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Sample records for diaphragmatic hernia review

  1. Diaphragmatic hernia: diagnostic approaches with review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eren, Suat [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatuerk University, 25240 Erzurum (Turkey)]. E-mail: suateren@atauni.edu.tr; Ciris, Fahri [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatuerk University, 25240 Erzurum (Turkey)

    2005-06-01

    Because surgical repair is indicated for the treatment of diaphragmatic hernia (DH), preoperative imaging of the diaphragmatic defect, hernia content, and associated complications with other organ's pathologies is important. While various techniques can be used on imaging of DHs, selection of the most effective but the least invasive technique will present the most accurate findings about DH, and will facilitate the management of DH. We reviewed the diaphragmatic hernia types associated with our cases, and we discussed the preferred imaging modalities for different DHs with review of the literature. We evaluated the imaging findings of 21 DH cases. They were Morgagni's hernia (n = 4), Bochdalek hernia (n = 2), iatrogenic DH (n = 4), traumatic DH (n = 6), and hiatal hernia (n = 5). Although its limited findings on DH and indirect findings about the diaphragmatic rupture, plain radiography is firstly preferred technique on DH. We found that ultrasound (US) is a useful tool on DH, on traumatic DH cases especially. Not only it shows diaphragmatic continuity and herniated organs, but also it reveals associated abdominal organ's pathologies. Computed tomography (CT) scan is most effective in many DH cases. It shows the herniated abdominal organs together with complications, such as intestinal strangulation, haemothorax, and rib fractures. We stressed that Multislice CT scan with coronal and sagittal reformatted images is the most effective and useful imaging technique on DH. With high sensitivity for soft tissue, MR imaging may be performed in the selected patients, on the late presenting DH cases or on the cases of the diagnosis still in doubt especially.

  2. Bochdalek's diaphragmatic hernia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuckein, D.

    1984-01-01

    Bochdalek's diaphragmatic hernia (hernia through trigonum lumbocostale of diaphragm) may be demonstrated unequivocally via computerised tomography. An additional scan in prone position is recommended. In this way, not only the relationship of the hernia to the diaphragm can be shown but also the diaphragmatic gap (trigonum lumbocostale). In some cases sagittal image reconstruction is helpful to identify the hernia. (orig.) [de

  3. Radiographic diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia: review of 60 cases in dogs and cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyun, Changbaig

    2004-06-01

    Sixty cases of diaphragmatic hernia in dogs and cats were radiologically reviewed and categorized by their characteristic radiographic signs. Any particular predilection for age, sex, or breed was not observed. Liver, stomach and small intestine were more commonly herniated. At least two radiographs, at different angles, were required for a valid diagnosis, because some radiographic signs were not visible in a single radiographic view and more clearly detectable in two radiographic views. In addition to previously reported radiographic signs for diaphragmatic hernia, we found that the location of the stomach axis and the displacement of tracheal and bronchial segments were also useful radiographic signs.

  4. Traumatic intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia

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    Kuzucu, Akin [Inonu University School of Medicine, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Malatya (Turkey); Isik, Burak [Inonu University School of Medicine, Department of General Surgery, Malatya (Turkey); Baysal, Tamer [Inonu University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Malatya (Turkey)]. E-mail: tbaysal@inonu.edu.tr; Soysal, Omer [Inonu University School of Medicine, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Malatya (Turkey); Ulutas, Hakki [Inonu University School of Medicine, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Malatya (Turkey)

    2007-05-15

    Herniation of abdominal viscera into the pericardial space is a rare occurrence involving a sacless entry through a rent in the pericardial portion of the diaphragm's central tendon. Intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia is often overlooked both clinically and radiologically and more pressing cardiorespiratory and orthopaedic abnormalities are addressed. The traumatic patient presented here had air shadows above the diaphragm on his chest radiograph. Chest computed tomography showed displacement of heart and air-filled mass, suspicious of a bowel loop, in the pericardial sac. A diagnosis of intrapericardial hernia was made in this patient who was haemodynamically unstable. The diaphragmatic tear was surgically repaired and the patient's postoperative course was uncomplicated.

  5. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia in identical twins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa T Gurbaz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH, Bochdalek type is rarely seen in both members of identical twins. Herein, we report a 37 weeks′ twins with CDH along with a brief review of the literature. Both the neonates survived.

  6. Radiographic diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia: review of 60 cases in dogs and cats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hyun, C.B.

    2004-01-01

    Sixty cases of diaphragmatic hernia in dogs and cats were radiologically reviewed and categorized by their characteristic radiographic signs. Any particular predilection for age, sex, or breed was not observed. Liver, stomach and small intestine were more commonly herniated. At least two radiographs, at different angles, were required for a valid diagnosis, because some radiographic signs were not visible in a single radiographic view and more clearly detectable in two radiographic views

  7. Acute gastric volvulus and congenital diaphragmatic hernia, case report and review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Pérez-Egido

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is the result of the incomplete fusion and closure of the pleuroperitoneal canal during the fetal development. CDH is usually diagnosed prenatally but, if undiagnosed, the clinical presentation ranges from asymptomatic children to serious respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms. Acute gastric volvulus associated with CDH is a rare surgical emergency in children. We report two cases of acute gastric volvulus associated with CDH and review the literature.

  8. Is video-assisted thoracoscopic diaphragmatic plication a widespread technique for diaphragmatic hernia in adults? Review of the literature and results of a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rombolá, Carlos A; Genovés Crespo, Marta; Tárraga López, Pedro J; García Jiménez, María Dolores; Honguero Martínez, Antonio F; León Atance, Pablo; Rodríguez Ortega, Claudia R; Triviño Ramírez, Ana; Rodríguez Montes, José Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Diaphragmatic plication is the most accepted treatment for symptomatic diaphragmatic hernia in adults. The fact that this pathology is infrequent and this procedure not been widespread means that this is an exceptional technique in our field. To estimate its use in the literature, we carried out a review in English and Spanish, to which we added our series. We found only six series that contribute 59 video-assisted mini-thoractomy for diaphragmatic plications in adults, and none in Spanish. Our series will be the second largest with 18 cases. Finally, we conducted a survey in all the Spanish Thoracic Surgery units in Spain: none reported more than 10 cases operated by thoracoscopy in the last 8 years (except our series) and most continue employing thoracotomy as the main approach. We believe that many patients with symptomatic diaphragmatic hernia could benefit from the use of such techniques. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  9. Fatal Diaphragmatic Hernia following Radiofrequency Ablation for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Case Report and Literature Review

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    Tomoko Saito

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available An 81-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of right quadrant abdominal pain. On admission, his liver function was Child-Pugh grade C (10 points. Computed tomography (CT revealed a diaphragmatic herniation of bowel loops into the right thoracic cavity, accompanied by pleural effusion. Although diaphragmatic hernia was successfully repaired by emergency surgery, he died of liver failure 23 days after the surgery. A retrospective reading of CT images revealed the presence of diaphragmatic injury after radiofrequency ablation (RFA which had been conducted 33 months before the development of diaphragmatic hernia. Of importance, the lesion of the diaphragmatic injury was located on the estimated needle track of RFA for hepatocellular carcinomas in segment 5 and segment 5/8, but not adjacent to their ablation areas. Subsequently, diaphragmatic perforation had been observed 24 months before admission. This suggests that diaphragmatic hernia caused by RFA is not necessarily due to thermal damage of ablation and is possibly life-threatening, at least in some patients with an impaired liver function.

  10. Imaging of congenital diaphragmatic hernias

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taylor, George A.; Estroff, Judy A.; Atalabi, Omolola M.

    2009-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernias are complex and life-threatening lesions that are not just anatomic defects of the diaphragm, but represent a complex set of physiologic derangements of the lung, the pulmonary vasculature, and related structures. Imaging plays an increasingly important role in the care of these infants. Prenatal sonography and MRI have allowed early and accurate identification of the defect and associated anomalies. These tools have also been the key to defining the degree of pulmonary hypoplasia and to predicting neonatal survival and need for aggressive respiratory rescue strategies. In the postnatal period, conventional radiography supplemented by cross-sectional imaging in selected cases can be very useful in sorting out the differential diagnosis of intrathoracic masses, in the detection of associated anomalies, and in the management of complications. Understanding the pathogenesis of diaphragmatic defects, the underlying physiologic disturbances, and the strengths and limitations of current imaging protocols is essential to the effective and accurate management of these complex patients. (orig.)

  11. Imaging of congenital diaphragmatic hernias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, George A.; Estroff, Judy A. [Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Children' s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA (United States); Atalabi, Omolola M. [Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Children' s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA (United States); The College of Medicine/University College Hospital, Ibadan (Nigeria)

    2009-01-15

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernias are complex and life-threatening lesions that are not just anatomic defects of the diaphragm, but represent a complex set of physiologic derangements of the lung, the pulmonary vasculature, and related structures. Imaging plays an increasingly important role in the care of these infants. Prenatal sonography and MRI have allowed early and accurate identification of the defect and associated anomalies. These tools have also been the key to defining the degree of pulmonary hypoplasia and to predicting neonatal survival and need for aggressive respiratory rescue strategies. In the postnatal period, conventional radiography supplemented by cross-sectional imaging in selected cases can be very useful in sorting out the differential diagnosis of intrathoracic masses, in the detection of associated anomalies, and in the management of complications. Understanding the pathogenesis of diaphragmatic defects, the underlying physiologic disturbances, and the strengths and limitations of current imaging protocols is essential to the effective and accurate management of these complex patients. (orig.)

  12. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia-associated pulmonary hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harting, Matthew T

    2017-06-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a complex entity wherein a diaphragmatic defect allows intrathoracic herniation of intra-abdominal contents and both pulmonary parenchymal and vascular development are stifled. Pulmonary pathology and pathophysiology, including pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension, are hallmarks of CDH and are associated with disease severity. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is sustained, supranormal pulmonary arterial pressure, and among patients with CDH (CDH-PH), is driven by hypoplastic pulmonary vasculature, including alterations at the molecular, cellular, and tissue levels, along with pathophysiologic pulmonary vasoreactivity. This review addresses the basic mechanisms, altered anatomy, definition, diagnosis, and management of CDH-PH. Further, emerging therapies targeting CDH-PH and PH are explored. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  13. Genetic causes of congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wynn, Julia; Yu, Lan; Chung, Wendy K.

    2014-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a moderately prevalent birth defect that, despite advances in neonatal care, is still a significant cause of infant death, and surviving patients have significant morbidity. The goal of ongoing research to elucidate the genetic causes of CDH is to develop better treatment and ultimately prevention. CDH is a complex developmental defect that is etiologically heterogeneous. This review summarizes the recurrent genetic causes of CDH including aneuploidies, chromosome copy number variants, and single gene mutations. It also discusses strategies for genetic evaluation and genetic counseling in an era of rapidly evolving technologies in clinical genetic diagnostics. PMID:25447988

  14. Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in cats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neiger, R.

    1996-01-01

    Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a cat is often an incidental finding on a routine thoracic or abdominal radiograph. Clinical signs are nonspecific-usually respiratory (dyspnea) or gastrointestinal(vomiting or diarrhea). Some of the cats with this anomaly are asymptomatic. The physical examination may be normal: muffled heart sounds are the most common abnormality noted during a physical examination. Cats of many breeds are affected, although 26% of reported cases were inPersians. Age of the cat at diagnosis ranged from 6 days to 14 years. Thirty of the 52 reported cases were in females. Diagnostic studies used to confirm the diagnosis included echocardiography, upper gastrointestinal study, ultrasonography, angiography, positive-contrast peritoneography, and laparotomy. Surgical correction was reportedly successful in 22 of 25 cats

  15. Late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia in children: a literature review

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    Baglaj, Maciej [Wroclaw Medical University, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Wroclaw (Poland); Dorobisz, Urszula [Wroclaw Medical University, Department of Radiology, Wroclaw (Poland)

    2005-05-01

    This is a review of 122 articles published until December 2003 that describe 349 children with late-presenting postero-lateral congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Data regarding pre-operative diagnostic work-up were adequately reported in 177 patients with left CDH and in 41 with a right-sided defect. Chest radiography was the only diagnostic study in 92 (51.9%) children from the former group and in 17 (43.9%) from the latter group. In other patients, diagnostic work-up encompassed various combinations of two or more imaging modalities. Apart from chest radiography, contrast study of the upper gastrointestinal tract was the most frequently performed imaging modality. In 88 (25.2%) children, initial radiographic features of CDH were misinterpreted. Pneumothorax and pleural effusion were the most common initial findings. Analysis of the hernial content in this group of patients has shown that herniation of the stomach, spleen or omentum should be regarded as risk factors for misdiagnosis of left CDH, whereas for right CDH, the risk factor is the presence of liver in the chest. Late-presenting CDH may pose a significant diagnostic problem because of the great variability of radiographic appearance. Chest radiography following passage of a nasogastric tube and contrast studies of the gastrointestinal tract seem to be the most useful investigations for the diagnosis of left CDH. For patients with right CDH, owing to the high probability of liver herniation, a chest radiograph with liver scintigraphy or CT seems to be the best diagnostic option. (orig.)

  16. Diaphragmatic hernia in Denys-Drash syndrome

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    Devriendt, K.; Deloof, E.; Moerman, P. [Univ. Hospital, Leuven (Belgium)] [and others

    1995-05-22

    We report on a newborn infant with male pseudohermaphroditism and glomerular lesions (Denys-Drash syndrome) but without Wilms tumor. A constitutional heterozygous mutation in the WT1 gene ({sup 366} Arg to His) was identified. In addition the child had a large diaphragmatic hernia, so far not described in Denys-Drash syndrome. The expression of the WT1 gene in pleural and abdominal mesothelium and the occurrence of diaphragmatic hernia in transgenic mice with a homozygous WT1 deletion strongly suggests that the diphragmatic hernia in this patient is part of the malformation pattern caused by WT1 mutations. 21 refs., 4 figs.

  17. Difficult weaning in delayed onset diaphragmatic hernia

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    Ahmed Syed

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Diaphragmatic injuries are relatively rare and result from either blunt or penetrating trauma. Regardless of the mechanism, diagnosis is often missed and high index of suspicion is vital. The clinical signs associated with a diaphragmatic hernia can range from no outward signs to immediately life-threatening respiratory compromise. Establishing the clinical diagnosis of diaphragmatic injuries (DI can be challenging as it is often clinically occult. Accurate diagnosis is critical since missed DI may result in grave sequelae due to herniation and strangulation of displaced intra-abdominal organs. We present a case of polytrauma with rib fracture and delayed appearance of diaphragmatic hernia manifesting as difficult weaning from ventilatory support.

  18. Prognostic factors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia accompanied by cardiovascular malformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Shigehiro; Sago, Haruhiko; Kanamori, Yutaka; Hayakawa, Masahiro; Okuyama, Hiroomi; Inamura, Noboru; Fujino, Yuji; Usui, Noriaki; Taguchi, Tomoaki

    2013-08-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is associated with cardiovascular malformation. Many prognostic factors have been identified for isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia; however, reports of concurrent congenital diaphragmatic hernia and cardiovascular malformation in infants are limited. This study evaluated congenital diaphragmatic hernia associated with cardiovascular malformation in infants. Factors associated with prognosis for patients were also identified. This retrospective cohort study was based on a Japanese survey of congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients between 2006 and 2010. Frequency and outcome of cardiovascular malformation among infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia were examined. Severity of congenital diaphragmatic hernia and cardiovascular malformation were compared as predictors of mortality and morbidity. Cardiovascular malformation was identified in 76 (12.3%) of 614 infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Mild cardiovascular malformation was detected in 19 (33.9%) and severe cardiovascular malformation in 37 (66.1%). Their overall survival rate at discharge was 46.4%, and the survival rate without morbidity was 23.2%. Mortality and morbidity at discharge were more strongly associated with severity of cardiovascular malformation (adjusted OR 7.69, 95%CI 1.96-30.27; adjusted OR 7.93, 95%CI 1.76-35.79, respectively) than with severity of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The prognosis for infants with both congenital diaphragmatic hernia and cardiovascular malformation remains poor. Severity of cardiovascular malformation is a more important predictive factor for mortality and morbidity than severity of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. © 2013 The Authors. Pediatrics International © 2013 Japan Pediatric Society.

  19. Chronic diaphragmatic hernia in 34 dogs and 16 cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minihan, Anne C; Berg, John; Evans, Krista L

    2004-01-01

    Medical records of 34 dogs and 16 cats undergoing surgical repair of diaphragmatic hernia of >2 weeks' duration were reviewed, and long-term follow-up information was obtained. The most common clinical signs were dyspnea and vomiting; however, many of the animals were presented for nonspecific signs such as anorexia, lethargy, and weight loss. Thoracic radiographs revealed evidence of diaphragmatic hernia in only 66% of the animals, and additional imaging tests were often needed to confirm the diagnosis. Thirty-six hernias were repaired through a midline laparotomy; 14 required a median sternotomy combined with a laparotomy. In 14 animals, division of mature adhesions of the lungs or diaphragm to the herniated organs was necessary to permit reduction of the hernia. Fourteen animals required resection of portions of the lungs, liver, or intestine. All hernias were sutured primarily without the use of tissue flaps or mesh implants. Twenty-one of the animals developed transient complications in the postoperative period; the most common of these was pneumothorax. The mortality rate was 14%. Thirty-four (79%) of the animals that were discharged from the hospital had complete resolution of clinical signs, and none developed evidence of recurrent diaphragmatic hernia during the follow-up period. Nine were lost to follow-up.

  20. Right sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia: A rare case report

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    Amit Narkhed, Shrikhande DY, Prasant Nigwekar, Santosh Yadav, Haresh Kasodariya

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A diaphragmatic hernia is defined as a communication between abdominal and thoracic cavity with or without abdominal contents in the thorax. The true incidence of Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is 1 in 5000 live births while right side diaphragmatic hernia (15% is rare comparing to left side diaphragmatic hernia (85% because liver plugs the opening. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia typically refers to Bochdalek form, other forms are rarer. Despite advances in neonatal intensive care, congenital diaphragmatic hernia is associated with high mortality and morbidity. The posterolateral right congenital DH is a rare diaphragmatic defect. Females are twice affected than that of males. The symptoms are non characteristic and patients with this disease maybe without symptoms for a long period. The main tool for diagnosis of congenital DH is radiography. Surgical correction is required.

  1. Right congenital diaphragmatic hernia associated with abnormality ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The right colon, appendix, terminal ilium, and three accessories right liver lobes were also dragged into the right thoracic cavity. After reducing the hernia, the diaphragmatic defect was primarily repaired with non-absorbable suture. The redundant transvers colon which had been compromised was resected and primary ...

  2. Posterolateral diaphragmatic hernia with small-bowel incarceration ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bochdalek hernia (BH), a closing defect of the peripheral posterior aspect of the diaphragm, is the most common of the congenital diaphragmatic hernias and is usually diagnosed in neonates. Symptomatic presentation of a right-sided diaphragmatic hernia in an adult is unusual. Owing to their rarity and varied presentation, ...

  3. Laparoscopic repair of Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia in infants ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Congenital retrosternal diaphragmatic hernia is rare in children. Morgagni hernias account for 1–6% of all surgically corrected diaphragmatic hernias [1,2]. Numer- ous approaches ... abdominal wall through the middle of the posterior edge of the defect using a .... Chest infection with Down's syndrome. Chest radiograph. 50.

  4. Imaging diagnosis--positive contrast peritoneographic features of true diaphragmatic hernia.

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    Choi, Jihye; Kim, Hyunwook; Kim, Mieun; Yoon, Junghee

    2009-01-01

    A true diaphragmatic hernia is a congenital diaphragmatic malformation that can appear identical to a peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH). True diaphragmatic hernias are rare in dogs. Herein we describe the use of positive contrast peritoneography for diagnosis of a true diaphragmatic hernia in two dogs.

  5. Intrathoracic Testicular Ectopia in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

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    Mehran Hiradfar

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is a defect in the diaphragm through which intra-abdominal and retroperitoneal organs may pass. However, the presence of the testis in the thoracic cavity is rare. Here, we describe a case of left-sided Bochdalek CDH with herniation of the left testis through the defect into the thorax, which was managed successfully by primary orchiopexy.

  6. Late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia

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    Raashid Hamid

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was undertaken to highlight the clinical profile, misdiagnosis, surgical treatment,and prognosis of late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH cases in a tertiary level hospital. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study included all the babies and children >1 month of age with CDH who were admitted in our Hospital (Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Kashmir, India during the period between January 2008 and December 2013. Babies with age <1 month were excluded from the study. Data regarding clinical profile, operative records, and follow-up was reviewed and analysed statistically. Results: A total of 20 patients were included in this study. The clinical picture ranged from respiratory distress (13 patients to non-specific gastrointestinal complaints (5 patients. In two patients, CDH was misdiagnosed as pneumothorax and had got chest tube inserted in other hospitals before referral to this tertiary care centre. In 14 patients chest, X-ray revealed the diagnosis of CDH and in remaining five patients (including the two patients with misdiagnosis further investigations were undertaken to establish the diagnosis. Age ranged from 45 days to 17 years with an average age of 58.9 months. There were 12 male and 8 female patients. In all the 20 patients, surgical procedures were undertaken with the retrieval of herniated contents from the thoracic cavity and repair of the diaphragmatic defect. There was no mortality in our series. All the 20 patients were followed-up for a period ranging from 6 months to 5 years (median 3.1 years. Conclusions: Late-presenting CDH can have diverse clinical presentation. Late diagnosis and misdiagnosis can result in significant morbidity and potential mortality if these cases are not managed properly at an appropriate stage. Outcome is favourable if these patients are expeditiously identified and surgically repaired.

  7. Missed Diagnosis of a Delayed Diaphragmatic Hernia as Intestinal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    done. He had an uneventful recovery and follow up. There is the need to maintain high index of suspicion of Traumatic Diaphragmatic Hernia (TDH) in a patient with recent or previous thoraco-abdominal injury that will reduce the rate of missed or delayed diagnosis. Key words: penetrating chest injury, diaphragmatic hernia, ...

  8. Undiagnosed diaphragmatic hernia — the importance of preanesthetic evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Ricco, Carolina H.; Graham, Lynelle

    2007-01-01

    A 6-year-old, neutered male, Pembroke Welsh corgi was presented for hind limb paralysis. After anesthetic induction, marked cyanosis and hypotension were noted. Diaphragmatic hernia was diagnosed based upon radiographic findings. Risks and complications associated with undiagnosed diaphragmatic hernia and the importance of thorough physical examination and patient assessment are discussed.

  9. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia with gastrointestinal symptomatology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Siroka, M.; Bilicky, J.; Hernesniemi, B.

    2014-01-01

    The authors report a case of 6-week-old baby boy with congenital diaphragmatic hernia(CDH). He presented with nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms. CDH is commonly manifested by nonspecific respiratory problems. The symptoms of CDH in older infants are atypical and misleading. Children may have only gastrointestinal problems even the acute abdomen. In our case, the ultrasound examination of abdomen did not detect the exact cause of vomiting and intolerance of oral intake, but the explanation has brought classic chest X-ray. (author)

  10. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: Misdiagnosis in adolescence

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    Kadian Yogender

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We report 3 cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH in the second decade of life which were misdiagnosed on initial presentation. The first case had an iatrogenic gastric injury because of intercostal tube drainage for suspected pleural effusion. The second case was treated for pulmonary tuberculosis for 6 months before being diagnosed as a case of CDH. The third case presented as acute chest pain on the left side. It was treated accordingly for 1 month and was diagnosed as a CDH on a CT scan of the chest when seen by a surgeon.

  11. Iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia in infants: Potentially catastrophic when overlooked

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    Yousef El-Gohary

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Acquired diaphragmatic hernias are a rare occurrence. They can result from blunt, penetrating or inadvertent iatrogenic injury. When overlooked they can potentially be catastrophic. We report a case of iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia in a six-month old infant presenting with acute respiratory distress as a result of strangulated bowel herniating into the left hemithorax caused from a traumatic chest tube insertion in the neonatal period.

  12. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia with gastric perforation in a newborn female

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    Gowrishankar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Most neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH present with CDH symptoms within the first 24 h of life. However, the presentation may be delayed in 10-20% of the cases. The presenting symptoms are nonspecific and are usually gastrointestinal in nature. We report a case of a 9 day-old neonate presenting with abdominal distention. The investigation was suggestive of CDH with the possibility of perforation which was confirmed by emergency laparotomy. A review of literature revealed one similar case report. This case highlights the risk of bowel incarceration in delayed cases presenting with gastrointestinal symptoms.

  13. Epidemiology of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McGivern, Mark R.; Best, Kate E.; Rankin, Judith

    2015-01-01

    reported among 12 155 491 registered births. Of 3131 singleton cases, 353 (10.4%) were associated with a chromosomal anomaly, genetic syndrome or microdeletion, 784 (28.2%) were associated with other major structural anomalies. The male to female ratio of CDH cases overall was 1:0.69. Total prevalence......INTRODUCTION: Published prevalence rates of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) vary. This study aims to describe the epidemiology of CDH using data from high-quality, population-based registers belonging to the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT). METHODS: Cases of CDH...... for isolated cases (ie, CDH cases that did not occur with any other congenital anomaly). There was significant variation in total and isolated CDH prevalence between registers. The proportion of cases that survived to 1 week was 69.3% (1392 cases) for total CDH cases and 72.7% (1107) for isolated cases...

  14. An Unusual Complication of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

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    Tan, E Tian; Sloan, Keren; Lakhoo, Kokila

    2017-01-01

    A term newborn was referred to our unit with a postnatal diagnosis of a right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). She was managed with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, inotropic support, and nitric oxide, with planned surgical repair when she was medically optimized. On day 6 of life, there was an acute deterioration causing difficulty maintaining adequate ventilation and the infant requiring increasing analgesia and paralysis, especially during abdominal examination. A repeat X-ray showed distended bowel loops in the right hemithorax when compared with previous films raising suspicion of bowel obstruction. The infant proceeded to emergency laparotomy in the neonatal intensive care unit. She was found to have a right-sided Bochdalek (posterolateral) defect. The entire small bowel was within the thoracic cavity and appeared dusky secondary to obstruction caused by compression of a herniated right liver lobe against the hernia defect. Bowel perfusion improved after reduction and a BioDesign patch was used to repair the defect. The infant went on to have a straightforward recovery and was transferred to her local hospital for ongoing care on day 17. Bowel obstruction is an uncommon complication in the perinatal period in infants with CDH. A high index of suspicion for bowel compromise is needed in neonates who deteriorate acutely after a period of stabilization. Imaging should be obtained as soon as possible and early surgical intervention may be life-saving.

  15. Computer tomographic and sonographic diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernias

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kurtz, B.; Koenig, H.; Walter, E.

    1983-01-01

    The diagnosis of supra diaphragmatic masses, particularly Morgagni's, Larrey's or Bochdalek's hernia was rarely possible by conventional methods. By using sonography and more particularly, computed tomography, these hernias can be distinguished from other masses in the region of the diaphragms. Their characteristic appearances and the diagnostic procedures are described. Invasive procedures, such as diagnostic pneumoperitoneum, are no longer necessary. (orig.) [de

  16. Laparoscopic repair of Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia in children ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Minimal invasive surgery allows for excellent visualisation of the diaphragm, and is increasingly used for the repair of diaphragmatic hernias in children. This report describes laparoscopic repairs between 2001 and 2007 of four Morgagni hernias in children. All defects were treated successfully using the laparoscopic ...

  17. Comorbidity between Klinefelter syndrome and diaphragmatic hernia. A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Melendez Valdez

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Intrathoracic cystic lesions have been diagnosed in a wide variety of age groups, and the increasing use of prenatal imaging studies has allowed detection of these defects even in utero.CASE REPORT: A 17-year-old pregnant woman in her second gestation, at 23 weeks of pregnancy, presented an ultrasound with evidence of a cystic anechoic image in the fet al left hemithorax. A morphological ultrasound examination performed at the hospital found that this cystic image measured 3.7 cm x 2.1 cm x 1.6 cm. Polyhydramnios was also present. At this time, the hypothesis of cystic adenomatoid malformation was raised. Fet al echocardiography showed only a dextroposed heart. Fet al magnetic resonance imaging produced an image compatible with a left diaphragmatic hernia containing the stomach and at least the first and second portions of the duodenum, left lobe of the liver, spleen, small intestine segments and portions of the colon. The stomach was greatly distended and the heart was shifted to the right. There was severe volume reduction of the left lung. Fet al karyotyping showed the chromosomal constitution of 47,XXY, compatible with Klinefelter syndrome. In our review of the literature, we found only one case of association between Klinefelter syndrome and diaphragmatic hernia.CONCLUSIONS: We believe that the association observed in this case was merely coincidental, since both conditions are relatively common. The chance of both events occurring simultaneously is estimated to be 1 in 1.5 million births.

  18. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia in neonate: A retrospective study about 28 observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachid Khemakhem

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Our purpose was to review our experience with congenital diaphragmatic hernia emphasizing diagnosis, management, and outcome. Study Design: We conducted a retrospective review of all cases of babies with congenital diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed and treated in our centre from 1998 to 2010. Results: There were 28 congenital diaphragmatic hernia cases, 13 girls and 15 boys with a mean weight birth of 3 kg. Three patients (10, 6% of cases died within a few hours after admission. In the remaining cases, surgery was performed after a stabilization period of 2 days. The diaphragmatic defect was sitting in the posterolateral left in 23 cases and right in 2 cases. Its dimensions were on average 4,5 cm, tow cases of agenesis of the cupola were seen and required the placement of gortex prosthesis. The remaining cases are treated by direct closure of defect. Postoperative course was marked by an early death in context of respiratory distress in six cases and later with sepsis in tow cases. The outcome was favourable in 17 cases (60, 7%, despite the occurrence of sepsis in four cases and evisceration in two cases. Conclusions: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia remains a serious disease with high mortality and morbidity despite advances in prenatal diagnosis and neonatal resuscitation.

  19. [Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: respiratory and vascular outcomes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennaforte, T; Rakza, T; Sfeir, R; Aubry, E; Bonnevalle, M; Fayoux, P; Deschildre, A; Thumerelle, C; de Lagausie, P; Benachi, A; Storme, L

    2012-02-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a life-threatening anomaly associated with a variable degree of pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) and persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPH). Despite remarkable advances in neonatal resuscitation and intensive care, and new postnatal treatment strategies, the rates of mortality and morbidity in the newborn with CDH remain high as the result of severe respiratory failure secondary to PH and PPH. Later, lung function assessments show obstructive and restrictive impairments due to altered lung structure and lung damage due to prolonged ventilatory support. The long-term consequences of pulmonary hypertension are unknown. Other problems include chronic pulmonary aspiration caused by gastro-oesophageal reflux and respiratory manifestations of allergy such as asthma or rhinitis. Finally, failure to thrive may be caused by increased caloric requirements due to pulmonary morbidity. Follow-up studies that systematically assess long-term sequelae are needed. Based on such studies, a more focused approach for routine multidisciplinary follow-up programs could be established. It is the goal of the French Collaborative Network to promote exchange of knowledge, future research and development of treatment protocols. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  20. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia with Delayed Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Malekzadegan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is caused due to abnormal formation of the muscular parts of diaphragm. The incidence of CDH in common births ranges from 1/25000 to 1/30000. Pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension are factors that associate with the increase of mortality and morbidity due to CDH. We presented a 68-year-old Iranian woman with abdominal pain and tenderness in right upper quadrant who was diagnosed as having CDH. The disease was detected using chest X-ray and chest and abdomen sonography and confirmed with chest and abdomen CT scan with and without oral contrast. A defect was revealed in posterolateral right diaphragm with omentum and transverse colon herniated through it. Right posterolateral thoracotomy was performed to cure the disease. CT and CXR were the two useful methods in diagnosis of CDH in this patient, although CDH detection prior to surgery is too challenging because of rare cases and different types of CDH. In order to improve clinical cares in adult CDH patients, investigating more cases and long term follow-up are recommended.

  1. Diaphragmatic hernia in the Coffin-Siris syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delvaux, V; Moerman, P; Fryns, J P

    1998-01-01

    At 32 weeks of gestation, delivery of a female fetus was induced because of severe malformations seen on ultrasonogram: congenital diaphragmatic hernia and cerebellar hypoplasia. The diagnosis of Coffin-Siris syndrome was based on the physical examination: coarse face with low-set ears, low nuchal hairline, scalp hypotrichosis and hypoplasia of the nails of fingers and toes with absence of the right fifth fingernail. Autopsy confirmed the prenatally diagnosed major associated abnormalities: hypoplasia of the cerebellum and congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Various clinical entities are included in the differential diagnosis.

  2. Warfarin-Associated Diaphragmatic Hernia: An Unusual Diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Vilhena

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Fetal warfarin syndrome is a consequence of maternal intake of warfarin during pregnancy and comprises a wide range of manifestations, including some typical facial dysmorphologic features. The authors report a case of prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of warfarin embryopathy in an obese woman on unsupervised warfarin prophylaxis at the 16th week of gestation. The fetus presented with facial dysmorphism, pectus excavatum, diaphragmatic hernia, and pulmonary hypoplasia. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second reported case of warfarin-associated diaphragmatic hernia.

  3. Congenital asymptomatic diaphragmatic hernias in adults: a case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, Enrica; Mancini, Paola; De Vito, Stefania; Pompili, Elena; Taurone, Samanta; Guerrisi, Isabella; Guerrisi, Antonino; D'Andrea, Vito; Cantisani, Vito; Artico, Marco

    2013-05-13

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a major malformation occasionally found in newborns and babies. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is defined by the presence of an orifice in the diaphragm, more often to the left and posterolateral, that permits the herniation of abdominal contents into the thorax. The aim of this case series is to provide information on the presentation, diagnosis and outcome of three patients with late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernias. The diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia is based on clinical investigation and is confirmed by plain X-ray films and computed tomography scans. In the present report three cases of asymptomatic abdominal viscera herniation within the thorax are described. The first case concerns herniation of some loops of the large intestine into the left hemi-thorax in a 75-year-old Caucasian Italian woman. The second case concerns a rare type of herniation in the right side of the thorax of the right kidney with a part of the liver parenchyma in a 57-year-old Caucasian Italian woman. The third case concerns herniation of the stomach and bowel into the left side of the chest with compression of the left lung in a 32-year-old Caucasian Italian man. This type of hernia may appear later in life, because of concomitant respiratory or gastrointestinal disease, or it may be an incidental finding in asymptomatic adults, such as in the three cases featured here. Patients who present with late diaphragmatic hernias complain of a wide variety of symptoms, and diagnosis may be difficult. Additional investigation and research appear necessary to better explain the development and progression of this type of disease.

  4. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: A 4-year experience in a single ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Background: This study aimed to evaluate congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients in our department during a 4-year period. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of 10 cases of CDH patients managed in the Neonatology and Pediatric Surgery Units of Goztepe Teaching Hospital from 2000 to 2004.

  5. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia and Occupational Therapy: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Angela C.

    2011-01-01

    This case report describes occupational therapy (OT) intervention in an outpatient setting and outcomes for a child diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) from 4 to 28 months of age. There is little information on therapy intervention and outcomes of children who have survived. The patient is a white male, born at 35 weeks gestation…

  6. Genetic Factors in the Etiology of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Klaassens (Merel)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractCongenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) is a relatively common birth defect in which a defect in diaphragm formation is associated with lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. CDH has a significant mortality of 50-80%, depending on the presence of associated anomalies and on the

  7. Late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia | Hamid | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: This study was undertaken to highlight the clinical profile, misdiagnosis, surgical treatment,and prognosis of late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) cases in a tertiary level hospital. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study included all the babies and children >1 month of age with CDH ...

  8. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia with Familial Occurrence in a Taiwanese Pedigree

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dah-Ching Ding

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is a developmental defect that accounts for 8% of all major congenital anomalies and is associated with a high mortality rate despite optimal postnatal treatment. Its etiology is uncertain. We report a case of familial CDH in a Taiwanese family. We believe autosomal recessive inheritance is the possible genetic etiology of CDH in this family.

  9. Lung eicosanoids in perinatal rats with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. IJsselstijn (Hanneke); F.J. Zijlstra (Freek); J.P.M. van Dijk; J.C. de Jongste (Johan); D. Tibboel (Dick)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractAbnormal levels of pulmonary eicosanoids have been reported in infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPH) and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We hypothesized that a dysbalance of vasoconstrictive and vasodilatory eicosanoids is involved in PPH in CDH patients. The levels

  10. Diaphragmatic Hernia Masquerading as Pleural Effusion

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Diaphragmatic injuries result from either blunt or penetrating trauma. They are usually associated with thoraco-abdominal trauma, but may rarely occur in isolation. Acute traumatic rupture of the diaphragm may go unnoticed and there may be a delay between the injury and diagnosis. As many as 30% of diaphragmatic ...

  11. Surgical repair of a congenital pericardial diaphragmatic hernia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wright, R.P.; Wright, R.; Scott, R.

    1987-01-01

    Objective: To describe the surgical repair and pre- and postoperative management of a peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) in a pregnant dog. Case summary: A pregnant dog was presented for vomiting, lethargy, and pale mucous membranes. Pulsus paradoxus was noted on physical examination. The dog was diagnosed with a PPDH via thoracic radiographs, abdominal ultrasound, and a n echocardiogram. The hernia was surgically repaired and the dog received supportive medical care until the puppies were old enough to be delivered via cesarean section. The mother and all puppies survived. New or unique information provided: This is the first report that describes the surgical repair and postoperative management of a PPDH in a pregnant dog

  12. Oropharyngeal teratoma in association with a diaphragmatic hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amal Al-Naimi

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Pediatric germ cell tumors (GCT rarely occur in the head and neck region and they are rarely associated with congenital anomalies. A 17 month old girl presented with a history of cough and change in voice for one month. Her chest x-ray and cross sectional imaging was suggestive of a mediastinal mass, right diaphragmatic hernia, and rib abnormality. Serologic and biomarkers were all negative for tumors. Surgical resection occurred with clear margins revealing a mass arising from the left hypopharnx via a pedunculated stalk. Histopathology was consistent with a mature teratoma including significant amounts of parathyroid tissue. She remains tumor free at 18 months follow up. To the best of our knowledge our patient is the third case in which a diaphragmatic hernia was reported in association with hypopharyngeal teratoma and our patient is the first to survive; this provides an opportunity to counsel families when this association is encountered.

  13. Delayed Presentation of Traumatic Diaphragmatic Hernia: The Evaluation of Surgical Treatment Results

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    Ali Sadrizadeh

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Diaphragmatic hernia could be caused by congenital disorders, blunt trauma or penetrating injuries. The diagnosis of traumatic diaphragmatic hernia is normally neglected during the first presentation leading to late complications and considerably increased mortality and morbidity among the patients. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective, descriptive study, we reviewed the medical records of patients presented with traumatic diaphragmatic hernia who had undergone surgical operations between 1982-2015 in Ghaem Hospital and Omid Hospital affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran. The studied variables included age, gender, clinical symptoms, location of hernia, involved organs, type of imaging modalities, surgical techniques, length of hospital stay, mortality rate and surgical complications. Results: In this study, 38 patients were diagnosed with traumatic diaphragmatic hernia consisting of 28 men and 10 women. In total, 79% and 21% of the patients suffered from penetrating trauma and blunt trauma, respectively. In addition, left-sided, right-sided and bilateral hernias were present in 33%, 4% and 1% of the patients, respectively. The most frequently herniated organ was the stomach, and the most common clinical symptoms were abdominal pain (84% and dyspnea (53%. Initially, chest radiographs were performed on all the patients, and thoracotomy was performed to repair diaphragmatic tears in all the cases (100%. In this study, 3 patients had previously undergone Hartmann’s operation for gangrenous herniated colon, and devolvulation of gastric volvulus had also been performed on 3 patients. The main post-operative complications were reported to be pneumonia and respiratory insufficiency (2 cases, and the mean length of hospital stay was 6 days (5-8 days which was longer (1-2 months in patients with gangrenous bowel (3 patients. Furthermore, no mortality was reported during the course of hospitalization in these

  14. VACTERL Association Complicated with Right-sided Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

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    Ray Hung Chen

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We describe a neonate with VACTERL association and right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH. Such coexistence is rare. The lack of symptoms during the early neonatal period, the absence of bowel loops herniated into the right thoracic cavity, and an unfinished surgery led to clinical and radiological diagnostic difficulties. Respiratory distress occurred when the patient was 2 months old. Chest radiology plain film revealed typical findings of right-sided CDH. The diagnosis was confirmed after surgical exploration.

  15. [Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of retrosternal anterior diaphragmatic hernia in an adult man].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dancewicz, Maciej; Kowalewski, Janusz; Kusiak, Iwona; Pepliński, Janusz; Szabo-Moskal, Jadwiga

    2006-01-01

    The study presents a case report of a retrosternal anterior diaphragmatic hernia in a 46-year-old man presented with abdominal pain, nausea, dyspnoea and treated previously as for chronic pancreatitis. A strong suspicion of the diaphragmatic hernia was generated after chest radiograph. However, the exact diagnosis of the Morgagni hernia was established by magnetic resonance imaging. The hernia was repaired through thoracic incision. The postoperative course proved uneventful: the patient was discharged from the hospital 10 days after surgical intervention.

  16. A fatal case of complicated congenital peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a Holstein calf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Keltie A.; Britton, Ann P.

    2013-01-01

    Congenital peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia is a rare condition most commonly reported in cats and dogs. A 6-week-old Holstein heifer calf with a congenital peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia complicated by a perforated abomasal ulcer is described. The clinical signs and pathological findings are compared with those reported in other species. PMID:24155464

  17. A fatal case of complicated congenital peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a Holstein calf

    OpenAIRE

    Hicks, Keltie A.; Britton, Ann P.

    2013-01-01

    Congenital peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia is a rare condition most commonly reported in cats and dogs. A 6-week-old Holstein heifer calf with a congenital peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia complicated by a perforated abomasal ulcer is described. The clinical signs and pathological findings are compared with those reported in other species.

  18. Late return of function after intrathoracic torsion of the spleen in congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorup, Jørgen Mogens; Pedersen, P V

    1986-01-01

    A case of late presentation of a left posterolateral diaphragmatic hernia in a four-year-old boy is reported. Shortly after incidental diagnosis of the diaphragmatic hernia, he was admitted with acute abdominal symptoms and laparotomy was performed. The stomach, small intestine, part of the colon...

  19. Imaging modalities used to confirm diaphragmatic hernia in small animals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Williams, J.; Leveille, R.; Myer, C.W.

    1998-01-01

    When a patient is presented for treatment following a traumatic accident such as being hit by a car, thoracic radiographs are usually an integral part of the overall diagnostic evaluation. Diagnosis at diaphragmatic hernia (DH) is often challenging in small animals. The thorax may contain substantial fluid, thereby masking the presence of cranially displaced abdominal soft tissues (e.g., liver or spleen). The most common cause of decreased radiographic visualization of the diaphragm on survey radiographs is pleural fluid; however, the second most common cause is DH. Obviously, if a gas-filledviscus is identified within the thoracic cavity on survey radiographs, the diagnosis of DH is straightforward and relatively routine. If, however, there is substantial pleural effusion and the herniated structure is a soft tissue parenchymal organ (e.g., liver or spleen), the diagnosis is less clearly defined on survey radiographs. This review discusses the various imaging modalities (survey, positional, and contrast-enhanced radiographs and ultrasonography) that can be used in the diagnosis or confirmation of DH

  20. Comparison of Radiography and Ultrasonography for Diagnosis of Diaphragmatic Hernia in Bovines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakim Athar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted on 101 animals suffering from thoracoabdominal disorders; out of which twenty seven animals (twenty six buffaloes and one cow were diagnosed with diaphragmatic hernia based on clinical signs, radiography, ultrasonography, and left flank laparorumenotomy. Radiography alone confirmed diaphragmatic hernia in 18 cases (66.67% with a sac-like structure cranial to the diaphragm. In 15 animals the sac contained metallic densities while in three cases a sac-like structure with no metallic densities was present. Ultrasonography was helpful in confirming diaphragmatic hernia in 23 cases (85.18% and ultrasonographically reticular motility was evident at the level of 4th/5th intercostal space in all the animals. B+M mode ultrasonography was used for the first time for diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia in bovines and the results suggested that ultrasonography was a reliable diagnostic modality for diaphragmatic hernia in bovines.

  1. Late versus early surgical correction for congenital diaphragmatic hernia in newborn infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyer, V; Moya, F; Tibboel, R; Losty, P; Nagaya, M; Lally, K P

    2002-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, although rare (1 per 2-4,000 births), is associated with high mortality and cost. Opinion regarding the timing of surgical repair has gradually shifted from emergent repair to a policy of stabilization using a variety of ventilatory strategies prior to operation. Whether delayed surgery is beneficial remains controversial. To summarize the available data regarding whether surgical repair in the first 24 hours after birth rather than later than 24 hours of age improves survival to hospital discharge in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia who are symptomatic at or immediately after birth. Search of MEDLINE (1966-2002), EMBASE (1978-2002) and the Cochrane databases using the terms "congenital diaphragmatic hernia" and "surg*"; citations search, and contact with experts in the field to locate other published and unpublished studies. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were randomized or quasi-randomized trials that addressed infants with CDH who were symptomatic at or shortly after birth, comparing early (24 hours) surgical intervention, and evaluated mortality as the primary outcome. Data were collected regarding study methods and outcomes including mortality, need for ECMO and duration of ventilation, both from the study reports and from personal communication with investigators. Analysis was performed in accordance with the standards of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group. Two trials met the pre-specified inclusion criteria for this review. Both were small trials (total n<90) and neither showed any significant difference between groups in mortality. Meta-analysis was not performed because of significant clinical heterogeneity between the trials. There is no clear evidence which favors delayed (when stabilized) as compared with immediate (within 24 hours of birth) timing of surgical repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, but a substantial advantage to either one cannot be ruled out. A large, multicenter randomized

  2. Delayed left traumatic diaphragmatic hernia repaired by laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asakage, N

    2011-11-01

    A 77-year-old man injured himself when he fell heavily on the left side of his chest. He had massive subcutaneous emphysema, bleeding, and left hemopneumothorax. He also fractured his seventh through tenth ribs; a fragment of the ninth rib was displaced into the thoracic cavity. The severity of the damage and the patient's pain was assessed using the Abbreviated Injury Scale 1990 (1998 update) as level 3. He was treated with conservative therapy and discharged on the 16 days after the injury. However, the following day, he had acute upper abdominal pain, his blood pressure dropped to 40 s, and he was readmitted. A chest CT showed the transverse colon was prolapsed in the thoracic cavity. The patient was diagnosed as having a delayed traumatic diapharagmatic hernia. A laparoscopic repair was performed. The rupture was classified as a IIIb-type diaphragmatic injury according to the Japanese Association for the Surgery of Trauma's classification system. It is believed that a fragment of a fractured rib that had been displaced in the thoracic cavity ruptured the diaphragm sharply. Since traumatic diapharagmatic hernia rarely occurs, it is relatively difficult to diagnose at the first examination. This condition has a high mortality rate because of the associated injuries. Surgery is the only treatment, but it should only be considered after a second examination. Herein, I report my experience with a case of delayed diaphragmatic hernia repaired by laparoscopic surgery. © 2011 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  3. FRACTURES OF THE RIBS AND THE DIAPHRAGMATIC RUPTURE WITH A FORMATION OF THE TRANSDIAPHRAGMATIC INTERCOSTAL HERNIA AS A RESULT OF SEVERE COUGHING (CLINICAL OBSERVATION WITH A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. N. Danielyan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Severe coughing might lead to development of a number of complications, including the diaphragmatic rupture and the ribs fractures. The report contains two similar rare clinical cases: male patients aged 48 and 74 years with transdiaphragmatic intercostal thoracic wall hernia after the rupture of the left half of the diaphragm and ribs fractures as a result of violent coughing. Both patients had a late diagnosis of injuries. Surgical therapy was performed via thoracotomy access using a mesh implant. histological study of the rib in the damaged area in one case detected fibrous osteodysplasia. The review of literature on this rare type of injury was analyzed. 

  4. Perioperative survival rates after surgery for diaphragmatic hernia in dogs and cats: 92 cases (1990-2002).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Thomas W G; Brisson, Brigitte A; Sears, William

    2005-07-01

    To determine the survival rates of dogs and cats that underwent surgical treatment for traumatic diaphragmatic hernia within 24 hours of admission and determine whether timing of surgery affected perioperative survival rate. Retrospective study. 63 dogs and 29 cats treated surgically for traumatic diaphragmatic hernia. Medical records were reviewed to evaluate associations between perioperative survival rates and variables including timing of surgery in relation to admission and acute versus chronic diaphragmatic hernia. Among the 92 animals, 82 (89.1%) were discharged alive after surgery. Sixty-four (69.6%) patients received surgical intervention within 12 hours of admission, and 84 (91.3%) received surgical intervention within 24 hours of admission. Median time from admission to discharge was 4 days (2 to 33 days). Data for acute cases (68 dogs and cats) were analyzed separately. Sixty-three (92.6%) patients with acute diaphragmatic hernia received surgical intervention within 24 hours of admission to the hospital, and 59 (93.7%) of these patients were discharged alive. Twenty-nine (42.6%) patients with acute diaphragmatic hernia received surgical intervention within 24 hours of trauma, and 26 of 29 (89.7%) patients were discharged alive. An overall acute and chronic perioperative survival rate of 89.7% was observed in dogs and cats that received surgical intervention within 24 hours of admission. Results in 68 dogs and cats that underwent surgery within 24 hours of admission suggested that early surgical intervention for acute diaphragmatic hernia was associated with good perioperative survival rates.

  5. Delayed intestinal obstruction due to posttraumatic diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menéndez-Sánchez, Pablo; Villarejo-Campos, Pedro; Padilla-Valverde, David; Sánchez-García, Susana; Jara-Sánchez, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    Diaphragmatic rupture can be missed during trauma diagnosis. Different pressures between the thorax and the abdomen allow the abdominal viscera to herniate into the chest cavity. Cardiorespiratory and abdominal symptoms may appear later due to passive compression and incarceration, respectively. We report the case of a 52-year-old female with abdominal pain and vomiting. Chest x-ray demonstrated an elevation of the right hemidiaphragm, and computed tomography showed herniation of small bowel and colon into the chest cavity with dilated small bowel due to a diaphragmatic hernia. History of traumatic events should be considered with high suspicion in the diagnostic process to avoid delayed diagnosis of this condition. The nonspecific symptoms of this condition often lead the patient to consult different specialists. A multidisciplinary approach is required and aimed at preventing an unnecessary increase of morbidity and mortality.

  6. Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a male cat - a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bicek, J.; Slaby, J.; Ordosova, K.

    2002-01-01

    A clinical case of peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a 7-months old Persian male cat is reported. The diagnosis was established after clinical examination, blood work and radiology, being finally confirmed by ultrasonography. Approach to the defect via ventral midline cranial celiotomy was chosen. Intrapericardially localised hepatic lobes and greater omentum were repositioned by traction and annulorrhaphy was performed. No complications occurred during convalescense and good long-term prognosis was predicted. Etiology, clinical signs and diagnosis of the disease are discussed and surgical solution is described, including a short discussion of surgical risks and complications

  7. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and complete tracheal rings: Repair on ECMO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasha J. Tharakan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A term newborn female presented with prenatally diagnosed congenital diaphragmatic hernia and postnatally diagnosed complete tracheal rings and tracheal stenosis. Initially, the spells associated with tracheal stenosis were misdiagnosed as pulmonary hypertension. Bronchoscopy showed a critically narrowed airway, and veno-arterial ECMO stabilized the baby for further workup. The endotracheal tube was removed while on ECMO to avoid further injury to the airway. Staged CDH repair followed by slide tracheoplasty were performed on ECMO. The multidisciplinary approach included neonatology, general surgery, otolaryngology, cardiac surgery and anesthesiology.

  8. Thoraco-abdominal asymmetry and asynchrony in congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laviola, Marianna; Zanini, Andrea; Priori, Rita; Macchini, Francesco; Leva, Ernesto; Torricelli, Maurizio; Ceruti, Clara; Aliverti, Andrea

    2015-09-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) consists of an incomplete formation of the diaphragm and the subsequent herniation of abdominal bowels. Diaphragmatic defect can be repaired by primary closure or placing a patch. Respiratory follow up usually focuses on spirometric and clinical evaluation. The aim of the study was to assess thoraco-abdominal volumes in CDH patients and to verify whether the action of the diaphragm on the chest wall is altered leading to an asymmetric and asynchronous expansion of the different thoracoabdominal compartments. Total and compartmental chest wall volumes and asynchronies were measured by Opto-Electronic Plethysmography in 14 CDH patients (7 M/7F, age 5 ± 2 years, 12 left side operated) and in 9 age matched healthy subjects during quiet spontaneous breathing in supine position. Patients were divided in two groups: five patients with suture (group S) and nine patients with diaphragmatic patch (group P). Pulmonary function was assessed by spirometry and spirometric parameters were expressed as Z-score. In group P abdominal contribution to tidal volume was lower than healthy controls and group S. Unlike controls, in both CDH groups the right side of pulmonary rib cage moved inward with a correspondent left side expansion during inspiration. In group S, thoraco-abdominal asynchronies were higher than in group P and controls, especially in the right side. Five patients belonging to group P had a spirometric obstructive pattern. In overall CDH patients a reduced action of the treated (left) hemi-diaphragm is evident. In patients treated by primary suture, a compensatory action of the right side allows to reach a normal total diaphragmatic displacement and a proper contribution of the whole diaphragm to tidal volume. In patients treated by diaphragmatic patch, instead, thoraco-abdominal asynchronies are prevented. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Late presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radović Saša V.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is a defect of the diaphragm with the penetration of organs of the abdominal cavity into thorax. Localization and size of the defect of the diaphragm condition the time and range of clinical manifestation. The most common is unilateral, without hernia sac, located on the left side, through posterolateral opening of the diaphragm and with clinical manifestation during the neonatal period. Smaller subgroup consists of patients with presentation outside the neonatal period with anatomic defect on the right side as is the case with our patient. Case Outline. Female infant aged seven months was hospitalized because of repeated episodes of shortness of breath and cough, with lack of progress in body weight. The discomforts had been present for the previous two months with an inadequate response to bronchodilator and antibiotic therapy used. After clinical, radiographic, ultrasound and computed tomography treatment, the right-sided diaphragmatic hernia was diagnosed, so surgical treatment followed. The defect of the diaphragm with hernia sac, through which the right lobe of the liver with visible line of entrapment, in the form of “hourglass”, is pushed into thoracic cavity, was intraoperatively identified. The reposition of the right lobe of the liver in the abdominal cavity along with reconstruction of the diaphragm using interrupted mattress sutures was performed. Conclusion. The late manifestation of CDH should be suspected in cases of inexplicable acute or chronic respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms with pathological radiography of the thorax. Accurate diagnosis and timely minimally invasive surgical intervention ensure an excellent prognosis.

  10. Clinical, echocardiographic, and radiographic findings of peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in two dogs and a cat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hay, W.H.; Woodfield, J.A.; Moon, M.A.

    1989-01-01

    Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia was diagnosed in 2 dogs and a cat. One dog was referred because of clinical signs of cardiac tamponade and acute decompensation from liver entrapment within the hernia. Surgical correction of the hernia alleviated clinical signs in all 3 animals. Echocardiography was used in combination with radiography to provide a rapid and accurate diagnosis

  11. Prenatal interventions for congenital diaphragmatic hernia for improving outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grivell, Rosalie M; Andersen, Chad; Dodd, Jodie M

    2015-11-27

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), is an uncommon but severe condition in which there is a developmental defect in the fetal diaphragm, resulting in liver and bowel migrating to the chest cavity and impairing lung development and function for the neonate. This condition can be diagnosed during pregnancy and as such, is potentially amenable to in-utero prenatal intervention. Neonatal surgical repair is possible, but even with early surgical repair and improving neonatal management, neonatal morbidity and mortality is high. Prenatal interventions described to date have included maternal antenatal corticosteroid administration and fetal tracheal occlusion, with both methods aiming to improve lung growth and maturity. However surgical procedures have potential maternal complications, as the uterus and amniotic sac are breached in order to gain access to the fetus. To compare the effects of prenatal versus postnatal interventions for CDH on perinatal mortality and morbidity, longer-term infant outcomes and maternal morbidity, and to compare the effects of different prenatal interventions with each other. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (31 August 2015) and reference lists of retrieved studies. All published (including those published in abstract form), unpublished, and ongoing randomised controlled trials comparing prenatal and postnatal interventions for fetuses with CDH. Quasi-RCTs were eligible for inclusion but none were identified. Trials using a cross-over design are not eligible for inclusion. Two review authors evaluated trials for inclusion and methodological quality without consideration of their results according to the stated eligibility criteria and extracted data independently. Data were checked for accuracy. We identified 11 studies for potential inclusion. Of those, we included three studies involving 97 women. Two additional studies are ongoing.Two trials examined in-utero fetal tracheal occlusion with

  12. Atypical right diaphragmatic hernia (hernia of Morgagni, spigelian hernia and epigastric hernia in a patient with Williams syndrome: a case report

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    Rashid Farhan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Williams syndrome is rare genetic disorder resulting in neurodevelopmental problems. Hernias of the foramen of Morgagni are rare diaphragmatic hernias and they mostly present on the right side, in the anterior mediastinum. They are usually asymptomatic and are difficult to diagnose, especially in patients with learning disabilities. Case presentation This 49-year-old woman with Williams syndrome, cognitive impairment and aortic stenosis presented to physicians with right-sided chest pain. She had previously undergone repair of her right spigelian and epigastric hernia. Her abdominal examination was unremarkable. Chest X-ray suggested right-sided diaphragmatic hernia and pleural effusion for which she received treatment. The computed tomography scan showed a diaphragmatic hernia with some collapse/consolidation of the adjacent lung. Furthermore, the patient had aortic stenosis and was high risk for anaesthesia (ASA grade 3. She underwent successful laparoscopic repair of her congenital diaphragmatic hernia leading to a quick and uneventful postoperative recovery. Conclusion These multiple hernias suggest that patients with Williams syndrome may have some connective tissue disorder which makes them prone to develop hernias especially associated with those parts of the body which may have intracavity pressure variations like the abdomen. Diaphragmatic hernia may be the cause of chest pain in these patients. A computed tomography scan helps in early diagnosis, and laparoscopic repair helps in prevention of further complications, and leads to quick recovery especially in patients with learning disabilities. In the presence of significant comorbidities, a less invasive operative procedure with quick recovery becomes advisable.

  13. Pulmonary Vascular Defects in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia : the quest for early factors and intervention : Pulmonale vasculaire defecten in congenitale hernia diafragmatica : de zoektocht naar vroege factoren en interventie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.S. Mous (Daphne)

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractCongenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a severe anomaly characterized by a diaphragmatic defect, lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. The associated pulmonary abnormalities are responsible for the high morbidity and mortality among patients with this disease. Vasodilator

  14. Long-term pulmonary sequelae in children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. IJsselstijn (Hanneke); W.C.J. Hop (Wim); D. Tibboel (Dick); J. Molenaar (Jan); J.C. de Jongste (Johan)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractNeonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) often suffer from respiratory insufficiency due to lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. Artificial ventilation is frequently required, and this leads to a high incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

  15. A Dive into the Wondrous World of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia : An international multicenter clinical approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.G. Snoek (Kitty)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractThe research described in this thesis addressed several aspects of the management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) after the introduction of a standardized neonatal treatment protocol. Most studies involved multicentre collaborative efforts of members of the CDH EURO

  16. In need of a patch UP: Recurrent congenital diaphragmatic hernia presenting with a large pleural effusion

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    Farhana Shariff

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of recurrent congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH presenting with a large unilateral pleural effusion. A 12-year old boy who had a left sided CDH repaired in the neonatal period, presented with fever, lethargy, and non-productive cough. Chest radiograph demonstrated a loculated pleural effusion. Computed tomography scan revealed recurrent herniation of abdominal contents. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a recurrent congenital diaphragmatic hernia presenting with large pleural effusion.

  17. Newborn male presented with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and choledochal cyst: A case report

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    Daniel Krebs

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH have an increased incidence of associated malformations, ranging from 10% to 50% higher than the general population [1–5]. Choedochal cysts, congenital cystic dilations of the biliary tree, are anomalies that have not yet been described in association with CDH. We describe a patient with a left congenital diaphragmatic hernia who was later diagnosed with a choledochal cyst.

  18. Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia in a 5-month-old boxer dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoddinott, Katie

    2013-05-01

    A 5-month-old intact male boxer dog was presented to the Metro Animal Emergency Clinic, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia after being hit by a car. Radiography identified a diaphragmatic hernia with the stomach herniated into the thoracic cavity. Diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy and splenectomy were performed without complication. The patient returned to his regular active lifestyle.

  19. New Insights into Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia – A Surgeon’s Introduction to CDH Animal Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Priscilla Pui Lam

    2014-01-01

    In recent decades, new research into the developmental defects and pathophysiological basis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has revealed opportunities for the development of innovative therapies. Importantly, the use of animal models to represent this anomaly in the laboratory has resulted in the discovery of many important genetic, epigenetic, and other molecular contributors to this condition. In this review, the most commonly used and newly devised animal models of CDH are presented to familiarize the reader with the latest innovations in the basic sciences. PMID:24809040

  20. New insights into congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH- a surgeon’s introduction to CDH animal models.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscilla Pui Lam Chiu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, new research into the developmental defects and pathophysiological basis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia has revealed opportunities for the development of innovative therapies. Importantly, the use of animal models to represent this anomaly in the laboratory has resulted in the discovery of many important genetic, epigenetic and other molecular contributors to this condition. In this review, the most commonly used and newly devised animal models of CDH are presented to familiarize the reader with the latest innovations in the basic sciences.

  1. New Insights into Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia - A Surgeon's Introduction to CDH Animal Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Priscilla Pui Lam

    2014-01-01

    In recent decades, new research into the developmental defects and pathophysiological basis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has revealed opportunities for the development of innovative therapies. Importantly, the use of animal models to represent this anomaly in the laboratory has resulted in the discovery of many important genetic, epigenetic, and other molecular contributors to this condition. In this review, the most commonly used and newly devised animal models of CDH are presented to familiarize the reader with the latest innovations in the basic sciences.

  2. Neonatal diabetes mellitus and congenital diaphragmatic hernia: coincidence or concurrent etiology?

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    Topiol Emmanuelle S

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM is a rare metabolic disorder, affecting approximately 1 in 500,000 live births. The management of NDM is challenging, as the benefits of controlling hyperglycemia must be balanced with the risks of iatrogenic hypoglycemia. NDM occurs in both permanent and transient forms, which have been genetically and phenotypically well characterized. Herein, we present the previously unreported combination of transient NDM (TNDM and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH. In addition to reviewing the management and genetics of NDM we discuss the potential for overlapping genetic or embryologic abnormalities to explain the concurrence of CDH and NDM.

  3. Preoperative cardiorespiratory trends in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffitt, S T; Schulze, K F; Sahni, R; Wung, J T; Myers, M M; Stolar, C J

    1995-04-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the cardiovascular and pulmonary adaptations of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) from birth until delayed surgery through the use of continuous monitoring. Continuous cardiovascular (HR, heart rate variability [HR-SD], BP, blood pressure variability [BP-SD], and oxygen saturation) and ventilatory (minute volume, airway pressure, and effective compliance) measurements were made on-line, using a computerized whole-body plethysmograph-incubator (Vital-trends, VT1000), in nine ventilated infants with CDH. Data collection commenced at birth and continued until surgery. Minute mean values for each variable were recorded. Hourly means were computed from the minute means, averaged across infants each hour over the first 50 hours of life, and regressed against postnatal age. Results showed a significant increase in BP (P newborn infants. Deviation from these idealized patterns may identify an infant who is not responding satisfactorily to the given therapy and who may require alternative treatment modalities.

  4. Congenital peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a terrier dog

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    Reza Kheirandish

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A one-month-old male terrier dog was referred in shock status with a history of anorexia, tachypnea, abdominal distention and progressive weight loss. Auscultation of right side of the lungs found enhanced respiratory noises. The thorough auscultation of the opposite side of the chest revealed the presence of typical intestinal sounds. Cardiac auscultation revealed muffled heart sounds and a diminished palpable precordial cardiac impulse was evident. The radiograph showed the presence of gas within the bowel in abrupt contrast to the adjacent structures of soft tissue opacity. Conservative treatment was failed and the animal died. At necropsy, cranial displacement of abdominal viscera into the pericardial sac was seen. A definitive diagnosis of peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia was made. Although congenital pericardial diseases are rare in dogs, awareness of the clinical manifestation of these kinds of defects combined with early use of available imaging modalities can yield a preoperative diagnosis.

