WorldWideScience

Sample records for develop latvian ports

  1. Strategic port development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Peter Bjerg; Dukovska-Popovska, Iskra; Hvolby, Hans-Henrik

    2014-01-01

    developments. This paper examines a series of models from the port development literature and then proposes an approach for conceptualizing the strategic development of a port’s collaboration with local operators and the local hinterland based on connected development steps. The paper is based on a literature...... review relevant to international port development and a case study done in a Danish port as part of the main authors PhD project. The proposed model provides a strategic approach to control and improve the development of a port system and the connected hinterland. While the model is generic in its......While large global ports are recognised as playing a central role in many supply chains as logistic gateways, smaller regional ports have been more stagnant and have not reached the same level of development as the larger ports. The research literature in relation to port development is also...

  2. Service quality in banking: developing and testing measurement instrument with Latvian sample data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Titko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper highlights the importance of managing service quality in banking that can positively affect customer satisfaction. The goal of the given study is to develop an instrument for measuring service quality perceived by Latvian banks’ retail customers and to determine the most important contributors to customer satisfaction. To achieve this purpose, randomly selected customers of Latvian banks were surveyed, using the authors’ developed questionnaire. The proposed instrument was tested for reliability and validity, using techniques of confirmatory factor analysis. Exploratory factor analysis yielded five service quality dimensions (factors that allowed constructing customer satisfaction factor model EPICA: E – expenses, P – product, I – image, C – competence and emotional intellect, A – access. The subsequent correlation analysis revealed that the strongest relationship is between customer satisfaction and C factor. The results of the current research are crucially important for Latvian banks’ executives because the majority of previous studies in the related field offered measurement scales adequate for measuring service quality in other industries. Besides, the proposed questionnaire is exclusively developed for Latvia and considers Latvian banking sector specifics.

  3. Strategic port development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Peter Bjerg; Dukovska-Popovska, Iskra; Hvolby, Hans-Henrik

    2014-01-01

    While large global ports are recognised as playing a central role in many supply chains as logistic gateways, smaller regional ports have been more stagnant and have not reached the same level of development as the larger ports. The research literature in relation to port development is also...... developments. This paper examines a series of models from the port development literature and then proposes an approach for conceptualizing the strategic development of a port’s collaboration with local operators and the local hinterland based on connected development steps. The paper is based on a literature...... approach, the authors apply it to a Danish case study that illustrates its potential usage in determining port development....

  4. Oluvil Port Development Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frigaard, Peter; Margheritini, Lucia

    Oluvil Port Development Project is the first development of a large port infrastructure in the entire eastern coastline of Sri Lanka. The project is supported by the Danish Foreign Ministry. Feasibility studies and detailed design studies were carried out by Lanka Hydraulic Institute Ltd during...... the years 1995 to 2003. The design was reviewed by COWI a/s. Construction of the port was started in 2008. MT Højgaard a/s acted as contractor. The outer breakwaters were constructed as first part of the project. During and after completion of the breakwaters a serious beach erosion and sand accumulation...... has been observed. Severe erosion is seen north of the harbour and some accumulation of sand is seen south of the harbour. On a sandy coastline like the one in Oluvil such erosion problems as observed are very typical. The report: Oluvil Port Development Project: Studies on Beach Erosion written...

  5. Strategic port development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Peter Bjerg; Dukovska-Popovska, Iskra; Steger-Jensen, Kenn;

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a framework for strategic development of a port’s collaboration with its hinterland. The framework is based on literature relevant to port development and undertakes market perspective by considering import/export data relevant for the region of interest. The series of steps...... proposed in the framework, provide ports with a systematic approach in finding possibilities for new business ventures and increasing integration with the hinterland. The framework is generic in its approach. A case study illustrates possible usage of the framework in terms of hinterland development....

  6. Short-Term Forecasting of Loads and Wind Power for Latvian Power System: Accuracy and Capacity of the Developed Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radziukynas V.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the performance results of the recently developed short-term forecasting suit for the Latvian power system. The system load and wind power are forecasted using ANN and ARIMA models, respectively, and the forecasting accuracy is evaluated in terms of errors, mean absolute errors and mean absolute percentage errors. The investigation of influence of additional input variables on load forecasting errors is performed. The interplay of hourly loads and wind power forecasting errors is also evaluated for the Latvian power system with historical loads (the year 2011 and planned wind power capacities (the year 2023.

  7. Employers’ involvement in the development of professional higher education Latvian experience and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stankevics A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to update lately (since the 2009th year changes in educational policy-makers, employers and professional education cooperative institutional framework outlining the involvement of employers in the increasing importance of education development issues in Latvian. The employers are actively involved in the development of professional higher education in Latvia, thus trying to the maximum extent to solve the problems of human resources availability and employment in all the branches of the economy. In general, this creates conditions for the achievement of the aim of the EU strategy “Europe 2020” to raise the importance of education and to correspond to the demands of the labour market in Latvia.

  8. Implementation of the EU directive on the energy performance of buildings: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers. Project document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    'Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers' includes major steps in implementing the EU EPB directive in Latvia. The EPB directive includes a number of efforts: 1. A methodology for calculation of the integrated energy performance of buildings 2. Application of minimum requirements on the energy performance for new buildings 3. Application of minimum requirements on the energy performance for larger existing buildings subject to major renovation 4. Energy performance certification (energy labelling) of buildings 5. Regular inspection of boilers and of air-conditioning systems in buildings, and assessment of heating installations in older systems. The present project includes activities connected to point 4 and point 5. The results will include 4 steps in implementing the EU EPB directive: 1) A Latvian training of certified independent energy auditors to be active conducting energy audits and issuing energy performance certificates. Including a handbook in energy auditing. 2) A Latvian training of certified independent experts for inspection of boilers, air-con systems and assessing older heating systems. Including a handbook in boiler inspection. 3) A proposal for the institutional set-up for a connected scheme for energy auditing and a scheme for boiler inspection 4) Initial information on the scheme of energy auditors and of the boiler inspection. (au)

  9. Role of Flexibility in Sustainable Port Development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taneja, P.; Vellinga, T.; Ros, R.

    2012-01-01

    Sustainability has become a high profile objective in all aspects of our lives, including the development of our infrastructures. Flexibility can enhance sustainability endeavors, yet its contribution is not clear to most. In this paper we investigate the role of flexibility in sustainable port deve

  10. Teachers' Values Related to Sustainable Development in Polish and Latvian Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Switala, Eugeniusz

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to present the results of the research on highlighting values related to sustainable development in Poland and Latvia by secondary school teachers and to compare two models by the use of action research. The research is presented as a process of identifying values mainly from the point of view of social development which is…

  11. Teachers' Values Related to Sustainable Development in Polish and Latvian Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Switala, Eugeniusz

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to present the results of the research on highlighting values related to sustainable development in Poland and Latvia by secondary school teachers and to compare two models by the use of action research. The research is presented as a process of identifying values mainly from the point of view of social development which is…

  12. Towards Sustainable ASEAN Port Development: Challenges and Opportunities for Vietnamese Ports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeyeon Roh

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Sustainability agendas are challenging port authorities around the world to find ways of operating and managing their ports efficiently and effectively in terms of economic, social, as well as environmental development. In this respect, governments in ASEAN countries have been implementing various green activities seeking to reduce the environmental impact of shipping and related activities. In this connection, most studies in the existing literature mainly focus on the environmental aspects of sustainable development and have not clearly explained what sustainable port development exactly entails. Furthermore, most of these studies emphasized on the impact of port development and overlooked what factors influence sustainable port development. To address these gaps, this research aim to explore the main factors shaping sustainable port development. This was conducted through a comprehensive review of related literature as well as confirmatory in-depth interviews with port authorities. As a result, findings from this research would help identify key elements of sustainable port development from port authorities’ perspective. The challenges, opportunities and managerial implications for Vietnamese ports are also discussed accordingly.

  13. Port-city development in Rotterdam: A true love story

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aarts, M.; Daamen, T.A.; Huijs, M.; De Vries, W.

    2012-01-01

    This article tells the story of how city and the port have found a joint development strategy for Rotterdam’s CityPorts during the past decade. The process has resulted in more realistic, so-called ‘organic’ development plans, which mark the emergence of a new relationship between the port and the c

  14. Impact of lntermodal Technologies on Development of Port System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolina Brnjac

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The development of functional and efficient port system requiresthe realization of a common transport system whichwould allow taking advantages of larger areas, lower costs ofrailway traffic and inland wate1way traffic on longer relationsin cooperation with the road transport on shorter relations.The result of the development of intermodal technologiesin the port system is the maintenance of the cwTent and attractingof additional traffic to a certain port, and the reductionof port congestion by providing additional container capacities.Since the competition among ports is becoming moreemphasised by using intermodal technologies, their advantageis obvious. Congestion is one of the main economic points oftransport development. The usage of different fleets in case ofdifferent operators represents the main source of congestionsat terminals and ports resulting in inefficiency of the transportsystem.The aim of this work is to analyze the problems related tocongestions resulting from insufficient usage of intermodaltechnologies in the port system.

  15. Cross-infection prevention, basic hygiene practices and education within nursing and health care in Latvia: a Swedish-Latvian practice development project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thunberg Sjöström, Harrieth; Skyman, Eva; Hellström, Lisbeth; Kula, Marite; Grinevika, Valentina

    2003-08-01

    The primary aim of this practice development project was to explore the level of knowledge of nursing and medical staff at the Infection Clinic at Liepaja regarding the spread of infectious diseases. Arrangements were also made for some of the Latvian health care staff to visit the Infection Clinic in Gothenburg to increase their knowledge about basic hygiene and to enable them to study the research in this area. Later we were able to formulate this new knowledge into written guidelines. The theoretical education started with questions regarding staffs expertise in preventing the spread of infections. Areas covered were handwashing, hand disinfection, use of disposable gloves and protective clothing. This revealed a need for development of both theoretical and practical knowledge in this area. However, hygiene practices improved after the theoretical education and the visits to the Infection Clinic in Gothenburg. On our return visit to Liepaja dispensers of liquid soap together with hand disinfectants were evident at every wash basin on the unit. Disposable gloves were also routinely used for the dressing of wounds and invasive procedures. Furthermore, disposable coats and masks were used when caring for highly infectious patients. The key cultural differences were the lack of nursing documentation and the relative absence of a dialogue directly between the nurse and the patient.

  16. Development Possibilities of the Port of Koper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Trupac

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available The extent to which Slovenia will exploit its good geographictransport position, whether it will be merely a transportcorridor or assume an additional quality (e.g. a distributioncentre or a logistic centre will depend on a cluster of circumstances.The importance will also be laid on how Slovenia willpresent itself and what it will offer to Europe and the rest of theworld. One of its best assets is the Port of Koper (favourable position,good condition, capacities in the frame of the whole logisticsystem.A larger volume of transport and consequently be/fer exploitationof the Port of Koper will in the future depend on increasedtransit. However, to acquire new cargo, the mere installationand modernisation of port infrastructure and rise in thequality of services may not be sufficient: it will also require goodconnections to the hinterland.

  17. Physical Properties of Latvian Clays

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Physical and chemical properties of clays mostly depends on its mineral and chemical composition, particle size and pH value. The mutual influence of these parameters is complex. Illite is the most abundant clay mineral in Latvia and usually used in building materials and pottery. The viscosity and plasticity of Latvian clays from several deposits were investigated and correlated with mineral composition, particle size and pH value. Fractionated and crude clay samples were used. The p...

  18. Development of the Bosaso Port Somalia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Hans F.

    1988-01-01

    The first stage of the port of Bosaso will be completed within half a year's time. It offers accomodation for one general cargo/Ro-Ro vessel of 5,000 DWT plus 350 meters of quays for small cargo vessels and fishing boats. Hinterlands for handling of the goods are arranged along the quays. Areas...

  19. Constraints of tourism development in Port Harcourt tourism beach ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. The study examines constraints of tourism development in Port ... was analyzed using descriptive statistics in form of percentages, frequencies, tables, and charts, while Chi-square was used to test for significance of relationships.

  20. Development of a system of indicators for sustainable port management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peris-Mora, E; Diez Orejas, J M; Subirats, A; Ibáñez, S; Alvarez, P

    2005-12-01

    The 1998 project ECOPORT, "Towards A Sustainable Transport Network", developed by the Valencia Port Authority (VPA), established the bases for implementing an Environmental Management System (EMS) in industrial harbours. The use of data and information shall always be required to develop an efficient EMS. The objective of the present research (INDAPORT) study is to propose a system of sustainable environmental management indicators to be used by any port authorities. All activities performed within a port area are analysed for any potential environmental impacts and risks. An environmental analysis of port activities has been carried out with the objective of designing the indicators system. Twenty-one corresponding activities have been identified for large industrial ports. Subsequently, the same methodology developed to date will be later applied to other Spanish and European ports. The study has been developed by using an original system and a methodology, which simultaneously use stage diagrams and systemic models (material and energy flow charts). Multi-criteria analysis techniques were used to evaluate potential impacts (identification of factors and evaluation of impacts).

  1. Smartphone Application Development : Porting existing PC game for multiple platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Östh, Mattias

    2013-01-01

    An already created PC game exists and the goal of this project is to find a solution to port the game to the most popular smartphone platforms using mostly one generic code. The game to be ported is a musical game where the player uses an acoustic guitar to interact with the game using with the help of real time audio analysis. This thesis goes through the development process to reach the objective by investigating proper tools and issues around the performance and human-computer interaction ...

  2. Acoustic basement: Its relevance to Karwar port development

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Veerayya, M.; Almeida, F.

    and development of an all-weather port. The depths in the survey area vary from 1 to 16 m. The seabed is fairly smooth and relatively steep from the shore up to 6 m, beyond which it slopes gently seaward. Sonographs indicate tidal furrows between 7 and 8.5 m...

  3. The Spatio-Temporal Distribution and Development Modes of Border Ports in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiaoe Wang

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Border ports play a substantial role in socio-economic exchanges, which reflect the diplomatic relations between neighboring countries. This paper maps and analyzes the evolution process of border ports in China since the 1930s, in terms of the spatial distribution, transport modes, cargo and flows of people. Four development modes of border ports and cities are summarized based on the functions and development level of border ports and their proximity to urban core areas. The four modes include: (1 Port-Port mode; (2 City-Port-Port-City mode; (3 City (Port-Port-City mode; (4 City (Port-City (Port mode, which also reflect the spatio-temporal evolution process of certain border ports and cities. The results show that the development of border ports is closely related to the bilateral relations with neighboring countries and their complementarities of natural resources and economic development, national foreign policies, as well as the physical, historical and cultural context. The findings of this study are helpful to promote the sustainable development of the border port system which is crucial for win-win reciprocity between China and its neighboring countries.

  4. Why don’t Latvian pension funds diversify more internationally?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.A.P. Swinkels (Laurens); D. Vejina; R. Vilans

    2005-01-01

    textabstractLatvian employees have to choose a pension fund for the second-pillar of the Latvian pension system. These pension funds invest about 85% in domestic assets. In this paper, we address the question why this strong home bias might exist. Firstly, we conclude that the Latvian pension law is

  5. Port Development and Town Planning in North West England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Richard

    2013-12-01

    This paper examines the links between the development of harbour facilities and planned towns, especially in the head port area of Carlisle in North West England. Largely based on documentary research and field observation it examines the development of Whitehaven and other Atlantic ports it influenced in Cumberland, Westmorland and north Lancashire. It examines these developments in their international context and shows how they were initiated by local landowners to maximise the output of their estates and to enhance their personal prestige. Beginning in the seventeenth century the paper demonstrates how this tradition of town and harbour foundation continued on into the nineteenth century when it was adopted by corporate concerns, especially railway companies. The paper concludes by highlighting how harbour developments associated with town planning helped to urbanise and stimulate the economy of a previously under-developed area. Two maps identify the locations of the places discussed.

  6. Steps towards improvement of Latvian geoid model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janpaule, Inese; Balodis, Janis

    2013-04-01

    The high precision geoid model is essential for the normal height determination when the GNSS positioning methods are used. In Latvia for more than 10 years gravimetric geoid model LV'98 is broadely used by surveyors and scientists. The computation of this model was performed using GRAVSOFT software using gravimetric measurements, digitised gravimetric data and satellite altimetry data over Baltic sea, the estimated accuracy of LV'98 geoid model is 6-8cm. (J. Kaminskis, 2010) However, the accuracy of Latvian geoid model should be improved. In order to aacomplish this task, the evaluation of several methods and test computations have been made. KTH method was developed at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm. This method utilizes the least-squares modification of the Stokes integral for the biased, unbiased, and optimum stochastic solutions. The modified Bruns-Stokes integral combines the regional terrestrial gravity data with a global geopotential model (GGM) (R. Kiamehr, 2006). DFHRS (Digital Finite-Element Height Reference Surface) method has been developed at the Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Geomatics (R. Jäger, 1999). In the DFHRS concept the area is divided into smaller finite elements - meshes. The height reference surface N in each mesh is calculated by a polynomial in term of (x,y) coordinates. Each group of meshes form a patch, which are related to a set of individual parameters, which are introduced by the datum parametrizations. As an input data the European Gravimetric Geoid Model 1997 (EGG97) and 102 GNSS/levelling points were used. In order to improve the Latvian geoid model quality and accuracy the development of mobile digital zenith telescope for determination of vertical deflections with 0.1" expected accuracy is commenced at University of Latvia, Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation. The project was started in 2010, the goal of it is to design a portable, cheap and robust instrument, using industrially

  7. 港口竞争中连云港港口发展格局研究%Research on Port Development Pattern of Lianyungang Port in Port Competition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司增绰

    2012-01-01

    统计分析1999年至2008年连云港港口发展与临港城市经济,与日照港口发展与临港城市经济的地区差异,研究发现,临港城市经济与港口发展具有相同的变化趋势,近些年,日照的港口发展与港城经济都要快于连云港的港口发展与港城经济。在港口竞争中,连云港港口发展面临着巨大的压力。文章提出了一些提升连云港港口竞争力的政策与建议。%By statistical research of regional gap between port development and port city economy in Lianyungang City and that in Rizhao City,it has heen revealed that found there is a fairly common course of development.While in recent years,the port development and port city economy in Rizhao City has outpaced that of Lianyungang.Lianyungang Port is confronted with heavy pressure in the course of port competition.Therefore,some proposals have been put forward in this paper in order to promote the city's competitive power.

  8. Consonant-vowel interactions in Modern Standard Latvian: a representational and constraint-based account

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Urek

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article I provide a representational and a constraint-based analysis of four interacting palatalization processes operative in Modern Standard Latvian: velar affrication, velar palatalization, yod-palatalization and front vowel raising. The main advantage of the representational account developed here is that it treats all of the mentioned Latvian processes as strictly assimilatory, and at the same time avoids purely stipulative mechanisms characteristic of many feature-geometric approaches to cross-category interactions. The article also contributes to the debate on the role of geometric subsegmental representations in constraint-based computational models, by demonstrating that a principled account of locality, transparency and blocking effects in Latvian palatalization requires the reference to hierarchical autosegmental structures.

  9. Black Sea port development - a review of coal import and export ports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edmonds, G.A. [Coeclerici Carbometal SpA (Italy)

    1997-12-31

    The ports of the Black Sea and their suitability for coal handling, and their various other advantages and disadvantages are described. The ports in the Former Soviet Union of Mariupol, Tuapse, Novorossisk, Yuzhny, Taganrog, and Poti in Russia and the Ukraine are described. The recent improvements at Varna in Bulgaria and Constanza in Romania are also noted. 9 refs.

  10. Current problems in Russian-Latvian relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mezhevich Nikolay

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Current relations between Russia and Latvia are still influenced by a series of mutual claims that appeared after the demise of the USSR. Latvia — as well as Estonia and Lithuania — is both an EU and NATO member state. However, unlike the above mentioned countries, its relations with Russia are developing at a more pragmatic level. Numerous political differences often result in economic losses both for Latvia and Russia. Despite the fact that Latvia has been an independent state for more than 20 years, there are still some unresolved issues in its relations with Russia. Today, relations between the two countries are often viewed through the prism of EU — Russia relations. Nonetheless, they often do not fit this context. Settling differences between Latvia and Russia will contribute to trade relations, which are increasingly important for both parties. In order to prevent and localise emerging conflicts, diplomats, politicians, and experts should interpret Russian-Latvian relations in view of the national features without referring to theoretical models based on the mythological “unity” of the three Baltic States.

  11. Paranormal beliefs of Latvian college students: a Latvian version of the revised paranormal belief scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utinans, A; Ancane, G; Tobacyk, J J; Boyraz, G; Livingston, M M; Tobacyk, J S

    2015-02-01

    A Latvian version of the Revised Paranormal Belief Scale (RPBS) was completed by 229 Latvian university students. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed six relatively independent factors labeled Magical Abilities, Psychokinesis, Traditional Religious Belief, Superstition, Spirit Travel, and Extraordinary Life Forms. Based on the motivational-control model, it was hypothesized that the societal stressors affecting Latvian society during the last 50 yr. have led to a reduced sense of personal control which, in turn, has resulted in increased endorsement of paranormal beliefs to re-establish a sense of control. The motivational-control hypothesis was not supported. Results indicated that (except for Traditional Religious Belief in women), the majority of these students were disbelievers in paranormal phenomena. As hypothesized, Latvian women reported significantly greater paranormal belief than men.

  12. 32 CFR 644.424 - Development of public port or industrial facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Development of public port or industrial... Interests § 644.424 Development of public port or industrial facilities. (a) Authority. Section 108 of Pub... public port or industrial facilities. (b) Limitation. Only lands within a navigation project will be made...

  13. Development of five port reflectometer for reflection based sensing system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baharuddin, S. A.; Cheng, E. M.; Lee, K. Y.; Zaaba, S. K.; Syahirah, K. N.; Abbas, Z.; Nasir, N. F. Mohd; Afendi, M.; Zakaria, Z.

    2017-03-01

    Five-Port Reflectometer is a microwave passivedevice where it implements the six-port algorithm to measure the complex reflection coefficient of material under test (MUT) through reflection on interface between MUT and microwave sensor. Initially, the Six-Port Reflectometer (SPR) was introduced by Engen in 1977 and major component used insix-port technique was designed in many types. When Riblet and Hanssonproposed ring junction with 5 ports only on 1981. Six ports ring junction has been reduced to five ports. In this paper, a dual frequency five ports ring junction circuit was designed, simulated and fabricated for reflection based sensing system. The fabricated five port ring junction is operating at frequencies of 0.64 GHz and 2.42 GHz. The measured result had good agreement with the simulated results for dual frequencies in terms of magnitude and phase.

  14. Development of the Latvian scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers and air-conditioning systems. Final report institutional set-up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-12-01

    To implement EU directive 93/76/EEC on reduction of carbon dioxide emission by increasing energy efficiency and EU directive 2002/91/EC on building energy efficiency, Latvia must establish and institutional scheme and define all the organisations involved. From a general perspective the institutional scheme must as a minimum include the following four key players: the administrator, the operating unit, the auditors or independent experts, and finally the client. Furthermore, institutions dealing with financing of energy efficiency improvement activities, training and certification of experts, information about auditing and energy efficiency etc. need to be involved. At present there is no governmental or private Latvian organisation that could fully rearrange and assume the duties of an energy audit scheme secretariat. It is therefore recommended initially to place the secretariat as a separate, new unit within the Ministry of Economy, financed by the Ministry of Economy, with the intention of establishing at a later stage (after e.g. 5 years) a separate, new agency, an Energy Efficiency Agency partly financed by the incomes from the energy audit and boiler inspection schemes. The Secretariat should, both in its initial phase and later, assign the tasks of training, information campaigns, quality assurance and evaluation to external organisations. (BA)

  15. The role of port operations in the development of cruise tourism: The case of port of Antalya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şirvan Şen Demir

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Cruise tourism, which is evaluated within marine tourism, has significant environmental, economic, and socio-cultural impacts on visited ports. Cruise tourism is an activity that provides economic income to the harbors and creates new jobs. The cruise tourism has an increasing demand in the recent years because cruise ship visitors both have an opportunity to see many countries and cities in a short time and have a vacation on a luxury ship, which has a comfort standard like a holiday village.  With her historical, cultural and natural attractions, Turkey is located in very strategic and convenient point and also Turkey is so close to destinations that cruise ships prefer to visit in the Mediterranean Basin. In 2014, approximately  22 million tourist travelled with cruise ships in the World and 1.8 million cruise passengers came to Turkey. The aim of this study is evaluate the development of cruise tourism in Turkey in terms of port operations.  In previous studies it has focused on the development of cruise tourism but has not been evaluated in terms of port operations perspective. Semi-structured interview technique was used in the study and interviewed with General Manager of Antalya Global Ports Holding, which is one of Turkey’s most important port operations. Turkey  and in the World cruise tourism is compared and has been reached important information about the development of cruise tourism.

  16. Female Leaders in a Radical Right Movement: The Latvian National Front

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stasulane, Anita

    2017-01-01

    Gender is the central axis around which the transformation of radical right forces is taking place: a new type of movement is emerging which is not excessively masculine. Latvia is experiencing an increase in women's participation in the radical right, the Latvian National Front (LNF) being a vivid example. The development of the LNF was…

  17. Female Leaders in a Radical Right Movement: The Latvian National Front

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stasulane, Anita

    2017-01-01

    Gender is the central axis around which the transformation of radical right forces is taking place: a new type of movement is emerging which is not excessively masculine. Latvia is experiencing an increase in women's participation in the radical right, the Latvian National Front (LNF) being a vivid example. The development of the LNF was…

  18. Financial Literacy of Latvian Citizens: Findings and Conclusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guna Ciemleja

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The global financial crisis and financial stability issues of the Eurozone countries have demonstrated that the total of financial knowledge and skills of the population that lets people make informed and efficient decisions is of utmost importance. Considering high social importance of financial education, it is necessary to develop a knowledge platform to increase the level of financial literacy. The results obtained in the process of assessment of the level of individual's financial literacy provide information on the factors, which reduce financial efficiency and cause unnecessary costs. Despite a vast body of international experience in the field of financial literacy assessment, one of the main problems is to develop a measuring instrument, which can ensure valid results and can be adapted to the socio-economic and demographic conditions of a definite country. Therefore, in 2015, academic personnel of the Department of Finance, Faculty of Engineering Economics and Management of Riga Technical University conducted research within the project «Enhancing Latvian Citizens' Securitability through Development of the Financial Literacy» and developed an instrument for assessment of the level of financial literacy, which can be used to evaluate financial knowledge of the Latvian citizens taking into consideration all components of financial literacy. The results are briefly described in the current paper.

  19. EU Enlargement and Latvian Citizenship Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen M. Morris

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available This article examines whether its desire to join the European Union exerted any influence upon Latvian nationality policy. The author concludes that external pressure upon Latvian policymakers during the accession process led to a significantly more liberal and inclusive citizenship law than might have otherwise been adopted. The analysis includes an assessment of current concerns in nationality and minority policy in Latvia including the large number and status of non-citizens, the application of language legislation, and the reform of the education system. EU membership is expected to make Latvian citizenship more attractive for non-citizens and the country will continue to be required to meet its international obligations regarding treatment of the non-citizen population and minorities. However, there is a risk that the completion of accession negotiations and accompanying reduction in European Commission influence coupled with intense pressure on limited economic and administrative resources in the new member states will sideline respect for and protection of minority rights.

  20. Strengthening Intera-ctionof City and Port to Promote Economic Development in Qinhuangdao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua; Yan

    2013-01-01

    Based on the theory of relationship between port and city and the theory of life cycle of the interactive development between the port and city,this article analyses the present situation of Qinhuangdao harbor city interactive development,and gives the policy Suggestions aiming at the problems.

  1. Weakest link or strongest node? Prospects for inland port development in transnational European corridors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Witte, P.A.; Wiegmans, Bart

    2015-01-01

    In a context of increasing global freight transportation and transnational corridor development, inland ports are becoming more important in enhancing hinterland accessibility of deep-sea ports. At the same time, however, when considering the ‘weakest link’ principle, the increasing reliance on inla

  2. Critical mass for the development of a new container port in Vlissingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wiegmans, B.; Konings, J.W.; Priemus, H.

    2009-01-01

    The economic importance of accommodating container transport and the increasing demand for container-handling capacity are major triggers for conventional ports to develop container terminals. The port of Vlissingen, located between Rotterdam and Antwerp, is aspiring to gain a position in deep-sea c

  3. Impacts of Global Manufacturing Trends on Port Development: The Case of Hong Kong1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham Zhang

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Global manufacturing trends may have profound implications for regional port development. This paper studies Hong Kong port (HKP, which has been one of the world's busiest container ports since the 1990s. In recent years, global manufacturers have started to move away from its primary cargo base, the Chinese Pearl River Delta. This study investigates impacts of the emerging global manufacturing trends on HKP development. It is found that relocation of manufacturing to Western Guangdong benefits HKP, while other relocation destinations make HKP less attractive or even irrelevant. Based on the findings, government policies are discussed that may be formulated to support the growth of the port and wider port-related economy.

  4. Branding elements : A study of the largest Latvian companies

    OpenAIRE

    Rageviciusa, Dina

    2014-01-01

    The thesis studied branding elements and management in the largest Latvian companies. The objective of the research is to provide overview information of branding elements, which are used among the largest Latvian companies. The theoretical framework consists of information about the most common and significant branding elements, their management and impact including what the successful use of branding elements can bring to the company. All that was viewed from three scopes – theory, exam...

  5. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia developing within a port wine stain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manton, Robert N; Itinteang, Tinte; de Jong, Sophie; Brasch, Helen D; Tan, Swee T

    2016-01-01

    A 19-year-old male with a port wine stain on the base of his neck presented with a 5-month history of gradual thickening of the involved skin which interfered with clothing and caused repeated bleeding. The lesion was excised and histopathologic examination revealed angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) arising from the pre-existing port wine stain - a rare finding with only one previously reported case. Additionally the lesion was associated with elevated serum renin levels which virtually normalized following excision of the lesion. We further demonstrated the expression of angiotensin converting enzyme and angiotensin II receptors 1 and 2 by the lesion and discuss the possible role of the renin-angiotensin system in this condition.

  6. Promoting intermodal freight transport through the development of dry ports in Asia: An environmental perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shinya Hanaoka

    2011-07-01

    This study reviews the status of intermodal freight transport in Asia from an environmental perspective. It examines intermodal transport opportunities presented by the development of inland dry ports in hinterland locations. This paper also reviews selected case studies of dry port development in Asia. Finally, we present the lessons to be learned for the promotion of intermodal freight transport from selected Asian countries as well as the policy options available.

