Sample records for dgml based ui

  1. Effort minimization in UI development by reusing existing DGML based UI design for qualitative software development

    CERN Document Server

    Suri, P K


    This paper addresses the methodology for achieving the user interface design reusability of a qualitative software system and effort minimization by applying the inference on the stored design documents. The pictorial design documents are stored in a special format in the form of keyword text [DGML tag based design]. The design document storage mechanism will expose the keywords per design stored. This methodology is having an inference engine. Inference mechanism search for the requirements and find the match for them in the available design repository. A match found will success in reusing it after checking the quality parameters of the found design module in the result set. DGML notations produces qualitative designs which helps in minimizing the efforts of software development life cycle.

  2. Building UIs with Wijmo

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Yuguang


    Written with an example-based approach, Building UIs with Wijmo leads you step by step through the implementation and customization of each library component and its associated resources. Reference tables of each configuration option, method, and event for each component are provided, alongside detailed explanations of how each widget is used.Building UIs with Wijmo is targeted at readers who are familiar with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and jQuery, and have a basic understanding of web development. Although knowledge of jQuery UI is not mandatory, it would be a bonus as it is quite similar to Wijm

  3. Learning DHTMLX suite UI

    CERN Document Server

    Geske, Eli


    A fast-paced, example-based guide to learning DHTMLX.""Learning DHTMLX Suite UI"" is for web designers who have a basic knowledge of JavaScript and who are looking for powerful tools that will give them an extra edge in their own application development. This book is also useful for experienced developers who wish to get started with DHTMLX without going through the trouble of learning its quirks through trial and error. Readers are expected to have some knowledge of JavaScript, HTML, Document Object Model, and the ability to install a local web server.

  4. Pro Android UI

    CERN Document Server

    Jackson, Wallace


    If you're an Android application developer, chances areyou're using fixed, scrolling, swipe-able, and other cutting-edge custom UIDesigns in your Android development projects. These UI Design approaches aswell as other Android ViewGroup UI layout containers are the bread and butterof Pro Android User Interface (UI) design and Android User Experience (UX)design and development.Using a top down approach, Pro Android UI shows you how todesign and develop the best user interface for your app, while taking intoaccount the varying device form factors in the increasingly fragmented Androidenvironment

  5. Kendo UI cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Ganatra, Sagar


    This book is an easy-to-follow guide full of hands-on examples that allows you to learn and build visually compelling web applications using the Kendo UI library. This book will do wonders for web developers having knowledge of HTML and Javascript and want to polish their skills in building applications using the Kendo UI library.

  6. SoapUI cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, Rupert


    This book is aimed at developers and technical testers who are looking for a quick way to take their SoapUI skills and understanding to the next level. Even if you are new to SoapUI but have basic Java skills and a reasonable grasp of RESTFul and Soap web services, then you should have no problem making use of this book.

  7. Bifunctional Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquid Decorated UiO-67 Type MOF for Selective CO2 Adsorption and Catalytic Property for CO2 Cycloaddition with Epoxides. (United States)

    Ding, Luo-Gang; Yao, Bing-Jian; Jiang, Wei-Ling; Li, Jiang-Tao; Fu, Qi-Juan; Li, Yan-An; Liu, Zhen-Hua; Ma, Jian-Ping; Dong, Yu-Bin


    A bifunctional robust and highly porous imidazolium-based ionic liquid decorated UiO-67 type MOF (UiO-67-IL, 1) was successfully constructed via solvothermal assembly of the imidazolium-based ligand and Zr(IV) ions. It exhibits a highly selective adsorption for CO2 over CH4 and N2. Furthermore, 1 herein can be used as a highly active heterogeneous catalyst for CO2 cycloaddition with epoxides under atmospheric pressure with or without cocatalyst TBAB (n-Bu4NBr).

  8. Structural study of Ni- or Mg-based complexes incorporated within UiO-66-NH{sub 2} framework and their impact on hydrogen sorption properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Žunkovič, E.; Mazaj, M. [Laboratory for Inorganic Chemistry and Technology, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Mali, G. [Laboratory for Inorganic Chemistry and Technology, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); EN-FIST Centre of Excellence, Dunajska 156, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Rangus, M. [Laboratory for Inorganic Chemistry and Technology, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Devic, T.; Serre, C. [Institut Lavoisier, UMR CNRS 8180, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, 78035 Versailles (France); Logar, N. Zabukovec, E-mail: [Laboratory for Inorganic Chemistry and Technology, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); CO-NOT Centre of Excellence, Hajdrihova 19, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); University of Nova Gorica, Vipavska 13, 5000 Nova Gorica (Slovenia)


    Nickel and magnesium acetylacetonate molecular complexes were post-synthetically incorporated into microporous zirconium-based MOF (UiO-66-NH{sub 2}) in order to introduce active open-metal sites for hydrogen sorption. Elemental analysis, nitrogen physisorption and DFT calculations revealed that 5 molecules of Ni(acac){sub 2} or 2 molecules of Mg(acac){sub 2} were incorporated into one unit cell of UiO-66-NH{sub 2}. {sup 1}H–{sup 13}C CPMAS and {sup 1}H MAS NMR spectroscopy showed that, although embedded within the pores, both Ni- and Mg-complexes interacted with the UiO-66-NH{sub 2} framework only through weak van der Waals bonds. Inclusion of metal complexes led to the decrease of hydrogen sorption capacities in Ni-modified as well as in Mg-modified samples in comparison with the parent UiO-66-NH{sub 2}. The isosteric hydrogen adsorption enthalpy slightly increased in the case of Ni-modified material, but not in the case of Mg-modified analogue. - Graphical abstract: A post-synthesis impregnation of Mg- and Ni-acetylacetonate complexes performed on zirconium-based MOF UiO-66-NH{sub 2} does influence the hydrogen sorption performance with respect to the parent matrix. The structural study revealed that Mg- and Ni-acetylacetonate molecules interact with zirconium-terephthalate framework only by weak interactions and they are not covalently bonded to aminoterephthalate ligand. Still, they remain confined into the pores even after hydrogen sorption experiments. - Highlights: • Mg- and Ni-acetylacetonate molecules embedded in the pores of UiO-66-NH{sub 2} by PSM. • Molecules of complexes interact with framework only by van der Waals interactions. • Type/structure of deposited metal-complex impact hydrogen enthalpy of adsorption.

  9. Structural study of Ni- or Mg-based complexes incorporated within UiO-66-NH2 framework and their impact on hydrogen sorption properties (United States)

    Žunkovič, E.; Mazaj, M.; Mali, G.; Rangus, M.; Devic, T.; Serre, C.; Logar, N. Zabukovec


    Nickel and magnesium acetylacetonate molecular complexes were post-synthetically incorporated into microporous zirconium-based MOF (UiO-66-NH2) in order to introduce active open-metal sites for hydrogen sorption. Elemental analysis, nitrogen physisorption and DFT calculations revealed that 5 molecules of Ni(acac)2 or 2 molecules of Mg(acac)2 were incorporated into one unit cell of UiO-66-NH2. 1H-13C CPMAS and 1H MAS NMR spectroscopy showed that, although embedded within the pores, both Ni- and Mg-complexes interacted with the UiO-66-NH2 framework only through weak van der Waals bonds. Inclusion of metal complexes led to the decrease of hydrogen sorption capacities in Ni-modified as well as in Mg-modified samples in comparison with the parent UiO-66-NH2. The isosteric hydrogen adsorption enthalpy slightly increased in the case of Ni-modified material, but not in the case of Mg-modified analogue.

  10. Effective adsorption and enhanced removal of organophosphorus pesticides from aqueous solution by Zr-based MOFs of UiO-67. (United States)

    Zhu, Xiangyang; Li, Bing; Yang, Jian; Li, Yongsheng; Zhao, Wenru; Shi, Jianlin; Gu, Jinlou


    Though many efforts have been devoted to the adsorptive removal of hazardous materials of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs), it is still highly desirable to develop novel adsorbents with high adsorption capacities. In the current work, the removal of two representative OPs, glyphosate (GP) and glufosinate (GF), was investigated by the exceptionally stable Zr-based MOFs of UiO-67. The abundant Zr-OH groups, resulting from the missing-linker induced terminal hydroxyl groups and the inherent bridging ones in Zr-O clusters of UiO-67 particles, served as natural anchorages for efficient GP and GF capture in relation with their high affinity toward phosphoric groups in OPs. The correlation between the most significant parameters such as contact time, OPs concentration, adsorbent dose, pH, as well as ionic strength with the adsorption capacities was optimized, and the effects of these parameters on the removal efficiency of GP and GF from the polluted aqueous solution were investigated. The adsorption of GP on UiO-67 was faster than that of GF, and a pseudo-second-order rate equation effectively described the uptake kinetics. The Langmuir model exhibited a better fit to adsorption isotherm than the Freundlich model. Thanks to the strong affinity and adequate pore size, the adsorption capacities in UiO-67 approached as high as 3.18 mmol (537 mg) g(-1) for GP and 1.98 mmol (360 mg) g(-1) for GF, which were much higher than those of many other reported adsorbents. The excellent adsorption characteristics of the current adsorbents toward OPs were preserved in a wide pH window and high concentration of the background electrolytes. These prefigured the promising potentials of UiO-67 as novel adsorbent for the efficient removal of OPs from aqueous solution.

  11. A facile approach to fabricate an immobilized-phosphate zirconium-based metal-organic framework composite (UiO-66-P) and its activity in the adsorption and separation of organic dyes. (United States)

    Yang, Ji-Min


    A novel immobilized-phosphate zirconium-based metal-organic framework composite, denoted as UiO-66-P, was synthesized by a solvothermal method using UiO-66 nanoparticles and Na3PO4 ligands. The products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive spectrometry, field emission scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, infrared spectroscopy, zeta potential analysis, and gas adsorption measurements. The UiO-66-P nanocrystals, which comprised negatively charged frameworks, exhibited high stability, excellent porosity, and efficient charge-selective capture and separation of the cationic dye Methylene Blue (MB). An uptake capacity of 91.1mgg(-1) was achieved at room temperature over 24h when 5mg of UiO-66-P was immersed in 40mL of a 500mgL(-1)MB solution. This capacity is much higher than that of UiO-66 (24.5mgg(-1)). The adsorption capability of UiO-66-P for MB was improved by 272% compared to that of pristine UiO-66. The effects of variables such as initial pH, MB concentration, and contact time were investigated. In addition, the as-obtained UiO-66 nanocrystals exhibited excellent adsorption capability for the anionic dyes Congo Red, Acid Chrome Blue K, and Methyl Orange. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. UiLog:Improving Log-Based Fault Diagnosis by Log Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    De-Qing Zou; Hao Qin; Hai Jin


    In modern computer systems, system event logs have always been the primary source for checking system status. As computer systems become more and more complex, the interaction between software and hardware increases frequently. The components will generate enormous log information, including running reports and fault information. The sheer quantity of data is a great challenge for analysis relying on the manual method. In this paper, we implement a management and analysis system of log information, which can assist system administrators to understand the real-time status of the entire system, classify logs into different fault types, and determine the root cause of the faults. In addition, we improve the existing fault correlation analysis method based on the results of system log classification. We apply the system in a cloud computing environment for evaluation. The results show that our system can classify fault logs automatically and effectively. With the proposed system, administrators can easily detect the root cause of faults.

  13. Selective dispersive solid phase extraction-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry based on aptamer-functionalized UiO-66-NH2 for determination of polychlorinated biphenyls. (United States)

    Lin, Saichai; Gan, Ning; Cao, Yuting; Chen, Yinji; Jiang, Qianli


    In this paper, a novel dispersive solid phase extraction (dSPE) adsorbent based on aptamer-functionalized magnetic metal-organic framework material was developed for selective enrichment of the trace polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from soil sample. Firstly, we developed a simple, versatile synthetic strategy to prepare highly reproducible magnetic amino-functionalized UiO-66 (Fe3O4@PDA@UiO-66-NH2) by using polydopamine (PDA) as covalent linker. Then amino-functionalized aptamers which can recognize 2,3',5,5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB72), 2',3',4',5,5'-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB106) were covalent immobilized on UiO-66-NH2 through coupling reagent of glutaraldehyde. Aptamer-functionalized adsorbent (Fe3O4@PDA@UiO-66-Apt) can specifically capture PCBs from complex matrix with high adsorption capacity based on the specific affinity of aptamer towards target. Moreover, the adsorbent can be easily isolated from the solution through magnetic separation after extraction. Afterwards, the detection was carried out with gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The selective dSPE pretreatment coupled with GC-MS possessed high selectivity, good binding capacity, stability, repeatability and reproducibility for the extraction of PCBs. Furthermore, the adsorbent possessed good mechanical stability which can be applied in replicate at least for 60 extraction cycles with recovery over 80%. It provided a linear range of 0.02-400ngmL(-1) with a good correlation coefficient (R(2)=0.9994-0.9996), and the limit of detection was found to be 0.010-0.015ngmL(-1). The method was successfully utilized for the determination of PCBs in soil samples.

  14. Metal-Organic Gel Material Based on UiO-66-NH2 Nanoparticles for Improved Adsorption and Conversion of Carbon Dioxide. (United States)

    Liu, Liping; Zhang, Jianyong; Fang, Haobin; Chen, Liuping; Su, Cheng-Yong


    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) including the UiO-66 series show potential application in the adsorption and conversion of CO2 . Herein, we report the first tetravalent metal-based metal-organic gels constructed from Zr(IV) and 2-aminoterephthalic acid (H2 BDC-NH2 ). The ZrBDC-NH2 gel materials are based on UiO-66-NH2 nanoparticles and were easily prepared under mild conditions (80 °C for 4.5 h). The ZrBDC-NH2 -1:1-0.2 gel material has a high surface area (up to 1040 m(2)  g(-1) ) and showed outstanding performance in CO2 adsorption (by using the dried material) and conversion (by using the wet gel) arising from the combined advantages of the gel and the UiO-66-NH2 MOF. The ZrBDC-NH2 -1:1-0.2 dried material showed 38 % higher capture capacity for CO2 at 298 K than microcrystalline UiO-66-NH2 . It showed high ideal adsorbed solution theory selectivity (71.6 at 298 K) for a CO2 /N2 gas mixture (molar ratio 15:85). Furthermore, the ZrBDC-NH2 -1:1-0.2 gel showed activity as a heterogeneous catalyst in the chemical fixation of CO2 and an excellent catalytic performance was achieved for the cycloaddition of atmospheric pressure of CO2 to epoxides at 373 K. In addition, the gel catalyst could be reused over multiple cycles with no considerable loss of catalytic activity. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. Study of UI Design Based on Perception Psychology%基于用户感知心理的UI设计初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    @@@@Twenty-first Century is the era of rapid development of computer and Internet. All kinds of applications and software have been built in a fast rate with the growing demands of users. Nevertheless, the user experience has not enhanced in the same ve?locity of that increase. UI design is the key element to the foundation of an excellent user experience. One good UI design should be based on user perception psychology, combining with user’s past experience, the current environment and the future goal. The design should be able to provide a good user experience, and to ensure that the users can achieve the goal of using the software as well.%21世纪是计算机及互联网高速发展的时代,各类应用软件随着用户日益增长的需求而快速诞生.但是,软件的用户体验却没有得到同等速率的提升.软件的 UI 设计是构成用户体验的关键元素.一个优秀的 UI 设计应基于用户感知心理,并充分结合用户“过去的经验”、“当前的环境”及“将来的目标”,在提供良好用户体验的同时,确保用户能够顺利达到使用软件的目标.

  16. jQuery UI cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Boduch, Adam


    Filled with a practical collection of recipes, jQuery UI Cookbook is full of clear, step-by-step instructions that will help you harness the powerful UI framework in jQuery. Depending on your needs, you can dip in and out of the Cookbook and its recipes, or follow the book from start to finish.If you are a jQuery UI developer looking to improve your existing applications, extract ideas for your new application, or to better understand the overall widget architecture, then jQuery UI Cookbook is a must-have for you. The reader should at least have a rudimentary understanding of what jQuery UI is

  17. Instant forgedUI starter

    CERN Document Server

    Luiz, Joseandro


    Get to grips with a new technology, understand what it is and what it can do for you, and then get to work with the most important features and tasks.The book is a Starter guide to learning ForgedUI. This book will start by unfolding the installation and creating a simple application using Titanium and ForgedUI, followed by taking you through the features to model an engaging UI and generate multi-platform code with Titanium, while covering the best design practice for Apple and Android application development. Last but not least, you will also come across the available resources where you can

  18. 77 FR 7604 - Notice Requesting Public Comment on Two Proposed Unemployment Insurance (UI) Program Performance... (United States)


    ... projections. a. Traditional State UI and EB recoveries. Recovery estimates for this segment are based on... several explanatory variables, including the amount of State UI and EB unemployment compensation...

  19. Benzimidazole-functionalized Zr-UiO-66 nanocrystals for luminescent sensing of Fe3+ in water (United States)

    Dong, Yingying; Zhang, Hanzhuo; Lei, Fan; Liang, Mei; Qian, Xuefeng; Shen, Peilian; Xu, Hui; Chen, Zhihui; Gao, Junkuo; Yao, Juming


    Zr-based MOF structure UiO-66 exhibits unprecedented high thermal and chemical stability, making it to be one of the most used MOFs in various applications. Yet, the poor photoluminescent (PL) properties of UiO-66 limit its applications in luminescent sensing. Herein, a new benzimidazole-functionalized UiO-66 nanocrystal (UiO-66-BI) was successfully fabricated via microwave synthesis. UiO-66-BI displayed octahedral nanocrystal morphology with a diameter smaller than 200 nm and could disperse well in water and common organic solvents. UiO-66-BI demonstrated extended optical absorption in the visible-light region and efficiently improved PL emission compared with UiO-66 pristine. The sensing properties of UiO-66-BI nanocrystals towards different ions were studied, and the results demonstrated that UiO-66-BI showed excellent selective luminescent sensing of Fe3+ ions in water.

  20. Cui-ui recovery plan : Second revision (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Cui-ui is an endangered fish species that exists only in Pyramid Lake, Nevada. The plan describes the distribution of cui-ui, the life history and habitat of cui-ui,...

  1. H2 storage in isostructural UiO-67 and UiO-66 MOFs. (United States)

    Chavan, Sachin; Vitillo, Jenny G; Gianolio, Diego; Zavorotynska, Olena; Civalleri, Bartolomeo; Jakobsen, Søren; Nilsen, Merete H; Valenzano, Loredana; Lamberti, Carlo; Lillerud, Karl Petter; Bordiga, Silvia


    The recently discovered UiO-66/67/68 class of isostructural metallorganic frameworks (MOFs) [J. H. Cavka et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2008, 130, 13850] has attracted great interest because of its remarkable stability at high temperatures, high pressures and in the presence of different solvents, acids and bases [L. Valenzano et al. Chem. Mater., 2011, 23, 1700]. UiO-66 is obtained by connecting Zr(6)O(4)(OH)(4) inorganic cornerstones with 1,4-benzene-dicarboxylate (BDC) as linker resulting in a cubic MOF, which has already been successfully reproduced in several laboratories. Here we report the first complete structural, vibrational and electronic characterization of the isostructural UiO-67 material, obtained using the longer 4,4'-biphenyl-dicarboxylate (BPDC) linker, by combining laboratory XRPD, Zr K-edge EXAFS, TGA, FTIR, and UV-Vis studies. Comparison between experimental and periodic calculations performed at the B3LYP level of theory allows a full understanding of the structural, vibrational and electronic properties of the material. Both materials have been tested for molecular hydrogen storage at high pressures and at liquid nitrogen temperature. In this regard, the use of a longer ligand has a double benefit: (i) it reduces the density of the material and (ii) it increases the Langmuir surface area from 1281 to 2483 m(2) g(-1) and the micropore volume from 0.43 to 0.85 cm(3) g(-1). As a consequence, the H(2) uptake at 38 bar and 77 K increases from 2.4 mass% for UiO-66 up to 4.6 mass% for the new UiO-67 material. This value is among the highest values reported so far but is lower than those reported for MIL-101, IRMOF-20 and MOF-177 under similar pressure and temperature conditions (6.1, 6.2 and 7.0 mass%, respectively) [A. G. Wong-Foy et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2006, 128, 3494; M. Dinca and J. R. Long. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2008, 47, 6766]. Nevertheless the remarkable chemical and thermal stability of UiO-67 and the absence of Cr in its structure would

  2. Creating dynamic UI with Android fragments

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, Jim


    A fast-paced tutorial that guides you through everything you need to know about dynamic UI design for Android devices.This book is for developers with a basic understanding of Android programming who would like to improve the appearance and usability of their applications. Whether you're looking to create a more interactive user experience, create more dynamically adaptive UIs, provide better support for tablets and smartphones in a single app, reduce the complexity of managing your app UIs, or you are just trying to expand your UI design philosophy, then this book is for you.

  3. Registration of ‘UI Darwin’ Wheat (United States)

    UI Darwin’ (PI 639953) is a hard white winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) developed by the Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station and released in February 2006. UI Darwin, named for English naturalist Charles Darwin, was released for selected improvements in bread quality relative to hard white wi...

  4. Adsorption of fluoride to UiO-66-NH2 in water: Stability, kinetic, isotherm and thermodynamic studies. (United States)

    Lin, Kun-Yi Andrew; Liu, Yu-Ting; Chen, Shen-Yi


    To provide safe drinking water, fluoride in water must be removed and adsorption processes appear to be the most widely used method. Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) represent a new class of adsorbents that have been used in various adsorption applications. To study the adsorption mechanism of fluoride to MOFs in water and obtain related adsorption parameters, we synthesized a zirconium-based MOF with a primary amine group on its ligand, named UiO-66-NH2. The kinetics, adsorption isotherm and thermodynamics of fluoride adsorption to UiO-66-NH2 were investigated. The crystalline structure of UiO-66-NH2 remained intact and the local structure of zirconium in UiO-66-NH2 did not change significantly after being exposed to fluoride. The kinetics of the fluoride adsorption in UiO-66-NH2 could be well represented by the pseudo second order rate law. The enthalpy of the adsorption indicates that the F(-) adsorption to UiO-66-NH2 was classified as a physical adsorption. However, the comparison between the adsorption capacities of UiO-66-NH2 and UiO-66 suggests that the fluoride adsorption to UiO-66-NH2 might primarily involve a strong interaction between F(-) and the metal site. The fluoride adsorption capacity of UiO-66-NH2 was found to decrease when pH>7. While the presence of chloride/bromide ions did not noticeably change the adsorption capacity of UiO-66-NH2, the ionic surfactants slightly affected the adsorption capacity of UiO-66-NH2. These findings provide insights to further optimize the adsorption process for removal of fluoride using zirconium-based MOFs.

  5. Research on Software Automation Test Based on Web UI%基于Web UI的软件自动化测试的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Because of the wider usage of software and the development of hardware that the design of software becomes more and more complicated. So the further testing for such software is expected. Testing automation with the feature of great coverage, quick testing and high precision, become more and more important for software testing. Furthermore, the development of light testing pro- gram not only has the advantage of the testing automation but also with its own strongpoint, such as short demand for the testing environment, settlement for the low efficiency issues which are caused by the unfamiliar with the testing tools and so on. With it, the testing automation can be easily to do in the daily work with low cost. Based on the test requirement of the Common Platform Search and Navigation Project Thomson Reuters Corporation (Thomson Reuters) on the Reference Data, designs a lightweight test program.%随着软件产品使用范围的提高和先进组建设备的出现.软件产品的复杂性也越来越强.这就需要对软件产品实施更加深入和透彻的测试。自动化测试以其覆盖率大.测试效率高.精度准等多个优点.越来越被人们重视和使用。而轻量级测试程序的开发.不仅具备自动化测试的全部优点.还能够减少对测试环境的要求和弥补对测试工具使用熟悉度较低所产生的工作效率问题.使自动化测试更快更经济的投入到日常工作中。基于汤森路透公司(Thomson Reuters、的Common Platform Searchand Navigation项目对Reference Data的测试需求设计一个轻量级测试程序.

  6. Probabalistic projections for recovery of the endangered Cui-ui (United States)

    Emlen, John M.; Strekal, Thomas A.; Buchanan , Chester C.


    The cui-ui Chamistes cujus, a lake sucker found in only Pyramid Lake, Nevada, is listed as endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act, and a recovery plan has been formulated in an effort to save it. We used a population simulation model that incorporated environmental stochasticity in water availability to project the persistence of cui-ui over 200 years, Based on this approach, recovery of the species in terms of persistence was evaluated for the existing hydrological situation and for situations involving water supplementation in various amounts. Our calculations indicate that immediate (as of spring 1991) acquisition of 70,000 acre-feet per year of supplemental water to raise levels in Pyramid Lake would have assured recovery and persistence over 200 years with a probability of 0.95. Postponement of acquisition for 3 years followed by incremental increases of 3,000 or 10,000 acre-feet per year would require, respectively, 83,000 and 120,000 acre-feet of annual supplemental water to assure persistence. The approach is applicable to a wide range of species and conditions.

  7. Release of ‘UI Platinum’ hard white spring wheat (United States)

    UI Platinum’ (Reg. No. CV------, PI 672533) hard white spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was developed by the Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station and released in 2014. UI Platinum was derived from the cross ‘Blanca Grande’ x ‘Jerome’ and tested under experimental numbers A01178S, IDO694, and I...

  8. 75 FR 52981 - Bluescope Buildings North America, Including Workers Whose Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages Are... (United States)


    ... Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages Are Reported Through Butler Manufacturing Company, Laurinburg, NC; Amended...Scope Buildings North America had their wages reported through a separate unemployment insurance (UI... America, including workers whose unemployment insurance (UI) wages are reported through Butler...

  9. The role of autophagy in cytotoxicity induced by new oncogenic B-Raf inhibitor UI-152 in v-Ha-ras transformed fibroblasts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Jun-Ho [Division of Life Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, University of Incheon, Incheon 406-772 (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Soon Kil [Division of Life Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, University of Incheon, Incheon 406-772 (Korea, Republic of); YOUAI Co., Ltd., Suwon-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 443-766 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Michael, E-mail: [Division of Life Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, University of Incheon, Incheon 406-772 (Korea, Republic of)


    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We recently discovered a potent and selective B-Raf inhibitor, UI-152. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer UI-152 displayed a selective cytotoxicity toward v-Ha-ras transformed cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer UI-152-induced growth inhibition was largely meditated by autophagy. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer UI-152 induced paradoxical activation of Raf-1. -- Abstract: In human cancers, B-Raf is the most frequently mutated protein kinase in the MAPK signaling cascade, making it an important therapeutic target. We recently discovered a potent and selective B-Raf inhibitor, UI-152, by using a structure-based drug design strategy. In this study, we examined whether B-Raf inhibition by UI-152 may be an effective therapeutic strategy for eliminating cancer cells transformed with v-Ha-ras (Ras-NIH 3T3). UI-152 displayed selective cytotoxicity toward Ras-NIH 3T3 cells while having little to no effect on non-transformed NIH 3T3 cells. We found that treatment with UI-152 markedly increased autophagy and, to a lesser extent, apoptosis. However, inhibition of autophagy by addition of 3-MA failed to reverse the cytotoxic effects of UI-152 on Ras-NIH 3T3 cells, demonstrating that apoptosis and autophagy can act as cooperative partners to induce growth inhibition in Ras-NIH 3T3 cells treated with UI-152. Most interestingly, cell responses to UI-152 appear to be paradoxical. Here, we showed that although UI-152 inhibited ERK, it induced B-Raf binding to Raf-1 as well as Raf-1 activation. This paradoxical activation of Raf-1 by UI-152 is likely to be coupled with the inhibition of the mTOR pathway, an intracellular signaling pathway involved in autophagy. We also showed for the first time that, in multi-drug resistant cells, the combination of UI-152 with verapamil significantly decreased cell proliferation and increased autophagy. Thus, our findings suggest that the inhibition of autophagy, in combination with UI-152, offers a more effective

  10. 77 FR 33490 - Long Elevator & Machine Company, Inc., Including Workers Whose Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages... (United States)


    ... Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages Were Reported Through Kone, Inc., Riverton, IL; Notice of Affirmative...., including workers whose unemployment insurance (UI) wages were reported through KONE Inc., Riverton...

  11. All-gas-phase synthesis of UiO-66 through modulated atomic layer deposition (United States)

    Lausund, Kristian Blindheim; Nilsen, Ola


    Thin films of stable metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) such as UiO-66 have enormous application potential, for instance in microelectronics. However, all-gas-phase deposition techniques are currently not available for such MOFs. We here report on thin-film deposition of the thermally and chemically stable UiO-66 in an all-gas-phase process by the aid of atomic layer deposition (ALD). Sequential reactions of ZrCl4 and 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid produce amorphous organic–inorganic hybrid films that are subsequently crystallized to the UiO-66 structure by treatment in acetic acid vapour. We also introduce a new approach to control the stoichiometry between metal clusters and organic linkers by modulation of the ALD growth with additional acetic acid pulses. An all-gas-phase synthesis technique for UiO-66 could enable implementations in microelectronics that are not compatible with solvothermal synthesis. Since this technique is ALD-based, it could also give enhanced thickness control and the possibility to coat irregular substrates with high aspect ratios. PMID:27876797

  12. All-gas-phase synthesis of UiO-66 through modulated atomic layer deposition (United States)

    Lausund, Kristian Blindheim; Nilsen, Ola


    Thin films of stable metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) such as UiO-66 have enormous application potential, for instance in microelectronics. However, all-gas-phase deposition techniques are currently not available for such MOFs. We here report on thin-film deposition of the thermally and chemically stable UiO-66 in an all-gas-phase process by the aid of atomic layer deposition (ALD). Sequential reactions of ZrCl4 and 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid produce amorphous organic-inorganic hybrid films that are subsequently crystallized to the UiO-66 structure by treatment in acetic acid vapour. We also introduce a new approach to control the stoichiometry between metal clusters and organic linkers by modulation of the ALD growth with additional acetic acid pulses. An all-gas-phase synthesis technique for UiO-66 could enable implementations in microelectronics that are not compatible with solvothermal synthesis. Since this technique is ALD-based, it could also give enhanced thickness control and the possibility to coat irregular substrates with high aspect ratios.

  13. Fabrication of Ce doped UiO-66/graphene nanocomposites with enhanced visible light driven photoactivity for reduction of nitroaromatic compounds (United States)

    Yang, Zhiwang; Xu, Xueqing; Liang, Xixi; Lei, Cheng; Gao, Lihong; Hao, Ruoxue; Lu, Dedai; Lei, Ziqiang


    This study investigates the photocatalytic reduction of nitroaromatic compounds upon visible light over novel Ce-doped UiO-66/graphene nanocomposites. Ce doped UiO-66 nanostructures and the corresponding graphene hybridized nanocomposites were facilely synthesized by means of one step solvothermal reaction. It has been demonstrated that produced nanocomposites could be used as highly efficient and chemical stable photocatalysts for the reduction of nitroaromatic compounds under visible irradiation and ambient conditions. Compared with the bare UiO-66, Ce-UiO-66/GR distinctly enhanced photocatalytic activity. Ce as ;mediator; introduced into the MOFs materials can greatly improve the electron transfer across the interface between grephene and the UiO-66 and further improve the visible light driven photoactivity. This is an effective strategy for the development of high photocatalytic activity MOFs based materials.

  14. Adsorption Behavior of Rhodamine B on UiO-66 Adsorption Behavior of Rhodamine B on UiO-66

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qinqin He; Qi Chen; Mengmeng Lü; Xueting Liu


    The adsorption characteristics of UiO-66 (a Zr-containing metal–organic framework formed by terephthalate) for Rhodamine B (RhB), such as isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics, were investigated systematically. The batch adsorption data conform wel to the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The adsorption kinetics of UiO-66 for RhB can be well described by the pseudo first-order model, and the adsorption thermodynamic parametersΔG0,ΔH0 andΔS0 at 273 K are−6.282 kJ·mol−1, 15.096 kJ·mol−1 and 78.052 J·mol−1·K−1, respec-tively. The thermodynamic analyses show that the adsorption process of RhB on UiO-66 is more favorable at higher temperatures. UiO-66 can be regenerated by desorbing in DMF solution with ultrasonic for 1 h. UiO-66 can keep good performance for at least six cycles of sorption/desorption.

  15. jQuery UI 1.10 the user interface library for jQuery

    CERN Document Server

    Libby, Alex


    This book consists of an easy-to-follow, example-based approach that leads you step-by-step through the implementation and customization of each library component.This book is for frontend designers and developers who need to learn how to use jQuery UI quickly. To get the most out of this book, you should have a good working knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, and should ideally be comfortable using jQuery.

  16. Comparative Statistical Study of Some SAP UI Technologies (United States)

    Berdie, Adela; Osaci, Mihaela; Dan Lemle, Ludovic


    The goal of this paper is to present a comparative study on some web UI (User Interface) technologies that involve the creation of web applications on the platform SAP Net Weaver AS 7.01 of the integrated SAP (System Application Products) system. The attention will be directed mainly to the ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programing) development environment and to the Web Dynpro (WD) technologies, Floor Plan Manager (FPM) and Web Client UI. Through this study, we make an assesment regarding the decision of choosing a technology for the realisation of a project which consists of a web application.



    Anna A. Pupykina; Anna E. Satunina


    Graph theory provides a means for a formalized description of the model of interaction and ensure the provision of precisemathematical relationships between thecomponents. A scheme for modeling Web applications was proposed. The system of evaluation models UI Web application. Taking into account such factors as understandability, predictability, learning. For each indicator matrix is constructed for assignment to class compliance.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna A. Pupykina


    Full Text Available Graph theory provides a means for a formalized description of the model of interaction and ensure the provision of precisemathematical relationships between thecomponents. A scheme for modeling Web applications was proposed. The system of evaluation models UI Web application. Taking into account such factors as understandability, predictability, learning. For each indicator matrix is constructed for assignment to class compliance.

  19. UI Review Results and NARAC Response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisher, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Eme, B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kim, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Fischer, K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Donetti, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)


    This report describes the results of an inter-program design review completed February 16th, 2017, during the second year of a FY16-FY18 NA-84 Technology Integration (TI) project to modernize the core software system used in DOE/NNSA's National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC, This review focused on the graphical user interfaces (GUI) frameworks. Reviewers (described in Appendix 2) were selected from multiple areas of the LLNL Computation directorate, based on their expertise in GUI and Web technologies.

  20. 76 FR 9052 - Comment Request for Information Collection for the Unemployment Insurance (UI) Facilitation of... (United States)


    ... through the ETA 9047 report. OMB approved the Department's request to begin collecting UI reemployment.... ETA's analyses of the UI reemployment data show that state performance in reemployment of UI benefit... and Training Administration (ETA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Labor, as part of...

  1. Highly dispersed palladium nanoparticles anchored on UiO-66(NH2) metal-organic framework as a reusable and dual functional visible-light-driven photocatalyst (United States)

    Shen, Lijuan; Wu, Weiming; Liang, Ruowen; Lin, Rui; Wu, Ling


    Proper design and preparation of high-performance and stable dual functional photocatalytic materials remains a significant objective of research. In this work, highly dispersed Pd nanoparticles of about 3-6 nm in diameter are immobilized in the metal-organic framework (MOF) UiO-66(NH2) via a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. The resulting Pd@UiO-66(NH2) nanocomposite exhibits an excellent reusable and higher visible light photocatalytic activity for reducing Cr(vi) compared with UiO-66(NH2) owing to the high dispersion of Pd nanoparticles and their close contact with the matrix, which lead to the enhanced light harvesting and more efficient separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs. More significantly, the Pd@UiO-66(NH2) could be used for simultaneous photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants, like methyl orange (MO) and methylene blue (MB), and reduction of Cr(vi) with even further enhanced activity in the binary system, which could be attributed to the synergetic effect between photocatalytic oxidation and reduction by individually consuming photogenerated holes and electrons. This work represents the first example of using the MOFs-based materials as dual functional photocatalyst to remove different categories of pollutants simultaneously. Our finding not only proves great potential for the design and application of MOFs-based materials but also might bring light to new opportunities in the development of new high-performance photocatalysts.Proper design and preparation of high-performance and stable dual functional photocatalytic materials remains a significant objective of research. In this work, highly dispersed Pd nanoparticles of about 3-6 nm in diameter are immobilized in the metal-organic framework (MOF) UiO-66(NH2) via a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. The resulting Pd@UiO-66(NH2) nanocomposite exhibits an excellent reusable and higher visible light photocatalytic activity for reducing Cr(vi) compared with UiO-66(NH2) owing to the

  2. Cui-ui reproductive success from potential egg deposition to larval emigration (United States)

    Scoppettone, G. Gary; Rissler, Peter H.


    From 1985 to 2006, we tracked cui-ui, Chasmistes cujus, survival from potential egg deposition of migrating spawners to emigrating larvae. Tahoe sucker larvae emigrated to Pyramid Lake the same time as cui-ui larvae, but cui-ui was the predominant catostomid larvae we captured. Survival of cui-ui larvae ranged from 0.46% to 21.17%, declining significantly with decreased flow and increased number of spawners (P cui-ui spawners, along with sufficient stream flows, may enhance early life-stage survival.

  3. UiO-66 MOF end-face-coated optical fiber in aqueous contaminant detection. (United States)

    Nazari, Marziyeh; Forouzandeh, Mohammad Ali; Divarathne, Chamath M; Sidiroglou, Fotios; Martinez, Marta Rubio; Konstas, Kristina; Muir, Benjamin W; Hill, Anita J; Duke, Mikel C; Hill, Matthew R; Collins, Stephen F


    Optical quality metal organic framework (MOF) thin films were integrated, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, with structured optical fiber substrates to develop MOF-fiber sensors. The MOF-fiber structure, UiO-66 (Zr-based MOF is well known for its water stability), is a thin film that acts as an effective analyte collector. This provided a Fabry-Perot sensor in which concentrations of up to 15 mM Rhodamine-B were detected via wavelength shifts in the interference spectrum.

  4. jQuery UI 1.7 the user interface library for jQuery

    CERN Document Server

    Wellman, Dan


    An example-based approach leads you step-by-step through the implementation and customization of each library component and its associated resources in turn. To emphasize the way that jQuery UI takes the difficulty out of user interface design and implementation, each chapter ends with a 'fun with' section that puts together what you've learned throughout the chapter to make a usable and fun page. In these sections you'll often get to experiment with the latest associated technologies like AJAX and JSON. This book is for front-end designers and developers who need to quickly learn how to use t

  5. Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/UiO-66(Zr) composite with enhanced visible-light promoted photocatalytic activity for dye degradation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sha, Zhou [Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 3, 117543 (Singapore); NUS Environmental Research Institute, National University of Singapore, 5A Engineering Drive 1, #02-01, 117411 (Singapore); Chan, Hardy Sze On [Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 3, 117543 (Singapore); Wu, Jishan, E-mail: [Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 3, 117543 (Singapore); NUS Environmental Research Institute, National University of Singapore, 5A Engineering Drive 1, #02-01, 117411 (Singapore)


    Highlights: • UiO-66 was an outstanding substrate due to its superior properties and stability. • Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/UiO-66 photocatalyst was synthesized by a simple solution method. • Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/UiO-66 had excellent RhB degrading activity under visible-light irradiation. • Higher surface area of Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3} in Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/UiO-66 led to the enhanced activity. • Diverse active species may participate in the process of RhB degradation. - Abstract: Because of their excellent properties, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are considered as ideal materials for the development of visible-light photocatalyst. Particularly, although increasing research interests have been put on MOF based photocatalysts, the MOF supported Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3} as photocatalyst has not been reported in the field of water treatment. In this study, a zirconium based MOF, UiO-66, was incorporated with Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3} through a convenient solution method and used for visible-light prompted dye degradation. Compared to the mixture of pristine UiO-66 and Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, the developed Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/UiO-66 composite exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity to the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under visible-light irradiation. It was supposed that the participation of UiO-66 during the synthesis of Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3} was crucial for such improvement. In addition, the Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/UiO-66 composite demonstrated good structural stability after the degradation experiment, and most of its photocatalytic activity was still preserved after the recycle test. Moreover, the photocatalytic mechanism of the Ag{sub 2}CO{sub 3}/UiO-66 composite was investigated and a possible pathway of RhB degradation was also proposed.



    Molan, Denis


    V diplomskem delu bomo na začetku predstavili JS (JavaScript) ogrodja, ki omogočajo spletnim razvijalcem enostavno in hitro izvedbo interaktivnih in obogatenih spletnih aplikacij za končnega uporabnika. Le-ta bomo predstavili na splošno, in sicer njihove prednosti ter slabosti. Z osvojenimi osnovami se bomo kasneje globlje osredotočili na jQuery in jQuery UI JS ogrodji, ki sta trenutno največ v uporabi in poznani na samem World Wide Webu (WWW). Za vsako bomo spoznali, kaj nam omogoča, in sled...

  7. Vaadin 7 UI design by example beginner's guide

    CERN Document Server

    Duarte, Alejandro


    This book is a hands-on Beginner's Guide for developers who are new to Vaadin and/or Vaadin UI components. The book will teach readers through examples to use each of the exciting components to build and add various aspects of the user interface to their web apps.If you have experience with the Java language and want to create web applications that look good without having to deal with HTML, XML, and JavaScript, this book is for you. Basic Java programming skills are required, but no web development knowledge is needed at all.

  8. Next generation Zero-Code control system UI

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva


    Developing ergonomic user interfaces for control systems is challenging, especially during machine upgrade and commissioning where several small changes may suddenly be required. Zero-code systems, such as *Inspector*, provide agile features for creating and maintaining control system interfaces. More so, these next generation Zero-code systems bring simplicity and uniformity and brake the boundaries between Users and Developers. In this talk we present *Inspector*, a CERN made Zero-code application development system, and we introduce the major differences and advantages of using Zero-code control systems to develop operational UI.

  9. Efficient alkene epoxidation catalyzed by molybdenyl acetylacetonate supported on aminated UiO-66 metal−organic framework

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kardanpour, Reihaneh [Department of Chemistry, Catalysis Division, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Tangestaninejad, Shahram, E-mail: [Department of Chemistry, Catalysis Division, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mirkhani, Valiollah, E-mail: [Department of Chemistry, Catalysis Division, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Moghadam, Majid, E-mail: [Department of Chemistry, Catalysis Division, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohammadpoor-Baltork, Iraj; Zadehahmadi, Farnaz [Department of Chemistry, Catalysis Division, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)


    Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) containing Mo Schiff base complexes were prepared by post-synthesis method and applied as efficient catalysts in the epoxidation of alkenes with tert-BuOOH. In this manner, UiO-66-NH{sub 2} (UiO=University of Oslo) MOF was reacted with salicylaldehyde and thiophene-2-carbaldehyde to produce bidentate Schiff bases. Then, the Schiff base ligands were used for immobilization of molybdenyl acetylacetonate. These new catalysts were characterized by FT-IR, UV–vis spectroscopic techniques, X-ray diffraction (XRD), BET, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). These catalytic systems showed excellent activity in the epoxidation of alkenes such as cyclic and linear ones with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) in 1,2-dichloroethane, and reused several times without any appreciable loss of their activity. - Graphical abstract: Efficient alkene epoxidation with TBHP catalyzed by heterogeneous and reusable molybdenum base catalysts is reported. - Highlights: • UiO-66-NH{sub 2} was modified with salicylaldehyde and thiophene-2-carbaldehyde. • The Schiff base groups were used for immobilization of MoO{sub 2}(acac){sub 2}. • The heterogeneous catalysts were prepared. • The prepared catalysts were used for epoxidation of alkenes. • Compared to other catalyst, our catalysts were more efficient and forceful.

  10. Study of the Inorganic Substitution in a Functionalized UiO-66 Metal-Organic Framework (United States)

    Yasin, Alhassan Salman

    Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) have received considerable attention and fast development in the past few years. These materials have demonstrated a wide range of applications due to their porosity, tailorability of optical properties, and chemical selectivity. This report catalogs common MOF designs based on application and diversity in various fields, as well as conduct an in-depth study of inorganic substitution in a functionalized MOF. This study investigates the band gap modulation in response to inorganic ion substitution within a thermally stable UiO-66 Metal-Organic Framework (MOF). A combination of density functional theory (DFT) predictions in conjunction with experimental predictions were used to map out the complete composition space for three inorganic ions (Zr, Hf, Ti) and three functional groups. The three functional groups include an amino group (NH2), a nitro group (NO2), and a hydrogenated case (H). The smallest determined band gap was for a partially substituted UiO-66(Ti5Zr1)-NH2 resulting in 2.60eV. Theoretical findings sup-port that Ti can be fully substituted within the lattice resulting in a predicted band gap as low as 1.62(2.77)eV. Band gap modulation was reasoned to be a result of a mid gap state introduced through the amino functionalization and HOMO shifting as a result of increased binding of the Ti-O-C bonds.

  11. Colorimetric sensing of bithiols using photocatalytic UiO-66(NH2) as H2O2-free peroxidase mimics. (United States)

    Hu, Zhangmei; Jiang, Xue; Xu, Fujian; Jia, Jia; Long, Zhou; Hou, Xiandeng


    A facile colorimetric sensing method for biothiols was developed, based on photocatalytic property of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), UiO-66(NH2) nanoparticles (NPs), as peroxidase mimics under light irradiation. By the irradiation of a light emitting diode (LED) source, the colorless chromogenic substrate, 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzydine (TMB), was oxidized into blue oxTMB with the aid of the catalytic UiO-66(NH2) NPs. With the existence of biothiols, the oxidization was prohibited, with the blue color paled and absorbance intensity decreased with the concentration of biothiols in a linear manner. Real samples of cysteine, glutathione, and homocysteine were analyzed under the optimized conditions, with high sensitivity (the limit of detection was calculated as 306nM, 310nM, and 330nm respectively) and selectivity. The recovery ranged from 93% to 107% with good precisions (RSD%≤5%). This photocatalytic property of UiO-66(NH2) as peroxidase mimics was studied based on steady-state kinetics, and the mechanism of oxidization process was also briefly discussed. This developed MOFs-based colorimetric sensing method demonstrated advantages over others for biothiols sensing, including high photo-catalytic activity compared to other nanomaterials, oxidation without H2O2, ease of regulation with the LED source, and low cost without expensive instrument and technically demanding.

  12. American white pelican predation on Cui-ui in Pyramid Lake, Nevada (United States)

    Scoppettone, Gayton G.; Rissler, Peter H.; Fabes, Mark C.; Withers, Donna


    Anthropogenic changes to the Pyramid Lake–Truckee River ecosystem in Nevada are suspected to have altered the predator–prey balance between American white pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos and Cui-ui Chasmistes cujus. We estimated the loss of the adult Cui-ui population to pelican predation over a 13-year period by netting and tagging Cui-uis as they aggregated at the mouth of the Truckee River prior to their spawning migration into the Truckee River. Cui-ui access to the Truckee River typically required traversing a shallow delta (a foraging advantage for these American white pelicans). Dams and greater frequency of low stream flows also contributed to American white pelican foraging success. We used tag recoveries from Pyramid Lake's nesting colony of American white pelicans along with an experiment to estimate the chance of tag recovery within the colony to calculate the number of tagged fish taken by American white pelicans. We also used numbered tags to test whether there was a size preference for Cui-uis taken. Our results showed that the primary source of adult Cui-ui mortality was from American white pelican predation in the Truckee River. Within a 13-year period American white pelicans had taken 90% of the tags deployed during the first 7 years of the interval. There was no preference for the size of Cui-uis taken. A better understanding of the effects of heavy cropping by American white pelicans on Cui-ui population dynamics is still needed.

  13. The Changing UI Claimant Population: Is It Time To Retool Reemployment Services? Issue Brief. (United States)

    Needels, Karen; Corson, Walter; Nicholson, Walter

    Data from national administrative and telephone surveys of nationally representative samples of unemployment insurance (UI) recipients who began collecting benefits in 1998 were analyzed to identify changes in the UI claimant population over the past 10 years and determine whether the time has come to retool the nation's reemployment services. The…

  14. Data Mining of Acupoint Characteristics from the Classical Medical Text: DongUiBoGam of Korean Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taehyung Lee


    Full Text Available Throughout the history of East Asian medicine, different kinds of acupuncture treatment experiences have been accumulated in classical medical texts. Reexamining knowledge from classical medical texts is expected to provide meaningful information that could be utilized in current medical practices. In this study, we used data mining methods to analyze the association between acupoints and patterns of disorder with the classical medical book DongUiBoGam of Korean medicine. Using the term frequency-inverse document frequency (tf-idf method, we quantified the significance of acupoints to its targeting patterns and, conversely, the significance of patterns to acupoints. Through these processes, we extracted characteristics of each acupoint based on its treating patterns. We also drew practical information for selecting acupoints on certain patterns according to their association. Data analysis on DongUiBoGam’s acupuncture treatment gave us an insight into the main idea of DongUiBoGam. We strongly believe that our approach can provide a novel understanding of unknown characteristics of acupoint and pattern identification from the classical medical text using data mining methods.

  15. Correlations between the ICIQ-UI short form and urodynamic diagnosis. (United States)

    Rotar, Melita; Trsinar, Bojan; Kisner, Karel; Barbic, Matija; Sedlar, Ales; Gruden, Jozica; Vodusek, David B


    Urinary incontinence is a common symptom in many diseases as well as in general population. To measure the impact of urinary incontinence (UI) on individual's quality of life the English short form International Consultation on Incontinence questionnaire (ICIQ-UI Short Form) has been developed, which consists of three scored and one self-diagnostic question. Our aim was to translate the ICIQ-UI Short Form into Slovene, re-validate it, and test the diagnostic value of the questionnaire in determining the type of UI. ICIQ-UI Short Form was translated into Slovene and re-validated. In the validation process we included urology and gynecology outpatient clinics attendants, elderly institutionalized patients, and a community sample. One group of patients underwent urodynamic testing and the results were compared to their responses to question six of the ICIQ-UI Short Form. Both sets of answers were compared using the Kappa (kappa) statistics. The Slovene version of the ICIQ-UI Short Form was found to be valid (excellent test-retest reliability, good internal consistency, good responsiveness to change, and reflected well underlying theories). The questionnaire correlated well with urodynamic findings. The perceived cause of leakage (Question 6) was a good indicator of objectively proven cause of incontinence (Kappa value 0.77). We found that the Slovene version of the ICIQ-UI Short Form is a valid and reliable questionnaire for assessment of UI. In addition to its ability to assess the impact of UI on individual's quality of life it also has a diagnostic value of the cause of incontinence. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  16. A UI Design Case Study and a Prototype of a Travel Search Engine

    CERN Document Server

    Mokhov, Serguei A; Solodov, Petr; Zhao, Kai; Halimi, Jihed


    We review a case study of a UI design project for a complete travel search engine system prototype for regular and corporate users. We discuss various usage scenarios, guidelines, and so for, and put them into a web-based prototype with screenshots and the like. We combined into our prototype the best features found at the time (2002) on most travel-like sites and added more to them as a part of our research. We conducted feasibility studies, review common design guidelines and Nelson's heuristics while constructing this work. The prototype is itself open-source, but has no backend functionality, as the focus is the user-centered design of such a system. While the prototype is mostly static, some dynamic activity is present through the use of PHP.

  17. Programming MOFs for water sorption: amino-functionalized MIL-125 and UiO-66 for heat transformation and heat storage applications. (United States)

    Jeremias, Felix; Lozan, Vasile; Henninger, Stefan K; Janiak, Christoph


    Sorption-based heat transformation and storage appliances are very promising for utilizing solar heat and waste heat in cooling or heating applications. The economic and ecological efficiency of sorption-based heat transformation depends on the availability of suitable hydrophilic and hydrothermally stable sorption materials. We investigated the feasibility of using the metal-organic frameworks UiO-66(Zr), UiO-67(Zr), H2N-UiO-66(Zr) and H2N-MIL-125(Ti) as sorption materials in heat transformations by means of volumetric water adsorption measurements, determination of the heat of adsorption and a 40-cycle ad/desorption stress test. The amino-modified compounds H2N-UiO-66 and H2N-MIL-125 feature high heat of adsorption (89.5 and 56.0 kJ mol(-1), respectively) and a very promising H2O adsorption isotherm due to their enhanced hydrophilicity. For H2N-MIL-125 the very steep rise of the H2O adsorption isotherm in the 0.1 heat pump application.

