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Sample records for dobrowiecki johan schoukens

  1. Johan Blouw (1968 - 2016)

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    We deeply mourn the untimely departure of our dear friend and colleague Johan Blouw, who unexpectedly passed away on Monday, September 5, 2016, leaving behind a wife and three children.   After a PhD thesis with the HERMES experiment and a postdoc position with BaBar, Johan joined LHCb in 2003, where his excellent background in computing was of great help in the efforts to launch the then nascent field of Grid-computing. In addition, as a member of the LHCb Silicon Tracker project, he contributed to the R&D efforts and the construction of the LHCb silicon strip detectors. After the completion of the detector, Johan moved on to work on the alignment of the tracking system, and recently became a central player in the growing LHCb ion physics programme, analysing Run 1 proton-lead data and contributing in making the Run 2 ion-ion and fixed-target plans a reality. In July this year, he left the group at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics to join a software company in Heidelberg. All who...

  2. Johan Dieperink (1940 - 2015)

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    We were deeply saddened to learn of the death of our former colleague and friend, Johan Dieperink, on 28 August, at the age of 75.   Han arrived at CERN in 1969, hired as an electronics technician to work on the data acquisition system for the “Charpak” multiwire chambers. In the 1970s, Han joined the SPS Beam Instrumentation Group and participated in the development of an analog acquisition system for the SEM type beam monitors used in the beam transfer lines towards the North and West experimental areas. In the 1980s, he joined the Beam Transfer Group, working on the development, construction and operation of the low-level control system for the LEP’s beam separation system and on the modernisation of the control system for the SPS extraction channels. In the 1990s, Han devoted himself to the design study for the control system for the LHC beam extraction system. Many of the ideas and suggestions that Han put forward in the course of these studies are now a reality...

  3. Johan Bülows spade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Karin Esmann

    2017-01-01

    practice. The paradise of the garden is the place of care (Robert Pugue Harrison 2008). This chapter examines how the ideas of vita activa (Hanna Arendt 1958) occur in the eighteenth century in 'how-to' gardening books and in the practice of the Danish garden enthusiast Johan Bülow, who created the garden...

  4. Admiral Johan Pitka viimane retk / Heiki Potter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Potter, Heiki, 1934-

    2006-01-01

    Admiral Johan Pitka viimasest retkest 1944. aasta septembris ja tema surma asjaoludest. Soovitused Pitka mälestusretke korraldamiseks. Kaart: Fragment topograafilisest kaardist. Vt. samas: Kohtumine Juhaniga

  5. Ilmus teos "Rektor Johan Kõpp" / Aksel Mark

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mark, Aksel, 1913-2014

    2007-01-01

    rets. rmt.: Rohtmets, Priit. Rektor Johan Kõpp / toimetaja Mart Orav; resümeede tõlge: saksa keelde Reet Bender, inglise keelde Saskia Kangro, vene keelde A&A Lingua; kujundus Kalle Toompere. Tallinn : Aasta Raamat, 2007. 144 lk.

  6. Johan Lindholm: State procedure and union rights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen anmelder Johan Lindholm doktordisputats, der med inspiration fra USA's balance mellem statslige og føderale retssystemer analyserer, hvordan fællesskabsretlige regler og grundprincipper håndhæves ved nationale domstole i EU. Anmeldelsen anerkender disputatsens store videnskabelige værdi,...

  7. Võidufilm on happy / Johan Palmgren ; interv. Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palmgren, Johan

    2004-01-01

    Lõppes Pärnu 18. dokumentaal- ja antropoloogiafilmide festival - võitjaks tuli noorte rootslaste Johan Palmgreni ja Asa Blanchi film "Ebba ja Torgny ehk Armastuse imelised teed". Lisaks "Pärnu festivali auhindu"

  8. The Sound of South Africa: Johan Vlok Louw's Karoo Dusk ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article examines the choices some South African authors have recently made as regards the setting and style of their writing, and the implications of these choices. It looks in some detail at Johan Vlok Louw's Karoo Dusk (2014), and concludes with a brief look at Steven Boykey Sidley's latest novel, Free Association ...

  9. Viljandi lossimägedes kõrgub Johan Laidoneri ratsamonument / Vello Jaska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaska, Vello, 1949-

    2004-01-01

    22. juunil avati Viljandi lossimäe nõlvale püstitatud kindral Johan laidoneri ratsamonument. Avamisel viibisid ka president Arnold Rüütel, peaminister Juhan Parts, kaitseminister Margus Hanson, kaitseväe juhataja Tarmo Kõuts, Viljandi linnapea Malle Vahtra ja Kindral Johan laidoneri seltsi esimees Trivimi Velliste, sõjaväeatasheed ja paljud teised ametlikud isikud. Kommenteerib Kindral Johan laidoneri Seltsi rajaja ja auesimees Rein Randveer

  10. On nähtud nähtamatut = The Invisible has been seen / Johan Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Johan

    2014-01-01

    XIV Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaali peateemaks on "Põhitõed: modernsuse omaksvõtt 1914-2014". Johanna Jõekalda, Johan Tali ja Siim Tuksami kureeritud Eesti ekspositsioon "Vaba ruum" keskendub selle raames kaasaegse avaliku ruumi kirjeldamisele

  11. Johan Kõpu pärand on mitmekülgne / Peep Pillak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pillak, Peep

    2008-01-01

    rets. rmt.: Rohtmets, Priit. Rektor Johan Kõpp / toimetaja Mart Orav; resümeede tõlge: saksa keelde Reet Bender, inglise keelde Saskia Kangro, vene keelde A & A Lingua; kujundus Kalle Toompere. Tallinn : Aasta Raamat, 2007. 144 lk.

  12. Mis võiks olla ühist Johan Laidoneril ja Ingmar Bergmanil / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2008-01-01

    Laretei, Käbi. Kuhu kadus kõik see armastus? : Ingmari kirjad Käbile / tõlge rootsi keelest Anu Saluäär. Tallinn : SE&JS, 2008 ; Laidoner, Johan. Ühtekuuluvuse teel : Johan Laidoneri kirjad abikaasale / koostanud [ja toimetanud] Irene Lään ja Toomas Hiio ; vene keelest tõlkinud Jüri Ojamaa. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008

  13. 'On Light and Sound'. Johan Huizinga and nineteenth-century Linguistics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordegraaf, J.

    1996-01-01

    Not many of his admirers are aware of the fact that the great Dutch historian Johan Huizinga (1872-1945), whose works include The Waning of the Middle Ages, was originally a linguist. As a student, he wanted to follow a career in oriental studies and comparative linguistics. In 1896, he sought to

  14. ‘Pythagoras in boots’: Johan Cruijff and the Construction of Dutch National Identity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hilvoorde, I.M.; Stokvis, R.

    2013-01-01

    Sporting icons perform a key role in the production and reproduction of national identities. In the Netherlands, no one embodies this sentiment more appropriately than Johan Cruijff, regarded by many as one of the finest professional footballers ever to have played the game. Much of the early part

  15. [Johan Eellend. Cultivating the Rural Citizen : Modernity, Agrarianism and Citizenship in Late Tsarist Estonia] / Kersti Lust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lust, Kersti, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Eellend, Johan. Cultivating the Rural Citizien : Modernity, Agrarianism and Citizenship in Late Tsarist Estonia. Stockholm : Stockholm Universty, 2007. Eesti agraarideoloogia kujunemist ja olemust käsitlevast dissertatsioonist. Tegemist on Eesti ühiskondliku mõtte voolude ja nende mõjuulatuse tavapärasest erineva nägemusega

  16. La «romaría» cantata da Johan Servando

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Burgazzi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Il presente articolo è stato tratto dalla mia tesi di laurea magistrale (giugno 2012: “Proposta di edizione critica del canzoniere di Johan Servando”, che si ascrive al progetto di restauro della tradizione lirica gallego-portoghese attraverso la produzione di monografie dedicate ai singoli trovatori. In questo studio si analizzano i canti di pellegrinaggio composti da Johan Servando (giullare, seconda metà sec. XIII, che formano il più voluminoso ciclo di cantigas de romaría dell’intera tradizione, sotto tre punti di vista: il tentativo di ricostruzione di una trama interna che dia senso al ciclo; il confronto con altre cantigas de romaría della tradizione; un esperimento di analisi delle voci liriche con moderne teorie di critica letteraria.This article has been taken from my master dissertation (July 2012: “Proposal for a critical edition of the songbook by Johan Servando”, which is ascribed to a project of production of monographs dedicated to individual troubadours of the Galician-Portuguese lyric tradition. The study analyzes the songs of pilgrimage composed by Johan Servando (jester, second half sec. XIII, which form the most voluminous cycle of cantigas de romaría among the whole tradition, from three points of view: the attempt to reconstruct a plot that gives meaning to the cycle; the comparison with other cantigas de romaría in the tradition; an experiment of analysis of the “lyrical voices” by using modern theories of literary criticism.

  17. Johan de Boose, Het geluk van Rusland. Reis naar het eenzaamste volk op aarde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Metz

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Ces dernières années Johan de Boose, slaviste, poète et romancier, a publié plusieurs livres retraçant ses expéditions en Europe centrale et orientale. Son dernier ouvrage, consacré à la Russie, peut être perçu comme l’apogée de ses récits de voyage. Il y dresse un bilan à la fois élaboré et très personnel de ses rencontres avec la Russie et ses habitants au cours des trois dernières décennies.Het geluk van Rusland (Le bonheur de la Russie appartient au genre du « voyage sentimental » : à l’...

  18. A comet of the enlightenment Anders Johan Lexell's life and discoveries

    CERN Document Server

    Stén, Johan C -E

    2014-01-01

    The Finnish mathematician and astronomer Anders Johan Lexell (1740–1784) was a long-time close collaborator as well as the academic successor of Leonhard Euler at the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg. Lexell was initially invited by Euler from his native town of Abo (Turku) in Finland to Saint Petersburg to assist in the mathematical processing of the astronomical data of the forthcoming transit of Venus of 1769. A few years later he became an ordinary member of the Academy. This is the first-ever full-length biography devoted to Lexell and his prolific scientific output. His rich correspondence especially from his grand tour to Germany, France and England reveals him as a lucid observer of the intellectual landscape of enlightened Europe. In the skies, a comet, a minor planet and a crater on the Moon named after Lexell also perpetuate his memory.

  19. "Interspace" ("Vaba ruum") : Eesti paviljon 14. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil = Interspace : Estonian pavilion at the 14th Venice Architecture biennial / Johanna Jõekalda, Johan Tali, Siim Tuksam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõekalda, Johanna, 1990-

    2015-01-01

    14. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaal 7. juunist kuni 23. novembrini 2014, peakuraator Rem Koolhaas. Eesti paviljoni ekspositsioon "Vaba ruum", kuraatorid Johanna Jõekalda, Johan Tali, Siim Tuksam. 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  20. Habitat, emosie en ’n eko-teologiese verstaan van menswees: In gesprek met Johan Buitendag

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniël P. Veldsman

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Habitat, emotion and an eco-theological understanding of humanity: In conversation with Johan Buitendag. The question on what his viewpoint of an eco-theological understanding of life entails is firstly posed in conversation with the South African systematic theologian Johan Buitendag. His standpoint, in which he argues for the constitutive significance of habitat against the background of the philosophical, biological and theological contours of descriptions of what life is, is set forth. He suggests that human life should be described with regard to habitat in its constitutive significance and subsequently in regard to a value system, and concludes that human life as homo religiosus must be understood from an eco-theological viewpoint as ontologically extended (‘ontologies uitgebreid’. His eco-theological viewpoint is secondly taken up in an explication of the sense making of human life by humans, determined and shaped by their biological roots in their habitat. Lastly the affective-cognitive dimension of being human with specific emphasis on affectivity is expounded as representing the embodiment of the logic of survival of personhood in their habitat.

  1. The rise of the country house in the Dutch Republic : Beyond Johan Huizinga's narrative of Dutch civilisation in the 17th century

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, Yme; Stobart, Jon; Hann, Andrew

    Was the rise of the country house in the Golden Age of the Dutch Republic above all a 'bourgeois' phenomenon, as Johan Huizinga argued in his famous long essay on Dutch civilisation in the seventeenth century. The article shows that not only the merchants and regents of the city of Amsterdam but

  2. Ühe maketinäituse lugu / Alvin Järving, Larissa Kondina, Johan Tali ...[jt.] ; üles kirjutanud Maris Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Näitus "Viini Eksiilid. Helisev arhitektuur" kinos Helios 10-18.09.2011 Tallinna arhitektuuribiennaali raames. Näitusel osalevad arhitektid Alvin Järving, Larissa Kondina, Joanna-Maria Helinurm, Johan Tali, Kadri Kerge, Kadri Tamre, Siim Tuksam ja Sille Pihlak, kes on äsja lõpetanud või õpivad Viini Rakenduskunsti Ülikooli (Universität für Angewandte Kunst Wien) arhitektuurikoolis. Näitusel osalejate mõtteid

  3. Een zwart kleed van schuld. Zoeken naar de herinnering aan Johan van Oldenbarnevelt in een digitaal Dagverhaal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lieke van Deinsen

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false NL X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:Standaardtabel; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} The large-scale digitisation of early modern Dutch texts has proved to be a controversial enterprise: despite its ambitious scope, the project’s efficacy has met with widespread criticism. This article attempts to assess the methodological advantages and drawbacks of mass digitisation by combing the Dagverhaal, a late eighteenth-century periodical detailing the proceedings of the National Assembly of the Batavian Republic, for strategic invocations of Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, the eminent Dutch states-man who had been executed eighty years earlier.

  4. [Johan Engström. Revals Befästningsdhistoria sedd utifrån en maquett från 1682. Statens försvarshistoriska museer 2011. Skrift nr 17. ] / Ragnar Nurk, Robert Treufeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurk, Ragnar

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Johan Engström. Revals Befästningsdhistoria sedd utifrån en maquett från 1682. Statens försvarshistoriska museer 2011. Skrift nr 17. 2011. Rootsi-aegsestest kindlustustest. Hilisema perioodi kindlustustest

  5. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1993-07-30 to 1993-08-15 (NODC Accession 0113559)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113559 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian...

  6. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1992-07-12 to 1992-07-28 (NODC Accession 0113558)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113558 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and...

  7. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, salinity and other variables collected from Surface underway observations using Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer, Shower head chamber equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement and other instruments from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Sea and others from 2007-11-15 to 2008-06-08 (NCEI Accession 0157398)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0157398 includes Surface underway, chemical and physical data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Sea, Norwegian Sea and Skagerrak...

  8. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1997-04-14 to 1997-05-22 (NODC Accession 0113563)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113563 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  9. Biological, physical, nutrients, and other data were collected from bottle casts, CTD casts, net casts, and other instruments from the A.V. HUMBOLDT and the JOHAN HJORT from the Norwegian Sea in support of the Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics from 1993-06-02 to 1993-06-13 (NODC Accession 0000780)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Bottle, CTD, net, and other data were collected from the A.V. HUMBOLDT and the JOHAN HJORT from the Norwegian Sea. Data were collected by multiple institutions in...

  10. Dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1995-04-27 to 1995-05-23 (NODC Accession 0113561)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113561 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  11. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 2000-05-27 to 2000-06-20 (NODC Accession 0115683)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0115683 includes biological, chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea...

  12. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1996-07-20 to 1996-08-05 (NODC Accession 0115688)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115688 includes biological, chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian...

  13. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1993-11-06 to 1993-12-02 (NODC Accession 0115679)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115679 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  14. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1999-06-15 to 1999-07-07 (NODC Accession 0115678)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115678 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the Barents Sea, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian...

  15. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1992-11-05 to 1992-12-01 (NODC Accession 0115403)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115403 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  16. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1994-10-29 to 1994-11-23 (NODC Accession 0115681)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115681 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and...

  17. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1991-11-05 to 1991-11-27 (NODC Accession 0115685)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115685 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  18. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1994-07-23 to 1994-08-16 (NODC Accession 0113560)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113560 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Greenland Sea and...

  19. Dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1994-05-25 to 1994-06-06 (NODC Accession 0113954)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113954 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  20. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1996-10-30 to 1996-11-10 (NODC Accession 0115680)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115680 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  1. Dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1995-11-08 to 1995-11-26 (NODC Accession 0113562)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113562 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  2. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from 1998-08-01 to 1998-08-23 (NODC Accession 0113758)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113758 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from JOHAN HJORT in the North Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea from...

  3. O QUE É O ESPORTE? AS CONTRIBUIÇÕES SEMINAIS DE JOHAN HUIZINGA E ROGER CAILLOIS RESSIGNIFICADAS POR ROLAND BARTHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Marques

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Em 1961, o pensador francês Roland Barthes (1915-1980 publicou o texto “Le sport et les hommes”, a partir de uma encomenda do canadense Hubert Aquin, que realizava um documentário com o mesmo título. O artigo oferece uma análise semiológica sobre a tourada na Espanha (a qual o próprio Barthes não sabe se a inclui na categoria de esporte, o automobilismo nos Estados Unidos, o ciclismo na França, o hóquei no gelo no Canadá e o futebol na Inglaterra. Longe dos termos técnicos das ciências do esporte e do linguajar acadêmico canônico, Barthes procura analisar os significados e a importância que o esporte assumiu na sociedade de massas do século XX, buscando interpretações e correlações entre a prática esportiva e as necessidades vitais do homem na contemporaneidade. Nossas reflexões procuram contrapor a contribuição barthesiana às obras seminais de dois outros autores europeus que, anos antes, propuseram uma leitura original sobre o esporte: são os casos de Johan Huizinga e o livro Homo Ludens (1938, e de Roger Caillois e Os Jogos e os Homens (1957.

  4. Why and How to Read Marx’s “Capital”? Reflections on Johan Fornäs’ Book “Capitalism. A Companion to Marx’s Economy Critique”.

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Fuchs

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a reflection on Johan Fornäs' book “Capitalism. A Companion to Marx’s Economy Critique” - a new introduction to all three volumes of Karl Marx's "Capital". It contextualizes the book with the help a comparison to other contemporary introductions to Marx's "Capital". The reflection is organized in the form of 7 sections: 1) Context 2) Method and Logic of Presentation 3) The Logical and the Historical in Marx’s Works 4) From Karl to Adolf Marx in German Marxist The...

  5. Why and How to Read Marx’s “Capital”? Reflections on Johan Fornäs’ Book “Capitalism. A Companion to Marx’s Economy Critique”.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a reflection on Johan Fornäs' book “Capitalism. A Companion to Marx’s Economy Critique” - a new introduction to all three volumes of Karl Marx's "Capital". It contextualizes the book with the help a comparison to other contemporary introductions to Marx's "Capital". The reflection is organized in the form of 7 sections: 1 Context 2 Method and Logic of Presentation 3 The Logical and the Historical in Marx’s Works 4 From Karl to Adolf Marx in German Marxist Theory? 5 Visualization 6 Crises 7 Read this Book!

  6. Die lewensvatbaarheid van 'n slaghuisfranchise / deur Johan Smit

    OpenAIRE

    Smit, Johan

    2009-01-01

    Die Suid-Afrikaanse rooivleisindustrie is lomp en wyd. Een van die redes vir hierdie toedrag van sake is die verskeie rolspelers in die industrie. 'n Moontlike oplossing vir hierdie probleem is die vertikale integrasie-sisteem gerugsteun deur 'n lewensvatbare franchise in die kleinhandelsektor. Die studie fokus op die lewensvatbaarheid van 'n slaghuisfranchise. Daar moet egter ook bepaal word of 'n slaghuis wei gefranchise kan word, voordat die lewensvatbaarheid van 'n slaghuisfranchise be...

  7. De betekenis van Johan Buitendags stellingname in theologie der ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Buitendag's holism is more Quinean as a comprehensive relative approach, bottom-up from contemporary insights within different academic disciplines. His theological approach looks like an ellipsis, involving both an ontological and epistemological focus. He defends (Trinitarian) communion as the primary concept, ...

  8. De betekenis van Johan Buitendags stellingname in theologie der natuur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luco J. van den Brom

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the importance of Buitendag’s stance in the so-called ‘theology of nature’. His theological statements endeavour to understand reality in conversation with other academic disciplines to see things in a wider and holistic perspective. Following a suggestion of Moltmann, theology must not restrict itself to internal ecclesiastical and personal faith topics but search for ‘the truth of the whole’. It is argued that Buitendag’s concept of holism is different from Moltmann’s ‘the truth of the whole’. Moltmann’s holism is eschatologically directed after history, but is meaningless in a contemporary debate. His concept of history seems to be problematic too. Buitendag’s holism is more Quinean as a comprehensive relative approach, bottom-up from contemporary insights within different academic disciplines. His theological approach looks like an ellipsis, involving both an ontological and epistemological focus. He defends (Trinitarian communion as the primary concept, ontologically, which biologists may recognise in their observations of animal communities too. His theology shows a panentheistic perspective for the discourse on divine immanent agency by using as analogy the mind-body relationship in a sophisticated way. Buitendag shows the importance of this perspective for theological hermeneutics. This article presents some logical and theological problems in a panentheistic view which some prominent supporters defend as ‘reality depicting’. Buitendag avoids this because of a relational ontology.

  9. Johan OOsthuizen and Hester Naber Department of Afrikaans ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    like NP, VP, etc. both conform to X-bar theory. That. 23. Stellenbosch Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 28, 1994, 21-43 .... infinite) recursion of the string XP + ~ in (1). This can be illustrated with the examples in (11). .... of the analysis presented in section 2, the string se + HP in the construction (1) forms a single constituent -- a DP ...

  10. De betekenis van Johan Buitendags stellingname in theologie der ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    29 juli 2016 ... zich aan ons voordoet (Kants 'Wirklichkeit als Erscheinung'), maar over het geheel der dingen. 'soos dit kwansuis is' (Buitendag 2013:1). In Buitendags visie betekent dit dat systematische theologie probeert te begrijpen hoe de werkelijkheid in elkaar steekt wanneer wij daarmee geconfronteerd worden.

  11. Johan Benadie : Eesti tööstusfirmadel maailmaklassini veel pikk tee astuda / Johan Benadie ; interv. Raul Kalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Benadie, Johan

    2004-01-01

    Eesti tööstusettevõtteid külastas tööstusettevõtetele suunatud koolitusprogrammi "20 Keys" eestvedaja. "20 Keys" aitab Benadie sõnul tööstusettevõte tootlikkust suurendada. Lisa: Mis on "20 Keys"

  12. Environmental investigations preceding the hydroelectric project Johan Dahl Land Narssaq, 1982. Miljoe-undersoegelser for vandkraftprojekt Johan Dahl Land Narssaq, 1982

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1983-01-01

    This report presents the results of an environmental study carried out in the Qingua/Tunugliarfik Fiord area north of Narssarssuaq in July-October, 1982. The field work in the area included hydrographic investigations in the Tunugliarfik Fiord, fishery investigations in the Qingua river and a survey of the area likely to be affected by a hydro-electric plant. Information on commercial and sport fishing, hunting, sheep-farming, tourism, and conservation interests was also collected. The hydrographic investigations have shown that the inner part of Tunugliarfik is dominated by the estuarine circulation in the upper layer clearly influenced by the Qoroq Fiord. The lower 5 km of the river contain a large population of arctic char. The size of the migrating stock, i.e. excluding young and residual fish, is estimated at 10.000 - 20.000 fish. A series of waterfalls in the end of the Qingua valley constrains migrating fish to the lower river area. Beyond the falls two separate populations of stream-resident arctic char are found. Another non-migrant population is found in the Nordbo/Storesoe area. The arctic char fishery is locally of great importance. The fishery, which is carried out by use of gill net, is particularly extensive in the inner part of the Tunugliarfik Fiord. The Qiangua valley is also a popular site for anglers coming to the area by a daily boat from the hotel in Narssarssuaq. Besides char, great quantities of Greenland cod and Greenland halibut are caught in the fiord. The major part of the catch is consumed locally.

  13. Viini (t)ööelust = On work and (night)life in Vienna / Johan Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Johan

    2012-01-01

    Vaadeldakse noortele loomeinimestele kuuluvaid stuudiokodusid ja ateljeesid Viinis (Atelier Madame Mohr, Büro für Mehr jt.), noorte arhitektide loometegevust pärast tööpäeva suurtes arhitektuuribüroodes. Eesmärgiks on oma oskuste ja töömeetodite arendamine. Uutest büroomudelitest

  14. Who Gets into Government? Coalition Formation in European Democracies / Holger Döring, Johan Hellström

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Döring, Holger

    2013-01-01

    Valitsuste formeerumise erinev dünaamika 26 euroopa demokraatias (sealhulgas Eesti). Esimene valitsuses osalemise otsustavate tegurite süstemaatiline võrdlus ja erinevused Ida- ja Lääne-Euroopa riikide vahel

  15. The impact of job and organisational characteristics on engagement at work in a petrochemical company / Christian Johan Goosen

    OpenAIRE

    Goosen, Christian Johan

    2010-01-01

    In today's tough economic environment, companies are forced to work more efficiently and effectively with the resources they have at their disposal. At the same time companies are struggling to attract and retain good people with the necessary attributes and skills in order for them to remain competitive. The challenge today is not just retaining talented people, but fully engaging them, capturing their minds and hearts at each stage of their work lives. Employee engagement has emerged as a c...

  16. Towards a transformed defence industry that contributes to the growth of the South African economy. Based on research performed by Johan Strydom

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Pienaar, Erlank

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available IfM Education and Consultancy Services 13 Why public investment in RTOs is justified MARKET FAILURES ADDRESSED BY RTOs Source: Introduction to Technology & Innovation Management Strategy and Policy University of Cambridge... vision for the RSA defence industry • A proposed strategy for realising the vision • Exciting opportunites and initiatives • The way forward 3 Defence budget Source: Briefing on Draft Def Ind Strategy Helmoed Römer Heitman...

  17. Government, market and community in urban solid waste management; problems and potentials in the transition to sustainable development?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, J.; Baud, I.S.A.; Baud, I.S.A.; Furedy, C.; Post, J.

    2004-01-01

    -Post, Johan and Isa Baud (2004) Government, market and community in urban solid waste management; problems and potentials in the transition to sustainable development? in: Baud, Isa., Johan. Post and Christine Furedy (2004) Solid Waste Management and Rec

  18. Evolving partnerships in the collection of urban solid waste in the developing world

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, J.; Baud, I.S.A.; Furedy, C.; Post, J.

    2004-01-01

    -Post, Johan. (2004) Evolving Partnerships in the Collection of Urban Solid Waste in the Developing World, in: Baud, Isa., Johan. Post and Christine Furedy (2004) Solid Waste Management and Recycling; Actors, Partnerships and Policies in Hyderabad, India

  19. "A bare outpost of learned European culture on the edge of the jungles of Java": Johan Maurits Mohr (1716-1775) and the emergence of instrumental and institutional science in Dutch colonial Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuidervaart, Huib J; Van Gent, Rob H

    2004-03-01

    The transits of Venus in 1761 and 1769 appear to mark the starting point of instrumental science in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia). This essay examines the conditions that triggered and constituted instrumental and institutional science on Indonesian soil in the late eighteenth century. In 1765 the Reverend J. M. Mohr, whose wife had received a large inheritance, undertook to build a fully equipped private observatory in Batavia (now Jakarta). There he made several major astronomical and meteorological observations. Mohr's initiative inspired other Europeans living on Java around 1770 to start a scientific movement. Because of the lack of governmental and other support, it was not until 1778 that this offspring of the Dutch-Indonesian Enlightenment became a reality. The Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen tried from the beginning to put into effect the program Mohr had outlined. The members even bought his instruments from his widow, intending to continue his measurements. For a number of reasons, however, this instrumental program was more than the society could support. Around 1790 instrumental science in the former Dutch East Indies came to a standstill, not to be resumed for several decades.

  20. Solid waste management and recycling : actors, partnerships and policies in Hyderabad, India and Nairobi, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, J.; Baud, I.S.A.; Furedy, C.

    2004-01-01

    Solid waste management and recycling : actors, partnerships and policies in Hyderabad, India and Nairobi, Kenya / ed. by Isa Baud, Johan Post and Christine Furedy Author: Isabelle Suzanne Antoinette Baud; Johan Post Year: cop. 2004 Publisher: Dordrecht [etc.] : Kluwer Academic Publishers Series: The

  1. Baltimaad Veneetsias / Kaili Kannel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kannel, Kaili

    2016-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Leedu ühisprojekt "Balti Atlas" 15. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaalil. Biennaali üldteemaks on "Sõnumeid rindejoonelt", peakuraatoriks Tšiili arhitekt Alejandro Aravena, Eesti poolseks kuraatoriks Johan Tali

  2. Ale nám Písmo ukazuje tajemství. Biblické aluze v cyklu Truchlivý Jana Amose Komenského

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Havelka, Tomáš

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 5, č. 2 (2013), s. 225-242 ISSN 1804-1132 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Bible * Johan Amos Comenius * quotations * Czech consolatory writings * Truchlivý * Mournful Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  3. Calvin and the confessions of the Reformation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-04-29

    -. Nuremberg, Germany. He is participating as research fellow of Prof. Dr Johan. Buitendag, Dean of the. Faculty of Theology of the. University of Pretoria, South. Africa. This article represents a reworked version of a.

  4. Ivari Ilja 50 / Leelo Kõlar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõlar, Leelo, 1927-

    2009-01-01

    Ivari Ilja ja tema õpilased Mihkel Poll, Sten Lassmann, Maksim Štšura, Johan Randvere ja Jaan Kapp ERSO ees, dirigent Mihhail Gerts 15. mail Estonia kontserdisaalis ja 16. mail Pärnu kontserdimajas

  5. Physical activity: genes & health

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Carl Johan SUNDBERG is an Associate Professor in Physiology and Licenced Physician. His research focus is Molecular mechanisms involved in the adaptation of human skeletal muscle to physical activity.

  6. EASS ja Eesti Sõjamuuseum / Leho Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Leho, 1953-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Sõjamuuseumi ajaloost, muuseumi taastamisest. 15. septembril 1993 loodi Viimsi vallavolikogu otsusega Viimsi Muuseumi juurde filiaalina Kindral Laidoneri Muuseum, mis avati pidulikult Johan Laidoneri 110. sünniaastapäeval 12. veebruaril 1994. aastal

  7. Ärimehed lennukitüüri taga / Küllike Rooväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rooväli, Küllike, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Copterline Eesti terminali juht Tõnis Lepp ja Eesti Esimese Aeronautikaklubi juht Johan Pender lendamisest, lennuõpetusest. Lisad: Eralenduri õpe Eestis; Erapiloodi kursus. Vt. samas: Kooliõpetajast saab vaheajal lendur [intervjuu Eesti Era- ja Harrastuspilootide Liidu esimehe Hendrik Aguriga

  8. Abutting Absence : Love Letters from Two Eras / Tiina Kirss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirss, Tiina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Irene Lääne ja Toomas Hiio koostatud raamatust "Ühtekuuluvuse teel : Johan Laidoneri kirjad abikaasale" (Tallinn : Varrak, 2008) ja Käbi Laretei raamatust "Kuhu kadus kõik see armastus?" (Tallinn : SE & JS, 2008)

  9. Language did not spring forth 100,000 years ago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, Philip

    2015-02-01

    In response to an Essay by Johan Bolhuis and co-authors, Phillip Lieberman contends that rather than arising from a key recent innovation ("merge"), language arose by gradual evolution of ancient capabilities.

  10. Language did not spring forth 100,000 years ago.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Lieberman

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In response to an Essay by Johan Bolhuis and co-authors, Phillip Lieberman contends that rather than arising from a key recent innovation ("merge", language arose by gradual evolution of ancient capabilities.

  11. Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holzhacker, Ronald; Wittek, Rafael; Woltjer, Johan

    2016-01-01

    I. Theoretical Reflections on Decentralization and Governance for Sustainable Society 1. Decentralization and Governance for Sustainable Society in Indonesia Ronald Holzhacker, Rafael Wittek and Johan Woltjer 2. Good Governance Contested: Exploring Human Rights and Sustainability as Normative Goals

  12. NVO combineert beste van DPS, DPST en PBI tot nieuwe totaalindex. DPS verdwijnt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arendonk, van J.A.M.

    2006-01-01

    De duurzameprestatiesom, DPS, gaat mogelijk nog dit jaar verdwijnen. Ervoor in de plaats komt een nieuwe totaalindex, waarin ook functioneel exterieur een onderdeel zal zijn. Fokkerijprofessor Johan van Arendonk licht de achtergronden toe van de nieuwe totaalindex

  13. Kindrali saatus : Lavastus kindral Laidonerist jõuab Ameerika Ühendriikidesse / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart

    2008-01-01

    Mart Kivastiku lavastusest "Sõdur" - Johan Laidoneri viimastest aastatest. Etendust mängitakse New Yorgis, Baltimores, Chicagos ja Los Angeleses New Yorgi Eesti Kultuuripäevade 2008 raames. Artikkel sisaldab eluloolisi andmeid Johan Laidonerist, tema naisest Mariast, Konstantin Pätsist ja August Reist ning fakte NSV Liidu ettevalmistustöödest terrori vallandamiseks, rahvusliku eliidi kavakindlaks hävitamiseks juba enne Eesti okupeerimist

  14. U.S. Army Medical Bioengineering Research and Development Laboratory Annual Progress Report FY 1985. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-10-01

    Dental Corps, Malaysian Armed Forces; MAJ Johan van Geyzel, Malaysian Embassy, Washington, DC 7 March - BG Dato Chen Kwee Fong, Chief of Engineers... Malaysian Armed Forces; MAJ Johan van Geyzel, Malaysian Embassy, MAJ Tairobi bin Abdul Razak, Malaysian Army 2 July - BG William 0. Rodgers, Australian Army...and Diets for Culturing and Testing with Daphnia magna." Paper presented at the Ninth Symposium of Aquatic Toxicology and Environmental Fate sponsored

  15. Det danske landskab. De danske malere på J.C. Dahls tid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Monrad, Kasper

    Om værker af Jens Juel, C.W. Eckersberg, J.C. Dahl, Thomas Fearnley, Christen Købke, Johan Thomas Lundbye, Peter Christian Skovgaard, Dankvart Dreyer, Vilhelm Kyhn, Janus la Cour......Om værker af Jens Juel, C.W. Eckersberg, J.C. Dahl, Thomas Fearnley, Christen Købke, Johan Thomas Lundbye, Peter Christian Skovgaard, Dankvart Dreyer, Vilhelm Kyhn, Janus la Cour...

  16. New urban theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønlund, Bo

    2002-01-01

    Concept of urbanity, urban theory a short overview, Johan Asplund, William Whyte, Henri Lefebvre, Richard Serenelt, Bill Hillrer and Spree Syntax Analyses. Forelæsningsnoter til kursus 3.314 i 2001 og 3.308 i 2002.......Concept of urbanity, urban theory a short overview, Johan Asplund, William Whyte, Henri Lefebvre, Richard Serenelt, Bill Hillrer and Spree Syntax Analyses. Forelæsningsnoter til kursus 3.314 i 2001 og 3.308 i 2002....

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Illnesses of Herod the Great. Francois P Retief, Johan F G Cilliers. Herod the Great, ldumean by birth, was king ofthe Jews from 40 to 4 BC. An able statesman, builder and warrior, he ruthlessly stamped out all perceived opposition to his rule. His last decade was characterised by vicious strife within ...

  18. Veneetsiasse biennaalile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    14. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaali (peakuraator: Rem Koolhaas, peateema: "Fundamentals. Absorbing Modernity 1914-2014") Eesti ekspositsiooni kuraatorivõistluse võitis töö "Vaba ruum", mille autoriteks on Johanna Jõekalda, Johan Tali ja Siim Tuksam. Eesti ekspositsiooni komissar on Ülar Mark

  19. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (77th, Atlanta, Georgia, August 10-13, 1994). Part VIII: Advertising and Public Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The Advertising and Public Relations section of this collection of conference presentations contains the following 17 papers: "Using the FCB Grid and the 'Lost Quadrants' to Write Advertising Strategy" (Johan C. Yssel); "Antitrust and the Marketplace of Ideas: The Continuing Problem of Issue Advertising Access to Broadcast…

  20. Quaestiones Mathematicae - Vol 26, No 4 (2003)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The metric theory of the tensor products (Grothendieck's Résumé Revisited) Part 5: Injective and projective tensor norms · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Joe Diestel, Jan Fourie, Johan Swart, 479-499 ...

  1. Õed arhitektuuris / Kadri Karro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karro, Kadri

    2011-01-01

    Viinis õppinud eesti arhitektide loomingut tutvustav maketinäitus "Viini eksiilid. Helisev arhitektuur" endises Heliose kinosaalis Tallinnas, kuraator Maris Kerge. Näitusel osalevad Alvin Järving, Larissa Kondina, Joanna-Maria Helinurm, Johan Tali, Kadri Kerge, Kadri Tamre, Siim Tuksam, Sille Pihlak. Kadri Kerge arhitektuuriõpingutest Viinis ja Los Angeleses, magistritööst "Toxic Garden"

  2. (1818-1858). Die kerklike Afskeiding wat in 1859 in Suid-Afrika ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    *)Dr. G. Keizer: De Afscheiding van 1834, b)s. 51-94-. *) P. J. Meertens: Johan Willem Vygeboom, in Neder). Archief voor Kerkgeschie denis, N S. XXVII 1935, Ms. 32; A. Blokhuis, Uit de Oude Doos. Wat een eeuw geleden te Bunschoten en Spakenburg geschied is, bts. 180-184-. ') Verskillende voorbeelde kan gevind word, ...

  3. Rüdiger von der Goltzi ja Ludvig Jakobseni kohtumine 1938. aastal / [eessõna autor Agur Benno] / eessõna autor Benno Agur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    21. detsembril 1938 kohtusid Berliinis Eesti sõjaväeata̧ee kolonel Ludvig Karl Jakobsen ning riigisakslasest kindral krahv Rüdiger von der Goltz. Kirjalik dokument sellest kohtumisest jõudis kindral Johan Laidonerini, kes lisas sellel oma kommentaari. Arutlusteemaks olid 1919. aasta sündmused. - Lisa: Johann Laidoneri kommentaar

  4. Orbital Models and Electronic Structure Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linderberg, Jan

    2012-01-01

    This tribute to the work by Carl Johan Ballhausen focuses on the emergence of quantitative means for the study of the electronic properties of complexes and molecules. Development, refinement and application of the orbital picture elucidated electric and magnetic features of ranges of molecules...

