cultural violence: contributions and limits of Johan Galtung´s work for the analysis of violent conflicts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Tavares Paes Lopes

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I aim to analyze the contributions and limits of the concepts of peace and violence proposed by Johan Galtung for the study of violent conflicts. In doing so, I try to emphasize not only their advantages and disadvantages, but also reformulate them in a way that they don´t loose their original meanings. More specifically, I argue that instead of using the concepts of cultural violence and cultural peace, we should use the expressions “meaning in the service of violence” and “meaning in the service of peace”.

  12. Os conceitos de paz e violência cultural: Contribuições e limites da obra de Johan Galtung para a análise de conflitos violentos The concepts of peace and cultural violence: contributions and limits of Johan Galtung´s work for the analysis of violent conflicts Los conceptos de paz y violencia cultural: aportes y límites de la obra de Johan Galtung para el análisis de los conflictos violentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Tavares Paes Lopes

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, objetivo analisar as contribuições e limites dos conceitos de paz e violência cultural propostos por Johan Galtung para o estudo de conflitos violentos. Ao realizar tal análise, busco não apenas realçar suas vantagens e desvantagens, mas, também, reformulá-los de tal modo que não percam muito de seus sentidos originais e, ao mesmo tempo, escapem de algumas limitações teóricas iniciais. Mais exatamente, argumento em favor da substituição dos conceitos de violência e paz cultural por “o sentido a serviço da violência” e “o sentido a serviço da paz”, respectivamente.In this paper, I aim to analyze the contributions and limits of the concepts of peace and violence proposed by Johan Galtung for the study of violent conflicts. In doing so, I try to emphasize not only their advantages and disadvantages, but also reformulate them in a way that they don´t loose their original meanings. More specifically, I argue that instead of using the concepts of cultural violence and cultural peace, we should use the expressions “meaning in the service of violence” and “meaning in the service of peace”.

  13. Contestation of ‘the holy places in the Zimbabwean Religious Landscape’: A study of the Johane Masowe Chishanu yeNyenyedzi Church’s sacred places

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillip Musoni

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Places that are regarded as holy are highly esteemed in most religious institutions. Such places are revered because they denote the converging points of human beings and the divine. The fundamental questions addressed in this study are: what makes a place holy? Do Christians share sacred places with other religious groups? The study theorises that the Johane Masowe Chishanu yeNyenyedzi Church has forcefully appropriated most of the African indigenous scared places such as hills, shades and dams for all-night prayers and water baptisms. The researcher has selected two indigenous religious shrines; Chivavarira hill and Gonawapotera pool of Chirumhanzu located in the Midlands Province of Zimbabwe. The two shrines are regarded by the indigenes as renowned and sacred. This study analyses and thereto seeks to decode deeper on what makes the Johane Masowe Chishanu yeNyenyedzi Church to enthusiastically appropriate most of the African indigenous shrines and, to some extent, turn them to be their shrines. It is this insight which makes the two shrines to be contested places, especially as perceived from both the indigenes and Christian perspectives. Therefore, this study is a contemporary issue that constitutes the focus of the present concerns. Accordingly, in order to archive the intended goal, this research study relies heavily on participant observation and interviews for data collection, since there is hardly documentation readily available about the Masowe yeNyenyedzi Church in Zimbabwe.

  14. [Johan Engström. Revals Befästningsdhistoria sedd utifrån en maquett från 1682. Statens försvarshistoriska museer 2011. Skrift nr 17. ] / Ragnar Nurk, Robert Treufeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurk, Ragnar

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Johan Engström. Revals Befästningsdhistoria sedd utifrån en maquett från 1682. Statens försvarshistoriska museer 2011. Skrift nr 17. 2011. Rootsi-aegsestest kindlustustest. Hilisema perioodi kindlustustest

  15. Å kome vekk til seg sjølv : Identitetsskaping i Johan Harstads Buzz Aldrin, hvor ble det av deg i alt mylderet?

    OpenAIRE

    Orheim, Bente Lothe

    2012-01-01

    I denne oppgåva har eg søkt å utforske kva det er ved vår samtid Buzz Aldrin, hvor ble det av deg i alt mylderet? (2005) set seg opp i mot, med vekt på identitet i det moderne samfunnet. Hovedpersonen i Johan Harstads roman, Mattias, vil vere anonym og minst muleg synleg. Mattias favoriserer det å vere nummer to framføre det å vere først, og har Buzz Aldrin, den andre mannen på månen, som sitt store forbilde. I oppgåva har eg utforska korleis identitet blir skildra og tematisert i Buzz Al...

  16. Dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1995-04-27 to 1995-05-23 (NODC Accession 0113561)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113561 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  17. Biological, physical, nutrients, and other data were collected from bottle casts, CTD casts, net casts, and other instruments from the A.V. HUMBOLDT and the JOHAN HJORT from the Norwegian Sea in support of the Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics from 1993-06-02 to 1993-06-13 (NODC Accession 0000780)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Bottle, CTD, net, and other data were collected from the A.V. HUMBOLDT and the JOHAN HJORT from the Norwegian Sea. Data were collected by multiple institutions in...

  18. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1994-10-29 to 1994-11-23 (NODC Accession 0115681)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115681 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and...

  19. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, salinity and other variables collected from Surface underway observations using Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer, Shower head chamber equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement and other instruments from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Sea and others from 2007-11-15 to 2008-06-08 (NCEI Accession 0157398)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0157398 includes Surface underway, chemical and physical data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Sea, Norwegian Sea and Skagerrak...

  20. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1997-04-14 to 1997-05-22 (NODC Accession 0113563)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113563 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  1. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1992-07-12 to 1992-07-28 (NODC Accession 0113558)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113558 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and...

  2. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1998-08-01 to 1998-08-23 (NODC Accession 0113758)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113758 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  3. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1999-06-15 to 1999-07-07 (NODC Accession 0115678)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115678 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian...

  4. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1996-10-30 to 1996-11-10 (NODC Accession 0115680)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115680 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  5. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1994-07-23 to 1994-08-16 (NODC Accession 0113560)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113560 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and...

  6. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1993-11-06 to 1993-12-02 (NODC Accession 0115679)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115679 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  7. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1991-11-05 to 1991-11-27 (NODC Accession 0115685)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115685 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  8. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 2000-05-27 to 2000-06-20 (NODC Accession 0115683)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0115683 includes biological, chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea...

  9. Dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1995-11-08 to 1995-11-26 (NODC Accession 0113562)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113562 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  10. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1992-11-05 to 1992-12-01 (NODC Accession 0115403)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115403 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  11. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1996-07-20 to 1996-08-05 (NODC Accession 0115688)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115688 includes biological, chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian...

  12. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1993-07-30 to 1993-08-15 (NODC Accession 0113559)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113559 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian...

  13. Johan Lindholm: State procedure and union rights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2008-01-01

    ) Den tilbageholdenhed, Lindholm efterlyser med hensyn til effektivitetsprincippet, kan vi ikke tillade os, så længe fællesskabsretten er så ung, som den er, og kun håndhæves ved nationale domstole, uden konkurrence til disse ved et andet sæt domstole. 3) Den overgang fra dommerskabt case-by-case ret...

  14. De betekenis van Johan Buitendags stellingname in theologie der ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    29 juli 2016 ... zich aan ons voordoet (Kants 'Wirklichkeit als Erscheinung'), maar over het geheel der dingen. 'soos dit kwansuis is' (Buitendag 2013:1). In Buitendags visie betekent dit dat systematische theologie probeert te begrijpen hoe de werkelijkheid in elkaar steekt wanneer wij daarmee geconfronteerd worden.

  15. Conversations: with Carl Pilcher [interview by Johan Benson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilcher, C.

    1998-01-01

    An interview with Carl Pilcher, science program director for solar system exploration at NASA, examines NASA's past, present, and planned missions to explore the solar system. Specific questions relate to the status of current and planned missions, science results of the Pathfinder mission to Mars, cooperation with the Japanese space agency, the status of the search for extraterrestrial life in solar system meteoroids and asteroids, mission size for more in-depth exploration, reports of water on the moon, and the exploration of near-Earth objects.

  16. De betekenis van Johan Buitendags stellingname in theologie der natuur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luco J. van den Brom

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the importance of Buitendag’s stance in the so-called ‘theology of nature’. His theological statements endeavour to understand reality in conversation with other academic disciplines to see things in a wider and holistic perspective. Following a suggestion of Moltmann, theology must not restrict itself to internal ecclesiastical and personal faith topics but search for ‘the truth of the whole’. It is argued that Buitendag’s concept of holism is different from Moltmann’s ‘the truth of the whole’. Moltmann’s holism is eschatologically directed after history, but is meaningless in a contemporary debate. His concept of history seems to be problematic too. Buitendag’s holism is more Quinean as a comprehensive relative approach, bottom-up from contemporary insights within different academic disciplines. His theological approach looks like an ellipsis, involving both an ontological and epistemological focus. He defends (Trinitarian communion as the primary concept, ontologically, which biologists may recognise in their observations of animal communities too. His theology shows a panentheistic perspective for the discourse on divine immanent agency by using as analogy the mind-body relationship in a sophisticated way. Buitendag shows the importance of this perspective for theological hermeneutics. This article presents some logical and theological problems in a panentheistic view which some prominent supporters defend as ‘reality depicting’. Buitendag avoids this because of a relational ontology.

  17. Johan OOsthuizen and Hester Naber Department of Afrikaans ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    like NP, VP, etc. both conform to X-bar theory. That. 23. Stellenbosch Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 28, 1994, 21-43 .... infinite) recursion of the string XP + ~ in (1). This can be illustrated with the examples in (11). .... of the analysis presented in section 2, the string se + HP in the construction (1) forms a single constituent -- a DP ...

  18. Johan Benadie : Eesti tööstusfirmadel maailmaklassini veel pikk tee astuda / Johan Benadie ; interv. Raul Kalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Benadie, Johan

    2004-01-01

    Eesti tööstusettevõtteid külastas tööstusettevõtetele suunatud koolitusprogrammi "20 Keys" eestvedaja. "20 Keys" aitab Benadie sõnul tööstusettevõte tootlikkust suurendada. Lisa: Mis on "20 Keys"

  19. "Teie pensioniraha põleb, aga mis siis" / Johan Sidenmark ; interv. Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sidenmark, Johan

    2008-01-01

    Nordea Life & Pensions juht soovitab hoida osa oma raha lühiajalises deposiidis, osa fondides, osa aktsiates ning koguda rohkem raha pensioni heaks. Need, kellel on pensionile minekuni vähe aega, peaksid hoidma oma raha vähem riskantsetes varaklassides. Ta ei näe ohtu, et mõni suurem pensionifond võiks kokku kukkuda. Tabel: Eluiga kasvab hoogsalt; Pensionifondid põletavad meie raha

  20. Constructeurs kunnen gedrag aluminium bij brand voorspellen. Conclusie onderzoek Johan Maljaars

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maljaars, J.

    2008-01-01

    Aluminiumlegeringen worden toegepast ín dragende constructies zoals helikopterdekken, personcelsverblijvcn op boorplatforms, gebouwen en schepen. Voor een aantal van deze constructies worden in de wetgeving eisen gesteld aan de tijd dat de dragende of scheidende functie behouden blijft bij

  1. Imagining Adventure in Middlebrow Fiction : Cosmopolitan Novels by Maurice Dekobra and Johan Fabricius

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verstraeten, Pieter; Van Hove, Karen

    2015-01-01

    The first half of the twentieth century saw the rise of a new type of novel that straddled the divide between popular entertainment and legitimate culture by combining ‘high’ and ‘low’ literary forms and catering en masse for the tastes of an expanding middleclass reading public. In this article we

  2. Practical wisdom as executive virtue for positive psychology : a pastoral-theological evaluation / Johan Leon Ferreira

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Johan Leon

    2010-01-01

    The central theoretical statement of this study proposes that practical wisdom as an executive virtue within positive psychology may be applied in a pastoral-theological paradigm. One of the main virtues in positive psychology, namely wisdom, is investigated and defined in this study. The article format has been used in this thesis, ultimately consisting of five articles. In Article 1 the scriptural perspectives found on practical wisdom in the Old Testament are discussed. From the informatio...

  3. Viini (t)ööelust = On work and (night)life in Vienna / Johan Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Johan

    2012-01-01

    Vaadeldakse noortele loomeinimestele kuuluvaid stuudiokodusid ja ateljeesid Viinis (Atelier Madame Mohr, Büro für Mehr jt.), noorte arhitektide loometegevust pärast tööpäeva suurtes arhitektuuribüroodes. Eesmärgiks on oma oskuste ja töömeetodite arendamine. Uutest büroomudelitest

  4. The impact of job and organisational characteristics on engagement at work in a petrochemical company / Christian Johan Goosen

    OpenAIRE

    Goosen, Christian Johan

    2010-01-01

    In today's tough economic environment, companies are forced to work more efficiently and effectively with the resources they have at their disposal. At the same time companies are struggling to attract and retain good people with the necessary attributes and skills in order for them to remain competitive. The challenge today is not just retaining talented people, but fully engaging them, capturing their minds and hearts at each stage of their work lives. Employee engagement has emerged as a c...

  5. Who Gets into Government? Coalition Formation in European Democracies / Holger Döring, Johan Hellström

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Döring, Holger

    2013-01-01

    Valitsuste formeerumise erinev dünaamika 26 euroopa demokraatias (sealhulgas Eesti). Esimene valitsuses osalemise otsustavate tegurite süstemaatiline võrdlus ja erinevused Ida- ja Lääne-Euroopa riikide vahel

  6. Mark Soosaare isa Johan õpetas poega töötama nii, et käed oleksid puhtad / Mark Soosaar ; interv. Kaupo Meiel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soosaar, Mark, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Intervjuu poliitiku ja filmirežissööri Mark Soosaarega, kes 12. jaan. tähistas oma 60 sünnipäeva ning sai Prantsuse suursaadikult Chantal de Bourmont'ilt Prantsuse riikliku teeneteordeni. Lühidalt ära toodud elulugu

  7. 1770-talets fria marknad : En skildring om finansminister Johan Liljencrantz frisläppande av spannmålshandeln 1775 och 1780

    OpenAIRE

    Wålfors, Carl

    2018-01-01

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka de ideologiska motiven bakom frisläppandet av spannmålshandeln 1775 och 1780. Utgångspunkten är det funktionalistiska synssättet med handlingsaxiom inom det praxeologiska läran som komplement för att undersöka individernas situation. Tillvägagångssättet blir att undersöka böndernas och statens ekonomiska situation och syn på marknaden före och efter tidigare nämnda årtal.    Under tidiga 1700-talet var Sverige ett samhälle med starkt statlig kontroll ...

  8. Towards a transformed defence industry that contributes to the growth of the South African economy. Based on research performed by Johan Strydom

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Pienaar, Erlank

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available to the GDP (90% export sales) – Generates more than 10% of the manufacturing jobs – Contribution to the reduction in crime freed up 12% of the GDP: that is now invested in economic development • Gave birth to the para-military industry supporting... IfM Education and Consultancy Services 13 Why public investment in RTOs is justified MARKET FAILURES ADDRESSED BY RTOs Source: Introduction to Technology & Innovation Management Strategy and Policy University of Cambridge...

  9. LA ÉTICA EN LA TRANSFORMACIÓN DE CONFLICTOS A PARTIR DE LA PROPUESTA DE JOHAN GALTUNG: EL CASO DE VIOLENCIA DE GÉNERO

    OpenAIRE

    Arriaga Arizmendi, Nallely

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo constituye el desarrollo del planteamiento de la problemática que encierra la violencia contra la mujer, cuando se convierte en un conflicto a nivel social y ocasiona limitaciones en la vida de ésta, coartando las posibilidades de desarrollo de un conjunto de personas que han sido “etiquetadas” tanto a sí mismas como por los que “le rodean” como seres humanos secundarios y/o sometidos al género masculino. Lo anterior, ha dado lugar a múltiples preguntas en torno a la domin...

  10. Evolving partnerships in the collection of urban solid waste in the developing world

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, J.; Baud, I.S.A.; Furedy, C.; Post, J.

    2004-01-01

    -Post, Johan. (2004) Evolving Partnerships in the Collection of Urban Solid Waste in the Developing World, in: Baud, Isa., Johan. Post and Christine Furedy (2004) Solid Waste Management and Recycling; Actors, Partnerships and Policies in Hyderabad, India

  11. Government, market and community in urban solid waste management; problems and potentials in the transition to sustainable development?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, J.; Baud, I.S.A.; Baud, I.S.A.; Furedy, C.; Post, J.

    2004-01-01

    -Post, Johan and Isa Baud (2004) Government, market and community in urban solid waste management; problems and potentials in the transition to sustainable development? in: Baud, Isa., Johan. Post and Christine Furedy (2004) Solid Waste Management and Rec

  12. "A bare outpost of learned European culture on the edge of the jungles of Java": Johan Maurits Mohr (1716-1775) and the emergence of instrumental and institutional science in Dutch colonial Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuidervaart, Huib J; Van Gent, Rob H

    2004-03-01

    The transits of Venus in 1761 and 1769 appear to mark the starting point of instrumental science in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia). This essay examines the conditions that triggered and constituted instrumental and institutional science on Indonesian soil in the late eighteenth century. In 1765 the Reverend J. M. Mohr, whose wife had received a large inheritance, undertook to build a fully equipped private observatory in Batavia (now Jakarta). There he made several major astronomical and meteorological observations. Mohr's initiative inspired other Europeans living on Java around 1770 to start a scientific movement. Because of the lack of governmental and other support, it was not until 1778 that this offspring of the Dutch-Indonesian Enlightenment became a reality. The Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen tried from the beginning to put into effect the program Mohr had outlined. The members even bought his instruments from his widow, intending to continue his measurements. For a number of reasons, however, this instrumental program was more than the society could support. Around 1790 instrumental science in the former Dutch East Indies came to a standstill, not to be resumed for several decades.

  13. Predicting Actions Taken to Counter Economic Sanctions: An Examination of U.S. Government Financial Data Collection and Its Usefulness in Determining if Foreign Governments Anticipate Economic Sanctions: A Case Study of Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-01

    imposing penalties for non-conformity with the law." (Doxey, 1972, p. 528) Johan Galtung provides the most comprehensive generic definition of sanctions...directed toward political objectives.. .and are employed in an attempt to achieve political ends by economic means," according to 35 Johan Galtung ...September 1990. Galtung , Johan , "On Effects of International Economic Sanctions: With Examples from the Case of Rhodesia." World Politics, Vol 19. No

  14. Economic Sanctions and the U.S. National Interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-01

    many other forms a sanction may take. A. TYPES OF SANCTIONS Sanctions may, according to Johan Galtung , 2 8 , be of a diplomatic, communication, or...compliance is also considered a reason for failure. Johan Galtung postulates that the critical variable in the success of a sanction is the vul...Reference to the UN and Southern Africa, International Organization, (Summer 1972): 528. 26 Johan Galtung , "On the Effects of International Eco- nomic

  15. Solid waste management and recycling : actors, partnerships and policies in Hyderabad, India and Nairobi, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, J.; Baud, I.S.A.; Furedy, C.

    2004-01-01

    Solid waste management and recycling : actors, partnerships and policies in Hyderabad, India and Nairobi, Kenya / ed. by Isa Baud, Johan Post and Christine Furedy Author: Isabelle Suzanne Antoinette Baud; Johan Post Year: cop. 2004 Publisher: Dordrecht [etc.] : Kluwer Academic Publishers Series: The

  16. Orbital component extraction by time-variant sinusoidal modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinnesael, Matthias; Zivanovic, Miroslav; De Vleeschouwer, David; Claeys, Philippe; Schoukens, Johan

    2016-04-01

    Accurately deciphering periodic variations in paleoclimate proxy signals is essential for cyclostratigraphy. Classical spectral analysis often relies on methods based on the (Fast) Fourier Transformation. This technique has no unique solution separating variations in amplitude and frequency. This characteristic makes it difficult to correctly interpret a proxy's power spectrum or to accurately evaluate simultaneous changes in amplitude and frequency in evolutionary analyses. Here, we circumvent this drawback by using a polynomial approach to estimate instantaneous amplitude and frequency in orbital components. This approach has been proven useful to characterize audio signals (music and speech), which are non-stationary in nature (Zivanovic and Schoukens, 2010, 2012). Paleoclimate proxy signals and audio signals have in nature similar dynamics; the only difference is the frequency relationship between the different components. A harmonic frequency relationship exists in audio signals, whereas this relation is non-harmonic in paleoclimate signals. However, the latter difference is irrelevant for the problem at hand. Using a sliding window approach, the model captures time variations of an orbital component by modulating a stationary sinusoid centered at its mean frequency, with a single polynomial. Hence, the parameters that determine the model are the mean frequency of the orbital component and the polynomial coefficients. The first parameter depends on geologic interpretation, whereas the latter are estimated by means of linear least-squares. As an output, the model provides the orbital component waveform, either in the depth or time domain. Furthermore, it allows for a unique decomposition of the signal into its instantaneous amplitude and frequency. Frequency modulation patterns can be used to reconstruct changes in accumulation rate, whereas amplitude modulation can be used to reconstruct e.g. eccentricity-modulated precession. The time-variant sinusoidal model

  17. 76 FR 56188 - Tests Determined To Be Suitable for Use in the National Reporting System for Adult Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-12

    ... edition of the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations is available via the Federal Digital.... Dated: September 7, 2011. Johan Uvin, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and Strategic Initiatives...

  18. Ärimehed lennukitüüri taga / Küllike Rooväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rooväli, Küllike, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Copterline Eesti terminali juht Tõnis Lepp ja Eesti Esimese Aeronautikaklubi juht Johan Pender lendamisest, lennuõpetusest. Lisad: Eralenduri õpe Eestis; Erapiloodi kursus. Vt. samas: Kooliõpetajast saab vaheajal lendur [intervjuu Eesti Era- ja Harrastuspilootide Liidu esimehe Hendrik Aguriga

  19. Министерство образования и науки подарит ученикам книги

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Haridus- ja Teadusministeerium kingib kõigile koolidele, kutseõppeasutustele ja lasteaedadele komplekti, kuhu kuuluvad raamatud ja film, kalender ja plakatid Eesti iseseisvuse kehtestamisest, lisaks saavad gümnaasiumid veel raamatu "Estonica", mille autoriks on Johan Brotze

  20. Kirjanike aed Nõmme-Rahumäel / Elle-Mari Talivee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talivee, Elle-Mari, 1974-

    2016-01-01

    Artur Adsoni ja Marie Underi Rahumäele Vabaduse puiestee ja Veere tänava nurgale ehitatud eramust (arhitekt Edgar Johan Kuusik) ning krundile rajatud iluaiast. Aastast 1944 elasid seal Friedebert ja Elo Tuglas

  1. Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holzhacker, Ronald; Wittek, Rafael; Woltjer, Johan

    2016-01-01

    I. Theoretical Reflections on Decentralization and Governance for Sustainable Society 1. Decentralization and Governance for Sustainable Society in Indonesia Ronald Holzhacker, Rafael Wittek and Johan Woltjer 2. Good Governance Contested: Exploring Human Rights and Sustainability as Normative Goals

  2. Language did not spring forth 100,000 years ago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, Philip

    2015-02-01

    In response to an Essay by Johan Bolhuis and co-authors, Phillip Lieberman contends that rather than arising from a key recent innovation ("merge"), language arose by gradual evolution of ancient capabilities.

  3. Language did not spring forth 100,000 years ago.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Lieberman

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In response to an Essay by Johan Bolhuis and co-authors, Phillip Lieberman contends that rather than arising from a key recent innovation ("merge", language arose by gradual evolution of ancient capabilities.

  4. Physical activity: genes & health

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Carl Johan SUNDBERG is an Associate Professor in Physiology and Licenced Physician. His research focus is Molecular mechanisms involved in the adaptation of human skeletal muscle to physical activity.

  5. Kaitsepolitsei juhid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Ülevaade Kaitsepolitsei juhtide Helmut Traugott Veemi, Eduard-Hans-Kristian Alveri, Eduard Lensini, Johan Soomani, August Tuulse (Tõns, Tenson), Konstantin Kirsimägi (Kirschberg), Tanel Võhma (Daniel Võhman) elust ja tegevusest

  6. Heads of the Estonian Security Police

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Ülevaade Kaitsepolitsei juhtide Helmut Traugott Veemi, Eduard-Hans-Kristian Alveri, Eduard Lensini, Johan Soomani, August Tuulse (Tõns, Tenson), Konstantin Kirsimägi (Kirschberg), Tanel Võhma (Daniel Võhman) elust ja tegevusest

  7. Ale nám Písmo ukazuje tajemství. Biblické aluze v cyklu Truchlivý Jana Amose Komenského

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Havelka, Tomáš

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 5, č. 2 (2013), s. 225-242 ISSN 1804-1132 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Bible * Johan Amos Comenius * quotations * Czech consolatory writings * Truchlivý * Mournful Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  8. Baltimaad Veneetsias / Kaili Kannel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kannel, Kaili

    2016-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Leedu ühisprojekt "Balti Atlas" 15. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaalil. Biennaali üldteemaks on "Sõnumeid rindejoonelt", peakuraatoriks Tšiili arhitekt Alejandro Aravena, Eesti poolseks kuraatoriks Johan Tali

  9. NVO combineert beste van DPS, DPST en PBI tot nieuwe totaalindex. DPS verdwijnt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arendonk, van J.A.M.

    2006-01-01

    De duurzameprestatiesom, DPS, gaat mogelijk nog dit jaar verdwijnen. Ervoor in de plaats komt een nieuwe totaalindex, waarin ook functioneel exterieur een onderdeel zal zijn. Fokkerijprofessor Johan van Arendonk licht de achtergronden toe van de nieuwe totaalindex

  10. Abutting Absence : Love Letters from Two Eras / Tiina Kirss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirss, Tiina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Irene Lääne ja Toomas Hiio koostatud raamatust "Ühtekuuluvuse teel : Johan Laidoneri kirjad abikaasale" (Tallinn : Varrak, 2008) ja Käbi Laretei raamatust "Kuhu kadus kõik see armastus?" (Tallinn : SE & JS, 2008)

  11. Calvin and the confessions of the Reformation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-04-29

    -. Nuremberg, Germany. He is participating as research fellow of Prof. Dr Johan. Buitendag, Dean of the. Faculty of Theology of the. University of Pretoria, South. Africa. This article represents a reworked version of a.

  12. Det danske landskab. De danske malere på J.C. Dahls tid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Monrad, Kasper

    Om værker af Jens Juel, C.W. Eckersberg, J.C. Dahl, Thomas Fearnley, Christen Købke, Johan Thomas Lundbye, Peter Christian Skovgaard, Dankvart Dreyer, Vilhelm Kyhn, Janus la Cour......Om værker af Jens Juel, C.W. Eckersberg, J.C. Dahl, Thomas Fearnley, Christen Købke, Johan Thomas Lundbye, Peter Christian Skovgaard, Dankvart Dreyer, Vilhelm Kyhn, Janus la Cour...

  13. The effect of magnesium hydroxide, hydromagnesite and layered double hydroxide on the heat stability and fire performance of plasticized poly(vinyl chloride)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Molefe, DM

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available , FJWJ (Johan) Labuschagne, Walter W Focke, Isbé van der Westhuizen and Osei Ofosu. Magnesium hydroxide derivatives as fire retardants for plasticized PVC. Journal of Fire Sciences November 2015 vol. 33 no. 6 493-510 doi: 10.1177/0734904115612501 http...://jfs.sagepub.com/content/33/6/493.abstract The effect of magnesium hydroxide, hydromagnesite and layered double hydroxide on the heat stability and fire performance of plasticized PVC Dan Matlhomola Molefe1, FJWJ (Johan) Labuschagne2, Walter W Focke2,*, Isbé van der...

  14. Patients presenting with fresh trauma after interpersonal violence

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    interpersonal violence. Part I. Alcohol and substance abuse. Dan J Stein, Dorothy Boshoff, Hester Abrahams,. Felicity Daniels, Annalene Traut, Jan H de Bruyn,. Johan van der Spuy. Background. Patients presenting with fresh trauma frequentty have evidence of substance abuse. Nevertheless, few South African studies ...

  15. Veneetsiasse biennaalile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    14. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaali (peakuraator: Rem Koolhaas, peateema: "Fundamentals. Absorbing Modernity 1914-2014") Eesti ekspositsiooni kuraatorivõistluse võitis töö "Vaba ruum", mille autoriteks on Johanna Jõekalda, Johan Tali ja Siim Tuksam. Eesti ekspositsiooni komissar on Ülar Mark

  16. Lupinus albus L

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    uovspc

    2013-08-28

    Aug 28, 2013 ... Elmarie van der Watt* and Johan C. Pretorius. Department of Soil ... enhanced seedling growth and yield in both crops. Subsequently, activity .... Plant material. L. albus cv. Bethuana White as well as maize (Zea mays cv. PAN6043) and wheat (T. vulgare cv. PAN3377) seed used in labo- ratory and field ...

  17. Kanon i dansk 7

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyldendals læsebog i kanonlitteratur for 7. klasse. Med bl.a.: folkeviser, folkeeventyr, folkesagn, ordsprog samt tekster af Daniel Defoe, Ludvig Holberg, Hans Adolph Brorson, Johan Herman Wessel, Adam Oehlenschläger, N.F.S. Grundtvig, H.C. Andersen, Charles Dickens, St.St. Blicher, Holger...

  18. Igal mereväe alusel on vähemalt üks saarlane / Raul Vinni

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vinni, Raul

    2008-01-01

    Kuressaare verivärske vapilaeva Admiral Cowan kolmas ohvitser nooremleitnant Timo Selder tutvustab sõjalaeva. Vt. samas lühiinterv. vanemleitnant Johan-Elias Seljamaaga. Komandör Seljamaa: enam ei ole me kontvõõrad

  19. An SEM approach to continuous time modeling of panel data: Relating authoritarianism and anomia: Correction to Voelkle, Oud, Davidov, and Schmidt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voelkle, M.C.; Oud, J.H.L.; Davidov, E.; Schmidt, P.

    2012-01-01

    Reports an error in "An SEM approach to continuous time modeling of panel data: Relating authoritarianism and anomia" by Manuel C. Voelkle, Johan H. L. Oud, Eldad Davidov and Peter Schmidt (Psychological Methods, 2012[Jun], Vol 17[2], 176-192). The supplemental materials link was missing. All

  20. 78 FR 38304 - Applications for New Awards; Native Hawaiian Career and Technical Education Program (NHCTEP...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-26

    ... Register and the Code of Federal Regulations is available via the Federal Digital System at: www.gpo.gov... Johan Uvin, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and Strategic Initiatives, to perform the functions... Uvin, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and Strategic Initiatives, Delegated Authority to Perform...

  1. Current Writing: Text and Reception in Southern Africa: Editorial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Editors Duncan Brown Michael Chapman Judith Lütge Coullie Cheryl Stobie Johan Jacobs Advisory Board David Attwell (York) Karin Barber (Birmingham) Taieb Belghazi (Mahommed V-Agdal) Stephen Clingman (Massachusetts) Ampie Coetzee (Western Cape) Ann Collett (Wollogong) Tim Couzens (Witwatersrand)

  2. Õed arhitektuuris / Kadri Karro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karro, Kadri

    2011-01-01

    Viinis õppinud eesti arhitektide loomingut tutvustav maketinäitus "Viini eksiilid. Helisev arhitektuur" endises Heliose kinosaalis Tallinnas, kuraator Maris Kerge. Näitusel osalevad Alvin Järving, Larissa Kondina, Joanna-Maria Helinurm, Johan Tali, Kadri Kerge, Kadri Tamre, Siim Tuksam, Sille Pihlak. Kadri Kerge arhitektuuriõpingutest Viinis ja Los Angeleses, magistritööst "Toxic Garden"

  3. Visit by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

    CERN Multimedia

    Guillaume, Jeanneret

    2014-01-01

    NTNU Pro-Rector Johan E. Hustad and CERN Director for Research and Computing Sergio Bertolucci signed an agreement between NTNU and CERN for the establishment of the a new Business Incubation Centre of CERN technology to be established in Trondheim, Norway. An agreement to strengthen the collaboration on student created spin-offs was also signed.

  4. Mångfaldsmedveten pedagogik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Mattsson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tina Mattsson recenserar:Mångfaldsmedveten pedagogik för universitetslärare (2011, av Johan Wickström, Rapport nr 10, Avdelningen för universitetspedagogisk utveckling, Uppsala universitet, ISSN 1652-084X 

  5. The Elementary Forms of Educational Life: Understanding the Meaning of Education from the Concept of "Social Responsivity"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aspelin, Jonas

    2015-01-01

    This article makes a theoretical contribution to social psychology of education by applying Johan Asplund's social psychological theory to the educational context. More specifically, the article discusses how the question of purpose of education (Biesta in "Educ Assess Eval Account" 21(1):33-46, 2009; "God utbildning i mätningens…

  6. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp 313-317. On the Dimension of Chowla–Milnor Space · Tapas Chatterjee .... Isometric Coactions of Compact Quantum Groups on Compact Quantum Metric Spaces · Johan Quaegebeur Marie ... pp 385-397. On the Mean Curvature of Semi-Riemannian Graphs in Semi-Riemannian Warped Products · Zonglao Zhang.

  7. Strateegia reaalajas / Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Taivo, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    Uudsete ärijuhtimise meetodite uurimise ja rakendusettevõtte Imagination Lab Foundationi direktori Johan Roosi "tõsise mängu" teooriast, mille kohaselt strateegiline planeerimine ettevõtetes peaks toimuma mängides, kuna see on üks parimaid viise kujutlusvõime stimuleerimiseks. Lisa: Juhised tõsiseks mänguks

  8. The nature of intractable conflict: Resolution in the twenty-first century

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    man's violent aggressive nature which could result in warlike actions and responses. Using examples from primatology, Mitchell is able to suggest how environments impact on later human behaviour. Chapter two explains, using Johan Galtung's triangular model of conflict structure. (a constant theme throughout the book), ...

  9. CQ No. 25

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SA Crime Quarterly no 34 • December 2010. 41. Johan Burger (JB): One of the many outstanding successes ... section 49 of the Criminal Procedure Act that governs the legal use of deadly force to effect an arrest, and ... research have linked directly to weaknesses in internal command and control. How do you see changing ...

  10. Orbital Models and Electronic Structure Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linderberg, Jan

    2012-01-01

    This tribute to the work by Carl Johan Ballhausen focuses on the emergence of quantitative means for the study of the electronic properties of complexes and molecules. Development, refinement and application of the orbital picture elucidated electric and magnetic features of ranges of molecules w...

  11. Quaestiones Mathematicae - Vol 26, No 4 (2003)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The metric theory of the tensor products (Grothendieck's Résumé Revisited) Part 5: Injective and projective tensor norms · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Joe Diestel, Jan Fourie, Johan Swart, 479-499 ...

  12. Er –Al2O3 nanoparticles doping of borosilicate glass

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    1Tampere University of Technology, Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering,. Korkeakoulunkatu 3, FI-33720 Tampere, Finland. 2Johan Gadolin Process Chemistry ..... The Finnish. Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation. (TEKES) is acknowledged by nLIGHT for financial support. References.

  13. Dahlbeck and Pure Ontology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackenzie, Jim

    2016-01-01

    This article responds to Johan Dahlbeck's "Towards a pure ontology: Children's bodies and morality" ["Educational Philosophy and Theory," vol. 46 (1), 2014, pp. 8-23 (EJ1026561)]. His arguments from Nietzsche and Spinoza do not carry the weight he supposes, and the conclusions he draws from them about pedagogy would be…

  14. South African Journal of Plant and Soil - Vol 30, No 3 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. George M van Zijl, Pieter AL Le Roux, David P Turner. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02571862.2013.806679 ... Mineral nutrition · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. John Wooldridge, Johan Fourie, Marlise E Joubert ...

  15. Doctrinal sanction and the protection of the rights of religious ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scholarship on the protection of religious rights and freedoms in the context of religious associations in South Africa has gained in momentum since the decision by the Equality Court in Johan Daniel Strydom v Nederduitse Gereformeerde Gemeente Moreleta Park some years ago. Emanating from this were diverse ...

  16. Amarcord ehk Tallinna endised kinohooned / Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Ühe saaliga vanadest kinodest ja uutest kobarkinodest. Edgar Johan Kuusiku projekteeritud Heliose kinost vanalinnas, Eugen Habermanni projekteeritud Lembitu kinost Balti jaama juures, Edgar Velbri ja Friedrich Vendachi projekteeritud Võidu kinost Nõmmel, Raul-Levroit Kivi projekteeritud Kaja kinost Mustamäel

  17. Did the American Herbartians Have a Research Base?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westfall, Barry H.

    The origins of the Herbartian Movement began with the writings of Johan Friedrich Herbart (1776-1841), a German philosopher and educator. He believed that, through instruction, the mind and morals of the child could be molded. For this purpose, ideas are available from two sources: experience, which furnishes knowledge of nature, and social…

  18. Iz žyttievoho šliaxu ognoho istoryka (movoznavči zmanhannia Heuzinxy zamolodu)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordegraaf, J.

    2006-01-01

    Having learned some Hebrew and Arabic at grammar school, Johan Huizinga (1872-1945) intended to study Arabic in Leiden, but his father did not approve of this idea for financial reasons. So, the young Huizinga enrolled as a student of Dutch at Groningen University in September 1891. In those days,

  19. Quantum Simulation of the Hexagonal Kitaev Model With Trapped Ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Services , Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be...and Monroe C 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 120502 [20] Johanning M, Braun A, Timoney N, Elman V, Neuhauser W and Wunderlich C 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 102

  20. Leids KNOOPpunt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frijns, Johan H.M.

    2006-01-01

    This inaugural lecture was held on the occasion of the official installation of Johan H.M. Frijns (ENT-surgeon and Physicist) as professor of Otorhinolaryngology. The title "Leids KNOOPpunt" means "Leiden Nodal Point", to emphasize the multidisciplinary character of the ENT-field. In addition it is

  1. Probabilistic Ontology Architecture for a Terrorist Identification Decision Support System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    34 International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, pp. 907-928, 1995. [14] Grigoris Antoniou and Frank Van Harmelen, "Web Ontology Language: OWL," in...developerworks / webservices/library/ws-soa-ref-arch/ [23] Johan Eltes , The Reference Architecture - a foundation for successful projects, 2004

  2. Rüdiger von der Goltzi ja Ludvig Jakobseni kohtumine 1938. aastal / [eessõna autor Agur Benno] / eessõna autor Benno Agur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    21. detsembril 1938 kohtusid Berliinis Eesti sõjaväeata̧ee kolonel Ludvig Karl Jakobsen ning riigisakslasest kindral krahv Rüdiger von der Goltz. Kirjalik dokument sellest kohtumisest jõudis kindral Johan Laidonerini, kes lisas sellel oma kommentaari. Arutlusteemaks olid 1919. aasta sündmused. - Lisa: Johann Laidoneri kommentaar

  3. Union Spinning Mills - Cleaner Production option report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wenzel, Henrik; Schneider, Zsig

    In October and November 2002 meetings were held between Union Spinning Mills and external consultants from the South African – Danish Cleaner Textile Production Project. Project participants from USM were: • From USM: Operations Director Johan Ferreira, Finishing Manager Anrico (Andrej) Kritzinger...

