WorldWideScience

Sample records for disabilities act ada

  1. 77 FR 36231 - Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) and Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) Accessibility...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) Accessibility Guidelines; Emergency Transportable Housing Units AGENCY... Disabilities Act (ADA) and Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) Accessibility Guidelines to specifically address... the ADA or ABA are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities. Other...

  2. Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Transportation Vehicles. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-14

    The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board or Board) is issuing a final rule that revises its existing accessibility guidelines for non-rail vehicles--namely, buses, over-the-road buses, and vans--acquired or remanufactured by entities covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act. The revised guidelines ensure that such vehicles are readily accessible to, and usable by, individuals with disabilities. The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) is required to revise its accessibility standards for transportation vehicles acquired or remanufactured by entities covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to be consistent with the final rule.

  3. 75 FR 13457 - Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... on this draft requirement and what other types of content including social media (i.e., YouTube and... & Persons With Disabilities Conference. It will be held at the Manchester Grand Hyatt Hotel, Elizabeth... from the Federal Communications Commission, Social Security Administration, Internal Revenue...

  4. OSHA and ADA: "Reasonable Accommodation" in Training Persons with Developmental Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoz, Charles J.

    This paper documents an approach to meeting the training requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) and the "reasonable accommodation" requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) for individuals with developmental disabilities. It describes a training program used with three adult workers with mild mental…

  5. The Americans with Disabilities Act: A Tool to Combat Poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopels, Sandra

    1995-01-01

    Employment provisions of Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and their use in combating poverty for individuals with disabilities are examined. ADA is viewed as a useful tool for both advocacy and education and can help in understanding and alleviating poverty, oppression, and discrimination. Suggestions for incorporating this…

  6. Judge: don't wait for ADA review to file rehab act claim.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-06-13

    [Name removed] sued the [name removed] of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse ([name removed]) after he was denied reasonable accommodation for his HIV condition and then was terminated. [Name removed] said [name removed] and three top officials violated the two disability rights statutes as well as his constitutional right to equal protection under the 14th Amendment. According to the suit, [name removed] asked to see [name removed]'s policies on reasonable accommodation but was told there were none. Two months later he sought them again, asking permission to work at home and requesting HIV education for staff and management. Soon after these requests, [name removed] received a negative performance evaluation and was fired. [Name removed] filed Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) discrimination charges with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). [Name removed] lost his claims under the Rehabilitation Act because he waited for completion of an administrative review of his allegations under the ADA.

  7. Workplace Accommodations for Persons with Musculoskeletal Disorders. Implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morosky, Frank N.

    This brief paper summarizes requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 related to workplace accommodations for persons with musculo-skeletal disorders. The following topics are addressed: (1) the relevance of the ADA to people with musculo-skeletal disorders; (2) employment provisions of the ADA to protect individuals with…

  8. Communicating the Americans with Disabilities Act. Transcending Compliance: A Case Report on Sears, Roebuck and Co.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanck, Peter David

    This report examines the employment practices of Sears, Roebuck and Company, before and after the implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). By studying the corporate behavior of Sears, which employs an estimated 20,000 people with disabilities, the report attempts to stimulate discussion of the communication issues that Sears…

  9. Critiquing 'disability': the Disability Discrimination Act's interplay with society

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a critique of the legal constitution of disability employed by the Disability Discrimination Act 1995. The concept of disability employed will be evaluated with reference to current social models of disability. These will be employed to evaluate to what extent, if at all, the Act’s definition accords with the contemporary models of disability. The definition of disability will be deconstructed and by reference to both legal and non-legal sources, key fault areas within the...

  10. 76 FR 38134 - Final Priorities; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-Disability...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... Final Priorities; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability...; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability Rehabilitation Research Projects (DRRP)--Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) National Network Regional Centers (formerly the...

  11. Navigating the Rolling Hills of Justice: Mental Disabilities, Employment and the Evolving Jurisprudence of the Americans with Disabilities Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wylonis, Lauren; Wylonis, Nina T; Sadoff, Robert

    2017-03-01

    Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U.S.. Important regulations and laws in the United States that are essential knowledge to performing thorough mental disability evaluations include the ADA and Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA), Social Security Disability, Workers' Compensation, and private disability insurance. These laws differ in applicability and in their definitions of disability. Social Security Disability is applicable to workers who have long-term impairments regardless of whether the disability arose on or off the job, while Worker's Compensation is specific to persons with work-related illness and injuries that occur on the job (Reno, Williams, & Sengupta, ). The Social Security definition of a disabled person is a person who is not "able to engage in any substantial gainful activity because of a medically-determinable physical or mental impairment(s): that is expected to result in death, or that has lasted or is expected to last for a continuous period of at least 12 months" (Social Security Red Book, ). However, the Workers' Compensation definition of what illnesses/injuries are compensated, the level of benefits and who provides the insurance are state-specific. Due to these differences in definition of disability, it is essential for the mental health professional performing a mental disability evaluation to clarify with the referral source or referring agency which legislation and laws they feel are

  12. State Anti-Discrimination Law as a Model For Amending the Americans with Disabilities Act

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Long

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available By now, the rise and fall of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA is a familiar story. The Act was hailed as a revolutionary measure that would bring individuals with disabilities into the mainstream of American life. Instead of relying on outdated notions that defined an individual’s disability solely on the basis of the existence of an impairment or an impairment that prevented the individual from being gainfully employed, the ADA, like its predecessor, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973,3 was to take a functional, civil rights approach to the problem of disability discrimination. With its creation of a three-pronged definition of disability, Congress took notice of the fact that not all actual physical or mental impairments were inherently limiting, and that, in the words of the Supreme Court, “society’s accumulated myths and fears about disability and disease are as handicapping as are the physical limitations that flow from actual impairment.” Thus, the ADA would cover individuals who not only had actual physical or mental impairments that substantially limited major life activities, but also those individuals who had records of such impairments or were regarded as having such impairments.

  13. The Disabilities Act and the hiring process--Life became more complicated

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schlee, D.

    1993-11-01

    The American with Disabilities Act (ADA) has now been in effect for over six months, and the authors are beginning to get a better picture of how this legislation can impact the everyday operations of a propane retailer. This column will examine one of the most common practical issues that an employer faces under the ADA--the hiring of an employee. One word of caution at the outset. He has had significant help from his law firm's Labor Law Group in writing this column. The issues that are presented under the ADA are new and difficult, and they call for careful individual attention. This column is meant only as a general informational guideline, and the best advice is to consult carefully with your attorney regarding how the requirements of the ADA affect the individual situation.

  14. Traumatic brain injury and the Americans with Disabilities Act: implications for the social work profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Portia L; Cecka, Dale Margolin

    2014-07-01

    The practice of social work has been greatly affected by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). Title I of the statute prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities, including the increasing number of workers who are returning to work after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). This article examines the extent to which the ADA protects those with TBI from being harassed, being denied reasonable workplace accommodations, or suffering other adverse actions related to perceived discrimination. To do so, it relies on judicial decisions from U.S. federal courts involving alleged workplace discrimination of this population. Implications for social work practice are noted with the intent of increasing ADA awareness among professionals providing services to people who meet the criteria for disability under the ADA as well as to those persons who do not. The authors hope to encourage social workers to rely on case law analysis as a mechanism to provide further evidence of the systematic problems faced by people with TBI and thus increase their visibility.

  15. The Effect of the American with Disabilities Act on Public Education Expenditures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark P. Gius

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the American with Disabilities Act (ADA of 1990 were enacted in order to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities. These two laws have had a major impact on public schools, their offerings of services and their budgets. The purpose of the present study was to determine if passage of the ADA in 1990 has resulted in a statistically-significant increase in per student public education expenditures at the state level. Although numerous studies have estimated educational cost functions, no prior study has examined the impact of the ADA on per capita educational spending. Results of the present study indicate that the ADA did not have a statistically-significant effect on public educational spending at the state level. Several of the leading drivers of per student educational spending included population density, per capita income and percentage of the state that is over the age of 65, all variables that school administrators and policymakers have little control over. The only two variables that policymakers have control over and that have a significant impact on spending are student-teacher ratios and the overall educational tax rate. Hence, if states want to cut public school spending, the only two avenues open to them are cutting taxes or increasing class sizes.

  16. NRPA Law Review. Combat Karate Class Illustrates ADA "Direct Threat" Exception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlowski, James C.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities, highlighting a lawsuit involving a boy with AIDS who was barred from a traditional combat-oriented martial arts school. Courts ruled that his exclusion did not violate the ADA because he posed significant health and safety risks to…

  17. NRPA Law Review. Combat Karate Class Illustrates ADA "Direct Threat" Exception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlowski, James C.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities, highlighting a lawsuit involving a boy with AIDS who was barred from a traditional combat-oriented martial arts school. Courts ruled that his exclusion did not violate the ADA because he posed significant health and safety risks to…

  18. Beneficence vs. obligation: challenges of the Americans with Disabilities Act for consumer employment in mental health services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, Linda E; Colson, Paul W; Mizzi, Pamela

    2002-04-01

    Involvement of mental health service consumers in the provision of mental health services is a growing model in community mental health. It is, however, a complicated issue, made ever more so by the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act. In this ethnographic case study, we seek to explore the changes one social services agency has made to adjust to the requirements of the ADA and the impact of these changes on their consumer employees. Our results indicate potential for positive progress as a result of the ADA, but also unexpected pitfalls as organizational cultures change as well.

  19. School Issues Under [Section] 504 and the ADA: The Latest and Greatest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Steven R.

    This paper highlights recent guidance and rulings from the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) of interest to administrators, advocates, and attorneys. It is a companion piece to Student Issues on SectionNB504/ADA: The Latest and Greatest. Compliance with SectionNB504 and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) continues to involve debate and dialog on…

  20. School Issues Under [Section] 504 and the ADA: The Latest and Greatest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Steven R.

    This paper highlights recent guidance and rulings from the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) of interest to administrators, advocates, and attorneys. It is a companion piece to Student Issues on SectionNB504/ADA: The Latest and Greatest. Compliance with SectionNB504 and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) continues to involve debate and dialog on…

  1. Disability, Poverty, and Material Hardship since the Passage of the ADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia A. Rivera Drew

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The past 25 years have seen an unprecedented expansion in formal civil rights for people with disabilities that, among other things, was predicted to improve their economic well-being. Studies of economic well-being among people with disabilities have traditionally focused on employment and earnings, despite the fact that a minority of people with disabilities are employed. More recent literature has expanded to include measures of income poverty and material hardship, but has not examined trends in these dimensions of economic well-being over time or across different groups of people with disabilities. The current study uses nationally representative data covering the 1993-2010 period to examine trends over time in cross-sectional and dynamic measures of income poverty, and multiple dimensions of material hardship. It also describes differences in time trends by education, sex, race/ethnicity, and employment status among people with disabilities in income poverty and any material hardship. Levels of both material hardship and income poverty are high across the entire period for all groups, but while material hardship remains at the same level between 1993 and 2010, income poverty declines. These findings show that there has been little improvement over the past two decades in the economic well-being of people with disabilities, and additional research is needed to understand the mechanisms that keep even groups that are relatively privileged — college graduates and full-time, full-year workers — at very low levels of economic well-being.

  2. Americans with Disabilities Act: Its Importance in Special Care Dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surabian, Stanley R

    2016-07-01

    This article focuses on understanding the Americans with Disabilities Act and developmental disabilities for health care providers in special care dentistry. Essential to this awareness is a comprehension of statutory and regulatory requirements and how state disability acts can be more rigorous in application. Developmental disabilities are re-examined in the context of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition). Understanding of intellectual disability, epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder, and cerebral palsy is necessary because the management of oral health considerations for special care patients has become ever more complex and indispensable.

  3. [Understanding disability, a first act of care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quentin, Bertrand

    2012-04-01

    One of the ways of taking care of another person consists in banishing prejudices. With disabled patients, nurses must avoid empathy which would lead them to consider the disability from their personal point of view. Disability obliges caregivers to move away from their usual understanding of the body, sensations, perceptions and imagination. Rather than putting oneself in the place of the disabled person it is a question of understanding the difference.

  4. At Second Glance: Employers and Employees with Learning Disabilities in the Americans with Disabilities Act Era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Lynda A.; Gerber, Paul J.

    2001-01-01

    Previous findings on employer knowledge about learning disabilities were compared to 25 employers from Pennsylvania and Virginia. Findings indicate that employers are continuing to make efforts to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 regulations but have little knowledge or experience with it in terms of learning disabilities.…

  5. Service dogs, psychiatric hospitalization, and the ADA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muramatsu, Russ S; Thomas, Kelly Jones; Leong, Stephanie L; Ragukonis, Frank

    2015-01-01

    A service dog is defined as "any dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability." Some psychiatric patients may depend on a service dog for day-to-day functioning. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) established certain rights and responsibilities for individuals with disabilities and health care providers. Psychiatric hospitalization of a patient with a service dog may pose a problem and involves balancing the requirement to provide safe and appropriate psychiatric care with the rights of individuals with disabilities. This Open Forum examines issues that arise in such circumstances, reviews the literature, and provides a foundation for the development of policies and procedures.

  6. Outdoor education for people with disabilities in United States : administrative policies and legislation for people with disabilities and special education perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    野口, 和行

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review the history of administrative policies and legislation, as it pertains to special education and the outdoor education programs for people with disabilities in United States. It discusses how federal legislation, such as The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) might influence outdoor education practice. The ADA provides basic civil rights protection for individuals with disabilities. It guarantees e...

  7. Outdoor education for people with disabilities in United States : administrative policies and legislation for people with disabilities and special education perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    "野口, 和行"

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review the history of administrative policies and legislation, as it pertains to special education and the outdoor education programs for people with disabilities in United States. It discusses how federal legislation, such as The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) might influence outdoor education practice. The ADA provides basic civil rights protection for individuals with disabilities. It guarantees e...

  8. Attitudes of Nursing Faculty towards Nursing Students with Disabilities: An Integrative Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levey, Janet A.

    2014-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA, 1990) and Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA, 2008) provide students with disabilities access to postsecondary institutions and are applicable to nursing education in all learning environments. Nursing faculty members are charged with admitting, educating, and graduating students, with…

  9. 76 FR 38129 - Applications for New Awards; Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) National Network Knowledge...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ..., demonstration, development, dissemination, utilization, and technical assistance. An applicant for assistance... and time or if the technical problem you experienced is unrelated to the Grants.gov system. Exception... its funded projects through a review of grantee performance and products. Each year, NIDRR examines a...

  10. 75 FR 43747 - Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Transportation Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-26

    ... weight rating of 30,000 pounds or more, and adds a requirement for a forward excursion barrier at rear... accessible transit vehicles,'' 32 Medical Engineering & Physics 230-236 (2010). T303.8.1 simplifies the... direction in large vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 30,000 pounds or more. The design force...

  11. 76 FR 38124 - Applications for New Awards; Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) National Network Regional...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... or for an individual consultation, contact either Lynn Medley or Marlene Spencer as follows: Lynn.... Telephone: (202) 245-7338 or by e-mail: Lynn.Medley@ed.gov . Marlene Spencer, U.S. Department of Education.... Agency Contacts For Further Information Contact: Either Lynn Medley or Marlene Spencer as follows:...

  12. 77 FR 56590 - Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Transportation Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... American Public Transportation Association (APTA) annual meeting in Seattle, WA from 2:15 p.m. to 5:30 p.m..., including those who are not registered to attend the APTA annual meeting. The Access Board is interested...

  13. 77 FR 50068 - Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Transportation Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-20

    ... (APTA) in Seattle, Washington during the first week of October 2012. A notice will be published in the Federal Register announcing the specific date and location of the public information meeting at the...

  14. 75 FR 18781 - Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-13

    ..., seat selection, boarding passes, or ordering food in restaurants and cafeterias. 75 FR 13457 (March 22... ordering food in restaurants and cafeterias. The draft standards and guidelines are available for...

  15. 75 FR 54543 - Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Transportation Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... buses, and vans. 75 FR 43748 (July 26, 2010). The comment period on the proposed rule ends on November... the public hearings are requested to refrain from using perfume, cologne, and other fragrances. To...

  16. Ada COCOMO and the Ada Process Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    language, the use of incremental development, and the use of the Ada process model capitalizing on the strengths of Ada to improve the efficiency of software...development. This paper presents the portions of the revised Ada COCOMO dealing with the effects of Ada and the Ada process model . The remainder of...this section of the paper discusses the objectives of Ada COCOMO. Section 2 describes the Ada Process Model and its overall effects on software

  17. Hydraulic Capacity of an ADA Compliant Street Drain Grate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lottes, Steven A. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Bojanowski, Cezary [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2015-09-01

    Resurfacing of urban roads with concurrent repairs and replacement of sections of curb and sidewalk may require pedestrian ramps that are compliant with the American Disabilities Act (ADA), and when street drains are in close proximity to the walkway, ADA compliant street grates may also be required. The Minnesota Department of Transportation ADA Operations Unit identified a foundry with an available grate that meets ADA requirements. Argonne National Laboratory’s Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center used full scale three dimensional computational fluid dynamics to determine the performance of the ADA compliant grate and compared it to that of a standard vane grate. Analysis of a parametric set of cases was carried out, including variation in longitudinal, gutter, and cross street slopes and the water spread from the curb. The performance of the grates was characterized by the fraction of the total volume flow approaching the grate from the upstream that was captured by the grate and diverted into the catch basin. The fraction of the total flow entering over the grate from the side and the fraction of flow directly over a grate diverted into the catch basin were also quantities of interest that aid in understanding the differences in performance of the grates. The ADA compliant grate performance lagged that of the vane grate, increasingly so as upstream Reynolds number increased. The major factor leading to the performance difference between the two grates was the fraction of flow directly over the grates that is captured by the grates.

  18. 49 CFR 37.125 - ADA paratransit eligibility: Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ADA paratransit eligibility: Process. 37.125... INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES (ADA) Paratransit as a Complement to Fixed Route Service § 37.125 ADA paratransit eligibility: Process. Each public entity required to provide complementary paratransit service...

  19. 49 CFR 37.123 - ADA paratransit eligibility: Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ADA paratransit eligibility: Standards. 37.123... INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES (ADA) Paratransit as a Complement to Fixed Route Service § 37.123 ADA paratransit eligibility: Standards. (a) Public entities required by § 37.121 of this subpart to...

  20. Autism Spectrum Disorder, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, and Case Law: Who Really Wins?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Doris Adams; Hill, Stephanie J.

    2012-01-01

    The authors examined 62 court cases occurring in 2009 from the LexisNexis database regarding students, ages 3-21 years, with various forms of autism spectrum disorder and violations to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. They analyzed procedural and substantive violations to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the…

  1. [Disability as a restriction on social participation: challenges in evaluation since the Brazilian Inclusion of People with Disabilities Act].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Wederson

    2016-10-01

    This article discusses the main advances and challenges for understanding and evaluating disability as a restriction for social participation. This new understanding has its origins in the 2006 WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health - ICF, the 2001 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and more recently, the July 2015 Brazilian Inclusion of People with Disabilities Act (IPDA), also known as the Statute on Persons with Disabilities. The change in the understanding of disability from a merely biomedical perspective, to an understanding that is based on oppression and social inequality reinforces the idea that disability is not an individual attribute, but the result of a society that is not prepared for human diversity. Based on a legislative analysis of the many documents on policies regarding persons with disabilities, notably the IPDA and the evaluations of disability that the ICF already uses in Brazil, the main contention proposed is that classifying and valuing disability is challenging for professional evaluators as well as for Brazilian public policy. This is mainly due to the challenges of recognizing the barriers and environmental factors that hamper the full participation in society of people with disabilities.

  2. Equal Protection of the Law: The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities Act, 2014, Bahamas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernadette Bain

    2016-10-01

    This analysis of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities Act, 2014, examines the nature and scope of equal rights and whether the Act provides adequate enforcement. The aim of the provisions is to restrict discrimination against persons with disabilities by providing opportunities on an equal basis and to require persons having dealings with the disabled to accommodate their needs. It is questionable whether the Act fulfils its purpose and whether penalties for failure to comply with the Act are adequate, as there is a lacuna or gap in the law, which hinders purposeful rights.

  3. Teaching Students with Disabilities: A Review of Music Education Research as It Relates to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Sara K.

    2015-01-01

    This article explores trends in research since the 1975 passage of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (now known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), notes gaps in the literature, and offers suggestions for future directions music education researchers could take in exploring the needs and experiences of music teachers…

  4. Disability Documentation, the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act, and the Summary of Performance: How Are They Linked?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Stan F.; Keenan, Walter R.; Madaus, Joseph W.; Banerjee, Manju

    2010-01-01

    Disability documentation has been an ongoing challenge for Office for Students with Disabilities personnel. Initial lack of consistency and inadequate documentation data resulted in the promulgation of detailed documentation guidelines in the 1990s. Discontinuity between approaches to transition assessment and disability documentation in secondary…

  5. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: An Overview. CRS Report for Congress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Steven R.

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) authorizes several programs to support and improve the education of children with disabilities. The grants to States, preschool, and infants and toddlers programs are formula grant programs that fund special education services. The discretionary grant programs fund research, demonstrations,…

  6. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: An Overview. CRS Report for Congress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Steven R.

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) authorizes several programs to support and improve the education of children with disabilities. The grants to States, preschool, and infants and toddlers programs are formula grant programs that fund special education services. The discretionary grant programs fund research, demonstrations,…

  7. The Least Restrictive Environment Clause of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and Institutional Ableism: A Critical Discourse Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Laughlin, Laura C.

    2013-01-01

    This study focused on terms anchored in special education and associated stigma of disability in schools. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ensured the right to education in US public school systems for students with disabilities. An associated term asserted that children with disabilities must be educated in the least restrictive…

  8. The Least Restrictive Environment Clause of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and Institutional Ableism: A Critical Discourse Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Laughlin, Laura C.

    2013-01-01

    This study focused on terms anchored in special education and associated stigma of disability in schools. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ensured the right to education in US public school systems for students with disabilities. An associated term asserted that children with disabilities must be educated in the least restrictive…

  9. The Care Manager's Dilemma: Balancing Human Rights with Risk Management under the Intellectual Disability (Compulsory Care and Rehabilitation) Act 2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prebble, Kate; Diesfeld, Kate; Frey, Rosemary; Sutton, Daniel; Honey, Michelle; Vickery, Russell; McKenna, Brian

    2013-01-01

    In New Zealand, the Intellectual Disability (Compulsory Care and Rehabilitation) Act 2003 provides diversion for persons with an intellectual disability who have been charged with, or convicted of, a criminal offence. This unique Act moves the responsibility for such "care recipients" from the criminal justice system to a disability sector that…

  10. 3 CFR 8398 - Proclamation 8398 of July 24, 2009. Anniversary of the Americans With Disabilities Act, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... disabilities are denied a world-class education. My Administration has met these challenges head-on. We have... nearly doubled the funding for the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. I was proud to sign the... the Americans With Disabilities Act, 2009 8398 Proclamation 8398 Presidential Documents...

  11. 78 FR 41824 - Enhanced Mobility for Seniors and Individuals With Disabilities: Proposed Circular

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-11

    ... review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement published in the Federal Register on April 11, 2000 (65 FR... and decrease reliance by people with disabilities on complementary paratransit.'' The objective of... service and decrease reliance by individuals with disabilities on ADA complementary paratransit...

  12. 77 FR 16163 - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability by Public Accommodations and in Commercial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    ... Parts 35 and 36 RIN 1190-AA68 Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability by Public Accommodations and in Commercial Facilities; Swimming Pools AGENCY: Civil Rights Division, Department of Justice. ACTION... certain requirements in the 2010 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Standards for Accessible...

  13. National Council on Disability. Annual Report, Volume 15. Fiscal Year 1994.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Council on Disability, Washington, DC.

    This annual report describes major activities of the National Council on Disability (NCD) for Fiscal Year 1994. Activities included: conducted a summit meeting on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA); held health care reform town meetings; communicated with the Health Care Financing Administration concerning reimbursement of medical…

  14. US: Supreme Court adopts narrow definition of "disability" under anti-discrimination law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Richard

    2002-03-01

    In January 2002, the US Supreme Court issued the latest in a series of court judgments adopting a narrow interpretation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The unanimous decision is fundamentally flawed in several important respects. It does not bode well for people with disabilities seeking protection from discrimination in employment.

  15. Ada & the Analytical Engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Elisabeth

    1996-01-01

    Presents a brief history of Ada Byron King, Countess of Lovelace, focusing on her primary role in the development of the Analytical Engine--the world's first computer. Describes the Ada Project (TAP), a centralized World Wide Web site that serves as a clearinghouse for information related to women in computing, and provides a Web address for…

  16. 35th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The 35th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2013 describes the nation's progress in (1) providing a free appropriate public education (FAPE) for all children with disabilities, (2) ensuring that the rights of children with disabilities and their parents are protected, (3)…

  17. 34th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The 34th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2012 describes our nation's progress in: (1) providing a free appropriate public education (FAPE) for all children with disabilities; (2) ensuring that the rights of children with disabilities and their parents are protected;…

  18. 30th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This is the 30th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 2008. Section 664(d) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), as reauthorized in 2004, requires that the Department of Education report annually on the progress made toward the provision of a free appropriate…

  19. 36th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This is the 36th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2014. Section 664(d) of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act" ("IDEA") (P.L. 108-446), as reauthorized in 2004, requires that the Department of Education report annually on the progress…

  20. Administrative Challenge or Ethical Dilemma? Responding Justly when a Student with a Disability Engages in a Violent or Disruptive Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faircloth, Susan C.; Ritter, Suzanne T.; Wilson, Felicia R.

    2007-01-01

    This case study involves an 8-year-old American Indian student with a disability, who was videotaped assaulting another student as they exited the school bus. Although acts of school violence are common on campuses across the nation, this incident is particularly complex, given the disability status of the student committing this act. This case…

  1. 32nd Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This is the 32nd Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 2010. Section 664(d) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) (P.L. 108-446), as reauthorized in 2004, requires that the Department of Education report annually on the progress made toward the provision of a free…

  2. 33rd Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This is the 33rd Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2011. Section 664(d) of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act" ("IDEA"), as reauthorized in 2004, requires that the Department of Education report annually on the progress made toward the…

  3. 27 CFR 478.144 - Relief from disabilities under the Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... competency, to be no longer suffering from a mental disorder, and to have had all rights restored. (f) Upon... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Relief from disabilities under the Act. 478.144 Section 478.144 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF...

  4. Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 Noncompliance Determination Complaints in Commonwealth States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Marla F.

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation examined the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA, 2004) noncompliance complaints filed against school districts in commonwealth states with noncompliance determinations. To achieve the intent of this study, a content analysis of IDEA noncompliance determinations made by the participating state…

  5. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Public School Application of Providing FAPE in the Least Restrictive Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teal, Christi B.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how courts deal with issues related to the broad definition of free appropriate public education (FAPE) as it pertains to the least restrictive environment (LRE) for the provision of special education services as legislated though the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The Supreme Court…

  6. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Reauthorization Overview. CRS Report for Congress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Steven R.

    This report provides a review of programs authorized under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and an overview of potential reauthorization issues, as the second session of the 103rd Congress considers revisions to these programs. The Infants and Toddlers Program (Part H of IDEA) provides formula grants to participating States…

  7. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act's Early Childhood Programs: Powerful Vision and Pesky Details

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hebbeler, Kathleen; Spiker, Donna; Kahn, Lynne

    2012-01-01

    National policy affects local practice in a variety of ways and through a variety of mechanisms. In this article, the authors examine what has been learned from Individuals With Disabilities Education Act's (IDEA) two early childhood (EC) programs about the power and limitations of policy as a lever to improve the lives of young children.…

  8. Beyond the Law: A Review of Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceptions in ADA Employment Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Gould

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA, 1990 is the cornerstone of civil rights policy for people with disabilities. Although enforced through the justice system, the legacy of the ADA transcends well beyond its legal ramifications. The policy’s framework and the rhetoric of Disability Rights suggest both an embrace of the spirit and the letter of the law, or promulgating both legislative and cultural change to ensure that the rights of people with disabilities are met.  In attempting to understand how and if such change has happened, researchers have gathered extensive evidence since 1990.  Much of this research evidence, however, remains fragmented, under-utilized, and at times inconclusive.  This article presents the results of a rapid evidence review of a sample of such research that is crucial to understand the ADA’s progress.  The study examines evidence about the ADA’s influence on knowledge, attitudes and perceptions about employment of people with disabilities. The research illustrates the importance of moving beyond the law to incorporate changes in knowledge about the law, perceptions of employability, and workplace culture.

  9. The Interactive ADA Workstation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-01

    3. Masking Union with Ada Homograph Definition 46 Figure 5-4. Direct Environment Computation with Masking Unions 50 Figure 5-5. Full Ada Body Direct...as a homograph test in Ada) that determines if two ele- ments are "indistinguishable" according to some criteria, the following rules determine...membership in a masking union: A member of the dominant set is a member of the masking union if and only if it has no homograph in the dominant set. In other

  10. Ada Test and Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    Lady Lovelace , the daughter of the poet, Lord Byron. Ada was Charles Babbage’s programmer, Babbage being the inventor of the first mechanical...34 O-07 0 ARFOCERIGTAEOAUIAL LABS RIGHTPATTERSON AFB OH F/G 9/2 ADA TEST AND EVALUATION.(U) MAY BO A J SCARPELLI UNCLASSIFIED AFWAL-TR-BO-1024 NL E...llEllllEIlE III HA i28 5__ BIH~~ ~ 2 __I.,11 LZ AFAL-TR-80-1024 Ada TEST AND EVALUATION Alfred J. Scarpelli System Technology Branch Systen Avionics

  11. Software engineering capability for Ada (GRASP/Ada Tool)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, James H., II

    1995-01-01

    The GRASP/Ada project (Graphical Representations of Algorithms, Structures, and Processes for Ada) has successfully created and prototyped a new algorithmic level graphical representation for Ada software, the Control Structure Diagram (CSD). The primary impetus for creation of the CSD was to improve the comprehension efficiency of Ada software and, as a result, improve reliability and reduce costs. The emphasis has been on the automatic generation of the CSD from Ada PDL or source code to support reverse engineering and maintenance. The CSD has the potential to replace traditional prettyprinted Ada Source code. A new Motif compliant graphical user interface has been developed for the GRASP/Ada prototype.

  12. Affordable Care Act Provision Had Similar, Positive Impacts For Young Adults With And Without Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porterfield, Shirley L; Huang, Jin

    2016-05-01

    Beginning in 2010 the Affordable Care Act (ACA) allowed young adults (ages 19-25) to remain on their parents' private health insurance plans, even if they were not full-time students. This study investigated the impact of the ACA on health insurance coverage for young adults with disabilities, comparing their experience with that of young adults without disabilities and that of a group of older adults (ages 26-34) with disabilities. We analyzed the periods 2006-09 and 2011-14, which were before and after implementation of the dependent coverage provision in the ACA, respectively. Coverage gains for older adults with disabilities were entirely attributable to changes in public insurance. Gains for young adults overall were driven by changes in private insurance. Both young adults with and without disabilities experienced a 4-percentage-point increase in private health insurance coverage between the two time periods, so the gap in private coverage between the two groups did not change significantly over time. Gains in coverage affected perhaps 2.9 million young adults overall and nearly 300,000 young adults with disabilities.

  13. The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for Children With Special Educational Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipkin, Paul H; Okamoto, Jeffrey

    2015-12-01

    The pediatric health care provider has a critical role in supporting the health and well-being of children and adolescents in all settings, including early intervention (EI), preschool, and school environments. It is estimated that 15% of children in the United States have a disability. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act entitles every affected child in the United States from infancy to young adulthood to a free appropriate public education through EI and special education services. These services bolster development and learning of children with various disabilities. This clinical report provides the pediatric health care provider with a summary of key components of the most recent version of this law. Guidance is also provided to ensure that every child in need receives the EI and special education services to which he or she is entitled.

  14. Library services for people with disabilities: results of a survey.

    OpenAIRE

    Nelson, P P

    1996-01-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), enacted in 1990, has had a significant impact on the way many institutions, including libraries, do business. The Association of Research Libraries surveyed its members in 1991 to determine the effect of this legislation, and the author conducted a similar survey in 1995 to learn what progress academic health sciences libraries have made in serving the needs of people with disablities. A questionnaire was mailed to 131 members of the Association of A...

  15. State ICC Overview: Policies, Programs, and Practices of State Interagency Coordinating Councils under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shackelford, Jo, Ed.

    This document presents general information about State Interagency Coordinating Councils (SICCs) which participate in the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities (formerly Part H Program, now Part C) under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The information was gathered from questionnaires returned…

  16. 77 FR 60170 - Americans With Disabilities Act: Proposed Circular Chapter, Vehicle Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... published in the Federal Register on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477). Docket: For access to the docket to read..., commuter, and light rail); ADA complementary paratransit; general public demand responsive service; and... construction and alteration, fixed route bus and rail service, ADA complementary paratransit (eligibility...

  17. A LISP-Ada connection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaworski, Allan; Lavallee, David; Zoch, David

    1987-01-01

    The prototype demonstrates the feasibility of using Ada for expert systems and the implementation of an expert-friendly interface which supports knowledge entry. In the Ford LISP-Ada Connection (FLAC) system LISP and Ada are used in ways which complement their respective capabilities. Future investigation will concentrate on the enhancement of the expert knowledge entry/debugging interface and on the issues associated with multitasking and real-time expert systems implementation in Ada.

  18. Ada Implementation Guide. Software Engineering With Ada. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-04-01

    international standard LADY-LOV 11/25/91 10240 Article on life of Ada Lovelace by Carol L. James and Duncan E. Morrill with note on the naming of the Ada ...A aa a- S I !/ A -- I Volume II I I! I Ii Ada Implementation GuideI Software Engineering With Ada I DTIC QUALn1T :1 1 ’. I April 1994 *ýS94-18856 JJ...A-13 A.1 Government Sources ...................................... A-1 A.1.1 Organizations .................................... A-2 Ada

  19. Benchmark Lisp And Ada Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Gloria; Galant, David; Lim, Raymond; Stutz, John; Gibson, J.; Raghavan, B.; Cheesema, P.; Taylor, W.

    1992-01-01

    Suite of nonparallel benchmark programs, ELAPSE, designed for three tests: comparing efficiency of computer processing via Lisp vs. Ada; comparing efficiencies of several computers processing via Lisp; or comparing several computers processing via Ada. Tests efficiency which computer executes routines in each language. Available for computer equipped with validated Ada compiler and/or Common Lisp system.

  20. Effective Municipal Emergency Planning for People With Disabilities and Others With Access and Functional Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ADA Americans with Disabilities Act AFN Access and Functional Needs CEMA California Emergency Management...Needs Support Services (“FNSS”), planning against risks identified in the City.”46 Additionally, the California Emergency Management Agency ( CEMA

  1. The AdaBoost Flow

    OpenAIRE

    Lykov, A.; Muzychka, S.; Vaninsky, K.

    2011-01-01

    We introduce a dynamical system which we call the AdaBoost flow. The flow is defined by a system of ODEs with control. We show that three algorithms of the AdaBoost family (i) the AdaBoost algorithm of Schapire and Freund (ii) the arc-gv algorithm of Breiman (iii) the confidence rated prediction of Schapire and Singer can be can be embedded in the AdaBoost flow. The nontrivial part of the AdaBoost flow equations coincides with the equations of dynamics of nonperiodic Toda system written in te...

  2. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: NYU Ada/ED, Version 19.7 V-001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-04-11

    ETs4~4 B37201A.ADA P SCz28 CTx7O ECal3 B37202A.ADA P SC.=44 CT263 ECaig B37202B. ADA P SCz ? CTz8 ECzl B37203A.ADA P SCz14I CTxl9 ECx6 aB3720IA-AB.ADA P...SCx27 CT=61 LT z12. 8 £7.49C52005C.ADA P SCz17 C7.37 LTx11.0 £Tx48 C52005D.ADA P SCz -53 CTz107 1.7.15.7 E7.76 C52005E.ADA P Scx39 C7.87 1.7.13.5 £7.52...SCa? C7.21 ECal B55AOlD-AB.ADk P SCx ? C7.13 M~al D55A01£-AB.ADA P SC.? CTwl7 ECal B55AOlF-AB.ADA P SCull CTx12 ECal B55A01G-AB.ADA P SCull C~zl6 ECal

  3. ADA APA DENGAN MENOPAUSE ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuryati Atamimi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Sebagai konselor yang menaruh minat pada berbagai masalah perkawinan, kondisi psikologis isteri yang akan, sedang ataupun setelah mengalami menopause menempati prosentase yang cukup banyak memberikan kontribusi bagi timbulnya masalah dari keseluruhan masalah yang dihadapi . Rasa cemas, tidak berdaya, sedih, cemburu, marah, dan berbagai perasaan tidak nyaman muncul pada usia itu dan biasanya selalu disertai dengan berbagai keluhan fisik seperti rematik, jantung berdebar, lemas, pusing, bermasalah dengan tekanan darah, gula darah, kolesterol, asam urat dan lain-lain. Mengapa hal ini terjadi, ada apa dengan menopause?

  4. Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... unable, and it isn't a sickness. Most people with disabilities can - and do - work, play, learn, and enjoy ... five people in the United States has a disability. Some people are born with one. Others have them as ...

  5. Representations of the Americans with Disabilities Act Employment-Related Issues in the Wall Street Journal (1990-2008): A Feasibility Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soffer, Michal; Rimmerman, Arie

    2012-01-01

    This feasibility study examines the coverage of employment-related issues related to people with disabilities in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The study is a first in a series of future studies focusing on disability issues in the international economic media. A survey of 39 newspaper articles published in the "Wall Street…

  6. Representations of the Americans with Disabilities Act Employment-Related Issues in the Wall Street Journal (1990-2008): A Feasibility Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soffer, Michal; Rimmerman, Arie

    2012-01-01

    This feasibility study examines the coverage of employment-related issues related to people with disabilities in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The study is a first in a series of future studies focusing on disability issues in the international economic media. A survey of 39 newspaper articles published in the "Wall Street…

  7. ARE: Ada Rendering Engine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Penge

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available E' ormai pratica diffusa, nello sviluppo di applicazioni web, l'utilizzo di template e di potenti template engine per automatizzare la generazione dei contenuti da presentare all'utente. Tuttavia a volte la potenza di tali engine è€ ottenuta mescolando logica e interfaccia, introducendo linguaggi diversi da quelli di descrizione della pagina, o addirittura inventando nuovi linguaggi dedicati.ARE (ADA Rendering Engine è€ pensato per gestire l'intero flusso di creazione del contenuto HTML/XHTML dinamico, la selezione del corretto template, CSS, JavaScript e la produzione dell'output separando completamente logica e interfaccia. I templates utilizzati sono puro HTML senza parti in altri linguaggi, e possono quindi essere gestiti e visualizzati autonomamente. Il codice HTML generato è€ uniforme e parametrizzato.E' composto da due moduli, CORE (Common Output Rendering Engine e ALE (ADA Layout Engine.Il primo (CORE viene utilizzato per la generazione OO degli elementi del DOM ed è pensato per aiutare lo sviluppatore nella produzione di codice valido rispetto al DTD utilizzato. CORE genera automaticamente gli elementi del DOM in base al DTD impostato nella configurazioneIl secondo (ALE viene utilizzato come template engine per selezionare automaticamente in base ad alcuni parametri (modulo, profilo utente, tipologia del nodo, del corso, preferenze di installazione il template HTML, i CSS e i file JavaScript appropriati. ALE permette di usare templates di default e microtemplates ricorsivi per semplificare il lavoro del grafico.I due moduli possono in ogni caso essere utilizzati indipendentemente l'uno dall'altro. E' possibile generare e renderizzare una pagina HTML utilizzando solo CORE oppure inviare gli oggetti CORE al template engine ALE che provvede a renderizzare la pagina HTML. Viceversa è possibile generare HTML senza utilizzare CORE ed inviarlo al template engine ALECORE è alla prima release ed è€ già utilizzato all

  8. Ada for multi-microprocessors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tedd, M.; Crespi-Reghizzi, S.; Natali, A.

