WorldWideScience

Sample records for dire dawa town

  1. Assessment of Students' Satisfaction: A Case Study of Dire Dawa University, Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel, Dawit; Liben, Getachew; Adugna, Ashenafi

    2017-01-01

    Universities in the modern world are expected to seek and cultivate new knowledge, provide the right kind of leadership and strive to promote equality and social justice. The general objective of the study is to investigate the satisfaction level of undergraduate level students enrolled in regular program of Dire-Dawa University and there by…

  2. Data on spatiotemporal urban sprawl of Dire Dawa City, Eastern Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaltu Taffa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The data presented in this paper shows the spatiotemporal expansion of Dire Dawa City (eastern Ethiopia and the ensuing land use land cover changes in its peri-urban areas between 1985 and 2015. The data were generated from satellite images of Thematic Mapper (TM, Enhanced Thematic Mapper-Plus (ETM+ and OLI (Operational Land Image with path/raw value of 166/053 by using Arc GIS 10.1 software. The precision of the images was verified by geolocation data collected from ground control points by using Geographic Positioning System (GPS receiver. Four LULC classes (built up area, vegetation, barren land and farmland with their respective spatiotemporal dimensions were clearly identified in the analysis. Built up area had shown an overall annual increment of 15.8% (82 ha per year from 517 ha in 1985 to 2976 ha in 2015. Expansion took place in all directions but it was more pronounced along the main road towards other nearby towns, recently established business/service areas and the Industrial Park. Barren land, farmland and vegetation areas showed speedy decline over the years.

  3. Survey on Prevalence of Canine Cutaneous Myiasis in Some Selected Kebeles of Dire Dawa City Administration

    OpenAIRE

    Henok Abebe

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT A cross sectional study of canine cutaneous myiasis was conducted in five randomly selected kebeles of Dire Dawa Administrative council from December 2009 up to April 2010 to determine the prevalence of canine cutaneous myiasis and to assess factors that determine the occurrence of the disease specifically in dog. Active questionnaire survey among 60 households were used for which 384 dogs were sampled. From a total of 384 dogs, 162 (42.19%) were found harboring the disease cutan...

  4. Sectoral Integration of Urban Service Sectors of Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, East Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abenezer Wakuma Kitila

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The urban areas of the developing countries are not only faced with problems of poorly developed physical infrastructure, but they are also suffering from destruction of utility lines. The study explores the integration of urban service sectors of Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. The objective has accentuated around stating of the planning approach, challenges in implementation, and effects of poor coordination. It was delimited to four urban sectors namely water supply, telecommunication, transportation and electricity. The findings of the study highlighted that cross sectoral planning approach has not yet adopted and implemented among the urban service sectors of the city due to administrative/political, economic and social factors. Because of this it has been frequently observed that destruction and disruption of utility lines caused by those sectors. The major factors that have contributed to the less likely performance level of the urban sectors are weak institutional arrangements, lack of budget and monitoring by the concerned parties, poor coordination among the sectors in all phases of urban management stages. The study, above all, recommends cross-sectoral planning approach to be adopted and exercised by the urban sectors to plan, organize, implement, monitor and re-plan jointly to minimize costs, energy and time in maintaining infrastructural lines.

  5. Economic Impact of Support Service Program on Micro and Small Enterprises: The Case of Dire Dawa Administration, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Kassa

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Special attention has been given to untie the constraints of Micro and Small Enterprises in Ethiopia for they are important vehicles to address the challenges of unemployment, economic growth and equity in the country. The government is implementing different support service programs, in the forms of financial and business development, in different parts of the country. This study is aimed at evaluating economic impact of MSEs support service programs on enterprise sales, employment and capital asset formation in Dire Dawa Administration, Ethiopia. Propensity Score Matching is employed to estimate the impact of support service program. The result revealed that the program resulted in average increment of monthly sales by 28%, employee level by 42%, and capital asset formation by 60%. It is, therefore, indispensable to strengthen and expand the support service program to non participant enterprises by giving special attention to the major problems that participant enterprises are currently facing.

  6. Knowledge, attitude, practice, and determinants emergency contraceptive use among women seeking abortion services in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meskerem Abate

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Unplanned pregnancy from casual sex, unplanned sexual activity, and sexual violence are increasing. Emergency Contraceptives (EC are used to prevent unplanned pregnancies thereby preventing the occurrence and consequences of unplanned pregnancy. Emergency contraception is widely available in Ethiopia particularly in major cities. Yet the use of EC is very low and abortion rate in cities is high compared to the national average. OBJECTIVES: To assess knowledge, attitude and practice and determinants on the use of emergency contraception among women obtaining abortion service at selected health institutions in Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted on 390 women selected by multi-stage random sampling technique. The samples were generated from government and private for non profit health facilities. Participant's knowledge and attitude towards emergency contraception were measured using composite index based on 7 and 9 questions, respectively and analyzed using mean score to classify them as knowledgeable or not, and have positive attitude or not. Practice was assessed if the women reported ever use of emergency contraception. Determinants of use of emergency contraception were analyzed using logistic regression. RESULT: Out of 390 women interviewed, 162 women (41.5% heard about EC, only 133 (34.1% had good knowledge, and 200 (51.3% of the respondents had positive attitudes towards to EC. Ever use of EC was reported by 38 (9.7%. Age, living arrangement, education, marital status, religion were found to be significantly associated with the use of emergency contraceptives. Women with poor knowledge were less likely to use EC compared to the knowledgeable ones [AOR = 0.027, 95% CI (0.007, 0.105]. CONCLUSION: The study identified that most respondents lack adequate knowledge on the method of EC. In addition ever use of EC is very low. RECOMMENDATIONS: Health professions should give

  7. Adolescent-parent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues among high school students in Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia: a cross sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayalew, Mulatuwa; Mengistie, Bezatu; Semahegn, Agumasie

    2014-11-07

    Sexual and reproductive health communications are most likely promoting healthy sexual development and reduce sexual risks. Communication is the principal means for parents to transmit sexual values, beliefs, expectations and knowledge to their adolescents. However, there is a paucity of evidence about adolescent parent communication in Ethiopia. This study aimed to determine adolescent-parent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues and associated factors among high school students in Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. Institution based cross sectional study was conducted among high school students in Dire Dawa administrative council from February to March 2011. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 695 students from 9-12 grades. Qualitative data were collected through focus group discussion separately for female and male parents. Data were entered in Epi info version 3.5.1 and analyzed by SPSS version 16.1. Logistic regression with OR and 95% confidence interval was used to identify the independent predictors of adolescent parent communication. Thirty seven percent of students had ever discussed on at least two sexual and reproductive health topics with their parents. Of which, majority of student preferred to discuss with their peers than parent. Condom use during first intercourse was associated with having communication about sexual and reproductive health [AOR=1.9, 95% CI: 1.0, 3.8]. Cultural taboo, shame and lack of communication skill were reasons that hinder communication between parent and adolescent about sexual matters. Communication on sexual and reproductive health issue between adolescent and their parent was low. School based education is important to improve adolescent parent communication about sexual and reproductive health issues.

  8. Sensory Evaluation of Dawa Dawa Produced By the Traditional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bioline

    seeds are added as supplement to high protein foods of animal ... tal food. In this study, African yam bean seeds were fermented to produce an indigenous dawa dawa con- .... aroma were similar in trend, with KAFD being the ... Formula (g).

  9. Household level determinants of food insecurity in rural areas of dire ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Household level determinants of food insecurity in rural areas of dire dawa, eastern ... The design and implementation of effective measures to reduce household ... to build assets, improve the functioning of rural financial markets and promote ...

  10. Thermodynamic black di-rings

    CERN Document Server

    Iguchi, Hideo

    2010-01-01

    Previously the five dimensional $S^1$-rotating black rings have been superposed in concentric way by some solitonic methods and regular systems of two $S^1$-rotating black rings were constructed by the authors and then Evslin and Krishnan (we called these solutions black di-rings). In this place we show some characteristics of the solutions of five dimensional black di-rings, especially in thermodynamic equilibrium. After the summary of the di-ring expressions and their physical quantities, first we comment on the equivalence of the two different solution-sets of the black di-rings. Then the existence of thermodynamic black di-rings are shown, in which both iso-thermality and iso-rotation between the inner black ring and the outer black ring are realized. We also give detailed analysis of peculiar properties of the thermodynamic black di-ring including discussion about a certain kind of thermodynamic stability (instability) of the system.

  11. Black di-ring and infinite nonuniqueness

    CERN Document Server

    Iguchi, H; Iguchi, Hideo; Mishima, Takashi

    2007-01-01

    We show that the $S^1$-rotating black rings can be superposed by the solution generating technique. We analyze the black di-ring solution for the simplest case of multiple rings. There exists an equilibrium black di-ring where the conical singularities are cured by the suitable choice of physical parameters. Also there are infinite numbers of black di-rings with the same mass and angular momentum. These di-rings can have two different continuous limits of single black rings. Therefore we can transform the fat black ring to the thin ring with the same mass and angular momentum by way of the di-ring solutions.

  12. Islam Nets norske salafisme: dawa, formidling og tilpasning til en norsk kontekst

    OpenAIRE

    Grotdal, Lasse Kristoffer

    2015-01-01

    Denne masteroppgaven er en analyse av den muslimske ungdomsorganisasjonen Islam Nets tilpasninger av global salafisme til en norsk kontekst. Med utgangspunkt i Islam Nets aktiviteter på internett, i deres egne arrangementer og i media, belyser denne masteroppgaven Islam Nets ulike formidlingsstrategier overfor forskjellige grupper. Oppgaven viser hvordan Islam Nets fokus på dawa, en form for misjonering, ligger til grunn for organisasjonens tilpasninger og formidlingsstrategier. Salafismen kj...

  13. Cape Town

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knee injury patterns among young basketball players in. Cape Town. Quinette ... account for 12% of total sports injuries, they represent 25% of the total Injury cost. ..... injuries are con- ducted to identify causal factors that could aid in prevention.

  14. Effect of Kohl-Chikni Dawa – a compound ophthalmic formulation of Unani medicine on naphthalene-induced cataracts in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaidi Zehra

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness worldwide, accounting for 13-27% of cases. Kohl-Chikni Dawa (KCD is reputed for its beneficial effects in the treatment of premature cataracts. However, its efficacy is yet to be tested. To investigate the rationality of the therapeutic use of Kohl-Chikni Dawa (KCD in Unani medicine. Methods The effect of Kohl-Chikni Dawa eye drops on naphthalene-induced cataracts in rats was investigated by slit-lamp biomicroscopic analysis. The normal group of experimental animals was administered with mineral oil (orally, while other groups were given naphthalene (orally along with local application of KCD eye drops (once and twice daily, placebo and distilled water (twice daily. Initial morphological changes of the lenses were observed twice a week for two weeks, and thereafter once a week for four weeks. Results Local application of KCD (twice daily caused significant reduction in the lens opacification after 2 to 4 weeks of naphthalene administration. Conclusion KCD eye drops may have the potential to delay progression of naphthalene-induced cataracts in rats.

  15. Terrace Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabin, Heather

    2010-01-01

    The "Terrace Town" program brings architecture and city planning curriculum to elementary schools in Madison, Wisconsin, and surrounding areas. Over eight weeks, classrooms discuss what makes a community livable, sustainable, and kid-friendly. Throughout the process, students gain a better understanding of their own city environments and…

  16. Founding a Green Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JING XIAOLEI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Awalk inside the Guangzhou Asian Games Town,where the event's prized Asian Games Town Gymnasium,Athletes' Village and Media Village can be lound,will have any visitor marveling at the structures and architectural styles within.What's most impressive about this part of Guangzhou,Guangdong Province,is not what's in the town,but what's missing from it.Even the most observant visitor will be hard pressed to find a single garbage truck,or garbage can for that matter,inside the town's perimeter.

  17. VT Boundaries - town polygons

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) The BNDHASH dataset depicts Vermont villages, towns, counties, Regional Planning Commissions (RPC), and LEPC (Local Emergency Planning Committee)...

  18. Novas direções para a revista motricidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago M Barbosa

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A revista Motricidade tem um passado na difusão do conhecimento em Ciências do Desporto e áreas afins ao movimento humano nos países lusófonos. Está indexada nas principais bases de dados internacionais como a ISI Web of Knowledge/Scielo Citation Index (Thomson Reuters, Elsevier (SCOPUS, EMCare, SCImago (SJR: Medicine, Health Professions. Está classificada em onze áreas Qualis, sendo atribuída a classificação de B1 nas principais áreas estratégicas da revista. Tal só foi possível devido ao esforço, dedicação das direções e dos corpos editoriais anteriores. Foi portanto com muito orgulho e com sentido de responsabilidade que aceitei ser editor-chefe desta revista. A nossa visão é que será possível de forma sustentada melhorar estes indicadores continuando a ser a revista de referência nas áreas em causa para os países lusófonos, sem deixar de abrir espaço a autores e leitores de outras regiões. A Motricidade continuará a ter como sua missão o desenvolvimento e disseminação do conhecimento científico de carácter teórico, analítico e empírico nas áreas científicas do desporto, educação física, movimento humano e saúde. São bem-vindos trabalhos nas chamadas recorrentemente Ciências Biomédicas, Ciências Sociais, áreas tecnológicas ou de natureza interdisciplinar com recurso a métodos quantitativos, qualitativos ou mistos. Os manuscritos continuarão a ser submetidos a revisão pelos pares. Numa primeira fase a revisão será interna, por parte do corpo editorial da revista. De seguida, a revisão passará a ser externa pelos pares. Ultimamente tem havido uma vaga de preocupação quanto ao processo de revisão se centrar excessivamente na perceção por parte de editores e de revisores da possível relevância dos resultados reportados. Tem havido uma forte crítica de ser um número reduzido de académicos a determinar a relevância de um artigo antes da sua publicação ou rejeição. Dai que

  19. New Mexico Ghost Towns

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data provides locations and non-spatial attributes of many ghost towns in the State of New Mexico, compiled from various sources. Locations provided with...

  20. An Ancient Town Awakens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    World heritage sites such as Pingyao are facing the dilemma of how to balance preservation and commercialization Travel southwest from Beijing, and after about 10 hours on the train and coach, you'll arrive at Pingyao, an old town in Shanxi Province. Nine years ago it was designated as a world heritage site. Visitors have since poured into Pingyao, waking up a town that

  1. The Impact of Voir Dire and the Deliberation Process on Jury Verdicts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, K. Phillip; Buchanan, Raymond W.

    Recent social scientific interest in juror selection has advanced the "voir dire" (jury selection) process beyond Clarence Darrow's formula for choosing a jury likely to be sympathetic to his client. From a communication perspective, generalization to different cases in different sections of the country and under different conditions…

  2. Automatic storing of single gamma spectra on magnetic tape. Programs LONGO, DIRE; Automatizacion del almacenamiento en cinta magnetica de espectros gamma directos. Programas LONGO, DIRE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Los Arcos Merino, J. M.

    1978-07-01

    The program LONGO provides the block size and the block number in a binary file on magnetic tape. It has been applied to analyse the structure of the nine-track magnetic tapes storing single or coincidence gamma spectra files, recorded in octet form by a MULTI-8 minicomputer in the Nuclear Spectrometry Laboratory of J.E.N. Then the program DIRE has been written to transform the single gamma spectra into a new FASTRAND disk file, storing the information in-36 bit words. A copy of this file is obtained on magnetic tape and the single gamma spectra are then available by standard FORTRAN V reading sentences. (Author) 3 refs.

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Towns, Published in 2001, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2001. It is described as 'Towns'. Data by this publisher...

  4. Violence et dire, pour une rhétorique du soin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Quaderi

    Full Text Available Par une approche plurielle (psychopathologie du travail, sciences du langage et psychanalyse et au travers d’une clinique de type groupe de parole en institution gériatrique, il est abordé les phénomènes de violences. Les effets du dire, au niveau du clinicien, induisent des changements de comportements des soignants dont les causes sont abordées. Ainsi, la taylorisation de l’organisation inhibe la relation du soignant à l’autre et fige le travail dans une exécution de tâche. Ces effets délétères sont à rapporter au Thanatos tout comme les effets du dire (interprété comme une rhétorique du soin sont à comprendre du côté de l’Eros.

  5. Apocalypse soon? Dire messages reduce belief in global warming by contradicting just-world beliefs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinberg, Matthew; Willer, Robb

    2011-01-01

    Though scientific evidence for the existence of global warming continues to mount, in the United States and other countries belief in global warming has stagnated or even decreased in recent years. One possible explanation for this pattern is that information about the potentially dire consequences of global warming threatens deeply held beliefs that the world is just, orderly, and stable. Individuals overcome this threat by denying or discounting the existence of global warming, and this process ultimately results in decreased willingness to counteract climate change. Two experiments provide support for this explanation of the dynamics of belief in global warming, suggesting that less dire messaging could be more effective for promoting public understanding of climate-change research.

  6. Reviving the Town Meeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grove, Tim

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the use of the National Issues Forum's (NIF's) town meetings in efforts to increase citizen participation in democratic processes. Describes the Catholic adaptation of the NIF approach, providing examples of its use at the high school, college, and community level. (MAB)

  7. An agrarian town?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haase, Kirstine

    been based on the sparse remains of a Viking Age ring fortress and written sources testifying to Odense as a place of significance from around 1000 CE. Recent large-scale excavations have offered the opportunity to study this early phase of the town from an archaeological point of view emphasizing...

  8. Nekemte Town, East Wollega

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A cross-sectional study was conducted in Nekemte town of Oromia Regional State between February and. March 2006. ... know little about the natural process of puberty. This lack .... 408 (60.4%) were living with their parents during the survey. ... Married 13 1.9 .... control over their sexual drive and get forced to make '.

  9. Town Centre Redevelopment Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vagnby, Bo Hellisen

    as slum clearence and urban renewal. To a certain extent parallels are drawn to international experiences, especially where these are of such a nature that they can be assumed transferred to Danish connctions. Conclusively, the strategies are discussed in the light of the turn of Danish urban planning...... urban planning and design strategieswhich have been practised in most of the larger Danish towns: pedestrian streets, shopping centres, preservation of historic features, waterfronts, concentration of offices, conference and sports facilities, improvement og traffic and transport conditions as well...... during late years, where increased internationalisation is in focus and where it seems as if the social dimension of the town centre planning is slipping out of the hands of the urban planners....

  10. Contagem de fontes de radio na direção de aglomerados ricos de galaxias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreazza, C. M.; Andernach, H.

    A contagem de fontes de rádio, na direção de aglomerados ricos de galáxias, deve fornecer uma distribuçãto acima da média do campo devido aos efeitos do meio. No entanto, a distribução de radiofontes de alguns aglomerados, investigada por vários autores no passado, mostrou, em alguns casos, uma deficência de fontes fracas. Neste trabalho, analisamos os levantamentos em 2.7 GHz (Reuter e Andernach 1990, 1990A&AS...82..279R; Loiseau et al. 1988, 1988A&AS...75...67L) e o catálogo 6CII em 151 MHz (Hales et al. 1988, 1988MNRAS.234..919H). Nosso estudio da distribução de radiofontes, na direção de aglomerados ricos de galáxias, nestas duas frequências, mostra um excesso de fontes fortes somente nas regiões centrais dos aglomerados. Este resultado pode ser explicado devido à evidência de confinamento das radiofontes pelo gás, do meio intra-aglomerado, e devido aos processos de colisão, coalescência e canibalismo de galáxias.

  11. Town Centre Redevelopment Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vagnby, Bo Hellisen

    After many years of urban growth Danish downtowns are facing some important choices. Shall the stake one-sidedly be on the town centres as driving forces for growth and 'city marketing', or do they still have a role to play in a broader socio-economic context? In the paper we look back on eight...... as slum clearence and urban renewal. To a certain extent parallels are drawn to international experiences, especially where these are of such a nature that they can be assumed transferred to Danish connctions. Conclusively, the strategies are discussed in the light of the turn of Danish urban planning...

  12. "Not a Museum Town"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ounanian, Kristen

    ) articulation of quaintness bridge the theoretical and the empirical in this paper. Empirical material from three Danish cases connects the authenticity discourse to a recurring turn of phrase used by respondents, the ‘museum town.’ A‘museum town’ epitomized a place absent of life. In this manner being......This paper centers on the discussion of authenticity in coastal communities. Theoretically, MacCannell’s (1973) insights into the attraction of primitive cultures and modernity’s loss of connection to the workbench, Relph’s (1976) conceptions of placelessness and kitsch, and Stilgoe’s (1994...... authentic required a working fleet, which carried deeper implications for transformation of fishing communities....

  13. On-farm Energy Use (Case of Dire County, Kermanshah Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nashmil Afsharzade

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the amount of diesel consumption as one of the non-renewable energy sources consumed by the agricultural machinery and water pumps in wheat and corn farms in Dire County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. The population of the study was determined by Bartlett et al. (2001’s table. Stratified random sampling method and census was used for the selection of respondents. The sample was composed of 247 wheat growers, 235 corn growers, and 57 tractor drivers selected by Bartlett et al. (2001’s table. Combine drivers as well as farm irrigation diesel owners were selected by census (n=15, n=48, respectively. The data collection tool was a questionnaire and the data were analyzed by SPSS software package. The findings revealed that in wheat farms, soil preparation had the highest consumption of diesel by 49% and in corn farms inter culturing had the highest diesel consumption by 38%. Moreover, the amount of diesel consumed in 3600 ha wheat and a corn farm in Dire County was 403,852.6 lit/year equivalent to 15,346,399 MJ. Burning this amount of diesel produces about 1, 058,094 kg CO 2/year. Overall, farm machinery, water pumping and irrigation for two major crops in the county are extremely reliant on nonrenewable fossil fuel resulting in large amount of CO 2 emission. Hence, an aggressive and innovative policy is required to restructure and redesign energy system in agriculture sector at national and local levels. Finally, it seems that paradigm shift to sustainable agriculture and development of clean and renewable energy in Iran's agricultural sector is unavoidable.

  14. City and Town Halls; townHalls13

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Locations of city and town halls in Rhode Island. Derived using information originally compiled by the State of Rhode Island (http://www.ri.gov), and built upon...

  15. Robótica Educacional – Geometria da direção de triciclos com “drive governor”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Santos

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo aborda o projeto de robô móvel em forma de triciclo revelando características peculiares da sua geometria de direção permitindo compreender detalhes de seu dimensionamento a partir do conhecimento do ambiente com o qual ele irá interagir.

  16. The dire need for primary care specialization in India: Concerns and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nafis Faizi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary health care is an evidence-based priority, but it is still inadequately supported in many countries. Ironically, on one hand, India is a popular destination for medical tourism due to the affordability of high quality of health care and, on the other hand, ill health and health care are the main reasons for becoming poor through medical poverty traps. Surprisingly, this is despite the fact that India was committed to 'Health for All by 2000' in the past, and is committed to 'Universal Health Coverage' by 2022! Clearly, these commitments are destined to fail unless something is done to improve the present state of affairs. This study argues for the need to develop primary care as a specialization in India as a remedial measure to reform its health care in order to truly commit to the commitments. Three critical issues for this specialization are discussed in this review: (1 The dynamic and distinct nature of primary care as opposed to other medical specializations, (2 the intersection of primary care and public health which can be facilitated by such a specialization, and (3 research in primary care including the development of screening and referral tools for early diagnosis of cancers, researches for evidence-based interventions via health programs, and primary care epidemiology. Despite the potential challenges and difficulties, India is a country in dire need for primary care specialization. India's experience in providing low-cost and high quality healthcare for medical tourism presages a more cost-effective and efficient primary care with due attention and specialization.

  17. A town in the making

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlström, Hanna Sofia Strandmark

    new aspects to this problem by studying urbanity through social practices in the first phases of the developing town of Copenhagen, Denmark. One of these areas concerns crafting, specifically iron processing. Through four areas of study, I analyse the material remains of social practices undertaken...... on the site of Town Hall Square c. AD 1050-1300. This paper will discuss the two questions: What can the study of social practices connected to the iron processing activities, in combination with technical analyses, reveal of urban development, of people and networks involved in the iron handling? And what...

  18. Episcopal towns of medieval Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalić Jovanka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is part of a study devoted to the role of the so-called old bishoprics in the medieval history of Serbia. Most of the towns functioning as epsicopal sees grew on early Christian sites and traditions, and were renovated in the Byzantine period. The goal of the research, focused on two towns, Ras and Niš, with the findings cross-checked against Prizren and Belgrade, is to examine the attitude of the Serbian rulers towards the pre-existing ecclesiastical organization. The research also addresses the issue of the capital city of the medieval Serbian state.

  19. Marketing the Uniqueness of Small Towns. Small Town Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogg, David H.; Dunn, Douglas

    A small town can strengthen its local economy as a result of business people and concerned citizens collectively identifying that community's uniqueness and then capitalizing on it via advertising, personal selling, sales promotion, or publicity. This publication relates the science of marketing to communities. Seven simple techniques are provided…

  20. The changing face of Ghanaian towns

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    conditions and poor environmental conditions; it is argued that the face of Ghanaian ... and towns are presented with recommendations to help Ghanaian cities and towns ... characterised this geographical region as Ghana's “problem region”.

  1. The Cheapest Apartments in Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ankele, Chad; Sommer, Robert

    1973-01-01

    Several surveys are reported of tenants in a low-rent apartment complex in a university town before and after renovation. The tenants were willing to trade off the lack of amenities and anomie in return for low rent and casual lease arrangements. (JP)

  2. The Cheapest Apartments in Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ankele, Chad; Sommer, Robert

    1973-01-01

    Several surveys are reported of tenants in a low-rent apartment complex in a university town before and after renovation. The tenants were willing to trade off the lack of amenities and anomie in return for low rent and casual lease arrangements. (JP)

  3. Marketing the Uniqueness of Small Towns. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Douglas; Hogg, David H.

    The key to marketing a town is determining and promoting the town's "differential advantage" or uniqueness that would make people want to visit or live there. Exercises to help communities gain important insights into the town's competitive edge include a brainstorming session with knowledgeable community members, a visitor questionnaire, a…

  4. RadTown USA: Basic Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Burbs Countryside Waterfront Downtown Did you know? RadTown Games Educational Materials Bring RadTown into the classroom with lesson ... click! Area Navigation Home Burbs Countryside Waterfront Downtown Educational Materials RadTown A to Z Games Link to Us Glossary Subscribe to Listserv News ...

  5. CAPE TOWN'S TIME-GUNS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.M. Bisset

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Although a great many articles have been written on the subject of Cape Town's noon gun (the. official terminology is 'time-gun' most of the writers have not had access to the Lion Battery Fort Record Book and the existance of more than one Cape Town time-gun has only recently been recorded. By 1807 a noon gun was fired regularly from the Imhoff Battery on the seaward side of the Castle.1 On 4 August 1902 the noon gun was fired from Lion Battery on Signal Hill for the first time.2 The battery was built because of fears of war with Russia and had been armed with two 9- inch Rifled Muzzle Loading guns by 1891. Lion Battery was remodelled in 1911.

  6. Towards the making of a town

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlström, Hanna Sofia Strandmark

    What makes the town a town is partly the diversity of activities taking place there – and with that comes a diversity of social roles among the people in the town. Trade, craft, clerical institutions and fortifications may be important functional and iconic trademarks of towns, but in some ways...... of the Urban Encounters project. My project deals with exploring the early urban development of Copenhagen, c. 1050-1300, with the material from recent year’s excavation at Rådhuspladsen as the main focus. By analyzing the material traces of daily practices related to the people active in this area, I want...... to find out what activities, people and networks have been important for the early development of the town, from its very first steps. On a more general level, and with Copenhagen as a case study, I want to explore what can be said about urbanity by studying the social dimensions of town life...

  7. An Undiscouered Scenic Town in Western China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AI; MEI

    2002-01-01

    WE came across Fubao (fortune and trea-sure) Town by chance during a trip to Fobao (Buddhist Treasure) Mountain in Sichuan Province. Cloaked in dense forest, watered by rivers and waterfalls, and the habitat of various wild animals, the mountain is 46 kilometers from Hejiang County, Luzhou City. At its foot nestles the small secluded town of Fubao, little changed throughout the centuries.First emerging in the late Song Dynasty, Fubao Town took shape during the Ming Dynasty.

  8. The orientation of Trajan's town of Timgad

    CERN Document Server

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2012-01-01

    An equation, generally used for solar energy applications, can be applied to archaeoastronomical calculations to determine the day of foundation of ancient towns. The equation is that giving the sunrise amplitude, and, the direction of the sunrise on the day of foundation was sometimes used to determine the main street of the town. Here we discuss the case of Timgad, a town founded by the Roman emperor Trajan. Probably, Timgad was founded on the Kalends of September.

  9. VT Designated New Town Center Boundary

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Municipalities that lack a historic downtown may obtain New Town Center designation, meeting requirements for planning, capital expenditures, and regulatory tools...

  10. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138 Dire Dawa, ... inflammatory urinary infections, skin rashes, neurological disorder, migraine ... The residues after filtration process were discarded while the filtrate part was.

  11. Economic analysis of freeway town of Yunnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Junquan; Zhang Haixiang

    2009-01-01

    Freeway town in Yunnan is driving to promote the economic development ties.The development along the highway in the town will become the central point of the performance the high-intensive economy in space and will increase new economic growth point along highway the vertical and horizontal development of the area around the gradient the proliJeration Point and Area.The highway town will develop to speed up the urbanization process and China should accelerate the development of the freeway town.Encouraging farmers will shift the highway town where some good conditions will build to.form a regional economic development and growth.This will be the promotion an inevitable choice of progress and rational way of China's rural economic" and social prosperity.In particular,freeway town will bring more added value of other social services of accommodation and catering industry of wholesale and retail of transportation and warehousing.Highway town and agriculture industrialization development will increase agriculture industry chain to improve agricultural products value and will enhance agricultural efficiency in Yunnan.The concentration of the non-agricultural industries of the speedway town will form pillar industries of highway town and will promote of tertiary industry development of hotels of insurance of finance of business of sports of culture of education of communications of transportation.Rural areas of Yunnan will adjust to optimize the industrial structure.It is estimated that a total 10 construction of the highway town of Yunnan will increase 0.8-1 billion )man revenue each year.

  12. Town Bridge and Culvert Inventories - Web Mapping App

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — VTCULVERTS.org web mapping application. Town bridge and culvert inventories currently collected by the RPCs (Regional Planning Commissions), towns, and their...

  13. Exposure to alcohol outlets in rural towns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    Lower-income populations are exposed to excess risks related to the presence of greater concentrations of alcohol outlets in their communities. Theory from economic geography suggests this is due to dynamic processes that shape urban retail markets (as outlets are attracted to areas of higher population density due to the increased demand but are excluded from higher-income areas due to land and structure rents). This mechanism may explain increased exposure to alcohol outlets for lower-income populations in rural areas. This study tests the hypothesis that the distribution of outlets between rural towns will reflect these market dynamics, such that outlets are concentrated in towns with (i) greater resident and temporary populations, (ii) with lower income, and (iii) which are adjacent to towns with higher income. Bayesian conditional autoregressive Poisson models examined counts of bars, restaurants, and off-premise outlets within 353 discrete towns of rural Victoria, Australia (mean population = 4,236.0, SD = 15,754.1). Independent variables were each town's total resident population, net changes to population (due to commuter flow, visitors, and the flow of local residents to other towns [spatial interaction]), and income for the local and adjacent towns. Lower local income and increased income in adjacent towns were associated with more outlets of all types. Greater resident populations and greater net population due to commuters also predicted greater numbers of all outlets. Bars and restaurants were positively related to greater net population due to visitors and negatively related to spatial interaction. The economic geographic processes that lead to greater concentrations of alcohol outlets in lower-income areas are common to all retail markets. Lower-income populations are exposed to increased risk associated with the presence of additional outlets that service demand from nonresidents. In rural areas, these processes appear to operate between

  14. Urbanization and Effective Town Planning in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2011-04-19

    Apr 19, 2011 ... studies and management is essentially for all town and country planning ... That is why good governance and effective leadership control is an ..... measures that contain both positive and negative elements include the Plan or.

  15. Syria Capital Has A China Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Syria's first China Town is situated in Addla Free Zone, Damascus.It is sanctioned by Syrian Ministry of Economy, recognized by China Embassy in Syria and supported by the Syria Government departments.

  16. VT Parcels from Towns and RPCs

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) CadastralParcels_VTPARCELS includes parcel data for cities/towns/villages/gores in Vermont. The dataset is a compilation of parcel shapefiles...

  17. ROMANIAN SMALL TOWNS SEARCHING FOR THEIR IDENTITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Ilinca STOICA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Romanian small towns – urban settlements of less than 20 000 inhabitants, having a polarization function of the socio-economic activities in the narrow rural areas - are considered an interface between rural and urban communities. Determining the identity of small towns is rather difficult, because complex and varied political, social and economic changes occurred in the previous century. Thus, three distinct phases have been established: before 1950 the towns had a rather strong rural character; in 1950-1989 their identity was completely changed under the communist regime; after that they somehow regained their initial identity (that before 1950, or promoted it at higher levels. There is a main discrepancy between the present stage and that before 1989: the then identity wasconventional and constrained whereas today it develops in a natural process conditioned only by the town itself and by the choice of its inhabitants.

  18. Direção ou coordenação? Repensando a representatividade institucional da enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Lourdes de Almeida

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de pesquisa descritiva, de abordagem qualitativa, do tipo documental, que teve como local o Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Paraná (HC-UFPR, na cidade de Curitiba-PR. O objetivo foi analisar comparativamente a descrição de dois cargos que representam o Serviço de Enfermagem, adotados em modelos gerenciais distintos. A análise de conteúdo dos documentos referentes aos cargos nos respectivos modelos de gerência evidenciou diferenças significativas. Os resultados apontaram várias alterações na descrição dos cargos e, dentre elas, do termo Direção de Enfermagem para Coordenação de Enfermagem, com a supressão da autonomia e poder de decisão sobre assuntos inerentes à profissão. Conhecimento e competência no exercício profissional são condições para que o enfermeiro mantenha sua autonomia e representatividade na estrutura organizacional.

  19. Development Path of Different County-Level Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haijiao; ZHANG; Zhenghe; ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    County-level town is important space carrier of China’s urbanization and the emphasis and key of strategic distribution for urbanization. Backwardness of county-level towns limits nearby transfer of surplus labor. To promote development of county-level towns,on the basis of classifying county-level towns,this paper analyzed motive and resistance factors of evolution of different county-level towns using historical data collection and statistical method,comparative approach,typical case study method,and studied development path for different county-level towns. From analysis,it reached the conclusion that industry exerts the most direct and fundamental influence on development of county-level towns,while the industrial development in county-level towns must base on their actual conditions. The county-level towns are not isolated,and their development should be established within the framework of national policy environment and superior and subordinate town system.

  20. How Dire Is Overfishing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Susan

    2007-01-01

    Recently, marine ecologists and economists have made the world aware of some alarming news about the ocean's bounty. According to researchers, populations of edible sea life are falling worldwide, and if the pattern were to continue, we would have no ocean fish left to harvest by midcentury. However, critics believe that this projection relies on…

  1. La science, la littérature, le rituel: le vrai dire et le plus que mentir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panagiotis Christias

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Le scientifique promet la vérité sans être en mesure d'accomplir sa promesse tandis que l'écrivain promet de mentir mais par son mensonge, il fait plus que mentir. Il ne dit certainement pas la vérité, car la vérité n'est pas sa préoccupation première. Voilà comment nous pouvons résumer les deux attitudes, condamnées à un antagonisme stérile par l'attitude positiviste moderne. Compte tenu donc de l'intention fondatrice de la science, de sa promesse donc originaire et fondatrice, la science doit dire la vérité et rien que la vérité. Ce qui, de l'aveu même de cette même science, est impossible. [...] La littérature se permet de reconstruire des mondes par-delà le vrai et le faux. [...] Un récit littéraire ne demande pas la consécration de la vérité, ne demande pas à être suivi parce que vrai, n'impose rien et n'attend rien. Sa vraie destinée est l'errance et sa vraie conscience est celle de sa dissémination. Celui qui renonce à la prétention de vérité renonce en même temps à la volonté de dominer. Dominer signifie créer un espace de vérité dans lequel celui qui énonce la vérité est le maître légitime de ceux qui sont dans le champ de la conception du monde dont cette vérité est la pierre angulaire.

  2. Política de Assistência Social: as direções da matricialidade sociofamiliar e do trabalho social com famílias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izabel Hérika Matias Cronemberger

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A família tem sido tomada como referência nas políticas sociais, em especial na de assistência social, o que tem reatualizado as demandas e expectativas em relação ao trabalho social dirigido a elas. Todavia, a direção dessa inserção da família na política pode se apresentar bastante variada e tensionada entre projetos familista, que a toma como um canal natural de proteção social a ser acionado pelas políticas sociais; o protetivo, fundado na proteção social pública, ou ainda um terceiro que conjuga e interrelaciona os dois projetos. O objetivo desse artigo é problematizar as diferentes direções da matricialidade sociofamiliar na política de assistência social e suas repercussões no trabalho social.

  3. Food Policing in Early Modern Danish Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jørgen Mührmann-Lund

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the efforts of early modern authorities to provide food security in three different Danish towns in order to understand the goals and methods of early modern food policing. As in other European countries, urban authorities were expected as part of the regulation called ‘the police’ to control the guilds and fix the prices on bread, meat, beer and other life necessities in order to avoid scarcity among the urban poor. In 1682–83 the Danish king established a police force in Copenhagen and the other market towns. The goal of the metropolitan police was to increase the population of the capital and thus increase the military-fiscal power of the absolutist state, by providing food security and even a comfortable life. In practice, the vigilant policing of bakers, butchers and brewers proved difficult. The positive economic effect of food policing was doubted early on and was reduced as a means to avoid food riots at the end the 18th century. In a major provincial market town like Aalborg, the food trade was policed in a similar manner by the town council and the police, but especially the intermediate trade proved difficult to stop. In a tiny, agrarian market town like Sæby, food policing was more a question of feeding the poor with the town’s own products.

  4. ARCHAEOLOGICAL DOCUMENTATION OF A DEFUNCT IRAQI TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Šedina

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this article is the possibilities of the documentation of a defunct town from the Pre-Islamic period to Early Islamic period. This town is located near the town Makhmur in Iraq. The Czech archaeological mission has worked at this dig site. This Cultural Heritage site is threatened by war because in the vicinity are positions of ISIS. For security reasons, the applicability of Pleiades satellite data has been tested. Moreover, this area is a no-fly zone. However, the DTM created from stereo-images was insufficient for the desired application in archeology. The subject of this paper is the testing of the usability of RPAS technology and terrestrial photogrammetry for documentation of the remains of buildings. RPAS is a very fast growing technology that combines the advantages of aerial photogrammetry and terrestrial photogrammetry. A probably defunct church is a sample object.