  4. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Brink, Johan. Vol 107, No 12 (2017) - Articles The world's first human-to-human heart transplant at Groote Schuur Hospital: 50 years later. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 0256-95749. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms ...

  5. Kogude uudised : pildid Krusensterni ümbermaailmareisilt / Anu Allikvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allikvee, Anu

    2005-01-01

    Adam Johan von Krusensterni reisipäevikust "Ümbermaailmareis aastatel 1803, 1804, 1805 ja 1806" ning atlasest, mis sisaldab 95 kaarti, skeemi ning illustratsiooni reisil nähtud maastikest, inimestest, loomadest, lindudest. Pikemalt illustratsioonide graveerimisest gravöör Ignaz-Sebastian Klauberi juhtimisel Peterburi Kunstide Akadeemias

  6. finding creativity in the diversity of environmental ethics

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    19, 1999. FINDING CREATIVITY IN. THE DIVERSITY OF ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS. Johan Hattingh ... itself, and as a rich source of creativity' from which to draw when we conceptua/ise w:d respond to enviromnental ...... Another rather understands it as 'resilience'. 14. Marincowitz (1998) for a thorough introduction to.

  7. Pärimuskultuurist kultuurisümboliks : saami etnograafia ja seto eepose saamislugu / Kristin Kuutma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuutma, Kristin, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    Ülevaade saami asualast, elukeskkonnast, elatusviisidest ja muutustest kultuuriprotsessis. Johan Turi kui esimese saamikeelse ilukirjandusliku autori ja Emilie Demant Hatti koostöös valminud teosest "Muitalus sámiid birra" (Jutustus saamidest). Setode ajaloost ja taustast eepose-projekti kujunemisele, pärimuse kogumine. Rahvalauliku Anne Vabarna poolt esitatud setu rahvuseeposest "Pekolanõ" (Peko)

  8. Against "Ressentiment": Response to Mackenzie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlbeck, Johan

    2016-01-01

    Johan Dahlbeck works as senior lecturer at Malmo University. His research interest is in the philosophy of education, focusing especially on ethics and the pedagogical implications of Spinoza's philosophy. In this article, he responds to Jim Mackenzie's "Dahlbeck and Pure Ontology" (EJ1105980), which was written in reply to his…

  9. Thijs Kemmeren: inspirator van SPECO en BVVS (deel 1)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jan de Leeuw

    2015-01-01

    Thijs Kemmeren neemt op 5 maart afscheid van de Fontys Economische Hogeschool Tilburg. Hij gaat met pensioen. Thijs was vanaf 1998 docent bij SPECO en de Johan Cruyff University. Zijn legacy is indrukwekkend: Werkveldcommissie SPECO, Curriculumcommissie SPECO, Businessclub Vrienden Van SPECO

  10. the holy places in the Zimbabwean Religious Landscape

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-08-05

    Aug 5, 2016 ... critical study of the Johane Masowe Chishanu yeNyenyedzi Church spirituality in Zimbabwe', prepared under the supervision of Prof. Duncan, Emeritus ... among the African peoples carries spiritual, emotional and physical ..... testimony was also confirmed by Ignatius Zvarevashe in his. Shona novel ...

  11. EDITORIAL

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jickling, like O'Donoghue, questions a concept which has developed a popular currency but which may, Jickling argues, lead environmental educa- tion processes into either determinism or support of the dominant worldview as the latter shapes the meaning of the concept 'sustainability'. Johan. Hattingh contributes a ...

  12. South African Journal of Plant and Soil - Vol 33, No 1 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Soil water and mineral nitrogen content as influenced by crop rotation and tillage practice in the Swartland subregion of the Western Cape · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Japie D. Wiese, Johan Labuschagne, Gert A. Agenbag, 33-42.

  13. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BAKITA, Baraza la Kiswahili la Taifa · Bakize, Leonard H. Balige, Johanes Sylivester · Beja, S. Karisa · Bichwa, Saul S. Buberwa, A · Budebah, Christopher B. Bulaya, Joviet · Burundi, Rosemary N. 1 - 9 of 9 Items. ISSN: 0856-552X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians ...

  14. Den naturlige tillid og tilknytning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bo, Inger Glavind

    2008-01-01

    Giddens og Johan Bowlbys forståelser af den fundamentale tillid eller sikker base kædes tilliden sammen med det spæde barns tilknytning til sine primære omsorgspersoner, da det er her fundamentet for senere tilknytningsadfærd og tillidsrelationer etableres som en integreret del af den naturlige...

  15. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies - Vol 63, No 2 (2007)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Marriage in the theology of Martin Luther – worldly yet sacred: An option between secularism and clericalism · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Johan Buitendag, 445-461. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v63i2.228 ...

  16. Play and playfulness, basic features of early childhood education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Singer, E.

    2013-01-01

    This article argues that play and playfulness are basic features in early childhood education, but that play curricula can have serious drawbacks. The starting point is the play theory of the Dutch historian Johan Huizinga, a radical critic of the focus on the educational benefits of play. According

  17. Meanings of Education under Occupation: The Shifting Motivations for Education in Palestinian Refugee Camps in the West Bank

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pherali, Tejendra; Turner, Ellen

    2018-01-01

    Despite being a protracted refugee crisis that entails international debates and controversies, discussions about Palestinian education have frequently sidelined the perspectives, needs and priorities of the Palestinian refugee population. Drawing upon a qualitative study in the West Bank and engaging with theoretical ideas of Johan Galtung, Paulo…

  18. Plan colombia: una mirada a la cooperación estados unidos-colombia desde la teoría del imperialismo estructural. periodo 1999-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Barón Vargas, Nicolás

    2013-01-01

    El documento es un análisis del Plan Colombia desde la teoría del Imperialismo Estructural de Johan Galtung, teniendo en cuenta las ventajas que brinda dicha teoría pero asimismo las limitaciones que contiente.

  19. An Analysis of Data Validity for Measures of Effectiveness of Information Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-01

    Information System Quarterly, Vol. 12 , No. 2, (June 1988), pp. 277-296. Galtung , Johan , Theory and Methods of Social Research, Columbia University Press, New...these losses are not random, then external validity is threatened. J. DATA COLLECTION TECHNIQUES Galtung (1967) states that all social science data are

  20. The North/South Debate: Technology, Basic Human Needs and the New International Economic Order. Working Paper Number Twelve. 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galtung, Johan

    This document contains two articles by Johan Galtung presented as papers at an international conference on the relationship of technology to the environment and human needs. The monograph is part of a series intended to stimulate research, education, dialogue, and political action toward a just world order. The first paper, "Towards a New…

  1. Southern Africa’s Transnational Threats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    MDG’s News,” http://www.undp.org.za/mdgs-news/328-human- trafficking-in-southern-africa (accessed February 28, 2013) 20 Johan Galtung , ‘A...a breaking point. This point can be ignited in a multitude of ways which ultimately leads to a united effort against the oppressor. Galtung argued

  2. A Summary and Annotated Bibliography of Research by the Dimensionality of Nations Project, 1967-1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-06-06

    theory of Johan Galtung , (3) the distance theory of Quincy Wright, (4) the power transition theory of A. F. K. Organski, (5) the integration-regional...results support the "pre-theory" of Rosenau, the status theory of Galtung , and an emphasis on homogeneity in integration theory. This suggests that

  3. A New Element of National Security: Military Forces in Environmental Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    termination of hostilities will require a new paradigm for long term peace. 25 SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY Galtung , Johan . Environment, Development. and Military...diplomacy fails potesngenal serity.promotes general security." to reach an accord? Is the Galtung , p.190. use of military legitimate in this instance

  4. Institutionalized Mutuality in Canada-China Management Education Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Shuguang; Liu, Xianjun

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the Canada-China Management Education Program (CCMEP, 1983-1996) between the University of Toronto (UT) and Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST). In this paper, we create a "Three Levels/Four Parameters" analytical framework, based on the concept of mutuality from Johan Galtung (1980) and the concept…

  5. Large Bilateral Reductions in Superpower Nuclear Weapons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-01

    Freedman, and Baylis, MacMillan Press, LTD, 1983, pp.7 8 -1 1 5 . 218 fa. 6 Galtung , Johan , There are Alternatives: Four Roads to Peace and Security...different approaches. An example from the West European peace studies perspective is Galtung (1984). A more wide- 40 -’. o °. " .’....’,’. . "o

  6. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    du Plessis, Menán. Vol 48 (2017) - Articles The name of the fourth river: A small puzzle presented by a fragment of Kora, for Johan Oosthuizen Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2223-9936. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners ...

  7. South African Medical Journal - Vol 97, No 4 (2007)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Antimicrobial susceptibility profile of selected bacteraemic pathogens from private institutions in South Africa · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Adrian Brink, Johan Moolman, Mark Cruz da Silva, Maria Botha, National Antibiotic Surveillance Forum ...

  8. Ethics as the bridge between dogmatics and historical contexts

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-08-28

    Aug 28, 2015 ... place within this university where Johan Heyns had such a distinguished career as a professor of. Christian theology. But if theology has ... dialogue across those cultural and linguistic barriers that previously kept us apart in .... choice was forced on him by his church for reasons that were more political than ...

  9. Two Views of the Lyrical Runeberg

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swanson, Alan

    2008-01-01

    This article deals with two musical settings of Johan Ludvig Runeberg's poem, 'Flickan kom ifran sin alsklings mote' (1830), and begins with a brief consideration of what makes a text suitable for musical setting. It then offers an analysis of Runeberg's poem, emphasising its rhetorical aspects,

  10. Die kerklike Afskeiding wat in 1859 in Suid-Afrika onder ds, O. Postma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    *)Dr. G. Keizer: De Afscheiding van 1834, b)s. 51-94-. *) P. J. Meertens: Johan Willem Vygeboom, in Neder). Archief voor Kerkgeschie denis, N S. XXVII 1935, Ms. 32; A. Blokhuis, Uit de Oude Doos. Wat een eeuw geleden te Bunschoten en Spakenburg geschied is, bts. 180-184-. ') Verskillende voorbeelde kan gevind word, ...

  11. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 699 ... African Journal of Aquatic Science. ... Vol 40, No 3 (2015), Book review: Catchment and River Basin Management: Integrating Science and Governance, Abstract. L Smith, K Porter, ... By Sanet Janse van Vuuren, Jonathan Taylor, Annelise Gerber and Carin van Ginkel (2006), Abstract. Johan van der ...

  12. Activation as a socio-economic and legal concept: Laboratorium the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sol, E.; Sichert, M.; van Lieshout, H.; Koning, T.; Eichhorst, W.; Kaufmann, O.; Konle-Seidl, R.

    2008-01-01

    As a famous expression by Johan Cruijff — European soccer player of the century and Dutch icon — goes, "each con has its pro." In the case of welfare for the Netherlands, the con was what was called ‘The Dutch disease.’ The pro was that the disease prompted the Dutch government to engage in creative

  13. What has Lapland to do with Tshwane? Ethics as the bridge ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article explores the question: what does it mean to do theology in South Africa today? It does so in three parts based on a narrative account of the author's relationship with Johan Heyns from 1972–1990. In the first, the focus is on the reasons for and the significance of the transition of the Dogmatologiese ...

  14. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Giménez. Vol 28, No 3 (2011), Book Review Dynamics of Large .... By Johan du Toit, Richard Kock and James C Deutsch (2010), Abstract. Richard WS Fynn. Vol 16, No 2 (1999), Book review. Veld management in South ...

  15. The influence of eleven Ps: An internal marketing and brand ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of the 11 internal marketing mix elements (product, price, place, promotion, people, processes, physical ... M. Roberts-Lombard are in the Department of Marketing Management, University of Johan- nesburg. Prof. H.B. Klopper is in the .... (Wilson et al. 2012: 23). The 'servuction system model' is also applicable to car rental.

  16. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Author Details. Journal Home > Advanced Search > Author Details. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. ... Vol 45 (2016) - Articles From vectors to waves and streams: An alternative approach to semantic maps1. Abstract PDF · Vol 48 (2017) - Articles Introduction: 'n Klein ietsie for Johan Oosthuizen

  17. Injured pedestrians in Cape Town - the role of alcohol

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    alcohol. Margaret M. Peden, John D. Knotlenbelt,. Johan van der Spuy, Ravi Oodit, Hendrik J. Scholtz,. J. Morris Stokol. Objective. To establish a profile of injured adult pedestrians and attempt to define the role which alcohol plays in this regard. Design. Prospective survey of injured pedestrians who presented consecutively ...

  18. [Raamat] / Raimo Pullat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullat, Raimo, 1935-

    2008-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Johans Kristofs Broce. Z̋ṁjumi un apraksti 4. Sejums. Latvijas Mazś pilsṫas un lauki. Manuskriptu publiç̇anai sagatavojis Dr. hist. Muntis Auns. R̋ga, 2007. Johann Christoph Brotze unikaalset kollektsiooni käsitleva entsüklopeedilise suurteose neljandast (viimasest) osast

  19. ne boeregeinterneerdes in portu- gal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    foto is op 25:4:1901 te Caldas da Rainha geneem. Persone agter v.i.n.r. - Drd' ... skip na Port Elizabeth is. Die Bavarian het daar op .... Engelse kerk- pitaal, Lissa- toffel Nel hof, Lissabon bon. Caldas da. Pieter Jurgens. Afrikaner. 3 jaar. 17.5.01. Caldas da. Rainha. Wessels. Rainha. Caldas da. Nicolaas Johan-. Portugees.

  20. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-08-27

    Aug 27, 2015 ... reporting by medical officers and senior radiographers in an African hospital. Johan du Plessis1, Richard Pitcher1,&. 1Division of Radiodiagnosis, Department of Medical Imaging and Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch. University, Cape Town, South Africa.

  1. Alabi et al (19)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    is attractive as a selective solar absorber since it has high solar absorbency and a low thermal emittance. (Johan et al.,2011). The p-type semiconductor of copper oxide (CuO) is an important functional material used for gas sensors, magnetic storage media, solar energy transformation, electronics, semiconductors, varistors ...

  2. The making of S{u00E1mi ethnography : contested authorities and negotiated representations / Kristin Kuutma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuutma, Kristin, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Vaadeldakse saami autori Johan Turi raamatut Muitalus s{u00E1miid birra (1910) ja selle tõlget taani keelede Emilie Demant Hatti poolt ning uuritakse, millist autoritaarsust ja kultuurilist poeetikat see peegeldab ja millist sotsiaalset ja kultuurilist kriitikat ta edasi arendab

  3. Mees, kes liikus täiskäigul edasi või täiskäigul tagasi / Are Veski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veski, Are, 1958-

    2010-01-01

    Johan Pitka rajatud asundusest Kanadas 1924, mil ta Eestist välja rändas. Pitka nime kannavad nüüd sealne mägi, laht, jõgi ja tänav. Artikkel sisaldab katkendeid koguteosest "Eestlased Kanadas"

  4. Fanning the Flames of Reason: a personal view of logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Benthem, J.

    2015-01-01

    On 26 September 2014, Johan van Benthem, Professor of Pure and Applied Logic, delivered his valedictory lecture in the auditorium of the University of Amsterdam. Modern logic is the broad, exact science of information directed behaviour that plays an important role in connecting the humanities,

  5. Multi-parameter assessment of thrombus formation on microspotted arrays of thrombogenic surfaces

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2014-01-01

    Authors: Susanne de Witt, Frauke Swieringa, Judith Cosemans & Johan Heemskerk ### Abstract Thrombus formation by adhering and aggregating blood platelets is fundamental to hemostasis and is a prerequisite for vascular occlusion in pathological thrombosis. The parallel-plate flow chamber technique has been extensively used to measure platelet adhesion and activation in vitro at arterial or venous flow conditions. Here, we describe the use of brightfield and confocal fluorescence micros...

  6. The Important Factors influencing Brand Loyalty in Small E-Commerce Business: A Study of Thai Small E-Commerce Companies through Entrepreneurs’ Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Heingraj, Sasawan; Luenglertkul, Varin

    2011-01-01

    Date: June 3rd, 2011 Course: Master Thesis EFO 705, International Marketing Tutor: Johan Grinbergs Authors: Sasawan Heingraj (851007) and Varin Luenglertkul (840622) Title: The Important Factors influencing Brand Loyalty in Small E-Commerce Business: A Case Study of Thai Small E-Commerce Companies Problem: As the competitions in Thai e-commerce market are intense, price war is used as one strategy to compete competitors. To gain higher profit margins, brand loyalty is a key factor relating to...

  7. Kommunicera - Att förmedla en möjlighet : En studie av den interna kommunikationen på ABB Sverige i Västerås

    OpenAIRE

    Lindberg, Petra; Eriksson, Ida

    2011-01-01

    Title: Communicate – to provide an opportunity Authors: Ida Eriksson & Petra Lindberg Tutor: Johan Grinbergs, Mälardalen University Examiner: Cecilia Lindh Subject: Bachelor's essay, Business Administration Keywords: communication, internal communication, channels, communication models, communication theory, information, organization Purpose The idea of this study was to describe how ABB Sweden’s internal communication and information appeared in Västerås. The aim is also to see what too...

  8. Kerkwees: Verleentheid of geleentheid?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    die een en twintigste eeu' haal Johan Buitendag (2006:7) Immanuel Kant aan wat reeds in die agtiende eeu die ... Aan die ander kant is die sigbare gestalte van die kerk sedert die vroegste geskiedenis van die ...... of the ethics of Calvin to that of Augustine and their relevance today', in C.J. Smit,. W.A. Dreyer & J.J. Gerber ...

  9. Center for Intelligent Control Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-01

    34 November 1988 October 1987 Professor Roger W. Brockett, CICS Professor Karl Johan Astrom "Differential Equations that Sort and Lund Institute of Technology... Karl Robert Sloan Alan Knoew Stephen Strickland Felipe Martins Paul Tseng M~ohammed Messaoudene Yuui Wang Michael Miller Jichuan Yang Densi Mustafa...Professor Willsky, Dr. Karl , and their students engaged in research in discrete-event systems and in a number of problem areas in multidimensional

  10. An Investigation into the Use of Hypermutation as an Adaptive Operator in Genetic Algorithms Having Continuous, Time-Dependent Nonstationary Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-11

    1989. Astrom , Karl Johan and Wittenmark, Bjom, Adaptive Control, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts (1989). Deb, 1989. Deb...quality. In water turbines, the blade angle giving the max- imum output power varies with the water speed ( Astrom , 1989). , " Distribution/__ Manuscript...dominance and codomi- nance operators, to transform a population structure into a form that can be evaluated by the environment. 8. References Astrom

  11. Sub-Saharan Africa Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-07

    sources said they included: —Mr Johan Rupert, " crown prince" of the Rembrandt empire and son of Dr Anton Rupert. His name has been mentioned ever...South African physicists, engineers and technicians. This impressive scientific and technological achievement crowns 10 years of intense effort by...well as in the coal-fired power stations in South Africa. The mullite- zirconia ceramic material under development at the NIMR has an advantage in

  12. Sjögren, Wiedemann ja liivi keele sõnaraamat. Panus 19. sajandi teadusajalukku / Eberhard Winkler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Winkler, Eberhard, 1955-

    2009-01-01

    Uuritakse, milline võis olla kummagi teadlase osa esimese liivi keele sõnaraamatu koostamisel: Sjögren, Andreas Johan. Gesammelte Schriften. Band II. Theil I., Joh. Andreas Sjögren's Livische Grammatik nebst Sprachproben ; Band II. Theil II., Joh. Andreas Sjögren's livisch-deutsches und deutsch-livisches Wörterbuch / bearbeitet von Ferdinand Joh. Wiedemann. St. Petersburg, 1861

  13. Herbart och nedteckningssystemet

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsohn, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    This paper addresses some specific questions concerning the historical understanding of Johan Friedrich Herbarts ideas on pedagogy. The theoretical approach, adopted is found in Friedrich Kittler's work Discourse Networks 1800/1900 (1985). Kittler's theory can be seen as a development of media theory in the tradition from Marshall McLuhan, but it is also deeply dependent on the works of Michel Foucault. The latter influence is underlined by the fact that Kittler to large extent stresses the i...

  14. Pakistan’s Nuclear Future: Worries Beyond War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    company, Krisch Engineering) and Johan Meyer (a South African engineer).10 11. Mohammed Farooq, a KRL official in charge of procurement and sales...of overseas procurement for KRL .16 Others were long-time associates, whom he had met in the 1960s and 1970s. They included Peter Griffin (who was...People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) experts were seen visiting the Khan Research Laboratories ( KRL ).65 But the extent of his personal initiative in the

  15. Les traductions néerlandaises des romans francophones camerounais

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    28 mars 2016 ... ”Tradução e utopia póscolonial a intervenção invisível de Saramago.” “O que transforma o mundo é a necessidade e não a utopia”: Estudos sobre utopia e ficção em José Saramago. Ed. Burghar Baltrusch. Berlin: Frank & Timme GmbH, 2014. 73–93. Heilbron, Johan. “Towards a sociology of translation.

  16. Les traductions néerlandaises des romans francophones camerounais

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    28 mars 2016 ... mundo é a necessidade e não a utopia”: Estudos sobre utopia e ficção em José Saramago. Ed. Burghar Baltrusch. Berlin: Frank & Timme GmbH, 2014. 73–93. Heilbron, Johan. “Towards a sociology of translation. Book translations as a cultural world system.” European Journal of Social Theory 2.4 (1999): ...

  17. AFOSR Indo-UK -US Joint Physics Initiative for Study of Angular Optical Mode Fiber Amplification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-20

    Photon. Technol.Lett.11, 39 (1999) 21. Y. Panbiharwala, C. S. Kumar, D. Venkitesh, and B. Srinivasan in International Conference on Fibre Optics and...39 (1999) 24. Y. Panbiharwala, C. S. Kumar, D. Venkitesh, and B. Srinivasan in International Conference on Fibre Optics and Photonics, OSA Technical...AFRL-AFOSR-UK-TR-2017-0011 AFOSR Indo-UK -US Joint Physics Initiative for study of angular optical mode fiber amplification Johan Nilsson UNIVERSITY

  18. Шетел тілдерін үйренушілер үшін пайдалы кеңестер мен ұсыныстар

    OpenAIRE

    Vandewalle, Johan

    2017-01-01

    Useful suggestions and advice to foreign language students Dr. Johan Vandewalle, Ghent University, Belgium In the first part of this article, the author, who is a linguistics specialist and a polyglot, introduces himself and explains the factors underlying his eagerness to learn a great number of languages. The main reasons were his wish to fully comprehend the Turkic languages, his interest in linguistics, and the fact that, before visiting a country, he learns its language as a matte...

  19. Saksa asjalikkus ja kord 51. Mannheimi filmifesstivalil / Mart Kivastik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivastik, Mart, 1963-

    2002-01-01

    Mannheimi-Heidelbergi 51. filmifestival Saksamaal. Lähemalt kolmest mängufilmist rootslaste "Tokyo müra" ("Tokyo Noise") : režissöörid Kristian Petri, Jan Röed ja Johan Söderberg, ameeriklaste "Sitikas" ("Bug") : režissöör Matt Manfred ning hiinlaste "Kodutee" ("Wo de fu qin mu qin") : režissöör Zhang Yimou

  20. A unified model for context-based behavioural modelling and classification

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Dabrowski, JJ

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available for Context-Based Behavioural Modelling and Classification Joel Janek Dabrowskia,∗, Johan Pieter de Villiersb,a,∗∗ aDepartment of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Pretoria, 2 Lynnwood Rd, Pretoria, South Africa b... consists of tracked location data, ocean conditions, weather conditions, time of day, season of year, regional location data and vessel class ground truth. Each vessel in an environment is classified as either a pirate, transport or fishing vessel...

  1. Uus pianistide põlvkond : seitsmes Eesti pianistide konkurss / Arbo Valdma, Lauri Väinmaa, Toomas Vana, Age Juurikas...[jt.] ; küsitlenud Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu noorte pianistide konkursi žürii liikmete Arbo Valdma, Lauri Väinmaa, Toomas Vana, Age Juurikase ja Leelo Kõlariga Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia ning Eesti Klaveriõpetajate Ühingu korraldatud VII Eesti pianistide konkursist. Konkursi võitjaks tuli Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia üliõpilane Maksim Štšura. Auhinnalistele kohtadele tulid veel Ruslan Strogij, Margus Riimaa, Andre Hinn, Jaan Ots, Johan Randvere ja Aleksandra Kamenskaja

  2. Peace Journalism and News Coverage on Cyprus Conflict

    OpenAIRE

    Ersoy, Metin

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Peace journalism is a new concept in the academic field and the media sector. It is important to stress that peace journalism is a new kind of reporting, and it involves news selecting and news framing for the journalism profession. This dissertation, which conducted on the Cyprus Conflict present for more than five decades, makes a contribution to the peace journalism conception of Johan Galtung. The findings of this dissertation, which analyses the coverage of the Cyprus Conflict...

  3. Learning conflict resolution at school : the Sabona approach

    OpenAIRE

    Trunova, Ekaterina

    2011-01-01

    This study concerns Sabona, a conflict resolution program at school, which is theoretically and practically developed by Johan Galtung with the help of a group of practitioners. Sabona is built theoretically and methodologically on the Transcend conflict transformation concept, and belongs to the Transcend network. Sabona is claimed to be a conflict hygiene program at school, and develops a set of conflict transformative tools and norms, and provides a continuous non-violence oriented develop...

  4. Recommendations and Privacy Requirements for a Bring-Your-Own-Device User Policy and Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    compelling benefits of BYOD, and consequently, identified it as a long-term objective 1 Nicole Blake ...James, Sara Kalis, Henry Lederman, Chris Leh, Johan Lubbe, Cecil Lynn III, Suellen Oswald, Todd Ratshin, George Reardon, Mark Schneider, Paul Weiner...Johson, Nicole Blake . “Marine Corps Strategy Could Enable BYOD.” Federal Times, March 7, 2014. http://www.federaltimes.com/article/20140307/MOB

  5. Dannelsesreise eller virkelighetsflukt?

    OpenAIRE

    Moe, Ida Corneliussen

    2016-01-01

    Temaet for denne oppgaven er hvordan skjønnlitterære verk med reise som motiv kan leses som reiselitteratur. For å kunne svare på dette har jeg gjort en analyse av reisemotivet i romanene Parissyndromet av Heidi Furre og Buzz Aldrin, hvor ble det av deg i alt mylderet? av Johan Harstad. Oppgaven består av fire deler. I første del innledes oppgavens tema, problemstilling og struktur. Andre del består av en teorigjennomgang der jeg undersøker ulike definisjoner av reiselitteratur. Her tre...

  6. Romantisme og folkeviser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Vibeke Arendse

    2011-01-01

    in the Ground (???)/ The Buried Mother] and DgF 76, Ridder Stigs Bryllup [The Marriage of Sir Stig]. The writer, poet and critic, Johan Ludvig Heiberg, wrote a dissertation about the play. In here he looks upon the nationalistic and aestetic aspects of the play and discusses the genre. His work is discussed...... of the Supernatural and the Historical Ballads give themes to the more or less romantic re-makes. In this paper I look upon a play written by Henrik Hertz: Svend Dyrings Huus [The House of Svend Dyring] from 1837. His inspiration comes from two ballads of the supernatural, DgF 89, Moderen under Mulde [The Mother...

  7. Women's Rights, Human Rights, and Duties: From Domination to Partnership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lester R. Kurtz

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The idea of women's rights as human rights can facilitate our identifying the causes, consequences, and potential remedies for the current quagmire in which we find themselves, but it needs some reformulation. To the traditional understandings of human rights, I add four conceptual tools: (1 Mahatma Gandhi’s idea of the counterparts of rights and duties, (2 Eisler’s concept of partnership (as opposed to dominator societies, (3 Johan Galtung’s expansion of our conception of violence to include its structural and cultural forms, and, finally, (4 the literature on nonviolence as a path to mobilization and transformation that resists existing social structures and builds new ones.

  8. Propuesta de una Epistemología Antropológica para la Paz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Jiménez Bautista

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se pretende realizar una puesta al día de las epistemologías para hacer las paces, haciendo un esfuerzo por superar y completar los planteamientos desarrollados por Johan Galtung. Construir un mundo de paces implica partir de un mundo de violencia en el que se encuentra sometida toda la humanidad. Crear un modelo antropológico de paz implica superar viejos conceptos e introducirse en nuevas formas de conocer y plantear la paz: interna, social y gaia hasta concluir en una paz transcultural.

  9. A study of crumb rubber modified bitumen used in South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mturi, GAJ

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available and Pavement Design, 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2014.910130 A study of crumb rubber modified bitumen used in South Africa Georges A.J. Mturi (a), Johan O’Connell (a), Salah E. Zoorob (b) and Morris De Beer (a) (a)Transport Infrastructure... Engineering, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), PO Box 395, Pretoria 0001, South Africa; (b)Department of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, 31750 Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia (Received 3 December 2013; accepted 25 March 2014...

  10. Flight test report Focke Wulf Piaggio P149D-TP 2015

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Barker, D

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available turboprop engine + 1300 hours on Pratt & Whitney turbo- propeller engines. Aircraft Maintenance Organisation. Mr Johan Lok, (Warbirds, (Pty) Ltd). Flight Test Management. The flight test programme was managed by the programme manager through a Safety... weights in baggage compartment. Cradle tested to 2 limit loading cases required by FAR 23.361 and 23.363. A turbine torque factor of 1.6 and a factor of safety of 1.5 were included in load calcs Inspections on critical airframe structure viz...

  11. Variations of The Fifth Dimension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Tine

    jeg rede for min forskningsinteresse. Tillige indeholder kapitlet en gennemgang af afhandlingens kernebegreber, så som computeren som enzym, kompetente subjektiviteter og variationer, ligeledes introduceres analyseenheden event og fremstillingen af empirisk materiale som 5D-historier. Yderligere...... undergik i den sammenhæng en del forandringer. Kapitel 5, Humans, things and the social, opridser med udgangspunkt i 5D-historie, ’Building a fence’, teoretiske overvejelser om subjekt-objekt relatio­nen på baggrund af den svenske antropolog, Johan Asplunds arbejde, som suppleres af Aktør-Netværks Teori...

  12. Genetic alterations in syndromes with oral manifestations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishnamurthy Anuthama

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ever since Gregor Johan Mendel proposed the law of inheritance, genetics has transcended the field of health and has entered all walks of life in its application. Thus, the gene is the pivoting factor for all happenings revolving around it. Knowledge of gene mapping in various diseases would be a valuable tool in prenatally diagnosing the condition and averting the future disability and stigma for the posterity. This article includes an array of genetically determined conditions in patients seen at our college out-patient department with complete manifestation, partial manifestation and array of manifestations not fitting into a particular syndrome.

  13. Logic and Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella; Gierasimczuk, Nina; de Jong, Dick

    2014-01-01

    of information processing, but likewise helped bring logic and learning in close proximity. This proximity relation is examined with respect to learning and belief revision, updating and efficiency, and with respect to how learnability fits in the greater scheme of dynamic epistemic logic and scientific method.......Learning and learnability have been long standing topics of interests within the linguistic, computational, and epistemological accounts of inductive in- ference. Johan van Benthem’s vision of the “dynamic turn” has not only brought renewed life to research agendas in logic as the study...

  14. [Määramised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Ametisse määramised: Kaitseväe peainspektor (alates 18.09.2010) kolonel Jüri Järveläinen ; Meditsiiniteenistuse ülem, kaitseväe peaarst (alates 01.09.2009) kolonelleitnant Kersti Lea ; 1. jalaväebrigaadi staabiülem (alates 18.09.2010) kolonelleitnant Toomas Möls ; Kuperjanovi jalaväepataljoni ülem (alates 01.07.2010) major Maidu Allikas ; Mereväe Miinilaevade Divisjoni ülem (alates 06.08.2010) kaptenmajor Johan-Elias Seljamaa ; Lääne Kaitseringkonna ülem (alates 18.09.2010) major Margus Rebane

  15. Gauss: La revolución de las matemáticas del siglo XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Gutierrez, Santiago

    2005-01-01

    Hace 150 años, el 23 de febrero de 1855, moría, en Gotinga, a la edad de setenta y siete años, Johan Friedrich Carl Gauss o, simplemente, Carl Friedrich Gauss, como él mismo quiso ser llamado. Eran tiempos de revolución y progreso: comenzaba la revolución industrial en Inglaterra, en Estados Unidos se perforaba el primer pozo de petróleo (1859), la economía estaba dominada por las teorías liberales de Adam Smith mientras se gestaba la creación de la Internacional Socialista, Darwin publicaba ...

  16. “The Invention of Fact”: Autobiography, Biography, Fiction

    OpenAIRE

    Rowan, Lou

    2018-01-01

    Comparing the sources of a novel and a biography leads to the paradox that the freedom of fiction can allow a more “realistic” treatment of character than the restriction of biography to documented facts allows. The distinctions and the paradox are asserted to be less poignant and crucial in the light of David Antin’s theory of narrative and Johan Huizinga’s exploration of the play element of culture. La comparaison des sources d’un roman et de celles d’une biographie conduit au paradoxe q...

  17. Participants` ”Game” in Casual Conversation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena BONTA

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper foregrounds the idea that any casual conversation may be considered as a serious game, at the level of which, different other games can be identified: the game of the participants, that of the code, context, message and contact. The paper, draws on Johan Huizinga`s conception about games and John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern` s theory of games, and represents an attempt of analysing just one kind of game in casual conversation, that is, that of the participants, in order to establish its main objectives and traits.

  18. Eesti moodsa ajaloo IX konverents 20.-21. juunil 2005 Tallinnas / Väino Sirk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sirk, Väino, 1942-

    2006-01-01

    Ajaloo Instituudis toimunud konverentsist "Eestlaste kultuuriline, majanduslik ja poliitiline enesemääramine : ootused ja tegelikkus (19. sajandi keskpaigast tänapäevani)". Ettekannetega esinesid Toomas Anepaio (1889. aasta õigusreform - rahvuslikud ootused ja riiklikud vastused), Lea Leppik, Johan Eellend, Tiit Rosenberg, Olavi Arens (Eesti vähemusrahvaste õigused ja enesemääramine Eesti riigi asutamise algaastail), Tiina Metso, Jaak Valge, Martin Klesment, Olaf Mertelsmann, Väino Sirk, Kari Kaunismaa, Anu Kannike, Terje Anepaio, Hans Jörgensen, Rein Ruutsoo, Priit Raudkivi

  19. Genetic alterations in syndromes with oral manifestations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anuthama, Krishnamurthy; Prasad, Harikrishnan; Ramani, Pratibha; Premkumar, Priya; Natesan, Anuja; Sherlin, Herald J

    2013-11-01

    Ever since Gregor Johan Mendel proposed the law of inheritance, genetics has transcended the field of health and has entered all walks of life in its application. Thus, the gene is the pivoting factor for all happenings revolving around it. Knowledge of gene mapping in various diseases would be a valuable tool in prenatally diagnosing the condition and averting the future disability and stigma for the posterity. This article includes an array of genetically determined conditions in patients seen at our college out-patient department with complete manifestation, partial manifestation and array of manifestations not fitting into a particular syndrome.

  20. The inverse brachistochrone problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez, Raul; Gomez, Sandra; Marquina, Vivianne

    2004-03-01

    Ever since Johan Bernoulli^1 challenge the mathematicians of his time with the problem of finding the least time trajectory (brachistochrone) of a body moving in the uniform gravitational field between two points not in the same vertical line, many papers have been published relating different facets of this problem. In this work we use simplified forms of Euler equations to find the expression that defines the brachistochrone associated with an arbitrary potential energy function and also the expression that determines the potential energy function for which an arbitrary curve would be a brachistochrone, ^1J. Bernoulli. Problema novum ad cujus solutionem mathematice invitantur. Acta Eruditorum Lipsiae, June 1696.

  1. Application of fundamental lemma of variational calculus to the problem for the brachistochrone

    OpenAIRE

    Risteska, Aleksandra; Kokalanov, Vasko; Gicev, Vlado

    2015-01-01

    Variational calculus studied methods for finding maximum and minimum values of functional. It has its inception in 1696 year by Johan Bernoulli with its glorious problem for the brachistochrone: to find a curve, connecting two points A and B , which does not lie in a vertical, so that heavy point descending on this curve from position A to reach position in for at least time. In functional analysis variational calculus takes the same space, as well as theory of maxima and minimum intensity i...

  2. Löögiüksuse "Admiral Pitka" formeerimine ja tegevus / Toomas Hiio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Johan Pitka tegevusest 1940-1944. Tema lähematest kaastöölistest Paul Laamannist ja Evald Karotoomest. Löögiüksuse formeerimisest Saksa ametkondade asjaajamises ning Evald Karotoomi ja Paul Laamanni tunnistuste järgi. Kes kuulusid Pitka löögirühma. Saadik Aleksander Warma suhtumisest Pitka löögiüksuse moodustamisse. Vastuolust Soomes viibinud mõõdukate eestlaste ja Harald Vellneri ning Karl Talpaku vahel. Löögirühma tegevusest Tallinnas sakslaste taandumise ajal.

  3. ‘Sou niet te duchten staen gewetens scharpe dwang’: Politieke beschouwingen in Joost van den Vondels Palamedes en Baruch de Spinoza’s Theologisch-Politiek Traktaat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mike Keirsbilck

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In 1625 Joost van den Vondel published Palamedes, a play that is usually readas an allegory on the execution of Johan van Oldenbarnevelt. When reading Spinoza's Theological-Political Treatise (1670 it appears that the history of thisexecution still was relevant. Because the two authors share this topic one would suppose a certain connection. Yet, in the factual Vondel and Spinoza studies, the dominant theory states there is little that binds the two authors. With my analyses of their texts I would like to show that it could be useful to approach their connection from another perspective.

  4. Baudelaire et les estampes

    OpenAIRE

    Chagniot, Claire

    2018-01-01

    Les estampes ont inspiré à Baudelaire des essais sur le rire et sur les caricaturistes français et étrangers, sans doute conçus dès 1846. Sa correspondance montre qu’il a connu Gavarni et qu’il fut proche d’Honoré Daumier. Après 1860, il fut en relation avec Charles Meryon et avec plusieurs aquafortistes d’avant-garde, Félix Bracquemond, Édouard Manet, Alphonse Legros, Johan Barthold Jongkind, James McNeill Whistler et Félicien Rops. Il projeta même de collaborer avec certains d’entre eux et ...