  7. Concept development for the ITER equatorial port visible∕infrared wide angle viewing system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichle, R; Beaumont, B; Boilson, D; Bouhamou, R; Direz, M-F; Encheva, A; Henderson, M; Huxford, R; Kazarian, F; Lamalle, Ph; Lisgo, S; Mitteau, R; Patel, K M; Pitcher, C S; Pitts, R A; Prakash, A; Raffray, R; Schunke, B; Snipes, J; Diaz, A Suarez; Udintsev, V S; Walker, C; Walsh, M

    2012-10-01

    The ITER equatorial port visible∕infrared wide angle viewing system concept is developed from the measurement requirements. The proposed solution situates 4 viewing systems in the equatorial ports 3, 9, 12, and 17 with 4 views each (looking at the upper target, the inner divertor, and tangentially left and right). This gives sufficient coverage. The spatial resolution of the divertor system is 2 times higher than the other views. For compensation of vacuum-vessel movements, an optical hinge concept is proposed. Compactness and low neutron streaming is achieved by orienting port plug doglegs horizontally. Calibration methods, risks, and R&D topics are outlined.

  8. Concept development for the ITER equatorial port visible/infrared wide angle viewing system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reichle, R.; Beaumont, B.; Boilson, D.; Bouhamou, R.; Direz, M.-F.; Encheva, A.; Henderson, M.; Kazarian, F.; Lamalle, Ph.; Lisgo, S.; Mitteau, R.; Patel, K. M.; Pitcher, C. S.; Pitts, R. A.; Prakash, A.; Raffray, R.; Schunke, B.; Snipes, J.; Diaz, A. Suarez; Udintsev, V. S. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, 13115 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); and others

    2012-10-15

    The ITER equatorial port visible/infrared wide angle viewing system concept is developed from the measurement requirements. The proposed solution situates 4 viewing systems in the equatorial ports 3, 9, 12, and 17 with 4 views each (looking at the upper target, the inner divertor, and tangentially left and right). This gives sufficient coverage. The spatial resolution of the divertor system is 2 times higher than the other views. For compensation of vacuum-vessel movements, an optical hinge concept is proposed. Compactness and low neutron streaming is achieved by orienting port plug doglegs horizontally. Calibration methods, risks, and R and D topics are outlined.

  9. Assessment of Ports for Offshore Wind Development in the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elkinton, Chris [DNV GL; Blatiak, Alicia; Ameen, Hafsa

    2014-03-21

    As offshore wind energy develops in the United States, port facilities will become strategic hubs in the offshore wind farm supply chain because all plant and transport logistics must transit through these facilities. Therefore, these facilities must provide suitable infrastructure to meet the specific requirements of the offshore wind industry. As a result, it is crucial that federal and state policy-makers and port authorities take effective action to position ports in the offshore wind value chain to take best advantage of their economic potential. The U.S. Department of Energy tasked the independent consultancy GL Garrad Hassan (GL GH) with carrying out a review of the current capability of U.S. ports to support offshore wind project development and an assessment of the challenges and opportunities related to upgrading this capability to support the growth of as many as 54 gigawatts of offshore wind installed in U.S. waters by 2030. The GL GH report and the open-access web-based Ports Assessment Tool resulting from this study will aid decision-makers in making informed decisions regarding the choice of ports for specific offshore projects, and the types of investments that would be required to make individual port facilities suitable to serve offshore wind manufacturing, installation and/or operations. The offshore wind industry in the United States is still in its infancy and this study finds that additional port facilities capable of supporting offshore wind projects are needed to meet the anticipated project build-out by 2030; however, no significant barriers exist to prevent the development of such facilities. Furthermore, significant port capabilities are in place today with purpose-build port infrastructure currently being built. While there are currently no offshore wind farms operating in the United States, much of the infrastructure critical to the success of such projects does exist, albeit in the service of other industries. This conclusion is based

  10. Responsible innovation in port development: the Rotterdam Maasvlakte 2 and the Dalian Dayao Bay extension projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravesteijn, Wim; Liu, Yi; Yan, Ping

    2015-01-01

    The paper outlines and specifies 'responsible port innovation', introducing the development of a methodological and procedural step-by-step plan for the implementation and evaluation of (responsible) innovations. Subsequently, it uses this as a guideline for the analysis and evaluation of two case-studies. The construction of the Rotterdam Maasvlakte 2 Port meets most of the formulated requirements, though making values more explicit and treating it as a process right from the start could have benefitted the project. The Dalian Dayao Port could improve its decision-making procedures in several respects, including the introduction of new methods to handle value tensions. Both projects show that public support is crucial in responsible port innovation and that it should be not only a multi-faceted but also a multi-level strategy.

  11. Corrective Feedback in L2 Latvian Classrooms: Teacher Perceptions versus the Observed Actualities of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilans, Gatis

    2016-01-01

    This two-part study aims to investigate teacher perceptions about providing oral corrective feedback (CF) to minority students of Latvian as a second language and compare the perceptions to the actual provision of CF in L2 Latvian classrooms. The survey sample represents sixty-six L2 Latvian teachers while the classroom observations involved 13…

  12. The Windows serial port programming handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Bai, Ying

    2004-01-01

    The fundamentals of serial port communications. Serial port programming in ANSI C and Assembly languages for MS-DOS. Serial ports interface developed in VC++ 6.0. Serial port programming in Visual Basic. Serial port programming in LabVIEW. Serial port programming in MATLAB. Serial port programming in Smalltalk. Serial port programming in Java.

  13. Assessment of Ports for Offshore Wind Development in the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elkinton, Chris [DNV GL; Blatiak, Alicia; Ameen, Hafsa

    2014-03-21

    As offshore wind energy develops in the United States, port facilities will become strategic hubs in the offshore wind farm supply chain because all plant and transport logistics must transit through these facilities. Therefore, these facilities must provide suitable infrastructure to meet the specific requirements of the offshore wind industry. As a result, it is crucial that federal and state policy-makers and port authorities take effective action to position ports in the offshore wind value chain to take best advantage of their economic potential. The U.S. Department of Energy tasked the independent consultancy GL Garrad Hassan (GL GH) with carrying out a review of the current capability of U.S. ports to support offshore wind project development and an assessment of the challenges and opportunities related to upgrading this capability to support the growth of as many as 54 gigawatts of offshore wind installed in U.S. waters by 2030. The GL GH report and the open-access web-based Ports Assessment Tool resulting from this study will aid decision-makers in making informed decisions regarding the choice of ports for specific offshore projects, and the types of investments that would be required to make individual port facilities suitable to serve offshore wind manufacturing, installation and/or operations. The offshore wind industry in the United States is still in its infancy and this study finds that additional port facilities capable of supporting offshore wind projects are needed to meet the anticipated project build-out by 2030; however, no significant barriers exist to prevent the development of such facilities. Furthermore, significant port capabilities are in place today with purpose-build port infrastructure currently being built. While there are currently no offshore wind farms operating in the United States, much of the infrastructure critical to the success of such projects does exist, albeit in the service of other industries. This conclusion is based

  14. Competencies for Port and Logistics Personnel: An Application of Regional Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Young-sik; McLean, Gary N.

    2008-01-01

    Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel, a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert…

  15. View from Behavioral Economics Theory: Case of Latvian Rural Entrepreneurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igo Cals

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The theory of classical economics treats entrepreneurs as subjects who make rational economic decisions. Empirical surveys prove the fact that daily economic decisions made by a separate economic entity can be explained by concepts of behavioral economics rather than classical economics. The economic behavior of entrepreneurs happens to be based on bounded rationality instead of financial justification. The objective of an economic activity presented as economically efficient can turn out to be socially important to a specific entrepreneur and not to national economy as a whole. In the EU countries, agriculture is a subsidised industry of national economy. In this light, status consumption and purchase of positional goods should create a special interest among economists. The objective of this article is to present true reasons of economic decisions made by rural entrepreneurs and to analyse the value hierarchy of Latvian rural entrepreneurs through carrying out a field work and with the help of set of instruments developed by modern economics theory.

  16. Recent Positioning Techniques for Efficient Port Operations and Development of Suez Canal Corridor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Elhattab

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The current developments in positioning techniques and communication technology have great impact on both construction and operations of ports. The majority of positioning systems for marine traffic are satellite based such as GPS. Virtual Reference Station is one of the recent high precision techniques for GNSS positioning which can be used for smart and efficient port.The advantages of using virtual reference station technique in different port operation and construction have been discussed in this paper. To apply this technique in Suez Canal corridor zone, a design of Continuously Operating Reference Station network has been proposed. This network can be utilized during different construction and operations phases of Suez Canal Corridor project.  

  17. Development of a Symmetric Ring Junction as a Four-Port Reflectometer for Complex Reflection Coefficient Measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.Y. Lee

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Six-port reflectometer is well-known for its ability to measure magnitude and phase-shift of microwave signal using four power detectors that perform magnitude-only measurements. This paper presents the development of an innovative symmetric ring junction as four-port reflectometer for complex reflection coefficient measurements. It reduces the number of required detectors to two. Design optimization, new calibration modeling and algorithm are discussed in details for this four-port reflectometer. The developed four-port reflectometer is compared to five-port reflectometer and vector network analyzer. It is found that the measured magnitude and phase-shift shows good performance in comparison with the commercial vector network analyzer and the five-port reflectometer.

  18. Heavy-Duty Vehicle Port Drayage Drive Cycle Characterization and Development: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prohaska, Robert; Konan, Arnaud; Kelly, Kenneth; Lammert, Michael

    2016-08-01

    In an effort to better understand the operational requirements of port drayage vehicles and their potential for adoption of advanced technologies, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) researchers collected over 36,000 miles of in-use duty cycle data from 30 Class 8 drayage trucks operating at the Port of Long Beach and Port of Los Angeles in Southern California. These data include 1-Hz global positioning system location and SAE J1939 high-speed controller area network information. Researchers processed the data through NREL's Drive-Cycle Rapid Investigation, Visualization, and Evaluation tool to examine vehicle kinematic and dynamic patterns across the spectrum of operations. Using the k-medoids clustering method, a repeatable and quantitative process for multi-mode drive cycle segmentation, the analysis led to the creation of multiple drive cycles representing four distinct modes of operation that can be used independently or in combination. These drive cycles are statistically representative of real-world operation of port drayage vehicles. When combined with modeling and simulation tools, these representative test cycles allow advanced vehicle or systems developers to efficiently and accurately evaluate vehicle technology performance requirements to reduce cost and development time while ultimately leading to the commercialization of advanced technologies that meet the performance requirements of the port drayage vocation. The drive cycles, which are suitable for chassis dynamometer testing, were compared to several existing test cycles. This paper presents the clustering methodology, accompanying results of the port drayage duty cycle analysis and custom drive cycle creation.

  19. Macrofouling community development at tropical coastal environment (New Mangalore Port, West Coast of India)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Venkat, K.; Anil, A.C.; Wagh, A.B.

    to evaluate the influence of environment on the development of macrofouling community at a locality which is not directly influenced by river run-off, a coastal station at New Mangalore Port (West coast of India) was monitored. Panels of admeasuring 10 x 15...

  20. Learning To Learn for the Customs Brokers Exam. The Port of Baltimore Workplace Skills Development Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janiszewski, Kathryn; Permut, Cathy

    This set of learning modules was developed during a project to deliver workplace literacy instruction to individuals employed in the more than 50 businesses related to the activities of the Port of Baltimore. It is intended to prepare students for the Customs Brokers examination within a 6-week course period. Actual material from past Customs…

  1. SMT of Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian languages: a comparative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Khalilov; L. Pretkalniņa; N. Kuvaldina; V. Pereseina

    2010-01-01

    This paper is an attempt to discover the main challenges in working with Baltic and Estonian languages, and to identify the most significant sources of errors generated by a SMT system trained on large-vocabulary parallel corpora from legislative domain. An immense distinction between Latvian/Lithua

  2. Narratives of Landscape in Latvian History and Memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vieda Skultans

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Latvian landscape has played a crucial, albeit changing, role in Latvian conceptions of identity. The nineteenth-century nationalist movement was articulated in terms of the relationship between land and people. During the independence period a uniquely local vision of the landscape was nurtured by art and literature, which encouraged a reverence for the landscape. Simultaneously, government policy encouraged agriculture, which flourished. Thus, the Soviets, following their occupation, entered a 'historically saturated landscape' and adopted as their remit the destruction of that landscape. My paper traces the semantic history of Latvian landscape and examines its role in providing a still point in personal narratives of loss and displacement. I conclude that the Soviets only partially succeeded in their mission of destruction. Although they succeeded in changing the physical face of the landscape and farming they were unable to destroy the pastoral vision which is a component of so many Latvian narratives. Our native hearth, Is burning in the sky, In order to come home, We do not open the door, But the cover of a book. We cannot learn from a snail, because home is not a refuge for us, But we will be a refuge for the homeland. Māra Zālīte

  3. Modeling integrated urban water systems in developing countries: case study of Port Vila, Vanuatu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poustie, Michael S; Deletic, Ana

    2014-12-01

    Developing countries struggle to provide adequate urban water services, failing to match infrastructure with urban expansion. Despite requiring an improved understanding of alternative infrastructure performance when considering future investments, integrated modeling of urban water systems is infrequent in developing contexts. This paper presents an integrated modeling methodology that can assist strategic planning processes, using Port Vila, Vanuatu, as a case study. 49 future model scenarios designed for the year 2050, developed through extensive stakeholder participation, were modeled with UVQ (Urban Volume and Quality). The results were contrasted with a 2015 model based on current infrastructure, climate, and water demand patterns. Analysis demonstrated that alternative water servicing approaches can reduce Port Vila's water demand by 35 %, stormwater generation by 38 %, and nutrient release by 80 % in comparison to providing no infrastructural development. This paper demonstrates that traditional centralized infrastructure will not solve the wastewater and stormwater challenges facing rapidly growing urban cities in developing countries.

  4. The air quality impact of the port of Amsterdam on its environment: Development of an air quality tool

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klok, L.; Breemen, T. van; Hulskotte, J.

    2011-01-01

    Due to the expansion of the Port of Amsterdam, Urban development and the construction of new highways, air pollution levels are about to exceed European guidelines in and around the port region of Amsterdam. To assess the air quality in this region and the impact of theport emissions on its

  5. Port, city, territory: economic development and urban quality in the case study of Salerno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Annunziata

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cities are the collective expression of a society and in seaside cities this phenomenon acquires peculiar values, since maritime communities share a unitary identity in the remarkable link with maritime essence, ships and navigation. Maritime urban landscape may be really perceived only from the sea and during navigation, through a dynamic perception able to give its complexity back. Architecture in seaside cities is rooted in the sea itself, which shapes the urban landscape, fosters the cultural evolution, affects social dynamics and makes economy be on the move. The ever rising sea trades, brought about markets’ globalization, fostered port’s development, which, if well run, is still today able to provide new opportunities for sea towns. The approach to an urban planning focused on a “from the sea” perspective suggests to deal with both the port and urban dimensions. Through this kind of approach, the Port may acquire a new leading role in the renewal of urban coastal areas, becoming, thus, the driving force of its (selfdevelopment and, at the same time, of the local urban sustainable development. Rather than being univocal, the relationship between city and port constitutes a quite complex continuous process, which calls for physical and cultural changes, often difficult to deal with and fulfill; a process in which different subjects and resources, often at odds, are involved. In this study approach we will focus on Salerno, where, through the cultural continuity of maritime tradition, the rise of port activities has been matched with an urban vision designed to reshape the urban waterfront (Fig.1. Salerno has identified policies and methods designed to undertake a renewal — along with Administration, Port Authority and Private Citizens — by sharing actions and projects to make waterfront more suitable and “tantalizing”, to improve the quality of urban life and, simultaneously, to take advantage of the potential of these

  6. Port Development in Latin America: A Key to U.S. Objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-01

    export . . . Between January and September 1990, foreign investment in Colombia plummeted by 68 percent compared to the same period in 1989. Tourism also...suffered; restaurant sales, passenger air traffic, and hotel occupancy rates registered steep declines from 1989 to 1990. Residential construction...needs. Computer-automated cargo manifest systems have been developed that can provide much earlier notice to ports and agents on inbound cargo to

  7. Associations of HLA DR and DQ molecules with Lyme borreliosis in Latvian patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovalchuka Lilija

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many autoimmune diseases are associated with variants of HLA genes such as those encoding the MHC complex. This correlation is not absolute, but may help in understanding of the molecular mechanism of disease. The purpose of this study was to determine HLA-DR,-DQ alleles in Latvian patients with Lyme borreliosis and control (healthy persons. Case patients and control subjects were similar in age, gender and ethnic heritage and differed only as regards the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi infection. The study included 25 patients with clinical stage – erythema migrans and 30 control (healthy persons. HLA genotyping was performed by PCR with sequence-specific primers. Results The results show difference in HLA-DRB1 alleles distribution between patients and control subjects. The frequencies of HLA-DRB1 *04 (OR 11.24; p  Conclusions HLA predisposition to Lyme borreliosis appears not to be limited to HLA molecules, but some HLA-DR alleles also have a significant influence, and, may have implications in our understanding of pathogenesis of this disease. In particular, HLA-DRB1*04 and DRB1 *17 (03 may contribute to the Lyme borreliosis development in Latvian population

  8. Relationship between Personality Types Conceptualized by C. G. Jung and Latvian IT Specialist Preferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maris Dargis

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available General people’s personality types, as well as idiosyncrasies and cognition and perception characteristics specific to each type, are a common research item, especially in such areas as pedagogics, human resource management, etc. Personality traits characteristic for individuals and teams of certain specific avocations (i.e., project teams, however, are a much less explored subject. In this area, the amount of conducted research is congruent with the geopolitical location and directly correlates with the possibility of finding practical applications for the findings of said research. This study presents the initial findings of such research, within the scope of which the idiosyncrasies common for IT specialists were explored using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI model. These initial findings can be used as the foundation for further study on the subject, helping to create a general Latvian IT specialist’s personality profile, and, possibly, identifying the areas that need development, while taking into consideration the tendencies and requirements of the Latvian IT market, as well as those of  the labour market worldwide.

  9. The Social Representations of Soviet period in Latvian biographical discourse

    OpenAIRE

    Mārtiņš Kaprāns

    2012-01-01

    The PhD thesis demonstrates how the Latvian public biographical discourse has framed and transformed the understanding of Soviet period over the last 20 years and how these processes were influenced by autobiographers’ collective identities. The conceptual framework of the study is derived from the social representations theory that was founded at the beginning of the 1960s by French social psychologist Serge Moscovici. The empirical part of the thesis is based on three dataset...

  10. New Futures for Older Ports: Synergistic Development in a Global Urban System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joe Ravetz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Port cities are on the front-line of a changing global urban system. There are problems from restructuring of trade, logistics and ship-building, creating economic dependency, social exclusion and cultural destruction. Meanwhile, there exists new opportunities in heritage tourism, cultural industries and ecological restoration, but these opportunities often have negative impacts. This paper addresses the question of how port cities can steer from negative to positive development paths and outcomes. It sets out a way of working with inter-connected economic, social, political and technological factors—a ‘synergistic’ approach to mapping of problems and design of policy responses. Looking at three contrasting examples of port cities—Liverpool, Dubai and Mauritius—we can compare the inter-connected dynamics of growth and decline. Then we can understand the inter-connected factors of successful regeneration and sustainable prosperity, not as linear ‘policy fixes’, but more like synergistic processes of learning, innovation and capacity building. These call for new models for creative innovation in social and community enterprise: cultural heritage both old and new; new social finance and investment; socio-ecological restoration with participative governance, etc. Such pathways and opportunities are now emerging in many different locations; this paper provides methods and tools to understand them and promote them.

  11. Single-port laparoscopic surgery in children: A new alternative in developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Dhaou Mahdi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS is a technique in laparoscopic surgery, which is based on the idea that all the laparoscopic trocars are inserted through a single umbilical incision. This paper documents a single-centre experience, which performed the single-port surgery in children using an improvised trans-umbilical glove-port with conventional rigid instruments. Materials and Methods: We prospectively studied the outcomes of SILS procedures between January 2013 and June 2014. Materials required making our homemade trans-umbilical port consisted on: A flexible ring, a rigid larger ring, one powder-free surgical glove, a wire-to-skin and standard standards laparoscopic trocars. Results: A total of 90 consecutive procedures had been done in our institution: 15 girls and 75 boys (mean age: 7.5 years. We used SILS on 59 appendectomies with an average operative time of 48 minutes. We needed conversion to conventional surgery in three cases (two with perforated appendicitis and one for difficulty to mobilize the appendix. SIL cholecystectomy was performed for four patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis; mean operative time was 60 min. All patients were discharged on postoperative day 2. Eighteen boys with non-palpable testis were explored and treated. Other procedures included: Varicocelectomy (n = 2, intra-abdominal lymph node biopsies (n = 2, ovarian cystectomy (n = 1, ovarian transposition (n = 1, aspiration of renal hydatid cyst (n = 1, explorative laparoscopy in research to Meckel′s diverticulum (n = 1 and intestinal intussusceptions (n = 1. No post-operative complications were seen in all cases. Conclusions: SILS in the paediatric population using conventional rigid instruments is feasible, safe and effective. It may be an alternative to the costly commercially available single-port systems especially in a developing country like Tunisia.

  12. Opinion Mining in Latvian Text Using Semantic Polarity Analysis and Machine Learning Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gatis Špats

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we demonstrate approaches for opinion mining in Latvian text. Authors have applied, combined and extended results of several previous studies and public resources to perform opinion mining in Latvian text using two approaches, namely, semantic polarity analysis and machine learning. One of the most significant constraints that make application of opinion mining for written content classification in Latvian text challenging is the limited publicly available text corpora for classifier training. We have joined several sources and created a publically available extended lexicon. Our results are comparable to or outperform current achievements in opinion mining in Latvian. Experiments show that lexicon-based methods provide more accurate opinion mining than the application of Naive Bayes machine learning classifier on Latvian tweets. Methods used during this study could be further extended using human annotators, unsupervised machine learning and bootstrapping to create larger corpora of classified text.

  13. The Development Model of Yueyang Port Logistics%岳阳港口物流发展模式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李申; 陶婷

    2014-01-01

    文中从岳阳港口物流发展现状出发,得出岳阳迫切需要发展港口物流的结论。通过结合岳阳港口实际,运用灰色综合评价法对目前岳阳港口物流发展模式进行分析并提出最优方案。%In this paper,the current situation of development of port logistics Yueyang,the urgent need for development of port logistics Yueyang conclusions.Yueyang port through the grey comprehensive evaluation method model.Yueyang port logistics of the current model analysis and put forward the best programs.

  14. Development of the Neptune Deepwater Port: The Importance of Key Stakeholder Involvement and Benefits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silver, Marc

    2010-09-15

    In 2005, a subsidiary of GDF SUEZ began developing the Neptune LNG Deepwater Port off the coast of Massachusetts. The project met with minimal opposition and maintained a very aggressive timeline. The reasons? Productive involvement with key stakeholders and well-defined benefits. This paper outlines the systematic approach to stakeholder outreach and mitigation planning that Neptune LNG LLC took to garner project acceptance. Details of the pre-planning phase, the stakeholder outreach phase, and the project mitigation phase are all discussed. The result was a major energy project that took less than 3.5 years to permit and 1.5 years to build.

  15. Liquid phase methanol LaPorte Process Development Unit: Modification, operation, and support studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-02-28

    The LPMEOH process was conceived and patented by Chem Systems Inc. in 1975. Initial research and studies on the process focused on two distinct modes of operation. The first was a liquid fluidized mode with relatively large catalyst pellets suspended in a fluidizing liquid, and the second was an entrained (slurry) mode with fine catalyst particles slurried in an inert liquid. The development of both operating modes progressed in parallel from bench scale reactors, through an intermediate scale lab PDU, and then to the LaPorte PDU in 1984. The slurry mode of operation was ultimately chosen as the operating mode of choice due to its superior performance.

  16. Sea freight - Antwerp Port

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NEACSU Nicoleta Andreea

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Shipping plays a vital role in achieving the movement of goods, both in terms of quantity and efficiency. This paper presents the role and advantages of shipping in the global economy and analyzes the development and Antwerp Port activity. Currently, the second most important trading port in Europe and 14th in the ranking of most important ports that handle containers worldwide, the Port of Antwerp, Belgium is a port in the heart of Europe, accessible to large sized vessels. 200 years of constructing infrastructure and logistics around the central location, as well as pressure from Rotterdam, that had an impact on the competitiveness of the port of Antwerp, all this led the port to occupy a leading position in the top rankings.

  17. Pre-World War II Romania from Latvian Perspective: An Envoy's views

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ēriks Jēkabsons

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:The paper approaches the working environment and observations of Latvian envoy Ludvigs Ēķis in Romania from the autumn of 1939 when the Latvian Legation was opened in Bucharest until the summer of 1940 when the State of Latvia was liquidated. The main focus is on the Latvian-Romanian relations in this period of time, the Romanian foreign and economical policy and the reaction of Romanian statesmen and society to the events and processes of the first stage of World War: the policy of Soviet Union, Germany and Hungary, the Soviet-Finnish War and other conflicts in region and in Europe. The article is based on the materials stored in the State Archives of Latvia and particularly on Ludvigs Ekis’ reports. In a time when war was raging in Europe, Romania, too, was subject to considerable international pressure. Some similarities can be detected between the developments in this region and in the Baltic States.Rezumat:Lucrarea abordează mediul de lucru şi observaţiile ministrului leton în România Ludvigs Ēķis începând din toamna anului 1939, cand Legaţia letonă a fost deschisă la Bucureşti, până în vara anului 1940, când statul leton a fost lichidat. Lucrarea se va concentra în principal asupra relaţiilor letono-române în această perioadă de timp, asupra politicii externe şi a celei economice, a reacţiei oamenilor de stat şi a societăţii româneşti faţă de evenimente şi procese desfăşurate în prima etapă a primului război mondial: politicile Uniunii Sovietice, Germaniei şi Ungariei, Războiul sovieto-finlandez şi alte conflicte regionale şi europene. Articolul se bazează pe materiale păstrate în arhivele de stat din Letonia şi în special pe rapoartele lui Ludvigs Ēķis. Într-un moment în care războiul făcea ravagii în Europa, România a fost, de asemenea, supusă unor presiuni internaţionale considerabile. Unele similitudini pot fi detectate între evoluţiile din această regiune

  18. The relationship between anomie and participation of Latvian inhabitants in social activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levina J.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to investigate relations between different dimensions of anomie of Latvian inhabitants and their participation in social activities, as well as to find what social activities of Latvian inhabitants best predict their sense of anomie. In this research the secondary data from the third European Quality of Life Survey (European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS, 2012 was used. The Latvian sample consisted of respondents (n = 1009, aged from 18 to 92 years (male – 34.9%, female – 65.1%. To assess anomie three subscales of anomie – Social distrust, Social isolation and Meaninglessness – were used. These subscales [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] were constructed basing on the integrative multidimensional model of anomie, developed by Ļevina, Mārtinsone and Kamerāde [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6], and using questions from the third European Quality of Life Survey [7]. To measure social activities, twenty questions of the third European Quality of Life Survey were used. It was found that all three aspects of anomie – social distrust, social isolation and meaninglessness – were negatively associated with such social activities as interaction with others without doing a specific activity with them, doing an activity with others, helping others and contributing to society (civic activities. Contact by phone, the Internet or by post with a brother, sister or other relative best of all predicted social distrust. Contact by phone, the Internet or by post with any of friends or neighbours, as well as with a brother, sister or other relative together with participation in social activities in a club, society, or an association and attending a meeting of a trade union, a political party or political action group best of all predicted social isolation. Meaninglessness best of all could be predicted by contact by phone, the Internet or by post with any of friends or neighbours as well as with brother, sister or other relative and by

  19. Comparative Study on Development Models of Port Logistics in the World--Exemplified by Port of Rotterdam,Port of Singapore and Port of Hong Kong%欧亚三大港口物流发展模式的比较及其启示--以鹿特丹港、新加坡港、香港港为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建军; 胡佳

    2014-01-01

    经过比较,鹿特丹港、新加坡港、香港港的港口物流发展模式在产业发展、政策扶持、人才培养引进、港口基础设施建设、拓展增值服务功能等方面存有相同之处,但在港口管理模式、港口物流运作模式以及港口物流发展的驱动力方面存在差异。浙江舟山群岛新区应借鉴它们的成功经验,在全力建设国际物流枢纽港过程中,突出政府的重要作用,加强专业物流人才的培养引进,加大港口物流信息化建设力度,拓展港口现代物流服务功能,并有效整合港口物流资源。%The development models of port logistics in Rotterdam,Singapore and Hong Kong share similarities re-garding industry development,policy support,introduction of talents,infrastructure construction and expansion of added value service after comparison,and differ each other in respect of port management models,port logis-tics operation models and port logistics development drive. Zhejiang Zhoushan Archipelago New District should borrow their successful experience. During the process of constructing international logistics hub in full efforts ,it should accentuate the significant function of government,foster and introduce more professional logistics talents, improve the construction of port logistics information system,expand service functions of modern port logistics and effectively integrate port logistics resources.

  20. Conditional risk measure modeling for Latvian insurance companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Voronova

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Due to the current economical situation on the Latvian market insurance companies are forced to consider other possibilities of income generation. One of such opportunities could be seen in cash flows from investment operations, while managing stocks' portfolios. The process of portfolio management is tightly connected with adequate risk management. In the current paper we have used copula approach for estimating portfolio’s conditional risk measures and though to contribute to the discussion about appropriate risk management in the insurance companies.

  1. Sustainability by Education: How Latvian Heritage was Kept Alive in German Exile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franzenburg Geert

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Sustainability is one of the core challenges for education in modern times, particularly concerning cultural heritage. The study evaluates, from a German point of view, how Latvians outside of Latvia after World War II kept their cultural heritage alive by educational concepts, which can be characterized as early roots of modern sustainable education. The evaluation focus concerns a group of Latvians in Germany associated with the Latvian high school in Muenster (MLG. The study concerns the 25 years from 1957 (school relocation to Muenster until 1982 (founding of the organization “Latvian Center of Muenster e.V.” (LCM, and combines interviews and literature research. It underlines that environmental, social and heritage education can be seen as core elements of Latvian education abroad. Therefore, the study will not present a concise history of the Latvian high school in Muenster (MLG, which has already been done (Sprogis, 2009, but will concisely evaluate the educational concepts of this particular period as a model, how Latvians maintained their heritage in a sustainable way.