  5. Une façon d’indiquer la « non-coïncidence entre les mots et les choses », on va dire...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Labeau Emmanuelle

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Nous souhaitons nous pencher ici sur un emploi particulier de la périphrase en aller + infinitif qui n’a fait l’objet – à notre connaissance – que d’un article (Lansari 2010. Cet emploi « modalisant » que Lansari limite à la formule 'on va dire' mériterait d’être approfondi pour plusieurs raisons. D’une part, l’emploi n’est décrit que sur base de « vingt exemples tirés d’internet, de blogs ou de forums » (Lansari 2010: 120 alors que, de l’aveu de Lansari elle-même, l’emploi relève de l’oral. Il serait donc utile d’enrichir – quantitativement et qualitativement - le corpus et d’y intégrer des occurrences d’oral authentique. D’autre part, Lansari restreint l’emploi modalisant à la séquence 'on va dire' ; on pourrait s’interroger sur la capacité de séquences comme 'je vais dire' à remplir les mêmes fonctions discursives. Dans cet article, nous commencerons par un – forcément bref – état de la question. Après avoir présenté le corpus, nous testerons les hypothèses précédemment défendues à la lueur du corpus rassemblé: (a Le corpus CFPP2000 issu du projet Discours sur la ville. Corpus de Français Parlé Parisien des années 2000 (disponible en ligne à http://cfpp2000.univ-paris3.fr/Corpus.html. CFPP2000 donne la parole à 41 informateurs en 28 interviews (2198 min et a généré 96 occurrences de on va dire modalisant. (b Le corpus CLAPI comprenant 45 heures d’interactions interrogeables en ligne à http://clapi.univ-lyon2.fr/analyse_requete_aide.php?menu=outils. On y a relevé 12 exemples de on va dire modalisant. (c Un corpus personnel d’interviews (163min réalisées pendant l’année académique 2009-10 auprès de cinq étudiants Erasmus français grâce au soutien d’une bourse de la Délégation Générale à la Langue Française et aux Langues de France (DGLFLF. Les entretiens avec une assistante de recherche, basés sur les thèmes suivants, étaient suppos

  6. 77 FR 11524 - Town of Walden, Colorado; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Town of Walden, Colorado; Notice of Application Take notice that on February 1, 2012, Town of Walden, Colorado (Walden) filed with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission... area within which Walden may, without further Commission authorization, provide natural...

  7. Unintended pregnancy and induced abortion in a town with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    ... town with accessible family planning services: The case of Harar in ... Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Harrar town in southeast Ethiopia where family planning services ..... as the system providing family planning services.

  8. Town Bridge and Culvert Inventories - Export-Structures App Tool

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — VTCULVERTS.org app tool for exporting town bridge and culvert inventories that are currently collected by the RPCs (Regional Planning Commissions), towns, and their...

  9. Food Policing in Early Modern Danish Towns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    police’ to control the guilds and fix the prices on bread, meat, beer and other life necessities in order to avoid scarcity among the urban poor. In 1682-83 the Danish king a police force in Copenhagen and the other market towns. The goal of the metropolitan police was to increase the population...

  10. Town and countryside in a Dutch perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooij, P.

    2010-01-01

    Op 1 februari 2010 nam prof. dr. Pim Kooij afscheid als hoogleraar van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Voor deze gelegenheid stelde hij het boek Town and countryside in a Dutch perspective samen, dat in de Historia Agriculturae reeks verscheen. Het bevat onder meer zijn afscheidsrede 'The Tiger and

  11. homegardens and agrobiodiversity conservation in sabata town ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    peri-urban town located in the tepid-humid mid highland agroecological zone of southwest Shewa of Oromia Regional ... The resulting data were subjected to matrix ranking, descriptive statistical analysis and calculations .... homegardens in the country as a dominant species .... sizes of their gardens that limit cultivation of.

  12. Methods of Services Provision in Slovak Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emília Sičáková-Beblavá

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the methods of services provision in Slovak towns.  It addresses decision-making concerning selected services provision, based on a transaction cost economic model. The article looks at five types of services from that point of view. These are core services, i.e., services that are provided in most Slovak towns, thereby allowing outcomes of decision-making to be compared, and services which can be outsourced according to transaction cost theory. Findings partially confirm the hypothesis: Slovak towns do outsource, though “insourcing” moderately prevails. However, a comparison of several research studies in the area indicates a trend towards higher outsourcing of such local services provision.  The findings show that public bodies do not always select the most suitable methods of services provision, as suggested by the transaction costs theory (the Brown-Potoski model. This indicates that it is not only economic models that influence decision-making concerning the organization of services provision in the Slovak towns.

  13. Dire le temps, dire le changement Talk about time, talk about change. A socio-discursive analysis on how temporality is put into words in an organization on the move

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Carcassonne

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Comment parle-t-on aujourd’hui de son temps de travail dans les organisations en mouvement ? La mise en mots de ce temps permet-elle de donner du sens à son activité, comme l’entend Schütz, en envisageant la rétrospection et la prospection du point de vue d’une temporalité chronologique ? À la lumière des apports des théories narratives ayant insisté sur cette temporalité chronologique, mais aussi des apports des théories phénoménologiques ayant insisté sur la temporalité affective, nous analysons des extraits d’entretiens où des acteurs de l’entreprise contemporaine évoquent leur temps de travail sur un mode très affectif, avec une difficulté à se projeter dans l’avenir ou à relire le passé. Si les unités discursives renvoyant à une temporalité narrative affective ne sont pas répertoriables a priori, nous proposons cependant en conclusion une synthèse des différents aspects repérés dans les extraits. La façon de dire le thème des changements permanents qui touchent aujourd’hui l’entreprise nous interpelle finalement en ce qu’elle n’apparaît pas propre à une catégorie spécifique de personnel mais se repère à de multiples niveaux de responsabilités dans l’organisation. Le contexte de changement permanent de l’univers productif français influencerait ainsi les mises en récit, lesquelles sont de moins en moins marquées par des scansions clairement repérables mais soumises à une temporalité plus cyclique, vécue et dite sur un mode affectif, au sens phénoménologique du terme.How does one speak today about one’s time of/at work in organizations on the move? Following Schütz, who considers retrospection and projection from the point of view of a chronological temporality, does putting this time into words make it easier to give one’s activity meaning? We will take into account the contributions of narrative theories that emphasize this “chronological temporality” but

  14. Going to Town: Where Is the Nearest Steakhouse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Growing up in Loretto, Tennessee, population 1,700, people called it "going to town" when they went to any city big enough to have a McDonald's, Walmart, or a movie theater. If someone is not from a small town, they may not know what type of economic activities a small town can support. Will the town have a police department? Will there be enough…

  15. Three paradigms of modern development of Slovenian towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Drozg

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This contribution discusses three paradigms of spatial development of Slovenian towns, namely: garden town, outskirts and fractal town. The intention of this approach was comparison of towns with each other, as well as familiarization with their structure that originated through implementation of the individual concept. Findings are based on comparisons of three residential areas in Maribor, Ravne na Koroškem and Ljubljana.

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Point locations of cities and towns in Arizona., Published in 2006, Arizona State Land Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2006. It is described as 'Point locations of cities and towns in Arizona.'. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  17. Direções teórico-metodológicas do curso de Educacão Física da UFSC - identificando contradições

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Lazzarotti Filho

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é fruto de uma pesquisa desenvolvida na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC. Teve como objetivo buscar um delineamento epistemológico das monografias do Curso de Licenciatura em Educação Física desta Universidade, no período de 1992 a 1995, identificando as tendências teóricas predominantes, analisando essa direção e tentando avaliar as conseqüências para uma pratica pedagógica.

  18. Anthropogenic sinkholes in the town of Naples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vennari, Carmela; Parise, Mario

    2016-04-01

    The importance of sinkhole as a natural hazard is often underrated when compared with landslides, floods, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes in Italy. Sinkholes are rarely included in risk analysis despite their frequent occurrence in several parts of Italy, especially in karst lands or in those sectors of the country where artificial cavities have been realized underground by man for different purposes. Among the most affected Italian regions, Campania (southern Italy) stands out for several reasons, with particular regard to the town of Naples, highly affected by anthropogenic sinkholes. These latter have caused serious damage to society, and above all to people in terms of deaths, missing persons, and injured people, due to the high urbanization of the city, developed above a complex and extensive network of cavities, excavated during the 2000 years of history of the town. Among the different typologies of artificial cavities, it is worth mentioning the high number of ancient quarry used to extract the building materials for the town construction. The Institute of Research for the Hydrological Protection (IRPI) of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR) has been working in the last years at populating a specific chronological database on sinkholes in the whole Italian country. On the base of the collected data, Naples appears to have been affected by not less than 250 events from the beginning of the century to nowadays. The IRPI database includes only sinkholes for which a temporal reference on their time of occurrence is known. Particular attention was given on this information, since the catalogue idea is to make a starting point for a complete sinkhole hazard analysis. At this aim, knowledge of the time of occurrence is mandatory. Day, month and year of the event are known for about 70% of sinkholes that took place in Naples, but the hour of occurrence is known for just 6% of the data. Information about site of occurrence are, on the other hand, highly

  19. The role and management of greenery in small towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Šepec Mlakar

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Green areas of small towns are often the property of the community, meaning of its inhabitants and are therefore a public and common good. Besides the public green areas, privately owned green areas appear, which are more important in small towns because of the size of the towns themselves. Green areas in small towns affect the identity of the town and satisfy the needs of their inhabitants. In comparison with other uses of land, they are a distinct and equal physical category which requires an autonomous approach. In the article approach to solutions, evaluation and the administrative design system are pointed out.

  20. Reggio Emilia between town planning and facts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Rosa Ronzoni

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Reggio Emilia can boast an old and well-established tradition in town-planning. Important city planners and architects, who have contributed to signify town planning during the period of the functionalism have worked to develop and to transform Reggio Emilia’s area. Reggio Emilia belongs to one of the Italian city most involved to test new experiences as citizen’s participation in planning’s processes or to use in a systematic way tools as mobility plan or historical centre plan. What is the contribution due to regional laws and what to local people’s character, persons with a lively imagination and a passion for testing all what is new? Has been able that plans and ideas to form city’s areas as they meant?

  1. Food Policing in Early Modern Danish Towns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the efforts of early modern authorities to provide food security in three different Danish towns in order to understand the goals and methods of early modern food policing. As in other European countries, urban authorities were expected as part of the regulation called ‘the...... police’ to control the guilds and fix the prices on bread, meat, beer and other life necessities in order to avoid scarcity among the urban poor. In 1682-83 the Danish king a police force in Copenhagen and the other market towns. The goal of the metropolitan police was to increase the population...... of the capital and thus increase the military-fiscal power of the absolutist state, by providing food security and even a comfortable life. In practice, the vigilant policing of bakers, butchers and brewers proved difficult. The positive economic effect of food policing was doubted early on and was reduced...

  2. SERVIR Town Hall - Connecting Space to Village

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limaye, Ashutosh S.; Searby, Nancy D.; Irwin, Daniel; Albers, Cerese

    2013-01-01

    SERVIR, a joint NASA-USAID project, strives to improve environmental decision making through the use of Earth observations, models, and geospatial technology innovations. SERVIR connects these assets with the needs of end users in Mesoamerica, East Africa, and Hindu Kush-Himalaya regions. This Town Hall meeting will engage the AGU community by exploring examples of connecting Space to Village with SERVIR science applications.

  3. Innovative sewerage solutions for small rural towns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaper, C; Sharma, A

    2007-01-01

    The development and implementation of alternative wastewater servicing approaches in rural communities in Australia appears more feasible than in larger urban developments as many rural centres rely on septic tanks and surface discharge of greywater. This method of disposal creates many environmental, social and economic issues and is seen to limit potential for growth in many towns. This paper describes a generic methodology for the selection of innovative sewerage options for six regional towns in Victoria, Australia. The method includes consultation with stakeholders, multi-criteria assessment and concept design of the most favourable option. Despite the broad range of initial wastewater servicing options presented which included cluster-scale systems, upgrade of existing systems, greywater reuse and alternative collection, the outcome for five of the six towns was a modified centralised collection system as the preferred option. Lack of robust and reliable data on the human health risks and environmental impacts of alternative systems were identified as the primary data gaps in the sustainability assessment. In addition, biases in the assessment method due to stakeholder perceptions were found to be an additional issue.

  4. Prevalence and seasonal incidence of nematode parasites and fluke infections of sheep and goats in eastern Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sissay, Menkir M; Uggla, Arvid; Waller, Peter J

    2007-10-01

    A 2-year abattoir survey was carried out to determine the prevalence, abundance and seasonal incidence of gastro-intestinal (GI) nematodes and trematodes (flukes) of sheep and goats in the semi-arid zone of eastern Ethiopia. During May 2003 to April 2005, viscera including liver, lungs and GI tracts were collected from 655 sheep and 632 goats slaughtered at 4 abattoirs located in the towns of Haramaya, Harar, Dire Dawa and Jijiga in eastern Ethiopia. All animals were raised in the farming areas located within the community boundaries for each town. Collected materials were transported within 24 h to the parasitology laboratory of Haramaya University for immediate processing. Thirteen species belonging to 9 genera of GI nematodes (Haemonchus contortus, Trichostrongylus axei, T. colubriformis, T. vitrinus, Nematodirus filicollis, N. spathiger Oesopha-gostomum columbianum, O. venulosum, Strongyloides papillosus, Bunostomum trigonocephalum, Trichuris ovis, Cooperia curticei and Chabertia ovina), and 4 species belonging to 3 genera of trematodes (Fasciola hepatica, F. gigantica, Paramphistomum {Calicohoron} microbothrium and Dicrocoelium dendriticum) were recorded in both sheep and goats. All animals in this investigation were infected with multiple species to varying degrees. The mean burdens of adult nematodes were generally moderate in both sheep and goats and showed patterns of seasonal abundance that corresponded with the bi-modal annual rainfall pattern, with highest burdens around the middle of the rainy season. In both sheep and goats there were significant differences in the mean worm burdens and abundance of the different nematode species between the four geographic locations, with worm burdens in the Haramaya and Harar areas greater than those observed in the Dire Dawa and Jijiga locations. Similar seasonal variations were also observed in the prevalence of flukes. But there were no significant differences in the prevalence of each fluke species between the

  5. Le POSSUM: un bon score pour prédire la mortalité du sujet âgé opéré en urgence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mzoughi, Zeineb; Bayar, Rached; Djebbi, Achref; Talbi, Ghofrane; Romdhane, Hayfa; Aloui, Wafa; Lassaad, Gharbi; Khalfallah, Mohamed Taher

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Le POSSUM (Physiologic and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity) est un score prédictif de mortalité qui est largement utilisé en chirurgie aortique élective et abdominale. Le but de notre étude est une validation du POSSUM chez le sujet âgé (>70 ans) opéré pour une urgence digestive. Nous nous proposons d'étudier les meilleurs seuils du POSSUM, composé d'un score physiologique et d'un score opératoire, pour prédire la mortalité dans cette population. Méthodes Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective analytique de type cas témoin à partir d'une série de 291 patients d'âge ≥ 70 ans opérés pour une urgence digestive. Ces patients étaient répartis en deux groupes comportant 50 patients chacun. Le groupe "DC": patients décédés en post opératoire immédiat et le Groupe témoin "SURV" choisis par tirage au sort. Nous avons analysé la fiabilité du POSSUM pour prédire la mortalité et la morbidité. Par la suite, nous avons établi des courbes de ROC pour définir les seuils qui donnent le meilleur couple sensibilité/spécificité. Résultats Le score physiologique, le score opératoire et les taux de morbidité et mortalité prédits par POSSUM et la mortalité prédit par P-POSSUM représentaient des facteurs prédictifs de mortalité (P <0,0001). Les valeurs seuils du score physiologique et du score opératoire qui donnent le meilleur couple sensibilité/spécificité, étaient respectivement de 23 et 15. Conclusion Prédire la mortalité permet de cibler la prise en charge et d'informer le patient et sa famille des risques encourus. PMID:27795763

  6. On the orientation of Roman towns in Italy

    CERN Document Server

    Magli, G

    2007-01-01

    As is well known, several Roman sources report on the existence of a town foundation ritual, inherited from the Etruscans, which allegedly included astronomical references. However, the possible existence of astronomical orientations in the layout of Roman towns has never been tackled in a systematic way. As a first step in this direction, the orientation of virtually all Roman towns in Italy (38 cities) is studied here. Non-random orientation patterns emerge from these data, aiming at further research in this field.

  7. Incidence of Trypanosoma evansi in Thrissur town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepa G Menon and Litty Mathew

    Full Text Available There were report of two cases of Trypanosomiasis in thrissur town. It is a disease complex caused by several species of blood-and tissue-dwelling protozoan parasites. It affects cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, camels wild animals and man. Severity of disease varies with species and age of the animal infected and the species of trypanosome involved. Confirmation depends on demonstrating trypanosomes in stained blood smears or wet mounts. Animals can be given drugs prophylactically in areas with an incidence. Drug resistance must be carefully monitored by frequent blood examinations for trypanosomes in treated animals. [Veterinary World 2008; 1(9.000: 275-277

  8. Proportionality in enterprise development of South African towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maitland T. Seaman

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available We investigated proportionalities in the enterprise structures of 125 South African towns through examining four hypotheses, (1 the magnitude of enterprise development in a town is a function of the population size of the town; (2 the size of an enterprise assemblage of a town is a function of the town’s age; (3 there are statistically significant relationships, and hence proportionalities, between the total number of enterprises in towns and some, if not all, of the enterprise numbers of different business sectors in towns; and (4 the implications of proportionalities have far-reaching implications for rural development and job creation. All hypotheses were accepted on the basis of statistically significant (p < 0.05 correlations, except for the second hypothesis – the age of a town does not determine the size of its enterprise assemblage. Analysis for the fourth hypothesis suggested that there are two broad entrepreneurial types in South African towns: ‘run-of-the-mill’ entrepreneurs and ‘special’ entrepreneurs, which give rise to different enterprise development dynamics. ‘Run-of-the-mill’ enterprises are dependent on, and limited by, local demand and if there is only a small demand, the entrepreneurial space is small. By comparison, ‘special’ enterprises have much larger markets because their products and/or services are exportable. We propose that the fostering of ‘special’ entrepreneurs is an imperative for local economic development in South African towns.

  9. The historical town core and traffic in Novo mesto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilijana Jankovič

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The historical town core of Novo mesto is subject to intolerable traffic conditions. Individual car use is suffocating the town core, but simultaneously good access is essential for shopkeepers and other inhabitants since buses don’t go there. The project proposes changes to the traffic regime, its basic goals are to redesign the town square into a pedestrian place and to eliminate transitory traffic by rerouting vehicles to less burdened side roads. It introduces short-term parking, smaller parking garages in the core and larger parking spaces on the edge and routes the buses through the town core.

  10. The transport of atmospheric sulfur over Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenner, Samantha L.; Abiodun, Babatunde J.

    2013-11-01

    Cape Town, renowned for its natural beauty, is troubled by an unpleasant brown haze pollution, in which atmospheric sulfur plays a major role. This study investigates whether Cape Town is a net producer or recipient of anthropogenic sulfur pollution. In the study, two atmospheric chemistry-transport models (RegCM and WRF) are used to simulate atmospheric flow and chemistry transport over South Africa for two years (2001 and 2002). Both models reproduce the observed seasonal variability in the atmospheric flow and SO2 concentration over Cape Town. The models simulations agree on the seasonal pattern of SO2 over South Africa but disagree on that of SO4. The simulations show that ambient sulfur in Cape Town may be linked with pollutant emissions from the Mpumalanga Highveld, South Africa's most industrialized region. While part of atmospheric SO2 from the Highveld is transported at 700 hPa level toward the Indian Ocean (confirming previous studies), part is transported at low level from the Highveld toward Cape Town. In April, a band of high concentration SO2 extends between the Highveld and Cape Town, following the south coast. Extreme sulfur pollution events in Cape Town are associated with weak flow convergence or stagnant conditions over the city, both of which encourage the accumulation of pollution. However the study suggests that atmospheric sulfur is being advected from Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town and this may contribute to atmospheric pollution problems in Cape Town.

  11. Sistema não-Intrusivo para Estimação da Direção do olhar utilizando redes neurais artificiais

    OpenAIRE

    Peixoto, Helton Maia

    2010-01-01

    Os sentidos fundamentais do corpo humano são: visão, audição, tato, gustação(ou paladar) e olfato. Estes constituem as funções que propiciam o nosso relacionamento com o ambiente. A visão funciona como um receptor sensorial responsável pela captação de informações do mundo exterior que serão enviadas ao cérebro. O olhar reflete a sua atenção, intenção e interesse. Sendo assim, a estimação da direção do olhar, a partir de modelos computacionais, possibilita uma alternativa promissora para melh...

  12. O desafio do desenvolvimento frente aos marcos ecológico e de mercado em direção à sustentabilidade no século XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Madeira da Silveira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho demonstrar-se-á o desafio do modelo desenvolvimentista atual em direção à preconizada e colimada sustentabilidade. A primeira década deste século XXI foi marcada por dois marcos, um ambiental (as mudanças climáticas e outro de mercado (a crise econômica mundial, que colocaram em cheque o sistema capitalista, tendo em vista as soluções insustentáveis que foram tomadas para enfrentar estes marcos. Foram objeto de análise da pesquisa, a não adesão dos EUA ao Protocolo de Quioto; o contraponto dos países “em desenvolvimento” entre desenvolver-se ora sustentavelmente, ora insustentavelmente; e o fomento do consumo como única alternativa encontrada pelo países para a saída da crise econômica mundial.

  13. Álcool e Direção em Universitários, Comunicação Persuasiva e Prevenção

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nemésio Dario Almeida

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve dois objetivos a pesquisar, através da Teoria da Ação Racional (TAR: (1 testar a adequação da TAR no que diz respeito à predição da intenção para adotar o comportamento do não uso de bebidas alcoólicas e direção em estudantes universitários; (2 testar a influência de três tipos de comunicações persuasivas (positiva, negativa e irrelevante, baseadas também na TAR, sobre a intenção de adotar ainda o mesmo comportamento preventivo citado. Para tanto, considerou-se uma amostra de 163 universitários, sendo 99 mulheres e 64 homens, com 18 a 42 anos de idade, do campusUFPE. Os resultados demonstraram que, segundo a TAR, existiu uma rendição para os grupos experimentais; consideráveis percentuais de variância da variável dependente explicados pelas independentes dos grupos experimentais e controle-placebo; correlações satisfatórias e significativas para variáveis. Coube à estratégia persuasiva negativa maior variância da variável dependente. Correlações confirmaram validade teórica e metodológica à TAR. Evidenciaram-se diferentes fatores influenciando o comportamento estudado, apontando possíveis caminhos para o planejamento de programas, cujo objetivo seja estimular o não uso de álcool e direção, e estratégias preventivas, bem como congregar novos modelos (mídia, por exemplo que elucidam com maior realismo a complexidade desse comportamento nessa significativa população.

  14. Have tsetse flies disappeared from Brazzaville town?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Bitsindou

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: From 1980 to 1985, the zoological park of Brazzaville was the only tsetse resting site located in downtown which supplied others temporary sites. The last trapping survey carried out in this area in 1987 showed that there were no more tsetse flies. Knowing that areas free of tsetse used to be reinvaded many years later, we have carried out an entomological survey in the area with the aim to verify what has happened more than twenty years later; given that suitable environmental conditions for Glossina are still available. Methods: Sixteen pyramidal traps were set out at the edge of the forest, along paths and around animal’s cages and were examined twice a day, at 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. during four days. Results: No tsetse fly was captured. Using the formula previously described; the probability of capturing a tsetse fly is 0.002. Conclusion: The zoological park seems close to be free of tsetse flies. Long-lasting surveys within the town and around are required before stating a complete disappearance of tsetse in the town.

  15. ATMOSPHERIC AIR QUALITY IN CALARASI TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia NEAGU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper seeks to highlight the appearance of air pollution in Calarasi region on the basis of the annual reports of the environment in recent years and of the integrated air quality management for Cǎlǎraşi (data are presented about current and future emissions and concentrations of pollutants I tried to mark out the impurity of the atmospheric air from this area.Emission data interpretation was made on the basis of the inventory of emissions of pollutants in the air made for fixed and mobile sources in Calarasi town in recent years using the program Corinvent and Corinair emission factors, and imissions data were used to monitor the air quality monitoring network air quality. The index of the quality of the air showed the highest values in winter.There have been occasional instances of the limit provided by law for particulate matter PM10, Calarasi, or being the intense traffic, the topoclimate in summer periods with high temperatures and deficient pluviometric regime, but also because housing fuel winter warming solid. There major problems of environmental pollution of air quality in Calarasi town that falls within the limits imposed by the legislation in force. This is due especially to the fact that many industrial centres have been closed.

  16. Astroparticle Physics European Consortium Town Meeting Conference

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    The Astroparticle Physics European Consortium (APPEC) invites you to a town meeting at the Grand Amphithéatre de Sorbonne in Paris on the 6th and 7th April 2016 to discuss an update of the 2011 APPEC Astroparticle Physics roadmap, to be published in September 2016. In 2014 APPEC decided to launch an update of the 2011 Roadmap, transforming it to a “resource aware” roadmap. The intention was to gauge the financial impact of the beginnings of operation of the large global scale observatories put forward in the previous roadmap and to examine the possibilities of international coordination of future global initiatives. The APPEC Scientific Advisory Committee examined the field and prepared a set of recommendations. Based on these recommendations, the APPEC General Assembly drafted a set of “considerations” to be published by end of February 2016 and be debated in an open dialogue with the community, through the web page but primarily at the town meeting of 6-7 April. Based on this debate the final re...

  17. Transport of atmospheric NOx and HNO3 over Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abiodun, B. J.; Ojumu, A. M.; Jenner, S.; Ojumu, T. V.

    2013-05-01

    Cape Town, the most popular tourist city in Africa, usually experiences air pollution with unpleasant odour in winter. Previous studies have associated the pollution with local emission of pollutants within the city. The present study examines the transport of atmospheric pollutants (NOx and HNO3) over South Africa and shows how the transport of pollutants from the Mpumalanga Highveld may contribute to the pollution in Cape Town. The study analysed observation data (2001-2008) from Cape Town air quality network and simulation data (2001-2004) from regional climate model (RegCM4) over southern Africa. The simulation accounts for the influence of complex topography, atmospheric condition, and atmospheric chemistry on emission and transport of pollutants over southern Africa. Flux budget analysis was used to examine whether Cape Town is a source or sink for NOx and HNO3 during the extreme pollution events. The results show that extreme pollution events over Cape Town are associated with the low-level (surface-850 hPa) transport of NOx from the Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town, and with a tongue of high concentration of HNO3 that extends from the Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town along the south coast of South Africa. The prevailing atmospheric conditions during the extreme pollution events feature an upper-level (700 hPa) anticyclonic flow over South Africa and a low-level col over Cape Town. The anticyclonic flow induces a strong subsidence motion, which prevents vertical mixing of the pollutants and caps high concentration of pollutants close to the surface as they are transported from the Mpumalanga Highveld toward Cape Town, while the col accumulates the pollutants over the city. This study shows that Cape Town can be a sink for the NOx and HNO3 during extreme pollution events and suggests that the accumulation of pollutants transported from other areas (e.g. Mpumalanga Highveld) may contribute substantially to the air pollution in Cape Town.

  18. Thermal environment analysis of mountainous towns based on GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高亚锋; 李百战; 王志浩; 杨玉兰

    2009-01-01

    Outdoor thermal environment prediction and evaluation system was established based on a geographic information system. The system uses digital elevation model data and satellite imagery of mountainous towns. The system can conveniently provide a three-dimensional view of a town as well as predict the urbanization rate and urban heat island intensity. In addition,the system also permits quick inquiry and analysis of the temperature field,moisture field,and wind field tendency and current conditions of towns. The system was tested using the town of Yunyang,Chongqing Municipality,China,as a case study. The system was used to analyze and predict the climate comfort of the entire town and the outdoor thermal environment comfort of certain town districts,squares and streets. The results are in accordance with the measured data. This outdoor thermal environment prediction and evaluation method thus can provide a feasible reference for the general plan of mountainous town and promote the sustainable development of mountainous towns.

  19. Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  20. Shrinking, ageing, disconnecting? The resilience of (some) Danish small towns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Herslund, Lise Byskov; Carstensen, Trine Agervig

    2013-01-01

    This paper is based on findings of a project investigating the challenges and prospects of Danish service towns with 1000 to 5000 inhabitants (Groth and Fertner 2013). Small towns in general are often associated with being losers of globalisation and suffering under urban and economic decline. Fu...

  1. Why Devil's town has Devil's water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jovic, Sladjana; Mitriceski, Bojana

    2015-04-01

    Why Devil's town has Devil's water In the south of Serbia, lies a first-class natural landmark "Devil's Town" at an altitude of 660-700 m. Earthen figures or "towers" as the locals call them, are located in the watershed between two gullies, whose sources joined together create a unique erosive formation, tremendously demolished by the erosive processes. The gullies also have strange names: "Devil's Gully" and "Hell's Gully". There are two rare natural phenomena at the same spot: 202 earthen figures of different shape and dimension, from 2 m to 15 m in height, and from 0.5 m to 3 m in width, with stone caps on the top. They are an outcome of a specific erosive process that lasts for centuries. When figures are formed, they grow, change, shorten, gradually (very slowly) disappear and reappear. The loose soil is dissolved and washed away by the rain. However, the material under the stone caps is protected from the "bombardment" of the rain drops and washout, and remains in place in the form of the rising earthen pillars - figures. Another natural rarity in "Devil's Town" are two springs of extraordinary properties "Devil's Water", which is located in vicinity of these earthen figures, is a cold and extremely acid spring (pH 1.5) of high mineral concentration (15 g/l of water), springing out in "Devil's Gully". In comparison to drinking water, it is 10 to 1000 times richer in minerals (aluminium, iron, potassium, copper, nickel, sulphur, and alaun). "Red Well" is another spring located downstream, in the alluvial plain, 400 m away from the first spring. Its water (pH 3.5) is less acid and has a lower general mineral concentration (4.372 mg/l of water). Due to the oxidation of iron, which is contained in water in large amounts, an attractive red terrace in the form of a fan is created. The main assessment for students is to take some examples of water from Devils Gully and the others from Red Well . Second part is to find out content of minerals in water examples and

  2. The Cape Town Statement on Geoethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Capua, Giuseppe; Peppoloni, Silvia; Bobrowsky, Peter

    2017-04-01

    The interest of geoscientists in (geo)ethical aspects of geoscience knowledge, education, research and practice is rising and today geoethics has a significant visibility. This prominence is the result of hard work done in the last 4 years by the IAPG - International Association for Promoting Geoethics (http://www.geoethics.org), a not-for-profit, multidisciplinary, scientific network (with more than 1350 members in 107 countries) established for widening the discussion and creating awareness about problems of ethics applied to the geosciences. IAPG has produced a strong conceptual substratum on which to base the future development of geoethics, by clarifying the meaning of the word Geoethics, formalizing its definition, and identifying a framework of reference values on which the geoscience community can base more effective codes of conduct. IAPG members have published numerous books and articles in peer reviewed international journals, and organized scientific sessions to bring geoethics at the most important geoscience conferences. Geoethical issues have been included in the European project ENVRI-Plus, dedicated to the environmental and solid Earth research infrastructures. Moreover, the most prestigious geoscience organizations around the world now recognize geoethics as an important issue that warrants attention. This success was confirmed by the high quality of contents and the large participation of scientists in the 6 technical sessions and single panel session on geoethics organized by IAPG at the 35th IGC - International Geological Congress, held in 2016 in Cape Town (South Africa), with the cooperative work of different geoscience organizations (IUGS-TGGP - Task Group on Global Geoscience Professionalism; GSL - Geological Society of London; EFG - European Federation of Geologists; EGS - EuroGeoSurveys; AGI - American Geosciences Institute; AGU - American Geophysical Union, and AAWG - African Association of Women in Geosciences). IAPG considers the 35th

  3. Fire Spread Model for Old Towns Based on Cellular Automaton

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Nan; WENG Wenguo; MA Wei; NI Shunjiang; HUANG Quanyi; YUAN Hongyong

    2008-01-01

    Old towns like Lijiang have enormous historic,artistic,and architectural value.The buildings in such old towns are usually made of highly combustible materials,such as wood and grass.If a fire breaks out,it will spread to multiple buildings,so fire spreading and controlling in old towns need to be studied.This paper presents a fire spread model for old towns based on cellular automaton.The cellular automaton rules were set according to historical fire data in empirical formulas.The model also considered the effects of climate.The simulation results were visualized in a geography information system.An example of a fire spread in Lijiang was investigated with the results showing that this model provides a realistic tool for predicting fire spread in old towns.Fire brigades can use this tool to predict when and how a fire spreads to minimize the losses.

  4. SOME ASPECTS REGARDING THE TERRITORIAL EVOLUTION OF ODORHEIU SECUIESC TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GHEORGHE ROŞIAN

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available By its geographical position, in a large depression on an intensely circulated valley corridor, Odorheiu Secuiesc town represented an important center among the settlements in the East of Transylvania. Since the relief was not a major restrictive factor, in the territorial evolution of the town the major role was played by its economical development and growth of the number of inhabitants. Along the centuries the settlement received important liberties, turning into an important administrative, commercial and education center. By the economical point of view, while in the other towns in the area the agriculture still represented the major weight, in Odorheiu Secuiesc intensely developed the crafts. For all that, the industrial development of the town took place only in the last half of the century, times when the town also experienced the most intense territorial extension.

  5. Xitang Water Town,Land of Fantasy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ "I cannot believe that I will leave here tomorrow.My days in Xitang have flashed by without many clear and distinct memories.It seems to me that each stroke of the oar has taken me further and further from reality,from the worries and stress of everyday life.I wonder what life was like hundreds of years ago? Perhaps they were just like the lives of Xitang locals today,with everyone having time to savor each drop of tea and enjoying life to the fullest,"a foreign tourist said so in his tourism dairy blog after his tour in Xitang,a famous water town in Jiaxing city of Zhejiang Province.

  6. Cyber Town at the Woodrow Wilson Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa M. Dennis

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Cyber Town is a technology based after-school program that concentrates on reading and technology literacy. The program provides at-risk minority youth a safe environment where they learn skills that will make them competitive in the digital age. Qualitative and quantitative data are collected on all after-school program participants enabling program staff with the ability to individualize technology aided instruction. Youth are instructed at appropriate instructional levels these levels are determined through reading level assessment software programs, teacher recommendations, and reading scores. The program provides a model others can utilize in operating similar computer based programs. It illustrates that when working with youth, educators may discover deeper problems than originally anticipated and adaptations must be made to meet the needs of those young people.

  7. Promoting small towns for rural development: a view from Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajracharya, B N

    1995-06-01

    Two small villages in Nepal are the subjects of case studies that illustrate the role of small towns in provision of services, employment, and market operations. Some general findings are that small towns act as service centers for distribution of basic essential goods such as food grains, salt, kerosene, and fabric for hill and mountain areas. The role of small towns as market centers and in the provision of employment is limited. In resource-poor areas small towns are less diversified. Towns with agricultural surpluses are more developed. Small hill towns satisfy consumption rather than production needs. The growth of rural areas and towns in rural areas in Nepal is dependent on arable land and levels of production in hill areas. Limited land and low levels of production have an adverse impact. Movement of people, goods, and services is limited by difficult terrain and lack of access to good roads. Variability in access to off-farm jobs and services available in small towns varies with ethnicity and place of residence. The best development strategy for small towns in Nepal is market-oriented territorial development, which retains surpluses in the local area and integrates markets in the larger economy. The strategy would decentralize planning into small territorial units that include both small towns and groups of villages, provide institutional support for the rural poor, expand off-farm employment, and include investment in region-serving functions. Subsistence agriculture needs to include diversification of high value cash crops based on local comparative advantage suitable for hill climate and terrain. Small farmers must produce both cash and subsistence crops. Government should provide market space and paved areas, weighing facilities, and overnight storage facilities. Products would be processed at the village level. Subdistricts must be established according to spatial and social linkages between villages and the service center and coordinated at the

  8. Foco na inovação e complementaridade em equipes de direção no desenvolvimento de novas empresas tecnológicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benny Kramer Costa

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Muitas novas empresas de base tecnológicas são criadas devido às necessidades de produção e comercialização que se impõem aos aficionados em tecnologia que têm foco inicial apenas na inovação para a criação de produtos. Uma das conseqüências comuns deste foco exacerbado na inovação é a formação de equipes de direção, nas quais falta a complementaridade de alguém hábil como empreendedor e gestor de negócios. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar um estudo comparativo de casos de novas pequenas e médias empresas (PME tecnológicas criadas por aficionados em tecnologia e da influência da complementaridade de habilidades entre os membros das equipes de direção sobre o desenvolvimento dessas empresas. O estudo identifica fatores viabilizadores e limitadores impostos pelo foco exacerbado na inovação. Ele também descreve algumas práticas úteis para se superar dificuldades provocadas pela falta de atenção inicial dos fundadores às competências empreendedoras e de gestão. A abordagem metodológica é descritiva e baseada em métodos qualitativos de pesquisa, integrando o estudo multi-caso (EISENHARDT, 1989. A coleta dos dados foi feita principalmente com entrevistas semiestruturadas em profundidade. A análise incluiu as etapas de análise intracaso e intercaso dos dados (MILES e HUBERMAN, 1994. Como resultado, verificou-se que a formação e o histórico das experiências dos diferentes fundadores se mostraram relevantes para explicar o tipo de foco dado à inovação tecnológica e às questões de negócio.