    1984-01-01

    This book presents papers on the use of the Ada programming language in array processors. Topics considered include distributed data processing, examples of distributed systems, requirements for the programming language and tools, the suitability of Ada and Apse, strategies for developing distributed systems, the construction system, reliability and extensibility, and the MML programming language.

  9. The AdaBoost Flow

    CERN Document Server

    Lykov, A; Vaninsky, K

    2011-01-01

    We introduce a dynamical system which we call the AdaBoost flow. The flow is defined by a system of ODEs with control. We show how by a suitable choice of control AdaBoost algorithm of Schapire and Freund and arc-gv algorithm of Breiman can be embedded in the AdaBoost flow. We also show how previously studied by Schapire and Singer confidence rated prediction can be obtained from our continuous time approach. We introduce a new continuous time algorithm which we call superBoost and describe its properties. The AdaBoost flow equations coincide with the equations of dynamics of the nonperiodic Toda system written in terms of spectral variables. This establishes a connection between two seemingly unrelated fields of boosting algorithms and classical integrable models. Finally we explain similarity of the AdaBoost flow with Perelman's ideas to control Ricci flow.

  10. 29th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2007. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The "29th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 2007" focuses on key state performance data in accordance with recommendations of the President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education. Volume 1 focuses on the children and students being served under "IDEA"…

  11. 29th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2007. Volume 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The "29th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 2007" follows the 2006--i.e., the 28th annual report--in sequence. The "29th Annual Report to Congress" is, however, the first to have three volumes. In the 28th and previous editions, volume 2 consisted of data tables…

  12. 29th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2007. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The "29th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 2007" follows the 2006--i.e., the 28th annual report--in sequence. The "29th Annual Report to Congress" is, however, the first to have three volumes. In the 28th and earlier editions, volume 2 consisted of data tables…

  13. Bragdon vs Abbott: US Supreme Court set to re-examine HIV as a disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuniga, J

    1998-05-01

    Changing perceptions about HIV/AIDS has resulted in advances in public policy and law, particularly involving the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). The changing perceptions are helping to erase the fear of discrimination among HIV-infected people and allowing them to seek testing. A dentist's refusal to treat an HIV-positive patient has brought litigation to the U.S. Supreme Court to decide on the ADA's definition of being disabled. The amici curiae brief filed before the Court brought warnings from 10 national organizations and 6 perceived leaders in the medical, dental, nursing, and public health fields on the consequences of eroding current protections against HIV discrimination. A ruling that the ADA does not cover all persons with HIV infection would undermine the nation's fight against the epidemic and would likely result in suffering and loss of lives.

  14. Dress codes and appearance policies: challenges under federal legislation, part 3: Title VII, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the National Labor Relations Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Michael S; Koen, Clifford M; Darden, Stephen M

    2014-01-01

    As more and more individuals express themselves with tattoos and body piercings and push the envelope on what is deemed appropriate in the workplace, employers have an increased need for creation and enforcement of reasonable dress codes and appearance policies. As with any employment policy or practice, an appearance policy must be implemented and enforced without regard to an individual's race, color, sex, national origin, religion, disability, age, or any other protected status. A policy governing dress and appearance based on the business needs of an employer that is applied fairly and consistently and does not have a disproportionate effect on any protected class will generally be upheld if challenged in court. By examining some of the more common legal challenges to dress codes and how courts have resolved the disputes, health care managers can avoid many potential problems. This article, the third part of a 3-part examination of dress codes and appearance policies, focuses on the issues of race and national origin under the Civil Rights Act, disability under the Americans With Disabilities Act, and employees' rights to engage in concerted activities under the National Labor Relations Act. Pertinent court cases that provide guidance for employers are addressed.

  15. Ada Linear-Algebra Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klumpp, A. R.; Lawson, C. L.

    1988-01-01

    Routines provided for common scalar, vector, matrix, and quaternion operations. Computer program extends Ada programming language to include linear-algebra capabilities similar to HAS/S programming language. Designed for such avionics applications as software for Space Station.

  16. Ada Linear-Algebra Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klumpp, A. R.; Lawson, C. L.

    1988-01-01

    Routines provided for common scalar, vector, matrix, and quaternion operations. Computer program extends Ada programming language to include linear-algebra capabilities similar to HAS/S programming language. Designed for such avionics applications as software for Space Station.

  17. Workplace discrimination and autism spectrum disorders: The National EEOC Americans with Disabilities Act Research project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Wieren, Todd A; Reid, Christine A; McMahon, Brian T

    2008-01-01

    Using the Integrated Mission System of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the employment discrimination experience of Americans with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is documented for Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act. The researchers examine demographic characteristics of the charging parties; the industry designation, location, and size of employers against whom complaints are filed; the nature of discrimination (i.e., type of complaint) alleged to occur; and the legal outcome or resolution of these complaints. Researchers compare and contrast these key dimensions of workplace discrimination involving individuals with ASDs and persons with other physical, sensory, and neurological impairments. Researchers also attempt to discern whether or not the resolutions of the ASD charges can be predicted using the variables available for analysis. The comparative findings of this study indicate that individuals with ASDs were more likely to make charges of discrimination against Retail industry employers. Persons with ASDs were also more likely to make charges of discrimination when they were younger, male, and/or of Native American/Alaskan Native ethnicity. The predictive findings of this study indicate that the odds of ASD charges resulting in meritorious resolution (i.e., discrimination determined by the EEOC to have occurred) increase when the discrimination was encountered in Service industries and by larger employers. Implications for policy, advocacy and further research efforts are addressed.

  18. Paranoia.Ada: Sample output reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Paranoia.Ada is a program to diagnose floating point arithmetic in the context of the Ada programming language. The program evaluates the quality of a floating point arithmetic implementation with respect to the proposed IEEE Standards P754 and P854. Paranoia.Ada is derived from the original BASIC programming language version of Paranoia. The Paranoia.Ada replicates in Ada the test algorithms originally implemented in BASIC and adheres to the evaluation criteria established by W. M. Kahan. Paranoia.Ada incorporates a major structural redesign and employs applicable Ada architectural and stylistic features.

  19. Challenges of organizational learning: perpetuation of discrimination against employees with disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wooten, Lynn Perry; James, Erika Hayes

    2005-01-01

    This article examines why organizations struggle with learning how to prevent discrimination against their employees with disabilities. To explore this issue, qualitative archival data were collected and analyzed from 53 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) lawsuits filed against 44 organizations. Theoretical analysis of the qualitative data suggests that several organizationally based learning theories explain the difficulty organizations have with creating a disability-friendly work environment. These barriers to learning are embedded in complex defense mechanisms and discriminatory organizational routines. Furthermore, organizations have difficulties engaging in higher-order and vicarious learning. We conclude the article with examples of successful learning practices as they relate to barriers identified in the qualitative analysis.

  20. Ada Implementation Guide. Software Engineering With Ada. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-04-01

    teaching, the student is less likely to readily adopt new, more powerful ways of accomplishing old tasks 122 Depatn of the NaY I ! Trablng and Educaion and...Maturity Model3 (CMU/SEI-92-TR-25, ESC-TR-/92-0M5). Pittsburgh, PA : Carnegie-Mellon University, 1992. SBoehm. B.W. Software Engineering Economics...Pittsburgh, PA : Carnegie-Mellon University, 19-21 March 1991. £ Contrast: Ada 9X and C++, Schonberg, E. New York University, 1992 (Distributed by Ada IC on

  1. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: ROLM Ada Compiler, Version 4.42 V-002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-05-12

    EC =3 CB3003A-B.ADA P SC =64 CB3004A.ADA P SCz 52 BB3005A.ADA P SC= 4 EC z2 CB4001A..ADA P SC 60 C84002A.ADA P SCx 50 C34003A-AB.AOA P SC =35...a class B test is indicated by EC. The results for each test file were as follows: B22001A.TST PS SC : 26 EC s 8 B22001B.TST PS SCx 8 EC- 3...A29002F-B.ADA P -Sc z1Il A29002G-B.ADA P SC z88 A29002I-.B.ADA P SC = 63 A29002I-8B.ADA P SC= 95 A29002J-B.ADA P SC 81 D29002K-B.ADA P SCz 766 *B32103A

  2. The Utility of Ada for Army Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-10

    34 Ada " for Ada Lovelace (1815-1851), a mathematician who worked with Charles Babbage on his difference and analytic engines.9 Later in 1979, the HOLWG...OF ADA FOR ARMY MODELING BY COLONEL MICHAEL L. YOCOM DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for publie releases distribution is unlimited. 1% LF-, EC TE...TITLE (ad Subtitle) a. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED The Utility of Ada for Army Modeling Individual Study Project 6 PERFORMING ORG. REPORT NUMBER

  3. Modeling of functional trunk muscle performance: interfacing ergonomics and spine rehabilitation in response to the ADA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalaf, K A; Parnianpour, M; Sparto, P J; Simon, S R

    1997-10-01

    The combination of increasing costs of musculoskeletal injuries and the implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) has created the need for a more objective functional understanding of dynamic trunk performance. In this study, trunk extensor and flexor strengths were measured as a function of angular position and velocity for 20 subjects performing maximum isometric and isokinetic exertions. Results indicate that trunk strength is significantly influenced by trunk angular position, trunk angular velocity, gender, and direction, as well as by the interaction between trunk angular position and velocity. Three-dimensional surfaces of trunk strength in response to trunk angular position and velocity were constructed for each subject per direction. Such data presentation is more accurate and gives better insight about the strength profile of an individual than does the traditional use of a single strength value. The joint strength capacity profiles may be combined with joint torque requirements from a manual material handling task, such as a lifting task, to compute the dynamic utilization ratio for the trunk muscles. This ratio can be used as a unified measure of both task demand and functional capacity to guide job assignment, return to work, and prognosis during the rehabilitation processes. Furthermore, the strength regressions developed in this study would provide dynamic strength limits that can be used as functional constraints in the computer simulation of physical activities, such as lifting. In light of the ADA, this would be of great value in predicting the consequences of task modifications and/or workstation alterations without subjecting an injured worker or an individual with a disability to unnecessary testing.

  4. The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA): What It Means for Students With Disabilities and Music Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrow, Alice-Ann

    2016-01-01

    On December 10, 2015, President Obama signed the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) (P.L. 114-95), legislation which reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, and replaces the widely criticized No Child Left Behind Act. After various versions were offered, rejected, or revised, the ESSA ultimately passed both chambers of…

  5. 76 FR 45163 - Anniversary of the Americans With Disabilities Act, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    .... Broad implementation would mean greater protections and benefits abroad for millions of Americans with disabilities, including our veterans, who travel, conduct business, study, reside, or retire overseas. In... to the benefit of American companies, who already meet high standards under United States domestic...

  6. 77 FR 45235 - Anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-31

    ... breadth of our economy, but also by how far we reach toward fully realizing the fundamental rights, protections, and freedoms afforded to each of us by our Nation's founding documents. For generations, many... people with disabilities could participate in our society, contribute to our economy, or support their...

  7. 78 FR 46243 - Anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ... country suffers when our citizens are denied the chance to strengthen our economy, support their families... our economy. To get those jobs, students with disabilities need an education system that works for.... Together, we have come a long way toward ensuring equal opportunity for all. On this anniversary, let us...

  8. JOVIAL/Ada Microprocessor Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-01

    Technical Report Kernighan , B., and Mashey, J., "The UNIX Programing Environment", Computer 14:4, April 1981, pp. 12-24. Kildall, G., "A Unified Approach to...UCSD is a trademark of the Regents of the University of California) UNIX An operating system ( UNIX is a trademark of Bell Laboratories) VAX A...version of UNIX . An eight-user system costs about $30,000. 19 JOVIAL/Ada Microprocessor Study Final Technical Report Another Z8000-based system is the

  9. A Comparison of Ada 83 and C++

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    developing large, complex, software systems with long lifetimes. Those interviewed for this study who are familiar with both Ada and C++ believe that Ada is...with those who are familiar with both languages, there was a clear preference for using Ada for large complex systems with long lifetimes. These...University, December 1990 Additions by Nelson H. Weiderman, June 1991. Chile Empresa Nacional de Aeronautica (ENAER), real-time avionics system, Data

  10. Disability, disparate impact, and class actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Michael Ashley; Waterstone, Michael E

    2006-12-01

    Following Title VII's enactment, group-based employment discrimination actions flourished due to disparate impact theory and the class action device. Courts recognized that subordination that defined a group's social identity was also sufficient legally to bind members together, even when relief had to be issued individually. Woven through these cases was a notion of panethnicity that united inherently unrelated groups into a common identity, for example, Asian Americans. Stringent judicial interpretation subsequently eroded both legal frameworks and it has become increasingly difficult to assert collective employment actions, even against discriminatory practices affecting an entire group. This deconstruction has immensely disadvantaged persons with disabilities. Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), individual employee claims to accommodate specific impairments, such as whether to install ramps or replace computer screens, have all but eclipsed a coherent theory of disability-based disparate impact law. Moreover, the class action device has been virtually nonexistent in disability discrimination employment cases. The absence of collective action has been especially harmful because the realm of the workplace is precisely where group-based remedies are needed most. Specifically, a crucial but overlooked issue in disability integration is the harder-to-reach embedded norms that require job and policy modifications. The Article argues that pandisability theory serves as an analogue to earlier notions of panethnicity and provides an equally compelling heuristic for determining class identity. It shows that pandisability undergirds ADA public service and public accommodation class actions in which individualized remedy assessments have been accepted as part of group-based challenges to social exclusion. The Article also demonstrates that this broader vision of collective action is consistent with the history underlying the class action device. Taking

  11. Child Find Activities under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Recent Case Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ennis, Robin Parks; Blanton, Kimberly; Katsiyannis, Antonis

    2017-01-01

    Since the enactment of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (IDEA's forerunner) in 1975, an important requirement has been Child Find activities. According to Shapiro and Derrington (2004), Child Find is broadly defined as the entire range of activities, including public awareness, identification, referral, eligibility determination, and…

  12. Ada training evaluation and recommendations from the Gamma Ray Observatory Ada Development Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    The Ada training experiences of the Gamma Ray Observatory Ada development team are related, and recommendations are made concerning future Ada training for software developers. Training methods are evaluated, deficiencies in the training program are noted, and a recommended approach, including course outline, time allocation, and reference materials, is offered.

  13. Library services for people with disabilities: results of a survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, P P

    1996-07-01

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), enacted in 1990, has had a significant impact on the way many institutions, including libraries, do business. The Association of Research Libraries surveyed its members in 1991 to determine the effect of this legislation, and the author conducted a similar survey in 1995 to learn what progress academic health sciences libraries have made in serving the needs of people with disablities. A questionnaire was mailed to 131 members of the Association of Academic Health Sciences Library Directors. Nearly three-quarters of respondents reported elimination of physical barriers. The most common services provided are retrieval of materials from the stacks and photocopy assistance. Much less attention has been paid to the use of adaptive technology that allows disabled users to search a library's online catalog and databases; special technology is often provided by another unit on campus but there seems to be little coordination with library services Few libraries have assigned responsibility for disability services to a specific staff member and even fewer have done a formal assessment of the need for special services. The issues identified by the survey should challenge academic health sciences libraries to examine their status regarding compliance with ADA legislation.

  14. Fathers' and Mothers' Experiences with Participation in Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Early Intervention Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baden, Kristin Marie

    2012-01-01

    Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) includes a provision for states to provide early intervention (EI) for infants and toddlers demonstrating developmental challenges. Limited data identify how parents, and especially fathers, feel about their experiences participating in Part C EI. This study investigated how fathers…

  15. Evaluation of the Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition, Screening Test for Use in States' Child Outcomes Measurement Systems under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elbaum, Batya; Gattamorta, Karina A.; Penfield, Randall D.

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated the Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition, Screening Test (BDI-2 ST) for use in states' child outcomes accountability systems under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Complete Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition (BDI-2), assessment data were obtained for 142 children, ages 2 to 62 months, who…

  16. A case law review of the individuals with disabilities education act for children with hearing loss or auditory processing disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreisman, Brian M; John, Andrew B

    2010-01-01

    In 1975, Congress passed the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (Public Law 94-142), and it has been revised and modified several times. At the time of this writing, this law was most recently amended by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (Pub. L. No. 108-446, 118 Stat. 2647, December 3, 2004), which took effect on July 1, 2005. Colloquially the law is still referred to as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Children with hearing loss or auditory processing disorder (APD) may qualify for services under IDEA. However, a review of the literature found no review of case law for such children. This article provides a comprehensive review of case law involving the IDEA and children with hearing loss or APD from the U.S. Supreme Court and U.S. courts of appeals. We conducted a systematic review of case law. A LexisNexis search for cases involving IDEA and children with hearing loss or APDs was conducted. For the purpose of the present case review, all appellate decisions (cases accepted by the U.S. courts of appeals or the U.S. Supreme Court) were included if they found that the child had hearing loss or APD, regardless of the reason for the appeal under IDEA. In the instance of multiple cases that involved the same two parties, these cases are summarized together to provide the legal context. Brief explanations of IDEA and the federal judicial process as it pertains to IDEA disputes are presented. Following these explanations, a chronological review of IDEA appellate cases concerning students with hearing loss or APD is provided. The IDEA cases reviewed focus on three main issues: placement of the child, methodology of teaching, and the provision of services. This case law review provides a helpful summary of higher court cases for educational audiologists and parents of children with hearing loss or APDs, as well as educators, individualized education program team members, school administrators, and legal

  17. Paranoia.Ada: A diagnostic program to evaluate Ada floating-point arithmetic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hjermstad, Chris

    1986-01-01

    Many essential software functions in the mission critical computer resource application domain depend on floating point arithmetic. Numerically intensive functions associated with the Space Station project, such as emphemeris generation or the implementation of Kalman filters, are likely to employ the floating point facilities of Ada. Paranoia.Ada appears to be a valuabe program to insure that Ada environments and their underlying hardware exhibit the precision and correctness required to satisfy mission computational requirements. As a diagnostic tool, Paranoia.Ada reveals many essential characteristics of an Ada floating point implementation. Equipped with such knowledge, programmers need not tremble before the complex task of floating point computation.

  18. A small evaluation suite for Ada compilers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilke, Randy; Roy, Daniel M.

    1986-01-01

    After completing a small Ada pilot project (OCC simulator) for the Multi Satellite Operations Control Center (MSOCC) at Goddard last year, the use of Ada to develop OCCs was recommended. To help MSOCC transition toward Ada, a suite of about 100 evaluation programs was developed which can be used to assess Ada compilers. These programs compare the overall quality of the compilation system, compare the relative efficiencies of the compilers and the environments in which they work, and compare the size and execution speed of generated machine code. Another goal of the benchmark software was to provide MSOCC system developers with rough timing estimates for the purpose of predicting performance of future systems written in Ada.

  19. Assistive Technology under American Acts for People with Disabilities%美国残疾人相关法规对辅助技术的要求

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑俭

    2013-01-01

    本文介绍美国《康复法》、《残疾人教育法》、《辅助技术法》和《美国残疾人法》中残疾人在职业康复、就业、教育、公共环境等领域中的辅助技术权益要点,法律对政府部门和有关机构在残疾人辅助技术工作方面的责任和要求。讨论这些法规的立法方式与执行方法对我国的借鉴价值。%This paper introduced the key right of people with disabilities for assistive technology under the U.S. laws, including The Re-habilitation Act, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Assistive Technology Act and Americans with Disabilities Act. The assistive technology right involved occupation rehabilitation, employment and education and public area. The related agency needs to respond to these requirement. China can learn some from these acts.

  20. Development of an Ada programming support environment database SEAD (Software Engineering and Ada Database) administration manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liaw, Morris; Evesson, Donna

    1988-01-01

    Software Engineering and Ada Database (SEAD) was developed to provide an information resource to NASA and NASA contractors with respect to Ada-based resources and activities which are available or underway either in NASA or elsewhere in the worldwide Ada community. The sharing of such information will reduce duplication of effort while improving quality in the development of future software systems. SEAD data is organized into five major areas: information regarding education and training resources which are relevant to the life cycle of Ada-based software engineering projects such as those in the Space Station program; research publications relevant to NASA projects such as the Space Station Program and conferences relating to Ada technology; the latest progress reports on Ada projects completed or in progress both within NASA and throughout the free world; Ada compilers and other commercial products that support Ada software development; and reusable Ada components generated both within NASA and from elsewhere in the free world. This classified listing of reusable components shall include descriptions of tools, libraries, and other components of interest to NASA. Sources for the data include technical newletters and periodicals, conference proceedings, the Ada Information Clearinghouse, product vendors, and project sponsors and contractors.

  1. Experiences with Ada in an embedded system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labaugh, Robert J.

    1988-01-01

    Recent experiences with using Ada in a real time environment are described. The application was the control system for an experimental robotic arm. The objectives of the effort were to experiment with developing embedded applications in Ada, evaluating the suitability of the language for the application, and determining the performance of the system. Additional objectives were to develop a control system based on the NASA/NBS Standard Reference Model for Telerobot Control System Architecture (NASREM) in Ada, and to experiment with the control laws and how to incorporate them into the NASREM architecture.

  2. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Western Digital STC-Ada Compiler, Version C1. Om V-004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-28

    C27001A.ADA P SC 2 10 C27002A-B.ADA P SC x 15 829001A.ADA PS SC a 126 EC 262 A29002A-B.ADA P SCz 74 A29002B-.B.ADA P SC a 69 A29002C-B. ADA P SC z 68...s 15 D32202Bm-B.ADA P SC a 21 SC 2 9 B32202C-D.ADA P SC.x 28 EC x:12 C32203A-B.ADA P SC a 15 *A32203i68.ADA P SC a 22 A32203C-B.ADA P SCx 18 A32203D...B.ADA P SC a 16 B33001A.ADA P SC a 27 SC a 10 833002A.ADA PS SC a 8 EC x 5 533003A.ADA P SCx 14 EC a 4 B33003B-AS.ADA P SC a 22 EC a 9 533003C-AB.ADA

  3. ADA and C++ Business Case Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    compilation times, execution times, and various measures of space requirements. The as- sessments in the comparative analysis were refined using a Delphi ...weighted scoring and tables of results, to the group as a whole. Then a Delphi technique similar to the FAA methodology was used to refine the evaluations...promoter of reusability, or injector of added quality, then our3collective judgements may be biased too much towards Ada. Of course the next Ada 9X team

  4. Ada (Trade Name) Bibliography. Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-05-01

    FISHER, DR. DAVID A.; WETHERALL, PHILIP R. DOCUMENT NUMBER: 3435 DOCUMENT DATE: 01/78 TYPE: TECHNICAL REPORT This report discusses the considerations...SPONOR ADA JT. PROG. OFF., ARLINGTON, VA 22209 - DATABASE PORTABILITY ISSUES IN THE KAPSE KOTLER , REED S. DOCUMENT NUMBER: 3590 TYPE: PAPER KERNEL ADA...N,., BABEL, PHILIPS ., U.S.A.F. ASD,WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB, OH 5653 -03 JOINT-SERVICE ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT INITIATIVES € BABICH, WAYNEA., SOFTECHINC

  5. A W-Grammar Description for ADA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-01

    Language Reference Manual. In MT opinion, the W- gramars fall short of this goal since they are less readable than BNF for determining Ada’s syntax, and...37 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . 39 V. Conclusion .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . .* . . . . 40 Ada Constructs Not Covered in W- gramar B...library unit. The problem with the Language Reference Manual description is not that BNF is too antiquated for language definition, but that English

  6. Depressive symptoms as a predictor of quality of life in cerebral small vessel disease, acting independently of disability; a study in both sporadic SVD and CADASIL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookes, Rebecca L; Willis, Thomas A; Patel, Bhavini; Morris, Robin G; Markus, Hugh S

    2013-01-01

    Background Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) causes lacunar stroke, and more recently has been implicated as a cause of depression. Factors causing reduced quality of life (QoL) in SVD, including the relative contributions of disability and depressive symptoms, remain uncertain. Hypothesis Depressive symptoms are a major predictor of reduced QoL in SVD, acting independently of disability. Methods The Stroke-Specific QoL scale was completed by 100 patients with SVD (lacunar stroke with MRI lacunar infarct) and 55 controls. We repeated the protocol in 40 patients with the young onset genetic form of SVD, CADASIL, and 35 controls. Disability (modified Rankin Scale), [instrumental] activities of daily living (IADL, ADL), cognition (Mini Mental State Examination) and depressive symptoms (Geriatric Depression Scale, Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale) were measured. Results QoL was significantly lower in SVD than controls: mean (SD), 196.8 (35.2) versus 226.8(15.3), pSVD. They account for greater reduction than disability, and the association is independent of disability. This relationship may reflect the proposed causal association between white matter disease and depression. Treatment of depressive symptoms might significantly improve QoL in SVD. PMID:22364606

  7. An Embedded Rule-Based Diagnostic Expert System in Ada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Robert E.; Liberman, Eugene M.

    1992-01-01

    Ada is becoming an increasingly popular programming language for large Government-funded software projects. Ada with it portability, transportability, and maintainability lends itself well to today's complex programming environment. In addition, expert systems have also assumed a growing role in providing human-like reasoning capability expertise for computer systems. The integration is discussed of expert system technology with Ada programming language, especially a rule-based expert system using an ART-Ada (Automated Reasoning Tool for Ada) system shell. NASA Lewis was chosen as a beta test site for ART-Ada. The test was conducted by implementing the existing Autonomous Power EXpert System (APEX), a Lisp-based power expert system, in ART-Ada. Three components, the rule-based expert systems, a graphics user interface, and communications software make up SMART-Ada (Systems fault Management with ART-Ada). The rules were written in the ART-Ada development environment and converted to Ada source code. The graphics interface was developed with the Transportable Application Environment (TAE) Plus, which generates Ada source code to control graphics images. SMART-Ada communicates with a remote host to obtain either simulated or real data. The Ada source code generated with ART-Ada, TAE Plus, and communications code was incorporated into an Ada expert system that reads the data from a power distribution test bed, applies the rule to determine a fault, if one exists, and graphically displays it on the screen. The main objective, to conduct a beta test on the ART-Ada rule-based expert system shell, was achieved. The system is operational. New Ada tools will assist in future successful projects. ART-Ada is one such tool and is a viable alternative to the straight Ada code when an application requires a rule-based or knowledge-based approach.

  8. National Council on Disability Government Performance and Results Act Annual Report to the President and Congress, Fiscal Year 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Council on Disability, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Through collaboration with its stakeholders, the National Council on Disability (NCD) will pursue a focused agenda that will promote government programs and policies in support of full inclusion of all people with disabilities into the educational, economic and social fabric of the American community. NCD will use the expertise of its diverse…

  9. Fitness facilities still lack accessibility for people with disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimmer, James H; Padalabalanarayanan, Sangeetha; Malone, Laurie A; Mehta, Tapan

    2017-04-01

    Fitness facilities have potential to serve as places of 'health enhancement' for many underserved populations, particularly among people with physical/mobility disabilities where walking outdoors to meet recommendations for regular physical activity is not an option due to mobility or safety issues. To examine the accessibility and usability of fitness facilities across the U.S. from a broader framework of physical and program access. A convenience sample of 227 fitness facilities in 10 states were assessed by trained evaluators using the Accessibility Instrument Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments (AIMFREE) tool. Non-parametric tests were performed to determine whether AIMFREE section scores were different by geographic region (urban, suburban), business type (nonprofit, for-profit), facility affiliation (fitness center/health club, park district/community center, hospital/rehabilitation facility, university/college), and facility construction date (pre/post passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act, ADA). Raw scores were converted to scaled scores with higher scores indicating better accessibility based on a criterion-referenced approach. Section scale scores (11/13) were low (facility affiliation. While facilities built after passage of the ADA had higher accessibility scores compared to pre-ADA facilities, only programs and water fountains had scaled scores ≥70 regardless of facility construction date. There exists a strong and urgent need to encourage owners and operators of fitness facilities to reach a higher level of accessibility. Until then, many people with physical/mobility disabilities will continue to have limited access to programs, equipment, and services offered at these facilities. Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Transformation of ADA programs into silicon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organick, E. I.; Lindstrom, G.; Smith, D. K.; Subrahmany; Carter, T.

    1982-03-01

    This report outlines the beginning steps taken in an integrated research effort toward the development of a methodology, and supporting systems, for transforming Ada programs, or program units, (directly) into corresponding VLSI systems. The time seems right to expect good results. The need is evident; special purpose systems should be realistic alternatives where simplicity, speed, reliability, and security ae dominant factors. Success in this research can lead to attractive options for embedded system applications. Ada programs can be regarded as ensembles of machines, one per program unit (module), which in turn may be mapped directly into corresponding VLSI structures on one or more chips with interconnecting (packet switched or other) communication nets. The research reported here is part of a five-year plan, the first year of which focuses on 'proving' the concepts through a realistic demonstration of methodology for a specific example Ada program (a silicon representation of part or all of the DoD Standard Internet Protocol, IP, initially expressed in Ada). Implicit in these objectives is the development of a set of hardware structuring paradigms (rewrite rules) whose application can ensure that transformation steps between levels of abstraction in the design process are well structured in order to preserve the integrity and, where possible, the clarity of the original Ada specification. Some paradigms, but of course not all, lead to highly efficient implementations.

  11. 75 FR 62676 - Disability Determinations by State Agency Disability Examiners

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... ADMINISTRATION 20 CFR Parts 404 and 416 RIN 0960-AG87 Disability Determinations by State Agency Disability... a temporary basis to permit State agency disability examiners to make fully favorable determinations in certain claims for disability benefits under titles II and XVI of the Social Security Act (Act...

  12. 75 FR 9821 - Disability Determinations by State Agency Disability Examiners

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    ... ADMINISTRATION 20 CFR Parts 404 and 416 RIN 0960-AG87 Disability Determinations by State Agency Disability... to amend our rules to permit disability examiners in the State agencies to make fully favorable determinations in certain claims for disability benefits under titles II and XVI of the Social Security Act (Act...

  13. A database management capability for Ada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Arvola; Danberg, SY; Fox, Stephen; Landers, Terry; Nori, Anil; Smith, John M.

    1986-01-01

    The data requirements of mission critical defense systems have been increasing dramatically. Command and control, intelligence, logistics, and even weapons systems are being required to integrate, process, and share ever increasing volumes of information. To meet this need, systems are now being specified that incorporate data base management subsystems for handling storage and retrieval of information. It is expected that a large number of the next generation of mission critical systems will contain embedded data base management systems. Since the use of Ada has been mandated for most of these systems, it is important to address the issues of providing data base management capabilities that can be closely coupled with Ada. A comprehensive distributed data base management project has been investigated. The key deliverables of this project are three closely related prototype systems implemented in Ada. These three systems are discussed.

  14. Program Office Guide to Ada. Edition 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-17

    Storage Allocation 3-11 3.2.2.4 Rendezvous 3-11 3.3 ALTERNATIVES IN CUSTOM RUN-TIME SUPPORT 3-12 ENVIRONMENTS ( RSE ) 3.3.1 Unique RSE for Each...Tailoring Run-time Support Environments ( RSE ) The minimal Ada compilation system must include a Run- time Support Environment ( RSE ). The code generated by...a typical Ada compiler calls on the RSE to obtain the run-time system services necessary for execution. The RSE consists of primitive and system

  15. Object-Oriented Database Access from Ada

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-03-01

    programs’ sizes in Ada are larger than C’s. Strong type checking and the interface programs added overhead can probably explain this. 4.3 Problema ...Verdix Corporation. Verdix Ada Development System, 1991. BIB-2 Vita Lt Col Li Chou (ROCAF, Taiwan ) was born on 28 October 1957 in I-Lan, Taiwan ...Republic of China . He graduated from high school in I-Lan in June, 1975. He then entered the National Defense Medical Center from which he graduated in 1980

  16. Ada Formal Methods in the STARS Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-03

    Ariel Semantics for nanoAVA ....... ........................ 56 5.3.1 Caliban Types ....................................... 56 5.3.2 Caliban ...Expressions ........ ........................... 57 5.3.3 Caliban Definitions ........ ............................ 58 5.3.4 Clio’s Metalanguage...59 5.3.5 A Summary of Ada-Ariel Semantics ........................ 60 5.3.6 A Caliban Encoding of an Ariel Semantics for

  17. AdaNET prototype library administration manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanley, Lionel

    1989-01-01

    The functions of the AdaNET Prototype Library of Reusable Software Parts is described. Adopted from the Navy Research Laboratory's Reusability Guidebook (V.5.0), this is a working document, customized for use the the AdaNET Project. Within this document, the term part is used to denote the smallest unit controlled by a library and retrievable from it. A part may have several constituents, which may not be individually tracked. Presented are the types of parts which may be stored in the library and the relationships among those parts; a concept of trust indicators which provide measures of confidence that a user of a previously developed part may reasonably apply to a part for a new application; search and retrieval, configuration management, and communications among those who interact with the AdaNET Prototype Library; and the AdaNET Prototype, described from the perspective of its three major users: the part reuser and retriever, the part submitter, and the librarian and/or administrator.

  18. Alma Flor Ada: Writer, Translator, Storyteller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the work of children's author Alma Flor Ada, a Cuban native who has won awards honoring Latino writers and illustrators. Includes part of an interview that explores her background, describes activity ideas, and presents a bibliography of works written by her (several title published in both English and Spanish) as well as sources of…

  19. LAS DOS TRÍADAS DEBEJARANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Iván González

    Full Text Available El artículo diseute "dos tríadas" que propone Bejarano para calificar a la teoría económica actual. La primera tríada tiene que ver con el realismo, la pertinencia y la relevancia de la teoría. Y la segunda tríada con sus dimensiones política, institucional y moral. El artículo centra la atención en esta segunda tríada, argumentando que la teoría no es apolítica, ainstitucional y amoral como afirma Bejarano. El examen crítico de la posición de Bejarano se sustenta en algunas de las tesis de: Walras, Marshall, Hicks, vickrey, Samuelson y Arrow.This article discusses the "two triads" that Bejarano has proposed in order to describe present economic theory. The first triad refers to the realism, pertinence and relevance of the theory. The second triad to its political, institutional and moral dimension. The article centers its attention on this second triad, arguing that the theory is not apolitical, uninstitutional and amoral as Bejarano states. The critical examination of Bejarano's proposition is supported on thesis of Walras, Marshall, Hicks, Vickrey, Samuelson and Arrow.

  20. ADA Integrated Environment I. System Specification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-01

    returned. UNCLASSIFIED SECt AITY CLASSIFICATION O r THiS PAGE ("On’ Dese ,9nA.,d)l ,_ REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE BEFO scOL’No RM 1. RqEPl~ORT, NUM1191N 2...keyboard interactive, and high-band-width graphics terminals. The standard Ada character set is specified; 5. establish and maintain (that is, enter

  1. Knowledge, programming, and programming cultures: LISP, C, and Ada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rochowiak, Daniel

    1990-01-01

    The results of research 'Ada as an implementation language for knowledge based systems' are presented. The purpose of the research was to compare Ada to other programming languages. The report focuses on the programming languages Ada, C, and Lisp, the programming cultures that surround them, and the programming paradigms they support.

  2. Nearly Two Decades after the Implementation of Persons with Disabilities Act: Concerns of Indian Teachers to Implement Inclusive Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatnagar, Nisha; Das, Ajay

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the concerns of regular secondary school teachers in Delhi, India in order to work with students with disabilities in inclusive education settings. A total of 470 teachers responded to a two-part questionnaire. Part-one of the questionnaire collected information related to personal and professional characteristics of the…

  3. 77 FR 30173 - Amendment of Americans With Disabilities Act Title II and Title III Regulations To Extend...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-21

    .... One organization representing individuals with disabilities noted that the barrier removal concept has... extensive technical assistance on the concept to understand their obligations. The organization believed an... categorization of pool access as a luxury, stating that access to other amenities, such as restaurants, could...

  4. Ada (Trade Name) Bibliography. Volume 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-03-01

    describes the characteristics that " such methologies should possess, Emphasis is given to the process by which software is developed for Ada applications...1. PP. 30-35. 01/82 This article is a proposal for an experiment to relate software metrics to software project observables , in particular to the...that arise in developing embedded software systems. The case studies are of two kinds: pedagogical and observational . The pedagogical case studies

  5. Ada for Embedded Systems: Issues and Questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    appropriate order based on the task dependency hierarchy, which the ART maintains and adds to when tasks are created [ Reino 86]. The master-slave, parent...termination are needed [ Reino 86]. Tasks provide a considerable overhead in the runtime system because the status must be maintained for context...Practitioners Approach. McGraw-Hill International, 1982. [ Reino 86] Kurki-Suonio, R. An Operational Model for Ada Tasking. Technical Report 1/1986, Tampere

  6. Ada (Trade Name) Bibliography. Volume 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-01

    MARIA : FREEMAN. PETER: WASSERMAN, ANTHONY I. DOCUMENT NUMBER: 5484 DOCUMENT DATE: 11/82 TYPE: TECHNICAL REPORT In Spring, 1982, a questionnaire was...VALIDATION AVAILABLE FROM: THE AUTHOR SPONSORS: U.S.A.F. ASD,WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB, OH AN ADA LANGUAGE PRIMER, PART I SAIB, SABINA H. DOCUMENT NUMBER: 6214...PRIMER, PART II SAIB, SABINA H. DOCUMENT NUMBER: 6215 TYPE: JOURNAL ARTICLE BYTE, VOL 9, ISSUE 6, 14 P. This article is the second of a two-part

  7. Low Floor Americans with Disabilities Compliant Alternate Fuel Vehicle Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James Bartel

    2004-11-26

    This project developed a low emission, cost effective, fuel efficient, medium-duty community/transit shuttle bus that meets American's with Disabilities Act (ADA) requirements and meets National Energy Policy Act requirements (uses alternative fuel). The Low Profile chassis, which is the basis of this vehicle is configured to be fuel neutral to accommodate various alternative fuels. Demonstration of the vehicle in Yellowstone Park in summer (wheeled operation) and winter (track operation) demonstrated the feasibility and flexibility for this vehicle to provide year around operation throughout the Parks system as well as normal transit operation. The unique configuration of the chassis which provides ADA access with a simple ramp and a flat floor throughout the passenger compartment, provides maximum access for all passengers as well as maximum flexibility to configure the vehicle for each application. Because this product is derived from an existing medium duty truck chassis, the completed bus is 40-50% less expensive than existing low floor transit buses, with the reliability and durability of OEM a medium duty truck.

  8. Object-oriented programming with mixins in Ada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seidewitz, ED

    1992-01-01

    Recently, I wrote a paper discussing the lack of 'true' object-oriented programming language features in Ada 83, why one might desire them in Ada, and how they might be added in Ada 9X. The approach I took in this paper was to build the new object-oriented features of Ada 9X as much as possible on the basic constructs and philosophy of Ada 83. The object-oriented features proposed for Ada 9X, while different in detail, are based on the same kind of approach. Further consideration of this approach led me on a long reflection on the nature of object-oriented programming and its application to Ada. The results of this reflection, presented in this paper, show how a fairly natural object-oriented style can indeed be developed even in Ada 83. The exercise of developing this style is useful for at least three reasons: (1) it provides a useful style for programming object-oriented applications in Ada 83 until new features become available with Ada 9X; (2) it demystifies many of the mechanisms that seem to be 'magic' in most object-oriented programming languages by making them explicit; and (3) it points out areas that are and are not in need of change in Ada 83 to make object-oriented programming more natural in Ada 9X. In the next four sections I will address in turn the issues of object-oriented classes, mixins, self-reference and supertyping. The presentation is through a sequence of examples. This results in some overlap with that paper, but all the examples in the present paper are written entirely in Ada 83. I will return to considerations for Ada 9X in the last section of the paper.