  2. Latvian Security and Defense Policy within the Twenty-First Century Security Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rublovskis Raimonds

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze fundamental factors which form and profoundly shape security and defense policy of the Republic of Latvia. One can argue that historical background, geographical location, common institutional history within the former Soviet Union, the Russia factor, the relative smallness of the territory of state and the population, the ethnic composition of the population, the low density of the population and rather limited financial and manpower resources available for the defense of the Republic of Latvia are the key factors of influence on the state security and defense policy. The core principles of the security and defense policy of Latvia are the membership in powerful global military alliance of NATO and bilateral strategic partnership with the United States. However, security and defense cooperation among the three Baltic States as well as enhanced cooperation within the Baltic-Nordic framework is seen as an important supplementary factor for the increased security of the Republic of Latvia. Latvia has developed a sustainable legal and institutional framework in order to contribute to state security and defense; however, security challenges and significant changes within the global security environment of the twenty-first century will further challenge the ability of the Republic of Latvia to sustain its current legal framework, and more importantly, current institutional structure of Latvian security and defense architecture. Significant internal and external challenges will impact the fundamental pillars of Latvian security and defense policy, such as American strategic shift to the Pacific, and lack of political will to increase defense budgets in European part of NATO. It has to be clear that very independence, security and defense of the Republic of Latvia depend on the ability of NATO to remain an effective organization with timely and efficient decision-making, and the ability of the United States to remain

  3. Peritoneal Ports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... during port placement. If you are not staying overnight at the hospital, you should rest at home ... small incisions. Peritoneal ports have a substantially lower rate of infection compared with other access devices. Peritoneal ...

  4. The Latvian Legion (1943-1945) and Its Role in Latvia’s History

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    initiative Thanks to the historians like Timothy Snyder , today the Western world has access to a variety of information on the actual events...and Thomas Lane. The Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. London: Routledge, 2002. Snyder , Timothy . Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and...by EDMUNDS SVENCS, MAJOR, LATVIAN ARMED FORCES B.A., Latvian National Defense Academy, Riga, 2000 M.A., Riga Teacher Training and Educational

  5. Ports of Luxury : strategic management behind Luxury Port Wine

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, Joana Tabita Alves

    2015-01-01

    Douro Valley is the first demarcated wine region of the world. It undoubtedly provides a powerful foundation to build a luxury brand, through the legacy and tradition of Port wine. Given the recent market entrance of luxury Port wines and luxury strategy latest developments, the present dissertation will propose a Port wine luxury strategy – how to increase brand equity, to develop and to communicate a luxury Port wine. Based upon theory and quantitative investigation, this research attemp...

  6. Inland waterway ports nodal attraction indices relevant in development strategies on regional level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinu, O.; Burciu, Ş.; Oprea, C.; Ilie, A.; Rosca, M.

    2016-08-01

    Present paper aims to propose a set of ranking indices and related criteria, concerning mainly spatial analysis, for the inland waterway port, with special view on inland ports of Danube. Commonly, the attraction potential of a certain transport node is assessed by its spatial accessibility indices considering both spatial features of the location provided by the networks that connect into that node and its economic potential defining the level of traffic flows depending on the economic centers of its hinterland. Paper starts with a overview of the critical needs that are required for potential sites to become inland waterway ports and presents nodal functions that coexist at different levels, leading to a port hierarchy from the points of view of: capacity, connection to hinterland, traffic structure and volume. After a brief review of the key inland waterway port ranking criterion, a selection of nodal attraction measures is made. Particular considerations for the Danube inland port case follows proposed methodology concerning indices of performance for network scale and centrality. As expected, the shorter the distance from an inland port to the nearest access point the greater accessibility. Major differences in ranking, dependent on selected criterion, were registered.

  7. An assessment of seabed conditions for port development: A case study of Nagore - east coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Pathak, M.C.; Subrahmanyam, V.; Hashimi, N.H.; Gujar, A.R.; Nigam, R.; Kotnala, K.L.

    The knowledge of the seabed engineering parameters is a pre-requisite for any meaningful attempt to evolve plans and strategies for port developments. The close track spacing (50-100 m) of data sets on bathymetry, sub-bottom profiling, seafloor...

  8. Port investment: towards an integrated planning of port capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dekker, S.

    2005-01-01

    This study supports strategic planning of a node in a transportation network. It contributes to this by the development of a methodology for planning of port capacity in which port-commercial and public interests are integrated. The focus is the reaction of a single port on a change in the transport

  9. Port investment: towards an integrated planning of port capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dekker, S.

    2005-01-01

    This study supports strategic planning of a node in a transportation network. It contributes to this by the development of a methodology for planning of port capacity in which port-commercial and public interests are integrated. The focus is the reaction of a single port on a change in the transport

  10. New Futures for Older Ports: Synergistic Development in a Global Urban System

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Joe Ravetz

    2013-01-01

      Port cities are on the front-line of a changing global urban system. There are problems from restructuring of trade, logistics and ship-building, creating economic dependency, social exclusion and cultural destruction...

  11. A bright weekend: THE Port develops a better solution for the “Children of the Night”

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2015-01-01

    THE Port Hackathon took place at CERN and Geneva’s Campus Biotech from 2 to 4 October. Among the various prototypes presented at the final event was a novel solution for the special mask that children suffering from xeroderma pigmentosum have to wear to reduce their risk of getting skin cancer. The whole initiative was triggered by an article published in one of the summer issues of the Bulletin.   Developing and testing the mask prototype at THE Port Hackathon, 2015. (Images: Andrey Loginov, Pierre Freyermuth, Antonio Bellotta/ THE Port)   “The improvements are really substantial and have made the president of the French Children of the Night Association really happy!” says Andy Butterworth from the team that worked on developing a prototype for a new mask during THE Port Hackathon. In his “normal” professional life, Andy is a radio-frequency expert working in the Beams department. During the hackathon, he worked with colleagues from CE...

  12. Modernizatsija portovoi infrastrukturõ i razvitije baltiiskihh portov = Modernization of port infrastructure and development of the Baltic ports / Christel Wiman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiman, Christel

    2004-01-01

    11.-12. oktoobrini Peterburis toimunud konverentsil peetud ettekanne. Läänemere äärsete sadamate organisatsioonist Baltic Ports Organization. Statistilisi andmeid Läänemere sadamate kohta. Kaardid, diagramm, graafikud. Lisa: Christel Wiman

  13. Modernizatsija portovoi infrastrukturõ i razvitije baltiiskihh portov = Modernization of port infrastructure and development of the Baltic ports / Christel Wiman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiman, Christel

    2004-01-01

    11.-12. oktoobrini Peterburis toimunud konverentsil peetud ettekanne. Läänemere äärsete sadamate organisatsioonist Baltic Ports Organization. Statistilisi andmeid Läänemere sadamate kohta. Kaardid, diagramm, graafikud. Lisa: Christel Wiman

  14. A Study on Port Alliance between Incheon Port and Major Ports in Northern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tae-Won Chung

    2009-01-01

    <正>Recently,amount of cargoes from main ports in Northeast Asia have rapidly increased,and as well surplus port development in same region corresponded with the boom in external trade that resulted from successful export-oriented economics strategy by China,Japan and South Korea.To cope with this business circumstances, a certain form of port alliance is desperately needed to provide a suitable service to customer and establish their countervailing power against the shipping alliance.Nevertheless,Incheon seaport has not made a definite port alliance system with main ports in Northern China yet.Thus,the purpose of this study is to identify the key success factors to form a port alliance through examining previous studies.We have benchmarked previous studies which are related to main ports in global region and the questionnaire on customers of ports.By studying this,we are able to suggest a few strategies for forming successful port alliance to enhance Incheon port’s capabilities in the long term plan.As a policy proposal,this study suggests Incheon port and main ports in Northern China should construct a logistics infrastructure through mutual investment and provide an incentive system when the ocean carrier makes port call to both ports.

  15. Liquid phase fluid dynamic (methanol) run in the LaPorte alternative fuels development unit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bharat L. Bhatt

    1997-05-01

    A fluid dynamic study was successfully completed in a bubble column at DOE's Alternative Fuels Development Unit (AFDU) in LaPorte, Texas. Significant fluid dynamic information was gathered at pilot scale during three weeks of Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOJP) operations in June 1995. In addition to the usual nuclear density and temperature measurements, unique differential pressure data were collected using Sandia's high-speed data acquisition system to gain insight on flow regime characteristics and bubble size distribution. Statistical analysis of the fluctuations in the pressure data suggests that the column was being operated in the churn turbulent regime at most of the velocities considered. Dynamic gas disengagement experiments showed a different behavior than seen in low-pressure, cold-flow work. Operation with a superficial gas velocity of 1.2 ft/sec was achieved during this run, with stable fluid dynamics and catalyst performance. Improvements included for catalyst activation in the design of the Clean Coal III LPMEOH{trademark} plant at Kingsport, Tennessee, were also confirmed. In addition, an alternate catalyst was demonstrated for LPMEOH{trademark}.

  16. Petroleum hydrocarbons in water from a Brazilian tropical estuary facing industrial and port development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemos, Rafael Thompson de Oliveira; de Carvalho, Paulo Sérgio Martins; Zanardi-Lamardo, Eliete

    2014-05-15

    A fast paced industrial and port development has occurred at Suape Estuary, Northeast Brazil, but no information about hydrocarbon concentrations in water is available to this area. Considering that, the contamination level of Suape was determined by UV-Fluorescence in terms of dissolved and/or dispersed petroleum hydrocarbons (DDPHs), during wet and dry seasons. DDPHs ranged between 0.05 and 4.59 μg L(-1) Carmópolis oil equivalents and 0.01-1.39 μg L(-1) chrysene equivalents, indicating DDPHs close to a baseline contamination level. Some relatively high concentrations (>1 μg L(-1)) were probably associated with shipyard operations (hull paintings and ship docking), pollutants remobilization by dredging operations, occasional industrial discharges and oil derivatives released by vessels. DDPHs concentrations were lower in the wet season suggesting that the increased dilution rates caused by rainfall dominated upon the wet deposition of atmospheric combustion-derived PAHs process. Results in this study may be used as baseline to further studies in this area. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. The Interrelationship of Religion and Magic in the Experience\tof Latvians in Timofeyevka, Siberia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aigars Lielbardis

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Groups of texts about seasonal celebrations, family customs and charmers are examined in this article in order to reveal the interrelationship of magic and religion in Latvian traditional culture in Timofeyevka. The recollections and knowledge of informants, recorded in 2004 and 2006, during fieldwork in Timofeyevka, have been supplemented with examples published in the 19th and 20th centuries, as well as recently documented examples of Latvian folklore in Latvia. The entire year of seasonal celebrations, which have become closely associated with the Catholic calendar – Christmas, Epiphany, Easter, Pentecost, Midsummer, and the remembrance of the dead in the autumn – has been examined. Annual festivities celebrated in the Latvian community have merged with Slavic festivals, for example, Easter, Pentecost and Midsummer traditions. In the recollections of family customs descriptions of funeral customs dominate over christenings and weddings. Notions of the supernatural are revealed in the stories of personal experience about healing, as well as in belief legends, which tell about the unusual ability of a person to transform into an animal or object. The experiences of the Latvian community of Timofeyevka concerning religion (official religion and magic (unofficial religion cannot be differentiated, because they represent a unified conceptual system in which one adds to the other. The rich traditional cultural heritage in Timofeyevka has been preserved due to the location of the village far away from large cities and main roads, and also due to the Latvian community’s large population numbers in the past.

  18. Port Access Cardiac Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viganó, Mario; Minzioni, Gaetano; Spreafico, Patrizio; Rinaldi, Mauro; Pasquino, Stefano; Ceriana, Piero; Locatelli, Alessandro

    2000-10-01

    The port-access technique for cardiac surgery was recently developed at Stanford University in California as a less invasive method to perform some cardiac operations. The port-access system has been described in detail elsewhere. It is based on femoral arterial and venous access for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and on the adoption of a specially designed triple-lumen catheter described originally by Peters, and subsequently modified and developed in the definitive configuration called the endoaortic clamp.

  19. French ports - seeking competitive edge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beechener, J.

    1992-12-01

    The Port Reform Law of July 1992 provides the basis upon which working practices at all major French ports are now modelled. The article examines the new employment arrangements and the implications for dry bulk trade. The legislation means ports are relieved of surplus labour capacity and no longer tied by traditional work practices. The article also considers recent trade news such as the GATT negotiations. Port development projects are previewed at major ports including Dunkerque, Le Havre, Rouen, Nantes/St Nazaire, Lorient, La Rochelle/Pallice, Brest, Bordeaux, Calais, Strasbourg, Paris and Sete. 5 tabs., 12 photos.

  20. Development of an x-ray irradiation port for biomedical applications at the CUEBIT facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medlin, D.; Heffron, W.; Siegel, A.; Wilson, K.; Klingenberger, A.; Gall, A.; Rusin, M.; Dean, D.; Takacs, E.

    2015-01-01

    Because of the importance of x-ray interactions in modern medicine, efforts must be made to combine the fields of biology and physics. This paper reviews the development of an x-ray irradiation port that allows us to study the interaction of x-rays generated by highly charged ions with biological material, such as stem and cancer cells. Our goal is to better understand these interactions in order to improve the techniques of x-ray therapy by narrowing and specifically selecting the range of radiation energies applied. Using the Clemson University Electron Beam Ion Trap (CUEBIT), the generation of quasi-monochromatic x- rays from highly charged ions is possible. In order to maintain the integrity of the cells being studied, the cell culture needs to be oriented horizontally during the irradiation process. This poses a problem, as the highly charged ion beam generated at the CUEBIT is also oriented horizontally. Therefore, we have designed a system that employs a quadrupole bender that directs the ion beam vertically, which allows for the production of x-rays directly under the cell culture. The experimental station consists of a vacuum chamber that attaches to the end of the beam line. This chamber houses the quadrupole bender, a beryllium window for generating x-rays, and the interface between the beryllium window and the cell culture. X-rays must transmit through the bottom of a flask before they interact with the cells. Hence, we implement a procedure to replace the bottom of the flask with a thin layer of Mylar, allowing x-rays to penetrate through easily. We will use this system to study the effects of monochromatic x- rays on stem cells, cancer cells, and their associated proteins.

  1. Development of the SAIT single-port surgical access robot--slave arm based on RCM mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roh, Se-gon; Lee, Younbaek; Lee, Jongwon; Ha, Taesin; Sang, Taejun; Moon, Kyung-Won; Lee, Minhyong; Choi, Jung-yun

    2015-01-01

    An innovative single-port surgical robot has recently been developed by the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT). The robot can reach various surgical sites inside the abdominal cavity from a single incision on the body. It has two 7-DOF surgical tools, a 3-DOF endoscope, a flexible hyper-redundant 6-DOF guide tube, and a 6-DOF manipulator. This paper primarily focuses on the manipulator, called a slave arm, which is capable of setting the location of a Remote Center Motion (RCM) point. Because the surgical tools can explore the abdominal area through a small incision point when the RCM point is aligned with the incision area, the RCM mechanism is an integral part of the manipulator for single-port surgery. The mechanical feature, operational principle, control method, and the system architecture of the slave arm are introduced in this paper. In addition, manipulation experiments conducted validate its efficacy.

  2. Art Deco in Estonian and Latvian Graphic Design Journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merle Talvik

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Years of the first independence in Estonia and Latvia involved the second wave of nationalism in art and culture. National theme became a source which had to be treated fashionably. The fashionable European style was art deco that spread in the Baltics, Finland and elsewhere in periphery of Europe from the second half of the 1920s until 1940. The author has examined and analysed a wide variety of Estonian illustrated magazines and journals. The examples of Latvian magazines come from the collections of the Information Centre of Art Academy of Latvia. The article explores common features in the pieces of the following artists: Vabbe – Vidbergs, Vaino – Apsītis, Madernieks – Reindorff, also Luhtein, Siirak, Mugasto, Verny, Triik versus Strunke, Zeberiņš and Kasparsons. The first goal is to prove that graphic design journals in art deco style were very popular in the periphery of Europe in these years. Secondly, the author claims that objects that apparently lie outside the definition of ‘art’ can be subjected to visual analysis in such a way as to open important doors to the understanding of their origin, reception, place in society, and subsequent history. They are reflections of relations of power, aesthetic objectives, changing theories and rituals of art and society. This is the reason why graphic design journals are treated as carriers of culture.

  3. Sovremennye problemy rossijsko-latvijskih otnoshenij [Current problems in Russian-Latvian relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mezhevich Nikolay

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Current relations between Russia and Latvia are still influenced by a series of mutual claims that appeared after the demise of the USSR. Latvia — as well as Estonia and Lithuania — is both an EU and NATO member state. However, unlike the above mentioned countries, its relations with Russia are developing at a more pragmatic level. Numerous political differences often result in economic losses both for Latvia and Russia. Despite the fact that Latvia has been an independent state for more than 20 years, there are still some unresolved issues in its relations with Russia. Today, relations between the two countries are often viewed through the prism of EU-Russia relations. Nonetheless, they often do not fit this context. Settling differences between Latvia and Russia will contribute to trade relations, which are increasingly important for both parties. In order to prevent and localise emerging conflicts, diplomats, politicians, and experts should interpret Russian-Latvian relations in view of the national features without referring to theoretical models based on the mythological “unity” of the three Baltic States.

  4. Formation of Criteria of Assessment of Infrastructure Projects of Sea Ports Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Logutova Tamara G.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The spectrum of criteria, by which assessment of tender offers of projects of state-private partnership in the port industry is carried out, includes a small but capacious set of indicators of financial and economic efficiency and qualification level of contenders. However, the study of foreign methods of assessment of projects in sea ports and domestic experience of carrying out tenders in other industries shows that a more clear division of assessment of both tender offers and contenders is rational. The article uses some methods and approaches to scientific study – generalisation, systematisation and analysis of foreign and domestic experience of carrying out tenders and acts of law. In the result the article forms a scheme of assessment of tender offers and investors and also offers an algorithm of calculation of the integral tender assessment, based on division of tender criteria by four groups: technical and economic, financial (for a tender offer, financial and investment, and organisational (for investors. The offered aspects of improvement of methods of tender selection of projects, realised in the port industry with the help of the mechanism of state-private partnership, would facilitate a more balanced and optimal selection of the best offer not only from the point of view of its content, but also the characteristic of the investor that proposes it. On the other hand, the use of the common, successfully tested under different conditions of project realisation, numerical method of assessment would be the guarantee of applicability of the of the proposed measures.

  5. Latvian dialects in the 21st century: old and new borders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Stafecka

    2015-12-01

    in various sub-dialect groups of High Latvian dialect. The Selonian sub-dialects spoken in Zemgale show traces of dialectal features (syllable tones, irregular vowel shifts, etc.; they are found mainly in the speech of older generation. The Latgalian sub-dialects in Vidzeme are mainly spoken by older respondents and usually among family members; while in public spaces the sub-dialects practi­cally cannot be heard. However, many dialectal features have been retained in the speech of middle and even younger generations. The most stable are the sub-dialects spoken in Latgale because of their use not only in everyday speech but also in cultural activities. The presence of the Latgalian written language, too, helps to maintain local sub-dialects; it is also used in Roman Catholic church services in Latgale. In Latgale, the sub-dialects are spoken by all generations. However, the younger people sometimes use the standard language to communicate among themselves. This study provides new facts and might be the basis for further research. It might allow to predict the development of native language and its dialects as an important component of national and local identity respectively. Comparative analysis of mate­rial acquired at different periods allows us to conclude which dialectal features are more viable and which are more likely to change and disappear.   Dialekty łotewskie w wieku XXI: stare i nowe granice Choć na Łotwie wciąż stosunkowo dobrze zachowały się historyczne dialekty lokalne, nie można już obecnie mówić o dialektach i gwarach w tradycyjnym znaczeniu. Zmiany granic administracyjnych sprawiły bowiem, że tradycyjne gwary ulegają dziś zatarciu i stopniowo zanikają. Znacząco zmieniło się zwłaszcza usytuowanie strefy styku dialektów środkowego i górnołotewskiego; granica zasięgu tego ostatniego przesunęła się na wschód. Kwestiom tym poświęcono projekt „Dialekty łotewskie w XXI wieku: aspekt socjolingwistyczny”, w ramach kt

  6. 天津港口物流现状及发展对策%Current Status and Development Countermeasures of Logistics Industries at Tianjin Port

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董红; 杨雅楠

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we analyzed the current development status and environment of the logistics industry at the Tianjin Port, summarized the major difficulties it faced, and then in connection with the successful experience of such major ports as the port of Singapore and Rotterdam, proposed the suggestions for its better development from the perspectives of the port and the government.%对天津港口物流的发展现状与物流环境进行分析,总结其面临的主要难题,并结合新加坡港、鹿特丹港等大港口物流发展的成功经验,从天津港港区与政府视角对天津港口物流未来发展提出建议.

  7. Strategic opportunities for economic development of the Baltic Sea coastal zones and sea industrial and port complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gogoberidze George

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, one of the principal dimensions in attraction of the world economy structures is coastal territories as spaces where marine potential of a state is most pronounced. In this respect, it is vital to set the priorities of development of coastal zones taking into account the changes in the strategic situation in order to maintain the components of marine potential of the Russian Federation at the level of its national interests. The article aims to develop an indicator system of assessment of coastal zone potential, and sea industrial and port facilities in order to identify the characteristic and strategic capacities of the economic development of these territories in the complex approach. The research methodology is based on the assessment of marine potential of coastal territories as an indicator of the efficacy of its marine economic complex development with using the indicator methods as a multi-factor and multi-level spatial system. The proposed system is applied to a complex analysis of coastal territories of the Russian Baltic, the estimation of a socio-economic factor of coastal zone marine potential, as well as recommendations for long-term planning of the economic development of Russia’s coastal zones of the Baltic Sea and the organization of marine activities. This methodology can help to identify a role of coastal territories in the economy and reflect perspectives and directions of strategic development of coastal zones, and sea industrial and port facilities of the Russian Federation.

  8. Assessment of antibiotic prescribing in Latvian general practitioners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumpis Uga

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Though general antibiotic consumption data is available, information on the actual patterns of prescribing antibiotics locally is difficult to obtain. An easy to use methodology was designed to assess ambulatory management of infections by Latvian general practitioners (GPs. Methods GPs were asked to record data in a patient data collection form for every patient that received antibiotics. Study period – (7 days one week in November, 2008. Data recorded included the following details: an antibiotic, the prescribed dose, dosing interval, route of administration combined with the demographic factors of the patient and clinical diagnosis based on a pre-defined list. Results Two hundred forty eight forms out of the 600 (41% were returned by post. Antibiotics were prescribed in 6.4% (1711/26803 of outpatient consultations. In total, 1763 antibiotics were prescribed during the study period. Ninety seven percent of the patients received monotherapy and only 47 (2.7% patients were prescribed two antibiotics. The most commonly prescribed antibiotics were amoxicillin (33.9% of prescribed, amoxicillin/clavulanate (18,7% and clarithromycin (7.6%. The most commonly treated indications were pharyngitis (29.8%, acute bronchitis (25.3% and rhinosinusitis (10.2%. Pneumonia was mostly treated with amoxicillin/clavulanate (25,7%, amoxicillin (15.7% and clarithromycin (19.3%. Conclusions Methodology employed provided useful additional information on ambulatory practice of prescribing antibiotics and could be used in further assessment studies. Educational interventions should be focused on treatment of acute pharyngitis and bronchitis in children and unnecessary use of quinolones in adults for uncomplicated urinary tract infection.

  9. Slavic Loanwords in the Terms for Dumplings in Latvian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brigita Bušmane

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Slavic Loanwords in the Terms for Dumplings in Latvian Food is an essential part of the material culture of every nation. It frequently preserves national traditions and old names longer than other spheres do, additionally, it lets observe the influence of other cultures. According to dictionary data, dumplings were known in Latvia already in the 18th century. Many names for them have been attested in regional subdialects of Latvian; borrowings usually cover wide areas. In this article, basing on ethnographic and linguistic material notations of different antiquity thus tracing the use of names for dumplings almost a century long and referring to dictionary data from 18th–19th century, the author tried to reveal the use and distribution of names for dumplings of Slavic origin in subdialects of Lat­vian, as well as to offer fragmentary data on the use of particular Slavic borrowings in neighboring languages. The Slavic borrowings kļocka, zacirka alongside variant names are widespread in Eastern Latvia, i.e. in a rather narrow or wide area of the High Latvian dialect. In Eastern Latvia, the names klučki, klučkas derived from the Germanic borrowing kluči, with insertion of the consonant k under influence of Russian, have also been registered. From the semantic angle, the borrowings kļockas, klučkas and their variants are denoting dumplings made of various raw materials (e.g., different kinds of flour, also pea-flour, potatoes. Further references to ingredients of this food and its preparation are included in the explanation of the Slavic borrowing zacirka and its variants most typical for the peasants vocabulary in Latgale. The Slavic borrowings examined in this article have not seldom (even up to the last decades of the 20th century been serving as the only names of the said dish in the speech of representants of the oldest generation in the particular area in Eastern Latvia.   Słowiańskie zapożyczenia wśród nazw pierogów w j

  10. English-Latvian SMT: the challenge of translating into a free word order language

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Khalilov, M.; Fonollosa, J.A.R.; Skadiņa, I.; Brālītis, E.; Pretkalniņa, L.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a comparative study of two approaches to statistical machine translation (SMT) and their application to a task of English-to-Latvian translation, which is still an open research line in the field of automatic translation. We consider a state-of-the-art phrase-based SMT and an alt

  11. Designing a Model for development of dry port in Iran by Delphi, Gap analyze and Fuzzy Dematel

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Dry port is a potential solution for better inland seaport capabilities access. Surely, success implementation of dry port related to investigate and define impediments and factors to a close advanced intermodal terminals. In order to find the way of establishing dry port in Iran, interviews and literature review have been carried. We used DEMATEL method toward identifying main capabilities that influence on dry port project implementation, and attained 8 critical variables (road way, rail wa...

  12. Research on the Development of Port Logistics Based on Supply Chain%基于供应链的港口物流发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈荣荣

    2011-01-01

    With the progress of science and technology, the development of productivity, and the increasing pace of global economic integration, in the face of the global intense competition environment, China ports gradually begin searching for a new management strategy in order to enhance their comprehensive competitiveness. The thought of supply chain management has been extended, and is accepted gradually. The port competition concerns on port supply chain to port supply chain instead of port to port. The port, which is an integrated logistics provider, has process a central position and is playing a more and more important role. This paper states the development stage of the port logistics, analyses the development of port logistics, and introduces the concept of port logistics supply chain. This paper also gives out some suggestions for further developing China port logistics supply chain.%随着科技进步和生产力发展。全球经济一体化步伐日益加快,我国港口为了提升自己的综合竞争力,在面临全球激烈竞争的环境下,逐渐开始寻找新的管理策略。而供应链管理思想不断被推广,并且逐渐被接受,港口之间的竞争不再停留在港口与港口之间的竞争,而是在于港口供应链与港口供应链之间的竞争。阐述了港口发展阶段性,分析了港口物流的发展历程,并提出了港口物流供应链的概念。最后,为我国港口物流供应链的进一步发展提出了建议。

  13. Comparative study of the qualitative features of the Lithuanian and Latvian monophthongs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juris Grigorjevs

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the present article, a comparative study of the spectral characteristics and distinctive qualitative features of monophthongs of the contemporary Baltic Standard languages pronounced in isolation is described. On the one hand vowels pronounced in isolation do not represent a pronunciation in everyday speech, while on the other hand their production is probably the closest to the acoustic and auditory monophthong targets determined by our mental prototypes. This type of production represents natural hyper-articulation and differs from production of the cardinal vowels. Lithuanian and Latvian monophthongs have been studied and compared using the same methods and equipment that permit a reliable comparison of phonetic inventories (quality similarities and differences of both languages. For this paper recordings of six native Lithuanian and six native Latvian male informants (having faultless articulation were used (1944 items were selected and analyzed in total. All informants are speakers of standard language. In this study the standard language is considered as a standardized language (generally the most formal version of the language used for the needs of public life and culture. Reviewing interrelations between vowels of a single language (Lithuanian or Latvian, the mean data acquired in this study is compared with the data of some previous studies. To compare the general tendencies of the relations between Lithuanian and corresponding Latvian long and short monophthongs pronounced in isolation more precisely, the following acoustic parameters (numeric values were calculated: acuteness (graveness, flatness, compactness, and tenseness. The results of the present study confirm the general tendency that qualitative characteristics of the Lithuanian long and corresponding short vowels differ to a great extent. However the quality of Latvian monophthongs produced in isolation varies very little and statistical analysis of the spectral

  14. Comparative study of the qualitative features of the Lithuanian and Latvian monophthongs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juris Grigorjevs

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present article, a comparative study of the spectral characteristics and distinctive qualitative features of monophthongs of the contemporary Baltic Standard languages pronounced in isolation is described. On the one hand vowels pronounced in isolation do not represent a pronunciation in everyday speech, while on the other hand their production is probably the closest to the acoustic and auditory monophthong targets determined by our mental prototypes. This type of production represents natural hyper-articulation and differs from production of the cardinal vowels.Lithuanian and Latvian monophthongs have been studied and compared using the same methods and equipment that permit a reliable comparison of phonetic inventories (quality similarities and differences of both languages.For this paper recordings of six native Lithuanian and six native Latvian male informants (having faultless articulation were used (1944 items were selected and analyzed in total. All informants are speakers of standard language. In this study the standard language is considered as a standardized language (generally the most formal version of the language used for the needs of public life and culture.Reviewing interrelations between vowels of a single language (Lithuanian or Latvian, the mean data acquired in this study is compared with the data of some previous studies. To compare the general tendencies of the relations between Lithuanian and corresponding Latvian long and short monophthongs pronounced in isolation more precisely, the following acoustic parameters (numeric values were calculated: acuteness (graveness, flatness, compactness, and tenseness.The results of the present study confirm the general tendency that qualitative characteristics of the Lithuanian long and corresponding short vowels differ to a great extent. However the quality of Latvian monophthongs produced in isolation varies very little and statistical analysis of the spectral characteristics

  15. Developed Model for Debts Relief Decision Based on Financial and Accounting Reports Applied on PORT TRANS EUROPE SA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riana Iren RADU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Business agents are today facing with a dynamic economic environment transformed by the direct effects of the economic crisis. In these circumstances the managers of the entities are forced to adapt to the economic activities by various types of decisions. A special attention is paid to financial decisions. Financial issues touch all aspects of economic life of an agent. In this context are fitting the management of debts. Management of debts problem can be addressed through a decision-making model. In this paper we propose the development of a multidimensional decision to be strengthened the management of debts of PORT TRANS EUROPE SA, in order to reduce them.

  16. Port-Wine Stains

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Child Natural Disasters: How Families Can Help Port-Wine Stains KidsHealth > For Parents > Port-Wine Stains Print ... Manchas de vino de oporto What Are Port-Wine Stains? A port-wine stain is a type ...