  9. The enterprise ecology of towns in the Karoo, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daan F. Toerien

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Two concepts, (1 companies are ‘living’ entities and (2 ‘company ecology’, stimulated our hypothesis that towns are ‘enterprise ecosystems’. This hypothesis cannot be tested directly. However, if it is correct, application of clustering and ordination techniques used frequently in studies of natural ecosystems, should reveal clusters of towns that are statistically significantly different (p < 0.05. A dataset of 47 towns in the Karoo, South Africa served as study material and their enterprise assemblages were profiled through the use of a simple method based on the examination of telephone directories. Clustering and ordination techniques revealed six different clusters of towns at a correlation coefficient level of 0.65 and the clusters differed significantly (p < 0.05 in some respects. The agricultural products and services, the tourism and hospitality, and the trade sectors were particularly important in defining these clusters. We concluded that enterprise ecology is a valid concept and towns are ‘ecosystems’ that also cluster together in larger groupings. An array of potentially important techniques and approaches for the study of business development in towns now provide support to, and intriguing questions confront, academic and practical researchers of enterprise development in towns.

  10. Regional Economic Types and Development Strategy of Small Towns in Suburb Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hun Fei; Cai Jianming; Liu Junping

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to classify the regional economic types and development dynamics of small towns in suburb Beijing by applying the classification methods developed by Nelson's method and Location Quotient method into 183 small towns in Beijing.Four types of small towns are thus identified,including urban agriculture dominated towns,manufacturing dominated towns,service industry dominated towns and comprehensive type towns with balanced economic development.Within the environment of geographical information system,the spatial distribution pattern of four types of small towns with their evolution trend is analyzed.The results indicate that four types of small towns have obvious 'core-periphery' spatial structure but with different functional orientations and evolution mechanisms.Based on this,the different development strategies for each type of small towns are summarized,providing a scientific reference for the differentiating planning and development strategies of these small towns.

  11. LOWER NORTH BATTERY - DEFENDED PORT OF SIMON'S TOWN

    OpenAIRE

    W.M. Bisset

    2012-01-01

    In 1975 Mr H. C. Willis suggested to the present writer that the SA Navy should mount a bronze plaque similar to those commissioned by the Simon's Town Historical Society and displayed on certain historical buildings in the town at Lower North Battery to make people more aware of its long and fascinating history. Although a number of the Simon's Town Port Record Books have been traced, that for Lower North Battery still cannot be found and important gaps in our knowledge of the battery's hist...

  12. Small towns resisting urban decay through residential attractiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje; Herslund, Lise Byskov;

    2015-01-01

    composition, residential migration, social organisation and community engagement form and affect small town (1000–5000 inhabitants) development patterns in Denmark and specific place-based endowments. The study is carried out with mixed methods, comprising a quantitative analysis of development trends...... of ‘residential urbanism’, the paper discusses the extent to which a residentially driven urban development can compensate for the generally unfavourable regional development context......Small towns are often considered as losing out in the current trend towards urban development. However, research from around Europe shows a great diversity of small town development, including successful development trajectories despite geographical disadvantages. Investigations...

  13. Micro Climate Simulation in new Town 'Hashtgerd'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sodoudi, S.; Langer, I.; Cubasch, U.

    2012-04-01

    One of the objectives of climatological part of project Young Cities 'Developing Energy-Efficient Urban Fabric in the Tehran-Karaj Region' is to simulate the micro climate (with 1m resolution) in 35ha of new town Hashtgerd, which is located 65 km far from mega city Tehran. The Project aims are developing, implementing and evaluating building and planning schemes and technologies which allow to plan and build sustainable, energy-efficient and climate sensible form mass housing settlements in arid and semi-arid regions ("energy-efficient fabric"). Climate sensitive form also means designing and planning for climate change and its related effects for Hashtgerd New Town. By configuration of buildings and open spaces according to solar radiation, wind and vegetation, climate sensitive urban form can create outdoor thermal comfort. To simulate the climate on small spatial scales, the micro climate model Envi-met has been used to simulate the micro climate in 35 ha. The Eulerian model ENVI-met is a micro-scale climate model which gives information about the influence of architecture and buildings as well as vegetation and green area on the micro climate up to 1 m resolution. Envi-met has been run with information from topography, downscaled climate data with neuro-fuzzy method, meteorological measurements, building height and different vegetation variants (low and high number of trees) Through the optimal Urban Design and Planning for the 35ha area the microclimate results shows, that with vegetation the microclimate in streets will be change: • 2 m temperature is decreased by about 2 K • relative humidity increase by about 10 % • soil temperature is decreased by about 3 K • wind speed is decreased by about 60% The style of buildings allows free movement of air, which is of high importance for fresh air supply. The increase of inbuilt areas in 35 ha reduces the heat island effect through cooling caused by vegetation and increase of air humidity which caused by

  14. Efeito da direção da transferência interlateral no aprendizado de tarefa de sequência de toques de dedos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo César Andrean

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo analisou o efeito da direção da transferência interlateral no aprendizado de tarefa de toques de dedos. Vinte participantes destros (18-30 anos foram divididos em 2 grupos: prática com a mão direita (GD e com a mão esquerda (GE. Os grupos foram avaliados em fases de pré-teste, pós-teste e retenção. A tarefa consistiu na realização do maior número de toques alternados entre o polegar e os demais dedos, durante 10 segundos, em sequência pré-estabelecida. O GE apresentou maior número de toques de dedos com a mão esquerda no pós-teste (Z=2,2; P=0,028 comparado ao pré-teste. O GD aumentou o número de toques de dedos do pré-teste para a retenção para a mão direita (Z=2,4; P=0,017 e esquerda (Z=2,6; P=0,009, indicando o aprendizado e a transferência interlateral. A transferência interlateral no sentido da mão direita para esquerda foi explicada pelo princípio da treinabilidade.

  15. TERRAIN, Town of Pocatello Levee PMR, Bannock COUNTY, IDAHO

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Town of Pocatello, Bannock County, ID created 2ft contours by photogrametric methods to serve as terrain. The areas for contour creation have been designed as...

  16. prevalence of hypertension and associated factors in bedele town ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    2014-01-01

    Jan 1, 2014 ... ... of hypertension and its risk factors among adults in Bedele Town, South-west Ethiopia. ... to elevated blood pressure (BP) that could have been reduced .... lack of physical exercise and high waist circumference were.

  17. Shigellosis Outbreak in Jimma Town, Oromiya Regional State ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Jimma Town and to determine susceptibility pattern of bacterial ... of prescription for the management of bacterial infections in ..... monitoring of food establishments. Therefore, meat ... diarrhea stools of pediatric outpatients in Jimma. Hospital ...

  18. Cities, Towns, Villages with 1990 Census Population (GNIS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set contains points for 1600 populated places, cities and towns, in New Mexico. The points were generated from latitude and longitude coordinates contained...

  19. EPA Region 1 - New England Towns, with Population

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The New England Town Boundary coverage is a compilation of coverages received from the six New England State GIS Offices. The EPA New England GIS Center appended the...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2005, WTH Technology, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2005. Data by this publisher are often provided in UTM...

  1. Demographic changes in towns of Central Serbia: Comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipović Marko

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to intensive urbanization, Central Serbia's urban population reached almost 60% in the total population. Despite the fact that the urban residents share in Serbia is still bellow the level of urbanization in developed countries, in which the percentage of urban residents exudes 70% (in majority of cases even more than 80%, it is an impression that demographic "resources" of rural areas have bean rather exhausted and that all demographic revitalization potential of Central Serbia is concentrated in towns. This paper treats the demographic changes which encompassed the towns of Central Serbia since 1981 census onwards, with special emphasis on the population migrations as well as on the natural growth, i.e. age - gender structure formation featuring the towns of Central Serbia. The changes will be analyzed trough a comparative analysis at the level of small, medium sized towns and big cities, while Belgrade will be represent as a special category.

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, SWGRC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  3. Pregnant Women Should Avoid Zika-Hit Texas Town: CDC

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_162573.html Pregnant Women Should Avoid Zika-Hit Texas Town: CDC ... 15, 2016 THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women should avoid traveling to a south Texas ...

  4. Prairie dog town at Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, Montana

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This is a vector polygon file showing the prairie dog town at Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument (LIBI). The coordinates for this dataset were collected...

  5. Bedrock geologic map of the town of Williston, Vermont

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Digital Data from VG07-4, Kim, J., Gale, M., Thompson, P.J. and Derman, K., 2007, Bedrock geologic map of the town of Williston, Vermont: Vermont Geological Survey...

  6. Tuberculosis in Cape Town: An age-structured transmission model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nello Blaser

    2016-03-01

    Conclusion: The protective effect of a first latent infection on subsequent infections and the faster progression in previously treated patients are the key determinants of the age-structure of TB notification rates in Cape Town.

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, Monroe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided in NAD_1983_HARN_WISCRS_Monroe_County_Feet coordinate system; in a...

  8. 42 Aluminum Plants Closed at Dali Town,Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>According to domestic media, Dali Town,which accounted for nearly one third of domestic total output of aluminum products,has started the energy-saving and emission-reducing campaign since last July.

  9. Reward and Punishment Patterns in Rural and Town Schoolchildren

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, E. D.; Slaughter, Margo Fitzgerald

    1977-01-01

    In this study 480 children from two types of communities, rural and town, were interviewed concerning recent critical incidents involving praise or punishment. Data were used to evaluate sex differences, community differences, and grade level differences. (SB)

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, County subdivisions, Published in 2006, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'County subdivisions'....

  11. The contribution of town functions to the development of rural areas: empirical analyses for Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tadesse Woeldesenbet, T.

    2012-01-01

    Rural areas in many developing countries often lack infrastructure and institutions. However, rural towns and towns possess some of the major services that rural and town households can use to advance their economic activities. The study of the contribution that towns and their functions make to dif

  12. Tropospheric ozone and its regional transport over Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nzotungicimpaye, Claude-Michel; Abiodun, Babatunde J.; Steyn, Douw G.

    2014-04-01

    As part of efforts to understand the sources of air pollution in Cape Town, this study investigates the local variation of tropospheric ozone (O3) and identifies possible advection paths of O3 pollution from a remote source to Cape Town. Measurements of O3 and wind from three sites in the Cape Town area were analyzed to study the local variations of O3. At each site, the diurnal variation of O3 is found to be mainly driven by photochemical production while the seasonal variation of O3 is mostly driven by wind conditions. The highest concentration of O3 is observed at the remote site (Cape Point) while lowest O3 concentration is observed at the sub-urban site (Goodwood), where there are chemical sinks of O3 such as NOx. Atmospheric pollution over southern Africa was simulated to study the regional transport of O3. The simulations show that extreme O3 levels in Cape Town can be caused by air pollution transported from the industrial Highveld of South Africa, in the lower troposphere. Such extreme O3 pollution events over Cape Town are simulated to occur in January (14%), March (44%), April (28%) and September (14%). Lagrangian trajectories suggest four paths by which air parcels can be transported from the industrial Highveld to Cape Town: a north-easterly path which is the most frequent route, a tropical deviation route, a deviation along the south coastline and an oceanic deviation path which is the less frequent route. The major advection paths associated with poor air quality in Cape Town are the north-easterly route and the path along the south coastline of the country. Hence the study suggests that emissions in the industrial Highveld may contribute to O3 concentration in the Cape Town area.

  13. Hydrogeochemical Characteristics of Shennongjia Forest District at Songbai Town, Hubei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程胜高; 马腾; 周建兰

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, the calculus disease occurs occasionally in Songbai Town, Hubei Province, which is the capital of the Shennongjia forest district, and shows a trend of more and more frequent occurrence. In order to reveal the relationship between the geo-environment, especially drinking water, and the disease, the senior author has made an investigation on the pathogeny and epidemiology of the disease and some characteristics of drinking water, including the source, chemical composition and radioactivity of all kinds of drinking water (river water, spring water, running water). We adopted a routine method to analyze major ions and the atom spectra of the minor elements. At the same time, we made similar investigations in Muyu Town for comparison. The results showed that all the indices of surface water & ground water in the two towns have not gone beyond (CJ3020-93) and that the radioactivity (γ-ray) of the water from Songbai Town is higher than that of the water from Muyu Town, but the incidence of the disease is higher than that in Muyu Town. So, it can be concluded that there is no direct relationship between the disease and the hydro-environment.

  14. Preliminary Study of Ancient Town Protection and Rural Tourism Development of Caoshi Town in Hengdong County,Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The typical style and features of mountains and waters in Caoshi Ancient Town,have hitherto been well preserved. Caoshi Ancient Town boasts superior base of the natural eco-environment and deep-rooted background of regional culture,where mountains,waters,shoals,towns and other landscape elements are merged harmoniously,the transportation and geographical conditions have been fundamentally changed. Ancient towns,old temples,ancient forests,ancient wells and ancient piers are unique in different ways,with characteristics of tourism resources such as long history and ancient folklore. It should seize the historical opportunity of China vigorously developing rural tourism based on the construction of the new socialist countryside,to make characteristic agricultural economy gain ground; assume the leading role to drive the development of tourism economy in surrounding areas; correctly handle the relationship between development and protection to walk the path of sustainable development of tourism.

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Towns and cities, Published in 2004, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2004. It is described as...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, towns, Published in 2004, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2004. It is described as...

  17. Ce que voir veut dire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathilde Arrivé

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available La photographie américaine a eu le vent en poupe en 2007. Les expositions consacrées à Diane Arbus, Lee Friedlander, Joel Meyerowitz, William Eggleston et Weegee lui ont donné un espace toujours plus légitime dans le musée français. Après Paul Strand, c’est au tour des photographies de l’Ouest américain des Great Surveys d’investir jusqu’au 31 octobre les galeries bilingues du Musée d’art Américain de Giverny. Les couloirs de l’exposition sont tout en bleu et brun pour ces 120 œuvres en noir ...

  18. Dire sans entraves !

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérémy Perrin

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Madame Bovary est le roman des dialogues ratés : la défiance de Flaubert envers la parole s'exprime notamment dans le célèbre passage du « chaudron fêlé ». Cet article explore cinq variétés de discours inefficaces, qui renvoient tout au long de l'intrigue à cette mésestime du langage. Il montre également en quoi ces discours, par l'aliénation sociale qu'ils font entrevoir, annoncent chez Flaubert certains thèmes structuralistes et situationnistes.Madame Bovary is the novel of failed dialogs: Flaubert’s mistrust of the spoken word is manifest in particular in the famous passage about the “cracked caldron”. This article explores the five varieties of ineffective speeches that reflect throughout the plot the low esteem in which language is held. It also shows how these speeches, by hinting at the alienation from society, herald certain structuralist and situationist themes in Flaubert.

  19. Are Industrial Towns Safe for Human Dwelling?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singla, C.; Garg, S.; Aggarwal, R.; Jutla, A. S.

    2012-12-01

    Water resources in the developing countries are under severe stress with multiple stakeholders claiming rights to it. Regional industries, in absence to strict regulations, are responsible for dumping toxic wastes to rivers, ponds and other waterway which have devastating effects on water habitat as well as population that derives water for its daily needs. Key methodological challenges remain in connecting environment to levels of pollution and its relationship with diseases that affect humans. We present a case study from one of the highly industrialized town of South Asia. Ludhiana is the largest city and the largest urban settlement in Punjab, India. With the development of industry, agriculture and the growth of urban population, its water pollution has become a serious problem. Here, we will show how the distribution of heavy metals for groundwater affects its quality and role of regional hydrology on it. We will start with one of the major waterways in the Ludhiana district. Groundwater water samples including sewage water sample were collected within its vicinity of 2.0 km along the waterway (Buddha Nala). The concentration of nickel(Ni) and iron(Fe) in sewage water as well as in groundwater samples was much higher than the maximum permissible limits at a distance of 1.0 Km away from Buddha Nala. In general, all the groundwater samples collected beyond 1.0 Km away from Buddha Nala were found to be having normal concentrations of arsenic and Fe. We will also demonstrate regional health problems resulting from poor groundwater quality. Role of regional hydrology in modulating water quality will be discussed.

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Madison County, Georgia, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale as of 2006. It is described as 'Incorporated cities and towns in Madison County,...

  1. Louisiana Speaks Regional Plan Vision New Town Center Growth Areas, UTM Zone 15N NAD83, Louisiana Recovery Authority (2007), [louisiana_speaks_vision_new_town_growth_areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Louisiana Geographic Information Center — This GIS shapefile data illustrates town center new growth areas included in the Louisiana Speaks Regional Plan Vision. Town center new growth areas include local...

  2. Bebida Alcoólica e Direção Automotiva: Relatos de Policiais Militares Sobre a “Lei Seca”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea dos Santos Nascimento

    Full Text Available Resumo Dirigir sob efeito de bebida alcoólica é comportamento de risco associado a expressivo volume de acidentes de trânsito. Em vários estados brasileiros foram adotadas ações de fiscalização e punição de motoristas flagrados em tal comportamento de risco. O objetivo do presente estudo foi conhecer o contexto atual de realizações e dificuldades um programa de fiscalização implantado em 2003, no estado do Espírito Santo, por meio de entrevistas com 25 policiais militares que atuam em tal programa. O material textual composto pela transcrição das entrevistas foi processado por meio do software Alceste, que organizou as respostas dos policiais em 6 classes de conteúdos: Naturalização e valorização do beber excessivo; Menosprezo do risco da associação entre bebida e direção; Realizações e dificuldades no contexto das ações de fiscalização; Realizações e dificuldades no contexto das ações educativas; Aspectos Legais e operacionais em torno da verificação da embriaguez; Aspectos legais e operacionais relativos à punição do condutor. Considera-se que as concepções de profissionais que participam de forma direta da intervenção relativa ao problema podem contribuir para a discussão e aprimoramento das modalidades de intervenção a serem continuadas.

  3. [Effects in the adherence treatment and psychological adjustment after the disclosure of HIV/AIDS diagnosis with the "DIRE" clinical model in Colombian children under 17].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trejos, Ana María; Reyes, Lizeth; Bahamon, Marly Johana; Alarcón, Yolima; Gaviria, Gladys

    2015-08-01

    A study in five Colombian cities in 2006, confirms the findings of other international studies: the majority of HIV-positive children not know their diagnosis, caregivers are reluctant to give this information because they believe that the news will cause emotional distress to the child becoming primary purpose of this study to validate a model of revelation. We implemented a clinical model, referred to as: "DIRE" that hypothetically had normalizing effects on psychological adjustment and adherence to antiretroviral treatment of HIV seropositive children, using a quasi-experimental design. Test were administered (questionnaire to assess patterns of disclosure and non-disclosure of the diagnosis of VIH/SIDA on children in health professionals and participants caregivers, Family Apgar, EuroQol EQ- 5D, MOS Social Support Survey Questionnaire Information treatment for VIH/SIDA and child Symptom Checklist CBCL/6-18 adapted to Latinos) before and after implementation of the model to 31 children (n: 31), 30 caregivers (n: 30) and 41 health professionals. Data processing was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Science version 21 by applying parametric tests (Friedman) and nonparametric (t Student). No significant differences in adherence to treatment (p=0.392), in the psychological adjustment were found positive significant differences at follow-ups compared to baseline 2 weeks (p: 0.001), 3 months (p: 0.000) and 6 months (p: 0.000). The clinical model demonstrated effectiveness in normalizing of psychological adjustment and maintaining treatment compliance. The process also generated confidence in caregivers and health professionals in this difficult task.

  4. The spatial flaws of new towns: Morphological comparison between a Chinese new and old town through the application of space syntax, spacematrix and mixed use index

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ye, Y.E.; Van Nes, A.

    2014-01-01

    Many new towns are established in China with the intention of providing desirable places to live. Nevertheless, these new towns often lack the flourishing street life, small businesses, and variety of social activities that old towns have to offer. This paper explores the spatial reasons why old

  5. Milk postharvest handling practices across the supply chain in Eastern Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadele Amentie

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study was conducted to assess hygienic cow milk handling practices of milk producers, traders (informal collectors, transporters and vendors and consumers across the milk supply chain in the Eastern Ethiopia. Materials and methods: A total of 160 milk producers in Babile district were selected using multistage stratified sampling technique. Moreover, a total of 54 milk collectors and transporters (5, 40, 9 from Jigjiga, Harar and Dire Dawa town, respectively, 152 vendors (40 from Bable, Harar and Dire Dawa town and 32 from Jigjiga town and 160 consumers (40 from each town were selected using snowball sampling technique. Data from the selected actors were collected using focus group discussion, questionnaire survey and observations. Results: The study revealed that the majority of milk handling operations in the study area is carried out by females. The majority of respondent milk producers (87.5-92.5%, collectors and transporters (88.9-100%, vendors (77.5-90.7% and some consumers (37.5-47.5% performing milk handling operations were illiterate. Most of the observed actors in the study area perform malpractices (such as failure to stop milk handling while showing disease symptoms, improper hand washing and handling of risk factors while working with milk. Majority of respondent milk producers (87.5-97.5%, all traders and some consumers (12.5-32.5% use plastic containers for milk handling. Milk handling equipments were commonly washed using warm water, detergent and sand; however, in most case they were not properly protected from risk factors after washing. Majority of respondent milk producers (55-65%, collectors and transporters (60-66.7%, and some vendors (0-50% and consumers (0-55% use water from non-tap sources for hygienic practices. Conclusion: In general; the findings indicated that milk handling practices performed across the supply chain in the study area were unhygienic and therefore suggested the need for improving

  6. Et « puis » : quoi encore ? Pour une nouvelle justification de la persistance de PUIS en français contemporain : le cas de Si je puis dire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciry Guillaume

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Nous proposons, dans cet article, une description à partir d’une étude sur corpus, du phrasème si je puis dire, qui peut être analysé aussi bien comme une unité grammaticalisée que comme une unité pragmaticalisée et qui, concomitamment, pose la question du maintien de puis en français contemporain. Dans un premier temps, nous proposons une analyse diachronique de l’unité afin de montrer que la forme, telle que nous la connaissons aujourd’hui, ie. agrégeant si+je+puis+dire, a d’abord existé sous la forme n’agrégeant que les trois éléments si+je+puis. Une fois les unités fixées avec dire, nous relevons que son rôle dépend de sa position : intensifieur anaphorique ou cataphorique, il agit principalement au sein de l’énoncé, il est alors grammaticalisé. Intensifieur anaphorique à référence disjointe (ie scindant en deux la référence emphatisée, il est dans ce cas pragmaticalisé, son fonctionnement s’inscrivant cette fois au niveau de la situation d’énonciation, de la conversation, l’énonciateur réalisant un acte illocutoire. Dans un deuxième temps, et dans une perspective cette fois synchronique, nous montrons que la corrélation position / rôle est confirmée en français contemporain. Une analyse de la variabilité de si je puis dire, notamment avec si je peux dire et si je puis m’exprimer ainsi, si je puis ainsi m’exprimer, si je puis me permettre, offre une meilleure discrimination de la double nature (grammaticalisée et pragmaticalisée du phrasème. Dans le même temps, la description et l’analyse de la variabilité révèle que si je puis dire est dominant car plus coalescent (les unités le composant sont solidement fixées et quantitativement plus employé. Dans un troisième temps, nous déduisons de l’analyse des variantes l’existence d’un paradigme de formes commençant par si et contenant pouvoir à la première personne (SI+P1POUVOIR+VERBE. Ce dernier appartient lui

  7. Types of Planning Structures of Small Historic Towns of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ievgeniia Zapunna

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The present article exhibits the results of systematic analysis on structure and planning of fragments of urban environment. The results have been obtained by looking into the prerequisites of formation of urban environment, specifically the impact of the Magdeburg Rights on urban culture. The study covers the small towns in Ukraine, which retained their historical background to a greater extent. 70 towns in Ukraine that had the Magdeburg Law have been analyzed and their historic, architectural and planning capacity investigated. The most valuable urban fragments have been classified in accordance with a number of criteria, such as the form of the plan, planning composition, etc. Based on the conducted analysis the author presents further generalized proposals for comprehensive development of historical and architectural heritage within the socio-cultural and tourism infrastructure of the Ukrainian towns.

  8. Long Street: A Map of Post-Apartheid Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Spissu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available No map fully coincides with the territory it represents. If the map and territory do not coincide, what can the map capture of the territory? According to Bateson, the answer is its differences. Drawing from Gregory Bateson’s ideas, we can envision an ethnographic representation of the city through which we can represent the urban territory through the different ways its inhabitants perceive it. In this article, I describe the process that led me to build a map of post-apartheid Cape Town from Long Street. I took inspiration from Bateson’s book Naven and compared it with the District Six Museum map in Cape Town with the objective of representing post-apartheid Cape Town through its differences.

  9. Port Development and Town Planning in North West England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Richard

    2013-12-01

    This paper examines the links between the development of harbour facilities and planned towns, especially in the head port area of Carlisle in North West England. Largely based on documentary research and field observation it examines the development of Whitehaven and other Atlantic ports it influenced in Cumberland, Westmorland and north Lancashire. It examines these developments in their international context and shows how they were initiated by local landowners to maximise the output of their estates and to enhance their personal prestige. Beginning in the seventeenth century the paper demonstrates how this tradition of town and harbour foundation continued on into the nineteenth century when it was adopted by corporate concerns, especially railway companies. The paper concludes by highlighting how harbour developments associated with town planning helped to urbanise and stimulate the economy of a previously under-developed area. Two maps identify the locations of the places discussed.

  10. Shrinking, ageing, disconnecting? The resilience of (some) Danish small towns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Herslund, Lise Byskov; Carstensen, Trine Agervig

    2013-01-01

    . Furthermore, in Denmark, many of these towns lost their municipal functions due to an administrative reform, carried out in 2007. However, several small towns seem to be resilient to a general decline. They have stable or even positive development in certain aspects of societal development like demography......, participation and associations, or retail provision. They are not undergoing processes of shrinkage but rather of restructuring. In this paper we will analyse and discuss the factors underlying this development and conclude on relevant factors for social resilience. In particular we look at the development......-economic geography of Denmark is characterised by an ongoing polarisation between two metropolitan areas and the peripheral areas of the country. The combination of demographic resilience, basic service provision, and local networks working with issues of quality of life might enable a future for some small towns...

  11. Charles Hard Townes: Remarkable Scientist and Inspiring Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, P. F.

    2016-05-01

    Charles Townes is renowned for his work elucidating the structure of molecules through microwave spectroscopy and for his invention of the maser and the laser. He also had a lifelong interest in astronomy, and in the later portion of his remarkable and long career devoted himself to astronomical research, pioneering the study of molecules in interstellar space and the development of infrared spectroscopy, first from the ground and then from airborne facilities. His interest in high angular resolution, as well as high spectral resolution observations, led to development of the first infrared spatial interferometer employing coherent signal processing techniques. In this short review I will only touch on some of Townes' many scientific contributions, concentrating on astronomy, and will also give some personal thoughts about how he inspired students in their research, helping to make the "Townes Group" at the University of California, Berkeley, an ideal environment in which to start a career in research.

  12. Spatiotemporal Simulation of Tourist Town Growth Based on the Cellular Automata Model: The Case of Sanpo Town in Hebei Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Yang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Spatiotemporal simulation of tourist town growth is important for research on land use/cover change under the influence of urbanization. Many scholars have shown great interest in the unique pattern of driving urban development with tourism development. Based on the cellular automata (CA model, we simulated and predicted the spatiotemporal growth of Sanpo town in Hebei Province, using the tourism urbanization growth model. Results showed that (1 average annual growth rate of the entire region was 1.5 Ha2 per year from 2005 to 2010, 4 Ha2 per year from 2010 to 2015, and 2.5 Ha2 per year from 2015 to 2020; (2 urban growth rate increased yearly, with regional differences, and had a high degree of correlation with the Euclidean distance of town center, traffic route, attractions, and other factors; (3 Gougezhuang, an important village center in the west of the town, demonstrated traffic advantages and increased growth rate since 2010; (4 Magezhuang village has the largest population in the region, so economic advantages have driven the development of rural urbanization. It showed that CA had high reliability in simulating the spatiotemporal evolution of tourist town, which assists the study of spatiotemporal growth under urbanization and rational protection of tourism resources.

  13. Planning for sustainable development of tourism in Songkou ancient town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ou Hong-Jun

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to investigate strategies for urban landscape planning and ecotourism development of Songkou Town to present distinctive cultural landscape. Questionnaire is designed in terms of economy, environment and life. Based on results of questionnaire survey, interview theme and outline are developed and designed and individual in-depth interviews are performed. Besides, through comparison with interview emphasis of report forms in related literatures, we intend to propose optimal policies on urban and rural landscape and ecotourism of Songkou town in order to provide a reference for local government and future researchers.

  14. Housing Renovation in the Old Town of Lhasa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CEDOG

    2004-01-01

    The old town of Lhasa has seen the passage of some 1,300 years. In old Tibet, the gov-ernment invested much in the development of religion instead of development of the social econo-my and towards raising the people's living standards. The narrow streets were lined with rows of small, low, dark and damp houses that, from a living point of view,were utterly unspeakable. After so many centuries, by the middle of the 20th centu-ry, the town was definitely showing its age.

  15. Palynological investigations in the old town of Helsinki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuorela, I.

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available The main sites and palynological results obtained in 1989-1993 in connection with archaeological excavation in the Old Town of Helsinki, are briefly reported. The pollen analytical investigations focused on the cultural layer dating to approximately AD 1400-1700, on two former water wells, on the local river bed and on the bottom deposits of a former ditch while microfossil analysis was mainly made on the material from waste pits, wells and house areas. The results previously published confirm the interpretation made on corresponding material in other medieval towns of Finland.

  16. Smoking among pregnant women in small towns in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    Balwicki, Łukasz; Zarzeczna-Baran, M.; Wierucki, Ł.; Jędrzejczyk, T.; Strahl, M.; Wrotkowska, M.; Goniewicz, M. L.; Zdrojewski, T

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The aim of the work was to assess among pregnant women from small towns and villages in Poland: the prevalence of smoking, credibility of smoking, and influence of socioeconomic factors on smoking status. Methods The data came from 4512 interviews with women in different trimesters of pregnancy. The interviews were collected in 2007 and 2008 year in towns up to 8000 citizens in 12 voivodeships. Results Prevalence of smoking in the beginning of pregnancy was confirmed by 34.6 % of w...

  17. Canada's Victorian oil town : the transformation of Petrolia from a resource town into a Victorian community

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burr, C. [Windsor Univ., ON (Canada)

    2006-07-01

    This book explored the transformation of Petrolia, Ontario from an early oil boom-town into a well-established, thriving community. The oil industry had a major impact on the region, and provided a common focus and identity for the town's occupants. The book explored issues related to imperialism, resource development, and local history, examining the initial colonization of the region in which the town was located and the colonial land policies surrounding the oil boom. Details of the Petrolia oil discovery were provided, and the growth of community resources and social institutions were also outlined. The book also discussed issues related to land speculation, gender, history, and public memory. refs., tabs., figs.

  18. The search for Eden: Paper Towns That Never Where

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Nieman

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The pursuit of happiness as an issue in planning for towns in trans-Appalachian America was a prime requisite. It is the intent of this paper to illustrate that, while many of the towns were paper towns that were never actualised, they acted as a catalyst for immigrants seeking to escape the oppression of Europe. Visualised as a new Eden, and promising land ownership with liberty, they were an opiate so strong that even with numerous instances of fraud and deceit the settlers came. Their belief that they had indeed arrived at Eden was so strong that it transcended any and all difficulties. This belief has influenced the planning and development of towns in America up to and including modern times. As long as people believe that their living situation is what is meant for them, their pursuit of happiness is satisfied. They have found their Eden.…the mild breezes of a summer's eve, playing upon the enraptured senses, softens the heart to love and friendship. Heavens! What charms are there in liberty (Imlay, 1793.

  19. The Security and Development Nexus in Cape Town

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Steffen Bo

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I argue that the security and development nexus takes on specific forms depending on the context, and that in Cape Town’s coloured townships it is embodied in policies and practices around what has come to be known as the ‘war on gangs’. Furthermore, the war on gangs in Cape Town...

  20. Squanto's Legacy: The Origin of the Town Meeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Bruce A.

    1989-01-01

    Describes (1) the Pilgrims' rejection of their intended "Platonic" communal village; (2) their adoption of the native model of family land tenure; (3) the influence of Squanto and the neighboring native confederation; and (4) the birth of the town meeting, based on "the politics of families owning land." (SV)

  1. Information Explosion/Deprivation Implications for New Towns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rochell, Carlton C.

    The "information explosion" has produced a confused state in society; we have both information deprivation and alienation in the midst of all of our technological advances. Many towns are finding that the predicted wonders of cable television have not materialized and that the average citizen is not interested. But information and knowledge…

  2. People, Place and Partnership : Exploring Strategies to Revitalise Town Centres

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hospers, Gert Jan

    2017-01-01

    More and more town centres in Western Europe are in decline, as indicated by growing shop vacancy rates in shopping streets. To turn the tide, decision makers look for revitalisation strategies. Are there any solutions? Making use of theoretical insights, empirical findings and anecdotal evidence

  3. Awash-Sebat Kilo town, Afar Region, Ethiopia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Awash Sebat kilo is a small town located in heavy traffic routes along the ... Methods. A cross-sectional study design was used to assess the ... establishments, sanitary facilities, waste management, and the ... out any chemical treatment. Only three establishments used either septic tank or latrine as a means of final disposal ...

  4. New Town in the Øresund Region

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig; Ærø, Thorkild

    2006-01-01

    This paper gives a short introduction to the current housing market situation which is relevant for the presentation and discussion of the housing potential of a new town in the Copenhagen Metropolitan area, a main part of the cross border Øresund Region between Denmark and Sweden. Presently...

  5. Comprehensive Plan, Report #5. Fort Lincoln New Town Education System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Learning Corp., Washington, DC.

    This is the final report of the General Learning Corporation's planning effort for the Fort Lincoln New Town school system. Designed as a "Comprehensive Plan", it summarizes the educational plans developed to date, and presents some new elements of planning while it serves to "tie together" all previous planning to provide the reader with a broad…

  6. Youth, Work and Lifestyles in an Indonesian Industrial Town

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Naafs (Suzanne)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThis dissertation is an ethnographic study of lower middle class youth and their education-to-work transitions in the Indonesian industrial town of Cilegon, Banten. The study examines how relatively educated young men and women (upper secondary school and tertiary graduates) navigate the

  7. Growing up and being young in an Indonesian provincial town

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minza, W.M.

    2014-01-01

    This study explores the experiences of youth in the provincial town of Pontianak, West Kalimantan, done in Pontianak, the provincial capital of West Kalimantan during the years 2008-2009. It tries to understand the various patterns of relations between growing up and being young, how social

  8. Identification of the main processes in new towns Development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Identification of the main processes in new towns Development Company in Iran and ... of the model of ideal processes for optimal management of resources and actions. ... AFRICAN JOURNALS ONLINE (AJOL) · Journals · Advanced Search ... has been created that together with manufacturing standards and guidelines, ...

  9. Preschool development of coloured children in Cape Town ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preschool development of coloured children in Cape Town. ... Journal Home > Vol 79, No 6 (1991) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text ... by the screening process. Developmental milestones were similar to those studies reported in the literature. At 12 months the development correlated best with family stability.

  10. A FURTHER LATIN INSCRIPTION AND AN AMPHORA IN CAPE TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.B. Saddington

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In a former volume of this journal I described a Latin inscription in the Cape Town Museum (Akroterion XLVI [2001] 99f..
    On a subsequent visit to the city, I went to the Wine Museum on the Groot Constantia estate.2 I was interested to find two Roman objects there, an inscription and an amphora.

  11. Corpos estranhos caminham pelo corpo em direção ao coração? Do foreign bodies migrate through the body towards the heart?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Celso Martins Mamede

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available A fixação dos CE, principalmente os pontiagudos, favorece a migração pelo corpo, gerando a expressão popular: "os CEs caminham pelo corpo em direção ao coração". OBJETIVO: Descrever os mecanismos envolvidos na migração do CE e a forma de diagnosticá-los. METODOLOGIA: Numa população de 3.000 casos de corpos estranhos, em 40 anos, foram analisados quatro que tiveram deslocamento extraluminal. Foram tomados os dados clínicos, radiológicos, endoscópicos e ultrassonográficos coletadas no serviço de documentação médica. RESULTADOS: São apresentadas três histórias clínicas em que o CE era de espinha de peixe e uma de cartilagem de peixe. Em todos se analisou o deslocamento. Em dois a migração se iniciou no esôfago, um para a aorta e outro para a região cervical e nos dois outros, o deslocamento ocorreu a partir da faringe: um para a fáscia pré-vertebral e outro se exteriorizou na região submandibular. Discutem os mecanismos pelos quais ocorre a migração dos CEs pelo corpo e os riscos que tais deslocamentos promovem para o paciente e a forma de diagnosticá-los. CONCLUSÕES: Os CE podem caminhar pelo corpo, porém não para o coração. Em casos de histórias arrastadas de ingestão de CEs, o estudo por imagens se faz obrigatório, previamente ao exame endoscópico.Fixation of foreign bodies (FB, in the mucosa, can favor its migration, giving origin to the popular saying: "FB walk to the heart". AIM: describe the mechanisms involved in FB migration and how to diagnose them. METHODOLOGY: From a sample of 3,000 foreign bodies, during 40 years, we analyzed four which had extra-lumen migration. We analyzed clinical, radiologic, endoscopic and ultrasound data collected at the medical documentation service. RESULTS: three clinical histories are presented, describing two fish bones and one piece of fish cartilage. FB shifting was analyzed in all of them. Migration started in the esophagus in two, one going to the aorta and

  12. Tourist Profile and Destination Brand Perception: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Ikechukwu O Ezeuduji; Kirsti Lee November; Chelsea Haupt

    2016-01-01

    Tourists pay for destination brands. This study checked for the relationships between tourists’ profile and how they perceived the destination brand of Cape Town. A questionnaire survey of 220 tourists visiting Cape Town was done. This study found that repeat visit, age of tourist, length of stay, and tourist origin, have significant influences on how tourists visiting Cape Town perceived the destination. The top three destination attributes of Cape Town (cognitive images), which ...

  13. Creating an urban deer-vehicle accident management plan using information from a town's GIS project

    OpenAIRE

    Premo, Dean B.; Rogers, Elizabeth I.

    2001-01-01

    Funding Source and Budget: Town of Amherst, New York. $60,000 Project Period: October 2000-September 2001 The Town of Amherst, New York is an urban/suburban community near Buffalo that has experienced considerable development in the past 10 years (1991-2000). In the same time period, the Town has experienced a noticeable increase in deer vehicle accidents. Given the Town's landscape, interactions of deer and people seem highly likely to continue. In addition to commercial uses and residential...