  5. Activation as a socio-economic and legal concept: Laboratorium the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sol, E.; Sichert, M.; van Lieshout, H.; Koning, T.; Eichhorst, W.; Kaufmann, O.; Konle-Seidl, R.

    2008-01-01

    As a famous expression by Johan Cruijff — European soccer player of the century and Dutch icon — goes, "each con has its pro." In the case of welfare for the Netherlands, the con was what was called ‘The Dutch disease.’ The pro was that the disease prompted the Dutch government to engage in creative

  6. Strateegia reaalajas / Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Taivo, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    Uudsete ärijuhtimise meetodite uurimise ja rakendusettevõtte Imagination Lab Foundationi direktori Johan Roosi "tõsise mängu" teooriast, mille kohaselt strateegiline planeerimine ettevõtetes peaks toimuma mängides, kuna see on üks parimaid viise kujutlusvõime stimuleerimiseks. Lisa: Juhised tõsiseks mänguks

  7. Admiral Pitka monument valmib 17. veebruariks / Dagne Hanschmidt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanschmidt, Dagne

    2007-01-01

    Eesti väejuhi, Kaitseliidu asutaja ja Eesti sõjalaevastiku looja admiral Johan Pitka (1872-1944) mälestusmärgi (autor Tõnu Maarand) saatusest. Tallinnas Hirvepargis on alanud arhitekt Mart Kadariku projekti järgi ausamba paigaldamise eeltööd

  8. Leids KNOOPpunt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frijns, Johan H.M.

    2006-01-01

    This inaugural lecture was held on the occasion of the official installation of Johan H.M. Frijns (ENT-surgeon and Physicist) as professor of Otorhinolaryngology. The title "Leids KNOOPpunt" means "Leiden Nodal Point", to emphasize the multidisciplinary character of the ENT-field. In addition it is

  9. Interview with Patrick Blackburn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent F.; Hansen, Pelle Guldborg

    2005-01-01

    In 2005 Patrick Blackburn, who is Directeur de Recherche for INRIA Lorraine (France's national organization for research in computer science), published together with Johan Bos (Università di Roma "La Sapienza") the book Representation and Inference for Natural Language: A First Course in Computa...

  10. Iz žyttievoho šliaxu ognoho istoryka (movoznavči zmanhannia Heuzinxy zamolodu)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordegraaf, J.

    2006-01-01

    Having learned some Hebrew and Arabic at grammar school, Johan Huizinga (1872-1945) intended to study Arabic in Leiden, but his father did not approve of this idea for financial reasons. So, the young Huizinga enrolled as a student of Dutch at Groningen University in September 1891. In those days,

  11. What has Lapland to do with Tshwane? Ethics as the bridge ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article explores the question: what does it mean to do theology in South Africa today? It does so in three parts based on a narrative account of the author's relationship with Johan Heyns from 1972–1990. In the first, the focus is on the reasons for and the significance of the transition of the Dogmatologiese ...

  12. O jogo do mestre e da discípula segundo Ana Hatherly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Alexandre Barros Teixeira

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O Mestre, de Ana Hatherly (1963, é um romance construído numa estrutura similar à dos jogos, com uma ordem, objetivos e regras específicas. Este artigo faz uma análise do caráter lúdico daobra a partir das formulações teóricas de Johan Huizinga.

  13. Mångfaldsmedveten pedagogik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Mattsson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tina Mattsson recenserar:Mångfaldsmedveten pedagogik för universitetslärare (2011, av Johan Wickström, Rapport nr 10, Avdelningen för universitetspedagogisk utveckling, Uppsala universitet, ISSN 1652-084X 

  14. Colourless Whiteness in Post Apartheid South Africa: Zakes Mda's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    0710377m

    2015-12-01

    Dec 1, 2015 ... character, Johan, who is ancestrally Dutch, but whose inclination is now to the scapes of ... stay in Holland is full of high sense of physical and psychological ...... „Citizenship Education for Sustainable Development in Initial Teacher ... Journal of Black Studies, 34, 6, African Descendants in Brazil, 861-880.

  15. Koolid saavad tagasi algusaegade väärikuse / Mari Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Mari

    2003-01-01

    Artur Perna projekteeritud Tallinna 21. keskkooli hoone renoveerimisprojekti autor on Raul Järg, sisekujundaja Toomas Korb, lühtrite disainer Tõnis Vellama. Edgar Johan Kuusiku projekteeritud Lenderi tütarlastegümnaasiumi (Tallinna kesklinna vene gümnaasium) renoveerimisprojekti autor on Andres Põime, sisekujundaja Tiiu Truus

  16. The nature of intractable conflict: Resolution in the twenty-first century

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    man's violent aggressive nature which could result in warlike actions and responses. Using examples from primatology, Mitchell is able to suggest how environments impact on later human behaviour. Chapter two explains, using Johan Galtung's triangular model of conflict structure. (a constant theme throughout the book), ...

  17. CQ No. 25

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SA Crime Quarterly no 34 • December 2010. 41. Johan Burger (JB): One of the many outstanding successes ... section 49 of the Criminal Procedure Act that governs the legal use of deadly force to effect an arrest, and ... research have linked directly to weaknesses in internal command and control. How do you see changing ...

  18. Willem J Kolff (1911-2009): physician, inventor and pioneer: father of artificial organs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrissey, Megan

    2012-08-01

    Medical pioneer Willem Johan Kolff was an inspirational father, son, physician and inventor. He founded the development of the first kidney dialysis machine, pioneered advances in the heart and lung machine, laid down the foundations for the first mainland blood bank in Europe and successfully implanted the first artificial heart into humans.

  19. Pärimuskultuurist kultuurisümboliks : saami etnograafia ja seto eepose saamislugu / Kristin Kuutma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuutma, Kristin, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    Ülevaade saami asualast, elukeskkonnast, elatusviisidest ja muutustest kultuuriprotsessis. Johan Turi kui esimese saamikeelse ilukirjandusliku autori ja Emilie Demant Hatti koostöös valminud teosest "Muitalus sámiid birra" (Jutustus saamidest). Setode ajaloost ja taustast eepose-projekti kujunemisele, pärimuse kogumine. Rahvalauliku Anne Vabarna poolt esitatud setu rahvuseeposest "Pekolanõ" (Peko)

  20. Visit by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

    CERN Multimedia

    Guillaume, Jeanneret

    2014-01-01

    NTNU Pro-Rector Johan E. Hustad and CERN Director for Research and Computing Sergio Bertolucci signed an agreement between NTNU and CERN for the establishment of the a new Business Incubation Centre of CERN technology to be established in Trondheim, Norway. An agreement to strengthen the collaboration on student created spin-offs was also signed.

  1. from Anatase to Rutile Nanorods

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NJD

    thermal6,7) lyophilization, laser ablation, electrodeposition and a range of ... nucleation,5,16 surface protection,15,16,23 and proposals that the reaction can fall ..... Nanoparticles, M.Sc. thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, Johan- nesburg ...

  2. Institutionalized Mutuality in Canada-China Management Education Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Shuguang; Liu, Xianjun

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the Canada-China Management Education Program (CCMEP, 1983-1996) between the University of Toronto (UT) and Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST). In this paper, we create a "Three Levels/Four Parameters" analytical framework, based on the concept of mutuality from Johan Galtung (1980) and the concept…

  3. Did the American Herbartians Have a Research Base?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westfall, Barry H.

    The origins of the Herbartian Movement began with the writings of Johan Friedrich Herbart (1776-1841), a German philosopher and educator. He believed that, through instruction, the mind and morals of the child could be molded. For this purpose, ideas are available from two sources: experience, which furnishes knowledge of nature, and social…

  4. Formative Education: To Walter Asmus in Honor of his 85th Birthday.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geissler, Erich E.

    1989-01-01

    Reflects upon Johan F. Herbart's pedagogical theory of formative education, finding evidence of its acceptance today. Notes, however, that educators are not content with allowing students to translate their learning in an independent fashion, but add forms of social learning to Herbart's conception. (KO)

  5. A Commentary on Education and Sustainable Development Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterling, Stephen

    2016-01-01

    The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are viewed in the context of Johan Rockström's work on planetary boundaries at the Stockholm Resilience Centre. This work sets a double challenge to educational policy and practice: to embrace and help achieve the Goals, but also to work towards a deeper change in consciousness which can reconcile people…

  6. [Raamat] / Raimo Pullat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullat, Raimo, 1935-

    2008-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Johans Kristofs Broce. Z̋ṁjumi un apraksti 4. Sejums. Latvijas Mazś pilsṫas un lauki. Manuskriptu publiç̇anai sagatavojis Dr. hist. Muntis Auns. R̋ga, 2007. Johann Christoph Brotze unikaalset kollektsiooni käsitleva entsüklopeedilise suurteose neljandast (viimasest) osast

  7. Tallinna raearhiivi kasutamisest 16. sajandil / Juhan Kreem

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreem, Juhan

    2008-01-01

    Esimene kogu arhiivi paiknemist ja olukorda iseloomustav tekst pärineb aastast 1840 Fr. G. von Bungelt. Käesoleva artikli autor vaatleb Tallinna raearhiivi kroonikakirjutajate seisukohast. Tallinna 16. sajandi olulised kroonikud olid Johan Gellinckhusen ja Balthasar Russow, kes mõlemad rõhutasid linna konfrontatsiooni aadelkonnaga. Vastavasisulise dokumentatsiooni kasutamisest kroonikute poolt nende tegutsemisajale eelnenud perioodist. Linna privileegide kajastamisest Russowi kroonikas

  8. Art of Play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Froes, Isabel Cristina G.; Walker, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    Play is a key element in cultural development, according to the Dutch historian Johan Huizinga. Nowadays many of us interact with other people in online games and social networks, through multiple digital devices. But harnessing playful activities for museum learning is mostly undeveloped. In thi...

  9. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Author Details. Journal Home > Advanced Search > Author Details. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. ... Vol 45 (2016) - Articles From vectors to waves and streams: An alternative approach to semantic maps1. Abstract PDF · Vol 48 (2017) - Articles Introduction: 'n Klein ietsie for Johan Oosthuizen

  10. The Saga of South African POWs in Angola, 1975-82

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gary baines

    1976-04-29

    Apr 29, 1976 ... Johan van der Mescht is the subject of the short documentary ..... about the POWs would take effect from 27 February.37 But this belated .... case that he was critical of press censorship and that he took his role as 'watchdog'.

  11. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    affirmation identitaire à l'humanisme universel, Abstract PDF. G Sawadogo. Vol 54, No 1 (2017), Poetic devices as part of the trauma narrative in Country of My Skull, Abstract PDF. Johan Anker. Vol 44, No 1 (2007), Poetry and cultural identity in F. T. ...

  12. Dahlbeck and Pure Ontology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackenzie, Jim

    2016-01-01

    This article responds to Johan Dahlbeck's "Towards a pure ontology: Children's bodies and morality" ["Educational Philosophy and Theory," vol. 46 (1), 2014, pp. 8-23 (EJ1026561)]. His arguments from Nietzsche and Spinoza do not carry the weight he supposes, and the conclusions he draws from them about pedagogy would be…

  13. South African Medical Journal - Vol 107, No 12 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The world's first human-to-human heart transplant at Groote Schuur Hospital: 50 years later · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Johan Brink, Tim Pennel, Karen Seele, Peter Zilla, 1035-1036 ...

  14. The world's first human-to-human heart transplant at Groote Schuur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The world's first human-to-human heart transplant at Groote Schuur Hospital: 50 years later. Johan Brink, Tim Pennel, Karen Seele, Peter Zilla. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO ...

  15. Meanings of Education under Occupation: The Shifting Motivations for Education in Palestinian Refugee Camps in the West Bank

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pherali, Tejendra; Turner, Ellen

    2018-01-01

    Despite being a protracted refugee crisis that entails international debates and controversies, discussions about Palestinian education have frequently sidelined the perspectives, needs and priorities of the Palestinian refugee population. Drawing upon a qualitative study in the West Bank and engaging with theoretical ideas of Johan Galtung, Paulo…

  16. Exergaming: Meaningful Play for Older Adults?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loos, E.; Zhou, J.; Salvendy, G.

    2017-01-01

    Dutch historian Johan Huizinga viewed games as a fundamental aspect of life. As long ago as 1938, he observed that, next to “homo faber” (man the maker), there is also the concept of “homo ludens” (man the player). The aim of this paper is to explore what we can learn from previously conducted

  17. The making of S{u00E1mi ethnography : contested authorities and negotiated representations / Kristin Kuutma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuutma, Kristin, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Vaadeldakse saami autori Johan Turi raamatut Muitalus s{u00E1miid birra (1910) ja selle tõlget taani keelede Emilie Demant Hatti poolt ning uuritakse, millist autoritaarsust ja kultuurilist poeetikat see peegeldab ja millist sotsiaalset ja kultuurilist kriitikat ta edasi arendab

  18. Play and playfulness, basic features of early childhood education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Singer, E.

    2013-01-01

    This article argues that play and playfulness are basic features in early childhood education, but that play curricula can have serious drawbacks. The starting point is the play theory of the Dutch historian Johan Huizinga, a radical critic of the focus on the educational benefits of play. According

  19. Arhitektuurivõistlus 21. sajandi kodu Lahemaal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Hinnang peapreemia pälvinud töödele "Ranna-Niidu" (Mikk Mutso), "Sirmik" (Maarja Elm, Sten Ader), "Akupunktuur" (Lidia Zarudnaja, Martin Noorväli, Urmas Paul) ja "Adaptsioon" (Kristjan Tõlk, Olavi Kukk, Heleriin Vaher) ning eripreemia pälvinud töödele "Greg" (Eve Komp, Artur Staškevitš) ja "Potjomkin" (Johan Tali)

  20. Strindbergi õhtu Rahvusraamatukogu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Täna toimub Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus rootsi kirjaniku Johan August Strindbergi 115. sünniaastapäevale pühendatud kirjandusõhtu. Esinevad Ülev Aaloe ja Irja Vaher. Vt. ka Looming, 2004, nr. 3, lk. 474

  1. Tulev aasta toob kaheksanda "Baltoscandali" / M. T.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    M. T.

    2005-01-01

    8.-9. dets. on Rakvere teatris Johan Simonsi lavastus "Hääled" mille autor on Pier Paolo Pasolini. Neljas rollis belgia-hollandi näitleja Jeroen Willems. Samadel päevadel on Rakveres 28.06.-2.07.2006 toimuva teatrifestivali tutvustus

  2. Baltoscandal tuleb "Häältega" / Inna Grünfeldt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grünfeldt, Inna, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    8.-9. dets. on Rakvere teatris Johan Simonsi lavastus "Hääled" mille autor on Itaalia režissöör ja kirjanik Pier Paolo Pasolini. Neljas rollis belgia-hollandi näitleja Jeroen Willems. Samadel päevadel oli Rakveres 28.06.-2.07.2006 toimuva teatrifestivali tutvustus

  3. Tants valguse laval / Aili Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aili

    2013-01-01

    Valgustid Milanos toimunud messil "Euroluce 2013". Mihkel Masso ja Johan Tali paberlennukitest inspireeritud laevalgustid "Hetk". Tarmo Luisu valgusti "Spider" ja valgustisari "Toila", Tõnis Vellama valgusti "Aero", Tõnis Vellama ja Kalju Palo seinavalgusti "Retro", Triin Kõivupuu ja Eva Prüüsi valgustisari "Lill"

  4. Van Homo Ludens naar Homo Turisticus: regressie of stap in de menselijke evolutie?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lengkeek, J.

    2009-01-01

    In zijn afscheidsrede wilde hoogleraar Jaap Lengkeek (Wageningen Universiteit) terugblikken op een idee, een begrip, dat op zijn eigen werk de afgelopen jaren invloed heeft gehad. Het begrip dat hij hiervoor koos is 'Homo Ludens', de spelende mens, dat door de bekende historicus Johan Huizinga in

  5. Against "Ressentiment": Response to Mackenzie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlbeck, Johan

    2016-01-01

    Johan Dahlbeck works as senior lecturer at Malmo University. His research interest is in the philosophy of education, focusing especially on ethics and the pedagogical implications of Spinoza's philosophy. In this article, he responds to Jim Mackenzie's "Dahlbeck and Pure Ontology" (EJ1105980), which was written in reply to his…

  6. How We Can Win the Long War: A New Interagency Approach to the GWOT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe states, “Boldness has genius, power, and magic in it. Begin it now.” 17...Case for Strengthening the Department of State” 1 16 Schwarzkopf, Norman, “Famous Military Quotes”, 1 17 Goethe , Johan Wolfgang Van, Famous

  7. Logic and Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella; Gierasimczuk, Nina; de Jong, Dick

    2014-01-01

    Learning and learnability have been long standing topics of interests within the linguistic, computational, and epistemological accounts of inductive in- ference. Johan van Benthem’s vision of the “dynamic turn” has not only brought renewed life to research agendas in logic as the study of inform......Learning and learnability have been long standing topics of interests within the linguistic, computational, and epistemological accounts of inductive in- ference. Johan van Benthem’s vision of the “dynamic turn” has not only brought renewed life to research agendas in logic as the study...... of information processing, but likewise helped bring logic and learning in close proximity. This proximity relation is examined with respect to learning and belief revision, updating and efficiency, and with respect to how learnability fits in the greater scheme of dynamic epistemic logic and scientific method....

  8. Saksa asjalikkus ja kord 51. Mannheimi filmifesstivalil / Mart Kivastik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivastik, Mart, 1963-

    2002-01-01

    Mannheimi-Heidelbergi 51. filmifestival Saksamaal. Lähemalt kolmest mängufilmist rootslaste "Tokyo müra" ("Tokyo Noise") : režissöörid Kristian Petri, Jan Röed ja Johan Söderberg, ameeriklaste "Sitikas" ("Bug") : režissöör Matt Manfred ning hiinlaste "Kodutee" ("Wo de fu qin mu qin") : režissöör Zhang Yimou

  9. Sjögren, Wiedemann ja liivi keele sõnaraamat. Panus 19. sajandi teadusajalukku / Eberhard Winkler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Winkler, Eberhard, 1955-

    2009-01-01

    Uuritakse, milline võis olla kummagi teadlase osa esimese liivi keele sõnaraamatu koostamisel: Sjögren, Andreas Johan. Gesammelte Schriften. Band II. Theil I., Joh. Andreas Sjögren's Livische Grammatik nebst Sprachproben ; Band II. Theil II., Joh. Andreas Sjögren's livisch-deutsches und deutsch-livisches Wörterbuch / bearbeitet von Ferdinand Joh. Wiedemann. St. Petersburg, 1861

  10. Multi-parameter assessment of thrombus formation on microspotted arrays of thrombogenic surfaces

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2014-01-01

    Authors: Susanne de Witt, Frauke Swieringa, Judith Cosemans & Johan Heemskerk ### Abstract Thrombus formation by adhering and aggregating blood platelets is fundamental to hemostasis and is a prerequisite for vascular occlusion in pathological thrombosis. The parallel-plate flow chamber technique has been extensively used to measure platelet adhesion and activation in vitro at arterial or venous flow conditions. Here, we describe the use of brightfield and confocal fluorescence micros...

  11. Uus pianistide põlvkond : seitsmes Eesti pianistide konkurss / Arbo Valdma, Lauri Väinmaa, Toomas Vana, Age Juurikas...[jt.] ; küsitlenud Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu noorte pianistide konkursi žürii liikmete Arbo Valdma, Lauri Väinmaa, Toomas Vana, Age Juurikase ja Leelo Kõlariga Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia ning Eesti Klaveriõpetajate Ühingu korraldatud VII Eesti pianistide konkursist. Konkursi võitjaks tuli Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia üliõpilane Maksim Štšura. Auhinnalistele kohtadele tulid veel Ruslan Strogij, Margus Riimaa, Andre Hinn, Jaan Ots, Johan Randvere ja Aleksandra Kamenskaja

  12. Les traductions néerlandaises des romans francophones camerounais

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    28 mars 2016 ... mundo é a necessidade e não a utopia”: Estudos sobre utopia e ficção em José Saramago. Ed. Burghar Baltrusch. Berlin: Frank & Timme GmbH, 2014. 73–93. Heilbron, Johan. “Towards a sociology of translation. Book translations as a cultural world system.” European Journal of Social Theory 2.4 (1999): ...

  13. Is progression-free survival a more relevant endpoint than overall survival in first-line HR+/HER2− metastatic breast cancer?

    OpenAIRE

    Forsythe A; Chandiwana D; Barth J; Thabane M; Baeck J; Shor A; Tremblay G

    2018-01-01

    Anna Forsythe,1 David Chandiwana,2 Janina Barth,3 Marroon Thabane,4 Johan Baeck,5 Anastasiya Shor,1 Gabriel Tremblay6 1Health Technology Assessment Evidence, Purple Squirrel Economics, New York, NY, USA; 2Global Value and Access, Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation, East Hanover, NJ, USA; 3German Market Access, Novartis Pharma GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany; 4Health Policy and Patient Access, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, Dorval, QC, Canada; 5Global Medical Affairs (Oncology Business Unit)...

  14. Is progression-free survival a more relevant endpoint than overall survival in first-line HR+/HER2− metastatic breast cancer?

    OpenAIRE

    Forsythe,Anna; Chandiwana,David; Barth,Janina; Thabane,Marroon; Baeck,Johan; Shor,Anastasiya; Tremblay,Gabriel

    2018-01-01

    Anna Forsythe,1 David Chandiwana,2 Janina Barth,3 Marroon Thabane,4 Johan Baeck,5 Anastasiya Shor,1 Gabriel Tremblay6 1Health Technology Assessment Evidence, Purple Squirrel Economics, New York, NY, USA; 2Global Value and Access, Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation, East Hanover, NJ, USA; 3German Market Access, Novartis Pharma GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany; 4Health Policy and Patient Access, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, Dorval, QC, Canada; 5Global Medical Affairs (Oncology Business Unit)...

  15. Play as the main event in international and UK culture.

    OpenAIRE

    Woudhuysen, James

    2003-01-01

    Since Johan Huizinga’s Homo Ludens, 1938, few books have treated adult play at an abstract level using psychology. These works lack empirical statistics. On the other hand, most market research into consumer leisure lacks clear theoretical frameworks. ‘Play as the Main Event’ overcomes these twin deficiencies. It develops Huizinga and the major international theorists of play to define five distinctive features of contemporary play, applying this framework to five sub-sectors of consumer leis...

  16. Analogiese eksistensie

    OpenAIRE

    J. H. van Wyk

    1994-01-01

    Analogical existence. Comments on the ethics of J. A. Heyns Asked to write an essay on the ethics of Johan Heyns, the author claims that at the heart of this ethics lies the idea of analogical existence, derived from the fact that man is created in the image of God. In connection with this a few key features of this ethics are selected, analysed and evaluated. The author concludes by emphasizing the great and important contribution Heyns has made to Christian ethics.

  17. Intäktsfördelning och ansvarsenhet : En studie av hotellrestauranger

    OpenAIRE

    Sandberg, Elin; Lundqvist Eriksson, Johan

    2011-01-01

    Writers: Johan Lundqvist Eriksson and Elin SandbergSupervisor: Stig AnderssonEnglish title: Allocation of revenue in the hospitality industryKeywords: Revenue allocation, cost allocation, profit center, Du Pont model, taxes and manipulation of data.Date: January 2012 Since the taxes for food and lodging has been different in Sweden for many years, the hospitality industry has come up with a way to save money on tax paying. When private customers stay for a weekend where the meals are included...

  18. Partnerships – Limited partnerships and limited liability limited partnerships

    OpenAIRE

    Henning, Johan J.

    2000-01-01

    Consideration of the Limited Liability Partnership Act 2000 which introduced a new corporate entity, carrying the designations “partnership” and “limited” which allow members to limit their liability whilst organising themselves internally as a partnership. Article by Professor Johan Henning (Director of the Centre for Corporate Law and Practice, IALS and Dean of the Faculty of Law, University of the Free State, South Africa). Published in Amicus Curiae - Journal of the Institute of Advanced ...

  19. Шетел тілдерін үйренушілер үшін пайдалы кеңестер мен ұсыныстар

    OpenAIRE

    Vandewalle, Johan

    2017-01-01

    Useful suggestions and advice to foreign language students Dr. Johan Vandewalle, Ghent University, Belgium In the first part of this article, the author, who is a linguistics specialist and a polyglot, introduces himself and explains the factors underlying his eagerness to learn a great number of languages. The main reasons were his wish to fully comprehend the Turkic languages, his interest in linguistics, and the fact that, before visiting a country, he learns its language as a matte...

  20. Derecho internacional, acuerdo humanitario y resolución pacífica del secuestro

    OpenAIRE

    Heyck Puyana, Caterina

    2011-01-01

    La presente obra expone, de forma crítica, el problema del secuestro, teniendo como modelo el caso colombiano. Sigue el método propuesto por el reconocido investigador para la paz, el noruego Johan Galtung, según el cual, para la resolución de un conflicto puede acudirse al sistema de análisis que tiene la ciencia médica para tratar una enfermedad. En este sentido, frente a lo que corresponde al diagnóstico del secuestro, se presenta su historia, las cifras, los datos oficiales, la realidad d...

  1. Die verhouding tussen dogmatiek en etiek in die teologie van J.A. Heyns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.A. Strauss

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between dogmatics and ethics in the theology of J.A. Heyns The relationship between Amie van Wyk and Johan Heyns was characterized by congeniality. To honour Van Wyk, a central theme from the theology of Heyns is examined. The investigation covers both the aspects of Heyns’ theoretical reflection on, as well as the practical application of the relationship between dogmatics and ethics. This investigation leads to the conclusion that Heyns’ theology needs to be supplemented in this regard. A few examples of the possibilities that could extend Heyns’ theology are suggested.

  2. Developing a systems analysis framework for the National Poverty Alleviation System

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Marais, M

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Karuri Architect & sociologist • Mwansa Saidi Architect • Johan Strydom Systems Engineer • Marita Turpin Operations Researcher • Mapule Modise Operations Researcher • Alet Visser Environmental Researcher • Mario Marais Soft OR & theology • Leanne... through design • Entities each have own objectives and focus areas (e.g. as defined by funding agencies) • Can lead to optimisation of behaviour of components/subsystem rather than the system as a whole • Need for the system as a whole to be studied...

  3. The impact of society on Management Control Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Jan; Ax, Christian; Dergård, Johan

    2014-01-01

    . This study contributes to accounting literature in three ways. First, it brings quantitative support to Whitley’s (1999a) theory about MCS as integrated parts of societal business systems. Second, it offers possible explanations to inconsistences in prior research and it also suggests the inclusion......‐Saxon economies and findings may be bounded to these societies. Authors: Jan Greve; Co-authors: Christian Ax; Johan Dergård; Tobias Johansson; Carsten Rohde; Torkel Strömsten; Jeanette Willert; Rolf Brühl; David Bedford; Angelo Ditillo; Andrea Dossi; Maurice Gosselin; Michael Hanzlick; Sophie Hoozee; Poul...

  4. Gastric cancer: epidemiology, prevention, classification, and treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Sitarz, Robert; Skierucha, Małgorzata; Mielko, Jerzy; Offerhaus, G Johan A; Maciejewski, Ryszard; Polkowski, Wojciech P

    2018-01-01

    Robert Sitarz,1–3 Małgorzata Skierucha,1,2 Jerzy Mielko,1 G Johan A Offerhaus,3 Ryszard Maciejewski,2 Wojciech P Polkowski1 1Department of Surgical Oncology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland; 2Department of Human Anatomy, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland; 3Department of Pathology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands Abstract: Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths in the world, the epidemiology of which has ch...

  5. South African diatom collection - a future for historic data [Presented at the Phycological society for Southern Africa Conference

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van der Molen, J

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info van der Molen_P_2008.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 4782 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name van der Molen_P_2008.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Johan van der Molen... the world and approximately 350 reference text books of various descriptions are available and electronically catalogued - The collection is world renowned and is possibly still the largest inAfrica - CSIR is committed to putting the collection back...

  6. South African diatom collection - a future for historic data [SAMSS 2008

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van der Molen, J

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info van der Molen1_P_2008.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 4782 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name van der Molen1_P_2008.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Johan van der Molen... the world and approximately 350 reference text books of various descriptions are available and electronically catalogued - The collection is world renowned and is possibly still the largest inAfrica - CSIR is committed to putting the collection back...

  7. Gauss: La revolución de las matemáticas del siglo XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Gutierrez, Santiago

    2005-01-01

    Hace 150 años, el 23 de febrero de 1855, moría, en Gotinga, a la edad de setenta y siete años, Johan Friedrich Carl Gauss o, simplemente, Carl Friedrich Gauss, como él mismo quiso ser llamado. Eran tiempos de revolución y progreso: comenzaba la revolución industrial en Inglaterra, en Estados Unidos se perforaba el primer pozo de petróleo (1859), la economía estaba dominada por las teorías liberales de Adam Smith mientras se gestaba la creación de la Internacional Socialista, Darwin publicaba ...

  8. Löögiüksuse "Admiral Pitka" formeerimine ja tegevus / Toomas Hiio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Johan Pitka tegevusest 1940-1944. Tema lähematest kaastöölistest Paul Laamannist ja Evald Karotoomest. Löögiüksuse formeerimisest Saksa ametkondade asjaajamises ning Evald Karotoomi ja Paul Laamanni tunnistuste järgi. Kes kuulusid Pitka löögirühma. Saadik Aleksander Warma suhtumisest Pitka löögiüksuse moodustamisse. Vastuolust Soomes viibinud mõõdukate eestlaste ja Harald Vellneri ning Karl Talpaku vahel. Löögirühma tegevusest Tallinnas sakslaste taandumise ajal.

  9. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Ia Remmel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remmel, Ia, 1965-

    2016-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Gidon Kremer pälvis Praemium Imperiale preemia. Selgunud on Gramophone'i auhindade laureaadid. Shanghai viiulikonkursi võitis jaapanlanna Mayu Kishima. Esa-Pekka Salonenil uus positsioon Soome Rahvusooperis. Murray Perahia vahetas Sony plaadifirma DG vastu. Korea dirigent Myung-Whun Chung uues ametis. Marcel Johannes Kits võitis Johanes Brahmsi nimelise konkursi Austrias. Eurovisiooni klassikakonkursi võitis poola saksofonist Lukasz Dyczko. Edvard Griegi konkursi võitis Ah Ruem Ahn. Suri suupillivirtuoos Toots Thielemans

  10. Genetic alterations in syndromes with oral manifestations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishnamurthy Anuthama

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ever since Gregor Johan Mendel proposed the law of inheritance, genetics has transcended the field of health and has entered all walks of life in its application. Thus, the gene is the pivoting factor for all happenings revolving around it. Knowledge of gene mapping in various diseases would be a valuable tool in prenatally diagnosing the condition and averting the future disability and stigma for the posterity. This article includes an array of genetically determined conditions in patients seen at our college out-patient department with complete manifestation, partial manifestation and array of manifestations not fitting into a particular syndrome.

  11. Del grabado europeo a la pintura americana. la serie el credo del pintor quiteño miguel de santiago

    OpenAIRE

    Fajardo de Rueda, Marta

    2011-01-01

    El hallazgo de dos series de grabados flamencos del siglo XVII  sobre el tema El Credo, de los artistas Adrian Collaert (1560-1618)  y  Johan Sadeler  (1550-1600), permiten confirmar la importante presencia de los grabados europeos en los talleres de pintura de la América Hispana y  su influencia decisiva en la formación de nuestros artistas. Se analizan entonces bajo esta perspectiva, las  once pinturas al óleo que conforman la Serie de los Artículos de El Credo, obra del pintor quiteño Migu...

  12. The NMBU Phenotyping Robot; A Modified Version of Thorvald

    OpenAIRE

    Skattum, Kristine

    2017-01-01

    Soil compaction is a big problem in farming industry. This is why Pål Johan From in 2014, along with four master students, designed and built the agricultural robot Thorvald I. A light weighted robot that avoids soil compaction. Two years later, a new team of master students designed and built Thorvald II, where the goal was to make the robot module based. The modularity formed the basis of this thesis, where the goal was to design a modified version of Thorvald. The modified robot is ord...

  13. Digitisation of the South African diatom collection

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info van der Molen_2008.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 1285 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name van der Molen_2008.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Digitisation... of the South African Diatom Collection Johan van der Molen, CSIR Background ➲ Since 1950 ➲ Properly curated ➲ In dis-use since ~1990 ➲ Renewed interest since ~2004 ➲ Water bodies in Southern Africa, mostly rivers ➲ Supports taxonomic work and biological...

  14. The Importance of basic Research for Inventions and Innovations in Wind Industry. Some Experiences from Denmark and China 1973 - 2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jørgen Lindgaard; Xinxin, Kong

    Wind generated production of electricity by use of wind turbines began by inventions made at nearly the same time but independently by three natural science academic educated people as the Scotch professor in electrical technology James Blyth in 1887, the American mining engineer Charles F Brush...... from two Danish engineers H C Vogt and Johan Irminger who made basic research in aerodynamics a little bit of time before la Cour started up (Guy Larose and Niels Franck: Early wind engineering experiments in Denmark, in Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 72 (1997), pp. 493-499)...

  15. Square Deal: Lower Bounds and Improved Relaxations for Tensor Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    problem size n from 10 to 30 with increment 1, and the observation ratio ρ from 0.01 to 0.2 with increment 0.01. For each (ρ, n)-pair, we simulate 5 test ...Foundations of Computational Mathematics, 12(6):805–849, 2012. [CRT] Emmanuel J. Candès, Justin K. Romberg , and Terence Tao. Stable signal recov- ery...2012. [SDS10] Marco Signoretto, Lieven De Lathauwer, and Johan AK Suykens. Nuclear norms for tensors and their use for convex multilinear estimation

  16. Women's Rights, Human Rights, and Duties: From Domination to Partnership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lester R. Kurtz

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The idea of women's rights as human rights can facilitate our identifying the causes, consequences, and potential remedies for the current quagmire in which we find themselves, but it needs some reformulation. To the traditional understandings of human rights, I add four conceptual tools: (1 Mahatma Gandhi’s idea of the counterparts of rights and duties, (2 Eisler’s concept of partnership (as opposed to dominator societies, (3 Johan Galtung’s expansion of our conception of violence to include its structural and cultural forms, and, finally, (4 the literature on nonviolence as a path to mobilization and transformation that resists existing social structures and builds new ones.

  17. Eesti Vabariigi 90. aastapäeva tähistamise muljeid / Vello Helk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helk, Vello, 1923-2014

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi juubeliaasta tähistamisest, endiste riigijuhtide mälestuse austamisest. Käsitletud on ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõnesid kindral Johan Laidoneri mälestusloengul Viimsi mõisas 12. veebruaril 2008, Ajutise Valitsuse liikmete büstide näituse avamisel 14. veebruaril 2008 Eesti Pangas, Eesti Vabariigi väljakuulutamise monumendi avamisel Pärnus 23. veebruaril 2008 ja Eesti Vabariigi väljakuulutamise 90. aastapäeva pidulikul kontsertaktusel 24. veebruaril 2008. Ilmunud ka: Eesti Elu 15. aug. 2008, lk. 5; Eesti Päevaleht (Stockholm) 28. aug. 2008, lk. 3

  18. Variations of The Fifth Dimension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Tine

    jeg rede for min forskningsinteresse. Tillige indeholder kapitlet en gennemgang af afhandlingens kernebegreber, så som computeren som enzym, kompetente subjektiviteter og variationer, ligeledes introduceres analyseenheden event og fremstillingen af empirisk materiale som 5D-historier. Yderligere...... undergik i den sammenhæng en del forandringer. Kapitel 5, Humans, things and the social, opridser med udgangspunkt i 5D-historie, ’Building a fence’, teoretiske overvejelser om subjekt-objekt relatio­nen på baggrund af den svenske antropolog, Johan Asplunds arbejde, som suppleres af Aktør-Netværks Teori...

  19. Analogiese eksistensie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. van Wyk

    1994-08-01

    Full Text Available Analogical existence. Comments on the ethics of J. A. Heyns Asked to write an essay on the ethics of Johan Heyns, the author claims that at the heart of this ethics lies the idea of analogical existence, derived from the fact that man is created in the image of God. In connection with this a few key features of this ethics are selected, analysed and evaluated. The author concludes by emphasizing the great and important contribution Heyns has made to Christian ethics.

  20. Proper Islamic Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    mobile, religiously committed communities to the opportunities and perils presented by modernisation. It also tells us something about the debates concerning the meanings and practices of Islam within an aggressive, globalised, secularised modernity. In Malaysia this is an especially intriguing issue...... spite of a long line of social theory analyzing the spiritual in the economic, and vice versa, very little of the recent increase in scholarship on Islam addresses its relationship with capitalism. Johan Fischer’s book,Proper Islamic Consumption, begins to fill this gap. […] Fischer’s detailed...