  17. 黑龙江省对俄贸易口岸发展构思%Design for Developing Ports of Trade with Russia in Heilongjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李巧莲

    2015-01-01

    随着经济发展和政策推进,黑龙江省口岸在全国对俄贸易中所占的地位越来越重,但黑龙江省口岸发展存在规模小、建设分散、与腹地联系不紧密、缺乏统一规划等问题。要想解决黑龙江省口岸存在问题,黑龙江省就必须对所有口岸按照各自的主要功能进行优化布局,即以哈尔滨综合型口岸为核心口岸圈,以牡绥东、佳同抚两条横向口岸线为次级口岸圈,漠黑嘉、密虎饶两条纵线为边缘口岸圈的口岸布局,从而形成符合黑龙江省省情的,有黑龙江省特色的“大腹地、小门户”口岸发展模式,以此提高口岸的使用效率和经济效益,进而促进黑龙江省对俄贸易的发展。%With the development of economy and policy, trade ports in Heilongjiang have become more important for trade with Russia across the country. However, there are still problems, such as small port scale, dispersed position, loose connection with the backland and a lack of integrated planning. To solve these problems, Heilongjiang should optimize the layout of all trade ports in line with their main func-tions. In other words, a port development pattern with Heilongjiang characters, namely large backlands and small gateways, should be es-tablished by taking the integrated Harbin port as the core port circle. Two horizontal port lines, Mudanjiang, Suihua and Dongning line and Jiamusi, Tongjiang and Fuyuan line could be taken as the secondary port circle. Two vertical port lines, Mohe, Heihe and Jiayin line and Mishan, Hulin and Raohe line could be taken as the margin port circle. In this way, the efficiency and economic benefits of the ports could be promoted for facilitating the growth of Heilongjiang trade with Russia.

  18. Y-Chromosomal Lineages of Latvians in the Context of the Genetic Variation of the Eastern-Baltic Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pliss, Liana; Timša, Līga; Rootsi, Siiri; Tambets, Kristiina; Pelnena, Inese; Zole, Egija; Puzuka, Agrita; Sabule, Areta; Rozane, Sandra; Lace, Baiba; Kucinskas, Vaidutis; Krumina, Astrida; Ranka, Renate; Baumanis, Viesturs

    2015-11-01

    Variations of the nonrecombining Y-chromosomal region were investigated in 159 unrelated Baltic-speaking ethnic Latvians from four different geographic regions, using 28 biallelic markers and 12 short tandem repeats. Eleven different haplogroups (hgs) were detected in a regionally homogeneous Latvian population, among which N1c, R1a, and I1 cover more than 85% of its paternal lineages. When compared its closest geographic neighbors, the composition of the Latvian Y-chromosomal gene pool was found to be very similar to those of Lithuanians and Estonians. Despite the comparable frequency distribution of hg N1c in Latvians and Lithuanians with the Finno-Ugric-speaking populations from the Eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, the observed differences in allelic variances of N1c haplotypes between these two groups are in concordance with the previously stated hypothesis of different dispersal ways of this lineage in the region. More than a third of Latvian paternal lineages belong specifically to a recently defined R1a-M558 hg, indicating an influence from a common source within Eastern Slavic populations on the formation of the present-day Latvian Y-chromosome gene pool. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/University College London.

  19. Dynamics of telomere length in different age groups in a Latvian population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zole, Egija; Pliss, Liana; Ranka, Renate; Krumina, Astrida; Baumanis, Viesturs

    2013-12-01

    The shortening of telomeres with ageing is a well-documented observation; however, the reported number of nucleotides in telomeres varies between different laboratories and studies. Such variability is likely caused by ethnic differences between the populations studied. Until now, there were no studies that investigated the variability of telomere length in a senescent Latvian population of the most common mitochondrial haplogroups, defined as H (45%), U (25%), Y chromosomal N1c (40%) and R1a1 (40%). Telomere length was determined in 121 individuals in different age groups, including a control group containing individuals of 20-40 years old and groups of individuals between 60-70 years old, 71-80 years old, 81-90 years old, and above 90 years old. Telomere length was determined using the Southern blot telomeric restriction fragment assay (TRF). Decreased telomere length with ageing was confirmed, but a comparison of centenarians and individuals between 60-90 years of age did not demonstrate a significant difference in telomere length. However, significant variability in telomere length was observed in the control group, indicating probable rapid telomere shortening in some individuals that could lead up to development of health status decline appearing with ageing. Telomere length measured in mononuclear blood cells (MNC) was compared with the telomere length measured in whole peripheral white blood cells (WBC) using TRF. Telomere length in MNC was longer than in WBC for the control group with individuals 20 to 40 years old; in contrast, for the group of individuals aged 65 to 85 years old, measured telomere length was shorter in MNC when compared to WBC.

  20. Reflection of Developing Modern Logistics Industry on Damaiyu Port%对大麦屿港发展现代物流业的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王以好

    2011-01-01

    港口是连接海陆运输的枢纽,在发展现代物流的过程中,港口物流已成为主导和重点.研讨港口物流发展模式,加快现代物流业进程,对于推动经济又好又快发展,有着十分重要的现实意义.%The port is the hub that connect land and sea transport. Port logistics has become leading and key with the development of modern logistics. It is important for developing economy soundly and fast to research the development mode of port logistics and accelerate the process of modem logistics industry.

  1. Immunity, infectious diseases and the knowledge of 100 Latvian pregnant women of the impact of infectious diseases on the pregnancy and its prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Abramova

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Infection diseases may adversely affect the pregnancy, lead to the development of foetal abnormalities, foetal death, congenital infections and preterm birth. Infection is possible in antenatal, postnatal and intranatal way. CMV, adenovirus, enterovirus are the most common viruses which are found during the examination of amniotic fluid. Hundred Latvian pregnant women were offered to fill in the questionnaire with the help of which it will be possible to study their knowledge on infectious diseases during pregnancy and preventive options. The obtained data were compared with foreign literature and foreign studies. Respondents' age was from 19 to 43 years. Only 65% of women are aware that the risk of contracting infectious diseases during pregnancy is higher. Only 7% of women know about all possible ways of infection during pregnancy. 68% of women note that bacterial vaginosis may harm foetus and adversely affect pregnancy. Compared to the study conducted in Japan, Latvian pregnant women know about toxoplasmosis 4% more often than in Japan. Knowledge of pregnant women about the impact of infectious diseases on the foetus and pregnancy, potential infection and prevention ways is insufficient. Women want to know and receive understandable information from health care professionals. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(4.000: 954-958

  2. Study of association between polymorphisms in the PSMB5 (rs11543947 and PSMA3 (rs2348071 genes and multiple sclerosis in Latvians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalnina J.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Functional realization of many signalling proteins and transcription factors implicated in the development and progression of multiple sclerosis is mediated by proteasomes. Aim of this case-control study was to evaluate genetic variations in the PSMB5 and PSMA3 genes encoding proteasomal subunits on the susceptibility to multiple sclerosis in Latvians. Methods. The rs11543947 (PSMB5 and rs2348071 (PSMA3 loci were genotyped in 291 multiple sclerosis patients and 305 healthy individuals and analysed general, subtype and sex-specific associations with the disease. Results. Loci rs11543947 and rs2348071 were identified as disease neutral and susceptible respectively. The rs2348071 heterozygous genotype GA showed strong main effect (P < 0.001; OR = 1.891, 95 % CI [1.360–2.628], and moderate (P < 0.01; OR = 1.663, 95 % CI [1.152– 2.402] and strong (P < 0.001; OR = 2.459, 95 % CI [1.534–3.943] association with relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive phases of disease respectively. No genotype-sex interaction associated with multiple sclerosis has been detected. Conclusions. Our results suggest susceptibility of the rs2348071 heterozygous genotype to multiple sclerosis in Latvians.

  3. Multi-functional use of port areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ros, R.; Taneja, P.; Vellinga, T.

    2012-01-01

    The core business of a port is handling vessels and cargo. In addition a landlord Port Authority invests in development of port areas. However, in view of the new trends such as stakeholders interests related to environment and sustainability, it is can be wise to reexamine the business portfolio

  4. Multi-functional use of port areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ros, R.; Taneja, P.; Vellinga, T.

    2012-01-01

    The core business of a port is handling vessels and cargo. In addition a landlord Port Authority invests in development of port areas. However, in view of the new trends such as stakeholders interests related to environment and sustainability, it is can be wise to reexamine the business portfolio pe

  5. The Analysis of Network Governance in The Investment Development of Free Trade Zone and Free Port (KPBPB Batam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ady Muzwardi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Large amount of investment is one of income sources for a country. Recently, the investment in Indonesia has not been managed optimally due to, one among others, poor organization system of investment management. This study is aimed at analyzing the network governance within organization system in investment development at   Free Trade Zone and Free Port Batam. The research methodology used was Coordination Network Analysis with 5 aspects of study; those are governance structure, service characteristics, operational interaction of partner characteristics, and network characteristic on 3 organizations at the level of province and regency/city. The result of the analysis indicates that coordination between provincial and regency/city organizations is not yet optimally conducted. Horizontal and vertical coordination are not yet optimally established.

  6. An alternative method for monitoring carbonyls, and the development of a 24-port fully automated carbonyl sampler for PAMS program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parmar, S.S.; Ugarova, L. [Atmospheric Analysis and Consulting, Ventura, CA (United States); Fernandes, C.; Guyton, J.; Lee, C.P. [Arizona Dept. of Environmental Quality, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The authors have investigated the possibility of collecting different aldehydes and ketones on different sorbents such as silica gel, molecular sieve and charcoal followed by solvent extraction, DNPH derivatization and HPLC/UV analysis. Carbonyl collection efficiencies for these sorbents were calculated relative to a DNPH coated C{sub 18} sep-pak cartridge. From a limited number of laboratory experiments, at various concentrations, it appears that silica gel tubes can be used for sampling aldehydes (collection efficiencies {approximately} 1), whereas charcoal tubes are suitable for collecting ketones. Molecular sieve was found to be unsuitable for collecting most of the carbonyl studied. The authors also report the development of a fully automated 24-port carbonyl sampler specially designed for EPA`s PAMS program.

  7. Port of Altamira, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Croonen, K.; Froeling, D.; Marbus, G.; Van Bemmel, M.

    2006-01-01

    Master project report. The Port of Altamira is one of the fast growing ports in the world and is together with Veracruz and Coatzacoalcos one of the biggest ports of Mexico at the Gulf coast. It is an industrial Port with a lot of potential for expanding. However, the breakwaters of the Port extendi

  8. Designing a Model for development of dry port in Iran by Delphi, Gap analyze and Fuzzy Dematel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Dry port is a potential solution for better inland seaport capabilities access. Surely, success implementation of dry port related to investigate and define impediments and factors to a close advanced intermodal terminals. In order to find the way of establishing dry port in Iran, interviews and literature review have been carried. We used DEMATEL method toward identifying main capabilities that influence on dry port project implementation, and attained 8 critical variables (road way, rail way, sea ports, structure and infrastructure, process and accomplishment, financial, environment, physical environment, and approved the gap in all of that factors. Then, DELPHI method used to survey interactional effects of essential factors of implementation of dry port in Iran and casual relationship between them. The most common and important factors that effect on dry port implementation classified in 8 variables and suggested a conceptual model. The propose behind the study is to contribute to a better understanding of the way of accomplishment of dry port projects in Iran.

  9. Container Traffic In European Ports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elen Twrdy

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Over the last fifteen years the European transport markethas witnessed a growth of container traffic which today reachesapproximately 50 million TEU per year. From 1997 to 2002,container traffic in the northern European ports increased from14 to 20.6 million TEU per year, in the ports of the westernMedite"anean from 6 to 10 million TEU per year, and in thenorthern Adriatic ports from 0. 69 to 0. 74 million TEU per year.The ports of the northern Adriatic are located in three states(Slovenia, Croatia and Italy with different statuses in relationto the common European market. In addition, different developmentlevels of these states are reflected in different levels ofinternational commercial exchange, the development of the existinginfrastructure and plans for the construction of new infrastructures.However, all three countries share a common goaltoincrease their competitiveness in comparison with the westemEuropean ports.

  10. The Research of Zhangzhou Port Logistics Development Strategy%漳州招银港区物流发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建铝

    2014-01-01

    Zhangzhou port is located in the South Bank of Xiamen Bay.Xiamen bay ports,have their own advantages and disadvantages,they have almost the same economic hinterland,competition exists between the inevitable port.In this paper,by using the method of PEST and SWOT,the Zhangzhou port logistics environment analysis,and puts forward the Countermeasures for the development of Zhangzhou port logistics function.%漳州招银港区地处厦门湾南岸,是整合后的厦门港12港区之一。厦门湾各港区,有着各自的优劣势,他们共同拥有几乎相同的经济腹地,港区间不可避免存在竞争。文中采用PEST和SWOT分析方法,对招银港区物流环境进行分析,提出了漳州招银港区物流功能发展对策。

  11. Acoustic characteristics of the Latvian diphthongs produced by male and female informants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juris Grigorjevs

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was finding acoustic characteristics of the Latvian diphthongs irrespective of the speaker’s gender. The method designed by the author allowed to compare diphthongs of different duration, thus revealing common tendencies both in the formant structures and in the diphthong paths on the vowel plane. A comparison of the diphthong paths with the location of the long monophthongs on psychophysical F2′ vs. F1 plane showed that the paths begin in the vicinity of the corresponding monophthong but end with an undershoot, i.e., not completely reaching the target frequencies. Dynamics of the formant trajectories of the Latvian diphthongs produced in the zero context in most cases display a two-phase pattern with a relatively short steady state of the first component (the longest in [ie] and [uo]: about 1/3 of the total duration and a long transitionary phase with no steady state of the second component. The duration of the Latvian diphthongs (W is between that of the short (V and the long (Vː monophthongs. The durational ratio of the short monophthongs to the diphthongs and the long monophthongs is V : W :  Vː = 1 : 1.5 : 2.

  12. The Latvian version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rumba, I; Ruperto, N; Bikis, E; Remberga, S; Saulite, I; Plotkina, N; Viksna, A; Krauca, M; Breca, I; Vikmanis, U

    2001-01-01

    We report herein the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation into the Latvian language of the parent's version of two health related quality of life instruments. The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is a disease specific health instrument that measures functional ability in daily living activities in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) is a generic health instrument designed to capture the physical and psychosocial well-being of children independently from the underlying disease. The Latvian CHAQ CHQ were fully validated with 1 forward and 1 backward translations. A total of 141 subjects were enrolled: 80 patients with JIA (16% systemic onset, 32.5% polyarticular onset, 19% extended oligoarticular subtype, and 32.5% persistent oligoarticular subtype) and 61 healthy children. The CHAQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic, polyarticular and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a higher degree of disability, pain, and a lower overall well-being when compared to their healthy peers. Also the CHQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic onset, polyarticular onset and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a lower physical and psychosocial well-being when compared to their healthy peers. In conclusion the Latvian version of the CHAQ-CHQ is a reliable, and valid tool for the functional, physical and psychosocial assessment of children with JIA.

  13. Development of a functional relationship between port pressures and flow properties for the calibration and application of multihole probes to highly three-dimensional flows

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pisasale, A.J.; Ahmed, N.A. [School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of New South Wales, 2052, Sydney (Australia)

    2004-03-01

    It is common in the calibration of multihole probes to curve-fit the calibration data in order to determine a relationship between measured port pressures and flow properties. The parameters used in these techniques typically lack a theoretical background. In this article, a functional relationship is developed, based on theoretical considerations, that relates the port pressure directly to the flow properties and details a procedure that enables flow properties to be determined from the measured pressures of the multihole probe. The method is simple, easy to implement and provides a better understanding of the multihole probe operation in a three-dimensional flow. (orig.)

  14. Association of SUMO4 M55V polymorphism with autoimmune diabetes in Latvian patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedimbi, Saikiran K; Shastry, Arun; Park, Yongsoo; Rumba, Ingrida; Sanjeevi, Carani B

    2006-10-01

    Small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO4), located in IDDM5, has been identified as a potential susceptibility gene for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The novel polymorphism M55V, causing an amino acid change in the evolutionarily conserved met55 residue has been shown to activate the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), hence the suspected role of SUMO4 in the pathogenicity of T1DM. The M55V polymorphism has been shown to be associated with susceptibility to T1DM in Asians, but not in Caucasians. Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is a slowly progressive form of T1DM and SUMO4 M55V has not been studied in LADA to date. The current study aims to test whether Latvians are similar to Caucasians in susceptibility to autoimmune diabetes (T1DM and LADA), with respect to SUMO4 M55V. We studied, age- and sex-matched, Latvian T1DM patients (n = 100) and healthy controls (n = 90) and LADA patients (n = 45) and healthy controls (n = 95). SUMO4 M55V polymorphism was analyzed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). The allelic frequencies of the A and G alleles were compared with HLA DR3-DR4-positive and HLA DR3-DR4-negative patients to identify any potential relation between HLA DR3-DR4 and SUMO4 M55V. We found no significant association between SUMO4 M55V and T1DM susceptibility in Latvians, the results being in concurrence with the previous studies in Caucasians of British and Canadian origin. Comparison of the A and G alleles with HLA DR3-DR4 did not result in any significant P values. No significant association was found between SUMO4 M55V and LADA. SUMO4 M55V is not associated with susceptibility to T1DM and LADA in Latvians, and Latvians exhibit similarity to other Caucasians with respect to association of SUMO4 M55V with autoimmune diabetes.

  15. Port Facilities - MO 2006 Ports (SHP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Contains physical information on commercial facilities at the principal U.S. Coastal, Great Lakes and Inland Ports. The data consists of listings of port area's...

  16. Principal Ports and Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The Principal Port file contains USACE port codes, geographic locations (longitude, latitude), names, and commodity tonnage summaries (total tons, domestic, foreign,...

  17. The acquisition of the Latvian language as the Second language at preschool age in theory and practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingēra Tomme-Jukēvica

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In Latvia there are no substantial studies on bilingual preschool children’s Latvian language as the second language. The article provides an overview of the 20th–21st century linguistic theories in the context of child second language acquisition as well as raises awareness about their influence on and use in the learning of preschoolers whose second language is Latvian, carrying out content analysis of the Minority Preschool Education Program (with instruction in Russian, the Latvian Language Program of X preschool education establishment, teaching resources (teaching aid kits, didactic handouts as well as the Latvian language as the second language study content. The conclusion is drawn that the theory of communicative competence and the systemic functional grammar theory prevail as well as the basic principles of the behavioral theory can be discerned. In the teaching resources and learning process it is advisable to more often incorporate the same language material repetition in different situations and new combinations. Consideration must be given to more positive and negative transfer (interference emphasis. To prevent children’s errors it is advisable to provide and incorporate special exercises in the teaching resources as well as methodological recommendations for the Latvian language teachers.

  18. Hub Status and Indexation of Container Ports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-An Park

    2015-06-01

    This study develops two sub-indexes of port classification and capacity, and combines cases of these two sub-indexes into various types in order to find a proper port hub index. The paper demonstrates how different types of port hub index are useful measurements for evaluating outputs and inputs of container ports. In a case analysis we show that the indexes of period variables and lagged variables have more explanatory power with regard to changes of port throughputs and high correlation with inputs.

  19. The Use of Visual Decision Support Tools in an Interactive Stakeholder Analysis—Old Ports as New Magnets for Creative Urban Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Nijkamp

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Port cities are historically important breeding places of civilization and wealth, and act as attractive high-quality and sustainable places to live and work. They are core places for sustainable development for the entire spatial system as a result of their dynamism, which has in recent years reinforced their position as magnets in a spatial-economic force field. To understand and exploit this potential, the present study presents an analytical framework that links the opportunities provided by traditional port areas/cities to creative, resilient and sustainable urban development. Using evidence-based research, findings are presented from a case study by employing a stakeholder-based model—with interactive visual support tools as novel analysis methods—in a backcasting and forecasting exercise for sustainable development. The empirical study is carried out in and around the NDSM-area, a former dockyard in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Various future images were used—in an interactive assessment incorporating classes of important stakeholders—as strategic vehicles to identify important policy challenges, and to evaluate options for converting historical-cultural urban port landscapes into sustainable and creative hotspots, starting by reusing, recovering, and regenerating such areas. This approach helps to identify successful policy strategies, and to bring together different forms of expertise in order to resolve conflicts between the interests (or values of a multiplicity of stakeholders, with a view to stimulating economic vitality in combination with meeting social needs and ensuring the conservation of eco-systems in redesigning old port areas. The results indicate that the interactive policy support tools developed for the case study are fit for purpose, and are instrumental in designing sustainable urban port areas.

  20. Les ports commerciaux d’Afrique du Sud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Annick Lamy-Giner

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available South Africa’s seaboard comprises seven commercial ports. In this study, six choremes have been constructed, taking account of historical factors, the nature of the hinterlands, differences between the port cities, relations with the foreland and the port hierarchy. This graphic representation provides a better understanding of the development, role and port functions of South Africa in economic transition.

  1. The role of port cities and networks: reflections on the World Ports Climate Initiative

    OpenAIRE

    Fenton, Paul David

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores how port cities and municipal networks can contribute to reducing the climate and environmental impacts of shipping. Specifically, the paper reflects on the process of developing the World Ports Climate Declaration during 2007-2008 and the work of the World Ports Climate Initiative (WPCI) in subsequent years.The Declaration was a voluntary undertaking, adopted by 55 of the world’s largest ports, to individually and jointly work to reduce the climate and environmental impac...

  2. Management of urban development: Example of the transformation of two Dutch former port areas

    OpenAIRE

    Hoek, M.; Wigmans, G.

    2011-01-01

    The more traditional approach of developing cities through government lead town planning has been gradually shifting to a more entrepreneurial approach of strategic management of both public and private initiatives in the urban environment. This approach combines aspects of governance, urban planning, economic development, financial management, social planning and marketing and leads to a more integrated strategic decision making process in which both public and private sector are involved. I...

  3. Flat-port connectors

    KAUST Repository

    Alrashed, Mohammed

    2017-05-26

    Disclosed are various embodiments for connectors used with electronic devices, such as input and/or output ports to connect peripheral equipment or accessories. More specifically, various flat-port are provided that can be used in place of standard connectors including, but not limited to, audio jacks and Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports. The flat-port connectors are an alternate connection design to replace the traditional receptacle port (female-port), making the device more sealed creation more dust and water resistant. It is unique in the way of using the outer surfaces of the device for the electrical connection between the ports. Flat-port design can allow the manufacture of extremely thin devices by eliminating the side ports slots that take a lot of space and contribute to the increase thickness of the device. The flat-port receptacle improves the overall appearance of the device and makes it more resistant to dust and water.

  4. Stability of sterigmatocystin during the bread making process and its occurrence in bread from the Latvian market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veršilovskis, Aleksandrs; Bartkevičs, Vadims

    2012-05-01

    Sterigmatocystin (STC) is a carcinogenic and mutagenic mycotoxin produced by fungi of many Aspergillus species. The aim of this research was to test the stability of STC during the bread making process and to check bread samples from the Latvian market for STC contamination, using a previously developed electrospray positive ionisation (ESI(+)) liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. Wheat grain naturally contaminated with STC was used for bread baking. STC was found to be stable during the bread-making process. In the food survey 17% of the analysed breads were positive for STC, with concentration levels of 2-7 μg kg(-1). One out of six rye bread samples, one out of nine rye-wheat bread samples and three out of 14 wheat bread samples were contaminated with STC. Four out of five contaminated samples contained whole grains as the main ingredient. We conclude that whole grain bread may be a possible source of STC, although even STC-positive bread samples identified in this study contained quite low toxin levels.

  5. Validation of a Latvian and a Russian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile for use among adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pugaca, Jolanta; Urtane, Ilga; Pirttiniemi, Pertti; Rogovska, Irena

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND. The need for appraisal of oral health-related quality of life has been increasingly recognized over the last decades. The aim of this study was to develope a Latvian and a Russian version and test the validity of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-49) for use among adults in Latvia. METHODS. The original English version of the OHIP-49 was translated using the forward-backward technique, pilot-tested, and then applied to 60 adults aged 18 years and above. The questionnaire was filled out during face-to-face interviews conducted by one specialist. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha (α) coefficient and inter-item and item-total correlations. Discriminant and convergent validities were assessed. RESULTS. Cronbach's α was estimated to be 0.96. Inter-item correlations coefficients ranged from 0.19 to 0.91, with averige value 0.35, while item-total correlations coefficients from 0.14 to 0.86. CONCLUSIONS. The OHIP-49 is a reliable and valid questionnaire for the assessment of OHRQoL among adults in Latvia.

  6. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha allele 2 shows an association with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Latvians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shtauvere-Brameus, A; Dabadghao, P; Rumba, I; Sanjeevi, C B

    2002-04-01

    Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is one of the most common chronic diseases. It is an autoimmune disease. Genes contributing the most for development of IDDM are located on chromosome 6p21.3 in the region called the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). HLA-DQ8/DR4 and DQ2/DR3 have shown positive association with IDDM, while DQ6 has negative association with IDDM in most Caucasian populations. The location of the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) gene in the MHC suggests the role of TNF in the etiology of IDDM as an autoimmune disease. The TNF region contains several polymorphisms that are associated with different levels of TNF-alpha production and susceptibility to autoimmune and infectious diseases. Ninety-two Latvian IDDM patients corresponding to WHO diagnostic criteria and 107 unrelated age- and sex-matched healthy controls were analyzed for the frequency of TNF-alpha alleles to test the hypothesis that TNF-alpha is associated with IDDM. We found that TNF-alpha microsatellite allele 2 is associated with IDDM, 29/92 (32%), versus 14/107 (13%) in healthy controls. The test of the strongest association of the MICA A5 allele and TNF-alpha allele 2 with IDDM showed that both are independently associated with the disease.

  7. The development of biocommodities and the role of North West European ports in biomass chains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sanders, J.P.M.; Annevelink, B.; Hoeven, van der D.A.

    2009-01-01

    Biomass-derived commodities will compete with commodities derived from fossil fuels in 20 years' time. This perspective will explore the economic conditions that will govern the development of, and the trade in these biocommodities. Markets for biocommodities will open up new revenues for both the a

  8. Management of urban development: Example of the transformation of two Dutch former port areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Hoek, M.; Wigmans, G.

    2011-01-01

    The more traditional approach of developing cities through government lead town planning has been gradually shifting to a more entrepreneurial approach of strategic management of both public and private initiatives in the urban environment. This approach combines aspects of governance, urban

  9. Liquid phase methanol LaPorte process development unit: Modification, operation, and support studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-02-02

    This report consists of Detailed Data Acquisition Sheets for Runs E-6 and E-7 for Task 2.2 of the Modification, Operation, and Support Studies of the Liquid Phase Methanol Laporte Process Development Unit. (Task 2.2: Alternate Catalyst Run E-6 and Catalyst Activity Maintenance Run E-7).

  10. Management of urban development: Example of the transformation of two Dutch former port areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Hoek, M.; Wigmans, G.

    2011-01-01

    The more traditional approach of developing cities through government lead town planning has been gradually shifting to a more entrepreneurial approach of strategic management of both public and private initiatives in the urban environment. This approach combines aspects of governance, urban plannin

  11. Strategic Study on Integration of Port and City Development in Rizhao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hou Chengjun; Zhao Gaozheng

    2007-01-01

    agglomeration of the Yangtze Delta(UAYD),one of the most developed regions of China,has witnessed an increasing prevalence in building ecological cities when the ecological cities are pursued by many modem cities,and great achievements have been made in this regard.It is inevitable,however,that certain problems exist during the construction of ecological city,which include but not limited to non-harmonious development of urbancomplex ecosystem,and the difficulty in quantifying eco-city construction or incomplete quantification in assessing the construction of present and future eco-city.Based onthe analysis onsocial-economic conditions and regional conditions of the UAYD.this paper attempts to Set up an index system of eco-cities combining witth local characteristics.and to adopt the indices of eco-city,urban harmony,and eco-city colligate to evaluate the ecological level,urban harmonious development and eco-city construction of cities within the UAYD.Results indicate that among 15 cities in UAYD,Suzhou City ranks the highest in terms of eco-city construction,whereas Nantong ranks relatively lower,sustainable eco-city construction is possible only when cities are developed in every respect of harmony.

  12. Dynamic Port on Alkaline Soil——Tangshan Seaport Economic and Technological Development Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAOYAXIN; GAOZIYANG

    2004-01-01

    IT is hard to imagine thatonly 11 years ago, thebroad bustling streetslined with row uponrow of tall buildings andspace-age style productionplants in what is now TangshanSeaport Economic and Techno-logical Development Zone was anuninhabited tract of barren land.

  13. The development of biocommodities and the role of North West European ports in biomass chains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sanders, J.P.M.; Annevelink, B.; Hoeven, van der D.A.

    2009-01-01

    Biomass-derived commodities will compete with commodities derived from fossil fuels in 20 years' time. This perspective will explore the economic conditions that will govern the development of, and the trade in these biocommodities. Markets for biocommodities will open up new revenues for both the

  14. Liquid phase methanol LaPorte process development unit: Modification, operation, and support studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-02-02

    The primary focus of this Process Development Unit operating program was to prepare for a confident move to the next scale of operation with a simplified and optimized process. The main purpose of these runs was the evaluation of the alternate commercial catalyst (F21/0E75-43) that had been identified in the laboratory under a different subtask of the program. If the catalyst proved superior to the previous catalyst, then the evaluation run would be continued into a 120-day life run. Also, minor changes were made to the Process Development Unit system to improve operations and reliability. The damaged reactor demister from a previous run was replaced, and a new demister was installed in the intermediate V/L separator. The internal heat exchanger was equipped with an expansion loop to relieve thermal stresses so operation at higher catalyst loadings and gas velocities would be possible. These aggressive conditions are important for improving process economics. (VC)

  15. Economic Consciousness and the System of Values of Latvian University Graduates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voronov Viktor

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the attitude of a Latvian university’s graduates to wealth and means of its acquisition, as well as their assessment of their own economic status and preferred moves in case of unemployment. The author estimates the university graduates’ personal capabilities; their interests, skills and qualifications, the extent of their reliance on their own initiative and resources, and their confidence about the future. The article defines the graduates’ economic interests forming motivations and approaches to practical economic behavior according to certain types of economic consciousness.

  16. Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas Production from Marine Macroalgae: a Latvian Scenario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilicka, Iluta; Blumberga, Dagnija; Romagnoli, Francesco

    2011-01-01

    There is potential environmental benefit to be gained from the use of algae because of their ability to fix CO2, no need for direct land use and utilization of bio-waste (rich in potassium, phosphate and nitrogen based compounds) as a nutrients. The aim of the research is to assess the impact of biogas production and the final use in a cogeneration unit system from a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in comparison with a similar reference system using a non-renewable source (e.g. natural gas). The paper is intended to be a preliminary study for understanding the implementation of this novel technology in a Latvian context.

