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Sample records for distal tracheoesophageal fistula

  1. Esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula and early ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Several recent reports showed that associated anomalies represent the main cause of postoperative mortality in infants born with esophageal atresia (EA) and/or tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). Our observations present additional causes of mortality to the above mentioned. The aim of this study is to identify ...

  2. Tracheoesophageal fistula associated with paracoccidioidomicosis

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    Antonio Carlos Nogueira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic fungal disease caused byParacoccidioides brasiliensis, agent geographically distributed to certainareas of Central and South America. The infection by P. brasiliensis hasbeen reported from north Mexico to south Argentina. Paracoccidioidomycosispresents similar clinical findings of many other diseases whatever in acute or chronic scenarios. Chronic pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis is frequentlymisdiagnosed as malignancy or tuberculosis. The authors present a caseof a 57 year-old man admitted to the hospital due to a chronic consumptivesyndrome. He underwent anti-tuberculous treatment with rifampin, isoniazid andpyrazinamide 1 year ago without resolution of the simptoms. During the clinicalinvestigation, pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis with tracheoesophagealfistula was diagnosed. The systemic infection was treated with deoxicolate Bamphotericin followed by sulfametoxazole and trimetoprin due to acute renalfunction impairment. The fistula was endoscopically treated; inittialy with theprotection of left main bronchus with a tracheal prosthesis followed by theesophageal fistula’s ostium clipping.

  3. H type tracheoesophageal fistula detected by radionuclide salivagram

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    Lee, Dong Yun; Kim, Kyung Mo; Kim, Jae Seung [Univ. of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    Congenital H type tracheoesophageal fistula is a rare anomaly in infants and the early diagnosis of this disorder is still a challenge to pediatricians due to scarcity, non specific symptoms and lack of a single diagnostic examination. We report the case of a 3 month old baby with choking and recurrent aspiration which finally turned out to be a tracheoesophageal fistula without esophageal atresia (H type)by radionuclide salivagram.

  4. Acute gastric volvulus in operated cases of tracheoesophageal fistula

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    Joshi Milind

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A report of two neonates of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula who had acute gastric volvulus in the postoperative period and required gastropexy after correction of the volvulus. Such postoperative complication has not been reported in the literature so far.

  5. Multiple anastomotic complications following repair of oesophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula: A report of two cases

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    Prashant Jain

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This report describes the clinical course and management of two children with multiple anastomotic complications following primary repair of oesophageal atresia (EA with distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF. These included anastomotic leak and stricture, oesophageal perforation during antegrade dilatation, and finally a recurrent fistula between the oesophagus and the tracheo-bronchial tree. Ultimately, after multiple operative interventions, a successful outcome was achieved in both patients with preservation of the native oesophagus. The anastomotic complications following primary repair of EA with TEF are discussed, with special reference to difficulties in the management of recurrent TEF.

  6. Tracheoesophageal Fistula due to a Damaged Tracheal Stent

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    Masahiro Kimura

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe the management of a tracheoesophageal fistula due to a damaged tracheal stent, which was first inserted to treat tracheal stenosis. A 29-year-old woman with a history of treated epilepsy had a seizure and suffered from smoke inhalation during a fire. Breathing difficulties appeared and gradually worsened; consultation was obtained two years afterward. After undergoing a thorough examination, the patient was diagnosed with tracheal strangulation. A noncovered, metallic stent was inserted. When the patient was 37 years old, she was admitted to our hospital for the treatment of a tracheoesophageal fistula. We diagnosed it as a tracheoesophageal fistula due to the collapse of the damaged tracheal stent toward the esophageal side, and we decided to perform a mediastinal tracheostomy. Granulation may be formed in the circumference of a stent that has been present for a prolonged period, and removal of the stent may become difficult. This case suggests that insertion of a noncovered, metallic stent is contraindicated for a benign disease.

  7. Double balloon esophageal catheter for diagnosis of tracheo-esophageal fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kiyan, Guersu; Dagli, Tolga E.; Tugtepe, Halil; Kodalli, Nihat

    2003-01-01

    Congenital H-type and recurrent tracheo-esophageal fistulas (TEF) are always difficult to diagnose. For a more accurate diagnosis we designed a new double balloon catheter, which is a modification of esophageal dilatation balloon. The catheter has two balloons to occlude the esophagus proximal and distal to the fistula. The fistula can be identified by passing of the contrast material to the tracheal tree, which was injected into the esophageal segment between the inflated balloons. To prove the efficiency of this catheter, a TEF was created surgically in a New Zealand rabbit. On the postoperative fourteenth day the catheter was tried and the fistula could be visualized easily by injecting the contrast material. We think this technique may be of use in the diagnosis of TEF in children. (orig.)

  8. Bronchoscopy and Fogarty Balloon Insertion of Distal Tracheo-Oesophageal Fistula for Oesophageal Atresia Repair With Video Illustration.

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    Rinkel, Rico; Van Poll, Daan; Sibarani-Ponsen, Renate; Sleeboom, Christien; Bakx, Roel

    2017-01-01

    During repair of esophageal atresia with distal tracheo-esophageal fistula, air leakage through the fistula during mechanical ventilation can cause respiratory demise. From February 2012 until November 2014, all patients with esophageal atresia and distal tracheo-esophageal fistula were subjected to preoperative tracheobronchoscopy. Relatively distal fistulas were cannulated with a Fogarty catheter and blocked by insufflation (video illustration). Relatively proximal distal fistulas were sealed by precise placement of a cuffed ventilation tube. Nine of 12 patients received Fogarty balloon placement. The fistula of the remaining 3 patients were sealed by careful tube placement. No complications related to tracheobronchoscopy or Fogarty placement were noted. All procedures were uneventful. Preoperative tracheobronchoscopy to evaluate the usefulness of Fogarty balloon insertion or correct tube placement for distal tracheo-esophageal fistula is a safe and easy to perform procedure that can avoid complications in type C esophageal atresia repair. © The Author(s) 2016.

  9. Treatment of large persistent tracheoesophageal peristomal fistulas using silicon rings.

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    Erdim, Ibrahim; Sirin, Ali Ahmet; Baykal, Bahadir; Oghan, Fatih; Guvey, Ali; Kayhan, Fatma Tulin

    Tracheoesophageal peristomal fistulae can often be solved by reducing the size of the fistula or replacing the prosthesis; however, even with conservative techniques, leakage around the fistula may continue in total laryngectomy patients. Also, several techniques have been developed to overcome this problem, including injections around the fistula, fistula closure with local flaps, myofascial flaps, or free flaps and fistula closure using a septal perforation silicon button. To present the results of the application of silicon ring expanding the voice prosthesis in patients with large and persistent peri-prosthetic fistula. A voice prosthesis was fitted to 42 patients after total laryngectomy. Leakage was detected around the prosthesis in 18 of these 42 patients. Four patients demonstrated improvement with conservative methods. Eight of 18 patients who couldn't be cured with conservative methods were treated by using primary suture closure and 4 patients were treated with local flaps. As silicon ring was applied as a primary treatment in the 2 remaining patients and also, applied to 2 patients who had recurrence after suture repair and to 2 patients who had recurrence after local flap implementation. Silicon rings were used in a total of 6 patients due to the secondary trachea-esophageal fistula. Patients were treated with provox-1 initially and later with provox-2. At the time of leakage around the fistula, 6 patients had provox-2. Fistulae were treated successfully in 6 patients, and effective speech of patients was preserved. Patients experienced no adaptation problem. Prosthesis changing time was not different between silicon rings expanded and normal prosthesis applied patients. Silicon ring combined voice prosthesis was used 26 times; there was no recurrence in fistula complication during 29±6 months follow up. Silicon rings for modified expanded voice prosthesis seems to be an effective treatment for persistent peri-prosthetic leakage, for both, fistula

  10. Early presentation of postintubation tracheoesophageal fistula: Perioperative anesthetic management

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    Depinder Kaur

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF in adults occurs as a result of trauma, malignancy, cuff-induced tracheal necrosis from prolonged mechanical ventilation, traumatic endotracheal intubation, foreign body ingestion, prolonged presence of rigid nasogastric tube, and surgical complication. Anesthetic management for repair of TEF is a challenge. Challenges include difficulties in oxygenation or ventilation resulting from placement of endotracheal tube in or above the fistula; large fistula defect causing loss of tidal volume with subsequent gastric dilatation, atelactasis, and maintenance of one lung ventilation. The most common cause of acquired nonmalignant TEF is postintubation fistula, which develops after prolonged intubation for ventilatory support. Acquired TEF, which occurs after prolonged intubation, usually develops after 12-200 days of mechanical ventilation, with a mean of 42 days. We present a rare case of TEF that developed after 7 days of intubation. It was a difficult case to be diagnosed as patient had a history of polytrauma, followed by emergency intubation and both these conditions can contribute to tracheobronchial injury.

  11. Expanding the BP1-BP2 15q11.2 Microdeletion Phenotype: Tracheoesophageal Fistula and Congenital Cataracts

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    D. Wong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The proximal q arm of chromosome 15 contains breakpoint regions BP1–BP5 with the classic deletion of BP1–BP3 best known to be associated with Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes. The region is approximately 500 kb and microdeletions within the BP1-BP2 region have been reported in patients with developmental delay, behavioral abnormalities, and motor apraxia as well as dysmorphic features including hypertelorism, cleft or narrow palate, ear abnormalities, and recurrent upper airway infections. We report two patients with unique, never-before-reported 15q11.2 BP1-2 microdeletion syndrome findings, one with proximal esophageal atresia and distal tracheoesophageal fistula (type C and one with congenital cataracts. Cataracts have been described in Prader-Willi syndrome but we could not find any description of cataracts in Angelman syndrome. Esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula have not been reported to our knowledge in either syndrome. A chance exists that both cases are sporadic birth defects; however, the findings of the concomitant microdeletion cannot be overlooked as a possible cause. Based on our review of the literature and the presentation of our patients, we recommend that esophageal atresia and distal tracheoesophageal fistula as well as congenital cataracts be included in the phenotypic spectrum of 15q11.2 BP1-2 microdeletion syndrome.

  12. Evaluation of developmental prognosis for esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula.

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    Nomura, Akiyoshi; Yamoto, Masaya; Fukumoto, Koji; Takahashi, Toshiaki; Ohyama, Kei; Sekioka, Akinori; Yamada, Yutaka; Urushihara, Naoto

    2017-10-01

    This study investigated risk factors for developmental disorders after the repair of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). The clinical charts of all infants with EA/TEF (gross type C) treated at our institution between 1993 and 2013 were analyzed. Patients with chromosomal aberrations were excluded. Forty-seven patients were divided into groups according to the presence (D) or absence (N) of developmental disorders. Patients were assessed with appropriate developmental examinations at age >3 years. Group D comprised 13 patients. The 34 patients in the group N had received a standard education. In groups D and N, gestational age was 36.5 versus 38.5 weeks, birth weight was 1808 versus 2662 g, and congenital cardiac anomalies occurred in 76.9 versus 23.5%. These differences reached significance. Operative data did not differ significantly. Overall complications occurred in 69.2 versus 29.4%, gastroesophageal reflux (GER) requiring fundoplication in 46.1 versus 8.8%, and oral ingestion difficulty in 61.5 versus 14.7%, which were significantly different. The frequencies of anastomotic leakage, anastomotic stricture, and recurrent fistula did not differ significantly. Gestation, birth weight, and cardiac anomalies could be risk factors for developmental disorders. Moreover, overall complications, GER, and oral ingestion may affect development.

  13. Congenital esophageal stenosis associated with esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula: clinical and radiologic features

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    Yoo, Hye Jin; Kim, Woo Sun; Cheon, Jung-Eun; Shin, Su-Mi; Kim, In-One; Yeon, Kyung Mo [Seoul National University College of Medicine and the Institute of Radiation Medicine, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Yoo, So-Young [Seoul National University College of Medicine and the Institute of Radiation Medicine, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea); Park, Kwi-Won; Jung, Sung-Eun [Seoul National University Children' s Hospital, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Seoul (Korea)

    2010-08-15

    Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) can be associated with esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). Because there are a variety of degrees of obstruction and symptoms of CES, it is frequently difficult to make a pre- and post-operative diagnosis of the distal CES associated with EA/TEF. To evaluate the clinical and radiologic features of congenital esophageal stenosis associated with esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula. We retrospectively reviewed postoperative esophagograms and medical records of 187 children (107 boys, 80 girls) who had primary repair of EA/TEF from 1992 to 2009 at our institution. We evaluated the incidence of CES, clinical findings, radiologic features and management of CES in these children. CES was diagnosed in 22 of 187 EA/TEF children (12%); one child had double CES lesions, for a total of 23 lesions. Ten of those 22 children (45%) had presented with significant symptoms of esophageal obstruction. The diagnosis of CES was delayed in 10 children (45%) until 1-10 years of age. On esophagogram, CES (n = 23) was located in the distal esophagus (n = 20, 87%) or mid-esophagus (n = 3, 13%). The degree of stenosis was severe (n = 6, 26%), moderate (n = 10, 43%), or mild (n = 7, 30%). Eight children, including two with unsuccessful esophageal balloon dilatation of CES, were treated surgically. Histologic examination revealed tracheobronchial remnant (n = 7) or fibromuscular hyperplasia (n = 1). One child with surgically treated CES developed achalasia at the age of 3 years 9 months. Esophagography after EA/TEF repair should be performed with a high index of suspicion for the presence of distal CES, because the diagnosis and adequate management of CES can often be delayed. (orig.)

  14. Absent upper blind Pouch in a case of tracheo-esophageal fistula

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    Man Mohan Harjai

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A common upper airway and digestive tract is a rare congenital anomaly that is usually fatal and its exact incidence is not known. It is a diagnostic challenge as it requires high index of suspicion. It should be considered in a neonate with respiratory distress in a non-vigorous baby requiring endotracheal intubation, which is difficult even in expert hand. We present a newborn with suspected tracheo-esophageal fistula that was diagnosed intraoperatively to have absent upper blind pouch of the esophagus and on autopsy found to have laryngeal atresia with absent vocal cords and a common aerodigestive tract continuing distally with trachea. The neonate was ventilated with endotracheal tube (ETT placement which in retrospect we came to know that it was in the esophagus. The neonate also had associated multiple congenital anomalies of VACTERL association. The importance of teamwork between neonatologist, pediatric surgeon, anesthesiologist, and radiologist is highlighted for diagnosis and management of such rare cases.

  15. Tracheoesophageal fistula without esophageal atresia: are pull-back tube esophagograms needed for diagnosis?

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    Laffan, E.E.; Daneman, A.; Kerrigan, D.; Manson, D.E. [Univ. of Toronto (Canada). Dept. of Diagnostic Imaging; Ein, S.H. [Univ. of Toronto (Canada). Div. of General Surgery

    2006-11-15

    A pull-back tube esophagogram (PBTE) is widely accepted in the literature as the radiological investigation of choice for the diagnosis of tracheoesophageal fistula without esophageal atresia. However, PBTE is rarely performed in our institution, as we have been successful in confirming the presence of such fistulae with a contrast material swallow (CS). We hypothesized that PBTE is not the radiological investigation of choice for the diagnosis of the fistula in this condition. We sought to determine what proportion of patients with tracheoesophageal fistula without esophageal atresia can be diagnosed promptly by a CS and what the indications are for a PBTE. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and radiological findings in patients with tracheoesophageal fistula without esophageal atresia to determine whether the fistula was diagnosed with a CS or PBTE. We identified 20 children (13 female and 7 male) with tracheoesophageal fistula without esophageal atresia. Their age at diagnosis ranged from 3 days to 168 months with a median of 9 days. The diagnosis was documented by CS in 12, PBTE in 7 and CT in 1. In three of the seven who had the fistula documented by PBTE, a previous CS had shown contrast material in the trachea, but no fistulous tract or aspiration was identified. We believe that CS should be the examination of choice in most patients suspected of having a tracheoesophageal fistula without esophageal atresia. A PBTE is indicated in patients who are intubated or are at significant risk of aspiration. Furthermore, a PBTE is also indicated in patients who are intubated or are at significant risk of aspiration. Furthermore, a PBTE is also indicated where contrast material is seen in the airway on CS and there is uncertainty whether this is due to aspiration or a fistula.

  16. Neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula.

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    Mawlana, Wegdan; Zamiara, Paul; Lane, Hilary; Marcon, Margaret; Lapidus-Krol, Eveline; Chiu, Priscilla Pl; Moore, Aideen M

    2018-01-31

    Esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) is a complex disorder, and most outcome data are confined to mortality and feeding-related morbidities. Our objective was to examine mortality, growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes in a large recent cohort of infants with EA/TEF. Single center study of EA/TEF infants referred from January 2000 to December 2015. Data collected included associated defects, neonatal morbidity and mortality and growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 12-36months. Multiple regression analysis was used to determine variables associated with adverse outcome. Of the 253 infants identified, 102 infants (40%) were preterm. Overall mortality was 8.3%, the majority from major cardiac malformations (p<0.001) Neurodevelopmental assessments (n=182) showed that 76% were within normal, while some delay was seen in 24%, most often in expressive and receptive language. Nine infants had hearing impairment and 5 had visual impairment. Gastrostomy tubes were required in 47 patients and 15% continued to have weight growth velocities less than the 10th centile. A number of specialist interventions were required, Speech/Language being frequent. Mortality in EA/TEF is primarily related to concomitant anomalies, especially cardiac. Multidisciplinary follow up is important for early identification and intervention for growth failure and developmental delay. Retrospective study LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  17. Unilateral pulmonary agenesis associated with oesophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula: A case report with prenatal diagnosis

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    Go Miyano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe herein a case of unilateral pulmonary agenesis (PA with oesophageal atresia (EA/tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF that was diagnosed prenatally and repaired by esophagoesophagostomy with stable postoperative course. The patient was born at 34 weeks gestation, after ultrasonography at 22 weeks gestation showed possible right-sided diaphragmatic eventration or PA and EA was subsequently suspected due to hydramnios. The initial X-ray showed mediastinal shift to the right, and coil up sign of the nasogastric tube, without intracardiac anomaly. Immediately after the diagnosis of EA/TEF and unilateral PA on day 0, the patient was intubated in the operating room, and a gastrostomy tube was placed. After pulmonary status stabilized, at 4 days old, EA/TEF was repaired through a thoracotomy in the right 4 th intercostal space. The right main bronchus was noted to continue into the distal oesophagus; this fistula was ligated and divided, and a single-layer esophagoesophagostomy was performed under mild tension with one vertebral gap. The neonate was maintained on mechanical ventilation and gradually weaned to extubation at 7 days old. The postoperative course was uneventful, with the exception of prolonged jaundice that emerged at 3 months old. Laparoscopic cholangiography at that time excluded biliary atresia, and jaundice resolved spontaneously. The patient has not shown any respiratory symptoms or feeding difficulties as of the 12-month follow-up.

  18. Closure of tracheoesophageal fistula with prefabricated revascularized bilaminar radial forearm free flap

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wreesmann, Volkert B.; Smeele, Ludi E.; Hilgers, Frans J. M.; Lohuis, Peter J. F. M.

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is a rare but serious complication associated with high mortality rates. Traditional management of TEF includes primary closure with or without interposition of regional tissue flaps but is associated with a significant recurrence risk, especially in case

  19. Successful airway management in a patient with tracheal stenosis and tracheoesophageal fistula: a case report.

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    Hamid Reza Davari

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A twenty-year-old girl was referred with tracheal stenosis (TS which was a consequence of prolonged intubation after head injury because of previous car accident. The patient was aphasic and had normal respiration. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy showed complete tracheal obstruction at second tracheal ring level. Distal trachea was normal through tracheostomy tube. Removal of the tracheostomy tube and blind reinsertion with a new one was complicated with hypoxia and respiratory distress. Fibrotic bronchoscopy revealed large tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF below tracheal obstruction. Reinsertion of the tracheostomy tube by fiber optic bronchoscope was successful. Multidetector CT scan was performed on the same day with confirmation of TS combined with TEF. Surgery was performed on the next day. No clinical evidence of TEF was found in back history. Inadequate evaluation of the whole length of the trachea during the first bronchoscopy was the reasons for missing TEF. TEF should be considered in patients with TS in spite of no typical symptom such as food aspiration or pulmonary infections.

  20. Pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma associated with repaired congenital tracheoesophageal fistula and esophageal atresia.

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    Esquibies, Americo E; Zambrano, Eduardo; Ziai, James; Kesebir, Deniz; Touloukian, Robert J; Egan, Marie E; Reyes-Múgica, Miguel; Bazzy-Asaad, Alia

    2010-02-01

    We report a 19-year-old man with pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) who had a history of vertebral, anal, cardiac, tracheal, esophageal, renal, and radial limb defects (VACTERL) association and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) + esophageal atresia (EA) repair as an infant. Children that undergo TEF + EA repair may have an increased risk for developing cancer as they reach adulthood. (c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  1. Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula: A rare and late presentation in adult patient

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    Waseem M Hajjar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital H-type tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF in adults is a rare presentation and can test the diagnostic acumen of a surgeon, endoscopist, and the radiologist. These undetected fistulas may present as chronic lung disease of unknown origin because repeated aspirations can lead to recurrent lung infections and bronchiectasis. Congenital TEFs should be considered in the diagnosis of infants and young adults with recurrent respiratory distress and/or infections. Here, we present the successful management of this rare case in an adult patient.

  2. Tracheal Penetration and Tracheoesophageal Fistula Caused by an Esophageal Self-Expanding Metallic Stent

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    Madan, Karan; Venuthurimilli, Arun; Ahuja, Vineet; Mohan, Anant; Guleria, Randeep

    2014-01-01

    Tracheal penetration of esophageal self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) with/without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) formation is a rare occurrence. We report the case of a 66-year-old female patient with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who had undergone palliative esophageal stenting on three occasions for recurrent esophageal stent obstruction. On evaluation of symptoms of breathing difficulty and aspiration following third esophageal stent placement, tracheal erosion and TEF formation due to the tracheal penetration by esophageal stent were diagnosed. The patient was successfully managed by covered tracheal SEMS placement under flexible bronchoscopy. PMID:25276461

  3. Tracheal Penetration and Tracheoesophageal Fistula Caused by an Esophageal Self-Expanding Metallic Stent

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    Karan Madan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tracheal penetration of esophageal self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS with/without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF formation is a rare occurrence. We report the case of a 66-year-old female patient with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who had undergone palliative esophageal stenting on three occasions for recurrent esophageal stent obstruction. On evaluation of symptoms of breathing difficulty and aspiration following third esophageal stent placement, tracheal erosion and TEF formation due to the tracheal penetration by esophageal stent were diagnosed. The patient was successfully managed by covered tracheal SEMS placement under flexible bronchoscopy.

  4. Surgical Outcomes in Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula: A Comparison between Primary and Delayed Repair

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    H Davari

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate outcomes of surgical repair of esophageal atresia (EA or tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF in newborns, with respect to incidence of death and other complications in early or late operations. Methods: Charts of all 80 infants with EA/TEF, operated in Alzahra hospital (A tertiary hospital of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences from 2002 to 2004 were reviewed. Patients were designed in two groups as, primary and delayed repair groups. Patients demographics, frequency of associated anomalies, and details of management and outcomes were studied. Results: There were 48 male and 32 female patients with a frequency of 28(35% preterm infant and mean birth weight of 2473±595 g. Overall survival rate was 71.2%. Mortality rate in delayed repair group was significantly higher than the other one (22.5% vs. 6.3% but with matching, according to full term/preterm proportion, the significant differences were failed. Female sex and being preterm were the most powerful predictors of death (nearly odds ratio=7 for both. Conclusion: in this study mortality and complications rates are higher in delayed repair than early one, although our data proposed that in absence of sever life threatening anomalies the most important factor for death is gestational age and female sex, and primary repair is opposed to it. Although mortality rate and complications are equal in two strategies, with matching cases for being preterm, but primary repair stays the better choice due to economic considerations. Keywords: tracheoesophageal fistula, esophageal atresia, delayed repair, primary repair, outcome

  5. A chronic traumatic tracheoesophageal fistula functioning as a respirator and a phonator simultaneously

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    Wan-Fu Su

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Acquired benign tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF is an infrequent complication of prolonged intubation or chest blunt injury. Controversy exists as to whether this should be repaired in a single-stage or in a two-stage procedure. To understand the advantage of one-stage surgery on this complicated injury, and vocalization after reconstruction, we will present a case that had a chronic traumatic TEF, compounded with total laryngotracheal obstruction and an existing unilateral vocal fixation. A 28-year-old female sustained a laryngotracheal injury in a car accident eight years ago and underwent a temporary laryngotracheal stent placement after reconstructive surgery, for one year, in another hospital. Relapsing aspiration pneumonia had developed since then. Video laryngoscopy revealed a mobile right vocal fold, a completely obstructed glottic lumen by granulomatous tissue, and a TEF. This chronic fistula functioned as a respirator without any assistance from the ventilator tube placement, as also a phonator, offering a socially acceptable voice simultaneously, as the larynges were totally obstructed by the scarring granulation tissue. This surrogate glottis enabled survival without a tracheostoma and challenged the justification of any further reconstruction in this patient. Eventually, TEF repair and reconstruction of the laryngotracheal airway were conducted in one stage. Subsequently, the insufficient glottis was corrected by medialized laryngoplasty, to complete the entire reconstruction work.

  6. Review of surgical and anesthetic management for esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula, unilateral pulmonary agenesis and dextrocardia.

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    Rentea, Rebecca M; Oyetunji, Tolulope A; Erkmann, John; Knowlton, Joshua Q; Hendrickson, Richard J

    2017-07-01

    Association of unilateral severe pulmonary atresia or agenesis and esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and dextrocardia is a rare and highly lethal combination. We report a case of a full-term female infant who had EA with TEF, right lung agenesis, and dextrocardia. Repair of the fistula took place on day of life 3. We describe anesthetic and surgical concerns of this patient's case which are keys to a good operative outcome as well as follow-up for the patient.

  7. Congenital H-type tracheoesophageal fistula: A multicenter review of outcomes in a rare disease.

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    Fallon, Sara C; Langer, Jacob C; St Peter, Shawn D; Tsao, KuoJen; Kellagher, Caroline M; Lal, Dave R; Whitehouse, Jill S; Diesen, Diana L; Rollins, Michael D; Pontarelli, Elizabeth; Malek, Marcus M; Iqbal, Corey W; Upperman, Jeffrey S; Leys, Charles M; Wulkan, Mark L; Hill, Sarah J; Blakely, Martin L; Kane, Timothy D; Wesson, David E

    2017-11-01

    To perform a multicenter review of outcomes in patients with H-type tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) in order to better understand the incidence and causes of post-operative complications. H-type TEF without esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare anomaly with a fundamentally different management algorithm than the more common types of EA/TEF. Outcomes after surgical treatment of H-type TEF are largely unknown, but many authoritative textbooks describe a high incidence of respiratory complications. A multicenter retrospective review of all H-type TEF patients treated at 14 tertiary children's hospital from 2002-2012 was performed. Data were systematically collected concerning associated anomalies, operative techniques, hospital course, and short and long-term outcomes. Descriptive analyses were performed. We identified 102 patients (median 9.5 per center, range 1-16) with H-type TEF. The overall survival was 97%. Most patients were repaired via the cervical approach (96%). The in-hospital complication rate, excluding vocal cord issues, was 16%; this included an 8% post-operative leak rate. Twenty-two percent failed initial extubation after repair. A total of 22% of the entire group had vocal cord abnormalities (paralysis or paresis) on laryngoscopy that were likely because of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. Nine percent required a tracheostomy. Only 3% had a recurrent fistula, all of which were treated with reoperation. There is a high rate of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury after H-type TEF repair. This underscores the need for meticulous surgical technique at the initial repair and suggests that early vocal cord evaluation should be performed for any post-operative respiratory difficulty. Routine evaluation of vocal cord function after H-type TEF repair should be considered. Level IV. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Respiratory Morbidity in Children with Repaired Congenital Esophageal Atresia with or without Tracheoesophageal Fistula

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    Patria, Maria Francesca; Ghislanzoni, Stefano; Macchini, Francesco; Lelii, Mara; Mori, Alessandro; Leva, Ernesto; Principi, Nicola

    2017-01-01

    Congenital esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (CEA ± TEF) is a relatively common malformation that occurs in 1 of 2500–4500 live births. Despite the refinement of surgical techniques, a considerable proportion of children experience short- and long-term respiratory complications, which can significantly affect their health through adulthood. This review focuses on the underlying mechanisms and clinical presentation of respiratory morbidity in children with repaired CEA ± TEF. The reasons for the short-term pulmonary impairments are multifactorial and related to the surgical complications, such as anastomotic leaks, stenosis, and recurrence of fistula. Long-term respiratory morbidity is grouped into four categories according to the body section or function mainly involved: upper respiratory tract, lower respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, and aspiration and dysphagia. The reasons for the persistence of respiratory morbidity to adulthood are not univocal. The malformation itself, the acquired damage after the surgical repair, various co-morbidities, and the recurrence of lower respiratory tract infections at an early age can contribute to pulmonary impairment. Nevertheless, other conditions, including smoking habits and, in particular, atopy can play a role in the recurrence of infections. In conclusion, our manuscript shows that most children born with CEA ± TEF survive into adulthood, but many comorbidities, mainly esophageal and respiratory issues, may persist. The pulmonary impairment involves many underlying mechanisms, which begin in the first years of life. Therefore, early detection and management of pulmonary morbidity may be important to prevent impairment in pulmonary function and serious long-term complications. To obtain a successful outcome, it is fundamental to ensure a standardized follow-up that must continue until adulthood. PMID:28953251

  9. Use of a double-channel endoscope for closure of a surgically failed chronic benign tracheoesophageal fistula using over-the-scope-clip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saumil K Shah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This case reports the use of a double-channel therapeutic gastroscope to permanently close a surgically failed chronic, benign tracheoesophageal fistula following endotracheal intubation in an elderly lady, using the over-the-scope-clip. Argon plasma coagulation seems essential in such smooth chronic fistulas to make the edges raw. A double-channel therapeutic gastroscope would be ideal for such cases, especially in larger fistulas.

  10. The evaluation of deglutition with videofluoroscopy after repair of esophageal atresia and/or tracheoesophageal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yalcin, Sule; Demir, Numan; Serel, Selen; Soyer, Tutku; Tanyel, F Cahit

    2015-11-01

    A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the functional disorders of deglutition with videofluoroscopy (VFS), in children operated for esophageal atresia (EA) and/or tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). Patients with the repair of EA-TEF were evaluated in respect to the type of malformation, operative procedure, postoperative complications, deglutitive and respiratory symptoms, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The dysphagia score, VFS findings of oral, pharyngeal and esophageal phases, and penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) score were recorded in the evaluation of the deglutitive functions. Thirty-two cases with a median age of 48months (2-120months), and male to female ratio of 14:18 were included in the study. Most of the cases had Gross type C anomaly (n=26, 81.3%), and the others were type A (n=3), D (n=2) and E (n=1). The incidence of associated anomalies was 71.8%. The patients underwent primary (n=26, 81.3%) or delayed (n=6, 18.7%) anastomosis. Postoperative complications including anastomotic stricture (n=12), leak (n=2) and recurrent fistula (n=2) were managed by dilatation, conservative approach and repair of the fistula, respectively. Recurrent pneumonia (n=13), cough with liquid intake (n=10) and food impaction (n=7) were recorded in the history. Management of GERD included medical (n=11) and surgical (n=7) treatment. The median dysphagia score was 3.5 (min: 0-max: 27). The oral phase of VFS was normal in most of the cases (n=29, 90.6%). Only three had mild or moderate impairment, and none had severe. The pharyngeal phase showed no impairment in 23 of the cases (71.8%), and severe impairment was observed only in 3 of all, for the parameters of hyolaryngeal elevation and airway closure. Opposite to the first two phases of the deglutition, the esophageal phase was normal in only 2 of the cases (6.3%). Among the other 30 cases with impairment, only two had mild, and the rest had moderate to severe problems. Esophageal backflow, motility and

  11. Structural airway abnormalities contribute to dysphagia in children with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baxter, Katherine J; Baxter, Lauren M; Landry, April M; Wulkan, Mark L; Bhatia, Amina M

    2018-01-31

    Long-term dysphagia occurs in up to 50% of repaired esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) patients. The underlying factors are unclear and may include stricture, esophageal dysmotility, or associated anomalies. Our purpose was to determine whether structural airway abnormalities (SAA) are associated with dysphagia in EA/TEF. We conducted a retrospective chart review of children who underwent EA/TEF repair in our hospital system from 2007 to 2016. Children with identified SAA (oropharyngeal abnormalities, laryngeal clefts, laryngomalacia, vocal cord paralysis, and tracheomalacia) were compared to those without airway abnormalities. Dysphagia outcomes were determined by the need for tube feeding and the modified pediatric Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) at 1 year. SAA was diagnosed in 55/145 (37.9%) patients with EA/TEF. Oropharyngeal aspiration was more common in children with SAA (58.3% vs. 36.4%, p=0.028). Children with SAA were more likely to require tube feeding both at discharge (79.6% vs. 48.3%, p<0.001) and at 1 year (52.7% vs. 13.6%, p<0.001) and had lower mean FOIS (4.18 vs. 6.21, p<0.001). In the logistic regression model adjusting for gestational age, long gap EA, and esophageal stricture, the presence of SAA remained a significant risk factor for dysphagia (OR 4.17 (95% CI 1.58-11.03)). SAA are common in children with EA/TEF and are associated with dysphagia, even after accounting for gestational age, esophageal gap and stricture. This study highlights the need for a multidisciplinary approach, including early laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy, in the evaluation of the EA/TEF child with dysphagia. Level II retrospective prognostic study. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  12. Esophageal Atresia with Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula Presenting Beyond 7 Days.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagdeve, Nilesh; Sukhdeve, Mohini; Thakre, Tushar; Morey, Suresh

    2017-01-01

    To describe our experience of neonates with esophageal atresia with tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA with TEF) who presented after a week. Retrospective study of the patients of EA with TEF who presented after a week. Department of Pediatric Surgery, Government Medical College Nagpur. Study Duration: Eight years. Demographic information, hematological, biochemical and radiological data were obtained from the patients' medical records. The gap between two ends of the esophagus, nature of upper pouch and lower esophagus were noted intra-operatively. Outcome in terms of mortality and surgical complications were noted. In operated group, babies who survived were compared with non-survivors with respect to various preoperative variables. Of 52 patients, 27 babies expired during initial stabilisation period before surgery. The causes of mortality were severe pneumonitis and septicemia. One baby had associated cyanotic heart disease. Twenty-five patients with mean age of 8.28±1.21 days underwent surgery. Nearly two-third of them were male. All of them were born at full-term with mean birth weight of 2.47±0. 12 kg. More than 80% were previously hospitalised and nearly 70% babies were given feeds before present hospitalization. Mean Downe's score for respiratory distress was 5.8±1.49. All patients were positive for septic profile. Associated congenital anomalies were present in ten patients. Intra-operatively, two ends of esophagus were either approximating or have short gap in 24 patients. All patients had well developed, thick and muscular upper oesophageal pouch. Lower esophagus at fistula was thin but dilated in 18 patients while thin and narrowed in 7 patients. However, esophageal anastomosis was possible with ease without any tension in all except one patient. There were 15 deaths in our study (13 due to pneumonitis and 2 during follow up due to aspiration). Three survivors required anti-reflux surgery. Comparison of preoperative variables of survivors and non

  13. Oesophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula and anal atresia in a patient with a de novo microduplication in 17q12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smigiel, Robert; Marcelis, Carlo; Patkowski, Dariusz; de Leeuw, Nicole; Bednarczyk, Damian; Barg, Ewa; Mascianica, Katarzyna; Maria Sasiadek, M; Brunner, Han

    2014-01-01

    Oesophageal atresia (OA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TOF) are foregut malformations with a heterogeneous etiology. OA/TOF may occur as an isolated anomaly or as part of a syndrome. Chromosomal anomalies have been reported in 6-10% of OA/TOF. Several genes have been implicated in cases of syndromic OA/TOF, but no single specific chromosomal and monogenic defect has been confirmed as a main etiological factor. We described a patient with a 1.4 Mb duplication at 17q12 detected by SNP-array study and validated using qRT-PCR, who presented with an oesophageal atresia accompanied with tracheoesophageal fistula and anal atresia as well as other symptoms resembling VATER association (thumb hypoplasia, sacral bone defect, cryptorchidism). Genomic rearrangements of chromosome 17q12 are associated with a variety of clinical phenotypes. Only few cases with OA patients with the duplication in 17q12 have been reported. The 17q12 region comprised 15 genes. We propose to consider a role for selected genes such as AATF (cell proliferation and apoptosis) and TADA2L (Wnt pathway) at the 17q12 region as well as developmental and transcriptional pathways represented by these genes, in the development of OA/TOF and VATER association. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  14. H-type tracheo-esophageal fistula in a very low birth weight infant: An unexpected and diagnostic challenge for neonatologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hemanth Parakh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tracheo-esophageal fistula (TEF without associated esophageal atresia or H-type fistula is a rare congenital anomaly. H-type fistula is usually missed in the neonatal period as the presenting symptoms are either of recurrent pneumonia or gastro-esophageal reflux which always lead to delay in diagnosis and infant undergoes unnecessary treatment. We report a case of H-type of TEF, diagnosed within 12 days of birth based upon choking and cyanosis on the first trial of spoon feeds. Diagnosis was confirmed with contrast esophagogram. The infant was operated for it and was successfully discharged.

  15. Endoscopic Stenting and Clipping for Anastomotic Stricture and Persistent Tracheoesophageal Fistula after Surgical Repair of Esophageal Atresia in an Infant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Amine Benatta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Anastomotic stricture (AS and recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF are two complications of surgical repair of esophageal atresia (EA. Therapeutic endoscopic modalities include stenting, tissue glue, and clipping for TEF and endoscopic balloon dilation bougienage and stenting for esophageal strictures. We report herein a two-month infant with both EA and TEF who benefited from a surgical repair for EA, at the third day of life. Two months later he experienced deglutition disorders and recurrent chest infections. The esophagogram showed an AS and a TEF confirmed with blue methylene test at bronchoscopy. A partially covered self-expanding metal type biliary was endoscopically placed. Ten weeks later the stent was removed. This allows for easy passage of the endoscope in the gastric cavity but a persistent recurrent fistula was noted. Instillation of contrast demonstrated a fully dilated stricture but with a persistent TEF. Then we proceeded to placement of several endoclips at the fistula site. The esophagogram confirmed the TEF was obliterated. At 12 months of follow-up, he was asymptomatic. Stenting was effective to alleviate the stricture but failed to treat the TEF. At our knowledge this is the second case of successful use of endoclips placement to obliterate recurrent TEF after surgical repair of EA in children.

  16. 5.9 Mb microdeletion in chromosome band 17q22-q23.2 associated with tracheo-esophageal fistula and conductive hearing loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puusepp, Helen; Zilina, Olga; Teek, Rita; Männik, Katrin; Parkel, Sven; Kruustük, Katrin; Kuuse, Kati; Kurg, Ants; Ounap, Katrin

    2009-01-01

    Only eight cases involving deletions of chromosome 17 in the region q22-q24 have been reported previously. We describe an additional case, a 7-year-old boy with profound mental retardation, severe microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, symphalangism, contractures of large joints, hyperopia, strabismus, bilateral conductive hearing loss, genital abnormality, psoriasis vulgaris and tracheo-esophageal fistula. Analysis with whole-genome SNP genotyping assay detected a 5.9 Mb deletion in chromosome band 17q22-q23.2 with breakpoints between 48,200,000-48,300,000 bp and 54,200,000-54,300,000 bp (according to NCBI 36). The aberration was confirmed by real-time quantitative PCR analysis. Haploinsufficiency of NOG gene has been implicated in the development of conductive hearing loss, skeletal anomalies including symphalangism, contractures of joints, and hyperopia in our patient and may also contribute to the development of tracheo-esophageal fistula and/or esophageal atresia.

  17. Quality of reporting of the literature on gastrointestinal reflux after repair of esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shawyer, Anna C; Pemberton, Julia; Kanters, David; Alnaqi, Amar A A; Flageole, Helene

    2015-07-01

    There is variation in the management of postoperative gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF). Well-reported literature is important for clinical decision-making. We assessed the quality of reporting (QOR) of postoperative GER management in EA-TEF. A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL, CENTRAL databases and gray literature was conducted. Included articles reported a primary diagnosis of EA-TEF, a secondary diagnosis of postoperative GER, and primary treatment of GER with antireflux medications. The QOR was assessed using the STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) checklist. Retrieval of 2910 articles resulted in 48 relevant articles (N=2592 patients) with an overall quality percentage score of 48%-95% (median=65%). The best reported items were "participants" and "outcome data" (93.8% each), "generalisability" (91.7%) and "background/rationale" (89.6%). Less than 20% of studies provided detailed "main results"; less than 5% of studies reported adequately on "bias" or "funding." Sample size calculation and study limitations were included in 17 (35.4%) and 16 (33.3%) studies respectively. Follow-up time was inconsistently reported. Although the overall QOR is moderate using STROBE, important areas are underreported. Inadequate methodological reporting may lead to inappropriate clinical decisions. Awareness of STROBE, emphasizing proper reporting is needed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome in co-occurrence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørsum-Meyer, Thomas; Herlin, Morten; Qvist, Niels

    2016-01-01

    Background: The vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome are rare conditions. We aimed to present two cases with the vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac...... defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser co-occurrence from our local surgical center and through a systematic literature search detect published cases. Furthermore, we aimed to collect existing knowledge...... in the embryopathogenesis and genetics in order to discuss a possible link between the vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome. Case presentation: Our first case was a white girl...

  19. A case of Scimitar syndrome with H-type tracheoesophageal fistula and multiple anomalies: Diagnosis using electrocardiography-gate chest CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Kyung Jae; Kang, Eun Ju; Lee, Ki Nam; Jo, Jeong Hyun [Dept. of Radiology, Dong-A University Hospital, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    Scimitar syndrome is a rare, combined abnormality of bronchopulmonary development and pulmonary vascular development characterized by an anomalous pulmonary venous return to the inferior vena cava. Although the scimitar syndrome has been associated with many anomalies, a tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), especially from H-type, is extremely rare and only a few cases have been reported without detailed descriptions. Herein we report a rare case of scimitar syndrome with H-type TEF and multiple anomalies in a newborn infant, with a special emphasis on the imaging features associated with the radiologic diagnosis using an electrocardiography-gated computed tomography.

  20. Determinants of gap length in esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula and the impact of gap length on outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muffazzal Rassiwala

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study was aimed at identifying factors which may affect the gap length in cases of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF and whether gap length plays any role in determining the outcome. Materials and Methods: All consecutive cases of EA-TEF were included and different patient parameters were recorded. Plain radiographs with a nasogastric tube in the upper esophagus were taken. Patients were grouped into T1-T2; T2-T3; T3-T4; and T4 depending on the thoracic vertebral level of the arrest of the tube. During surgery, the gap length between the pouches was measured using a Vernier caliper and the patients were grouped into A, B, and C (gap length >2.1 cm; >1-≤2 cm and ≤1 cm. The operative gap groups were compared with the radiography groups and the other recorded parameters. Results: Total numbers of cases were 69. Birth weight was found to be significantly lower in Group A (mean = 2.14 kg as compared to Group B (mean = 2.38 kg and Group C patients (mean = 2.49 kg (P = 0.016. The radiographic groups compared favorably with the intraoperative gap length groups (P < 0.001. The need for postoperative ventilation (70.83% in Group A vs. 36.84% in Group C, P = 0.032 and mortality (62.5%, 26.9% and 15.8% in Group A, B, and C, respectively, P = 0.003 co-related significantly with the gap length. Conclusion: Birth weight had a direct reciprocal relationship with the gap length. Radiographic assessment correlated with intraoperative gap length. Higher gap length was associated with increased need for postoperative ventilation and poor outcome.

  1. Pre- and post-operative visualization of neonatal esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula via magnetic resonance imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nara S. Higano

    2018-02-01

    We report three cases of Type-C EA/TEF in neonates. Patients were imaged prior to surgical repair using high-resolution ultrashort echo time (UTE magnetic resonance imaging (MRI to visualize tracheoesophageal anatomy and allow for informed surgical planning and risk management. One of the three patients was imaged post-repair to evaluate surgical efficacy and evolution of the tracheoesophageal anatomy.

  2. VACTERL (vertebral defects, anal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia, cardiac defects, renal and limb anomalies) association: disease spectrum in 25 patients ascertained for their upper limb involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carli, Diana; Garagnani, Lorenzo; Lando, Mario; Fairplay, Tracy; Bernasconi, Sergio; Landi, Antonio; Percesepe, Antonio

    2014-03-01

    To review the clinical characteristics in a series of 25 patients with VACTERL (vertebral defects, anal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia, cardiac defects, renal and limb anomalies) association who were ascertained for upper limb involvement. The study involved a review of clinical and radiologic data from patients with VACTERL association collected by a hand surgery clinic between 2004 and 2013. Radial axis involvement was found in all 25 patients (100%), with severe thumb function impairment in 79% and complete absence of the radius in roughly 33%. Costovertebral anomalies were the most frequent feature, found in 23 patients (92%). All 3 core features (anal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia, and costovertebral anomalies) were present in only 12% of the patients. Twelve patients (48%) had abnormalities not part of the VACTERL spectrum, showing a specific pattern of non-VACTERL-type malformations, including genitourinary abnormalities (12%), single umbilical artery (8%), and tethered cord (8%). Previously unreported clinical findings were concurrent hypoplasia of both the odontoid process and the coccyx in 2 patients and an isolated sacral dimple in 2 patients. Upper limb involvement in VACTERL association is a specific feature of the radial axis that occurs in monolateral form in approximately 75% of cases and, when bilateral, always occurs in a nonsymmetrical fashion. Odontoid and coccygeal hypoplasia and sacral dimple are newly reported malformations of the VACTERL phenotype. Copyright © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome in co-occurrence: two case reports and a review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjørsum-Meyer, Thomas; Herlin, Morten; Qvist, Niels; Petersen, Michael B

    2016-12-21

    The vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome are rare conditions. We aimed to present two cases with the vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser co-occurrence from our local surgical center and through a systematic literature search detect published cases. Furthermore, we aimed to collect existing knowledge in the embryopathogenesis and genetics in order to discuss a possible link between the vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome. Our first case was a white girl delivered by caesarean section at 37 weeks of gestation; our second case was a white girl born at a gestational age of 40 weeks. A co-occurrence of vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome was diagnosed in both cases. We performed a systematic literature search in PubMed ((VACTERL) OR (VATER)) AND ((MRKH) OR (Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser) OR (mullerian agenesis) OR (mullerian aplasia) OR (MURCS)) without limitations. A similar search was performed in Embase and the Cochrane library. We added two cases from our local center. All cases (n = 9) presented with anal atresia and renal defect. Vertebral defects were present in eight patients. Rectovestibular fistula was confirmed in seven patients. Along with the uterovaginal agenesis, fallopian tube aplasia appeared in five of nine cases and in two cases ovarian involvement also existed. The co-occurrence of the vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal

  4. Intra-Operative Amylase Concentration in Peri-Pancreatic Fluid Predicts Pancreatic Fistula After Distal Pancreatectomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nahm, C.B.; Reuver, P.R.; Hugh, T.J.; Pearson, A.; Gill, A.J.; Samra, J.S.; Mittal, A.

    2017-01-01

    Post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a potentially severe complication following distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of intra-operative amylase concentration (IOAC) in peri-pancreatic fluid after distal pancreatectomy for the diagnosis of POPF.

  5. VACTERL (vertebral anomalies, anal atresia or imperforate anus, cardiac anomalies, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal and limb defect) spectrum presenting with portal hypertension: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhurtel, Dilli Raj; Losa, Ignatius

    2010-05-05

    We report for the first time a unique case of VACTERL (vertebral anomalies, anal atresia or imperforate anus, cardiac anomalies, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal and limb defect) spectrum associated with portal hypertension. The occurrence of both VACTERL spectrum and extrahepatic portal hypertension in a patient has not been reported in the literature. We examined whether or not there was any association between extrahepatic portal hypertension and VACTERL spectrum. A two-and-half-year-old Caucasian girl with VACTERL spectrum presented with hematemesis and abdominal distension. She had caput medusae, ascites, splenomegaly, gastric and esophageal varices. Her liver function tests were within normal limits. Magnetic resonance imaging of the liver with contrast showed a thready portal vein with collateral vessels involving both right and left portal veins without intrahepatic duct dilation. A thready portal vein, with features of extrahepatic portal hypertension, is a rare non- VACTERL-type defect in patients with VACTERL spectrum. Understandably, clinicians should give low priority to looking for portal hypertension in VACTERL spectrum patients presenting with gastrointestinal bleeding. However before routinely looking for a thready portal vein and/or extrahepatic portal hypertension in asymptomatic VACTERL spectrum patients, we need further evidence to support this rare association.

  6. Modified distal revascularization with interval ligation procedure for steal syndrome after arteriovenous fistula creation for hemodialysis access

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Meer, Saskia; Zeebregts, Clark; Tielliu, Ignacc; Verhoeven, Eric; van den Dungen, Jan

    2007-01-01

    Patients diagnosed with steal syndrome after hemodialysis access surgery have a few options for symptom relief while maintaining vascular access. These include fistula lengthening, banding, distal revascularization with interval ligation (DRIL), revision using distal inflow (RUDI) or proximalization

  7. Sphincter of Oddi botulinum toxin injection to prevent pancreatic fistula after distal pancreatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackert, Thilo; Klaiber, Ulla; Hinz, Ulf; Kehayova, Tzveta; Probst, Pascal; Knebel, Phillip; Diener, Markus K; Schneider, Lutz; Strobel, Oliver; Michalski, Christoph W; Ulrich, Alexis; Sauer, Peter; Büchler, Markus W

    2017-05-01

    Postoperative pancreatic fistula represents the most important complication after distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a preoperative endoscopic injection of botulinum toxin into the sphincter of Oddi to prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (German Clinical Trials Register number: DRKS00007885). This was an investigator-initiated, prospective clinical phase I/II trial with an exploratory study design. We included patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic sphincter botulinum toxin injection (100 units of Botox). End points were the feasibility, safety, and postoperative outcomes, including postoperative pancreatic fistula within 30 days after distal pancreatectomy. Botulinum toxin patients were compared with a control collective of patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy without botulinum toxin injection by case-control matching in a 1:1 ratio. Between February 2015 and February 2016, 29 patients were included. All patients underwent successful sphincter of Oddi botulinum toxin injection within a median of 6 (range 0-10) days before operation. One patient had an asymptomatic, self-limiting (48 hours) increase in serum amylase and lipase after injection. Distal pancreatectomy was performed in 24/29 patients; 5 patients were not resectable. Of the patients receiving botulinum toxin, 7 (29%) had increased amylase levels in drainage fluid on postoperative day 3 (the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery definition of postoperative pancreatic fistula grade A) without symptoms or need for reintervention. Importantly, no clinically relevant fistulas (International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery grades B/C) were observed in botulinum toxin patients compared to 33% postoperative pancreatic fistula grade B/C in case-control patients (P pancreatectomy. The results of the present trial suggest its efficacy in the prevention of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula and are validated currently in the

  8. Esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula in a patient with 7q35-36.3 deletion including SHH gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busa, Tiffany; Panait, Nicoleta; Chaumoitre, Kathia; Philip, Nicole; Missirian, Chantal

    2016-10-01

    Terminal 7q deletion is rarely reported in the literature. Holoprosencephaly and sacral dysgenesis are found in association with this deletion, due to haploinsufficiency of SHH and HLBX9 genes respectively. We report on a 2-year-old boy with 7q35-36.3 deletion encompassing SHH identified by oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization. In addition to other frequent features, the patient presented with esophageal atresia and tracheoeosophageal fistula diagnosed at birth. This case, together with two others previously described, one presenting with esophageal atresia, the other with congenital esophageal stenosis, confirms the possible association between congenital esophageal malformations and 7q terminal deletion including SHH. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Combined Endoscopic-Radiological Rendezvous for Distal Tail Postoperative Pancreatic Fistula (POPF)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lucatelli, Pierleone, E-mail: pierleone.lucatelli@gmail.com; Sacconi, Beatrice, E-mail: beatrice.sacconi@fastwebnet.it [“Sapienza” University of Rome, Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncological and Anatomo-pathological Sciences, Vascular and Interventional Radiology Unit (Italy); Cereatti, Fabrizio, E-mail: fcereatti@yahoo.com [“Sapienza” University of Rome, Department of General Surgery Paride Stefanini, Interventional Endoscopy Unit (Italy); Argirò, Renato, E-mail: renato.argiro@gmail.com; Corona, Mario, E-mail: mario.corona68@gmail.com; Bezzi, Mario, E-mail: mario.bezzi@uniroma1.it; Fanelli, Fabrizio, E-mail: fabrizio.fanelli@uniroma1.it [“Sapienza” University of Rome, Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncological and Anatomo-pathological Sciences, Vascular and Interventional Radiology Unit (Italy); Fiocca, Fausto, E-mail: fausto.fiocca@uniroma1.it [“Sapienza” University of Rome, Department of General Surgery Paride Stefanini, Interventional Endoscopy Unit (Italy); Saba, Luca, E-mail: lucasabamd@gmail.com [Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria di Cagliari-Polo di Monserrato, Department of Radiology (Italy); Catalano, Carlo, E-mail: carlo.catalano@uniroma1.it [“Sapienza” University of Rome, Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncological and Anatomo-pathological Sciences, Vascular and Interventional Radiology Unit (Italy)

    2016-09-15

    Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) with leakage of pancreatic juice is a rare, severe complication following pancreatic resection or, less commonly, splenectomy. Definitive treatment can require multidisciplinary approaches. We report a case of stenosis of the main pancreatic duct with distal tail GRADE C POPF, occurred after splenectomy for Hodgkin lymphoma, successfully treated with combined radiological-endoscopic approach.

  10. Tracheo-esophageal fistula in children: a diagnosis to keep in mind. Two case reports and review of the literature = Fístula traqueoesofágica en niños: un diagnóstico para tener en cuenta. Reporte de dos casos y revisión de la literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lucía Morales Múnera

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The tracheo-esophageal fistula without esophageal atresia is a rare type esophageal malformation. It has a multifactorial etiology including environmental and genetic factors. Common clinical manifestations are coughing and choking after meals, cyanosis and/or recurrent pneumonia. Diagnosis requires a high clinical suspicion index. Fistula confirmation is done with imaging studies including upper digestive series, video-fluoroscopy or with the use of bronchoscopy wich allows direct visualization of the fistula or methylene blue passage through the abnormal communication. Fistula closure can be done endoscopically or surgically, in both cases with good results.