  1. [Määramised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Ametisse määramised: Kaitseväe peainspektor (alates 18.09.2010) kolonel Jüri Järveläinen ; Meditsiiniteenistuse ülem, kaitseväe peaarst (alates 01.09.2009) kolonelleitnant Kersti Lea ; 1. jalaväebrigaadi staabiülem (alates 18.09.2010) kolonelleitnant Toomas Möls ; Kuperjanovi jalaväepataljoni ülem (alates 01.07.2010) major Maidu Allikas ; Mereväe Miinilaevade Divisjoni ülem (alates 06.08.2010) kaptenmajor Johan-Elias Seljamaa ; Lääne Kaitseringkonna ülem (alates 18.09.2010) major Margus Rebane

  2. 1920. aastate Eesti-Soome arhitektuurisuhetest ja Soome arhitektide töödest Pärnu supelasutuse konkursil = Suomen ja Viron arkkitehtuurin suhteista 1920-luvulla ja suomalaisarkkitehtien ehdotuksista Pärnun kylpylän kilpailussa / Karin Hallas-Mur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallas-Murula, Karin, 1957-

    2004-01-01

    1923. a. avati Helsingis Into Saxeli ja Johan Sigfrid Sireni kavandatud mälestusmärk Eesti Vabadussõjas osalenud Soome vabatahtlikele. Monumendi konkursist. Soome arhitektide osalemisest 1923. a. Tallinna tehnikumi (I - Martti Välikangas, Hilding Ekelund) ning 1922. a. ja 1925. a. Pärnu supelasutuse konkurssidel (tuntumad osalejad Uno Ullberg, Alvar Aalto, H. Ekelund, Pauli Ernesti Blomstedt, Ragnar Ypyä, edukamad osalejad Georg Henriksson ja Otto Flodin) jm. Pikemalt A. Aalto projektist. Bibliograafia joonealustes märkustes

  3. Kunsti salakäik : Kumu Kunstimuuseum = A secret art passage / Panu Lehtovuori

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtovuori, Panu, 1968-

    2006-01-01

    Kumu hoonest, selle suhtest linnaga, hilismodernistlikust muuseumist, kunsti ja muuseumihoone suhtest. Projekteerija: Arkkitehtitoimisto Vapaavuori OY. Arhitekt Pekka Vapaavuori. Kaasautorid: Johan Roman, Miikka Hirsimäki, Pia Sabelström, Marcus Uppmeier, Elina Juureva, Mika Väisänen, Sauli Luttinen (3D). Sisekujundus: Pia Sabelström. Mööbel: Pille Lausmäe, Sisustusarkkitehdit Gullsten-Inkinen. Maastik: DIA Arhitektuur OÜ. Konstruktor: Neoprojekt OÜ. Ehitusfirmad: AS Merko Ehitus, AS Eesti Ehitus. Võistlus 1994, valmis 2005. Kommentaar Pekka Vapaavuorilt. Ill.: II ja V korruse plaan, 2 värv. välis- ja 5 sisevaadet

  4. Análisis de los efectos económicos y socio-políticos en Chile de la tradición exportadora minera y del TLC entre China y Chile, en especial para el período 2006-2012

    OpenAIRE

    Patrón Trujillo, Paula Andrea

    2015-01-01

    Esta monografía pretende evaluar los efectos de la tradición exportadora minera y el TLC entre China y Chile desde las perspectivas de violencia estructural y desarrollo como libertad de Amartya Sen y Johan Galtung, respectivamente. A través del análisis de algunos procesos históricos que han configurado las actuales dinámicas mineras y comerciales en Chile, y de las libertades reales que poseían los chilenos antes y después de la entrada en vigor del acuerdo, se logra comprender la manera en...

  5. Structural Violence on Women: An Impediment to Women Empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Parul; Gupta, Uma; Singh, Jyotsna; Srivastava, Anand

    2017-01-01

    Violence on women has been present in our society since times immemorial. The ethics, the values, the morals, the culture of the society has been framed in such a way or we can say structured in such a way so as to promote exploitation of this segment which is in reality the root of the society. The concept of STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE was introduced by Johan Galtung in 1969. It refers to a form of violence wherein some http://www.studylecturenotes.com/social-sciences/sociology/370-social-institution-definitions-a-structure-of-social-institution social institution may harm people by preventing them from meeting their basic needs. Violence against women has taken the form of a global epidemic which has taken its toll on the physical, psychological, sexual and economic life of the female. Johan Galtung in "Violence, Peace and Peace Studies", 1969 has rightly remarked "when one husband beats his wife, there is a clear case of personal violence, but when one million husbands keep one million wives in ignorance, there is structural violence". India has been slow in its pace for action against violence on women, but the brutal gang- rape of a 23 year old Delhi girl on December 2012 aroused the Indians from their deep slumber on this issue. Structural violence is a demon against women that is devouring the society. The combined efforts of Government NGO's and most important, the sufferers of this violence, the women have to take a major step to fight this dragon.

  6. Effects of Roads on Amphibian Populations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hels, T.

    is the result of my three year PhD study at the National Environmental Research Institute, Kalø, and University of Copenhagen. Funded by NERI, the Danish Research Academy, and the Danish Road Directorate, it has dealt mainly with the effects of traffic and roads on amphibian populations. The Spadefoot toad...... of Spadefoot toads (Pelobates fuscus Laur.) II The effect of road kills on amphibian populations III Simulating viability of a Spadefoot toad (P. fuscus) metapopulation in a landscape fragmented by a road The manuscripts are preceded by a synopsis which sums up the work and puts it into a broader perspective......, Johan Elmberg, Andreas Seiler, and Per Sjögren-Gulve, for sharing your knowledge and enthusiasm for science with me. Constructive ideas, different approaches, and elaborate discussions are crucial parts of any scientific process: I thank Lenore Fahrig for dedicated and original teaching and discussions...

  7. La Universidad como espacio de mediación cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem FRIJHOFF

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Los organizadores de este congreso me han concedido el tremendo honor de situar mi conferencia al final de nuestros trabajos, incluso recortando el tiempo disponible hasta un punto extremo. Me atrae la tentación de entregar un breve resumen de lo que se ha dicho y tratado, y ello porque algunas de las contribuciones que aquí se han presentado cosquillean, incluso provocan hasta un grado difícil de aguantar la conciencia profesional del historiador que soy. No se me ha pedido preparar una síntesis o una réplica. Por eso no lo haré. Al menos en la forma debida, porque tampoco puedo escabullirme del todo. ¿No es acaso la historia, como decía mi compatriota, el eminente historiador de la cultura que era Johan Huizinga, «una perpétua discusión»?

  8. 80 aastat tagasi : Detsember 1928. 2 / Mati Märtin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märtin, Mati

    2008-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest 80 aastat tagasi: Viljandi Koidu koori kontserdil Viljandi Jaani kirikus esitati muusikat Beethovenist Tobiase ja Türnpuni, 16. dets. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus hiljuti ülesseatud oreli heaks esinesid Ph. Lorenzsonn orelil ja H. Anderson tshellol ning tütarlaste gümnaasiumi laulukoor, Rakvere kirikus kandis kohalik kirikukoor ette Händeli oratooriumi "Messias" (solistideks Paula Brehm-Jürgenson, H. Kubu ja Karl Viitol, orelil Enn Võrk), 13. dets. toimus konsistooriumis liturgilise, agenda ja vaimuliku muusika komisjoni koosolek (kirikumuusikute kursuse kavaga esines August Topman), Tartu Ülikooli kiriku lauluseltsi Cantate Domino segakoor ja naiskoor esinesid jumalateenistustel Ülikooli kirikus, 13. dets. suri Tartu Jaani koguduse ja Saksa Meestelaulu Seltsi koorijuht Herman Johan Nikolai von Andrae

  9. Koguteos Rootsi põllumajanduse ajaloost / Ülle Tarkiainen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarkiainen, Ülle

    2004-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Welinder, Stig, Pedersen, Ellen Anne. Jordbrukets första femtusen år 4000 f. Kr.-1000 e. Kr. Det svenska jordbrukets historia I. Borås, 1998 ; Myrdal, Janken. Jordbruket under feodalismen 1000-1700. Det svenska jordbrukets historia II. Borås, 1999 ; Gadd, Carl-Johan. Den agrara revolutionen 1700-1870. Det svenska jordbrukets historia III. Borås, 2000 ; Morell, Mats. Jordbruket i industrisamhället 1870-1945. Det svenska jordbrukets historia IV. Borås, 2001 ; Flygare, Irene A., Isacson, Maths. Jordbruket i välfärdssamhället 1945-2000. Det svenska jordbrukets historia V. Örebro, 2003

  10. The Making of Sami Ethnography: Contested Authorities and Negotiated Representations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristin Kuutma

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This contribution analyzes the interplay of ethnographic and poetic agendas, the negotiation of synergetic or conflicting objectives in the production and editing of a seminal representation of the Sámi, Muitalus sámiid birra. My main focus is on the collaborative effort of the publication process, to investigate the emergence and negotiation of representational authority, of cultural poetics, of social and cultural critique, in order to defy the preconception of a passive informant of a cultural experience. The Sámi narrator Johan Turi is discussed, instead, as an active agent in providing a voice to the Sámi people in the collaborative process of ethnography writing. My approach is interdisciplinary, being inspired by different inquiries in anthropology and cultural history, while adding a subjective interpretation in discerning the production of a multifaceted ethnographic representation, both by the cultural insider and the inquisitive outsider.

  11. La violencia de género contra las mujeres en Yucatán

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Janet Paredes Guerrero

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan los tipos de violencia: doméstica, institucional y feminicida, usando el concepto de “violencia de género contra las mujeres”, en combinación con las dimensiones de la violencia propuestas por Johan Galtung: interpersonal, estructural y cultural/simbólica, para demostrar que la violencia de género contra las mujeres en el estado de Yucatán, México, se ejerce no sólo en el hogar, sino también en las instituciones y en las representaciones colectivas, espacios en los que todavía se concibe a la mujer como un símbolo objeto, lo cual condiciona la aparición de conductas de violencia extrema que potencialmente desembocan en feminicidio.

  12. Representações da violência em A guerra dos bastardos, de Ana Paula Maia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Losada Soler

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available La novela A Guerra dos Bastardos, de Ana Paula Maia presenta un denso cuadro de violencias ficcionales. El hecho de su autoría femenina es relevante para nuestro análisis. Encontramos en este texto todas las formas de violencia contenidas en el triángulo de Johan Galtung: violencias visibles o directas, invisibles o estructurales, y violencias culturales, así como diversas manifestaciones de la violencia simbólica como la analizó Pierre Bourdieu. Estas violencias son representadas con técnicas diversas: brutalismo, ironía, “gore”, distanciamiento etc. Nuestro trabajo tiene como eje el análisis de estas formas de representación, y en especial el tratamiento literario dado a la descripción de la violencia contra la mujer y de la violencia ejercida por la mujer.

  13. Jogos, sociabilidade e conflito no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Édison Gastaldo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Games, competitions and plays are some of the most constant phenomena of human experience. According to the classic formulation of Johan Huizinga’s Homo ludens (from 1938, culture itself would derive its fundamental features from the elementary structure of play. To him, poetry, law, war, music, religion and everything we regard as serious, sacred and respectful derive at some level from ancient sacred games, and still keep their elementary features. In social theory, the participation in games and competitions usually highlights their symbolic, ritual and communicational aspects, as well as their links to wider sociability networks. However, it should be noted that game-like situations show a great potential for the expression of social dramas, as they develop the passion they raise out of the dramatic tension of the conflicts they represent. In this paper, starting from two ethnographic experiences, we wish to explore the symbolic dimension of ordinary participation in games in Brazilian culture.

  14. Bingo! Holy play in experience-oriented society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Groot, Kees

    2017-06-01

    What place is there for holy play in experience-oriented society? Is it possible and useful to make analytic distinctions between the liturgical quality of events? I explored these questions by doing research on the boundaries between the religious field and the field of leisure. Fifty site visits to public events in the Netherlands (2006-2014) resulted in a collection of ethnographic data. I used the concept of play as introduced by the Dutch historian Johan Huizinga and the tools of ritual studies to explore whether these could help to produce an account of the liturgical quality of ritualized meetings. Holy play might be found in unexpected places, such as in a bingo hall. Huizinga's broad diagnosis of modernity may be outdated, but the tools he introduced remain useful to distinguish the elements that constitute late-modern meetings as more or less playful - even when this involves combinations that seem contradictory from Huizinga's own point of view.

  15. Kulturformidlingens transformation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skøtt, Bo

    2018-01-01

    The aim of this article is to investigate how the digital conversion that currently takes place in public libraries in Denmark, affects the perception of those cultural dissemination activities that result from the work with documents. My starting point is that the digital conversion means...... an increase in digital documents and that the characteristics of these documents differ so significantly from analog documents that it potentially means changes in both the practical handling and the conceptual universe associated with the designation, identification, and definition of practice. The study...... is conducted as a literature survey, where Johan Fjord Jensen (1988), Dag Solhjell (2001) and Jens Gudiksen (2005) constitute the theoretical framework and where eight public libraries’ digital strategies from region Midtjylland are analyzed on the basis of a heuristic approach to the discourse concept...

  16. [The proof of paternity. An andrological-forensic challenge in historical perspective].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albrecht, K; Schultheiss, D

    2004-10-01

    For centuries, difficulties have occurred in determining unresolved paternities. In addition to the modern standard methods, such as the examination of DNA or serological proof, expert opinion on fertility once played an important role. The andrological difference between incapability to fertilise and the inability to participate in sexual intercourse was also distinguished historically. Of special significance was the discovery of spermatozoa by the medical student Johan Ham in 1677 and their further investigation by Antoni van Leeuwenhoek.Recently, modern DNA methods have also been applied for historical investigations. Illustrious examples are the DNA analysis in the case of Kaspar Hauser of Ansbach and the dispute about Thomas Jefferson, President of the U.S., fathering a child by one of his slaves. In this discourse, a medicinal-forensic review of the development of expert opinion, illustrated with historical case studies, is given.

  17. En época del Medievo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Córdoba, Joaquín Mª

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available El siglo XIII y sobre todo los dos siguientes, el XIV y el XV, siglos que Johan Huizinga evocaría como «el otoño de la Edad Media» parecen haber sido especialmente fértiles en viajes a mundos remotos. Frailes y nobles, comerciantes y aventureros europeos unidos en épicas jornadas llegarían a regiones tan remotas como el corazón de Mongolia, el Mar Rojo o las islas de Java y Sumatra. Y entre las vidas, los viajes y los recuerdos de fray Guillermo de Rubruck, Marco Polo o Niccolò dei Conti, redescubrimos nosotros el valor y las aventuras de viajeros españoles que, como Ruy González de Clavijo o Don Pero Tafur, escribieron libros hoy estimados entre los mejores…

  18. Quantum independent increment processes

    CERN Document Server

    Franz, Uwe

    2005-01-01

    This volume is the first of two volumes containing the revised and completed notes lectures given at the school "Quantum Independent Increment Processes: Structure and Applications to Physics". This school was held at the Alfried-Krupp-Wissenschaftskolleg in Greifswald during the period March 9 – 22, 2003, and supported by the Volkswagen Foundation. The school gave an introduction to current research on quantum independent increment processes aimed at graduate students and non-specialists working in classical and quantum probability, operator algebras, and mathematical physics. The present first volume contains the following lectures: "Lévy Processes in Euclidean Spaces and Groups" by David Applebaum, "Locally Compact Quantum Groups" by Johan Kustermans, "Quantum Stochastic Analysis" by J. Martin Lindsay, and "Dilations, Cocycles and Product Systems" by B.V. Rajarama Bhat.

  19. Divadlo on teater, Nitra on linn / Tiina Talts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talts, Tiina

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest teatrifestivalist "Divadelna Nitra" ("Teatraalne Nitra") Slovakkias 22. - 27. septembrini. Lühidalt lavastustest Georg Brüchner "Woyzeck" (Wojciech Boguslawski teater, Poola, lavastaja Maja Kleczewska); Thomas Bernhard "Before retirement" (Slovakkia teater Astorka-Korzo'90, lavastaja Juraj Nvota); Tatjana Tolstaja "Sonja" (Läti Riia Uus Teater, lavastaja Alvis Hermanis); Michel Houllebecq "Platform" (Belgia NTGent, lavastaja Johan Simons); William Shakespeare "Richard III" (Tšehhi Rahvusteater, lavastaja Michal Docekal); Neil LaBute "The shape of things" (Slovakkia Andrej Bagari Teater, lavastajad Roman Olekshak ja Maja Hrieshik); Rainald Goetz-Martin Heidegger "The consolation of the country path" (Tšehhi kodanike ühendus Mezery, lavastaja Miroslav Bambushek); Mark Ravenhill "Product" (Inglismaa Paines Plough, lavastaja Ravenhill); Anton Tshehhov "Ivanov" (Slovakkia Kammerteater, lavastaja Roman Polak)

  20. Prehistory of Australia, by lohn Mulvaney and lohan Kamminga, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., 1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Willoughby

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available The prehistory of Australia is a fascinating topic. But it has also been a controversial subject, as aborigi­nal populations, settlers, and archaeologists have argued over the past, its ownership and its meaning and interpretation. Derek John Mulvaney has seen Australian archaeology develop from its early days, and in this book, he and co-author Johan Kamminga try to review the latest evidence. It is not clear who the book is intended for but it would include professional archaeologists as well as average Australians, aboriginal and non-aboriginal alike. This is the third edition of a work first published in 1969; a second edition appeared in 1975.

  1. HAICAIS EM MANOEL DE BARROS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Profª Drª Nery Reiner

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo, voltado para a criação poética de Manoel de Barros, é focalizar o conceito da obra de arte como jogo. Escolhemos Manoel de Barros, porque o lúdico, a brincadeira e o humor estão sempre presentes em sua obra. A escolha dos dados, o encaixe de palavras escolhidas a dedo, no eixo paradigmático, formam um caleidoscópio, mostrando novas estruturas, deixando explícito o desejo de brincar com os elementos linguísticos e da natureza. Para este trabalho, escolhemos, para análise, pequenos poemas semelhantes aos haicais japoneses e outros menores ainda, com dois ou até um verso apenas. Contaremos, nesta pesquisa, com a ajuda de teóricos como Johan Huizinga, Ezra Pound, Octavio Paz, Lévi-Strauss, Olga Savary e Alfredo Bosi.

  2. Brothers in arms or peace? The media representation of Swedish and Norwegian defence- and military co-operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stig Arne Nohrstedt

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the relevance of Johan Galtung's model for peace journalism and critical discourse analysis (CDA in light of the media coverage of Swedish and Norwegian defence cooperation. By analysing the proposal for closer military cooperation between the Nato-member Norway and the non-aligned Sweden the article emphasises the paradox that the fact that both Sweden and Norway have forces fighting in Afghanistan was not mentioned when the heads of the Norwegian and Swedish Defence in a joint article justified the need for a closer cooperation between the two countries. Thus this analysis illustrates some limitations of the peace journalism perspective and the necessity to take a contextual approach in which also the possibility of "peace talk" being part of a war discourse is considered.

  3. O Maravilhoso País do Orkut: sobre jogos, racionalidade , nonsense e frivolidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Prysthon

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Departing from the concept of Homo Ludens by Johan Huizinga, from the connections between Aesthetics and everyday experience, from some Habermasian notions of rationality and from the nonsense as deployed by Deleuze, this essay intends to relate the fascination for banality and the consolidation of an aesthetics of frivolity (both very present in the Orkut with the ideas of rationality and the ludic in contemporary culture. If the Orkut appeared as a platform of social networking, it is indubitable the proliferation of games and “inutilities” in the system (especially in its Brazilian branch. In this sense, playfulness, laughter, the ephemeral, frivolities, all of this form the kernel of our analysis of Orkut.

  4. Mini researchers for massive experiments

    CERN Multimedia

    Mélissa Lanaro

    2011-01-01

    On Friday 15 April, CERN welcomed the first classes participating in the “Dans la peau d’un chercheur” project. Over the last two months, students from 30 primary school classes have been gaining new insight into life as a researcher and learning the principles of the experimental method (see Bulletin No. 05-06/2011). The school visits to CERN or the University of Geneva are an important part of the project. For a few hours, students are given the chance to meet physicists to get a behind-the-scenes look at experimental physics in “real” laboratories. Laetitia Dufay-Chanat and Johan Bremer, from the cryogenics laboratory, delighted students from the Ornex School (see photo) by conducting experiments demonstrating different states of matter.      

  5. Leg som ustyrlig deltagelseskultur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Herdis

    2017-01-01

    - og spilteoretikere Johan Huizinga og Roger Caillois. Deres teorier og begrebsdannelser har været brugt til at påpege leg dels som et æstetisk baseret betydningssystem, dels som et affektivt og stemningsbaseret oplevelsessystem samt endelig som et socialt baseret relationssystem. I artiklen vælger vi...... at fokusere på leg som et socialt baseret relationssystem og yderligere zoome ind på et af legens systemiske væsenstræk, nemlig brugen af regulerbare regelsæt, som legerne uden ’politi’ forhandler sig frem til før, under og efter legen. Fælles for Huizinga og Caillois er, at de knytter leg uløseligt sammen...

  6. Playing With Antidepressants: Perspectives From Indian Australians and Anglo-Australians Living With Depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brijnath, Bianca; Antoniades, Josefine

    2017-11-01

    Patient perspectives were explored on the meaning and experience of antidepressant use by applying Johan Huizinga's theory of play to interviews from Indian Australians and Anglo-Australians diagnosed with depression. Through the analysis, the centrality of Huizinga's "magic circle" emerged, that is, defining the boundaries within which one could safely play. Consumption of antidepressants involved learning, breaking, and modulating rules of the game of adherence, then forging a new "magic circle." In these games, there were playful elements including experimentation, improvisation, absorption, and experiential learning. This application of Huizinga's theory in relation to antidepressant use is a novel approach in the literature on medication non/adherence. This application not only opens a new theoretical line of inquiry but also shows that antidepressant non/adherence is not a static practice but dynamic and changing, revealing critical insights around participant's agency, capabilities, desires, and notions of selfhood with regard to managing their depression and conceptualizing their recovery.

  7. Elections to the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (“The Nine”) 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Philippe Tock, spokesperson of the "Nine"

    2014-01-01

    The electronic voting process for the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (“The Nine”) was closed on Thursday 28 August 2014 at 17.00.   Of the 511 Senior Staff members eligible to vote, 302 voted. This represents a participation of 59%, to be compared to 63% in 2013, 61% in 2012, 43% in 2011, 44% in 2010, 57% in 2009, 53% in 2008, 63% in 2007, 64% in 2006 and 66% in 2005. The results are: Electoral group 1 (Research Physicists) Candidate Dept Votes Result Urs WIEDEMANN PH 155 ELECTED   Electoral group 2 (Applied Physicists, Engineers, Computer Scientists) Candidate Dept Votes Result Johan BREMER TE 59   Horst BREUKER PH 17   Olivier BRUNNER BE 41   Katy FORAZ EN 55   Wolfgang HOFLE BE 8   Yacine KADI EN 12   Pierre NININ GS 14   Mauro NONIS EN 14 &...

  8. Elections to the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (“The Nine”) 2013

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Philippe Tock, spokesperson of the "Nine"

    2013-01-01

    The electronic voting process for the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (“The Nine”) was closed on Thursday, 29 August 2013 at 18.00. Of the 503 Senior Staff members eligible to vote, 316 voted. This represents a participation of 63%, compared to 61% in 2012, 43% in 2011, 44% in 2010, 57% in 2009, 53% in 2008, 63% in 2007, 64% in 2006 and 66% in 2005. The results are: Electoral group 1 (Research Physicists) Candidate Dept Votes Result Augusto CECCUCCI PH 157 ELECTED   Electoral group 2 (Applied Physicists, Engineers, Computer Scientists) Candidate Dept Votes Result Ronny BILLEN BE 32   Johan BREMER TE 35   Katy FORAZ EN 51   Malika MEDDAHI TE 72 ELECTED Pierre NININ GS 10   Thomas OTTO TE 15   Sandro PALESTINI PH 17   Christoph REMBSER PH 54   Thierry STO...

  9. Adivinhas de Rimbaud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Genelhu Fagundes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe uma leitura dos poemas em prosa de Arthur Rimbaud como recriações do gênero tradicional da adivinha. Votado à abertura e ao deslocamento, ele se revela ideal para a expressão de uma poética que renega a instância do real como totalidade dada e logicamente resolvida, concebendo-a como espaço de liberdade, de mistério, de enigma e, finalmente, de criação. A investigação sobre o poema em prosa como forma (bem como sobre o poema em prosa rimbaudiano em suas especificidades retoma o estudo consagrado de Suzanne Bernard e se desenvolve em clave interdisciplinar, amparando-se na reflexão sobre a imagem empreendida por Georges Didi-Huberman no campo da Teoria da Arte e nos apontamentos de Johan Huizinga sobre o jogo.

  10. Towards a pluralist epistemological approach in studies on communication and change: humanism, science and environmentalism

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    Joan Pedro Carañana

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a pluralistic epistemological approach to the investigation of the relationships between communication and social change. To this end, it draws on the proposal of epistemological merger posed by Johan Galtung for Peace Studies and takes into account the specifics of the communication phenomenon. According to Galtung, the combination of Cartesianism, the verum-factum (Vico and Taoism would counter the risks of epistemological monism and overcome its limitations. In this sense, the article proposes to extend each of these epistemologies in a more general and encompassing level (science, humanities, holistic-dialectical environmentalism and describes its historical trajectory to identify the possibilities of complementarity and its value for the study of communication and change.

  11. "Man müsse keine Statue Equestre machen": Abildgaard and Schadow in Copenhagen 1791

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    Kragelund, Patrick

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In connection with the project of erecting an equestrian statue for King Frederick the Great of Prussia, the Berlin sculptor Johann Gottfried Schadow was in the autumn 1791 sent on a research tour to the three Baltic capitals, Stockholm, St. Petersburg and Copenhagen. Here he studied and discussed similar recent projects with fellow artists, and brought reports back to Berlin on the equestrian statues by Pierre Hubert L'Archevêque and Johan Tobias Sergel (Gustavus Adolphus in Stockholm, by Étienne Maurice Falconet (Peter the Great in St. Petersburg and by Jacques François Joseph Saly (Frederick V in Copenhagen. Documents not previously published throw new light on the contacts Schadow during these travels established with the Danish painter Nicolai Abildgaard, a contact, it is here argued, that strengthened Schadow's commitment to use a historically accurate, more realistic and less idealised stylistic idiom when depicting great figures from the national past.

  12. AHP 28: Review: Explorers and Scientists in China's Borderlands

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    Gregory Rohlf

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This collection of eight biographical essays from a 2007 symposium makes for engaging reading and holds together well as a book. The authors, mainly anthropologists, examine the lives of ten explorers who were active primarily in the first half of the twentieth century. Some worked for decades in the Chinese borderlands. Several became quite well-known and influential figures during their lifetime and after, such as Joseph Rock, but it is likely that most of the explorers featured here will be new to readers. They were active primarily in Sichuan and Yunnan and were North Americans or Europeans with one exception, Ding Wenjiang, who is examined alongside the Swede, Johan Gunnar Andersson. All were men with the exception of Hedwig Weiss, a German who travelled with her diplomat husband, Fritz, in Sichuan and photographed the Yi people of Liangshan.

  13. L’usine, un terrain miné

    OpenAIRE

    Remillet, Gilles

    2008-01-01

    « En principe, je filme à la distance où je peux toucher, où on peut me toucher. Et là, on est à même de refuser ; ce qui arrive évidemment ». Johan Van der Keuken, Aventures d’un regard, p. 171. Ce texte est le fruit d’une recherche menée dans le cadre d’une anthropologie filmique du travail industriel. L’enquête de terrain conduite dans une fonderie gardoise (région d’Alès), s’est déroulée sur deux années, de juillet 2000 à juillet 2002. Privilégiant le film comme outil d’investigation ethn...

  14. Handbook of Optimization From Classical to Modern Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Snášel, Václav; Abraham, Ajith

    2013-01-01

    Optimization problems were and still are the focus of mathematics from antiquity to the present. Since the beginning of our civilization, the human race has had to confront numerous technological challenges, such as finding the optimal solution of various problems including control technologies, power sources construction, applications in economy, mechanical engineering and energy distribution amongst others. These examples encompass both ancient as well as modern technologies like the first electrical energy distribution network in USA etc. Some of the key principles formulated in the middle ages were done by Johannes Kepler (Problem of the wine barrels), Johan Bernoulli (brachystochrone problem), Leonhard Euler (Calculus of Variations), Lagrange (Principle multipliers), that were formulated primarily in the ancient world and are of a geometric nature. In the beginning of the modern era, works of L.V. Kantorovich and G.B. Dantzig (so-called linear programming) can be considered amongst others. This book disc...

  15. National surveys: a way to manage treatment strategies in Parkinson's disease? Pharmaceutical prescribing patterns and patient experiences of symptom control and their impact on disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skogar Ö

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Örjan Skogar,1,2 Mats Nilsson,1 Carl-Johan Törnhage,3 Johan Lökk2 1Futurum Health Care Academy, Jönköping, 2Institution of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, 3Department of Pediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden Background: The purpose of this study was to draw conclusions from patient-reported experiences in two national surveys from Scandinavia with the intention of comparing treatment strategies and increasing our knowledge of factors that affect the experiences of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD. Methods: A total of 2000 individuals in Sweden and 1300 in Norway were invited to complete postal surveys covering PD-related issues. Patient experiences of diagnostic procedures, symptom control, and follow-up in PD and the effects on symptom-related quality of life were collected. Pharmaceutical prescription data on anti-PD drugs and administrative data were collected from national registries. Results: The surveys were completed by 1553 (78% of the Swedish cohort and 1244 (96% of the Norwegian cohort. Only small differences were seen in disease duration and age distribution. Statistically as well as clinically significant differences in symptom control, diagnostic, and follow-up procedures, as well as in pharmacological treatment and impact on quality of life, were found between the national cohorts independent of disease duration. Conclusion: Information from separate national surveys has the potential to increase our knowledge of patient experiences in PD and can be used to compare, evaluate, educate, and guide health care staff and administrators in optimizing health care for patients with the disease. Keywords: parkinson's disease, diagnosis, follow-up, pharmaceutical prescription, quality of life, survey

  16. Challenges to the sub judice rule in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kobus van Rooyen

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available As a lawyer, it is a privilege to contribute to this Festschrift in honour of Professor Doctor Johan Buitendag. His entire career has been a quest for the truth. In the process, he has fearlessly rejected political agendas based on the Bible, and has inspired countless students in their quest to serve God in a practical and humane manner. His published research as well as the output of his doctoral students, both present and past, bear witness to a life dedicated to the search for knowledge in the service of God. He has also assisted substantially in placing South African theological research on the international map. In a sense, this article which deals with the protection of the right to a fair trial of an accused, also acknowledges Johan Buitendag’s quest for justice for all South Africans, whatever their creed, gender, race or standing. The subject of my article demonstrates my own quest to promote the constitutional right of an accused to a fair trial, a right that should not be subject to inordinate pressure by the media, and which gives priority to the right of an accused to be presumed innocent: an accused who may frequently suffer loneliness and a sense of rejection. Related to that it is, of course, always important to bear in mind that freedom of expression is at the heart of our democracy. A balance has, accordingly, to be struck between the competing rights.

  17. Structural violence on women: An impediment to women empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parul Sinha

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Violence on women has been present in our society since times immemorial. The ethics, the values, the morals, the culture of the society has been framed in such a way or we can say structured in such a way so as to promote exploitation of this segment which is in reality the root of the society. The concept of STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE was introduced by Johan Galtung in 1969. It refers to a form of violence wherein some http://www.studylecturenotes.com/social-sciences/sociology/370-social-institution-definitions-a-structure-of-social-institution social institution may harm people by preventing them from meeting their basic needs. Violence against women has taken the form of a global epidemic which has taken its toll on the physical, psychological, sexual and economic life of the female. Johan Galtung in “Violence, Peace and Peace Studies”, 1969 has rightly remarked “when one husband beats his wife, there is a clear case of personal violence, but when one million husbands keep one million wives in ignorance, there is structural violence”. India has been slow in its pace for action against violence on women, but the brutal gang- rape of a 23 year old Delhi girl on December 2012 aroused the Indians from their deep slumber on this issue. Structural violence is a demon against women that is devouring the society. The combined efforts of Government NGO's and most important, the sufferers of this violence, the women have to take a major step to fight this dragon.

  18. UNA MIRADA A LA VIOLENCIA QUE LEEN LOS SAMARIOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace Angeline Morales Urueta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Esta investigación, de carácter cuantitativo, se orientó a observar la violencia en el contenido de las noticias locales del Distrito de Santa Marta publicadas en los diarios: El Informador, Hoy Diario del Magdalena, Ajá y Qué y Al Día. El análisis caracterizó la violencia Directa, Cultural y Estructural en los espacios en los que se desarrolla: Naturaleza, Hombre y Sociedad, de acuerdo a la Teoría sobre las estructuras de violencia en la sociedad de Johan Galtung; para el análisis de la estructura del texto se utilizó el planteamiento de Teun Van Dijk. Los resultados indican que los hechos de violencia se registraron en mayor proporción en el espacio de los Hombres con actos que tipifican Violencia directa; seguidamente la Sociedad con hechos de Violencia estructural y en el escenario de la Naturaleza acciones violentas de tipo cultural. Abstract This quantitative research was aimed to observe the level of violence in the local news content of the District of Santa Marta, published in newspapers such as: El Informador, Hoy Diario del Magdalena, Ajá y Qué, and Al Día. The analysis characterized the cultural and structural direct violence among the spaces where it usually develops: Nature, Man and Society, according to the theory about the structures of violence in society by Johan Galtung, for the analysis of text structure the approach of Teun Van Dijk was used. Results indicate that the violent events that occurred in greater proportion were observed in environments of humans whose acts constitute direct violence, followed by society, whose acts constitute structural violence, and finally nature, whose acts constitute cultural violence.

  19. Construcciones de identidades de género en el niño y la niña inserto (a en contexto rural de la comuna de Olmué

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariella Terrezza Pérez – Olea

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación estudia las identidades de género presente en los discursos de los niños y las niñas insertos en zonas rurales de la comuna de Olmué. Se sustenta en una metodología cualitativa, desde un paradigma constructivista, siendo el enfoque de tipo exploratorio mediante grupos focales con niños y niñas de nueve y once años. El análisis de información se realiza mediante análisis narrativo temático del modelo de Johan McLeod. Los resultados dan cuenta de interesantes mixturas en las identidades de género presentes en los discursos de los niños y las niñas, que van desde discursos sobre identidades de género dominantes y hegemónicos que saturan las posibilidades del ser masculino y/ o femenino, hasta construcciones identitarias de género a partir de excepciones a dichos discursos, que amplían las posibilidades del ser. La ruralidad aparece fuertemente en las costumbres y prácticas propias del campo, así también respecto a la identidad nacional. Abstract This research examines gender identities present in the speeches of boys and girls in rural areas inserts the commune of Olmué. It is based on a qualitative methodology, from a constructivist paradigm, being the exploratory approach through focus groups with children aged nine and eleven. Data analysis is performed using thematic narrative analysis model Johan McLeod. The results show interesting concoctions in gender identities present in the speeches of the children, ranging from discourses on identities dominant gender and hegemonic cluttering the chances of being male and / or female, to identity constructions genre from exceptions to these speeches, which expand the possibilities of being. Rurality appears strongly in the customs and practices of the field and also about national identity.

  20. Geology - Background complementary studies. Forsmark modelling stage 2.2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephens, Michael B. [Geological Survey of Sweden, Uppsala (Sweden); Skagius, Kristina [Kemakta Konsult AB, Stockholm (Sweden)] (eds.)