  5. Fetoscopic tracheal occlusion for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia: retrospective study

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    Angélica de Fátima de Assunção Braga

    Full Text Available Abstract Background and objectives: The temporary fetal tracheal occlusion performed by fetoscopy accelerates lung development and reduces neonatal mortality. The aim of this paper is to present an anesthetic experience in pregnant women, whose fetuses have diaphragmatic hernia, undergoing fetoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO. Method: Retrospective, descriptive study, approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee. Data were obtained from medical and anesthetic records. Results: FETO was performed in 28 pregnant women. Demographic characteristics: age 29.8 ± 6.5; weight 68.64 ± 12.26; ASA I and II. Obstetric: IG 26.1 ± 1.10 weeks (in FETO; 32.86 ± 1.58 (reversal of occlusion; 34.96 ± 2.78 (delivery. Delivery: cesarean section, vaginal delivery. Fetal data: Weight (g in the occlusion and delivery times, respectively (1045.82 ± 222.2 and 2294 ± 553; RPC in FETO and reversal of occlusion: 0.7 ± 0.15 and 1.32 ± 0.34, respectively. Preoperative maternal anesthesia included ranitidine and metoclopramide, nifedipine (VO and indomethacin (rectal. Preanesthetic medication with midazolam IV. Anesthetic techniques: combination of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine (5-10 mg and sufentanil; continuous epidural predominantly with 0.5% bupivacaine associated with sufentanil, fentanyl, or morphine; general. In 8 cases, there was need to complement via catheter, with 5 submitted to PC and 3 to BC. Thirteen patients required intraoperative sedation; ephedrine was used in 15 patients. Fetal anesthesia: fentanyl 10-20 mg.kg-1 and pancuronium 0.1-0.2 mg.kg-1 (IM. Neonatal survival rate was 60.7%. Conclusion: FETO is a minimally invasive technique for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair. Combined blockade associated with sedation and fetal anesthesia proved safe and effective for tracheal occlusion.

  6. Kif7 expression is decreased in the diaphragmatic and pulmonary mesenchyme of nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Toshiaki; Friedmacher, Florian; Takahashi, Hiromizu; Hofmann, Alejandro Daniel; Puri, Prem

    2015-06-01

    Developmental mutations that inhibit diaphragmatic and pulmonary mesenchyme formation have been shown to cause congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and pulmonary hypoplasia (PH). Kinesin family member 7 (Kif7) plays a crucial role in diaphragmatic and pulmonary morphogenesis by controlling proliferation of mesenchymal cells. Loss of Kif7 has been reported to result in diaphragmatic defects and PH. We hypothesized that diaphragmatic and pulmonary Kif7 expression is decreased in the nitrofen-induced CDH model. Timed-pregnant rats were exposed to either nitrofen or vehicle on gestational day 9 (D9). Fetal diaphragms and lungs were microdissected on D13, D15, and D18, and divided into control and nitrofen-exposed specimens. Gene expression levels of Kif7 were analyzed by qPCR. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to evaluate Kif7 protein expression. Relative mRNA expression of Kif7 was significantly reduced in pleuroperitoneal folds (D13), developing diaphragms and lungs (D15), and fully muscularized diaphragms and differentiated lungs (D18) of nitrofen-exposed fetuses compared to controls. Immunoreactivity/immunofluorescence of Kif7 was markedly decreased in diaphragmatic and pulmonary mesenchyme of nitrofen-exposed fetuses on D13, D15, and D18 compared to controls. Decreased Kif7 expression during diaphragmatic development may interfere with mesenchymal cell proliferation, leading to defective pleuroperitoneal folds, and resulting in diaphragmatic defects and associated PH in the nitrofen-induced CDH model. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Congenital cranial ventral abdominal hernia, peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia and sternal cleft in a 4-year-old multiparous pregnant queen

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    Camille Bismuth

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Case summary Cranial ventral midline hernias, most often congenital, can be associated with other congenital abnormalities, such as sternal, diaphragmatic or cardiac malformations. A 4-year-old multiparous queen with a substernal hernia was admitted for evaluation of a mammary mass. During CT examination, a bifid sternum, the abdominal hernia containing the intestines, spleen, omentum, three fetuses, a mammary mass and an incidental peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia were identified. Surgery consisted of a standard ovariohysterectomy and repair of the peritoneopericardial hernia. Primary closure of the abdominal hernia was attempted but deemed impossible even after the ovariohysterectomy, splenectomy and a partial omentectomy. An external abdominal oblique muscle flap was used to close with no tension on the cranial part of the hernia. One month postoperatively, the queen had no respiratory abnormalities and the herniorrhaphy was fully healed. Relevance and novel information This case is the first description of a 4-year-old multiparous pregnant queen with complex congenital malformations and surgical correction of a peritoneopericardial hernia and a 6 × 8 cmsubsternal hernia with an external abdominal oblique muscle flap. Life-threatening sequelae associated with large abdominal hernias can be attributed to space-occupying effects known as loss of domain and compartment syndrome, which is why a muscle flap was used in this case. The sternal cleft was not repaired because of the size of the cleft and the age of the cat.

  8. Prenatal detection and outcome of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) associated with deletion of chromosome 15q26: two patients and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaassens, M; Galjaard, R J H; Scott, D A; Brüggenwirth, H T; van Opstal, D; Fox, M V; Higgins, R R; Cohen-Overbeek, T E; Schoonderwaldt, E M; Lee, B; Tibboel, D; de Klein, A

    2007-09-15

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a severe birth defect characterized by a defect in the diaphragm with pulmonary hypoplasia and postnatal pulmonary hypertension. Approximately 50% of CDH cases are associated with other non-pulmonary congenital anomalies (so called non-isolated CDH) and in 5-10% of cases there is a chromosomal etiology. The majority of CDH cases are detected prenatally. In some cases prenatal chromosome analysis reveals a causative chromosomal anomaly, most often aneuploidy. Deletion of 15q26 is the most frequently described structural chromosomal aberration in patients with non-isolated CDH. In this paper we report on two patients with a deletion of 15q26 and phenotypes similar to other patients with CDH caused by 15q26 deletions. This phenotype consists of intra-uterine growth retardation, left-sided CDH, cardiac anomalies and characteristic facial features, similar to those seen in Fryns syndrome. We propose that when this combination of birth defects is identified, either pre- or postnatally, further investigations to confirm or exclude a deletion of 15q26 are indicated, since the diagnosis of this deletion will have major consequences for the prognosis and, therefore, can affect decision making. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  9. Cameron Ulcer Causing Severe Anemia in a Patient with Diaphragmatic Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Prashant; Suryadevara, Madhu; Das, Avash; Falterman, James

    2015-10-15

    Cameron lesions are linear gastric erosions on the mucosal folds at the diaphragmatic impressions found in patients with large hiatal hernias. While usually asymptomatic, hiatal hernias can result in serious sequelae, as this case report will clearly illustrate. Cameron lesions are clinically significant because of their ability to cause significant acute, chronic, or obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, often requiring blood transfusions. In this report, we present the case of a 51-year-old white woman who originally presented to the Emergency Department with complaints of a runny nose, dry cough, generalized weakness, and muscle cramping ascribed to a viral infection. However, closer examination revealed substantial pallor with pale conjunctiva prompting further workup that revealed substantial anaemia. Upon further inquiry of her past medical history, she revealed the need for previous blood transfusions, and meticulous review of her medical record indicated a previous diagnosis of hiatal hernia with the presence of Cameron lesions based on esophagogastroduodenoscopy 2 years prior. This case emphasizes the need for a high index of suspicion for Cameron lesions as a causative agent of substantial blood loss in patients with hiatal hernias after other common causes of gastrointestinal bleeding have been ruled out.

  10. Surgical management of the newborn with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsao, Kuojen; Lally, Kevin P

    2011-01-01

    Despite advances in the surgical treatment and medical management over the last 20 years, neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) remain one of the most challenging patient groups for all clinicians. Treatment strategies have shifted from emergent surgical repair and maximum ventilatory support to delayed repair and preoperative hemodynamic stabilization with lung-sparing ventilation strategies and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Subsequently, overall survival has improved to as high as 80% in some centers. However, specific treatment criteria are vague and highly variable amongst centers. This lack of consensus of these treatment modalities remains elusive due to the heterogeneity in disease severity as well as heterogeneity in patient care amongst centers. As a result of the rare incidence of disease and limited experience of individual centers, the evidence for CDH is typically reported as a homogenous disease largely supported by case series and networked-based studies. To better evaluate the data and compare treatment strategies, a classification and stratification of disease and centers is needed. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  11. Right versus left congenital diaphragmatic hernia - What's the difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgos, Carmen Mesas; Frenckner, Björn; Luco, Matias; Harting, Matthew T; Lally, Pamela A; Lally, Kevin P

    2017-10-12

    Right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH) and bigger defect sizes have been associated with poorer outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate right- and left-sided CDH in terms of size, survival, associated anomalies, and morbidity. We used information from a multicenter, multinational database including patients with CDH born between 2007 and 2015. All infants with data on defect side were included for this analysis. We compared differences in outcomes between right- and left-sided CDH. Further analysis on the association between side, size of the defect, and outcome was performed. A total of 3754 cases of CDH were entered in the registry between January 2007 and September 2015, with an overall survival of 71%. Of those, 598 (16%) were right-sided and 3156 left-sided, with a survival rate of 67% and 72%, respectively. Right-sided CDH had a larger proportion of C and D defects (pCDH, not the side itself, accounts for the reported poorer survival in right-sided CDH. Level I for a prognosis study - This is a high-quality, prospective cohort study with 99% of patients followed to the study end point (death or discharge). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Lung eicosanoids in perinatal rats with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

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    H. Ijsselstijn

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Abnormal levels of pulmonary eicosanoids have been reported in infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPH and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH. We hypothesized that a dysbalance of vasoconstrictive and vasodilatory eicosanoids is involved in PPH in CDH patients. The levels of several eicosanoids in lung homogenates and in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of controls and rats with CDH were measured after caesarean section or spontaneous birth. In controls the concentration of the stable metabolite of prostacyclin (6-keto-PGF1α, thromboxane A2 (TxB2, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2, and leukotriene B4 (LTB4 decreased after spontaneous birth. CDH pups showed respiratory insufficiency directly after birth. Their lungs had higher levels of 6- keto-PGF1α, reflecting the pulmonary vasodilator prostacyclin (PGI2, than those of controls. We conclude that in CDH abnormal lung eicosanoid levels are present perinatally. The elevated levels of 6-keto-PGF1α in CDH may reflect a compensation mechanism for increased vascular resistance.

  13. Improved Outcomes in Management of Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Associated with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: an Algorithmic Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balduf, Kaitlin; Kumar, T K Susheel; Boston, Umar; Sathanandam, Shyam; Lee, Marc V; Jancelewicz, Tim; Knott-Craig, Christopher J

    2018-02-12

    Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is the second most common congenital heart disease associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The reported survival of neonates with CDH and HLHS is only 1-5%. We review our experience with CDH and HLHS and compare our outcomes to published literature. Retrospective review of all neonates with CDH and HLHS at our institution over a 10 year period was performed. The morphology of cardiac and diaphragm defects, clinical course, treatment strategies and outcomes were reviewed and an algorithmic approach is proposed. Five patients with CDH and HLHS were treated between 2006-2016. All had mitral stenosis with aortic stenosis (MS/AS). Four patients had a left-sided Bochdalek diaphragmatic hernia and one had a large bilateral Morgagni hernia. Two (2/4) of the Bochdalek hernias were associated with significant pulmonary hypoplasia and required patch closure of the CDH; both were palliated with percutaneous ductal stents and both died. Three patients underwent primary Norwood operation followed by repair of less severe CDH defect. All three patients are currently well and have survived bidirectional Glenn anastomosis; one is well following Fontan operation. Successful palliation of neonates with HLHS and associated CDH is possible in the current era. Outcome is determined primarily by the severity of the CDH and the degree of associated pulmonary hypoplasia. An algorithmic team approach is helpful in management of this difficult group of patients. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  14. Robot-assisted repair of diaphragmatic hernias following ventricular assist device implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ongele, M O; Benrashid, E; Gilmore, B F; Schroder, J; Hartwig, M; Zani, S

    2018-02-01

    Use of ventricular assist devices (VADs) is increasingly common, as is the need for surgeons to be familiar with the management of common complications in this population. Nonetheless, repair of diaphragmatic hernias which commonly develop following VAD implantation remains technically challenging due to intra-abdominal adhesions and the proximity of vital structures. Despite the potential benefits of improved dexterity and visualization, robotic approaches have thus far not been used to address this. We present the first two described cases of robot-assisted repair of diaphragmatic hernias in the setting of prior or current VAD placement.

  15. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia as a part of Nance-Horan syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kammoun, Molka; Brady, Paul; De Catte, Luc; Deprest, Jan; Devriendt, Koenraad; Vermeesch, Joris Robert

    2018-03-01

    Nance-Horan syndrome is a rare X-linked developmental disorder characterized by bilateral congenital cataract, dental anomalies, facial dysmorphism, and intellectual disability. Here, we identify a patient with Nance-Horan syndrome caused by a new nonsense NHS variant. In addition, the patient presented congenital diaphragmatic hernia. NHS gene expression in murine fetal diaphragm was demonstrated, suggesting a possible involvement of NHS in diaphragm development. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia could result from NHS loss of function in pleuroperitoneal fold or in somites-derived muscle progenitor cells leading to an impairment of their cells migration.

  16. Stomach in Contact with the Bladder: A Sonographic Sign of Left Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiello, Horacio; Meller, César; Vázquez, Lucía; Otaño, Lucas

    2016-01-01

    The evaluation of the characteristics of the fetal stomach should be part of every routine prenatal ultrasound after 11 weeks. A position that has not been previously described in the literature is the stomach in contact with the bladder. We describe 6 cases with the ultrasonographic finding of the stomach in contact with the bladder, all of them in fetuses with left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Even though the reasons for this striking position of the stomach are not clear, our series highlights the fact that the visualization of the stomach in contact with the bladder may be a specific sonographic marker of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  17. Antenatal predictors of outcome in prenatally diagnosed congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oluyomi-Obi, Titilayo; Kuret, Verena; Puligandla, Pramod; Lodha, Abhay; Lee-Robertson, Helen; Lee, Kovid; Somerset, David; Johnson, Joann; Ryan, Greg

    2017-05-01

    Pulmonary hypoplasia is the main cause of mortality in isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and its prediction is paramount when counseling parents. We sought to identify antenatal parameters that predicted neonatal mortality in CDH. Search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic reviews, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science on the ability of lung-to-head ratio (LHR), observed-to-expected LHR (o/e LHR), total fetal lung volume (TFLV), o/e TFLV, percentage predicted lung volume (PPLV) and degree of liver herniation to predict neonatal morbidity and mortality in fetuses with CDH. Primary outcome was perinatal survival and secondary was the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Until April 2016, 1067 articles were found, of which 22 were included in our meta-analysis. This showed that the odds of survival with LHR CDH. Level II Type of study: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) etiology as revealed by pathway genetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kantarci, Sibel; Donahoe, Patricia K

    2007-05-15

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a common birth defect with high mortality and morbidity. Two hundred seventy CDH patients were ascertained, carefully phenotyped, and classified as isolated (diaphragm defects alone) or complex (with additional anomalies) cases. We established different strategies to reveal CDH-critical chromosome loci and genes in humans. Candidate genes for sequencing analyses were selected from CDH animal models, genetic intervals of recurrent chromosomal aberration in humans, such as 15q26.1-q26.2 or 1q41-q42.12, as well as genes in the retinoic acid and related pathways and those known to be involved in embryonic lung development. For instance, FOG2, GATA4, and COUP-TFII are all needed for both normal diaphragm and lung development and are likely all in the same genetic and molecular pathway. Linkage analysis was applied first in a large inbred family and then in four multiplex families with Donnai-Barrow syndrome (DBS) associated with CDH. 10K SNP chip and microsatellite markers revealed a DBS locus on chromosome 2q23.3-q31.1. We applied array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) techniques to over 30, mostly complex, CDH patients and found a de novo microdeletion in a patient with Fryns syndrome related to CDH. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) techniques allowed us to further define the deletion interval. Our aim is to identify genetic intervals and, in those, to prioritize genes that might reveal molecular pathways, mutations in any step of which, might contribute to the same phenotype. More important, the elucidation of pathways may ultimately provide clues to treatment strategies. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  19. Sepsis risk factors in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Michaël; Le Sache, Nolwenn; Mokhtari, Mostafa; Fagherazzi, Guy; Cuzon, Gaelle; Bueno, Benjamin; Fouquet, Virginie; Benachi, Alexandra; Eleni Dit Trolli, Sergio; Tissieres, Pierre

    2017-12-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare congenital anomaly and remains among the most challenging ICU-managed disease. Beside severe pulmonary hypertension, lung hypoplasia and major abdominal surgery, infective complications remain major determinants of outcome. However, the specific incidence of sepsis as well as associated risk factors is unknown. This prospective, 4-year observational study took place in the pediatric intensive care and neonatal medicine department of the Paris South University Hospitals (Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France), CDH national referral center and involved 62 neonates with CDH. During their ICU stay, 28 patients (45%) developed 38 sepsis episodes. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP: 23/38; 31.9 VAP per 1000 days of mechanical ventilation) and central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI: 5/38; 5.5 per 1000 line days) were the most frequently encountered infections. Multivariate analysis showed that gestational age at birth and intra-thoracic position of liver were significantly associated with the occurrence of sepsis. Infected patients had longer duration of mechanical and noninvasive ventilation (16.2 and 5.8 days, respectively), longer delay to first feeding (1.2 days) and a longer length of stay in ICU (23 days), but there was no difference in mortality. Healthcare-associated infections, and more specifically VAP, are the main infective threat in children with CDH. Sepsis has a significant impact on the duration of ventilator support and ICU length of stay but does not impact mortality. Low gestational age and intra-thoracic localization of the liver are two independent risk factors associated with sepsis.

  20. Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia: a retrospective study of 31 cats and eight dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banz, Angela C; Gottfried, Sharon D

    2010-01-01

    The records of 31 cats and eight dogs undergoing surgical correction of peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) from 2000 through 2007 were reviewed. Weimaraners and long-haired cats of varying breeds, particularly Maine Coon cats, appear to be at higher risk of PPDH. Presenting complaints were most commonly related to the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts in both dogs and cats, although respiratory signs were more prevalent in cats, and gastrointestinal signs were more common in dogs. The most common herniated organs were liver, gallbladder, and small intestine. Mortality associated with surgical repair of PPDH in cats and dogs was low in the first 2 weeks postoperatively, and prognosis for return to normal function was excellent. Peri-and postoperative complications were typically minor and self-limiting.

  1. Prenatal prediction of neonatal morbidity in survivors with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a multicenter study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jani, J.C.; Benachi, A.; Nicolaides, K.H.; Allegaert, K.; Gratacos, E.; Mazkereth, R.; Matis, J.; Tibboel, D.; Heyst, A.F.J. van; Storme, L.; Rousseau, V.; Greenough, A.; Deprest, J.A.; Eggink, A.J.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate the value of the observed to expected fetal lung area to head circumference ratio (o/e LHR) and liver position in the prediction of neonatal morbidity in survivors with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: Neonatal morbidity was recorded in 100 consecutive cases

  2. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in a Case of Patau Syndrome: A Rare Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    A, Jain; P, Kumar; A, Jindal; Yk, Sarin

    2015-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) occurs in 5-10% associated with chromosomal abnormalities like, Pallister Killian syndrome, Trisomy 18, and certain deletions.. Association of CDH with trisomy 13 (Patau syndromes) is very rare. Here, we report such an unusual association, where surgical repair was done, but eventually the case succumbed as a result of multiple fatal co-morbidities. PMID:26034714

  3. Psychological outcome and quality of life in children born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peetsold, M.; Huisman, J.; Hofman, V.E.; Heij, H.A.; Raat, H.; Gemke, R.J.B.J.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess psychological and social functioning as well as health-related quality of life and its early determinants in children born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). DESIGN: Cross-sectional follow-up study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic of a tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS:

  4. Inhalation of nitric oxide as a treatment of pulmonary hypertension in congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henneberg, Steen Winther; Jepsen, S; Andersen, P K

    1995-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) still has a mortality risk of around 40%. The concomitant pulmonary hypoplasia and the persistent pulmonary hypertension are of major prognostic importance. The use of a selective pulmonary vasodilator may revert this vicious circle that is fatal to many...

  5. Standardized postnatal management of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia in Europe: the CDH EURO Consortium consensus.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reiss, I.; Schaible, T.; Hout, L. van den; Capolupo, I.; Allegaert, K.; Heyst, A.F.J. van; Gorett Silva, M.; Greenough, A.; Tibboel, D.

    2010-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with high mortality and morbidity. To date, there are no standardized protocols for the treatment of infants with this anomaly. However, protocols based on the literature and expert opinion might improve outcome. This paper is a consensus statement

  6. A Black Hole? Epidemiological and molecular biological studies on the etiology of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.W.J.E. Beurkens (Leonardus)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractCongenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) is a severe birth defect that affects approximately 1 in 3,000 newborns. The etiology of CDH is largely unknown. The clinical presentation is variable, but is usually characterized by cardiopulmonary distress caused by underdevelopment of the lungs

  7. Expression of hypoxia-inducible factors, regulators, and target genes in congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.W.J.M. van der Horst; P. Rajatapiti (Prapapan); P. van der Voorn (Paul); F.H. van Nederveen (Francien); D. Tibboel (Dick); R.J. Rottier (Robbert); I.K.M. Reiss (Irwin); R.R. de Krijger (Ronald)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractCongenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension and has high morbidity and mortality rates. The cause and pathophysiology of CDH are not fully understood. However, impaired angiogenesis appears to play an important role in the

  8. Epidemiology of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in Europe : a register-based study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McGivern, Mark R.; Best, Kate E.; Rankin, Judith; Wellesley, Diana; Greenlees, Ruth; Addor, Marie-Claude; Arriola, Larraitz; de Walle, Hermien; Barisic, Ingeborg; Beres, Judit; Bianchi, Fabrizio; Calzolari, Elisa; Doray, Berenice; Draper, Elizabeth S.; Garne, Ester; Gatt, Miriam; Haeusler, Martin; Khoshnood, Babak; Klungsoyr, Kari; Latos-Bielenska, Anna; O'Mahony, Mary; Braz, Paula; McDonnell, Bob; Mullaney, Carmel; Nelen, Vera; Queisser-Luft, Anette; Randrianaivo, Hanitra; Rissmann, Anke; Rounding, Catherine; Sipek, Antonin; Thompson, Rosie; Tucker, David; Wertelecki, Wladimir; Martos, Carmen

    Introduction Published prevalence rates of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) vary. This study aims to describe the epidemiology of CDH using data from high-quality, population-based registers belonging to the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT). Methods Cases of CDH delivered

  9. Standardized postnatal management of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia in Europe: The CDH EURO consortium consensus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.K.M. Reiss (Irwin); T. Schaible (Thomas); L. de Jongste-van den Hout (Lieke); I. Capolupo (Irma); K.M. Allegaert (Karel); A.F.J. van Heijst (Arno); M. Gorett Silva; A. Greenough; D. Tibboel (Dick)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractCongenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with high mortality and morbidity. To date, there are no standardized protocols for the treatment of infants with this anomaly. However, protocols based on the literature and expert opinion might improve outcome. This paper is a

  10. The Cellular Origin of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia and Potential Translational Approaches

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.M. Kool (Heleen)

    2018-01-01

    markdownabstractCongenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a life-threatening congenital disease which occurs approximately 1:2500 life births. CDH is characterized by a defect in the diaphragm, pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH). The PH associated with CDH is the cause of long

  11. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in a Case of Patau Syndrome: A Rare Association

    OpenAIRE

    A, Jain; P, Kumar; A, Jindal; Yk, Sarin

    2015-01-01

    Congenital DiaphragmaticHernia (CDH) occurs in 5-10% associated with chromosomal abnormalities like, Pallister Killian syndrome, Trisomy 18, and certain deletions. Association of CDH with trisomy 13 (Patau syndromes) is very rare. Here, we report such an unusual association, where surgical repair was done, but eventually the case succumbed as a result of multiple fatal co-morbidities.

  12. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia in a case of patau syndrome: a rare association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    A, Jain; P, Kumar; A, Jindal; Yk, Sarin

    2015-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) occurs in 5-10% associated with chromosomal abnormalities like, Pallister Killian syndrome, Trisomy 18, and certain deletions.. Association of CDH with trisomy 13 (Patau syndromes) is very rare. Here, we report such an unusual association, where surgical repair was done, but eventually the case succumbed as a result of multiple fatal co-morbidities.

  13. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Long-term Risk of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peetsold, Marieke G.; Kneepkens, C. M. F. Frank; Heij, Hugo A.; Ijsselstijn, Hanneke; Tibboel, Dick; Gemke, Reinoud J. B. J.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a well-recognized consequence of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Results of studies examining predictive factors for early and late GERD are inconclusive. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of early ( <2 years) and late GERD

  14. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: The Side of Diaphragmatic Defect and Associated Nondiaphragmatic Malformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grizelj, Ruža; Bojanić, Katarina; Vuković, Jurica; Weingarten, Toby N; Schroeder, Darrell R; Sprung, Juraj

    2017-07-01

    Background  Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has different clinical presentations depending on whether it is right sided (R-CDH) or left sided (L-CDH). Some have suggested that L-CDH and R-CDH may represent different syndromic phenotypes. This theory would be indirectly supported if different nondiaphragmatic anomalies were associated with laterality. We assessed whether CDH laterality is associated with specific types of nondiaphragmatic anomalies. Methods  Cases of CDH were retrospectively identified from five centers, and associated congenital anomalies, prenatal diagnosis, demographics, birth characteristics, and side of the CDH were analyzed. CDH characteristics were summarized according to the absence (isolated) or presence (complex) of nondiaphragmatic malformations. Results  Among 228 neonates with CDH, 140 (61%) had isolated CDH and 88 (39%) had complex CDH. Complex CDH was significantly associated with being small for gestational age (odds ratio [95% confidence interval, CI]: 8.3 [1.9-35.7]; p  = 0.005) and having L-CDH (odds ratio [95% CI]: 3.6 [1.5-8.9]; p  = 0.005). The overall proportion with anomalies differed by side (42% for L-CDH, 23% for R-CDH; p  = 0.02), but the rates of anomalies in specific organ systems did not differ. Conclusion  The rate of associated nondiaphragmatic anomalies by specific organ system did not differ between L-CDH and R-CDH, which suggests that they represent the same phenotypic entity. Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

  15. Fetal Stomach Position Predicts Neonatal Outcomes in Isolated Left-Sided Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basta, Amaya M; Lusk, Leslie A; Keller, Roberta L; Filly, Roy A

    2016-01-01

    We sought to determine the relationship between the degree of stomach herniation by antenatal sonography and neonatal outcomes in fetuses with isolated left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We retrospectively reviewed neonatal medical records and antenatal sonography of fetuses with isolated left CDH cared for at a single institution (2000-2012). Fetal stomach position was classified on sonography as follows: intra-abdominal, anterior left chest, mid-to-posterior left chest, or retrocardiac (right chest). Ninety fetuses were included with 70% surviving to neonatal discharge. Stomach position was intra-abdominal in 14% (n = 13), anterior left chest in 19% (n = 17), mid-to-posterior left chest in 41% (n = 37), and retrocardiac in 26% (n = 23). Increasingly abnormal stomach position was linearly associated with an increased odds of death (OR 4.8, 95% CI 2.1-10.9), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO; OR 5.6, 95% CI 1.9-16.7), nonprimary diaphragmatic repair (OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.4-5.5), prolonged mechanical ventilation (OR 5.9, 95% CI 2.3-15.6), and prolonged respiratory support (OR 4.0, 95% CI 1.6-9.9). All fetuses with intra-abdominal stomach position survived without substantial respiratory morbidity or need for ECMO. Fetal stomach position is strongly associated with neonatal outcomes in isolated left CDH. This objective tool may allow for accurate prognostication in a variety of clinical settings. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  16. Coexistence of congenital diaphragmatic hernia and abdominal wall closure defect with chromosomal abnormality: two case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Seiichiro; Odaka, Akio; Muta, Yuki; Beck, Yoshifumi; Sobajima, Hisanori; Tamura, Masanori

    2016-01-22

    We reported two rare cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia with abdominal wall closure defect, which were not associated with septum transversum diaphragmatic defects or Fryns syndrome. Case 1: a Japanese baby boy was delivered at 37 weeks' gestation by urgent cesarean section because of the diagnosis of severe fetal distress. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia with omphalocele was prenatally diagnosed with fetal ultrasound. A ruptured omphalocele was confirmed at delivery. A silo was established on the day of his birth; direct closure of his diaphragmatic defect and abdominal wall closure was performed on the fifth day after his birth. Trisomy 13 was confirmed by genetic examination. His postoperative course was uneventful and he was discharged 5 months postnatally with home oxygen therapy. He was readmitted because of heart failure and died at 6 months. Case 2: a Japanese baby boy, who was prenatally diagnosed with gastroschisis, was delivered at 35 weeks' gestation by urgent cesarean section because of the diagnosis of fetal distress. Silo construction using a wound retractor was performed on the day of his birth and direct abdominal closure was performed on the tenth day after his birth. Trisomy 21 was confirmed by genetic examination. Treatment for his respiratory distress was continued after surgery. A retrosternal hernia was revealed at 6 months and direct closure of retrosternal diaphragm with the resection of hernia sac was performed. His postoperative course was uneventful and he was discharged with home oxygen therapy. Attention should be paid to chromosomal abnormality in cases in which the coexistence of congenital diaphragmatic hernia and abdominal wall closure defect are observed.

  17. Diaphragmatic hernia repair using a rectus abdominis muscle pedicle flap in three dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chantawong, P; Komin, K; Banlunara, W; Kalpravidh, M

    2013-01-01

    To report the clinical use of a pedicle flap from the rectus abdominis muscle to repair extensive diaphragmatic tears in dogs with diaphragmatic hernia. Three dogs with a combination of radial and circumferential diaphragmatic tears were studied. The circumferential tear was repaired by suturing the wound edge with the edge at the abdominal wall. A pedicle flap of the rectus abdominis muscle was used for repairing the radial tear. The dogs were examined radiographically for lung and diaphragm appearance and evidence of reherniation at 10 days, and at one, two, and four months after surgery, and fluoroscopically for paradoxical motion of the diaphragm at one and four months. The rectus abdominis muscle pedicle flap was successfully used in all three dogs. The animals recovered uneventfully without evidence of reherniation during the four follow-up months. Fluoroscopic examination revealed no paradoxical motion of the diaphragm. A rectus abdominis muscle pedicle flap can be used for repairing large diaphragmatic defects in dogs.

  18. LATE PRESENTATION OF CONGENITAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA IN ADULTS: “OUR EXPERIENCE”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejeswi S

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Congenital D iaphragmatic H ernia (CDH usually presents with respiratory distress in the neonatal period. Late onset CDH is less common and is associated with a wide range of clinical symptoms. The authors report two cases with late presentation of congenit al diaphragmatic hernia. Two previously healthy patients presented to the hospital with vague gastrointestinal and cardio respiratory symptoms and were investigated with chest radiographs and computed tomographic scans of thorax which suggested the diagnos is of Diaphragmatic Hernia. Contents of the hernia (viz. spleen and bowel loops in the first case and omentum in the other case were reduced and mesh repair was done. Post - operative recovery was uneventful. These cases throw light on the diagnostic challe nges of this disease due to its diverse clinical presentation, the importance of prompt diagnosis and intervention. Early correct diagnosis and treatment are associated with an excellent clinical outcome.

  19. Enhanced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in lungs of newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and pulmonary hypertension

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.M.K. Shehata; W.J. Mooi (Wolter); T. Okazaki (Tadaharu); I. El-Banna; H.S. Sharma (Hari); D. Tibboel (Dick)

    1999-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypoplasia accompanied by pulmonary hypertension resistant to treatment is an important feature of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The pathogenesis of the pulmonary vascular abnormalities in CDH remains to be elucidated at the

  20. Spatial and temporal expression of glucocorticoid, retinoid, and thyroid hormone receptors is not altered in lungs of congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rajatapiti, Prapapan; Keijzer, Richard; Blommaart, Pietjan E.; Lamers, Wouter H.; de Krijger, Ronald R.; Visser, Theo J.; Tibboel, Dick; Rottier, Robbert

    2006-01-01

    The degree of associated pulmonary hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension are major determination factors for survival in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients. Glucocorticoids, thyroid hormone, and vitamin A have been shown to be involved in human lung development. To determine

  1. Radiographic findings in late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia: helpful imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muzzafar, Sofia; Swischuk, Leonard E.; Jadhav, Siddharth P. [University of Texas Medical Branch, Department of Pediatric Radiology, Galveston, TX (United States)

    2012-03-15

    Imaging findings in delayed presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia can be confusing and misleading, resulting in a delay in diagnosis. To evaluate the often puzzling plain film findings of late-presenting CDH in an effort to determine whether any of the findings could be helpful in arriving at an early diagnosis. We reviewed and documented the plain film findings and clinical data in eight patients seen during the last 20 years with late-presenting CDH. IRB exempt status was obtained in this study. There were five boys and three girls. The age range was 4 months to 12 years with a mean of 2.4 years. Five children presented with acute respiratory problems while three presented with acute abdominal pain. Two children presented with both respiratory and abdominal findings and one also presented with hematemesis. Two children had radiographic findings that were not difficult to analyze while the remaining six had findings that posed initial diagnostic problems. Although not common, late-presenting CDH can result in confusing plain film radiographic findings and a delay in diagnosis. We found that the most important finding in analyzing these radiographs is in evaluating the location and position of the gastric bubble with the more common left-side hernias. (orig.)

  2. Pulmonary surfactant protein A, B, and C mRNA and protein expression in the nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia rat model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Tuyl, Minke; Blommaart, Piet jan E.; Keijzer, Richard; Wert, Susan E.; Ruijter, Jan M.; Lamers, Wouter H.; Tibboel, Dick

    2003-01-01

    Neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) suffer from a diaphragmatic defect, lung hypoplasia, and pulmonary hypertension, with poor lung function forming the major clinical challenge. Despite prenatal diagnosis and advanced postnatal treatment strategies, the mortality rate of CDH is

  3. Management of Postoperative Pulmonary Hypertension by Inhaled Nitric Oxide in a Newborn with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fettah, N. D.; Dilli, D.; Beken, S.; Zenciroglu, A.; Okumus, N.; Cavusoglu, H.; Ozgur, S.

    2014-01-01

    Postero-lateral congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a life threatening anomaly characterized by diaphragmatic defect and intrathoracic herniation of abdominal viscera. In patients with CDH, the lungs are hypoplastic and persistent pulmonary hypertension develops in most cases. Although, inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) results in a reduction in pulmonary hypertension with improvement in oxygenation, its benefit in the patients with CDH remains controversial. In this report, the authors present successful management of postoperative pulmonary hypertension by iNO in a newborn with CDH. (author)

  4. Conventional mesh repair of a giant iatrogenic bilateral diaphragmatic hernia with an enterothorax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingohr P

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Philipp Lingohr,1 Thomas Galetin,2 Boris Vestweber,2 Hanno Matthaei,1 Jörg C Kalff,1 Karl-Heinz Vestweber2 1Department of Surgery, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany; 2Department of Surgery, Klinikum Leverkusen, Leverkusen, Germany Purpose: Diaphragmatic hernias (DHs are divided into congenital and acquired hernias, most of which are congenital. Among acquired DHs, up to 80% are left-sided, only a few iatrogenic DHs have been reported, and bilateral hernias are extremely rare. For diagnostic reasons, many DHs are overlooked by ultrasonography or X-ray and are only recognized at a later stage when complications occur. Methods: In 2009, we performed three partial diaphragm replacements in our clinic for repairing DHs using a PERMACOL™ implant. Results: As all patients had uneventful postoperative courses and the clinical outcomes were very good, we present one special case of a 65-year-old male with a giant iatrogenic bilateral DH with an enterothorax. Conclusion: We see a good indication for diaphragm replacements by using a PERMACOL™ implant for fixing especially DHs with huge hernial gaps and in cases with fragile tissue. Keywords: bilateral diaphragmatic hernia, enterothorax, conventional hernia repair, PERMACOL™, biological implant, diaphragm replacement, mesh repair

  5. Unusual presentation of adult Marfan syndrome as a complex diaphragmatic hiatus hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakur, Shruti; Jhobta, Anupam; Sharma, Brij; Chauhan, Arun; Thakur, Charu S

    2017-07-01

    Marfan syndrome is multisystem connective tissue disorder that primarily involves the skeletal, cardiovascular, and ocular systems. The gastrointestinal complications in Marfan syndrome are rare, with only a few case reports described in the literature. We present a 25-year-old woman who presented with acute abdominal pain for 1 day. The imaging features revealed complex diaphragmatic hiatus hernia with organoaxial gastric volvulus. This is a unique case report about an adult patient with Marfan syndrome who presented with symptomatic paraesophageal hernia and organoaxial gastric volvulus. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Taiwan.

  6. Ultrasound and MR images of prenatally diagnosed bilateral congenital diaphragmatic hernia, a rare variation of CDH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiasa, Kana Ishibashi; Fujita, Yasuyuki; Fukushima, Kotaro; Nagata, Kouji; Taguchi, Tomoaki; Wake, Norio

    2012-01-01

    The patient referred to our hospital at 29 weeks. The detailed ultrasound study demonstrated the stomach behind the heart, the slight deviation of the heart, and the vascular connection between the right chest organ and inferior vena cava. Bilateral congenital diaphragmatic hernia was suggested and confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. A baby was delivered at 37 weeks and immediately placed on high-frequency oscillation ventilation. Although a surgical correction of the bilateral hernia under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was completed, he expired at 14 h of age. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. [Clinical case--voluminous diaphragmatic hernia--surgically acute abdomen: diagnostic and therapeutical challenges].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumitrescu, D; Savlovschi, C; Borcan, R; Pantu, H; Serban, D; Gradinaru, S; Smarandache, G; Trotea, T; Branescu, C; Musat, L; Comandasu, M; Priboi, M; Baldir, M; Sandolache, B; Oprescu, S

    2011-01-01

    We present the case of a 58-year old male patient admitted in the surgery section of the University Emergency Hospital of Bucharest and diagnosed with acute abdomen. The minimal clinical-paraclinical investigation (i.e., thorax-pulmonary Xray, biological probes) raises questions as to the differentiated diagnosis and other associated diseases, also suggesting the existence of voluminous diaphragmatic hernia. The CT thorax-abdomen examination confirms the diaphragmatic hernia suspicion, with intra-thorax ascent of the colon up to the anterior C4 level, but does not explain the abdominal suffering; thus we suspected a biliary ileus or acute appendicitis. Medial laparotomy was imperative. Intrasurgically peritonitis was noticed located by gangrenous acute apendicitis, perforated, with coprolite, for which apendictomy and lavage-drainage pf the peritoneal cavity was performed. Post-surgical status: favourable to recovery.

  8. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unolt, Marta; DiCairano, Lauren; Schlechtweg, Kathryn; Barry, Jessica; Howell, Lori; Kasperski, Stefanie; Nance, Michael; Adzick, N Scott; Zackai, Elaine H; McDonald-McGinn, Donna M

    2017-01-01

    We report the important association of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS). The prevalence of CDH in our cohort of patients with 22q11.2DS is 0.8% (10/1246), which is greater than in the general population (0.025%). This observation suggests that 22q11.2DS should be considered when a child or fetus presents with CDH, in particular when other clinical findings associated with the 22q11.2DS are present, such as congenital cardiac defects. Furthermore, this finding may lead to the identification of an additional locus for diaphragmatic hernia in the general population. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Thoracoscopic repair of neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH): outcomes after a systematic quality improvement process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jancelewicz, Tim; Langer, Jacob C; Chiang, Monping; Bonnard, Arnaud; Zamakhshary, Mohammed; Chiu, Priscilla P

    2013-02-01

    Higher recurrence rates have been reported for thoracoscopic repair (TR) of neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) compared to open repair. Our centre initiated changes in surgical management following a quality review in order to improve outcome. A retrospective review of TR patients from 2000 to 2011 at a single institution was performed. A review was done in 2007, and changes were implemented to decrease recurrence rates. These included use of pledgets, an extracorporeal corner stitch, liberal prosthetic patch use, lower insufflation pressures, and TR was limited to two experienced surgeons. Outcome data before and after this quality improvement process were compared. Non-TR patients from the same time period served as controls. Data are quoted as median (range) and non-parametric tests used to compare. P<0.05 was regarded as significant. There were 23 neonatal TR patients with median follow-up of 3.6 (range 0.4-7) years. Median age at repair was 2 (range 0-21) days. There were 5 patch repairs (22%), all after 2008. There were 9 recurrences (39%) at a median time of 162 days after TR, compared to 13 (10%) recurrences in the control cohort. For primary TR, there was a trend towards a decreased recurrence rate from 50% prior to 2008 to 25% after 2008 (P=0.26). Systematic quality review was modestly effective in decreasing the recurrence rate for neonatal TR, but further outcome data are required. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Prematurity and fetal lung response after tracheal occlusion in fetuses with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sananes, Nicolas; Rodo, Carlota; Peiro, Jose Luis; Britto, Ingrid Schwach Werneck; Sangi-Haghpeykar, Haleh; Favre, Romain; Joal, Arnaud; Gaudineau, Adrien; Silva, Marcos Marques da; Tannuri, Uenis; Zugaib, Marcelo; Carreras, Elena; Ruano, Rodrigo

    2016-09-01

    To evaluate the independent association of fetal pulmonary response and prematurity to postnatal outcomes after fetal tracheal occlusion for congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Fetal pulmonary response, prematurity (prematurity (prematurity was not statistically associated with mortality after controlling for fetal pulmonary response (aOR 0.52, 95% CI 0.12-2.30, p=0.367). Fetal pulmonary response after FETO is the most important factor associated with survival, independently from the gestational age at delivery.

  11. Importance of MRI lung to liver signal ratio as a prognosticator for congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Watanabe, Yukio; Sasakura, Chihaya; Sakaihara, Mitsuo

    2005-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a developmental defect of the diaphragm with herniation of abdominal viscera into the thorax. Factors such as ultrasound Lung to Thorax ratio (L-T ratio) have been reported as prognosticators for congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The present study investigated the usefulness of each factor as a prognosticator. Over a 7.5-year period from 1998, 13 fetuses diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia at another hospital underwent thorough testing and were delivered at our hospital; they then underwent surgery in the pediatric surgery department of our hospital. The following prognostic factors were analyzed: gestational age at detection, ultrasound L-T ratio, MRI lung to liver ratio, hepatic protrusion into the thoracic cavity and gender. Ten patients are alive, while three patients died after birth. Survival rates and p-values for each factor were as follows. Gestational age at detection: before gestational week 24, 3/3 (100%), after gestational week 25, 6/10 (60%), p=0.37. L to T ratio: 0.2≤, 5/6 (83%), <0.2, 3/6 (50%), p=0.37. MRI lung to liver ratio: 2.0≤, 8/8 (100%), <0.2, 1/5 (10%), p<0.005. Hepatic protrusion into the thoracic cavity: 4/7 (57%), no hepatic protrusion, 6/7 (85%), p=0.37. Gender: male, 3/6 (50%), and female, 6/7 (86%), p=0.16. Significant differences existed only for MRI lung to liver ratio. These results suggest that MRI lung to liver ratio represents the most useful prognosticator for congenital diaphragmatic hernia. (author)

  12. Characteristics of Infants With Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Who Need Follow-Up of Pulmonary Hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraemer, Ulrike S; Leeuwen, Lisette; Krasemann, Thomas B; Wijnen, René M H; Tibboel, Dick; IJsselstijn, Hanneke

    2018-02-06

    Pulmonary hypertension is one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Currently, it is unknown whether pulmonary hypertension persists or recurs during the first year of life. Prospective longitudinal follow-up study. Tertiary university hospital. Fifty-two congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients admitted between 2010 and 2014. None. Pulmonary hypertension was measured using echocardiography and electrocardiography at 6 and 12 months old. Characteristics of patients with persistent pulmonary hypertension were compared with those of patients without persistent pulmonary hypertension. At follow-up, pulmonary hypertension persisted in four patients: at 6 months old, in three patients (patients A-C), and at 12 months old, in two patients (patients C and D). Patients with persistent pulmonary hypertension had a longer duration of mechanical ventilation (median 77 d [interquartile range, 49-181 d] vs median 8 d [interquartile range, 5-15 d]; p = 0.002) and hospital stay (median 331 d [interquartile range, 198-407 d) vs median 33 d (interquartile range, 16-59 d]; p = 0.003) than patients without persistent pulmonary hypertension. The proportion of patients with persistent pulmonary hypertension (n = 4) treated with inhaled nitric oxide (100% vs 31%; p = 0.01), sildenafil (100% vs 15%; p = 0.001), and bosentan (100% vs 6%; p pulmonary hypertension (n = 48). At 6 months, all patients with persistent pulmonary hypertension were tube-fed and treated with supplemental oxygen and sildenafil. Less than 10% of congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients had persistent pulmonary hypertension at ages 6 and/or 12 months. Follow-up for pulmonary hypertension should be reserved for congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients with echocardiographic signs of persistent pulmonary hypertension at hospital discharge and/or those treated with medication for pulmonary hypertension at hospital discharge.

  13. Total Intravenous Anesthesia for Repair of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: A Case Report

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    Hung-Te Hsu

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a cardiopulmonary anomaly that causes severe respiratory disorder. Traditionally, inhalational anesthetics with mechanical hyperventilation, opioids, and muscle relaxants are used in anesthesia for repair surgery. In this case, we used total intravenous anesthesia combined with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation and inhaled nitric oxide for surgical repair of the diaphragm. After surgery, the patient recovered well and was discharged from hospital 1 month later.

  14. Use of composite polyester/collagen mesh in the repair of recurrent congenital diaphragmatic hernias

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    Lin C. Wang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Case 1 is an 18 year-old woman with a third recurrence of a left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH. She had previously undergone a primary repair of a recurrence via laparotomy and an additional repair of a second recurrence with PTFE mesh via a thoracotomy. Following her third recurrence she underwent successful laparoscopic repair utilizing composite polyester/collagen (Parietex™ Composite, Covidien, Sofradim, France mesh. Six years following surgery, she has carried a pregnancy to term and has not recurred. Case 2 is a 5 month-old infant who presented with a recurrent right-sided CDH. She initially underwent primary repair via thoracotomy along with a right pneumonectomy at an outside institution. She presented with incarceration of her liver, hepatic venous thrombosis, mediastinal shift, and respiratory distress. She underwent successful repair with composite mesh through a right thoracoabdominal incision. At 8 months post-operatively, she has no evidence of recurrence in spite of the expected mediastinal deviation to the right and right thoracic volume loss as a result of being status post right pneumonectomy. Recurrences occur in a significant number of patients following repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, particularly cases in which a mesh implant are utilized. Historically, PTFE has been the product of choice for a diaphragmatic implant by pediatric surgeons. However, this product does not incorporate into surrounding tissues which theoretically places patients at risk for recurrence. Polyester/collagen composite mesh has been used for decades in adults undergoing complex groin and ventral hernia repairs with excellent results. However, its use for congenital diaphragmatic hernias has not been previously described. We present the successful utilization of this product in two cases which were at extremely high risk for future recurrence. Additional investigations should be done and long term follow up regarding application of

  15. Prosthetic patches for congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair: Surgisis vs Gore-Tex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grethel, Erich J; Cortes, Raul A; Wagner, Amy J; Clifton, Matthew S; Lee, Hanmin; Farmer, Diana L; Harrison, Michael R; Keller, Roberta L; Nobuhara, Kerilyn K

    2006-01-01

    The sequelae of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) continue well beyond the perinatal period. Up to 50% of these patients have subsequent recurrent herniation or small bowel obstruction (SBO). A recent trend has been toward the use of bioactive prosthetic materials. We reviewed different patch closure techniques used for CDH repair at our institution and their association with these sequelae. A retrospective review was performed of 152 records for patients with CDH. Newborns that underwent patch repair for CDH and survived for at least 30 days were included in the analysis. Primary outcomes evaluated were recurrent herniation and SBO. Two types of prostheses were examined, Gore-Tex, an artificial material, and Surgisis, a bioactive material. Twelve (44%) of 27 patients who had Surgisis repair had recurrent herniation. Seventeen (38%) of 45 patients who had a Gore-Tex repair had recurrent herniation. Two additional patients in each group presented with SBO. No significant difference in recurrent herniation rates was observed (P > .5). The time to recurrence was similar in both groups (log-rank, P = .75), with most recurrences (92% Surgisis, 76% Gore-Tex) occurring in the first year. The rates of recurrent herniation and SBO after neonatal prosthetic patch repair of CDH were similar regardless of the prosthetic material used (Surgisis or Gore-Tex).

  16. Vitamin A deficiency (VAD), teratogenic, and surgical models of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kling, David E; Schnitzer, Jay J

    2007-05-15

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenital malformation that occurs with a frequency of 0.08 to 0.45 per 1,000 births. Children with CDH are born with the abdominal contents herniated through the diaphragm and exhibit an associated pulmonary hypoplasia which is frequently accompanied by severe morbidity and mortality. Although the etiology of CDH is largely unknown, considerable progress has been made in understanding its molecular mechanisms through the usage of genetic, teratogenic, and surgical models. The following review focuses on the teratogenic and surgical models of CDH and the possible molecular mechanisms of nitrofen (a diphenyl ether, formerly used as an herbicide) in both induction of CDH and pulmonary hypoplasia. In addition, the mechanisms of other compounds including several anti-inflammatory agents that have been linked to CDH will be discussed. Furthermore, this review will also explore the importance of vitamin A in lung and diaphragm development and the possible mechanisms of teratogen interference in vitamin A homeostasis. Continued exploration of these models will bring forth a clearer understanding of CDH and its molecular underpinnings, which will ultimately facilitate development of therapeutic strategies. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  17. Pericardial Window Formation Complicated by Intrapericardial Diaphragmatic Hernia

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    Jeremy Docekal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In rare circumstances, a diaphragmatic defect may allow for herniation of intra-abdominal contents into the pericardial space. These occurrences are exceedingly rare and may be due to trauma or congenital defects of the septum transversum or as the result of surgical procedures. We describe a 73-year-old female who presented with cardiac and abdominal symptoms one month after undergoing a subxiphoid pericardioperitoneal window for treatment and evaluation of a symptomatic pericardial effusion.

  18. Spontaneous prematurity in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a retrospective cohort study about prenatal predictive factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Bruna Maria Lopes; Rodrigues, Agatha S; Carvalho, Mario Henrique Burlacchini; Bittar, Roberto Eduardo; Francisco, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira; Bernardes, Lisandra Stein

    2018-01-12

    To evaluate possible predictive factors of spontaneous prematurity in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). A retrospective cohort study was performed. Inclusion criteria were presence of CDH; absence of fetoscopy; absence of karyotype abnormality; maximum of one major malformation associated with diaphragmatic hernia; ultrasound monitoring at the Obstetrics Clinic of Clinicas Hospital at the University of São Paulo School of Medicine, from January 2001 to October 2014. The data were obtained through the electronic records and ultrasound system of our fetal medicine service. The following variables were analyzed: maternal age, primiparity, associated maternal diseases, smoking, previous spontaneous preterm birth, fetal malformation associated with hernia, polyhydramnios, fetal growth restriction, presence of intrathoracic liver, invasive procedures performed, side of hernia and observed-to- expected lung to head ratio (o/e LHR). On individual analysis, variables were assessed using the Chi-square test and the Mann-Whitney test. A multiple logistic regression model was applied to select variables independently influencing the prediction of preterm delivery. A ROC curve was constructed with the significant variable, identifying the values with best sensitivity and specificity to be suggested for use in clinical practice. Eighty fetuses were evaluated, of which, 21 (26.25%) were premature. O/e LHR was the only factor associated with prematurity (p = 0.020). The ROC curve showed 93% sensitivity with 48.4% specificity for the cutoff of 40%. O/e LHR was the only predictor of prematurity in this sample.

  19. Postnatal MRI for CDH: A pictorial review of late-presenting and recurrent diaphragmatic defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Wendy; Courtier, Jesse; Morin, Cara; Shet, Narendra; Strauch, Eric; Kim, Jane S

    Late-presenting or recurrent diaphragmatic defects can pose a diagnostic challenge due to varying clinical presentations. Current diagnostic approaches include plain film radiograph for initial assessment, with other imaging modalities such as fluoroscopy, ultrasound, CT and MRI mainly utilized for troubleshooting. As a radiation-free modality, MRI can provide a more definitive diagnosis in particular cases due to its ability to visualize discontinuity of the diaphragm, distinguishing it from eventration. MRI can also accurately characterize hernia contents, defect location and size. We present our MRI technique and review cases of different hernia types with relevant discussion of the imaging findings and correlation with intraoperative findings. MRI can be a useful diagnostic tool in the assessment of late presenting or recurrent diaphragmatic hernias. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Nihilism in the 1990s: the true mortality of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stege, Gerben; Fenton, Alan; Jaffray, Bruce

    2003-09-01

    Reported survival in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) fails to allow for case selection bias. This study reports the incidence of CDH in a geographically defined population over 11 years and assesses the effect of new therapies (high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, inhaled nitric oxide, and delayed surgery) on survival when case selection is avoided. A retrospective review of cases from a regional case registry, the Northern Region Congenital Anomaly Survey, was conducted. A total of 185 cases were identified. Mortality was 62% and did not vary significantly during the study period. Mortality was unaffected by the introduction of new therapies. There was a significant inverse correlation between the rate of elective termination and survival of live borns. The presence of an additional anomaly increased mortality to 79%. The mortality of CDH when complete case ascertainment is achieved is unaffected by new therapies. The survival rate is principally determined by the rate of antenatal termination and the incidence of associated anomalies. Reports of improved survival of CDH should be interpreted with caution, as variations in outcome are more likely to be explained by case selection artifact.

  1. Tracheomegaly: a complication of fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion in the treatment of congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McHugh, Kieran; Afaq, Asim; Roebuck, Derek J. [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Radiology Department, London (United Kingdom); Broderick, Nigel [Nottingham University Hospitals, Radiology Department, Nottingham (United Kingdom); Gabra, Hany O.; Elliott, Martin J. [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, London (United Kingdom)

    2010-05-15

    Fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) is a promising treatment for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia, a condition that carries significant morbidity and mortality. It is hypothesised that balloon occlusion of the fetal trachea leads to an improvement in lung growth and development. The major documented complications of FETO to date are related to preterm delivery. To report a series of five infants who developed tracheomegaly following FETO. Review of all children referred with tracheomegaly to the paediatric intensive care and tracheal service at two referral centres. Five neonates presented with features of respiratory distress shortly after birth and were subsequently found to have marked tracheomegaly. Two neonates had tracheomalacia in addition. There are no previous reports in the literature describing tracheomalacia, or more specifically, tracheomegaly, as a consequence of FETO. We propose that the particularly compliant fetal airway is at risk of mechanical damage from in utero balloon occlusion. This observation of a new problem in this cohort suggests a thorough evaluation of the trachea should be performed in children who have had FETO in utero. It may be that balloon occlusion of the trachea earlier in utero (before 26 weeks' gestation) predisposes to this condition. (orig.)

  2. Incidence and factors associated with sensorineural and conductive hearing loss among survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Partridge, Emily A; Bridge, Christina; Donaher, Joseph G; Herkert, Lisa M; Grill, Elena; Danzer, Enrico; Gerdes, Marsha; Hoffman, Casey H; D'Agostino, Jo Ann; Bernbaum, Judy C; Rintoul, Natalie E; Peranteau, William H; Flake, Alan W; Adzick, N Scott; Hedrick, Holly L

    2014-06-01

    The reported incidence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in long-term survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia varies widely in the literature. Conductive hearing loss (CHL) is also known to occur in CDH patients, but has been less widely studied. We sought to characterize the incidence and risk factors associated with SNHL and CHL in a large cohort of CDH patients who underwent standardized treatment and follow-up at a single institution. We retrospectively reviewed charts of all CDH patients in our pulmonary hypoplasia program from January 2004 through December 2012. Categorical variables were analyzed by Fisher's exact test and continuous variables by Mann-Whitney t-test (p≤0.05). A total of 112 patients met study inclusion criteria, with 3 (2.7%) patients diagnosed with SNHL and 38 (34.0%) diagnosed with CHL. SNHL was significantly associated with requirement for ECMO (p=0.0130), prolonged course of hospitalization (p=0.0011), duration of mechanical ventilation (p=0.0046), requirement for tracheostomy (p=0.0013), and duration of loop diuretic (p=0.0005) and aminoglycoside therapy (p=0.0003). We have identified hearing anomalies in over 30% of long-term CDH survivors. These findings illustrate the need for routine serial audiologic evaluations throughout childhood for all survivors of CDH and stress the importance of targeted interventions to optimize long-term developmental outcomes pertaining to speech and language. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Delayed Iatrogenic Diaphragmatic Hernia after Left Lower Lobectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Tae Hee; Choi, Yong Soo

    2017-12-01

    A 66-year-old patient undergoing regular follow-up at Samsung Medical Center after left lower lobectomy visited the emergency department around 9 months postoperatively because of nausea and vomiting after routine esophagogastroduodenoscopy at a local clinic. Abdominal computed tomography showed the stomach herniating into the left thoracic cavity. We explored the pleural cavity via video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Adhesiolysis around the herniated stomach and laparotomic reduction under video assistance were successfully performed. The diaphragmatic defect was repaired via VATS. The postoperative course was uneventful, and he was discharged with resolved digestive tract symptoms.

  4. Iatrogenic gastric perforation in a misdiagnosed case of late presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia: Report of an avoidable complication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradeep Kajal

    Full Text Available Introduction: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is a defect in diaphragm which usually presents with severe respiratory distress in neonatal period. Presentation of case: We present a case of congenital diaphragmatic hernia presenting at an age of 2.5 years in a male child. It was misdiagnosed as a case of pyothorax for which chest tube was attempted on left side resulting in iatrogenic gastric perforation. The patient was managed by early and prompt surgery. Discussion: Late presentation is usually rare with vast array of respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms. It often leads to clinical and radiological misdiagnosis. Conclusion: Surgical intervention in misdiagnosed cases can lead to catastrophic iatrogenic complications. Keywords: Case report, Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Pyothorax, Chest tube, Iatrogenic gastric perforation

  5. Laparoscopic repair of a Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia in a child, using a trans-sternal technique

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    Shah Amar

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic repair of Morgagni hernia has been described in adults and children. In the published reports, the crux of the repair consists of suturing the posterior part of the diaphragmatic defect to the undersurface of the sternum or the posterior rectus sheath. The tissue on the undersurface of the sternum is variable is in its nature and may be inadequate for suturing, hence compromising the strength of the repair. A technique that circumvents this problem and offers a strong anatomical repair is described. A Morgagni hernia was diagnosed in a 2-year-old girl with trisomy 21, who presented with recurrent chest infections. She underwent laparoscopic repair of the hernia using three ports. The tissue on the undersurface of the sternum was inadequate for a conventional repair. The procedure was modified as follows: a small transverse incision was made over the lower end of the sternum. Three nonabsorbable mattress sutures were inserted through the sternum, the anterior edge of the diaphragmatic defect, and back through the sternum and tied with extracorporeal knots. The child was discharged home on the second postoperative day. At 6-month follow up, the child was asymptomatic, and had been infection free. A chest radiograph was normal. This is a simple, novel, noninvasive method, which offers a secure anatomical repair and it is not dependent on the adequacy of the tissue on the undersurface of the sternum.

  6. Chylothorax associated with a congenital peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmiedt, Chad Weber; Washabaugh, Kate F; Rao, Deepa B; Stepien, Rebecca L

    2009-01-01

    A 2-year-old dog was presented with a 3-month history of increasing respiratory effort and rate, inappetence, and lethargy. Chest radiographs demonstrated significant pleural effusion, which was consistent with chyle on biochemical and cytological evaluations. Further diagnostic evaluation, including a thoracic computed tomographic scan, revealed a peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) resulting in a large, fat-attenuating mass within the pericardium. The dog was taken to surgery for repair of the PPDH, pericardectomy, and cisterna chyli ablation. Rapid and permanent resolution of the chylothorax occurred postoperatively. This is the first reported case of chylothorax secondary to PPDH.

  7. Late presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH: A rare case report

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    Narrotam A. Patel

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Reporting a rare case of a 17-year-old lady with late presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. She presented with vague abdominal pain and postprandial vomiting. She underwent a diagnostic upper GI scopy with no significant findings. Chest X-ray and barium study for stomach were performed. Then CT scan was performed and showed herniation of bowel loops, mesentery and spleen into the left thoracic cavity through a large defect in the posterolateral aspect of the left hemidiaphgram. After the patient was operated, content reduced and defect was repaired. Thus CDH in adolescence is rare and a high index of suspicion is required.

  8. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Meckel′s diverticulum and malrotation in a 3-month-old infant

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    Laxman Basani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is a common developmental anomaly that usually presents in the neonatal period. It is known to be associated with cardiac, renal, genital and chromosomal anomalies. Late presentation of CDH (beyond 1-month of age is seen in 13% of the cases. Malrotation is reported in 42% of CDH cases. We report a case of a 3-month-old infant with concurrent CDH, Meckel′s diverticulum and malrotation. This is the first case report of such an association in an infant.

  9. Inhalation of nitric oxide as a treatment of pulmonary hypertension in congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henneberg, S W; Jepsen, S; Andersen, P K

    1995-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) still has a mortality risk of around 40%. The concomitant pulmonary hypoplasia and the persistent pulmonary hypertension are of major prognostic importance. The use of a selective pulmonary vasodilator may revert this vicious circle that is fatal to many...... children. Inhalation of nitric oxide (NO) has been suggested as a rational treatment of this condition. The authors report three cases of high-risk infants with CDH where NO was used successfully. It is concluded that hypoxemia in CDH can be treated successfully with NO inhalation when conventional...

  10. Thoracoscopic repair of renal ectopia associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: Report of two cases

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    R.S. Kamble

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Renal ectopia is a rare anomaly which may occur due to an abnormal ascent of the kidney. It is usually asymptomatic and does not require treatment. Intrathoracic renal ectopia with concomitant congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is extremely rare. All symptomatic CDH cases must be treated with open or thoracoscopic repair. During plication of the diaphragm, care must be taken to avoid renal injury. Following, we present two rare variants of CDH with concomitant renal ectopia managed thoracoscopically. Post-operative recovery was uneventful. Doppler ultrasound study performed one month after surgery confirmed normal vascularity of the kidneys and the absence of urinary outflow obstruction.

  11. Early versus late surgical correction in congenital diaphragmatic hernia

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    Alexandra Yunes

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen INTRODUCCIÓN El momento de la reparación quirúrgica en pacientes con hernia diafragmática congénita ha sido un tema controvertido a lo largo de los años, y aún no existe un acuerdo sobre si es preferible una reparación inmediata o una cirugía tardía con estabilización preoperatoria. MÉTODOS Para responder esta pregunta utilizamos Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante búsquedas en múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, reanalizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis, preparamos tablas de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES Identificamos cuatro revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyen 38 estudios primarios, de los cuales, dos son ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que no está claro si la reparación quirúrgica inmediata en hernia diafragmática congénita aumenta la mortalidad o disminuye los días de hospitalización en comparación a una reparación tardía porque la certeza de la evidencia es muy baja.