  5. Modeling laser brightness from cross porro prism resonators

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Forbes, A

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available and for making experimental data available to us. We would also like to thank Dr Johan Steyl and Mr Gerhard Buchner for useful discussions on the subject of crossed porro prism resonators. REFERENCES 1. G. Gould, S. Jacobs, P. Rabinowitz and T. Shultz..., independent of the angle of incidence. Thus an initial planar wavefront remains planar after reflection. This property was initially exploited in Michelson interferometers to relax the tolerances on mis-alignment, and then proposed in 1962 by Gould et al1...

  6. Kunsti salakäik : Kumu Kunstimuuseum = A secret art passage / Panu Lehtovuori

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtovuori, Panu, 1968-

    2006-01-01

    Kumu hoonest, selle suhtest linnaga, hilismodernistlikust muuseumist, kunsti ja muuseumihoone suhtest. Projekteerija: Arkkitehtitoimisto Vapaavuori OY. Arhitekt Pekka Vapaavuori. Kaasautorid: Johan Roman, Miikka Hirsimäki, Pia Sabelström, Marcus Uppmeier, Elina Juureva, Mika Väisänen, Sauli Luttinen (3D). Sisekujundus: Pia Sabelström. Mööbel: Pille Lausmäe, Sisustusarkkitehdit Gullsten-Inkinen. Maastik: DIA Arhitektuur OÜ. Konstruktor: Neoprojekt OÜ. Ehitusfirmad: AS Merko Ehitus, AS Eesti Ehitus. Võistlus 1994, valmis 2005. Kommentaar Pekka Vapaavuorilt. Ill.: II ja V korruse plaan, 2 värv. välis- ja 5 sisevaadet

  7. Análisis de los efectos económicos y socio-políticos en Chile de la tradición exportadora minera y del TLC entre China y Chile, en especial para el período 2006-2012

    OpenAIRE

    Patrón Trujillo, Paula Andrea

    2015-01-01

    Esta monografía pretende evaluar los efectos de la tradición exportadora minera y el TLC entre China y Chile desde las perspectivas de violencia estructural y desarrollo como libertad de Amartya Sen y Johan Galtung, respectivamente. A través del análisis de algunos procesos históricos que han configurado las actuales dinámicas mineras y comerciales en Chile, y de las libertades reales que poseían los chilenos antes y después de la entrada en vigor del acuerdo, se logra comprender la manera en...

  8. Die transformative Kraft der Sprache : Reden und Schweigen in der neuen deutschen Erinnerungsliteratur

    OpenAIRE

    Assmann, Aleida

    2011-01-01

    The concept of the “magic circle” (Johan Huizinga) defines the stage and the specific performative conditions for magic to work. This concept which was applied by Huizinga to spaces such as the courtroom, the church or the theatre is extended in this essay to the page of the literary text. It is argued that something of the age-old magic of oral poetry is preserved in contemporary German memory fiction that stages an encounter with dead family members. In novels by Peter Härtling (Nachgetrage...

  9. Editorial Revista Contaduría y Administración No. 234

    OpenAIRE

    López Herrera Francisco; Garcia Narvaez Alberto

    2011-01-01

    En un contexto de fuerte competencia, el análisis minucioso y preciso de las relaciones mercado-producto es un elemento indispensable para el diseño de estrategias de mercado que puedan contar con buenas probabilidades de éxito. Johan H. Martínez, Hugo Alberto Rivera R., Carlos E. Maldonado y Rubén Iván A. Mendoza presentan su trabajo de investigación Adquisición de ventajas competitivas mediante la generación de un territorio estratégico. En él se muestra la propuesta mediante la cual dichos...

  10. Eesti Vabariigi 90. aastapäeva tähistamise muljeid / Vello Helk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helk, Vello, 1923-2014

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi juubeliaasta tähistamisest, endiste riigijuhtide mälestuse austamisest. Käsitletud on ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõnesid kindral Johan Laidoneri mälestusloengul Viimsi mõisas 12. veebruaril 2008, Ajutise Valitsuse liikmete büstide näituse avamisel 14. veebruaril 2008 Eesti Pangas, Eesti Vabariigi väljakuulutamise monumendi avamisel Pärnus 23. veebruaril 2008 ja Eesti Vabariigi väljakuulutamise 90. aastapäeva pidulikul kontsertaktusel 24. veebruaril 2008. Ilmunud ka: Eesti Elu 15. aug. 2008, lk. 5; Eesti Päevaleht (Stockholm) 28. aug. 2008, lk. 3

  11. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Ia Remmel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remmel, Ia, 1965-

    2016-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Gidon Kremer pälvis Praemium Imperiale preemia. Selgunud on Gramophone'i auhindade laureaadid. Shanghai viiulikonkursi võitis jaapanlanna Mayu Kishima. Esa-Pekka Salonenil uus positsioon Soome Rahvusooperis. Murray Perahia vahetas Sony plaadifirma DG vastu. Korea dirigent Myung-Whun Chung uues ametis. Marcel Johannes Kits võitis Johanes Brahmsi nimelise konkursi Austrias. Eurovisiooni klassikakonkursi võitis poola saksofonist Lukasz Dyczko. Edvard Griegi konkursi võitis Ah Ruem Ahn. Suri suupillivirtuoos Toots Thielemans

  12. Paz neutra y la realidad indígena como constructura de espacios neutrales de paz

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Jiménez Bautista

    2006-01-01

    En este artículo se aborda la definición de paz, y del concepto de paz neutra como una nueva forma de interpretar el triángulo de violencia de Johan Galtung sobre violencia y paz. La violencia en sus distintas forma directa, estructural, cultural y/o simbólica y la paz como negativa, positiva y neutra. La paz neutra es la implicación activa para reducir la violencia cultural. La categoría paz encierra las adjetivaciones (negativa, positiva y neutra) como formas abstractas para reducir la viol...

  13. Seeing the History of the Earth in the Cliffs at Møn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedin, Gry

    2013-01-01

    During the first part of the nineteenth century, geologists developed a history of the earth so different from that accepted in previous centuries that it encouraged a rethinking of the relationship between man and nature. In this article I will argue that painters followed these changes closely...... to the texts and images of Søren Abildgaard, Henrich Steffens, Johan Georg Forchhammer, and Christopher Puggaard and discuss how their changing theories correspond with paintings of the cliffs by four artists, Christopher Wilhelm Eckersberg, Frederik Sødring, Louis Gurlitt, and Peter Christian Skovgaard....

  14. Structural Violence on Women: An Impediment to Women Empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Parul; Gupta, Uma; Singh, Jyotsna; Srivastava, Anand

    2017-01-01

    Violence on women has been present in our society since times immemorial. The ethics, the values, the morals, the culture of the society has been framed in such a way or we can say structured in such a way so as to promote exploitation of this segment which is in reality the root of the society. The concept of STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE was introduced by Johan Galtung in 1969. It refers to a form of violence wherein some http://www.studylecturenotes.com/social-sciences/sociology/370-social-institution-definitions-a-structure-of-social-institution social institution may harm people by preventing them from meeting their basic needs. Violence against women has taken the form of a global epidemic which has taken its toll on the physical, psychological, sexual and economic life of the female. Johan Galtung in "Violence, Peace and Peace Studies", 1969 has rightly remarked "when one husband beats his wife, there is a clear case of personal violence, but when one million husbands keep one million wives in ignorance, there is structural violence". India has been slow in its pace for action against violence on women, but the brutal gang- rape of a 23 year old Delhi girl on December 2012 aroused the Indians from their deep slumber on this issue. Structural violence is a demon against women that is devouring the society. The combined efforts of Government NGO's and most important, the sufferers of this violence, the women have to take a major step to fight this dragon.

  15. Handbook of Optimization From Classical to Modern Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Snášel, Václav; Abraham, Ajith

    2013-01-01

    Optimization problems were and still are the focus of mathematics from antiquity to the present. Since the beginning of our civilization, the human race has had to confront numerous technological challenges, such as finding the optimal solution of various problems including control technologies, power sources construction, applications in economy, mechanical engineering and energy distribution amongst others. These examples encompass both ancient as well as modern technologies like the first electrical energy distribution network in USA etc. Some of the key principles formulated in the middle ages were done by Johannes Kepler (Problem of the wine barrels), Johan Bernoulli (brachystochrone problem), Leonhard Euler (Calculus of Variations), Lagrange (Principle multipliers), that were formulated primarily in the ancient world and are of a geometric nature. In the beginning of the modern era, works of L.V. Kantorovich and G.B. Dantzig (so-called linear programming) can be considered amongst others. This book disc...

  16. The Making of Sami Ethnography: Contested Authorities and Negotiated Representations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristin Kuutma

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This contribution analyzes the interplay of ethnographic and poetic agendas, the negotiation of synergetic or conflicting objectives in the production and editing of a seminal representation of the Sámi, Muitalus sámiid birra. My main focus is on the collaborative effort of the publication process, to investigate the emergence and negotiation of representational authority, of cultural poetics, of social and cultural critique, in order to defy the preconception of a passive informant of a cultural experience. The Sámi narrator Johan Turi is discussed, instead, as an active agent in providing a voice to the Sámi people in the collaborative process of ethnography writing. My approach is interdisciplinary, being inspired by different inquiries in anthropology and cultural history, while adding a subjective interpretation in discerning the production of a multifaceted ethnographic representation, both by the cultural insider and the inquisitive outsider.

  17. Art of Play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Froes, Isabel Cristina G.; Walker, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    Play is a key element in cultural development, according to the Dutch historian Johan Huizinga. Nowadays many of us interact with other people in online games and social networks, through multiple digital devices. But harnessing playful activities for museum learning is mostly undeveloped....... In this chapter we explore play as a structure to support visitor learning, drawing from international research in museums and interaction design. Specifically, we explore four aspects of play first proposed by Huizinga (2002) — the ‘free-choice’ aspect of play, play as distinct from ‘real life,’ play...... as an ordering structure, and the role of play in bridging communities. We argue that play provides museums with ready-made structures and concepts which help them plan for visitor learning....

  18. Bingo! Holy play in experience-oriented society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Groot, Kees

    2017-06-01

    What place is there for holy play in experience-oriented society? Is it possible and useful to make analytic distinctions between the liturgical quality of events? I explored these questions by doing research on the boundaries between the religious field and the field of leisure. Fifty site visits to public events in the Netherlands (2006-2014) resulted in a collection of ethnographic data. I used the concept of play as introduced by the Dutch historian Johan Huizinga and the tools of ritual studies to explore whether these could help to produce an account of the liturgical quality of ritualized meetings. Holy play might be found in unexpected places, such as in a bingo hall. Huizinga's broad diagnosis of modernity may be outdated, but the tools he introduced remain useful to distinguish the elements that constitute late-modern meetings as more or less playful - even when this involves combinations that seem contradictory from Huizinga's own point of view.

  19. DEBRET E RUGENDAS NOS LIVROS DIDÁTICOS: ENSINO DE HISTÓRIA POR MEIO DE IMAGENS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Alves de Oliveira

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Esse estudo tem como objetivo discutir o uso de imagens na compreensão de História, considerando este como um importante recurso didático e metodológico a ser utilizado na prática docente. Sendo assim, selecionamos algumas obras de Jean-Baptiste Debret e Johan Moritiz Rugendas como objetos de analise devido às importantes contribuições culturais à história, durante sua permanência no Brasil. Para a melhor compreensão desse ensaio, observamos livros didáticos e suas características, a fim de reconhecer a iconografia como parte relevante que compõe o processo de ensino de História.

  20. The Sportive Origin of Revolution: Youth Movements and Generational Conflicts in Late Colonial Algeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakob Krais

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting in the 1920s and 30s, youth came to be seen, in colonial Algeria as elsewhere in the Arab world, as a social category that educators, academics and politicians had to deal with in one way or another. Modernizers and many young men and women established a host of youth movements from the 1920s onwards: cultural circles and student associations, sports teams and scout troops as well as youth wings of political parties. In this contribution I examine such youth movements and the generational conflicts they brought with them in French Algeria from around 1930 until the achievement of independence in 1962. Based on theories by Johan Huizinga and José Ortega y Gasset about the generative potential of generational communities centered around play, I will demonstrate the importance of allegedly non-political youth groups for the social and political transformations in late colonial Algeria.

  1. Towards a pluralist epistemological approach in studies on communication and change: humanism, science and environmentalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Pedro Carañana

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a pluralistic epistemological approach to the investigation of the relationships between communication and social change. To this end, it draws on the proposal of epistemological merger posed by Johan Galtung for Peace Studies and takes into account the specifics of the communication phenomenon. According to Galtung, the combination of Cartesianism, the verum-factum (Vico and Taoism would counter the risks of epistemological monism and overcome its limitations. In this sense, the article proposes to extend each of these epistemologies in a more general and encompassing level (science, humanities, holistic-dialectical environmentalism and describes its historical trajectory to identify the possibilities of complementarity and its value for the study of communication and change.

  2. Elections to the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (“The Nine”) 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Philippe Tock, spokesperson of the "Nine"

    2014-01-01

    The electronic voting process for the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (“The Nine”) was closed on Thursday 28 August 2014 at 17.00.   Of the 511 Senior Staff members eligible to vote, 302 voted. This represents a participation of 59%, to be compared to 63% in 2013, 61% in 2012, 43% in 2011, 44% in 2010, 57% in 2009, 53% in 2008, 63% in 2007, 64% in 2006 and 66% in 2005. The results are: Electoral group 1 (Research Physicists) Candidate Dept Votes Result Urs WIEDEMANN PH 155 ELECTED   Electoral group 2 (Applied Physicists, Engineers, Computer Scientists) Candidate Dept Votes Result Johan BREMER TE 59   Horst BREUKER PH 17   Olivier BRUNNER BE 41   Katy FORAZ EN 55   Wolfgang HOFLE BE 8   Yacine KADI EN 12   Pierre NININ GS 14   Mauro NONIS EN 14 &...

  3. O Maravilhoso País do Orkut: sobre jogos, racionalidade , nonsense e frivolidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Prysthon

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Departing from the concept of Homo Ludens by Johan Huizinga, from the connections between Aesthetics and everyday experience, from some Habermasian notions of rationality and from the nonsense as deployed by Deleuze, this essay intends to relate the fascination for banality and the consolidation of an aesthetics of frivolity (both very present in the Orkut with the ideas of rationality and the ludic in contemporary culture. If the Orkut appeared as a platform of social networking, it is indubitable the proliferation of games and “inutilities” in the system (especially in its Brazilian branch. In this sense, playfulness, laughter, the ephemeral, frivolities, all of this form the kernel of our analysis of Orkut.

  4. O lúdico no discurso poético de Bartolomeu Campos Queirós

    OpenAIRE

    Zelaquett, Andréa Garcia

    2012-01-01

    Resumo: A presente dissertação de Mestrado tem como tema principal a análise dos aspectos lúdicos no discurso poético de Bartolomeu Campos Queirós. Tal análise divide-se em três capítulos. No primeiro, centralizamos o objetivo em estabelecer uma relação entre metáfora, poesia e ludicidade nos campos filosófico, antropológico, fenomenológico e literário. Buscamos, portanto, apoio teórico em Johan Huizinga, Gaston Bachelard e Gilbert Durand. Procuramos mostrar que as metáforas no discurso de Qu...

  5. Jogos, sociabilidade e conflito no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Édison Gastaldo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Games, competitions and plays are some of the most constant phenomena of human experience. According to the classic formulation of Johan Huizinga’s Homo ludens (from 1938, culture itself would derive its fundamental features from the elementary structure of play. To him, poetry, law, war, music, religion and everything we regard as serious, sacred and respectful derive at some level from ancient sacred games, and still keep their elementary features. In social theory, the participation in games and competitions usually highlights their symbolic, ritual and communicational aspects, as well as their links to wider sociability networks. However, it should be noted that game-like situations show a great potential for the expression of social dramas, as they develop the passion they raise out of the dramatic tension of the conflicts they represent. In this paper, starting from two ethnographic experiences, we wish to explore the symbolic dimension of ordinary participation in games in Brazilian culture.

  6. Representações da violência em A guerra dos bastardos, de Ana Paula Maia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Losada Soler

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available La novela A Guerra dos Bastardos, de Ana Paula Maia presenta un denso cuadro de violencias ficcionales. El hecho de su autoría femenina es relevante para nuestro análisis. Encontramos en este texto todas las formas de violencia contenidas en el triángulo de Johan Galtung: violencias visibles o directas, invisibles o estructurales, y violencias culturales, así como diversas manifestaciones de la violencia simbólica como la analizó Pierre Bourdieu. Estas violencias son representadas con técnicas diversas: brutalismo, ironía, “gore”, distanciamiento etc. Nuestro trabajo tiene como eje el análisis de estas formas de representación, y en especial el tratamiento literario dado a la descripción de la violencia contra la mujer y de la violencia ejercida por la mujer.

  7. La violencia de género contra las mujeres en Yucatán

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Janet Paredes Guerrero

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan los tipos de violencia: doméstica, institucional y feminicida, usando el concepto de “violencia de género contra las mujeres”, en combinación con las dimensiones de la violencia propuestas por Johan Galtung: interpersonal, estructural y cultural/simbólica, para demostrar que la violencia de género contra las mujeres en el estado de Yucatán, México, se ejerce no sólo en el hogar, sino también en las instituciones y en las representaciones colectivas, espacios en los que todavía se concibe a la mujer como un símbolo objeto, lo cual condiciona la aparición de conductas de violencia extrema que potencialmente desembocan en feminicidio.

  8. Elections to the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (“The Nine”) 2013

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Philippe Tock, spokesperson of the "Nine"

    2013-01-01

    The electronic voting process for the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (“The Nine”) was closed on Thursday, 29 August 2013 at 18.00. Of the 503 Senior Staff members eligible to vote, 316 voted. This represents a participation of 63%, compared to 61% in 2012, 43% in 2011, 44% in 2010, 57% in 2009, 53% in 2008, 63% in 2007, 64% in 2006 and 66% in 2005. The results are: Electoral group 1 (Research Physicists) Candidate Dept Votes Result Augusto CECCUCCI PH 157 ELECTED   Electoral group 2 (Applied Physicists, Engineers, Computer Scientists) Candidate Dept Votes Result Ronny BILLEN BE 32   Johan BREMER TE 35   Katy FORAZ EN 51   Malika MEDDAHI TE 72 ELECTED Pierre NININ GS 10   Thomas OTTO TE 15   Sandro PALESTINI PH 17   Christoph REMBSER PH 54   Thierry STO...

  9. Quantum independent increment processes

    CERN Document Server

    Franz, Uwe

    2005-01-01

    This volume is the first of two volumes containing the revised and completed notes lectures given at the school "Quantum Independent Increment Processes: Structure and Applications to Physics". This school was held at the Alfried-Krupp-Wissenschaftskolleg in Greifswald during the period March 9 – 22, 2003, and supported by the Volkswagen Foundation. The school gave an introduction to current research on quantum independent increment processes aimed at graduate students and non-specialists working in classical and quantum probability, operator algebras, and mathematical physics. The present first volume contains the following lectures: "Lévy Processes in Euclidean Spaces and Groups" by David Applebaum, "Locally Compact Quantum Groups" by Johan Kustermans, "Quantum Stochastic Analysis" by J. Martin Lindsay, and "Dilations, Cocycles and Product Systems" by B.V. Rajarama Bhat.

  10. La Universidad como espacio de mediación cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem FRIJHOFF

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Los organizadores de este congreso me han concedido el tremendo honor de situar mi conferencia al final de nuestros trabajos, incluso recortando el tiempo disponible hasta un punto extremo. Me atrae la tentación de entregar un breve resumen de lo que se ha dicho y tratado, y ello porque algunas de las contribuciones que aquí se han presentado cosquillean, incluso provocan hasta un grado difícil de aguantar la conciencia profesional del historiador que soy. No se me ha pedido preparar una síntesis o una réplica. Por eso no lo haré. Al menos en la forma debida, porque tampoco puedo escabullirme del todo. ¿No es acaso la historia, como decía mi compatriota, el eminente historiador de la cultura que era Johan Huizinga, «una perpétua discusión»?

  11. Mini researchers for massive experiments

    CERN Multimedia

    Mélissa Lanaro

    2011-01-01

    On Friday 15 April, CERN welcomed the first classes participating in the “Dans la peau d’un chercheur” project. Over the last two months, students from 30 primary school classes have been gaining new insight into life as a researcher and learning the principles of the experimental method (see Bulletin No. 05-06/2011). The school visits to CERN or the University of Geneva are an important part of the project. For a few hours, students are given the chance to meet physicists to get a behind-the-scenes look at experimental physics in “real” laboratories. Laetitia Dufay-Chanat and Johan Bremer, from the cryogenics laboratory, delighted students from the Ornex School (see photo) by conducting experiments demonstrating different states of matter.      

  12. Playing With Antidepressants: Perspectives From Indian Australians and Anglo-Australians Living With Depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brijnath, Bianca; Antoniades, Josefine

    2017-11-01

    Patient perspectives were explored on the meaning and experience of antidepressant use by applying Johan Huizinga's theory of play to interviews from Indian Australians and Anglo-Australians diagnosed with depression. Through the analysis, the centrality of Huizinga's "magic circle" emerged, that is, defining the boundaries within which one could safely play. Consumption of antidepressants involved learning, breaking, and modulating rules of the game of adherence, then forging a new "magic circle." In these games, there were playful elements including experimentation, improvisation, absorption, and experiential learning. This application of Huizinga's theory in relation to antidepressant use is a novel approach in the literature on medication non/adherence. This application not only opens a new theoretical line of inquiry but also shows that antidepressant non/adherence is not a static practice but dynamic and changing, revealing critical insights around participant's agency, capabilities, desires, and notions of selfhood with regard to managing their depression and conceptualizing their recovery.

  13. 80 aastat tagasi : Detsember 1928. 2 / Mati Märtin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märtin, Mati

    2008-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest 80 aastat tagasi: Viljandi Koidu koori kontserdil Viljandi Jaani kirikus esitati muusikat Beethovenist Tobiase ja Türnpuni, 16. dets. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus hiljuti ülesseatud oreli heaks esinesid Ph. Lorenzsonn orelil ja H. Anderson tshellol ning tütarlaste gümnaasiumi laulukoor, Rakvere kirikus kandis kohalik kirikukoor ette Händeli oratooriumi "Messias" (solistideks Paula Brehm-Jürgenson, H. Kubu ja Karl Viitol, orelil Enn Võrk), 13. dets. toimus konsistooriumis liturgilise, agenda ja vaimuliku muusika komisjoni koosolek (kirikumuusikute kursuse kavaga esines August Topman), Tartu Ülikooli kiriku lauluseltsi Cantate Domino segakoor ja naiskoor esinesid jumalateenistustel Ülikooli kirikus, 13. dets. suri Tartu Jaani koguduse ja Saksa Meestelaulu Seltsi koorijuht Herman Johan Nikolai von Andrae

  14. News from the Holy Land – Akzeptanz von Konfliktberichterstattung im Fernsehen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jutta Möckel

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Ansätze für den Friedensjournalismus existieren in verschiedener Form. Viele Modelle orientieren sich an den Arbeiten von Johan Galtung und Wilhelm Kempf. Ob diese Modelle jedoch realistisch sind, hängt davon ab, wie das Publikum auf Friedensjournalismus reagiert. Eine zentrale Frage ist deshalb: Wird eine friedensorientierte Berichterstattung von den Rezipienten besser oder ähnlich bewertet als eine Berichterstattung, die einen eskalationsorientierten Bias enthält? Die vorliegende Studie untersucht diese Fragestellungen anhand von Filmmaterial über den israelisch-palästinensischen Konflikt. Die Ergebnisse der Untersuchung zeigen, dass friedensorientierte Berichterstattung nicht nur genauso angenommen wird wie Mainstream-Berichterstattung, sondern in einigen Aspekten sogar besser bewertet wird.

  15. Título da página electrónica: Transcend – A Peace and Development Organisation for Conflict Transformation by Peaceful Means

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Rafael Simões

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Transcend é uma organização de mediação de conflitos que tem como objectivo colocar a experiência e o conhecimento ao serviço das práticas de transformação de conflitos, construção da paz e desenvolvimento. Fundada em 1993 por Johan Galtung – seu director e um dos pais fundadores dos estudos para a paz –, esta organização “virtual” baseia-se no trabalho e comunicação em rede e fundamenta-se em 4 pilares principais: educação/formação, disseminação, pesquisa e acção. A acção para a tentativa d...

  16. Koguteos Rootsi põllumajanduse ajaloost / Ülle Tarkiainen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarkiainen, Ülle

    2004-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Welinder, Stig, Pedersen, Ellen Anne. Jordbrukets första femtusen år 4000 f. Kr.-1000 e. Kr. Det svenska jordbrukets historia I. Borås, 1998 ; Myrdal, Janken. Jordbruket under feodalismen 1000-1700. Det svenska jordbrukets historia II. Borås, 1999 ; Gadd, Carl-Johan. Den agrara revolutionen 1700-1870. Det svenska jordbrukets historia III. Borås, 2000 ; Morell, Mats. Jordbruket i industrisamhället 1870-1945. Det svenska jordbrukets historia IV. Borås, 2001 ; Flygare, Irene A., Isacson, Maths. Jordbruket i välfärdssamhället 1945-2000. Det svenska jordbrukets historia V. Örebro, 2003

  17. Mellem ånd og tryksværte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rix, Robert

    Söderlund, ”Romantiken i praktiken. V.F. Palmblads förlag och den svenska skönlitterära romantiken” Del II: Den engelsksprogede romantik Simon Frost, ”Nærlæsningens romantik: Coleridge, Crusoe og mysteriet om et komma” Robert W. Rix, ”William Blakes The French Revolution: Den typografiske tekst der......Indledning v. Robert W. Rix Del I: Skandinavien Jens Bjerring-Hansen, ”Holberg, hurtigpressen og ”læserevolutionen” i guldalderen. En fjernlæsning af den danske kanon” Klaus Müller-Wille, “De er rigtig nok godt inbunden” – Om bokens poetik hos Johan Ludvig Heiberg och Søren Kierkegaard Petra...... forsvandt” Peter Simonsen, “Romantikkens sublime tekstualitet: Løse ender i Coleridges ”Frost at Midnight”...

  18. Adivinhas de Rimbaud

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    Mônica Genelhu Fagundes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe uma leitura dos poemas em prosa de Arthur Rimbaud como recriações do gênero tradicional da adivinha. Votado à abertura e ao deslocamento, ele se revela ideal para a expressão de uma poética que renega a instância do real como totalidade dada e logicamente resolvida, concebendo-a como espaço de liberdade, de mistério, de enigma e, finalmente, de criação. A investigação sobre o poema em prosa como forma (bem como sobre o poema em prosa rimbaudiano em suas especificidades retoma o estudo consagrado de Suzanne Bernard e se desenvolve em clave interdisciplinar, amparando-se na reflexão sobre a imagem empreendida por Georges Didi-Huberman no campo da Teoria da Arte e nos apontamentos de Johan Huizinga sobre o jogo.

  19. [Evaluation of classical works in the history of genetics ].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz-Coke, Ricardo

    2003-02-01

    The classical Mendelian genetics forged the development of biomedical sciences in the twentieth century. However, the classical works that allowed the sequencing of human genoma, have not received the recognition that they deserve. The author does a historical revision of works, considered classic in genetics and its specialties such as cytogenetics, biochemical genetics, immunogenetics and molecular genetics, published between 1990 and 1999. Authors that received the Nobel Prize are identified and the works are sorted in chronological order. Most founders of genetics specialties, have not received the Nobel Prize. Only 26 of 80 classical works have been awarded with such distinction. Almost all founders of Mendelian genetics and human cytogenetics, have been unrewarded. The author proposes to create the "Johan Gregory Mendel Prize" for geneticists.

  20. Violencia contra las mujeres en el estado de Campeche. Un análisis desde la perspectiva de género

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Iván Martínez Ortega

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available A partir del modelo de Johan Galtung, aplicado desde la perspectiva de género, se analizan las violencias que se ejercen sobre mujeres que interponen denuncias por maltrato en Campeche. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas a una muestra no probabilística, se hizo análisis descriptivo categorial y se delimitaron unidades de codificación para elaborar inferencias según frecuencia y relevancia de cada categoría. Los resultados destacan la importancia de analizar desde el género las violencias directa, estructural y cultural, la inexistencia de mecanismos para desarticular las formas en que se entrelazan las violencias y la presencia de inhibidores que impiden que las mujeres denuncien.

  1. AHP 28: Review: Explorers and Scientists in China's Borderlands

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    Gregory Rohlf

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This collection of eight biographical essays from a 2007 symposium makes for engaging reading and holds together well as a book. The authors, mainly anthropologists, examine the lives of ten explorers who were active primarily in the first half of the twentieth century. Some worked for decades in the Chinese borderlands. Several became quite well-known and influential figures during their lifetime and after, such as Joseph Rock, but it is likely that most of the explorers featured here will be new to readers. They were active primarily in Sichuan and Yunnan and were North Americans or Europeans with one exception, Ding Wenjiang, who is examined alongside the Swede, Johan Gunnar Andersson. All were men with the exception of Hedwig Weiss, a German who travelled with her diplomat husband, Fritz, in Sichuan and photographed the Yi people of Liangshan.

  2. The Making of Sami Ethnography: Contested Authorities and Negotiated Representations

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    Kristin Kuutma

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This contribution analyzes the interplay of ethnographic and poetic agendas, the negotiation of synergetic or conflicting objectives in the production and editing of a seminal representation of the Sámi, Muitalus sámiid birra. My main focus is on the collaborative effort of the publication process, to investigate the emergence and negotiation of representational authority, of cultural poetics, of social and cultural critique, in order to defy the preconception of a passive informant of a cultural experience. The Sámi narrator Johan Turi is discussed, instead, as an active agent in providing a voice to the Sámi people in the collaborative process of ethnography writing. My approach is interdisciplinary, being inspired by different inquiries in anthropology and cultural history, while adding a subjective interpretation in discerning the production of a multifaceted ethnographic representation, both by the cultural insider and the inquisitive outsider.

  3. Divadlo on teater, Nitra on linn / Tiina Talts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talts, Tiina

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest teatrifestivalist "Divadelna Nitra" ("Teatraalne Nitra") Slovakkias 22. - 27. septembrini. Lühidalt lavastustest Georg Brüchner "Woyzeck" (Wojciech Boguslawski teater, Poola, lavastaja Maja Kleczewska); Thomas Bernhard "Before retirement" (Slovakkia teater Astorka-Korzo'90, lavastaja Juraj Nvota); Tatjana Tolstaja "Sonja" (Läti Riia Uus Teater, lavastaja Alvis Hermanis); Michel Houllebecq "Platform" (Belgia NTGent, lavastaja Johan Simons); William Shakespeare "Richard III" (Tšehhi Rahvusteater, lavastaja Michal Docekal); Neil LaBute "The shape of things" (Slovakkia Andrej Bagari Teater, lavastajad Roman Olekshak ja Maja Hrieshik); Rainald Goetz-Martin Heidegger "The consolation of the country path" (Tšehhi kodanike ühendus Mezery, lavastaja Miroslav Bambushek); Mark Ravenhill "Product" (Inglismaa Paines Plough, lavastaja Ravenhill); Anton Tshehhov "Ivanov" (Slovakkia Kammerteater, lavastaja Roman Polak)

  4. Brothers in arms or peace? The media representation of Swedish and Norwegian defence- and military co-operation

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    Stig Arne Nohrstedt

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the relevance of Johan Galtung's model for peace journalism and critical discourse analysis (CDA in light of the media coverage of Swedish and Norwegian defence cooperation. By analysing the proposal for closer military cooperation between the Nato-member Norway and the non-aligned Sweden the article emphasises the paradox that the fact that both Sweden and Norway have forces fighting in Afghanistan was not mentioned when the heads of the Norwegian and Swedish Defence in a joint article justified the need for a closer cooperation between the two countries. Thus this analysis illustrates some limitations of the peace journalism perspective and the necessity to take a contextual approach in which also the possibility of "peace talk" being part of a war discourse is considered.

  5. UNA MIRADA A LA VIOLENCIA QUE LEEN LOS SAMARIOS

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    Grace Angeline Morales Urueta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Esta investigación, de carácter cuantitativo, se orientó a observar la violencia en el contenido de las noticias locales del Distrito de Santa Marta publicadas en los diarios: El Informador, Hoy Diario del Magdalena, Ajá y Qué y Al Día. El análisis caracterizó la violencia Directa, Cultural y Estructural en los espacios en los que se desarrolla: Naturaleza, Hombre y Sociedad, de acuerdo a la Teoría sobre las estructuras de violencia en la sociedad de Johan Galtung; para el análisis de la estructura del texto se utilizó el planteamiento de Teun Van Dijk. Los resultados indican que los hechos de violencia se registraron en mayor proporción en el espacio de los Hombres con actos que tipifican Violencia directa; seguidamente la Sociedad con hechos de Violencia estructural y en el escenario de la Naturaleza acciones violentas de tipo cultural. Abstract This quantitative research was aimed to observe the level of violence in the local news content of the District of Santa Marta, published in newspapers such as: El Informador, Hoy Diario del Magdalena, Ajá y Qué, and Al Día. The analysis characterized the cultural and structural direct violence among the spaces where it usually develops: Nature, Man and Society, according to the theory about the structures of violence in society by Johan Galtung, for the analysis of text structure the approach of Teun Van Dijk was used. Results indicate that the violent events that occurred in greater proportion were observed in environments of humans whose acts constitute direct violence, followed by society, whose acts constitute structural violence, and finally nature, whose acts constitute cultural violence.

  6. Structural violence on women: An impediment to women empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parul Sinha

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Violence on women has been present in our society since times immemorial. The ethics, the values, the morals, the culture of the society has been framed in such a way or we can say structured in such a way so as to promote exploitation of this segment which is in reality the root of the society. The concept of STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE was introduced by Johan Galtung in 1969. It refers to a form of violence wherein some http://www.studylecturenotes.com/social-sciences/sociology/370-social-institution-definitions-a-structure-of-social-institution social institution may harm people by preventing them from meeting their basic needs. Violence against women has taken the form of a global epidemic which has taken its toll on the physical, psychological, sexual and economic life of the female. Johan Galtung in “Violence, Peace and Peace Studies”, 1969 has rightly remarked “when one husband beats his wife, there is a clear case of personal violence, but when one million husbands keep one million wives in ignorance, there is structural violence”. India has been slow in its pace for action against violence on women, but the brutal gang- rape of a 23 year old Delhi girl on December 2012 aroused the Indians from their deep slumber on this issue. Structural violence is a demon against women that is devouring the society. The combined efforts of Government NGO's and most important, the sufferers of this violence, the women have to take a major step to fight this dragon.

  7. Challenges to the sub judice rule in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kobus van Rooyen

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available As a lawyer, it is a privilege to contribute to this Festschrift in honour of Professor Doctor Johan Buitendag. His entire career has been a quest for the truth. In the process, he has fearlessly rejected political agendas based on the Bible, and has inspired countless students in their quest to serve God in a practical and humane manner. His published research as well as the output of his doctoral students, both present and past, bear witness to a life dedicated to the search for knowledge in the service of God. He has also assisted substantially in placing South African theological research on the international map. In a sense, this article which deals with the protection of the right to a fair trial of an accused, also acknowledges Johan Buitendag’s quest for justice for all South Africans, whatever their creed, gender, race or standing. The subject of my article demonstrates my own quest to promote the constitutional right of an accused to a fair trial, a right that should not be subject to inordinate pressure by the media, and which gives priority to the right of an accused to be presumed innocent: an accused who may frequently suffer loneliness and a sense of rejection. Related to that it is, of course, always important to bear in mind that freedom of expression is at the heart of our democracy. A balance has, accordingly, to be struck between the competing rights.

  8. LAS ESCUELAS DE ASPLUND: PRIMEROS PROYECTOS, RAZONES ENSAYADAS / THE ASPLUND SCHOOLS: FIRST PROJECTS, TESTED THESES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo López-Santana

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Cualquier estudio sobre el trabajo de Gunnar Asplund irradia una nueva luz sobre las fuerzas culturales que influyeron en el periodo que precedió al Movimiento Moderno y del que el arquitecto sueco es uno de los exponentes más significativos a través de una obra que guarda buena parte de su extremo en su contenido intelectual y en el empleo simultáneo y libre de fuentes clásicas, vernáculas y modernas. En este sentido, durante la finalización de sus estudios en una academia no oficial y en los comienzos de su carrera, una serie de acontecimientos desencadenados provocaron que Asplund tuviera que abordar una serie de proyectos de pequeñas viviendas particulares así como concursos para escuelas; de modo que todos ellos resultan altamente ilustrativos para comprender buena parte de su proceder profesional al establecer estos una serie de motivos comunes que irán apareciendo en los distintos trabajos del arquitecto. En este artículo se analizan los precedentes que propiciaron todos esos proyectos desarrollando principalmente el acontecer de dos de ellos: desde su formación en la escuela Klara de Estocolmo (1910/11 a sus proyectos para la escuela de secundaria Vägga en Karlshamn (1912-18 y la ampliación de la escuela de primaria Karl Johan en Göteborg (1915-24. SUMMARY Any study on the activity of Gunnar Asplund sheds new light on the cultural forces at play in the period preceding the Modern Movement, of which the Swedish architect is one of the most significant examples by way of a work that relies primarily on its intellectual content and the concurrent and free use of classical, vernacular and modern sources. In this sense, at the time he finished his studies at a non-official academy and was beginning his career, a chain of events made Asplund take on a series of projects for small private homes as well as calls for tender for schools; all of these are highly illustrative for understanding most of his professional activity

  9. Geology - Background complementary studies. Forsmark modelling stage 2.2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephens, Michael B. [Geological Survey of Sweden, Uppsala (Sweden); Skagius, Kristina [Kemakta Konsult AB, Stockholm (Sweden)] (eds.)