    2007-09-15

    During Forsmark model stage 2.2, seven complementary geophysical and geological studies were initiated by the geological modelling team, in direct connection with and as a background support to the deterministic modelling of deformation zones. One of these studies involved a field control on the character of two low magnetic lineaments with NNE and NE trends inside the target volume. The interpretation of these lineaments formed one of the late deliveries to SKB that took place after the data freeze for model stage 2.2 and during the initial stage of the modelling work. Six studies involved a revised processing and analysis of reflection seismic, refraction seismic and selected oriented borehole radar data, all of which had been presented earlier in connection with the site investigation programme. A prime aim of all these studies was to provide a better understanding of the geological significance of indirect geophysical data to the geological modelling team. Such essential interpretative work was lacking in the material acquired in connection with the site investigation programme. The results of these background complementary studies are published together in this report. The titles and authors of the seven background complementary studies are presented below. Summaries of the results of each study, with a focus on the implications for the geological modelling of deformation zones, are presented in the master geological report, SKB-R--07-45. The sections in the master report, where reference is made to each background complementary study and where the summaries are placed, are also provided. The individual reports are listed in the order that they are referred to in the master geological report and as they appear in this report. 1. Scan line fracture mapping and magnetic susceptibility measurements across two low magnetic lineaments with NNE and NE trend, Forsmark. Jesper Petersson, Ulf B. Andersson and Johan Berglund. 2. Integrated interpretation of surface and

  1. Geology - Background complementary studies. Forsmark modelling stage 2.2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stephens, Michael B.; Skagius, Kristina

    2007-09-01

    During Forsmark model stage 2.2, seven complementary geophysical and geological studies were initiated by the geological modelling team, in direct connection with and as a background support to the deterministic modelling of deformation zones. One of these studies involved a field control on the character of two low magnetic lineaments with NNE and NE trends inside the target volume. The interpretation of these lineaments formed one of the late deliveries to SKB that took place after the data freeze for model stage 2.2 and during the initial stage of the modelling work. Six studies involved a revised processing and analysis of reflection seismic, refraction seismic and selected oriented borehole radar data, all of which had been presented earlier in connection with the site investigation programme. A prime aim of all these studies was to provide a better understanding of the geological significance of indirect geophysical data to the geological modelling team. Such essential interpretative work was lacking in the material acquired in connection with the site investigation programme. The results of these background complementary studies are published together in this report. The titles and authors of the seven background complementary studies are presented below. Summaries of the results of each study, with a focus on the implications for the geological modelling of deformation zones, are presented in the master geological report, SKB-R--07-45. The sections in the master report, where reference is made to each background complementary study and where the summaries are placed, are also provided. The individual reports are listed in the order that they are referred to in the master geological report and as they appear in this report. 1. Scan line fracture mapping and magnetic susceptibility measurements across two low magnetic lineaments with NNE and NE trend, Forsmark. Jesper Petersson, Ulf B. Andersson and Johan Berglund. 2. Integrated interpretation of surface and

  2. Parkinson’s disease patients’ subjective descriptions of characteristics of chronic pain, sleeping patterns and health-related quality of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skogar Ö

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Örjan Skogar,1,5 Per-Arne Fall,2 Gunnar Hallgren,3 Birgitta Bringer,2 Miriam Carlsson,1 Ulla Lennartsson,3 Håkan Sandbjörk,3 Carl-Johan Törnhage,4 Johan Lökk51Department of Geriatrics, Ryhov Hospital, Jonkoping, Sweden; 2Department of Geriatrics, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden; 3Department of Neurology, 4Department of Pediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden; 5Institution of Neurobiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SwedenObjective: Nonmotor symptoms are common in Parkinson’s disease (PD. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL is negatively affected by different factors, of which pain and sleep disturbances are important contributors. This study was performed to evaluate and describe subjective experiences of pain, sleeping patterns, and HRQoL in a cohort of PD patients with chronic pain.Methods: A total of 45 participants with established PD for more than 2 years, and PD-related pain for the preceding three months, were recruited from three sites in Sweden. Data regarding time point for onset, duration and degree of pain parameters, body localization of pain, external influences, and treatments were obtained. HRQoL was evaluated with the Short Form-36® Health Survey, and sleeping patterns were registered with the Parkinson’s disease Sleep Scale, both completed along with a questionnaire.Results: In one-third of participants, pain preceded the PD diagnosis. Median pain score measured with a visual analog scale was 6.6 and 5.9 (for females and males, respectively the week before the study. In almost half of the participants, pain was present during all their waking hours. Significantly more females described their pain as troublesome, while more males described their pain as irritating. Feelings of numbness and creeping sensations at night were strongly associated with the maximal visual analog scale scores. Polypharmacy was common; 89% used medication for anxiety/insomnia, and 18% used antidepressants. Only one

  3. LAS ESCUELAS DE ASPLUND: PRIMEROS PROYECTOS, RAZONES ENSAYADAS / THE ASPLUND SCHOOLS: FIRST PROJECTS, TESTED THESES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo López-Santana

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Cualquier estudio sobre el trabajo de Gunnar Asplund irradia una nueva luz sobre las fuerzas culturales que influyeron en el periodo que precedió al Movimiento Moderno y del que el arquitecto sueco es uno de los exponentes más significativos a través de una obra que guarda buena parte de su extremo en su contenido intelectual y en el empleo simultáneo y libre de fuentes clásicas, vernáculas y modernas. En este sentido, durante la finalización de sus estudios en una academia no oficial y en los comienzos de su carrera, una serie de acontecimientos desencadenados provocaron que Asplund tuviera que abordar una serie de proyectos de pequeñas viviendas particulares así como concursos para escuelas; de modo que todos ellos resultan altamente ilustrativos para comprender buena parte de su proceder profesional al establecer estos una serie de motivos comunes que irán apareciendo en los distintos trabajos del arquitecto. En este artículo se analizan los precedentes que propiciaron todos esos proyectos desarrollando principalmente el acontecer de dos de ellos: desde su formación en la escuela Klara de Estocolmo (1910/11 a sus proyectos para la escuela de secundaria Vägga en Karlshamn (1912-18 y la ampliación de la escuela de primaria Karl Johan en Göteborg (1915-24. SUMMARY Any study on the activity of Gunnar Asplund sheds new light on the cultural forces at play in the period preceding the Modern Movement, of which the Swedish architect is one of the most significant examples by way of a work that relies primarily on its intellectual content and the concurrent and free use of classical, vernacular and modern sources. In this sense, at the time he finished his studies at a non-official academy and was beginning his career, a chain of events made Asplund take on a series of projects for small private homes as well as calls for tender for schools; all of these are highly illustrative for understanding most of his professional activity

  4. Validity and Reliability of 10-Hz Global Positioning System to Assess In-line Movement and Change of Direction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolaidis, Pantelis T; Clemente, Filipe M; van der Linden, Cornelis M I; Rosemann, Thomas; Knechtle, Beat

    2018-01-01

    The objectives of the present study were to examine the validity and reliability of the 10 Hz Johan GPS unit in assessing in-line movement and change of direction. The validity was tested against the criterion measure of 200 m track-and-field (track-and-field athletes, n = 8) and 20 m shuttle run endurance test (female soccer players, n = 20). Intra-unit and inter-unit reliability was tested by intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and coefficient of variation (CV), respectively. An analysis of variance examined differences between the GPS measurement and five laps of 200 m at 15 km/h, and t -test examined differences between the GPS measurement and 20 m shuttle run endurance test. The difference between the GPS measurement and 200 m distance ranged from -0.13 ± 3.94 m (95% CI -3.42; 3.17) in the first lap to 2.13 ± 2.64 m (95% CI -0.08; 4.33) in the fifth lap. A good intra-unit reliability was observed in 200 m (ICC = 0.833, 95% CI 0.535; 0.962). Inter-unit CV ranged from 1.31% (fifth lap) to 2.20% (third lap). The difference between the GPS measurement and 20 m shuttle run endurance test ranged from 0.33 ± 4.16 m (95% CI -10.01; 10.68) in 11.5 km/h to 9.00 ± 5.30 m (95% CI 6.44; 11.56) in 8.0 km/h. A moderate intra-unit reliability was shown in the second and third stage of the 20 m shuttle run endurance test (ICC = 0.718, 95% CI 0.222;0.898) and good reliability in the fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth (ICC = 0.831, 95% CI -0.229;0.996). Inter-unit CV ranged from 2.08% (11.5 km/h) to 3.92% (8.5 km/h). Based on these findings, it was concluded that the 10 Hz Johan system offers an affordable valid and reliable tool for coaches and fitness trainers to monitor training and performance.

  5. Validity and Reliability of 10-Hz Global Positioning System to Assess In-line Movement and Change of Direction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pantelis T. Nikolaidis

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of the present study were to examine the validity and reliability of the 10 Hz Johan GPS unit in assessing in-line movement and change of direction. The validity was tested against the criterion measure of 200 m track-and-field (track-and-field athletes, n = 8 and 20 m shuttle run endurance test (female soccer players, n = 20. Intra-unit and inter-unit reliability was tested by intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC and coefficient of variation (CV, respectively. An analysis of variance examined differences between the GPS measurement and five laps of 200 m at 15 km/h, and t-test examined differences between the GPS measurement and 20 m shuttle run endurance test. The difference between the GPS measurement and 200 m distance ranged from −0.13 ± 3.94 m (95% CI −3.42; 3.17 in the first lap to 2.13 ± 2.64 m (95% CI −0.08; 4.33 in the fifth lap. A good intra-unit reliability was observed in 200 m (ICC = 0.833, 95% CI 0.535; 0.962. Inter-unit CV ranged from 1.31% (fifth lap to 2.20% (third lap. The difference between the GPS measurement and 20 m shuttle run endurance test ranged from 0.33 ± 4.16 m (95% CI −10.01; 10.68 in 11.5 km/h to 9.00 ± 5.30 m (95% CI 6.44; 11.56 in 8.0 km/h. A moderate intra-unit reliability was shown in the second and third stage of the 20 m shuttle run endurance test (ICC = 0.718, 95% CI 0.222;0.898 and good reliability in the fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth (ICC = 0.831, 95% CI −0.229;0.996. Inter-unit CV ranged from 2.08% (11.5 km/h to 3.92% (8.5 km/h. Based on these findings, it was concluded that the 10 Hz Johan system offers an affordable valid and reliable tool for coaches and fitness trainers to monitor training and performance.

  6. How Alexander von Humboldt's life story can inspire innovative soil research in developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Bouma

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The pioneering vision of Alexander von Humboldt of science and society of the early 1800s is still highly relevant today. His open mind and urge to make many measurements characterizing the interconnected web of life are crucial ingredients as we now face the worldwide challenge of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Case studies in the Philippines, Vietnam, Kenya, Niger, and Costa Rica demonstrate, in Alexander's spirit, interaction with stakeholders and attention to unique local conditions, applying modern measurement and modeling methods and allowing inter- and transdisciplinary research approaches. But relations between science and society are increasingly problematic, partly as a result of the information revolution and post-truth, fact-free thinking. Overly regulated and financially restricted scientific communities in so-called developed countries may stifle intellectual creativity. Researchers in developing countries are urged to leapfrog these problems in the spirit of Alexander von Humboldt as they further develop their scientific communities. Six suggestions to the science community are made with particular attention to soil science. (The Humboldt lecture, presented by the 2017 recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt lecture, Johan Bouma, can be accessed at http://client.cntv.at/egu2017/ml1.

  7. Laveren tussen loyaal en formalistisch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Renders

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Meindert Fennema en Johan Rhijnsburger, Dr. Max Hirschfeld. Man van het grote geld (Amsterdam 2007.Hovering between Loyalty and BureaucracyHans Max Hirschfeld has often been the subject of discussion: he was Secretary General of the Ministry of Trade and Industry during World War II and, as such, a collaborator. Or should we regard him as a faithful and obedient civil servant who simply performed the task entrusted to him by his successive (political superiors? The question is all the more intriguing because Hirschfeld was of German descent, even though he only lived in the land of his birth for four months of his life. Hirschfeld has been the subject of two successive biographies. In the opening article of this dossier on Meindert Fennema’s biography of Hirschfeld, Hans Renders describes the value that the biographical genre holds for history writing. Although there is certainly some criticism to be levelled at Fennema’s biography, he has succeeded in providing a balanced account of this sphinx-like man. This is indeed an achievement, as Hirschfeld’s private archive was destroyed upon his death. Thanks to the use of other sources, the biographer makes a convincing case that Hirschfeld’s thoughts and deeds were strongly influenced by the headstrong Claude-Henri de Saint-Simon (1760-1825.

  8. Moral differences in deep continuous palliative sedation and euthanasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juth, Niklas; Lindblad, Anna; Lynöe, Niels; Sjöstrand, Manne; Helgesson, Gert

    2013-06-01

    In palliative care there is much debate about which end of life treatment strategies are legitimate and which are not. Some writers argue that there is an important moral dividing-line between palliative sedation and euthanasia, making the first acceptable and the latter not. We have questioned this. In a recent article, Lars Johan Materstvedt has argued that we are wrong on two accounts: first, that we fail to account properly for the moral difference between continuous deep palliative sedation at the end of life and euthanasia, and, second, that we fail to account properly for the difference between permanent loss of consciousness and death. Regarding the first objection, we argue that Materstvedt misses the point: we agree that there is a difference in terms of intentions between continuous deep palliative sedation and euthanasia, but we question whether this conceptual difference makes up for a moral difference. Materstvedt fails to show that it does. Regarding the second objection, we argue that if nothing else is at stake than the value of the patient's life, permanent unconsciousness and death are morally indifferent.

  9. Game Spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Erik

    2015-01-01

    , called “pervasive games.” These are games that are based on computer technology, but use a physical space as the game space as opposed to video games. Coupling spatial configuration with performance theory of rituals as liminal phenomena, I put forward a model and a new understanding of the magic circle......When we play games of any kind, from tennis to board games, it is easy to notice that games seem to be configured in space, often using stripes or a kind of map on a board. Some games are clearly performed within this marked border, while it may be difficult to pinpoint such a border in games like...... hide-and-seek, but even these games are still spatially configured. The border (visible or not) both seem to separate and uphold the game that it is meant for. This chapter sets out to analyse the possible border that separates a game from the surrounding world. Johan Huizinga noted this “separateness...

  10. Gastric cancer: epidemiology, prevention, classification, and treatment

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    Sitarz R

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Robert Sitarz,1–3 Małgorzata Skierucha,1,2 Jerzy Mielko,1 G Johan A Offerhaus,3 Ryszard Maciejewski,2 Wojciech P Polkowski1 1Department of Surgical Oncology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland; 2Department of Human Anatomy, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland; 3Department of Pathology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands Abstract: Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths in the world, the epidemiology of which has changed within last decades. A trend of steady decline in gastric cancer incidence rates is the effect of the increased standards of hygiene, conscious nutrition, and Helicobacter pylori eradication, which together constitute primary prevention. Avoidance of gastric cancer remains a priority. However, patients with higher risk should be screened for early detection and chemoprevention. Surgical resection enhanced by standardized lymphadenectomy remains the gold standard in gastric cancer therapy. This review briefly summarizes the most important aspects of gastric cancers, which include epidemiology, risk factors, classification, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. The paper is mostly addressed to physicians who are interested in updating the state of art concerning gastric carcinoma from easily accessible and credible source. Keywords: gastric cancer, epidemiology, classification, risk factors, treatment

  11. Regte, gesag en waardes

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    Francois Venter

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Rights, authority and valuesIn view of Johan van der Vyver's immense contribution to the clarification of the meaning of legal concepts, the establishment of terminology, the analysis of doctrines and the explanation of the foundations of matters, it is considered appropriate in this article to revisit a question which has occupied jurists since time immemorial, namely what a right might be. This question cannot be addressed without dealing with the context in which it stands. Therefore the fa te of the doctrine of subjective rights is firstly traced, after which the phenomena of human rights and fundamental rights are discussed Following these analyses, the question whether a single, comprehensive concept of right is viable is considered. In this context the need for the legal scholar to thoroughly consider the origin or justification for the existence of government authority is motivated. It seems as though unanimity about a concept o f right at anything beyond a relatively superficial, mechanical level is not really possible, but that a meaningful scholarly discourse on the matter is possible, at least among scholars who acknowledge the determining role of unverifiable presuppositions in the practice of scholarship. Finally it is argued that there is a connection between the values of the Constitution, the exercise of government authority and the development of a South African concept of right.

  12. Terror i tvillingtårnene – dystopi og ironi? 9/11 i Darlah og En terrorist i senga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lersbryggen Mørk, Kjersti

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Terror in the Twin Towers – dystopia and irony? 9/11 in Darlah and En terrorist i senga. Through globalization of our media society, children as well as adults are endlessly exposed to information and images from all over the world. In Norway, signs of the terrorist attack on the Twin Towers in USA on September 11th 2001 are now to be found in literature for children and young adults. With globalization theory and post-colonial theory I will examine how two novels present global challenges in general and 9/11 in particular. What does globalization mean for the construction of identity? Who are “we”, and who are “the others”? The novel for young adults, Darlah – 172 timer på månen [Darlah – 172 hours on the moon] (2008 by Johan Harstad, is a dystopia where 9/11 points forward to a full scale catastrophe for humanity. En terrorist i senga [There's a terrorist in my bed] (2008, a novel for children by Endre Lund Eriksen, makes explicit references to 9/11 – but with playfulness and ironic revelation of xenophobia. Both books use aliens from outer space as “the other”, but where Darlah presents a pessimistic view of our global future, En terrorist i senga is optimistic on behalf of the humankind.

  13. Van der Vyver’s analysis of rights: a case study drawn from thirteenth-century canon law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles J. Reid, Jr.

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available In an important article published in 1988, Johan Van der Vyver challenged the prevailing reliance on Wesley Hohfeld’s taxonomy of rights. Hohfeld's division of rights into claims, powers, privileges and immunities, Van der Vyver stresses, is excessively concerned with "inter-individual legal relations” at the expense of the right-holder's relationship to the object of the right. Van der Vyver proposes instead that an assertion of right involves three distinct juridic aspects:• legal capacity, which is "the competence to occupy the offices of legal subject;• legal claim, which "comprises claims of a legal subject as against other persons to a legal object";• legal entitlement, which specifies the boundaries of the right-holder's ability to use, enjoy, consume, destroy or alienate the right in question.This article applies Van der Vyver’s taxonomy to the operations of thirteenthcentury canon law, and demonstrates that Van der Vyver’s analysis provides greater depth than Hohfeld's, in that it considers both the relationship of the person claiming a particular right and the object of that right.

  14. LS1 Report: Full-size security

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2014-01-01

    Last week several CERN teams were involved in creating a life-size mock helium leak in Sector 4-5. The goals of the exercise were to measure how quickly the helium cloud spread, the change in temperature and the level of oxygen in various parts of the tunnel at different points in time, as well as to check the effects of the helium on the machine and the infrastructures and, above all, to re-evaluate the safety standards in force in the tunnel.   This photograph of the helium cloud was taken by the firemen during the third leak test. "The safety valves designed to release helium in the event of excess pressure are currently located within a 6-metre "no-stopping area" (3 metres on either side of the valves)," explains Johan Bremer of the TE-CRG group, who was in charge of the exercise. "People working in the tunnel can move through this area but are not authorised to stop. The idea is to avoid anyone being too close to the valves in the event of a l...

  15. Formas de violencia y estrategias para narrarla en la literatura infantil y juvenil colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Castaño-Lora

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La violencia es un tema controvertido cuando se dirige a la infancia, no obstante, en la producción literaria contemporánea empieza a hacerse presente con mayor regularidad. Esta investigación toma 12 obras de la literatura infantil y juvenil colombiana escritas en los últimos treinta años para rastrear los tipos de violencia que se representan en ellas. Para lo anterior se acude a las categorías: violencia directa, estructural y cultural propuestas por el sociólogo Johan Galtung. Se analizan tanto las formas en que se concretan las categorías dentro de los relatos, como las estrategias narrativas y los símbolos que construyen los autores para abordar este fenómeno. Se concluye que se retoma la corriente del realismo con propuestas más directas para los lectores; el uso de narraciones por parte de los niños protagonistas es frecuente y se delega parte de la construcción de sentido a la imagen.

  16. Continental Shelf-Scale Passive Acoustic Detection and Characterization of Diesel-Electric Ships Using a Coherent Hydrophone Array

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Huang

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The passive ocean acoustic waveguide remote sensing (POAWRS technique is employed to detect and characterize the underwater sound radiated from three scientific research and fishing vessels received at long ranges on a large-aperture densely-sampled horizontal coherent hydrophone array. The sounds radiated from the research vessel (RV Delaware II in the Gulf of Maine, and the RV Johan Hjort and the fishing vessel (FV Artus in the Norwegian Sea are found to be dominated by distinct narrowband tonals and cyclostationary signals in the 150 Hz to 2000 Hz frequency range. The source levels of these signals are estimated by correcting the received pressure levels for transmission losses modeled using a calibrated parabolic equation-based acoustic propagation model for random range-dependent ocean waveguides. The probability of the detection region for the most prominent signal radiated by each ship is estimated and shown to extend over areas spanning roughly 200 km in diameter when employing a coherent hydrophone array. The current standard procedure for quantifying ship-radiated sound source levels via one-third octave bandwidth intensity averaging smoothes over the prominent tonals radiated by a ship that can stand 10 to 30 dB above the local broadband level, which may lead to inaccurate or incorrect assessments of the impact of ship-radiated sound.

  17. CATEGORIAS DE JOGO E JOGOS TEXTUAIS: UMA LEITURA DE O JOGO DA AMARELINHA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tânia Winch Lisbôa

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa a noção de jogo e de jogos textuais na obra O jogo da amarelinha (no original Rayuela, de Julio Cortázar. Para a efetivação dessa análise foram utilizados, como referencial teórico, os estudos de Johan Huizinga, Roger Caillois e Wolfgang Iser, destacando as quatro categorias de jogo - agôn, alea, mimicry e ilinx - introduzidas por Caillois e readequadas ao texto literário, sob o ponto de vista dos jogos textuais, por Iser. A partir desses conceitos teóricos que evidenciam questões pertinentes ao jogo em geral e aos jogos textuais em particular, considerando-se que esse é um estudo de aplicação, procurou-se evidenciar como essas quatro categorias de jogo se manifestam no texto literário do escritor argentino através dos jogos textuais.

  18. Delírios I – Agonia e experiência (jogos de vida e morte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinícius Nicastro Honesko

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente ensaio pretende expor uma idéia de agonia como jogo de vida e morte no qual imerge o artista no ato de criação. A partir das leituras e conceituações do termo jogo em Johan Huizinga e em Roger Caillois, mostra como tais idéias são importantes para compreender a experiência humana diante do incompreensível que é a morte. Aponta como a agonia inspira no poeta, principalmente na modernidade, uma distância em relação às certezas do conhecimento, implicando uma leitura etimológica do termo experiência, isto é, como ex periri, (aqui, também, jogo de vida e morte. Por fim, procura ver como os traços desse jogo – uma eterna luta – sutilmente se mostram nos pânicos de Murilo Mendes e de Paul Gauguin, artistas nos quais a consciência dessa luta é atravessada pela imagem do lugar por excelência da agonia: o Calvário.

  19. Abnormal auditory forward masking pattern in the brainstem response of individuals with Asperger syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Källstrand

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Johan Källstrand1, Olle Olsson2, Sara Fristedt Nehlstedt1, Mia Ling Sköld1, Sören Nielzén21SensoDetect AB, Lund, Sweden; 2Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry, Lund University, Lund, SwedenAbstract: Abnormal auditory information processing has been reported in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD. In the present study auditory processing was investigated by recording auditory brainstem responses (ABRs elicited by forward masking in adults diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (AS. Sixteen AS subjects were included in the forward masking experiment and compared to three control groups consisting of healthy individuals (n = 16, schizophrenic patients (n = 16 and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder patients (n = 16, respectively, of matching age and gender. The results showed that the AS subjects exhibited abnormally low activity in the early part of their ABRs that distinctly separated them from the three control groups. Specifically, wave III amplitudes were significantly lower in the AS group than for all the control groups in the forward masking condition (P < 0.005, which was not the case in the baseline condition. Thus, electrophysiological measurements of ABRs to complex sound stimuli (eg, forward masking may lead to a better understanding of the underlying neurophysiology of AS. Future studies may further point to specific ABR characteristics in AS individuals that separate them from individuals diagnosed with other neurodevelopmental diseases.Keywords: asperger syndrome, auditory brainstem response, forward masking, psychoacoustics

  20. Reaching out to people struggling with their lives: a discourse analysis of answers from Internet-based services in Norway and Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andersen AJ

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Anders Johan W Andersen,1 Tommy Svensson21Department of Psychosocial Health, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway; 2Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, SwedenAbstract: The Internet has enlarged the scope of human communication, opening new avenues for connecting with people who are struggling with their lives. This article presents a discourse analysis of 101 responses to 98 questions that were posted on 14 different Internet-based mental health services in Norway and Sweden. We aimed to examine and describe the dominant understandings and favored recommendations in the services’ answers, and we reflected upon the social consequences of those answers. The services generally understood life struggles as an abnormal state of mind, life rhythms, or self-reinforcing loops. Internet-based mental health services primarily counsel service users to seek help, talk to health care professionals face-to-face, and discuss their life struggles openly and honestly. They also urge service users to take better care of themselves and socialize with other people. However, such answers might enhance the individualization of life problems, masking social origin and construction. Consequently, the services are challenged to include social explanations in their answers and strengthen their responsibility to amplify peoples’ messages at a societal level. Potentially, such answers could strengthen democratic structures and put pressure on social equity.Keywords: depression, e-mental health, health psychology, Internet, public health

  1. Frederik Kaiser (1808-1872) and the Modernisation of Dutch Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Heijden, Petra

    Frederik Kaiser was the director of Leiden Observatory from 1837 until his death in 1872. Educated by his German-born uncle Johan Frederik Keyser (1766-1823), who was a proficient amateur astronomer, Kaiser proved to be a real observational talent. Despite the poor conditions in which he worked, his observations soon rivalled with the best in the world. Kaiser's contributions to astronomical practice include the foundation of a new, completely up-to-date observatory building in Leiden, and the introduction of statistics and precision measurements in daily practice at the observatory. Moreover he was the author of several bestselling books on popular astronomy. Kaiser had an extensive correspondence with colleagues all over Europe, mostly in Germany. Correpondents include Airy, Argelander, Von Auwers, Bessel, Encke, John Herschel, LeVerrier, Von Littrow, Schumacher, Otto W. Struve, as well as several geodesists and instrument makers. Preliminary research indicates that Frederik Kaiser played a crucial role in the revival of Dutch astronomy in the second half of the 19th century. This project aims at analysing and explaining Kaiser's activities in science, institutionalisation and popularisation, in the context of national and international developments in 19th-century astronomy and scientific culture.

  2. Guided bone augmentation using ceramic space-maintaining devices: the impact of chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderud J

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Jonas Anderud,1,2 Peter Abrahamsson,2 Ryo Jimbo,1 Sten Isaksson,2 Erik Adolfsson,3 Johan Malmström,2 Yoshihito Naito,4 Ann Wennerberg1 1Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden; 2Maxillofacial Unit Halmstad, Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden; 3Swedish Ceramic Institute, IVF, Mölndal, Sweden; 4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Oral Implantology, Institute of Health Biosciences, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan Abstract: The purpose of the study was to evaluate histologically, whether vertical bone augmentation can be achieved using a hollow ceramic space maintaining device in a rabbit calvaria model. Furthermore, the chemistry of microporous hydroxyapatite and zirconia were tested to determine which of these two ceramics are most suitable for guided bone generation. 24 hollow domes in two different ceramic materials were placed subperiosteal on rabbit skull bone. The rabbits were sacrificed after 12 weeks and the histology results were analyzed regarding bone-to-material contact and volume of newly formed bone. The results suggest that the effect of the microporous structure of hydroxyapatite seems to facilitate for the bone cells to adhere to the material and that zirconia enhance a slightly larger volume of newly formed bone. In conclusion, the results of the current study demonstrated that ceramic space maintaining devices permits new bone formation and osteoconduction within the dome. Keywords: hydroxyapatite, zirconia, guided bone regeneration, GBR, histology, membrane

  3. Peacebuilding in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.Sc. Ngadhnjim Brovina

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Peacebuilding as a definitions has been initiated and studied quite late, while as a concept it begun to be used after the Cold War. The well-known researcher Johan Galtung, was the one who developed and reasoned the notion of peacebuilding as well as its development phasing. For this scientific paper, which deals with peacebuilding, we have chosen as a case study, the case of Kosovo. The main objective of this paper is to present the developments in Kosovo, and its journey towards peacebuilding, starting from 1999, a period when the war ends and peace begins. Materials elaborated in this paper, are mainly articles and scientific papers by foreign authors, because it is worthwhile and important to have an insight into their point of view regarding Kosovo peacebuilding case. The methodology applied in this research paper, is based on the analysis of these materials, using descriptive and historical method, through which we will highlight the case of peacebuilding in Kosovo. The expected outcomes of this paper, aim to present the definition of peacebuilding as a concept as well as its usage in the case of Kosovo, as a case study used in this research paper. It also aims to show the challenges that Kosovo politics have encountered in order to build a sustainable peace. In the conclusions of this paper, we would like to present the case of peacebuilding in Kosovo as a success story, and this case may be used as a model for other international cases where needed.

  4. Oscar Montelius and Chinese Archaeology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xingcan Chen

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper demonstrates that Oscar Montelius (1843–1921, the world-famous Swedish archaeologist, had a key role in the development of modern scientific Chinese archaeology and the discovery of China’s prehistory. We know that one of his major works, Die Methode, the first volume of his Älteren kulturperioden im Orient und in Europa, translated into Chinese in the 1930s, had considerable influence on generations of Chinese archaeologists and art historians. What has previously remained unknown, is that Montelius personally promoted the research undertaken in China by Johan Gunnar Andersson (1874–1960, whose discoveries of Neolithic cultures in the 1920s constituted the breakthrough and starting point for the development of prehistoric archaeology in China. In this paper, we reproduce, translate and discuss a long forgotten memorandum written by Montelius in 1920 in support of Andersson’s research. In this Montelius indicated his belief in the potential of prehistoric Chinese archaeology as well as his predictions regarding the discoveries about to be made. It is therefore an important document for the study of the history of Chinese archaeology as a whole.

  5. Who are Cerverí's Worst Enemies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Cabré

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This reading proposes a new interpretation of a poem by Catalan troubadour Cerverí de Girona (fl. 1259-85, an interpretation that departs from the accepted, literal solution to this poem (looking for "enemies" Cerverì descries among the political or familial figures surrounding the poet to show, via an intertextual reading, that these "enemies" are only metaphorical. Cerverì is the proud successor of two centuries of troubadour tradition at the Aragonese court of Pere the Great, facing the influx of fashionable Angevin trends, especially the dance-songs imported from the court of Pere of Arragon's enemy Charles of Anjou. Like Sordello's Ensehnamen, Cerverì's poem 'Una re dey a Deu grazir’ serves as a focal point to refract his present and past career: polemical when his patron was young, more stately now that Cerverí is the public voice of a king. It is a comparison with the Portuguese trovador Johan Soarez Coelho (active at the court of Alfonso III of Portugal until 1279 that conclusively proves the "identity" of Cerveri's "enemies": his own eyes that have betrayed him. The two poets would have interacted at the Toledo court of Alfonso X of Castile in 1269.

  6. Conference on the role of biomethane in the energy transition in France and in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reizine, Stanislas; Edel, Matthias; Theobald, Olivier; Pierre, Frederic; Mestrel, Jean Marc; Grope, Johan; Scholwin, Frank; Eberlein, Jens; Renard, Suzanne; Trommler, Marcus; Demeusy, Tatiana; Chapelat, Nicolas; Lefebvre, Mathieu

    2015-01-01

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on the role of biomethane in the energy transition in France and in Germany. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, about 110 participants exchanged views on the status of the legal framework and of the development of biomethane industry in the French and German energy transitions. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - Biomethane injection in France - elaboration and implementation of the price structure (Stanislas Reizine); 2 - Biomethane framework conditions in Germany 3 - German Road-map for Biomethane (Matthias Edel); 4 - A vision for biomethane in France in 2030 - purified biogas injection in the natural gas network (Olivier Theobald); 5 - Biomethane produced by the Strasbourg-la Wantzenau waste water plant and injected into the GDS natural gas network (Frederic Pierre); 6 - Biomethane fuel in Lille city: 1995-2015 100% clean and renewable energy in transportation (Jean Marc Mestrel); 7 - Biomethane from organic waste and its utilisation (Johan Grope); 8 - Marketing of Biomethane to end consumers (Jens Eberlein); 9 - Developing new approaches to promote injection into the grid (Suzanne Renard); 10 - Demand driven power supply from Bioenergy - a balancing option for power distribution networks (Marcus Trommler); 11 - Flexible biogas production and its integration to power and gas grids (Tatiana Demeusy); 12 - A partnership for the development of Agricultural methanization plants around a single injection point (Nicolas Chapelat); 13 - Keynotes: biomethane development paths to favour (Mathieu Lefebvre)

  7. On the early history of the Finnish Meteorological Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevanlinna, H.

    2014-03-01

    This article is a review of the foundation (in 1838) and later developments of the Helsinki (Finland) magnetic and meteorological observatory, today the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI). The main focus of the study is in the early history of the FMI up to the beginning of the 20th century. The first director of the observatory was Physics Professor Johan Jakob Nervander (1805-1848). He was a famous person of the Finnish scientific, academic and cultural community in the early decades of the 19th century. Finland was an autonomously part of the Russian Empire from 1809 to 1917, but the observatory remained organizationally under the University of Helsinki, independent of Russian scientific institutions, and funded by the Finnish Government. Throughout the late-19th century the Meteorological Institute was responsible of nationwide meteorological, hydrological and marine observations and research. The observatory was transferred to the Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters under the name the Central Meteorological Institute in 1881. The focus of the work carried out in the Institute was changed gradually towards meteorology. Magnetic measurements were still continued but in a lower level of importance. The culmination of Finnish geophysical achievements in the 19th century was the participation to the International Polar Year programme in 1882-1883 by setting up a full-scale meteorological and magnetic observatory in Sodankylä, Lapland.

  8. [Usefulness of clinical prediction rules for ruling out deep vein thrombosis in a hospital emergency department].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa-Jiménez, Francisco; Rosa-Jiménez, Ascensión; Lozano-Rodríguez, Aquiles; Santoro-Martínez, María Del Carmen; Duro-López, María Del Carmen; Carreras-Álvarez de Cienfuegos, Amelia

    2015-01-01

    To compare the efficacy of the most familiar clinical prediction rules in combination with D-dimer testing to rule out a diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in a hospital emergency department. Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the case records of all patients attending a hospital emergency department with suspected lower-limb DVT between 1998 and 2002. Ten clinical prediction scores were calculated and D-dimer levels were available for all patients. The gold standard was ultrasound diagnosis of DVT by an independent radiologist who was blinded to clinical records. For each prediction rule, we analyzed the effectiveness of the prediction strategy defined by "low clinical probability and negative D-dimer level" against the ultrasound diagnosis. A total of 861 case records were reviewed and 577 cases were selected; the mean (SD) age was 66.7 (14.2) years. DVT was diagnosed in 145 patients (25.1%). Only the Wells clinical prediction rule and 4 other models had a false negative rate under 2%. The Wells criteria and the score published by Johanning and colleagues identified higher percentages of cases (15.6% and 11.6%, respectively). This study shows that several clinical prediction rules can be safely used in the emergency department, although none of them have proven more effective than the Wells criteria.

  9. Electrifying reviews of the central North Sea area; Elektrisifiseringsvurderinger for midtre Nordsjoe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husdal, Geir

    2012-06-15

    We conducted a site evaluation of power from land to several fields in the central North Sea. The findings are included Dagny, Edvard Grieg, Draupne and Johan Sverdrup. In addition, an unidentified future field is included in the evaluation. Unclassified cost estimates have been prepared and measures cost is calculated for a main concept based on a set of assumptions and suppositions. To check the robustness of the results and to identify which parameters the results are most sensitive to, we conducted sensitivity analyzes in which key assumptions are changed. The study shows a cost of Nok 412 Nok / tonne reduction in Co2 emissions. This is slightly higher than the sum of the current Co2 tax and quota price, but lower than the Co2 cost proposed in the white paper. Sensitivity calculations show that the cost of measures is very sensitive to investment costs, future energy demand and the price difference between gas sold on the continent and electricity from the grid in Norway. (eb)

  10. Literature as Enchantment or the Regained Grandeur of the Novel: An Essay on Salman Rushdie’s Novel The Enchantress of Florence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andriescu Garcia Anca

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available My essay intends to analyze the dialectic relationship between historical reality and fiction in the novel The Enchantress of Florence by Salman Rushdie. I will point out a sophisticated and playful story in which the author interweaves elements of history and literature, a game-story that transcends the canonical limits of postmodernism where the novel has constantly been placed by the critical establishment, and goes back to the beginnings, to the anthropological function of play as an essential human activity that was once defined by Johan Huizinga in Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play-element in Culture. Moreover, my paper will explore how this play becomes Rushdie’s attempt to return to the original function of literature which used to enchant and inform at the same time. Once these roots have been reached, however, and the secondary reality of the literary game is well-established, Rushdie manages to break the barriers between reality and fiction, and through versatile textual mechanisms, to intermingle history and reality in a way that makes them merge. Consequently, he composes a play within fiction that is just as powerful as reality itself and suggests the fact that representation has more ontological consistency than the represented body or event itself. We exist as long as we are written and talked about, and nothing in the order of reality can be as powerful as the reality of language.

  11. Final Report for ''Client Server Software for the National Transport Code Collaboration''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    John R Cary, Johan A Carlsson

    2006-01-01

    The Tech-X contribution to the NTCC project was completed on 03/31/06. Below are some of the highlights of the final year. A TEQ users meeting was held at the Sherwood 2005 conference and a tech-support mail list was created (teq-users(at)fusion.txcorp.com). The stand-alone separatrix module was added to the NTCC repository and is available on the web. For the main TEQ module a portable build system was developed (based on GNU Autotools and similar to the separatrix build system). Especially IBM xlf had problems with mixed code (F77 with F90 snippets) in the same file and approximately 6000 lines of code was rewritten as pure F90. Circular dependencies between F90 modules were resolved to robustly allow correct compilation order. Exception handling was implemented in both the separatrix and TEQ modules and an user manual was written for TEQ. Johan Carlsson visited LLNL 05/16/05-05/20/05

  12. De sociale positie van stadsvroedvrouwen in vroegmodern Dordrecht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Naaktgeboren

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The social position of city midwives in early modern DordrechtMost early modern Dutch doctors portrayed city midwives in their writings as illiterate, poor, ignorant, and unprofessional. It was believed that their low position made them unable to give adequate medical advice to pregnant women and to assist them in giving birth. For this reason, city governments would have felt compelled to issue several ordinances aimed at raising the level of professional knowledge and behaviour of midwives. This article uses two approaches to challenge these stereotypes regarding city midwives by means of a case study of early modern Dordrecht (1620-1720. In the first part the ideas of the Dutch city doctor Johan van Beverwijck (1594-1647 are explained. He was one of the first writers to present a moderately positive image of the medical responsibilities of city midwives. In the second part their social background is investigated with the help of prosopographical material (income, marital status, husband’s occupation, and home address. Furthermore, it is argued that, in addition to medical tasks, city midwives also had legal and religious duties. The combination of these sources illustrates that city midwives, as city servants, formed an integral part of society in early modern Dordrecht.

  13. How Alexander von Humboldt's life story can inspire innovative soil research in developing countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouma, Johan

    2017-09-01

    The pioneering vision of Alexander von Humboldt of science and society of the early 1800s is still highly relevant today. His open mind and urge to make many measurements characterizing the interconnected web of life are crucial ingredients as we now face the worldwide challenge of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Case studies in the Philippines, Vietnam, Kenya, Niger, and Costa Rica demonstrate, in Alexander's spirit, interaction with stakeholders and attention to unique local conditions, applying modern measurement and modeling methods and allowing inter- and transdisciplinary research approaches. But relations between science and society are increasingly problematic, partly as a result of the information revolution and post-truth, fact-free thinking. Overly regulated and financially restricted scientific communities in so-called developed countries may stifle intellectual creativity. Researchers in developing countries are urged to leapfrog these problems in the spirit of Alexander von Humboldt as they further develop their scientific communities. Six suggestions to the science community are made with particular attention to soil science. (The Humboldt lecture, presented by the 2017 recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt lecture, Johan Bouma, can be accessed at http://client.cntv.at/egu2017/ml1.)