  9. Association of G22A and A4223C ADA1 gene polymorphisms and ADA activity with PCOS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salehabadi, Mahshid; Farimani, Marzieh; Tavilani, Heidar; Ghorbani, Marzieh; Poormonsefi, Faranak; Poorolajal, Jalal; Shafiei, Gholamreza; Ghasemkhani, Neda; Khodadadi, Iraj

    2016-06-01

    Adenosine deaminase-1 (ADA1) regulates the concentration of adenosine as the main modulator of oocyte maturation. There is compelling evidence for the association of ADA1 gene polymorphisms with many diseases but the importance of ADA1 polymorphisms in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has not been studied before. This study investigates serum total ADA activity (tADA), ADA1 and ADA2 isoenzyme activities, and genotype and allele frequencies of G22A and A4223C polymorphisms in healthy and PCOS women. In this case-control study 200 PCOS patients and 200 healthy women were enrolled. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood and the PCR-RFLP technique was used to determine the G22A and A4223C variants. The genotype frequencies were calculated and the association between polymorphic genotypes and enzyme activities were determined. tADA activity was significantly lower in the PCOS group compared with the control group (27.76±6.0 vs. 39.63±7.48, respectively). PCOS patients also showed reduced activity of ADA1 and ADA2. PCOS was not associated with G22A polymorphism whereas AA, AC, and CC genotypes of A4223C polymorphism were found distributed differently between the control and the PCOS women where the C allele showed a strong protective role for PCOS (odds ratio=1.876, p=0.033). The present study for the first time showed that lower ADA activity may be involved in pathogenesis of PCOS by maintaining a higher concentration of adenosine affecting follicular growth. As a novel finding, we also showed great differences in genotype distribution and allele frequencies of A4223C polymorphism between groups indicating a protective role for C allele against PCOS. AbbreviationsADA: adenosine deaminase PCOS: polycystic ovary syndrome PCR-RFLP: polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism tADA: total adenosine deaminase.

  10. ada: An R Package for Stochastic Boosting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Culp

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Boosting is an iterative algorithm that combines simple classification rules with ‘mediocre’ performance in terms of misclassification error rate to produce a highly accurate classification rule. Stochastic gradient boosting provides an enhancement which incorporates a random mechanism at each boosting step showing an improvement in performance and speed in generating the ensemble. ada is an R package that implements three popular variants of boosting, together with a version of stochastic gradient boosting. In addition, useful plots for data analytic purposes are provided along with an extension to the multi-class case. The algorithms are illustrated with synthetic and real data sets.

  11. ada: An R Package for Stochastic Boosting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Culp

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Boosting is an iterative algorithm that combines simple classification rules with "mediocre" performance in terms of misclassification error rate to produce a highly accurate classification rule. Stochastic gradient boosting provides an enhancement which incorporates a random mechanism at each boosting step showing an improvement in performance and speed in generating the ensemble. ada is an R package that implements three popular variants of boosting, together with a version of stochastic gradient boosting. In addition, useful plots for data analytic purposes are provided along with an extension to the multi-class case. The algorithms are illustrated with synthetic and real data sets.

  12. 38th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2016

    2016-01-01

    Since its enactment, the "Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975," Public Law (P.L.) 94-142, requires the secretary of the U.S. Department of Education (secretary) [and predecessor, the commissioner of education at the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare] to transmit to Congress an annual report to inform…

  13. 37th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2015

    2015-01-01

    Since its enactment, the "Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975," Public Law (P.L.) 94-142, requires the secretary of the U.S. Department of Education (secretary) [and predecessor, the commissioner of education at the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare] to transmit to Congress an annual report to inform…

  14. Software engineering and the role of Ada: Executive seminar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Glenn B.

    1987-01-01

    The objective was to introduce the basic terminology and concepts of software engineering and Ada. The life cycle model is reviewed. The application of the goals and principles of software engineering is applied. An introductory understanding of the features of the Ada language is gained. Topics addressed include: the software crises; the mandate of the Space Station Program; software life cycle model; software engineering; and Ada under the software engineering umbrella.

  15. An Adaptation of the ADA Language for Machine Generated Compilers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-12-01

    Ada Augusta, Lady Lovelace , the daughter of the poet, Lord Byron, and Charles Babbage’s programmer.# 2UNIX is a Trademark/Service Mark of the Bell...AN ADAPTATION OF THE ADA LANGUAGE FOR MACHINE GENERATED COMPILE-ETC(U) JNLSIIO DEC AG M A ROGERS, L P MYERS 7k .A9 22NVLPSTRDASHOOLMONEREYCAF EE9...mmhhhhhhmhhhhlLEhhhhhmmh LEV EU NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California DTIC ~ELECTEf All 0 3 198 /12 )THESIS 7 ,AN *DAPTATION OF THE ADA

  16. Its Ada: An Intelligent Tutoring System for the ADA Programming Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    TUTR, available through the Ada Repository at White Sands Missile Range in Alamagordo, New Mexico , is an application in computer- assisted instruction...same time as declaring it, we write: MYCAR :CARTYPE := ("Cl23XYZ","Ford Fiesta GL ",1986,840,30.0); We can also use record aggregates in assignments

  17. THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN CANADIAN AND AMERICAN JURISPRUDENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Malhotra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I explore the still evolving jurisprudence with respect to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities [CRPD] in Canada and the United States. I argue that the Canadian disability rights movement has always been open to insights from international law. Although the 1990 passage of the landmark Americans with Disabilities Act [ADA] has had an impact internationally as other countries enact similar legislation, the CRPD, which the United States Senate has yet to ratify, has played a marginal role to date in American courts. It remains to be seen if a more robust judicial dialogue can be fostered between the CRPD and domestic courts in both countries. Dans le présent document, j’explore la jurisprudence toujours en évolution au sujet de l’application de la Convention relative aux droits des personnes handicapées [CDPH] au Canada et aux États‑Unis. Je soutiens que le mouvement canadien de défense des droits des handicapés a toujours été ouvert aux points de vue émanant du droit international. Bien que l’adoption, en 1990, de la loi clé intitulée Americans with Disabilities Act [ADA] ait eu des répercussions à l’échelle internationale, puisque d’autres pays ont adopté des lois similaires, la CDPH, que le Sénat américain n’a pas encore ratifiée, a joué un rôle marginal jusqu’à maintenant devant les tribunaux américains. Il reste à déterminer s’il est possible de promouvoir un dialogue judiciaire plus vigoureux entre les organes qui appliquent la CDPH et les tribunaux nationaux des deux pays.

  18. Supporting Young Children with Disabilities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kathleen Hebbeler; Donna Spiker

    2016-01-01

    ...? To begin with, Kathleen Hebbeler and Donna Spiker write, identifying children with delays and disabilities to receive specialized services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act poses several challenges...

  19. Implementation of a production Ada project: The GRODY study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godfrey, Sara; Brophy, Carolyn Elizabeth

    1989-01-01

    The use of the Ada language and design methodologies that encourage full use of its capabilities have a strong impact on all phases of the software development project life cycle. At the National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC), the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) conducted an experiment in parallel development of two flight dynamics systems in FORTRAN and Ada. The differences observed during the implementation, unit testing, and integration phases of the two projects are described and the lessons learned during the implementation phase of the Ada development are outlined. Included are recommendations for future Ada development projects.

  20. Understanding the Adoption of Ada: A Field Study Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-01

    a name change. The name Ada comes from Augusta Ada Byron, Countess of Lovelace , Charles Babbage’s colleague, and according to some, the first computer...Adoption of Ada : * 1 A Field Study Report A Gordon N. Smith Wesley M. Cohen William E. Hefley Daniel A. Levinthal. August 1989 E DTIC *ie jApproved f or...Puib1I release; -A’Djqtribution Unbmtod 0 (3 134 154 Technical Report 0 SEI-88-TR-28 ESD-TR-88-37 August 1989 Understanding the Adoption of Ada : A Field

  1. Ada and the rapid development lifecycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deforrest, Lloyd; Gref, Lynn

    1991-01-01

    JPL is under contract, through NASA, with the US Army to develop a state-of-the-art Command Center System for the US European Command (USEUCOM). The Command Center System will receive, process, and integrate force status information from various sources and provide this integrated information to staff officers and decision makers in a format designed to enhance user comprehension and utility. The system is based on distributed workstation class microcomputers, VAX- and SUN-based data servers, and interfaces to existing military mainframe systems and communication networks. JPL is developing the Command Center System utilizing an incremental delivery methodology called the Rapid Development Methodology with adherence to government and industry standards including the UNIX operating system, X Windows, OSF/Motif, and the Ada programming language. Through a combination of software engineering techniques specific to the Ada programming language and the Rapid Development Approach, JPL was able to deliver capability to the military user incrementally, with comparable quality and improved economies of projects developed under more traditional software intensive system implementation methodologies.

  2. The ADAS inner solar system project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, Martin; Pignata, Giuliano; Barbieri, Cesare; Bertini, Ivano; Calvani, Massimo; Claudi, Riccardo; Hahn, Gerhard; Magrin, Sara; Mottola, Stefano; Neukum, Gerhard

    2002-11-01

    ADAS, the Asiago-DLR Asteroid Survey, is a joint program between the Department of Astronomy and Astronomical Observatory of Padova and the DLR Berlin, dedicated to the search of asteroids. The observations are made with a 67/92 cm Schmidt Telescope on Cima Ekar, near Asiago, in northern Italy. A 2K×2K CCD camera provided by the DLR is in use, mostly in Time Delay Integration mode. The camera has a field of 0.67 square degrees and can reach a limiting magnitude V ~ 21.0 in 3 minutes of exposure time. Specific search programs, in particular for objects permanently inside the orbit of the Earth (IEOs), have been started. A simulation of the performance of the IEO survey based on the model population from Bottke et al. shows that the discovery of a one-digit number of IEOs may be possible with the layout and equipment of the ADAS survey with a couple of years of operation.

  3. Transferring data objects: A focused Ada investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, Sue

    1988-01-01

    The use of the Ada language does not guarantee that data objects will be in the same form or have the same value after they have been stored or transferred to another system. There are too many possible variables in such things as the formats used and other protocol conditions. Differences may occur at many different levels of support. These include program level, object level, application level, and system level. A standard language is only one aspect of making a complex system completely homogeneous. Many components must be standardized and the various standards must be integrated. The principal issues in providing for interaction between systems are of exchanging files and data objects between systems which may not be compatible in terms of their host computer, operating system or other factors. A typical resolution of the problem of invalidating data involves at least a common external form, for data objects and for representing the relationships and attributes of data collections. Some of the issues dealing with the transfer of data are listed and consideration is given on how these issues may be handled in the Ada language.

  4. 20 CFR 718.204 - Total disability and disability causation defined; criteria for determining total disability and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Total disability and disability causation defined; criteria for determining total disability and total disability due to pneumoconiosis. 718.204... MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY...

  5. 59 FR- Realty Action; Ada and Owyhee, ID

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-05-03

    ...-332A-02; IDI-29516] Realty Action; Ada and Owyhee, ID AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Realty Action--IDI-29516; Exchange of public and private lands in Ada and Owyhee.... Containing 640 acres, more or less, in Owyhee County. The purpose of this exchange is to dispose of...

  6. Fine-Tuning ADAS Algorithm Parameters for Optimizing Traffic ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    With the development of the Connected Vehicle technology that facilitates wirelessly communication among vehicles and road-side infrastructure, the Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) can be adopted as an effective tool for accelerating traffic safety and mobility optimization at various highway facilities. To this end, the traffic management centers identify the optimal ADAS algorithm parameter set that enables the maximum improvement of the traffic safety and mobility performance, and broadcast the optimal parameter set wirelessly to individual ADAS-equipped vehicles. After adopting the optimal parameter set, the ADAS-equipped drivers become active agents in the traffic stream that work collectively and consistently to prevent traffic conflicts, lower the intensity of traffic disturbances, and suppress the development of traffic oscillations into heavy traffic jams. Successful implementation of this objective requires the analysis capability of capturing the impact of the ADAS on driving behaviors, and measuring traffic safety and mobility performance under the influence of the ADAS. To address this challenge, this research proposes a synthetic methodology that incorporates the ADAS-affected driving behavior modeling and state-of-the-art microscopic traffic flow modeling into a virtually simulated environment. Building on such an environment, the optimal ADAS algorithm parameter set is identified through an optimization programming framework to enable th

  7. Alma Flor Ada and the Quest for Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manna, Anthony, L.; Hill, Janet; Kellogg, Kathy

    2004-01-01

    Alma Flor Ada, a folklorist, novelist, scholar, teacher, and children's book author has passionate dedication to education for social justice, equality, and peace. As a faculty member at the University of San Francisco, Ada has developed programs that help students and others transform their lives and has written several bilingual legends and…

  8. Ada (Trademark) Tasking and Exceptions: A Formal Definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    handlerjist exception- bandler -jead sequence...of-statements E14) exceptionjiandlerjlist -. exceptionji andler..head sequence..of..statements E15...Weatherly, Richard M., A Messale-Based Kernel to Support Ada Tasking, Proceedings of the IEEE Computer 06; Society 1984 Conference on Ada

  9. Maintaining Student Records and Meeting Confidentiality Requirements under the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA), Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (504). A Primer for Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copenhaver, John

    2006-01-01

    An important federal statute impacting student records is the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), enacted to ensure student/parent access to education records and to limit disclosures to others for unauthorized purposes. FERPA Regulations set forth the basic federal records retention and destruction requirements. The records of…

  10. Visualization design and verification of Ada tasking using timing diagrams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidale, R. F.; Szulewski, P. A.; Weiss, J. B.

    1986-01-01

    The use of timing diagrams is recommended in the design and testing of multi-task Ada programs. By displaying the task states vs. time, timing diagrams can portray the simultaneous threads of data flow and control which characterize tasking programs. This description of the system's dynamic behavior from conception to testing is a necessary adjunct to other graphical techniques, such as structure charts, which essentially give a static view of the system. A series of steps is recommended which incorporates timing diagrams into the design process. Finally, a description is provided of a prototype Ada Execution Analyzer (AEA) which automates the production of timing diagrams from VAX/Ada debugger output.

  11. Supporting Young Children with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hebbeler, Kathleen; Spiker, Donna

    2016-01-01

    What do we know about young children with delays and disabilities, and how can we help them succeed in prekindergarten through third grade? To begin with, Kathleen Hebbeler and Donna Spiker write, identifying children with delays and disabilities to receive specialized services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act poses several…

  12. QUEST/Ada (Query Utility Environment for Software Testing of Ada): The development of a prgram analysis environment for Ada, task 1, phase 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, David B.

    1990-01-01

    The results of research and development efforts are described for Task one, Phase two of a general project entitled The Development of a Program Analysis Environment for Ada. The scope of this task includes the design and development of a prototype system for testing Ada software modules at the unit level. The system is called Query Utility Environment for Software Testing of Ada (QUEST/Ada). The prototype for condition coverage provides a platform that implements expert system interaction with program testing. The expert system can modify data in the instrument source code in order to achieve coverage goals. Given this initial prototype, it is possible to evaluate the rule base in order to develop improved rules for test case generation. The goals of Phase two are the following: (1) to continue to develop and improve the current user interface to support the other goals of this research effort (i.e., those related to improved testing efficiency and increased code reliable); (2) to develop and empirically evaluate a succession of alternative rule bases for the test case generator such that the expert system achieves coverage in a more efficient manner; and (3) to extend the concepts of the current test environment to address the issues of Ada concurrency.

  13. Ada 9X Project Report, A Study of Implementation-Dependent Pragmas and Attributes in Ada

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-11-01

    line. The link option files may be entered into the XD ACS library and modified without the need for pro - gram recompilation. The use of ACS option...to the declarative part of a machine code procedure. The pro - gram must make use of the system package MACHINECODE for this purpose. Implicit code is...Appendix F) Rational M1 750a Version 2.0.122 R1000, D 10 9 1 1750a host Mikros MKS 1750/S0, bare machine Validation Summary Report, Appendix B (Ada RM

  14. A report on NASA software engineering and Ada training requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, Sue; Freedman, Glenn B.; Svabek, L.

    1987-01-01

    NASA's software engineering and Ada skill base are assessed and information that may result in new models for software engineering, Ada training plans, and curricula are provided. A quantitative assessment which reflects the requirements for software engineering and Ada training across NASA is provided. A recommended implementation plan including a suggested curriculum with associated duration per course and suggested means of delivery is also provided. The distinction between education and training is made. Although it was directed to focus on NASA's need for the latter, the key relationships to software engineering education are also identified. A rationale and strategy for implementing a life cycle education and training program are detailed in support of improved software engineering practices and the transition to Ada.

  15. Latvian PR people are world class / Ada Parr

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parr, Ada

    2004-01-01

    Suhtekorraldusfirma Porter Novelli rahvusvahelise partnerluse juht suhtekorralduse osatähtsuse kasvust ettevõtete äritegevuses, suhtekorraldusturu olukorrast ja teenuste kvaliteedi tasemest Baltimaades. Vt. samas: Ada Parr recommends

  16. On some key features of Ada : Language and programming environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wehrum, R. P.; Hoyer, W.; Dießl, G.

    1986-08-01

    The present paper focuses upon those aspects of the Ada language whose purpose is to support the discipline of software engineering. It illustrates the use of Ada features for various forms of abstraction, separate compilation, exception handling and tasking and highlights the importance of separating the definition of a module interface from its implementation. It demonstrates the use of the package concept to realize information hiding, data encapsulation and abstract data types. Some key aspects of Ada numerics are dealt with briefly. The paper continues by providing an overview of the Ada programming environments, their history and their relationship to the CAIS interface. Finally, the special importance of the interactive debugger within such an environment is presented.

  17. Latvian PR people are world class / Ada Parr

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parr, Ada

    2004-01-01

    Suhtekorraldusfirma Porter Novelli rahvusvahelise partnerluse juht suhtekorralduse osatähtsuse kasvust ettevõtete äritegevuses, suhtekorraldusturu olukorrast ja teenuste kvaliteedi tasemest Baltimaades. Vt. samas: Ada Parr recommends

  18. Survey of Ada (Trademark)-Based PDLs (Program Design Language).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    Jane Stoughton Tel: 602-721-0500 PDL Identification: Byron Organization: Intermetrics, Inc. 733 Concord Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138 Contact: Barbara...827-9519 Organization: BTO Technical Operations 6365 East Tanque Verde Suite 200 Tucson, AZ 85717 PDL Identification: Bell Ada PDL Contact: Mary Jane ...a Related Syntax for an Ada POL," Mayda Software Engineering. iii) Nancy May Linden, "CASPOMAT - an Automated Teller System," and tool input and

  19. Considerations for the design of Ada reusable packages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nise, Norman S.; Giffin, Chuck

    1986-01-01

    Two important considerations that precede the design of Ada reusable packages (commonality and programming standards) are discuessed. First, the importance of designing packages to yield widespread commonality is expressed. A means of measuring the degree of applicability of packages both within and across applications areas is presented. Design consideration that will improve commonality are also discussed. Second, considerations for the development of programming standards are set forth. These considerations will lead to standards that will improve the reusability of Ada packages.

  20. Evaluation of Ada as a Communications Programming Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-31

    drastically, altered or circumvented to provide a communicatin system with sufficient resources to operate at a required level of performance. 3.3.1.2...Command (CORADCO4) and standard Digital Equipment Corporation VAX 11/780 system * software. Plans include the hosting of Ada/ED on the VAX 11/780 at the... Corporation , Bedford, MA, August, 1978. b. /LOGl79a/ LOGICON, "Formal Specification of GUARD Trusted Software (Draft)," ARPA-78C032303, September, 1979

  1. Las drogas diseñadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddie Alvarado Vargas

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Cada vez cobra más fuerza la clasificación de las drogas que las divide en psictrópicos y estupefacientes y en Costa Rica se ha añadido la sustancia inhalable. Se hace una ligera definición sobre lo que es una droga y la diferencia con las sustancias indispensables para el organismo como son el agua, el oxígeno y los alimentos las cuales son necesarias para el mismo. En el mundo cada vez es mayor el número de estas sustancias fiscalizadas, y que es considerada una acción delictiva en determinadas ocasiones. Convenios internacionales que deben ser ratificados por las naciones exige que se especifique previamente el objeto material del Delito. Las Drogas Diseñadas son aquellas que por algún cambio realizado en un laboratorio sobre su molécula, tienen los efectos muchas veces superiores a la droga madre, pero que por no estar en la lista de drogas fiscalizadas en el momento de aparición de la misma, va permitiendo que, mientras se agrega a la lista de las mencionadas drogas fiscalizadas, estos actos queden impunes con gran daño por la Salud Pública y del individuo durante mucho tiempo. Costa Rica no escapa de esta realidad por lo que el "narcotraficante" siempre irá adelante con nuevas drogas diseñadas causando grandes estragos, mientras las mismas poco a poco se van incluyendo en la lista de sustancias fiscalizadas. Se hace mención sobre posibles soluciones, entre ellas está incluir en las listas de los convenios internacionales, decretos y reglamentos, nueva terminología que incluya las posibles variaciones de las moléculas de las sustancias fiscalizadas.Every time takes greater force the clasification of drugs, which are divided in psichotropics and stupefacients, and in Costa Rica a new classification has been added: inhalable sustances. A light definition of what a drug is and the difference between the indispensable sustances for the organism like the water, oxigen and food which are necesary for life.Every time the number

  2. Examining the reliability of ADAS-Cog change scores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grochowalski, Joseph H; Liu, Ying; Siedlecki, Karen L

    2016-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate and examine ways to improve the reliability of change scores on the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale, Cognitive Subtest (ADAS-Cog). The sample, provided by the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, included individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (n = 153) and individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (n = 352). All participants were administered the ADAS-Cog at baseline and 1 year, and change scores were calculated as the difference in scores over the 1-year period. Three types of change score reliabilities were estimated using multivariate generalizability. Two methods to increase change score reliability were evaluated: reweighting the subtests of the scale and adding more subtests. Reliability of ADAS-Cog change scores over 1 year was low for both the AD sample (ranging from .53 to .64) and the MCI sample (.39 to .61). Reweighting the change scores from the AD sample improved reliability (.68 to .76), but lengthening provided no useful improvement for either sample. The MCI change scores had low reliability, even with reweighting and adding additional subtests. The ADAS-Cog scores had low reliability for measuring change. Researchers using the ADAS-Cog should estimate and report reliability for their use of the change scores. The ADAS-Cog change scores are not recommended for assessment of meaningful clinical change.

  3. Ada Dual-Use Summary: Ada Dual-Use Workshop Held in Vienna, Virginia on October 19-20, 1993. Ada Dual-Use Committee Briefing, November 8, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-11-29

    the maintnance cost with the development cost = I believe Ada will prove more cost -effective. The stndard accoutting practie established by the...1993- Our Current Strategy 7I Build engineered products, high reuse and low support costs . 71 Joint ventures for Ada products o Strategies: Ada...DISA and the Serviccs). 3. Current marketing efforts should be expanded to increase Ada awareness and appeal to commercial firms (Office ot Primary

  4. Intellectual Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Knows What? (log-in required) Select Page Intellectual Disability Jun 16, 2010 NICHCY Disability Fact Sheet 8 ... ready! Back to top What is an Intellectual Disability? Intellectual disability is a term used when a ...

  5. Learning Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Loss Surgery? A Week of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness Learning Disabilities KidsHealth > For Teens > Learning Disabilities Print A ... study engineering as he'd hoped? What Are Learning Disabilities? For someone diagnosed with a learning disability, ...

  6. Two Arabidopsis orthologs of the transcriptional coactivator ADA2 have distinct biological functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hark, Amy T; Vlachonasios, Konstantinos E; Pavangadkar, Kanchan A; Rao, Sumana; Gordon, Hillary; Adamakis, Ioannis-Dimosthenis; Kaldis, Athanasios; Thomashow, Michael F; Triezenberg, Steven J

    2009-02-01

    Histone acetylation is an example of covalent modification of chromatin structure that has the potential to regulate gene expression. Gcn5 is a prototypical histone acetyltransferase that associates with the transcriptional coactivator Ada2. In Arabidopsis, two genes encode proteins that resemble yeast ADA2 and share approximately 45% amino acid sequence identity. We previously reported that plants harboring a T-DNA insertion in the ADA2b gene display a dwarf phenotype with developmental defects in several organs. Here we describe T-DNA insertion alleles in the ADA2a gene, which result in no dramatic growth or developmental phenotype. Both ADA2a and ADA2b are expressed in a variety of plant tissues; moreover, expression of ADA2a from a constitutive promoter fails to complement the ada2b-1 mutant phenotype, consistent with the hypothesis that the two proteins have distinct biochemical roles. To further probe the cellular roles of ADA2a and ADA2b, we studied the response of the transcriptional coactivator mutants to abiotic stress. Although ada2b seedlings display hypersensitivity to salt and abscisic acid and altered responses to low temperature stress, the responses of ada2a seedlings to abiotic stress generally parallel those of wildtype plants. Intriguingly, ada2a;ada2b double mutant plants display an intermediate, gcn5-like phenotype, suggesting that ADA2a and ADA2b each work independently with GCN5 to affect genome function in Arabidopsis.

  7. Remolding Diversified Objects in Ada95: Toward A-Object Pattern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Ada provides full capacities of supporting object-orientation,but the diversified objects patterned in Ada are so intricate that Ada95's aim would be demolished. In order to complement the disfigurement that Ada does lack for a pr istine notion of class, this paper presents a remolded object pattern known as A -object, an Ada-based class description language A-ObjAda aiming at support f or A-object pattern and the related approach for key algorithms and implementation . In consequent, A-ObjAda hereby promotes Ada with highlighted object-orientati on , which not only effectively exploits the capacities in Ada95, but also rational ly hides befuddling concepts from Ada95.

  8. AdaNET phase 0 support for the AdaNET Dynamic Software Inventory (DSI) management system prototype. Catalog of available reusable software components

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanley, Lionel

    1989-01-01

    The Ada Software Repository is a public-domain collection of Ada software and information. The Ada Software Repository is one of several repositories located on the SIMTEL20 Defense Data Network host computer at White Sands Missile Range, and available to any host computer on the network since 26 November 1984. This repository provides a free source for Ada programs and information. The Ada Software Repository is divided into several subdirectories. These directories are organized by topic, and their names and a brief overview of their topics are contained. The Ada Software Repository on SIMTEL20 serves two basic roles: to promote the exchange and use (reusability) of Ada programs and tools (including components) and to promote Ada education.

  9. TO ESTIMATE SERUM ADA LEVELS IN BCG VACCINATED CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manjunatha Babu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in both adults and children, especially in developing countries. For prevention of childhood tuberculosis, BCG vaccination is advocated. Protection is attained 4 - 6 weeks after BCG vaccination a nd is mainly due to cell mediated immunity. After BCG vaccination almost 12 to 15% of neonates do not develop scar but have positive cell mediated immune response. ADA estimation is simple and inexpensive method to assess the cell mediated immunity. OBJECT IVE: To estimate serum ADA levels in children with and without BCG scar, after receiving BCG vaccination. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital for a period of 2 years. Babies in post natal ward and infants up to the age of 12 weeks attending well baby clinic for BCG vaccination were included in the study. Serum ADA lev els were estimated before BCG vaccination and 12 - 14 weeks after the vaccination. ADA levels were estimated by colorimetric method. Presence or absence of BCG scar was noted at 12 - 14 weeks of age. RESULTS: A total of 75 babies followed up, of which only 60 babies noted to have scar and in rest 15 babies there was no scar noticed. Twenty unvaccinated babies at 12 weeks of age were included as controls. The Mean ADA levels are significantly elevated after BCG vaccination (34 . 12 ± 3 . 28 U/L in comparison to le vels before vaccination (12 . 55± 2 . 64 U/L with p value 0. 06. CONCLUSION: After BCG vaccination, there is increase in serum ADA levels indicating adequ ate immunity. Increase in ADA levels in children without scar after BCG vaccination may indicate the probability of adequate immunity.

  10. The role of the speech-language pathologist in the schools for the treatment of voice disorders: working within the framework of the individuals with disabilities education improvement act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruddy, Bari Hoffman; Lewis, Vicki; Sapienza, Christine M

    2013-05-01

    The role of the speech-language pathologist (SLP) has developed considerably over the past 20 years given the medical and technological advances in life-sustaining procedures. Children born with congenital, surgical, or "medically fragile" conditions become mainstreamed into regular school-based settings, thus extending the traditional role of the treating SLP and multidisciplinary team. Understanding the impact of associated voice disorders on educational performance requires dissemination of additional and important information, as eligibility decisions for students in school-based settings must be made within the framework of the federal legislation and regulations governing the provision of services for students with disabilities. This article discusses how to identify children with voice disorders under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA), the role of the SLP in various triaging scenarios, and how models of voice therapy can be integrated in a school-based setting.

  11. Should Supported Decision-Making Replace Substituted Decision-Making? The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Coercive Treatment under Queensland’s Mental Health Act 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrine Del Villar

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In 2013, and again in 2014, the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD has recommended that Australia abolish its existing mental health laws which authorise involuntary treatment and detention, and replace them with a regime of supported decision-making. The Australian Law Reform Commission has also recommended the introduction of supported decision-making to replace mental health and guardianship laws. This paper critically evaluates the concepts of autonomy and discrimination and the social model of disability which provide the theoretical underpinning of the CRPD. Focussing on coercive treatment of adults with severe mental illness under Queensland’s Mental Health Act 2000, it then evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of supported decision-making, and concludes that the proposed abolition of involuntary treatment laws is not justified.

  12. 34 CFR 300.4 - Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.4 Act. Act means the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Act. 300.4 Section 300.4 Education Regulations of...

  13. Analysis of Generalization Ability for Different AdaBoost Variants Based on Classification and Regression Trees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuqiong Wu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available As a machine learning method, AdaBoost is widely applied to data classification and object detection because of its robustness and efficiency. AdaBoost constructs a global and optimal combination of weak classifiers based on a sample reweighting. It is known that this kind of combination improves the classification performance tremendously. As the popularity of AdaBoost increases, many variants have been proposed to improve the performance of AdaBoost. Then, a lot of comparison and review studies for AdaBoost variants have also been published. Some researchers compared different AdaBoost variants by experiments in their own fields, and others reviewed various AdaBoost variants by basically introducing these algorithms. However, there is a lack of mathematical analysis of the generalization abilities for different AdaBoost variants. In this paper, we analyze the generalization abilities of six AdaBoost variants in terms of classification margins. The six compared variants are Real AdaBoost, Gentle AdaBoost, Modest AdaBoost, Parameterized AdaBoost, Margin-pruning Boost, and Penalized AdaBoost. Finally, we use experiments to verify our analyses.

  14. An automated quality assessor for Ada object-oriented designs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailin, Sidney C.

    1988-01-01

    A tool for evaluating object-oriented designs (OODs) for Ada software is described. The tool assumes a design expressed as a hierarchy of object diagrams. A design of this type identifies the objects of a system, an interface to each object, and the usage relationships between objects. When such a design is implemented in Ada, objects become packages, interfaces become package specifications, and usage relationships become Ada `with' clauses and package references. An automated quality assessor has been developed that is based on flagging undesirable design constructs. For convenience, distinctions are made among three levels of severity: questionable, undesirable, and hazardous. A questionable construct is one that may well be appropriate. An undesirable construct is one that should be changed because it is potentially harmful to the reliability, maintainability, or reusability of the software. A hazardous construct is one that is undesirable and that introduces a high level of risk.

  15. An Ada run-time control architecture for telerobots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaram, J.; Rodriguez, G.

    1987-01-01

    This paper describes the architecture and Ada language implementation of a process-level run-time control subystem for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) telerobot system. The concept of run-time control in a combined robot-teleoperation environment is examined and the telerobot system at JPL is described. An Ada language implementation of the JPL Telerobot Run-Time Controller (RTC) is described by highlighting the functional behavior of the subsystem, defining the internal modules, and providing a functional flow time sequence of internal module activity.

  16. The development of an Ada programming support environment database: SEAD (Software Engineering and Ada Database), user's manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liaw, Morris; Evesson, Donna

    1988-01-01

    This is a manual for users of the Software Engineering and Ada Database (SEAD). SEAD was developed to provide an information resource to NASA and NASA contractors with respect to Ada-based resources and activities that are available or underway either in NASA or elsewhere in the worldwide Ada community. The sharing of such information will reduce the duplication of effort while improving quality in the development of future software systems. The manual describes the organization of the data in SEAD, the user interface from logging in to logging out, and concludes with a ten chapter tutorial on how to use the information in SEAD. Two appendices provide quick reference for logging into SEAD and using the keyboard of an IBM 3270 or VT100 computer terminal.

  17. Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students with Disabilities: Case Law Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maydosz, Ann; Maydosz, Diane

    2013-01-01

    Despite the fact that disability has been recognized as "a natural part of the human experience" (Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000) and that the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 and its later reauthorizations as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) should have served…

  18. Disability Identity--Disability Pride

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Nicola

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a way of thinking about disability which has emerged out of the UK Disabled People's Movement over the last three decades in opposition to the preceding medical model of disability which viewed disability as synonymous with problem. Disabled people are increasingly challenging the notion that their embodiment is inherently…

  19. 76 FR 72220 - Sunshine Act Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ... Instructor, The Elizabeth M. Boggs Center on Developmental Disabilities, University of Medicine & Dentistry... DISABILITY Sunshine Act Meetings TIME AND DATES: The Members of the National Council on Disability (NCD) will... Supports (CLASS) Program; effective communication strategies for people with disabilities before,...

  20. AdaBoost分类算法的数学分析%The Mathematical Analysis of AdaBoost Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兵

    2014-01-01

    This article provides a gentle introduction to the AdaBoost algorithm, and the mathematical analysis of how to draft classifiers and assign a weight for them, finally form a strong classifier through a set of weak classifiers.%本文对AdaBoost算法进行了介绍,并从整个数学推导过程中分析怎样挑选分类器并设置权值,最终通过一组弱分类器组合构成强分类器。

  1. The Rate of Convergence of AdaBoost

    CERN Document Server

    Mukherjee, Indraneel; Schapire, Robert E

    2011-01-01

    The AdaBoost algorithm was designed to combine many "weak" hypotheses that perform slightly better than random guessing into a "strong" hypothesis that has very low error. We study the rate at which AdaBoost iteratively converges to the minimum of the "exponential loss." Unlike previous work, our proofs do not require a weak-learning assumption, nor do they require that minimizers of the exponential loss are finite. Our first result shows that at iteration $t$, the exponential loss of AdaBoost's computed parameter vector will be at most $\\epsilon$ more than that of any parameter vector of $\\ell_1$-norm bounded by $B$ in a number of rounds that is at most a polynomial in $B$ and $1/\\epsilon$. We also provide lower bounds showing that a polynomial dependence on these parameters is necessary. Our second result is that within $C/\\epsilon$ iterations, AdaBoost achieves a value of the exponential loss that is at most $\\epsilon$ more than the best possible value, where $C$ depends on the dataset. We show that this d...

  2. Preliminary Design of the Ada Programming Support Environment Configuration Manager.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    October 1980. 62 ............................................... 10. Buxton , J. and V. H. Stenning, eds. "Stoneman," Requirements for Ada Programming...18. Stoner, Bill . Logicon. Course EE 5.45, "Software Acquisition," School of Engineering, Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB OH

  3. ADA and multi-microprocessor real-time simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feyock, S.; Collins, W. R.

    1983-01-01

    The selection of a high-order programming language for a real-time distributed network simulation is described. The additional problem of implementing a language on a possibly changing network is addressed. The recently designed language ADA (trademarked by DoD) was chosen since it provides the best model of the underlying application to be simulated.

  4. Meeting the Needs of Youth with Disabilities: Handbook for Implementing Community-Based Vocational Education Programs According to the Fair Labor Standards Act. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cobb, Brian; Halloran, William; Simon, Marlene; Norman, Michael; Bourexis, Patricia

    This handbook provides guidance to schools operating Community-based Vocational Education (CBVE) programs for students with disabilities and encourages the adoption of CBVE programs by schools not presently using this approach. By following the information and examples contained in this handbook, schools can proceed with confidence to operate…

  5. CSF ADENOSINE DEAMINASE (ADA ACTIVITY IN PATIENTS WITH MENINGITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Meningitis is inflammation of the meninges (pia, arachnoid and dura mater covering the brain and the spinal cord. ADA is an enzyme in the purine salvage pathway which is found in abundance in active T-lymphocytes. Hence, an attempt was made to estimate the CSF ADA level in patients with suspected meningitis and throw light on its use in differentiating the various types of meningitis. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To estimate the level of CSF adenosine deaminase level in different types of meningitis. To assess its usefulness in differentiating the various types (bacterial, viral and tuberculous of meningitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was conducted at the medical wards of Govt. Rajaji Hospital, Madurai, a prospective analytical study from a period of April 2012 to September 2012. OBSERVATION AND RESULTS Tuberculous meningitis occurred more in the age group of 21–40 years. Bacterial meningitis was seen mainly in patients < 20 years of age. Viral meningitis was seen in all age groups. CSF ADA level was highest in tuberculous meningitis, the mean value being 24.5 U/L. The mean value of ADA in bacterial meningitis was 4.54 U/L and viral meningitis patients had lowest mean ADA value of 2.65 U/L. CONCLUSION In our study, 50 patients with meningitis admitted in Government Rajaji Hospital from April 2012 to September 2012 were evaluated. Meningitis predominantly affected people in the age group of 20-40 years in our study with a male: female ratio of 1.9:1. Cases of tuberculous meningitis constituted 48% of the study group and bacterial and viral meningitis were 26% each. CSF protein values were higher and sugar values lower in patients with tuberculous and bacterial meningitis. CSF cell counts were higher in patients with bacterial meningitis.

  6. A Pre-Allocation Strategy for Implement ADA95's Distrbuted Computing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    In order to realize distributed computing of Ada95, this paper discusses Ada95's distributed system model and an implement model of Ada95's distributed computing—workstation cluster model. Under this model, we presents a pre-allocation strategy for allocating the computation quantity of distributed units evenly among workstations and also reducing the communication expense between those distributed units.

  7. ELAPSE - NASA AMES LISP AND ADA BENCHMARK SUITE: EFFICIENCY OF LISP AND ADA PROCESSING - A SYSTEM EVALUATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, G. J.

    1994-01-01

    One area of research of the Information Sciences Division at NASA Ames Research Center is devoted to the analysis and enhancement of processors and advanced computer architectures, specifically in support of automation and robotic systems. To compare systems' abilities to efficiently process Lisp and Ada, scientists at Ames Research Center have developed a suite of non-parallel benchmarks called ELAPSE. The benchmark suite was designed to test a single computer's efficiency as well as alternate machine comparisons on Lisp, and/or Ada languages. ELAPSE tests the efficiency with which a machine can execute the various routines in each environment. The sample routines are based on numeric and symbolic manipulations and include two-dimensional fast Fourier transformations, Cholesky decomposition and substitution, Gaussian elimination, high-level data processing, and symbol-list references. Also included is a routine based on a Bayesian classification program sorting data into optimized groups. The ELAPSE benchmarks are available for any computer with a validated Ada compiler and/or Common Lisp system. Of the 18 routines that comprise ELAPSE, provided within this package are 14 developed or translated at Ames. The others are readily available through literature. The benchmark that requires the most memory is CHOLESKY.ADA. Under VAX/VMS, CHOLESKY.ADA requires 760K of main memory. ELAPSE is available on either two 5.25 inch 360K MS-DOS format diskettes (standard distribution) or a 9-track 1600 BPI ASCII CARD IMAGE format magnetic tape. The contents of the diskettes are compressed using the PKWARE archiving tools. The utility to unarchive the files, PKUNZIP.EXE, is included. The ELAPSE benchmarks were written in 1990. VAX and VMS are trademarks of Digital Equipment Corporation. MS-DOS is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.