  11. Intra-Operative Amylase Concentration in Peri-Pancreatic Fluid Predicts Pancreatic Fistula After Distal Pancreatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahm, Christopher B; de Reuver, Philip R; Hugh, Thomas J; Pearson, Andrew; Gill, Anthony J; Samra, Jaswinder S; Mittal, Anubhav

    2017-06-01

    Post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a potentially severe complication following distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of intra-operative amylase concentration (IOAC) in peri-pancreatic fluid after distal pancreatectomy for the diagnosis of POPF. Consecutive patients who underwent a distal pancreatectomy between November 2014 and September 2016 were included in the analysis. IOAC was measured, followed by drain fluid analysis for amylase on post-operative days (PODs) 1, 3, and 5. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to evaluate the discriminative capacity of IOAC as a predictor of POPF. IOAC was measured after distal pancreatectomy in 26 patients. The IOAC correlated significantly with (i) PODs 1, 3, and 5 drain amylase (p  1000 experienced a post-operative complication (OR 18.3, 95% CI 2.51-103, p pancreatectomy.

  12. Clinical study for pancreatic fistula after distal pancreatectomy with mesh reinforcement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akira Hayashibe

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Summary: Background: The purpose of this cohort study was to determine whether distal pancreatectomy with mesh reinforcement can reduce postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF rates compared with bare stapler. Methods: In total, 51 patients underwent stapled distal pancreatectomy. Out of these, 22 patients (no mesh group underwent distal pancreatectomy with bare stapler and 29 patients (mesh group underwent distal pancreatectomy with mesh reinforced stapler. The risk factor for clinically relevant POPF (grades B and C after distal pancreatectomy was also evaluated. Results: Clinical characteristics were almost similar in both the groups. The days of the mean hospital stay and drainage tube insertion in the mesh group were significantly fewer than those in the no mesh group. The mean level of amylase in the discharge fluid in the mesh group was also significantly lower than that the in no mesh group. The rate of clinically relevant POPF (grades B and C in the mesh group was significantly lower than that in the no mesh group (p=0.016. Univariate analyses of risk factors for POPF (grades B and C revealed that only mesh reinforcement was associated with POPF (grades B and C. Moreover, on multivariate analyses of POPF risk factors with p value<0.2 in univariate analyses by logistic regression, mesh reinforcement was regarded as a significant factor for POPF(grades B and C. Conclusions: The distal pancreatectomy with mesh reinforced stapler was thought to be favorable for the prevention of clinically relevant POPF (grades B and C. Keywords: mesh reinforcement, pancreatic fistula, pancreatic surgery

  13. Splenic vein thrombosis and pancreatic fistula after minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, C M; Chung, Y E; Jung, M J; Hwang, H K; Choi, S H; Lee, W J

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the clinical relevance of splenic vein thrombosis (SVT) in the splenic vein remnant following minimally invasive distal pancreatosplenectomy (DPS). Medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic or robotic distal pancreatectomy (DP) with or without splenectomy between January 2006 and August 2012 were reviewed. Rates of SVT and clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) were compared in a group of patients undergoing DPS and a group having spleen-preserving DP. Seventy-nine patients had minimally invasive DP, of whom 38 (48 per cent) developed SVT in the splenic vein remnant. DPS was associated with POPF (P = 0.001) and SVT (P SVT length was closely related to the amount of peripancreatic fluid collection (P = 0.025) and POPF (P = 0.045). In a comparison of splenic vessel-sacrificing, spleen-preserving DP and DPS, postoperative platelet count was significantly higher in the DPS group (P SVT (P = 0.092) and POPF (P = 0.065) tended to be associated with DPS, suggesting that SVT may be related to both splenectomy and POPF. Minimally invasive DPS is associated with SVT and POPF. Preservation of the spleen should be considered when treating patients with benign and borderline malignant tumours of the distal pancreas. © 2013 BJS Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Incidence of Pancreatic Fistula after Distal Pancreatectomy and Efficacy of Endoscopic Therapy for Its Management: Results from a Tertiary Care Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savio C. Reddymasu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Pancreatic fistula is a known complication of distal pancreatectomy. Endotherapy with pancreatic duct stent placement and pancreatic sphincterotomy has been shown to be effective in its management; however, experience of endotherapy in the management of this complication has not been extensively reported from the United States. Preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP with pancreatic stent placement has also been proposed to prevent this complication after distal pancreatectomy. In our cohort of 59 patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy, 13 (22% developed a pancreatic fistula in the immediate postoperative period, of whom 8 (14% patients (5 female, mean age 52 years were referred for an ERCP because of ongoing symptoms related to the pancreatic fistula. The pancreatic fistula resolved in all patients after a median duration of 62 days from the index ERCP. The median number of ERCPs required to document resolution of the pancreatic fistula was 2. Although a sizeable percentage of patients develop a pancreatic fistula after distal pancreatectomy, only a small percentage of patients require ERCP for management of this complication. Given the high success rate of endotherapy in resolving pancreatic fistula and the fact that the majority of patients who undergo distal pancreatectomy never require an ERCP, performing ERCP for prophylactic pancreatic duct stent prior to distal pancreatectomy might not be necessary.

  15. CONGENITAL VESICOUTERINE FISTULA ALONG WITH DISTAL VAGINAL AGENESIS, SOLITARY KIDNEY AND TONGUE TIE: A RARITY

    OpenAIRE

    Khalid; Amit; Rana Pratap; Ahsan; Takallum

    2015-01-01

    : Congenital vesicouterine fistula in association with vaginal agenesis and solitary renal agenesis has been rarely reported. We present a case of 19 year old female suffering from cyclical menouria for last years. Physical examination revealed absence of vagina. IVP revealed left renal agenesis and CT scan revealed left renal agenesis with vesicouterine fistula. Cystoscopy showed vesicouterine fistula located above trigone near midline. Vesicouterine fistula was repaired along wi...

  16. Use of a Fibrinogen/Thrombin-Based Collagen Fleece (TachoComb, TachoSil) With a Stapled Closure to Prevent Pancreatic Fistula Formation Following Distal Pancreatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mita, Kazuhito; Ito, Hideto; Murabayashi, Ryo; Asakawa, Hideki; Nabetani, Masashi; Kamasako, Akira; Koizumi, Kazuya; Hayashi, Takashi

    2015-12-01

    Postoperative pancreatic fistula formation remains a source of significant morbidity following distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of clinically significant fistulas (International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula grade B and grade C) after distal pancreatectomy using a fibrinogen/thrombin-based collagen fleece (TachoComb, TachoSil) with a stapled closure. Seventy-five patients underwent distal pancreatectomy at our institution between January 2005 and March 2014. A fibrinogen/thrombin-based collagen fleece was applied to the staple line of the pancreas before stapling. Twenty-six patients (34.7%) developed a pancreatic fistula, 8 patients (10.7%) developed a grade B fistula, and no patients developed a grade C fistula. The duration of the drain was significantly different in patients with or without a pancreatic fistula (8.0 ± 4.5 vs. 5.4 ± 1.3 days, P = .0003). Histological analysis showed that there was a tight covering with the fibrinogen/thrombin-based collagen fleece. The fibrinogen/thrombin-based collagen fleece (TachoComb, TachoSil) with a stapled closure has low rates of fistula formation and provides a safe alternative to the conventional stapled technique in distal pancreatectomy. © The Author(s) 2015.

  17. Vascularized dorsal dartos flap to prevent fistula in tubularized incised plate urethroplasty for primary distal and mid shaft hypospadias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. K. M. Zahid Hossain

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to evaluate the importance of neourethral covering using vascularized dorsal flap for preventing fistula in Tabularized incised plate (TIP urethroplasty. The study included 52 children (aged 2-10 years who had hypospadias repaired including 44  with distal and 8  with mid shaft hypospadias. In all children, a standard tabularized incised plate urethroplasty was followed by reconstruction of new surrounding urethral tissue. A longitudinal dartos flap was harvested from excessive dorsal preputial and penile hypospadiac skin and transposed to ventral side by a buttonhole maneuver. It was sutured to the glans wings and the neomeatus and to the corpora covernosa over the neo-urethra. Thus the new urethra was completely covered with well-vascularzed subcutaneous tissue. At a mean follow-up of 18 months, the result was successful with no fistula or urethral stenosis, except 2 of the mid penile hypospadias. All patients had good functional and cosmetic results with straight penis and vertical slit shaped meatus at the tip of the penis. The 2 patients developed tiny fistula, which were closed spontaneously after meatal dilatation. In conclusion, urethral covering should be part of TIP urethroplasty. A dorsal well-vascularized dartos flap, button holed ventrally is a good choice for preventing fistula for distal and mid shaft hypospadias. 

  18. Effect of pre-firing compression on the prevention of pancreatic fistula in distal pancreatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirashita, Teijiro; Ohta, Masayuki; Yada, Kazuhiro; Tada, Kazuhiro; Saga, Kunihiro; Takayama, Hiroomi; Endo, Yuichi; Uchida, Hiroki; Iwashita, Yukio; Inomata, Masafumi

    2018-03-26

    Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a major complication of distal pancreatectomy (DP). Several procedures for resection and closure of the pancreas have been proposed; however, the rate of POPF remains high. The aims of this study were to investigate the relationship between perioperative factors and POPF and to clarify the advantages of pre-firing compression of the pancreas in the DP. From 2008 to 2016, records of 75 patients who underwent DP were retrospectively reviewed. The relationship between the perioperative factors and clinically relevant POPF was investigated. Univariate analysis showed that body mass index, thickness of the pancreas, and pre-firing compression were significantly related with clinically relevant POPF. Multivariate analysis showed that the pre-firing compression was an independent factor of clinically relevant POPF (OR = 44.31, 95%CI = 3.394-578.3, P = 0.004). Pre-firing compression of the pancreas can prevent clinically relevant POPF in DP. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Aspiration of tracheoesophageal prosthesis in a laryngectomized patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conte Sergio C

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The voice prosthesis inserted into a tracheoesophageal fistula has become the most widely used device for voice rehabilitation in patients with total laryngectomy. Case presentation We describe a case of tracheoesophageal prosthesis’ (TEP aspiration in a laryngectomized patient, with permanent tracheal stoma, that appeared during standard cleaning procedure, despite a programme of training for the safe management of patients with voice prosthesis. Conclusions The definitive diagnosis and treatment were performed by flexible bronchoscopy, that may be considered the procedure of choice in these cases, also on the basis of the literature.

  20. Esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula and early ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Résultat: Trente et un patients soit 30,7% étaient morts. On avait identifié deux groupes majeurs de la mortalité post opératoire. Le premier groupe comprend les causes possible de la mortalité évitable qui étaient le sepsis premaire (n = 10, 32, 3%), problème techniques (n = 8,25,8%) et pneumonie grave (n = 5, 16, 1%).

  1. Risk factors for postoperative pancreatic fistula after laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy using stapler closure technique from one single surgeon.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Xia

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP is a safe and reliable treatment for tumors in the body and tail of the pancreas. Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF is a common complication of pancreatic surgery. Despite improvement in mortality, the rate of POPF still remains high and unsolved. To identify risk factors for POPF after laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy, clinicopathological variables on 120 patients who underwent LDP with stapler closure were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify risk factors for POPF. The rate of overall and clinically significant POPF was 30.8% and13.3%, respectively. Higher BMI (≥25kg/m2 (p-value = 0.025 and longer operative time (p-value = 0.021 were associated with overall POPF but not clinically significant POPF. Soft parenchymal texture was significantly associated with both overall (p-value = 0.012 and clinically significant POPF (p-value = 0.000. In multivariable analyses, parenchymal texture (OR, 2.933, P-value = 0.011 and operative time (OR, 1.008, P-value = 0.022 were risk factors for overall POPF. Parenchymal texture was an independent predictive factor for clinically significant POPF (OR, 7.400, P-value = 0.001.

  2. Endovascular Exclusion of Aortobronchial Fistula and Distal Anastomotic Aneurysm after Extra-Anatomic Bypass for Aortic Coarctation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozzani, Antonio; Arici, Vittorio; Rodolico, Giuseppe; Brunetto, Massimo Borri; Argenteri, Angelo

    2017-02-01

    The treatment of choice for aortic coarctation in adults remains open surgical repair. Aortobronchial fistula is a rare but potentially fatal late sequela of surgical correction of isthmic aortic coarctation via the interposition of a graft. The endovascular treatment of aortobronchial fistula is still under discussion because of its high risk for infection, especially if the patient has a history of cardiovascular prosthetic implantation. Patients need close monitoring, most notably those with secondary aortobronchial fistula. We discuss the case of a 65-year-old man who presented with the combined conditions, and we briefly review the relevant medical literature.

  3. Endovascular Exclusion of Aortobronchial Fistula and Distal Anastomotic Aneurysm after Extra-Anatomic Bypass for Aortic Coarctation

    OpenAIRE

    Bozzani, Antonio; Arici, Vittorio; Rodolico, Giuseppe; Brunetto, Massimo Borri; Argenteri, Angelo

    2017-01-01

    The treatment of choice for aortic coarctation in adults remains open surgical repair. Aortobronchial fistula is a rare but potentially fatal late sequela of surgical correction of isthmic aortic coarctation via the interposition of a graft.

  4. Vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome in co-occurrence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørsum-Meyer, T.; Herlin, M.; Qvist, N.

    2016-01-01

    -Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome was diagnosed in both cases. We performed a systematic literature search in PubMed ((VACTERL) OR (VATER)) AND ((MRKH) OR (Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser) OR (mullerian agenesis) OR (mullerian aplasia) OR (MURCS)) without limitations. A similar search was performed in Embase and the Cochrane...... library. We added two cases from our local center. All cases (n = 9) presented with anal atresia and renal defect. Vertebral defects were present in eight patients. Rectovestibular fistula was confirmed in seven patients. Along with the uterovaginal agenesis, fallopian tube aplasia appeared in five...

  5. Autologous but not Fibrin Sealant Patches for Stump Coverage Reduce Clinically Relevant Pancreatic Fistula in Distal Pancreatectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weniger, Maximilian; D'Haese, Jan Goesta; Crispin, Alexander; Angele, Martin Kurt; Werner, Jens; Hartwig, Werner

    2016-11-01

    Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) causes significant morbidity and mortality after distal pancreatectomy. Patch coverage of the pancreatic stump is often used with the intention to prevent POPF. Despite numerous investigations, the effects of patch coverage remain unclear. The present meta-analysis aims to clarify the effects of patch coverage in distal pancreatectomy on the incidence of POPF. A systematic search of MEDLINE/PubMed and the Cochrane Database according to the PRISMA Statement was performed. Subsequently a meta-analysis on rates and overall incidence of POPF and length of hospital stay was carried out. By applying the inverse variance weighting method, the combined effect size and 95 % confidence interval were calculated. Heterogeneity was assessed using I 2 statistics. Five randomized controlled trials and six observational clinical studies were included for final analysis. A cumulative incidence of 43 % of POPF grades A-C was identified. Patch coverage in distal pancreatectomy is significantly associated with a decreased rate of POPF grade C (p = 0.006). Patches of autologous vascularized tissue significantly reduce the overall incidence of POPF (p = 0.04) and clinically relevant POPF grade B and C (p = 0.002). Fibrin sealant patches do not influence rates of POPF after distal pancreatectomy. None of the outcomes evaluated showed adverse results for the patch group. Patch coverage after distal pancreatectomy can reduce the rate of POPF. Patch coverage with autologous vascularized tissue but not fibrin sealant patches may be used to reduce clinically relevant POPF and postoperative morbidity in distal pancreatectomy.

  6. Combined oesophageal atresia with upper pouch fistula and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Upper pouch tracheoesophageal fistula occurs is less than 1% of all oesophageal atresia variants. Meconium peritonitis is a rare neonatal condition with an incidence of 1:30 000 live births. In this case report, we describe the presentation, clinical findings and management of a patient diagnosed with an oesophageal ...

  7. First thoracoscopic repair of tracheoesophageal fistula in the UAE: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    anomaly on the third day after delivery and informed consent was obtained from the parents. Surgical technique. The baby was intubated without single-lung ventilation and positioned in a .... each other was critical so as not to have any interlacing during the procedure. There were incidents of desatura- tion during the ...

  8. First thoracoscopic repair of tracheoesophageal fistula in the UAE: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    thoracoscopic repair of this anomaly is achievable. We report our first successful case of thoracoscopic repair of. EA/TEF. ... monopolar diathermy after it was completely separated from the underlying tissues. ... The baby was kept intubated with a muscle relaxant for. 3 days. Feeding was started on the second postoperative.

  9. Genetics Home Reference: esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... for This Page Achildi O, Grewal H. Congenital anomalies of the esophagus. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2007 Feb;40(1):219-44, viii. Review. Citation on PubMed Bednarczyk D, Sasiadek MM, Smigiel R. Chromosome aberrations and gene mutations in patients with esophageal ...

  10. Colovesical fistulas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krco, M.J.; Jacobs, S.C.; Malangoni, M.A.; Lawson, R.K.

    1984-01-01

    Colovesical fistulas were identified in 42 patients. Diverticulitis was the underlying cause in 40 per cent of the patients. Carcinoma of the colon or cervix caused 33 per cent of the fistulas. Cystoscopy was the most effective procedure in diagnosing the fistulas. Surgical therapy had to be individualized to the patient's condition. Fistulas secondary to radiation were associated with a high complication rate

  11. Rectovaginal Fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 2015. Browning A, et al. Characteristics, management, and outcomes of repair of rectovaginal fistula among 1100 consecutive cases of genital tract fistula in Ethiopia. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. Accessed Aug. 23, 2015. Schwartz DA, et al. ...

  12. Vesicovaginal Fistula

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user1

    incidence of vesicovaginal fistula among populations. Globally, over two million women are estimated to be living with vesicovaginal fistula and majority are in. Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.6 The reported incidence rates of vesicovaginal fistula in West Africa range between 1– 4 per 1,000 deliveries.7–9 An annual.

  13. Ureteroarterial Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. H. Kim

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Ureteral-iliac artery fistula (UIAF is a rare life threatening cause of hematuria. The increasing frequency is attributed to increasing use of ureteral stents. A 68-year-old female presented with gross hematuria. She had prior low anterior resection for rectal cancer and a retained ureteral stent. CT abdomen and pelvis showed a large recurrent pelvic mass and a retained stent. The patient underwent cystoscopy which showed a normal bladder. Upon removal of the stent, brisk bleeding was noted coming from the ureteral orifice. Antegrade pyelogram was done which revealed a UIAF. Angiography was done and a covered stent was placed. Multiple treatment options are available. All must consider management of the arterial and ureteral side. The arterial side may be addressed by primary open repair, embolization with extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction, or endovascular stenting. The ureter can be managed with nephroureterectomy, ureteral reconstruction, placement of a nephrostomy tube, or ureteral stenting. Being minimally invasive, we believe that endovascular stenting should be the preferred therapeutic option as it also corrects the source of bleeding while preserving distal blood flow.

  14. Pictorial essay: Distal colostography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahalkar Mukund

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Distal colostography (DC, also called distal colography or loopography, is an important step in the reparative management of anorectal malformations (ARMs with imperforate anus, Hirschsprung′s disease (occasionally and colonic atresia (rarely in children and obstructive disorders of the distal colon (colitis with stricture, carcinoma or complicated diverticulosis in adults. It serves to identify/confirm the type of ARM, presence/absence of fistulae, leakage from anastomoses, or patency of the distal colon. We present a pictorial essay of DC in a variety of cases.

  15. Rectovaginal Fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Vaginal discharge Rectovaginal fistula Symptoms & causes Diagnosis & treatment Advertisement Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. ... a Job Site Map About This Site Twitter Facebook Google YouTube Pinterest Mayo Clinic is a not- ...

  16. Vaginal agenesis and rectovestibular fistula. Experience utilizing distal ileum for the vaginal replacement in these patients, preserving the natural fecal reservoir.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De la Torre, Luis; Cogley, Kimberly; Calisto, Juan L; Santos, Karla; Ruiz, Alejandro; Zornoza, María

    2016-11-01

    The association of rectovestibular fistula (RVF) and vaginal agenesis (VA) presents a diagnostic and management challenge. The vaginal replacement is usually performed with rectum or sigmoid, which are the natural fecal reservoirs; thus, the fecal control could be affected. We present our experience utilizing ileum to preserve the rectum and sigmoid. We performed a retrospective study of eight patients with RVF and VA treated from May 2011 to June 2015 at two colorectal centers, at Pittsburgh and Mexico. We recorded the age at diagnosis of VA, treatment, presence of other associated malformations and outcome. Eight of forty-nine girls with RVF had an associated VA (16.3%). Three patients had a timely diagnosis and five a delayed diagnosis. Six patients were submitted to a vaginal replacement with ileum and achieved fecal control. Two are waiting for surgery. A high index of suspicion of vaginal agenesis helps in a timely diagnosis in girls with RVF. The use of ileum allows for preservation of the fecal reservoirs, thus optimizing the chance for fecal control in patients with anorectal malformations. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Non-VACTERL-type anomalies are frequent in patients with esophageal atresia/tracheo-esophageal fistula and full or partial VACTERL association

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, Elisabeth M.; Felix, Janine F.; Deurloo, Jacqueline A.; van Dooren, Marieke F.; Aronson, Daniel C.; Torfs, Claudine P.; Heij, Hugo A.; Tibboel, Dick

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The VACTERL association is the nonrandom co-occurrence of Vertebral anomalies, Anal atresia, Cardiovascular malformations, Tracheo-esophageal fistula (TEF) and/or Esophageal atresia (EA), Renal anomalies, and/or Limb-anomalies. The full phenotype of patients with EA/TEF and other

  18. Pharyngocutaneous fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mäkitie, Antti A; Irish, Jonathan; Gullane, Patrick J

    2003-04-01

    The occurrence of pharyngocutaneous fistula after oncologic head and neck surgery is a serious complication. It is the most common complication after major hypopharyngeal and laryngeal ablative surgery. The cause and management guidelines are still controversial. Contributing risk factors of impaired wound healing should be recognized in preoperative planning. Perioperative technical issues and preventive postoperative care play a major role in the prevention of fistulae, limiting the severity of the fistula and minimizing secondary complications. Surgical salvage of cancers treated with organ preservation approaches is associated with higher rates of postoperative complications, particularly in cases in which mucosal membranes are transgressed and surgically closed. Patients who require surgical repair are best treated by the use of regional myocutaneous flaps or free tissue transfers. This subset of patients is likely best treated in regional centers of excellence with well developed multidisciplinary programs for ablative and reconstructive head and neck surgery.

  19. Gastrointestinal fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to look in the stomach or small bowel Barium enema to look in the colon CT scan of the abdomen to look for fistulas between loops of the intestines or areas of infection Fistulogram, in which contrast dye is injected into the opening of the ...

  20. Physiology and prospects of bimanual tracheoesophageal brass instrument play

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hilgers, F. J. M.; Dirven, R.; Jacobi, I.; van den Brekel, M. W. M.

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated whether trachea pressures during brass instrument play of laryngectomised patients are within the range of those measured during tracheoesophageal voicing, and whether application of an automatic speaking valve can 'free' both hands to play a brass instrument. Objective

  1. Hemodynamic effects of closure of residual arteriovenous fistulae during in situ graft procedures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laustsen, Jesper; Nielsen, Henriette Svarre; Pedersen, Erik Morre

    2011-01-01

    lower limb ischemia were obtained. Direct measurements of proximal and distal blood pressures in the graft were taken and simultaneous determinations of volume blood flow proximally and distally in the graft with ultrasound transit time technique before and after closure of residual fistulae were made......The objective was to study the intraoperative hemodynamic effects of closure of residual arteriovenous fistulae during in situ saphenous vein graft procedures. Data on 60 residual arteriovenous fistulae in nine patients (five men) with a median age of 74 years (range 64-83 years) with critical....... Closure of a fistula with blood flow around or below 100 mL/min did not increase distal outflow, whereas closure of fistulae with higher blood flow resulted in unpredictable changes in distal outflow. Only fistulae with a blood flow above approximately 100 mL/min may be of hemodynamic significance....

  2. Tracheal stenting under flexible bronchoscopy for large tracheoesophageal malignant lymphadenopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayub, Irfan Ismail; Kannan, Kalaichelvi; Dhenesh, R; Thiagarajan, Anand

    2017-01-01

    A 67-year-old man with poorly controlled chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented with progressive dysphagia and was diagnosed with locally advanced carcinoma of the esophagus. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography staging showed mediastinal lymphadenopathy including a large lymph node in the tracheoesophageal groove with moderate tracheal compression. He was advised chemoradiotherapy but was reluctant to proceed with the same. He developed stridor 2 months later and repeat imaging showed increased size of the tracheoesophageal lymph node with critical airway narrowing. Since he was not fit for general anesthesia, he was subjected to tracheal stenting with self-expandable metal stent under flexible bronchoscopy. Following stent placement, there was relief of dyspnea, and stridor and the patient was discharged. PMID:28474657

  3. Endovascular Treatment of an Aortobronchial Fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Numan, Fueruezan; Arbatli, Harun; Yagan, Naci; Demirsoy, Ergun; Soenmez, Binguer

    2004-01-01

    A 67-year-old man operated on 8 years previously for type B aortic dissection presented with two episodes of massive hemoptysis. An aortobronchial fistula was suspected with spiral computed tomography angiography, and showed a small pseudoaneurysm corresponding to the distal anastomotic site. The patient underwent endovascular stent-graft implantation and is asymptomatic 8 months after the procedure

  4. Coronary artery fistulas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Subbotin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery fistulas are classified as abnormalities of termination and referred to as major congenital anomalies. Most coronary artery fistulas are small, unaccompanied by clinical symptoms, and diagnosed by echocardiography or coronarography performed for an unrelated cause. Such fistulas usually do not cause any complications and can spontaneously resolve. However, larger fistulas are usually >3 tones the size of a normal caliber of a coronary artery and may give rise to clinical symptoms in these cases. The clinical symptoms of coronary artery fistulas may mimic those of various heart diseases depending on which chamber a fistula drains into. Most fistulas are congenital. Congenital coronary artery fistulas may occur as an isolated malformation or be concurrent with other cardiac anomalies, more frequently with critical pulmonary stenosis or atresia with an intact interventricular septum and pulmonary stenoses, Fallot's tetralogy, aortic coarctation, and left heart hypoplasia. When choosing a treatment modality, one should take into account the number of fistula communications, the feeding vessel, localization of drainage, degree of myocardial damage, and hemodynamic relevance of the shunt caused by the presence of a fistula. The goal of treatment is to obliterate a fistula by preserving normal coronary blood flow. The risk for persisting fistula should be balanced with the potential risk of complications related to a procedure of coronarography and fistula occlusion. Percutaneous transcatheter coil occlusion of coronary artery fistulas is the modality of choice in children with the suitable anatomy of fistula communications and without concomitant congenital heart diseases.

  5. Esophageal Atresia with Tracheoesophageal Fistula: Ten Years of Experience in an Institute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Feng Yang

    2006-07-01

    Conclusion: The survival rate of the patients with EA/TEF is influenced mainly by associated life-threatening anomalies. TMS combined with a history of dying spell may be the major fatal complication.

  6. Congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula: Report of two rare cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayalaxmi Shripati Aihole

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Isolated congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistiula (CAUF is a rare anomaly. CAUF can be defined as a fistula of the penile urethra associated with a normal foreskin, in which urethral meatus and prepuce are intact. Additionally, it may be associated with other anomalies such as congenital hernias and anorectal malformations. Treatment of CAUF is individualized according to site of fistula, associated anomalies and condition of the distal urethra. We are reporting our experience of two cases that had abnormal openings on the ventral aspect of distal penis with normal foreskin without hypospadias and chordee.

  7. The impact of postoperative supraclavicular radiotherapy on tracheoesophageal groove lymph node metastasis in esophageal carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Qian Pudong; Lu Jinchen; Mei Zeru; Zhu Jun

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the prognostic factors of tracheoesophageal groove lymph node (TEGLN) metastasis in postoperative esophageal carcinoma. Methods: From January 1996 to December 1997, 101 postoperative cervical and thoracic esophageal carcinoma patients proved absence from tracheoesophageal groove lymph node (TEGIAN) metastasis before and after operation by physical examination and computer tomography examination were entered into this study. The patients were divided into three groups according to the treatment of supraclavicular region: no prophylactic radiotherapy (group A-, 30 patients); prophylactic radiotherapy with local dose < 45 Gy (Group B-, 71 patients); and prophylactic radiotherapy with local dose ≥45 Gy (Group C-, 19 patients). Radiotherapy was delivered by cobalt- 60 or 6 MV X-ray with the prescribed dose normalized to the point of tracheoesophageal groove, i. e, 5 cm in depth. The tracheoesophageal groove lymph node metastasis after treatment was observed. Results: The incidence of tracheoesophageal groove lymph node metastasis was 20% (6/30), 9.6% (5/71) and 0% (0/19) in groups A, B and C. Univariate analysis showed that there was significant difference of TEGLN metastasis between groups A and C only (P=0.039), but higher dose to supraclavicular region tended to lower the incidence of TEGLN metastasis. Multivariate analysis showed that only prophylactic radiotherapy to the supraclavicular region was independent prognostic factor for TEGLN metastasis (P=0.037). Gender, primary tumor site and pathological stage had no significant impact on TEGLN metastasis. Conclusions: Postoperative prophylactic supraclavicular region irradiation can lower the incidence of tracheoesophageal groove lymph node metastasis in esophageal carcinoma. Radiotherapy dose should not be less than 45 Gy and should be routinely normalized to a point 5 cm deep in the tracheoesophageal groove. (authors)

  8. The management of a coronary cameral fistula: lessons learnt

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-21

    Sep 21, 2011 ... evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy. A repeat angiogram and transthoracic echocardiography at the same hospital confirmed the diagnosis of large proximal and distal coronary artery fistulae from the circumflex artery draining into the right ventricle, left anterior descending artery (LAD) steal syndrome ...

  9. Vesicovaginal fistula in Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCurdie, Fiona Katherine; Moffatt, Joanne; Jones, Kevin

    2018-03-09

    Kitovu Hospital in Masaka, Uganda, is a leading obstetric fistula repair centre in the country with the highest rates of fistula in the world. In this retrospective case review, the regional incidence and causative factors were studied in patients with vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) who were admitted at Kitovu Hospital. Fistula history included severity (ICIQ score), causes and outcomes of VVF were measured. Women suffered with symptoms of VVF for an average of 4.97 years with an average ICIQ severity score of 7.21. Patients travelled an average distance of 153 km and the majority travelled by public transport. Rates of prolonged labour were high. 69% of fistula-causing delivery resulted in stillbirth and 12% resulted in early neonatal death. Following surgery, 94% of patients were dry on discharge. Impact statement What is already known on this subject? Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is a severe, life-changing injury. Although largely eradicated from the Western world thanks to modern obstetric practice, VVF is still highly prevalent in developing countries where factors such as young childbearing age and poor access to emergency obstetric care increase the incidence (Wall et al. 2005 ). At the current rate of fistula repair, it is estimated that it would take 400 years to treat those already suffering with fistula, providing that no new cases emerged (Browning and Patel 2004 ). What do the results of this study add? The Ugandan women in this study reiterate tales of foetal loss, social isolation and epic journeys in search of fistula repair, as previously described in the literature. The study offers some hope for prompt help-seeking during labour and after fistulas are developed. It demonstrates the success of fistula repairs at Kitovu Hospital but highlights the paucity of service provision across Uganda. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? Further epidemiological research is required to quantify the true

  10. Aerodynamic characteristics of the Nijdam voice prosthesis in relation to tracheo-esophageal wall thickness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenstra, Aalze; van den Hoogen, F. J. A.; Schutte, H.K.; Nijdam, HF; Manni, JJ; Verkerke, GJ

    Tracheo-esophageal speech using various pros theses is currently the most successful form of voice and speech rehabilitation for laryngectomees. Main inter-device differences are durability and trans-device pressure loss during speech. The valveless indwelling Nijdam voice prosthesis is a new voice

  11. Obstetric fistulas: a clinical review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creanga, A A; Genadry, R R

    2007-11-01

    A high proportion of genitourinary fistulas have an obstetric origin. Obstetric fistulas are caused by prolonged obstructed labor coupled with a lack of medical attention. While successful management with prolonged bladder drainage has occasionally been reported, mature fistulas require formal operative repair, and it is crucial that the first repair is done properly. The literature reports 3 approaches to fistula repair: vaginal, abdominal, and combined vaginal and abdominal. Many authors report high success rates for the surgical closure of obstetric fistulas at the time of hospital discharge, without further evaluation of the repair's effect on urinary continence or subsequent quality of life. Data on obstetric fistulas are scarce, and thus many questions regarding fistula management remain unanswered. A standardized terminology and classification, as well as a data reporting system on the surgical management of obstetric fistulas and its outcomes, are critical steps that need to be taken immediately.

  12. Behavior of pharyngocutaneous fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reynaldo Gonzalez, Maria de los Angeles; Trinchet Soler, Rafael; Perez Fernandez, Julia; Alvarez Borges, Francisco Emilio

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION. The pharyngocutaneous fistula is clinically detected by appearance of saliva together with deglutition. It is more frequent in postoperative period of total laryngectomies and may to appear in a spontaneous way by dehiscence of pharyngeal suture provoked by deglutition movements of patient or to go with a infection or necrosis. METHODS. A descriptive and bilateral study was conducted on the behavior of pharyngocutaneous fistulas in Cervicofacial Oncology Surgery Service of ''Vladimir Ilich Lenin'' University Hospital in Holguin province. Study sample included all patients operated on by total laryngectomy from 2003 to 2008. There was a total 158 patients and all underwent a manual closure of hypofarynx. RESULTS. Fistulas were present in the 5,6% of cases. The 77,7% of patients had underwent radiotherapy before surgery and the 66,4% of them underwent tracheostomies at surgical operation. In all patients operated on by pharyngotome there was postsurgical sepsis and feeding was started at 10 and 12 days in the 88,4% of cases. CONCLUSIONS. The wide predominance of male patients is directly related to usual toxic habits in this sex. Presurgical tracheostomy is accepted by surgeons as a risk factor for development of fistula, but in present paper wasn't significant. Onset of oral feeding in patients presenting with layngectomies must to fluctuate between 10 and 14 days, never before, but there isn't a hypopharynx healing allowing the foods passage. Also, so it is possible to avoid the appearance of complications like the pharyngocutaneous fistulas. (author)

  13. Congenital parotid fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiggaon Natasha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Parotid fistula is a cause of great distress and embarrassment to the patient. Parotid fistula is most commonly a post-traumatic situation. Congenital parotid salivary fistulas are unusual entities that can arise from accessory parotid glands or even more infrequently, from normal parotid glands through an aberrant Stensen′s duct. The treatment of fistulous tract is usually surgical and can be successfully excised after making a skin incision along the skin tension line around the fistula opening. This report describes a case of right accessory parotid gland fistula of a 4-year-old boy with discharge of pus from right cheek. Computed tomography (CT fistulography and CT sialography demonstrated fistulous tract arising from accessory parotid gland. Both CT fistulography and CT sialography are very helpful in the diagnosis and surgical planning. In this case, superficial parotidectomy is the treatment of choice. A detailed history, clinical and functional examination, proper salivary gland investigations facilitates in correct diagnosis followed by immediate surgical intervention helps us to restore physical, psychological health of the child patient.

  14. Embolization of carotid-cavernous fistula using a silicone balloon and a tracker-catheter system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Sun Yong; Cho, Kil Ho; Park, Bok Hwan

    1992-01-01

    With the recent introduction and development of the detachable balloon system, it has become the treatment of choice in the management of carotid cavernous fistulas(CCFs). But, since most delivery systems for embolization of CCF mainly depend on flow guidance for balloon delivery, in case of small fistula, pseudo aneurysm and arterialized venous collaterals, failure of balloon embolization can occur. To overcome these limitation, the authors designed and used a new versatile, steerable, and flow-guided detachable balloon system by using a Tracker catheter system with silicone or latex balloons. Using this maneuver, we could get successful fistula occlusion in 7 out of 8 patients (silicone balloon). But in one case, we had to occlude the internal carotid artery at the fistula site, proximal and distal cervical portions of the internal carotid artery. This balloon delivery system proved to provide high selectivity for fistula and relatively ease of handing

  15. Reliability of Oronasal Fistula Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitzman, Thomas J; Allori, Alexander C; Matic, Damir B; Beals, Stephen P; Fisher, David M; Samson, Thomas D; Marcus, Jeffrey R; Tse, Raymond W

    2018-01-01

    Objective Oronasal fistula is an important complication of cleft palate repair that is frequently used to evaluate surgical quality, yet reliability of fistula classification has never been examined. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability of oronasal fistula classification both within individual surgeons and between multiple surgeons. Design Using intraoral photographs of children with repaired cleft palate, surgeons rated the location of palatal fistulae using the Pittsburgh Fistula Classification System. Intrarater and interrater reliability scores were calculated for each region of the palate. Participants Eight cleft surgeons rated photographs obtained from 29 children. Results Within individual surgeons reliability for each region of the Pittsburgh classification ranged from moderate to almost perfect (κ = .60-.96). By contrast, reliability between surgeons was lower, ranging from fair to substantial (κ = .23-.70). Between-surgeon reliability was lowest for the junction of the soft and hard palates (κ = .23). Within-surgeon and between-surgeon reliability were almost perfect for the more general classification of fistula in the secondary palate (κ = .95 and κ = .83, respectively). Conclusions This is the first reliability study of fistula classification. We show that the Pittsburgh Fistula Classification System is reliable when used by an individual surgeon, but less reliable when used among multiple surgeons. Comparisons of fistula occurrence among surgeons may be subject to less bias if they use the more general classification of "presence or absence of fistula of the secondary palate" rather than the Pittsburgh Fistula Classification System.

  16. Coronary Fistulas: A Case Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nada Fennich

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery fistula is an uncommon finding during angiographic exams. We report a case series of five patients with congenital coronary fistulas. The first patient was 56 years old and had a coronary fistula associated with a partial atrio ventricular defect, the second patient was 54 years old and had two fistulas originating from the right coronary artery with a severe atherosclerotic coronary disease, the third patient was 57 years old with a fistula originating from the circumflex artery associated with a rheumatic mitral stenosis, the fourth patient was 50 years old and had a fistulous communication between the right coronary artery and the right bronchial artery, and the last patient was 12 years old who had bilateral coronary fistulas draining into the right ventricle with an aneurismal dilatation of the coronary arteries. Angiographic aspects of coronary fistulas are various; management is controversial and depends on the presence of symptoms.

  17. Anesthetic management for surgery of esophagus atresia in a newborn with Goldenhar's syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Guerrero-Domínguez, Rosana; López-Herrera-Rodríguez, Daniel; Benítez-Linero, Inmaculada; Ontanilla, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Goldenhar's syndrome is a polymalformative condition consisting of a craniofacial dysostosis that determines difficult airway in up to 40% of cases. We described a case of a newborn with Goldenhar's syndrome with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula who underwent repair surgery.CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 24-h-old newborn with Goldenhar's syndrome. He had esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula. It was decided that an emergency ...

  18. Cause of a rare acute renal insufficiency: rupture aortocaval fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simsek, Erdal; Caliskan, Aytac; Tutun, Ufuk; Sahin, Serpil

    2014-08-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysms can be complicated by some conditions and aortocaval fistula is one of them. Aortocaval fistula is an unusual entity. A male patient was admitted to the hospital for abdominal pain and leg oedema of three days duration. In addition, severe anuria was also noted. We determined a fistula from the right lateral wall of aneurysm to the distal of vena cava inferior. The aortocaval fistula was closed with pledged-reinforced 4/0 polypropylene suture in the aneurysmal wall. At the postoperative 10th day, he was discharged with normal renal function. After a long-term untreated fistula, right-sided heart failure, acute renal and hepatic insufficiency, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary thrombo-embolism can be seen in these patients. Increased venous pressure should be the reason for decreased arterial flow results in renal insufficiency. Emergency intervention in these patients saves the patient's life as well as prevents irreversible organ failure. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  19. Snodgrass repair for distal hypospadias: a review of 75 cases

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    urologists for distal hypospadias correction. We review our cases to find out whether there was any difference in the rate of urethrocutaneous fistula after the use of single- versus double-layer tubularization, the use of thick versus thin dorsal prepuce subcutaneous flap (DPF), the use of. DPF versus the ventral dartos flap for ...

  20. Clinical trials to reduce pancreatic fistula after pancreatic surgery-review of randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitahata, Yuji; Kawai, Manabu; Yamaue, Hiroki

    2016-01-01

    Pancreatic fistula is one of severe postoperative complications that occur after pancreatic surgery, such as pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and distal pancreatectomy (DP). Because pancreatic fistula is associated with a higher incidence of life-threatening complications. In order to evaluate procedure or postoperative management to reduce pancreatic fistula after pancreatic surgery, we summarized some randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding pancreaticoenterostomy during PD, pancreatic duct stent during PD, procedure to resect pancreatic parenchyma during DP, and somatostatin and somatostatin analogues after pancreatic surgery. At first, we reviewed nine RCTs to compare pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) with pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) during PD. Next, we reviewed five RCTs, to evaluate the impact of pancreatic duct stent during PD. Regarding DP, we reviewed six RCTs to evaluate appropriate procedure to reduce pancreatic fistula after DP. Finally, we reviewed eight RCTs to evaluate the impact of somatostatin and somatostatin analogues after pancreatic surgery to reduce pancreatic fistula. The best way to prevent pancreatic fistula after pancreatic surgery remains still controversial. However, several RCTs clarify a useful procedure to reduce in reducing the incidence of pancreatic fistula after pancreatic surgery. Further RCTs to study innovative approaches remain a high priority for pancreatic surgeons to prevent pancreatic fistula after pancreatic surgery.

  1. Utility of 64-row MDCT in assessment of neonates with congenital EA and distal TEF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosam El-Deen Galal Mohamed El-Malah

    2015-12-01

    Conclusion: Preoperative MDCT scan with MPVR, 3D TL-VR of 64-row MDCT which is a noninvasive technique could provide more accurate information about the assessment of the origin of the fistula, the distal esophageal pouches and inter-pouch distance in neonates with EA and distal TEF.

  2. Surgical Management of Enterocutaneous Fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Suk Hwan

    2012-01-01

    Enterocutaneous (EC) fistula is an abnormal connection between the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and skin. The majority of EC fistulas result from surgery. About one third of fistulas close spontaneously with medical treatment and radiologic interventions. Surgical treatment should be reserved for use after sufficient time has passed from the previous laparotomy to allow lysis of the fibrous adhesion using full nutritional and medical treatment and until a complete understanding of the anatomy of the fistula has been achieved. The successful management of GI fistula requires a multi-disciplinary team approach including a gastroenterologist, interventional radiologist, enterostomal therapist, dietician, social worker and surgeons. With this coordinated approach, EC fistula can be controlled with acceptable morbidity and mortality.

  3. Surgical Management of Enterocutaneous Fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Suk Hwan [Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-02-15

    Enterocutaneous (EC) fistula is an abnormal connection between the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and skin. The majority of EC fistulas result from surgery. About one third of fistulas close spontaneously with medical treatment and radiologic interventions. Surgical treatment should be reserved for use after sufficient time has passed from the previous laparotomy to allow lysis of the fibrous adhesion using full nutritional and medical treatment and until a complete understanding of the anatomy of the fistula has been achieved. The successful management of GI fistula requires a multi-disciplinary team approach including a gastroenterologist, interventional radiologist, enterostomal therapist, dietician, social worker and surgeons. With this coordinated approach, EC fistula can be controlled with acceptable morbidity and mortality.

  4. Colocutaneous fistula complicating sigmoid diverticulitis

    OpenAIRE

    Charalabopoulos, Alexandros; Misiakos, Evangelos; Macheras, Anastasios

    2011-01-01

    Colocutaneous fistula is a very rare complication of colonic diverticular disease. Herein we describe a case with a fistula connecting the sigmoid with the left flank area complicating diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon. An 85-year-old female patient with a history of acute diverticulitis 3 months earlier, was admitted with a subcutaneous abscess in the left flank. The abscess was drained and subsequently a colocutaneous fistula was established. At operation the sigmoid colon with the fistul...

  5. Tubercular fistula-in-ano

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bokhari, I.; Shah, S.S.H.; Khan, A.

    2008-01-01

    To determine the frequency of tuberculosis in recurrent fistula-in-ano. The study included 100 cases of recurrent fistula-in-ano not responding to conventional surgery. Patients with other co-morbidities such as diabetes mellitus, bleeding disorders or with the evidence of pulmonary, abdominal or intestinal tuberculosis were excluded from this study. Fistulogram was performed in all patients. All the patients were subjected to fistulectomy followed by histopathology of the resected specimen. Thereafter, confirmation of the disease, anti-tuberculous treatment was immediately started and response to treatment was observed after 6 months. Out of the 100 studied patients, 11 cases had biopsy proven tuberculosis in the fistula. All the patients were male. The fistulae were low type, single and usually located posteriorly (n=9) with everted margins. Ten were located within 3 cm of anus. Fistulogram revealed single internal opening. Comparative statistics of tuberculous fistula-in-ano with fistulas due to specific inflammation revealed no major differences. The diagnosed patients of tubercular fistulae-in-ano were observed for at least 6 months after starting anti-tuberculous treatment. They all responded well to anti-tubercular treatment and the fistulae healed without any complication such as recurrence or anal stenosis within 6 months. Tuberculosis should be suspected in case of recurrent fistulae-in-ano, so as to avoid unusual delay in the treatment and miseries to the patient. Appropriate anti-tuberculous therapy leads to healing within 6 months. (author)

  6. Acquired tracheo-oesophageal fistula.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shah C

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available Acquired tracheo-oesophageal fistula is rare. The most common causes are tuberculosis and malignancy. Here we report a patient who had come with dysphagia and aspiration pneumonia with paratracheal lymphnodes on X-ray chest and was diagnosed to have a tracheo-bronchial fistula on barium studies. Transtumoral intubation by pull-through method was carried out.

  7. Cholecystic fistula with atypical symptoms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, U.C.; Hasbak, P.; From, G.

    2008-01-01

    We report a patient with spontaneous cholecystocolonis fistula secondary to cholelithiasis. A 93 year-old woman was admitted because of weight loss, diarrhoea and upper abdominal pain. Ultrasound examination revealed air in the biliary tract and cholescientigraphy revealed a fistula between the g...

  8. Congenital broncho-oesophageal fistula

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1983-04-09

    Apr 9, 1983 ... A case of broncho-oesophageal fistula causing bronchiectasis of the left· lung is reported. Oesophagorespiratory fistulas without atresia of the oesophagus often have an insidious clinical course and most commonly present in adulthood. This rare congenital anomaly should be considered as a cause of ...

  9. Transvaginal coloanal anastomosis after rectal resection for the treatment of a rectovaginal fistula induced by radiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brezean, I

    2014-01-01

    Although decreasing in number, radiation induced rectovaginal fistulas are caused by some radiation injuries and chronic ischemic lesions. Most of the experienced authors recommend anterior rectal resection with coloanal anastomosis accessed through the abdominal-perineum area for high fistula. We present a patient with a fistula that developed 23 years after hysterectomy and radiotherapy. In this case we performed an abdominal-transvaginal rectal resection with transverse coloplastypouch, coloanal anastomosis and protection ileostomy three months after a terminal sigmoidostomy. The dissection of the distal rectum by posteriour colpotomy and coloanal transvaginalan astomosis is a technical variant that may prove advantage ous compared to the procedures featured in the literature as solutions by rectal resection for rectovaginal fistula. Celsius.

  10. Experimental model of arteriovenous fistula in pigs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suh, Dae Chul; Seo, Dong Man; Kim, Hyun Jin and others

    1997-01-01

    To establish an experimental model of arteriovenous fistula in pigs. Ten fistulas were created in eight pigs, and angiography was performed 3 to 5 days after surgery. A follow-up angiogram of three fistulas was obtained 2 to 12 weeks later. In one animal, pathologic examination showed occlusion 8 weeks after a successful operations. Eight angiograms of nine fistulas in seven pigs were obtained; one animal died due to cardiac failure. In six pigs, high-flow fistulas were shown to be present, and in two, the fistulas were slow flow; a pseudoaneurysm was seen in one. A follow-up angiogram obtained in three cases showed occlusion of the fistula. Pathologic examination of one animal showed fibrosis in the occluded portion of the fistula. An arteriovenous fistula model was surgically established in 80% of cases; during follow-up, three fistulas were seen to be occluded due to fibrosis. This model can therefore be used within one week of surgery

  11. Tunneled Tunica Vaginalis Flap for Recurrent Urethrocutaneous Fistulae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan C. Routh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The tubularized incised plate (TIP hypospadias repair is currently the most widely used urethroplasty technique. The most significant post-TIP complication is urethrocutaneous fistula (UCF development. Tunneled tunica vaginalis flap (TVF is a well-described technique for the repair of UCF. We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing repeat repair of UCF after TIP repair from 2001 to 2005. Twelve boys underwent TVF repair at our institution for recurrent UCF. Fistulae ranged from distal penile to penoscrotal in location. Median surgical time was 45 minutes and no postoperative complications occurred. After a median follow-up of 32 months (range 16–48 months, no patient has yet had a recurrence of UCF. In conclusion, TVF repair is a successful technique for the treatment of UCF after previous failed repair. TVF is technically simple to perform and should be considered for treating UCF following TIP urethroplasty, particularly in a repeat surgical setting.

  12. Cholecystic fistula with atypical symptoms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, U.C.; Hasbak, P.; From, G.

    2008-01-01

    We report a patient with spontaneous cholecystocolonis fistula secondary to cholelithiasis. A 93 year-old woman was admitted because of weight loss, diarrhoea and upper abdominal pain. Ultrasound examination revealed air in the biliary tract and cholescientigraphy revealed a fistula between the g...... the gallbladder and right colon. Using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography a calculus was extracted from the bile duct and the symptoms disappeared Udgivelsesdato: 2008/1/14...

  13. Value of digital high-speed endoscopy in addition to videofluoroscopic imaging of the neoglottis in tracheoesophageal speech.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    As, C.J. van; Coul, B.M.R. op de; Eysholdt, U.; Hilgers, F.J.M.

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into the clinical value of using the relatively new evaluation tool digital high-speed endoscopy in addition to the widely used method of videofluoroscopy for imaging of the neoglottis in tracheoesophageal speech after total laryngectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Anatomical

  14. Algorithm for Optimal Urethral Coverage in Hypospadias and Fistula Repair: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahmy, Omar; Khairul-Asri, Mohd Ghani; Schwentner, Christian; Schubert, Tina; Stenzl, Arnulf; Zahran, Mohamed Hassan; Gakis, Georgios

    2016-08-01

    Although urethral covering during hypospadias repair minimizes the incidence of fistula, wide variation in results among surgeons has been reported. To investigate what type of flap used during Snodgrass or fistula repair reduces the incidence of fistula occurrence. We systematically reviewed published results for urethral covering during Snodgrass and fistula repair procedures. An initial online search detected 1740 reports. After exclusion of ineligible studies at two stages, we included all patients with clear data on the covering technique used (dartos fascia [DF] vs tunica vaginalis flap [TVF]) and the incidence of postoperative fistula. A total of 51 reports were identified involving 4550 patients, including 33 series on DF use, 11 series on TVF use, and seven retrospective comparative studies. For distal hypospadias, double-layer DF had the lowest rate of fistula incidence when compared to single-layer DF (5/855 [0.6%] vs 156/3077 [5.1%]; p=0.004) and TVF (5/244, 2.0%), while the incidence was highest for single-layer DF among proximal hypospadias cases (9/102, 8.8%). Among repeat cases, fistula incidence was significantly lower for TVF (3/47, 6.4%) than for DF (26/140, 18.6%; p=0.020). Among patients with fistula after primary repair, the incidence of recurrence was 12.2% (11/90) after DF and 5.1% (5/97) after TVF (p=0.39). The absence of a minimum follow-up time and the lack of information regarding skin complications and rates of urethral stricture are limitations of this study. A double DF during tubularized incised plate urethroplasty should be considered for all patients with distal hypospadias. In proximal, repeat, and fistula repair cases, TVF should be the first choice. On the basis of these findings, we propose an evidence-based algorithm for surgeons who are still in their learning phase or want to improve their results. We systematically reviewed the impact of urethral covering in reducing fistula formation after hypospadias repair. We propose an

  15. Traumatic urethrocutaneous fistula: Case report andliterature review ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    % of all trauma cases.Severe penile trauma may be complicated by urethrocutaneous fistula. A 22 year old male patient presentedwith urethrocutaneous fistula following severe crush injury of his penis from the rollers of a baking machine.

  16. MR evaluation of CSF fistulae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gupta, V.; Goyal, M.; Mishra, N.; Gaikwad, S.; Sharma, A.

    1997-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the role of MR imaging in the localisation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulae. Material and Methods: A total of 36 consecutive unselected patients with either clincally proven CSF leakage (n=26) or suspected CSF fistula (n=10) were prospectively evaluated by MR. All MR examinations included fast spin-echo T2-weighted images in the 3 orthogonal planes. Thin-section CT was performed following equivocal or negative MR examination. MR and CT findings were correlated with surgical results in 33 patients. Results: CSF fistula was visualised as a dural-bone defect with hyperintense fluid signal continuous with that in the basal cisterns on T2-weighted images. MR was positive in 26 cases, in 24 of which the fistula was confirmed surgically. In 2 patients the CSF leakage was directly demonstrated on MR. MR sensitivity of 80% compared favourably with the reported 46-81% of CT cisternography (CTC). No significant difference in MR sensitivity in detecting CSF fistula was found between active and inactive leaks. (orig.)

  17. Venous ulcer: late complication of a traumatic arteriovenous fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Calvin J; Dardik, Alan; Sumpio, Bauer; Indes, Jeff; Muhs, Bart; Ochoa Chaar, Cassius I

    2015-01-01

    Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) formation after penetrating trauma is a well-described phenomenon. However, diagnosis of traumatic AVF is frequently delayed as patients often do not have hard signs of vascular injury at the initial presentation. Late complications of traumatic AVF include arterial and venous dilatation, distal ischemia, venous congestion, and congestive heart failure. This case report describes a traumatic femoral AVF causing distal venous ulceration 3 years after the injury. The AVF was treated with open repair. In the operating room, the Nicoladoni-Branham sign was elicited. The ulcer healed at 1 month and has not recurred at 1-year follow-up. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Posterior cranial fossa arteriovenous fistula with presenting as caroticocavernous fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, H.M.; Shih, H.C.; Huang, Y.C.; Wang, Y.H.

    2001-01-01

    We report cases of posterior cranial fossa arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with presenting with exophthalmos, chemosis and tinnitus in 26- and 66-year-old men. The final diagnoses was vertebral artery AVF and AVF of the marginal sinus, respectively. The dominant venous drainage was the cause of the unusual presentation: both drained from the jugular bulb or marginal sinus, via the inferior petrosal and cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic vein. We used endovascular techniques, with coils and liquid adhesives to occlude the fistulae, with resolution of the symptoms and signs. (orig.)