  18. 75 FR 22846 - Norgren Automation Solutions, Including Workers Whose Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages Are Paid... (United States)


    ... Employment and Training Administration Norgren Automation Solutions, Including Workers Whose Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages Are Paid Through Syron Engineering Erie Engineering and Automation Division, A... Adjustment Assistance on January 29, 2010, applicable to workers of Norgren Automation Solutions,...

  19. Design and Fabrication of Nereid-UI: A Remotely Operated Underwater Vehicle for Oceanographic Access Under Ice (United States)

    Whitcomb, L. L.; Bowen, A. D.; Yoerger, D.; German, C. R.; Kinsey, J. C.; Mayer, L. A.; Jakuba, M. V.; Gomez-Ibanez, D.; Taylor, C. L.; Machado, C.; Howland, J. C.; Kaiser, C. L.; Heintz, M.; Pontbriand, C.; Suman, S.; O'hara, L.


    -to-end propulsive efficiency of between 0.3 and 0.4 at a transit speed of 1 m/s based on testing conducted at WHOI. CAMERAS: Video imagery is one of the principal products of Nereid-UI. Two fiber-optic telemetry wavelengths deliver 1.5 Gb/s uncompressed HDSDI video to the support vessel in real time, supporting a Kongsberg OE14-522 hyperspherical pan and tilt HD camera and several utility cameras. PROJECT STATUS: The first shallow-water vehicle trials are scheduled for September 2013. The trials are designed to test core vehicle systems particularly the power system, main computer and control system, thrusters, video and telemetry system, and to refine camera, lighting and acoustic sensor placement for piloted and closed-loop control, especially as pertains to working near the underside of ice. Remaining vehicle design tasks include finalizing the single-body deployment concept and depressor, populating the scientific sensing suite, and the software development necessary to implement the planned autonomous return strategy. Final design and fabrication for these remaining components of the vehicle system will proceed through fall 2013, with trials under lake ice in early 2014, and potential polar trials beginning in 2014-15. SUPPORT: NSF OPP (ANT-1126311), WHOI, James Family Foundation, and George Frederick Jewett Foundation East.

  20. Tailoring the Adsorption and Reaction Chemistry of the Metal-Organic Frameworks UiO-66, UiO-66-NH2, and HKUST-1 via the Incorporation of Molecular Guests. (United States)

    Ploskonka, Ann M; DeCoste, Jared B


    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are versatile materials highly regarded for their porous nature. Depending on the synthetic method, various guest molecules may remain in the pores or can be systematically loaded for various reasons. Herein, we present a study that explores the effect of guest molecules on the adsorption and reactivity of the MOF in both the gas phase and solution. The differences between guest molecule interactions and the subsequent effects on their activity are described for each system. Interestingly, different effects are observed and described in detail for each class of guest molecules studied. We determine that there is a strong effect of alcohols with the secondary building unit of UiO MOFs, while Lewis bases have an effect on the reactivity of the -NH2 group in UiO-66-NH2 and adsorption by the coordinatively unsaturated copper sites in HKUST-1. These effects must be considered when determining synthesis and activation methods of MOFs toward various applications.

  1. Upper incisor to Soft Tissue Plane (UI-STP): a new reference for diagnosis and planning in dentofacial deformities. (United States)

    Hernandez-Alfaro, Federico


    Planning in orthognathic surgery has been and still is an open issue. We have evolved from 2D classical cephalometric hard-tissue planning to 2D soft tissue planning, and finally to 3D and hard and soft tissue evaluation. This, to our knowledge, is the first description of a new Soft Tissue Plane (STP) and its relationship with the anterior position of the upper incisor (UI). Profile photographs of 110 "attractive individuals" with lips at rest or smiling and with upper incisor shown were used. The photographs used were of 65 professional models from two international agencies and 45 individuals considered most attractive in the internet forums, which included catwalk models and actors. In 86 cases (78.18 %), the incisor was located in front of the STP (A). In 15 cases (13.63%), it was on the plane (N); and in the remaining 9 cases (8.18%), it was behind (P). Despite the limitations of this study and based on our series, we can conclude that the upper incisor is located at or in front of the Soft Tissue Plane (STP) in 91.81% of the attractive facial profiles studied. On the other hand, the relative position of the upper incisor to the soft tissue plane (UI-STP) could be a useful diagnostic and planning tool in orthodontic and surgical management of dentofacial deformities.

  2. Low wage after unemployment - the effect of changes in the UI system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolvig, Iben

    UI system will increase reservation wages and thereby increase the effective minimum wage. This will exclude the least productive individuals from employment and thereby increase the lowest skill level among employed individuals. Hence, the Danish low-wage earners will tend to be better qualified......Low-wage jobs in Denmark are characterized by short durations and a relatively high mobility to higher wage positions, but also to unemployment. This fact might to some extent be attributed to the generous Danish UI system. The theoretical prediction for this relation is twofold. First, a generous...... and their duration as low-wage earners will therefore tend to be shorter. Second, the generous benefit system will allow the unemployed person to wait for better jobs, and likewise, force the employing firms to provide jobs with better prospects. By exploiting several tightening of the Danish UI system during...

  3. Model-Driven Customization for SaaS UI%模型驱动的SaaS用户界面客户化方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常言说; 华庆一; 吴昊; 柏延松


    Aim To solve the diversity of the user, terminal equipment and interactive mode confronted by cloud computing, and achieve the customization of the SaaS UI subsequently. Methods The perceptual control based task model is introduced in the model-driven development process. Results In this paper presents an approach of model-driven customization for SaaS user interface ( UI) . By analyzing perceptual control based task, the approach can acquire the goal of the user and the task and the control variable of the user, the satisfied and customized UI can be provided for the SaaS terminal user via model transformation. Conclusion Developers can improve the usability of final UI through partly model the usability attribute in task model by perceptual control based task analysis.%目的 解决云计算面临的用户多样性、云终端设备多样性以及交互通道多样性,实现用户界面的客户化.方法 在模型驱动的开发过程中引入感知控制任务模型.结果 提出一种基于模型的SaaS用户界面客户化方法,该方法先进行感知控制任务分析,获得用户及任务的目标,用户的控制变量,进而通过模型转换为SaaS的终端用户提供高满意度的客户化用户界面.结论 使用感知控制任务分析可以在任务模型中建模一部分可用性特征,进而提高所获最终用户界面的可用性.

  4. Application of Empathic Design Theory in UI Design%移情设计理论在UI设计中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    近年来互联网产品的快速发展,使得UI设计逐渐为用户所重视。用户不再满足于简洁美观的视觉享受,而开始强调UI设计应围绕用户的体验感受而展开设计。移情是基于对方立场思考的一种方式,移情设计是立足于移情理论基础上的设计观点,理解并掌握移情设计的原理,有助于设计师理解用户的情感体验,有助于更好地优化UI界面,并可以通过UI界面将设计师与用户更好地融为一体,使设计师创造出更优秀的产品。%With the rapid development of internet products in recent years, UI design gradually attracts people’s attention. People no longer satisfy with concise and beautiful visual effect but emphasize that UI design should be carried out based on user's experience. Empathy means thinking from others perspective while empathic design is based on theory of empathy. Understanding the principle of empathy design is helpful for designers to grasp user's emotional experience and better optimize UI interface. Moreover,designers and users can connect with each other better through UI interface to make the products superior.

  5. The Academic English Language Needs of Industrial Design Students in UiTM Kedah, Malaysia (United States)

    Adzmi, Nor Aslah; Bidin, Samsiah; Ibrahim, Syazliyati; Jusoff, Kamaruzaman


    The purpose of this study was to analyse the academic English language lacks and needs of Industrial Design students in Universiti Teknologi MARA Kedah (UiTM). It highlights the lacks and needs for English for Academic Purposes in helping the students to succeed in the program through the usage of English language. The research tools used were in…

  6. Direct observations of the MOF (UiO-66) structure by transmission electron microscopy

    KAUST Repository

    Zhu, Liangkui


    As a demonstration of ab initio structure characterizations of nano metal organic framework (MOF) crystals by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and electron diffraction tomography methods, a Zr-MOF (UiO-66) structure was determined and further confirmed by Rietveld refinements of powder X-ray diffraction. HRTEM gave direct imaging of the channels. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

  7. 78 FR 12655 - Federal-State Unemployment Insurance (UI) Program; Data Exchange Standardization as Required by... (United States)


    ... exchange standardization, but to date, no cross-agency data exchange functions have been identified as... States collaborating to jointly establish a project team to oversee the design, development and... State consortia to develop jointly functional requirements and development of modernized UI IT Benefits...

  8. Effects of population increase on cui-ui growth and maturation (United States)

    Scoppettone, G.G.; Rissler, P.H.


    Cui-ui Chasmistes cujus is endemic to Pyramid Lake, Nevada. The cui-ui population declined during much of the 20th century as a result of water diversion and the formation of a shallow and virtually impassable delta at the mouth of the Truckee River, its spawning habitat. The population increased more than 10-fold to more than 1 million adults after access to the river was restored, creating a period of relatively higher density. This change presented the opportunity to test intraspecific density effects on cui-ui age and length at maturity and on growth. We also compared the year-class structure of the adult population before and after improved access. At low density, cui-ui mean age at maturation was 9.2 years for males and 9.6 for females; at high density, it was significantly higher: 11.8 years for males and 12.0 for females. There was no significant change in mean fork length at maturity related to population increase. Growth patterns differed between high and low density, the low-density fish growing faster than high-density fish before their respective mean age of maturity; past their mean age at maturity, high-density fish grew significantly faster than low-density fish. Fish in both density periods reached similar lengths by about 19-20 years of age. Year-class structure for both density periods consisted of strong year-classes, which predominated the adult population for several years.

  9. 75 FR 51846 - BlueScope Buildings North America Including Workers Whose Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages Are... (United States)


    ... Buildings North America Including Workers Whose Unemployment Insurance (UI) Wages Are Reported Through... wages reported through a separate unemployment insurance (UI) tax account under the name Buttler... as follows: All workers of BlueScope Buildings North America, including workers whose unemployment...

  10. Tuning defects to facilitate hydrogen storage in core-shell MIL-101(Cr)@UiO-66(Zr) nanocrystals

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ren, Jianwei


    Full Text Available In this work, the existence of structural defects in core-shell MIL-101(Cr)@UiO-66(Zr) and pure UiO-66(Zr) were proposed. It was found that longer synthesis time leads to larger crystals, which are however not perfect as they morphologically appear...

  11. Reproductive longevity and fecundity associated with nonannual spawning in cui-ui (United States)

    Scoppettone, G.G.; Rissler, P.H.; Buettner, M.E.


    The cui-ui Chasmistes cujus, a long-lived (40 years or more) and highly fecund catostomid, is often prevented from spawning in drought years. We studied the effect of cui-ui age on egg viability and the effect of nonannual spawning on fecundity in relation to length, age, and growth rate. Egg hatching and survival of swim-up larvae were examined for the offspring of first-time spawners, intermediate-aged females, and old females. Fecundity was tested for three growth categories (fast, intermediate, and slow) in years that were sufficiently wet to allow fish to spawn in the Truckee River and after dry years when fish did not spawn because of river inaccessibility. Females in the fast-growth category were first-time spawners, those in the middle-growth category were young to middle aged, and those in the slow-growth category were middle aged to old. Females up to 44 years of age still had viable eggs and a reproductive life of at least 29 years. Fecundity was greater after no-spawn years (dry year) compared with a spawn year (wet year), especially for fish in the slow-growth category. This study provides insight into the reproductive adaptation of a long-lived western North American catostomid and suggests possible reasons for the wide variation in fecundity in other long-lived catostomids. Our data will be used to improve the accuracy of an existing cui-ui population viability model. The revised model will have greater sensitivity to cui-ui survival relative to their spawning frequency and, thus, contribute to better management of conditions needed for the long-term survival of endangered cui-ui.

  12. Fine Mapping of ui6.1, a Gametophytic Factor Controlling Pollen-Side Unilateral Incompatibility in Interspecific Solanum Hybrids (United States)

    Li, Wentao; Royer, Suzanne; Chetelat, Roger T.


    Unilateral incompatibility (UI) is a prezygotic reproductive barrier in plants that prevents fertilization by foreign (interspecific) pollen through the inhibition of pollen tube growth. Incompatibility occurs in one direction only, most often when the female is a self-incompatible species and the male is self-compatible (the “SI × SC rule”). Pistils of the wild tomato relative Solanum lycopersicoides (SI) reject pollen of cultivated tomato (S. lycopersicum, SC), but accept pollen of S. pennellii (SC accession). Expression of pistil-side UI is weakened in S. lycopersicum × S. lycopersicoides hybrids, as pollen tube rejection occurs lower in the style. Two gametophytic factors are sufficient for pollen compatibility on allotriploid hybrids: ui1.1 on chromosome 1 (near the S locus), and ui6.1 on chromosome 6. We report herein a fine-scale map of the ui6.1 region. Recombination around ui6.1 was suppressed in lines containing a short S. pennellii introgression, but less so in lines containing a longer introgression. More recombinants were obtained from female than male meioses. A high-resolution genetic map of this region delineated the location of ui6.1 to ∼0.128 MU, or 160 kb. Identification of the underlying gene should elucidate the mechanism of interspecific pollen rejection and its relationship to self-incompatibility. PMID:20439771

  13. Scheduling bus services in Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Shah Alam (United States)

    Omar, Mawardi; Ismail, Wan Rosmanira; Oughalime, Ahmed


    This study deals with bus scheduling problem in a local public university. Given existing bus daily trips, set of buses used and set of policy, the aims of this study are to optimize the use of buses for in-campus trips and to cover the trip demands. This study is conducted at Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM) Shah Alam that involves six-zone trips and a single depot. The bus scheduling problem in UiTM is formulated using the integer programming model and the LINGO 12.0 software is used for solving this bus scheduling model. The results of this model showed that the number of buses can be reduced during off-peak hours. Furthermore, optimal trips can also be identified from the results.

  14. Earthdata User Interface Patterns: Building Usable Web Interfaces Through a Shared UI Pattern Library (United States)

    Siarto, J.


    As more Earth science software tools and services move to the web--the design and usability of those tools become ever more important. A good user interface is becoming expected and users are becoming increasingly intolerant of websites and web applications that work against them. The Earthdata UI Pattern Library attempts to give these scientists and developers the design tools they need to make usable, compelling user interfaces without the associated overhead of using a full design team. Patterns are tested and functional user interface elements targeted specifically at the Earth science community and will include web layouts, buttons, tables, typography, iconography, mapping and visualization/graphing widgets. These UI elements have emerged as the result of extensive user testing, research and software development within the NASA Earthdata team over the past year.

  15. Reproduction by the endangered cui-ui in the lower Truckee River (United States)

    Scoppettone, G.G.; Wedemeyer, G.A.; Coleman, M.; Burge, H.


    Adult spawning behavior and emigration of larvae of the endangered cui-ui Chasmistes cujus were studied in a natural side channel of the lower Truckee River. External radio-tags placed on eight apparently did not affect spawning behavior. Cui-uis spawned in clusters of two to seven fish; usually a single female was flanked by two males. Each spawning act lasted 3–6 seconds, and individual fish spawned numerous times. The most active tagged male and female spawned at least 294 times and 114 times, respectively. Individual females broadcast eggs over an area of up to 50 m2. Males spawned over a 4–5-day period, and females over 2.5–4 days. Most spawning occurred at night in water depths ranging from 9 to 43 cm, water velocities ranging from 23 to 87 cm/second, and temperatures of 12–17 C. The preferred spawning substrate was gravel. Peak emergence and out-migration of cui-ui larvae occurred 14 days after peak spawning.

  16. Sonochemical Synthesis of UiO-66 for CO{sub 2} Adsorption and Xylene Isomer Separation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hee-Young; Kim, Se-Na; Kim, Jun; Ahn, Wha-Seung [Inha University, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)


    Zr-benzendicarboxylate structure, UiO-66 was prepared in 1-L batch scale by using a unique sonochemical-solvothermal combined synthesis method. The produced UiO-66 showed uniform particles of ca. 0.2 µm in size with the BET surface area of 1,375 m{sup 2}/g in high product yield (>95%). The UiO-66 showed 198 and 84 mg/g CO{sub 2} adsorption capacity at 273 K and 298 K, respectively, with excellent CO{sub 2} selectivity (CO{sub 2}:N{sub 2}=32:1) at ambient conditions. The isosteric heat of CO{sub 2} adsorption varied from 33 to 25 kJ/mol as the adsorption progressed. The UiO-66 tested for xylene isomer separation in a liquid-phase batch mode confirmed preferential adsorption of the adsorbent for o-xylene over m-, and p-xylene.

  17. MOFabric: Electrospun Nanofiber Mats from PVDF/UiO-66-NH2 for Chemical Protection and Decontamination. (United States)

    Lu, Annie Xi; McEntee, Monica; Browe, Matthew A; Hall, Morgan G; DeCoste, Jared B; Peterson, Gregory W


    Textiles capable of capture and detoxification of toxic chemicals, such as chemical-warfare agents (CWAs), are of high interest. Some metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) exhibit superior reactivity toward CWAs. However, it remains a challenge to integrate powder MOFs into engineered materials like textiles, while retaining functionalities like crystallinity, adsorptivity, and reactivity. Here, we present a simple method of electrospinning UiO-66-NH2, a zirconium MOF, with polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF). The electrospun composite, which we refer to as "MOFabric", exhibits comparable crystal patterns, surface area, chlorine uptake, and simulant hydrolysis to powder UiO-66-NH2. The MOFabric is also capable of breaking down GD (O-pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridae) faster than powder UiO-66-NH2. Half-life of GD monitored by solid-state NMR for MOFabric is 131 min versus 315 min on powder UiO-66-NH2.

  18. Effective UI The Art of Building Great User Experience in Software

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, Jonathan; Wilson, Robb


    People expect effortless, engaging interaction with desktop and web applications, but producing software that generates enjoyable user experiences is much harder than many companies anticipate. With Effective UI, you'll learn proven user-experience strategies that will satisfy your clients and customers, drive business value, and increase brand strength. This book shows you how to capture the collaborative and cooperative spirit among designers, engineers, and management required for building engaging software. You'll also learn valuable methods for maintaining focus throughout the process -

  19. Relationship of saving habit determinants among undergraduate students: A case study of UiTM Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Seremban (United States)

    Syahrom, N. S.; Nasrudin, N. S.; Mohamad Yasin, N.; Azlan, N.; Manap, N.


    It has been reported that students are already accumulating substantial debt from higher education fees and their spending habit are at a critical stage. These situations cause the youngsters facing bankruptcy if they cannot improve their saving habit. Many researches have acknowledged that the determinants of saving habit include financial management, parental socialization, peer influence, and self-control. However, there remains a need for investigating the relationship between these determinants in order to avoid bankruptcy among youngsters. The objectives of this study are to investigate the relationship between saving habit determinants and to generate a statistical model based on the determinants of saving habit. Data collection method used is questionnaire and its scope is undergraduate students of UiTM Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Seremban. Samples are chosen by using stratified probability sampling technique and cross-sectional method is used as the research design. The results are then analysed by using descriptive analysis, reliability test, Pearson Correlation, and Multiple Linear Regression analysis. It shows that saving habit and self-control has no relationship. It means that students with less self-control tend to save less. A statistical model has been generated that incorporated this relationship. This study is significant to help the students save more by having high self-control.

  20. In situ growth of CdS nanoparticles on UiO-66 metal-organic framework octahedrons for enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production under visible light irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Jian-Jian; Wang, Rong; Liu, Xin-Ling; Peng, Fu-Min [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and Innovation Lab for Clean Energy & Green Catalysis, Anhui University, Hefei 230601 (China); Li, Chuan-Hao, E-mail: [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and Innovation Lab for Clean Energy & Green Catalysis, Anhui University, Hefei 230601 (China); Department of Chemical & Environmental Engineering, Yale University, New Haven 06511 (United States); Teng, Fei [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, School of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044 (China); Yuan, Yu-Peng, E-mail: [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering and Innovation Lab for Clean Energy & Green Catalysis, Anhui University, Hefei 230601 (China); Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, School of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044 (China)


    Graphical abstract: Enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen generation was achieved though constructing the CdS/UiO-66 MOF hybrids. In addition, the resultant hybrids show excellent photostability for hydrogen generation. - Highlights: • CdS nanoparticles were hydrothermally grown on UiO-66 octahedrons. • The resultant CdS/UiO-66 hybrids show enhanced photocatalytic H{sub 2} generation under visible light irradiation. • CdS/UiO-66 hybrids possess excellent photostability for long-term hydrogen generation. - Abstract: CdS nanoparticles acting as photosensitizer was grown in situ upon UiO-66 metal-organic framework octahedrons through a hydrothermal process. The resultant CdS/UiO-66 hybrid photocatalysts show remarkably active hydrogen evolution under visible light irradiation as compared to CdS and UiO-66 alone. The optimum hybrid with 16 wt% CdS loading shows a hydrogen production rate of 235 μmol h{sup −1}, corresponding to 1.2% quantum efficiency at 420 nm. The improved photocatalytic hydrogen production over hybrid CdS/UiO-66 is ascribed to the efficient interfacial charge transfer from CdS to UiO-66, which effectively suppresses the recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pairs and thereby enhancing the photocatalytic efficiency.

  1. Population dynamics of the Cui-ui of Pyramid Lake, Nevada: a Potamodromous catostomid subject to failed reproduction (United States)

    Scoppettone, Gayton G.; Rissler, Peter H.; Fabes, Mark C.; Shea, Sean P.


    Fishes of the Truckee River basin (California and Nevada) evolved in an aquatic system that has been episodically diminished by extended drought. For potamodromous species, such as the endangered Cui-ui endemic to Pyramid Lake, Nevada, prehistoric episodic severe drought presumably led to periods of failed reproduction due to restricted access to spawning habitat. The response of the Cui-ui population to more recent failed reproduction caused by anthropogenic activity was studied to learn how to manage this species through periods of spawning disruption. Adult Cui-ui survival averaged 91% and 89% for females and males, respectively, in drought years when spawning migrations were either precluded or few fish migrated because of no or low stream flow. In each of 2 years when stream access was precluded, the adult survival was nearly 100% suggesting that Cui-ui survival is extended in the absence of a spawning migration. Survival averaged 62% and 60% for females and males, respectively, in years of spawning migrations. Strong predominant year-classes developed in the year immediately following a period of failed reproduction, indicating the species’ capacity for population rebound. Year-class predominance persisted for 6–10 years and through years of low survival associated with migration years, and this predominance is probably due, in part, to a diverse age at maturity. Contemporary water diversions from the Truckee River provided the opportunity to study the response of the Cui-ui population to years of failed reproduction. A projected drier Truckee River basin associated with global climate change will test the Cui-ui’s adaptive capacity to endure periods of reproductive failure. This study is aimed at assisting Cui-ui managers in conserving the species in this highly regulated and changing system. The study also adds insight into the prehistoric population dynamics of a potamodromous species in the arid western United States subject to wide fluctuations in


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wan Nuur Fazliza Wan Zakaria


    Full Text Available Students who face communicative anxiety have either fear or uneasiness about their learning experience. This kind of feelings has hindered and impeded the language learning process and their abilities to perform well in any oral presentation. This present study aims at exploring the factors that lead to communication apprehension among Part One Diploma students from Business and Management Faculty, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM Kelantan, Malaysia from psychological and socio-cultural perspectives. The study which involved 51 ESL students is conducted through a survey method using a set of questionnaire. The data were analysed using the SPSS statistical computer package (Statistical Package for Social Science. The means and percentages of each item in the questionnaire were used to look at the factors which contribute to communicative anxiety among the learners. The study revealed that both psychological and sociocultural factors do affect English learners‟ communication apprehension.

  3. La deserción estudiantil UIS, una mirada desde la responsabilidad social universitaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Zárate Rueda


    Full Text Available La deserción estudiantil en las instituciones de educación superior se ha convertido en un problema social que aqueja a las poblaciones más vulnerables dentro de la estructura socioeconómica, limitando las posibilidades del desarrollo humano y, por ende, el desarrollo de una nación, debiendo ser abordada la problemática desde las políticas institucionales de educación superior en el marco de su Responsabilidad Social Universitaria –RSU– con la comunidad y el Estado. De ahí, la importancia del abordaje del tema de deserción UIS desde una mirada cuanti-cualitativa y en referencia a la RSU.

  4. Evidence for a chemical clock in oscillatory formation of UiO-66 (United States)

    Goesten, M. G.; de Lange, M. F.; Olivos-Suarez, A. I.; Bavykina, A. V.; Serra-Crespo, P.; Krywka, C.; Bickelhaupt, F. M.; Kapteijn, F.; Gascon, Jorge


    Chemical clocks are often used as exciting classroom experiments, where an induction time is followed by rapidly changing colours that expose oscillating concentration patterns. This type of reaction belongs to a class of nonlinear chemical kinetics also linked to chaos, wave propagation and Turing patterns. Despite its vastness in occurrence and applicability, the clock reaction is only well understood for liquid-state processes. Here we report a chemical clock reaction, in which a solidifying entity, metal-organic framework UiO-66, displays oscillations in crystal dimension and number, as shown by X-ray scattering. In rationalizing this result, we introduce a computational approach, the metal-organic molecular orbital methodology, to pinpoint interaction between the tectonic building blocks that construct the metal-organic framework material. In this way, we show that hydrochloric acid plays the role of autocatalyst, bridging separate processes of condensation and crystallization.

  5. Analysis of controversial items in the theoretical design of the undergraduate's thesis at the Cuban University of Informatics Sciences (UIS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolando Quintana Aput


    Full Text Available The present paper encloses the analysis of some troubles related to the development of theoretical design concerning the undergraduate thesis at the Cuban University of Informatics Sciences (UIS. This analysis proves to be decisive due to the existing demand for improving professionals training in the fields of investigation related to computing world.

  6. Fabrication of core-shell MIL-101(Cr)@UiO-66(Zr) nanocrystals for hydrogen storage

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ren, Jianwei


    Full Text Available of the individual metal-organic framework (MOF) components and the coreeshell hybrid crystals were also characterized. The hydrogen storage capacity exhibited by the resulting core eshell nanocrystals was 26% and 60% higher than those of pure phase MIL-101 and Ui...

  7. Habitat quality and recruitment success of cui-ui in the Truckee River downstream of Marble Bluff Dam, Pyramid Lake, Nevada (United States)

    Scoppettone, G. Gary; Rissler, Peter H.; Salgado, J. Antonio; Harry, Beverly


    We compared cui-ui (Chasmistes cujus) recruitment from two reaches of the Truckee River with histories of severe erosional downcutting caused by a decline in Pyramid Lake surface elevation. In 1975, Marble Bluff Dam (MBD) was constructed 5 kilometers upstream of the extant mouth of the Truckee River to stabilize the upstream reach of the river; the downstream reach of the river remained unstable and consequently unsuitable for cui-ui recruitment. By the early 2000s, there was a decrease in the Truckee River’s slope from MBD to Pyramid Lake after a series of wet years in the 1990s. This was followed by changes in river morphology and erosion abatement. These changes led to the question as to cui-ui recruitment potential in the Truckee River downstream of MBD. In 2012, more than 7,000 cui-ui spawners were passed upstream of MBD, although an indeterminate number of cui-ui spawned downstream of MBD. In this study, we compared cui-ui recruitment upstream and downstream of MBD during a Truckee River low-flow year (2012). Cui-ui larvae emigration to Pyramid Lake began earlier and ended later downstream of MBD. A greater number of cui-ui larvae was produced downstream of MBD than upstream. This also was true for native Tahoe sucker (Catostomus tahoensis) and Lahontan redside (Richardsonius egregius). The improved Truckee River stability downstream of MBD and concomitant cui-ui recruitment success is attributed to a rise in Pyramid Lake's surface elevation. A decline in lake elevation may lead to a shift in stream morphology and substrate composition to the detriment of cui-ui reproductive success as well as the reproductive success of other native fishes.

  8. Computational exploration of H2S/CH4 mixture separation using acid-functionalized UiO-66(Zr) membrane and composites☆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shumeng Wang; Dong Wu; Hongliang Huang; Qingyuan Yang; Minman Tong; Dahuan Liu; Chongli Zhong


    A computational study was firstly performed in this work to examine the applicability of an acid-functionalized metal-organic framework (MOF), UiO-66(Zr)-(COOH)2, in membrane-based H2S/CH4 separation. The results show that this MOF could be potentially interesting when being used as the pure membrane material for the sep-aration of the mixture with low H2S concentration. Further, the performance of 10 different mixed matrix mem-branes (MMMs) on the basis of the MOF was predicted by combing the molecular simulation data and the Maxwel permeation model. The results indicate that using this MOF as filler particles in MMMs can significantly enhance the permeation performance of pure polymers. The findings obtained in this work may be helpful in fa-cilitating the application of this promising MOF for practical desulfurization process of fuel gas.

  9. Gambaran Komponen Senyum Pasien Sebelum Perawatan Ortodonti (Kajian Foto Frontal di Klinik Ortodonti RSGMP FKG UI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuri Analia


    Full Text Available Smile is a non-verbal communication to express spontaneous feelings and emotions. Most patients that come to have orthodontic treatments want to have an attractive smile, but before the treatment smile has not yet been studied. There are eight components to make ideal frontal smile: lip line, smile arc, upper lip curve, buccal corridor, symmetry of smile, occlusal plane, dental and gingival components. This study was descriptive in design, in order to obtain frontal smile description before orthodontic treatment of RSGMP FKG UI patients that were grouped according to facial form, age, and gender. The results of the study show that patient smile before orthodontic treatment frequently exhibits medium lip line and the mean of incisor display at 75% of clinical crown. Most subjects show gingival display of 2 mm or less. On the smile arc, the most common features are straight smile and consonant smile. Equally common smile arc positions are those touching and not touching lower lip. The average buccal corridor is in medium smile, and thus most subjects have straight upper lip curves and symmetric smiles.DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v15i1.80

  10. MosaicUI: Interactive media navigation using grid-based video

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenhuizen, A.T.; Brandenburg, R. van; Niamut, O.A.


    Intuitively navigating through a large number of video sources can be a difficult task. The problem of locating a video asset of interest, whilst keeping an overview of all the available content arises in video search and video dashboard application domains, utilizing the new possibilities provided

  11. Performance Analysis of AODV-UI Routing Protocol With Energy Consumption Improvement Under Mobility Models in Hybrid Ad hoc Network


    Abdusy Syarif; Riri Fitri Sari


    In mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), routing protocol plays the most important role. In the last decade, Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing protocol becomes the attention of focussed research on MANETs world wide. A lot of protocols had been proposed to improve and optimize AODV routing protocol to achieve the best in quest of reliable protocol. In this paper, we present some improvement suggestion to AODV routing protocol. Our proposed protocol, called AODV-UI, improved AODV in g...

  12. Reverse shape selectivity in the liquid-phase adsorption of xylene isomers in zirconium terephthalate MOF UiO-66. (United States)

    Moreira, Mariana A; Santos, João C; Ferreira, Alexandre F P; Loureiro, José M; Ragon, Florence; Horcajada, Patricia; Shim, Kyu-E; Hwang, Young-K; Lee, U-Hwang; Chang, Jong-S; Serre, Christian; Rodrigues, Alírio E


    Powder, agglomerates, and tablets of the microporous zirconium(IV) terephthalate metal-organic framework UiO-66 were evaluated for the selective adsorption and separation of xylene isomers in the liquid phase using n-heptane as the eluent. Pulse experiments, performed at 313 K in the presence of n-heptane, revealed the o-xylene preference of this material, which was further confirmed by binary and multicomponent breakthrough experiments in the presence of m- and p-xylene, resulting in selectivities at 313 K of 1.8 and 2.4 with regards to m-xylene and p-xylene, respectively. Additionally, because p-xylene is the less retained isomer, UiO-66 presents a selectivity pattern that is reverse of that of the xylenes' molecular dimension with respect to shape selectivity. The shaping of the material as tablets did not significantly change its selectivity toward the o-xylene isomer or toward p-xylene, which was the less retained isomer, despite a loss in capacity. Finally, the selectivity behavior of UiO-66 in the liquid n-heptane phase makes it a suitable material for o-xylene separation in the extract (heavy product) or p-xylene separation in the raffinate (light product) by simulated moving bed technology.

  13. Tuning Pt and Cu sites population inside functionalized UiO-67 MOF by controlling activation conditions. (United States)

    Braglia, L; Borfecchia, E; Lomachenko, K A; Bugaev, A L; Guda, A A; Soldatov, A V; Bleken, B T L; Øien-Ødegaard, S; Olsbye, U; Lillerud, K P; Bordiga, S; Agostini, G; Manzoli, M; Lamberti, C


    The exceptional thermal and chemical stability of the UiO-66, -67 and -68 classes of isostructural MOFs [J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2008, 130, 13850] makes them ideal materials for functionalization purposes aimed at introducing active centres for potential application in heterogeneous catalysis. We previously demonstrated that a small fraction (up to 10%) of the linkers in the UiO-67 MOF can be replaced by bipyridine-dicarboxylate (bpydc) moieties exhibiting metal-chelating ability and enabling the grafting of Pt(ii) and Pt(iv) ions in the MOF framework [Chem. Mater., 2015, 27, 1042] upon interaction with PtCl2 or PtCl4 precursors. Herein we extend this functionalization approach in two directions. First, we show that by controlling the activation of the UiO-67-Pt we can move from a material hosting isolated Pt(ii) sites anchored to the MOF framework with Pt(ii) exhibiting two coordination vacancies (potentially interesting for C-H bond activation) to the formation of very small Pt nanoparticles hosted inside the MOF cavities (potentially interesting for hydrogenation reactions). The second direction consists of the extension of the approach to the insertion of Cu(ii), obtained via interaction with CuCl2, and exhibiting interesting redox properties. All materials have been characterized by in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Pt L3- and Cu K-edges.

  14. Carbon dioxide adsorption in amine-functionalized mixed-ligand metal-organic frameworks of UiO-66 topology. (United States)

    Ethiraj, Jayashree; Albanese, Elisa; Civalleri, Bartolomeo; Vitillo, Jenny G; Bonino, Francesca; Chavan, Sachin; Shearer, Greig C; Lillerud, Karl Petter; Bordiga, Silvia


    A series of mixed-ligand [1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid (BDC)/2-amino-1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid (ABDC)] UiO-66 metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) synthesized through two different methods (low (LT) and high temperature (HT)) have been investigated for their carbon dioxide adsorption properties from 0 to 1 bar to clarify the role of amino loading on carbon dioxide uptake. Volumetric CO2 isotherms show that the CO2 capacity (normalized to the Langmuir surface area) increases with a degree of functionalization of about 46%; for similar NH2 contents, the same values are found for both synthetic procedures. Microcalorimetric isotherms reveal that amino-functionalized materials have a larger differential heat of adsorption (q(diff) ) towards CO2 ; reaching 27(25) and 20(22) kJ mol(-1) on HT(LT)-UiO-66-NH2 and UiO-66, respectively, at the lowest equilibrium pressures used in this study. All experimental results are supported by values obtained through quantum mechanical calculations.

  15. Zirconium-based metal organic frameworks: Highly selective adsorbents for removal of phosphate from water and urine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, Kun-Yi Andrew, E-mail: [Department of Environmental Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Chen, Shen-Yi [Department of Environmental Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Jochems, Andrew P. [New Mexico Bureau of Geology & Mineral Resources and New Mexico Institute of Mining & Technology, Socorro, NM (United States)


    Phosphate is one of the most concerning compounds in wastewater streams and a main nutrient that causes eutrophication. To eliminate the phosphate pollution, Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are proposed in this study as adsorbents to remove phosphate from water. The zirconium-based MOF, UiO-66, was selected as representative MOF given its exceptional stability in water. To investigate the effect of an amine functional group, UiO-66-NH2 was also prepared using an amine-substituted ligand. The adsorption kinetics and isotherm reveal that UiO-66-NH2 exhibited higher adsorption capacities than UiO-66 possibly due to the amine group. However, the interaction between phosphate and zirconium sites of UiO MOFs might be the primary factor accounting for the phosphate adsorption to UiO MOFs. UiO MOFs also exhibited a high selectivity towards phosphate over other anions such as bromate, nitrite and nitrate. Furthermore, UiO MOFs were found to adsorb phosphate and to completely remove diluted phosphate in urine. We also found that UiO MOFs could be easily regenerated and re-used for phosphate adsorption. These findings suggest that UiO MOFs can be effective and selective adsorbents to remove phosphate from water as well as urine. - Highlights: • UiO-66 as the first type of MOFs was used to remove phosphate from water and urine. • The amine group in UiO MOFs was found to enhance the phosphate adsorption. • UiO-66 exhibited a high adsorption selectivity towards phosphate over other anions. • UiO-66 could be easily regenerated and re-used with 85% regeneration efficiency.

  16. Structural determination of a highly stable metal-organic framework with possible application to interim radioactive waste scavenging: Hf-UiO-66 (United States)

    Jakobsen, Søren; Gianolio, Diego; Wragg, David S.; Nilsen, Merete Hellner; Emerich, Hermann; Bordiga, Silvia; Lamberti, Carlo; Olsbye, Unni; Tilset, Mats; Lillerud, Karl Petter


    High-resolution synchrotron radiation x-ray powder diffraction (HR-XRPD) combined with Hf L3-edge extended x-ray absorption fine structure allowed us to determine the structure of a Hf-UiO-66 metal-organic framework (MOF) showing that it is isoreticular to Zr-UiO-66 MOF [Cavka , J. Am. Chem. Soc.JACSAT0002-786310.1021/ja8057953 130, 13850 (2008).]. Thermal gravimetric measurements (coupled with mass spectroscopy) and temperature-dependent synchrotron radiation XRPD proved the high thermal stability of the Hf-UiO-66 MOF. The Langmuir surface area (849 m2/g) combined with the high stability of the UiO-66 framework and with the high neutron absorption cross section of Hf suggest that among all microporous crystalline materials the Hf-UiO-66 MOF possesses the physical and chemical requirements for the interim storage of radioactive waste in a much safer way than is currently available. The first results proving the synthesis of a MOF material with UiO-66 topology realized by a B-containing linker are also reported, allowing a further improvement of the neutron shielding power of this class of materials.

  17. 产学科学知识转移网络中的桥接科学家角色分析%Analysis of the Roles Played by Bridging Scientists in U-I Scientific Knowledge Transfer Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴云龙; 郭菊娥; 江旭


    首先,基于企业科学家与大学科学家之间的论文合作关系和专利合作关系分别建立科学家合作发表网络与合作发明网络,然后将二者整合组成科学家R&D合作网络,代表了完整的产学科学知识转移网络。其次,对桥接科学家在科学家R&D合作网络形成过程中的作用及其网络节点特征进行分析,揭示其跨界联系人的角色。再次,通过网络结构对比分析,发现整合了合作发明关系后产学科学知识转移网络的结构凝聚性和连通性大幅提高。最后,总结桥接科学家在产学科学知识转移过程中联系产业界与科学界、识别有价值科学知识,改善产学科学知识转移网络结构和提高产学科学知识转移效率的作用。%Firstly, we build the scientists' R&D collaboration network, the more complete U-I (university-industry) scientific knowledge transfer network, based on co-invention and co-publication relationship. Secondly, we analyze the role played by bridging scientists in the forming process of scientists' R&D collaboration network and their node feature, reveal their role of boundary spanner. Thirdly, according to comparative network structure analysis, we find that the structural cohesion and connectiveness of the network of scientific knowledge transfer between scientific community and technological community are improved significantly after considering the co-invention rela-tionship. At last, we summarize the critical role played by bridging scientists in the U-I scientific knowledge trans-fer process, such as bridging the scientific community and technological community, identifying the valuable scien-tific knowledge, improving the structure of U-I scientific knowledge transfer network, and promoting U-I scientific knowledge transfer.

  18. Family of the Sun-and-Stars Time-Determining Instruments (Ilseong-jeongsi-ui) Invented During the Joseon Dynasty (United States)

    Lee, Yong Sam; Kim, Sang Hyuk; Mihn, Byeong-Hee


    We analyze the design and specifications of the Sun-and-Stars Time-Determining group of instruments (Ilseong-jeongsi-ui, 日星定時儀) made during the Joseon dynasty. According to the records of the Sejong Sillok (Veritable Records of King Sejong), Sun-and-Stars Time-Determining Instruments measure the solar time of day and the sidereal time of night through three rings and an alidade. One such instrument, the Simplified Time-Determining Instrument (So-jeongsi-ui, 小定時儀), is made without the essential component for alignment with the celestial north pole. Among this group of instruments, only two bronze Hundred-Interval-Ring Sundials (Baekgak-hwan-Ilgu, 百刻環日晷) currently exist. A comparison of the functions of these two relics with two Time-Determining Instruments suggests that the Hundred-Interval-Ring Sundial is a Simplified Sundial (So-ilyeong, 小日影), as recorded in the Sejong Sillok and the Seongjong Sillok (Veritable Records of King Seongjong). Furthermore, the Simplified Sundial is a model derived from the Simplified Time-Determining Instrument. During the King Sejong reign, the Sun-and-Stars Time-Determining Instruments were used in military camps of the kingdom’s frontiers, in royal ancestral rituals, and in royal astronomical observatories.

  19. Hybrid Polymer/UiO-66(Zr) and Polymer/NaY Fiber Sorbents for Mercaptan Removal from Natural Gas. (United States)

    Chen, Grace; Koros, William J; Jones, Christopher W


    Zeolite NaY and metal organic frameworks MIL-53(Al) and UiO-66(Zr) are spun with cellulose acetate (CA) polymer to create hybrid porous composite fibers for the selective adsorption of sulfur odorant compounds from pipeline natural gas. Odorant removal is desirable to limit corrosion associated with sulfur oxide production, thereby increasing lifetime in gas turbines used for electricity generation. In line with these goals, the performance of the hybrid fibers is evaluated on the basis of sulfur sorption capacity and selectivity, as well as fiber stability and regenerability, compared to their polymer-free sorbent counterparts. The capacities of the powder sorbents are also measured using various desorption temperatures to evaluate the potential for lower temperature, energy, and cost-efficient system operation. Both NaY/CA and UiO-66(Zr)/CA hybrid fibers are prepared with high sorbent loadings, and both have high capacities and selectivities for t-butyl mercaptan (TBM) odorant sorption from a model natural gas (NG), while being stable to multiple regeneration cycles. The different advantages and disadvantages of both types of fibers relative are discussed, with both offering the potential advantages of low pressure drop, rapid heat and mass transfer, and low energy requirements over traditional sulfur removal technologies such as hydrodesulfurization (HDS) or adsorption in a pellet packed beds.

  20. Evidence from NMR interaction studies challenges the hypothesis of direct lipid transfer from L-FABP to malaria sporozoite protein UIS3. (United States)

    Favretto, Filippo; Assfalg, Michael; Molinari, Henriette; D'Onofrio, Mariapina


    UIS3 is a malaria parasite protein essential for liver stage development of Plasmodium species, presumably localized to the membrane of the parasitophorous vacuole formed in infected cells. It has been recently proposed that the soluble domain of UIS3 interacts with the host liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP), providing the parasite with a pathway for importing exogenous lipids required for its rapid growth. This finding may suggest novel strategies for arresting parasite development. In this study, we have investigated the interaction between human L-FABP and the soluble domain of Plasmodium falciparum UIS3 by NMR spectroscopy. The amino acid residue-specific analysis of (1)H,(15) N-2D NMR spectra excluded the occurrence of a direct interaction between L-FABP (in its unbound and oleate-loaded forms) and Pf-UIS3. Furthermore, the spectrum of Pf-UIS3 was unchanged when oleate or phospholipids were added. The present investigation entails a reformulation of the current model of host-pathogen lipid transfer, possibly redirecting research for early intervention against malaria.

  1. Gated Channels and Selectivity Tuning of CO2 over N2 Sorption by Post-Synthetic Modification of a UiO-66-Type Metal-Organic Framework. (United States)

    Kronast, Alexander; Eckstein, Sebastian; Altenbuchner, Peter T; Hindelang, Konrad; Vagin, Sergei I; Rieger, Bernhard


    The highly porous and stable metal-organic framework (MOF) UiO-66 was altered using post-synthetic modifications (PSMs). Prefunctionalization allowed the introduction of carbon double bonds into the framework through a four-step synthesis from 2-bromo-1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid; the organic linker 2-allyl-1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid was obtained. The corresponding functionalized MOF (UiO-66-allyl) served as a platform for further PSMs. From UiO-66-allyl, epoxy, dibromide, thioether, diamine, and amino alcohol functionalities were synthesized. The abilities of these compounds to adsorb CO2 and N2 were compared, which revealed the structure-selectivity correlations. All synthesized MOFs showed profound thermal stability together with an increased ability for selective CO2 uptake and molecular gate functionalities at low temperatures.

  2. Unusual and highly tunable missing-linker defects in zirconium metal-organic framework UiO-66 and their important effects on gas adsorption. (United States)

    Wu, Hui; Chua, Yong Shen; Krungleviciute, Vaiva; Tyagi, Madhusudan; Chen, Ping; Yildirim, Taner; Zhou, Wei


    UiO-66 is a highly important prototypical zirconium metal-organic framework (MOF) compound because of its excellent stabilities not typically found in common porous MOFs. In its perfect crystal structure, each Zr metal center is fully coordinated by 12 organic linkers to form a highly connected framework. Using high-resolution neutron power diffraction technique, we found the first direct structural evidence showing that real UiO-66 material contains significant amount of missing-linker defects, an unusual phenomenon for MOFs. The concentration of the missing-linker defects is surprisingly high, ∼10% in our sample, effectively reducing the framework connection from 12 to ∼11. We show that by varying the concentration of the acetic acid modulator and the synthesis time, the linker vacancies can be tuned systematically, leading to dramatically enhanced porosity. We obtained samples with pore volumes ranging from 0.44 to 1.0 cm(3)/g and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface areas ranging from 1000 to 1600 m(2)/g, the largest values of which are ∼150% and ∼60% higher than the theoretical values of defect-free UiO-66 crystal, respectively. The linker vacancies also have profound effects on the gas adsorption behaviors of UiO-66, in particular CO2. Finally, comparing the gas adsorption of hydroxylated and dehydroxylated UiO-66, we found that the former performs systematically better than the latter (particularly for CO2) suggesting the beneficial effect of the -OH groups. This finding is of great importance because hydroxylated UiO-66 is the practically more relevant, non-air-sensitive form of this MOF. The preferred gas adsorption on the metal center was confirmed by neutron diffraction measurements, and the gas binding strength enhancement by the -OH group was further supported by our first-principles calculations.

  3. Synnøve des Bouvries karriere ved UiT, 1972–2014: Intervju og bibliografi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Per Pippin Aspaas


    Full Text Available The career of Synnøve des Bouvrie at the University of Tromsø, 1972–2014: Interview and bibliography. Synnøve des Bouvrie was born in Bussum near Amsterdam on 16 November 1944 as the child of a Norwegian mother and a Dutch father. After studies of classical philology at Leiden, she became one of the first lecturers at the University of Tromsø (UiT in September 1972. A true pioneer, she has fought relentlessly for gender equality and the preservation of the so-called «small» languages at the UiT. Mastering ten languages altogether, Synnøve’s own research has always been internationally oriented. Applying an anthropological perspective on the ancient societies, she has also studied the current study of ancient tragedies from a similar, detached perspective, by means of which she has been able to single out national trends and historical contingency in cutting-edge research. Moreover, this «rare bird in Ultima Thule» is a staunch advocate for the active use of Latin in teaching and research and a prominent member of the Academia Latinitati Fovendae. In Tromsø too, she has been active in another academy, the cross-disciplinary Academia Borealis, of which she is the serving president. Moreover, she has taught and helped establish courses in various subjects outside her field of specialty at the UiT, like a cross-disciplinary course on Graeco-Roman art, archaeology, literature and history (Antikkens kultur and comparative literature (Allmenn litteratur. The interview is highly personal, crammed with anecdotes from Synnøve’s private life and deliberations on how her upbringing may have influenced her choices as an academic. The bibliography lists her publications from 1972 to the present. In the interview she reveals that a monograph on Euripides can be expected to be published soon with an international publisher. In the appendix several illustrations are included, with captions in English.

  4. 基于 EasyUI datagrid 实现数据库操作的方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



      MVC 三层架构是一种经典的设计模式,MVC 的思想是将“显示”(View)、“数据”(Model)和“控制”(Control)分开。而 Jquery UI 作为前端视图的一种流行插件,也正逐渐得到广泛应用。其中 Datagrid 是数据库 WEB 页面呈现较频繁的一种样式,设计中,数据在呈现于 WEB 页面前,已事先被封装为 JSON 格式的数据,数据和显示及控制是分开进行的。

  5. 基于UI扩展的MVC模式的研究%Research on the MVC pattern with UI extension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋辉; 孟伟君



  6. Growth and longevity of the cui-ui and longevity of other catostomids and cyprinids in western North America (United States)

    Scoppettone, G.G.; Coleman, M.E.


    Annulus formation on opercula of the cui-ui Chasmistes cujus in Pyramid Lake, Nevada, was validated over an 8-year interval. Many fish were old, as old as 41 years of age, As many as three annuli were hidden (covered by supporting bone) in older fish. Growth was rapid during the first 10 years, slow from 10 to 20 years, and extremely slow or nil after 20 years. Age and growth were strongly correlated for about the first 10 years of life, but less so when fish became sexually mature. Examination of opercula of 15 additional species of large catostomids and cyprinids of western North America revealed that they were older than had previously been thought.

  7. Comparison between RVG UI sensor and Kodak InSight film for detection of incipient proximal caries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuda, Yukiko; Hanazawa, Tomomi; Seki, Kenji; Araki, Kazuyuki; Okano, Tomohiro [Showa Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Dentistry


    The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the four combination modes of Trophy Radio Visio Graphy (RVG) UI sensor (Trex-Trophy Radiology Inc., Marne-la-Valee, France) and Kodak InSight film (Eastman Kodak Co., Rochester, NY) for detecting proximal dental caries. Thirty extracted human upper premolars were selected. Of 60 surfaces, 25 had carious lesions in the form of small cavities, and the rest showed no evidence of caries as verified by a micro computed tomogram (micro CT; XCT Research SA+, Stratec Medizintechnik GmbH, Pforzheim, Germany). All teeth were radiographed with the paralleling technique (60 kV, 40 cm focus-to-sensor distance). Four combination modes (high-resolution caries mode-HRC; high-sensitivity caries mode-HSC; high-resolution periodontal mode-HRP; and high-resolution endo mode-HRE) were used. Exposure was set at 0.12 sec for HRC, 0.08 sec for HSC, 0.16 sec for HRP, 0.12 sec for HRE, and 0.16 sec for the Kodak InSight film. The resulting images were evaluated by three oral radiologists. The same three observers evaluated the digital images, and were allowed to use the contrast and brightness controls in doing so. Possible differences in receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve areas among image modalities were assessed by the Friedman test. The mean ROC curve areas were 0.66{+-}0.11 for HRC, 0.78{+-}0.02 for HSC, 0.76{+-}0.04 for HRE, 0.77{+-}0.04 for HRP, and 0.71{+-}0.09 for the Kodak InSight film. There were no statistically significant differences between HRC, HSC, HRE, HRP and the Kodak InSight film in terms of proximal caries detection. The four modes of RVG UI system are each a viable alternative to intraoral film for the detection of incipient dental caries. (author)

  8. High gas storage capacities and stepwise adsorption in a UiO type metal-organic framework incorporating Lewis basic bipyridyl sites. (United States)

    Li, Liangjun; Tang, Sifu; Wang, Chao; Lv, Xiaoxia; Jiang, Min; Wu, Huaizhi; Zhao, Xuebo


    A UiO type MOF with Lewis basic bipyridyl sites was synthesized and structurally characterized. After being activated by Soxhlet-extraction, this MOF exhibits high storage capacities for H2, CH4 and CO2, and shows unusual stepwise adsorption for liquid CO2 and solvents, indicating a sequential filling mechanism on different adsorption sites.