  8. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Certificate Number: 901112W1. 11116 Cray Research, Inc., Cray Ada Compiler, Release 2.0, Cray X-MP/EA (Host & Target)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-11-12

    9. Summary of parameter types 140 Interlanguage data access for Ada calling C 152 Table 10. Summary of parameter types 141 Pragma INTERFACZ for for... interlanguage programming. The conventions described in this manual apply only to software running on Cray Research systems. You can find descriptions of...these conventions in Interlanguage Programming Conventions, publication SN-3009. Ada also supports callback. A foreign routine can call an Ada routine by

  9. Estimated disability-adjusted life years averted by long-term provision of long acting contraceptive methods in a Brazilian clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahamondes, Luis; Bottura, Bruna F; Bahamondes, M Valeria; Gonçalves, Mayara P; Correia, Vinicius M; Espejo-Arce, Ximena; Sousa, Maria H; Monteiro, Ilza; Fernandes, Arlete

    2014-10-10

    What is the contribution of the provision, at no cost for users, of long acting reversible contraceptive methods (LARC; copper intrauterine device [IUD], the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system [LNG-IUS], contraceptive implants and depot-medroxyprogesterone [DMPA] injection) towards the disability-adjusted life years (DALY) averted through a Brazilian university-based clinic established over 30 years ago. Over the last 10 years of evaluation, provision of LARC methods and DMPA by the clinic are estimated to have contributed to DALY averted by between 37 and 60 maternal deaths, 315-424 child mortalities, 634-853 combined maternal morbidity and mortality and child mortality, and 1056-1412 unsafe abortions averted. LARC methods are associated with a high contraceptive effectiveness when compared with contraceptive methods which need frequent attention; perhaps because LARC methods are independent of individual or couple compliance. However, in general previous studies have evaluated contraceptive methods during clinical studies over a short period of time, or not more than 10 years. Furthermore, information regarding the estimation of the DALY averted is scarce. We reviewed 50 004 medical charts from women who consulted for the first time looking for a contraceptive method over the period from 2 January 1980 through 31 December 2012. Women who consulted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Campinas, Brazil were new users and users switching contraceptive, including the copper IUD (n = 13 826), the LNG-IUS (n = 1525), implants (n = 277) and DMPA (n = 9387). Estimation of the DALY averted included maternal morbidity and mortality, child mortality and unsafe abortions averted. We obtained 29 416 contraceptive segments of use including 25 009 contraceptive segments of use from 20 821 new users or switchers to any LARC method or DMPA with at least 1 year of follow-up. The mean (± SD) age of the women at first consultation ranged from 25

  10. AdaBoost for Improved Voice-Band Signal Classification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A good voice-band signal classification can not only enable the safe application of speech coding techniques,the implementation of a Digital Signal Interpolation (DSI)system, but also facilitate network administration and planning by providing accurate voice-band traffic analysis.A new method is proposed to detect and classify the presence of various voice-band signals on the General Switched Telephone Network ( GSTN ). The method uses a combination of simple base classifiers through the AdaBoost algorithm. The conventional classification features for voiceband data classification are combined and optimized by the AdaBoost algorithm and spectral subtraction method.Experiments show the simpleness, effectiveness, efficiency and flexibility of the method.

  11. AN ADA LINEAR ALGEBRA PACKAGE MODELED AFTER HAL/S

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klumpp, A. R.

    1994-01-01

    This package extends the Ada programming language to include linear algebra capabilities similar to those of the HAL/S programming language. The package is designed for avionics applications such as Space Station flight software. In addition to the HAL/S built-in functions, the package incorporates the quaternion functions used in the Shuttle and Galileo projects, and routines from LINPAK that solve systems of equations involving general square matrices. Language conventions in this package follow those of HAL/S to the maximum extent practical and minimize the effort required for writing new avionics software and translating existent software into Ada. Valid numeric types in this package include scalar, vector, matrix, and quaternion declarations. (Quaternions are fourcomponent vectors used in representing motion between two coordinate frames). Single precision and double precision floating point arithmetic is available in addition to the standard double precision integer manipulation. Infix operators are used instead of function calls to define dot products, cross products, quaternion products, and mixed scalar-vector, scalar-matrix, and vector-matrix products. The package contains two generic programs: one for floating point, and one for integer. The actual component type is passed as a formal parameter to the generic linear algebra package. The procedures for solving systems of linear equations defined by general matrices include GEFA, GECO, GESL, and GIDI. The HAL/S functions include ABVAL, UNIT, TRACE, DET, INVERSE, TRANSPOSE, GET, PUT, FETCH, PLACE, and IDENTITY. This package is written in Ada (Version 1.2) for batch execution and is machine independent. The linear algebra software depends on nothing outside the Ada language except for a call to a square root function for floating point scalars (such as SQRT in the DEC VAX MATHLIB library). This program was developed in 1989, and is a copyrighted work with all copyright vested in NASA.

  12. Extracting Objects from Ada83 Programs: A Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Baowen; ZHOU Yuming

    2001-01-01

    Reengineering legacy systems written in conventional procedural languages to equivalent OO systems makes software more maintainable and reliable. This paper proposes a method for extracting objects from legacy Ada83 systems using module features. First, metrics are developed to measure module cohesion. Then, effects on cohesion from changing module components are analyzed and rules about how to extract inheritance relations among objects are given. At the end of this paper, an object-extracting algorithm using module features is proposed.

  13. The INTEL 432/670 and ADA Performance Benchmarks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    a QUICK.MSE"); with text4-io,imtio~guicksort; use texto -io,intio,quicksort; package body OUICKSORT is procedure SORT(1eft~ri(3ht : in subimt; arg...time and ’fuss’, A knowledge of ADA is assumed, as is familiarity with VMS (e.g. the VMS editor ), Referring back to Figure(63 it can be seen that a

  14. Olimpíadas e geopolítica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Fábio Bertonha

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available

    o artigo trata de competições esportivas,

    em especial as olimpíadas. Nelas, valorizam-se o

    nacionalismo e o poder dos países.

  15. AN ADA LINEAR ALGEBRA PACKAGE MODELED AFTER HAL/S

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klumpp, A. R.

    1994-01-01

    This package extends the Ada programming language to include linear algebra capabilities similar to those of the HAL/S programming language. The package is designed for avionics applications such as Space Station flight software. In addition to the HAL/S built-in functions, the package incorporates the quaternion functions used in the Shuttle and Galileo projects, and routines from LINPAK that solve systems of equations involving general square matrices. Language conventions in this package follow those of HAL/S to the maximum extent practical and minimize the effort required for writing new avionics software and translating existent software into Ada. Valid numeric types in this package include scalar, vector, matrix, and quaternion declarations. (Quaternions are fourcomponent vectors used in representing motion between two coordinate frames). Single precision and double precision floating point arithmetic is available in addition to the standard double precision integer manipulation. Infix operators are used instead of function calls to define dot products, cross products, quaternion products, and mixed scalar-vector, scalar-matrix, and vector-matrix products. The package contains two generic programs: one for floating point, and one for integer. The actual component type is passed as a formal parameter to the generic linear algebra package. The procedures for solving systems of linear equations defined by general matrices include GEFA, GECO, GESL, and GIDI. The HAL/S functions include ABVAL, UNIT, TRACE, DET, INVERSE, TRANSPOSE, GET, PUT, FETCH, PLACE, and IDENTITY. This package is written in Ada (Version 1.2) for batch execution and is machine independent. The linear algebra software depends on nothing outside the Ada language except for a call to a square root function for floating point scalars (such as SQRT in the DEC VAX MATHLIB library). This program was developed in 1989, and is a copyrighted work with all copyright vested in NASA.

  16. Overfitting Reduction of Text Classification Based on AdaBELM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoyue Feng

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Overfitting is an important problem in machine learning. Several algorithms, such as the extreme learning machine (ELM, suffer from this issue when facing high-dimensional sparse data, e.g., in text classification. One common issue is that the extent of overfitting is not well quantified. In this paper, we propose a quantitative measure of overfitting referred to as the rate of overfitting (RO and a novel model, named AdaBELM, to reduce the overfitting. With RO, the overfitting problem can be quantitatively measured and identified. The newly proposed model can achieve high performance on multi-class text classification. To evaluate the generalizability of the new model, we designed experiments based on three datasets, i.e., the 20 Newsgroups, Reuters-21578, and BioMed corpora, which represent balanced, unbalanced, and real application data, respectively. Experiment results demonstrate that AdaBELM can reduce overfitting and outperform classical ELM, decision tree, random forests, and AdaBoost on all three text-classification datasets; for example, it can achieve 62.2% higher accuracy than ELM. Therefore, the proposed model has a good generalizability.

  17. Software tools to aid Pascal and Ada program design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jankowitz, H.T.

    1987-01-01

    This thesis describes a software tool which analyses the style and structure of Pascal and Ada programs by ensuring that some minimum design requirements are fulfilled. The tool is used in much the same way as a compiler is used to teach students the syntax of a language, only in this case issues related to the design and structure of the program are of paramount importance. The tool operates by analyzing the design and structure of a syntactically correct program, automatically generating a report detailing changes that need to be made in order to ensure that the program is structurally sound. The author discusses how the model gradually evolved from a plagiarism detection system which extracted several measurable characteristics in a program to a model that analyzed the style of Pascal programs. In order to incorporate more-sophistical concepts like data abstraction, information hiding and data protection, this model was then extended to analyze the composition of Ada programs. The Ada model takes full advantage of facilities offered in the language and by using this tool the standard and quality of written programs is raised whilst the fundamental principles of program design are grasped through a process of self-tuition.

  18. Subjetividad imaginada : Subjetividad y otredad en el personaje de Ada en Hasta siempre, mujercitas de Marcela Serrano

    OpenAIRE

    Lorentzson, Kim

    2016-01-01

    Abstracto: Mediante la teoría feminista El Segundo Sexo (1949), de la escritora y filósofa francesa Simone de Beauvoir, se analiza la novela Hasta Siempre, Mujercitas (2004) de la escritora chilena Marcela Serrano. El análisis se enfoca en la otredad y la subjetividad en el personaje de Ada, para investigar si es un personaje que actúa como un sujeto libre e independiente o si cae víctima bajo las normas e ideales patriarcales. Palabras claves: Marcela Serrano, Simone de Beauvoir, otredad, tr...

  19. [A criticial view of involuntary hospitalization and patient protection after abolishment of the system of guardianship under the 2011 revision to the act on mental health and welfare for the mentally disabled].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshioka, Ryuuichi

    2014-01-01

    The current system of guardianship is to be abolished under the Revised Mental Health and Welfare Act. Aging patients and changing family structures highlight the need for public services based on parens patriae. The proposed new system of involuntary hospitalization continues to require family member consent, as in civil contracts, and legal authority remains ambiguous, with the government neglecting its responsibility to guarantee inpatient treatment and community services. Many long-term patients are scheduled to be cared for in hospitals more cheaply than is currently the case, and community services are assumed to be funded through those savings, but such services are nothing more than accessories with extra beds. In the long term, it is necessary to consider comprehensive legislation on compulsory treatment and restrictions to freedom related to both physical and mental disorders in the context of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

  20. Teaching the "Invisible" Disabled Students in the Classroom: Disclosure, Inclusion and the Social Model of Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    Drawing on the insights of critical disability studies, this article addresses anxieties frequently articulated by academic staff around the implementation of the United Kingdom's Disability Discrimination Act: how to accommodate the needs of students with "hidden" impairments. Following the social model of disability, it argues that…

  1. Ada/X Window System Bindings: Conversion Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-03-18

    6, Tis mtd wrs well on ons of-any creates a label on the system’s startup form. size , and has several advantages over low-levelmapping: 1. Identify...Label-Text XM.Xm_String_Create_L_To_R( "Welcome to the SABER Post-Processinq System’, XM.Xm STRING DEFAULTCHARSET ) XT.XtMakeArgList ( SIZE => 3, ARGS...about 2000 lines of Ada code) in one week’s worth of work. It was found that Page 9 r FOrm Approved REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE [orm Appr ove PUNK

  2. Automated flare prediction using the AdaBoost algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ru-Shi Lan; Yong Jiang; Liu-Guan Ding; Jian-Wei Yang

    2012-01-01

    We propose a flare prediction method based on the AdaBoost algorithm,which constructs a strong prediction model from a combination of several basic models.Three predictors,extracted from the photospheric magnetograms,are applied as features to predict the occurrence of flares with a certain level over 24 hours following the time when the magnetogram is recorded.To demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method,comparisons of experimental results with respect to some existing methods are given.The results show that an improvement is achieved in predicting the occurrences of large flares.

  3. Large distributed control system using ADA in fusion research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woodruff, J. P., LLNL

    1998-04-21

    Construction of the National Ignition Facility laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory features a large distributed control system constructed using object-oriented software engineering techniques. Control of 60,000 devices is effected using a network of some 500 computers that run software written in Ada and communicating through CORBA. The project has completed its final design review; implementation of the first of five planned increments will be delivered at the end of fiscal year 1998. Preliminary measures of the distributed controls performance confirm the design decisions reported in this paper, and the measurement and supporting simulation of full system performance continue.

  4. Event-based Implicit Invocation Decentralized in Ada

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Nowadays more and more attraction is drawn by the event-basedimplicit invocation - one of useful architectural patterns, because of its loose couplin g between components in the architecture and reactive integration in software sys tems. Analyzing object-oriented interaction with objects, this paper, based upo n the principle of software architecture, presents an approach on event-based ob j ect model with Ada exception handler. Consequently it is possible for us to impr ove, with adding specific architectural patterns, traditional programming langua ges into architectural description languages.

  5. ADaPPT: Enterprise Architecture Thinking for Information Systems Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanifa Shah

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Enterprises have architecture: whether it is visible or invisible is another matter. An enterprises' architecture determines the way in which it works to deliver its business objectives and the way in which it can change to continue to meet its evolving business objectives. Enterprise architectural thinking can facilitate effective strategic planning and information systems development. This paper reviews enterprise architecture (EA and its concepts. It briefly considers EA frameworks. It describes the ADaPPT (Aligning Data, People, Processes and Technology EA approach as a means to managing organisational complexity and change. Future research directions are discussed.

  6. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Certificate Number: 920509S1. 11259 Alenia Aeritalia and Selenia S.p.A DACS VAX/VMS to 80x86 PM MARA Ada Cross Compiler, Version 4.6 Microvax 4000/200 => MARA

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    INTERFACE exc. non ADA ------- v codice ADA exception ADA AH A AI .1 I sistema operativo exc. non ADA ------- - fig. 1- Function Exception Handling is...ASSIGN/NOLOG MYSYSoGRA ADA286_GRAPH $ ASSIGN/NOLOG NODALELABORATION.LNK NODAL ELABORATION $ ADA286/LINK/ LIBR -=MY ALB.ALB/OFD-[ ] / TEMPLATE

  7. Baby Steps: Learn the Signs. Act Early.

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-09-22

    CDC recognized the impact of developmental disabilities and invested in a campaign to help parents measure their children's progress by monitoring how they play, learn, speak, and act. .  Created: 9/22/2008 by National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Division of Human Development and Disability, Child Development Studies Team.   Date Released: 9/23/2008.

  8. TCP-ADaLR: TCP with adaptive delay and loss response for broadband GEO satellite networks

    OpenAIRE

    Omueti, Modupe Omogbohun

    2007-01-01

    Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) performance degrades in broadband geostationary satellite networks due to long propagation delays and high bit error rates. In this thesis, we propose TCP with algorithm modifications for adaptive delay and loss response (TCP-ADaLR) to improve TCP performance. TCP-ADaLR incorporates delayed acknowledgement mechanism recommended for Internet hosts. We evaluate and compare the performance of TCP-ADaLR, TCP SACK, and TCP NewReno, with and without delayed ackno...

  9. Successful reconstitution of immunity in ADA-SCID by stem cell gene therapy following cessation of PEG-ADA and use of mild preconditioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaspar, H Bobby; Bjorkegren, Emma; Parsley, Kate; Gilmour, Kimberly C; King, Doug; Sinclair, Joanna; Zhang, Fang; Giannakopoulos, Aris; Adams, Stuart; Fairbanks, Lynette D; Gaspar, Jane; Henderson, Lesley; Xu-Bayford, Jin Hua; Davies, E Graham; Veys, Paul A; Kinnon, Christine; Thrasher, Adrian J

    2006-10-01

    Gene therapy is a promising treatment option for monogenic diseases, but success has been seen in only a handful of studies thus far. We now document successful reconstitution of immune function in a child with the adenosine deaminase (ADA)-deficient form of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) following hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy. An ADA-SCID child who showed a poor response to PEG-ADA enzyme replacement was enrolled into the clinical study. Following cessation of enzyme replacement therapy, autologous CD34(+) HSCs were transduced with an ADA-expressing gammaretroviral vector. Gene-modified cells were reinfused following one dose of preconditioning chemotherapy. Two years after the procedure, immunological and biochemical correction has been maintained with progressive increase in lymphocyte numbers, reinitiation of thymopoiesis, and systemic detoxification of ADA metabolites. Sustained vector marking with detection of polyclonal vector integration sites in multiple cell lineages and detection of ADA activity in red blood cells suggests transduction of early hematopoietic progenitors. No serious side effects were seen either as a result of the conditioning procedure or due to retroviral insertion. Gene therapy is an effective treatment option for the treatment of ADA-SCID.

  10. ADA3 regulates normal and tumor mammary epithelial cell proliferation through c-MYC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Nicolas I; Sharma, Gayatri; Zhao, Xiangshan; Mirza, Sameer; Srivastava, Shashank; Dave, Bhavana J; Aleskandarany, Mohammed; Rakha, Emad; Mohibi, Shakur; Band, Hamid; Band, Vimla

    2016-11-16

    We have established the critical role of ADA3 as a coactivator of estrogen receptor (ER), as well as its role in cell cycle progression. Furthermore, we showed that ADA3 is predominantly nuclear in mammary epithelium, and in ER+, but is cytoplasmic in ER- breast cancers, the latter correlating with poor survival. However, the role of nuclear ADA3 in human mammary epithelial cells (hMECs), and in ER+ breast cancer cells, as well as the importance of ADA3 expression in relation to patient prognosis and survival in ER+ breast cancer have remained uncharacterized. We overexpressed ADA3 in hMECs or in ER+ breast cancer cells and assessed the effect on cell proliferation. The expression of ADA3 was analyzed then correlated with the expression of various prognostic markers, as well as survival of breast cancer patients. Overexpression of ADA3 in ER- hMECs as well as in ER+ breast cancer cell lines enhanced cell proliferation. These cells showed increased cyclin B and c-MYC, decreased p27 and increased SKP2 levels. This was accompanied by increased mRNA levels of early response genes c-FOS, EGR1, and c-MYC. Analysis of breast cancer tissue specimens showed a significant correlation of ADA3 nuclear expression with c-MYC expression. Furthermore, nuclear ADA3 and c-MYC expression together showed significant correlation with tumor grade, mitosis, pleomorphism, NPI, ER/PR status, Ki67 and p27 expression. Importantly, within ER+ cases, expression of nuclear ADA3 and c-MYC also significantly correlated with Ki67 and p27 expression. Univariate Kaplan Meier analysis of four groups in the whole, as well as the ER+ patients showed that c-MYC and ADA3 combinatorial phenotypes showed significantly different breast cancer specific survival with c-MYC-high and ADA3-Low subgroup had the worst outcome. Using multivariate analyses within the whole cohort and the ER+ subgroups, the significant association of ADA3 and c-MYC expression with patients' outcome was independent of tumor grade

  11. TRW’s Ada Process Model for Incremental Development of Large Software Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    TRW’s Ada Process Model has proven to be key to the Command Center Processing and Display System-Replacement (CCPDS-R) project’s success to data in...developing over 3000,000 lines of Ada source code executing in a distributed VAX VMS environment. The Ada Process Model is, in simplest terms, a...software progress metrics. This paper provides an overview of the techniques and benefits of the Ada Process Model and describes some of the experience and

  12. O tempo na terceira Enéada de Plotino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Schiochett

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Plotino é conhecido pela doutrina das três hipóstases: o Uno, a Inteligência e a Alma. Enquanto neoplatônico, sua doutrina é pensada a partir da visão platônica do mundo. Todavia, na terceira Enéada o filósofo se põe a discutir longamente a concepção antiga do tempo, fortemente devedora da doutrina aristotélica. Plotino, ao seu modo, consegue reinterpretar e adequar a noção aristotélica do tempo à concepção de mundo platônica. O tempo, para Plotino, por um lado, permanece referido ao movimento, concordando com Aristóteles, e por outro, é imagem de uma outra forma mais perfeira, a eternidade, concordando com a divisão do mundo em sensivel e supra-sensível de Platão. Por conseguir compreender o tempo a partir desses dois registros, o platônico e o aristotélico, Plotino figura como um ponto importante para se compreender as teorias do tempo que vieram depois dele, principalmente a de Santo Agostinho. Nosso ensaio pretende discutir a noção de tempo em Plotino, a partir da terceira Enéada, a fim de fornecer instrumentos para tal compreensão.

  13. 34 CFR 303.6 - Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS AND TODDLERS WITH DISABILITIES General Purpose... Disabilities Education Act. (Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1400) ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Act. 303.6 Section 303.6 Education Regulations of...

  14. Autoimmune dysregulation and purine metabolism in adenosine deaminase (ADA-deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aisha Vanessa Sauer

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Genetic defects in the adenosine deaminase (ADA gene are among the most common causes for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID. ADA-SCID patients suffer from lymphopenia, severely impaired cellular and humoral immunity, failure to thrive and recurrent infections. Currently available therapeutic options for this otherwise fatal disorder include bone marrow transplantation (BMT, enzyme replacement therapy with bovine ADA (PEG-ADA or hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy (HSC-GT. Although varying degrees of immune reconstitution can be achieved by these treatments, breakdown of tolerance is a major concern in ADA-SCID. Immune dysregulation such as autoimmune hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus, hemolytic anemia, and immune thrombocytopenia are frequently observed in milder forms of the disease. However, several reports document similar complications also in patients on long-term PEG-ADA and after BMT or GT treatment.A skewed repertoire and decreased immune functions have been implicated in autoimmunity observed in certain B-cell and/or T-cell immunodeficiencies, but it remains unclear to what extent specific mechanisms of tolerance are affected in ADA deficiency. Herein we provide an overview about ADA-SCID and the autoimmune manifestations reported in these patients before and after treatment. We also assess the value of the ADA-deficient mouse model as a useful tool to study both immune and metabolic disease mechanisms. With focus on regulatory T and B cells we discuss the lymphocyte subpopulations particularly prone to contribute to the loss of self-tolerance and onset of autoimmunity in ADA deficiency. Moreover we address which aspects of immune dysregulation are specifically related to alterations in purine metabolism caused by the lack of ADA and the subsequent accumulation of metabolites with immunomodulatory properties.

  15. Hyperbilirubinemia and rapid fatal hepatic failure in severe combined immunodeficiency caused by adenosine deaminase deficiency (ADA-SCID).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kühl, J S; Schwarz, K; Münch, A; Schmugge, M; Pekrun, A; Meisel, C; Wahn, V; Ebell, W; von Bernuth, H

    2011-03-01

    Adenosin deaminase (ADA) deficiency is the cause for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) in about 15% of patients with SCID, often presenting as T (-)B (-)NK (-)SCID. Treatment options for ADA-SCID are enzyme replacement, bone marrow transplantation or gene therapy. We here describe the first patient with ADA-SCID and fatal hepatic failure despite bone marrow transplantation from a 10/10 HLA identical related donor. As patients with ADA-SCID may be at yet underestimated increased risk for rapid hepatic failure we speculate whether hepatitis in ADA-SCID should lead to the immediate treatment with enzyme replacement by pegylated ADA.

  16. Towards a rAAV-based gene therapy for ADA-SCID: from ADA deficiency to current and future treatment strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, Jared N; Flotte, Terence R

    2008-07-01

    Adenosine deaminase deficiency fosters a rare, devastating pediatric immune deficiency with concomitant opportunistic infections, metabolic anomalies and multiple organ system pathology. The standard of care for adenosine deaminase deficient severe combined immune deficiency (ADA-SCID) includes enzyme replacement therapy or bone marrow transplantation. Gene therapies for ADA-SCID over nearly two decades have exclusively involved retroviral vectors targeted to lymphocytes and hematopoetic progenitors. These groundbreaking gene therapies represent a revolution in clinical medicine, but come with several challenges, including the risk of insertional mutagenesis. An alternative gene therapy for ADA-SCID may utilize recombinant adeno-associated virus vectors in vivo, with numerous target tissues, to foster ectopic expression and secretion of adenosine deaminase. This review endeavors to describe ADA-SCID, the traditional treatments, previous retroviral gene therapies, and primarily, alternative recombinant adeno-associated virus-based strategies to remedy this potentially fatal genetic disease.

  17. Carrier frequency of a nonsense mutation in the adenosine deaminase (ADA) gene implies a high incidence of ADA-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) in Somalia and a single, common haplotype indicates common ancestry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, Juan J; Monaghan, Gemma; Børsting, Claus; Norbury, Gail; Morling, Niels; Gaspar, H Bobby

    2007-05-01

    Inherited adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency is a rare metabolic disorder that causes immunodeficiency, varying from severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) in the majority of cases to a less severe form in a small minority of patients. Five patients of Somali origin from four unrelated families, with severe ADA-SCID, were registered in the Greater London area. Patients and their parents were investigated for the nonsense mutation Q3X (ADA c7C>T), two missense mutations K80R (ADA c239A>G) and R142Q (ADA c425G>A), and a TAAA repeat located at the 3' end of an Alu element (AluVpA) positioned 1.1 kb upstream of the ADA transcription start site. All patients were homozygous for the haplotype ADA-7T/ADA-239G/ADA-425G/AluVpA7. Among 207 Somali immigrants to Denmark, the frequency of ADA c7C>T and the maximum likelihood estimate of the frequency of the haplotype ADA-7T/ADA-239G/ADA-425G/AluVpA7 were both 0.012 (carrier frequency 2.4%). Based on the analysis of AluVpA alleles, the ADA c7C/T mutation was estimated to be approximately 7,100 years old. Approximately 1 out of 5 - 10000 Somali children will be born with ADA deficiency due to an ADA c7C/T mutation, although within certain clans the frequency may be significantly higher. ADA-SCID may be a frequent immunodeficiency disorder in Somalia, but will be underdiagnosed due to the prevailing socioeconomic and nutritional deprivation.

  18. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Siemens AG Siemens BS2000 Ada Compiler, Version 1.0 Siemens 7.57OP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-02-26

    STD-]815A, FEB 1983. 2. Ada Validation Organization: Policies and Procedures, MITRE Corporation , JUN 1982, PB 83-110601. 3. Ada Compiler Validation...expression’s suhtyne is comnatible with the target’s sub- type. In assigning two-dimensional array types, the expression does not appear to be evaluated...owner’s corporate name. Siemens Aktiengesellschaft -- 7 ,Spa . ’. ’.,,,, .- ’.% ’ " ’ ,-.-,ŗ’/ ,’,’ ’ ’,,- ’ % 3

  19. Intellectual disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... mercury, and other toxins reduces the risk of disability. Teaching women about the risks of alcohol and drugs during ... 2013;33-41. Shapiro BK, Batshaw ML. Intellectual disability. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, ... Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also ...

  20. 基于AdaCostBoost算法的网络钓鱼检测%Phishing Detection System Based on AdaCostBoost Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾传璜; 李思强; 张小红

    2015-01-01

    针对日益严重的网络钓鱼攻击,提出机器学习的方法进行钓鱼网站的检测和判断。首先,根据URL提取敏感特征,然后,采用AdaBoost算法进行训练出分类器,再用训练好的分类器对未知URL检测识别。最后,针对非平衡代价问题,采用了改进后的 AdaBoost 算法--AdaCostBoost,加入代价因子的计算。实验结果表明,文中提出的网络钓鱼检测方法,具有较优的检测性能。%For increasing serious phishing attacks, machine-learning method is proposed to detect phishing webs. Firstly, sensitive features are extracted from the URL, then, using AdaBoost algorithm to get the trained classifier, and then the classifier is used to detect unknown URLs. Finally, considering of non-equilibrium problems of AdaBoost, the paper puts forward the improved learning algorithm called AdaCostBoost, which contains computation of cost factors. According to the experiment result, the proposed phishing detection method has better detection performance.

  1. Cartalk 2000: development of a co-operative ADAS based on vehicle-to-vehicle communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morsink, P.L.J.; Hallouzi, R.; Dagli, I.; Cseh, C.; Schäfers, L.; Nelisse, M.W.; Bruin, D. de

    2003-01-01

    Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) benefit from using vehicle-to-vehicle communication. In the 5th framework EC project CarTALK2000 co-operative ADAS are designed, tested and evaluated with respect to increasing traffic safety, efficiency and driving comfort. Communication based longitudinal

  2. The G22A Polymorphism of the ADA Gene and Susceptibility to Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hettinger, Joe A.; Liu, Xudong; Holden, Jeanette Jeltje Anne

    2008-01-01

    Inborn errors of purine metabolism have been implicated as a cause for some cases of autism. This hypothesis is supported by the finding of decreased adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity in the sera of some children with autism and reports of an association of the A allele of the ADA G22A (Asp8Asn) polymorphism in individuals with autism of…

  3. The "Ada" Verb of Being in Bahasa Malaysia. Colorado Research in Linguistics, No. 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mader, Robin

    This paper examines the various syntactic and semantic functions of the "ada" verb of "being" in Malay. The claim is made that there is an abstract uppermost "ada" in the underlying structure of Malay sentences that asserts or denies the truth of the surface main clause. A further claim is made that the…

  4. Clinical utility of interferon-γ compared to ADA in tuberculous pleural effusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nariman A. Helmy

    2012-10-01

    Result: Our results demonstrate that the pleural fluid concentrations of ADA, INF-γ in patients with tuberculous pleural effusions are significantly higher than in other effusions. Most importantly, ROC analysis clearly demonstrated ADA to be more sensitive and specific than INF-γ for diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis.

  5. Large distributed control system using Ada in fusion research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Arsdall, P J; Woodruff, J P

    1998-08-11

    Construction of the National Ignition Facility laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory features a distributed control system that uses object-oriented software engineering techniques. Control of 60,000 devices is effected using a network of some 500 computers. The software is being written in Ada and communicates through CORBA. Software controls are implemented in two layers: individual device controllers and a supervisory layer. The software architecture provides services in the form of frameworks that address issues common to event-driven control systems. Those services are allocated to levels that strictly prescribe their interdependency so the levels are separately reusable. The project has completed its final design review. The delivery of the first increment takes place in October 1998. Keywords Distributed control system, object-oriented development, CORBA, application frameworks, levels of abstraction

  6. O tempo na terceira Enéada de Plotino

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Schiochett

    2009-01-01

    Plotino é conhecido pela doutrina das três hipóstases: o Uno, a Inteligência e a Alma. Enquanto neoplatônico, sua doutrina é pensada a partir da visão platônica do mundo. Todavia, na terceira Enéada o filósofo se põe a discutir longamente a concepção antiga do tempo, fortemente devedora da doutrina aristotélica. Plotino, ao seu modo, consegue reinterpretar e adequar a noção aristotélica do tempo à concepção de mundo platônica. O tempo, para Plotino, por um lado, permanece referido ao moviment...

  7. The implementation and use of Ada on distributed systems with reliability requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, P. F.; Knight, J. C.; Urquhart, J. I. A.

    1983-01-01

    The issues involved in the use of the programming language Ada on distributed systems are discussed. The effects of Ada programs on hardware failures such as loss of a processor are emphasized. It is shown that many Ada language elements are not well suited to this environment. Processor failure can easily lead to difficulties on those processors which remain. As an example, the calling task in a rendezvous may be suspended forever if the processor executing the serving task fails. A mechanism for detecting failure is proposed and changes to the Ada run time support system are suggested which avoid most of the difficulties. Ada program structures are defined which allow programs to reconfigure and continue to provide service following processor failure.

  8. Carrier frequency of a nonsense mutation in the adenosine deaminase (ADA) gene implies a high incidence of ADA-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) in Somalia and a single, common haplotype indicates common ancestry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanchez Sanchez, Juan Jose; Monaghan, Gemma; Børsting, Claus

    2007-01-01

    , with severe ADA-SCID, were registered in the Greater London area. Patients and their parents were investigated for the nonsense mutation Q3X (ADA c7C>T), two missense mutations K80R (ADA c239A>G) and R142Q (ADA c425G>A), and a TAAA repeat located at the 3' end of an Alu element (AluVpA) positioned 1.1 kb...

  9. Adolescents with Intellectual Disability and Suicidal Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joav Merrick

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available It has been assumed that impaired intellectual capacity could act as a buffer to suicidality in the population of children and adolescents with intellectual disability. The few studies that have been conducted contest this assumption, and in fact, the findings showed that the characteristics of suicidality in the population of children and adolescents with intellectual disability are very similar to other adolescents without intellectual disability. This paper reviews the few studies conducted and describe the symptomatology in this population.

  10. Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the Vamoosa-Ada aquifer in east-central Oklahoma

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set consists of digitized polygons of constant hydraulic conductivity values for the Vamoosa-Ada aquifer in east-central Oklahoma. The Vamoosa-Ada aquifer...

  11. Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the Vamoosa-Ada aquifer in east-central Oklahoma

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set consists of digitized water-level elevation contours for the Vamoosa-Ada aquifer in east-central Oklahoma. The Vamoosa-Ada aquifer is an important...

  12. Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the Vamoosa-Ada aquifer in east-central Oklahoma

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set consists of digitized polygons of constant recharge values for the Vamoosa-Ada aquifer, in east-central Oklahoma. The Vamoosa-Ada aquifer is an...

  13. Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the Vamoosa-Ada aquifer in east-central Oklahoma

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set consists of digitized aquifer boundaries for the Vamoosa-Ada aquifer in east-central Oklahoma. The Vamoosa-Ada aquifer is an important source of water...

  14. 腺苷脱氨酶(ADA)微量测定法的研究%Reseach on ADA Microtiter Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯超; 王新宁

    2003-01-01

    目的:设计一种用于检测腺苷脱氨酶微量(ADA)的微量检测方法.方法:通过对实验方法的改进,利用酶标仪进行比色.结果:将微量法所得结果(大于50 U/L的标本需稀释后重新测定)与常规的比色法进行配对比较下,两方法无显著性差异,t=1.51,0.10<P<0.20.结论:在常规工作中可用微量法替代氨试剂比色法,若遇到大于50U/L的标本,稀释后再进行测定.

  15. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) within Psychological Rehabilitation of Disabilities%接纳与承诺疗法在残疾人心理康复中的作用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝卓宏

    2013-01-01

    Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is one of the most representative experiential behavior therapies in the new generation of Cognitive and Behavior Therapy, named as“contextual cognitive behavioral therapy”. The theoretical foundation of ACT is Relational Frame Theory (RFT) based on the philosophy of functional contextualism, which suggests that the main psychological problem derived from verbal and cognitive interaction with environment, leading to behaviors contrary to long-term values and psychological inflexibility. ACT aims to enhance the psychological flexibility in order to help clients devote to valuable and meaningful live, with mindfulness, acceptance, defusion, self as context, value and committed action as well as flexible treatment techniques. The author reviewed the philosophy background, theoretical foundation, psychopathology, therapeutic model, and effectiveness of rehabilitation with disabilities, so as to promote a better understanding of the new cognitive and behavior therapy as well as the significance and value of the new approach with cancer patients.%接纳与承诺疗法是新一代认知行为疗法中具有代表性的经验性行为治疗方法。以功能性语境主义为哲学背景,以关系框架理论为理论基础,认为人类主要的心理问题源于语言或认知与生活环境之间的交互作用方式,导致人们有悖于长期价值观的行为及心理上的不灵活。通过正念、接纳、认知解离、以自我为背景、明确价值和承诺行动等过程以及灵活多样的治疗技术,帮助来访者增强心理灵活性,投入有价值、有意义的生活。对于患者和残疾人具有较好的临床治疗效果。

  16. Technology, Disability, and Law: Then and Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalsen, Jennifer

    2017-01-01

    Disability law and technology services share a rich history. This article investigates this transformative relationship through the contextual framework of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. A summary of legal cases, accommodation services, and barriers to access are explored. This includes an overview of the challenges facing…

  17. What Are the Symptoms of Learning Disabilities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of that disability. Children being taught in a second language that they are learning sometimes act in ways that are similar to ... account whether a student is bilingual or a second language learner. Below are some common learning disabilities and the signs associated with them: Dyslexia ...

  18. Learning Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... NICHD) See all related organizations Publications Problemas de aprendizaje Order NINDS Publications Patient Organizations CHADD - Children and ... NICHD) See all related organizations Publications Problemas de aprendizaje Order NINDS Publications Definition Learning disabilities are disorders ...

  19. Regulation of adenosine deaminase (ADA) on induced mouse experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) ‡

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Dongchun; Zuo, Aijun; Zhao, Ronglan; Shao, Hui; Kaplan, Henry J.; Sun, Deming

    2016-01-01

    Adenosine is an important regulator of the immune response and adenosine deaminase (ADA) inhibits this regulatory effect by converting adenosine into functionally inactive molecules. Studies have shown that adenosine receptor (AR) agonists can be either anti- or pro-inflammatory. Clarification of the mechanisms that cause these opposing effects should provide a better guide for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we investigated the effect of ADA on the development of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) induced by immunizing EAU-prone mice with a known uveitogenic peptide, IRBP1–20. Our results showed that the effective time to administer a single dose of ADA to suppress induction of EAU was 8–14 days post-immunization, shortly before EAU expression, but ADA treatment at other time points exacerbated disease. ADA preferentially inhibited Th17 responses and this effect was γδ T cell-dependent. Our results demonstrated that the existing immune status strongly influences the anti- or proinflammatory effects of ADA. Our observations should help improve the design of ADA- and AR-targeted therapies. PMID:26856700

  20. Disabilities: A literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamarudin H.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Physical barriers may hamper persons with disabilities (PWDs movement in built environment. The needs of physical barrier- free environment are internationally acknowledged. This study explores the Malaysian scenario on access and facilities for PWDs by reviewing relevant legislation and guidelines, and literatures that examined the access and facilities provided in public buildings. This study identifies that Malaysia has plays its roles by establishing the relevant acts and legislation on PWDs needs and requirements. Nevertheless, previous studies on PWDs in Malaysia, demonstrated that there are still lacking on the implementation of the practice towards the acts and legislations. This study suggests that the application of the acts and legislation should be comprehensive covering all types of public buildings in Malaysia. In addition, enforcement by the local authorities and government agencies is crucial in order to successfully creating a barrier-free environment for all.

  1. 20 CFR 410.473 - Evidence of continuation of disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Evidence of continuation of disability. 410... SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to Pneumoconiosis § 410.473 Evidence of continuation of disability. An individual who has been determined to be totally...