  19. Posterior cranial fossa arteriovenous fistula with presenting as caroticocavernous fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, H.M.; Shih, H.C.; Huang, Y.C.; Wang, Y.H. [Dept. of Medical Imaging, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei (Taiwan)

    2001-05-01

    We report cases of posterior cranial fossa arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with presenting with exophthalmos, chemosis and tinnitus in 26- and 66-year-old men. The final diagnoses was vertebral artery AVF and AVF of the marginal sinus, respectively. The dominant venous drainage was the cause of the unusual presentation: both drained from the jugular bulb or marginal sinus, via the inferior petrosal and cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic vein. We used endovascular techniques, with coils and liquid adhesives to occlude the fistulae, with resolution of the symptoms and signs. (orig.)

  20. Selective Management for Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage caused by Choledochoduodenal Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawan Chansaenroj

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: To report a patient of choledochoduodenal fistulae (CDF who presented with melena and review a specific treatment for CDF. Methods: This study was designed as a retrospective chart review using patient’s clinical data, imaging, endoscopic report, treatment review, and literature review for treatment options. Results: A 74-year-old female presented with diffuse, non-tender abdominal pain and associated melena for one week. Physical examination showed mildly icteric sclera and mild epigastric tenderness on deep palpation. Initial diagnoses included cholangitis with anemia and acute kidney injury. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed dilated common bile duct (CBD with a likely 1 cm stone at the distal common bile duct. The patient was given intravenous antibiotic and proper fluid administration. An ERCP was performed noting a fistula from the bile duct to the 2nd part of the duodenum with stone impaction. Sphincterotomy was performed from papilla to fistula. Balloon extraction of 1 cm stone from the CBD was done. Conclusion: The clinical presentation of CDF is generally quite nonspecific. In this case report, we present a presentation of a patient with gastrointestinal hemorrhage as an example of the presentation of CDF associated with a CBD stone. This study also discussed recent data concerning proposed treatment of CDF.

  1. Gastrocolic Fistula: A Shortcut through the Gut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nauzer Forbes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Gastrocolic fistulas are observed in association with several conditions. Traditionally, peptic ulcer disease was commonly implicated in the formation of gastrocolic fistulas; however, this is now a rare etiology. Here, we present a case of gastrocolic fistula secondary to peptic ulcer disease alone, in addition to reviewing the literature and providing options for diagnosis and treatment.

  2. Treatment of non-IBD anal fistula

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundby, Lilli; Hagen, Kikke; Christensen, Peter

    2015-01-01

    be supplemented with an endoluminal ultrasound scan and/or an MRI scan. St. Mark's fistula chart should be used for the description. Simple fistulas are amenable to fistulotomy, whereas treatment of complex fistulas requires special expertise and management of all available treatment modalities to tailor...

  3. MRI of congenital urethroperineal fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ghadimi-Mahani, Maryam; Dillman, Jonathan R.; Pai, Deepa; DiPietro, Michael; Park, John

    2010-01-01

    We present the MRI features of a congenital urethroperineal fistula diagnosed in a 12-year-old boy being evaluated after a single urinary tract infection. This diagnosis was initially suggested by voiding cystourethrogram and confirmed by MRI. Imaging revealed an abnormal fluid-filled tract arising from the posterior urethra and tracking to the perineal skin surface that increased in size during micturition. Surgical resection and histopathological evaluation of the abnormal tract confirmed the diagnosis of congenital urethroperineal fistula. MRI played important roles in confirming the diagnosis and assisting surgical planning. (orig.)

  4. MRI of congenital urethroperineal fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghadimi-Mahani, Maryam; Dillman, Jonathan R.; Pai, Deepa; DiPietro, Michael [C. S. Mott Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Section of Pediatric Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Park, John [C. S. Mott Children' s Hospital, Department of Pediatric Urology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    2010-12-15

    We present the MRI features of a congenital urethroperineal fistula diagnosed in a 12-year-old boy being evaluated after a single urinary tract infection. This diagnosis was initially suggested by voiding cystourethrogram and confirmed by MRI. Imaging revealed an abnormal fluid-filled tract arising from the posterior urethra and tracking to the perineal skin surface that increased in size during micturition. Surgical resection and histopathological evaluation of the abnormal tract confirmed the diagnosis of congenital urethroperineal fistula. MRI played important roles in confirming the diagnosis and assisting surgical planning. (orig.)

  5. Embolotherapy of an Arterioportal Fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen, Qi; Tack, Carl; Morcos, Morcos; Ruggiero, Mary Ann; Schlossberg, Peter; Fogel, Joshua; Weng Lijun; Farkas, Jeffrey

    2007-01-01

    We present a complex case of a splanchnic arterioportal vein fistula in a patient who presented with weight loss, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and pancreatitis. We report successful use of the Guglielmi Detachable Coil (GDC) and N-butyl cyanoacrylate glue for the therapeutic embolization of the fistula between the superior mesenteric artery, the common hepatic artery, and the portal vein. On the day following the procedure, the patient reported total remission of the abdominal pain and diarrhea. These results were maintained at 3 months follow-up

  6. Upper limb vein anatomy before hemodialysis fistula creation: cross-sectional anatomy using MR venography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laissy, Jean-Pierre; Fernandez, Pedro; Karila-Cohen, Pascale; Chillon, Sylvie; Schouman-Claeys, Elisabeth [Department of Radiology, Hopital Bichat, 46 rue Henri Huchard, 75877 Paris Cedex 18 (France); Delmas, Vincent [Department of Urology, Hopital Bichat, 46 rue Henri Huchard, 75877 Paris Cedex 18 (France); Dupuy, Emmanuel; Mignon, Francoise [Department of Nephrology, Hopital Bichat, 46 rue Henri Huchard, 75877 Paris Cedex 18 (France)

    2003-02-01

    Preoperative imaging is indicated to discriminate patent, adequate superficial veins of the upper limbs undetectable by clinical inspection that could be anastomosed for the creation of a durable and functional hemodialysis fistula. The aim of this pictorial review is to provide a venous anatomic map of the upper limbs using MR venography (MRV) which could help surgeons before creation of hemodialysis access fistulas (AVF). At the level of the forearm, the antebrachial cephalic vein is the most commonly identified as patent. At the level of the elbow and distal arm, the cephalic vein is patent in 80% of normal subjects, and less often patent (23-26%) than basilic vein (33-38%) in patients. Overall, reading transaxial MR views can help for assessing upper limb vein anatomy before creation of a hemodialysis access fistula. (orig.)

  7. Upper limb vein anatomy before hemodialysis fistula creation: cross-sectional anatomy using MR venography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laissy, Jean-Pierre; Fernandez, Pedro; Karila-Cohen, Pascale; Chillon, Sylvie; Schouman-Claeys, Elisabeth; Delmas, Vincent; Dupuy, Emmanuel; Mignon, Francoise

    2003-01-01

    Preoperative imaging is indicated to discriminate patent, adequate superficial veins of the upper limbs undetectable by clinical inspection that could be anastomosed for the creation of a durable and functional hemodialysis fistula. The aim of this pictorial review is to provide a venous anatomic map of the upper limbs using MR venography (MRV) which could help surgeons before creation of hemodialysis access fistulas (AVF). At the level of the forearm, the antebrachial cephalic vein is the most commonly identified as patent. At the level of the elbow and distal arm, the cephalic vein is patent in 80% of normal subjects, and less often patent (23-26%) than basilic vein (33-38%) in patients. Overall, reading transaxial MR views can help for assessing upper limb vein anatomy before creation of a hemodialysis access fistula. (orig.)

  8. Bronchobiliary Fistula Treated by Self-expanding ePTFE-Covered Nitinol Stent-Graft

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gandini, Roberto; Konda, Daniel; Tisone, Giuseppe; Pipitone, Vincenzo; Anselmo, Alessandro; Simonetti, Giovanni

    2005-01-01

    A 71-year-old man, who had undergone right hepatectomy extended to the caudate lobe with terminolateral Roux-en-Y left hepatojejunostomy for a Klatskin tumor, developed bilioptysis 3 weeks postoperatively due to bronchobiliary fistula. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography revealed a non-dilated biliary system with contrast medium extravasation to the right subphrenic space through a resected anomalous right posterior segmental duct. After initial unsuccessful internal-external biliary drainage, the fistula was sealed with a VIATORR covered self-expanding nitinol stent-graft placed with its distal uncovered region in the hepatojejunal anastomosis and the proximal ePTFE-lined region in the left hepatic duct. A 10-month follow-up revealed no recurrence of bilioptysis and confirmed the complete exclusion of the bronchobiliary fistula

  9. Prenatal Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Fistula: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Nagiub

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available We report an antenatally diagnosed large distal coronary artery fistula (CAF arising from an aneurysmal dilation right coronary artery (RCA and draining in to the right ventricle (RV just below the septal leaflet of tricuspid valve posteriorly. A postnatal echocardiogram confirmed the diagnosis. On the second day of life, a percutaneous partial closure of the fistula was performed by placing a Flipper coil (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN in the RCA just proximal to the drainage site in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Follow-up echocardiogram on the day following the procedure showed improved forward flow in the descending aorta with decreased RV size. Our case report suggests that antenatal diagnosis of a CAF may aid in early intervention. Partial closure of the fistula in the cardiac catheterization laboratory is safe and effective.

  10. Endovascular repair of posttraumatic multiple femoral-femoral and popliteal-popliteal arteriovenous fistula with Viabahn and excluder stent graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šarac Momir

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Traumatic arteriovenous (AV fistula is considered to be a pathologic communication between the arterial and venous systems following injury caused mostly by firearms, sharp objects or blasting agents. Almost 50% of all traumatic AV fistulas are localized in the extremities. In making diagnosis, besides injury anamnesis data, clinical image is dominated by palpable thrill and auscultator continual sounds at the site of fistula, extremities edemas, ischemia distally of fistula, pronounced varicose syndrome, and any signs of the right heart load in high-flow fistulas. Case report. We presented a male 32-year-old patient self-injured the region of the right lower and upper leg by shotgun during hunting in 2005. The same day the patient was operated on in a tertiary traumatology health care institution under the diagnosis of vulnus sclopetarium femoris et cruris dex; AV fistula reg popliteae dex; fractura cruris dex. The performed surgery was ligatura AV fistulae; reconstructio a. popliteae cum T-T anastomosis; fasciotomia cruris dex. Postoperatively, in the patient developed a multiple AV fistula of the femoral and popliteal artery and neighboring veins. The patient was two more times operated on for closing the fistula but with no success. Three years later the patient was referred to the Clinic for Vascular Surgery, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia. A physical examination on admission showed the right upper leg edema, pronounced varicosities and high thrill, signs of the skin induration and initial ischemia with ulceration in the right lower leg, as well as numerous scars in the inner side of the leg from the previously performed operations. Due to the right heart load there were also present easy getting tired, tachypnoea and tachycardia. CT and contrast angiography verified the presence of multiple traumatic AV fistulas in the surface femoral and popliteal artery and neighboring veins of the highest diameter being 1 cm

  11. Gastropulmonary Fistula after Bariatric Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maya Doumit

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common operations for morbid obesity. Although rare, gastropulmonary fistulas are an important complication of this procedure. There is only one recently reported case of this complication. The present report describes the serious nature of this complication in a patient after an uneventful laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery.

  12. Vesicovaginal Fistula Repair During Pregnancy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    urogenital fistula (UGF). In this condition there is an abnormal communication between the ... infection, carcinoma of the cervix, and irradiation necrosis from treatment of cervical carcinoma. In Northern Nigeria where the .... Safe Motherhood. Newsletter. 1999; 27: 1. 4. Lawson JB. Injuries of the urinary tract. In Lawson JB,.

  13. Vesicouterine fistula and blind vagina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hafeez, M.; Hameed, S.; Asif, S.

    2003-01-01

    A case of vesicouterine fistula with blind vagina following cesarean section for obstructed labor is presented. It was surgically treated by fistulectomy, cervicoplasty and maintenance of bladder and cervical potency by catheterization. Intrauterine synechiae formation was prevented by copper T insertion and oral contraceptive pills. The patient is making uneventful a symptomatic progress planning to conceive. (author)

  14. Treatment of foregut fistula with biologic plugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filgate, Rhys; Thomas, Alan; Ballal, Mohammad

    2015-07-01

    Enteric fistulas are a recognised complication of various diseases and surgical interventions. Non-operative medical management will result in closure of 60-70% of all fistulas over a six- to eight-week period, those that fail non-operative management will require operative intervention if they are to close. We present a series of upper gastrointestinal fistula managed with endoscopic intervention and insertion of biological fistula plug over a 3-year period across three Hospitals, both public and private, in Western Australia. Over a three-year period, 14 patients were referred for treatment of acute or persistent foregut fistulas. All fistulas were managed with endoscopic intervention and insertion of a porcine small intestine sub-mucosa plug (Biodesign (®) Cook medical Inc., Bloomington, IN, USA). No patients with fistula were excluded. Data were collected on patient demographics and underlying diagnosis. The biological plugs were deployed using three different endoscopic techniques (direct deployment via the endoscope, catheter-assisted endoscopic deployment, or a pull through via a guide wire using a rendezvous technique). Fourteen patients with foregut fistula were treated using biological plugs. The age of the fistulas treated ranged from 14 days to 3 years. The fistulas were predominantly gastric in origin (eight cases). Three oesophageal, one gastro-pleural-bronchial, and two jejunal fistulas were also managed using this technique. Of the 14 fistulas treated using this method, 13 resolved following the treatment. Median time to closure of the fistula was 2 days (range 1-120 days). Three patients required more than one intervention to complete closure. Biological plugs offer a further option for management of the traditionally difficult foregut fistula, without major morbidity associated with other treatment modalities. It is limited to the ability to deploy the plug endoscopically.

  15. External Carotid-Internal Jugular Fistula as a Late Complication After Carotid Endarterectomy: A Rare Case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bakar, Bulent; Cekirge, Saruhan; Tekkok, Ismail Hakki

    2011-01-01

    A 66-year-old man presented with mild amnesia, progressive fatigue, ataxia, visual hallucinations, and debility. His past medical history included right-sided carotid endarterectomy performed elsewhere 6 years previously. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed left parieto-occipital arteriovenous malformation-like tortous vessels, venous congestion, and ischemic areas. Cerebral angiography showed right-sided compound external carotid artery-internal jugular vein (IJV) fistula, and distal occlusion of the right IJV. Transvenous embolization via contralateral IJV was performed, and the fistula, together with fistulous portion of the distal IJV, was sealed using coils. Two years later, patient is well with normal neurologic examination findings. The presence of an arteriovenous communication after vascular surgery is a serious complication with potential long-term effects and therefore should be diagnosed and treated as promptly as possible.

  16. The Effect of Noise on Relationships Between Speech Intelligibility and Self-Reported Communication Measures in Tracheoesophageal Speakers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eadie, Tanya L; Otero, Devon Sawin; Bolt, Susan; Kapsner-Smith, Mara; Sullivan, Jessica R

    2016-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how sentence intelligibility relates to self-reported communication in tracheoesophageal speakers when speech intelligibility is measured in quiet and noise. Twenty-four tracheoesophageal speakers who were at least 1 year postlaryngectomy provided audio recordings of 5 sentences from the Sentence Intelligibility Test. Speakers also completed self-reported measures of communication-the Voice Handicap Index-10 and the Communicative Participation Item Bank short form. Speech recordings were presented to 2 groups of inexperienced listeners who heard sentences in quiet or noise. Listeners transcribed the sentences to yield speech intelligibility scores. Very weak relationships were found between intelligibility in quiet and measures of voice handicap and communicative participation. Slightly stronger, but still weak and nonsignificant, relationships were observed between measures of intelligibility in noise and both self-reported measures. However, 12 speakers who were more than 65% intelligible in noise showed strong and statistically significant relationships with both self-reported measures (R2 = .76-.79). Speech intelligibility in quiet is a weak predictor of self-reported communication measures in tracheoesophageal speakers. Speech intelligibility in noise may be a better metric of self-reported communicative function for speakers who demonstrate higher speech intelligibility in noise.

  17. First experience with the use of a collagen fistula plug to treat enterocutaneous fistulas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, James W; Hodde, Jason P; Hucks, David; Changkuon, Daniela I

    2013-10-01

    This report describes the authors' first experiences with the use of the Biodesign Enterocutaneous Fistula Plug (EFP). Six patients presented with intraperitoneal abscess and associated chronic bowel fistulas. The fistulas were treated by delivering an EFP by using radiologic guidance. The EFP placement procedure was successfully performed in all patients. All fistulas were closed within 2 weeks. Fistula recurrence occurred in two patients (33%) at 9 and 12 months after the procedure. One recurrence was associated with an adverse reaction to chemotherapy. The other was associated with the silicone flange migrating out of the bowel lumen. The Biodesign EFP offers a promising new approach for the treatment of enterocutaneous fistulas. © SIR, 2013.

  18. Bovine Serum Albumin-Glutaraldehyde Sealed Fish-Mouth Closure of the Pancreatic Remnant during Distal Pancreatectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fritz Klein

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Postoperative pancreatic fistula formation remains the major complication after distal pancreatectomy. At our institution, we have recently developed a novel bovine serum albumin-glutaraldehyde sealed hand sutured fish-mouth closure technique of the pancreatic remnant during distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of this approach with regard to technical feasibility and overall postoperative outcome. Patients and Methods. 32 patients who underwent a bovine serum albumin-glutaraldehyde sealed hand sutured fish-mouth closure of the pancreatic remnant during distal pancreatectomy between 2012 and 2014 at our institution were analyzed for clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula formation (Grades B and C according to ISGPF definition and overall postoperative morbidity. Results. Three out of 32 patients (9.4% developed Grade B pancreatic fistula, which could be treated conservatively. No Grade C pancreatic fistulas were observed. Postpancreatectomy hemorrhage occurred in 1 patient (3.1%. Overall postoperative complications > Clavien II were observed in 5 patients (15.6%. There was no postoperative mortality. Conclusion. The performance of a bovine serum albumin-glutaraldehyde sealed hand sutured fish-mouth closure of the pancreatic remnant was shown to be technically feasible and may lead to a significant decrease of postoperative pancreatic fistula formation after distal pancreatectomy.

  19. Effect of BioGlue on the incidence of pancreatic fistula following pancreas resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, William E; Chai, Christy; Hodges, Sally E; Wu, Meng-Fen; Hilsenbeck, Susan G; Brunicardi, F Charles

    2008-05-01

    Despite numerous modifications of surgical technique, pancreatic fistula remains a serious problem and occurs in about 10% of patients following pancreas resection. BioGlue is a new sealant that creates a flexible mechanical seal within minutes independent of the body's clotting mechanism. Application of BioGlue sealant will reduce the incidence of pancreatic fistula following pancreas resection. A retrospective cohort study was performed with 64 patients undergoing pancreas resection. BioGlue sealant was applied to the pancreatic anastomosis (Whipple) or resection margin (distal pancreatectomy) in 32 cases. Factors that could affect the rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula were recorded. Pancreatic fistula was defined as greater than 50 ml of drain output with an amylase content greater than three times normal serum value after postoperative day 10. To improve the sensitivity of our study, we also examined pancreatic fistula with a strict definition of any drain output on or after postoperative day 3 with a high amylase content and graded the fistulas in terms of clinical severity. Grade A leaks were defined as subclinical. Grade B leaks required some response such as making the patient nil per os, parenteral nutrition, octreotide, antibiotics, or a prolonged hospital stay. Grade C leaks were defined as serious and life threatening. They were associated with hemorrhage, sepsis, resulted in deterioration of other organ systems, and mandated intensive care. Comparisons between the two groups were made using the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and by the Wilcoxon rank-sum test for continuous variables. P values of 0.05 or less were deemed statistically significant. There were no differences between the patients who received BioGlue and the control cohort in terms of comorbid conditions, tumor location, texture of the pancreas, size of the pancreatic duct, or surgical technique. By the common definition, pancreatic fistula occurred

  20. Esophageal atresia with or without tracheophgeal fistula: success and failure in 94 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Al-Salem, Ahmed H.; Tayeb, M.; Khogair, S.; Roy, A.; Al-Jishi, N.; Alsenan, K.; Shaban, H.; Ahmad, M.

    2006-01-01

    The management of newborns with esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) has evolved considerably over the years. Currently an overall survival of 85% to 90% has been reported from developed countries. In developing countries, several factors contribute to higher mortalities rates. We describe our experience with 94 consecutive cases of FA with or without TEF. We retrospectively studied 94 patients with EA with or without TEF treated at our hospital over a period of 15 years. Medical records were reviewed for age at diagnosis, sex, birth weight, associated anomalies, aspiration pneumonia, method of diagnosis, treatment, postoperative complications and outcome. Ninety-four newborns (55 males and 39 females) with EA/TEF were treated at our hospital. Their mean birth weight was 2.2 kg (700g to 3800g). Age at diagnosis ranged from birth to 7 days. At the time of admission 37 (39.4%) had aspiration pneumonia. Associated anomalies were seen in 46 (49%) patients. Thirteen patients had major associated anomalies that contributed to mortality. Postoperative complications were similar to those from developed countries but overall operative mortality (30.8%) was high. The overall mortality was high but excluding major congenital malformations, sepsis was the most frequent cause of death. Factors contributing to mortality included prematurely, delay in diagnosis with an increased incidence of aspiration pneumonia and a shortage of qualified nurses. To improve overall outcome, factors contributing to sepsis should be evaluated and efforts and efforts should be made to overcome them. (author)

  1. Surgical Management of Fossa Navicularis and Distal Urethral Strictures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daneshvar, Michael; Hughes, Michael; Nikolavsky, Dmitriy

    2018-04-17

    Urethral reconstruction has evolved in the last several decades with the introduction of various techniques including fasciocutaneous skin flaps and buccal mucosal grafts. However, distal urethral strictures have continued to be a reconstructive challenge due to tendency for adverse cosmetic outcomes, risks of glans dehiscence or fistula formation, and stricture recurrence. The surgical options for treatment of distal urethral strictures have changed throughout the years; however, there is no one universally accepted technique for their treatment. The current trend for treatment is shifting away from multi-staged procedures or the use of local skin flaps to single-stage transurethral procedures that utilize buccal mucosa with glans preservation. This chapter will describe the evolution of distal urethral stricture treatments tracking gradual improvements and modifications over time. The different interventions include transurethral approaches, such as dilations and visual urethrotomy, meatotomy, and meatoplasty/urethroplasty techniques including genital skin flaps and single- and double-stage repairs with buccal mucosal grafts.

  2. Spinal cord giant arteriovenous fistulae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aymard, A.; Reizine, D.; Marciano, S.; Cervigon, E.G.; Gelbert, F.; Merland, J.J.

    1988-01-01

    Giant extramedullary arteriovenous fistulas fed by spinal arteries are a rare type of spinal cord arteriovenous malformation. Among 11 patient (mean age, 20 years) with spinal hemorrhage in childhood, progressive paraplegia, and myelographic and angiographic diagnosis, magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the precised extramedulary location and complications (thrombosis 1). Angiography showed dilated spinal arteries feeding giant, high flow fistulas with much venous drainage. Endovascular treatment was performed in 11 cases, with balloons in seven, particulate embolization in three, and polymerizing agents in one. Complete closures of the shunt with clinical improvement was achieved in seven cases and partial closure with partial clinical recovery in two; there was one case each of paraplegia due to involuntary venous blockage by the balloon, and fatal bulbomedullary stroke in particulate embolization of cervical location. Careful endovascular techniques represent a valuable treatment in this severe pathology

  3. Application of automatic speech recognition to quantitative assessment of tracheoesophageal speech with different signal quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haderlein, Tino; Riedhammer, Korbinian; Nöth, Elmar; Toy, Hikmet; Schuster, Maria; Eysholdt, Ulrich; Hornegger, Joachim; Rosanowski, Frank

    2009-01-01

    Tracheoesophageal voice is state-of-the-art in voice rehabilitation after laryngectomy. Intelligibility on a telephone is an important evaluation criterion as it is a crucial part of social life. An objective measure of intelligibility when talking on a telephone is desirable in the field of postlaryngectomy speech therapy and its evaluation. Based upon successful earlier studies with broadband speech, an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system was applied to 41 recordings of postlaryngectomy patients. Recordings were available in different signal qualities; quality was the crucial criterion for this study. Compared to the intelligibility rating of 5 human experts, the ASR system had a correlation coefficient of r = -0.87 and Krippendorff's alpha of 0.65 when broadband speech was processed. The rater group alone achieved alpha = 0.66. With the test recordings in telephone quality, the system reached r = -0.79 and alpha = 0.67. For medical purposes, a comprehensive diagnostic approach to (substitute) voice has to cover both subjective and objective tests. An automatic recognition system such as the one proposed in this study can be used for objective intelligibility rating with results comparable to those of human experts. This holds for broadband speech as well as for automatic evaluation via telephone. Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  4. Retrospective Analysis of Patients with Genitourinary Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar Başaranoğlu

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To present the outcomes of patients treated at a tertiary center for a diagnosis of genitourinary fistula secondary to gynecological and obstetric etiologies. Study Design: In this retrospective study, analysis was made of 18 patients with a diagnosis of genitourinary fistula in a tertiary center between January 2006 and June 2016. Patient data were taken from the archives and patient histories. A record was made of examinations, diagnostic methods such as cystoscopy and fistulography and appropriate medical treatments, demographic data, intraoperative and post-operative complications, duration of hospital stay, surgical operations and types, diameter and location of fistulas. Results: Of the 18 cases, 14 were secondary to obstetric trauma. In 10 of these 14 cases, fistula had developed after difficult vaginal delivery and in four cases, after caesarean section. Four of the 18 cases were secondary to gynecological surgeries, namely hysterectomy and cystocele repairs. Vesicovaginal fistulas were repaired transvaginally while vesicouterine fistulas and bilateral ureterovaginal fistulas were repaired transabdominally. The mean hospital stay was 3.8±1.5 days (2-7 days. Patients were followed up closely in the first 3 months and recurrence developed in only one case. Conclusion: Fistulas secondary to gynecological procedures are uncommon while fistulas secondary to inadequate perineal care, insufficient labor monitoring and difficulties in vaginal delivery techniques are more prevalent in Turkey. Thorough evaluation, using all diagnostic tools for complete diagnosis, understanding the pathophysiology and choosing the best surgical procedure are mandatory to obtain good outcomes after the surgical

  5. Operative treatment of radiation-induced fistulae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Balslev, I.; Harling, H.

    1987-01-01

    Out of 136 patients with radiation-induced intestinal complications, 45 had fistulae. Twenty-eight patients had rectovaginal fistulae while the remainder had a total of 13 different types of fistulae. Thirty-seven patients were treated operatively and eight were treated conservatively. Thirty-three patients were submitted to operation for rectal fistulae. Of these, 28 were treated by defunctioning colostomy, three were treated by Hartmann's method and resection and primary anastomosis was carried out in two patients. In the course of the period of observation, 35% of the patients developed new radiation damage. The frequency in the basic material without fistulae was 21% (0.05< p<0.10). Following establishment of defunctioning colostomy on account of rectovaginal fistulae in 25 patients, eight patients developed new fistulae, Significantly more patients with fistulae died of recurrence as compared with patients with other lesions (p<0.01). Defunctioning colostomy in the treatment of rectal fistula is a reasonable form of treatment in elderly patients and in case of recurrence. Younger patients should be assessed in a special department in view of the possibility of a sphincter-preserving procedure following resection of the rectum and restorative anastomosis. (author)

  6. Operative treatment of radiation-induced fistulae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balslev, I.; Harling, H.

    1987-01-01

    Out of 136 patients with radiation-induced intestinal complications, 45 had fistulae. Twenty-eight patients had rectovaginal fistulae while the remainder had a total of 13 different types of fistulae. Thirty-seven patients were treated operatively and eight were treated conservatively. Thirty-three patients were submitted to operation for rectal fistulae. Of these, 28 were treated by defunctioning colostomy, three were treated by Hartmann's method and resection and primary anastomosis was carried out in two patients. In the course of the period of observation, 35% of the patients developed new radiation damage. The frequency in the basic material without fistulae was 21% (0.05fistulae in 25 patients, eight patients developed new fistulae, Significantly more patients with fistulae died of recurrence as compared with patients with other lesions (p<0.01). Defunctioning colostomy in the treatment of rectal fistula is a reasonable form of treatment in elderly patients and in case of recurrence. Younger patients should be assessed in a special department in view of the possibility of a sphincter-preserving procedure following resection of the rectum and restorative anastomosis. 11 refs.

  7. Report of a complete second branchial fistula.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Khan, Mohammad Habibullah

    2010-08-01

    We report a case of complete congenital branchial fistula with an internal opening near the tonsillar fossa. Cysts, fistulas, and sinuses of the second branchial cleft are the most common developmental anomalies arising from the branchial apparatus. In our case, a 43-year-old man presented with a several-year history of a discharging sinus from the right side of his neck, consistent with a branchial fistula. He underwent various investigations and finally was treated with a one-stage complete surgical excision of the fistula tract. We describe the general clinical presentation, investigations, and surgical outcome of this case.

  8. Role of transesophageal echocardiography in surgical retrieval of embolized amplatzer device and closure of coronary–cameral fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhupesh Kumar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital coronary artery fistula is an uncommon anomaly. Transcatheter coil embolization or Amplatzer vascular plug device closure of fistula is often done in symptomatic patients with safe accessibility to the feeding coronary artery. Embolization of Amplatzer vascular plug device is rare. We report an 11-year-old male child who presented to us with increasing shortness of breath for 7 years. He had a history of Amplatzer vascular plug device closure of right coronary–cameral fistula 8 years back. Echocardiography demonstrated a dilated aneurysmal right coronary artery with turbulent jet entering into the right ventricle (RV and device embolized into the left pulmonary artery (LPA. Cardiac catheterization eventually confirmed the diagnosis. Surgical closure of fistula and retrieval of device was done using cardiopulmonary bypass. Intraoperatively transesophageal echocardiogram helped in localizing fistula opening in the RV below the anterior leaflet of tricuspid valve, continuous monitoring to prevent further distal embolization of the device during surgical handling, and assessment of completeness of repair of the fistula and LPA following retrieval of the device.

  9. Robotic versus Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy: A Meta-Analysis of Short-Term Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jia-Yu; Xin, Chang; Mou, Yi-Ping; Xu, Xiao-Wu; Zhang, Miao-Zun; Zhou, Yu-Cheng; Lu, Chao; Chen, Rong-Gao

    2016-01-01

    To compare the safety and efficacy of robotic-assisted distal pancreatectomy (RADP) and laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP). A literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library database up to June 30, 2015 was performed. The following key words were used: pancreas, distal pancreatectomy, pancreatic, laparoscopic, laparoscopy, robotic, and robotic-assisted. Fixed and random effects models were applied. Study quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Seven non-randomized controlled trials involving 568 patients met the inclusion criteria. Compared with LDP, RADP was associated with longer operating time, lower estimated blood loss, a higher spleen-preservation rate, and shorter hospital stay. There was no significant difference in transfusion, conversion to open surgery, R0 resection rate, lymph nodes harvested, overall complications, severe complications, pancreatic fistula, severe pancreatic fistula, ICU stay, total cost, and 30-day mortality between the two groups. RADP is a safe and feasible alternative to LDP with regard to short-term outcomes. Further studies on the long-term outcomes of these surgical techniques are required. To date, there is no consensus on whether laparoscopic or robotic-assisted distal pancreatectomy is more beneficial to the patient. This is the first meta-analysis to compare laparoscopic and robotic-assisted distal pancreatectomy. We found that robotic-assisted distal pancreatectomy was associated with longer operating time, lower estimated blood loss, a higher spleen-preservation rate, and shorter hospital stay. There was no significant difference in transfusion, conversion to open surgery, overall complications, severe complications, pancreatic fistula, severe pancreatic fistula, ICU stay, total cost, and 30-day mortality between the two groups.

  10. Robotic versus Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy: A Meta-Analysis of Short-Term Outcomes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia-Yu Zhou

    Full Text Available To compare the safety and efficacy of robotic-assisted distal pancreatectomy (RADP and laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP.A literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library database up to June 30, 2015 was performed. The following key words were used: pancreas, distal pancreatectomy, pancreatic, laparoscopic, laparoscopy, robotic, and robotic-assisted. Fixed and random effects models were applied. Study quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.Seven non-randomized controlled trials involving 568 patients met the inclusion criteria. Compared with LDP, RADP was associated with longer operating time, lower estimated blood loss, a higher spleen-preservation rate, and shorter hospital stay. There was no significant difference in transfusion, conversion to open surgery, R0 resection rate, lymph nodes harvested, overall complications, severe complications, pancreatic fistula, severe pancreatic fistula, ICU stay, total cost, and 30-day mortality between the two groups.RADP is a safe and feasible alternative to LDP with regard to short-term outcomes. Further studies on the long-term outcomes of these surgical techniques are required.To date, there is no consensus on whether laparoscopic or robotic-assisted distal pancreatectomy is more beneficial to the patient. This is the first meta-analysis to compare laparoscopic and robotic-assisted distal pancreatectomy. We found that robotic-assisted distal pancreatectomy was associated with longer operating time, lower estimated blood loss, a higher spleen-preservation rate, and shorter hospital stay. There was no significant difference in transfusion, conversion to open surgery, overall complications, severe complications, pancreatic fistula, severe pancreatic fistula, ICU stay, total cost, and 30-day mortality between the two groups.

  11. Distal digital replantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jazayeri, Leila; Klausner, Jill Q; Chang, James

    2013-11-01

    Hand surgeons have been hesitant to perform distal digital replantation because of the technical challenges and the perception of a high cost-to-benefit ratio. Recent studies, however, have shown high survival rates and excellent functional and aesthetic results, providing renewed enthusiasm for distal replantation. The authors reviewed the literature and summarize key points regarding the surgical treatment, perioperative care, and outcomes of distal digital replantation. They describe specific techniques and considerations for surgical repair in each of four distal zones as described by Sebastin and Chung. Zone 1A replantation involves an artery-only anastomosis of a longitudinal pulp artery. Venous anastomosis first becomes possible in zone 1B. Zone 1C involves periarticular amputations where arthrodesis of the distal interphalangeal joint is usually indicated. Repair of the artery, vein, and nerve is technically optimal in zone 1D, where venous anastomosis should be performed. Overall, survival rates for distal digital replantation are similar to those reported for more proximal replantation. The literature reports good outcomes regarding nail salvage, fingertip sensibility, and range of motion, with restoration of length and aesthetic appearance. Distal replantation performed at institutions that specialize in microsurgery and specifically tailored to the level of injury is associated with good survival, function, and patient satisfaction and superior aesthetic outcome. More prospective data are needed to evaluate the cost of treatment, psychological outcomes, and functional outcomes of distal replantation compared with revision amputation.

  12. The Patency Rate of Arteriovenous Fistulas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aşkın Ender Topal

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this investigation is to determine the patency of thearteriovenous (A-V fistulas, created in patients with chronic renal failure, inthe early and late periods according to sex.The A-V fistulas created for hemodialisis were investigated retrospectively.Of 238 patients, there were 130 male.269 operations were made to 238 patients. Of these, 198 (73.6 % wereradiochephalic, 56 (20.8 % were brachiochephalic, 8 (3 % were brachiobasilicA-V fistulas. In 3 (1.1 % patients loop graft between brachial artery and vein,in 1 (0.37 % patient graft between radial artery and brachial vein, in 1 patientgraft between brachial artery and basilic vein, in 1 patient graft betweensuperficial femoral artery and saphenous vein were placed. Of 198radiochephalic A-V fistulas 24 (12.1 % in early period and 3 (1.5 % in lateperiod became inactive. Of 56 brachiochephalic A-V fistulas 4 (7.1 % and of 8brachiobasilic A-V fistulas 2 (25 % became unsuccessful in early period. 1 of 6A-V fistulas with prosthetic graft failed in late period because of thrombosis. Inradial level patency rate of A-V fistulas in females were lower than in males(82.3 %-89.8 %.The patency rate of A-V fistulas in radial and brachial levels were similar,but in radial level rate of successful of A-V fistulas decreased in femalesaccording to males. Use of graft in A-V fistula didn’t give superiority to A-Vfistulas without graft.

  13. Martius procedure revisited for urethrovaginal fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N P Rangnekar

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Urethrovaginal fistula is a dreadful com-plication of obstetric trauma due to prolonged labour or obstetric intervention commonly seen in developing coun-tries. Due to prolonged ischaemic changes, the fistula is resistant to healing. The strategic location of the fistula leads to postoperative impairment of continence mecha-nism. Anatomical repair was previously the commonest mode of surgical management, but was associated with a miserable cumulative cure rate ranging from 16-60%. Hence we tried to study the efficacy of Martius procedure in the management of urethrovaginal fistula. Material and Methods: We studied the outcome of 12 urethrovaginal fistulae, all caused by obstetric trauma, treated surgically with Martius procedure in 8 and with anatomical repair in 4, retrospectively. 9 patients had re-current fistulae while I patient had multiple fistulae. Pa-tients were followed up for the period ranging from 6 months to 4′/2 years for fistula healing, continence and postoperative complications like dvspareunia. Results: Cumulative cure rate ofMartius procedure was 87.5% with no postoperative stress incontinence, while fistula healing rate of anatomical repair was only 25% (I patient out of 4 which was also complicated by Intrin-sic Sphincter Deficiency (ISD. In case of recurrent fistu-lae the success rate of anatomical repair was 0% compared to 83.33% with Martius procedure. Conclusions: Martius procedure has shown much bet-ter overall cure rate compared to anatomical repair be-cause - a it provides better reinforcement to urethral suture line, b it provides better blood supply and lymph drainage to the ischaemic fistulous area, c provides sur-face for epithelialization and, d helps to maintain conti-nence. Hence we recommend Martius procedure as a surgical modality for the treatment of urethrovaginal fis-tula.

  14. Colopancreatic Fistula: An Uncommon Complication of Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Colonic complications, including colopancreatic fistulas (CPFs, are uncommon after acute and chronic pancreatitis. However, they have been reported and are serious. CPFs are less likely to close spontaneously and are associated with a higher risk of complications. Therefore, more definitive treatment is required that includes surgical and endoscopic options. We present a case of a 62-year-old male patient with a history of heavy alcohol intake and recurrent acute pancreatitis who presented with a 6-month history of watery diarrhea and abdominal pain. His abdominal imaging showed a possible connection between the colon and the pancreas. A further multidisciplinary workup by the gastroenterology and surgery teams, including endoscopic ultrasound, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and colonoscopy, resulted in a diagnosis of CPF. A distal pancreatectomy and left hemicolectomy were performed, and the diagnosis of CPF was confirmed intraoperatively. The patient showed improvement afterward.

  15. Traumatic Intrarenal Arteriovenous Fistula Treated by Conservative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1974-06-01

    Jun 1, 1974 ... with these vascular lesions.' Varela' in 1928 reported the first case of intrarenal arteriovenous fistula. Arteriovenous fistula of the kidney is an ... and penetrating abdominal trauma, this lesion will be encountered with increasing frequency. Selective renal artery catheterisation aids materially in making the.

  16. Cholecystoduodenal fistula in a porcelain gallbladder

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delpierre, I.; Tack, D.; Delcour, C. [Department of Radiology, CHU-Hopital Civil de Charleroi, 92 Boulevard Janson, 6000 Charleroi (Belgium); Moisse, R. [Department of Gastroenterology, CHU-Hopital Civil de Charleroi, 92 Boulevard Janson, 6000 Charleroi (Belgium); Boudaka, W. [Department of Surgery, CHU-Hopital Civil de Charleroi, 92 Boulevard Janson, 6000 Charleroi (Belgium)

    2002-09-01

    Calcification of the gallbladder wall (porcelain gallbladder) is rare. Its appearance is quite characteristic on plain films, ultrasonography and computed tomography. Sporadic cases of cholecystitis have been described in porcelain gallbladders. Enterobiliary fistula may complicate acute or chronic cholecystitis in non-calcified gallbladder. We report a unusual case of acute cholecystitis with cholecystoduodenal fistula in a porcelain gallbladder. (orig.)

  17. Urethrocutaneous fistula complicating circumcision in children ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: Urethrocutaneous fistula is an unusual but preventable complication following circumcision. We describe our experience with the management of this potentially challenging condition. Materials and Methods: We reviewed all patients who had surgical repair of post‑circumcision urethrocutaneous fistula from ...

  18. Hysterosalpingography in itrogenic uterine fistula | Nwankwo | West ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fistulae were found in the fornices of the patients and these were the openings through which the contrast refluxed into the vagina preventing demonstration of the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes. These fistulae were cannulated after using the volselum forceps to clip the anterior and posterior lips of the cervix. The uterine ...

  19. Analysis of genitourinary anomalies in patients with VACTERL (Vertebral anomalies, Anal atresia, Cardiac malformations, Tracheo-Esophageal fistula, Renal anomalies, Limb abnormalities) association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Benjamin D; Raam, Manu S; Pineda-Alvarez, Daniel E

    2011-06-01

    The goal of this study was to describe a novel pattern of genitourinary (GU) anomalies in VACTERL association,which involves congenital anomalies affecting the vertebrae,anus, heart, trachea and esophagus, kidneys, and limbs.We collected clinical data on 105 patients diagnosed with VACTERL association and analyzed a subset of 89 patients who met more stringent inclusion criteria. Twenty-one percent of patients have GU anomalies, which are more severe (but not more frequent) in females. Anomalies were noted in patients without malformations affecting the renal, lower vertebral, or lower gastrointestinal systems. There should be a high index of suspicion for the presence of GU anomalies even in patients who do not have spatially similar malformations.

  20. Physiologic assessment of coronary artery fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, N.C.; Beauvais, J. (Creighton Univ., Omaha, NE (USA))

    1991-01-01

    Coronary artery fistula is an uncommon clinical entity. The most common coronary artery fistula is from the right coronary artery to the right side of the heart, and it is less frequent to the pulmonary artery. The effect of a coronary artery fistula may be physiologically significant because of the steal phenomenon resulting in coronary ischemia. Based on published reports, it is recommended that patients with congenital coronary artery fistulas be considered candidates for elective surgical correction to prevent complications including development of congestive heart failure, angina, subacute bacterial endocarditis, myocardial infarction, and coronary aneurysm formation with rupture or embolization. A patient is presented in whom treadmill-exercise thallium imaging was effective in determining the degree of coronary steal from a coronary artery fistula, leading to successful corrective surgery.

  1. Physiologic assessment of coronary artery fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gupta, N.C.; Beauvais, J.

    1991-01-01

    Coronary artery fistula is an uncommon clinical entity. The most common coronary artery fistula is from the right coronary artery to the right side of the heart, and it is less frequent to the pulmonary artery. The effect of a coronary artery fistula may be physiologically significant because of the steal phenomenon resulting in coronary ischemia. Based on published reports, it is recommended that patients with congenital coronary artery fistulas be considered candidates for elective surgical correction to prevent complications including development of congestive heart failure, angina, subacute bacterial endocarditis, myocardial infarction, and coronary aneurysm formation with rupture or embolization. A patient is presented in whom treadmill-exercise thallium imaging was effective in determining the degree of coronary steal from a coronary artery fistula, leading to successful corrective surgery

  2. Milk Fistula: Diagnosis, Prevention, and Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Kelsey E; Valente, Stephanie A

    2016-01-01

    Milk fistula is an uncommon condition which occurs when there is an abnormal connection that forms between the skin surface and the duct in the breast of a lactating woman, resulting in spontaneous and often constant drainage of milk from this path of least resistance. A milk fistula is usually a complication that results from a needle biopsy or surgical intervention in a lactating patient. Here, the authors present an unusual case of a spontaneous milk fistula which developed from an abscess in the breast of a lactating woman. The patient initially presented to the office with a large open wound on her breast, formed from skin breakdown, within which milk was pooling. She was treated with local wound care and cessation of breastfeeding, with appropriate healing of the wound and closure of the fistula with 6 weeks. Diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of milk fistula were reviewed. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Case report: Primary aortosigmoid fistula

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khalaf, Chirin; Houlind, Kim Christian

    2017-01-01

    : Aortoenteric fistulas are more common secondary to previous vascular surgery of aorta, however, PAEF’s involve the sigmoid in only 2 %. Fistulization can be due to diverticulitis and can be difficult to diagnose. CONCLUSION: Retroperitoneal bleeding from the left iliac artery is more common due to a ruptured...... aneurism. This case, however, demonstrates a special PAEF formation as a very rare complication of diverticulitis. The pathophysiology of the PAEF is very unique along with the anatomic localization in the sigmoid colon and left external iliac artery....

  4. Aortoesophageal fistula in a child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shasanka Shekhar Panda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aortoesophageal fistulae (AEF are rare and are associated with very high mortality. Foreign body ingestions remain the commonest cause of AEF seen in children. However in a clinical setting of tuberculosis and massive upper GI bleed, an AEF secondary to tuberculosis should be kept in mind. An early strong clinical suspicion with good quality imaging and endoscopic evaluation and timely aggressive surgical intervention helps offer the best possible management for this life threatening disorder. Our case is a 10-year-old boy who presented to the pediatric emergency with massive bouts of haemetemesis and was investigated and managed by multidisciplinary team effort in the emergency setting.

  5. The Relationship Between Acoustic Signal Typing and Perceptual Evaluation of Tracheoesophageal Voice Quality for Sustained Vowels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clapham, Renee P; van As-Brooks, Corina J; van Son, Rob J J H; Hilgers, Frans J M; van den Brekel, Michiel W M

    2015-07-01

    To investigate the relationship between acoustic signal typing and perceptual evaluation of sustained vowels produced by tracheoesophageal (TE) speakers and the use of signal typing in the clinical setting. Two evaluators independently categorized 1.75-second segments of narrow-band spectrograms according to acoustic signal typing and independently evaluated the recording of the same segments on a visual analog scale according to overall perceptual acoustic voice quality. The relationship between acoustic signal typing and overall voice quality (as a continuous scale and as a four-point ordinal scale) was investigated and the proportion of inter-rater agreement as well as the reliability between the two measures is reported. The agreement between signal type (I-IV) and ordinal voice quality (four-point scale) was low but significant, and there was a significant linear relationship between the variables. Signal type correctly predicted less than half of the voice quality data. There was a significant main effect of signal type on continuous voice quality scores with significant differences in median quality scores between signal types I-IV, I-III, and I-II. Signal typing can be used as an adjunct to perceptual and acoustic evaluation of the same stimuli for TE speech as part of a multidimensional evaluation protocol. Signal typing in its current form provides limited predictive information on voice quality, and there is significant overlap between signal types II and III and perceptual categories. Future work should consider whether the current four signal types could be refined. Copyright © 2015 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Multiple anastomotic complications following repair of oesophageal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This report describes the clinical course and management of two children with multiple anastomotic complications following primary repair of oesophageal atresia (EA) with distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). These included anastomotic leak and stricture, oesophageal perforation during antegrade dilatation, and finally ...

  7. Giant distal humeral geode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maher, M.M.; Kennedy, J.; Hynes, D.; Murray, J.G.; O'Connell, D.

    2000-01-01

    We describe the imaging features of a giant geode of the distal humerus in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis, which presented initially as a pathological fracture. The value of magnetic resonance imaging in establishing this diagnosis is emphasized. (orig.)

  8. Gastro-tracheal fistula - unusual and life threatening complication after esophagectomy for cancer: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Droissart Raphaël

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A gastro-tracheal fistula following esophagectomy for cancer is a rare but potentially lethal complication. We report the successful surgical closure after failed endoscopic treatment, of a gastro-tracheal fistula following esophago-gastrectomy for cancer after induction chemo-radiotherapy. Case presentation A 58 year-old male patient presented with a distal third uT3N1 carcinoma of the esophagus. After induction chemo-radiotherapy, he underwent an esophago-gastrectomy with radical lymphadenectomy and reconstruction by gastric pull-up. Immediate postoperative outcome was uneventful. On the 15th postoperative day however, our patient was readmitted in the Intensive Care Unit with severe bilateral basal pneumonia. Three days later a gastro-tracheal fistula was diagnosed upon gastroscopy and bronchoscopy. His good general condition allowed for an endoscopic primary approach which consisted in the insertion of a covered stent in the trachea along with clipping and glueing of the gastric fistular orifice. Two attempts proved unsuccessful. Conclusion After several weeks of conservative measures, surgical re-intervention through a right thoracotomy with transection of the fistula and closure by primary interrupted sutures of both fistular orifices along with intercostal muscle flap interposition led to excellent patient outcome. Oral feeding was started and our patient was discharged.

  9. Fistula Fortnight: innovative partnership brings mass treatment and public awareness towards ending obstetric fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsey, K; Iliyasu, Z; Idoko, L

    2007-11-01

    As part of the global Campaign to End Fistula, the Fistula Fortnight, a 2-week mass obstetric fistula treatment project, was organized in northern Nigeria to contribute to reducing the backlog of untreated fistulas and raise awareness regarding obstetric fistulas and safe motherhood. An array of partners joined forces to provide free surgical treatment, strengthen the capacity of existing facilities to manage obstetric fistulas, and utilize media strategies to raise awareness. The Fistula Fortnight took place from February 21 to March 6, 2005, at 4 established fistula repair centers in the northern Nigeria states of Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, and Sokoto. A total of 569 women received treatment, with an 87.8% rate of successful closures. The highly publicized event also raised awareness on the issue of obstetric fistula and helped put a face to maternal deaths. The Fortnight, which required extensive and thoughtful planning involving many persons cognizant of health system and quality of care issues, was effective in drawing attention to the vast fistula problem and contributed to reducing the backlog of patients.

  10. Women's Intention to Prevent Vesico Vaginal Fistula Recurrence in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: The study purpose was to determine the association between intention to prevent Vesico-Vaginal Fistula recurrence and knowledge of the risk factors of Vesico Vaginal Fistula recurrence, attitude towards Vesico Vaginal Fistula prevention and self esteem among women with Vesico-Vaginal Fistula in two repair ...

  11. Women's Intention to prevent Vesico Vaginal Fistula recurrence in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Esem

    ABSTRACT. Objective: The study purpose was to determine the association between intention to prevent Vesico-Vaginal. Fistula recurrence and knowledge of the risk factors of. Vesico Vaginal Fistula recurrence, attitude towards. Vesico Vaginal Fistula prevention and self esteem among women with Vesico-Vaginal Fistula ...

  12. Distal driving of molar by smart distal-propeller appliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U H Vijayashree

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, maxillary molar distalization with noncompliance mechanics has been an increasingly popular method for the resolution of Class II malocclusion. This communication describes one particular molar distalizing appliance, the Smart distal-propeller appliance which is simple, inexpensive, easily fabricated that can be used for unilateral or bilateral molar distalization.

  13. Enterohepatic fistula in a Crohn's disease patient: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Backer, Justin T; Lee, Edward C

    2017-01-01

    Fistulous tracts are a hallmark of Crohn's Disease. However, solid organ to intestinal fistulas are rare with previously few case reports of colosplenic fistulas and one case report of an enterohepatic fistula. We review the available literature and present the first case report of an enterohepatic fistula in a female with Crohn's Disease to be treated operatively. The patient did well postoperatively with complete resolution of her fistula. Crohn's Disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that can present with fistulas. However, a fistula between the liver and bowel is exceedingly rare with only one previous case report. This is the first report of an enteroheptic fistula that has been managed successfully with an operation. Not all enteroenteric fistulas are apparent preoperatively. When discovered, laparoscopic enterohepatic fistula takedown is feasible for this rare disease process manifestation. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  14. Voice restoration following total laryngectomy by tracheoesophageal prosthesis: Effect on patients' quality of life and voice handicap in Jordan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wreikat Mahmoud M

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little has been reported about the impact of tracheoesophageal (TE speech on individuals in the Middle East where the procedure has been gaining in popularity. After total laryngectomy, individuals in Europe and North America have rated their quality of life as being lower than non-laryngectomized individuals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in quality of life and degree of voice handicap reported by laryngectomized speakers from Jordan before and after establishment of TE speech. Methods Twelve male Jordanian laryngectomees completed the University of Michigan Head & Neck Quality of Life instrument and the Voice Handicap Index pre- and post-TE puncture. Results All subjects showed significant improvements in their quality of life following successful prosthetic voice restoration. In addition, voice handicap scores were significantly reduced from pre- to post-TE puncture. Conclusion Tracheoesophageal speech significantly improved the quality of life and limited the voice handicap imposed by total laryngectomy. This method of voice restoration has been used for a number of years in other countries and now appears to be a viable alternative within Jordan.

  15. Enterovesical Fistulae: Aetiology, Imaging, and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Golabek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Study Objectives. Enterovesical fistula (EVF is a devastating complication of a variety of inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. Radiological imaging plays a vital role in the diagnosis of EVF and is indispensable to gastroenterologists and surgeons for choosing the correct therapeutic option. This paper provides an overview of the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae. The treatment of fistulae is also briefly discussed. Material and Methods. We performed a literature review by searching the Medline database for articles published from its inception until September 2013 based on clinical relevance. Electronic searches were limited to the keywords: “enterovesical fistula,” “colovesical fistula” (CVF, “pelvic fistula”, and “urinary fistula”. Results. EVF is a rare pathology. Diverticulitis is the commonest aetiology. Over two-thirds of affected patients describe pathognomonic features of pneumaturia, fecaluria, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Computed tomography is the modality of choice for the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae as not only does it detect a fistula, but it also provides information about the surrounding anatomical structures. Conclusions. In the vast majority of cases, this condition is diagnosed because of unremitting urinary symptoms after gastroenterologist follow-up procedures for a diverticulitis or bowel inflammatory disease. Computed tomography is the most sensitive test for enterovesical fistula.

  16. Causes and management of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Memon, A.S.; Siddiqui, F.G

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To identify the causes of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas and to evaluate the results of conservative and operative treatment including the effectiveness of octreotide in the management of these fistulas. Subjects and Methods: Forty patients with postoperative fistula were studied. Demographic variables, causes and management outcome was observed and recorded. Results: There were 25 males and 15 females with 50% of the patients being in age group of 21-30 years. Emergency surgery for typhoid perforation(45%) and intestinal tuberculosis (30%) were the commonest causes. Ileum and jejunum were the commonest sites of fistulation found in 85% cases. Twenty-one patients were started on conservative treatment with spontaneous closure occurring in 15 (71.4%) patients. Nineteen patients were operated within three days of admission due to generalized peritonitis (73.7%) and local intra-abdominal collections (26.3%). Wound infection was the commonest complication in the operative group. The mortality rate in this series was 7.5%. All the deaths occurred following surgery. Conclusion: Postoperative enterocutaneous fistula has a high morbidity and a significant mortality. Sepsis in the peritoneal cavity is the major cause of mortality. Conservative treatment has a good outcome for these fistulas. The use of octreotide is highly recommended as it definitely converts high output fistulas to low output fistulas. (author)

  17. Post-traumatic recto-spinal fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lantsberg, L.; Greenberg, G.; Laufer, L.; Hertzanu, Y.