  14. Identificação de Período e Direção de Ondas Monocromáticas Através do Processamento de Imagens Ópticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Rapizo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Uma nova metodologia para a obtenção do período e direção de propagação de ondas de gravidade monocromáticas é apresentada baseada no processamento digital de sequencias de imagens. A análise fundamenta-se nos padrões espaçotemporais apresentados pelo brilho no plano da imagem. Foi empregado apenas um ponto de vista da cena visualizada, ou seja, processou-se imagens de somente uma câmera. A principal motivação é apresentar uma configuração simplificada e prática que permita a implementação operacional da medição, tanto em laboratório quanto em plataformas de petróleo ou no alto de prédios. Os resultados obtidos pela técnica aqui proposta são considerados promissores e correspondem a experimentos realizados em um tanque de ondas monocromáticas. O erro máximo na determinação do período de onda obtido foi de 0.06 segundos e na direção de propagação 7.80°. O processamento de imagens demonstra ser uma ferramenta valiosa para a medição dos parâmetros de período e direção de ondas.

  15. Town Tuitioning in Maine: Parental Choice of Secondary Schools in Rural Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maddaus, John; Mirochnik, Denise A.

    1992-01-01

    Explores the issue of school choice as it pertains to town tuitioning in Maine. Includes the historical development of town tuitioning and current patterns by region and school type. Argues that town tuitioning provides substantial numbers of rural high school students and their parents with opportunities to choose high schools. (KS)

  16. Direção de fotografia e sexualidade: um estudo sobre a construção visual de combinações sexo-gênero-desejo abjetas

    OpenAIRE

    Tedesco, Marina Cavalcanti

    2016-01-01

    Os binarismos homem masculino/mulher feminina e heterossexualidade/homossexualidade embasam as prescrições da “boa” fotografia cinematográfica. É preciso começar a desenvolver novos conceitos e categorias a fim compreender como a direção de fotografia participa da construção de discursos fílmicos sobre sexualidades e combinações sexo-gênero-desejo abjetas. Com tal intuito, propomos um estudo da trilogia do diretor argentino Marco Berger, composta por Hawaii (2013), Ausente (2011) e Plan B (20...

  17. A Paradox of Town Spatial Development: The Growing Real Estate and Shrinking Town - a Case Study of Hsinchu County, Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Chi-Tung; Chuang, Mo-Hsiung; Lin, Wen-Yen

    2017-04-01

    The key factors of many discussions on shrinking towns are focusing at decreasing population and declining industries. Our study, using Hsinchu County as an example, has found that part of the county (Guanxi township) is following a typical and traditional town development pattern, while somewhere else of this county (Zhubei township) shows rapid growth in real estate but with a high vacancy rate. Even though the distance between Guanxi and Zhubei is less than 20 kilometers, the spatial development phenomenon of the two townships are both "shrinking" in the same county but very different in their developing paths. This study used GIS to overlay the maps from field survey and archive data, such as real estate prices of different years, environmental hazards and disaster records, local area power consumptions, and vulnerable population data, to clarify the causes and systems behind the shrinking phenomena of the two townships and to construct a theory of "shrinking town" in Taiwan. The contribution of this study is the findings of the tangling relations of the vulnerability from land-enclosure policy, the system design of local industrial development and urban planning, and structural factors of environmental hazards. Note: This study is part of the results from the Ministry of Science and Technology funding project (MOST 105-2621-M-120-002) KEYWORDS: shrinking town, environmental hazards, urban planning, spatial disasters, real estate development

  18. What’s left, what’s been done and what next? England’s 2000 Rural White Paper: Town council activities and a survey of town clerks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon Morris

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The research discussed in this paper was prompted by the writer’s interest in the roles of England’s small country (“market” towns. It has two aims: first, to discover the extent to which the work programmes announced in the British government’s Rural White Paper (RWP 2000 (DETR-MAFF 2000 are recognised by town clerks, and second, to find out what town councils are doing, either on their own, or with others, and to gauge the potential and desire that they have for a greater degree of autonomy. In both cases the data was gathered from an online questionnaire sent to town clerks.

  19. A Warm Reading of Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翠萍

    2014-01-01

    Stephen Leacock(1869-1944) is one of the founding parents of Canadian letters and literature. In the early 20th centu-ry, his reputation as a humorist and a political economist was not limited by the boundaries of Canada but spread around the world. As one of his works, Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town has attracted world-wide admiration. It is a series of vignettes dra-matizing the comedy of day-to-day life in Mariposa. It is bathed in the warm sunshine for all of us to laugh at as one of us re-members the little towns we might have known or come from. As a matter of fact, Leacock employs several techniques in his writing for humorous effect. This paper elaborates on the auther and the work, and makes an analysis on the character-Smith.

  20. Dynamical Autler-Townes control of a phase qubit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jian; Paraoanu, G S; Cicak, Katarina; Altomare, Fabio; Park, Jae I; Simmonds, Raymond W; Sillanpää, Mika A; Hakonen, Pertti J

    2012-01-01

    Routers, switches, and repeaters are essential components of modern information-processing systems. Similar devices will be needed in future superconducting quantum computers. In this work we investigate experimentally the time evolution of Autler-Townes splitting in a superconducting phase qubit under the application of a control tone resonantly coupled to the second transition. A three-level model that includes independently determined parameters for relaxation and dephasing gives excellent agreement with the experiment. The results demonstrate that the qubit can be used as a ON/OFF switch with 100 ns operating time-scale for the reflection/transmission of photons coming from an applied probe microwave tone. The ON state is realized when the control tone is sufficiently strong to generate an Autler-Townes doublet, suppressing the absorption of the probe tone photons and resulting in a maximum of transmission.

  1. In-town dispersion calculations with RIMPUFF and UDM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, P.; Thykier-Nielsen, Søren; Mikkelsen, Torben

    2005-01-01

    Input to ERMIN, deposition of radioactive matter inside inhabited areas from releases both within and outside such areas, shall in a decision support system be produced by dispersion codes, followed by data-assimilation. The present work focuses on thedifferences in near surface concentrations...... and in depositions obtained with a code designed for dispersion of a release from a nuclear power plant, typically situated at a distance from densely inhabited areas, and a code specifically designed forpredicting dispersion from sources inside urban areas. The codes applied are the RIMPUFF code, RIsø Mesoscale...... PUFF model from Risø National Laboratory, Denmark, and the UDM code, Urban Dispersion Model, from “dstl”, Defence Science and TechnologyLaboratory, Porton Down, United Kingdom. For an above-town release only small differences are seen between the codes, but for a in-town ground release, e.g. a dirty...

  2. Townes-Brocks syndrome with overlapping features of hemifacial microsomia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadavalli Guruprasad

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Townes-Brocks syndrome (TBS is an autosomal dominant disorder with multiple malformations and variable expression. Major findings include external ear anomalies, hearing loss, limb deformity, imperforate anus, and renal malformations. Intelligence is usually normal, although mild moderate mental retardation has been reported. It can be difficult to differentiate clinically between hemifacial microsomia (HFM and Townes-Brocks syndrome (TBS. The distinction is important because TBS is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, whereas HFM is sporadic. We report a classical case of TBS with overlapping features of hemifacial microsomia in an 11 year old boy who presented with unilateral anotia with hearing defect, renal agenesis and imperforate anus by birth.

  3. Landscape–oriented new town development in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sjøstedt, Victoria

    2013-01-01

    Serious environmental degradation has followed China’s rapid urban growth. In the wake of unprecedented urbanization, modernization and economic development, new models to expand cities in more sustainable ways are actively sought. This study addresses the question of how Western design firms can...... contribute to raising the level of environmental sustainability in the development of new towns in China. The main research question explores whether landscape-oriented urbanism—a mode of practice that allows landscape to give direction to urban development—can provide tools for Western design firms...... to approach environmental sustainability in this setting. Hence, the study aims to shed light on the prospects for landscape-oriented development of new towns in China and the subsequent practical implications for Western design firms. The study introduces site-reading, inspired by site theories and theory...

  4. New Look:for the Ancient Town of Silk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    With an textile enterprise owning the strongest weaving ability in Asian area,sharing half of the total exported MMF products in China;with an enterprise titling the"Super-fine Denier Fiber Expert"around the world;with a company starting transaction in Shengzhen Stock Exchange,and becoming the second listed textile company in this field,this year,Shengze Town unfolds its potentials and enthusiasm generously.

  5. Economic Promotion through One-Town One Product

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric S. Parilla

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available OTOP Philippines supports micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs to manufacture, offer and market distinctive products or services through the use of indigenous raw materials and local skills and talents. It is a government program that supports micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs to manufacture, offer, and market distinctive products or services through the use of indigenous raw materials and local skills and talents. Here in Ilocos Norte, One-Town-One-Product program is being spearheaded by the local chief executives of the different municipalities and towns and the Department of Trade and industry. Through several local ordinances, the different towns and cities have identified their own products under the program which will receive the support of the government and of the Department of Trade and Industry.This research aimed to find out the economic impact of One Town One Product program of the government in the Province of Ilocos Norte. The OTOP owners in Ilocos Norte are already adult, dominated by college graduate and married women. Most of them have not attended seminars and trainings and are not members of professional organizations. Majority of the OTOP businesses in Ilocos Norte have existed for 16-20 years and are engaged in manufacturing and most of them are sole proprietor. The Government agencies like the Department of Trade and Industry and Department of Science and Technology had assisted the OTOP businesses through skills training and business counseling. It was found out that employment has the biggest impact on the OTOP program in Ilocos Norte.

  6. Youth, Work and Lifestyles in an Indonesian Industrial Town

    OpenAIRE

    Naafs, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThis dissertation is an ethnographic study of lower middle class youth and their education-to-work transitions in the Indonesian industrial town of Cilegon, Banten. The study examines how relatively educated young men and women (upper secondary school and tertiary graduates) navigate the contemporary opportunities and uncertainties of Cilegon’s changing job market, in particular against the background of the upcoming privatisation of the town’s biggest steel factory and the high r...

  7. [Blood trace elements content in adolescents in an industrial town].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namazbaeva, Z I; Amanzhol, I A; Shibuchikova, Zh B; Sabirov, Zh B; Zhumabekova, S Zh

    2013-01-01

    A cohort blind study of blood trace elements content in children-adolescents aged 14-16 years old, residing in an industrial town, where large industrial enterprises of ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy have been functioning for long periods, has been performed There was established a lack of vital important element selenium in the blood, that causes the accumulation of toxic metals, cadmium and mercury.

  8. Spatial air pollution modelling for a West-African town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirak Zenebe Gebreab

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Land use regression (LUR modelling is a common approach used in European and Northern American epidemiological studies to assess urban and traffic related air pollution exposures. Studies applying LUR in Africa are lacking. A need exists to understand if this approach holds for an African setting, where urban features, pollutant exposures and data availability differ considerably from other continents. We developed a parsimonious regression model based on 48-hour nitrogen dioxide (NO2 concentrations measured at 40 sites in Kaédi, a medium sized West-African town, and variables generated in a geographic information system (GIS. Road variables and settlement land use characteristics were found to be important predictors of 48-hour NO2 concentration in the model. About 68% of concentration variability in the town was explained by the model. The model was internally validated by leave-one-out cross-validation and it was found to perform moderately well. Furthermore, its parameters were robust to sampling variation. We applied the model at 100 m pixels to create a map describing the broad spatial pattern of NO2 across Kaédi. In this research, we demonstrated the potential for LUR as a valid, cost-effective approach for air pollution modelling and mapping in an African town. If the methodology were to be adopted by environmental and public health authorities in these regions, it could provide a quick assessment of the local air pollution burden and potentially support air pollution policies and guidelines.

  9. Town Meeting on Plasma Physics at the National Science Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    We invite you to the Town Meeting on the role of the National Science Foundation (NSF) in supporting basic and applied research in Plasma Physics in the U.S. The overarching goal of NSF is to promote the progress of science and to enable training of the next generation of scientists and engineers at US colleges and universities. In this context, the role of the NSF Physics Division in leading the nearly 20 year old NSF/DOE Partnership in Basic Plasma Science and Engineering serves as an example of the long history of NSF support for basic plasma physics research. Yet, the NSF interest in maintaining a healthy university research base in plasma sciences extends across the Foundation. A total of five NSF Divisions are participating in the most recent Partnership solicitation, and a host of other multi-disciplinary and core programs provide opportunities for scientists to perform research on applications of plasma physics to Space & Solar Physics, Astrophysics, Accelerator Science, Material Science, Plasma Medicine, and many sub-disciplines within Engineering. This Town Meeting will provide a chance to discuss the full range of relevant NSF funding opportunities, and to begin a conversation on the present and future role of NSF in stewarding basic plasma science and engineering research at US colleges and universities. We would like to particularly encourage early career scientists and graduate students to participate in this Town Meeting, though everyone is invited to join what we hope to be a lively discussion.

  10. Urban Ecology in Cape Town: South African Comparisons and Reflections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarel S. Cilliers

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Little urban ecological research has been done in South Africa. The papers in the Ecology and Society special feature Urban Ecological and Social-Ecological Research in the City of Cape Town make, therefore, an important contribution to the development of urban ecology locally and globally. Different approaches have been used in the study of urban ecology of different urban areas in South Africa. Cape Town is situated in a biodiversity hotspot and is the only South African city which includes a national park. As a result the urban ecological studies were mainly driven by urban nature conservation concerns. In other cities such as Durban, open space planning and environmental management were the major issues which focused ecological studies on urban areas whereas other studies of urban areas in the Eastern Cape and North-West provinces included private and public open spaces and man-made habitats. We reflect on the Cape Town studies in a South African context and highlight conservation of biodiversity, protection of ecosystem services, management of control measures, and the conflict between humans and nature. A brief synthesis has also been given of South African urban ecological research in general.

  11. DAGESTAN(SKIYE OGNI TOWN: A STORY IN THE MAKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magomed-Ganipa Gamidovich Magomedov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Taking for the grounds a review of archive records the paper considered the town Dagestanskiye Ogni (Dagestani Lights that emerged from scratch at the contemporary stage of the country’ history, starting from a small industrial community settlement. The author has shown development of industrial enterprises, apartment houses and the whole infrastructure of the city under the guidance of government authorities. The fact that 100 years ago gas deposits were discovered at this place had contributed to the making of cities that gave impetus to construction of a glass-manufacturing plant. It was established by the Russian brethren entrepreneurs, the Malyshev, and further people from various regions of the country came to this place. The town Dagestanskiye Ogni was incorporated as a metropolitan area in 1991, at the time of the collapse of the great country, as everybody knows. The paper also specified the part taken by the public authorities in solving the issues at the town of Dagestanskiye Ogni, both weak points and errors committed by the local authorities in solving economic and social challenges of the nascent city.

  12. From Cape Town to Cambridge: Orthopaedic trauma in contrasting environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, John E; Khanduja, Vikas

    2016-05-18

    To compare the trauma experience gained by a trainee at a United Kingdom major trauma centre and a secondary level hospital in South Africa. A profile of inpatient trauma cases during a five-week period in Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge and Somerset Hospital, Cape Town was created. This was achieved by recording various parameters for each patient admitted including age, gender, injury, mechanism of injury and postal/area code. This, together with details of the departments themselves, allows a comparison of the amount and variety of orthopaedic trauma cases experienced by an individual trainee in each setting. The trauma profiles differed significantly. Patients in Cape Town were younger and more likely to be male. In the young, injury in Cape Town was more likely to occur due to assault or being struck by a vehicle, whilst patients in Cambridge were more likely to be injured whilst in a vehicle or in high energy falls. In older patients, trauma at both centres was almost exclusively due to mechanical falls. In a given age group, injuries at the two centres were similar, however the majority of patients admitted to Addenbrooke's were elderly, resulting in less variation in the overall injury profile. The trauma profile of a major trauma centre in the United Kingdom is less varied than that of a South African secondary centre, with significantly fewer cases per surgeon. This suggests a more varied training experience in the developing world with a greater caseload.

  13. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Kadapa Town: A Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumithra, S; Sunitha, V; Nagaraju, G

    2014-01-01

    Solid waste management (SWM) is a worldwide phenomenon. It is a big challenge all over the world for human beings. The problem of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is also prevailing in the environment of Kadapa town in India. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to find out the problems and prospects of municipal solid waste in Kadapa town. A detailed investigation was made regarding the methods of practices associated with sources, quantity generated, collection, transportation, storage, treatment and disposal of municipal solid waste in the study area. The data related to SWM in the study area was obtained through questionnaire, individual field visits, interaction with people and authentic record of municipal corporation. Status of the MSW in Kadapa town was studied. The results indicated that the major constituents of municipal solid waste were organic in nature and approximately one fourth of municipal solid waste was recyclable. Detailed data on solid waste management practices, including collection, recovery and disposal method, has been presented in this paper.

  14. Small Town Energy Program (STEP) Final Report revised

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, Charles (Chuck) T.

    2014-01-02

    University Park, Maryland (“UP”) is a small town of 2,540 residents, 919 homes, 2 churches, 1 school, 1 town hall, and 1 breakthrough community energy efficiency initiative: the Small Town Energy Program (“STEP”). STEP was developed with a mission to “create a model community energy transformation program that serves as a roadmap for other small towns across the U.S.” STEP first launched in January 2011 in UP and expanded in July 2012 to the neighboring communities of Hyattsville, Riverdale Park, and College Heights Estates, MD. STEP, which concluded in July 2013, was generously supported by a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The STEP model was designed for replication in other resource-constrained small towns similar to University Park - a sector largely neglected to date in federal and state energy efficiency programs. STEP provided a full suite of activities for replication, including: energy audits and retrofits for residential buildings, financial incentives, a community-based social marketing backbone and local community delivery partners. STEP also included the highly innovative use of an “Energy Coach” who worked one-on-one with clients throughout the program. Please see www.smalltownenergy.org for more information. In less than three years, STEP achieved the following results in University Park: • 30% of community households participated voluntarily in STEP; • 25% of homes received a Home Performance with ENERGY STAR assessment; • 16% of households made energy efficiency improvements to their home; • 64% of households proceeded with an upgrade after their assessment; • 9 Full Time Equivalent jobs were created or retained, and 39 contractors worked on STEP over the course of the project. Estimated Energy Savings - Program Totals kWh Electricity 204,407 Therms Natural Gas 24,800 Gallons of Oil 2,581 Total Estimated MMBTU Saved (Source Energy) 5,474 Total Estimated Annual Energy Cost Savings $61,343 STEP clients who

  15. Development of single-industry towns on the basis of cluster approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.I. Dubnitskiy

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The possibility of development of one-industry towns of old industrial regions of Ukraine based on cluster approach is investigated in this paper. The system of organizational and economic support of the infrastructure enterprises management is proposed. The main characteristics of clusters, which are factors in the decision on the rehabilitation of depressed areas and towns are highlighted. The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to find out the possibility of clustering at the level of single-industry towns of old industrial regions of Ukraine and to analyze possible influence of these clusters on the development of such towns. The results of the analysis. It should be noted that single-industry town has several different characteristics from poly-industry towns, namely: 1 presence of great dependence of town budget revenues deductions from of township-forming enterprises; 2 there is a great threat to the termination of activity of the township-forming enterprises of one branch, that will directly affect the general state of economy of the town. The single-industry town as the socio-economic system certain has two subsystems of different level of complication: town-forming and town-serving subsystem. If the town-serving enterprises are those that are important for the town and are the basis of the urban economy, than the town-forming enterprises affect the location of this town in the town system. In this case, the town economy as a set of economic relations which arise on the production, distribution, exchange and consumption of material goods and services, contains also the relationships that arise between the two subsystems. In the conditions of expansion of rights concerning self-government of local communications exactly the last relations become the decisive factor of stable development of the town. The classification of the institutional framework of the social and economic infrastructure of the single-industry towns is

  16. Identificação de variáveis cataclísmicas eruptivas na direção do bojo galáctico e Nuvens de Magalhães usando dados do OGLE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cieslinski, D.; Diaz, M. P.; Mennickent, R.; Pietrzyski, G.

    2003-08-01

    Na década de 90 iniciaram-se vários programas para a pesquisa de matéria escura na Galáxia usando o efeito de microlentes gravitacionais. Entre os projetos mais bem conhecidos podemos mencionar o OGLE (Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment) e o MACHO (MAssive Compact Halo Objects). A estratégia usada por eles consiste em fazer fotometria de banda larga (normalmente B, R e I) de um grande número de estrelas (dezenas de milhões) tão freqüentemente quanto possí vel e por longos perí odos de tempo (anos). Uma tal sistemática de observação, além de descobrir inúmeras lentes gravitacionais, é também muito apropriada para a descoberta de estrelas variáveis. De fato, inúmeras novas variáveis de vários tipos foram descobertas como subproduto. Exemplos podem ser encontrados nos endereços http://bulge.princeton.edu/~ogle/ e http://wwwmacho.mcmaster.ca/. As variáveis cataclí smicas eruptivas (novas clássicas, novas recorrentes e novas anãs) são objetos que apresentam variabilidade de grande amplitude com escalas de tempo de dias a centenas de dias e, por esta razão, devem ter sido detectadas em grande número nestes "surveys". Para testar esta possibilidade nós procuramos nos dados do OGLE por tais sistemas e o presente trabalho mostra os resultados desta pesquisa. Os objetos foram selecionados entre as variáveis detectadas usando a amplitude de variação de brilho como critério principal. Este critério forneceu 13756 objetos, sendo 2169 na direção da Grande Nuvem de Magalhães, 1162 na direção da Pequena Nuvem de Magalhães e o restante na direção do Bojo Galáctico. A análise foi feita inspecionando-se visualmente cada curva de luz por erupções com as características acima mencionadas. Os resultados obtidos podem ser sumarizados como: descoberta de duas novas clássicas e 33 novas anãs. Além disso, pode-se mencionar a identificação de candidatas a outros tipos de variáveis como: estrelas simbióticas, RV Tauri, R Coronae

  17. Challenges and prospects of Danish service towns in the new urban geography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2012-01-01

    service centres. This development was accompanied by new communication and transport technologies including railways, which gave the towns the Danish name “stationsby” (“station town”). Many experienced rapid growth in population and economic activities, which first levelled off with the crisis......Many small towns in Denmark lost population and functions in recent decades. The service towns established between 1850 and 1940 take a considerable share of those. In that time almost 500 new towns emerged all over the country to serve the new export-oriented agricultural production as regional...... of the 1930s and later with the introduction of the car as dominant mode of transport. After a municipal reform in 1970, some of the railway towns became administrative centres in the new larger municipalities followed by a pronounced growth. However, most of the service towns are still very small: 40 % have...

  18. Influência da direção de propagação dos sismos na resposta estrutural de edifícios de betão armado

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Samuel dos Santos

    2014-01-01

    A presente tese de dissertação destina-se a avaliar o comportamento estrutural de um edifício real quando sujeito a ações sísmicas em duas direções. Para tal, foram realizadas análises dinâmicas incrementais (IDA), aplicando 20 sismos reais por nível de intensidade, no programa de cálculo SeismoStruct. O principal objetivo deste estudo visa a comparação de curvas de fragilidade, por forma a avaliar a importância da análise bidirecional. Primariamente foi realizada uma avaliação da capacida...

  19. A construção do caso clínico na internação psiquiátrica: uma direção para o plano terapêutico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ademir Pacelli Ferreira

    Full Text Available A construção do caso é aqui abordada em sua pluralidade prática na internação psiquiátrica. Inicia-se com a revisão sucinta da conceituação e da metodologia do caso clínico, seguindo-se com a construção e análise do caso, em que se afirma a sua importância na direção e encaminhamento do plano terapêutico. Finalmente, chama-se a atenção para a exigência de elaboração do momento da saída da internação para o sucesso da continuidade do tratamento externo.

  20. Generating sustainable towns from Chinese villages: a system modeling approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Richard S; Hughes, Michael T; Ryan Mather, Casey; Yanarella, Ernest J

    2008-04-01

    The great majority of China's developing towns will be extensions of already existing villages. With the prospect of hundreds of millions of Chinese farmers projected to leave their villages to become industrial workers in new and expanded towns within the next few years, new challenges will be faced. As expansion and modernization progress, this development moves from the traditional village model that operates not far from resource sustainability to increasingly unsustainable patterns of commerce, urban development, and modern life. With such an unprecedented mass migration and transformation, how can Chinese culture survive? What is to become of the existing million plus agricultural villages? How can these massively unsustainable new industrial towns survive? In the European Commission sponsored research program SUCCESS, researchers worked from the scale of the Chinese village to find viable answers to these questions. To address these issues, the Center for Sustainable Cities, one of the SUCCESS teams, studied the metabolism of several small villages. In these studies, system dynamics models of a village's metabolism were created and then modified so that inherently unsustainable means were eliminated from the model (fossil fuels, harmful agricultural chemicals, etc.) and replaced by sustainability-oriented means. Small Chinese farming villages are unlikely to survive in anything like their present form or scale, not least because they are too small to provide the range of life opportunities to which the young generation of educated Chinese aspires. As a response to this realization as well as to the many other threats to the Chinese village and its rural way of life, it was proposed that one viable path into the future would be to enlarge the villages to become full service towns with sufficient diversity of opportunity to be able to attract and keep many of the best and brightest young people who are now migrating to the larger cities. Starting with the

  1. Cape Town, South Africa, Anaglyph, Landsat Image over SRTM Elevation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Cape Town and the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, appear on the left (west) of this anaglyph view generated from a Landsat satellite image and elevation data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). The city center is located between Table Bay (upper left) and Table Mountain (just to the south), a 1,086-meter (3,563-foot) tall sandstone and granite natural landmark. Cape Town enjoys a Mediterranean climate but must deal with the limited water supply characteristic of that climate. Until the 1890s the city relied upon streams and springs along the base of Table Mountain, then built a small reservoir atop Table Mountain to capture and store rainfall there (visible in this anaglyph when viewed at full resolution). Now the needs of a much larger population are met in part by much larger reservoirs such as seen well inland (upper right) at the Theewaterskloof Dam. False Bay is the large bay to the southeast (lower right) of Cape Town, just around the Cape of Good Hope. It is one of the largest bays along the entire South African coast, but nearby Cape Town has its harbor at Table Bay. False Bay got its name because mariners approaching Cape Town from the east would see the prominent bay and falsely assume it to be the entrance to Cape Town harbor. Similarly, people often mistake the Cape of Good Hope as the southernmost point of Africa. But the southernmost point is actually Cape Agulhas, located just to the southeast (lower right) of this scene. This anaglyph was created by draping a Landsat visible light image over an SRTM elevation model, and then generating two differing perspectives, one for each eye. When viewed through special glasses, the anaglyph is a vertically exaggerated view of the Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Anaglyph glasses cover the left eye with a red filter and cover the right eye with a blue filter. Elevation data used in this image was acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) aboard the Space Shuttle

  2. PLANNING STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF SMALL TOWNS IN IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Kashiripoor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Planning structure of cities plays an important role in shaping their sustainable development while elaborating urban planning documentation (master plans and detailed plan projects. The existing studies of small towns in Iran reveal issues of architectural heritage and do not touch upon such peculiar features of small town planning as shape of their plan, network of streets, their configuration. It has not been established how a planning structure of a small city influences on its sustainable development.An inspection of 16 small towns of Iran has shown that the majority of the cities have a compact planning form which is due to flat relief, as well as the need for efficient use of valuable agricultural land. At the same time the paper demonstrates that territory development for building construction within city boundaries has unequal character. It has been determined that cities have very few green areas. Undeveloped wastelands owned by private individuals are often located close to densely developed areas. Such situation is due to specific features of the Iranian legislation that does not specify time terms for territory development. Parameters of urban road-street networks (width in red lines, presence of such transverse profile elements as landscaping along roadways do not correspond to the existing recommendations in Iran. Mixed or free system of streets is considered as the most common one and it is due to changes in urban conditions during the long process of development. Frequent network of narrow streets forms a system of small blocks of various shapes and needs to be improved. The majority of the inspected cities do not have bypass roads for freight transport, and there is also a transit transport through their historic centers.

  3. Air quality standards and town planning; Luchtkwaliteitsbeleid in ruimtelijk perspectief

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Dam, C.E.; Kruyt, H.A.; Dorel, F.G. [Bureau Luchtkwaliteit en Veiligheid, Directie Water en Milieu, Provincie Zuid-Holland, The Hague (Netherlands)

    1998-08-01

    Current levels of air pollutants still cause effects on human health. Therefore it is necessary to pay attention to air quality during town planning processes. A study of the Dutch Province of South Holland showed exceedances of air quality standards near motorways in 1995 as well as in 2010. Some objects should be excluded from these zones. These are objects where people either stay during a long time of the day, or are sensitive for air pollutants or places for physical exercising. Examples of these are houses, schools and hospitals. A scheme is presented for local authorities to take Dutch Air Quality Standards into account during physical planning. 7 refs.

  4. Seminar on Employment and Development of Town Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    IN October 1994, the All-China Women’s Federation held a seminar on the employment and development of town women in Shanghai, China’s largest city. The seminar was also a preparatory meeting for the ’95 NGO Forum on women’s employment. More than 70 people, including the presidents of the provincial women’s federations, the municipal women’s federations and some leaders of the state departments concerned attended this meeting. Chen Muhua, Vice-Chairwoman of the Standing Committee of the NPC, the

  5. Towns-Energies-Services-2030; Villes-Energies-Service-2030

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waroux, D. [Gaz de France (GDF), 93 - La-Plaine-Saint-Denis (France)Direction de la Recherche; Arnaud, P. [Ministere de l`Amenagement du Territoire et de l`Environnement, 75 - Paris (France). Direction de Programme au P.C.A.; Burgel, G. [Paris-10 Univ., 92 - Nanterre (France). Direction du Laboratoire de Geographie Urbaine; Moser, G. [Universite Rene Descartes, 75 - Paris (France). Direction du Laboratoire de Psychologie de l`Environnement

    1998-11-28

    This report is the compilation of the 4 dissertations presented during the first part of the conference and dealing with: a particular aspect of todays and tomorrows urban energies: the perceptions and opinions of the younger generation (results of a public inquiry realized for Gaz de France company); the urban natural gas fueled mass transportation systems in 2010-2030 (socio-economical aspects); the helps provided by the new technologies to elderly people in tomorrows towns at the 2030 vista; and the integration of new technologies with safety purposes in collective residential buildings: the point of view of urban emergency services. (J.S.)

  6. Negotiating the Economy of the Eighteenth-Century Scottish Town:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonton, Deborah Leigh

    2013-01-01

    trade and consumption. The world of business was increasingly cast in a masculine mould, while tract literature progressively more often described women’s ‘proper place’ as the world of home and children. At the same time, these changes altered the gendered characteristics of many town economies...... in the impact of these changes, and had little effect on how many women related to the Scottish urban economies—they needed to work and continued to do so, often in time-honoured ways. Many were entrepreneurial in small ways, while others were able to utilise a larger array of resources to develop and sustain...

  7. Recovery of compacted soils in Mojave Desert ghost towns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, R.H.; Steiger, J.W.; Wilshire, H.G.

    1986-01-01

    Residual compaction of soils was measured at seven sites in five Mojave Desert ghost towns. Soils in these Death Valley National Monument townsites were compacted by vehicles, animals, and human trampling, and the townsites had been completely abandoned and the buildings removed for 64 to 75 yr. Recovery times extrapolated using a linear recovery model ranged from 80 to 140 yr and averaged 100 yr. The recovery times were related to elevation, suggesting freeze-thaw loosening as an important factor in ameliorating soil compaction in the Mojave Desert. -from Authors

  8. Recent development of Slovene towns - social structure and transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Rebernik

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In Slovene towns and urban areas several processes of social transformation and change have been present in the last decade. As a consequence of political and economic transition increased social differentiation resulted in increased social segregation in urban areas. Some areas such as high-rise housing estates and part of older inner city areas were affected by social degradation and concentration of low-income population and ethnical minorities. In some parts of inner cities processes of reurbanisation and gentrification are taking place. However, the degree of social segragation is lower than in the cities of most transitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  9. Recent development of Slovene towns - social structure and transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Rebernik

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In Slovene towns and urban areas severalprocesses of social transformation and change have been present in the lastdecade. As a consequence of political and economic transition increasedsocialdifferentiation resulted in increased social segregation in urbanareas.Some areas such as high-rise housing estates and part of older innercity areas were affected by social degradation and concentration oflow-incomepopulation and ethnical minorities. In some parts of inner citiesprocesses of reurbanisation and gentrification are taking place. However,the degree of social segragation is lower than in the cities of mosttransitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated town boundaries for all towns in the counties we serve., Published in 2000, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Prairie Land Electric COOP, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2000. It...

  11. The Function of a Trade of a Post-Reform Siberian Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valery A. Skubnevsky

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The second half of the 19th Century saw the development of capitalism in Russia and formation of all-national market. The role of towns as centers of economy was growing, including trade-related ones. In Siberia before construction of Siberian railway in the 90s of the 19th cent. these processes were slow. The article shows peculiarities of Siberian trade, in particular, the role of town fairs and the ratio of fair and stationary trade in towns; it points out the main centers of trade and hierarchy of Siberian towns with regard to trade turnover. The author uses mainly pre-revolutionary statistical and reference works.

  12. Review on the Evaluation System of Public Safety Carrying Capacity about Small Town Community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming; SUN; Tianyu; ZHU

    2014-01-01

    Recently,small town community public safety problem has been increasingly highlighted,but its research is short on public safety carrying capacity. Through the investigation and study of community public safety carrying capacity,this paper analyzes the problem of community public safety in our country,to construct index evaluation system of public safety carrying capacity in small town community. DEA method is used to evaluate public safety carrying capacity in small town community,to provide scientific basis for the design of support and standardization theory about small town community in public safety planning.

  13. Detection and Solution of Indoor Air Quality Problems in a Danish Town Hall

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hyldgård, Carl-Erik; Brohus, Henrik

    In connection with the research programme "Healthy Buildings", a building with indoor air quality problems was selected for further investigations. A Danish town hall was chosen because of many complaints over several years. A full-scale mock-up of a typical town hall office was built in the clim......In connection with the research programme "Healthy Buildings", a building with indoor air quality problems was selected for further investigations. A Danish town hall was chosen because of many complaints over several years. A full-scale mock-up of a typical town hall office was built...

  14. Poverty Occurrence Characteristics of Ancient Towns and Villages in Shanxi Province and Poverty Reduction Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on the questionnaire of 10 sample ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province,we analyze the poverty occurrence characteristics of ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province: the poverty incidence in ancient towns and villages is high,with the slow pace of poverty re- duction; the regional characteristics of poverty is prominent; there are conspicuous differences in income between residents living in old houses and residents not living in old houses; poverty reduction shows vulnerability and instability. Then we put forward countermeasures for poverty reduction of ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province as follows: first,improving the targeting mechanism of poverty in ancient towns and villages; second,speeding up the development of agricultural industrialization in ancient towns and villages; third,advancing internal " urbanization" of ancient towns and villages and new countryside construction; fourth,strengthening infrastructure building in ancient towns and villages; fifth,providing fair and efficient allocation of resources,and reducing regional differences; sixth,promoting the ability of residents in ancient towns and villages to cope with poverty reduction vulnerability.

  15. A STUDY ON LAND SYSTEM INNOVATIONS IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF SMALL TOWNS IN CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The economic development in China and the rising of the living standard need to speed up the urbanisa-tion. The development of small towns is an important way to Chinese urbanisation. Land use plays a very important rolein the development of small towns. However there are many problems in the development of small towns, esp. in landuse. The paper first discusses the land problems in the development of small towns. Such as much cultivated land liesidle, under-utilization and waste of land, increasing illegal use of land, unstable contractual relationship for land use.The relationship between the development of small towns and land use is also studied. Then the guidelines for the landsystem innovations of small towns are put forward. Namely the sustainability of social and economic development, the bal-ance between land reservation and land utilization, the provision of service to village, agriculture and farmer, the manage-ment of land resource and land assets, the parsimonious and legal use of land. The basic framework of land system innova-tions of small towns is put forward finally. It include the land replacement policy for small towns and the permanent tenan-cy of farmland, the overall plan for land uses and other plans in harmony, the establishment of a flexible system of landsupplies, using land with payments, the transfer of agricultural land and refining the land law related to the constructionof small towns.

  16. Developing Rural Central Towns:A Logical Necessity of Urbanization in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    There are a great number of small towns that distribute widely in China.How to develop a group of medium-and small-sized cities through central town development has turned into a strategic issue in the urbanization process of China.The paper analyzes the development goal of medium-and small-sized cities and the advantages and limitation for current central town development.It is stressed that developing central towns is a necessary process for China’s urbanization.

  17. Community participation in tsunami early warning system in Pangandaran town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadian, Sapari D.; Khadijah, Ute Lies Siti; Saepudin, Encang; Budiono, Agung; Yuliawati, Ayu Krishna

    2017-07-01

    Disaster-resilient communities are communities capable of anticipating and minimizing destructive forces through adaptation. Disaster is an event very close to the people of Indonesia, especially in the small tourism town of Pangadaran located at West Java, Indonesia. On July 17, 2006, the town was hit by a Mw 7.8 earthquake and tsunami that effected over 300 km of the coastline, where the community suffered losses in which more than 600 people were killed, with run up heights exceeding 20 m. The devastation of the tsunami have made the community more alert and together with the local government and other stakeholder develop an Early Warning System for Tsunami. The study is intended to discover issues on tsunami Early Warning System (EWS), disaster risk reduction measures taken and community participation. The research method used is descriptive and explanatory research. The study describe the Tsunami EWS and community based Disaster Risk Reduction in Pangandaran, the implementation of Tsunami alert/EWS in disaster preparedness and observation of community participation in EWS. Data were gathered by secondary data collection, also primary data through interviews, focus group discussions and field observations. Research resulted in a description of EWS implementation, community participation and recommendation to reduce disaster risk in Pangandaran.

  18. Mourning Mandela: sacred drama and digital visuality in Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Uimonen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The world united in unprecedented ways in mourning the global icon Nelson Mandela, an emotionally charged historical event in which digital visuality played an influential role. The memorial service for Nelson Mandela on Tuesday, 10 December 2013, gathered dignitaries and celebrities from around the world at the First National Bank Stadium in Johannesburg, to mourn the passing of Madiba and to celebrate his life work. At the Grand Parade in Cape Town, the event was broadcast on large public screens, followed by live music performances and narrowcast interaction with the audience. Building on recent research on public screens during global media events, this article addresses the mediated mourning rituals at the Grand Parade in terms of a sacred drama. Focusing on social relationality, the article discusses how digital visuality mediated a sense of global communitas, thus momentarily overcoming historical frictions between the global north and the global south, while expanding the fame of Madiba. Paying attention to the public display of visual memory objects and the emotional agency of images, it argues that digital visuality mediated social frictions between the living and the dead, while recasting a historical subject as a historical object. The article further discusses how digital visuality mediated cultural frictions of apartheid and xenophobia, through the positioning of Mandela in the pantheon of Pan-African icons, thus underlining the African origin of this global icon. The analysis is based on ethnographic observations and experiences in Cape Town.