  2. Assessment and Accountability for Programs Serving Young Children with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hebbeler, Kathleen; Barton, Lauren R.; Mallik, Sangeeta

    2008-01-01

    States currently are in the process of developing child and family outcome measurement systems for young children with disabilities to meet federal data reporting requirements for the Part C (Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities) and Part B Preschool Grants program supported through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. This article…

  3. Disability Images and the Art of Theorizing Normality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titchkosky, Tanya

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses the power of images of disability as a way to examine how such images can be read as reproducing normality. By image of disability, I mean "any" appearance of disability made through the social act of interpretation. In this paper, I conduct an interpretive sociological analysis of common and even mundane everyday images of…

  4. 基于改进的AdaBoost人脸检测算法的研究%Research on Face Detection Based on Improved AdaBoost Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁知平

    2013-01-01

    Face detection is a fundamental research theme in the topic of computer vision ,and it has a broad application in many fields such as video surveillance,automatic face recognition,etc. To improve the detection speed of AdaBoost based face detection algorithm, proposes a rapid im-proved AdaBoost based face detection algorithm. Experiments shows that, compared with the current algorithm less features are selected in the inspection, and a high detection correct rate is achieved with the proposed algorithm.%  人脸检测是计算机视觉领域的基础研究,在视频监控、自动人脸识别等领域有着重要应用价值。针对传统的AdaBoost算法用于人脸检测时需要的特征数目多、检测速度慢的问题,提出一种基于改进的AdaBoost人脸检测算法。实验结果表明,相对于传统的AdaBoost人脸检测算法,该算法使用较少的特征即可达到较高的检测准确率,检测速度得到显著提高。

  5. Disability Insurance Is Part of the Solution, Not a Cause of Work Disability: Response to Burkhauser and Daly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reno, Virginia P.; Ekman, Lisa D.

    2012-01-01

    Burkhauser and Daly claim that Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is growing at an unsustainable rate and has depressed employment rates and incomes of people with disabilities following enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act in 1990. In the authors' view, SSDI is sustainable and affordable, despite increasing prevalence of…

  6. Ada compiler evaluation on the Space Station Freedom Software Support Environment project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badal, D. L.

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes the work in progress to select the Ada compilers for the Space Station Freedom Program (SSFP) Software Support Environment (SSE) project. The purpose of the SSE Ada compiler evaluation team is to establish the criteria, test suites, and benchmarks to be used for evaluating Ada compilers for the mainframes, workstations, and the realtime target for flight- and ground-based computers. The combined efforts and cooperation of the customer, subcontractors, vendors, academia and SIGAda groups made it possible to acquire the necessary background information, benchmarks, test suites, and criteria used.

  7. CITY GROUND DESIGN AND THE IMAGE OF THE CITY: THE PORTUGUESE CALÇADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoni Remesar

    2014-10-01

    The pavement-form - including the "calçada-form"-is at the root of some of the flagship operations creating the image of the city (Havana, 1928; Alicante, 1957; the Ramblas in Barcelona, 1969; reform of the Avenida Atlantica in Rio by Burle Marx, 1970. However, these same operations show that the "form-calçada" does not meet many of the requirements of economy, security or universal accessibility required by the contemporary city. In the paper was to analyze the causes and reasons that hover over the announced death of calçada á Portugueza.

  8. Leadership and learning disability nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jukes, Mark; Aspinall, Susan-Louise

    Leadership is seen as critical for the transformation of learning disability services and has been further emphasised since the publication of Transforming Care, the Department of Health's response to the review of events at Winterbourne View. What is clear within learning disability nursing and services is the demand for leadership in the quest for improving the quality and effectiveness of services across health and social care. This article discusses the challenges for the undergraduate learning disability nurse with the recommendation to pursue a framework that promotes and focuses on integrating knowledge transfer into services for people with a learning disability. It explores practice change using the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARiHS) framework, and the example of the involvement of service users in practitioner training on the Mental Capacity Act 2005 and consent and capacity to consent for treatment.

  9. Are Principals Ready to Welcome Children with Disabilities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Bronte H.

    2008-01-01

    In 1990, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act rededicated the provisions of PL 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, providing that all children with disabilities be afforded a free, appropriate, public education in the least restrictive environment. In 2004, it was renamed the Individuals with Disabilities…

  10. Employment Discrimination Law for the Learning Disabled Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, Paul David

    1992-01-01

    This article delineates legal protections prohibiting employment discrimination of individuals with learning disabilities. The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Title V) and Americans with Disabilities Act (Title I) are described, fundamental concepts are discussed, and strategies are presented for ensuring that these laws are relied upon appropriately…

  11. 四元数小波和AdaBoost在人脸识别中的应用%Application of quaternion wavelet and AdaBoost in face recognition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐永红; 申鸿魁; 赵艳茹; 洪文学

    2011-01-01

    提出一种基于四元数小波变换(QWT)幅值相位表示及AdaBoost的人脸识别方法.四元数小波变换具有近似的移不变特性,可以同时支持1个幅值和3个相位,其中两个相位编码局部图像移动,而第三个相位蕴含纹理信息.方法对人脸图像进行预处理,进行四元数小波变换并计算四元数幅值和相位特征,将这些幅值和相位组合并应用AdaBoost分类器进行分类,以实现人脸图像的最终识别.对Yale、ORL和FERET三个人脸数据库应用此方法的实验结果表明,该方法在识别率上优于AdaBoost和Gabor+AdaBoost.特别是在FERET数据上精度提高更为明显,而且在计算复杂度上QWT特征提取明显低于Gabor特征提取.%This paper proposes a face recognition method based on the Quaternion Wavelet Transform (QWT) magnitude/ phase representation and AdaBoost.This recent transform is a near shift-invariant tight frame representation whose coefficients support a magnitude and three phases.The first two QWT phases encode the shifts of image features in the absolute horizon tal/vertical coordinate system, while the third phase encodes edge orientation mixtures and textural information.The method preprocesses human face images, uses QWT to extract the wavelet coefficients of muIti-orientation, and quaternion amplitude and three phases are computed.These quaternion amplitude and phase features are combined and AdaBoost is used to realize recognition.Experimental resuIts on three face databases including Yale, ORL and FERET show that the method has higher recognition rates than AdaBoost and Gabor+AdaBoost.This method has much better recognizing resuIt on FERET especially. Compared with Gabor wavelet features,QWT features are superior both in accuracy and computation complexity.

  12. System testing of a production Ada (trademark) project: The GRODY study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seigle, Jeffrey; Esker, Linda; Shi, Ying-Liang

    1990-01-01

    The use of the Ada language and design methodologies that utilize its features has a strong impact on all phases of the software development project lifecycle. At the National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC), the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) conducted an experiment in parallel development of two flight dynamics systems in FORTRAN and Ada. The teams found some qualitative differences between the system test phases of the two projects. Although planning for system testing and conducting of tests were not generally affected by the use of Ada, the solving of problems found in system testing was generally facilitated by Ada constructs and design methodology. Most problems found in system testing were not due to difficulty with the language or methodology but to lack of experience with the application.

  13. The implementation and use of Ada on distributed systems with high reliability requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, J. C.

    1987-01-01

    Performance analysis was begin on the Ada implementations. The goal is to supply the system designer with tools that will allow a rational decision to be made about whether a particular implementation can support a given application early in the design cycle. Primary activities were: analysis of the original approach to recovery in distributed Ada programs using the Advanced Transport Operating System (ATOPS) example; review and assessment of the original approach which was found to be capable of improvement; preparation and presentation of a paper at the 1987 Washington DC Ada Symposium; development of a refined approach to recovery that is presently being applied to the ATOPS example; and design and development of a performance assessment scheme for Ada programs based on a flexible user-driven benchmarking system.

  14. 12 CFR 268.203 - Rehabilitation Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rehabilitation Act. 268.203 Section 268.203... Rehabilitation Act. (a) Model employer. The Board shall be a model employer of individuals with disabilities. The... Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (29 U.S.C. 791), has been violated in a complaint alleging...

  15. A-D-A small molecules for solution-processed organic photovoltaic cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Wang; Wan, Xiangjian; Li, Miaomiao; Wang, Yunchuang; Chen, Yongsheng

    2015-03-25

    A-D-A small molecules have drawn more and more attention in solution-processed organic solar cells due to the advantages of a diversity of structures, easy control of energy levels, etc. Recently, a power conversion efficiency of nearly 10% has been achieved through careful material design and device optimization. This feature article reviews recent representative progress in the design and application of A-D-A small molecules in organic photovoltaic cells.

  16. Particular application of methods of AdaBoost and LBP to the problems of computer vision

    OpenAIRE

    Волошин, Микола Володимирович

    2012-01-01

    The application of AdaBoost method and local binary pattern (LBP) method for different spheres of computer vision implementation, such as personality identification and computer iridology, is considered in the article. The goal of the research is to develop error-correcting methods and systems for implements of computer vision and computer iridology, in particular. This article considers the problem of colour spaces, which are used as a filter and as a pre-processing of images. Method of AdaB...

  17. A study of the portability of an Ada system in the software engineering laboratory (SEL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, Linda O.; Valett, Susan Ray

    1990-01-01

    A particular porting effort is discussed, and various statistics on analyzing the portability of Ada and the total staff months (overall and by phase) required to accomplish the rehost, are given. This effort is compared to past experiments on the rehosting of FORTRAN systems. The discussion includes an analysis of the types of errors encountered during the rehosting, the changes required to rehost the system, experiences with the Alsys IBM Ada compiler, the impediments encountered, and the lessons learned during this study.

  18. Regulation of adenosine deaminase (ADA) on induced mouse experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) ?

    OpenAIRE

    Liang, Dongchun; Zuo, Aijun; Zhao, Ronglan; Shao, Hui; Kaplan, Henry J.; Sun, Deming

    2016-01-01

    Adenosine is an important regulator of the immune response and adenosine deaminase (ADA) inhibits this regulatory effect by converting adenosine into functionally inactive molecules. Studies have shown that adenosine receptor (AR) agonists can be either anti- or pro-inflammatory. Clarification of the mechanisms that cause these opposing effects should provide a better guide for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we investigated the effect of ADA on the development of experimental autoim...

  19. Confidence-based multiclass AdaBoost for physical activity monitoring

    OpenAIRE

    Reiss, Attila; Hendeby, Gustaf; Stricker, Didier

    2013-01-01

    Physical activity monitoring has recently become an important topic in wearable computing, motivated by e.g. healthcare applications. However, new benchmark results show that the difficulty of the complex classification problems exceeds the potential of existing classifiers. Therefore, this paper proposes the ConfAdaBoost.M1 algorithm. The proposed algorithm is a variant of the AdaBoost.M1 that incorporates well established ideas for confidence based boosting. The method is compared to the mo...

  20. 78 FR 57324 - Assistance to States for the Education of Children With Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-18

    ... CFR Part 300 RIN 1820-AB65 Assistance to States for the Education of Children With Disabilities AGENCY... with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA or Act). These regulations govern the Assistance to States for the Education of Children with Disabilities program. The Secretary seeks public comment on...

  1. The Law and the IEP: Establishing and Maintaining High Expectations for Deaf Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, Michael; Theoharis, Raschelle

    2014-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) have significant implications for students with and without disabilities. Despite extensive research, journal articles, editorials, media coverage, and litigation, deaf and hard of hearing students with additional disabilities continue to be…

  2. 75 FR 27327 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-14

    ... underutilization of supported employment services. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 30(3), 182-188. Dew, D.W... Rehabilitation. Journal of Rehabilitation, 74(1), 56-63. Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended. 29 U.S.C. 701 et... National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and......

  3. Combinatorial depletion analysis to assemble the network architecture of the SAGA and ADA chromatin remodeling complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kenneth K; Sardiu, Mihaela E; Swanson, Selene K; Gilmore, Joshua M; Torok, Michael; Grant, Patrick A; Florens, Laurence; Workman, Jerry L; Washburn, Michael P

    2011-07-05

    Despite the availability of several large-scale proteomics studies aiming to identify protein interactions on a global scale, little is known about how proteins interact and are organized within macromolecular complexes. Here, we describe a technique that consists of a combination of biochemistry approaches, quantitative proteomics and computational methods using wild-type and deletion strains to investigate the organization of proteins within macromolecular protein complexes. We applied this technique to determine the organization of two well-studied complexes, Spt-Ada-Gcn5 histone acetyltransferase (SAGA) and ADA, for which no comprehensive high-resolution structures exist. This approach revealed that SAGA/ADA is composed of five distinct functional modules, which can persist separately. Furthermore, we identified a novel subunit of the ADA complex, termed Ahc2, and characterized Sgf29 as an ADA family protein present in all Gcn5 histone acetyltransferase complexes. Finally, we propose a model for the architecture of the SAGA and ADA complexes, which predicts novel functional associations within the SAGA complex and provides mechanistic insights into phenotypical observations in SAGA mutants.

  4. Constructing a working taxonomy of functional Ada software components for real-time embedded system applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Robert

    1986-01-01

    A major impediment to a systematic attack on Ada software reusability is the lack of an effective taxonomy for software component functions. The scope of all possible applications of Ada software is considered too great to allow the practical development of a working taxonomy. Instead, for the purposes herein, the scope of Ada software application is limited to device and subsystem control in real-time embedded systems. A functional approach is taken in constructing the taxonomy tree for identified Ada domain. The use of modular software functions as a starting point fits well with the object oriented programming philosophy of Ada. Examples of the types of functions represented within the working taxonomy are real time kernels, interrupt service routines, synchronization and message passing, data conversion, digital filtering and signal conditioning, and device control. The constructed taxonomy is proposed as a framework from which a need analysis can be performed to reveal voids in current Ada real-time embedded programming efforts for Space Station.

  5. The Educational Attainment Process Among Adolescents with Disabilities And Children of Parents with Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shandra, Carrie L; Hogan, Dennis P

    2009-11-01

    This article uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97) to examine the relationship between disability, parental and youth university expectations in 1997, and youth high school completion and university enrolment by 2003. Results indicate that educational attainment is not equal for young adults with and without disabilities in the United States. Parents-but not adolescents-are likely to reduce their educational expectations when adolescents have a mild or serious disability, net of school performance. These parental-but not adolescent-expectations are significantly associated with high school completion. Finally, even after controlling for educational expectations and school performance, youth with serious disabilities are much less likely to graduate from high school than youth without disabilities. Despite the considerable strides made in the implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, students with disabilities are not achieving educational parity in graded schooling.

  6. Age and disability: explaining the wage differential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gannon, Brenda; Munley, Margaret

    2009-07-01

    This paper estimates the level of explained and unexplained factors that contribute to the wage gap between workers with and without disabilities, providing benchmark estimates for Ireland. It separates out the confounding impact of productivity differences between disabled and non-disabled, by comparing wage differentials across three groups, disabled with limitations, disabled without limitations and non-disabled. Furthermore, data are analysed for the years 1995-2001 and two sub-samples pre and post 1998 allow us to decompose wage differentials before and after the Employment Equality Act 1998. Results are comparable to those of the UK and the unexplained component (upper bound of discrimination) is lower once we control for productivity differences. The lower bound level depends on the contribution of unobserved effects and the validity of the selection component in the decomposition model.

  7. Implementing disability evaluation and welfare services based on the framework of the international classification of functioning, disability and health: experiences in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Background Before 2007, the disability evaluation was based on the medical model in Taiwan. According to the People with Disabilities Rights Protection Act, from 2012 the assessment of a person’s eligibility for disability benefits has to be determined based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework nationwide. The purposes of this study were to: 1) design the evaluation tools for disability eligibility system based on the ICF/ICF-Children and ...

  8. To what extent have relaxed eligibility requirements and increased generosity of disability benefits acted as disincentives for employment? A systematic review of evidence from countries with well-developed welfare systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barr, Ben; Clayton, Stephen; Whitehead, Margaret;

    2010-01-01

    Reductions in the eligibility requirements and generosity of disability benefits have been introduced in several Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries in recent years, on the assumption that this will increase work incentives for people with chronic illness...

  9. Ada compiler validation summary report. Certificate number: 891116W1. 10191. Intel Corporation, IPSC/2 Ada, Release 1. 1, IPSC/2 parallel supercomputer, system resource manager host and IPSC/2 parallel supercomputer, CX-1 nodes target

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-11-16

    This VSR documents the results of the validation testing performed on an Ada compiler. Testing was carried out for the following purposes: To attempt to identify any language constructs supported by the compiler that do not conform to the Ada Standard; To attempt to identify any language constructs not supported by the compiler but required by the Ada Standard; and To determine that the implementation-dependent behavior is allowed by the Ada Standard. Testing of this compiler was conducted by SofTech, Inc. under the direction of he AVF according to procedures established by the Ada Joint Program Office and administered by the Ada Validation Organization (AVO). On-side testing was completed 16 November 1989 at Aloha OR.

  10. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report. Certificate Number: 891019W1. 10178, Hewlett Packard Company HP 9000 Series 800 Ada Compiler, Version 4.35 HP 9000 Series 800 Model 850. Completion of On-Site Testing: 19 October 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-19

    1985, the Commerce Department issued Part’ 379 Technical Data of the Export Administration specifically listing Ada Programming Support Environments...maintaining a uniform process for validation of Ada compilers. The AVO provides administrative and technical support for Ada validations to ensure...unused trailing bytes will not be appended. The principie use for the RECORD UNIT parameter is in reading and writing external files that are in

  11. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Certificate Number: 910918S1.11217, NEC Corporation, NEC Ada Compiler System for EWS-UX/V to V70/RX-UX832, Version 1.0 EWS 4800/60 = MV4000

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    8217 The Ada~ System generator 30 I OPTIONS AND COMMANDS OF THE PLU 1 Options and Commands of The PLU The Program Library Utility (PLU) of NEC Ada...myprogram 4 OPTIONS FOR THE ADA SYSTEM GENERATOR 30 The linker will include the code in Obj ectFile. o in the linkage of the program "myprogram". This...program presumably features a program interface to some routines appearing in the ObjectFile. 4 Options for The Ada System generator asgv70 is a

  12. Platelet aggregation and serum adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity in pregnancy associated with diabetes, hypertension and HIV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leal, Claudio A M; Leal, Daniela B R; Adefegha, Stephen A; Morsch, Vera M; da Silva, José E P; Rezer, João F P; Schrekker, Clarissa M L; Abdalla, Faida H; Schetinger, Maria R C

    2016-07-01

    Platelet aggregation and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity were evaluated in pregnant women living with some disease conditions including hypertension, diabetes mellitus and human immunodeficiency virus infection. The subject population is consisted of 15 non-pregnant healthy women [control group (CG)], 15 women with normal pregnancy (NP), 7 women with hypertensive pregnancy (HP), 10 women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and 12 women with human immunodeficiency virus-infected pregnancy (HIP) groups. The aggregation of platelets was checked using an optical aggregometer, and serum ADA activity was determined using the colorimetric method. After the addition of 5 µM of agonist adenosine diphosphate, the percentage of platelet aggregation was significantly (p < 0·05) increased in NP, HP, GDM and HIP groups when compared with the CG, while the addition of 10 µM of the same agonist caused significant (p < 0·05) elevations in HP, GDM and HIP groups when compared with CG. Furthermore, ADA activity was significantly (p < 0·05) enhanced in NP, HP, GDM and HIP groups when compared with CG. In this study, the increased platelet aggregation and ADA activity in pregnancy and pregnancy-associated diseases suggest that platelet aggregation and ADA activity could serve as peripheral markers for the development of effective therapy in the maintenance of homeostasis and some inflammatory process in these pathophysiological conditions. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  13. Cell surface and transcriptional characterization of human adipose-derived adherent stromal (hADAS) cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Adam J; Tholpady, Ashok; Tholpady, Sunil S; Shang, Hulan; Ogle, Roy C

    2005-03-01

    Adult human subcutaneous adipose tissue contains cells with intriguing multilineage developmental plasticity, much like marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Putative stem or progenitor cells from fat have been given many different names in the literature, reflecting an early and evolving consensus regarding their phenotypic characterization. The study reported here used microarrays to evaluate over 170 genes relating to angiogenesis and extracellular matrix in undifferentiated, early-passage human adipose-derived adherent stromal (hADAS) cells isolated from three separate donors. The hADAS populations unanimously transcribed 66% of the screened genes, and 83% were transcribed by at least two of the three populations. The most highly transcribed genes relate to functional groupings such as cell adhesion, matrix proteins, growth factors and receptors, and proteases. The transcriptome of hADAS cells demonstrated by this work reveals many similarities to published profiles of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In addition, flow analysis of over 24 hADAS cell surface proteins (n = 7 donors) both confirms and expands on the existing literature and reveals strong intergroup correlation, despite an inconsistent nomenclature and the lack of standardized protocols for cell isolation and culture. Finally, based on flow analysis and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction studies, our results suggest that hADAS cells do not express several proteins that are implicated as markers of "stemness" in other stem cell populations, including telomerase, CD133, and the membrane transporter ABCG2.

  14. The inclusion of ADA-SCID in expanded newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    la Marca, Giancarlo; Giocaliere, Elisa; Malvagia, Sabrina; Funghini, Silvia; Ombrone, Daniela; Della Bona, Maria Luisa; Canessa, Clementina; Lippi, Francesca; Romano, Francesca; Guerrini, Renzo; Resti, Massimo; Azzari, Chiara

    2014-01-01

    Severe combined immunodeficiency due to adenosine-deaminase defect (ADA-SCID) is usually deadly in childhood because of severe recurrent infections. When clinical diagnosis is done, permanent damages due to infections or metabolite accumulation are often present. Gene therapy, bone marrow transplantation or enzyme replacement therapy may be effective if started early. The aim of this study was to set-up a robust method suitable for screening with a minimized preparation process and with inexpensive running costs, for diagnosing ADA-SCID by tandem mass spectrometry. ADA-SCID satisfies all the criteria for inclusion in a newborn screening program. We describe a protocol revised to incorporate adenosine and 2-deoxyadenosine testing into an expanded newborn screening program. We assessed the effectiveness of this approach testing dried blood spots from 4 genetically confirmed early-onset and 5 delayed-onset ADA-SCID patients. Reference values were established on 50,000 healthy newborns (deoxyadenosine <0.09μmol/L, adenosine <1.61μmol/L). We also developed a second tier test to distinguish true positives from false positives and improve the positive predictive value of an initial abnormal result. In the first 18 months, the pilot project has identified a newborn with a genetically confirmed defect in adenosine deaminase (ADA) gene. The results show that the method having great simplicity, low cost and low process preparations can be fully applicable to a mass screening program.

  15. Privacy Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Learn about the Privacy Act of 1974, the Electronic Government Act of 2002, the Federal Information Security Management Act, and other information about the Environmental Protection Agency maintains its records.

  16. Disability Experience and Measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verbrugge, Lois M

    2016-10-01

    Top themes of international research on disability in the past three decades are discussed: disability dynamics, buffers and barriers for disability, disability trends, and disability among very old persons. Each theme is highlighted by research examples. Turning to measurement, I discuss traditional measures of disability, new longer and shorter ones, and composites like disability-free life expectancy, noting their merits. Contemporary models of disability are presented, ranging from visual images to formal theories. The article ends on how scientists can facilitate movement of disability science into health care practice and policy.

  17. Multiple chemical sensitivity and workplace discrimination: the national EEOC ADA research project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vierstra, Courtney V; Rumrill, Phillip D; Koch, Lynn C; McMahon, Brian T

    2007-01-01

    Information from the Integrated Mission System of the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was used to investigate the employment discrimination experiences of Americans with multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) in comparison to Americans in a general disability group with allergies, asthma, HIV, gastrointestinal impairment, cumulative trauma disorder and tuberculosis. Specifically, the researchers examined demographic characteristics of the charging parties; the industry designation, location, and size of employers against whom allegations were filed; the nature of discrimination (i.e., type of adverse action) alleged to occur; and the legal outcomes or resolutions of these allegations. Findings indicate that persons with MCS were, on average, older than the comparison group and comparatively overrepresented by Caucasians and women. People with MCS were proportionally more likely than the comparison group to allege discrimination related to reasonable accommodations. People with MCS were proportionally more likely than the comparison group to file allegations against employers in the manufacturing and public administration industries, employers with 201-500 workers, and employers in the Western Census region. People with MCS were proportionally more likely than the comparison group to receive non-merit resolutions as a result of the EEOC's Americans with Disabilities Act Title I investigatory process. Implications for policy and advocacy are addressed.

  18. Pegademase bovine (PEG-ADA for the treatment of infants and children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Booth

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Claire Booth1,2, H Bobby Gaspar1,21Centre for Immunodeficiency, Molecular Immunology Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK; 2Dept of Clinical Immunology, Great Ormond Street Hospital NHS Trust, London, UKAbstract: Adenosine deaminase deficiency (ADA is a rare, inherited disorder of purine metabolism characterized by immunodeficiency, failure to thrive and metabolic abnormalities. A lack of the enzyme ADA allows accumulation of toxic metabolites causing defects of both cell mediated and humoral immunity leading to ADA severe combined immune deficiency (SCID, a condition that can be fatal in early infancy if left untreated. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant is curative but is dependent on a good donor match. Other therapeutic options include enzyme replacement therapy (ERT with pegademase bovine (PEG-ADA and more recently gene therapy. PEG-ADA has been used in over 150 patients worldwide and has allowed stabilization of patients awaiting more definitive treatment with hematopoietic stem cell transplant. It affords both metabolic detoxification and protective immune function with patients remaining clinically well, but immune reconstitution is often suboptimal and may not be long lived. We discuss the pharmacokinetics, immune reconstitution, effects on systemic disease and side effects of treatment with PEG-ADA. We also review the long-term outcome of patients receiving ERT and discuss the role of PEG-ADA in the management of infants and children with ADA-SCID, alongside other therapeutic options.Keywords: adenosine deaminase deficiency, PEG-ADA, enzyme replacement therapy, severe combined immune deficiency (SCID

  19. AdaBoost人脸检测算法在DSP上的移植与优化%Transplantation and optimization of AdaBoost face detection algorithm on DSP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱明; 陆小锋; 陆亨立; 李莹娇; 张东升

    2014-01-01

    将Viola等人提出的AdaBoost人脸检测算法由PC机移植到TMS320DM642嵌入式平台,采用EMCV (Embedded Computer Vision Library)移植方案,将PC平台的OpenCV(Open Source Computer Vision Library)视觉库中有关AdaBoost算法的模块修改使之适应嵌入式DSP平台。该移植工作主要解决了OpenCV在嵌入式平台的不兼容问题以及不同体系架构的编译器环境和库文件导致的编译和链接错误。优化工作在TI的编译器CCS中进行,在编译器平台下进行C语言的项目及程序优化,并进行了大量实验数据的对比,给出了优化的方案,对实现系统的实时性有指导性作用。%This paper transplants the AdaBoost algorithm proposed by Viola from PC platform to TMS320DM642 platform. The transplantation solves the compile problem caused by the difference between PC and DSP platform. The algorithm optimization is proceeding in CCS compiler which is provided by Texas Instruments. The paper optimizes the AdaBoost algorithm by the optimization of C code and the project settings, and a lot of experiments are done to give out the optimi-zation solution. It plays a guiding role in the implementation of real-time feature in embedded DM642 platform.

  20. Improved AdaBoost ensemble approach based on loss function%基于损失函数的AdaBoost改进算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷蕾; 王晓丹

    2012-01-01

    针对AdaBoost集成时难分样本权重扩张导致训练样本在更新时分布失衡的问题,提出一种基于正负类样本损失函数(LF)的权重更新策略.权重的调整不仅与训练误差有关,还考虑到基分类器对不同类别样本的正确分类能力,从而避免训练样本过度集中于某一类的异常现象.实验结果表明,基于LF的AdaBoost能在提高收敛性能的情况下,提高算法精度,克服样本分布失衡问题.偏差方差分析的结果显示,该算法在改善偏差的情况下,能有效地减小错误率中的方差成分,提高集成的泛化能力.%As to the issue that the weight expansion for hardest samples can cause imbalance when updating the training sample in AdaBoost algorithm, an improved approach based on the Loss Function (LF) of the different patterns, namely, LF-AdaBoost, was proposed. The weight tuning was affected not only by the training error, but the performance of base classifiers for different classes, thus avoiding the excessive concentration phenomenon. The results based on UCI data sets and different base classifiers have shown that the approach can improve the speed of convergence and overcome the imbalance,as well as promote the generalization ability of ensemble classifier.

  1. Disability in anxiety disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, S.M.; Spijker, J.; Licht, C.M.M.; Beekman, A.T.F.; Hardeveld, F.; Graaf, R. de; Batelaan, N.M.; Penninx, B.W.J.H.

    2014-01-01

    Background: This study compares disability levels between different anxiety disorders and healthy controls. We further investigate the role of anxiety arousal and avoidance behaviour in disability, and whether differences in these symptom patterns contribute to disability differences between anxiety

  2. Disability in anxiety disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, S.M.; Spijker, J.; Licht, C.M.; Beekman, A.T.; Hardeveld, F.; Graaf, R. de; Batelaan, N.M.; Penninx, B.W.J.H.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This study compares disability levels between different anxiety disorders and healthy controls. We further investigate the role of anxiety arousal and avoidance behaviour in disability, and whether differences in these symptom patterns contribute to disability differences between anxiety

  3. Sexuality and Intellectual Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Curiae Briefs Legislative Goals Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities National Goals 2015 SIS Product Information Benefits of ... SIS-A Contact Us New 2017 Products Intellectual Disability Historical Context Definition FAQs on Intellectual Disability Diagnostic ...

  4. Disability and Obesity

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Policy Makers CDC Employees and Reasonable Accommodations (RA) Disability and Obesity Language: English (US) Español (Spanish) ... for children and teens » Challenges Facing People with Disabilities People with disabilities can find it more difficult ...

  5. Disability and Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sheets Fact files Questions & answers Features Multimedia Contacts Disability and health Fact sheet Reviewed November 2016 Key ... services and therefore experience unmet health care needs. Disability and health The International Classification of Functioning, Disability ...

  6. The role of transcriptional coactivator ADA2b in Arabidopsis abiotic stress responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlachonasios, Konstantinos E; Kaldis, Athanasios; Nikoloudi, Adriana; Tsementzi, Despoina

    2011-10-01

    Plant growth and crop production can be greatly affected by common environmental stresses such as drought, high salinity and low temperatures. Gene expression is affected by several abiotic stresses. Stress-inducible genes are regulated by transcription factors and epigenetic mechanisms such as histone modifications. In this Mini-Review, we have explored the role of transcriptional adaptor ADA2b in Arabidopsis responses to abiotic stress. ADA2b is required for the expression of genes involved in abiotic stress either by controlling H3 and H4 acetylation in the case of salt stress or affecting nucleosome occupancy in low temperatures response.

  7. Psychometric evaluation of ADAS-Cog and NTB for measuring drug response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karin, A; Hannesdottir, K; Jaeger, J; Annas, P; Segerdahl, M; Karlsson, P; Sjögren, N; von Rosen, T; Miller, F

    2014-02-01

    To conduct a psychometric analysis to determine the adequacy of instruments that measure cognition in Alzheimer's disease trials. Both the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognition (ADAS-Cog) and the Neuropsychological Test Battery (NTB) are validated outcome measures for clinical trials in Alzheimer's disease and are approved also for regulatory purposes. However, it is not clear how comparable they are in measuring cognitive function. In fact, many recent trials in Alzheimer's disease patients have failed and it has been questioned if ADAS-Cog still is a sensitive measure. The present paper examines the psychometric properties of ADAS-Cog and NTB, based on a post hoc analysis of data from a clinical trial (NCT01024660), which was conducted by AstraZeneca, in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, with a Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) Total score 16-24. Acceptability, reliability, different types of validity and ability to detect change were assessed using relevant statistical methods. Total scores of both tests, as well as separate domains of both tests, including the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS), Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) Verbal Fluency Condition, were analyzed. Overall, NTB performed well, with acceptable reliability and ability to detect change, while ADAS-Cog had insufficient psychometric properties, including ceiling effects in 8 out of a total of 11 ADAS-Cog items in mild AD patients, as well as low test-retest reliability in some of the items. Based on a direct comparison on the same patient sample, we see advantages of the NTB compared with the ADAS-Cog for the evaluation of cognitive function in the population of mild-to-moderate AD patients. The results suggest that not all of ADAS-Cog items are relevant for both mild and moderate AD population. This validation study demonstrates satisfactory psychometric properties of the NTB, while ADAS-Cog was found to be

  8. Integrating Object-Oriented Programming and Protected Objects in Ada 95

    OpenAIRE

    Wellings, Andy J.; Johnson, Bob; Sanden, Bo; Kienzle, Jörg; Wolf, Thomas; Michell, Stephen

    2000-01-01

    Integrating concurrent and object-oriented programming as been an active research topic since the late 1980s. There is now a plethora of methods for achieving this integration. The majority of approaches have taken a sequential object-oriented language and made it concurrent. A few approaches have taken a concurrent language and made it object-oriented. The most important of this latter case is the Ada 95 language which is an extension to the object-based concurrent programming language Ada 8...

  9. Handbook for Implementing a Comprehensive Work-Based Learning Program According to the Fair Labor Standards Act. Third Edition. Essential Tools: Improving Secondary Education with Transition for Youth with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, David R.; Sword, Carrie; Habhegger, Barbara

    2005-01-01

    Work-Based Learning (WBL) is an effective approach in delivering career and technical education and training to youth with disabilities. This handbook provides guidance to schools operating WBL programs and encourages the adoption of WBL programs by schools not presently using this approach. By following the information and examples in this…

  10. The Legal Rights of Students with Disabilities in Christian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Charles J.; Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Massucci, Joseph D.; Cattaro, Gerald M.

    2011-01-01

    The adoption of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) and the Education for All Handicapped Children's Act, now the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), have had a major impact on the delivery of services for children with special needs. In light of the legal issues surrounding the delivery of special education…

  11. Alterations in the brain adenosine metabolism cause behavioral and neurological impairment in ADA-deficient mice and patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauer, Aisha V.; Hernandez, Raisa Jofra; Fumagalli, Francesca; Bianchi, Veronica; Poliani, Pietro L.; Dallatomasina, Chiara; Riboni, Elisa; Politi, Letterio S.; Tabucchi, Antonella; Carlucci, Filippo; Casiraghi, Miriam; Carriglio, Nicola; Cominelli, Manuela; Forcellini, Carlo Alberto; Barzaghi, Federica; Ferrua, Francesca; Minicucci, Fabio; Medaglini, Stefania; Leocani, Letizia; la Marca, Giancarlo; Notarangelo, Lucia D.; Azzari, Chiara; Comi, Giancarlo; Baldoli, Cristina; Canale, Sabrina; Sessa, Maria; D’Adamo, Patrizia; Aiuti, Alessandro

    2017-01-01

    Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) deficiency is an autosomal recessive variant of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) caused by systemic accumulation of ADA substrates. Neurological and behavioral abnormalities observed in ADA-SCID patients surviving after stem cell transplantation or gene therapy represent an unresolved enigma in the field. We found significant neurological and cognitive alterations in untreated ADA-SCID patients as well as in two groups of patients after short- and long-term enzyme replacement therapy with PEG-ADA. These included motor dysfunction, EEG alterations, sensorineural hypoacusia, white matter and ventricular alterations in MRI as well as a low mental development index or IQ. Ada-deficient mice were significantly less active and showed anxiety-like behavior. Molecular and metabolic analyses showed that this phenotype coincides with metabolic alterations and aberrant adenosine receptor signaling. PEG-ADA treatment corrected metabolic adenosine-based alterations, but not cellular and signaling defects, indicating an intrinsic nature of the neurological and behavioral phenotype in ADA deficiency. PMID:28074903

  12. Pegademase bovine (PEG-ADA) for the treatment of infants and children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booth, Claire; Gaspar, H Bobby

    2009-01-01

    Adenosine deaminase deficiency (ADA) is a rare, inherited disorder of purine metabolism characterized by immunodeficiency, failure to thrive and metabolic abnormalities. A lack of the enzyme ADA allows accumulation of toxic metabolites causing defects of both cell mediated and humoral immunity leading to ADA severe combined immune deficiency (SCID), a condition that can be fatal in early infancy if left untreated. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant is curative but is dependent on a good donor match. Other therapeutic options include enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with pegademase bovine (PEG-ADA) and more recently gene therapy. PEG-ADA has been used in over 150 patients worldwide and has allowed stabilization of patients awaiting more definitive treatment with hematopoietic stem cell transplant. It affords both metabolic detoxification and protective immune function with patients remaining clinically well, but immune reconstitution is often suboptimal and may not be long lived. We discuss the pharmacokinetics, immune reconstitution, effects on systemic disease and side effects of treatment with PEG-ADA. We also review the long-term outcome of patients receiving ERT and discuss the role of PEG-ADA in the management of infants and children with ADA-SCID, alongside other therapeutic options. PMID:19707420

  13. ACTS 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Co-curator of ACTS 2014 together with Rasmus Holmboe, Judith Schwarzbart and Sanne Kofoed. ACTS is the Museum of Contemporary Art’s international bi-annual festival. ACTS was established in 2011 and, while the primary focus is on sound and performance art, it also looks toward socially oriented art...... various possibilities and public spaces as a stage. ACTS takes place in and around the museum and diverse locations in Roskilde city. ACTS is partly curated by the museum staff and partly by guest curators. ACTS 2014 is supported by Nordea-fonden and is a part of the project The Museum goes downtown....

  14. A Plan for Collecting Ada Software Development Cost, Schedule, and Environment Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-02

    person-weeks is the minimum training time. This time includes teaching a methodology adapted to Ada and 50 percent hands-on experiments under the...level." He felt translation of existing programs was an excellent way to bring pro- grammers up to speed. The more mathematical functions in the program

  15. Automatic player detection and recognition in images using AdaBoost

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mahmood, Zahid; Ali, Tauseef; Khattak, Shadid

    2012-01-01

    In this work we developed an augmented reality sports broadcasting application for enhanced end-user experience. The proposed system consists of three major steps. In the first step each player is detected using AdaBoost Algorithm. In second step, same algorithm is used to detect face in each player

  16. 61 FR 11863 - Vehicle Management Area Designation and Road Closure Order; Ada, Elmore, Canyon, and Owyhee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-03-22

    ... Vehicle Management Area Designation and Road Closure Order; Ada, Elmore, Canyon, and Owyhee Counties, ID... except for those portions of the NCA currently included within the Owyhee Front Special Recreation... Bruneau, Kuna, and Owyhee Management Framework Plans, and the Jarbidge Resource Management Plan....

  17. 61 FR 11862 - Shooting Closures and Restrictions in Ada, Canyon, Elmore, and Owyhee Counties, ID

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-03-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Shooting Closures and Restrictions in Ada, Canyon, Elmore, and Owyhee Counties, ID AGENCY: Bureau of Land... Bruneau, Kuna, and Owyhee Management Framework Plans. Violation of this order is punishable by a fine...

  18. Anemia nos pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca avançada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Cardoso

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Anemia está associada à pior evolução nos pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC. Entretanto, há poucos estudos sobre a anemia nos pacientes com IC avançada. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as características da anemia na IC em fase avançada. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos 99 pacientes hospitalizados para compensação de IC (CF IV/NYHA, com idade > 18 anos e FEVE 12 g/dl. A anemia foi marcador independente de mau prognóstico na análise multivariada (mortalidade 47% vs 24,6%, p = 0,016, risco relativo 2,54. CONCLUSÃO: Anemia acomete, aproximadamente, 1/3 dos pacientes com IC avançada, e a deficiência de ferro é uma importante etiologia. Pacientes anêmicos são mais idosos e apresentaram função renal mais deteriorada. A melhora da congestão não foi suficiente para melhorar a anemia na maioria dos casos. Nos pacientes com IC avançada, a anemia é marcador independente de mau prognóstico.