    2007-09-15

    During Forsmark model stage 2.2, seven complementary geophysical and geological studies were initiated by the geological modelling team, in direct connection with and as a background support to the deterministic modelling of deformation zones. One of these studies involved a field control on the character of two low magnetic lineaments with NNE and NE trends inside the target volume. The interpretation of these lineaments formed one of the late deliveries to SKB that took place after the data freeze for model stage 2.2 and during the initial stage of the modelling work. Six studies involved a revised processing and analysis of reflection seismic, refraction seismic and selected oriented borehole radar data, all of which had been presented earlier in connection with the site investigation programme. A prime aim of all these studies was to provide a better understanding of the geological significance of indirect geophysical data to the geological modelling team. Such essential interpretative work was lacking in the material acquired in connection with the site investigation programme. The results of these background complementary studies are published together in this report. The titles and authors of the seven background complementary studies are presented below. Summaries of the results of each study, with a focus on the implications for the geological modelling of deformation zones, are presented in the master geological report, SKB-R--07-45. The sections in the master report, where reference is made to each background complementary study and where the summaries are placed, are also provided. The individual reports are listed in the order that they are referred to in the master geological report and as they appear in this report. 1. Scan line fracture mapping and magnetic susceptibility measurements across two low magnetic lineaments with NNE and NE trend, Forsmark. Jesper Petersson, Ulf B. Andersson and Johan Berglund. 2. Integrated interpretation of surface and

  10. Construcciones de identidades de género en el niño y la niña inserto (a en contexto rural de la comuna de Olmué

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariella Terrezza Pérez – Olea

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación estudia las identidades de género presente en los discursos de los niños y las niñas insertos en zonas rurales de la comuna de Olmué. Se sustenta en una metodología cualitativa, desde un paradigma constructivista, siendo el enfoque de tipo exploratorio mediante grupos focales con niños y niñas de nueve y once años. El análisis de información se realiza mediante análisis narrativo temático del modelo de Johan McLeod. Los resultados dan cuenta de interesantes mixturas en las identidades de género presentes en los discursos de los niños y las niñas, que van desde discursos sobre identidades de género dominantes y hegemónicos que saturan las posibilidades del ser masculino y/ o femenino, hasta construcciones identitarias de género a partir de excepciones a dichos discursos, que amplían las posibilidades del ser. La ruralidad aparece fuertemente en las costumbres y prácticas propias del campo, así también respecto a la identidad nacional. Abstract This research examines gender identities present in the speeches of boys and girls in rural areas inserts the commune of Olmué. It is based on a qualitative methodology, from a constructivist paradigm, being the exploratory approach through focus groups with children aged nine and eleven. Data analysis is performed using thematic narrative analysis model Johan McLeod. The results show interesting concoctions in gender identities present in the speeches of the children, ranging from discourses on identities dominant gender and hegemonic cluttering the chances of being male and / or female, to identity constructions genre from exceptions to these speeches, which expand the possibilities of being. Rurality appears strongly in the customs and practices of the field and also about national identity.

  11. Parkinson’s disease patients’ subjective descriptions of characteristics of chronic pain, sleeping patterns and health-related quality of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skogar Ö

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Örjan Skogar,1,5 Per-Arne Fall,2 Gunnar Hallgren,3 Birgitta Bringer,2 Miriam Carlsson,1 Ulla Lennartsson,3 Håkan Sandbjörk,3 Carl-Johan Törnhage,4 Johan Lökk51Department of Geriatrics, Ryhov Hospital, Jonkoping, Sweden; 2Department of Geriatrics, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden; 3Department of Neurology, 4Department of Pediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden; 5Institution of Neurobiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SwedenObjective: Nonmotor symptoms are common in Parkinson’s disease (PD. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL is negatively affected by different factors, of which pain and sleep disturbances are important contributors. This study was performed to evaluate and describe subjective experiences of pain, sleeping patterns, and HRQoL in a cohort of PD patients with chronic pain.Methods: A total of 45 participants with established PD for more than 2 years, and PD-related pain for the preceding three months, were recruited from three sites in Sweden. Data regarding time point for onset, duration and degree of pain parameters, body localization of pain, external influences, and treatments were obtained. HRQoL was evaluated with the Short Form-36® Health Survey, and sleeping patterns were registered with the Parkinson’s disease Sleep Scale, both completed along with a questionnaire.Results: In one-third of participants, pain preceded the PD diagnosis. Median pain score measured with a visual analog scale was 6.6 and 5.9 (for females and males, respectively the week before the study. In almost half of the participants, pain was present during all their waking hours. Significantly more females described their pain as troublesome, while more males described their pain as irritating. Feelings of numbness and creeping sensations at night were strongly associated with the maximal visual analog scale scores. Polypharmacy was common; 89% used medication for anxiety/insomnia, and 18% used antidepressants. Only one

  12. Kritisk empiri. Ett historiografiskt perspektiv

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    Claes Caldenby

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the possible value of a ”critical empiricism” as the forgotten ”other” of the well-established critical theory. Following Swedish sociologist Johan Asplund, critical empiricism is described as ”seeing what others have not seen”. The ”theoretical turn” in architectural research is questioned with the help of architectural historians Anders Åman and Mari Hvattum. The 1940s discussion of Swedish architecture as “new empiricism” introduces a strong relation between the Nordic welfare societies and their architecture as a characteristic also of Swedish architectural history. The article presents a recent historiographical project by a network of Swedish architectural historians from universities and schools of architecture. One of the networks’ papers is about Gregor Paulsson’s book Svensk stad [Swedish Town], an “environmental history” with a pronounced sociological perspective and an ambition to influence Swedish post-war planning. Another paper discusses architectural history as the study of building categories, a firmly established tradition in Swedish architectural history, in this case with a fundamentally “functional” perspective. A third paper is a critical study of the 1970s turn from architectural history as a history of monuments to a history of the built environment in its broadest sense. In conclusion, critical empiricism in architectural history is presented as a vigorous and necessary reminder of how society could be different in a time when humanities as well as planning are questioned by politicians.

  13. Daytime sleepiness in elderly Parkinson’s disease patients and treatment with the psychostimulant modafinil: A preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Lökk

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Johan LökkInstitution of Neurobiology, Caring Sciences, and Society, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, SwedenBackground: Patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD or Parkinsonian syndromes often report excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the psychostimulant modafinil on elderly, institutionalized, severely impaired PD patients with EDS.Method: A three-week open study on ten institutionalized PD patients scoring >10 points on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS with modafinil eventually on 100 mg twice a day. Patients were assessed at the start, week 1, and week 3 with ESS, Clinical Global Impression (CGI scale severity of PD and appetite.Results: Reduction of ESS score and PD severity over time were found as well as a significant increase in appetite and reduction in CGI score.Conclusion: Modafinil 100 mg twice a day was safe and modestly effective for the treatment of EDS in elderly, institutionalized PD patients. Sustaining wakefulness throughout all stages of PD is crucial for participating in life, maintaining social life, and improving quality of life.Keywords: Parkinson’s disease, daytime sleepiness, Epworth sleepiness scale, psychostimulant

  14. How Alexander von Humboldt's life story can inspire innovative soil research in developing countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouma, Johan

    2017-09-01

    The pioneering vision of Alexander von Humboldt of science and society of the early 1800s is still highly relevant today. His open mind and urge to make many measurements characterizing the interconnected web of life are crucial ingredients as we now face the worldwide challenge of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Case studies in the Philippines, Vietnam, Kenya, Niger, and Costa Rica demonstrate, in Alexander's spirit, interaction with stakeholders and attention to unique local conditions, applying modern measurement and modeling methods and allowing inter- and transdisciplinary research approaches. But relations between science and society are increasingly problematic, partly as a result of the information revolution and post-truth, fact-free thinking. Overly regulated and financially restricted scientific communities in so-called developed countries may stifle intellectual creativity. Researchers in developing countries are urged to leapfrog these problems in the spirit of Alexander von Humboldt as they further develop their scientific communities. Six suggestions to the science community are made with particular attention to soil science. (The Humboldt lecture, presented by the 2017 recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt lecture, Johan Bouma, can be accessed at http://client.cntv.at/egu2017/ml1.)

  15. Exploring the safe and just operating space in an inhomogeneous world

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barfuss, Wolfram; Beronov, Boyan; Wiedermann, Marc; Donges, Jonathan

    2015-04-01

    The Anthropocene has become reality during the 20th century, implying that our species is pressuring the Earth's ecosystems on a global scale. In the meantime, the challenge of eradicating poverty has not yet ceased to exist. Effectively dealing with these issues requires us to better understand the driving forces, feedback loops and tipping elements in the whole Earth system, constituted by natural and social components. To take a step forward in this direction, we refine an existing conceptual coevolutionary model of social and ecological domains (COPAN:EXPLOIT) by introducing inhomogeneities in the properties of local renewable resource stocks that are abstracted from real-world data. We then propose an analytical framework, 'the safe and just space'- plot, which aligns with the current debate on how to simultaneously stay within planetary boundaries (Rockström et al., 2009) and at the same time ensure that social foundations are met (Raworth, 2012). This plot presents a practical tool for jointly studying global socio-ecological models as well as real-world observations. First results from comparing the model outputs with real-world data indicate that the current state of the world is neither particularly safe nor particularly just. References: Rockström, Johan, et al. "A safe operating space for humanity." Nature 461.7263 (2009): 472-475. Raworth, Kate. "A safe and just space for humanity: can we live within the doughnut?" Oxfam Discussion Papers (2012): 1-26.

  16. Van der Vyver’s analysis of rights: a case study drawn from thirteenth-century canon law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles J. Reid, Jr.

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available In an important article published in 1988, Johan Van der Vyver challenged the prevailing reliance on Wesley Hohfeld’s taxonomy of rights. Hohfeld's division of rights into claims, powers, privileges and immunities, Van der Vyver stresses, is excessively concerned with "inter-individual legal relations” at the expense of the right-holder's relationship to the object of the right. Van der Vyver proposes instead that an assertion of right involves three distinct juridic aspects:• legal capacity, which is "the competence to occupy the offices of legal subject;• legal claim, which "comprises claims of a legal subject as against other persons to a legal object";• legal entitlement, which specifies the boundaries of the right-holder's ability to use, enjoy, consume, destroy or alienate the right in question.This article applies Van der Vyver’s taxonomy to the operations of thirteenthcentury canon law, and demonstrates that Van der Vyver’s analysis provides greater depth than Hohfeld's, in that it considers both the relationship of the person claiming a particular right and the object of that right.

  17. The Medieval Swedish Horror Ballad in the Romantic Era

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fyhr, Mattias

    2014-01-01

    In the late 18th century the Horror Ballad became popular in Sweden. The rediscovery of medieval tales and ballads inspired the Romantic authors. Clas Livijn uses the medieval folksong of "Hafsfrun" in his dramatic play of the same title (1806). In Livijn’s own library we also find many Scandinav......In the late 18th century the Horror Ballad became popular in Sweden. The rediscovery of medieval tales and ballads inspired the Romantic authors. Clas Livijn uses the medieval folksong of "Hafsfrun" in his dramatic play of the same title (1806). In Livijn’s own library we also find many...... Scandinavian texts from the 17th century, by Saxo Gramaticus, Verelius and others as well as modern printings of old texts by for instance Afzelius. The Horror Ballad in Sweden was introduced by Johan Henrik Kellgren in “Fredrics vålnad” in 1793, although it’s in reality a translation of “Ludvigs Gjenfærd...

  18. Guided bone augmentation using ceramic space-maintaining devices: the impact of chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderud J

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Jonas Anderud,1,2 Peter Abrahamsson,2 Ryo Jimbo,1 Sten Isaksson,2 Erik Adolfsson,3 Johan Malmström,2 Yoshihito Naito,4 Ann Wennerberg1 1Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden; 2Maxillofacial Unit Halmstad, Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden; 3Swedish Ceramic Institute, IVF, Mölndal, Sweden; 4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Oral Implantology, Institute of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan Abstract: The purpose of the study was to evaluate histologically, whether vertical bone augmentation can be achieved using a hollow ceramic space maintaining device in a rabbit calvaria model. Furthermore, the chemistry of microporous hydroxyapatite and zirconia were tested to determine which of these two ceramics are most suitable for guided bone generation. 24 hollow domes in two different ceramic materials were placed subperiosteal on rabbit skull bone. The rabbits were sacrificed after 12 weeks and the histology results were analyzed regarding bone-to-material contact and volume of newly formed bone. The results suggest that the effect of the microporous structure of hydroxyapatite seems to facilitate for the bone cells to adhere to the material and that zirconia enhance a slightly larger volume of newly formed bone. In conclusion, the results of the current study demonstrated that ceramic space maintaining devices permits new bone formation and osteoconduction within the dome. Keywords: hydroxyapatite, zirconia, guided bone regeneration, GBR, histology, membrane

  19. Modeling and Manipulating Human Diseases with Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells, Pig Models and Precision Gene Editing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yonglun Luo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available We have developed systems, e.g. C-Check, that can be used to rapidly select and quantify CRISPR/Cas9 nuclease activity and enrichment of genetically modified cells with desired mutations (Zhou et al., 2016. To facilitate the simultaneous manipulation of multiple genes in cells, we have developed a system that allows concordant delivery of up to 30 sgRNAs into one cell [Johan Vad-Nielsen et al., under review]. Targeted insertion, fluorescent tagging or correction of endogenous genes is of great interest but greatly hampered by the technical difficulties and relatively low homology directed repair efficiency compared to the higher efficiency of NHEJ. Thus, we have developed systems for rapid generation of gene targeting vectors (Luo et al., 2014, lentivirus-mediated gene targeting [Yujia Cai et al., Elife, in revision], and recombinant Cas9s to enhance HDR in mammalian cells. Furthermore, to recapitulate the pathogenesis of human diseases, we have developed pig models of breast cancer and diabetes using gene editing and SCNT, as well as human induced pluripotent stem cell models of MCADD.

  20. Terror i tvillingtårnene – dystopi og ironi? 9/11 i Darlah og En terrorist i senga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lersbryggen Mørk, Kjersti

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Terror in the Twin Towers – dystopia and irony? 9/11 in Darlah and En terrorist i senga. Through globalization of our media society, children as well as adults are endlessly exposed to information and images from all over the world. In Norway, signs of the terrorist attack on the Twin Towers in USA on September 11th 2001 are now to be found in literature for children and young adults. With globalization theory and post-colonial theory I will examine how two novels present global challenges in general and 9/11 in particular. What does globalization mean for the construction of identity? Who are “we”, and who are “the others”? The novel for young adults, Darlah – 172 timer på månen [Darlah – 172 hours on the moon] (2008 by Johan Harstad, is a dystopia where 9/11 points forward to a full scale catastrophe for humanity. En terrorist i senga [There's a terrorist in my bed] (2008, a novel for children by Endre Lund Eriksen, makes explicit references to 9/11 – but with playfulness and ironic revelation of xenophobia. Both books use aliens from outer space as “the other”, but where Darlah presents a pessimistic view of our global future, En terrorist i senga is optimistic on behalf of the humankind.

  1. Regte, gesag en waardes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francois Venter

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Rights, authority and valuesIn view of Johan van der Vyver's immense contribution to the clarification of the meaning of legal concepts, the establishment of terminology, the analysis of doctrines and the explanation of the foundations of matters, it is considered appropriate in this article to revisit a question which has occupied jurists since time immemorial, namely what a right might be. This question cannot be addressed without dealing with the context in which it stands. Therefore the fa te of the doctrine of subjective rights is firstly traced, after which the phenomena of human rights and fundamental rights are discussed Following these analyses, the question whether a single, comprehensive concept of right is viable is considered. In this context the need for the legal scholar to thoroughly consider the origin or justification for the existence of government authority is motivated. It seems as though unanimity about a concept o f right at anything beyond a relatively superficial, mechanical level is not really possible, but that a meaningful scholarly discourse on the matter is possible, at least among scholars who acknowledge the determining role of unverifiable presuppositions in the practice of scholarship. Finally it is argued that there is a connection between the values of the Constitution, the exercise of government authority and the development of a South African concept of right.

  2. How Alexander von Humboldt's life story can inspire innovative soil research in developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Bouma

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The pioneering vision of Alexander von Humboldt of science and society of the early 1800s is still highly relevant today. His open mind and urge to make many measurements characterizing the interconnected web of life are crucial ingredients as we now face the worldwide challenge of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Case studies in the Philippines, Vietnam, Kenya, Niger, and Costa Rica demonstrate, in Alexander's spirit, interaction with stakeholders and attention to unique local conditions, applying modern measurement and modeling methods and allowing inter- and transdisciplinary research approaches. But relations between science and society are increasingly problematic, partly as a result of the information revolution and post-truth, fact-free thinking. Overly regulated and financially restricted scientific communities in so-called developed countries may stifle intellectual creativity. Researchers in developing countries are urged to leapfrog these problems in the spirit of Alexander von Humboldt as they further develop their scientific communities. Six suggestions to the science community are made with particular attention to soil science. (The Humboldt lecture, presented by the 2017 recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt lecture, Johan Bouma, can be accessed at http://client.cntv.at/egu2017/ml1.

  3. Formas de violencia y estrategias para narrarla en la literatura infantil y juvenil colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Castaño-Lora

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La violencia es un tema controvertido cuando se dirige a la infancia, no obstante, en la producción literaria contemporánea empieza a hacerse presente con mayor regularidad. Esta investigación toma 12 obras de la literatura infantil y juvenil colombiana escritas en los últimos treinta años para rastrear los tipos de violencia que se representan en ellas. Para lo anterior se acude a las categorías: violencia directa, estructural y cultural propuestas por el sociólogo Johan Galtung. Se analizan tanto las formas en que se concretan las categorías dentro de los relatos, como las estrategias narrativas y los símbolos que construyen los autores para abordar este fenómeno. Se concluye que se retoma la corriente del realismo con propuestas más directas para los lectores; el uso de narraciones por parte de los niños protagonistas es frecuente y se delega parte de la construcción de sentido a la imagen.

  4. Abnormal auditory forward masking pattern in the brainstem response of individuals with Asperger syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Källstrand

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Johan Källstrand1, Olle Olsson2, Sara Fristedt Nehlstedt1, Mia Ling Sköld1, Sören Nielzén21SensoDetect AB, Lund, Sweden; 2Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry, Lund University, Lund, SwedenAbstract: Abnormal auditory information processing has been reported in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD. In the present study auditory processing was investigated by recording auditory brainstem responses (ABRs elicited by forward masking in adults diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (AS. Sixteen AS subjects were included in the forward masking experiment and compared to three control groups consisting of healthy individuals (n = 16, schizophrenic patients (n = 16 and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder patients (n = 16, respectively, of matching age and gender. The results showed that the AS subjects exhibited abnormally low activity in the early part of their ABRs that distinctly separated them from the three control groups. Specifically, wave III amplitudes were significantly lower in the AS group than for all the control groups in the forward masking condition (P < 0.005, which was not the case in the baseline condition. Thus, electrophysiological measurements of ABRs to complex sound stimuli (eg, forward masking may lead to a better understanding of the underlying neurophysiology of AS. Future studies may further point to specific ABR characteristics in AS individuals that separate them from individuals diagnosed with other neurodevelopmental diseases.Keywords: asperger syndrome, auditory brainstem response, forward masking, psychoacoustics

  5. [Usefulness of clinical prediction rules for ruling out deep vein thrombosis in a hospital emergency department].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa-Jiménez, Francisco; Rosa-Jiménez, Ascensión; Lozano-Rodríguez, Aquiles; Santoro-Martínez, María Del Carmen; Duro-López, María Del Carmen; Carreras-Álvarez de Cienfuegos, Amelia

    2015-01-01

    To compare the efficacy of the most familiar clinical prediction rules in combination with D-dimer testing to rule out a diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in a hospital emergency department. Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the case records of all patients attending a hospital emergency department with suspected lower-limb DVT between 1998 and 2002. Ten clinical prediction scores were calculated and D-dimer levels were available for all patients. The gold standard was ultrasound diagnosis of DVT by an independent radiologist who was blinded to clinical records. For each prediction rule, we analyzed the effectiveness of the prediction strategy defined by "low clinical probability and negative D-dimer level" against the ultrasound diagnosis. A total of 861 case records were reviewed and 577 cases were selected; the mean (SD) age was 66.7 (14.2) years. DVT was diagnosed in 145 patients (25.1%). Only the Wells clinical prediction rule and 4 other models had a false negative rate under 2%. The Wells criteria and the score published by Johanning and colleagues identified higher percentages of cases (15.6% and 11.6%, respectively). This study shows that several clinical prediction rules can be safely used in the emergency department, although none of them have proven more effective than the Wells criteria.

  6. Game Spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Erik

    2015-01-01

    , called “pervasive games.” These are games that are based on computer technology, but use a physical space as the game space as opposed to video games. Coupling spatial configuration with performance theory of rituals as liminal phenomena, I put forward a model and a new understanding of the magic circle......When we play games of any kind, from tennis to board games, it is easy to notice that games seem to be configured in space, often using stripes or a kind of map on a board. Some games are clearly performed within this marked border, while it may be difficult to pinpoint such a border in games like...... hide-and-seek, but even these games are still spatially configured. The border (visible or not) both seem to separate and uphold the game that it is meant for. This chapter sets out to analyse the possible border that separates a game from the surrounding world. Johan Huizinga noted this “separateness...

  7. [Van Helmont and gas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gijn, Jan; Gijselhart, Joost P

    2012-01-01

    Johan Baptista van Helmont (1579-1644) was born in Brussels, around the time the Southern Netherlands ceased their resistance against the Spanish rule. He studied a variety of disciplines in Louvain and made a 'grand tour' in Europe, but remained dissatisfied with traditional knowledge, which he regarded as empty phrases and sophistry. His spouse being wealthy, he devoted himself to studying nature anew, unencumbered by prejudice, as Paracelsus (1493-1541) had done before him. Yet in his attempts to explain living and inanimate matter he could not avoid making basic assumptions. Among these was his view that there were only two elements: water and air. Water might carry elementary seeds from which a variety of substances could develop. When a substance was consumed by fire, an ethereal essence would remain, which he called 'Gas' (a term perhaps derived from Paracelsian 'chaos', perhaps from 'Geist'). Today 'gas' is defined as the volatile state of a given substance, but in Van Helmont's view it was mainly a metaphysical characteristic. Most of Van Helmont's work was published only after his death, through a verdict of the Spanish Inquisition.

  8. Mr. Job van Meekeren (1611-1666) and surgery of the hand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haeseker, B

    1988-09-01

    Job van Meekeren of Amsterdam was a surgeon, respected by outstanding contemporary medical doctors for his knowledge of medical literature and his skills, who made a definite link between anatomy and surgery. He showed a great interest in hand surgery, and interesting is a demonstration of flexor tendon repairs on corpses by one of his pupils. It is still a great joy to read his book today, which also gives a good representation of the state of the art of surgery in the seventeenth century in Amsterdam (Fig. 11). Names and addresses of patients are fully mentioned, so even today we know exactly where they lived and where the events took place. On the other hand, we also know quite well what the surgeons and doctors looked like through the efforts of many excellent painters who depicted anatomy lessons. In Amsterdam, barber-surgeons' guilds were very eager to sit for group paintings, centered around the teaching medical doctor (Table I). The painter Aert Pietersz in 1603 painted Dr. Sebastiaan Egberts surrounded by 29 surgeons, and in 1619, Dr. Egberts was painted once more, this time with five learning surgeons, by Thomas de Keyzer. Nicolaes Eliasz, named Pickenoy, painted Dr. Johan Fonteyn in 1625, and Rembrandt is well known for the Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp (1632) and Dr. Deyman (1656). It is peculiar that a portrait of van Meekeren could not be traced.

  9. ["To suffer an ordeal": Some Swedish physicians' struggle during the nineteenth century against unhygienic female dress].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordström, M

    1993-01-01

    Tight-lacing of the female body has been practised at various periods in the history of costume. During the romantic age of the nineteenth century the ideal women had to be pale, weak and often pathologically thin. She was supposed to be of a humble disposition and subservient to her husband (according to the doctrine of subordination). Women laced themselves so tightly that their bodies became deformed, with physical injuries and damage to the internal organs as a consequence. Competition for suitable husbands was keen, since marriage was the only honourable way for a woman to ensure that she would be provided for. It was also in the nineteenth century that doctors were beginning to fight against endemic disease and to argue for a more hygienic way of life. They maintained that women were slaves to fashion and that they dressed in an unhygienic way. Above all, they campaigned against the use of tight-laced corsets. Swedish doctors, such as Anton Nyström, Truls Johan Harterlius and Karolina Widerström headed the fight against the use of laced corsetes, on both medical and social grounds. An improved and "informed" costume was introduced which was meant to allow women greater freedom of movement, thus enabling them to live a more natural life. It was, however, not until 1910 that the tightly-laced corset was abandoned. The conclusion of this is that the history of costume is "the history of absurd follies".

  10. Literature as Enchantment or the Regained Grandeur of the Novel: An Essay on Salman Rushdie’s Novel The Enchantress of Florence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andriescu Garcia Anca

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available My essay intends to analyze the dialectic relationship between historical reality and fiction in the novel The Enchantress of Florence by Salman Rushdie. I will point out a sophisticated and playful story in which the author interweaves elements of history and literature, a game-story that transcends the canonical limits of postmodernism where the novel has constantly been placed by the critical establishment, and goes back to the beginnings, to the anthropological function of play as an essential human activity that was once defined by Johan Huizinga in Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play-element in Culture. Moreover, my paper will explore how this play becomes Rushdie’s attempt to return to the original function of literature which used to enchant and inform at the same time. Once these roots have been reached, however, and the secondary reality of the literary game is well-established, Rushdie manages to break the barriers between reality and fiction, and through versatile textual mechanisms, to intermingle history and reality in a way that makes them merge. Consequently, he composes a play within fiction that is just as powerful as reality itself and suggests the fact that representation has more ontological consistency than the represented body or event itself. We exist as long as we are written and talked about, and nothing in the order of reality can be as powerful as the reality of language.

  11. Lars and the Real Girl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ted Remington

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The 2007 film Lars and the Real Girl challenged viewer’s expectations, not simply through its unusual premise (a man having a relationship with a doll, through its consistent refusal to resolve the plot’s various conflicts through verbal or physical violence. Instead, the plot resolves in a way consistent with what peace researcher Johan Galtung has termed positive transcendence, a means of coming to a resolution that meets the needs of all parties. Although the film’s far-fetched plot makes direct practical application of the characters’ actions unlikely, the film performs a more important role in helping to expand moviegoers’ “horizons of expectation.” By prompting its audience to accept an utterly nonviolent, nonconfrontational resolution to the central conflict of the plot, Lars and the Real Girl subverts the notion that satisfying cinematic endings must involve winners and losers. It helps make room for a greater acceptance of nonviolent resolution of problems in popular film.

  12. Think positive peace in practice. Evaluating the effectiveness of the United Nations in the implementation of a comprehensive peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalena Moita

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The insistence of the return of violence in countries where the UN has intervened to promote peace has fuelled a debate about the effectiveness of international instruments for conflict resolution. This article reflects on the progress that these instruments were having in response to the recurrence of violence in light of what has been an approach to the concept of positive peace of Johan Galtung. From two case studies (Guatemala and Haiti marked by changes in the discourse and practice of the United Nations that this approach inspired, it is argued that the UN instruments for peace would be so much more effective when they respect the author's proposal, not only with regard to results they intend to achieve, but also in the way positive peace is operationalised on the ground. Analyses − as difficulties in implementing more comprehensive, local and inclusive processes that would affect the promotion of more sustainable peace − also contaminate the mechanisms used to assess their effectiveness.

  13. The Gay Men Sex Studies: prevalence of sexual dysfunctions in Belgian HIV+ gay men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vansintejan J

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Johan Vansintejan, Joris Janssen, Erwin Van De Vijver, Jan Vandevoorde, Dirk Devroey Department of Family Medicine, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB, Brussels, Belgium Abstract: The aim of this Internet-based survey was to investigate the prevalence and associated predictors of sexual dysfunctions in Belgian self-reported HIV-positive men who have sex with other men. Of the 72 participants, 56% had a mild-to-severe erectile dysfunction, and 15% reported a hypoactive sexual desire disorder. The prevalence of premature ejaculation and anodyspareunia was 18% for both. Independent predictors for erectile dysfunction were frequency of masturbation, frequency of sex with partner, use of erectile enhancement drugs, having a passive sex role, and not having a steady relationship. Independent predictors for hypoactive sexual desire disorder were frequency of masturbation and having a lower lifetime number of sexual partners. Independent predictors for premature ejaculation were not having a steady relationship, having a lower lifetime number of sexual partners, and a lower level of education. The only independent predictor for anodyspareunia was having an active sex role. Keywords: homosexuality/male, sexual dysfunction, HIV, epidemiology

  14. Oscar Montelius and Chinese Archaeology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xingcan Chen

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper demonstrates that Oscar Montelius (1843–1921, the world-famous Swedish archaeologist, had a key role in the development of modern scientific Chinese archaeology and the discovery of China’s prehistory. We know that one of his major works, Die Methode, the first volume of his Älteren kulturperioden im Orient und in Europa, translated into Chinese in the 1930s, had considerable influence on generations of Chinese archaeologists and art historians. What has previously remained unknown, is that Montelius personally promoted the research undertaken in China by Johan Gunnar Andersson (1874–1960, whose discoveries of Neolithic cultures in the 1920s constituted the breakthrough and starting point for the development of prehistoric archaeology in China. In this paper, we reproduce, translate and discuss a long forgotten memorandum written by Montelius in 1920 in support of Andersson’s research. In this Montelius indicated his belief in the potential of prehistoric Chinese archaeology as well as his predictions regarding the discoveries about to be made. It is therefore an important document for the study of the history of Chinese archaeology as a whole.

  15. Conference on the role of biomethane in the energy transition in France and in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reizine, Stanislas; Edel, Matthias; Theobald, Olivier; Pierre, Frederic; Mestrel, Jean Marc; Grope, Johan; Scholwin, Frank; Eberlein, Jens; Renard, Suzanne; Trommler, Marcus; Demeusy, Tatiana; Chapelat, Nicolas; Lefebvre, Mathieu

    2015-01-01

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on the role of biomethane in the energy transition in France and in Germany. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, about 110 participants exchanged views on the status of the legal framework and of the development of biomethane industry in the French and German energy transitions. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - Biomethane injection in France - elaboration and implementation of the price structure (Stanislas Reizine); 2 - Biomethane framework conditions in Germany 3 - German Road-map for Biomethane (Matthias Edel); 4 - A vision for biomethane in France in 2030 - purified biogas injection in the natural gas network (Olivier Theobald); 5 - Biomethane produced by the Strasbourg-la Wantzenau waste water plant and injected into the GDS natural gas network (Frederic Pierre); 6 - Biomethane fuel in Lille city: 1995-2015 100% clean and renewable energy in transportation (Jean Marc Mestrel); 7 - Biomethane from organic waste and its utilisation (Johan Grope); 8 - Marketing of Biomethane to end consumers (Jens Eberlein); 9 - Developing new approaches to promote injection into the grid (Suzanne Renard); 10 - Demand driven power supply from Bioenergy - a balancing option for power distribution networks (Marcus Trommler); 11 - Flexible biogas production and its integration to power and gas grids (Tatiana Demeusy); 12 - A partnership for the development of Agricultural methanization plants around a single injection point (Nicolas Chapelat); 13 - Keynotes: biomethane development paths to favour (Mathieu Lefebvre)

  16. Sistem Prevensi School Violence di Madura Berbasis Galtung Conflict Triangle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Auliya Ridwan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available School violence may be understood as the threat or use of physical force with the intention to cause physical injury, damage of property or intimidation of another person at school. School violence is also violence that happens outside school as a result of a social interaction among the students. With regards to their prevention, many theories and propositions have been introduced including that of Conflict Triangle theory by Johan Galtung. This paper is aimed at analyzing school violence in Madura by using this theory as a general framework of analysis. The paper will begin by providing a general overview of both the theory and the so-called carok tradition of Madura; a tradition of self-defense using traditional blade which often involves killing. Upon highlighting school violence in this island, the paper will then move on by suggesting that in order to delegitimize this violence, one must speak of preventive programs at practical level, and of deconstructing the cultural strength of carok tradition at the discursive one. We assume that once the carok tradition is being deconstructed, one would loose the cultural legitimacy of committing violence. In Madura violence is often legitimated by the culture and tradition of carok. To eradicate violence is therefore to get rid of carok tradition in the first place.

  17. On the early history of the Finnish Meteorological Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevanlinna, H.

    2014-03-01

    This article is a review of the foundation (in 1838) and later developments of the Helsinki (Finland) magnetic and meteorological observatory, today the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI). The main focus of the study is in the early history of the FMI up to the beginning of the 20th century. The first director of the observatory was Physics Professor Johan Jakob Nervander (1805-1848). He was a famous person of the Finnish scientific, academic and cultural community in the early decades of the 19th century. Finland was an autonomously part of the Russian Empire from 1809 to 1917, but the observatory remained organizationally under the University of Helsinki, independent of Russian scientific institutions, and funded by the Finnish Government. Throughout the late-19th century the Meteorological Institute was responsible of nationwide meteorological, hydrological and marine observations and research. The observatory was transferred to the Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters under the name the Central Meteorological Institute in 1881. The focus of the work carried out in the Institute was changed gradually towards meteorology. Magnetic measurements were still continued but in a lower level of importance. The culmination of Finnish geophysical achievements in the 19th century was the participation to the International Polar Year programme in 1882-1883 by setting up a full-scale meteorological and magnetic observatory in Sodankylä, Lapland.

  18. Workshop to promote the ratification of the protocol on heavy metals across the entire UN ECE region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-12-15

    Within the workshop of the German Federal Environment Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) at 14th to 16th May, 2008 in Yerevan (Armenia), the following lectures were held: (1) The convention and its protocols - framework and requirements (Tea Aulavuo); (2) Development of the heavy metals protocol up to now (D. Jost); (3) Experiences in transposing the obligations of the HM protocol into national law (Ivan Angelov); (4) Evaluation of concentrations of air pollutants and depositions of HM over the EECCA region (Ilia Ilyin); (5) The effectiveness of the HM protocol - emission reductions and costs (TNO-study) (M. van het Bolscher); (6) Technologies and techniques and their emission reduction potential and costs (Andre Peeters Weem); (7) Synergies of reduction of HM and particulate matter (Katja Kraus); (8) Critical loads / critical levels and effects of HM - integrated assessment (Jean-Paul Hettelingh); (9) Additional technical measures / options and their reduction potential (M. van het Bolscher); (10) Overview of the situation in the EECCA region - evaluation of a questionnaire of the Secretariat of the LRTAP Convention and ideas on revising the protocol and its annexes (Johan Sliggers); (11) Future aims of the TF (Katja Kraus).

  19. LS1 Report: Full-size security

    CERN Document Server

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2014-01-01

    Last week several CERN teams were involved in creating a life-size mock helium leak in Sector 4-5. The goals of the exercise were to measure how quickly the helium cloud spread, the change in temperature and the level of oxygen in various parts of the tunnel at different points in time, as well as to check the effects of the helium on the machine and the infrastructures and, above all, to re-evaluate the safety standards in force in the tunnel.   This photograph of the helium cloud was taken by the firemen during the third leak test. "The safety valves designed to release helium in the event of excess pressure are currently located within a 6-metre "no-stopping area" (3 metres on either side of the valves)," explains Johan Bremer of the TE-CRG group, who was in charge of the exercise. "People working in the tunnel can move through this area but are not authorised to stop. The idea is to avoid anyone being too close to the valves in the event of a l...

  20. Peacebuilding in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.Sc. Ngadhnjim Brovina

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Peacebuilding as a definitions has been initiated and studied quite late, while as a concept it begun to be used after the Cold War. The well-known researcher Johan Galtung, was the one who developed and reasoned the notion of peacebuilding as well as its development phasing. For this scientific paper, which deals with peacebuilding, we have chosen as a case study, the case of Kosovo. The main objective of this paper is to present the developments in Kosovo, and its journey towards peacebuilding, starting from 1999, a period when the war ends and peace begins. Materials elaborated in this paper, are mainly articles and scientific papers by foreign authors, because it is worthwhile and important to have an insight into their point of view regarding Kosovo peacebuilding case. The methodology applied in this research paper, is based on the analysis of these materials, using descriptive and historical method, through which we will highlight the case of peacebuilding in Kosovo. The expected outcomes of this paper, aim to present the definition of peacebuilding as a concept as well as its usage in the case of Kosovo, as a case study used in this research paper. It also aims to show the challenges that Kosovo politics have encountered in order to build a sustainable peace. In the conclusions of this paper, we would like to present the case of peacebuilding in Kosovo as a success story, and this case may be used as a model for other international cases where needed.

  1. Consensus statement on panic disorder from the International Consensus Group on Depression and Anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballenger, J C; Davidson, J R; Lecrubier, Y; Nutt, D J; Baldwin, D S; den Boer, J A; Kasper, S; Shear, M K

    1998-01-01

    To provide primary care clinicians with a better understanding of management issues in panic disorder and guide clinical practice with recommendations for appropriate pharmacotherapy. The 4 members of the International Consensus Group on Depression and Anxiety were James C. Ballenger (chair), Jonathan R. T. Davidson, Yves Lecrubier, and David J. Nutt. Four faculty invited by the chairman also participated: David S. Baldwin, Johan A. den Boer, Siegfried Kasper, and M. Katherine Shear. The consensus statement is based on the 6 review papers that are published in this supplement and on the scientific literature relevant to these issues. There were group meetings held during a 2-day period. On day 1, the group discussed each review paper and the chairman and discussant (Dr. Kasper) identified key issues for further debate. On day 2, the group discussed these key issues to arrive at a consensus view. After the group meetings, the consensus statement was drafted by the chairman and approved by all attendees. The consensus statement provides standard definitions for response and remission and identifies appropriate strategy for the management of panic disorder in a primary care setting. Serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors are recommended as drugs of first choice with a treatment period of 12 to 24 months. Pharmacotherapy should be discontinued slowly over a period of 4 to 6 months.

  2. Reaching out to people struggling with their lives: a discourse analysis of answers from Internet-based services in Norway and Sweden

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    Andersen AJ

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Anders Johan W Andersen,1 Tommy Svensson21Department of Psychosocial Health, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway; 2Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, SwedenAbstract: The Internet has enlarged the scope of human communication, opening new avenues for connecting with people who are struggling with their lives. This article presents a discourse analysis of 101 responses to 98 questions that were posted on 14 different Internet-based mental health services in Norway and Sweden. We aimed to examine and describe the dominant understandings and favored recommendations in the services’ answers, and we reflected upon the social consequences of those answers. The services generally understood life struggles as an abnormal state of mind, life rhythms, or self-reinforcing loops. Internet-based mental health services primarily counsel service users to seek help, talk to health care professionals face-to-face, and discuss their life struggles openly and honestly. They also urge service users to take better care of themselves and socialize with other people. However, such answers might enhance the individualization of life problems, masking social origin and construction. Consequently, the services are challenged to include social explanations in their answers and strengthen their responsibility to amplify peoples’ messages at a societal level. Potentially, such answers could strengthen democratic structures and put pressure on social equity.Keywords: depression, e-mental health, health psychology, Internet, public health

  3. Bach music in preterm infants: no 'Mozart effect' on resting energy expenditure.

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    Keidar, H Rosenfeld; Mandel, D; Mimouni, F B; Lubetzky, R

    2014-02-01

    To study whether Johan Sebastian Bach music has a lowering effect on resting energy expenditure (REE) similar to that of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart music. Prospective, randomized clinical trial with cross-over in 12 healthy, appropriate weights for gestational age (GA), gavage fed, metabolically stable, preterm infants. Infants were randomized to a 30-min period of either Mozart or Bach music or no music over 3 consecutive days. REE was measured every minute by indirect calorimetry. Three REE measurements were performed in each of 12 infants at age 20±15.8 days. Mean GA was 30.17±2.44 weeks and mean birthweight was 1246±239 g. REE was similar during the first 10-min of all three randomization periods. During the next 10-min period, infants exposed to music by Mozart had a trend toward lower REE than when not exposed to music. This trend became significant during the third 10-min period. In contrast, music by Bach or no music did not affect significantly REE during the whole study. On average, the effect size of Mozart music upon REE was a reduction of 7.7% from baseline. Mozart music significantly lowers REE in preterm infants, whereas Bach music has no similar effect. We speculate that 'Mozart effect' must be taken into account when incorporating music in the therapy of preterm infants, as not all types of music may have similar effects upon REE and growth.