  9. 人性化软件界面设计的历史和原则%The History and Principles of the User-friendly Software UI Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    从软件编码以及软件界面设计的发展历史入手,详述了软件界面的3种历史形态,即批处理界面、命令行用户界面、图形用户界面,指出软件界面设计应以人为本,人性化是软件界面设计的本质要求。在此基础上,进一步分析了人性化设计在软件界面的色彩、布局、交互性3个方面的应用原则,指出配色应种类适中、形象独特、色调统一、符合用户心理特征;布局应遵循简洁、顺序、规范、平衡和对比等原则;而交互性中换肤以及智能布局是人性化软件界面设计的2个重要发展方向。%From the development history of the software coding and UI (User Interface) design, three historical forms of software UI, i.e. batch interface, command line user interface and graphical user interface were described in detail. A viewpoint that the software UI design should be human-oriented and the user-friendly design being its essential requirement was proposed. On this basis, further discussion on the principles of user-friendly principle in software UI design were taken in three respects of color, layout and interactivity. And it pointed out that the color applied in software UI should be moderate, unique, uniform and coincident with the psychological characteristics of users. These principles of simplicity, sequence, normalization, balance and contrast should be followed in its layout and the skin replacement and intelligent layout in terms of the interactivity were two important development directions of user-friendly software UI design.

  10. CRM System Using UI-AKD Approach of D3M

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.N.V.R.Swarup kumar,


    Full Text Available Customer Relationship Management has entered the mainstream. Despite the uncertainty of the economy, CRM is being thrust into corporate budgets and talked about as a critical initiative by numerous of companies. It has gone from being an important edge in the business world to a necessary tool for survival. Building an effective CRM system can get more effectively in acquiring new customers, increasing value of existing customers and retaining good customers. At the same time, the data of data warehouse will offer the best dataresource for the application of Domain Driven Data Mining (D3M for short on CRM. This paper introduces CRM and managing relationships with customers has become a critical organizational competency. Get winning strategies with the latent advanced technologies. Then ntroduces the architecture of CRM based on Domain Driven Data Mining, discusses the main steps of designing the Data warehouse and describes the meaning of Domain Driven Data Mining applied to CRM. Atlast, the promoting effects of Domain Driven Data Mining to individual service are presented .

  11. Bilateral consecutive rupture of the quadriceps tendon in a man with BstUI polymorphism of the COL5A1 gene. (United States)

    Longo, Umile Giuseppe; Fazio, Vito; Poeta, Maria Luana; Rabitti, Carla; Franceschi, Francesco; Maffulli, Nicola; Denaro, Vincenzo


    A genetic component has been implicated in tendinopathies involving tendon rupture. Type V collagen, a quantitatively minor fibrillar collagen which forms heterotypic fibrils with type I collagen, plays a role in the regulation of the size and configuration of fibrils of the much more abundant component type I collagen. To date, no data on the genetic component of bilateral rupture of the quadriceps tendon have been reported. We describe the presence of BstUI polymorphism of the COL5A1 gene in a man with bilateral rupture of the quadriceps tendon. The COL5A1 (the variant rs12722, BstUI RFLP) can be a candidate gene associated with the development of bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture.

  12. De facto methodologies toward the synthesis and scale-up production of UiO-66-type metal-organic frameworks and membrane materials. (United States)

    Hu, Zhigang; Zhao, Dan


    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are architected via coordination bonds between inorganic metal nodes and organic ligands. They have become emerging advanced porous materials and gained ever-increasing attention in the past decade. In particular, overwhelming studies have been devoted to those hydrostable MOFs which are suggested to be highly promising for industrial applications. UiO-66 is such a unique MOF because of its superior thermal/chemical stability and structural tunability. However, its repeatable, green, and scale-up synthesis remains a challenge for its commercialization and implementation in industrial applications. This perspective mainly summarises the recent development in the synthesis of UiO-66-type MOFs and their related composites. From a scale-up viewpoint, we also present some important advances in the batch and continuous reactor synthesis toward their massive production (226 references).

  13. Effect of four fluctuating temperature regimes on cui-ui Chasmistes cujus survival from egg fertilization to swim-up and size of larvae produced (United States)

    Scoppettone, G. Gar; Buettner , Mark E.; Rissler, Peter H.


    We evaluated cui-ui,Chasmistes cujus, swim-up success, time of hatching and swim-up, and size of larvae at swim-up under four fluctuating temperature regimes (8.9–15.0, 12.2–18.3, 15.0–21.1, and 17.8–23.9° C). The greatest swim-up success was at the 8.9–15.0° C regime and the lowest at the 15.0–21.1° C regime. Hatching and swim-up time varied inversely with incubation temperature. The largest (and presumably the most fit) larvae were in the 8.9–15.0° C treatment, whereas the smallest were in the 17.8–23.9° C treatment. Cui-ui appeared best adapted to the coolest of the four temperature regimes.

  14. Thin Film Nanocomposite Membrane Filled with Metal-Organic Frameworks UiO-66 and MIL-125 Nanoparticles for Water Desalination (United States)

    Kadhom, Mohammed; Hu, Weiming; Deng, Baolin


    Knowing that the world is facing a shortage of fresh water, desalination, in its different forms including reverse osmosis, represents a practical approach to produce potable water from a saline source. In this report, two kinds of Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) nanoparticles (NPs), UiO-66 (~100 nm) and MIL-125 (~100 nm), were embedded separately into thin-film composite membranes in different weight ratios, 0%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.15%, 0.2%, and 0.3%. The membranes were synthesized by the interfacial polymerization (IP) of m-phenylenediamine (MPD) in aqueous solution and trimesoyl chloride (TMC) in an organic phase. The as-prepared membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), contact angle measurement, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR) spectroscopy, and salt rejection and water flux assessments. Results showed that both UiO-66 and MIL-125 could improve the membranes’ performance and the impacts depended on the NPs loading. At the optimum NPs loadings, 0.15% for UiO-66 and 0.3% for MIL-125, the water flux increased from 62.5 L/m2 h to 74.9 and 85.0 L/m2 h, respectively. NaCl rejection was not significantly affected (UiO-66) or slightly improved (MIL-125) by embedding these NPs, always at >98.5% as tested at 2000 ppm salt concentration and 300 psi transmembrane pressure. The results from this study demonstrate that it is promising to apply MOFs NPs to enhance the TFC membrane performance for desalination. PMID:28613247

  15. Thin Film Nanocomposite Membrane Filled with Metal-Organic Frameworks UiO-66 and MIL-125 Nanoparticles for Water Desalination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Kadhom


    Full Text Available Knowing that the world is facing a shortage of fresh water, desalination, in its different forms including reverse osmosis, represents a practical approach to produce potable water from a saline source. In this report, two kinds of Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs nanoparticles (NPs, UiO-66 (~100 nm and MIL-125 (~100 nm, were embedded separately into thin-film composite membranes in different weight ratios, 0%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.15%, 0.2%, and 0.3%. The membranes were synthesized by the interfacial polymerization (IP of m-phenylenediamine (MPD in aqueous solution and trimesoyl chloride (TMC in an organic phase. The as-prepared membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM, transmission electron microscopy (TEM, contact angle measurement, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FT-IR spectroscopy, and salt rejection and water flux assessments. Results showed that both UiO-66 and MIL-125 could improve the membranes’ performance and the impacts depended on the NPs loading. At the optimum NPs loadings, 0.15% for UiO-66 and 0.3% for MIL-125, the water flux increased from 62.5 L/m2 h to 74.9 and 85.0 L/m2 h, respectively. NaCl rejection was not significantly affected (UiO-66 or slightly improved (MIL-125 by embedding these NPs, always at >98.5% as tested at 2000 ppm salt concentration and 300 psi transmembrane pressure. The results from this study demonstrate that it is promising to apply MOFs NPs to enhance the TFC membrane performance for desalination.

  16. Metal-organic framework UiO-66 coated stainless steel fiber for solid-phase microextraction of phenols in water samples. (United States)

    Shang, Hai-Bo; Yang, Cheng-Xiong; Yan, Xiu-Ping


    Effective solid-phase microextraction (SPME) of polar phenols from water samples is usually difficult due to the strong interaction between polar phenols and aqueous matrix. Here, we report the fabrication of a metal-organic framework UiO-66 coated stainless steel fiber via physical adhesion for the SPME of polar phenols (phenol, o-cresol, p-cresol, 2,6-dimethylphenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,6-dichlorophenol) in water samples before gas chromatographic separation with flame ionic detection. Headspace SPME of 10mL sample solution with the fabricated UiO-66 coated fiber gave the enhancement factors of 160 (phenol) - 3769 (2,4-dichlorophenol), and the linear ranges of 1-1000μgL(-1) (2,6-dimethylphenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,6-dichlorophenol), 1-500μgL(-1) (o-cresol and p-cresol) and 5-500μgL(-1) (phenol). The detection limits ranged from 0.11μgL(-1) (2,6-dimethylphenol) to 1.23μgL(-1) (phenol). The precision (relative standard deviations, RSDs) for six replicate determinations of the analytes at 100μgL(-1) using a single UiO-66 coated fiber ranged from 2.8% to 6.2%. The fiber-to-fiber reproducibility (RSDs) for three parallel UiO-66 coated fibers varied from 5.9% to 10%. The recoveries obtained by spiking 5μgL(-1) of the phenols in the water samples ranged from 80% to 115%.

  17. Effects of Pelletization Pressure on the Physical and Chemical Properties of the Metal-Organic Frameworks Cu3(BTC)2 and UiO-66 (United States)


    these proper- ties, UiO-66 is essentially a molecular scaffold that can be tuned depending on the application. Another promising material, CuBTC (aka...materials were crushed to compare to virgin powder; however, it is possible to make engi- neered particles via crushing and sieving operations. 2.3. PXRD...size distribution was calculated with non-local density functional theory (NLDFT) using a slit-pore carbon kernel. Total pore volume was calculated

  18. UI Programming in Scrum

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lakshmi Sridhar Movva; Satya Prasad Ravi; B Reddaiah


      Agile development methods are key to the future of flexible software systems. Scrum is one of the vanguards of the new way to manage software development when business conditions are changing. However...

  19. U.-.I,

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    by thi s theory. At least the following .... Laudan accepts the insight provided by the work o~ Kuhn and. Lakatos, viz. that, apart ..... external data are not relevant to the evaluation of mentalistic theori~s.22) ..... Bever, Thomas G. 1914. Botha ...

  20. Use of the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence-Short Form (ICIQ-UI-SF) for an objective assessment of disability determination according to the Modified Katz Scale: a prospective longitudinal study. (United States)

    Timmermans, Luc; Falez, Freddy; Melot, Christian; Higuet, Sandra; Vincent, Denis


    The aim of this study was to demonstrate that the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence-Short Form (ICIQ-UI-SF) tool can be applied for a factual score determining urinary incontinence in the Katz-6 Scale, and it is effective to identify score 2 from score 3. Functional capacity of 63 patients (14 M, 49 F aged from 70 to 99 years old) was evaluated with a Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Katz Index for Activities of Daily Living, and ICIQ-UI-SF questionnaire. Mean comparative analysis was performed. ICIQ-UI-SF scores were then entered as variables. These data observed in Katz continence item scored 2 and Katz continence item scored 3 were compared in a combined box-and-whisker and dot plot. Sensitivity and specificity of each variable were tested and results were evaluated using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The best variable (ICIQ-UI-SF Score) was retained as a breach permitting to distinguish patients to be scored 2 or 3 over continence Katz item. Statistical analysis demonstrated significant difference between the sample of Katz continence item scored 2 and the sample of Katz continence item scored 3 over the ICIQ-UI-SF Score and the Katz global Score, but the difference was not significant concerning the MMSE Score. Using ROC analysis, we compared the discriminant power of the ICIQ-UI-SF Score for continence Katz item Score. Criterion values and coordinates of the ROC curve were studied and the ICIQ-UI-SF score of 13 was considered the best one. We demonstrated that the best variable (ICIQ-UI-SF Score) to retain as a breach permitting to distinguish patients to be scored 2 or 3 over continence Katz item is 13.

  1. A natural neighbour method based on Fraeijs de Veubeke variational principle for materially non-linear problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiang Li; Serge Cescotto; Barbara Rossi


    The natural neighbour method can be considered as one of many variants of the meshless methods. In the present paper, a new approach based on the Fraeijs de Veubeke (FdV) functional, which is initially developed for linear elasticity, is extended to the case of geometrically linear but materially non-linear solids. The new approach provides an original treatment to two classical problems: the numerical evaluation of the integrals over the domain A and the enforcement of boundary conditions of the type ui = uion Su. In the absence of body forces (Fi = 0), it will be shown that the calculation of integrals of the type fA .dA can be avoided and that boundary conditions of the type ui = ui on Su can be imposed in the average sense in general and exactly if ui is linear between two contour nodes, which is obviously the case for ui = 0.

  2. Preliminary Polar Sea Trials of Nereid-UI: A Remotely Operated Underwater Vehicle for Oceanographic Access Under Ice (United States)

    Whitcomb, L. L.; Jakuba, M.; German, C. R.; Bowen, A.; Yoerger, D.; Kinsey, J. C.; Mayer, L.; McFarland, C.; Suman, S.; Bailey, J.; Judge, C.; Elliott, S.; Gomez-Ibanez, D.; Taylor, C. L.; Machado, C.; Howland, J. C.; Kaiser, C.; Heintz, M.; Pontbriand, C.; O'Hara, L.; McDonald, G.; Boetius, A.


    We report the development and deployment of a remotely-controlled underwater robotic vehicle capable of being teleoperated under ice under real-time human supervision. The Nereid Under-Ice (Nereid-UI or NUI) vehicle enables exploration and detailed examination of biological and physical environments including the ice-ocean interface in marginal ice zones, in the water column of ice-covered seas, at glacial ice-tongues, and ice-shelf margins, delivering realtime high definition video in addition to survey data from on board acoustic, optical, chemical, and biological sensors. The vehicle employs a novel lightweight fiber-optic tether that will enable it to be deployed from a ship to attain standoff distances of up to 20 km from an ice-edge boundary. We conducted NUI's first under-ice deployments during the July 2014 F/V Polarstern PS86 expedition at 86° N 6 W° in the Arctic Ocean - near the Aurora hydrothermal vent site on the Gakkel Ridge approximately 200 km NE of Greenland. We conducted 4 dives to evaluate and develop NUI's overall functioning and its individual engineered subsystems. On each dive, dead-reckoning (Ice-locked Doppler sonar and north-seeking gyrocompass) complemented by acoustic ranging provided navigation, supporting closed-loop control of heading, depth, and XY position relative to the ice. Science operations included multibeam transects of under-ice topography, precision vertical profiles for the bio-sensor suite and IR/radiance sensor suite, IR/radiance/multibeam transects at constant depth interlaced with vertical profiles and upward-looking digital still-camera surveys of the ice, including areas rich with algal material. The fiber-optic tether remained intact throughout most of all 4 dives. Consistent with the NUI concept of operations, in 3 of 4 dives the fiber-optic tether eventually failed, and the vehicle was then commanded acoustically in a series of short-duration maneuvers to return to Polarstern for recovery. These preliminary



    Méndez Rodríguez, Juan Diego


    Paciente masculino 21 años de edad, oficial depolicía, quien después de un esfuerzo físicopresentó cuadro de dolor muscular en miembrossuperiores y debilidad, asociado a pigmenturia.En el hospital se documentó elevación de creatinfosfoquinasa (CPK), en un rango de 400 000UI/l. Al completar la anamnesis, se recogió elantecedente de haber ingerido suplementonutricional con vitaminas y creatina.Se analiza la rabdomiolisis como posiblecomplicación de ejercicio físico intenso así comosus complicac...

  4. Comparison of the UI and the MFC Dialogue Box about Pro/TOOLKIT%Pro/TOOLKIT中UI和MFC对话框的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志伟; 马立强


    本文在分析Pro/E二次开发技术的基础上,对基于C语言的Pro/TOOLKIT开发接口进行了探讨.通过调用不同的对话框界面,综合比较了Pro/TOOLKIT自带的User Interface Dialog Boxes(UI)对话框和VC++的Microsoft Foundation Class(MFC)对话框各自的特点,并介绍了制作这两种对话框的步骤.

  5. Orientaciones socialmente responsables para la permanencia estudiantil en programas de educación a distancia de la Universidad Industrial de Santander-UIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Zárate-Rueda


    Full Text Available Ante las dinámicas sociales del mundo actual, la educación a distancia se ha convertido en la principal estrategia orientada al aumento de capacidades y oportunidades para alcanzar niveles óptimos de bienestar social. No obstante, a pesar de programas flexibles que facilitan la vinculación universitaria como Tecnología y Gestión Empresarial, ofertados por el Instituto de Proyección Regional y Educación a Distan - cia-IPRED de la Universidad Industrial de Santander - UIS, el número de graduados en comparación con los ingresantes no es el esperado: durante el periodo 2007-2009 se identificó un índice de abandono del 55 % y 28% respectivamente. Este estudio cuantitativo de diseño descriptivo a partir de la muestra aleatoria estratificada permite la identificación de características, patrones de conducta y actitudes, para señalar los comportamientos concretos de los desertores. Como resultado, se estableció que las motivaciones socioeconómicas de aban - dono escolar están interconectadas con otras variables, afirmando un fenómeno multicausal que orienta a la construcción de estrategias socialmente responsables de seguimiento y permanencia, en procura de su disminución, en el marco de la Responsabilidad Social de la UIS.

  6. Post-synthetic Ti Exchanged UiO-66 Metal-Organic Frameworks that Deliver Exceptional Gas Permeability in Mixed Matrix Membranes (United States)

    Smith, Stefan J. D.; Ladewig, Bradley P.; Hill, Anita J.; Lau, Cher Hon; Hill, Matthew R.


    Gas separation membranes are one of the lowest energy technologies available for the separation of carbon dioxide from flue gas. Key to handling the immense scale of this separation is maximised membrane permeability at sufficient selectivity for CO2 over N2. For the first time it is revealed that metals can be post-synthetically exchanged in MOFs to drastically enhance gas transport performance in membranes. Ti-exchanged UiO-66 MOFs have been found to triple the gas permeability without a loss in selectivity due to several effects that include increased affinity for CO2 and stronger interactions between the polymer matrix and the Ti-MOFs. As a result, it is also shown that MOFs optimized in previous works for batch-wise adsorption applications can be applied to membranes, which have lower demands on material quantities. These membranes exhibit exceptional CO2 permeability enhancement of as much as 153% when compared to the non-exchanged UiO-66 mixed-matrix controls, which places them well above the Robeson upper bound at just a 5 wt.% loading. The fact that maximum permeability enhancement occurs at such low loadings, significantly less than the optimum for other MMMs, is a major advantage in large-scale application due to the more attainable quantities of MOF needed.

  7. Correlates of 1-year incidence of urinary incontinence in older Latino adults enrolled in a community-based physical activity trial. (United States)

    Morrisroe, Shelby N; Rodriguez, Larissa V; Wang, Pin-Chieh; Smith, Ariana L; Trejo, Laura; Sarkisian, Catherine A


    The prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) among older urban Latinos is high. Insight into etiologies of and contributing factors to the development of this condition is needed. This longitudinal cohort study identified correlates of 1-year incidence of UI in older community-dwelling Latino adults participating in a senior center-based physical activity trial in Los Angeles, California. Three hundred twenty-eight Latinos aged 60 to 93 participating in Caminemos, a randomized trial to increase walking, were studied. Participants completed an in-person survey and physical performance measures at baseline and 1 year. UI was measured using the International Consultation on Incontinence item: "How often do you leak urine?" Potential correlates of 1-year incidence of UI included sociodemographic, behavioral, medical, physical, and psychosocial characteristics. The overall incidence of UI at 1 year was 17.4%. Incident UI was associated with age, baseline activity of daily living impairment, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), mean steps per day, and depressive symptoms. Multivariate logistic regression models revealed that improvement in physical performance score (odds ratio (OR) = 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.50-0.95) and high baseline physical (OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.40-0.89) and mental (OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.43-0.91) HRQoL were independently associated with lower rates of 1-year incident UI. An increase in depressive symptoms at 1 year (OR = 4.48, 95% CI = 1.02-19.68) was independently associated with a higher rate of incident UI. One-year UI incidence in this population of older urban Latino adults participating in a walking trial was high but was lower in those who improved their physical performance. Interventions aimed at improving physical performance may help prevent UI in older Latino adults.

  8. Effective, Facile, and Selective Hydrolysis of the Chemical Warfare Agent VX Using Zr6-Based Metal-Organic Frameworks. (United States)

    Moon, Su-Young; Wagner, George W; Mondloch, Joseph E; Peterson, Gregory W; DeCoste, Jared B; Hupp, Joseph T; Farha, Omar K


    The nerve agent VX is among the most toxic chemicals known to mankind, and robust solutions are needed to rapidly and selectively deactivate it. Herein, we demonstrate that three Zr6-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), namely, UiO-67, UiO-67-NH2, and UiO-67-N(Me)2, are selective and highly active catalysts for the hydrolysis of VX. Utilizing UiO-67, UiO-67-NH2, and UiO-67-N(Me)2 in a pH 10 buffered solution of N-ethylmorpholine, selective hydrolysis of the P-S bond in VX was observed. In addition, UiO-67-N(Me)2 was found to catalyze VX hydrolysis with an initial half-life of 1.8 min. This half-life is nearly 3 orders of magnitude shorter than that of the only other MOF tested to date for hydrolysis of VX and rivals the activity of the best nonenzymatic materials. Hydrolysis utilizing Zr-based MOFs is also selective and facile in the absence of pH 10 buffer (just water) and for the destruction of the toxic byproduct EA-2192.

  9. Wireless, Web-Based Interactive Control of Optical Coherence Tomography with Mobile Devices (United States)

    Mehta, Rajvi; Nankivil, Derek; Zielinski, David J.; Waterman, Gar; Keller, Brenton; Limkakeng, Alexander T.; Kopper, Regis; Izatt, Joseph A.; Kuo, Anthony N.


    Purpose Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is widely used in ophthalmology clinics and has potential for more general medical settings and remote diagnostics. In anticipation of remote applications, we developed wireless interactive control of an OCT system using mobile devices. Methods A web-based user interface (WebUI) was developed to interact with a handheld OCT system. The WebUI consisted of key OCT displays and controls ported to a webpage using HTML and JavaScript. Client–server relationships were created between the WebUI and the OCT system computer. The WebUI was accessed on a cellular phone mounted to the handheld OCT probe to wirelessly control the OCT system. Twenty subjects were imaged using the WebUI to assess the system. System latency was measured using different connection types (wireless 802.11n only, wireless to remote virtual private network [VPN], and cellular). Results Using a cellular phone, the WebUI was successfully used to capture posterior eye OCT images in all subjects. Simultaneous interactivity by a remote user on a laptop was also demonstrated. On average, use of the WebUI added only 58, 95, and 170 ms to the system latency using wireless only, wireless to VPN, and cellular connections, respectively. Qualitatively, operator usage was not affected. Conclusions Using a WebUI, we demonstrated wireless and remote control of an OCT system with mobile devices. Translational Relevance The web and open source software tools used in this project make it possible for any mobile device to potentially control an OCT system through a WebUI. This platform can be a basis for remote, teleophthalmology applications using OCT.

  10. 手机UI设计与用户使用习惯的研究%Mobile phone UI design and the user habits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    With the constant improvement of the level of economic development in our country, the mobile phone has become the necessary tools for People's Daily life, and with the development of science and technology, mobile phone performance and function also continues to evolve, gradually become intelligent and humanization. Mobile phone is not the traditional medium of information communication, and more like a mini computer terminals. In gradually understand the performance of mobile phone users and function, also have higher requirements to carry it comfortably, and the UI design interface allowing metamorphosis and visual sense is stronger, therefore, it is very important to do a good job in UI design.%随着我国经济发展水平的不断提高,手机已经成为人们日常生活当中必不可少的工具,而随着科技的发展,手机性能与功能也在不断演变,逐渐变得智能化和人性化.手机已经不是传统的信息沟通媒介,而更像是一种小型化的电脑终端.在用户逐渐了解了手机的性能与功能以后,对其携带的舒适性也有更高的要求,而UI设计界面能够使手机的画面感与视觉感更强,为此,做好UI设计是非常重要的.

  11. UIS BW environmental information system Baden-Wuerttemberg. R+D project INOVUM. Innovative environmental information systems. Phase I 2014/16; UIS BW Umweltinformationssystem Baden-Wuerttemberg. F+E-Vorhaben INOVUM. Innovative Umweltinformationssysteme. Phase I 2014/16

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weissenbach, Kurt [Ministerium fuer Umwelt, Klima und Energiewirtschaft Baden-Wuerttemberg, Stuttgart (Germany); Schillinger, Wolfgang [Landesanstalt fuer Umwelt, Messungen und Naturschutz Baden-Wuerttemberg (LUBW), Karlsruhe (Germany); Weidemann, Rainer (ed.) [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany). Inst. fuer Angewandte Informatik


    The R and D project INOVUM of the Ministry for the Environment, Climate and Energy Baden-Wuerttemberg relies on a wide cooperation with partners from government, science and industry to jointly develop governmental environmental information systems. In the focus of this project phase were, e.g. a revision of the framework concept for the Environmental Information System Baden-Wuerttemberg, service-based applications, the development of environmental portals, mobile applications and map services.

  12. Multi-Touch Collaborative Gesture Recognition Based User Interfaces as Behavioral Interventions for Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available This paper addresses UI (User Interface designing based on multi-touch collaborative gesture recognition meant for ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder - affected children. The present user interfaces (in the context of behavioral interventions for Autism Spectrum disorder are investigated in detail. Thorough comparison has been made among various groups of these UIs. Advantages and limitations of these interfaces are discussed and future directions for the design of such interfaces are suggested.

  13. Aterosclerosis subclínica y perfil metabólico en mujeres asintomáticas de edad media, con TSH ≥ 2,5 uUI/mL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa M. Pando-Álvarez


    Full Text Available El hipotiroidismo subclínico puede contribuir al desarrollo de patologías cardiovasculares y se ha demostrado que a partir de niveles de TSH >2,5uUI/mL se desarrolla disfunción endotelial. Objetivos: Determinar el grosor de la íntima media carotídea (GIMC, la presencia de placas en carótidas y el perfil metabólico en mujeres de edad media asintomáticas con TSH ≥2,5 uUI/mL y compararlas con aquellas con niveles <2,5 uUI/mL. Diseño: Estudio transversal y analítico. Lugar: Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo e Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú. Participantes: Mujeres sin historia de enfermedad tiroidea, cardiovascular o diabetes. Intervenciones: En 60 mujeres sin historia de enfermedad tiroidea, cardiovascular o diabetes, con edad promedio de 53,8 ± 5,8 años, se determinó la tirotropina (TSH, colesterol total (CT, colesterol de densidad alta (HDL, triglicéridos (Tg, glucosa (G basal y a los 120 minutos (TTGO, insulina basal (Ins-B; se calculó las fracciones de colesterol de densidad baja (LDL, el nivel de insulinorresistencia (HOMA-IR, la presión arterial, perímetro de cintura abdominal, el índice de masa corporal (IMC y el GIMC mediante ecoDoppler. Principales medidas de resultados: TSH ≥2,5 uUI/mL, perfil metabólico y su relación con GIMC. Resultados: El 38,3% presentó TSH ≥2,5 y 61,7% TSH <2,5 uUI/mL. El 56% de mujeres con TSH ≥2,5 y 65% con TSH <2,5 uUI/ml fueron hipertensas, sin diferencia estadística. El perfil lipídico, G basal, Ins-B e índice HOMA-IR fueron semejantes en ambos grupos. Se observó niveles significativamente más altos del IMC, G a los 120 minutos, el GIMC en carótida izquierda y el mayor entre ambas carótidas en las mujeres con TSH ≥2,5 uUI/mL (p=0,03, p=0,01, p=0,008 y p=0,02, respectivamente. La presencia de placas en la carótida izquierda y en al menos una de las carótidas fue significativamente más frecuente entre aquellas con


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihajlo Firak


    Full Text Available In order to combine a photovoltaic module and an electrolyzer to produce hydrogen from water, an intermediate DC/DC converter can be used to adapt output power features of the module to input power features of the electrolyzer. This can also be done without using electronics, which results in saving as much as 700 USD/kW, as previous investigation has shown. A more sophisticated investigation should be carried out with the aim of improving high system efficiency, resulting in matching the photovoltaic module maximum power point trajectory (the maximum power point path in the U-I plane as a result of solar irradiance change to the operating characteristic of the electrolyzer. This paper presents an analysis of the influences of photovoltaic module electric properties, such as series and parallel resistance and non-ideality factor, on the maximum power point trajectory at different levels of solar irradiance. The possibility of various inclinations (right - vertical - left in relation to an arbitrary chosen operating characteristic of the electrolyzer is also demonstrated. Simulated results are obtained by using Matlab/Simulink simulations of the well known one-diode model. Simulations have been confirmed with experiments on a real photovoltaic module where solar irradiance, solar cell temperature, electric current, and voltage in the circuit with variable ohmic resistance have been measured.

  15. Metal-organic framework UiO-67-coated fiber for the solid-phase microextraction of nitrobenzene compounds from water. (United States)

    Zang, Xiaohuan; Zhang, Xi; Chang, Qingyun; Li, Sen; Wang, Chun; Wang, Zhi


    A sol-gel coating technique was applied for the preparation of a solid-phase microextraction fiber by coating the metal-organic framework UiO-67 onto a stainless-steel wire. The prepared fiber was explored for the headspace solid-phase microextraction of five nitrobenzene compounds from water samples before gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection. The effects of the extraction temperature, extraction time, sample solution volume, salt addition, and desorption conditions on the extraction efficiency were optimized. Under the optimal conditions, the linearity was observed in the range of 0.015-12.0 μg/L for the compounds in water samples, with the correlation coefficients (r) of 0.9945-0.9987. The limits of detection of the method were 5.0-10.0 ng/L, and the recoveries of the analytes from spiked water samples for the method were in the range of 74.0-102.0%. The precision for the measurements, expressed as the relative standard deviation, was less than 11.9%.

  16. Literary Representations of Capitalist Dictatorship in Transcultural Adaptations of Brecht’s The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui by Ajoka Theatre in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taimur Kayani


    Full Text Available Brecht’s ‘canonical’ literary work’s indigenization in Pakistan can offer a valuable transcultural adaptation study because it was performed through a radical theatre with a distinct dramaturgy and political philosophy in two different cultural contexts and historical frame of references. As the foremost representative of Brecht’s radical dramaturgy, philosophy and literary works in Pakistan since 1983, Ajoka theatre utilized these adaptations as socio-political spaces to challenge dominant discourses on the rise of dictatorship and capitalism in Pakistan. Prior studies explored the formal elements of these adaptations of The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui(1942 : visual and aural and the intellectual content i.e. political dimension of this ‘social action theatre’ is still unexamined. This contextual reading attempts to fulfill this ‘gap’ by conducting a seminal contextual criticism on ‘literary representations’ of Pakistani pro-capitalist dictators in selected transcultural adaptations of Brecht’s work in light of new historicism and Hutcheon’s Theory of Adaptation. The article also explores how in the second phase Brecht’s social and political philosophy is reflected in Ajoka’s signature plays, Bala King (1997 and The Third Knock (1970.

  17. Effects of ammonium hydroxide on the structure and gas adsorption of nanosized Zr-MOFs (UiO-66). (United States)

    Abid, Hussein Rasool; Ang, Ha Ming; Wang, Shaobin


    Several zirconium-based metal-organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs) have been synthesized using ammonium hydroxide as an additive in the synthesis process. Their physicochemical properties have been characterized by N(2) adsorption/desorption, XRD, SEM, FTIR, and TGA, and their application in CO(2) adsorption was evaluated. It was found that addition of ammonium hydroxide produced some effects on the structure and adsorption behavior of Zr-MOFs. The pore size and pore volume of Zr-MOFs were enhanced with the additive, however, specific surface area of Zr-MOFs was reduced. Using an ammonium hydroxide additive, the crystal size of Zr-MOF was reduced with increasing amount of the additive. All the samples presented strong thermal stability. Adsorption tests showed that capacity of CO(2) adsorption on the Zr-MOFs under standard conditions was reduced due to decreased micropore fractions. However, modified Zr-MOFs had significantly lower adsorption heat. The adsorption capacity of carbon dioxide was increased at high pressure, reaching 8.63 mmol g(-1) at 987 kPa for Zr-MOF-NH(4)-2.

  18. Effects of ammonium hydroxide on the structure and gas adsorption of nanosized Zr-MOFs (UiO-66) (United States)

    Abid, Hussein Rasool; Ang, Ha Ming; Wang, Shaobin


    Several zirconium-based metal-organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs) have been synthesized using ammonium hydroxide as an additive in the synthesis process. Their physicochemical properties have been characterized by N2 adsorption/desorption, XRD, SEM, FTIR, and TGA, and their application in CO2 adsorption was evaluated. It was found that addition of ammonium hydroxide produced some effects on the structure and adsorption behavior of Zr-MOFs. The pore size and pore volume of Zr-MOFs were enhanced with the additive, however, specific surface area of Zr-MOFs was reduced. Using an ammonium hydroxide additive, the crystal size of Zr-MOF was reduced with increasing amount of the additive. All the samples presented strong thermal stability. Adsorption tests showed that capacity of CO2 adsorption on the Zr-MOFs under standard conditions was reduced due to decreased micropore fractions. However, modified Zr-MOFs had significantly lower adsorption heat. The adsorption capacity of carbon dioxide was increased at high pressure, reaching 8.63 mmol g-1 at 987 kPa for Zr-MOF-NH4-2.

  19. Metal-organic framework UiO-66 modified magnetite@silica core-shell magnetic microspheres for magnetic solid-phase extraction of domoic acid from shellfish samples. (United States)

    Zhang, Wenmin; Yan, Zhiming; Gao, Jia; Tong, Ping; Liu, Wei; Zhang, Lan


    Fe3O4@SiO2@UiO-66 core-shell magnetic microspheres were synthesized and characterized by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, vibrating sample magnetometry, nitrogen adsorption porosimetry and zeta potential analyzer. The synthesized Fe3O4@SiO2@UiO-66 microspheres were first used for magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) of domoic acid (DA) in shellfish samples. Combined with high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS), a fast, simple and sensitive method for the determination of DA was established successfully. Under the optimized conditions, the developed method showed short analysis time, good linearity (r(2) = 0.9990), low limit of detection (1.45 pg mL(-1); S/N = 3:1), low limit of quantification (4.82 pg mL(-1); S/N = 10:1), and good extraction repeatability (RSD ≤ 5.0%; n = 5). Real shellfish samples were processed using the developed method, and trace level of DA was detected. The results demonstrate that Fe3O4@SiO2@UiO-66 core-shell magnetic microspheres are the promising sorbents for rapid and efficient extraction of polar analytes from complex biological samples.

  20. UI Design for Wearable Devices


    Vítor Manuel Mota Cardoso da Silva


    Smartwatches já existem há algum tempo (ranger de 2015), mas 2015 é o ano que estes wearables vão finalmente obter o seu "boom" em termos de popularidade e crescimento. Grandes nomes da tecnologia como a Apple, Google e Samsung estão a apostar na sua própria linha de produtos como o Apple Watch, Android Wear e Tizen respetivamente (Apple Inc 2015a; 2015b Google Inc; SAMSUNG 2015). Todos estes dispositivos são dotados de ecrãs táteis muito pequenos, um número limitado de botões de hardware, di...

  1. Evaluación de resultados de la práctica en creación de empresas en los programas de pregrado de la Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aura Cecilia Pedraza Marín


    Full Text Available Desde el año 2008 el programa de Emprendimiento de la Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS guía a los estudiantes a proponer soluciones a las necesidades, los problemas y los deseos presentes en la comunidad, mediante trabajos de grado que desarrollan ideas innovadoras y generan empleo. Esta investigación, que surge de la necesidad de contar con información acerca de las debilidades, fortalezas y oportunidades de mejora de esta opción de trabajo de grado, evalúa los resultados de la implementación de la modalidad práctica en creación de empresas en los programas de pregrado de la UIS. En el estudio se identificaron los proyectos de grado de la modalidad y se caracterizaron de acuerdo con el programa académico, el sector económico y el equipo emprendedor. Los resultados muestran que algunos graduados logran desarrollar sus propias empresas y, en consecuencia, es valioso apoyar esta modalidad y seguir incentivando la cultura empresarial en la institución.

  2. Hierarchical Pore Development by Plasma Etching of Zr-Based Metal-Organic Frameworks. (United States)

    DeCoste, Jared B; Rossin, Joseph A; Peterson, Gregory W


    The typically stable Zr-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) UiO-66 and UiO-66-NH2 were treated with tetrafluoromethane (CF4 ) and hexafluoroethane (C2 F6 ) plasmas. Through interactions between fluoride radicals from the perfluoroalkane plasma and the zirconium-oxygen bonds of the MOF, the resulting materials showed the development of mesoporosity, creating a hierarchical pore structure. It is anticipated that this strategy can be used as a post-synthetic technique for developing hierarchical networks in a variety of MOFs. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. Study of Adsorption and Desorption Performances of Zr-Based Metal-Organic Frameworks Using Paper Spray Mass Spectrometry. (United States)

    Wang, Xiaoting; Chen, Ying; Zheng, Yajun; Zhang, Zhiping


    The dynamic pore systems and high surface areas of flexible metal-organic framework materials make them excellent candidates to be used in different kinds of adsorption processes. However, the adsorption and desorption behaviors of therapeutic drugs on metal-organic frameworks in solution are not fully developed. Here, we systematically investigated the adsorption and desorption behaviors of a typical therapeutic drug, verapamil, over several Zr-based metal-organic frameworks [e.g., Zr-FUM, UiO-66(Zr), UiO-66(Zr)-NH₂ and UiO-66(Zr)-2COOH] as well as ZrO₂ in an acetonitrile solution by using paper spray mass spectrometry. In contrast to other materials, UiO-66(Zr)-2COOH demonstrated a superior adsorption performance to verapamil due to their strong acid-base and/or hydrogen-bond interactions, and the adsorption process fitted well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. As verapamil-adsorbed materials were used for desorption experiments, ZrO₂ demonstrated the most favorable desorption performance, whereas UiO-66(Zr)-2COOH yielded the poorest desorption capability. These Zr-based materials had also been coated at the surface with filter papers for the analysis of various drugs and proteins in the process of paper spray mass spectrometry. The results demonstrated that among the studied materials, ZrO₂-coated paper gave the most favorable desorption performance as a pure drug solution, whereas the paper from UiO-66(Zr) demonstrated the optimal capability in the analyses of therapeutic drugs in a complex matrix (e.g., blood) and a protein (e.g., myoglobin).

  4. Interactions of NO2 with Zr-based MOF: effects of the size of organic linkers on NO2 adsorption at ambient conditions. (United States)

    Ebrahim, Amani M; Levasseur, Benoit; Bandosz, Teresa J


    Zirconium-based metal organic framework (Zr-MOF), UiO-66 and UiO-67, were synthesized and used as adsorbents of NO(2) at ambient temperatures in either dry or moist conditions. The samples were characterized before and after exposure to NO(2) by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, N(2)-adsorption at 77 K, thermal analysis, and infrared spectroscopy. The results indicate the important effect of a ligand size on the adsorption of NO(2) on Zr-MOF materials. While the large size of the 4,4-benzenebiphenyldicarboxylic acid (BDPC) ligand has a positive impact on the adsorption of NO(2) on UiO-67 in moist conditions, the opposite effect is found in dry conditions. The large pore volume of UiO-67 enhances the adsorption of moisture and formation of nitric and nitrous acids. The small pore sizes of UiO-66 favor the NO(2) removal in dry conditions via dispersive forces. Upon interaction of NO(2) molecules with the Zr-MOF in dry conditions, the bond between the organic linker and metallic oxide center is broken, leading to the formation of nitrate and nitrite species. Moreover, organic ligands also contribute to the NO(2) reactive adsorption via nitration reaction.

  5. Performance improvement in practice: managing urinary incontinence in home health patients with the use of an evidence-based guideline. (United States)

    Egnatios, Donna; Dupree, Linda; Williams, Cathy


    Urinary incontinence (UI) has a far-reaching impact on the medical, social, and psychological well-being of older adults. This article describes the steps taken to develop and implement a UI evidence-based guideline that achieved success in enhancing the Outcome and Assessment Information Set urinary outcome scores. It describes a process of putting evidence into practice, how it is related to the performance improvement process, specific barriers the authors faced in their performance improvement efforts, lessons learned, and the Home Health Compare outcomes data that ultimately proved the success of the efforts and challenges encountered after implementation.

  6. 产学学术合作对企业创新绩效的影响——桥接科学家的中介作用%Effect on R&D productivity of U-I co-publication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴云龙; 蔡虹; 向希尧


    We examine the impact of university-industry(U-I) co-publication and "bridging scientists" on the innovation performance at firm level.Through an analysis based on a sample of publication and patent data from 71 firms in Chinese organic fine chemistry,we find that the positive relationship between scientific U-I co-publication and RD productivity is fully mediated significantly by the number of corporate "bridging scientists".Results indicate that "bridging scientists" play a critical role in the commercialization of scientific research,and significantly influence firms' ability to derive returns from investment in science.%通过对71家代表性企业的论文和专利数据的分析,我们发现在中国有机精细化学这个较为传统的产业内,产学学术合作对企业创新绩效仍然具有显著的促进作用,大学—企业论文合作每增加一个单位,企业R&D产出增加0.6%。此外,这种正向关系受到来自桥接科学家的显著的中介效应。桥接学科学家拥有高度异质性的知识结构、人力资本和关系结构,可以像一座桥那样跨越基础科学与技术创新之间的鸿沟,促使企业从学术界获取并应用隐性的前沿科学信息以实现技术创新。

  7. A Knowledge Representation Model for Video—Based Animation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    劳志强; 潘云鹤


    In this paper,a brief survey on knowledge-based animation techniques is given.Then a VideoStream-based Knowledge Representation Model(VSKRM)for Joint Objects is presented which includes the knowledge representation of :Graphic Object,Action and VideoStream.Next a general description of the UI framework of a system is given based on the VSKRM model.Finally,a conclusion is reached.

  8. The water-based synthesis of chemically stable Zr-based MOFs using pyridine-containing ligands and their exceptionally high adsorption capacity for iodine. (United States)

    Wang, Zhe; Huang, Ying; Yang, Jian; Li, Yongsheng; Zhuang, Qixin; Gu, Jinlou


    The primary pollutant, radioactive iodine (I2), has become a worldwide concern due to its serious ill effects of radiotoxicity on human health. Therefore, it is of great significance to develop novel adsorbents for effectively eliminating I2 from nuclear waste. Herein, we reported a Zr-based MOF adsorbent constructed by utilizing pyridine-containing pyridine-dicarboxylic acid (PYDC) as organic ligands (UiO-66-PYDC) as well as active sites for the efficient removal of I2. UiO-66-PYDC MOFs were synthesized by a hydrothermal strategy and featured good chemical and thermal stabilities, endowing them with the ability to work in harsh environments. The abundant and inherent pyridine moieties in the developed adsorbent worked as active adsorption sites to capture I2. The correlation between the most significant parameters such as the contact time, adsorbate concentration, and reusability was optimized, and the interaction mechanism between I2 and UiO-66-PYDC was investigated in detail. As for the current adsorbent, a pseudo-second order rate equation was used to explain the removal kinetics, and the Langmuir model exhibited a better fit to the adsorption isotherm than the Freundlich model. Thanks to the strong affinity of PYDC ligands to I2 and high porosity, the adsorption capacities of UiO-66-PYDC for I2 could reach as high as 1250 mg g(-1), which was much higher than those of many other reported MOFs. Additionally, the UiO-66-PYDC MOFs exhibited excellent renewable adsorption properties, prefiguring their great promise as green adsorbents for I2 removal in nuclear waste management.

  9. jQuery Tools UI Library

    CERN Document Server

    Libby, Alex


    A practical tutorial with powerful yet simple projects that are quick to implement. This book is aimed at developers who have prior jQuery knowledge, but may not have any prior experience with jQuery Tools. It is possible that they may have started with the basics of jQuery Tools, but want to learn more about how it can be used, as well as get ideas for future projects.

  10. Teaching Arturo Ui: Triumph of Whose Will? (United States)

    Rhiel, Mary


    Describes a unit on teaching Brecht in an introductory literature course, and suggests that students are better able to read and discuss Brecht's Hitler play if they first view and discuss Leni Riefenstahl's film Triumph of the Will. Guidelines are provided on how best to present and explore the two works with students. (LET)

  11. bukar-kolo, ym,*1 ibrahim, ui

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Veterinary Service Division, Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria ... In a survey of major constraints limiting commercial poultry production in ... of factors such as disease conditions and management problems (Ambali and Ibrahim,. 1996 ... greatest affecting livestock and [poultry ... quality of poultry feed in the Nigerian markets.

  12. Ontology-based application integration

    CERN Document Server

    Paulheim, Heiko


    Ontology-based Application Integration introduces UI-level (User Interface Level) application integration and discusses current problems which can be remedied by using ontologies. It shows a novel approach for applying ontologies in system integration. While ontologies have been used for integration of IT systems on the database and on the business logic layer, integration on the user interface layer is a novel field of research. This book also discusses how end users, not only developers, can benefit from semantic technologies. Ontology-based Application Integration presents the development o

  13. Estimating the long-term effects of in vitro fertilization in Greece: an analysis based on a lifetime-investment model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fragoulakis V


    Full Text Available Vassilis Fragoulakis, Nikolaos ManiadakisNational School of Public Health, Department of Health Services Management, Athens, GreeceObjective: To quantify the economic effects of a child conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF in terms of net tax revenue from the state's perspective in Greece.Methods: Based on previous international experience, a mathematical model was developed to assess the lifetime productivity of a single individual and his/her lifetime transactions with governmental agencies. The model distinguished among three periods in the economic life cycle of an individual: (1 early life, when the government primarily contributes resources through child tax credits, health care, and educational expenses; (2 employment, when individuals begin returning resources through taxes; and (3 retirement, when the government expends additional resources on pensions and health care. The cost of a live birth with IVF was based on the modification of a previously published model developed by the authors. All outcomes were discounted at a 3% discount rate. The data inputs – namely, the economic or demographic variables – were derived from the National Statistical Secretariat of Greece and other relevant sources. To deal with uncertainty, bias-corrected uncertainty intervals (UIs were calculated based on 5000 Monte Carlo simulations. In addition, to examine the robustness of our results, other one-way sensitivity analyses were also employed.Results: The cost of IVF per birth was estimated at €17,015 (95% UI: €13,932–€20,200. The average projected income generated by an individual throughout his/her productive life was €258,070 (95% UI: €185,376–€339,831. In addition, his/her life tax contribution was estimated at €133,947 (95% UI: €100,126–€177,375, while the discounted governmental expenses for elderly and underage individuals were €67,624 (95% UI: €55,211–€83,930. Hence, the net present value of IVF was €60

  14. Development Based on CEGUI of Game Graphic User Interface%基于CEGUI的游戏图形用户界面的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    We study CEGUI system framework, resource management, UI creation, Lua application, and Use CEGUI to develop graphical user interface on DirectX-based 3D game.%研究了CEGUI系统框架、资源管理方案、UI创建方法、Lua脚本应用。在基于DirectX的3D游戏开发过程中,运用CEGUI开发了游戏的图形用户界面。

  15. Highly sensitive photoelectrochemical biosensor for kinase activity detection and inhibition based on the surface defect recognition and multiple signal amplification of metal-organic frameworks. (United States)

    Wang, Zonghua; Yan, Zhiyong; Wang, Feng; Cai, Jibao; Guo, Lei; Su, Jiakun; Liu, Yang


    A turn-on photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor based on the surface defect recognition and multiple signal amplification of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) was proposed for highly sensitive protein kinase activity analysis and inhibitor evaluation. In this strategy, based on the phosphorylation reaction in the presence of protein kinase A (PKA), the Zr-based metal-organic frameworks (UiO-66) accommodated with [Ru(bpy)3](2+) photoactive dyes in the pores were linked to the phosphorylated kemptide modified TiO2/ITO electrode through the chelation between the Zr(4+) defects on the surface of UiO-66 and the phosphate groups in kemptide. Under visible light irradiation, the excited electrons from [Ru(bpy)3](2+) adsorbed in the pores of UiO-66 injected into the TiO2 conduction band to generate photocurrent, which could be utilized for protein kinase activities detection. The large surface area and high porosities of UiO-66 facilitated a large number of [Ru(bpy)3](2+) that increased the photocurrent significantly, and afforded a highly sensitive PEC analysis of kinase activity. The detection limit of the as-proposed PEC biosensor was 0.0049UmL(-1) (S/N!=!3). The biosensor was also applied for quantitative kinase inhibitor evaluation and PKA activities detection in MCF-7 cell lysates. The developed visible-light PEC biosensor provides a simple detection procedure and a cost-effective manner for PKA activity assays, and shows great potential in clinical diagnosis and drug discoveries. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Implementation of a Test Data Generator based on DSL Files

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available In software testing process, test data generation represents an important step for high quality software, even for mobile devices. As proposed in previous works, a potential source for random data generation is represented by the UI layout files that are used for almost all mobile platforms (Android, iOS, Windows Phone/Mobile. This paper continues the previous work and presents a test data generation system based on Android layout files. The test data generator uses DSL files as input and generates test data that conform to several testing principles. The generated test data could be stored in XML files or any format required by the testing frameworks.

  17. Tailor-Made Stable Zr(IV)-Based Metal-Organic Frameworks for Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Small Molecules and Simultaneous Enrichment of Phosphopeptides. (United States)

    Chen, Lianfang; Ou, Junjie; Wang, Hongwei; Liu, Zhongshan; Ye, Mingliang; Zou, Hanfa


    Although thousands of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been fabricated and widely applied in gas storage/separations, adsorption, catalysis, and so on, few kinds of MOFs have been used as adsorption materials while simultaneously serving as matrixes to analyze small molecules for laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (LDI-MS). Herein, a new concept is introduced to design and synthesize MOFs as both adsorption materials and matrixes according to the structure of ligands and common matrixes. The proof of concept design was demonstrated by selection of 2,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid (PDC) and 2,5-dihydroxyterephthalic acid (DHT) as ligands for synthesis of MOFs. Two Zr(IV)-based MOFs of UiO-66-PDC and UiO-66-(OH)2 were synthesized and applied for the first time as new matrixes for analysis of small molecules by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Both of them showed low matrix interferences, high ionization efficiency, and good reproducibility when used as matrixes. A variety of small molecules, including saccharides, amino acids, nucleosides, peptides, alkaline drugs, and natural products, were analyzed. In addition, UiO-66-(OH)2 exhibited potential for application in the quantitative determination of glucose and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. Furthermore, thanks to its intrinsically large surface area and highly ordered pores, UiO-66-(OH)2 also showed sensitive and specific enrichment of phosphopeptides prior to MS analysis. These results demonstrated that this strategy can be used to efficiently screen tailor-made MOFs as matrixes to analyze small molecules by MALDI-TOF-MS.