  19. How We Manage Adenosine Deaminase-Deficient Severe Combined Immune Deficiency (ADA SCID).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohn, Donald B; Gaspar, H Bobby

    2017-02-14

    Adenosine deaminase-deficient severe combined immune deficiency (ADA SCID) accounts for 10-15% of cases of human SCID. From what was once a uniformly fatal disease, the prognosis for infants with ADA SCID has improved greatly based on the development of multiple therapeutic options, coupled with more frequent early diagnosis due to implementation of newborn screening for SCID. We review the various treatment approaches for ADA SCID including allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a human leukocyte antigen-matched sibling or family member or from a matched unrelated donor or a haplo-identical donor, autologous HSCT with gene correction of the hematopoietic stem cells (gene therapy-GT), and enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with polyethylene glycol-conjugated adenosine deaminase. Based on growing evidence of safety and efficacy from GT, we propose a treatment algorithm for patients with ADA SCID that recommends HSCT from a matched family donor, when available, as a first choice, followed by GT as the next option, with allogeneic HSCT from an unrelated or haplo-identical donor or long-term ERT as other options.

  20. Automatic Player Detection and Recognition in Images Using AdaBoost

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mahmood, Zahid; Ali, Tauseef; Khattak, Shadid

    2012-01-01

    In this work we developed an augmented reality sports broadcasting application for enhanced end-user experience. The proposed system consists of three major steps. In the first step each player is detected using AdaBoost Algorithm. In second step, same algorithm is used to detect face in each player

  1. CREASE 6.0 Catalog of Resources for Education in Ada and Software Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-02-01

    Addison-Wesley, 1989. Gonzaler , D.W. Ada Programming Handbook. Compiler(s): DEC Compiler Conpumr(s): Vax-under VMS ScIedu/e The class meets twice a...Successfully completed another high-order programming course Credit Hours: 3 Point of Contact: Sergio An toy, Dept. of Computer Science, Portland State

  2. Infrastructure Measures versus ADAS for Traffic Safety - Application of the Grey Relational Analysis Evaluation Method

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lu, M.; Wevers, K.; Heijden, R.E.C.M. van der; Marchau, V.A.W.J.

    2005-01-01

    Two of the main approaches to improve traffic safety are extensive redesign of the physical road infrastructure and large-scale implementation of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS). These strategies are to a large extent substitutes, but also partly complementary. This paper determines strate

  3. COMPARISION OF ADENOSINE DEAMINASE [ADA] LEVELS WITH CYTO-CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF PLEURAL FLUIDS TO DIFFERENTIATE TUBERCULAR AND NON â TUBERCULAR EFFUSIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Choukimath M Sharanabasav

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is intended to utilize biochemical parameters like ADA and protein levels in comparison with cell count and cell type in pleural fluid to differentiate tubercular and non-tubercular effusions. We have analyzed a total of 208 cases and among them 59.61% cases were ADA positive and 40.39% cases were ADA negative, and 156 cases were exudates and 52 cases were transudates. Categorized these effusions into 4 groups taking consideration of ADA, cell count, lymphocyte and protein levels as exudate with ADA positive, exudate with ADA negative, transudate with ADA positive and transudate with ADA negative. This study has shown promising results to diagnose tuberculosis with immediate and cost effectiveness that can be undertaken by any basic laboratory, in a endemic areas and developing countries like India

  4. Strategies for Supporting Inclusive Education for Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mumford, Vincent E.; Chandler, Judy Potter

    2009-01-01

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) of 2004 supports equitable access to educational opportunities for all children who have disabilities. IDEA requires that students who receive services for special needs receive a free appropriate public education, and have access to the general education curriculum, which includes…

  5. Procedural Safeguards. Louisiana's Educational Rights of Children with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louisiana Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This handbook was developed to support parents of children with disabilities in understanding the Federal and State requirements under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It provides information that promotes working with the school district to help provide appropriate services to children, while informing parents of their…

  6. Students with Intellectual Disability: Predictors of Accountability Test Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamberlain, Courtney; Witmer, Sara

    2017-01-01

    Legislation mandates that students with disabilities be included in achievement testing for accountability purposes, with only a few participating in an alternate assessment (Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act [IDEA], 2004). The current study utilized data from the Special Education Elementary Longitudinal Study (SEELS) to…

  7. The Changing Educational Needs of Mental Health and Disability Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, Ian J.; Redfern, Sally J.; Bodley, Denise; Holroyd, Sue; Smith, Clive; White, Edward

    A study identified and explored the changing educational needs of mental health and learning disability nurses in Britain following the 1990 National Health Service and Community Care Act. A literature review focused on service developments in mental health and learning disability nursing and changes in education. Interviews were conducted with…

  8. Special Education Programs for Youth with Disabilities in Juvenile Corrections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leone, Peter E.; Meisel, Sheri M.; Drakeford, Will

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the overrepresentation of youth with disabilities in juvenile corrections, the role of education and literacy, and the different educational goals of short- and long-term programs. Outlines special education service delivery within the framework of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the challenges of implementing special…

  9. 20 CFR 410.422 - Determining total disability: General criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to... of his death), under the provisions of § 410.418. In addition, when a miner has (or had) a...

  10. Description of a MIL-STD-1553B Data Bus Ada Driver for the LeRC EPS Testbed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackin, Michael A.

    1995-01-01

    This document describes the software designed to provide communication between control computers in the NASA Lewis Research Center Electrical Power System Testbed using MIL-STD-1553B. The software drivers are coded in the Ada programming language and were developed on a MSDOS-based computer workstation. The Electrical Power System (EPS) Testbed is a reduced-scale prototype space station electrical power system. The power system manages and distributes electrical power from the sources (batteries or photovoltaic arrays) to the end-user loads. The electrical system primary operates at 120 volts DC, and the secondary system operates at 28 volts DC. The devices which direct the flow of electrical power are controlled by a network of six control computers. Data and control messages are passed between the computers using the MIL-STD-1553B network. One of the computers, the Power Management Controller (PMC), controls the primary power distribution and another, the Load Management Controller (LMC), controls the secondary power distribution. Each of these computers communicates with two other computers which act as subsidiary controllers. These subsidiary controllers are, in turn, connected to the devices which directly control the flow of electrical power.

  11. 45 CFR 507.2 - Payments to persons under legal disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Payments to persons under legal disability. 507.2... disability. Any awards or any part of an award payable under sections 5(i) and 6(f) of the Act to any person under legal disability may, in the discretion of the Commission, be certified for payment for the use of...

  12. Assistive Technology for Students with Disabilities: A Legal Analysis of Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etscheidt, Susan Larson

    2016-01-01

    Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams are required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) to consider a student's need for assistive technology (AT). Despite this legal requirement, AT supports are often not available to students with disabilities. Many students with disabilities and their families have addressed the…

  13. 20 CFR 410.471 - Conclusion by physician regarding miner's disability or death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... disability or death. 410.471 Section 410.471 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to Pneumoconiosis § 410.471 Conclusion by physician regarding miner's disability or death....

  14. 20 CFR 410.418 - Irrebuttable presumption of total disability due to pneumoconiosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to Pneumoconiosis § 410.418 Irrebuttable presumption of total disability due to pneumoconiosis... miner was totally disabled due to pneumoconiosis at the time of his death, if he is suffering...

  15. The Legal Context for Serving Students with Learning Disabilities in Postsecondary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keenan, Walter R.; Shaw, Stan F.

    2011-01-01

    The legal basis for serving students with learning disabilities at the K-12 level is predominantly derived from the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This federal law provides for substantive education support for students with learning disabilities through an Individualized Educational Program (IEP). However, because the IDEA…

  16. Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... About CDC.gov . Disability & Health Home Disability Overview Disability Inclusion Barriers to Inclusion Inclusion Strategies Inclusion in Programs & Activities Resources Healthy Living Disability & Physical Activity Disability & Obesity Disability & Smoking Disability & Breast ...

  17. Rehabilitation: disability ethics versus Peter Singer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPherson, Gary W; Sobsey, Dick

    2003-08-01

    This commentary discusses utilitarian bioethics currently articulated by Peter Singer, one of the most widely known bioethicists of the 21st century. His controversial concepts of personhood and replaceability have important implications for people with disabilities, caregivers, and rehabilitation in general. Singer suggests that people with severe disabilities should not be considered persons and therefore have no rights or status in ethical issues. In addition, he argues that, although some people with less severe disabilities qualify as persons, their potential quality of life is significantly compromised by disability and therefore it may be ethically desirable to eliminate them so that their resources can be used for someone with superior potential. We reject these ideas, and suggest that those involved in rehabilitation carefully consider these ideas because they imply that rehabilitation is an immoral act unless it results in full and typical function.

  18. Homozygosity for a novel adenosine deaminase (ADA) nonsense mutation (Q3>X) in a child with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santisteban, I.; Arrendondo-Vega, F.X.; Kelly, S. [Duke Univ. Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)]|[Hospital for Sick Children, Ontario (Canada)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    A Somali girl was diagnosed with ADA-deficient SCID at 7 mo; she responded well to PEG-ADA replacement and is now 3.3 yr old. ADA mRNA was undetectable (Northern) in her cultured T cells, but was present in T cells of her parents and two sibs. All PCR-amplified exon 1 genomic clones from the patient had a C>T transition at bp 7 relative to the start of translation, replacing Gln at codon 3 (AGA) with a termination codon (TGA, Q3>X). Patient cDNA (prepared by RT-PCR with a 5{prime} primer that covered codons 1-7) had a previously described polymorphism, K80>R, but was otherwise normal, indicating that no other coding mutations were present. A predicted new genomic BfaI restriction site was used to establish her homozygosity for Q3>X and to analyze genotypes of family members. We also analyzed the segregation of a variable Alu polyA-associated TAAA repeat (AluVpA) situated 5{prime} of the ADA gene. Three different AluVpA alleles were found, one of which was only present in the father and was not associated with his Q3>X allele. Because the father`s RBCs had only {approximately}15% of normal ADA activity, we analyzed his ADA cDNA. We found a G>A transition at bp 425 that substitutes Gln for Arg142, a solvent-accessible residue, and eliminates a BsmAI site in exon 5. ADA activity of the R142>Q in vitro translation product was 20-25% of wild type ADA translation product, suggesting that R142>Q is a new {open_quote}partial{close_quote} ADA deficiency mutation. As expected, Q3>X mRNA did not yield a detectable in vitro translation product. We conclude that the patient`s father is a compound heterozygote carrying the ADA Q3>X/R142>Q genotype. {open_quote}Partial{close_quote} ADA deficiency unassociated with immunodeficiency is relatively common in individuals of African descent. The present findings and previous observations suggest that {open_quote}partial{close_quote} ADA deficiency may have had an evolutionary advantage.

  19. Stigma and Developmental Disabilities in Nursing Practice and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiteley, Annette D; Kurtz, Donna L M; Cash, Penelope A

    2016-01-01

    Individuals with developmental disabilities (DD) experience stigma, discrimination, and barriers, including access to appropriate health care, that restrict their ability to be equal participants in society. In this study, underlying contexts, assumptions, and ways of acting are investigated that perpetuate inequalities and pejorative treatment toward those with disabilities. Several nurse researchers and educators suggest specific content for, or approaches to, education about DD. Critical pedagogy that employs cultural competency and a disability studies' framework to guide curriculum and course development will allow assumptions underlying common health care practices that oppress and "other" people with disabilities to be exposed and changed.

  20. Ilíada Latina: tradução e estudo literário da adaptação da Ilíada de Homero na antiguidade latina

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    O poema Ilíada Latina é um adaptação resumida em latim da Ilíada, da época de Nero. Já no século I a.C., o mito troiano passou a ser cada vez menos conhecido através da Ilíada, já que o grego era apenas aprendido pela elite romana. Durante a Idade Média, o grego deixou de ser aprendido no Ocidente, e assim, a Ilíada se perdeu durante esse período, até que estudiosos italianos começaram a aprender grego com os viajantes bizantinos no século XIV. A história da guerra de Troia, portanto, passou ...

  1. Ilíada Latina: tradução e estudo literário da adaptação da Ilíada de Homero na antiguidade latina

    OpenAIRE

    Priscilla Adriane Ferreira Almeida

    2012-01-01

    O poema Ilíada Latina é um adaptação resumida em latim da Ilíada, da época de Nero. Já no século I a.C., o mito troiano passou a ser cada vez menos conhecido através da Ilíada, já que o grego era apenas aprendido pela elite romana. Durante a Idade Média, o grego deixou de ser aprendido no Ocidente, e assim, a Ilíada se perdeu durante esse período, até que estudiosos italianos começaram a aprender grego com os viajantes bizantinos no século XIV. A história da guerra de Troia, portanto, passou ...

  2. 77 FR 14972 - Discrimination on the Basis of Disability in Federally Assisted Programs and Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    ... CFR Part 104 Discrimination on the Basis of Disability in Federally Assisted Programs and Activities... Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Department's implementing regulations, which prohibit discrimination on the... Act of 1973 (Section 504),\\1\\ which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability \\2\\...

  3. Abuse and Young Children with Disabilities: A Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corr, Catherine; Santos, Rosa Milagros

    2017-01-01

    Legislation in the United States, such as the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act and the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act, mandates service system collaboration to meet the complex needs of young children with disabilities who have experienced abuse. This literature review examines extant literature related to young…

  4. Evaluating the External Validity of High-Incidence Special Education Disability Categories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murr, Natalie Simona

    2015-01-01

    The passing of the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA) of 1970, as well as subsequent education policy, including the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (2004), have been pivotal to ensuring that both the civil and educational rights of students with disabilities continue to be promoted and protected within educational settings. In…

  5. QSAR analysis for ADA upon interaction with a series of adenine derivatives as inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moosavi-Movahedi, A A; Safarian, S; Hakimelahi, G H; Ataei, G; Ajloo, D; Panjehpour, S; Riahi, S; Mousavi, M F; Mardanyan, S; Soltani, N; Khalafi-Nezhad, A; Sharghi, H; Moghadamnia, H; Saboury, A A

    2004-01-01

    The kinetic parameters of adenosine deaminase such as Km and Ki were determined in the absence and presence of adenine derivatives (R1-R24) in sodium phosphate buffer (50 mM; pH 7.5) solution at 27 degrees C. These kinetic parameters were used for QSAR analysis. As such, we found some theoretical descriptors to which the binding affinity of adenosine deaminase (ADA) towards several adenine nucleosides as inhibitors is correlated. QSAR analysis has revealed that binding affinity of the adenine nucleosides upon interaction with ADA depends on the molecular volume, dipole moment of the molecule, electric charge around the N1 atom, and the highest of positive charge for the related molecules.

  6. Discrimination of Breast Tumors in Ultrasonic Images by Classifier Ensemble Trained with AdaBoost

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takemura, Atsushi; Shimizu, Akinobu; Hamamoto, Kazuhiko

    In this paper, we propose a novel method for acurate automated discrimination of breast tumors (carcinoma, fibroadenoma, and cyst). We defined 199 features related to diagnositic observations noticed when a doctor judges breast tumors, such as internal echo, shape, and boundary echo. These features included novel features based on a parameter of log-compressed K distribution, which reflect physical characteristics of ultrasonic B-mode imaging. Furthermore, we propose a discrimination method of breast tumors by using an ensemble classifier based on the multi-class AdaBoost algorithm with effective features selection. Verification by analyzing 200 carcinomas, 30 fibroadenomas and 30 cycts showed the usefulness of the newly defined features and the effectiveness of the discrimination by using an ensemble classifier trained by AdaBoost.

  7. Translating an AI application from Lisp to Ada: A case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Gloria J.

    1991-01-01

    A set of benchmarks was developed to test the performance of a newly designed computer executing both Lisp and Ada. Among these was AutoClassII -- a large Artificial Intelligence (AI) application written in Common Lisp. The extraction of a representative subset of this complex application was aided by a Lisp Code Analyzer (LCA). The LCA enabled rapid analysis of the code, putting it in a concise and functionally readable form. An equivalent benchmark was created in Ada through manual translation of the Lisp version. A comparison of the execution results of both programs across a variety of compiler-machine combinations indicate that line-by-line translation coupled with analysis of the initial code can produce relatively efficient and reusable target code.

  8. Languages for artificial intelligence: Implementing a scheduler in LISP and in Ada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hays, Dan

    1988-01-01

    A prototype scheduler for space experiments originally programmed in a dialect of LISP using some of the more traditional techniques of that language, was recast using an object-oriented LISP, Common LISP with Flavors on the Symbolics. This object-structured version was in turn partially implemented in Ada. The Flavors version showed a decided improvement in both speed of execution and readability of code. The recasting into Ada involved various practical problems of implementation as well as certain challenges of reconceptualization in going from one language to the other. Advantages were realized, however, in greater clarity of the code, especially where more standard flow of control was used. This exercise raised issues about the influence of programming language on the design of flexible and sensitive programs such as schedule planners, and called attention to the importance of factors external to the languages themselves such as system embeddedness, hardware context, and programmer practice.

  9. BASIC CRITERIA OF IRANIAN COMMERCIAL TOOTHPASTES AND AN ADA APPROVED BRAND (CREST)

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Introduction: The effectiveness of fluorided toothpastes in reducing dental caries is well-documented, However not all fluorided toothpastes are equally effective. The objective of this study was to compare some essential criteria of six different toothpastes manufactured in Iran with one brand of ADA approved toothpaste (Crest). Methods. Six commercial toothpastes produced in Iran named as Paveh, Puneh, Nasim, Darugar, golpasand and saviz were compared with Crest in three subjects as fo...

  10. Execução forçada das obrigações

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Máximo Rodrigues Neto

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como escopo o estudo da execução forçada das obrigações e a evolução da tutela executiva ao longo dos anos, bem como aborda alguns pontos relacionados à teoria do inadimplemento. Tudo isso em uma ótica de prestígio da efetividade da prestação jurisdicional.

  11. Issues to be Considered in the Evaluation of Technical Proposals from the Ada (Trademark) Language Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    facilities (software test bed, dynamic simulation) are proposed to support the testing phases? 17. What proprietary data rights (if any) are...and beginners; for example, is prompting via menus provided for beginners and single keystroke capability provided for experienced users? 2-13 - input...Statement of Work: - constraint and numeric error checking - dynamic storage management - exception management 2-1 * 2.3 IMPLEMENTATION LANGUAGE If Ada has

  12. VIII Olimpíada Brasileira de Astronomia e Astronáutica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Canalle, João Batista; Villas da Rocha, Jaime Fernando; Wuensche de Souza, Carlos Alexandre; Pereira Ortiz, Roberto; Aguilera, Nuricel Villalonga; Padilha, Maria De Fátima Catta Preta; Pessoa Filho, José Bezerra; Soares Rodrigues, Ivette Maria

    2007-07-01

    Neste trabalho apresentamos as motivações pelas quais organizamos, em conjunto, pela primeira vez, a Olimpíada Brasileira de Astronomia incluindo a Astronáutica, em colaboração com a Agência Espacial Brasileira. Esta ampliação contribuiu para atrair ainda mais alunos, professores, escolas e patrocinadores para participarem desta Olimpíada. Em 2005 participaram da VIII Olimpíada Brasileira de Astronomia e Astronáutica (VIII OBA) 187.726 alunos distribuídos por 3.229 escolas, pertencentes a todos os estados brasileiros, incluindo o Distrito Federal. O crescimento em número de alunos participantes foi 52,4% maior do que em 2004. Em abril de 2005 organizamos, em Itapecerica da Serra, SP, um curso para os 50 alunos previamente selecionados e participantes da VII OBA e ao final selecionamos, dentre eles, uma equipe de 5 alunos, os quais representaram o Brasil na X Olimpíada Internacional de Astronomia, na China, em outubro de 2005. Ganhamos, pela primeira vez, uma medalha de ouro naquele evento. Em Agosto de 2005, organizamos a VIII Escola de Agosto para 50 alunos e respectivos professores, em Águas de Lindóia, SP, juntamente com a XXXI reunião anual da Sociedade Astronômica Brasileira (SAB). Em novembro de 2005 realizamos a I Jornada Espacial, em São José dos Campos, com 22 alunos e 22 professores selecionados dentre os participantes que melhores resultados obtiveram nas questões de Astronáutica da VIII OBA. Neste trabalho detalhamos os resultados da VIII OBA bem como as ações subseqüentes.

  13. Analysis of Training-Related Issues in the Transition to Ada in the DON

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    X. T Co-Advisor David I. Wi chairanDepartment of Adminit ences ii ABSTRACT The Department of Defense has been continually plagued with problems in...engineering principals coupled with the programming power Ada has to offer, can lead to increased programming productivity. Productivity can be...shortages of software professionals. In addition, with more professionals trained in solid software engineering principals , code reusability will

  14. Exploring the Professional Responsibilities of Educators in Special Day Schools Serving Secondary Students with Emotional Disabilities

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA, 2004) requires a free appropriate public education (FAPE) for students with disabilities in the least restrictive environment (LRE) with access to the general curriculum. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) emphasizes academic achievement for all students in public schools, and the use of challenging assessments to improve the quality of instruction. Because students with emotional disabilities (ED) are more likely to ...

  15. Reinforced AdaBoost learning for object detection with local pattern representations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Younghyun; Han, David K; Ko, Hanseok

    2013-01-01

    A reinforced AdaBoost learning algorithm is proposed for object detection with local pattern representations. In implementing AdaBoost learning, the proposed algorithm employs an exponential criterion as a cost function and Newton's method for its optimization. In particular, we introduce an optimal selection of weak classifiers minimizing the cost function and derive the reinforced predictions based on a judicial confidence estimate to determine the classification results. The weak classifier of the proposed method produces real-valued predictions while that of the conventional AdaBoost method produces integer valued predictions of +1 or -1. Hence, in the conventional learning algorithms, the entire sample weights are updated by the same rate. On the contrary, the proposed learning algorithm allows the sample weights to be updated individually depending on the confidence level of each weak classifier prediction, thereby reducing the number of weak classifier iterations for convergence. Experimental classification performance on human face and license plate images confirm that the proposed method requires smaller number of weak classifiers than the conventional learning algorithm, resulting in higher learning and faster classification rates. An object detector implemented based on the proposed learning algorithm yields better performance in field tests in terms of higher detection rate with lower false positives than that of the conventional learning algorithm.

  16. Software engineering and Ada (Trademark) training: An implementation model for NASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, Sue; Freedman, Glenn

    1988-01-01

    The choice of Ada for software engineering for projects such as the Space Station has resulted in government and industrial groups considering training programs that help workers become familiar with both a software culture and the intricacies of a new computer language. The questions of how much time it takes to learn software engineering with Ada, how much an organization should invest in such training, and how the training should be structured are considered. Software engineering is an emerging, dynamic discipline. It is defined by the author as the establishment and application of sound engineering environments, tools, methods, models, principles, and concepts combined with appropriate standards, guidelines, and practices to support computing which is correct, modifiable, reliable and safe, efficient, and understandable throughout the life cycle of the application. Neither the training programs needed, nor the content of such programs, have been well established. This study addresses the requirements for training for NASA personnel and recommends an implementation plan. A curriculum and a means of delivery are recommended. It is further suggested that a knowledgeable programmer may be able to learn Ada in 5 days, but that it takes 6 to 9 months to evolve into a software engineer who uses the language correctly and effectively. The curriculum and implementation plan can be adapted for each NASA Center according to the needs dictated by each project.

  17. Using Ada to implement the operations management system in a community of experts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, M. S.

    1986-01-01

    An architecture is described for the Space Station Operations Management System (OMS), consisting of a distributed expert system framework implemented in Ada. The motivation for such a scheme is based on the desire to integrate the very diverse elements of the OMS while taking maximum advantage of knowledge based systems technology. Part of the foundation of an Ada based distributed expert system was accomplished in the form of a proof of concept prototype for the KNOMES project (Knowledge-based Maintenance Expert System). This prototype successfully used concurrently active experts to accomplish monitoring and diagnosis for the Remote Manipulator System. The basic concept of this software architecture is named ACTORS for Ada Cognitive Task ORganization Scheme. It is when one considers the overall problem of integrating all of the OMS elements into a cooperative system that the AI solution stands out. By utilizing a distributed knowledge based system as the framework for OMS, it is possible to integrate those components which need to share information in an intelligent manner.

  18. What is an Intellectual Disability?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Kids Talk About: Coaches What Is an Intellectual Disability? KidsHealth > For Kids > What Is an Intellectual Disability? ... becoming an independent person. continue What Causes Intellectual Disabilities? Intellectual disabilities happen because the brain gets injured ...

  19. Genetic mapping of ada and adc mutations affecting the adaptive response of Escherichia coli to alkylating agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedgwick, B

    1982-05-01

    The adaptive response to alkylating agents is an inducible repair system which protects Escherichia coli against the mutagenicity and toxicity of these agents. Four mutations, ada-3, ada-5, ada-6, and adc-1, which confer differing phenotypes as regards this response, were shown to be cotransducible with gyrA, and were located at 47 min on the E. coli genetic map. A mutation already shown on the map at 47 min as tag (B. J. Bachmann and K. B. Low, Microbiol. Rev. 44:1--56, 1980; Karran et al., J. Mol. Biol. 140:101--127, 1980) is now known to be an ada mutation (G. Evensen and E. Seeberg, personal communication).

  20. China Disabled Persons' Federation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    China Disabled Persons' Federation (CDPF), founded in Beijing in 1988, is a national organization of/for all persons with disabilities (PWDs) of different categories in China. Mr. Deng Pufang is currently the Chairman.

  1. What Are Learning Disabilities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... space, and writing down their thoughts. 6 , 7 Dyscalculia. People with this math learning disability may have ... National Center for Learning Disabilities. (2010). What is dyscalculia? Retrieved June 26, 2012, from https://www.understood. ...

  2. SSA Disability Claim Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The dataset includes fiscal year data for initial claims for SSA disability benefits that were referred to a state agency for a disability determination. Specific...

  3. Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Ada (Trademark) Technology (2nd) Held at Hampton, Virginia on March 27, 28, 1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-03-01

    to PDL as defined by Uaine and Gordon is a mission requiremonts and system parameters." ’ pidgin ’ language in that it uses the vocabulary of one...greatest advantage to a design language wnich generating a standard pidgin language merginq Ada is a subset of a target language is that ’iinten- with...commentary and English, appropriate Ada keywords are combined with annotations defined. These serve to extend the English narrative in the classical pidgin

  4. A High Accuracy Pedestrian Detection System Combining a Cascade AdaBoost Detector and Random Vector Functional-Link Net

    OpenAIRE

    Zhihui Wang; Sook Yoon; Shan Juan Xie; Yu Lu; Dong Sun Park

    2014-01-01

    In pedestrian detection methods, their high accuracy detection rates are always obtained at the cost of a large amount of false pedestrians. In order to overcome this problem, the authors propose an accurate pedestrian detection system based on two machine learning methods: cascade AdaBoost detector and random vector functional-link net. During the offline training phase, the parameters of a cascade AdaBoost detector and random vector functional-link net are trained by standard dataset. These...

  5. [Temporary disability and its legal implications].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Fumadó, Carles; Martí Amengual, Gabriel; Puig Bausili, Lluïsa; Arimany-Manso, Josep

    2014-03-01

    Temporary disability is the condition that workers face when, as the result of illness (common or professional) or accident (work-related or not), they are temporarily prevented from performing their work and require health care. The management of temporary disability is a medical act that involves (in addition to a complex clinical assessment) obvious social, occupational and financial connotations and requires continuing medical follow-up from doctors, as well as responses to medical-legal conflicts. The regulatory framework on the subject is extensive in the Spanish setting and highly diverse in the European setting. Beyond the regulatory framework, the repercussions of temporary disability are self-evident at all levels. Although determining temporary disability is a common medical act for practicing physicians, it is not exempt from risks or difficulties arising from the assessment itself and the characteristics of practicing medical care. Established medical-legal conflicts include the processing of health data and the requirements for transferring information related to workers' temporary disability to their company's medical services. The interest and usefulness demonstrated by the data obtained from forensic medicine for public health require the incorporation of these data into general healthcare information, as it could be essential to the surveillance of worker health. The recommendations established by medical societies, as good practice guidelines, are especially useful in this type of conflict.

  6. Biochemical detection of E-ADA on Neospora caninum tachyzoites and the effects of a specific enzymatic inhibitor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre A. Tonin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. This study aimed to investigate the presence and activity of the ecto adenosine deaminase (E-ADA enzyme in tachyzoites of Neospora caninum (Nc-1 strain, as well as to assess the activity of a well-known E-ADA inhibitor, the deoxycoformycin. Materials and methods. The parasites were grown in cell culture, being subsequently separated in a pellet of tachyzoites, on which the E-ADA activity was tested using the concentrations 0 (control, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.8 mg mL-1. Results. The E-ADA showed high activity, progressively increasing its activity according to the enhancement of the protein concentration. The test was carried out with different concentrations of deoxycoformycin, showing that it was able to inhibit the E-ADA present on the free form of the parasite. Conclusions. Based on these results we conclude that the E-ADA is present on tachyzoites of N. caninum, and deoxycoformycin is able to inhibit this enzyme. In this sense, knowing the negative impact of N. caninum on reproductive issue in cattle (mainly abortion, might it is an alternative in order to deal with this parasitic infection.

  7. Enabling the Disabled

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    China tries to improve the quality of life for disabled people Based on achievements during the past five years, people with disabilities in China will have greater access to education and employment during the 12th Five-Year Plan period (2011-15), said Wang Naikun, Executive Vice President of the China Disabled Persons’ Federation (CDPF).

  8. Social Psychoanalytic Disability Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodley, Dan

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores connections and tensions between psychoanalysis and disability studies. The first part of the paper considers contemporaneous engagements with the psyche by a number of disability studies writers. These scholars have remained accountable to a politicised disability studies but have pushed for critical encounters with the…

  9. Balancing Acts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Past Issues Special Section: Focus on Communication Balancing Acts Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table of Contents For ... scientific research on hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language—common elements in how we perceive ...

  10. Ethics, Economics and Dentistry for Individuals with Disabilities in New York State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldman, H Barry; Perlman, Steven P

    2016-03-01

    The ADA Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct is an expression of the obligation occurring between the profession and society to meet the oral health needs of the public. At a time of economic concerns for the profession, suggestions are made to bring together the ethics of the profession and the need to expand services to underserved populations, including individuals with disabilities and the poor. The profession's effort to secure economic support for such an effort is possible with increased legislative awareness of the magnitude of the problem. To this end, the number of individuals with disabilities was developed for each Congressional district in New York State in an effort to challenge members of Congress to recognize the need in terms of their constituents, rather than in terms of the tens of millions with disabilities in the United States-which become "just numbers," not actual people.

  11. Facing up to disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Shakespeare

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Ways of thinking about and responding to disability have radically changed in recent decades. Traditionally, disability was regarded in terms of sin, karma, or divine punishment. More recently, disability was made a medical issue and defined in terms of shortcomings of body or mind, which had to be prevented or cured at all costs. In the late 20th century, people with disabilities worldwide became more organised and created national and international disabled people’s organisations. They successfully demanded that disability be seen as a matter of equal opportunities and human rights, a shift which has now been described in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. This is a global treaty which has so far been signed by 155 states and passed into law by 127.

  12. Beyond (Models of) Disability?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaudry, Jonas-Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    The strategy of developing an ontology or models of disability as a prior step to settling ethical issues regarding disabilities is highly problematic for two reasons. First, key definitional aspects of disability are normative and cannot helpfully be made value-neutral. Second, if we accept that the contested concept of disability is value-laden, it is far from obvious that there are definitive reasons for choosing one interpretation of the concept over another. I conclude that the concept of disability is better left ethically open-ended or broad enough to encompass the examination of various ethical issues (such as oppression, minority rights, or physical discomfort). Alternatively, the concept of disability could be altogether abandoned in order to focus on specific issues without being hindered by debates about the nature of disability. Only political costs, rather than conceptual considerations internal to the models, could be weighed against such a conclusion. PMID:26892249

  13. Integrated Disability Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Angeloni

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This article sets out to increase awareness regarding the wide and universal significance of disability, as well as the important benefits of an Integrated Disability Management (IDM approach. The scientific basis for IDM is explored in the first place through an analysis of its relationship to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF. The conceptual paradigm of the ICF shares an ideological position with the IDM approach in that they are both underpinned by dynamic and multidimensional constructions of disability, which imply equally holistic and interdisciplinary responses. The IDM approach can be applied across a diversity of human situations to provide solutions that reflect the multifaceted and widespread nature of disability. The IDM approach is intended as a strategy capable of handling: inclusion of people with disabilities, active aging of human resources, health and safety in the workplace, prevention of disabilities and various diseases, return-to-work, absenteeism, and presenteeism.

  14. Seed specific expression and analysis of recombinant human adenosine deaminase (hADA) in three host plant species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doshi, Ketan M; Loukanina, Natalia N; Polowick, Patricia L; Holbrook, Larry A

    2016-10-01

    The plant seed is a leading platform amongst plant-based storage systems for the production of recombinant proteins. In this study, we compared the activity of human adenosine deaminase (hADA) expressed in transgenic seeds of three different plant species: pea (Pisum sativum L.), Nicotiana benthamiana L. and tarwi (Lupinus mutabilis Sweet). All three species were transformed with the same expression vector containing the hADA gene driven by the seed-specific promoter LegA2 with an apoplast targeting pinII signal peptide. During the study, several independent transgenic lines were generated and screened from each plant species and only lines with a single copy of the gene of interest were used for hADA expression analysis. A stable transgenic canola line expressing the ADA protein, under the control of 35S constitutive promoter was used as both as a positive control and for comparative study with the seed specific promoter. Significant differences were detected in the expression of hADA. The highest activity of the hADA enzyme (Units/g seed) was reported in tarwi (4.26 U/g) followed by pea (3.23 U/g) and Nicotiana benthamiana (1.69 U/g). The expression of mouse ADA in canola was very low in both seed and leaf tissue compared to other host plants, confirming higher activity of seed specific promoter. Altogether, these results suggest that tarwi could be an excellent candidate for the production of valuable recombinant proteins.

  15. 20 CFR 404.1401 - What is the interrelationship between the Railroad Retirement Act and the Old-Age, Survivors and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Railroad Retirement Act and the Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance Program of the Social Security Act? 404.1401 Section 404.1401 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Interrelationship of Old-Age, Survivors and Disability...

  16. An Evaluation of an Ada Implementation of the Rete Algorithm for Embedded Flight Processors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    assert rule I running at a higher salience than the retract rule. This assert rule makes use of the CLIPS/Ada GENSYM function to generate new object...names. GENSYM concatenates an incremented symbol count to the string "gen" (e.g. successive calls to GENSYM might 3 produce genl, gen2, gen3,...). This...is offset by the use of the GENSYM function, which generated the distinct object names. The offset is 3 evident when comparing the performances of the

  17. Ilíada, um terreno de glória

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Un poema épico, de expresión fundamentalmente masculina y militar, como la Ilíada, sitúa la noción de gloria entre los principios sólidos que alimentan el ánimo guerrero y que estimulan la valentía al servicio de su propia salvación y la de los suyos. Alcanzarla exige esfuerzo y solidaridad, y, al mismo tiempo, produce enormes compensaciones; por la gloria, el ser humano conquista la consideración de quienes lo rodean y, sobre todo, es así como sobrepasa su propia transitoriedad. Es éste el p...

  18. EASY-SIM: A Visual Simulation System Software Architecture with an ADA 9X Application Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-12-01

    P, =,c- ad C-at John Vanderburgh also helped keep my head above water. Four employees of Silicon Graphics, Inc. provided the tools for me to use Ada... devop -_ ment of software systems within a domain. Because an architecture promotes reuse at the design level, systems developers do not have to devote...de- briefing tool for the Air Force’s Red Flag,.. ,ex.rce - ,ar,,o, J. Talte,2,)-%a 1 gives the details of the research projects completed in 1993

  19. An Ada Linear-Algebra Software Package Modeled After HAL/S

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klumpp, Allan R.; Lawson, Charles L.

    1990-01-01

    New avionics software written more easily. Software package extends Ada programming language to include linear-algebra capabilities similar to those of HAL/S programming language. Designed for such avionics applications as Space Station flight software. In addition to built-in functions of HAL/S, package incorporates quaternion functions used in Space Shuttle and Galileo projects and routines from LINPAK solving systems of equations involving general square matrices. Contains two generic programs: one for floating-point computations and one for integer computations. Written on IBM/AT personal computer running under PC DOS, v.3.1.

  20. Libertad soñada y libertad concreta en la época ilustrada

    OpenAIRE

    Bello Reguera, Eduardo

    1994-01-01

    ¿Ha inventado la libertad el siglo XVIII? El análisis, que podría hacerse desde la triple experiencia de la libertad artística, "libertina" y política, se limita aquí al examen de esta última tanto desde la perspectiva de la Revolución Gloriosa teorizada por Locke en Two Essays of Government, como desde la experiencia de la Revolución Francesa, anticipada teóricamente en Du contrat social, así como desde la perspectiva de la "meta soñada" prevista por Kant. Is freedom an XVIIIth Century in...

  1. Acerca de lo divino en la "Orestíada" de Esquilo

    OpenAIRE

    David E. Morales Troncoso

    2006-01-01

    La única trilogía completa que se conserva de Esquilo, la "Orestíada", es fundamental para comprender la evolución del concepto y de la institución de justicia en relación con hechos de sangre. En la presente interpretación se busca recrear esta tragedia clásica desde la perspectiva de la participación de las personalidades divinas, que terminan siendo los agentes fundamentales en la resolución del Mito. (The only complete trilogy of Aeschylus, the "Oresteia", is a key to understand the evolu...

  2. Resultados del tratamiento a pacientes con tríada terrible del codo

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor Gabriel Díaz Carrillo; William Álvarez Consuegra; Michel Quevedo Pérez

    2015-01-01

    La luxación del codo, asociada a la fractura del proceso coronoideo y a la fractura de la cabeza radial, es denominada “tríada terrible del codo”, debido a la complejidad al abordar el tratamiento correcto y lo desalentador de los resultados que se obtienen con el mismo. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, donde se recogen los resultados postoperatorios, obtenidos en cuatro pacientes con inestabilidad traumática aguda del codo, tratados entre enero de 2012 y mayo de 2013, que acudieron inicial...

  3. An Ada Linear-Algebra Software Package Modeled After HAL/S

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klumpp, Allan R.; Lawson, Charles L.

    1990-01-01

    New avionics software written more easily. Software package extends Ada programming language to include linear-algebra capabilities similar to those of HAL/S programming language. Designed for such avionics applications as Space Station flight software. In addition to built-in functions of HAL/S, package incorporates quaternion functions used in Space Shuttle and Galileo projects and routines from LINPAK solving systems of equations involving general square matrices. Contains two generic programs: one for floating-point computations and one for integer computations. Written on IBM/AT personal computer running under PC DOS, v.3.1.

  4. The Effects of Identity and Psychological Empowerment on Accommodation Usage and Achievement for College Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Yeana W.

    2015-01-01

    More than ever, students with disabilities are enrolling in higher education, yet despite their growth, they still underperform compared to their nondisabled peers in grades and graduation rates. The Americans with Disabilities Act grants students with disabilities access to special accommodations and services in postsecondary institutions, and…

  5. 38 CFR 3.902 - Treasonable acts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... veteran entitled to disability compensation has forfeited his or her right, any part of the compensation... has forfeited his or her right, any part of the pension payable except for the forfeiture provision... which criminal prosecution could be instituted; or (3) The treasonable act was committed in...