  19. Persistence of Traditional Retailing in an Island Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Selvadurai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The convergence of modern retail formats in the developing world is resisted by the persistence of traditional retail formats. The issue of lower-circuit and middle-circuit in traditional retail trade in the modernizing urban arena has raise debates about its co-existence in different cultural and geographical settings. The aim of this study is to examine the persisting organizational features of sundry and general store retail trade in Labuan town, East Malaysia. Approach: A descriptive design using qualitative approach is utilized. Data is collected from a series of recursive informal interview from a total of 14 sundry and general retailers. Data is analyzed from themes derived from narrative account. Results: The findings reveal that the persistence of traditional retailing can be characterized by family business and the stability of sole proprietorship, coupled with the prevalence of independent outlets. The reasons attributed to the persistence of traditional retailing are a combination of organizational capacity factors of the retail traders and the situational context of the island economy. Conclusion: Island towns have a unique capacity to preserve certain retail trades that are under threat in conventional geographical context. This implies that the island with porous borders, not only have a confluence of external influence, but can sustain economic cultures. Future research can explore the persistence of cultural goods in these sundry and general stores to see the extent to which diverse socio-economic market structures are served.

  20. In-town dispersion calculations with RIMPUFF and UDM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Astrup, P.; Thykier-Nielsen, S.; Mikkelsen, Torben

    2005-11-01

    Input to ERMIN, deposition of radioactive matter inside inhabited areas from releases both within and outside such areas, shall in a decision support system be produced by dispersion codes, followed by data-assimilation. The present work focuses on the differences in near surface concentrations and in depositions obtained with a code designed for dispersion of a release from a nuclear power plant, typically situated at a distance from densely inhabited areas, and a code specifically designed for predicting dispersion from sources inside urban areas. The codes applied are the RIMPUFF code, RIsoe Mesoscale PUFF model from Risoe National Laboratory, Denmark, and the UDM code, Urban Dispersion Model, from 'dstl', Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton Down, United Kingdom. For an above-town release only small differences are seen between the codes, but for a in-town ground release, e.g. a dirty bomb, the UDM code predicts much larger concentrations in an area close to the release point and, if wind shifts occur, gives a rather different plume all over. (au)

  1. Research on the System of Town Buildingin China’s Ethnic Minority Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Changde

    2015-01-01

    Town building is one of the most important methods for China to promote new-pat-terns of urbanization in ethnic minority areas. This article analyzes the characteristics of the scale, distribution,population and economic development of towns in ethnic areas. The study finds that at present,the population scale of the towns in ethnic areas is relatively small;town construction in eth-nic areas takes place with a low population densi-ty;and the contacts between towns are weak;In the recent decade,the industrial and occupational structure of the population in ethnic regions shows a reversed adjustment trend. Although there are some improvement in infrastructure construction in these towns,the overall infrastructure in the rural area of the towns is backward—cable TV,waste treatment,per capita electricity and highway den-sity lag largely behind other parts of the country, and, if compared with the eastern and central parts,the gap is even greater. Most employees of towns in the ethnic areas still take the primary in-dustry sector as their priority( agriculture,forest-ry,etc);the proportion of non-farm employment is less than 40%. Employment in secondary indus-try is low. The driving function of industrial ag-glomeration in the towns is weak,and it is difficult to drive the economic development of the towns. Although agriculture is still the base and main body of the town economy in the ethnic areas,invest-ment in agriculture is insufficient. The increasing returns and positive externalities from economic ac-tivity on spatial agglomeration is an important moti-vation for the economic development of less devel-oped bodies.

  2. The transport of atmospheric NOx and HNO3 over Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abiodun, B. J.; Ojumu, A. M.; Jenner, S.; Ojumu, T. V.

    2014-01-01

    Cape Town, the most popular tourist city in Africa, usually experiences air pollution with unpleasant odour in winter. Previous studies have associated the pollution with local emission of pollutants within the city. The present study examines the transport of atmospheric pollutants (NOx and HNO3) over South Africa and shows how the transport of pollutants from the Mpumalanga Highveld, a major South African industrial area, may contribute to the pollution in Cape Town. The study analysed observation data (2001-2008) from the Cape Town air-quality network and simulation data (2001-2004) from a regional climate model (RegCM) over southern Africa. The simulation accounts for the influence of complex topography, atmospheric conditions, and atmospheric chemistry on emission and transport of pollutants over southern Africa. Flux budget analysis was used to examine whether Cape Town is a source or sink for NOx and HNO3 during the extreme pollution events. The results show that extreme pollution events in Cape Town are associated with the lower level (surface - 850 hPa) transport of NOx from the Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town, and with a tongue of high concentration of HNO3 that extends from the Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town along the south coast of South Africa. The prevailing atmospheric conditions during the extreme pollution events feature an upper-level (700 hPa) anticyclone over South Africa and a lower-level col over Cape Town. The anticyclone induces a strong subsidence motion, which prevents vertical mixing of the pollutants and caps high concentration of pollutants close to the surface as they are transported from the Mpumalanga Highveld toward Cape Town. The col accumulates the pollutants over the city. This study shows that Cape Town can be a sink for the NOx and HNO3 during extreme pollution events and suggests that the accumulation of pollutants transported from other areas (e.g. the Mpumalanga Highveld) may contribute to the air pollution in Cape Town.

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Current boundaries of cities and towns within Iredell County, NC, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Iredell County GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Jasper County, Georgia, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006....

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, towns, Published in 2009, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Aspen & Pitkin County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, town lines 1, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Walton County, Georgia, Published in 2007, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Oconee County, Georgia, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It...

  9. The Proposal of rules of designing web sites for cities and towns of ČR and assessing chosen towns according to them

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to put together rules for town website designing. The thesis also contains analysis and comparison of websites according to criterions deducted from the rules of designing.

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, town points 1, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  11. The National Federation of Town Planning and Housing, 1939–1954: A Network for Town Planners and Architects in Franco’s Spain

    OpenAIRE

    García González, María Cristina; Guerrero López, Salvador

    2014-01-01

    The autarchy system established by the new dictatorship following the Spanish Civil War proposed the reconstruction of the country as a new Renaissance based on idiosyncratic Spanish values. One of the most unique experiences was the creation of the private society The National Federation of Town Planning and Housing (1939–1954). The aim was to create a social environment appropriate for dignity development in the habitability conditions. The project was very ambitious about town planning dis...

  12. Muslims ritualising death in the Netherlands: Death rites in a small town context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venhorst, C.J.H.

    2013-01-01

    Muslims ritualising death in the Netherlands. Death rites in a small town context. Claudia Venhorst This study on the common practice of Islamic death rites in the Netherlands affords valuable insights in the lived religion of Muslims. Particularly in a small town context, marked by migration and d

  13. 78 FR 37553 - Maternal Health Town Hall Listening Session; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    ... national strategy to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, and improve the quality and safety of... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Maternal Health Town Hall Listening Session; Notice of Meeting Name: Maternal Health Town Hall Listening Session. Date and Time: August 27, 2013,...

  14. The species of the Neotropical genus Fractipons Townes, 1970 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bordera, Santiago; González-Moreno, Alejandra

    2011-01-01

    Abstract In this paper, two new species of the Neotropical genus Fractipons Townes, 1970 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) are described. A new diagnosis for the genus, a re-description of Fractipons cincticornis Townes, 1970 and a key to known species are provided. New distribution records for the genus now include Argentina, Costa Rica, Panama and Peru. PMID:21594146

  15. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: New Town Builders, Denver, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-09-01

    All homes in the Stapleton community must be ENERGY STAR certified; New Town Builders has announced that it will build 250–300 new homes over the next 7–10 years, all of which will be Challenge Homes. New Town received a 2013 Housing Innovation Award in the production builder category.

  16. Perceived Indices of Truancy among Selected Adolescents in Oyo Town: Implications for Behavioural Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adika, Lawrence Olagoke

    2016-01-01

    The study investigated perceived indices of truancy behaviour among selected adolescents in Oyo town. The descriptive survey study had 200 randomly selected adolescents from five secondary schools in Oyo town. A self-designed instrument tagged Adolescent Truancy Scale (ATS) was employed in collecting data for the study and the data was subjected…

  17. Impact of Birth Order on Procrastination among College Students in Eldoret Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabriel, Chege Kimani

    2015-01-01

    The study sought to investigate the impact of birth order on procrastination among college students in Eldoret town. The study sought to achieve the following objectives: (1) to find out the prevalence of procrastination among college students in Eldoret town, (2) to find out the relationship between birth order on procrastination among college…

  18. Characteristics of Students Receiving Counselling Services at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flisher, Alan J.; De Beer, Jeremy P.; Bokhorst, Frank

    2002-01-01

    The aim of the study was to document the correlates of receiving counseling services at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. Results reveal that non-English speakers, humanities students, undergraduates, first-year students, students who were eligible to receive financial assistance, and students from outside Cape Town were significantly…

  19. Informal waste harvesting in Victoria Falls town, Zimbabwe: Socio-economic benefits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Masocha, M.

    2006-01-01

    Waste harvesting, which occurs mostly but not exclusively at open waste dumps in Zimbabwe, constitutes one of the most important survival options for the urban poor. This paper analyses and discusses socio-economic benefits of informal waste harvesters in Victoria Falls town. Victoria Falls town has

  20. Sustainability and cities: a proposal for implementation of a sustainable town.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimarães, L B de M

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a literature review on the concept of sustainability applied to cities and a proposal for transforming a town in the south of Brazil into a sustainable town. Improvements in energy, sanitation, waste and water conditions, as well as food, clothing, education and jobs generation were considered to enhance the citizen's quality of life and environmental protection.

  1. Treatment of Household Waste in Small Towns of China: Status, Basic Conditions and Appropriate Modes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HE Pin-jing

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Small town is the gateway of population migrating from rural areas to urban areas in the process of urbanization. The level of its household solid waste treatment is pivotal to the environmental and sanitary quality of surrounding rural areas. Furthermore, small town is the primary administrative center for rural districts, and will impose important influences on the solid waste management in villages. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the effects of treatment modes on the household solid waste treatment in towns and surrounding villages. Based on the waste generation in small towns, this study analyzed the current status and existing problems for solid waste treatment, and discussed the related administrative management and financial supporting conditions in small towns. By summarizing the characteristics of the existing modes and comparing the costs for different treatment modes, the present study proposed that the most appropriate mode was“diversion in villages-diversion, transportation or treatment in towns-treatment and disposal in counties”, in which the town was the core node for the treatment of rural solid waste, so that the administrative and financial advantages of small towns could be highlighted and consequentially promoted the management of rural solid waste.

  2. 76 FR 9340 - Mill Town Power Project; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Mill Town Power Project; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted..., 2011, Mill Town Power Project filed an application for a preliminary permit, pursuant to section...

  3. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  4. Energy use for transport in 22 Nordic towns; Energibruk til transport i 22 nordiske byer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naess, Petter; Larsen, Synnoeve Lyssand; Roee, Per Gunnar

    1994-07-01

    This report presents the methods used and the results obtained from an investigation of relationships between energy use for transport and the physical urban structure of 22 towns in Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. It is found that urban planning is very important for the inhabitants' average energy use for transport. High population density in the inner and central areas of a town tends to reduce the energy use. The composition of trades and the commuting frequency between the town and its surroundings affect the energy use to the same degree as does the urban planning. The energy data are based on the oil companies' information on the sales of gasoline and auto diesel oil from the filling stations in each town and on the public transport companies' information on the energy use of their vehicles. The energy data are combined with physical and socio economical characteristics of each town.

  5. Old regime towns and villages: consent and conflict in local castile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Truchuelo García

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Castilian towns and villages had a long development process in medieval times. Then, they were formed as political bodies to the prosecution of the common good. Despite town and village reciprocal relationships were part of the common political body they formed together, their relationships were hierarchical. Towns, as heads of jurisdictional districts, kept relations of domination on the villages. There, powerful local lineages tried to widen their authority and power. This traditional scheme, that explained town and village Old Regime relationships, was changing in the long-run perspective. Charles V initiated sales of town titles and privileges to increase royal incomes. This favored not only these last, but also higher degrees of jurisdictional local autonomy and, at the same time, it went in favor of local oligarchies aspirations of wider spheres of local self government

  6. International interest in space assets under the Cape Town Convention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ametova, Lutfiie

    2013-12-01

    Private human access to outer space is impossible without space equipment. Nowadays space equipment is increasingly being financed by private sector. Private sector financiers, naturally, seek to secure their interest in space equipment. At the same time, increasing international cooperation in space industry leads to some problems of legal character. Thus, space equipment involved in international cooperation programs crosses national borders and is subject to a certain jurisdiction in a given period of time. The problem is that when an interest is created in one jurisdiction, it may not necessarily be recognised in another one. In order to provide a unified approach to interests vested in space equipment an international legal instrument is necessary. The Cape Town Convention represents an international instrument designed to provide a unified approach to interests vested in mobile equipment, including space assets.

  7. Blood lead levels in preschool children in Cape Town

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deveaux, P.; Kibel, M.A.; Dempster, W.S.; Pocock, F.; Formenti, K.

    1986-03-29

    Blood lead levels were assessed in 293 children aged between 4 and 6 years attending preschool centers in metropolitan Cape Town in order to establish the degree of lead absorption. Anthropometric data, blood count, zinc protoporphyrin and blood lead level were obtained for each child. A questionnaire was used to determine socio-economic status, dietary habits and history of pica. Thirteen children, or 4,4% of those sampled, had blood levels of greater than or equal to 30 micrograms/dl. The majority of these children lived in close proximity to one another in a socially deprived inner urban environment. Environmental sampling for lead was carried out in the homes of children with the highest blood levels as well as in the homes of a matched control group with low levels living in the same area. The only difference was a significantly higher incidence of pica in the children with high levels.

  8. Seismic damage in historic town centres and attenuation criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Giuffrè

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available The structural significance of the damage scenarios characteristic of VIII and IX degrees on the MKS macroseismic scale is discussed with reference to the seismic behaviour of the buildings which make up the urban fabric of a historic town or city. In an VIII degree scenario, damage is limited to structurally precarious situations, while a IX degree scenario involves seismic damage to external walls. Mechanical interpretation of these scenarios provides the basis for intervention strategies sufficiently well defined as to constitute a guide for seismic damage prevention programmes. VIII degree damage is prevented by identifying precarious situations. while IX degree damage requires systematic action. A proposal is put forward for the clarification of seismic regulations and the usefulness of evaluating future earthquakes in macroseismic terms with reference to the safety requirements of new buildings is discussed.

  9. Turning Skyscrapers into Town Houses: Insights into Barrett's Esophagus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahrens, Theresa D; Lutz, Lisa; Lassmann, Silke; Werner, Martin

    2017-01-01

    Barrett's esophagus (BE) is defined as metaplasia of the esophageal squamous epithelium with multiple cell layers into a single layer of intestinal columnar epithelial cells - or, in other words, skyscrapers are turned into town houses. The underlying pathomechanism(s) and the cell of origin of BE lesions have not been defined yet. However, four potential hypotheses for BE development have been suggested. The morphological changes during BE development are associated with rather well-described aberrant gene/protein expression patterns. However, the potential key regulators of this conversion process are still unclear. The process of metaplastic conversion is difficult to monitor in a spatiotemporal manner in vitro, and robust models are lacking. There is therefore a need for novel experimental systems. This review focuses on potential key regulators, microenvironmental influences, epigenetic alterations and experimental research systems related to BE.

  10. Resilience and social costs: centralised towns vs. distributed settlements?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendriksen, Kåre

    and the national economy and are less expensive concerning government spending than e.g. larger towns. The local potentials and not least the social and economic costs of a fast centralization process are often not taken into account. Historical the location of settlements is generally based on the possibilities...... for subsistence catching and local fishery used for exports. During the last generation a decoupling between settlement and trade has evolved. The paper will discuss which factors are decisive for the utilization of the trade opportunities at the local level. Cost reductions seen from a private business...... perspective has become more dominant in the last decades rather than societies’ economic benefit. Consequently e.g. the processing of shrimps and fish (that amount to the great majority of the export) has been moved to countries with less labor costs than Greenland. This development tend to conflict...

  11. Town planning parameters in the function of building energy efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdanović-Protić Ivana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy efficient building is that consuming the least energy while providing comfort. The energy consumption of buildings, in general, as well as in Serbia, is among other things conditioned by the heating, cooling and lighting requirements with a goal of achieving of thermal and light comfort. Heating energy consumption is the result of heat loss and gain, and their values, in addition to other parameters, depend on town planning parameters. The paper focuses on the comparative analysis of impact of building different exposures to wind as well as on impact of the different prevailing orientations on energy efficiency of buildings. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 36042: Optimizacija arhitektonskog i urbanističkog planiranja i projektovanja u funkciji održivog razvoja Srbije

  12. Space Colony from a Commercial Asteroid Mining Company Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Thomas C.; Grandl, Werner; Pinni, Martina; Benaroya, Haym

    2008-01-01

    Commercial mining towns on Earth become cities. Company towns need commerce to drive the growth and economy of early space colonies. Water is an early resource for camp consumables plus propellant export sales from asteroid mining operations at proposed burned out comets with water methane ice cores for sustainable growth over 50 years, financed from profits and capable with affordable logistics to support resource recovery. One co-author's perspective includes remote resource recovery sites on Earth. Other co-authors' experiences include architecture, lunar habitation, and architectural space colony concepts. This paper combines these experiences to propose commercial opportunities possible as mankind moves beyond one planet. Alaska's North Slope commercial history indicates that different multiple logistics transportation systems are required to reduce the risk to humans and families moved in before the oil flowed. Commercial enterprises have risked $20 billion and spent hundreds of billions in private money after profits were created. The lessons learned are applied to a burned out comet designated Wilson-Harrington (1979) and explores the architecture for early living within the burned out comet disk created from ice recovery and later sealed with an expected methane ice interior. Considered is the recovery of the resources, the transport of water back to Earth orbit or L-1, plus later the development of more comfortable space colony living. Commercial markets produce cities on Earth and the same can happen on Space Colonies. The key is an ``in place'' affordable commercial logistics system that can service, stimulate and sustain a 50-year commercial propellant market.

  13. 76 FR 6476 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion with the Director of the Center for Devices and..., CDRH held three Town Hall meetings in Minneapolis, MN; Boston, MA; and Los Angeles, CA to provide...

  14. 76 FR 41804 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and... accommodations should call 650- 589-3400 and request the group rate for the ``FDA/CDRH Town Hall Meeting''...

  15. Du Style pour dire non, ou l’artillerie d’une poétique de combat dans Cahier d’un Retour au Pays Natal d’Aimé Césaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clotaire Saah Nengou

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Malgré les divers thèmes étudiés par des générations d’écrivains d’Afrique et de la diaspora noire francophone, la plupart de leurs œuvres ne reflète souvent que très timidement une forme esthétique hardie; serait-ce par peur de faire la différence? Par contre le poète Aimé Césaire ose. Dans son poème Cahier d’un Retour au Pays Natal, Césaire fait du signe une arme stylistique et insurrectionnelle pour combattre la norme culturelle tyrannique imposée à sa conscience, combattre les oppresseurs d’hommes et les larbins de la révolte. Soit le “style pour dire non!” La présente étude voudrait montrer que l’expressivité chez Césaire dans cet inusable, long et délirant texte poétique, c’est de l’artillerie lourde qui se caractérise par l’usage quantitatif, qualitatif et volumique d’éléments linguistiques, sortes d’obus donnant vitalité aux idées et violence aux signifiants.

  16. Custos dos mutirões de mamografia de 2005 e 2006 na Direção Regional de Saúde de Marília, São Paulo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roseli Regina Freire Marconato

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desse estudo foi apresentar os custos diretos dos mutirões de mamografias realizados nos anos de 2005 e 2006 na região da Direção Regional de Saúde de Marília, São Paulo, Brasil. Foram realizadas 11.952 mamografias. A classificação do resultado da mamografia foi feita pelo sistema padronizado BI-RADS e a análise de custos foi baseada nos valores pagos pelo SUS com base nas Tabelas SIA/SUS e SIH/SUS de 2005. Foram diagnosticados 10 casos de câncer de mama (0,84 por 1.000 mamografias, 70% estavam na faixa etária de 50-69 anos. O custo total desses mutirões e acompanhamento foi de R$ 450.019,91, sendo R$ 431.467,20 com o pagamento de 11.952 mamografias e R$ 18.552,71 para a investigação diagnóstica de 29 casos suspeitos, para o tratamento de três casos de tumores benignos e de 6 casos de câncer. O custo de cada caso diagnosticado foi de R$ 43.268,10. O alto custo de cada caso diagnosticado aponta para a necessidade de implementação de programas de rastreamento efetivos e de qualidade da mamografia nesta região do estado.

  17. Tourist Profile and Destination Brand Perception: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ikechukwu O. Ezeuduji

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Tourists pay for destination brands. This study checked for the relationships between tourists’ profile and how they perceived the destination brand of Cape Town. A questionnaire survey of 220 tourists visiting Cape Town was done. This study found that repeat visit, age of tourist, length of stay, and tourist origin, have significant influences on how tourists visiting Cape Town perceived the destination. The top three destination attributes of Cape Town (cognitive images, which enhance visitor experience satisfaction are (1 the overall level of service quality at facilities in Cape Town, (2 the city being one of the best places the tourists have visited, and (3 the destination’s good value for money. The top three emotional valuations of destination attributes (affective images which enhance visitor experience satisfaction in Cape Town include (1 memorable visit, (2 valuable visit, and (3 friendly and hospitable population. It is therefore recommended that tourism businesses in Cape Town develop relationship marketing tools to attract and retain its tourists segments of loyal, advanced in age, long-staying and domestic tourists. Results from this research could be compared with related findings in the international arena and have related implications, especially for developing economies

  18. Syrian China Town: Ample Opportunities Ready for China-Middle East Trade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bai Yifeng; Sun Yongjian

    2006-01-01

    @@ Syria's first China Town is situated in Addla Free Zone, Damascus. It is sanctioned by Syrian Ministry of Economy, recognized by China Embassy in Syria and supported by the Syria Government departments.Nowadays, china Town(first phase project) covers l0000sq. meters, where contains l00-more independent shops, storages and relevant establishment, etc.. The total investment is US$6.7 million. In September,China's Foreign Trade interviewed Mr. Wu Peiqing, General Manager of China Town, the follows are his answer.

  19. Soil pollution in Mitrovica town surroundings and absorption of heavy metals by carrot plant

    OpenAIRE

    , Afete Musliu; Seit Shallari

    2013-01-01

    In this paper is studied a heavy meal presence in soil in industrial zone surroundings in Mitrovica town and its impact on the vegetable species, referring on this paper to a carrot. The town of Mitrovica, has the largest complex metallurgy and mining in Europe known as "Trepca", known for exploitation of lead, zinc and cadmium, which town is one of the most polluted cities in Kosovo as in air, soil and water, in particular neighbourhood of industrial zone. The purpose of this work is to make...

  20. New town development in an entrepreneurial city : the case of Shanghai

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Jie; 李劼

    2015-01-01

    The new town programme has been a widely adopted urban development strategy since the post-2000s in large Chinese cities such as Beijing and Shanghai. This study argued that the current trends of new town development in China need to be understood in light of its own political economy and urban contexts, particularly China’s shift to a socialist-market economy, participation in the global economy, and the rise of Chinese entrepreneurial cities. Using two new towns in Shanghai as case studies,...

  1. Impact of the Small Town Construction on Original Inhabitants in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area--A Case Study in Lishu Village, Changling Town, Chongqing Municipality, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Shao-quan; Chen Guo-jie; Chen Zhi-jian

    2003-01-01

    Based on the five-year long dynamic tracking and investigation of the peasant households of the Lishu village, the influences by small town construction on the economy and employment of the original peasant households are discussed. On the one hand, small town construction plays a positive role in adjustment of the industrial structure of the original peasant households and in the transfer of their employment towards non-agricultural industries. On the other hand the economic growth of the original peasant households is not so well sustainable, and is so fluctuating. Moreover,the unbalance of income distribution of the said households has been furthered, and small town construction has made the existing labor surplus of the original peasant households more serious, particularly the women labor surplus.

  2. AIDS conspiracy beliefs and unsafe sex in Cape Town.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grebe, Eduard; Nattrass, Nicoli

    2012-04-01

    This paper uses multivariate logistic regressions to explore: (1) potential socio-economic, cultural, psychological and political determinants of AIDS conspiracy beliefs among young adults in Cape Town; and (2) whether these beliefs matter for unsafe sex. Membership of a religious organisation reduced the odds of believing AIDS origin conspiracy theories by more than a third, whereas serious psychological distress more than doubled it and belief in witchcraft tripled the odds among Africans. Political factors mattered, but in ways that differed by gender. Tertiary education and relatively high household income reduced the odds of believing AIDS conspiracies for African women (but not men) and trust in President Mbeki's health minister (relative to her successor) increased the odds sevenfold for African men (but not women). Never having heard of the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), the pro-science activist group that opposed Mbeki on AIDS, tripled the odds of believing AIDS conspiracies for African women (but not men). Controlling for demographic, attitudinal and relationship variables, the odds of using a condom were halved amongst female African AIDS conspiracy believers, whereas for African men, never having heard of TAC and holding AIDS denialist beliefs were the key determinants of unsafe sex.

  3. Generalized Sub-Schawlow-Townes Laser Linewidths Via Material Dispersion

    CERN Document Server

    Pillay, Jason Cornelius; Stone, A Douglas; Chong, Y D

    2014-01-01

    A recent S matrix-based theory of the quantum-limited linewidth, which is applicable to general laser cavities, including spatially non-uniform lasers operating above threshold, is analyzed in various limits. For broadband gain a simple interpretation of the Petermann and bad-cavity factors is presented in terms of geometric relations between the zeros and poles of the S matrix. When there is substantial dispersion on the frequency scale of the cavity lifetime a bad-cavity linewidth reduction effect is derived, showing the possibility of sub-Schawlow-Townes line width, and generalizing previous results for spatially uniform one-dimensional laser cavities. The S-matrix formula for the linewidth in terms of the residue of the lasing pole is transformed to an expression for the linewidth solely in terms of the lasing mode functions, which is found to have comparable accuracy. Both formulas are valid even when the linewidth cannot be factorized in terms of the standard Petermann and bad-cavity correction factors....

  4. Coastal Waste Transport in Catbalogan City, Philippines and Nearby Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald L. Orale

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available More than half of Catbalogan barangays (villages are situated along the Maqueda Bay, the primary source of food for Samariños (people of Samar. Sixty percent of these coastal barangays have no direct access to waste disposal facilities such as garbage trucks and landfill. Almost 50% of domestic waste from these barangays is thrown directly to the sea, while 22% partly dispose their waste into Maqueda bay or a total of 7201 kg of waste daily. An improvised 3-dimensional micro-model shows how wastes are transported from one barangay to the other. The waste transport goes beyond barangay boundaries for many of waste travel to the coast of other municipalities and probably to other provinces. Approximately about 33% of fresh wastes float and are transported to other places, most of the remaining waste rot onsite making the site dark, dirty and has foul smell. Waste disposal practices of coastal towns/cities affects each other, therefore proper waste disposal practices must be widely practiced.

  5. Intimate partner violence among adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Marcia; Cupp, Pamela K; Jewkes, Rachel K; Gevers, Anik; Mathews, Catherine; LeFleur-Bellerose, Chantel; Small, Jeon

    2014-06-01

    This study aimed to describe potentially preventable factors in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and victimization among South African 8th grade students. Data were collected during a pilot evaluation of a classroom 8th grade curriculum on gender-based violence prevention in nine public schools in Cape Town through self-completed interviews with 549 8th grade students, 238 boys and 311 girls. Structural equation models (SEM) predicting IPV were constructed with variables a priori hypothesized to be associated. The majority of students (78.5 %) had had a partner in the past 3 months, and they reported high rates of IPV during that period (e.g., over 10 % of boys reported forcing a partner to have sex, and 39 % of girls reported physical IPV victimization). A trimmed version of the hypothesized SEM (CFI = .966; RMSEA = .051) indicated that disagreement with the ideology of male superiority and violence predicted lower risk of IPV (p violence; encourage use of positive conflict resolution styles; and discourage heavy alcohol use among both boys and girls.

  6. Ionic vibration induced transparency and Autler-Townes splitting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Wenjun; Wang, Fei; Feng, Xun-Li; Oh, C. H.

    2017-04-01

    In this work, the absorption spectrum of a two-level ion in a linear Paul trap is investigated, the ion is supposed to be driven by two orthogonal laser beams, the one along the axial of the trap acts as the control light beam, the other as probe beam. When the frequency of the control laser is tuned to the first red sideband of the ionic transition, the coupling between the internal states of the ion and vibrational mode turns out to be a Jaynes-Cummings (JC) Hamiltonian, which together with the coupling between the probe beam and the two-level ion constructs a Λ -type three-level structure. In this case the transparency window may appear in the absorption spectrum of the probe light, which is induced by the ionic vibration and is very similar to the cavity induced transparency (Rice and Brecha 1996 Opt. Commun. 126 230-5). On the other hand, when the frequency of the control laser is tuned to the first blue sideband of the ionic transition, the two-level ion and vibrational mode are governed by an anti-Jaynes-Cummings (anti-JC) Hamiltonian, the total system including the probe beam forms a V-type three-level structure. And the Autler-Townes splitting in the absorption spectrum is found.

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Hubie's School of Learning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often...

  8. Rethinking sustainability of small towns : towards a socio-technical approach

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Pelser, A

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This chapter suggests that a socio-technical approach (STA) can support decision-making, enhance economic diversity and foster sustainable economic development within small, single-resource towns. The concept socio-technical describes a...

  9. Ensuring water supply for all towns and villages in the Eastern Cape ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    water requirement reconciliation strategies for all towns and villages in South Africa .... components or changing weather pattern results in water short- ages that could ..... of the Directorate: Reserve Requirements, Department of Water. Affairs ...

  10. RESIDENTS' PERSPECTIVES TOWARDS CONSERVATION IN GEORGE TOWN WORLD HERITAGE CITY: A POST-UNESCO LISTING SCENARIO

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yoke Mui Lim; Suet Leng Khoo; Kean Sing Ch'ng

    2014-01-01

      Being inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage City since 2008, this scenario calls into question the voices, the participation and the aspirations of George Town residents themselves in the process...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, CityBnd, Published in 2008, Millard County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'CityBnd'. Data by this publisher are...

  12. LIKE TURTLES IN THEIR SHELLS?: CIVIC WITHDRAWAL AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE IN DIVERSE SMALL TOWNS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Celeste Lay

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Robert Putnam has argued that ethnic diversity is associated with declines in civic engagement because when faced with diversity, a natural reaction is to retreat into oneself. Goals: This paper tests this proposition by looking at adolescents in small towns that have recently undergone “rapid ethnic diversification”. Immigrants and refugees from Latin America and Southeast Asia have migrated to these small, ethnically homogeneous towns. Methods: I utilize a panel study in which adolescents in five small Iowa public high schools were surveyed at the beginning and the end of an academic year. Conclusions: This paper shows very little evidence of a lasting negative effect of ethnic diversity on civic engagement. In the first wave, young people in the diverse towns have lower levels of political knowledge and trust than those in predominantly-White towns, but they also have higher levels of participation in school activities. At the end of the year, these differences have been alleviated.

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, cities of reno & sparks, Published in 2006, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'cities of reno in a...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, La Paz County Community Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided in...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political townships, USPLS townships, Published in 2008, Harrison County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2008. It is described as 'Political townships, USPLS townships'. Data by this publisher are often provided in State...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Southwest Georgia RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  17. Ecological Planning for Sino-Singapore Ecological Science and Technology Town of Suzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>1. Background The construction of Sino-Singapore Ecological Science and Technology Town (SSESTT), which is a part of Suzhou Industrial Park, was initiated in 2005 under the circumstance of rapid development

  18. Protection and guidelines for the build image in towns in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Pogačnik

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available The research project, Protecting and Directing the Identity if Slovene Towns includes 48 urban centres. Towns were presented textually and graphically on maps (scale 1:10.000. An attempt of a typological classification based on design features and its final proposals are shown. The research vastly increases the scope of former projects focusing in centres of old inner cities. It points out that the formal features of towns has changed because of suburbanisation, new industrial zones, communications, functionalistic blocks, high-rise buildings, commercialisation of centres and other reasons. The proposed guide-lines are based on principles of ecology, reurbanisation, humanization, contextualism and emphasizing the identity of out towns.

  19. Drinking water quality: stakes of control and sanitation in the town of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Drinking water quality: stakes of control and sanitation in the town of Dschang - Cameroon. ... used 728 alternative points for water assessment (705 wells and 23 springs), ... For the wastewater drainage and treatment, no device is constructed.

  20. Changing arenas of underage adolescent binge drinking in Swedish small towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ander Birgitta

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available AIM – The study explores arenas of adolescent binge drinking in small Swedish towns and the meanings these have for young persons. The focus is thus on space and place, and on the geography of underage drinking.

  1. Effects of poor sanitation on public health: Case of Yopougon town ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of poor sanitation on public health: Case of Yopougon town (Abidjan) ... African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ... Under-five children are much affected with 24% of the patients among which 43% were cases of the ...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Corporate limits, Published in Not Provided, Benton County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'Corporate limits'. Data by...

  3. Countermeasures for Development and Present Situation of Chives in Xiaogang Town, Xiaogan City, Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue; CHEN; Chunfu; XIE; Hongping; LIU; Huashu; LIU; Jian; WANG; Ming; ZHENG; Ju; YUE; Changbing; LIU; Dan; LIU; Hanhua; TANG; Yuchao; PENG; Yonggang; NIU; Ke; HU

    2013-01-01

    Through the overview of main problems existing in chives production, its current situation and history, the thesis puts forward countermeasures for developing chives industrialization in Xiaogang Town, Xiaogan City.

  4. Tidal Marsh Inventory for York County Virginia and town of Poquoson

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This inventory report and marsh guidelines study will explain marsh vegetation types and their evaluation throughout York County Virginia and the town of Poquoson....

  5. 76 FR 21741 - Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Programming Accessibility Act; Announcement of Town...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... distribution program, and TRS contributions by VoIP providers, were deemed oral ex parte presentations in the... that the Commission has taken to obtain public feedback as it implements the Act. The Town Hall...

  6. 75 FR 47488 - FM Table of Allotments, Boulder Town, Levan, Mount Pleasant, and Richfield, UT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 FM Table of Allotments, Boulder Town, Levan, Mount Pleasant, and Richfield, UT AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule; petition for partial...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, cities83, Published in 2008, Duchesne County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'cities83'. Data by this publisher are...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Bridgeland694, Published in 2002, Duchesne County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2002. It is described as 'Bridgeland694'. Data by this publisher...

  9. Assessing The Current Status Of Solid Waste Management Of Gondar Town Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Gedefaw

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Ethiopia is facing rapid urbanization leading to overcrowding and the development of slums and informal settlements with poor waste management practices. Urban dwellers generally consume more resources than rural dwellers and so generate huge quantities of solid wastes. This study is focused on the overall assessment of the existing MSWM service of Gondar town. The overall objective of this study was assessing the current solid waste management service of Gondar town. Both primary and secondary sources were used to achieve the objectives. The analysis of this study was carried out using both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The findings of this study revealed that the present system of MSWM in Gondar town entirely relied on the municipality which provided the full range of waste collection transportation and disposal service. But the provision of this service is not kept in pace with the town solid waste generation. Based on the findings of this study the town households dominantly produced biodegradable solid wastes with generation rate of 0.21kgpersonday. This made the daily total solid waste generation of households to be 8140Kg. Together with other four solid waste sources the total daily solid waste generation of the town is about 11660 kg. So that MSWM of the town is found in very low status and spatial coverage. This poor status of MSWM is also intensified by three critical factors i.e poor institutional structure and capacity of Sanitation and beautification limited participation and contribution of stakeholders and poor households solid waste management practices. This study concluded that there should be sustainable solid waste management systems reuse recycle composting and incineration through awareness creation and training improvement of SB institutional structure and capacity and implementation of integrated MSWM approach which recognizes and comprises all stakeholders in the town.

  10. Integrated rapid transport: is the city of Cape Town utilising its full potential? / M. Strydom

    OpenAIRE

    Strydom, Mari

    2010-01-01

    The spatial structure of Cape Town is characterised by segregated low density development patterns and urban sprawling. With a high population growth rate and urbanisation, these patterns are becoming more prominent. Due to the spatial nature of Cape Town, a large proportion of economic activities and employment opportunities are concentrated in patches across the city. In order to combat low-density sprawl and integrate spatially separated areas the key concept ?city densification? and the v...

  11. Sunrise and Sunset Azimuths in the Planning of Ancient Chinese Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: In the planning of some Chinese towns we can see an evident orientation with the cardinal direction north-south. However, other features reveal a possible orientation with the directions of sunrise and sunset on solstices too, as in the case of Shangdu (Xanadu), the summer capital of Kublai Khan. Here we discuss some other examples of a possible solar orientation in the planning of ancient towns. We will analyse the plans of Xi'an, Khanbalik and Dali

  12. A possible role of sunrise/sunset azimuth in the planning of ancient Chinese towns

    CERN Document Server

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2013-01-01

    In the planning of some Chinese towns we can see an evident orientation with the cardinal north-south direction. However, other features reveal a possible orientation with the sunrise/sunset azimuth on solstices too, as in the case of Shangdu (Xanadu), the summer capital of Kublai Khan. Here we discuss some other examples of a possible solar orientation in the planning of ancient towns. We will analyze the plans of Xi'an, Khanbalik and Dali.

  13. Managing the transition to work: the role of the planning network in British town planning education

    OpenAIRE

    Bailey, Nick; Walker, H.

    2001-01-01

    The development of town planning education in the United Kingdom can be traced back over at least sixty years and has always enjoyed a close relationship with practitioners, employers and the professional body, the Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI). In order to ensure an intake of sufficient quality to a growing profession, the Institute offered its own exams until the 1980s and then initiated the current system of accrediting both undergraduate and postgraduate programmes of study. This s...