  14. Consensus statement on panic disorder from the International Consensus Group on Depression and Anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballenger, J C; Davidson, J R; Lecrubier, Y; Nutt, D J; Baldwin, D S; den Boer, J A; Kasper, S; Shear, M K

    1998-01-01

    To provide primary care clinicians with a better understanding of management issues in panic disorder and guide clinical practice with recommendations for appropriate pharmacotherapy. The 4 members of the International Consensus Group on Depression and Anxiety were James C. Ballenger (chair), Jonathan R. T. Davidson, Yves Lecrubier, and David J. Nutt. Four faculty invited by the chairman also participated: David S. Baldwin, Johan A. den Boer, Siegfried Kasper, and M. Katherine Shear. The consensus statement is based on the 6 review papers that are published in this supplement and on the scientific literature relevant to these issues. There were group meetings held during a 2-day period. On day 1, the group discussed each review paper and the chairman and discussant (Dr. Kasper) identified key issues for further debate. On day 2, the group discussed these key issues to arrive at a consensus view. After the group meetings, the consensus statement was drafted by the chairman and approved by all attendees. The consensus statement provides standard definitions for response and remission and identifies appropriate strategy for the management of panic disorder in a primary care setting. Serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors are recommended as drugs of first choice with a treatment period of 12 to 24 months. Pharmacotherapy should be discontinued slowly over a period of 4 to 6 months.

  15. Bach music in preterm infants: no 'Mozart effect' on resting energy expenditure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keidar, H Rosenfeld; Mandel, D; Mimouni, F B; Lubetzky, R

    2014-02-01

    To study whether Johan Sebastian Bach music has a lowering effect on resting energy expenditure (REE) similar to that of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart music. Prospective, randomized clinical trial with cross-over in 12 healthy, appropriate weights for gestational age (GA), gavage fed, metabolically stable, preterm infants. Infants were randomized to a 30-min period of either Mozart or Bach music or no music over 3 consecutive days. REE was measured every minute by indirect calorimetry. Three REE measurements were performed in each of 12 infants at age 20±15.8 days. Mean GA was 30.17±2.44 weeks and mean birthweight was 1246±239 g. REE was similar during the first 10-min of all three randomization periods. During the next 10-min period, infants exposed to music by Mozart had a trend toward lower REE than when not exposed to music. This trend became significant during the third 10-min period. In contrast, music by Bach or no music did not affect significantly REE during the whole study. On average, the effect size of Mozart music upon REE was a reduction of 7.7% from baseline. Mozart music significantly lowers REE in preterm infants, whereas Bach music has no similar effect. We speculate that 'Mozart effect' must be taken into account when incorporating music in the therapy of preterm infants, as not all types of music may have similar effects upon REE and growth.

  16. Workshop to promote the ratification of the protocol on heavy metals across the entire UN ECE region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-12-15

    Within the workshop of the German Federal Environment Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) at 14th to 16th May, 2008 in Yerevan (Armenia), the following lectures were held: (1) The convention and its protocols - framework and requirements (Tea Aulavuo); (2) Development of the heavy metals protocol up to now (D. Jost); (3) Experiences in transposing the obligations of the HM protocol into national law (Ivan Angelov); (4) Evaluation of concentrations of air pollutants and depositions of HM over the EECCA region (Ilia Ilyin); (5) The effectiveness of the HM protocol - emission reductions and costs (TNO-study) (M. van het Bolscher); (6) Technologies and techniques and their emission reduction potential and costs (Andre Peeters Weem); (7) Synergies of reduction of HM and particulate matter (Katja Kraus); (8) Critical loads / critical levels and effects of HM - integrated assessment (Jean-Paul Hettelingh); (9) Additional technical measures / options and their reduction potential (M. van het Bolscher); (10) Overview of the situation in the EECCA region - evaluation of a questionnaire of the Secretariat of the LRTAP Convention and ideas on revising the protocol and its annexes (Johan Sliggers); (11) Future aims of the TF (Katja Kraus).

  17. Managed Play: The Media’s Impact on Play in the Australian Football League

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duncan Samuel Keith

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available No industry has influenced the transformation of the Australian Football League (AFL into a professional, commercial business more than the media. Today, the AFL players are paid more than ever and are used as marketing tools to promote and sell the game, often to new fans in new markets of Australia - namely New South Wales and Queensland - who haven’t traditionally played Australian Football, preferring the rugby codes instead. But perhaps the biggest change in the AFL is that the play element is now used as function of business. Put simply, winning leads to more money. As such, the play element is now manipulated more than ever. The game has more coaches implementing more tactics, strategies, game plans and set plays than ever before. These changes can be linked back to the media’s influence on the game. This paper utilises the combined observations and theories of Johan Huizinga and Pierre Bourdieu to create a theoretical lens through which we can understand the media’s growing influence in sport and its impact on play’s transformation. The theory will then be expounded through an extensive analysis of the media’s influence in the AFL, particularly its play element. This analysis will be supported with insights and views from AFL fans, members, commentators and theorists.

  18. The reconstruction of Amerongen Castle (1673-1685

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruud Meischke

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The proceedings during the reconstruction of Amerongen castle in the years 1673-1685 were exceptionally well-documented thanks to the extensive correspondence of the client Godert Adriaan van Reede with his wife Margaretha Turnor, his son, his secretary and his friend Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen, and thanks to some well-preserved reports and drawings of the building contractor Hendrick Schut. From the start the client had probably formed a idea of his new castle; its design, however, was supervised by Schut, who was also the building contractor and master carpenter of the work, assisted by the master mason Cornelis van Rietvelt and the stone mason Jan Prang. In February 1673 the castle was set fire to by French troops and completely destroyed. From September 1673 Van Reede himself was in the Netherlands for a few years and could therefore prepare the reconstruction in person and supervise the start of the work. First it was mostly a matter of clearing rubble and chiselling off all the still usable bricks. In spite of permanent financial problems he succeeded in keeping up the pace. In the autumn of 1676, two years after the commencement of the work, the shell of the building was completed. While the interior was worked at in stages during the subsequent years, from 1679 the stable building and the two staff residences were also erected on the outer bailey. With the placing of the marble chimneys in the large hall in 1685 the work was largely completed. Although the old foundations were used for the reconstruction, a completely new building, with a new plan was created, to some extent based on the example of The Hague Mauritshuis. Instead of a complex of four wings around an inner courtyard, a closed three-nave building block was constructed. This switch to a completely different type of house fits in with a wider tradition in the development of castle architecture in the Province of Utrecht in the seventeenth century. The history of

  19. Sorafenib inhibits tumor growth and vascularization of rhabdomyosarcoma cells by blocking IGF-1R-mediated signaling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wessen Maruwge

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Wessen Maruwge1, Pádraig D’Arcy1, Annika Folin1,2, Slavica Brnjic1, Johan Wejde1, Anthony Davis1, Fredrik Erlandsson3, Jonas Bergh1,2, Bertha Brodin11Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Radiumhemmet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Bayer Pharmaceutical Corporation, SwedenAbstract: The growth of many soft tissue sarcomas is dependent on aberrant growth factor signaling, which promotes their proliferation and motility. With this in mind, we evaluated the effect of sorafenib, a receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, on cell growth and apoptosis in sarcoma cell lines of various histological subtypes. We found that sorafenib effectively inhibited cell proliferation in rhabdomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma and Ewing’s sarcoma with IC50 values <5 µM. Sorafenib effectively induced growth arrest in rhabdomyosarcoma cells, which was concurrent with inhibition of Akt and Erk signaling. Studies of ligand-induced phosphorylation of Erk and Akt in rhabdomyosarcoma cells showed that insulin-like growth factor-1 is a potent activator, which can be blocked by treatment with sorafenib. In vivo sorafenib treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma xenografts had a significant inhibitory effect on tumor growth, which was associated with inhibited vascularization and enhanced necrosis in the adjacent tumor stroma. Our results demonstrate that in vitro and in vivo growth of rhabdomyosarcoma can be suppressed by treatment with sorafenib, and suggests the possibilities of using sorafenib as a potential adjuvant therapy for the treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma.Keywords: soft tissue sarcoma, kinase inhibitors, targeted therapy, vascularization

  20. TECHNOLOGICAL DRIVERS OF (REVOLUTIONARY CHANGE IN MODERN SOCIETIES AND HOW DEVELOPING COUNTRIES MIGHT PRODUCTIVELY RESPOND TO THEM VIA INTENTIONAL, THOUGHTFUL “LEAPFROGGING”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric GILDER

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Over the time since he was a fresh graduate student in the early 1980s till now, this academic has seen the world being totally transformed from an analogue into a digital “format”. It all started innocently enough with large computers in rooms doing tedious counting and data-tabulating tasks on Hollerith cards while we humans carried on our analogue lives in relative peace. From 1985-1995, the world did change from an (largely unseen tsunami begun from the small waves made by these nascent digital technologies. By 1995, the CD, audio digital recorders and DVD player had replaced earlier technologies. Computers (of a second or third generation had replaced the typewriter; the Soviet bloc and its (long-decaying governance models were only a bad memory (its economic model undone by technologies and demands of the new “third wave” post-industrial knowledge society. Finally, the worldwide web Internet 2.0 was arriving, which would surely change the means and modes of the communicative acts, affecting the economic, political and social/cultural spheres in turn. Using Kenneth Boulding, Marshall McLuhan and Johan Galtung as sage guides, the paper will outline the transformations these technical inventions wrought in the economic, political and cultural spheres in rapid order over the noted decade, considering how the “developed” world has been affected by these changes, bot negatively and positively. Following this, it will briefly consider how the disruptive effects of the digital revolution experienced can be counter-balanced by looking at how “developing” communities and economies have been able to “leap-frog” barriers in how they use digital technologies for both individual and collective humanistic gain.

  1. Sharing the Planet. Population - Consumption - Species. Science and Ethics for a Sustainable and Equitable World

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Zwaan, B.; Petersen, A. (eds.)

    2003-11-01

    The world is going through the profound changes of a demographic transition. Population growth is best taken care of when women and men are able to choose freely and responsibly their number of children. The most important aspects are the availability of reliable and safe means and the access women have to knowledge, resources and decision power. General education is a prerequisite. (Groningen Manifesto, statement no. 7). The current international, political, economic and financial order still primarily reflects the claims of international trade. There is a lack of public awareness as to the inescapable limits of the planet's resources and we hardly seem to be moving towards a sustainable and equitable world. The contributors to this volume provide an up-to-date and forceful exposition of this problematique. In the aftermath of the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg, they suggest topical ways to alter the world's course. The keys to reaching a sustainable world, in which the planet is equitably shared among humans and other species, are to consider the impact of our collective actions at longer timescales and to deal head-on with the interconnected issues of population pressure, consumption volume and species loss. The volume displays a multidisciplinary and multicultural approach involving both scientific and ethical arguments. It is of interest to a wide audience of scholars and concerned citizens. With contributions by: Ernst Ulrich von Weizsaecker, Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek, Johan van Klinken, Anne Ehrlich, Sergey Kapitza, Roefie Hueting, Jan van Hooff, Lucas Reijnders, Arthur Petersen, Bob van der Zwaan, Vandana Shiva, Radha Holla, Koo van der Wal, Bas de Gaay Fortman, Atiq Rahman and Jane Goodall.

  2. Diagnosis and management of microscopic colitis: current perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bohr J

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Johan Bohr,1,3 Anna Wickbom,1,3 Agnes Hegedus,2 Nils Nyhlin,1,3 Elisabeth Hultgren Hörnquist,3 Curt Tysk1,3 1Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine/Pathology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, 3School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden Abstract: Collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis, together constituting microscopic colitis, are common causes of chronic diarrhea. They are characterized clinically by chronic nonbloody diarrhea and a macroscopically normal colonic mucosa where characteristic histopathological findings are seen. Previously considered rare, they now have emerged as common disorders that need to be considered in the investigation of the patient with chronic diarrhea. The annual incidence of each disorder is five to ten per 100,000 inhabitants, with a peak incidence in 60- to 70-year-old individuals and a predominance of female patients in collagenous colitis. The etiology and pathophysiology are not well understood, and the current view suggests an uncontrolled mucosal immune reaction to various luminal agents in predisposed individuals. Clinical symptoms comprise chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, weight loss, and fecal incontinence that may impair the patient's health-related quality of life. An association is reported with other autoimmune disorders, such as celiac disease, thyroid disorders, diabetes mellitus, and arthritis. The best-documented treatment, both short-term and long-term, is budesonide, which induces clinical remission in up to 80% of patients after 8 weeks' treatment. However, after successful budesonide therapy is ended, recurrence of clinical symptoms is common, and the best possible long-term management deserves further study. The long-term prognosis is good, and the risk of complications, including colonic cancer, is low. We present an update of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of

  3. Conocer para comprender la violencia: origen, causas y realidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Jiménez-Bautista

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende analizar de formamás pormenorizada las formas y clases de violencia, atendiendo las clasificaciones que se hacen desde la Investigación para la paz. En este análisis pretendemos destacar un compendio de razones, orígenes, formas, resultados y ambigüedades de la palabra violencia, pero sobre todo los factores que pueden condicionar los comportamientos violentos de los seres humanos: como el instinto, el aprendizaje social, la frustración, etc., que se pueden aprovechar como una herramienta intelectual para inducir al ser humano hacia el entendimiento, la armonía y, de manera especial, la transformación de conflictos. Siguiendo a Johan Galtung intentaremos aclarar los tipos de violencia: directa (verbal, psicológica y física, estructural (pobreza, represión, contaminación, alineación, cultural (ideas, normas, valores, la tradición, y/o simbólica (manifestaciones mediante actos o rituales que dan reconocimiento a la violencia estructural y directa. La tesis central de este artículo es que el "ser humano es conflictivo por naturaleza, pero es violento por educación y cultura". Ésta se argumenta definiendo tres aspectos: a el significado de violencia (fenómeno típicamente humano, biológicamente gratuito, pero psicológicamente voluntario, b las manifestaciones de la violencia, y c su posible taxonomía.

  4. CryoSat-2 Processing and Model Interpretation of Greenland Ice Sheet Volume Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, J.; Gardner, A. S.; Sandberg Sorensen, L.

    2015-12-01

    CryoSat-2 was launched in late 2010 tasked with monitoring the changes of the Earth's land and sea ice. It carries a novel radar altimeter allowing the satellite to monitor changes in highly complex terrain, such as smaller ice caps, glaciers and the marginal areas of the ice sheets. Here we present on the development and validation of an independent elevation retrieval processing chain and respective elevation changes based on ESA's L1B data. Overall we find large improvement in both accuracy and precision over Greenland relative to ESA's L2 product when comparing against both airborne data and crossover analysis. The seasonal component and spatial sampling of the surface elevation changes where also compared against ICESat derived changes from 2003-2009. The comparison showed good agreement between the to product on a local scale. However, a global sampling bias was detected in the seasonal signal due to the clustering of CryoSat-2 data in higher elevation areas. The retrieval processing chain presented here does not correct for changes in surface scattering conditions and appears to be insensitive to the 2012 melt event (Nilsson et al., 2015). This in contrast to the elevation changes derived from ESA's L2 elevation product, which where found to be sensitive to the effects of the melt event. The positive elevation bias created by the event introduced a discrepancy between the two products with a magnitude of roughly 90 km3/year. This difference can directly be attributed to the differences in retracking procedure pointing to the importance of the retracking of the radar waveforms for altimetric volume change studies. Greenland 2012 melt event effects on CryoSat-2 radar altimetry./ Nilsson, Johan; Vallelonga, Paul Travis; Simonsen, Sebastian Bjerregaard; Sørensen, Louise Sandberg; Forsberg, René; Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe; Hirabayashi, Motohiro; Goto-Azuma, Kumiko; Hvidberg, Christine S.; Kjær, Helle A.; Satow, Kazuhide.

  5. Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing bacteria in food

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tham J

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Johan Tham,1 Mats Walder,2 Eva Melander,2,3 Inga Odenholt11Infectious Diseases Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, 2Medical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; 3Department of Infection Control, Laboratory Medicine, Skåne County, SwedenAbstract: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae with Cefotaximase–München (CTX-M enzymes are rapidly increasing worldwide and pose a threat to health care. ESBLs with CTX-M enzymes have been isolated from animals and different food products, but it is unknown if food imported from the Mediterranean area may be a possible reservoir of these bacteria. During 2007–2008, swab samples from food across different retail outlets (mostly food from the Mediterranean countries and Swedish chicken were collected. Escherichia coli strains from Swedish meat and E. coli isolates from unspecified food from a Swedish food testing laboratory were also examined. In 349 of the 419 swab samples, growth of Enterobacteriaceae was found. In most of the samples, there was also growth of Gram-negative environmental bacteria. Air dry-cured products contained significantly less Enterobacteriaceae isolates compared to lettuces; however, none of the examined Enterobacteriaceae harbored ESBLs. This study did not support the theory that imported food from the Mediterranean area or Swedish domestic food might constitute an important vehicle for the dissemination of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae; however, a spread from food to humans may have occurred after 2008.Keywords: ESBL, antibiotic resistance, zoonosis, food, Enterobacteriaceae

  6. Consumers’ knowledge of and attitudes toward the role of oak in winemaking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crump AM

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Anna M Crump,1 Trent E Johnson,1 Susan EP Bastian,1 Johan Bruwer,1,2 Kerry L Wilkinson1 1School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, SA, Australia; 2Ehrenberg-Bass Institute, The University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia Abstract: Oak plays an important role in the production of some white wines and most red wines. Yet, consumers’ knowledge of the use of oak in winemaking and their preference for oak-related sensory attributes remains unclear. This study examined the knowledge and attitudes of 1,015 Australian wine consumers toward the use of oak in winemaking. Consumers who indicated a liking of oak-aged wines (n=847 were segmented according to their knowledge of the role of oak in wine production. Four distinct consumer clusters were identified, with significantly different preferences for wine sensory attributes and opinions regarding the use of oak alternatives for wine maturation. One segment comprised more knowledgeable consumers, who appreciate and value traditional oak maturation regimes, for which they are willing to pay a premium price. However, a segment comprising less knowledgeable wine consumers was accepting of the use of oak chips, provided wine quality was not compromised. Winemakers can therefore justify the use of oak alternatives to achieve oak-aged wines at lower price points. The outcomes of this study can be used by winemakers to better tailor their wines to the specific needs and expectations of consumers within different segments of the market. Keywords: maturation, segmentation, wine, wine consumers

  7. Sociology of gender violence in Spain. A proposed analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Alcañiz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Johan Galtung coined the concept of «triangle of violence» to explain the dynamics of the generation of violence in social conflicts. According to this author, violence is like an iceberg in which the visible violence (or direct violence is only a part of the conflict, with other more invisible types of violence such as structural violence and cultural violence. Understanding violence, in this case against women, means taking into account the three types of violence. Likewise, in the feminist theory, the presence of a specific type of violence to which women are exposed by their gender and which concerns injuries, physical, sexual, psychological or economic distress was made explicit. From this point of view, violence against women is understood as part of a system of domination or, more specifically, as dominance practices established by men. The purpose of the text presented hereafter is to describe and analyze the various types of violence against women in relation with the uneven situation of women in society. The methodology used has required the consultation of secondary data obtained from official resources, as well as the development of indicators which show the violence experienced by women from the perspective of the «triangle of violence», regarding data in relation with direct, structural or cultural violence. The findings suggest the interrelation of such violence types, specifying that, in all of them, the lesser power and the inequality of women with regard to men constitutes an explanatory factor in the production of violence.

  8. Valeurs bibliophiles dans la langue française presentes en Bucovine (XVII-eme-XVIII-eme siecles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olimpia Mitric

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Comme on le sait, la Moldavie a été la plus réceptive des trois provinces roumaines à la culture française. Dans cette province-ci, les contacts avec le mouvement d'idées européen ont été plus puissants. La lutte d'affirmation nationale a mené à l'augmentation de la conscience politique de la société moldave et à une participation plus accentuée à la vie politique. Le goût pour la lecture a évolue, aussi, pendant que la mentalité a commencé se transformer; on sollicite et ensuite traduit les oeuvres dans lesquelles apparaissent les idées sociales politiques, l'histoire universelle, la géographie, les conquêtes de la technique ou la littérature philosophique-moralisatrice. Les plus anciennes copies en roumain des oeuvres traduites du français, qui se trouvent dans nos bibliothèques datent de la fin du XVIII-ème siècle. Celles-ci sont des traductions de Voltaire, Marmontel, Ambrosius Marlianus, Francesco Loredano, Fénélon, Johan Thuresson Oxenstiern, Gabriel Pérau, Alain Réné Lesage, André Guillaume Constant d' Orville. Le livre imprimé (inclusivement jusqu' en 1800 provient des ateliers typographiques de Paris, Londres, Genève, Regensburg, Basel et Berlin. Le plus ancien exemplaire, Le tableau de L'Europe, est imprimé à Paris, en 1651. Pour ceux qui s'y intéressent, nous avons organisé la liste de ces livres, sur catégories de détenteurs.

  9. A year after lift-off, XMM-Newton is impressing the X-ray astronomy community

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-11-01

    XMM-Newton was launched from Kourou on 10 December 1999 on the first Ariane-5 commercial flight. After in-orbit commissioning of the spacecraft, and calibration and performance verification of its science instruments, the observatory entered its routine operations phase on 1 July. At the press conference, ESA's Director of Science Prof. Roger-Maurice Bonnet and XMM-Newton Project Scientist Fred Jansen will present some of the many scientific results from the first eight months of the mission. Also present will be two of Europe's foremost X-ray astronomers, Prof. Johan Bleeker of the Space Research Organisation of the Netherlands, and Prof. Guenther Hasinger of the Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Germany. Amongst the topics to be illustrated with some remarkably vivid "colour" images of the X-ray Universe, will be XMM-Newton's first examination of a cataclysmic binary star, its first insights into some enigmatic black hole systems, analysis of the morphology of a few supernovae remnants, and evidence it has collected to end the long-standing mystery over X-ray cosmic background emission... The press conference will also recap on the spacecraft's operations, the performance of its science instruments, the issue of radiation constraints and future aspects of the mission. Media representatives wishing to attend the press event are kindly invited to complete the attached reply form and fax it back to ESA Media Relations Office +33(0)1.53.69.7690. Note to editors XMM-Newton is ESA's second Cornerstone Mission of the Horizon 2000 programme. The spacecraft was built by a European consortium of companies led by Astrium (formerly Dornier Satellitensysteme), Friedrichshafen, Germany. Its X-ray imaging and spectrographic instruments (EPIC and RGS) and its optical telescope (OM) were provided by large consortia, whose principal investigators are from, respectively, the University of Leicester, UK, SRON University of Utrecht Netherlands, and the Mullard Space Science

  10. “THE NORDSTROM WAY—WILL IT SURVWE?” (ABSTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark L. Gardner

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Founded in 1901 as a partnership between Swedish immigrant Johan W. Nordstrom and his friend from the Kiondike gold rush, Carl F. Wallin, Nordstrom’s has grown from a single shoe shop in Seattle to a nationwide, upscale department store chain with 114 stores in 23 states. The firm has been continually under the direction of the Nordstrom family (with the exception of a brief period in the late 1990’s.In the 1960’s Nordstrom diversified from shoes into apparel, although it is still widely known for the breadth and depth of its shoe inventory. It began its expansion to the south and east in the 1970’s. It has been second only to Niemann-Marcus in the dollar amount of sales per square foot of floorspace among department store chains. Part of the reason for this has been its exclusive licensing agreement with the French men’s apparel boutique chain Faconnable. In addition to its full-service department stores and Faconnable boutiques, Nordstrom also offers clearance and out-of-season merchandise through its 37 Nordstrom Rack stores. As has been the case with other major chains, its effort to enhance its profitability through its website, Nordstrom.com, has met with mixed results.As Nordstrom enters its second century, its personalized approach to customer service is being copied by other chains. The 2000-2001 economic slowdown has affected the entire retailing industry negatively. Nordstrom seems well positioned to withstand these challenges because of its relatively strong financial position, its flexibility in controlling costs, and its strong esprit de corps.

  11. Comparative performance of a panel of commercially available antimicrobial nanocoatings in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molling JW

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Johan W Molling, Jacques W Seezink, Birgit EJ Teunissen, Inhua Muijrers-Chen, Paul JA Borm Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, Heerlen, the Netherlands Background: Bacterial resistance against the classic antibiotics is posing an increasing challenge for the prevention and treatment of infections in health care environments. The introduction of antimicrobial nanocoatings with active ingredients provides alternative measures for active killing of microorganisms, through a preventive hygiene approach. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of a panel of antimicrobial coatings available on the European market. Methods: A comparative, biased selection of commercially available antimicrobial coatings was tested for antimicrobial efficiency. Suppliers were contacted to deliver their coatings on glass and/or stainless steel substrates. In total, 23 coatings from eleven suppliers were received, which were investigated for their effect on the growth of Escherichia coli, using the International Organization for Standardization (ISO 22196 protocol. Results: The majority of nanomaterial-containing coatings (n=13 contained nanosilver (n=12, while only one had photocatalytic TiO2 as the active particle. The differences in antimicrobial activity among all of the coatings, expressed as log reduction values, varied between 1.3 and 6.6, while the variation within the nanomaterial-based group was between 2.0 and 6.2. Although nanosilver coatings were on average very effective in reducing the number of viable bacteria after challenge, the strongest log reduction (6.6 was seen with a coating that has immobilized, covalently bound quaternary ammonium salt in its matrix. Besides these two compounds, coatings containing TiO2, poly(dimethylsiloxane, triclosan, or zinc pyrithione evoked 100% killing of E. coli. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that nanosilver dominates the nanoparticle-based coatings and performs adequately

  12. Discourses of Blame and Responsibility: U.S./Canadian Media Representations of Palestinian-Israeli Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Baltodano

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available To test the assumption of a deep cultural divide between Canada and the United States, the researchers employed critical discourse analysis to examine the texts of one U.S. and one Canadian newspaper as artifacts and productions of the two countries' cultural inclinations toward international conflict and peace. The authors found differences in the intensity and pervasiveness of pro-militaristic discourse in the two nations' media texts but did not find evidence to support the thesis that Canada and the United States are divided by profound and intractable distinctions of values, beliefs or cultures. Instead the two newspapers demonstrated a noteworthy similarity of language, tone and text that presented shared perspectives on distant political and electoral initiatives in Israel and Palestine. Several strong similarities appeared across some two years of news coverage and political statements in Canada and the United States about the Palestinian parliamentary and presidential elections as well as the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza. Five familiar themes emerged to present Israelis and Palestinians in largely dichotomous and oppositional terms. When the news context was an election or a withdrawal from occupied territory, rather than military aggression, media nevertheless represented the two parties as engaged in a zero-sum game. The consistent narratives of "othering" established and re-enforced narrow roles for both parties, placed blame and responsibility, and charged Palestinians with the (often unilateral obligation to resolve the conflict. This media coverage demonstrates a convergence rather than a division of cultures across the longest undefended border in the world. These findings also support earlier work establishing the prevalence of "war journalism" in mainstream news coverage by the West. In news contexts that might have provided an opportunity to embrace significant components of Johan Galtung's concept of peace journalism, neither

  13. The Northeast Greenland Shelf as a Potential Habitat for the Northeast Arctic Cod

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kjersti O. Strand

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Observations (1978–1991 of distributions of pelagic juvenile Northeast Arctic cod (Gadus morhua L. show that up to 1/3 of the year class are dispersed off the continental shelf and into the deep Norwegian Sea while on the way from the spring-spawning areas along the Norwegian coast to the autumn-settlement areas in the Barents Sea. The fate of this variable fraction of pelagic juveniles off-shelf has been an open question ever since Johan Hjort's (1914 seminal work. We have examined both the mechanisms causing offspring off-shelf transport, and their subsequent destiny using an individual-based biophysical model applied to quantify growth and dispersal. Our results show, consistently with the observations, that total off-shelf transport is highly variable between years and may be up to 27.4%. Offspring from spawning grounds around Lofoten have a higher chance of being displaced off the shelf. The off-shelf transport is dominated by episodic events where frequencies and dates vary between years. Northeasterly wind conditions over a 3–7-day period prior to the off-shelf events are a good proxy for dispersal of offspring off the shelf. Offspring transported into the open ocean are on average carried along three following routes: back onto the adjacent eastern shelves and into the Barents Sea (36.9%, recirculating within the Lofoten Basin (60.7%, or drifting northwest to the northeast Greenland shelf (2.4%. For the latter fraction the transport may exceed 12% depending on year. Recent investigations have discovered distributions of young cod on the northeast Greenland shelf indicating that conditions may support survival for Northeast Arctic cod offspring.

  14. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training by Avatars: A Qualitative Study of Medical Students' Experiences Using a Multiplayer Virtual World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creutzfeldt, Johan; Hedman, Leif; Felländer-Tsai, Li

    2016-12-16

    Emergency medical practices are often team efforts. Training for various tasks and collaborations may be carried out in virtual environments. Although promising results exist from studies of serious games, little is known about the subjective reactions of learners when using multiplayer virtual world (MVW) training in medicine. The objective of this study was to reach a better understanding of the learners' reactions and experiences when using an MVW for team training of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Twelve Swedish medical students participated in semistructured focus group discussions after CPR training in an MVW with partially preset options. The students' perceptions and feelings related to use of this educational tool were investigated. Using qualitative methodology, discussions were analyzed by a phenomenological data-driven approach. Quality measures included negotiations, back-and-forth reading, triangulation, and validation with the informants. Four categories characterizing the students' experiences could be defined: (1) Focused Mental Training, (2) Interface Diverting Focus From Training, (3) Benefits of Practicing in a Group, and (4) Easy Loss of Focus When Passive. We interpreted the results, compared them to findings of others, and propose advantages and risks of using virtual worlds for learning. Beneficial aspects of learning CPR in a virtual world were confirmed. To achieve high participant engagement and create good conditions for training, well-established procedures should be practiced. Furthermore, students should be kept in an active mode and frequent feedback should be utilized. It cannot be completely ruled out that the use of virtual training may contribute to erroneous self-beliefs that can affect later clinical performance. ©Johan Creutzfeldt, Leif Hedman, Li Felländer-Tsai. Originally published in JMIR Serious Games (http://games.jmir.org), 16.12.2016.

  15. Controlling drug delivery kinetics from mesoporous titania thin films by pore size and surface energy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karlsson J

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Johan Karlsson, Saba Atefyekta, Martin Andersson Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden Abstract: The osseointegration capacity of bone-anchoring implants can be improved by the use of drugs that are administrated by an inbuilt drug delivery system. However, to attain superior control of drug delivery and to have the ability to administer drugs of varying size, including proteins, further material development of drug carriers is needed. Mesoporous materials have shown great potential in drug delivery applications to provide and maintain a drug concentration within the therapeutic window for the desired period of time. Moreover, drug delivery from coatings consisting of mesoporous titania has shown to be promising to improve healing of bone-anchoring implants. Here we report on how the delivery of an osteoporosis drug, alendronate, can be controlled by altering pore size and surface energy of mesoporous titania thin films. The pore size was varied from 3.4 nm to 7.2 nm by the use of different structure-directing templates and addition of a swelling agent. The surface energy was also altered by grafting dimethylsilane to the pore walls. The drug uptake and release profiles were monitored in situ using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D and it was shown that both pore size and surface energy had a profound effect on both the adsorption and release kinetics of alendronate. The QCM-D data provided evidence that the drug delivery from mesoporous titania films is controlled by a binding–diffusion mechanism. The yielded knowledge of release kinetics is crucial in order to improve the in vivo tissue response associated to therapeutic treatments. Keywords: mesoporous titania, controlled drug delivery, release kinetics, alendronate, QCM-D

  16. Mental resilience, perceived immune functioning, and health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Schrojenstein Lantman M

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Marith Van Schrojenstein Lantman,1 Marlou Mackus,1 Leila S Otten,1 Deborah de Kruijff,1 Aurora JAE van de Loo,1,2 Aletta D Kraneveld,1,2 Johan Garssen,1,3 Joris C Verster1,2,4 1Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 2Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 3Nutricia Research, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 4Centre for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia Background: Mental resilience can be seen as a trait that enables an individual to recover from stress and to face the next stressor with optimism. People with resilient traits are considered to have a better mental and physical health. However, there are limited data available assessing the relationship between resilient individuals and their perspective of their health and immune status. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between mental resilience, perceived health, and perceived immune status. Methods: A total of 779 participants recruited at Utrecht University completed a questionnaire consisting of demographic characteristics, the brief resilience scale for the assessment of mental resilience, the immune function questionnaire (IFQ, and questions regarding their perceived health and immune status. Results: When correcting for gender, age, height, weight, smoker status, amount of cigarettes smoked per week, alcohol consumption status, amount of drinks consumed per week, drug use, and frequency of past year drug use, mental resilience was significantly correlated with perceived health (r=0.233, p=0.0001, perceived immune functioning (r=0.124, p=0.002, and IFQ score (r=−0.185, p=0.0001. Conclusion: A significant, albeit modest, relationship was found between mental resilience and perceived immune functioning and health. Keywords: mental resilience, immune functioning, health, vitality, quality of life

  17. Los conflictos socio-culturales del Poniente Almeriense: El Ejido, una aproximación desde los Estudios para la Paz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Moldes Anaya

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente articulo tiene como objeto mostrar de forma holística las relaciones existentes entre el racismo y la sociedad en la ciudad de El Ejido, Almería, mostrando desde una perspectiva antropológica basada en el materialismo cultural de Marvin Harris y en la Teoría General de Conflcitos de Johan Galtung a la vez que buscando un nexo con los planteamientos de Francisco Jiménez el cual lleva el materialismo cultural a una Antropología para la paz, esta investigación de carácter científico, esta basada el diagnostico, pronostico y terapia de las patologías derivadas de la nueva sociedad posmoderna. La ficcionalización a la que queda subyugada la sociedad, fruto de la biopolítica y el biopoder o uso desmedido del poder, simbólico, directo y estructural, desemboca en un nihilismo compartido por el cual se hace patente un diagnostico multipatológico, y es mediante este, como se conforma un tejido difuso y hostil, donde el racismo mas sutil se hace patente. En tanto a esto, lo que proponemos como posible resolución al conflicto multidimensional del racismo, es, dentro del ámbito de la Teoría General de Conflictos y los Estudios para la Paz, la erradicación de las violencias mediante la aplicación de la Paz Neutra, desarrollada y promovida por Francisco Jiménez, en los diversos contextos donde germen del racismo discriminante se hace visible.

  18. The Journals and the Works of 1843 with Particular Reference to Either/Or

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Watkin

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The intention of these paper is hermeneutical: it is about understanding better Eithe/Or and for this is made a three level analysis: from the book itself, from the criticism the work had in its own time, and, lastly, from what Kierkegaard wrote about in his diaries. In the first level of the analysis, the main problem revolves arround the prologue and the sermon with which Either/Or culminates, about which nothing is mentioned by Victor Eremita at all and which may look like an added of Judge William as a proposal of another possibility for living life: not only as an aesthete or as an ethical man, but as a religious man. In the second level Johan Ludwig Heiberg's (1791-1880 criticism of Either/Or is reviewed along with other pseudonimous exchanges of comments regarding this work, which come from Kierkegaard's pen in the form of a peculiar strategy. It is noted in the third level that Either/Or and Two Edifying Discourses have in common the fact that they attend the problem of an ethical-religious life, although one begins asking how to be ethical whereas the other concentrates in universal religiosity. With Kierkegaard's diaries and letters is possible to notice the intention of writing a continuation or expanding the end of Either/Or with a text that would treat the religious in the social context of the individual, which allows to deepen the comprehension of Either/Or and Søren Kierkegaard's work in general.

  19. Usage rate segmentation: enriching the US wine market profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelley K

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Kathleen Kelley,1 Jeffrey Hyde,2 Johan Bruwer3 1Department of Plant Science, 2Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA; 3School of Marketing, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia Abstract: The purpose of this research is to enrich our knowledge of the US wine market and provide insights into how usage rate segmentation can be enhanced by select innovative perspectives of current offerings. Data were collected through a 15-minute online survey of 910 US wine drinkers randomly selected from a panel of consumers. It was found that the “super core” segment not only drank wine more frequently, but also were more likely to drink other types of alcohol presented (beer, distilled spirits, and ready-to-drink cocktails, and at a greater frequency, “at least once a week” and “about once a week”, than “marginal” drinkers. Differences between usage rate segments existed between sex and age generations. Female millennial “super core” consumers would increase wine consumption if the number of calories were reduced to fewer than 80 per 5 oz serving. Practical implications for a winery or wine retailer might include the potential to add these beverages to their product offering or bundling these beverages to create packages (allowing for mass customization, which is used often in retail and appropriately marketing these offerings to their customers. Changes that may invoke a positive response are wine made from “sustainably farmed” or “naturally farmed” grapes, and certified carbon-free wine. From an originality viewpoint, this study is the first to investigate how usage rate segmentation can be enriched by means of variable cross-extension and examination. Keywords: consumer behavior, market segmentation, usage rate, consumption frequency, USA

  20. Economic value of in vitro fertilization in Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandrik O

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Olena Mandrik,1 Saskia Knies,1,2 Johan L Severens1,3 1Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, 2National Health Care Institute, Diemen, 3iMTA Institute of Medical Technology Assessment, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, the Netherlands Background: An economic value calculation was performed to estimate the lifetime net present value of in vitro fertilization (IVF in Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan. Methods: Net lifetime tax revenues were used to represent governmental benefits accruing from a hypothetical cohort of an IVF population born in 2009 using the methodology of generational accounting. Governmental expenses related to this population included social benefits, education and health care, unemployment support, and pensions. Where available, country-specific data referencing official sources were applied. Results: The average health care cost needed to achieve one additional birth from the governmental perspective varied from $2,599 in Ukraine to $5,509 in Belarus. The net present value from the population born using IVF was positive in all countries: for Ukraine ($9,839, Belarus ($21,702, and Kazakhstan ($2,295. The break-even costs of drugs and supplies per IVF procedure is expected to be $3,870, $8,530, and $1,780, respectively. Probabilistic sensitivity analyses based on 5,000 simulations show that the average net present value per person remains positive: $1,894±$7,619, $27,925±$12,407, and $17,229±$24,637 in Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, respectively. Conclusion: Financing IVF may represent a good investment in terms of governmental financial returns, even in lower-income countries with state-financed health care systems such as Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan. Keywords: in vitro fertilization, economic value of life, developing countries

  1. Consumption metrics of chardonnay wine consumers in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saliba AJ

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Anthony J Saliba,1 Johan Bruwer,2 Jasmine B MacDonald1 1School of Psychology, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, 2School of Marketing, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia Abstract: There is a dearth of information in the knowledge base about who the chardonnay consumer is, what their wine-consumption metrics are, what sensory characteristics they associate chardonnay with, and who influenced their perceptions. This study examines the consumer engagement with chardonnay, and contributes evidence-based research to inform future wine-business strategy. A population sample was recruited to be representative of Australian consumers. An online survey of 2,024 Australian wine consumers was conducted, 1,533 (76% of whom actually consumed chardonnay. This paper focuses only on those who consumed chardonnay. Males purchased and consumed larger quantities of chardonnay, although marginally more females consumed it. Chardonnay is considered to be characterized by full, lingering, and fruity flavors, as well as yellow color. Chardonnay is associated with dinner parties and at-home consumption. The vast majority of participants liked and had a positive perception of chardonnay. The target market for chardonnay is not only females; in fact, males appear to be the main consumers of this varietal by volume. Marketing and promotion campaigns should leverage the findings to retain current and win back other consumers. This is the first research to provide empirical explanations of consumer engagement with chardonnay, and to contribute evidence-based research in this regard.Keywords: chardonnay, consumer behavior, wine style, wine consumption, Australia

  2. SCHOOL COMMUNITY PERCEPTION OF LIBRARY APPS AGAINTS LIBRARY EMPOWERMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Riyadi Alberto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This research is motivated by the development of information and communication technology (ICT in the library world so rapidly that allows libraries in the present to develop its services into digital-based services. This study aims to find out the school community’s perception of library apps developed by Riche Cynthia Johan, Hana Silvana, and Holin Sulistyo and its influence on library empowerment at the library of SD Laboratorium Percontohan UPI Bandung. Library apps in this research belong to the context of m-libraries, which is a library that meets the needs of its users by using mobile platforms such as smartphones,computers, and other mobile devices. Empowerment of library is the utilization of all aspects of the implementation of libraries to the best in order to achieve the expected goals. An analysis of the schoolcommunity’s perception of library apps using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM includes: ease of use, usefulness, usability, usage trends, and real-use conditions. While the empowerment of the library includes aspects: information empowerment, empowerment of learning resources, empowerment of human resources, empowerment of library facilities, and library promotion. The research method used in this research is descriptive method with quantitative approach. Population and sample in this research is school community at SD Laboratorium Percontohan UPI Bandung. Determination of sample criteria by using disproportionate stratified random sampling with the number of samples of 83 respondents. Data analysis using simple linear regression to measure the influence of school community perception about library apps to library empowerment. The result of data analysis shows that there is influence between school community perception about library apps to library empowerment at library of SD Laboratorium Percontohan UPI Bandung which is proved by library acceptance level and library empowerment improvement.