  18. Ui, que nojo! Tem mais é que fechar esse valetão! Um estudo com o conceito deleuzeano de devir Ew, how disgusting! We must close this sewer channel: a study with the deleuzean becoming concept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vandamir Palmeiro


    Full Text Available Este artigo relata o processo de investigação para a construção e aplicação de um conjunto de atividades relacionadas à temática água, em um Colégio de Curitiba. Os atores desta investigação são estudantes do Ensino Médio que moram e estudam perto de um curso d'água conhecido como Valetão da Rua Henry Ford. Discutimos, a partir do conceito deleuzeano de devir, o interesse/desinteresse instituídos sobre este valetão, com o objetivo de infectar, dissolver, desconstruir o que foi apagado nas vidas desses estudantes, moradores da comunidade e promover a mobilização para a revitalização do que é de fato, um rio, o rio Pinheirinho.This paper reports the investigation process to build and test a group of activities related to water in a Curitiba High School. The subjects of this study are High School Students who live and study close to a body of water known locally as Sewer channel of Henry Ford street. Based on the deleuzean concept of becoming we discussed the students' interests / disinterests in this body of water. The objective was to infect, dissolve, demolish what was removed from the lives of the students and inhabitants of the community and promote the mobilization to revitalize what is in fact a river, the Pinheirinho river.

  19. Mobile Design Pattern Gallery UI Patterns for Mobile Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Neil, Theresa


    When you're under pressure to produce a well designed, easy-to-navigate mobile app, there's no time to reinvent the wheel. This concise book provides a handy reference to 70 mobile app design patterns, illustrated by more than 400 screenshots from current iOS, Android, BlackBerry, WebOS, Windows Mobile, and Symbian apps. User experience professional Theresa Neil (Designing Web Interfaces) walks you through design patterns in 10 separate categories, including anti-patterns. Whether you're designing a simple iPhone application or one that's meant to work for every popular mobile OS on the mark

  20. 在应用中嵌入Flex UI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bruce; EckeI; 田佳伟(译)



  1. Aras Ui Dhomhnaill Nursing Home, Loughnakey, Milford, Donegal.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Thomas, Arun Z


    To examine the magnitude of potentially avoidable iatrogenic complications of male urethral catheterization (UC) within a tertiary-care supra-regional teaching hospital, and to evaluate risk factors and subjective feeling of interns in our institution on the adequacy of training on UC.

  2. 'Ui is een puzzel met 150 duizend stukjes'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smulders, M.J.M.


    Om zeer grote genomen in kaart te kunnen brengen, moeten eerst fundamentele vragen worden opgelost. Zonder hulp van de overheid komen die antwoord er niet, zegt René Smulders. Terwijl grondige sequencing veredeling aantoonbaar versnelt.

  3. General Methodology for developing UML models from UI

    CERN Document Server

    Reddy, Ch Ram Mohan; Srinivasa, K G; Kumar, T V Suresh; Kanth, K Rajani


    In recent past every discipline and every industry have their own methods of developing products. It may be software development, mechanics, construction, psychology and so on. These demarcations work fine as long as the requirements are within one discipline. However, if the project extends over several disciplines, interfaces have to be created and coordinated between the methods of these disciplines. Performance is an important quality aspect of Web Services because of their distributed nature. Predicting the performance of web services during early stages of software development is significant. In Industry, Prototype of these applications is developed during analysis phase of Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). However, Performance models are generated from UML models. Methodologies for predicting the performance from UML models is available. Hence, In this paper, a methodology for developing Use Case model and Activity model from User Interface is presented. The methodology is illustrated with a case...

  4. The Effect of Receiving Supplementary UI Benefits on Unemployment Duration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyyrä, Tomi; Parrotta, Pierpaolo; Rosholm, Michael

    We consider the consequences of working part-time on supplemen­tary unemployment insurance beneits in the Danish labour market. Following the "timing-of-events" approach we estimate causal effects of subsidized part-time work on the hazard rate out of unemployment insurance beneit receipt. We find...

  5. UI researchers celebrate latest milestone in construction of atom smasher

    CERN Multimedia


    University of Iowa researchers joined their U.S. and international colleagues Dec. 19 in celebrating a major construction mile-stone that brings them one step closer to the completion of the most powerful device ever designed to search for the basic build-ing blocks of matter.

  6. UI researchers celebrate latest milestone in construction of atom smasher

    CERN Multimedia


    "University of Iowa researchers joined their U.S. and international colleagues De. 19 in celebrating a major construction mile-stone that brings them one step closer to the completion of the most powerful device ever designed to search for the basic build-ing blocks of matter." (1/2 page)

  7. The effect of receiving supplementary UI benefits on unemployment duration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomi, Kyyrä,; Pierpaolo, Parrotta,; Rosholm, Michael


    We consider the consequences of working part-time and receiving supplementary benefits for part-time unemployment in the Danish labor market. Following the timing-of-events approach we estimate causal effects of part-time work with supplementary benefits on the hazard rate out of unemployment...... insurance benefit receipt. We find evidence of a negative in-treatment effect and a positive post-treatment effect, both of which vary across different groups of individuals. The resulting net effect on the expected unemployment duration is positive for some groups (e.g. married women) and negative...

  8. Image processing and applications based on visualizing navigation service (United States)

    Hwang, Chyi-Wen


    When facing the "overabundant" of semantic web information, in this paper, the researcher proposes the hierarchical classification and visualizing RIA (Rich Internet Application) navigation system: Concept Map (CM) + Semantic Structure (SS) + the Knowledge on Demand (KOD) service. The aim of the Multimedia processing and empirical applications testing, was to investigating the utility and usability of this visualizing navigation strategy in web communication design, into whether it enables the user to retrieve and construct their personal knowledge or not. Furthermore, based on the segment markets theory in the Marketing model, to propose a User Interface (UI) classification strategy and formulate a set of hypermedia design principles for further UI strategy and e-learning resources in semantic web communication. These research findings: (1) Irrespective of whether the simple declarative knowledge or the complex declarative knowledge model is used, the "CM + SS + KOD navigation system" has a better cognition effect than the "Non CM + SS + KOD navigation system". However, for the" No web design experience user", the navigation system does not have an obvious cognition effect. (2) The essential of classification in semantic web communication design: Different groups of user have a diversity of preference needs and different cognitive styles in the CM + SS + KOD navigation system.

  9. Design and implementation of a cloud based lithography illumination pupil processing application (United States)

    Zhang, Youbao; Ma, Xinghua; Zhu, Jing; Zhang, Fang; Huang, Huijie


    Pupil parameters are important parameters to evaluate the quality of lithography illumination system. In this paper, a cloud based full-featured pupil processing application is implemented. A web browser is used for the UI (User Interface), the websocket protocol and JSON format are used for the communication between the client and the server, and the computing part is implemented in the server side, where the application integrated a variety of high quality professional libraries, such as image processing libraries libvips and ImageMagic, automatic reporting system latex, etc., to support the program. The cloud based framework takes advantage of server's superior computing power and rich software collections, and the program could run anywhere there is a modern browser due to its web UI design. Compared to the traditional way of software operation model: purchased, licensed, shipped, downloaded, installed, maintained, and upgraded, the new cloud based approach, which is no installation, easy to use and maintenance, opens up a new way. Cloud based application probably is the future of the software development.

  10. Elderly Healthcare Monitoring Using an Avatar-Based 3D Virtual Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matti Pouke


    Full Text Available Homecare systems for elderly people are becoming increasingly important due to both economic reasons as well as patients’ preferences. Sensor-based surveillance technologies are an expected future trend, but research so far has devoted little attention to the User Interface (UI design of such systems and the user-centric design approach. In this paper, we explore the possibilities of an avatar-based 3D visualization system, which exploits wearable sensors and human activity simulations. We present a technical prototype and the evaluation of alternative concept designs for UIs based on a 3D virtual world. The evaluation was conducted with homecare providers through focus groups and an online survey. Our results show firstly that systems taking advantage of 3D virtual world visualization techniques have potential especially due to the privacy preserving and simplified information presentation style, and secondly that simple representations and glancability should be emphasized in the design. The identified key use cases highlight that avatar-based 3D presentations can be helpful if they provide an overview as well as details on demand.

  11. A Needs-Based Curriculum Review for Diploma in Pharmacy Programme at a Malaysian University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Long CM, Lee WL, Iylia RR & Aishah A


    Full Text Available Programmed, systematic and structured curriculum review isessential to ensure quality professional education. Curriculumevaluation enables the institution to validate the compliance ofdidactic and experiential strategies with the current needs andfuture demand of the profession. The four conceptions ofcurriculum as highlighted by Ewell namely designedcurriculum, expectational curriculum, delivered curriculumand the experienced curriculum must be evaluated for aneffective curriculum review [1]. Involvement of stakeholders incurriculum review is essential.In Malaysia, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM is the onlypublic sector university together with 19 private collegesoffering a three year (six-semester Diploma in Pharmacyaccredited by Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA[2]. Theprogram was first started in 1996. The construct of first twoyears is didactic and laboratory practical based. However, inthe final year (3rd year students are exposed to theexperiential hospital based training and research projects.Faculty of Pharmacy, UiTM reviews the curriculum every threeyears. In an attempt to develop a “Needs Based” curriculum across sectional survey was undertaken to assess knowledgeand skills required to become a competent Pharmacy assistant.Structured validated questionnaires were mailed torandomly chosen 8 hospitals across Malaysia along with adetailed cover letter explaining the purpose of the study. Thesample consisted of pharmacists and pharmacy assistants whowere willing to participate in the study.

  12. In Situ Probes of Capture and Decomposition of Chemical Warfare Agent Simulants by Zr-Based Metal Organic Frameworks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plonka, Anna M.; Wang, Qi; Gordon, Wesley O.; Balboa, Alex; Troya, Diego; Guo, Weiwei; Sharp, Conor H.; Senanayake, Sanjaya D.; Morris, John R.; Hill, Craig L.; Frenkel, Anatoly I. (BNL); (Virginia Tech); (ECBC); (Emory); (SBU)


    Zr-based metal organic frameworks (MOFs) have been recently shown to be among the fastest catalysts of nerve-agent hydrolysis in solution. We report a detailed study of the adsorption and decomposition of a nerve-agent simulant, dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP), on UiO-66, UiO-67, MOF-808, and NU-1000 using synchrotron-based X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray absorption, and infrared spectroscopy, which reveals key aspects of the reaction mechanism. The diffraction measurements indicate that all four MOFs adsorb DMMP (introduced at atmospheric pressures through a flow of helium or air) within the pore space. In addition, the combination of X-ray absorption and infrared spectra suggests direct coordination of DMMP to the Zr6 cores of all MOFs, which ultimately leads to decomposition to phosphonate products. These experimental probes into the mechanism of adsorption and decomposition of chemical warfare agent simulants on Zr-based MOFs open new opportunities in rational design of new and superior decontamination materials.

  13. Iodine status of young Burkinabe children receiving small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements and iodised salt: a cluster-randomised trial. (United States)

    Hess, Sonja Y; Abbeddou, Souheila; Yakes Jimenez, Elizabeth; Ouédraogo, Jean-Bosco; Brown, Kenneth H


    The objective of the present study was to assess the impact of providing small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) on the I status of young Burkinabe children. In total, thirty-four communities were assigned to intervention (IC) or non-intervention cohorts (NIC). IC children were randomly assigned to receive 20 g lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)/d containing 90 µg I with 0 or 10 mg Zn from 9 to 18 months of age, and NIC children received no SQ-LNS. All the children were exposed to iodised salt through the national salt iodization programme. Spot urinary iodine (UI), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and total thyroxine (T4) in dried blood spots as well as plasma thyroglobulin (Tg) concentrations were assessed at 9 and 18 months of age among 123 IC and fifty-six NIC children. At baseline and at 18 months, UI, TSH and T4 did not differ between cohorts. Tg concentration was higher in the NIC v. IC at baseline, but this difference did not persist at 18 months of age. In both cohorts combined, the geometric mean of UI was 339·2 (95% CI 298·6, 385·2) µg/l, TSH 0·8 (95% CI 0·7, 0·8) mU/l, T4 118 (95 % CI 114, 122) nmol/l and Tg 26·0 (95% CI 24·3, 27·7) µg/l at 18 months of age. None of the children had elevated TSH at 18 months of age. Marginally more children in NIC (8·9%) had low T4 (15 ppm). A reduction of SQ-LNS I content could be considered in settings with similarly successful salt iodisation programmes.

  14. A superstructure-based electrochemical assay for signal-amplified detection of DNA methyltransferase activity. (United States)

    Zhang, Hui; Yang, Yin; Dong, Huilei; Cai, Chenxin


    DNA methyltransferase (MTase) activity is highly correlated with the occurrence and development of cancer. This work reports a superstructure-based electrochemical assay for signal-amplified detection of DNA MTase activity using M.SssI as an example. First, low-density coverage of DNA duplexes on the surface of the gold electrode was achieved by immobilized mercaptohexanol, followed by immobilization of DNA duplexes. The duplex can be cleaved by BstUI endonuclease in the absence of DNA superstructures. However, the cleavage is blocked after the DNA is methylated by M.SssI. The DNA superstructures are formed with the addition of helper DNA. By using an electroactive complex, RuHex, which can bind to DNA double strands, the activity of M.SssI can be quantitatively detected by differential pulse voltammetry. Due to the high site-specific cleavage by BstUI and signal amplification by the DNA superstructure, the biosensor can achieve ultrasensitive detection of DNA MTase activity down to 0.025U/mL. The method can be used for evaluation and screening of the inhibitors of MTase, and thus has potential in the discovery of methylation-related anticancer drugs.

  15. A Hybrid Tool for User Interface Modeling and Prototyping (United States)

    Trætteberg, Hallvard

    Although many methods have been proposed, model-based development methods have only to some extent been adopted for UI design. In particular, they are not easy to combine with user-centered design methods. In this paper, we present a hybrid UI modeling and GUI prototyping tool, which is designed to fit better with IS development and UI design traditions. The tool includes a diagram editor for domain and UI models and an execution engine that integrates UI behavior, live UI components and sample data. Thus, both model-based user interface design and prototyping-based iterative design are supported

  16. Base

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulmand, Lise-Lotte; Johansson, Christer


    BASE - Engelsk basisgrammatik er resultatet af Lise-Lotte Hjulmands grundige bearbejdning og omfattende revidering af Christer Johanssons Engelska basgrammatik. Grammatikken adskiller sig fra det svenske forlæg på en lang række punkter. Den er bl.a. tilpasset til et dansk publikum og det danske...

  17. Adsorption Behavior of High Stable Zr-Based MOFs for the Removal of Acid Organic Dye from Water

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ke-Deng Zhang


    Full Text Available Zirconium based metal organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs have become popular in engineering studies due to their high mechanical stability, thermostability and chemical stability. In our work, by using a theoretical kinetic adsorption isotherm, we can exert MOFs to an acid dye adsorption process, experimentally exploring the adsorption of MOFs, their external behavior and internal mechanism. The results indicate their spontaneous and endothermic nature, and the maximum adsorption capacity of this material for acid orange 7 (AO7 could be up to 358 mg·g−1 at 318 K, estimated by the Langmuir isotherm model. This is ascribed to the presence of an open active metal site that significantly intensified the adsorption, by majorly increasing the interaction strength with the adsorbates. Additionally, the enhanced π delocalization and suitable pore size of UiO-66 gave rise to the highest host–guest interaction, which further improves both the adsorption capacity and separation selectivity at low concentrations. Furthermore, the stability of UiO-66 was actually verified for the first time, through comparing the structure of the samples before and after adsorption mainly by Powder X-ray diffraction and thermal gravimetric analysis.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海攀; 吴毅坚; 赵文耘


    Thanks to the technique of automated testing, test engineers can be free from time-consuming, repetitive manual test by writing automation test scripts.However, when the UI of GUI-based applications or Web applications evolved, the test engineers have to check and repair the failing test scripts which interact with applications by performing actions on their UI element.In this paper, we propose a requirement traceability-based test script repair method which helps to trace the influence scope of the evolution of UI elements.We analyse the common types of UI evolution in Web applications that are prone to cause test script failure, meanwhile we propose the QTP software test script repair rules for each type under the model framework.Based on that we develop an automatic repair tool for failing scripts, and conduct a case study to demonstrate the feasibility of our approach.%自动化测试技术通过测试脚本使测试人员无需重复耗时乏味的手工黑盒测试。然而随着软件界面的演化,通常会导致基于界面元素的测试脚本失效,测试人员不得不手工检测和修复失效的脚本。提出一种基于需求追踪的测试脚本修复方法,辅助追踪界面元素的演化的影响范围。分析Web应用中常见的容易导致测试脚本失效的界面元素演化类型,针对每种类型给出在模型框架下QTP软件测试脚本修复规则。在此基础上,开发了一个自动修复失效脚本工具,通过一个案例,展示了该方法的可行性。

  19. 基于专利计量的校企技术合作模式与规律研究%Study on the Pattern,Regularity in University-Industry Technical Collaboration Based on Patent Bibliometrics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    In recent years, University-Industry ( UI) collaboration has played a growing important role in the aspects oi enhancing innovation strength, speeding up patent transiorination, propelling economic development, as well as aroused widespread concern from aU circles. Based on co-inventive patent bibliometrics, this study reveals the present situation of UI collaboration in China and analyses its laws and patterns. Through the statistics of co-inventive patents, it is found that UI collaboration in China is still staying at the low-level with few participants. But it has confronted a good opportunity for development since 2006 and will be enhanced greatly in the future. Some active and influential units, such as Tsinghua University, Huawei Technologies and so on, have been detected through UI collaboration network analysis. It is also found that the UI collaboration has uneven distribution in different regions and presents obvious geographical orientation. Those findings can not only intuitively demonstrate the status and trend of UI collaboration in China but also provide quantitative reterence for the government,education and industry sectors.%近年来,校企合作在提高创新能力、加快成果转化、推动经济发展方面的功能日益显著,引起了社会各界的广泛关注.本文借助于校企联合申请专利情况的计量研究,对我国大陆地区高校和企业之间的技术合作现状及其所呈现出的模式与规律特征进行定量化的揭示和分析.通过校企合作专利分布规律研究,发现我国校企合作起步较晚、程度较低、基础薄弱,但自2006年以来呈现出良好的发展势头;通过校企合作网络研究,找出了清华大学、华为技术有限公司等一批具有较高活跃性与影响力的单位,并且发现校企合作关系及强度存在着区域分布不均衡问题和显著的地域倾向.以上研究发现有助于我们更好地认识和把握我国校企合作的发展现状、规

  20. A MoS2 Nanosheet-Based Fluorescence Biosensor for Simple and Quantitative Analysis of DNA Methylation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Xiao


    Full Text Available MoS2 nanomaterial has unique properties, including innate affinity with ss-DNA and quenching ability for fluorescence dyes. Here, we present the development of a simple fluorescence biosensor based on water-soluble MoS2 nanosheets and restriction endonuclease BstUI for methylation analysis of p16 promoter. The biosensing platform exhibited excellent sensitivity in detecting DNA with a linear range of 100 pM~20 nM and a detection limit of 140 pM. More importantly, our method could distinguish as low as 1% difference in methylation level. Compared with previous methylation analysis, our design is both time saving and simple to operate, avoiding the limitations of PCR-based assays without compromising performance.

  1. Towards a Component Model for Web-based Service Composition%一种基于Web的服务组装构件模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵祺; 黄罡; 刘儇哲; 黄冀渝


    The web-based service composition is becoming a popular composition style in Service Oriented Computing. Many existing work proposed encapsulating service business logic and User Interface (UI) into a single web-based service component and assembling these components in web-based environment. However,these component models are yet limited in terms of reusability, especially for component qualification, adap-tation and composite structure support. This paper proposes a component model for web-based service compo-sition. Firstly, we present a well-structured component model that decouples the UI and service business log-ic for better adaptation. Secondly, developers are able to assemble components not only at business logic lev-el but also at UI level. The component model supports on-the-fly composition, which provides a quick and effective feedback way for qualification, and also supports the composition result to be published as a new component for further reuse.%基于web的服务组装正成为一种流行的组装风格.许多已有的工作提出将服务业务逻辑和用户界面封装为一个基于web的服务构件,并在基于web的环境中组装这些构件.这些构件模型在复用,尤其是构件验证、适配以及复合构件的支持方面仍存在许多局限.提出一种新型构件模型以支持基于web的服务组装.首先,该构件模型将用户界面和服务业务逻辑分离以获得更好的适配性;其次,开发人员不仅可以在业务逻辑的层次组装这些构件,还可以在用户界面的层次进行组装.该构件模型支持实时组装以实现及时、有效的验证和适配,同时还支持将组装结果发布为一个新的可复用的服务构件.

  2. Classifying eating disorders based on "healthy" and "unhealthy" perfectionism and impulsivity. (United States)

    Slof-Op't Landt, Margarita C T; Claes, Laurence; van Furth, Eric F


    Perfectionism and impulsivity are associated with eating disorders (EDs). The current study examines whether clinically relevant subgroups of women with EDs can be identified based on "healthy" and "unhealthy" perfectionism and impulsivity. Latent profile analyses (LPA) were performed on data of 844 patients (DSM-IV diagnosis: 381 anorexia nervosa, 146 bulimia nervosa, 56 binge-eating disorder, 261 ED not otherwise specified). "Healthy" and "unhealthy" forms of perfectionism and impulsivity were assessed by the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale and the Dickman Impulsivity Inventory, respectively. The Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire was completed to assess ED psychopathology. Furthermore, in 229 patients additional ED symptoms, depression, self-esteem, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and personality features were assessed. The LPA revealed four profiles; 1. "Healthy Impulsivity" (HI; n = 191), 2. "Unhealthy Impulsivity" (UI; n = 238), 3. "Healthy and Unhealthy Perfectionism" (HP + UP; n = 153), 4. "Healthy Perfectionism" (HP; n = 262). Patients belonging to the "HP + UP" and the "UI" classes reported higher levels of ED psychopathology. More severe comorbid symptoms (depressive, obsessive-compulsive and self-esteem) were found in the patients belonging to the "HP + UP" class. Patients from the "HP + UP" and "HP" classes had higher scores for the personality features Harm Avoidance, Persistence and Cooperativeness. Women with EDs could be meaningfully grouped according to perfectionism and impulsivity. These findings can be used to improve treatment matching and intervention strategies. The use of dimensional features, like perfectionism and impulsivity, in ED research, may enable the identification of fundamental underlying mechanisms and provide more insight into potential mechanisms that may drive or maintain disordered eating. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2016; 49:673-680). © 2016 Wiley

  3. Do Alternative Base Periods Increase Unemployment Insurance Receipt among Low-Educated Unemployed Workers? National Poverty Center Working Paper Series #12-19 (United States)

    Gould-Werth, Alix; Shaefer, H. Luke


    Unemployment Insurance (UI) is the major social insurance program that protects against lost earnings resulting from involuntary unemployment. Existing literature finds that low-earning unemployed workers experience difficulty accessing UI benefits. The most prominent policy reform designed to increase rates of monetary eligibility, and thus UI…

  4. Characteristics of debris floW and the controlling measUrement in the northern QingshUi gUlly in WenchUan CoUnty%汶川县清水沟北侧高位泥石流暴发特征及防治措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰昌义; 赵昌坤


    Based on the field investigation and characteristic analysis for the debris flow in the northern Qingshui gully,we think that in heavy rain season,loose deposit landslide and drag groove will form debris flow with a high-er position due to the large scale landslide. The debris flow will pile up in the middle and low channel and form a dam. The dam may collapse in heavy rain and the amount of debris flow may be multiplied times in the middle and lower reaches of the channel. According to the debris flow characteristics and in order to deal with the disastrous debris flow,two check dams and a length of row guide groove should be built to ensure the traffic safety of a high way. The measurement of drain and guide ditch can reduce the destroy effect of a debris flow.%通过对清水沟北侧泥石流的现场调查分析,得出该地暴发大规模泥石流主要是由于沟源大型滑坡产生的固体物源在雨水作用下形成的高位泥石流,在通过沟道卡口时形成堵溃,泥石流冲出量成倍放大,最后堆积于沟道中下游,在后期暴雨作用下,松散泥石流堆积体作为物源继续拉槽形成泥石流。针对这种泥石流暴发特征提出治理方案:在相邻清水沟出口处修建两道谷坊坝和一段排导槽,对该处泥石流沟采取排导的应对措施。

  5. Correlates of urinary incontinence in pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvidman, Lone; Foldspang, Anders; Mommsen, S.


    for the nulliparous and the primiparous, respectively. The present data suggest pregnancy UI not to be provoked by the mere onset of pregnancy, but by increasing hormonal concentrations or local tissue changes caused by hormones, whereas there was no support for a theory based on increasing pressure on the bladder......In a population sample, the period prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) during pregnancy was found to be 19.9% and 24.1% among 352 nulliparous and 290 primiparous women, respectively. The first UI episode ever was experienced by 16.7% and 7.0% during the two last trimesters of the first...... and second pregnancies, respectively. None of the pregnancy-specific risk factors, such as emesis and birthweight, was significantly associated with UI during pregnancy. Previous UI was a significant risk factor for period prevalent UI during pregnancy, explaining 34% and 83% of pregnancy UI...

  6. Big data based fraud risk management at Alibaba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jidong Chen


    Full Text Available With development of mobile internet and finance, fraud risk comes in all shapes and sizes. This paper is to introduce the Fraud Risk Management at Alibaba under big data. Alibaba has built a fraud risk monitoring and management system based on real-time big data processing and intelligent risk models. It captures fraud signals directly from huge amount data of user behaviors and network, analyzes them in real-time using machine learning, and accurately predicts the bad users and transactions. To extend the fraud risk prevention ability to external customers, Alibaba also built up a big data based fraud prevention product called AntBuckler. AntBuckler aims to identify and prevent all flavors of malicious behaviors with flexibility and intelligence for online merchants and banks. By combining large amount data of Alibaba and customers', AntBuckler uses the RAIN score engine to quantify risk levels of users or transactions for fraud prevention. It also has a user-friendly visualization UI with risk scores, top reasons and fraud connections.

  7. Evaluasi Tingkat Migrasi Neutrofil (OMR dalam Mulut pada Mahasiswa FKG UI dengan Stres Akademik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nyoman Gde Suryadhana


    Full Text Available A study has been done on the relationship between anxiety and migration rate of PMN in the mouth. Subjects were dental students of University of Indonesia from the first and the third semester, consisting of 12 males and 97 females, 19-25 years old, and not suffering from any physical diseases or psychotic disorders. This study had a within-subject design with each student as his or her own control. Observation was done three times, about two months and half an hour before examintation and half an hour after examination. The result was that the migration rate of PMN 30 second (index of OMR declines significantly just a moment before examination and recovers after examination (P<0.01. The OMR index was 0.43 well before examination, 0.23 shortly before it and 0.42 after examination. Apparently, the academic stress can temporarily inhibit some facet of the immune response showing a measurable abnormality of the index OMR. Results of this research could be useful for mental preparation of students taking examinations. Finally, this may give clue for the genesis of suggested stress related diseases which work through an immunological mechanism.

  8. La desercion estudiantil UIS, una mirada desde la responsabilidad social universitaria

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ruth Zarate Rueda; Eduardo Mantilla Pinilla


      The dropout rates in higher education institutions has become a social problem that aficts vulnerable populations in the socioeconomic structure, limiting their possibilities of human development...

  9. Building mobile applications using Kendo UI mobile and ASP.NET web API

    CERN Document Server

    Nair, Nishanth


    The Packt Beginner's Guide format is designed to make you as comfortable as possible. Using practical examples, this guide will walk you through the ins and outs of web application development with easy step-by-step instructions.If you want to build your own application but don't know where to start, then this is the book for you. With easy-to-follow, step-by-step and real-life examples, you will be building your own applications in a matter of weeks not years.

  10. Technological Readiness of UiTM Students in Using Mobile Phones in the English Language Classroom (United States)

    Murugan, Agelyia; Sai, George Teoh Boon; Lin, Agnes Liau Wei


    Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) by using devices such as mobile phones is an ideal learning platform for learners to acquire language and share knowledge beyond the confines of a fixed location. By utilizing the mobile applications available via smartphone, learners can engage in collaborative networks and find information in a variety of…

  11. 76 FR 75561 - Information Collection Request for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Trust Fund Activities Reports... (United States)


    ... the immediate deposit and limited withdrawal standards. Assure proper accounting for unemployment... forms of information collection techniques. III. Current Actions: The continued collection of these... Total Burden Hours: 1,749 hours. Total Burden Cost (capital/startup): $0. Total Burden Cost...

  12. El sistema de inyección diesel electrónico bomba - inyector (UIS)


    Hurtado Guzhñay, Diego Fernando; Plaza Espinoza, Alfredo Manuel


    En el capítulo I se halla detallado la descripción de todo el sistema, en donde se indican las principales características entre las que destacan: bomba de inyección individual para cada cilindro del motor, sistema de inyección directa, accionamiento mecánico y eléctrico, forma de la leva con dos perfiles para generar la alta presión. Para establecer los componentes se hace una división en dos sistemas el de baja presión: filtro de combustible, separador de agua, bomba de combustible (aliment...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Susanna


    Full Text Available Escherichia coli (E. coli bacteria was measured from ketoprak and gado-gado which sold in food retailer in the area of University of Indonesia. The research was conducted to know the level of contamination of E. coli bacteria in two type of food that easily find in the food retailer in the area of the University of Indonesia. The Total Plate Count (TPC method was applied to measure the level of the E. coli bacteria from each type of the food, which are gado-gado and ketoprak, from local registered cafeteria in each faculty, stationary and not stationary, using carriage or moveable unregistered food retailer around the University. The measurement was performed for the plate, spun and the sanitation water used by theretailers. Questioners were also used to collect information about the knowledge and practice, in related to the personal and environmental hygiene, along with observation to the observe the way the retailer to prepare, make and serve the food to the customers, and also to clean and store the utensils. The seventyfour retailers around the University were surveyed and observed. The result showed that the educational level of the respondents quite high, they were mostly graduated from Senior high school, sanitation facility were poor, the food server mostly had little knowledge and practice on healthy and good sanitation, since preparation to serving the food to the costumers and also clean the utensils. E. coli bacteria found above the healthy level from almost to the food retailer around the University, it found from the food, the utensils such as plates and spun, and also in the water used for cleaning the utensils. The research suggests a periodic microbiology monitoring for foods and drinks sale in the campus, to assure the quality of food that served for the civitas accademica for maintaining health. Is also need to develop a good sanitation facility used by the food retailers in the campus.

  14. Exploring the User Experience of Autonomous Driving: Workshop at AutomotiveUI 2013


    Tscheligi, Manfred; Wilfinger, David; Meschtscherjakov, Alexander; Montesinos, Carlos; McCall, Roderick; Szostak, Dalila; RatanMich; Muir, Alexander


    Although cars are not flying yet, self-driving cars are definitively closer than some may think. Numerous research organizations and major companies have developed working prototype autonomous vehicles. Three U.S. states have passed laws permitting autonomous cars on public roads and the UK is currently working on making similar policy changes. Technical challenges are of great importance to fully transition to these vehicles, but legislation, infrastructure and human factors elements are of ...

  15. B'ui.l.Chen1.Soc.Ethiop.,5(1), 11-20 (12191).

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    I}! AQUEOUS MEDIUM. 5.2%. Thomas ... even in vitro; difficult}: in isolating and identifying inhibitors in vivo; and uncertainty ... for Ca2+ in HAP to give solid solutions in the complete range. although conflicting ... solution. 0.001 M of the anions.

  16. Rucio WebUI - The Web Interface for the ATLAS Distributed Data Management

    CERN Document Server

    Beermann, Thomas; The ATLAS collaboration; Barisits, Martin-Stefan; Serfon, Cedric; Garonne, Vincent


    With the current distributed data management system for ATLAS, called Rucio, all user interactions, e.g. the Rucio command line tools or the ATLAS workload management system, communicate with Rucio through the same REST-API. This common interface makes it possible to interact with Rucio using a lot of different programming languages, including Javascript. Using common web application frameworks like JQuery and, a web application for Rucio was built. The main component is R2D2 - the Rucio Rule Definition Droid - which gives the users a simple way to manage their data on the grid. They can search for particular datasets and get details about its metadata and available replicas and easily create rules to create new replicas and delete them if not needed anymore. On the other hand it is possible for site admins to restrict transfers to their site by setting quotas and manually approve transfers. Besides R2D2 additional features include transfer backlog monitoring for shifters, group space monitoring for gr...

  17. Deformation of the UI-14at%Nb shape memory alloy: experiments and modeling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Field, Robert D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tome, Carlos N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Cabe, Rodney J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clarke, Amy J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brown, Donald W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tupper, Catherine N [Los Alamos National Laboratory


    U-14at%Nb is a shape memory effect (SME) alloy that undergoes deformation by the motion of complex twins and twin related lath boundaries up to the limit of SME deformation ({approx}7%). All of the twins present in the as-transformed martensite and active during SME deformation are derived from those of the orthorhombic alpha-U phase, modified for the monoclinic distortion of the alpha martensite phase. In the SME regime a simple Bain strain model qualitatively predicts variant selection, texture development in polycrystalline samples, and stress-strain behavior as a function of parent phase orientation in single crystal micropillars. In the post-SME regime, unrecoverable deformation occurs by a combination of slip and twinning, with the first few percent of strain in tension apparently governed by a twin species specifically associated with the monoclinic distortion (i.e. not present in the orthorhombic alpha-U phase). The situation in compression is more complicated, with a combination of slip and twinning systems believed responsible for deformation. A review of the Bain strain model for SME deformation will be presented in conjunction with experimental data. In addition, results from modeling of post-SME behavior using the Visco-Plastic Self-Consistent (VPSC) model will be compared to experimental texture measurements.

  18. Biologische effectiviteit van emissiereducerende spuittechnieken bij de bestrijding van schimmelziekten in ui : proefresultaten 2002-2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schepers, H.T.A.M.; Meier, R.


    Voor de bestrijding van valse meeldauw (Peronospora destructor) en de bladvlekkenziekte (Botrytis squamosa) is de inzet van fungiciden vooralsnog onontbeerlijk. Om de emissie naar het milieu van fungiciden zoveel mogelijk te beperken, zijn in de jaren 2002 tot en met 2005 veldproeven uitgevoerd, waa

  19. Thermodynamics of Pore Filling Metal Clusters in Metal Organic Frameworks: Pd in UiO-66

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vilhelmsen, Lasse; Sholl, David S.


    Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) have experimentally been demonstrated to be capable of supporting isolated transition-metal clusters, but the stability of these clusters with respect to aggregation is unclear. In this letter we use a genetic algorithm together with density functional theory calcu...

  20. System Performance Modelling of a Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System in UiTM, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurmalessa Muhammad


    Full Text Available This paper presents the prediction of grid-connected photovoltaic (GCPV system installed at Green Energy Research Center, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia located at latitude of 2 °N 101°E. By using Mathematical approach and climate variations of Malaysia such as module temperature and solar irradiance, the prediction of power systems performance parameters were analyzed. The parameter of the study is limited to 26 consecutive days with filter data of 80W/m2 irradiance. This study conducted by using monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar cell technologies. The actual and the predicted data measurement of these solar cell technologies were analyzed. The empirical models were compared according to the coefficient of determination (R2 and percentage error.  MathCAD software was used in order to calculate the prediction and detail analysis of electrical parameters. Finally, the results show a good accuracy between actual and prediction data.

  1. Thermodynamics of Pore Filling Metal Clusters in Metal Organic Frameworks: Pd in UiO-66

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vilhelmsen, Lasse; Sholl, David S.


    Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) have experimentally been demonstrated to be capable of supporting isolated transition-metal clusters, but the stability of these clusters with respect to aggregation is unclear. In this letter we use a genetic algorithm together with density functional theory...

  2. 77 FR 59669 - Comment Request for Information Collection; Unemployment Insurance (UI) Title XII Advances and... (United States)


    ... Constitution Avenue NW. Washington, DC 20210. Telephone number: 202-693-3008 (this is not a toll-free number). Individuals with hearing or speech impairments may access the telephone number above via TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Information Relay Service at 1-877-889-5627 (TTY/TDD). Email:...

  3. 77 FR 54927 - Comment Request for Information Collection for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Benefit Accuracy... (United States)


    ... Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20210. Telephone number: 202-693-3196 (this is not a toll-free number). Individuals with hearing or speech impairments may access the telephone number above via TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Information Relay Service at...

  4. A scalable healthcare information system based on a service-oriented architecture. (United States)

    Yang, Tzu-Hsiang; Sun, Yeali S; Lai, Feipei


    Many existing healthcare information systems are composed of a number of heterogeneous systems and face the important issue of system scalability. This paper first describes the comprehensive healthcare information systems used in National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH) and then presents a service-oriented architecture (SOA)-based healthcare information system (HIS) based on the service standard HL7. The proposed architecture focuses on system scalability, in terms of both hardware and software. Moreover, we describe how scalability is implemented in rightsizing, service groups, databases, and hardware scalability. Although SOA-based systems sometimes display poor performance, through a performance evaluation of our HIS based on SOA, the average response time for outpatient, inpatient, and emergency HL7Central systems are 0.035, 0.04, and 0.036 s, respectively. The outpatient, inpatient, and emergency WebUI average response times are 0.79, 1.25, and 0.82 s. The scalability of the rightsizing project and our evaluation results show that the SOA HIS we propose provides evidence that SOA can provide system scalability and sustainability in a highly demanding healthcare information system.

  5. Increasing student engagement in science through field-based research: University of Idaho's WoW STEMcore Program (United States)

    Squires, A. L.; Boylan, R. D.; Rittenburg, R.; Boll, J.; Allan, P.


    A recent statewide survey assessing STEM perceptions in Idaho showed that high school student interest in science and preparation for college are declining. To address this decline we are piloting an interdisciplinary, community and field-based water science education approach for 10th - 12th grade science courses during the 2013-14 school year called WoW STEMcore. The program is led by graduate students in the University of Idaho (UI) Waters of the West (WoW) program. Our methods are based on proven best practices from eight years of NSF GK-12 experience at UI and over a decade of GK-12 experience at more than 300 programs in the U.S. WoW STEMcore works to strengthen partnerships between WoW graduate students, high school teachers, and regional organizations that work on natural resource management or place-based science education with the intent of sustaining and merging efforts to increase scientific literacy among high school students and to better prepare them for higher education. In addition, graduate students gain outreach, education and communication experience and teachers are exposed to new and relevant research content and methods. WoW STEMcore is fostering these partnerships through water themed projects at three northern Idaho high schools. The pilot program will culminate in Spring 2014 with a regional Water Summit in which all participating students and partners will converge at a two-day youth scientific conference and competition where they can showcase their research and the skills they gained over the course of the year. We hypothesize that through a graduate student-led, field-based program that gets students out of the classroom and thinking about water resource issues in their communities, we will 1) fuel high school students' interest in science through hands on and inquiry-based pedagogy and 2) improve preparation for higher education by providing graduate student mentors to discuss the pathway from high school to college to a career. In

  6. Cedar Studio: an IDE supporting adaptive model-driven user interfaces for enterprise applications


    Akiki, Pierre; Bandara, Arosha; Yu, Yijun


    Support tools are necessary for the adoption of model-driven engineering of adaptive user interfaces (UI). Enterprise applications in particular, require a tool that could be used by developers as well as I.T. personnel during all the development and post-development phases. An IDE that supports adaptive model-driven enterprise UIs could further promote the adoption of this approach. This paper describes Cedar Studio, our IDE for building adaptive model-driven UIs based on the CEDAR reference...

  7. Implantable Bladder Sensors: A Methodological Review


    Dakurah, Mathias Naangmenkpeong; Koo, Chiwan; Choi, Wonseok; Joung, Yeun-Ho


    The loss of urinary bladder control/sensation, also known as urinary incontinence (UI), is a common clinical problem in autistic children, diabetics, and the elderly. UI not only causes discomfort for patients but may also lead to kidney failure, infections, and even death. The increase of bladder urine volume/pressure above normal ranges without sensation of UI patients necessitates the need for bladder sensors. Currently, a catheter-based sensor is introduced directly through the urethra in...

  8. 基于EMTP/ATP和Matlab的电力系统不平衡短路仿真与数据处理%The Imbalance Short-circuit Simulation and Data Processing of Electric Power System Based on EMTP/ATP and Matlab

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    This article introduces the simulation procedure and results of imbalance short-circuit of electric power system based on EMTP/ATP, and provides how to turn the EMTP/ATP data to the data that Matlab can process, and the source code of the important values of U.I, P,Q,/2, etc. , needed in the electric power protection by Matlab.%介绍了利用EMTP/ATP进行电力系统不平衡短路的仿真过程和结果,随后给出EMTP/ATP数据转换成Matlab能够处理的数据的方法,最后给出了Matlab利用提取出的数据求出电力系统保护需要的U,J,P,Q,I,Z等重要数值的源代码。

  9. 一种基于SOA的企业集成平台%SOA-based Enterprise Integration Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张朝晖; 徐立臻; 董逸生; 徐宏炳


    An SOA-based enterprise integration platform called JSSOA is presented.Cored on Enterprise Service Integration(ESI) middleware,JSSOA supports transparent integration of heterogeneous systems and services, MDA-based and business user oriented process modeling and service composition, semantic and QoS based service finding and service oriented UI creating.JSSOA simplifies the creation, running and maintenance of SOA-based applications by encapsulating the complicate details of SOA technology.%提出一种基于SOA的企业集成平台--JSSOA,以企业服务集成中间件为核心,实现异构系统和多种类型服务的透明集成,支持基于MDA方法面向最终用户的流程建模和服务组合、基于语义及QoS的服务查找、基于服务的个性化应用系统用户界面创制.该平台封装了复杂的SOA技术细节,使基于SOA的应用系统的构建、运行和维护更简单、高效.

  10. Urinary incontinence and overactive bladder in patients attending the family practice physicians office: a pan-Slovenian cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor But


    Conclusions: Both, UI and OAB represent a significant problem among patients attending the family practice physician office. It seems that the knowledge of both dysfunctions is satisfactory among physicians. The majority of patients would tell their doctors about UI and OAB and would also receive appropriate instructions regarding the bladder training and PFMT, both methods being very important for the prevention and treatment of these dysfunctions.

  11. Designing with the mind in mind simple guide to understanding user interface design guidelines

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, Jeff


    In this completely updated and revised edition of Designing with the Mind in Mind, Jeff Johnson provides you with just enough background in perceptual and cognitive psychology that user interface (UI) design guidelines make intuitive sense rather than being just a list or rules to follow. Early UI practitioners were trained in cognitive psychology, and developed UI design rules based on it. But as the field has evolved since the first edition of this book, designers enter the field from many disciplines. Practitioners today have enough experience in UI design that they have been exposed to

  12. Photocatalytic carbon dioxide reduction with rhodium-based catalysts in solution and heterogenized within metal-organic frameworks. (United States)

    Chambers, Matthew B; Wang, Xia; Elgrishi, Noémie; Hendon, Christopher H; Walsh, Aron; Bonnefoy, Jonathan; Canivet, Jérôme; Quadrelli, Elsje Alessandra; Farrusseng, David; Mellot-Draznieks, Caroline; Fontecave, Marc


    The first photosensitization of a rhodium-based catalytic system for CO2 reduction is reported, with formate as the sole carbon-containing product. Formate has wide industrial applications and is seen as valuable within fuel cell technologies as well as an interesting H2 -storage compound. Heterogenization of molecular rhodium catalysts is accomplished via the synthesis, post-synthetic linker exchange, and characterization of a new metal-organic framework (MOF) Cp*Rh@UiO-67. While the catalytic activities of the homogeneous and heterogeneous systems are found to be comparable, the MOF-based system is more stable and selective. Furthermore it can be recycled without loss of activity. For formate production, an optimal catalyst loading of ∼10 % molar Rh incorporation is determined. Increased incorporation of rhodium catalyst favors thermal decomposition of formate into H2 . There is no precedent for a MOF catalyzing the latter reaction so far. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  13. Web-based access to near real-time and archived high-density time-series data: cyber infrastructure challenges & developments in the open-source Waveform Server (United States)

    Reyes, J. C.; Vernon, F. L.; Newman, R. L.; Steidl, J. H.


    The Waveform Server is an interactive web-based interface to multi-station, multi-sensor and multi-channel high-density time-series data stored in Center for Seismic Studies (CSS) 3.0 schema relational databases (Newman et al., 2009). In the last twelve months, based on expanded specifications and current user feedback, both the server-side infrastructure and client-side interface have been extensively rewritten. The Python Twisted server-side code-base has been fundamentally modified to now present waveform data stored in cluster-based databases using a multi-threaded architecture, in addition to supporting the pre-existing single database model. This allows interactive web-based access to high-density (broadband @ 40Hz to strong motion @ 200Hz) waveform data that can span multiple years; the common lifetime of broadband seismic networks. The client-side interface expands on it's use of simple JSON-based AJAX queries to now incorporate a variety of User Interface (UI) improvements including standardized calendars for defining time ranges, applying on-the-fly data calibration to display SI-unit data, and increased rendering speed. This presentation will outline the various cyber infrastructure challenges we have faced while developing this application, the use-cases currently in existence, and the limitations of web-based application development.

  14. A Midas Plugin to Enable Construction of Reproducible Web-based Image Processing Pipelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael eGrauer


    Full Text Available Image processing is an important quantitative technique for neuroscience researchers, but difficult for those who lack experience in the field. In this paper we present a web-based platform that allows an expert to create a brain image processing pipeline, enabling execution of that pipeline even by those biomedical researchers with limited image processing knowledge. These tools are implemented as a plugin for Midas, an open-source toolkit for creating web based scientific data storage and processing platforms. Using this plugin, an image processing expert can construct a pipeline, create a web-based UI, manage jobs, and visualize intermediate results. Pipelines are executed on a grid computing platform using BatchMake and HTCondor. This represents a new capability for biomedical researchers and offers an innovative platform for scientific collaboration. Current tools work well, but can be inaccessible for those lacking image processing expertise. Using this plugin, researchers in collaboration with image processing experts can create workflows with reasonable default settings and streamlined user interfaces, and data can be processed easily from a lab environment without the need for a powerful desktop computer. This platform allows simplified troubleshooting, centralized maintenance, and easy data sharing with collaborators. These capabilities enable reproducible science by sharing datasets and processing pipelines between collaborators. In this paper, we present a description of this innovative Midas plugin, along with results obtained from building and executing several ITK based image processing workflows for diffusion weighted MRI (DW MRI of rodent brain images, as well as recommendations for building automated image processing pipelines. Although the particular image processing pipelines developed were focused on rodent brain MRI, the presented plugin can be used to support any executable or script-based pipeline.

  15. Unemployment duration and unemployment insurance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røed, Knut; Jensen, Peter; Thoursie, Anna


    Based on pooled register data from Norway and Sweden, we find that differences in unemployment duration patterns reflect dissimilarities in unemployment insurance (UI) systems in a way that convincingly establishes the link between economic incentives and job search behaviour. Specifically, UI...

  16. Use of Design Patterns According to Hand Dominance in a Mobile User Interface (United States)

    Al-Samarraie, Hosam; Ahmad, Yusof


    User interface (UI) design patterns for mobile applications provide a solution to design problems and can improve the usage experience for users. However, there is a lack of research categorizing the uses of design patterns according to users' hand dominance in a learning-based mobile UI. We classified the main design patterns for mobile…

  17. Use of Design Patterns According to Hand Dominance in a Mobile User Interface (United States)

    Al-Samarraie, Hosam; Ahmad, Yusof


    User interface (UI) design patterns for mobile applications provide a solution to design problems and can improve the usage experience for users. However, there is a lack of research categorizing the uses of design patterns according to users' hand dominance in a learning-based mobile UI. We classified the main design patterns for mobile…

  18. GrayStarServer: Server-side spectrum synthesis with a browser-based client-side user interface

    CERN Document Server

    Short, C Ian


    I present GrayStarServer (GSS), a stellar atmospheric modeling and spectrum synthesis code of pedagogical accuracy that is accessible in any web browser on commonplace computational devices and that runs on a time-scale of a few seconds. The addition of spectrum synthesis annotated with line identifications extends the functionality and pedagogical applicability of GSS beyond that of its predecessor, GrayStar3 (GS3). The spectrum synthesis is based on a line list acquired from the NIST atomic spectra database, and the GSS post-processing and user interface (UI) client allows the user to inspect the plain text ASCII version of the line list, as well as to apply macroscopic broadening. Unlike GS3, GSS carries out the physical modeling on the server side in Java, and communicates with the JavaScript and HTML client via an asynchronous HTTP request. I also describe other improvements beyond GS3 such as more realistic modeling physics and use of the HTML element for higher quality plotting and rendering of result...

  19. Web API Recommendation Based on User Usage History and Reputation Evaluation%基于用户使用历史与信誉评价的Web API推荐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹步清; 刘建勋; 唐明董; 谢芬方


    With the release of more and more Web API services on Internet,it becomes a challenging research problem that how to recommend Web APIs that developer user are interested in and reputation degrees are high,to construct high quality and trustworthy software service system. This paper presents Web API service recommendation approach based on user usage history and reputation evaluation ( WASR) . It computes the similarity between user history records and Web API services,and gets user interest degree. Service reputation degree is computed by considering the user score of Web API,the score contributions of those Mashup services calling the Web API, and traffic flow of Web API based on statistical data by Alexa. It ranks and recommends Web API services according to the user interest degree and service reputation degree of Web APIs. Experimental results show that this approach can recommend Web API services with higher DCG of user interest degree than those of SR-based approach,and higher DCG of service reputation degree than those of UI-based approach.%随着网络上发布的Web API服务越来越多,如何推荐给开发者用户感兴趣、信誉度高的Web API服务,以构建高质量高可信的软件服务系统,成为一个具有挑战性的研究问题。为此,提出一种基于用户使用历史与信誉评价的Web API服务推荐方法。计算用户使用历史记录与Web API之间的相似度,获得Web API的用户兴趣值。综合用户的Web API评分,调用Web API的Mashup服务的评价贡献和Alexa统计的Web API访问流量,获得Web API的信誉评价值。根据Web API的用户兴趣值以及信誉评价值,实现Web API的排名与推荐。实验结果表明,该方法推荐的Web API用户兴趣度DCG值高于SR-Based方法,服务信誉度DCG值高于UI-Based方法。

  20. The Development of Chlorophyll Meter Based on MTK Platform%基于MTK平台的叶绿素检测仪开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾高威; 潘大宇; 朱大洲; 曾钢; 王成


    利用华禹旋风001MTK手机开发模块作为主控设备实现叶绿素仪的硬件开发.MTK手机平台采用Nucleus嵌入式实时操作系统,集成了ARM处理器、GPRS Modem等,并且还提供了总线扩展接口,比如并口、串口等.本文通过JNI实现Java 控制硬件,在MTK的Java平台下使用低级UI(User Interface)编写仪器的配套程序,实现了对硬件的控制、数据和图像的采集、数据的存储和浏览等功能.MTK平台的高度集成性和稳定性为开发工作创造了一个高效、稳定的平台.基于MTK平台的拍照功能,在获取植物叶片SPAD值的同时,还可拍摄对应的叶片或植株的照片,从而有助于对作物的形态参数、氮素营养成分及病虫害信息进行综合对比分析.%Huayu cyclone 001 mobile phone development module was used as the master system to develop the chlorophyll meter.MTK mobile phone platform used a real-time operating system called Nucleus,which integrated ARM processor,GPRS Modem,and also provided bus expansion interface,such as parallel port and serial port.In this study,the control of hardware was achieved by Java Native Interface (JNI).The corresponding software was developed at the Java platform of MTK with low-level User Interface (UI).Thus it realized the control of hardware,the collection and storage and browse of data and images.The high integration and stability of MTK provided an effective and stable platform for the development of chlorophyll meter.Based on the camera attachment of MTK,the chlorophyll meter could measure the SPAD value,and collect the images of plant leaf simultaneously.This function is benefit for comprehensive analysis of crop phenotypic parameters,nutritional parameters,and the plant diseases and insect pests.