  4. �n Johannese perspektief op die huwelik, geslagsrolle en seksualiteit in �n postmoderne konteks

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    Elritia le Roux

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The hypothesis offered in this study is that the Johannine texts are authoritative, canononical documents with the inherent potential that is applicable to the practical lives of the faithful. Since Biblical texts are the product of the patriarchal culture within which they originated, a hermeneutic of suspicion becomes essential. In the interaction between the Biblical text and the contemporary context, a creative space is being created which requires a humble attitude from the exegetes to acknowledge the temporary nature of their findings. We need to look past the patriarchal nature and language towards a more inclusive paradigm. The Bible does not bind us to a rigid way of living, but liberates us for the appreciation of the healing power of God�s grace in our context. We need to move past stereotypes and to see others through the eyes of Christ. Jesus took a radical stance against the culture of his day. From the beginning of his public ministry, we find in him the tension between his prophetic role and the dominant culture of day. This tension leads to Jesus becoming a marginalised Jew, who stands outside the Jewish inner circle. He does not fit into the conventional social roles of his day. Jesus rather associates himself with the marginalised. This illustrates Jesus� radical commitment to God and his passionate commitment to the truth of the Gospel.�--- Abstract translated into Sipedi ---T�a lenyalo, seabe sa bong bja motho le t�a bong mo maemong a phosmodene go ya ka JohaneSenaganwaKakanyo ye e fiwago pampiring ye ke go re ditemana t�a puku ya Johane ke dingwalo t�e di nago le maatla, di ka gare ga Bibele yeo e sa �omago ka go ama maphelo a batho thwii, gape di na le khuet�o ye kgolo maphelong a badumedi. Ka ge Bibele e tswalwa ke set�o sa phatriakhi(go ba monna ke seelo mafapheng ka moka a bophelo, go sekaseka Bibele motho a na le maseme go ba bohlokwa mo. Kamanong ya Bibele le maemo ao babadi ba ikhwet�ago ba le

  5. Diagnosis and management of microscopic colitis: current perspectives

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    Bohr J

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Johan Bohr,1,3 Anna Wickbom,1,3 Agnes Hegedus,2 Nils Nyhlin,1,3 Elisabeth Hultgren Hörnquist,3 Curt Tysk1,3 1Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine/Pathology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, 3School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden Abstract: Collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis, together constituting microscopic colitis, are common causes of chronic diarrhea. They are characterized clinically by chronic nonbloody diarrhea and a macroscopically normal colonic mucosa where characteristic histopathological findings are seen. Previously considered rare, they now have emerged as common disorders that need to be considered in the investigation of the patient with chronic diarrhea. The annual incidence of each disorder is five to ten per 100,000 inhabitants, with a peak incidence in 60- to 70-year-old individuals and a predominance of female patients in collagenous colitis. The etiology and pathophysiology are not well understood, and the current view suggests an uncontrolled mucosal immune reaction to various luminal agents in predisposed individuals. Clinical symptoms comprise chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, weight loss, and fecal incontinence that may impair the patient's health-related quality of life. An association is reported with other autoimmune disorders, such as celiac disease, thyroid disorders, diabetes mellitus, and arthritis. The best-documented treatment, both short-term and long-term, is budesonide, which induces clinical remission in up to 80% of patients after 8 weeks' treatment. However, after successful budesonide therapy is ended, recurrence of clinical symptoms is common, and the best possible long-term management deserves further study. The long-term prognosis is good, and the risk of complications, including colonic cancer, is low. We present an update of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of

  6. [Conception of the history of science in the interpretation of Bogdan Suchodolski].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lietz, Natalia

    2011-01-01

    In the article is presented the conception of the history of science in the interpretation of Bogdan Suchodolski. Having described the conception of the history of science created by George Sarton (1884-1956), whose thought was influenced by positivistic philosophy of August Comte, the idea of the history of science of Johan Nordstr6m (1891-1967), who was inspired by the system of Wilhelm Dilthey, and the materialistic conception of the history of science, which was represented, among others, by John Desmond Bernal (1901-1971), the author is making an attempt at revealing to what extent Bogdan Suchodolski was inspired by the above-mentioned visions of the history of science. Having defined the history of science as the history of scientific activity of people and their consciousness formed by the activity, Bogdan Suchodolski applied in the field of his own conception of the history of science the ideas that were put forward by German thinkers and philosophers, and were connected with a way of understanding culture as the constant development of national awareness, which can be exemplified with different dimensions of culture. Undoubtedly, identifying the history of Polish science with constitutive element of the history of national culture and paying attention to the conceptions tending not only to explaining, but also understanding phenomena, B. Suchodolski was influenced by Alfred Vierkandt's and Wilhelm Dilthey's thought. The present article includes several reflections on the conception of the history of science, which was created by B. Suchodolski. Among others, we can find here detailed information on how B. Suchodolski understood: the history of science, its subject, aim and methodology; its status in modern social consciousness and as the history of truth; relations between history of science and theory of science and scientific policy, history of science and the problem of unity and diversity of scientific thinking, history of science and ideas, history of

  7. Sociology of gender violence in Spain. A proposed analysis

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    Mercedes Alcañiz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Johan Galtung coined the concept of «triangle of violence» to explain the dynamics of the generation of violence in social conflicts. According to this author, violence is like an iceberg in which the visible violence (or direct violence is only a part of the conflict, with other more invisible types of violence such as structural violence and cultural violence. Understanding violence, in this case against women, means taking into account the three types of violence. Likewise, in the feminist theory, the presence of a specific type of violence to which women are exposed by their gender and which concerns injuries, physical, sexual, psychological or economic distress was made explicit. From this point of view, violence against women is understood as part of a system of domination or, more specifically, as dominance practices established by men. The purpose of the text presented hereafter is to describe and analyze the various types of violence against women in relation with the uneven situation of women in society. The methodology used has required the consultation of secondary data obtained from official resources, as well as the development of indicators which show the violence experienced by women from the perspective of the «triangle of violence», regarding data in relation with direct, structural or cultural violence. The findings suggest the interrelation of such violence types, specifying that, in all of them, the lesser power and the inequality of women with regard to men constitutes an explanatory factor in the production of violence.

  8. Fešta

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    Tommy Wieringa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ujutro je pred kuću stigao rasklimani kamionet. U njemu su sjedila dvojica muškaraca. Jedan se zvao Johan, drugi je bio stari crnac kojega nisam poznavao. U prikolici je stajala svinja, gadno stvorenje medvjeđe veličine, zlih očica. Jedva je čekala da provali i razbije nas. Spustili su vratašca prikolice i istjerali je van. Svinje koje sam viđao u divljini bile su crne, ova je bila ružičasta. Uvoz. Baš kao i mi. Našli su je kod seljaka u Tamarijnu.Muškarci su odveli svinju do drveta iza kuće, prebacili uže preko grane, jednim joj krajem zavezali stražnje noge i, podigavši je, objesili je naglavačke. Skvičala je iz petnih žila. Drvo se treslo od siline kojom se trzala na užetu. Kad je bila pola metra nad zemljom, crnac joj je jednim potezom prerezao grlo. Vrela je krv šikljala iz rane. Na tlu je stajala limenka od ulja u koju je krv istjecala. Zvijer se grčevito koprcala, oblijetale su je muhe. Zatim je još par puta zadrhtala i onda je bilo gotovo.Mesari su iscijeđenu mrcinu položili na radni stol u sjeni. Odsjekli su joj noge sjekiricom. Oštra je dlaka obrijana, trbuh rasporen. Ispale su iznutrice. Muškarci su radili smireno i brzo, otirući oštrice o hlače. Pas je zavijao trčeći naokolo.

  9. Economic value of in vitro fertilization in Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan

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    Mandrik O

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Olena Mandrik,1 Saskia Knies,1,2 Johan L Severens1,3 1Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, 2National Health Care Institute, Diemen, 3iMTA Institute of Medical Technology Assessment, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, the Netherlands Background: An economic value calculation was performed to estimate the lifetime net present value of in vitro fertilization (IVF in Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan. Methods: Net lifetime tax revenues were used to represent governmental benefits accruing from a hypothetical cohort of an IVF population born in 2009 using the methodology of generational accounting. Governmental expenses related to this population included social benefits, education and health care, unemployment support, and pensions. Where available, country-specific data referencing official sources were applied. Results: The average health care cost needed to achieve one additional birth from the governmental perspective varied from $2,599 in Ukraine to $5,509 in Belarus. The net present value from the population born using IVF was positive in all countries: for Ukraine ($9,839, Belarus ($21,702, and Kazakhstan ($2,295. The break-even costs of drugs and supplies per IVF procedure is expected to be $3,870, $8,530, and $1,780, respectively. Probabilistic sensitivity analyses based on 5,000 simulations show that the average net present value per person remains positive: $1,894±$7,619, $27,925±$12,407, and $17,229±$24,637 in Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, respectively. Conclusion: Financing IVF may represent a good investment in terms of governmental financial returns, even in lower-income countries with state-financed health care systems such as Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan. Keywords: in vitro fertilization, economic value of life, developing countries

  10. Valeurs bibliophiles dans la langue française presentes en Bucovine (XVII-eme-XVIII-eme siecles

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    Olimpia Mitric

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Comme on le sait, la Moldavie a été la plus réceptive des trois provinces roumaines à la culture française. Dans cette province-ci, les contacts avec le mouvement d'idées européen ont été plus puissants. La lutte d'affirmation nationale a mené à l'augmentation de la conscience politique de la société moldave et à une participation plus accentuée à la vie politique. Le goût pour la lecture a évolue, aussi, pendant que la mentalité a commencé se transformer; on sollicite et ensuite traduit les oeuvres dans lesquelles apparaissent les idées sociales politiques, l'histoire universelle, la géographie, les conquêtes de la technique ou la littérature philosophique-moralisatrice. Les plus anciennes copies en roumain des oeuvres traduites du français, qui se trouvent dans nos bibliothèques datent de la fin du XVIII-ème siècle. Celles-ci sont des traductions de Voltaire, Marmontel, Ambrosius Marlianus, Francesco Loredano, Fénélon, Johan Thuresson Oxenstiern, Gabriel Pérau, Alain Réné Lesage, André Guillaume Constant d' Orville. Le livre imprimé (inclusivement jusqu' en 1800 provient des ateliers typographiques de Paris, Londres, Genève, Regensburg, Basel et Berlin. Le plus ancien exemplaire, Le tableau de L'Europe, est imprimé à Paris, en 1651. Pour ceux qui s'y intéressent, nous avons organisé la liste de ces livres, sur catégories de détenteurs.

  11. Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing bacteria in food

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    Tham J

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Johan Tham,1 Mats Walder,2 Eva Melander,2,3 Inga Odenholt11Infectious Diseases Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, 2Medical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; 3Department of Infection Control, Laboratory Medicine, Skåne County, SwedenAbstract: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae with Cefotaximase–München (CTX-M enzymes are rapidly increasing worldwide and pose a threat to health care. ESBLs with CTX-M enzymes have been isolated from animals and different food products, but it is unknown if food imported from the Mediterranean area may be a possible reservoir of these bacteria. During 2007–2008, swab samples from food across different retail outlets (mostly food from the Mediterranean countries and Swedish chicken were collected. Escherichia coli strains from Swedish meat and E. coli isolates from unspecified food from a Swedish food testing laboratory were also examined. In 349 of the 419 swab samples, growth of Enterobacteriaceae was found. In most of the samples, there was also growth of Gram-negative environmental bacteria. Air dry-cured products contained significantly less Enterobacteriaceae isolates compared to lettuces; however, none of the examined Enterobacteriaceae harbored ESBLs. This study did not support the theory that imported food from the Mediterranean area or Swedish domestic food might constitute an important vehicle for the dissemination of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae; however, a spread from food to humans may have occurred after 2008.Keywords: ESBL, antibiotic resistance, zoonosis, food, Enterobacteriaceae

  12. Discourses of Blame and Responsibility: U.S./Canadian Media Representations of Palestinian-Israeli Relations

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    Bruno Baltodano

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available To test the assumption of a deep cultural divide between Canada and the United States, the researchers employed critical discourse analysis to examine the texts of one U.S. and one Canadian newspaper as artifacts and productions of the two countries' cultural inclinations toward international conflict and peace. The authors found differences in the intensity and pervasiveness of pro-militaristic discourse in the two nations' media texts but did not find evidence to support the thesis that Canada and the United States are divided by profound and intractable distinctions of values, beliefs or cultures. Instead the two newspapers demonstrated a noteworthy similarity of language, tone and text that presented shared perspectives on distant political and electoral initiatives in Israel and Palestine. Several strong similarities appeared across some two years of news coverage and political statements in Canada and the United States about the Palestinian parliamentary and presidential elections as well as the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza. Five familiar themes emerged to present Israelis and Palestinians in largely dichotomous and oppositional terms. When the news context was an election or a withdrawal from occupied territory, rather than military aggression, media nevertheless represented the two parties as engaged in a zero-sum game. The consistent narratives of "othering" established and re-enforced narrow roles for both parties, placed blame and responsibility, and charged Palestinians with the (often unilateral obligation to resolve the conflict. This media coverage demonstrates a convergence rather than a division of cultures across the longest undefended border in the world. These findings also support earlier work establishing the prevalence of "war journalism" in mainstream news coverage by the West. In news contexts that might have provided an opportunity to embrace significant components of Johan Galtung's concept of peace journalism, neither

  13. Massenmedien und Versöhnung: Die Berichterstattung über den deutsch-französischen Friedensprozeß nach dem 2. Weltkrieg

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    Susanne Jaeger

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Der vorliegende Beitrag beinhaltet die ersten Ergebnisse einer Langzeitstudie, bei der flächendeckend die deutsche Nachkriegsberichterstattung über Frankreich von 1946 bis 1970 inhaltsanalytisch ausgewertet wurde. Die Studie stützt sich dabei auf das Modell der Nachrichtenfaktoren von Johan Galtung, welche nach seiner Ansicht die Auswahl der Themen bestimmen, die zu einer Nachricht werden. Genau in diesen Selektionsroutinen liegt jedoch die implizite Gefahr, Konflikte zu vertiefen statt sie einzudämmen bzw. durch ein breites Verständnis der Hintergründe gewaltfrei bearbeitbar zu machen. Für die Zeit nach einem Krieg könnten sie Hindernisse auf dem Weg zur Annäherung und Aussöhnung ehemaliger Gegner darstellen. Wie jedoch sieht die Berichterstattung nach dem Krieg tatsächlich aus? Zeigen Massenmedien Bereitschaft zu einer veränderten Berichterstattung? Der Fall der französisch-deutschen Aussöhnung, welcher als Beispiel für einen gelungenen Aussöhnungsprozess gelten kann, belegt, dass Friedensprozesse von den Medien durchaus adäquat begleitet werden können: Z.B. ist der Anteil "positiver" Themen bzw. Berichterstattung konsistent höher als der "negativer", und der Anteil von Non-Elite-Themen steigt an und kündet von Interesse an französischer Lebensart und Kultur. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Negativismus in den Medien kein Naturgesetz ist, sondern überwunden werden kann, wenn Frieden und Versöhnung auf der Tagesordnung stehen.

  14. The meaning of destruction: Definition and contextualization of disaster movies

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    Tomašević Milan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The disaster movie is one of the most persistent genres in cinematography, but it constantly escapes our attention because it is presented as “easy summer fun”. If we want to understand it as a cultural document of an epoch in which the genre is important and popular, we need to come up with a definition, formula and conventions of a disaster movie. Also, we must propose one of many possible comprehensions of its popularity and religious heritage. The paper uses definitions of genre, conventions and formulae in the attempt to show a way of using popular narratives in the transmission of a world view. Using a narrative structure gives us a glimpse into the deeper cultural, social and political context in which the disaster movie is created, popular or rejected. The paper discusses disaster movies as cultural artifacts, as a ritual we are practicing without remembering its purpose. Also, paper is examining identifying apocalyptic and catastrophic as an product of interposition of Apocalypse to Johan and Great Tribulation. Using apocalyptic literature, end times narratives and disaster movies, the paper shows the fruitfulness of destruction representations and imaginarium of terror. Using fear and shock, the messages of disaster movies seems more urgent and relevant. Through the ideas of Susan Sontag and Maurice Yacowar, the paper presents a way for analyzing the contemporary disaster movie. Conventions and formulae of disaster movies help us to understand the way modern cinematography is used for cultural and political means. The popularity of disaster movies can be seen as a form of ”ritualization of discontent” wherein the viewers experience some sort of catharsis. Also, disaster movie gathers different interests and actualizes thirstness for transformation of order or achieving justice. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177026

  15. Usage rate segmentation: enriching the US wine market profile

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    Kelley K

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Kathleen Kelley,1 Jeffrey Hyde,2 Johan Bruwer3 1Department of Plant Science, 2Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA; 3School of Marketing, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia Abstract: The purpose of this research is to enrich our knowledge of the US wine market and provide insights into how usage rate segmentation can be enhanced by select innovative perspectives of current offerings. Data were collected through a 15-minute online survey of 910 US wine drinkers randomly selected from a panel of consumers. It was found that the “super core” segment not only drank wine more frequently, but also were more likely to drink other types of alcohol presented (beer, distilled spirits, and ready-to-drink cocktails, and at a greater frequency, “at least once a week” and “about once a week”, than “marginal” drinkers. Differences between usage rate segments existed between sex and age generations. Female millennial “super core” consumers would increase wine consumption if the number of calories were reduced to fewer than 80 per 5 oz serving. Practical implications for a winery or wine retailer might include the potential to add these beverages to their product offering or bundling these beverages to create packages (allowing for mass customization, which is used often in retail and appropriately marketing these offerings to their customers. Changes that may invoke a positive response are wine made from “sustainably farmed” or “naturally farmed” grapes, and certified carbon-free wine. From an originality viewpoint, this study is the first to investigate how usage rate segmentation can be enriched by means of variable cross-extension and examination. Keywords: consumer behavior, market segmentation, usage rate, consumption frequency, USA

  16. SCHOOL COMMUNITY PERCEPTION OF LIBRARY APPS AGAINTS LIBRARY EMPOWERMENT

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    Achmad Riyadi Alberto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This research is motivated by the development of information and communication technology (ICT in the library world so rapidly that allows libraries in the present to develop its services into digital-based services. This study aims to find out the school community’s perception of library apps developed by Riche Cynthia Johan, Hana Silvana, and Holin Sulistyo and its influence on library empowerment at the library of SD Laboratorium Percontohan UPI Bandung. Library apps in this research belong to the context of m-libraries, which is a library that meets the needs of its users by using mobile platforms such as smartphones,computers, and other mobile devices. Empowerment of library is the utilization of all aspects of the implementation of libraries to the best in order to achieve the expected goals. An analysis of the schoolcommunity’s perception of library apps using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM includes: ease of use, usefulness, usability, usage trends, and real-use conditions. While the empowerment of the library includes aspects: information empowerment, empowerment of learning resources, empowerment of human resources, empowerment of library facilities, and library promotion. The research method used in this research is descriptive method with quantitative approach. Population and sample in this research is school community at SD Laboratorium Percontohan UPI Bandung. Determination of sample criteria by using disproportionate stratified random sampling with the number of samples of 83 respondents. Data analysis using simple linear regression to measure the influence of school community perception about library apps to library empowerment. The result of data analysis shows that there is influence between school community perception about library apps to library empowerment at library of SD Laboratorium Percontohan UPI Bandung which is proved by library acceptance level and library empowerment improvement.

  17. Consumers’ knowledge of and attitudes toward the role of oak in winemaking

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    Crump AM

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Anna M Crump,1 Trent E Johnson,1 Susan EP Bastian,1 Johan Bruwer,1,2 Kerry L Wilkinson1 1School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, SA, Australia; 2Ehrenberg-Bass Institute, The University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia Abstract: Oak plays an important role in the production of some white wines and most red wines. Yet, consumers’ knowledge of the use of oak in winemaking and their preference for oak-related sensory attributes remains unclear. This study examined the knowledge and attitudes of 1,015 Australian wine consumers toward the use of oak in winemaking. Consumers who indicated a liking of oak-aged wines (n=847 were segmented according to their knowledge of the role of oak in wine production. Four distinct consumer clusters were identified, with significantly different preferences for wine sensory attributes and opinions regarding the use of oak alternatives for wine maturation. One segment comprised more knowledgeable consumers, who appreciate and value traditional oak maturation regimes, for which they are willing to pay a premium price. However, a segment comprising less knowledgeable wine consumers was accepting of the use of oak chips, provided wine quality was not compromised. Winemakers can therefore justify the use of oak alternatives to achieve oak-aged wines at lower price points. The outcomes of this study can be used by winemakers to better tailor their wines to the specific needs and expectations of consumers within different segments of the market. Keywords: maturation, segmentation, wine, wine consumers

  18. Existing data sources for clinical epidemiology: The Western Denmark Heart Registry

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    Morten Schmidt

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Morten Schmidt1, Michael Maeng2, Carl-Johan Jakobsen3, Morten Madsen1, Leif Thuesen2, Per Hostrup Nielsen4, Hans Erik Bøtker2, Henrik Toft Sørensen11Department of Clinical Epidemiology, 2Department of Cardiology, 3Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, 4Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital-Skejby, DenmarkBackground: The Western Denmark Heart Registry (WDHR has not previously been described as a research tool in clinical epidemiology.Objectives: We examined the setting, organization, content, data quality, and research potential of the WDHR.Method: We collected information from members of the WDHR organization, including the committee of representatives, the board, the data management group, and physicians reporting to the database. We retrieved 2008 data from the WDHR to illustrate database variables.Results: The WDHR is a clinical database within a population-based health care system. It was launched on 1 January 1999 to monitor and improve the quality of cardiac intervention in Western Denmark (population: 3.3 million and to allow for clinical and health-service research. More than 200,000 interventions, with 50–150 variables each, have been registered. The data quality is ensured by automatic validation rules at data entry combined with systematic validation procedures and random spot-checks after entry.Conclusions: The WDHR is a valuable research tool because it provides ongoing longitudinal registration of detailed patient and procedural data. The Danish national health care system enables this research because it allows complete follow-up for medical events after cardiac intervention by linkage with multiple medical databases.Keywords: cardiac surgical procedures, catheterization, coronary angiography, database, epidemiology, registries

  19. Oassi sámi noaidevuođa birra Kaspar Peucera čállosis Commentarius de praecipuis divinationum generibus (Wittenberg 1560: Teakstakritihkalaš hámis jorgalusain ja kommentáraiguin

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    Per Pippin Aspaas

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The text on Sami shamanism in Caspar Peucer’s Commentarius de praecipuis divinationum generibus (Wittenberg 1560: Critical edition, with translation and commentary. Among the sources dealing with the shamanistic skills of the Sami (formerly Lapponian population, a certain text by Kaspar Peucer has so far been little known. This man of extreme learning was the son-in-law of Philip Melanchthon and a Professor at the University of Wittenberg. A true polyhistor, well versed in Medicine, Geography, Astrology, Theology, etc., Peucer included in his chef-d’oeuvre on divination an elaborate description of the shamanism of the so-called Pilappii. The present article offers a critical edition of this text, based on the editions of Wittenberg 1560 (A, 1572 (B, 1580 (C, as well as Zerbst 1591 (D and Frankfurt 1593 (E. In addition to translations into North Sami and Norwegian (see Appendix, some contextualisation is offered, which can be summarised as follows: A similar testimony on shamanism is found in the Historia de gentibus Septentrionalibus by Olaus Magnus (Rome 1555. However, that text is not elaborate enough to prove that Kaspar Peucer has copied his description from him. It is more likely that some student among the considerable number of Swedes, Finns and Norwegians that were immatriculated at Wittenberg University in the years following the Reformation, presented this account to Peucer. Many details in the account make it strikingly similar to Sami folk narratives that have been assembled several centuries later. For example, the description of maritime Sami by Anders Larsen (1870–1949, the Sami book by Johan Turi (published 1910 and Sami songs (joik that were collected by Jacob Fellman in the 1820’s can be compared with Peucer’s account. Peucer himself, however, categorised the shamanism of the Sami as a form of theomanteia, i.e. a form of magic which he considered to originate not from the true God, but from the Devil.

  20. Controlling drug delivery kinetics from mesoporous titania thin films by pore size and surface energy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karlsson J

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Johan Karlsson, Saba Atefyekta, Martin Andersson Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden Abstract: The osseointegration capacity of bone-anchoring implants can be improved by the use of drugs that are administrated by an inbuilt drug delivery system. However, to attain superior control of drug delivery and to have the ability to administer drugs of varying size, including proteins, further material development of drug carriers is needed. Mesoporous materials have shown great potential in drug delivery applications to provide and maintain a drug concentration within the therapeutic window for the desired period of time. Moreover, drug delivery from coatings consisting of mesoporous titania has shown to be promising to improve healing of bone-anchoring implants. Here we report on how the delivery of an osteoporosis drug, alendronate, can be controlled by altering pore size and surface energy of mesoporous titania thin films. The pore size was varied from 3.4 nm to 7.2 nm by the use of different structure-directing templates and addition of a swelling agent. The surface energy was also altered by grafting dimethylsilane to the pore walls. The drug uptake and release profiles were monitored in situ using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D and it was shown that both pore size and surface energy had a profound effect on both the adsorption and release kinetics of alendronate. The QCM-D data provided evidence that the drug delivery from mesoporous titania films is controlled by a binding–diffusion mechanism. The yielded knowledge of release kinetics is crucial in order to improve the in vivo tissue response associated to therapeutic treatments. Keywords: mesoporous titania, controlled drug delivery, release kinetics, alendronate, QCM-D

  1. TECHNOLOGICAL DRIVERS OF (REVOLUTIONARY CHANGE IN MODERN SOCIETIES AND HOW DEVELOPING COUNTRIES MIGHT PRODUCTIVELY RESPOND TO THEM VIA INTENTIONAL, THOUGHTFUL “LEAPFROGGING”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric GILDER

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Over the time since he was a fresh graduate student in the early 1980s till now, this academic has seen the world being totally transformed from an analogue into a digital “format”. It all started innocently enough with large computers in rooms doing tedious counting and data-tabulating tasks on Hollerith cards while we humans carried on our analogue lives in relative peace. From 1985-1995, the world did change from an (largely unseen tsunami begun from the small waves made by these nascent digital technologies. By 1995, the CD, audio digital recorders and DVD player had replaced earlier technologies. Computers (of a second or third generation had replaced the typewriter; the Soviet bloc and its (long-decaying governance models were only a bad memory (its economic model undone by technologies and demands of the new “third wave” post-industrial knowledge society. Finally, the worldwide web Internet 2.0 was arriving, which would surely change the means and modes of the communicative acts, affecting the economic, political and social/cultural spheres in turn. Using Kenneth Boulding, Marshall McLuhan and Johan Galtung as sage guides, the paper will outline the transformations these technical inventions wrought in the economic, political and cultural spheres in rapid order over the noted decade, considering how the “developed” world has been affected by these changes, bot negatively and positively. Following this, it will briefly consider how the disruptive effects of the digital revolution experienced can be counter-balanced by looking at how “developing” communities and economies have been able to “leap-frog” barriers in how they use digital technologies for both individual and collective humanistic gain.

  2. Comparative performance of a panel of commercially available antimicrobial nanocoatings in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molling JW

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Johan W Molling, Jacques W Seezink, Birgit EJ Teunissen, Inhua Muijrers-Chen, Paul JA Borm Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, Heerlen, the Netherlands Background: Bacterial resistance against the classic antibiotics is posing an increasing challenge for the prevention and treatment of infections in health care environments. The introduction of antimicrobial nanocoatings with active ingredients provides alternative measures for active killing of microorganisms, through a preventive hygiene approach. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of a panel of antimicrobial coatings available on the European market. Methods: A comparative, biased selection of commercially available antimicrobial coatings was tested for antimicrobial efficiency. Suppliers were contacted to deliver their coatings on glass and/or stainless steel substrates. In total, 23 coatings from eleven suppliers were received, which were investigated for their effect on the growth of Escherichia coli, using the International Organization for Standardization (ISO 22196 protocol. Results: The majority of nanomaterial-containing coatings (n=13 contained nanosilver (n=12, while only one had photocatalytic TiO2 as the active particle. The differences in antimicrobial activity among all of the coatings, expressed as log reduction values, varied between 1.3 and 6.6, while the variation within the nanomaterial-based group was between 2.0 and 6.2. Although nanosilver coatings were on average very effective in reducing the number of viable bacteria after challenge, the strongest log reduction (6.6 was seen with a coating that has immobilized, covalently bound quaternary ammonium salt in its matrix. Besides these two compounds, coatings containing TiO2, poly(dimethylsiloxane, triclosan, or zinc pyrithione evoked 100% killing of E. coli. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that nanosilver dominates the nanoparticle-based coatings and performs adequately

  3. Conocer para comprender la violencia: origen, causas y realidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Jiménez-Bautista

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende analizar de formamás pormenorizada las formas y clases de violencia, atendiendo las clasificaciones que se hacen desde la Investigación para la paz. En este análisis pretendemos destacar un compendio de razones, orígenes, formas, resultados y ambigüedades de la palabra violencia, pero sobre todo los factores que pueden condicionar los comportamientos violentos de los seres humanos: como el instinto, el aprendizaje social, la frustración, etc., que se pueden aprovechar como una herramienta intelectual para inducir al ser humano hacia el entendimiento, la armonía y, de manera especial, la transformación de conflictos. Siguiendo a Johan Galtung intentaremos aclarar los tipos de violencia: directa (verbal, psicológica y física, estructural (pobreza, represión, contaminación, alineación, cultural (ideas, normas, valores, la tradición, y/o simbólica (manifestaciones mediante actos o rituales que dan reconocimiento a la violencia estructural y directa. La tesis central de este artículo es que el "ser humano es conflictivo por naturaleza, pero es violento por educación y cultura". Ésta se argumenta definiendo tres aspectos: a el significado de violencia (fenómeno típicamente humano, biológicamente gratuito, pero psicológicamente voluntario, b las manifestaciones de la violencia, y c su posible taxonomía.

  4. “THE NORDSTROM WAY—WILL IT SURVWE?” (ABSTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark L. Gardner

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Founded in 1901 as a partnership between Swedish immigrant Johan W. Nordstrom and his friend from the Kiondike gold rush, Carl F. Wallin, Nordstrom’s has grown from a single shoe shop in Seattle to a nationwide, upscale department store chain with 114 stores in 23 states. The firm has been continually under the direction of the Nordstrom family (with the exception of a brief period in the late 1990’s.In the 1960’s Nordstrom diversified from shoes into apparel, although it is still widely known for the breadth and depth of its shoe inventory. It began its expansion to the south and east in the 1970’s. It has been second only to Niemann-Marcus in the dollar amount of sales per square foot of floorspace among department store chains. Part of the reason for this has been its exclusive licensing agreement with the French men’s apparel boutique chain Faconnable. In addition to its full-service department stores and Faconnable boutiques, Nordstrom also offers clearance and out-of-season merchandise through its 37 Nordstrom Rack stores. As has been the case with other major chains, its effort to enhance its profitability through its website, Nordstrom.com, has met with mixed results.As Nordstrom enters its second century, its personalized approach to customer service is being copied by other chains. The 2000-2001 economic slowdown has affected the entire retailing industry negatively. Nordstrom seems well positioned to withstand these challenges because of its relatively strong financial position, its flexibility in controlling costs, and its strong esprit de corps.

  5. Mental resilience, perceived immune functioning, and health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Schrojenstein Lantman M

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Marith Van Schrojenstein Lantman,1 Marlou Mackus,1 Leila S Otten,1 Deborah de Kruijff,1 Aurora JAE van de Loo,1,2 Aletta D Kraneveld,1,2 Johan Garssen,1,3 Joris C Verster1,2,4 1Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 2Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 3Nutricia Research, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 4Centre for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia Background: Mental resilience can be seen as a trait that enables an individual to recover from stress and to face the next stressor with optimism. People with resilient traits are considered to have a better mental and physical health. However, there are limited data available assessing the relationship between resilient individuals and their perspective of their health and immune status. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between mental resilience, perceived health, and perceived immune status. Methods: A total of 779 participants recruited at Utrecht University completed a questionnaire consisting of demographic characteristics, the brief resilience scale for the assessment of mental resilience, the immune function questionnaire (IFQ, and questions regarding their perceived health and immune status. Results: When correcting for gender, age, height, weight, smoker status, amount of cigarettes smoked per week, alcohol consumption status, amount of drinks consumed per week, drug use, and frequency of past year drug use, mental resilience was significantly correlated with perceived health (r=0.233, p=0.0001, perceived immune functioning (r=0.124, p=0.002, and IFQ score (r=−0.185, p=0.0001. Conclusion: A significant, albeit modest, relationship was found between mental resilience and perceived immune functioning and health. Keywords: mental resilience, immune functioning, health, vitality, quality of life

  6. A Tuscan travel party amongst the Frisian natives. The day trip of prince Cosimo to Stavoren and Molkwerum, 26 June 1669

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans Cools

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Una compagnia di viaggio toscana tra i frisi. La gita di Cosimo a Stavoren e Molkwerum (26 giugno 1669. Quest’articolo esamina la percezione della Frisia attestata in alcuni resoconti dell’escursione a Stavoren e Molkwerum compiuta nel 1669 da Cosimo de’ Medici. Il principe toscano visitò la Repubblica delle Provincie Unite negli anni 1667-1768 e 1669 per studiare le strutture politiche ed economiche di un paese che in alcuni decenni era diventato una grande potenza. Benché la comitiva principesca fosse prevalentemente interessata a vedere le grandi città olandesi, il suo ospite Johan de Witt le aveva consigliato di visitare anche la Frisia, regione piuttosto isolata e reputata per aver conservato gli antichi usi e costumi. Il 26 giugno 1669 la comitiva compì un’escursione al sudovest della Frisia. Sebbene la cittadina portuale di Stavoren fosse nota come la capitale degli antichi Frisoni e gli intellettuali olandesi apprezzassero Molkwerum per l’urbanistica labirintica, la religione anabattistica e l’uso della lingua antica, i viaggiatori toscani sembrano essere stati colpiti più dal declino e dalla stranezza della zona che dal suo fascino culturale e storico. Dai resoconti di viaggio non pare che la comitiva, venuta nei Paesi Bassi per scoprire novità, abbia valutato positivamente il contrasto della primitiva Frisia con l’Olanda moderna. Questo studio illustra pertanto come i toscani non adottavano automaticamente l’immagine della Frisia propagata dagli olandesi, ma esprimevano invece una percezione diversa, motivata da obiettivi di viaggio non necessariamente storico-culturali.

  7. Enhancing Lifestyle Change in Cardiac Patients Through the Do CHANGE System ("Do Cardiac Health: Advanced New Generation Ecosystem"): Randomized Controlled Trial Protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habibović, Mirela; Broers, Eva; Piera-Jimenez, Jordi; Wetzels, Mart; Ayoola, Idowu; Denollet, Johan; Widdershoven, Jos

    2018-02-08

    Promoting a healthy lifestyle (eg, physical activity, healthy diet) is crucial for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiac disease in order to decrease disease burden and mortality. The current trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the Do Cardiac Health: Advanced New Generation Ecosystem (Do CHANGE) service, which is developed to assist cardiac patients in adopting a healthy lifestyle and improving their quality of life. Cardiac patients (ie, people who have been diagnosed with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and/or hypertension) will be recruited at three pilot sites (Badalona Serveis Assistencials, Badalona, Spain [N=75]; Buddhist Tzu Chi Dalin General Hospital, Dalin, Taiwan [N=100] and Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands [N=75]). Patients will be assisted by the Do Something Different (DSD) program to change their unhealthy habits and/or lifestyle. DSD has been developed to increase behavioral flexibility and subsequently adopt new (healthier) habits. In addition, patients' progress will be monitored with a number of (newly developed) devices (eg, Fitbit, Beddit, COOKiT, FLUiT), which will be integrated in one application. The Do CHANGE trial will provide us with new insights regarding the effectiveness of the proposed intervention in different cultural settings. In addition, it will give insight into what works for whom and why. The Do CHANGE service integrates new technologies into a behavior change intervention in order to change the unhealthy lifestyles of cardiac patients. The program is expected to facilitate long-term, sustainable behavioral change. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT03178305; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03178305 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6wfWHvuyU). ©Mirela Habibović, Eva Broers, Jordi Piera-Jimenez, Mart Wetzels, Idowu Ayoola, Johan Denollet, Jos Widdershoven. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 08.02.2018.

  8. Kvanefjeld uranium project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Erlendsson, G.; Jensen, J.; Kofoed, S.; Paulsen, J.L.