  3. Oassi sámi noaidevuođa birra Kaspar Peucera čállosis Commentarius de praecipuis divinationum generibus (Wittenberg 1560: Teakstakritihkalaš hámis jorgalusain ja kommentáraiguin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Per Pippin Aspaas

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The text on Sami shamanism in Caspar Peucer’s Commentarius de praecipuis divinationum generibus (Wittenberg 1560: Critical edition, with translation and commentary. Among the sources dealing with the shamanistic skills of the Sami (formerly Lapponian population, a certain text by Kaspar Peucer has so far been little known. This man of extreme learning was the son-in-law of Philip Melanchthon and a Professor at the University of Wittenberg. A true polyhistor, well versed in Medicine, Geography, Astrology, Theology, etc., Peucer included in his chef-d’oeuvre on divination an elaborate description of the shamanism of the so-called Pilappii. The present article offers a critical edition of this text, based on the editions of Wittenberg 1560 (A, 1572 (B, 1580 (C, as well as Zerbst 1591 (D and Frankfurt 1593 (E. In addition to translations into North Sami and Norwegian (see Appendix, some contextualisation is offered, which can be summarised as follows: A similar testimony on shamanism is found in the Historia de gentibus Septentrionalibus by Olaus Magnus (Rome 1555. However, that text is not elaborate enough to prove that Kaspar Peucer has copied his description from him. It is more likely that some student among the considerable number of Swedes, Finns and Norwegians that were immatriculated at Wittenberg University in the years following the Reformation, presented this account to Peucer. Many details in the account make it strikingly similar to Sami folk narratives that have been assembled several centuries later. For example, the description of maritime Sami by Anders Larsen (1870–1949, the Sami book by Johan Turi (published 1910 and Sami songs (joik that were collected by Jacob Fellman in the 1820’s can be compared with Peucer’s account. Peucer himself, however, categorised the shamanism of the Sami as a form of theomanteia, i.e. a form of magic which he considered to originate not from the true God, but from the Devil.

  4. [Conception of the history of science in the interpretation of Bogdan Suchodolski].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lietz, Natalia

    2011-01-01

    In the article is presented the conception of the history of science in the interpretation of Bogdan Suchodolski. Having described the conception of the history of science created by George Sarton (1884-1956), whose thought was influenced by positivistic philosophy of August Comte, the idea of the history of science of Johan Nordstr6m (1891-1967), who was inspired by the system of Wilhelm Dilthey, and the materialistic conception of the history of science, which was represented, among others, by John Desmond Bernal (1901-1971), the author is making an attempt at revealing to what extent Bogdan Suchodolski was inspired by the above-mentioned visions of the history of science. Having defined the history of science as the history of scientific activity of people and their consciousness formed by the activity, Bogdan Suchodolski applied in the field of his own conception of the history of science the ideas that were put forward by German thinkers and philosophers, and were connected with a way of understanding culture as the constant development of national awareness, which can be exemplified with different dimensions of culture. Undoubtedly, identifying the history of Polish science with constitutive element of the history of national culture and paying attention to the conceptions tending not only to explaining, but also understanding phenomena, B. Suchodolski was influenced by Alfred Vierkandt's and Wilhelm Dilthey's thought. The present article includes several reflections on the conception of the history of science, which was created by B. Suchodolski. Among others, we can find here detailed information on how B. Suchodolski understood: the history of science, its subject, aim and methodology; its status in modern social consciousness and as the history of truth; relations between history of science and theory of science and scientific policy, history of science and the problem of unity and diversity of scientific thinking, history of science and ideas, history of

  5. Kvanefjeld uranium project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Erlendsson, G.; Jensen, J.; Kofoed, S.; Paulsen, J.L.

    1983-11-01

    The draft uranium project ''Kvanefjeld'' describes the establishment and operation of an industrial plant for exploiting the uranium deposit at Kvanefjeld. The draft project is part of the overall pre-feasibility project and is based on its results. The draft project includes two alternative locations for the processing plant and the tailings deposit plant. The ore reserve is estimated at 56 million tons with an average content of 365 PPM. The mine will be established as an open pit, with a slope angle of 55deg. Conventional techniques are used in drilling, blasting and handling the ore. Waste rock with no uranium content will be disposed of in two ponds near the mine. The waste rock volume is estimated at 80 million tons. A processing plant for extracting uranium from the ore will be established. The technical layout of the plant is based on the extraction experiments performed at Risoe from 1981-83. Yearly capacity is 4.2 million tons of ore. Electrical energy will be supplied from a hydroelectric station to be built at Johan Dahl Land. Thermal energy (steam/heat) will be supplied from a coal-fired district heating plant to be built in connection with the processing plant. Expected power consumption is estimated at 225 GWh/year. Heat consumption is of the same order. In the third year the plant is expected to operate at full capacity. Operating costs will be Dkr. 121/ton of ore from years 1 through 7. Consumption of chemicals will be reduced from the 7th year, and operating costs will consequently drop to Dkr. 115/ton of ore. Calculations show that industrial extraction of the uranium deposit in Kvanefjeld is economically advantageous. In addition, the economy of the project is expected to improve by extracting byproducts from the ore. (EG)

  6. Struggles for recognition: a content analysis of messages posted on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andersen AJ

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Anders Johan W Andersen,1,2 Tommy Svensson31Department of Psychosocial Health, University of Agder, Norway; 2Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden; 3Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, SwedenBackground: The Internet has enlarged the possibilities of human communication and opened new ways of exploring perceptions of mental health. This study is part of a research project aiming to explore, describe, and analyze different discourses of mental health in Norway and Sweden, using material from Internet-based services.Aim: To examine messages posed by users of publicly available question-and-answer services and to describe their content.Methods: A Web search was used to identify Norwegian and Swedish Websites offering mental health services by email or posted messages. A total of 601 messages from 20 services, 10 Norwegian and 10 Swedish, were analyzed by means of qualitative content analysis and further interpreted in light of the social theory of recognition by Honneth.Results: Eight categories emerged from the analysis: family life, couples, others, violence, the ungovernable, self-image, negotiating normality, and life struggles. These categories were then grouped into three themes: (1 relationship to significant others, (2 relationship to self, and (3 relationship to the social community. The themes promoted an understanding of mental health as closely connected to political and social factors.Conclusions: The results showed a variety of concerns from various parts of life and empowered the view that mental health should be understood broadly, at a conceptual level. Mental health emerged as a deeply relational concept that emphasized the equal distribution of chances in life. It strengthened the moral grammar of social inclusion and the acceptance of plurality in social life.Keywords: Internet-based services, mental health, public health, social theory

  7. Impact of hypoglycemia on daily life of type 2 diabetes patients in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandrik O

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Olena Mandrik,1–3 Johan L Severens,1 Olena Doroshenko,4 Vladymir Pan'kiv,5 Nonna Kravchun,6 Maryna Vlasenko,7 Mykola Hulchiy,8 Maryna Baljuk,9 Yuliia Komisarenko,10 Eugene Martsynik,11 Liubov Sokolova,12 Olga Zalis'ka,2 Boris Mankovsky131Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; 2Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Lviv, 3MSD Ukraine, 4Ukrainian Institute for Strategic Research, 5Ukrainian Scientific Centre of Endocrine Surgery, 6Institute of Problems of Endocrine Pathology na VY Danylevskogo, Ukrainian Academy of Medical Sciences, Kyiv, 7Vinnitsa National Medical University named after MI Pyrogov, Vinnytsia, 8Kyiv City Teaching Endocrinological Center, Kyiv, 9Danilevsky Institute of Endocrine Pathology Problems, Ukrainian Academy of Medical Sciences, Kharkov, 10OO Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, 11Medical Academy of Dnepropetrovsk, Dnepropetrovsk, 12Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism after V.P. Komissarenko, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 13PL Shupik National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, UkraineAbstract: This study evaluates the impact of hypoglycemia on the lives of Ukrainian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The secondary objective was to explore patient–physician relationships and the attitudes of patients towards various informational resources on diabetes management. Three focus groups with 26 patients were conducted. Qualitative information was evaluated using content analysis. The results show that patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Ukraine are adapting to potential attacks of hypoglycemia; however, they still experience periodic manifestations of hypoglycemia that significantly affect their psychological well-being. This result is similar to observations made in other countries. Ukrainian patients >40 years old mainly receive information on disease management from endocrinologists, and rarely use internet resources on diabetes

  8. Historical considerations and comments on the type series of Cyrtodactylus marmoratus Gray, 1831, with an updated comparative table for the bent-toed geckos of the Sunda Islands and Sulawesi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mecke, Sven; Kieckbusch, Max; Hartmann, Lukas; Kaiser, Hinrich

    2016-10-17

    Cyrtodactylus marmoratus Gray, 1831, a species of bent-toed gecko exhibiting a precloacal groove in males, was described on the basis of specimens collected by Heinrich Kuhl and Johan Conrad van Hasselt in Java, Greater Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Kluge (1985) subsequently designated a lectotype for C. marmoratus from a series of these specimens (i.e., syntypes), now housed in the herpetological collection at Naturalis (formerly the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie; RMNH), Leiden, the Netherlands. Our work at Naturalis shows that the type series of C. marmoratus at RMNH actually comprises two sets of specimens, and that examination of specimens from one set or the other by different authors, including Kluge (1985), is responsible for some confusion surrounding the type series of this species. As a consequence, we present relevant morphological data for all 14 specimens constituting the type series of C. marmoratus at RMNH for the first time. The type status of two specimens of C. marmoratus in the collection at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, remains unresolved at present. Owing to the inconsistent naming and application of terms for some key characters (e.g., groove, sulcus, pit, hollow, depression) used in the diagnoses of Cyrtodactylus species, we here propose a set of novel and useful definitions that are supported by photographs. We also illustrate the sexually dimorphic expression of this character in C. marmoratus. Finally, we present a revised comparative table for the bent-toad geckos of the Sunda Islands and Sulawesi.

  9. The meaning of destruction: Definition and contextualization of disaster movies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomašević Milan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The disaster movie is one of the most persistent genres in cinematography, but it constantly escapes our attention because it is presented as “easy summer fun”. If we want to understand it as a cultural document of an epoch in which the genre is important and popular, we need to come up with a definition, formula and conventions of a disaster movie. Also, we must propose one of many possible comprehensions of its popularity and religious heritage. The paper uses definitions of genre, conventions and formulae in the attempt to show a way of using popular narratives in the transmission of a world view. Using a narrative structure gives us a glimpse into the deeper cultural, social and political context in which the disaster movie is created, popular or rejected. The paper discusses disaster movies as cultural artifacts, as a ritual we are practicing without remembering its purpose. Also, paper is examining identifying apocalyptic and catastrophic as an product of interposition of Apocalypse to Johan and Great Tribulation. Using apocalyptic literature, end times narratives and disaster movies, the paper shows the fruitfulness of destruction representations and imaginarium of terror. Using fear and shock, the messages of disaster movies seems more urgent and relevant. Through the ideas of Susan Sontag and Maurice Yacowar, the paper presents a way for analyzing the contemporary disaster movie. Conventions and formulae of disaster movies help us to understand the way modern cinematography is used for cultural and political means. The popularity of disaster movies can be seen as a form of ”ritualization of discontent” wherein the viewers experience some sort of catharsis. Also, disaster movie gathers different interests and actualizes thirstness for transformation of order or achieving justice. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177026

  10. Massenmedien und Versöhnung: Die Berichterstattung über den deutsch-französischen Friedensprozeß nach dem 2. Weltkrieg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Jaeger

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Der vorliegende Beitrag beinhaltet die ersten Ergebnisse einer Langzeitstudie, bei der flächendeckend die deutsche Nachkriegsberichterstattung über Frankreich von 1946 bis 1970 inhaltsanalytisch ausgewertet wurde. Die Studie stützt sich dabei auf das Modell der Nachrichtenfaktoren von Johan Galtung, welche nach seiner Ansicht die Auswahl der Themen bestimmen, die zu einer Nachricht werden. Genau in diesen Selektionsroutinen liegt jedoch die implizite Gefahr, Konflikte zu vertiefen statt sie einzudämmen bzw. durch ein breites Verständnis der Hintergründe gewaltfrei bearbeitbar zu machen. Für die Zeit nach einem Krieg könnten sie Hindernisse auf dem Weg zur Annäherung und Aussöhnung ehemaliger Gegner darstellen. Wie jedoch sieht die Berichterstattung nach dem Krieg tatsächlich aus? Zeigen Massenmedien Bereitschaft zu einer veränderten Berichterstattung? Der Fall der französisch-deutschen Aussöhnung, welcher als Beispiel für einen gelungenen Aussöhnungsprozess gelten kann, belegt, dass Friedensprozesse von den Medien durchaus adäquat begleitet werden können: Z.B. ist der Anteil "positiver" Themen bzw. Berichterstattung konsistent höher als der "negativer", und der Anteil von Non-Elite-Themen steigt an und kündet von Interesse an französischer Lebensart und Kultur. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Negativismus in den Medien kein Naturgesetz ist, sondern überwunden werden kann, wenn Frieden und Versöhnung auf der Tagesordnung stehen.

  11. Gender differences in the T-cell profiles of the airways in COPD patients associated with clinical phenotypes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forsslund H

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Helena Forsslund,1 Mingxing Yang,1 Mikael Mikko,1 Reza Karimi,1 Sven Nyrén,2 Benita Engvall,1 Johan Grunewald,1 Heta Merikallio,1,3 Riitta Kaarteenaho,3–5 Jan Wahlström,1 Åsa M Wheelock,1 C Magnus Sköld1 1Department of Medicine Solna and Centre for Molecular Medicine, Respiratory Medicine Unit, 2Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Respiratory Research Unit and Medical Research Center Oulu, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland; 4Unit of Medicine and Clinical Research, Pulmonary Division, University of Eastern Finland, 5Center for Medicine and Clinical Research, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland Abstract: T lymphocytes are believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. How T cells are recruited to the lungs and contribute to the inflammatory process is largely unknown. COPD is a heterogeneous disease, and discriminating disease phenotypes based on distinct molecular and cellular pathways may provide new approaches for individualized diagnosis and therapies. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL and blood samples were obtained from 40 never-smokers, 40 smokers with normal lung function, and 38 COPD patients. T-cell chemokine receptor expression was analyzed with flow cytometry, and soluble BAL cytokines and chemokines were measured using a cytokine multiplex assay. Correlations with gender and clinical characteristics including lung imaging were investigated using multivariate modeling. Th1/Tc1- and Th2/Tc2-associated soluble analytes and T-cell chemokine receptors were analyzed as cumulative Th1/Tc1 and Th2/Tc2 immune responses. A higher expression of chemokine receptor CCR5 on CD8+ T cells in BAL and higher percentage of CXCR3+CD8+ T cells in blood was found in female smokers with COPD compared to those without COPD. CCR5 expression

  12. Dietary resilience in patients with severe COPD at the start of a pulmonary rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ter Beek L

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Lies ter Beek,1–3 Hester van der Vaart,2 Johan B Wempe,2 Aliaksandra O Dzialendzik,4 Jan LN Roodenburg,3 Cees P van der Schans,1,5,6 Heather H Keller,7,8 Harriët Jager-Wittenaar1,3 1Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Research Group Healthy Ageing, Allied Health Care and Nursing, Groningen, the Netherlands; 2University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Tuberculosis, Center for Rehabilitation, Groningen, the Netherlands; 3University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Groningen, the Netherlands; 4Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Department of Applied Psychology, Groningen, the Netherlands; 5University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Groningen, the Netherlands; 6University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Health Psychology Research, Groningen, the Netherlands; 7University of Waterloo, Schlegel Research Institute for Aging, Waterloo, ON, Canada; 8University of Waterloo, Department of Kinesiology, Waterloo, ON, Canada Background: COPD may impact food-related activities, such as grocery shopping, cooking, and eating. Decreased food intake may result in an unhealthy diet, and in malnutrition, which is highly prevalent in patients with COPD. Malnutrition is known to negatively impact clinical outcome and quality of life. Aims: In this qualitative study, we aimed to explore strategies used to overcome food-related challenges, ie, dietary resilience, and whether these led to a healthy diet. Furthermore, we aimed to identify the key themes of motivation for dietary resilience in patients with severe COPD. Methods: In October 2015 to April 2016, 12 patients with severe COPD starting a pulmonary rehabilitation program were interviewed. Qualitative description and thematic analysis were performed. Results: All participants mentioned the use of strategies to overcome

  13. Early Sámi visual artists - Western fine art meets Sámi culture

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    Tuija Hautala-Hirvioja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Johan Turi (1854–1936, Nils Nilsson Skum (1872–1951 and John Savio (1902–1938 were among the first Sámi visual artists. The production of their art work occurred between the 1910s and the early 1950s. Sámi aesthetics had its basis in folklore, i.e., handicraft or duodji, which did not follow the principle of art for art’s sake but combined beauty and practicality. Art was part of community life. Not until the 1970s was the word daidda, which is Finnish in origin and which means “art”, adopted into the Sámi language. Turi and Skum became famous through their books. They drew and wrote in order to pass the traditional knowledge of their people on to succeeding generations. They also wanted to introduce Sámi life and culture to non-Sámi people. One typical feature of their work is that they depicted Sáminess in a realistic way and sought to strengthen and preserve the Sámi identity through their art. In Turi and Skum’s work, both the documentation of community life and their own personal expression were strongly present and equally important; for this reason their pictures and texts have both practical and aesthetic dimensions. They did not attend school and were self-taught artists. The third pioneer of Sámi visual arts was John Savio, who, unlike the other two, attended secondary school and studied visual arts both independently and under the guidance of a mentor. He expressively combined Western ways of depiction with Sámi subjects. My article examines what made these early Sámi artists change over from Sámi handicraft, duodji, to Western visual arts, how they used Western pictorial conventions in dealing with their Sámi subjects, and the significance of their art for Sámi identity and culture. They lived and worked under cross pressure: the first few decades of the 20th century were characterized by racial theories that denigrated Sámi people, and the period following World War II was marked by demands for

  14. Improving patient safety in cardiothoracic surgery: an audit of surgical handover in a tertiary center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer NJ

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Natasha Johan Bauer Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK Background: Novel research has revealed that the relative risk of death increased by 10% and 15% for admissions on a Saturday and Sunday, respectively. With an imminent threat of 7-day services in the National Health Service, including weekend operating lists, handover plays a pivotal role in ensuring patient safety is paramount. This audit evaluated the quality, efficiency, and safety of surgical handover of pre- and postoperative cardiothoracic patients in a tertiary center against guidance on Safe Handover published by the Royal College of Surgeons of ­England and the British Medical Association. Methods: A 16-item questionnaire prospectively audited the nature, time and duration of handover, patient details, operative history and current clinical status, interruptions during handover, and difficulties cross-covering specialties over a month. Results: Just over half (52% of the time, no handover took place. The majority of handovers (64% occurred over the phone; two-thirds of these were uninterrupted. All handovers were less than 10 minutes in duration. About half of the time, the senior house officer had previously met the registrar involved in the handover, but the overwhelming majority felt it would facilitate the handover process if they had prior contact. Patient details handed over 100% of the time included name, ward, and current clinical diagnosis. A third of the time, the patient’s age, responsible consultant, and recent operations or procedures were not handed over, potentially compromising future management due to delays and lack of relevant information. Perhaps the most revealing result was that the overall safety of handover was perceived to be five out of ten, with ten being very safe with no aspects felt to impact negatively on optimal patient care. Conclusion: These findings were presented to the department, and a handover proforma

  15. Development of a Virtual Reality Exposure Tool as Psychological Preparation for Elective Pediatric Day Care Surgery: Methodological Approach for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eijlers, Robin; Legerstee, Jeroen S; Dierckx, Bram; Staals, Lonneke M; Berghmans, Johan; van der Schroeff, Marc P; Wijnen, Rene Mh; Utens, Elisabeth Mwj

    2017-09-11

    children and their parents, in line with the modern emphasis on patient- and family-centered care. Netherlands Trial Registry: NTR6116; http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=6116 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6ryke7aep). ©Robin Eijlers, Jeroen S Legerstee, Bram Dierckx, Lonneke M Staals, Johan Berghmans, Marc P van der Schroeff, Rene MH Wijnen, Elisabeth MWJ Utens. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 11.09.2017.

  16. Clinical pharmacokinetics of AZD3199, an inhaled ultra-long-acting β2-adrenoreceptor agonist (uLABA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjermer L

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Leif Bjermer,1 Piotr Kuna,2 Carin Jorup,3 Thomas Bengtsson,4 Johan Rosenborg4 1Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden; 2Department of Internal Medicine, Asthma and Allergy, Barlicki University Hospital, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland; 3AstraZeneca R&D, Mölndal, Sweden; 4StatMind, Lund, Sweden Objective: The clinical pharmacokinetics of AZD3199, an ultra-long-acting β2-agonist, were investigated in healthy volunteers and patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. Materials and methods: Five studies are presented: one single ascending dose study in healthy Caucasian males; two multiple ascending dose studies in healthy males, one in Caucasians and one in Japanese; a Phase IIA asthma study; and a Phase IIB COPD study. Subjects received AZD3199 via a Spira nebulizer (Turbuhaler; equivalent delivered doses 5–3200 µg or Turbuhaler (single delivered doses of 120–1920 µg or repeated delivered once-daily doses 240–1,680 µg. AZD3199 pharmacokinetics were assessed using total plasma concentration and urinary excretion, and tolerability using adverse events, clinical laboratory tests, and physical examinations. Results: AZD3199 appeared rapidly in the systemic circulation following single and multiple dosing in healthy volunteers and patients (maximum plasma concentration within 30 minutes, with dose-proportional time-independent pharmacokinetics. Plasma exposure to unmetabolized drug was similar in healthy volunteers and patients with asthma, but relatively lower in patients with COPD. Estimated terminal half-life was up to 142 hours in healthy Caucasian males. AZD3199 was well tolerated and showed no or at most mild systemic effects. Conclusion: AZD3199 plasma exposure in healthy volunteers and patients suggested linear pharmacokinetics and a long half-life. Systemic availability was similar in healthy subjects and patients with asthma, but was lower in patients

  17. MO-F-CAMPUS-J-04: Radiation Heat Load On the MR System of the Elekta Atlantic System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Towe, S; Roberts, D; Overweg, J; Van Lanen, E

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The Elekta Atlantic system combines a digital linear accelerator system with a 1.5T Philips MRI machine.This study aimed to assess the energy deposited within the cryostat system when the radiation beam passes through the cryostat. The cryocooler on the magnet has a cooling capacity which is about 1 Watt in excess of the cryogenic heat leak into the magnet’s cold mass. A pressure-controlled heater inside the magnet balances the excess refrigeration power such that the helium pressure in the tank is kept slightly above ambient air pressure. If radiation power is deposited in the cold mass then this heater will need less power to maintain pressure equilibrium and if the radiation heat load exceeds the excess cryocooler capacity the pressure will rise. Methods: An in-house CAD based Monte Carlo code based on Penelope was used to model the entire MR-Linac system to quantify the heat load on the magnet’s cold mass. These results were then compared to experimental results obtained from an Elekta Atlantic system installed in UMC-Utrecht. Results: For a field size of 25 cm x 22 cm and a dose rate of 107 mu.min-1, the energy deposited by the radiation beam led to a reduction in heater power from 1.16 to 0.73 W. Simulations predicted a reduction to 0.69 W which is in good agreement. For the worst case field size (largest) and maximum dose rate the cryostat cooler capacity was exceeded. This resulted in a pressure rise within the system but was such that continuous irradiation for over 12 hours would be required before the magnet would start blowing off helium. Conclusion: The study concluded that the Atlantic system does not have to be duty cycle restricted, even for the worst case non-clinical scenario and that there are no adverse effects on the MR system. Stephen Towe and David Roberts Both work for Elekta; Ezra Van Lanen works for Philips Healthcare; Johan Overweg works for Philips Innovative Technologies

  18. Pain management in patients with Parkinson's disease: challenges and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skogar O

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Orjan Skogar,1,2 Johan Lokk2 1Academy for Health and Care (FUTURUM, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, 2Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden Abstract: This review focuses on the diagnosis and management of Parkinson-related pain which is one of the more frequently reported nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease (PD, which is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer’s disease. Pain is ranked high by patients as a troublesome symptom in all stages of the disease. In early-stage PD, pain is rated as the most bothersome symptom. Knowledge of the correct diagnosis of pain origin and possible methods of treatments for pain relief in PD is of great importance. The symptoms have a great negative impact on health-related quality of life. Separating PD-related pain from pain of other origins is an important challenge and can be characterized as “many syndromes under the same umbrella”. Among the different forms of PD-related pain, musculoskeletal pain is the most common form, accounting for 40%–90% of reported pain in PD patients. Augmentation by pathophysiological pathways other than those secondary to rigidity, tremor, or any of the other motor manifestations of the disease seems most probable. In PD, the basal ganglia process somatosensory information differently, and increased subjective pain sensitivity with lower electrical and heat-pain thresholds has been reported in PD patients. The mechanism is assumed to be diminished activity of the descending inhibitory control system of the basal ganglia. PD pain, like many of the nonmotor symptoms, remains underdiagnosed and, thus, poorly managed. A systematic collection of patient descriptions of type, quality, and duration of pain is, therefore, of utmost importance. Recent studies have validated new and more specific and dedicated pain scales for PD-related symptoms. Symptomatic treatments based

  19. Magnetic resonance imaging investigation of the bone conduction implant – a pilot study at 1.5 Tesla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredén Jansson KJ

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Karl-Johan Fredén Jansson,1 Bo Håkansson,1 Sabine Reinfeldt,1 Cristina Rigato,1 Måns Eeg-Olofsson2 1Department of Signals and Systems, Chalmers University of Technology, 2Deptartment of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden Purpose: The objective of this pilot study was to investigate if an active bone conduction implant (BCI used in an ongoing clinical study withstands magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of 1.5 Tesla. In particular, the MRI effects on maximum power output (MPO, total harmonic distortion (THD, and demagnetization were investigated. Implant activation and image artifacts were also evaluated.Methods and materials: One implant was placed on the head of a test person at the position corresponding to the normal position of an implanted BCI and applied with a static pressure using a bandage and scanned in a 1.5 Tesla MRI camera. Scanning was performed both with and without the implant, in three orthogonal planes, and for one spin-echo and one gradient-echo pulse sequence. Implant functionality was verified in-between the scans using an audio processor programmed to generate a sequence of tones when attached to the implant. Objective verification was also carried out by measuring MPO and THD on a skull simulator as well as retention force, before and after MRI.Results: It was found that the exposure of 1.5 Tesla MRI only had a minor effect on the MPO, ie, it decreased over all frequencies with an average of 1.1±2.1 dB. The THD remained unchanged above 300 Hz and was increased only at lower frequencies. The retention magnet was demagnetized by 5%. The maximum image artifacts reached a distance of 9 and 10 cm from the implant in the coronal plane for the spin-echo and the gradient-echo sequence, respectively. The test person reported no MRI induced sound from the implant.Conclusion: This pilot study indicates that the present BCI

  20. A comparison of cardiovascular risk factors for ten antipsychotic drugs in clinical practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bodén R

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Robert Bodén,1,2 Gunnar Edman,3,4 Johan Reutfors,2 Claes-Göran Östenson,3 Urban Ösby3,4 1Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; 2Department of Medicine Solna, Centre for Pharmacoepidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 4Department of Psychiatry, Tiohundra AB, Norrtälje, Sweden Abstract: It is well known that abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance are highly prevalent in patients receiving maintenance treatment with antipsychotics, but there is limited knowledge about the association between cardiovascular risk factors and treatment with antipsychotic drugs. In this naturalistic study we investigated a sample of 809 antipsychotic-treated patients from Swedish psychosis outpatient teams. Cardiovascular risk factors (eg, metabolic syndrome, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, and low-density lipoprotein values were measured, and their associations to current antipsychotic pharmacotherapy were studied. Ten antipsychotic drugs were compared in a stepwise logistic regression model. For the patients, the presence of the components of metabolic syndrome ranged from 35% for hyperglycemia to 64% for elevated waist circumference. Hypertriglyceridemia was associated with clozapine (odds ratio [OR] = 1.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.08–3.04, reduced high-density lipoprotein with both clozapine and olanzapine (OR = 1.73, 95% CI 1.01–2.97; and OR = 2.03, 95% CI 1.32–3.13, hypertension with perphenazine (OR = 2.00, 95% CI 1.21–3.59, and hyperglycemia inversely with ziprasidone (OR = 0.21, 95% CI 0.05–0.89 and positively with haloperidol (OR = 2.02, 95% CI 1.18–3.48. There were no significant relationships between any of the antipsychotic drugs and increased waist circumference, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, or low-density lipoprotein levels. In

  1. Progression-free survival/time to progression as a potential surrogate for overall survival in HR+, HER2– metastatic breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forsythe A

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Anna Forsythe,1 David Chandiwana,2 Janina Barth,3 Marroon Thabane,4 Johan Baeck,2 Gabriel Tremblay1 1Purple Squirrel Economics, New York, NY, 2Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ, USA; 3Novartis Pharma GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany; 4Novartis Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, Dorval, QC, Canada Background: Several recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs in hormone receptor-positive (HR+, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2– metastatic breast cancer (MBC have demonstrated significant improvements in progression-free survival (PFS; however, few have reported improvement in overall survival (OS. The surrogacy of PFS or time to progression (TTP for OS has not been formally investigated in HR+, HER2– MBC.Methods: A systematic literature review of RCTs in HR+, HER2– MBC was conducted to identify studies that reported both median PFS/TTP and OS. The correlation between PFS/TTP and OS was evaluated using Pearson’s product–moment correlation and Spearman’s rank correlation. Subgroup analyses were performed to explore possible reasons for heterogeneity. Errors-in-variables weighted least squares regression (LSR was used to model incremental OS months as a function of incremental PFS/TTP months. An exploratory analysis investigated the impact of three covariates (chemotherapy vs hormonal/targeted therapy, PFS vs TTP, and first-line therapy vs second-line therapy or greater on OS prediction. The lower 95% prediction band was used to determine the minimum incremental PFS/TTP months required to predict OS benefit (surrogate threshold effect [STE].Results: Forty studies were identified. There was a statistically significant correlation between median PFS/TTP and OS (Pearson =0.741, P=0.000; Spearman =0.650, P=0.000. These results proved consistent for chemotherapy and hormonal/targeted therapy. Univariate LSR analysis yielded an R2 of 0.354 with 1 incremental PFS/TTP month corresponding to 1.13 incremental OS months

  2. Lack of effect of methotrexate in budesonide-refractory collagenous colitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Münch A

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Andreas Münch,1,* Johan Bohr,2,3,* Lina Vigren,4 Curt Tysk,2,3,* Magnus Ström1,* 1Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping University, Linköping, 2Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro University, Örebro, 3School of Health and Medical Science, Örebro University, Örebro, 4Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Clinical Science, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden *These authors are members of the Swedish Organization for the study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (SOIBD, a national organization for gastroenterologists, colorectal surgeons, and basic scientists Background: In most cases, collagenous colitis can be treated effectively with budesonide. However, some patients develop side effects or have chronic symptoms refractory to budesonide. This paper reports an open case series of patients intolerant or refractory to budesonide who were treated with methotrexate (MTX. Methods and patients: Nine patients (seven women with a median (range age of 62 (44–77 years were studied. Bowel movements were registered during 1 week prior to baseline and after 6 and 12 weeks’ treatment, enabling calculation of the mean bowel movements/day. All patients underwent colonoscopy with biopsies before inclusion to confirm diagnosis. Open treatment with MTX was given 15 mg subcutaneously weekly for 6 weeks and was increased to 25 mg for a further 6 weeks if symptoms were unresponsive to the first 6 weeks’ treatment. The endpoint was clinical remission, which was defined as a mean <3 stools/day and mean <1 watery stool/day/week at Week 12. The Short Health Scale was used at baseline and Week 12 to assess health-related quality of life. Results: Five patients fulfilled the treatment according to the protocol and four patients discontinued the study after 3–6 weeks because of adverse events. No patient achieved

  3. The Paget Trial: A Multicenter, Observational Cohort Intervention Study for the Clinical Efficacy, Safety, and Immunological Response of Topical 5% Imiquimod Cream for Vulvar Paget Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Linden, Michelle; Meeuwis, Kim; van Hees, Colette; van Dorst, Eleonora; Bulten, Johan; Bosse, Tjalling; IntHout, Joanna; Boll, Dorry; Slangen, Brigitte; van Seters, Manon; van Beurden, Marc; van Poelgeest, Mariëtte; de Hullu, Joanne

    2017-09-06

    assessed by evaluation of adverse events and tolerability of treatment. To evaluate the immunological response, various immunological markers will be tested on biopsy specimens taken before, during, and after treatment. Quality of life will be assessed with three questionnaires taken before, during, and after treatment. First results are expected in the summer of 2018. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02385188; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02385188 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6sXygHuhP). ©Michelle van der Linden, Kim Meeuwis, Colette van Hees, Eleonora van Dorst, Johan Bulten, Tjalling Bosse, Joanna IntHout, Dorry Boll, Brigitte Slangen, Manon van Seters, Marc van Beurden, Mariëtte van Poelgeest, Joanne de Hullu. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 06.09.2017.

  4. Benthic foraminifera cultured over a large salinity gradient: first results and comparison with field data from the Baltic Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groeneveld, Jeroen; Filipsson, Helena L.; Austin, William E. N.; Darling, Kate; Quintana Krupinski, Nadine B.

    2015-04-01

    found in both salinity regimes but that the Ammonia genotypes differ depending on the prevailing salinity regime. Also in the CONTEMPORARY team: Heather Austin, Clare Bird, Johan Gabrielsson, David J. McCarthy, Angela Roberts, Magali Schweizer.

  5. Afghanistan in the whirlwind of US-Russia rivalry in Central Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yahia Baiza

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Afghanistan has been the political and military focal points of the United States (US and Russia (formerly the Soviet Union for over a half a century. Initially, from the 1950s through to the 1970s, the superpowers competed for influence through educational, economic and technical development projects. They used their international development aid as a strategic tool to penetrate the country’s political elite circles to create a space for their political and strategic influence. The nature of development aid then changed to a series of proxy military conflicts throughout the 1980s, which also changed the fate of Afghanistan from that of a developing to that of a conflict country. The current US occupation of Afghanistan (October 2001-present is the latest in the cycle of conflict and rivalry between the US and Russia in Afghanistan and Central Asia. Against this background, this article presents an analysis of how (i the US and Russia create a context and a situation in which they develop, advance, and implement their political and military discourses and strategic concepts, intending to influence each other’s areas of strategic interests; (ii the different components of conflicts and violence are interconnected with one another; and (iii their rivalry for strategic influence in Afghanistan and the broader region of Central Asia triggered a cycle of conflict and a series of continuing proxy wars in Afghanistan. This article applies Johan Galtung’s theories of conflicts as the broader theoretical framework. The developed framework combines Galtung’s three theories of conflict, namely the ABC triangle of conflict, triangle of violence and triangle of peace strategy (Galtung, 1967, 1996. The findings of this article demonstrate that both the US and Russia fight each other in Afghanistan as well as in the wider Central Asia region by supporting and maintaining their satellite countries and periphery elites in power and negotiate each other

  6. Adherence to AHA Guidelines When Adapted for Augmented Reality Glasses for Assisted Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebert, Johan N; Ehrler, Frederic; Gervaix, Alain; Haddad, Kevin; Lacroix, Laurence; Schrurs, Philippe; Sahin, Ayhan; Lovis, Christian; Manzano, Sergio

    2017-05-29

    critical resuscitation endpoints and drug dose delivery were not improved using AR glasses. However, errors and deviations were significantly reduced in terms of defibrillation doses when compared with the use of the PALS pocket reference cards. In a total of 40 defibrillation attempts, residents not wearing AR glasses used wrong doses in 65% (26/40) of cases, including 21 shock overdoses >100 J, for a cumulative defibrillation dose of 18.7 Joules per kg. These errors were reduced by 53% (21/40, Presuscitation endpoints when compared with PALS pocket cards. However, they improved adherence and performance among residents in terms of administering the defibrillation doses set by AHA. ©Johan N Siebert, Frederic Ehrler, Alain Gervaix, Kevin Haddad, Laurence Lacroix, Philippe Schrurs, Ayhan Sahin, Christian Lovis, Sergio Manzano. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 29.05.2017.