  12. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: focus on abnormal muscle formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaggio, R; Midrio, P; Sgrò, A; Piovan, G; Guzzardo, V; Donato, R; Sorci, G; Lago, P; Gamba, P G

    2015-03-01

    CDH is a major birth defect, characterized by high mortality. How the initial defective mesenchymal substructures affects muscle malformation is unclear. Defects of genes involved in diaphragmatic development, such as friend-of-GATA2 (Fog2), may play an important role in its pathogenesis. We investigated the expression of Fog2 and proteins of myogenesis in a series of CDH and in diaphragms at different fetal ages, in order to clarify the role of muscular components during diaphragmatic development in cases with CDH. Specimen were obtained from seven diaphragms of CDH cases undergoing surgery, 3 entire diaphragms from non repaired CDH, 5 control diaphragms at different gestational ages (16, 17, 22, 32, and 40g.w.), and 3 biopsy samples of normal voluntary muscle. The thickness of diaphragms at the edge of the defect in CDH and in developing diaphragms was measured. All samples were processed for HE staining and immunohistochemistry. Immunohistochemical expression of MyoD, Myf4, Pax7, Mib1 and Fog2 was evaluated. Mean thickness at the edge of the defect was 4.14mm. Contralateral hemi-diaphragm in 3 autopsies and in controls at 32 and 40weeks measured 2.25mm; histology showed a higher density of desmin-positive muscular cells at the edge of defect. CDH displayed scattered Myf4-positive cells (range 0%-10%, mean 2.4%), numerous Pax7-positive cells (range 0%-24%, mean 12.1%) and less than 1% Mib1-positive cells. Controls showed a reduction of positive cell with the progression of gestational age for Myf4 (30% at 16 weeks, 20% at 17 weeks, 5% at 22 weeks, 1% at 32 and 40 weeks), Pax7 (85% at 16 weeks and 17 weeks, 35% at 22 weeks, 11% at 32 weeks) and Mib1 (20% at 16 weeks, 8% at 17 weeks, 7% at 22weeks, 2% at 32 weeks). Fog-2 was diffusely positive in mesenchymal, mesothelial and muscular cells, in diaphragms from 16 to 22 weeks, decreasing to 20% of positive muscular cells in 32-week diaphragm. In CDH only mesothelial and mesenchymal cells were positive. Stem cell

  13. Outcomes after muscle flap vs prosthetic patch repair for large congenital diaphragmatic hernias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasr, Ahmed; Struijs, Marie-Chantal; Ein, Sigmund H; Langer, Jacob C; Chiu, Priscilla P L

    2010-01-01

    Repair of large congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) defects still pose a significant challenge, as the defects cannot be repaired primarily. Two techniques have been widely used: autologous anterior abdominal wall muscle flap and prosthetic patch. The latter has been used more often. Our goal was to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes of these 2 approaches. This is a retrospective review of all neonates undergoing CDH repair at our institution from 1969 to 2006. Of 188 children undergoing surgery for CDH, primary repair could not be accomplished in 51 infants (27%). Nineteen had muscle flap repair, and 32 had prosthetic patch repair (Gore-Tex [W.L. Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, AZ], n = 15; Marlex [Bard Inc, Cranston, NJ], n = 9; Surgisis [Cook, Bloomington, IN], n = 5; SILASTIC [Dow Corning, Midland, MI], n = 3). There was no significant difference in gestational age or birth weight between groups. Three patients developed an abdominal wall defect at the muscle flap donor site, but none required surgical intervention. Chest wall deformities were found in 9 patients, 3 after a muscle flap and 6 after a prosthetic patch (P = .7). Postoperative bowel obstruction occurred in 3 muscle flap patients and 1 patch patient (P = .2). There were 10 recurrences among survivors: 2 after a muscle flap and 8 after a prosthetic patch (P = .3) There were 2 deaths among the muscle flap patients (10%), and 3 deaths among the prosthetic patch repair patients (9%) (P = .1). Results were confirmed after controlling for age and comorbidities between both groups in a multivariate logistic regression. These results suggest that autologous anterior abdominal wall muscle flap and prosthetic patch repairs provide similar short-term and long-term outcomes. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Predictors of prognosis in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: experience of 12 years

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    Catarina Granjo Morais

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is a severe malformation, displaying relevant mortality and morbidity rates in newborns.Aim: To characterize clinically and demographically all neonatal cases of CDH admitted to a level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit during a 12-year period and to evaluate the predictive value of baseline characteristics on mortality and morbidity at discharge.Methods: Maternal/infant clinical and electronic records were ret-rospectively reviewed. All neonates with posterolateral CDH admitted between January 2003 and December 2014 were included.Results: Fifty-three newborns were included. Overall mortality during hospitalization was 22/53 (41.5%. Clinical characteristics associated with mortality were the presence of intrathoracic liver (p = 0.005, intrathoracic stomach (p = 0.015, elevated arterial pCO2 or lower pH values at admission (respectively, p = 0.001 and p < 0.001, pre-ductal oxygen saturation < 85% at admission (p = 0.012 and surgical repair with prosthetic patch (p = 0.041. Morbidity at discharge was reported in 7 (22.6% survivors. Stomach herniation and sepsis were associated with higher morbidity (respectively, p = 0.012 and p = 0.029. In a logistic regression, patch repair was the only variable with predictive value for death during hospitalization, with an odds ratio (OR of 15 (95% CI 0.98-228.9, and intrathoracic stomach was a predictor of morbidity at discharge (OR = 15.7, 95% CI 1.4-174.2.Conclusion: Structural characteristics, namely defect size and presence of intrathoracic stomach, remain the primary determinants of neonatal prognosis in CDH. Although post-natal approaches have progressively proven their value in increasing survival and improving management of high-risk cases, future researches should continue focusing on the definition of foetal anatomical markers of severity and prenatal treatment of CDH.

  15. Bilious emesis as presenting symptom of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in an 8-month-old

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    Daphney Clermont

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Although congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH primarily presents in either the prenatal or neonatal period, late presentation has a reported incidence of 2.5–25%. This case report describes an 8-month-old-male who presented to the emergency department with dehydration and a 24-h history of bilious emesis. Work-up led to the diagnosis of a left-sided Bochdalek CDH. He subsequently underwent laparoscopic diaphragmatic hernia repair with reduction of near-total length of incarcerated bowel. The patient had an uneventful recovery. Babies born with CDH are typically unstable at birth, and even with repair, the mortality rate remains high. However, in the case of delayed CDH diagnosis where there are no perinatal issues, surgical repair has very high success rates, provided that there are no complications regarding the delay. If there is not a high index of suspicion based on the patient's history and exam, delayed diagnosis and intervention with late CDH presentations can lead to complications which could otherwise be minimized. The purpose of this case report is to raise awareness and contribute to the growing knowledge about delayed CDH presentation among physicians and surgeons to facilitate early diagnosis and care of a morbid yet manageable condition.

  16. Interval between injection of contrast material and positive contrast cheliography affects accurate diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail A. Sen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, surgical and diagnostic imaging findings in 11 cats and 3 dogs with suspected acute and chronic traumatic diaphragmatic hernia, and to compare the results of positive contrast cheliography (peritoneography taken immediately and 5 min after the injection of contrast material. Thoracic and abdominal radiography, ultrasonography, and positive contrast cheliography of all animals were performed. Eight cases were considered as acute and six cases were considered chronic. The contrast images taken immediately after the injection of contrast material revealed the contrast material in the thoracic cavity in 8/8 acute trauma patients, but in none of the chronic cases. In 5/6 of these cases contrast material was seen in the thoracal cavity only in additional images taken after 5 min. One patient was diagnosed with FIP and excluded from the study. Twelve cases had complete resolution and one animal died during the early postoperative period. Our results suggest that positive contrast cheliography performed immediately after the injection of contrast material may not reveal chronic cases of diaphragmatic hernia and a second imaging (or imaging after 5 min is indicated in order not to overlook chronic cases.

  17. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia with concurrent aplasia of the pericardium in a foal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tăbăran, Alexandru-Flaviu; Nagy, Andras Laszlo; Cătoi, Cornel; Morar, Iancu; Tăbăran, Alexandra; Mihaiu, Marian; Bolfa, Pompei

    2015-12-30

    In veterinary medicine congenital abnormalities of the diaphragm and pericardium are rare, idiopathic malformations, being reported mainly in dogs. This report documents an unusual case of developmental defects in a foal consisting of diaphragmatic hernia concurrent with pericardial aplasia. Following a normal delivery, a full term, female Friesian stillborn foal with the placenta was presented for necropsy. External morphological examination indicated a normally developed foal. At necropsy, a large oval defect (approximately 20 × 15 cm in size) was observed in the left-dorsal side of the diaphragm (left lumbocostal triangle). This defect allowed the intestinal loops, spleen and partially the liver to translocate into the thorax. The loops of the left ascending colon, including the pelvic flexure and partially the small intestine covered the cranial and dorsal posterior parts of the heart due to the complete absence of the left pericardium. The remaining pericardium presented as a white, semi-transparent strip, partially covering the right side of the heart. The left lung and the main bronchus were severely hypoplastic to approximately one-fifth the size of their right homologue. The intermediate part of the liver, containing mainly the enlarged quadrate lobe was translocated in the thorax, severely enlarged and showed marked fibrosis. Histologically in the herniated lobes we diagnosed hepatic chronic passive congestion, telangiectasia and medial hypertrophy of blood vessels. Concomitant malformation involving diaphragmatic hernia and pericardial aplasia in horses have not been previously reported. Moreover, this is the first case describing pericardial aplasia in horse.

  18. Evaluation of lung function changes before and after surfactant application during artificial ventilation in newborn rats with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.C. Scheffers; H. IJsselstijn (Hanneke); R. Tenbrinck (Robert); B.F. Lachmann (Burkhard); J.C. de Jongste (Johan); J.C. Molenaar; D. Tibboel (Dick)

    1994-01-01

    textabstractPatients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have unilateral or bilateral hypoplasia of the lungs including delayed maturation of the terminal air sacs. Because these lungs are highly susceptible to barotrauma and oxygen toxicity, even in full-term newborns, continued research

  19. The long-term follow-up of patients with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a broad spectrum of morbidity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peetsold, M.G.; Heij, H.A.; Kneepkens, C.M.F.; Nagelkerke, A.F.; Huisman, J.; Gemke, R.J.B.J.

    2009-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a life-threatening anomaly with a mortality rate of approximately 40-50%, depending on case selection. It has been suggested that new therapeutic modalities such as nitric oxide (NO), high frequency oxygenation (HFO) and extracorporal membrane oxygenation

  20. Genome-wide oligonucleotide-based array comparative genome hybridization analysis of non-isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.A. Scott; M. Klaassens; A.M. Holder (Ashley); K.P. Lally (Kevin); C.J. Fernandes (Caraciolo); R-J.H. Galjaard (Robert-Jan); D. Tibboel (Dick); J.E.M.M. de Klein (Annelies); B. Lee (Brendan)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractNon-isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH+) is a severe birth defect that is often caused by de novo chromosomal anomalies. In this report, we use genome-wide oligonucleotide-based array comparative genome hybridization (aCGH) followed by rapid real-time quantitative PCR analysis

  1. Standardized Postnatal Management of Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in Europe: The CDH EURO Consortium Consensus - 2015 Update

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Snoek, K.G.; Reiss, I.K.; Greenough, A.; Capolupo, I.; Urlesberger, B.; Wessel, L.; Storme, L.; Deprest, J.; Schaible, T.; Heijst, A. van; Tibboel, D.; Scharbatke, H.E.; et al.,

    2016-01-01

    In 2010, the congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) EURO Consortium published a standardized neonatal treatment protocol. Five years later, the number of participating centers has been raised from 13 to 22. In this article the relevant literature is updated, and consensus has been reached between the

  2. Absorbable versus nonabsorbable mesh repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernias in a growing animal model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Rodrigo; Hill, Sarah J; Mattar, Samer G; Lin, Edward; Ramshaw, Bruce J; Smith, C Daniel; Wulkan, Mark L

    2011-06-01

    The repair of large congenital diaphragmatic hernia frequently results in patch disruption and recurrence as patients grow in size. Absorbable meshes allow for ingrowth of endogenous tissue as they are degraded, providing a more natural and durable repair. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of the new diaphragmatic tissue between an absorbable biologic mesh and a nonabsorbable mesh for repairing diaphragmatic hernia in a growing animal model. The left hemi-diaphragm of twenty 2-month-old Yucatan pigs was nearly completely resected. Small intestinal submucosa (SIS; Cook Biotech, Lafayette, IN) and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE; W.L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, AZ) were randomly assigned to cover the defect in 10 animals each, and were survived for 6 months. During necropsy, newly formed diaphragmatic tissue was evaluated and compared between the two groups. At necropsy, the animals had tripled their weight. Patch disruption and herniation occurred in 3 animals in the ePTFE group and none in the SIS group. The SIS mesh had better integration to the chest wall (2.8 ± 0.2 versus 1.3 ± 0.3), more muscle growth within the newly formed diaphragmatic tissue (1.9 ± 0.2 versus 0.4 ± 0.2), and less fibrotic tissue (2.1 ± 0.5 versus 3.4 ± 0.4) than ePTFE. There was no difference between SIS and ePTFE in terms of adhesion scores to the lung (2 ± 0.4 versus 2.4 ± 0.4) and liver (1.8 ± 0.3 versus 2.2 ± 0.5). SIS allows for tissue ingrowth from surrounding tissue as it degrades, providing a more durable repair with 30% less incidence of herniation in a porcine model. As the diaphragm grows, SIS resulted in a more natural repair of the defect with more tissue growth, better tissue integration, and a comparable adhesion formation to ePTFE.

  3. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia in Smith-Magenis syndrome: a possible locus at chromosome 17p11.2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanford, E F; Bermudez-Wagner, K; Jeng, L J B; Rauen, K A; Slavotinek, Anne M

    2011-11-01

    We report on a 7-month-old girl with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) due to a 4.76-Mb deletion of 17p12-17p11.2 detected by array comparative genomic hybridization. She was also affected with a left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and cardiac anomalies including an atypical atrioventricular canal defect and a cleft mitral valve. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a patient with both SMS and CDH. There are numerous chromosomal regions in which duplications, deletions, inversions, or translocations have been associated with CDH, but none have previously been reported at or close to 17p11.2. We discuss candidate genes for the diaphragmatic defect in this patient. Our case demonstrates that it is important to consider the possibility of SMS in non-isolated cases of diaphragmatic hernia. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Posterolateral Bochdalek diaphragmatic hernia in adults Hernia diafragmática posterolateral de Bochdalek en el adulto

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    José Maximiliano Garófano-Jerez

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Bochdalek hernias (BHs are produced in the posterolateral area of the diaphragm. They are generally congenital, appearing in childhood, but are also detected in asymptomatic adult patients seeking medical attention for other reasons. Computed tomography (CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI is used for the correct diagnosis of the hernia type and for its localization, facilitating its management and the choice of treatment. We describe three cases of Bochdalek hernia, two on the right side and one bilateral, which was larger on the right than left side. All of these hernias contained only omental fat. In one patient, the right kidney was adjacent to the diaphragmatic defect but remained within the abdomen. The patients showed no symptoms and were not surgically treated. Examination by multi-slice CT with the possibility of coronal and sagittal reconstruction should be considered the standard method for diagnosing this entity. MRI in T1 is highly valuable to evaluate fat-containing chest lesions. The incidental finding of BH in asymptomatic adults is increasing, thanks to the wider application of new imaging techniques.Las hernias de Bochdalek se producen a través de la zona posterolateral del diafragma. Generalmente son congénitas y se presentan en la infancia, pero pueden verse también en la edad adulta en pacientes asintomáticos, que consultan por patologías diversas. El uso de tomografía computarizada o resonancia magnética permite el diagnóstico correcto del tipo y localización de la hernia, lo cual facilitará su manejo y la elección del tratamiento. Presentamos 3 casos clínicos, dos tenían una hernia de Bochdalek derecha, y, el otro caso es bilateral, siendo mayor la situada en el lado derecho. En todos nuestros casos, el contenido ha sido únicamente grasa omental. No obstante, en uno de ellos, el riñón derecho se situaba adyacente al defecto diafragmático, pero dentro del abdomen. Debido a la ausencia de sintomatolog

  5. Hernia diagfragmática congénita derecha en el Hospital Universitario de Santander Right congenital diaphragmatic hernia at the Hospital Universitario de Santander

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    Julio César Mantilla

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La hernia diafragmática del lado derecho es una variable poco frecuente de los defectos congénitos diafragmáticos que permiten el paso del contenido abdominal a la cavidad torácica, causando graves trastornos en el desarrollo pulmonar fetal. Objetivo: Describir las características patológicas encontradas en la autopsia perinatal de un paciente con Hernia diafragmática congénita derecha en el Hospital Universitario de Santander. Caso clínico: Neonato de 35 semanas de gestación con diagnóstico prenatal de Hernia Diafragmática Congénita, quien fallece minutos después de su nacimiento debido a insuficiencia respiratoria aguda. En los hallazgos de autopsia se encuentra ausencia de la mayor parte del hemidiafragma derecho, herniación del contenido abdominal al tórax y una severa hipoplasia pulmonar. Conclusion: La Hernia diafragmática congénita del lado derecho se asocia con alta mortalidad neonatal y los hallazgos encontrados en el presente caso se correlacionan con los graves defectos estructurales pulmonares que se describen en otros casos reportados en la literatura. Salud UIS 2010; 42: 133-138Introduction: The congenital diaphragmatic hernia of the right side is the least common type of the congenital diaphragmatic defects which allows the passage of abdominal contents to the thoracic cavity, causing serious disorders on lung development. Objective: To describe the pathological features found in perinatal autopsy of a patient with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia of the right side at the Hospital Universitario de Santander. Case report: 35 weeks gestation neonate with prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, who died due to acute respiratory failure. In the autopsy be found a severe pulmonary hypoplasia and in the microscopic examination, the pulmonary alveoli collapsed. Conclusion: The congenital diaphragmatic hernia of the right side is associated with high neonatal mortality and the findings in

  6. Right Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernias: Is There a Correlation between Prenatal Lung Volume and Postnatal Survival, as in Isolated Left Diaphragmatic Hernias?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Victoria, Teresa; Danzer, Enrico; Oliver, Edward R; Edgar, J Christopher; Iyoob, Suzanne; Partridge, Emily A; Johnson, Ann M; Peranteau, William H; Coleman, Beverly G; Flake, Alan W; Johnson, Mark P; Hedrick, Holly H; Adzick, N Scott

    2018-01-01

    Whereas left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernias (L-CDH) have been extensively studied and their prognostic parameters delineated, right-sided hernias (R-CDH) have not. Published results remain inconclusive. The aim of this study is to evaluate if proven prognostic indicators of postnatal survival in the fetus with L-CDH apply to the fetus with R-CDH. Retrospective single-center study of R-CDH fetuses with available prenatal studies assessed for fetal lung volume by means of ultrasound-measured observed versus expected (O/E) lung area to head circumference (LHR) and magnetic resonance-calculated O/E total lung volume (TLV) in a 12-year time period. Percentage of herniated liver volume and postnatal use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) were also evaluated. In a cohort of 24 patients, O/E LHR, O/E TLV, percentage of herniated liver, and postnatal use of ECMO are not prognostic indicators of survival in the fetus with R-CDH. Cut-off values of O/E LHR of ≤45 or O/E TLV ≤25, known to select a population of severe cases for the L-CDH fetus, do not appear to extrapolate to the R-CDH fetus, as survival in both R-CDH groups is 60%. The findings in this study suggest that L- and R-CDH appear to behave differently, and that factors that make L-CDH fatal (low O/E TLV and O/E LHR, high-volume herniated liver) may not apply to the fetus with R-CDH. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  7. Tension gastrothorax: acute life-threatening manifestation of late onset congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Næss, Pål Aksel; Wiborg, Joachim; Kjellevold, Kristin; Gaarder, Christine

    2015-06-24

    Tension gastrothorax in children is a life-threatening condition and presents dramatically with acute and severe respiratory distress. It develops when an intra-thoracic stomach herniated through a diaphragmatic defect is massively distended by trapped air and/or fluid causing mediastinal displacement. Tension gastrothorax is often misinterpreted as tension pneumothorax and managed as such leading to increased morbidity and mortality. We present a child with tension gastrothorax and a literature review of this phenomenon.Immediate clinical and radiographic evaluation should lead to accurate diagnosis followed by emergency decompression of the stomach before laparotomy with reduction of herniated viscera and repair of the diaphragmatic defect.

  8. Combined mitral valve replacement associated with the Bentall procedure, diaphragmatic hernia repair and reconstruction of the pectus excavatum in a 26-year-old patient with Marfan syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stępiński, Piotr; Stankowski, Tomasz; Aboul-Hassan, Sleiman Sebastian; Szymańska, Anna; Marczak, Jakub; Cichoń, Romuald

    2016-06-01

    A 26-year-old man with Marfan syndrome was admitted as an emergency patient with ascending aorta aneurysm, severe mitral and aortic regurgitation, diaphragmatic hernia and pectus excavatum. After completion of diagnostics a combined surgical procedure was performed.

  9. Combined mitral valve replacement associated with the Bentall procedure, diaphragmatic hernia repair and reconstruction of the pectus excavatum in a 26-year-old patient with Marfan syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    St?pi?ski, Piotr; Stankowski, Tomasz; Aboul-Hassan, Sleiman Sebastian; Szyma?ska, Anna; Marczak, Jakub; Cicho?, Romuald

    2016-01-01

    A 26-year-old man with Marfan syndrome was admitted as an emergency patient with ascending aorta aneurysm, severe mitral and aortic regurgitation, diaphragmatic hernia and pectus excavatum. After completion of diagnostics a combined surgical procedure was performed.

  10. Calcitonin gene-related peptide expression is altered in pulmonary neuroendocrine cells in developing lungs of rats with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. IJsselstijn (Hanneke); N. Hung; J.C. de Jongste (Johan); D. Tibboel (Dick); E. Cutz

    1998-01-01

    textabstractCongenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with high neonatal mortality from lung hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary neuroendocrine cells (PNEC) produce calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a potent vasodilator. We

  11. Surgical and nonsurgical treatment of peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in dogs and cats: 58 cases (1999-2008).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Colby G; Bergh, Mary Sarah; McLoughlin, Mary A

    2013-03-01

    To determine clinical findings and outcomes for cats and dogs with peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) treated surgically or nonsurgically. Retrospective case series. 28 dogs and 30 cats. Medical records for cats and dogs evaluated at 1 of 2 veterinary teaching hospitals were reviewed, and data regarding clinical signs, diagnostic and surgical findings, and outcome were evaluated. Prevalence of PPDH in the 2 hospitals during the study period was 0.025% (0.062% and 0.015% for cats and dogs, respectively); PPDH was an incidental finding for 13 (46.4%) dogs and 15 (50.0%) cats. Other congenital abnormalities were identified in 16 (571%) dogs and 7 (23.3%) cats (most commonly umbilical hernias, abdominal wall hernias cranial to the umbilicus, or sternal anomalies). Thirty-four (58.6%) animals underwent surgical repair of PPDH; 27 (79.4%) of these animals had a primary diagnosis of PPDH. Detection of clinical signs of PPDH (primary diagnosis) and intestines in the pericardial sac were significantly associated with surgical treatment. Short-term mortality rate for surgically treated animals was 8.8% (3/34). Clinical signs associated with PPDH resolved in 29 (85.3%) of surgically treated animals. No significant differences were detected between dogs and cats or between surgically and nonsurgically treated animals regarding long-term survival rate. Results of this study indicated animals with clinical signs of PPDH were more likely to undergo surgery than were animals without such signs. Herniorrhaphy was typically effective for resolution of clinical signs. Long-term survival rates were similar regardless of treatment method. Surgical or nonsurgical treatment of PPDH may be appropriate for animals with or without clinical signs, respectively.

  12. Budd-chiari syndrome caused by diaphragmatic hernia of the liver: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Jae Min; Yoon, Jung Won; Kim, Jae Wook; Chung, Woo Kyoung; Chung, Hee Sun; Kim, Joo Hyung; Choi, Jun Ho; Kim, Seung Ho [Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-01-15

    Budd-Chiari syndrome is an uncommon disorder, and it is caused by obstruction of the hepatic venous out-flow or inferior vena cava above the hepatic vein. It may result from a large number of conditions, including primary congenital obstructions of the hepatic veins or inferior vena cava by webs or bands. Secondary causes include trauma, polycythemia vera, chronic leukemia, pregnancy, tumors and use of oral contraceptives. No definitive etiologic factors have been identified in two thirds of all cases. We recently experienced a case of Budd-Chiari syndrome caused by diaphragmatic hernia in 21-year-old man. Postoperative follow up CT showed normal venous flow after reintroduction of the liver into the abdominal cavity and closure of the diaphragm defect.

  13. Distal 4p microdeletion in a case of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casaccia, Germana; Mobili, Luisa; Braguglia, Annabella; Santoro, Francesco; Bagolan, Pietro

    2006-03-01

    Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a well-known genetic condition characterized by typical facial anomalies, midline defects, skeletal anomalies, prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, hypotonia, mental retardation, and seizures. Affected patients with a microdeletion on distal 4p present a milder phenotype that lacks congenital malformations. WHS is rarely associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), and only 8 cases are reported in the literature. In almost all cases of CDH and WHS a large deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4 is present. A microdeletion of 2.6 Mb on distal 4p associated with CDH and multiple congenital malformations (i.e., cleft palate) is reported for the first time. Such a microdeletion should prompt a molecular study for WHS when in a fetus/newborn with CDH the association with cleft lip/palate and typical facial appearance (flat facial profile, hypertelorism) is found. Copyright 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  14. Incidentally detected diaphragmatic hernia mimicking angina pectoris with Tc-99m MIBI myocardial perfusion imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cınar, Alev; Sadıc, Murat; Demırel, Koray; Korkmaz, Meliha

    2013-01-01

    In recent years 99m Technetium methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile ( 99m Tc MIBI) is widely used in the evaluation of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). In this imaging protocol besides the cardiac evaluation, numerous other organs are included in the field of view. 99m Technetium MIBI is taken up in all metabolically active tissue in the body except for the brain. Extracardiac uptake patterns as benign or serious conditions can be revealed during the MPI. In the imaging protocol, we should be aware of distribution of this radiotracer in order to recognize the abnormal uptake. Here in, we present a large diaphragmatic hernia, seemed as a mirror vision of myocardium that was determined incidentally during the MPI with 99m Tc MIBI

  15. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: A 4-year experience in a single centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozdogan Tutku

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study aimed to evaluate congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH patients in our department during a 4-year period. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of 10 cases of CDH patients managed in the Neonatology and Pediatric Surgery Units of Goztepe Teaching Hospital from 2000 to 2004. Results: The mean birth weight of the patients was 2,600 g and the mean gestational age was 37.6 weeks. The mean admission time for the patients was 10.4 h. The mortality rate was 50%, comprising two deaths before operation and one during operation. The surviving infants followed for 1 year are free of any symptoms and complications. Conclusion: Conventional ventilation is an other treatment modality, especially in order to gain time before surgical operation for newborns with CDH.

  16. Conversion to central cannulation following azygous vein cannulation in right congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Nosavan

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (R-CDH can be associated with variations in anatomy that make extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO cannulation challenging. We report a case of azygous vein cannulation in a R-CDH patient requiring ECMO. The venous cannula passed directly from the right internal jugular vein into the azygous vein and failed to provide adequate venous return. Cannula repositioning was unsuccessful which led to an urgent planned conversion to central cannulation with a successful outcome. The risk of azygous vein cannulation is increased in patients with R-CDH due to the anatomic distortions that are unique to this subset. Azygous vein cannulation should be considered when inadequate venous return on the ECMO circuit occurs, especially in a R-CDH patient. Central cannulation should be available if the venous cannula cannot be repositioned into the superior vena cava (SVC.

  17. Polyhydramnios with bidirectional fetal ductus arteriosus flow in a fetus with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilera, Marijo; Ramin, Kirk; Nyholm, Jessica; Gidvani, Monisha; Jacobs, Katherine; Sivanandam, Shanthi

    2011-06-01

    The etiology of polyhydramnios may be attributed to either increased production of amniotic fluid (fetal polyuria or high-output cardiac failure) or decreased fetal swallowing (obstruction or neurological impairment). Although idiopathic polyhydramnios occurs in nearly half of all cases, it is often associated with fetal abnormalities. Fetal ductus arteriosus flow is normally from right to left. We report a case of antenatally detected bidirectional fetal ductus arteriosus flow diagnosed concomitantly with polyhydramnios. Amnioreduction was performed due to severe maternal symptoms, which resulted in correction of the fetal ductus arteriosus flow. Postnatal diagnosis of a Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia indicates that our sonographic findings collectively may have been a diagnostic clue. © Thieme Medical Publishers.

  18. Fetal magnetic resonance imaging. Diagnostics in congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Fetale Magnetresonanztomographie. Diagnostik bei kongenitaler Zwerchfellhernie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kilian, A.K.; Buesing, K.A.; Neff, K.W. [Fakultaet fuer Klinische Medizin der Universitaet Heidelberg, Institut fuer Klinische Radiologie, Universitaetsklinikum Mannheim (Germany); Schaible, T. [Fakultaet fuer Klinische Medizin der Universitaet Heidelberg, Kinderklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Mannheim (Germany)

    2006-02-15

    Ultrasonography is the primary imaging modality for the evaluation of fetal or maternal anomalies. This method is safe, relatively inexpensive, easily accessible, and allows real-time imaging. Continuous technical improvements in ultrasonography in the last 10-15 years have led to improved diagnostic accuracy for fetal malformations. In cases of complex anomalies magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide additional information. MRI has evolved as a valuable diagnostic method for evaluating fetal pathology. Particularly with regard to similarity of liver and lung parenchyma in ultrasonography, diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can be difficult. Beside morphological aspects, e.g., herniation of abdominal contents into the chest, small amounts of compressed lung can be visualized on MRI. The feasibility of using volumetric measurement on MRI may be helpful to predict high-risk fetuses and facilitate decisions to assure adequate prenatal and postnatal management to improve postnatal outcome. (orig.) [German] Der Ultraschall dient in der Schwangerschaft routinemaessig als Screeningmethode fuer fetale und maternale Anomalien, da dieser als sicher fuer Kind und Mutter, guenstig, allseits verfuegbar gilt und die Moeglichkeit einer Real-time-Darstellung bietet. Insbesondere aufgrund der Weiterentwicklung in den letzten 10-15 Jahren verfuegt der Ultraschall ueber eine hohe Aussagekraft bzgl. fetaler Fehlbildungen. In einzelnen Faellen, z. B. bei komplexen Fehlbildungen, kann die Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) suffiziente Zusatzinformationen liefern. Aus diesem Grund hat sich die fetale MRT zur Diagnostik fetaler Fehlbildungen bewaehrt. Die Diagnose einer kongenitalen Zwerchfellhernie (congenital diaphragmatic hernia, CDH) kann im Ultraschall gerade durch sonographische Aehnlichkeit von Leber und Lunge erschwert sein. Im Falle einer CDH bietet die MRT neben der reinen Morphologie, u. a. der Ausdehnung der nach intrathorakal hernierten Abdominalorgane, die

  19. Expression of hepatic lipid droplets is decreased in the nitrofen model of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Hiromizu; Kutasy, Balazs; Friedmacher, Florian; Takahashi, Toshiaki; Puri, Prem

    2016-02-01

    Prenatal mortality in newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has been attributed to increased amounts of liver hernia ion through the diaphragmatic defect. Antenatal studies in human and rodent fetus with CDH further demonstrated a contribution of the developing liver in the pathogenesis of CDH. The abnormal hepatic growth in experimental animal models, therefore, indicates a disruption of normal liver development in CDH. However, the underlying structural, histological and functional changes in the liver of animals with CDH remain unclear. We design this study to test the hypothesis that the morphological and cellular liver development is altered in the nitrogen-induced CDH model. Pregnant rats were exposed to either olive oil or nitrofen on day 9 of gestation (D9). Livers and chest were harvested on D21 and divided into two groups: control (n = 8), nitrofen with CDH (CDH, n = 8). Haematoxylin-eosin (Straub et al. Histopathology 68:617-631, 2013) staining was performed to evaluate underlying morphological changes. Apoptosis was checked by using TUNEL staining and apoptotic cell number was counted on 16-16 slides in 25 fields by two independent viewers. Hepatic lipid droplet expressions were evaluated by hepatic adipose differentiation-related protein (ARDP) expression. Compared to controls markedly increased hypertrophy was seen in CDH group. Significantly increased apoptotic cell numbers were detected in CDH group compared to controls (5.1 ± 1.5 vs 2.1 ± 0.6) (p CDH group compared to controls. Immunohistochemistry showed markedly decreased hepatic ADRP immunoreactivity in CDH fetuses compared to controls. Our findings provide strong evidence of hepatic hypertrophy and increased cell apoptosis in the liver of nitrofen-induced CDH. These morphological changes may affect liver lipid droplet expression function.

  20. Down-regulation of N-deacetylase-N-sulfotransferase-1 signaling in the developing diaphragmatic vasculature of nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Toshiaki; Friedmacher, Florian; Zimmer, Julia; Puri, Prem

    2017-06-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has been attributed to various developmental abnormalities of the underlying tissue components. N-deacetylase-N-sulfotransferase-1 (Ndst1) is a strongly expressed biosynthetic enzyme in endothelial cells, which has recently been identified as an important factor during diaphragmatic vascularization. Loss of endothelial Ndst1 has been demonstrated to cause angiogenic defects in the developing diaphragm and disrupt normal diaphragmatic development. Furthermore, deficiency of Ndst1 diminishes the expression of slit homolog 3 (Slit3), a known CDH-related gene that has been associated with reduced vascular density and muscle defects in the diaphragm of Slit3 -/- mice. We hypothesized that expression of Ndst1 and Slit3 is decreased in the diaphragmatic vasculature of fetal rats with nitrofen-induced CDH. Time-mated rats received either nitrofen or vehicle on gestational day 9 (D9). Fetal diaphragms were microdissected on D13, D15 and D18, and divided into control and nitrofen-exposed specimens. Gene expression levels of Ndst1 and Slit3 were assessed using qRT-PCR. Immunofluorescence-double-staining for Ndst1 and Slit3 was performed to evaluate protein expression and localization. Relative mRNA expression of Ndst1 and Slit3 was significantly decreased in pleuroperitoneal folds (D13), developing diaphragms (D15) and fully muscularized diaphragms (D18) of nitrofen-exposed fetuses compared to controls. Confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy revealed markedly diminished Ndst1 and Slit3 expression in endothelial cells within the diaphragmatic vasculature on D13, D15 and D18 compared to controls. Down-regulation of Ndst1 signaling in the developing diaphragm may impair endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis, thus leading to defective diaphragmatic vascular development and CDH. Ib. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: neonatal outcomes following referral to a paediatric surgical centre.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Chukwu, J

    2012-02-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare malformation observed in approximately 1 in 3000 live births. Estimates of postnatal survival range from 50 to 70% despite advances in neonatal care. Antenatal diagnosis is associated with termination of pregnancy in 25-50% pregnancy internationally which may not be reflective of the Irish population. We aimed to evaluate the mortality of infants with CDH who survived to admission in a tertiary referral paediatric hospital between 1996 and 2007. The Hospital In-Patient Enquiry system was used to determine the number of neonatal referrals for CDH to OLHSC between 1996 and 2007. Mortality, sex distribution, length of patient stay and the number of cases per year were examined. 141 neonates with CDH were over 12 years with approximately 12 referrals per annum of which 82 (58%) were male and 59 (42%) female. The average length of stay in the hospital was 33 (range 0-364) days. Overall 71% of the patients survived to discharge. In the first epoch (1996-2001) survival was 63% compared with 78% in the later epoch (2002-7). The overall survival for neonates with CDH presenting to OLCHC during the 12 year-period was 71% although this improved to 78% in recent epoch. Further study of associated congenital anomalies, number of terminations of pregnancy, complexity of the diaphragmatic defect and degree of pulmonary hypertension are required to compare this population with other international centres.

  2. Radiological diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in 17th century Korean mummy.

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    Yi-Suk Kim

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is a birth defect of the diaphragm resulting in pulmonary sequelae that threaten the lives of infants. In computed tomography (CT images of a 17th century middle-aged male mummy (the Andong mummy, we observed that the abdominal contents had protruded into the right thoracic cavity through the diaphragmatic defect, accompanied by a mediastinal shift to the left. On autopsy, the defect in the right posterolateral aspect of the diaphragm was reconfirmed, as was the herniation of the abdominal organs. The herniated contents included the right lobe of the liver, the pyloric part of the stomach, a part of the greater omentum, and the right colic flexure connecting the superior part of the ascending colon and the right part of the transverse colon. Taking our CT and autopsy results together, this case was diagnosed as the Bochdalek-type CDH. Herein we make the first ever report of a CT-assisted diagnosis of a pre-modern historical case of CDH. Our results show the promising utility of this modality in investigations of mummified human remains archaeologically obtained.

  3. Outcomes in the physiologically most severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients: Whom should we treat?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kays, David W; Islam, Saleem; Perkins, Joy M; Larson, Shawn D; Taylor, Janice A; Talbert, James L

    2015-06-01

    Centers that care for newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) may impose selection criteria for offering or limiting aggressive support in those patients most severely affected. The purpose of this study was to analyze outcomes in newborns with highly severe CDH uniformly treated for survival. We reviewed 172 consecutive inborn patients without associated lethal anomalies treated at a single institution with a dedicated CDH program. Survival, respiratory outcome, and time to discharge in the most severe 10% (or fewer) of patients based on the physiologic measures of 5-minute Apgar, CDH Study Group (CDHSG) predicted survival, need for ECMO in the first 6 hours, and need for ECMO in the first 3 hours of life were studied. We also identified patients with best PaCO2 greater than 100 and best pH less than 7.0. A multivariate model (AUC-0.92) predicting mortality was also used to define the most severe 10%. Of 172 consecutive inborn patients, 18 had a 5-minute Apgar of 3 or less, and 11 survived (61%), 10 had a 5-minute Apgar of 2 or less, and 6 survived (60%), and 6 had a 5-minute Apgar of 1 or less, and 4 survived (67%). Seventeen had a CDHSG predicted survival less than 25%, and 9 survived (53%). Thirteen of 172 required ECMO for rescue in the first 6 hours of life, and 9 survived (69%), including 7 in the first 3 hours, and 5 survived (71%). Despite focused resuscitation in the delivery room and high levels of ventilatory support, 22 patients had a best PCO2 greater than 100 and best pH less than 7.0 for 1 hour or longer. Twelve of these 22 survived to discharge (55%). Of 17 defined by multivariate predictive modeling as the most severe, 8 survived (47%) with zero of the 3 ECMO ineligible prematures surviving. Of the 16 (10%) most severe ECMO-eligible patients, 10 of 16 survived (63%). All survivors were discharged home on no ventilatory support greater than nasal cannula oxygen. In newborn CDH patients without lethal associated anomalies, accepted

  4. Hérnia diafragmática direita tardia associada a hepatotórax - relato de caso com revisão da literatura Hight diaphragmatic hernia with hepatothorax - case report and literature review

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    José Marcos Parreira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Lesões diafragmáticas traumáticas ainda permanecem como um grande desafio diagnóstico na sala de emergência. Essas injúrias são entidades incomuns cujos diagnósticos passam despercebidos, resultando em hérnias diafragmáticas crônicas, podendo evoluir para estrangulamento. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente com injúria diafragmática direita tardia associada a hepatotórax diagnosticada três anos após o trauma original. O comprometimento respiratório e dor abdominal em quadrante superior foram os principais sintomas que levaram à investigação diagnóstica. Ele foi manejado através de laparotomia e o defeito fechado mediante reparo primário, sem o uso de telas. Não houve complicações no pós-operatório, com alta após seis dias. CONCLUSÃO: As hérnias diafragmáticas tardias associadas a hepatotórax são raras. Estudos radiográficos e tomografias computadorizadas são os métodos de escolha para o correto diagnóstico. Tanto a toracotomia quanto a laparotomia podem ser realizadas para o reparo cirúrgico.INTRODUCTION: Traumatic diaphragm lesions still remain problematic in diagnosis and handling. CASE REPORT: Patient with diaphragmatic hernia had the diagnosis made three years after car accident. At admission, he was with abdominal pain and respiratory distress. Submitted to image investigation, had the diagnosis done of a diaphragm herniation. Laparotomy revealed liver and adjacent viscera into the thorax and a diaphragm defect of 15 cm. The defect was closed without the use any mash. There was no complications and in an outclinic assistance, one year later, he was asymptomatic. CONCLUSION: Diaphragmatic herniations are rare entities. Image examination is indicated and can do correct diagnosis in all cases. Laparotomy or thoracotomy must be use in defect reparation.

  5. Metabolic disturbances of the vitamin A pathway in human diaphragmatic hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coste, Karen; J. E. Beurskens, Leonardus W.; Blanc, Pierre; Gallot, Denis; Delabaere, Amélie; Blanchon, Loïc; Tibboel, Dick; Labbé, André; Rottier, Robbert J.

    2014-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a common life-threatening congenital anomaly resulting in high rates of perinatal death and neonatal respiratory distress. Some of the nonisolated forms are related to single-gene mutations or genomic rearrangements, but the genetics of the isolated forms (60% of cases) still remains a challenging issue. Retinoid signaling (RA) is critical for both diaphragm and lung development, and it has been hypothesized that subtle disruptions of this pathway could contribute to isolated CDH etiology. Here we used time series of normal and CDH lungs in humans, in nitrofen-exposed rats, and in surgically induced hernia in rabbits to perform a systematic transcriptional analysis of the RA pathway key components. The results point to CRPBP2, CY26B1, and ALDH1A2 as deregulated RA signaling genes in human CDH. Furthermore, the expression profile comparisons suggest that ALDH1A2 overexpression is not a primary event, but rather a consequence of the CDH-induced lung injury. Taken together, these data show that RA signaling disruption is part of CDH pathogenesis, and also that dysregulation of this pathway should be considered organ specifically. PMID:25416379

  6. An uncommon case of late-onset congenital diaphragmatic hernia with bloody stool

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    Keisuke Jimbo

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Late-onset congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is an uncommon subset of CDH and distinct from neonatal CDH with respect to presenting symptoms, diagnosis, management, and prognosis. In particular, CDH diagnosed after 30 days of age (late-onset CDH is uncommon and has an atypical presentation and a more favorable prognosis. In the present report, an infantile late-onset CDH case that presented with bloody stool and had a severe clinical course is described. In previous reports, no late-onset CDH case developed bloody stool. After diagnosis with image inspections, emergency surgery was performed. At operation, via the hernia orifice, the jejunum was seen to have prolapsed into the thoracic cavity with focally significant intestinal and mesenteric congestion, but no intestinal necrosis. In general, other disorders such as intussusception may be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute abdomen with bloody stool in patients of this age. However, in such late-onset CDH cases, immediate differentiation from other causes of acute abdomen that present with bloody stool is life-saving.

  7. Diminished Cardiac Performance and Left Ventricular Dimensions in Neonates with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altit, Gabriel; Bhombal, Shazia; Van Meurs, Krisa; Tacy, Theresa A

    2018-03-09

    Newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have varying degrees of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH), and there is limited evidence that cardiac dysfunction is present. We sought to study early neonatal biventricular function and performance in these patients by reviewing early post-natal echocardiography (ECHO) measurements and comparing them to normal term newborns. Retrospective case-control study reviewing clinical and ECHO data on term newborns with CDH and normal controls born between 2009 and 2016. Patients were excluded if major anomalies, genetic syndromes, or no ECHO available. PH was assessed by ductal shunting and tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity. Speckle-tracking echocardiography was used to assess myocardial deformation using velocity vector imaging. Forty-four patients with CDH and 18 age-matched controls were analyzed. Pulmonary pressures were significantly higher in the CDH cohort (systolic pulmonary arterial pressure to systolic blood pressure of 103 ± 13 vs. 78 ± 29%, p = 0.0001). CDH patients had decreased RV fractional area change (FAC - 28.6 ± 11.1 vs. 36.2 ± 9.6%, p = 0.02), tricuspid annular plane of systolic excursion (TAPSE-5.6 ± 1.6 vs. 8.6 ± 1.6 mm, p = 0.0001), and RV outflow tract stroke distance (8.6 ± 2.7 vs. 14.0 ± 4.5 cm, p = 0.0001) compared with controls. The left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction was similar in both groups, but CDH patients had a decreased LV end-diastolic volume by Simpson's rule (2.7 ± 1.0 vs. 5.0 ± 1.8 mL, p = 0.0001) and LVOT stroke distance (9.7 ± 3.4 vs. 12.6 ± 3.6 cm, p = 0.004). Biventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) was markedly decreased in the CDH population compared to controls (RV-GLS: - 9.0 ± 5.3 vs. - 19.5 ± 1.4%, p = 0.0001; LV GLS: - 13.2 ± 5.8 vs. - 20.8 ± 3.5%, p = 0.0001). CDH newborns have evidence of biventricular dysfunction

  8. Long-term maturation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia treatment results: toward development of a severity-specific treatment algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kays, David W; Islam, Saleem; Larson, Shawn D; Perkins, Joy; Talbert, James L

    2013-10-01

    To assess the impact of varying approaches to congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair timing on survival and need for ECMO when controlled for anatomic and physiologic disease severity in a large consecutive series of patients with CDH. Our publication of 60 consecutive patients with CDH in 1999 showed that survival was significantly improved by limiting lung inflation pressures and eliminating hyperventilation. We retrospectively reviewed 268 consecutive patients with CDH, combining 208 new patients with the 60 previously reported. Management and ventilator strategy were highly consistent throughout. Varying approaches to surgical timing were applied as the series matured. Patients with anatomically less severe left liver-down CDH had significantly increased need for ECMO if repaired in the first 48 hours, whereas patients with more severe left liver-up CDH survived at a higher rate when repair was performed before ECMO. Overall survival of 268 patients was 78%. Survival was 88% for those without lethal associated anomalies. Of these, 99% of left liver-down CDH survived, 91% of right CDH survived, and 76% of left liver-up CDH survived. This study shows that patients with anatomically less severe CDH benefit from delayed surgery whereas patients with anatomically more severe CDH may benefit from a more aggressive surgical approach. These findings show that patients respond differently across the CDH anatomic severity spectrum and lay the foundation for the development of risk-specific treatment protocols for patients with CDH.

  9. Stomach position in prediction of survival in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia with or without fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordier, A-G; Jani, J C; Cannie, M M; Rodó, C; Fabietti, I; Persico, N; Saada, J; Carreras, E; Senat, M-V; Benachi, A

    2015-08-01

    To investigate the value of fetal stomach position in predicting postnatal outcome in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) with and without fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO). This was a retrospective review of CDH cases that were expectantly managed or treated with FETO, assessed from May 2008 to October 2013, in which we graded, on a scale of 1-4, stomach position on the four-chamber view of the heart with respect to thoracic structures. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the effect of management center (Paris, Brussels, Barcelona, Milan), stomach grading, observed-to-expected lung area-to-head circumference ratio (O/E-LHR), gestational age at delivery, birth weight in expectantly managed CDH, gestational ages at FETO and at removal and period of tracheal occlusion, on postnatal survival in CDH cases treated with FETO. We identified 67 expectantly managed CDH cases and 47 CDH cases that were treated with FETO. In expectantly managed CDH, stomach position and O/E-LHR predicted postnatal survival independently. In CDH treated with FETO, stomach position and gestational age at delivery predicted postnatal survival independently. In left-sided CDH with or without FETO, stomach position is predictive of postnatal survival. Copyright © 2014 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Long-term nutritional morbidity for congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors: Failure to thrive extends well into childhood and adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haliburton, Beth; Mouzaki, Marialena; Chiang, Monping; Scaini, Vikki; Marcon, Margaret; Moraes, Theo J; Chiu, Priscilla P

    2015-05-01

    Failure to thrive (FTT) is well documented among congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors ≤3years of age, but its etiology, severity, and persistence beyond this age require further elucidation. We conducted a single-center, retrospective study assessing anthropometrics, measured energy expenditure, and feeding tube (FT) use of 5-17 year olds in our multidisciplinary CDH clinic since January 2001. We stratified clinic visits based on age A: 5.0-6.9, B: 7.0-9.9, C: 10.0-14.9, and D: 15-17.9years. One hundred sixteen patients with 376 outpatient visits were reviewed. Anthropometric z-scores were below zero and did not vary across age cohorts. FTT and growth stunting each occurred in 14% of clinic visits. FTs inserted during infancy occurred in 25% of patients, and 60% remained by age 7years. In cohort A, those with FTs were lighter and shorter than those without (pFailure to thrive continues in long-term CDH survivors, FTs may not improve incidence of FTT. Increased energy expenditure may play a role. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Standardization of pulmonary ventilation technique using volume-controlled ventilators in rats with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Melo Gallindo

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To standardize a technique for ventilating rat fetuses with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH using a volume-controlled ventilator. METHODS: Pregnant rats were divided into the following groups: a control (C; b exposed to nitrofen with CDH (CDH; and c exposed to nitrofen without CDH (N-. Fetuses of the three groups were randomly divided into the subgroups ventilated (V and non-ventilated (N-V. Fetuses were collected on day 21.5 of gestation, weighed and ventilated for 30 minutes using a volume-controlled ventilator. Then the lungs were collected for histological study. We evaluated: body weight (BW, total lung weight (TLW, left lung weight (LLW, ratios TLW / BW and LLW / BW, morphological histology of the airways and causes of failures of ventilation. RESULTS: BW, TLW, LLW, TLW / BW and LLW / BW were higher in C compared with N- (p 0.05. The morphology of the pulmonary airways showed hypoplasia in groups N- and CDH, with no difference between V and N-V (p <0.05. The C and N- groups could be successfully ventilated using a tidal volume of 75 ìl, but the failure of ventilation in the CDH group decreased only when ventilated with 50 ìl. CONCLUSION: Volume ventilation is possible in rats with CDH for a short period and does not alter fetal or lung morphology.

  12. Stomach position versus liver-to-thoracic volume ratio in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordier, Anne-Gaël; Cannie, Mieke M; Guilbaud, Lucie; De Laveaucoupet, Jocelyne; Martinovic, Jéléna; Nowakowska, Dorota; Milejska-Lewandowska, Malgorzata; Rodó, Carlota; Viaris de Lesegno, Benjamin; Votino, Carmela; Senat, Marie-Victoire; Jani, Jacques C; Benachi, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    To describe a new grading method for stomach position (SP) in fetuses with left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (L-CDH) using ultrasound and to correlate SP to liver position and to liver-to-thoracic cavity volume ratio (LiTR) using magnetic resonance imaging. SP were graded at the level of the 4-chamber view as following: grade 1-to-4 for stomach not visualised, visualised anteriorly at the apex of the heart, stomach showing abdominal structures anteriorly and stomach with its larger part posterior to the level of the atrial-ventricular heart valves, respectively. The LiTR was calculated and correlated to SP using the Mann-Whitney U test. Seventy-four fetuses were included. Median LiTR for grade 1 SP was 0% and was not different from median LiTR for grade 2 SP (0%, p=NS). Median LiTR for grade 3 SP was 14.9% and was significantly higher than for grade 2 SP (p<0.001). Similarly, median LiTR for grade 4 SP was 20.7% and was significantly higher than for grade 3 SP (p<0.05). When SP was grade 1 or 2, liver was intra-abdominal in 21 (84%) out of 25 fetuses while it was always intrathoracic for SP 3 or 4. In L-CDH, SP as described represents a simple indirect measurement of intrathoracic position and quantification of liver.

  13. Enteric nervous system and esophageal-gastrointestinal motility in experimental congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pederiva, Federica; Martinez, Leopoldo; Tovar, J A

    2014-04-01

    Gastroesophageal reflux and intestinal distension have been described in survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Deficient enteric innervation demonstrated in experimental models is a likely explanation for these symptoms. This study aimed at further characterizing these anomalies and examining esophageal and intestinal motility in this condition. Pregnant rats received either nitrofen or vehicle on E9.5. Sections of E15, E18, and E21 esophagus and small bowel were stained for protein gene product 9.5, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) diaphorase (NADPHd), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE). The proportion of neural tissue/muscle surface was measured and the NADPHd- and AChE-positive motor endplates (MEPs) were counted. E18 and E21 stomachs were stained for AChE, the ganglia were counted and measured. The peristalsis of the esophagus and small bowel was video recorded. The relative neural/muscle surface and the number of NADPHd- and AChE-positive MEPs were decreased on E15 and E18 in the esophagus and small bowel of embryos with CDH, but they tended to improve on E21. The number and the mean surface of stomach ganglia were smaller in E18 and E21 fetuses with CDH. Peristaltic movements were decreased in the esophagus and small bowel of animals with CDH. Deficient enteric innervation impaired gastrointestinal motility in experimental CDH. This could explain some long-term morbidity in the human condition. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  14. Making meaning of pumping for mothers of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froh, Elizabeth B; Deatrick, Janet A; Curley, Martha A Q; Spatz, Diane L

    2015-01-01

    To describe the process of initiation and maintenance of milk supply and potential transition to direct breastfeeding among mother/infant dyads with infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). A Level-III neonatal intensive care unit. Eleven mother/infant dyads with infants with CDH. Prospective, longitudinal qualitative descriptive design. Semistructured interviews were conducted over the course of the NICU stay. Conventional content analysis was used. Human milk oral care emerged from the interview data as a strong facilitating factor to encouraging mothers to continue pumping during hospitalization. Four main themes emerged regarding the importance and value of human milk oral care for the mothers in relation to pumping and maintenance of milk supply: (a) It motivates me; (b) I'm a part of my baby getting better; (c) We do it together, and (d) We're getting somewhere. The findings of this study reflect the importance and value of human milk oral care as a driving factor to motivate mothers to maintain milk supply during the critical time when the infant with CDH is not able to take in enteral nutrition and throughout the hospital stay. © 2015 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses.

  15. Conditional deletion of WT1 in the septum transversum mesenchyme causes congenital diaphragmatic hernia in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmona, Rita; Cañete, Ana; Cano, Elena; Ariza, Laura; Rojas, Anabel; Muñoz-Chápuli, Ramon

    2016-09-19

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a severe birth defect. Wt1-null mouse embryos develop CDH but the mechanisms regulated by WT1 are unknown. We have generated a murine model with conditional deletion of WT1 in the lateral plate mesoderm, using the G2 enhancer of the Gata4 gene as a driver. 80% of G2-Gata4(Cre);Wt1(fl/fl) embryos developed typical Bochdalek-type CDH. We show that the posthepatic mesenchymal plate coelomic epithelium gives rise to a mesenchyme that populates the pleuroperitoneal folds isolating the pleural cavities before the migration of the somitic myoblasts. This process fails when Wt1 is deleted from this area. Mutant embryos show Raldh2 downregulation in the lateral mesoderm, but not in the intermediate mesoderm. The mutant phenotype was partially rescued by retinoic acid treatment of the pregnant females. Replacement of intermediate by lateral mesoderm recapitulates the evolutionary origin of the diaphragm in mammals. CDH might thus be viewed as an evolutionary atavism.

  16. Abnormalities in pulmonary function in infants with high-risk congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rygl, Michal; Rounova, Petra; Sulc, Jan; Slaby, Krystof; Stranak, Zbynek; Pycha, Karel; Svobodova, Tamara; Pohunek, Petr; Skaba, Richard

    2015-09-01

    The aim of the study was to analyze lung growth and abnormality of infant pulmonary function tests (IPFT) in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors younger than three years of age with respect to unfavorable prognostic factors. Thirty high-risk CDH survivors at the age of 1.32±0.54 years, body weight 9.76±1.25 kg were examined using IPFT: tidal breathing analysis, baby resistance/compliance, whole baby body plethysmography and rapid thoraco-abdominal compression. Gore-Tex patch was used in 13% of patients (GORE group). Pulmonary hypertension was diagnosed and managed in 13% (iNO group). Standard protocols and appropriate reference values were used and obtained data were statistically analysed. High incidence of peripheral airway obstruction (70%), increased value of functional residual capacity (FRCp) 191.3±24.5 mL (126.5±36.9 % predicted; P GORE group (165.7±51.9 versus 120.4±31.2, P Gore-Tex patch, pulmonary hypertension) correlate with more severe alteration of pulmonary function in infants.

  17. Perturbations in Endothelial Dysfunction-Associated Pathways in the Nitrofen-Induced Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhaorigetu, Siqin; Bair, Henry; Lu, Jonathan; Jin, Di; Olson, Scott D; Harting, Matthew T

    2018-01-01

    Although it is well known that nitrofen induces congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), including CDH-associated lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH) in rodents, the mechanism of pathogenesis remains largely unclear. It has been reported that pulmonary artery (PA) endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction contributes to the development of PH in CDH. Thus, we hypothesized that there is significant alteration of endothelial dysfunction-associated proteins in nitrofen-induced CDH PAs. Pregnant SD rats received either nitrofen or olive oil on gestational day 9.5. The newborn rats were sacrificed and divided into a CDH (n = 81) and a control (n = 23) group. After PA isolation, the expression of PA endothelial dysfunction-associated proteins was assessed on Western blot and immunostaining. We demonstrate that the expression of C-reactive protein and endothelin-1 and its receptors, ETA and ETB, were significantly increased in the CDH PAs. Levels of phosphorylated myosin light chain were significantly elevated, but those of phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase, caveolin-1, and mechanistic target of rapamycin were significantly decreased in the CDH PAs. In this work, we elucidate alterations in the expression of endothelial dysfunction-associated proteins specific to nitrofen-induced CDH rodent PAs, thereby advancing our understanding of the critical role of endothelial dysfunction-associated pathways in the pathogenesis of nitrofen-induced CDH. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  18. Standardized postnatal management of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia in Europe: the CDH EURO Consortium consensus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiss, I; Schaible, T; van den Hout, L; Capolupo, I; Allegaert, K; van Heijst, A; Gorett Silva, M; Greenough, A; Tibboel, D

    2010-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with high mortality and morbidity. To date, there are no standardized protocols for the treatment of infants with this anomaly. However, protocols based on the literature and expert opinion might improve outcome. This paper is a consensus statement from the CDH EURO Consortium prepared with the aim of achieving standardized postnatal treatment in European countries. During a consensus meeting between high-volume centers with expertise in the treatment of CDH in Europe (CDH EURO Consortium), the most recent literature on CDH was discussed. Thereafter, 5 experts graded the studies according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) Criteria. Differences in opinion were discussed until full consensus was reached. The final consensus statement, therefore, represents the opinion of all consortium members. Multicenter randomized controlled trials on CDH are lacking. Use of a standardized protocol, however, may contribute to more valid comparisons of patient data in multicenter studies and identification of areas for further research. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  19. Early neonatal echocardiographic findings in an experimental rabbit model of congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.H. Manso

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to demonstrate that congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH results in vascular abnormalities that are directly associated with the severity of pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension. These events increase right ventricle (RV afterload and may adversely affect disease management and patient survival. Our objective was to investigate cardiac function, specifically right ventricular changes, immediately after birth and relate them to myocardial histological findings in a CDH model. Pregnant New Zealand rabbits underwent the surgical procedure at 25 days of gestation (n=14. CDH was created in one fetus per horn (n=16, and the other fetuses were used as controls (n=20. At term (30 days, fetuses were removed, immediately dried and weighed before undergoing four-parameter echocardiography. The lungs and the heart were removed, weighed, and histologically analyzed. CDH animals had smaller total lung weight (P<0.005, left lung weight (P<0.005, and lung-to-body ratio (P<0.005. Echocardiography revealed a smaller left-to-right ventricle ratio (LV/RV, P<0.005 and larger diastolic right ventricle size (DRVS, P<0.007. Histologic analysis revealed a larger number of myocytes undergoing mitotic division (186 vs 132, P<0.05 in CDH hearts. Immediate RV dilation of CDH hearts is related to myocyte mitosis increase. This information may aid the design of future strategies to address pulmonary hypertension in CDH.

  20. Molecular pathogenesis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia revealed by exome sequencing, developmental data, and bioinformatics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longoni, Mauro; High, Frances A.; Russell, Meaghan K.; Kashani, Alireza; Tracy, Adam A.; Coletti, Caroline M.; Hila, Regis; Shamia, Ahmed; Wells, Julie; Ackerman, Kate G.; Wilson, Jay M.; Bult, Carol J.; Lee, Charles; Lage, Kasper; Pober, Barbara R.; Donahoe, Patricia K.

    2014-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a common and severe birth defect. Despite its clinical significance, the genetic and developmental pathways underlying this disorder are incompletely understood. In this study, we report a catalog of variants detected by a whole exome sequencing study on 275 individuals with CDH. Predicted pathogenic variants in genes previously identified in either humans or mice with diaphragm defects are enriched in our CDH cohort compared with 120 size-matched random gene sets. This enrichment was absent in control populations. Variants in these critical genes can be found in up to 30.9% of individuals with CDH. In addition, we filtered variants by using genes derived from regions of recurrent copy number variations in CDH, expression profiles of the developing diaphragm, protein interaction networks expanded from the known CDH-causing genes, and prioritized genes with ultrarare and highly disruptive variants, in 11.3% of CDH patients. These strategies have identified several high priority genes and developmental pathways that likely contribute to the CDH phenotype. These data are valuable for comparison of candidate genes generated from whole exome sequencing of other CDH cohorts or multiplex kindreds and provide ideal candidates for further functional studies. Furthermore, we propose that these genes and pathways will enhance our understanding of the heterogeneous molecular etiology of CDH. PMID:25107291

  1. Immunohistochemical Distribution of Surfactant Apoprotein-A in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia-II

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    Koushi Asabe

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Morphometric analyses of the immunohistochemical expression of surfactant apoprotein A (SP-A were carried out on the bronchioles of human congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH neonates and then compared with those in a gestational and postnatal age-matched control group. There was no difference in SP-A expression between lung specimens of the control group and unaffected lungs in the CDH group. However, compared with both these lungs, the ipsilateral lungs of the CDH group showed a significant increase in SP-A expression, namely, the number of SP-A-positive cells per bronchiole, the number of SP-A-positive cells per unit perimeter of bronchiole, and the number of SP-A-positive cells per unit bronchiolar surface area. These results suggest that in lungs of CDH cases, especially ipsilateral lungs, there is a possible delay in the functional maturation or development of SP-A synthesis by the bronchiole, and this retardation may play a role in the postnatal respiratory insufficiency observed in CDH patients.

  2. Altered Pulmonary Artery Endothelial - Smooth Muscle Cell Interactions in Experimental Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acker, Shannon N.; Seedorf, Gregory J.; Abman, Steven H.; Nozik-Grayck, Eva; Kuhn, Katherine; Partrick, David A.; Gien, Jason

    2014-01-01

    Background Pulmonary hypertension (PH) secondary to vascular remodeling contributes to poor outcomes in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), however mechanisms responsible are unknown. We hypothesized that pulmonary artery endothelial cell (PAEC) dysfunction contributes to smooth muscle cell (SMC) hyperplasia in experimental CDH. Methods PAEC and SMC were isolated from fetal sheep with experimental CDH and controls. SMC growth was assessed alone and with SOD plus catalase and during co-culture with control or CDH PAEC with and without ET-1 siRNA transfection. ET-1 protein was measured in PAEC and PASMC lysates and supernatant. ROS production was measured in normal and CDH PAECs with and without ET-1 siRNA. PAEC growth and tube formation were measured with SOD plus catalase. Results CDH SMC growth was decreased and and increased with co-culture with CDH PAEC more than control PAEC. Treatment of CDH PAEC with SOD plus catalase or ET-1 siRNA prevented the increase in SMC growth seen with co-culture. ET-1 protein was increased in CDH PAEC and SMC. ROS production was increased in CDH PAEC and decreased with ET-1 SiRNA. SOD plus catalase restored CDH PAEC growth and tube formation. Conclusions PAEC dysfunction in experimental CDH increases SMC proliferation via ET-1 induced ROS production by PAEC. PMID:25580737

  3. Partial duplication of 13q31.3-q34 and deletion of 13q34 associated with diaphragmatic hernia as a sole malformation in a fetus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønch, Aia E; Larsen, Lise G; Pouplier, Susanne

    2012-01-01

    Partial duplications and deletions of chromosome 13 are rare and the phenotypic expressions of both aneuploidies are highly variable. Here we report on a fetus diagnosed prenatally with partial trisomy of 13q and a diaphragmatic hernia as a sole malformation. The parents had decided to terminate...... analysis revealed additional material on chromosome 13, which was shown to be from the same chromosome, by FISH analysis. Array CGH demonstrated a partial duplication and a small deletion at the distal long arm of chromosome 13. The parents had normal karyotypes. This is the first case of a de novo pure...... partial duplication of 13q31.3-q34 and distal deletion of 13q34 with a phenotype apparently only involving a diaphragmatic hernia and three lung lobes on both sides. Microarray analysis was useful in refining the chromosomal imbalance and suggesting a candidate region for diaphragmatic hernia....