    1983-11-01

    The draft uranium project ''Kvanefjeld'' describes the establishment and operation of an industrial plant for exploiting the uranium deposit at Kvanefjeld. The draft project is part of the overall pre-feasibility project and is based on its results. The draft project includes two alternative locations for the processing plant and the tailings deposit plant. The ore reserve is estimated at 56 million tons with an average content of 365 PPM. The mine will be established as an open pit, with a slope angle of 55deg. Conventional techniques are used in drilling, blasting and handling the ore. Waste rock with no uranium content will be disposed of in two ponds near the mine. The waste rock volume is estimated at 80 million tons. A processing plant for extracting uranium from the ore will be established. The technical layout of the plant is based on the extraction experiments performed at Risoe from 1981-83. Yearly capacity is 4.2 million tons of ore. Electrical energy will be supplied from a hydroelectric station to be built at Johan Dahl Land. Thermal energy (steam/heat) will be supplied from a coal-fired district heating plant to be built in connection with the processing plant. Expected power consumption is estimated at 225 GWh/year. Heat consumption is of the same order. In the third year the plant is expected to operate at full capacity. Operating costs will be Dkr. 121/ton of ore from years 1 through 7. Consumption of chemicals will be reduced from the 7th year, and operating costs will consequently drop to Dkr. 115/ton of ore. Calculations show that industrial extraction of the uranium deposit in Kvanefjeld is economically advantageous. In addition, the economy of the project is expected to improve by extracting byproducts from the ore. (EG)

  9. Los conflictos socio-culturales del Poniente Almeriense: El Ejido, una aproximación desde los Estudios para la Paz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Moldes Anaya

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente articulo tiene como objeto mostrar de forma holística las relaciones existentes entre el racismo y la sociedad en la ciudad de El Ejido, Almería, mostrando desde una perspectiva antropológica basada en el materialismo cultural de Marvin Harris y en la Teoría General de Conflcitos de Johan Galtung a la vez que buscando un nexo con los planteamientos de Francisco Jiménez el cual lleva el materialismo cultural a una Antropología para la paz, esta investigación de carácter científico, esta basada el diagnostico, pronostico y terapia de las patologías derivadas de la nueva sociedad posmoderna. La ficcionalización a la que queda subyugada la sociedad, fruto de la biopolítica y el biopoder o uso desmedido del poder, simbólico, directo y estructural, desemboca en un nihilismo compartido por el cual se hace patente un diagnostico multipatológico, y es mediante este, como se conforma un tejido difuso y hostil, donde el racismo mas sutil se hace patente. En tanto a esto, lo que proponemos como posible resolución al conflicto multidimensional del racismo, es, dentro del ámbito de la Teoría General de Conflictos y los Estudios para la Paz, la erradicación de las violencias mediante la aplicación de la Paz Neutra, desarrollada y promovida por Francisco Jiménez, en los diversos contextos donde germen del racismo discriminante se hace visible.

  10. A novel platinum chromium everolimus-eluting stent for the treatment of coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bennett J

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Johan Bennett, Christophe DuboisDepartment of Cardiovascular Diseases, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, BelgiumAbstract: The development of coronary stents represents a major step forward in the treatment of obstructive coronary artery disease since the introduction of percutaneous coronary intervention. The initial enthusiasm for bare metal stents was, however, tempered by a significant incidence of in-stent restenosis, the manifestation of excessive neointima hyperplasia within the stented vessel segment, ultimately leading to target vessel revascularization. Later, drug-eluting stents, with controlled local release of antiproliferative agents, consistently reduced this need for repeat revascularization. In turn, the long-term safety of first-generation drug-eluting stents was brought into question with the observation of an increased incidence of late stent thrombosis, often presenting as myocardial infarction or sudden death. Since then, new drugs, polymers, and platforms for drug elution have been developed to improve stent safety and preserve efficacy. Development of a novel platinum chromium alloy with high radial strength and high radiopacity has enabled the design of a new, thin-strut, flexible, and highly trackable stent platform, while simultaneously improving stent visibility. Significant advances in polymer coating, serving as a drug carrier on the stent surface, and in antiproliferative agent technology have further improved the safety and clinical performance of newer-generation drug-eluting stents. This review will provide an overview of the novel platinum chromium everolimus-eluting stents that are currently available. The clinical data from major clinical trials with these devices will be summarized and put into perspective.Keywords: drug-eluting stent, restenosis, Promus Element, Synergy

  11. Consumption metrics of chardonnay wine consumers in Australia

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    Saliba AJ

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Anthony J Saliba,1 Johan Bruwer,2 Jasmine B MacDonald1 1School of Psychology, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, 2School of Marketing, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia Abstract: There is a dearth of information in the knowledge base about who the chardonnay consumer is, what their wine-consumption metrics are, what sensory characteristics they associate chardonnay with, and who influenced their perceptions. This study examines the consumer engagement with chardonnay, and contributes evidence-based research to inform future wine-business strategy. A population sample was recruited to be representative of Australian consumers. An online survey of 2,024 Australian wine consumers was conducted, 1,533 (76% of whom actually consumed chardonnay. This paper focuses only on those who consumed chardonnay. Males purchased and consumed larger quantities of chardonnay, although marginally more females consumed it. Chardonnay is considered to be characterized by full, lingering, and fruity flavors, as well as yellow color. Chardonnay is associated with dinner parties and at-home consumption. The vast majority of participants liked and had a positive perception of chardonnay. The target market for chardonnay is not only females; in fact, males appear to be the main consumers of this varietal by volume. Marketing and promotion campaigns should leverage the findings to retain current and win back other consumers. This is the first research to provide empirical explanations of consumer engagement with chardonnay, and to contribute evidence-based research in this regard.Keywords: chardonnay, consumer behavior, wine style, wine consumption, Australia

  12. Sharing the Planet. Population - Consumption - Species. Science and Ethics for a Sustainable and Equitable World

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Zwaan, B.; Petersen, A. (eds.)

    2003-11-01

    The world is going through the profound changes of a demographic transition. Population growth is best taken care of when women and men are able to choose freely and responsibly their number of children. The most important aspects are the availability of reliable and safe means and the access women have to knowledge, resources and decision power. General education is a prerequisite. (Groningen Manifesto, statement no. 7). The current international, political, economic and financial order still primarily reflects the claims of international trade. There is a lack of public awareness as to the inescapable limits of the planet's resources and we hardly seem to be moving towards a sustainable and equitable world. The contributors to this volume provide an up-to-date and forceful exposition of this problematique. In the aftermath of the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg, they suggest topical ways to alter the world's course. The keys to reaching a sustainable world, in which the planet is equitably shared among humans and other species, are to consider the impact of our collective actions at longer timescales and to deal head-on with the interconnected issues of population pressure, consumption volume and species loss. The volume displays a multidisciplinary and multicultural approach involving both scientific and ethical arguments. It is of interest to a wide audience of scholars and concerned citizens. With contributions by: Ernst Ulrich von Weizsaecker, Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek, Johan van Klinken, Anne Ehrlich, Sergey Kapitza, Roefie Hueting, Jan van Hooff, Lucas Reijnders, Arthur Petersen, Bob van der Zwaan, Vandana Shiva, Radha Holla, Koo van der Wal, Bas de Gaay Fortman, Atiq Rahman and Jane Goodall.

  13. Historical considerations and comments on the type series of Cyrtodactylus marmoratus Gray, 1831, with an updated comparative table for the bent-toed geckos of the Sunda Islands and Sulawesi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mecke, Sven; Kieckbusch, Max; Hartmann, Lukas; Kaiser, Hinrich

    2016-10-17

    Cyrtodactylus marmoratus Gray, 1831, a species of bent-toed gecko exhibiting a precloacal groove in males, was described on the basis of specimens collected by Heinrich Kuhl and Johan Conrad van Hasselt in Java, Greater Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Kluge (1985) subsequently designated a lectotype for C. marmoratus from a series of these specimens (i.e., syntypes), now housed in the herpetological collection at Naturalis (formerly the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie; RMNH), Leiden, the Netherlands. Our work at Naturalis shows that the type series of C. marmoratus at RMNH actually comprises two sets of specimens, and that examination of specimens from one set or the other by different authors, including Kluge (1985), is responsible for some confusion surrounding the type series of this species. As a consequence, we present relevant morphological data for all 14 specimens constituting the type series of C. marmoratus at RMNH for the first time. The type status of two specimens of C. marmoratus in the collection at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, remains unresolved at present. Owing to the inconsistent naming and application of terms for some key characters (e.g., groove, sulcus, pit, hollow, depression) used in the diagnoses of Cyrtodactylus species, we here propose a set of novel and useful definitions that are supported by photographs. We also illustrate the sexually dimorphic expression of this character in C. marmoratus. Finally, we present a revised comparative table for the bent-toad geckos of the Sunda Islands and Sulawesi.

  14. The Journals and the Works of 1843 with Particular Reference to Either/Or

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Watkin

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The intention of these paper is hermeneutical: it is about understanding better Eithe/Or and for this is made a three level analysis: from the book itself, from the criticism the work had in its own time, and, lastly, from what Kierkegaard wrote about in his diaries. In the first level of the analysis, the main problem revolves arround the prologue and the sermon with which Either/Or culminates, about which nothing is mentioned by Victor Eremita at all and which may look like an added of Judge William as a proposal of another possibility for living life: not only as an aesthete or as an ethical man, but as a religious man. In the second level Johan Ludwig Heiberg's (1791-1880 criticism of Either/Or is reviewed along with other pseudonimous exchanges of comments regarding this work, which come from Kierkegaard's pen in the form of a peculiar strategy. It is noted in the third level that Either/Or and Two Edifying Discourses have in common the fact that they attend the problem of an ethical-religious life, although one begins asking how to be ethical whereas the other concentrates in universal religiosity. With Kierkegaard's diaries and letters is possible to notice the intention of writing a continuation or expanding the end of Either/Or with a text that would treat the religious in the social context of the individual, which allows to deepen the comprehension of Either/Or and Søren Kierkegaard's work in general.

  15. Struggles for recognition: a content analysis of messages posted on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andersen AJ

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Anders Johan W Andersen,1,2 Tommy Svensson31Department of Psychosocial Health, University of Agder, Norway; 2Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden; 3Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, SwedenBackground: The Internet has enlarged the possibilities of human communication and opened new ways of exploring perceptions of mental health. This study is part of a research project aiming to explore, describe, and analyze different discourses of mental health in Norway and Sweden, using material from Internet-based services.Aim: To examine messages posed by users of publicly available question-and-answer services and to describe their content.Methods: A Web search was used to identify Norwegian and Swedish Websites offering mental health services by email or posted messages. A total of 601 messages from 20 services, 10 Norwegian and 10 Swedish, were analyzed by means of qualitative content analysis and further interpreted in light of the social theory of recognition by Honneth.Results: Eight categories emerged from the analysis: family life, couples, others, violence, the ungovernable, self-image, negotiating normality, and life struggles. These categories were then grouped into three themes: (1 relationship to significant others, (2 relationship to self, and (3 relationship to the social community. The themes promoted an understanding of mental health as closely connected to political and social factors.Conclusions: The results showed a variety of concerns from various parts of life and empowered the view that mental health should be understood broadly, at a conceptual level. Mental health emerged as a deeply relational concept that emphasized the equal distribution of chances in life. It strengthened the moral grammar of social inclusion and the acceptance of plurality in social life.Keywords: Internet-based services, mental health, public health, social theory

  16. BIODIVERSITY OF CORALLINE ALGAE IN THE NORTHEASTERN ATLANTIC INCLUDING CORALLINA CAESPITOSA SP. NOV. (CORALLINOIDEAE, RHODOPHYTA)(1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Rachel H; Brodie, Juliet; Russell, Stephen; Irvine, Linda M; Orfanidis, Sotiris

    2009-02-01

    The Corallinoideae (Corallinaceae) is represented in the northeastern Atlantic by Corallina officinalis L.; Corallina elongata J. Ellis et Sol.; Haliptilon squamatum (L.) H. W. Johans., L. M. Irvine et A. M. Webster; and Jania rubens (L.) J. V. Lamour. The delimitation of these geniculate coralline red algae is based primarily on morphological characters. Molecular analysis based on cox1 and 18S rRNA gene phylogenies supported the division of the Corallinoideae into the tribes Janieae and Corallineae. Within the Janieae, a sequence difference of 46-48 bp (8.6%-8.9%) between specimens of H. squamatum and J. rubens in the cox1 phylogeny leads us to conclude that they are congeneric. J. rubens var. rubens and J. rubens var. corniculata (L.) Yendo clustered together in both phylogenies, suggesting that for those genes, there was no genetic basis for the morphological variation. Within the Corallineae, it appears that in some regions, the name C. elongata has been misapplied. C. officinalis samples formed two clusters that differed by 45-54 bp (8.4%-10.0%), indicating species-level divergence, and morphological differences were sufficient to define two species. One of these clusters was consistent with the morphology of the type specimen of C. officinalis (LINN 1293.9). The other species cluster is therefore described here as Corallina caespitosa sp. nov. This study has demonstrated that there is a clear need for a revision of the genus Corallina to determine the extent of "pseudocryptic" diversity in this group of red algae. © 2009 Phycological Society of America.

  17. A Mobile Device App to Reduce Time to Drug Delivery and Medication Errors During Simulated Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebert, Johan N; Ehrler, Frederic; Combescure, Christophe; Lacroix, Laurence; Haddad, Kevin; Sanchez, Oliver; Gervaix, Alain; Lovis, Christian; Manzano, Sergio

    2017-02-01

    391 s (95% CI 298-483), respectively (177.3 s reduction, P=.002). Medication errors were reduced from 70% to 0% (Pmedication errors. ©Johan N Siebert, Frederic Ehrler, Christophe Combescure, Laurence Lacroix, Kevin Haddad, Oliver Sanchez, Alain Gervaix, Christian Lovis, Sergio Manzano. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 01.02.2017.

  18. Towards a Representation of Flexible Canopy N Stiochiometry for Land-surface Models Based on Optimality Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaehle, S.; Caldararu, S.

    2015-12-01

    Foliar nitrogen (N) is know to acclimate to environmental conditions. One particular pertinent response is the general decline in foliar N following exposure to elevated levels of atmospheric CO2 (eCO2). Associated with reduced foliar N is an increased plant nitrogen-use efficiency, which contributes to the plants' sustained growth response to eCO2 in the absence of any counteracting litter N feedbacks. Flexible leaf N thus has important consequences for the mid- to long-term response of terrestrial ecosystems to eCO2. The current generation of land-surface models including a prognostic N cycle generally employ heuristic, and simply mass-balancing parameterisations to estimate changes in stoichiometry given altered N and carbon (C) availability. This generation generally and substantially overestimates the decline of foliar N (and thus the increase in plant nitrogen use efficiency) observed in Free Air CO2 Enrichment Experiments (FACE; Zaehle et al. 2014). In this presentation, I develop a simple, prognostic and dynamic representation of flexible foliar N for use in land-surface models by maximising the marginal gain of net assimilation with respect to the energy investment to generate foliar area and foliar N. I elucidate the underlying assumptions required to simulate the commonly observed decline in foliar N with eCO2 under different scenarios of N availability (Feng et al. 2015). References: Zaehle, Sönke, Belinda E Medlyn, Martin G De Kauwe, Anthony P Walker, Michael C Dietze, Hickler Thomas, Yiqi Luo, et al. 2014. "Evaluation of 11 Terrestrial Carbon-Nitrogen Cycle Models Against Observations From Two Temperate Free-Air CO2 Enrichment Studies." New Phytologist 202 (3): 803-22. doi:10.1111/nph.12697. Feng, Zhaozhong, Tobias RUtting, Håkan Pleijel, GORAN WALLIN, Peter B Reich, Claudia I Kammann, Paul C D Newton, Kazuhiko Kobayashi, Yunjian Luo, and Johan Uddling. 2015. "Constraints to Nitrogen Acquisition of Terrestrial Plants Under Elevated CO 2." Global

  19. Afghanistan in the whirlwind of US-Russia rivalry in Central Asia

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    Yahia Baiza

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Afghanistan has been the political and military focal points of the United States (US and Russia (formerly the Soviet Union for over a half a century. Initially, from the 1950s through to the 1970s, the superpowers competed for influence through educational, economic and technical development projects. They used their international development aid as a strategic tool to penetrate the country’s political elite circles to create a space for their political and strategic influence. The nature of development aid then changed to a series of proxy military conflicts throughout the 1980s, which also changed the fate of Afghanistan from that of a developing to that of a conflict country. The current US occupation of Afghanistan (October 2001-present is the latest in the cycle of conflict and rivalry between the US and Russia in Afghanistan and Central Asia. Against this background, this article presents an analysis of how (i the US and Russia create a context and a situation in which they develop, advance, and implement their political and military discourses and strategic concepts, intending to influence each other’s areas of strategic interests; (ii the different components of conflicts and violence are interconnected with one another; and (iii their rivalry for strategic influence in Afghanistan and the broader region of Central Asia triggered a cycle of conflict and a series of continuing proxy wars in Afghanistan. This article applies Johan Galtung’s theories of conflicts as the broader theoretical framework. The developed framework combines Galtung’s three theories of conflict, namely the ABC triangle of conflict, triangle of violence and triangle of peace strategy (Galtung, 1967, 1996. The findings of this article demonstrate that both the US and Russia fight each other in Afghanistan as well as in the wider Central Asia region by supporting and maintaining their satellite countries and periphery elites in power and negotiate each other

  20. Magnetic resonance imaging investigation of the bone conduction implant – a pilot study at 1.5 Tesla

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    Fredén Jansson KJ

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Karl-Johan Fredén Jansson,1 Bo Håkansson,1 Sabine Reinfeldt,1 Cristina Rigato,1 Måns Eeg-Olofsson2 1Department of Signals and Systems, Chalmers University of Technology, 2Deptartment of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden Purpose: The objective of this pilot study was to investigate if an active bone conduction implant (BCI used in an ongoing clinical study withstands magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of 1.5 Tesla. In particular, the MRI effects on maximum power output (MPO, total harmonic distortion (THD, and demagnetization were investigated. Implant activation and image artifacts were also evaluated.Methods and materials: One implant was placed on the head of a test person at the position corresponding to the normal position of an implanted BCI and applied with a static pressure using a bandage and scanned in a 1.5 Tesla MRI camera. Scanning was performed both with and without the implant, in three orthogonal planes, and for one spin-echo and one gradient-echo pulse sequence. Implant functionality was verified in-between the scans using an audio processor programmed to generate a sequence of tones when attached to the implant. Objective verification was also carried out by measuring MPO and THD on a skull simulator as well as retention force, before and after MRI.Results: It was found that the exposure of 1.5 Tesla MRI only had a minor effect on the MPO, ie, it decreased over all frequencies with an average of 1.1±2.1 dB. The THD remained unchanged above 300 Hz and was increased only at lower frequencies. The retention magnet was demagnetized by 5%. The maximum image artifacts reached a distance of 9 and 10 cm from the implant in the coronal plane for the spin-echo and the gradient-echo sequence, respectively. The test person reported no MRI induced sound from the implant.Conclusion: This pilot study indicates that the present BCI

  1. Lack of effect of methotrexate in budesonide-refractory collagenous colitis

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    Münch A

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Andreas Münch,1,* Johan Bohr,2,3,* Lina Vigren,4 Curt Tysk,2,3,* Magnus Ström1,* 1Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping University, Linköping, 2Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro University, Örebro, 3School of Health and Medical Science, Örebro University, Örebro, 4Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Clinical Science, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden *These authors are members of the Swedish Organization for the study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (SOIBD, a national organization for gastroenterologists, colorectal surgeons, and basic scientists Background: In most cases, collagenous colitis can be treated effectively with budesonide. However, some patients develop side effects or have chronic symptoms refractory to budesonide. This paper reports an open case series of patients intolerant or refractory to budesonide who were treated with methotrexate (MTX. Methods and patients: Nine patients (seven women with a median (range age of 62 (44–77 years were studied. Bowel movements were registered during 1 week prior to baseline and after 6 and 12 weeks’ treatment, enabling calculation of the mean bowel movements/day. All patients underwent colonoscopy with biopsies before inclusion to confirm diagnosis. Open treatment with MTX was given 15 mg subcutaneously weekly for 6 weeks and was increased to 25 mg for a further 6 weeks if symptoms were unresponsive to the first 6 weeks’ treatment. The endpoint was clinical remission, which was defined as a mean <3 stools/day and mean <1 watery stool/day/week at Week 12. The Short Health Scale was used at baseline and Week 12 to assess health-related quality of life. Results: Five patients fulfilled the treatment according to the protocol and four patients discontinued the study after 3–6 weeks because of adverse events. No patient achieved

  2. The epidemiology of polypharmacy in older adults: register-based prospective cohort study

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    Morin L

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Lucas Morin,1 Kristina Johnell,1 Marie-Laure Laroche,2,3 Johan Fastbom,1 Jonas W Wastesson1 1Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2University Hospital of Limoges, Service de Pharmacologie, Toxicologie et Pharmacovigilance, Limoges, France; 3Faculté de Médecine, Université de Limoges, Limoges, France Objective: Polypharmacy is the concomitant use of several drugs by a single person, and it increases the risk of adverse drug-related events in older adults. Little is known about the epidemiology of polypharmacy at the population level. We aimed to measure the prevalence and incidence of polypharmacy and to investigate the associated factors. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted using register data with national coverage in Sweden. A total of 1,742,336 individuals aged ≥65 years at baseline (November 1, 2010 were included and followed until death or the end of the study (December 20, 2013. Results: On average, individuals were exposed to 4.6 (SD =4.0 drugs at baseline. The prevalence of polypharmacy (5+ drugs was 44.0%, and the prevalence of excessive polypharmacy (10+ drugs was 11.7%. The incidence rate of polypharmacy among individuals without polypharmacy at baseline was 19.9 per 100 person-years, ranging from 16.8% in individuals aged 65–74 years to 33.2% in those aged ≥95 years (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] =1.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.42–1.56. The incidence rate of excessive polypharmacy was 8.0 per 100 person-years. Older adults using multi-dose dispensing were at significantly higher risk of developing incident polypharmacy compared with those receiving ordinary prescriptions (HR =1.51, 95% CI 1.47–1.55. When adjusting for confounders, living in nursing home was found to be associated with lower risks of incident polypharmacy and incident excessive polypharmacy (HR =0.79 and HR =0.86, p<0.001, respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence and incidence of polypharmacy are high among

  3. Effects of deep brain stimulation amplitude on motor performance in Parkinson’s disease

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    Conovaloff A

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Alison Conovaloff,1 Narayanan Krishnamurthi,1 Padma Mahant,2 Johan Samanta,2 James Abbas11Center for Adaptive Neural Systems, School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering, Ira A Fulton School of Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA, 2Movement Disorders Clinic, Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, USABackground: The efficacy of deep brain stimulation (DBS in Parkinson’s disease has been convincingly demonstrated in studies comparing motor performance with and without stimulation, but characterization of the stimulation dose-response curves has been limited.Methods: In a series of case studies, eight subjects with Parkinson’s disease and bilateral DBS systems were evaluated at their clinically determined stimulation (CDS and at three reduced amplitudes, ie, approximately 70%, 30%, and 0% of the CDS (MOD, LOW, and OFF, respectively. Performance was assessed using the motor section of the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS-III, which includes subscores for tremor, bradykinesia, gait, posture, and tapping. Data at the reduced settings were analyzed to determine if individual subjects demonstrated a threshold-like response, which was defined as a dose-response curve in which one decrement in stimulation accounted for ≥70% of the maximum change observed. Day-to-day variability was assessed using the CDS data from the three different days.Results: In the dose-response curves, two subjects exhibited a threshold-like response, four exhibited a graded change, and two did not exhibit substantial changes. For some subjects, variability in CDS performance across the three days exceeded the change observed when reducing amplitude to the MOD setting. Comparisons across this set of eight subjects demonstrated that the mean UPDRS-III and all but one subscore significantly increased (performance degraded when amplitude was reduced from CDS to the LOW and OFF conditions, but there were no significant

  4. Pain management in patients with Parkinson's disease: challenges and solutions

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    Skogar O

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Orjan Skogar,1,2 Johan Lokk2 1Academy for Health and Care (FUTURUM, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, 2Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden Abstract: This review focuses on the diagnosis and management of Parkinson-related pain which is one of the more frequently reported nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease (PD, which is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer’s disease. Pain is ranked high by patients as a troublesome symptom in all stages of the disease. In early-stage PD, pain is rated as the most bothersome symptom. Knowledge of the correct diagnosis of pain origin and possible methods of treatments for pain relief in PD is of great importance. The symptoms have a great negative impact on health-related quality of life. Separating PD-related pain from pain of other origins is an important challenge and can be characterized as “many syndromes under the same umbrella”. Among the different forms of PD-related pain, musculoskeletal pain is the most common form, accounting for 40%–90% of reported pain in PD patients. Augmentation by pathophysiological pathways other than those secondary to rigidity, tremor, or any of the other motor manifestations of the disease seems most probable. In PD, the basal ganglia process somatosensory information differently, and increased subjective pain sensitivity with lower electrical and heat-pain thresholds has been reported in PD patients. The mechanism is assumed to be diminished activity of the descending inhibitory control system of the basal ganglia. PD pain, like many of the nonmotor symptoms, remains underdiagnosed and, thus, poorly managed. A systematic collection of patient descriptions of type, quality, and duration of pain is, therefore, of utmost importance. Recent studies have validated new and more specific and dedicated pain scales for PD-related symptoms. Symptomatic treatments based

  5. Sleep, eating disorder symptoms, and daytime functioning

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    Tromp MD

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Marilou DP Tromp,1 Anouk AMT Donners,1 Johan Garssen,1,2 Joris C Verster1,31Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 2Nutricia Research, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 3Center for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University, Melbourne, VIC, AustraliaObjective: To investigate the relationship between eating disorders, body mass index (BMI, sleep disorders, and daytime functioning.Design: Survey.Setting: The Netherlands.Participants: N=574 Dutch young adults (18–35 years old.Measurements: Participants completed a survey on eating and sleep habits including the Eating Disorder Screen for Primary care (ESP and SLEEP-50 questionnaire subscales for sleep apnea, insomnia, circadian rhythm disorder (CRD, and daytime functioning. SLEEP-50 outcomes of participants who screened negative (≤2 and positive (>2 on the ESP were compared. In addition, SLEEP-50 scores of groups of participants with different ESP scores (0–4 and different BMI groups (ie, underweight, healthy weight, overweight, and obese were compared using nonparametric statistics.Results: Almost 12% (n=67 of participants screened positive for having an eating disorder. Relative to participants without eating disorders, participants who screened positive for eating disorders reported significantly higher scores on sleep apnea (3.7 versus 2.9, P=0.012, insomnia (7.7 versus 5.5, P<0.0001, CRD (2.9 versus 2.3, P=0.011, and impairment of daytime functioning (8.8 versus 5.8, P=0.0001. ESP scores were associated with insomnia (r=0.117, P=0.005, sleep apnea (r=0.118, P=0.004, sleep quality (r=−0.104, P=0.012, and daytime functioning (r=0.225, P<0.0001, but not with CRD (r=0.066, P=0.112. BMI correlated significantly with ESP scores (r=0.172, P<0.0001 and scores on sleep apnea (r=0.171, P<0.0001. When controlling for BMI, the partial correlation between ESP and sleep apnea remained significant (r=0.10, P=0.015.Conclusion

  6. Development of a Virtual Reality Exposure Tool as Psychological Preparation for Elective Pediatric Day Care Surgery: Methodological Approach for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eijlers, Robin; Legerstee, Jeroen S; Dierckx, Bram; Staals, Lonneke M; Berghmans, Johan; van der Schroeff, Marc P; Wijnen, Rene Mh; Utens, Elisabeth Mwj

    2017-09-11

    children and their parents, in line with the modern emphasis on patient- and family-centered care. Netherlands Trial Registry: NTR6116; http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=6116 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6ryke7aep). ©Robin Eijlers, Jeroen S Legerstee, Bram Dierckx, Lonneke M Staals, Johan Berghmans, Marc P van der Schroeff, Rene MH Wijnen, Elisabeth MWJ Utens. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 11.09.2017.

  7. The acceptability of nanocarriers for drug delivery in different contexts of use: perceptions of researchers and research trainees in the field of new technologies

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    Chenel V

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Vanessa Chenel,1–4 Patrick Boissy,1–3 Marie-Sol Poirier,1–3 Jean-Pierre Cloarec,3,4 Johane Patenaude1–3 1Interdisciplinary Institute for Technological Innovation (3IT, 2Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada; 3Laboratoire Nanotechnologies et Nanosystèmes (LN2, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS, Université de Sherbrooke, Canada; 4Université de Lyon, Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon (INL, site École Centrale de Lyon, France Background: Despite marked optimism in the field of nanomedicine about the use of drug-delivery nanocarriers, uncertainties exist concerning nanocarriers’ possible unintended impacts and effects. These uncertainties could affect user acceptance and acceptability. “Acceptance” refers to the intention to put a technology or a device to a specified use. “Acceptability” refers to a value judgment that accounts for acceptance. The objectives of this study were to characterize impact perception, acceptance, and acceptability in relation to drug-delivery nanocarriers in different contexts of use, and to explore relationships among these concepts.Methods: A sample of European and Canadian researchers and graduate research trainees active in the field of new technologies was recruited by targeted email invitation for participation in a web-based questionnaire study. The questionnaire presented scenarios for two contexts of use (lung cancer, seasonal flu of drug-delivery nanocarriers with two compositions (carbon, synthetic DNA. Respondents’ impact perception, acceptance, and acceptability judgment in relation to each kind of nanocarrier in each context of use were measured with Likert scale questions and scored using categorical values.Results: Two hundred and fourteen researchers and graduate research trainees completed the questionnaire. The results showed that nanocarrier composition influenced impact perception

  8. Gender differences in the T-cell profiles of the airways in COPD patients associated with clinical phenotypes

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    Forsslund H

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Helena Forsslund,1 Mingxing Yang,1 Mikael Mikko,1 Reza Karimi,1 Sven Nyrén,2 Benita Engvall,1 Johan Grunewald,1 Heta Merikallio,1,3 Riitta Kaarteenaho,3–5 Jan Wahlström,1 Åsa M Wheelock,1 C Magnus Sköld1 1Department of Medicine Solna and Centre for Molecular Medicine, Respiratory Medicine Unit, 2Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Respiratory Research Unit and Medical Research Center Oulu, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland; 4Unit of Medicine and Clinical Research, Pulmonary Division, University of Eastern Finland, 5Center for Medicine and Clinical Research, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland Abstract: T lymphocytes are believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. How T cells are recruited to the lungs and contribute to the inflammatory process is largely unknown. COPD is a heterogeneous disease, and discriminating disease phenotypes based on distinct molecular and cellular pathways may provide new approaches for individualized diagnosis and therapies. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL and blood samples were obtained from 40 never-smokers, 40 smokers with normal lung function, and 38 COPD patients. T-cell chemokine receptor expression was analyzed with flow cytometry, and soluble BAL cytokines and chemokines were measured using a cytokine multiplex assay. Correlations with gender and clinical characteristics including lung imaging were investigated using multivariate modeling. Th1/Tc1- and Th2/Tc2-associated soluble analytes and T-cell chemokine receptors were analyzed as cumulative Th1/Tc1 and Th2/Tc2 immune responses. A higher expression of chemokine receptor CCR5 on CD8+ T cells in BAL and higher percentage of CXCR3+CD8+ T cells in blood was found in female smokers with COPD compared to those without COPD. CCR5 expression

  9. Early Sámi visual artists - Western fine art meets Sámi culture

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    Tuija Hautala-Hirvioja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Johan Turi (1854–1936, Nils Nilsson Skum (1872–1951 and John Savio (1902–1938 were among the first Sámi visual artists. The production of their art work occurred between the 1910s and the early 1950s. Sámi aesthetics had its basis in folklore, i.e., handicraft or duodji, which did not follow the principle of art for art’s sake but combined beauty and practicality. Art was part of community life. Not until the 1970s was the word daidda, which is Finnish in origin and which means “art”, adopted into the Sámi language. Turi and Skum became famous through their books. They drew and wrote in order to pass the traditional knowledge of their people on to succeeding generations. They also wanted to introduce Sámi life and culture to non-Sámi people. One typical feature of their work is that they depicted Sáminess in a realistic way and sought to strengthen and preserve the Sámi identity through their art. In Turi and Skum’s work, both the documentation of community life and their own personal expression were strongly present and equally important; for this reason their pictures and texts have both practical and aesthetic dimensions. They did not attend school and were self-taught artists. The third pioneer of Sámi visual arts was John Savio, who, unlike the other two, attended secondary school and studied visual arts both independently and under the guidance of a mentor. He expressively combined Western ways of depiction with Sámi subjects. My article examines what made these early Sámi artists change over from Sámi handicraft, duodji, to Western visual arts, how they used Western pictorial conventions in dealing with their Sámi subjects, and the significance of their art for Sámi identity and culture. They lived and worked under cross pressure: the first few decades of the 20th century were characterized by racial theories that denigrated Sámi people, and the period following World War II was marked by demands for

  10. Willingness to pay for a new drug delivery in Parkinson patients

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    Lökk J

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Johan Lökk,1,2 Sara Olofsson,3 Ulf Persson3 1Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Geriatric Department, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; 3The Swedish Institute for Health Economics, Institute for Health Economics (IHE, Lund, Sweden Objective: The Swedish reimbursement system operates a system where prices are set based on the expected value to the consumer. This value can be measured using willingness to pay (WTP. Aim: To assess Parkinson's disease (PD patients' WTP for newly developed microtablets of levodopa in combination with a drug-delivering electronic device (M/E compared to standard treatment with levodopa in combination with the COMT (catechol-O-methyl transferase-inhibitor entacapone (L/e. Method: A total of 2,000 randomly included PD patients had a postal questionnaire covering demographics, disease-specific issues, views on medication and WTP in different hypothetical scenarios. The first scenario was M/E with no change in effects or side effects; the second scenario was M/E with same effect and less side effects; and the third scenario was M/E with improved effect and less side effects. These scenarios were coupled to different costs to choose from. Results: A total of 999 patients (50% responded, mean age of 71 years and a mean PD duration of 9 years. Of all respondents, 50% preferred M/E before L/e in scenario one with increasing preference to scenario three. The average monthly WTP among all respondents in scenario one was SEK 230 and SEK 226 in L/e, both with an almost longitudinal doubling up to scenario three. Duration of PD-related symptoms, high education, and high medication intake implied a higher WTP in all scenarios in contrast to age, sex, and extra doses of levodopa. Conclusion: WTP for M/E increased gradually with high medication intake and education as well as with expected increased reduction of PD symptoms. Keywords: Parkinson's disease

  11. ELEVATE: an innovative study design to assess the efficacy, safety, and evolution of cardiovascular parameters in de novo kidney transplant recipients after early conversion from a calcineurin inhibitor to everolimus

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    van der Giet M

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Markus van der Giet,1 Josep M Cruzado,2 Johan W de Fijter,3 Hallvard Holdaas,4 Zailong Wang,5 Antonio Speziale,6 Guido Junge61Department of Nephrology, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charite'-Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany; 2Department of Nephrology, University Hospital of Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; 3Department of Nephrology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; 4Section of Nephrology, Department of Transplant Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway; 5Biometrics and Statistical Science, Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ, USA; 6Research and Development, Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, SwitzerlandAbstract: Progressive decline in allograft function and cardiovascular mortality after kidney transplantation remain major clinical challenges that can potentially be addressed by the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR inhibitors, everolimus and sirolimus. mTOR inhibitors maintain immunosuppressive efficacy after minimization of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI therapy and can achieve significant long-term improvements in renal function. Recently, data have accumulated that suggest mTOR inhibitors may offer cardioprotective effects. In animal models, inhibition of mTOR leads to regression of cardiac hypertrophy, and the limited data consistently point to a remodeling benefit following heart transplantation. Experimentally, mTOR inhibitors restrict atherogenesis, confirmed clinically by intravascular ultrasound data demonstrating lower rates of transplant vasculopathy in heart transplant recipients on everolimus. Lastly, mTOR inhibitors appear to ameliorate arterial stiffness, a known risk factor for post-transplant cardiovascular events, but data remain sparse. The ELEVATE study will examine the renal effect of early conversion from CNI therapy to everolimus after kidney transplantation. Key secondary endpoints include the change in left ventricular mass index, the first time

  12. Den Bajazzo ernst nehmen? (Do we need to take the Bajazzo serious?

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    Ursula OLLENDORF

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The large numbers of refugees that are currently fleeing from Syria and other war zones don’t have much of a choice. Regardless, if it was a spontaneous decision out of fear for their lives in Syria or if they are on the run for many years already, the culture and language of the country of their destination is unknown to them. On the other hand, the huge amount of refugees is an enormous, not only organizational burden for the Federal Republic of Germany. One of the foremost tasks is to teach the German language to these human beings in order to enable them to express their needs, as requested by the European reference frame for languages, but also to help them to understand their new cultural environment. Using a case study this article examines whether role-plays are suited to support individuals who are often traumatized by war in finding a new identity while learning the new language. Although the role-play used here as an example was created under less severe circumstances, the experiences gained in southern Italy are serving as a basis for discussion using dialectal elements from the native language of the learner and a playful approach to the old and the new society. The scope of this work is limited to examining the role-play with respect to elements of Comedia dell’Arte and to assess its usefulness for language didactics by using Johan Huizinga’s findings on the importance of the play in its culture-creating function. Thomas Mann’s character in the story „Der Bajazzo” with its self-irony and with Pagliaccios typical nimbleness creates the link that makes it easier for individuals from other cultures – in the case of southern Italian protagonists often seemingly illogical and absurd re-actions – to better understand the rather rational German mentality, and at the same time allows them to embrace these foreign elements which can be seen as an important quality.