  1. Sintesis Biodiesel dari Minyak Biji Ketapang (Terminalia Catappa Linn. yang berasal dari Tumbuhan di Kampus UI Depok

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyudi Priyono Suwarso


    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan sintesis Biodiesel dengan bahan dasar minyak biji Ketapang (Terminaliacatappa Linn., dengan tujuan utama adalah untuk menurunkan viskositas atau kekentalanminyak nabati. Biodiesel tersebut berupa metil ester asam lemak penyusun trigliserida minyakbiji ketapang, yang dibuat dengan mereaksikan minyak biji ketapang dengan larutan KOHalkoholisdan metanol, dengan perbandingan mol antara minyak biji ketapang : larutan KOHalkoholis: metanol = 1,0 : 0,21 : 12,0, pada suhu 65C dengan waktu reaksi 2 jam dan denganpengadukan menggunakan pengaduk magnit. Dari reaksi trans-esterifikasi tersebut, akandihasilkan metil ester asam lemak sebanyak 74,52% dihitung dari jumlah mol rata-rata (Mrminyak biji ketapang yang direaksikan. Hasil uji karakteristik terhadap biodiesel yang dihasilkanmenunjukkan, bahwa biodiesel dari minyak biji ketapang mendekati karakteristik minyak dieselno. 2-D, yang biasa digunakan pada mesin-mesin industri dan kendaraan berat.

  2. Synthesis and characterization of amine-functionalized mixed-ligand metal-organic frameworks of UiO-66 topology. (United States)

    Chavan, Sachin M; Shearer, Greig C; Svelle, Stian; Olsbye, Unni; Bonino, Francesca; Ethiraj, Jayashree; Lillerud, Karl Petter; Bordiga, Silvia


    A series of amine-functionalized mixed-linker metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of idealized structural formula Zr6O4(OH)4(BDC)(6-6X)(ABDC)6X (where BDC = benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid, ABDC = 2-aminobenzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid) has been prepared by solvothermal synthesis. The materials have been characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy with the aim of elucidating the effect that varying the degrees of amine functionalization has on the stability (thermal and chemical) and porosity of the framework. This work includes the first application of ultraviolet-visible light (UV-vis) spectroscopy in the quantification of ABDC in mixed-linker MOFs.

  3. Do Physical Therapy Interventions Affect Urinary Incontinence and Quality of Life in People with Multiple Sclerosis?: An Evidence-Based Review. (United States)

    Block, Valerie; Rivera, Monica; Melnick, Marsha; Allen, Diane D


    Multiple sclerosis (MS) presents with many debilitating symptoms, including urinary incontinence (UI), that physical therapy (PT) may address; UI is widely prevalent, but PT management of symptoms lacks consensus. A meta-analysis of long-term nonsurgical and nonpharmaceutical treatment options may supply this deficiency. We analyzed the current evidence for effectiveness of PT to decrease UI and improve quality of life (QOL) in people with MS. An electronic search conducted through November 26, 2013, included the following search terms: incontinence, bladder dysfunction, urinary incontinence, multiple sclerosis, MS, physical therapy, physiotherapy, therapy, and rehabilitation. Criteria for inclusion were as follows: MS diagnosis, intervention involved PT for UI or bladder dysfunction, outcomes assessed QOL or UI, and at least a 4 of 10 on the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale or a 2b level of evidence. Outcomes were combined across studies, and effect sizes are depicted in forest plots. Six studies met the inclusion criteria. Between-group analysis revealed statistically significant differences in incontinence episodes and QOL, but did not reach significance for functional control mechanisms (eg, electromyography data on strength of contraction, relaxation, and endurance). Incontinence leakage episodes and QOL participation improved within groups. Meta-analysis indicates support for PT for minimizing incontinence compared with pretreatment and affecting incontinence and QOL more than control in people with MS. Protocols were heterogeneous regarding duration and type of PT intervention and were applied in different types of MS. Further research may reveal the most effective combination and variety of PT interventions for people with MS.

  4. Highly sensitive and selective detection of mercury (II) based on a zirconium metal-organic framework in aqueous media (United States)

    Zhang, Xin; Xia, Tifeng; Jiang, Ke; Cui, Yuanjing; Yang, Yu; Qian, Guodong


    A novel metal-organic framework (MOF) fluorescent probe UiO-66-PSM is obtained by the copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne click (CuAAC) reaction of UiO-66-N3 with phenylacetylene. The click-generated triazole unit can act as the metal binding site to coordinate with Hg2+, which exhibits the most pronounced fluorescence response (rapid response, excellent selectivity, and high sensitivity) over other metal ions. Moreover, it is capable of detecting Hg2+ in environmental water samples without any structural disintegration of the framework, indicating its high potential in practical applications.

  5. Dental Hygiene and Orthodontics: Effect of Ultrasonic Instrumentation on Bonding Efficacy of Different Lingual Orthodontic Brackets (United States)

    Collesano, Vittorio; Tovt, Gaia; Bernardinelli, Luisa; Gandini, Paola


    Dental hygienists are often faced with patients wearing lingual orthodontic therapy, as ultrasonic instrumentation (UI) is crucial for oral health. As the application of external forces can lead to premature bonding failure, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of UI on shear bond strength (SBS) and on adhesive remnant index (ARI) of different lingual orthodontic brackets. 200 bovine incisors were divided into 10 groups. Four different lingual (STB, Ormco; TTR, Rocky Mountain Orthodontics; Idea, Leone; 2D, Forestadent) and vestibular control (Victory, 3M) brackets were bonded. UI was performed in half of specimens, whereas the other half did not receive any treatment. All groups were tested with a universal testing machine. SBS and ARI values were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed (significance: P = 0.05). TTR, Idea, and 2D lingual brackets significantly lowered SBS after UI, whereas for other braces no effect was recorded. Appliances with lower mesh area significantly reduced their adhesion capacity after UI. Moreover groups subjected to UI showed higher ARI scores than controls. UI lowered SBS of lingual appliances of small dimensions so particular care should be posed avoiding prolonged instrumentation around bracket base during plaque removal. Moreover, UI influenced also ARI scores. PMID:28904955

  6. Disability Insurance and Unemployment Insurance As Substitute Pathways: An Empirical Analysis Based on Employer Data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koning, P.; van Vuuren, D.


    In this paper, we estimate the degree of substitution between enrolment into Disability Insurance (DI) and Unemployment Insurance (UI) in the Netherlands. Starting in the 1990s many policy measures aimed at reducing DI enrolment, and increase labour force participation. We quantify whether these pol

  7. Exploring students’ perceived and actual ability in solving statistical problems based on Rasch measurement tools (United States)

    Azila Che Musa, Nor; Mahmud, Zamalia; Baharun, Norhayati


    One of the important skills that is required from any student who are learning statistics is knowing how to solve statistical problems correctly using appropriate statistical methods. This will enable them to arrive at a conclusion and make a significant contribution and decision for the society. In this study, a group of 22 students majoring in statistics at UiTM Shah Alam were given problems relating to topics on testing of hypothesis which require them to solve the problems using confidence interval, traditional and p-value approach. Hypothesis testing is one of the techniques used in solving real problems and it is listed as one of the difficult concepts for students to grasp. The objectives of this study is to explore students’ perceived and actual ability in solving statistical problems and to determine which item in statistical problem solving that students find difficult to grasp. Students’ perceived and actual ability were measured based on the instruments developed from the respective topics. Rasch measurement tools such as Wright map and item measures for fit statistics were used to accomplish the objectives. Data were collected and analysed using Winsteps 3.90 software which is developed based on the Rasch measurement model. The results showed that students’ perceived themselves as moderately competent in solving the statistical problems using confidence interval and p-value approach even though their actual performance showed otherwise. Item measures for fit statistics also showed that the maximum estimated measures were found on two problems. These measures indicate that none of the students have attempted these problems correctly due to reasons which include their lack of understanding in confidence interval and probability values.

  8. Encapsulation of Bimetallic Metal Nanoparticles into Robust Zirconium-Based Metal-Organic Frameworks: Evaluation of the Catalytic Potential for Size-Selective Hydrogenation. (United States)

    Rösler, Christoph; Dissegna, Stefano; Rechac, Victor L; Kauer, Max; Guo, Penghu; Turner, Stuart; Ollegott, Kevin; Kobayashi, Hirokazu; Yamamoto, Tomokazu; Peeters, Daniel; Wang, Yuemin; Matsumura, Syo; Van Tendeloo, Gustaaf; Kitagawa, Hiroshi; Muhler, Martin; Llabrés I Xamena, Francesc X; Fischer, Roland A


    The realization of metal nanoparticles (NPs) with bimetallic character and distinct composition for specific catalytic applications is an intensively studied field. Due to the synergy between metals, most bimetallic particles exhibit unique properties that are hardly provided by the individual monometallic counterparts. However, as small-sized NPs possess high surface energy, agglomeration during catalytic reactions is favored. Sufficient stabilization can be achieved by confinement of NPs in porous support materials. In this sense, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in particular have gained a lot of attention during the last years; however, encapsulation of bimetallic species remains challenging. Herein, the exclusive embedding of preformed core-shell PdPt and RuPt NPs into chemically robust Zr-based MOFs is presented. Microstructural characterization manifests partial retention of the core-shell systems after successful encapsulation without harming the crystallinity of the microporous support. The resulting chemically robust NP@UiO-66 materials exhibit enhanced catalytic activity towards the liquid-phase hydrogenation of nitrobenzene, competitive with commercially used Pt on activated carbon, but with superior size-selectivity for sterically varied substrates. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  9. Improved resolution and simplification of the spin-diffusion-based NMR method for the structural analysis of mixed-linker MOFs (United States)

    Krajnc, Andraž; Bueken, Bart; De Vos, Dirk; Mali, Gregor


    Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy combined with modeling represents a powerful tool for the structural analysis of heterogeneous materials. In this contribution we describe an upgraded method, particularly suited for the structural analysis of mixed-linker metal-organic framework materials, which is based on the measurement and modeling of proton spin diffusion among constituents. We tested the method on a UiO-66-type metal-organic material, in which the organic building units were 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate and trans-1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylate anions distributed within the framework in an unknown manner. We showed that resolution of the signals of different building units could be significantly enhanced by the carbon-detected version of the proton spin-diffusion measurement. Because this kind of measurement is much more time consuming than the proton-detected measurement and because one has to carry out several two-dimensional measurements to extract spin-diffusion curves, we inspected the possibility of reducing the number of such measurements. This could be done by limiting the analysis to short mixing times, for which, as shown in this contribution, linear approximation is valid. When working in the linear regime, only a few experimental points are needed to determine the slope of spin-diffusion curves. Usage of short spin-diffusion mixing times significantly shortened the total measurement time and also markedly simplified the modeling of spin-diffusion curves.

  10. 基于RK2808的平板电脑FM收音模块设计%Design of FM Radio Module Based on RK2808 Tablet PC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王全宇; 覃志东; 齐蓓; 覃小红


    针对FM收音是许多消费电子的必备功能以及平板电脑的技术发展趋势,基于RK2808平板电脑解决方案,设计实现了FM收音模块.该模块采用SCT-806芯片,设计了相应外围电路及设备的驱动程序;模块应用程序的设计则结合了多种设计模式框架和多线程技术.所实现的FM收音模块操作界面友好简单,实用性强,成本低.%Under the consideration that FM radio is the essential function of many electronic consuming products and developing trends of tablet PC techniques,FM radio module was designed and realized based on the solving scheme of RK2808 tablet PC,which used SCT-806 chip and designed relevant peripheral circuits and hardware drivers.The design of the module's application combined various design patterns and multithread technology.The results show that the accomplished FM module has friendly and simple UI,good practicability and low cost.

  11. High-speed video of competing and cut-off leaders prior to "upward illumination-type" lightning ground strokes (United States)

    Stolzenburg, Maribeth; Marshall, Thomas; Karunarathne, Sumedhe; Karunarathna, Nadeeka; Warner, Tom; Orville, Richard


    This study presents evidence to test a hypothesis regarding the physical mechanism resulting in very weak "upward illumination" (UI) type ground strokes occurring within a few milliseconds after a normal return stroke (RS) of a negative lightning flash. As described in previous work [Stolzenburg et al., JGR D15203, 2012], these short duration (strokes form a new ground connection, without apparent connection to the main RS, over their relatively short (return path. From a dataset of 170 video flashes acquired in 2011 (captured at 50000 frames per second), we find 20 good UI examples in 18 flashes at 2.5-32.3 km distance from the camera. Average separation values are 1.26 ms and 1.9 km between the ground connections of the UI and main RS. Based on electric field change data for the flashes, the estimated peak current of the UI strokes averages -5.0 kA, about one-third the average value for the preceding RS. In 15 cases the video data show a distinct stepped leader to the UI which develops concurrently with the stepped leader to the main RS. Estimated altitude of the UI leader tip just before the main RS occurs ranges from 0 to 610 m, and in 7 cases steps are visible in the UI leader after the main RS. In most of the examples the RS and UI appear as separate channels for their entire visible portion, but in 5 cases there is a junction indicating the UI leader is a cut-off branch from the main leader. A generalized schematic of the seven main luminosity stages in a typical UI, along with video examples showing each of these stages and electric field change data, will be presented.

  12. An agent-based approach to decluttering the interfaces of multi-UAV command and control systems (United States)

    O'Hara, Stephen; Dwyer, Nathan


    Information overload and cluttered user interfaces can lead to decreased situational awareness and lowered performance of human operators. Irrelevant data increases searching times for tasks requiring the identification of threats, causing delayed decisions. Cognitive burden on the user increases as displays become more cluttered, which results in increased operator stress leading to poor decision-making ability. To address this issue, we have designed an intelligent agentbased system for the automatic de-cluttering of a representative net-centric interface designed for controlling multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) by a single operator. Our concept is called ARID, for Agent-based Reduction of Information Density. The ARID hypothesis is that intelligent agents can improve operator performance by deemphasizing those aspects of a display that can be inferred as less-important to the mission goals. ARID agents receive information about the world via data feeds provided by various net-centric sources. Each agent has an understanding of the user interface symbols that are used to represent various entities, terrain features, and zones. The agent also is provided with a mission goal which is used for inferring the relevance of a given symbol to the success of the mission goal. First level facts, such as spatial relationships, are calculated by supporting agents and assigned a BDU (belief/disbelief/uncertainty) value. A dynamic set of rules provides an inference mechanism by which an agent can infer new facts from the given assertions. We have developed a Subjective Logic-based Evidential Reasoning Network that explicitly deals with belief and uncertainty in the knowledge base, and is used to derive a relevancy belief for every UI symbol in the map display. Subjective Logic is used to combine values when different sources provide different results for the same symbol. User Interface agents apply the results of the relevancy beliefs and transform the display to

  13. Robust, Chiral, and Porous BINAP-Based Metal–Organic Frameworks for Highly Enantioselective Cyclization Reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sawano, Takahiro; Thacker, Nathan C.; Lin, Zekai; McIsaac, Alexandra R.; Lin, Wenbin (UC)


    We report here the design of BINAP-based metal–organic frameworks and their postsynthetic metalation with Rh complexes to afford highly active and enantioselective single-site solid catalysts for the asymmetric cyclization reactions of 1,6-enynes. Robust, chiral, and porous Zr-MOFs of UiO topology, BINAP-MOF (I) or BINAP-dMOF (II), were prepared using purely BINAP-derived dicarboxylate linkers or by mixing BINAP-derived linkers with unfunctionalized dicarboxylate linkers, respectively. Upon metalation with Rh(nbd)2BF4 and [Rh(nbd)Cl]2/AgSbF6, the MOF precatalysts I·Rh(BF4) and I·Rh(SbF6) efficiently catalyzed highly enantioselective (up to 99% ee) reductive cyclization and Alder-ene cycloisomerization of 1,6-enynes, respectively. I·Rh catalysts afforded cyclization products at comparable enantiomeric excesses (ee’s) and 4–7 times higher catalytic activity than the homogeneous controls, likely a result of catalytic site isolation in the MOF which prevents bimolecular catalyst deactivation pathways. However, I·Rh is inactive in the more sterically encumbered Pauson–Khand reactions between 1,6-enynes and carbon monoxide. In contrast, with a more open structure, Rh-functionalized BINAP-dMOF, II·Rh, effectively catalyzed Pauson–Khand cyclization reactions between 1,6-enynes and carbon monoxide at 10 times higher activity than the homogeneous control. II·Rh was readily recovered and used three times in Pauson–Khand cyclization reactions without deterioration of yields or ee’s. Our work has expanded the scope of MOF-catalyzed asymmetric reactions and showed that the mixed linker strategy can effectively enlarge the open space around the catalytic active site to accommodate highly sterically demanding polycyclic metallocycle transition states/intermediates in asymmetric intramolecular cyclization reactions.

  14. From the Frying Pan Into the Fire (and Back Again: Adventures in Subject-Based, Credit Instruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Tagge


    Full Text Available   My best experience as a teacher-librarian was leading a credit, semester-long course while a librarian at the University of Illinois Springfield (UIS during which my students came to care deeply about the topical content and used their developing research skills to further their engagement.  For librarians, though, this is the exception rather than the [...

  15. From the Frying Pan Into the Fire (and Back Again): Adventures in Subject-Based, Credit Instruction


    Natalie Tagge


      My best experience as a teacher-librarian was leading a credit, semester-long course while a librarian at the University of Illinois Springfield (UIS) during which my students came to care deeply about the topical content and used their developing research skills to further their engagement.  For librarians, though, this is the exception rather than the [...

  16. Sex Differences in Stroke Incidence, Prevalence, Mortality and DALYs: Results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (United States)

    Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.; Bennett, Derrick A.; Krishnamurthi, Rita; Parmar, Priya; Feigin, Valery L; Naghavi, Mohsen; Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.; Johnson, Catherine; Nguyen, Grant; Mensah, George A.; Vos, Theo; Murray, Christopher; Roth, Gregory A.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Akinyemi, Rufus, O.; Bahit, Cecilia; Banerjee, Amitava; Basu, Sanjay; Brainin, Michael; Bornstein, Natan M.; Caso, Valeria; Catalá-López, Ferrán; Chowdhury, Rajiv; Christensen, Hanne; Colomar, Merceded; Davis, Stephen; deVeber, Gabrielle; Dharmaratne, Samath D.; Donnan, Geoffrey; Dorairaj, Prabhakaran; Dokova, Klara; Endres, Matthias; Fernandes, Jefferson G; Geleijnse, J. Marianne; Gillum, Richard F.; Giroud, Maurice; Guohong, Jiang; Hamadeh, Randah R.; Hankey, Graeme J.; Jeemon, Panniyammakal; Jin, Kim Yun; Jonas, Jost B.; Kalkonde, Yogesh; Kengne, Andre P; Kim, Daniel; Kissela, Brett M.; Kokubo, Yoshihiro; Lavados, Pablo; Lindsay, Patrice; Lotufo, Paulo A; Mackay, Mark T.; Malekzadeh, Reza; Mehndiratta, Man Mohan; Nand, Devina; Norrving, Bo; Pandian, Jeyaraj Durai; Perkins, Harry; Pourmalek, Farshad; Ricci, Stefano; Riccio, Patricia M.; Rojas-Rueda, David; Roy, Nobhojit; Sacco, Ralph, L.; Sahathevan, Ramesh; Sheth, Kevin N.; Shiue, Ivy; Sposato, Luciano A.; Tanne, David; Thrift, Amanda; Thurston, George; Tirschwell, David; Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy; Vlassov, Vasiliy; Westerman, Ronny; Wolfe, Charles


    Background Accurate information on stroke burden in men and women are important for evidence-based health care planning and resource allocation. Previously, limited research suggested that the absolute number of deaths from stroke in women was greater than in men, but the incidence and mortality rates were greater in men. However, sex differences in various metrics of stroke burden on a global scale have not been a subject of comprehensive and comparable assessment for most regions of the world, nor have sex differences in stroke burden been examined for trends over time. Methods Stroke incidence, prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy years lost due to disability (YLDs) were estimated as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013 Study. Data inputs included all available information on stroke incidence, prevalence, and death and case fatality rates. Analysis was performed separately by sex and 5-year age categories for 188 countries. Statistical models were employed to produce globally comprehensive results over time. All rates were age-standardized to a global population and 95% uncertainty intervals (UI) were computed. Findings In 2013 global ischaemic stroke (IS) and haemorrhagic stroke (HS) incidence (per 100 000) in men (IS 132.77 [95% UI, 125.34-142.77]; HS 64.89 [95% UI 59.82-68.85]) exceeded those of women (IS 98.85 [95%UI, 92.11 - 106.62]; HS 45.48 [95% UI, 42.43-48.53]). IS incidence rates were lower in 2013 compared with 1990 rates for both sexes (1990 male IS incidence 147.40 [95% UI, 137.87-157-66]; 1990 female IS incidence 113.31 [95%UI, 103.52 – 123.40]), but the only significant change in IS incidence was among women. Changes in global HS incidence were not statistically significant for males (1990 = 65.31 [95% UI, 61.63 – 69.0], 2013 = 64.89[95% UI, 59.82-68.85]), but was significant for females (1990= 64.892 [95% UI, 59.82-68.85], 2013= 45.48 [95% UI, 42.427-48.53]). The number of DALYs related to IS

  17. 基于Android平台的UX手机交互主题的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of UX Mobile Interactive Subject Based on Android Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    随着移动互联网的飞速发展,手机设计也进入一个全新的发展时期,越来越多的手机制造厂商逐渐重视手机应用软件的UI界面交互设计,以此来提高企业产品的市场竞争力。从Android平台上主题应用架构的设计、主题页面的显示、UX引擎中交互功能实现以及测试等方面论述Android平台上实现手机交互主题的全过程。%With the rapid development of mobile Internet,the design of mobile phone is entering a new period of development,more and more mobile phone manufacturers gradually pay attention to the UI interface interaction design of mobile applications,In order to improve the market competitiveness of enterprise products,the whole process of implement mobile interactive subject is discussed in this paper based on the Android platform from application architecture design theme on the Android platform、display of the theme page、implementation and test of the interacvivity of ux and so on.

  18. 基于开源技术的Web协作工作软件设计实现%Design and Implementation of Web Collaborative Working Software based on Open Source Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋琨; 季振山; 肖炳甲


    Web based software has the advantage of cross-platform, easy to develop and deployment. It also gains good using experi- ence due to the improvement of front-end technology such as JQuery UI. The open-source movement brought much great and free software to industry. In this paper a design and implementation of Web Collaborative Working Software with functionality of document management and wiki knowledge management is developed. Third-party Open sourced code project is used to speed up the develop- ing progress. The usability, safety and extendibility also emphasized in this design as well.%基于Web软件具有跨平台、快速开发部署的优势,同时,Web前端技术如JQueryUI的出现使得Web应用拥有更好的用户体验。开源运动产生了大量的优秀软件共享资源,本文提出一种用开源技术开发基于Web的协同工作软件的设计实现.包括文档管理,Wiki知识库的功能。设计复用了大量的开放资源保证了开发速度,同时也注重易用性、安全性以及可扩展性等要求。

  19. A spike at benefit exhaustion: Still possible after four years of unemployment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie; Weatherall, Cecilie Dohlmann

    European policymakers wonder whether the long-term unemployed can still find jobs if the benefit period is shortened. We investigate this question by analysing how long-term unemployed react to the threat of running out of unemployment insurance (UI) after receiving it for almost four years....... The empirical analysis is based on very precise administrative records of men’s unemployment spells. To identify the effect of UI exhaustion, we exploit a legislative change in the duration of benefits that progressively reduced UI entitlement from five to four years. Our results show a spike 3-6 months before...... benefit exhaustion for long-term unemployed....

  20. Evaluation of smartphone-based interaction techniques in a CAVE in the context of immersive digital project review (United States)

    George, Paul; Kemeny, Andras; Colombet, Florent; Merienne, Frédéric; Chardonnet, Jean-Rémy; Thouvenin, Indira Mouttapa


    Immersive digital project reviews consist in using virtual reality (VR) as a tool for discussion between various stakeholders of a project. In the automotive industry, the digital car prototype model is the common thread that binds them. It is used during immersive digital project reviews between designers, engineers, ergonomists, etc. The digital mockup is also used to assess future car architecture, habitability or perceived quality requirements with the aim to reduce using physical mockups for optimized cost, delay and quality efficiency. Among the difficulties identified by the users, handling the mockup is a major one. Inspired by current uses of nomad devices (multi-touch gestures, IPhone UI look'n'feel and AR applications), we designed a navigation technique taking advantage of these popular input devices: Space scrolling allows moving around the mockup. In this paper, we present the results of a study we conducted on the usability and acceptability of the proposed smartphone-based interaction metaphor compared to traditional technique and we provide indications of the most efficient choices for different use-cases accordingly. It was carried out in a traditional 4-sided CAVE and its purpose is to assess a chosen set of interaction techniques to be implemented in Renault's new 5-sides 4K x 4K wall high performance CAVE. The proposed new metaphor using nomad devices is well accepted by novice VR users and future implementation should allow an efficient industrial use. Their use is an easy and user friendly alternative of the existing traditional control devices such as a joystick.

  1. Monitoring contamination due to materials outgassing by QCM-based sensors (United States)

    Dirri, Fabrizio


    F. Dirri, E. Palomba, A. Longobardo, D. Biondi, A. Boccaccini, E. Zampetti, B. Saggin, D. Scaccabarozzi, A. Tortora, A. Nanni, J. Alves, A. Tighe Outgassing from spacecraft materials often occurs and degassing contaminants can degrade critical spacecraft surfaces, such as optical systems, solar panels, thermal radiators and thermal management systems. The main contaminants are the water adsorbed by cold surface, organics from spacecraft structure, electronics, insulation and thrusters firings [1]. Thus, it is fundamental to monitor these low-outgassing rates especially in a long duration mission: Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) based sensors (i.e. single and double crystal configurations) are a suitable instruments to monitor step by step these degradation processes which occur in space conditions. The Contamination Assessment Microbalance (CAM) is a device aimed at monitoring in-orbit contamination of sensitive surfaces and payloads on ESA's future satellites. The device, developed by a consortium of Italian research Institutes, is based on QCM technology, previously considered by NASA and ESA experiments performed on Space Shuttle and satellite missions [2,3,4]. CAM is a low mass (200 grams for the sensor head), low volume (smaller than 5x5x5 cm3 for the sensor head) and low power consumption (less than 1.5 W) sensor. The device is composed by: 1) the Sensor Head, containing a sensing crystal (which measures the deposited contaminant mass), a reference crystal (used as frequency reference), their related Proximity Electronics (PE) and a Temperature Control System (TCS); 2) the Main Electronics Unit (MEU), which acquires the signal in output from Sensor Head unit; 3) the Harness connecting Sensor Head and MEU; 4) the User Interface (UI) to read and display the data. The device shows several improvements, i.e. possibility to measure directly the crystal temperature (with an accuracy better than 0.1°C), large measurable mass range (from 5•10-9 to 7•10-4 g/cm2

  2. Bipyridine- and phenanthroline-based metal-organic frameworks for highly efficient and tandem catalytic organic transformations via directed C-H activation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manna, Kuntal [Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Zhang, Teng [Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Greene, Francis X. [Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Lin, Wenbin [Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)


    We report here the synthesis of a series of robust and porous bipyridyl- and phenanthryl-based metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) of UiO topology (BPV-MOF, mBPV-MOF, and mPT-MOF) and their postsynthetic metalation to afford highly active single-site solid catalysts. While BPV-MOF was constructed from only bipyridyl-functionalized dicarboxylate linker, both mBPV- and mPT-MOF were built with a mixture of bipyridyl- or phenanthryl-functionalized and unfunctionalized dicarboxylate linkers. The postsynthetic metalation of these MOFs with [Ir(COD)(OMe)]2 provided Ir-functionalized MOFs (BPV-MOF-Ir, mBPV-MOF-Ir, and mPT-MOF-Ir), which are highly active catalysts for tandem hydrosilylation of aryl ketones and aldehydes followed by dehydrogenative ortho-silylation of benzylicsilyl ethers as well as C–H borylation of arenes using B₂pin₂. Both mBPV-MOF-Ir and mPT-MOF-Ir catalysts displayed superior activities compared to BPV-MOF-Ir due to the presence of larger open channels in the mixed-linker MOFs. Impressively, mBPV-MOF-Ir exhibited high TONs of up to 17000 for C–H borylation reactions and was recycled more than 15 times. The mPT-MOF-Ir system is also active in catalyzing tandem dehydrosilylation/dehydrogenative cyclization of N-methylbenzyl amines to azasilolanes in the absence of a hydrogen acceptor. Importantly, MOF-Ir catalysts are significantly more active (up to 95 times) and stable than their homogeneous counterparts for all three reactions, strongly supporting the beneficial effects of active site isolation within MOFs. This work illustrates the ability to increase MOF open channel sizes by using the mixed linker approach and shows the enormous potential of developing highly active and robust single-site solid catalysts based on MOFs containing nitrogen-donor ligands for important organic transformations.

  3. Android平台移动图书管理App的构建与实现%The Design and Implementation of Mobile Library Management App Based the Android

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙华林; 夏利青


    介绍了JSon轻量级数据交换格式和Android技术平台,分析了图书管理系统的功能需求,服务器端采用MVC模式、移动客户端基于Android平台、采用HttpClient进行通信,设计了移动图书管理系统的总体架构,并详细阐述了服务器端业务逻辑层、数据访问层的具体实现及移动端UI界面设计.通过实践表明,基于Android平台的移动图书管理系统给用户带来的更好的体验,更加方便、快捷、数字化地为广大师生提供了优质服务.%This paper introduces a lightweight JSon data format and Android platform, analyzes the functional requirements of li-brary management system, the server adopts MVC mode, the mobile client adopts Android platform, using HttpClient based commu-nication,designed the overall architecture of mobile library management system, and elaborates the design and Realization of the mobile terminal interface of UI , the logic layer,data access layer. The practice shows that, mobile library management system based on Android platform gives users a better experience, more convenient, fast, digital to provide high quality service for the ma-jority of teachers and students.

  4. Crustal uplift due to ice mass variability on Upernavik Isstrøm, west Greenland (United States)

    Nielsen, Karina; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas; Korsgaard, Niels J.; Kjær, Kurt H.; Wahr, John; Bevis, Michael; Stearns, Leigh A.; Timm, Lars H.


    We estimate the mass loss rate of Upernavik Isstrøm (UI) using surface elevation changes between a SPOT 5 Digital Elevation Model (DEM) from 2008 and NASA's Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM) data from 2010. To assess the validity of our mass loss estimate, we analyze GPS data between 2007 and 2011 from two continuous receivers, UPVK and SRMP which are established on bedrock and located ∼65 and ∼2 km from the front of UI, respectively. We construct along-track elevation changes on UI for several time intervals during 2005-2011, based on ATM, SPOT 5 and Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) data to assess temporal changes of UI. We estimate a mass loss rate of -6.7±4.2 Gt/yr, over an area of ∼1600 km2. The ice mass loss occurs primarily over the northern glacier of UI. This pattern is also observed ∼40 km upstream, where we observe glacier thinning at a rate of -1.6±0.3 m/yr across the northern portion of UI and -0.5±0.1 m/yr across the southern portion. GPS measurements suggest bedrock uplift rates of 7.6±0.6 mm/yr (UPVK) and 16.2±0.6 mm/yr (SRMP). The modeled ice mass loss of UI causes bedrock uplift rates of 1.3±0.6 mm/yr (UPVK) and 8.3±4.2 mm/yr (SRMP). Including additional contributions from ice mass changes outside UI and from Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA), we obtain total modeled uplift rates of 4.7±0.6 mm/yr (UPVK) and 13.8±4.2 mm/yr (SRMP). The modeled uplift rates from our UI ice mass loss are substantially lower, indicating that additional mass loss is taking place outside of UI. We obtain a difference of 0.6 mm/yr between the modeled and observed relative uplift rates (SRMP relative to UPVK), suggesting that the mass loss of UI is well captured in the model. We observe elevation changes from -15 to -40 m/yr near the front during the period 2005-2011, indicating that UI undergoes large variations in thinning pattern over short time spans.

  5. Installation Restoration Program Records Search for Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona. (United States)


    600 gal/yr). The corrosion remover consists of phosphoric acid, and the carbon remover consists of 10 percent butyl cellosolve, 20 percent monoethanol ... amine , and ethylene glycol ether. TheV final disposition of the PD 680, paint remover, corrosion remover, and carbon remover has been discharge to an...55 *~~~~~eh H. * .4 0dwf’.5 A. A Scale in AMINe 010 20 ;op- [ FIGURE 4. Physiographlc map. Ui L

  6. Multi-Sensor Consensus Estimation of State, Sensor Biases and Unknown Input. (United States)

    Zhou, Jie; Liang, Yan; Yang, Feng; Xu, Linfeng; Pan, Quan


    This paper addresses the problem of the joint estimation of system state and generalized sensor bias (GSB) under a common unknown input (UI) in the case of bias evolution in a heterogeneous sensor network. First, the equivalent UI-free GSB dynamic model is derived and the local optimal estimates of system state and sensor bias are obtained in each sensor node; Second, based on the state and bias estimates obtained by each node from its neighbors, the UI is estimated via the least-squares method, and then the state estimates are fused via consensus processing; Finally, the multi-sensor bias estimates are further refined based on the consensus estimate of the UI. A numerical example of distributed multi-sensor target tracking is presented to illustrate the proposed filter.

  7. Turn-on and Ratiometric Luminescent Sensing of Hydrogen Sulfide Based on Metal-Organic Frameworks. (United States)

    Zhang, Xin; Hu, Quan; Xia, Tifeng; Zhang, Jun; Yang, Yu; Cui, Yuanjing; Chen, Banglin; Qian, Guodong


    The sensing of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has become a long-time challenging task. In this work, we developed a general strategy for sensing of H2S utilizing postsynthetic modification of a nano metal-organic frameworks (MOF) UiO-66-(COOH)2 with Eu(3+) and Cu(2+) ions. The nano MOF Eu(3+)/Cu(2+)@UiO-66-(COOH)2 displays the characteristic Eu(3+) sharp emissions and the broad ligand-centered (LC) emission simultaneously. Because H2S can strongly increase the fluorescence of Eu(3+) and quench the broad LC emission through its superior affinity for Cu(2+) ions, the MOF Eu(3+)/Cu(2+)@UiO-66-(COOH)2 exhibits highly sensitive turn-on sensing of H2S over other environmentally and biologically relevant species under physiological conditions. Furthermore, this approach for fluorescent turn-on sensing of H2S is expected to extend to other water-stable MOFs containing uncoordinated -COOH.

  8. Camp Upshur, Marine Corps Base Quantico, VA Architectural Survey (United States)


    ERDC/CERL SR-09-11 viii Unit Conversion Factors Multiply By To Obtain acres 4,046.873 square meters degrees Fahrenheit (F-32)/1.8 degrees Celsius...Office 1952 No 451 26109 Chapel 1952 No 461 26110 Administrative Office 1952 No 473 26111 Administrative Office 1952 No 483 26112 Storage A/G...Floor Tile Replacement-Camp Upshur, Building 26110, floor plan, March 1962 ERDC/CERL SR-09-11 451 B ui ld in g 26 11 0 HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPHS

  9. Portraying User Interface History

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anker Helms


    in that they largely address prevailing UI techno­logies, and thirdly history from above in that they focus on the great deeds of the visionaries. The paper then compares this state-of-art in UI history to the much more mature fields history of computing and history of technology. Based hereon, some speculations......The user interface is coming of age. Papers adressing UI history have appeared in fair amounts in the last 25 years. Most of them address particular aspects such as an in­novative interface paradigm or the contribution of a visionary or a research lab. Contrasting this, papers addres­sing UI...... history at large have been sparse. However, a small spate of publications appeared recently, so a reasonable number of papers are available. Hence this work-in-progress paints a portrait of the current history of user interfaces at large. The paper first describes a theoretical framework recruited from...

  10. The menopause and urinary incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foldspang, Anders; Mommsen, Søren


    The objective was to study the possible role of the menopause in adult female urinary incontinence (UI) etiology, using a cross-sectional population study comprising a random sample of adult females and self-reported data based on postal questionnaires. The study group comprised 915 women who...... prevalence in 1987 of episodes of stress and urge urinary incontinence; prevalence of menopause and exposure to childbirth, gynecologic surgery, cystitis and obesity as indicated by body mass index more than 29; prevalence relative risks, as indicated by odds ratio of UI conditional on menopause and other...... the year of final menstruation. The findings suggest perimenopausal processes rather than the menopause in general to be responsible for an increased risk of developing UI. The elevation of UI prevalence in the perimenopause may reflect the adjustment of the female continence mechanism to function...

  11. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12914-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 11-0-UI.s1 UI-S-GU0 Euprymna scolo... 48 0.53 1 ( DW280559 ) UI-S-GU0-adp-g-01-0-UI.s1 UI-S-GU0 Euprymna scolo...... 48 0.53 1 ( DW280517 ) UI-S-GU0-ado-n-10-0-UI.s1 UI-S-GU0 Euprymna scolo...... 48 0.53 1 ( DW278184 ) UI-S-HH0-adg-p-07-0-UI.s1 UI-S-HH0 Euprymna scolo... 48 0.53 1 ( DW276774 ) UI-S-GU0...-acy-c-07-0-UI.s1 UI-S-GU0 Euprymna scolo... 48 0.53 1 ( DW276334 ) UI-S-GU0-acy-b-12-0-UI.s1 UI-S-GU0 Euprymna scolo...... 48 0.53 1 ( DW276306 ) UI-S-GU0-acx-k-15-0-UI.s1 UI-S-GU0 Euprymna scolo...

  12. Building a Relationship between Robot Characteristics and Teleoperation User Interfaces. (United States)

    Mortimer, Michael; Horan, Ben; Seyedmahmoudian, Mehdi


    The Robot Operating System (ROS) provides roboticists with a standardized and distributed framework for real-time communication between robotic systems using a microkernel environment. This paper looks at how ROS metadata, Unified Robot Description Format (URDF), Semantic Robot Description Format (SRDF), and its message description language, can be used to identify key robot characteristics to inform User Interface (UI) design for the teleoperation of heterogeneous robot teams. Logical relationships between UI components and robot characteristics are defined by a set of relationship rules created using relevant and available information including developer expertise and ROS metadata. This provides a significant opportunity to move towards a rule-driven approach for generating the designs of teleoperation UIs; in particular the reduction of the number of different UI configurations required to teleoperate each individual robot within a heterogeneous robot team. This approach is based on using an underlying rule set identifying robots that can be teleoperated using the same UI configuration due to having the same or similar robot characteristics. Aside from reducing the number of different UI configurations an operator needs to be familiar with, this approach also supports consistency in UI configurations when a teleoperator is periodically switching between different robots. To achieve this aim, a Matlab toolbox is developed providing users with the ability to define rules specifying the relationship between robot characteristics and UI components. Once rules are defined, selections that best describe the characteristics of the robot type within a particular heterogeneous robot team can be made. A main advantage of this approach is that rather than specifying discrete robots comprising the team, the user can specify characteristics of the team more generally allowing the system to deal with slight variations that may occur in the future. In fact, by using the

  13. Building a Relationship between Robot Characteristics and Teleoperation User Interfaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Mortimer


    Full Text Available The Robot Operating System (ROS provides roboticists with a standardized and distributed framework for real-time communication between robotic systems using a microkernel environment. This paper looks at how ROS metadata, Unified Robot Description Format (URDF, Semantic Robot Description Format (SRDF, and its message description language, can be used to identify key robot characteristics to inform User Interface (UI design for the teleoperation of heterogeneous robot teams. Logical relationships between UI components and robot characteristics are defined by a set of relationship rules created using relevant and available information including developer expertise and ROS metadata. This provides a significant opportunity to move towards a rule-driven approach for generating the designs of teleoperation UIs; in particular the reduction of the number of different UI configurations required to teleoperate each individual robot within a heterogeneous robot team. This approach is based on using an underlying rule set identifying robots that can be teleoperated using the same UI configuration due to having the same or similar robot characteristics. Aside from reducing the number of different UI configurations an operator needs to be familiar with, this approach also supports consistency in UI configurations when a teleoperator is periodically switching between different robots. To achieve this aim, a Matlab toolbox is developed providing users with the ability to define rules specifying the relationship between robot characteristics and UI components. Once rules are defined, selections that best describe the characteristics of the robot type within a particular heterogeneous robot team can be made. A main advantage of this approach is that rather than specifying discrete robots comprising the team, the user can specify characteristics of the team more generally allowing the system to deal with slight variations that may occur in the future. In fact, by

  14. In Vivo Targeting and Positron Emission Tomography Imaging of Tumor with Intrinsically Radioactive Metal-Organic Frameworks Nanomaterials. (United States)

    Chen, Daiqin; Yang, Dongzhi; Dougherty, Casey A; Lu, Weifei; Wu, Hongwei; He, Xianran; Cai, Ting; Van Dort, Marcian E; Ross, Brian D; Hong, Hao


    Nanoscale metal-organic frameworks (nMOF) materials represent an attractive tool for various biomedical applications. Due to the chemical versatility, enormous porosity, and tunable degradability of nMOFs, they have been adopted as carriers for delivery of imaging and/or therapeutic cargos. However, the relatively low stability of most nMOFs has limited practical in vivo applications. Here we report the production and characterization of an intrinsically radioactive UiO-66 nMOF ((89)Zr-UiO-66) with incorporation of positron-emitting isotope zirconium-89 ((89)Zr). (89)Zr-UiO-66 was further functionalized with pyrene-derived polyethylene glycol (Py-PGA-PEG) and conjugated with a peptide ligand (F3) to nucleolin for targeting of triple-negative breast tumors. Doxorubicin (DOX) was loaded onto UiO-66 with a relatively high loading capacity (1 mg DOX/mg UiO-66) and served as both a therapeutic cargo and a fluorescence visualizer in this study. Functionalized (89)Zr-UiO-66 demonstrated strong radiochemical and material stability in different biological media. Based on the findings from cellular targeting and in vivo positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, we can conclude that (89)Zr-UiO-66/Py-PGA-PEG-F3 can serve as an image-guidable, tumor-selective cargo delivery nanoplatform. In addition, toxicity evaluation confirmed that properly PEGylated UiO-66 did not impose acute or chronic toxicity to the test subjects. With selective targeting of nucleolin on both tumor vasculature and tumor cells, this intrinsically radioactive nMOF can find broad application in cancer theranostics.

  15. Modular user interface design for integrated surgical workplaces. (United States)

    Benzko, Julia; Krause, Lisa; Janß, Armin; Marschollek, Björn; Merz, Paul; Dell'Anna, Jasmin; Radermacher, Klaus


    Severe bottlenecks in usability and human technology interaction (HTI) of existing surgical workplaces and operating room (OR) equipment can occur today: lack of space, cable as trip hazard, communication problems between sterile and non-sterile staff, and operating errors in the handling of the medical devices. In fact, risks that are caused by poor usability can be critical, and studies show that most are preventable. This issue gets even more challenging in the context of open-OR networks regarding consistent and usable integration of user interfaces (UIs) of independently designed systems in one integrated surgical work system. In this work, a concept of generic UI profiles for the modular integration of a UI has been developed and first prototypes have been implemented. The concept is essentially based on the approach of device profiles developed in the context of the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung project OR.NET ( We developed generic UI profiles to map the different interfaces of the medical devices on an integrated surgical UI. The integrated UI design shall be automatically verified according to agreed usability criteria, guidelines, and human error taxonomies.

  16. How to Improve the Production Process for interactive TV with semi-formal Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Alders


    Full Text Available The central question for this paper is how to improve the production process by closing the gap between industrial designers and software engineers of television(TV-based User Interfaces (UI in an industrial environment. Software engineers are highly interested whether one UI design can be converted into several fully functional UIs for TV products with different screen properties. The aim of the software engineers is to apply automatic layout and scaling in order to speed up and improve the production process. However, the question is whether a UI design lends itself for such automatic layout and scaling. This is investigated by analysing a prototype UI design done by industrial designers. In a first requirements study, industrial designers had created meta-annotations on top of their UI design in order to disclose their design rationale for discussions with software engineers. In a second study, five (out of ten industrial designers assessed the potential of four different meta-annotation approaches. The question was which annotation method industrial designers would prefer and whether it could satisfy the technical requirements of the software engineering process. One main result is that the industrial designers preferred the method they were already familiar with, which therefore seems to be the most effective one although the main objective of automatic layout and scaling could still not be achieved.

  17. Treatment seeking behavior for urinary incontinence among north Indian women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumari Santosh


    Full Text Available Background: Urinary incontinence is a common but neglected problem of women. Aims: To ascertain the treatment seeking behavior of north Indian women having urinary incontinence (UI. Setting: Two residential colonies of Chandigarh. DESIGN: Cross-sectional face-to-face interview based study. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted by a trained nurse during April 2005-July 2005 among women aged 18 years and above. Women with UI were identified in a screening survey. They were interviewed individually regarding their treatment seeking behavior and socio-demographic data. Statistical Analysis Used: Percentage, mean, standard deviation, chi-square test. Results: Of the 220 enlisted incontinent women 20% (44 women consulted some health agency. Only 8.6% (19 women had heard about pelvic floor muscle exercises. Seventy-two percent (158 cases had UI for more than one year. The most common reason quoted for not seeking treatment was, ′UI was considered as ′normal′, ′did not take it seriously′ and ′shyness.′ Many (153;70% women reported that UI affected their daily routine as well as social activities like shopping and visiting friends. Conclusion: Urinary incontinence seriously affected the quality of life of women. Still, consultation rate for UI was low in the north Indian women.

  18. A quality of life survey of individuals with urinary incontinence who visit a self-help website: implications for those seeking healthcare information. (United States)

    Rozensky, Ronald H; Tovian, Steven M; Gartley, Cheryle B; Nichols, Thom R; Layton, Matthew


    Urinary Incontinence (UI) affects 200 million people worldwide with annual direct costs in the US alone estimated at $16.3 billion. Those with UI have reported a decrease in general quality of life with symptoms of depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, poor body image, and social stigmatization. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of collecting self-reported quality of life data in a self-selected sample of individuals who visited a website providing information, education, and management suggestions regarding UI. Participants included 374 individuals with UI who responded to a solicitation for enrollment in a "Continence Comprehensive Health and Life Assessment" survey posted on The Simon Foundation for Continence website ( Types of problems and events associated with UI, including social connectivity and quality of life, are discussed along with limitations of the study and implications for future research. Given that 13.01% of respondents had not spoken to a healthcare provider about their UI symptoms, 24.73% had never seen a healthcare professional who "specializes in bladder problems," and 75% said they were not currently using any active approach to managing symptoms, use of such information is discussed in terms of how to construct internet healthcare information to maximize seeking appropriate healthcare services and preparing internet-based information regarding incontinence diagnosis and treatment.

  19. Wireless Mobile Technology to Improve Workflow and Feasibility of MR-Guided Percutaneous Interventions (United States)

    Rube, Martin A.; Holbrook, Andrew B.; Cox, Benjamin F.; Buciuc, Razvan; Melzer, Andreas


    Purpose A wireless interactive display and control device combined with a platform-independent web-based User Interface (UI) was developed to improve the workflow for interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (iMRI). Methods The iMRI-UI enables image acquisition of up to three independent slices using various pulse sequences with different contrast weighting. Pulse sequence, scan geometry and related parameters can be changed on the fly via the iMRI-UI using a tablet computer for improved lesion detection and interventional device targeting. The iMRI-UI was validated for core biopsies with a liver phantom (n=40) and Thiel soft-embalmed human cadavers (n=24) in a clinical 1.5T MRI scanner. Results The iMRI-UI components and setup were tested and found conditionally MRI-safe to use according to current ASTM standards. Despite minor temporary touchscreen interference at a close distance to the bore (<20 cm), no other issues regarding quality or imaging artefacts were observed. The 3D root-mean-square distance error was 2.8±1.0 (phantom) / 2.9±0.8 mm (cadaver) and overall procedure times ranged between 12–22 (phantom) / 20–55 minutes (cadaver). Conclusions The wireless iMRI-UI control setup enabled fast and accurate interventional biopsy needle placements along complex trajectories and improved the workflow for percutaneous interventions under MRI guidance in a preclinical trial. PMID:25179151

  20. Lotus Base

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mun, Terry; Bachmann, Asger; Gupta, Vikas


    exploration of Lotus genomic and transcriptomic data. Equally important are user-friendly in-browser tools designed for data visualization and interpretation. Here, we present Lotus Base, which opens to the research community a large, established LORE1 insertion mutant population containing an excess of 120...... such data, allowing users to construct, visualize, and annotate co-expression gene networks. Lotus Base takes advantage of modern advances in browser technology to deliver powerful data interpretation for biologists. Its modular construction and publicly available application programming interface enable...... developers to tap into the wealth of integrated Lotus data. Lotus Base is freely accessible at:

  1. Touch BASE

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso


    In a recent Nature article (see here), the BASE collaboration reported the most precise comparison of the charge-to-mass ratio of the proton to its antimatter equivalent, the antiproton. This result is just the beginning and many more challenges lie ahead.   CERN's AD Hall, where the BASE experiment is set-up. The Baryon Antibaryon Symmetry Experiment (BASE) was approved in June 2013 and was ready to take data in August 2014. During these 14 months, the BASE collaboration worked hard to set up its four cryogenic Penning traps, which are the heart of the whole experiment. As their name indicates, these magnetic devices are used to trap antiparticles – antiprotons coming from the Antiproton Decelerator – and particles of matter – negative hydrogen ions produced in the system by interaction with a degrader that slows the antiprotons down, allowing scientists to perform their measurements. “We had very little time to set up the wh...

  2. 设计模式在BREW UI系统中的应用%Design Patterns Application in BREW UI System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    奚福来; 王晓蔚


    MVC pattern and the Decorator pattern is a Graphic User Interface design and implementation of the common pattems.Qualcomm's BREW platform to provide its GUI system(BUIW),in order to facilitate the OEM manufacturers and software development company's expansion,its implementation in the extensive use of design patterns.This choice of which applications are more typical of the two MVC and the Decorator design pattern to describe and analyze.%MVC模式和Decorator模式是Graphic User Interface设计实现中的常用模式。高通在其BREW平台上提供的GUI系统(BUIW),为了便于OEM厂商和软件开发公司的扩展,在其实现中大量使用了设计模式。本文选择其中应用比较多,比较典型的两种设计模式MVC和Decorator进行描述和分析。

  3. Beginning iPhone and iPad Web Apps HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript, UI Design, and Mobile Web Standards

    CERN Document Server

    Apers, Chris


    This book will help you join the thousands of successful iPhone App developers without needing to learn Objective-C or the Cocoa touch APIs. If you want to apply your existing web development skills to iPhone and iPad development, then now you can. WebKit's support for HTML5 means any web developer can create compelling apps for both the iPhone and the larger-screen iPad. Beginning iPhone & iPad Web Apps takes you through the latest mobile web standards as well as the specific features of the iPhone and iPad. You'll learn about WebKit and Mobile Safari, HTML5 and CSS3, vector graphics and mult

  4. 基于MVC4+WebAPI+EasyUI+Knockout的木材国际贸易B/S系统开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    随着我国木材的消费的增长,国内木材的产量已不能满足市场的需求量。另外,国内对于一些国内稀有的木材资源的需求日益增加,对于木材进口的依赖加重。因此,迫切需要一套可以有效管理和控制木材国际贸易的管理系统,并且能够迎合国际木材贸易的准则。结合C/S和B/S系统的相关优劣势,从架构设计开始,首先建立了系统的功能架构、技术架构,以及项目设计的功能目标,最终选择B/S设计模式。本文就如何创建一套有机的木材国际贸易系统进行系统表述。绪论部分主要阐述了课题的研究背景、相关系统在国内外的发展现状及分析和接下来要完成的主要工作和论文构造描述,阐明了系统需要解决的主要问题。其次介绍开发中所用到的相关技术的论述。接下来是对需求及系统模块进行分析。再次是系统的具体设计和实现,包括数据库的设计、主页面的设计以及Person Manager模块、Customer Manager模块、Salesorder Manager模块、Purchase Manager模块、Inventory Manager模块、Document Manager模块、Logistics Manager、Acounting Manager模块、System Manager模块9大功能模块具体描述。最后是系统的设计与实现,描述了系统的管理和对系统的各个模块的功能测试结果。

  5. Validating UX and UI Elements for Serious Children’s Language Learning Games : Case studies: Lola’s Alphabet Train and Kids Learn To Read


    Räsänen, Laura


    Digital games as tools in children’s language learning have great positive potential. They provide an alternative to traditional learning methods and challenge them and studies show that they have worked successfully in teaching kids a specific problem. They can be used as tools in schools and in preparation for school depending on their educational content and even be integrated into the curriculum. The choices in graphic design in serious games have a large impact on the usability, play...