  14. Determinação da composição química em nebulosas planetárias na direção do anticentro galáctico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, R. D. D.; Uchida, M. M. M.; Maciel, W. J.

    2003-08-01

    Existe um gradiente radial de abundâncias no disco galáctico, cujo comportamento é razoavelmente bem conhecido para distâncias galactocêntricas entre 3 e 10 kpc. Foi obtido a partir de resultados derivados de nebulosas planetárias, regiões HII e estrelas, como as estrelas quentes de tipo O, B e aglomerados abertos. Com o objetivo de investigar o comportamento deste gradiente radial na região externa do disco, conhecida como anticentro galáctico, reportamos aqui os resultados finais da análise de uma amostra de nebulosas planetárias na direção do anticentro, observadas no LNA e no ESO entre 1995 e 2000. O uso de nebulosas planetárias permite o cálculo das abundâncias de elementos traçadores da evolução química do disco como oxigênio, argônio e neônio com o uso de técnicas de espectroscopia nebular. Os resultados indicam uma distribuição de abundâncias distinta daquela encontrada na vizinhança solar, mostrando que o gradiente radial diminui sensivelmente para distâncias galactocêntricas maiores que 10 kpc. Este resultado está de acordo com os mais recentes modelos de evolução química do disco, que prevêem uma diminuição ou mesmo um desaparecimento do gradiente radial no bordo externo do disco galáctico. (FAPESP/CNPq)

  15. Adapting adaptation: the English eco-town initiative as governance process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Tomozeiu

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Climate change adaptation and mitigation have become key policy drivers in the UK under its Climate Change Act of 2008. At the same time, urbanization has been high on the agenda, given the pressing need for substantial additional housing, particularly in southeast England. These twin policy objectives were brought together in the UK government's 'eco-town' initiative for England launched in 2007, which has since resulted in four eco-town projects currently under development. We critically analyze the eco-town initiative's policy evolution and early planning phase from a multilevel governance perspective by focusing on the following two interrelated aspects: (1 the evolving governance structures and resulting dynamics arising from the development of the eco-town initiative at UK governmental level, and the subsequent partial devolution to local stakeholders, including local authorities and nongovernmental actors, under the new 'localism' agenda; and (2 the effect of these governance dynamics on the conceptual and practical approach to adaptation through the emerging eco-town projects. As such, we problematize the impact of multilevel governance relations, and competing governance strategies and leadership, on shaping eco-town and related adaptation strategies and practice.

  16. The Impact Of Location On The Role Of Small Towns In Regional Development: Mazovia, Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Czapiewski Konrad

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores the role of small towns in the Mazovia region in Poland which is both characterized by rural areas and the suburban zone of Warsaw. The analysis of changes in the local labour markets reveals that microregions formed by small peripheral towns were more resistant to changes than those located in the suburban area of Warsaw. The latter were absorbed by the capital city whose zone of influence expanded in the detriment of adjacent small towns and their microregions. Using the concept of exogenous functions performed by small towns, we also shed light on their role with regard to the surrounding areas (with dominant agricultural function in the past decade. The values of the service concentration index (SCI and the level of population concentration showed that the majority of services to local and neighbouring inhabitants were delivered in small county towns located in the periphery. On the other hand, small county towns located in the vicinity of Warsaw mainly provided services to their inhabitants.

  17. Effectiveness and equity impacts of town-wide cycling initiatives in England: a longitudinal, controlled natural experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Anna; Panter, Jenna; Sharp, Stephen J; Ogilvie, David

    2013-11-01

    Cycling confers health and environmental benefits, but few robust studies have evaluated large-scale programmes to promote cycling. In England, recent years have seen substantial, town-wide cycling initiatives in six Cycling Demonstration Towns (funded 2005-2011) and 12 Cycling Cities and Towns (funded 2008-2011). The initiatives involved mixtures of capital investment (e.g. cycle lanes) and revenue investment (e.g. cycle training), tailored to each town. This controlled before-after natural experimental study used English census data to examine impacts on the prevalence of travelling to work by bicycle and other modes, comparing changes in the intervention towns with changes in three comparison groups (matched towns, unfunded towns and a national comparison group). We also compared effects between more and less deprived areas, and used random-effects meta-analysis to compare intervention effects between towns. Among 1.3 million commuters in 18 intervention towns, we found that the prevalence of cycling to work rose from 5.8% in 2001 to 6.8% in 2011. This represented a significant increase relative to all three comparison groups (e.g. +0.69 (95% CI 0.60,0.77) percentage points for intervention vs. matched towns). Walking to work also increased significantly compared with comparison towns, while driving to work decreased and public transport use was unchanged. These effects were observed across all fifths of area deprivation, with larger relative changes in deprived areas. There was substantial variation in effect sizes between towns, however, and the average town-level effect on cycling was non-significant (+0.29 (-0.26,0.84) percentage points for intervention vs. matched towns). We conclude that to date, cycling to work has increased (and driving to work decreased) in the intervention towns, in a relatively equitable manner. The variation in effects between towns indicates uncertainty regarding the likely impact of comparable investment in future towns

  18. Characterization of Wastewater in Rajouri Town, Jammu And Kashmir, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zishan Aslam

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Water exaggerated physically, chemically as well as biologically is known as wastewater. Thrown away process of solid waste and its treatment has been the foremost environmental setback for most of the cities in India especially in rural area. To make people aware about the level of contaminants in wastewater and to suggest the ways of treatment of wastewater which will result in disposing off of domestic effluents without any danger to human health, a study on characteristics of wastewater in Rajouri town in Jammu and Kashmir was conducted. Concentrations of various physicochemical parameters like Total dissolved solids (TDS, pH, Turbidity, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD, Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD, Alkalinity, Hardness Chloride Content, Nitrogen, Ammonium, Phosphorous, Iron and E-coli bacteria were determined. Study was done on five different sampling locations. All the parameters were found to be generally exceeding the limits set by W.H.O except for few sampling locations. The sampling site which was found to be the most polluted was Muradpur (SL 5 thus affecting the population there because of being on the downstream side and the least affected site was Kheora (SL2. In some sampling stations due to presence of vegetation at the disposal sites, the quality of sewage to some extent are acceptable may be because the vegetation absorb some of its undesirable constituents. To treat this wastewater and make it suitable for various purposes like irrigation, vegetation and other domestic purposes a treatment plant which will benefit population of 37,552 souls. Construction of wetlands will also lead to effective treatment and management of wastewater.

  19. Smoke impacts from agricultural burning in a rural Brazilian town.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhardt, T E; Ottmar, R D; Castilla, C

    2001-03-01

    Agricultural and silvicultural biomass burning is practiced in many undeveloped portions of the Amazon basin. In Rond nia, Brazil, such burning is restricted to a brief period in the dry season of August and September to minimize the duration of air quality impacts and to attempt to control escaped fires. During this period, much of the region and the communities within it experience significant exposure to smoke from agricultural and forest fires. In cooperation with Brazilian scientists of the University of Brasilia, the Brazilian Organization for Agricultural Research (EMBRAPA), and the Alternative to Slash and Burn Program coordinated by the International Center for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), ambient air quality was measured in Theobroma, a small town in Rond nia, during one week of the open burning period of 1995 to supplement available air quality data and to foster public awareness of the impacts of widespread fires. Personal sampling equipment was used to measure ambient levels of formaldehyde (HCHO), acrolein, CO, benzene, and respirable PM in outdoor air. The data obtained were compared with established Brazilian and U.S. ambient air quality guidelines. Ambient levels of respirable PM averaged 191 microg/m3, HCHO averaged 12.8 ppb, CO averaged 4.2 ppm, and benzene averaged 3.2 ppb. Almost all acrolein samples were less than the detection limit of 1 ppb. The results showed that the public can be exposed to relatively high levels of pollutants under the prescribed burning smoke management strategy of a two- to three-week prescription burning period, although this is an improvement over past years when burning was unregulated and continued through most of the dry season. The results also demonstrate the feasibility of using personal exposure monitoring equipment for low-cost surveys of ambient air quality in polluted regions.

  20. Energy measures report: summary for English town and parish councils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-09-15

    This report is a summary of information for English town and parish councils on measures local authorities in England and Wales can take to improve energy efficiency, increase the levels of microgeneration, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce fuel poverty. It highlights the main areas in which local authorities can take action. In October 2006, the Stern Review of the economics of climate change was published. This assessed the evidence on the impacts of climate change and on the economic costs. Local authorities are uniquely placed to act on climate change mitigation and to alleviate fuel poverty. They can take action on their own estates and housing stock but can also play a key role in motivating the wider community to take action, based on their understanding of local priorities, risks and opportunities. Local authorities already have a number of responsibilities to incorporate climate change and energy policy considerations into the way in which they carry out their powers and functions. The publication of the Local Government White Paper 2006 signalled a shift in the role of local authorities. Tackling climate change is now recognised as one of the key areas in which local authorities can take on a community leadership role. The new performance framework, detailed in the White Paper, will have an appropriate focus on climate change, with the 2007 Comprehensive Spending Review making decisions on national outcomes, indicators and any national targets. The Review concluded that there is still time to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, if action is taken now and in concert with other countries. A key conclusion was that in the long term the cost of inaction would be far higher than the cost of tackling climate change now. The Government's view is therefore that taking action to mitigate the effects of climate change is the only strategy consistent with long-term economic growth and global stability. See URN: 07/1439 for the main report.

  1. Displacement policy favoring the walk in the towns. Actions of european towns; Politiques de deplacement favorisant la marche a pied en ville. Actions de villes europeenne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vallar, J.P.; Wagenaar, D.

    2003-07-01

    Many towns in Europe began policies favoring the walk. By an evaluation of the actions realized, this study presents the results in four main topics: the planning, the organization, the communication and public information, the evaluation of the initiatives and the perspectives. (A.L.B.)

  2. The Nature of Society: Enmapping Nature, Space and Society into a Town-green Hybrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis Rice

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the transformation of derelict land into a 'town-green' and the role legislation played in transforming social and natural relationships. Town-green denotes a legal status under the Great Britain Commons Act (2006 that protects certain open spaces from building development; the status requires that a space must simultaneously have a specific social quality (i.e. 'town-ness' and a specific natural quality (i.e. 'green-ness'. This hybrid condition requires an alliance between society and nature in a certain configuration (referred to here as nature2 and society2. In this empirical study it involved the participation and consensus of local residents, volunteer gardeners as well as nature itself; flowers needed to bloom and grass had to grow in order for the hybrid town-green status to be conferred. There are two distinct phases of this transformation; the first is the change in identities and configuration of the constituents of town and green. This involved the production of a modified 'real' world with: different plants and flowers; reconfigured spatial arrangements; as well as different social actors. The second phase is a shift from changes in the "real" world towards an 'enmap' - a displacement of myriad actors into documentation. This transfer from a complex messy reality into an enmap permitted the legitimation of the new network to be accepted as a 'town-green'. What the research reveals, other than hints for gardeners and community activists, is how material and non-material; social and natural; spatial, discursive and temporal worlds are hybridised.

  3. Rural roadway safety perceptions among rural teen drivers living in and outside of towns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Marizen; Roth, Lisa; Young, Tracy; Peek-Asa, Corinne

    2013-01-01

    To compare perceptions about rural road and general driving behaviors between teens who live in- and out-of-town from rural communities in Iowa. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 160 teens anticipating their Intermediate License within 3 months upon enrollment into this study. Self-administered surveys were used to collect demographics and driving exposures (eg, frequency of driving, age when first drove unsupervised). Two Likert scales were included to measure agreement with safe driving behaviors on rural roads and general safe driving behaviors (eg, speeding, seat belt use). T-tests were calculated comparing mean composite scores between in- and out-of-town teens, and between mean rural road and general driving safety attitude scores. A linear regression multivariable model was constructed to identify predictors of the rural road score. While the majority of teens endorsed rural road and general safe driving behaviors, up to 40% did not. Thirty-two percent did not believe the dangers of animals on rural roads, and 40% disagreed that exceeding the speed limit is dangerous. In-town teens were less safety conscious about rural road hazards with a significantly lower mean composite score (4.4) than out-of-town teens (4.6); mean scores for general driving behaviors were similar. Living out-of-town and owning one's own car were significant predictors of increased rural road safety scores. Rural, in-town teens have poorer safety attitudes about rural roadway hazards compared with out-of-town teens. Interventions that involve education, parental supervision, and practice on rural roads are critical for preventing teen crashes on rural roads. No claim to original US government works.

  4. Influence of new town development on the urban heat island - The case of the Bundang area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Young-bae

    2005-01-01

    Five new towns have been developed around the Seoul metropolitan area since 1996. However, these new towns generate lots of traffic and related problems in the areas including those new towns and Seoul as a result of increases in population and a lack of ecological-self-sufficiency. Currently, construction of another new town is under deliberation, and what should be a major consider is the notion that the new town be located within a wide, green zone. Many studies have revealed that green space can play an important role in improving urban eco-meteorological capability and air quality. In order to analyze the urban heat island which will be created by the new urban development, and to investigate the local thermal environment and its negative effects caused by a change of land use type and urbanization, Landsat TM images were used for extraction of urban surface temperature according to changes of land use over the last 15 years. These data are analyzed together with digital land use and topographic information. As a study result, it was found the urban heat island of the study area from 1985 to 1999 rapidly developed which showed a difference of mean temperature above + 2.0. Before the Bundang new town construction the temperature of the residential area was the same as a forest, but during the new town construction in 1991 analysis revealed the creation of an urban heat island. The temperature of a forest whose size is over 50% of the investigation area was lowest, and thus the presence of a forest is believed to have a direct cooling effect on the urban environment and its surroundings.The mean temperature of the residential and commercial areas in the study was found to be + 4.5 higher than the forest, and therefore this part of land use is believed to be the main factor causing the temperature increase of the urban heat island.

  5. Efeitos da velocidade e da direção do vento na uniformidade de aplicação de água de sistemas autopropelidos Effects of wind speed and direction on water application uniformity of traveler irrigation systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique F. E. de Oliveira

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A velocidade e a direção de incidência do vento, em relação ao eixo de deslocamento do aspersor, são variáveis apresentadas em vários trabalhos como fatores importantes para a determinação da uniformidade de aplicação de água dos equipamentos autopropelidos de irrigação. No entanto, em razão das dificuldades de se conduzir estudos de campo com canhões hidráulicos sob condições controladas de direção e velocidade do vento, as recomendações de espaçamento entre carreadores, em sua maioria, consideram apenas o efeito da velocidade do vento, sem mencionar a direção de sua incidência. Neste trabalho, a aplicação de coeficientes semiempíricos do modelo Richards & Weatherhead, ajustados com base em ensaios de campo do canhão PLONA RL-250, possibilitou realizar, por meio de simulações digitais, uma análise quantitativa dos efeitos da velocidade e da direção do vento sobre a uniformidade de aplicação de água dos sistemas autopropelidos. As simulações indicaram que, na medida em que a incidência do vento passa de perpendicular para paralela ao eixo de deslocamento, os efeitos prejudiciais da velocidade do vento sobre a uniformidade são ampliados. Desta forma, fica evidenciado que tanto a direção como a velocidade do vento devem ser consideradas nas recomendações de espaçamento entre carreadores.Wind velocity and its direction, in relation to the sprinkler travel axis, are pointed out as key factors in determining water application uniformity of traveler irrigation machines. However, due to difficulties in running field tests with rain guns under controlled wind conditions, most towpath spacing recommendations consider only wind velocity without mentioning its direction. In this study, the application of semi-empirical parameters from RICHARDS & WEATERHEAD model's, adjusted based on field tests with the rain gun PLONA RL-250, provided with the help of computer simulation, the data necessary for a

  6. Assessment of prescribing, dispensing, and patient use pattern of antihypertensive drugs for patients attending outpatient department of Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Harar, Eastern Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Shukrala F; Gabriel T

    2015-01-01

    Fedila Shukrala,1 Tesfaye Gabriel2 1Dil Chora Referral Hospital, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia; 2Department of Pharmaceutics and Social Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Background: Hypertension is a global concern and is one of the key preventable risk factors for cardiovascular events, resulting in unnecessary morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the prescribing, dispensing and patient use pattern of antih...

  7. Case Study: Norovirus Outbreak in Pardis Town in January 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Naddafi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: In the outbreak of infectious diseases, the on time epidemiological, environmental, and laboratorial investigations result in rapid diagnosis of cause and source of the outbreaks and decrease the diseases spread and public health loss. Following the outbreak of gastroenteritis in Pardis Town in January 2014, this research was conducted to identify the cause, source, and route of transmission of the outbreak. Materials and methods: First, the descriptive epidemiological study was conducted using checklist and the stool samples were prepared and analyzed. The drinking water quality in Pardis during and before the outbreak was obtained from National Environmental Health Network. The community water supply system consisting of watershed, water resources, pipelines, storage reservoirs, disinfection systems, and distribution network were inspected and sampling and detection of thermotolerant coliforms and norovirus in water samples were performed according to the Standard Methods. Results: There were 6,027 patients with symptoms of nausea, vomiting, cramps, mild diarrhea, and mild fever. The distribution of the disease in all age groups, gender, ethnicity, and location was uniform. Out of nine stool specimens, molecular testing of norovirus in six samples was positive. Hazards identified in the water supply system consisted of a water pipe fracture occurred two days before the outbreak, illegal connection of landscape irrigation system to the drinking water supply network, the use of unprotected Fellman wells as the resource of water supply, and discharge of domestic wastewater into the water resource upstream of the Fellman wells. The water samples taken from the Fellman wells had fecal contamination (11 out of 12 samples, but because of weakness and limited experience in identifying norovirus in water samples, norovirus was not detected in the raw water samples. Conclusion: This study showed that the pathogen came from a

  8. The role of small and semi-medium-sized towns in solving the problems of regional development

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    Belova A.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the problems related to the disparities in the settlement system of the Kaliningrad region, the problems of small and semi-mediumsized towns, and the role of such towns in solving the regional development problems of the Kaliningrad region. The author analyses the Lithuanian experience of revitalizing small towns. The article outlines the ways to apply this experience to the Kaliningrad region.

  9. Juste vous dire quelque chose à propos de l’infinitif. Étude de l’infinitif performatif d’après une perspective pragmatico-textuelle

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    Quintero Ramírez Sara

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available La présente communication a comme objectif de définir et de caractériser les infinitifs performatifs à partir des critères pragmatico-textuels en tenant compte d’un corpus de 500 textes de différents typologies et genres. L’infinitif performatif est une construction infinitive indépendante qui n’a été étudiée ni dans les grammaires du français ni dans les monographies consacrées à l’étude de l’infinitif. Cette construction infinitive a la particularité d’être utilisée par les usagers de la langue française sans un verbe fini qui figure comme pivot de ladite construction. Au moment d’énoncer cet infinitif, l’auteur du texte utilise toujours un verbe de communication qui a la fonction de faire référence à l’acte communicatif que l’auteur réalise dans la situation d’énonciation du je, ici et maintenant. Autrement dit, l’infinitif performatif correspond à la première personne du singulier du présent de l’indicatif (Hernanz, 1999: 2341 ; Kabatek, 2008: 204. Cette correspondance n’est pas d’ordre syntaxique, mais d’ordre pragmatique et textuel. En effet, cet infinitif a une valeur performative parce que l’infinitif des verbes de communication comme dire équivaut sémantiquement à je dis grâce au cotexte et au contexte où il apparaît: a un verbe de communication qui peut être précédé ou non d’un ou de plusieurs marqueurs discursifs, b avec une fonction clairement métacommunicative, c qui s’emploi dans des textes écrits ou oraux de type factuel, expositif-explicatifs, spontanés et normalement dirigés à un public massif, d plus spécifiquement dans des genres textuels comme des blogs, des forums, des courriers des lecteurs, des débats et des discours d’accueil ou de clôture, e enfin, l’infinitif performatif est utilisé soit pour changer d’un sujet à un autre dans le texte, soit pour changer le tour de parole entre les différents interlocuteurs qui participent dans

  10. Urban agglomerations and transformations of medium-sized towns in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Runge Anna

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This analysis investigates medium-sized towns in Poland, i.e. those with a population between 20–100 thousand, located up to 100 km away from the main city of the agglomeration. The aim of this article is to compare the level of socio-economic development of Polish towns depending on their location in relation to the main city in the largest agglomerations in 1998 and 2013. Three zones of distance from the main city of each agglomeration have been taken into consideration: a. the inner zone, reaching up to 25 km from the main city; b. the outer zone located at a distance of 25 to 50 km from the main city, and c. the peripheral zone, located at a distance of 50 to 100 km from the main city and including the medium-size towns located outside the agglomeration system. This analysis of the distribution of medium-sized towns and their level of socio-economic development has shown various levels of changes which depend on the distance from the main city of the agglomeration. In 1998, the highest level of development of the medium-sized towns was recorded in towns outside of these agglomeration systems, i.e. those located most remotely from the main city (peripheral zone. Most of the medium-sized towns are situated at a distance of 50–100 km from Warszawa, Kraków, Łódź, Lublin, Gdańsk and have developed their own local, or even regional labour markets and some of them have even provided administrative functions in the past as voivodeship capitals. Only in the Poznań agglomeration, the level of development of medium-sized towns was higher in the immediate surroundings of the main city (25 km. The medium-sized towns in all zones of the distance from the main city in the Wrocław agglomeration represented a similar level of development. By 2013, the level of development of the medium-sized towns in the peripheral zone in all investigated settlement systems had decreased, with a significant improvement in the level of development of the towns in

  11. An empirical investigation to use solar–geothermal hybrid energy system for small towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Orougi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, there has been increasing interest to find a replacement for gas consumption in Iranian small towns and cities. The government believes delivering cheap gas to small towns is not economical and can be replaced with recent technological solar–geothermal hybrid energy system. In this paper, we present an empirical study to calculate internal rate of return (IRR for a small town located near the city of Qom, Iran. We consider three scenarios of population, namely 1000, 1500 and 2000 households and various rates for gas price from 7 to 40 cents. The results show that a gas distribution unit yields 2% to 20% in terms of return. This brings us to conclude that gas distribution for small towns far from major cities is not economically justified for government. Therefore, we need to use alternative methods such as solar–geothermal hybrid energy system. We use TOPSIS method, as a multi criteria decision making approach, to prioritize ten small towns in Qom province and the results are analyzed.

  12. Analyzing Street Art to Present the Heritage of George Town, Malaysia

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    Seyedehelham Sadatiseyedmahalleh

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Street art comprises all kinds of art developed in public locations. This form of art has spread to all heritage streets in George Town, the capital of Penang Island, which is also a known UNESCO World Heritage Site. However, instead of its heritage, food, and interesting past life and structure, the rapid multiplication of street art in George Town has created a new and unusual art that attracts tourists. Street art has spread to small roads and heritage streets in the city. This art increases the awareness of spectators by introducing them to the rich history of these streets and inducing a lively concept in the inner city of George Town. Accordingly, the impact of iron rod sculptures and murals, which comprises approximately 90% of street art in George Town, were determined to explore and identify the effects of this street art on this world heritage site. The findings were obtained from 263 out of 306 questionnaires accomplished by tourists in George Town. The results confirm that tourists prefer murals over iron rod sculptures. Iron rod sculptures are designed to tell the history of the street, whereas murals are designed to create aesthetic value. The findings indicated that similar to iron rod sculptures, more control should be exercised on the subjects of murals.

  13. Urban Vitality in Dutch and Chinese New Towns. A comparative study between Almere and Tongzhou

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    Jing Zhou

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Building new towns seems to be a rational regionalization approach that releases pressure from overly burdened large cities. This strategy was developed in Western Europe in the middle of twentieth century. Since the 1990s, the European new town model has been widely implemented in China. However, the author questions the feasibility of the large-scale, hasty new town developments. The study of worldwide new town experiences, especially European and Chinese cases, demonstrates that many new towns in fact have difficulty in achieving a real sense of urban quality and vitality. So far, few research projects have been conducted to evaluate and develop solutions for this problem.The purpose of this research project is therefore to identify the spatial and non-spatial factors and conditions that facilitate the development of urban vitality in new towns. It is aimed to reveal the impacts of spatial design, urban planning and governance approaches on the degree and patterns of local urban life of new towns in China and in the Netherlands. The generated knowledge of this research project helps develop not only a better understanding of the main problems of new towns, but also spatial strategies with the aim to enliven new towns and other types of (suburban areas as well. The central research question is approached through literature review and case studies.The literature review provides a critical re-evaluation of the scientific validation of the new town model, especially the notion of town self-containment in economic terms. The relevant theories under study mainly include regional science and economic geography. The literature review also clarifies the general definition of urban vitality and its distinct meanings in different socio-economic and political backgrounds of the two societies, sets up the quantitative measurements methodology, and identifies a preliminary framework of spatial factors and conditions. As it turns out, the key indicators of

  14. The Impact of Resort Landscapes: A histyoric Study of a Small Arizona Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Crewe

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the 1900s in the United States of America, many new towns and settlements in Florida and the Southwest used tourism to attract wealthy visitors, causing conflict between the needs of local residents and the resort economy. This paper looks at the role of the elite San Marcos Hotel in the small farming town of Chandler, 25 miles south of Phoenix, Arizona, during the first three decades of the town's life. The study traces evolving responses among the town's white farming community, noting a shift over 30 years from an enthusiastic identification with the hotel and associated luxuries, to a simpler farm ethic. The study contributes to growing research about resort architecture and themed environments, both in the context of US history and as a growing concern in today's world of accelerating global tourism. Throughout the late 1800s and early 1900s in the United States, many new towns in Florida and the Southwest used tourism to attract wealthy visitors for investment and potential settlement. Common resort elements included ambitiously designed luxurious hotels, themes of luxurious living, and a focus on wealthy clients, often creating sharp contrasts with ordinary residents (Moehring, 1989; Dodrill, 1993; Nicolaides, 1998.

  15. Possibilities and limitations of territorial cooperation among Serbian and European towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tošić Branka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the significant European aims of the process of intra-continental integration, as well as the role of the urban centers in its transregional cooperation. Although the process of transborder cooperation of towns exists also in other parts of the world, the roots of that complex form of cooperation appeared rather early in Western Europe. The area of Central Europe, especially the politically unstable southeastern part of the continent, are considerably late in this process. Serbia, especially its western and southern parts, is even more late in transborder regional cooperation of towns. The paper emphasizes that towns of Serbia, as development carriers with their intellectual potentials, have to express the ideas on starting the international actions. The possibilities are extensive: activation of neglected cooperation relations, improvement of technological and economical development, modernization of infrastructural systems, cooperation in culture, education, sports and recreation, environmental protection, etc. Towns need to find the ways for all kinds of cooperation with surrounding towns, if such cooperation gives the results which are favourable for both parties. Isolation from the world courses would lead to long-term stagnation. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 176017

  16. Designation and Development of Central Towns: A Case Study of Shiyan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In China, central towns are an important pitch point in the urban system of a city or county. The cultivation and development of central towns is significant in completing the urban system structure and improving the overall quality of urban-rural development of a city or county. In the Municipality of Shiyan, a mountainous region in Hubei Province, the designation of central towns should not be mechanically accomplished through applying the methodology used in plain areas, but with particular focus on the location and transportation of the towns. Based on the analysis of comprehensive development potential, 14 central towns are finally designated in Shiyan in view of their favorable location and the requirement of coordinated regional development. Development strategies are also proposed for them which include the improvement of urban functions, the differentiation of development modes, the growth of industrial clusters, the development of environmental-friendly industries, the standard configuration of public service facilities, and the institutional reform and innovation which would ensure the realization of the central towns’ function of agglomeration and radiation.

  17. Institution-led Urbanization:The “Third Leapfrog” of Town Development in Sunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on a review on the history of urbanization in Sunan, the paper argues that Sunan has entered a new development phase of institution-led urbanization. After 30-year development since the opening and reform, there has been a remarkable development of small towns in Sunan. Some towns and townships are transforming into medium and small-sized cities and the urban-rural relationship has also fundamentally changed. In the new development phase, neither the existing administrative and fiscal systems, nor the actual institutions and policies relative to urbanization are efficient enough for further promoting the socio-economic development of this area, so institutional innovations are quite necessary. At the end, the paper puts forward certain suggestions on improving and reforming related institutions and policies for town development in Sunan.

  18. The Symbolized Countryfolks in Shen Congwen's The Border Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Ying

    2015-01-01

    Shen Congwen is one of China's most renowned modem writers. The Border Town portrays the people andcustoms of a comer of Shangri-la, and humanizes, if not romanticizes nature and the country folk who are living in.The Border Town is perfect not only in subject, but in style and form as well. The complex theme of the novel isdepicted through the methods of symbolism and contrast. The current study focuses on how Shen made use ofsymbolism to portray the country folk. Although Shen used various kinds of symbolisms, natural, sexual, religious,celestial, and political, only the first two kinds will be dealt with in this paper. Symbols discussed in the paperinclude Cui Cui, Grandpa, the Border Town, river, water, ferry, bamboo, dreams, pagoda, animals, flowers, dreams,colors, etc.

  19. Innovation centres as growth points for smaller towns and rural areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belova A. V.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the role of innovative centres in the development of surrounding areas beyond large cities. At the same time, the innovative development of rural areas should be of a composite nature; municipality development strategies take innovations into account. International practices serve as a an argument in favour of establishing innovative centres in smaller and medium-sized towns in order to facilitate the socioeconomic development of the territory and surrounding rural areas. Science parks created in smaller towns give a boost to socioeconomic development. The authors analyse the case of the science park in the town of Gusev in the Kaliningrad region and emphasise the role of development and adoption of legal acts at regional and municipal levels, for example, the law «On the production policy of the Kaliningrad region».

  20. Using geospatial data analysis and qualitative economic intelligence to inform local economic development in small towns: a case study of Graaff-Reinet, South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Spocter, M

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available tourism industry of the town (Nunn, 2008). The lengthy list of well-known people associated with the town serves to give an indication of the rich history and heritage of Graaff-Reinet, its attractiveness as a tourist destination, and the town?s... important role in the history of South Africa. Most interview respondents identified tourism as the town?s leading economic sector. However, one respondent was of the opinion that tourism could not cure all of Graaff- Reinet?s economic problems...

  1. Lead accumulation in the roadside soils from heavy density motor way towns of eastern Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Teju

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The levels of lead pollution in the roadside soils of the heavy density motor ways of Eastern Ethiopia, in particular; Modjo, Bishoftu and Adama towns were studied. Soil samples were collected from a total of 22 sampling sites while the control samples were obtained from places about 1 km away from the main roads of each town. Concentrations of lead, in soil samples, were determined using flame atomic absorption spectrometer and the average concentrations of lead were found to be 93.3 ± 1.0, 79.4 ± 0.6 and 80.6 ± 0.4 μg/g for Modjo, Bishoftu and Adama towns, respectively. The concentrations of lead in soils sampled 1 km away from the main road for each town were: 13.5 ± 0.3, 19.6 ± 0.7 and 20.8 ± 0.8 μg/g for Modjo, Bishoftu and Adama towns, respectively. The contamination factors for the average lead concentrations of Modjo, Bishoftu and Adama towns were 6.9, 4.0 and 3.8, respectively. Besides, the correlations between the lead level and the traffic density of the corresponding roads were found to be r (4 = 0.82, p < 0.05 for Modjo, r (5 = 0.32, p < 0.05 for Bishoftu and r (9 = 0.81, p < 0.05 for Adama. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v28i2.1

  2. AIR POLLUTION FEATURES OF THE VALLEY-BASED TOWNS IN HUNGARY

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    Z. UTASI

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available There are 30 valley-based towns with >10,000 inhabitants in Hungary, filled by 1.023 million people i.e. 10 % of the population. Two criteria are used to define the valley-based town. They are: (i Vertical difference between the lowest point in the town and the highest one around it should be >100 m. At the same time, (ii the same difference on the opposite side should be >50 m. Air pollution data by the National Air Pollution Observation Network are used. Five contaminants were selected and analysed for 2007, 2010 and 2013. Due to a sharp reduction in the network, we could find data for a small part of the valley-based towns. Control towns with equal air-quality observations and similar cumulative number of inhabitants were also selected. The contaminants and the number of the settlements are: NO2 manual (14 valley-based vs. 2x14 control, NO2 automatic (8 vs. 8, SO2 automatic (7 vs. 2x6, PM10 automatic (8 vs. 2x7 and PM10 deposition manual (6 vs. 8. Average values, as well as high concentration episodes (>98%thresholds are equally analysed and evaluated. The main conclusion is that there are so big differences between the years both in absolute values and relative sequence of valley-based and control groups that the analysed there years is not enough to make any final conclusion. For step-over frequencies, however valley-based towns have some advantage, possibly due to the valley-hill wind system.

  3. The role and development perspectives of small towns in central Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spasić Nenad

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The link between urban centers and the countryside, including movement of people, goods, capital and other social exchanges, play an important role in processes of rural and urban change of a country. Major demographic and spatial changes have been typical for Serbia in the second half of the 20th century, caused by a dynamic primary urbanization process, i.e. by intense migration trends between rural areas and towns (cities. A special attention in this paper is given to the small urban centers in Serbia (small towns with population of less than 20,000 as the first magnet in proximate contact with the rural surroundings, and the one that therefore could have the greatest influence on organization structure and development prospects of the rural areas. In addition to being difficult to substantiate criteria for urban classification, small towns themselves do not represent a homogeneous group of settlements, and this makes it even harder to put up generalizations that would fit to all the settlements of this kind either within our country or cross-borders. However, here are identified certain common features for the small towns in Central Serbia and their development perspective is analyzed in relation to medium towns and cities of the same territory in consideration. Finally, this paper discusses the importance of policies for small town development in light of a real risk that the process of globalisation may lead to the justification of a new concentration of activities in the large cities, increasing the already significant regional differences in living conditions and economic development.

  4. Small-town migration to metropolitan centres: a case in Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee Boon Thong

    1979-12-01

    In Malaysia small towns are an important source of population gowth in metropolitan areas. To provide empirical evidence of the magnitude and roles of small urban centers as complementary sources of population growth in metropolitan areas, a small survey was conducted in 10 small towns in the State of Selangor. Criteria for the selection of these towns include a fair geographical spread over the State, and each area must characteristically possess a dominant urban center. The questionnaires were directed to the heads of 300 households with the intention of investigating the socioeconomic background of the households and the magnitude and characteristics of those members of the households who have migrated elsewhere. The total number of outmigrants from each area varied from 27-57, giving an overall average figure of 1.53 outmigrants/household. About 77% of the outmigrants had moved to the metropolitan centers. As the majority of the metropolitan migrants were more attracted to Kuala Lumpur, Klang, and Petaling Jaya, it may be assumed that the total outmigrants from small towns as derived would have consitituted about 39% of the population in the Klang Valley region. Based on this estimate, the role of small towns in metropolitan population growth is important. In the survey conducted, 2 broad categories of movements were involved: "economic movers," i.e., those who migrated to work or to establish businesses in the metropolitan areas; and "noneconomic movers," i.e., those who moved to continue their studies or to follow their spouses, and so forth. The economic mover stream made up 71% of the total metropolitan migrants. 2 variables--marital status and sex--were significantly related to the economic or noneconomic nature of the metropolitan migrants. The movement of males tended to be associated with economic motives whereas noneconomic reasons for movement tended to be the case among females migrants. The most important occupational group of the economically

  5. Optical Autler-Townes spectroscopy in a heteronuclear mixture of laser-cooled atoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruni, C.; Münchow, F.; Görlitz, A.

    2017-01-01

    We report on optical Autler-Townes spectroscopy in a heteronuclear mixture of {}^{87}Rb and {}^{176}Yb in a continuously loaded double-species magneto-optical trap. An excited vibrational level of Rb*Yb which is energetically close to the 5^2P_{1/2} state of Rb is coupled by a strong laser field to a vibrational level in the ground state of RbYb and probed by a weak probe laser field. The induced Autler-Townes splittings in the photoassociation spectra allow us to determine relative Franck-Condon factors of molecular transitions in RbYb.

  6. Challenges and prospects of Danish service towns in the new urban geography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2012-01-01

    towns influenced by the emergence of the new functional urban geography and the administrative reforms? - What are the major challenges in urban development these towns are confronted with? We use historical register data as well as land use data to draw a broad picture of the development of Danish...... below 1000 inhabitants, only 10 % have more than 5000 inhabitants. More recently, with the emergence of functional urban regions around the biggest cities, their position as regional centres was weakened. Also, with the restructuring of the municipalities in Denmark in 2007 and the closure of several...

  7. [The health status of children from industrial towns due ambient air pollution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meĭbaliev, M T

    2008-01-01

    The author's observations suggest that hygienic monitoring in an industrial city should be made in two areas: 1) ambient air quality and 2) human health. Ambient air quality should be monitored in each town in accordance with an individual program, by taking into account the volume and nature of hazardous substances from the stationary stations, as well as weather conditions, the planning system of residential areas, and the layout of an industrial zone. Monitoring of the population's health in the industrial town should be adapted to the forms and conditions of ambient air quality monitoring in order to reveal environmental pollution-induced changes.

  8. What is a Korean officetel? Case study on Bundang New Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilien Gohaud

    2017-06-01

    Bundang is a satellite new town of Seoul, and its development coincides with that of the officetel. With this town as a case study, we clarify the concept of the officetel and analyze the different architectural forms it has generated. We use 12 representative cases to analyze the internal structure of the officetel and its relation to the city. We demonstrate that the officetel is a unique housing type, and its peculiar characteristics are related to its origin in office buildings. Such characteristics as high density, compactness, urban compatibility, and versatility should be valorized in the search for new urban housing forms in Korea.

  9. Improved Security Via ''Town Crier'' Monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnston, R. G.; Garcia, A. R. E.; Pacheco, A. N.

    2003-02-26

    Waste managers are increasingly expected to provide good security for the hazardous materials they marshal. Good security requires, among other things, effective tamper and intrusion detection. We have developed and demonstrated a new method for tamper and intrusion detection which we call the ''town crier method''. It avoids many of the problems and vulnerabilities associated with traditional approaches, and has significant advantages for hazardous waste transport. We constructed two rudimentary town crier prototype systems, and tested them for monitoring cargo inside a truck. Preliminary results are encouraging.