    2000-01-01

    Acquired recto-spinal fistula has been described elsewhere as a rare complication of colorectal malignancy and Crohn's enterocolitis. We treated a young man who developed a recto-spinal fistula as a result of a high fall injury. The patient presented with meningeal signs, sepsis and perianal laceration. Computerized axial tomography revealed air in the supersellar cistern. Gastrografin enema showed that contrast material was leaking from the rectum into the spinal canal. Surgical management included a diverting sigmoid colostomy, sacral bone curettage and wide presacral drainage. To the best of our knowledge, rectospinal fistula of traumatic origin has not been previously reported in the English literature. (orig.)

  18. Transarterial balloon-assisted glue embolization of high-flow arteriovenous fistulas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andreou, Alexander; Ioannidis, Ioannis; Nasis, Nickolaos

    2008-01-01

    We report here our experience in treating high-flow arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) of the brain and spine using balloon-assisted glue injection. During a 3-year period (2003-2005) five patients with high-flow AVFs were treated at our hospital using transarterial balloon-assisted glue injection. There were two pial AVFs, one dural AVF, one vein of Galen malformation and one perimedullary AVF of the cervical spine. All patients were clinically followed-up for 12-48 months. Immediate angiographic obliteration was achieved in all patients. The fistulas remained closed in all patients, as ascertained by follow up-angiograms. No new neurological deficits related to the procedure were detected. Clinically, one patient with severe pre-treatment neurological deficit experienced excellent recovery. Transarterial balloon-assisted glue embolization of high-flow AVFs is a feasible and efficient treatment. This technique affords more control in the glue injection and minimizes the risk of distal embolization. (orig.)

  19. Bilateral Double Ureters with Bladder Neck Diverticulum in a Nigerian Woman Masquerading as an Obstetric Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imran O. Morhason-Bello

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A 43-year-old woman presented with 20-year history of leakage of urine per vaginam. She had one failed repair attempt. Pelvic examination with dye test showed leakage of clear urine suggestive of ureterovaginal fistula. The preoperative intravenous urogram revealed duplex ureter and cystoscopy showed normally cited ureteric orifices with two other ectopic ureteric openings and bladder diverticula. The definitive surgery performed was ureteric reimplantation (ureteroneocystostomy of the two distal ureteric to 2 cm superiolateral to the two normal orifices and diverticuloplasty. There was resolution of urinary incontinence after surgery. Three months after surgery, she had urodynamic testing done (cystometry, which showed 220 mLs with no signs of instability or leakage during filling phase but leaked on coughing at maximal bladder capacity. This is to showcase some diagnostic dilemma that could arise with obstetric fistula, which is generally diagnosed by clinical assessment.

  20. Bilateral double ureters with bladder neck diverticulum in a nigerian woman masquerading as an obstetric fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morhason-Bello, Imran O; Adebayo, Sikiru A; Abdusalam, Rukiyat A; Bello, Oluwasomidoyin O; Odubamowo, Kehinde H; Lawal, Olatunji O; Olapade-Olaopa, E Oluwabunmi; Ojengbede, Oladosu A

    2014-01-01

    A 43-year-old woman presented with 20-year history of leakage of urine per vaginam. She had one failed repair attempt. Pelvic examination with dye test showed leakage of clear urine suggestive of ureterovaginal fistula. The preoperative intravenous urogram revealed duplex ureter and cystoscopy showed normally cited ureteric orifices with two other ectopic ureteric openings and bladder diverticula. The definitive surgery performed was ureteric reimplantation (ureteroneocystostomy) of the two distal ureteric to 2 cm superiolateral to the two normal orifices and diverticuloplasty. There was resolution of urinary incontinence after surgery. Three months after surgery, she had urodynamic testing done (cystometry), which showed 220 mLs with no signs of instability or leakage during filling phase but leaked on coughing at maximal bladder capacity. This is to showcase some diagnostic dilemma that could arise with obstetric fistula, which is generally diagnosed by clinical assessment.

  1. [Surgical treatment of the perianal and rectovaginal fistulas by means of Surgisis AFP anal fistula plug].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaramov, N; Sokolov, M; Angelov, K; Petrov, B; Pavlov, V

    2010-01-01

    Symptoms of painful and uncomfortably occurred in patients with anal and rectovaginal fistulas witch worsened their quality of life. The introduce of Biodesign Fistula Plug is called "dramatic jump in surgery of the fistulas". We can avoid from the traditionally and technicaly difficult treatment of perianal and rectovaginal fistulas through this advice. Therefore like this surgeons can avert frequently complications of the anal sphyncteric apparatus like incontinence or stenosis. We have only two cases like attempt for now but with excellent result followed up about 31 and 33 months.

  2. Roux-en-Y drainage of a pancreatic fistula for disconnected pancreatic duct syndrome after acute necrotizing pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Erik G; Scaife, Courtney L; Mulvihill, Sean J; Glasgow, Robert E

    2012-01-01

    After acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP), a pancreatic fistula may occur from disconnected pancreatic duct syndrome (DPDS) where a segment of the pancreas is no longer in continuity with the main pancreatic duct. To study the outcome of patients treated using Roux-Y pancreatic fistula tract-jejunostomy for DPDS after ANP. Between 2002 and 2011, patients treated for DPDS in the setting of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or magnetic resonance cholangiopanreatography (MRCP) documented main pancreatic duct disruption with Roux-Y pancreatic fistula tract-jejunostomy. In all, seven patients with DPDS were treated. The median age was 62 years (range 49-78) and five were men. The cause of ANP was gallstones (2), alcohol (1), ERCP (1) and idiopathic (3). Pancreatic necrosectomy was done in six patients. Time from onset of pancreatitis to fistula drainage was 270 days (164-365). Pancreatic fistulae arose from DPDS in the head/neck (4) and body/tail (3). Patients had a median fistula output of 140 ml (100-200) per day before surgery. The median operative time was 142 min (75-367) and estimated blood loss was 150 ml (25 to 500). Patients began an oral diet on post-operative day 4 (3-6) and were hospitalized for a median of 7 days (5-12). The median follow-up was 264 days (29-740). Subsequently, one patient required a distal pancreatectomy. After surgery, three patients required oral hypoglycaemics. No patient developed pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. Internal surgical drainage using Roux-en-Y pancreatic fistula tract-jejunostomy is a safe and definitive treatment for patients with DPDS. © 2011 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association.

  3. Gastrojejunocolic fistula after gastrojejunostomy: a case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Jin-Ming

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Gastrojejunocolic (GJC fistulae represent a significant post-surgical cause of morbidity and mortality. GJC fistulae represent rare post-surgical complications, and most are associated with gastric surgery. In the past, this complication has been under-recognized because a fistula may form years after surgery. Case presentation We describe two cases of gastrojejunocolic fistula in men aged 67 and 60 who both initially presented with watery diarrhea and weight loss. Upper GI studies with small bowel follow-through or barium contrast enema studies allowed a conclusive diagnosis to be made. Both patients underwent one-stage en bloc resection, and their postoperative course was uneventful. Conclusion With surgery, this condition is entirely correctable. Pre-operative nutritional status should be evaluated in patients undergoing corrective surgery, and total parenteral nutrition plays a major role in the provision of bowel rest to allow recovery in malnourished patients.

  4. CT in the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goldman, S.M.; Fishman, E.K.; Gatewood, O.M.B.; Jones, B.; Siegelman, S.S.

    1985-01-01

    Enterovesical fistulae are difficult to demonstrate by conventional radiographic methods. Computed tomography (CT), a sensitive, noninvasive method of documenting the presence of such fistulae, is unique in its ability to outline the extravesical component of the primary disease process. Twenty enterovesical fistulae identified by CT were caused by diverticulitis (nine), carcinoma of the rectosigmoid (two), Crohn disease (three), gynecologic tumors (two), bladder cancer (one), cecal carcinoma (one), prostatic neoplasia (one), and appendiceal abscess (one). The CT findings included intravesical air (90%), passage of orally or rectally administered contrast medium into the bladder (20%), focal bladder-wall thickening (90%), thickening of adjacent bowel wall (85%), and an extraluminal mass that often contained air (75%). CT proved to be an important new method in the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae

  5. CT in the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldman, S.M.; Fishman, E.K.; Gatewood, O.M.B.; Jones, B.; Siegelman, S.S.

    1985-06-01

    Enterovesical fistulae are difficult to demonstrate by conventional radiographic methods. Computed tomography (CT), a sensitive, noninvasive method of documenting the presence of such fistulae, is unique in its ability to outline the extravesical component of the primary disease process. Twenty enterovesical fistulae identified by CT were caused by diverticulitis (nine), carcinoma of the rectosigmoid (two), Crohn disease (three), gynecologic tumors (two), bladder cancer (one), cecal carcinoma (one), prostatic neoplasia (one), and appendiceal abscess (one). The CT findings included intravesical air (90%), passage of orally or rectally administered contrast medium into the bladder (20%), focal bladder-wall thickening (90%), thickening of adjacent bowel wall (85%), and an extraluminal mass that often contained air (75%). CT proved to be an important new method in the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae.

  6. MR findings in traumatic cerebrospinal fluid fistulae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fortuny, M.E.; Molina Ferrer, L.; Ferreyra, M.; D'Agustini, M.

    2000-01-01

    Purpose: CSF fistulae represent the 4%-8% of complications after a serious encephalocranial trauma in the infant population. The experience in 3 patients using MRI with Spin-Eco T2 and Cine-GRE sequences is presented. Material and method: Three male patients 6, 11 and 13 years old were studied, who presented encephalocranial trauma and the common complication was Diplococcus Pneumoniae meningitis. They were studied in a 0.5 T equipment with FSE T2 multiplanar sequences with 3 mm slice thickness and Cine-GRE also 3 mm in four phases of 16 images each. Results: Multiple fistulas were found in the temporomastoidic region in two patients. In one case MRI showed only one fistula though the cribiform plate of the ethmoid bone. Conclusions: MRI is a highly reliable method for CSF fistula detection in patients with encephalocranial trauma. FSE-T2-weighted images and Cine-GRE are sensitive sequences. (author)

  7. Treatment of radiation-induced vesicovaginal fistulae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parm Ulhoei, B.; rosgaard, A.; Harling, H.

    1994-01-01

    The records of 23 patients with vesicovaginal fistulae (VVF) probably caused by irradiation treatment for cancer of the uterine cervix were analyzed. The median latency between irradiation and fistula formation was 17 years. Ten patients had histologically verified cancer recurrence besides a VVF. In addition, nine patients had a rectovaginal- and one an ileovaginal fistula. Twelve patients were treated primarily with ureteroileocutaneostomy a.m. Bricker. Six had bladder drainage, and four of these had ureteroileocutaneostomy performed at a later stage. Four patients initially underwent percutaneous nephrostomy. One patients had a unilateral ureteroileocutaneostomy performed. Eight patients are alive today (median observation time 2.5 years), and all of these had had ureteroileocutaneostomy performed. Three of these patients (39%) were completely relieved of symptoms while the rest occasionally experienced pain, vaginal discharge and bladder empyema. We conclude that ureteroilocutaneostomy a.m. Bricker is a satisfactory procedure for vesicovaginal fistulae because the socially incapacitating symptoms disappear or are considerably diminished. (au) (9 refs.)

  8. An uncommon case of neck fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, S; Das, S; Khan, J A; Bhattacharya, R N

    2003-01-01

    Congenital fistulae of the neck are branchial in origin and of these 2nd arch fistula is by far the most common, 3rd and 4th arch fistulae being very rare. Here, a case of fistula present since birth and extending from the neck, near the midline to the alveololingual sulcus, considered very rare, is presented. The patient was a 32-year-old male having sticky discharge through an opening in the upper part of the neck. Examination revealed an opening of approximately 1 mm diameter about 1 cm to the left of the midline just above the hyoid bone. A sinogram revealed a fistulous linear tract communicating with the oral cavity. Surgery was undertaken and the fistulous tract was excised.

  9. Bronchobiliary Fistula Evaluated with Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ragozzino, A.; Rosa, R. De; Galdiero, R.; Maio, A.; Manes, G.

    2005-01-01

    Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF) is a rare disorder consisting of a passageway between the biliary ducts and the bronchial tree. Many conditions may give rise to this development. Management of these fistulas is often difficult and can be associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. We present a case of BBF developing after hemihepatectomy in a 74-year-old man treated with endoscopic biliary drainage and illustrate MRCP findings

  10. Double pylorus through antrobulbar fistula formation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hermanns, P.M.; Iben, G.; Ostermann, E.; Vogel, H.; Hamburg Univ.

    1980-01-01

    Three patients are presented with double pylori due to antrobulbary fistulas after penetration of ulcers through the prepyloric mucosa or the pyloric ring. Two cases were diagnosed radiographically; in one of them the diagnosis was confirmed by gastroscopy and verified by subsequent operation. The third case was revealed at autopsy. The etiology and pathogenesis of fistulas within the gastrointestinal tract are discussed with regard to the current literature. (orig.) [de

  11. MRI IN THE EVALUATION OF PERIANAL FISTULAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gururaj

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Perianal fistulae though uncommon , can be quite distressing to the patient. Correct surgical management requires accurate pre - operative assessment and grading of this condition. MRI is now considered the modality of choice in the pre - operative assessment of perianal fistulae. We did a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent MR imaging for perianal fistulae in our institution , and compared it with the surg ical findings. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of MRI in the pre - operative grading of perianal fistulae. A total of 32 patients were included in this study. Of these , 12(37% had type 1 intersphincteric , 8(25% had type 2 intersphincteric , 6(18% had type 3 transsphincteric , 4(12% had type 4 transphincteric , and 2(6% showed supra - levator extension. MRI was able to correctly grade the fistulous tract in 30 of these 32 patients , giving an accuracy of 94%. MRI was found to b e extremely useful in the pre - operative assessment of perianal fistulae. It helps in correctly classifying the fistulae and to detect hidden or deep seated tracts or abscesses which would have been otherwise missed. Thus , it is useful in selecting the most appropriate surgical procedure , thereby reducing the chances of recurrence and to avoid complications such as fecal incontinence from occurring.

  12. Spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquardt, Shelly A; Rochat, Mark C; Johnson-Neitman, Jennifer L

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this case report was to describe the surgical correction of a cholecystocutaneous fistula in a dog. A 6 yr old Vizsla presented with a 2 mo history of a chronic draining wound on the right ventral thorax. Diagnostics revealed numerous fistulous tracts opening at a single site on the right ventrolateral chest wall, extending caudodorsally through the chest wall and diaphragm to the region of the right medial liver lobe. Exploratory laparotomy revealed the apex of the gallbladder adhered to the diaphragm with a tract of fibrous tissue extending along the diaphragm laterally to the right thoracic wall. Cholecystectomy was performed. The fistulous tract was incised to expose the lumen of the fistula, and the fistula was omentalized. Twenty-eight months after surgery, the dog had had no recurrence of the fistulous tract. Exploratory laparotomy allowed excellent visualization of the intra-abdominal path of the fistula and facilitated the ease of resection of the source. Cholecystectomy resulted in rapid and complete resolution of the fistula without the need for excision of the fistula. Although rare, gallbladder disease should be a differential for chronic fistulous tracts.

  13. Hemodynamic Simulations in Dialysis Access Fistulae

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGah, Patrick; Leotta, Daniel; Beach, Kirk; Riley, James; Aliseda, Alberto

    2010-11-01

    Arteriovenous fistulae are created surgically to provide adequate access for dialysis in patients with End-Stage Renal Disease. It has long been hypothesized that the hemodynamic and mechanical forces (such as wall shear stress, wall stretch, or flow- induced wall vibrations) constitute the primary external influence on the remodeling process. Given that nearly 50% of fistulae fail after one year, understanding fistulae hemodynamics is an important step toward improving patency in the clinic. We perform numerical simulations of the flow in patient-specific models of AV fistulae reconstructed from 3D ultrasound scans with physiologically-realistic boundary conditions also obtained from Doppler ultrasound. Comparison of the flow features in different geometries and configurations e.g. end-to-side vs. side-to-side, with the in vivo longitudinal outcomes will allow us to hypothesize which flow conditions are conducive to fistulae success or failure. The flow inertia and pulsatility in the simulations (mean Re 700, max Re 2000, Wo 4) give rise to complex secondary flows and coherent vortices, further complicating the spatio- temporal variability of the wall pressure and shear stresses. Even in mature fistulae, the anastomotic regions are subjected to non-physiological shear stresses (>10.12pcPa) which may potentially lead to complications.

  14. Post-ERCP pancreatogastric fistula associated with an intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas – a case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuda Yoshikazu

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fistula formation has been reported in intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs with or without invasion of the adjacent organs. The presence or absence of invasion is mostly determined by postoperative histological examination rather than by preoperative work-up. Case presentation A 72 year-old Japanese woman showed remarkable dilatation of the main pancreatic duct (MPD in the distal region of the pancreas. Subsequent ERCP also showed MPD dilatation, after which the patient suffered moderate pancreatitis. A subsequent gastroscopy revealed a small ulceration that had not been observed in a gastroscopy performed 3 months prior. Mucinous discharge from the ulceration suggested it might be the orifice of a fistula connected to the MPD. En bloc resection including the distal region of the pancreas, spleen, stomach and part of the transverse colon was performed under the pre- and intraoperative diagnosis of an invasive malignant IPMN. However, histopathology revealed the lesion to be of "borderline malignancy" without apparent invasion of the stomach. Light microscopy showed inflammatory cellular infiltrates (mainly neutrophils around the pancreatogastric fistula, but there was no evidence of neoplastic epithelia lining the fistulous tract. Conclusion This case highlights that a pancreatogastric fistula can develop after acute inflammation of the pancreas in the absence of cancer invasion. Further information regarding IPMN-associated fistulae is necessary to clarify the pathogenesis, diagnosis, appropriate surgical intervention and prognosis for this disorder.

  15. Technical Aspects of Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy for Benign and Malignant Disease: Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Rooij, T.; Sitarz, R.; Busch, O. R.; Besselink, M. G.; Abu Hilal, M.

    2015-01-01

    Distal pancreatectomy is the standard curative treatment for symptomatic benign, premalignant, and malignant disease of the pancreatic body and tail. The most obvious benefits of a laparoscopic approach to distal pancreatectomy include earlier recovery and shorter hospital stay. Spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy should be attempted in case of benign disease. Spleen preservation can be achieved preferably by preserving the splenic vessels (Kimura technique), but also by resecting the splenic vessels and maintaining vascularity through the short gastric vessels and left gastroepiploic artery (Warshaw technique). Several studies have suggested a higher rate of spleen preservation with laparoscopy. The radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy has become mainstay for treating pancreatic cancer and can be performed laparoscopically as well. Evidence on the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for cancer is scarce. Despite the obvious advantages of laparoscopic surgery, postoperative morbidity remains relatively high, mainly because of the high incidence of pancreatic fistula. For decades, surgeons have tried to prevent these fistulas but to date no strategy has been confirmed to be effective in 2 consecutive randomized studies. Pragmatic multicenter studies focusing on technical aspects of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy are lacking and should be encouraged. PMID:26240565

  16. Technical Aspects of Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy for Benign and Malignant Disease: Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. de Rooij

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Distal pancreatectomy is the standard curative treatment for symptomatic benign, premalignant, and malignant disease of the pancreatic body and tail. The most obvious benefits of a laparoscopic approach to distal pancreatectomy include earlier recovery and shorter hospital stay. Spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy should be attempted in case of benign disease. Spleen preservation can be achieved preferably by preserving the splenic vessels (Kimura technique, but also by resecting the splenic vessels and maintaining vascularity through the short gastric vessels and left gastroepiploic artery (Warshaw technique. Several studies have suggested a higher rate of spleen preservation with laparoscopy. The radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy has become mainstay for treating pancreatic cancer and can be performed laparoscopically as well. Evidence on the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for cancer is scarce. Despite the obvious advantages of laparoscopic surgery, postoperative morbidity remains relatively high, mainly because of the high incidence of pancreatic fistula. For decades, surgeons have tried to prevent these fistulas but to date no strategy has been confirmed to be effective in 2 consecutive randomized studies. Pragmatic multicenter studies focusing on technical aspects of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy are lacking and should be encouraged.

  17. Distal renal tubular acidosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue Wilson disease , an inherited disorder in which there is too much copper in the body's tissues Use of certain medicines, such as amphotericin B, lithium, and analgesics Symptoms Symptoms of distal renal tubular acidosis include any ...

  18. Endovascular Management of Acute Bleeding Arterioenteric Fistulas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leonhardt, Henrik; Mellander, Stefan; Snygg, Johan; Loenn, Lars

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered

  19. Cure and prevention strategy for postoperative gastrointestinal fistula after esophageal and gastric cardiac cancer surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Youkui; Zhao, Hui; Xu, HongRui; Liu, Shuzhong; Li, Li; Jiang, Chunyang; Yang, Bingjun

    2014-01-01

    Gastrointestinal fistula is the most serious complication of esophageal and gastric cardiac cancer surgery. According to occurrence of organ, gastrointestinal fistula can be divided into anastomotic fistula, gastric fistula; According to occurrence site, fistula can be divided into cervical fistula, thoracic fistula; According to time of occurrence, can be divided into early, middle and late fistula. There are special types of fistula including ‘thoracic cavity’-stomach-bronchial fistula, ‘thoracic cavity’-stomach-aortic fistula. Early diagnosis needs familiarity with various types of clinical gastrointestinal fistulas. However, Prevention of gastrointestinal fistula is better than cure, including perioperative nutritional support, respiratory tract management, and acid suppression, positive treatment of complications, antibiotic prophylaxis, and gastrointestinal decompression and eating timing. Prevention can effectively reduce the incidence of postoperative gastrointestinal fistula. Collectively, early diagnosis and treatment, nutritional supports are key to reducing mortality of gastrointestinal fistula.

  20. Imaging diagnosis of dural and direct cavernous carotid fistulae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Daniela dos; Monsignore, Lucas Moretti; Nakiri, Guilherme Seizem; Cruz, Antonio Augusto Velasco e; Colli, Benedicto Oscar; Abud, Daniel Giansante, E-mail: danisantos2404@gmail.com [Universidade de Sao Paulo (HCFMRP/USP), Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Hospital das Clinicas

    2014-07-15

    Arteriovenous fistulae of the cavernous sinus are rare and difficult to diagnose. They are classified into dural cavernous sinus fistulae or direct carotid-cavernous fistulae. Despite the similarity of symptoms between both types, a precise diagnosis is essential since the treatment is specific for each type of fistula. Imaging findings are remarkably similar in both dural cavernous sinus fistulae and carotid-cavernous fistulae, but it is possible to differentiate one type from the other. Amongst the available imaging methods (Doppler ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography), angiography is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis and classification of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. The present essay is aimed at didactically presenting the classification and imaging findings of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. (author)

  1. Distal finger replantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheker, Luis R; Becker, Giles W

    2011-03-01

    Reconstruction of the fingertip distal to the flexor tendon insertion by replantation remains controversial and technically challenging, but the anatomy of the fingertip has been well described and provides help in surgical planning. The open-book surgical technique is described with potential complications and is illustrated with clinical cases. Copyright © 2011 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Distal biceps tendon rupture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savvidou, Olga D; Papagelopoulos, Panayiotis J; Mavrogenis, Andreas F; Partsinevelos, Antonios A; Karadimas, Evangelos J; Korres, Demetrios S

    2004-09-01

    The authors report a rupture of the distal tendon of biceps brachii in a 42-year-old athlete. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the injury. Early surgical repair was performed by reinsertion of the tendon on the radial tuberosity according to modified Boyd-Anderson technique. Indomethacin was administered prophylactically. No complications were noted. At the latest follow-up, the patient had full elbow range of motion and participated successfully in athletic activities and job.

  3. Lacrimal Gland Fistula following Severe Head Trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cemil Demir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We aim to present a unique case with discharging lacrimal gland fistula secondary to severe head trauma by an animal. A 9-year-old girl presented with serous fluid discharge from a cutaneous fistula in the left orbital region. The patient had history of surgery for traumatic frontal bone fracture and skin laceration in the superior orbital rim three weeks earlier. She underwent a complete ophthalmological examination and there was no anterior segment or fundus pathology. The orifice of the fistula was detected in mediolateral part of the left superior orbital rim and fluid secretion was increasing with irritation of the left eye. Neurosurgical complications were excluded and radiological assessment was nonremarkable. The patient’s legal representatives were informed and lacrimal gland fistulectomy was planned. However, the fistula was self-closed one week after initial ophthalmological examination, and the patient had no symptoms. In conclusion, traumatic injuries of superior orbital region should be carefully evaluated and wounds should be well closed to prevent consecutive lacrimal gland fistula.

  4. A comparison between robotic-assisted laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy versus laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, Brian K P; Chan, Chung Yip; Soh, Hui-Ling; Lee, Ser Yee; Cheow, Peng-Chung; Chow, Pierce K H; Ooi, London L P J; Chung, Alexander Y F

    2017-03-01

    This study aims to compare the early perioperative outcomes of robotic-assisted laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (RDP) versus laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP). The clinicopathologic features of 45 consecutive patients who underwent minimally-invasive distal pancreatectomy from 2006 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-nine patients who met our study criteria were included. Eight patients underwent RDP and 31 had LDP. There were 10 (25.6%) open conversions. Six (15.4%) patients had major (> grade 2) morbidities and there was no in-hospital mortality. There were 14 (35.9%) grade A and 9 (23.1%) grade B pancreatic fistulas. Comparison between RDP and LDP demonstrated no significant difference between the patients' baseline characteristics except there was increased frequency of spleen-preserving pancreatectomies (3 (37.5%) vs 25 (80.6%), P=0.016) and splenic-vessel preservation (5 (62.5%) vs 4 (12.9%), P=0.003) in RDP. Comparison between outcomes demonstrated that RDP was associated with a longer median operation time (452.5 (range, 300-685) vs 245 min (range, 85-430), P=0.001) and increased frequency of the procedure completed purely laparoscopically (8 (100%) vs 18 (58.1%), P=0.025). RDP can be safely adopted and is equivalent to LDP in most perioperative outcomes. It is also associated with a decreased frequency of the need for hand-assistance laparoscopic surgery or open conversion but needed a longer operation time. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  5. Three Vessel Coronary Cameral Fistulae Associated with New Onset Atrial Fibrillation and Angina Pectoris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Yuksel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary cameral fistulas are abnormal communications between a coronary artery and a heart chamber or a great vessel which are reported in less than 0.1% of patients undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography. All three major coronary arteries are even less frequently involved in fistula formation as it is the case in our patient. A 68-year-old woman was admitted to cardiology clinic with complaints of exertional dyspnea and angina for two years and a new onset palpitation. Standard 12-lead electrocardiogram revealed atrial fibrillation (AF with a ventricular rate of 114 beat/minute and accompanying T wave abnormalities and minimal ST-depression on lateral derivations. Transthoracic echocardiographic examination was normal except for diastolic dysfunction, minimally mitral regurgitation, and mild to moderate enlargement of the left atrium. Sinus rhythm was achieved by medical cardioversion with amiodarone infusion. Coronary angiography revealed diffuse and multiple coronary-left ventricle fistulas originating from the distal segments of both left and right coronary arterial systems without any stenosis in epicardial coronary arteries. The patient’s symptoms resolved almost completely with medical therapy. High volume shunts via coronary artery to left ventricular microfistulas may lead to increased volume overload and subsequent increase in end-diastolic pressure of the left ventricle and may cause left atrial enlargement.

  6. Gastrocolic fistula secondary to adenocarcinoma of the transverse colon: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vergara-Fernández, Omar; Gutiérrez-Grobe, Ylse; Lavenant-Borja, María; Rojas, Carlos; Méndez-Sánchez, Nahum

    2015-10-27

    Gastrocolic fistula is a rare complication of adenocarcinoma of the colon. Despite radical resections, these patients usually have a poor prognosis with a mean survival of 23 months and long-term survival is rarely reported. A 48-year-old Latino-American man presented with watery diarrhea, diffuse abdominal pain and weight loss for 3 months. A computed tomography scan revealed a mass in the splenic flexure that had infiltrated his stomach and diaphragm. Panendoscopy and colonoscopy confirmed the presence of a fistula between the distal transverse colon and the stomach, which was secondary to a colon cancer. His colon, stomach and left diaphragm were resected en bloc. A histological examination revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the colon that had infiltrated the full width of the gastric wall with 37 negative lymph nodes and clear surgical margins. Adjuvant chemotherapy with capecitabine and oxaliplatin was administered after surgery. Our patient is alive and without any recurrence 5 years after surgery. En bloc resection with adjuvant chemotherapy offers the best treatment option for gastrocolic fistulas. This is one of the patients with greater survival reported in the medical literature.

  7. High resolution MRI for preoperative work-up of neonates with an anorectal malformation: a direct comparison with distal pressure colostography/fistulography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomeer, Maarten G. [Erasmus MC, Department of Radiology, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Devos, Annick; Lequin, Maarten; Graaf, Nanko de; Meradji, Morteza [Erasmus MC, Department of Pediatric Radiology, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Meeussen, Conny J.H.M.; Blaauw, Ivo de; Sloots, Cornelius E.J. [Erasmus MC, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2015-12-15

    To compare MRI and colostography/fistulography in neonates with anorectal malformations (ARM), using surgery as reference standard. Thirty-three neonates (22 boys) with ARM were included. All patients underwent both preoperative high-resolution MRI (without sedation or contrast instillation) and colostography/fistulography. The Krickenbeck classification was used to classify anorectal malformations, and the level of the rectal ending in relation to the levator muscle was evaluated. Subjects included nine patients with a bulbar recto-urethral fistula, six with a prostatic recto-urethral fistula, five with a vestibular fistula, five with a cloacal malformation, four without fistula, one with a H-type fistula, one with anal stenosis, one with a rectoperineal fistula and one with a bladderneck fistula. MRI and colostography/fistulography predicted anatomy in 88 % (29/33) and 61 % (20/33) of cases, respectively (p = 0.012). The distal end of the rectal pouch was correctly predicted in 88 % (29/33) and 67 % (22/33) of cases, respectively (p = 0.065). The length of the common channel in cloacal malformation was predicted with MRI in all (100 %, 5/5) and in 80 % of cases (4/5) with colostography/fistulography. Two bowel perforations occurred during colostography/fistulography. MRI provides the most accurate evaluation of ARM and should be considered a serious alternative to colostography/fistulography during preoperative work-up. (orig.)

  8. Tunica vaginalis: An aid in hypospadias fistula repair: Our ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Urethrocutaneous fistula is the most common complication of hypospadias surgery. The correction of such fistula is associated with a failure rate of 10 to 40%. The step in successful repair of a fistula is separation of the suture lines in the urethra and skin using well vascularized elastic tissue. We report our ...

  9. A simple procedure for management of urethrocutaneous fistulas ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Midline relaxing incision was used for large fistulas and then covered with a vascularised flap dartos-based flap [flip flap] in 19 and tunica vaginalis in 16. If a patient had more than one small fistula adjacent to each other, they were joined into a large single fistula and then repaired. Results: We have successfully repaired all ...

  10. Post-Anastomotic Enterocutaneous Fistulas: Associated Factors and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    after gut resection and anastomosis and explored those related to spontaneous closure of the fistulas. Objective. To determine the factors associated with the occurrence and spontane- ous closure of enterocutaneous fistulas. Design. A retrospective, hospital-based study of patients who developed enterocutaneous fistulas ...

  11. An Experience in Arterio-Venous Fistula creation for Chronic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Obtaining a vascular access for haemodialysis is very vital in the long-term management of patients with end-age renal disease. This is achieved via an autogenous (primary) arteriovenous fistula or a grafted fistula in situations where autogenous fistulas may not function. Complications such as thrombosis and infection are ...

  12. Urachus Fistula: A Rare First Presentation of Diverticulitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Dickhoff

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Urachus fistulas are rare, especially in adulthood. In grown-ups urachus fistulas are usually a reflection of Crohn’s disease. We present a patient in whom an urachus fistula was the first presentation of diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon. The need for proper preoperative diagnostic imaging is discussed.

  13. Enterocutaneous fistula: a Tanzanian experience in a tertiary care ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Enterocutaneous fistulae pose a therapeutic challenge to general surgeons all over the world and contribute significantly to high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to describe our experience in the management of enterocutaneous fistulas, outlining the causes, fistula characteristics, treatment ...

  14. Laparoscopic repair for vesicouterine fistulae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael A. Maioli

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of this video is to present the laparoscopic repair of a VUF in a 42-year-old woman, with gross hematuria, in the immediate postoperative phase following a cesarean delivery. The obstetric team implemented conservative management, including Foley catheter insertion, for 2 weeks. She subsequently developed intermittent hematuria and cystitis. The urology team was consulted 15 days after cesarean delivery. Cystoscopy indicated an ulcerated lesion in the bladder dome of approximately 1.0cm in size. Hysterosalpingography and a pelvic computed tomography scan indicated a fistula. Materials and Methods: Laparoscopic repair was performed 30 days after the cesarean delivery. The patient was placed in the lithotomy position while also in an extreme Trendelenburg position. Pneumoperitoneum was established using a Veress needle in the midline infra-umbilical region, and a primary 11-mm port was inserted. Another 11-mm port was inserted exactly between the left superior iliac spine and the umbilicus. Two other 5-mm ports were established under laparoscopic guidance in the iliac fossa on both sides. The omental adhesions in the pelvis were carefully released and the peritoneum between the bladder and uterus was incised via cautery. Limited cystotomy was performed, and the specific sites of the fistula and the ureteral meatus were identified; thereafter, the posterior bladder wall was adequately mobilized away from the uterus. The uterine rent was then closed using single 3/0Vicryl sutures and two-layer watertight closure of the urinary bladder was achieved by using 3/0Vicryl sutures. An omental flap was mobilized and inserted between the uterus and the urinary bladder, and was fixed using two 3/0Vicryl sutures, followed by tube drain insertion. Results: The operative time was 140 min, whereas the blood loss was 100ml. The patient was discharged 3 days after surgery, and the catheter was removed 12 days after surgery

  15. Eyelid liquoric fistula secondary to orbital meningocele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Antunes Schiave Germano

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Liquoric fistula (LF is defined as the communication of the subarachnoid space with the external environment, which main complication is the development of infection in the central nervous system. We reported the case of a patient with non-traumatic eyelid liquoric fistula secondary to orbital meningocele (congenital lesion, which main clinical manifestation was unilateral eyelid edema. Her symptoms and clinical signs appeared in adulthood, which is uncommon. The patient received surgical treatment, with complete resolution of the eyelid swelling. In conclusion, eyelid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF fistula is a rare condition but with great potential deleterious to the patient. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unilateral eyelid edema, and surgical treatment is almost always mandatory.

  16. Spontaneous Enterocutaneous Fistula Resulting from Richter's Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajong, Ranendra; Khongwar, Donkupar; Komut, Ojing; Naku, Narang; Baru, Kappa

    2017-08-01

    Richter's hernia is due to the entrapment of a part of circumference of the bowel wall. As the bowel continuity is maintained, the patients usually do not have intestinal obstruction. Some patients with Richter's hernia may present with enterocutaneous fistula either spontaneous or due to surgical intervention mistaking the obstructed hernia to be inguinal abscess. This is more so in developing countries due to lack of awareness among the masses or due to the delay in seeking medical attention. Presenting here is a case of a 53-year-old male patient with enterocutaneous fistula which occurred spontaneously and sought medical attention only after about three years of repeated discharge of yellowish fluid from the left inguinal region. Magnetic resonance fistulogram confirmed the diagnosis of enterocutaneous fistula. Laparotomy with resection and primary anastomosis of the fistulous bowel was done. Patient recovered uneventfully without any complications or recurrence.

  17. Eguchipsammia fistula Microsatellite Development and Population Analysis

    KAUST Repository

    Mughal, Mehreen

    2012-12-01

    Deep water corals are an understudied yet biologically important and fragile ecosystem under threat from recent increasing temperatures and high carbon dioxide emissions. Using 454 sequencing, we develop 14 new microsatellite markers for the deep water coral Eguchipsammia fistula, collected from the Red Sea but found in deep water coral ecosystems globally. We tested these microsatellite primers on 26 samples of this coral collected from a single population. Results show that these corals are highly clonal within this population stemming from a high level of asexual reproduction. Mitochondrial studies back up microsatellite findings of high levels of genetic similarity. CO1, ND1 and ATP6 mitochondrial sequences of E. fistula and 11 other coral species were used to build phylogenetic trees which grouped E. fistula with shallow water coral Porites rather than deep sea L. Petusa.

  18. CLINICAL STUDY OF FISTULA IN ANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushma Ramteke

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Fistula in ano is one of the common problem faced in today’s world. Fistula in ano is track lined by granulation tissue that connect deeply in the anal canal or rectum and superficially on the skin around the anus. It usually results from cryptoglandular infection causing abscess, which burst spontaneously or was drained inadequately. The study is conducted to find most common aetiological factor and to evaluate various surgical technique and their outcome. The aim of the study is to- 1. Study the incidence of various aetiologies of fistula in ano. 2. Study the clinical presentation of fistula in ano. 3. Evaluate different modalities of surgical approach and their outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study was conducted at Late Lakhiram Agrawal Memorial Government Medical College, Raigarh, during the study period of July 2015 to July 2016. All the 50 cases were included in this study who were above 15 year of age diagnosed with fistula in ano on the basis of clinical examination who underwent surgical procedure. RESULTS In present study of 50 cases, 60% of cases were in the age group of 31-50 years. Male:female ratio was 9:1. 80% of cases belong to low socioeconomic status. The most common mode of presentation was discharging sinus in 96% of cases. 70% of patient had past history of burst abscess or surgical drainage of abscess. 90% of cases have single external opening. 80% of cases had posterior external opening. Most of the fistula are of low anal type, which was 92% and rest of the patient had an internal opening situated above the anorectal ring. The most common surgical approach done was fistulectomy. Only fistulectomy was done in 80% of patients. Fistulectomy with sphincterectomy was done in two patients. These two patients had associated anal fissure. Fistulectomy with seton placement was done in two patients of high level of fistula type. Fistulotomy was done in four patients (8%, these were of low fistula type

  19. Congenital bronchobiliary fistula diagnosis by cholescintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aguilar, C.; Cano, R.; Camasca, A.; Del Pino, T.; Gonzales, J.; Rivera, J.; Untiveros, A.

    2005-01-01

    A case of a six-year-old female patient diagnosed with congenital bronchobiliary fistula is presented. Only 20 cases have been reported in the literature of this disease in this institution. The patient showed sings and symptoms of a respiratory illness from birth that complicated progressively. She was submitted to multiple imaging like chest x-rays, CT, ultrasound and Tc-99m HIDA cholescintigraphy. This procedure confirmed the presence of a bronchobiliary fistula that was corrected by surgery, with subsequent improvement of clinical symptoms. (authors)

  20. Lymphogranuloma Venereum Presenting as a Rectovaginal Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. M. Lynch

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV is a rare form of the sexually transmitted disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. In the United States, there are fewer than 350 cases per year. In a review of the world’s literature, there has not been a case reported in the last thirty years of a case ofLGV presenting as a rectovaginal fistula. We present a case of an otherwise healthy American woman who presented with a rectovaginal fistula. Although uncommon, LGV does occur in developed countries and may have devastating tissue destruction if not recognized and treated before the tertiary stage. Infect. Dis. Obstet. Gynecol. 7:199–201, 1999.

  1. Routine Drainage of the Operative Bed Following Elective Distal Pancreatectomy Does Not Reduce the Occurrence of Complications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrman, Stephen W.; Zarzaur, Ben L.; Parmar, Abhishek; Riall, Taylor S.; Hall, Bruce L.; Pitt, Henry A.

    2017-01-01

    Background Routine drainage of the operative bed following elective pancreatectomy remains controversial. Data specific to distal pancreatectomy (DP) have not been examined in a multi-institutional collaborative. Methods Data from the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pancreatectomy Demonstration Project were utilized. The impact of drain placement on development of pancreatectomy-related and overall morbidity were analyzed. Propensity scores for drain placement were calculated, and nearest neighbor matching was used to create a matched cohort. Groups were compared using bivariate and logistic regression analyses. Results Over 14 months, 761 patients undergoing DP were accrued; 606 were drained. Propensity score matching was possible in 116 patients. Drain and no drain groups were not different with respect to multiple preoperative and operative variables. All pancreatic fistulas (ppancreatectomy was associated with a higher overall morbidity and pancreatic fistulas. Drains did not reduce intra-abdominal septic morbidity, clinically relevant pancreatic fistulas nor the need for postoperative therapeutic intervention. PMID:25115324

  2. Recurrent pancreatic fistula occurring after nephrectomy in patients with a renal hydatid cyst: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceylan, Cavit; Odabaş, Öner; Doğan, Serkan; Yığman, Metin

    2013-01-01

    Pancreatic fistula (PF) is an important complication that may develop during intra-abdominal surgeries and following distal pancreas trauma. In the early period, drainage from the surgical site and increased amylase production based on the biochemical examination of the drainage fluid are the factors for diagnosis. In contrast, in association with fluid collected from the surgical site, intra-abdominal abscess and high fever may lead to the diagnosis in the late period. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for the treatment of intra-abdominal fluid collection after PF and intra-abdominal percutaneous stent placement as well as the placement of a pancreatic stent in the pancreatic channel may be alternative methods to stop drainage. However, the complete resolution of fluid drainage may take months. In our case, drainage from the pancreatic fistula area took longer to resolve than the periods previously reported in the English literature. The tail of the pancreas can be injured during the extraction of especially aggressive and metastatic masses from organs near to the distal pancreas. Injury to the tail of the pancreas can also occur during the extraction of benign-like renal hydatid cysts and/or malignant left kidney masses. However, PF can be treated with noninvasive methods, such as percutaneous treatment and ERCP. PMID:26328082

  3. Retrospective analysis of 271 arteriovenous fistulas as vascular access for hemodialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Sahasrabudhe

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This report describes our experience of arteriovenous fistula (AVF creation as vascular access for hemodialysis (HD. Study has been carried out in Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital, Pune from January 2004 to December 2009. A total of 271 AVFs were created in 249 patients. Maximum follow up was 7 years and minimum was 1 year. In this study of 271 cases of AVFs, there were 196 (72.3% successful cases and 75 (27.7% failures. Basilic vein was used in 77 (28.4% cases, cephalic vein in 186 (68.6%, and antecubital vein in 8 (3% cases. End (vein to side (artery anastomosis was done in 170 (63% cases. Side to side anastomosis was done in 100 (37% cases. On table bruit was present in 244 (90% and thrill in 232 (85.6% cases. During dialysis, flow rate >250 ml/min was obtained in 136 (50.4% cases. In complications, 16 (5.9% patients developed distal edema, 32 (11.8% developed steal phenomenon. Presence of on table thrill and bruit are indicators of successful AVF. If vein diameter is <2 mm, chances of AVF failure are high. During proximal side to side fistula between antecubital/basilic vein and brachial artery, breaking of first valve toward wrist helps to develop distal veins in forearm by retrograde flow. This technique avoids requirement of superficialization of basilic vein in arm.

  4. Novel use of infrared thermal imaging to predict arteriovenous fistula patency and maturation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Shakarchi, Julien; Hodson, James; Field, Melanie; Inston, Nicholas

    2017-07-14

    The arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred method of long-term haemodialysis. However, it has been shown to have a substantial rate of maturation failure. The formation of an AVF creates haemodynamic changes to blood flow in the arm with diversion of blood away from the distal circulation into the low pressure venous system, in turn, leading to thermal changes distally. In this study, we aimed to assess the novel use of infrared thermal imaging as a predictor of arteriovenous maturation. A prospective cohort study was conducted on 100 consecutive patients who had AVF formation from December 2015 to June 2016. Infrared thermal imaging was undertaken pre- and post-operatively on the day of surgery to assess thermal changes to the arms and to assess them as predictors of clinical patency and functional maturation. For clinical patency, infrared thermal imaging was found to have a positive predictive value of 88% and a negative predictive value of 86%. For functional maturation, it was found to have a positive predictive value of 84%, a negative predictive value of 95%. In addition, it was shown to have superiority to the commonly used intra-operative predictor of thrill as well as other independent pre-operative patient factors. Infrared thermal imaging has been found to be a very useful tool in accurately predicting fistula patency and maturation.

  5. Distal Radius Hemiarthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Brian D; Lawler, Ericka A; Kuhl, Taften L

    2016-08-01

    Due to a higher risk for implant loosening, particularly of the distal component, patients with physically demanding lifestyles are infrequently considered for total wrist arthroplasty (TWA). A distal radius hemiarthroplasty may obviate the need for the strict restrictions recommended for patients treated by TWA, thus providing another surgical option for active patients with severe wrist arthritis, especially those with articular degeneration of the lunate facet of the radius, capitate head, or combination of both, who are not typically candidates for traditional motion-preserving procedures. Eight fresh-frozen cadaver limbs (age range, 43-82 years) with no history of rheumatoid arthritis or upper extremity trauma were used. Radiodense markers were inserted in the radius and hand. Posteroanterior (PA) fluoroscopic images with the wrist in neutral, radial deviation, and ulnar deviation, and lateral images with the wrist in neutral, flexion, and extension were obtained for each specimen before implantation, after distal radius hemiarthroplasty, and after combined hemiarthroplasty and PRC. On the PA images, the capitate remained within 1.42 and 2.21 mm of its native radial-ulnar position following hemiarthroplasty and hemiarthroplasty with PRC, respectively. Lateral images showed the capitate remained within 1.06 mm of its native dorsal-volar position following hemiarthroplasty and within 4.69 mm following hemiarthroplasty with PRC. Following hemiarthroplasty, capitate alignment changed 2.33 and 2.59 mm compared with its native longitudinal alignment on PA and lateral films, respectively. These changes did not reach statistical significance. As expected, significant shortening in longitudinal alignment was seen on both PA and lateral films for hemiarthroplasty with PRC. A distal radius implant hemiarthroplasty with or without a PRC provides good static alignment of the wrist in a cadaver model and thus supports the concept as potential treatment alternatives

  6. Right coronary fistula and aneurysm draining to the right atrium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesonen, Erkki; Hochbergs, Peter

    2009-09-01

    In a 3-year-old boy, a continuous heart murmur was heard. The echocardiogram showed a dilated right coronary artery suggesting the existence of a coronary fistula. A more detailed echocardiogram when the patient was sedated revealed a fistula leading to a large aneurysm and further to the right atrium. The accidental dissection and thrombosis during the interventional heart catheterization resulted in a closure of the fistula. A continuous heart murmur and a dilated coronary artery are the hallmarks of coronary fistula. Anatomic details of coronary fistula might be possible to see in an echocardiogram. Interventional heart catheterization is usually an adequate treatment option.

  7. Radiological findings in biliary fistula and gallstone ileus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oikarinen, H.; Paeivaensalo, M.; Tikkakoski, T.; Saarela, A.

    1996-01-01

    Purpose: Biliary fistual and gallstone ileus are rarely found. The diagnosis is difficult and may be delayed until operation. We reviewed the radiological findings in a retrospective material. Material and Methods: The cases of 16 patients treated for biliary fistula were analyzed with respect to findings at imaging. Ten patients had a spontaneous fistula. Nine of them had an internal bilioduodenal fistula and one had an external fistula with stones passing through a subcutaneous abscess. Five patients also had gallstone ileus and one patient a rare gastric outlet obstruction caused by a gallstone (Bouveret's syndrome). Six patients had an iatrogenic fistula. One of them had internal bile ascites and 5 an external fistula, one of which was a biliocystic fistula resulting from attempted hepatic cyst sclerotherapy. Results: Various imaging modalities were used and there was often a delay in the diagnosis. Imaging did not show the fistula itself in any of the spontaneous cases. However, a nonvisualized or shrunken gallbladder seen at US often coexisted in these cases. CT yielded the diagnosis in one case of gallstone ileus, and a Gastrografin metal yielded it in the case of Bouveret's syndrome. Fistulography and cholangiography provided a correct diagnosis of fistula in all cases of iatrogenic biliocutaneous fistulas. Conclusion: Patients with biliary fistula usually undergo examinations with nonspecific results. The imaging findings could be more specific if the possibility of this diagnosis were remembered. (orig.)

  8. Radiological findings in biliary fistula and gallstone ileus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oikarinen, H. [Univ. Hospital, Oulu (Finland). Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology; Paeivaensalo, M. [Univ. Hospital, Oulu (Finland). Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology; Tikkakoski, T. [Univ. Hospital, Oulu (Finland). Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology; Saarela, A. [Univ. Hospital, Oulu (Finland). Dept. of Surgery

    1996-11-01

    Purpose: Biliary fistual and gallstone ileus are rarely found. The diagnosis is difficult and may be delayed until operation. We reviewed the radiological findings in a retrospective material. Material and Methods: The cases of 16 patients treated for biliary fistula were analyzed with respect to findings at imaging. Ten patients had a spontaneous fistula. Nine of them had an internal bilioduodenal fistula and one had an external fistula with stones passing through a subcutaneous abscess. Five patients also had gallstone ileus and one patient a rare gastric outlet obstruction caused by a gallstone (Bouveret`s syndrome). Six patients had an iatrogenic fistula. One of them had internal bile ascites and 5 an external fistula, one of which was a biliocystic fistula resulting from attempted hepatic cyst sclerotherapy. Results: Various imaging modalities were used and there was often a delay in the diagnosis. Imaging did not show the fistula itself in any of the spontaneous cases. However, a nonvisualized or shrunken gallbladder seen at US often coexisted in these cases. CT yielded the diagnosis in one case of gallstone ileus, and a Gastrografin metal yielded it in the case of Bouveret`s syndrome. Fistulography and cholangiography provided a correct diagnosis of fistula in all cases of iatrogenic biliocutaneous fistulas. Conclusion: Patients with biliary fistula usually undergo examinations with nonspecific results. The imaging findings could be more specific if the possibility of this diagnosis were remembered. (orig.).

  9. A Delayed Recrudescent Case of Sigmoidocutaneous Fistula due to Diverticulitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takaaki Fujii

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Colocutaneous fistula caused by diverticulitis is relatively rare, and a delayed recrudescent case of colocutaneous fistula is very uncommon. We herein report a rare case of a Japanese 56-year-old male with delayed recrudescent sigmoidocutaneous fistula due to diverticulitis. A colocutaneous fistula was formed after a drainage operation against a perforation of the sigmoid colon diverticulum. After 5 years from treatment, he was admitted to our hospital because of lower abdominal pain. We diagnosed the recrudescent sigmoidocutaneous fistula by abdominal computed tomography and gastrografin enema, and managed the patient with total parenteral nutrition and antibiotics. As the fistula formation did not improve, a low anterior resection with fistulectomy was performed. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged. It has been reported that, in fistulas of the skin caused by diverticular disease, complete closure of the fistula by conservative therapy may not be possible. This case also implies the possibility of a recurrence of the fistula even if the conservative treatment was effective. In cases of colocutaneous fistulas due to diverticulitis, radical surgery is considered necessary because of possibility of recurrence of the fistula.

  10. Arteriovenous fistulas aggravate the hemodynamic effect of vein bypass stenoses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, T G; Djurhuus, C; Pedersen, Erik Morre

    1996-01-01

    10 cm upstream of a fistula with low outflow resistance. Flow and intraluminal pressure were measured proximal to the stenosis and downstream of the fistula. The waveform parameters peak systolic velocity, end-diastolic velocity, pulsatility index, and pulse rise time were determined from midstream...... Doppler spectra obtained 10 cm downstream of the fistula. All measurements were carried out with open and clamped fistula. RESULTS: At 30% diameter reducing stenosis opening of the fistula induced a 12% systolic pressure drop across the stenosis but had no adverse effect on the Doppler waveform parameters....... At 55% stenosis the pressure drop increased from 16% to 31% after fistula opening. This increased pressure drop was associated with a further reduction in peak systolic velocity, a decrease in pulsatility index, and an enhanced pulse rise time prolongation. Fistula opening at 70% stenosis increased...

  11. Assessment and management of urethrocutaneous fistula ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    layer of dartos fascia was performed (Fig. 6). In other patients, there was a large fistula near the corona with complete meatal stenosis. In this situation, a complete redo operation was performed using the tubularized incised urethral plate technique (subcuticular 6/0 vicryl had been used). Penile skin closure was achieved ...

  12. Current Evidence Supporting Obstetric Fistula Prevention Strategies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evidences from the articles were linked to prevention strategies retrieved from grey literature. The strategies were classified using an innovative target-focused method. Gaps in the literature show the need for fistula prevention research to aim at systematically measuring incidence and prevalence of the disease, identify the ...

  13. Coronary Arteriovenous Fistula Causing Hydrops Fetalis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilüfer Çetiner

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Fetal heart failure and hydrops fetalis may occur due to systemic arteriovenous fistula because of increased cardiac output. Arteriovenous fistula of the central nervous system, liver, bone or vascular tumors such as sacrococcygeal teratoma were previously reported to be causes of intrauterine heart failure. However, coronary arteriovenous fistula was not reported as a cause of fetal heart failure previously. It is a rare pathology comprising 0.2–0.4% of all congenital heart diseases even during postnatal life. Some may remain asymptomatic for many years and diagnosed by auscultation of a continuous murmur during a routine examination, while a larger fistulous coronary artery opening to a low pressure cardiac chamber may cause ischemia of the affected myocardial region due to steal phenomenon and may present with cardiomyopathy or congestive heart failure during childhood. We herein report a neonate with coronary arteriovenous fistula between the left main coronary artery and the right ventricular apex, who presented with hydrops fetalis during the third trimester of pregnancy.

  14. Traumatic Intrarenal Arteriovenous Fistula Treated by Conservative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1974-06-01

    Jun 1, 1974 ... Fig. 1. Excretory urogram demonstrating normal renal parenchyma and collecting system. Renal angiogram: Selective right renal artery catheter- isation demonstrated early filling of the right renal vein consistent with an arteriovenous fistula; a small traumatic pseudo-aneurysm; a relatively avascular area in ...

  15. The "Fistula VAC," a technique for management of enterocutaneous fistulae arising within the open abdomen: report of 5 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goverman, Jeremy; Yelon, Jay A; Platz, John Joseph; Singson, Rufino C; Turcinovic, Michael

    2006-02-01

    Management of intestinal fistulae in open abdominal wounds remains a significant clinical challenge for those caring for patients surviving damage control abdominal operations. Breaking the cycle of tissue inflammation, infection, and sepsis, resulting from leakage of enteric contents, should be a major goal in the approach to these complex patients. We describe a technique utilizing vacuum assisted closure (VAC) which achieves control of enteric flow from fistulae in open abdominal wounds. The fistula-VAC is fashioned from standard sponge supplies, negative pressure pumps, and ostomy appliances. The fistula-VAC was changed every three days prior to split thickness skin grafting, and every five days following grafting. Five patients underwent application of the fistula-VAC. All patients had complete diversion of enteric contents. This enteric diversion allowed for successful skin grafting in all patients. Application of the fistula-VAC should be considered a useful option in treating patients with intestinal fistulae in open abdominal wounds.