  7. Parkinson’s disease permanent care unit: managing the chronic-palliative interface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lökk J

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Johan LökkDepartment of Neurobiology, Caring Sciences, and Society, Karolinska Institutet; Geriatric Department, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, SwedenBackground: Parkinson’s disease (PD eventually leads to severe functional decline and dependence. Specialized care units for PD patients in need of permanent care are lacking.Methods: Patients with severe PD are referred to the PD permanent care unit harboring 30 patients with specialized medical and health care provided by trained staff. Patients need to have intensive medical and care needs, and be no longer able to stay at home or at an ordinary institution. A written and continuously reviewed care plan is made for each patient at admission, with the overriding aim to preserve quality of life and optimize functionality.Results: After five years, the PD permanent care unit has cared for 70 patients (36 men and 34 women with a mean age of 76.6 years and a mean duration of Parkinsonism of 11.8 years. Hoehn and Yahr severity of disease was 3.7, cognition was 25.3 (Mini-Mental State Examination, and the mean daily levodopa dose was 739 mg. The yearly fatality rate was seven, and the mean duration of stay was 26.9 months. Only five patients moved out from the unit.Conclusion: A specially designed and staffed care unit for Parkinsonism patients seems to fill a need for patients and caregivers, as well as for social and health care authorities. This model is sensitive to the changing needs and capacities of patients, ensuring that appropriate services are available in a timely manner. There was a rather short duration of patient stay and remaining life span after admission to the unit. Despite the chronic/palliative state of patients at the PD permanent care unit, there are many therapeutic options, with the overriding objective being to allow the patients to end their days in a professional and comfortable environment.Keywords: Parkinsonism, palliative care, end-stage disease

  8. ELEVATE: an innovative study design to assess the efficacy, safety, and evolution of cardiovascular parameters in de novo kidney transplant recipients after early conversion from a calcineurin inhibitor to everolimus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van der Giet M

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Markus van der Giet,1 Josep M Cruzado,2 Johan W de Fijter,3 Hallvard Holdaas,4 Zailong Wang,5 Antonio Speziale,6 Guido Junge61Department of Nephrology, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charite'-Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany; 2Department of Nephrology, University Hospital of Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; 3Department of Nephrology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; 4Section of Nephrology, Department of Transplant Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway; 5Biometrics and Statistical Science, Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ, USA; 6Research and Development, Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, SwitzerlandAbstract: Progressive decline in allograft function and cardiovascular mortality after kidney transplantation remain major clinical challenges that can potentially be addressed by the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR inhibitors, everolimus and sirolimus. mTOR inhibitors maintain immunosuppressive efficacy after minimization of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI therapy and can achieve significant long-term improvements in renal function. Recently, data have accumulated that suggest mTOR inhibitors may offer cardioprotective effects. In animal models, inhibition of mTOR leads to regression of cardiac hypertrophy, and the limited data consistently point to a remodeling benefit following heart transplantation. Experimentally, mTOR inhibitors restrict atherogenesis, confirmed clinically by intravascular ultrasound data demonstrating lower rates of transplant vasculopathy in heart transplant recipients on everolimus. Lastly, mTOR inhibitors appear to ameliorate arterial stiffness, a known risk factor for post-transplant cardiovascular events, but data remain sparse. The ELEVATE study will examine the renal effect of early conversion from CNI therapy to everolimus after kidney transplantation. Key secondary endpoints include the change in left ventricular mass index, the first time

  9. MO-F-CAMPUS-J-04: Radiation Heat Load On the MR System of the Elekta Atlantic System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Towe, S; Roberts, D [Elekta Limited, Crawley, West Sussex (United Kingdom); Overweg, J [Philips Innovative Technologies, Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany); Van Lanen, E [Philips Healthcare, Latham, NY (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: The Elekta Atlantic system combines a digital linear accelerator system with a 1.5T Philips MRI machine.This study aimed to assess the energy deposited within the cryostat system when the radiation beam passes through the cryostat. The cryocooler on the magnet has a cooling capacity which is about 1 Watt in excess of the cryogenic heat leak into the magnet’s cold mass. A pressure-controlled heater inside the magnet balances the excess refrigeration power such that the helium pressure in the tank is kept slightly above ambient air pressure. If radiation power is deposited in the cold mass then this heater will need less power to maintain pressure equilibrium and if the radiation heat load exceeds the excess cryocooler capacity the pressure will rise. Methods: An in-house CAD based Monte Carlo code based on Penelope was used to model the entire MR-Linac system to quantify the heat load on the magnet’s cold mass. These results were then compared to experimental results obtained from an Elekta Atlantic system installed in UMC-Utrecht. Results: For a field size of 25 cm x 22 cm and a dose rate of 107 mu.min-1, the energy deposited by the radiation beam led to a reduction in heater power from 1.16 to 0.73 W. Simulations predicted a reduction to 0.69 W which is in good agreement. For the worst case field size (largest) and maximum dose rate the cryostat cooler capacity was exceeded. This resulted in a pressure rise within the system but was such that continuous irradiation for over 12 hours would be required before the magnet would start blowing off helium. Conclusion: The study concluded that the Atlantic system does not have to be duty cycle restricted, even for the worst case non-clinical scenario and that there are no adverse effects on the MR system. Stephen Towe and David Roberts Both work for Elekta; Ezra Van Lanen works for Philips Healthcare; Johan Overweg works for Philips Innovative Technologies.

  10. A Mobile Device App to Reduce Time to Drug Delivery and Medication Errors During Simulated Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebert, Johan N; Ehrler, Frederic; Combescure, Christophe; Lacroix, Laurence; Haddad, Kevin; Sanchez, Oliver; Gervaix, Alain; Lovis, Christian; Manzano, Sergio

    2017-02-01

    391 s (95% CI 298-483), respectively (177.3 s reduction, P=.002). Medication errors were reduced from 70% to 0% (P<.001) by using PedAMINES when compared with conventional methods. In this simulation-based study, PedAMINES dramatically reduced TDP, to delivery and the rate of medication errors. ©Johan N Siebert, Frederic Ehrler, Christophe Combescure, Laurence Lacroix, Kevin Haddad, Oliver Sanchez, Alain Gervaix, Christian Lovis, Sergio Manzano. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 01.02.2017.

  11. Cost-effectiveness of adding rituximab to fludarabine and cyclophosphamide for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia in Ukraine

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    Mandrik O

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Olena Mandrik,1 Isaac Corro Ramos,2 Saskia Knies,1,3 Maiwenn Al,1,2 Johan L Severens1,2 1Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; 2Institute of Medical Technology Assessment (iMTA, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; 3National Health Care Institute, Diemen, the Netherlands Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness, from a health care perspective, of adding rituximab to fludarabine and cyclophosphamide scheme (FCR versus FC for treatment-naïve and refractory/relapsed Ukrainian patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. A decision-analytic Markov cohort model with three health states and 1-month cycle time was developed and run within a life time horizon. Data from two multinational, prospective, open-label Phase 3 studies were used to assess patients' survival. While utilities were generalized from UK data, local resource utilization and disease-associated treatment, hospitalization, and side effect costs were applied. The alternative scenario was performed to assess the impact of lower life expectancy of the general population in Ukraine on the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER for treatment-naïve patients. One-way, two-way, and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted to assess the robustness of the results. The ICER (in US dollars of treating chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with FCR versus FC is US$8,704 per quality-adjusted life year gained for treatment-naïve patients and US$11,056 for refractory/relapsed patients. When survival data were modified to the lower life expectancy of the general population in Ukraine, the ICER for treatment-naïve patients was higher than US$13,000. This value is higher than three times the current gross domestic product per capita in Ukraine. Sensitivity analyses have shown a high impact of rituximab costs and a moderate impact of differences in utilities on the ICER

  12. Acupuncture in ambulatory anesthesia: a review

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    Norheim AJ

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Arne Johan Norheim,1 Ingrid Liodden,1 Terje Alræk1,2 1National Research Center in Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NAFKAM, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, 2The Norwegian School of Health Sciences, Institute of Acupuncture, Kristiania University College, Oslo, NorwayBackground: Post-anesthetic morbidities remain challenging in our daily practice of anesthesia. Meta-analyses and reviews of acupuncture and related techniques for postoperative nausea and vomiting (POVN and postoperative vomiting (POV show promising results while many clinicians remain skeptical of the value of acupuncture. Given the interest in finding safe non-pharmacological approaches toward postoperative care, this body of knowledge needs to be considered. This review critically appraises and summarizes the research on acupuncture and acupressure in ambulatory anesthesia during the last 15 years.Methods: Articles were identified through searches of Medline, PubMed, and Embase using the search terms “acupuncture” or “acupuncture therapy” in combination with “ambulatory anesthesia” or “ambulatory surgery” or “day surgery” or “postoperative”. A corresponding search was done using “acupressure” and “wristbands”. The searches generated a total of 104, 118, and 122 references, respectively.Results: Sixteen studies were included; eight studies reported on acupuncture and eight on acupressure. Nine studies found acupuncture or acupressure effective on primary endpoints including postoperative nausea and vomiting, postoperative pain, sore throat, and emergence agitation. Four studies found acupuncture had a similar effect to antiemetic medication.Conclusion: Overall, the studies were of fairly good quality. A large proportion of the reviewed papers highlights an effect of acupuncture or acupressure on postoperative morbidities in an ambulatory setting

  13. Sleep, eating disorder symptoms, and daytime functioning

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    Tromp MD

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Marilou DP Tromp,1 Anouk AMT Donners,1 Johan Garssen,1,2 Joris C Verster1,31Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 2Nutricia Research, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 3Center for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University, Melbourne, VIC, AustraliaObjective: To investigate the relationship between eating disorders, body mass index (BMI, sleep disorders, and daytime functioning.Design: Survey.Setting: The Netherlands.Participants: N=574 Dutch young adults (18–35 years old.Measurements: Participants completed a survey on eating and sleep habits including the Eating Disorder Screen for Primary care (ESP and SLEEP-50 questionnaire subscales for sleep apnea, insomnia, circadian rhythm disorder (CRD, and daytime functioning. SLEEP-50 outcomes of participants who screened negative (≤2 and positive (>2 on the ESP were compared. In addition, SLEEP-50 scores of groups of participants with different ESP scores (0–4 and different BMI groups (ie, underweight, healthy weight, overweight, and obese were compared using nonparametric statistics.Results: Almost 12% (n=67 of participants screened positive for having an eating disorder. Relative to participants without eating disorders, participants who screened positive for eating disorders reported significantly higher scores on sleep apnea (3.7 versus 2.9, P=0.012, insomnia (7.7 versus 5.5, P<0.0001, CRD (2.9 versus 2.3, P=0.011, and impairment of daytime functioning (8.8 versus 5.8, P=0.0001. ESP scores were associated with insomnia (r=0.117, P=0.005, sleep apnea (r=0.118, P=0.004, sleep quality (r=−0.104, P=0.012, and daytime functioning (r=0.225, P<0.0001, but not with CRD (r=0.066, P=0.112. BMI correlated significantly with ESP scores (r=0.172, P<0.0001 and scores on sleep apnea (r=0.171, P<0.0001. When controlling for BMI, the partial correlation between ESP and sleep apnea remained significant (r=0.10, P=0.015.Conclusion

  14. Book Reviews

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    Judith Nagata

    1986-04-01

    : Stichting Internationaal Instituut voor sociale geschiedenis, 1985, xxviii + 210 pp., Margreet Schrevel (eds. - Jan van der Putten, Slamet Modiwirjo, Panglipur Ati (ed. Johan Sarmo & Hein Vruggink, Uitgegeven door de afdeling cultuurstudies van het Ministerie van Volksmobilisatie en cultuur (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Saleman Siswowitono, Dongèng Kancil; Het verhaal van kantjil (ed. J.J. Sarmo & H.D. Vruggink, Een uitgave van de afdeling cultuur studies van het Ministerie van cultuur, Jeugd en Sport (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Pamin Asmawidjaja, Djoko miskin; De arme jongeling (ed. J.J. Sarmo & H.D. Vruggink, Een uitgave van de afdeling cultuur studies van het Ministerie van cultuur, jeugd en sport (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Johan J. Sarmo, Cikal; Kalawarti Jawa-Suriname, Wonny Karijopawiro (redactie, Nummers 1 tot en met 4 (1: 1982; 2: mei 1983; 3: oktober 1983; 4: maart 1984., Sari Kasanpawiro, Hein Vruggink (eds. - S.C. van Randwijck, Th. van den End, De Gereformeerde Zendingsbond (1901-1961 Nederland-Tanah Toraja, een bronnenpublicatie, bewerkt door Dr. Th. van den End, 782 pp., 1985. - R. Roolvink, Judith Nagata, The reflowering of Malaysian Islam - Modern religious radicals and their roots, University of Columbia Press, Vancouver, 1984, xxv + 267 pp., 2 appendixes, index. - Roger Tol, Soenjono Dardjowidjojo, Vocabulary building in Indonesian: an advanced reader. Ohio University, Monographs in international studies, Southeast Asia series No. 64, 1984. XVII, 647 pp. - R.S. Wassing, Annegret Haake, Javanische Batik. Methode, Symbolik, Geschichte (Javanese Batik. Method, symbolism, history, Hannover: Verlag M. + H. Schaper (Textilkunst-Fach-schrifte, 1984. Bound, 128 pp., 24 colour ills., black and white ills., drawings. - R.S. Wassing, Inger McCabe Elliott, Batik. Fabled cloth of Java, New York: Clarkson N. Potter Inc., 1984. Bound, 240 pp., 128 colour ills., black and white ills., drawings. - R.S. Wassing, Alit Veldhuisen

  15. EDITORIAL: Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2012 Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherry, Simon; Ruffle, Jon

    2013-08-01

    The publishers of Physics in Medicine and Biology (PMB), IOP Publishing, in association with the journal owners, the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM), jointly award the Roberts prize for the best paper published in PMB during the previous year. The procedure for deciding the winner is a two-stage process. First, a shortlist of contenders is drawn up based on those papers that had the best referees' quality assessments, with a further quality check and endorsement by the Editorial Board. The papers on the shortlist are then reviewed by a specially convened IPEM committee consisting of members with fellow status. This committee reads the shortlisted papers and selects the winner. We have much pleasure in advising readers that the Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2012 is awarded to Michel Defrise, Ahmadreza Rezaei and Johan Nuyts from the Vrije Universiteit Brussels and the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium for their breakthrough paper that describes how the information needed for attenuation correction in PET imaging can be extracted, to within a constant, from time-of-flight emission data: Time-of-flight PET data determine the attenuation sinogram up to a constant 2012 Phys. Med. Biol. 57 885 Michel Defrise1, Ahmadreza Rezaei2 and Johan Nuyts2 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, B-1090 Brussels, Belgium 2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium This paper represents an important and timely contribution to the literature as time-of-flight PET scanners are now offered by several manufacturers. In hybrid PET/CT scanners, the PET attenuation correction, necessary for quantitative reconstruction of the tracer distribution, can be derived directly from the CT data. Sometimes, however, the PET and CT scans may be poorly aligned due to patient motion and other approaches are needed. In addition, hybrid PET/MRI scanners also, have been developed recently, and in

  16. The Dark Side of Nature: the Crime was Almost Perfect

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    , watching and waiting as if for a jack-in-the-box to spring open. The MISTICI collaboration used ESO's Very Large Telescope to follow the burst for 50 days. "Despite our deep monitoring, no rebrightening due to a supernova was seen," said Gianpiero Tagliaferri from the Observatory of Brera, Italy and member of the team. "If a supernova is present, if should at least be 100 times fainter than any other supernova usually associated with a long burst." The burst exploded in a dwarf galaxy that shows moderate signs of star formation. Thus young, massive stars are present and, at the end of its life one of them could have uttered this long, agonising cry before vanishing into a black hole. "Why did it do so in a dark way, with no sign of a supernova?" asked Guido Chincarini, from the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy, also member of the team. "A possibility is that a massive black hole formed that did not allow any matter to escape. All the material that is usually ejected in a supernova explosion would then fall back and be swallowed." ESO PR Photo 49c/06 ESO PR Photo 49b/06 GRB 060505 (FORS/VLT) The same conclusion was previously reached by another team, who monitored both GRB 060614 and another burst, GRB 060505 (5 May 2006) for 5 and 12 weeks, respectively. For this, they used the ESO VLT and the 1.54-m Danish telescope at La Silla. GRB 060505 was a faint burst with a duration of 4 seconds, and as such also belongs to the category of long bursts [1]. For GRB 060505, the astronomers could only see the burst in visible light for one night and then it faded away, while for GRB 060614, they could only follow it for four nights after the burst. Thus, if supernovae were associated with these long-bursts, as one would have expected, they must have been about a hundred times fainter than a normal supernova. "Although both bursts are long, the remarkable conclusion from our monitoring is that there were no supernovae associated with them," said Johan Fynbo from the DARK Cosmology

  17. Medium-to-high prevalence of screening-detected parkinsonism in the urban area of Tehran, Iran: data from a community-based door-to-door study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fereshtehnejad SM

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad,1,2 Mahdiyeh Shafieesabet,3 Arash Rahmani,4 Ahmad Delbari,1,5 Johan Lökk1,6 1Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences, and Society (NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Firoozgar Clinical Research Development Center (FCRDC, Firoozgar Hospital, 3Medical Student Research Committee (MSRC, Faculty of Medicine, 4Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 5Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran; 6Department of Geriatric Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden Introduction: Parkinsonism occurs in all ethnic groups worldwide; however, there are wide variations in the prevalence rates reported from different countries, even for neighboring regions. The huge socioeconomic burden of parkinsonism necessitates the need for prevalence studies in each country. So far, there is neither data registry nor prevalence information on parkinsonism in the Iranian population. The aim of our study was to estimate the prevalence rate of probable parkinsonism in a huge urban area in Iran, Tehran using a community-based door-to-door survey.Materials and methods: We used a random multistage sampling of the households within the network of health centers consisting of 374 subunits in all 22 districts throughout the entire urban area of Tehran. Overall, 20,621 individuals answered the baseline checklist and screening questionnaire and data from 19,500 persons aged ≥30 years were entered in the final analysis. Health care professionals used a new six-item screening questionnaire for parkinsonism, which has been previously shown to have a high validity and diagnostic value in the same population.Results: A total of 157 cases were screened for parkinsonism using the validated six-item questionnaire. After

  18. Simulation of a class of hazardous situations in the ICS «INM RAS - Baltic Sea»

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakharova, Natalia; Agoshkov, Valery; Aseev, Nikita; Parmuzin, Eugene; Sheloput, Tateana; Shutyaev, Victor

    2017-04-01

    explicitly found. The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project 16-31-00510) and by the Russian Science Foundation (project №14-11-00609). V. I. Agoshkov, Methods of Optimal Control and Adjoint Equations in Problems of Mathematical Physics. INM RAS, Moscow, 2003 (in Russian). V. B. Zalesny, A. V. Gusev, V. O. Ivchenko, R. Tamsalu, and R. Aps, Numerical model of the Baltic Sea circulation. Russ. J. Numer. Anal. Math. Modelling 28 (2013), No. 1, 85-100. V.I. Agoshkov, A.O. Zayachkovskiy, R. Aps, P. Kujala, and J. Rytkönen. Risk theory based solution to the problem of optimal vessel route // Russian Journal of Numerical Analysis and Mathematical Modelling. 2014. Volume 29, Issue 2, Pages 69-78. Agoshkov, V., Aseev, N., Aps, R., Kujala, P., Rytkönen, J., Zalesny, V. The problem of control of oil pollution risk in the Baltic Sea // Russian Journal of Numerical Analysis and Mathematical Modelling. 2014. Volume 29, Issue 2, Pages 93-105. E. I. Parmuzin and V. I. Agoshkov, Numerical solution of the variational assimilation problem for sea surface temperature in the model of the Black Sea dynamics. Russ. J. Numer. Anal. Math. Modelling 27 (2012), No. 1, 69-94. Olof Liungman and Johan Mattsson. Scientic Documentation of Seatrack Web; physical processes, algorithms and references, 2011.

  19. Differential NF-κB and MAPK activation underlies fluoride- and TPA-mediated CXCL8 (IL-8 induction in lung epithelial cells

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    Refsnes M

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Magne Refsnes, Tonje Skuland, Marit Låg, Per E Schwarze, Johan Øvrevik Department of Air Pollution and Noise, Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway Abstract: Different toxic agents have a varying potential to induce the production of the proinflammatory chemokine, CXCL8 (interleukin [IL]-8, in lung cells. A critical question is which mechanisms determine the magnitude and persistence of the CXCL8 responses to different stimuli. To approach this, we compared the potential of the phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA, and sodium fluoride (NaF to induce CXCL8 responses in A549 cells, with emphasis on the importance of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB- and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK signaling. Notably, TPA induced a greater release of CXCL8 than did NaF. Furthermore, TPA induced a strong, rapid, but transient upregulation of CXCL8 messenger (mRNA, whereas NaF induced a weaker, more delayed, but persistent upregulation. With respect to signaling, TPA led to an early, strong, and relatively transient extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2 phosphorylation, and a less marked and even more transient phosphorylation of c-jun-N-terminal kinases (JNK1/2 and p38. In contrast, NaF elicited a lower, but relatively sustained increase in phosphorylation of ERK1/2, and a marked phosphorylation of p38 and JNK1/2, with the JNK1/2 response as most transient. Only ERK1/2 inhibition affected the TPA response, whereas inhibition of all the three MAPK cascades reduced NaF-induced CXCL8 release. TPA also induced an early, marked phosphorylation/translocation of p65 (NF-κB, whereas NaF induced slower, less pronounced effects on p65. The CXCL8 responses by TPA and NaF were reduced by p65-siRNA. In conclusion, all MAPK cascades were involved in NaF-induced CXCL8 release, whereas only ERK1/2 activation was involved in response to TPA. Furthermore, NF-κB activation appeared to be

  20. The original appearance of the painted room in the Martenahuis in Franeker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ige Verslype

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The Martenahuis in Franeker contains a special room whose walls and ceiling are decorated with vast paintings on canvas. Such fully painted rooms were very popular in the northern Dutch provinces from the last quarter of the seventeenth century and were called ‘painted rooms’ or ‘rooms in the round’. Owing to later additions and alterations, the painted room in the Martenahuis presents a disjointed picture today. The room’s original appearance has been reconstructed with the help of material-technical, art-historical and archival research. It transpires that all the elements of the room were meticulously coordinated with one another, which provides insight into the intentions of the client and the artists involved.The now white-painted flat wooden architectural elements were originally painted with a reddish-brown trompe l’oeil representation which, together with the paintings inserted into them, created the illusion of a richly decorated classical pavilion overlooking Arcadian landscapes. Technical research revealed – in contrast to what the literature had previously suggested – that all the landscape hangings, as well as the central ceiling piece and the eight original wainscot paintings, were part of a single series made especially for this room. Archival research has shown that the room came into being in or shortly after 1701, following the departure in August 1701 of the young Frisian stadholder Johan Willem Friso (1687-1711, who had stayed there while studying at Franeker University. The construction of the room was part of a large-scale renovation commissioned by the wealthy regent Suffridus Westerhuis (1668-1731, who had acquired the building in 1694. Various prints by the French architect Daniel Marot (1661-1752 served as inspiration for the room’s design. Those designs were all published before 1703. There are no elements dating back to Marot’s inventions from or after 1703, such as those included in his collected

  1. SOIL - A new open access journal of the European Geosciences Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brevik, Eric; Mataix-Solera, Jorge; Pereg, Lily; Quinton, John; Six, Johan; Van Oost, Kristof; Cerdà, Artemi

    2014-05-01

    referees' comments (anonymous or attributed), additional short comments by other members of the scientific community (attributed), and the author's replies will also be published in SOIL-D. In the second stage, a peer-review and revision process is completed and, if accepted, finalized papers are published in SOIL. To ensure publication precedence for authors, and to provide a lasting record of scientific discussion, SOIL-D and SOIL are both ISSN-registered, permanently archived, and fully citable. SOIL has a team of five executive editors who work together to oversee the running of the journal. Those executive editors, and their areas of primary oversight, are Eric Brevik (Review Article Editor), Jorge Mataix-Solera (Special Issues Editor), John Quinton (Awards and Recognitions Editor), Johan Six (Managing Editor), and Kristof Van Oost (Forum Article Editor). SOIL also has 46 associate editors. Manuscripts can be submitted to SOIL at the journal's website (http://www.soil-journal.net/home.html) beginning in May 2014. The first issue will be published January of 2015. Publication fees will be waived for the first two years of publication.

  2. In pursuit of empowerment: Sensei Nellie Kleinsmidt, race and gender challenges in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, D E

    2001-01-01

    This chapter traces the way in which Nellie Kleinsmidt, known as the grandmother of karate in Africa, has negotiated discriminatory practices and overcome race and gender-related struggles, including the struggle to free the female body, in pursuit of empowerment. It explores her expectations and the constraints and frustrations she experienced, as well as the many contributions she has made to women's karate in South Africa. Nellie Kleinsmidt's karate career, which began in 1965, coincided with the early developments of South African karate. As a woman of colour her life and karate career were significantly shaped by apartheid legislation. It divided the country into areas of occupancy and residency according to race and was designed to prevent contact between the people of the government defined race groups. Black karate-kas were prohibited by law from practising karate in white designated areas. Lack of facilities and qualified instructors in areas allocated to Kleinsmidt's race group meant that she received very little formal karate instruction between 1966 and 1973. Soon after, she met Johan Roux, a white male. He was to become her chief karate instructor and life-long companion. They defied the apartheid legislation and in 1978 set up home together. They organized defiance campaigns, resisting the pressures from government to close their dojo because of its non-racial policies. Freeing her body at the broader political level involved the abolition of the race categories and all other apartheid legislation which impacted on her life choices and experiences. Initially this struggle and that of freeing her body occurred simultaneously. In her ongoing struggle against gender discrimination in the sport, it was in karate that Nellie Kleinsmidt could strive for the personal empowerment she sought. She could however not translate this into freedom in South African society itself. The impact of apartheid legislation together with the imposition of a sports moratorium

  3. Surfactant treatment before first breath for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm lambs: comparison of a peptide-containing synthetic lung surfactant with porcine-derived surfactant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Zyl JM

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Johann M van Zyl,1 Johan Smith2 1Division of Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa; 2Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Tygerberg Children's Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa Background: In a recent study utilizing a saline-lavaged adult rabbit model, we described a significant improvement in systemic oxygenation and pulmonary shunt after the instillation of a novel synthetic peptide-containing surfactant, Synsurf. Respiratory distress syndrome in the preterm lamb more closely resembles that of the human infant, as their blood gas, pH values, and lung mechanics deteriorate dramatically from birth despite ventilator support. Moreover, premature lambs have lungs which are mechanically unstable, with the advantage of being able to measure multiple variables over extended periods. Our objective in this study was to investigate if Synsurf leads to improved systemic oxygenation, lung mechanics, and histology in comparison to the commercially available porcine-derived lung surfactant Curosurf® when administered before first breath in a preterm lamb model. Materials and methods: A Cesarean section was performed under general anesthesia on 18 time-dated pregnant Dohne Merino ewes at 129–130 days gestation. The premature lambs were delivered and ventilated with an expiratory tidal volume of 6–8 mL/kg for the first 30 minutes and thereafter at 8–10 mL/kg. In a randomized controlled trial, the two surfactants tested were Synsurf and Curosurf®, both at a dose of 100 mg/kg phospholipids (1,2-dipalmitoyl-L-α-phosphatidylcholine; 90% in Synsurf, 40% in Curosurf®. A control group of animals was treated with normal saline. Measurements of physiological variables, blood gases, and lung mechanics were made before and after surfactant and saline replacement and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 180

  4. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Aisha Khan; Callaloo Nation: Metaphors of Race and Religious Identity among South Asians in Trinidad (Kevin Birth Frances Henry; Reclaiming African Religions in Trinidad: The Socio-Political Legitimation of the Orisha and Spiritual Baptist Faiths (Alfrieta Parks Monagan Margarite Fernámdez Olmos, Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert; Creole Religions of the Caribbean: An Introduction from Vodou and Santería to Obeah and Espiritismo (Raquel Romberg Johan Wedel; Santería Healing: A Journey into the Afro-Cuban World of Divinities, Spirits, and Sorcery (Raquel Romberg Gerard Aching; Masking and Power: Carnival and Popular Culture in the Caribbean (Stephen Stuempfle James Pritchard; In Search of Empire: The French in the Americas, 1670-1730 (Brett H. Rusforth Gerhard Menzel; Der schwarze Traum vom Glück: Haiti seit 1804 (Michael Zeuske Marcus Rediker; Villains of all Nations: Atlantic Pirates in the Golden Age (Dian Murray Joseph E. Inikori; Africans and the Industrial Revolution in England: A Study in International Trade and Economic Development (Richard Drayton Fernando Picó; Puerto Rico 1898: The War after the War (Mariola Espinosa Luis Martínez-Fernández; Protestantism and Political Conflict in the Nineteenth-Century Hispanic Caribbean (Michael Zeuske Gabino La Rosa Corzo; Runaway Slave Settlements in Cuba: Resistance and Repression (Daniel O. Sayers Bonham C. Richardson; Igniting the Caribbean?s Past: Fire in British West Indian History (Kenneth H. Orvis Bridget Brereton (ed., Theresa Martínez-Vergne, Rnené A. Römer, Blanca G. Silvestrini (co.eds; General History of the Caribbean. Volume V: The Caribbean in the Twentieth Century (Gert Oostindie Perry Mars, Alma H. Young (eds; Caribbean Labor and Politics: Legacies of Cheddi Jagan and Michael Manley (O. Nigel Bolland Euclid A. Rose; Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean (Obika Gray Bill Schwarz (ed.; West Indian Intellectuals in

  5. “The Law of Abraham the Catholic”: Juan Gabriel as Qur’ān Translator for Martín de Figuerola and Egidio da Viterbo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Arenal, Mercedes

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this article is to investigate the similarities between the Latin translation of the Qur’ān commissioned by the Italian cardinal Egidio da Viterbo (first version, 1518 and Quranic quotations included in a treatise entitled Lumbre de fe contra el Alcorán (Valencia, 1521 authored by a Catholic preacher, Fray Johan Martín de Figuerola, in order to corroborate the hypothesis that the texts share a common author. The person regarded as the link between them is a convert from Islam to Christianity known as Juan Gabriel from Teruel, formerly Ali Alayzar. The arguments in favour of this thesis are presented, first of all, within a historical description of the circumstances and coincidences of the people involved in the production of the two translation projects; secondly, textual evidence is put forward in which correspondences, similarities and differences are highlighted and discussed. We also consider the similarities to the quotations in Juan Andrés’s Confusión o confutación del Alcorán, drawing attention to a circle of other Christian polemicists around Martín García who were all working in various ways with the Arabic Qur’ān.Este artículo se propone estudiar las similitudes entre la traducción latina del Corán encargada por el cardenal Egidio de Viterbo en 1518 y las citas coránicas incluidas en un tratado de polémica titulado Lumbre de fe contra el Alcorán (Valencia, 1521 escrito por un predicador, Fray Martín de Figuerola. Estas similitudes serán destacadas para corroborar la hipótesis de una autoría común a ambas traducciones en la persona de un mudéjar convertido al catolicismo, Juan Gabriel de Teruel, antes llamado Ali Alayzar. Los argumentos en favor de esta tesis se presentan primero en términos de la descripción de las circunstancias y coincidencias de las personas involucradas en ambos proyectos de traducción y en segundo lugar en las coincidencias, similitudes y características comunes a

  6. Demography, diagnostics, and medication in dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease with dementia: data from the Swedish Dementia Quality Registry (SveDem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fereshtehnejad SM

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad,1 Dorota Religa,2,3 Eric Westman,1 Dag Aarsland,2,4 Johan Lökk,1,3 Maria Eriksdotter1,3 1Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences, and Society (NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Department of Geriatric Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; 4Centre for Age-Related Diseases, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway Introduction: Whether dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB and Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD should be considered as one entity or two distinct conditions is a matter of controversy. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of DLB and PDD patients using data from the Swedish Dementia Quality Registry (SveDem. Methods: SveDem is a national Web-based quality registry initiated to improve the quality of diagnostic workup, treatment, and care of patients with dementia across Sweden. Patients with newly diagnosed dementia of various types were registered in SveDem during the years 2007–2011. The current cross-sectional report is based on DLB (n = 487 and PDD (n = 297 patients. Demographic characteristics, diagnostic workup, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE score, and medications were compared between DLB and PDD groups. Results: No gender differences were observed between the two study groups (P = 0.706. PDD patients were significantly younger than DLB patients at the time of diagnosis (74.8 versus 76.8 years, respectively; P < 0.001. A significantly higher prevalence of patients with MMSE score #24 were found in the PDD group (75.2% versus 67.6%; P = 0.030. The mean number of performed diagnostic modalities was significantly higher in the DLB group (4.9 ± 1.7 than in the PDD group (4.1 ± 1.6; P< 0.001. DLB patients were more likely than PDD patients to be treated with

  7. Is progression-free survival a more relevant endpoint than overall survival in first-line HR+/HER2− metastatic breast cancer?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forsythe A

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Anna Forsythe,1 David Chandiwana,2 Janina Barth,3 Marroon Thabane,4 Johan Baeck,5 Anastasiya Shor,1 Gabriel Tremblay6 1Health Technology Assessment Evidence, Purple Squirrel Economics, New York, NY, USA; 2Global Value and Access, Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation, East Hanover, NJ, USA; 3German Market Access, Novartis Pharma GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany; 4Health Policy and Patient Access, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, Dorval, QC, Canada; 5Global Medical Affairs (Oncology Business Unit, Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation, East Hanover, NJ, USA; 6Health Economics, Purple Squirrel Economics, New York, NY, USA Background: Hormone receptor-positive (HR+, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2- negative (HER2−, metastatic breast cancer (MBC accounts for 73% of all MBCs. Endocrine therapy (ET is the basis of first-line (1L therapy for patients with HR+/HER2− MBC. Novel therapies have demonstrated improvements in progression-free survival (PFS compared to ET. The clinical relevance of PFS is being debated, as there is no proven direct correlation with overall survival (OS benefit to date. We reviewed studies of HR+/HER2− MBC to assess PFS and other factors that influence OS and treatment response, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL. Methods: The Embase®, Medline®, and Cochrane databases were systematically searched to identify studies in adult women with HR+/HER2− MBC, published between January 2006 and January 2017, and written in English. Phase II and III randomized controlled trials (RCTs, observational, and retrospective studies were included. Results: Seventy-nine RCTs were identified: 58 (73% in the 1L+ setting and 21 (27% in second-line or greater settings. PFS hazard ratios (HRs were reported in 61 (77% studies; 31 (39% reported significant PFS improvements. OS was reported in 44 (41% studies; 12 (15% reported significant OS improvements. Significant improvements in both PFS and OS were reported in only 6 (8% studies

  8. Good journalism or peace journalism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Loyn

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues against the prescriptive notions of Peace Journalism, and in particular its exclusive nature and attempt to define itself as a new orthodoxy. Most of the paper is a critique of the work of Jake Lynch and Annabel McGoldrick, in a book published in 2005, as well as their earlier Reporting the World series. They condemn all other ways of reporting as 'War Journalism, biased in favour of war.' I argue instead that the opposite of Peace Journalism is good journalism. Much of this Peace Journalism argument is derived from the work of Johan Galtung, who accuses 'war journalists' of reporting war in an enclosed space and time, with no context, concealing peace initiatives and making wars 'opaque/secret.' Galtung specifically calls on journalists as part of their mission to search out peace proposals which might begin as something small and beneath notice, but which might then be picked up and owned by politicians as their own. My response is clear and simple: creating peacemaking politicians is not the business of a reporter. I examine the traditional journalistic methods of using objectivity to get at a version of the truth. I concede that perfect truth is unattainable, (and paradoxically the tool of objectivity we use to get there is slippery too. I conclude that a more quotidian truth, or 'truthfulness' is though a manageable goal. I engage with philosophers who examine objectivity, concluding with the assistance of Thomas Nagel that it does still have a value. Nagel's account also has the merit of explaining how practices such as peace-reporting are bound to be less objective than alternatives, 'since they commit themselves to the adoption of particular perspectives, in effect giving up on the ideal of stripping away as much…as possible.' I examine the responses of the so-called 'journalism of attachment' framed as a desire of journalists faced by the horrors of Bosnia to cast off impartiality and emotional detachment and take

  9. Evaluation of the Prevention and Reactivation Care Program (PReCaP for the hospitalized elderly: a prospective nonrandomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmus-Szepesi KJ

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Kirsten J Asmus-Szepesi,1 Linda E Flinterman,1 Marc A Koopmanschap,2 Anna P Nieboer,2 Ton J Bakker,3 Johan P Mackenbach,1 Ewout W Steyerberg1 1Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, 2Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University, 3Stichting Wetenschap Balans, Rotterdam, the Netherlands Background: The hospitalized elderly are at risk of functional decline. We evaluated the effects and care costs of a specialized geriatric rehabilitation program aimed at preventing functional decline among at-risk hospitalized elderly.Methods: The prospective nonrandomized controlled trial reported here was performed in three hospitals in the Netherlands. One hospital implemented the Prevention and Reactivation Care Program (PReCaP, while two other hospitals providing usual care served as control settings. Within the PReCaP hospital we compared patients pre-implementation with patients post-implementation of the PReCaP (“within-hospital analysis”, while our nonrandomized controlled trial compared patients of the PReCaP hospital post-implementation with patients from the two control hospitals providing usual care (“between-hospital analysis”. Hospitalized patients 65 years or older and at risk of functional decline were interviewed at baseline and at 3 and 12 months using validated questionnaires to score functioning, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL. We estimated costs per unit of care from hospital information systems and national data sources. We used adjusted general linear mixed models to analyze functioning and HRQoL.Results: Between-hospital analysis showed no difference in activities of daily living (ADL or instrumental activities of daily living (IADL between PReCaP patients and control groups. PReCaP patients did have slightly better cognitive functioning (Mini Mental State Examination; 0.4 [95% confidence interval (CI 0.2–0.6], lower depression (Geriatric Depression Scale 15; -0

  10. A Mobile Device App to Reduce Medication Errors and Time to Drug Delivery During Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Study Protocol of a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebert, Johan N; Ehrler, Frederic; Lovis, Christian; Combescure, Christophe; Haddad, Kevin; Gervaix, Alain; Manzano, Sergio

    2017-08-22

    prescription by the physician to drug delivery by the nurse in each allocation group. TDD includes TDP. Stress level during the resuscitation scenario will be assessed for each participant by questionnaire and recorded by the heart rate monitor of a fitness watch. The study is formatted according to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials Statement for Randomized Controlled Trials of Electronic and Mobile Health Applications and Online TeleHealth (CONSORT-EHEALTH) and the Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research. Enrollment and data analysis started in March 2017. We anticipate the intervention will be completed in late 2017, and study results will be submitted in early 2018 for publication expected in mid-2018. Results will be reported in line with recommendations from CONSORT-EHEALTH and the Reporting Guidelines for Health Care Simulation Research . This paper describes the protocol used for a clinical trial assessing the impact of a mobile device app to reduce the rate of medication errors, time to drug preparation, and time to drug delivery during pediatric resuscitation. As research in this area is scarce, results generated from this study will be of great importance and might be sufficient to change and improve the pediatric emergency care practice. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03021122; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03021122 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6nfVJ5b4R). ©Johan N Siebert, Frederic Ehrler, Christian Lovis, Christophe Combescure, Kevin Haddad, Alain Gervaix, Sergio Manzano. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 22.08.2017.