  10. Towns with extremely low mortality due to ischemic heart disease in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medrano María

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The cause of coronary disease inframortality in Spain is unknown. The aim of this study is to identify Spanish towns with very low ischemic heart disease mortality, describe their health and social characteristics, and analyze the relationship with a series of contextual factors. Methods We obtained the number of deaths registered for each of 8,122 Spanish towns in the periods 1989-1998 and 1999-2003. Expected deaths, standardized mortality ratio (SMR, smoothed Relative Risk (RR, and Posterior Probability (PP of RR > 1 were calculated using Bayesian hierarchical models. Inframortality was defined as any town that displayed an RR below the 10th percentile, an SMR of under 1 for both sexes, and a PP of RR > 1 less than or equal to 0.002 for male and 0.005 for female mortality, during the two periods covered. All the remaining towns, except for those with high mortality classified as "tourist towns", were selected as controls. The association among socioeconomic, health, dietary, lifestyle and vascular risk factors was analyzed using sequential mixed logistic regression models, with province as the random-effects variable. Results We identified 32 towns in which ischemic heart disease mortality was half the national rate and four times lower than the European Union rate, situated in lightly populated provinces spread across the northern half of Spain, and revealed a surprising pattern of geographic aggegation for 23 of the 32 towns. Variables related with inframortality were: a less aged population (OR 0.93, 95% CI 0.89-0.99; a contextual dietary pattern marked by a high fish content (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.38-3.28 and wine consumption (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.08-2.07; and a low prevalence of obesity (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.22-1.01; and, in the case of towns of over 1000 inhabitants, a higher physician-population ratio (OR 3.80, 95% CI 1.17-12.3. Conclusions Results indicate that dietary and health care factors have an influence on

  11. Study on Network System Construction of Forest Ecological in Huaining New Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANGQingfeng; WUZemin; WANGJianan; HUANGChenglin; LIBao; QIANNimiao

    2004-01-01

    Urban forest is an important composition and the window and soul of modern cities, which has a close relationship with ecological environment and investing environment. So urban forest has been constructed in China. Huaining County could hold of the historical opportunity and come up with the great blueprint of forest ecological network system construction for the new town. This paper mainly introduces the guiding ideas, principles, goals and overall layouts of the construction in the new town, and hope that it will be a model for other county-level forest ecological network system construction in China.

  12. An Analysis of Wind Power Development in the Town of Hull, MA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adams, Christopher

    2013-06-30

    Over the past three decades the Town of Hull, MA has solidified its place in U.S. wind energy history through its leadership in community-based generation. This is illustrated by its commissioning of the first commercial-scale wind turbine on the Atlantic coastline, the first suburban-sited turbine in the continental United States, pursuit of community-based offshore wind, and its push toward creating an energy independent community. The town's history and demographics are briefly outlined, followed by experience in projects to provide wind power, including pre-construction and feasibility efforts, financial aspects, and market/industry factors.

  13. Improved Security Via ''Town Crier'' Monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnston, R. G.; Garcia, A. R. E.; Pacheco, A. N.

    2003-02-26

    Waste managers are increasingly expected to provide good security for the hazardous materials they marshal. Good security requires, among other things, effective tamper and intrusion detection. We have developed and demonstrated a new method for tamper and intrusion detection which we call the ''town crier method''. It avoids many of the problems and vulnerabilities associated with traditional approaches, and has significant advantages for hazardous waste transport. We constructed two rudimentary town crier prototype systems, and tested them for monitoring cargo inside a truck. Preliminary results are encouraging.

  14. An epidemiological survey of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Sahafa Town, Sudan.

    OpenAIRE

    1992-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to determine the prevalence of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease and to initiate a programme of secondary prophylaxis in Sahafa Town, Sudan. DESIGN--The study was a prospective case finding survey, carried out by a specially trained team headed by a cardiologist. SETTING--The study involved high risk school children (5-15 years of age) from Sahafa Town in the period 1986-1989. SUBJECTS--A total of 13,332 children on the school registers (7892 boys and 54...

  15. Neuropsychological tests and driving in dementia: a review of the recent literature Testes neuropsicológicos e direção na demência: uma revisão da literatura recente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Thereza Silva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Neuropsychological tests measure several aspects of cognition and are useful to evaluate elderly drivers with cognitive impairment. However, there is no consensus on a standard battery of tests that could accurately predict safe driving. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to review specific neuropsychological measures that may be useful to predict driving competence of demented individuals. METHOD: To address neuropsychologicaltests used for dementia and the ability to drive, the authors searched for the keywords dementia, Alzheimer's, drive, driver, drivers, driving, tests, neuropsychological, and assessment, in Medline, PubMed, ISI and SciELO databases seeking articles from 2000 to 2008. RESUTLS: From 131 articles, 27 met the inclusion criteria. Porteus Maze, Clock drawing, Trail B, UFOV and NAB Tests were found to be the most relevant neuropsychological measures for the evaluation of fitness to drive. CONCLUSION: Porteus Maze, Clock Drawing, Trail B, UFOV and NAB tests highlight visuospatial attention demands and/ or executive function. Those and other visuospatial and executive measures may be useful to predict driving competence of demented individuals.INTRODUÇÃO: Testes neuropsicológicos aferem diversos aspectos de cognição e são úteis para avaliar motoristas idosos que apresentam déficits cognitivos. Entretanto, ainda não existe consenso sobre uma bateria de testes capaz de apurar com eficiência os riscos de dirigir. Objetivo. O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar medidas neuropsicológicas específicas, capazes de prognosticar competência para dirigir em indivíduos com demência. MÉTODOS: Para identificar testes neuropsicológicos que predizem habilidade para dirigir, os autores intersectaram as palavras-chave: demência, Alzheimer, dirigir, condutor, condutores, direção, testes, neuropsicológicos e avaliação nas bases Medline, Pubmed, ISI e Scielo, buscando artigos entre os anos 2000 e 2008. RESULTADOS

  16. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 FileGDB 10.1

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  17. A Decrease in Suicide Rates in Japanese Rural Towns after Community-Based Intervention by the Health Promotion Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motohashi, Yutaka; Kaneko, Yoshihiro; Sasaki, Hisanaga

    2007-01-01

    A community-based intervention study for suicide prevention was conducted in six towns (total population 43,964) in Akita Prefecture of Japan according to a quasi-experimental design to reduce suicide rates in rural towns. Public awareness raising activities using a health promotion approach emphasizing the empowerment of residents and civic…

  18. Analysis on Spatial Pattern of Land Use Based on Fractal Theory:A Case Study of a Southwest Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haixia; LUO; Kai; LUO; Lusheng; YE; Wenqing; CHEN; Zhengshan; LI

    2013-01-01

    Based on GIS,RS technology and fractal theory,this paper analyzes land use type of a southwest town in 2010. It obtains fractal model,fractal dimension and stability index of land use types,which will provide favorable reference for healthy social and economic development of this town and scientific decision making for rational control of land resource.

  19. 75 FR 21006 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled: ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices...

  20. 75 FR 40844 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled: ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices...

  1. 75 FR 24718 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for...) is announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center...

  2. PATIAL SCALE-LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION OF ARCHITECTURAL AND TOWN PLANNING OBJECTS IN THE LIGHT OF THE..

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Елена Алексеевна Фаворская

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this article formation of large-scale and spatial levels of the organization of architectural town-planning objects, perceptions of three types of scale determined by character is considered: tactile perception (invoice, texture, object perception, visual and fragmentary perception of town-planning object.

  3. Predictors of physical activity among rural and small town breast cancer survivors: an application of the theory of planned behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallance, Jeff K; Lavallee, Celeste; Culos-Reed, Nicole S; Trudeau, Marc G

    2012-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to investigate the utility of the two-component theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in understanding physical activity intentions and behaviour in rural and small town breast cancer survivors. The secondary objective was to elicit the most common behavioural, normative and control beliefs of rural and small town survivors regarding physical activity. Using a cross-sectional survey design, 524 rural and small town breast cancer survivors completed a mailed survey that assessed physical activity and TPB variables. Physical activity intention explained 12% of the variance in physical activity behaviour (p activity intention (p activity determinants among rural and small town breast cancer survivors. These data can be used in the development and establishment of physical activity behaviour interventions and health promotion materials designed to facilitate physical activity behaviour among rural and small town breast cancer survivors.

  4. Safety Assessment of Heavy Metal in Tea Garden Soil: A Case Study of Specialized Tea Towns in Guangdong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiushuang; WANG; Caijin; LING; Shumei; LIU; Junxi; CAO; Jinsong; ZHANG; Chaoyi; ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    More than 20 soil samples were collected from tea gardens of specialized tea towns in Guangdong,including Fenglang Town and Fengshun Town in Meizhou City,Changshan Town in Lianjiang City,Fenghuang Town in Chaozhou City.Content of 6 types of heavy metal (Cr,Cu,Pb,As,Cd,Hg) in tea garden soil was measured.On the basis of these,the safety was assessed.Results show that the comprehensive pollution index of these 6 types of heavy metal is lower than 0.7.According to Soil Pollution Grading Standard formulated by China Green Food Development Center,the soil is not polluted by heavy metal and remains at safety level.It proves that overall soil condition of specialized tea gardens in Guangdong Province is not polluted by heavy metal.

  5. Ciência, técnica e as expedições da marinha de guerra norteamericana, U.S. Navy, em direção à América Latina (1838-1901 Science, techniques, and U.S. naval expeditions toward Latin America (1838-1901

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary A. Junqueira

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo mapear as expedições realizadas pela U. S. Navy - a marinha de guerra dos Estados Unidos - em direção à América Latina, no século XIX. Foram realizadas doze viagens no período, mostrando o interesse norte-americano pela região desde a década de 1830.This article focuses on U.S. Navy expeditions set a course from United States to Latin America in nineteenth century. Twelve expeditions as a whole were accomplished in that period, showing the American concern in that region, since 1830 decade.

  6. The Town Hall Meeting: Imagining a Self through Public-Sphere Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swiencicki, Jill; Fosen, Chris; Burton, Sofie; Gonder, Justin; Wolf, Thia

    2011-01-01

    What lasting impact could a required general education writing course have on students' well-being? The authors examined this question in the context of the California State University- Chico Town Hall Meeting, a campus event sponsored jointly by the Academic Writing Program and the First-Year Experience Program from 2006 to 2009. In the Town…

  7. National Spatial Development Perspective (NSDP) and assumptions on small town economic investment by government

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oranje, M

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available What matters from the perspective of the NSDP is whether an area has the potential to grow economically in a sustainable way, create jobs and alleviate poverty. If small towns have such potential, there is nothing that precludes such investment...

  8. Indicating street vitality in excavated towns: Spatial configurative analyses applied to Pompeii

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Nes, A.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this contribution is to show how it is possible to indicate degrees of street life and economic attractiveness in excavated towns through micro- and macro-spatial configurative analyses. The space syntax method is able to calculate the spatial configuration of built environments and

  9. Peripheral zones of towns in Serbian spatial and urban planning: The case of Valjevo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maksin-Mićić Marija

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available With unplanned and uncontrolled development there have emerged the whole development rings encircling the towns of Serbia. One of the key questions in producing a Spatial plan for municipality or a Master plan for an urban settlement is the issue of control, arrangement and territorial development especially in the peripheral zones of towns. In this paper it is analyzed the approach, problems and decision-making in preparing such strategic plans in terms of rehabilitation, organization and improvement of the quality of life in the peripheral town zones. Decisions which are presented here have been tested on examples of the Spatial plan for Municipality, Master plan of the urban center, and on General regulation plan for a part of the peripheral zone of Valjevo. Starting from the analyzed General regulation plan, it is pointed to the necessary level in details of planning decisions, in order to make timely reservation of space for the purposes of infrastructure servicing and arrangement of the peripheral zone. Since there are almost two decades without an adequate implementation of the already made planning decisions this paper brings out a proposal for substantiation of a special program for the peripheral town zone's rehabilitation, which should be the outcome of the local population initiative and self-organization within neighborhood communities, with provision of the local government support.

  10. 'Defending our honour': Authenticity and the framing of resistance in the Iraqi Sunni town of Falluja

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, R.

    2004-01-01

    In April 2004 a revolt broke out against the American occupation in the Iraqi Sunni town of Falluja. Besides a military confrontation, it was also a war of words how to conceptualise the clash of interests and values of the indigenous population in opposition to those of the American occupation. At

  11. A Taxonomy of Well-Being for Small-Town Elderly: A Case for Rural Diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheidt, Rick J.

    1984-01-01

    Describes the development of a taxonomy of social and psychological well-being for 900 elderly small town residents. Compares the four largest groups (partially engaged, fully engaged, disengaged, and frail) in terms of mental and physical health, contact with others, and activity. (JAC)

  12. Understanding Campus and Community Relationships through Marriage and Family Metaphors: A Town-Gown Typology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavazzi, Stephen M.; Fox, Michael; Martin, Jeff

    2014-01-01

    In this article we argue that the scholarship on marriages and families provides invaluable insights into town-gown relationships. Marital typologies are used to generate insights into what happens between campus and community relationships over time, and a line of family scholarship provides some additional illumination about the ways in which…

  13. Paired Border Towns or TwinCities from Finland and China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Riitta Kosonen; Xu Feng; Erja Kettunen

    2008-01-01

    This paper discusses cross-border cooperation at the level of urban socio-economic systems.Worldwide,cross-border urban cooperation has in several cases produced socio-economic and political coherence supported by various joint programs and efforts.However,the degree of coherence varies and seldom creates socio-economically and politically tightly integrated "TwinCities" where the state border becomes highly transparent or obscure.Focusing on Finland and China,our aim is to identify whether the selected border towns represent coherent TwinCities or a more loose type of "paired border towns".The study uses an empirical examination of three Finnish towns (Helsinki,Tomio,Imatra) and their neighboring towns in Estonia,Sweden,and Russia as a benchmark.Then,a comparative study is made regarding three Chinese eross-border cities facing Russia,Vietnam and Kazakhstan.We highlight the differences in cross-border integration from the viewpoint of shared public sector programs,cross-border enterprise relocation and networking,and integrated social sector in terms of labor market,education and shopping area.

  14. Language Policy as a Sociocultural Tool: Insights from the University of Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karjalainen, Magda

    2016-01-01

    This theoretically oriented article draws on the author's previous research, which examined language policy and planning (LPP) of the University of Cape Town within the context of post-apartheid transformation driven by need to redress inequalities of the past, and demands of globalization. Drawing on critical linguistics, but indicating…

  15. Young People, Social Exclusion and Inter-Generational Tension in a Rural Somerset Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meek, Rosie

    2008-01-01

    This article seeks to explore how the myth of the "rural idyll" can be detrimental to those who currently experience some of the greatest social exclusion in rural areas--children and young people. The research explores the views and experiences of the young residents of a small town in the south-west of England (n = 157, ages 12-18…

  16. Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  17. Rethinking Ostia : a spatial enquiry into the urban society of Rome's imperial port-town

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stöger, Johanna

    2011-01-01

    Rethinking Ostia presents an archaeological and spatial approach to Roman urbanism, focused on Rome’s port city. The study proceeds along the route of a ‘spatial investigation’, offering a fresh look and detailed insights into the past society and the built environment of this port town. Following a

  18. The forced dislocation of gypsy people from the town of Bayramic, Canakkale in 1970

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Özateşler, Gül

    2012-01-01

    This oral project draws upon Gypsies’ and non-Gypsies’ narratives of forced dislocation from the town of Bayramic in 1970 with a focus on the recruitment of categories of Gypsyness and Turkishness. It reveals different perspectives and memory constructions along with the positions taken in the attac

  19. Electoral Politics and Visions of Community: Jimmy Carter, Virtue, and the Small Town Myth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ronald

    1995-01-01

    States that progressive and conservative voices in America have argued whether national or local community could assure a virtuous citizenry. Describes how Jimmy Carter invented a progressive discourse shaped by the small town myth in his 1976 presidential campaign. Examines the failure of the big city myth and the ideological paradox of the small…

  20. The handling of fruit reefer containers in the Cape Town container terminal

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Goedhals-Gerber, LL

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available -SCM2014 XII International Logistics and Supply Chain Congress - "Supply Chains of the Future", Istanbul, Turkey, 30- 31 October 2014 The handling of fruit reefer containers in the Cape Town container terminal Leila L. Goedhals-Gerber1, Christo Stander...

  1. Teaching Medieval Towns: Group Exercises, Individual Presentations and Self-Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, Andrew; Gunn, Vicky

    2002-01-01

    Examines the use of innovative collaborative small group activities in a Medieval History undergraduate honors course. Discusses student evaluations and feedback from a focus group to investigate the use of group exercises that involve the construction of three-dimensional models of medieval towns and the use of self-assessment. (Author/LRW)

  2. A Multi-view Interpretation of Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Jie

    2015-01-01

    Stephen Leacock's masterpiece Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town is considered as one of the most enduring classics of Canadian humorous literature.This paper discusses the novel from the viewpoints of character analysis,Mariposa understanding and humor explanation to help the readers gain a better knowledge.

  3. Analysis on the environmental problems accompanying the high-speed urbanization of small towns in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The environmental problems accompanying the rapid urbanization of many small towns like Keqiao, SHaoxing County, and their countermeasures are presented. To settle these problems rationally as well as effectively will not only conduce to boost the environmental quality and life quality of cities, but also help to promote the development of regional economy and the realization of sustainable development.

  4. Sanitation services for the informal settlements of Cape Town, South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mels, A.R.; Castellano, D.; Braadbaart, O.D.; Veenstra, S.; Dijkstra, I.; Meulman, B.; Singels, A.; Wilsenach, J.A.

    2009-01-01

    Sanitation coverage in the informal settlements of Cape Town is severely lagging behind. A recent inventory showed that the main barriers to the implementation of proper sanitation systems are unsuitability of the location of many settlements (more than 40% of the sites are located on private land,

  5. The Tangled Web: Investigating Academics' Views of Plagiarism at the University of Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jager, Karin; Brown, Cheryl

    2010-01-01

    This article considers the problematic question of student plagiarism, its causes and manifestations, and how it is addressed in academic environments. A literature survey was conducted to establish how higher education institutions approach these issues, and a twofold investigation was conducted at the University of Cape Town. Data was gathered…

  6. Analysis on the environmental problems accompanying the high-speed urbanization of small towns in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Lei; Ge, Jian; Hua, Ying

    2002-01-01

    The environmental problems accompanying the rapid urbanization of many small towns like Keqiao, Shaoxing County of China and their countermeasures are presented. To settle these problems rationally as well as effectively will not only conduce to boost the environmental quality and life quality of cities, but also help to promote the development of regional economy and the realization of sustainable development.

  7. Options for Water, Energy and Chemical Savings for Finitex, Cape Town

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Zsig; Wenzel, Henrik

    An analysis of the options identified for saving of water, energy and chemicals was conducted at Finitex, Cape Town on the 18th October 2002. Cost savings were calculated from an estimation of the reduction in cost of water, energy and chemical usage associated with various interventions. Capital...

  8. Risk Factors for Drug Abuse among Nepalese Samples Selected from a Town of Eastern Nepal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niraula, Surya Raj; Chhetry, Devendra Bahadur; Singh, Girish Kumar; Nagesh, S.; Shyangwa, Pramod Mohan

    2009-01-01

    The study focuses on the serious issue related to the adolescents' and adults' behavior and health. It aims to identify the risk factors for drug abuse from samples taken from a town of Eastern Nepal. This is a matched case-control study. The conditional logistic regression method was adopted for data analysis. The diagnosis cut off was determined…

  9. Secondary Program, Report #4, Volume I. Fort Lincoln New Town Education System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Learning Corp., Washington, DC.

    Since the secondary facilities are not expected to be built until at least 1975, planning and description cannot be as detailed as they were for the First Facility of the Fort Lincoln New Town (FLNT) education system. In attempting to provide a model for a secondary program this report (Vol. I of 2 Volumes) addresses all the major issues that must…

  10. Midterm Report Revised. Report #3, Volume 1. Fort Lincoln New Town Education System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Learning Corp., Washington, DC.

    Volume I, (Education Plan) of the Midterm Report is a detailed description of the goals, objectives, materials, and activities of the Fort Lincoln New Town (FLNT) elementary school curriculum and includes placement, recordkeeping, and reporting procedures; and provision for special education and pupil personnel services. References are made to…

  11. Toward spatial justice : The spatial equity effects of a toll road in Cape Town, South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, Justin; Krygsman, Stephan; de Jong, Tom

    2015-01-01

    The present study sets out to provide an ex ante insight into the equity effects of a toll charge on the traffic diversions and geographical accessibility of work locations in the Cape Town metropolitan region, South Africa. Based on a static traffic assignment model and aggregate accessibility

  12. Analysis of Early Childhood Development (ECD) facilities within the city of Cape Town

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mokgalaka, H

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The accessibility mapping of Early Childhood Development (ECD) facilities within the City of Cape Town is part of a larger accessibility audit and facility planning exercise for a range of community social services undertaken by CSIR for the City...

  13. Fort Lincoln School Cost Model and Funding for Comprehensive Plan. Fort Lincoln New Town Education System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Bonnie; And Others

    As part of the overall education plans for Fort Lincoln New Town (FLNT) an automated school cost model was developed. Chapter 1 overviews the FLNT model's features and sets its operational context, while chapter 2 discusses the model in detail. The appendices provide model inputs and cost calculations, names of approximately 500 inputs used in the…

  14. Comprehensive Planning for an Education System. Report #2, Definition Summary. Fort Lincoln New Town Education System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Learning Corp., Washington, DC.

    Presented are program alternatives for operating an innovative school system for Fort Lincoln New Town (FLNT) in Washington, D.C. General Learning Corp (GLC), retained by the school system, offers this report of the "definition phase" of the planning effort during which community residents, D.C. Schools, Government agencies, GLC, and others…

  15. Intervening in Children's Involvement in Gangs: Views of Cape Town's Young People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Catherine L.; Bakhuis, Karlijn

    2010-01-01

    Gangs have a long history in Cape Town and children tend to begin involvement around age 12. Children's views on causes of children's involvement in gangs and appropriate interventions, were sought for inclusion in policy recommendations. Thirty focus group discussions were held with in- and out-of-school youth in different communities.…

  16. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  17. Introductory Astronomy Course at the University of Cape Town: Probing Student Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajpaul, Vinesh; Allie, Saalih; Blyth, Sarah-Louise

    2014-01-01

    We report on research carried out to improve teaching and student engagement in the introductory astronomy course at the University of Cape Town. This course is taken by a diverse range of students, including many from educationally disadvantaged backgrounds. We describe the development of an instrument, the Introductory Astronomy Questionnaire…

  18. The MobiSan approach: informal settlements of Cape Town, South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Naranjo, A.; Castellano, D.; Kraaijvanger, H.; Meulman, B.; Mels, A.R.; Zeeman, G.

    2010-01-01

    Pook se Bos informal settlement and the Cape Town Water & Sanitation Services Department are partnering on an urban sanitation project with a Dutch Consortium consisting of Lettinga Associates Foundation (LeAF), Landustrie Sneek and Vitens-Evides International. The aim of the project is to impro

  19. Town ants: the beginning of John Moser’s remarkable search for knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    J.P. Barnett; D.A. Streett; S.R. Blomquist

    2016-01-01

    John C. Moser’s career spans over 50 years, and his research has focused on understanding the biology of town ants (Atta texana) and phoretic mites and other associates of ants and pine bark beetles. His approach to developing methods for the control of these pests has been to understand more completely the biology of these organisms. This research...

  20. The making of middle Indonesia: middle classes in Kupang Town, 1930s-1980s

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Klinken, G.

    2014-01-01

    What holds Indonesia together? 'A strong leader' is the answer most often given. This book looks instead at a middle level of society. Middle classes in provincial towns around the vast archipelago mediate between the state and society and help to constitute state power. 'Middle Indonesia' is a

  1. Defying Monolingual Education: Alternative Bilingual Discourse Practices in Selected Coloured Schools in Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banda, Felix

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores how bilingual learners and teachers challenge the monolingual discourses prescribed in language education policy and models in pursuit of voice and agency in classroom interaction. Through an examination of observation, interview and classroom interaction data in selected coloured primary and secondary schools in Cape Town, the…

  2. Community-based Flood Risk Assessment using GIS for the Town of San Sebastian, Guatemala

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters-Guarin, G.; van Westen, C.J.; Montoya, L.

    2005-01-01

    The municipality of San Sebastián, considered one of the most prone to natural hazards in Guatemala, was selected as one of the pilot areas of the UNESCO program on “Capacity Building for Natural Disaster Reduction‿. The town is located within the Samalá basin, near the active channel of the river,

  3. University, Town of Blacksburg partner on FutureForward Blacksburg project

    OpenAIRE

    Fay, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    The university and the Town of Blacksburg have recently submitted a joint application named "FutureForward Blacksburg" for Google's "Think Big with a Gig" experiment to build ultra-high speed fiber to the home networks in a number of locations across the country.

  4. Pricing landfill externalities: emissions and disamenity costs in Cape Town, South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Nahman, Anton

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to estimate the external costs of landfilling in the City of Cape Town, using the benefits transfer method (for emissions) and the hedonic pricing method (for disamenities). The results show that external costs are significant...

  5. The Spiral Gallery: Non-Market Creativity and Belonging in an Australian Country Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waitt, Gordon; Gibson, Chris

    2013-01-01

    This paper seeks to explore creative practice in an Australian country town, and in so doing, to unsettle market-orientated interpretations of creativity that privilege the urban. Instead of focusing on creative practice as a means to develop industries, we focus on how creativity is a means to establish a cooperative gallery space that helps to…

  6. Strategic regulation of structural transformations in the economy of the single-industry town: methodological aspect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Borisovich Rotenberg

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the problems of strategic regulation of the structural transformations processes in the single-industry towns’ economy. The author substantiates the view that its future economic development directly depends on the activity of the town-forming enterprise and presents the algorithm of restructuring program formation. The contents of the main algorithm blocks (stages are studied in detail. According to the author, the fundamental point in the proposed algorithm is to evaluate the features of the town-forming enterprise in ensuring the implementation of the social objectives of town development. This issue is in focus. The author indicates the necessity to develop the enterprise restructuring program and single out the best option to diversify the town’s profile economic structure. In this regard, the article suggests the schematic diagram of the choice and objectives of effective diversification option. According to the author, the options generation procedure for the diversification profile structure of single-industry towns’ economy should base on the strategic analysis of the town’s economic capacity to identify the competitive advantages of single-industry towns and possible barriers to diversification processes. The author notes that the options implementation will require various types of resources and first of all, investment, labor, energy and land ones. The article provides detailed recommendations on this issue

  7. [A modification factor of spontaneous chromosomal aberrations in miner's towns and settlements].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volkov, A V; Golovina, T A; Minina, V I; Mokrushina, N V; Druzhinin, V G; Glushkov, A N; Shabaldin, A V

    2006-01-01

    The level and qualitative spectrum of spontaneous chromosomal aberrations (CA) were comparatively analyzed in the lymphocytes of 655 children and adolescents from the Kemerovo Region. The presented sample was divided into 3 groups according to the type of an inhabited locality: 1) small miner's towns; 2) large industrial towns; and 3) rural localities. The maximum frequency of CA (3.77 +/- 0.22%) was noted in a group of dwellers in the miner's towns; its minimum frequency (2.68 +/- 0.17%) among the rural inhabitants. The significant clastogenic effects (including the markers of radiation exposure) were detected in the miner's towns located in the southern part of the region, which represented mountain and submountain areas. At the same time, in the northern and western parts of the Kemerovo Region, the average frequencies of CA in children and adolescents did not exceed the control background values. Thus, the residence in the inhabited localities specializing in mining is not a factor of absolute toxicogenetic risk.

  8. Where Has Class Gone? The Pervasiveness of Class in Girls' Physical Activity in a Rural Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyth, John; Mooney, Amanda; Casey, Meghan

    2014-01-01

    This paper seeks to animate discussion around how social class operates with adolescent girls from low socio-economic status backgrounds to shape and inform their decisions about participation in physical activity (PA) inside and outside of school. Examining the instance of girls in a single secondary school in an Australian regional town, the…

  9. Negotiated Communities: A Stakeholder Approach to Understanding Town-Gown Relations during Periods of Campus Expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence-Hughes, Dorine Lynelle

    2014-01-01

    More colleges and universities are expanding to attract more students, to increase their academic standing and to generate revenue. Recent court decisions and negative publicity concerning large university real estate development projects, coupled with the entrenched ambivalence and even distrust that may characterize town-gown relationships,…

  10. The Effects of Community Violence on Children in Cape Town, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, Nancy; Nadasen, Kathy; Pierce, Lois

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The primary objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between exposure to community violence (neighborhood, school, police, and gang violence) and psychological distress in a sample of children living in the Cape Town, South Africa area. Another objective was to identify variables that moderate and mediate the…

  11. Developing a Strategic Approach to Social Responsiveness at the University of Cape Town, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favish, Judith; McMillan, Janice; Ngcelwane, Sonwabo V.

    2012-01-01

    Collaborative community-engaged scholarship has roots in many parts of the world, and engaged practitioners and researchers are increasingly finding each other and sharing resources globally. This article focuses on a "social responsiveness" initiative at the University of Cape Town. Its story, told here by three University of Cape Town…

  12. Education, Ethnic Homogenization and Cultural Hybridization (Brussels, Belgium, and Cape Town, South Africa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leman, Johan, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    The eight chapters of this theme issue examine the ways in which autochthonous communities regard the supply side of education. The supply side is segregational in nature, and immigrants themselves move toward ethnic homogenization. The focus is on urban minorities in Brussels (Belgium). Compares the situation in Cape Town (South Africa). (SLD)

  13. A Principal's Perspective of School Integration: The First School To Integrate in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieder, Alan

    2001-01-01

    Presents the historical context of Cape Town, South Africa, and its struggles against apartheid and apartheid education. It offers a case study of Allen Powell, a white teacher and administrator who worked to integrate Plumstead High School, an act that defied South African commonplace and the views of most white South Africans. Analyzes Powell's…

  14. Disrespecting Teacher: The Decline in Social Standing of Teachers in Cape Town, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammett, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the declining levels of respect for teachers in two communities in Cape Town, South Africa. Education has been identified as a key area of reform and redress, but a critical skills shortage and under-resourced schools are hindering progress. Data from current and former teachers illustrate how the social and institutional…

  15. Child Abuse Services at a Children's Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argent, Andrew C.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    All child abuse-related patients (n=503) seen at 1 Cape Town (South Africa) hospital over a 1-year period were reviewed. Abuse was confirmed in 389 cases (160 physical abuse and 229 sexual abuse). Most (81 percent) of the young children were seen by residents with minimal pediatric training. Lack of staff speaking Xhosa (spoken by 134 of the…

  16. Methamphetamine Use and Sexual Risk Behavior among High School Students in Cape Town, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pluddemann, Andreas; Flisher, Alan J.; McKetin, Rebecca; Parry, Charles D.; Lombard, Carl J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate whether methamphetamine use is associated with sexual risk behavior among adolescents. Method: A cross-sectional survey of 1,561 male and female high school students in Cape Town (mean age 14.9 years) was conducted using items from the Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT) HIV Risk Scale. Results:…

  17. Differences of Street Connectivity Between Old And New Zones In Malaysian Small Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Said

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available From the period before Malaysia’s independence until now, there are two significant characteristics of the town formed in small town. Pedestrian behavior in the streets is affected by the connectivity existed from the pattern of the street network of a town. Thus, the existing of characteristics of new and old zone require pedestrian to travel differently in those environments. By considering a small town consists of the old and new zone and population between 30,000 to 100,000, street network of Bandar Teluk Intan, Perak was selected. Three sets of data were produced from the land use map and Google Map image, then analyzed it using UCL Depthmap 10. Firstly, solid and void data was used in Visibility graph analysis to measure street connectivity from pedestrian visualization. Second data which convex space data used in Convex space graph analysis to measure street connectivity of spaces in street network that offer pedestrian interaction. Axial-line data is the third data was used in Axial-line graph analysis to measure street connectivity from pedestrian movement in street network. Finding shows that in old zone, junctions act as a connector to other streets when pedestrian visualize during travel, space in square and market chosen as meeting place, and main road as a guide when pedestrian move. In new zone, main road is a connecting feature for pedestrian because it's easy to find, connect with most streets, and the possible space to meet people during travel.

  18. International Female Students' Experiences of Navigating the Canadian Health Care System in a Small Town Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, K.; McKenzie, W.; Fehr, F.

    2016-01-01

    This pilot study explored the international female (IF) students' (n = 17) lived experiences of health care accessibility while studying in a small town in Canada. Analysis guided by a phenomenological method resulted in three major themes--(1) after arriving to attend university, IF students experienced challenges in staying healthy, such as…

  19. Existentialism at Home, Determinism Abroad: A Small-Town Mexican American Kid Goes Global

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Joe Robert

    2009-01-01

    In this essay, Joe Robert Gonzalez describes the process of his own growth as a Mexican American from Brownsville, Texas, who attended Villanova University. Coming from a majority-minority town, Gonzalez identifies the importance of safe spaces for Mexican American youth, many of whom doubt their own potential to thrive within university settings.…

  20. The Tangled Web: Investigating Academics' Views of Plagiarism at the University of Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jager, Karin; Brown, Cheryl

    2010-01-01

    This article considers the problematic question of student plagiarism, its causes and manifestations, and how it is addressed in academic environments. A literature survey was conducted to establish how higher education institutions approach these issues, and a twofold investigation was conducted at the University of Cape Town. Data was gathered…

  1. The Town Hall Meeting: Imagining a Self through Public-Sphere Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swiencicki, Jill; Fosen, Chris; Burton, Sofie; Gonder, Justin; Wolf, Thia

    2011-01-01

    What lasting impact could a required general education writing course have on students' well-being? The authors examined this question in the context of the California State University- Chico Town Hall Meeting, a campus event sponsored jointly by the Academic Writing Program and the First-Year Experience Program from 2006 to 2009. In the Town…

  2. Introductory Astronomy Course at the University of Cape Town: Probing Student Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajpaul, Vinesh; Allie, Saalih; Blyth, Sarah-Louise

    2014-01-01

    We report on research carried out to improve teaching and student engagement in the introductory astronomy course at the University of Cape Town. This course is taken by a diverse range of students, including many from educationally disadvantaged backgrounds. We describe the development of an instrument, the Introductory Astronomy Questionnaire…

  3. Tobacco Town: Computational Modeling of Policy Options to Reduce Tobacco Retailer Density

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Douglas A.; Hammond, Ross A.; Combs, Todd; Sorg, Amy; Kasman, Matt; Mack-Crane, Austen; Ribisl, Kurt M.; Henriksen, Lisa

    2017-01-01

    Objectives To identify the behavioral mechanisms and effects of tobacco control policies designed to reduce tobacco retailer density. Methods We developed the Tobacco Town agent-based simulation model to examine 4 types of retailer reduction policies: (1) random retailer reduction, (2) restriction by type of retailer, (3) limiting proximity of retailers to schools, and (4) limiting proximity of retailers to each other. The model examined the effects of these policies alone and in combination across 4 different types of towns, defined by 2 levels of population density (urban vs suburban) and 2 levels of income (higher vs lower). Results Model results indicated that reduction of retailer density has the potential to decrease accessibility of tobacco products by driving up search and purchase costs. Policy effects varied by town type: proximity policies worked better in dense, urban towns whereas retailer type and random retailer reduction worked better in less-dense, suburban settings. Conclusions Comprehensive retailer density reduction policies have excellent potential to reduce the public health burden of tobacco use in communities. PMID:28398792

  4. Community-based Flood Risk Assessment using GIS for the Town of San Sebastian, Guatemala

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters-Guarin, G.; Westen, van C.J.; Montoya, L.

    2005-01-01

    The municipality of San Sebastián, considered one of the most prone to natural hazards in Guatemala, was selected as one of the pilot areas of the UNESCO program on “Capacity Building for Natural Disaster Reduction”. The town is located within the Samalá basin, near the active channel of the river,

  5. Opinions of medical students at the University of Cape Town on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    medical students at the University of Cape Town. Students from 1st to 5th year completed ... quently selected motivating factors were moral dissatisfaction ... both selection criteria and medical education; and the pro- ... sible effect of compulsory community service. .... prevent the departure of graduates to employment oppor-.

  6. A Multi-view Interpretation of Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li; Jie

    2015-01-01

    Stephen Leacock’s masterpiece Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town is considered as one of the most enduring classics of Canadian humorous literature.This paper discusses the novel from the viewpoints of character analysis,Mariposa understanding and humor explanation to help the readers gain a better knowledge.