  6. Web-Based Urban Metabolic Mapping for Bangalore, India (United States)

    Mehta, V. K.; Kemp-Benedict, E.; Wang, G.; Malghan, D.


    Cities are like living entities, needing a continuous throughput of resources and energy for survival and growth, creating waste in the process. This paper documents the Bangalore Urban Mapping Project: an initiative that uses this metabolic concept [1],[2]. to inform comprehensive planning in the rapidly growing software capital of Bangalore city in India. Focusing on demographic growth, and water supply and consumption in its first phase, a web-based geo-portal has been developed for two purposes - interactive information communication and delivery, and online planning in the water supply sector. The application, titled Bangalore Urban Mapping Project (BUMP) is built on a free and open source web GIS stack consisting of a Postgis database, PHP, OpenLayers, and Apache Web Server deployed on a 64-bit Ubuntu Linux server platform. The interactive planning portion of the application allows BUMP users to build, run and visualize demographic growth, water supply, and growth scenarios on the browser. Application logic is written in PHP to connect the many components of the interactive application, which is available on the BUMP website ( It relies on AJAX to fetch layer data from the server and render the layer using OpenLayers on the fly. This allows users to view multiple layers at the same time without refreshing the page. Data is packed in GeoJSON format and is compressed to reduce traffic. The information communication portion of the application provides thematic representation of each of twenty different map layers, graphical and tabular summaries of demographic and water data that are presented dynamically using Javascript libraries including the Google Chart API. The application also uses other common Javascript libraries/plug-ins, like jQuery, jQuery UI, qTip, to ease the development and to ensure cross-browser compatibility. The planning portion of the platform allows the user to interact with a scenario explorer

  7. Development and research on the voxelized dose program based on AAPM TG-43 for the brachtherapy combined with EBRT%内外联合照射剂量计算方法的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彬冰; 狄小云; 李林飞; 毛仙芝; 陈维军; Anupama HA


    目的 基于TG-43U1号报告剂量算法开发体元化的铱-192后装剂量计算程序,通过该程序将两个不同治疗计划系统的内外照射计算结果叠加、计算并显示总剂量分布.方法 在开发的后装铱-192剂量计算程序中,根据Nucletron Plato治疗计划系统中读取的后装治疗计划的治疗信息(放射源强度、驻留位置、驻留时间等),重建出参照ADAC治疗计划系统坐标的后装源驻留位置,并重新计算后装治疗计划的三维剂量分布.计算结果经开发的程序转换并输入到ADAC计划系统,在ADAC中重建后装剂量分布并和ADAC外照射计划的剂量分布结果相叠加.结果 根据TG-43U1号报告算法编写的程序剂量计算结果和Nucletron的Plato治疗计划系统得到的计算结果完全一致,误差<0.1%.同时,该计算结果可以在ADAC计划系统上和其他外照射计划进行叠加.结论 笔者编写的铱-192后装剂量计算程序能使不同治疗计划系统的内外照射计算结果叠加,有一定的临床使用价值.%Objective To develop a brachtherapy (BT) dose calculation program based on AAPM TG-43UI formula.With this program we can combine the dose result of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and BT together which is calculated by the different treatment planning TPS.Methods BT treatment data, such as source parameter, dwelling position and dwelling time, are retrieved from Nucletron Plato planning system and converted to ADAC planning system coordinate.The BT 3D dose distribution is re-calculated as well.Then the 3D dose distribution is exported to ADAC planning system.In that way, ADAC planning system can display either the EBRT dose or the BT dose and the combined dose can be calculated, displayed and evaluated as well.Results BT dose calculation result of our program which based on AAPM TG-43UI formula is identical with which of Plato (<0.1%).Furthermore, the BT dose can be transfer to the ADAC easily and the dose distributions of

  8. Web based foundry knowledge base

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Stawowy


    Full Text Available The main assumptions and functions of proposed Foundry Knowledge Base (FKB are presented in this paper. FKB is a framework forinformation exchange of casting products and manufacturing methods. We use CMS (Content Management System to develope andmaintain our web-based system. The CastML – XML dialect developed by authors for description of casting products and processes – isused as a tool for information interchange between ours and outside systems, while SQL is used to store and edit knowledge rules and alsoto solve the basic selection problems in the rule-based module. Besides the standard functions (companies data, news, events, forums and media kit, our website contains a number of nonstandard functions; the intelligent search module based on expert system is the main advantage of our solution. FKB is to be a social portal which content will be developed by foundry community.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫礼平; 周恺卿; 张兆海


    The input method of square Hmong language characters is an important issue of Hmong language information processing research.Input method manager-input method editor (IMM-IME)runs as a kernel component of Windows multi-lingual support system,it provides strong support for the development of the keyboard input method program in Windows environment.On the basis of analysing the glyph features,the coding design and font creation methods of square Hmong language characters are studied.Combined with Windows IMM-IME architecture analysis,we focus on the realisation of the IME conversion interface (CI)and the IME user interface (UI),the specific implementation process of square Hmong language characters keyboard input method,which is based on Windows platform,is introduced as well.%方块苗文输入法是苗文信息处理研究的重要内容。输入法管理器-输入法编辑器(IMM-IME)是 Windows 提供的多语言支持的核心组件之一,为 Windows 环境下键盘输入法程序的开发提供了强有力的支持。在分析字形特点的基础上,研究方块苗文编码设计和字库创建的方法;结合 Windows IMM-IME 结构分析,以 IME 转换接口(CI)和 IME 用户界面(UI)的实现为重点,介绍Windows 平台下接口式方块苗文键盘输入法的具体实现过程。

  10. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U05363-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FGAS: TaLt5 Triticum... 44 6.6 1 ( CK840546 ) UI-R-AF0-yd-a-08-0-UI.s10 UI-R-AF0 Rattus norvegi... 44 6.6 1 ( CA510523 ) UI-R-FJ0-cpu...-i-23-0-UI.r1 UI-R-FJ0 Rattus norvegi... 44 6.6 1 ( CA503467 ) UI-R-FJ0-cpu

  11. A model-driven approach for developing three-dimensional user interfaces of information systems in a principle-based way


    Gonzalez Calleros, Juan Manuel


    Since many years, 3D interactive systems have demonstrated some benefits in reproducing adequately the reality, in improving it, and even in augmenting it by providing the user with unprecedented actions. 3D User Interfaces (UIs) are becoming the primary subject of interest of a growing community of researchers and developers adopting different approaches for specifying and creating 3DUIs. Providing development methods and software support for 3DUIs is a complex problem. In this thesis, we...

  12. Installation Restoration Program Records Search for George Air Force Base, California (United States)


    LEP FIGREk GORGE AF 17 In the vicinity of the flightline, office, and residential areas, the drainage system consists of storm drains gutters, culverts...34 0 Q 15 6 6 IUII1󈧅’ALI lUI SCORE 4 If IS ’ t2 0 (FACtor lcor• OJ.vlded by~ Scor• and Multiplied by 100) . . 15 < 0 ’𔃻 ,, , ,, 10...Area 0i~JOR borg API. California, OM110,111 5CRIP11TIOW: Fuel SITE MTEDW t BY chael Km*p R~fiiFactor Possible 11itina Factor LQmZL O3ialr Jggr. ..crL. A

  13. Fluorescent molecule incorporated metal-organic framework for fluoride sensing in aqueous solution (United States)

    Zhao, Xudong; Wang, Yuanyang; Hao, Xiuli; Liu, Wen


    In this work, the fluorescent molecule (fluorescein sodium, FS) was successfully incorporated in the zirconium-based MOF (UiO-66) via in-situ synthesis method, which can be confirmed by FTIR spectra and fluorescence microscopic images. Based on this in-situ synthesis strategy, FS molecule can be immobilized tightly in the framework. Furthermore, the resulting FS@UiO-66 demonstrates to be a highly selective, real-time and naked-eye chemical sensor for fluoride in aqueous solution, which is mainly due to the release of FS molecule from FS@UiO-66 into the aqueous solution. Meanwhile, to the best of our knowledge, such Zr-MOF-based fluoride sensor is very rare so far. These results provide a promising approach to rationally design novel MOF-based fluorescent sensor for the target molecules.

  14. Markov chain decision model for urinary incontinence procedures. (United States)

    Kumar, Sameer; Ghildayal, Nidhi; Ghildayal, Neha


    Purpose Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common chronic health condition, a problem specifically among elderly women that impacts quality of life negatively. However, UI is usually viewed as likely result of old age, and as such is generally not evaluated or even managed appropriately. Many treatments are available to manage incontinence, such as bladder training and numerous surgical procedures such as Burch colposuspension and Sling for UI which have high success rates. The purpose of this paper is to analyze which of these popular surgical procedures for UI is effective. Design/methodology/approach This research employs randomized, prospective studies to obtain robust cost and utility data used in the Markov chain decision model for examining which of these surgical interventions is more effective in treating women with stress UI based on two measures: number of quality adjusted life years (QALY) and cost per QALY. Treeage Pro Healthcare software was employed in Markov decision analysis. Findings Results showed the Sling procedure is a more effective surgical intervention than the Burch. However, if a utility greater than certain utility value, for which both procedures are equally effective, is assigned to persistent incontinence, the Burch procedure is more effective than the Sling procedure. Originality/value This paper demonstrates the efficacy of a Markov chain decision modeling approach to study the comparative effectiveness analysis of available treatments for patients with UI, an important public health issue, widely prevalent among elderly women in developed and developing countries. This research also improves upon other analyses using a Markov chain decision modeling process to analyze various strategies for treating UI.

  15. Crustal uplift due to ice mass variability on Upernavik Isstroem, west Greenland (United States)

    Nielsen, K.; Khan, S. A.; Korsgaard, N.; Kjaer, K. H.; Wahr, J. M.; Bevis, M. G.; Stearns, L. A.; Timm, L. H.


    We estimate the mass loss rate of Upernavik Isstroem using surface elevation changes between a SPOT 5 Digital Elevation Model (DEM) from 2008 and NASA's Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM) data from 2010. To assess the validity of our mass loss estimate, we analyze GPS data between 2007 and 2011 from two continuous receivers, UPVK and SRMP which are established on bedrock and located ~65 and ~2 km from the front of UI, respectively. We construct along-track elevation changes on UI for several time intervals during 2005 - 2011, based on ATM, SPOT 5 and Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) data to assess temporal changes of UI. We estimate a mass loss rate of -6.7 +/- 4.2 Gt/yr, over an area of ~1600 km^2. The ice mass loss occurs primarily over the northern glacier of UI. This pattern is also observed ~40 km upstream, where we observe glacier thinning at a rate of -1.6 +/- 0.3 m/yr across the northern portion of UI and -0.5 +/-0.1 m/yr across the southern portion. We obtain a difference of 0.6 mm/yr between the modeled and observed relative uplift rates at SRMP relative to UPVK, suggesting that the mass loss of UI is well captured in the model. We observe elevation changes from -15 to -40 m/yr near the front during the period 2005 - 2011, indicating that UI undergoes large variations in thinning pattern over short time spans.

  16. A 3PG-based Model to Simulate Delta-13C Content in Three Tree Species in The Mica Creek Experiment Watershed, Idaho (United States)

    Wei, L.; Marshall, J. D.


    3PG (Physiological Principles in Predicting Growth), a process-based physiological model of forest productivity, has been widely used and well validated. Based on 3PG, a 3PG-δ13C model to simulate δ13C content in plant tissue is built in this research. 3PG calculates carbon assimilation from utilizable absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), and calculates stomatal conductance from maximum canopy conductance multiplied by physiological modifier which includes the effect of water vapor deficit and soil water. Then the equation of Farquhar and Sharkey (1982) was used to calculate δ13C content in plant. Five even-aged coniferous forest stands located near Clarkia, Idaho (47°15'N, 115°25'W) in Mica Creek Experimental Watershed, were chosen to test the model, (2 stands had been partial cut (50% canopy removal in 1990) and 3 were uncut). MCEW has been extensively investigated since 1990 and many necessary parameters needed for 3PG are readily available. Each of these sites is located near a UI Meteorological station, which recorded half-hourly climatic data since 2003. These site-specific climatic data were extend to 1991 by correlating with data from a nearby SNOTEL station (SNOwpack TELemetry, NRCS, 47°9' N, 116°16' W). Forest mensuration data were obtained form each stand using variable radius plots (VRP). Three tree species, which consist more than 95% of all trees, were parameterized for 3PG model, including: grand fir (Abies grandis Donn ex D. Don), western red cedar (Thuja plicat Donn ex D. Don a) and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca (Beissn.) Franco). Because 4 out of 5 stands have mixed species, we also used parameters for mixed stands to run the model. To stabilize, the model was initially run under average climatic data for 20 years, and then run under the actual climatic data from 1991 to 2006. As 3PG runs in a monthly time step, monthly δ13C values were calculated first, and then yearly values were calculated by weighted

  17. Anchoring of Cu(II) onto surface of porous metal-organic framework through post-synthesis modification for the synthesis of benzimidazoles and benzothiazoles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kardanpour, Reihaneh; Tangestaninejad, Shahram, E-mail:; Mirkhani, Valiollah, E-mail:; Moghadam, Majid, E-mail:; Mohammadpoor-Baltork, Iraj; Zadehahmadi, Farnaz


    Efficient synthesis of various benzimidazoles and benzothiazoles under mild conditions catalyzed by Cu(II) anchored onto UiO-66–NH{sub 2} metal organic framework is reported. In this manner, first, the aminated UiO-66 was modified with thiophene-2-carbaldehyde and then the prepared Schiff base was reacted with CuCl{sub 2}. The prepared catalyst was characterized by FT-IR, UV–vis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), N{sub 2} adsorption, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The UiO-66–NH{sub 2}–TC–Cu was applied as a highly efficient catalyst for synthesis of benzimidazole and benzothiazole derivatives by the reaction of aldehydes with 1,2-diaminobenzene or 2-aminothiophenol. The Cu(II)-containing MOF was reused several times without any appreciable loss of its efficiency. - Graphical abstract: Efficient synthesis of benzimidazoles and benzothiazoles catalyzed by Cu(II) anchored onto UiO-66–NH{sub 2} metal organic framework is reported. - Highlights: • A copper Schiff base was immobilized on UiO-66 via postsynthetic modification. • The modified MOFs were fully characterized by a variety of methods. • The catalyst was used for the preparation of benzimidazoles and benzothiazoles. • In comparison of other catalysts, our catalyst was more efficient and forceful.

  18. US NDC Modernization Iteration E2 Prototyping Report: User Interface Framework

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, Jennifer E. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Palmer, Melanie A. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Vickers, James Wallace [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Voegtli, Ellen M. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)


    During the second iteration of the US NDC Modernization Elaboration phase (E2), the SNL US NDC Modernization project team completed follow-on Rich Client Platform (RCP) exploratory prototyping related to the User Interface Framework (UIF). The team also developed a survey of browser-based User Interface solutions and completed exploratory prototyping for selected solutions. This report presents the results of the browser-based UI survey, summarizes the E2 browser-based UI and RCP prototyping work, and outlines a path forward for the third iteration of the Elaboration phase (E3).

  19. Foundation: Transforming data bases into knowledge bases (United States)

    Purves, R. B.; Carnes, James R.; Cutts, Dannie E.


    One approach to transforming information stored in relational data bases into knowledge based representations and back again is described. This system, called Foundation, allows knowledge bases to take advantage of vast amounts of pre-existing data. A benefit of this approach is inspection, and even population, of data bases through an intelligent knowledge-based front-end.

  20. Eficacia de la utilización de estilos de aprendizaje en conjunto con mapas conceptuales y aprendizaje basado en la resolución de problemas para el aprendizaje de neuroanatomía Effectiveness of using learning styles in conjunction with conceptual maps based learning and problem solving for teaching neuroanatomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.O. Ayala-Pimentel


    Full Text Available Introducción. La utilización combinada de estilos de aprendizaje en conjunto con mapas conceptuales y el empleo de aprendizaje basado en la resolución de problemas (EMCRP es una nueva estrategia educativa. Objetivo. Evaluar la eficacia de la utilización del método EMCRP en la adquisición de aprendizaje significativo de neuroanatomía, comparado con el método usual de aprendizaje en estudiantes de fisioterapia, que cursaron la asignatura morfofisiología general en la Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS entre los años 2004 y 2007. Sujetos y métodos. Se utilizó un diseño experimental con participantes aleatorizados asignados a dos grupos con una relación 1 a 1. En el grupo intervenido se empleó el método EMCRP y en el control el método tradicional de enseñanza. Después de un año se evaluó la adquisición de aprendizaje significativo para determinar el rendimiento del método EMCRP. Resultados. Se estudiaron 55 estudiantes. La edad media fue de 23 años y la razón mujer-hombre fue de 3 a 1. Al evaluar a los estudiantes después de un año de la intervención, 15 del grupo intervenido reprobaron el examen frente a 26 del grupo control (55 frente a 92%; p = 0,002. Se determinó una reducción del riesgo absoluto de 0,37 (intervalo de confianza al 95% = 0,16-0,56 y número necesario para tratar de 2,7 (intervalo de confianza al 95% = 1,7-6,3. Conclusión. La adquisición de un aprendizaje significativo fue mayor en el grupo intervenido, evidenciado por una menor proporción de suspendidos importante en comparación con el grupo control, con un número de estudiantes bajo a intervenir para que se produzcan resultados favorables.Introduction. The use of learning styles combined with concept maps and the use of learning based on the resolution of problems (LSCMLRP are a new educational strategy. Aim. To evaluate the effectiveness of the method LSCMLRP in the acquisition of significant learning of neuroanatomy, compared with the

  1. Evaluating the Usability of Pinchigator, a system for Navigating Virtual Worlds using Pinch Gloves (United States)

    Hamilton, George S.; Brookman, Stephen; Dumas, Joseph D. II; Tilghman, Neal


    Appropriate design of two dimensional user interfaces (2D U/I) utilizing the well known WIMP (Window, Icon, Menu, Pointing device) environment for computer software is well studied and guidance can be found in several standards. Three-dimensional U/I design is not nearly so mature as 2D U/I, and standards bodies have not reached consensus on what makes a usable interface. This is especially true when the tools for interacting with the virtual environment may include stereo viewing, real time trackers and pinch gloves instead of just a mouse & keyboard. Over the last several years the authors have created a 3D U/I system dubbed Pinchigator for navigating virtual worlds based on the dVise dV/Mockup visualization software, Fakespace Pinch Gloves and Pohlemus trackers. The current work is to test the usability of the system on several virtual worlds, suggest improvements to increase Pinchigator s usability, and then to generalize about what was learned and how those lessons might be applied to improve other 3D U/I systems.

  2. Crustal uplift due to ice mass variability on Upernavik Isstrøm, west Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Karina; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas; Korsgaard, Niels J.


    We estimate the mass loss rate of Upernavik Isstrøm (UI) using surface elevation changes between a SPOT 5 Digital Elevation Model (DEM) from 2008 and NASA's Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM) data from 2010. To assess the validity of our mass loss estimate, we analyze GPS data between 2007 and 2011...... from two continuous receivers, UPVK and SRMP which are established on bedrock and located ∼65 and View the MathML source from the front of UI, respectively. We construct along-track elevation changes on UI for several time intervals during 2005–2011, based on ATM, SPOT 5 and Ice, Cloud, and land...... Elevation Satellite (ICESat) data to assess temporal changes of UI. We estimate a mass loss rate of −6.7±4.2 Gt/yr, over an area of View the MathML source. The ice mass loss occurs primarily over the northern glacier of UI. This pattern is also observed View the MathML source upstream, where we observe...

  3. Unemployment duration and unemployment insurance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røed, Knut; Jensen, Peter; Thoursie, Anna


    Based on pooled register data from Norway and Sweden, we find that differences in unemployment duration patterns reflect dissimilarities in unemployment insurance (UI) systems in a way that convincingly establishes the link between economic incentives and job search behaviour. Specifically, UI...... benefits are relatively more generous for low-income workers in Sweden than in Norway, leading to relatively longer unemployment spells for low-income workers in Sweden. Based on the between-countries variation in replacement ratios, we find that the elasticity of the outflow rate from insured unemployment...

  4. The Effect of Unemployment Insurance Exhaustion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie; Weatherall, Cecilie Dohlmann

    In this article we investigate how the long-term unemployed react to the threat of running out of unemployment insurance (UI) in a system in which other social benefits are available. The empirical analysis is based on very precise administrative records of unemployment spells in Denmark. To iden......In this article we investigate how the long-term unemployed react to the threat of running out of unemployment insurance (UI) in a system in which other social benefits are available. The empirical analysis is based on very precise administrative records of unemployment spells in Denmark...

  5. World Health Organization Estimates of the Global and Regional Disease Burden of 11 Foodborne Parasitic Diseases, 2010: A Data Synthesis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul R Torgerson


    Full Text Available Foodborne diseases are globally important, resulting in considerable morbidity and mortality. Parasitic diseases often result in high burdens of disease in low and middle income countries and are frequently transmitted to humans via contaminated food. This study presents the first estimates of the global and regional human disease burden of 10 helminth diseases and toxoplasmosis that may be attributed to contaminated food.Data were abstracted from 16 systematic reviews or similar studies published between 2010 and 2015; from 5 disease data bases accessed in 2015; and from 79 reports, 73 of which have been published since 2000, 4 published between 1995 and 2000 and 2 published in 1986 and 1981. These included reports from national surveillance systems, journal articles, and national estimates of foodborne diseases. These data were used to estimate the number of infections, sequelae, deaths, and Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs, by age and region for 2010. These parasitic diseases, resulted in 48.4 million cases (95% Uncertainty intervals [UI] of 43.4-79.0 million and 59,724 (95% UI 48,017-83,616 deaths annually resulting in 8.78 million (95% UI 7.62-12.51 million DALYs. We estimated that 48% (95% UI 38%-56% of cases of these parasitic diseases were foodborne, resulting in 76% (95% UI 65%-81% of the DALYs attributable to these diseases. Overall, foodborne parasitic disease, excluding enteric protozoa, caused an estimated 23.2 million (95% UI 18.2-38.1 million cases and 45,927 (95% UI 34,763-59,933 deaths annually resulting in an estimated 6.64 million (95% UI 5.61-8.41 million DALYs. Foodborne Ascaris infection (12.3 million cases, 95% UI 8.29-22.0 million and foodborne toxoplasmosis (10.3 million cases, 95% UI 7.40-14.9 million were the most common foodborne parasitic diseases. Human cysticercosis with 2.78 million DALYs (95% UI 2.14-3.61 million, foodborne trematodosis with 2.02 million DALYs (95% UI 1.65-2.48 million and foodborne


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zailiang TANG


    In this paper, the behaviors of involutive bases under composition operation are studied.For two kinds of involutive bases, i.e., Pommaret bases, Janet bases, we study their behavior problems under composition. Some further problems are also proposed.

  7. Anchoring of Cu(II) onto surface of porous metal-organic framework through post-synthesis modification for the synthesis of benzimidazoles and benzothiazoles (United States)

    Kardanpour, Reihaneh; Tangestaninejad, Shahram; Mirkhani, Valiollah; Moghadam, Majid; Mohammadpoor-Baltork, Iraj; Zadehahmadi, Farnaz


    Efficient synthesis of various benzimidazoles and benzothiazoles under mild conditions catalyzed by Cu(II) anchored onto UiO-66-NH2 metal organic framework is reported. In this manner, first, the aminated UiO-66 was modified with thiophene-2-carbaldehyde and then the prepared Schiff base was reacted with CuCl2. The prepared catalyst was characterized by FT-IR, UV-vis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), N2 adsorption, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The UiO-66-NH2-TC-Cu was applied as a highly efficient catalyst for synthesis of benzimidazole and benzothiazole derivatives by the reaction of aldehydes with 1,2-diaminobenzene or 2-aminothiophenol. The Cu(II)-containing MOF was reused several times without any appreciable loss of its efficiency.

  8. Analysis of correlation between initial alveolar bone density and apical root resorption after 12 months of orthodontic treatment without extraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Cabrini Scheibel


    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between initial alveolar bone density of upper central incisors (ABD-UI and external apical root resorption (EARR after 12 months of orthodontic movement in cases without extraction. METHODS: A total of 47 orthodontic patients 11 years old or older were submitted to periapical radiography of upper incisors prior to treatment (T1 and after 12 months of treatment (T2. ABD-UI and EARR were measured by means of densitometry. RESULTS: No statistically significant correlation was found between initial ABD-UI and EARR at T2 (r = 0.149; p = 0.157. CONCLUSION: Based on the present findings, alveolar density assessed through periapical radiography is not predictive of root resorption after 12 months of orthodontic treatment in cases without extraction.

  9. Universities-industry collaboration strategies: a micro-level perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Toke


    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine the collaboration strategies employed by collaborating small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and university researchers for initiating and optimizing the process and outcome of R&D collaboration. Design/methodology/approach - The paper is based...... partners choose to pursue difference short- or long-term strategies to optimize the process and outcome of university-industry (UI) collaboration. Some collaborations were thus informed by a short-term strategy aimed at achieving immediate R&D results. However, to a high extent, many SME partners relied...... upon a long-term strategy aiming at developing UI relations beyond the immediate project and practical learning. A variety of shifting strategies shape researchers' decisions during UI collaborations, which thus convey different notions of success. Research limitations/implications - The findings...

  10. Gesture Recognition Algorithm Improvement with Large Gesture Dictionary Based on Accelerometer%基于加速度传感器的大手势集手势识别算法改进研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王原; 汤勇明; 王保平


    搭载着加速度传感器的智能移动终端为手势识别提供广泛的应用平台,在已有的基于单枚加速度传感器的手势识别研究中,识别正确率、速度和手势集合难以达到良好的平衡。以一种基于加速度符号序列的识别算法为基础,改进了其特征提取方法,并设计了基于加权树结构模板库的匹配方法,实现了大手势集、高正确率、速度快的手势识别。实验表明,所述系统在21个手势组成的手势集合上,实现了95.2%的用户依赖识别率和94.6%的用户非依赖识别率,识别时间小于10 ms,对手势识别研究有一定的借鉴价值。%Equipped with accelerometer,smart mobile terminal is the most possible platform for wide application of gesture recognition for UI purpose. In related researches of gesture recognition with single accelerometer,recognition accuracy,speed,and gesture dictionary can hardly be balanced. Based on an algorithm of acceleration sign sequence, this research completes gesture recognition with large gesture dictionary, high accuracy, and speed, by enhancing original feature abstracting method and designing new template match method corresponding to the weighted Tree Structure template base. Experimentally, on a gesture dictionary of 21, the proposed system can achieve a person-dependent accuracy of 95. 2% and a person-independent accuracy of 94. 6%. The recognition time is less than 10 ms.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦利红; 秦会斌; 诸坚彬; 曹曙光


    为改善传统智能家居客户端功能单一、操作繁琐、不易推广等不足,设计并实现了基于 Android 系统平台集内外网对智能家居控制、智能配对、动态添加设备和房间、多用户共享数据、消息推送等关键技术的智能家居客户端。通过云服务器转发消息,客户端实现了外网与网关通信。网关保存所有智能家居信息,客户端通过查询网关获取信息,实现多用户数据共享。采用基于MQTT 协议的消息推送机制,实现当设备状态改变时,设备信息能被及时推送给每一个用户。经测试,多用户均可从网关获取设备等信息,并对设备进行控制,是一款性能良好、界面友善的智能家居客户端软件。%To improve the deficiencies of traditional smart home client in signal function,complicated operation and difficult in promotion, we design and implement a smart home client,it is based on Android system platform and integrates the key technologies including the control of smart home from internal and external networks,smart pairing,dynamic rooms and devices adding,multi-user data sharing,and information push,etc.By forwarding messages through cloud server,the client realises the communication between external network and gateway.The gateway reserves all the information about smart home,the client obtaines the information by gateway query to achieve multiuser data sharing.It uses MQTT protocol-based message pushing mechanism,and realises to push devices information to every user when there is the change in devices status.It is tested that the multi-user can get the information of devices or so from the gateway,and can control the devices as well.It is a smart home client software with good performance and friendly UI.

  12. Introducing asymmetric functionality into MOFs via the generation of metallic Janus MOF particles. (United States)

    Ayala, Abraham; Carbonell, Carlos; Imaz, Inhar; Maspoch, Daniel


    Herein we report a versatile methodology for engineering metallic Janus MOF particles based on desymmetrization at interfaces, whereby each MOF particle is partially coated with a desired metal. We demonstrate that it enables the fabrication of homogeneous Janus MOF particles according to the MOF (ZIF-8, UiO-66 or UiO-66-SH), the metal (Au, Co or Pt), the MOF particle size (from the micrometer to the submicrometer regime) and the metal-film thickness (from 5 nm to 50 nm) employed. We anticipate that our strategy could be applied to impart new functionalities to MOFs, including asymmetric functionalization, magnetic-guidance and motorization.

  13. Crustal uplift due to ice mass variability on Upernavik Isstroem, west Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Karina; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas; Korsgaard, Niels Jákup

    two continuous receivers, UPVK and SRMP which are established on bedrock and located ~65 and ~2 km from the front of UI, respectively. We construct along-track elevation changes on UI for several time intervals during 2005 – 2011, based on ATM, SPOT 5 and Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite......We estimate the mass loss rate of Upernavik Isstroem using surface elevation changes between a SPOT 5 Digital Elevation Model (DEM) from 2008 and NASA’s Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM) data from 2010. To assess the validity of our mass loss estimate, we analyze GPS data between 2007 and 2011 from...

  14. Software Design Document SAF Workstation. Volume 1, Sections 1.0 - 2.4. 3.4.86 (United States)


    Called by: OPS- BUTON >saf>ui>opord.lisp SUBPARAGRAPH >saf>ui>opord.lisp Description: None PARAGRAPH Definition 9 >saf>ui>opord.lisp Type...PREVIOUS- BUTON -BOX* >saf>ui>opord.lisp Called by: None Description: None (COM-SELECT-SUBPARAGRAPH) Definition 27 >saf>ui>opord.lisp Type

  15. A dynamic knowledge base based search engine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hui-jin; HU Hua; LI Qing


    Search engines have greatly helped us to find thedesired information from the Intemet. Most search engines use keywords matching technique. This paper discusses a Dynamic Knowledge Base based Search Engine (DKBSE), which can expand the user's query using the keywords' concept or meaning. To do this, the DKBSE needs to construct and maintain the knowledge base dynamically via the system's searching results and the user's feedback information. The DKBSE expands the user's initial query using the knowledge base, and returns the searched information after the expanded query.

  16. Impact of Nonoptimal Intakes of Saturated, Polyunsaturated, and Trans Fat on Global Burdens of Coronary Heart Disease. (United States)

    Wang, Qianyi; Afshin, Ashkan; Yakoob, Mohammad Yawar; Singh, Gitanjali M; Rehm, Colin D; Khatibzadeh, Shahab; Micha, Renata; Shi, Peilin; Mozaffarian, Dariush


    Saturated fat (SFA), ω-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fat (PUFA), and trans fat (TFA) influence risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), but attributable CHD mortalities by country, age, sex, and time are unclear. National intakes of SFA, n-6 PUFA, and TFA were estimated using a Bayesian hierarchical model based on country-specific dietary surveys; food availability data; and, for TFA, industry reports on fats/oils and packaged foods. Etiologic effects of dietary fats on CHD mortality were derived from meta-analyses of prospective cohorts and CHD mortality rates from the 2010 Global Burden of Diseases study. Absolute and proportional attributable CHD mortality were computed using a comparative risk assessment framework. In 2010, nonoptimal intakes of n-6 PUFA, SFA, and TFA were estimated to result in 711 800 (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 680 700-745 000), 250 900 (95% UI 236 900-265 800), and 537 200 (95% UI 517 600-557 000) CHD deaths per year worldwide, accounting for 10.3% (95% UI 9.9%-10.6%), 3.6%, (95% UI 3.5%-3.6%) and 7.7% (95% UI 7.6%-7.9%) of global CHD mortality. Tropical oil-consuming countries were estimated to have the highest proportional n-6 PUFA- and SFA-attributable CHD mortality, whereas Egypt, Pakistan, and Canada were estimated to have the highest proportional TFA-attributable CHD mortality. From 1990 to 2010 globally, the estimated proportional CHD mortality decreased by 9% for insufficient n-6 PUFA and by 21% for higher SFA, whereas it increased by 4% for higher TFA, with the latter driven by increases in low- and middle-income countries. Nonoptimal intakes of n-6 PUFA, TFA, and SFA each contribute to significant estimated CHD mortality, with important heterogeneity across countries that informs nation-specific clinical, public health, and policy priorities. © 2016 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.

  17. Prevalence and factors associated with urinary incontinence in climacteric

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Máyra Cecilia Dellú

    Full Text Available SUMMARY Objective: To estimate the prevalence and identify associated factors to urinary incontinence (UI in climacteric women. Method: In a cross-sectional study with a stratified random sample, 1,200 women aged between 35 and 72 years were studied, enrolled in the Family Health Strategy in the city of Pindamonhangaba, São Paulo. Urinary incontinence was investigated using the International Consultation of Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form, while associated factors were assessed based on a self-reported questionnaire with socio-demographic, obstetric and gynecological history, morbidities and drug use. The prevalence of urinary incontinence was estimated with a 95% confidence interval (95CI and the associated factors were identified through multiple logistic regression model performed using Stata software, version 11.0. Results: Women had a mean age of 51.9 years, most were in menopause (59.4%, married (87.5%, Catholic (48.9%, and declared themselves black or brown (47.2%. The mean age of menopause of women with UI was 47.3 years. The prevalence of UI was 20.4% (95CI: 17.8-23.1%. The factors associated with UI were urinary loss during pregnancy (p=0.000 and after delivery (p=0.000, genital prolapse (p=0.000, stress (p=0.001, depression (p=0.002, and obesity (p=0.006. Conclusion: The prevalence of UI was lower but similar to that found in most similar studies. Factors associated with the genesis of UI were urinary loss during pregnancy and after delivery, genital prolapse and obesity.

  18. New Control Software of the 188cm Telescope of Okayama Astrophysical Observatory (United States)

    Yoshida, Michitoshi; Shimizu, Yasuhiro; Watanabe, Etsuji; Yanagisawa, Kenshi; Uraguchi, Fumihiro


    We developed the telescope control software for the 188cm telescope of Okayama Astrophysical Observatory (OAO) based on Java technology. Basically, the software consists of two processes running on separate Java virtual machines; one of which is the "Command Dispatcher (CD)" and the other is the "User Interface (UI)". Among the two, CD is the main engine/server of the telescope control, whereas UI is just a client. The "standard" UI we provide is a graphical user interface written in Java/Swing. CD communicates with the local control units (LCUs) of the telescope through RS232C. CD is a Java multi-thread program, in which a number of threads run simultaneously. The threads running in CD are the follows: UNIX socket servers for external communications, socket opener for on-demand open/close of a socket port, socket client manager, auto-guider and dome watcher, internal command dispatcher, status manager, status collector, RS232C writer and reader, logger, and control units. The above "control units" are software models ("objects") of the telescope system. We introduced four control units- "Telescope", "Dome", "Weather-Monitor", and "Pointing"- for telescope control. The first three units are simple software models of the real-worlds devices. The last one, "Pointing", is a unit which abstracts pointing procedure of the telescope. CD and UI communicate with each other using UNIX socket. The command protocol of this communication is fairly simple, and observation instruments, auto guider, or additional UI for remote observation are also able to communicate with CD through socket using this protocol. CD opens and closes socket ports for communication on demand according to the request of client process (UI, instruments etc.), so that any clients can be connected to CD dynamically.

  19. Magnitude, temporal trends, and projections of the global prevalence of blindness and distance and near vision impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (United States)

    Bourne, Rupert R A; Flaxman, Seth R; Braithwaite, Tasanee; Cicinelli, Maria V; Das, Aditi; Jonas, Jost B; Keeffe, Jill; Kempen, John H; Leasher, Janet; Limburg, Hans; Naidoo, Kovin; Pesudovs, Konrad; Resnikoff, Serge; Silvester, Alex; Stevens, Gretchen A; Tahhan, Nina; Wong, Tien Y; Taylor, Hugh R


    Global and regional prevalence estimates for blindness and vision impairment are important for the development of public health policies. We aimed to provide global estimates, trends, and projections of global blindness and vision impairment. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based datasets relevant to global vision impairment and blindness that were published between 1980 and 2015. We fitted hierarchical models to estimate the prevalence (by age, country, and sex), in 2015, of mild visual impairment (presenting visual acuity worse than 6/12 to 6/18 inclusive), moderate to severe visual impairment (presenting visual acuity worse than 6/18 to 3/60 inclusive), blindness (presenting visual acuity worse than 3/60), and functional presbyopia (defined as presenting near vision worse than N6 or N8 at 40 cm when best-corrected distance visual acuity was better than 6/12). Globally, of the 7·33 billion people alive in 2015, an estimated 36·0 million (80% uncertainty interval [UI] 12·9-65·4) were blind (crude prevalence 0·48%; 80% UI 0·17-0·87; 56% female), 216·6 million (80% UI 98·5-359·1) people had moderate to severe visual impairment (2·95%, 80% UI 1·34-4·89; 55% female), and 188·5 million (80% UI 64·5-350·2) had mild visual impairment (2·57%, 80% UI 0·88-4·77; 54% female). Functional presbyopia affected an estimated 1094·7 million (80% UI 581·1-1686·5) people aged 35 years and older, with 666·7 million (80% UI 364·9-997·6) being aged 50 years or older. The estimated number of blind people increased by 17·6%, from 30·6 million (80% UI 9·9-57·3) in 1990 to 36·0 million (80% UI 12·9-65·4) in 2015. This change was attributable to three factors, namely an increase because of population growth (38·4%), population ageing after accounting for population growth (34·6%), and reduction in age-specific prevalence (-36·7%). The number of people with moderate and severe visual impairment also increased, from 159·9 million

  20. Cellulase and xylanase productions by isolated Amazon Bacillus strains using soybean industrial residue based solid-state cultivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heck Júlio X.


    Full Text Available In Brazil, a large amount of a fibrous residue is generated as result of soybean (Glycine max protein production. This material, which is rich in hemicellulose and cellulose, can be used in solid state cultivations for the production of valuable metabolites and enzymes. In this work, we studied the bioconversion of this residue by bacteria strains isolated from water and soil collected in the Amazon region. Five strains among 87 isolated bacteria selected for their ability to produce either celullases or xylanases were cultivated on the aforementioned residue. From strain BL62, identified as Bacillus subtilis, it was obtained a preparation showing the highest specific cellulase activity, 1.08 UI/mg protein within 24 hours of growth. Concerning xylanase, the isolate BL53, also identified as Bacillus subtilis, showed the highest specific activity for this enzyme, 5.19 UI/mg protein within 72 hours of cultivation. It has also been observed the production of proteases that were associated with the loss of cellulase and xylanase activities. These results indicated that the selected microorganisms, and the cultivation process, have great biotechnological potential.

  1. 基于LabVIEW的焊接过程多信息分析平台%Study on analysis platform with multi-signal information of welding process based LabVIEW

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭勇; 李志勇; 赵洪志; 闫晓成


    Based on a synchronization multi-signal collecting system of arc welding, Lab VIEW is used to develop a multi-signal software, which can analyze the electrical signal and optical signal of welding process with the application of welding current,arc voltage and spectra of arc radiation for gas metal arc welding (GMAW).The system can display the welding current waveform,the arc voltage waveform and the spectra of arc radiation timely.Furthermore,through analyzing of the collected was acquired the UI phase diagram,probability density distribution of the welding current and arc voltage .frequency of short-circuit period verse time,the arc radiation intensity verse wavelength,the Boltzmann figure for temperature calculation,etc.With the application of the information related to arc state,the software can be used for diagnosis of arc welding process and arc physics exploration.%基于焊接多信息同步采集系统,采用LabVIEW图形化语言,以熔化极气保焊的焊接电流、电弧电压、电弧光谱为信号源,构建了包括电信号参数设置、电信号数据分析模块、光信号参数设置与自动选择、光信号数据分析的焊接过程多信息分析平台.可实时显示焊接电流波形、电弧电压波形、电弧辐射光谱等;系统还通过数据分析处理得到U-I相图、焊接电流和电弧电压概率密度、短路时间频次图、电弧辐射光强与波长对应图、计算焊接温度的玻尔兹曼图等,通过上述信息分析,检测电弧状态和信息,可用于焊接过程诊断和焊接电弧物理研究等.

  2. Solid Base Catalysis

    CERN Document Server

    Ono, Yoshio


    The importance of solid base catalysts has come to be recognized for their environmentally benign qualities, and much significant progress has been made over the past two decades in catalytic materials and solid base-catalyzed reactions. The book is focused on the solid base. Because of the advantages over liquid bases, the use of solid base catalysts in organic synthesis is expanding. Solid bases are easier to dispose than liquid bases, separation and recovery of products, catalysts and solvents are less difficult, and they are non-corrosive. Furthermore, base-catalyzed reactions can be performed without using solvents and even in the gas phase, opening up more possibilities for discovering novel reaction systems. Using numerous examples, the present volume describes the remarkable role solid base catalysis can play, given the ever increasing worldwide importance of "green" chemistry. The reader will obtain an overall view of solid base catalysis and gain insight into the versatility of the reactions to whic...

  3. Large atmospheric shortwave radiative forcing by Mediterranean aerosols derived from simultaneous ground-based and spaceborne observations and dependence on the aerosol type and single scattering albedo (United States)

    di Biagio, Claudia; di Sarra, Alcide; Meloni, Daniela


    Aerosol optical properties and shortwave irradiance measurements at the island of Lampedusa (central Mediterranean) during 2004-2007 are combined with Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System observations of the outgoing shortwave flux at the top of the atmosphere (TOA). The measurements are used to estimate the surface (FES), the top of the atmosphere (FETOA), and the atmospheric (FEATM) shortwave aerosol forcing efficiencies for solar zenith angle (θ) between 15° and 55° for desert dust (DD), urban/industrial-biomass burning aerosols (UI-BB), and mixed aerosols (MA). The forcing efficiency at the different atmospheric levels is derived by applying the direct method, that is, as the derivative of the shortwave net flux versus the aerosol optical depth at fixed θ. The diurnal average forcing efficiency at the surface/TOA at the equinox is (-68.9 ± 4.0)/(-45.5 ± 5.4) W m-2 for DD, (-59.0 ± 4.3)/(-19.2 ± 3.3) W m-2 for UI-BB, and (-94.9 ± 5.1)/(-36.2 ± 1.7) W m-2 for MA. The diurnal average atmospheric radiative forcing at the equinox is (+7.3 ± 2.5) W m-2 for DD, (+8.4 ± 1.9) W m-2 for UI-BB, and (+8.2 ± 1.9) W m-2 for MA, suggesting that the mean atmospheric forcing is almost independent of the aerosol type. The largest values of the atmospheric forcing may reach +35 W m-2 for DD, +23 W m-2 for UI-BB, and +34 W m-2 for MA. FETOA is calculated for MA and 25° ≤ θ ≤ 35° for three classes of single scattering albedo (0.7 ≤ ω < 0.8, 0.8 ≤ ω < 0.9, and 0.9 ≤ ω ≤ 1) at 415.6 and 868.7 nm: FETOA increases, in absolute value, for increasing ω. A 0.1 increment in ω determines an increase in FETOA by 10-20 W m-2.

  4. Device Independent Layout and Style Editing Using Multi-Level Style Sheets (United States)

    Dees, Walter

    This paper describes a layout and styling framework that is based on the multi-level style sheets approach. It shows some of the techniques that can be used to add layout and style information to a UI in a device-independent manner, and how to reuse the layout and style information to create user interfaces for different devices

  5. An Extented Wave Action Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Based on the Navier-Stokes equation, an average wave energy equation and a generalized wave action conservation equation are presented in this paper. The turbulence effects on water particle velocity ui and wave surface elavation ξ as well as energy dissipation are included. Some simplified forms are also given.

  6. The Effect of Unemployment Insurance Exhaustion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie; Weatherall, Cecilie Dohlmann

    In this article we investigate how the long-term unemployed react to the threat of running out of unemployment insurance (UI) in a system in which other social benefits are available. The empirical analysis is based on very precise administrative records of unemployment spells in Denmark. To iden...... motivate them to find a job....

  7. Is Barthel index a relevant measure for measuring prevalence of urinary incontinence in stroke patients?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tibaek, Sigrid; Dehlendorff, Christian


    To compare the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) measured by Barthel Index and the Danish Prostate Symptom Score (DAN‐PSS‐1) questionnaire in stroke patients. A cross‐sectional, hospital based survey was initiated whereby 407 stroke patients, average age 67 (SD 12) years with a mean interval...

  8. Cross-Platform Development Techniques for Mobile Devices (United States)


    Postgraduate School OpenGL Open Graphics Library OS Operating System REST Representational State Transfer SDK Software Development Kit UI...being sent to the server. The server then embeds the 15 bytecode into the Corona C/C++ based engine, which includes a rendering engine, OpenGL

  9. Career Preparedness Survey Outcomes of Food Science Graduates--A Follow-Up Assessment (United States)

    Bohlscheid, Jeffri; Clark, Stephanie


    Fifty-eight recent graduates (1998-2008) from the joint Washington State University (WSU) and University of Idaho (UI) BiState School of Food Science program and 27 of their employers participated in a survey assessing learning outcomes based on the 2001 Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) core competencies for undergraduate food science…

  10. Knowledge Based Strategies for Knowledge Based Organizations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Madalina Cristina Tocan


    In the present, we can observe that a new economy is arising. It is an economy based on knowledge and ideas, in which the key factor for prosperity and for creation of the new jobs is the knowledge capitalization...

  11. Knowledge Based Strategies for Knowledge Based Organizations



    In the present, we can observe that a new economy is arising. It is an economy based on knowledge and ideas, in which the key factor for prosperity and for creation of the new jobs is the knowledge capitalization. Knowledge capitalization, intellectual capital, obtaining prosperity in the market economy imposes a new terminology, new managerial methods and techniques, new technologies and also new strategies. In other words, knowledge based economy, as a new type of economy; impose a new type...

  12. Body mass index and adult female urinary incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mommsen, Søren; Foldspang, Anders


    rate of response was 85%, and the present analysis comprises 2,589 women who supplied information about their body weight and height. The period prevalence of all UI, stress UI, urge UI, and mixed stress and urge UI was 17%, 15%, 9%, and 7%, respectively. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 22.7 kg/m2......The aim of the present investigation was to study the possible role of obesity in the etiology of adult female urinary incontinence (UI). A random population sample of 3,114 women aged 30–59 years were mailed a questionnaire concerning UI and, among other things, body weight and height. The overall....... Irrespective of other risk indicators, BMI was positively associated with UI prevalence (OR, 1.07/BMI unit; PBMI interacted with childbirth in predicting stress UI prevalence, with cystitis in predicting urge UI, and with both in predicting mixed UI. Stress UI proved to be the UI type most closely...

  13. VectorBase (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — VectorBase is a Bioinformatics Resource Center for invertebrate vectors. It is one of four Bioinformatics Resource Centers funded by NIAID to provide web-based...

  14. Mobile Inquiry Based Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Specht, Marcus


    Specht, M. (2012, 8 November). Mobile Inquiry Based Learning. Presentation given at the Workshop "Mobile inquiry-based learning" at the Mobile Learning Day 2012 at the Fernuniversität Hagen, Hagen, Germany.

  15. Mobile Inquiry Based Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Specht, Marcus


    Specht, M. (2012, 8 November). Mobile Inquiry Based Learning. Presentation given at the Workshop "Mobile inquiry-based learning" at the Mobile Learning Day 2012 at the Fernuniversität Hagen, Hagen, Germany.

  16. "Education-based Research"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Degn Johansson, Troels

    This paper lays out a concept of education-based research-the production of research knowledge within the framework of tertiary design education-as an integration of problem-based learning and research-based education. This leads to a critique of reflective practice as the primary way to facilitate...... learning at this level, a discussion of the nature of design problems in the instrumentalist tradition, and some suggestions as to how design studies curricula may facilitate education-based research....

  17. Convergent Filter Bases


    Coghetto Roland


    We are inspired by the work of Henri Cartan [16], Bourbaki [10] (TG. I Filtres) and Claude Wagschal [34]. We define the base of filter, image filter, convergent filter bases, limit filter and the filter base of tails (fr: filtre des sections).

  18. Stolen Base Physics (United States)

    Kagan, David


    Few plays in baseball are as consistently close and exciting as the stolen base. While there are several studies of sprinting, the art of base stealing is much more nuanced. This article describes the motion of the base-stealing runner using a very basic kinematic model. The model will be compared to some data from a Major League game. The…

  19. Convergent Filter Bases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coghetto Roland


    Full Text Available We are inspired by the work of Henri Cartan [16], Bourbaki [10] (TG. I Filtres and Claude Wagschal [34]. We define the base of filter, image filter, convergent filter bases, limit filter and the filter base of tails (fr: filtre des sections.

  20. Zinc oxide nanoparticles based microfluidic immunosensor applied in congenital hypothyroidism screening. (United States)

    Seia, Marco A; Pereira, Sirley V; Fernández-Baldo, Martin A; De Vito, Irma E; Raba, Julio; Messina, Germán A


    In this article, we present an innovative approach for congenital hypothyroidism (CHT) screening. This pathology is the most common preventable cause of mental retardation, affecting newborns around the world. Its consequences could be avoided with an early diagnosis through the thyrotropin (TSH) level measurement. To accomplish the determination of TSH, synthesized zinc oxide (ZnO) nanobeads (NBs) covered by chitosan (CH), ZnO-CH NBs, were covalently attached to the central channel of the designed microfluidic device. These beads were employed as platform for anti-TSH monoclonal antibody immobilization to specifically recognize and capture TSH in neonatal samples without any special pretreatment. Afterwards, the amount of this trapped hormone was quantified by horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-conjugated anti-TSH antibody. HRP reacted with its enzymatic substrate in a redox process, which resulted in the appearance of a current whose magnitude was directly proportional to the level of TSH in the neonatal sample. The structure and morphology of synthesized ZnO-CH NBs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The calculated detection limits for electrochemical detection and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay procedure were 0.00087 μUI mL(-1) and 0.015 μUI mL(-1), respectively, and the within- and between-assay coefficients of variation were below 6.31% for the proposed method. According to the cut-off value for TSH neonatal screening, a reasonably good limit of detection was achieved. These above-mentioned features make the system advantageous for routine clinical analysis adaptation.

  1. Dicty_cDB: SSF727 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available PBK07 3' end, mRNA sequence. 46 5e-15 4 BQ194903 |BQ194903.1 UI-R-CN1-cmb-p-04-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CN1 Rattus norve...gicus cDNA clone UI-R-CN1-cmb-p-04-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence. 46 8e-15 4 AF112206 |AF112206.1 Homo sapiens ras-

  2. Dicty_cDB: SSM129 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gallus EST, clone library riken1, clone 29n17r1. 68 4e-22 4 BQ194903 |BQ194903.1 UI-R-CN1-cmb...-p-04-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CN1 Rattus norvegicus cDNA clone UI-R-CN1-cmb-p-04-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence. 46

  3. Dicty_cDB: SSF373 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ary riken1, clone 29n17r1. 68 1e-21 4 BQ194903 |BQ194903.1 UI-R-CN1-cmb-p-04-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CN1 Rattus norvegi...cus cDNA clone UI-R-CN1-cmb-p-04-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence. 46 7e-21 5 BU283659 |BU2

  4. Dicty_cDB: SSM522 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available clone RSPBK07 3' end, mRNA sequence. 46 3e-09 3 BQ194903 |BQ194903.1 UI-R-CN1-cmb-p-04-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CN1 Rat...tus norvegicus cDNA clone UI-R-CN1-cmb-p-04-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence. 46 4e-09 3 BY246805 |BY246805.1 Mus musc

  5. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-01-0810 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-01-0810 gnl|UG|Rn#S14192155 UI-R-FF0-cpd-f-11-0-UI.s1 UI-R-FF0 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-FF0-cpd-f-11-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-FF0-cpd-f-11-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ781077 /gi=21989549 /ug=Rn.213647 /len=700 0.002 72% ...