  11. Cost-effectiveness analysis of combination antifungal therapy with voriconazole and anidulafungin versus voriconazole monotherapy for primary treatment of invasive aspergillosis in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grau S

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Santiago Grau,1 Jose Ramon Azanza,2 Isabel Ruiz,3 Carlos Vallejo,4 Josep Mensa,5 Johan Maertens,6 Werner J Heinz,7 Jon Andoni Barrueta,8 Carmen Peral,9 Francisco Jesús Mesa,8 Miguel Barrado,10 Claudie Charbonneau,11 Darío Rubio-Rodríguez,12 Carlos Rubio-Terrés12 1Pharmacy Department, Hospital del Mar, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, 2Clinical Pharmacology Department, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, 3Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital Universitari Vall d’Hebron, Barcelona, 4Hematology Department, Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián, 5Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; 6Hematology Department, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium; 7Hematology/Oncology Department, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik II, Universitätsklinikum, Würzburg, Germany; 8Medical Department, 9Economics and Outcomes Research Department, Pfizer S.L.U, Alcobendas, 10Clinical Trials Department, Trial Form Support, Madrid, Spain; 11Pharmacoeconomics Department, Pfizer International Operations, Paris, France; 12Pharmacoeconomics Department, Health Value, Madrid, Spain Objective: According to a recent randomized, double-blind clinical trial comparing the combination of voriconazole and anidulafungin (VOR+ANI with VOR monotherapy for invasive aspergillosis (IA in patients with hematologic disease or with hematopoietic stem cell transplant, mortality was lower after 6 weeks with VOR+ANI than with VOR monotherapy in a post hoc analysis of patients with galactomannan-based IA. The objective of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of VOR+ANI with VOR, from the perspective of hospitals in the Spanish National Health System.Methods: An economic model with deterministic and probabilistic analyses was used to determine costs per life-year gained (LYG for VOR+ANI versus VOR in patients with galactomannan-based IA. Mortality, adverse event rates, and life expectancy were

  12. PREFACE: Wake Conference 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barney, Andrew; Nørkær Sørensen, Jens; Ivanell, Stefan

    2015-06-01

    at scientists and PhD students working in the field of wake dynamics. The conference covers the following subject areas: Wake and vortex dynamics, instabilities in trailing vortices and wakes, simulation and measurements of wakes, analytical approaches for modeling wakes, wake interaction and other wind farm investigations. Many people have been involved in producing the 2015 Wake Conference proceedings. The work by the more than 60 reviewers ensuring the quality of the papers is greatly appreciated. The timely evaluation and coordination of the reviews would not have been possible without the work of the section editors: Christian Masson, ÉTS, Fernando Porté-Agel, EPFL, Gerard Schepers, ECN Wind Energy, Gijs Van Kuik, Delft University, Gunner Larsen, DTU Wind Energy, Jakob Mann, DTU Wind Energy, Javier Sanz Rodrigo, CENER, Johan Meyers, KU Leuven, Rebecca Barthelmie, Cornell University, Sandrine Aubrun-Sanches, Université d'Orléans and Thomas Leweke, IRPHE-CNRS. We are also immensely indebted to the very responsive support from the editorial team at IOP Publishing, especially Sarah Toms, during the review process of these proceedings. Visby, Sweden, June 2015 Andrew Barney, Jens Nørkær Sørensen and Stefan Ivanell Uppsala University - Campus Gotland

  13. Metatheory Building in the Conflict Field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim Fathi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Extended Abstract in English Given the increasingly complex nature of conflicts, a corresponding increase of new methods can be observed in Peace and Conflict Studies. At this juncture, metatheories aimed at integrating this labyrinth of diverse methods is becoming necessary. This paper will draft a conceptual proposal, discussing two well-known holistic approaches of mediative conflict management in an integrative context: – The Conflict Management Approach by Prof. Dr. Friedrich Glasl (2004. – The Conflict Transformation Approach (The Transcend Method by Prof. Dr. Johan Galtung (2000. The theoretical assumptions of this paper are based on the integral approach by Ken Wilber (2001 – a highly discussed “Theory of Everything“ that has thus far remained widely ignored in Peace and Conflict Studies, yet. Therefore, it is also of interest to scrutinise the integral approach with regard to its contribution for an integrated Peace and Conflict Studies. The analysis was conducted as follows: 1. Introduction of two holistic Peace and Conflict Studies approaches: a. The Conflict Management Approach by Glasl implies a number of categories and entry points (Ansatzmomente resulting in a complex intervention spectrum. In this regard, the consideration of escalation levels is highly important, integrating perception-oriented (low escalation, emotion-oriented (medium escalation and behaviour-oriented (high escalation measures. The spectrum may be combined with other categories such as conflict type (hot or cold or criteria of conflict analysis (issues, conflict trends etc.. b. The Conflict Transformation Approach by Galtung is characterised by a three-fold schematic, enabling a complex understanding of violence (direct, cultural, structural, conflict (behaviour, assumptions, contradictions and peace (non-violence, empathy, creativity. Moreover, Galtung’s model implies three conflict phases (before, during, after violence as well as five styles of

  14. Metatheoriebildung in der dialogischen Konfliktbearbeitung – ein konzeptioneller Vorschlag am Beispiel der Konflikttransformation nach Galtung und des Konfliktmanagements nach Glasl und des Integralen Ansatzes nach Wilber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim Fathi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Extended Abstract in English Given the increasingly complex nature of conflicts, a corresponding increase of new methods can be observed in Peace and Conflict Studies. At this juncture, metatheories aimed at integrating this labyrinth of diverse methods is becoming necessary. This paper will draft a conceptual proposal, discussing two well-known holistic approaches of mediative conflict management in an integrative context:- The Conflict Management Approach by Prof. Dr. Friedrich Glasl (2004.- The Conflict Transformation Approach (The Transcend Method by Prof. Dr. Johan Galtung (2000. The theoretical assumptions of this paper are based on the integral approach by Ken Wilber (2001 – a highly discussed “Theory of Everything“ that has thus far remained widely ignored in Peace and Conflict Studies, yet. Therefore, it is also of interest to scrutinise the integral approach with regard to its contribution for an integrated Peace and Conflict Studies. The analysis was conducted as follows: 1. Introduction of two holistic Peace and Conflict Studies approaches: a. The Conflict Management Approach by Glasl implies a number of categories and entry points (Ansatzmomente resulting in a complex intervention spectrum. In this regard, the consideration of escalation levels is highly important, integrating perception-oriented (low escalation, emotion-oriented (medium escalation and behaviour-oriented (high escalation measures. The spectrum may be combined with other categories such as conflict type (hot or cold or criteria of conflict analysis (issues, conflict trends etc.. b. The Conflict Transformation Approach by Galtung is characterised by a three-fold schematic, enabling a complex understanding of violence (direct, cultural, structural, conflict (behaviour, assumptions, contradictions and peace (non-violence, empathy, creativity. Moreover, Galtung’s model implies three conflict phases (before, during, after violence as well as five styles of

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2003-10-01

    , 2002, 221 pp. -Michael Laffan, Rudolf Mrázek, Engineers of happy land; Technology and nationalism in a colony. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002, xvii + 311 pp. [Princeton studies in culture/power/history 15.] -Johan Meuleman, Michael Francis Laffan, Islamic nationhood and colonial Indonesia; The umma below the winds. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003, xvi + 294 pp. [SOAS/RoutledgeCurzon studies on the Middle East 1.] -Rudolf Mrázek, Heidi Dahles, Tourism, heritage and national culture in Java; Dilemmas of a local community. Leiden: International Institute for Asian studies/Curzon, 2001, xvii + 257 pp. -Anke Niehof, Kathleen M. Adams ,Home and hegemony; Domestic service and identity politics in South and Southeast Asia. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000, 307 pp., Sara Dickey (eds -Robert van Niel, H.W. van den Doel, Afscheid van Indië; De val van het Nederlandse imperium in Azië. Amsterdam: Prometheus, 2001, 475 pp. -Anton Ploeg, Bruce M. Knauft, Exchanging the past; A rainforest world of before and after. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002, x + 303 pp. -Harry A. Poeze, Nicolaas George Bernhard Gouka, De petitie-Soetardjo; Een Hollandse misser in Indië? (1936-1938. Amsterdam: Rozenberg, 303 pp. -Harry A. Poeze, Jaap Harskamp (compiler, The Indonesian question; The Dutch/Western response to the struggle for independence in Indonesia 1945-1950; an annotated catalogue of primary materials held in the British Library. London; The British Library, 2001, xx + 210 pp. -Elisabeth Schröder-Butterfill, Jan Breman ,Good times and bad times in rural Java; Case study of socio-economic dynamics in two villages towards the end of the twentieth century. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2002, xii + 330 pp. [Verhandelingen 195.], Gunawan Wiradi (eds -Mariëtte van Selm, L.P. van Putten, Ambitie en onvermogen; Gouverneurs-generaal van Nederlands-Indië 1610-1796. Rotterdam: ILCO-productions, 2002, 192 pp. -Heather Sutherland, William Cummings, Making blood white

  16. "Physics and Life" - Teachers Meet Scientists at Major EIROforum Event [

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-11-01

    (EPS) and the European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE) . The project is funded in part by the European Commission and takes place under the auspices of the European Science and Technology Week 2003. It is directed by the EIROforum Working Group on Outreach that brings together key members of the seven organisations' respective outreach departments. The "Physics on Stage 3" festival will be opened on Monday, November 10, by His Royal Highness, Prince Johan Friso of the Netherlands. Among the distinguished guests will also be Her Excellency, Mrs. Maria van der Hoeven, the Dutch Minister of Education, Culture and Science, as well as several Directors-General of the EIROforum organisations. This "Physics on Stage 3" festival is the most visible event within a year-long programme with the very active involvement of National Committees in two dozen European countries, each of which organised national events or competitions, during which the 400 delegates to the festival were selected for their outstanding projects to promote science teaching. Among the many entries, for example, two young physicists from Germany focus on the beauty of physical phenomena, producing fractals and demonstrating the "Theremin", the only musical instrument played without being touched. In another demonstration, a team from the UK explore the nature of sound and the theme of genetics through drama, music and physical theatre. In this third international festival of physics education, biological and biochemical themes will also play a major role. As usual, the colourful centrepiece of the week is the Fair. Every country has its own stand where delegates show their new, exciting and surprising projects, innovative software, elegant experiments, etc. In this highly inspiring atmosphere, the teachers exchange practical experience and insights, learning from each other and preparing themselves to bring back to their respective countries a rich harvest of new ideas and inspiration for better

  17. GUIDELINES FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF SYNCOPE (2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Moya

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Внешние эксперты: Haruhiko Abe (Япония, David G. Benditt (США, Wyatt W. Decker (США, Blair P. Grubb (США, Horacio Kaufmann9 (США, Carlos Morillo (Канада, Brian Olshansky (США, Steve W. Parry (Великобритания, Robert Sheldon (Канада, Win K. Shen (СШАЧлены Комитета Европейского общества кардиологов по практическим рекомендациям (ESC Committee for Practice Guidelines: CPG: Alec Vahanian (Председатель (Франция, Angelo Auricchio (Швейцария,Jeroen Bax (Нидерланды, Claudio Ceconi (Италия, Veronica Dean (Франция, Gerasimos Filippatos (Греция, Christian Funck-Brentano (Франция, Richard Hobbs (Великобритания, Peter Kearney (Ирландия, Theresa McDonagh (Великобритания, Keith McGregor (Франция, Bogdan A. Popescu (Румыния, Zeljko Reiner (Хорватия, Udo Sechtem (Германия, Per Anton Sirnes (Норвегия, Michal Tendera (Польша, Panos Vardas (Греция, Petr Widimsky (ЧехияРецензенты: Angelo Auricchio (Координатор от CPG (Швейцария, Esmeray Acarturk (Турция, Felicita Andreotti (Италия, Riccardo Asteggiano (Италия, Urs Bauersfeld (Швейцария, Abdelouahab Bellou4 (Франция, Athanase Benetos6 (Франция, Johan Brandt (Швеция, Mina K. Chung3 (США, Pietro Cortelli 8 (Италия, Antoine Da Costa (Франция, Fabrice Extramiana (Франция, Jose´ Ferro7 (Португалия, Bulent Gorenek (Турция, Antti Hedman (Финляндия, Rafael Hirsch (Израиль, Gabriela Kaliska (Словакия, Rose Anne Kenny6 (Ирландия, Keld Per Kjeldsen (Дания, Rachel Lampert 3 (USA, Henning Mølgard (Denmark, Rain Paju (Эстония, Aras Puodziukynas (Литва, Antonio Raviele (

  18. Archimedes Brought to Light

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergmann, U.; /SLAC, SSRL

    2009-04-29

    Just over 100 years ago in the summer of 1906, a Danish scholar called Johan Ludvig Heiberg travelled to the famous Metochion library of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Constantinople. He had got wind of an intriguing medieval prayer book that had recently been found at the library, and which contained a series of Christian prayers written on parchment recycled from older books. But underneath the scrawlings of a 13th-century medieval monk, the battered manuscript also appeared to contain some strange Greek writing as well as mysterious drawings and mathematical symbols. When Heiberg saw the book, he soon realized that the hidden material in fact contained the thoughts of Archimedes of Syracuse (287-212 BC) - one of the greatest thinkers of the ancient world. It was in November 2003, while on my way to a conference in Germany, that I first realized that the technique might help to uncover the hidden writings in the Archimedes Palimpsest. I had been reading an article in the German magazine GEO about the manuscript and, having previously used X-rays to detect metals in biological systems, realized that XRF could help to detect iron and other common elements in the ink. I immediately e-mailed Abigail Quandt, a conservator at the Walters Art Museum, who was part of a team that had been put in charge of the Archimedes manuscript. I was delighted to find that the team, led by her colleague William Noel, was looking for new ways to study this ancient book. Indeed, it turned out that two other researchers - Gene Hall from Rutgers University and Bob Morton from the oil firm ConocoPhillips - had also suggested using XRF imaging. Another team member - Johns Hopkins University physicist Bill Christens-Barry - had already been thinking of using X-rays too. In March 2004 Hall and the team carried out the first tests on the Palimpsest using X-rays from a commercial generator. Although these tests were promising, the results confirmed my belief that synchrotron radiation

  19. Ethics, methods and diversity in the use of new media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yngve Nordkvelle

    2015-11-01

    that it was designed to address.Catarina Player-Koro and Martin Tallvid both work at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Their paper has the title: “Title One Laptop on Each Desk: Teaching Methods in Technology Rich Classrooms”. Their article takes its point of departure from the main findings from research in four upper secondary schools where one laptop is given each student and reports on a deeper analysis of four classrooms that are part of the empirical study. The theoretical and empirical analysis argues that technology plays a lesser part than the deeper structures of teaching, learning and education, and that change does not happen as easily as those enthusiastic about such initiatives often think.Rune Johan Krumsvik and Lise Øen Jones, both from the University of Bergen, Norway, presents the article called “Digital Learning Aids for Nynorsk Pupils in School: - A Politically Sensitive Area or a Question of a Deeper Scientific Understanding of Learning?“ The paper focuses on the bilingual situation in Norway. The Norwegian language situation is exceptional because the nation has two written standards, Bokmål (majority variety and Nynorsk (minority variety, and both the Education Act and the Norwegian Directorate of Education require that publishers provide parallel editions of all paper-based and digital learning aids for pupils. In spite of good intentions the reality is that the minority language, is much less provided for on digital platforms. The paper analyses the situation and argues that there is in deed time to think radically and new about the situation.Filitsa Dingyloudi and Jan-Willem Strijbos, both from Ludwig-Maximilians-UniversityMunich, present their paper called “Examining value creation in a community of learning practice: Methodological reflections on story-telling and story-reading”. They claim that despite the abundant research on communities in various shapes and settings, examination of what community members gained from

  20. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieuwke Wendelaar Bonga

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available - K. Alexander Adelaar, James T. Collins, Bibliografi dialek Melayu di pulau Sumatera. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, 1995, xliii + 201 pp. [Siri Monograf Bibliografi Sejarah Bahasa Melayu.] - K. Alexander Adelaar, James T. Collins, Bibliografi dialek Melayu di pulau Jawa, Bali dan Sri Lanka. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, 1995, xxxvii + 213 pp. [Siri Monograf Bibliografi Sejarah Bahasa Melayu.] - K. Alexander Adelaar, James T. Collins, Bibliografi dialek Melayu di Indonesia Timur. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, 1996, xxx + 103 pp. [Siri Monograf Bibliografi Sejarah Bahasa Melayu.] - K. Alexander Adelaar, James T. Collins, Bibliografi dialek Melayu di pulau Borneo. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, 1990, xxviii + 100 pp. [Siri Monograf Bibliografi Sejarah Bahasa Melayu.] - Freek L. Bakker, Samuel Wälty, Kintamani; Dorf, Land und Rituale; Entwicklung und institutioneller Wandel in einer Bergregion auf Bali. Münster: Lit Verlag, 1997, xii + 352 pp. - René van den Berg, Linda Barsel, The verb morphology of Mori, Sulawesi. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, 1994, x + 139 pp. [Pacific Linguistics Series B-111.] - Martin van Bruinessen, Darul Aqsha, Islam in Indonesia; A survey of events and developments from 1988 to March 1993. Jakarta: INIS, 1995, 535 pp., Dick van der Meij, Johan Hendrik Meuleman (eds. - Martin van Bruinessen, Niels Mulder, Inside Indonesian society; Cultural change in Java. Amsterdam: Pepin Press, 1996, 240 pp. [Previously published Bangkok, Duang Kamol, 1994.] - Matthew Isaac Cohen, Craig A, Lockard, Dance of life; Popular music and politics in Southeast Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 1998, xix + 390 pp. - Will Derks, Tenas Effendy, Bujang Tan Domang; Sastra lisan orang

  1. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2010-04-01

    Nio Liem, De rechtspositie der Chinezen in Nederlands-Indië 1848-1942; Wetgevingsbeleid tussen beginsel en belang. (Mary Somers Heidhues Zhou Daguan, A record of Cambodia: the land and its people. (Un Leang REVIEW ESSAY Longitudinal studies in Javanese performing arts Benjamin Brinner, Music in Central Java; Experiencing music, expressing culture. Barbara Hatley, Javanese performances on an Indonesian stage; Contesting culture, embracing change. Felicia Hughes-Freeland, Embodied communities; Dance traditions and change in Java. (Matthew Isaac Cohen REVIEW ESSAY Development and reform in Vietnam Stéphanie Balme and Mark Stephanie (eds, Vietnam’s new order; International perspectives on the state and reform in Vietnam. Sujian Guo, The political economy of Asian transition from communism. Ian Jeffries, Vietnam: a guide to economic and political developments. Pietro Masina, Vietnam’s development strategies. (Tran Quang Anh KORTE SIGNALERINGEN Ulbe Bosma, Indiëgangers; Verhalen van Nederlanders die naar Indië trokken. Clara Brinkgreve, Met Indië verbonden; Een verhaal van vier generaties 1849-1949. Jack Botermans en Heleen Tichler, Het vergeten Indië; Stille getuigen van het dagelijks leven in het Indië van toen. Robin te Slaa en Edwin Klijn, De NSB; Ontstaan en opkomst van de Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging, 1931-1935. Mark Loderichs, Margaret Leidelmeijer, Johan van Langen en Jan Kompagnie, Verhalen in Documenten; Over het afscheid van Indië, 1940-1950. Frederik Erens en Adrienne Zuiderweg, Linggadjati, brug naar de toekomst; Soetan Sjahrir als een van de grondleggers van het vrije Indonesië. Peter Schumacher, met medewerking van Gerard de Boer, De zaak Aernout; Hardnekkige mythes rond een Indische moord ontrafeld. Cas Oorthuys, Een staat in wording; Fotoreportage van Cas Oorthuys over het Indonesië van 1947. René Kok, Erik Somers en Louis Zweers, Koloniale oorlog 1945-1949; Van Indië tot Indonesië. H.F. Veenendaal

  2. Count Nouns - Mass Nouns, Neat Nouns - Mess Nouns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Landman

    2010-12-01

    University Press, Cambridge.Cheng, L., Doetjes, J. & Sybesma, R. 2008. ‘How universal is the Universal Grinder’. In: Linguistics in the Netherlands 2008, p. 50–62.Chierchia, G. 1998. ‘Plurality of mass nouns and the notion of semantic parameter’. In Susan Rothstein (ed. ‘Events and Grammar’, 52–103. Kluwer, Dordrecht.Chierchia, G. 2010. ‘Mass nouns, vagueness, and semantic variation’. In Synthese 174 (1.Doetjes, J. 1997. Quantifiers and Selection. Ph.D. thesis, University of Leiden.Hoeksema, J. 1983. ‘Plurality and conjunction’. In Alice ter Meulen (ed. ‘Studies in Modeltheoretic Semantics’, 63–83. Foris, Dordrecht.Krifka, M. 1989. ‘Nominal reference, temporal constitution and quantification in event semantics’. In Johan van Benthem Renate Bartsch & Peter van Emde Boas (eds. ‘Semantics and Contextual Expression’, 75–115. Foris, Dordrecht.Krifka, M. 2009. ‘Counting configurations’. In Arnt Riester and Torgrim Solstad (eds. Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 13.Landman, F. 1989. ‘Groups I & II’. Linguistics and Philosophy 12: 559–605, 723–744.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00627774Landman, F. 1991. Structures for Semantics. Kluwer, Dordrecht.Landman, F. 2000. Events and Plurality. Kluwer, Dordrecht.Lasersohn, P. 1988. A semantics for Groups and Events. Ph.D. thesis, University of Ohio, Columbus, Ohio.Li, X. P. 1983. On the Semantics of Classifiers in Chinese. Ph.D. thesis, University of Ohio, Columbus, Ohio.Link, G. 1983. ‘The logical analysis of plurals and mass terms: a lattice-theoretic approach’. In R. Bäuerle, U. Egli & A. von Stechow (eds. ‘Meaning, Use and the Interpretation of Language’, 303–323. de Gruyter, Berlin.Link, G. 1984. ‘Hydras. On the logic of relative constructions with multiple heads’. In F. Landman & F. Veltman (eds. ‘Varieties of Formal Semantics’, 245–257. Kluwer, Dordrecht.Lønning, J-T. 1987. ‘Mass terms and quantification’. Linguistics and Philosophy 10: 1–52.Pelletier, F. J

  3. Planet Formation in Action? - Astronomers may have found the first object clearing its path in the natal disc surrounding a young star

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    Using ESO's Very Large Telescope an international team of astronomers has been able to study the short-lived disc of material around a young star that is in the early stages of making a planetary system. For the first time a smaller companion could be detected that may be the cause of the large gap found in the disc. Future observations will determine whether this companion is a planet or a brown dwarf. Planets form from the discs of material around young stars, but the transition from dust disc to planetary system is rapid and few objects are caught during this phase [1]. One such object is T Chamaeleontis (T Cha), a faint star in the small southern constellation of Chamaeleon that is comparable to the Sun, but very near the beginning of its life [2]. T Cha lies about 350 light-years from the Earth and is only about seven million years old. Up to now no forming planets have been found in these transitional discs, although planets in more mature discs have been seen before (eso0842, heic0821). "Earlier studies had shown that T Cha was an excellent target for studying how planetary systems form," notes Johan Olofsson (Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, Germany), one of the lead authors of two papers in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics that describe the new work. "But this star is quite distant and the full power of the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) was needed to resolve very fine details and see what is going on in the dust disc." The astronomers first observed T Cha using the AMBER instrument and the VLT Interferometer (VLTI) [3]. They found that some of the disc material formed a narrow dusty ring only about 20 million kilometres from the star. Beyond this inner disc, they found a region devoid of dust with the outer part of the disc stretching out into regions beyond about 1.1 billion kilometres from the star. Nuria Huélamo (Centro de Astrobiología, ESAC, Spain), the lead author of the second paper takes up the story: "For us the

  4. Quantification and Negation in Event Semantics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Champollion

    2010-12-01

    Jager & Katrin Schulz (eds. ‘Logic, Language and Meaning’, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6042, 274–283. Springer Berlin / Heidelberg.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14287-1_28Giannakidou, Anastasia. 2002. ‘UNTIL, aspect and negation: A novel argument for two untils’. In ‘Semantics and linguistic theory (SALT’, vol. 12, 84–103.Groenendijk, Jeroen & Stokhof, Martin. 1990. ‘Dynamic Montague grammar’. In Lászlo Kálman & Lászlo Polos (eds. ‘Papers from the Second Symposium on Logic and Language’, Budapest, Hungary: Akadémiai Kiadó.Heim, Irene & Kratzer, Angelika. 1998. Semantics in Generative Grammar. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.Hendriks, Herman. 1993. Studied flexibility. Ph.D. thesis, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.Jacobson, Pauline. 1999. ‘Towards a variable-free semantics’. Linguistics and Philosophy 117–184.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005464228727Krifka, Manfred. 1989. ‘Nominal reference, temporal constitution and quantification in event semantics’. In Renate Bartsch, Johan van Benthem & P. van Emde Boas (eds. ‘Semantics and contextual expression’, 75–115. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Foris.Krifka, Manfred. 1998. ‘The origins of telicity’. In Susan Rothstein (ed. ‘Events and grammar’, 197–235. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.Krifka, Manfred. 1999. ‘At Least Some Determiners Aren’t Determiners’. In K. Turner (ed. ‘The Semantics/Pragmatics Interface from Different Points of View’, 257–291. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.Landman, Fred. 1996. ‘Plurality’. In Shalom Lappin (ed. ‘Handbook of Contemporary Semantics’, 425–457. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.Landman, Fred. 2000. Events and plurality: The Jerusalem lectures. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.May, Robert. 1985. Logical form: Its structure and derivation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Parsons, Terence. 1990. Events in the semantics of English. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Partee, Barbara H. 1973. ‘Some structural

  5. PREFACE: The IARU International Scientific Congress on Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions (10-12 March, Copenhagen, Denmark)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    revitalization of ecosystem services Key Message 6: Meeting the Challenge To achieve the societal transformation required to meet the climate change challenge, we must overcome a number of significant constraints and seize critical opportunities These include reducing inertia in social and economic systems; building on a growing public desire for governments to act on climate change; removing implicit and explicit subsidies; reducing the influence of vested interests that increase emissions and reduce resilience; enabling the shifts from ineffective governance and weak institutions to innovative leadership in government, the private sector and civil society; and engaging society in the transition to norms and practices that foster sustainability The editors of the volume are all the session chairs: Professor Agus Sari Dr Aled Jones Science Manager Anders Viksø-Nielsen Dr Andreas Barkman Professor Anette Reenberg Professor Ann Henderson-Sellers Professor Anthony J McMichael Dr Anthony Patt Dr Bette Otto-Bliesner Dr Cameron Hepburn Dr Carlos Nobre Dr Carol Turley Dr Chris Hope Professor Chris Turney Professor Claus Felby Professor Coleen Vogel Professor Dale Jamieson Professor Daniel M Kammen Senior Scientist Detlef F Sprinz Professor Diana Ürge-Vorsatz Professor Dorthe Dahl-Jensen PhD Fatima Denton Director Generel Frances Seymour Dr Frank Jotzo Professor Harold Mooney Director Henrik Bindslev Mr Jamie Pittock Professor Jacquie Burgess Dr James E Hansen Professor Jiahua Pan Dr Jill Jäger Professor Jim Skea Professor Johan Rockström Dr John Christensen Professor John Mitchell Professor John R Porter Professor Joyeeta Gupta Professor Jørgen E Olesen Professor Karen O'Brien Dr Kazuhiko Takeuchi Dr Katrine Krogh Andersen Professor Keith Paustian Professor Ken Caldeira Professor Kevin Anderson Dr Koko Warner Professor Konrad Steffen Professor Liping Zhou Professor Louise Fresco Professor Maria Carmen Lemos Professor Mark Ashton Dr Mark Stafford-Smith Dr Martin Claussen Dr Martin

  6. Editorial 32

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nylza Offir García Vera

    2011-12-01

    ón GINNOVA analiza tal impacto pedagógico. Finalmente, Ancízar Narváez da cuenta en su artículo de las diferencias entre la cultura escolar ?vista a partir del análisis de los modelospedagógicos? y la cultura mediática ?estudiada con base en los modelos comunicativos?.Incluimos también en esta edición dos reseñas: la primera elaborada por Rafael Ávila Penagos a partir del libro “La comprensión de lo social. Horizonte hermeneúticode las Ciencias Sociales”, del autor José Darío Herrera y publicado por el Centro Internacional de Desarrollo Humano, Cinde, en 2009. La segunda, una lectura que nos ofrece Camilo Jiménez Camargo del libro “El despertar de la palabra: escrituras en torno a derechos humanos, currículo y transformación social”, de los autores Manuel Prada, Dairo Sánchez y Johan Torres; publicado por el Centro de Investigaciones y Educación Popular, Cinep, en el 2008.Para cerrar, habrá que decir que la reflexión tal como nos lo señala Jesús Ibáñez, consiste en un viaje a través del lenguaje. Implica sumergirse en textos sedimentados en la memoria o tender puentes entre discursos incomunicados. Los textos hasta aquí esbozados,que no exponen otra cosa que el producto de la reflexión y del trabajo académico, consideramos, pueden o bien ayudar a tender puentes o bien erigirse desde la interrogación de lo existente, de lo dado, de lo supuesto en el seno mismo de ese discurso pedagógicooficial. ¿No es acaso ésta última una de las tareas primordiales de la Academia? Quizá sea necesario salir del discurso de la ciudad, a pesar de que nos habita y vivimos en ella.Nylza Offir García VeraEditora

  7. Úvodník 2008/III/1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Dlouhá

    2008-05-01

    řipomínkovým řízením. V rubrice Informace uvádíme dva příklady dobré praxe zařazené do tzv. EU Inventory of innovative good practice on education for sustainable development; pokud se zajímáte o ekonomii životního prostředí, všimněte si analytického pohledu na tři kurzy Aleše Lisy a Petra Šauera. Až nakonec se dostáváme k vlajkové lodi našeho časopisu – recenzovaným textům, které jsme pro vás do tohoto čísla připravili. Pavel Žďárský píše o Frommově interpretaci dvou cest člověka, které se manifestují buď v aktivním „biofilním“ postoji a orientaci ke světu, nebo opačné „cestě smrti“. Karol Herian uvažuje nad proměnami ekologického myšlení v souvislosti s vývojem systémových konceptů organického světa; hledá přístupy neredukující jeho složitost a specifika. Jan Činčera se věnuje dvěma protikladným přístupům environmentální výchovy; na základě svých teoretických úvah vyvozuje také závěry pro konkrétní vzdělávací strategie. Tento text těsně souvisí s nerecenzovaným (protože převzatým článkem Marie Öhman & Johan Öhman: Power in action... který se na rozpory ve vzdělávacích konceptech dívá zase z jiné strany. Jiří Nečas znovu klade otázku Opravdu chceme trvale udržitelný rozvoj? Můžeme ji číst s důrazem na jednotlivá slova (Chceme? Trvale? Udržitelný? Rozvoj?, ale má i další dimenzi (Chceme-li opravdu, tedy jak?. Odpovídá (běžným sice, ale nepříliš praktikovaným názorem, že rozvoj se nám děje tak trochu nezávisle na našem chtění; a je třeba se opřít o etické imperativy, abychom jej usměrnili. Článek navíc doplňuje velmi podrobná recenze Ivana Ryndy, kterou zahajuje dialog na dané téma. Měli byste dále vědět, že článek Kateřiny Jančaříkové z minulého čísla Žákovské portfolio – vhodná forma hodnocení environmentální výchovy (3/2007 byl úspěšně recenzován a je tedy přeřazen do

  8. A Glimpse of the Very Early Universal Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-05-01

    important ingredient in the cosmological models is the dark matter that is believed to contribute about 95% of the mass of the universe. The present confirmation of the predictions of the models therefore also indirectly confirms that it is the dark matter that controls the formation of structures in the universe. However, there is still a long way to go before it will be possible to make a more detailed comparison between observations and predictions, e.g., from PR Photo 19e/01 to PR Photo 19a/01 ! Asked about what they consider the most important consequence of their observations, the team responds: " We have shown that we now have an observational method with which we may study the cosmic web in the early universe, and the VLT is a great tool for such studies. The way forward is now pretty clear - we just have to find those faint and distant LEGOs and then do the spectral observations from which we may determine how they are distributed in space ". More information The research described in this press release is the subject of a scientific article by the team, "Detection of a redshift 3.04 filament" , to appear as a Letter to the Editor in the European journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. Notes [1] The team consists of Palle Møller , Johan Fynbo (both at ESO, Garching) and Bjarne Thomsen (Institute of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus, Denmark). [2] In astronomy, the redshift denotes the fraction by which the lines in the spectrum of an object are shifted towards longer wavelengths. The observed redshift of a distant hydrogen cloud or galaxy gives a direct estimate of the apparent recession velocity as caused by the universal expansion. Since the expansion rate increases with the distance, the velocity is itself a function (the Hubble relation) of the distance to the object. The higher the redshift of an object, the more distant it is and the longer is the look-back time, i.e. the earlier is the corresponding epoch. [3] See also ESO Press Release 13/99 and ESO Press Release 08

  9. SINFONI Opens with Upbeat Chords

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-08-01

    the development of SINFONI for nearly 7 years. Some of the members of the Commissioning Teams are depicted in PR Photos 24g/04 and 24h/04; in addition to the SPIFFI team members present on the second photo, Walter Bornemann, Reinhard Genzel, Hans Gemperlein, Stefan Huber have also been working on the reintegration/commissioning in Paranal. Notes [1] This press release is issued in coordination between ESO, the Max-Planck-Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) in Garching, Germany, and the Nederlandse Onderzoekschool Voor Astronomie in Leiden, The Netherlands. A German version is available at http://www.mpg.de/bilderBerichteDokumente/dokumentation/pressemitteilungen/2004/pressemitteilung20040824/index.html and a Dutch version at http://www.astronomy.nl/inhoud/pers/persberichten/30_08_04.html. [2] The SINFONI team consists of Roberto Abuter, Andrew Baker, Walter Bornemann, Ric Davies, Frank Eisenhauer (SPIFFI Principal Investigator), Hans Gemperlein, Reinhard Genzel (MPE Director), Andrea Gilbert, Armin Goldbrunner, Matthew Horrobin, Stefan Huber, Christof Iserlohe, Matthew Lehnert, Werner Lieb, Dieter Lutz, Nicole Nesvadba, Claudia Röhrle, Jürgen Schreiber, Linda Tacconi, Matthias Tecza, Niranjan Thatte, Harald Weisz (Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany), Anthony Brown, Paul van der Werf (NOVA, Leiden, The Netherlands), Eddy Elswijk, Johan Pragt, Jan Kragt, Gabby Kroes, Ton Schoenmaker, Rik ter Horst (ASTRON, Dwingeloo, The Netherlands), Henri Bonnet (SINFONI Project Manager), Roberto Castillo, Ralf Conzelmann, Romuald Damster, Bernard Delabre, Christophe Dupuy, Robert Donaldson, Christophe Dumas, Enrico Fedrigo, Gert Finger, Gordon Gillet, Norbert Hubin (Head of Adaptive Optics Dept.), Andreas Kaufer, Franz Koch, Johann Kolb, Andrea Modigliani, Guy Monnet (Head of Telescope Systems Division), Chris Lidman, Jochen Liske, Jean Louis Lizon, Markus Kissler-Patig (SINFONI Instrument Scientist), Jerome Paufique, Juha Reunanen