  4. Simplified technique for minimally invasive repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia using hollow-needle snare and transthoracic traction stitches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Jazaeri, Ayman

    2012-01-01

    Minimally invasive (MI) congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair can be challenging. Placing rib-anchoring stitches without creating skin incisions and closing wider defects are some of the difficulties. In Bochdaleck hernia repair, maintaining visceral reduction and minimizing pneumothorax use are additional obstacles. We describe the use of hollow-needle snares (HNS) and transthoracic traction stitches (TTS) to overcome these challenges. Hollow-needle snares is assembled by passing a prolene stitch through a hollow needle creating a retractable snare, which is used to extract the placed anchoring stitches by passing it over the ribs but through the same stitch's skin entrance site. In Bochdaleck hernia, the early placement of TTS using HNS can facilitate visceral reduction, patch lay down, and tension-free closure of possible residual V-shaped defects. Between July 2009 and April 2011, we performed 10 consecutive MI CDH repairs for 9 patients, including 7 Bochdaleck and 3 Morgagni hernias. The median age was 8 days (range, 3-172 days), and the mean operative time was 148.5 ± 37.8 minutes for Bochdaleck hernia repairs. For Morgagni hernia, the median age was 18.3 months (range, 10.5-37 months), and the mean operative time was 100 ± 26.5 minutes. All cases were completed without conversion. One patient had a hernia recurrence and was repaired similarly, whereas the others had uneventful recovery at a median follow-up of 5.8 months (range, 1.1-23.7 months). Hollow-needle snare and TTS are simple and available tools that can facilitate MI repair of CDH. This initial experience demonstrates the technique's effectiveness and its excellent cosmetic outcomes. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Non-traumatic trans-diaphragmatic intercostal hernia and cor pulmonale in a patient with poorly controlled obstructive sleep apnoea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehdi, Syed Basharath; Madi, Salem; Sudworth, Jordan

    2016-10-28

    Trans-diaphragmatic intercostal hernia is a rare entity. Patient with multiple medical comorbidities, including obstructive sleep apnoea, presents with shortness of breath, leg oedema and a bulging swelling through the right chest wall. CT shows partial herniation of the right lung and liver through intercostal space and an echocardiogram reveals right heart failure. He was treated initially with continuous positive airway pressure with poor response and subsequently treated with adaptive servo ventilation with much better symptomatic relief and treatment tolerance. 2016 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  6. Decreased Rac1 Cardiac Expression in Nitrofen-Induced Diaphragmatic Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Hiroki; Zimmer, Julia; Puri, Prem

    2018-02-01

     The high incidence of cardiac malformations in humans and animal models with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is well known. The hypoplasia of left heart is common among fetuses with CDH and has been identified as a poor prognostic factor. However, the precise mechanisms underlying cardiac maldevelopment in CDH are not fully understood. Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1) plays a key role in cardiomyocyte polarity and embryonic heart development. Deficiency of Rac1 is reported to impair elongation and cytoskeletal organization of cardiomyocytes, resulting in congenital cardiac defects. We designed this study to test the hypothesis that Rac1 expression is downregulated in the developing hearts of rats with nitrofen-induced CDH.  Following ethical approval (REC1103), time-pregnant Sprague Dawley rats received nitrofen or vehicle on gestational day 9 (D9). Fetuses were sacrificed on D18 and D21 and divided into CDH and control (CTRL) ( n  = 6 for each group and time point). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), Western blotting, and confocal-immunofluorescence microscopy were performed to detect cardiac gene and protein expression of Rac1.  qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis revealed that Rac1 expression was significantly decreased in the CDH group compared with controls ( p  Rac1 cardiac expression was markedly decreased in the CDH group compared with controls.  Decreased cardiac Rac1 expression in the nitrofen-induced CDH suggests that Rac1 deficiency during morphogenesis may impair structural cardiac remodeling, resulting in congenital cardiac defects. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. BMP4 and LGL1 are Down Regulated in an Ovine Model of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

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    Heather eEmmerton-Coughlin

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background/Purpose: The molecular pathophysiology of lung hypoplasia in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH remains poorly understood. The Wnt signaling pathway and downstream targets, such as bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP 4 and other factors such as late gestation lung protein 1 (LGL1, are essential to normal lung development. Nitrofen-induced hypoplastic CDH rodent lungs demonstrate down regulation of the Wnt pathway including BMP4 and reduced LGL1 expression. The aim of the current study was to examine the molecular pathophysiology associated with a surgically induced CDH in an ovine model. Methods: Left thoracotomy was performed at 80 days in 14 fetal sheep; CDH was created in 7 experimental animals. Lungs were harvested at 136 days (term=145d. Lung weight and mean terminal bronchiole density (MTBD were measured to determine the degree of pulmonary hypoplasia. Quantitative real time PCR was undertaken to analyze Wnt2, Wnt7b, BMP4 and LGL1 mRNA expression. Results: Total lung weight was decreased while MTBD was increased in the CDH group (p<0.05, confirming pulmonary hypoplasia. BMP4 and LGL1 mRNA was significantly reduced in CDH lungs (p<0.05. Wnt2 mRNA was decreased, although not significantly (p<0.06. Conclusions: For the first time, down regulation of BMP4 and Lgl1 are reported in an ovine CDH model. In contrast to other animal models, these changes are persistent to near term. These findings suggest that mechanical compression from herniated viscera may play a more important role in causing pulmonary hypoplasia in CDH, rather than a primary defect in lung organogenesis.

  8. VEGF receptor expression decreases during lung development in congenital diaphragmatic hernia induced by nitrofen

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    Sbragia, L. [Divisão de Cirurgia Pediátrica, Departamento de Cirurgia e Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil, Divisão de Cirurgia Pediátrica, Departamento de Cirurgia e Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil); Nassr, A.C.C. [Departamento de Hidrobiologia do Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brasil, Departamento de Hidrobiologia do Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP (Brazil); Gonçalves, F.L.L. [Divisão de Cirurgia Pediátrica, Departamento de Cirurgia e Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil, Divisão de Cirurgia Pediátrica, Departamento de Cirurgia e Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil); Schmidt, A.F. [Pediatrics House Office, Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA, Pediatrics House Office, Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Zuliani, C.C. [Departamento de Clínica Médica, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brasil, Departamento de Clínica Médica, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP (Brazil); Garcia, P.V. [Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brasil, Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP (Brazil); Gallindo, R.M. [Divisão de Cirurgia Pediátrica, Departamento de Cirurgia e Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil, Divisão de Cirurgia Pediátrica, Departamento de Cirurgia e Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil); Pereira, L.A.V. [Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brasil, Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP (Brazil)

    2014-02-17

    Changes in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in pulmonary vessels have been described in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and may contribute to the development of pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension; however, how the expression of VEGF receptors changes during fetal lung development in CDH is not understood. The aim of this study was to compare morphological evolution with expression of VEGF receptors, VEGFR1 (Flt-1) and VEGFR2 (Flk-1), in pseudoglandular, canalicular, and saccular stages of lung development in normal rat fetuses and in fetuses with CDH. Pregnant rats were divided into four groups (n=20 fetuses each) of four different gestational days (GD) 18.5, 19.5, 20.5, 21.5: external control (EC), exposed to olive oil (OO), exposed to 100 mg nitrofen, by gavage, without CDH (N-), and exposed to nitrofen with CDH (CDH) on GD 9.5 (term=22 days). The morphological variables studied were: body weight (BW), total lung weight (TLW), left lung weight, TLW/BW ratio, total lung volume, and left lung volume. The histometric variables studied were: left lung parenchymal area density and left lung parenchymal volume. VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 expression were determined by Western blotting. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance with the Tukey-Kramer post hoc test. CDH frequency was 37% (80/216). All the morphological and histometric variables were reduced in the N- and CDH groups compared with the controls, and reductions were more pronounced in the CDH group (P<0.05) and more evident on GD 20.5 and GD 21.5. Similar results were observed for VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 expression. We conclude that N- and CDH fetuses showed primary pulmonary hypoplasia, with a decrease in VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 expression.

  9. VEGF receptor expression decreases during lung development in congenital diaphragmatic hernia induced by nitrofen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sbragia, L.; Nassr, A.C.C.; Gonçalves, F.L.L.; Schmidt, A.F.; Zuliani, C.C.; Garcia, P.V.; Gallindo, R.M.; Pereira, L.A.V.

    2014-01-01

    Changes in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in pulmonary vessels have been described in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and may contribute to the development of pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension; however, how the expression of VEGF receptors changes during fetal lung development in CDH is not understood. The aim of this study was to compare morphological evolution with expression of VEGF receptors, VEGFR1 (Flt-1) and VEGFR2 (Flk-1), in pseudoglandular, canalicular, and saccular stages of lung development in normal rat fetuses and in fetuses with CDH. Pregnant rats were divided into four groups (n=20 fetuses each) of four different gestational days (GD) 18.5, 19.5, 20.5, 21.5: external control (EC), exposed to olive oil (OO), exposed to 100 mg nitrofen, by gavage, without CDH (N-), and exposed to nitrofen with CDH (CDH) on GD 9.5 (term=22 days). The morphological variables studied were: body weight (BW), total lung weight (TLW), left lung weight, TLW/BW ratio, total lung volume, and left lung volume. The histometric variables studied were: left lung parenchymal area density and left lung parenchymal volume. VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 expression were determined by Western blotting. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance with the Tukey-Kramer post hoc test. CDH frequency was 37% (80/216). All the morphological and histometric variables were reduced in the N- and CDH groups compared with the controls, and reductions were more pronounced in the CDH group (P<0.05) and more evident on GD 20.5 and GD 21.5. Similar results were observed for VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 expression. We conclude that N- and CDH fetuses showed primary pulmonary hypoplasia, with a decrease in VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 expression

  10. VEGF receptor expression decreases during lung development in congenital diaphragmatic hernia induced by nitrofen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Sbragia

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Changes in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF in pulmonary vessels have been described in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH and may contribute to the development of pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension; however, how the expression of VEGF receptors changes during fetal lung development in CDH is not understood. The aim of this study was to compare morphological evolution with expression of VEGF receptors, VEGFR1 (Flt-1 and VEGFR2 (Flk-1, in pseudoglandular, canalicular, and saccular stages of lung development in normal rat fetuses and in fetuses with CDH. Pregnant rats were divided into four groups (n=20 fetuses each of four different gestational days (GD 18.5, 19.5, 20.5, 21.5: external control (EC, exposed to olive oil (OO, exposed to 100 mg nitrofen, by gavage, without CDH (N-, and exposed to nitrofen with CDH (CDH on GD 9.5 (term=22 days. The morphological variables studied were: body weight (BW, total lung weight (TLW, left lung weight, TLW/BW ratio, total lung volume, and left lung volume. The histometric variables studied were: left lung parenchymal area density and left lung parenchymal volume. VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 expression were determined by Western blotting. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance with the Tukey-Kramer post hoc test. CDH frequency was 37% (80/216. All the morphological and histometric variables were reduced in the N- and CDH groups compared with the controls, and reductions were more pronounced in the CDH group (P<0.05 and more evident on GD 20.5 and GD 21.5. Similar results were observed for VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 expression. We conclude that N- and CDH fetuses showed primary pulmonary hypoplasia, with a decrease in VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 expression.

  11. Health-related quality of life and its determinants in children with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background The development of new therapeutics has led to progress in the early management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in pediatric intensive care units (PICU). Little is known about the impact on the quality of life (QoL) of children and their family. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of CDH treated according to the most recent concepts and methods outlined above on child survivors’ QoL and their parents’ QoL. Patients and methods This study incorporated a cross-sectional design performed in two PICU (Marseille, France). Families of CDH survivors born between 1999 and 2008 were eligible. The following data were recorded: socio-demographics, antenatal history and delivery, initial hospitalization history. Self-reported data were collected by mail, including current clinical problems of the children (13-symptom list), children’s QoL (Kidscreen-27 questionnaire), and parents’ QoL (Short-Form 36 questionnaire). Children’s QoL score was compared with controls and QoL of survivors of childhood leukemia. Parent’s QoL was compared with controls. Non-parametric statistics were employed. Results Forty-two families agreed to participate and questionnaires were completed by 32 of them. Twenty-one children had a current clinical problems related to CDH. All the QoL scores of CHD survivors were significantly lower compared with controls. The physical well-being dimension was significantly higher for CHD survivors compared with survivors of childhood leukemia. Gastro-esophageal reflux at discharge, antenatal diagnosis, length of stay in the PICU, and neuropsychological and respiratory issues significantly impacted QoL scores of children. The parents of CHD survivors had significantly poorer score in emotional role dimension compared with controls. Conclusion The impact of CDH on QoL seems to be important and must be understood by clinicians who treat these children and their parents. PMID:23786966

  12. Neurotrophins expression is decreased in lungs of human infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

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    O'Hanlon LD

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Lynn D O'Hanlon, Sherry M Mabry, Ikechukwu I EkekezieChildren's Mercy Hospitals/University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Kansas City, MO, USAObjectives: To evaluate neurotrophin (NT (nerve growth factor [NGF], NT-3, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF] expression in autopsy lung tissues of human congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH infants versus that of infants that expired with: 1 "normal" lungs (controls; 2 chronic lung disease (CLD; and 3 pulmonary hypertension (PPHN.Hypothesis: NT expression will be significantly altered in CDH lung tissue compared with normal lung tissue and other neonatal lung diseases.Study design: Immunohistochemical studies for NT proteins NGF, BDNF, and NT-3 were applied to human autopsy neonatal lung tissue samples.Subject selection: The samples included a control group of 18 samples ranging from 23-week gestational age to term, a CDH group of 15 samples, a PPHN group of six samples, and a CLD group of 12 samples.Methodology: The tissue samples were studied, and four representative slide fields of alveoli/saccules and four of bronchioles were recorded from each sample. These slide fields were then graded (from 0 to 3 by three blinded observers for intensity of staining.Results: BDNF, NGF, and NT-3 immunostaining intensity scores were significantly decreased in the CDH lung tissue (n=15 compared with normal neonatal lung tissue (n=18 (P<0.001. The other neonatal pulmonary diseases that were studied, CLD and PPHN, were much less likely to be affected and were much more variable in their neurotrophin expression.Conclusion: NT expression is decreased in CDH lungs. The decreased expression of NT in CDH lung tissue may suggest they contribute to the abnormality in this condition.Keywords: nerve growth factor, NGF, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, BDNF, neurotrophin-3, NT-3, chronic lung disease, persistent pulmonary hypertension, lung

  13. De novo copy number variants are associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Lan; Wynn, Julia; Ma, Lijiang; Guha, Saurav; Mychaliska, George B.; Crombleholme, Timothy M.; Azarow, Kenneth S.; Lim, Foong Yen; Chung, Dai H.; Potoka, Douglas; Warner, Brad W.; Bucher, Brian; LeDuc, Charles A.; Costa, Katherine; Stolar, Charles; Aspelund, Gudrun; Arkovitz, Marc; Chung, Wendy K.

    2013-01-01

    Background Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a common birth defect with significant morbidity and mortality. Although the etiology of CDH remains poorly understood, studies from animal models and patients with CDH suggest that genetic factors play an important role in the development of CDH. Chromosomal anomalies have been reported in CDH. Methods In this study, the authors investigate the frequency of chromosomal anomalies and copy number variants in 256 parent-child trios of CDH using clinical conventional cytogenetic and microarray analysis. The authors also selected a set of CDH related training genes to prioritize the genes in those segmental aneuploidies and identified the genes and gene sets that may contribute to the etiology of CDH. Results The authors identified chromosomal anomalies in 16 patients (6.3 %) of the series including 3 aneuploidies, 2 unbalanced translocation, and 11 patients with de novo CNVs ranging in size from 95 kb to 104.6 Mb. The authors prioritized the genes in the CNV segments and identified KCNA2, LMNA, CACNA1S, MYOG, HLX, LBR, AGT, GATA4, SOX7, HYLS1, FOXC1, FOXF2, PDGFA, FGF6, COL4A1, COL4A2, HOMER2, BNC1, BID, and TBX1 as genes that may be involved in diaphragm development. Gene enrichment analysis identified the most relevant gene ontology (GO) categories as those involved in tissue development (p=4.4×10−11) or regulation of multicellular organismal processes (p=2.8×10−10) and “receptor binding” (p = 8.7×10−14) and “DNA binding transcription factor activity” (p= 4.4×10−10). Conclusions Our findings support the role of chromosomal anomalies in CDH and provide a set of candidate genes including FOXC1, FOXF2, PDGFA, FGF6, COL4A1, COL4A2, SOX7,BNC1, BID, and TBX1 for further analysis in CDH. PMID:23054247

  14. Downregulated Elastin Microfibril Interfacer 1 Expression in the Pulmonary Vasculature of Experimental Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, Julia; Takahashi, Toshiaki; Hofmann, Alejandro D; Puri, Prem

    2018-02-01

     Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a severe complication of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) signaling is suggested to be involved in PH development by regulating embryonic angiogenesis, cell proliferation, and cell differentiation. Altered TGFβ signaling has been demonstrated in experimental CDH lungs. Elastin microfibril interfacer 1 (Emilin-1) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein expressed in endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells and known to regulate TGFβ processing and arterial diameter. We designed this study to investigate the pulmonary vascular expression of Emilin-1 in nitrofen-induced CDH rats.  Following ethical approval (REC913b, REC1103), time-pregnant Sprague Dawley rats received nitrofen or vehicle on gestational day 9 (D9). Fetuses were sacrificed on D21 and divided into CDH group and control group. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction ( n  = 11 each group), Western blot analysis, and confocal microscopy were used to determine the gene and protein expression of Emilin-1.  Relative Emilin-1 messenger RNA (ribonucleic acid) levels were significantly downregulated in CDH lung tissue compared with controls (CDH: 0.043 ± 0.003; control: 0.067 ± 0.004; p  CDH lungs. Confocal microscopy demonstrated a markedly diminished expression of Emilin-1 in the CDH pulmonary vasculature compared with controls.  To our knowledge, this study demonstrates for the first time a decreased Emilin-1 gene and protein expression in the pulmonary vasculature of nitrofen-induced CDH. Emilin-1 deficiency through its interaction with TGFß may result in abnormal vascular remodeling resulting in PH in this model. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  15. Comparison between late-presenting and isolated neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernias

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    Christos Plataras

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Late-presenting posterolateral congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH are anatomically similar to isolated neonatal CDH but are diagnosed and treated after the first month of life. We aim to characterise the clinical manifestations and short-term postoperative course of this entity and compare it with isolated CDH of the neonatal period. Materials and Methods: In the 30-year period from 1980 to 2010, 116 children with CDH were treated at the Aghia Sophia Children′s Hospital, Athens, Greece. Twenty-three (19% of these children were late-presenting cases, being diagnosed between the ages of 1 month and 4 years. Ninety-three were neonatal cases, of whom 22 (24% were excluded due to severe associated anomalies, leaving 71 cases of isolated neonatal CDH. We compared these two groups of patients with regard to preoperative symptoms, postoperative hospital stay, time to complete feeding, overall complication rate, and reoperation rate. Results: Isolated neonatal cases presented more often with acute respiratory symptoms (n=25; P= 0.016 and failure to thrive (n= 38; P= 0.03. Late-presenting cases presented more often with chronic respiratory symptoms (n=14;P= 0.0044 or gastrointestinal symptoms (n=12; P= 0.006. Thirty-five cases with minor or serious complications were reported in the neonatal group, whereas only five complications were observed in the late-presenting group (P= 0.028. We did not record any recurrences or reoperations in the late-presenting group, but we had two recurrences and three reoperations in the neonatal group. Time to full feeds and postoperative hospital stay was shorter in the late-presenting group. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate differences between the two groups in preoperative symptoms and short-term postoperative complications and short-term outcome. Late-presenting cases of CDH had a greater number of chronic symptoms preoperatively, more favorable postoperative outcomes, and less recurrences and reoperations.

  16. Risk of Readmission for Wheezing during Infancy in Children with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

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    Gregoire Benoist

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is associated with a high incidence of respiratory problems, even after initial hospital discharge. These problems are likely to lead to re-hospitalization during infancy, although actual frequency of readmissions is unknown.We aimed to determine the rate of hospitalization for wheezing in infants with CDH between the time of initial discharge and 24 months of age, and to identify factors associated with readmission.Data about infants with CDH born in three French reference tertiary centers between January 2009 and March 2013 who were alive at hospital discharge, were extracted from a prospective national database.Ninety-two children were identified, and 86 were included in the analysis. In total, 116 wheezing episodes requiring a doctor's visit occurred in 50 infants (58% before 24 months of age. Twenty-two children (26% were readmitted at least once for wheezing exacerbations. RSV was present in 6 of 15 (40% of children with available nasal samples at first readmission, and 1 of 5 (20% at second readmission. Thoracic herniation of the liver, low gestational age, longer initial hospitalization, need for oxygen therapy at home, and eczema were all significantly associated with readmission for wheezing exacerbations. Fifty-three infants (62% received palivizumab prophylaxis, but there was no association with the overall rate of readmission for wheezing exacerbations or RSV-related hospitalization.The rate of readmission for wheezing among infants with CDH is high, and significantly influenced by several prenatal and neonatal factors. Palivizumab prophylaxis was not associated with the rate of readmission.

  17. The Surgical Correction of Congenital Deformities: The Treatment of Diaphragmatic Hernia, Esophageal Atresia and Small Bowel Atresia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessel, Lucas M; Fuchs, Jörg; Rolle, Udo

    2015-05-15

    More than half of all congenital deformities can be detected in utero. The initial surgical correction is of paramount importance for the achievement of good long-term results with low surgical morbidity and mortality. Selective literature review and expert opinion. Congenital deformities are rare, and no controlled trials have been performed to determine their optimal treatment. In this article, we present the prenatal assessment, treatment, and long-term results of selected types of congenital deformity. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) affects one in 3500 live-born infants, while esophageal atresia affects one in 3000 and small-bowel atresia one in 5000 to 10,000. If a congenital deformity is detected and its prognosis can be reliably inferred from a prenatal assessment, the child should be delivered at a specialized center (level 1 perinatal center). The associated survival rates are 60-80% after treatment for CDH and well over 90% after treatment for esophageal or small-bowel atresia. Despite improvements in surgical correction over the years, complications and comorbidities still affect 20-40% of the treated children. These are not limited to surgical complications in the narrow sense, such as recurrence, postoperative adhesions and obstruction, stenoses, strictures, and recurrent fistulae, but also include pulmonary problems (chronic lung disease, obstructive and restrictive pulmonary dysfunction), gastrointestinal problems (dysphagia, gastro-esophageal reflux, impaired intestinal motility), and failure to thrive. Moreover, the affected children can develop emotional and behavioral disturbances. Minimally invasive surgery in experienced hands yields results as good as those of conventional surgery, as long as proper selection criteria are observed. Congenital deformities should be treated in recognized centers with highly experienced interdisciplinary teams. As no randomized trials of surgery for congenital deformities are available, longitudinal

  18. Health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bojanić, Katarina; Grizelj, Ruža; Vuković, Jurica; Omerza, Lana; Grubić, Marina; Ćaleta, Tomislav; Weingarten, Toby N; Schroeder, Darrell R; Sprung, Juraj

    2018-03-14

    Patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have a high residual morbidity rate. We compared self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between patients with CDH and healthy children. Forty-five patients with CDH who were born from January 1, 1990, through February 15, 2015, were matched to healthy, age-matched control participants at a 1:2 ratio. The health records of the study participants were reviewed to determine comorbid conditions, and HRQoL was assessed by both the participants and their parents with the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL). The HRQoL scores of the patients with CDH and the control participants were compared by using analysis of variance to adjust for age group and sex. Among patients with CDH, analysis of variance was used to compare HRQoL scores across groups defined according to their characteristics at initial hospitalization, postdischarge events, and comorbid conditions. Compared with control participants, patients with CDH had lower mean PedsQL scores, as reported by the parent and child, for the physical and psychosocial domains (P CDH, low HRQoL was associated with chronic respiratory issues. Patients with CDH had lower HRQoL compared with healthy participants. Parent-reported HRQoL tended to be higher than child-reported HRQoL. Results were also inconsistent for the risk factors associated with HRQoL obtained by using child- and parent-reported scores. Therefore, when interpreting HRQoL in CDH survivors, a proxy report should not be considered a substitute for a child's self-report.

  19. Fetal Outcomes of Prenatally Diagnosed Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Nine Years of Clinical Experience in a Canadian Tertiary Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Tracey; Chan, Stephanie; Kieffer, Stephanie; Delisle, Marie-France

    2016-01-01

    To summarize the clinical outcome of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) identified on prenatal ultrasound. We reviewed prenatally detected cases of CDH diagnosed between July 2000 and September 2009 at a single tertiary-care facility. Ninety-one cases were identified. Sixty-nine cases had complete medical records including karyotype. Of these, 40 were isolated defects and 29 cases had additional congenital or chromosome anomalies. An abnormal karyotype was present in 17.4% overall, affecting 2.5% of cases of isolated CDH (1/40) and 37.9% of cases of non-isolated CDH (11/29). The rate of termination of pregnancy in cases of isolated CDH diagnosed prior to 24 weeks was 33.3% (10/30), and in cases of non-isolated CDH it was 73.9% (17/23). The survival rate of the 44 liveborn infants was 66.7% (24/36) for those with isolated CDH and 37.5% (3/8) for those with non-isolated CDH. The decision to terminate the pregnancy was made in 73.9% of fetuses with prenatally diagnosed karyotype or additional anatomical abnormalities, in contrast to 37.5% of prenatally diagnosed isolated CDH. The outcomes of pregnancies that continue after identification of CDH are in keeping with previous reports, with an overall survival rate of 61.4%. The presence of additional anatomical anomalies was the only predictor of mortality among liveborn infants. Copyright © 2016 Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Resolution of persistent pneumothorax by use of blood pleurodesis in a dog after surgical correction of a diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merbl, Yael; Kelmer, Efrat; Shipov, Anna; Golani, Yael; Segev, Gilad; Yudelevitch, Sigal; Klainbart, Sigal

    2010-08-01

    A 15-kg (33-lb) pregnant female mixed-breed dog of unknown age was referred because of a 10-day history of difficulty breathing. Physical examination findings were dyspnea, tachypnea, decreased bronchovesicular sounds (bilateral), muffled heart sounds, and abdominal distention with palpable fetuses. Hematologic abnormalities included anemia, leukocytosis, and thrombocytosis. Abnormalities detected during serum biochemical analysis included decreases in concentrations of albumin, sodium, triglycerides, and total calcium and increases in activities of alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyltransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and creatine kinase. Thoracic radiography revealed a diaphragmatic hernia with fetuses and a soft tissue or fluid opacity within the thoracic cavity. Exploratory celiotomy, ovariohysterectomy, partial sternotomy, placement of a right-sided thoracostomy tube, and herniorrhaphy were performed. After surgery, pneumothorax developed, and the thoracostomy tube was used to remove pleural effusion and free air. The pneumothorax did not resolve after continuous drainage of the thoracic cavity for 4 days. Autologous blood pleurodesis was performed by infusion of 80 mL (6 mL/kg [2.73 mL/lb]) of whole blood. The pneumothorax resolved immediately after injection of the blood. Blood pleurodesis was used for resolution of pneumothorax in a dog after correction of a diaphragmatic hernia. Blood pleurodesis may provide a simple, safe, and inexpensive medical treatment for resolution of persistent (duration>5 days) pneumothorax when surgery is not an option.

  1. Targeted array comparative genomic hybridisation (array CGH) identifies genomic imbalances associated with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srisupundit, Kasemsri; Brady, Paul D; Devriendt, Koenraad; Fryns, Jean-Pierre; Cruz-Martinez, Rogelio; Gratacos, Eduard; Deprest, Jan A; Vermeesch, Joris R

    2010-12-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenital birth defect affecting around 1/3000 births. We propose that a significant number of isolated CDH cases have an underlying genetic cause, and that a subset of these result from copy number variations (CNVs) identifiable by array CGH. We have designed a custom array targeted at genes and genomic loci associated with CDH. A total of 79 isolated CDH patients were screened using this targeted array. In three patients, we detected genomic imbalances associated with the observed diaphragmatic hernia; a deletion of 8p22-p23.3, 14.2 Mb in size, a 340 kb duplication of Xq13.1 including the ephrin-B1 gene (EFNB1), and mosaicism for trisomy 2. Using this approach, we detected genomic imbalances associated with CDH in 3/79 (4%) isolated CDH patients. Our findings further implicate 8p deletions as being associated with CDH. The duplication of EFNB1 further highlights this gene as a potential candidate involved in diaphragm development. Mosaicism for trisomy 2 is a rare event and unlikely to be a common cause of CDH. Further investigations of isolated CDH patients by array CGH will continue to identify novel submicroscopic loci and refine genomic regions associated with CDH. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  2. [First case report in Mexico of a diaphragmatic hernia, by Agustín Arellano in 1839].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de León, Fernando Chico-Ponce; Nieto-Zermeño, Jaime

    2007-01-01

    Reports on partial lacking of the diaphragm and diaphragmatic hernia date to seventeenth century reports. In 1939 Arellano published in Mexico, a necropsy case of diaphragmatic hernia with holoprosencephaly and cyclocephaly. Agustín Arellano's was the the fifth or sixth report ever published worldwide and his manuscript was reported nine years before Bochdalek's publication. Before 1839, in the Americas, there is no other existing report describing this type of pathology, and we can safely assume Arellano's work was the first of its kind in the Western hemisphere. It is well known that, at the time, the quality ofscientific publications of this Mexican medical researcher could be compared to the level of any medical publication in the developed world. It is worth noting that the Journal were Arellano's work was published, named "Periodico de la Academia de Médicina de Mégico (sic), "founded and directed by Dr. Manuel Carpio in 1836, is the direct precursor of the present-day "Gaceta Médica de México" the oldest current medical journal in the Americas.

  3. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and chromosome 15q26: Determination of a candidate region by use of fluorescent in situ hybridization and array-based comparative genomic hybridization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Klaassens (Merel); M.F. van Dooren (Marieke); H.J.F.M.M. Eussen (Bert); H. Douben (Hannie); A. Dekker (Anita); C. Lee (Charles); P.K. Donahoe; R-J.H. Galjaard (Robert-Jan); N.N.T. Goemaere (Natascha); R.R. de Krijger (Ronald); C.H. Wouters (Cokkie); J. Wauters (Jan); B.A. Oostra (Ben); D. Tibboel (Dick); J.E.M.M. de Klein (Annelies)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractCongenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has an incidence of 1 in 3,000 births and a high mortality rate (33%-58%). Multifactorial inheritance, teratogenic agents, and genetic abnormalities have all been suggested as possible etiologic factors. To define candidate regions for CDH, we

  4. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and chromosome 15q26: determination of a candidate region by use of fluorescent in situ hybridization and array-based comparative genomic hybridization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Klaassens (Merel); C. Wouters (Cokkie); M.F. van Dooren (Marieke); H.J.F.M.M. Eussen (Bert); H. Douben (Hannie); J.E.M.M. de Klein (Annelies); A.T. den Dekker (Alexander); C. Lee; P.K. Donahoe; D. Tibboel (Dick); R-J.H. Galjaard (Robert-Jan); N.N.T. Goemaere (Natascha); B.A. Oostra (Ben); R.R. de Krijger (Ronald); J. Wauters (Jan)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractCongenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has an incidence of 1 in 3,000 births and a high mortality rate (33%-58%). Multifactorial inheritance, teratogenic agents, and genetic abnormalities have all been suggested as possible etiologic factors. To define candidate

  5. Hérnia Diafragmática Congênita: Relato de Caso/ Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Case Report

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    Lucas Tavares dos Santos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A hérnia diafragmática congênita é a falha do fechamento embrionário do músculo diafragmático, resultando em um defeito de continuidade. Esta patologia pode ocorrer pela passagem de estruturas do abdome através de um defeito no diafragma, ou haver herniação parcial do estômago através do hiato esofágico, paralisia frênica com deslocamento do conteúdo abdominal para cima, mas sem herniação, e, eventração do diafragma. Casuística: Foi relatado um caso de hérnia diafragmática congênita, hérnia de Bochdalek, em um recém – nascido do sexo feminino, que nos ultra-sonografias da gestante apresentavam sem alterações. O diagnóstico da patologia foi feito apenas após a realização de raios-X de tórax e abdome para confirmar a posição do cateterismo umbilical venoso. Discussão/Conclusão: A apresentação clínica da hérnia de diafragmática congênita inclui desconforto respiratório moderado a grave com repercussão sistêmica. O diagnóstico, em cerca de 80% dos casos, é feito por ultrassom pré-natal. O tratamento proposto foi intubação endotraqueal com ventilação mecânica e programação para correção cirúrgica da hérnia. Após correção cirúrgica da patologia, a paciente permaneceu na unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal por 21 dias para acompanhamento de pós – operatório e intercorrências na evolução. Introduction: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is the failure of embryonic closure of the diaphragm, resulting in a lack of continuity. This condition can occur by passing structures of the abdomen through a defect in the diaphragm, or be part herniation of the stomach through the esophageal hiatus, phrenic paralysis with displacement of abdominal contents up but no herniation, and eventration of the diaphragm. Case Report: We report a case congenital diaphragmatic hernia, such as Bochdalek hernia, in a new - born female that in ultrasounds of pregnant women showed without change

  6. Hernia diafragmática paraesternal de Morgagni-Larrey en adulto Morgagni-Larrey parasternal diaphragmatic hernia in the adult

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    L. A. Arráez-Aybar

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Con una prevalencia de 0,3-0,5/1.000 nacimientos, la hernia diafragmática congénita (HDC sigue siendo una anomalía grave, no bien entendida, alta mortalidad y tratamiento no siempre efectivo. En España se ha informado de una frecuencia del 0,69%oo con una tendencia decreciente en el periodo 1980-2006 del 0,10%oo por año. No obstante, hasta un 5% se diagnostican en adultos durante la realización de un reconocimiento por otra causa. Presentamos un cuadro de vómitos de tres meses de evolución en una mujer de 74 años por hernia diafragmática paraesternal de Morgagni-Larrey (retrocondroesternal, retrocostoxifoidea, retroesternal, subcostal, subesternal o subcostoesternal, que nos ha permitido realizar una actualización de esta patología en adultos y de la morfogénesis del diafragma toracoabdominal. Es en la embriología del diafragma donde encontramos explicación de algunas de sus alteraciones morfológicas y características clínicas, si bien persisten aspectos confusos de la misma. También analizamos el grado de controversia que persiste en algunos aspectos de su tratamiento quirúrgico (vías de acceso, uso o no de mallas y reducción o no del saco herniario. Por lo general priman las técnicas mínimamente invasivas. Consideramos el abordaje laparoscópico como de elección en pacientes adultos con hernia paraesternal candidatos a la cirugía.With a prevalence of 0.3-0.5/1000 births, congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH remains a serious, poorly understood abnormality with a high mortality rate that cannot always be effectively managed. Its reported frequency in Spain is 0.69%oo with a yearly decreasing trend of 0.10%oo during the period 1980-2006. Up to 5% of cases are incidentally identified in adults undergoing studies for other reasons. We report the case of a 74-year-old woman with vomiting for three months due to parasternal diaphragmatic hernia of Morgagni-Larrey (retrochondrosternal, retrocostoxyphoid, retrosternal

  7. Findings from aCGH in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH): a possible locus for Fryns syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kantarci, S; Casavant, D; Prada, C; Russell, M; Byrne, J; Haug, L Wilkins; Jennings, R; Manning, S; Boyd, T K; Fryns, J P; Holmes, L B; Donahoe, P K; Lee, C; Kimonis, V; Pober, B R

    2006-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a common and often devastating birth defect that can occur in isolation or as part of a malformation complex. Considerable progress is being made in the identification of genetic causes of CDH. We applied array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) of approximately 1Mb resolution to 29 CDH patients with prior normal karyotypes who had been recruited into our multi-site study. One patient, clinically diagnosed with Fryns syndrome, demonstrated a de novo 5Mb deletion at chromosome region 1q41-q42.12 that was confirmed by FISH. Given prior reports of CDH in association with cytogenetic abnormalities in this region, we propose that this represents a locus for Fryns syndrome, a Fryns syndrome phenocopy, or CDH. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  8. The CDH Study Group and advances in the clinical care of the patient with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Nora M; Lally, Kevin P

    2004-06-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) occurs in 1 of every 2000 to 4000 births and accounts for 8% of all major congenital anomalies. Recurrence risk for a subsequent pregnancy is estimated at 2%. The mortality rate for CDH when diagnosed antenatally, varies with fetal age and with the presence or absence of hydramnios and degree of pulmonary hypoplasia. The prognosis has improved dramatically in recent years, primarily due to advances in neonatal and surgical interventions. Neonatal survival rates with an antenatal diagnosis now exceed 80% in some centers. Treatment for infants with CDH reflects other pediatric surgical problems in that a majority of the clinical research that shapes treatment is retrospective in nature. Because CDH is a relatively rare disease, using a compilation of cases, such as the CDH database provides, greatly aids our understanding of this disease process. Moreover, the application of a quality assessment scale provides the practitioner with a knowledge base to critically evaluate the published retrospective data.

  9. Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Cannula Malposition in the Azygos Vein in a Neonate with Right-Sided Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

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    Seung Jun Choi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Malposition of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO venous cannula in the azygos vein is not frequently reported. We hereby present such a case, which occurred in a neonate with right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Despite ECMO application, neither adequate flow nor sufficient oxygenation was achieved. On the cross-table lateral chest radiograph, the cannula tip was identified posterior to the heart silhouette, which implied malposition of the cannula in the azygos vein. After repositioning the cannula, the target flow and oxygenation were successfully achieved. When sufficient venous flow is not achieved, as in our case, clinicians should be alerted so they can identify the cannula tip location on lateral chest radiograph and confirm whether malposition in the azygos vein is the cause of the ineffective ECMO.

  10. Challenges in the management of early versus late presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia in a poor resource setting

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    Abubakar Auwal

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Despite the advances in management, congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH has continued to pose a significant challenge to paediatric surgeons. This is amplified in a setting like ours where there is a dearth of facilities to cope with the problem of CDH. This study was undertaken to highlight the peculiarities of the management of CDH in a poor resource setting. Methods: All confirmed cases of CDH were prospectively documented from 2003 till date. Results: Seven children were treated from 2003 till date. The diaphragmatic defect was on the left side in six (83.8% and on the right side in one (17.7%. All the patients had primary closure of the defect without patch via an abdominal approach. The three patients presenting at birth died while the remaining four patients survived. Conclusion: With inadequate neonatal intensive care facilities, the severe early presenting CDH has a dismal prognosis. In contrast, the late presenting CDH poses more diagnostic challenges; but once identified and appropriate treatment instituted, it has an excellent prognosis. We recommend that physicians should include CDH in the differential diagnosis of patients with birth asphyxia and in patients with chronic respiratory symptoms with failure to thrive.

  11. [A case of strangulated congenital diaphragmatic hernia with necrosis and rupture of the colon and herniation into a left hemithorax in an adult (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarris, M; Georgoulis, J; Gatos, M; Dariotis, A

    This is a case report of a successful repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in a 48 years old male that contained the transverse colon which was strangulated and ruptured in the left thoracic cavity. It was approached in two stages. First through a laparotomy the proximal part of the transverse colon was divided. The side going to the hernial sac was sutured and the proximal stump was anastomosed to the descending colon. In a second stage, two days later, through a felt thoracotomy the strangulated and ruptured colon was resected and the distal stump of the transverse colon was sutured and the hernia repaired.

  12. Unusual delayed presentation of diaphragmatic hernia complicated by transverse colon and total small-bowel obstruction after postoperative chemotherapy of esophageal cancer

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    Sun Y

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Yanlai Sun,1,2,* Lei Yin,2,* Hongfan Xue,2 Haipeng Wang,2 Zengjun Li,2 Jinming Yu3 1Post-doctoral Research Station, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, 2Department of Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgery, 3Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, People’s Republic of China *These authors equally contributed to this work Abstract: Diaphragmatic hernia (DH is defined as the passage of abdominal contents into the chest cavity through a defect in the diaphragm. DH occurs after chest or abdominal surgery, and is very rare and sporadically reported in the literature. However, the complications are significant and put the patient at great risk. The aim of the present report was to describe a special case with postesophagectomy diaphragmatic hernia (PDH because of its appearance during chemotherapy and confusion of the symptoms with the side effects of chemotherapy. A high index of suspicion needs to be maintained in clinical practice. Keywords: diaphragmatic hernia, postoperative chemotherapy, esophageal cancer, complications

  13. Hiatal hernias: a review of the pathophysiologic theories and implication for research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, C; Davis, C S; Shankaran, V; Fisichella, P M

    2011-10-01

    The pathophysiology of hiatal hernias is incompletely understood. This study systematically reviewed the literature of hiatal hernias to provide an evidence-based explanation of the pathogenetic theories and to identify any risk factors at the molecular and cellular levels. A systematic search of the Medline and Pubmed databases on the pathophysiology of hiatal hernias was performed to identify English-language citations from the database inception to December 2010. Although few studies have examined the relationship of molecular and cellular changes of the diaphragm to the pathogenesis of hiatal hernias, there appear to be three dominant pathogenic theories: (1) increased intraabdominal pressure forces the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) into the thorax; (2) esophageal shortening due to fibrosis or excessive vagal nerve stimulation displaces the GEJ into the thorax; and (3) GEJ migrates into the chest secondary to a widening of the diaphragmatic hiatus in response to congenital or acquired molecular and cellular changes, such as the abnormalities of collagen type 3 alpha 1. The pathogenesis of hiatal hernias at the molecular and cellular levels is poorly described. To date, no single theory has proved to be the definitive explanation for hiatal hernia formation, and its pathogenesis appears to be multifactorial.

  14. Fetal stomach and gallbladder in contact with the bladder wall is a common ultrasound sign of stomach-down left congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Tara A; Basta, Amaya; Filly, Roy A

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to identify sonographic (US) findings that can assist in prenatal diagnosis of stomach-down left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), specifically related to positioning of the abdominal contents including the stomach, bladder, and gallbladder. All US examinations with a postnatally confirmed diagnosis of stomach-down left CDH over a 13-year period were retrospectively reviewed for abnormal position of the abdominal contents, including whether the fetal stomach was in contact with the urinary bladder. Normal fetuses that underwent comprehensive US surveys were similarly evaluated for comparison in a 2:1 ratio. Twenty-two fetuses with stomach-down left CDH were identified in a cohort of 278 fetuses with left CDH. In 15/22 (68.2%) cases of stomach-down left CDH, the bladder and stomach walls were in contact. Contact of the fetal gallbladder with the fetal bladder wall was also observed and was present even more commonly (17/22 cases [77.3%]). There was no case of either the stomach or gallbladder in contact with the bladder wall in the normal fetal cohort (n = 44). Recognition of the fetal stomach and/or gallbladder in contact with the bladder wall can help in the detection of stomach-down left CDH. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound 45:8-13, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Are all pulmonary hypoplasias the same? A comparison of pulmonary outcomes in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, omphalocele and congenital lung malformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akinkuotu, Adesola C; Sheikh, Fariha; Cass, Darrell L; Zamora, Irving J; Lee, Timothy C; Cassady, Christopher I; Mehollin-Ray, Amy R; Williams, Jennifer L; Ruano, Rodrigo; Welty, Stephen E; Olutoye, Oluyinka O

    2015-01-01

    Patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH), omphaloceles, and congenital lung malformations (CLM) may have pulmonary hypoplasia and experience respiratory insufficiency. We hypothesize that given equivalent lung volumes, the degree of respiratory insufficiency will be comparable regardless of the etiology. Records of all fetuses with CDH, omphalocele, and CLM between January 2000 and June 2013 were reviewed. MRI-based observed-to-expected total fetal lung volumes (O/E-TFLV) were calculated. An analysis of outcomes in patients with O/E-TFLV between 40% and 60%, the most inclusive range, was performed. 285 patients were evaluated (161, CDH; 24, omphalocele; 100, CLM). Fetuses with CDH had the smallest mean O/E-TFLV. CDH patients were intubated for longer and had a higher incidence of pulmonary hypertension. Fifty-six patients with the three diagnoses had an O/E-TFLV of 40%-60%. The need for ECMO, supplemental oxygen at 30days of life, and 6-month mortality were similar among groups. CDH patients had a significantly longer duration of intubation and higher incidence of pulmonary hypertension than the other two diagnoses. Given equivalent lung volumes (40%-60% of expected), CDH patients require more pulmonary support initially than omphalocele and CLM patients. In addition to lung volumes, disease-specific factors, such as pulmonary hypertension in CDH, also contribute to pulmonary morbidity and overall outcome. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Ultrasound, Echocardiography, MRI, and Genetic Analysis of a Fetus with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia and Partial 11q Trisomy

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    Yolanda Fernández-Perea

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is a serious birth defect with a significant mortality and morbidity. The current and constant progress in ultrasound techniques has led to the improvement of the prenatal diagnosis of this malformation. CDH is a developmental defect whose etiology is heterogeneous and takes place when the pleuroperitoneal folds and septum transversum fail to converge and fuse. Survival depends on the extent of pulmonary hypoplasia and the disease may be potentially worsened by the presence of added congenital defects. 40% of CDH cases are associated with at least one additional anomaly. The ultrasound diagnosis is established with essential signs: loss of uniform echogenicity of lungs and marked mediastinal shift. We report the case of a fetus with isolated CDH diagnosed at 21 weeks of gestation by ultrasound and confirmed by RMI, whose genetic analysis of amniotic fluid cells identified a de novo partial trisomy of the long arm of chromosome 11. Different genetic causes have been associated with CDH. Moreover, it is expectable that the use of new techniques for prenatal diagnosis will reveal novel CNVs associated with CDH and will help us to estimate the recurrence risk for this defect as well as for other associated anomalies.

  17. Phospholipid profile of amniotic fluid in ovine model of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH): the effect of fetal tracheal occlusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mimmi, Maria Chiara; Ballico, Maurizio; Amoroso, Francesco; Calcaterra, Valeria; Marotta, Mario; Peiro, Jose Luis; Pelizzo, Gloria

    2015-03-06

    Fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion has been proposed as a prenatal intervention to ameliorate congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) prognosis. Tracheal occlusion (TO) prevents pulmonary fluid egress, leading to tissue expansion, reversal of lung hypoplasia, and potential maturation. Fetal lung maturity strongly correlates with amniotic fluid (AF) phospholipidic composition. In this preliminary study, we characterized the AF phospholipidic profile in CDH-induced, TO-treated, and healthy fetal lambs to define the prenatal treatment benefits of TO on lung maturity. CDH induction was performed at 70 days of gestation, TO was carried out at 102 days of gestation, and caesarean section was carried out at 136 days of gestation. AF samples, taken at 102-136 days of gestation, were evaluated using mass spectrometry. The analysis focused on phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and sphingomyelins (SMs). The most abundant phosphatidylcholine species retrieved in healthy AF was POPC [PC(18:1/16:0)], while the level of DPPC [PC(16:0/16:0)] was extremely low at both gestational ages. CDH induction caused a decrease in POPC and many other PCs. A substantial return of some PCs, in particular POPC, PC(34:2) and PC(18:0/16:0), to a more physiological level was prompted by TO. SMs were unaltered. The AF phospholipidic profile could provide prenatal prognostic markers of CDH and possible indices of lung maturation after fetal treatment.

  18. Standardized Postnatal Management of Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in Europe: The CDH EURO Consortium Consensus - 2015 Update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snoek, Kitty G; Reiss, Irwin K M; Greenough, Anne; Capolupo, Irma; Urlesberger, Berndt; Wessel, Lucas; Storme, Laurent; Deprest, Jan; Schaible, Thomas; van Heijst, Arno; Tibboel, Dick

    2016-01-01

    In 2010, the congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) EURO Consortium published a standardized neonatal treatment protocol. Five years later, the number of participating centers has been raised from 13 to 22. In this article the relevant literature is updated, and consensus has been reached between the members of the CDH EURO Consortium. Key updated recommendations are: (1) planned delivery after a gestational age of 39 weeks in a high-volume tertiary center; (2) neuromuscular blocking agents to be avoided during initial treatment in the delivery room; (3) adapt treatment to reach a preductal saturation of between 80 and 95% and postductal saturation >70%; (4) target PaCO2 to be between 50 and 70 mm Hg; (5) conventional mechanical ventilation to be the optimal initial ventilation strategy, and (6) intravenous sildenafil to be considered in CDH patients with severe pulmonary hypertension. This article represents the current opinion of all consortium members in Europe for the optimal neonatal treatment of CDH. © 2016 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.

  19. Nutritional outcomes in survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)-factors associated with growth at one year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bairdain, Sigrid; Khan, Faraz A; Fisher, Jeremy; Zurakowski, David; Ariagno, Katelyn; Cauley, Ryan P; Zalieckas, Jill; Wilson, Jay M; Jaksic, Tom; Mehta, Nilesh M

    2015-01-01

    Malnutrition is prevalent among congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors. We aimed to describe the nutritional status and factors that impact growth over the 12-months following discharge from the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in this cohort. CDH survivors, who were discharged from the PICU from 2000 to 2010 with follow-up of at least 12months, were included. Nutritional intake, anthropometric, and clinical variables were recorded. Multivariable linear regression was used to determine factors associated with weight-for-age Z-scores (WAZ) at 12months. Data from 110 infants, 67% male, 50% patch repair, were analyzed. Median (IQR) WAZ for the cohort was -1.4 (-2.4 to -0.3) at PICU discharge and -0.4 (-1.3 to 0.2) at 12-months. The percentage of infants with significant malnutrition (WAZCDH survivors had a significantly improved nutritional status in the 12-months after PICU discharge. Patch repair, lower BW, and inadequate protein intake were significant predictors of lower WAZ at 12-months. A minimum protein intake in the PICU of 2.3g/kg/day was essential to ensure optimal growth in this cohort. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Pulmonary artery endothelial cell dysfunction and decreased populations of highly proliferative endothelial cells in experimental congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seedorf, Gregory J.; Abman, Steven H.; Nozik-Grayck, Eva; Partrick, David A.; Gien, Jason

    2013-01-01

    Decreased lung vascular growth and pulmonary hypertension contribute to poor outcomes in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Mechanisms that impair angiogenesis in CDH are poorly understood. We hypothesize that decreased vessel growth in CDH is caused by pulmonary artery endothelial cell (PAEC) dysfunction with loss of a highly proliferative population of PAECs (HP-PAEC). PAECs were harvested from near-term fetal sheep that underwent surgical disruption of the diaphragm at 60–70 days gestational age. Highly proliferative potential was measured via single cell assay. PAEC function was assessed by assays of growth and tube formation and response to known proangiogenic stimuli, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and nitric oxide (NO). Western blot analysis was used to measure content of angiogenic proteins, and superoxide production was assessed. By single cell assay, the proportion of HP-PAEC with growth of >1,000 cells was markedly reduced in the CDH PAEC, from 29% (controls) to 1% (CDH) (P CDH PAEC growth and tube formation were decreased by 31% (P = 0.012) and 54% (P CDH PAEC growth and tube formation. VEGF and VEGF-R2 proteins were increased in CDH PAEC; however, eNOS and extracellular superoxide dismutase proteins were decreased by 29 and 88%, respectively. We conclude that surgically induced CDH in fetal sheep causes endothelial dysfunction and marked reduction of the HP-PAEC population. We speculate that this CDH PAEC phenotype contributes to impaired vascular growth in CDH. PMID:24124189

  1. Copy number detection in discordant monozygotic twins of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) and Esophageal Atresia (EA) cohorts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veenma, Danielle; Brosens, Erwin; de Jong, Elisabeth; van de Ven, Cees; Meeussen, Connie; Cohen-Overbeek, Titia; Boter, Marjan; Eussen, Hubertus; Douben, Hannie; Tibboel, Dick; de Klein, Annelies

    2012-03-01

    The occurrence of phenotypic differences between monozygotic (MZ) twins is commonly attributed to environmental factors, assuming that MZ twins have a complete identical genetic make-up. Yet, recently several lines of evidence showed that both genetic and epigenetic factors could have a role in phenotypic discordance after all. A high occurrence of copy number variation (CNV) differences was observed within MZ twin pairs discordant for Parkinson's disease, thereby stressing on the importance of post-zygotic mutations as disease-predisposing events. In this study, the prevalence of discrepant CNVs was analyzed in discordant MZ twins of the Esophageal Atresia (EA) and Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) cohort in the Netherlands. Blood-derived DNA from 11 pairs (7 EA and 4 CDH) was screened using high-resolution SNP arrays. Results showed an identical copy number profile in each twin pair. Mosaic chromosome gain or losses could not be detected either with a detection threshold of 20%. Some of the germ-line structural events demonstrated in five out of eleven twin pairs could function as a susceptible genetic background. For example, the 177-Kb loss of chromosome 10q26 in CDH pair-3 harbors the TCF7L2 gene (Tcf4 protein), which is implicated in the regulation of muscle fiber type development and maturation. In conclusion, discrepant CNVs are not a common cause of twin discordancy in these investigated congenital anomaly cohorts.

  2. Ascending aortic aneurysm and diaphragmatic hernia in a case of Marfan syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kothari, Jignesh; Hinduja, Manish; Baria, Kinnaresh; Pandya, Himani

    2017-06-01

    Marfan syndrome commonly affects the skeletal, ocular, and cardiovascular systems. Involvement of the gastrointestinal system is known but uncommon. Intervention depends upon the system involved and the severity of symptoms. Special awareness is required for the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal involvement in these patients. We report a rare case of simultaneous surgical repair of an ascending aortic aneurysm and a type IV hiatal hernia in a 35-year-old man with Marfan syndrome.

  3. Laparoscopia nas hérnias diafragmáticas: estudo experimental em cães Laparoscopic techniques in diaphragmatic hernias: experimental study in dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Afonso de Castro Beck

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A hérnia diafragmática traumática é a forma mais comum entre as hérnias diafragmáticas em cães e gatos e, por tratar-se de uma alteração anatômica, a terapêutica indicada é a sua correção cirúrgica. O presente estudo se propôs a avaliar a cirurgia videolaparoscópica no diagnóstico e tratamento dessa afecção em cães. Na primeira etapa do experimento, os animais foram submetidos à produção de um modelo de hérnia diafragmática. Após o período de uma semana, os cães foram submetidos à segunda etapa experimental por meio do acesso laparoscópico, tendo como finalidade o diagnóstico e a terapêutica cirúrgica. O acesso laparoscópico mostrou-se eficaz tanto na identificação das rupturas e dos deslocamentos como na correção cirúrgica de reposição visceral e rafia diafragmática nos oito cães do experimento.The most common type of diaphragmatic hernia in dogs and cats is the traumatic one. As an anatomic alteration, surgery is the elected treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate videolaparoscopic surgery in the diagnostic and treatment of diaphragmatic hernia in dogs. In the first phase of the study diaphragmatic hernias were performed in dogs. One week later the dogs were summited to a laparoscopic surgery to make diagnostic and surgical correction. Laparoscopic access showed to be efficient for identification of the defect and visceral displacement and for the surgical treatment.

  4. Lumbar hernia - a case report and review of the literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    D'Ippolito, Giuseppe; Yonamine, Claudia

    1999-01-01

    The authors present a case of lumbar hernia of inferior right space (Petit's triangle), classified as acquired hernia and diagnosed by clinical history and computed tomography. Lumbar hernia are quite rare. Authors have done a literature review of this disease. (author)

  5. Evaluation of Neonatal Lung Volume Growth by Pulmonary Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schopper, Melissa A; Walkup, Laura L; Tkach, Jean A; Higano, Nara S; Lim, Foong Yen; Haberman, Beth; Woods, Jason C; Kingma, Paul S

    2017-09-01

    To evaluate postnatal lung volume in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and determine if a compensatory increase in lung volume occurs during the postnatal period. Using a novel pulmonary magnetic resonance imaging method for imaging neonatal lungs, the postnatal lung volumes in infants with CDH were determined and compared with prenatal lung volumes obtained via late gestation magnetic resonance imaging. Infants with left-sided CDH (2 mild, 9 moderate, and 1 severe) were evaluated. The total lung volume increased in all infants, with the contralateral lung increasing faster than the ipsilateral lung (mean ± SD: 4.9 ± 3.0 mL/week vs 3.4 ± 2.1 mL/week, P = .005). In contrast to prenatal studies, the volume of lungs of infants with more severe CDH grew faster than the lungs of infants with more mild CDH (Spearman's ρ=-0.086, P = .01). Although the contralateral lung volume grew faster in both mild and moderate groups, the majority of total lung volume growth in moderate CDH came from increased volume of the ipsilateral lung (42% of total lung volume increase in the moderate group vs 32% of total lung volume increase in the mild group, P = .09). Analysis of multiple clinical variables suggests that increased weight gain was associated with increased compensatory ipsilateral lung volume growth (ρ = 0.57, P = .05). These results suggest a potential for postnatal catch-up growth in infants with pulmonary hypoplasia and suggest that weight gain may increase the volume growth of the more severely affected lung. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Prevention of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary vascular remodeling by antenatal simvastatin treatment in nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makanga, Martine; Maruyama, Hidekazu; Dewachter, Celine; Da Costa, Agnès Mendes; Hupkens, Emeline; de Medina, Geoffrey; Naeije, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has a high mortality rate mainly due to lung hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Simvastatin has been shown to prevent the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in experimental models of PH. We, therefore, hypothesized that antenatal simvastatin would attenuate PPHN in nitrofen-induced CDH in rats. The efficacy of antenatal simvastatin was compared with antenatal sildenafil, which has already been shown to improve pathological features of PPHN in nitrofen-induced CDH. On embryonic day (E) 9.5, nitrofen or vehicle was administered to pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats. On E11, nitrofen-treated rats were randomly assigned to antenatal simvastatin (20 mg·kg−1·day−1 orally), antenatal sildenafil (100 mg·kg−1·day−1 orally), or placebo administration from E11 to E21. On E21, fetuses were delivered by cesarean section, killed, and checked for left-sided CDH. Lung tissue was then harvested for further pathobiological evaluation. In nitrofen-induced CDH, simvastatin failed to reduce the incidence of nitrofen-induced CDH in the offspring and to increase the body weight, but improved the lung-to-body weight ratio and lung parenchyma structure. Antenatal simvastatin restored the pulmonary vessel density and external diameter, and reduced the pulmonary arteriolar remodeling compared with nitrofen-induced CDH. This was associated with decreased lung expression of endothelin precursor, endothelin type A and B receptors, endothelial and inducible nitric oxide synthase, together with restored lung activation of apoptotic processes mainly in the epithelium. Antenatal simvastatin presented similar effects as antenatal therapy with sildenafil on nitrofen-induced CDH. Antenatal simvastatin improves pathological features of lung hypoplasia and PPHN in experimental nitrofen-induced CDH. PMID:25617377

  7. Sports hernias: a systematic literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caudill, P; Nyland, J; Smith, C; Yerasimides, J; Lach, J

    2008-12-01

    This review summarises the existing knowledge about pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, conservative treatment, surgery and post-surgical rehabilitation of sports hernias. Sports hernias occur more often in men, usually during athletic activities that involve cutting, pivoting, kicking and sharp turns, such as those that occur during soccer, ice hockey or football. Sports hernias generally present an insidious onset, but with focused questioning a specific inciting incident may be identified. The likely causative factor is posterior inguinal wall weakening from excessive or high repetition shear forces applied through the pelvic attachments of poorly balanced hip adductor and abdominal muscle activation. There is currently no consensus as to what specifically constitutes this diagnosis. As it can be difficult to make a definitive diagnosis based on conventional physical examination, other methods, such as MRI and diagnostic ultrasonography are often used, primarily to exclude other conditions. Surgery seems to be more effective than conservative treatment, and laparoscopic techniques generally enable a quicker recovery time than open repair. However, in addition to better descriptions of surgical anatomy and procedures and conservative and post-surgical rehabilitation, well-designed research studies are needed, which include more detailed serial patient outcome measurements in addition to basing success solely on return to sports activity timing. Only with this information will we better understand sports hernia pathogenesis, verify superior surgical approaches, develop evidence-based screening and prevention strategies, and more effectively direct both conservative and post-surgical rehabilitation.

  8. Array comparative genomic hybridization in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: mapping of four CDH-critical regions and sequencing of candidate genes at 15q26.1-15q26.2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavotinek, Anne M; Moshrefi, Ali; Davis, Randy; Leeth, Elizabeth; Schaeffer, G Bradley; Burchard, González Esteban; Shaw, Gary M; James, Bristow; Ptacek, Louis; Pennacchio, Len A

    2006-09-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a common birth defect with a high mortality and morbidity. There have been few studies that have assessed copy number changes in CDH. We present array comparative genomic hybridization data for 29 CDH patients to identify and map chromosome aberrations in this disease. Three patients with 15q26.1-15q26.2 deletions had heterogeneous breakpoints that overlapped with the critical 4 Mb region previously delineated for CDH, confirming 15q26.1-15q26.2 as a critical region for CDH. The three other most compelling CDH-critical regions for genomic deletions based on these data and a literature review are located at chromosomes 8p23.1, 4p16.3-4pter, and 1q41-1q42.1. Based on these recurrent deletions at 15q26.1-15q26.2, we hypothesized that loss-of-function mutations in a gene or genes from this region could cause CDH and sequenced six candidate genes from this region in more than 100 patients with CDH. For three of these genes (CHD2, ARRDC4, and RGMA), we identified missense changes and that were not identified in normal controls; however, none of these alterations appeared unambiguously causal with CDH. These data suggest that CDH caused by chromosome deletions at 15q26.2 may arise because of a contiguous gene deletion syndrome or may have a multifactorial etiology. In addition, there is evidence for substantial genetic heterogeneity in CDH and diaphragmatic hernias can be non-penetrant in patients who have deletions involving CDH-critical regions.

  9. Toracoscopia nas hérnias diafragmáticas: estudo experimental em cães Thoracoscopic techniques in diaphragmatic hernias: experimental study in dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Afonso de Castro Beck

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Na classificação das hérnias diafragmáticas, a traumática é a forma mais prevalente em cães e gatos. A alteração, que se caracteriza por uma alteração anatômica, tem na correção cirúrgica, o tratamento recomendado. O presente estudo se propôs a avaliar a cirurgia videotoracoscópica no diagnóstico e tratamento de hérnias diafragmáticas em cães. Na primeira etapa do experimento, oito animais foram submetidos à produção de um modelo de hérnia diafragmática por meio do acesso laparoscópico. Após o período de uma semana, os cães foram submetidos à segunda etapa experimental através do acesso toracoscópico, tendo como finalidade o diagnóstico e a terapêutica cirúrgica. O acesso toracoscópico mostrou-se eficaz tanto no caráter diagnóstico das rupturas e dos deslocamentos, como na correção cirúrgica de reposição visceral e rafia diafragmática.The most common type of diaphragmatic hernia in dogs and cats is the traumatic one.As an anatomic alteration surgery is the elected treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate videothoracoscopic surgery in the diagnostic and treatment of diaphragmatic hernia in eight dogs. In the first phase of the study diaphragmatic hernias were performed in the dogs through laparoscopic access. One week later the dogs were summited to a thoracoscopic surgery to make diagnostic and surgical correction. Thoracoscopic access showed to be efficient for identification of the defects and visceral displacements and for the surgical treatment.

  10. Sports hernia: A pictorial review | Mercouris | SA Journal of Radiology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sports hernia represents a complex clinical and imaging entity. The purpose of the review is to provide a practical imaging approach to this condition. The review includes an overview of the anatomy and biomechanics of sports hernia by means of colour illustrations. The role of imaging, and particularly magnetic resonance ...

  11. Complex Ventral Hernias: A Review of Past to Present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trujillo, Charles N; Fowler, Aaron; Al-Temimi, Mohammed H; Ali, Aamna; Johna, Samir; Tessier, Deron

    2018-01-01

    With the incidence of ventral hernias increasing, surgeons are faced with greater complexity in dealing with these conditions. Proper knowledge of the history and the advancements made in managing complex ventral hernias will enhance surgical results. This review article highlights the literature regarding complex ventral hernias, including a shift from a focus that stressed surgical technique toward a multimodal approach, which involves optimization and identification of suboptimal characteristics.