  6. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-01-0342 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-01-0342 gnl|UG|Rn#S14192236 UI-R-FF0-cpd-h-02-0-UI.s1 UI-R-FF0 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-FF0-cpd-h-02-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-FF0-cpd-h-02-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ781158 /gi=21989630 /ug=Rn.178582 /len=720 7e-06 55% ...

  7. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-08-0340 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-08-0340 gnl|UG|Rn#S14192236 UI-R-FF0-cpd-h-02-0-UI.s1 UI-R-FF0 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-FF0-cpd-h-02-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-FF0-cpd-h-02-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ781158 /gi=21989630 /ug=Rn.178582 /len=720 3e-06 51% ...

  8. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-05-0130 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-05-0130 gnl|UG|Rn#S14037729 UI-R-CA0-bad-a-07-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CA0 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-CA0-bad-a-07-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-CA0-bad-a-07-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BF386026 /gi=11370850 /ti=154391883 /ug=Rn.149306 /len=463 2.1 50% ...

  9. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-04-0056 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-04-0056 gnl|UG|Rn#S14112355 UI-R-CV1-brt-g-12-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CV1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-CV1-brt-g-12-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-CV1-brt-g-12-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BG372804 /gi=13269336 /ti=154420930 /ug=Rn.151753 /len=373 1e-06 78% ...

  10. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-02-0045 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-02-0045 gnl|UG|Rn#S14010079 UI-R-BJ1-aun-f-10-0-UI.s1 UI-R-BJ1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-BJ1-aun-f-10-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-BJ1-aun-f-10-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BE110411 /gi=8502516 /ti=154385013 /ug=Rn.208118 /len=410 0.091 35% ...

  11. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-21-0225 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-21-0225 gnl|UG|Rn#S14052593 UI-R-CA0-bgj-d-06-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CA0 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-CA0-bgj-d-06-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-CA0-bgj-d-06-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BF401167 /gi=11389142 /ti=154397591 /ug=Rn.173130 /len=435 5e-15 55% ...

  12. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-09-0080 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-09-0080 gnl|UG|Rn#S14138233 UI-R-DD0-bzr-g-09-0-UI.s1 UI-R-DD0 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-DD0-bzr-g-09-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-DD0-bzr-g-09-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BI281143 /gi=14930581 /ti=154293464 /ug=Rn.200302 /len=534 0.036 28% ...

  13. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-20-0133 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-20-0133 gnl|UG|Rn#S14181288 UI-R-DO1-cms-c-10-0-UI.s1 UI-R-DO1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-DO1-cms-c-10-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-DO1-cms-c-10-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ202827 /gi=20419292 /ti=154455115 /ug=Rn.83937 /len=645 0.001 44% ...

  14. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-09-0114 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-09-0114 gnl|UG|Rn#S14181288 UI-R-DO1-cms-c-10-0-UI.s1 UI-R-DO1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-DO1-cms-c-10-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-DO1-cms-c-10-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ202827 /gi=20419292 /ti=154455115 /ug=Rn.83937 /len=645 5e-05 70% ...

  15. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-08-0285 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-08-0285 gnl|UG|Rn#S14181616 UI-R-DN1-cmt-f-09-0-UI.s1 UI-R-DN1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-DN1-cmt-f-09-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-DN1-cmt-f-09-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ203155 /gi=20419620 /ti=154455607 /ug=Rn.213357 /len=803 0.024 30% ...

  16. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-21-0243 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-21-0243 gnl|UG|Rn#S14055954 UI-R-CA1-big-e-04-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CA1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-CA1-big-e-04-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-CA1-big-e-04-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BF404563 /gi=11392503 /ti=154404171 /ug=Rn.209822 /len=626 1.4 52% ...

  17. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-16-0020 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-16-0020 gnl|UG|Rn#S14053466 UI-R-CA1-bim-b-10-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CA1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-CA1-bim-b-10-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-CA1-bim-b-10-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BF402040 /gi=11390015 /ti=154398876 /ug=Rn.133554 /len=417 2.2 33% ...

  18. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-14-0112 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-14-0112 gnl|UG|Rn#S14174776 UI-R-CN1-cmb-c-09-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CN1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-CN1-cmb-c-09-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-CN1-cmb-c-09-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ194590 /gi=20370141 /ti=154334551 /ug=Rn.152718 /len=561 2e-05 52% ...

  19. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-05-0200 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-05-0200 gnl|UG|Rn#S14182168 UI-R-DN1-cmu-o-17-0-UI.s1 UI-R-DN1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-DN1-cmu-o-17-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-DN1-cmu-o-17-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ203707 /gi=20420172 /ti=154456247 /ug=Rn.150870 /len=609 5.0 29% ...

  20. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-10-0161 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-10-0161 gnl|UG|Rn#S14182280 UI-R-DN1-cmu-d-23-0-UI.s1 UI-R-DN1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-DN1-cmu-d-23-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-DN1-cmu-d-23-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ203819 /gi=20420284 /ti=154456370 /ug=Rn.213369 /len=732 5e-15 47% ...

  1. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-06-0132 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-06-0132 gnl|UG|Rn#S14182107 UI-R-DN1-cmu-e-01-0-UI.s1 UI-R-DN1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-DN1-cmu-e-01-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-DN1-cmu-e-01-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ203646 /gi=20420111 /ti=154456179 /ug=Rn.34837 /len=711 2.0 29% ...

  2. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-09-0129 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-09-0129 gnl|UG|Rn#S14182238 UI-R-DN1-cmu-m-06-0-UI.s1 UI-R-DN1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-DN1-cmu-m-06-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-DN1-cmu-m-06-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BQ203777 /gi=20420242 /ti=154456325 /ug=Rn.153233 /len=788 1e-31 78% ...

  3. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-01-0392 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-01-0392 gnl|UG|Rn#S14017035 UI-R-BS1-ayn-h-12-0-UI.s1 UI-R-BS1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-BS1-ayn-h-12-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-BS1-ayn-h-12-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BE117367 /gi=8509472 /ti=154263698 /ug=Rn.208507 /len=528 2e-08 67% ...

  4. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-23-0140 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-23-0140 gnl|UG|Rn#S14016987 UI-R-BS1-ayn-d-05-0-UI.s1 UI-R-BS1 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-BS1-ayn-d-05-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-BS1-ayn-d-05-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BE117319 /gi=8509424 /ti=154263627 /ug=Rn.208501 /len=461 0.33 44% ...

  5. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-08-0301 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-08-0301 gnl|UG|Rn#S14196619 UI-R-FF0-cpg-g-12-0-UI.s1 UI-R-FF0 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-FF0-cpg-g-12-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-FF0-cpg-g-12-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BU759162 /gi=23722434 /ti=154341872 /ug=Rn.208702 /len=713 0.40 37% ...

  6. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-RNOR-17-0009 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RNOR-17-0009 gnl|UG|Rn#S14012527 UI-R-CA0-axd-f-03-0-UI.s1 UI-R-CA0 Rattus nor...vegicus cDNA clone UI-R-CA0-axd-f-03-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-R-CA0-axd-f-03-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=BE112859 /gi=8504964 /ti=154387838 /ug=Rn.208200 /len=425 2e-09 53% ...

  7. ANS Based Submarine Simulation (United States)


    computer based simulation proraon supplied by Dr. John Ware at Computer Sceinces Corporation (CSC). Thee am two reasons to use simulated data instead...ANS (Artificial Neural System) capable of modeling submarine perfomncie based on full scale data generated using a computer based simulabon program...The Optimized Entropy algorilth enables the solutions to diffcu problems on a desktop computer within an acceptable time frame. Ob6ectve for w

  8. Pattern Based Morphometry


    Gaonkar, Bilwaj; Pohl, Kilian; Davatzikos, Christos


    Voxel based morphometry (VBM) is widely used in the neuroimaging community to infer group differences in brain morphology. VBM is effective in quantifying group differences highly localized in space. However it is not equally effective when group differences might be based on interactions between multiple brain networks. We address this by proposing a new framework called pattern based morphometry (PBM). PBM is a data driven technique. It uses a dictionary learning algorithm to extract global...

  9. Case-based reasoning

    CERN Document Server

    Kolodner, Janet


    Case-based reasoning is one of the fastest growing areas in the field of knowledge-based systems and this book, authored by a leader in the field, is the first comprehensive text on the subject. Case-based reasoning systems are systems that store information about situations in their memory. As new problems arise, similar situations are searched out to help solve these problems. Problems are understood and inferences are made by finding the closest cases in memory, comparing and contrasting the problem with those cases, making inferences based on those comparisons, and asking questions whe

  10. Imagery Data Base Facility (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Imagery Data Base Facility supports AFRL and other government organizations by providing imagery interpretation and analysis to users for data selection, imagery...

  11. Soy-based polyols (United States)

    Suppes, Galen; Lozada, Zueica; Lubguban, Arnold


    The invention provides processes for preparing soy-based oligomeric polyols or substituted oligomeric polyols, as well as urethane bioelasteromers comprising the oligomeric polyols or substituted oligomeric polyols.

  12. Gasification-based biomass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None


    The gasification-based biomass section of the Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations describes the technical and economic status of this emerging renewable energy option for electricity supply.

  13. Synthetic Base Fluids (United States)

    Brown, M.; Fotheringham, J. D.; Hoyes, T. J.; Mortier, R. M.; Orszulik, S. T.; Randles, S. J.; Stroud, P. M.

    The chemical nature and technology of the main synthetic lubricant base fluids is described, covering polyalphaolefins, alkylated aromatics, gas-to-liquid (GTL) base fluids, polybutenes, aliphatic diesters, polyolesters, polyalkylene glycols or PAGs and phosphate esters.Other synthetic lubricant base oils such as the silicones, borate esters, perfluoroethers and polyphenylene ethers are considered to have restricted applications due to either high cost or performance limitations and are not considered here.Each of the main synthetic base fluids is described for their chemical and physical properties, manufacture and production, their chemistry, key properties, applications and their implications when used in the environment.

  14. Monitoring Knowledge Base (MKB) (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Monitoring Knowledge Base (MKB) is a compilation of emissions measurement and monitoring techniques associated with air pollution control devices, industrial...

  15. Empirically Based, Agent-based models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elinor Ostrom


    Full Text Available There is an increasing drive to combine agent-based models with empirical methods. An overview is provided of the various empirical methods that are used for different kinds of questions. Four categories of empirical approaches are identified in which agent-based models have been empirically tested: case studies, stylized facts, role-playing games, and laboratory experiments. We discuss how these different types of empirical studies can be combined. The various ways empirical techniques are used illustrate the main challenges of contemporary social sciences: (1 how to develop models that are generalizable and still applicable in specific cases, and (2 how to scale up the processes of interactions of a few agents to interactions among many agents.

  16. 基于ETL的系统模型研究与开发%Research and Development of System Model Based on ETL Tools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    数据集成和交换必须解决抽取、转换和加载(Extract、Transform、Load),但过去的异构系统很难实现.针对数据抽取、转换和装载,通过结构化分析需求,从需求分析、系统设计和系统实现3个方面进行了设计,构建了基于ETL的系统逻辑模型.探究了ETL总体框架、UI和类包;创新了UI界面、数据处理的若干关键技术;实现了预期的目标,有助于后续数据仓库的建立.%Data integration and exchange must solve the extraction, transformation and loading. But the past is difficult to achieve heterogeneous systems. Aiming at ETL tool for data extraction, transformation and loading (Extract, Transform, Load), from requirements analysis, system design and system to achieve three aspects of the design. According to the comprehensive requirements of ETL tools, through structural analysis needs, a system logic model is built; a general framework, UI, and class package are discassed.The UI interface innovations, data processing, a number of key technologies are created system goals are achieved.

  17. LOS JURISTAS DEL EXILIO ESPAÑOL EN LA ESCUELA NACIONAL DE JURISPRUDENCIA Do s estudio s de c aso : L uis Reca séns Siches y Marian o Jiménez Huerta


    Ramos García, Jacqueline Alejandra


    A lo largo de su historia, México se ha distinguido –especialmente durante el siglo XX– por ser un país que ha brindado acogida a diversos grupos de desterrados que lograron escapar de países represores y de dictaduras.1 Tal fue el caso del exilio español, que desde hace varias décadas ha sido un tema de interés para investigadores de diferentes disciplinas, desde la literatura, las ciencias naturales, la historia y, en casos contados, el derecho. En este orden de ideas, la lle...

  18. Heterometallic Ti(IV)-Ru(II) and Ti(IV)-Re(I) sulfato complexes containing the Kläui tripodal ligand [(eta5-C5H5)Co{P(O)(OEt)2}3]-. (United States)

    Yi, Xiao-Yi; Sung, Herman H Y; Zhang, Qian-Feng; Williams, Ian D; Leung, Wa-Hung


    Treatment of [(L(OEt))(2)Ti(2)(mu-O)(2)(mu-SO(4))] (L(OEt)(-) = [(eta(5)-C(5)H(5))Co{P(O)(OEt)(2)}(3)](-)) with [Ru(H)(Cl)(CO)(PPh(3))(3)] and Ag(OTf) (OTf(-) = triflate) in the presence of Na(2)CO(3) gave the Ti(IV)-Ru(II) complex [(L(OEt))(2)Ti(2)(mu-O)(3)(mu(3)-SO(4))Ru(CO)(PPh(3))(2)] (2) whereas that with [Re(CO)(5)(OTf)] afforded the Ti(IV)-Re(I) complex [H(L(OEt))(2)Ti(2)(mu-O)(3)(mu-SO(4))Re(CO)(3)(H(2)O)] (3). The crystal structures of complexes 2.HOTf and [3.2/3(Et(3)NHOTf).5/12(H(2)O)](3) have been determined. Complex 2 consists of an adamantane-like Ti(2)RuSO(6) core, in which the {Ru(II)(PPh(3))(2)(CO)} moiety is facially coordinated to a tridentate-O,O',O''(sulfate) [(L(OEt))(2)Ti(2)(mu-O)(3)(mu(3)-SO(4))](2-) metalloligand. The anion [(L(OEt))(2)Ti(2)(mu-O)(3)(mu-SO(4))Re(CO)(3)(H(2)O)](-) in 3 can be viewed as consisting of a fac-{Re(I)(CO)(3)} fragment coordinated with one aqua ligand and a bidentate-O,O'-[(L(OEt))(2)Ti(2)(mu-O)(3)(mu-SO(4))](2-) metalloligand.

  19. Kyasanur forest disease virus: viremia and challenge studies in monkeys with evidence of cross-protection by Langat virus infection [v1; ref status: indexed,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keerti V Shah


    Full Text Available Kyasanur Forest Disease Virus (KFDV, discovered in 1957, is a member of the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV complex. Diseases caused by members of the TBEV complex occur in many parts of the world. KFDV produces a hemorrhagic fever in humans in South India and fatal illnesses in both species of monkeys in the area, the black faced langur (Presbytis entellus and the bonnet macaque (Macaca radiata. Experimental infection of the langur and the bonnet macaque with early mouse passage KFDV strain P9605 resulted in a viremia of up to 11 days duration, peak viremia titers as high as 109, and death in 82 = 100% of the animals. Prolonged passage of the KFDV strain P9605 in monkey kidney tissue culture resulted in a markedly reduced virulence of the virus for both species; peak viremia titers in monkeys decreased by 2.5 to 4.0 log LD 50 (p= 0.001, and the mortality decreased to 10% (p= 0.001. In challenge experiments, monkeys previously infected with tissue-culture-adapted KFDV, or with the related Langat virus from Malaysia, were fully protected against virulent KFDV. These studies in non-human primates lend support to the idea that a live virus vaccine from a member of the TBEV complex may be broadly protective against infections by other members of the TBEV complex.

  20. Secure base stations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Peter; Brusilovsky, Alec; McLellan, Rae; Mullender, Sape; Polakos, Paul


    With the introduction of the third generation (3G) Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) base station router (BSR) and fourth generation (4G) base stations, such as the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term Evolution (LTE) Evolved Node B (eNB), it has become important to se

  1. Diffusion Based Photon Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjøth, Lars; Olsen, Ole Fogh; Sporring, Jon


    . To address this problem we introduce a novel photon mapping algorithm based on nonlinear anisotropic diffusion. Our algorithm adapts according to the structure of the photon map such that smoothing occurs along edges and structures and not across. In this way we preserve the important illumination features......, while eliminating noise. We call our method diffusion based photon mapping....

  2. Diffusion Based Photon Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjøth, Lars; Fogh Olsen, Ole; Sporring, Jon


    . To address this problem we introduce a novel photon mapping algorithm based on nonlinear anisotropic diffusion. Our algorithm adapts according to the structure of the photon map such that smoothing occurs along edges and structures and not across. In this way we preserve the important illumination features......, while eliminating noise. We call our method diffusion based photon mapping....

  3. Content-Based Instruction (United States)

    DelliCarpini, M.; Alonso, O.


    DelliCarpini and Alonso's book "Content-Based Instruction" explores different approaches to teaching content-based instruction (CBI) in the English language classroom. They provide a comprehensive overview of how to teach CBI in an easy-to-follow guide that language teachers will find very practical for their own contexts. Topics…

  4. Arizona Geophysical Data Base


    McLeod, Ronald G.


    A series of digital data sets were compiled for input into a geophysical data base for a one degree quadrangle in Arizona. Using a Landsat digital mosaic as a base, information on topography, geology, gravity as well as Seasat radar imagery were registered. Example overlays and tabulations are performed.

  5. Revolutionary Base Spurs Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    MAO Zedong’s Autumn Harvest Uprising spurred not only revolution but development and innovation among the masses. In October 1927, Mao Zedong led troops to Jinggang Mountain, establishing the first revolutionary base. During the 1960s, many young people went to work at Jinggang Mountain and devoted their youth to this revolutionary base. The open-minded and shrewd Tong

  6. Model-based geostatistics

    CERN Document Server

    Diggle, Peter J


    Model-based geostatistics refers to the application of general statistical principles of modeling and inference to geostatistical problems. This volume provides a treatment of model-based geostatistics and emphasizes on statistical methods and applications. It also features analyses of datasets from a range of scientific contexts.

  7. Content-Based Instruction (United States)

    DelliCarpini, M.; Alonso, O.


    DelliCarpini and Alonso's book "Content-Based Instruction" explores different approaches to teaching content-based instruction (CBI) in the English language classroom. They provide a comprehensive overview of how to teach CBI in an easy-to-follow guide that language teachers will find very practical for their own contexts. Topics…

  8. Hydrogel based occlusion systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stam, F.A.; Jackson, N.; Dubruel, P.; Adesanya, K.; Embrechts, A.; Mendes, E.; Neves, H.P.; Herijgers, P.; Verbrugghe, Y.; Shacham, Y.; Engel, L.; Krylov, V.


    A hydrogel based occlusion system, a method for occluding vessels, appendages or aneurysms, and a method for hydrogel synthesis are disclosed. The hydrogel based occlusion system includes a hydrogel having a shrunken and a swollen state and a delivery tool configured to deliver the hydrogel to a tar

  9. Game-Based Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hanghøj, Thorkild


    This chapter outlines theoretical and empirical perspectives on how Game-Based Teaching can be integrated within the context of formal schooling. Initially, this is done by describing game scenarios as models for possible actions that need to be translated into curricular knowledge practices...... approaches to game-based teaching, which may or may not correspond with the pedagogical models of particular games....

  10. Skull base tumours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borges, Alexandra [Instituto Portugues de Oncologia Francisco Gentil, Servico de Radiologia, Rua Professor Lima Basto, 1093 Lisboa Codex (Portugal)], E-mail:


    With the advances of cross-sectional imaging radiologists gained an increasing responsibility in the management of patients with skull base pathology. As this anatomic area is hidden to clinical exam, surgeons and radiation oncologists have to rely on imaging studies to plan the most adequate treatment. To fulfil these endeavour radiologists need to be knowledgeable about skull base anatomy, about the main treatment options available, their indications and contra-indications and needs to be aware of the wide gamut of pathologies seen in this anatomic region. This article will provide a radiologists' friendly approach to the central skull base and will review the most common central skull base tumours and tumours intrinsic to the bony skull base.

  11. Mechanical Properties of Microcrystalline Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) Measured by Bimodal Amplitude Modulated-Frequency Modulated Atomic Force Microscopy. (United States)

    Sun, Yao; Hu, Zhigang; Zhao, Dan; Zeng, Kaiyang


    Direct measurement of the mechanical properties of microcrystalline metal-organic framework (MOF) nanoparticles is challenging and rarely explored. In this work, we apply an effective method to realize elastic modulus mapping of a series of isostructural single MOF nanoparticles (100-500 nm) via bimodal amplitude modulated-frequency modulated atomic force microscopy. By probing five types of zirconium (Zr) and hafnium (Hf) isostructural UiO-66-type MOFs, we experimentally found that UiO-66(Hf)-type MOFs possess the higher elastic modulus (46-104 GPa) than that of UiO-66(Zr)-type MOFs (34-100 GPa), both of which are higher than that of reported zinc/copper based MOFs (3-10 GPa). We also experimentally demonstrate that the mechanical properties of MOFs can be tuned by adjusting the chemical functionalities of the ligands or using different metal nodes. In detail, the sterically bulky functional groups increase the mechanical properties of the resultant UiO-66-type MOFs, possibly due to the increased atomic density. These results pave a way to the direct measurement of mechanical properties of MOFs crystalline particles and provide an incisive perspective to the design of MOFs with high mechanical properties.

  12. [Urine incontinence referral criteria for primary care]. (United States)

    Brenes Bermúdez, F J; Cozar Olmo, J M; Esteban Fuertes, M; Fernández-Pro Ledesma, A; Molero García, J M


    Despite the high incidence of urinary incontinence (UI), health professional awareness of this disease is low, which in itself is not serious but significantly limits the lives of the patients. The Primary Care associations, Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria [SEMERGEN], Sociedad Española de Médicos Generales y de Familia [SEMG], Sociedad Española de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria [semFYC]) along with the Asociación Española de Urología (EAU) have developed this consensus with the proposal of making GPs aware, and to help them in the diagnosis, treatment and referral to Urologists. The first goal in primary care must be the detection of UI, thus an opportunistic screening at least once in the lifetime of asymptomatic women > 40 years old and asymptomatic men > 55 years old. The diagnosis, based on medical history and physical examination, must determine the type and severity of the UI in order to refer severe cases to the Urologist. Except for overactive bladder (OAB), non-pharmacological conservative treatment is the first approach to uncomplicated UI in females and males. Antimuscarinics are the only drugs that have demonstrated efficacy and safety in urge urinary incontinence (UUI) and OAB. In men with mixed symptoms, excluding severe obstruction cases, a combination therapy of alpha-blockers and antimuscarinics should be chosen.

  13. Defect creation in metal-organic frameworks for rapid and controllable decontamination of roxarsone from aqueous solution. (United States)

    Li, Bing; Zhu, Xiangyang; Hu, Kaili; Li, Yongsheng; Feng, Jianfang; Shi, Jianlin; Gu, Jinlou


    Given the great harm to the human health of organic arsenic compounds (OACs), developing highly efficient adsorbents with both rapid adsorption rate and high saturation capacity is paramount important. Herein, Zr-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of UiO-66 have been successfully exploited for the efficient decontamination of a typical organic arsenic compound of roxarsone (ROX) from aqueous solution. The influences of the most significant parameters such as contact time, adsorbate concentration, pH as well as ionic strength on the adsorption of ROX were investigated. The amount of missing-linker defects in UiO-66 was systematically tuned by changing the concentration of modulator in the reactants. The presence of the defects not only resulted in the dramatically enhanced porosity, but also induced the creation of ZrOH groups which served as the main active adsorption sites for efficient ROX sequestration. As a result, adsorptive capacity of ROX over UiO-66 could be improved to 730 mg/g, which was much higher than those of many reported adsorbents. Meanwhile, the adsorption equilibrium time could be reduced to as short as 30 min. These merits, combined with their excellent stability, prefigure the great potentials of these defect-tunable UiO-66 MOFs as adsorbents for the efficient removal of various OACs from the polluted water.

  14. Tangible User Interface and Mu Rhythm Suppression: The Effect of User Interface on the Brain Activity in Its Operator and Observer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazuo Isoda


    Full Text Available The intuitiveness of tangible user interface (TUI is not only for its operator. It is quite possible that this type of user interface (UI can also have an effect on the experience and learning of observers who are just watching the operator using it. To understand the possible effect of TUI, the present study focused on the mu rhythm suppression in the sensorimotor area reflecting execution and observation of action, and investigated the brain activity both in its operator and observer. In the observer experiment, the effect of TUI on its observers was demonstrated through the brain activity. Although the effect of the grasping action itself was uncertain, the unpredictability of the result of the action seemed to have some effect on the mirror neuron system (MNS-related brain activity. In the operator experiment, in spite of the same grasping action, the brain activity was activated in the sensorimotor area when UI functions were included (TUI. Such activation of the brain activity was not found with a graphical user interface (GUI that has UI functions without grasping action. These results suggest that the MNS-related brain activity is involved in the effect of TUI, indicating the possibility of UI evaluation based on brain activity.

  15. Generating native user interfaces for multiple devices by means of model transformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ignacio MARIN; Francisco ORTIN; German PEDROSA; Javier RODRIGUEZ


    In the last years, the types of devices used to access information systems have notably increased using different operating systems, screen sizes, interaction mechanisms, and software features. This device fragmentation is an important issue to tackle when developing native mobile service front-end applications. To address this issue, we propose the generation of native user interfaces (UIs) by means of model transformations, following the model-based user interface (MBUI) paradigm. The resulting MBUI framework, called LIZARD, generates applications for multiple target platforms. LIZARD allows the defi nition of applications at a high level of abstraction, and applies model transformations to generate the target native UI considering the specifi c features of target platforms. The generated applications follow the UI design guidelines and the architectural and design patterns specifi ed by the corresponding operating system manufacturer. The objective is not to generate generic applications following the lowest-common-denominator approach, but to follow the particular guidelines specifi ed for each target device. We present an example application modeled in LIZARD, generating different UIs for Windows Phone and two types of Android devices (smartphones and tablets).

  16. [Functional classification of the elderly in primary health care: proposed method]. (United States)

    Benítez del Rosario, M A; Hernández Estévez, P; de Armas, J; Barreto, J; Rodríguez Morales, H


    To develop a method of functional classification of the elderly (FCE) in Primary Health Care and to define the age limit for considering someone "a frail elderly person." A descriptive study in two phases: a) the method's design by means of "brainwriting" and b) the evaluation of the method in a descriptive crossover study. A rural medical consulting-room. The research team, in the design of the method; and the elderly population attending for health care (n = 131), in the method's evaluation. The FCE method was based on the Katz (IK) and Lawton-Brodie (IL-B) indices and classified the patients as independent and at different levels of disability. Urinary incontinence (UI) was excluded from the IK. 85.4% of the patients were independent, which bore relation to age (p < 0.001), but not to gender. When UI was included in the IK, the number of people classified as disabled increased by 32% (CI 95%, 23-41%) over when it was not included. Yet 80% of patients with UI were independent. No differences in the percentage of disabled patients were observed when the cut-off age for detecting disabled patients varied from 75 to 80. The inclusion of UI as a negative factor in the IK gives rise to overestimates of the number of disabled people. In our study the data suggested that the age for considering an elderly person as 'frail' should be 80.

  17. Data base management study (United States)


    Data base management techniques and applicable equipment are described. Recommendations which will assist potential NASA data users in selecting and using appropriate data base management tools and techniques are presented. Classes of currently available data processing equipment ranging from basic terminals to large minicomputer systems were surveyed as they apply to the needs of potential SEASAT data users. Cost and capabilities projections for this equipment through 1985 were presented. A test of a typical data base management system was described, as well as the results of this test and recommendations to assist potential users in determining when such a system is appropriate for their needs. The representative system tested was UNIVAC's DMS 1100.

  18. Value-based pricing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Netseva-Porcheva Tatyana


    Full Text Available The main aim of the paper is to present the value-based pricing. Therefore, the comparison between two approaches of pricing is made - cost-based pricing and value-based pricing. The 'Price sensitively meter' is presented. The other topic of the paper is the perceived value - meaning of the perceived value, the components of perceived value, the determination of perceived value and the increasing of perceived value. In addition, the best company strategies in matrix 'value-cost' are outlined. .

  19. Skull Base Anatomy. (United States)

    Patel, Chirag R; Fernandez-Miranda, Juan C; Wang, Wei-Hsin; Wang, Eric W


    The anatomy of the skull base is complex with multiple neurovascular structures in a small space. Understanding all of the intricate relationships begins with understanding the anatomy of the sphenoid bone. The cavernous sinus contains the carotid artery and some of its branches; cranial nerves III, IV, VI, and V1; and transmits venous blood from multiple sources. The anterior skull base extends to the frontal sinus and is important to understand for sinus surgery and sinonasal malignancies. The clivus protects the brainstem and posterior cranial fossa. A thorough appreciation of the anatomy of these various areas allows for endoscopic endonasal approaches to the skull base.

  20. Pattern based morphometry. (United States)

    Gaonkar, Bilwaj; Pohl, Kilian; Davatzikos, Christos


    Voxel based morphometry (VBM) is widely used in the neuroimaging community to infer group differences in brain morphology. VBM is effective in quantifying group differences highly localized in space. However it is not equally effective when group differences might be based on interactions between multiple brain networks. We address this by proposing a new framework called pattern based morphometry (PBM). PBM is a data driven technique. It uses a dictionary learning algorithm to extract global patterns that characterize group differences. We test this approach on simulated and real data obtained from ADNI. In both cases PBM is able to uncover complex global patterns effectively.

  1. Lidar base specification (United States)

    Heidemann, Hans Karl.


    In late 2009, a $14.3 million allocation from the “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” for new light detection and ranging (lidar) elevation data prompted the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Geospatial Program (NGP) to develop a common base specification for all lidar data acquired for The National Map. Released as a draft in 2010 and formally published in 2012, the USGS–NGP “Lidar Base Specification Version 1.0” (now Lidar Base Specification) was quickly embraced as the foundation for numerous state, county, and foreign country lidar specifications.

  2. QuickBase

    CERN Document Server

    Conner, Nancy


    Ready to put Intuit's QuickBase to work? Our new Missing Manual shows you how to capture, modify, share, and manage data and documents with this web-based data-sharing program quickly and easily. No longer do you have to coordinate your team through a blizzard of emails or play frustrating games of "guess which document is the right one."QuickBase saves your organization time and money, letting you manage and share the information that makes your business tick: sales figures, project timelines, drafts of documents, purchase or work requests--whatever information you need to keep business flowi

  3. Social context, social abstention, and problem recognition correlated with adult female urinary incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lam, Gitte Wrist; Foldspang, Anders; Elving, Lisbeth Bach


    intercourse. Fourteen percent perceived UI as a social problem and 60% as a hygienic problem. Indicators of stress UI were associated with UI occurring at the work-place and during sexual intercourse which, in turn, both were correlates of abstention from non-intimate social activity. Urge UI was associated...... consists of 511 women (19.4% of the responders) who reported period prevalent UI for at least one of the years 1985-1987. Eighty-six percent of the study group members reported stress UI and 50% urge UI, so that 42% had both (mixed stress and urge UI) and 6% none of them (unspecific UI). Forty-six percent...... indicated the workplace and 66% the home as principal sites of UI occurrence. Thirty-one percent had experienced UI in specific situations such as during anxiety, sexual intercourse, or sleep. Nineteen percent had abstained from social activities, 17% from non-intimate social activity and 6% from sexual...

  4. Cheboygan Vessel Base (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Cheboygan Vessel Base (CVB), located in Cheboygan, Michigan, is a field station of the USGS Great Lakes Science Center (GLSC). CVB was established by congressional...

  5. Community Based Distribution

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Community Based Distribution (CBD) is a relatively new concept. It is a service that reaches ... neration; Resupply systems; Pricing of contraceptives; Mix of services ... tion on how best to design and implement the project and the community in ...

  6. trimethylammoniumpropane-based Liposomes

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    antibody, vaccines, gene based drugs which are subject to enzymic degradation by proteinases, peptidases, nucleases ... Lyophilized La Sota® vaccine containing 200 doses/vial was ... Each sample was diluted with bi-distilled water and the ...

  7. WormBase (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — WormBase is an international consortium of biologists and computer scientists dedicated to providing the research community with accurate, current, accessible...

  8. Biomimetics: nature based innovation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bar-Cohen, Yoseph


    "Based on the concept that nature offers numerous sources of inspiration for inventions related to mechanisms, materials, processes, and algorithms, this book covers the topic of biomimetics and the inspired innovation...

  9. Kelomehele preemia Baseli festivalil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Baselis festivalil "VIPER - International Festival for Film Video and New Media" tunnistati parimaks CD-ROMiks Gustav Deutschi/Anna Schimeki "Odysee today", netiprojektiks itaallaste "01.ORG", äramärkimispreemia - Raivo Kelomehe "Videoweaver"

  10. Hanscom Air Force Base (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — MIT Lincoln Laboratory occupies 75 acres (20 acres of which are MIT property) on the eastern perimeter of Hanscom Air Force Base, which is at the nexus of Lexington,...

  11. Mutually unbiased bases

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Chaturvedi


    After a brief review of the notion of a full set of mutually unbiased bases in an -dimensional Hilbert space, we summarize the work of Wootters and Fields (W K Wootters and B C Fields, Ann. Phys. 191, 363 (1989)) which gives an explicit construction for such bases for the case = r, where is a prime. Further, we show how, by exploiting certain freedom in the Wootters–Fields construction, the task of explicitly writing down such bases can be simplified for the case when is an odd prime. In particular, we express the results entirely in terms of the character vectors of the cyclic group of order . We also analyse the connection between mutually unbiased bases and the representations of .

  12. BaseMap (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The goal of this project is to provide a convenient base map that can be used as a starting point for CA projects. It's simple, but designed to work at a number of...

  13. Kelomehele preemia Baseli festivalil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Baselis festivalil "VIPER - International Festival for Film Video and New Media" tunnistati parimaks CD-ROMiks Gustav Deutschi/Anna Schimeki "Odysee today", netiprojektiks itaallaste "01.ORG", äramärkimispreemia - Raivo Kelomehe "Videoweaver"

  14. Graphene-based composites. (United States)

    Huang, Xiao; Qi, Xiaoying; Boey, Freddy; Zhang, Hua


    Graphene has attracted tremendous research interest in recent years, owing to its exceptional properties. The scaled-up and reliable production of graphene derivatives, such as graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO), offers a wide range of possibilities to synthesize graphene-based functional materials for various applications. This critical review presents and discusses the current development of graphene-based composites. After introduction of the synthesis methods for graphene and its derivatives as well as their properties, we focus on the description of various methods to synthesize graphene-based composites, especially those with functional polymers and inorganic nanostructures. Particular emphasis is placed on strategies for the optimization of composite properties. Lastly, the advantages of graphene-based composites in applications such as the Li-ion batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, photovoltaic devices, photocatalysis, as well as Raman enhancement are described (279 references).

  15. Electrochemical Based Biosensors


    Chung Chiun Liu


    This editorial summarizes the general approaches of the electrochemical based biosensors described in the manuscripts published in this Special Issue. Electrochemical based biosensors are scientifically and economically important for the detection and early diagnosis of many diseases, and they will be increasing used and developed in the coming years. The importance of the selection of recognition processes, fabrication techniques and biosensor materials will be introduced.

  16. Participatory design based research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dau, Susanne; Falk, Lars; Jensen, Louise Bach


    This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus.......This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus....

  17. DSP Based Waveform Generator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The DSP Based Waveform Generator is used for CSR Control system to control special controlled objects, such as the pulsed power supply for magnets, RF system, injection and extraction synchronization, global CSR synchronization etc. This intelligent controller based on 4800 MIPS DSP and 256M SDRAM technology will supply highly stable and highly accurate reference waveform used by the power supply of magnets. The specifications are as follows:

  18. Image Based Indoor Navigation


    Noreikis, Marius


    Over the last years researchers proposed numerous indoor localisation and navigation systems. However, solutions that use WiFi or Radio Frequency Identification require infrastructure to be deployed in the navigation area and infrastructureless techniques, e.g. the ones based on mobile cell ID or dead reckoning suffer from large accuracy errors. In this Thesis, we present a novel approach of infrastructure-less indoor navigation system based on computer vision Structure from Motion techniques...

  19. Hydrogel based occlusion systems


    Stam, F.A.; Jackson, N.; Dubruel, P.; Adesanya, K.; Embrechts, A; Mendes, E.; Neves, H.P.; Herijgers, P; Verbrugghe, Y.; Shacham, Y.; Engel, L.; Krylov, V


    A hydrogel based occlusion system, a method for occluding vessels, appendages or aneurysms, and a method for hydrogel synthesis are disclosed. The hydrogel based occlusion system includes a hydrogel having a shrunken and a swollen state and a delivery tool configured to deliver the hydrogel to a target occlusion location. The hydrogel is configured to permanently occlude the target occlusion location in the swollen state. The hydrogel may be an electro-activated hydrogel (EAH) which could be ...

  20. Participatory design based research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dau, Susanne; Bach Jensen, Louise; Falk, Lars


    This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus.......This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus....

  1. REST based mobile applications (United States)

    Rambow, Mark; Preuss, Thomas; Berdux, Jörg; Conrad, Marc


    Simplicity is the major advantage of REST based webservices. Whereas SOAP is widespread in complex, security sensitive business-to-business aplications, REST is widely used for mashups and end-user centric applicatons. In that context we give an overview of REST and compare it to SOAP. Furthermore we apply the GeoDrawing application as an example for REST based mobile applications and emphasize on pros and cons for the use of REST in mobile application scenarios.

  2. Layered nickel based superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ronning, Filip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bauer, Eric D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Tuson [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kurita, Nobuyuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Klimczuk, T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Movshovich, R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, J D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sefat, A S [ORNL; Mandrus, D [ORNL


    We review the properties of Ni-based superconductors which contain Ni{sub 2}X{sub 2} (X=As, P, Bi, Si, Ge, B) planes, a common structural element to the recently discovered FeAs superconductors. We also compare the properties ofthe Ni-and Fe-based systems from a perspective ofelectronic structure as well as structure-property relations.



    Wioletta Skibiñska; Marta Kad³ubek


    The traditional costing system sometimes does not give accurate information about the consumption of different resources and the activities of the organisation. The activity-based costing system is an information-rich costing system which is more and more necessary for the success of many European companies. Base of designing and implementation of an ABC system in the enterprises are presented in the article.

  4. Base de datos FIA


    Clemente Iturriaga, José Alfredo


    Este trabajo se basa en el desarrollo de una base de datos en Oracle para la FIA (Federación Internacional de Automovilismo) partiendo de cero. Aquest treball es basa en el desenvolupament d'una base de dades en Oracle per a la FIA (Federació Internacional d'Automobilisme) partint de zero. Bachelor thesis for the Computer Science program on Databases.

  5. LDEF materials data bases (United States)

    Funk, Joan G.; Strickland, John W.; Davis, John M.


    The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) and the accompanying experiments were composed of and contained a wide variety of materials representing the largest collection of materials flown in low Earth orbit (LEO) and retrieved for ground based analysis to date. The results and implications of the mechanical, thermal, optical, and electrical data from these materials are the foundation on which future LEO space missions will be built. The LDEF Materials Special Investigation Group (MSIG) has been charged with establishing and developing data bases to document these materials and their performance to assure not only that the data are archived for future generations but also that the data are available to the spacecraft user community in an easily accessed, user-friendly form. This paper discusses the format and content of the three data bases developed or being developed to accomplish this task. The hardware and software requirements for each of these three data bases are discussed along with current availability of the data bases. This paper also serves as a user's guide to the MAPTIS LDEF Materials Data Base.

  6. Swarm-based medicine. (United States)

    Putora, Paul Martin; Oldenburg, Jan


    Occasionally, medical decisions have to be taken in the absence of evidence-based guidelines. Other sources can be drawn upon to fill in the gaps, including experience and intuition. Authorities or experts, with their knowledge and experience, may provide further input--known as "eminence-based medicine". Due to the Internet and digital media, interactions among physicians now take place at a higher rate than ever before. With the rising number of interconnected individuals and their communication capabilities, the medical community is obtaining the properties of a swarm. The way individual physicians act depends on other physicians; medical societies act based on their members. Swarm behavior might facilitate the generation and distribution of knowledge as an unconscious process. As such, "swarm-based medicine" may add a further source of information to the classical approaches of evidence- and eminence-based medicine. How to integrate swarm-based medicine into practice is left to the individual physician, but even this decision will be influenced by the swarm.

  7. Decreasing the Burden of Type 2 Diabetes in South Africa: The Impact of Taxing Sugar-Sweetened Beverages.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercy Manyema

    Full Text Available Type 2 diabetes poses an increasing public health burden in South Africa (SA with obesity as the main driver of the epidemic. Consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs is linked to weight gain and reducing SSB consumption may significantly impact the prevalence of obesity and related diseases. We estimated the effect of a 20% SSB tax on the burden of diabetes in SA.We constructed a life table-based model in Microsoft Excel (2010. Consumption data from the 2012 SA National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, previously published own- and cross-price elasticities of SSBs and energy balance equations were used to estimate changes in daily energy intake and its projected impact on BMI arising from increased SSB prices. Diabetes relative risk and prevalent years lived with disability estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study and modelled disease epidemiology estimates from a previous study were used to estimate the effect of the BMI changes on diabetes burden. Diabetes cost estimates were obtained from the South African Council for Medical Schemes. Over 20 years, a 20% SSB tax could reduce diabetes incident cases by 106 000 in women (95% uncertainty interval (UI 70 000-142 000 and by 54 000 in men (95% UI: 33 000-80 000; and prevalence in all adults by 4.0% (95% UI: 2.7%-5.3%. Cumulatively over twenty years, approximately 21 000 (95% UI: 14 000-29 000 adult T2DM-related deaths, 374 000 DALYs attributed to T2DM (95% UI: 299 000-463 000 and over ZAR10 billion T2DM healthcare costs (95% UI: ZAR6.8-14.0 billion equivalent to USD860 million (95% UI: USD570 million-USD1.2 billion may be averted.Fiscal policy on SSBs has the potential to mitigate the diabetes epidemic in South Africa and contribute to the National Department of Health goals stated in the National NCD strategic plan.

  8. Estimation of the health and economic burden of neurocysticercosis in India. (United States)

    Singh, B B; Khatkar, M S; Gill, J P S; Dhand, N K


    Taenia solium is an endemic parasite in India which occurs in two forms in humans: cysticercosis (infection of soft tissues) and taeniosis (intestinal infection). Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most severe form of cysticercosis in which cysts develop in the central nervous system. This study was conducted to estimate health and economic impact due to human NCC-associated active epilepsy in India. Input data were sourced from published research literature, census data and other official records. Economic losses due to NCC-associated active epilepsy were estimated based on cost of treatment, hospitalisation and severe injury as well as loss of income. The disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to NCC were estimated by combining years of life lost due to early death and the number of years compromised due to disability taking the disease incidence into account. DALYs were estimated for five age groups, two genders and four regions, and then combined. To account for uncertainty, probability distributions were used for disease incidence data and other input parameters. In addition, sensitivity analyses were conducted to determine the impact of certain input parameters on health and economic estimates. It was estimated that in 2011, human NCC-associated active epilepsy caused an annual median loss of Rupees 12.03 billion (uncertainty interval [95% UI] Rs. 9.16-15.57 billion; US $ 185.14 million) with losses of Rs. 9.78 billion (95% UI Rs. 7.24-13.0 billion; US $ 150.56 million) from the North and Rs. 2.22 billion (95% UI Rs. 1.58-3.06 billion; US $ 34.14 million) from the South. The disease resulted in a total of 2.10 million (95% UI 0.99-4.10 million) DALYs per annum without age weighting and time discounting with 1.81 million (95% UI 0.84-3.57 million) DALYs from the North and 0.28 million (95% UI 0.13-0.55 million) from the South. The health burden per thousand persons per year was 1.73 DALYs (95% UI 0.82-3.39). The results indicate that human NCC causes

  9. Stress urinary incontinence animal models as a tool to study cell-based regenerative therapies targeting the urethral sphincter. (United States)

    Herrera-Imbroda, Bernardo; Lara, María F; Izeta, Ander; Sievert, Karl-Dietrich; Hart, Melanie L


    Urinary incontinence (UI) is a major health problem causing a significant social and economic impact affecting more than 200million people (women and men) worldwide. Over the past few years researchers have been investigating cell therapy as a promising approach for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) since such an approach may improve the function of a weakened sphincter. Currently, a diverse collection of SUI animal models is available. We describe the features of the different models of SUI/urethral dysfunction and the pros and cons of these animal models in regard to cell therapy applications. We also discuss different cell therapy approaches and cell types tested in preclinical animal models. Finally, we propose new research approaches and perspectives to ensure the use of cellular therapy becomes a real treatment option for SUI.

  10. On mutually unbiased bases

    CERN Document Server

    Durt, Thomas; Bengtsson, Ingemar; Zyczkowski, Karol \\


    Mutually unbiased bases for quantum degrees of freedom are central to all theoretical investigations and practical exploitations of complementary properties. Much is known about mutually unbiased bases, but there are also a fair number of important questions that have not been answered in full as yet. In particular, one can find maximal sets of ${N+1}$ mutually unbiased bases in Hilbert spaces of prime-power dimension ${N=p^\\m}$, with $p$ prime and $\\m$ a positive integer, and there is a continuum of mutually unbiased bases for a continuous degree of freedom, such as motion along a line. But not a single example of a maximal set is known if the dimension is another composite number ($N=6,10,12,...$). In this review, we present a unified approach in which the basis states are labeled by numbers ${0,1,2,...,N-1}$ that are both elements of a Galois field and ordinary integers. This dual nature permits a compact systematic construction of maximal sets of mutually unbiased bases when they are known to exist but th...

  11. Paper based electronics platform

    KAUST Repository

    Nassar, Joanna Mohammad


    A flexible and non-functionalized low cost paper-based electronic system platform fabricated from common paper, such as paper based sensors, and methods of producing paper based sensors, and methods of sensing using the paper based sensors are provided. A method of producing a paper based sensor can include the steps of: a) providing a conventional paper product to serve as a substrate for the sensor or as an active material for the sensor or both, the paper product not further treated or functionalized; and b) applying a sensing element to the paper substrate, the sensing element selected from the group consisting of a conductive material, the conductive material providing contacts and interconnects, sensitive material film that exhibits sensitivity to pH levels, a compressible and/or porous material disposed between a pair of opposed conductive elements, or a combination of two of more said sensing elements. The method of sensing can further include measuring, using the sensing element, a change in resistance, a change in voltage, a change in current, a change in capacitance, or a combination of any two or more thereof.

  12. Results from the DAMOCLES ice-buoy campaigns in the transpolar drift stream 2007–2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Haller


    Full Text Available During the EU research project DAMOCLES 18 ice buoys were deployed in the region of the Arctic transpolar drift (TPD. Sixteen of them formed a square with 400 km side-length. The measurements lasted from 2007 to 2009. The properties of the TPD and the impact of synoptic weather systems on the ice drift are analysed. Compared to Nansen's drift with the vessel Fram the measured speed of the TPD is here almost twice as fast. Within the TPD, the speed increases by a factor of almost three from the North Pole to the Fram Strait region. The hourly buoy position fixes show that the speed is underestimated by 10–20% if positions were taken at only 1–3 days intervals as it is usually done for satellite drift estimates. The geostrophic wind factor Ui/Ug, i.e. the ratio of ice speed Ui and geostrophic wind speed Ug, in the TPD amounts to 0.012 on average, but with regional and seasonal differences. The constant Ui/Ug relation breaks down for Ug −1. The impact of synoptic weather systems is studied applying a composite method. Cyclones (anticyclones cause cyclonic (anticyclonic vorticity and divergence (convergence of the ice drift. The amplitudes are twice as large for cyclones as for anticyclones. The divergence caused by cyclones corresponds to a 0.1–0.5%/6 h open water area increase based on the composite averages, but reached almost 4% within one day during a strong August 2007 storm. This storm also caused a~long-lasting (over several weeks rise of Ui and Ui/Ug and changed the ice conditions in a way allowing ocean tidal motion to directly affect ice motion. The consequences of an increasing Arctic storm activity for the ice cover are discussed.

  13. The Quality of Care Provided to Women with Urinary Incontinence in Two Clinical Settings (United States)

    Anger, Jennifer T.; Alas, Alexandriah; Litwin, Mark S.; Chu, Stephanie D.; Bresee, Catherine; Roth, Carol P.; Rashid, Rezoana; Shekelle, Paul; Wenger, Neil S.


    Purpose Our aim was to test the feasibility of a set of quality-of-care indicators for urinary incontinence (UI) and, at the same time, measure the care provided to women with UI in two different clinical settings. Materials and Methods This was a pilot test of a set of quality-of-care indicators (QIs). This was a pilot test of a set of quality-of-care indicators (QIs). Twenty QIs were previously developed using the RAND Appropriateness method. These QIs were used to measure care received for 137 women with a urinary incontinence (UI) diagnosis in a 120-physician hospital-based multi-specialty medical group (MSG). We also performed an abstraction of 146 patient records from primary care offices in Southern California. These charts were previously used as part of the Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders Project (ACOVE). As a post-hoc secondary analysis, the two populations were compared with respect to quality, as measured by compliance with the QIs. Results In the ACOVE population, 37.7% of patients with UI underwent a pelvic examination, versus 97.8% in the MSG. Only 15.6% of cases in the MSG and 14.2% in ACOVE (p=0.86) had documentation that pelvic floor exercises were offered. Relatively few women with a body mass index (BMI) of >25 were counseled about weight loss in either population (20.9% MSG vs. 26.1% ACOVE, p=0.76). For women undergoing sling surgery, documentation of counseling about risks was lacking, and only 9.3% of eligible cases (MSG only) had documentation of the risks of mesh. Conclusions QIs are a feasible means to measure the care provided to women with UI. Care varied by population studied, yet deficiencies in care were prevalent in both patient populations studied. PMID:27164512

  14. Visualizing common operating picture of critical infrastructure (United States)

    Rummukainen, Lauri; Oksama, Lauri; Timonen, Jussi; Vankka, Jouko


    This paper presents a solution for visualizing the common operating picture (COP) of the critical infrastructure (CI). The purpose is to improve the situational awareness (SA) of the strategic-level actor and the source system operator in order to support decision making. The information is obtained through the Situational Awareness of Critical Infrastructure and Networks (SACIN) framework. The system consists of an agent-based solution for gathering, storing, and analyzing the information, and a user interface (UI) is presented in this paper. The UI consists of multiple views visualizing information from the CI in different ways. Different CI actors are categorized in 11 separate sectors, and events are used to present meaningful incidents. Past and current states, together with geographical distribution and logical dependencies, are presented to the user. The current states are visualized as segmented circles to represent event categories. Geographical distribution of assets is displayed with a well-known map tool. Logical dependencies are presented in a simple directed graph, and users also have a timeline to review past events. The objective of the UI is to provide an easily understandable overview of the CI status. Therefore, testing methods, such as a walkthrough, an informal walkthrough, and the Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT), were used in the evaluation of the UI. Results showed that users were able to obtain an understanding of the current state of CI, and the usability of the UI was rated as good. In particular, the designated display for the CI overview and the timeline were found to be efficient.