  13. Moçambique Para Todos (? Mozambique and Political Violence The Opinions of the Opposition Youth

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    Michele Portatadino

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper draws inspiration from a case of political violence in Mozambique to present the results of a six-month fieldwork research in the Mozambican capital city Maputo. The research targets were the members of the youth leagues affiliated to the two main opposition parties, Renamo and MDM. Specifically, the author investigated the motivations of these youths to participate in the political opposition despite the peril of political violence. Following an essential résumé of the histories of the assessed youth leagues, the author provides the drivers behind his decision to analyze such topics. Through the different types of violence as defined by Johan Galtung, the author argues that the present case study might be a degeneration of cultural political violence, embedded in the history of Mozambique since the years of its independence. In the present day, such violence has been threatening more and more directly an already fragile democracy. Moreover, since the present case study revolves around opinions of youths, the assessed theoretical framework includes studies violence in general and a particularly intriguing assessment of the present condition of youths in Mozambique and, even more specifically, in its capital city, Maputo. Successively, the author summarizes the emerging of structural political violence in post-independence Mozambique. As it concerns the main corpus of the research, the author used a qualitative methodology that combines a historical and ethnographic approach. The findings reveal that the interviewed members of the considered youth leagues have an idea of political violence, which goes beyond the mere politics. Further, they demonstrated a quite straightforward consideration on the reasons why a lingering political violence is still present in Mozambique. Further, the interviewees also expressed their own point of view on the consequences of such political violence on themselves and on Mozambican youth in general

  14. Healthy lifestyle behavior and risk of long duration troublesome neck pain or low back pain among men and women: results from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skillgate E

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Eva Skillgate,1,2 Oscar Javier Pico-Espinosa,1 Johan Hallqvist,3 Tony Bohman,1 Lena W Holm4 1Unit of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Musculoskeletal and Sports Injury Epidemiology Center, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 2Naprapathögskolan - Scandinavian College of Naprapathic Manual Medicine, Stockholm, 3Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, 4Unit of Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Background: The role of healthy lifestyle behavior (HLB in terms of physical activity, alcohol intake, smoking, and diet put together has not yet been explored for the risk of low back pain (LBP and neck pain (NP. Our aim was to study if an HLB is protective against the onset of long duration troublesome LBP and NP in men and women. Methods: Two cohorts from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort, free from LBP (n=12,483 and NP (n=10,539, respectively, in 2006, were surveyed with questionnaires. Baseline information about physical activity, alcohol intake, diet, and smoking were dichotomized into being healthy/not healthy and combined in a categorical variable according to the number of healthy behaviors present. Binomial regression analyses were used to evaluate the role of HLB for the outcomes 4 years later.Results: When men with three or four healthy lifestyles were compared to men with none or one, the risk ratio (RR of LBP was 0.63 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.39–1.02. The corresponding RR for LBP in women was 0.86 (95% CI: 0.56–1.32. When men with three or four healthy lifestyles were compared to men with none or one, the RR for NP was 1.13 (95% CI: 0.74–1.71. The corresponding RR for NP in women was 0.52 (95% CI: 0.35–0.77. Conclusion: An HLB seems to be protective for long duration troublesome LBP in men, and for long duration troublesome NP in women. Keywords: neck pain, low back pain, lifestyle, physical activity, smoking

  15. MO-F-CAMPUS-J-04: Radiation Heat Load On the MR System of the Elekta Atlantic System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Towe, S; Roberts, D [Elekta Limited, Crawley, West Sussex (United Kingdom); Overweg, J [Philips Innovative Technologies, Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany); Van Lanen, E [Philips Healthcare, Latham, NY (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: The Elekta Atlantic system combines a digital linear accelerator system with a 1.5T Philips MRI machine.This study aimed to assess the energy deposited within the cryostat system when the radiation beam passes through the cryostat. The cryocooler on the magnet has a cooling capacity which is about 1 Watt in excess of the cryogenic heat leak into the magnet’s cold mass. A pressure-controlled heater inside the magnet balances the excess refrigeration power such that the helium pressure in the tank is kept slightly above ambient air pressure. If radiation power is deposited in the cold mass then this heater will need less power to maintain pressure equilibrium and if the radiation heat load exceeds the excess cryocooler capacity the pressure will rise. Methods: An in-house CAD based Monte Carlo code based on Penelope was used to model the entire MR-Linac system to quantify the heat load on the magnet’s cold mass. These results were then compared to experimental results obtained from an Elekta Atlantic system installed in UMC-Utrecht. Results: For a field size of 25 cm x 22 cm and a dose rate of 107 mu.min-1, the energy deposited by the radiation beam led to a reduction in heater power from 1.16 to 0.73 W. Simulations predicted a reduction to 0.69 W which is in good agreement. For the worst case field size (largest) and maximum dose rate the cryostat cooler capacity was exceeded. This resulted in a pressure rise within the system but was such that continuous irradiation for over 12 hours would be required before the magnet would start blowing off helium. Conclusion: The study concluded that the Atlantic system does not have to be duty cycle restricted, even for the worst case non-clinical scenario and that there are no adverse effects on the MR system. Stephen Towe and David Roberts Both work for Elekta; Ezra Van Lanen works for Philips Healthcare; Johan Overweg works for Philips Innovative Technologies.

  16. The GAy MEn Sex StudieS erectile dysfunction among Belgian gay men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vansintejan J

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Johan Vansintejan, Jan Vandevoorde, Dirk Devroey Department of Family Medicine, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB, Brussels, Belgium Aim: To determine the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED in a sample of the Belgian men who have sex with men (MSM population, and to assess the relevance of major predictors such as age, relationship, and education. We investigated the use of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5 inhibitors among Belgian MSM. Methods: An internet-based survey on sexual behavior and sexual dysfunctions, called GAy MEn Sex StudieS (GAMESSS, was administered to MSM, aged 18 years or older, between the months of April and December 2008. The questionnaire used was a compilation of the Kinsey's Heterosexual–Homosexual Rating Scale, Erection Quality Scale (EQS, and the shortened version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5. Results: Of the 1752 participants, 45% indicated having some problems getting an erection. In this group of MSM, 71% reported mild ED; 22% mild to moderate ED; 6% moderate ED; and 2% severe ED. Independent predictors for the presence of ED were: age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.04, P < 0.0001, having a steady relationship (OR = 0.59, P < 0.0001, frequency of sex with their partner (OR = 1.22, P < 0.0001, versatile sex role (OR = 1.58, P = 0.016, passive sex role (OR = 3.12, P < 0.0001, problems with libido (OR = 1.15, P = 0.011, ejaculation problems (OR = 1.33, P < 0.0001, and anodyspareunia (OR = 0.87, P < 0.0001. Ten percent of the Belgian MSM used a PDE5 inhibitor (age 43 ± 11 years; mean ± standard deviation and 83% of them were satisfied with the effects. "Street drugs" were used by 43% of MSM to improve ED. Conclusion: Forty-five percent of participating Belgian MSM reported some degree of ED and 10% used a PDE5 inhibitor to improve erections. Older MSM reported more ED. MSM, who were in a steady relationship or frequently had sex with a partner, reported less ED. MSM with ejaculation problems

  17. Clinical pharmacokinetics of AZD3199, an inhaled ultra-long-acting β2-adrenoreceptor agonist (uLABA

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    Bjermer L

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Leif Bjermer,1 Piotr Kuna,2 Carin Jorup,3 Thomas Bengtsson,4 Johan Rosenborg4 1Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden; 2Department of Internal Medicine, Asthma and Allergy, Barlicki University Hospital, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland; 3AstraZeneca R&D, Mölndal, Sweden; 4StatMind, Lund, Sweden Objective: The clinical pharmacokinetics of AZD3199, an ultra-long-acting β2-agonist, were investigated in healthy volunteers and patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. Materials and methods: Five studies are presented: one single ascending dose study in healthy Caucasian males; two multiple ascending dose studies in healthy males, one in Caucasians and one in Japanese; a Phase IIA asthma study; and a Phase IIB COPD study. Subjects received AZD3199 via a Spira nebulizer (Turbuhaler; equivalent delivered doses 5–3200 µg or Turbuhaler (single delivered doses of 120–1920 µg or repeated delivered once-daily doses 240–1,680 µg. AZD3199 pharmacokinetics were assessed using total plasma concentration and urinary excretion, and tolerability using adverse events, clinical laboratory tests, and physical examinations. Results: AZD3199 appeared rapidly in the systemic circulation following single and multiple dosing in healthy volunteers and patients (maximum plasma concentration within 30 minutes, with dose-proportional time-independent pharmacokinetics. Plasma exposure to unmetabolized drug was similar in healthy volunteers and patients with asthma, but relatively lower in patients with COPD. Estimated terminal half-life was up to 142 hours in healthy Caucasian males. AZD3199 was well tolerated and showed no or at most mild systemic effects. Conclusion: AZD3199 plasma exposure in healthy volunteers and patients suggested linear pharmacokinetics and a long half-life. Systemic availability was similar in healthy subjects and patients with asthma, but was lower in patients

  18. Positive predictive value of the diagnosis coding for vitamin B12 deficiency anemia in the Danish National Patient Register

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    Ben Ghezala I

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Inès Ben Ghezala, Johan Frederik Berg Arendt, Rune Erichsen, Jihen Zalfani, Henrik Gammelager, Trine Frøslev, Morten OlsenDepartment of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, DenmarkPurpose: The aim of this validation study was to assess the positive predictive value (PPV of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10 diagnosis of vitamin B12 (cobalamin [Cbl] deficiency anemia in the Danish National Patient Register (DNPR.Patients and methods: We identified all patients above 18 years of age recorded in the DNPR with a diagnosis of Cbl deficiency anemia (ICD-10 code: D51 admitted to two Danish university hospitals and one Danish regional hospital from 2000 through 2009. We assessed the PPV using biochemical parameters on Cbl deficiency with or without anemia as reference standards. These data were obtained from the Laboratory Information Systems Database. Data on prescriptions with Cbl supplementation drugs were obtained from the Aarhus University Prescription Database.Results: We identified 1089 patients coded with a Cbl deficiency anemia diagnosis in the DNPR. The PPV was 31.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 28.8%–34.3% and 36.8% (95% CI: 34.0%–39.7% depending on definitions of Cbl deficiency with anemia. When using Cbl deficiency without anemia as a reference standard, the PPV was 51.3% (95% CI: 48.4%–54.3%. The PPV for Cbl supplemented patients was 22.2% (95% CI: 18.0%–26.9% and for non-Cbl supplemented patients 63.9% (95% CI: 60.5%–67.3%.Conclusion: The PPVs of the ICD-10 diagnosis coding for Cbl deficiency anemia were generally low in the DNPR. Therefore, this register should be used with caution to study patients with Cbl deficiency anemia.Keywords: vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, Danish National Patient Register, Laboratory Information Systems Database, International Classification of Diseases, positive predictive value, validation study

  19. G. J. Billberg's (1833) 'On the ichthyology, and description of some new fish species of the pipefish genus Syngnathus'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kullander, Sven O

    2016-01-14

    Gustaf Johan Billberg's review of ichthyology, published in Swedish in 1833 in the Linnéska samfundets handlingar, mentions 92 fish taxa at genus and species level, 41 of which represent new taxa, unnecessary replacement names, or unjustified emendations. Billberg presents his own classification of fishes, in which five new family names are introduced: Ballistidae, Diodontidae, Ooididae, Chironectidae, and Macrorhyncidae. Diodontidae has priority over Diodontidae Bonaparte, 1835. Macrorhyncidae was published earlier than Gempylidae Gill, 1862, but the latter has priority by prevailing usage.        Billberg mentions 61 genera of fishes, 41 of them listed only by name. Six generic names proposed by Billberg are available as unjustified emendations: Myxinus, Petromyzus, Scylia, Mustellus, Zyganna, and Ballistes. Brachionus is an unnecessary replacement name. Aphrus, Capriscus, Exormizus, Enneophthalmus, and Oedaus are nomina nuda. Eight new genera of fishes are proposed: Anodon, Posthias, Orbis, Sphaeroides, and Ooides are junior synonyms; Cotilla is a nomen oblitum in relation to Sufflamen Jordan, 1916; Tropigaster a nomen oblitum in relation to Aracana Gray, 1835; and Tetragonizus a nomen oblitum in relation to Lactoria Jordan & Fowler, 1902.        Billberg lists 31 species of fishes. Three represent new combinations; two are nomina nuda. The following 14 new species are described based on literature: Raja forskohlii, Cephaloptera dumerillii, Myliobatis lacepedei, Scylia russelii, Anodon macropterus, Cotilla frenata, Monacanthus blochii, M. sebae, M. cuvieri, M. marcgravii, Tetraodon striatus, Orbis psittacinus, Orbis punctulatus, and Orbis guttatus. All of those are invalid, except Scylia russelii, which is a species inquirenda. The following nine species group names are unnecessary replacement names and consequently invalid: Raja arabica, Myliobatis rissoi, Scylia isabellina, Anodon cirrhosus, Anodon cornutus, Zyganna voracissima, Centrina

  20. Dietary resilience in patients with severe COPD at the start of a pulmonary rehabilitation program

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    ter Beek L

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Lies ter Beek,1–3 Hester van der Vaart,2 Johan B Wempe,2 Aliaksandra O Dzialendzik,4 Jan LN Roodenburg,3 Cees P van der Schans,1,5,6 Heather H Keller,7,8 Harriët Jager-Wittenaar1,3 1Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Research Group Healthy Ageing, Allied Health Care and Nursing, Groningen, the Netherlands; 2University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Tuberculosis, Center for Rehabilitation, Groningen, the Netherlands; 3University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Groningen, the Netherlands; 4Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Department of Applied Psychology, Groningen, the Netherlands; 5University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Groningen, the Netherlands; 6University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Health Psychology Research, Groningen, the Netherlands; 7University of Waterloo, Schlegel Research Institute for Aging, Waterloo, ON, Canada; 8University of Waterloo, Department of Kinesiology, Waterloo, ON, Canada Background: COPD may impact food-related activities, such as grocery shopping, cooking, and eating. Decreased food intake may result in an unhealthy diet, and in malnutrition, which is highly prevalent in patients with COPD. Malnutrition is known to negatively impact clinical outcome and quality of life. Aims: In this qualitative study, we aimed to explore strategies used to overcome food-related challenges, ie, dietary resilience, and whether these led to a healthy diet. Furthermore, we aimed to identify the key themes of motivation for dietary resilience in patients with severe COPD. Methods: In October 2015 to April 2016, 12 patients with severe COPD starting a pulmonary rehabilitation program were interviewed. Qualitative description and thematic analysis were performed. Results: All participants mentioned the use of strategies to overcome

  1. Acupuncture in ambulatory anesthesia: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norheim AJ

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Arne Johan Norheim,1 Ingrid Liodden,1 Terje Alræk1,2 1National Research Center in Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NAFKAM, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, 2The Norwegian School of Health Sciences, Institute of Acupuncture, Kristiania University College, Oslo, NorwayBackground: Post-anesthetic morbidities remain challenging in our daily practice of anesthesia. Meta-analyses and reviews of acupuncture and related techniques for postoperative nausea and vomiting (POVN and postoperative vomiting (POV show promising results while many clinicians remain skeptical of the value of acupuncture. Given the interest in finding safe non-pharmacological approaches toward postoperative care, this body of knowledge needs to be considered. This review critically appraises and summarizes the research on acupuncture and acupressure in ambulatory anesthesia during the last 15 years.Methods: Articles were identified through searches of Medline, PubMed, and Embase using the search terms “acupuncture” or “acupuncture therapy” in combination with “ambulatory anesthesia” or “ambulatory surgery” or “day surgery” or “postoperative”. A corresponding search was done using “acupressure” and “wristbands”. The searches generated a total of 104, 118, and 122 references, respectively.Results: Sixteen studies were included; eight studies reported on acupuncture and eight on acupressure. Nine studies found acupuncture or acupressure effective on primary endpoints including postoperative nausea and vomiting, postoperative pain, sore throat, and emergence agitation. Four studies found acupuncture had a similar effect to antiemetic medication.Conclusion: Overall, the studies were of fairly good quality. A large proportion of the reviewed papers highlights an effect of acupuncture or acupressure on postoperative morbidities in an ambulatory setting

  2. Improving patient safety in cardiothoracic surgery: an audit of surgical handover in a tertiary center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer NJ

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Natasha Johan Bauer Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK Background: Novel research has revealed that the relative risk of death increased by 10% and 15% for admissions on a Saturday and Sunday, respectively. With an imminent threat of 7-day services in the National Health Service, including weekend operating lists, handover plays a pivotal role in ensuring patient safety is paramount. This audit evaluated the quality, efficiency, and safety of surgical handover of pre- and postoperative cardiothoracic patients in a tertiary center against guidance on Safe Handover published by the Royal College of Surgeons of ­England and the British Medical Association. Methods: A 16-item questionnaire prospectively audited the nature, time and duration of handover, patient details, operative history and current clinical status, interruptions during handover, and difficulties cross-covering specialties over a month. Results: Just over half (52% of the time, no handover took place. The majority of handovers (64% occurred over the phone; two-thirds of these were uninterrupted. All handovers were less than 10 minutes in duration. About half of the time, the senior house officer had previously met the registrar involved in the handover, but the overwhelming majority felt it would facilitate the handover process if they had prior contact. Patient details handed over 100% of the time included name, ward, and current clinical diagnosis. A third of the time, the patient’s age, responsible consultant, and recent operations or procedures were not handed over, potentially compromising future management due to delays and lack of relevant information. Perhaps the most revealing result was that the overall safety of handover was perceived to be five out of ten, with ten being very safe with no aspects felt to impact negatively on optimal patient care. Conclusion: These findings were presented to the department, and a handover proforma

  3. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Nagata

    1986-04-01

    : Stichting Internationaal Instituut voor sociale geschiedenis, 1985, xxviii + 210 pp., Margreet Schrevel (eds. - Jan van der Putten, Slamet Modiwirjo, Panglipur Ati (ed. Johan Sarmo & Hein Vruggink, Uitgegeven door de afdeling cultuurstudies van het Ministerie van Volksmobilisatie en cultuur (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Saleman Siswowitono, Dongèng Kancil; Het verhaal van kantjil (ed. J.J. Sarmo & H.D. Vruggink, Een uitgave van de afdeling cultuur studies van het Ministerie van cultuur, Jeugd en Sport (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Pamin Asmawidjaja, Djoko miskin; De arme jongeling (ed. J.J. Sarmo & H.D. Vruggink, Een uitgave van de afdeling cultuur studies van het Ministerie van cultuur, jeugd en sport (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Johan J. Sarmo, Cikal; Kalawarti Jawa-Suriname, Wonny Karijopawiro (redactie, Nummers 1 tot en met 4 (1: 1982; 2: mei 1983; 3: oktober 1983; 4: maart 1984., Sari Kasanpawiro, Hein Vruggink (eds. - S.C. van Randwijck, Th. van den End, De Gereformeerde Zendingsbond (1901-1961 Nederland-Tanah Toraja, een bronnenpublicatie, bewerkt door Dr. Th. van den End, 782 pp., 1985. - R. Roolvink, Judith Nagata, The reflowering of Malaysian Islam - Modern religious radicals and their roots, University of Columbia Press, Vancouver, 1984, xxv + 267 pp., 2 appendixes, index. - Roger Tol, Soenjono Dardjowidjojo, Vocabulary building in Indonesian: an advanced reader. Ohio University, Monographs in international studies, Southeast Asia series No. 64, 1984. XVII, 647 pp. - R.S. Wassing, Annegret Haake, Javanische Batik. Methode, Symbolik, Geschichte (Javanese Batik. Method, symbolism, history, Hannover: Verlag M. + H. Schaper (Textilkunst-Fach-schrifte, 1984. Bound, 128 pp., 24 colour ills., black and white ills., drawings. - R.S. Wassing, Inger McCabe Elliott, Batik. Fabled cloth of Java, New York: Clarkson N. Potter Inc., 1984. Bound, 240 pp., 128 colour ills., black and white ills., drawings. - R.S. Wassing, Alit Veldhuisen

  4. EDITORIAL: Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2012 Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherry, Simon; Ruffle, Jon

    2013-08-01

    The publishers of Physics in Medicine and Biology (PMB), IOP Publishing, in association with the journal owners, the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM), jointly award the Roberts prize for the best paper published in PMB during the previous year. The procedure for deciding the winner is a two-stage process. First, a shortlist of contenders is drawn up based on those papers that had the best referees' quality assessments, with a further quality check and endorsement by the Editorial Board. The papers on the shortlist are then reviewed by a specially convened IPEM committee consisting of members with fellow status. This committee reads the shortlisted papers and selects the winner. We have much pleasure in advising readers that the Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2012 is awarded to Michel Defrise, Ahmadreza Rezaei and Johan Nuyts from the Vrije Universiteit Brussels and the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium for their breakthrough paper that describes how the information needed for attenuation correction in PET imaging can be extracted, to within a constant, from time-of-flight emission data: Time-of-flight PET data determine the attenuation sinogram up to a constant 2012 Phys. Med. Biol. 57 885 Michel Defrise1, Ahmadreza Rezaei2 and Johan Nuyts2 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, B-1090 Brussels, Belgium 2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium This paper represents an important and timely contribution to the literature as time-of-flight PET scanners are now offered by several manufacturers. In hybrid PET/CT scanners, the PET attenuation correction, necessary for quantitative reconstruction of the tracer distribution, can be derived directly from the CT data. Sometimes, however, the PET and CT scans may be poorly aligned due to patient motion and other approaches are needed. In addition, hybrid PET/MRI scanners also, have been developed recently, and in

  5. The Dark Side of Nature: the Crime was Almost Perfect

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    , watching and waiting as if for a jack-in-the-box to spring open. The MISTICI collaboration used ESO's Very Large Telescope to follow the burst for 50 days. "Despite our deep monitoring, no rebrightening due to a supernova was seen," said Gianpiero Tagliaferri from the Observatory of Brera, Italy and member of the team. "If a supernova is present, if should at least be 100 times fainter than any other supernova usually associated with a long burst." The burst exploded in a dwarf galaxy that shows moderate signs of star formation. Thus young, massive stars are present and, at the end of its life one of them could have uttered this long, agonising cry before vanishing into a black hole. "Why did it do so in a dark way, with no sign of a supernova?" asked Guido Chincarini, from the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy, also member of the team. "A possibility is that a massive black hole formed that did not allow any matter to escape. All the material that is usually ejected in a supernova explosion would then fall back and be swallowed." ESO PR Photo 49c/06 ESO PR Photo 49b/06 GRB 060505 (FORS/VLT) The same conclusion was previously reached by another team, who monitored both GRB 060614 and another burst, GRB 060505 (5 May 2006) for 5 and 12 weeks, respectively. For this, they used the ESO VLT and the 1.54-m Danish telescope at La Silla. GRB 060505 was a faint burst with a duration of 4 seconds, and as such also belongs to the category of long bursts [1]. For GRB 060505, the astronomers could only see the burst in visible light for one night and then it faded away, while for GRB 060614, they could only follow it for four nights after the burst. Thus, if supernovae were associated with these long-bursts, as one would have expected, they must have been about a hundred times fainter than a normal supernova. "Although both bursts are long, the remarkable conclusion from our monitoring is that there were no supernovae associated with them," said Johan Fynbo from the DARK Cosmology

  6. A Mobile Device App to Reduce Medication Errors and Time to Drug Delivery During Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Study Protocol of a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebert, Johan N; Ehrler, Frederic; Lovis, Christian; Combescure, Christophe; Haddad, Kevin; Gervaix, Alain; Manzano, Sergio

    2017-08-22

    prescription by the physician to drug delivery by the nurse in each allocation group. TDD includes TDP. Stress level during the resuscitation scenario will be assessed for each participant by questionnaire and recorded by the heart rate monitor of a fitness watch. The study is formatted according to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials Statement for Randomized Controlled Trials of Electronic and Mobile Health Applications and Online TeleHealth (CONSORT-EHEALTH) and the Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research. Enrollment and data analysis started in March 2017. We anticipate the intervention will be completed in late 2017, and study results will be submitted in early 2018 for publication expected in mid-2018. Results will be reported in line with recommendations from CONSORT-EHEALTH and the Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research . This paper describes the protocol used for a clinical trial assessing the impact of a mobile device app to reduce the rate of medication errors, time to drug preparation, and time to drug delivery during pediatric resuscitation. As research in this area is scarce, results generated from this study will be of great importance and might be sufficient to change and improve the pediatric emergency care practice. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03021122; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03021122 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6nfVJ5b4R). ©Johan N Siebert, Frederic Ehrler, Christian Lovis, Christophe Combescure, Kevin Haddad, Alain Gervaix, Sergio Manzano. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 22.08.2017.

  7. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Aisha Khan; Callaloo Nation: Metaphors of Race and Religious Identity among South Asians in Trinidad (Kevin Birth Frances Henry; Reclaiming African Religions in Trinidad: The Socio-Political Legitimation of the Orisha and Spiritual Baptist Faiths (Alfrieta Parks Monagan Margarite Fernámdez Olmos, Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert; Creole Religions of the Caribbean: An Introduction from Vodou and Santería to Obeah and Espiritismo (Raquel Romberg Johan Wedel; Santería Healing: A Journey into the Afro-Cuban World of Divinities, Spirits, and Sorcery (Raquel Romberg Gerard Aching; Masking and Power: Carnival and Popular Culture in the Caribbean (Stephen Stuempfle James Pritchard; In Search of Empire: The French in the Americas, 1670-1730 (Brett H. Rusforth Gerhard Menzel; Der schwarze Traum vom Glück: Haiti seit 1804 (Michael Zeuske Marcus Rediker; Villains of all Nations: Atlantic Pirates in the Golden Age (Dian Murray Joseph E. Inikori; Africans and the Industrial Revolution in England: A Study in International Trade and Economic Development (Richard Drayton Fernando Picó; Puerto Rico 1898: The War after the War (Mariola Espinosa Luis Martínez-Fernández; Protestantism and Political Conflict in the Nineteenth-Century Hispanic Caribbean (Michael Zeuske Gabino La Rosa Corzo; Runaway Slave Settlements in Cuba: Resistance and Repression (Daniel O. Sayers Bonham C. Richardson; Igniting the Caribbean?s Past: Fire in British West Indian History (Kenneth H. Orvis Bridget Brereton (ed., Theresa Martínez-Vergne, Rnené A. Römer, Blanca G. Silvestrini (co.eds; General History of the Caribbean. Volume V: The Caribbean in the Twentieth Century (Gert Oostindie Perry Mars, Alma H. Young (eds; Caribbean Labor and Politics: Legacies of Cheddi Jagan and Michael Manley (O. Nigel Bolland Euclid A. Rose; Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean (Obika Gray Bill Schwarz (ed.; West Indian Intellectuals in

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynn Pan

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available - Matthew Amster, Jérôme Rousseau, Kayan religion; Ritual life and religious reform in Central Borneo. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1998, 352 pp. [VKI 180.] - Atsushi Ota, Johan Talens, Een feodale samenleving in koloniaal vaarwater; Staatsvorming, koloniale expansie en economische onderontwikkeling in Banten, West-Java, 1600-1750. Hilversum: Verloren, 1999, 253 pp. - Wanda Avé, Johannes Salilah, Traditional medicine among the Ngaju Dayak in Central Kalimantan; The 1935 writings of a former Ngaju Dayak Priest, edited and translated by A.H. Klokke. Phillips, Maine: Borneo Research Council, 1998, xxi + 314 pp. [Borneo Research Council Monograph 3.] - Peter Boomgaard, Sandra Pannell, Old world places, new world problems; Exploring issues of resource management in eastern Indonesia. Canberra: Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Australian National University, 1998, xiv + 387 pp., Franz von Benda-Beckmann (eds. - H.J.M. Claessen, Geoffrey M. White, Chiefs today; Traditional Pacific leadership and the postcolonial state. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1997, xiv + 343 pp., Lamont Lindstrom (eds. - H.J.M. Claessen, Judith Huntsman, Tokelau; A historical ethnography. Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1996, xii + 355 pp., Antony Hooper (eds. - Hans Gooszen, Gavin W. Jones, Indonesia assessment; Population and human resources. Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, 1997, 73 pp., Terence Hull (eds. - Rens Heringa, John Guy, Woven cargoes; Indian textiles in the East. London: Thames and Hudson, 1998, 192 pp., with 241 illustrations (145 in colour. - Rens Heringa, Ruth Barnes, Indian block-printed textiles in Egypt; The Newberry collection in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997. Volume 1 (text: xiv + 138 pp., with 32 b/w illustrations and 43 colour plates; Volume 2 (catalogue: 379 pp., with 1226 b/w illustrations. - H.M.J. Maier, David T. Hill, Beyond the

  9. A construção da paz em um mundo em transformação:o debate e a crítica sobre o conceito de peacebuilding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaíse Kemer

    Full Text Available Resumo O artigo analisa o surgimento e a evolução do conceito de construção da paz (peacebuilding no contexto internacional do pós-Guerra Fria, com foco em sua operacionalização no seio da Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU. O objetivo é elucidar a teoria que sustenta a prática da ONU para países emergindo de conflitos violentos. O ensaio argumenta que os conceitos teóricos da construção da paz são objeto de intenso debate internacional desde o período da Guerra Fria. Esse debate contribui para evidenciar os limites e as condições de aplicação desse conceito nas operações de paz conduzidas pela ONU desde 1945. Para tanto, o artigo está dividido em três seções. A primeira adota uma perspectiva histórica do conceito, abordando a operacionalização do conceito de paz na ONU durante a Guerra Fria, quando a paz era predominantemente concebida como a ausência de conflitos militares interestatais. A partir da década de 1960, os trabalhos dos precursores dos estudos para a paz, entre os quais Johan Galtung, lançaram um novo olhar sobre o conceito de paz, na medida em que permitiram compreendê-la não apenas como um sinônimo da cessação de conflitos bélicos entre Estados, mas também como uma noção diretamente relacionada a temas como desenvolvimento e direitos humanos. A segunda seção analisa o alargamento teórico-conceitual do conceito de paz no pós-Guerra Fria, no qual o fim da bipolaridade nas relações internacionais teve impacto direto na atuação da ONU para a construção da paz internacional. Finalmente, a terceira seção apresenta uma abordagem crítica do conceito de construção da paz, evidenciando o debate internacional sobre os limites e as condições de sua aplicação na contemporaneidade. A análise da literatura permite afirmar que os limites práticos e teóricos da noção de peacebuilding impõem a continuidade do debate internacional nesse âmbito, algo essencial para o

  10. Simulation of a class of hazardous situations in the ICS «INM RAS - Baltic Sea»

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakharova, Natalia; Agoshkov, Valery; Aseev, Nikita; Parmuzin, Eugene; Sheloput, Tateana; Shutyaev, Victor

    2017-04-01

    explicitly found. The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project 16-31-00510) and by the Russian Science Foundation (project №14-11-00609). V. I. Agoshkov, Methods of Optimal Control and Adjoint Equations in Problems of Mathematical Physics. INM RAS, Moscow, 2003 (in Russian). V. B. Zalesny, A. V. Gusev, V. O. Ivchenko, R. Tamsalu, and R. Aps, Numerical model of the Baltic Sea circulation. Russ. J. Numer. Anal. Math. Modelling 28 (2013), No. 1, 85-100. V.I. Agoshkov, A.O. Zayachkovskiy, R. Aps, P. Kujala, and J. Rytkönen. Risk theory based solution to the problem of optimal vessel route // Russian Journal of Numerical Analysis and Mathematical Modelling. 2014. Volume 29, Issue 2, Pages 69-78. Agoshkov, V., Aseev, N., Aps, R., Kujala, P., Rytkönen, J., Zalesny, V. The problem of control of oil pollution risk in the Baltic Sea // Russian Journal of Numerical Analysis and Mathematical Modelling. 2014. Volume 29, Issue 2, Pages 93-105. E. I. Parmuzin and V. I. Agoshkov, Numerical solution of the variational assimilation problem for sea surface temperature in the model of the Black Sea dynamics. Russ. J. Numer. Anal. Math. Modelling 27 (2012), No. 1, 69-94. Olof Liungman and Johan Mattsson. Scientic Documentation of Seatrack Web; physical processes, algorithms and references, 2011.

  11. Demography, diagnostics, and medication in dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease with dementia: data from the Swedish Dementia Quality Registry (SveDem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fereshtehnejad SM

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad,1 Dorota Religa,2,3 Eric Westman,1 Dag Aarsland,2,4 Johan Lökk,1,3 Maria Eriksdotter1,3 1Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences, and Society (NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Department of Geriatric Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; 4Centre for Age-Related Diseases, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway Introduction: Whether dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB and Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD should be considered as one entity or two distinct conditions is a matter of controversy. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of DLB and PDD patients using data from the Swedish Dementia Quality Registry (SveDem. Methods: SveDem is a national Web-based quality registry initiated to improve the quality of diagnostic workup, treatment, and care of patients with dementia across Sweden. Patients with newly diagnosed dementia of various types were registered in SveDem during the years 2007–2011. The current cross-sectional report is based on DLB (n = 487 and PDD (n = 297 patients. Demographic characteristics, diagnostic workup, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE score, and medications were compared between DLB and PDD groups. Results: No gender differences were observed between the two study groups (P = 0.706. PDD patients were significantly younger than DLB patients at the time of diagnosis (74.8 versus 76.8 years, respectively; P < 0.001. A significantly higher prevalence of patients with MMSE score #24 were found in the PDD group (75.2% versus 67.6%; P = 0.030. The mean number of performed diagnostic modalities was significantly higher in the DLB group (4.9 ± 1.7 than in the PDD group (4.1 ± 1.6; P< 0.001. DLB patients were more likely than PDD patients to be treated with

  12. Teaching Environmental Geochemistry as a Service-Learning Course (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ku, T. C.

    2010-12-01

    Service-learning courses seek to broaden students’ understanding of class content through activities, which are, at the same time, of service to the community. At Wesleyan University, I have taught an Environmental Geochemistry and Laboratory course three times as a service-learning course. The course meets for two 80-minute lecture periods and one 3-hour lab period each week and class sizes have been 19-27 students. The lectures cover traditional geochemistry topics such as equilibrium thermodynamics, acid-base equilibria, oxidation-reduction reactions, and isotope geochemistry, while the lab periods focus on a semester-long environmental project in collaboration with a community organization. Problem sets and class exercises are chosen to demonstrate how theoretical concepts are applied to topics relevant to the service-learning project. The three service-learning projects and associated community partners were entitled 1) “An Initial Assessment of the North End Middletown Landfill as a Renewable Energy Sources” in collaboration with The Johan Center for Earth and Art, 2) “The Water and Sediment Geochemistry of Beseck Lake, CT: Implications for Cultural Eutrophication” in collaboration with the Beseck Lake Association, and 3) “Geochemistry and Hydrology of Jobs Pond, CT” with the Jobs Pond Water Quality Commission. Initial contact with the community partner was made through Wesleyan’s Center for Community Partnerships or through the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. At the start of each semester, the lead member(s) of the community organization present their environmental problem to the class. This initial meeting allows the students to hear about the problem from the community’s perspective. The faculty member collaborates with the community organization to design 5-8 mini-projects and the students are assigned group projects (2-5 students) through a ranking system. Throughout the semester each group works on their project

  13. Differential NF-κB and MAPK activation underlies fluoride- and TPA-mediated CXCL8 (IL-8 induction in lung epithelial cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Refsnes M

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Magne Refsnes, Tonje Skuland, Marit Låg, Per E Schwarze, Johan Øvrevik Department of Air Pollution and Noise, Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway Abstract: Different toxic agents have a varying potential to induce the production of the proinflammatory chemokine, CXCL8 (interleukin [IL]-8, in lung cells. A critical question is which mechanisms determine the magnitude and persistence of the CXCL8 responses to different stimuli. To approach this, we compared the potential of the phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA, and sodium fluoride (NaF to induce CXCL8 responses in A549 cells, with emphasis on the importance of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB- and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK signaling. Notably, TPA induced a greater release of CXCL8 than did NaF. Furthermore, TPA induced a strong, rapid, but transient upregulation of CXCL8 messenger (mRNA, whereas NaF induced a weaker, more delayed, but persistent upregulation. With respect to signaling, TPA led to an early, strong, and relatively transient extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2 phosphorylation, and a less marked and even more transient phosphorylation of c-jun-N-terminal kinases (JNK1/2 and p38. In contrast, NaF elicited a lower, but relatively sustained increase in phosphorylation of ERK1/2, and a marked phosphorylation of p38 and JNK1/2, with the JNK1/2 response as most transient. Only ERK1/2 inhibition affected the TPA response, whereas inhibition of all the three MAPK cascades reduced NaF-induced CXCL8 release. TPA also induced an early, marked phosphorylation/translocation of p65 (NF-κB, whereas NaF induced slower, less pronounced effects on p65. The CXCL8 responses by TPA and NaF were reduced by p65-siRNA. In conclusion, all MAPK cascades were involved in NaF-induced CXCL8 release, whereas only ERK1/2 activation was involved in response to TPA. Furthermore, NF-κB activation appeared to be

  14. Malthus and neo-Malthusianism in Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalvemark, A S

    1980-01-01

    Focus in this discussion is on Malthus and neo-Malthusianism in Sweden. Neo-Malthusianism arrived in Sweden at the beginning of the 1880s when Knut Wicksell gave a public lecture at a youth meeting of a temperance society in Uppsala. The lecture resulted in public scandal and made neo-Malthusian ideas known overnight in Sweden. Wicksell maintained that poverty was the primary cause of most evils in society, and it was caused by the pressure from population increase on the means of subsistence. In his lecture he referred to Malthus explicitly and gave a summary of the Malthusian principle of population on which he based his reasoning. At the time he only knew of Malthus' ideas indirectly by reading George Drysdale's book, "The Elements of Social Science." The questions that arise are whether Malthus' ideas were only indirectly studied and whether neo-Malthusiansim was just seen as an equivalent of birth control and contraceptives, the very means of preventive checks for population growth that Malthus condemned for moral reasons. Wicksell focused on the causes and consequences of emigration in a lecture in 1881. He again saw rapid population growth as the cause of poverty, which in turn caused emigration. The rapid rise in Swedish emigration in the 1880s created considerable interest. Generally, the common view at the time was that Sweden suffered from a certain population pressure and corresponding underemployment. Johan Leffler, a young economist, had a different opinion. He saw the problem in an outspoken Malthusian way, suggesting that under the prevailing overpopulation in Sweden emigration could not be harmful. At the turn of the centruy Gustav Sundbarg was among those describing emigration as a deadly threat to Swedish society. Sundbarg not only turned against Malthus, but he also condemned neo-Malthusianism for moral reasons. Sundbarg maintained that demographic and economic development over the 19th century did not verify Malthus' assumption that population

  15. SOIL - A new open access journal of the European Geosciences Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brevik, Eric; Mataix-Solera, Jorge; Pereg, Lily; Quinton, John; Six, Johan; Van Oost, Kristof; Cerdà, Artemi

    2014-05-01

    referees' comments (anonymous or attributed), additional short comments by other members of the scientific community (attributed), and the author's replies will also be published in SOIL-D. In the second stage, a peer-review and revision process is completed and, if accepted, finalized papers are published in SOIL. To ensure publication precedence for authors, and to provide a lasting record of scientific discussion, SOIL-D and SOIL are both ISSN-registered, permanently archived, and fully citable. SOIL has a team of five executive editors who work together to oversee the running of the journal. Those executive editors, and their areas of primary oversight, are Eric Brevik (Review Article Editor), Jorge Mataix-Solera (Special Issues Editor), John Quinton (Awards and Recognitions Editor), Johan Six (Managing Editor), and Kristof Van Oost (Forum Article Editor). SOIL also has 46 associate editors. Manuscripts can be submitted to SOIL at the journal's website (http://www.soil-journal.net/home.html) beginning in May 2014. The first issue will be published January of 2015. Publication fees will be waived for the first two years of publication.