  12. Abdominal wall hernia and pregnancy: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, K K; Henriksen, N A; Jorgensen, L N

    2015-10-01

    There is no consensus as to the treatment strategy for abdominal wall hernias in fertile women. This study was undertaken to review the current literature on treatment of abdominal wall hernias in fertile women before or during pregnancy. A literature search was undertaken in PubMed and Embase in combination with a cross-reference search of eligible papers. We included 31 papers of which 23 were case reports. In fertile women undergoing sutured or mesh repair, pain was described in a few patients during the last trimester of a subsequent pregnancy. Emergency surgery of incarcerated hernias in pregnant women, as well as combined hernia repair and cesarean section appears as safe procedures. No major complications were reported following hernia repair before or during pregnancy. The combined procedure of elective cesarean section and abdominal wall hernia repair was reported in 102 patients without major complications. The literature on abdominal wall hernia and pregnancy is sparse. Abdominal wall hernia repair with suture or mesh may cause pain in the last trimester of a subsequent pregnancy. Hernia repair in conjunction with cesarean section appear as the optimal treatment of a pregnant patient with a symptomatic abdominal wall hernia.

  13. Handlebar hernia: a case report and literature review on traumatic abdominal wall hernia in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bemmel, A J M; van Marle, A G J; Schlejen, P M; Schmitz, R F

    2011-08-01

    A rare case of abdominal trauma, a handlebar hernia, is described, as well as a review of the pertinent literature. A 7-year-old boy presented to our emergency room after sustaining blunt force to the abdomen; he fell on the handlebar of his bicycle. Immediately after the accident, a bulge was noticeable at the point of impact. Handlebar hernia is a diagnosis that is easily missed, which can lead to strangulation and incarceration of the bowel. With this case report, we hope to augment the knowledge on traumatic abdominal wall hernia, hopefully leading to early diagnosis and treatment.

  14. [Are in-utero interventions justified?--perspective of neonatologists. Part I. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dabrowska, Katarzyna; Gadzinowski, Janusz

    2011-05-01

    In-utero interventions are often perceived by parents as the only hope for their unborn child. Because it is neonatologists who have to deal with a sick newborn and sometimes unrealistic optimism of the parents after delivery we have taken on the task of reviewing the current knowledge concerning fetal surgeries from the neonatologist's perspective. In the first of three parts we have analyzed the data for in-utero interventions for CDH. Our main objective was to evaluate available data and to ascertain whether performing fetal surgeries for CDH is justified. Review of available literature on the subject of in-utero interventions in the fetuses with CDH was performed. Pubmed and Cochrane library were searched for relevant publications, in particular for randomized controlled trials. In randomized controlled trial (RCT), the in-utero intervention did not improve the outcome. The results of uncontrolled clinical trials suggest that it may be beneficial in cases with severe lung hypoplasia. The RCT testing the efficacy of the procedure performed later in pregnancy in moderately severe cases in currently under way In-utero interventions might improve survival in a carefully selected group of patients with CDH. However the evidence to support this claim is not strong, and until more data is available, in-utero interventions for CDH should only be performed in specialized centers as part of controlled clinical trial.

  15. Hearing loss in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors: is it as prevalent as we think?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Marnie Goodwin; Riley, Patricia; Hurteau, Anne-Marie; Baird, Robert; Puligandla, Pramod S

    2013-05-01

    The incidence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL;>20 dB loss) in CDH survivors is debated. We evaluated long-term audiological outcomes at a single tertiary care center with ECMO capability and an established neonatal follow-up program. With REB approval, records of CDH survivors from 2000 to 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic, postnatal, and audiometric information was gathered. All underwent auditory brainstem response (ABR) or otoacoustic emissions screening before discharge and complete audiological surveillance. Thirty-three patients were evaluated to age 4+ years with others continuing follow-up. Forty-three patient records were reviewed with 1 excluded (transferred to another institution). Median GA and BW were 39 weeks (35-41) and 3.1 kg (2-4), respectively. Median ventilation days were 10 (2-189) with 34 infants ventilated 5+ days. Sixteen (36%) received HFOV, 21 (49%) iNO, and 5 (12%) ECMO. The median time to CDH repair was 3 days (1-23), and 11 (26%) required patch repair. Nine infants (21%) received diuretics and oxygen after discharge. Audiological surveillance identified only one patient with SNHL (received HFO, iNO, and patch repair). Neonatal screening identifies CDH survivors at risk for hearing difficulties but must be followed with comprehensive testing until school age. The incidence of SNHL may be less than previously reported in this population. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Sports hernia and femoroacetabular impingement in athletes: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munegato, Daniele; Bigoni, Marco; Gridavilla, Giulia; Olmi, Stefano; Cesana, Giovanni; Zatti, Giovanni

    2015-09-16

    To investigate the association between sports hernias and femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in athletes. PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and Google Scholar databases were electronically searched for articles relating to sports hernia, athletic pubalgia, groin pain, long-standing adductor-related groin pain, Gilmore groin, adductor pain syndrome, and FAI. The initial search identified 196 studies, of which only articles reporting on the association of sports hernia and FAI or laparoscopic treatment of sports hernia were selected for systematic review. Finally, 24 studies were reviewed to evaluate the prevalence of FAI in cases of sports hernia and examine treatment outcomes and evidence for a common underlying pathogenic mechanism. FAI has been reported in as few as 12% to as high as 94% of patients with sports hernias, athletic pubalgia or adductor-related groin pain. Cam-type impingement is proposed to lead to increased symphyseal motion with overload on the surrounding extra-articular structures and muscle, which can result in the development of sports hernia and athletic pubalgia. Laparoscopic repair of sports hernias, via either the transabdominal preperitoneal or extraperitoneal approach, has a high success rate and earlier recovery of full sports activity compared to open surgery or conservative treatment. For patients with FAI and sports hernia, the surgical management of both pathologies is more effective than sports pubalgia treatment or hip arthroscopy alone (89% vs 33% of cases). As sports hernias and FAI are typically treated by general and orthopedic surgeons, respectively, a multidisciplinary approach for diagnosis and treatment is recommended for optimal treatment of patients with these injuries. The restriction in range of motion due to FAI likely contributes to sports hernias; therefore, surgical treatment of both pathologies represents an optimal therapy.

  17. Diaphragmatic hernia repair - congenital

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... how well the lungs are working. A light sensor (called a pulse oximeter) is taped to baby's ... with their lungs after birth, may have lung disease after they leave the hospital. They may need ...

  18. Perineal hernias in children: Case report and review of the literature ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Perineal hernias in children: Case report and review of the literature. D Kravarusic, M Swartz, E Freud. Abstract. Perineal hernias (pelvic floor hernias) are extremely rare occurring through defects in musculature of the pelvic floor. This report presents a successfully treated case of primary perineal hernia and takes a review ...

  19. Morgagni hernia: A rare case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoj Kumar Pattnaik

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni hernias (MHs are rare and constitute about 2% of all diaphragmatic hernias. Although uncommon, it has potential for considerable morbidity if the diagnosis is missed. An elderly woman with known history of chronic asthma and constipation presented to us with vague right-sided chest pain. General physical examination was unremarkable and coincidentally diagnosed to have diabetes mellitus. Chest roentgenogram posteroanterior view revealed a right paracardiac opacity and right lateral view showed the opacity in the peridiaphragmatic area of anterior mediastinum. Computed tomographic scan of the chest and abdomen revealed a right-sided MH containing omental fat. Standard right posterolateral thoracotomy was done, and there was a rent at the medial end of the xiphoid process with hernia sac containing the omentum, which was compressing adjacent lungs and heart. The sac was opened; redundant omentum was resected, and rent closed with intercostal muscle with prolene. MH being rare must be addressed with appropriate investigation to prevent unnecessary morbidity and mortality.

  20. O valor da ultra-sonografia e da ressonância magnética fetal na avaliação das hérnias diafragmáticas The value of fetal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging in the assessment of diaphragmatic hernias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Amim

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Demonstrar a significância dos achados da ressonância magnética e da ultra-sonografia na caracterização pré-natal e avaliação do prognóstico de pacientes com hérnia diafragmática congênita. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Catorze gestantes (idade gestacional média de 28,7 semanas examinadas com ultra-sonografia e apresentando fetos com suspeita de hérnia diafragmática congênita foram avaliadas por meio da ressonância magnética. Os exames foram realizados em aparelho de 1,5 tesla usando seqüências-padrão. Dois radiologistas avaliaram as imagens e estabeleceram os achados por consenso. RESULTADOS: Doze fetos tinham hérnia diafragmática à esquerda e dois, à direita. O fígado fetal foi localizado no interior do tórax de cinco fetos pela ultra-sonografia (três com hérnia diafragmática esquerda e dois com hérnia diafragmática direita e de oito pela ressonância magnética (seis com hérnia diafragmática esquerda e dois com hérnia diafragmática direita. Herniação do estômago e alças de intestino delgado foi observada em todos os fetos com hérnia diafragmática esquerda (n = 12, tanto pela ultra-sonografia quanto pela ressonância magnética. Oito fetos sobreviveram após cirurgia (sete com hérnia diafragmática esquerda e um com hérnia diafragmática direita. CONCLUSÃO: A ultra-sonografia e a ressonância magnética são métodos de imagens complementares na avaliação das hérnias diafragmáticas congênitas. A ressonância magnética pode auxiliar a ultra-sonografia na avaliação da posição do fígado, o qual representa importante fator prognóstico.OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the relevance of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging findings in the prenatal characterization and prognostic evaluation in cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen pregnant women (mean gestational age = 28.7 weeks who had undergone ultrasonography for suspicion of fetuses with congenital

  1. A review of available prosthetics for ventral hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shankaran, Vidya; Weber, Daniel J; Reed, R Lawrence; Luchette, Fred A

    2011-01-01

    To review mesh products currently available for ventral hernia repair and to evaluate their efficacy in complex repair, including contaminated and reoperative fields. Although commonly referenced, the concept of the ideal prosthetic has never been fully realized. With the development of newer prosthetics and approaches to the ventral hernia repair, many surgeons do not fully understand the properties of the available prosthetics or the circumstances that warrant the use of a specific mesh. A systematic review of published literature from 1951 to June of 2009 was conducted to identify articles relating to ventral hernia repairs and the use of prosthetics in herniorrhaphy. Important differences exist between the synthetics, composites, and biologic prosthetics used for ventral hernia repair in terms of mechanics, cost, and the ideal situation in which each should be used. The use of synthetic mesh remains an appropriate solution for most ventral hernia repairs. Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair has created a niche for both expanded polytetrafluoroethylene and composite mesh, as they are suited to intraperitoneal placement. Preliminary studies have demonstrated that the newer biologic prosthetics are reasonable options for hernia repair in contaminated fields and for large abdominal wall defects; however, more studies need to be done before advocating the use of these biologics in other settings.

  2. CHARACTERISTICS OF CONGENITAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO PROGNOSIS WITH SPECIAL MENTION ON SHORT-TERM COMPLICATIONS- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY FROM A NEUROSURGICAL PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand Prabhavathy Raghavan

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND CNS anomalies coexist in up to 10% of non-syndrome CDH cases. Hence, the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of CHD is of interest to paediatric neurosurgeons. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (hereby referred to as CDH is a relatively rare anomaly with a prevalence of 1 in 3000 livebirths. CDH present with varying characteristics (side, contents, presence of sac, morgagnian hernia, which in turn influence its outcome. Study details the characteristics of CDH, their impact on outcome, as well as shortterm complications of CDH in general. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective study- Descriptive, based on case records. Study subjects were all inpatients admitted with CDH during the study period in Paediatric Surgery Department, SAT Hospital, Trivandrum. No definite sampling method has been adopted for the study. Consecutive cases of CDH have been recruited. Statistical analysis is done by Chi-square test, proportion and percentage analysis. Data were analysed using computer software, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 10. RESULTS Cases which contained stomach as a content (18/56 or 32.14% had a poor survival (8/18 or 44.44% and this result was found to be statistically significant (P value 0.033. Sac was seen in 15 (26.7% cases and the survival was poor in these cases (7/15 or 46.7%, P value 0.096. None of the cases had any CNS anomalies. Outcome was bad for right-sided hernias. Short-term complications other than postoperative death were few. CONCLUSION Presence of sac as well as stomach as a content of sac in CDH leads to poor survival. None of the cases had coexisting CNS anomalies, which may not be statistically significant. It may be due to the greater number of stillbirths in foetuses associated with CNS anomalies (which were not included in our study group during the given study period. Mortality of right-sided hernias exceeded that of left-sided defects, which is against the commonly held belief (our study is

  3. Prenatal MR imaging of congenital diaphragmatic hernias: association of MR fetal lung volume with the need for postnatal prosthetic patch repair

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hagelstein, Claudia; Weidner, Meike; Schoenberg, Stefan O.; Buesing, Karen A.; Neff, K.W. [University of Heidelberg, Institute of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Mannheim, Mannheim (Germany); Zahn, Katrin [University of Heidelberg, Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Medical Center Mannheim, Mannheim (Germany); Weiss, Christel [University of Heidelberg, Department of Medical Statistics and Biomathematics, University Medical Center Mannheim, Mannheim (Germany); Schaible, Thomas [University of Heidelberg, Department of Pediatrics, University Medical Center Mannheim, Mannheim (Germany)

    2015-01-15

    To assess whether the need for postnatal prosthetic patch repair of the diaphragmatic defect in neonates with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with the antenatal measured observed-to-expected magnetic resonance fetal lung volume (o/e MR-FLV). The o/e MR-FLV was calculated in 247 fetuses with isolated CDH. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the prognostic value of the individual o/e MR-FLV for association with the need for postnatal patch repair. Seventy-seven percent (77 %) of patients with a CDH (190/247) required prosthetic patch repair and the defect was closed primarily in 23 % (57/247). Patients requiring a patch had a significantly lower o/e MR-FLV (27.7 ± 10.2 %) than patients with primary repair (40.8 ± 13.8 %, p < 0.001, AUC = 0.786). With an o/e MR-FLV of 20 %, 92 % of the patients required patch repair, compared to only 24 % with an o/e MR-FLV of 60 %. The need for a prosthetic patch was further influenced by the fetal liver position (herniation/no herniation) as determined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; p < 0.001). Fetal liver position, in addition to the o/e MR-FLV, improves prognostic accuracy (AUC = 0.827). Logistic regression analysis based on the o/e MR-FLV is useful for prenatal estimation of the prosthetic patch requirement in patients with a CDH. In addition to the o/e MR-FLV, the position of the liver as determined by fetal MRI helps improve prognostic accuracy. (orig.)

  4. Sportsman hernia; the review of current diagnosis and treatment modalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paksoy, Melih; Sekmen, Ümit

    2016-01-01

    Groin pain is an important clinical entity that may affect a sportsman's active sports life. Sportsman's hernia is a chronic low abdominal and groin pain syndrome. Open and laparoscopic surgical treatment may be chosen in case of conservative treatment failure. Studies on sportsman's hernia, which is a challenging situation in both diagnosis and treatment, are ongoing in many centers. We reviewed the treatment results of 37 patients diagnosed and treated as sportsman's hernia at our hospital between 2011-2014, in light of current literature.

  5. Changes in the Expression of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor after Fetal Tracheal Occlusion in an Experimental Model of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Sanz-López

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF, an angiogenic factor secreted by type II pneumocytes, could play a role in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH pathogenesis. Animal studies suggest that VEGF accelerates lung growth. Aim. To quantify VEGF on fetal lungs in a nitrofen rat model for CDH and to analyze the effect of tracheal occlusion (TO in VEGF in fetal lung rats after nitrofen and in control rats not exposed to nitrofen. Methods. Pregnant rats received nitrofen on day 9.5 of gestation. Fetuses were divided into 2 groups: those that underwent TO on day 20 and those that did not. On day 21, fetuses were delivered, and the lungs were dissected for subsequent VEGF quantification. Results. CDH was detected in 43% of the fetuses that received nitrofen. Fetuses with CDH showed significantly reduced lung weight/fetal weight ratio and lower VEGF levels than the remainder. A higher VEGF value was observed after TO. Conclusions. VEGF protein was significantly lower in fetuses with CDH. TO induced a significant increase in VEGF compared to the fetuses that did not undergo TO. Although not statistically significant, we observed higher VEGF levels in fetuses with CDH and TO compared to fetuses with CDH and no further intervention.

  6. Fetal MR lung volumetry in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH): prediction of clinical outcome and the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilian, A K; Büsing, K-A; Schuetz, E-M; Schaible, T; Neff, K W

    2009-09-01

    Despite the ultrasound (US) based lung-to-head ratio (LHR) and first results of fetal lung volume (FLV) determination in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), there is no reliable prenatal parameter for the clinical course and outcome of fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), in particular for the need of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). MR FLV measurement was evaluated in 36 fetuses with CDH using T2-weighted half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin echo (HASTE) imaging. FLV and liver herniation, respectively, were correlated with survival and the need for ECMO therapy. A total of 18 healthy fetuses served as controls. MR FLV measurement was applied to predict survival and the need for neonatal ECMO therapy and to assess liver herniation as a prognostic parameter. On MRI there was a highly significant correlation of the FLV and patients' survival (p=0.0001) and ECMO requirement, respectively (p=0.0029). Compared to normal controls mean FLV in infants who died was 10% (9.4+/-5.8 ml) and 32% in surviving infants (25+/-9.7 ml). Liver herniation significantly decreased lung volume and negatively impacted clinical outcome (pCDH patients. MR FLV measurements are also valuable to identify patients who may benefit from ECMO therapy. Upward liver herniation is the most important additional prognostic parameter.

  7. Apparent truth about congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a population-based database is needed to establish benchmarking for clinical outcomes for CDH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-05-01

    The authors hypothesize that recent single or multiinstitution-based reports of improved survival of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients are biased by patient selection, practice, and referral patterns. Here the authors report a population-based analysis of the clinical outcomes of CDH in the province of Ontario for 1996. A retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from the Bureau of Vital Statistics of Ontario and all 5 pediatric surgical institutions in Ontario for 1996 was performed. Twenty-four CDH-associated deaths were registered in Canada in 1996. Fourteen of 24 occurred in Ontario (58.3%). Of 30 institutionally identified CDH in Ontario, 8 patients died (26.7%). CDH-associated infant mortality rate was 6.6 of 100,000 live births in Canada compared with 10 of 100,000 live births for Ontario (Relative risk, 1.4; confidence interval, 0.5, 3.7; P >.01). Neonatal death (CDH-associated deaths, however, were not accounted by the institutional-based reporting. In addition, institutional-based survival rates for CDH varied from 62.5% to 100%. Our results indicate the existing bias associated with institution-based reporting and database of CDH. The "hidden mortality" associated with CDH is still present. A population-based database is needed to establish the benchmarking for management of CDH.

  8. Exacerbation of a maternal hiatus hernia in early pregnancy presenting with symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwentner, Lukas; Wulff, Christine; Kreienberg, Rolf; Herr, Daniel

    2011-03-01

    We report on a 30-year old woman presenting with symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum and subsequent vomiting at the end of the first trimester (12 + 0 weeks of gestation). The patient was initially presented with nausea and vomiting, without any signs or symptoms of intra-abdominal disorders. On the 2nd day, symptoms became worse and she complained right sided upper abdominal pain, therefore abdominal ultrasound was performed, showing no remarkable findings, explaining the disorder. Clinical symptoms increased and the patient complained suddenly severe dyspnoea and intractable cough. Therefore, immediately an X-ray examination of the thorax was performed showing a severe left sided diaphragmatic hiatus hernia with consecutive displaced stomach into the thoracic cavity, making immediate surgical intervention necessary. Diaphragmatic hernias complicating pregnancy are a rare event, they normally occur in later periods of pregnancy due to the rising intra-abdominal pressure mainly caused by the enlargement of the uterus. Also maternal diaphragmatic hernias during pregnancy are usually associated with minor complains. However, they can be life-threatening, due to mediastinal shift and cardio-respiratory failure. The majority of maternal diaphragmatic hernias complicating pregnancies occur in antenatal period, most of them in the third trimester. More than 90% of maternal diaphragmatic hernias complicating pregnancy are localized on the left side of the maternal diaphragma. We present a case of an early onset life-threatening maternal diaphragmatic hernia. Usually, maternal diaphragmatic hernias become clinically obvious in advanced stage of pregnancy, in contrast hyperemesis gravidarum is normally occurring in the first trimester and is usually self-limiting. Guiding symptoms for hyperemesis gravidarum are nausea and vomiting, but these clinical findings can also be unspecific symptoms of a maternal diaphragmatic hernia. Therefore, especially mild variants of maternal

  9. Hérnia Diafragmática Congênita: Relato de Caso/ Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Lucas Tavares dos Santos; Tânia Massini Evangelista

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: A hérnia diafragmática congênita é a falha do fechamento embrionário do músculo diafragmático, resultando em um defeito de continuidade. Esta patologia pode ocorrer pela passagem de estruturas do abdome através de um defeito no diafragma, ou haver herniação parcial do estômago através do hiato esofágico, paralisia frênica com deslocamento do conteúdo abdominal para cima, mas sem herniação, e, eventração do diafragma. Casuística: Foi relatado um caso de hérnia diafragmática congêni...

  10. [Amyand's hernia: a report of two cases and review of the bibliography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzanares-Campillo, Maria del Carmen; Muñoz-Atienza, Virginia; Sánchez-García, Susana; García-Santos, Esther; Ruescas-García, Francisco; Martín-Fernández, Jesús

    2014-01-01

    Presence of the vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac is an uncommon finding (1%), exceptionally rare if it's inflamed (0.13%). Clinically simulating incarcerated inguinal hernia and proper preoperative diagnosis is exceptional. We present two unusual cases of Amyand's hernia, and review of the bibliography. 1. Male patient 78 year old with an incarcerated right inguinal hernia which was performed preoperatively the diagnosis of Amyand's hernia by abdominal Computed Tomography. Clinical case 2. Female patient 82 year old with symptoms of an incarcerated right femoral hernia that finally showed an Amyand's hernia through a right inguinal hernia. Amyand's hernia is a rare entity whose preoperative diagnosis is uncommon, that it should always be considered in the differential diagnosis in cases with clinical signs of incarcerated right inguinal hernia.

  11. Clinical And Surgical Anatomy Of Lumbar Hernia: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Victor Souza Sanders

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Lumbar hernia is defined as the presence of failure in the transverse fascia or in the aponeurosis of the transverse abdominal muscle that results in the extrusion of intra or extra peritoneal organs through the discontinuity of the postero lateral abdominal wall. The aim of this study was to conduct a methodical review of the anatomy of the hernia form grynfelt dated from 2006 to 2017. For this, we performed a bibliographic review by means of electronic databases like SciELO, PubMed, Science Direct, LILACS and Bireme to get better approach to the subject. It has been found that the lumbar hernia is a disease little known by doctors whose diagnostics are often performed in the wrong way and for surgical correction needs a good anatomical knowledge. Lumbar hernias, although rare, must be taken into account, since ischemia of herniated intestinal segments can lead to the death of the patient, especially in the elderly. Knowledge about the anatomy of the lumbar region is of vital importance because it makes surgery safe and reduces risks of complications and recidivating of the hernia.

  12. Blunt traumatic diaphragmatic rupture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Nogueira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic injury of the diaphragm ranges from 0.6 to 1.2% and rise up to 5%among patients who were victims of blunt trauma and underwent laparotomy.Clinical suspicion associated with radiological assessment contributes to earlydiagnosis. Isolated diaphragmatic injury has a good prognosis. Generallyworse outcomes are associated with other trauma injuries. Bilateral andright diaphragmatic lesions have worse prognosis. Multi detector computed tomography (MDCT scan of the chest and abdomen provides better diagnosticaccuracy using the possibility of image multiplanar reconstruction. Surgicalrepair via laparotomy and/ or thoracotomy in the acute phase of the injury hasa better outcome and avoids chronic complications of diaphragmatic hernia.The authors present the case of a young male patient, victim of blunt abdominaltrauma due to motor vehicle accident with rupture of the diaphragm, spleenand kidney injuries. The diagnosis was made by computed tomography of thethorax and abdomen and was confirmed during laparotomy.

  13. The VICI-trial: high frequency oscillation versus conventional mechanical ventilation in newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: an international multicentre randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Hout, Lieke; Tibboel, Dick; Vijfhuize, Sanne; te Beest, Harma; Hop, Wim; Reiss, Irwin

    2011-11-02

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a severe congenital anomaly of the diaphragm resulting in pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. It is associated with a high risk of mortality and pulmonary morbidity. Previous retrospective studies have reported high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFO) to reduce pulmonary morbidity in infants with CDH, while others indicated HFO to be associated with worse outcome. We therefore aimed to develop a randomized controlled trial to compare initial ventilatory treatment with high-frequency oscillation and conventional ventilation in infants with CDH. This trial is designed as a multicentre trial in which 400 infants (200 in each arm) will be included. Primary outcome measures are BPD, described as oxygen dependency by day 28 according to the definition of Jobe and Bancalari, and/or mortality by day 28. All liveborn infants with CDH born at a gestational age of over 34 weeks and no other severe congenital anomalies are eligible for inclusion. Parental informed consent is asked antenatally and the allocated ventilation mode starts within two hours after birth. Laboratory samples of blood, urine and tracheal aspirate are taken at the first day of life, day 3, day 7, day 14 and day 28 to evaluate laboratory markers for ventilator-induced lung injury and pulmonary hypertension. To date, randomized clinical trials are lacking in the field of CDH. The VICI-trial, as the first randomized clinical trial in the field of CDH, may provide further insight in ventilation strategies in CDH patient. This may hopefully prevent mortality and morbidity. Netherlands Trial Register (NTR): NTR1310.

  14. The VICI-trial: high frequency oscillation versus conventional mechanical ventilation in newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: an international multicentre randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van den Hout Lieke

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH is a severe congenital anomaly of the diaphragm resulting in pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. It is associated with a high risk of mortality and pulmonary morbidity. Previous retrospective studies have reported high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFO to reduce pulmonary morbidity in infants with CDH, while others indicated HFO to be associated with worse outcome. We therefore aimed to develop a randomized controlled trial to compare initial ventilatory treatment with high-frequency oscillation and conventional ventilation in infants with CDH. Methods/design This trial is designed as a multicentre trial in which 400 infants (200 in each arm will be included. Primary outcome measures are BPD, described as oxygen dependency by day 28 according to the definition of Jobe and Bancalari, and/or mortality by day 28. All liveborn infants with CDH born at a gestational age of over 34 weeks and no other severe congenital anomalies are eligible for inclusion. Parental informed consent is asked antenatally and the allocated ventilation mode starts within two hours after birth. Laboratory samples of blood, urine and tracheal aspirate are taken at the first day of life, day 3, day 7, day 14 and day 28 to evaluate laboratory markers for ventilator-induced lung injury and pulmonary hypertension. Discussion To date, randomized clinical trials are lacking in the field of CDH. The VICI-trial, as the first randomized clinical trial in the field of CDH, may provide further insight in ventilation strategies in CDH patient. This may hopefully prevent mortality and morbidity. Trial registration Netherlands Trial Register (NTR: NTR1310

  15. High temporal versus high spatial resolution in MR quantitative pulmonary perfusion imaging of two-year old children after congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weidner, M.; Hagelstein, C.; Schoenberg, S.O.; Neff, K.W.; Zoellner, F.G.; Schad, L.R.; Zahn, K.; Schaible, T.

    2014-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) leads to lung hypoplasia. Using dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MR imaging, lung perfusion can be quantified. As MR perfusion values depend on temporal resolution, we compared two protocols to investigate whether ipsilateral lung perfusion is impaired after CDH, whether there are protocol-dependent differences, and which protocol is preferred. DCE-MRI was performed in 36 2-year old children after CDH on a 3 T MRI system; protocol A (n = 18) based on a high spatial (3.0 s; voxel: 1.25 mm 3 ) and protocol B (n = 18) on a high temporal resolution (1.5 s; voxel: 2 mm 3 ). Pulmonary blood flow (PBF), pulmonary blood volume (PBV), mean transit time (MTT), and peak-contrast-to-noise-ratio (PCNR) were quantified. PBF was reduced ipsilaterally, with ipsilateral PBF of 45 ± 26 ml/100 ml/min to contralateral PBF of 63 ± 28 ml/100 ml/min (p = 0.0016) for protocol A; and for protocol B, side differences were equivalent (ipsilateral PBF = 62 ± 24 vs. contralateral PBF = 85 ± 30 ml/100 ml/min; p = 0.0034). PCNR was higher for protocol B (30 ± 18 vs. 20 ± 9; p = 0.0294). Protocol B showed higher values of PBF in comparison to protocol A (p always <0.05). Ipsilateral lung perfusion is reduced in 2-year old children following CDH repair. Higher temporal resolution and increased voxel size show a gain in PCNR and lead to higher perfusion values. Protocol B is therefore preferred. (orig.)

  16. Semi-automatic lung segmentation of DCE-MRI data sets of 2-year old children after congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair: Initial results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zöllner, Frank G; Daab, Markus; Weidner, Meike; Sommer, Verena; Zahn, Katrin; Schaible, Thomas; Weisser, Gerald; Schoenberg, Stefan O; Neff, K Wolfgang; Schad, Lothar R

    2015-12-01

    In congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), lung hypoplasia and secondary pulmonary hypertension are the major causes of death and severe disability. Based on new therapeutic strategies survival rates could be improved to up to 80%. However, after surgical repair of CDH, long-term follow-up of these pediatric patients is necessary. In this, dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) provides insights into the pulmonary microcirculation and might become a tool within the routine follow-up program of CDH patients. However, whole lung segmentation from DCE-MRI scans is tedious and automated procedures are warranted. Therefore, in this study, an approach to semi-automated lung segmentation is presented. Segmentation of the lung is obtained by calculating the cross correlation and the area under curve between all voxels in the data set and a reference region-of-interest (ROI), here the arterial input function (AIF). By applying an upper and lower threshold to the obtained maps and intersecting these, a final segmentation is reached. This approach was tested on twelve DCE-MRI data sets of 2-year old children after CDH repair. Segmentation accuracy was evaluated by comparing obtained automatic segmentations to manual delineations using the Dice overlap measure. Optimal thresholds for the cross correlation were 0.5/0.95 and 0.1/0.5 for the area under curve, respectively. The ipsilateral (left) lung showed reduced segmentation accuracy compared to the contralateral (right) lung. Average processing time was about 1.4s per data set. Average Dice score was 0.7±0.1 for the whole lung. In conclusion, initial results are promising. By our approach, whole lung segmentation is possible and a rapid evaluation of whole lung perfusion becomes possible. This might allow for a more detailed analysis of lung hypoplasia of children after CDH. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. High temporal versus high spatial resolution in MR quantitative pulmonary perfusion imaging of two-year old children after congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weidner, M.; Hagelstein, C.; Schoenberg, S.O.; Neff, K.W. [University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Institute of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Mannheim (Germany); Zoellner, F.G.; Schad, L.R. [Heidelberg University, Computer Assisted Clinical Medicine, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Mannheim (Germany); Zahn, K. [University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Mannheim (Germany); Schaible, T. [University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Department of Pediatrics, Mannheim (Germany)

    2014-10-15

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) leads to lung hypoplasia. Using dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MR imaging, lung perfusion can be quantified. As MR perfusion values depend on temporal resolution, we compared two protocols to investigate whether ipsilateral lung perfusion is impaired after CDH, whether there are protocol-dependent differences, and which protocol is preferred. DCE-MRI was performed in 36 2-year old children after CDH on a 3 T MRI system; protocol A (n = 18) based on a high spatial (3.0 s; voxel: 1.25 mm{sup 3}) and protocol B (n = 18) on a high temporal resolution (1.5 s; voxel: 2 mm{sup 3}). Pulmonary blood flow (PBF), pulmonary blood volume (PBV), mean transit time (MTT), and peak-contrast-to-noise-ratio (PCNR) were quantified. PBF was reduced ipsilaterally, with ipsilateral PBF of 45 ± 26 ml/100 ml/min to contralateral PBF of 63 ± 28 ml/100 ml/min (p = 0.0016) for protocol A; and for protocol B, side differences were equivalent (ipsilateral PBF = 62 ± 24 vs. contralateral PBF = 85 ± 30 ml/100 ml/min; p = 0.0034). PCNR was higher for protocol B (30 ± 18 vs. 20 ± 9; p = 0.0294). Protocol B showed higher values of PBF in comparison to protocol A (p always <0.05). Ipsilateral lung perfusion is reduced in 2-year old children following CDH repair. Higher temporal resolution and increased voxel size show a gain in PCNR and lead to higher perfusion values. Protocol B is therefore preferred. (orig.)

  18. Antenatal Maternally-Administered Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors Normalize eNOS Expression in the Fetal Lamb Model of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shue, Eveline H; Schecter, Samuel C.; Gong, Wenhui; Etemadi, Mozziyar; Johengen, Michael; Iqbal, Corey; Derderian, S. Christopher; Oishi, Peter; Fineman, Jeffrey R.; Miniati, Doug

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Pulmonary hypertension (pHTN), a main determinant of survival in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), results from in utero vascular remodeling. Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors have never been used antenatally to treat pHTN. The purpose of this study is to determine if antenatal PDE5 inhibitors can prevent pHTN in the fetal lamb model of CDH. Methods CDH were created in pregnant ewes. Postoperatively, pregnant ewes received oral placebo or tadalafil, a PDE5 inhibitor, until delivery. Near term gestation, lambs underwent resuscitations, and lung tissue was snap frozen for protein analysis. Results Mean cGMP levels were 0.53±0.11 in placebo-treated fetal lambs and 1.73±0.21 in tadalafil-treated fetal lambs (p=0.002). Normalized expression of eNOS was 82±12% in Normal-Placebo, 61±5% in CDH-Placebo, 116±6% in Normal-Tadalafil, and 86±8% in CDH-Tadalafil lambs. Normalized expression of β-sGC was 105±15% in Normal-Placebo, 82±3% in CDH-Placebo, 158±16% in Normal-Tadalafil, and 86±8% in CDH-Tadalafil lambs. Endothelial NOS and β-sGC were significantly decreased in CDH (p = 0.0007 and 0.01 for eNOS and β-sGC, respectively), and tadalafil significantly increased eNOS expression (p = 0.0002). Conclusions PDE5 inhibitors can cross the placental barrier. β-sGC and eNOS are downregulated in fetal lambs with CDH. Antenatal PDE5 inhibitors normalize eNOS and may prevent in utero vascular remodeling in CDH. PMID:24439578

  19. Prenatal microRNA miR-200b Therapy Improves Nitrofen-induced Pulmonary Hypoplasia Associated With Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoshgoo, Naghmeh; Kholdebarin, Ramin; Pereira-Terra, Patricia; Mahood, Thomas H; Falk, Landon; Day, Chelsea A; Iwasiow, Barbara M; Zhu, Fuqin; Mulhall, Drew; Fraser, Carly; Correia-Pinto, Jorge; Keijzer, Richard

    2017-11-13

    We aimed to evaluate the use of miR-200b as a prenatal transplacental therapy in the nitrofen rat model of abnormal lung development and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) and pulmonary hypertension determine mortality and morbidity in CDH babies. There is no safe medical prenatal treatment available. We previously discovered that higher miR-200b is associated with better survival in CDH babies. Here, we investigate the role of miR-200b in the nitrofen rat model of PH and CDH and evaluate its use as an in vivo prenatal therapy. We profiled miR-200b expression during nitrofen-induced PH using RT-qPCR and in situ hybridization in the nitrofen rat model of PH and CDH. The effects of nitrofen on downstream miR-200b targets were studied in bronchial lung epithelial cells using a SMAD luciferase assay, Western blotting and Immunohistochemistry. We evaluated miR-200b as a lung growth promoting therapy ex vivo and in vivo using lung explant culture and transplacental prenatal therapy in the nitrofen rat model. We show that late lung hypoplasia in CDH is associated with (compensatory) upregulation of miR-200b in less hypoplastic lungs. Increasing miR-200b abundance with mimics early after nitrofen treatment decreases SMAD-driven TGF-β signaling and rescues lung hypoplasia both in vitro and in vivo. Also, prenatal miR-200b therapy decreases the observed incidence of CDH. Our data indicate that miR-200b improves PH and decreases the incidence of CDH. Future studies will further exploit this newly discovered prenatal therapy for lung hypoplasia and CDH.

  20. Congenital Morgagni's hernia in infants and children: a national review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background Congenital Morgagni's hernia (CMH) is rare and has unique features in terms of clinical presentation, high incidence of bilaterality, and associated anomalies. This is a review of all CMH cases reported from Saudi. Arabia, highlighting clinical features, associated anomalies, aspects of diagnosis, and ...

  1. Congenital Morgagni's hernia in infants and children: a national review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Congenital Morgagni's hernia (CMH) is rare and has unique features in terms of clinical presentation, high incidence of bilaterality, and associated anomalies. This is a review of all CMH cases reported from Saudi Arabia, highlighting clinical features, associated anomalies, aspects of diagnosis, and ...

  2. Garengeot’s hernia: two case reports with CT diagnosis and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garcia-Amador Cristina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Garengeot’s hernia (GH is defined as the presence of the appendix inside a femoral hernia. It occurs in 0.9% of femoral hernias and is usually an incidental finding during surgery. Its treatment is controversial and the aim of this article is to review the diagnostic methods and surgical considerations.

  3. Prenatal diagnosis and perinatal outcome of 38 cases with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: 8-year experience of a tertiary Brazilian center Diagnóstico pré-natal e evolução perinatal de 38 casos de hérnia diafragmática congênita: 8 anos de experiência de um serviço terciário brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Ruano

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate the perinatal results for neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed prenatally. METHOD: We reviewed data from 38 cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed prenatally from January 1995 to December 2003 in the Fetal Medicine Unit of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, São Paulo University Medical School. The main data analyzed were gestational age at diagnosis, fetal karyotyping, side of diaphragmatic defect, presence of associated structural malformations, hepatic herniation, and severe mediastinal shift. Perinatal outcomes were obtained by reviewing hospital documents or by directly calling the patients' immediate relatives. RESULTS: Mean gestational age at diagnosis was 29 weeks (range, 16-37 weeks.Thirty (79% cases had a left diaphragmatic defect and 8 (21% had a right lesion. Associated structural malformations were observed in 21 (55% cases, in which 12 fetuses had a normal karyotype and 9 had chromosomal abnormalities. Isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia was confirmed in 17 (45% cases. The overall perinatal mortality rate was 92%. Rates of fetal deaths, early neonatal deaths, late neonatal deaths, and survival were 42%, 50%, 0%, and 8%, respectively, in cases with associated structural malformations but normal karyotyping; 56%, 44%, 0%, and 0% for cases with chromosomal abnormalities; and, 0%, 76%, 12%, and 12% in cases with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The neonatal mortality rate was 89% in cases with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia. CONCLUSION: Perinatal mortality was very high in prenatally diagnosed cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Earlier perinatal deaths are associated with the presence of other structural defects or chromosomal abnormalities. In cases of isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia, mortality is related to the presence of herniated liver, right-sided lesion, and major mediastinal shift.OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados neonatais dos

  4. Functional residual capacity (FRC) and lung clearance index (LCI) in mechanically ventilated infants: application in the newborn with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landolfo, Francesca; Savignoni, Ferdinando; Capolupo, Irma; Columbo, Claudia; Calzolari, Flaminia; Giliberti, Paola; Chukhlantseva, Natalia; Bagolan, Pietro; Dotta, Andrea

    2013-07-01

    Functional residual capacity (FRC) and lung clearance index (LCI) are sensitive parameters for early detection of airway disease in infancy. The closed helium dilution method has been applied to assess lung volume and ventilation inhomogeneity (VI) in spontaneously breathing infants. The aims of this study were as follows: (1) to assess applicability of the helium gas dilution technique in mechanically ventilated infants with high-risk congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and to evaluate changes in breathing patterns, lung volume, and VI during the first days of life before and after surgery, and (2) to analyze the possible correlation between changes in lung volume, cerebral hemodynamics, and oxygenation before and after surgical correction of CDH through near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) monitoring. Lung function tests were performed by multibreath washout traces with an ultrasonic flowmeter and helium gas dilution technique. For all babies, three acceptable FRC and LCI measurements were collected for each test (mean and SD of three measurements were calculated) before surgery (T0), 24 h after surgery (T1) during mechanical ventilation, and within 24 h after extubation in spontaneous breathing (T2). Cerebral and splanchnic hemodynamics were continuously monitored by NIRS during mechanical ventilation to evaluate relationships between changes in lung volume and capillary-venous oxyhemoglobin saturation in tissues. Fraction of inspired oxygen delivered was adjusted to keep oxygen saturation between 90% and 95%. Thirteen CDH infants were studied; median GA = 38 weeks (range 35-41) and median BW = 3000 g (range 1850-3670). FRC and LCI significantly improved after extubation when compared with pre-surgical values. No differences were found in tidal volume (Vt) and NIRS monitoring before and after surgery and after extubation. Neither LCI nor FRC was correlated with NIRS values. Helium gas dilution technique is an applicable and reliable technique to measure lung

  5. Three-dimensional assessment of umbilical vein deviation angle for prediction of liver herniation in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volpe, N; Mazzone, E; Muto, B; Suprani, A; Fanelli, T; Kaihura, C T; Dall'Asta, A; Pedrazzi, G; Del Rossi, C; Silini, E M; Magnani, C; Volpe, P; Ghi, T; Frusca, T

    2018-02-01

    To introduce a new sonographic marker of intrathoracic liver herniation in fetuses with left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). In a consecutive series of fetuses with isolated CDH, an ultrasound volume of the fetal abdomen was acquired. On this volume, offline calculation of the angle formed by the midline of the abdomen (joining the center of the vertebral body to the abdominal insertion of the umbilical cord) and a second line joining the center of the vertebral body to the intra-abdominal convexity of the umbilical vein was carried out to give the umbilical vein deviation angle (UVDA). The UVDA was measured in a group of normal fetuses selected as controls. At follow-up, the presence of liver herniation was investigated in all cases of CDH. UVDA values were compared between the CDH group and controls, and between CDH 'liver-up' vs 'liver-down' cases. A receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curve was constructed to identify a cut-off value of the UVDA with the highest accuracy in predicting liver herniation in the CDH group. Between 2009 and 2015, 22 cases of left-sided CDH were included in the study group, of which nine cases had liver herniation. Eighty-eight normal fetuses were recruited as controls. The UVDA was significantly higher in the cases vs controls (15.25 ± 7.91° vs 7.68 ± 1.55°; P CDH fetuses with liver-up vs liver-down (21.77 ± 8.79° vs 10.75 ± 2.10°; P CDH, umbilical vein bowing may be quantified by measuring the UVDA using three-dimensional ultrasound. This sonographic marker seems to be an accurate predictor of liver herniation in left-sided CDH. Copyright © 2017 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Copyright © 2017 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Risk factors for the recurrence of the congenital diaphragmatic hernia-report from the long-term follow-up study of Japanese CDH study group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagata, Kouji; Usui, Noriaki; Terui, Keita; Takayasu, Hajime; Goishi, Keiji; Hayakawa, Masahiro; Tazuke, Yuko; Yokoi, Akiko; Okuyama, Hiroomi; Taguchi, Tomoaki

    2015-02-01

    Few follow-up studies focused on the recurrence regarding the postoperative course of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors. The aim of this study was to report on risk factor for CDH patients who had the recurrence during the follow-up. A multicenter retrospective survey was conducted on neonates diagnosed to have CDH between January 2006 and December 2010. Follow-up survey was conducted between September 2013 and October 2013 (ethical approval: No. 25-222). Nine institutions agreed to participate in this survey. Out of 228, 182 (79.8%) patients were alive and 180 patients were included in this study. Two patients were excluded because the defect had not repaired at the primary operation. The patients were divided into the recurrence group (n=21) and the nonrecurrence group (n=159). Postnatal and postoperative variables were compared between these two groups. Baseline variables which showed significance in univariate analysis were entered into multiple logistic regression analysis for analyzing the recurrence. A value of pCDH neonates had the recurrence during the course of the follow-up. Five (2.8%) patients had the recurrence before primary discharge and 16 (8.9%) patients had the recurrence after discharge. Univariate analysis showed that liver herniation (crude odds ratio [OR], 7.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.73-23.68), defect size C and D, proposed by the CDH Study Group (crude OR, 7.09; 95% CI, 2.73-19.99) and patch repair (crude OR, 5.00; 95% CI, 1.91-14.70) were risk factors. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed liver herniation (adjusted OR, 3.96; 95% CI, 1.01-16.92) was the risk factor for the recurrence. A wide spectrum of the disease severity and the rarity of the disease mask the risk of the recurrence for CDH patients. This study showed the only factor to predict the recurrence was the liver herniation. These data will be helpful for providing information for the long-term follow-up of the CDH patients. Georg Thieme Verlag

  7. Amyand’s Hernia: an Up-to-Date Review of the Literature

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    Dimitrios Patoulias

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Amyand’s hernia is defined as an inguinal hernia, containing the appendix within the hernia sac. Incidence of this rare condition rises up to 1% (0.19–1.7% of all inguinal hernia cases. Inflammation of the appendix within the inguinal sac is even rarer, as it corresponds to 0.1% (0.07–0.13% of all Amyand’s hernia cases. After a comprehensive review of the limited relevant literature, we aim through this review study to describe the pathophysiology of inflammation of the appendix – contained in the hernia sac – and present the latest data about the diagnostic approach and surgical treatment of Amyand’s hernia.

  8. Canal of Nuck hernia: a multimodality imaging review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rees, Mitchell A. [University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Squires, James E. [Children' s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Department of Gastroenterology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Tadros, Sameh; Squires, Judy H. [University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Children' s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Department of Radiology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    2017-07-15

    Canal of Nuck abnormalities are a rare but important cause of morbidity in girls, most often those younger than 5 years of age. The canal of Nuck, which is the female equivalent of the male processus vaginalis, is a protrusion of parietal peritoneum that extends through the inguinal canal and terminates in the labia majora. The canal typically obliterates early in life, but in some cases the canal can partially or completely fail to close, potentially resulting in a hydrocele or hernia of pelvic contents. Recognition of this entity is especially important in cases of ovarian hernia due to the risk of incarceration and torsion. We aim to increase awareness of this condition by reviewing the embryology, anatomy and diagnosis of canal of Nuck disorders with imaging findings on US, CT and MRI using several cases from a single institution. (orig.)

  9. High Frequency Jet Ventilation during Initial Management, Stabilization, and Transport of Newborn Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: A Case Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qianshen Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To review experience of the transport and stabilization of infants with CDH who were treated with high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV. Study Design. Retrospective chart review was performed of infants with antenatal diagnosis of CDH born between 2004 and 2009, at Mount Sinai Hospital Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Detailed information was abstracted from the charts of all infants who received HFJV. Results. Of the 55 infants, 25 were managed with HFJV at some point during resuscitation and stabilization prior to transport. HFJV was the initial ventilation mode in six cases and nineteen infants were placed on HFJV as rescue therapy. Blood gases procured from the umbilical artery before and/or after the initiation of HFJV. There was a significant difference detected for both PaCO2 (P=0.0002 and pH (P<0.0001. The pre- and posttransport vital signs remained stable and no transport related deaths or significant complications occurred. Conclusion. HFJV appears to be safe and effective providing high frequency rescue therapy for infants with CDH failing conventional mechanical ventilation. This paper supports the decision to utilize HFJV as it likely contributed to safe transport of many infants that would not otherwise have tolerated transport to a surgical centre.

  10. Late surgical outcomes among congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients: why long-term follow-up with surgeons is recommended.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jancelewicz, Tim; Chiang, Monping; Oliveira, Carol; Chiu, Priscilla P

    2013-05-01

    CDH patients experience multi-system morbidity. Despite apparent health, late childhood complications do occur. We reviewed the long-term surgical morbidity of our CDH patients to determine whether protracted clinical surveillance is warranted. A single-institution retrospective chart review of all CDH survivors treated from 1999 to 2011 who are followed at our CDH multidisciplinary clinic was performed. Descriptive and statistical analyses were performed to show risk of surgical complications over time. A total of 187 CDH patients were treated with 160 surviving to discharge (86%). Primary repair was performed in 115 (73%), and 42 (27%) underwent patch repair. CDH recurrence occurred in 23 (15%) at a median time of 0.7 (range 0-8.5) years (65% asymptomatic). Seventy percent of recurrences occurred before 2 years and 17% after 4 years. Bowel obstruction occurred in 12 (8%) at a median time of 0.7 (range 0.2-7.2) years post-repair, and chest deformity occurred in 13 (8%) at a median of 5 (range 1.1-6.8) years. For patch repairs, scoliosis occurred in 4 (10%) patients at a median age of 3 (range 0.6-5) years. Surgical complications in CDH survivors are common, can occur many years later, and are frequently asymptomatic. Long-term surveillance of CDH patients is recommended for early identification and treatment of complications. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Preferential streaming of the ductus venosus toward the right atrium is associated with a worse outcome despite a higher rate of invasive procedures in human fetuses with left diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stressig, R; Fimmers, R; Schaible, T; Degenhardt, J; Axt-Fliedner, R; Gembruch, U; Kohl, T

    2013-12-01

    Preferential streaming of the ductus venosus (DV) toward the right atrium has been observed in fetuses with left diaphragmatic hernia (LDH). The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare survival rates to discharge between a group with preferential streaming of the DV toward the right heart and a group in which this abnormal flow pattern was not present. We retrospectively searched our patient records for fetuses with LDH in whom liver position, DV streaming and postnatal outcome information was available. 55 cases were found and divided into two groups: Group I fetuses exhibited abnormal DV streaming toward the right side of the heart; group II fetuses did not. Various prognostic and outcome parameters were compared. 62 % of group I fetuses and 88 % of group II fetuses survived to discharge (p = 0.032). Fetoscopic tracheal balloon occlusion (FETO) was performed in 66 % of group I fetuses and 23 % of group II fetuses (p = 0.003). Postnatal ECMO therapy was performed in 55 % of group I fetuses and 23 % of group II infants (p = 0.025). Moderate to severe chronic lung disease in survivors was observed in 56 % of the survivors of group I and 9 % of the survivors of group II (p = 0.002). Preferential streaming of the DV toward the right heart in human fetuses with left-sided diaphragmatic hernia was associated with a poorer postnatal outcome despite a higher rate of invasive pre- and postnatal procedures compared to fetuses without this flow abnormality. Specifically, abnormal DV streaming was found to be an independent predictor for FETO. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  12. Prenatal MRI fetal lung volumes and percent liver herniation predict pulmonary morbidity in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamora, Irving J; Olutoye, Oluyinka O; Cass, Darrell L; Fallon, Sara C; Lazar, David A; Cassady, Christopher I; Mehollin-Ray, Amy R; Welty, Stephen E; Ruano, Rodrigo; Belfort, Michael A; Lee, Timothy C

    2014-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether prenatal imaging parameters are predictive of postnatal CDH-associated pulmonary morbidity. The records of all neonates with CDH treated from 2004 to 2012 were reviewed. Patients requiring supplemental oxygen at 30 days of life (DOL) were classified as having chronic lung disease (CLD). Fetal MRI-measured observed/expected total fetal lung volume (O/E-TFLV) and percent liver herniation (%LH) were recorded. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and multivariate regression were applied to assess the prognostic value of O/E-TFLV and %LH for development of CLD. Of 172 neonates with CDH, 108 had fetal MRIs, and survival was 76%. 82% (89/108) were alive at DOL 30, 46 (52%) of whom had CLD. Neonates with CLD had lower mean O/E-TFLV (30 vs.42%; p=0.001) and higher %LH (21.3±2.8 vs.7.1±1.8%; p20% (AUC=0.78; p20% were highly associated with indicators of long-term pulmonary sequelae. On multivariate analysis, %LH was the strongest predictor of CLD in patients with CDH (OR: 10.96, 95%CI: 2.5-48.9, p=0.002). Prenatal measurement of O/E-TFLV and %LH is predictive of CDH pulmonary morbidity and can aid in establishing parental expectations of postnatal outcomes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Hérnias diafragmáticas traumáticas: Revisão casuística Traumatic diaphragmatic hernias: Retrospective analysis

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    JPA Sousa

    2006-05-01

    dificuldade de diagnóstico pré-operatória continua a requerer elevado grau de suspeição, exigindo-se sempre a colocação desta hipótese de diagnóstico no contexto de traumatismos toraco-abdominais fechados.Aims: This study classifies cases of traumatic diaphragmatic hernias (TDH in patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU of the Coimbra University Hospitals (HUC from 1990 to 2004. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 34 cases of TDH, studying anatomical location, place and time of diagnosis, complementary tests aiding diagnosis, herniated organs, associated traumatism, morbidity and mortality. Results: Twenty-eight male and six female patients with an average age of 40.5 years ± 20.5, average SAPS score 38.8. Average lenght of stay was 19.1± 13.6 days, all suffered from closed traumatism and were put on artificial ventilation. The left-side diaphragm was more frequently affected (94.1% then the right. Diagnosis in 19 cases was made up in the first six hours following the diagnosis of traumatism, in four cases within 12 hours and in the remaining cases between 48 hours and 16 years after traumatism. In 13 patients the diagnosis was established intra-operatively. The stomach was typically one of the herniated organs. The most frequently associated lesions at the thoracic level were pulmonary contusion, haemothorax and pneumothorax, and at the abdominal level, haemoperitoneum and splenic lesion. The rates for complications and mortality were 55.8% and 11.7% respectively. Conclusions: TDH mainly occurs on the left side through closed thoraco-abdominal trauma following road traffic accidents. This group of patients, on average younger than others admitted to ICU, presents a longer average hospitalisation period, but has lower rates of mortality and lower SAPS severity scores. The most commonly herniated organ was the stomach and the most frequently encountered lesions were cranial-encephalic, splenic and pleural traumatisms. Pre-operative diagnosis of

  14. Robotic repair of a large abdominal intercostal hernia: a case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Stephani C; Singh, Tejinder P

    2017-06-01

    Abdominal intercostal hernia is an uncommon phenomenon, reported in few case reports and small case series. If left untreated, it can lead to strangulation and visceral ischemia. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate surgical intervention are thus critical to prevent resulting morbidity. We present a 50-year-old woman with a large abdominal intercostal hernia after an open nephrectomy. She underwent a successful robotic repair of the hernia with mesh placement. Through the presentation, we would like to raise awareness of intercostal hernia as a complication of open nephrectomy and significance of early diagnosis in avoiding potential morbidity. We also performed a review of literature especially focusing on acquired abdominal intercostal hernia secondary to prior surgery. Although intercostal hernias can be difficult to repair secondary to the size and location, adequate visualization and surgical planning are critical to successful repair.

  15. Amyand hernia repaired with Bio-A: a case report and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, Pamela L; Brockmeyer, Joel R; Johnson, Eric K

    2011-01-01

    A 53-year-old man with an Amyand hernia with indirect and direct components was repaired with a Bio-A (Gore, Newark, Delaware) plug and a patch made of Bio-A tissue reinforcement material. The repair of an Amyand hernia addresses the pathology of the appendix as well as the hernia. We report a case in which a plug and patch repair was undertaken using Bio-A implants in a clean-contaminated field with no signs of infection or recurrence in the follow-up period, and we review the literature regarding the diagnosis and repair of an Amyand hernia. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  16. Neonatal septum transversum diaphragmatic defects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wesselhoeft, C.W. Jr.; DeLuca, F.G.

    1984-01-01

    Over 10 years, 8 infants required surgery for central diaphragmatic herniation. Contrast peritoneography and technetium-99m-sulfur colloid radionuclide scanning were the most definitive diagnostic aids. Associated anomalies included variations of the pentalogy of Cantrell. A midline gastroduodenal loop was found in two infants. Six infants are alive and well 6 months to 3 years postoperatively. An abdominal approach is preferred if there is an intestinal hernia, associated gastrointestinal anomalies, or if a bilateral defect is present

  17. Neonatal septum transversum diaphragmatic defects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wesselhoeft, C.W. Jr.; DeLuca, F.G.

    1984-04-01

    Over 10 years, 8 infants required surgery for central diaphragmatic herniation. Contrast peritoneography and technetium-99m-sulfur colloid radionuclide scanning were the most definitive diagnostic aids. Associated anomalies included variations of the pentalogy of Cantrell. A midline gastroduodenal loop was found in two infants. Six infants are alive and well 6 months to 3 years postoperatively. An abdominal approach is preferred if there is an intestinal hernia, associated gastrointestinal anomalies, or if a bilateral defect is present.

  18. Fatores prognósticos e sobrevida em recém-nascidos com hérnia diafragmática congênita Prognostic factors and survival in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis R. Longo dos Santos

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo:analisar a importância de fatores prognósticos para sobrevida, no período neonatal, de pacientes com hérnia diafragmática congênita (HDC tratados no Hospital das Clínicas da FMUSP e comparar os resultados com os da literatura. Com isso, permitir a atualização do aconselhamento familiar e orientar mudanças de conduta em nosso serviço. Método: estudo retrospectivo de 27 casos consecutivos de recém-nascidos com HDC, admitidos no serviço de cirurgia pediátrica do Instituto da Criança do HCFMUSP entre abril de 1991 e janeiro de 2002, e comparação estatística com dados de meta-análise da literatura. Resultados: dos 27 pacientes, 12 nasceram na instituição, e 15 foram transferidos após o nascimento. Doze (44% tiveram diagnóstico pré-natal, e 85% (23/27 eram nascidos de termo. A maioria apresentou desconforto respiratório precoce e necessitou intubação em sala de parto. Seis crianças (22% reuniam critérios para indicação de ECMO. Vinte pacientes (74% foram submetidos à correção cirúrgica, e sete (26% evoluíram a óbito sem conseguir estabilização clínica mínima para a cirurgia (cinco destes apresentavam critérios para indicação de ECMO. A mortalidade pós-operatória foi de 25% (5/20. A sobrevida global no período neonatal foi de 56% (15/27. A sobrevida dos nascidos em nosso hospital foi de 33% (4/12, e dos casos externos foi de 73% (11/15. Desconforto respiratório grave, indicação precoce de ventilação mecânica e hipoxemia grave (pO2 pós-ductal Objective: to evaluate the prognostic factors importance to survival in neonatal period of newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia treated at Hospital das Clínicas, School of Medicine of Universidade de São Paulo, and to compare the outcome with data published in medical literature. So that the results of this study might allow updating family counseling and guiding changes in clinical management of our department. Methods: retrospective study

  19. Abdominal muscle function and incisional hernia: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, K K; Kjaer, M; Jorgensen, L N

    2014-08-01

    Although ventral incisional hernia (VIH) repair in patients is often evaluated in terms of hernia recurrence rate and health-related quality of life, there is no clear consensus regarding optimal operative treatment based on these parameters. It was proposed that health-related quality of life depends largely on abdominal muscle function (AMF), and the present review thus evaluates to what extent AMF is influenced by VIH and surgical repair. The PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched for articles following a systematic strategy for inclusion. A total of seven studies described AMF in relation to VIH. Five studies examined AMF using objective isokinetic dynamometers to determine muscle strength, and two studies examined AMF by clinical examination-based muscle tests. Both equipment-related and functional muscle tests exist for use in patients with VIH, but very few studies have evaluated AMF in VIH. There are no randomized controlled studies to describe the impact of VIH repair on AMF, and no optimal surgical treatment in relation to AMF after VIH repair can be advocated for at this time.

  20. Abordagem ventilatória protetora no tratamento da hérnia diafragmática congênita Gentle ventilatory approach for the treatment of congenital diaphragmatic hernia

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    Felipe de Souza Rossi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a evolução de recém-nascidos com diagnóstico de hérnia diafragmática congênita admitidos na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal de um hospital privado de nível terciário, no qual aplicou-se uma estratégia ventilatória protetora. MÉTODOS: Coorte histórica com análise de prontuários de pacientes portadores de hérnia diafragmática congênita, admitidos de junho de 2001 a julho de 2006. Avaliaram-se dados referentes ao recém-nascido (índices prognósticos antenatais, peso ao nascimento, idade gestacional, sexo, dados da reanimação e estabililização pré-operatória, cuidados pós-operatórios e taxa de sobrevida. RESULTADOS: Oito neonatos tiveram diagnóstico de hérnia diafragmática congênita. O peso variou entre 2,38 e 3,45kg e a idade gestacional, entre 36 e 39 semanas; cinco deles eram do sexo masculino. Todos foram intubados em sala de parto até o final do primeiro minuto de vida. A correção cirúrgica ocorreu entre o segundo e o sexto dias de vida e, em quatro pacientes, houve necessidade do uso de patch. Uma estratégia ventilatória protetora foi utilizada em seis neonatos, com dados gasométricos visando PaO2 pré-ductal normal e tolerando-se hipercapnia (PaCO2 50 a 60mmHg. A extubação ocorreu entre o primeiro e o 12ºdias do pós-operatório, com exceção de um paciente. Seis recém-nascidos receberam alta, em média, com 30 dias de vida (19 a 55 dias. A sobrevida foi de 75%. CONCLUSÕES: A sistematização do cuidado de pacientes com hérnia diafragmática congênita pode garantir, em nosso meio, uma sobrevida comparável aos principais centros mundiais que lidam com a doença.OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical evolution of newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia admitted to neoretal Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary private hospital and treated with a gentle ventilatory approach. METHODS: Analysis of charts of patients born between June 2001 and July 2006. The following data

  1. Robotic-Assisted Simultaneous Repair of Paraesophageal Hernia and Morgagni Hernia: Technical Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Shawn S; Carton, Melissa M; Ghaderi, Iman; Galvani, Carlos A

    2017-12-13

    Morgagni hernias are a rare form of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, accounting for 2%-3% of cases. The presence of a simultaneous Morgagni hernia and paraesophageal hernia (PEH) is even more rare, with only a few reported cases in the surgical literature. Both open and laparoscopic surgical approaches have been previously described. Herein we discuss a robotic-assisted surgical approach to the repair of simultaneous Morgagni hernia and PEH in a 65-year-old woman. Simultaneous repair of Morgagni hernia and PEH is indicated mainly when symptoms are generally indistinctive. The use of robotic technology allowed for both hernias to be repaired both primarily and with mesh reinforcement.

  2. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in the Neonatal Period: Review of 21 Years' Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Hsin Chao

    2010-04-01

    Conclusion: Seventy-nine percent of our CDH patients survived to hospital discharge. Resuscitation by a skilled neonatology team to prevent low Apgar scores and low pH, careful evaluation of other anomalies, and overcoming pulmonary hypertension might improve the survival rate. Recognizing unfavorable factors in CDH may help clinicians manage the critical care of these babies.

  3. Laparoscopic diaphragmatic hernioplasty in a dog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Pedro Scussel Feranti Feranti

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A diaphragmatic hernia is characterized by the passage of the abdominal viscera into the thoracic cavity, which may be congenital or acquired. Its treatment is achieved by surgical correction. When there is no tissue or in cases of herniation with a chronic disease, the use biological or synthetic implants is recommended. The objective of this study was to report a technique of laparoscopic diaphragmatic hernia repair using bovine pericardium preserved in a canine, using three portal accesses. Due to the large diaphragmatic defect, reduction with the aid of a network of preserved bovine pericardium in formaldehyde 4% was chosen. The mesh was sutured to the transversus abdominus muscle in two layers. The first layer was sutured using simple continuous pattern, and the second one using simple interrupted sutures. The patient collapsed and died 24hours postoperatively. However, the purposed technique was feasible.

  4. Imaging of diaphragmatic rupture after trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eren, S.; Kantarci, M.; Okur, A.

    2006-01-01

    Traumatic rupture of the diaphragm usually results from blunt or penetrating injuries, or iatrogenic causes. Most cases are initially overlooked in the acute phase because they present with variable clinical and radiological signs. An overlooked diaphragmatic injury presents as a hernia many years later with potentially serious complications, therefore selection of the most appropriate radiological technique and accurate diagnosis of traumatic diaphragmatic hernias (DH) on the first admission is important. Although the diagnosis of diaphragmatic injuries is problematic, various investigations may be used for diagnosis. We describe the imaging findings of 19 traumatic DH cases with various imaging techniques. The patients were acute trauma cases or cases with prior trauma or thoraco-abdominal surgery with clinical suspicion of DH. An evaluation of the imaging techniques used in the diagnosis of DH is presented

  5. Imaging of diaphragmatic rupture after trauma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eren, S. [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatuerk University, Erzurum (Turkey)]. E-mail: suateren@atauni.edu.tr; Kantarci, M. [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatuerk University, Erzurum (Turkey); Okur, A. [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatuerk University, Erzurum (Turkey)

    2006-06-15

    Traumatic rupture of the diaphragm usually results from blunt or penetrating injuries, or iatrogenic causes. Most cases are initially overlooked in the acute phase because they present with variable clinical and radiological signs. An overlooked diaphragmatic injury presents as a hernia many years later with potentially serious complications, therefore selection of the most appropriate radiological technique and accurate diagnosis of traumatic diaphragmatic hernias (DH) on the first admission is important. Although the diagnosis of diaphragmatic injuries is problematic, various investigations may be used for diagnosis. We describe the imaging findings of 19 traumatic DH cases with various imaging techniques. The patients were acute trauma cases or cases with prior trauma or thoraco-abdominal surgery with clinical suspicion of DH. An evaluation of the imaging techniques used in the diagnosis of DH is presented.