  16. Clinical outcomes for 14 consecutive patients with solid pseudopapillary neoplasms who underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Yoshiharu; Matsushita, Akira; Katsuno, Akira; Yamahatsu, Kazuya; Sumiyoshi, Hiroki; Mizuguchi, Yoshiaki; Uchida, Eiji

    2016-02-01

    The postoperative results of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas (SPN), including the effects of spleen-preserving resection, are still to be elucidated. Of the 139 patients who underwent laparoscopic pancreatectomy for non-cancerous tumors, 14 consecutive patients (average age, 29.6 years; 1 man, 13 women) with solitary SPN who underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy between March 2004 and June 2015 were enrolled. The tumors had a mean diameter of 4.8 cm. Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy was performed in eight patients (spleen-preserving group), including two cases involving pancreatic tail preservation, and laparoscopic spleno-distal pancreatectomy was performed in six patients (standard resection group). The median operating time was 317 min, and the median blood loss was 50 mL. Postoperatively, grade B pancreatic fistulas appeared in two patients (14.3%) but resolved with conservative treatment. No patients had postoperative complications, other than pancreatic fistulas, or required reoperation. The median postoperative hospital stay was 11 days, and the postoperative mortality was zero.None of the patients had positive surgical margins or lymph nodes with metastasis. The median follow-up period did not significantly differ between the two groups (20 vs 39 months, P = 0.1368). All of the patients are alive and free from recurrent tumors without major late-phase complications. Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy might be a suitable treatment for patients with SPN. A spleen-preserving operation is preferable for younger patients with SPN, and this study demonstrated the non-inferiority of the procedure compared to spleno-distal pancreatectomy. © 2015 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  17. Laparoscopic resection of chronic sigmoid diverticulitis with fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbass, Mohammad A; Tsay, Anna T; Abbas, Maher A

    2013-01-01

    A growing number of operations for sigmoid diverticulitis are being done laparoscopically. There is a paucity of data on the outcome of laparoscopy for sigmoid diverticulitis complicated by colonic fistula. The aim of this study was to compare the results of laparoscopic resection of sigmoid diverticulitis with and without colonic fistula. A retrospective review was conducted of all patients who underwent laparoscopic resection of sigmoid diverticulitis complicated by fistula at a single tertiary care institution over a 7-year period. Comparison was made with a group of patients who underwent resection for diverticulitis without fistula during the same study period. Forty-two patients were analyzed (group 1: diverticular fistula, group 2: no fistula). The median age was similar (49 vs. 50 years, P = .68). A chronic abscess was present in 24% of patients in group 1 and 10% in group 2 (P = .40). Fistula types were colovesical (71%), colovaginal (19%), and colocutaneous (10%). Operation types were sigmoidectomy (57% vs. 81%) and anterior resection (43% vs. 19%) in groups 1 and 2, respectively (P = .18). Ureteral catheters were used more frequently in group 1 (67% vs. 33% [P = .06]). No difference was noted in operative time, blood loss, conversion rate, length of stay, overall complications, wound infection rate, readmission rate, reoperation rate, and mortality. All patients healed without fistula recurrence. Patients with sigmoid diverticulitis with fistula can be successfully treated with laparoscopic excision, with similar outcomes for patients without fistula.

  18. Endovascular therapy of arteriovenous fistulae with electrolytically detachable coils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jansen, O.; Doerfler, A.; Forsting, M.; Hartmann, M.; Kummer, R. von; Tronnier, V.; Sartor, K. [Dept. of Neuroradiology, University of Heidelberg Medical School (Germany)

    1999-12-01

    We report our experience in using Guglielmi electrolytically detachable coils (GDC) alone or in combination with other materials in the treatment of intracranial or cervical high-flow fistulae. We treated 14 patients with arteriovenous fistulae on brain-supplying vessels - three involving the external carotid or the vertebral artery, five the cavernous sinus and six the dural sinuses - by endovascular occlusion using electrolytically detachable platinum coils. The fistula was caused by trauma in six cases. In one case Ehlers-Danlos syndrome was the underlying disease, and in the remaining seven cases no aetiology could be found. Fistulae of the external carotid and vertebral arteries and caroticocavernous fistulae were reached via the transarterial route, while in all dural fistulae a combined transarterial-transvenous approach was chosen. All fistulae were treated using electrolytically detachable coils. While small fistulae could be occluded with electrolytically detachable coils alone, large fistulae were treated by using coils to build a stable basket for other types of coil or balloons. In 11 of the 14 patients, endovascular treatment resulted in complete occlusion of the fistula; in the remaining three occlusion was subtotal. Symptoms and signs were completely abolished by this treatment in 12 patients and reduced in 2. On clinical and neuroradiological follow-up (mean 16 months) no reappearance of symptoms was recorded. (orig.)

  19. Digestive system fistula: a problem still relevant today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Głuszek, Stanisław; Korczak, Maria; Kot, Marta; Matykiewicz, Jarosław; Kozieł, Dorota

    2011-01-01

    Digestive system fistula originates most frequently as a complication after surgical procedures, less often occurs in the course of inflammatory diseases, but it can also result from neoplasm and injuries. THE AIM OF THE STUDY was to analyze the causes and retrospectively assess the perioperative procedures as well as the results of digestive system fistula treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS. Own experience in digestive system fistula treatment was presented. The subject group consisted of 32 patients treated at the General Surgery, Oncology and Endocrinology Clinical Department between 01.05.2005 and 30.04.2010 due to different digestive tract diseases. The causes of the occurrence of digestive system fistula, methods and results of treatment were analyzed. RESULTS. The analysis covered 32 patients with digestive system fistula, among them 15 men and 17 women. Average age for men was 57 years (20-78), and for women 61 years (24-88). In 11 patients idiopathic fistula causally connected with primary inflammatory disease (7 cases) and with neoplasm (4 cases) was diagnosed, in 19 patients fistula was the result of complications after surgery, in 2 - after abdominal cavity injury. Recovery from fistula was achieved in 23 patients (72%) with the use of individually planned conservative therapy (TPN, EN, antibiotics, drainage, and others) and surgery, depending on the needs of individual patient. 5 patients (16%) died, whereas in 4 left (12%) recovery wasn't achieved (fistula in palliative patients, with advanced stages of neoplasm - bronchoesophageal fistula, the recurrence of uterine carcinoma). CONCLUSIONS. Recently the results of digestive system fistula treatment showed an improvement which manifests itself in mortality decrease and shortening of fistula healing time. Yet, digestive system fistula as a serious complication still poses a very difficult surgical problem.

  20. Pro-inflammatory cytokines in cryptoglandular anal fistulas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Onkelen, R S; Gosselink, M P; van Meurs, M; Melief, M J; Schouten, W R; Laman, J D

    2016-09-01

    Sphincter-preserving procedures for the treatment of transsphincteric fistulas fail in at least one out of every three patients. It has been suggested that failure is due to ongoing disease in the remaining fistula tract. Cytokines play an important role in inflammation. At present, biologicals targeting cytokines are available. Therefore, detection and identification of cytokines in anal fistulas might have implications for future treatment modalities. The objective of the present study was to assess local production of a selected panel of cytokines in anal fistulas, including pro-inflammatory interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). Fistula tract tissue was obtained from 27 patients with a transsphincteric fistula of cryptoglandular origin who underwent flap repair, ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract or a combination of both procedures. Patients with a rectovaginal fistula or a fistula due to Crohn's disease were excluded. Frozen tissue samples were sectioned and stained using advanced immuno-enzyme staining methods for detection of selected cytokines, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p40, IL-17A, IL-18, IL-36 and TNF-α. The presence and frequencies of cytokine-producing cells in samples were quantitated. The key finding was abundant expression of IL-1β in 93 % of the anal fistulas. Frequencies of IL-1β-producing cells were highest (>50 positive stained cells) in 7 % of the anal fistulas. Also, cytokines IL-8, IL-12p40 and TNF-α were present in respectively 70, 33 and 30 % of the anal fistulas. IL-1β is expressed in the large majority of cryptoglandular anal fistulas, as well as several other pro-inflammatory cytokines.

  1. Bouveret's syndrome complicated by distal gallstone ileus after laser lithotropsy using Holmium: YAG laser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodgers John B

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bouveret's syndrome is an unusual presentation of duodenal obstruction caused by the passage of a large gallstone through a cholecystoduodenal fistula. Endoscopic therapy has been used as first-line treatment, especially in patients with high surgical risk. Case presentation We report a 67-year-old woman who underwent an endoscopic attempt to fragment and retrieve a duodenal stone using a Holmium: Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet Laser (Ho:YAG which resulted in small bowel obstruction. The patient successfully underwent enterolithotomy without cholecystectomy or closure of the fistula. Conclusion We conclude that, distal gallstone obstruction, due to migration of partially fragmented stones, can occur as a possible complication of laser lithotripsy treatment of Bouveret's syndrome and might require urgent enterolithotomy.

  2. Evaluation of a series of patients with esophageal atresia, during a 5-year period Evaluación de una serie de pacientes con atresia del esófago, durante un período de 5 años

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Fernando Medina Mejía; Francisco Javier Mejía Sarasti

    2003-01-01

    Between january 1ST 1997 and December 31st 2001 we attended 73 patients with the diagnosis of esophageal atresia at San Vicente de Paúl Hospital, in Medellín, Colombia. Average gestational age was 37 weeks and average weight, 2458 grams; 88% of these patients had also distal tracheo-esophageal fistula while in 11% there was no fistula. The most common treatment was the resection of the fistula plus primary correction through termino-terminal anastomosis. We performed 3 gastric ascents in case...

  3. Distal corporoplasty for distal cylinders extrusion after penile prosthesis implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrino, Maurizio; Chiancone, Francesco; Battaglia, Gaetano; Pucci, Luigi; Fedelini, Paolo

    2017-02-03

    Distal extrusion of cylinders is a potential complication of the penile prosthesis implantation. Several methods have been proposed for repairing a distal penile erosion. We present our preliminary experience in "Distal corporoplasty" technique. We enrolled 18 consecutive patients whose underwent a distal corporoplasty with simultaneous reimplantation of an "AMS 700 inflatable penile prosthesis (LGX)" from January 2013 to November 2015 at our hospital. All procedures were performed by a single surgical team. Intraoperative and postoperative complications have been classified and reported according to Satava6 and Clavien-Dindo (CD) system.7 Mean values with standard deviations (±SD) were computed and reported for all items. Mean age of the patients was 53.61 (±11.90) years. Mean body max index (BMI) was 24.22 (±2.51). Mean operative time was 85.2 (±13.1) minutes. Blood losses were minimal. No intraoperative complications are reported according to Satava classification. Four out of 18 patients (22.22%) experienced postoperative complications according to CD system. All patients had sexual intercourse for the first time postsurgery after a mean of 59.11 ± 2.08 days. Mean follow-up was 22.11 (±9.95). Distal extrusion of cylinders is a potential complication of the penile prosthesis implantation. Distal corporoplasty was first described by Mulcahy. He reported a series of 14 patients with a follow-up of about 2 years with optimal functional outcomes. Moreover, distal corporoplasty resulted in shorter operative time, better function, less pain, and fewer recurrences than Gortex windsock repair.10 In our experience, distal corporoplasty is a simple and safe procedure in the treatment of distal cylinders extrusion when the prosthetic material is not exposed to the exterior.

  4. Closure of oroantral fistula with rotational palatal flap technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David B. Kamadjaja

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Oroantral fistula is one of the common complications following dentoalveolar surgeries in the maxilla. Closure of oroantral fistula should be done as early as possible to eliminate the risk of infection of the antrum. Palatal flap is one of the commonly used methods in the closure of oroantral fistula. A case is reported of a male patient who had two oroantral communication after having his two dental implants removed. Buccal flap was used to close the defects, but one of them remained open and resulted in oroantral fistula. Second correction was performed to close the defect using buccal fat pad, but the fistula still persisted. Finally, palatal rotational flap was used to close up the fistula. The result was good, as the defect was successfully closed and the donor site healed uneventfully.

  5. Tentorial artery embolization in tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rooij, Willem Jan van; Sluzewski, Menno; Beute, Guus N.

    2006-01-01

    The tentorial artery is often involved in arterial supply to tentorial dural fistulas. The hypertrophied tentorial artery is accessible to embolization, either with glue or with particles. Six patients are presented with tentorial dural fistulas, mainly supplied by the tentorial artery. Two patients presented with intracranial hemorrhage, two with pulsatile tinnitus and one with progressive tetraparesis, and in one patient the tentorial dural fistula was an incidental finding. Different endovascular techniques were used to embolize the tentorial artery in the process of endovascular occlusion of the fistulas. All six tentorial dural fistulas were completely occluded by endovascular techniques, confirmed at follow-up angiography. There were no complications. When direct catheterization of the tentorial artery was possible, glue injection with temporary balloon occlusion of the internal carotid artery at the level of the tentorial artery origin was effective and safe. Different endovascular techniques may be successfully applied to embolize the tentorial artery in the treatment of tentorial dural fistulas. (orig.)

  6. Tentorial artery embolization in tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rooij, Willem Jan van; Sluzewski, Menno [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Radiology, Tilburg (Netherlands); Beute, Guus N. [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Neurosurgery, Tilburg (Netherlands)

    2006-10-15

    The tentorial artery is often involved in arterial supply to tentorial dural fistulas. The hypertrophied tentorial artery is accessible to embolization, either with glue or with particles. Six patients are presented with tentorial dural fistulas, mainly supplied by the tentorial artery. Two patients presented with intracranial hemorrhage, two with pulsatile tinnitus and one with progressive tetraparesis, and in one patient the tentorial dural fistula was an incidental finding. Different endovascular techniques were used to embolize the tentorial artery in the process of endovascular occlusion of the fistulas. All six tentorial dural fistulas were completely occluded by endovascular techniques, confirmed at follow-up angiography. There were no complications. When direct catheterization of the tentorial artery was possible, glue injection with temporary balloon occlusion of the internal carotid artery at the level of the tentorial artery origin was effective and safe. Different endovascular techniques may be successfully applied to embolize the tentorial artery in the treatment of tentorial dural fistulas. (orig.)

  7. Fistulae following laryngectomy in patients treated with irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Natvig, K.; Boysen, M.; Tausjoe, J. (Oslo Univ. (Norway). National Hospital)

    1993-12-01

    The development of fistulae following 197 consecutive laryngectomies performed from 1980 to 1987 have been examined. Fistulae were present in 28 patients (14%). Age, T-classification, daily level of radiation dose and the time lapse between diagnosis and operation did not seem to influence the rate of fistula development. The study indicates that there is a two to three % risk of fistula development when a primary laryngectomy is performed. Fistula formation increased to about 10 to 12% following radiotherapy, with an additional increase whenever previous operations on the neck had been done and/or if the disease demanded more extensive surgery. The study also indicates that the risk for fistula development is less when an experienced surgeon performs the operation. (Author).

  8. Dural fistulas of the cavernous sinus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guibert-Tranier, F.; Piton, J.; Caille, J.M.; Lemoine, J.J.

    1984-01-01

    Five cases of dural fistulas of the cavernous sinus are reported. The clinical aspect of this lesion is often misleading in the absence of subjective or objective bruits. The diagnosis is made at angiography which should systematically include the internal and external carotid arteries bilaterally. The goal of this study was to elucidate the great variability of the venous drainage and to correlate it with the clinical symptoms and course. The main problem is to know when and how these fistulas should be treated. Vascular ligatures should not be performed. Therapeutic angiography is the treatment of choice, but should be limited to the following indications: poorly tolerated bruits, severe ophthalmic damage (elevated ocular tension, diminished visual acuity, or oculomotor paralysis), angiographically demonstrated massive arteriovenous shunting, and a high degree of cortical venous reflux. Whatever the indication, the course after embolisation is rarely predictable and in particular the risk of extensive venous thrombosis or recurrence is great. (orig.)

  9. [Aorto-intestinal fistulas. 4 case reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansky, G; Valli, C; Häcki, W H; Turina, M

    1984-09-15

    Four cases of aorto-enteric fistula are reported. The two primary types occurred after rupture of an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta into the duodenum and as a consequence of tumor infiltration of both the aorta and the intestinal wall in a woman with metastatic ovarian cancer. The two secondary types developed as a late complication of reconstructive surgery of the abdominal aorta. The condition was diagnosed or suspected on the basis of endoscopic findings in two cases. The pathogenetic role of graft infection in the development of secondary aorto-enteric fistula is emphasized. The generally poor prognosis can be considerably improved if prompt resection of the graft is combined with axillo-bifemoral anastomosis.

  10. Nephrobronchial fistula secondary to xantogranulomatous pyelonephritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose R. De Souza

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Nephrobronchial fistula is a rare complication of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, a disease that can fistulize to lungs, skin, colon and other organs. CASE REPORT: A 37-year old patient presented a chronic history of lumbar pain and thoracic symptoms such as cough, dyspnea and oral elimination of pus. Patient went to several services and was submitted to 2 thorax surgeries before definitive treatment (nephrectomy was indicated. After nephrectomy, the patient presented an immediate improvement with weight gain (8 kg / 1 month and all his symptoms disappeared. CONCLUSION: This clinical case illustrates the natural history of nephrobronchial fistula, the importance of clinical history for diagnosis and the relevance of early treatment of renal lithiasis.

  11. CORONARY ARTERY FISTULA: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MZ Chowdhury

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of congenital abnormalities of coronary artery is about 2% of general population. Of these abnormalities 5% were related to coronary artery fistulae (CAF. We report a case of 66 year old diabetic woman who presented with retrosternal chest pain. Her chest pain was associated with exercise and progressively deteriorated over the last 6 months. Electrocardiography showed right bundle branch block and Echo Color Doppler revealed hypo kinetic lateral wall. Coronary angiogram detected nothing abnormal except an aberrant tortuous branch of left circumflex. CT scan revealed a calcified sac medial to the descended thoracic aorta. A contrast enhancement was also done. All these imaging impressions were suggestive of coronary-to-pulmonary fistula. Ibrahim Med. Coll. J. 2007; 1(1: 32-33

  12. Anomalous Right Subclavian Artery-Esophageal Fistulae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Courtney Brooke Shires

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available An aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA is the most common aortic arch anomaly, but only 19 previous cases of ARSA-esophageal fistula have been reported. Six patients have survived their bleeding episode. We describe the case of a 44-year-old woman who developed massive hemoptysis. Laryngoscopy, bronchoscopy, head and neck angiogram, and median sternotomy did not reveal what was presumed initially to be a tracheoinnominate fistula. Contrasted CT showed an anomalous subclavian artery posterior to the esophagus. Given the technical challenge of approaches for this pathology, the patient was unfit for open surgical repair. Therefore, endovascular covered stent grafts were deployed spanning the segment of the subclavian artery in continuity with the esophagus, via a right brachial artery approach. Unfortunately, the patient died after successful placement of the grafts.

  13. Fistula in ano: endoanal sonography versus endoanal MR imaging in classification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hussain, S. M.; Stoker, J.; Schouten, W. R.; Hop, W. C.; Laméris, J. S.

    1996-01-01

    To assess agreement between endoanal sonography, endoanal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and surgery in depiction and classification of fistula in ano. Twenty-eight consecutive patients with nonspecific, cryptoglandular fistula in ano were studied. The fistulas were classified with endoanal

  14. Distal esophageal spasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Sabine; Kahrilas, Peter J

    2015-07-01

    Distal esophageal spasm (DES) is a rare esophageal motility disorder associated with dysphagia and chest pain. In 2011, the diagnosis of DES was refined based on the occurrence of premature (rather than rapid) contractions by high-resolution manometry. New therapeutic options have also been recently proposed. Thus, a review on DES incorporating publications since 2012 is timely because of these revisions in definition and management. DES remains a heterogeneous clinical disorder. Its pathophysiology is still debated and DES might be related to achalasia. Alternatively, it might be secondary to medications, especially opiates. Endoscopic ultrasound might be informative diagnostically by demonstrating muscularis propria hypertrophy and thickening. Botulinum toxin injection in the esophageal body has been shown superior to placebo to relieve symptoms associated with DES. Finally, per oral endoscopic myotomy is a promising therapeutic approach, but may be less effective in DES than in achalasia. The diagnosis of DES should lead to a systematic search for medication that might promote the occurrence of esophageal dysmotility. Endoscopic treatment of DES (botulinum toxin injection or per oral endoscopic myotomy) should be further evaluated in controlled studies using current diagnostic criteria by high-resolution manometry.

  15. Traumatic fistula:the case for reparations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arletty Pinel

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available As a conflict strategy, women are often sexually assaulted using sticks, guns, branches of trees and bottles. Women’s genitals are deliberately destroyed, some permanently. Traumatic fistula often results. As with victims of torture and other grave human rights abuses, there exists an obligation to restore the women to health as far as possible and to provide reparation for their violations.

  16. [Nonsurgical treatment of coronary pulmonary arteriovenous fistula].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cano, M N; Kambara, A; Maldonado, G; Mattos, L A; Tanajura, L F; Fontes, V F; Pinto, I M; Feres, F; Sousa, A G; Sousa, J E

    1993-03-01

    Fifty eight year old man, with dyspnea, fatigue and progressive angina underwent cinecoronarography, which showed an arterio-venous coronary-pulmonary fistula originating from the circumflex artery to the pulmonary circulation. We decided to occlude it percutaneously, using a detachable balloon technic. The occlusion was accomplished successfully. Clinical evolution was excellent and the follow-up cinecoronarography 6 months later showed the maintainance of the initial results.

  17. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging for diagnosis of urethrovaginal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroz, Lieschen H; Shobeiri, S Abbas; Nihira, Mikio A

    2010-08-01

    We present a novel technique for visualization of a urethrovaginal fistula. A 52-year-old patient presented with persistent urinary incontinence, after having three mid-urethral sling procedures performed within the past year. The diagnosis of a urethrovaginal fistula was made by endovaginal 3-D endovaginal ultrasound and confirmed intraoperatively. We have described a novel technique that may benefit patients with urethrovaginal fistulas that are difficult to visualize.

  18. Operative Management of Small Bowel Fistulae Associated with Open Abdomen

    OpenAIRE

    Suvit Sriussadaporn; Sukanya Sriussadaporn; Kritaya Kritayakirana; Rattaplee Pak-art

    2006-01-01

    Gastrointestinal fistulae associated with open abdomen are serious complications following trauma or other major abdominal surgery. Management is extremely difficult and the mortality is still high in spite of modern medical advances. Patients who survive initial physiological and metabolic derangements require operative closure of the fistula, which is technically demanding and poorly described in the literature. Methods: A retrospective study of patients with small bowel fistulae associa...

  19. A case of vesicouterine fistula after cesarean section with delivery through the bladder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schroeder, T; Kristensen, J K

    1983-01-01

    We report a case of a vesicouterine fistula subsequent to delivery at cesarean section through the bladder. A first attempt to close the fistula failed but a second operation adhering to the general principles of fistula repair was successful.......We report a case of a vesicouterine fistula subsequent to delivery at cesarean section through the bladder. A first attempt to close the fistula failed but a second operation adhering to the general principles of fistula repair was successful....

  20. Tracheocutaneous Fistula Closure with Turnover Flap and Polydioxanone Plate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin R. Bryant, DO, MBA

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Summary:. An alternative surgical treatment is proposed for closure of tracheocutaneous fistulas. The authors present a new technique for reconstruction of persistent tracheocutaneous fistula resultant from temporary tracheostomy. The single-stage closure under local anesthesia involves a fistulous tract turnover flap with a perforated 0.15 mm polydioxanone plate between the flap and the subcutaneous closure. This article presents 3 cases of persistent tracheocutaneous fistula treated by this method. At follow-up examination after follow-up, no recurrent fistula formation had occurred, and no respiratory deformity was present.

  1. An algorithm for the physical examination of early fistula failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beathard, Gerald A

    2005-01-01

    Evaluation of a newly created fistula 4-6 weeks after surgery should be considered mandatory. If the fistula is going to become adequate for dialysis, it will be apparent at this time. This evaluation can be accomplished by physical examination. However, it must be performed by someone who is knowledgeable. Using a systematic approach facilitates the evaluation and ensures that a problem is not overlooked. Once it is determined that the fistula is dysfunctional, the case should be immediately referred for management to an interventionalist who is experienced in dealing with early fistula failure. The majority of these cases can be salvaged.

  2. Urethrocutaneous fistulae after hypospadias repair: When do they occur?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Adelene Y; Smith, Grahame Hh

    2016-05-01

    The aim is to determine the incidence and timing of urethrocutaneous fistula diagnosis after hypospadias surgery. A retrospective review of all patients who had both initial hypospadias surgery and subsequent fistula repair from 1995 to 2012. A comparison was made between patients who had an initial onlay island flap procedure and those who had a tubularised incised plate repair. Patient age at initial surgery ranged from 6 months to 16 years of age. The median time to fistula presentation was 8.5 months with a range of less than 1 month to 13.9 years post-hypospadias surgery. The median time to fistula repair was 17 months. The overall fistula rate was 8%. There was no significant difference between the rates of fistulae for onlay island flap (9%) versus tubularised incised plate procedure (7%). Urethrocutaneous fistulae can present many years after the original hypospadias repair. The majority are diagnosed within the first year after surgery. Rates of fistulae are probably underreported due to short follow-up, but more importantly, due to patients transferring to other surgeons for fistula repair. © 2016 The Author Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2016 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).

  3. Iliac arterial-enteric fistulas occurring after pelvic irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vetto, J.T.; Culp, S.C.; Smythe, T.B.; Chang, A.E.; Sindelar, W.F.; Sugarbaker, P.H.; Heit, H.A.; Giordano, J.M.; Kozloff, L.

    1987-01-01

    Fistulas from the iliac artery to the bowel constitute a condition that is often lethal. Excluding fistulas related to vascular grafts, a review of previously reported cases shows that they are most often due to atherosclerotic iliac aneurysms. Three unusual cases of this condition that occurred after high-dose pelvic irradiation for treatment of cancer are presented; in no case was recurrent tumor evident. These cases suggest that high-dose pelvic irradiation can predispose to the formation of iliac arterial-enteric fistulas, particularly if sepsis or inflammation develops. The definitive surgical management of these fistulas entails bowel resection, arterial ligation, and extra-anatomic bypass

  4. Airway Management Approach in Nasocutaneous Fistula: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanoja, Ivanna A; Toth, Kenneth S

    2018-01-15

    We present a case of a 63-year-old man with nasocutaneous fistula located outside the area covered by a large adult facemask. The patient was uncooperative for the standard airway assessment and any attempt at awake intubation. Positive pressure ventilation was compromised by the fistula. Although the incidence of overall complications, including fistula formation, following free flap reconstruction for oropharyngeal cancer is reported as high as 20%, few case reports detailing airway management exist. We demonstrate that it is possible to use conventional techniques to induce and ventilate a patient with a large, externalized, airway fistula by covering the defect with an occlusive transparent dressing.

  5. c-Kit signaling determines neointimal hyperplasia in arteriovenous fistulae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skartsis, Nikolaos; Martinez, Laisel; Duque, Juan Camilo; Tabbara, Marwan; Velazquez, Omaida C.; Asif, Arif; Andreopoulos, Fotios; Salman, Loay H.

    2014-01-01

    Stenosis of arteriovenous (A-V) fistulae secondary to neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) compromises dialysis delivery, which worsens patients' quality of life and increases medical costs associated with the maintenance of vascular accesses. In the present study, we evaluated the role of the receptor tyrosine kinase c-Kit in A-V fistula neointima formation. Initially, c-Kit was found in the neointima and adventitia of human brachiobasilic fistulae, whereas it was barely detectable in control veins harvested at the time of access creation. Using the rat A-V fistula model to study venous vascular remodeling, we analyzed the spatial and temporal pattern of c-Kit expression in the fistula wall. Interestingly, c-Kit immunoreactivity increased with time after anastomosis, which concurred with the accumulation of cells in the venous intima. In addition, c-Kit expression in A-V fistulae was positively altered by chronic kidney failure conditions. Both blockade of c-Kit with imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) and inhibition of stem cell factor production with a specific short hairpin RNA prevented NIH in the outflow vein of experimental fistulae. In agreement with these data, impaired c-Kit activity compromised the development of NIH in A-V fistulae created in c-KitW/Wv mutant mice. These results suggest that targeting of the c-Kit signaling pathway may be an effective approach to prevent postoperative NIH in A-V fistulae. PMID:25186298

  6. Multimodality Imaging of Left Circumflex Artery to Coronary Sinus Fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sze, Tan Ling; Abdul Aziz, Yang Faridah; Abu Bakar, Norzailin; Mohd Sani, Fadhli; Oemar, Hamid

    2015-01-01

    Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare anomaly of the coronary artery. Patients with this condition are usually asymptomatic. However, cardiac failure may occur later in life due to progressive enlargement of the fistula. Diagnosis is traditionally made by echocardiogram and conventional angiogram. However with the advantage of new technologies such as computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography, the course and communications of these fistulae can be delineated non-invasively and with greater accuracy. We report a case of a left circumflex artery fistula to the coronary sinus which was suspected on echocardiogram and the diagnosis was clinched on ECG-gated CT. PMID:25793089

  7. Ureterovaginal fistula: A complication of a vaginal foreign body

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsia-Shu Lo

    2018-02-01

    Conclusion: Ureterovaginal fistula following neglected vaginal foreign body is a serious condition. Early diagnosis, treatment of infection and proper surgical management can improve the outcome and decrease complications.

  8. Countermeasure against postoperative fistulas of head and neck cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hori, Yasutaka; Nishikawa, Kunio; Utida, Hiroshi; Fujisawa, Takurou; Eguchi, Motoharu

    2004-01-01

    It is very difficult to treat postoperative fistulas of head and neck cancer by irradiation and other preoperative therapy. We reviewed 179 patients with oral cancer, mesopharyngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer underwent reconstruction between 1994 and 2003. Our analysis reveals that the incidence of fistula is 18.4% and exposure dose is predisposing factor for fistula formation. We observed many fistulas in posterior of oral floor and pedicle flap more than free flap. There are 14 patients of surgical repair, we detected pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in them. (author)

  9. Obstetric fistula in low and middle income countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capes, Tracy; Ascher-Walsh, Charles; Abdoulaye, Idrissa; Brodman, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Vesicovaginal fistula secondary to obstructed labor continues to be an all-too-common occurrence in underdeveloped nations throughout Africa and Asia. Vesicovaginal fistula remains largely an overlooked problem in developing nations as it affects the most marginalized members of society: young, poor, illiterate women who live in remote areas. The formation of obstetric fistula is a result of complex interactions of social, biologic, and economic influences. The key underlying causes of fistula are the combination of a lack of functional emergency obstetric care, poverty, illiteracy, and low status of women. In order to prevent fistula, some strategies include creation of governmental policy aimed toward reducing maternal mortality/morbidity and increasing availability of skilled obstetric care, as well as attempts to increase awareness about its prevention and treatment among policymakers, service providers, and communities. Whereas prevention will require the widespread development of infrastructure within these developing countries, treatment of fistula is an act which can be done "in the now." Treatment and subsequent reintegration of fistula patients requires a team of specialists including surgeons, nurses, midwives, and social workers, which is largely unavailable in developing countries. However, there is increasing support for training of fistula surgeons through standardized programs as well as establishment of rehabilitation centers in many nations. The eradication of fistula is dependent upon building programs that target both prevention and treatment. © 2011 Mount Sinai School of Medicine.

  10. Urinary tract infection among fistula patients admitted at Hamlin fistula hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dereje, Matifan; Woldeamanuel, Yimtubezinesh; Asrat, Daneil; Ayenachew, Fekade

    2017-02-16

    Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) causes a serious health problem and affects millions of people worldwide. Patients with obstetric fistula usually suffer from incontinence of urine and stool, which can predispose them to frequent infections of the urinary tract. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the etiologic agents, drug resistance pattern of the isolates and associated risk factor for urinary tract infection among fistula patients in Addis Ababa fistula hospital, Ethiopia. Across sectional study was conducted from February to May 2015 at Hamlin Fistula Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Socio-demographic characteristics and other UTI related risk factors were collected from study participants using structured questionnaires. The mid-stream urine was collected and cultured on Cysteine lactose electrolyte deficient agar and blood agar. Antimicrobial susceptibility was done by using disc diffusion method and interpreted according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Data was entered and analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Out of 210 fistula patients investigated 169(80.5%) of the patient were younger than 25 years. Significant bacteriuria was observed in 122/210(58.1%) and 68(55.7%) of the isolates were from symptomatic cases. E.coli 65(53.7%) were the most common bacterial pathogen isolated followed by Proteus spp. 31(25.4%). Statistical Significant difference was observed with history of previous UTI (P = 0.031) and history of catheterization (P = 0.001). Gram negative bacteria isolates showed high level of resistance (>50%) to gentamicin and ciprofloxacin, while all gram positive bacteria isolated were showed low level of resistance (20-40%) to most of antibiotic tested. The overall prevalence of urinary tract infection among fistula patient is 58.1%. This study showed that the predominant pathogen of UTI were E.coli followed by Proteus spp. It also showed that amoxicillin-clavulanic acid was a drug of choice for urinary tract

  11. Do the Surgical Outcomes of Rectovaginal Fistula Repairs Differ for Obstetric and Nonobstetric Fistulas? A Retrospective Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Natalie E; Kobernik, Emily K; Berger, Mitchell B; Low, Chelsea M; Fenner, Dee E

    2017-09-15

    Rectovaginal fistulas can occur from both obstetric and nonobstetric (eg, inflammatory bowel disease, iatrogenic, or traumatic) etiologies. Current data on factors contributing to rectovaginal repair success or failure are limited, making adequate patient counseling difficult. Our objective was to compare outcomes of transperineal rectovaginal fistula repair performed in a single referral center on women with obstetric and nonobstetric causes. We performed a retrospective cohort study of women who had a transperineal rectovaginal fistula repair performed by a urogynecologist at the University of Michigan from 2005 to 2015. Data were obtained by chart review and included demographics, medical comorbidities, fistula etiology, history of a prior fistula repair, failure of current repair, time to failure, and operative details. Repair failure was defined as fistula symptoms with presence of recurrent fistula on exam or imaging in the postoperative follow-up period. Comparisons between the obstetric and nonobstetric cohorts were performed using χ, Fisher exact, and Wilcoxon rank sum tests. Relative risks were calculated to identify predictors of failure. Eighty-eight women were included-53 obstetric and 35 nonobstetric fistulas. The overall fistula repair failure rate was 22.7% (n = 20). Median follow-up was 157.0 days (range, 47.5-402.0). Of all the factors, only nonobstetric etiology was significantly associated with an increased risk of repair failure (relative risk, 3.53 [range, 1.50-8.32]; P = 0.004. Nonobstetric rectovaginal fistulas have a nearly 4-fold increased risk of repair failure compared with obstetric fistulas. Our results will help surgeons adequately counsel patients on potential outcomes of surgical repair of obstetric versus nonobstetric rectovaginal fistulas.

  12. Pancreatic pseudocyst-portal vein fistula: Serial imaging and clinical follow-up from pseudocyst to fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jee, Keun Nahn [Dept. of Radiology, Dankook University Hospital, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-03-15

    Pancreatic pseudocyst-portal vein fistula is an extremely rare complication of pancreatitis. Only 18 such cases have been previously reported in the medical literature. However, a serial process from pancreatic pseudocyst to fistula formation has not been described. The serial clinical and radiological findings in a 52-year-old chronic alcoholic male patient with fistula between pancreatic pseudocyst and main portal vein are presented.

  13. Management of anal fistula by ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zirak-Schmidt, Samira; Perdawood, Sharaf

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) is a sphincter-preserving procedure for treatment of anal fistulas described in 2007 by Rojanasakul et al. Several studies have since then assessed the procedure with varied results. This review assesses the relevant literature...... ligation methods varied considerably. Primary healing was achieved in 432 out of 612 (70.6%) patients, and no sphincter function impairments were reported. However, ten out of 19 reports did not include an objective assessment of pre- and post-operative continence. No apparent correlation between length...

  14. Transfemoral venous approach for Onyx embolization of anterior fossa dural arteriovenous fistulae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiotta, Alejandro M; Hawk, Harris; Kellogg, Ryan T; Turner, Raymond D; Chaudry, M Imran; Turk, Aquilla S

    2014-04-01

    Dural arteriovenous fistulae (dAVF) of the anterior fossa have a malignant course since they exclusively drain into cortical frontal veins and warrant aggressive treatment. Classically, these lesions have been treated with microsurgical clipping of the fistulous connection. We describe a transvenous approach for Onyx embolization of these lesions that relies on distal venous access using a flexible new-generation guide catheter. A retrospective review was performed of all patients with an anterior fossa dAVF treated at the Medical University of South Carolina since 2010. Charts, procedural records, angiographic images and follow-up were reviewed. Three patients were identified. Transfemoral venous access and distal transvenous sinus access was obtained in a retrograde fashion to at least the level of the right transverse sinus. Once a distal guide catheter position was obtained within the venous sinus system, a microcatheter was advanced into the predominant draining anterior frontal cortical vein in preparation for embolization. Onyx 34 embolization was then initiated from this position with the objective of achieving penetration across the vascular shunt. Our experience demonstrates that transvenous Onyx embolization offers an effective and safe alternative to the classic neurosurgical treatment of anterior fossa dAVF.

  15. Intramedullary Venous Drainage System for Distal Fingertip Replantations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purisa, Husrev; Ozturk, Muhammed Besir; Kabakas, Fatih; Mersa, Berkan; Ozcelik, Ismail Bulent; Sezer, Ilker

    2017-08-01

    The number of venous anastomoses performed during fingertip replantation is one of the most important factors affecting the success of replantation. However, because vessel diameters decrease in the zone 1 level, vessel anastomoses, especially vein anastomoses, are technically difficult and, thus, cannot be performed in most cases. Alternative venous drainage methods are crucial when any reliable vein repair is not possible. In the literature, so many artery-only replantation techniques have been defined, such as arteriovenous anastomoses, forming an arteriovenous or venocutaneous fistula, manual milking and massage, puncturing, and external bleeding via a fishmouth incision and using a medical leech. It has been shown that, in distal fingertip replantations, the medullary cavity may also be a good way for venous return. In this study, we introduce an alternative intramedullary venous drainage system we developed to facilitate venous drainage in artery-only fingertip replantations. The results of 24 fingertip replantations distal to the nail fold by using this system are presented with a literature review.

  16. Laparoscopic versus open distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riviere, Deniece; Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan; Kooby, David A; Vollmer, Charles M; Besselink, Marc G H; Davidson, Brian R; van Laarhoven, Cornelis J H M

    2016-04-04

    underwent open distal pancreatectomy); 11 studies (1506 participants: 353 undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy and 1153 undergoing open distal pancreatectomy) provided information for one or more outcomes. All of these studies were retrospective cohort-like studies or case-control studies. Most were at unclear or high risk of bias, and the overall quality of evidence was very low for all reported outcomes.Differences in short-term mortality (laparoscopic group: 1/329 (adjusted proportion based on meta-analysis estimate: 0.5%) vs open group: 11/1122 (1%); OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.11 to 2.17; 1451 participants; nine studies; I(2) = 0%), long-term mortality (HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.82 to 1.12; 277 participants; three studies; I(2) = 0%), proportion of people with serious adverse events (laparoscopic group: 7/89 (adjusted proportion: 8.8%) vs open group: 6/117 (5.1%); OR 1.79, 95% CI 0.53 to 6.06; 206 participants; three studies; I(2) = 0%), proportion of people with a clinically significant pancreatic fistula (laparoscopic group: 9/109 (adjusted proportion: 7.7%) vs open group: 9/137 (6.6%); OR 1.19, 95% CI 0.47 to 3.02; 246 participants; four studies; I(2) = 61%) were imprecise. Differences in recurrence at maximal follow-up (laparoscopic group: 37/81 (adjusted proportion based on meta-analysis estimate: 36.3%) vs open group: 59/103 (49.5%); OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.32 to 1.05; 184 participants; two studies; I(2) = 13%), adverse events of any severity (laparoscopic group: 33/109 (adjusted proportion: 31.7%) vs open group: 45/137 (32.8%); OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.54 to 1.66; 246 participants; four studies; I(2) = 18%) and proportion of participants with positive resection margins (laparoscopic group: 49/333 (adjusted proportion based on meta-analysis estimate: 14.3%) vs open group: 208/1133 (18.4%); OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.49 to 1.10; 1466 participants; 10 studies; I(2) = 6%) were also imprecise. Mean length of hospital stay was shorter by 2.43 days in the laparoscopic group than in the open group

  17. Analysis of 137 obstetric fistula cases seen at three fistula centres in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    All the patients had early marriage (before age 20 years) with median ages at first marriage of 15 years and at presentation in hospital of 16 years. Majority (93.4%) of the patients developed fistula during the first delivery. Approximately two-third of the patients had no form of education. Only 42.3% of the patients received ...

  18. Tracheo-oesophageal fistula diagnosed with multidetector computed tomography.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hodnett, Pa

    2009-04-01

    This case highlights important issues in investigation of patients with suspected tracheo-oesophageal fistula including the value of multidetector computed tomography, the importance of thorough imaging evaluation when high clinical suspicion of tracheo-oesophageal fistula exists and the value of close interaction between radiologists and intensive care physicians in the investigation of these patients.

  19. Facial fistula. Long-term sequelae of a complicated exodontia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alasseri, Nasser A; Assari, Ahmad S

    2015-04-01

    Facial cutaneous fistula is a complication of odontogenic infection that is often misdiagnosed with dermatological infection, and hence, mistreated. We report a case of facial fistula that developed 8 years following a dental extraction, presenting its clinical appearance, radiographical findings, and treatment approach.

  20. Obstetric vesico-vaginal fistula is preventable by timely recognition ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prevention of obstetric fistula should include universal access to maternity care, recognition and timely correction of abnormal progress of labour and punctilious attention to bladder care to avoid post-partum urinary retention. Key words: Obstetric fistula, Risk factors, Pathophysiology, Post-partum urinary retention ...

  1. Enterovesical fistula in an HIV patient – reactivation of tuberculosis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An enterovesical fistula can be defined as a fistulous connection between the bladder and the small or large bowel. These fistulas have diverse anatomical locations, causes and clinical features. Causes include infection, inflammatory disease, neoplasm, congenital conditions, trauma and iatrogenic injury. Diagnosis of.

  2. Traumatic urethrocutaneous fistula: Case report and literature review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A.O. Obi

    % to 1.6% of all trauma cases. Severe penile trauma may be complicated by urethrocutaneous fistula. A 22 year old male patient presented with urethrocutaneous fistula following severe crush injury of his penis from the rollers of a baking ...

  3. Choledochoduodenal fistula (CDF): a compication of chronic peptic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bilio-enteric fistulas have been reported though not common. They are usually incidental findings during certain investigative procedures. It is mostly associated with gallstones or penetrating abdominal injury. A case of choledochoduodenal fistula (CDF) complicating chronic duodenal ulcer disease picked up on upper ...

  4. gastrocolic fistula as a complication of benign gastric ulcer

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Colonoscopy was used in 4 patients and diagnosed fistula in 2. One patient who presented with haematemesis had the fistula diagnosed at surgery. All group A patients underwent partial gastrectomy with a Billroth I gastroduodenotomy and segmental colonic resection with primary anastomosis. There was no recurrence.

  5. An orbital fistula complicating anaerobic frontal sinusitis and osteomyelitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J. Simonsz (Huib); H.J.F. Peeters; G.M. Bleeker

    1982-01-01

    textabstractA patient is described with an orbital fistula complicating frontal sinusitis and osteomyelitis of the frontal bone. The fistula was excised, but a fortnight later an acute exacerbation occurred. From the discharging pus a Staphylococcus aureus was cultured and from mucosa obtained

  6. Anovestibular fistula with normal anal opening: Is it always congenital?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jain Prashant

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To review 12 cases of anovestibular fistula with normal anal opening. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 12 children with anovestibular fistula and normal anal opening were treated between the years 2000 and 2007. Of these, 11 patients were diagnosed as having acquired anovestibular fistula with normal anal opening and were managed by conservative management. Results: Most of them presented with diarrhea and labial redness. One patient was considered to have fistula of congenital origin and was managed surgically. Eleven patients presented between the ages of 1.5-11 months and were considered as cases of acquired anovestibular fistula and only two of them required surgical management in the form of colostomy and fistula excision. Others were successfully managed by conservative treatment; the fistulous output and labial redness decreased gradually within a period of 5-19 (average 11.5 days. Conclusions: Not all presentations of anovestibular fistula with normal anal opening can be considered as congenital. Presence of inflammation, paramedian fistula, and a favourable response to conservative management/colostomy suggest acquired etiology. Trial of conservative management should be given in the acquired variety.

  7. Treatment of pharyngocutaneous fistula acquired from incisions and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Treatment of pharyngocutaneous fistula acquired from incisions and drainage of deep neck space abscess in a patient with occult third branchial anomaly. ... We did surgical exploration to excise and close the fistula but only succeeded at the second attempt. Conclusion: We conclude that branchial apparatus anomaly ...

  8. Vesico Vaginal Fistula Following Sexual Assault: Case Report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    She had indwelling urethral catheter for 21 days with urinary antiseptic and the fistula healed. This approach is a treatment option in young girls with traumatic VVF particularly where limited tissue access will make surgical repair difficult. Key Words: Vesico-Vaginal Fistula, Sexual Assault. [ Trop J Obstet Gynaecol, 2004 ...

  9. Pyloro-duodenal hernia with formation of enterocutaneous fistula in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A body wall hernia entrapping abomasum and concurrent duodenal fistula in a buffalo calf aged about 8 months, secondary to a dog bite was successfully treated by closure of fistulous orifice and ventro lateral herniorrhaphy. Keywords: Abomaso-epiplocele, Buffalo calf, Duodenal fistula, Herniorrhaphy.

  10. Tuberculous anal fistulas – prevalence and clinical features in an ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tuberculous anal fistulas – prevalence and clinical features in an endemic area. D Stupart, P Goldberg, A Levy, D Govender. Abstract. Introduction. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) in anal fistulas at a referral hospital in Cape Town, and to document the clinical features and course of ...

  11. Congenital anterior penile isolated urethrocutaneous fistula: A case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Urethrocutaneous fistula is a common complication after hypospadias repair. If congenital, it is usually associated with other genitourinary and gastrointestinal anomalies. Isolated congenital urethral fistula is a very rare anomaly. We present a 4-year old circumcised boy with this unusual anomaly. Etiology, embryology, and ...

  12. Retained Products Of Conception In A Utero Cutaneous Fistula: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This is a case report of a patient with utero-cutaneous fistula following Caesarean Section and criminal abortion. Her case was further complicated by the discovery of products of conception within the fistula. At laparotomy, adhesiolysis with the freeing of the uterus and fistulectomy were performed. She had an uneventful ...

  13. Vesicovaginal Fistula: A Review of Nigerian Experience | Ijaiya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Stigmatization, divorce and social exclusion were common complications. Overall fistula repair success rate was between 75% and 92% in a few centres that offer such services. CONCLUSION: Vesicovaginal fistula is prevalent in Nigeria and obstetric factors are mostly implicated. It is a public health issue of concern.

  14. Post-Anastomotic Enterocutaneous Fistulas: Associated Factors and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Design A retrospective, hospital-based study of patients who developed enterocutaneous fistulas after resection and anastomosis. ... segment in the anastomosis (p=0.033), deranged electrolytes (p=0.045) and duration prior to surgery (p=0.045) were also found to be predictive of fistula formation on multivariate analysis.

  15. Esophagobronchial fistula - A rare complication of aluminum phosphide poisoning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhargava Sumeet

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Aluminum phosphide is a systemic lethal poison. Fistulous communication between esophagus and airway tract (esophagorespiratory fistula has rarely been reported in the survivors of aluminum phosphide poisoning. We report a case of benign esophagobronchial fistula secondary to aluminum phosphide poisoning, which to best of our knowledge has not been reported in the medical literature.

  16. Esophagobronchial fistula - A rare complication of aluminum phosphide poisoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhargava, Sumeet; Rastogi, Rajul; Agarwal, Ajay; Jindal, Gaurav

    2011-01-01

    Aluminum phosphide is a systemic lethal poison. Fistulous communication between esophagus and airway tract (esophagorespiratory fistula) has rarely been reported in the survivors of aluminum phosphide poisoning. We report a case of benign esophagobronchial fistula secondary to aluminum phosphide poisoning, which to best of our knowledge has not been reported in the medical literature.

  17. Esophagobronchial fistula - A rare complication of aluminum phosphide poisoning

    OpenAIRE

    Bhargava, Sumeet; Rastogi, Rajul; Agarwal, Ajay; Jindal, Gaurav

    2011-01-01

    Aluminum phosphide is a systemic lethal poison. Fistulous communication between esophagus and airway tract (esophagorespiratory fistula) has rarely been reported in the survivors of aluminum phosphide poisoning. We report a case of benign esophagobronchial fistula secondary to aluminum phosphide poisoning, which to best of our knowledge has not been reported in the medical literature.

  18. Genito-Urinary Fistula Patients at Bugando Medical Centre ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Information was collected on 1500 obstetric fistula patients attending Bugando Medical Centre (BMC) in Mwanza, Tanzania. Objectives: To identify high risk populations of fistula patients treated from 1998-2006. Design: A prospective description study of 1294 patients treated for urine and faecal incontinence ...

  19. Enterocutaneous Fistulas in the Setting of Trauma and Critical Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    an extension of the lesser sac inflammation through the leaves of the transverse mesocolon leading to direct involvement of the colon or thrombosis of...adjacent mesenteric vessels and infarction Figure 1 Enteroatmospheric fistula: forceps point to prox- imal small bowel fistula in the upper abdomen

  20. Gastrointestinal Fistula: Audit of management in a remote hospital ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The management of gastrointestinal fistula continues to present considerable challenge to the surgeon in general and gastrointestinal surgeon in particular. Objectives: To audit the management and report the outcome of the gastrointestinal fistula in a remote hospital. Setup: Eldamazeen Hospital is a regional ...

  1. Determinants of obstetric fistula in Ethiopia. Asrat Atsedeweyn ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-09-03

    Sep 3, 2017 ... evaluate time to recovery of obstetric fistula at Yirgalem. Fistula Hospital in Ethiopia and found that older ages at first marriage, weight less than 50 kg, height greater than. 150cm, follow up of antenatal care, delivery at health center, duration of labor for less than 2 day, vaginal deliv- ery, length and width of ...

  2. Repair of large palatal fistula using tongue flap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fejjal Nawfal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Large palatal fistulas are a challenging problem in cleft surgery. Many techniques are used to close the defect. The tongue flap is an easy and reproductible procedure for managing this complication. The authors report a case of a large palatal fistula closure with anteriorly based tongue flap.

  3. Splenic arteriovenous fistula treated with percutaneous transarterial embolization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, M.A.; Frevert, S.; Madsen, P.L.

    2008-01-01

    Splenic arteriovenous fistula is a rare complication following splenectomy. We report a case of a large splenic arteriovenous fistula 23 years after splenectomy in a 50-year old male with abdominal pain, gastro-intestinal bleeding, ascites, diarrhoea, dyspnoea, portal hypertension and heart failure...

  4. Rectovaginal fistula following sexual intercourse. | Ijaiya | Annals of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Female genital fistula is an important feature of the developing countries gynecology. Most of the rectovaginal fistulae encountered in the tropics are due to obstetrics causes and genital malignancies. In developed countries, radiation injury and Crohn's disease are also common etiological factors. The index case is ...

  5. Reverse Distal Transverse Palmar Arch in Distal Digital Replantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Ching-Yueh; Orozco, Oscar; Vinagre, Gustavo; Shafarenko, Mark

    2017-11-01

    Refinements in microsurgery have made distal finger replantation an established technique with high success rates and good functional and aesthetic outcomes. However, it still represents a technically demanding procedure due to the small vessel caliber and frequent lack of vessel length, requiring the use of interpositional venous grafts in some instances. We describe a new technique for anastomosis in fingertip replantation, whereby the need for venous grafts is eliminated. Applying the reverse distal transverse palmar arch technique, 11 cases of distal digital replantation were performed between January 2011 and July 2016. The described procedure was used for arterial anastomosis in 10 cases and arteriovenous shunting for venous drainage in 1 case. A retrospective case review was conducted. The technical description and clinical outcome evaluations are presented. Ten of the 11 replanted digits survived, corresponding to an overall success rate of 91%. One replant failed due to venous insufficiency. Blood transfusions were not required for any of the patients. Follow-up (range, 1.5-5 months) revealed near-normal range of motion and good aesthetic results. All of the replanted digits developed protective sensation. The average length of hospital admission was 5 days. All patients were satisfied with the results and were able to return to their previous work. The use of the reverse distal transverse palmar arch is a novel and reliable technique in distal digital replantation when an increase in vessel length is required, allowing for a tension-free arterial repair without the need for vein grafts.

  6. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair of a vesicouterine fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang-Jackson, Shao-Chun R; Acholonu, Uchenna C; Nezhat, Farr R

    2011-01-01

    As cesarean sections become a more common mode of delivery, they have become the most likely cause of vesicouterine fistula formation. The associated pathology with repeat cesarean deliveries may make repair of these fistulas difficult. Computer-enhanced telesurgery, also known as robotic-assisted surgery, offers a 3-dimensional view of the operative field and allows for intricate movements necessary for complex suturing and dissection. These qualities are advantageous in vesicouterine fistula repair. A healthy 34-year-old woman who underwent 4 cesarean deliveries presented with a persistent vesicouterine fistula. Conservative management with bladder decompression and amenorrhea-inducing agents failed. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair was successfully performed with the patient maintaining continence after surgery. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair of vesicouterine fistulas offers a minimally invasive approach to treatment of a complex disease process.

  7. A Case of Pyriform Sinus Fistula Infection with Double Tracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masato Shino

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pyriform sinus fistula is a rare clinical entity and the precise origin remains controversial. The fistula is discovered among patients with acute suppurative thyroiditis or deep neck infection of the left side of the neck and is usually located in the left pyriform sinus. To the best of our knowledge, only a single tract has been reported to be responsible for pyriform sinus fistula infection. We present a case of a 13-year-old female patient with a pyriform sinus fistula that caused a deep infection of the left side of the neck and showed double-tract involvement discovered during surgical resection of the entire fistula. Both tracts arose around the pyriform sinus and terminated at the upper portion of the left lobe of the thyroid.