  15. Design-Based Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gynther, Karsten; Christensen, Ove; Petersen, Trine Brun


    I denne artikel introduceres Design Based Research for første gang på dansk i et videnskabeligt tidsskrift. Artiklen præsenterer de grundlæggende antagelser, som ligger til grund for Design Based Research-traditionen, og artiklen diskuterer de principper, som ligger til grund for gennemførelse af...... et DBR-forskningsprojekt. Med udgangspunkt i forsknings- og udviklingsprojektet ELYK: E-læring, Yderområder og Klyngedannelse, præsenteres den innovationsmodel, som projektet har udviklet med udgangspunkt i Design Based Research traditionen. ELYKs DBR innovationsmodel har vist sig effektiv i forhold...... til projektfremdrift, brugerinvolvering og vidensgenerering, og den vil kunne inspirere andre med interesse i forskningsbaseret udvikling af didaktisk design, der er medieret af digitale teknologier....

  16. Compression-based Similarity

    CERN Document Server

    Vitanyi, Paul M B


    First we consider pair-wise distances for literal objects consisting of finite binary files. These files are taken to contain all of their meaning, like genomes or books. The distances are based on compression of the objects concerned, normalized, and can be viewed as similarity distances. Second, we consider pair-wise distances between names of objects, like "red" or "christianity." In this case the distances are based on searches of the Internet. Such a search can be performed by any search engine that returns aggregate page counts. We can extract a code length from the numbers returned, use the same formula as before, and derive a similarity or relative semantics between names for objects. The theory is based on Kolmogorov complexity. We test both similarities extensively experimentally.

  17. Cantilever Based Mass Sensing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dohn, Søren


    Cantilever based mass sensors utilize that a change in vibrating mass will cause a change in the resonant frequency. This can be used for very accurate sensing of adsorption and desorption processes on the cantilever surface. The change in resonant frequency caused by a single molecule depends...... on various parameters including the vibrating mass of the cantilever and the frequency at which it vibrates. The minimum amount of molecules detectable is highly dependent on the noise of the system as well as the method of readout. The aim of this Ph.D. thesis has been twofold: To develop a readout method...... suitable for a portable device and to investigate the possibility of enhancing the functionality and sensitivity of cantilever based mass sensors. A readout method based on the hard contact between the cantilever and a biased electrode placed in close proximity to the cantilever is proposed. The viability...

  18. Coping Style of Community Women with Urinary Incontinence and Its Influencing Factors%社区女性尿失禁患者应对方式及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静静; 王小娟; 万小娟; 吴臣; 王克芳


    Objective To investigate the coping style of community women with urinary incontinence (UI) and its influencing factors, and to provide a basis for effective nursing intervention. Methods Totally 592 women with UI were surveyed with International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Urinary Incontinence Short Form-Chinese (ICIQ-SF-Chinese), Social Impact Scale and Coping Style Questionnaire for Women Suffering UI. Results The mean score was 3.61±0.47 for therapeutic coping style, 2.08±0.68 for preventive coping style and 1.73±0.56 for palliative coping style. Multiple regressions revealed that education background, disease history, UI severity, the impact of UI on life and disease stigma were factors affecting preventive coping style, which could explain 44.0%of the variations. Age, UI severity, the impact of UI on life and social isolation were variables relating to palliative coping style, which could explain 41.5% of the variations. Means of payment, help-seeking experience, the impact of UI on life, social rejection and disease stigma were factors relating to therapeutic coping style, which could explain 22.6% of the variations. Conclusion Women with UI tend to adopt preventive and palliative coping styles instead of therapeutic coping style. Targeted interventions should be taken based on the types and influencing factors of the coping style so as to help UI women adopt positive coping style and improve the quality of life.%目的:了解社区女性尿失禁患者的应对方式及其影响因素,为制定有效的护理干预提供依据。方法采用尿失禁问卷简表中文版、修订版社会影响量表、女性尿失禁患者应对方式量表和一般调查表,对592例社区女性尿失禁患者进行调查。结果应对方式量表各维度条目均分分别为:治疗性应对(3.61±0.47)分,预防性应对(2.08±0.68)分,掩饰性应对(1.73±0.56)分。文化程度、既往病史、尿失禁严重程度、尿

  19. Evidence-Based Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertzum, Morten; Simonsen, Jesper


    Systems development is replete with projects that represent substantial resource investments but result in systems that fail to meet users’ needs. Evidence-based development is an emerging idea intended to provide means for managing customer-vendor relationships and working systematically toward...... meeting customer needs. We are suggesting that the effects of the use of a system should play a prominent role in the contractual definition of IT projects and that contract fulfilment should be determined on the basis of evidence of these effects. Based on two ongoing studies of home-care management...

  20. Inkjet-based micromanufacturing

    CERN Document Server

    Korvink, Jan G; Shin, Dong-Youn; Brand, Oliver; Fedder, Gary K; Hierold, Christofer; Tabata, Osamu


    Inkjet-based Micromanufacturing Inkjet technology goes way beyond putting ink on paper: it enables simpler, faster and more reliable manufacturing processes in the fields of micro- and nanotechnology. Modern inkjet heads are per se precision instruments that deposit droplets of fluids on a variety of surfaces in programmable, repeating patterns, allowing, after suitable modifications and adaptations, the manufacturing of devices such as thin-film transistors, polymer-based displays and photovoltaic elements. Moreover, inkjet technology facilitates the large-scale production of flexible RFID tr

  1. Identity-based encryption

    CERN Document Server

    Chatterjee, Sanjit


    Identity Based Encryption (IBE) is a type of public key encryption and has been intensely researched in the past decade. Identity-Based Encryption summarizes the available research for IBE and the main ideas that would enable users to pursue further work in this area. This book will also cover a brief background on Elliptic Curves and Pairings, security against chosen Cipher text Attacks, standards and more. Advanced-level students in computer science and mathematics who specialize in cryptology, and the general community of researchers in the area of cryptology and data security will find Ide

  2. Iron-based superconductivity

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, Peter D; Yin, Wei-Guo


    This volume presents an in-depth review of experimental and theoretical studies on the newly discovered Fe-based superconductors.  Following the Introduction, which places iron-based superconductors in the context of other unconventional superconductors, the book is divided into three sections covering sample growth, experimental characterization, and theoretical understanding.  To understand the complex structure-property relationships of these materials, results from a wide range of experimental techniques and theoretical approaches are described that probe the electronic and magnetic proper

  3. Video-based rendering

    CERN Document Server

    Magnor, Marcus A


    Driven by consumer-market applications that enjoy steadily increasing economic importance, graphics hardware and rendering algorithms are a central focus of computer graphics research. Video-based rendering is an approach that aims to overcome the current bottleneck in the time-consuming modeling process and has applications in areas such as computer games, special effects, and interactive TV. This book offers an in-depth introduction to video-based rendering, a rapidly developing new interdisciplinary topic employing techniques from computer graphics, computer vision, and telecommunication en

  4. Process-based costing. (United States)

    Lee, Robert H; Bott, Marjorie J; Forbes, Sarah; Redford, Linda; Swagerty, Daniel L; Taunton, Roma Lee


    Understanding how quality improvement affects costs is important. Unfortunately, low-cost, reliable ways of measuring direct costs are scarce. This article builds on the principles of process improvement to develop a costing strategy that meets both criteria. Process-based costing has 4 steps: developing a flowchart, estimating resource use, valuing resources, and calculating direct costs. To illustrate the technique, this article uses it to cost the care planning process in 3 long-term care facilities. We conclude that process-based costing is easy to implement; generates reliable, valid data; and allows nursing managers to assess the costs of new or modified processes.

  5. Antifungal activity of plant-based tinctures on Candida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreia Medeiros Rodrigues Cardoso


    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate through determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC the antifungal activity of Salvia officinalis (sage, Anacardium occidentale (cashew and Malva sylvestris (mallow tinctures on Candida albicans (ATCC 40227, C. tropicalis (ATCC 13803 and C. krusei (ATCC 40147. Material and methods: In 96-well microplates, 100 μl of Sabouraud-Dextrose broth doubly concentrated, 100 μl of the tested tinctures and 10 μl of fungal inoculums (1.5 x 106 organisms/ml were inserted. The products were diluted from initial concentration of 100 mg/ml until 0.78 mg/ml. MIC corresponded to the lowest dilution at which there was no visible fungal growth. Nystatin (100,000 UI/ml was used as control. Statistical analysis was performed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (p < 0.05. Results: S. officinalis tincture did not inhibit the growth of C. albicans and C. tropicalis; MIC was 100 mg/ml for C. krusei. For A. occidentale, MIC was 100 mg/ml for C. albicans and C. krusei, and for C. tropicalis, there was no fungal inhibition. M. sylvestris tincture presented MIC at 25 mg/ml for C. krusei and 100 mg/ml for C. albicans and C. tropicalis. The best antifungal activity was showed by M. sylvestris tincture (p < 0.05. Conclusion: M. sylvestris tincture exhibited antifungal activity against all the tested strains at lower concentrations. S. officinalis tincture inhibited the action of C. krusei and A. occidentale tincture showed activity against C. albicans and C. tropicalis.

  6. Performance based fault diagnosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niemann, Hans Henrik


    Different aspects of fault detection and fault isolation in closed-loop systems are considered. It is shown that using the standard setup known from feedback control, it is possible to formulate fault diagnosis problems based on a performance index in this general standard setup. It is also shown...

  7. Surfel Based Geometry Resonstruction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Vedrana; Aanæs, Henrik; Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas


    We propose a method for retrieving a piecewise smooth surface from noisy data. In data acquired by a scanning process sampled points are almost never on the discontinuities making reconstruction of surfaces with sharp features difficult. Our method is based on a Markov Random Field (MRF) formulat...

  8. Diffusion Based Photon Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjøth, Lars; Sporring, Jon; Fogh Olsen, Ole


    . To address this problem, we introduce a photon mapping algorithm based on nonlinear anisotropic diffusion. Our algorithm adapts according to the structure of the photon map such that smoothing occurs along edges and structures and not across. In this way, we preserve important illumination features, while...

  9. REST based service composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grönvall, Erik; Ingstrup, Mads; Pløger, Morten


    This paper presents an ongoing work developing and testing a Service Composition framework based upon the REST architecture named SECREST. A minimalistic approach have been favored instead of a creating a complete infrastructure. One focus has been on the system's interaction model. Indeed, an aim...

  10. Internet based benchmarking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Nielsen, Kurt


    We discuss the design of interactive, internet based benchmarking using parametric (statistical) as well as nonparametric (DEA) models. The user receives benchmarks and improvement potentials. The user is also given the possibility to search different efficiency frontiers and hereby to explore...

  11. Technology based Education System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kant Hiran, Kamal; Doshi, Ruchi; Henten, Anders


    Abstract - Education plays a very important role for the development of the country. Education has multiple dimensions from schooling to higher education and research. In all these domains, there is invariably a need for technology based teaching and learning tools are highly demanded in the acad...

  12. Formula Based Compensation. (United States)

    Sears, Doug; Picus, Lawrence O.


    Recognizing that traditional salary bargaining is divisive and that teacher salaries should remain competitive, Temple City (California) Unified School District has been experimenting with formula-based compensation for the past four years. Primary benefits are lack of conflict over salary increases, which are determined before negotiating other…

  13. Speckle-based wavemeter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hanson, Steen Grüner; Jakobsen, Michael Linde; Chakrabarti, Maumita


    A spectrometer based on the application of dynamic speckles will be disclosed. The method relies on scattering of primarily coherent radiation from a slanted rough surface. The scattered radiation is collected on a detector array and the speckle displacement is monitored during a change in the in...

  14. Model-based consensus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boumans, Marcel


    The aim of the rational-consensus method is to produce “rational consensus”, that is, “mathematical aggregation”, by weighing the performance of each expert on the basis of his or her knowledge and ability to judge relevant uncertainties. The measurement of the performance of the experts is based on

  15. Model-based consensus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Boumans


    The aim of the rational-consensus method is to produce "rational consensus", that is, "mathematical aggregation", by weighing the performance of each expert on the basis of his or her knowledge and ability to judge relevant uncertainties. The measurement of the performance of the experts is based on

  16. School Based Health Centers (United States)

    Children's Aid Society, 2012


    School Based Health Centers (SBHC) are considered by experts as one of the most effective and efficient ways to provide preventive health care to children. Few programs are as successful in delivering health care to children at no cost to the patient, and where they are: in school. For many underserved children, The Children's Aid Society's…

  17. Protein Crystal Based Nanomaterials (United States)

    Bell, Jeffrey A.; VanRoey, Patrick


    This is the final report on a NASA Grant. It concerns a description of work done, which includes: (1) Protein crystals cross-linked to form fibers; (2) Engineering of protein to favor crystallization; (3) Better knowledge-based potentials for protein-protein contacts; (4) Simulation of protein crystallization.

  18. Evidence-based guidelines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rovira, Àlex; Wattjes, Mike P; Tintoré, Mar


    diagnosis in patients with MS. The aim of this article is to provide guidelines for the implementation of MRI of the brain and spinal cord in the diagnosis of patients who are suspected of having MS. These guidelines are based on an extensive review of the recent literature, as well as on the personal...

  19. XML Based UIScript

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Bin; LIAO Jian-xin; SHEN Qi-wei


    In this paper, after the analyzing the UIScript mechanism in intelligent peripheral, a new approach of XML-based UIScript is put forward. The related issues such as the design of UIScript language, the execution environment and its relationship with other script languages are discussed.

  20. Animation-based Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    This thesis is based on the results of a three-year long PhD-study at the Department of Communication and Psychology at Aalborg University. The thesis consist of five original papers, a book manuscript, as well as a linking text with the thesis’ research questions, research design, and summary...

  1. Lunar Base Sitting (United States)

    Staehle, Robert L.; Burke, James D.; Snyder, Gerald C.; Dowling, Richard; Spudis, Paul D.


    Speculation with regard to a permanent lunar base has been with us since Robert Goddard was working on the first liquid-fueled rockets in the 1920's. With the infusion of data from the Apollo Moon flights, a once speculative area of space exploration has become an exciting possibility. A Moon base is not only a very real possibility, but is probably a critical element in the continuation of our piloted space program. This article, originally drafted by World Space Foundation volunteers in conjuction with various academic and research groups, examines some of the strategies involved in selecting an appropriate site for such a lunar base. Site selection involves a number of complex variables, including raw materials for possible rocket propellant generation, hot an cold cycles, view of the sky (for astronomical considerations, among others), geological makeup of the region, and more. This article summarizes the key base siting considerations and suggests some alternatives. Availability of specific resources, including energy and certain minerals, is critical to success.

  2. Knowledge-Based Abstracting. (United States)

    Black, William J.


    Discussion of automatic abstracting of technical papers focuses on a knowledge-based method that uses two sets of rules. Topics discussed include anaphora; text structure and discourse; abstracting techniques, including the keyword method and the indicator phrase method; and tools for text skimming. (27 references) (LRW)

  3. Nanocarbon-based photovoltaics. (United States)

    Bernardi, Marco; Lohrman, Jessica; Kumar, Priyank V; Kirkeminde, Alec; Ferralis, Nicola; Grossman, Jeffrey C; Ren, Shenqiang


    Carbon materials are excellent candidates for photovoltaic solar cells: they are Earth-abundant, possess high optical absorption, and maintain superior thermal and photostability. Here we report on solar cells with active layers made solely of carbon nanomaterials that present the same advantages of conjugated polymer-based solar cells, namely, solution processable, potentially flexible, and chemically tunable, but with increased photostability and the possibility to revert photodegradation. The device active layer composition is optimized using ab initio density functional theory calculations to predict type-II band alignment and Schottky barrier formation. The best device fabricated is composed of PC(70)BM fullerene, semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes, and reduced graphene oxide. This active-layer composition achieves a power conversion efficiency of 1.3%-a record for solar cells based on carbon as the active material-and we calculate efficiency limits of up to 13% for the devices fabricated in this work, comparable to those predicted for polymer solar cells employing PCBM as the acceptor. There is great promise for improving carbon-based solar cells considering the novelty of this type of device, the high photostability, and the availability of a large number of carbon materials with yet untapped potential for photovoltaics. Our results indicate a new strategy for efficient carbon-based, solution-processable, thin film, photostable solar cells.

  4. ISFET based enzyme sensors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Schoot, Bart H.; Bergveld, Piet


    This paper reviews the results that have been reported on ISFET based enzyme sensors. The most important improvement that results from the application of ISFETs instead of glass membrane electrodes is in the method of fabrication. Problems with regard to the pH dependence of the response and the

  5. Cotton-based nonwovens (United States)

    This article is an abbreviated description of a new cotton-based nonwovens research program at the Southern Regional Research Center, which is one of the four regional research centers of the Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Since cotton is a significant cash crop inte...

  6. Evidence based practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger


    making that is established in research as well as an optimization of every link in documentation and search processes. EBP is based on the philosophical doctrine of empiricism and, therefore, it is subject to the criticism that has been raised against empiricism. The main criticism of EBP...

  7. BASE - Progress Report 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Ulmer, S; Mooser, A; Sellner, S; Nagahama, H; Higuchi, T; Borchert, M; Schneider, G; Tanaka, T; Blaum, K; Matsuda, Y; Ospelkaus, C; Quint, W; Walz, J; Yamazaki, Y; CERN. Geneva. SPS and PS Experiments Committee; SPSC


    The BASE collaboration aims at high-precision comparisons of the fundamental properties of the proton and the antiproton, namely, the magnetic g-factors as well as the charge-to-mass ratios of the particles. This annual report summarizes the achievements made in CERN's 2015 antiproton run.

  8. Acid-Base Homeostasis. (United States)

    Hamm, L Lee; Nakhoul, Nazih; Hering-Smith, Kathleen S


    Acid-base homeostasis and pH regulation are critical for both normal physiology and cell metabolism and function. The importance of this regulation is evidenced by a variety of physiologic derangements that occur when plasma pH is either high or low. The kidneys have the predominant role in regulating the systemic bicarbonate concentration and hence, the metabolic component of acid-base balance. This function of the kidneys has two components: reabsorption of virtually all of the filtered HCO3(-) and production of new bicarbonate to replace that consumed by normal or pathologic acids. This production or generation of new HCO3(-) is done by net acid excretion. Under normal conditions, approximately one-third to one-half of net acid excretion by the kidneys is in the form of titratable acid. The other one-half to two-thirds is the excretion of ammonium. The capacity to excrete ammonium under conditions of acid loads is quantitatively much greater than the capacity to increase titratable acid. Multiple, often redundant pathways and processes exist to regulate these renal functions. Derangements in acid-base homeostasis, however, are common in clinical medicine and can often be related to the systems involved in acid-base transport in the kidneys.

  9. Web Based VRML Modelling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kiss, S.


    Presents a method to connect VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) and Java components in a Web page using EAI (External Authoring Interface), which makes it possible to interactively generate and edit VRML meshes. The meshes used are based on regular grids, to provide an interaction and modeling

  10. Aptamer-based nanobiosensors. (United States)

    Kim, Yeon Seok; Raston, Nurul Hanun Ahmad; Gu, Man Bock


    It has been more than two decades since aptamer and the systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) method were discovered by Larry Gold and Andrew Ellington in 1990, respectively. Based on the various advantages of aptamers, they have become a potent rival of antibodies in therapeutics and bio-analysis. Especially, the recent advances in aptamer biosensor application are remarkable due to its intrinsic properties of aptamers as nucleic acids and target induced conformational changes, in addition to the introduction of graphene oxide-based easy and simple immobilization-free screening method even for dual aptamers. In addition, the incorporation of various nanomaterials such as metallic nanoparticles, carbon materials, and functional nanospheres in aptasensors has facilitated the improvement of analytical performance and commercial application of aptasensors. In this review, recent prominent reports on aptasensors utilizing nanomaterials were introduced to understand the principle of aptamer-based biosensors and provide an insight for new strategies of aptasensors and the application of various nanomaterials. The perspective on aptamer-based biosensors and diagnostics was also discussed in view of technology and market.

  11. Orff-Based Improvisation. (United States)

    Thomas, Judith


    Described are improvisational activities based on the Orff-Schulwerk teaching technique which include: sound and movement; sound and movement plus visuals; interpretation of designs from nature, architecture, paintings, rotating rondo, singing hands, and moving from words to song. Pictures of children participating in these activities are…

  12. Refractive index based measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)


    A refractive index based measurement of a property of a fluid is measured in an apparatus comprising a variable wavelength coherent light source (16), a sample chamber (12), a wavelength controller (24), a light sensor (20), a data recorder (26) and a computation apparatus (28), by - directing...

  13. Refractive index based measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)


    In a method for performing a refractive index based measurement of a property of a fluid such as chemical composition or temperature by observing an apparent angular shift in an interference fringe pattern produced by back or forward scattering interferometry, ambiguities in the measurement caused...

  14. Refractive index based measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)


    In a method for performing a refractive index based measurement of a property of a fluid such as chemical composition or temperature, a chirp in the local spatial frequency of interference fringes of an interference pattern is reduced by mathematical manipulation of the recorded light intensity...

  15. Dictionary Based Image Segmentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Anders Bjorholm; Dahl, Vedrana Andersen


    We propose a method for weakly supervised segmentation of natural images, which may contain both textured or non-textured regions. Our texture representation is based on a dictionary of image patches. To divide an image into separated regions with similar texture we use an implicit level sets...

  16. Problem Based Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Graaff, Erik; Guerra, Aida

    , the key principles remain the same everywhere. Graaff & Kolmos (2003) identify the main PBL principles as follows: 1. Problem orientation 2. Project organization through teams or group work 3. Participant-directed 4. Experiental learning 5. Activity-based learning 6. Interdisciplinary learning and 7......Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is an innovative method to organize the learning process in such a way that the students actively engage in finding answers by themselves. During the past 40 years PBL has evolved and diversified resulting in a multitude in variations in models and practices. However....... Exemplary practice. The University of Aalborg in Denmark started with PBL right from the start when the school was founded merging several educational institutes in Northern Denmark in 1974. The Aalborg PBL model is recognized around the world as an example or a source of inspiration, in particular...

  17. Sparse approximation with bases

    CERN Document Server


    This book systematically presents recent fundamental results on greedy approximation with respect to bases. Motivated by numerous applications, the last decade has seen great successes in studying nonlinear sparse approximation. Recent findings have established that greedy-type algorithms are suitable methods of nonlinear approximation in both sparse approximation with respect to bases and sparse approximation with respect to redundant systems. These insights, combined with some previous fundamental results, form the basis for constructing the theory of greedy approximation. Taking into account the theoretical and practical demand for this kind of theory, the book systematically elaborates a theoretical framework for greedy approximation and its applications.  The book addresses the needs of researchers working in numerical mathematics, harmonic analysis, and functional analysis. It quickly takes the reader from classical results to the latest frontier, but is written at the level of a graduate course and do...

  18. Conducting Polymer Based Nanobiosensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chul Soon Park


    Full Text Available In recent years, conducting polymer (CP nanomaterials have been used in a variety of fields, such as in energy, environmental, and biomedical applications, owing to their outstanding chemical and physical properties compared to conventional metal materials. In particular, nanobiosensors based on CP nanomaterials exhibit excellent performance sensing target molecules. The performance of CP nanobiosensors varies based on their size, shape, conductivity, and morphology, among other characteristics. Therefore, in this review, we provide an overview of the techniques commonly used to fabricate novel CP nanomaterials and their biosensor applications, including aptasensors, field-effect transistor (FET biosensors, human sense mimicking biosensors, and immunoassays. We also discuss prospects for state-of-the-art nanobiosensors using CP nanomaterials by focusing on strategies to overcome the current limitations.

  19. Flow Based Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Karpagam


    Full Text Available Problem statement: Network topology design problems find application in several real life scenario. Approach: Most designs in the past either optimize for a single criterion like shortest or cost minimization or maximum flow. Results: This study discussed about solving a multi objective network topology design problem for a realistic traffic model specifically in the pipeline transportation. Here flow based algorithm focusing to transport liquid goods with maximum capacity with shortest distance, this algorithm developed with the sense of basic pert and critical path method. Conclusion/Recommendations: This flow based algorithm helps to give optimal result for transporting maximum capacity with minimum cost. It could be used in the juice factory, milk industry and its best alternate for the vehicle routing problem.

  20. Ontology Based Access Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özgü CAN


    Full Text Available As computer technologies become pervasive, the need for access control mechanisms grow. The purpose of an access control is to limit the operations that a computer system user can perform. Thus, access control ensures to prevent an activity which can lead to a security breach. For the success of Semantic Web, that allows machines to share and reuse the information by using formal semantics for machines to communicate with other machines, access control mechanisms are needed. Access control mechanism indicates certain constraints which must be achieved by the user before performing an operation to provide a secure Semantic Web. In this work, unlike traditional access control mechanisms, an "Ontology Based Access Control" mechanism has been developed by using Semantic Web based policies. In this mechanism, ontologies are used to model the access control knowledge and domain knowledge is used to create policy ontologies.

  1. Spintronics-based computing

    CERN Document Server

    Prenat, Guillaume


    This book provides a comprehensive introduction to spintronics-based computing for the next generation of ultra-low power/highly reliable logic, which is widely considered a promising candidate to replace conventional, pure CMOS-based logic. It will cover aspects from device to system-level, including magnetic memory cells, device modeling, hybrid circuit structure, design methodology, CAD tools, and technological integration methods. This book is accessible to a variety of readers and little or no background in magnetism and spin electronics are required to understand its content.  The multidisciplinary team of expert authors from circuits, devices, computer architecture, CAD and system design reveal to readers the potential of spintronics nanodevices to reduce power consumption, improve reliability and enable new functionality.  .

  2. Content Based Video Retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. V. Patel


    Full Text Available Content based video retrieval is an approach for facilitating the searching and browsing of large image collections over World Wide Web. In this approach, video analysis is conducted on low level visual properties extracted from video frame. We believed that in order to create an effective video retrieval system, visual perception must be taken into account. We conjectured that a technique which employs multiple features for indexing and retrieval would be more effective in the discrimination and search tasks of videos. In order to validate this claim, content based indexing and retrieval systems were implemented using color histogram, various texture features and other approaches. Videos were stored in Oracle 9i Database and a user study measured correctness of response.

  3. Knowledge based maintenance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sturm, A. [Hamburgische Electacitaets-Werke AG Hamburg (Germany)


    The establishment of maintenance strategies is of crucial significance for the reliability of a plant and the economic efficiency of maintenance measures. Knowledge about the condition of components and plants from the technical and business management point of view therefore becomes one of the fundamental questions and the key to efficient management and maintenance. A new way to determine the maintenance strategy can be called: Knowledge Based Maintenance. A simple method for determining strategies while taking the technical condition of the components of the production process into account to the greatest possible degree which can be shown. A software with an algorithm for Knowledge Based Maintenance leads the user during complex work to the determination of maintenance strategies for this complex plant components. (orig.)

  4. Situation based housing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund Mortensen, Peder; Welling, Helen; Wiell Nordberg, Lene


    of approaches to these goals. This working paper reviews not only a selection of new housing types, but also dwellings from the past, which each contain an aspect of changeability. Our study is based on information from users in the selected housing schemes, gathered from questionnaires, information about...... personal furnishing and zoning as well as interviews. The study is also based on analyses of the architectural configurations of space, light and materiality. Our main question is: can the goal of architectural quality be maintained together with greater possibilities for individual development...... research results will be employed to create a categorization of housing suitable for changing life conditions and with a strong emphasis on high architectural quality...

  5. Evidence-based policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vohnsen, Nina Holm


    A current ambition in welfare states as diverse as Denmark, the UK, and in the USA is to base political decision making on rigorous research (Cartwright et al 2009; Mulgan 2009; Bason 2010). Sound as this might seem the ambition has nevertheless been problematized by both policy-makers and the re......A current ambition in welfare states as diverse as Denmark, the UK, and in the USA is to base political decision making on rigorous research (Cartwright et al 2009; Mulgan 2009; Bason 2010). Sound as this might seem the ambition has nevertheless been problematized by both policy...... a full account, see Vohnsen 2011). These insights will be relevant for the anthropological researcher of legislative processes who wishes to move beyond a merely discursive approach to the study of policy and politics....

  6. Problem Based Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Cappola


    Full Text Available In this current work, I am proposing a general close examination of Problem Based Learning as a student centered educational method in which a problem constitutes  the starting point of the learning process. Such a method provides students with the suitable knowledge for problem solving and presents numerous and significant differences compared to traditional education.In particular, I analyze the theoretic aspects of problem learning by tracing a history and presenting its structure, clarifying the role of the tutor in the various phases of the learning process. The method has found a wide diffusion since the beginning of the 70s and numerous studies have confirmed the advantages. The effectiveness of PBL is construable and is based on principles of constructivism and cognitivism.

  7. Arduino based laser control


    Bernal Muñoz, Ferran


    ARDUINO is a vey usefull platform for prototypes. In this project ARDUINO will be used for controling a Semiconductor Tuneable Laser. [ANGLÈS] Diode laser for communications control based on an Arduino board. Temperature control implementation. Software and hardware protection for the laser implementation. [CASTELLÀ] Control de un láser de comunicaciones ópticas desde el ordenador utilizando una placa Arduino. Implementación de un control de temperatura y protección software y hardware ...

  8. Plasmonics based VLSI processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shreya Bhattacharya


    Full Text Available In continuum to my previous paper titled‘Implementation of plasmonics in VLSI’, this paperattempts to explore further, the actual physicalrealization of an all-plasmonic chip. In this paper,various methods of plasmon-basedphotolithography have been discussed and anobservation is made w.r.t the cost effectiveness andease of adaptability. Also, plasmonics based activeelement has been discussed which would helpunravel further arenas ofapproaches and methodstowards the realization of an all-plasmonic chip.

  9. Sea Basing Logistiek (United States)


    iets wat nu voor zware goederen niet mogeljk is met de middelen binnen de Nederlandse krijgsmachit. Nederland heeft bijvoorbeeld (nog) geen specifieke...weer gevechtsklaar zijn. Nederlandse troepen voeren de reconstitute fase in het algemeen uit in Nederland . [Kang&Gue] A special concern in sea based...besluit Nederland zelf in te grijpen. De Nederlandse vredesmissie bevindt zich nabij de kust. maar ver van de grens met buurlanden. De operatie kan niet

  10. Graphene-based biosensors (United States)

    Lebedev, A. A.; Davydov, V. Yu.; Novikov, S. N.; Litvin, D. P.; Makarov, Yu. N.; Klimovich, V. B.; Samoilovich, M. P.


    Results of developing and testing graphene-based sensors capable of detecting protein molecules are presented. The biosensor operation was checked using an immunochemical system comprising fluorescein dye and monoclonal antifluorescein antibodies. The sensor detects fluorescein concentration on a level of 1-10 ng/mL and bovine serum albumin-fluorescein conjugate on a level of 1-5 ng/mL. The proposed device has good prospects for use for early diagnostics of various diseases.

  11. Projectile Base Flow Analysis (United States)


    S) AND ADDRESS(ES) DCW Industries, Inc. 5354 Palm Drive La Canada, CA 91011 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION...REPORT NUMBER DCW -38-R-05 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) U. S. Army Research Office...Turbulence Modeling for CFD, Second Edition, DCW Industries, Inc., La Cañada, CA. Wilcox, D. C. (2001), “Projectile Base Flow Analysis,” DCW

  12. Vehicle Based Vector Sensor (United States)


    300001 1 of 16 VEHICLE-BASED VECTOR SENSOR STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST [0001] The invention described herein may be manufactured and...unmanned underwater vehicle that can function as an acoustic vector sensor . (2) Description of the Prior Art [0004] It is known that a propagating...mechanics. An acoustic vector sensor measures the particle motion via an accelerometer and combines Attorney Docket No. 300001 2 of 16 the

  13. Alphavirus-Based Vaccines


    Kenneth Lundstrom


    Alphavirus vectors have demonstrated high levels of transient heterologous gene expression both in vitro and in vivo and, therefore, possess attractive features for vaccine development. The most commonly used delivery vectors are based on three single-stranded encapsulated alphaviruses, namely Semliki Forest virus, Sindbis virus and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Alphavirus vectors have been applied as replication-deficient recombinant viral particles and, more recently, as replication...

  14. Lignocellulose-based bioproducts

    CERN Document Server

    Karimi, Keikhosro


    This volume provides the technical information required for the production of biofuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass. It starts with a brief overview of the importance, applications, and production processes of different lignocellulosic products. Further chapters review the perspectives of waste-based biofuels and biochemicals; the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel production; cellulolytic enzyme systems for the hydrolysis of lignocelluloses; and basic and applied aspects of the production of bioethanol, biogas, biohydrogen, and biobutanol from lignocelluloses.

  15. Luxury-based Growth


    Shiro Kuwahara


    Assuming that there exists a preference for luxury goods and a knowledge spillover from luxury goods production to goods production, this paper constructs an endogenous economic growth model. The model predicts two steady states: one is a steady positive growth state with regard to luxury goods production, and the other is a zero growth state in the absence of luxury goods production. Thus, this study examines the polarization of economies based on luxury goods consumption

  16. Arduino based laser control


    Bernal Muñoz, Ferran


    ARDUINO is a vey usefull platform for prototypes. In this project ARDUINO will be used for controling a Semiconductor Tuneable Laser. [ANGLÈS] Diode laser for communications control based on an Arduino board. Temperature control implementation. Software and hardware protection for the laser implementation. [CASTELLÀ] Control de un láser de comunicaciones ópticas desde el ordenador utilizando una placa Arduino. Implementación de un control de temperatura y protección software y hardware ...

  17. Graphene-based Nanoelectronics (United States)


    structures such as metal-insulator-graphene tunnel junctions, designs and fabrication processes were developed based on e-beam lithography ( EBL ...capable of minimum feature sizes of 7 nm. A variety of high-resolution photoresists were tested with the EBL system to produce graphene structures with...Initiative e-textiles electronic textiles EBL e-beam lithography EDX emergy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy EIS electrochemical impedance

  18. As bases do petismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Samuels


    Full Text Available A partir dos dados do ESEB de 2002 o autor realiza um estudo das bases eleitorais do PT e de hipóteses sobre a natureza do petismo. Através de técnicas estatísticas multivariadas, são testadas relações do petismo com variáveis demográficas, socioeconômicas e variáveis relativas a questões políticas específicas. Os resultados apontam que apenas a escolaridade tem uma associação específica com o petismo, com implicações para o seu comportamento sócio-político.Based on the results of the 2002 Brazilian Electoral Study, the author analyses the electoral bases of the Worker´s Party and the factors associated with the "petismo". The relationships between the "petismo"and the socioeconomic, demographic and political variables are tested using multivariate analysis. The results indicate that the only "social category"associated with "petismo"is level of education, and it has clear implications to their social and political behavior.

  19. Molecule-based magnets

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J V Yakhmi


    The conventional magnetic materials used in current technology, such as, Fe, Fe2O3, Cr2O3, SmCo5, Nd2Fe14B etc are all atom-based, and their preparation/processing require high temperature routes. Employing self-assembly methods, it is possible to engineer a bulk molecular material with long-range magnetic order, mainly because one can play with the weak intermolecular interactions. Since the first successful synthesis of molecular magnets in 1986, a large variety of them have been synthesized, which can be categorized on the basis of the chemical nature of the magnetic units involved: organic-, metal-based systems, heterobimetallic assemblies, or mixed organic–inorganic systems. The design of molecule-based magnets has also been extended to the design of poly-functional molecular magnets, such as those exhibiting second-order optical nonlinearity, liquid crystallinity, or chirality simultaneously with long-range magnetic order. Solubility, low density and biocompatibility are attractive features of molecular magnets. Being weakly coloured, unlike their opaque classical magnet ‘cousins’ listed above, possibilities of photomagnetic switching exist. Persistent efforts also continue to design the ever-elusive polymer magnets towards applications in industry. While providing a brief overview of the field of molecular magnetism, this article highlights some recent developments in it, with emphasis on a few studies from the author’s own lab.

  20. Microbead agglutination based assays

    KAUST Repository

    Kodzius, Rimantas


    We report a simple and rapid room temperature assay for point-of-care (POC) testing that is based on specific agglutination. Agglutination tests are based on aggregation of microbeads in the presence of a specific analyte thus enabling the macroscopic observation. Such tests are most often used to explore antibody-antigen reactions. Agglutination has been used for protein assays using a biotin/streptavidin system as well as a hybridization based assay. The agglutination systems are prone to selftermination of the linking analyte, prone to active site saturation and loss of agglomeration at high analyte concentrations. We investigated the molecular target/ligand interaction, explaining the common agglutination problems related to analyte self-termination, linkage of the analyte to the same bead instead of different microbeads. We classified the agglutination process into three kinds of assays: a two- component assay, a three-component assay and a stepped three- component assay. Although we compared these three kinds of assays for recognizing DNA and protein molecules, the assay can be used for virtually any molecule, including ions and metabolites. In total, the optimized assay permits detecting analytes with high sensitivity in a short time, 5 min, at room temperature. Such a system is appropriate for POC testing.

  1. Nanowire-based thermoelectrics (United States)

    Ali, Azhar; Chen, Yixi; Vasiraju, Venkata; Vaddiraju, Sreeram


    Research on thermoelectrics has seen a huge resurgence since the early 1990s. The ability of tuning a material’s electrical and thermal transport behavior upon nanostructuring has led to this revival. Nevertheless, thermoelectric performances of nanowires and related materials lag far behind those achieved with thin-film superlattices and quantum dot-based materials. This is despite the fact that nanowires offer many distinct advantages in enhancing the thermoelectric performances of materials. The simplicity of the strategy is the first and foremost advantage. For example, control of the nanowire diameters and their surface roughnesses will aid in enhancing their thermoelectric performances. Another major advantage is the possibility of obtaining high thermoelectric performances using simpler nanowire chemistries (e.g., elemental and binary compound semiconductors), paving the way for the fabrication of thermoelectric modules inexpensively from non-toxic elements. In this context, the topical review provides an overview of the current state of nanowire-based thermoelectrics. It concludes with a discussion of the future vision of nanowire-based thermoelectrics, including the need for developing strategies aimed at the mass production of nanowires and their interface-engineered assembly into devices. This eliminates the need for trial-and-error strategies and complex chemistries for enhancing the thermoelectric performances of materials.

  2. 'Traffic-light' nutrition labelling and 'junk-food' tax: a modelled comparison of cost-effectiveness for obesity prevention. (United States)

    Sacks, G; Veerman, J L; Moodie, M; Swinburn, B


    Cost-effectiveness analyses are important tools in efforts to prioritise interventions for obesity prevention. Modelling facilitates evaluation of multiple scenarios with varying assumptions. This study compares the cost-effectiveness of conservative scenarios for two commonly proposed policy-based interventions: front-of-pack 'traffic-light' nutrition labelling (traffic-light labelling) and a tax on unhealthy foods ('junk-food' tax). For traffic-light labelling, estimates of changes in energy intake were based on an assumed 10% shift in consumption towards healthier options in four food categories (breakfast cereals, pastries, sausages and preprepared meals) in 10% of adults. For the 'junk-food' tax, price elasticities were used to estimate a change in energy intake in response to a 10% price increase in seven food categories (including soft drinks, confectionery and snack foods). Changes in population weight and body mass index by sex were then estimated based on these changes in population energy intake, along with subsequent impacts on disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Associated resource use was measured and costed using pathway analysis, based on a health sector perspective (with some industry costs included). Costs and health outcomes were discounted at 3%. The cost-effectiveness of each intervention was modelled for the 2003 Australian adult population. Both interventions resulted in reduced mean weight (traffic-light labelling: 1.3 kg (95% uncertainty interval (UI): 1.2; 1.4); 'junk-food' tax: 1.6 kg (95% UI: 1.5; 1.7)); and DALYs averted (traffic-light labelling: 45,100 (95% UI: 37,700; 60,100); 'junk-food' tax: 559,000 (95% UI: 459,500; 676,000)). Cost outlays were AUD81 million (95% UI: 44.7; 108.0) for traffic-light labelling and AUD18 million (95% UI: 14.4; 21.6) for 'junk-food' tax. Cost-effectiveness analysis showed both interventions were 'dominant' (effective and cost-saving). Policy-based population-wide interventions such as traffic

  3. Lunar base initiative 1992 (United States)

    Koelle, H. H.

    The return to the Moon is no longer a question of yes or no, but a question of when and how. The first landing of a human being on the lunar surface in 1969 was a purely national effort of the U.S.A. Building a lunar base and operating it in the next century is rather a task for all nations of this planet, even if one nation could do it alone. However, there are several alternatives to carry out such a program and these will and should be debated during the next years on an urgent basis. To do this, one has to take into account not only the historical accomplishments and the present trends of cooperation in space programs, but also recent geopolitical developments as well as the frame of reference established by international law. The case for an International Lunar Base (ILB) has been presented to the International Academy of Astronautics on 11 October 1987 by the IAA Ad Hoc Committee "Return-to-the-Moon". This draft of a position paper was subsequently published in Acta Astronautica Vol. 17, No. 5, (pp. 463-489) with the request of public debate particularly by the members of the Academy. Some 80 Academicians responded to this invitation by the President of the Academy and voiced their opinions on the questions and issues raised by this draft of a position paper. This led to a refinement of the arguments and assumptions made and it is now possible to prepare an improved position paper proposing concrete steps which may lead to an ILB. An issue of this proportion must start with a discussion of goals and objectives to be arranged in some kind of a ranked order. It also has to take note of the limitations existing at any time by the availability of suitable space transportation systems. These will determine the acquisition date and rate of growth of a lunar base. The logistics system will also greatly influence the base characteristics and layout. The availability of heavy lift launch vehicles would simplify the task and allow to concentrate the construction

  4. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-HSAP-05-0057 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-05-0057 gnl|UG|Hs#S4670607 UI-E-EJ1-ajb-c-08-0-UI.r1 UI-E-EJ1 Homo sapien...s cDNA clone UI-E-EJ1-ajb-c-08-0-UI 5', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-E-EJ1-ajb-c-08-0-UI /clone_end=5' /gb=BM930795 /gi=19389968 /ug=Hs.527241 /len=739 2e-26 100% ...

  5. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-HSAP-19-0078 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-19-0078 gnl|UG|Hs#S19702986 UI-H-EU0-azr-f-07-0-UI.s1 NCI_CGAP_Car1 Homo ...sapiens cDNA clone UI-H-EU0-azr-f-07-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-H-EU0-azr-f-07-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=CN480185 /gi=46549039 /ug=Hs.689991 /len=653 1e-35 78% ...

  6. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-HSAP-10-0010 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-10-0010 gnl|UG|Hs#S19702986 UI-H-EU0-azr-f-07-0-UI.s1 NCI_CGAP_Car1 Homo ...sapiens cDNA clone UI-H-EU0-azr-f-07-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-H-EU0-azr-f-07-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=CN480185 /gi=46549039 /ug=Hs.689991 /len=653 3e-37 66% ...

  7. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-HSAP-02-0051 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-02-0051 gnl|UG|Hs#S6144500 UI-H-DI0-auv-g-15-0-UI.s1 NCI_CGAP_DI0 Homo sa...piens cDNA clone UI-H-DI0-auv-g-15-0-UI 3', mRNA sequence /clone=UI-H-DI0-auv-g-15-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=CA439170 /gi=24803590 /ug=Hs.534913 /len=712 5e-17 65% ...

  8. Unigene BLAST: CBRC-MMUS-05-0019 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MMUS-05-0019 gnl|UG|Mm#S8049365 UI-M-BH3-asx-g-03-0-UI.s1 NIH_BMAP_M_S4 Mus mu...sculus cDNA clone UI-M-BH3-asx-g-03-0-UI 3'. /clone=UI-M-BH3-asx-g-03-0-UI /clone_end=3' /gb=AW490758 /gi=7061031 /ti=158523307 /ug=Mm.401207 /len=368 0.001 39% ...

  9. Polyolefin-Based Aerogels (United States)

    Lee, Je Kyun; Gould, George


    An organic polybutadiene (PB) rubberbased aerogel insulation material was developed that will provide superior thermal insulation and inherent radiation protection, exhibiting the flexibility, resiliency, toughness, and durability typical of the parent polymer, yet with the low density and superior insulation properties associated with the aerogels. The rubbery behaviors of the PB rubber-based aerogels are able to overcome the weak and brittle nature of conventional inorganic and organic aerogel insulation materials. Additionally, with higher content of hydrogen in their structure, the PB rubber aerogels will also provide inherently better radiation protection than those of inorganic and carbon aerogels. Since PB rubber aerogels also exhibit good hydrophobicity due to their hydrocarbon molecular structure, they will provide better performance reliability and durability as well as simpler, more economic, and environmentally friendly production over the conventional silica or other inorganic-based aerogels, which require chemical treatment to make them hydrophobic. Inorganic aerogels such as silica aerogels demonstrate many unusual and useful properties. There are several strategies to overcoming the drawbacks associated with the weakness and brittleness of silica aerogels. Development of the flexible fiber-reinforced silica aerogel composite blanket has proven one promising approach, providing a conveniently fielded form factor that is relatively robust toward handling in industrial environments compared to silica aerogel monoliths. However, the flexible silica aerogel composites still have a brittle, dusty character that may be undesirable, or even intolerable, in certain applications. Although the cross-linked organic aerogels such as resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF), polyisocyanurate, and cellulose aerogels show very high impact strength, they are also very brittle with little elongation (i.e., less rubbery). Also, silica and carbon aerogels are less efficient

  10. Characteristics Data Base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, E.D.; Moore, R.S. (Automated Sciences Group, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA))


    The LWR Serial Numbers Database System (SNDB) contains detailed data about individual, historically discharged LWR spent fuel assemblies. This data includes the reactor where used, the year the assemblies were discharged, the pool where they are currently stored, assembly type, burnup, weight, enrichment, and an estimate of their radiological properties. This information is distributed on floppy disks to users in the nuclear industry to assist in planning for the permanent nuclear waste repository. This document describes the design and development of the SNDB. It provides a complete description of the file structures and an outline of the major code modules. It serves as a reference for a programmer maintaining the system, or for others interested in the technical detail of this database. This is the initial version of the SNDB. It contains historical data through December 31, 1987, obtained from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). EIA obtains the data from the utility companies via the RW-859 Survey Form. It evaluates and standardizes the data and distributes the resulting batch level database as a large file on magnetic tape. The Characteristics Data Base obtains this database for use in the LWR Quantities Data Base. Additionally, the CDB obtains the individual assembly level detail from EIA for use in the SNDB. While the Quantities Data Base retains only the level of detail necessary for its reporting, the SNDB does retain and use the batch level data to assist in the identification of a particular assembly serial number. We expect to update the SNDB on an annual basis, as new historical data becomes available.

  11. Vision-based interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Turk, Matthew


    In its early years, the field of computer vision was largely motivated by researchers seeking computational models of biological vision and solutions to practical problems in manufacturing, defense, and medicine. For the past two decades or so, there has been an increasing interest in computer vision as an input modality in the context of human-computer interaction. Such vision-based interaction can endow interactive systems with visual capabilities similar to those important to human-human interaction, in order to perceive non-verbal cues and incorporate this information in applications such

  12. Alphavirus-Based Vaccines. (United States)

    Lundstrom, Kenneth


    Alphavirus vectors based on Semliki Forest virus, Sindbis virus, and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus have been widely applied for vaccine development. Naked RNA replicons, recombinant viral particles, and layered DNA vectors have been subjected to immunization in preclinical animal models with antigens for viral targets and tumor antigens. Moreover, a limited number of clinical trials have been conducted in humans. Vaccination with alphavirus vectors has demonstrated efficient immune responses and has showed protection against challenges with lethal doses of virus and tumor cells, respectively. Moreover, vaccines have been developed against alphaviruses causing epidemics such as Chikungunya virus.

  13. Cellular based cancer vaccines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten; Met, O; Svane, I M;


    Cancer vaccines designed to re-calibrate the existing host-tumour interaction, tipping the balance from tumor acceptance towards tumor control holds huge potential to complement traditional cancer therapies. In general, limited success has been achieved with vaccines composed of tumor...... in vitro migration via autocrine receptor-mediated endocytosis of CCR7. In the current review, we discuss optimal design of DC maturation focused on pre-clinical as well as clinical results from standard and polarized dendritic cell based cancer vaccines....

  14. Agent-Based Optimization

    CERN Document Server

    Jędrzejowicz, Piotr; Kacprzyk, Janusz


    This volume presents a collection of original research works by leading specialists focusing on novel and promising approaches in which the multi-agent system paradigm is used to support, enhance or replace traditional approaches to solving difficult optimization problems. The editors have invited several well-known specialists to present their solutions, tools, and models falling under the common denominator of the agent-based optimization. The book consists of eight chapters covering examples of application of the multi-agent paradigm and respective customized tools to solve  difficult optimization problems arising in different areas such as machine learning, scheduling, transportation and, more generally, distributed and cooperative problem solving.

  15. Bi-based superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S E Mousavi


    Full Text Available   In this paper, Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O (BCSCCO system superconductor is made by the solid state reaction method. The effect of doping Pb, Cd, Sb, Cu and annealing time on the critical temperature and critical current density have been investigated. The microstructure and morphology of the samples have been studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray. The results show that the fraction of Bi-2223 phase in the Bi- based superconductor, critical temperature and critical current density depend on the annealing temperature, annealing time and the kind and amount of doping .

  16. Chitosan-based nanocomposites

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kesavan Pillai, Sreejarani


    Full Text Available , and hygiene devices. They thus represent a strong and emerging answer for improved and eco-friendly materials. This chapter reviews the recent developments in the area of chitosan-based nanocomposites, with a special emphasis on clay-containing nanocomposites...-sized mineral fillers like silica, talc, and clay are added to reduce the cost and improve chitosan’s performance in some way. However, the mechanical properties such as elongation at break and tensile strength of these composites decrease with the incorporation...

  17. Problem Based Game Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reng, Lars; Schoenau-Fog, Henrik


    At Aalborg University’s department of Medialogy, we are utilizing the Problem Based Learning method to encourage students to solve game design problems by pushing the boundaries and designing innovative games. This paper is concerned with describing this method, how students employ it in various...... projects and how they learn to analyse, design, and develop for innovation by using it. We will present various cases to exemplify the approach and focus on how the method engages students and aspires for innovation in digital entertainment and games....

  18. Sustainability Base Construction Update (United States)

    Mewhinney, Michael


    Construction of the new Sustainability Base Collaborative support facility, expected to become the highest performing building in the federal government continues at NASA's Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, Calif. The new building is designed to achieve a platinum rating under the leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED) new construction standards for environmentally sustainable construction developed by the U. S. Green Building Council, Washington, D. C. When completed by the end of 2011, the $20.6 million building will feature near zero net energy consumption, use 90 percent less potable water than conventionally build buildings of equivalent size, and will result in reduced building maintenance costs.

  19. Polymerization Using Phosphazene Bases

    KAUST Repository

    Zhao, Junpeng


    In the recent rise of metal-free polymerization techniques, organic phosphazene superbases have shown their remarkable strength as promoter/catalyst for the anionic polymerization of various types of monomers. Generally, the complexation of phosphazene base with the counterion (proton or lithium cation) significantly improves the nucleophilicity of the initiator/chain end resulting in highly enhanced polymerization rates, as compared with conventional metalbased initiating systems. In this chapter, the general features of phosphazenepromoted/catalyzed polymerizations and the applications in macromolecular engineering (synthesis of functionalized polymers, block copolymers, and macromolecular architectures) are discussed with challenges and perspectives being pointed out.

  20. NICKEL-BASE ALLOY (United States)

    Inouye, H.; Manly, W.D.; Roche, T.K.


    A nickel-base alloy was developed which is particularly useful for the containment of molten fluoride salts in reactors. The alloy is resistant to both salt corrosion and oxidation and may be used at temperatures as high as 1800 deg F. Basically, the alloy consists of 15 to 22 wt.% molybdenum, a small amount of carbon, and 6 to 8 wt.% chromium, the balance being nickel. Up to 4 wt.% of tungsten, tantalum, vanadium, or niobium may be added to strengthen the alloy.