  6. Congenital diaphragmatic eventration as a cause of anterior mediastinal mass in the children: imaging modalities and literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eren, Suat; Ceviz, Naci; Alper, Fatih

    2004-01-01

    Congenital eventration of the diaphragm, as a cause of mediastinal mass, is an unusual condition and it may be unilateral or bilateral. Although this entity is frequently asymptomatic and firstly detected on the chest radiography, it may be difficult to distinguish a partial eventration from the other diaphragmatic lesions or mediastinal pathologies on the chest radiographs. US may present valuable information about diaphragm integrity with eventration content or the other diaphragmatic pathologies. Although the other imaging modalities such as fluoroscopy, computed tomography, and MR imaging may be performed as adjunct techniques in cases of the diagnosis still in doubt, they are frequently unnecessary after US. Our goal is to present imaging features and management of this entity together with a literature review

  7. Region of interest-based versus whole-lung segmentation-based approach for MR lung perfusion quantification in 2-year-old children after congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weis, M.; Sommer, V.; Hagelstein, C.; Schoenberg, S.O.; Neff, K.W. [Heidelberg University, Institute of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Mannheim (Germany); Zoellner, F.G. [Heidelberg University, Computer Assisted Clinical Medicine, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Mannheim (Germany); Zahn, K. [University of Heidelberg, Department of Paediatric Surgery, University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Mannheim (Germany); Schaible, T. [Heidelberg University, Department of Paediatrics, University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Mannheim (Germany)

    2016-12-15

    With a region of interest (ROI)-based approach 2-year-old children after congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) show reduced MR lung perfusion values on the ipsilateral side compared to the contralateral. This study evaluates whether results can be reproduced by segmentation of whole-lung and whether there are differences between the ROI-based and whole-lung measurements. Using dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI, pulmonary blood flow (PBF), pulmonary blood volume (PBV) and mean transit time (MTT) were quantified in 30 children after CDH repair. Quantification results of an ROI-based (six cylindrical ROIs generated of five adjacent slices per lung-side) and a whole-lung segmentation approach were compared. In both approaches PBF and PBV were significantly reduced on the ipsilateral side (p always <0.0001). In ipsilateral lungs, PBF of the ROI-based and the whole-lung segmentation-based approach was equal (p=0.50). In contralateral lungs, the ROI-based approach significantly overestimated PBF in comparison to the whole-lung segmentation approach by approximately 9.5 % (p=0.0013). MR lung perfusion in 2-year-old children after CDH is significantly reduced ipsilaterally. In the contralateral lung, the ROI-based approach significantly overestimates perfusion, which can be explained by exclusion of the most ventral parts of the lung. Therefore whole-lung segmentation should be preferred. (orig.)

  8. The case for early use of rapid whole genome sequencing in management of critically ill infants: Late diagnosis of Coffin-Siris syndrome in an infant with left congenital diaphragmatic hernia, congenital heart disease and recurrent infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweeney, Nathaly M; Nahas, Shareef A; Chowdhury, Shimul; Del Campo, Miguel; Jones, Marilyn C; Dimmock, David P; Kingsmore, Stephen F; Investigators, Rcigm

    2018-03-16

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) results from incomplete formation of the diaphragm leading to herniation of abdominal organs into the thoracic cavity. CDH is associated with pulmonary hypoplasia, congenital heart disease and pulmonary hypertension. Genetically, it is associated with aneuploidies, chromosomal copy number variants, and single gene mutations. CDH is the most expensive non-cardiac congenital defect: Management frequently requires implementation of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO), which increases management expenditures 2.4 - 3.5-fold. The cost of management of CDH has been estimated to exceed $250 million per year. Despite in hospital survival of 80-90%, current management is imperfect, as a great proportion of surviving children have long-term functional deficits. We report the case of a premature infant prenatally diagnosed with CDH and congenital heart disease, who had a protracted and complicated course in the intensive care unit with multiple surgical interventions, including post-cardiac surgery ECMO, gastrostomy tube placement with Nissen fundoplication, tracheostomy for respiratory failure, recurrent infections and developmental delay. Rapid whole genome sequencing (rWGS) identified a de novo, likely pathogenic, c.3096_3100delCAAAG (p.Lys1033Argfs*32) variant in ARID1B, providing a diagnosis of Coffin-Siris syndrome. Her parents elected palliative care and she died later that day. Had rWGS been performed as a neonate, eight months of suffering and futile healthcare utilization may have been avoided. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

  9. Strangulated Morgagni’s Hernia: A Rare Diagnosis and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malav Modi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni hernia is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. It accounts for only 3% of all diaphragmatic hernias. The defect is small and hernia being asymptomatic in the majority presents late in adulthood. Obstruction or incarceration in Morgagni hernia is uncommon. We report a rare occurrence of strangulated Morgagni hernia. A 40-year-old gentleman presented to our emergency department with features of intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography of the chest and abdomen showed a strangulated right Morgagni hernia. An exploratory laparotomy was performed with resection of the ischemic bowel segment with anastomosis and a primary repair of the diaphragmatic defect. Postoperative recovery was uneventful and asymptomatic at follow-up.

  10. Amyand′s hernia masquerading as a strangulated inguinal hernia: A case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahbaz Habib Faridi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a rare case of a 62-year-old male who presented to surgical emergency department with the complaints of sudden onset pain and swelled in the right inguinal region with nausea, vomiting and abdominal distension. There was a history of a reducible swelling in the right inguino-scrotal region for the last 1 year. Based on history, clinical examination and investigations a provisional diagnosis of right-sided strangulated inguinal hernia was made and patient was planned for an emergency surgery. On the exploration, the hernial sac revealed a gangrenous vermiform appendix and the diagnosis of Amyand′s hernia was made. Appendectomy was performed through the same incision, and hernial repair was done using a polypropylene mesh.

  11. Childhood Morgagni hernia: report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Nain Rattan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia is a rare congenital anomaly to be seen in the pediatric age group. We are reporting two cases of Morgagni hernia, which presented with non-specific symptoms and posed a diagnostic dilemma. One of the patients was 10 years old and associated with asplenia and Down’s syndrome; the second case presented as isolated Morgagni hernia in an 8 month baby. The diagnosis was confirmed with radiography and computed chest tomography. Both cases were managed successfully with surgical repair of the diaphragmatic defect through trans-abdominal approach.

  12. Traumatic abdominal wall hernia: A case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Beteddini, Osama S; Abdulla, Samir; Omari, Osama

    2016-01-01

    Traumatic abdominal wall hernia is a rare but serious diagnosis resulting from blunt abdominal trauma. The clinical diagnosis is not usually straightforward and the hernia is often discovered at the time of the surgical exploration for intra-abdominal injuries or by imaging studies. A 25-year-old obese, restraint, male patient was the victim of a high-speed road traffic accident. Among other injuries, he showed extensive skin maceration and bruising over the lower abdomen and flanks upon presentation, however he did not need any surgical intervention. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated extensive abdominal wall muscular disruption over both flanks with herniation of the right colon. Counselled to follow up in 4-6 weeks to have the hernia surgically repaired, he showed up after 8 months with a large muscular defect resulting in a large hernia containing small and large bowel loops. The timing and type of the surgical repair of traumatic abdominal wall hernia depends upon the size of the hernia defect and the presence of associated intra-abdominal injuries. Delayed repair; however, may result in a large defect making primary, non-prosthetic repair impossible and increases the risk of abdominal compartment syndrome after surgical correction. Traumatic abdominal wall hernia presents a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic challenge. The therapeutic approach is governed by a multitude of factors emphasizing the need of a patient-tailored, case by case management plan. Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  13. Diagnosis and management of Spigelian hernia: A review of literature and our experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mittal T

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Spigelian hernia occurs through slit like defect in the anterior abdominal wall adjacent to the semilunar line. Most of spigelian hernias occur in the lower abdomen where the posterior sheath is deficient. The hernia ring is a well-defined defect in the transverses aponeurosis. The hernial sac, surrounded by extraperitoneal fatty tissue, is often interparietal passing through the transversus and the internal oblique aponeuroses and then spreading out beneath the intact aponeurosis of the external oblique. Spigelian hernia is in itself very rare and more over it is difficult to diagnose clinically. It has been estimated that it constitutes 0.12% of abdominal wall hernias. The spigelian hernia has been repaired by both conventional and laparoscopic approach. Laparoscopic management of spigelian hernia is well established. Most of the authors have managed it by transperitoneal approach either by placing the mesh in intraperitoneal position or by raising the peritoneal flap and placing the mesh in extraperitoneal space. There have also been case reports of management of spigelian hernia by total extraperitoneal approach. We retrospectively reviewed our experience of ten patients between 1997 and 2007. Eight patients (8/10 presented with abdominal pain and two patients (2/10 were asymptomatic. In six patients (6/10 we performed an intraperitoneal onlay IPOM repair, in two patients (2/10 transabdominal preperitoneal repair (TAPP, and in two (2/10 total extraperitoneal repair (TEP. There were no recurrences, or other morbidity at mean follow up period of 3.2 years (range 6 months to 10 years.

  14. Acquired abdominal intercostal hernia: case report and systematic review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdas, E; Licheri, S; Calò, P G; Pomata, M

    2014-10-01

    The protrusion of abdominal viscera through an intercostal space under an intact diaphragm is a very rare condition. The aim of this study is to elucidate the etiology, clinical features, and therapeutic options on what several authors call "abdominal intercostal hernia" (AIH). A typical case of AIH of the 9th left intercostal space in a 48-year-old man is presented. A literature search was conducted on the Medline and Scopus databases. Only acquired AIHs (AAIHs) were considered, while lung, transdiaphragmatic, and congenital intercostal hernias were excluded. Eighteen studies met selection criteria and a total of 20 patients were useful for analysis. Etiology was related mainly to traumatism (65 %) or to previous surgery (20 %). The intercostal defects were mostly located under the 9th rib without significant differences as to side. The main symptom was chest swelling (85 %), often associated with discomfort or pain (76 %). Acute complications such as incarceration and strangulation occurred in three patients. CT was the most employed diagnostic tool (80 %). Early diagnosis was made in 25 % of cases. Seventeen patients underwent hernia repair with either open (73 %) or laparoscopic approach (28 %), and various techniques with and without prosthesis were described. Recurrence occurred in 28.6 % of patients, during a mean follow-up of 8.6 months. AAIH should be always suspected when chest swelling occurs after a minor or major trauma, and CT must be promptly performed to rule out diaphragmatic or abdominal viscera injury. This condition requires surgery to prevent serious complications, the first-choice technique should be mesh tension-free repair.

  15. Congenital diaphramatic hernia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kline-Fath, Beth M.

    2012-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, despite advances in therapy, remains a complex condition with significant morbidity and mortality. The etiology of the disorder is still incompletely understood, though the pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension that develop secondarily must be overcome to improve survival. Prenatal US and fetal MRI have helped in the development of a greater understanding of this disease. Also with these modalities, measurement techniques have been developed in an attempt to provide prognosticators for the development of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. There is a broad range of approaches for performing these measurements, and variability among imaging centers is noted. Despite inconsistent approaches, these techniques have become the foundation for counseling and prenatal and postnatal therapy. It is hoped that with further research with prenatal US and fetal MRI and the development of innovative medical and surgical therapies that the morbidity and mortality of children with congenital diaphragmatic hernias can be significantly reduced. (orig.)

  16. Congenital diaphramatic hernia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kline-Fath, Beth M. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Fetal Care Center of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, MLC 5031, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    2012-01-15

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, despite advances in therapy, remains a complex condition with significant morbidity and mortality. The etiology of the disorder is still incompletely understood, though the pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension that develop secondarily must be overcome to improve survival. Prenatal US and fetal MRI have helped in the development of a greater understanding of this disease. Also with these modalities, measurement techniques have been developed in an attempt to provide prognosticators for the development of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. There is a broad range of approaches for performing these measurements, and variability among imaging centers is noted. Despite inconsistent approaches, these techniques have become the foundation for counseling and prenatal and postnatal therapy. It is hoped that with further research with prenatal US and fetal MRI and the development of innovative medical and surgical therapies that the morbidity and mortality of children with congenital diaphragmatic hernias can be significantly reduced. (orig.)

  17. Traumatic abdominal wall hernia - four cases and a review of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To review blunt traumatic abdominal wall hernias (TAWHs) in our institution. Method: Retrospective review of blunt abdominal trauma cases over a 6-month period. Results: Four patients with TAWH were identified. The mean age was 36 years. Three had been involved in vehicular collisions, and 1 had been ...

  18. MR diagnosis of diaphragmatic endometriosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rousset, Pascal; Gregory, Jules; Coste, Joel; Rousset-Jablonski, Christine; Hugon-Rodin, Justine; Regnard, Jean-Francois; Chapron, Charles; Golfier, Francois; Revel, Marie-Pierre

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diaphragmatic endometriosis diagnosis. Over a 2-year period, all diaphragmatic MRI performed in the context of diaphragmatic endometriosis were reviewed. Axial and coronal fat-suppressed T1- and T2-weighted sequences were analyzed by two independent readers for the presence of nodules, plaque lesions, micronodule clustering, or focal liver herniation. MR abnormalities were correlated to surgical findings in women surgically treated. Interobserver agreement was assessed by κ statistics. Twenty-three women with diaphragmatic endometriosis criteria comprised the population; 14 had surgical confirmation and nine had symptoms relief with hormonal treatment. MRI sensitivity was 83 % (19/23; 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 68, 98) for reader 1 and 78 % (18/23; 95 % CI: 61, 95) for reader 2. Kappa value was 0.86 (95 % CI: 0.47, 1.00). Readers 1 and 2 detected 35 and 36 lesions, respectively, all right-sided and agreed for 32 lesions on the type, location, and signal. Lesions were mostly nodules (23/32, 72 %), predominantly posterior (28/32, 87.5 %) and hyperintense on T1 (20/32, 63 %). MRI was negative for both readers in 2 surgically treated patients with small nodules or isolated diaphragmatic holes. MRI allows diaphragmatic endometriosis diagnosis with 78 to 83 % sensitivity and excellent interobserver agreement. (orig.)

  19. MR diagnosis of diaphragmatic endometriosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rousset, Pascal [Lyon 1 Claude Bernard University, Villeurbanne (France); Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Radiology Department, Pierre Benite (France); Gregory, Jules; Coste, Joel [Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris (France); Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Hotel-Dieu, Biostatistics and Epidemiology department, Paris (France); Rousset-Jablonski, Christine [Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Obstetric and Gynecologic Department, Pierre Benite (France); Hugon-Rodin, Justine [Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris (France); Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Hotel-Dieu, Gynecology Endocrinology Department, Paris (France); Regnard, Jean-Francois [Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris (France); Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Hotel-Dieu, Thoracic Surgery Department, Paris (France); Chapron, Charles [Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris (France); Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Hotel-Dieu, Obstetric and Gynecologic Department, Paris (France); Golfier, Francois [Lyon 1 Claude Bernard University, Villeurbanne (France); Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Obstetric and Gynecologic Department, Pierre Benite (France); Revel, Marie-Pierre [Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris (France); Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Hotel-Dieu, Radiology Department, Paris (France)

    2016-11-15

    To evaluate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diaphragmatic endometriosis diagnosis. Over a 2-year period, all diaphragmatic MRI performed in the context of diaphragmatic endometriosis were reviewed. Axial and coronal fat-suppressed T1- and T2-weighted sequences were analyzed by two independent readers for the presence of nodules, plaque lesions, micronodule clustering, or focal liver herniation. MR abnormalities were correlated to surgical findings in women surgically treated. Interobserver agreement was assessed by κ statistics. Twenty-three women with diaphragmatic endometriosis criteria comprised the population; 14 had surgical confirmation and nine had symptoms relief with hormonal treatment. MRI sensitivity was 83 % (19/23; 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 68, 98) for reader 1 and 78 % (18/23; 95 % CI: 61, 95) for reader 2. Kappa value was 0.86 (95 % CI: 0.47, 1.00). Readers 1 and 2 detected 35 and 36 lesions, respectively, all right-sided and agreed for 32 lesions on the type, location, and signal. Lesions were mostly nodules (23/32, 72 %), predominantly posterior (28/32, 87.5 %) and hyperintense on T1 (20/32, 63 %). MRI was negative for both readers in 2 surgically treated patients with small nodules or isolated diaphragmatic holes. MRI allows diaphragmatic endometriosis diagnosis with 78 to 83 % sensitivity and excellent interobserver agreement. (orig.)

  20. Colon Perforations Causing Morgagni Hernia Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Ugur

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Herniation of the intraabdominal organs through a diaphragmatic defect that occurs due to the joining anomaly of the sternal and costal segments of diaphragm is known as Morgagni Hernia. Although most of the patients with Morgagni Hernia are asymptomatic, intestinal obstruction, incarceration and strangulation can rarely occur. An 83 years old female patient admitted with acute abdomen to our clinic. Morgagni hernia was detected with preoperative thoracic and abdominal computed tomography. We aimed to present our management in Morgagni Hernia in this study.

  1. Congenital pleuroperitoneal hernia presenting as gastrothorax in five cavalier King Charles spaniel dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossanese, M; Pivetta, M; Pereira, N; Burrow, R

    2018-04-30

    Five cavalier King Charles spaniels were examined for acute onset of respiratory distress. Thoracic radiographs demonstrated diaphragmatic hernia and tension gastrothorax, visible as a distended stomach occupying the left caudal thoracic cavity. Exploratory midline coeliotomy confirmed congenital pleuroperitoneal diaphragmatic hernia with herniation and dilatation of the stomach. The hernia configuration was consistent in all cases, with a defect affecting the left diaphragmatic crus. Congenital pleuroperitoneal diaphragmatic hernia is a rare condition caused by a defect in the dorsolateral diaphragm. Defects of the left crus of the diaphragm could result in the herniation of the stomach into the thoracic cavity with possible subsequent tension gastrothorax. Cavalier King Charles spaniels may have a predisposition to this condition. Tension gastrothorax is an acute life-threatening consequence of gastric herniation through a diaphragmatic defect that must be promptly recognised and surgically treated. © 2018 British Small Animal Veterinary Association.

  2. Multicenter review of robotic versus laparoscopic ventral hernia repair: is there a role for robotics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Peter A; May, Audriene C; Mo, Jiandi; Cherla, Deepa V; Santillan, Monica Rosales; Kim, Steven; Ryan, Heidi; Shah, Shinil K; Wilson, Erik B; Tsuda, Shawn

    2018-04-01

    The utilization of robotic platforms for general surgery procedures such as hernia repair is growing rapidly in the United States. A limited amount of data are available evaluating operative outcomes in comparison to standard laparoscopic surgery. We completed a retrospective review comparing robotic and laparoscopic ventral hernia repair to provide safety and outcomes data to help design a future prospective trial design. A retrospective review of 215 patients undergoing ventral hernia repair (142 robotic and 73 laparoscopic) was completed at two large academic centers. Primary outcome measure evaluated was recurrence. Secondary outcomes included incidence of primary fascial closure, and surgical site occurrences. Propensity for treatment match comparison demonstrated that robotic repair was associated with a decreased incidence of recurrence (2.1 versus 4.2%, p robotic repair was associated with increased incidence of primary fascial closure (77.1 versus 66.7%, p robotic repairs were completed on patients with lower body mass index (28.1 ± 3.6 versus 34.2 ± 6.4, p robotic repair was associated with decreased recurrence and surgical site occurrence. However, the differences noted in the patient populations limit the interpretability of these results. As adoption of robotic ventral hernia repair increases, prospective trials need to be designed in order to investigate the efficacy, safety, and cost effectiveness of this evolving technique.

  3. Diaphragmatic rupture with right colon and small intestine herniation after blunt trauma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muroni Mirko

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Traumatic diaphragmatic hernias are an unusual presentation of trauma, and are observed in about 10% of diaphragmatic injuries. The diagnosis is often missed because of non-specific clinical signs, and the absence of additional intra-abdominal and thoracic injuries. Case presentation We report a case of a 59-year-old Italian man hospitalized for abdominal pain and vomiting. His medical history included a blunt trauma seven years previously. A chest X-ray showed right diaphragm elevation, and computed tomography revealed that the greater omentum, a portion of the colon and the small intestine had been transposed in the hemithorax through a diaphragm rupture. The patient underwent laparotomy, at which time the colon and small intestine were reduced back into the abdomen and the diaphragm was repaired. Conclusions This was a unusual case of traumatic right-sided diaphragmatic hernia. Diaphragmatic ruptures may be revealed many years after the initial trauma. The suspicion of diaphragmatic rupture in a patient with multiple traumas contributes to early diagnosis. Surgical repair remains the only curative treatment for diaphragmatic hernias. Prosthetic patches may be a good solution when the diaphragmatic defect is severe and too large for primary closure, whereas primary repair remains the gold standard for the closure of small to moderate sized diaphragmatic defects.

  4. Morgagni Hernia with Partial A-V Canal Defect; A Rare Condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kunal

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni hernia is a rare diaphragmatic hernia usually due to congenital defects in the diaphragm. It is rarely associated with cardiac anomalies, most commonly atrial (ostium secundum or ventricular septal defects. We report a rare case of Morgagni hernia occurring in association with partial atrio-ventricular septal defect (ostium primum, and its successful surgical correction.

  5. Roentgen diagnosis in diaphragmatic trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reinbold, W.D.; Dinkel, E.; Kroepelin, T.; Kirchner, R.

    1987-01-01

    The diagnostic value of roentgenology in 85 patients who had to undergo surgery because of diaphragmatic rupture at the university of Freiburg from 1973 to 1985 is reviewed. The ratio of left- to right-sided diaphragmatic rupture is 62 to 23. Preoperatively the following diagnostic procedures are used: Chest film examination in 82, plain film of the abdomen 64, contrast radiographs of the gastrointestinal tract in 21, ultrasonography in 37, computed tomography in 8 and angiography in 9 patients. Sensitivity and specifity of these diagnostic methods depend on an intrathoracic prolaps of abdominal structures and on the existence of concomitant injuries. The combination of all these procedures improves the diagnostic accuracy. In 11 patients a diaphragmatic rupture is only detected by surgery. (orig.) [de

  6. Risk factors for perioperative complications in inguinal hernia repair – a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weyhe Dirk

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The current literature suggests that perioperative complications occur in 8%–10% of all inguinal hernia repairs. However, the clinical relevance of these complications is currently unknown. In our review, based on 571,445 hernia repairs reported in 39 publications, we identified the following potential risk factors: patient age, ASA score, diabetes, smoking, mode of admission (emergency vs. elective surgery, surgery in low resource settings, type of anesthesia, and (in men bilateral and sliding hernias. The most commonly reported complications are bleeding (0.9%, wound infection (0.5%, and pulmonary and cardiovascular complications (0.2%. In 3.9% of the included publications, a reliable grading of the reported complications according to Clavien-Dindo classification was possible. Using this classification retrospectively, we could show that, in patients with complications, these are clinically relevant for about 22% of these patients (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥IIIa. About 78% of all patients suffered from complications needing only minor (meaning mostly medical intervention (Clavien-Dindo grade hernia repair, future studies should use the Clavien-Dindo classification to achieve better comparability between studies, thus enabling better correlation with potential risk factors.

  7. Soft right chest wall swelling simulating lipoma following motor vehicle accident: transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernia. A case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswas, S; Keddington, J

    2008-10-01

    Intercostal herniation of abdominal contents through a diaphragmatic defect is rare. We report a case of transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernia secondary to blunt trauma, initially misdiagnosed as lipoma, later confirmed by CT scan. We present a case of a 77-year-old who was involved in a motor vehicle accident and sustained a hand fracture. Later that year his wife noticed an egg-shaped soft swelling on his right chest wall. He was seen in the minor operative clinic, and a lipoma excision was attempted when it was found to be an intercostal hernia. Colon was seen in the hernial pouch. Anatomically, the chest wall is weak from the costochondral junction to the sternum because of lack of external intercostal muscle support, and from the costal angle posteriorly to the vertebrae because of lack of internal intercostal musculature. The integrity of the thoracic cage is disrupted by tears of the intercostal musculature between fractured ribs. This defect leads to separation of the ribs and development of a potential weakened space for hernia. This chest wall muscular weakness can occur anywhere and can be more pronounced if it occurs at anatomically weakened areas. In the presence of associated diaphragmatic rupture, there is herniation of abdominal viscera. The treatment includes immediate surgical repair either by abdominal or thoracoabdominal approach. A thorough physical examination may suggest the diagnosis, but confirmation by chest radiograph, CT scan, and sometimes by gastrointestinal contrast studies is often helpful for preoperative planning. A high index of suspicion for diaphragmatic injury or intercostal herniation during the initial evaluation, coupled with chest and abdominal diagnostic testing once the patient is stable, can avert undue delay in diagnosis and catastrophe from incarceration of a hernia.

  8. Mesh Location in Open Ventral Hernia Repair: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holihan, Julie L; Nguyen, Duyen H; Nguyen, Mylan T; Mo, Jiandi; Kao, Lillian S; Liang, Mike K

    2016-01-01

    There is no consensus on the ideal location for mesh placement in open ventral hernia repair (OVHR). We aim to identify the mesh location associated with the lowest rate of recurrence following OVHR using a systematic review and meta-analysis. A search was performed for studies comparing at least two of four locations for mesh placement during OVHR (onlay, inlay, sublay, and underlay). Outcomes assessed were hernia recurrence and surgical site infection (SSI). Pairwise meta-analysis was performed to compare all direct treatment of mesh locations. A multiple treatment meta-analysis was performed to compare all mesh locations in the Bayesian framework. Sensitivity analyses were planned for the following: studies with a low risk of bias, incisional hernias, by hernia size, and by mesh type (synthetic or biologic). Twenty-one studies were identified (n = 5,891). Sublay placement of mesh was associated with the lowest risk for recurrence [OR 0.218 (95% CI 0.06-0.47)] and was the best of the four treatment modalities assessed [Prob (best) = 94.2%]. Sublay was also associated with the lowest risk for SSI [OR 0.449 (95% CI 0.12-1.16)] and was the best of the 4 treatment modalities assessed [Prob (best) = 77.3%]. When only assessing studies at low risk of bias, of incisional hernias, and using synthetic mesh, the probability that sublay had the lowest rate of recurrence and SSI was high. Sublay mesh location has lower complication rates than other mesh locations. While additional randomized controlled trials are needed to validate these findings, this network meta-analysis suggests the probability of sublay being the best location for mesh placement is high.

  9. A systematic review of laparoscopic port site hernias in gastrointestinal surgery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Owens, M

    2012-02-01

    INTRODUCTION: Port site hernia is an important yet under-recognised complication of laparoscopic surgery, which carries a high risk of strangulation due to the small size of the defect involved. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence, classification, and pathogenesis of this complication, and to evaluate strategies to prevent and treat it. METHODS: Medline was searched using the words "port site hernia", "laparoscopic port hernia" "laparoscopic complications" and "trocar site hernias". The search was limited to articles on cholecystectomy, colorectal, bariatric or anti-reflux surgery published in English. A total of 42 articles were analysed and of these 35 were deemed eligible for review. Inclusion criteria were laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery in English only with reported incidence of port site herniation. Studies were excluded if insufficient data was provided. Eligible studies were also cross-referenced. RESULTS: Analysis of 11,699 patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrointestinal procedures demonstrated an incidence of port site hernias of 0.74% with a mean follow-up of 23.9 months. The lowest incidence of port site herniation was for bariatric surgery with 0.57% in 2644 patients with a mean follow-up of 67.4 months while the highest incidence was for laparoscopic colorectal surgery with an incidence of 1.47% in 477 patients with a mean follow-up of 71.5 months. CONCLUSION: All fascial defects larger than or equal to 10mm should be closed with peritoneum, while smaller defects may require closure in certain circumstances to prevent herniation. Laparoscopic port site herniation is a completely preventable cause of morbidity that requires a second surgical procedure to repair.

  10. Congenital Morgagni's hernia: a national multicenter study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Salem, Ahmed H; Zamakhshary, Mohammed; Al Mohaidly, Mohammed; Al-Qahtani, Aayed; Abdulla, Mohamed Ramadan; Naga, Mohamed Ibrahim

    2014-04-01

    Congenital Morgagni's hernia (CMH) is rare and represents less than 5% of all congenital diaphragmatic hernias. This is a national review of our experience with CMH outlining clinical presentation, methods of diagnosis, associated anomalies, treatment, and outcome. The medical records of all patients with the diagnosis of CMH treated at four pediatric surgery units in Saudi Arabia were retrospectively reviewed for age at diagnosis, sex, presenting symptoms, associated anomalies, diagnosis, operative findings, treatment, and outcome. During a 20-year period (January 1990-December 2010), 53 infants and children with CMH were treated. There were 38 males and 15 females. Their age at diagnosis ranged from 1 month to 9 years (mean 22.2 months). Forty-three (81%) presented with recurrent chest infection. Twenty-two (44.5%) had right CMH, 15 (28.3%) had left-sided hernia and 16 (30.2%) had bilateral hernia. In 7, the diagnosis of bilaterality was made at the time of surgery. Associated anomalies were seen in 38 (71.7%). Twenty-one (39.6%) had congenital heart disease, 8 (15%) had malrotation, and 15 (28.3%) had Down syndrome. All were operated on. Twenty-nine (54.7%) underwent repair via an open approach. The remaining 24 (45.3%) underwent repair using minimal invasive surgery, laparoscopic-assisted hernia repair (19 patients) or totally laparoscopic approach (5 patients). At the time of surgery, the hernia sac content included the colon in 33 (62.3%), part of the left lobe of the liver in 13 (24.5%), the small intestines in 11 (20.75%), the omentum in 5 (9.4%), and the stomach in 4 (7.5%). In 12 (22.6%), the hernia sac was empty. When compared to the open repair, the laparoscopic-assisted approach was associated with a shorter operative time, an earlier commencement of feeds, less requirement for postoperative analgesia, a shorter hospital stay, and better cosmetic appearance. There was no mortality. On follow-up, 2 (7%) of the open surgical group developed recurrence

  11. Prevention of Incisional Hernias with Biological Mesh: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Muysoms, Filip E.; Jairam, An; López-Cano, Manuel; Śmietański, Maciej; Woeste, Guido; Kyle-Leinhase, Iris; Antoniou, Stavros A.; Köckerling, Ferdinand

    2016-01-01

    Background Prophylactic mesh-augmented reinforcement during closure of abdominal wall incisions has been proposed in patients with increased risk for development of incisional hernias (IHs). As part of the BioMesh consensus project, a systematic literature review has been performed to detect those studies where MAR was performed with a non-permanent absorbable mesh (biological or biosynthetic). Methods A computerized search was performed within 12 databases (Embase, Medline, Web-of...

  12. Prevention of Incisional Hernias with Biological MeshA Systematic Review of the Literature

    OpenAIRE

    FILIP ETIENNE MUYSOMS; An Jairam; Manuel López-Cano; Maciej Śmietański; Maciej Śmietański; Guido Woeste; Iris Kyle-Leinhase; Stavros Athanasios Antoniou; Stavros Athanasios Antoniou; Ferdinand Köckerling

    2016-01-01

    Background: Prophylactic mesh augmented reinforcement during closure of abdominal wall incisions has been proposed in patients with increased risk for development of incisional hernias (IH). As part of the BioMesh consensus project, a systematic literature review has been performed to detect those studies where MAR was performed with a non-permanent absorbable mesh (biological or biosynthetic). Methods: A computerized search was performed within 12 databases (Embase, Medline, Web-of-Science,...

  13. A Case of Morgagni Hernia Resulting with Respiratory Arrest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cavit Çöl

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni’s hernia is seen at a rate of 3-4% among all diaphragmatic hernias. It develops from a defect in the pleuroperitoneal membrane. Herniation of the omentum is seen most commonly, that of the colon frequently, and herniation of small bowel and stomach is seen rarely. When being examined due to anemia and dyspnea, a 53-year-old male patient suffered from a respiratory arrest and was hence intubated and placed under treatment at the intensive care unit. On radiological examination, a giant diaphragmatic hernia was observed bilaterally, more marked on the right side. On laparotomy, especially on the right side, the caecum, the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the appendix, the omentum and part of the small bowel was seen to be herniated. Primary diaphragmatic repair + right hemicolectomy + end-to-end ileo-transversostomy was performed. We have reported this case because it was a giant hernia which caused respiratory arrest.

  14. Epigastric Hernia in Pregnancy: A Management Plan Based on a Systematic Review of Literature and a Case History

    OpenAIRE

    Debrah, Samuel A.; Okpala, Amalachukwu M.

    2012-01-01

    Symptomatic epigastric hernia is rare in pregnant women. A case history, management of which prompted a systematic review of the literature and proposed plan for treatment of such cases, is hereby presented. There is paucity of information on management of this condition in the standard literature as searches in Pubmed, Science Direct, Hinari, Medline, African Journal Online, Bioone as well as Cochrane library revealed. There are two schools of thought for the management of hernias in pregnan...

  15. Properties of meshes used in hernia repair: a comprehensive review of synthetic and biologic meshes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Ahmed M S; Vargas, Christina R; Colakoglu, Salih; Nguyen, John T; Lin, Samuel J; Lee, Bernard T

    2015-02-01

    Data on the mechanical properties of the adult human abdominal wall have been difficult to obtain rendering manufacture of the ideal mesh for ventral hernia repair a challenge. An ideal mesh would need to exhibit greater biomechanical strength and elasticity than that of the abdominal wall. The aim of this study is to quantitatively compare the biomechanical properties of the most commonly used synthetic and biologic meshes in ventral hernia repair and presents a comprehensive literature review. A narrative review of the literature was performed using the PubMed database spanning articles from 1982 to 2012 including a review of company Web sites to identify all available information relating to the biomechanical properties of various synthetic and biologic meshes used in ventral hernia repair. There exist differences in the mechanical properties and the chemical nature of different meshes. In general, most synthetic materials have greater stiffness and elasticity than what is required for abdominal wall reconstruction; however, each exhibits unique properties that may be beneficial for clinical use. On the contrary, biologic meshes are more elastic but less stiff and with a lower tensile strength than their synthetic counterparts. The current standard of practice for the treatment of ventral hernias is the use of permanent synthetic mesh material. Recently, biologic meshes have become more frequently used. Most meshes exhibit biomechanical properties over the known abdominal wall thresholds. Augmenting strength requires increasing amounts of material contributing to more stiffness and foreign body reaction, which is not necessarily an advantage. Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

  16. Paraduodenal hernia. A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irion, K.L.

    1989-01-01

    The authors present a case of right paraduodenal hernia and a brief review of the embriology and anatomy of the paraduodenal fossae as well as of the clinical signs, symptoms and radiologic aspects of paraduodenal hernias. (author) [pt

  17. Biologic mesh versus synthetic mesh in open inguinal hernia repair: system review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Zhixue; Ren, Feng; Zhou, Jianping; Tian, Jiao

    2015-12-01

    Biologic meshes are mostly used for abdominal wall reinforcement in infected fields, but no consensus has been reached on its use for inguinal hernia repairing. The purpose of this study was to compare biologic mesh with synthetic mesh in open inguinal herniorrhaphy. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis was undertaken to identify studies comparing the outcomes of biologic mesh and synthetic mesh in open inguinal hernia repair. Published studies were identified by the databases PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. A total of 382 patients in five randomized controlled trials were reviewed (179 patients in biologic mesh group; 203 patients in synthetic mesh group). The two groups did not significantly differ in chronic groin pain (P = 0.06) or recurrence (P = 0.38). The incidence of seroma trended higher in biologic mesh group (P = 0.03). Operating time was significantly longer with biologic mesh (P = 0.03). There was no significant difference in hematomas (P = 0.23) between the two groups. From the data of this study, biologic mesh had no superiority to synthetic mesh in open inguinal hernia repair with similar recurrence rates and incidence of chronic groin pain, but higher rate of seroma and longer operating time. However, this mesh still needs to be assessed in a large, multicentre, well-designed randomized controlled trial. © 2015 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  18. Imaging findings in fetal diaphragmatic abnormalities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alamo, Leonor; Gudinchet, Francois [University Hospital Center of Lausanne, Unit of Radiopediatrics, Department of Radiology, Lausanne (Switzerland); Meuli, Reto [University Hospital Center of Lausanne, Department of Radiology, Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2015-12-15

    Imaging plays a key role in the detection of a diaphragmatic pathology in utero. US is the screening method, but MRI is increasingly performed. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is by far the most often diagnosed diaphragmatic pathology, but unilateral or bilateral eventration or paralysis can also be identified. Extralobar pulmonary sequestration can be located in the diaphragm and, exceptionally, diaphragmatic tumors or secondary infiltration of the diaphragm from tumors originating from an adjacent organ have been observed in utero. Congenital abnormalities of the diaphragm impair normal lung development. Prenatal imaging provides a detailed anatomical evaluation of the fetus and allows volumetric lung measurements. The comparison of these data with those from normal fetuses at the same gestational age provides information about the severity of pulmonary hypoplasia and improves predictions about the fetus's outcome. This information can help doctors and families to make decisions about management during pregnancy and after birth. We describe a wide spectrum of congenital pathologies of the diaphragm and analyze their embryological basis. Moreover, we describe their prenatal imaging findings with emphasis on MR studies, discuss their differential diagnosis and evaluate the limits of imaging methods in predicting postnatal outcome. (orig.)

  19. Single-Institution Experience With Component Separation for Ventral Hernia Repair: A Retrospective Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Brian; Kambeyanda, Rohan; Fewell, Donna; Bryant, Stewart; Delaney, Kevin O; Herrera, Fernando A

    2018-02-23

    In this study, we reviewed our institution's experience using component separation for repair of ventral hernias. This was a retrospective review of all component separations for ventral hernia between July 2009 and December 2015. Recorded data included body mass index (BMI), preoperative albumin, smoking history, comorbidities, additional procedures, length of surgery, hospitalization, recurrence, and postoperative complications. One hundred ninety-six component separations were performed in the study period. The average patient age was 56 years, and 65.3% of patients were female. The average BMI was 32.6 kg/m; preoperative albumin was 3.59; 18.4% were current smokers; 28.1% were diabetic; and 14.3% had heart disease. Postoperative complications developed in 16.8% of patients. Recurrence developed in 8.7% of patients. Patients who developed a postoperative complication had a higher BMI (P = 0.025) and lower albumin (P = 0.047) compared with patients who did not develop complications. Current smokers were more likely to develop complications (P = 0.008). More than one third of patients had additional procedures at the time of the ventral hernia repair. The addition of a plastic surgery procedure was not associated with an increased risk of developing a complication (P = 0.25). Patients who developed complications had a significantly longer hospital course (P < 0.001) but no difference in total operative time (P = 0.975). Increased number of comorbidities did not statistically correlate with an increased complication rate (P = 0.65) or length of hospital stay (P = 0.43). We identified risk factors that increase the likelihood of postoperative complications and length of hospital stay. In addition, this study suggests that more comorbidities and additional procedures at the time of the hernia repair may not have as large of impact on complication risk as previously thought.

  20. Genetics Home Reference: congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... proteins involved in cell structure or the movement (migration) of cells in the embryo. Environmental factors that ... a personal health condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional . About Selection Criteria for Links Data ...

  1. Laparoscopic repair of congenital pleuroperitoneal hernia using a polypropylene mesh in a dog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.F. Hartmann

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Pleuroperitoneal hernias are the most uncommon type of diaphragmatic hernias in dogs and cats. The treatment of choice is surgery and may involve the use of prosthetic implant through celiotomy. In the current report, laparoscopic repair of a congenital pleuroperitoneal hernia using polypropylene mesh in a dog is described. The surgery was feasible. Appropriate reduction of the hernia was carried out and no complications were noted.

  2. Autosomal recessive MFN2-related Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with diaphragmatic weakness: Case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Christopher A; Rabideau, Marina; Blevins, Amy; Westbrook, Marjorie Jody; Ekstein, Tali; Nykamp, Keith; Deucher, Anne; Harper, Amy; Demmer, Laurie

    2016-06-01

    Pathogenic variants in the mitofusin 2 gene (MFN2) are the most common cause of autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT2) disease, which is typically characterized by axonal sensorimotor neuropathy. We report on a 7-month-old white female with hypotonia, motor delay, distal weakness, and motor/sensory axonal neuropathy in which next-generation sequencing analysis identified compound heterozygous pathogenic variants (c.2054_2069_1170del and c.392A>G) in MFN2. A review of the literature reveals that sporadic and familial cases of compound heterozygous or homozygous pathogenic MFN2 variants have been infrequently described, which indicates that MFN2 can also be inherited in a recessive manner. This case highlights several clinical findings not typically associated with MFN2 pathogenic variants, including young age of onset and rapidly progressing diaphragmatic paresis that necessitated tracheostomy and mechanical ventilation, and adds to the growing list of features identified in autosomal recessive MFN2-related CMT2. Our patient with MFN2-related CMT2 expands the clinical and mutational spectrum of individuals with autosomal recessive CMT2 and identifies a new clinical feature that warrants further observation. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Motorbike-handlebar hernia - a rare traumatic abdominal wall hernia: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tianyi, Frank-Leonel; Agbor, Valirie Ndip; Njim, Tsi

    2017-03-31

    Handlebar hernias are very rare and arise following a sudden force from a handle-like object impacting a focal area of the abdomen, which results in a disruption of the underlying abdominal muscle and fascia without necessarily disrupting the overlying skin. Other than a reducible swelling on the abdominal wall, the physical examination of such patients is usually unremarkable and the diagnosis could easily be missed. An 8-year-old Cameroonian boy with no significant past history presented to our emergency service with a tender left flank swelling following a road traffic accident. He was knocked down by a motorbike with resulting impact of the handlebar on his abdomen. A handlebar hernia was diagnosed on the basis of a reducible abdominal swelling with a positive cough impulse. A herniorrhaphy was done the following day after resuscitation and his postoperative period was uneventful. Handlebar hernias, although rare, should be suspected when patients present with an abdominal swelling following blunt abdominal trauma involving a handlebar-like object. A good history and physical examination are usually enough to pose an early diagnosis of handlebar hernia. Management typically involves surgical intervention to prevent complications. The timing and surgical approach should be decided on a case-by-case basis.

  4. A systematic review of laparoscopic versus open abdominal incisional hernia repair, with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Chalabi, Hasanin; Larkin, John; Mehigan, Brian; McCormick, Paul

    2015-08-01

    Development of an incisional hernia after abdominal surgery is a common complication following laparotomy. Following recent advancements in laparoscopic and open repair a literature review has demonstrated no difference in the short term outcomes between open and laparoscopic repair, concluding there was no favourable method of repair over the other and that both techniques are appropriate methods of surgical repair. However, long term outcomes in the available literature between these two approaches were not clearly analysed or described. The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic versus open abdominal incisional hernia repair, and to evaluate the short and long term outcomes in regards to hernia recurrence using meta-analysis of all randomised controlled trials from 2008 to end of 2013. Patients who developed an abdominal hernia or abdominal incisional hernia following a laparotomy. Two methods of surgical repair, laparoscopic and open abdominal wall hernia repair. Comparison: To compare between laparoscopic and open repair in abdominal wall incisional hernia. length of hospital stay, operation time, wound infection and hernia recurrence rate. This study is a systematic review on all randomized controlled trials of laparoscopic versus open abdominal wall and incisional hernia repair. Medline, Pubmed, Cochrane library, Cinahl and Embase were the databases interrogated. Inclusion & exclusion criteria had been defined. The relevant studies identified from January 2008 to December 2013, are included in the analysis. The primary end point can be described as hernia recurrence, and secondary outcomes can be described as length of hospital stay post operatively, operation time and wound infection. Five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified and included in the final analysis with a total number of 611 patients randomized. Three hundreds and six patients were in the laparoscopic group and 305 patients in the open

  5. Methods of abdominal wall expansion for repair of incisional herniae: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, N N; Narang, S K; Pathak, S; Daniels, I R; Smart, N J

    2016-04-01

    To systematically review the available literature regarding methods for abdominal wall expansion and compare the outcome of primary fascial closure rates. A systematic search of Pubmed and Embase databases was conducted using the search terms "Abdominal wall hernia", "ventral hernia", "midline hernia", "Botulinum toxin", "botox", "dysport", "progressive preoperative pneumoperitoneum", and "tissue expanders". Study quality was assessed using the Methodological Index for Non-Randomised Studies. 21 of the 105 studies identified met the inclusion criteria. Progressive preoperative pneumoperitoneum (PPP) was performed in 269 patients across 15 studies with primary fascial closure being achieved in 226 (84%). 16 patients had a recurrence (7.2%) and the complication rate was 12% with 2 reported mortalities. There were 4 studies with 14 patients in total undergoing abdominal wall expansion using tissue expanders with a fascial closure rate of 92.9% (n = 13). A recurrence rate of 10.0% (n = 1) was reported with 1 complication and no mortalities. Follow up ranged from 3 to 36 months across the studies. There were 2 studies reporting the use of botulinum toxin with 29 patients in total. A primary fascial closure rate of 100% (n = 29) was demonstrated although a combination of techniques including component separation and Rives-Stoppa repair were used. There were no reported complications related to the use of Botulinum Toxin. However, the short-term follow up in many cases and the lack of routine radiological assessment for recurrence suggests that the recurrence rate has been underestimated. PPP, tissue expanders and Botulinum toxin are safe and feasible methods for abdominal wall expansion prior to incisional hernia repair. In combination with existing techniques for repair, these methods may help provide the crucial extra tissue mobility required to achieve primary closure.

  6. Prevention of Incisional Hernias with Biological MeshA Systematic Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FILIP ETIENNE MUYSOMS

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prophylactic mesh augmented reinforcement during closure of abdominal wall incisions has been proposed in patients with increased risk for development of incisional hernias (IH. As part of the BioMesh consensus project, a systematic literature review has been performed to detect those studies where MAR was performed with a non-permanent absorbable mesh (biological or biosynthetic. Methods: A computerized search was performed within 12 databases (Embase, Medline, Web-of-Science, Scopus, Cochrane, CINAHL, Pubmed publisher, Lilacs, Scielo, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, Google scholar with appropriate search terms. Qualitative evaluation was performed using the MINORS score for cohort studies and the Jadad score for RCTs. Results: For midline laparotomy incisions and stoma reversal wounds, 2 RCTs, 2 case control studies and 2 case series were identified. The studies were very heterogeneous in terms of mesh configuration (cross linked versus non cross linked, mesh position (intraperitoneal versus retromuscular versus onlay, surgical indication (gastric bypass versus aortic aneurysm, outcome results (effective versus non effective. After qualitative assessment we have to conclude that the level of evidence on the efficacy and safety of biological meshes for prevention of incisional hernias is very low. No comparative studies were found comparing biological mesh with synthetic non-absorbable meshes for the prevention of incisional hernias. Conclusion: There is no evidence supporting the use of non-permanent absorbable mesh (biological or biosynthetic for prevention of incisional hernias when closing a laparotomy in high-risk patients or in stoma reversal wounds. There is no evidence that a non-permanent absorbable mesh should be preferred to synthetic non-absorbable mesh both in clean or clean-contaminated surgery.

  7. A Twenty-year Review of Early and Late-presenting Congenital Bochdalek Diaphragmatic Hernia: Are They Different Clinical Spectra?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szu-Wen Chang

    2010-02-01

    Conclusion: Early-presenting CDH shows acute symptoms, is readily diagnosed, and requires prompt intervention to prevent death. In contrast, late-presenting CDH shows more subtle symptoms and is more difficult to diagnose. Although the late-presenting CHD has better prognosis, it still requires surgery intervention to alleviate the symptoms. Clinicians must maintain a high index of suspicion for CDH, regardless of its presentation.

  8. Unusual Presentation of Maydl's Hernia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ganesaratnam M. Maydl's hernia: Report of a Series of Seven Cases and Review of Literature. Brit J Surg. 1985;72:737-8. 12. Weledji EP, Mokake M, Ngowe MN. A Rare. Presentation of Maydl's Hernia. Case Rep Surg. 2014. 13. Zachariah K. Incarcerated Sliding Colonic Maydl's. Hernia-Dealing with This Rare Emergency.

  9. Amyand's hernia complicated with acute appendicitis: A case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Hanifi Okur

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Amyand's hernia is the presence of the appendix within an inguinal hernia sac. It is a rare condition, occurring in 1% of inguinal hernia patients. The clinical presentation varies depending on the extent of appendix inflammation. Amyand's hernia is difficult to diagnose clinically. However, imaging studies are valuable for both its diagnosis and detection of the associated complications. Here, we report a case of Amyand's hernia in a 3-year-old male child who presented with a history of right inguinal tenderness, pain, and swelling. An operation revealed a hernia sac containing the inflamed appendix; hence, an appendectomy was performed along with a right inguinal herniotomy.

  10. Trauma to an inguinal hernia resulting in bowel rupture: A case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daquan Liu

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: Trauma directly to a known inguinal hernia is an uncommon, but a dangerous event, and the abnormal alterations of intestine in the hernial sac may be one of the major reasons for such event, so it is mandatory for the physician to explain the complication of the hernia to the patient, for the hernia being repaired as early as possible.

  11. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis in prevention of wound infection after mesh repair of abdominal wall hernia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aufenacker, T. J.; Koelemay, M. J. W.; Gouma, D. J.; Simons, M. P.

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The aim was to determine whether systemic antibiotic prophylaxis prevented wound infection after repair of abdominal wall hernia with mesh. METHODS: This was a systematic review of the available literature identified from multiple databases using the terms 'hernia' and 'antibiotic

  12. Bochdalek hernia: prevalence and CT characteristics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gale, M.E.

    1985-08-01

    The chest and abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans of 940 patients were reviewed to determine the prevalence of Bochdalek hernias and to evaluate the widely held concept that left-sided hernias occur more than nine times as often as right-sided hernias. Sixty Bochdalek hernias were identified in 52 patients, a prevalence of 6%, which is more than 100 times more frequent than previously reported. Left-sided hernias were found approximately twice as often as right-sided hernias. The Bochdalek hernia is a much more common congenital anomaly in the asymptomatic adult than previously thought and frequently can be identified on routine chest and abdominal CT images.

  13. Congenital Treves' field transmesenteric hernia in children: A case series and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryuta Saka

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Transmesenteric hernia is abdominal visceral herniation through a congenital or acquired mesenteric defect. Treves' field is the area of terminal ileal mesentery circumscribed by the ileocolic artery and its last ileal branch. It is very susceptible to congenital defects. To clarify the clinical course of congenital Treves' field transmesenteric hernia (cTFTH, we retrospectively reviewed pediatric cases and conducted a literature review. Five consecutive pediatric cTFTH cases (one male, four females underwent emergency laparotomy at our institutions from April 2009 and December 2014. We analyzed their demographics, preoperative findings, surgical procedures, and outcomes, along with a literature review. Abdominal plain X-ray showed displaced intestinal gas with gas paucity in the center of the abdomen in two cases and diffusely increased intestinal gas in two others. Abdominal computed tomography (CT in four cases showed intestinal loop clusters, mesenteric vessel changes, small-bowel obstruction, and ascites. All cases underwent emergency laparotomy for ileal resection with ileocecal valve preservation. Simultaneous anastomoses were performed in four cases; the remaining case underwent ileostomy because of prematurity. Although one case needed reoperation for postoperative bowel obstruction, all patients survived. Literature review of pediatric cTFTH showed a high frequency of necrosis (70.5% and mortality (26.5%. Among pediatric cTFTH cases, 67.6% were aged <5 years. Mesenteric defect was <5 cm in 70% cases. We should be aware of the clinical importance and radiological features of pediatric cTFTH. Abdominal CT may provide useful information.

  14. Diaphragmatic crural eventration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sivakumar K

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: We evaluated patients with gastric volvulus secondary to diaphragmatic pathology. Materials and Methods: Eight patients (5 males and 3 females presented to the author in a tertiary care center during 1997-2006 were analyzed in terms of age, sex, symptomatology, diagnosis and predisposing factors. Observations: Six had an acute presentation and rest had chronic symptomatology. The two patients who had total gangrene stomach died postoperatively and one patient died preoperatively due to aspiration. All the cases presented with acute symptoms had diaphragmatic pathology, and out of these, three cases had the specific entity, which is named as diaphragmatic crural eventration. Conclusions: Diaphragmatic crural eventration is characterized by the defective development of the right crus of diaphragm, and this is embryologically significant as the right crus and ligaments of the stomach develop from dorsal mesoesophagus and mesogastrium. The author recommends a closer look for this defect of diaphragm while operating a case of gastric volvulus.

  15. Prognostic indicators for perioperative survival after diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy in cats and dogs: 96 cases (2001-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legallet, Claire; Thieman Mankin, Kelley; Selmic, Laura E

    2017-01-07

    To determine associations between perioperative mortality after surgery for traumatic diaphragmatic hernia, medical records of 17 cats and 79 dogs that underwent diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy were reviewed. The combined perioperative survival rate was 81.3% (88.2% in cats and 79.8% in dogs). Data from acute and chronic cases was assessed separately. Of the acute cases (12 cats and 48 dogs), 10 cats (83.3%) and 38 dogs (79.2%) survived to discharge. Of the chronic cases (5 cats and 31 dogs), 5 cats (100%) and 25 dogs (80.6%) survived to discharge. The time between trauma and surgery, trauma and admission, and admission and surgery were not associated with survival. For cats and dogs, increased duration of anesthesia and surgical procedure were associated with increased mortality (P = 0.0013 and 0.004, respectively). Animals with concurrent soft tissue injuries had a 4.3 times greater odds of mortality than those without soft tissue injury (P = 0.01). Animals with concurrent soft tissue and orthopedic injuries had a 7.3 times greater odds of mortality than those without soft tissue and orthopedic injuries (P = 0.004). Animals that were oxygen dependent had a 5.0 times greater odds of mortality than those that were not (P = 0.02). No other variables were significantly associated with survival. For cats and dogs that underwent surgery for traumatic diaphragmatic hernia, increased anesthetic duration, increased duration of surgical procedure, concurrent soft tissue injuries, concurrent soft tissue and orthopedic injuries, and perioperative oxygen dependence were associated with increased mortality.

  16. Incisional Hernia Rates After Laparoscopic or Open Abdominal Surgery-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kössler-Ebs, Julia B; Grummich, Kathrin; Jensen, Katrin; Hüttner, Felix J; Müller-Stich, Beat; Seiler, Christoph M; Knebel, Phillip; Büchler, Markus W; Diener, Markus K

    2016-10-01

    Incisional hernias are one of the most common long-term complications associated with open abdominal surgery. The aim of this review and meta-analysis was to systematically assess laparoscopic versus open abdominal surgery as a general surgical strategy in all available indications in terms of incisional hernia occurrence. A systematic literature search was performed to identify randomized controlled trials comparing incisional hernia rates after laparoscopic versus open abdominal surgery in all indications. Random effects meta-analyses were calculated and presented as risk differences (RD) with their corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CI). 24 trials (3490 patients) were included. Incisional hernias were significantly reduced in the laparoscopic group (RD -0.06, 95 % CI [-0.09, -0.03], p = 0.0002, I (2) = 75). The advantage of the laparoscopic procedure persisted in the subgroup of total-laparoscopic interventions (RD -0.14, 95 % CI [-0.22, -0.06], p = 0.001, I (2) = 87 %), whereas laparoscopically assisted procedures did not show a significant reduction of incisional hernias compared to open surgery (RD -0.01, 95 % CI [-0.03, 0.01], p = 0.31, I (2) = 35 %). Wound infections were significantly reduced in the laparoscopic group (RD -0.06, 95 % CI [-0.09, -0.03], p abdominal surgery showed a significantly longer hospital stay compared to laparoscopy (RD -1.92, 95 % CI [-2.67, -1.17], p hernias are less frequent using the total-laparoscopic approach instead of open abdominal surgery. Whenever possible, the less traumatic access should be chosen.

  17. Full-thickness diaphragmatic resection for stage IV ovarian carcinoma using the EndoGIA stapling device followed by diaphragmatic reconstruction using a Gore-tex graft: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juretzka, Margrit M; Horton, Faith R; Abu-Rustum, Nadeem R; Sonoda, Yukio; Jarnagin, William R; Flores, Raja M; Barakat, Richard; Chi, Dennis S

    2006-03-01

    Previous studies have reported the results of full-thickness diaphragmatic resection for ovarian cancer metastatic to the diaphragm. : We present the first case of an extensive full-thickness diaphragmatic resection performed using the EndoGIA [US Surgical Corp., Norwalk, CT] staple device followed by successful reconstruction using a Gore-tex (W.L. Gore and Associates, Inc., Newark, DE) graft. Full-thickness diaphragmatic resection using the EndoGIA stapling device is a safe and effective method to completely remove extensive tumor during cytoreductive surgery. Use of the stapler expeditiously assists in removal of the specimen with minimal blood loss. In cases where large defects cannot be repaired primarily, a Gore-tex patch should be used.

  18. Surgical management of a De Garengeot’s hernia using a biologic mesh: A case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amandine Klipfel

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: The De Garengeot hernia is an uncommon differential diagnosis for patients presenting with clinical signs of strangled femoral hernia. Although hernia repairs with a synthetic mesh in the presence of appendicitis have been reported, we describe a case of femoral hernia repair using a biologic mesh, in a patient with a De Garengot hernia.

  19. Symptomatic Bochdalek Hernia in Pregnancy: A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selçuk Yetkinel

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Symptomatic Bochdalek hernia in pregnancy is quite rare. To the best of our knowledge, there are a total of 44 cases reported in the literature between 1959 and 2016 (Hernández-Aragon et al., 2015; Koca et al., 2016. Difficulty and delay in diagnosis may lead to life-threatening complications. Case Report. We report a case of Bochdalek hernia during the 30 gestational weeks’ pregnancy in whom pregnancy continued after surgical repair which resulted in term birth. Discussion. Bochdalek hernia is diagnosed with an incidence of 1 in 2200–12500 live births, while symptomatic diaphragm hernia is much less in adults. The actual incidence of diaphragmatic hernias during pregnancy is still unknown. Symptoms may include abdominal distension, recurrent abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, inability to defecate, dyspnea, and chest pain. The patient with diaphragmatic hernia may be asymptomatic until the late weeks of gestation, as in our case, or herniation may occur during advanced gestational weeks with increased intraabdominal pressure. Conclusion. In conclusion, diagnosis of the diaphragm hernia during pregnancy is very rare. Diagnosis is rarer in symptomatic patients due to its rarity and the duration of diagnosis may, therefore, be delayed. Diaphragm hernia should be kept in mind in symptomatic patients due to its high maternal and fetal mortality rates.

  20. The inheritance of groin hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, J; Pommergaard, H C; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    Groin hernia has been proposed to be hereditary; however, a clear hereditary pattern has not been established yet. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies evaluating family history and inheritance patterns and to investigate the possible heredity of groin hernias.......Groin hernia has been proposed to be hereditary; however, a clear hereditary pattern has not been established yet. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies evaluating family history and inheritance patterns and to investigate the possible heredity of groin hernias....

  1. Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture with combined thoracoabdominal injuries: Difference between penetrating and blunt injuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gao Jinmou

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture (TDR needs early diagnosis and operation. However, the early diagnosis is usually difficult, especially in the patients without diaphragmatic hernia. The objective of this study was to explore the early diagnosis and treatment of TDR. Methods: Data of 256 patients with TDR treated in our department between 1994 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively regarding to the diagnostic methods, percentage of preoperative judgment, incidence of diaphragmatic hernia, surgical procedures and outcome, etc. Two groups were set up according to the mechanism of injury (blunt or penetrating. Results: Of 256 patients with a mean age of 32.4 years (9e84, 218 were male. The average ISS was 26.9 (13e66; and shock rate was 62.9%. There were 104 blunt injuries and 152 penetrating injuries. Preoperatively diagnostic rate was 90.4% in blunt injuries and 80.3% in penetrating, respectively, P < 0.05. The incidence of diaphragmatic hernia was 94.2% in blunt and 15.1% in penetrating respectively, P < 0.005. Thoracotomy was performed in 62 cases, laparotomy in 153, thoracotomy plus laparotomy in 29, and combined thoraco-laparotomy in 12. Overall mortality rate was 12.5% with the average ISS of 41.8; and it was 21.2% in blunt injuries and 6.6% in penetrating, respectively, P < 0.005. The main causes of death were hemorrhage and sepsis. Conclusions: Diagnosis of blunt TDR can be easily obtained by radiograph or helical CT scan signs of diaphragmatic hernia. For penetrating TDR without hernia, “offside sign” is helpful as initial assessment. CT scan with coronal/sagittal reconstruction is an accurate technique for diagnosis. All TDR require operation. Penetrating injury has a relatively better prognosis.

  2. Morgagni hernia presenting with lung consolidation unresponsive to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenital malformation of the diaphragm that allows the abdominal organs to push into the chest cavity. We report the case of a 15-month-old patient who presented with a non-resolving opacity on a chest radiograph despite extensive antibiotic treatment. A large anterior ...

  3. Video-assisted thoracoscopic implantation of a diaphragmatic pacemaker in a child with tetraplegia: indications, technique, and results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filho Pinto, Darcy Ribeiro; Tedde, Miguel Lia; Avino, Alexandre José Gonçalves; Brandão, Suzan Lúcia Brancher; Zanatta, Iuri; Hahn, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    We report the case of a child with tetraplegia after cervical trauma, who subsequently underwent diaphragmatic pacemaker implantation. We reviewed the major indications for diaphragmatic pacing and the types of devices employed. We highlight the unequivocal benefit of diaphragmatic pacing in the social and educational reintegration of individuals with tetraplegia.

  4. Video-assisted thoracoscopic implantation of a diaphragmatic pacemaker in a child with tetraplegia: indications, technique, and results*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Darcy Ribeiro; Tedde, Miguel Lia; Avino, Alexandre José Gonçalves; Brandão, Suzan Lúcia Brancher; Zanatta, Iuri; Hahn, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    We report the case of a child with tetraplegia after cervical trauma, who subsequently underwent diaphragmatic pacemaker implantation. We reviewed the major indications for diaphragmatic pacing and the types of devices employed. We highlight the unequivocal benefit of diaphragmatic pacing in the social and educational reintegration of individuals with tetraplegia. PMID:25750678

  5. Video-assisted thoracoscopic implantation of a diaphragmatic pacemaker in a child with tetraplegia: indications, technique, and results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darcy Ribeiro Pinto Filho

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of a child with tetraplegia after cervical trauma, who subsequently underwent diaphragmatic pacemaker implantation. We reviewed the major indications for diaphragmatic pacing and the types of devices employed. We highlight the unequivocal benefit of diaphragmatic pacing in the social and educational reintegration of individuals with tetraplegia.

  6. Bochdalek hernia with intrathoracic kidney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arti D Shah

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Bochdalek hernia is a congenital diaphragmatic defect that allows abdominal viscera to herniate into the thorax. Intrathoracic kidney is a very rare finding representing less than 5% of all renal ectopias. A 20 year old female presented with complaints of dry cough since 15 days and intermittent fever of 4 days duration. As part of routine investigation chest X-ray was done which showed a left retro-cardiac homogenous opacity, rest of the lung field appeared normal. Abdominal ultrasound showed the right kidney to be normal, left kidney was not visualized. Computed tomography scan demonstrated left-sided Bochdalek hernia with the left kidney within the thorax. An IVP was done to confirm the diagnosis. Many a times intrathoracic kidney is confused with a thoracic mass and the patient undergoes a battery of unnecessary investigations, surgical interventions and image guided biopsies for the same, hence to avoid this we are reporting this case.