  17. Assessment of the present and future offshore wind power potential: a case study in a target territory of the Baltic Sea near the Latvian coast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lizuma, Lita; Avotniece, Zanita; Rupainis, Sergejs; Teilans, Artis

    2013-01-01

    Offshore wind energy development promises to be a significant domestic renewable energy source in Latvia. The reliable prediction of present and future wind resources at offshore sites is crucial for planning and selecting the location for wind farms. The overall goal of this paper is the assessment of offshore wind power potential in a target territory of the Baltic Sea near the Latvian coast as well as the identification of a trend in the future wind energy potential for the study territory. The regional climate model CLM and High Resolution Limited Area Model (Hirlam) simulations were used to obtain the wind climatology data for the study area. The results indicated that offshore wind energy is promising for expanding the national electricity generation and will continue to be a stable resource for electricity generation in the region over the 21st century.

  18. Assessment of the Present and Future Offshore Wind Power Potential: A Case Study in a Target Territory of the Baltic Sea Near the Latvian Coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lita Lizuma

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Offshore wind energy development promises to be a significant domestic renewable energy source in Latvia. The reliable prediction of present and future wind resources at offshore sites is crucial for planning and selecting the location for wind farms. The overall goal of this paper is the assessment of offshore wind power potential in a target territory of the Baltic Sea near the Latvian coast as well as the identification of a trend in the future wind energy potential for the study territory. The regional climate model CLM and High Resolution Limited Area Model (Hirlam simulations were used to obtain the wind climatology data for the study area. The results indicated that offshore wind energy is promising for expanding the national electricity generation and will continue to be a stable resource for electricity generation in the region over the 21st century.

  19. Model of Coastal Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Based on the Potential of Local Port and marine Tourism Port, Case Study: Fort Rotterdam Makassar and the Surrounding Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arief, A. B.; Yudono, A.; Akil, A.; Ramli, I.

    2017-08-01

    The lack of social and public facilties of seven small islands around Makassar, causing the commuters to experience inefficiency in fulfilling their basic needs in the mainland of Makassar city. The purpose of this study is finding the location of coastal TOD in accordance with the principles of development model of coastal TOD. The result showed that inefficiency of time, cost and distance could be eliminated by applying vertical, united and integrated development model of coastal TOD. Using survey, interview and literature study through expert system analysis based on GIS deliniates coastal TOD.

  20. THE LATVIAN LANGUAGE IN THE LINGUISTIC LANDSCAPE OF DAUGAVPILS (THE MIDDLE OF THE 19TH CENTURY - TODAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solvita Pošeiko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will focus on the LL of Daugavpils from a diachronic point of view in order to describe the usage of the Latvian language in the public space since the middle of the 19th century until today, as well as the socio-economic and political factors which influence the language situation. Research sources are old photos which depict legible signboards, and photos obtained during LL research 2013. The role of the Latvian language in public information increased during the first period of independence, when ideas of nationalism become widespread and the first normative documents about language usage were approved. However, the stability of Latvian as the main language of the public was only established during the first Latvian Republican period at the end of the 20th century, when the State Language Law was passed and implemented in linguistic practice. Currently, the linguistic landscape reflects the political, socio-pragmatic, and social identity motivations of the owners of public texts, but within the confines of the restrictions imposed by language laws

  1. Radiometric date for the Port Durnford peat and development of yellow-wood forest along the South African east coast

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oschadleus, HD

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available The age of the peat, or 'lignite', layer in the Port Durnford Formation on the Zululand coast has been established to be about 70 kyr by means of the Th-230/U-234 disequilibrium dating technique. This date places the pent temporally at the beginning...

  2. The Impact of European Traffic Policy and Traffic Routes on the Development of the Ports of Rijeka and Place

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čedomir Ivaković

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Sea ports are the key segment of the traffic and economicdevelopment of maritime countries. Pan-European transportcorridors include the most important sea pmts and sea routes.They are an extension of the existing land corridors.The most important and the most promising crossings oftraffic corridors between the Central European, Pannonianand Adriatic areas, with the naturally shortest traffic routes directedtowards the Croatian sea ports are Corridor 58 ( Rijeka-Zagreb-Budapest and Corridor 5c (Ploce-Sarajevo-Osijek--Budapest. The primary purpose of this work is to study the importanceof the existing trading conditions and new investmentundertakings in the context of increase in competitiveness of theports of Rijeka and Place.The authors' attention is particularly directed to the constructionof new port terminals to increase the traffic potentialsof the Croatian sea ports. The formed conception with its characteristics,the methodology applied, and research results representthe quality starting points in determining a uniform portpolicy of the Republic of Croatia within the European trafficsystem.

  3. Development Strategy Analysis of BeiBu Gulf Ports for Hunan Province%面向湖南的北部湾港发展策略探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱念; 李伊; 梁碧兰

    2012-01-01

    中国—东盟自由贸易区建成后的贸易扩大与溢出效应明显,作为中国与东盟全面合作的桥头堡,广西北部湾经济区拥有西南地区最全面便捷的东盟通道,区位优势更加明显;中南制造业大省湖南外向型经济发达,传统的货物出海模式已经不适应湖南经济快速发展的需要,北部湾港作为湖南异地出海口具有可行性与必要性。北部湾港应因地制宜发展具有湘桂特色的"飞地"港口物流。%The expansion and spillover ettects of international commercial tradeare to be easy seen alter the completion of China-ASEAN Free Trade Area. As the pioneer between China and ASEAN countries cooperation, Guangxi Beibu Gulf Economic Zone favours the most convenient channel to ASEAN countries for the Southwest China. Sea ports in the Beibu Gulf are good out- let choices for Hunan province, manufacturing industry province in Middle-South China, whose traditional cargo sea model is no longer suitable for its rapid economy development. This article discusses the feasibility and necessity of the Beibu Gulf ports for I-lunan outlets, and makes a SWOT model analysis, from the view of win-win strategy, and the development of the Beibu Gulf ports, putting forward the construction of upgrading the Beibu Gulf ports by using the leverage the development of Hunan prov-ince.

  4. Study on the Relationship between Port Construction and Regional Economic Development%港口建设与区域经济发展关系问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李捷

    2012-01-01

    改革开放以来,我国各大港口得到了长足的发展。港口城市的发展关键在于港口的建设,港口的开发建设会带动腹地经济的发展。同时腹地经济的健康发展会进一步促进港口的发展,因此港口与港口所在城市经济有着非常紧密的联系。所以处理好港口与区域经济的关系愈发为人们所重视。%Since reform and opening up,ports in China have made large development.The key to developing port city is port construction.The development of port brings along the growth of hinterland economy.The sound development of hinterland economy promotes the construction of port.There is a close connection between port and economy of city it owes to.Therefore,the relationship between port and regional economy should be paid more attention.

  5. US Ports of Entry

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — HSIP Non-Crossing Ports-of-Entry A Port of Entry is any designated place at which a CBP officer is authorized to accept entries of merchandise to collect duties, and...

  6. Testing and Analysis of Sensor Ports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, M.; Frendi, A.; Thompson, W.; Casiano, M. J.

    2016-01-01

    This Technical Publication summarizes the work focused on the testing and analysis of sensor ports. The tasks under this contract were divided into three areas: (1) Development of an Analytical Model, (2) Conducting a Set of Experiments, and (3) Obtaining Computational Solutions. Results from the experiment using both short and long sensor ports were obtained using harmonic, random, and frequency sweep plane acoustic waves. An amplification factor of the pressure signal between the port inlet and the back of the port is obtained and compared to models. Comparisons of model and experimental results showed very good agreement.

  7. Shipping emissions in ports

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Shipping emissions in ports are substantial, accounting for 18 million tonnes of CO2 emissions, 0.4 million tonnes of NOx, 0.2 million of SOx and 0.03 million tonnes of PM10 in 2011. Around 85% of emissions come from containerships and tankers. Containerships have short port stays, but high emissions during these stays. Most of CO2 emissions in ports from shipping are in Asia and Europe (58%), but this share is low compared to their share of port calls (70%). European ports have much less emi...

  8. Genetic variants in the PSMA6, PSMC6 and PSMA3 genes associated with childhood asthma in Latvian and Taiwanese populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paramonova N.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Proteasomes mediate functional realization of signaling proteins implicated in asthma pathogenesis. Aim. To evaluate main and sex-specific association between the PSMA6, PSMC6 and PSMA3 proteasomal genes variations and childhood asthma in Latvians and Taiwanese. Methods. SNPs rs2277460, rs1048990, rs2295826, rs2295827 and rs2348071 were genotyped in 102 Latvian and 159 Taiwanese cases for comparison with genetic diversity in populations (191 and 1097 subjects respectively. Results. Haplotype CGACG showed strong (P < 0.0001 association with asthma risk in both populations. All loci heterozygous genotypes and haplotype CCGTA were identified as asthma risk factors in Latvians; rs1048990 and rs2348071 GG homozygotes and rs2295826 and rs2295827 heterozygotes showed asthma risk and protective effect in Taiwanese females respectively. The multi locus genotypes homozygous for alleles being common in Latvian population were identified as protective in Latvians and disease susceptible in Taiwanese. Conclusions. Our results suggest an association of the 14q13-23 proteasomal genes polymorphisms with the childhood asthma in Latvians and Taiwanese and high-light risk and/or protective factors being the same or different between the populations.

  9. Outcomes of a Single-Port Laparoscopic Appendectomy Using a Glove Port With a Percutaneous Organ-Holding Device and Commercially-Available Multichannel Single-Port Device

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Jieun; LEE, SUNG RYOL; Kim, Hyung Ook; Son, Byung Ho; Choi, Wonjun

    2014-01-01

    Purpose A laparoscopic appendectomy is now commonly performed. The push in recent years toward reducing the number of ports required to perform this surgery has led to the development of a single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (SPA). We compared postoperative pain after an SPA using a glove port with a percutaneous organ-holding device (group 1) with that of an SPA using a commercially-available multichannel single-port device (group 2). Methods Between March 2010 and July 2011, a retrospecti...

  10. COMPETITION BETWEEN CONTAINER PORTS IN THE NORTHERN ADRIATIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elen Twrdy

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available World trade has changed in the last decade such that container traffic flows are oriented towards more parts of the European continent. The European container port system is not a homogeneous set of ports; instead it consists of several big ports (e.g., Rotterdam, Hamburg, Algeciras... and a large number of medium and small ports. Northern Adriatic (NA ports, namely Rijeka, Koper, Trieste, Venice and Ravenna, are small ports. Each of these ports have different development plans but in varying degrees common hinterlands and costumers. As these ports are located very close one to another, they have to cooperate, but at same time they are competing for their market share. Based on the literature related to port competition and port selection we have analysed the throughput in NA ports for the last twenty four years, and in accordance with this, we have prepared a model for expected growth of container throughput in this region. The resulting model of port dynamics includes three characteristics of container throughput: relative growth, market share and container shift. Furthermore, to obtain some insight into cooperation/competition between the NA ports we have set up a simple dynamic model in which we selected ports’ market share fractions for each port as a dynamic variable.

  11. Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor genes in Latvian patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and healthy controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikitina-Zake, Liene; Rajalingham, Raja; Rumba, Ingrida; Sanjeevi, Carani B

    2004-12-01

    T1DM is very common in Sweden and is positively associated with HLA class II genes. Approximately 89% of the newly diagnosed patients carry the high-risk HLA DR4-DQ8 and DR3-DQ2. The remaining 11% develop T1DM without them. This can be due to involvement of other genes and environmental factors. Natural killer (NK) cells of the innate immune system are important in antiviral and antitumor immunity. They are implicated in the etiology of autoimmune T1DM. Human NK cells express killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) that belong to the polymorphic multigene family in chromosome 19q3.4. They modulate NK cell response by interacting with HLA class I. In addition, polymorphic MICA in HLA class I interacts with non-polymorphic NKG2D receptor on NK cells. We have studied, in addition to HLA-DR and -DQ, genes of the innate immune system MICA and KIR in Latvian patients (n = 98) with T1DM and controls (n = 100). They were genotyped using standard PCR-based typing methods. MICA allele 5 is positively associated with T1DM. KIR2DL2 and KIR2DS2 were both positively associated. Combined association of MICA4 and KIR2DL2 gave an odds ration (OR) of 26.7. However, the combined risk of KIR2DL2 and HLA class II genes, HLADR3 (OR = 73.4), DR4 (OR = 66.8), and DR3 and DR4 (OR = 88.3), was higher. The maximum risk was when KIR2DL2, MICA5, and DR3/DR4 were in combination. In conclusion, our results suggest that a balance between innate and acquired immunity is important, and an imbalance coud lead to T1DM.

  12. Visual Support for Porting Large Code Bases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broeksema, Bertjan; Telea, Alexandru

    2011-01-01

    We present a tool that helps C/C++ developers to estimate the effort and automate software porting. Our tool supports project leaders in planning a porting project by showing where a project must be changed, how many changes are needed, what kinds of changes are needed, and how these interact with t

  13. Assessment Of Physico-Chemical Property Of Water Samples From Port Harcourt Bonny And Opobo Coastal Areas For Sustainable Coastal Tourism Development In Rivers State Nigeria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obinwanne

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The study evaluated some physico-chemical properties of water samples from Port Harcourt Bonny and Opobo to determine the safety of water from the areas for sustainable coastal tourism development in Rivers State Nigeria. Three water samples were collected with three sterilized plastic containers with a capacity of 25cl which were subjected to laboratory tests to know their constituents. The parameters tested were appearance temperature colour turbidity conductivity PH alkalinity lead Pb Chromium Cr Cadmium Cd Ammonia BODs and Dissolved Oxygen. The results of the water samples were compared with World Health Organization WHO water quality standard and the Nigeria National Water Quality standard to determine the safety of the water for human consumption and tourism development. The study revealed that Port Harcourt site has more prospects for tourism development more than Opobo study site because the Ph alkalinity and BODs levels were lower than that of Opobo making the water safer except that the amount of dissolved oxygen was a little high in Opobo and turbidity was not detected in Opobo. The study revealed that Bonny water was very dense in appearance dark brown in colour highly turbid basic and with mean concentration of the heavy metals Lead chromium and cadmium higher than the recommended World Health Organization WHO water quality standard and the Nigeria National Water Quality standard and therefore not safe for drinking and swimming. Treated portable water should be provided for the people of Port Harcourt Opobo and Bonny especially people from Bonny area and development of tourism in the state to save the people and tourists from imminent danger of fecal contaminants and toxic substances.

  14. Income as a factor of consumer behaviour in Latvian households

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voronov V. V., Krasko V. D.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Socially oriented public policy in the area of household consumption plays an important role in achieving stable socio-economic development. At the macroeconomic level, the state regulates the process of consumption based on fiscal policy and fair taxation of households, encouraging domestic demand and economic activity. Therefore, the urgent task of modern macroeconomic policy in Latvia is the development and support of socially relevant tools and methods of state regulation of consumption and consumer behaviour of the households, taking into account its main factors: income and taxation.

  15. Combining Models and Commodity Chain Research for Making Long-Term Projections of Port Throughput: an Application to the Hamburg-Le Havre Range

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Langen, P.W.; Van Meijeren, J.; Tavasszy, L.A.

    2012-01-01

    Long term projections of cargo throughput are indispensable for port development plans. Although commodity flow projections are useful for governments, port authorities, terminal operating companies and port users, scientific research on commodity flow projections for ports is limited. Existing stud

  16. The Benefits of Green Roofing for Latvian Building Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Kara, P.; Pastars, P

    2013-01-01

    Green roofs serve several purposes for a building, such as absorbing rainwater, providing insulation, creating a habitat for wildlife and helping to lower urban air temperatures and mitigate the heat island effect. The modern trend started when green roofs were developed in Germany in the 1960s, and has since spread to many countries. Today, it is estimated that about 10% of all German roofs have been “greened”. Green roofs are also becoming increasingly popular in the United States, although...

  17. Importance of the Danube in the Development of the European inland transport. Inland and Port Infrastructure Development in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romeo Boşneagu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Europe currently has an extensive network of inland waterways components of the Pan European Transport Network. The Danube River with Sulina and Danube-Black Sea is part of pan European transport corridor VII. European policy in the transport sector, is subject to joint decisions in the Council of the European Union. A current priority is to balance the use of different types of transportation alternation and making connections between transport modes. Currently it acts to stimulate the development of a balance between rail sectors, maritime, river and waterways of Europe. Romania is implementing several European and national programs to upgrade its infrastructure on the Danube waterway

  18. 经济转型期苏州港口物流发展现状及对策研究%During the Period of Economic Transition Research on Suzhou Port Logistics Development Present Situation and Countermeasure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑丽娟

    2012-01-01

      随着我国对外贸易的增加,港口物流得到了充分的发展,成为地区经济增长的重要因素。针对苏州港口物流的现状进行分析,探索符合苏州港口物流发展的对对策,以期寻求苏州港口物流发展的新方向,提高苏州港口物流的竞争力和影响力。%  Along with the country foreign trade increased, the port logistics has been fully developed. The port logistics has become the important factor of economic growth. In view of the Suzhou port logistics analysis of the current situation, explore countermeasures with Suzhou port logistics development, in order to seek a new direction for the development of Suzhou port logistics to improve the competitiveness and influence of the Suzhou port logistics.

  19. General Anti-Avoidance Rule in Latvian Tax Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milana Belevica

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The tax law systems of the EU Member States differ strongly; one is based on the specific anti – avoidance provisions governed by the general principle of prohibition of abuse stated in court jurisprudence, the basement of the other is a written judicial rule which prohibits the abuse – general anti – avoidance rule. General anti-avoidance rules are needed because of conflicts of laws in the borders of one state as well the conflicts of different state’s jurisprudence. There is no legal definition of tax avoidance in the EU law nevertheless the notion of tax avoidance is firmly connected to the concept of abuse of law – a general principle of EU law which has got its prompt development in the resent tax case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU. The UK practice is undoubtedly the positive example of methodologically precise legal ruling in the sphere of complicated abstract issues of abuse in tax law. This paper aims to describe the concept of general anti avoidance rule, comparing theoretical cognitions, regulation in Latvia and UK and also tax case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union.

  20. The Performance of Western Australian Ports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Malcolm Tull; Fred Affleck

    2008-01-01

    <正>The aim of this paper is to undertake an analysis of the performance of Western Australia’s port authorities.The context for this research is the report released in February 2006 by Access Economics (A scorecard of the design of economic regulation of infrastructure) for the Australian Council for Infrastructure Development.This report was critical of the regime for economic regulation of Western Australia’s ports,and by implication of the potential quality and efficiency of service delivery to their principal stakeholders.However,a reading of the Access Economics report and supporting data suggests that its analysis takes no account of the regulatory frameworks for port authorities in Western Austral ia(WA) contained in the Port Authorities Act 1999(WA) and elsewhere,or of the actual economic and physical performance of WA port authorities.In the light of this apparently flawed analysis of the effectiveness of port regulation in WA,it is timely to review the performance of ports under the current governance structures,and to place the Access Economics report in a broader empirical performance-based context. While there is no regime for direct regulation of access to WA’s port infrastructure,it is argued that provisions in WA’s legislation governing the management of ports provide much of the focus,transparency and accountability required of an adequate regulatory framework.The current dominant Australian model of public ownership,with ports acting as strategic managers subject to statutory and governmental oversight,offers a viable alternative to complete privatisation and specialised regulatory controls.Efficient ports arguably can emerge from a variety of institutional frameworks-there is no single ownership or administrative structure that fits all circumstances.

  1. Developing Walvis Bay Port into a logistics gateway for southern Africa: Issues, challenges and the potential implications for Namibia’s future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher J. Savage

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Many developing countries wish to become the ‘gateway’ to a region or part of a continent.One strategy involves encouraging logistics cluster development. These hubs support global supply chains and may enable the economic growth of the host country through the resulting trade, as well as providing direct and indirect employment opportunities during the build and subsequent operation of the hub. Namibia intends to develop the Port of Walvis Bay to be come the preferred gateway to southern Africa and the Southern African Development Community region. This article builds on research on Caribbean cluster potential and Namibian logistics to identify the potential benefits and impact on development, as well as the drawbacks and risks of such a strategy.

  2. Performance Effects of the Corporatisation of Port of Rotterdam Authority

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.W. de Langen (Peter); C. Heij (Christiaan)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractPort of Rotterdam Authority is a publicly owned but corporatized port development company. In 2004, this organisation was transformed from a municipal department to an independently operating company. The corporatisation intended to improve the overall performance of the port of Rotterda

  3. 75 FR 51243 - Trade Mission to the Port of Veracruz

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-19

    ... Mexico City area important to ports infrastructure development at the national level. Participants will.... --Lunch with Veracruz industry leaders. --Networking reception with industry contacts. --Breakfast with... December 7--Mexico City-Port of Veracruz Breakfast on their own Trip to the Port of Veracruz Lunch...

  4. Logistics Road map for Smart SeaPorts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaled Gaber EL Sakty

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the digital world, a smart concept became an essential feature for port organizations to serve as intelligent hubs in the world transport networks.  Smart ports are the trend for the future long-term strategies. Henceforth, ports aims at contributing to sustainable growth by establishing the appropriate conditions for the adoption of new management energy models based on low environmental impact and triggering innovation of both technologies and processes. The scope of this paper is to examine three main issues of smart ports; smart port arctic logistics roadmap, smart port challenges and obstacles in arctic port areas, and the criteria and Key Performance Indicators guiding the assessment of ports against this concept. The main purpose is to develop a smart arctic logistics road map for the future.

  5. 福州江阴保税港腹地拓展与集疏运系统建设%Fuzhou Jiangyin Bonded Port Hinterland Development and Construction of Transportation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴乔一康

    2015-01-01

    Jiangyin bonded port is Fuzhou's gateway to the world.The interior of Jiangyin bonded port stretches out like a fan.With the opening of the cross -border thruway and high -speed rail which connects the port and interior,the construction of the Dry Port and Enclave Port,and the prosperity of Fuzhou district in Fujian Free Trade Zone,the development of collecting and distributing system in Jiangyin bonded port will face new challenge.%福州江阴保税港是福州通往世界的门户。福州江阴港腹地拓展呈现扇形结构展开。伴随连接港口与腹地跨境高速公路、高速铁路的建成通车,以及“陆地港”和“飞地港”建设的推进,福建自贸区福州片区建设的兴起,福州江阴保税港区集疏运系统建设迎来新的机遇。

  6. 78 FR 36014 - Deepwater Port License Application: Liberty Natural Gas, LLC, Port Ambrose Deepwater Port

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... an application for the licensing of a liquefied natural gas deepwater port and that the application..., and operate a liquefied natural gas (LNG) deepwater port, known as Port Ambrose, located in the New... Maritime Administration Deepwater Port License Application: Liberty Natural Gas, LLC, Port...

  7. Tourist Port Havana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Biezen, T.F.; Kuhlman, W.; Schoen, J.J.; Stam, G.N.; Witteman, D.

    2013-01-01

    To achieve economic growth, the intentions of Cuba are to focus on tourism. The current facilities of the Port of Havana are however in a state of heavy decay and the city is not able to receive tourists travelling by yacht or ferry. For this reason the master plan Tourist Port Havana has been

  8. Tourist Port Havana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Biezen, T.F.; Kuhlman, W.; Schoen, J.J.; Stam, G.N.; Witteman, D.

    2013-01-01

    To achieve economic growth, the intentions of Cuba are to focus on tourism. The current facilities of the Port of Havana are however in a state of heavy decay and the city is not able to receive tourists travelling by yacht or ferry. For this reason the master plan Tourist Port Havana has been creat

  9. The Flexible Port

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taneja, P.

    2013-01-01

    Ports are beset with many uncertainties about their futures. They are confronted with new demands in terms of functions and scales, new external constraints, and changed expectations. The inability to adequately meet these demands can mean costly adaptations for a port, or loss of cargo and

  10. Port placement in thoracoscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KB Galketiya

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Thoracoscopy reduces the morbidity of open thoracotomy. The placement of camera and working ports is crucial for successful completion of the procedure. Methods: A retrospective review of video assisted thoracoscopic surgeries performed during January 2011 to June 2013 at the university surgical unit, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka was done. Port placement of each surgery was identified and the adequacy of space for dissection, use of additional ports for retractors, successful, comfortable and safe completion of the surgery with regard to average operative time, mean blood loss and conversions to open surgery were noted. Results: 9 different thoracoscopic procedures were performed on 67 patients. All procedures allowed comfortable dissection, adequate space for dissection and required no additional ports for retractors except for thymectomy and excision of retrosternal goiter. Time taken was acceptable with minimum blood loss and no conversions. Conclusion: For anterior and posterior mediastinal procedures the camera port was placed in the mid and the posterior axillary lines respectively and provided a clear display of the anatomy. The thirty degree camera was preferred as it provided a wider visual field. Working ports for anterior and posterior mediastinal procedures were placed in the anterior and mid axillary line respectively. Most effective placement for working ports were found to be two intercostal spaces above and below the camera port.

  11. Tourist Port Havana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Biezen, T.F.; Kuhlman, W.; Schoen, J.J.; Stam, G.N.; Witteman, D.

    2013-01-01

    To achieve economic growth, the intentions of Cuba are to focus on tourism. The current facilities of the Port of Havana are however in a state of heavy decay and the city is not able to receive tourists travelling by yacht or ferry. For this reason the master plan Tourist Port Havana has been creat

  12. Port-wine stain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Many treatments have been tried for port-wine stains, including freezing, surgery, radiation, and tattooing. Laser therapy is most successful in eliminating port-wine stains. It is the only method that can destroy the tiny blood vessels in the skin ...

  13. Port Stakeholder Summit - April 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA's National Port Stakeholders Summit, Advancing More Sustainable Ports, focused on actions to protect air quality while reducing climate risk and supporting economic growth, making ports more environmentally sustainable.

  14. COSIMA-ES-PORT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Michael Bruhn; Leleur, Steen

    2007-01-01

    and a multimodal terminal. The three studies indicates that a new road connection to the Port of Esbjerg is a very profitable project due to large travel time savings, whereas a new railway connection is not economically viable. However, a new multimodal terminal is also a very profitable project. The COSIMA-ES-PORT......This article describes the results of the research project – WP3 East-west, Interreg IIIB – concerning the de¬velop¬ment of a new composite decision model, COSIMA-ES-PORT, for the assessment of three pre-feasibility studies situated at the Port of Esbjerg: a road project, a railway project...... of COSIMA-ES-PORT showed some promising perspectives with regard to the implementation of other means of transportation for composite decision model assessment....

  15. Development of an X-ray pixel detector with multi-port charge-coupled device for X-ray free-electron laser experiments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kameshima, Takashi [JASRI, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Ono, Shun; Kudo, Togo; Ozaki, Kyosuke; Kirihara, Yoichi; Kobayashi, Kazuo; Inubushi, Yuichi [RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Yabashi, Makina; Hatsui, Takaki, E-mail: hatsui@spring8.or.jp [JASRI, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Horigome, Toshio [Institute for Molecular Science, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); Holland, Andrew; Holland, Karen [XCam, Ltd, 2 Stone Circle Road, Round Spinney Industrial Estate, Northampton NN3 8RF (United Kingdom); Burt, David [e2v, 106 Waterhouse Lane, Chelmsford, Essex CM1 2QU (United Kingdom); Murao, Hajime [Meisei Electric Co. Ltd, Naganuma 2223, Isesaki, Gunma 372-8585 (Japan)

    2014-03-15

    This paper presents development of an X-ray pixel detector with a multi-port charge-coupled device (MPCCD) for X-ray Free-Electron laser experiments. The fabrication process of the CCD was selected based on the X-ray radiation hardness against the estimated annual dose of 1.6 × 10{sup 14} photon/mm{sup 2}. The sensor device was optimized by maximizing the full well capacity as high as 5 Me- within 50 μm square pixels while keeping the single photon detection capability for X-ray photons higher than 6 keV and a readout speed of 60 frames/s. The system development also included a detector system for the MPCCD sensor. This paper summarizes the performance, calibration methods, and operation status.

  16. Port performance evaluation tool based on microsimulation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsavalista Burhani Jzolanda

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available As port performance is becoming correlative to national competitiveness, the issue of port performance evaluation has significantly raised. Port performances can simply be indicated by port service levels to the ship (e.g., throughput, waiting for berthing etc., as well as the utilization level of equipment and facilities within a certain period. The performances evaluation then can be used as a tool to develop related policies for improving the port’s performance to be more effective and efficient. However, the evaluation is frequently conducted based on deterministic approach, which hardly captures the nature variations of port parameters. Therefore, this paper presents a stochastic microsimulation model for investigating the impacts of port parameter variations to the port performances. The variations are derived from actual data in order to provide more realistic results. The model is further developed using MATLAB and Simulink based on the queuing theory.

  17. HomePort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Per Printz

    2009-01-01

    different components in these systems. One of the characteristics is that each system, like for instance heat and light, has their own specific way of using the communication system.   This paper describes a way to connect different home control systems through an intelligent gateway, called a HomePort....... The HomePort consists of a number of Subsystem communication drivers, a virtual communication layer, an interpreter and a PC- based compiler for a high level control language, called GIL (Gateway intelligence language). The focus in this paper will be on the upper two layers in the HomePort...

  18. Inland port performance: a statistical analysis of Dutch inland ports

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wiegmans, Bart; Witte, P.A.; Spit, T.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Most scientific attention in freight transportation port studies centers on the characteristics of deep-sea ports, in particular container ports. In our paper, in contrast, we focus our attention on the performance of inland ports in a European context, which is up to now an overlooked part in the s

  19. TRENDS IN CONTEMPORARY PORT SERVICES MARKETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Klimek

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the issues associated with functioning of contemporary seaport services markets. The growth of international supply chains, technical progress and the integration processes in shipping, growth of containerization, increasing competition in the seaport services markets and environmental protection regulations make it necessary for port service providers to adapt to the changing expectations and requirements of their customers, both shippers and, especially maritime, carriers. Thus, the activities they undertake are associated with making investments to ensure an adequate capacity to handle cargo, passengers and means of transport, required quality of service, but also with appropriate organization of port supply centres and lead to an improvement of their competitiveness. Both the factors associated with the external and internal environment of seaports affect the changes in the relationship between the supply and demand on port services markets. Contemporary port services markets are characterized by certain phenomena which can be a sign of their adaptation and development. The aim of this article is to present the essence of the port services market and its relationship with the environment, which subject to rapid and significant changes, creates new conditions for the operation of port supply centres and the entire port services market.