  8. Ramiprilate inhibits functional matrix metalloproteinase activity in Crohn's disease fistulas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Efsen, Eva; Saermark, Torben; Hansen, Alastair

    2011-01-01

    Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, -3 and -9 has been demonstrated in Crohn's disease fistulas, but it is unknown whether these enzymes are biologically active and represent a therapeutic target. Therefore, we investigated the proteolytic activity of MMPs in fistula tissue...... and examined the effect of inhibitors, including clinically available drugs that beside their main action also suppress MMPs. Fistula specimens were obtained by surgical excision from 22 patients with Crohn's disease and from 10 patients with fistulas resulting from other causes. Colonic endoscopic biopsies......-diamine-tetraacetic acid (EDTA), the synthetic broad-spectrum inhibitor, GM6001, the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, ramiprilate, and the tetracycline, doxycycline. In Crohn's disease fistulas, about 50% of the total protease activity was attributable to MMP activity. The average total MMP activity...

  9. Repair of a vesicouterine fistula following cesarean section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milani, Rodolfo; Cola, Alice; Frigerio, Matteo; Manodoro, Stefano

    2018-02-01

    Vesicouterine fistula is a rare complication of cesarean section. The aim of this video is to present a case report and to provide a tutorial on the surgical technique of delayed transvaginal repair of a high vesicouterine fistula that developed after cesarean section with manual removal of a morbidly adherent placenta. A 43-year-old woman was referred to our unit for continuous urinary leakage 3 months after undergoing a cesarean section with manual removal of a morbidly adherent placenta. A vesicouterine fistula starting from the posterior bladder wall was identified. The surgical repair consisted of a transvaginal layered repair as shown in the video. No surgical complications were observed postoperatively. Two months after surgery the fistula had not recurred and the patient reported no urinary leakage. Transvaginal layered primary repair of vesicouterine fistula was shown to be a safe and effective procedure for restoring continence. The vaginal route can be particularly attractive for urogynecological surgeons.

  10. USAID program for the prevention and treatment of vaginal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, P; Stanton, M E

    2007-11-01

    The cornerstone of the US Agency for International Development (USAID) fistula program is to support and strengthen local capacity for fistula repair. The USAID program includes support to upgrade facilities, enhance local surgical repair capability, allocate equipment and supplies to operating rooms, implement quality improvement systems, and cover the women's transportation costs to and from the treatment facilities. The program also offers training in clinical and counseling skills; transferring skills South-to-South; and monitoring and evaluating the program's effectiveness. As new fistula cases continually increase the backlog of untreated cases, its efforts are also directed toward the prevention of fistula and the reintegration of treated women into their communities. Furthermore, the program challenges the culture of sexual violence against women that leads to traumatic gynecologic fistulas.

  11. A STUDY ON MANAGEMENT OPTIONS ON ENTEROCUTANEOUS FISTULA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Periaswamy

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Enterocutaneous Fistulas (ECF present as a deadly complication following abdominal surgery in the postoperative period. Over the past four decades, the mortality from enterocutaneous fistula has diminished from 40-60% to approximately 15-20%. This improvement in prognosis is due to recent advances in treatment modalities. In the present era, sepsis accounts for more than 80% of deaths. METHODS 41 cases of gastrointestinal fistulas were included; 34 patients were male and 7 patients were female and aged 40-60 years. RESULTS 95% of the fistulas seen in the postoperative setting and maximum in the age group of 40-60. The incidence is high in males. CONCLUSION Concluded from the study that postoperative causes account for the majority of gastrointestinal fistulas and associated factors like sepsis, malnutrition, malignancy, low serum albumin level are the factors that prevent the spontaneous closure.

  12. An arteriovenous fistula following chalazion excision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dias-Amborcar Yuri

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available An arteriovenous fistula secondary to a chalazion is a rare occurrence. It may follow spontaneous necrosis or surgical trauma. Digital subtraction angiography and identification of the arterial feeders combined with direct puncture of the nidus and embolization is recommended, as surgical excision becomes much easier and results in a complete excision of the lesion. Conchal cartilage graft is a useful lining material for reconstruction of the tarsal plate due to its natural curvature. It restores lid integrity and ensures a stable and functional eyelid.

  13. Pulmonary arterio-venous micro fistulae - Diagnostic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ebram, J.C.

    1989-01-01

    Four patients with pulmonary arterio-venous micro-fistulae - of which two were male (50%) - the ages varying from 10 to 43 (X sup(∼) = 22,7), were studied at the Cardiology Centre of the 6th Ward of Santa Casa da Misericordia Hospital in Rio de Janeiro. They were all basically suffering from Manson's Schistosomiasis, the hepato-splenic form in 3 cases (75%) and the Rendu Osler Weber disease with juvenile cirrhosis in 1 case (25%). All four of them had portal hypertension. The individual cases were clinically evaluate with X-rays, scintillographic and hemodynamic tests. (author)

  14. Endovascular management of acute bleeding arterioenteric fistulas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leonhardt, H.; Mellander, S.; Snygg, J.

    2008-01-01

    . All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean...... follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed...

  15. Endovascular management of acute bleeding arterioenteric fistulas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leonhardt, H.; Mellander, S.; Snygg, J.

    2008-01-01

    follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed...... reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding...

  16. Recurrent anal fistulae: limited surgery supported by stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Olmo, Damian; Guadalajara, Hector; Rubio-Perez, Ines; Herreros, Maria Dolores; de-la-Quintana, Paloma; Garcia-Arranz, Mariano

    2015-03-21

    To study the results of stem-cell therapy under a Compassionate-use Program for patients with recurrent anal fistulae. Under controlled circumstances, and approved by European and Spanish laws, a Compassionate-use Program allows the use of stem-cell therapy for patients with very complex anal fistulae. Candidates had previously undergone multiple surgical interventions that had failed to resolve the fistulae, and presented symptomatic recurrence. The intervention consisted of limited surgery (with closure of the internal opening), followed by local implant of stem cells in the fistula-tract wall. Autologous expanded adipose-derived stem cells were the main cell type selected for implant. The first evaluation was performed on the 8(th) postoperative week; outcome was classified as response or partial response. Evaluation one year after the intervention confirmed if complete healing of the fistula was achieved. Ten patients (8 male) with highly recurrent and complex fistulae were treated (mean age: 49 years, range: 28-76 years). Seven cases were non-Crohn's fistulae, and three were Crohn's-associated fistulae. Previous surgical attempts ranged from 3 to 12. Two patients presented with preoperative incontinence (Wexner scores of 12 and 13 points). After the intervention, six patients showed clinical response on the 8(th) postoperative week, with a complete cessation of suppuration from the fistula. Three patients presented a partial response, with an evident decrease in suppuration. A year later, six patients (60%) remained healed, with complete reepithelization of the external opening. Postoperative Wexner Scores were 0 in six cases. The two patients with previous incontinence improved their scores from 12 to 8 points and from 13 to 5 points. No adverse reactions or complications related to stem-cell therapy were reported during the study period. Stem cells are safe and useful for treating anal fistulae. Healing can be achieved in severe cases, sparing fecal

  17. A Case of Distal Vaginal Agenesis Presenting with Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection and Pyuria in a Prepubertal Girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dural, Ozlem; Ugurlucan, Funda Gungor; Yasa, Cenk; Bastu, Ercan; Eren, Hulya; Yuksel, Bahar; Celik, Serdal; Akhan, Suleyman Engin

    2017-02-01

    Isolated distal vaginal agenesis is a rare anomaly and mostly becomes symptomatic after menarche. We describe an unusual presentation of this anomaly in a prepubertal girl. An 11-year-old prepubertal girl presented with recurrent urinary tract infection, pyuria, and right-sided renal agenesis. The findings of perineal inspection, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging were consistent with a distal vaginal agenesis with pyometrocolpos. Discharging pyometrocolpos with dissection of the atretic portion and a pull-through vaginoplasty were performed. A cystoscopy showed no sign of a vesicovaginal or uterine fistula. This rare presentation of distal vaginal agenesis reminds us that congenital malformations of the female genital tract should be considered in patients with congenital anomalies of the urinary system and/or recurrent urinary tract infection, even during the prepubertal period. Copyright © 2016 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Experience with totally laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with splenic preservation for pediatric trauma--2 techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutkoski, John D; Segura, Bradley J; Kane, Timothy D

    2011-03-01

    Blunt pancreatic traumatic injury in children, although rare, can be managed with a variety of methods from nonoperative, early operative, or delayed operative strategies. In the appropriate setting, early operative intervention has been associated with shorter hospitalization and decreased morbidity for these patients. Case reports describe laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for isolated pancreatic laceration in children. This article presents the experience and results of the first series of totally laparoscopic, spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomies for trauma in children. Three children aged 8 to 13 years underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with splenic preservation for traumatic pancreatic transection within 72 hours of initial injury. Computed tomography imaging in all patients demonstrated complete pancreatic transection. The details of 2 operative techniques used for totally laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy are described. The data for associated injuries, amylase/lipase levels, operative management, postoperative course, length of stay, complications, and follow-up were collected for all patients. All 3 children aged 8, 10, and 13 years underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy without splenectomy within 72 hours of injury (23, 48, and 72 hours). The mechanism of injury was from a bicycle handle, knee to abdomen, and dirt bike handle, respectively. The length of hospital stay was 6, 15, and 7 days with follow-up of 12, 35, and 34 months. The 2 older children underwent pancreatic transection with an endostapler, and the 8-year-old had the pancreatic remnant oversewn by hand. Use of postoperative total parenteral nutrition continued for 0, 13, and 7 days. Complications included an abdominal wall hematoma and prolonged ileus with mild pancreatitis. There were no pancreatic fistulae or insufficiency. All patients are doing well and are asymptomatic from prior injury and laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. In the appropriate pediatric patient

  19. Additional Value of SPECT/CT to Tc-99m MAG3 Renal Scintigraphy in the Diagnosis of a Patient with Ureteroileal Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilüfer Yıldırım Poyraz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available We performed Tc-99m MAG3 dynamic renal scintigraphy followed by a SPECT/CT imaging to a 38-yr-old woman who had a fistula in the lower urinary tract after a gynecological operation for diagnostic purposes. After scintigraphy, CT and fusion images were evaluated, it was observed that the activity in the right lower quadrant was actually in the ileal lumen. When early and late SPECT/CT images were compared, it was seen that the activity was moving distally with intestinal peristaltism. The reason for diagnostic imaging of the fistulas is not only to show the existence of the fistula but also locate it anatomically before the surgery. SPECT systems integrated with CT scanning provide functional and anatomical imaging at the same session. Dynamic renal scintigraphy and abdominal SPECT/CT, is a safe diagnostic procedure in visualization of urinary tract fistulas with advantages of the low cost, low radiation exposure and easier tolerability compared to double contrast imaging. (MIRT 2012;21:84-87

  20. Percutaneous treatment of a duodenocutaneous high-flow fistula using a new biological plug.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crespo Vallejo, Eduardo; Martinez-Galdamez, Mario; Del Olmo Martínez, Lourdes; Crespo Brunet, Eduardo; Santos Martin, Ernesto

    2015-01-01

    Enterocutaneous fistula is a challenging entity and a gold-standard treatment is not settled so far. Here, we describe the successful closure of a duodenocutaneous fistula with the use of the Biodesign enterocutaneous fistula plug (Cook Medical), which is derived from a biological plug that has been used in recent years in order to close anorectal fistula tracts.

  1. Genito-urinary fistula: a major morbidity in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sachdev, P.S.; Hassan, N.; Abbasi, R.M.; Das, C.M.

    2009-01-01

    Uro-genital fistulas, majority of which are vesico-vaginal fistulas (VVF), are a great challenge for women in developing countries. It is commonly caused by prolong obstructed labour and is one of the worst complications of child birth and poor obstetric care. The objective of this descriptive study was to review the cases of genitourinary fistulae so as to understand the magnitude of the problem and its aetiology and to share our experience of surgical repair with other specialists in this field. The study was conducted at Gynaecological Unit-II, Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad, Pakistan from June 1996 to December 2007. The case records of all patients admitted and managed during study period were reviewed. The information regarding characteristics, risk factors and surgical management was collected. The data was analysed by SPSS and mean, range, standard deviation and percentage were calculated. During the study period, 278 patients with genitourinary fistulae were admitted and managed. The mean age of patients with urinary fistulae was 31.5+-7.5 years, parity was 4.2+-2.8, and duration of labour was 38.4+-6.5 hours. The duration of fistulae ranged from 1 day to 25 years. Obstructed labour 246 (88.4%) was the most common cause of urinary fistulae, followed by gynaecological surgeries mainly hysterectomies 26 (9.35%). The most common type of urinary fistula was vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) 250 (89.9%). A total of 268 underwent surgery. Almost all 261 (97.3%) urinary fistulae were repaired transvaginally except patients with ureterovaginal and vesico-uterine fistulae. The most common surgical procedure used was layered closure. Martius graft was used in 3 (1.1%) patients, who required creation of new urethra. The success rate following first, second and third attempt was 85%, 91% and 96% respectively. Urogenital fistulae are rarity in developed world, but are frequently encountered problem in developing countries like Pakistan, often resulting from prolonged

  2. Post pneumonectomy empyema with bronchopleural fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirata, Seiyu; Yamamoto, Kensuke.

    1991-01-01

    A 48-year-old woman underwent a right pneumonectomy for advanced mycobacterial disease (M. avium Complex), which followed the postoperative radiotherapy against a malignant schwannoma of the right lower chest wall treated seven years ago. On the 13th postoperative day, re-suture of the bronchial stump was performed urgently because of early bronchopleural fistula development. On the heels of that, reclosure of the bronchial fistula with coverage of the stump by parietal pleural flap was performed on the forty-first post operative day. On the 110th day, however, open drainage with thoracoplasty was performed because development of insidious aspergillous empyema was detected. Since then, local instillation of amphotellisin B, with an oral administration of antifungus drug was started. After succeeding to control the mycotic infection, reclosure of the bronchofistula, covered with pedicled intercostal muscle flap were performed on the 280th postoperative day and extraperiostal air-plombage for reducing empyema cavity. Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged one year later. With respect to pathogenetic relationship between radiation pneumonitis and feasibility of infection to atypical mycobacteria, preoperative radiotherapy and concurrence of postoperative bronchofistula, and some problems on management of empyema bronchofistula were briefly discussed. (author)

  3. [Prevention and management of postresectional bronchopleural fistula].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishikawa, Shigemi

    2008-07-01

    Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is still a life-threatening complication after pulmonary resection. Several factors were identified to contribute BPF. Meticulous surgical technique and the liberal use of prophylactic, pedicled flaps are important for prevention. Although these patients often present compromised and moribund, evaluation and management should proceed in a logical, stepwise fashion. In high-risk surgical patients, bronchoscopic procedures using different glues and sealants may serve as a temporary bridge until the patient's recovery or as a permanent resolution. However persistent conservative therapy may deteriorate patient's condition. Immediate creation of open window thoracotomy has been shown to be a significant predictor of wound closure afterwards. Pedicled muscle or omental flaps are useful to close bronchial stump and to fill the residual space in the thorax after pulmonary resection. Once fistula closed, the pleural space is filled with an antibiotic solution and then the open window thoracotomy closed in layers as Clagett procedure. The transternal transpericardial approach to recalcitrant postpneumonectomy BPF can be considered when patients have failed prior closure attempt. To conclude, survival and excellent result of BPF depends on early diagnosis, and aggressive surgical intervention.

  4. Evolution of minimally invasive distal pancreatectomies at a single institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian K P Goh

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This study aims to study the changing trends and outcomes associated with the adoption of minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP at a single centre. Materials and Methods: Retrospective review of sixty consecutive patients who underwent MIDP from September 2006 to November 2016 at a single institution. To study the evolution of MIDP, the study population was divided into three groups consisting of twenty patients (Group I, Group II and Group III. Results: Sixty patients underwent MIDP with 11 (18.3% requiring open conversions. The median operation time was 305 (range: 85–775 min and the median post-operative stay was 6 (range: 3–73 days. Fifteen procedures were spleen-saving pancreatectomies. Major post-operative morbidity (>Grade 2 occurred in 12 (20.0% patients and there was no mortality or reoperations. There were 33 (55.0% pancreatic fistulas, of which 15 (25.0% were Grade B fistulas of which 12 (20.0% required percutaneous drainage. Comparison between the three groups demonstrated a statistically significant increase in the frequency of procedures performed, increase in robotic-assisted procedures and proportion of asymptomatic tumours resected. There also tended to be non-significant decrease in open conversion rates from 25% to 5% between the three groups and increase in tumour size resected from 24 to 40 mm. Conclusion: Comparison between the three groups demonstrated that MIDP was performed with increased frequency. There was a statistically significant increase in the frequency of resections performed for asymptomatic tumours and resections performed through robotic assistance. There was also a non-significant trend towards a decrease in open conversions and increase in the size of tumours resected.

  5. Traumatic Distal Ulnar Artery Thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet A. Karaarslan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about a posttraumatic distal ulnar artery thrombosis case that has occurred after a single blunt trauma. The ulnar artery thrombosis because of chronic trauma is a frequent condition (hypothenar hammer syndrome but an ulnar artery thrombosis because of a single direct blunt trauma is rare. Our patient who has been affected by a single blunt trauma to his hand and developed ulnar artery thrombosis has been treated by resection of the thrombosed ulnar artery segment. This report shows that a single blunt trauma can cause distal ulnar artery thrombosis in the hand and it can be treated merely by thrombosed segment resection in suitable cases.

  6. Management of Pharyngocutaneous Fistula With Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Sérgio; Costa, Joana; Bartosch, Isabel; Correia, Bernardo; Silva, Álvaro

    2017-06-01

    Pharyngocutaneous fistula is a common complication of laryngopharyngeal surgery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Beyond the classical management, negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) can be an alternative and effective treatment. Two patients with pT3N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma of pyriform sinus were subjected to total laryngectomy and pharyngoesophageal reconstruction of a circular (patient 1) and an anterior wall defect (patient 2) with radial forearm free flap and pectoralis major muscle flap, respectively. Both developed a pharyngocutaneous fistula and NPWT was used.A significant decrease of the fistula aperture and exudate was observed after 22 and 21 days of NPWT in patients 1 and 2, respectively. After that standard wound care was instituted and closure of the fistulae was accomplished in 5 and 7 days, respectively. Negative-pressure wound therapy can be an effective treatment for pharyngocutaneous fistula closure, either in the setting of fistulae that persist besides multiple surgical revisions using muscle flaps or as a first-line therapy when fistulae develops.

  7. Cutaneous Basal Cell Carcinoma Arising in Odontogenic Cutaneous Fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Nam Gyun; Kim, Jun Oh; Park, Young Ji; Kim, Jun Sik; Lee, Yoon Jung; Lee, Kyung Suk

    2017-06-01

    An odontogenic cutaneous fistula is a pathological communication between the outer skin surface of the face and the oral cavity. Facial cutaneous fistula is a complication of odontogenic infection that is often misdiagnosed with skin infection. We report a rare case, which was diagnosed as basal cell carcinoma based on the biopsy of skin lesions in the patient who had been diagnosed with odontogenic cutaneous fistula. A 64-year-old male patient presented with a cutaneous odontogenic fistula. The patient had undergone surgical extraction of fistula tract and loose tooth before dermatology or plastic surgery consultation. With the biopsy and computed tomography, it was confirmed that fistula and basal cell carcinoma. However, the connection between the fistula and skin cancer was not clear. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan was performed and was not detected as other local or distant metastasis. After that, wide excision of the skin lesion was performed. Although skin cancer is not commonly observed, it is necessary to rule out this disease entity by performing biopsy of skin lesions.

  8. Gurya cutting and female genital fistulas in Niger: ten cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouedraogo, Itengre; McConley, Regina; Payne, Christopher; Heller, Alison; Wall, L Lewis

    2018-03-01

    The objective was to determine the contribution of female genital cutting to genital fistula formation in Niger from the case records of a specialist fistula hospital. A retrospective review was undertaken of the records of 360 patients seen at the Danja Fistula Center, Danja, Niger, between March 2014 and September 2016. Pertinent clinical and socio-demographic data were abstracted from the cases identified. A total of 10 fistulas resulting from gurya cutting was obtained: 9 cases of urethral loss and 1 rectovaginal fistula. In none of the cases was genital cutting performed for obstructed labor or as part of ritual coming-of-age ceremonies, but all cutting procedures were considered "therapeutic" within the local cultural context as treatment for dyspareunia, lack of interest in or unwillingness to engage in sexual intercourse, or female behavior that was deemed to be culturally inappropriate by the male spouse, parents, or in-laws. Clinical cure (fistula closed and the patient continent) was obtained in all 10 cases, although 3 women required more than one operation. Gurya cutting is an uncommon, but preventable, cause of genital fistulas in Niger. The socio-cultural context which gives rise to gurya cutting is explored in some detail.

  9. Left atrio-esophageal fistula of a possibly iatrogenic aetiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arkuszewski, Piotr; Barzdo, Maciej; Ostrowski, Stanisław; Szram, Stefan; Berent, Jarosław

    2015-07-01

    The study presents an exceptionally rare case of an esophago-left atrial fistula, which was diagnosed during a forensic post-mortem examination. Due to complex nature of the disease and many attempts to cure the patient, the authors did not manage to identify the aetiology of the fistula. It was only implied that the fistula might have been a distant complication of intraoperative endocardial ablation or it might have appeared as a consequence of perforation of the esophageal wall or left atrial wall of the enlarged heart with the end of an intubation tube or nasogastric tube. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Thyrocervical artery - jugular fistula following internal jugular venous catheterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P P Zachariah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Arteriovenous fistula (AVF is an anomalous communication between an artery and a vein, caused by an iatrogenic or traumatic etiology. Surgically created upper limb AVF remains the preferred vascular access for patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Nonetheless central vein cannulation for hemodialysis is a common procedure done in patients who need hemodialysis. We incidentally detected a thyrocervical artery - jugular fistula in a patient on maintenance hemodialysis. He underwent a successful intra arterial coil embolization of the feeding vessel. Review of literature has shown that, a thyrocervical artery - internal jugular vein arteriovenous fistula following a central venous catheterization has not been reported so far.

  11. Key to successful vesico vaginal fistula repair, an experience of urogenital fistula surgeries and outcome at gynaecological surgical camp 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jatoi, N.; Jatoi, N.M.; Sirichand, P.

    2008-01-01

    Vesico-vaginal fistula is not life threatening medical problem, but the woman face demoralization, social boycott and even divorce and separation. The aetiology of the condition has been changed over the years and in developed countries obstetrical fistula are rare and they are usually result of gynaecological surgeries or radiotherapy. Urogenital fistula surgery doesn't require special or advance technology but needs experienced urogynaecologist with trained team and post operative care which can restore health, hope and sense of dignity to women. This prospective study was carried out to analyze the success rate in patients attending the referral hospital and sent from free gynaecological surgery camps held at interior of Sindh, and included preoperative evaluation for route of surgery, operative techniques and postoperative care. Total 70 patients were admitted from the patients attending the camp. Out of these, 29 patients had uro-genital fistula. Surgical repair of the fistula was done through vaginal route on 27 patients while 2 required abdominal approach. Out of 29 surgical repairs performed, 27 proved successful. Difficult and complicated fistulae need experienced surgeon. Establishment of separate fistula surgery unit along with appropriate care and expertise accounts for the desired results. (author)

  12. Vesical calculus associated with vesicovaginal fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Huei Cheng

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF is relatively common after radiotherapy, but the formation of a bladder stone after VVF is still rare. The diagnosis is often delayed, and mortality sometimes occurs with delayed diagnosis and treatment, especially in elderly and disabled women. To increase knowledge of this unusual condition—vesical stone associated with VVF—we present a case report, and summarize the published cases to review this topic, focusing on the etiology, symptoms and signs, and recent management strategy. Finally, based on this case report, we emphasize that careful physical examination and the use of less invasive and economic tools, such as plain X-ray are important to investigate this very sick and old lady, because these strategies could help us to make an accurate diagnosis earlier without the need for more aggressive, invasive, and expensive tools.

  13. A novel model of distal colon cancer in athymic mice Novo modelo de câncer de cólon distal em camundongos atímicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Gonçalves Priolli

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The present a novel adenocarcinoma model in athymic mice. METHODS: Seven athymic mice were used. Colon diversion and distal fistula were made. Adenocarcinoma cells were inoculated in the submucosa of fistula. Tumor growth was monitored daily. Scintigraphy with 99mTc-MIBI was performed to identify the tumor. RESULTS: The model of distal colon cancer is feasible. Tumor detection was possible by both, macroscopically and molecular imaging. All resections demonstrated poorly differentiated tumors. Colon obstruction occurred in one case, similarly to evolution in human tumors of distal colon. CONCLUSION: The proposed model of distal colon cancer is feasible, allows for easy monitoring of tumoral growth by both, macroscopically and molecular imaging, and is suitable for studying the evolution of tumor with implementation of cytotoxic therapy in vivo.OBJETIVO: Apresentar novo modelo de adenocarcinoma distal em camundongos atímicos. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados sete camundongos atímicos. Desvio do cólon distal e fístula foram feitas. Células de adenocarcinoma foram inoculadas na submucosa da fístula. O crescimento do tumor foi monitorado diariamente. Cintilografia com 99mTc-MIBI foi realizada para identificar o tumor. RESULTADOS: O modelo de câncer de cólon distal é viável. Detecção do tumor foi possível macroscopicamente e por imagem molecular. Todas as ressecções demonstraram tumores pouco diferenciados. Obstrução do cólon ocorreu em um caso, de forma semelhante à evolução em tumores humanos do cólon distal. CONCLUSÃO: O modelo de câncer do cólon distal proposto é viável, permite a monitorização fácil do crescimento tumoral macroscopicamente e por imagem molecular, sendo adequado para o estudo da evolução de tumor com aplicação de terapia citotóxica in vivo.

  14. Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula with spinal medullary venous drainage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wiesmann, M.; Padovan, C.S.; Pfister, H.W.; Yousry, T.A.

    2000-01-01

    We report on a 46-year-old patient in whom an intracranial dural arteriovenous (AV) fistula, supplied by a branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery, drained into spinal veins and produced rapidly progressive symptoms of myelopathy and brainstem dysfunction including respiratory insufficiency. Magnetic resonance imaging studies demonstrated brainstem oedema and dilated veins of the brainstem and spinal cord. Endovascular embolization of the fistula led to good neurological recovery, although the patient had been paraplegic for 24 h prior to embolization. This case demonstrates the MRI characteristics of an intracranial dural AV fistula with spinal drainage and illustrates the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. Even paraplegia may be reversible, if angiography is performed and the fistula treated before ischaemic and gliotic changes become irreversible. (orig.)

  15. Clinical and echocardiographic features of aorto-atrial fistulas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ananthasubramaniam Karthik

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aorto-atrial fistulas (AAF are rare but important pathophysiologic conditions of the aorta and have varied presentations such as acute pulmonary edema, chronic heart failure and incidental detection of the fistula. A variety of mechanisms such as aortic dissection, endocarditis with pseudoaneurysm formation, post surgical scenarios or trauma may precipitate the fistula formation. With increasing survival of patients, particularly following complex aortic reconstructive surgeries and redo valve surgeries, recognition of this complication, its clinical features and echocardiographic diagnosis is important. Since physical exam in this condition may be misleading, echocardiography serves as the cornerstone for diagnosis. The case below illustrates aorto-left atrial fistula formation following redo aortic valve surgery with slowly progressive symptoms of heart failure. A brief review of the existing literature of this entity is presented including emphasis on echocardiographic diagnosis and treatment.

  16. Rectovaginal fistula: a review of 11 years experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shieh, C.J.; Gennaro, A.R.

    1984-01-01

    The records of 22 patients at Temple University Hospital with a diagnosis of rectovaginal fistula, from January 1970 to December 1980, were reviewed. The age at the time of diagnosis ranged from 18 to 75 years with an average of 47.3 years. Most had symptoms and signs which included fecal incontinence, flatus passage per vagina, tenesmus, distressing diarrhea and urinary tract infection. The majority of the fistulas were present for more than a year before the corrective operative procedure was attempted. The patients were divided into two groups: postirradiation fistulas and non-irradiation fistulas. The former resulted from the treatment of carcinoma of the cervix, urinary bladder, urethra, or rectum. The latter resulted from inflammatory bowel diseases, diverticulitis, or trauma from obstetric procedures. The former group were usually treated conservatively, either no operation or defunctioning colostomy. The latter group were treated more aggressively, either by direct repair or resection of the diseased segment

  17. Vesicovaginal fistula complicating uterine evacuation: a case report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vesicovaginal fistula complicating uterine evacuation: a case report. MA Ijaiya, AP Aboyeji, GA Fawole, AAG Jimoh, OO Alabi, AO Olarinoye, OL Akintade, OK Ogah, DNC Nwachukwu, OA Alabi, SA Esuga, ZB Ijaiya ...

  18. Ureterovaginal fistula: A complication of a vaginal foreign body.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Tsia-Shu; Jaili, Sukanda Bin; Ibrahim, Rami; Kao, Chuan Chi; Uy-Patrimonio, Ma Clarissa

    2018-02-01

    To know the diagnostic tools and proper management of ureterovaginal fistula following neglected vaginal foreign body in order to achieve optimal outcome. A case of ureterovaginal fistula associated with a neglected vaginal foreign body. The patient was complaining of a foul-smelling vaginal discharge and lower abdominal pain. On vaginal examination, a hard and large foreign body was found. Examination under anesthesia was performed, and an aerosol cap was removed from her vagina. The patient developed urinary incontinence after removal of the foreign body. Subsequent work-up demonstrated the presence of a right ureterovaginal fistula. The patient underwent an abdominal ureteroneocystostomy. At one year follow up, the patient had fully recovered. Ureterovaginal fistula following neglected vaginal foreign body is a serious condition. Early diagnosis, treatment of infection and proper surgical management can improve the outcome and decrease complications. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  19. Operative Management of Small Bowel Fistulae Associated with Open Abdomen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suvit Sriussadaporn

    2006-01-01

    Conclusion: We present a method of closure of small bowel fistulae associated with open abdomen and hope that this will provide surgeons encountering such complications with a good alternative for surgical management.

  20. Epidemiology and outcome of patients with postoperative abdominal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wercka, Janaina; Cagol, Patricia Paola; Melo, André Luiz Parizi; Locks, Giovani de Figueiredo; Franzon, Orli; Kruel, Nicolau Fernandes

    2016-01-01

    to present the epidemiological profile, incidence and outcome of patients who developing postoperative abdominal fistula. This observational, cross-sectional, prospective study evaluated patients undergoing abdominal surgery. We studied the epidemiological profile, the incidence of postoperative fistulas and their characteristics, the outcome of this complication and the predictors of mortality. The sample consisted of 1,148 patients. The incidence of fistula was 5.5%. There was predominance of biliary fistula (26%), followed by colonic fistulas (22%) and stomach (15%). The average time to onset of fistula was 6.3 days. For closure, the average was 25.6 days. The mortality rate of patients with fistula was 25.4%. Predictors of mortality in patients who developed fistula were age over 60 years, presence of comorbidities, fistula closure time more than 19 days, no spontaneous closure of the fistula, malnutrition, sepsis and need for admission to the Intensive Care Unit. abdominal postoperative fistulas are still relatively frequent and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. apresentar o perfil epidemiológico, incidência e desfecho em pacientes que evoluíram com fístula abdominal pós-operatória. trata-se de um estudo prospectivo transversal observacional que avaliou pacientes submetidos à cirurgia abdominal. Foram estudados o perfil epidemiológico, a incidência das fístulas pós-operatórias e suas características, desfecho desta complicaçãoe fatores preditivos de mortalidade. a amostra constou de 1148 pacientes. A incidência de fístula foi 5,5%. Houve predominância de fístulas biliares (26%), seguidas de fístulas colônicas (22%) e gástricas (15%). O tempo médio para o surgimento da fístula foi 6,3 dias. Para o fechamento, a média foi 25,6 dias. A taxa de mortalidade dos pacientes com fístula foi 25,4%. Os fatores preditivos de mortalidade nos casos que desenvolveram fístula foram idade maior do que 60 anos, presença de

  1. Aorto-right atrial fistula after Bentall repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Charles E; Velasco, Carlos E; Roullard, Christina P; Rafael, Aldo

    2017-07-01

    We describe a man with the Marfan syndrome and a prior ascending aortic aneurysm resection who presented with knee pain and concern of endocarditis. Transesophageal echocardiogram showed no vegetations, and computed tomography angiogram of the heart showed a possible pseudoaneurysm. Cardiac catheterization and aortogram revealed the diagnosis of an aorto-right atrial fistula, which was then operatively repaired. This case highlights the role that cardiac catheterization with aortogram can play in the detection of aorto-atrial fistula.

  2. Mycobacterium chelonae empyema with bronchopleural fistula in an immunocompetent patient

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wali, Siraj

    2009-01-01

    Mycobacterium Calhoun is one of the rapidly growing mycobacteria that rarely cause lung disease. M chelonae more commonly causes skin and soft tissue infections primarily in immunosuppressed individuals. Thoracic empyema caused by rapidly growing mycobacteria and complicated with bronchopleural fistula is rarely reported, especially in immunocompetent patients. In this article we report the first immunocompetent Arabian patient presented with M chelonae- related empyema with bronchopleural fistula which mimics, clinically and radiologically, empyema caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. (author)

  3. Historical Perspectives in the Care of Patients with Enterocutaneous Fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    included gastric and duodenal fistulas as a result of elective surgical treatment for peptic ulcer disease . Although this entity has been virtually...Latin origin and means pipe, reed, tube, cane, musical pipe, or ulcer .1 In a medical context, fistula means an abnormal connection between two...year experience with 83 patients with various maladies, which included complex ECF.22 The Hope Hospital Nutrition unit, which admitted other disease

  4. Benign duodenocolic fistula. A case presenting with acidosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benn, Marianne; Nielsen, F T; Antonsen, H K

    1997-01-01

    A case of benign duodenocolic fistula as a complication to peptic ulcer disease is presented, the case being interesting for the rarity of the diagnosis and by being complicated with acidosis. The etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment are reviewed.......A case of benign duodenocolic fistula as a complication to peptic ulcer disease is presented, the case being interesting for the rarity of the diagnosis and by being complicated with acidosis. The etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment are reviewed....

  5. Coloarticular fistula: A rare complication of revision total hip arthroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Long, Suzanne S.; Tawa, Nicholas E.; Ayres, Douglas K.; Abdeen, Ayesha; Wu, Jim S.

    2011-01-01

    Fistula formation between bowel and total hip arthroplasty or revision arthroplasty hardware is rare. We present a case of a 78-year-old woman with protrusio of left hip arthroplasty and acetabular reconstruction hardware that caused direct perforation of the sigmoid colon and fistula formation between the sigmoid colon and the left hip joint. The patient underwent several joint debridements, sigmoid colectomy, and removal of all orthopedic hardware; she ultimately died after two prolonged ho...

  6. Pleuropancreatic fistula: endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McCarthy, S.; Pellegrini, C.A.; Moss, A.A.; Way, L.W.

    1984-01-01

    The complementary use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and computed tomography in the diagnosis and management of pleuropancreatic fistulas is described in relation to four cases in which computed tomography revealedthe thoracic extension of a pancreatic fistula not demonstrable by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, although the latter indicated an abnormal pancreatic duct. The complementary use of both techniques may be necessary to define the pathologic anatomy so that the appropriate therapy, particularly the surgical approach, can be decided

  7. Congenital Posterior Urethral Fistulae: Literature Review and Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Jaime F; Díaz B, Ana María; Ramos, Gustavo U; Peralta, Sara R

    2018-03-06

    Congenital posterior urethral-perineal fistula is an abnormal communication extending from the posterior urethra to the perineal skin. We present the case of an 11-year-old boy who had recurrent febrile urinary tract infections and abnormal dribbling of urine from the perineum. Fistulogram showed a paraescrotal fistula tract, which was then surgically excised. During the 10 months of follow-up, the patient remained asymptomatic without recurrence of urinary pathology. © 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  8. Nigeria task force alerts public to fistula hazards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    Nigeria's National Task Force on Vesico-vaginal Fistula has published a booklet to draw public attention to the problem of fistulae. The 20-page booklet explains how fistulae happen and what can be done to prevent them. It makes clear that early marriage and early pregnancy are major causes of fistulae that lead to the social rejection of many young women. The booklet tells the story of two girls in a series of color pictures with accompanying text in Hausa and English. One girl is given in marriage to an older man at the age of nine, becomes pregnant before she is fully grown, suffers obstructed labor, is denied obstetric care and is left with a vesico-vaginal fistula. With urine leaking from her bladder through her vagina, she smells constantly of urine and is thrown out of the house by her husband. Her parents also reject her and she is reduced to begging until one day she hears of a hospital where fistulae can be repaired. After the repair she is warned that if she has any more babies they must be delivered in a hospital. The other girl is not given away in marriage but goes to school, graduates from university and marries a man of her choice. She becomes pregnant only when her body is fully developed, attends the antenatal clinic, has an easy labor and safe delivery. full text

  9. Elevated Shear Stress in Arteriovenous Fistulae: Is There Mechanical Homeostasis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGah, Patrick; Leotta, Daniel; Beach, Kirk; Aliseda, Alberto

    2011-11-01

    Arteriovenous fistulae are created surgically to provide access for dialysis in patients with renal failure. The current hypothesis is that the rapid remodeling occurring after the fistula creation is in part a process to restore the mechanical stresses to some preferred level (i.e. mechanical homeostasis). Given that nearly 50% of fistulae require an intervention after one year, understanding the altered hemodynamic stress is important in improving clinical outcomes. We perform numerical simulations of four patient-specific models of functioning fistulae reconstructed from 3D Doppler ultrasound scans. Our results show that the vessels are subjected to `normal' shear stresses away from the anastomosis; about 1 Pa in the veins and about 2.5 Pa in the arteries. However, simulations show that part of the anastomoses are consistently subjected to very high shear stress (>10Pa) over the cardiac cycle. These elevated values shear stresses are caused by the transitional flows at the anastomoses including flow separation and quasiperiodic vortex shedding. This suggests that the remodeling process lowers shear stress in the fistula but that it is limited as evidenced by the elevated shear at the anastomoses. This constant insult on the arterialized venous wall may explain the process of late fistula failure in which the dialysis access become occluded after years of use. Supported by an R21 Grant from NIDDK (DK081823).

  10. Frequency of oronasal fistulae in complete cleft palate repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aslam, M.

    2015-01-01

    To determine the frequency of oro-nasal fistula in patients undergoing complete cleft palate repair by two flappalatoplasty. Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Plastic Surgery, Services Hospital, Lahore, from January to December 2013. Methodology: Patients admitted to the study place for repair of cleft palate after informed consent obtained were included. Cleft palate was repaired by two-flap palatoplasty, using Bardach technique. Patients were discharged on the second postoperative day and followed-up at third week postoperatively. During follow-up visits, fistulae formation and their sites were recorded on pre-designed proforma. Results: Among the total 90 patients, 40 patients (44.4%) were male and 50 patients (55.6%) were female. The mean age was 6.4 +- 5.7 years ranging from 9 months to 20 years. At third week follow-up, 5 patients (5.6%) had fistulae formation. Four patients (80%) had anterior fistulae and one patient (20%) had posterior fistula. Conclusion: With two-flap palatoplasty Bardach procedure for repair of cleft palate, the complication of fistula formation was uncommon at 5.6%, provided the repair was tension free and multi-layered. (author)

  11. Minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy for PNETs: laparoscopic or robotic approach?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jiaqiang; Jin, Jiabin; Chen, Shi; Gu, Jiangning; Zhu, Yi; Qin, Kai; Zhan, Qian; Cheng, Dongfeng; Chen, Hao; Deng, Xiaxing; Shen, Baiyong; Peng, Chenghong

    2017-05-16

    The most effective and radical treatment for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) is surgical resection. Minimally invasive surgery has been increasingly used in pancreatectomy. Initial results in robotic distal pancreatectomy (RDP) have been encouraging. Nonetheless, data comparing outcomes of RDP with those of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) in treating PNETs are rare. The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of RDP and LDP for PNETs. From September 2010 to January 2017, operative parameters and perioperative outcomes in an initial experience with 43 consecutive patients undergoing RDP were collected and compared with those in 31 patients undergoing LDP. Patients undergoing RDP and LDP demonstrated equivalent age, sex, ASA score, tumor location and tumor size. Operating time, length of resected pancreas, postoperative length of hospital stay and rates of conversion to open, pancreatic fistula, transfusion and reoperation were not statistically different. Patients in the RDP group were associated with significantly higher overall (79.1 vs. 48.4 %, P = 0.006) and Kimura spleen preservation rates (72.1 vs. 16.1%, P < 0.001) and had reduced risk of excessive blood loss (50 vs. 200mL, P < 0.001). Oncological outcomes in this series were superior for the RDP group with more lymph node harvest for G2 and G3 PNETs (3.5 vs. 2, P = 0.034). Both RDP and LDP are efficacious and safe methods in treating PNETs located in the body or tail of pancreas. Robotic approach offers advantages with less intraoperative blood loss, higher spleen preservation rate and more lymph node harvest. It may be sensible to choose RDP for patients who fit indications for scheduled spleen preservation.

  12. Laparoscopic versus open distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: a single-center experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ai-Bin; Wang, Ye; Hu, Chen; Shen, Yan; Zheng, Shu-Sen

    2017-06-01

    The aim of this study was to compare complications and oncologic outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) and open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) at a single center. Distal pancreatectomies performed for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma during a 4-year period were included in this study. A retrospective analysis of a database of this cohort was conducted. Twenty-two patients underwent LDP for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, in comparison to seventy-six patients with comparable tumor characteristics treated by ODP. No patients with locally advanced lesions were included in this study. Comparing LDP group to ODP group, there were no significant differences in operation time (P=0.06) or blood loss (P=0.24). Complications (pancreatic fistula, P=0.62; intra-abdominal abscess, P=0.44; postpancreatectomy hemorrhage, P=0.34) were similar. There were no significant differences in the number of lymph nodes harvested (11.2±4.6 in LDP group vs. 14.4±5.5 in ODP group, P=0.44) nor the rate of patients with positive lymph nodes (36% in LDP group vs. 41% in ODP group, P=0.71). Incidence of positive margins was similar (9% in LDP group vs. 13% in ODP group, P=0.61). The mean overall survival time was (29.6±3.7) months for the LDP group and (27.6±2.1) months for ODP group. There was no difference in overall survival between the two groups (P=0.34). LDP is a safe and effective treatment for selected patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. A slow-compression of pancreas tissue with the GIA stapler is effective in preventing postoperative pancreatic fistula. The oncologic outcome is comparable with the conventional open approach. Laparoscopic radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy contributed to oncological clearance.

  13. A rare complication of Meckel's diverticulum: A fistula between Meckel's diverticulum and the appendix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping-Fu Yang

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Meckel diverticulum is the most common congenital anomaly of the small intestine, occurring in about 2%–4% of the population. Meckel diverticulum results from incomplete closure of the omphalomesenteric duct. The presentation of symptomatic Meckel diverticulum includes gastrointestinal hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, volvulus, intussusception, diverticulitis, and neoplasms. The development of fistula is an extremely rare complication. Previous literature has even shown an enterocolonic fistula, a vesicodiverticular fistula, ileorectal fistula, and fistula-in-ano. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first case of the fistula complicated between Meckel diverticulum and the appendix in a review of the English literature.

  14. Vesicocutaneus fistula after cesarean section-a curious complication: Case report and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatar, Burak; Erdemoğlu, Ebru; Soyupek, Sedat; Yalçın, Yakup; Erdemoğlu, Evrim

    2016-03-01

    Vesicocutaneous fistulas are very rare pathologies in the urinary tract. We present the second case of a vesicocutaneus fistula after cesarean section, and discuss strategies for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of this exceptional complication. A woman with a vesicocutaneous fistula after cesarean delivery was admitted and diagnostic tests including fluoroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and reconstructed MRI revealed the fistula tract and an urachal anomaly. The patient was treated through excision of the fistula tract. Laparotomy should be performed carefully, and the surgeon should be aware of the urachus. Inadvertent trauma to the urachus during laparotomy might cause serious unexpected complications. Possible etiologic factors for vesicocutaneous fistulae, prevention, and treatment methods are discussed.

  15. Traumatic rectourethral fistula repair: A potential application of porcine small intestinal submucosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shanmugasundaram Rajaian

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Rectourethral fistula is an uncommon but devastating condition. Traumatic rectourethral fistula is still uncommon and repair of traumatic rectourethral fistula involves a complex procedure. Most of the urologists would prefer to repair the fistula through perineal route especially when urethral reconstruction is also required. The repaired ends of the fistula are separated with various interposition flaps and grafts in order to prevent recurrence. Gracilis interposition muscle flap is commonly used. We describe the first case of traumatic rectourethral fistula repair in a 45-year-old man using interposition of a porcine small intestinal submucosal (Biodesign™ (Surgisis ® graft.

  16. Diagnosis and evaluation of esophageal atresia by direct sagittal CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tam, P.K.H.; Saing, H.; Chan, F.L.

    1987-01-01

    Direct sagittal CT is possible in newborns because of their small body-size. With this noninvasive investigation, we were able to establish a correct diagnosis in two neonates with esophageal atresia. Moreover, the demonstration of the air-filled proximal pouch and distal tracheoesophageal fistula along their whole lengths allowed exclusion of the possibility of a proximal pouch fistula and gave knowledge of the exact distance of the two segments of the esophagus needed to be bridged to allow anastomosis, thus providing additional valuable information for the surgeon preoperatively.

  17. RESULT OF PRE-CONTOURED DISTAL RADIUS INDIAN LOCKING PLATES IN DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Shaleen; Baljit; Aditya; Parminder; Simarpreet S

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Fractures of the distal radius are common, open reduction and internal fixation using an interlocking plate system has gained popularity for the treatment of dorsally displaced distal radius fractures. The aim of the study was to assess how adequately distal radial fracture reduction was reproduced and maintained with the pre-contoured distal radius Indian locking plates and to evaluate the functional and radiological results of treating unstable distal radius ...

  18. Spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy in trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schellenberg, Morgan; Inaba, Kenji; Cheng, Vincent; Bardes, James M; Lam, Lydia; Benjamin, Elizabeth; Matsushima, Kazuhide; Demetriades, Demetrios

    2018-01-01

    Traumatic injuries to the distal pancreas are infrequent. Universally accepted recommendations about the need for routine splenectomy with distal pancreatectomy do not exist. The aims of this study were to compare outcomes after distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy versus spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy, and to define the appropriate patient population for splenic preservation. All patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy (January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2014) were identified from the National Trauma Data Bank. Patients with concomitant splenic injury and those who underwent partial splenectomy were excluded. Demographics, clinical data, procedures, and outcomes were collected. Study groups were defined by surgical procedure: distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy versus spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy. Baseline characteristics between groups were compared with univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was performed with logistic and linear regression to examine differences in outcomes. Over the 8-year study period, 2,223 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy. After excluding 1,381 patients with concomitant splenic injury (62%) and 8 (pancreatectomy and splenectomy, those who underwent spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy were younger (p pancreatectomy (p = 0.017). Complications, mortality, and intensive care unit LOS were not significantly different. In young patients after blunt trauma who are not severely injured, a spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy should be considered to allow for conservation of splenic function and a shorter hospital LOS. In all other patients, the surgeon should not hesitate to remove the spleen with the distal pancreas. Therapy, level IV.

  19. Persistent bronchography in a newborn with esophageal atresia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe De Bernardo, MD

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Esophageal atresia (EA with tracheoesophageal fistula occurs in about 1:2,500 births. We report a case of persistent bronchography in a newborn with EA and distal tracheoesophageal fistula. A large amount of barium sulfate was injected for mistake by a tube directly in the right bronchus to evaluate the patency of the esophagus. The infant showed signs of respiratory distress; he was intubated and transported at children's Hospital Santobono Pausilipon. Here, it was performed a chest X-ray that confirmed the opacification of the right bronchial tree, and it was suspected an EA type 3b. The literature recommends that: evaluation of the patency of the esophagus, with an iodinate contrast medium, should be done in a pediatric specialized center for high risk of lung aspiration.

  20. Surgical management of aneurysms of arteriovenous fistulae in hemodialysis patients: A case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher SP Valentine

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Christopher SP Valentine, Olugbenga AworantiDepartment of Surgery, Cornwall Regional Hospital, Montego Bay, JamaicaBackground: One of the complications of arteriovenous (AV fistulae used for hemodialysis is aneurysm formation and subsequent risk for rupture. Surgery is one of the modalities utilised to treat this condition.Methods: A retrospective review of medical records was done to identify patients managed surgically at our institution over a four-year period. The surgical procedures varied from aneurysmectomy alone, to partial aneurysmectomy with preservation of the fistula, to aneurysmectomy and creation of a new fistula.Results: Seven patients who had undergone AV fistula aneurysm were identified. The usual presentation was of a pulsatile, expansile mass at the site of the AV fistula scar associated with pain. Two patients presented with bleeding. Patients in whom preservation of the fistula was attempted had poor patency of the fistula postoperatively. All patients in whom aneurysmectomy with creation of a new fistula was done had a functional fistula postoperatively.Discussion: Others have described surgical techniques for fistula preservation, but these have necessitated a significant delay until use of the fistula. Arterial blood flow in a new fistula increases gradually for up to 10 days, then tapers off. Therefore, it should be possible to begin use of the fistula at this time.Conclusions: AV fistula aneurysms may be treated by aneurysmectomy and creation of a new fistula. This may also reduce the waiting time before the fistula can be used for dialysis.Keywords: arteriovenous fistula, aneurysm, hemodialysis aneurysm, pseudoaneurysm

  1. Genetics Home Reference: distal hereditary motor neuropathy, type V

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Distal hereditary motor neuropathy, type V Distal hereditary motor neuropathy, type V Printable PDF Open All Close All Enable ... link) PubMed OMIM (2 links) NEURONOPATHY, DISTAL HEREDITARY MOTOR, TYPE VA NEURONOPATHY, DISTAL HEREDITARY MOTOR, TYPE VB Sources ...

  2. Medical image of the week: bronchopleural fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desai H

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. A 58-year-old man with past medical history significant for chronic smoking and seizures was referred to the emergency room after a chest x-ray done by his primary care physician for evaluation of cough showed a hydropneumothorax. His symptoms included dry cough for past 2 months without fever, chills or other associated symptoms. He did not have any thoracic procedures performed and had no past history of recurrent infections. He was hemodynamically stable. Physical examination was only significant with decreased breath sounds on the right side of the chest. Thoracic CT with contrast was performed which showed complete collapse of the right lower lobe, near complete collapse of right middle lobe as well as an air-fluid level. There was a suspicion of a direct communication between bronchi and pleural space at the posterior lateral margin of the collapsed right lower lobe (Figure 1. The presence of bronchopleural fistula (BPF was confirmed ...

  3. Predictive models for arteriovenous fistula maturation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Shakarchi, Julien; McGrogan, Damian; Van der Veer, Sabine; Sperrin, Matthew; Inston, Nicholas

    2016-05-07

    Haemodialysis (HD) is a lifeline therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A critical factor in the survival of renal dialysis patients is the surgical creation of vascular access, and international guidelines recommend arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) as the gold standard of vascular access for haemodialysis. Despite this, AVFs have been associated with high failure rates. Although risk factors for AVF failure have been identified, their utility for predicting AVF failure through predictive models remains unclear. The objectives of this review are to systematically and critically assess the methodology and reporting of studies developing prognostic predictive models for AVF outcomes and assess them for suitability in clinical practice. Electronic databases were searched for studies reporting prognostic predictive models for AVF outcomes. Dual review was conducted to identify studies that reported on the development or validation of a model constructed to predict AVF outcome following creation. Data were extracted on study characteristics, risk predictors, statistical methodology, model type, as well as validation process. We included four different studies reporting five different predictive models. Parameters identified that were common to all scoring system were age and cardiovascular disease. This review has found a small number of predictive models in vascular access. The disparity between each study limits the development of a unified predictive model.

  4. Arteriovenous Fistula Embolization in Suspected Parauterine Choriocarcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Husain Alturkistani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a case of choriocarcinoma that did not regress after chemotherapy treatment. A 30-year-old female patient (gravida 2, para 2, presented to our ER with stroke and persistent mild pelvic pain 2 months after a Caesarean section. Computed tomography (CT revealed an ischemic left hemicerebellar region and a hypervascular mass in the pelvic region. This mass was not present on routine fetal ultrasound during pregnancy. The lesion was treated by chemotherapy after closure of a foramen ovale and insertion of an inferior vena cava (IVC filter. After that, 2 courses of EMACO (Etoposide, Methotrexate, Actinomycin D, Cyclophosphamide, and Vincristine chemotherapy regimen were given. Posttreatment CT showed the hypervascular mass without any changes. Arteriography showed the arteriovenous fistulae that were embolized successfully with plugs, coils, and glue. Embolization was considered due to the risk of acute hemorrhagic life-threatening complications. Eight chemotherapy courses were added after embolization. Treatment by endovascular approach and reduction of the hypervascular mass can be a valuable adjunct to chemotherapy treatment of choriocarcinoma.