  7. Biological Mesh Implants for Abdominal Hernia Repair: US Food and Drug Administration Approval Process and Systematic Review of Its Efficacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huerta, Sergio; Varshney, Anubodh; Patel, Prachi M; Mayo, Helen G; Livingston, Edward H

    2016-04-01

    Expensive biological mesh materials are increasingly used to reinforce abdominal wall hernia repairs. The clinical and cost benefit of these materials are unknown. To review the published evidence on the use of biological mesh materials and to examine the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval history for these devices. Search of multiple electronic databases (Ovid, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database) to identify articles published between 1948 and June 30, 2015, on the use of biological mesh materials used to reinforce abdominal wall hernia repair. Keywords searched included surgical mesh, abdominal hernia, recurrence, infection, fistula, bioprosthesis, biocompatible materials, absorbable implants, dermis, and collagen. The FDA online database for 510(k) clearances was reviewed for all commercially available biological mesh materials. The median national price for mesh materials was established by a benchmarking query through several Integrated Delivery Network and Group Purchasing Organization tools. Of 274 screened articles, 20 met the search criteria. Most were case series that reported results of convenience samples of patients at single institutions with a variety of clinical problems. Only 3 of the 20 were comparative studies. There were no randomized clinical trials. In total, outcomes for 1033 patients were described. Studies varied widely in follow-up time, operative technique, meshes used, and patient selection criteria. Reported outcomes and clinical outcomes, such as fistula formation and infection, were inconsistently reported across studies. Conflicts of interest were not reported in 16 of the 20 studies. Recurrence rates ranged from 0% to 80%. All biological mesh devices were approved by the FDA based on substantial equivalence to a group of nonbiological predicate

  8. Different types of mesh fixation for laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia: A protocol for systematic review and network meta-analysis with randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Kongyuan; Lu, Cuncun; Ge, Long; Pan, Bei; Yang, Huan; Tian, Jinhui; Cao, Nong

    2018-04-01

    Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair has become a valid option for repair of an inguinal hernia. Due to there are several types of mesh fixation for laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia. The study aims to assess and compare the efficacy of different types of mesh fixation for laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia using network meta-analysis. We will systematically search PubMed, EMBASE the Cochrane library, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database from their inception to March 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the effect of different types of mesh fixation for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair will be included. The primary outcomes are chronic groin pain, incidence risk of hernia recurrence, and complications. Risk of bias assessment of the included RCTs will be conducted using to Cochrane risk of bias tool. A network meta-analysis will be performed using WinBUGS 1.4.3 software and the result figures will be generated using R x64 3.1.2 software and STATA V.12.0 software. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) will be used to assess the quality of evidence. The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. Our study will generate evidence of laparoscopic repair of mesh fixation for adult patients with inguinal hernia and provide suggestions for clinical practice or guideline.

  9. The Danish Inguinal Hernia database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis-Andersen, Hans; Bisgaard, Thue

    2016-01-01

    AIM OF DATABASE: To monitor and improve nation-wide surgical outcome after groin hernia repair based on scientific evidence-based surgical strategies for the national and international surgical community. STUDY POPULATION: Patients ≥18 years operated for groin hernia. MAIN VARIABLES: Type and size...... of hernia, primary or recurrent, type of surgical repair procedure, mesh and mesh fixation methods. DESCRIPTIVE DATA: According to the Danish National Health Act, surgeons are obliged to register all hernia repairs immediately after surgery (3 minute registration time). All institutions have continuous...... the medical management of the database. RESULTS: The Danish Inguinal Hernia Database comprises intraoperative data from >130,000 repairs (May 2015). A total of 49 peer-reviewed national and international publications have been published from the database (June 2015). CONCLUSION: The Danish Inguinal Hernia...

  10. Abdominal wall hernia and pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, K K; Henriksen, N A; Jorgensen, L N

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: There is no consensus as to the treatment strategy for abdominal wall hernias in fertile women. This study was undertaken to review the current literature on treatment of abdominal wall hernias in fertile women before or during pregnancy. METHODS: A literature search was undertaken in Pub......Med and Embase in combination with a cross-reference search of eligible papers. RESULTS: We included 31 papers of which 23 were case reports. In fertile women undergoing sutured or mesh repair, pain was described in a few patients during the last trimester of a subsequent pregnancy. Emergency surgery...... of incarcerated hernias in pregnant women, as well as combined hernia repair and cesarean section appears as safe procedures. No major complications were reported following hernia repair before or during pregnancy. The combined procedure of elective cesarean section and abdominal wall hernia repair was reported...

  11. A systematic review of the association between a single strenuous event and the development of an inguinal hernia: A medicolegal grey area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Timothy; Currie, Peter; Spence, Robert; McNally, Sinead; Spence, Gary

    2018-03-10

    Inguinal hernia is a common surgical presentation. Evidence for its causation regarding occupational and recreational physical exposures is limited. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review objectively evaluating the evidence for a causal link between a single strenuous event and the development of an inguinal hernia. A systematic review was carried out in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Ovid Embase, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library were searched. In addition, the ISRCTN register, ClinicalTrials.gov, ICTR Platform, and EU Clinical Trials Register were searched. Identified publications were collated and both reviewers independently reviewed their contents. 5508 records were identified, resulting in 5 studies being selected. These 5 studies were all case series. Of 957 patients identified, 1003 hernias were described, of which 983 were inguinal hernias which 255 (26%) were attributed by patients to a single strenuous event. Only two of these studies applied Smith's Criteria (causation of a hernia from a single strenuous event): officially reported, severe pain at the time of the event, no prior history of inguinal hernia, and the diagnosis was made by a doctor within 30 days (preferably 3 days). Only 2 of 54 patients (4%) met all four criteria and so could be considered as having an inguinal hernia relating to a single strenuous event. Many patients associate hernias to a single episode, however upon application of more stringent criteria such as Smith's, a much smaller proportion are deemed to be actually attributable to a single strenuous event. Copyright © 2018 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Congenital retrosternal hernias of Morgagni: Manifestation and treatment in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleksii Slepov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to scarcity of congenital diaphragmatic hearnias of Morgagni (CDHM, non-specific clinical presentation in the pediatric age group, we aimed to investigate the incidence, clinical manifestations, anatomical characteristics, and develop diagnostic algorithm and treatment of CDHM in children. Materials and Methods: The patients′ records of children with CDHM treated in our hospital during past 20 years were retrospectively reviewed for the age at diagnosis, gender, clinical findings, anatomical features, operative details and outcome. Results: Since 1995 to 2014 we observed 6 (3 boys, 3 girls patients with CDHM, that comprise 3.2% of all congenital diaphragmatic hernia cases (n = 185. Age at diagnosis varied from 3 mo. to 10y.o. Failure to thrive was main symptom in 4 patients, followed by recurrent respiratory infections (n = 3, dyspnea (n = 3, and gastrointestinal manifestations: constipation (n = 2, abdominal pain (n = 1. Work-up consisted of plain X-ray for all (n = 6, upper GI (n = 3, barium enema (n = 2, sonography (n = 6 and CT (n = 2. Abdominal approach used in 5 patients, and thoracotomy in one. Herniated contents were: liver lobes (n = 4, transverse colon (n = 3 and greater omentum (n = 1. 5 had right-sided lesion, 1- left-sided. Defect repaired using local tissues. Post-operative course was uneventful; all patients appeared well during follow-up. Conclusion: CDHM is very uncommon anomaly, very occasionally diagnosed at the early age. Failure to thrive and recurrent respiratory infections are most frequent clinical manifestations. In suspected CDHM we advocate the following work-up: plain chest and abdominal X-ray, contrast study (upper GI series or barium enema, ultrasonographic screen and CT scan. Surgical repair via abdominal approach, using local tissues and hernia sac removal is preferred.

  13. Uniformity of Chronic Pain Assessment after Inguinal Hernia Repair: A Critical Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molegraaf, Marijke; Lange, Johan; Wijsmuller, Arthur

    2017-01-01

    Chronic postoperative inguinal pain (CPIP) is the most common long-term complication of inguinal hernia repair. As such procedures are routinely performed, CPIP can be considered a significant burden to global health care. Therefore, adequate preventative measures relevant to surgical practice are investigated. However, as no gold standard research approach is currently available, study and outcome measures differ between studies. The current review aims to provide a qualitative analysis of the literature to seek out if outcomes of CPIP are valid and comparable, facilitating recommendations on the best approach to preventing CPIP. A systematic review of recent studies investigating CPIP was performed, comprising studies published in 2007-2015. Study designs were analyzed regarding the CPIP definitions applied, the use of validated instruments, the availability of a baseline score, and the existence of a minimal follow-up of 12 months. Eighty eligible studies were included. In 48 studies, 22 different definitions of CPIP were identified, of which the definition provided by the International Association for the Study of Pain was applied most often. Of the studies included, 53 (66%) used 33 different validated instruments to quantify CPIP. There were 32 studies (40%) that assessed both pain intensity (PI) and quality of life (QOL) with validated tools, 41% and 4% had a validated assessment of only PI or QOL, respectively, and 15% lacked a validated assessment. The visual analog scale and the Short Form 36 (SF36) were most commonly used for measuring PI (73%) and QOL (19%). Assessment of CPIP was unclear in 15% of the studies included. A baseline score was assessed in 45% of the studies, and 75% had a follow-up of at least 12 months. The current literature addressing CPIP after inguinal hernia repair has a variable degree of quality and lacks uniformity in outcome measures. Proper comparison of the study results to provide conclusive recommendations for preventive

  14. A comparison of the characteristics and precision of needle driving for right-handed pediatric surgeons between right and left driving using a model of infant laparoscopic diaphragmatic hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikee, Takamasa; Onishi, Shun; Mukai, Motoi; Kawano, Takafumi; Sugita, Koshiro; Moriguchi, Tomoe; Yamada, Koji; Yamada, Waka; Masuya, Ryuta; Machigashira, Seiro; Nakame, Kazuhiko; Kaji, Tatsuru; Ieiri, Satoshi

    2017-10-01

    We compared the characteristics and precision of right and left needle driving for right-handed pediatric surgeons using a laparoscopic diaphragmatic repair model. Eighteen right-handed pediatric surgeons performed three needle driving maneuvers using both hands. We evaluated the required time and conducted an image analysis. The total path length, velocity, and acceleration of the needle driving were also evaluated. Obtained results show the findings for the required time (s, Rt 310.78 ± 148.93 vs. Lt 308.61 ± 122.53, p = 0.93), sum of needle driving balances (mm, Rt 5.23 ± 2.44 vs. Lt 5.05 ± 3.17, p = 0.83), the gap of the needle driving interval (Rt 1.2 ± 0.93 vs. Lt 2.17 ± 1.67, p = 0.04), total path length (mm, Rt 594.03 ± 205.29 vs. Lt 1641.07 ± 670.68, p handed pediatric surgeons, left needle driving showed almost same quality of right needle driving as regarding the precision. But left needle driving also showed too fast but not economical movement unfortunately, implying rough and risky forceps manipulation. Non-dominant hand training is necessary to avoid organ injury.

  15. Connective tissue alteration in abdominal wall hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, N A; Yadete, D H; Sørensen, Lars Tue

    2011-01-01

    The aetiology and pathogenesis of abdominal wall hernia formation is complex. Optimal treatment of hernias depends on a full understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in their formation. The aim of this study was to review the literature on specific collagen alterations...... in abdominal wall hernia formation....

  16. Systematic review and network meta-analysis of methods of mesh fixation during laparoscopic ventral hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baker, J J; Öberg, S; Andresen, K

    2018-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Ventral hernia repairs are common and have high recurrence rates. They are usually repaired laparoscopically with an intraperitoneal mesh, which can be fixed in various ways. The aim was to evaluate the recurrence rates for the different fixation techniques. METHODS: This systematic...... review included studies with human adults with a ventral hernia repaired with an intraperitoneal onlay mesh. The outcome was recurrence at least 6 months after operation. Cohort studies with 50 or more participants and all RCTs were included. PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched on 22...... September 2016. RCTs were assessed with the Cochrane risk-of-bias assessment tool and cohort studies with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Studies comparing fixation techniques were included in a network meta-analysis, which allowed comparison of more than two fixation techniques. RESULTS: Fifty-one studies...

  17. Hernia de Amyand: presentación de dos casos Amyand's hernia: report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro López Rodríguez

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Encontrar una apendicitis en el interior de una hernia inguinal encarcelada es algo inusual y se conoce en la literatura como hernia de Amyand. Cuando ocurre, casi siempre es diagnosticada como una hernia inguinal encarcelada. Realizamos la presentación de dos casos y revisamos la literaturaFinding appendicitis in the interior of an arrested inguinal hernia is something unusual known as Amyand's hernia. When it occurs, it is usually diagnosed as an arrested inguinal hernia. Two cases are reported and the literature on this topic is reviewed

  18. Contemporary hernia smartphone applications (apps).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connor, K; Brady, R R W; de Beaux, A; Tulloh, B

    2014-08-01

    Smartphone technology and downloadable applications (apps) have created an unprecedented opportunity for access to medical information and healthcare-related tools by clinicians and their patients. Here, we review the current smartphone apps in relation to hernias, one of the most common operations worldwide. This article presents an overview of apps relating to hernias and discusses content, the presence of medical professional involvement and commercial interests. The most widely used smartphone app online stores (Google Play, Apple, Nokia, Blackberry, Samsung and Windows) were searched for the following hernia-related terms: hernia, inguinal, femoral, umbilical, incisional and totally extraperitoneal. Those with no reference to hernia or hernia surgery were excluded. 26 smartphone apps were identified. Only 9 (35 %) had named medical professional involvement in their design/content and only 10 (38 %) were reviewed by consumers. Commercial interests/links were evident in 96 % of the apps. One app used a validated mathematical algorithm to help counsel patients about post-operative pain. There were a relatively small number of apps related to hernias in view of the worldwide frequency of hernia repair. This search identified many opportunities for the development of informative and validated evidence-based patient apps which can be recommended to patients by physicians. Greater regulation, transparency of commercial interests and involvement of medical professionals in the content and peer-review of healthcare-related apps is required.

  19. Diaphragmatic defect in trisomy 13

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reinbold, W.D.; Reinwein, H.; Back, E.

    1986-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic defect is often combined with other malformations that are severe or fatal. The rare finding of a congenital diaphragmatic defect in a newborn with trisomy 13 is reported. The newborn died within 2 days. Postmortem examination showed typical malformations due to trisomy 13 besides a diaphragmatic defect of left retrosternal position. Karyotype revealed a 13/14 translocation of trisomy 13. (orig.) [de

  20. Large sliding inguino-scrotal hernia of the urinary bladder: A case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ping; Huang, Yonggang; Ye, Jing; Gao, Guodong; Zhang, Fangjie; Wu, Hao

    2018-03-01

    Sliding inguinal hernias of the urinary bladder are protrusions of the bladder through the internal inguinal ring, most of which are insignificant and diagnosed intra-operatively. Large inguino-scrotal bladder hernias commonly present with lower urinary tract symptoms and may cause severe complications, including bladder incarceration or necrosis, bladder hemorrhage, obstructive or neurogenic bladder dysfunction, and even renal failure. We describe and discuss the clinical findings and management of a 59-year-old man who complained of a decrease in scrotal size after voiding and 2-stage voiding requiring pressure to the scrotum. The patient was diagnosed preoperatively as massive, bilateral, inguinoscrotal hernias, and a large, left-sided, sliding bladder hernia. The patient underwent a timely open re-peritoneal inguinal herniorrhaphy using a mesh. The surgical outcomes were good, and no surgical site infection, chronic postoperative inguinal pain or recurrence were recorded during the follow-up. Better knowledge of this rare condition of large inguino-scrotal sliding bladder hernia could help in making a correct diagnosis preoperatively and provide proper surgical management timely, so as to reduce delay in treatment and avoid potential complications.

  1. Prevention of Incisional Hernias with Biological Mesh: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muysoms, Filip E; Jairam, An; López-Cano, Manuel; Śmietański, Maciej; Woeste, Guido; Kyle-Leinhase, Iris; Antoniou, Stavros A; Köckerling, Ferdinand

    2016-01-01

    Prophylactic mesh-augmented reinforcement during closure of abdominal wall incisions has been proposed in patients with increased risk for development of incisional hernias (IHs). As part of the BioMesh consensus project, a systematic literature review has been performed to detect those studies where MAR was performed with a non-permanent absorbable mesh (biological or biosynthetic). A computerized search was performed within 12 databases (Embase, Medline, Web-of-Science, Scopus, Cochrane, CINAHL, Pubmed publisher, Lilacs, Scielo, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, Google Scholar) with appropriate search terms. Qualitative evaluation was performed using the MINORS score for cohort studies and the Jadad score for randomized clinical trials (RCTs). For midline laparotomy incisions and stoma reversal wounds, two RCTs, two case-control studies, and two case series were identified. The studies were very heterogeneous in terms of mesh configuration (cross linked versus non-cross linked), mesh position (intraperitoneal versus retro-muscular versus onlay), surgical indication (gastric bypass versus aortic aneurysm), outcome results (effective versus non-effective). After qualitative assessment, we have to conclude that the level of evidence on the efficacy and safety of biological meshes for prevention of IHs is very low . No comparative studies were found comparing biological mesh with synthetic non-absorbable meshes for the prevention of IHs. There is no evidence supporting the use of non-permanent absorbable mesh (biological or biosynthetic) for prevention of IHs when closing a laparotomy in high-risk patients or in stoma reversal wounds. There is no evidence that a non-permanent absorbable mesh should be preferred to synthetic non-absorbable mesh, both in clean or clean-contaminated surgery.

  2. Traumatic abdominal wall hernia – four cases and a review of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kurt

    On screening ultrasound, free fluid was noted in the ... scan of the abdomen a left para-rectus muscle hernia was noted. ... CT scan of the abdomen with oral and intravenous contrast is the most reliable diagnostic test, although the limitation of assessment of bowel viability is accepted.6 The increased use of CT scan.

  3. A systematic review of laparoscopic port site hernias in gastrointestinal surgery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Owens, M

    2011-08-01

    Port site hernia is an important yet under-recognised complication of laparoscopic surgery, which carries a high risk of strangulation due to the small size of the defect involved. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence, classification, and pathogenesis of this complication, and to evaluate strategies to prevent and treat it.

  4. Intestinal obstruction induced by a giant incarcerated Spigelian hernia: case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Augusto Ribeiro

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Spigelian hernia is an uncommon spontaneous lateral ventral hernia with an incarceration ratio of around 20%. However, complications such as intestinal obstruction are extremely rare. We report on a case of giant incarcerated Spigelian hernia with a clinical condition of complete intestinal obstruction that was treated using prosthetic polypropylene mesh. CASE REPORT: A 72-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department complaining of diffuse abdominal pain. Abdominal examination revealed a firm 10 x 10 cm tender mass in the lower left quadrant, without surrounding cellulite or tenderness. Plain abdominal radiographs displayed the formation of levels, thus indicating the existence of intestinal obstruction. An abdominal computed tomography scan clearly showed a fluid and air-filled mass in the soft tissue area of the lower left-side abdominal wall. Spigelian incarcerated hernia was diagnosed and the patient underwent emergency surgical repair by means of local incision. The large defect in the abdominal wall was closed up as successive anatomical layers, and a prosthetic polypropylene mesh was set into the lateral aspect of the rectus sheath. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on the seventh postoperative day.

  5. Umbilical Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 15, 2015. Umbilical hernia Symptoms & causes Diagnosis & treatment Advertisement Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. ... a Job Site Map About This Site Twitter Facebook Google YouTube Pinterest Mayo Clinic is a not- ...

  6. Umbilical Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... creates a soft swelling or bulge near the navel (umbilicus). If your baby has an umbilical hernia, you ... doctor if you have a bulge near your navel. Seek emergency care if the bulge becomes painful ...

  7. Meta-analysis and systematic review of laparoscopic versus open mesh repair for elective incisional hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awaiz, A; Rahman, F; Hossain, M B; Yunus, R M; Khan, S; Memon, B; Memon, M A

    2015-06-01

    The utility of laparoscopic repair in the treatment of incisional hernia repair is still contentious. The aim was to conduct a meta-analysis of RCTs investigating the surgical and postsurgical outcomes of elective incisional hernia by open versus laparoscopic method. A search of PubMed, Medline, Embase, Science Citation Index, Current Contents, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials published between January 1993 and September 2013 was performed using medical subject headings (MESH) "hernia," "incisional," "abdominal," "randomized/randomised controlled trial," "abdominal wall hernia," "laparoscopic repair," "open repair", "human" and "English". Prospective RCTs comparing surgical treatment of only incisional hernia (and not primary ventral hernias) using open and laparoscopic methods were selected. Data extraction and critical appraisal were carried out independently by two authors (AA and MAM) using predefined data fields. The outcome variables analyzed included (a) hernia diameter; (b) operative time; (c) length of hospital stay; (d) overall complication rate; (e) bowel complications; (f) reoperation; (g) wound infection; (h) wound hematoma or seroma; (i) time to oral intake; (j) back to work; (k) recurrence rate; and (l) postoperative neuralgia. These outcomes were unanimously decided to be important since they influence the practical and surgical approach towards hernia management within hospitals and institutions. The quality of RCTs was assessed using Jadad's scoring system. Random effects model was used to calculate the effect size of both binary and continuous data. Heterogeneity amongst the outcome variables of these trials was determined by the Cochran Q statistic and I (2) index. The meta-analysis was prepared in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Sufficient data were available for the analysis of twelve clinically relevant outcomes. Statistically significant reduction in bowel complications was noted with open surgery compared to the

  8. The feasibility of local anesthesia for the surgical treatment of umbilical hernia: a systematic review of the literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.P. Jairam (An); R. Kaufmann (Ruth); F.E. Muysoms (Filip); J. Jeekel (Hans); J.F. Lange (Johan)

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractBackground: Yearly approximately 4500 umbilical hernias are repaired in The Netherlands, mostly under general anesthesia. The use of local anesthesia has shown several advantages in groin hernia surgery. Local anesthesia might be useful in the treatment of umbilical hernia as well.

  9. Non-intubated laparoscopic repair of giant Morgagni's hernia for a young man.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Miao; Wang, Heng; Liu, Dong; Pan, Xuefeng; Wu, Wenbin; Hu, Zhengqun; Zhang, Hui

    2016-08-01

    An asymptomatic patient was admitted as his chest photograph and computed tomography scans showed a giant Morgagni's hernia (MH). And it was repaired by laparoscopic approach under epidural anesthesia without endotracheal intubation. The hernia content of omentum was repositioned back into the abdominal cavity, and the diaphragmatic defect was repaired with composite mesh. Which indicated that non-intubated laparoscopic mesh repair via epidural anesthesia is reliable and satisfactory for MH.

  10. Systematic review and network meta-analysis of methods of mesh fixation during laparoscopic ventral hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, J J; Öberg, S; Andresen, K; Klausen, T W; Rosenberg, J

    2018-01-01

    Ventral hernia repairs are common and have high recurrence rates. They are usually repaired laparoscopically with an intraperitoneal mesh, which can be fixed in various ways. The aim was to evaluate the recurrence rates for the different fixation techniques. This systematic review included studies with human adults with a ventral hernia repaired with an intraperitoneal onlay mesh. The outcome was recurrence at least 6 months after operation. Cohort studies with 50 or more participants and all RCTs were included. PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched on 22 September 2016. RCTs were assessed with the Cochrane risk-of-bias assessment tool and cohort studies with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Studies comparing fixation techniques were included in a network meta-analysis, which allowed comparison of more than two fixation techniques. Fifty-one studies with a total of 6553 participants were included. The overall crude recurrence rates with the various fixation techniques were: absorbable tacks, 17·5 per cent (2 treatment groups); absorbable tacks with sutures, 0·7 per cent (3); permanent tacks, 7·7 per cent (20); permanent tacks with sutures, 6·0 per cent (25); and sutures, 1·5 per cent (6). Six studies were included in a network meta-analysis, which favoured fixation with sutures. Although statistical significance was not achieved, there was a 93 per cent chance of sutures being better than one of the other methods. Both crude recurrence rates and the network meta-analysis favoured fixation with sutures during laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. © 2017 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Natural history of extensive diaphragmatic injury on the right side: experimental study in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Henrique Rivaben

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the natural healing of the rat diaphragm that suffered an extensive right penetrating injury.METHODS: Animals were submitted to an extensive penetrating injury in right diaphragm. The sample consisted of 40 animals. The variables studied were initial weight, weight 21 days after surgery; healing of the diaphragm, non-healing of the diaphragm, and herniated abdominal contents into the chest.RESULTS: Ten animals were used as controls for weight and 30 animals were operated. Two animals died during the experiment, so 28 animals formed the operated group; healing of the diaphragm occurred in 15 animals (54%, 11 other animals showed diaphragmatic hernia (39% and in two we observed only diaphragmatic injury without hernia (7%. Among the herniated organs, the liver was found in 100% of animals, followed by the omentum in 77%, small bowel in 62%, colon in 46%, stomach in 31% and spleen in 15%. The control group and the diaphragmatic healing subgroup showed increased weight since the beginning of the study and the 21 days after surgery (p <0.001. The unhealed group showed no change in weight (p = 0.228.CONCLUSION: there is a predominance of spontaneous healing in the right diaphragm; animals in which there was no healing of the diaphragm did not gain weight, and the liver was the organ present in 100% the diaphragmatic surface in all rats with healed diaphragm or not.

  12. Duplicate Vas Deferens Encountered during Inguinal Hernia Repair: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maxwell C. Breitinger

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Duplication of the vas deferens is a rare anomaly, defined as the presence of two distinct vasa deferentia within one spermatic cord, with only 28 cases reported worldwide since 1959. We report the case of a 63-year-old man with a duplicate vas deferens, presenting with abdominal pain from bowel obstruction secondary to incarcerated inguinal hernia. Spermatic cord dissection during hernioplasty revealed duplication of the vas deferens within the right spermatic cord. Doppler ultrasonography confirmed absence of waveforms in both vasa deferentia with arterial signal in the accompanying vessel. The hernia was repaired without complication. This report emphasizes recognition of duplicate vas deferens in avoiding iatrogenic injury and optimizing surgical outcome.

  13. Comparison of Porcine Small Intestinal Submucosa versus Polypropylene in Open Inguinal Hernia Repair: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nie, Xin; Xiao, Dongdong; Wang, Wenyue; Song, Zhicheng; Yang, Zhi; Chen, Yuanwen; Gu, Yan

    2015-01-01

    Background A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) with polypropylene in open inguinal hernia repair. Method Electronic databases MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were used to compare patient outcomes for the two groups via meta-analysis. Result A total of 3 randomized controlled trials encompassing 200 patients were included in the meta-analysis. There was no significant difference in recurrence (P = 0.16), hematomas (P = 0.06), postoperative pain within 30 days (P = 0.45), or postoperative pain after 1 year (P = 0.12) between the 2 groups. The incidence of discomfort was significantly lower (P = 0.0006) in the SIS group. However, the SIS group experienced a significantly higher incidence of seroma (P = 0.03). Conclusions Compared to polypropylene, using SIS in open inguinal hernia repair is associated with a lower incidence of discomfort and a higher incidence of seroma. However, well-designed larger RCT studies with a longer follow-up period are needed to confirm these findings. PMID:26252895

  14. Laparoscopic repair of an excessive Morgagni hernia in an adult presenting as upside-down stomach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahsamanis, Georgios; Terzoglou, Alexandra; Theodoridis, Charalampos; Kiakou, Maria; Mitsopoulos, Georgios; Deverakis, Titos; Dimitrakopoulos, Georgios

    2017-01-01

    Morgagni hernia is defined as the intrathoracic protrusion of abdominal viscera through a defect in the anterior diaphragm. It represents an uncommon type of diaphragmatic congenital hernia. A 68-year-old female patient was admitted in our department due to progressive epigastric discomfort for the past four months. A preoperative diagnosis of a paraesophageal hernia was set through computer tomography, with gastric portions and parts of small bowel protruding inside the thoracic cavity. Intraoperatively, an excessive diaphragmatic defect was detected in the anterior side of the diaphragm. Reduction of the hernia's contents inside the abdominal cavity was achieved through laparoscopy, with the additional fixation of an intraperitoneal non-absorbable mesh for reinforcement of the diaphragmatic wall. Patient was discharged uneventfully on the 4th postoperative day. Morgagni hernias refer to a rare type of diaphragmatic congenital hernias, usually identified during childhood, leaving only a small number of cases observed in the adult population. Its diagnosis can pose a challenge due to the non-specific and usually asymptomatic presentation. An early surgical management is advised due to an increased number of potentially lethal complications, such as gastric incarceration and obstruction. Treatment consist of open surgical techniques through a trans-thoracic or a trans-abdominal approach, although a paradigm shift in the 21st century considers minimal invasive laparoscopic surgery the treatment of choice. A high index of clinical suspicion is required for diagnosis of Morgagni hernias, while prompt management is advised. Laparoscopy is considered the best approach in the hands of an experienced surgeon.

  15. Bariatric surgery complications. Internal hernia: A potentially fatal condition. A case report and literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Canadas, Raul; Lombana, Luis Jorge; Hernandez, Javier; Solano, Claudia; Suarez, Yanette; Torres, Diana; Alvarado, Jaime; Valencia, William; Garcia, Jairo; Hani, Albis

    2007-01-01

    In recent years, Obesity (defined as Body Mass Index > 30 kg/m2) has increased its prevalence reaching epidemic levels in countries such as The United States where it has became a national health issue. In Colombia the Obesity prevalence is figured around 14%. Treatment options for Obesity include life style modifications, pharmacologist management and surgical approach (Bariatric Surgery). This article describes a patient with previous bariatric surgery, who presents abdominal pain and melena owed to isquemic process of the alimentary limb caused by an internal hernia which is a potentially lethal condition if it is not highly suspected allowing its early diagnosis and treatment

  16. Surgical treatment of acquired inguinal hernia in the horse: a review of 51 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Velden, M A

    1988-05-01

    During a seven year period, 51 cases of acquired inguinal herniation in 50 stallions were treated surgically. In 25 cases the herniated loop was ileal, in the other 26 it was jejunal. In cases of strangulation, the vaginal ring was enlarged by incising the peritoneum and transverse fascia. Closure of the superficial inguinal ring was advisable to prevent the hernia recurring. In all cases unilateral castration was performed. Laparotomy was carried out in 33 cases; 22 required intestinal resection and in four cases a bypass was made. Follow-up at least six months postoperatively indicated that surgery had been successful in 76 per cent of the cases treated.

  17. Modern diagnosis and treatment of hiatal hernias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegal, Steve R; Dolan, James P; Hunter, John G

    2017-12-01

    Hiatal hernias are a common finding on radiographic or endoscopic studies. Hiatal hernias may become symptomatic or, less frequently, can incarcerate or become a volvulus leading to organ ischemia. This review examines latest evidence on the diagnostic workup and management of hiatal hernias. A literature review of contemporary and latest studies with highest quality of evidence was completed. This information was examined and compiled in review format. Asymptomatic hiatal and paraesophageal hernias become symptomatic and necessitate repair at a rate of 1% per year. Watchful waiting is appropriate for asymptomatic hernias. Symptomatic hiatal hernias and those with confirmed reflux disease require operative repair with an anti-reflux procedure. Key operative steps include the following: reduction and excision of hernia sac, 3 cm of intraabdominal esophageal length, crural closure with mesh reinforcement, and an anti-reflux procedure. Repairs not amenable to key steps may undergo gastropexy and gastrostomy placement as an alternative procedure. Hiatal hernias are commonly incidental findings. When hernias become symptomatic or have reflux disease, an operative repair is required. A minimally invasive approach is safe and has improved outcomes.

  18. Hernias (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... umbilical hernia . It is most obvious when the baby cries, coughs, or strains. Umbilical hernias are more common in females, those of African heritage, and low birth weight babies. These hernias range in size from less than ...

  19. [Results of the treatment of congenital diaphagmatic hernia with conventional terapeutics modalities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luis, A L; Avila, L F; Encinas, J L; Andrés, A M; Suárez, O; Elorza, D; Rodríguez, I; Martínez, L; Murcia, J; Lassaletta, L; Tovar, J A

    2006-07-01

    In this study, we analyze our results in the treatment of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) using conventional ventilatory therapy without ECMO. fifty one CDH patients (27 males and 24 females) treated at our institution between 1997 and 2004 were reviewed. Data referred to obstetrics, prenatal diagnosis, newborn care, type of hernia and surgical treatment were analyzed. We recorded ventilatory treatment modalities and the outcome of the patients. We also compared the survival of our series with those expected using the formula proposed by the CDH study group in 2001. We finally analized separately those patients with early clinical presentation and who fulfilled ECMO criteria. Data from necropsies were also recovered when available. Prenatal diagnosis was made in 58% of the patients. Fifty nine percent were born by c-section. The diaphragmatic defect was left-sided in 42 patients, right in 8 and bilateral in 1. Ten patients needed a prosthetic patch to close the defect. Eighteen out of the 51 patients (35%) died, 11 of them without surgical treatment. Early presentation of clinical picture was evident in 44 patients; among them 46% required high frequency ventilation and 53% nitric oxide therapy. Medium age at operation was 56+/-49 hours. The 7 children with late clinical presentation are alive. Among the 44 remaining patients, 26 are also alive (59,09%), data similar to those expected by the formula (62.39%, p>0.05). Fifteen patients had oxigenation index (IO) over 40, with a stimated survival rate of 48%, a statistically significant lower rate when compared to patients with IO40 survived; in 4 out of the 7 available necropsy studies, a severe lung hypoplasia was found (index lung weight/body weight ventilatory measures in patients with IO40 are rarely candidates to ECMO therapy because of the associated severe lung hypoplasia confirmed by necropsy studies.

  20. Hernia diafragmática congénita. Experiencia en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia, 1999-2009 = Congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Experience at Hospital Universitario San Vicente of Paul, Medellín, Colombia 1999 to 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arango Rave, María Elena

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la hernia diafragmática congénita (HDC plantea un reto por la amplia variabilidad de presentación clínica, la falla respiratoria y la posibilidad de hipertensión pulmonar grave. El objetivo de esta revisión fue describir el tratamiento de la HDC y sus resultados, entre 1999 y 2009, en la Sección de Cirugía Infantil del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín.Materiales y métodos: se estudiaron en 36 pacientes variables socioeconómicas, tiempo de estabilización preoperatoria, tipo de tratamiento y sus resultados, complicaciones, tiempo de permanencia en la UCI, necesidad de soporte ventilatorio y duración de la estancia hospitalaria.Resultados: fue más frecuente la HDC izquierda y en hombres. Veintidós pacientes presentaron malformaciones asociadas. Se hizo tratamiento médico y quirúrgico en 31 pacientes. El tiempo de estabilización preoperatoria fue en promedio cuatro días. La mediana de días de ventilación mecánica fue cuatro, la de estancia en UCI, seis y la de estancia hospitalaria, 12,5. La sepsis fue la complicación más frecuente, en seis pacientes hubo infección del sitio operatorio y en igual número, secuelas. Murieron 10 pacientes; los factores asociados con la mortalidad fueron: inestabilidad hemodinámica, Apgar menor de 5, tratamiento exclusivamente médico, diagnóstico prenatal, uso de parche para la reparación y las malformaciones asociadas.

  1. Diagnosis of lumbar disc hernia with computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshizumi, Atsuro; Ohira, Nobuhiro; Ojima, Tadashi; Oshida, Midori; Horaguchi, Mitsuru (Tohoku Rosai Hospital, Sendai (Japan))

    1982-07-01

    Results of computed tomography performed on patients with clinically diagnosed hernia were compared with those of myelography and operative findings. This comparative study suggested that computed tomography is quite different from other methods and very useful in diagnosis of hernia. Some cases of hernia were shown, and the characteristics of CT were reviewed.

  2. Diagnosis of lumbar disc hernia with computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoshizumi, Atsuro; Ohira, Nobuhiro; Ojima, Tadashi; Oshida, Midori; Horaguchi, Mitsuru

    1982-01-01

    Results of computed tomography performed on patients with clinically diagnosed hernia were compared with those of myelography and operative findings. This comparative study suggested that computed tomography is quite different from other methods and very useful in diagnosis of hernia. Some cases of hernia were shown, and the characteristics of CT were reviewed. (Ueda, J.)

  3. Massive hiatus hernia: evaluation and surgical management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maziak, D E; Todd, T R; Pearson, F G

    1998-01-01

    Paraesophageal hernias represent advanced degrees of sliding hiatus hernia with intrathoracic displacement of the intraesophageal junction. Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs in most cases, resulting in acquired short esophagus, which should influence the type of repair selected. Between 1960 and 1996, 94 patients with massive, incarcerated paraesophageal hiatus hernia were operated on at the Toronto General Hospital. The mean age was 64 years (39 to 85 years), with a female to male ratio of 1.8:1. Organoaxial volvulus was present in 50% of cases. Clinical presentation in these patients included postprandial pain in 56%, dysphagia in 48%, chronic iron deficiency anemia in 38%, and aspiration in 29%. Symptomatic reflux, either present or remote, was recorded in 83% of cases. All patients underwent endoscopy by the operating surgeon. In 91 of 94 patients, the esophagogastric junction was found to be above the diaphragmatic hiatus, denoting a sliding type of hiatus hernia. Gross, endoscopic peptic esophagitis was observed in 36% of patients: ulcerative esophagitis in 22% and peptic esophagitis with stricture in 14%. A complete preoperative esophageal motility study was obtained for 41 patients. The lower sphincter was hypotensive in 21 patients (51%), and the amplitude of peristalsis in the distal esophagus was diminished in 24 patients (59%). These abnormalities are both features of significant gastroesophageal reflux disease. In 13 recent, consecutive patients with paraesophageal hernia, the distance between the upper and lower esophageal sphincters was measured during manometry. The average distance was 15.4 +/- 2.33 cm (11 to 20 cm), which is consistent with acquired short esophagus. The normal distance is 20.4 cm +/- 1.9 (p incidence of endoscopic reflux esophagitis and of acquired short esophagus. True paraesophageal hernia, with the esophagogastric junction in a normal abdominal location, appears rare. Our observations were supported by measurements

  4. Surgical site infection following hernia repair in the day care setting of a developing country: a retrospective review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pardhan, A.; Mazahir, S.; Alvi, A.R.; Murtaza, G.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To determine the incidence proportion of surgical site infection following hernia repair in a daycare setting at a tertiary care hospital of a low-income country. Methods: The retrospective audit was done at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from June 1, 2008 to May 30, 2009. Patients with age >15 years who underwent Lichenstein's open mesh repair in daycare were included. Surgical Site Infection was labelled if the records revealed any of the following: opening of the wound by the primary surgeon; pain, tenderness and raised temperature of skin; purulent discharge from the wound; if the surgeon had documented it as a surgical site infection. SPSS 16 was used for data analysis. Results: After reviewing the retrieved files, 104 patients were found eligible. Of them, 102 (98%) were males. Overall wound-related complications were found in 13 (12.5%), whereas surgical site infection was found in 8 (7.7%) patients. The mean age of those with infections was 38.7+-18 year, while that of those with no surgical site infection was 47.8+-18 years. Smoking was found significantly associated with surgical site infection with 5.8 times higher incidence as compared to the non-smokers (OR with 95% CI: 5.6 (1.2, 25.3)). Conclusions: The incidence of surgical site infection after hernia repair with mesh in a daycare setting at a tertiary care hospital of a low-income country was higher than internationally reported incidence. Smoking was found to be a significant risk factor. (author)

  5. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia candidate genes derived from embryonic transcriptomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Russell, Meaghan K; Longoni, Mauro; Wells, Julie

    2012-01-01

    expression profiling of developing embryonic diaphragms would help identify genes likely to be associated with diaphragm defects. We generated a time series of whole-transcriptome expression profiles from laser captured embryonic mouse diaphragms at embryonic day (E)11.5 and E12.5 when experimental...... perturbations lead to CDH phenotypes, and E16.5 when the diaphragm is fully formed. Gene sets defining biologically relevant pathways and temporal expression trends were identified by using a series of bioinformatic algorithms. These developmental sets were then compared with a manually curated list of genes...... previously shown to cause diaphragm defects in humans and in mouse models. Our integrative filtering strategy identified 27 candidates for CDH. We examined the diaphragms of knockout mice for one of the candidate genes, pre-B-cell leukemia transcription factor 1 (Pbx1), and identified a range of previously...

  6. Posterolateral diaphragmatic hernia with small-bowel incarceration ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cm defect in the posterior diaphragm repaired with interrupted polydiaxonone sutures, and the abdomen closed. The patient required organ support postoperatively and was transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU). Postoperatively, gut function was slow to return and a small empyema resolved with sustained drainage ...

  7. Post-traumatic diaphragmatic hernias – importance of basic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-05-02

    May 2, 2013 ... bowel shadows or air/fluid levels above the diaphragm. • intrathoracic presence of the nasogastric tube. • associated pleural collection, lung collapse and contra- lateral mediastinal shift. Herniation of intra-abdominal contents into the chest may be particularly difficult to identify on contrast studies.

  8. Radiographic aspects of pleural disorders [pleura, hydrothorax, pneumothorax, diaphragmatic hernia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stambouli, F.

    1995-01-01

    Radiographic modifications of the pleural space and pleura are due to the presence of air (pneumothorax), liquid (hydrothorax), a mass of tissue or displaced abdominal organs (the latter two disorders are often masked by liquid). Effusions are characterised by the presence of intralobar fissures, retraction and collapse of the pulmonary lobes of the thoracic wall and a general diffuse opacification starring ventrally. Pneumothorax is associated with an accentuated radiotransparence of the thorax and a retraction of the lungs, they become separated from the thoracic wall by a space without a pulmonary tissue framework

  9. [A right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia masked by pneumonia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morsing, I.E.; Mol, A.C. de; Heijst, A.F.J. van; Staak, F.H.J.M. van der; Daalen, S.T. van; Liem, K.D.

    2008-01-01

    A 1-day-old premature newborn (34 weeks and 6 days) presented with respiratory insufficiency due to a group B haemolytic streptococcal (GBS) pneumonia. She recovered after temporary treatment with mechanical ventilation and antibiotics. At the time of discharge there was a slight increased fogging

  10. A Morgagni hernia with an absent ductus venosus: An unusual case causing unusual consequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Phillis

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A Morgagni hernia is a rare form of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH, comprising only 3–5% of all CDH cases. Agenesis of the ductus venosus with direct umbilical vein blood flow to the heart is a relatively uncommon finding that is often fatal in utero. We present a case of a 2-month-old infant with Morgagni hernia and absence of the ductus venosus. These combined defects led to neovascularization of the liver, severe pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure. In this report, we describe a Morgagni hernia that's presentation resembled that of a Bochdalek hernia likely because of concomitant absence of the ductus venosus causing severe pulmonary hypertension.

  11. Endoscopic inguinal hernia repair

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.T.T. Knook

    2002-01-01

    textabstractInguinal hernias are among the oldest surgical challenges, having been recognized by the Egyptians in 1500 BC and Hippocrates in 400 BC. Celsus in 40 AD described Roman surgical practice, including manual hernia reduction for strangulated hernia, truss for reducible hernia and surgery

  12. Strangulated spigelian hernia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amin, F.M.; Sultan, T.

    2004-01-01

    Spigelian hernia is a rare ventral hernia. Strangulation is Spigelian hernia is common but still seen very rarely in clinical practice. We report a case of strangulated Spigelian hernia in an elderly women which was managed satisfactory and the patient discharged on ninth post operative day. (author)

  13. Rare case of a strangulated intercostal flank hernia following open nephrectomy: A case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akinduro, Oluwaseun O; Jones, Frank; Turner, Jacquelyn; Cason, Frederick; Clark, Clarence

    2015-01-01

    Flank incisions may be associated with incisional flank hernias, which may progress to incarceration and strangulation. Compromised integrity of the abdominal and intercostal musculature due to previous surgery may be associated with herniation of abdominal contents into the intercostal space. There have been six previously reported cases of herniation into the intercostal space after a flank incision for a surgical procedure. This case highlights the clinical picture associated with an emergent strangulated hernia and highlights the critical steps in its management. We present a case of a 79-year-old adult man with multiple comorbidities presenting with a strangulated flank hernia secondary to an intercostal incision for a right-sided open nephrectomy. The strangulated hernia required emergent intervention including right-sided hemi-colectomy with ileostomy and mucous fistula. Abdominal incisional hernias are rare and therefore easily overlooked, but may result in significant morbidity or even death in the patient.. The diagnosis can be made with a thorough clinical examination and ultrasound or computed topographical investigation. Once a hernia has become incarcerated, emergent surgical management is necessary to avoid strangulation and small bowel obstruction. Urgent diagnosis and treatment of this extremely rare hernia is paramount especially in the setting of strangulation. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  14. Rare case of a strangulated intercostal flank hernia following open nephrectomy: A case report and review of literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akinduro, Oluwaseun O.; Jones, Frank; Turner, Jacquelyn; Cason, Frederick; Clark, Clarence

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Flank incisions may be associated with incisional flank hernias, which may progress to incarceration and strangulation. Compromised integrity of the abdominal and intercostal musculature due to previous surgery may be associated with herniation of abdominal contents into the intercostal space. There have been six previously reported cases of herniation into the intercostal space after a flank incision for a surgical procedure. This case highlights the clinical picture associated with an emergent strangulated hernia and highlights the critical steps in its management. Presentation of case We present a case of a 79-year-old adult man with multiple comorbidities presenting with a strangulated flank hernia secondary to an intercostal incision for a right-sided open nephrectomy. The strangulated hernia required emergent intervention including right-sided hemi-colectomy with ileostomy and mucous fistula. Discussion Abdominal incisional hernias are rare and therefore easily overlooked, but may result in significant morbidity or even death in the patient.. The diagnosis can be made with a thorough clinical examination and ultrasound or computed topographical investigation. Once a hernia has become incarcerated, emergent surgical management is necessary to avoid strangulation and small bowel obstruction. Conclusion Urgent diagnosis and treatment of this extremely rare hernia is paramount especially in the setting of strangulation. PMID:26629848

  15. Celiac artery compression syndrome with bilateral Bochdalek hernia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kara, K.; Verim, S.; Bozkurt, Y.; Tasar, M.

    2012-01-01

    Full text: Introduction: Celiac artery compression syndrome or median arcuate ligament syndrome is rare and controversial condition. The definition of the syndrome relies on a combination of both clinical and radiographic features. It typically occurs in young patients, who may present with epigastric pain and weight loss. Bochdalek hernia is the most common congenital diaphragmatic hernia in adults. Bilaterality of this pathology is rare. There are not many reports about the associated pathologies to Bochdalek hernia. Objectives and tasks: We aimed to demonstrate the computed tomography (CT) angiography findings of celiac artery compression syndrome with Bochdalek hernia that has detected incidentally. Materials and methods: A CT angiography was performed to 32-year-old patient having postphelebitic syndrome for the possible diagnosis as pulmonary embolus. Results: At the imaging pulmonary arteries and the branches were normal. Celiac artery compression syndrome with Bochdalek Hernia was detected incidentally. A %75 stenosis at the origin of celiac artery and post stenotic dilatation after the stenosis was seen due to the compression. A poster medial defect at the diaphragm was seen as an additional finding for the cause of Bochdalek hernia. Conclusion: Many incidental finding can be detected at vascular and non vascular area in the routine CT angiography imaging. The pathologies like celiac artery compression syndrome and congenital diaphragm pathologies can be detected easily at CT angiography method

  16. Deep vein thrombosis of the lower limb secondary to lumbar discal hernia compression: a rarity? Review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Cello, P; Izzo, S; Pugliese, F; Di Poce, I; Orsini, A; Izzo, L; Mazzone, G; Biancucci, F; Sinaimeri, G; Valabrega, S; Almansour, M; Izzo, P

    2016-01-01

    This case report is about a 70-years-old female patient, suffering from discal hernia, with compression of the iliac vein, that led to the formation of deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs. The angio-CT scan revealed the starting point of the L4- L5 compression where a voluminous discal hernia caused deep vein thrombosis, with the involvement the femoro-popliteal venous axis. Blood samples and PET-CT scans excluded other possible etiologic factors. This case demonstrates how a voluminous discal hernia can cause venous thrombosis.

  17. What we know about management of traumatic abdominal wall hernia: review of the literature and case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamidian Jahromi, Alireza; Skweres, Justin; Sangster, Guillermo; Johnson, Lester; Samra, Navdeep

    2015-02-01

    Traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH) is an uncommon form of hernia caused by blunt traumatic disruption of the abdominal wall musculature/fascia and abdominal organ herniation. Diagnosis of TAWH is challenging and requires a high level of suspicion. This form of hernia seems to be underrepresented in the English-language medical literature. There is currently no consensus on the optimal management for TAWH. In this article, we discuss the management of a 36-year-old motorcycle driver who was involved in a road traffic accident. On evaluation at our trauma center, he was found to have TAWH. Diagnostic criteria, imaging modalities and different management options for TAWH will be discussed.

  18. A growing animal model for neonatal repair of large diaphragmatic defects to evaluate patch function and outcome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyeux, Luc; Pranpanus, Savitree; Van der Merwe, Johannes; Verbeken, Eric; De Vleeschauwer, Stephanie; Gayan-Ramirez, Ghislaine; Deprest, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Objectives We aimed to develop a more representative model for neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair in a large animal model, by creating a large defect in a fast-growing pup, using functional pulmonary and diaphragmatic read outs. Background Grafts are increasingly used to repair congenital diaphragmatic hernia with the risk of local complications. Growing animal models have been used to test novel materials. Methods 6-week-old rabbits underwent fiberoptic intubation, left subcostal laparotomy and hemi-diaphragmatic excision (either nearly complete (n = 13) or 3*3cm (n = 9)) and primary closure (Gore-Tex patch). Survival was further increased by moving to laryngeal mask airway ventilation (n = 15). Sham operated animals were used as controls (n = 6). Survivors (90 days) underwent chest X-Ray (scoliosis), measurements of maximum transdiaphragmatic pressure and breathing pattern (tidal volume, Pdi). Rates of herniation, lung histology and right hemi-diaphragmatic fiber cross-sectional area was measured. Results Rabbits surviving 90 days doubled their weight. Only one (8%) with a complete defect survived to 90 days. In the 3*3cm defect group all survived to 48 hours, however seven (78%) died later (16–49 days) from respiratory failure secondary to tracheal stricture formation. Use of a laryngeal mask airway doubled 90-day survival, one pup displaying herniation (17%). Cobb angel measurements, breathing pattern, and lung histology were comparable to sham. Under exertion, sham animals increased their maximum transdiaphragmatic pressure 134% compared to a 71% increase in patched animals (p<0.05). Patched animals had a compensatory increase in their right hemi-diaphragmatic fiber cross-sectional area (p<0.0001). Conclusions A primarily patched 3*3cm defect in growing rabbits, under laryngeal mask airway ventilation, enables adequate survival with normal lung function and reduced maximum transdiaphragmatic pressure compared to controls. PMID:28358826

  19. A growing animal model for neonatal repair of large diaphragmatic defects to evaluate patch function and outcome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Patrice Eastwood

    Full Text Available We aimed to develop a more representative model for neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair in a large animal model, by creating a large defect in a fast-growing pup, using functional pulmonary and diaphragmatic read outs.Grafts are increasingly used to repair congenital diaphragmatic hernia with the risk of local complications. Growing animal models have been used to test novel materials.6-week-old rabbits underwent fiberoptic intubation, left subcostal laparotomy and hemi-diaphragmatic excision (either nearly complete (n = 13 or 3*3cm (n = 9 and primary closure (Gore-Tex patch. Survival was further increased by moving to laryngeal mask airway ventilation (n = 15. Sham operated animals were used as controls (n = 6. Survivors (90 days underwent chest X-Ray (scoliosis, measurements of maximum transdiaphragmatic pressure and breathing pattern (tidal volume, Pdi. Rates of herniation, lung histology and right hemi-diaphragmatic fiber cross-sectional area was measured.Rabbits surviving 90 days doubled their weight. Only one (8% with a complete defect survived to 90 days. In the 3*3cm defect group all survived to 48 hours, however seven (78% died later (16-49 days from respiratory failure secondary to tracheal stricture formation. Use of a laryngeal mask airway doubled 90-day survival, one pup displaying herniation (17%. Cobb angel measurements, breathing pattern, and lung histology were comparable to sham. Under exertion, sham animals increased their maximum transdiaphragmatic pressure 134% compared to a 71% increase in patched animals (p<0.05. Patched animals had a compensatory increase in their right hemi-diaphragmatic fiber cross-sectional area (p<0.0001.A primarily patched 3*3cm defect in growing rabbits, under laryngeal mask airway ventilation, enables adequate survival with normal lung function and reduced maximum transdiaphragmatic pressure compared to controls.

  20. Umbilical venous catheter malposition and errors in interpretation in newborns with Bochdalek hernia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Patricia T.; Taylor, George A. [Boston Children' s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2015-07-15

    Neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) often require placement of lines and tubes for supportive therapy. The resulting altered anatomy can result in diagnostic errors when interpreting the location of support lines and tubes such as UVCs (umbilical venous catheters). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of CDH on UVC position and to evaluate the accuracy at which radiologists describe the position on chest radiographs. During a 5-year period, 406 chest radiographs performed within 7 days of birth in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia were identified and reviewed for the following data: presence of UVC, location of catheter tip (cavoatrial junction, intracardiac, intrahepatic or umbilical vein), and location of CDH (right or left). The radiologic report of the UVC tip location for each case was then reviewed individually to determine the adequacy of interpretation. Inadequate reports were classified as incorrect (the wrong location of the catheter tip was reported), no mention (the location of the catheter tip was in a suboptimal location but not mentioned), and not specified (the precise location of the catheter tip was not clearly stated in the report when the tip was in a suboptimal location). A total of 60 infants were identified as having CDH (56 on the left, 4 on the right). The most common location for an incorrectly placed UVC was the contralateral chest, accounting for 26.7% (16/60) of the infants, followed by an abdominal intrahepatic location (16.7%) and the umbilical vein (8.3%). Thirty percent (120/406) of the chest radiograph reports were found to be inadequate regarding the interpretation of the location of the catheter tip. The majority of the inadequate reports (48/406, 11.8%) did not specify when the catheter tip was in a suboptimal location. In 37 reports (9.1%), the location of the catheter tip was reported incorrectly, and no mention of the catheter location was made in 35 reports (8.6%). The location of

  1. Elevation of the diaphragmatic cupola

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Semenov, V.M.; Talesnik, M.R.

    1988-01-01

    Altogether 45 patients with elevation of the diaphragmatic cupola were examined. A high frequency of erroneous initial interpretation of examination results was noted in inflammatory and tumorous lesions and congenital conditions. Routine and contrast methods (pneumoperitoneum, bronchography, pleurography and fistulography) were used. Disease-related methods of X-ray investigation were proposed. A variety of causes of diaphragm elevation was indicated

  2. A pin in appendix within Amyand's hernia in a six-years-old boy: case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jashari Hysni J

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Presence of vermiform appendix (non-inflamed or inflamed in inguinal hernia is called Amyand's hernia in honor to surgeon C. Amyand who published the first case of perforated appendicitis within inguinal hernia in a boy caused by ingested pin. This presentation of foreign body Amyand's hernia appendicitis is very rare, and here we present such a case. Case presentation A 6-year-old boy, white Kosovar ethnicity, presented with right groin pain, swelling and redness. Two days before admission the patient was injured by football during a children game in the right lower abdomen and the next day he complained of pain in the right inguinal area. On admission patient had a painful non-reducible mass in the right inguinal region and cellulitis. Plain abdominal x-ray showed no fluid-air levels, but a metallic foreign body (pin under right superior pubic ramus was apparent. With preoperative diagnosis of suspect incarcerated inguinal hernia with cellulitis the patient was operated on under general anaesthesia in December 2, 2006. Intraoperatively we found the inflamed vermiform appendix perforated by a pin in the hernial sac. Appendectomy and herniotomy were performed. The wound was primary closed, without any post-operative complications and follow up for the patient is three years long. Conclusion Foreign body (pin Amyand's hernia appendicitis seems to be extremely rare, maybe once in a century (Amyand 1735, Hall 1886, and our case in 2006. In patients with clinical signs of incarcerated inguinal hernia, with locally inflammatory signs, but without signs of intestinal obstruction Amyand's hernia appendicitis in differential diagnosis must be considered. In our case, it is possible that the injury during the football game might have induced perforation of the vermiform appendix with the foreign body in it.

  3. A pin in appendix within Amyand's hernia in a six-years-old boy: case report and review of literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Presence of vermiform appendix (non-inflamed or inflamed) in inguinal hernia is called Amyand's hernia in honor to surgeon C. Amyand who published the first case of perforated appendicitis within inguinal hernia in a boy caused by ingested pin. This presentation of foreign body Amyand's hernia appendicitis is very rare, and here we present such a case. Case presentation A 6-year-old boy, white Kosovar ethnicity, presented with right groin pain, swelling and redness. Two days before admission the patient was injured by football during a children game in the right lower abdomen and the next day he complained of pain in the right inguinal area. On admission patient had a painful non-reducible mass in the right inguinal region and cellulitis. Plain abdominal x-ray showed no fluid-air levels, but a metallic foreign body (pin) under right superior pubic ramus was apparent. With preoperative diagnosis of suspect incarcerated inguinal hernia with cellulitis the patient was operated on under general anaesthesia in December 2, 2006. Intraoperatively we found the inflamed vermiform appendix perforated by a pin in the hernial sac. Appendectomy and herniotomy were performed. The wound was primary closed, without any post-operative complications and follow up for the patient is three years long. Conclusion Foreign body (pin) Amyand's hernia appendicitis seems to be extremely rare, maybe once in a century (Amyand 1735, Hall 1886, and our case in 2006). In patients with clinical signs of incarcerated inguinal hernia, with locally inflammatory signs, but without signs of intestinal obstruction Amyand's hernia appendicitis in differential diagnosis must be considered. In our case, it is possible that the injury during the football game might have induced perforation of the vermiform appendix with the foreign body in it. PMID:20482877

  4. Prenatal tracheal ligation or intra-amniotic administration of surfactant or dexamethasone prevents some structural changes in the pulmonary arteries of surgically created diaphragmatic hernia in rabbits Ligadura de traquéia no período pré-natal ou administração intra-amniótica de surfactante ou dexametasona evitam algumas alterações estruturais nas artérias pulmonares de fetos de coelho com hérnia diafragmática congênita produzida com cirurgia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Consuelo J. Rodrigues

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Characterization of the structural changes occurring in the pulmonary arteries resulting from surgically produced congenital diaphragmatic hernia in rabbits, with particular emphasis on the preventive effects of prenatal tracheal ligation or administration of intra-amniotic dexamethasone or surfactant. METHODS: Twenty rabbit fetuses underwent surgical creation of a left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia on the 24th or 25th gestational day. They were divided according to the following procedures: congenital diaphragmatic hernia (n = 5, congenital diaphragmatic hernia plus tracheal ligation (n = 5, congenital diaphragmatic hernia plus intra-amniotic administration of dexamethasone 0.4 mg (n = 5 or surfactant (Curosurf 40 mg, n = 5. On gestational day 30, all the fetuses were delivered by caesarean section and killed. A control group consisted of five nonoperated fetuses. Histomorphometric analysis of medial thickness, cell nuclei density, and elastic fiber density of pulmonary arterial walls was performed. RESULTS: Arteries with an external diameter > 100 mum have a decreased medial thickness, lower cell nuclei density, and greater elastic fiber density when compared with arteries with external diameter 100 mum. Prenatal treatments with tracheal ligation or intra-amniotic administration of dexamethasone or surfactant prevented these changes. In arteries with external diameter OBJETIVO: Caracterização das alterações estruturais que ocorrem nas artérias pulmonares de fetos de coelho com hérnia diafragmática congênita produzida com cirurgia, com destaque especial aos efeitos preventivos da ligadura de traquéia ou administração intra-amniótica de dexametasona ou surfactante. MÉTODOS: Vinte fetos de coelho foram submetidos a cirurgia para produção de hérnia diafragmática no 24º ou 25º dia de gestação. Os animais foram divididos de acordo com os procedimentos: hérnia diafragmática congênita (n = 5, hérnia diafragm

  5. Traumatic diaphragmatic ruptures: clinical presentation, diagnosis and surgical approach in adults

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    Hofmann, Sabine

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Traumatic diaphragmatic injuries are rare, but potentially life-threatening due to herniation of abdominal organs into the pleural cavities. They can be easily overlooked on initial diagnostics and a high index of suspicion is required. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the clinical presentation, diagnostic methods and surgical management of patients with diaphragmatic rupture at our institution. Methods: A retrospective study was performed to analyze our experience with patients suffering from traumatic diaphragmatic rupture. Charts were reviewed for sex, age, side-location, concomitant injuries, time-to-diagnosis, diagnostic methods, surgical approach and outcome. Results: Fourteen patients (median age: 46 yrs, range 18–71, 9 male, 5 female with diaphragmatic injuries (left side: 10, right side: 4 were treated between July 2003 and September 2011. Mechanism of injury was a penetrating trauma (14%, blunt trauma (50% and others (36%. Associated abdominal injuries included spleen rupture (n=3, liver laceration (n=2, abdominal wall laceration (n=2 and gastric perforation (n=1. Computed tomography was the most sensitive diagnostic method. All patients underwent trans-abdominal repair of the diaphragmatic defect (direct suture: 10, prosthetic mesh insertion: 4. Associated abdominal procedures included splenectomy (n=3, liver packing (n=2, abdominal wall reconstruction (n=2 and partial gastric resection (n=1. Morbidity and hospital mortality rate were 36% and 0%, respectively. Median postoperative hospital stay was 17 days (range: 7–40 days. Conclusion: Morbidity and mortality of diaphragmatic ruptures are mainly determined by associated injuries or complications of diaphragmatic herniation like incarceration of viscera or lung failure. Early diagnosis helps to prevent severe complications. Spiral CT-scan is the most reliable tool for acute diagnosis of diaphragmatic rupture and associated visceral lacerations

  6. Mesh Inguinal Hernia Repair and Appendectomy in the Treatment of Amyand's Hernia with Non-Inflamed Appendices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kose, Emin; Sisik, Abdullah

    2017-01-01

    Amyand's hernia is defined as protrusion of the vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac. It is a rare entity with variable clinical presentation from normal vermiform appendix to abscess formation due to perforation of acute appendicitis. Although surgical treatment includes appendectomy and hernia repair, appendectomy in the absence of an inflamed appendix and use of a mesh in cases of appendectomy remain to be controversial. The aim of this study was to review the experience of mesh inguinal hernia repair plus appendectomy performed for Amyand's hernia with noninflamed appendices. There were five male patients with a mean age of 42.4 ± 16.1 years in this retrospective study in which Amyand's hernia was treated with mesh inguinal hernia repair plus appendectomy for noninflamed appendices. Patients with acute appendicitis and perforated vermiform appendix were excluded. There were four right sided and one bilateral inguinal hernia. Postoperative courses were uneventful. During the follow-up period (14.0 ± 7.7 months), there was no inguinal hernia recurrence. Mesh inguinal hernia repair with appendectomy can be performed for Amyand's hernia in the absence of acute appendicitis. However, presence of fibrous connections between the vermiform appendix and the surrounding hernia sac may be regarded as a parameter to perform appendectomy. PMID:28194430

  7. Mesh Inguinal Hernia Repair and Appendectomy in the Treatment of Amyand’s Hernia with Non-Inflamed Appendices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emin Kose

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Amyand’s hernia is defined as protrusion of the vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac. It is a rare entity with variable clinical presentation from normal vermiform appendix to abscess formation due to perforation of acute appendicitis. Although surgical treatment includes appendectomy and hernia repair, appendectomy in the absence of an inflamed appendix and use of a mesh in cases of appendectomy remain to be controversial. The aim of this study was to review the experience of mesh inguinal hernia repair plus appendectomy performed for Amyand’s hernia with noninflamed appendices. There were five male patients with a mean age of 42.4 ± 16.1 years in this retrospective study in which Amyand’s hernia was treated with mesh inguinal hernia repair plus appendectomy for noninflamed appendices. Patients with acute appendicitis and perforated vermiform appendix were excluded. There were four right sided and one bilateral inguinal hernia. Postoperative courses were uneventful. During the follow-up period (14.0 ± 7.7 months, there was no inguinal hernia recurrence. Mesh inguinal hernia repair with appendectomy can be performed for Amyand’s hernia in the absence of acute appendicitis. However, presence of fibrous connections between the vermiform appendix and the surrounding hernia sac may be regarded as a parameter to perform appendectomy.