  20. The Origin and Development of the Sudanese Ports (‘Aydhâb, Bâ/di‘, Sawâkinin the early Islamic Period Origine et développement des ports soudanais (‘Aydhâb, Bâ/di‘, Sawâkin aux premiers siècles de l’Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Power

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Avant que la mobilité et les échanges liés au /hajj et au commerce avec l’Inde ne s’imposent de manière prédominante dans la mer Rouge médiévale à partir du xie siècle, les ports soudanais connurent une première phase d’activité (632-969, largement ignorée des historiens. Etablis dès les premiers temps de l’Islam, les ports de ‘Aydhâb et de Bâ/di‘ eurent pour première fonction d’appuyer la conquête islamique et de contenir la puissance d’Aksûm en Ethiopie. Les échanges marchands ne se développèrent que lentement. Dans la seconde moitié du viiie siècle se mit en place la traite des esclaves africains, avant que la « ruée vers l’or » du ixe siècle n’accélère la croissance des ports soudanais, entraînant notamment l’établissement du port de Sawâkin.The origin and early development of the Sudanese ports [AD 632-969] has been obscured by a fixation with the medieval ‘India trade’ and /hajj traffic. It can alternatively be shown that ‘Aidhâb and Bâ/di‘ were established to further the Muslim conquests and contain Aksumite Ethiopia. Trade was slow to develop. An African slave trade emerged in the mid eighth century. Gold mining thereafter assumed central importance, with Souakin established in a ninth-century ‘gold rush.’

  1. Influence of thermal treatment and combustible additives on properties of Latvian clay ceramics pellets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liga Dabare

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Porous ceramic pellets for possible environmental application were produced from different Latvian clays by sintering at different temperatures. Their characteristics and influence of additives were analysed using X-ray diffraction, mercury porosimetry and BET tests. The obtained ceramic pellets from calcareous clays after immersion in distilled water change its pH value, which affects their capability to adsorb ions or molecules on the surface. The sorption capabilities are dependent on the pH level of water solution, composition of clays, and used adsorbate. Porosity of the produced pellets is mostly within range from 15 to 25 % throughout all sintering temperatures with a slight decrease at 1050 °C. The specific surface area has a wide range up to 30 m2/g. The highest surface area has pellets sintered at lower temperatures. The adsorption capability of pellets was evaluated using water solutions with different ions. The most promising results were obtained with iodine sorption. For most pellets the sorption capacity was 12.7 mg/g, although for the pellets sintered at 1050 °C it was lower.

  2. HLA-DR and -DQ gene polymorphism in Latvian patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shtauvere, A; Rumba, I; Dzivite, I; Sanjeevi, C B

    1998-10-01

    Latvian insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) patients (n=101) and healthy controls (n=111) were analyzed for HLA-DR and DQ polymorphism. DR3-DQ2 and DR4-DQ8 were positively associated and DR15-DQ6, DR13-DQ6, DR1-DQ5 and DQ7 negatively associated with the disease. The incidence of IDDM in Latvia is very low (6.5 per 100,000) compared to Sweden (24.4 per 100,000), even though Latvia is close to Sweden. The reasons for the decreased incidence are not clear. When the negatively associated DQ were taken together in the healthy controls, more than 75% of the healthy controls were positive for one of the four negatively associated DQ molecules. The excess frequency of the negatively associated DQ molecules in the general population could explain the lower incidence of IDDM in Latvia. Association of HLA-DR and DQ genes with autoantibody markers shows DR3, but not DQ2, to be increased in GAD65 antibody-positive compared to antibody-negative patients. This association was not observed with ICA512 antibodies.

  3. Revitalising Borders: Memory, Mobility and Materiality in a Latvian-Russian Border Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aija Lulle

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I investigate how an international border is 'revitalised' in political discourses as opposed to lived experiences. Based on narratives I have collected from border dwellers on both sides of the current border between Latvia and Rus-sia and placing them into a broader context of current border debates, I analyse how geographical and social mobility is remembered from Soviet times and reworked in current contexts. I argue that while politically the border is revitalised through aban-doning and forgetting the Soviet past and through the idea of constant threats in the future, locally it is revitalised through giving a life to the abandoned: memories of 'vigorous times' in life-courses and material things. People who dwell at the border did not move themselves: the international border moved several times in one cen-tury leaving border dwellers' memories and significant places on the 'other' side. I focus on how these borders were crossed in the past, how they are (not crossed now, and the social meanings assigned to these circumstances. In the current con-text I follow diverse paths of reasoning that describe how the uneven flow of goods and people through the Latvian-Russian border shapes the power dynamic against which the people living in the border area used to reconstruct imaginaries of 'Soviet times' versus 'Europe' and 'vigorous times' versus decline.

  4. Hydrodynamic Conditions and Sediment Movement at Port of Port Orford

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-15

    1 HYDRODYNAMIC CONDITIONS AND SEDIMENT MOVEMENT AT PORT OF PORT ORFORD HONGHAI LI1, TAHIRIH C. LACKEY1, HANS R. MORITZ2, KATE C. GROTH2, JAROD...waves, investigate sediment movement, and alleviate channel shoaling at Port Orford, numerical modeling simulations are conducted under various...results indicate that the winter transport regime can motivate rapid channel infilling at Port of Port Orford due to the establishment of sustained

  5. Severe Weather Guide, Mediterranean Ports. 18. Ibiza

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-01

    two piers (Figure 2-3). A fuel pier extends southwest from the northern side of the port, while Estacion Maritima pier extends northeastward from the...side of the port, while Estacion Maritima (Maritime Station) pier extends northeastward from the southern side. The westernmost basin is used...wind velocity. At a given wind speed and a given state of wave development, each spectrum has a band of frequencies where most of the total energy is

  6. Outcomes of a single-port laparoscopic appendectomy using a glove port with a percutaneous organ-holding device and commercially-available multichannel single-port device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jieun; Lee, Sung Ryol; Kim, Hyung Ook; Son, Byung Ho; Choi, Wonjun

    2014-02-01

    A laparoscopic appendectomy is now commonly performed. The push in recent years toward reducing the number of ports required to perform this surgery has led to the development of a single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (SPA). We compared postoperative pain after an SPA using a glove port with a percutaneous organ-holding device (group 1) with that of an SPA using a commercially-available multichannel single-port device (group 2). Between March 2010 and July 2011, a retrospective study was conducted of a total of 77 patients who underwent an SPA by three surgeons at department of surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center. Thirty-eight patients received an SPA using a glove port with a percutaneous organ-holding device. The other 39 patients received an SPA using a commercially-available multichannel single port (Octo-Port or SILS Port). Operative details and postoperative outcomes were collected and evaluated. There were no differences in the mean operative times, times to pass gas, postoperative hospital stays, or cosmetic satisfaction scores between the two groups. The pain score in the first 24 hours after surgery was higher in group 2 than group 1 patients (P expensive than that used in group 1. An SPA using a glove port with a percutaneous organ-holding device was associated with a lower pain score during the first 24 hours after surgery because of the shorter fascia incision length and a cheaper cost than an SPA using a commercially-available multichannel single-port device.

  7. Sostojanie jekonomicheskogo soznanija i cennostnye orientacii vypusknikov latvijskih vuzov [Economic Consciousness and the System of Values of Latvian University Graduates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voronov Victor

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the attitude of a Latvian university’s graduates to wealth and means of its acquisition, as well as their assessment of their own economic status and preferred moves in case of unemployment. The author estimates the university graduates’ personal capabilities; their interests, skills and qualifications, the extent of their reliance on their own initiative and resources, and their confidence about the future. The article defines the graduates’ economic interests forming motivations and approaches to practical economic behavior according to certain types of economic consciousness.

  8. The Study of Modern Port Logistics Development Model Based on Fourth Party Logistics%基于第四方物流的现代港口物流发展模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁世贞

    2012-01-01

    Through the studies of the concept and the mode of operation of the fnurth party logistics, and the analysis of the characteristics and the development trend of modem port logistics, to point out the function of the fourth party logistics to the development of modem port logistics, and finally advances the port logistics development model based on fourth party logistics. This paper mainly discusses how to use the advanced fourth party logistics to improve the management and service level of the port, then to increase their competitiveness.%通过对第四方物流的概念和运作模式进行研究,并分析了现代港口物流的特点和发展趋势,指出了第四方物流对于现代港口物流的发展作用,最后提出引入第四方物流以后现代港口物流的发展模式,着重探讨如何利用第四方物流的先进性提高港口的管理和服务水平,增强其竞争力。

  9. Drumlins and related glaciogenic landforms of the Madliena Tilted Plain, Central Latvian Lowland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristaps Lamsters

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents new results on the morphometry and spatial distribution of the glaciogenic landforms and ice flow directions in the Madliena Tilted Plain that occupies the eastern part of the Central Latvian Lowland. Landforms were investigated by usingtopographic maps at scales of 1:25 000 and 1:10 000. There were identified and mapped 1461 glaciogenic landforms such as drumlins, end moraine ridges, eskers, ribbed moraines, marginal ridges, lateral shear margin moraines and recessional formations. Particular attention is given to the morphometry, spatial distribution, and the internal structure of drumlins. Glacial landscape of the study area was formed by the Zemgale ice lobe in course of deglaciation of the Late Weichselian Fennoscandian Ice Sheet, when the ice decay was interrupted by the reactivation of the Middle Lithuanian and the NorthLithuanian glacial phases at the end of the Oldest Dryas (18–15 ka BP. The detailed study of the internal structure of the Brenceni drumlin suggests that it consists of glaciotectonically disturbed glacio-aquatic sediments and of a single till thrust sheet between sand sediments on the flank of the drumlin. Morphometric analysis of the drumlin field shows that the mean length of drumlins is about 850 m; the mean width indicates the average size 280 m, and the mean elongation ratio is 3.0. The obtained statistics compared to the morphometry of drumlins worldwide, show close similarity, so it coincides with the concept that in general morphometry of drumlins is mostly independent of their location and the characteristics of the ice streams.

  10. AirPort Extreme

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    AirPort Extreme是基于IEEE802.11g无线通讯协议的54Mbps的无线路由机站,它提供了比802.11b标准几乎快5倍以上的连接速率。AirPort Extreme基站可以同时为50台Mac和PC机用户服务。它支持从无线打印至带有USB接口或以太网接口的打印机,支持无线桥接技术,并同时提供了一整套强大的管理工具。除此之外,AirPort Extreme基站还配有一个内建防火墙,

  11. Port Operational Marine Observing System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palazov, A.; Stefanov, A.; Slabakova, V.; Marinova, V.

    2009-04-01

    place and period from database. The POMOS is developed in the frame of academic-government partnerships and represents an important resource to the Bulgarian ports. In addition to providing operations and safety-critical information to the Maritime administration, PORTS will serve as a scientific tool and a platform for further developments.

  12. Ports (National) - National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA) Ports

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — Contains physical information on commercial facilities at the principal U.S. Coastal, Great Lakes and Inland Ports (NTAD 2015). The data consists of listings of port...

  13. “互联网+”背景下天津港建设智慧港口发展模式研究%Research on Development Model of Tianjin Smart Port in“Internet+”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张驰

    2015-01-01

    The key to promote the competitiveness and further development of a harbour is to facilitate its construction de-pending on information technology such as internet,cloud computation and big data based on an internet perspective. The“Internet+” is the inevitable choice to promote the upgrading and transformation of Chinese enterprises.This paper intro-duces smart port development of domestic ports under the“Internet+”background.Through discussing the strategic signifi-cance of building smart port in Tianjin,the framework and implementation scheme of Tianjin smart port were proposed.%运用互联网思维,借力物联网、云计算、大数据等信息化技术推进港口建设是提升港口竞争能力,促进其进一步发展的关键。介绍了在“互联网+”背景下国内主要港口建设“智慧港口”的发展情况,并对天津港建设“智慧港口”的战略意义进行了详细分析和研究,提出了天津港发展智慧型港口的结构框架和实施方案。

  14. Research on the Interactive Impacts between Ports and Urban Development in Ningbo%宁波港口与城市发展的互动作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王益澄

    2012-01-01

    The evolution of port cities consists of four phrases. The urban development of Ningbo is closely connected with the rise and fall of its port, which has expanded the magnitude of the city, transformed its formation and brought it with economic prosperity. The future themes of development for port cities include port-based cities, function upgrade, cultural industry and environmental improvement.%港口城市的成长经历了港城初始联系、港城相互关联、港城集聚互动、港城自增长等四个阶段。宁波城市的产生及其发展过程与港口的开发和兴衰紧密联系在一起,港口促进了城市规模的扩大、城市形态的变化和城市经济的繁荣。未来港口城市新的发展主流是港口组合城市的形成、综合功能的提升、文化内涵的挖掘和生态环境的优化。

  15. Tourist Port Havana

    OpenAIRE

    Van der Biezen, T.F.; Kuhlman, W.; Schoen, J.J.; Stam, G.N.; Witteman, D.

    2013-01-01

    To achieve economic growth, the intentions of Cuba are to focus on tourism. The current facilities of the Port of Havana are however in a state of heavy decay and the city is not able to receive tourists travelling by yacht or ferry. For this reason the master plan Tourist Port Havana has been created. The objective is to find a feasible solution in the Havana Bay to receive large numbers of tourists that will visit the city by yacht or ferry. This has resulted in the design of Marina La Coub...

  16. Tourist Port Havana

    OpenAIRE

    Van der Biezen, T.F.; Kuhlman, W.; Schoen, J.J.; Stam, G.N.; Witteman, D.

    2013-01-01

    To achieve economic growth, the intentions of Cuba are to focus on tourism. The current facilities of the Port of Havana are however in a state of heavy decay and the city is not able to receive tourists travelling by yacht or ferry. For this reason the master plan Tourist Port Havana has been created. The objective is to find a feasible solution in the Havana Bay to receive large numbers of tourists that will visit the city by yacht or ferry. This has resulted in the design of Marina La Coub...

  17. Port of Tianjin - the second largest port for energy export in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Y. [Port of Tianjin Authority (China)

    2002-07-01

    The Port of Tianjin, to the west of the Bohai Bay, is the largest port for international trade in China's northern mainland. The text of the talk, and 43 slides/overheads (file ZhaoYanHu.ppt) contains details of the harbor, the rail and road infrastructure, the handling equipment in use and plans for further developments at the port. In 2005 the total throughput will reach 140,000,000 tons, and by 2010, 200,000,000 tons of which coal and coke will take up 60,000,000 tons. 2 tabs.

  18. BALTIC NATIONAL TRANSMISSION NETWORK DEVELOPMENT TENDENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. N. Olejnikova

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the development of Baltic transmission networks, related to the program of the European Union (EU to improve the security of energy supply, competitiveness and improve the development. Infrastructure projects to meet the needs of electricity in the EU are considered. The highlight issues are plan of Baltic energy markets merging and Latvian energy market development tendency

  19. Analysis of laparoscopic port site complications: A descriptive study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somu Karthik

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: The rate of port site complications following conventional laparoscopic surgery is about 21 per 100,000 cases. It has shown a proportional rise with increase in the size of the port site incision and trocar. Although rare, complications that occur at the port site include infection, bleeding, and port site hernia. Aims: To determine the morbidity associated with ports at the site of their insertion in laparoscopic surgery and to identify risk factors for complications. Settings and Design: Prospective descriptive study. Materials and Methods: In the present descriptive study, a total of 570 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgeries for various ailments between August 2009 and July 2011 at our institute were observed for port site complications prospectively and the complications were reviewed. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistical analysis was carried out in the present study. The statistical software, namely, SPSS 15.0 was used for the analysis of the data. Results: Of the 570 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery, 17 (3% had developed complications specifically related to the port site during a minimum follow-up of three months; port site infection (PSI was the most frequent (n = 10, 1.8%, followed by port site bleeding (n = 4, 0.7%, omentum-related complications (n = 2; 0.35%, and port site metastasis (n = 1, 0.175%. Conclusions: Laparoscopic surgeries are associated with minimal port site complications. Complications are related to the increased number of ports. Umbilical port involvement is the commonest. Most complications are manageable with minimal morbidity, and can be further minimized with meticulous surgical technique during entry and exit.

  20. Ports and innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taneja, P.; Vellinga, T.; Van Schuylenburg, M.

    2012-01-01

    A volatile environment, dynamic markets, and challenges created by new environmental and social consideration demand innovative solutions. Innovation is the implementation of ideas to create value. It promises ports resilience into the future. In this paper we trace some recent successful innovation

  1. The_port_2017

    CERN Multimedia

    2017-01-01

    Organised by THE Port Association, hosted by CERN IdeaSquare and with partners from other non-governmental organisations, a three-day problem solving workshop hackathon devoted to humanitarian, social and public interest challenges. Interdisciplinary teams of hand selected participants working together in the fields of: communication – transport – health – science – education – work – culture – data

  2. HomePort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Le Guilly, Thibaut; Olsen, Petur; Ravn, Anders Peter;

    2013-01-01

    Ambient Intelligence systems use many sensors and actuators, with a diversity of networks, protocols and technologies which makes it impossible to access the devices in a common manner. This paper presents the HomePort software, which provides an open source RESTful interface to heterogeneous sen...

  3. Ports and innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taneja, P.; Vellinga, T.; Van Schuylenburg, M.

    2012-01-01

    A volatile environment, dynamic markets, and challenges created by new environmental and social consideration demand innovative solutions. Innovation is the implementation of ideas to create value. It promises ports resilience into the future. In this paper we trace some recent successful innovation

  4. PORTS WRESTLE FOR HUB STATUS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Due to the fact that there has been nocontainer transport hub port in NorthernChina,northern ports are striving fordevelopment and trying to secure a positionof being the hub port in Northern Chinaahead of others. According to media reports,EasternChina’s Shandong Province will invest 5billion yuan(US$604 million)in buildinga Qingdao international shipping hub thatisbased on existing ports in theShandong Peninsula.

  5. 33 CFR 165.760 - Security Zones; Tampa Bay, Port of Tampa, Port of Saint Petersburg, Port Manatee, Rattlesnake...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... a vessel required to comply with 33 CFR part 120. Designated representative means Coast Guard Patrol... of Tampa, Port of Saint Petersburg, Port Manatee, Rattlesnake, Old Port Tampa, Big Bend, Weedon... § 165.760 Security Zones; Tampa Bay, Port of Tampa, Port of Saint Petersburg, Port Manatee,...

  6. THE Port - hackathon at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; KNAEPPER, Ines; SILVA DE SOUSA, Bruno

    2014-01-01

    THE Port association combines creative minds from CERN and non-profit organisations in interdisciplinary teams to work on humanitarian technology related benefits to society. Our interdisciplinary teams of handpicked individuals chosen for their field-leading expertise and innovative mind combine humanitarian questions with state of the art science, cutting-edge technology and endless fantasy. We aim to impact the future by fusion of today’s real life problems analysis and vision of scientific evolution of the next decades. This forces us to develop concepts and solutions for the future - hungry to use our expertise in challenges of new fields.

  7. Strategy as Force: Towards Effective Strategies for Urban Development Projects: The Case of Rotterdam CityPorts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daamen, T.A.

    2010-01-01

    In European urban development practices, there is a recurring need for new perspectives that provide insight into the complexity involved in the realization of projects. This need exists particularly around prestigious projects, where the tension between planning ambitions on the one hand, and the

  8. Influence Learning Tour on Salted Fish Processing Behavior in Product Development in Karangantu Nusantara Fishing Port (NFP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudaya, Yaya

    2015-01-01

    In an effort to increase revenue, salted fish processors in Karangantu NFP should be able to change the behavior of production from quantity to quality orientation. The increase in revenue will be difficult to achieve if the salted fish products produced still monotonous and traditional and only sold in sacks or cardboard. Development of a quality…

  9. 国、内外港口船舶岸电技术的发展和应用现状%Development and Application of Technology for Shore Power Supply for Vessels in Port in China and Abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢明超; 刘汝梅; 石强; 李强

    2012-01-01

    目前,在国家日益重视节能减排和环境保护的大背景下,使用岸上电源系统为靠港船舶供电作为解决我国港口环境污染问题的全新尝试已有成功的范例,并在一些港口开展试点工作.重点介绍国内、外船舶岸电技术的发展和已建连云港港客滚码头59#泊位船舶岸电系统的配置情况,并对天津港现有泊位实施岸电技术改造后能够取得的经济效益和环境效益进行预测评估.根据国内港口的现实情况,提出全面实施港口船舶岸电系统存在的主要问题和相关意见与建议.%By now, it's increasingly required to save energy, reduce pollution emission and protect environment in China. The shore power supply system for the vessels in port is attempted in some ports and successfully resolves port environmental pollution in China. We emphasize the development of China and overseas shore power supply technologies for the vessels in port as well as the configuration of shore power supply system for the vessels at 59* berth of the existing Uanyungang Passenger Ro-Ro Terminal. In addition, we also estimate and evaluate the economic and environmental benefits created by the renovation of shore power supply technology for the existing berths in Tianjin Port. According to Chinese ports status, we put forward main problems, relevant suggestions and advices for full implementation of shore power supply system for the vessels in port.

  10. LM-research opportunities and activities at the Latvian Academy of Sciences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lielausis, O.

    1996-06-01

    In this presentation selected examples will be considered characterizing the breadth of their interests in LM applications. So, InGaSn eutectic was used as a modeling liquid for investigation of MHD effects typical to some LM-blanket configurations. LM coatings proposed for the protection of divertor plates were considered too. Experiments were performed on a superconducting magnet providing a 5.6 T magnetic field in a 30 liters bore. In a large vacuum chamber (12 m{sup 3}; 6.65 10{sup {minus}4} Pa) lithium cooling system for high temperature reactors was examined. Electromagnetic pumps and flowmeters able to work at lithium temperatures up to 960{degrees}C were tested. A Na loop, where two mounted in line electromagnetic pumps are delivering a 25 atm. pressure. The main Na loop equipped with em. pumps is based on a d=10 cm tubing. LM devices were installed in the Latvian 500 MW nuclear research reactor IRT-5000 too. First, a equipped with conductive e.m. pumps loop, where InGaSn serves as a {gamma}-carrier from activity generator (placed close to the core) to two outer 20 Mrad/h irradiators. Second, a LM system for rector control, where contained in InGaSn indium is used for neutron absorption and reactivity control. A closed cylindrical LM container was installed in the core instead of a traditional control rod. The container is divided in two chambers by means of elastic membranes. The one chamber contains InGaSn, the second GaSn (without In). By means of e.m. pumps the proportion between InGaSn and GaSn in the active zone can be changed ensuring a possibility to control the amount of introduced in the core absorbing material. Long term tests of the system were performed on a zero-power assembly. But for a shorter time the system was inserted in the core of the acting main reactor too and the efficiency of the control was confirmed.

  11. Performance Analysis of Air-to-Water Heat Pump in Latvian Climate Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazjonovs, Janis; Sipkevics, Andrejs; Jakovics, Andris; Dancigs, Andris; Bajare, Diana; Dancigs, Leonards

    2014-12-01

    Strategy of the European Union in efficient energy usage demands to have a higher proportion of renewable energy in the energy market. Since heat pumps are considered to be one of the most efficient heating and cooling systems, they will play an important role in the energy consumption reduction in buildings aimed to meet the target of nearly zero energy buildings set out in the EU Directive 2010/31/EU. Unfortunately, the declared heat pump Coefficient of Performance (COP) corresponds to a certain outdoor temperature (+7 °C), therefore different climate conditions, building characteristics and settings result in different COP values during the year. The aim of this research is to investigate the Seasonal Performance factor (SPF) values of air-to-water heat pump which better characterize the effectiveness of heat pump in a longer selected period of time, especially during the winter season, in different types of residential buildings in Latvian climate conditions. Latvia has four pronounced seasons of near-equal length. Winter starts in mid-December and lasts until mid-March. Latvia is characterized by cold, maritime climate (duration of the average heating period being 203 days, the average outdoor air temperature during the heating period being 0.0 °C, the coldest five-day average temperature being -20.7 °C, the average annual air temperature being +6.2 °C, the daily average relative humidity being 79 %). The first part of this research consists of operational air-towater heat pump energy performance monitoring in different residential buildings during the winter season. The second part of the research takes place under natural conditions in an experimental construction stand which is located in an urban environment in Riga, Latvia. The inner area of this test stand, where air-to-water heat pump performance is analyzed, is 9 m2. The ceiling height is 3 m, all external wall constructions (U = 0.16 W/(m2K)) have ventilated facades. To calculate SPF, the

  12. Port Blair declaration pledged to establish and develop Andaman and Nicobar Ocean Biogeographic Information System - Meeting report

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Chavan, V.S.; Achuthankutty, C.T.; Nazar, A.K.A.

    detailed a c- count of OBIS and IndOBIS. OBIS is the web - based federated information system that crawls data from distributed and he t- erogeneous databases for which it uses web - services architecture and XML schema (OBIS Schema) to interoperably... databases. It would use web - services architecture to collate or crawl data from heterogeneous data maintained and developed by var i ous custodians. It would feed data to Ind O BIS , and would also download data from I n dOBI S relevant...

  13. Development of NZP ceramic based {open_quotes}cast-in-place{close_quotes} diesel engine port liners

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagaswaran, R.; Limaye, S.Y.

    1996-02-01

    BSX (Ba{sub 1+x}Zr{sub 4}P{sub 6-2x}Si{sub 2x}O{sub 24}) and CSX (Ca{sub l-x}Sr{sub x}Zr{sub 4}P{sub 6}O{sub 24}) type NZP ceramics were fabricated and characterized for: (i) thermal properties viz., thermal conductivity, thermal expansion, thermal stability and thermal shock resistance; (ii) mechanical properties viz., flexure strength and elastic modulus; and (iii) microstructures. Results of these tests and analysis indicated that the BS-25 (x=0.25 in BSX) and CS-50 (x=0.50 in CSX) ceramics had the most desirable properties for casting metal with ceramic in place. Finite element analysis (FEA) of metal casting (with ceramic in place) was conducted to analyze thermomechanical stresses generated and determine material property requirements. Actual metal casting trials were also conducted to verify the results of finite element analysis. In initial trials, the ceramic cracked because of the large thermal expansion mismatch (hoop) stresses (predicted by FEA also). A process for introduction of a compliant layer between the metal and ceramic to alleviate such destructive stresses was developed. The compliant layer was successful in preventing cracking of either the ceramic or the metal. In addition to these achievements, pressure slip casting and gel-casting processes for fabrication of NZP components; and acoustic emission and ultrasonics-based NDE techniques for detection of microcracks and internal flaws, respectively, were successfully developed.

  14. AIS data based vessel speed, course and path analysis in the Botlek area in the Port of Rotterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shu, Y.; Daamen, W.; Ligteringen, H.; Hoogendoorn, S.P.

    2012-01-01

    Maritime traffic safety and port capacity is increasingly important nowadays. Due to the fast development of vessel traffic in ports and waterways, a lot of attention has been paid to maritime traffic safety and port capacity. Many simulation models have been used to predict traffic safety and port

  15. Intracorporeal hybrid single port vs conventional laparoscopic appendectomy in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Anthony Karam

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy combines laparoscopic single port dissection with open appendectomy after exteriorization of the appendix through the port site. Compared to the conventional three-port approach, this technique provides an alternative with excellent cosmetic outcome. We developed a safe and effective technique to perform an intracorporeal single port appendectomy, using the same laparoscope employed in the extracorporeal procedure. Retrospective review of 71 consecutively performed intracorporeal single port appendectomies and 30 conventional three-port appendectomies in children 6 to 17 years of age. A straight 10-mm Storz telescope with inbuilt 6 mm working channel is used to dissect the appendix, combined with one port-less 2.3 mm percutaneous grasper. Polymer WECK® hem-o-lock® clips are applied to seal the base of the appendix and the appendiceal vessels. No intraoperative complications were reported with the hybrid intracorporeal single port appendectomy or three-port appendectomy. There were two post-operative complications in the group treated with the single port hybrid technique: one intra-abdominal abscess and one surgical site infection. Groups did not differ in age, weight, and types of appendicitis. Operative times were shorter for the hybrid technique (70 vs 79 minutes but did not differ significantly (P=0.19. This modified technique to a previously described single port extracorporeal appendectomy is easy to master and implement. It provides exposure similar to a three-port laparoscopic appendectomy, while maintaining virtually scarless results and potentially reduces the risk for surgical site infections compared to the extracorporeal technique.

  16. Desenvolvimento de um infiltrômetro de aspersão portátil Development of a portable sprinkler infiltrometer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodorico Alves Sobrinho

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Desenvolveu-se, neste trabalho, um infiltrômetro de aspersão portátil, cujas características de precipitação relativas a diâmetro de gotas e energia cinética de impacto das gotas produzidas sobre solo, são semelhantes àquelas da chuva natural. Os resultados dos testes efetuados permitiram concluir-se que: o infiltrômetro desenvolvido permite aplicar-se água de forma não intermitente, numa área útil de 0,70 m²; a uniformidade de distribuição de água, expressa pelo coeficiente de uniformidade de Christiansen, apresentou valores entre 82 a 87%; a relação entre a energia cinética da chuva produzida pelo infiltrômetro e a energia cinética da chuva natural, situou-se acima de 90% para intensidades de precipitação de até 100 mm h-1.A portable sprinkler infiltrometer with precipitation characteristics of drop diameter and kinetic energy of impact, similar to that of natural rainfall, was developed. Testing showed that the developed infiltrometer allowed continuous water application in an area of 0.70 m² and the uniformity of water distribution, expressed by the Christiansen uniformity coefficient was between 82 and 87%. The ratio between the kinetic energy of rainfall simulated by the infiltrometer and the kinetic energy of natural rainfall was more than 90% for precipitation intensities of up to 100 mm h-1.

  17. Port and Harbor Security

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saito, T; Guthmuller, H; DeWeert, M

    2004-12-15

    Port and Harbor Security is a daunting task to which optics and photonics offers significant solutions. We are pleased to report that the 2005 Defense and Security Symposium (DSS, Orlando, FL) will include reports on active and passive photonic systems operating from both airborne and subsurface platforms. In addition to imaging techniques, there are various photonic applications, such as total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF), which can be used to ''sniff'' for traces of explosives or contaminants in marine. These non-imaging technologies are beyond the scope of this article, but will also be represented at DSS 2005. We encourage colleagues to join our technical group to help us to make our ports and harbors safer and more secure.

  18. Impact of port structures on the shoreline of Karnataka, west coast, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Deepa, N.; Kunte, P.D.

    nearer to the port region were specially studied for the quantification of erosion and accretion. Dredging for port development normally lead to noteworthy changes in the configuration of the seabed. These changes can meaning fully modify the currents...

  19. Simulation model for port shunting yards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusca, A.; Popa, M.; Rosca, E.; Rosca, M.; Dragu, V.; Rusca, F.

    2016-08-01

    Sea ports are important nodes in the supply chain, joining two high capacity transport modes: rail and maritime transport. The huge cargo flows transiting port requires high capacity construction and installation such as berths, large capacity cranes, respectively shunting yards. However, the port shunting yards specificity raises several problems such as: limited access since these are terminus stations for rail network, the in-output of large transit flows of cargo relatively to the scarcity of the departure/arrival of a ship, as well as limited land availability for implementing solutions to serve these flows. It is necessary to identify technological solutions that lead to an answer to these problems. The paper proposed a simulation model developed with ARENA computer simulation software suitable for shunting yards which serve sea ports with access to the rail network. Are investigates the principal aspects of shunting yards and adequate measures to increase their transit capacity. The operation capacity for shunting yards sub-system is assessed taking in consideration the required operating standards and the measure of performance (e.g. waiting time for freight wagons, number of railway line in station, storage area, etc.) of the railway station are computed. The conclusion and results, drawn from simulation, help transports and logistics specialists to test the proposals for improving the port management.