  5. [MULTICENTER EXPERIENCE WITH ALLIUM URETERAL STENT FOR THE TREATMENT OF URETERAL STRICTURE AND FISTULA].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahouth, Zaher; Meyer, Gil; Halachmi, Sarel; Nativ, Ofer; Moskowitz, Boaz

    2015-12-01

    Chronic ureteral stricture and ureteral fistula are treated with urinary diversion using percutaneous nephrostomy or double pigtail stent. Both of these techniques require replacement of the tube every few months in order to prevent encrustations and obstruction. To report the long-term efficacy of the new Allium Ureteral Stent (URS) in the treatment of ureteral stricture and fistula. The Allium URS is a newly-developed ureteral stent made of nickel-titanium (Nitinol), which is inserted in a small diameter and spontaneously expands into and preserves a large-caliber. The stent is coated with a biochemical co-polymer which prevents tissue ingrowth and incrustations. The stent is inserted antegradely or retrogradely with intraoperative x-ray guidance after dilation of the stricture. The Allium URS stent was inserted into 107 ureters of 92 patients in 5 different centers worldwide; 69 patients carried a percutaneous nephrostomy before the procedure and 38 patients had a ureteral stent. The etiologies underlying the strictures were: gynecological cancer (with or without irradiation), bladder cancer, iatrogenic stricture, ureteroileal stenosis, stricture following uretero-pelvic junction obstruction repair and iatrogenic ureteral fistula. During a mean follow-up of 27 months, only one stent was obstructed after eleven-indwelling months; 21 patients died of their primary disease carrying the stent. Stent migration was seen in 11 patients within 8 months after its insertion, and these stents were removed. In 4 patients with early stent migration, the stents were replaced. In 18 patients the stents were removed as planned after one year of indwelling time, and these patients were asymptomatic in a follow-up period of up to 59 months. The results of our study show that the use of Allium URS for the treatment of ureteral strictures is feasible, safe and effective. The relative ease of its insertion could encourage its use in a wide range of other indications. Due to its

  6. Impact of obesity on surgical outcomes of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy: A Norwegian single-center study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahakyan, Mushegh A; Røsok, Bård Ingvald; Kazaryan, Airazat M; Barkhatov, Leonid; Lai, Xiaoran; Kleive, Dyre; Ignjatovic, Dejan; Labori, Knut Jørgen; Edwin, Bjørn

    2016-11-01

    Obesity is known as a risk factor for intra- and postoperative complications in pancreatic operation. However, the operative outcomes in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy remain unclear. A total number of 423 patients underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy at Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet from April 1997 to December 2015. Patients were categorized into 3 groups based on the body mass index: normal weight (18.5-24.9 kg/m 2 ), overweight (25-29.9 kg/m 2 ), and obese (≥30 kg/m 2 ). After excluding underweight patients, 402 patients were enrolled in this study. Obese patients had significantly longer operative time and increased blood loss compared with overweight and normal weight patients (190 [61-480] minutes vs 158 [56-520] minutes vs 153 [29-374] minutes, P = .009 and 200 [0-2,800] mL vs 50 [0-6250] mL vs 90 [0-2,000] mL, P = .01, respectively). A multiple linear regression analysis identified obesity as predictive of prolonged operative time and increased blood loss during laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. The rates of clinically relevant pancreatic fistula and severe complications (≥grade III by Accordion classification) were comparable in the 3 groups (P = .23 and P = .37, respectively). A multivariate logistic regression model did not demonstrate an association between obesity and postoperative morbidity (P = .09). The duration of hospital stay was comparable in the 3 groups (P = .13). In spite of longer operative time and greater blood loss, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy in obese patients is associated with satisfactory postoperative outcomes, similar to those in normal weight and overweight patients. Hence, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy should be equally considered both in obese and nonobese patients. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. A Novel Technique of Branchial Fistula Tract Delineation and Excision In Children Allergic To Dyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swagatam Banerjee

    2015-08-01

    Surgical excision of branchial fistulas in children with allergy to dyes can be challenging. Insertion of a polypropylene thread into the fistula tract makes its subsequent dissection easy with minimal disruption of adjacent structures.

  8. Factors associated with early failure of arteriovenous fistulae for haemodialysis access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, V; Ward, R; Taylor, J; Selvakumar, S; How, T V; Bakran, A

    1996-08-01

    The radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula remains the method of choice for haemodialysis access. In order to assess their suitability for fistula formation, the radial arteries and cephalic veins were examined preoperatively by ultrasound colour flow scanner in conjunction with a pulse-generated run-off system. Intraoperative blood flow was measured after construction of the fistulae. Post-operative follow-up was performed at various intervals to monitor the development of the fistulae. Radial artery and cephalic vein diameter less than 1.6 mm was associated with early fistula failure. The intraoperative fistula blood flow did not correlate with the outcome of the operation probably due to vessel spasm from manipulation. However, blood flow velocities measured non-invasively 1 day after the operation were significantly lower in fistulae that failed early compared with those that were adequate for haemodialysis. Most of the increase in fistula diameter and blood flow occur within the first 2 weeks of surgery.

  9. Neurofibromatosis with vertebral artery A-V fistula and cervical meningocele -a case report-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Yong Joo; Suh, Kyung Jin; Kim, Tae Heon; Kang, Duk Sik; Park, Yeun Mook; Park, June Sik

    1988-01-01

    Arteriovenous fistula is a rare abnormality in patient with neurofibromatosis. A review of English-language literature revealed only 3 reported cases. We report a case of neurofibromatosis with vertebral artery A-V fistula and cervical meningocele

  10. Another view of "humanitarian ventures" and "fistula tourism".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Mark A

    2007-06-01

    There are many ethical issues involved in medical missions to developing countries. The Current Opinion/Update "Humanitarian ventures or 'fistula tourism?': the ethical perils of pelvic surgery in the developing world" raised many concerns about surgical trips to treat obstetric fistula. Despite a lack of experience with obstetric fistula, western surgeons may still bring surgical and public health techniques that may be of value to health systems in developing countries. Emphasis should be placed on program development and assessment first. This should include not only surgical training but also help with counseling, prevention and reintegration. Participation in clinical trials should be up to the health care personnel in the country being helped, and aide should not depend on such participation. Success will likely be determined by a national effort and integration into existing health systems, not isolated "fistula champions." The appalling situation of obstetric fistula in the twenty-first century should be a wake-up call to obstetricians/gynecologists and urologists. The dictum "first do no harm" must not evolve into "first do nothing."

  11. Risk factors for leukopenia in patients with gastrointestinal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zheng; Ren, Jian-An; Liu, Hai-Yan; Gu, Guo-Sheng; Li, Jie-Shou

    2010-12-01

    White blood cell count is an important index to the outcome of patients. In hospital, leukopenia is accompanied by high mortality, morbidity and treatment costs. However, in infectious diseases, the reasons responsible for leucopenia was not well elucidated. We investigated patients with gastrointestinal fistula to find risk factors for leukopenia. A prospective case control investigation was carried out in the Gastrointestinal Fistula Center, General Surgical Institute of Jinling Hospital. Cases included gastrointestinal fistula patients with leukopenia (n = 98) and controls composed of gastrointestinal fistula patients with normal white blood cell count (n = 78). The two groups were compared for risk factors of leucopenia by statistical analysis. Factors associated with an increased risk for leukopenia included bacterial infection (25.5%) and hypoalbuminaemia (61.2%). Multivariable Logistic regression analysis identified bacterial infection (80%), urinary catheter (70%) and central vein catheter (60%) as the independent determinants for mortality in cases. In patients with gastrointestinal fistula, two independent factors for leukopenia and three significant predictors of mortality were elucidated. We suggest that clinicians give patients more supportive management and apply prevention strategies to treat and prevent leukopenia.

  12. Transitional Flow in an Arteriovenous Fistula: Effect of Wall Distensibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGah, Patrick; Leotta, Daniel; Beach, Kirk; Aliseda, Alberto

    2012-11-01

    Arteriovenous fistulae are created surgically to provide adequate access for dialysis in patients with end-stage renal disease. Transitional flow and the subsequent pressure and shear stress fluctuations are thought to be causative in the fistula failure. Since 50% of fistulae require surgical intervention before year one, understanding the altered hemodynamic stresses is an important step toward improving clinical outcomes. We perform numerical simulations of a patient-specific model of a functioning fistula reconstructed from 3D ultrasound scans. Rigid wall simulations and fluid-structure interaction simulations using an in-house finite element solver for the wall deformations were performed and compared. In both the rigid and distensible wall cases, transitional flow is computed in fistula as evidenced by aperiodic high frequency velocity and pressure fluctuations. The spectrum of the fluctuations is much more narrow-banded in the distensible case, however, suggesting a partial stabilizing effect by the vessel elasticity. As a result, the distensible wall simulations predict shear stresses that are systematically 10-30% lower than the rigid cases. We propose a possible mechanism for stabilization involving the phase lag in the fluid work needed to deform the vessel wall. Support from an NIDDK R21 - DK08-1823.

  13. A rare approach to entero-atmospheric fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meshikhes, Abdul-Wahed Nasir; Al-Hariri, Abdulrazzak; Al-Zahir, Ali Ahmed; Al-Nahawi, Mamdouh

    2013-01-01

    Female, 60 FINAL DIAGNOSIS: Recurrent incisional hernia Symptoms: - - Clinical Procedure: Limited ileo-cecal resection Specialty: Surgery. Diagnostic/therapeutic accidents. Iatrogenic entero-atmospheric fistula is devastating and its management is extremely difficult because it is often associated with fluid and electrolyte disturbances, nutritional problems, and life-threatening sepsis. A 60-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic repair of a recurrent incisional hernia that was complicated by iatrogenic cecal injury necessitating a limited ileocecal resection and onlay prosthetic mesh repair of the hernia. Postoperatively, sloughing of the overlying skin led to mesh exposure. An attempted rotational flap coverage was complicated by small bowel injury, which was recognized and repaired. However, an entero-atmospheric fistula developed after the removal of contaminated mesh. The fistula was initially treated by vacuum-assisted closure dressing and later was converted to a 'stoma'. Six months later, the small bowel segment bearing the fistula was excised and bowel continuity was restored. In selected cases, the conversion of entero-atmospheric fistula to a 'stoma' allows the patient to be discharged home early and maintain good nutritional status while awaiting the definitive surgical intervention.

  14. OUR EXPERIENCE WITH TUBULARIZED INCISED PLATE URETHROPLASTY FOR DISTAL AND MID-PENILE HYPOSPADIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danijela Đerić

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Hypospadias does not present an isolated genital anomaly but a complex urological, sex-ual, psychological and psychiatric, reproductive and aesthetic problem. Although there are over 200 operative techniques, this great surgical challenge presently does not have ideal operative solution. Nowadays, the use of urethral plate for urethroplasty, through various surgical tech-niques, presents a revolutionary concept in hypospadias surgery and it is being accepted by an ever-increasing number of hypospadiologists.Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (TIP -Snodgrass procedure was performed on a total of 22 boys; 16 distal (72.7%, 5 mid-penile (22.7% and 1 proximal hypospadias in period from 1.1.2000 to 30.08.2003, by the same surgical team. The average patient age was 4.5 years (6 mon. to 12 years. All reconstructions have been done as primary urethroplasty while one distal hypospadias had one previous, unsuccessful MAGPI procedure. Complication included small urethrocutaneous fistulas in 4 (18% and meatal stenosis in 1 (4.5% child. Snodgrass pro-cedure is a successful method for reparation of distal hypospadias for it provides an excellent aesthetic result with acceptable complications. In order to evaluate the success of this method in reparation of mid- and proximal hypospadias, as well as the possibility of its application on previously unsuccessful or circumcised patients, it is necessary to gain additional experience al-though the first results are encouraging.

  15. Systematic review of efficacy of LIFT procedure in crpytoglandular fistula-in-ano

    OpenAIRE

    Murugesan, Jothi; Mor, Isabella; Fulham, Stephen; Hitos, Kerry

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: fistula-in-ano is a common problem. Ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) is a new addition to the list of operations available to deal with complex fistula-in-ano. OBJECTIVE: we sought to qualitatively analyze studies describing LIFT for crpytoglandular fistula-in-ano and determine its efficacy. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (Pubmed, Ovid), Embase, Scopus and Cochrane Library were searched. STUDY SELECTION: all clinical trials which studied LIFT or compared LIFT ...

  16. A Cholecystocolonic Fistula Detected by MRCP in a Patient with Chronic Cholecystitis: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, Seong Su; Park, Soo Youn [Catholic University St. Vincent' s Hospital, Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-08-15

    A cholecystocolonic fistula is an uncommon late complication of chronic gallstone disease. Although it may cause acute life-threatening complications such as bowel obstruction or massive hemorrhaging, its accurate preoperative diagnosis may be difficult due to minimal or nonspecific symptoms. Cholecystocolonic fistulas have been diagnosed by various methods, including ERCP. However, the diagnosis of a cholecystocolonic fistula using MRCP has not been reported in the literature. In this case report, we describe a case of a cholecystocolonic fistula detected by MRCP.

  17. Interkinetic nuclear migration in the tracheal and esophageal epithelia of the mouse embryo: Possible implications for tracheo-esophageal anomalies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneda, Ryo; Saeki, Yuko; Getachew, Dereje; Matsumoto, Akihiro; Furuya, Motohide; Ogawa, Noriko; Motoya, Tomoyuki; Rafiq, Ashiq M; Jahan, Esrat; Udagawa, Jun; Hashimoto, Ryuju; Otani, Hiroki

    2018-03-01

    Interkinetic nuclear migration (INM) is a cell polarity-based phenomenon in which progenitor cell nuclei migrate along the apico-basal axis of the pseudostratified epithelium in synchrony with the cell cycle. INM is suggested to be at least partially cytoskeleton-dependent and to regulate not only the proliferation/differentiation of stem/progenitor cells but also the localized/overall size and shape of organs/tissues. INM occurs in all three of the germ-layer derived epithelia, including the endoderm-derived gut. However, INM has not been documented in the esophagus and respiratory tube arising from the anterior foregut. Esophageal atresia with or without trachea-esophageal fistula (EA/TEF) is a relatively common developmental defect. Transcription factors and signaling molecules have been implicated in EA/TEF, but the etiology of EA/TEF-which has been suggested to involve cell polarity-related mechanisms-remains highly controversial. In the present study, we first examined whether INM exists in the trachea and esophagus of mouse embryos at embryonic day 11.5 (E11.5), just after separation of the two tubes from the anterior foregut. By labeling the DNA-synthesizing stem cell nuclei with 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine, a nucleotide analogue, and statistically analyzing chronological changes in the distribution pattern of the labeled nuclei by using multidimensional scaling, we showed the existence of INM in both the esophagus and trachea, with differences in the INM magnitude and cycle pattern. We further showed morphological changes from the INM-based pseudostratified single layer to the stratified multilayer in the esophageal epithelium in association with a temporal loss/perturbation of AB polarity, suggesting a possible relation with the pathogenesis of EA/TEF. © 2017 Japanese Teratology Society.

  18. Patients on hemodialysis are better served by a proximal arteriovenous fistula for long-term venous access.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Sultan, Sherif

    2012-11-01

    Patients with end-stage renal disease should have arteriovenous fistula (AVF) formation 3 to 6 months prior to commencing hemodialysis (HD). However, this is not always possible with strained health care resources. We aim to compare autologous proximal AVF (PAVF) with distal AVF (DAVF) in patients already on HD. Primary end point is 4-year functional primary. Secondary end point is freedom from major adverse clinical events (MACEs). From January 2003 to June 2009, out of 495 AVF formations, 179 (36%) patients were already on HD. These patients had 200 AVF formations (49 DAVF vs 151 PAVF) in arms in which no previous fistula had been formed. No synthetic graft was used. Four-year primary functional patency significantly improved with PAVF (68.9% ± SD 8.8%) compared to DAVF (7.3% ± SD 4.9%; P < .0001). Five-year freedom from MACE was 85% with PAVF compared to 40% with DAVF (P < .005). Proximal AVF bestows long-term functional access with fewer complications compared to DAVF for patients already on HD.

  19. Ureteric Embolization for Lower Urinary Tract Fistulae: Use of Two Amplatzer Vascular Plugs and N-Butyl Cyanoacrylate Employing the 'Sandwich' Technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saad, Wael E. A., E-mail: ws6r@virginia.edu; Kalagher, S.; Turba, U. C.; Sabri, S. S.; Park, A.-W.; Stone, J.; Angle, J. F.; Matsumoto, A. H. [University of Virginia Health System, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Division of Vascular Interventional Radiology (United States)

    2013-08-01

    PurposeThis study describes and evaluated the effectiveness of occluding distal ureters in the clinical setting of urinary vaginal (vesicovaginal or enterovesicovaginal) fistulae utilizing a new technique which combines Amplatzer vascular plugs and N-butyl cyanoacrylate.MaterialsThis is a retrospective study (January 2007-December 2010) of patients with urinary-vaginal fistulae undergoing distal ureter embolization utilizing an Amplatzer- N-butyl cyanoacrylate-Amplatzer sandwich technique. An 8-12-mm type-I or type-II Amplatzer vascular plug was delivered using the sheath and deployed in the ureter distal to the pelvic brim. Instillation of 0.8-1.5 cc of N-butyl cyanoacrylate into ureter proximal to the Amplatzer plug was performed. This was followed by another set of 8-12-mm type-I or type-II Amplatzer vascular plugs in a technique referred to as the 'sandwich technique.'ResultsFive ureters in three patients were occluded utilizing the above-described technique during the 4-year study period. Mean maximum size Amplatzer used per ureter was 10.8 mm (range, 8-12). One ureter required three Amplatzer plugs and the rest required two. Two patients (3 ureters) were clinically successful with complete resolution of symptoms in 36-48 h. The third patient (2 ureters) was partly successful and required a second Amplatzer- N-butyl cyanoacrylate sandwich technique embolization. The mean clinical follow-up was 11.3 months (range, 1.7-29.2).ConclusionsThe Amplatzer- N-butyl cyanoacrylate-Amplatzer sandwich technique for occluding the distal ureter is safe and effective with a quick (probably due to the N-butyl cyanoacrylate) and durable (probably due to the Amplatzer plugs) clinical response.

  20. A nasogastric tube inserted into the gastrocutaneous fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yang Soo; Kim, Joon Sung; Yu, In Hee; Jeong, Ji Young; Jung, Sung Hee; Jo, Yil Ryun; Chung, Myung Eun

    2011-12-01

    We reported a case in which a nasogastric tube was inserted into the gastrocutaneous fistula, diagnosed by abdominal computed tomography. A 78-year-old man with a history of recurrent cerebral hemorrhage had a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube due to dysphagia for 2 years. However, soft tissue infection at the gastrostomy site caused the removal of the tube. Immediately, antibiotic agents were infused. For appropriate hydration and medication, a nasogastric tube was inserted. However, there was no significant improvement of the soft tissue infection. Moreover, the amount of bloody exudate increased. Abdominal computed tomography revealed the nasogastric tube placed under the patient's skin via gastrocutaneous fistula. The nasogastric tube was removed, and an antibiotic agents were maintained. After 3 weeks, the signs of infection fully improved, and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy was performed again. This case shows necessities of an appropriate interval between removal of the gastrostomy tube and insertion of a nasogastric tube, and suspicion of existence of gastrocutaneous fistula.

  1. APPENDICOVESICAL FISTULA: A RARE COMPLICATION OF APPENDICITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Golfam

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Appendicovesical fistula is an uncommon type of enterovesical fistula and a rare complication of unrecognized appendicitis. Appendicovesical fistula often presents with recurrent or persistent urinary tract infection, especially in men. The commonest causes are appendicitis, cecal diverticulitis, and cystadenocarcinoma or carcinoid tumors of appendix. Approximately 114 cases have been reported previously in the literature, the vast majority in young male patients. Our special case joins the other cases which have already been described in the international literature. This case is a middle-aged man and is the first who has large and multiple fecaliths. We reviewed other cases and contributed an additional one with hope that increased awareness of this entity may facilitate the correct diagnosis and avoid inappropriate management.

  2. Management of pharynx fistula after upper digestive tract instrumentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan Popescu

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Pharynx fistula is a pathological state that can pose serious problems for both physician and patient and can lead up to the death of the patient in complicated cases. The authors describe a series of guidelines for the management of the pharynx fistula regarding the complications of the instrumentation of the upper digestive tract. Most of the cases that are addressed to our clinic can be treated with a conservative approach and a nutrition therapy plan tailored to each case. In selected cases surgery is the method of choice for therapy. The management of the pharynx fistula can be well managed in a multidisciplinary approach using resources from the E.N.T. and H.N.S. department and more important from the ICU department.

  3. A bad experience with endovascular treatment of an aortobronchial fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldien, Altarabsheh Salah; Deo, Salil; Nichols, Francis C; Greason, Kevin L

    2012-02-01

    A 35-year-old woman presented with an aortobronchial fistula after polyester graft replacement of coarctation of the descending thoracic aortic. Treatment of the fistula included antibiotic therapy and stent graft placement. Life-threatening sepsis developed in the postoperative period. Subsequent treatment required excision of the infected graft complex with extra-anatomic reconstruction of the thoracic aorta. The patient had a very stormy postoperative course and required heroic measures, including mechanical circulatory support, to achieve survival. The present case demonstrates failure of endovascular therapy of an aortobronchial fistula. The case should serve as a cautious reminder that the underlying cause for infection remains even after apparent successful endovascular therapy. Copyright © 2012 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Ramiprilate inhibits functional matrix metalloproteinase activity in Crohn's disease fistulas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Efsen, Eva; Saermark, Torben; Hansen, Alastair

    2011-01-01

    Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, -3 and -9 has been demonstrated in Crohn's disease fistulas, but it is unknown whether these enzymes are biologically active and represent a therapeutic target. Therefore, we investigated the proteolytic activity of MMPs in fistula tissue...... from six controls were also included. Total functional MMP activity was measured by a high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based, fluorogenic MMP-substrate cleavage assay, and the specific activity of MMP-2, -3 and -9 by the MMP Biotrak Activity Assay. The MMP inhibitors comprised ethylene......-9.83) compared with non-Crohn's fistulas, [0.32 ng/ml, range 0-2.66, (p MMP-9 activity [0.64 ng/ml, range 0-5.66 and 0.17 ng/ml, range 0-1.1, respectively (p MMP activity level by 42% and suppressed the specific MMP-3...

  5. Spontaneous Enterocutaneous Fistula Resulting from Richter’s Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khongwar, Donkupar; Komut, Ojing; Naku, Narang; Baru, Kappa

    2017-01-01

    Richter’s hernia is due to the entrapment of a part of circumference of the bowel wall. As the bowel continuity is maintained, the patients usually do not have intestinal obstruction. Some patients with Richter’s hernia may present with enterocutaneous fistula either spontaneous or due to surgical intervention mistaking the obstructed hernia to be inguinal abscess. This is more so in developing countries due to lack of awareness among the masses or due to the delay in seeking medical attention. Presenting here is a case of a 53-year-old male patient with enterocutaneous fistula which occurred spontaneously and sought medical attention only after about three years of repeated discharge of yellowish fluid from the left inguinal region. Magnetic resonance fistulogram confirmed the diagnosis of enterocutaneous fistula. Laparotomy with resection and primary anastomosis of the fistulous bowel was done. Patient recovered uneventfully without any complications or recurrence. PMID:28969198

  6. [Endovascular repair of iliocaval arteriovenous fistula complicating lumbar disc surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Jemaa, H; Maalej, A; Lazzez, K; Jemal, H; Karray, S; Ben Mahfoudh, K

    2016-05-01

    Vascular complications of lumbar disc surgery are rare. Few cases have been reported. Arteriovenous fistulas are the most common. They are due to anatomical relationships between the last lumbar vertebrae, the corresponding discs, and the iliac vessels; degenerative lesions of the intervertebral discs facilitate instrumental vessel perforation, and operative difficulty. Computed tomography is particularly accurate for making the diagnosis. Treatment strategies consist in surgery or endovascular management. Percutaneous endovascular treatment using a stent-graft is a reasonable option for treating arteriovenous fistula. We describe the case of a 50-year-old patient who developed an iliocaval arteriovenous fistula following lumbar disc hernia surgery. The lesion was excluded by a stent-graft. The postoperative period was uneventful. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  7. Case Report: Spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula, a rare cholethiasis complication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinzivillo, Nunzio Maria Angelo; Danna, Riccardo; Leanza, Vito; Lodato, Melissa; Marchese, Salvatore; Basile, Francesco; Zanghì, Guido Nicola

    2017-01-01

    One of the most unusual complications in cholethiasis is spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula, which has only been reported a few times in the literature.  We report the case of a 76 year old man who presented with a right hypochondrium subcutaneous abscess, with pain evoked through palpation.  No comorbidity in the patient's medical history were noted.   Confirmation of cholecystocutaneous fistula was made using the proper diagnostic process, which is computed tomography with contrast media, followed by hepatobiliary MRI. This confirmed the presence of a fistulous pathway between the gallbladder and the skin.  The patient underwent cholecystectomy surgery and open laparotomy with en block aponeurotic muscle, skin and fistula orifice excision.

  8. Contemporary Management of Secondary Aortoduodenal Fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Ryan; Kurz, Sarah; Sherman, Matthew A; Underhill, Joshua; Eliason, Jonathan L; Coleman, Dawn M

    2015-11-01

    Secondary aortoduodenal fistula (SADF) is a rare, life-threatening complication of abdominal aortic reconstruction. Clinical presentation varies and treatment requires complex surgical repair associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. This retrospective study examines the contemporary management of SADF at a tertiary vascular surgical practice. Thirteen patients were managed for SADF between 2004 and 2014. Vascular and duodenal reconstructions were considered. Primary end points included bile leak, major complications, and mortality. Of the 13 patients presenting with SADF, 6 presented with luminal blood loss. During mean follow-up (632 days), the rate of major complication was 77%. Overall, 38% developed duodenal leak. All leaks occurred after graft explantation with extra-anatomic bypass, and the majority of these patients (80%) had no preceding history of acute gastrointestinal (GI) bleed. There were no leaks identified after duodenal exclusion with gastrojejunostomy. Patients that developed duodenal leak had longer mean intensive care unit length of stay (LOS; 7.0 vs. 2.3 days, P = 0.004), longer mean overall hospital LOS (36.6 vs. 18.5 days, P = 0.012), and greater late mortality (40% vs. 13%). There were 2 SADF-related deaths. Overall mortality trended higher in females (67% vs. 20%, P = 0.125) and those that presented without acute GI bleed (43% vs. 17%, P = 0.308). Surgical reconstruction for SADF results in major morbidity. Those presenting with acute GI bleed trended toward better outcomes than those without. Duodenal leak remains a serious complication. Duodenal exclusion may represent a more appropriate and conservative approach for management of the duodenal defect in select patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Isolated Roux-en-Y anastomosis of the pancreatic stump in a duct-to-mucosa fashion in patients with distal pancreatectomy with en-bloc celiac axis resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okada, Ken-Ichi; Kawai, Manabu; Tani, Masaji; Hirono, Seiko; Miyazawa, Motoki; Shimizu, Atsushi; Kitahata, Yuji; Yamaue, Hiroki

    2014-03-01

    A pancreatic fistula is one of the most serious complications in distal pancreatectomy with en bloc celiac axis resection (DP-CAR), because the pancreatic transection is performed on the right side of the portal vein, which results in a large cross-section surface, and because post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage is hard to treat by interventional radiology. Therefore, a procedure to decrease the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula is urgently needed. Twenty-six consecutive patients who underwent DP-CAR between April 2008 and August 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. The first 13 consecutive patients underwent DP-CAR with no anastomosis, and the subsequent 13 consecutive patients were treated with Roux-en-Y pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) in a duct-to-mucosa fashion. Extremely high amylase levels (>4000 IU/l) of all drainage fluid specimens on postoperative day (POD) 1, 3 and 4 were detected more frequently in cases with no anastomosis (n = 7) compared to those with PJ (n = 1) (P = 0.056). The incidence of grade B/C pancreatic fistulas was 15.4% in cases with isolated Roux-en-Y anastomosis of the pancreatic stump performed in a duct-to-mucosa fashion, and we are currently examining whether this anastomosis method reduces the pancreatic fistula rate in a multicenter, randomized controlled trial for distal pancreatectomy patients (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01384617). © 2013 Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

  10. Fístula esofagopleurocutánea de tercio medio: A propósito de un caso ESOPHAGOPLEUROCUTANEOUS FISTULA OF THE MEAN THIRD: APROPOS OF A CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orestes N Mederos Curbelo

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de una fístula esofagopleurocutánea es un problema complejo. Se presenta un caso de difícil solución por los antecedentes oncológicos y la presencia de una fístula esofagopleurocutánea. Paciente del sexo masculino, con antecedentes de neumonectomía derecha por cancer de pulmón 10 años antes, con fístula torácica de un año de evolución y pérdida de 16,36 kg (36 lb de peso, tratado satisfactoriamente con una técnica de exclusión del proceso fistuloso mediante esofagogastroplastia tubular por vía retroesternal con anastomosis cervical (técnica de Postleitwait. Al cerrar el esófago se dejó la fístula por exclusión en la región cervical distal a la anastomosis. La fístula cerró completamente a las dos semanas y el paciente egresó, también a las dos semanas, con el tránsito digestivo restablecido. El paciente tenía el hemitórax congelado por neumonectomía, lo cual hizo imposible la intervención directa y la exclusión resultó el único método posible. La esofagogastroplastia tubular retroesternal solucionó un problema complejo.The presence of an esophagopleurocutaneous fistula is a complex problem. A case of difficult solution due to the oncological history and the existance of an esophagopleurocutaneous fistula is reported. A male patient with history of right pneumonectomy due to lung cancer 10 years before, with thoracic fistula of a year of evolution and loss of 16.36 kg (36 pounds of weight, that was satisfactorily treated with an exclusion technique of the fistulous process by retrosternal tubular esophagogastroplasty with cervical anastomosis (Postleitwait's technique is presented. On clousering the esophagus, the fistula was left by exclusion in the cervical region distal to anastomosis. The fistula closed completely at 2 weeks and the patient was discharged with the digestive tract restored. The patient's hemithorax was frozen by pneumonectomy, which impeded the direct surgery. The exclusion

  11. Brachial artery aneurysms following brachio-cephalic AV fistula ligation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalid, Usman; Parkinson, Frances; Mohiuddin, Kamran; Davies, Paula; Woolgar, Justin

    2014-01-01

    Peripheral artery aneurysms proximal to a long-standing arteriovenous (AV) fistula can be a serious complication. It is important to be aware of this and manage it appropriately. Vascular access nurses input all data regarding patients undergoing dialysis access procedures into a securely held database prospectively. This was retrospectively reviewed to identify cases of brachial artery aneurysms over the last 3 years. In Morriston Hospital, around 200 forearm and arm AV fistulas are performed annually for vascular access in renal dialysis patients. Of these, approximately 15 (7.5%) are ligated. Three patients who had developed brachial artery aneurysms following AV fistula ligation were identified. All 3 patients had developed brachial artery aneurysms following ligation of a long-standing brachio-cephalic AV fistula. Two patients presented with pain and a pulsatile mass in the arm, and one presented with pins and needles and discoloration of fingertips. Two were managed with resection of the aneurysm and reconstruction with a reversed long saphenous vein interposition graft, the third simply required ligation of a feeding arterial branch. True aneurysm formation proximal to an AV fistula that has been ligated is a rare complication. There are several reasons for why these aneurysms develop in such patients, the most plausible one being the increase in blood flow and resistance following ligation of the AV fistula. Of note, all the patients in this study were on immunosuppressive therapy following successful renal transplantation. Vigilance by the vascular access team and nephrologists is paramount to identify those patients who may warrant further evaluation and investigation by the vascular surgeon.

  12. Treatment of ureterovaginal fistula using a Memokath stent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mohammad, Wael; Fode, Mikkel Mejlgaard; Azawi, Nessn Htum

    2014-01-01

    Ureterovaginal fistula (UVF) is a challenging problem for patients and doctors, especially in patients who have been treated by radiation for malignancy. UVF may occur in conjunction with surgeries involving the uterus. A success rate of 70-100% has been reported for fistula repair with the best...... results in non-radiated patients. Meanwhile, conservative treatment using ureteral stents in selected patients has resulted in reported success rates of 71%. We present the case of a 24-year-old woman with UVF due to surgery and radiotherapy for cervix cancer. The patient has been successfully treated...

  13. Pleurobiliary Fistula Secondary to Choledocholithiasis—A Rare Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudhir Kumar Jain

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Pleurobiliary fistula secondary to common bile duct obstruction due to stone is a very rare clinical entity. A 55-year-old female patient presented in the emergency department with features of septicaemia with left pleural effusion. Intercostal tube drainage drained 5 L of bile on the first day and around 500–600 mL of bile each day subsequently. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreaticography showed choledocholithiasis with pleurobiliary fistula. The patient underwent bilioenteric bypass and ligation of the fistulous tract with complete cure.

  14. Presentation and Management of Pseudoaneurysmogastric Fistula: A Life Threatening Emergency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dash, Nihar Ranjan; Kilambi, Ragini; Singh, Anand Narayan; Pal, Sujoy; Asfan, Mohammed Adil

    2017-10-01

    Pseudoaneurysmogastric fistula is a rare consequence of pseudoaneurysms occurring in the vicinity of stomach. They are the result of pseudoaneurysms eroding into the stomach, and represent a life threatening emergency. Urgent surgical intervention is often necessary to salvage the patient. Data regarding the presentation and management of this condition is sparse. Herein, we present our experience with four cases of pseudoaneurysmogastric fistula, their clinical context, presentation, management and outcomes. We attempt to outline an algorithm for the diagnosis and management of this unusual complication.

  15. Giant aneurysm in a left coronary artery fistula

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frestad, Daria; Helqvist, Steffen; Helvind, Morten

    2013-01-01

    Congenital coronary artery fistula complicated with giant coronary artery aneurysm is a very rare condition. In this case report, we present a 65-year-old woman, referred to us with a continuous heart murmur, occasional atypical chest pain and few episodes of fainting. A giant aneurysm...... and a coronary-pulmonary fistula were diagnosed using multiple cardiovascular imaging modalities to provide a sufficient anatomical picture. The patient was considered at high risk of sudden death from aneurysm rupture and received surgical treatment. Subsequent histopathological examination revealed a true...

  16. Multifactorial dyspahgia complicated by esophago-bronchial fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Julie

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Dysphagia in an elderly patient necessitates urgent clinical evaluation to exclude the possibility of an underlying esophageal malignancy. Atherosclerotic aortic aneurysms are common in old age, but dysphagia aortica resulting from compression of the esophagus by an aortic aneurysm is a rare cause for dysphagia. Development of a malignant esophago-airway fistula can occur from a variety of tumors, the most common of which is esophageal cancer. A case of longstanding dysphagia resulting from dysphagia aortica later developing an esophageal malignancy complicated by esophago-bronchial fistula is outlined in this unique case report.

  17. Vesicovaginal fistula after sexual intercourse. A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takeda, Toshikazu; Nishiyama, Toru; Ohara, Rei; Hasegawa, Shintaro

    2007-01-01

    A 53-year old female visited our hospital with a complaint of continuous urinary incontinence after sexual intercourse. She had been diagnosed with carcinoma of uterine cervix stage I b2 and had undergone radical hysterectomy and radiation therapy (45 Gy). Cystoscopy revealed vesicovaginal fistula in the trigone which measured almost 3 cm. We repaired it by transabdominal and vaginal routes 5 days after the injury. She was discharged with a Foley catheter. Three months after the operation, cystography revealed improvement of vesicovaginal fistula. (author)

  18. Endometriosis mimicking the perianal fistula tract: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gül Türkcü

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Endometriosis is the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity. Nowadays, in many cases, although routine use of episiotomy perineal endo metriosis is extremely rare. A 36 year old female patient was referred to our hospital with complaints of pain in the perianal region for five months. On physical examination, stiffness was palpated and then magnetic resonance im aging (MRI was performed. MRI is compatible with fistula tract. The lesion was excised and the histopathological appearance correspond to endometriosis. Perianal endo metriosis is rare in the perianal region and in the clinic mimicking perianal fistulas and malignancy should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis

  19. MR enterography of ileocolovesicular fistula in pediatric Crohn disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sakala, Michelle D.; Dillman, Jonathan R.; Ladino-Torres, Maria F.; McHugh, Jonathan B.; Adler, Jeremy

    2011-01-01

    Crohn disease, a form of chronic inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by discontinuous inflammatory lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, has a variety of behavioral patterns, including penetrating or fistulous disease. While magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) excellently depicts inflamed bowel segments, it can also be used to assess for a variety of Crohn-disease-related extraintestinal complications, including fistulae. We present the MRE findings of a complex ileocolovesicular fistula in a 14-year-old boy with Crohn disease, where the fistulous tract to the urinary bladder was best delineated on precontrast T1-W imaging because of the presence of fecal material. (orig.)

  20. Fistulas of the lesser pelvis in patients with Crohn disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Majer, M.C.; Schmiedl, U.; Koelbel, G.; Weber, P.; Hess, C.F.

    1988-01-01

    Sixty-eight patients with Crohn disease of the lesser pelvis were studied prospectively with computed tomography (CT) (DR3; Siemens, Erlangen, West Germany), before and after intravenous bolus injection of contrast material. The CT findings were compared to results obtained by means of rectosigmoidoscopy, sinography, ultrasound, and clinical examination. The presence of fistulas was shown in 47 patients by CT and correctly excluded in 27 patients. In 39 patients, CT provided valuable information about the location and extension of the fistulas with respect to the adjacent organs. Contrast material-enhanced CT is now used routinely in the authors' institution for the assessment of patients with Crohn manifestations of the pelvic floor

  1. Better preservation of endocrine function after central versus distal pancreatectomy for mid-gland lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiNorcia, Joseph; Ahmed, Leaque; Lee, Minna K; Reavey, Patrick L; Yakaitis, Elizabeth A; Lee, James A; Schrope, Beth A; Chabot, John A; Allendorf, John D

    2010-12-01

    Traditional resections for benign and low-grade malignant neoplasms of the mid pancreas result in loss of normal parenchyma that can cause pancreatic endocrine and exocrine insufficiency. Central pancreatectomy (CP) is a parenchyma-sparing option for such lesions. This study evaluates a single institution's experience with CP and compares outcomes with distal pancreatectomy (DP). We retrospectively collected data on CP patients from 1997 through 2009 and evaluated outcomes. In a subset of 50 patients, we performed a matched-pairs analysis to directly compare the short- and long-term outcomes of CP and DP. Seventy-three patients underwent CP with a median operating room time of 254 minutes. Overall morbidity was 41.1% with pancreatic fistula in 20.5%. Mortality was 0%. There were no differences in fistula, morbidity, and mortality rates between the CP and DP groups. The CP group had resected for smaller lesions. CP patients had a lower rate of new-onset and worsening diabetes than DP patients (14% vs 46%; P = .003). Of new-onset and worsening diabetics, only 1 CP patient required insulin compared with 14 DP patients (P = .002). CP is safe and effective for select neoplasms of the mid pancreas. Patients undergoing CP have markedly decreased insulin requirements compared with DP patients. Copyright © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Management of complex anorectal fistulas with seton drainage plus partial fistulotomy and subsequent ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulze, B; Ho, Y-H

    2015-02-01

    Ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) is a relatively new technique in the treatment of complex anorectal fistulas. As it spares the anal sphincter, rates of post-operative incontinence may be lower when compared to conventional treatment. To date, there have not been enough reports of long-term fistula recurrence rates. We performed a long-term follow-up study of 75 patients who underwent LIFT following seton drainage and partial fistulotomy. Only patients with complex cryptogenic anorectal fistulas were included. After seton insertion and partial fistulotomy, the tract was reviewed at 4 months for the absence of anorectal sepsis. Patients then underwent LIFT in a day surgery setting. Operative time, complications, recurrences and incontinence were evaluated. Between May 2008 and June 2013, 75 patients [51 men, mean age 49.5 years, standard error of the mean (SEM) 1.4 years] were treated with a LIFT protocol. The mean operating time for LIFT was 13.2 min (SEM 1.5 min). Complications included minor bleeding, superficial wound dehiscence and perianal pain. At a mean follow-up of 14.6 months (SEM 1.7 months), there were nine (12 %) recurrences, diagnosed at a mean 9.2 months (SEM 2.7 months). They were treated with seton insertion followed by LIFT with biomesh or anorectal advancement flap, and there were no subsequent recurrences. Review of preoperative and post-operative continence scores revealed only one (1.3 %) patient with minor incontinence following LIFT. Recurrences were significantly related to fistulas with multiple tracts (p < 0.001). Our results suggest that the protocol of seton insertion and partial fistulotomy followed by LIFT is associated with a low recurrence rate comparing well with published results from studies involving other techniques and protocols for treating anal fistula.

  3. Speech Rehabilitation For 10 Alaryngeal Patients Using Tracheoesophageal Puncture And Prosthesis Insertion In Amir Alam And Imam Khomeini Hospitals 2002-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.T. Khorsi Ashtiani

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Total laryngectomy following laryngeal cancer has many sequelae , that loss of voice is the most important of them. Tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP and prosthesis insertion has evolved into the most widely used and accepted technique for vocal rehabilitation. Materials and Methods: 10 patients that underwent TEP in Amir Alam and Imam Khomeini hospitals from Feb. 2002 through Nov. 2003; were included in this study. Prosthesis insertion in 4 patients is primary and in 6 patients is secondary; and all patients are men. Results: The age of patients was between 50 to 70. 90% of patients had history of cigarette smoking and 10% of them had history of drinking alcohol. Salivary leakage was seen in 30% of patients that was improved with conservative management. Fluency of speech in 30% of patients and intelligibility of speech & voice quality in 40% of patients is good. Conclusion: We could conclude that TEP has less complication & better speech results of other vocal rehabilitation methods. Carefully selection of patients & size of prosthesis has important role in results of TEP.

  4. The Reliability of the Tracheoesophageal Groove and the Ligament of Berry as Landmarks for Identifying the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve: A Cadaveric Study and Meta-Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandon Michael Henry

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The aim of this meta-analysis was to provide a comprehensive evidence-based assessment, supplemented by cadaveric dissections, of the value of using the Ligament of Berry and Tracheoesophageal Groove as anatomical landmarks for identifying the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve. Methods. Seven major databases were searched to identify studies for inclusion. Eligibility was judged by two reviewers. Suitable studies were identified and extracted. MetaXL was used for analysis. All pooled prevalence rates were calculated using a random effects model. Heterogeneity among included studies was assessed using the Chi2 test and the I2 statistic. Results. Sixteen studies (n=2,470 nerves, including original cadaveric data, were analyzed for the BL/RLN relationship. The RLN was most often located superficial to the BL with a pooled prevalence estimate of 78.2% of nerves, followed by deep to the BL in 14.8%. Twenty-three studies (n=5,970 nerves examined the RLN/TEG relationship. The RLN was located inside the TEG in 63.7% (95% CI: 55.3–77.7 of sides. Conclusions. Both the BL and TEG are landmarks that can help surgeons provide patients with complication-free procedures. Our analysis showed that the BL is a more consistent anatomical landmark than the TEG, but it is necessary to use both to prevent iatrogenic RLN injuries during thyroidectomies.

  5. [A case of intractable fistula after low anterior resection repaired by transsacral direct suture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Takanobu; Kodato, Takashi; Shirai, Junya; Kamiya, Mariko; Sujishi, Ken; Kumazu, Yuta; Sugano, Nobuhiro; Hatori, Shinsuke; Osaragi, Tomohiko; Yoneyama, Katsuya; Kasahara, Akio; Rino, Yasushi; Masuda, Munetaka; Yamamoto, Yuji

    2014-11-01

    We report a case of an intractable fistula repaired by transsacral direct suture. A 65-year-old man underwent low anterior resection for rectal cancer. He subsequently underwent ileostomy due to anastomosis leakage. The fistula of the anastomosis persisted 3 months after surgery. He underwent surgery to repair the fistula using a transsacral approach. After removing the coccyx, the fistula in the postrectal space was exposed directly. The presence of the fistula was confirmed by an air leak test and was closed by direct suture. After 33 days, the patient underwent ileostomy closure.

  6. Salvage laryngectomy and pharyngocutaneous fistulae after primary radiotherapy for head and neck cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grau, Cai; Johansen, Lars Vendelbo; Hansen, Hanne Sand

    2003-01-01

    -348 months). A total of 89 fistulae lasting at least 2 weeks were observed, corresponding to an overall average fistulae risk of 19%. The number of performed laryngectomies per year decreased linearly (from 58 to 37), whereas the annual number of fistulae increased slightly (from 7 to 11), which meant...... laryngectomies over the 10 years was seen. Over the same time period, the annual number of fistulae remained almost constant. The resulting more than doubling of fistulae rate could thus in part be explained by less surgical routine....

  7. The Use of Bovine Pericardial Buttress on Linear Stapler Fails to Reduce Pancreatic Fistula Incidence in a Porcine Pancreatic Transection Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Maciver

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the effectiveness of buttressing the surgical stapler to reduce postoperative pancreatic fistulae in a porcine model. As a pilot study, pigs (n=6 underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy using a standard stapler. Daily drain output and lipase were measured postoperative day 5 and 14. In a second study, pancreatic transection was performed to occlude the proximal and distal duct at the pancreatic neck using a standard stapler (n=6, or stapler with bovine pericardial strip buttress (n=6. Results. In pilot study, 3/6 animals had drain lipase greater than 3x serum on day 14. In the second series, drain volumes were not significantly different between buttressed and control groups on day 5 (55.3 ± 31.6 and 29.3 ± 14.2 cc, resp., nor on day 14 (9.5 ± 4.2 cc and 2.5 ± 0.8 cc, resp., P=0.13. Drain lipase was not statistically significant on day 5 (3,166 ± 1,433 and 6,063 ± 1,872 U/L, resp., P=0.25 or day 14 (924 ± 541 and 360 ± 250 U/L. By definition, 3/6 developed pancreatic fistula; only one (control demonstrating a contained collection arising from the staple line. Conclusion. Buttressed stapler failed to protect against pancreatic fistula in this rigorous surgical model.

  8. Laparoscopy-Assisted Spleen-Preserving Distal Pancreatectomy for Living-Donor Pancreas Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Date, S; Noguchi, H; Kaku, K; Kurihara, K; Miyasaka, Y; Okabe, Y; Nakamura, U; Ohtsuka, T; Nakamura, M

    2017-06-01

    Living pancreas transplantation plays an important role in the treatment of patients with severe type 1 diabetes. However, pancreatectomy is very invasive for the donor, and less-invasive surgical procedures are needed. Although some reports have described hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery for distal pancreatectomy in living-donor operations, less-invasive laparoscopy-assisted (LA) procedures are expected to increase the donor pool. We herein report the outcomes of four cases of LA spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (Warshaw technique [WT]) in living pancreas donors. Four living pancreas donors underwent LA-WT at our institution from September 2010 to January 2013. All donors fulfilled the donor criteria established by the Japan Society for Pancreas and Islet Transplantation. The median donor age was 54 years. Two donors underwent left nephrectomy in addition to LA-WT for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation. The median donor operation time for pancreatectomy was 340.5 minutes. The median pancreas warm ischemic time was 3 minutes. The median donor blood loss was 246 g. All recipients immediately achieved insulin independence. One donor required reoperation because of obstructive ileus resulting from a port-site hernia. Another donor developed a pancreatic fistula (International Study Group of Pancreatic Fistula grade B), which was controlled with conservative management. After a maximum follow-up of 73 months, no clinically relevant adverse events had occurred. These results were comparable with those of previous studies concerning living-donor pancreas transplantation. The LA-WT is a safe and acceptable operation for living-donor pancreas transplantation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Assessment of the efficacy of the rectovaginal button fistula plug for the treatment of ileal pouch-vaginal and rectovaginal fistulas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonsalves, Simon; Sagar, Peter; Lengyel, John; Morrison, Charles; Dunham, Richard

    2009-11-01

    The treatment of rectovaginal and ileal pouch-vaginal fistulas remains a challenging problem for the colorectal surgeon. The aim of this study was to assess the short-term efficacy of the new Surgisis Biodesign rectovaginal button fistula plug in patients with such fistulas. Between May 2008 and September 2008, patients with confirmed rectovaginal and ileal pouch-vaginal fistulas with backgrounds of inflammatory bowel disease were treated with the button fistula plug. The fistulas were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging and/or examination under anesthesia before the procedure. Twelve patients with a median age of 36 (range, 29-42) years underwent a total of 20 plug insertions. Five patients had confirmed rectovaginal fistulas and seven patients had ileal pouch-vaginal fistulas. At a median follow-up of 15 (interquartile range, 10-21) weeks, 7 of 12 patients (58%) had been treated successfully. Seven of the 20 plugs that were inserted (35%) were successful. This equates to the successful treatment of three of five (60%) of the rectovaginal fistulas, and four of seven (57%) of the ileal pouch-vaginal fistulas. Of the six patients who initially failed, a repeat procedure was performed of which one was successful. Two patients underwent a third repeat procedure, which was again unsuccessful in both cases. The success rate of these eight repeat plug insertions was therefore 12.5%. All plug failures were the result of dislodgement of the plug. There was no morbidity in our series. The new button fistula plug successfully treated 7 of 12 (58%) rectovaginal and ileal pouch-vaginal fistulas.

  10. Eccentric circummeatal based flap with limited urethral mobilization: An easy technique for distal hypospadias repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekinci, Saniye; Çiftçi, Arbay Özden; Karnak, İbrahim; Şenocak, Mehmet Emin

    2016-04-01

    Hypospadias is a common congenital anomaly. Over 300 techniques have been described for repairing hypospadias. Eccentric circummeatal based flap with combined limited urethral mobilization technique (ECMB-LUM) is a simple procedure to repair distal hypospadias with minimal complication rate. This study presents results of this technique, highlighting surgical pitfalls to achieve the best result. Medical records of patients with distal hypospadias operated on using the same technique between 1998 and 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. Age at surgery, position of meatus preoperatively and postoperatively, duration of urethral catheterization and hospitalization, early and late complications, previous hypospadias repairs, and secondary surgical interventions were evaluated. In the surgical technique an eccentric circummeatal based flap is outlined. The proximal part of the flap is dissected from the underlying urethra and Buck's fascia. If the flap is not long enough, the distal urethra is mobilized a few millimeters (Figure). The eccentric flap is sutured to the tip of the glans. The glans wings are approximated in the midline. A urethral catheter of 6 Fr or 8 Fr is passed and left in the bulbous urethra or the urinary bladder. Diverged limbs of corpus spongiosum are approximated on the urethra, then, the glans and skin of the penile shaft are sutured. Of the 171 consecutive patients operated on using the ECMB-LUM technique; 115 had coronal, 47 had subcoronal, and nine had glanular meatus. The mean age at surgery was 4.5 (1-17) years. Patients were hospitalized for 2.2 ± 0.7 days. Mean duration of urethral catheterization was 2.3 ± 0.5 days. All but eight patients had ECBF-LUM as primary repair. There were no early complications such as bleeding, hematoma, and wound infection. All patients voided spontaneously after catheter removal. Late complications were meatal stenosis, urethrocutaneous fistula, meatal regression, and glandular dehiscence (Table). These

  11. A simple novel technique [PUIT] for closure of urethrocutaneous fistula after hypospadias repair: Preliminary results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Awad M

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Urethrocutaneous fistula is a common complication of urethroplasty for severe hypospadias, even when a microsurgical technique is applied, the closure of the fistula is a challenging problem. We present a simple surgical procedure, posterior urethral incision technique [PUIT] to close the fistula in our department. Between February 2001 and December 2004 we prospectively evaluated 32 patients, 26 patients with initial hypospadias fistulas and 6 with recurrent fistulas who underwent closure of urethrocutaneous fistula after hypospadias repair. The mean age of patients was 5 years, the operation consisted of trimming the fistula edge after mobilization of the skin all-around then a midline posterior urethral incision was done 2 mm above and 2 mm below the fistula opening then re-approximation of the urethral edges using 6/0 vicryl sutures with loop magnification. The timing of fistula repair was between 6 and 13 months after it was formed, all of these were effectively closed except three cases with stricture and fistula. Of these, two were completely relieved after repeated urethral dilatation, three times a week for 2 weeks. The third failed case will need another sitting after 6 months. The posterior midline urethral incision gives a good opportunity for repair without tension with a good cosmetic outcome. This may be done under local anesthesia in adults. The procedure is considered simple rapid and easy to be done for variable fistulas types whatever of its site and the age.

  12. A cost-effectiveness analysis of fistula treatment in the abdominal region using a new integrated fistula and wound management system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keiding, Hans; Skovgaard, Rasmus

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate wear time and costs of a new fistula and wound management system (FWMS) compared to standard fistula treatments. METHODS: Data were collected from 22 patients with an abdominal fistula recruited from 5 sites in the United States. This economic evaluation was based on a cost......, the sensitivity analysis showed that 77% of patients achieved a cost reduction when changing to the FWMS. CONCLUSION: The FWMS was less costly than traditional methods for managing abdominal fistula, probably due to longer wear time and less time spent on each pouching session....

  13. Contemporary Management of Primary Distal Urethral Cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Traboulsi, S.L.; Witjes, J.A.; Kassouf, W.

    2016-01-01

    Primary urethral cancer is one of the rare urologic tumors. Distal urethral tumors are usually less advanced at diagnosis compared with proximal tumors and have a good prognosis if treated appropriately. Low-stage distal tumors can be managed successfully with a surgical approach in men or radiation

  14. Spinal Dural Arteriovenous Fistula (SDAVF in a Patient with Progressive Paraparesia: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdokht Mazdeh

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF is a known cause of nontraumatic slow progressive araparesia and is frequently overlooked because its clinical features overlap with more common causes of myelopathy and also neuroimaging may be normal. Case Report: A 53 year-old man with developed weakness of both lower limbs had symptoms begun spontaneously 3.5 month before admission and progressed from 1 month ago with bowel and bladder incontinence. The patient's physical examination was normal and neurologic testing revealed lower extremity motor strength of 3/5. Deep tendon reflexes were decreased and superficial abdominal reflexes were absent. Sensation of pinprick and temperature was absent distal to the T4-T5 level. Vibration and proprioception were decreased to the ankle and saddle anesthesia and the patient was non ambulatory. Laboratory routine and specific tests for vitamin B12 level, hepatitis, HIV, HTLV1, 2 were negative. MRI of spine with and without contrast raised the possibility of dural arteriovenous malformation extended from T3 level to conus medullaris which was confirmed by angiography. The patient referred to neurosurgeon for deciding route of treatment. Conclusion: SDAVF can be a significant non traumatic slowly progressive cause of myelopathy. The majority of the affected patients are males older than 50 years of age. Rapid diagnosis in these patients leads to significant improvement.

  15. LAPAROSCOPICALLY ASSISTED ANORECTOPLASTY AND THE USE OF THE BIPOLAR DEVICE TO SEAL THE RECTAL URINARY FISTULA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutra, Robson Azevedo; Boscollo, Adriana Cartafina Perez

    2016-01-01

    The anorectal anomalies consist in a complex group of birth defects. Laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty improved visualization of the rectal fistula and the ability to place the pull-through segment within the elevator muscle complex with minimal dissection. There is no consensus on how the fistula should be managed. To evaluate the laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty and the treatment of the rectal urinary fistula by a bipolar sealing device. It was performed according to the original description by Georgeson1. Was used 10 mm infraumbilical access portal for 30º optics. The pneumoperitoneum was established with pressure 8-10 cm H2O. Two additional trocars of 5 mm were placed on the right and left of the umbilicus. The dissection started on peritoneal reflection using Ligasure(r). With the reduction in the diameter of the distal rectum was identified the fistula to the urinary tract. The location of the new anus was defined by the location of the external anal sphincter muscle complex, using electro muscle stimulator externally. Finally, it was made an anastomosis between the rectum and the new location of the anus. A Foley urethral probe was left for seven days. Seven males were operated, six with rectoprostatic and one with rectovesical fistula. The follow-up period ranged from one to four years. The last two patients operated underwent bipolar sealing of the fistula between the rectum and urethra without sutures or surgical ligation. No evidence of urethral leaks was identified. There are benefits of the laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty for the treatment of anorectal anomaly. The use of a bipolar energy source that seals the rectal urinary fistula has provided a significant decrease in the operating time and made the procedure be more elegant. As anomalias anorretais consistem de um grupo complexo de defeitos congênitos. A anorretoplastia laparoscópica permite melhor visualização da fístula retourinária e propicia o posicionamento do reto abaixado

  16. Post-tracheostomy tracheo-oesophageal fistula – an unusual ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracheostomy, one of the oldest known surgical procedures in the history of medicine, is regularly performed in modern intensive care units. Acquired ulcerative tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF) is an uncommon but potentially fatal complication of tracheostomy. We report a case of ulcerative TOF with an unusual yet ...