  16. Evaluation of the Prevention and Reactivation Care Program (PReCaP for the hospitalized elderly: a prospective nonrandomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmus-Szepesi KJ

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Kirsten J Asmus-Szepesi,1 Linda E Flinterman,1 Marc A Koopmanschap,2 Anna P Nieboer,2 Ton J Bakker,3 Johan P Mackenbach,1 Ewout W Steyerberg1 1Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, 2Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University, 3Stichting Wetenschap Balans, Rotterdam, the Netherlands Background: The hospitalized elderly are at risk of functional decline. We evaluated the effects and care costs of a specialized geriatric rehabilitation program aimed at preventing functional decline among at-risk hospitalized elderly.Methods: The prospective nonrandomized controlled trial reported here was performed in three hospitals in the Netherlands. One hospital implemented the Prevention and Reactivation Care Program (PReCaP, while two other hospitals providing usual care served as control settings. Within the PReCaP hospital we compared patients pre-implementation with patients post-implementation of the PReCaP (“within-hospital analysis”, while our nonrandomized controlled trial compared patients of the PReCaP hospital post-implementation with patients from the two control hospitals providing usual care (“between-hospital analysis”. Hospitalized patients 65 years or older and at risk of functional decline were interviewed at baseline and at 3 and 12 months using validated questionnaires to score functioning, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL. We estimated costs per unit of care from hospital information systems and national data sources. We used adjusted general linear mixed models to analyze functioning and HRQoL.Results: Between-hospital analysis showed no difference in activities of daily living (ADL or instrumental activities of daily living (IADL between PReCaP patients and control groups. PReCaP patients did have slightly better cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination; 0.4 [95% confidence interval (CI 0.2–0.6], lower depression (Geriatric Depression Scale 15; -0

  17. Good journalism or peace journalism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Loyn

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues against the prescriptive notions of Peace Journalism, and in particular its exclusive nature and attempt to define itself as a new orthodoxy. Most of the paper is a critique of the work of Jake Lynch and Annabel McGoldrick, in a book published in 2005, as well as their earlier Reporting the World series. They condemn all other ways of reporting as 'War Journalism, biased in favour of war.' I argue instead that the opposite of Peace Journalism is good journalism. Much of this Peace Journalism argument is derived from the work of Johan Galtung, who accuses 'war journalists' of reporting war in an enclosed space and time, with no context, concealing peace initiatives and making wars 'opaque/secret.' Galtung specifically calls on journalists as part of their mission to search out peace proposals which might begin as something small and beneath notice, but which might then be picked up and owned by politicians as their own. My response is clear and simple: creating peacemaking politicians is not the business of a reporter. I examine the traditional journalistic methods of using objectivity to get at a version of the truth. I concede that perfect truth is unattainable, (and paradoxically the tool of objectivity we use to get there is slippery too. I conclude that a more quotidian truth, or 'truthfulness' is though a manageable goal. I engage with philosophers who examine objectivity, concluding with the assistance of Thomas Nagel that it does still have a value. Nagel's account also has the merit of explaining how practices such as peace-reporting are bound to be less objective than alternatives, 'since they commit themselves to the adoption of particular perspectives, in effect giving up on the ideal of stripping away as much…as possible.' I examine the responses of the so-called 'journalism of attachment' framed as a desire of journalists faced by the horrors of Bosnia to cast off impartiality and emotional detachment and take

  18. In pursuit of empowerment: Sensei Nellie Kleinsmidt, race and gender challenges in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, D E

    2001-01-01

    This chapter traces the way in which Nellie Kleinsmidt, known as the grandmother of karate in Africa, has negotiated discriminatory practices and overcome race and gender-related struggles, including the struggle to free the female body, in pursuit of empowerment. It explores her expectations and the constraints and frustrations she experienced, as well as the many contributions she has made to women's karate in South Africa. Nellie Kleinsmidt's karate career, which began in 1965, coincided with the early developments of South African karate. As a woman of colour her life and karate career were significantly shaped by apartheid legislation. It divided the country into areas of occupancy and residency according to race and was designed to prevent contact between the people of the government defined race groups. Black karate-kas were prohibited by law from practising karate in white designated areas. Lack of facilities and qualified instructors in areas allocated to Kleinsmidt's race group meant that she received very little formal karate instruction between 1966 and 1973. Soon after, she met Johan Roux, a white male. He was to become her chief karate instructor and life-long companion. They defied the apartheid legislation and in 1978 set up home together. They organized defiance campaigns, resisting the pressures from government to close their dojo because of its non-racial policies. Freeing her body at the broader political level involved the abolition of the race categories and all other apartheid legislation which impacted on her life choices and experiences. Initially this struggle and that of freeing her body occurred simultaneously. In her ongoing struggle against gender discrimination in the sport, it was in karate that Nellie Kleinsmidt could strive for the personal empowerment she sought. She could however not translate this into freedom in South African society itself. The impact of apartheid legislation together with the imposition of a sports moratorium

  19. PREFACE: Wake Conference 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barney, Andrew; Nørkær Sørensen, Jens; Ivanell, Stefan

    2015-06-01

    at scientists and PhD students working in the field of wake dynamics. The conference covers the following subject areas: Wake and vortex dynamics, instabilities in trailing vortices and wakes, simulation and measurements of wakes, analytical approaches for modeling wakes, wake interaction and other wind farm investigations. Many people have been involved in producing the 2015 Wake Conference proceedings. The work by the more than 60 reviewers ensuring the quality of the papers is greatly appreciated. The timely evaluation and coordination of the reviews would not have been possible without the work of the section editors: Christian Masson, ÉTS, Fernando Porté-Agel, EPFL, Gerard Schepers, ECN Wind Energy, Gijs Van Kuik, Delft University, Gunner Larsen, DTU Wind Energy, Jakob Mann, DTU Wind Energy, Javier Sanz Rodrigo, CENER, Johan Meyers, KU Leuven, Rebecca Barthelmie, Cornell University, Sandrine Aubrun-Sanches, Université d'Orléans and Thomas Leweke, IRPHE-CNRS. We are also immensely indebted to the very responsive support from the editorial team at IOP Publishing, especially Sarah Toms, during the review process of these proceedings. Visby, Sweden, June 2015 Andrew Barney, Jens Nørkær Sørensen and Stefan Ivanell Uppsala University - Campus Gotland

  20. Surfactant treatment before first breath for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm lambs: comparison of a peptide-containing synthetic lung surfactant with porcine-derived surfactant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Zyl JM

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Johann M van Zyl,1 Johan Smith2 1Division of Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa; 2Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Tygerberg Children's Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa Background: In a recent study utilizing a saline-lavaged adult rabbit model, we described a significant improvement in systemic oxygenation and pulmonary shunt after the instillation of a novel synthetic peptide-containing surfactant, Synsurf. Respiratory distress syndrome in the preterm lamb more closely resembles that of the human infant, as their blood gas, pH values, and lung mechanics deteriorate dramatically from birth despite ventilator support. Moreover, premature lambs have lungs which are mechanically unstable, with the advantage of being able to measure multiple variables over extended periods. Our objective in this study was to investigate if Synsurf leads to improved systemic oxygenation, lung mechanics, and histology in comparison to the commercially available porcine-derived lung surfactant Curosurf® when administered before first breath in a preterm lamb model. Materials and methods: A Cesarean section was performed under general anesthesia on 18 time-dated pregnant Dohne Merino ewes at 129–130 days gestation. The premature lambs were delivered and ventilated with an expiratory tidal volume of 6–8 mL/kg for the first 30 minutes and thereafter at 8–10 mL/kg. In a randomized controlled trial, the two surfactants tested were Synsurf and Curosurf®, both at a dose of 100 mg/kg phospholipids (1,2-dipalmitoyl-L-α-phosphatidylcholine; 90% in Synsurf, 40% in Curosurf®. A control group of animals was treated with normal saline. Measurements of physiological variables, blood gases, and lung mechanics were made before and after surfactant and saline replacement and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 180

  1. Metatheory Building in the Conflict Field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim Fathi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Extended Abstract in English Given the increasingly complex nature of conflicts, a corresponding increase of new methods can be observed in Peace and Conflict Studies. At this juncture, metatheories aimed at integrating this labyrinth of diverse methods is becoming necessary. This paper will draft a conceptual proposal, discussing two well-known holistic approaches of mediative conflict management in an integrative context: – The Conflict Management Approach by Prof. Dr. Friedrich Glasl (2004. – The Conflict Transformation Approach (The Transcend Method by Prof. Dr. Johan Galtung (2000. The theoretical assumptions of this paper are based on the integral approach by Ken Wilber (2001 – a highly discussed “Theory of Everything“ that has thus far remained widely ignored in Peace and Conflict Studies, yet. Therefore, it is also of interest to scrutinise the integral approach with regard to its contribution for an integrated Peace and Conflict Studies. The analysis was conducted as follows: 1. Introduction of two holistic Peace and Conflict Studies approaches: a. The Conflict Management Approach by Glasl implies a number of categories and entry points (Ansatzmomente resulting in a complex intervention spectrum. In this regard, the consideration of escalation levels is highly important, integrating perception-oriented (low escalation, emotion-oriented (medium escalation and behaviour-oriented (high escalation measures. The spectrum may be combined with other categories such as conflict type (hot or cold or criteria of conflict analysis (issues, conflict trends etc.. b. The Conflict Transformation Approach by Galtung is characterised by a three-fold schematic, enabling a complex understanding of violence (direct, cultural, structural, conflict (behaviour, assumptions, contradictions and peace (non-violence, empathy, creativity. Moreover, Galtung’s model implies three conflict phases (before, during, after violence as well as five styles of

  2. Metatheoriebildung in der dialogischen Konfliktbearbeitung – ein konzeptioneller Vorschlag am Beispiel der Konflikttransformation nach Galtung und des Konfliktmanagements nach Glasl und des Integralen Ansatzes nach Wilber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim Fathi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Extended Abstract in English Given the increasingly complex nature of conflicts, a corresponding increase of new methods can be observed in Peace and Conflict Studies. At this juncture, metatheories aimed at integrating this labyrinth of diverse methods is becoming necessary. This paper will draft a conceptual proposal, discussing two well-known holistic approaches of mediative conflict management in an integrative context:- The Conflict Management Approach by Prof. Dr. Friedrich Glasl (2004.- The Conflict Transformation Approach (The Transcend Method by Prof. Dr. Johan Galtung (2000. The theoretical assumptions of this paper are based on the integral approach by Ken Wilber (2001 – a highly discussed “Theory of Everything“ that has thus far remained widely ignored in Peace and Conflict Studies, yet. Therefore, it is also of interest to scrutinise the integral approach with regard to its contribution for an integrated Peace and Conflict Studies. The analysis was conducted as follows: 1. Introduction of two holistic Peace and Conflict Studies approaches: a. The Conflict Management Approach by Glasl implies a number of categories and entry points (Ansatzmomente resulting in a complex intervention spectrum. In this regard, the consideration of escalation levels is highly important, integrating perception-oriented (low escalation, emotion-oriented (medium escalation and behaviour-oriented (high escalation measures. The spectrum may be combined with other categories such as conflict type (hot or cold or criteria of conflict analysis (issues, conflict trends etc.. b. The Conflict Transformation Approach by Galtung is characterised by a three-fold schematic, enabling a complex understanding of violence (direct, cultural, structural, conflict (behaviour, assumptions, contradictions and peace (non-violence, empathy, creativity. Moreover, Galtung’s model implies three conflict phases (before, during, after violence as well as five styles of

  3. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2010-04-01

    Nio Liem, De rechtspositie der Chinezen in Nederlands-Indië 1848-1942; Wetgevingsbeleid tussen beginsel en belang. (Mary Somers Heidhues Zhou Daguan, A record of Cambodia: the land and its people. (Un Leang REVIEW ESSAY Longitudinal studies in Javanese performing arts Benjamin Brinner, Music in Central Java; Experiencing music, expressing culture. Barbara Hatley, Javanese performances on an Indonesian stage; Contesting culture, embracing change. Felicia Hughes-Freeland, Embodied communities; Dance traditions and change in Java. (Matthew Isaac Cohen REVIEW ESSAY Development and reform in Vietnam Stéphanie Balme and Mark Stephanie (eds, Vietnam’s new order; International perspectives on the state and reform in Vietnam. Sujian Guo, The political economy of Asian transition from communism. Ian Jeffries, Vietnam: a guide to economic and political developments. Pietro Masina, Vietnam’s development strategies. (Tran Quang Anh KORTE SIGNALERINGEN Ulbe Bosma, Indiëgangers; Verhalen van Nederlanders die naar Indië trokken. Clara Brinkgreve, Met Indië verbonden; Een verhaal van vier generaties 1849-1949. Jack Botermans en Heleen Tichler, Het vergeten Indië; Stille getuigen van het dagelijks leven in het Indië van toen. Robin te Slaa en Edwin Klijn, De NSB; Ontstaan en opkomst van de Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging, 1931-1935. Mark Loderichs, Margaret Leidelmeijer, Johan van Langen en Jan Kompagnie, Verhalen in Documenten; Over het afscheid van Indië, 1940-1950. Frederik Erens en Adrienne Zuiderweg, Linggadjati, brug naar de toekomst; Soetan Sjahrir als een van de grondleggers van het vrije Indonesië. Peter Schumacher, met medewerking van Gerard de Boer, De zaak Aernout; Hardnekkige mythes rond een Indische moord ontrafeld. Cas Oorthuys, Een staat in wording; Fotoreportage van Cas Oorthuys over het Indonesië van 1947. René Kok, Erik Somers en Louis Zweers, Koloniale oorlog 1945-1949; Van Indië tot Indonesië. H.F. Veenendaal

  4. Archimedes Brought to Light

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergmann, U.; /SLAC, SSRL

    2009-04-29

    Just over 100 years ago in the summer of 1906, a Danish scholar called Johan Ludvig Heiberg travelled to the famous Metochion library of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Constantinople. He had got wind of an intriguing medieval prayer book that had recently been found at the library, and which contained a series of Christian prayers written on parchment recycled from older books. But underneath the scrawlings of a 13th-century medieval monk, the battered manuscript also appeared to contain some strange Greek writing as well as mysterious drawings and mathematical symbols. When Heiberg saw the book, he soon realized that the hidden material in fact contained the thoughts of Archimedes of Syracuse (287-212 BC) - one of the greatest thinkers of the ancient world. It was in November 2003, while on my way to a conference in Germany, that I first realized that the technique might help to uncover the hidden writings in the Archimedes Palimpsest. I had been reading an article in the German magazine GEO about the manuscript and, having previously used X-rays to detect metals in biological systems, realized that XRF could help to detect iron and other common elements in the ink. I immediately e-mailed Abigail Quandt, a conservator at the Walters Art Museum, who was part of a team that had been put in charge of the Archimedes manuscript. I was delighted to find that the team, led by her colleague William Noel, was looking for new ways to study this ancient book. Indeed, it turned out that two other researchers - Gene Hall from Rutgers University and Bob Morton from the oil firm ConocoPhillips - had also suggested using XRF imaging. Another team member - Johns Hopkins University physicist Bill Christens-Barry - had already been thinking of using X-rays too. In March 2004 Hall and the team carried out the first tests on the Palimpsest using X-rays from a commercial generator. Although these tests were promising, the results confirmed my belief that synchrotron radiation

  5. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieuwke Wendelaar Bonga

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available - K. Alexander Adelaar, James T. Collins, Bibliografi dialek Melayu di pulau Sumatera. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, 1995, xliii + 201 pp. [Siri Monograf Bibliografi Sejarah Bahasa Melayu.] - K. Alexander Adelaar, James T. Collins, Bibliografi dialek Melayu di pulau Jawa, Bali dan Sri Lanka. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, 1995, xxxvii + 213 pp. [Siri Monograf Bibliografi Sejarah Bahasa Melayu.] - K. Alexander Adelaar, James T. Collins, Bibliografi dialek Melayu di Indonesia Timur. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, 1996, xxx + 103 pp. [Siri Monograf Bibliografi Sejarah Bahasa Melayu.] - K. Alexander Adelaar, James T. Collins, Bibliografi dialek Melayu di pulau Borneo. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, 1990, xxviii + 100 pp. [Siri Monograf Bibliografi Sejarah Bahasa Melayu.] - Freek L. Bakker, Samuel Wälty, Kintamani; Dorf, Land und Rituale; Entwicklung und institutioneller Wandel in einer Bergregion auf Bali. Münster: Lit Verlag, 1997, xii + 352 pp. - René van den Berg, Linda Barsel, The verb morphology of Mori, Sulawesi. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, 1994, x + 139 pp. [Pacific Linguistics Series B-111.] - Martin van Bruinessen, Darul Aqsha, Islam in Indonesia; A survey of events and developments from 1988 to March 1993. Jakarta: INIS, 1995, 535 pp., Dick van der Meij, Johan Hendrik Meuleman (eds. - Martin van Bruinessen, Niels Mulder, Inside Indonesian society; Cultural change in Java. Amsterdam: Pepin Press, 1996, 240 pp. [Previously published Bangkok, Duang Kamol, 1994.] - Matthew Isaac Cohen, Craig A, Lockard, Dance of life; Popular music and politics in Southeast Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 1998, xix + 390 pp. - Will Derks, Tenas Effendy, Bujang Tan Domang; Sastra lisan orang

  6. Count Nouns - Mass Nouns, Neat Nouns - Mess Nouns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Landman

    2010-12-01

    University Press, Cambridge.Cheng, L., Doetjes, J. & Sybesma, R. 2008. ‘How universal is the Universal Grinder’. In: Linguistics in the Netherlands 2008, p. 50–62.Chierchia, G. 1998. ‘Plurality of mass nouns and the notion of semantic parameter’. In Susan Rothstein (ed. ‘Events and Grammar’, 52–103. Kluwer, Dordrecht.Chierchia, G. 2010. ‘Mass nouns, vagueness, and semantic variation’. In Synthese 174 (1.Doetjes, J. 1997. Quantifiers and Selection. Ph.D. thesis, University of Leiden.Hoeksema, J. 1983. ‘Plurality and conjunction’. In Alice ter Meulen (ed. ‘Studies in Modeltheoretic Semantics’, 63–83. Foris, Dordrecht.Krifka, M. 1989. ‘Nominal reference, temporal constitution and quantification in event semantics’. In Johan van Benthem Renate Bartsch & Peter van Emde Boas (eds. ‘Semantics and Contextual Expression’, 75–115. Foris, Dordrecht.Krifka, M. 2009. ‘Counting configurations’. In Arnt Riester and Torgrim Solstad (eds. Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 13.Landman, F. 1989. ‘Groups I & II’. Linguistics and Philosophy 12: 559–605, 723–744.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00627774Landman, F. 1991. Structures for Semantics. Kluwer, Dordrecht.Landman, F. 2000. Events and Plurality. Kluwer, Dordrecht.Lasersohn, P. 1988. A semantics for Groups and Events. Ph.D. thesis, University of Ohio, Columbus, Ohio.Li, X. P. 1983. On the Semantics of Classifiers in Chinese. Ph.D. thesis, University of Ohio, Columbus, Ohio.Link, G. 1983. ‘The logical analysis of plurals and mass terms: a lattice-theoretic approach’. In R. Bäuerle, U. Egli & A. von Stechow (eds. ‘Meaning, Use and the Interpretation of Language’, 303–323. de Gruyter, Berlin.Link, G. 1984. ‘Hydras. On the logic of relative constructions with multiple heads’. In F. Landman & F. Veltman (eds. ‘Varieties of Formal Semantics’, 245–257. Kluwer, Dordrecht.Lønning, J-T. 1987. ‘Mass terms and quantification’. Linguistics and Philosophy 10: 1–52.Pelletier, F. J

  7. "Physics and Life" - Teachers Meet Scientists at Major EIROforum Event [

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-11-01

    (EPS) and the European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE) . The project is funded in part by the European Commission and takes place under the auspices of the European Science and Technology Week 2003. It is directed by the EIROforum Working Group on Outreach that brings together key members of the seven organisations' respective outreach departments. The "Physics on Stage 3" festival will be opened on Monday, November 10, by His Royal Highness, Prince Johan Friso of the Netherlands. Among the distinguished guests will also be Her Excellency, Mrs. Maria van der Hoeven, the Dutch Minister of Education, Culture and Science, as well as several Directors-General of the EIROforum organisations. This "Physics on Stage 3" festival is the most visible event within a year-long programme with the very active involvement of National Committees in two dozen European countries, each of which organised national events or competitions, during which the 400 delegates to the festival were selected for their outstanding projects to promote science teaching. Among the many entries, for example, two young physicists from Germany focus on the beauty of physical phenomena, producing fractals and demonstrating the "Theremin", the only musical instrument played without being touched. In another demonstration, a team from the UK explore the nature of sound and the theme of genetics through drama, music and physical theatre. In this third international festival of physics education, biological and biochemical themes will also play a major role. As usual, the colourful centrepiece of the week is the Fair. Every country has its own stand where delegates show their new, exciting and surprising projects, innovative software, elegant experiments, etc. In this highly inspiring atmosphere, the teachers exchange practical experience and insights, learning from each other and preparing themselves to bring back to their respective countries a rich harvest of new ideas and inspiration for better

  8. Ethics, methods and diversity in the use of new media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yngve Nordkvelle

    2015-11-01

    that it was designed to address.Catarina Player-Koro and Martin Tallvid both work at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Their paper has the title: “Title One Laptop on Each Desk: Teaching Methods in Technology Rich Classrooms”. Their article takes its point of departure from the main findings from research in four upper secondary schools where one laptop is given each student and reports on a deeper analysis of four classrooms that are part of the empirical study. The theoretical and empirical analysis argues that technology plays a lesser part than the deeper structures of teaching, learning and education, and that change does not happen as easily as those enthusiastic about such initiatives often think.Rune Johan Krumsvik and Lise Øen Jones, both from the University of Bergen, Norway, presents the article called “Digital Learning Aids for Nynorsk Pupils in School: - A Politically Sensitive Area or a Question of a Deeper Scientific Understanding of Learning?“ The paper focuses on the bilingual situation in Norway. The Norwegian language situation is exceptional because the nation has two written standards, Bokmål (majority variety and Nynorsk (minority variety, and both the Education Act and the Norwegian Directorate of Education require that publishers provide parallel editions of all paper-based and digital learning aids for pupils. In spite of good intentions the reality is that the minority language, is much less provided for on digital platforms. The paper analyses the situation and argues that there is in deed time to think radically and new about the situation.Filitsa Dingyloudi and Jan-Willem Strijbos, both from Ludwig-Maximilians-UniversityMunich, present their paper called “Examining value creation in a community of learning practice: Methodological reflections on story-telling and story-reading”. They claim that despite the abundant research on communities in various shapes and settings, examination of what community members gained from

  9. GUIDELINES FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF SYNCOPE (2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Moya

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Внешние эксперты: Haruhiko Abe (Япония, David G. Benditt (США, Wyatt W. Decker (США, Blair P. Grubb (США, Horacio Kaufmann9 (США, Carlos Morillo (Канада, Brian Olshansky (США, Steve W. Parry (Великобритания, Robert Sheldon (Канада, Win K. Shen (СШАЧлены Комитета Европейского общества кардиологов по практическим рекомендациям (ESC Committee for Practice Guidelines: CPG: Alec Vahanian (Председатель (Франция, Angelo Auricchio (Швейцария,Jeroen Bax (Нидерланды, Claudio Ceconi (Италия, Veronica Dean (Франция, Gerasimos Filippatos (Греция, Christian Funck-Brentano (Франция, Richard Hobbs (Великобритания, Peter Kearney (Ирландия, Theresa McDonagh (Великобритания, Keith McGregor (Франция, Bogdan A. Popescu (Румыния, Zeljko Reiner (Хорватия, Udo Sechtem (Германия, Per Anton Sirnes (Норвегия, Michal Tendera (Польша, Panos Vardas (Греция, Petr Widimsky (ЧехияРецензенты: Angelo Auricchio (Координатор от CPG (Швейцария, Esmeray Acarturk (Турция, Felicita Andreotti (Италия, Riccardo Asteggiano (Италия, Urs Bauersfeld (Швейцария, Abdelouahab Bellou4 (Франция, Athanase Benetos6 (Франция, Johan Brandt (Швеция, Mina K. Chung3 (США, Pietro Cortelli 8 (Италия, Antoine Da Costa (Франция, Fabrice Extramiana (Франция, Jose´ Ferro7 (Португалия, Bulent Gorenek (Турция, Antti Hedman (Финляндия, Rafael Hirsch (Израиль, Gabriela Kaliska (Словакия, Rose Anne Kenny6 (Ирландия, Keld Per Kjeldsen (Дания, Rachel Lampert 3 (USA, Henning Mølgard (Denmark, Rain Paju (Эстония, Aras Puodziukynas (Литва, Antonio Raviele (

  10. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2003-10-01

    , 2002, 221 pp. -Michael Laffan, Rudolf Mrázek, Engineers of happy land; Technology and nationalism in a colony. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002, xvii + 311 pp. [Princeton studies in culture/power/history 15.] -Johan Meuleman, Michael Francis Laffan, Islamic nationhood and colonial Indonesia; The umma below the winds. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003, xvi + 294 pp. [SOAS/RoutledgeCurzon studies on the Middle East 1.] -Rudolf Mrázek, Heidi Dahles, Tourism, heritage and national culture in Java; Dilemmas of a local community. Leiden: International Institute for Asian studies/Curzon, 2001, xvii + 257 pp. -Anke Niehof, Kathleen M. Adams ,Home and hegemony; Domestic service and identity politics in South and Southeast Asia. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000, 307 pp., Sara Dickey (eds -Robert van Niel, H.W. van den Doel, Afscheid van Indië; De val van het Nederlandse imperium in Azië. Amsterdam: Prometheus, 2001, 475 pp. -Anton Ploeg, Bruce M. Knauft, Exchanging the past; A rainforest world of before and after. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002, x + 303 pp. -Harry A. Poeze, Nicolaas George Bernhard Gouka, De petitie-Soetardjo; Een Hollandse misser in Indië? (1936-1938. Amsterdam: Rozenberg, 303 pp. -Harry A. Poeze, Jaap Harskamp (compiler, The Indonesian question; The Dutch/Western response to the struggle for independence in Indonesia 1945-1950; an annotated catalogue of primary materials held in the British Library. London; The British Library, 2001, xx + 210 pp. -Elisabeth Schröder-Butterfill, Jan Breman ,Good times and bad times in rural Java; Case study of socio-economic dynamics in two villages towards the end of the twentieth century. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2002, xii + 330 pp. [Verhandelingen 195.], Gunawan Wiradi (eds -Mariëtte van Selm, L.P. van Putten, Ambitie en onvermogen; Gouverneurs-generaal van Nederlands-Indië 1610-1796. Rotterdam: ILCO-productions, 2002, 192 pp. -Heather Sutherland, William Cummings, Making blood white

  11. Planet Formation in Action? - Astronomers may have found the first object clearing its path in the natal disc surrounding a young star

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    Using ESO's Very Large Telescope an international team of astronomers has been able to study the short-lived disc of material around a young star that is in the early stages of making a planetary system. For the first time a smaller companion could be detected that may be the cause of the large gap found in the disc. Future observations will determine whether this companion is a planet or a brown dwarf. Planets form from the discs of material around young stars, but the transition from dust disc to planetary system is rapid and few objects are caught during this phase [1]. One such object is T Chamaeleontis (T Cha), a faint star in the small southern constellation of Chamaeleon that is comparable to the Sun, but very near the beginning of its life [2]. T Cha lies about 350 light-years from the Earth and is only about seven million years old. Up to now no forming planets have been found in these transitional discs, although planets in more mature discs have been seen before (eso0842, heic0821). "Earlier studies had shown that T Cha was an excellent target for studying how planetary systems form," notes Johan Olofsson (Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, Germany), one of the lead authors of two papers in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics that describe the new work. "But this star is quite distant and the full power of the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) was needed to resolve very fine details and see what is going on in the dust disc." The astronomers first observed T Cha using the AMBER instrument and the VLT Interferometer (VLTI) [3]. They found that some of the disc material formed a narrow dusty ring only about 20 million kilometres from the star. Beyond this inner disc, they found a region devoid of dust with the outer part of the disc stretching out into regions beyond about 1.1 billion kilometres from the star. Nuria Huélamo (Centro de Astrobiología, ESAC, Spain), the lead author of the second paper takes up the story: "For us the

  12. Quantification and Negation in Event Semantics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Champollion

    2010-12-01

    Jager & Katrin Schulz (eds. ‘Logic, Language and Meaning’, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6042, 274–283. Springer Berlin / Heidelberg.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14287-1_28Giannakidou, Anastasia. 2002. ‘UNTIL, aspect and negation: A novel argument for two untils’. In ‘Semantics and linguistic theory (SALT’, vol. 12, 84–103.Groenendijk, Jeroen & Stokhof, Martin. 1990. ‘Dynamic Montague grammar’. In Lászlo Kálman & Lászlo Polos (eds. ‘Papers from the Second Symposium on Logic and Language’, Budapest, Hungary: Akadémiai Kiadó.Heim, Irene & Kratzer, Angelika. 1998. Semantics in Generative Grammar. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.Hendriks, Herman. 1993. Studied flexibility. Ph.D. thesis, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.Jacobson, Pauline. 1999. ‘Towards a variable-free semantics’. Linguistics and Philosophy 117–184.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005464228727Krifka, Manfred. 1989. ‘Nominal reference, temporal constitution and quantification in event semantics’. In Renate Bartsch, Johan van Benthem & P. van Emde Boas (eds. ‘Semantics and contextual expression’, 75–115. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Foris.Krifka, Manfred. 1998. ‘The origins of telicity’. In Susan Rothstein (ed. ‘Events and grammar’, 197–235. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.Krifka, Manfred. 1999. ‘At Least Some Determiners Aren’t Determiners’. In K. Turner (ed. ‘The Semantics/Pragmatics Interface from Different Points of View’, 257–291. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.Landman, Fred. 1996. ‘Plurality’. In Shalom Lappin (ed. ‘Handbook of Contemporary Semantics’, 425–457. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.Landman, Fred. 2000. Events and plurality: The Jerusalem lectures. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.May, Robert. 1985. Logical form: Its structure and derivation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Parsons, Terence. 1990. Events in the semantics of English. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Partee, Barbara H. 1973. ‘Some structural

  13. PREFACE: The IARU International Scientific Congress on Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions (10-12 March, Copenhagen, Denmark)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    revitalization of ecosystem services Key Message 6: Meeting the Challenge To achieve the societal transformation required to meet the climate change challenge, we must overcome a number of significant constraints and seize critical opportunities These include reducing inertia in social and economic systems; building on a growing public desire for governments to act on climate change; removing implicit and explicit subsidies; reducing the influence of vested interests that increase emissions and reduce resilience; enabling the shifts from ineffective governance and weak institutions to innovative leadership in government, the private sector and civil society; and engaging society in the transition to norms and practices that foster sustainability The editors of the volume are all the session chairs: Professor Agus Sari Dr Aled Jones Science Manager Anders Viksø-Nielsen Dr Andreas Barkman Professor Anette Reenberg Professor Ann Henderson-Sellers Professor Anthony J McMichael Dr Anthony Patt Dr Bette Otto-Bliesner Dr Cameron Hepburn Dr Carlos Nobre Dr Carol Turley Dr Chris Hope Professor Chris Turney Professor Claus Felby Professor Coleen Vogel Professor Dale Jamieson Professor Daniel M Kammen Senior Scientist Detlef F Sprinz Professor Diana Ürge-Vorsatz Professor Dorthe Dahl-Jensen PhD Fatima Denton Director Generel Frances Seymour Dr Frank Jotzo Professor Harold Mooney Director Henrik Bindslev Mr Jamie Pittock Professor Jacquie Burgess Dr James E Hansen Professor Jiahua Pan Dr Jill Jäger Professor Jim Skea Professor Johan Rockström Dr John Christensen Professor John Mitchell Professor John R Porter Professor Joyeeta Gupta Professor Jørgen E Olesen Professor Karen O'Brien Dr Kazuhiko Takeuchi Dr Katrine Krogh Andersen Professor Keith Paustian Professor Ken Caldeira Professor Kevin Anderson Dr Koko Warner Professor Konrad Steffen Professor Liping Zhou Professor Louise Fresco Professor Maria Carmen Lemos Professor Mark Ashton Dr Mark Stafford-Smith Dr Martin Claussen Dr Martin

  14. Úvodník 2008/III/1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Dlouhá

    2008-05-01

    řipomínkovým řízením. V rubrice Informace uvádíme dva příklady dobré praxe zařazené do tzv. EU Inventory of innovative good practice on education for sustainable development; pokud se zajímáte o ekonomii životního prostředí, všimněte si analytického pohledu na tři kurzy Aleše Lisy a Petra Šauera. Až nakonec se dostáváme k vlajkové lodi našeho časopisu – recenzovaným textům, které jsme pro vás do tohoto čísla připravili. Pavel Žďárský píše o Frommově interpretaci dvou cest člověka, které se manifestují buď v aktivním „biofilním“ postoji a orientaci ke světu, nebo opačné „cestě smrti“. Karol Herian uvažuje nad proměnami ekologického myšlení v souvislosti s vývojem systémových konceptů organického světa; hledá přístupy neredukující jeho složitost a specifika. Jan Činčera se věnuje dvěma protikladným přístupům environmentální výchovy; na základě svých teoretických úvah vyvozuje také závěry pro konkrétní vzdělávací strategie. Tento text těsně souvisí s nerecenzovaným (protože převzatým článkem Marie Öhman & Johan Öhman: Power in action... který se na rozpory ve vzdělávacích konceptech dívá zase z jiné strany. Jiří Nečas znovu klade otázku Opravdu chceme trvale udržitelný rozvoj? Můžeme ji číst s důrazem na jednotlivá slova (Chceme? Trvale? Udržitelný? Rozvoj?, ale má i další dimenzi (Chceme-li opravdu, tedy jak?. Odpovídá (běžným sice, ale nepříliš praktikovaným názorem, že rozvoj se nám děje tak trochu nezávisle na našem chtění; a je třeba se opřít o etické imperativy, abychom jej usměrnili. Článek navíc doplňuje velmi podrobná recenze Ivana Ryndy, kterou zahajuje dialog na dané téma. Měli byste dále vědět, že článek Kateřiny Jančaříkové z minulého čísla Žákovské portfolio – vhodná forma hodnocení environmentální výchovy (3/2007 byl úspěšně recenzován a je tedy přeřazen do

  15. Úvodník 2008/III/1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Dlouhá

    2008-05-01

    skutečného problému, ale i námětem pro zajímavou práci s dětmi.Do diskuzí o všeobecném základním příjmu a kontroverzi mezi environmentalismem a produktivismem vstupuje Pavel Baran – upozorňuje na kongres Basic Income Earth Network, který se vlastně již konal. Vašemu kritickému pohledu a připomínkám nabízíme poslední verzi Strategie vzdělávání pro udržitelný rozvoj České republiky (2008 – 2015, která právě proběhla mezirezortním připomínkovým řízením. V rubrice Informace uvádíme dva příklady dobré praxe zařazené do tzv. EU Inventory of innovative good practice on education for sustainable development; pokud se zajímáte o ekonomii životního prostředí, všimněte si analytického pohledu na tři kurzy Aleše Lisy a Petra Šauera.Až nakonec se dostáváme k vlajkové lodi našeho časopisu – recenzovaným textům, které jsme pro vás do tohoto čísla připravili. Pavel Žďárský píše o Frommově interpretaci dvou cest člověka, které se manifestují buď v aktivním „biofilním“ postoji a orientaci ke světu, nebo opačné „cestě smrti“. Karol Herian uvažuje nad proměnami ekologického myšlení v souvislosti s vývojem systémových konceptů organického světa; hledá přístupy neredukující jeho složitost a specifika. Jan Činčera se věnuje dvěma protikladným přístupům environmentální výchovy; na základě svých teoretických úvah vyvozuje také závěry pro konkrétní vzdělávací strategie. Tento text těsně souvisí s nerecenzovaným (protože převzatým článkem Marie Öhman & Johan Öhman: Power in action... který se na rozpory ve vzdělávacích konceptech dívá zase z jiné strany. Jiří Nečas znovu klade otázku Opravdu chceme trvale udržitelný rozvoj? Můžeme ji číst s důrazem na jednotlivá slova (Chceme? Trvale? Udržitelný? Rozvoj?, ale má i další dimenzi (Chceme-li opravdu, tedy jak?. Odpovídá (běžným sice, ale nep

  16. Editorial 32

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nylza Offir García Vera

    2011-12-01

    ón GINNOVA analiza tal impacto pedagógico. Finalmente, Ancízar Narváez da cuenta en su artículo de las diferencias entre la cultura escolar ?vista a partir del análisis de los modelospedagógicos? y la cultura mediática ?estudiada con base en los modelos comunicativos?.Incluimos también en esta edición dos reseñas: la primera elaborada por Rafael Ávila Penagos a partir del libro “La comprensión de lo social. Horizonte hermeneúticode las Ciencias Sociales”, del autor José Darío Herrera y publicado por el Centro Internacional de Desarrollo Humano, Cinde, en 2009. La segunda, una lectura que nos ofrece Camilo Jiménez Camargo del libro “El despertar de la palabra: escrituras en torno a derechos humanos, currículo y transformación social”, de los autores Manuel Prada, Dairo Sánchez y Johan Torres; publicado por el Centro de Investigaciones y Educación Popular, Cinep, en el 2008.Para cerrar, habrá que decir que la reflexión tal como nos lo señala Jesús Ibáñez, consiste en un viaje a través del lenguaje. Implica sumergirse en textos sedimentados en la memoria o tender puentes entre discursos incomunicados. Los textos hasta aquí esbozados,que no exponen otra cosa que el producto de la reflexión y del trabajo académico, consideramos, pueden o bien ayudar a tender puentes o bien erigirse desde la interrogación de lo existente, de lo dado, de lo supuesto en el seno mismo de ese discurso pedagógicooficial. ¿No es acaso ésta última una de las tareas primordiales de la Academia? Quizá sea necesario salir del discurso de la ciudad, a pesar de que nos habita y vivimos en ella.Nylza Offir García VeraEditora

  17. A Glimpse of the Very Early Universal Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-05-01

    important ingredient in the cosmological models is the dark matter that is believed to contribute about 95% of the mass of the universe. The present confirmation of the predictions of the models therefore also indirectly confirms that it is the dark matter that controls the formation of structures in the universe. However, there is still a long way to go before it will be possible to make a more detailed comparison between observations and predictions, e.g., from PR Photo 19e/01 to PR Photo 19a/01 ! Asked about what they consider the most important consequence of their observations, the team responds: " We have shown that we now have an observational method with which we may study the cosmic web in the early universe, and the VLT is a great tool for such studies. The way forward is now pretty clear - we just have to find those faint and distant LEGOs and then do the spectral observations from which we may determine how they are distributed in space ". More information The research described in this press release is the subject of a scientific article by the team, "Detection of a redshift 3.04 filament" , to appear as a Letter to the Editor in the European journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. Notes [1] The team consists of Palle Møller , Johan Fynbo (both at ESO, Garching) and Bjarne Thomsen (Institute of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus, Denmark). [2] In astronomy, the redshift denotes the fraction by which the lines in the spectrum of an object are shifted towards longer wavelengths. The observed redshift of a distant hydrogen cloud or galaxy gives a direct estimate of the apparent recession velocity as caused by the universal expansion. Since the expansion rate increases with the distance, the velocity is itself a function (the Hubble relation) of the distance to the object. The higher the redshift of an object, the more distant it is and the longer is the look-back time, i.e. the earlier is the corresponding epoch. [3] See also ESO Press Release 13/99 and ESO Press Release 08