  6. 76 FR 70131 - Sunshine Act Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ... Discrimination in Employment Act, and 3. Overcoming Barriers to the Employment of Veterans with Disabilities...) 663-4074 (TTY) at any time for information on these meetings. The EEOC provides sign language interpretation and Communication Access Realtime Translation (CART) services at Commission meetings for the...

  7. Longer-term effects of ADAS use on speed and headway control in drivers diagnosed with Parkinson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dotzauer, Mandy; Caljouw, Simone R; De Waard, Dick; Brouwer, Wiebo H

    2015-01-01

    An advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) provided information about speed limits, speed, speeding, and following distance. Information was presented to the participants by means of a head-up display. Effects of the information on speed and headway control were studied in a longer-term driving simulator study including 12 repeated measures spread out over 4 weeks. Nine healthy older drivers between the ages of 65 and 82 years and 9 drivers between the ages of 68 and 82 years diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD) participated in the study. Within the 4 weeks, groups completed 12 consecutive sessions (10 with ADAS and 2 without ADAS) in a driving simulator. Results indicate an effect of ADAS use on performance. Removing ADAS after short-term exposure led to deterioration of performance in all speed measures in the group of drivers diagnosed with PD. These results suggest that provision of traffic information was utilized by drivers diagnosed with PD in order to control their speed.

  8. Characterization of yeast histone H3-specific type B histone acetyltransferases identifies an ADA2-independent Gcn5p activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parthun Mark R

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The acetylation of the core histone NH2-terminal tails is catalyzed by histone acetyltransferases. Histone acetyltransferases can be classified into two distinct groups (type A and B on the basis of cellular localization and substrate specificity. Type B histone acetyltransferases, originally defined as cytoplasmic enzymes that acetylate free histones, have been proposed to play a role in the assembly of chromatin through the acetylation of newly synthesized histones H3 and H4. To date, the only type B histone acetyltransferase activities identified are specific for histone H4. Results To better understand the role of histone acetylation in the assembly of chromatin structure, we have identified additional type B histone acetyltransferase activities specific for histone H3. One such activity, termed HatB3.1, acetylated histone H3 with a strong preference for free histones relative to chromatin substrates. Deletion of the GCN5 and ADA3 genes resulted in the loss of HatB3.1 activity while deletion of ADA2 had no effect. In addition, Gcn5p and Ada3p co-fractionated with partially purified HatB3.1 activity while Ada2p did not. Conclusions Yeast extracts contain several histone acetyltransferase activities that show a strong preference for free histone H3. One such activity, termed HatB3.1, appears to be a novel Gcn5p-containing complex which does not depend on the presence of Ada2p.

  9. Injuries and Individuals with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Chaudhry, Ramiz A.

    2009-01-01

    Children and adults with disabilities are at an increased risk of injury. Falls are the leading mechanism of injury regardless of the disability status and are even more common in those with moderate or severe disabilities. The setting for the injury differs with the disability status. Compared to individuals with moderate or no disabilities,…

  10. The subsurface geology along the route of the new bridge at Ada Ciganlija Island (Belgrade, Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knežević Slobodan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The largest single-pylon, cable-stayed bridge in the world was opened in Belgrade on January 1, 2012 and it passes over the tip of the Ada Ciganlija Island. Its monumentality, architectural design and construction innovations became a new symbol of Belgrade. Core samples from the boreholes drilled for the construction of the bridge revealed a relatively complex subsurface geological structure. An Upper Cretaceous-Paleogene flysch formation and Middle Miocene Sarmatian sediments were found near the surface on the right bank of the Sava River. However, at the tip of Ada Ciganlija, the Upper Cretaceous-Palaeogene flysch strata were found below several different Miocene and Quaternary units. In the deepest borehole DB-6, the flysch deposits were found at a depth of 80 meters. On the left bank of the Sava River in New Belgrade, only Upper Miocene Pannonian marls and Pleistocene and Holocene alluvial deposits were drilled. Based on a comparative analysis of the borehole sections and structural characteristics of the rocks, it could be concluded that the Pre-Quaternary units cascade subsided along sub-parallel faults towards N-NW. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 176015

  11. Faktor-Faktor Dalam Desain Penunjang Buku Autobiografi I Made Ada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asthararianty .

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A sculptor named I Made Ada that comes from Pakuduwi village, Tegallalang, Gianyar, Bali and his work of garuda statues have been recognized worlwide. His works are spread all over the world. It causes fear that history will be repeated again. That is a claim from our neighboring country about our origins’ culture. The journey of I Made Ada the sculptor is worth to be documented as an autobiography that contains and tells every authentic data in detail and also so that Indonesian people may know about I Made Ada’s existence. The method used to collect all the needed data are observation, interview, and documentation. The making of an autobiography can create an understanding that this is one of Indonesian richness cultures that need to be kept and preserved. Furthermore, this book is presented as an authentic proof that can facilitate in managing patents and legality rights processes on intellectual properties. This autobiography book is designed by combining modern with traditional impressions and supported by photography, information resources, and other attractive interests.

  12. Generic Ada code in the NASA space station command, control and communications environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcdougall, D. P.; Vollman, T. E.

    1986-01-01

    The results of efforts to apply powerful Ada constructs to the formatted message handling process are described. The goal of these efforts was to extend the state-of-technology in message handling while at the same time producing production-quality, reusable code. The first effort was initiated in September, 1984 and delivered in April, 1985. That product, the Generic Message Handling Facility, met initial goals, was reused, and is available in the Ada Repository on ARPANET. However, it became apparent during its development that the initial approach to building a message handler template was not optimal. As a result of this initial effort, several alternate approaches were identified, and research is now on-going to identify an improved product. The ultimate goal is to be able to instantly build a message handling system for any message format given a specification of that message format. The problem lies in how to specify the message format, and one that is done, how to use that information to build the message handler. Message handling systems and message types are described. The initial efforts, its results and its shortcomings are detailed. The approach now being taken to build a system which will be significantly easier to implement, and once implemented, easier to use, is described. Finally, conclusions are offered.

  13. Plantio direto de alface americana sobre plantas de cobertura dessecadas ou roçadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Cristina Silva Hirata

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o plantio direto de alface americana no verão sobre plantas de cobertura dessecadas ou roçadas em cultivos sucessivos. O trabalho foi desenvolvido no município de Álvares Machado, São Paulo, Brasil. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos ao acaso, dispostos em parcelas subdivididas, com quatro repetições. O fator da parcela principal foram dois manejos das plantas de cobertura (dessecadas com herbicida ou roçadas e as subparcelas, seis espécies de plantas de cobertura (Cajanus cajan cv. IAPAR 43, Crotalaria spectabilis, Crotalaria juncea, Mucuna pruriens, Pennisetum glaucum e vegetação natural, além da testemunha sem plantas de cobertura. O manejo roçado apresentou desempenho inferior no primeiro cultivo da alface, todavia não diferiu do manejo químico no segundo cultivo. A cobertura do solo com mucuna apresentou maior produtividade da alface no primeiro cultivo devido ao excesso de palha das demais coberturas, o qual prejudicou o estabelecimento da alface. No segundo cultivo não houve diferenças entre as coberturas. A roçagem de plantas de cobertura é uma opção viável para plantio direto de alface sem herbicidas.

  14. Integrating automated structured analysis and design with Ada programming support environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hecht, Alan; Simmons, Andy

    1986-01-01

    Ada Programming Support Environments (APSE) include many powerful tools that address the implementation of Ada code. These tools do not address the entire software development process. Structured analysis is a methodology that addresses the creation of complete and accurate system specifications. Structured design takes a specification and derives a plan to decompose the system subcomponents, and provides heuristics to optimize the software design to minimize errors and maintenance. It can also produce the creation of useable modules. Studies have shown that most software errors result from poor system specifications, and that these errors also become more expensive to fix as the development process continues. Structured analysis and design help to uncover error in the early stages of development. The APSE tools help to insure that the code produced is correct, and aid in finding obscure coding errors. However, they do not have the capability to detect errors in specifications or to detect poor designs. An automated system for structured analysis and design TEAMWORK, which can be integrated with an APSE to support software systems development from specification through implementation is described. These tools completement each other to help developers improve quality and productivity, as well as to reduce development and maintenance costs. Complete system documentation and reusable code also resultss from the use of these tools. Integrating an APSE with automated tools for structured analysis and design provide capabilities and advantages beyond those realized with any of these systems used by themselves.

  15. Subjetividades ameaçadas: mudança de nome de testemunhas protegidas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cássia Maria Rosato

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Esse trabalho apresenta um estudo exploratório dos casos de mudança de identidade realizados no Brasil, no âmbito do Programa de Proteção a Vítimas e Testemunhas Ameaçadas, através da Lei Federal 9.807/99. Para tanto, parte dos conceitos de identidade e subjetividade como elementos-chave para identificar e compreender os impactos objetivos e subjetivos dessa medida de proteção. Como não existem estudos brasileiros empíricos sobre mudança de identidade, foram trazidas experiências de programas de proteção de outros países para compará-las à realidade brasileira. Para produzir esses dados foi feita a aplicação de questionários semiestruturados junto a profissionais ligados ao Programa. O objetivo dessa investigação buscou conhecer melhor a mudança de identidade como uma medida de proteção ainda pouco utilizada e consequentemente contribuir para o aperfeiçoamento da política brasileira. Por fim, reconhece-se a importância da Psicologia nos processos de mudança de nome de pessoas ameaçadas.

  16. A Robust AdaBoost.RT Based Ensemble Extreme Learning Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pengbo Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Extreme learning machine (ELM has been well recognized as an effective learning algorithm with extremely fast learning speed and high generalization performance. However, to deal with the regression applications involving big data, the stability and accuracy of ELM shall be further enhanced. In this paper, a new hybrid machine learning method called robust AdaBoost.RT based ensemble ELM (RAE-ELM for regression problems is proposed, which combined ELM with the novel robust AdaBoost.RT algorithm to achieve better approximation accuracy than using only single ELM network. The robust threshold for each weak learner will be adaptive according to the weak learner’s performance on the corresponding problem dataset. Therefore, RAE-ELM could output the final hypotheses in optimally weighted ensemble of weak learners. On the other hand, ELM is a quick learner with high regression performance, which makes it a good candidate of “weak” learners. We prove that the empirical error of the RAE-ELM is within a significantly superior bound. The experimental verification has shown that the proposed RAE-ELM outperforms other state-of-the-art algorithms on many real-world regression problems.

  17. ADA1 and NET1 Genes of Yeast Mediate Both Chromosome Maintenance and Mitochondrial $\\rho^{-}$ Mutagenesis

    CERN Document Server

    Koltovaya, N A; Tchekhouta, I A; Devin, A B

    2002-01-01

    An increase in the mitochondrial (mt) rho^- mutagenesis is a well-known respose of yeast cells to mutations in the numerous nuclear genes as well as to various kinds of stress. Notwithstanding the extensive studies during several decades the biological significance of this response is not yet fully understood. The genetic approach to solution of this subject includes the study of genes that are required for the high incidence of spontaneous rho^- mutants. Previously we found that mutations in certain nuclear genes including CDC28, the central cell-cycle regulation gene, may decrease the spontaneous rho^- mutability and simultaneously affect maintenance of the yeast chromosomes and plasmids. The present work provides data on identification of two more genes, resembling CDC28 in this respect. These genes NET1 and ADA1 mediate important regulatory protein-protein interactions in the yeast cell. The effects of net1 and ada1 mutations on the maintenance of yeast mt genome, chromosomes and plasmids as well as on ce...

  18. A Logic Architecture for 360 ADAS-Alerts for Hazards Detection Based in Driver Actions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izquierdo-Reyes Javier

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work is presented a novel approach for passive safety in vehicles by Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS alert emission in 360° around driver to notify about hazards nearby the vehicle depending on the actions taken by driver per the context. This proposal would create a more robust system compared to current passive ADAS systems since the feedback to driver is in the same direction that hazard is detected (Punctual Sound Source Alert, compared with most assistance systems that emits sounds from the monitor or from the dashboard provoking distractions when emits alerts unnecessarily. The increase of security by this method will allow the driver to be aware of their surroundings even in a very quiet cabin or in a noisy environment. Also, it would detect the steering wheel angle, speed of movement and the activation of turning lights among other alerts, which would allow us to define a critical action during driving; apart from using sensors and cameras aimed at the driver to detect patterns of movement during these critical actions and have a prediction of a possible turn or manoeuvre when driving, refer to Figure 1. It will be necessary a reconfiguration of the alert in frequency, time of action depending upon the level of risk to prevent an accident or to reduce the consequences in an imminent accident.

  19. Disability and global development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durocher, Joan; Lord, Janet; Defranco, Allison

    2012-07-01

    The United States invests billions of taxpayer dollars each year into foreign assistance programs that foster international diplomacy and development directed toward improving the quality of life for people around the world. These programs develop economies and combat poverty, promote democracy and governance, build new infrastructure, advance and protect human rights, among other development goals. The United States cannot effectively accomplish the goals of foreign assistance programs unless it undertakes measures to ensure that the programs are accessible to and inclusive of people with disabilities. The United States has been a leader in advancing the rights of people with disabilities and must continue to promote disability rights through its international development work. Overseas economic development will not be successful unless people with disabilities are included. Because of the significant number of people with disabilities in developing countries, if they are not included, the very economic growth the United States is trying to foster will be hindered. The goals of democracy and governance programs cannot be achieved without the inclusion of people with disabilities. In many countries, domestic law contains blatant discriminatory provisions for people with disabilities that undermine access to justice and full participation in society. The provisions that discriminate against people with disabilities include arbitrary exclusions in electoral codes, sweeping plenary guardianship laws with no due-process protections, discriminatory banking practices, and inaccessible court proceedings. National disability legal frameworks remain underdeveloped throughout the world.

  20. The Matter of Disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, David T; Snyder, Sharon L

    2016-12-01

    By ruling out questions of impairment from the social critique of disability, Disability Studies (DS) analyses establish a limit point in the field. Of course the setting of "limits" enables possibilities in multiple directions as well as fortifies boundaries of refusal. For instance, impairment (the biological conditions of an organism's inefficient attachment to the world) becomes in DS simultaneously a productive refusal to interpret disabled bodies as inferior to non-disabled bodies (i.e. pathologized) and a bar to thinking through more active engagements with disability as materiality. Disability materiality such as conditions produced by ecological toxicities serve as active switch-points for creative corporeal navigations of the interaction between bodies and environments.In fact in this paper we want to propose a more "lively" definition of disability materiality to existing definitions of impairment as limiting expressions of non-normative bodies. We have no useful ways of explaining disability as adaptation and it's time we begin the process of theorizing more active ideas of materiality that extend existing ideas of disability beyond simplistic conceptions of socially rejected biologies made available by social constructivist thought.

  1. Disability and voting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsubayashi, Tetsuya; Ueda, Michiko

    2014-07-01

    For millions of people with disabilities in the United States, exercising the fundamental right to vote remains a challenge. Over the last few decades, the U.S. government has enacted several pieces of legislation to make voting accessible to individuals with disabilities. We examine trends in self-reported voting rates among people with and without disabilities to uncover evidence for the effects of these policies on political participation. We also explore what policy change is necessary to encourage people with disabilities to vote by investigating whether the participation rates vary by the types of disabilities. We analyze the Current Population Survey (CPS) data in the years of presidential elections for the period of 1980-2008. Our analysis shows that the population aged 18-64 with work-preventing disabilities has been persistently less likely to vote compared to the corresponding population without such disabilities. In addition, individuals with cognitive and mobility impairments have the lowest rates of electoral participation. The gap in the likelihood of voting in-person between people with and without disabilities is considerably larger than the gap in the likelihood of voting by-mail, regardless of the types of impairments that they have. The participation gap between people with and without disabilities did not decrease over the last three decades despite the presence of federal laws that aimed at removing barriers for voting. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Reviewing the models of disability within the frameworks for the empowerment of people with disabilities in Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Sibanda

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper reviews the context of empowerment of people with disabilities in Zimbabwe. A critical situational analysis reveals that, despite the existence of reasonably disability legislative frameworks, people with disabilities are still looked down upon and often marginalized particularly when it comes to employment. Unemployment and under-employment of people with disabilities is positively correlated with lack of adequate education and training. One  reason for the status quo is that legislative frameworks such as the Education Act (1987, the Disabled Persons Act (1992, the Indeginisation and Empowerment Act (2007 and the new Constitution of Zimbabwe (2013 itself are too generalized.The paper argues that some of the prejudices that are reflected through the exigencies and barriers to empowerment people with disabilities have to go through are a result of the use of disempowering models such as the medical, expert, rehabilitation and the moral models. These models have shaped the negative ways in which people with disabilities are viewed in Zimbabwe. The government has taken positive steps towards the establishment of inclusive education but lack of resources has clouded these efforts and hampered the realization of full socio-economic and political participation of people with disabilities. For that matter, education and training are identified in this paper as the most basic tools for empowering the marginalized and disadvantaged groups. Based on the foregoing arguments, the paper concludes that people with disabilities in Zimbabwe have generally not been empowered due to either lack of clarity of policies, lack of resources, lack of political will or mere ignorance about disability. The paper also notes lack of current disability activism in Zimbabwe as another major impediment to empowerment. On these bases, the paper recommends an all-inclusive framework of empowerment of people with disabilities in Zimbabwe, collaboration in policy

  3. The social model of disability: dichotomy between impairment and disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anastasiou, Dimitris; Kauffman, James M

    2013-08-01

    The rhetoric of the social model of disability is presented, and its basic claims are critiqued. Proponents of the social model use the distinction between impairment and disability to reduce disabilities to a single social dimension-social oppression. They downplay the role of biological and mental conditions in the lives of disabled people. Consequences of denying biological and mental realities involving disabilities are discussed. People will benefit most by recognizing both the biological and the social dimensions of disabilities.

  4. Inclusion of Students with an Intellectual Disability in the General Education Classroom with the Use of Response Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Laura S.; Haydon, Todd; Bauer, Anne; Epperly, Anna C.

    2016-01-01

    The passage of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act and the No Child Left Behind Act has highlighted the importance of all students having access to the general education curriculum. Because students with disabilities are being included in the general education classroom in greater numbers, teachers need to implement…

  5. Office of Disability Employment Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... OF LABOR Facebook Twitter RSS Email Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) Menu About ODEP About ODEP ... Youth in Transition Publications for Order and Download Disability Statistics September 2017 Disability Employment Statistics Ages 16 ...

  6. Minority Perceptions of the Disabled.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grand, Sheldon A.; Strohmer, Douglas C.

    1983-01-01

    Investigated the attitudes of Black versus White male students (N=60) toward three different disability types. Results showed significant differences between race, disability type, and social distance with Blacks evaluating disabled persons more highly. (LLL)

  7. The Relevance of Disability Perspectives in Music Therapy Practice with Children and Young People who have Intellectual Disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daphne Joan Rickson

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the ways in which a disability studies orientation can be incorporated into music therapy approaches with children and young people who have intellectual disability. A broad overview of medical, social, cultural and affirmative models of disability precedes a vignette describing music therapists and young people with intellectual disability engaged in a music research project which was grounded in the affirmative approach. The young people valued opportunities to be engaged in both music and research activities, and worked hard to express their views and to act upon them in the music context. However several expressed relatively high levels of ambivalence regarding potential opportunities that were afforded to them in the wider community, highlighting the need for adults to carefully monitor the ‘activist’ stance in the context of individual experience. The significant potential for music therapists to engage in participatory approaches with children and young people with intellectual disability is highlighted.

  8. Disabled Veteran Leave and Other Miscellaneous Changes. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-05

    The Office of Personnel Management is issuing final regulations to implement the Wounded Warriors Federal Leave Act of 2015, which establishes a separate new leave category, to be known as "disabled veteran leave," available during a 12-month period beginning on the first day of employment to be used by an employee who is a veteran with a service-connected disability rated at 30 percent or more for purposes of undergoing medical treatment for such disability. We are also rescinding two obsolete leave-related regulations.

  9. Disability, poverty and development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Disability is both a cause and consequence of poverty. Eliminating world poverty is unlikely to be achieved unless the rights and needs of people with disabilities are taken into account. According to the United Nations, one person in 20 has a disability. More than three out of four of these live in a developing country. More often than not they are among the poorest of the poor. Recent World Bank estimates suggest they may account for as many as one in five of the world's poorest. Disability limits access to education and employment, and leads to economic and social exclusion. Poor people with disabilities are caught in a vicious cycle of poverty and disability, each being both a cause and a consequence of the other. A large proportion of disability is preventable. Achieving the international development targets for economic, social and human development will undoubtedly reduce the levels of disability in many poor countries. However, general improvements in living conditions will not be enough. Specific steps are still required, not only for prevention, but also to ensure that people with disabilities are able to participate fully in the development process, obtain a fair share of the benefits, and claim their rights as full and equal members of society. An integrated approach is required, linking prevention and rehabilitation with empowerment strategies and changes in attitudes. This paper assesses the significance of disability as a key development issue, and its importance in relation to poverty, human rights, and the achievement of internationally agreed development targets. It also sets out ways in which development co-operation, including DFID's own work, can help incorporate the rights and needs of people with disabilities into the mainstream of poverty reduction work and the achievement of human rights.

  10. Disability in anxiety disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendriks, Sanne M; Spijker, Jan; Licht, Carmilla M M; Beekman, Aartjan T F; Hardeveld, Florian; de Graaf, Ron; Batelaan, Neeltje M; Penninx, Brenda W J H

    2014-09-01

    This study compares disability levels between different anxiety disorders and healthy controls. We further investigate the role of anxiety arousal and avoidance behaviour in disability, and whether differences in these symptom patterns contribute to disability differences between anxiety disorders. Data were from 1826 subjects from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). The Composite Interview Diagnostic Instrument was used to diagnose anxiety disorders. The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II was used to measure disability in six domains (cognition, mobility, selfcare, social interaction, life activities, participation). Severity of anxiety arousal and avoidance behaviour symptoms was measured using the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Fear Questionnaire. All anxiety disorders were associated with higher disability. Disability was generally highest in multiple anxiety disorder (e.g. mean disability in cognition=33.7) and social anxiety disorder (mean=32.7), followed by generalized anxiety disorder (mean=27.2) and panic disorder with agoraphobia (mean=26.3), and lowest in panic disorder without agoraphobia (mean=22.1). Anxiety arousal was more associated with disability in life activities (B=8.5, panxiety disorders were not completely explained by anxiety arousal and avoidance behaviour. The cross-sectional study design precludes any causal interpretations. In order to examine the full range of comorbidity among anxiety, a greater range of anxiety disorders would have been preferable. Disability is highest in social anxiety disorder and multiple anxiety disorder. Both anxiety arousal and avoidance behaviour are associated with higher disability levels but do not fully explain the differences across anxiety disorders. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Disability Discrimination and the Right of Disabled Persons to Access the Labour Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MC Marumoagae

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Inequality, discrimination and transformation remain the key challenges which most employers are faced with in the South African labour market. Key among such challenges has also been employers' ability to ensure that persons with disabilities access the labour market. In this paper I highlight employment discrimination experienced by persons with disabilities in South African workplaces, which often prohibits them from accessing employment opportunities. I argue that employers need to consider employing persons with disabilities and also reasonably to accommodate them within South African workplaces. I further illustrate efforts by the legislature to eradicate forms of unjustified discrimination against persons with disabilities through the enactment of the Employment Equity Act 55 of 1998. I argue that all of us need to understand how cultural, social, physical and other barriers continue to prevent persons with disabilities in South Africa from enjoying their constitutional rights to equality, freedom and human dignity, and further, that it is desirable that society at large and government work together towards eradicating barriers which prevent persons with disabilities from accessing the labour market.

  12. Concept Paper for the Development of a DoD Ada (Trademark) Software Engineering Education and Training Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-11-01

    ET AL. NOV 34 UNCLASSIFIED IDA-M-7 IDA/HQ-84-28940 MDA903-84-C-8@3i F/G 9/2 I ommomm pa ,. 7 -7 7, -~ 7: 7 .2 oA 1. j5 2. a LIM ~ I .~ .2 d ’ 1111...planning 3.3 WEN: SCHEDUJNS ADA EDUCAION AND) TRAINING Teaching Ada culture will be a long term activity. Unless we are willing to accept programing in...Training NAS Pensacola, FL 32508 Others Dr. Pauline Jordan * •General Electric P.O. Box 8555/M1128 Philadelphia, PA 19101 Mr. Grady Boocn Rational

  13. Ada (trade name) Compiler Validation Summary Report: Rational Environment, Version A.2.0.6 for Rational R1000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    RD-Ali57 830 ADA (TRADE NAME) COMPILER VALIDATION SUMMARY REPORT: 1/ RATIONAL ENVIRONMENT VERSION R296 FOR RATIONAL Ri888 (U) SOFTECH INC FAIRBORN OH...USoCPY WSSOS.UTM iTS GWAT % : 4 AVF Control Number: AVF-VSR-09.0585 0 IAda Compiler Validation Summary Report: Rational Environment Version A.2.0.6 For...77. . 77-4- .- REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGERED1S1IT0$ L~~~~ 1YP 0061 1tO REPORT 6 PL eDD COVERED Ada* Compiler Validation Summary Report: Rational May

  14. Prevalence of childhood disability and the characteristics and circumstances of disabled children in the UK: secondary analysis of the Family Resources Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spencer Nick J

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Robust data on the prevalence of childhood disability and the circumstances and characteristics of disabled children is crucial to understanding the relationship between impairment and social disadvantage. It is also crucial for public policy development aimed at reducing the prevalence of childhood disability and providing appropriate and timely service provision. This paper reports prevalence rates for childhood disability in the United Kingdom (UK and describes the social and household circumstances of disabled children, comparing these where appropriate to those of non-disabled children. Methods Data were generated from secondary analysis of the Family Resources Survey, a national UK cross-sectional survey, (2004/5 which had data on 16,012 children aged 0-18 years. Children were defined as disabled if they met the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA definition (1995 and 2005. Frequency distributions and cross-tabulations were run to establish prevalence estimates, and describe the circumstances of disabled children. To establish the association between individual social and material factors and childhood disability when other factors were controlled for, logistic regression models were fitted on the dependent variable 'DDA defined disability'. Results 7.3% (CI 6.9, 7.7 of UK children were reported by as disabled according to the DDA definition. Patterns of disability differed between sexes with boys having a higher rate overall and more likely than girls to experience difficulties with physical coordination; memory, concentration and learning; communication. Disabled children lived in different personal situations from their non-disabled counterparts, and were more likely to live with low-income, deprivation, debt and poor housing. This was particularly the case for disabled children from black/minority ethnic/mixed parentage groups and lone-parent households. Childhood disability was associated with lone parenthood and

  15. Prevalence of childhood disability and the characteristics and circumstances of disabled children in the UK: secondary analysis of the Family Resources Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackburn, Clare M; Spencer, Nick J; Read, Janet M

    2010-04-16

    Robust data on the prevalence of childhood disability and the circumstances and characteristics of disabled children is crucial to understanding the relationship between impairment and social disadvantage. It is also crucial for public policy development aimed at reducing the prevalence of childhood disability and providing appropriate and timely service provision. This paper reports prevalence rates for childhood disability in the United Kingdom (UK) and describes the social and household circumstances of disabled children, comparing these where appropriate to those of non-disabled children. Data were generated from secondary analysis of the Family Resources Survey, a national UK cross-sectional survey, (2004/5) which had data on 16,012 children aged 0-18 years. Children were defined as disabled if they met the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) definition (1995 and 2005). Frequency distributions and cross-tabulations were run to establish prevalence estimates, and describe the circumstances of disabled children. To establish the association between individual social and material factors and childhood disability when other factors were controlled for, logistic regression models were fitted on the dependent variable 'DDA defined disability'. 7.3% (CI 6.9, 7.7) of UK children were reported by as disabled according to the DDA definition. Patterns of disability differed between sexes with boys having a higher rate overall and more likely than girls to experience difficulties with physical coordination; memory, concentration and learning; communication. Disabled children lived in different personal situations from their non-disabled counterparts, and were more likely to live with low-income, deprivation, debt and poor housing. This was particularly the case for disabled children from black/minority ethnic/mixed parentage groups and lone-parent households. Childhood disability was associated with lone parenthood and parental disability and these associations persisted

  16. The neuro-glial properties of adipose-derived adult stromal (ADAS cells are not regulated by Notch 1 and are not derived from neural crest lineage.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip C Wrage

    Full Text Available We investigated whether adipose-derived adult stromal (ADAS are of neural crest origin and the extent to which Notch 1 regulates their growth and differentiation. Mouse ADAS cells cultured in media formulated for neural stem cells (NSC displayed limited capacity for self-renewal, clonogenicity, and neurosphere formation compared to NSC from the subventricular zone in the hippocampus. Although ADAS cells expressed Nestin, GFAP, NSE and Tuj1 in vitro, exposure to NSC differentiation supplements did not induce mature neuronal marker expression. In contrast, in mesenchymal stem cell (MSC media, ADAS cells retained their ability to proliferate and differentiate beyond 20 passages and expressed high levels of Nestin. In neuritizing cocktails, ADAS cells extended processes, downregulated Nestin expression, and displayed depolarization-induced Ca(2+ transients but no spontaneous or evoked neural network activity on Multi-Electrode Arrays. Deletion of Notch 1 in ADAS cell cultures grown in NSC proliferation medium did not significantly alter their proliferative potential in vitro or the differentiation-induced downregulation of Nestin. Co-culture of ADAS cells with fibroblasts that stably expressed the Notch ligand Jagged 1 or overexpression of the Notch intracellular domain (NICD did not alter ADAS cell growth, morphology, or cellular marker expression. ADAS cells did not display robust expression of neural crest transcription factors or genes (Sox, CRABP2, and TH; and lineage tracing analyses using Wnt1-Cre;Rosa26R-lacZ or -EYFP reporter mice confirmed that fewer than 2% of the ADAS cell population derived from a Wnt1-positive population during development. In summary, although media formulations optimized for MSCs or NSCs enable expansion of mouse ADAS cells in vitro, we find no evidence that these cells are of neural crest origin, that they can undergo robust terminal differentiation into functionally mature neurons, and that Notch 1 is likely to be

  17. Negotiating hearing disability and hearing disabled identities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lykke Hindhede, Anette

    2012-01-01

        Using disability theory as a framework and social science theories of identity to strengthen the arguments, this paper explores empirically how working-age adults confront the medical diagnosis of hearing impairment. For most participants hearing impairment threatens the stability of social...... interaction and the construction of hearing disabled identities is seen as shaped in the interaction with the hearing impaired person‟s surroundings. In order to overcome the potential stigmatisation the „passing‟ as normal becomes predominant. For many the diagnosis provokes radical redefinitions of the self....... The discursively produced categorisation and subjectivity of senescence mean that rehabilitation technologies such as hearing aids identify a particular life-style (disabled) which determines their social significance. Thus wearing a hearing aid works against the contemporary attempt to create socially ideal...

  18. Beauty and Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, David W.

    2015-01-01

    People often hold stereotypical notions about disability, assuming people with significant disabilities offer little in terms of friendship or contribution. Some are even repulsed by that person's physical appearance. Such responses, evident within the Christian community as well, fail to acknowledge the inherent worth of the person as created in…

  19. Disability Employment 101

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Business is about productivity and maintaining a competitive advantage. To do this, business needs qualified workers. Hiring people with disabilities adds value to a business and will attract new customers. Disability is not inability. President Bush's position is that he "will not be satisfied until every American who wants to work can find…

  20. Categorizing clients with disabilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldsen, Lena; Amby, Finn

    2017-01-01

    Danish governments have continuously proclaimed goals of raising the employment rate for people with disabilities, most recently in the publication “10 goal for social mobility” (Government 2016). In spite of this, the employment rate for people with disabilities has been more than 30 percent les...

  1. Enabling the Disabled

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN PUMIN

    2010-01-01

    @@ Based on achievements during the past five years, people with disabilities in China will have greater access to education and employment during the 12th Five-Year Plan period (2011-15), said Wang Naikun, Executive Vice President of the China Disabled Persons' Federation (CDPF).

  2. Moving beyond Disability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geertzen, Jan H. B.

    2008-01-01

    Moving beyond Disability was the theme of the 12th World Congress of the International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics. This paper is a reflection of one of the keynote lectures discussing the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Multicultural aspects in di

  3. Introduction: Childhood and Disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salter, Erica K

    2017-06-21

    From growth attenuation therapy for severely developmentally disabled children to the post-natal management of infants with trisomy 13 and 18, pediatric treatment decisions regularly involve assessments of the probability and severity of a child's disability. Because these decisions are almost always made by surrogate decision-makers (parents and caregivers) and because these decision-makers must often make decisions based on both prognostic guesses and potentially biased quality of life judgments, they are among the most ethically complex in pediatric care. As the introduction to HEC Forum's special thematic issue on Childhood and Disability, this article orients the reader to the history of bioethics' relationship to both pediatric ethics and disability studies and introduces the issue's five manuscripts. As clinicians, disability scholars, philosophers and clinical ethicists writing on various aspects of pediatric disability, the articles' authors all invite readers to dig beneath an overly-simplified version of what disability might mean to children and families and instead embrace a posture of genuine humility, recognizing both the limits and harms of traditional medical and bioethical responses (or indifferences) to the disabled child.

  4. Learning Disabilities and Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Paul J., Ed.; Brown, Dale S., Ed.

    This book provides information on preparing individuals with learning disabilities for the challenges of employment and outlines the rights of those with learning disabilities in the workplace. Introductory chapters in Part 1 include: "Life after School: Challenges in the Workplace" (Paul J. Gerber); "The New Economy in the 21st…

  5. Learning about Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popp, Rita Ann

    1983-01-01

    The author describes lessons provided for regular class elementary students to help them understand disabilities and disabled persons. Objectives, materials needed, and activities are outlined for six lessons focusing on the following topics: individual differences, wheelchairs; devices that help people walk; amputation, artificial limbs, and…

  6. Disability and Human Supports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeff McNair

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a brief overview of models of disability growing out of the field of disability studies and leading to a call for interventions going beyond a simply medical model approach. A brief discussion of human supports/services is provided such that readers engaged in the development of services/supports can base them on best principles.

  7. The Disabled: Media's Monster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdan, Robert; And Others

    1982-01-01

    From the early nineteenth century to the present, horror, gangster, and adventure films, television, the comics, and newspapers have shown physical and mental disabilities to connote murder, violence, and danger. Such false portrayals have promoted negative public attitudes toward people with disabilities. (Author/MJL)

  8. Learning Disabled Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoy, Cheri; Gregg, Noel

    1986-01-01

    The emerging population of learning disabled college students is presenting a new challenge to college professionals: admission officers, counselors, financial aid personnel, academic advisors, and professors. Learning disablities interfere with the ability to perceive, process, sort, store, or retrieve information regardless of level of…

  9. Dismissal through disability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ours, van Jan; Ridder, Geert; Hassink, Wolter

    1995-01-01

    If a firm wants to reduce its workforce, it may dismiss some of its workers. Altematively, it may make workers eligible for disability benefits. Upon examination these workers formally satisfy the conditions for disability enrolment. Because these conditions allow for a rather liberal interpretation

  10. Ghana: Disability and Spirituality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botts, Betsy H.; Evans, William H.

    2010-01-01

    This descriptive study explores the educational system and attitudes toward disability in the Volta Region of Ghana. Traditional, Christian, and Islamic beliefs toward disability are explored. Educators from Accra and three families from the Volta Region with children with special needs are interviewed in an effort to explore the connection…

  11. 77 FR 8234 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research... Disability and Rehabilitation Research-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Project--Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability...

  12. Advocacy Disabled in Publishing Newspapers Media in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hazzlan Sama

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the role of news media in communicating information about Disabled news to the public. The focus of the discussion centered issue and advocacy role of the news media conducted to understand the issues of persons with disabilities. Studies conducted using the method of analysis to systematically review the library of selected journals that conduct media exposure of persons with disabilities at the global level and so focused towards media conference in Malaysia. In this research, the data was obtained through databases ERIC, google scholar, Journal of Education, Journal of Social Sciences and Journal of Communication. A total of 30 articles were based on keywords such as disabled people, newspapers, news exposure to people with disabilities. However, researchers have obtained 13 articles that met after being filtered. The results obtained showed that the press releases are also still not open and not to report the news on disabilities. This is because there is a stigma that prevents acceptance of disabilities such as discrimination and negative attitudes towards them. Outlook negative stereotypes of people with disabilities who are strangers, the great ones, defects often appear in the media. Even now there is increasing advocacy for press media publishing news on this special group but the content or dissemination of information about them is still less show. Artikel ini membincangkan peranan media akhbar dalam menyampaikan maklumat berita tentang Orang Kurang Upaya kepada masyarakat. Fokus perbincangan ditumpukan isu dan peranan advokasi media akhbar dijalankan untuk memahami isu orang kurang upaya. Kajian yang dijalankan menggunakan kaedah analisis perpustakaan secara sistematik review terhadap jurnal-jurnal terpilih yang menjalankan kajian paparan media ke atas orang kurang upaya di peringkat global dan seterusnya difokus ke arah media akhbar di Malaysia. Dalam penyelidikan ini, data-data diperolehi melalui pengkalan

  13. 基于AdaBoost算法和光流匹配的实时手势识别%Real-time Gesture Recognition Based on AdaBoost Algorithm and Optical Flow Matching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凯; 于鸿洋; 张萍

    2012-01-01

    着眼于更宽泛和更便捷的应用需要,提出了基于AdaBoost算法和光流匹配的实时手势识别方案.只需连接到计算机的摄像头读取二维手势视频片段就能对手势作为较为准确的识别.其中,采用AdaBoost算法遍历图像,完成静态手势的识别工作;在动态手势的识别过程中,运用了光流法结合模板匹配的方法.整个系统对静态和动态手势的识别均具有较强的鲁棒性.%Focusing on more general and more convenient application, a novel real-time gesture recognition method based on AdaBoost algorithm and optical flow matching was put forward. In detail, the AdaBoost algorithm was used to traverse the whole image for the recognition of static gestures. As to the dynamic gestures, the method combining optical flow with template matching was utilized. The whole system has strong robustness in the recognition of both static and dynamic gestures.

  14. Aportes a la cronología del Sitio 1 de Cañada Honda (partido de Baradero, provincia de Buenos Aires Contributions to the chronology of Cañada Honda Site 1, Baradero, Buenos Aires province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia L Lanzelotti

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan dos dataciones radiocarbónicas para el Sitio 1 de Cañada Honda (partido de Baradero, provincia de Buenos Aires. Ambas se realizaron sobre restos óseos de Lama guanicoe de la Colección Cañada Honda del Museo Carlos Ameghino de Mercedes. Los fechados dieron 2030 ± 100 y 2130 ± 60 años C 14 AP. Se discuten estas edades en relación con la historia geomorfológica del lugar donde se emplaza el sitio y con el marco cronológico de las ocupaciones humanas del área.Two radiocarbon dates from Cañada Honda Site 1, Baradero, Buenos Aires province, are presented. Both were taken from bone remains of Lama guanicoe from the Cañada Honda collection of the Carlos Ameghino Museum, Mercedes. Dates of 2030 ± 100 and 2130 ± 60 C 14 years BP were obtained and are discussed in relation to the local geomorphology and chronology of the human occupation of the area.