  17. Suction Cup Induced Palatal Fistula: Surgical Closure by Palatal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A break in the structural integrity of the palate leading to oro nasal communication is called palatal fistula,[1] which may be due to a genetic defect such as cleft lip and palate, an infection such as osteomyelitis or traumainduced by wearing a maxillary complete denture with a suction cup.[2] A suction cup because of its ...

  18. Vesicovaginal fistula: Do the patients know the cause?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    primarily to VVF patients. Services at the health facility are free including surgical operations that are carried out mainly by visiting specialists that come from outside the state on scheduled days. American and European specialists also come as volunteers on short-term trips to perform fistula repair operations at the hospital.

  19. Post-laparotomy haemoptysis due to broncho-abdominal fistula ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    migrating through the diaphragm into the chest and presenting as a right-sided lung abscess.6 Broncho-abdominal fistula (BAF) is similarly rare with a search yielding two reports involving single cases and one other report involving three cases.7–9. All aforementioned BAF cases refer to the right hemi-diaphragm.

  20. Living with vesico-vaginal fistula: experiences of women awaiting ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) is one of maternal health problems confronting public health workers in Nigeria today. Information on how women suffering from this condition cope is important in that it can inform the design and delivery of programmes and interventions to address the challenges that face victims of VVF.

  1. Robotic versus laparoscopic resection for sigmoid diverticulitis with fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Peter A; McLemore, Elisabeth C; Abbass, Mohammad A; Abbas, Maher A

    2015-06-01

    Robotic abdominal surgery is growing despite a paucity of clinical reports to evaluate its impact on patient outcomes. In this retrospective case series, we aim to analyze our early experience with robotic resection in 11 consecutive patients with chronic colonic diverticulitis complicated by fistula to bladder, vagina, or skin and to compare the results of the robotic approach to 20 patients undergoing laparoscopic resection for the same indication. Our main outcome measures include operative time, blood loss, conversion rate, transfusion rate, hospital length of stay, complications, readmission, and fistula healing rate. In our study, we found robotic resection for colonic diverticulitis with fistula was technically feasible and yielded 100% fistula healing rate. The operative time, complication and readmission rates were similar to laparoscopy. A higher conversion rate, diverting stoma need, and longer hospital length of stay were noted in the robotic group; however, these findings could have been attributed to a higher number of cases involving rectal excision in the robotic group. Larger studies are needed to further examine the impact of robotic surgery on the outcome of patients with complicated chronic sigmoid diverticulitis.

  2. Effect of Ethanolic Leaf Extract of Senna Fistula on some ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    olayemitoyin

    Effect of Ethanolic Leaf Extract of Senna Fistula on some. Haematological Parameters, Lipid Profile and Oxidative Stress in Alloxan-induced Diabetic Rats. * Ayinla, Tayo Maryam1, Owoyele, B. Victor1 and Yakubu, M. Toyin2. 1Department of Physiology a Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.

  3. Appendico-cutaneous fistula following hysterectomy: first case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Sérgio Brenner

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Appendico-cutaneous fistulas not related to acute appendicitis or cancer are rare and show spontaneous resolution after conservative treatment, mainly when they show low output, absence of obstruction or sepsis and in patients with good nutritional status. We found no report in the literature on appendico-cutaneous fistula after hysterectomy. The evolution of this case shows that this type of fistula can have low, but persistent debt, requiring definitive surgery. Resumo: Fístulas apendico-cutâneas não relacionadas à apendicite aguda ou neoplasias são raras e de resolução espontânea após tratamento conservador, sobretudo quando se apresentam com baixo débito, ausência de obstrução ou sepse e em pacientes em bom estado nutricional. Não encontramos relato na literatura de fístula apendico-cutânea após histerectomia. A evolução desse caso demonstra que a esse tipo de fístula pode apresentar débito baixo, mas persistente, demandando cirurgia definitiva. Keywords: Fistula, Colorectal surgery, Appendix, Palavras-chave: Fístula, Cirurgia colorretal, Apêndice

  4. Obstetric Fistula: A Narrative Review of the Literature on Preventive ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJRH Managing Editor

    study brings together the literature on the causes of these injuries in sub-Saharan Africa, as well as suggested interventions aimed at its prevention. ... Keywords: Obstetric fistula, Prevention, Intervention, Sub-Saharan Africa, Maternal health. Résumé ..... articles noted such practices were driven by excessive poverty, and ...

  5. Enterocutaneous Fistula in University of Port Harcourt Teaching ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    INTRODUCTION: Enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) is a distressful problem to the surgeon, patients and relatives. In spite of the medical advances over the years, mortality still remains between 10 and 20%. The objective of this study was to evaluate the management of ECF and its outcome as seen in University of Port ...

  6. Intra‑abdominal gossypiboma with feacal fistula, laparotomy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    multiple counting (4 times). The pathology of gossypiboma is that, once there is a delay in the detection of a sponge, it. Intra‑abdominal gossypiboma with feacal fistula, laparotomy, removal and .... algorithm to fine tune these processes.[12] Some authorities have also suggested the use of validated, automatic sponge.

  7. Modified transanal repair of congenital H-type rectovestibular fistula ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Congenital H-type rectovestibular fistulas are rare in the spectrum of anorectal malformations. Repair is associated with recurrence rates of up to 30%, using perineal repair, vestibuloanal pull-through or anterior anorectoplasty. The rarity of the malformation has limited experience with the surgical approach; hence, the rate ...

  8. Vesico-vaginal Fistula Surgery in Uganda. Brian Hancock, Mhairi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2004-12-02

    Dec 2, 2004 ... Methods: Between 1999 and 2003, 341 consecutive patients underwent VVF repair complicating ... Most patients were allowed out of bed from day two. ... Five new patients were turned down for operation .One had a double fistula with other serious medical problems. Another had large fibroids filling the.

  9. Venous aneurysm complicating arteriovenous fistula access and matrix metalloproteinases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serra Raffaele

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: An arteriovenous fistula (AVF for placed for hemodialysis may be burdened by one particular complication-the formation of a venous aneurysm. It has been shown that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL could represent markers of disease in both venous and arterial vessels.

  10. Abdominal Wall Reconstruction in Patients with Digestive Tract Fistulas

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Eric K.; Tushoski, Pamela L.

    2010-01-01

    Abdominal wall reconstruction in the digestive tract fistula patient is a complex issue. The authors review the available data and present information regarding the timing of surgery, techniques of abdominal wall reconstruction, hernia repair, and discuss pitfalls associated with the various options. A simple and basic approach to this problem is described.

  11. a note on contamination of oesophageal fistula samples with rumen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the diet of grazing animals, the oesophageal fistula has many advantages over other methods (McManus, 1961; van Dyne & Torell .... animals. Samping errors due to animals which for various reasons may be "poor" samplers could be minimized by performance testing of oesophageal fistulated animals both prior to and ...

  12. Sigmoid-urachal-cutaneous fistula in an adult male.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coons, Benjamin J; Clark, Peter E; Maynes, Lincoln J; Terhune, Kyla P; Stokes, Myron C; Beech, Derrick J

    2009-02-01

    An infected urachal cyst is an uncommon finding in adults. We report the first case of a sigmoid-urachal-cutaneous fistula that resulted from rupture of an infected urachal cyst in an adult male. Definitive management consisted of resection of the urachus with a bladder cuff, along with removal of the affected bowel segments and bowel anastomosis.

  13. Classification Types Of Postoperative Enterocutaneous Fistula As A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: Post operative enterocutaneous fistula, in this environment, continues to excite interest because it runs a distressing course, and it is often associated with high mortality and morbidity. Determining the classification type best suited to suggest the outcome would be helpful in guiding the management of the ...

  14. Acquired Salpingo-Enteric Fistula – A Case Report | Ogbeide ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There was a positive history of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, myomectomy and appendicectomy. The result showed evidence of opacification of the right fallopian tube with contrast outlining the adjacent large bowels.Asymptomatic pelvic fistulas maybe a silent cause of infertility, and association can only be stated as ...

  15. Chronic foot ulcer complicating a traumatic arteriovenous fistula ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Chronic foot ulcers could be a complication of traumatic arteriovenous (A-V) fistulation. We report a rare case of chronic foot ulcer and deformity resulting from arteriovenous fistula of the anterior tibial artery. Method: The clinical presentation and the outcome of treatment in a patient treated at the University of ...

  16. A Case of Esophagopericardial Fistula as a Complication of Upper ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    [10] The barium swallows done in this patient were normal and did not reveal the EPF (gross filling of the pericardial sac with contrast material) and is consistent with the reported barium swallow sensitivity of 69‑80[11] for the detection of esophagopericardial fistula. Upper gastro‑intestinal endoscopy (UGIE) may show the ...

  17. Vesicovaginal fistula following an induced abortion with a huge ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A case of a 26 year old P +1 woman who developed vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) following an induced 1 abortion is presented. She presented with five year history of continous leakage of urine following a voluntary termination of pregnancy at about 11 weeks of gestation using metallic instruments in a chemist shop by a ...

  18. Group Psychological Therapy in Obstetric Fistula Care: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    %) and mild (25.0 to 21.7%) and those without increased (43.3 to 73.3%). In conclusion, GPT is a useful adjunct to OF care as it improves their overall mental health status. (Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[1]: 156-160). Keywords: Obstetric fistula ...

  19. The split notochord syndrome with dorsal enteric fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, C H; Dietrich, R B; Pais, M J; Demos, D S; Pribram, H F

    1993-01-01

    Split notochord syndrome with dorsal enteric fistula is an extremely rare congenital anomaly that may be associated with meningomyelocele or meningocele, and genitourinary anomalies. This case presented with an additional finding of bladder exstrophy, raising the possibility of a relationship between this syndrome and the OEIS complex.

  20. uncomplicated midvaginal vesico-vaginal fistula repair in ibadan

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    INTRODUCTION. Obstetric fistula is a resultant effect of prolonged obstructed labour, an aftermath of a poorly supervised childbirth1-3. It has been reported as a neglected public health issue in the world4. Surgical expertise for managing this challenging medical condition is dwindling even in countries with many cases like.

  1. Pyloro-duodenal hernia with formation of enterocutaneous fistula in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pyloro-duodenal hernia with formation of enterocutaneous fistula in a buffalo calf following a dog attack. ... Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs. Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

  2. Acquired Salpingo-Enteric Fistula – A Case Report | Ogbeide ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hysterosalpingogram a common radiological examination is routinely used in the investigation of infertility and sub-fertility in women. The close proximity of the uterus to adjacent pelvic structures results in various types of pelvic fistulas after pelvic disease, pelvic radiation therapy, trauma or pelvic surgery. The case of a 34 ...

  3. Formation of a vesicovaginal fistula in a pig model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Jennifer; Rickardsson, Emilie; Andersen, Margrethe

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To establish an animal model of a vesicovaginal fistula that can later be used in the development of new treatment modalities. Materials and methods: Six female pigs of Landrace/Yorkshire breed were used. Vesicotomy was performed through open surgery. An standardized incision between...

  4. Management of Complex Urogenital Fistulae in the Female | Al ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The procedures were individualized according to the existing pathology and included bladder augmentation and construction of a bladder tube. Results: The fistulae were repaired successfully and socially acceptable continence was achieved in all patients. Conclusion: Through urological evaluation of complex urinary ...

  5. Management dilemma of cholecysto-colonic fistula: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waleed Gibreel

    2018-01-01

    Conclusion: Based on our experience with this particular case, we could safely conclude that an operation for cholecystocolonic fistula presence in the setting of biliary obstruction that failed decompressive attempts should be performed in an urgent fashion to avoid biliary sepsis development.

  6. Repair of oesophageal atresia with tracheo- oesophageal fistula ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Right thoracotomy for oesophageal atresia (OA) with dextrocardia is technically challenging due to the heart being in the operative field, and also due to the possibility of right-sided aortic arch. We report a neonate with long- gap OA with tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF), dextrocardia, and left-sided aortic arch who was.

  7. genito-urinary fistula patients at bugando medical centre

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-07-07

    Jul 7, 2010 ... Objectives: To identify high risk populations of fistula patients treated from 1998-. 2006. Design: A prospective ... Main outcome measures: Of the 1294 surgical repairs, 84% of the patients were cured,. 12% had stress incontinence and 4% ..... pelvic floor exercises in such cases. The districts of highest risk ...

  8. April 2006. 28 Surgical Audit of Vesico-Vaginal Fistulae

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Teachings in most training centres recommend that repair of these fistulae should be done by consultants. This study aimed at evaluating the outcome of VVF repairs done by on the job trained rural based medical officers in a rural setting. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study using data obtained from a review of ...

  9. Determinants of obstetric fistula in Ethiopia | Andargie | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Descriptive and binary logistic regressions techniques were used using demographic, socio-economic, health and environmental related variables as explanatory variables and status of obstetric fistula as a response variable. Results: The results showed that geographical region, place of residence, educational status, age ...

  10. Oesophageal atresia without tracheo-oesophageal fistula and an ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report on a primary laparoscopically assisted anorectal pullthrough (LAARP) performed in a neonate with pure oesophageal atresia and imperforate anus with recto-bulbo-urethral fistula, representing a unique case for the LAARP approach owing to the undistended nature of the bowel and sterile meconium. Further ...

  11. Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome due to arteriovenous fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unek, Ilkay Tugba; Birlik, Merih; Cavdar, Caner; Ersoy, Rifki; Onen, Fatos; Celik, Ali; Camsari, Taner

    2005-10-01

    A patient with end-stage renal disease presented with reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS) on her left hand 1 month after arteriovenous fistula (AVF) surgery. Magnetic resonance angiography revealed steal syndrome at the AVF level. Bone scintigraphy revealed early-stage RSDS. We considered that arterial insufficiency because of steal phenomenon following AVF surgery and underlying occlusive arterial disease triggered RSDS development.

  12. Management of Small Urethrocutaneous Fistula by Tight Ligation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    After identifying the fistulous opening, the fistula tract was circumferentially and meticulously dissected ,then the dissected tract was lifted up and the base was ligated tightly with 5/0 vicryl, the external epithelium of the dissected tract was fulgurated with the diathermy, then a second layer of local soft tissue was secured over ...

  13. Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss: The Question of Perilymph Fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Backous, Douglas D.; Niparko, John K.

    1997-01-01

    Perilymph fistula (PLF) is an abnormal communication between the fluid-containing spaces of the inner ear and the air-containing spaces of the temporal bone that can cause hearing loss, tinnitus, aural fullness, vertigo, and postural instability. Diagnosis of PLF and management of those with presumed PLF are discussed. (Contains extensive…

  14. Experience with enterocutaneous fistula management in a district ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Experience with enterocutaneous fistula management in a district hospital in Nigeria. ... Malnutrition and sepsis are the leading causes of death. There are no clear guidelines for optimal nutritional management. Aggressive measures to maintain positive nitrogen balance is the ultimate goal of nutritional management.

  15. Dural Arteriovenous Fistula of the Optic Nerve Sheath

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, René; Smagge, Lucas E.; Saeed, Peerooz; Majoie, Charles B.

    2009-01-01

    Dural arterial-venous fistulas (dAVf) are acquired vascular lesions that can give a variety of symptoms, depending on anatomical localization and venous drainage pattern. We present a very unusual case of a dAVf localized at the level of the optic nerve sheath including discussion of the vascular

  16. Large Vesico‑Vaginal Fistula Caused by a Foreign Body

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A plastic container approximately 4 cm in diameter was found invading into the vaginal musculature. With the successful removal of the container, a mid‑sized vesico‑vaginal fistula was noted measuring 2 cm in diameter with significant surrounding fibrosis and debris. A small stone was visualized in the bladder.

  17. Enterocutaneous fistula: A review of 82 cases | Njeze | Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    After treatment for correction of fluid and electrolyte deficits, they were all tried on conservative therapy with enteral nutritional support as the main stay of management. Those, whose fistulas did not close, underwent surgical treatment. Total parenteral nutrition, octreotide, fibrin glue, and wound vacuum assisted closure ...

  18. Vesicovaginal fistula, bladder calculus, retained foreign body or all ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L. Paik

    Vesicovaginal fistula, bladder calculus, retained foreign body or all of the above? The unusual presentation of a female with total urinary incontinence. L. Paika, S. Smitb,∗. , H. van Heerdenb, K. du Toitb,. A. van der Merweb, C. Heynsb a Department of Urology, Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine, ...

  19. Vesico vaginal fistula (VVF): a shift in epidemiology in northeastern ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Vesico vaginal fistula is not only a medical disorder, but a serious social calamity. It reflects the state of health system failing to meet the basic needs of a growing population. Objective: To determine the epidemiological variables and outcome of the VVF patients. Methodology: Eighty cases of VVF managed ...

  20. Histoacryl injection in the management of fourth branchial fistula

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Received 26 October 2011 accepted 27 April 2012. Introduction. Fourth branchial fistula is one of the congenital anomalies of the neck encountered in pediatric .... 9 Ford GR, Balakrishnan A, Evans JN, Bailey CM. Branchial cleft and pouch anomalies. J Laryngol Otol 1992; 106:137–143. 10 Nicoucar K, Giger R, Jaecklin T, ...

  1. A Case of Esophagopericardial Fistula as a Complication of Upper ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A case of suppurative pericarditis from an esophagopericardial fistula (EPF) following the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE). A 38‑year‑old schizophrenic male patient with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GORD) and previously dilated esophageal stricture was presented with acute retrosternal chest pain.

  2. Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome presenting with pulmonary arteriovenous fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Halefoglu, A.M.

    2005-01-01

    A pulmonary arteriovenous fistula is an abnormal connection between pulmonary arteries and veins. Patients with Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome may present with this vascular malformation, which is a typical finding of the disease. Approximately 5-15% of Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome patients have pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVM) and there is usually a family history of AVM in these patients. The malformations are usually located in the lower lobes. In this paper, I describe a 49-year-old male patient with dyspnoea, cough, haemoptysis and epistaxis. Physical examination showed nasal telangiectasias, cyanosis of the lips and nails, and a systolic bruit over the left lung. Chest X-ray revealed a 5-cm mass in the left lower lobe and after magnetic resonance examination, together with 3-D magnetic resonance angiography, it was demonstrated to be a pulmonary arteriovenous fistula. The history of a niece with a similar history of suspected pulmonary arteriovenous fistula led me to consider the possibility of Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome presenting with a pulmonary arteriovenous fistula. Copyright (2005) Blackwell Science Pty Ltd

  3. Crohn's disease presenting as a recurrent perianal fistula: A case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Crohn's disease (CD) is a multifactorial polygenic disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), often complicated by the development of intestinal strictures and/or formation of fistulas. Several diagnostic criteria have been proposed, usually relying on clinical, endoscopic, radiological or ...

  4. Neonatal perforated Amyand's hernia presenting as an enterocutaneous scrotal fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonios Panagidis

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Perforation of the vermiform appendix in a septic neonate with an Amyand's hernia resulted in the formation of a scrotal enterocutaneous fistula. In conclusion from this exceptional complication, active parental awareness for any neonatal scrotal swelling is required, and an early operative policy for the neonatal inguinal hernia is significant.

  5. Enterovaginal or Vesicovaginal Fistula Control Using a Silicone Cup.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Katie W; Robinson, Ryan E; Mone, Mary C; Scaife, Courtney L

    2016-12-01

    An enterovaginal or vesicovaginal fistula is a complication resulting in vaginal discharge of succus, urine, or stool that can lead to significant complications. For low-volume fistulae, tampons or pads may be used. With high-volume fistulae, frequent product change can be painful and unpredictable in terms of efficacy. The psychologic distress is profound. Surgery may not be an option, making symptom control the priority. We report the use of a reusable menstrual silicone vaginal cup placed to divert and contain drainage. The menstrual cup provided significant symptom relief. Drainage is immediately diverted from tissue, unlike with tampon or pad use, which involves longer contact periods with caustic fluids. A system was created by adapting the end of the cup by adding silastic tubing and an external leg bag to provide long-term drainage control. Improvement in quality of life is of primary importance when dealing with fistula drainage. This simple and inexpensive device should be considered in those cases in which the drainage can be diverted as a viable option, especially in those who are symptomatic and awaiting surgical repair or in those for whom surgery cannot be performed.

  6. Pisiform malalignment associated with distal radius fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tajima, Takafumi; Zenke, Yukichi; Yamanaka, Yoshiaki; Menuki, Kunitaka; Sakai, Akinori

    2018-03-01

    The association of scaphoid or other carpal bone fractures with distal radius fractures is frequently reported, whereas few studies have described pisiform malalignment associated with distal radius fractures. The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency and characteristics of pisiform malalignment associated with distal radius fractures. We performed a retrospective study by reviewing the data of 152 consecutive patients with a mean age of 63 years who were treated surgically for distal radius fractures during a five-year period. We evaluated the pisotriquetral joint via preoperative sagittal computed tomography (CT) and assessed pisiform malalignment. Pisiform malalignment was defined as follows: (1) wide type, joint space ≥4.0 mm; (2) non-parallel type, loss of parallelism of the joint surface of ≥20°; or (3) overriding type, proximal or distal overriding of the pisotriquetral joint ≥2.0 mm. We investigated the relationship between pisiform malalignment and the patterns of distal radius fractures. Pisiform malalignment was assessed using postoperative CT to determine whether it had been reduced. Pisiform malalignment was observed in 48 cases involving 44 patients with a mean age of 58 (17-81) years. The patients included 16, 17, and 15 cases of the wide type, non-parallel type, and overriding type, respectively. Distal radius fractures with dorsal displacement exhibited pisiform malalignment significantly more frequently than those with volar displacement. No significant difference was noted between intra- and extra-articular fractures or between patients with and without distal ulnar fractures. Among the 22 pisiform malalignment cases assessed via postoperative CT, 15 cases were reduced, and 7 cases remained malaligned. The non-parallel type exhibited the lowest reduction rate among the 3 types. Among distal radius fractures, 29% were complicated by pisiform malalignment. Distal radius fractures with dorsal displacement exhibited a

  7. Atrio-Esophageal Fistula: A Case Series and Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuring, Craig A; Mountjoy, Luke J; Priaulx, Ashley B; Schneider, Robert J; Smith, Hayden L; Wall, Geoffrey C; Kadaria, Dipen; Sodhi, Amik

    2017-08-01

    BACKGROUND Percutaneous catheter radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and cryoablation of the left atrium and pulmonary vein ostia have become successful therapeutic modalities in the management of atrial fibrillation. Atrio-esophageal fistula is a rare complication. Awareness of complication risk is imperative because without prompt diagnosis and urgent surgical intervention, the outcome is often fatal. We present 3 cases of atrio-esophageal fistula following percutaneous catheter radiofrequency ablation (RFA). CASE REPORT Case 1: A 72-year old white male presented 27 days after percutaneous RFA for atrial fibrillation with fever, altered mental status, and melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed a 1-cm defect in the mid-esophagus. Upon thoracotomy, severe hemorrhage ensued from a concomitant injury to the left atrium. Multiple attempts to repair the left atrial perforation were unsuccessful and the patient died. Case 2: A 71-year old white male presented 29 days after percutaneous RFA for atrial fibrillation with fever and tonic-clonic seizure. Recognition of possible atrio-esophageal fistula was considered and confirmed on thoracotomy. Surgical fixation of the left atria and esophagus were performed. The patient survived and was discharged to a skilled care facility. Case 3: A 75-year old white male presented 24 days after percutaneous RFA for atrial fibrillation with chest pain. An echocardiogram revealed a large pericardial effusion and pericardiocentesis was performed. Despite aggressive measures, the patient died. The autopsy demonstrated a communicating esophageal fistula with the right pulmonary vein. CONCLUSIONS Clinicians tending to patients who have recently undergone atrial ablation need to be aware of atrio-esophageal fistula as a rare but highly fatal complication.

  8. Distal movement of maxillary canines and premolars with sectional mechanics following Distal Jet application to molars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolla, E; Doldo, T; Giorgetti, R

    2004-01-01

    to assess the effectiveness of Distal Jet without simultaneous fixed appliance treatment. twenty subjects with Class II malocclusion who received the Distal Jet appliance to move maxillary molars distally. Subsequently, the canine and premolar distal movements were achieved by the use of.017 x.025 Ni-Ti sectional wires and memory power chain. revealed that Distal Jet is more effective with less anchorage loss when this appliance is used independent of multibracket appliances. this study showed that Distal Jet is an effective and predictable appliance. The distal movements of upper premolars, canines and incisors with sectional wires fabricated from.017 x.025 Ni-Ti were biomechanically very effective, simple in clinical application, and did not require any patient compliance.

  9. Comparison of an anal fistula plug and mucosa advancement flap for complex anal fistulas: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yansong; Tang, Weizhong

    2016-12-01

    The aim of this analysis was to compare the advantages of the anal fistula plug (AFP) with the mucosa advancement flap (MAF) for complex anal fistulas. Comparative studies of the efficacy of AFP and MAF were included. Two independent reviewers selected articles for inclusion. After information collection, a meta-analysis was performed using data on overall healing rates, complications, incontinences and recurrences. The quality of postoperative life and cost were also included with the clinical results. Ten studies included 778 patients who were divided into AFP and MAF groups in this meta-analysis. During the follow-up period, no significant difference in healing rates, complications and recurrences were found (P = 0.55, P = 0.78 and P = 0.23, respectively). The incontinence rate of AFP was lower than that of MAF (P = 0.04). The postoperative quality of life of AFP patients was superior to that of MAF patients. The AFP patients had less persistent pain of a shorter duration and shortened healing time and hospital stay. The treatment cost of AFP patient was lower than that of MAF. Compared to the MAF procedure, the AFP procedure has some advantages for complex anal fistulas, but more and large randomized clinical trials comparing the two procedures for fistula management need to be conducted. © 2016 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  10. Load transfer at the distal ulna following simulated distal radius fracture malalignment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Louis M; Greeley, Gillian S; Johnson, James A; King, Graham J W

    2015-02-01

    To measure the effects of distal radius malalignment on loading at the distal ulna. Using an adjustable mechanism to simulate angulated and translated malalignments, clinically relevant distal radius deformities were simulated in a cadaveric model. A custom-built load cell was inserted just proximal to the native ulna head to measure the resultant force and torque in the distal ulna. Loads were measured before and after transecting the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). There was an increase in distal ulna load and torque with increasing dorsal translation and angulation. Combined conditions of angulation and translation increased force and torque in the distal ulna to a greater extent than with either condition in isolation. Transecting the TFCC resulted in a reduction in distal ulna load and torque. A progressive increase in load at the distal ulna was observed with increasing severity of malalignment, which may be an important contributor to residual ulnar wrist pain and dysfunction. However, no clear-cut threshold of malalignment of a dorsally angulated and translated distal radius fracture was identified. These observations suggest that radius deformities cause articular incongruity, which increases TFCC tension and distal radioulnar joint load. Cutting of the TFCC decreased distal ulna loading, likely by releasing the articular constraining effect of the TFCC on the distal radioulnar joint, allowing the radius to rotate more freely with respect to the ulna. Anatomical reduction of a distal radius fracture minimizes the forces in the distal ulna and may reduce residual ulnar wrist pain and dysfunction. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Clinical and angiographic characteristics of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas manifesting as venous infarction and/or intracranial hemorrhage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miyamoto, Naoko; Naito, Isao; Takatama, Shin; Shimizu, Tatsuya; Iwai, Tomoyuki; Shimaguchi, Hidetoshi

    2009-01-01

    Cavernous sinus (CS) dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) rarely cause venous infarction (VI) and/or intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) despite the presence of cortical venous drainage (CVD). The present study investigated the characteristics of CS DAVFs manifesting as VI/ICH. Fifty-four patients treated for CS DAVFs were retrospectively studied. Six patients presented with VI/ICH. Two of the three patients presenting with ICH had CVD only to the superficial sylvian vein (SSV) or the deep sylvian vein (DSV). Three patients presenting with VI had multiple drainages, and angiography of these patients showed a varix on the SSV, drainage into the DSV with agenesis of the second and third segment of basal vein of Rosenthal, and thrombosis of the distal petrosal vein. CS DAVF with CVD only carries higher risk of VI/ICH than multiple drainages. Many CS DAVFs presenting with VI, especially those with drainage into the petrosal vein, have multiple drainages in the early stage. Thrombosis of the inferior and superior petrosal sinuses and superior orbital vein gradually increases pressure of the CVD, and then, VI may occur. In contrast, CS DAVFs with CVD only from the beginning, common in the patients with drainage into the SSVs and DSVs, are likely to cause ICH. Angiographic risk factors causing VI/ICH are CVD only, varix formation, agenesis of the second and third segment of basal vein of Rosenthal, and thrombosis of the superior orbital vein, lateral half of the superior petrosal sinus, and distal CVD. (orig.)

  12. Clinical and angiographic characteristics of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas manifesting as venous infarction and/or intracranial hemorrhage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyamoto, Naoko; Naito, Isao; Takatama, Shin; Shimizu, Tatsuya; Iwai, Tomoyuki [Geriatrics Research Institute and Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Maebashi (Japan); Shimaguchi, Hidetoshi [Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Maebashi (Japan)

    2009-01-15

    Cavernous sinus (CS) dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) rarely cause venous infarction (VI) and/or intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) despite the presence of cortical venous drainage (CVD). The present study investigated the characteristics of CS DAVFs manifesting as VI/ICH. Fifty-four patients treated for CS DAVFs were retrospectively studied. Six patients presented with VI/ICH. Two of the three patients presenting with ICH had CVD only to the superficial sylvian vein (SSV) or the deep sylvian vein (DSV). Three patients presenting with VI had multiple drainages, and angiography of these patients showed a varix on the SSV, drainage into the DSV with agenesis of the second and third segment of basal vein of Rosenthal, and thrombosis of the distal petrosal vein. CS DAVF with CVD only carries higher risk of VI/ICH than multiple drainages. Many CS DAVFs presenting with VI, especially those with drainage into the petrosal vein, have multiple drainages in the early stage. Thrombosis of the inferior and superior petrosal sinuses and superior orbital vein gradually increases pressure of the CVD, and then, VI may occur. In contrast, CS DAVFs with CVD only from the beginning, common in the patients with drainage into the SSVs and DSVs, are likely to cause ICH. Angiographic risk factors causing VI/ICH are CVD only, varix formation, agenesis of the second and third segment of basal vein of Rosenthal, and thrombosis of the superior orbital vein, lateral half of the superior petrosal sinus, and distal CVD. (orig.)

  13. Genetics Home Reference: distal 18q deletion syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Conditions Distal 18q deletion syndrome Distal 18q deletion syndrome Printable PDF Open All Close All Enable ... view the expand/collapse boxes. Description Distal 18q deletion syndrome is a chromosomal condition that occurs when ...

  14. Aorto-right atrial fistula after ascending aortic replacement or aortic value replacement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhi Aihua; Dai Ruping; Jiang Shiliang; Lu Bin

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the CT features of aorto-right atrial fistula after aortic valve replacement (AVR) or ascending aortic replacement. Methods: Eighty-seven patients with aortic-right atrial fistula underwent CT after operation. The CT features were retrospectively analyzed. Fistula was measured according to maximum width of the shunt. Results: Aorto-right atrial fistula was detected in 87 patients after aortic valve replacement or ascending aortic replacement by CT scan. Among them, 25 patients were diagnosed as mild aorto-right atrial fistula, 47 patients as moderate, and 15 patients as severe. Thirty-seven patients underwent follow-up CT.Among them, 10 patients with mild to moderate aorto-right atrial fistula were considered to have complete regression, 8 patients with mild aorto-right atrial fistula considered to have incomplete regression, 14 patients with mild to moderate aorto-right atrial fistula considered to have stable condition, and 5 patients with moderate aorto-right atrial fistula considered to have progression at the 3-month follow-up. Conclusion: CT is a useful tool for defining aorto-right atrial fistula after AVR or ascending aortic replacement and for evaluating it in follow-up. (authors)

  15. Villous adenoma of the distal appendix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, J V; Thomas, M G; Kelly, S; Sutton, R

    1997-04-01

    Villous adenoma confined to the distal appendix has not been previously reported in conjunction with acute apendicitis. The presence of an adenoma indicates a need for further investigation due to an association with neoplasia elsewhere.

  16. Genetics Home Reference: distal arthrogryposis type 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1 is a disorder characterized by joint deformities (contractures) that restrict movement in the hands and feet. ... distal arthrogryposis type 1 . However, researchers speculate that contractures may be related to problems with muscle contraction ...

  17. Conceptualizing distal drivers in land use competition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niewhöner, Jörg; Nielsen, Jonas Ø; Gasparri, Gasparri

    2016-01-01

    This introductory chapter explores the notion of ‘distal drivers’ in land use competition. Research has moved beyond proximate causes of land cover and land use change to focus on the underlying drivers of these dynamics. We discuss the framework of telecoupling within human–environment systems...... as a first step to come to terms with the increasingly distal nature of driving forces behind land use practices. We then expand the notion of distal as mainly a measure of Euclidian space to include temporal, social, and institutional dimensions. This understanding of distal widens our analytical scope...... for the analysis of land use competition as a distributed process to consider the role of knowledge and power, technology, and different temporalities within a relational or systemic analysis of practices of land use competition. We conclude by pointing toward the historical and social contingency of land use...

  18. The effect of arteriovenous fistulas on in situ saphenous vein bypasses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørdam, Peter; Jensen, Leif Panduro; Schroeder, T

    1991-01-01

    Doppler examination identified 89% of those branches with sufficient flow to opacify the deep venous system on completion arteriogram. Half of the missed fistulas underwent spontaneous thrombosis, and in only one case did the arteriovenous fistula lead to hemodynamic symptoms demanding surgical closure......Intraoperative identification and later development of arteriovenous fistulas were investigated prospectively in 70 in situ saphenous vein bypass procedures. Surveillance was performed by completion arteriography and intra- and postoperative continuous wave Doppler examination. The intraoperative...... of the fistula. Pursuing a policy of selectively ligating fistulas that only fill the deep venous system on completion arteriography led to an additional nine arteriovenous fistulas. Developed over an average follow-up of six months, four patients presented symptoms of edema and swelling and were relieved upon...

  19. A New Method to Treat High Anal Fistula - Bidirectional Isobaric Drainage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zheng, Linghua; Wang, Yanmei; Zhao, Jingbo

    2016-01-01

    Background and aim: Traditionally, the principle of the treatment for anal fistula is "open fistula, fistulotomy ". Fistulotomy is the standard treatment for simple and low fistulas. However for the high fistula, the anorectal ring will be disconnected by fistulotomy. A better treatment should...... damage the anorectal ring less and protect the anal function more. The aim of the present study is to explore a new method-bidirectional isobaric drainage radical resection to treat simple high anal fistula. Materials and methods:One hundred and twenty patients with simple high anal fistula were randomly...... cavity, then put the drainage seton to form a two-way isobaric drainage with the low incision. The patients in Control group were treated using a high cutting seton therapy with the low incision. The changes of average wound healing time, the cure rate, the recurrence rate, the postoperative pain (four...

  20. A case of hypopharyngeal fistula suspected of late complication due to irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fuchigami, Teruhiko; Karaho, Takehiro; Hyodo, Yoshihiro; Tanabe, Tetsuya; Kitahara, Satoshi

    2003-01-01

    We report a case of hypopharyngeal fistula which was suspected of being a late complication due to radiotherapy. The patient was 54-year-old female who had undergone total thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma in 1967, receiving a total of 75 Gy postoperative irradiation. In 2001 she came to our hospital complaining of neck pain and difficulty in swallowing. On pharyngoesophagogram we found a hypopharyngeal fistula. The fistula was located under the posterior wall of the hypopharynx between C4 and C7. It was undetectable with flexible fiberscope but was detected with rigid endoscope under the general anesthesia. We suspected it was a late complication of the irradiation. We performed endoscopic laser surgery (KTP), resected the tissue between the upper and lower openings of the fistula, and vertically exposed the fistula in the hypopharyngeal space. Her dysphagia improved. We discuss the mechanism of fistula formation in this case. (author)

  1. A case of hypopharyngeal fistula suspected of late complication due to irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuchigami, Teruhiko; Karaho, Takehiro; Hyodo, Yoshihiro; Tanabe, Tetsuya; Kitahara, Satoshi [National Defense Medical Coll., Tokorozawa, Saitama (Japan)

    2003-05-01

    We report a case of hypopharyngeal fistula which was suspected of being a late complication due to radiotherapy. The patient was 54-year-old female who had undergone total thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma in 1967, receiving a total of 75 Gy postoperative irradiation. In 2001 she came to our hospital complaining of neck pain and difficulty in swallowing. On pharyngoesophagogram we found a hypopharyngeal fistula. The fistula was located under the posterior wall of the hypopharynx between C4 and C7. It was undetectable with flexible fiberscope but was detected with rigid endoscope under the general anesthesia. We suspected it was a late complication of the irradiation. We performed endoscopic laser surgery (KTP), resected the tissue between the upper and lower openings of the fistula, and vertically exposed the fistula in the hypopharyngeal space. Her dysphagia improved. We discuss the mechanism of fistula formation in this case. (author)

  2. Gastrosplenic fistula in Hodgkin's lymphoma treated successfully by laparoscopic surgery and chemotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Al-Asghar, Hamad I.; Khan, Mohammad Q.; Ghamdi, Abdullah M.; Bamehirz, Fahad Y.; Maghfoor, I.

    2007-01-01

    A gastrosplenic fistula is a rare complication of a gastric or splenic lesion. We report a case of Hodgkin's lymphoma (nodular sclerosis) involving the spleen that was complicated by spontaneous gastrosplenic fistula. The fistula was closed laparoscopically and the patient underwent partial gastrectomy and gastric wall repair followed by successful chemotherapy. This is also the first reported case in published literature where the closure of gastrosplenic fistula and partial gastrectomy was carried out laparoscopically. We recommend that extensive open surgical procedures including total gastroectomy, splenectomy and pancreatectomy may be avoided in the management of gastrosplenic fistula and the patient could be managed by less radical, simple laparoscopic fistulectomy, with partial gastric resection. If the fistula is caused by a malignant process, the surgical repair should be followed by definitive treatment with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. (author)

  3. Gastro-umbilical fistula as a rare complication of benign gastric ulcer perforation: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ju Young; Jang, Kyung Mi; Yoon, Hoi Soo; Kim, Min Jeong; Lee, Kwan Seop; Lee, Yul; Bae, Sang Hoon [College of Medicine, Hallym University, Anyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-11-15

    As fistula occurring between the stomach and other abdominal internal organs or to the surface of the body is usually encountered as a complication of stomach cancer or colon cancer, peptic ulcer disease, or other variable causes. The most common type of gastric fistula is a gastro-colic fistula that is mainly found as a complication of a gastric carcinoma or of a carcinoma of the transverse colon invading each other. Sometimes, a benign gastric ulcer perforation also can cause a gastro-colic fistula. However, as far as we know, a fistula occurring between the stomach and the umbilicus has not been reported. Here we present a case report of a gastro-umbilical fistula in a young woman that manifested as a umbilical discharge.

  4. Gastro-umbilical fistula as a rare complication of benign gastric ulcer perforation: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Ju Young; Jang, Kyung Mi; Yoon, Hoi Soo; Kim, Min Jeong; Lee, Kwan Seop; Lee, Yul; Bae, Sang Hoon

    2007-01-01

    As fistula occurring between the stomach and other abdominal internal organs or to the surface of the body is usually encountered as a complication of stomach cancer or colon cancer, peptic ulcer disease, or other variable causes. The most common type of gastric fistula is a gastro-colic fistula that is mainly found as a complication of a gastric carcinoma or of a carcinoma of the transverse colon invading each other. Sometimes, a benign gastric ulcer perforation also can cause a gastro-colic fistula. However, as far as we know, a fistula occurring between the stomach and the umbilicus has not been reported. Here we present a case report of a gastro-umbilical fistula in a young woman that manifested as a umbilical discharge

  5. Spontaneous bronchoesophageal fistula in an adult – A possible delayed sequela of pulmonary tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surendra Patel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous bronchoesophageal fistula in the adult is a rare clinical entity. Most bronchoesophageal fistulae are due to malignancy, prolonged endotracheal intubation or trauma. Granulomatous infections like tuberculosis, HIV and mediastinitis are rare causes of acquired bronchoesophageal fistula. We report a case of a 50 year old man, treated for pulmonary tuberculosis 15 years ago, who developed a spontaneous bronchoesophageal fistula between the mid-esophagus and right main stem bronchus, having no history of malignancy or trauma. Surgical closure of the fistula was done and post operative recovery was uneventful. In this case, the bronchoesophageal fistula probably developed as a delayed sequela of pulmonary tuberculosis as the patient had no active signs of pulmonary tuberculosis clinically or histopathologically.

  6. Hemodialysis vascular access options after failed Brescia-Cimino arteriovenous fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aneesh Srivastava

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The survival of patients on long-term hemodialysis has improved. End-stage renal disease patients now need maintenance of their vascular access for much longer periods. Arteriovenous fistulae formed at the wrist are the first choice for this purpose, but, in many patients, these fistulae fail over time or are not feasible because of thrombosed veins. We searched the Pubmed database to evaluate the various options of vascular access in this group of patients based on the published literature. It is quite evident that, whenever possible, autogenous fistulae should be preferred over prosthetic grafts. Use of upper arm cephalic and basilic veins with transpositions wherever required can enhance autogenous fistula options to a large extent. Upper arm grafts should be used when no autogenous fistula is possible. Lower limb and body wall fistula sites are to be considered at the end, when all options in both upper limbs are exhausted.

  7. Diagnosis and endoscopic treatment of esophago-bronchial fistula due to gastric heterotopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsanos, Konstantinos H; Christodoulou, Dimitrios K; Kamina, Sevasti; Maria, Kosmidou; Lambri, Evangelia; Theodorou, Stavroula; Tsampoulas, Konstantinos; Vasiliki, Mitsi; Tsianos, Epameinondas V

    2010-04-16

    Heterotopic gastric mucosa patches are congenital gastrointestinal abnormalities and have been reported to occur anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus. Complications of heterotopic gastric mucosa include dysphagia, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, upper esophageal ring stricture, adenocarcinoma and fistula formation. In this case report we describe the diagnosis and treatment of the first case of esophago-bronchial fistula due to heterotopic gastric mucosa in mid esophagus. A 40-year old former professional soccer player was referred to our department for treatment of an esophago-bronchial fistula. Microscopic examination of the biopsies taken from the esophageal fistula revealed the presence of gastric heterotopic mucosa. We decided to do a non-surgical therapeutic endoscopic procedure. A sclerotherapy catheter was inserted through which 1 mL of ready to use synthetic surgical glue was applied in the fistula and it closed the fistula opening with excellent results.

  8. Heart Failure with Transient Left Bundle Branch Block in the Setting of Left Coronary Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen P. Juraschek

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary arterial fistulas are rare communications between vessels or chambers of the heart. Although cardiac symptoms associated with fistulas are well described, fistulas are seldom considered in the differential diagnosis of acute myocardial ischemia. We describe the case of a 64-year-old man who presented with left shoulder pain, signs of heart failure, and a new left bundle branch block (LBBB. Cardiac catheterization revealed a small left anterior descending (LAD-to-pulmonary artery (PA fistula. Diuresis led to subjective improvement of the patient's symptoms and within several days the LBBB resolved. We hypothesize that the coronary fistula in this patient contributed to transient ischemia of the LAD territory through a coronary steal mechanism. We elected to observe rather than repair the fistula, as his symptoms and ECG changes resolved with treatment of his heart failure.

  9. Delayed Diagnosis of Vesicouterine Fistula After Treatment for Mixed Urinary Incontinence: Menstrual Cup Management and Diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldberg, Leah; Elsamra, Sammy; Hutchinson-Colas, Juana; Segal, Saya

    2016-01-01

    A vesicouterine fistula is a rare form of urogenital fistula, yet there is increasing prevalence in the United States because of the rising rate of cesarean deliveries. Vesicouterine fistulas have various presentations including menouria, hematuria, or urinary incontinence. A 39-year-old multiparous woman presented with urine leakage after her third cesarean delivery. She had been treated for mixed urinary incontinence with overactive bladder medications and a midurethral sling with continued complaints of urine leakage. The patient noticed her symptoms of urine leakage improved during menses when she used a menstrual cup. After confirmation of vesicouterine fistula, the patient underwent robotic-assisted surgery and her symptoms of insensible urine leakage resolved. When evaluating women with urinary incontinence and a history of cesarean deliveries, use of menstrual cup may aid in the diagnosis of vesicouterine fistula. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic repair with tissue interposition flap is an efficacious minimally invasive method for treatment of vesicouterine fistula.

  10. Operative technique for tracheo-innominate artery fistula repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furukawa, Kojiro; Kamohara, Keiji; Itoh, Manabu; Morokuma, Hiroyuki; Morita, Shigeki

    2014-04-01

    Tracheo-innominate artery fistula is fatal unless treated surgically. We describe our surgical approach and results in seven patients. The average patient age was 15.7 years; all patients had prior severe neurological deficits. Three of seven patients were in hemorrhagic shock; control of preoperative bleeding was achieved with tracheostomy tube cuff overinflation. The innominate artery and the trachea were exposed through a collar incision and partial upper sternotomy. The innominate artery was divided at the aortic arch and at the bifurcation, with one exception. Cerebral blood flow was monitored by the blood pressure difference in the bilateral upper extremities and by near-infrared spectroscopy. The tracheal fistula was left adherent to the innominate artery in all but one patient. All patients were discharged without new neurologic deficits or severe morbidity. Overall survival was 84% at 37 months, without any vascular, tracheal, or neurological events. Crown Copyright © 2014. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. TRAUMATIC GASTROPLEURAL FISTULA COMPLICATED BY EMPYEMA AND PNEUMOTHORAX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijay Kumar

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available We herein report a case of traumatic gastropleural fistula complicated by empyema and pneumothorax which is a rare entity. A 22 year old male was admitted with alleged history of stab injury to left lower chest. Patient was f ound to have left sided pneumothorax, for which intercostal drainage tube was inserted and the patient stabilised. Chest radiograph taken three days after the chest tube insertion showed persistent hydropneumothorax for which the patient underwent a contra st enhanced computed tomography of thorax (CECT. CECT of thorax revealed herniation of fundus of stomach through a defect in the left dome of diaphragm into the left thoracic cavity with leakage of oral contrast into the left pleural cavity. Preoperative diagnosis of gastropleural fistula was made and the same was confirmed in the intraoperative findings. The patient underwent laparotomy with repair of the diaphragmatic defect and closure of the gastric perforation. The patient made an uneventful recovery

  12. Doppler findings in a rare Coronary Artery Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorns Carl

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract One of the primary forms of congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries is coronary artery fistula (CAF. It is defined as a direct communication between the coronary artery and any surrounding cardiac chamber or vascular structure, which bypasses the myocardial capillary bed. We present a newborn baby with a large coronary artery fistula connecting the left anterior descending (LAD artery to the left ventricular (LV apex. Associated cardiac abnormalities were found: a ventricular septal defect (diameter 4 mm, a patent foramen ovale as well as trivial tricuspid and mitral regurgitation. Here we demonstrate the echocardiograms of an extremely rare form of CAF diagnosed within the first days of postnatal life.

  13. Peroneal Arteriovenous Fistula and Pseudoaneurysm: An Unusual Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin C. Ching

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Peroneal artery arteriovenous fistulas and pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare with the majority of reported cases due to penetrating, orthopedic, or iatrogenic trauma. Failure to diagnose this unusual vascular pathology may lead to massive hemorrhage or limb threatening ischemia. We report an interesting case of a 14-year-old male who presented with acute musculoskeletal pain of his lower extremity. Initial radiographs were negative. Further imaging workup revealed a peroneal arteriovenous fistula with a large pseudoaneurysm. After initial endovascular intervention was unsuccessful, the vessels were surgically ligated in the operating room. Pathology revealed papillary endothelial hyperplasia consistent with an aneurysm and later genetic testing was consistent with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Type IV. This case illustrates an unusual cause of acute atraumatic musculoskeletal pain and uncommon presentation of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

  14. Oroantral fistula from bisphosphonate induced osteonecrosis of the jaw

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Sharp

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Bisphosphonates like alendronic acid, disodium etidronate, and risedronate are effective for preventing postmenopausal and corticosteroid induced osteoporosis. They are also useful in the treatment of Paget’s disease, hypercalcaemia of malignancy and in bony metastases. However osteonecrosis of the jaw has been reported following intravenous bisphosphonate use and rarely in those taking them orally.Increasingly, oroantral fistulae have been shown to occur as sequelae of bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw and this case report highlights a patient that presented to our ENT department and required sinus surgery in collaboration with maxillofacial surgeons.This case report aims to raise awareness among ENT surgeons to these patients on bisphosphonates that could present to them with sinus disease from oroantral fistulae. There is an on-going audit in the maxillofacial community on this emerging trend.

  15. Post-operative duodenal fistula: percutaneous treatment and review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Huerta

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Duodenal fistula is a complex condition, relatively frequent presentation, being in most cases of postoperative origin. Among the latter, 6% to 11% are secondary to surgical treatment of perforated duodenal ulcer, and more unusual, as a complication of cholecystectomy. Two cases treated percutaneous at the Polyclinic Bank city of Buenos Aires are presented. The first, a female patient with a duodenal fistula as a postoperative complication of a perforated duodenal ulcer and the second one patient male with the same pathology but as a complication of cholecystectomy. Percutaneous treatment of this disease has been reported sporadically without having proven its usefulness. Once diagnosed the same Fistulography and obliteration were performed percutaneously achieving complete remission of the disease.

  16. Pulmonary Arteriovenous Fistula: Clinical and Histologic Spectrum of Four Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soomin Ahn

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF is abnormally dilated vessels that provide a right-to-left shunt between pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein and is clinically divided into simple and complex type. Here, we report four cases of surgically resected sporadic PAVFs presenting various clinical and histologic spectrums. Cases 1 (a 57-old-female and 2 (a 54-old-female presented as incidentally identified single aneurysmal fistulas and the lesions were surgically removed without complication. On the other hand, case 3 (an 11-old-male showed diffuse dilated vascular sacs involving both lungs and caused severe hemodynamic and pulmonary dysfunction. Embolization and surgical resection of the main lesion failed to relieve the symptoms. Case 4 (a 36-old-male had a localized multiloculated cyst clinically mimicking congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation. Microscopically, the lesion consisted of dilated thick vessels, consistent with the diagnosis of fistulous arteriovenous malformation/hemangioma.

  17. Unusual case of nephrocutaneous fistula – Our experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeev Thekumpadam Puthenveetil

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A rare case of nephrococutaneous fistula due to spontaneous expulsion of renal calculi is described. A 45-year-old man presented with urinary leakage from an ulcer over the left lumbar region for the last 3 months after a history of spontaneous expulsion of stones from this area. Ultrasonography abdomen revealed a small contracted kidney with multiple calculi in the kidney and renal pelvis, sinus tract from the lower pole of the left kidney with a ruptured calyceal calculus in the sinus tract. CT urography revealed a non excreting left kidney with multiple renal calculi, with hyperdense collection in the renal parenchyma extending to the subcutaneous tissue and left lung suggesting a xenthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP. We performed a left-sided simple nephrectomy with excision of the fistulous tract. Histopathological examination revealed XGP. There have been a few case reports of XGP forming nephrocutaneous fistula in the back.

  18. Emergency treatment by intravascular embolization in traumatic carotid cavernous fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tang Jun; Sun Zengtao; Liu Zuoqin; Liu Yanjun; Li Fengxin

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the method of intervenfional intravascular treatment in traumatic carotid cavernous fistula (TCCF) and the significance of clinical application in emergency. Methods: In 297 eases of TCCF, 36 cases were treated by interventional intravascular embolization by detachable balloon, embolization orificium or occlusion in one side of carotid artery. In the 36 cases, serious epistaxis occurred in 22 eases, cortical vein inflow in 9 cases, intracranial hemorrhage in 3 cases, aggravation of eyesight in 3 cases, and limb dysfunction in 2 cases. Results: Fistula was successfully embolized and internal carotid artery remained patent in 19 cases. Complete embolization of orificium or internal carotid artery was achieved in 17 eases. The serious epistaxias in 22 cases and intracranial hemorrhage in 3 cases stopped. Eyesight recovered in 2 eases and improved in 1 case. Limb dysfunction improved evidently in 2 cases. Conclusion: Intravascular embolization treatment is the first therapeutic choice for TCCF, especially in emergency. It is necessary, safe and effective. (authors)

  19. Congenital arteriovenous fistula of the horseshoe kidney with multiple hemangiomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazić Miodrag

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Congenital renal arteriovenous fistulas (AVF are rare, especially if they are associated with other developmental renal anomalies. Case Outline. A 34-year-old female was hospitalized due to total painless hematuria and bladder tamponade. Excretory urography revealed a horseshoe kidney with normal morphology of pyelocaliceal system and ureters. Aortography and selective renovasography detected a cluster-like vascular formation with multiple arteriovenous fistulas (AVF. Due to a large AVF gauge and poor flow of the efferent vein to the inferior vena cava, a surgical procedure of two renal artery segmentary branches ligation and division was performed. During the operative procedure, the presence of multiple superficial renal hemangiomas was detected. Conclusion. Although selective arterial embolization represents the preferable treatment option, conventional surgery remains favorable alternative in selected cases with large and complex AVF.

  20. Tratamento da síndrome de roubo de fístula arteriovenosa pela técnica de revascularização distal e ligadura arterial: relato de três casos Treatment of hemodialysis access steal syndrome by distal revascularization arterial ligature: report of three cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afonso César Polimanti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Fístulas arteriovenosas para hemodiálise podem apresentar complicações a longo prazo. Entre as complicações mais raras, há a isquemia distal por síndrome de roubo. Os autores relataram a experiência de três casos de pacientes portadores de fístulas braquiocefálicas, em funcionamento por longo prazo e que evoluíram com isquemia crítica do membro, sem resposta com tratamento clínico. Com o intuito de tratar esta afecção e preservar o acesso vascular, optou-se pela realização da revascularização distal interposta por ligadura arterial. Devido à raridade dos casos, relatou-se a experiência e apresentou-se uma revisão de literatura.Arteriovenous fistulas for hemodialysis may present long-term complications. Among the least frequent complications, there is the steal syndrome. The authors report the experience of three patients that presented with critical limb ischemia years after the access confection of brachiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas, with little response to clinical treatment. Distal revascularization interval ligation was performed in all cases, with good outcome. Due to small quantity of the cases, we decided to report the experience and review the literature on the subject.