  20. Robotics for port security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smuda, William; Freiburger, Lonnie A.; Gerhart, Grant R.; Mallon, Lawrence

    2004-09-01

    The capacity through the use of robots with on board visual, NBC and HAZMAT sensors to rapidly and continuously screen convoys and staged exposed assets would be a force multiplier and measurably improve base and force protection at both inbound and outbound DOD and commercial facilities. This paper chronicles our experiment with the ODIS robot at the Ports of Los Angeles (POLA) and Long Beach (POLB) in July of 2003. POLA & POLB are responsible for moving over 30% of the United States trade goods. Queues of 54" container trucks routinely exceed 100 trucks, extending for over a mile from the port entrances. Spotted equipment and convoys at staging areas are a high visibility and value assets to a terrorist incident. The POLA/POLB scenario is also representative of TRANSCOM operations at the port of Basra during current operation in Iraq. The California Highway Patrol is responsible for physically inspecting these vehicles for roadworthiness and contraband, a dangerous and dirty job. We will also discuss the use of ODIS robots for this task.

  1. Research on the Logistics Supply Chain in Port Logistics Transportation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Yan-liang

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to improve and increase the logistics system effectiveness and to solve the problem of optimal movement of different flows. Logistics transport carrying the world on material resources transfer exchange important mission and economic development and our lives are closely linked, logistics chain logistics transport occupies an important position and in the e logistics chain in port logistics has play a decisive role. For many coastal countries port logistics is the economic lifeline of the country, on China's economic development role as important, port logistics transport bear the material exchange with the external communication of important role, so the Chinese port logistics transportation research, clear port logistics transportation, current situation, find the existing problems in the light of the problem, to find a suitable method for solving has great realistic meaning. To promote logistics development, improve the logistics supply chain system has play an important role in this filed.

  2. Porting salinas to the windows platform.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reese, Garth M.; Wilson, Christopher Riley

    2006-06-01

    The ASC program has enabled significant development of high end engineering applications on massively parallel machines. There is a great benefit in providing these applications on the desktop of the analysts and designers, at least insofar as the small models may be run on these platforms, thus providing a tool set that spans the application needs. This effort documents the work of porting Salinas to the WINDOWS{trademark} platform. Selection of the tools required to compile, link, test and run Salinas in this environment is discussed. Significant problems encountered along the way are listed along with an estimation of the overall cost of the port. This report may serve as a baseline for streamlining further porting activities with other ASC codes.

  3. Operational Optimization in Port Container Terminals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    As a result of the significant increase in worldwide containerized transportation the development of efficient handling systems in marine terminals has become very important for port competitiveness. In order to optimize the productivity the total handling time for containers in the terminal must...... be minimized. An overview of the different operational problems in port container terminals is presented and an aggregated model and solution approach is shown. Next, there will be focused on the yard storage problem and a mathematical formulation and solution proposals will be presented....

  4. ITER Port Interspace Pressure Calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carbajo, Juan J [ORNL; Van Hove, Walter A [ORNL

    2016-01-01

    The ITER Vacuum Vessel (VV) is equipped with 54 access ports. Each of these ports has an opening in the bioshield that communicates with a dedicated port cell. During Tokamak operation, the bioshield opening must be closed with a concrete plug to shield the radiation coming from the plasma. This port plug separates the port cell into a Port Interspace (between VV closure lid and Port Plug) on the inner side and the Port Cell on the outer side. This paper presents calculations of pressures and temperatures in the ITER (Ref. 1) Port Interspace after a double-ended guillotine break (DEGB) of a pipe of the Tokamak Cooling Water System (TCWS) with high temperature water. It is assumed that this DEGB occurs during the worst possible conditions, which are during water baking operation, with water at a temperature of 523 K (250 C) and at a pressure of 4.4 MPa. These conditions are more severe than during normal Tokamak operation, with the water at 398 K (125 C) and 2 MPa. Two computer codes are employed in these calculations: RELAP5-3D Version 4.2.1 (Ref. 2) to calculate the blowdown releases from the pipe break, and MELCOR, Version 1.8.6 (Ref. 3) to calculate the pressures and temperatures in the Port Interspace. A sensitivity study has been performed to optimize some flow areas.

  5. Genotype and allele frequencies of isoniazid-metabolizing enzymes NAT2 and GSTM1 in Latvian tuberculosis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igumnova, Viktorija; Capligina, Valentina; Krams, Alvils; Cirule, Andra; Elferts, Didzis; Pole, Ilva; Jansone, Inta; Bandere, Dace; Ranka, Renate

    2016-07-01

    Pharmacogenomic testing of tuberculosis drug-metabolizing enzyme genes was proposed as a strategy to identify patients at risk for suboptimal responses to medications. However, variations of the genotype frequencies among ethnic groups exist and new alleles are been identified. The aim of this study was to identify polymorphisms of genes encoding metabolic enzymes NAT2 and GSTM1 in tuberculosis patients in Latvia and to estimate the frequency of NAT2 slow acetylator and GSTM1 null genotypes. In total, 85 DNA samples were genotyped, all individuals were Caucasian. An ethnic heterogeneity reflecting the multiethnic population of the country was observed. 49 patients were Latvians, 30 were Russians and 6 of other ethnicity. In total, 7 NAT2 alleles were identified: *4, *5, *6, *7, *11, *12, * and *13. The most frequent was the slow acetylation allele NAT2*6 (frequency 0.388) followed by the slow acetylation allele NAT2*5 and the rapid acetylation allele NAT2*4 (frequencies 0.306 and 0.194, respectively). The predominance of slow (51.8%) and intermediate (43.5%) acetylators compared with rapid acetylators (4.7%) was observed. The GSTM1 null genotype was detected in 48.2% of tuberculosis patients. When subgroup analysis was performed according to ethnicity, the results showed that neither NAT2 allele frequencies nor GSTM1 null genotype frequency did not differ significantly in TB patients of Latvian or Russian ethnicity. Overall, genotyping results were similar with previous reports of a NAT2 gene variation and GSTM1 null genotype frequency in Caucasians. Our findings have a contribution for the pharmacogenetics-based tuberculosis therapy in Latvia in future.

  6. Different KIRs confer susceptibility and protection to adults with latent autoimmune diabetes in Latvian and Asian Indian populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shastry, Arun; Sedimbi, Saikiran K; Rajalingam, Raja; Rumba, Ingrida; Kanungo, Alok; Sanjeevi, C B

    2008-12-01

    KIRs (killer Ig-like receptors) expressed on natural killer (NK) cells are an important component of innate (and adaptive) immunity. They are either activatory or inhibitory, and certain KIRs are known to interact with specific motifs of HLA Class I molecules, which is very crucial in determining whether a cell is targeted to lysis or otherwise. Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is a slowly progressive form of autoimmune diabetes, with an adult onset (>30 years). Because autoantibodies and autoimmunity involved are involved in the etiology of LADA, KIRs might play an important role in conferring susceptibility to or protection against the disease. The purpose of this study was to identify killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genes, which are associated with susceptibility to and protection against type 1 diabetes in Latvian and Asian Indian patients with LADA. KIR and HLA-C ligand genotyping was performed using PCR-SSP in LADA patients from Latvia (n= 45) with age- and sex-matched controls (n= 92) and from India (n= 86) with controls (n= 98). Results showed that in Latvian patients with LADA, KIRs 2DL1, 2DS2, and 2DS4 were associated with susceptibility and KIR 2DS5 with protection. In Asian Indian LADA patients, KIRs 2DL5 and 3DL1 were associated with susceptibility and KIRs 2DS1 and 2DS3 with protection. Stratification analyses for KIRs that bind to HLA-C1 and C2 were performed. We concluded that KIRs are important in conferring susceptibility (or protection) to adult patients with LADA in both our study populations. However the KIR genes (and their HLA-C ligands) conferring susceptibility or protection in these two populations differ, showing a role of ethnicity in disease susceptibility.

  7. Association between the PSMB5 and PSMC6 genetic variations and children obesity in the Latvian population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paramonova N.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available According to the recent data the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS is implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity. Aim of our study was to evaluate a possible association between genetic variations in the PSMB5 and PSMC6 genes and childhood obesity in the Latvian population. Methods. The rs11543947 (PSMB5, rs2295826 and rs2295827 (PSMC6 were genotyped in 94 overweight children versus 191 controls. Stratification was made by family history and sex. Results. Heterozygous genotype at rs11543947 (PSMB5 manifested association with the disease (P < 0.01 in total group and in patients with family history (OR = 2.445 [95 % CI 1.378–4.339] and OR = 2.746 [95 % CI 1.427–5.283], respectively. This genotype was observed more frequently (P < 0.05 in males with family obesity and in females without family history (P < 0.01.The heterozygotes at rs2295826 and rs2295827 showed association (P < 0.01 in obesity (OB, in patients with family history (OR = 2.119 [95 % CI 1.207–3.718] and OR = 2.379 [95 % CI 1.249–4.533], respectively and in males group. The rs11543947/ rs2295826-rs2295827 multi locus genotype heterozygous at all the studied loci and the haplotype represented by the rare alleles were more frequent in obese children when compared to controls (P < 0.001 and P = 0.0001 respectively. Conclusions. Genetic variations of the PSMB5 (rs11543947 and PSMC6 (rs2295826 and rs2295827 genes can influence childhood obesity in Latvians.

  8. Lisímetro de pesagem de grande porte.: desenvolvimento e calibração A large-scale weighting lysimeter. part I: development and calibration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz F. M. de S. Campeche

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available A evapotranspiração de plantas frutíferas foi medida a partir da instalação e calibração de um lisímetro de pesagem de grande porte. O equipamento, composto por caçamba metálica em aço carbono, possui arquitetura circular com área de 5,72 m² e massa total de 10,5 toneladas. Uma muda de coqueiro anão-verde foi transplantada para o lisímetro e mantida sob as mesmas condições de solo e adubação do campo experimental. Na automação do processo foi utilizado o mecanismo de alívio de carga baseado em sistemas de alavancas e contrapesos, apoiado em uma célula de carga com capacidade de 200 kg e precisão de 0,02% de sua capacidade. Os dados de saída da célula de carga foram armazenados em um coletor automático de dados tipo data logger. A relação entre a variação de massa e a voltagem da célula de carga do lisímetro é descrita adequadamente por modelo linear com mínima histerese. A metodologia empregada na instalação e na calibração do lisímetro foi adequada, obtendo-se um coeficiente de determinação de 0,99 na equação de calibração. Os resultados ainda indicam que o lisímetro de pesagem pode ser utilizado com êxito na determinação de evapotranspiração de plantas frutíferas de grande porte.The objectives of present study were to develop and to calibrate a large-scale weighing lysimeter in order to estimate evapotranspiration of fruit plants. The equipment consisted of a metallic bucket (steel carbon of circular design with total area of 5.72 m² and total mass of 10.5 t. A seedling of dwarf-green coconut palm was transplanted in lysimeter and maintained under same fertilization conditions of experimental field. For automation of the process, a mechanism of load relief based on systems of levers and counterbalances was used, leaning in a load cell with capacity of 200 kg and precision of 0.02% of its capacity. The output data of load cell were stored in an automatic data acquisition system. The

  9. Study on the Harmonious Development Strategy of Port Logistics in Minnan Area%闽南地区港口物流协同发展策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何娜; 李娜

    2012-01-01

    With the development of global economy integration, an effective way of competitive advantage construction for the regional port logistics is harmonious development. The paper analyzes the present situation of the port logistics market economy environment, infrastructure construction, irfformation technology and port logistics talent in Minnan, then some related measures and suggestions are putted forward.%随着全球经济一体化的发展,协同发展成为各地区港口物流优势竞争力构建的一条有效途径。对闽南地区港口物流市场经济环境、基础设施与设备建设、信息技术及港口物流人才的现状进行分析,提出统一规划、资源共享、关联互动等有利于港口物流协同发展的相关措施与建议。

  10. The state-of-the-art port of entry workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godfrey, B.

    1995-05-01

    The increased demand for freight movements through international ports of entry and the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) have increased freight traffic at border ports of entry. The State-of-the-Art Port of Entry Workshop initiated a dialogue among technologists and stakeholders to explore the potential uses of technology at border crossings and to set development priorities. International ports of entry are both information and labor intensive, and there are many promising technologies that could be used to provide timely information and optimize inspection resources. Participants universally held that integration of technologies and operations is critical to improving port services. A series of Next Steps was developed to address stakeholder issues and national priorities, such as the National Transportation Policy and National Drug Policy. This report documents the views of the various stakeholders and technologists present at the workshop and outlines future directions of study.

  11. Building the Portes ouvertes CD-ROM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Christopher M.; Frommer, Judith

    1999-01-01

    Describes the development of the "Portes ouvertes" CD-ROM, which was produced as an integrated part of a first-year method for elementary French. Details the design and production of the CD-ROM with reference to video and textbook elements where such reference is indispensable to an understanding of pedagogical foundations. (Author/VWL)

  12. Cooperation between developed countries and the Republic of Latvia in the field of energy: globalisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oss, A. [State Power Company, Riga (Latvia); Zeltina, L. [Riga Technical University (Latvia); Zeltinsh, N. [Latvian Academy of Sciences, Riga (Latvia). Institute of Physical Energetics

    2003-07-01

    This article presents characteristics of Latvian economics. A detailed analysis is given for the cooperation of Latvia with developed and other countries. Our research is based on the methodology worked out and developed introduced into practice by Professor J. Michna, Chairman of the International Centre for Energy and Environmental Policy (ICEEP) for Central and Eastern Europe Countries, intended for the research 'Cooperation between developed and post-transformation countries (in the scope of energy consumption problems) in relation to research results in the years 1994-1997'. Capital investments in Latvian economics are discussed in a global aspect. (author)

  13. Queuing theory models used for port equipment sizing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragu, V.; Dinu, O.; Ruscă, A.; Burciu, Ş.; Roman, E. A.

    2017-08-01

    The significant growth of volumes and distances on road transportation led to the necessity of finding solutions to increase water transportation market share together with the handling and transfer technologies within its terminals. It is widely known that the biggest times are consumed within the transport terminals (loading/unloading/transfer) and so the necessity of constantly developing handling techniques and technologies in concordance with the goods flows size so that the total waiting time of ships within ports is reduced. Port development should be achieved by harmonizing the contradictory interests of port administration and users. Port administrators aim profit increase opposite to users that want savings by increasing consumers’ surplus. The difficulty consists in the fact that the transport demand - supply equilibrium must be realised at costs and goods quantities transiting the port in order to satisfy the interests of both parties involved. This paper presents a port equipment sizing model by using queueing theory so that the sum of costs for ships waiting operations and equipment usage would be minimum. Ship operation within the port is assimilated to a mass service waiting system in which parameters are later used to determine the main costs for ships and port equipment.

  14. Porting GENESIS to SIMULINK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez Campos, Francisco; Enderle, John D

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the porting of the general simulation system (GENESIS) to Matrix Language Laboratory language (MatLab) SIMULINK, based in the cable theory to simulate the behavior of neurons. A graphic programming approach serves as ideal platform for teaching physiological modeling and neuroengineering courses. The ultimate goal of this project is to integrate all of the chemical, electrical, material, mechanical and neural interactions into a single model that can be viewed seamlessly from a molecular model to the large scale model. Integration of all interactions is not possible with GENESIS, but can be accomplished with SIMULINK.

  15. The Construction and Development of Ports in Xinjiang under the Background of Silk Road Economic Belt Strategy%丝绸之路经济带战略下新疆口岸的建设与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆沙江·努热吉; 何伦志

    2016-01-01

    The development of ports in Xinjiang,which is the frontier of China’s allover opening up to the outside world and the Silk Road Economic Belt construction,is of great significance in guaranteeing China's energy security,leading regional industrial development,and accelerating the formation of a new regional economic growth pole. But,the lagged behind development of port construction in Xinjiang restrict the role it should play. Problems with port construction in Xinjiang include the lack of stable capital sources,the separation of investors and beneficiaries which restraining the enthusiasm of main investors, the small number of railway ports,and the passive situation of domestic foreign trade enterprises. So,we should carry out reform in the interest distribution system between the central and local government,introduce private enterprises in port construction, integrate port construction investors and beneficiaries,launch the construction of the Kyrgyzstan Uzbekistan Railway,Pakistan railway,the China Takexiken Mongolia railway,and China Baketu Kazakhstan railway to realize the diversification of combined transportation. At the same time,we should,first,give more policy support,formulate construction plan as soon as possible, and confirm the strategic position of port construction;second,we should promote the development of financial service base, and realize the cross-border settlement of RMB;third,arrange the coordinated development of ports and special economic zone and promote the regional economic growth of ports area;fourth,we should formulate preferential policy,and enhance the leading role of port construction;and fifth,we should give full play to the role of port management organizations,and manage port construction in a coordinated way.%新疆口岸作为我国全方位对外开放和丝绸之路经济带建设的前沿,其发展对保障我国能源安全、带动区域产业发展形成新的区域经济增长极、推动我国与周边国家的

  16. Single port access surgery with a novel Port Camera system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terry, Benjamin S; Schoen, Jonathan; Mills, Zachary; Rentschler, Mark E

    2012-06-01

    In this work, the authors designed, built, and tested a novel port camera system for single port access (SPA) laparoscopic surgery. This SPA Port Camera device integrates the monitor, laparoscopic camera, and light source into an inexpensive, portable cannula port. The device uses a 2-channel SPA port inserted through an umbilical incision, similar to traditional SPA. After insertion into a channel, the device deploys a small camera module and LED lamp in vivo. An integrated, on-patient LCD provides the view of the surgical site. The design intent of the port camera is to enhance SPA by (a) reducing the size of the SPA port through the elimination of the dedicated laparoscope channel; (b) reducing equipment cost by integrating an inexpensive CMOS sensor and LED lamp at the port tip; (c) eliminating the need for an assistant who operates the laparoscope; and (d) mechanically coupling the camera, tool port, and on-patient LCD screen. The effectiveness of the device was evaluated by comparing the video performance with a leading industry laparoscope and by performing a user evaluation study and live porcine surgery with the device. Effectiveness of the device was mixed. Overall video system performance of the device is better than an industry standard high-definition laparoscope, implying that significant cost savings over a traditional system are possible. Participant study results suggest that simulated laparoscopic tasks are as efficient with the SPA Port Camera as they are with a typical SPA configuration. However, live surgery revealed several shortcomings of the SPA Port Camera.

  17. Self port scanning tool : providing a more secure computing Environment through the use of proactive port scanning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocher, Joshua E; Gilliam, David P.

    2005-01-01

    Secure computing is a necessity in the hostile environment that the internet has become. Protection from nefarious individuals and organizations requires a solution that is more a methodology than a one time fix. One aspect of this methodology is having the knowledge of which network ports a computer has open to the world, These network ports are essentially the doorways from the internet into the computer. An assessment method which uses the nmap software to scan ports has been developed to aid System Administrators (SAs) with analysis of open ports on their system(s). Additionally, baselines for several operating systems have been developed so that SAs can compare their open ports to a baseline for a given operating system. Further, the tool is deployed on a website where SAs and Users can request a port scan of their computer. The results are then emailed to the requestor. This tool aids Users, SAs, and security professionals by providing an overall picture of what services are running, what ports are open, potential trojan programs or backdoors, and what ports can be closed.

  18. Dry Port Location Problem: A Hybrid Multi-Criteria Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BENTALEB Fatimazahra

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Choosing a location for a dry port is a problem which becomes more essential and crucial. This study deals with the problem of locating dry ports. On this matter, a model combining multi-criteria (MACBETH and mono-criteria (BARYCENTER methods to find a solution to dry port location problem has been proposed. In the first phase, a systematic literature review was carried out on dry port location problem and then a methodological classification was presented for this research. In the second phase, a hybrid multi-criteria approach was developed in order to determine the best dry port location taking different criteria into account. A Computational practice and a qualitative analysis from a case study in the Moroccan context have been provided. The results show that the optimal location is very convenient with the geographical region and the government policies.

  19. SeaPort-e Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    aquilent.com 22 QUESTIONS?? 23 Back-up 24 Program Evolution Category SeaPort Original (2001 – 2004) SeaPort-Enhanced (2004...Function = Industry User Function External System Interfaces: Create Purchase Request (Navy ERP ) Receive CAR Data (FPDS-NG) Receive Award Documents (EDA) Receive Award Data (SPS)

  20. Laparoscopic three-port distal pancreatectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subhas, Gokulakkrishna; Gupta, Natasha; Mittal, Vijay K; Jacobs, Michael J

    2011-01-01

    Aims Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is becoming a more commonly used procedure, which may involve the use of four to seven ports, depending on the technique. Initial data on feasibility, safety and outcome with the three-port laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy are presented. Methods The patient is placed in a partial thoracoabdominal position exposing the left flank in a reverse Trendelenberg position. A 10-mm Hassan trocar is inserted through a subcostal anterior axillary incision. A 5-mm midclavicular and 10-mm posterior axillary line trocar are placed. The specimen is retrieved from the anterior axillary line port. Results Ten women and seven men, aged 26–88 years (mean 61 years), were evaluated. Their body mass indexes ranged from 18–37 (mean 27). Pancreatic lesion size ranged from 1.0–5.5 cm (mean 3.0 cm). Operative time was 116–296 min (mean 170 min). Blood loss was 10–300 ml (mean 142 ml). No operation required conversion or additional trocar placement. Post-operative stay was 2–7 days (mean 4 days). No patient developed a pancreatic fistula. Conclusion Operative time, blood loss and post-operative stay of this three-port technique compare favourably with published data. PMID:21492337

  1. Tsunami Defense Efforts at Samcheok Port, Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Y. S.

    2016-02-01

    Tsunamis mainly triggered by impulsive undersea motions are long waves and can propagate a long distance. Thus, they can cause huge casualties not only neighboring countries but also distant countries. Recently, several devastating tsunamis have been occurred around the Pacific Ocean rim. Among them, the Great East Japan tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011 is probably recorded as one of the most destructive tsunamis during last several decades. The Tsunami killed more than 20,000 people (including missing people) and deprived of property damage of approximately 300 billion USD. The eastern coast of the Korean Peninsula has been attacked historically by unexpected tsunami events. These tsunamis were generated by undersea earthquakes occurred off the west coast of Japan. For example, the Central East Sea Tsunami occurred on May 26, 1983 killed 3 people and caused serious property damage at Samcheok Port located at the eastern coast of Korea. Thus, a defense plan against unexpected tsunami strikes is an essential task for the port authority to protect lives of human beings and port facilities. In this study, a master plan of tsunami defense is introduced at Samcheok Port. A tsunami hazard map is also made by employing both propagation and inundation models. Detailed defense efforts are described including the procedure of development of a tsunami hazard map. Keywords: tsunami, hazard map, run-up height, emergency action plan

  2. Strategicheskie vozmozhnosti jekonomicheskogo razvitija rossijskih pribrezhnyh zon i morskih portovo-promyshlennyh kompleksov Baltijskogo morja [Strategic opportunities for economic development of the Baltic Sea coastal zones and sea industrial and port complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gogoberidze George

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, one of the principal dimensions in attraction of the world economy structures is coastal territories as spaces where marine potential of a state is most pronounced. In this respect, it is vital to set the priorities of development of coastal zones taking into account the changes in the strategic situation in order to maintain the components of marine potential of the Russian Federation at the level of its national interests. The article aims to develop an indicator system of assessment of coastal zone potential, and sea industrial and port facilities in order to identify the characteristic and strategic capacities of the economic development of these territories in the complex approach. The research methodology is based on the assessment of marine potential of coastal territories as an indicator of the efficacy of its marine economic complex development with using the indicator methods as a multi-factor and multi-level spatial system. The proposed system is applied to a complex analysis of coastal territories of the Russian Baltic, the estimation of a socio-economic factor of coastal zone marine potential, as well as recommendations for long-term planning of the economic development of Russia’s coastal zones of the Baltic Sea and the organization of marine activities. This methodology can help to identify a role of coastal territories in the economy and reflect perspectives and directions of strategic development of coastal zones, and sea industrial and port facilities of the Russian Federation.

  3. Liquid phase methanol LaPorte Process Development Unit: Modification, operation, and support studies. Task 2.2: Process variable Scan Run E-8 and in-situ activation with syngas Run E-9

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-02-28

    The LPMEOH process was conceived and patented by Chem Systems Inc. in 1975. Initial research and studies on the process focused on two distinct modes of operation. The first was a liquid fluidized mode with relatively large catalyst pellets suspended in a fluidizing liquid, and the second was an entrained (slurry) mode with fine catalyst particles slurried in an inert liquid. The development of both operating modes progressed in parallel from bench scale reactors, through an intermediate scale lab PDU, and then to the LaPorte PDU in 1984. The slurry mode of operation was ultimately chosen as the operating mode of choice due to its superior performance.

  4. Evaluation of Green Port Factors and Performance: A Fuzzy AHP Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong-Her Chiu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the occurrence of abnormal global environmental change, the concept of sustainable development becomes more and more important. Port plays an important role in economic development for a country. To tackle the environmental pollution coming from the construction and operation of a port, the green concept emerged as a solution. Founded on the previous literatures, the current study formulates a Fuzzy AHP model including five dimensions and thirteen factors as the guidelines for green port operation. The results of empirical study point out the top five priority attributes of green port operation which are: hazardous waste handling, air pollution, water pollution, port greenery, and habitat quality maintenance. The FAHP model is a good referral for decision makers of port organizations to forge a “greener” port operation; it also can be used to evaluate the port’s green operation performance.

  5. Ports: Definition and study of types, sizes and business models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Roa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In the world today there are thousands of port facilities of different types and sizes, competing to capture some market share of freight by sea, mainly. This article aims to determine the type of port and the most common size, in order to find out which business model is applied in that segment and what is the legal status of the companies of such infrastructure.Design/methodology/approach: To achieve this goal, we develop a research on a representative sample of 800 ports worldwide, which manage 90% of the containerized port loading. Then you can find out the legal status of the companies that manage them.Findings: The results indicate a port type and a dominant size, which are mostly managed by companies subject to a concession model.Research limitations/implications: In this research, we study only those ports that handle freight (basically containerized, ignoring other activities such as fishing, military, tourism or recreational.Originality/value: This is an investigation to show that the vast majority of the studied segment port facilities are governed by a similar corporate model and subject to pressure from the markets, which increasingly demand efficiency and service. Consequently, we tend to concession terminals to private operators in a process that might be called privatization, but in the strictest sense of the term, is not entirely realistic because the ownership of the land never ceases to be public

  6. 烟台港商品车物流发展趋势探究%A Discusion on the Development Trend of Commodity Car’s Logistics in Yantai Port

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马金凤

    2012-01-01

    商品车物流是商品车销售的一个重要环节。港口有必要凭借其独特的区位优势和基础设施优势,逐渐向综合汽车物流中心的方向发展。介绍了物流的现状和特点。分析了烟台港商品车物流的现状和发展前景。对烟台港发展商品车滚装运输提出了一些建议。%The commodity car’s logistics is an important link in the commodity car’s sale. It is necessary for port to develop towards comprehensive car’s logistics centre relying on its special regional advantage and infrastructure advantage. This paper introduces the status and characteristics of the commodity car’s logistics, analyzes the status and developing prospect of the commodity car’s logistics in Yantai Port. Then it puts forward a few suggestions for developing roll-in and roll-out transportation of commodity car.

  7. Optimizing Empty Containers Distribution among Ports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed A. Hajeeh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Empty containers are an essential part of the logistics of the movement, repositioning and distribution of containers. Optimizing the allocation and transportation of empty containers contributes significantly in reducing cost. Approach: A mathematical model is formulated with the objective of finding an optimal sequence of ships movement among ports in order to satisfy demands at the ports with minimum total cost. Results: Several numerical examples are used to compare the performance of the developed optimization model with well known standard models available in the literature. Conclusion/Recommendation: It was observed that the solution obtained by the developed method to be either as good as or better than the solution provided by other standard models. Future work should consider contribution of full containers in meeting demand for empty containers.

  8. Body fat in children and adolescents participating in organized sports: Descriptive epidemiological study of 6048 Latvian athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalnina, Liga; Sauka, Melita; Timpka, Toomas; Dahlström, Örjan; Nylander, Eva; Selga, Guntars; Ligere, Renate; Karklina, Helena; Priedite, Ilga S; Larins, Viesturs

    2015-08-01

    Pressure among young athletes to meet body composition goals may lead to poor nutrition and affect growth. To examine the proportion of body fat (%BF), measured by bioimpedance analysis, among Latvian children and adolescents participating in organized sports. Our study had a nationally representative sample of 6048 young athletes, aged 10-17 years. Their %BF was measured using a multifrequency, 8-pole, bioelectrical impedance leg-to-hand analyzer. About 19.2% (CI 14.4-20.0) of boys and 15.1% (CI 14.0-16.3) of girls had a %BF value below the recommended levels. The %BF in young female athletes participating in aesthetic sports was lower than among their peers participating in other sports. Young male athletes participating in aesthetic sports had lower %BF levels at 10 and 12 years of age, compared with participants in weight-class sports; and lower levels of %BF from age 10-14 years, compared with participants in non-weight-sensitive sports. Almost every fifth child and adolescent participating in organized sports displayed critically low body fat levels. Body fat needs to be assessed regularly in young athletes, to prevent negative consequences on health. © 2015 the Nordic Societies of Public Health.

  9. Porting AIX onto the Student Electronic Notebook

    OpenAIRE

    Ioannidis, John; Gerald Q. Maguire Jr.; Ben-Shaul, Israel; Levedopoulos, Marios; Liu, Micky

    1990-01-01

    We describe the Student Electronic Notebook and the process of porting IBM’s AIX 1.1 to run on it. We believe that portable workstation-class machines connected by wireless networks and dependent on a computational and informational infrastructure raise a number of important issues in operating systems and distributed computation (e.g., the partitioning of tasks between workstations and infrastructure), and therefore the development of such machines and their software is important. We conclud...

  10. Virtual Waterless Port:" BRING THE PORT FORWARD"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Siyuan

    2009-01-01

    @@ To deal with the crisis,the central government of China carried out"ten major industries stimulating programme",which includes logistics and information industry.Lifting the development of logistics and information industry to a level of national strategy,it shows that the central governments is paying great attention to construct modern logistics service system,cut the costs and improve efficiency,bringing an opportunity for Chinese logistics industry.