  15. 基于AdaBoost与BP神经网络增量学习的手机用户分类预测%Mobile Phone Users Classification Forecast Based on AdaBoost and BP Neural Network Incremental Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冉

    2011-01-01

    随着3G网络的全面普及,手机广告目前已逐渐成为商家抢占市场的一种营销手段,但手机广告投放的精准性是目前比较突出的一个问题。本文介绍了BP神经网络以及AdaBoost算法的基本原理,研究了应用AdaBoost结合BP神经网络算法的增量学习模型,该模型基于用户历史点击记录来预测手机用户感兴趣的广告类别,以提高手机广告投放的精准度。%With the overall popularity of 3G networks,mobile advertising business has become a marketing tool to seize the market,but the precise nature of mobile advertising is a more prominent issue.This article describes the BP neural network and the basic principles of AdaBoost algorithm to study the application of BP neural network algorithm AdaBoost with incremental learning model that records based on user click history to predict the mobile phone users are interested in advertising categories,in order to improve the mobile advertising the accuracy.

  16. Nordic contributions to disability policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kebbon, L

    1997-04-01

    The most spectacular contribution from the nordic countries to intellectual disability policy is probably the idea of normalization, but it is not the simplistic notion that can be inferred from international debate. Its major significance may have been to act as an inspiring catchword for the important trend away from institutions into integrated living. However, it is more fully understood when seen in the concrete context where it has successively developed, and been critically analysed and tested in operation. Scandinavian sociologists and psychologists--as well as politicians--were also among the first to use the concept of quality of life for analysis of social policy, including intellectual disability. The primary medium for implementation has been legislation, where the dominant difficulty is to find a balance between security and freedom, protection and self-determination. Through this process, the role of social engineering in the welfare state, based on humanistic ideas of solidarity, can be followed into today's emphasis on individual influence and participation.

  17. Poéticas del cuerpo monstruoso en la Ilíada y la Odisea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Nava Contreras

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Si bien la tradición ha considerado que los poemas homéricos son una fuente determinante en la creación y el desarrollo de la estética griega clásica fundamentada en los ideales de belleza y armonía, también es posible identificar allí una estética de la fealdad y de lo monstruoso, basada en la desmesura y la deformidad. A través de una revisión de la descripción de criaturas como Gorgona, Quimera, Escila, los Cíclopes o el Can Cerbero, es posible elaborar una poética de lo monstruoso que opera en la Ilíada y la Odisea como recurso patémico, pero también como instrumento narrativo.

  18. AdaNET Dynamic Software Inventory (DSI) prototype component acquisition plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanley, Lionel

    1989-01-01

    A component acquisition plan contains the information needed to evaluate, select, and acquire software and hardware components necessary for successful completion of the AdaNET Dynamic Software Inventory (DSI) Management System Prototype. This plan will evolve and be applicable to all phases of the DSI prototype development. Resources, budgets, schedules, and organizations related to component acquisition activities are provided. A purpose and description of a software or hardware component which is to be acquired are presented. Since this is a plan for acquisition of all components, this section is not applicable. The procurement activities and events conducted by the acquirer are described and who is responsible is identified, where the activity will be performed, and when the activities will occur for each planned procurement. Acquisition requirements describe the specific requirements and standards to be followed during component acquisition. The activities which will take place during component acquisition are described. A list of abbreviations and acronyms, and a glossary are contained.

  19. Rdesign: A data dictionary with relational database design capabilities in Ada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lekkos, Anthony A.; Kwok, Teresa Ting-Yin

    1986-01-01

    Data Dictionary is defined to be the set of all data attributes, which describe data objects in terms of their intrinsic attributes, such as name, type, size, format and definition. It is recognized as the data base for the Information Resource Management, to facilitate understanding and communication about the relationship between systems applications and systems data usage and to help assist in achieving data independence by permitting systems applications to access data knowledge of the location or storage characteristics of the data in the system. A research and development effort to use Ada has produced a data dictionary with data base design capabilities. This project supports data specification and analysis and offers a choice of the relational, network, and hierarchical model for logical data based design. It provides a highly integrated set of analysis and design transformation tools which range from templates for data element definition, spreadsheet for defining functional dependencies, normalization, to logical design generator.

  20. ADA 和 CRP 在结核性脑膜炎和化脓性脑膜炎诊断中的应用%Application of ADA and CRP in the Diagnosis of Tuberculous Meningitis and Purulent Meningitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄赟; 黄仕辉; 徐荣金

    2016-01-01

    Objective Through the detection of meningitis patients blood and CSF (cerebrospinal fluid)in Ada (ADA)con-tent detected at the same time,blood CRP (C -reactive protein)content,for differential diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis and purulent meningitis.Method The blood and cerebrospinal fluid of patients with tuberculous meningitis and purulent meningitis in our hospital were detected by ADA and CRP.Meanwhile,The detection results of ADA and CRP were compared and analyzed with the control group of virus and other meningitis.Results By comparing the tuberculous and pyogenic meningitis and the con-trol group,blood and CSF of ADA content was significantly higher in patients with tuberculous meningitis,and the difference was quite obvious.When P <0.05,there was statistic significance;compared with tuberculousmeningitis and matched groups,CPR content in the blood of Purulen meningitis patient was obviously higher and the difference was quite distinctive.When P <0.05, there was statistic significance.Conclusion ADA joint CRP detection of early differential diagnosis of tuberculous and pyogenic meningitis has great value.%目的:通过检测脑膜炎患者血液和 CSF(脑脊液)中的 ADA(腺苷脱氨酶)含量,同时检测患者血液中的CRP(C -反应蛋白)含量,用以鉴别结核性脑膜炎和化脓性脑膜炎。方法:选取儿科结核性脑膜炎和化脓性脑膜炎患者的血及脑脊液作 ADA 和血 CRP 进行生化检测,同时以病毒性及其他脑膜炎作对照组,对 ADA 和 CRP 的检测结果进行比对分析。结果:通过对结核性和化脓性及对照组脑膜炎的比较,结核性脑膜炎患者血和 CSF 中的 ADA 含量明显增高,差异明显,具有统计学意义(P <0.05);CRP 在化脓性脑膜炎患者血液中的含量较结核性和对照组明显增加,差异明显,具有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论:ADA 联合 CRP 检测对早期鉴别诊断结核性与化脓性脑膜炎有较大价值。

  1. Negotiating hearing disability and hearing disabled identities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lykke Hindhede, Anette

    2012-01-01

    . The discursively produced categorisation and subjectivity of senescence mean that rehabilitation technologies such as hearing aids identify a particular life-style (disabled) which determines their social significance. Thus wearing a hearing aid works against the contemporary attempt to create socially ideal...

  2. Distribution of Isotopic and Environmental Tracers in Groundwater, Northern Ada County, Southwestern Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adkins, Candice B.; Bartolino, James R.

    2010-01-01

    Residents of northern Ada County, Idaho, depend on groundwater for domestic and agricultural uses. The population of this area is growing rapidly and groundwater resources must be understood for future water-resource management. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Idaho Department of Water Resources, used a suite of isotopic and environmental tracers to gain a better understanding of groundwater ages, recharge sources, and flowpaths in northern Ada County. Thirteen wells were sampled between September and October 2009 for field parameters, major anions and cations, nutrients, oxygen and hydrogen isotopes, tritium, radiocarbon, chlorofluorocarbons, and dissolved gasses. Well depths ranged from 30 to 580 feet below land surface. Wells were grouped together based on their depth and geographic location into the following four categories: shallow aquifer, intermediate/deep aquifer, Willow Creek aquifer, and Dry Creek aquifer. Major cations and anions indicated calcium-bicarbonate and sodium-bicarbonate water types in the study area. Oxygen and hydrogen isotopes carried an oxygen-18 excess signature, possibly indicating recharge from evaporated sources or water-rock interactions in the subsurface. Chlorofluorocarbons detected modern (post-1940s) recharge in every well sampled; tritium data indicated modern water (post-1951) in seven, predominantly shallow wells. Nutrient concentrations tended to be greater in wells signaling recent recharge based on groundwater age dating, thus confirming the presence of recent recharge in these wells. Corrected radiocarbon results generated estimated residence times from modern to 5,100 years before present. Residence time tended to increase with depth, as confirmed by all three age-tracers. The disagreement among residence times indicates that samples were well-mixed and that the sampled aquifers contain a mixture of young and old recharge. Due to a lack of data, no conclusions about sources of recharge could be drawn

  3. The Comparison Flow of Four Impression Compounds (Green Stick with ADA Standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mir Mohammad Rezaei

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: Low- fusing compound (type 1 is used for border molding and impressions. Flow and reproducibility of surface detail are two important characteristics of these materials. There are no valid data available comparing domestic and imported brands.Purpose: The Purpose of this study was to evaluate these two properties of four different products including Kerr (Kerr Manufacture MI 98174-2600, Harvard (Hoffman Harvard Dental GMb H Germany; Kymia (Kymia dental company 713 Iran; and Pishro (Pishro72534 Iran.Materials and Methods: All procedures were followed according to ADA and BSStandard.Total number of 48 samples were divided into 8 groups (6 in each group.Twenty disks were fabricated for impression tests. The specimen dimensions were 40 mm (diameter and 6mm (thickness. Standard test blocks were used to test the specimens.Results: The Willcoxon test showed significant difference in flow rate between materials tested with the best result for Kerr (P<0.05. Kerr flow was 85% and under 5% at 45°C and 37°C, respectively. There were great deviations from standards value at 45°C. For the rest of the samples at 37°C; except Kymia the flow rate for 3 materials (Kerr; Harvard Pishrowere almost acceptable. The impression test results revealed that only Kerr was able torecord the details at 45°C.Conclusion: Kerr flow is exactly what ADA standards specify. But the flow rate for three materials exhibit a great distance from these standards. In impression test only Kerr was able to record the details

  4. La díada en el desarrollo de la condición humana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Rosalía Solla

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como propósito realizar una disertación sobre la díada como estrategia socializadora que coadyuva al desarrollo de la condición humana, entendiendo ésta como la fuerza viva de interrelacionarse con su semejante, respetarlo, amarlo y ser empático son ese otro que está ahí para ser el complemento de uno. Esta investigación se desarrolla como un estudio documental, de tipo expositivo, ya que en éste se presentan los estudios de Valles (2004, Hernández y Cortés (2009, Solla (2003/2010 y, Rodríguez (2009 y se hace referencia a las teorías de Gadamer (1997, Heidegger (2003 y Bronfenbrenner (1987 como soportes al estudio de las relaciones complementarias, específicamente de la díada. Los trabajos antes mencionados se exponen en forma dialógica para que así uno sea complemento del otro. El artículo está compuesto por varias partes que guían al lector a entender al individuo desde su unicidad hasta la necesidad de complementarse con el otro quien le ayuda a ratificar su condición humana. Finalmente, se concluye que el ser humano, desde la relación diádica, abre su ser para desplegarse en el otro; promueve la interrelación, la comunicación, la cohesión, la afectividad, la reciprocidad, la solidaridad, el respeto y la dialógica; trabaja con su semejante y posibilita la formación de comunidades cohesionadas.

  5. HPV16 E6-induced and E6AP-dependent inhibition of the transcriptional coactivator hADA3 in human cervical carcinoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Ying; Ye, Feng; Lu, Weiguo; Hong, Die; Wan, Xiaoyun; Xie, Xing

    2009-03-01

    To determine whether there exists an additional pathway of E6 that is independent of direct P53 degradation and whether hADA3, a transcriptional coactivator, is involved in this process. We investigated the association between E6 and hADA3, as well as E6-associated protein (E6AP) and hADA3, in SiHa cells via RNA interference technique. Our results showed that the expression of hADA3 protein was significantly increased, cellular proliferation was decreased and apoptotic rate was increased in SiHa cells treated by E6 siRNA and E6AP siRNA respectively. Our results suggested that oncoprotein E6 inhibits hADA3 in cervical cancer cells and this process is E6AP-dependent.

  6. La tríada oscura de la personalidad: maquiavelismo, narcisismo y psicopatía. Una mirada evolutiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Renee González Moraga

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Se aborda la denominada Tríada Oscura de la Personalidad -Tríada- (maquiavelismo, narcisismo subclínico y psicopatía subclínica desde una mirada evolutiva. El objetivo de esta investigación es revisar la evidencia que han presentado los teóricos evolucionistas sobre la Tríada, desde un acercamiento a la mirada evolutiva. Para esto, se indaga en las principales características de cada uno de estos rasgos, los instrumentos que se han utilizado para evaluarlos y las principales áreas en donde se han estudiado. La mirada evolutiva plantea que los rasgos de la Tríada son dimensionales y varían de acuerdo con las diversas estrategias que utilizan los sujetos para adaptarse a las características socioambientales en las que se desarrollan. Estos rasgos se caracterizan por presentar violencia psicológica, inhibición moral, manipulación, baja amabilidad, insensibilidad, egoísmo y dificultad para mentalizar en contextos de interacción interpersonal y social.

  7. Longer-term effects of ADAS use on speed and headway control in drivers diagnosed with Parkinson's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dotzauer, Mandy; Caljouw, Simone R.; De Waard, Dick; Brouwer, Wiebo H.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: An advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) provided information about speed limits, speed, speeding, and following distance. Information was presented to the participants by means of a head-up display. Methods: Effects of the information on speed and headway control were studied in a

  8. Dynamic Allocation Strategy Based on Pre-allocation and Agent to Implement Ada95's Distributed Computing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhuFu-xi; FuJian-ming; WuChan-le; CaoZheng

    2003-01-01

    This paper discusses the model of how the Agent is applied to implement distributed computing of Ada95 and presents a dynamic allocation strategy for distributed computing that based on pre-allocationand Agent. The aim of this strategy is realizing dynamic equilibrium allocation.

  9. Catalog of Resources for Education in Ada (Trade Name) and Software Engineering (CREASE). Version 4.0.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1 Wiley Dr. Somerset , NJ 08873 Offerowsacground: A forum for peer-reviewed research articles on the theory and practice of...fundamentals of programming make it suitable for someone who has never programmed before. Beginning Programming with Ada CREASE Vernon 4.0 223 Comparing

  10. Proceedings of the Tenth Annual National Conference on Ada Technology. Held in Arlington, VA, on February 24-28, 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-02-01

    and a dynamic model- Both of these models are mmo=tato thereviewand mainmenance ofasoftwa=sysem The dynamic model, however, is te only one . Deutsch ...verbs) and "Zarf’ ( adverbs ) along with 10th Annual National Conference on ADA Technology 1992 77 their relationship to the objects in the The

  11. Rezension: Ada Lovelace. Die Pionierin der Computertechnik und ihre Nachfolgerinnen von Sybille Krämer (Hg.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bettina Schabschneider

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ein aktueller von Sybille Krämer herausgegebener Sammelband beleuchtet die Bedeutung der Computertechnik-Pionierin Ada Lovelace. Bettina Schabschneider hat den Band einer detaillierten Lektüre unterzogen und für die MEDIENIMPULSE rezensiert …

  12. Software Technology for Adaptable, Reliable Systems (STARS). Repository Integration AdaKNET Software User’s Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-10-03

    knowledge bases via amalgama - tion of small, special-ptupose knowledge bases. For example, a fragment of the Gadfly knowledge base describing Ada...amalgamations must have as their root concept a generic con- cept which exists in the current network specification. The interpretation of amalgama - tons is

  13. Reliability prediction for the vehicles equipped with advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS and passive safety systems (PSS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balbir S. Dhillon

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The human error has been reported as a major root cause in road accidents in today’s world. The human as a driver in road vehicles composed of human, mechanical and electrical components is constantly exposed to changing surroundings (e.g., road conditions, environmentwhich deteriorate the driver’s capacities leading to a potential accident. The auto industries and transportation authorities have realized that similar to other complex and safety sensitive transportation systems, the road vehicles need to rely on both advanced technologies (i.e., Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS and Passive Safety Systems (PSS (e.g.,, seatbelts, airbags in order to mitigate the risk of accidents and casualties. In this study, the advantages and disadvantages of ADAS as active safety systems as well as passive safety systems in road vehicles have been discussed. Also, this study proposes models that analyze the interactions between human as a driver and ADAS Warning and Crash Avoidance Systems and PSS in the design of vehicles. Thereafter, the mathematical models have been developed to make reliability prediction at any given time on the road transportation for vehicles equipped with ADAS and PSS. Finally, the implications of this study in the improvement of vehicle designs and prevention of casualties are discussed.

  14. Infertility: Inability or Disability?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abha Khetarpal

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Disability is a complex phenomenon. It reflects an interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, lays stress on the functional as well as the structural problem of a person. All the definitions of disability also include the disorders of the reproductive and endocrine system. So infertility and impotency should also be included in the category of disability. It affects the participation in areas of life and can have a disabling affect on an individual. Like any other disability the couple has to adapt and integrate infertility in their sense of self thus infertility comes as a major life crisis. Medically, infertility, in most cases, is considered to be the result of a physical impairment or a genetic abnormality. Socially, couples are incapable of their reproductive or parental roles. On social level, infertility in most cultures remains associated with social stigma and taboo just like the social model of disability. Couples who are unable to reproduce may be looked down upon due to social stigmatisation. Infertility can lead to divorces and separation leading to a broken family life. Without labelling infertility as a disability, it is difficult for the people to access services and welfare benefits offered by the government. Infertility treatments are highly sophisticated so they are very expensive and are even not covered by insurance and government aid.In the light of all this it becomes imperative to categorise infertility as disability.

  15. Rethinking disability: the social model of disability and chronic disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goering, Sara

    2015-06-01

    Disability is commonly viewed as a problem that exists in a person's body and requires medical treatment. The social model of disability, by contrast, distinguishes between impairment and disability, identifying the latter as a disadvantage that stems from a lack of fit between a body and its social environment. This paper describes the social model of disability and then considers how it might deal with chronic disease or impairment and why medical professionals should learn about disability perspectives to improve their practice.

  16. Rethinking disability: the social model of disability and chronic disease

    OpenAIRE

    Goering, Sara

    2015-01-01

    Disability is commonly viewed as a problem that exists in a person’s body and requires medical treatment. The social model of disability, by contrast, distinguishes between impairment and disability, identifying the latter as a disadvantage that stems from a lack of fit between a body and its social environment. This paper describes the social model of disability and then considers how it might deal with chronic disease or impairment and why medical professionals should learn about disability...

  17. The Path to Academic Access for Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timberlake, Maria T.

    2016-01-01

    Federal special education law (Individuals With Disabilities Education Act) guarantees, but does not define, access to the general education curriculum for all students with disabilities. In-depth qualitative telephone interviews were conducted with special educators (n = 33) about their academic decision making for students with significant…

  18. Research Update: Sport and Physical Activity for People with Physical Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Ralph W.

    1993-01-01

    Examines research on sport and physical activity for individuals with physical disabilities, focusing on psychosocial characteristics of participants, physiological impacts of participation, and performance enhancement. With the advent of the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990), such research has relevance for all recreation professionals. (SM)

  19. The Legal Meaning of Specific Learning Disability for IDEA Eligibility: The Latest Case Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2013-01-01

    Specific learning disability (SLD), although moderately declining in recent years, continues to be the largest of the eligibility classifications under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA; NCES, 2012). The recognition of response to intervention (RTI) in the 2004 amendments of the IDEA as an approach for identifying students with…

  20. Perceptions and Needs of Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Parents of Children Receiving Learning Disabilities Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Burgo, Nydia I.; Reyes-Wasson, Pamela; Brusca-Vega, Rita

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 50 Hispanic and non-Hispanic parents of children with learning disabilities examined treatment of the two groups of parents in the special education process, parents' involvement in the process, and how parental treatment compared to the mandates of the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA). Strategies are suggested to maximize…

  1. 78 FR 71549 - Assistance to States for the Education of Children with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 34 CFR Part 300 RIN 1820-AB65 Assistance to States for the Education of Children with Disabilities AGENCY... proposed to amend the regulations under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act...

  2. Recent Progress and Future Challenges in Disability Student Services in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondo, Takeo; Takahashi, Tomone; Shirasawa, Mayumi

    2015-01-01

    The Japanese government passed an anti-discrimination law, the Act on the Elimination of Disability Discrimination, in June 2013 (to be enforced April 2016) and ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in January 2014. Prior to ratification of the CRPD, the Japanese government had begun to construct an inclusive…

  3. 20 CFR 410.410 - Total disability due to pneumoconiosis, including statutory presumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to Pneumoconiosis § 410.410 Total disability due to pneumoconiosis, including statutory... their death. (For benefits to the eligible survivors of miners whose deaths are determined to have...

  4. Specific Learning Disability Identification: What Constitutes a Pattern of Strengths and Weaknesses?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Edward Karl; Simpson, Cynthia G.; Lynch, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    The 2004 Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) and subsequent regulations published in 2006 have significantly changed the identification process for students suspected of having specific learning disabilities. Rather than using a discrepancy model contrasting intellectual and achievement test results, assessment…

  5. Perceptions and Needs of Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Parents of Children Receiving Learning Disabilities Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Burgo, Nydia I.; Reyes-Wasson, Pamela; Brusca-Vega, Rita

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 50 Hispanic and non-Hispanic parents of children with learning disabilities examined treatment of the two groups of parents in the special education process, parents' involvement in the process, and how parental treatment compared to the mandates of the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA). Strategies are suggested to maximize…

  6. Implementing Applied Behavior Analysis for Effective Orientation and Mobility Instruction of Students with Multiple Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Mea, Melanie L.

    2013-01-01

    Working with children who have multiple disabilities that include visual impairments can be especially challenging. Many disabling conditions manifest into behavioral difficulties that may take away from learning. Acting out may be a student's way of expressing a lack of healthy coping mechanisms in relation to his or her environment. Implementing…

  7. Dickens and disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wainapel, S F

    1996-12-01

    The novels of Charles Dickens include many vivid portraits of individuals with physical disabilities or deformities, and these conditions are often used symbolically to highlight some of the author's recurring themes. Disabled children are depicted as innocent victims, while their older counterparts are most often viewed as corrupt victimizers whose physical deformities are outward manifestations of their inner depravity. Punishment for moral failings in non-disabled characters frequently takes the form of paralysis and/or aphasia resulting from a cerebrovascular accident. In this context the wheelchair becomes a potent metaphor of imprisonment as a form of retributive justice.

  8. Paralympic Athletes and "Knowing Disability"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzgerald, Hayley

    2012-01-01

    This article explores non-disabled young people's understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and…

  9. Paralympic Athletes and "Knowing Disability"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzgerald, Hayley

    2012-01-01

    This article explores non-disabled young people's understandings of Paralympic athletes and the disability sports they play. The article examines how society has come to know disability by discussing medical and social model views of disability. The conceptual tools offered by Pierre Bourdieu are utilised as a means of understanding the nature and…

  10. The Excessive Appearance of Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalko, Rod

    2009-01-01

    This paper engages the appearance of disability in contemporary Western culture. Rather than taking disability for granted as a biomedical condition, I interrogate how disability is made to appear in our culture, including its appearance as a biomedical condition. Fundamentally, disability appears to us as a trouble and, as such, cultural…

  11. Disability Studies. NRC Fact Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Perri

    2010-01-01

    Over the past several decades, what people now refer to as "disability studies" has been a powerful influence on policy and practice in regards to people with disabilities. Disability studies has evolved as a means of addressing how people with disabilities have been treated historically and how they continue to be treated. The field of disability…

  12. Volcanic geomorphosites and geotourism in Las Cañadas del Teide National Park, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dóniz-Paéz, Javier; Becerra-Ramírez, Rafael; González-Cárdenas, Elena; Rodriguez, Fátima

    2017-04-01

    Geomorphosites and geoturism studies are increasing for the high scientific, societal, cultural, and aesthetic values of the relief. Volcanic areas are exciting targets for such studies for their geodiversity. The aim of these study is an inventory of volcanic geomorphosites and its relationship to geotourism. Las Cañadas del Teide National Park (LCTNP) is a volcanic complex area located in the central part of Tenerife island (Canary Islands, Spain). This area is a volcanic paradise rich in spectacular landforms: stratovolcanoes, calderas, cinder cones, craters, pahoehoe, aa, block and balls lavas, gullies, etc. The national park is registered in the world heritage list (UNESCO) in 2007 as a natural site. The LCTNP receives more than 2,5 million tourists per year and it has 21 main pahts and 14 secondary ones. For the selection of the geomophosites the LCTNP was divided into four geomorphological units (Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcanoes, Las Cañadas Caldera wall, the bottom of Las Cañadas and the basaltic volcanic field) and each one of them is selected the most representative geomorphosites by its geodiversity, because of its geomorphological heritage, its landscapes and its tourist potential with the paths. All selected geomorphosites are within areas where public use is allowed in the park. The inventory classifies the 23 geomorphosites in two main categories: (a) direct volcanic with 17 geomorphosites (stratovolcanoes, domes, cinder cones, pahoehoe, aa and bloc lava flows, etc.) and (b) eroded volcanic landforms with 6 (wall of Las Cañadas caldera, talusees, foodplains, etc.). The Teide-Pico Viejo unit is which has more geomorphosites with 8 and the Las Cañadas wall unit possessing less with 5. The assessment evaluates the scientific, cultural/historical, and use values and helps to define priorities in site management. These geomorphosites demonstrate the volcanic history and processes of the LCTNP.

  13. Disabilities and Health

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-05-22

    In this podcast for kids, the Kidtastics talk about learning more about kids who have disabilities.  Created: 5/22/2014 by National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH).   Date Released: 5/22/2014.

  14. Facts about Developmental Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Sets MADDS Case Definitions Articles & Key Findings Free Materials Multimedia & ... Developmental disabilities are a group of conditions due to an impairment in physical, learning, language, or behavior areas. These conditions begin during ...

  15. Resettlement for disabled refugees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansha Mirza

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Over the past few decades there have been some positive (albeit inconsistent changes in US refugee admissions policy as well as in UNHCR’s guidelines for resettlement, especially relating to refugees with disabilities.

  16. In-house (disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safak Pavey

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In May 2007 UNHCR established an internal working group to look at developing in-house policies for people with disabilities both for the benefit of people of concern to us and for staff members.

  17. Who occupies disability?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Pollard

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Locating occupational therapy within gendered and racialized systems of power, the authors consider the intersectional nature of critical disability studies discourse and the need for occupational therapy to incorporate such values into practice. This article discusses ways in which occupational therapy as a profession and individual therapists can align with or resist the economic determination which has come to dominate medical systems. It considers some of the political background to the history of the profession and its relationship with power. This positioning of the profession is explored against the impact of neoliberal economic policy on health, rights, service delivery and disability, and against some key issues, the pressure of ageing populations and the positon of occupational therapists as women professionals. Current policies present a critical challenge to central occupational therapy tenets. Occupational therapists may find themselves working both in alliance with disabled people and disability activists, and against them.

  18. Prostitution, disability and prohibition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Frej Klem

    2015-01-01

    Criminalisation of prostitution, and minority rights for disabled persons, are important contemporary political issues. The article examines their intersection by analysing the conditions and arguments for making a legal exception for disabled persons to a general prohibition against purchasing...... sexual services. It explores the badness of prostitution, focusing on and discussing the argument that prostitution harms prostitutes, considers forms of regulation and the arguments for and against with emphasis on a liberty-based objection to prohibition, and finally presents and analyses three...

  19. Disability at Neurological Diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmet Evlice; Turgay Demir; Kezban Aslan; Hacer Bozdemir; Meltem Demirkiran; ilker Unal; sebnem Bicakci

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: It is aimed to identify cases who had disability rates because of Neurological diseases and applied to Health Committee in Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine Department of Neurology. Material and Methods: Cases who applied to Health Committee in Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine Department of Neurology between January 2013 - December 2013 were evaluated retrospectively. It was investigated their diagnosis, age, gender, disability rate and relationships with each othe...

  20. Intellectual Disability in Children; a Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dasteh Goli N.*BSc

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aims: Intellectual disability is a condition characterised by the inability of a person to undertake normal psychological activities. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the intellectual disability in children and discuss the implications of different environmental and genetic factors, which describe particular categories of intellectual disable cases. Information & Methods: This systematic review was performed in 2014 by searching the existing literature in PubMed database in the scope of “intellectual disability in children”. 38 articles written from 1987 to 2014 were selected and surveyed for review. Findings: The prevalence of ID in the general population is estimated to be approximately 1%. ID disorder is multi-causal, encompassing all factors that interfere with brain development and functioning. Causes usually are classified according to the time of the insult, as prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal or acquired. Some causes, such as environmental toxins or endocrine disorders, may act at multiple times. Others, such as genetic disorders, have different manifestations during postnatal development. The outcome for ID is variable and depends upon the aetiology, associated conditions, and environmental and social factors. The goals of management of ID are to strengthen areas of reduced function, minimize extensive deterioration in mental cognitive and adaptability, and lastly, to promote optimum or normal functioning of the individuals in their community. Conclusion: Prominent features of ID include significant failures in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviour, which comprises daily social and practical life skills, commencing earlier in life.

  1. Politica Nacional sobre Discapacidad: Un Informe del Progreso, Diciembre 2000-Diciembre 2001 (National Disability Policy: A Progress Report, December 2000-December 2001).

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Council on Disability, Washington, DC.

    This report (written in Spanish) of the National Council on Disability (NCD) describes the nation's progress in advancing public policies to increase the inclusion, empowerment, and independence of people with disabilities in light of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The report covers December 2000 through December 2001. It reviews…

  2. Sports and disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Pamela E; Clayton, Gerald H

    2010-03-01

    Participation in recreational and competitive sports at an early age has long been touted as a positive influence on growth and development, and for fostering lifelong healthy lifestyles. The benefits of an active lifestyle include not only fitness, but the promotion of a sense of inclusion and improved self-esteem. These benefits are well documented in all populations, and their importance has been summarized in the recent Healthy People 2010 guidelines. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recently produced a summary statement on the benefits of activity for disabled children. They note that children with disabilities tend to have an overall lower level of fitness and an increased level of obesity. For this population, developing a lifelong desire to be active can be a simple means for limiting illness and much of the morbidity associated with sedentary lifestyles often associated with disability. For disabled youth, participation in disabled sports programs available nationally and internationally can be an effective means to promote such precepts. The goal of this focused review is to improve the learner's knowledge of the positive impact that active lifestyles can have on overall health in the disabled youth population and, as a result, modify their practice by incorporating recreational and competitive sport activities as part of improving overall patient care.

  3. Ada (Tradename) Compiler Validation Summary Report: TeleSoft TeleGen2 E68, Version 3.11. Host: MicroVAX II, Targets: Motorola 68020, 68010 Tektronix 8540 (M68010 CPU),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-24

    Testing, Ada Validation Office, AVO, Ada Validation Facility, AVF, ANSI/MIL-STD- 1815A, Ada Joint Program Office, AJPO 20. ABS TRAC T (Continue on reverse...test SI results ara written to tha tyneenead buffor on the host comrouter usin the $1 sami line Vtt wer used for downlcading. $ £ TSAJA /2OgNLZA - w

  4. Representation of art as an ethical and political act

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mira Kallio-Tavin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, I discuss the representation of people with disabilities as an ethical and political act, including the intimate demand of face-to-face encountering with another person and a picture in an artwork. The article explores the project, Good afternoon Mr. Holbein, by Pekka Elomaa, through two different image interpretations, which together offer an alternative understanding to the dominant discourse on image analysis. The politics of representation of people with disabilities is troubled together with Levinasian philosophy and disability studies in art education.

  5. Old age, disability and care in public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacomin, Karla Cristina; Firmo, Josélia Oliveira Araújo

    2015-12-01

    Aging of the population profoundly changes the scope of action of public health, altering the profile of morbidity-mortality and increasing the demand for chronic care. In the aging population, disability serves as an indicator of health and a guideline for actions and policies. This enquiry, with a qualitative approach, based on interpretative anthropology and the emic perspective, aims to understand the way of thinking and acting of old people in the face of 'old age with disability' and their relationships with public health. Individual interviews were held at the subject's homes, using a semi-structured script, with 57 old people living in the city, including participants from the cohort of Bambuí. Collection and analysis of the data was oriented by the methodology of Signs, Meanings and Actions, making possible anthropological investigation of the representations and concrete behaviors associated with disability in old age in the local culture. Two categories relating to the relationships between old age, disability and public healthcare emerged from the analysis: (i) experience of care in old age with disability; and (ii) the fear of lack of care. The results reveal that public health needs to review its concepts about disability in old age and incorporate disability into the agenda of the functional dimension of health and care for old age.

  6. The Provision of the Disabled Facilities in Public Hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talib Yuhainis Abdul

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of Person with Disabilities Act 2008 has become an eye opener towards the provision of disabled facilities in all public buildings especially regarding healthcare accessibility. The aim of this research is to analyse the provision of the disabled facilities provided in a public hospital in Perak, Malaysia. To support the research, it was supporting with two objectives that are to identify the designs and requirements of disabled facilities that need to be fulfilled according to Uniform Building By-Laws (UBBL and other standard regulations and to identify the level of awareness of public on disabled facilities in the public hospital. For the purpose of the research, the observation method has been done towards three (3 selected hospital in Perak and questionnaire survey have been distributed to 96 respondents among the staff and visitors of the hospitals. All the data collected from the questionnaire survey and the checklist using UBBL standard requirement, then analysed using the SPSS V.21. The outcome of the observation indicates that most of the hospitals were provided with the disabled facilities, but there are still some rooms for improvement regarding specifications and the provision itself. In a nutshell, this research helps the management of the hospital together with the public on the importance of the provision of the disabled facilities in public buildings.

  7. Lawyers With Disabilities: L’Handicape C’est Nous

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Bernstein

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available For having helped to make disability a twentieth-century civil rights issue in the United States, our profession deserves much credit. Lawyers have written, codified, and enforced several progressive initiatives. Inspired by the struggle for racial justice through law that culminated in Brown v. Board of Education, the disability rights movement was itself a civil rights inspiration even before the Brown decision, earning important early legislative advances for rehabilitation, vocational training, and integration of disabled persons in public life. The first national organization to focus on disability as such rather than one particular condition, the American Federation of the Physically Handicapped, took an early interest in fostering legal change and lobbied for employment-discrimination laws and new statutes to advance the interests of disabled Americans. The Rehabilitation Act of 19733 made federal law out of the radical yet sensible idea that societies construct disability at least as much as they reflect it and that prejudices and stereotypes, which are as potent as purely medical or anatomical facts, impede persons with disabilities.

  8. 75 FR 39544 - Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and... Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC... Analysis and Services Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. BILLING CODE 4163-18-P...

  9. 76 FR 10371 - Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and... Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announces the... and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Dated: February 14,...

  10. 75 FR 7606 - Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and... Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announces the... for Disease Control and Prevention. BILLING CODE 4163-18-P...

  11. Rights of the Disabled to Participate in Recreational Sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson-Freeman, Gina; Gambino, Stephen

    1989-01-01

    The article discusses federal legislation and legal information on rights of physically disabled people to participate in recreational sports. The impact of recreational sports participation for these individuals is discussed, recommending college campuses act as arenas for integrative and adapted sport programing. Goals for recreational sports…

  12. Convention and Competence: Disability Rights in Sports and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvers, Anita; Wasserman, David

    2000-01-01

    Implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act has been complicated by uncertainty about the fundamental nature of various activities, goods, or services and about what constitutes competence or qualification in people who are excluded from them. Discusses how the courts can ascertain the fundamental nature of conventional activities when…

  13. Spelling Assessment of Students with Disabilities: Formal and Informal Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beirne-Smith, Mary; Riley, Tamar F.

    2009-01-01

    Accurate spelling is a complex act that requires cognitive and linguistic knowledge of the phonological, morphological, syntactical, and semantic principles of our language. Students with disabilities frequently exhibit spelling difficulties related to language learning disorders and inefficient cognitive processing. These difficulties often are…

  14. Effectiveness of Dysphagia Training for Adult Learning Disabilities Support Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tredinnick, Gerlind; Cocks, Naomi

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of a 1-day dysphagia training package delivered to support workers who work with adults with a learning disability. Thirty-eight support staff took part in this study. Twenty-five support staff received training, and 13 did not receive training and therefore acted as a control group. Three questionnaires…

  15. Suicide Behavior in Persons with Intellectual Disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joav Merrick

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Suicide is today in the Western world one of the leading causes of death and most people have had suicidal ideation at some time during their life. In the population of persons with intellectual disability some researchers have thought that impaired intellectual capacity could act as a buffer to suicidal behavior, but the fact is that the few studies conducted in that population contest this assumption and showed that the characteristics of suicidality in this population are very similar to persons without intellectual disability. This paper reviews the studies conducted and describe the symptomatology in this population. Professionals working with this population should therefore be aware of and assess for this behavior. Sadness or depression are symptoms that could indicate later suicidal behavior.

  16. The Future of Disability Policy and Vocational Rehabilitation in the United States%美国残疾政策及职业康复的未来

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Henry D. Wong

    2006-01-01

    This article focuses on current and future disability public policy having potential implications for the Rehabilitation Act and vocational rehabilitation services in the United States. It explores several models of disability reflected in public policy, important historical legislation, and the relationship of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) to the Rehabilitation Act. Competing issues and conflicts between the WIA and the state vocational rehabilitation agencies are discussed. A framework for analyzing disability policy is identified to project the future of disability policy, as well as, how these issues and conflicts may impact the survival of the rehabilitation profession.

  17. Examining More Inclusive Approaches to Social Work, Physical Disability, and Sexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kattari, Shanna K; Turner, George

    2017-01-01

    People with disabilities often experience the idea that those with disabilities are not, or should not be, sexual beings. This article examines how people with physical disabilities define sexual activity, their levels of sexual satisfaction, group differences in how people define different acts as sexual activities, and the differences in levels of sexual satisfaction. Additionally, this study (N = 450) looks at the correlations between levels of independence in multiple contexts. Levels of independence are also assessed in relationship to severity of disability and sexual satisfaction. Implications for social work and social service practice, education, and policy are discussed.

  18. 基于AdaBoost算法的人脸人眼分类器的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Face and Eye Categorizer Based on AdaBoost Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪仕才; 冯桑; 呙腾

    2015-01-01

    人脸检测和人眼定位是检测驾驶疲劳的首要工作,而人眼准确定位和检测速度直接影响后续疲劳检测的实时性和鲁棒性。基于AdaBoost算法检测速度快,泛化能力强等特点,通过建立针对驾驶环境下的人脸、人眼样本集,深入研究驾驶员的人脸人眼识别问题。实验证明,AdaBoost级联分类器不仅能够准确检测人的正脸,而且对于侧脸、戴眼睛和部分遮挡也有很高的识别率。%Face detection and eyes orientation are the primary task of detecting driver fatigue, and the real-time and robustness of the following fa-tigue detection is directly influenced by the accurate orientation of human eyes and the speed of detection. Studies the recognition prob-lem of driver's face and eyes further through establishing the sample database of face and eye under the driving environment, which is based on the features of fast detection speed and strong generalization ability of AdaBoost algorithm. Experimental results show that the AdaBoost cascade classifier can not only accurately detect frontal faces, but also have very high recognition rate for a face in profile or with glasses and the partially occluded face.

  19. The Effects of Institutional Variables, Teacher Background Variables, Teacher Preparedness, and Teachers' Performance Drivers on Teachers' Attitudes toward Students with Learning Disabilities in the Inclusive Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abercrombie, Diane D.

    2009-01-01

    As a result of the passage of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, school systems are required to provide a free and appropriate education for all children with disabilities. This legislation was further supported by The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA), which guarantees all students with…

  20. What Do Women with Learning Disabilities Say about Their Experiences of Domestic Abuse within the Context of Their Intimate Partner Relationships?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter-Brice, Alison; Cox, Rachel; Priest, Helena; Thompson, Fiona

    2012-01-01

    In 2001 the UK Government launched its strategy "Valuing People". The strategy, underpinned by the Human Rights Act 1998 (Ministry of Justice 1998), the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Home Office 1995) and social inclusion claimed to outline ways for services to work, to meet the needs of individuals with learning disabilities . In…