  8. Stomal Closure: Strategies to Prevent Incisional Hernia

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    Rhiannon L. Harries

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Incisional hernias following ostomy reversal occur frequently. Incisional hernias at the site of a previous stoma closure can cause significant morbidity, impaired quality of life, lead to life-threatening hernia incarceration or strangulation and result in a significant financial burden on health care systems Despite this, the evidence base on the subject is limited. Many recognised risk factors for the development of incisional hernia following ostomy reversal are related to patient factors such as age, malignancy, diabetes, COPD, hypertension and obesity, and are not easily correctable. There is a limited amount of evidence to suggest that prophylactic mesh reinforcement may be of benefit to reduce the post stoma closure incisional hernia rate but a further large scale randomised controlled trial is due to report in the near future. There appears to be weak evidence to suggest that surgeons should favour circular, or “purse-string” closure of the skin following stoma closure in order to reduce the risk of SSI, which in turn may reduce incisional hernia formation. There remains the need for further evidence in relation to suture technique, skin closure techniques, mechanical bowel preparation and oral antibiotic prescription focusing on incisional hernia development as an outcome measure. Within this review, we discuss in detail the evidence base for the risk factors for the development of, and the strategies to prevent ostomy reversal site incisional hernias.

  9. Stomal Closure: Strategies to Prevent Incisional Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harries, Rhiannon L.; Torkington, Jared

    2018-01-01

    Incisional hernias following ostomy reversal occur frequently. Incisional hernias at the site of a previous stoma closure can cause significant morbidity, impaired quality of life, lead to life-threatening hernia incarceration or strangulation and result in a significant financial burden on health care systems Despite this, the evidence base on the subject is limited. Many recognised risk factors for the development of incisional hernia following ostomy reversal are related to patient factors such as age, malignancy, diabetes, COPD, hypertension and obesity, and are not easily correctable. There is a limited amount of evidence to suggest that prophylactic mesh reinforcement may be of benefit to reduce the post stoma closure incisional hernia rate but a further large scale randomised controlled trial is due to report in the near future. There appears to be weak evidence to suggest that surgeons should favour circular, or “purse-string” closure of the skin following stoma closure in order to reduce the risk of SSI, which in turn may reduce incisional hernia formation. There remains the need for further evidence in relation to suture technique, skin closure techniques, mechanical bowel preparation and oral antibiotic prescription focusing on incisional hernia development as an outcome measure. Within this review, we discuss in detail the evidence base for the risk factors for the development of, and the strategies to prevent ostomy reversal site incisional hernias. PMID:29670882

  10. Chronic pain after mesh versus nonmesh repair of inguinal hernias: A systematic review and a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öberg, Stina; Andresen, Kristoffer; Klausen, Tobias W; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2018-03-13

    Chronic pain affects 10%-12% of patients after inguinal hernia repairs. Some have suggested that less foreign material may theoretically prevent pain. If the prevalence of chronic pain is less after nonmesh repairs, selected hernias might be repaired without mesh. Our aim was to clarify if nonmesh repairs are superior to mesh repairs regarding chronic pain. For this systematic review, searches were conducted in five databases. The main outcome was chronic pain reported a minimum of six months after mesh and nonmesh repair in adult patients with a primary inguinal hernia. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. A total of 23 RCTs with 5,444 patients were included. The median follow up was 1.4 years (range 0.5-10). Twenty-one studies reported crude chronic pain rates, and when considering moderate and severe pain, the prevalences of pain after nonmesh repairs and mesh repairs were similar: median 3.5% (0%-16.2%) versus median 2.9% (0%-27.6%), respectively. Both the meta-analyses and the network meta-analysis indicated no difference in chronic pain rates when comparing nonmesh repairs with open- and laparoscopic mesh repairs. Mesh may be used without fear of causing a greater rate of chronic pain. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Left paraduodenal hernias; Hernias paraduodenales izquierdas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Negrete, L.; Garcia-Lozano, J.; Sanchez, J. L.; Tejeiro, A.; Sala, J. [Hospital Valle del Nalon. Riano-Sama. Asturias (Spain)

    2002-07-01

    We report two cases of left paraduodenal internal hernias located in the fossa of Landzert that were diagnosed by CT. Internal hernias are an infrequent cause of acute abdomen, due to the intestinal sub occlusion they produce. Left paraduodenal hernias are responsible for about 50% of internal hernias. CT makes it possible to demonstrate the group of herniated loops between the stomach, fourth segment of the duodenum, descending colon, and tail of the pancreas. The identification of the loops in an atypical position together with displaced blood vessels (mesenteric vessels) and colon gives concerns on them a typical radiological semiology that makes them easily identifiable. (Author) 9 refs.

  12. Inguinal hernia (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inguinal hernia is the result of an organ, usually bowel, protruding through a weak point or tear in the thin muscular abdominal wall. Inguinal hernias can restrict blood supply to the bowel herniated through the defect, creating a medical emergency.

  13. Inguinal hernia repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your abdomen. The surgeon then closes your weakened abdominal muscles with stitches. Often a piece of mesh is ... or your hernia bothers you during your everyday activities. If the hernia is not causing you problems, ...

  14. Deep vein thrombosis of the lower limb secondary to lumbar discal hernia compression: a rarity? Review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    DI CELLO, P.; IZZO, S.; PUGLIESE, F.; DI POCE, I.; ORSINI, A.; IZZO, L.; MAZZONE, G.; BIANCUCCI, F.; SINAIMERI, G.; VALABREGA, S.; ALMANSOUR, M.; IZZO, P.

    2016-01-01

    This case report is about a 70-years-old female patient, suffering from discal hernia, with compression of the iliac vein, that led to the formation of deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs. The angio-CT scan revealed the starting point of the L4–L5 compression where a voluminous discal hernia caused deep vein thrombosis, with the involvement the femoro-popliteal venous axis. Blood samples and PET-CT scans excluded other possible etiologic factors. This case demonstrates how a voluminous di...

  15. Inguinal hernia vs. arthritis of the hip in sporting adolescents--case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzheimer, R G; Gresser, U

    2007-07-26

    Chronic pain in the hip, groin or thigh can be caused by a wide spectrum of diseases posing extended diagnostic problems. We describe the case of a 10-years old child with chronic pain in the groin with gait restriction for more than six months without successful classification and treatment. The girl suffered from heavy pain in the groin after a sporting contest which forced her to walk with walking sticks and to avoid climbing stairs. Within six months she was examined by pediatric, orthopedic, pediatric surgery, pediatric orthopedic, radiology, pediatric rheumatology specialists. Working diagnoses were transient synovitis (coxitis fugax), arthritis, streptococcal arthritis, Morbus Perthes, rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis. She was treated with antibiotics and ibuprofen in high dosage. Repeated laboratory tests and imaging studies (ultrasound, x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging) of the hip and pelvis did not support any of these diagnoses. Six months after beginning of the complaints the girl was presented by her mother to our institution. The physical examination showed a sharp localized pain in the groin, just in the region of the inguinal ligament with otherwise free hip movement. There was no visible inguinal hernia. The family history for hernia was positive. After infiltration of the ilioinguinal nerve the girl had a complete long-lasting disappearance of pain and gait disturbance. This led to the diagnosis of inguinal hernia with nerve entrapment. After hernia repair and neurolysis/neurectomy there was a continuous state of disappearance of pain and gait disturbances. To avoid such a diagnostic dilemma one should always discuss all possible causes. Non-visible inguinal hernia may be more common in females than previously thought. Nerve entrapment as a cause of groin pain has been well described. The relationship of the start of complaints with sporting activity, a positive family history for inguinal hernia, a lack of signs of inflammation and bone

  16. Ovarian Hernia; A rarity

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    Kamran A Malik

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Ovarian hernias are extremely rare. The prevalence of ovaries and fallopian tubes in operable inguinal hernias is only about 2.9%. We report here an unusual case of an ovary in a hernia sac in an adult female. She presented with symptoms and signs of an incarcerated left inguinal hernia. The left ovary contained a haemorrhagic cyst and, along with the left fallopian tube and broad ligament, these were found in the sac. She underwent a left ovarian cystectomy and the inguinal hernia was repaired with mesh.

  17. Inguinal hernia recurrence: Classification and approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campanelli Giampiero

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors reviewed the records of 2,468 operations of groin hernia in 2,350 patients, including 277 recurrent hernias updated to January 2005. The data obtained - evaluating technique, results and complications - were used to propose a simple anatomo-clinical classification into three types which could be used to plan the surgical strategy:Type R1: first recurrence ′high,′ oblique external, reducible hernia with small (< 2 cm defect in non-obese patients, after pure tissue or mesh repairType R2: first recurrence ′low,′ direct, reducible hernia with small (< 2 cm defect in non-obese patients, after pure tissue or mesh repairType R3: all the other recurrences - including femoral recurrences; recurrent groin hernia with big defect (inguinal eventration; multirecurrent hernias; nonreducible, linked with a controlateral primitive or recurrent hernia; and situations compromised from aggravating factors (for example obesity or anyway not easily included in R1 or R2, after pure tissue or mesh repair.

  18. [Monster hernia programme in Hernia Centre Liberec].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Škach, J; Harcubová, R; Petráková, V; Brzulová, L; Krejbichová, M; Kocmanová, K

    The authors introduce a unique programme in the Czech Republic focused on extreme herniology. Patients with giant complex ventral hernias (monster hernias) have been concentrated in a high-volume hernia center with the most advanced perioperative intensive care since 2012. The authors present their single centre experience with the support of literature. Between 20122015 we operated on 36 patients with a giant complex hernia. Minimal inclusion criteria for enrolment in the very heterogeneous group included: a defect over 15 cm wide, loss of domain of 20% and higher, and the mean surface area of at least 225 cm².We consider not only advanced abdominal wall reconstruction techniques to be essential in the treatment of giant complex ventral hernias. Open component separation, endoscopic component separation technique, bariatric procedures, panniculectomy, abdominoplasty, advancement flaps, skin grafting, preoperative progressive pneumoperitoneum, CT volumetry, individual binders tailoring, crane pulley and many others (see the text) should all be included in the armamentarium of such specialized, high-volume hernia centres. The anatomy, function and aesthetics should be inseparable parts of preoperative planning. Apart from the operation there are three major aspects in the treatment of the so called monster hernias: tailoring, preconditioning and complex postoperative care. NPWT (negative pressure wound therapy) should be easily accessible in case of extensive skin necrosis with mesh infection after major abdominal hernia repairs. Using negative pressure we have saved 100% of infected prostheses from explantation (including MRSA, ESBL..). Monster hernia programme is challenging for both the patient and the surgeon. It is costly, time consuming, associated with a high complication ratio (high morbidity and recurrence) and is designed for patients with a significant health, social, work, sexual and sports handicap, and with the risk of further severe or irreversible

  19. Treatment of De Garengeot’s hernia using De Oliveira’s technic: A case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heros Souza Couto Jr.

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: This paper presents a case of a 84yo female with De Garengeot’s hernia that was submitted to a correction using the De Oliveira’s technic. A low cost technic with great results without use of polypropylene mesh.

  20. The effect of TISSEEL fibrin sealant on seroma formation following complex abdominal wall hernia repair: a single institutional review and derived cost analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azoury, S C; Rodriguez-Unda, N; Soares, K C; Hicks, C W; Baltodano, P A; Poruk, K E; Hu, Q L; Cooney, C M; Cornell, P; Burce, K; Eckhauser, F E

    2015-12-01

    The authors evaluated the ability of a fibrin sealant (TISSEEL™: Baxter Healthcare Corp, Deerfield, IL, USA) to reduce the incidence of post-operative seroma following abdominal wall hernia repair. We performed a 4-year retrospective review of patients undergoing abdominal wall hernia repair, with and without TISSEEL, by a single surgeon (FEE) at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. Demographics, surgical risk factors, operative data and 30-day outcomes, including wound complications and related interventions, were compared. The quantity and cost of Tisseel per case was reviewed. A total of 250 patients were evaluated: 127 in the TISSEEL group and 123 in the non-TISSEEL control group. The average age for both groups was 56.6 years (P = 0.97). The majority of patients were female (TISSEEL 52.8%, non-TISSEEL 56.1%, P = 0.59) and ASA Class III (TISSEEL 56.7%, non-TISSEEL 58.5%, P = 0.40). There was no difference in the average defect size for both groups (TISSEEL 217 ± 187.6 cm(2), non-TISSEEL 161.3 ± 141.5 cm(2), P = 0.36). Surgical site occurrences occurred in 18.1% of the TISSEEL and 13% of the non-TISSEEL group (P = 0.27). There was a trend towards an increased incidence of seroma in the TISSEEL group (TISSEEL 11%, non-TISSEEL 4.9%, P = 0.07). A total of $124,472.50 was spent on TISSEEL, at an average cost of $995.78 per case. In the largest study to date, TISSEEL™ application offered no advantage for the reduction of post-operative seroma formation following complex abdominal hernia repair. Moreover, the use of this sealant was associated with significant costs.

  1. Current concepts in the management of inguinal hernia and hydrocele in pediatric patients in laparoscopic era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esposito, Ciro; Escolino, Maria; Turrà, Francesco; Roberti, Agnese; Cerulo, Mariapina; Farina, Alessandra; Caiazzo, Simona; Cortese, Giuseppe; Servillo, Giuseppe; Settimi, Alessandro

    2016-08-01

    The surgical repair of inguinal hernia and hydrocele is one of the most common operations performed in pediatric surgery practice. This article reviews current concepts in the management of inguinal hernia and hydrocele based on the recent literature and the authors׳ experience. We describe the principles of clinical assessment and anesthetic management of children undergoing repair of inguinal hernia, underlining the differences between an inguinal approach and minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Other points discussed include the current management of particular aspects of these pathologies such as bilateral hernias; contralateral patency of the peritoneal processus vaginalis; hernias in premature infants; direct, femoral, and other rare hernias; and the management of incarcerated or recurrent hernias. In addition, the authors discuss the role of laparoscopy in the surgical treatment of an inguinal hernia and hydrocele, emphasizing that the current use of MIS in pediatric patients has completely changed the management of pediatric inguinal hernias. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Congenital mesenteric hernia in neonates: Still a dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parkash Mandhan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital transmesenteric hernia in neonates is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction with devastating outcomes and still remains a challenge to diagnose pre-operatively. Patients are often managed with emergency surgical exploration and may need bowel resection. We present 2 neonates with small bowel obstruction secondary to strangulated transmesenteric hernia through a congenital defect in the small bowel mesentery, which were managed successfully. We have also reviewed the literature about congenital transmesenteric hernia in neonates.

  3. Amyad's hernia while reparing the bilateral inguinal hernia

    OpenAIRE

    Arif Aslaner; Tuğrul Çakır; Umut Rıza Gündüz; Burhan Mayir; Nurullah Bülbüller

    2015-01-01

    Amyand's hernia is the term used for inguinal hernia containing appendix. It is a rare condition and found in 1% of inguinal hernia repairs. Here we report a case of Amyand's hernia in a 61 years old male who was diagnosed with bilateral inguinal hernia. He underwent surgery and bilateral inguinal hernia repair with prosthetic meshes and without appendectomy. The patient was discharged uneventfully. 

  4. Amyad's hernia while reparing the bilateral inguinal hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Aslaner

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Amyand's hernia is the term used for inguinal hernia containing appendix. It is a rare condition and found in 1% of inguinal hernia repairs. Here we report a case of Amyand's hernia in a 61 years old male who was diagnosed with bilateral inguinal hernia. He underwent surgery and bilateral inguinal hernia repair with prosthetic meshes and without appendectomy. The patient was discharged uneventfully. 

  5. Treating and Preventing Sports Hernias

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Close ‹ Back to Healthy Living Treating and Preventing Sports Hernias If you play ice hockey, tennis or ... for the most commonly misdiagnosed groin pain—a sports hernia. A sports hernia often results from overuse ...

  6. Primary ventral or groin hernia in pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oma, Erling; Bay-Nielsen, M; Jensen, K K

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Prevalence, management, and risk of emergency operation for primary ventral or groin hernia in pregnancy are unknown. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalences of primary ventral or groin hernia in pregnancy and the potential risks for elective and emergency repair...... was conducted to identify patients registered with a primary ventral or groin hernia in pregnancy. Follow-up was conducted by review of medical record notes within the Capital Region of Denmark supplemented with structured telephone interviews on indication. RESULTS: In total, 20,714 pregnant women were...... included in the study cohort. Seventeen (0.08%) and 25 (0.12%) women were registered with a primary ventral and groin hernia, respectively. None underwent elective or emergency repair in pregnancy, and all had uncomplicated childbirth. In 10 women, the groin bulge disappeared spontaneously after delivery...

  7. Stapled Mesh Reinforcement Technique (SMART) to Prevent Parastomal Hernias: Our Initial Experience and Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macina, Simona; Mandolfino, Francesca; Frascio, Marco; Casaccia, Marco; Stabilini, Cesare; Fornaro, Rosario; Testa, Tommaso

    2016-04-01

    Parastomal hernia is one of the most common stoma related complication, with the correlated risk of incarceration, obstruction, and strangulation. The incidence is high (30-50%) and depends on the length of follow up. Different surgical options for repairing are defective with a 25-70% failure and recurrence rate. Prevention of parastomal hernia with mesh reinforcement seems to be effective. Three available trials are recruiting patients: Prism (with matrix porcine prothesis), Prevent (with preperitoneal polypropylene mesh), and the stapled polypropylene mesh stoma reinforcement technique (SMART). We performed the SMART procedure in six patients undergoing definitive colostomy. Our cases show that the procedure is rapid (duration range 15-20 minutes), cost effective (500 euro), and safe (in our experience, there are no post-surgical complications that are procedure-related). A long term follow-up and a higher number of patients will give us confirmation of the initial hopeful results.

  8. A systematic review and meta-analysis concerning single-site laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure for pediatric inguinal hernia and hydrocele.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yi; Wang, Furan; Zhong, Hongji; Zhao, Junfeng; Li, Yan; Shi, Zhan

    2017-12-01

    Single-site laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (SLPEC) of hernia sac/processus vaginalis has been widely performed for repair of inguinal hernia/hydrocele in children. However, a variety of surgical instruments and techniques were used, and significant differences existed among the SLPEC reports. A literature search was performed for all available studies concerning SLPEC for pediatric inguinal hernia/hydrocele in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane library. The surgical details and operative outcomes were pooled and analyzed with software StataSE 12.0. 49 studies fulfilled the predefined inclusion criteria of this review and 37 studies were finally included in the meta-analysis. The mean incidence of CPPV was 29.1% (range 5.73-43.0%). The average of mean operative time was 19.56 min (range 8.30-41.19 min) for unilateral SLPEC and 27.23 min (range 12.80-48.19 min) for bilateral SLPEC. The total incidence of injury, conversion, recurrence, hydrocele formation, knot reaction, severe pain, and scrotal swelling was 0.32% (range 0-3.24%), 0.05% (range 0-0.89%), 0.70% (range 0-15.5%), 0.23% (range 0-3.57%), 0.33% (range 0-3.33%), 0.05% (range 0-4.55%), and 0.03% (range 0-1.52%), respectively. There was no development of testicular atrophy. Subgroup analyses showed an inverse correlation between the injury incidence and adoption of assisted forceps, hydrodissection, and blunt puncture device, between the conversion rate and adoption of hydrodissection, between the recurrence/hydrocele incidence and adoption of assisted forceps, hydrodissection, nonabsorbable suture and the preventive measures to avoid ligating the unnecessary subcutaneous tissues, and between the rate of knot reaction and adoption of assisted forceps, hydrodissection, and the preventive measures. SLPEC was a well-developed procedure for repair of pediatric inguinal hernia/hydrocele. Adoption of assisted forceps, hydrodissection, nonabsorbable suture, and the preventive measures to avoid

  9. Abdominal wall hernias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Nadia A; Mortensen, Joachim H; Lorentzen, Lea

    2016-01-01

    that abdominal wall hernia formation is associated with altered collagen metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate biomarkers for type IV and V collagen turnover in patients with multiple hernias and control subjects without hernia. METHODS: Venous blood was collected from 88 men (mean age, 62 years......) with a history of more than 3 hernia repairs and 86, age-matched men without hernias. Biomarkers for synthesis of collagen type IV (P4NP) and type V (P5CP) as well as breakdown (C4M and C5M) were measured in serum by validated, solid-phase, competitive assays. Collagen turnover was indicated by the ratio between...... the biomarker for synthesis and breakdown. RESULTS: Type IV collagen turnover was 1.4-fold increased in patients with multiple hernias compared to control subjects (P turnover was 1.7-fold decreased (P

  10. Review of MRI technique and imaging findings in athletic pubalgia and the "sports hernia".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullens, Frank E; Zoga, Adam C; Morrison, William B; Meyers, William C

    2012-12-01

    The clinical syndrome of athletic pubalgia has prematurely ended many promising athletic careers, has made many active, fitness conscious adults more sedentary, and has served as a diagnostic and therapeutic conundrum for innumerable trainers and physicians worldwide for decades. This diagnosis actually arises from one or more lesions within a spectrum of musculoskeletal and visceral injuries. In recent years, MRI has helped define many of these syndromes, and has proven to be both sensitive and specific for numerous potential causes of athletic pubalgia. This text will provide a comprehensive, up to date review of expected and sometimes unexpected MRI findings in the setting of athletic pubalgia, and will delineate an imaging algorithm and MRI protocol to help guide radiologists and other clinicians dealing with refractory, activity related groin pain in an otherwise young, healthy patient. There is still more to be learned about prevention and treatment plans for athletic pubalgia lesions, but accurate diagnosis should be much less nebulous and difficult with the use of MRI as a primary imaging modality. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Adult abdominal hernias.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Murphy, Kevin P

    2014-06-01

    Educational Objectives and Key Points. 1. Given that abdominal hernias are a frequent imaging finding, radiologists not only are required to interpret the appearances of abdominal hernias but also should be comfortable with identifying associated complications and postrepair findings. 2. CT is the imaging modality of choice for the assessment of a known adult abdominal hernia in both elective and acute circumstances because of rapid acquisition, capability of multiplanar reconstruction, good spatial resolution, and anatomic depiction with excellent sensitivity for most complications. 3. Ultrasound is useful for adult groin assessment and is the imaging modality of choice for pediatric abdominal wall hernia assessment, whereas MRI is beneficial when there is reasonable concern that a patient\\'s symptoms could be attributable to a hernia or a musculoskeletal source. 4. Fluoroscopic herniography is a sensitive radiologic investigation for patients with groin pain in whom a hernia is suspected but in whom a hernia cannot be identified at physical examination. 5. The diagnosis of an internal hernia not only is a challenging clinical diagnosis but also can be difficult to diagnose with imaging: Closed-loop small-bowel obstruction and abnormally located bowel loops relative to normally located small bowel or colon should prompt assessment for an internal hernia.

  12. Inguinal hernia repair at the Aga Khan Hospital, Nairobi: Practice ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To review the current hernia repair methods at the Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) and relate to the preferred method of choice for groin hernia repair among the practicing general surgeons. Design: An audit from retrospective practices. Setting: A tertiary referral hospital, Aga Khan University Hospital, ...

  13. Endometriosis-related spontaneous diaphragmatic rupture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triponez, Frédéric; Alifano, Marco; Bobbio, Antonio; Regnard, Jean-François

    2010-10-01

    Non-traumatic, spontaneous diaphragmatic rupture is a rare event whose pathophysiology is not known. We report the case of endometriosis-related spontaneous rupture of the right diaphragm with intrathoracic herniation of the liver, gallbladder and colon. We hypothesize that the invasiveness of endometriotic tissue caused diaphragm fragility, which finally lead to its complete rupture without traumatic event. The treatment consisted of a classical management of diaphragmatic rupture, with excision of the endometriotic nodule followed by medical ovarian suppression for six months.

  14. Congenital diaphragmatic eventration in a stillborn foal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Carney; Collyer, Petra Borchers; Loynachan, Alan

    2006-07-01

    A stillborn full term foal was presented at necropsy. The dilated duodenum and the dorsal and ventral left colon and cecum extended into the thoracic cavity and were encased by a thin transparent membrane originating from the diaphragm. The congenital condition was diagnosed as a developmental anomaly with diaphragmatic eventration. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of diaphragmatic eventration in a Thoroughbred stillborn foal.

  15. Criteria for definition of a complex abdominal wall hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, N J; Montgomery, A; Berrevoet, F; Carbonell, A M; Chang, A; Franklin, M; Kercher, K W; Lammers, B J; Parra-Davilla, E; Roll, S; Towfigh, S; van Geffen, E; Conze, J; van Goor, H

    2014-02-01

    A clear definition of "complex (abdominal wall) hernia" is missing, though the term is often used. Practically all "complex hernia" literature is retrospective and lacks proper description of the population. There is need for clarification and classification to improve patient care and allow comparison of different surgical approaches. The aim of this study was to reach consensus on criteria used to define a patient with "complex" hernia. Three consensus meetings were convened by surgeons with expertise in complex abdominal wall hernias, aimed at laying down criteria that can be used to define "complex hernia" patients, and to divide patients in severity classes. To aid discussion, literature review was performed to identify hernia classification systems, and to find evidence for patient and hernia variables that influence treatment and/or prognosis. Consensus was reached on 22 patient and hernia variables for "complex" hernia criteria inclusion which were grouped under four categories: "Size and location", "Contamination/soft tissue condition", "Patient history/risk factors", and "Clinical scenario". These variables were further divided in three patient severity classes ('Minor', 'Moderate', and 'Major') to provide guidance for peri-operative planning and measures, the risk of a complicated post-operative course, and the extent of financial costs associated with treatment of these hernia patients. Common criteria that can be used in defining and describing "complex" (abdominal wall) hernia patients have been identified and divided under four categories and three severity classes. Next step would be to create and validate treatment algorithms to guide the choice of surgical technique including mesh type for the various complex hernias.

  16. Predictors of Incisional Hernia after Robotic Assisted Radical Prostatectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avinash Chennamsetty

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. To explore the long term incidence and predictors of incisional hernia in patients that had RARP. Methods. All patients who underwent RARP between 2003 and 2012 were mailed a survey reviewing hernia type, location, and repair. Results. Of 577 patients, 48 (8.3% had a hernia at an incisional site (35 men had umbilical, diagnosed at (median 1.2 years after RARP (mean follow-up of 5.05 years. No statistically significant differences were found in preoperative diabetes, smoking, pathological stage, age, intraoperative/postoperative complications, operative time, blood loss, BMI, and drain type between patients with and without incisional hernias. Incisional hernia patients had larger median prostate weight (45 versus 38 grams; P=0.001 and a higher proportion had prior laparoscopic cholecystectomy (12.5% (6/48 versus 4.6% (22/480; P=0.033. Overall, 4% (23/577 of patients underwent surgical repair of 24 incisional hernias, 22 umbilical and 2 other port site hernias. Conclusion. Incisional hernia is a known complication of RARP and may be associated with a larger prostate weight and history of prior laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is concern about the underreporting of incisional hernia after RARP, as it is a complication often requiring surgical revision and is of significance for patient counseling before surgery.

  17. Poorly understood and often miscategorized congenital umbilical cord hernia: an alternative repair method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    İnce, E; Temiz, A; Ezer, S S; Gezer, H Ö; Hiçsönmez, A

    2017-06-01

    Umbilical cord hernia is poorly understood and often miscategorized as "omphalocele minor". Careless clamping of the cord leads to iatrogenic gut injury in the situation of umbilical cord hernia. This study aimed to determine the characteristics and outcomes of umbilical cord hernias. We also highlight an alternative repair method for umbilical cord hernias. We recorded 15 cases of umbilical cord hernias over 10 years. The patients' data were retrospectively reviewed, and preoperative preparation of the newborn, gestational age, birth weight, other associated malformations, surgical technique used, enteral nutrition, and length of hospitalization were recorded. This study included 15 neonates with umbilical cord hernias. The mean gestational age at the time of referral was 38.2 ± 2.1 umbilical cord hernia, the body folds develop normally and form the umbilical ring. The double purse-string technique is easy to apply and produces satisfactory cosmetic results in neonates with umbilical cord hernias.

  18. Retrospective analysis of umbilical, epigastric, and small incisional hernia repair using the Ventralex™ hernia patch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tollens, T; Den Hondt, M; Devroe, K; Terry, C; Speybroeck, S; Aelvoet, C; Vanrykel, J-P

    2011-10-01

    The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the long-term recurrence and complication rates following small abdominal wall hernia repair with the Ventralex hernia patch. The study also aimed to identify risk factors for hernia recurrence in patients undergoing such repair and to examine the relationship between quality of life and hernia recurrence. Hernia repair using prosthetic mesh materials has become the preferred method of repair, as the recurrence rates are much lower than with conventional repair techniques. The prevention of long-term complications and improvements in the quality of life should also be considered as important features of successful repair. The Ventralex patch is a bilayer prosthesis, designed for retromuscular or intraperitoneal placement. Currently, seven studies have evaluated the device for small ventral hernia repair, and all have shown low short- and long-term recurrence rates. The medical records of 176 patients who underwent abdominal wall hernia repair using the Ventralex patch between May 2004 and February 2009 were reviewed. All patients were followed up after 1 month and later in 2010. The rate of recurrence, immediate postoperative and long-term complications, and quality of life were evaluated. Long-term follow-up data were available for 135 patients. The mean follow-up was 49 months (range 13-70 months). There were 12 hernia recurrences (8.9%) during this time. Postoperative (1-month) complications included seroma (4%), superficial surgical site infections (3%), and an abscess (1.5%). At the mean long-term follow-up, complications included infection (1.5%) and subobstruction (1.5%). The only risk factor for hernia recurrence was female gender (unadjusted odds ratio 0.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.05-0.72, P = 0.02). Patients with hernia recurrence reported significantly lower quality of life scores than patients without recurrence. The Ventralex hernia patch offers a simple and quick means of repairing

  19. Hernia surgery, South Africa 2015

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abdominal hernia repair is one of the most common operations in general surgery. Abdominal wall hernias include inguinal, incisional, ventral and femoral hernias. The repair rate ranges from 10 per. 100 000 population in the UK to 28 per 100 000 in the US.[1,2] More than one million hernia repairs are performed.

  20. Inguinal hernia - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your child had surgery to repair an inguinal hernia caused by a weakness in the abdominal wall in your groin area. Now that you or your child is going home, follow the surgeon's instructions on self-care at home. ... (numb from the waist down) anesthesia. If the hernia was small, it was likely repaired under local ...

  1. Ventral hernia repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... abdomen) that pushes through a hole in the abdominal wall. Ventral hernias often occur at the site of an old ... surgeon will make a surgical cut in your abdomen. Your surgeon will find the hernia and separate it from the tissues around it. ...

  2. Chronic abdominal pain after ventral hernia due to mesh migration and erosion into the sigmoid colon from a distant site: a case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millas, S G; Mesar, T; Patel, R J

    2015-10-01

    Hernia repair is one of the most commonly performed procedures in general surgery. Use of mesh has been shown to decrease the overall recurrence rate. Mesh implantation, however, carries its own risks and complications. We report a case of a 41-year-old female who presented with nonspecific, chronic lower abdominal pain after ventral hernia repair with mesh implantation. The chronic pain was found to be the consequence of mesh migration and erosion into the sigmoid colon from a previous supraumbilical hernia repair. Hernia repair, use of mesh, and chronic abdominal pain are discussed.

  3. A Giant Aggressive Angiomyxoma of the Pelvis Misdiagnosed as Incarcerated Femoral Hernia: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper Sozutek

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aggressive angiomyxoma (AA is an uncommon mesenchymal tumor that is mostly derived from the female pelvic and perineal regions. AA is a locally infiltrative slow growing tumor with a marked tendency to local recurrence. Painless swelling located around the genitofemoral region is the common symptom; thus, it is often misdiagnosed as a gynecological malignancy or a groin hernia. A 35-year-old female patient who previously underwent surgery for left femoral hernia operation resulting in surgical failure was reoperated for a giant AA located in the pelvis. The tumor was completely excised with free margins. Histopathologic examination revealed an AA. The tumor size was measured as 24 × 12 × 6 cm with a weight of 4.2 kg. Immunohistochemically, the cells show positive staining with vimentin, desmin, estrogen, and progesterone receptor. S100, MUC4, CD34, and SMA were negative in the tumor cells. AA should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any painless swelling located in the genitofemoral region, particularly in women of reproductive age. The principle treatment should be complete surgical excision with tumor-free margins. Long-term follow-up and careful monitoring are essential due to its high tendency of local recurrence in spite of wide excision of the tumor. Adjuvant antihormonal therapy yields promising results for preventing recurrence.

  4. Double layer repair of tibialis anterior muscle hernia in a soccer player: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dönmez, Gürhan; Evrenos, Mustafa Kürsat; Cereb, Meryem; Karanfil, Yigitcan; Doral, Mahmut Nedim

    2015-01-01

    muscle herniations usually present in athletes especially in the lower legs; occurring through defects in the deep fascial layer of the muscles and typically seen following local blunt trauma or muscle hypertrophy after strenuous exercise. Management of muscle hernias varies from conservative therapy to surgical repair and usually needs multidisciplinary collaboration for differential diagnosis. herein tibialis anterior muscle hernia in 17-year-old male soccer player was presented. The diagnosis was confirmed with dynamic ultrasonographic views changing with the different movements of the ankle. Since the symptoms were not relieved with conservative methods, surgical repair of the defect was offered. we preferred to repair fascial defect with double layer and Mesh graft that were placed over primary suture repair. No complications were reported such as wound or mesh infection postoperatively. The patient was clinically satisfied and returned his previous activity level after 3 months of surgery. After 2 years of follow-up the feature of the bulge was dissolved and player was satisfied with the operation. knowledge of the lower extremity muscle herniation is essential for both proper management and/or surgical referral. The importance of protective devices in prevention, dynamic ultrasonography in diagnosis and double layer repair of the fascial defect with Mesh graft in treatment of muscle herniations were highlighted.

  5. Acute incarcerated external abdominal hernia

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Xue-Fei; Liu, Jia-Lin

    2014-01-01

    External abdominal hernia occurs when abdominal organs or tissues leave their normal anatomic site and protrude outside the skin through the congenital or acquired weakness, defects or holes on the abdominal wall, including inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia, femoral hernia and so on. Acute incarcerated hernia is a common surgical emergency. With advances in minimally invasive devices and techniques, the diagnosis and treatment have witnessed major changes, such as the use of laparoscopic surg...

  6. Revisión de casos sobre hernia incisional en el período de 2004 a 2010 A case review of incisional hernia in the 2004-2010 period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Satorre Rocha

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la hernia incisional es una complicación frecuente de la cirugía abdominal. Su incidencia varía entre 2 y 15 % de los pacientes, y algunos autores señalan que puede alcanzar un 23 % cuando está relacionada con una infección de la herida quirúrgica. Objetivo: describir las características de los pacientes operados por hernia incisional en el Hospital General Docente "Enrique Cabrera", entre los años 2004 y 2010. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo con carácter retrospectivo en el Hospital General Docente "Enrique Cabrera", entre los años 2004 y 2010. Se tomó el total del universo constituido por 212 pacientes con diagnóstico preoperatorio de hernia incisional, operados entre enero de 2004 y diciembre de 2010. Se analizaron los parámetros demográficos, hábitos tóxicos, antecedentes patológicos personales, cirugías anteriores, localización de la incisión anterior, técnica quirúrgica, uso y localización de prótesis, antibioticoterapia y complicaciones posoperatorias. Resultados: el 85 % de los pacientes fueron del sexo femenino, el 40 % se encontraba entre 50 y 61 años de edad, el 58,3 % presentaba hábitos tóxicos, el 69,3 % de las hernias tenían localización infraumbilical, y la mayor incidencia correspondió a las histerectomías. La técnica de Stoppa fue la más aplicada en las hernioplastia y la técnica de Mayo en las herniorrafias. Conclusiones: la obesidad y la diabetes fueron las enfermedades más frecuentes halladas en el estudio. La mayoría de los pacientes eran fumadores. Las incisiones quirúrgicas infraumbilicales por histerectomías abdominales fueron la localización más frecuente de las hernias incisionales. La infección de la herida quirúrgica fue la complicación hallada con mayor frecuencia. La recidiva posoperatoria se presentó en el 4,6 % de los pacientes.Introduction: incisional hernia is a frequent complication of abdominal surgery. The incidence of this

  7. Athletic pubalgia (sports hernia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litwin, Demetrius E M; Sneider, Erica B; McEnaney, Patrick M; Busconi, Brian D

    2011-04-01

    Athletic pubalgia or sports hernia is a syndrome of chronic lower abdomen and groin pain that may occur in athletes and nonathletes. Because the differential diagnosis of chronic lower abdomen and groin pain is so broad, only a small number of patients with chronic lower abdomen and groin pain fulfill the diagnostic criteria of athletic pubalgia (sports hernia). The literature published to date regarding the cause, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of sports hernias is confusing. This article summarizes the current information and our present approach to this chronic lower abdomen and groin pain syndrome. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Handlebar Hernia: A Rare Type of Abdominal Wall Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rooh-Allah Yegane

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic abdominal wall hernias are a type of acquired hernia secondary to blunt trauma Caused, by direct trauma from handlebar like objects. This rare hernia is named ‘Handlebar hernia'. We report a case of such hernia without any significant intra-abdominal injury. The abdominal wall defect was repaired in layers by Jones technique. Postoperative course was uneventful. The authors recommend clinical suspicion for traumatic hernia in all patients with traumatic abdominal wall injury. Definitive treatment includes surgical exploration with primary repair of all tissue layers of the abdominal wall.

  9. Ipsilateral occult hernias during endoscopic groin hernia repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jain Mayank

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Endoscopic repair of groin hernias allows the surgeon to have a complete view of the groin and pelvis to diagnose occult hernias both ipsilaterally and contralaterally. These occult hernias can then be treated simultaneously and may reduce the incidence of recurrence and persistent symptoms. The authors present four unusual cases where occult hernias were found ipsilaterally during an endoscopic repair. All these occult hernias were treated along with the clinically diagnosed hernia at the same surgery with excellent results and no post-operative morbidity.

  10. Hernia repair during endoscopic (laparoscopic) radical prostatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolzenburg, Jens-Uwe; Rabenalt, Robert; Dietel, Anja; Do, Minh; Pfeiffer, Heidemarie; Schwalbe, Steffen; Dorschner, Wolfgang

    2003-02-01

    We retrospectively reviewed our experience in performing endoscopic extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy (EERPE) and totally extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair in one procedure to evaluate its feasibility and safety. Based on our experience of 70 laparoscopic radical prostatectomies, a total of 60 patients underwent EERPE. Eight of these had 10 hernias repaired with Prolene mesh. The median total operating time for EERPE was 165 minutes. Mesh placement required an additional 15 minutes for a unilateral hernia and 25 minutes for bilateral hernias. The conversion rate and the reoperation rate were 0%. The median duration of vesical catheterization was 8.3 days. One patient required a blood transfusion. The most common minor complications, occurring in eight patients, were edema and hematoma of the penis. No wound infection occurred. The only major complication was a deep venous thrombosis in one patient. No additional complications developed in the hernioplasty group. We conclude that the extraperitoneal approach for radical prostatectomy allows concomitant inguinal hernia repair with a low morbidity rate and within an acceptable operating time.

  11. Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... heavy straining, aging, obesity, injury or following an infection at that site following surgery. They can occur immediately following surgery ... overall condition. Common advantages may include: Less post-operative ... wound infections Are You a Candidate for Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia ...

  12. Groin hernia subtypes are associated in patients with bilateral hernias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Andresen, Kristoffer; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To investigate the relation between groin hernia subtypes in patients operated for bilateral hernias. METHODS: With data from the Danish Hernia Database, we identified all patients operated for primary groin hernias from 1998 to 2012. Within this cohort all patients that were...... bilaterally operated were analyzed. Risk factors for bilateral groin hernia operation as well as the relationship between groin hernia subtypes bilaterally, were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis and Kappa statistics. RESULTS: A total of 108, 775 persons with primary groin hernia...... repair (89.9% males) were registered, and of those were 12,041 persons operated bilaterally (94.9% males). Females and males operated for a unilaterally direct inguinal hernia (DIH) had increased Hazard Ratios (HR) of 3.85 (CI 95% 2.14-6.19) and 4.46 (CI 95% 2.57-7.88) of being contralaterally operated...

  13. SCHISTOSOMAL APPENDICITIS IN A SLIDING HERNIA (CASE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report a rare case of a forty-seven year old Nigeria male with schistosomal appendicitis in a sliding hernia. The clinical and pathological features of the case are discussed, followed by a review of the literature. It is concluded that a high index of suspicion is necessary to diagnose unusual presentations of ...

  14. International guidelines for groin hernia management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-02-01

    Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery. An expert group of international surgeons (the HerniaSurge Group) and one anesthesiologist pain expert was formed. The group consisted of members from all continents with specific experience in hernia-related research. Care was taken to include surgeons who perform different types of repair and had preferably performed research on groin hernia surgery. During the Group's first meeting, evidence-based medicine (EBM) training occurred and 166 key questions (KQ) were formulated. EBM rules were followed in complete literature searches (including a complete search by The Dutch Cochrane database) to January 1, 2015 and to July 1, 2015 for level 1 publications. The articles were scored by teams of two or three according to Oxford, SIGN and Grade methodologies. During five 2-day meetings, results were discussed with the working group members leading to 136 statements and 88 recommendations. Recommendations were graded as "strong" (recommendations) or "weak" (suggestions) and by consensus in some cases upgraded. In the Results and summary section below, the term "should" refers to a recommendation. The AGREE II instrument was used to validate the guidelines. An external review was performed by three international experts. They recommended the guidelines with high scores. The risk factors for inguinal hernia (IH) include: family history, previous contra

  15. Patient-Related Risk Factors for Recurrence After Inguinal Hernia Repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Bisgaard, Thue

    2015-01-01

    Background. Several factors influence the risk of recurrence after inguinal hernia surgery; however, a systematic review and meta-analysis of patient-related risk factors for recurrence after inguinal hernia surgery has not been performed earlier. Methods. MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases...... were searched in June 2013 for studies evaluating patient-related risk factors for recurrence after inguinal hernia operation. Observational studies evaluating nontechnical patient-related risk factors for recurrence after inguinal hernia surgery were included. Outcome variables were grouped under...... patient demographics, hernia characteristics, connective tissue composition and degradation, habits and social relations, and conditions related to inguinal hernia recurrence. Results. From a total of 5061 records screened, we included 40 observational studies enrolling 720 651 inguinal hernia procedures...

  16. Traumatic Abdominal Wall Hernia After a Blunt Trauma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ersin Dumlu

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic abdominal wall hernia is a rare result of blunt abdominal traumas in adults. Altough the detection of the injuries of the abdominal organs is the priority in blunt traumas, abdominal wall defect may also occur in these patients. These hernias can go undetected due to preservation of the skin overlying the hernia defect. Traumatic abdominal wall hernias can have high morbidity and mortality rates due to incarceration and perforation of tubular hollow organs, especially if there is any delay. The possibility of traumatic hernia should always be considered in cases with serious blunt trauma. Computed Tomography (CT scan examinations should be performed routinely due to their high diagnostic value if trumatic hernia is suspected. In this report, a traumatic abdominal wall hernia patient who was treated by surgery has been presented with the review of the current literature.

  17. Sportsman's hernia? An ambiguous term.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrakopoulou, Alexandra; Schilders, Ernest

    2016-04-01

    Groin pain is common in athletes. Yet, there is disagreement on aetiology, pathomechanics and terminology. A plethora of terms have been employed to explain inguinal-related groin pain in athletes. Recently, at the British Hernia Society in Manchester 2012, a consensus was reached to use the term inguinal disruption based on the pathophysiology while lately the Doha agreement in 2014 defined it as inguinal-related groin pain, a clinically based taxonomy. This review article emphasizes the anatomy, pathogenesis, standard clinical assessment and imaging, and highlights the treatment options for inguinal disruption.

  18. Bullhorn Hernia: A Rare Traumatic Abdominal Wall Hernia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    laparotomy. Finally, occult hernias may be managed expectantly. Traumatic abdominal wall hernia caused by bullhorn is commonly found in the lower abdomen such as inguinal region.[9] However, in our case the hernia was in the upper abdomen. Clinically, abdominal pain and locally bulging soft tissue at the ecchymotic.

  19. Morgagni hernia with respiratory failure aggravated by noninvasive positive pressure ventilation: a case report and overview of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tone, Kazuya; Kiryu, Ikumi; Yoshida, Masahiro; Tsuboi, Kazuto; Takagi, Masamichi; Kuwano, Kazuyoshi

    2014-05-01

    An elderly woman diagnosed with multiple myeloma (MM) in 2007 had improved with chemotherapy. She had severe kyphosis and a diaphragmatic hernia (DH), but no respiratory symptoms. In 2011, because of thoracic deformity and emaciation, we advised her to continue the previously prescribed domiciliary noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) therapy for chronic type II respiratory failure. However, she refused to continue NPPV. She was later admitted for deterioration in respiratory status and carbon dioxide (CO2) narcosis. We believed her low adherence to domiciliary NPPV caused CO2 narcosis; hence, we advised her to continue domiciliary NPPV and she complied. In May 2012, the now 79-year-old patient was admitted for acute exacerbation of chronic respiratory failure and CO2 narcosis. Chest imaging suggested that DH had caused a deterioration of her status. She underwent laparoscopic diaphragmatic hernia repair. Operative findings revealed a retrosternal hernia sac, and she was diagnosed as having a Morgagni hernia (MH). Her respiratory status subsequently improved. We hypothesize that NPPV increased intra-abdominal pressure, thereby worsening the MH and exacerbating respiratory failure. We believe that clinicians should be cautious when prescribing NPPV for MH patients. Copyright © 2013 The Japanese Respiratory Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Case Report - Diaphragmatic eventration complicated by gastric ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Eventration of the diaphragm with gastric volvulus is uncommon. Gastric perforation in these cases is rare and usually associated with acute gastric volvulus with strangulation. We describe a case of diaphragmatic eventration with chronic gastric volvulus with gastric perforation without strangulation in an elderly man.

  1. Ruptura traumática do diafragma: aspectos na tomografia computadorizada Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture: computed tomography findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Severo Alves de Melo

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available A ruptura traumática do diafragma é uma condição incomum, porém cada vez mais freqüentemente diagnosticada pela tomografia computadorizada, especialmente pela técnica helicoidal associada às reconstruções multiplanares, possibilitando a adoção de conduta terapêutica cirúrgica rápida e eficiente. Os autores estudaram seis pacientes com ruptura traumática do diafragma submetidos a tomografia computadorizada, que demonstrou herniação de estruturas abdominais para o interior do tórax através de área de ruptura na hemicúpula frênica esquerda em quatro casos; os outros dois pacientes foram submetidos a procedimento cirúrgico por trauma abdominal associado, que demonstrou lesões diafragmáticas, sem evidência de herniação na tomografia computadorizada.Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture is an uncommon condition that has been diagnosed more frequently with the aid of computed tomography, particularly when using helical technique in association with multiplanar reconstructions. This technique allows adoption of an efficient and quick surgical therapeutic approach. The authors studied six patients with traumatic diaphragmatic rupture that were submitted to computed tomography. In four of the patients there was herniation of intraabdominal viscera through a site of rupture in the left diaphragm. The two other patients underwent surgery due to abdominal injuries, which revealed diaphragmatic lesions but no herniation of intraabdominal viscera.

  2. Cesarean section and hernia repair: simultaneous approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabriele, Raimondo; Conte, Marco; Izzo, Luciano; Basso, Luigi

    2010-10-01

    Hernias of the abdominal wall occurring during pregnancy are usually treated a few weeks after delivery. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcome of inguinal or umbilical hernioplasty performed at the time of the cesarean section, and to compare the outcome of this group with a control population, who received a cesarean section alone. We reviewed 28 women who developed an inguinal or umbilical hernia during pregnancy from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2007 and who received a combined cesarean section and hernia repair, and we compared this group with 100 women (controls) who only received a cesarean section. In the group of women who received a combined cesarean section and inguinal or umbilical hernia repair, median age was 23.8 years and hospital stay ranged from 3 to 5 days (versus 3-4 days for cesarean sections alone). The time employed for the combined surgical procedure was of 50 ± 7 min and 70 ± 4 min, respectively, for umbilical and inguinal hernia (versus 37.4 ± 12.6 min for cesarean sections alone). No complication was recorded during the perinatal and follow-up periods, and no recurrences were observed. Our analysis suggests that cesarean section and hernia repair, performed in one session, avoids need for readmission to hospital, is safe, effective, and well accepted. It neither increases the complication rate nor prolongs the hospital stay, with clear advantages for both the patients and the hospital budget. © 2010 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2010 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  3. Outcomes in the Physiologically Most Severe Congenital Diaphragmatic (CDH) Patients: Whom Should We Treat?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kays, David W; Islam, Saleem; Perkins, Joy M.; Larson, Shawn D; Taylor, Janice A.; Talbert, James L

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Centers that care for newborns with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) may impose selection criteria for offering or limiting aggressive support in those patients most severely affected. The purpose of this study was to analyze outcomes in newborns with highly severe CDH uniformly treated for survival. Methods We reviewed 172 consecutive inborn patients without associated lethal anomalies treated at a single institution with a dedicated CDH program. Survival, respiratory outcome, and time to discharge in the most severe 10% (or fewer) of patients based on the physiologic measures of 5-minute Apgar, CDH Study Group (CDHSG) predicted survival, need for ECMO in the first 6 hours, and need for ECMO in the first 3 hours of life were studied. We also identified patients with best PaCO2 greater than 100 and best pH less than 7.0. A multivariate model (AUC-0.92) predicting mortality was also used to define the most severe 10%. Results Of 172 consecutive inborn patients, 18 had a 5-minute Apgar of 3 or less, and 11 survived (61%), 10 had a 5-minute Apgar of 2 or less, and 6 survived (60%), and 6 had a 5-minute Apgar of 1 or less, and 4 survived (67%). Seventeen had a CDHSG predicted survival less than 25%, and 9 survived (53%). Thirteen of 172 required ECMO for rescue in the first 6 hours of life, and 9 survived (69%), including 7 in the first 3 hours, and 5 survived (71%). Despite focused resuscitation in the delivery room and high levels of ventilatory support, 22 patients had a best PCO2 greater than 100 and best pH less than 7.0 for 1 hour or longer. Twelve of these 22 survived to discharge (55%). Of 17 defined by multivariate predictive model as the most severe, 8 survived (47%) with zero of the 3 ECMO ineligible prematures surviving. Of the 16 (10%) most severe ECMO-eligible patients, 10 of 16 survived (63%). All survivors were discharged home on no ventilatory support greater than nasal cannula oxygen. Conclusion In newborn CDH patients without lethal

  4. Laparoscopic surgery for inguinal hernia: Current status and controversies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhandarkar Deepraj

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Repair of inguinal hernia is one of the commonest operations performed by surgeons around the world. The treatment of this common problem has seen an evolution from the pure tissue repairs to the prosthetic repairs and in the recent past to laparoscopic repair. The fact that so many hernia repairs are practiced is a testimony to the fact that probably none is distinctly superior to the other. This review assesses the current status of surgery for repair of inguinal hernia and examines the various controversial issues surrounding the subject.

  5. Direct diverticular inguinal hernia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ekberg, O.; Kullenberg, K.; Sollefteaa General Hospital

    1988-01-01

    Nineteen patients with direct diverticular inguinal hernia (DDIH) were examined with herniography and surgically explored. A lump medially in the groin and pain were the prominent clinical manifestations in 18 patients. Physical examination indicated the presence of a DDIH in 6 patients. In 16 patients herniography revealed hernial sacs protruding from the supravesical fossa in 5 and from the medial inguinal fossa in 11. At operation a circumscribed defect was found in the transverse fascia laterally and cranially to the pubic tubercle in all patients. In 16 patients peritoneal hernial sacs were demonstrated at surgery while in 3 only lipomas (fatty hernia) were contained within the defect. In our opinion DDIH is a specific variety of inguinal hernia with a fairly typical clinical presentation and radiographic appearance but probably often overlooked at surgery. (orig.)

  6. Femoral Hernia At Mulago Hospital, Uganda

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2004-12-02

    Dec 2, 2004 ... Therefore, femoral hernias can be classified into 5 groups as follows: 1. Femoral canal hernia: This is the commonest variety of femoral hernia. It enters the thigh via the most medial compartment of the femoral sheath, the femoral canal. 2. Prevascular hernia (Narath's hernia) - The hernial sac emerges from ...

  7. Amyand´s hernia presenting as an acute abdomen

    OpenAIRE

    De la Peña-López Jairo; Silgado-Kerguelen Ricardo; Calderón-Morón Hernán

    2011-01-01

    Acute abdomen requiring surgical management is a frequent consultation at emergencydepartment. Acute appendicitis is the most common cause, however the presence ofacute appendicitis in an incarcerated inguinal hernia is rare, and this process is known asthe eponymous Amyand´s hernia. We report a case who presented with acute abdomenand a review of the literature. Our patient had a history of mild mental retardation;he had had clinical manifestations of abdominal pain one week earlier but fami...

  8. Laparoscopic Hernia Repair in Infancy and Childhood; Evaluation of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    IIR) using two needle holders (TNH). Group B was subjected to laparoscopic hernia repair of inguinal hernia by. Reverdin Needle (RN). Inclusion criteria included; bilateral inguinal hernia, recurrent hernia, hernia in obese child, incarcerated ...

  9. Sports Hernia/Athletic Pubalgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Christopher M.

    2014-01-01

    Context: Sports hernia/athletic pubalgia has received increasing attention as a source of disability and time lost from athletics. Studies are limited, however, lacking consistent objective criteria for making the diagnosis and assessing outcomes. Evidence Acquisition: PubMed database through January 2013 and hand searches of the reference lists of pertinent articles. Study Design: Review article. Level of Evidence: Level 5. Results: Nonsurgical outcomes have not been well reported. Various surgical approaches have return-to–athletic activity rates of >80% regardless of the approach. The variety of procedures and lack of outcomes measures in these studies make it difficult to compare one surgical approach to another. There is increasing evidence that there is an association between range of motion–limiting hip disorders (femoroacetabular impingement) and sports hernia/athletic pubalgia in a subset of athletes. This has added increased complexity to the decision-making process regarding treatment. Conclusion: An association between femoroacetabular impingement and athletic pubalgia has been recognized, with better outcomes reported when both are managed concurrently or in a staged manner. PMID:24587864

  10. Open preperitoneal groin hernia repair with mesh

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Kristoffer; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: For the repair of inguinal hernias, several surgical methods have been presented where the purpose is to place a mesh in the preperitoneal plane through an open access. The aim of this systematic review was to describe preperitoneal repairs with emphasis on the technique. DATA SOURCES......: A systematic review was conducted and reported according to the PRISMA statement. PubMed, Cochrane library and Embase were searched systematically. Studies were included if they provided clinical data with more than 30 days follow up following repair of an inguinal hernia with an open preperitoneal mesh......-analysis. Open preperitoneal techniques with placement of a mesh through an open approach seem promising compared with the standard anterior techniques. This systematic review provides an overview of these techniques together with a description of surgical methods and clinical outcomes....

  11. Open preperitoneal groin hernia repair with mesh

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Kristoffer; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2017-01-01

    Background For the repair of inguinal hernias, several surgical methods have been presented where the purpose is to place a mesh in the preperitoneal plane through an open access. The aim of this systematic review was to describe preperitoneal repairs with emphasis on the technique. Data sources...... A systematic review was conducted and reported according to the PRISMA statement. PubMed, Cochrane library and Embase were searched systematically. Studies were included if they provided clinical data with more than 30 days follow up following repair of an inguinal hernia with an open preperitoneal mesh......-analysis. Open preperitoneal techniques with placement of a mesh through an open approach seem promising compared with the standard anterior techniques. This systematic review provides an overview of these techniques together with a description of surgical methods and clinical outcomes....

  12. Does mesh offer an advantage over tissue in the open repair of umbilical hernias? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aslani, N; Brown, C J

    2010-10-01

    To determine the best surgical approach for the open repair of primary umbilical hernias. Studies were identified through searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane database, as well as hand-searching references. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies comparing mesh to suture repair for primary umbilical hernias published between January 1965 and October 2009 were included. Data regarding the recurrence rate, complications, number of subjects, length of follow-up, size of hernia, and type of mesh were extracted. Log odds ratios were calculated and weighed by the Mantel-Haenszel method to obtain a pooled estimate with 95% confidence interval (CI). A fixed effects model was used. Three RCTs and ten observational studies were identified. The pooled odds ratio (OR) for RCTs was 0.09 in favor of mesh (95% CI 0.02-0.39). The pooled OR for observational studies was 0.40 in favor of mesh (95% CI 0.21-0.75). There was no difference in complication rates between mesh and tissue repair in RCTs or observational studies. The use of mesh in umbilical hernia repair results in decreased recurrence and similar wound complications rates compared to tissue repair for primary umbilical hernias.

  13. Standardized measurement of quality of life after incisional hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kristian K; Henriksen, Nadia A; Harling, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    repair. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze existing standardized methods to measure quality of life after incisional hernia repair. DATA SOURCES: A PubMed and Embase search was carried out together with a cross-reference search of eligible papers, giving a total of 26 included studies......BACKGROUND: Recent improvements in incisional hernia repair have led to lower rates of recurrence. As a consequence, increasing attention has been paid to patient-reported outcomes after surgery. However, there is no consensus on how to measure patients' quality of life after incisional hernia....... CONCLUSIONS: Different standardized methods for measurement of quality of life after incisional hernia repair are available, but no consensus on the optimal method, timing, or length of follow-up exist. International guidelines could help standardization, enabling better comparison between studies....

  14. Laparoscopic tension-free repair of anterior abdominal wall incisional and ventral hernias with an intraperitoneal Gore-Tex mesh: prospective study and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aura, Tamer; Habib, Elias; Mekkaoui, Mrine; Brassier, Didier; Elhadad, Andre

    2002-08-01

    Recurrence rates after repair of incisional and ventral hernias range from 18% to 52%. Prosthetic open repair has decreased this rate, but the wide fascial dissection it requires increases the complication rate. Laparoscopic repair is a safe and effective alternative. A prospective study was performed including 86 patients (63 women and 23 men) with a mean age of 54 years (range 29-79 years) having incisional or ventral hernias who underwent laparoscopic repair in our institution between July 1994 and October 2001. The majority of the patients were obese with a mean body mass index of 31.7 kg/m2. The abdominal wall defect size ranged from 2 X 1 cm to 20 X 13 cm. In all cases, a Gore-Tex mesh (Dual Mesh, W.L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, AZ, USA) was used in sizes ranging from 10 X 15 cm to 20 X 30 cm. Nineteen repairs were performed for recurrent hernias (12 incisional and 7 ventral). The mean operative time was 110.3 minutes (range 50-240 minutes). There was one open conversion (1.2%), one intraoperative complication (1.2%), and no deaths. There were no wound or mesh infections. Immediate postoperative complications occurred in 9 patients (10.6%) and late complications occurred in 16 patients (18.8%). The average hospital stay was 4.8 days (range 2-19 days). During a mean follow-up of 37 months (range 6-73 months), there were 6 hernia recurrences (7%). Laparoscopic repair of incisional hernia and ventral hernia appears to be safe, especially with the use of Gore-Tex mesh, and is proving to be effective as it decreases pain, complications, hospital stay, and recurrences.

  15. A case of duodenal rupture secondary to massive inguino-scrotal hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Smith, J D; Garvin, J T; Knox, M; Boyle, T

    2013-08-01

    Surgical intervention for giant inguino-scrotal herniae in the acute setting is high risk with significantly increased incidence of morbidity and mortality. While uncommon in modern practise, there are several surgical issues and approaches that need to be considered when this problem presents. We describe the unusual occurrence of acute duodenal rupture as a direct result of a giant inguino-scrotal hernia. The literature on the operative management of giant inguino-scrotal hernia is also reviewed. Giant inguino-scrotal herniae are best managed electively with full preoperative work up and assessment. Surgery in the acute patient is fraught with difficulty leading to increased morbidity.

  16. Sliding hiatal hernia in dogs

    OpenAIRE

    JOLANTA SPUŻAK; KRZYSZTOF KUBIAK; MARCIN JANKOWSKI; MACIEJ GRZEGORY; KAMILA GLIŃSKA-SUCHOCKA; JÓZEF NICPOŃ; VASYL VLIZLO; IGOR MAKSYMOVYCH

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Sliding hiatal hernia is a disorder resulting from a displacement of the abdominal part of the oesophagus and/or a part of the stomach into the thoracic cavity through the oesophageal hiatus of the diaphragm. The disorder may be congenital or acquired. Congenital hernia follows disturbances in the embryonic development. In the literature the predisposition to congenital sliding hiatal hernia is observed in the dogs of shar-pei and chow-chow breeds. Pathogenesis of acquired slidin...

  17. Incidental Hiatal Hernia Detected with Meckel's Scintigraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aksoy, Tamer [Afyon Kocatepe Univ. Medical Faculty, Afyon (Turkmenistan); Kiratli, Pinar Ozgen [Hacettepe Univ. Medical Faculty, Ankara (Turkmenistan)

    2011-03-15

    Congenital hiatal hernia (CHH) in children is a very rare condition that occurs in about 1 in every 2,000 to 5,000 live births, with a male to female ratio of 2:3. In 97% of cases the anomaly is unilateral with a left side preponderance. The hernia content can include the stomach, bowel loops, spleen or part of the liver. CHH may remain asymptomatic or induce only nonspecific gastro intestinal and/or thoracic symptoms. The symptomatology og these patients is usually non specific, in the form of repeated attacks of chest infection and/or recurrent vomiting, but can be associated with serious complications such as intrathoracic gastric volvulus with incarceration and strangulation. Because of the gastroesophageal reflux, linear ulcerations on the esophageal mucosa might occur and cause intermittent bleeding. Plan chest radiographs, AP and lateral, may raise a suspicion of the condition, while upper gastrointestinal contrast series are diagnostic. The treatment is surgery consisting of excision of the hernial sac after reducing the stomach and repair of the diaphragmatic defect by tightening the crura of the esophageal hiatus. If the defect is large and associated with displacement of the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) into the thorax, adding an anti reflux procedure to the repair is appropriate. This can be achieved transabdominally either by laparotomy or laparoscopically. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case diagnosed with Meckel's scintigraphy.

  18. Role of Sonography in Clinically Occult Femoral Hernias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandel, David W; Girish, Gandikota; Brandon, Catherine J; Dong, Qian; Yablon, Corrie; Jamadar, David A

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of sonography in clinically occult femoral hernias and to describe our sonographic technique. The clinical and imaging data for 93 outpatients referred by general surgeons, all of whom underwent sonographic evaluation and surgery, were reviewed retrospectively. Of these, 55 patients who underwent surgical exploration for groin hernias within 3 months of sonography and met all inclusion criteria were included in the study. The sonographic technique involves using the pubic tubercle as an osseous landmark to identify and appropriately visualize the femoral canal. The Valsalva maneuver is then used to differentiate the movement of normal fat (a potential pitfall) from true herniation in the femoral canal. Surgical findings were used as the reference standard by which sonographic results were judged. Two-by-two contingency tables were used to calculate the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value. In these 55 patients, surgery revealed 15 femoral hernias. Eight femoral hernias occurred in women, and 7 occurred in men. For diagnosing femoral hernias, sonography demonstrated sensitivity of 80%, specificity of 88%, a positive predictive value of 71%, and a negative predictive value of 92%. True-positive cases of femoral hernias have a sonographic appearance of a hypoechoic sac with speckled internal echoes. When examining during the Valsalva maneuver, a femoral hernia passes deep to the inguinal ligament, expands the femoral canal, displacing the normal canal fat, and effaces the femoral vein. Sonography can exclude femoral hernias with high confidence in light of its exceptional negative predictive value. With attention to technique and imaging criteria, the diagnostic accuracy of sonography can be enhanced.

  19. delayed presentation of blunt traumatic diaphragmatic heria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Zinox

    discomfort or abdominal pains. Bowel sounds may also be heard in left-sided hernia associated with bowel loops in the chest. Because of the difficulty in diagnosis, a variable percentage of cases between 9.5 to 60% are diagnosed late7. Delayed diagnosis on the left side could result in gastric incarceration and perforation ...

  20. Hernia inguinal laparoscopic surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morelli Brum, R. . E mail: raulmorelli@hotmail.com

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to enhance treatment of inguinal hernia through a bibliographic study of its main complications and the analysis of a retrospective series of laparoscopic restorations performed by the author in the same private medical care center. From December 1994 through July 2003, ninety-nine patients were operated in 108 procedures.The technique employed was trans-abdominal peritoneal (TAPP)Follow-up covered over 2 years in 80% of patients with a relapse of 2.8%. Main morbidity was neuralgia due to a nerve being trapped, which fact required re-intervention.There was no mortality.The conclusion arrived at is that it is and excellent technique which requires a long learning curve and its main indication would be relapse of conventional surgery, bilateralism, coexistence with another laparoscopic abdominal pathology and doubts concerning contra lateral hernia