  7. Regional new energy vision for Tadami Town; 2001 nendo Tadami machi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Tadami Town, Fukushima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the energy demand characteristics of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. Though there is not a great change through the year in town's demand for power, more power is necessary in winter for heating and lighting. As for demand for gas and oil, demand for heating oil reaches its peak in winter. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which would utilize snow for the dynamization of industries, and studies were conducted about the selection of items to be stored in snow rooms, selection of proper cold heat utilization systems, care to be taken in the designing of facilities, installation of snow rooms, development of specialty goods proper to the town, and so forth. Eco-school development was also studied as an environmental education project harmonizing with the local circumstances. Discussed for the fostering of welfare were an energy business for a Welfare House, snow handling measures linked to new energy utilization systems, and the like. (NEDO)

  8. New energy visions for the Town of Ichinohe district; Ichinohecho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Ichinohe, Iwate Pref. The town's population has been generally decreasing since 1975, from 21,433 to 17,906 in 1995. The town consumed energy totaling 288,691Gcal in 1998, of which the transportation sector accounts for 55%, followed by the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors, in this order, the industrial sector accounting for only 7%. The estimated new energy sources available to the town are wind power, power generated by temperature difference at rivers or using snow, solar energy, biomass energy and energy from wastes, in the order of quantity, totaling 137GWh/y as electrical power and 45.6Tcal/y as heat. The priority projects include making Ichinohe Primary School an eco-school, construction of a biomass demonstration plant in the Okunakayama district, introduction of a boiler firing wood chips at Okunakayama Heights, construction of a wind power mill at Takamori Heights, and introduction of new energies by the citizens. (NEDO)

  9. University and the Entrance Examinations in a Greek Provincial Town: A Bottom-Up Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benincasa, Luciana

    1998-01-01

    Focuses on the cultural meaning of university education and of participation in the extremely competitive entrance examinations to university, as viewed from a Greek provincial town. Notes that despite high graduate unemployment, university education and sitting for entrance examinations have important social status implications. (DSK)

  10. Rural Communities Matter: How PTAs Can Increase Parent Involvement in Our Nation's Small Towns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markell, Ginny

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the role of Parent Teacher Associations in increasing parent participation in rural and small town schools, noting facts about rural schools and describing how to reach out to parents and overcome such barriers as not feeling valued, not speaking English well, and not having transportation. (SM)

  11. Land sliding in the area of the town of Ocna Mures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pop, Elena

    2013-04-01

    Land sliding in the area of the town of Ocna Mures Situated near the center of Romania, the town of Ocna Mures, Alba county, once was considered a health resort. Positioned on the left bank of the river Mures, it has a most important natural asset - that is salt. This town began its growth around the year 1896 when the Sodium Product Plant came into being. From the salt extracted as brine they obtained different chlorine-sodium products. On the morning of December 22, 2010, a landslide occurred in the area close to the center of the town, causing a release of a great deal of salty water that soon formed a lake. During that day the big supermarket that was situated on the back of the sliding area collapsed into the crater of the newly formed salty lake. Due to this sliding the main road began to present huge cracks and it sank into the ground around 3 meters, along a length of 100 meters. Thus the asphalt wrinkled as a result of the landslide and one can no longer use the road. Together with my students I went to that area in order to study the alterations that were produced in the ground and to observe the efforts of the specialized workers trying to avoid a catastrophe. Thus we learned that a variety of corrections were needed: - The design and the installation of a barrier around that area in order to prevent more plain water to enter; - Stopping excavations of pebbles from the river Mures over an area of 5 kilometers up- and down-river of the town area; - The removal of the other salty lakes from the town area; - The new design of the sewer system of the town using resistant materials; - Increased capacity of the sewer system for industrial water and drainage from the abundant rains; - The planting of trees in the area in order to fix the ground and prevent new landslides; In order to establish the safety coefficient to protect the salt reserve due to its ubiquity they have to consult seismology specialists. Therefore they have to do all the necessary efforts in

  12. Restraining private vehicles in town centres. A handbook for those considering strategies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The desire and need to travel has shown an explosive growth in recent years and society has become more and more dependent on the motor car with all its harmful side effects such as congestion and air pollution and burgeoning use of energy. Nowhere is this more apparent than in town centres where limitations on space aggravate all the problems, and it is here that the necessity to limit the use of private cars is most urgent. In 1995, Energie-Cites, a network of local authorities interested in energy issues, proposed a project on this topic (RePriVe) as part of the PACTE programme, to the European Commission's Directorate General for Regional Policy. Six local authorities: Cork County Council in Ireland, Bridgend County Borough Council in Wales, Erlangen in Germany, Vejle in Denmark and Edessa and Menemeni in Greece, met to discuss and exchange experience on this issue in a project whose technical co-ordination was handled by Energie-Cites. The Authorities' own experience varies widely. Erlangen and Vejle have developed sophisticated traffic management arrangements for their towns, Porthcawl (in Bridgend CBC), Menemeni and Cork have started to introduce traffic management arrangements in small or suburban settlements, while in Bridgend town and Edessa the Authorities are considering how they can improve their towns following the construction of relief roads. Energie-Cites itself has made studies of how local authorities have responded to this challenge through the planning process. There are a number of conclusions that can be drawn from these studies. Firstly the barriers to action are largely political. While there are institutional barriers, with sufficient political will-power all local authorities can undertake effective action, and there is no size too small for action to be. Secondly, certain actions in medium and large size towns are likely to be more successful than others. Projects to encourage modal transfer to public transport are likely to be

  13. Geospatial Water Quality Analysis of Dilla Town, Gadeo Zone, Ethiopia - A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakhale, G. K.; Wakeyo, T. B.

    2015-12-01

    Dilla is a socio-economically important town in Ethiopia, established on the international highway joining capital cities of Ethiopia and Kenya. It serves as an administrative center of the Gedeo Zone in SNNPR region of Ethiopia accommodating around 65000 inhabitants and also as an important trade centre for coffee. Due to the recent developments and urbanization in town and surrounding area, waste and sewage discharge has been raised significantly into the water resources. Also frequent rainfall in the region worsens the problem of water quality. In this view, present study aims to analyze water quality profile of Dilla town using 12 physico-chemical parameters. 15 Sampling stations are identified amongst the open wells, bore wells and from surface water, which are being extensively used for drinking and other domestic purposes. Spectrophotometer is used to analyze data and Gaussian process regression is used to interpolate the same in GIS environment to represent spatial distribution of parameters. Based on observed and desirable values of parameters, water quality index (WQI); an indicator of weighted estimate of the quantities of various parameters ranging from 1 to 100, is developed in GIS. Higher value of WQI indicates better while low value indicates poor water quality. This geospatial analysis is carried out before and after rainfall to understand temporal variation with reference to rainfall which facilitates in identifying the potential zones of drinking water. WQI indicated that 8 out of 15 locations come under acceptable category indicating the suitability of water for human use, however remaining locations are unfit. For example: the water sample at main_campus_ustream_1 (site name) site has very low WQI after rainfall, making it unfit for human usage. This suggests undertaking of certain measures in town to enhance the water quality. These results are useful for town authorities to take corrective measures and ameliorate the water quality for human

  14. The Town Effect: Dynamic Interaction between a Group of Structures and Waves in the Ground

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uenishi, Koji

    2010-11-01

    In a conventional approach, the mechanical behaviour of a structure subjected to seismic or blast waves is treated separately from its surroundings, and in many cases, the dynamic coupling effect between multiple structures and the waves propagating in the ground is disregarded. However, if many structures are built densely in a developed urban area, this dynamic interaction may not become negligible. The first purpose of this contribution is to briefly show the effect of multiple interactions between waves and surface buildings in a town. The analysis is based on a recently developed, fully coupled, rigorous mathematical study, and for simplicity, each building in the town is represented by a rigid foundation, a mass at the top and an elastic spring that connects the foundation and mass. The buildings stand at regular spatial intervals on a linear elastic half-space and are subjected to two-dimensional anti-plane vibrations. It is found that the buildings in this model significantly interact with each other through the elastic ground, and the resonant (eigen) frequencies of the collective system (buildings or town) become lower than that of a single building with the same rigid foundation. This phenomenon may be called the “town effect” or “city effect.” Then, second, it is shown that the actual, unique structural damage pattern caused by the 1976 Friuli, Italy, earthquake may better be explained by this “town effect,” rather than by investigating the seismic performance of each damaged building individually. The results suggest that it may also be possible to evaluate the physical characteristics of incident seismic/blast waves “inversely” from the damage patterns induced to structures by the waves.

  15. Molecular Simulations As a Tool for Predicting Phase Equilibria and Transport Properties of Fluids Les simulations moléculaires comme outils pour prédire les équilibres de phases et les propriétés de transport des fluides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuchs A.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available koWe briefly review the molecular simulation methods which can be used to predict thermophysical properties of fluids and fluid mixtures. It is shown in this paper, on the one hand, how the Gibbs Ensemble Monte Carlo Method allows phase behavior predictions for real fluids under conditions for which experimental data are difficult or impossible to obtain. On the other hand, the molecular dynamics methods used for predicting transport properties of molecular fluids are described. Finally we discuss possible future applications of these methods. Dans cet article, nous passons brièvement en revue les méthodes de simulation moléculaire applicables à la prédiction des propriétés thermophysiques des fluides et des mélanges. Nous montrons, d'une part, comment la méthode de Monte-Carlo dans l'ensemble de Gibbs permet de prédire le comportement de phase de fluides réels dans des conditions telles que l'acquisition de données expérimentales serait difficile, voire impossible. D'autre part, nous décrivons les méthodes de dynamique moléculaire utilisées pour prédire les propriétés de transport de fluides moléculaires. Enfin, nous discutons le potentiel de ces méthodes pour les applications futures.

  16. The cultural and historical heritage of towns Trebinje and Jajce: A resource for the growth of tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guzijan Jasna

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the possibility of including cultural heritage in cultural and tourist development policies. The tourist potential of historically and artistically significant urban entities will be described and assessed in the paper, with a focus on the cases of Trebinje and Jajce two Bosnian and Herzegovinian towns with preserved historical town cores. The two towns were both founded in the Middle Ages and have developed to this day, with their urban areas continuously expanding and being built up. Their spatial and cultural historical complexes are diverse and multilayered, with various natural and man-made structures dating back to different epochs. They are the greatest cultural monuments and a testimony of the past, of the physical and spiritual development of these communities. Trebinje is an old town located at the intersection of various influences and interests, with a rich and long history which has altered not only the appearance and contents of its town core, but also its significance and its functional impact on the broader surroundings. The Old Town, a surviving historical complex, which originated in the Middle Ages and developed considerably under Turkish rule is one of Trebinje's tourist resources. Nowadays, tourism is becoming one of the world's most important industries, its appeal coming from the natural cultural and historical values of towns and cities. Due to that, the natural cultural and historical values of Trebinje and Jajce can be preserved only if their economic potential is also taken into account.

  17. No gynecologist in town: the gynecological care of women in rural Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lai LJ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Li-Jung Lai,1 Chia-Lin Chou,2 H Irene Su,3 Tzeng-Ji Chen,1,4 Li-Fang Chou,5 Yueh-Ching Chou,2,6,7 Shinn-Jang Hwang,1,8 Hann-Chin Yu9,10 1Department of Family Medicine, 2Department of Pharmacy, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Department of Reproductive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA; 4Institute of Hospital and Health Care Administration, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, 5Department of Public Finance, National Chengchi University, 6Department and Institute of Pharmacology, National Yang-Ming University, 7College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, 8Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 9Taipei Veterans General Hospital Hsinchu Branch, Hsinchu County, Taiwan; 10Department of Healthcare Management, Yuanpei University, Hsinchu, Taiwan Background: A shortage of gynecologists exists in many countries. Even within an affluent country, gynecological clinics might not be evenly distributed. The purpose of the study was to investigate the disparity in gynecological care between adult women living in towns with and without gynecologists in Taiwan.Methods: Data sources were the cohort datasets of the National Health Insurance Research Database, with claims data of 1 million beneficiaries in 2010. A woman’s residency was operationally inferred from the locations where she had most frequently visited physicians’ clinics or local community hospitals within the year.Results: In Taiwan, 145 (39.4% of 368 towns had no practicing gynecologist. Of 382,167 women with health care use in the datasets, 21,794 (5.7% lived in towns without a gynecologist. The overwhelming majority of these towns lay in sparsely populated, rural areas. During the year, 132,702 women (34.7% had sought medical help for gynecological diseases and 113,698 (29.8% had visited gynecologists for gynecological diseases. Women in towns without a gynecologist were less

  18. Mediated Da'wa: Ethics, Nationalism and the Everyday in South Indian Islam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Menon, N.R.

    2015-01-01

    How do we understand Islam as an anthropological object? While one answer to this question has highlighted the importance of Islam as a discursive tradition which seeks coherence in practices by returning to the scriptures (Qur’an and hadith), other research projects have focused on everyday lives

  19. Mediated Da'wa: Ethics, Nationalism and the Everyday in South Indian Islam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Menon, N.R.

    2015-01-01

    How do we understand Islam as an anthropological object? While one answer to this question has highlighted the importance of Islam as a discursive tradition which seeks coherence in practices by returning to the scriptures (Qur’an and hadith), other research projects have focused on everyday lives o

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, City, Town , Village Boundaries from Tax Parcel data & boundary surveys, Published in unknown, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Columbia County Wisconsin Land Information Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of unknown....

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Unincorporated communties and towns within Sedgwick County. Includes burgs such as Peck and Furley. Used primarily to support Public Safety map rolls., Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Sedgwick County, Kansas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Unincorporated township boundaries for all towns in the counties we serve., Published in 2003, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Prairie Land Electric COOP, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2003. It is...

  3. Infestation by the Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae mosquito in the town of Chapeco, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samara Tessaro Balsan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Dengue fever became a public health problem and it has caused concern among health professionals. This study aimed to evaluate the conditioning factors for the occurrence of dengue fever in the town of Chapeco, Santa Catarina, Brazil. One analyzed the information available on the Information System on Yellow Fever and Dengue Fever (SISFAD and conducted a survey through a semi-structured questionnaire applied to the population. The analyses indicate the association of infestation by the mosquito which transmits dengue to improperly handled garbage and to the rainwater collection deposit, as well as to the residential environment. The prevention of dengue in the town of Chapeco involves the implementation of public policies on health environmental education for proper separation and disposal of solid waste and improvements in the public water supply system. Educational campaigns aimed at care in the home environment are also needed.

  4. Health activism in Cape Town: a case study of the Health Workers Society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pick, W; Claassen, J W B; Le Grange, C A; Hussey, G D

    2012-03-02

    The Health Workers Society (HWS), founded in 1980, was one of several progressive health organisations that fought for a democratic health system in South Africa. We document the sociopolitical context within which it operated and some of its achievements. HWS, many of whose members were staff and students of the University of Cape Town (UCT), provided a forum for debate on health-related issues, politics and society, and worked closely with other organisations to oppose the apartheid state's health policies and practices. They assisted with the formation of the first dedicated trade union for all healthcare workers and were one of the first to pioneer the primary healthcare approach in an informal settlement in Cape Town.

  5. Solid waste characterization in Kétao, a rural town in Togo, West Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edjabou, Vincent Maklawe Essonanawe; Møller, Jacob; Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2012-01-01

    In Africa the majority of solid waste data is for big cities. Small and rural towns are generally neglected and waste data from these areas are often unavailable, which makes planning a proper solid waste management difficult. This paper presents the results from two waste characterization projects...... locally and do not enter the waste stream. The study suggests that additional recycling is not feasible, but further examination of the degradability of the organic fraction is needed in order to assess whether the residual waste should be composed or landfilled....... conducted in Kétao, a rural town in Togo during the rainy season and the dry season in 2010. The seasonal variation has a significant impact on the waste stream. The household waste generation rate was estimated at 0.22 kg person−1 day−1 in the dry season and 0.42 in the rainy season. Likewise, the waste...

  6. The town of Banjaluka as an example of system model of the environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crnogorac Čedomir B.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The recently conducted analysis of the conditions of the environment in the area of the town of Banjaluka has shown that there are many elements to hold the claim that the environment is endangered, so the whole of the picture is not a very bright one. Healthy and safe environment should be one of the most important goals to achieve in the future development of the town. It should pay attention to providing conditions to keep the production and dumping of dangerous polluters at acceptable level. Not only should up-to-date regulations concerning this area be introduced, it is also necessary to achieve the economic development which will cause almost no pollution to the environment.

  7. Prevalence of mental retardation among children in RS Pura town of Jammu and Kashmir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar Raina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the Prevalence of mental retardation in children 3 to 10 years of age. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in the framework of a population based, single centre, cross-sectional study at R.S.Pura town, 22 kms south- west of Jammu city. Results: A total of 61 (0.79 percent of the 7,707 children surveyed had positive screening results on the Ten Questions instrument. 56 (0.72percent children were diagnosed as suffering from mental retardation. Serious mental retardation was diagnosed in 48 children and mild mental retardation was diagnosed in 8 children. The combined prevalence estimates of mild and serious mental retardation were 7.2/1000. No notable sex differences were observed for either serious or mild retardation. Interpretation: The prevalence rates of mental retardation among children less than 19 years of age in R. S. town compares favorably with studies from developed world.

  8. Urban, Environmental and Tourism State of the Romanian Carpathian Small Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELENA MATEI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In Romania, after 1990, tourism is seen as a univer sal solution for the economic development of any region. In fact, some areas are appropriate to this. One of them is the Carpathian area, where a quarter of the Romanian sma ll towns exist. These settlements are still trying to adapt to the market economy hence many of them, as former mono-industrial centers, have shrank their activities and try to subscribe i n the new economic landscape. In the context of a great tourism potential given by the Carpathians resources and benefiting by urban development, few environmental changes analyzed through tourism p otential indicator (Tp, urban development indicator (UDI, environmental change indicator (ECh I, many of the mountainous small towns can successfully revive through tourism development . Their good economic, urban and environmental state influences the surroundings, ru ral area and their communities' wellbeing; hence their revival through tourism may increase th e mountain economy.

  9. SOME ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGIC ASPECTS OF WASTE MANAGEMENT IN A MIDDLE SIZED TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Dumescu

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Regulations of the European Union establish for local authorities obligations concerning waste management inside their area of competence. Carrying out these obligations need to connect result in economic and municipal fields to those in environment protection. After a short presentation of these obligations the paper contains a study of waste management in Lipova, a middle sized town in Arad County, Romania. The study is focused mainly on the waste dump of the town, which is planned to be shut down during the following years. This makes necessary to carry out preparing concerning waste management in the new conditions and also to assure environment protection on the actual emplacement after shutting down the existing dump.

  10. Plow, town, and gown: the politics of family practice in 1960s America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobbell, Dominique

    2013-01-01

    In the 1960s, general practitioners organized themselves into a state-based nationwide political movement that lobbied state legislators and state-funded medical schools to create departments of family practice. They framed their calls in the context of the national shortages of primary care physicians by arguing that those medical schools that received state funding had an obligation to the state to train sufficient numbers of primary care physicians to ensure the health care needs of the state's residents would be met. As this article reveals, two defining features of this activism were rural politics and the politics of town and gown. The history of family practice thus introduces a new dimension to the familiar dyad of town and gown relations: the plow-rural physicians who brought to the medical politics of the post-World War II United States a distinctive and powerful set of political, social, and economic interests.

  11. Attitudes toward couples-based HIV counseling and testing among MSM in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Rob; Rentsch, Christopher; Sullivan, Patrick; McAdams-Mahmoud, Ayesha; Jobson, Geoff; Struthers, Helen; McIntyre, James

    2013-05-01

    Couples-based voluntary HIV counseling and testing (CVCT) allows couples to receive their HIV test results together and has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing HIV transmission, increasing and sustaining condom use, and reducing sexual risk-taking among at-risk heterosexual couples. However, the acceptability of CVCT among MSM has yet to be evaluated in an African setting. The results from seven focus group discussions and 29 in-depth interviews conducted in Cape Town, South Africa exhibit overwhelmingly high acceptance of CVCT. Participants were attracted to the counseling components of the service, stating that these would allow for the couple to increase their commitment and to explore methods of how to effectively reduce their risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV in the presence of a trained counselor. These results suggest CVCT would be highly welcomed and could work to fill the significant lack of services available and accessible to MSM couples in Cape Town.

  12. PHARMACOEPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF DOCTORS HABITS IN PRESCRIPTIONS OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUGS IN TOWN OF OREL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. I. Shvets

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To compare prescriptions of antihypertensive drugs in town of Orel with these in Russia in the whole.Material and methods. 23 cardiologists and 78 internists of Orel town were questioned about antihypertensive drug prescriptions in 2006.Results. ACE inhibitors, diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium channels antagonists were prescribed in order of popularity decreasing as mono- or combined therapy. About 70 % of doctors prescribed pharmacotherapy, which cost 100 to 500 rubles per months. Not rational combinations were prescribed in 4,7% of cases. Only 55,4% of respondents used blood pressure level less than 140/90 mm Hg as a target one.Conclusion. Antihypertensive drug prescription for mono- or combined therapy was in accordance to modern guidelines but in the some cases did not meet them.

  13. The Representation of the Hungarian Towns in Domenico Zenoi's and Paolo Forlani's Cartographic Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béla Szalai

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the mid-16th century Venice was the European center of cartography. The two most distinguished representatives of the Venetian school of cartography, which included their close collaborators, Natale Bonifacio and Martin Rota Kolunic from Šibenik in Dalmatia, were Domenico Zenoi and Paolo Forlani. The study deals with their cartographic and publishing activity, their relationship and rivalry within the context of the Venetian cartographic production and analyzes in detail their engravings of the Hungarian towns at the time of the Ottoman conquests, including the siege and the fall of the fortress Sziget during the command of Nikola Šubić Zrinyi. The analysis is based on the five extant copies of Zenoi's and Forlani's collections of views, two of which have been unknown until discovered by the author in the Budapest National Library.Keywords: Cartography; Venice; Zenoi; Forlani; Hungarian towns; Ottoman conquests

  14. The influence of older classmates on adolescent sexual behavior in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, David; Marteleto, Letícia J; Ranchhod, Vimal

    2013-06-01

    This study examines the influence of exposure to older within-grade peers on sexual behavior among students in urban South Africa. Data are drawn from the Cape Area Panel Study, a longitudinal survey of young people conducted in metropolitan Cape Town from 2002 to 2006. The combination of early sexual debut, high rates of school enrollment into the late teens, and grade repetition create an environment in which young people who progress through school ahead of many in their cohort interact with classmates who may be several years older. We construct a measure of cumulative exposure to classmates who are at least two years older and show that such exposure is statistically significantly associated with early sexual initiation among adolescent girls. This exposure also increases the age difference between these girls and their first sexual partner, and helps explain a significant proportion of the earlier sexual debut of African girls, compared with colored and white girls in Cape Town.

  15. The Transformation of Danish Towns and Regions in the Knowledge Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kalle Emil Holst

    Western economies are mainly based on knowledge-intensive industries. This has caused a major geographical shift and a divide in economic growth between few prosperous, larger city-regions and many non-core, smaller towns that are trailing behind. At the heart of this PhD thesis is an investigation...... by examining the professional preferences of highly skilled public employees and their influence on the choice of workplace, using the case of hospital doctors as an example. Lastly, Paper 4 studies the strategic actions that allow low- and medium low-tech manufacturing firms in smalltown locations to remain...... competitive in a high-cost economy. The main conclusion of the first two papers is that local employment structures and the geographical locations of towns have worked either as a barrier or a catalyst producing uneven local and regional development in terms of both employment growth and socio-economic change...

  16. Socio-economic conditions, young men and violence in Cape Town

    OpenAIRE

    Kai Thaler

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the drivers of male perpetration of violence against adult family members and intimate partners in Cape Town, South Africa. Data on 1,369 young men from the Cape Area Panel Study are analyzed and significant causal pathways are examined for the full sample and for disaggregated samples of African and coloured respondents. Socioeconomic disadvantage plays a role in a culture of patriarchal violence, but its effects are largely mediated by behavioural factors such as routine...

  17. Social integration of Congolese refugees in a town in Southern Norway

    OpenAIRE

    Kabuya, Kamitanji

    2008-01-01

    Social integration of refugees is a concept that connotes ideas of enjoying the opportunities, rights and services available to the citizens of the refugees’ new community. This thesis examines the problems and process of social integration of Congolese refugees in one of the southern towns of Norway. This research mainly aimed at finding out whether Congolese refugees are socially well-integrated; and establishing factors that contribute to their integration or lack of it. Based on the ex...

  18. Diurnal variations of airborne fungal spores concentration in the town and rural area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idalia Kasprzyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Airborne fungal spores were monitored in 2001-2002 in Rzeszów (town and its neighborhood. The aim of investigations was to ascertain if there were differences in diurnal variations of airborne fungal spores concentration between town and rural area. The sampling was carried out using volumetric method. Traps were located at the same heights - app. 12 m. Airborne spores were sampled continuously. Microscopical slides were prepared for each day. Analysis was carried out on one longitudinal band of 48 mm long divided into 24 segments corresponding following hours of day. The results were expressed as mean number of fungal spores per cubic meter per 24 hours. For this survey, five geni of allergenic fungi were selected: Alternaria, Botrytis, Cladosporium, Epicoccum, Ganoderma. The concentrations of their airborne spores were high or very high. It was calculated theoretical day, where the hourly count was the percentage mean of number of spores at that time every chosen day without rainfall from 2001 and 2001 years. The diurnal periodicity of Alternaria, Cladosporium, Epicoccum and Ganoderma showed one peak, while Botrytis two. Anamorphic spores peaked in the afternoon, while their minima occurred in the morning. The highest concentrations of Ganoderma basidiospores were at down or at night, but minima during the day. There were no clear differences in the peak values between two studied sites. The results indicate that maximum concentrations of all spores generally occurred a few hour earlier in the rural area than in the town. Probably, in the rural area airborne spores came from many local sources and their diurnal periodicity reflected rhythm of spore liberation. Towns are characterized by specific microclimate with higher temperature and wind blowing to the centre. In Rzeszów fungal spores could be transported outside and carried out by wind from distant sources. This study showed, among others, that habitat conditions are an important factors

  19. Influence of seismicity parameter uncertainty on seismic hazard estimation of cities and towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玮琼; 吴宣

    2003-01-01

    The influence on seismic hazard estimation for 310 cities and towns in the whole nation are studied in particular,owing to uncertainty of seismicity parameters caused by non-uniqueness in selecting statistical time ranges. Andthe regional sketch maps of the average varying values of intensity and the average relative varying values of peakacceleration with different probability of exceedance in 50 years are drawn in the Chinese mainland.

  20. Physico-chemical and bacteriological quality assessment of shallow wells in Kitui town, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romulus Abila

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Kitui town, a small but fast growing town in arid south-eastern Kenya faces unreliable water supply and residents are highly dependent on shallow wells as the main source of water for domestic use. A study was carried out to assess the physical-chemical and bacteriological quality of water from shallow wells within the town’s main residential areas. 96 water samples were collected from 8 main residential estates within the town between May and July 2011 and analysed for physical-chemical characteristics and bacterial quantity and species. Water analysis revealed presence of 9 pathogenic genera including Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Vibrio, Listeria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Enterobacter, Klebsiella and Pseudomonas. Multiple-tube fermentation technique was used to enumerate coliform bacteria in water. Total aerobic bacterial load ranged from 3.70 x102 to 2.352 x103 CFU/ml. E. Coli was isolated from Majengo and Mjini estates only and the bacterial load estimated as 1.10 x102 CFU/ml and 0.20 x102 CFU/ml respectively while Salmonella sp. was isolated from water samples from Kunda Kindu, JICA and Mjini estates. Conductivity and pH levels were above World Health Organization acceptable levels for drinking water in all samples. All samples tested did not meet the WHO bacteriological standards for drinking water. The presence of Salmonella, Vibrio, Listeria and E. Coli should particularly raise serious public health concerns over the quality of the town’s shallow wells water. Intervention measures including creating awareness and educating residents on shallow well construction, citing and care, boiling of water and improving sanitation should be urgently instituted. There is also need to construct sewerage works for the rapidly expanding Kitui town to reduce incidences of contamination from septic tanks.

  1. Length of Service versus Employee Retention Factors: Hotels in Cape Town, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Ikechukwu O. Ezeuduji; Thandokazi Lulu Mbane

    2017-01-01

    Employee retention can be measured quite accurately by the actual number of years that employees have worked in an organisation. This study investigates relationships between hotel employees’ length of service and responses to individual variables explaining employee retention factors. A structured questionnaire survey of 217 hotel employees in Cape Town, South Africa was used to obtain information that were subjected to bivariate and multivariate analyses. Key results show tha...

  2. Autler-Townes splitting in two-color photoassociation of 6Li

    CERN Document Server

    Schloeder, U; Silber, C; Zimmermann, C; Schloeder, Ulrike; Deuschle, Thomas; Silber, Christian; Zimmermann, Claus

    2003-01-01

    We report on high-resolution two-color photoassociation spectroscopy in the triplet system of magneto-optically trapped 6Li. The absolute transition frequencies have been measured. Strong optical coupling of the bound molecular states has been observed as Autler-Townes splitting in the photoassociation signal. The spontaneous bound-bound transition rate is determined and the molecule formation rate is estimated. The observed lineshapes are in good agreement with the theoretical model.

  3. The Cape Town science centre : a comprehensive business plan / Christian Rudolph Faure

    OpenAIRE

    Faure, Christian Rudolph

    1999-01-01

    This business plan describes the activities and projected financial operation of the Futropolis, a new science and technology centre to be located at Century City, Cape Town. The Futropolis is the first of a network of science and technology centres that will be established by MTN in South Africa and elsewhere in Africa with the aim of increasing the techno-literacy of all South Africans. The Directors and Financial Managers of science centres and theme parks throughout the ...

  4. Changing tune in Woodstock: Creative industries and local urban development in Cape Town, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Since the beginning of the new millennium, a plethora of works has been published on the making of the ‘creative city’ and the urban impact of the creative economy. So far, however, limited recognition has been given to how the development of cultural industries and the creative economy as a whole influences urban transformation in the rapidly urbanising Global South, especially in Africa. In Cape Town, a steadily growing number of creative industries and ‘culturepreneurs’ (Lange 2005) are ca...

  5. Sorting bodies: race, affect, and everyday multiculture in a mill town in northern England

    OpenAIRE

    Dan Swanton

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines how race might be understood differently when social interaction is taken as the starting point of analysis. I argue that dominant modes of theorising race as a biological construct or epistemological marker remain insufficient for understanding the multiple, contingent, and devious ways in which race takes form in, and gives shape to, encounters. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in Keighley—a former mill town in northern England—the paper assembles narrative fragments th...

  6. Electronic Waste Management in Educational Institutions of Ambo Town, Ethiopia, East Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Abenezer Wakuma Kitila

    2016-01-01

    Rapid technological advancements, scale economies, and high obsolescence rate contributes a significant role in generating e-waste. The study examines electronic waste management in educational institutions of Ambo town namely; Ambo University, Ambo Micro Business and TVET Colleges. It employs survey research and comparative study. The main data gathering tools were questionnaires, interviews, observation and review of documents. Through purposive sampling technique, property management heads...

  7. Infestation by the Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquito in the town of Chapeco, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Samara Tessaro Balsan; Marciana Frigeri de Souza; Indiana Alegransi Bones; Fatima Terezinha Castro Cechin; Caroline Constanci; Carin Guarda; Bárbara Zanchet; Deise Vanessa Friedrich; Junir Antonio Lutinski; Suzana Marta Zarychta; Maria Assunta Busato

    2013-01-01

    Dengue fever became a public health problem and it has caused concern among health professionals. This study aimed to evaluate the conditioning factors for the occurrence of dengue fever in the town of Chapeco, Santa Catarina, Brazil. One analyzed the information available on the Information System on Yellow Fever and Dengue Fever (SISFAD) and conducted a survey through a semi-structured questionnaire applied to the population. The analyses indicate the association of infestation by the mosqu...

  8. Parasitic Contamination of Fruits and Vegetables Collected from Selected Local Markets of Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Tefera, Tamirat; Biruksew, Abdissa; Mekonnen, Zeleke; Eshetu, Teferi

    2014-01-01

    Background. A study aimed at determining the prevalence and predictors of parasitic contamination of fruits and vegetables collected from local markets in Jimma Town, Ethiopia, was conducted between April and May 2013. Methods. A total of 360 samples of fruits and vegetables were examined by sedimentation concentration after washing using normal saline. Results. The overall prevalence of parasitic contamination was 57.8%. Strongyloides like parasite (21.9%) was the most frequent parasitic con...

  9. An evaluation of University of Cape Town medical students’ community placements in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia S. Naidu; Virginia Zweigenthal; James Irlam; Leslie London; Johannah Keikelame

    2012-01-01

    Background: Fourth-year medical students at the University of Cape Town (UCT) work closely with stakeholders in community teaching sites to conduct community-based research projects and follow-up health promotion interventions during their Public Health training.Objectives: This study evaluated the placements as a learning experience from the perspectives of past students and community stakeholders.Methods: A total of 32 projects were randomly selected out of 232 projects undertaken during 20...

  10. Radon and radioactivity at a town overlying Uranium ores in northern Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kourtidis, K; Georgoulias, A K; Vlahopoulou, M; Tsirliganis, N; Kastelis, N; Ouzounis, K; Kazakis, N

    2015-12-01

    Extensive measurements of (222)Rn in the town of Xanthi in N Greece show that the part of the town overlying granite deposits and the outcrop of a uranium ore has exceptionally high indoor radon levels, with monthly means up to 1500 Bq m(-3). A large number of houses (40%) in this part of the town exhibit radon levels above 200 Bq m(-3) while 11% of the houses had radon levels above 400 Bq m(-3). Substantial interannual variability as well as the highest in Europe winter/summer ratios (up to 12) were observed in this part of the town, which consist of traditional stone masonry buildings of the late 19th-early 20th century. Measurements of (238)U and (232)Th content of building materials from these houses as well as radionuclide measurements in different floors show that the high levels of indoor radon measured in these buildings are not due to high radon emanation rates from the building materials themselves but rather due to high radon flux from the soil because of the underlying geology, high radon penetration rates into the buildings from underground due to the lack of solid concrete foundations in these buildings, or a combination thereof. From the meteorological variables studied, highest correlation with indoor (222)Rn was found with temperature (r(2) = 0.65). An indoor radon prognostic regression model using temperature, pressure and precipitation as input was developed, that reproduced indoor radon with r(2) = 0.69. Hence, meteorology is the main driving factor of indoor radon, with temperature being the most important determinant. Preliminary flux measurements indicate that the soil-atmosphere (222)Rn flux should be in the range 150-250 Bq m(-2) h(-1), which is in the upper 10% of flux values for Europe.

  11. Characterisation of Fourteenth-Century Bell-Casting Pit in Old Town Hall Sibiu, Romania

    CERN Document Server

    Olariu, A; Olariu, Agata; Munteanu-Besliu, Petre

    1999-01-01

    In this work we have made an analytical investigation by neutron activation analysis and X-ray fluorescence of a number of pieces found on the two hearths and the slag layer discovered at the Old Town Hall from Sibiu, Romania and some bells from the surrounding region of Sibiu. The elemental analyses suggest the fact that the hearths preserve traces of an activity of alloying of copper with tin for casting bells.

  12. Prevalence of Asthma in a Portuguese Countryside Town:Repercussions on Absenteeism and Self-Concept

    OpenAIRE

    Borrego, Lm; Leiria-Pinto, P; César, M.; Rosado-Pinto, J

    2005-01-01

    Background: Childhood asthma represents an increasing health problem and is the leading cause of hospital admission and absenteeism in children with chronic disease. It also compromises quality of life, eventually contributing to disturbances in self-concept. Self-concept is a recent and global perspective of “the self” and relates to skills, self-image and self-esteem. Little information is available on this topic and there are no data from Portuguese countryside towns. Objective: T...

  13. Substance Use and Psychosocial Predictors of High School Dropout in Cape Town, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flisher, Alan J.; Townsend, Loraine; Chikobvu, Perpetual; Lombard, Carl F.; King, Gary

    2010-01-01

    The aims of this study were to examine whether use of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs predicts dropout among secondary school students in Cape Town, South Africa. A self-report instrument was administered to 1,470 Grade 8 students. The proportion of students that dropped out of school between the onset of the study and 4 years later was 54.9%.…

  14. Social and economic research in an English new town: local information systems

    OpenAIRE

    Worrall, L.

    1985-01-01

    Telford is a new town in the West Midlands Region of the United Kingdom. Since designation in 1968 considerable physical, economic, and social change has taken place. Four information systems have been developed to monitor this change. It is argued that information systems must be flexible, comprehensive, capable of integration, and phased so that nascent problems can be identified. It is also argued that the development of a time-series information base is essential for effective strategic p...

  15. Introducing ecological sanitation: some lessons from a small town pilot project in Mozambique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breslin, Edward D

    2002-01-01

    The paper explores the development of ecological sanitation (EcoSan) within the small-town context of Lichinga, Niassa Province, Mozambique. The paper looks at how ESTAMOS (a Mozambican NGO) and WaterAid introduced EcoSan in Lichinga, how families and communities have responded to EcoSan, and key lessons learned during the process to date that could be relevant to others within and beyond Mozambique.

  16. Identification and impacts of earthquakes on the Roman Town of Patras- Archaeological evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamati, Alexandra-Venetia; Stiros, Stathis

    2015-04-01

    In this paper we examine the interactions between earthquakes and inhabitation history of the town of Patras (NW Peloponnese, Greece), flourishing during the Roman period. Instrumental seismicity data and the seismic history of the last two centuries indicate that the wider area is among the most seismically active parts of Europe. But surprisingly, for older periods no historical evidence of ancient earthquakes exists. If this absence of evidence of ancient earthquakes is indicative of a real absence of earthquakes, this may be important for different disciplines. For Seismology, it may perhaps indicate clusters of seismicity separated by intervals of quiescence, each at least several thousand years long. It may also indicate that the inhabitation history of Patras town was not interrupted by major natural catastrophic events, and some destruction observed in ancient remains can be assigned to anthropogenic effects. In order to contribute in the solution of this problem, we made a systematic Archaeoseismological investigation of Patras and examined for the first time several hundreds of reports of archaeological excavations that have been made during period of reconstruction of the city (1972-2004). Among these, about 100 reports provide evidence of destruction layers, some of which satisfy the criteria for identification of earthquakes from archaeological data. A further correlation of this evidence in space and time was made, and permitted to identify with certainty a few major seismic events which marked the history of Roman Patras (1st-6th century AD). In spite of their catastrophic effects, these earthquakes have not led to the abandonment of the ancient town (inhabitation hiatus), but have certainly left their marks in the urban and perhaps social and economic history of this Roman town. Some certain uniformity in the frequency of earthquakes in Patras was also inferred.

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Heart of Georgia Altamaha RC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010....

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Wood County Planning and Zoning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. Data...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Sauk County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2010. Data by this...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2011, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Sauk County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. Data by this...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, muncipality, Published in 2007, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Door County, Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipality shapefile, Published in 2007, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Door County, Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, city boundaries, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Harper County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of 2008. It is described...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Jasper County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2009. Data by this...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2007, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Civil & Environmental Consultants, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of 2007. Data by this...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Minor Civil Divisions, Published in 2008, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Monroe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Wilkes County Assessors' Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2009. Data by...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipal topology, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Limits of City of Dubuque, IA, Published in 2007, City of Dubuque.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It is described as 'City Limits of City of...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, cities, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Henry County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. Data...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, INDOT.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. Data...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, city boundries, Published in 2007, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Rice County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1993, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Avery County, NC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 1993. Data by this...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1997, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Murray county Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1997. Data...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, North Georgia Regional Development Center.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. Data...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, k-boundary, Published in 2005, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Iron County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2005. It is described as...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Forest Hills High School.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2010. Data by this...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2003, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Greenwood County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2003. Data by this...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1998, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Greenwood County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1998....

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Wood County Planning & Zoning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009....

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, annexation, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Township Boundaries, Published in 2008, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Phillips County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2008. It is described...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, all, Published in 2008, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Price County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale as of 2008. It is described as 'all'. Data by this publisher are often provided in State...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, annexation policy, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, 1884 Land & Cattle Company.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2008. Data by...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Cusseta, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Georgetown, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Richland, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Columbus, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Talbotton, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Woodland, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Columbus County Tax Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. Data by this...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Hamilton, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Lumpkin, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Cuthbert, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Shiloh, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal Boundaries, Published in 2013, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Brown County, WI.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. It...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipality anno, Published in 2009, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It is described as...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipalites, Published in 2009, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It is described as...