  11. Current situation and countermeasures of port logistics park information construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhen Liu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Improve work efficiency of logistics park department, and drive the economy of the park and its surrounding areas. Design/methodology/approach: Analyze the information development situation and existent questions of current national logistics park, and design proper scheme to meet the demand of port logistics park. Findings: Proposed an information construction implementation plan using technology of the Internet of things which can be applied to port logistics park. Designed a scheme for the park information construction and explained the system's implementation strategy and implementation steps. Practical implications: The proposed construction program is particularly suitable for the northwest port logistics parks in China, and also has reference function to other logistics park construction. Originality/value: Group the information construction of the logistics park into four levels, three types of users, and two requirements. The scheme is innovative and comprehensive, which can ensure the development of port logistics park.

  12. Port Regionalization and Landlocked Hinterland: The Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Paul Rodrigue

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The expansion of the European Union (EU and economic growth have propelled the development of intermodal transportation and logistics activities in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE. Yet, the inland location of most CEE economies requires improved connectivity to port terminals on both the Atlantic/Baltic and Mediterranean/Black Sea ranges. The paper provides a broader research perspective on inland logistics platforms focusing on the CEE region, particularly as it concerns the role of the public sector in port hinterland infrastructure development. The paper identifies the current bottlenecks in logistics activity in regard to the whole range of the national transport chains. A dual regionalization process is taking place between the ports of the Northern and Mediterranean ranges and that the Northern Range is more effective at servicing the CEE region, including the Czech Republic, in spite of the proximity advantage of Mediterranean ports.

  13. 19 CFR 18.27 - Port marks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Port marks. 18.27 Section 18.27 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TRANSPORTATION... Port marks. Port marks may be added by authority of the port director and under the supervision of...

  14. Study on Collaborative Development of Economy and Port Logistics of Qingdao%青岛港物流与青岛市经济的协同发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we viewed the port logistics system and economic system of Qingdao as a composite system, used the synergetics theory to build the model of the collaborative development of the two, calculated the collaborative degree between the two for the past ten years, and revealed the pushing effect of the development of the logistics industry at the Qingdao Port to the economic growth of the city as well as the pulling effect of the latter to the former.%将青岛港物流系统与青岛市经济系统视为一个复合系统,采用协同学理论,建立了青岛港物流系统与青岛市经济系统的协同度发展模型,并计算出了青岛港物流系统与青岛市经济系统近十年的协同度,分析得出青岛港物流发展对青岛市的经济增长具有促进作用,而青岛市经济增长对青岛港物流发展有拉动作用,通过定量分析说明了青岛港物流系统与青岛市经济系统之间的协同发展关系。

  15. Ports and Waterways Safety Assessments (PAWSA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    Port Everglades 6.0 National Risk Mitigation Strategies: • Continue efforts at IMO to strengthen ISM Code and STCW requirements. • Validate...enforcing, via port state control boardings, ISM Code / STCW requirements for ships calling at U.S. ports...calling at U.S. ports. • Continue vigorously enforcing, via port state control boardings, ISM Code / STCW requirements for ships calling at U.S

  16. SNA Approach for Analyzing the Research Trend of International Port Competition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Woo Jeon

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Although port competition is changing continually in various environments, no research trend analyses of port competition have been carried out. Instead, prior studies have focused on ports gaining a competitive advantage or the development strategies of ports, this study analyses the research trends in port competition using a Social Network Analysis (SNA. We build the network using keywords from existing academic papers on port competition. By visualizing divisions by generation, studies in the first period (1980–1999 focused mainly on keywords such as “port competition” and “competitiveness.” Then, in the second period (2000–2007, the trends shifted to include “port competition” “China” “container port” and “Hong Kong” which became central in the network. The most drastic change occurred in the third period (2008–2015, where, in addition to “port competition,” the central point of the network also included “cooperation” and “supply chain”. The results of the analysis using the high central value of SNA method indicate that the focus of research on port competition ranges from one dedicated region to globalization. This can help researchers understand the research trend of port competition from an academic viewpoint.

  17. Danube area spatial integration by stimulating the Romanian port cities regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Voica

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Romania is crossed through by the Danube, the main European river course, the Romanian port cities being an important item of the European river network. Ports as Galati, Tulcea, Giurgiu are part of the Pan-European Corridor IV, assuring the Eastern link for the merchandises entering Europe through some of the main ports as Rotterdam, Wien, Mainz or Strasbourg. Their strategic location is offering the Romanian ports the opportunity of becoming the main gate for the water traffic between Asia and Occident. The paper is developing the concept of urban regeneration of the port cities and their spatial integration within the Danube influence area. The objective is to propose an analyze frame for the port – city system, to identify the possible strategies and actions for promoting the local development and port – cities regeneration supporting. The paper process has the following approaches: the assessment of the economic development, tourist opportunities, culture and nature resources as a support for tourism development and strengthening into the port cities. Population relationships, opportunities within the crossing border area these port cities are having in view are analyzed. The intended purpose of the paper is to highlight the functional particularities of port cities and to elaborate a scenario of planning approach to their study implications promoted regeneration of socio-economic and ecological assessments.

  18. The Implications of the Growth of Port Throughput on the Port Capacity: the Case of Malaysian Major Container Seaports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Jeevan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia, situated between East and West, is an interface in world maritime trade, playing a crucial role in the business of moving container boxes in South-eastern parts of Asia. The prominent container terminals in Malaysia such as Port Klang and Port of Tanjung Pelepas are positioned among the top twenty ports in terms of volume handled. The annual average growth of throughputs in Malaysian container ports increased more than three-fold from the year 2000 to 2010. Within this context, the development of Malaysian seaports has been significantly influenced by three forces: increased use of containerisation, significant growth in domestic economic activities and ever-changing patterns in both supply and demand chains, all of which have led to increased transshipment activities and altered shipping routes. This phenomenon has brought dynamic change to Malaysian container ports, resulting in the establishment of new terminals and adapting emerging technology to enhance the ports' ability to accommodate larger vessels and an increased number of containers. This paper aims to present the development of Malaysian container seaports by addressing changes to acreage size and handling volumes during the last three decades. The results of the analysis suggest that major Malaysian ports are experiencing an exponential growth in container trade with the expansion of port capacity following trade growth and need effective strategies to reduce the operational pressures of Malaysian seaports. The results of this research offer directions for development strategies of seaports by utilising the existing inland freight facilities as an effective strategy for capacity enhancement and develop efficient distribution network to meet future demands.

  19. Cost Consequences of a Port-Related Supply Chain Disruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Shan LOH

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Port functionality is a significant and important aspect of cargo transportation. Previous studies have identified a list of port-related supply chain disruption threats and developed a management model that seeks to address these threats. This paper adds value to these related studies by comparing four consequences of an example of these threats: (1 avoidance of disruption, (2 mitigation of disruption, (3 deviation of transportation plan and (4 delays and deviation of transportation plan. The impact of these consequences is simulated in a case study using data from a chemical manufacturer based in Singapore. This paper quantitatively measures the impact of a port-related threat on supply chains and thus highlights the importance of port-related supply chain disruption management.

  20. Port Risk Assessment Port of Ponce, Guayanilla, Yabucoa, and Las Mareas, Puerto Rico, After Action Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-02-10

    Port Assessment Ponce, Guayanilla, Yabucoa, and Las Mareas Port of Ponce, Guayanilla, Yabucoa, and Las Mareas , Puerto Rico, After Action Report...Introduction. A Port Risk Assessment was conducted for the port of Ponce, Guayanilla, Yabucoa, and Las Mareas , Puerto Rico (South Central...3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2000 to 00-00-2000 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Port Risk Assessment Port of Ponce, Guayanilla, Yabucoa, and Las Mareas

  1. Laser treatment of port-wine stains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brightman LA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Lori A Brightman,1 Roy G Geronemus,1 Kavitha K Reddy2 1Laser and Skin Surgery Center of New York, New York, NY, USA; 2Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: Port-wine stains are a type of capillary malformation affecting 0.3% to 0.5% of the population. Port-wine stains present at birth as pink to erythematous patches on the skin and/or mucosa. Without treatment, the patches typically darken with age and may eventually develop nodular thickening or associated pyogenic granuloma. Laser and light treatments provide improvement through selective destruction of vasculature. A variety of vascular-selective lasers may be employed, with the pulsed dye laser being the most common and well studied. Early treatment produces more optimal results. Advances in imaging and laser treatment technologies demonstrate potential to further improve clinical outcomes. Keywords: laser, port-wine stain, capillary vascular malformation, vascular birthmark, selective photothermolysis, photodynamic therapy, intense pulsed light

  2. The Impact of Metal Age® Training Programme on the Well-Being of Latvian Office Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sprūdža Dagmāra

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many factors that affect the well-being and health of employees and the productivity of organisations. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the Metal Age training programme (MA® on the well-being of office workers, including investigation of work ability, the stress-causing factors and role of leadership. The study was carried out using questions from four international questionnaires about stress, leadership, and work ability. The intervention group had a training course between the surveys using the ME® method. Several employee stress-causing factors were identified: bad relationship with their workmates was mentioned by 94% of workers; competitive and strenuous atmosphere — by more than 80%; psychological violence or bullying at the workplace by more than 80%, and more than 75% of employee’s could not relax after work. Wellness and microclimate in the workplaces were on a relatively high level: the average rating of seven Kiva questions was 7.5. The respondent attitude after ME® did not change significantly. Latvian office workers displayed moderate and good work ability (Work Ability Index, WAI 34.5–38.6. The best work ability was shown in the age group from 20 to 49 (WAI 34.8–39.4; work ability decreased with age. The best correlation was observed between Work Ability Index and “get into situations, that invoke negative feelings” (r = 0.26 and “carrying out ongoing tasks because of other intervening or more urgent matters” (r = −0.24. After ME® the reaction to some stress-causing factors was improved.

  3. Design and integration of lower ports for ITER diagnostic systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casal, Natalia, E-mail: Natalia.casal@iter.org [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon – CS 90 046 – 13067 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Bertalot, Luciano; Cheng, Hao; Drevon, Jean Marc; Duckworth, Philip; Giacomin, Thibaud; Guirao, Julio; Iglesias, Silvia [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon – CS 90 046 – 13067 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Kochergin, Mikhail [IOFFE Institute, Saint Petersburg (Russian Federation); Martin, Alex [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon – CS 90 046 – 13067 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); McCarron, Eddie [Oxford Technologies Ltd., Abingdon (United Kingdom); Mokeev, Alexander [Russian Federation Domestic Agency, Moscow (Russian Federation); Mota, Fernando [CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain); Penot, Christophe; Portales, Mickael [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon – CS 90 046 – 13067 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Kitazawa, Sin-iti [Japanese Domestic Agency, Naka (Japan); Sky, Jack [Oxford Technologies Ltd., Abingdon (United Kingdom); Suarez, Alejandro; Udintsev, Victor; Utin, Yuri [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon – CS 90 046 – 13067 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); and others

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Lower port structures are in its conceptual design phase. • Electromagnetic and seismic loads, will dominate all other mechanical loads. • Design allows diagnostics support, neutron shielding while and signals transmission. • Installation and maintenance operations are fully remote handling compatible. - Abstract: All around the ITER vacuum vessel, forty-four ports will provide access to the vacuum vessel for remote handling operations, diagnostic systems, heating, and vacuum systems: 18 upper ports, 17 equatorial ports, and 9 lower ports. Among the lower ports, three of them will be used for the remote handling installation of the ITER divertor. Once the divertor is in place, these ports will host various diagnostic systems mounted in the so-called diagnostic racks. The diagnostic racks must allow the support and cooling of the diagnostics, extraction of the required diagnostic signals, and providing access and maintainability while minimizing the leakage of radiation toward the back of the port where the humans are allowed to enter. A fully integrated inner rack, carrying the near plasma diagnostic components, will be an stainless steel structure, 4.2 m long, with a maximum weight of 10 t. This structure brings water for cooling and baking at maximum temperature of 240 °C and provides connection with gas, vacuum and electric services. Additional racks (placed away from plasma and not requiring cooling) may be required for the support of some particular diagnostic components. The diagnostics racks and its associated ex vessel structures, which are in its conceptual design phase, are being designed to survive the lifetime of ITER of 20 years. This paper presents the current state of development including interfaces, diagnostic integration, operation and maintenance, shielding requirements, remote handling, loads cases and discussion of the main challenges coming from the severe environment and engineering requirements.

  4. Rehabilitation centers and their role in medical tourism development in latvia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muiznieks A.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The theme of the research is the possible development of rehabilitation centres in medical tourism. The paper analyses the financial situation of rehabilitation centres in Latvia, the correlation with economical situation in Latvia as well as the comparison of services and prices in Latvian and European rehabilitation centres. A visitors’ survey in order to investigate their satisfaction regarding services was conducted in the rehabilitation centre “Jaunkemeri”. The findings of the survey are summarized as guidelines (proposals for the development of Latvian rehabilitation centres in the context of medical tourism. The main research results are as follows: Latvian rehabilitation centres offer a wide variety of services, the prices of the services are competitive with European ones, and the clients are satisfied with the quality of services and believe that the quality corresponds with the price. However, Latvian rehabilitation centres depend on the economical situation of the country and its financial support, there is a lack of unified standards in Latvia, the Soviet infrastructure dominates and the leisure time activities are limited. The aim of the guidelines is to offer a solution of the problem regarding the possibility to develop rehabilitation centres in order to foster the medical tourism and the ways how to do it.

  5. Research on probability distribution of port cargo throughput

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Liang; TAN De-rong

    2008-01-01

    In order to more accurately examine developing trends in gross cargo throughput, we have modeled the probability distribution of cargo throughput. Gross cargo throughput is determined by the time spent by cargo ships in the port and the operating efficiency of handling equipment. Gross cargo throughput is the sum of all compound variables determining each aspect of cargo throughput for every cargo ship arriving at the port. Probability distribution was determined using the Wald equation. The results show that the variability of gross cargo throughput primarily depends on the different times required by different cargo ships arriving at the port. This model overcomes the shortcoming of previous models: inability to accurately determine the probability of a specific value of future gross cargo throughput. Our proposed model of cargo throughput depends on the relationship between time required by a cargo ship arriving at the port and the operational capacity of handling equipment at the port. At the same time, key factors affecting gross cargo throughput are analyzed. In order to test the efficiency of the model, the cargo volume of a port in Shandong Province was used as an example. In the case study the actual results matched our theoretical analysis.

  6. Effectively reducing emissions from ports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fazlagic, Ismir; Martelin, Marcus; Skinner, Ryan

    2010-09-15

    Commercial ships calling at more and more ports worldwide can now turn off their diesel engines and tap into cleaner energy sources provided by electrical connections from shore. The technology to make this possible has been in place for over a decade. With a global technology standard due to be ratified by three technical bodies in 2010, high-voltage shore connections will soon get much more attention. Environmentally-minded ports, governments and shipowners are all tuning in to the benefits of supplying electricity to ships at berth. ABB presents the challenge, the technical solution and the business case for all parties involved.

  7. Sustainability and the Spanish port system. Analysis of the relationship between economic and environmental indicators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laxe, Fernando González; Bermúdez, Federico Martín; Palmero, Federico Martín; Novo-Corti, Isabel

    2016-12-15

    Research into the methodological development of alternative systems of sustainability measures is recent. In understanding sustainable development in a multi-dimensional sense, one of the most significant advances was the construction of Synthetic Indexes, applicable to different spatial spheres or to organisations, businesses, institutions, etc. The Spanish port system of general interest comprises 46 ports integrated in 28 Port Authorities, which in 2014 moved 482,000,000t of goods and more than 28 million passengers. This gives an idea of its importance for the Spanish economy. Using a derivation of the procedure used to calculate the Port Sustainability Synthetic Index, in this research the analysis of the relationship that exists between the findings obtained for the economic and environmental dimensions is used. This enables the existence of links between ports and economic and environmental indicators for a sample of 16 Port Authorities of Spain to be verified. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Port redesign and planned beach renourishment in a high wave energy sandy-muddy coastal environment, Port Gisborne, New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, Terry; Stephens, Scott; Black, Kerry; Gorman, Richard; Cole, Russell; Beamsley, Brett

    2002-11-01

    Redesign of Port Gisborne for the 21st century has encompassed a broad interdisciplinary approach. This procedure has taken into account the operational requirements of the port, effects of dredging and construction upon the benthic fauna, and wave activity within the port confines after the proposed development. Added amenity value of the development to the local community is an important ancillary redesign consideration. Initially, a major research project into the environmental impacts of the developments has been undertaken. The project, which commenced in 1996 and is still continuing, involves an iterative approach integrating the initial design and development options with the operational feasibility, construction constraints, environmental constraints, social acceptability, and economic practicality of the port; all of these require in-depth assessment to obtain the necessary planning and development approvals. This requires close liaison between the professional environmental research scientists, port management, port operation staff (pilots), construction engineers, planners, and the community interest groups. Numerical modelling of the hydrodynamics of Poverty Bay, simulating waves and current effects on the various initial designs options, and calibrated against data from a substantial field program, has been a fundamental tool. It was applied experimentally to determine the best option for the port layout, as well as to assess sedimentation impacts. Modelling results indicated a significant increase in maintenance dredging expected as a result of deepening the navigation approach channel. Because this may have an impact on the nearby sandy beach by inducing erosion, the best option for disposal of the sandy dredged material was determined to be disposal in the surf zone for subtidal beach profile renourishment. Textural analysis of the sediments trapped in the navigation channel demonstrated that they were suitable for this purpose.

  9. The VisPort Project: Visualization of Port Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsioloudis, Petros J.; Watson, Ginger

    2011-01-01

    There is concern about the diminishing availability of skilled personnel that can operate in the wide variety of disciplines associated with port operations. Increasing cargo volume, combined with a shrinking workforce, could potentially create alarming situations in the future, hence the motivation to publicize to current students the breadth and…

  10. The VisPort Project: Visualization of Port Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsioloudis, Petros J.; Watson, Ginger

    2011-01-01

    There is concern about the diminishing availability of skilled personnel that can operate in the wide variety of disciplines associated with port operations. Increasing cargo volume, combined with a shrinking workforce, could potentially create alarming situations in the future, hence the motivation to publicize to current students the breadth and…

  11. SWOT Analysis of the Development Situation of Online Drugstores Based on Mobile Port%基于移动端的网上药店发展现状的SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婷

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for the development of online drugstores in China based on mobile port. METH-ODS:The development of online drugstores in China based on mobile port was analyzed by SWOT(strengths,weaknesses,oppor-tunities,threats)analysis to put forward suggestions. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:Online drugstores based mobile port included vertical management in which pharmaceutical E-commerce manager directly participate,non-vertical management which mainly pro-vide information inquiry and price comparison. It has advantage in breaking through time and space obstacle,optimizing informa-tion display,integrating consumer’s information accurately,improving human efficiency,etc. They are weak in timeliness,busi-ness scope and sale function,the quality of pharmaceutical care,user activity,etc. They have the opportunities as annual increase of mobile E-commerce market scale and huge market development potential;they also face various threats,such as the inconformi-ty between main users of mobile port and main purchasers,consumer low-trust,health-care polity barrier breakthrough failure,the lack of legal regulations for medical and pharmaceutical software,etc. It is suggested that companies operate further accurately and the government speed up the formulation and implementation of laws and regulations.%目的:为我国基于移动端的网上药店的发展提供参考。方法:利用SWOT(优势、劣势、机会、威胁)分析法,对我国基于移动端的网上药店的发展情况进行分析并提出建议。结果与结论:我国基于移动端的网上药店包括由医药电商直接参与运营的垂直经营类,以提供信息为主(查询类)和以比较价格为主(比价类)的非垂直经营类。其具有能够突破时间和空间阻碍、优化信息展示、精确整合消费者信息、提高人效等优势;但也存在获取药品的及时性尚待提高、药品经营范围与销售功能受限、药学服务质量

  12. A Rare Venous Port Complication: Supraventriculer Tachycardia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamer Yoldaş

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Implantable central venous port catheters are widely used in the management of children with cancer undergoing long term chemotherapy. These catheters can manifest a number of complications such as arrhythmia. Central venous port catheter was placed on a ten years old boy for chemotherapy. Before insertion of port catheter his physical examination, laboratory parameters, electrocardiography and echocardiography were normal. The patient felt palpitations shortly after the insertion of the port catheter. At that time the heart rate was 200 beats/minute but immediately normal sinus rhythm was restored. A chest roentgenogram revealed that the distal fragment of the port catheter was inside the right atrium. The port catheter was pulled back somewhat and then tachycardia attacks stopped. To our knowledge there are a few reports of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT in children associated with central venous port catheter. Here we aimed to present a pediatric case with SVT after placement of central venous port catheter and his management.

  13. Offshore Deepwater Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) Ports ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-10

    EPA received three National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit applications for wastewater discharges related to the construction and operation of deepwater LNG ports in state and federal waters of Massachusetts Bay. One was for construction-related discharges associated with the Northeast Gateway LNG deepwater port, one was for operations-related discharges associated with the Northeast Gateway LNG deepwater port, and the other was for both construction-related and operations-related discharges for the Neptune LNG deepwater port.

  14. Systems theory of interconnected port contact systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eberard, D.; Maschke, B.M.; Schaft, A.J. van der

    2005-01-01

    Port-based network modeling of a large class of complex physical systems leads to dynamical systems known as port-Hamiltonian systems. The key ingredient of any port-Hamiltonian system is a power-conserving interconnection structure (mathematically formalized by the geometric notion of a Dirac struc

  15. Port State Jurisdiction: Challenges and Potential

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ryngaert, C.M.J.; Ringbom, H.

    2016-01-01

    Confronted with the failures of flag states to adequately regulate their vessels, and/or to enforce applicable law, port states may assume a subsidiary regulatory and enforcement role. Exercising port state jurisdiction (PSJ) over foreign-flagged vessels, these port states may give effect to general

  16. China's Port Industry:Competitiveness First!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2009-01-01

    @@ Amid the global economic downturn,China's port industry has inevitably been affected.What should the government do to lift China's port industry out of hardship?What lies ahead for China's port industry?Professor Liu Bin,head of the World Economy Research Institute of Dalian Maritime University,took time to share his view with us.

  17. Recent advances in laser therapy for the treatment of port wine stains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanigan, Sean W.

    2004-09-01

    The pulsed dye laser is the preferred laser for treating port wine stains. It is relatively effective with a low incidence of side effects. However, although considerable lightening of a port wine stain is likely to occur with treatment, complete clearance is achieved in the minority. There has been a number of therapeutic advances over the last few years in the laser treatment of port wine stains. These have come from modification of the original pulsed dye laser, use of other lasers and light sources and a greater understanding of laser - port wine interactions. All of these developments will be discussed in this review.

  18. 78 FR 37878 - Deepwater Port License Application: Liberty Natural Gas LLC, Port Ambrose Deepwater Port

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... offshore natural gas deepwater port facility that would be located approximately 17 nautical miles... regasification vessels (LNGRVs), vaporized on site and delivered through the STL Buoys, flexible riser/umbilical... Long Island--New York City Offshore Wind Collaborative wind energy project. This project will...

  19. Settlement Dynamics In The Northern Fringes Of Port Harcourt Metropolis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibama Brown

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Growth in Port Harcourt has been experienced in terms of population and space. However while some settlements in the northern fringes of Port Harcourt metropolis are growing rapidly some are almost stagnant if not shrinking. This work has identified reasons why Port Harcourt is growing towards the north factors for changes in population land-use and infrastructure the magnitude of the changes in population and infrastructure have been identified the role of both the public and private sector in addressing the issue of rapid growth of settlements that are immerging as the bigger settlements in an unplanned and uncontrollable way have been discussed. Questionnaires were administered oral interviews were conducted and personal observations helped in gathering information about the study area. Findings indicates that there is correlation between population and infrastructural development some settlements are densely populated while others are sparsely populated some settlements need facilities that will cause multipliers effect while others need facilities that will serve their basic needs. People are moving to the northern fringes of Port Harcourt metropolis because land is available less expensive and the topography encourages infrastructural development. This work has assessed the dynamics of settlements in the northern fringes of Port Harcourt metropolis by looking at changes in population and infrastructure.

  20. Content of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls in fish from Latvian lakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zacs, D; Bartkevics, V; Viksna, A

    2013-04-01

    Seventeen polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDFs) of the highest priority as well as twelve dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) were analyzed in the muscle tissues of the following freshwater fish species sampled from eleven Latvian freshwater lakes: perch (Perca flavescens), carp (Cyprinus carpio), eel (Anguilla rostrata), bream (Abramis brama), chub (Leuciscus cephalus), pike (Esox lucius), sheatfish (Silurus glanis) and roach (Rutilus). To analyze the selected persistent organic pollutants in fish matrices, an optimization of EPA-1613 and EPA-1668A clean-up procedures was carried out, followed by validation of the analytical procedure according to Commission Regulation (EC) No 1883/2006. The adopted analytical procedure was in compliance with requirements of the more recent Commission Regulation (EU) No 252/2012. Modifications of carbon column chromatography clean-up and separation steps were used for treatment of the fish samples. Other clean-up procedure stages were performed according to the methods EPA-1613 and EPA-1668A and involved gel permeation chromatography (GPC), as well as manual acidic silica and Florisil column chromatography for purification and fractionation of the samples. An isotope dilution method was used for the qualitative and quantitative determination of individual congeners. Analytes of interest were separated and detected using gas chromatography - high resolution mass spectrometry. The concentration of PCDD/PCDFs and dl-PCBs in freshwater fish and eel samples ranged from 0.05 to 8.0 pg WHO(1998)-PCDD/PCDF-PCB-TEQ g(-1) fresh weight. These levels are below the EU maximum permissible limits although calculation of the content of these compounds relative to the weight of fat shows contamination levels similar to those found in Baltic herring and sprats, that are known to be highly contaminated. A difference in congener pattern between the Baltic Sea fish and freshwater fish was detected

  1. A model for an inland port in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. T.K. Toh

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the role of an inland port particular to the outer regions of Melbourne, Australia. In this study, it has been experienced that the broad use of terminology, in the Melbourne context, has been a stumbling block. In its particular context, this has provided the impetus for the development of a model for an inland port that is unambiguous. It is clear from international examples that such a development acts as a significant potential nucleus for regional economic growth, but the lack of a facilitated discussion is an impediment. This model is offered as a facilitator and a useful tool in the construction of a common understanding.

  2. 3D spatial information infrastructure: The case of Port Rotterdam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zlatanova, S.; Beetz, J.

    2012-10-01

    The development and maintenance of the infrastructure, facilities, logistics and other assets of the Port of Rotterdam requires a broad spectrum of heterogeneous information. This information concerns features, which are spatially distributed above ground, underground, in the air and in the water. The data are managed in a variety of data models with varying levels of dimensionality, granularity, accuracy and up-to-dateness. Additionally increasing number of 3D design models is becoming available. This complexity of tasks and diversity of information challenges the Port authority to look for more advanced 3D solutions. This paper presents research in progress related to developing a 3D SII in support of information and process management within the Port of Rotterdam.

  3. Planning for Resilient Settlement in Port Fairy, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuntung Pandangwati, Sri

    2017-07-01

    This paper aims to discuss some strategies to address problems and challenges faced by a community living in Port Fairy, a coastal town located in Southwestern Victoria, Australia. It is about three hours’ drive from Melbourne’s CBD. Like other coastal towns, Port Fairy is also affected by climate change, severe weather events and sea level rise. The impact of these problems can be seen in East Beach, an important tourist destination in Port Fairy. Soil erosion and flood due to severe wind and wave, are main problems in East Beach. This will not only affect the housings, but also the landfill site located in this beach. Therefore, it is challenging to develop solutions to enhance the resilience of this coastal town. This study may inspire Indonesian planners to further develop the resilience of hundreds coastal towns in Indonesia.

  4. Engineering issues on the diagnostic port integration in ITER upper port 18

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pak, Sunil, E-mail: paksunil@nfri.re.kr [National Fusion Research Institute, Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Bertalot, Luciano [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Cheon, Mun Seong [National Fusion Research Institute, Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Giacomin, Thibaud [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Heemskerk, Cock J.M.; Koning, Jarich F. [Heemskerk Innovative Technology, Merelhof 2, 2172 HZ Sassenheim (Netherlands); Lee, Hyeon Gon [National Fusion Research Institute, Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Nemtcev, Grigorii [Institution “PROJECT CENTER ITER”, Akademika Kurchatova sq., Moscow (Russian Federation); Ronden, Dennis M.S. [FOM Institute DIFFER, P.O. Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Seon, Chang Rae [National Fusion Research Institute, Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Udintsev, Victor; Yukhnov, Nikolay [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Zvonkov, Alexander [Institution “PROJECT CENTER ITER”, Akademika Kurchatova sq., Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2016-11-01

    Highlights: • Diagnostic port integration in the upper port 18 of ITER is presented in order to house the three diagnostic systems. • Issue on the neutron shielding in the upper port 18 is addressed and the shut-down dose rate in the interspace is summarized. • The maintenance strategy in the upper port 18 is described. - Abstract: The upper port #18 (UP18) in ITER hosts three diagnostic systems: the neutron activation system, the Vacuum Ultra-Violet spectrometer system, and the vertical neutron camera. These diagnostics are integrated into three infrastructures in the port: the upper port plug, interspace support structure and port cell support structure. The port integration in UP18 is at the preliminary design stage and the current design of the infrastructure as well as the diagnostic integration is described here. The engineering issues related to neutron shielding and maintenance are addressed and the design approach is suggested.

  5. Heterogeneous port traffic of general ships and seaplanes and its simulation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhou, Y.; Weng, J.; Daamen, W.; Hoogendoorn, S.P.; Vellinga, T.

    2014-01-01

    Along with the development of the civil seaplane industry in China and all around the world, the number of seaplane piers in port areas will increase. As a consequence, the port traffic will not only increase, it will also become more heterogeneous, consisting of ships and seaplanes. This paper pres

  6. Science and Technology in the Latvian SSR on its Twentieth Anniversary

    Science.gov (United States)

    1961-10-18

    irasi.tology Uc b•u. chierly concerned with the study of the biology of -,,%Iwit pests and human and animal parasites . The plant pests studied Include saw...Methods for the control of pests of pine planta - tions have been developed by G. Ozol, and are already bein8 used in forest husbandry. In May 1959 an

  7. Using Analogies in Teaching Physics: A Study on Latvian Teachers' Views and Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonane, Lolita

    2015-01-01

    The role of analogies as tools for teaching difficult science concepts has been widely discussed in science education. The application of analogies in the context of sustainable education involves richer potential. The purposeful use of appropriate analogies can facilitate analogical thinking and transfer skills, as well as develop abilities which…

  8. Port health control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horner, J S

    1974-07-13

    Almost 950,000 of the 21 million passengers passing through London (Heathrow) Airport in 1973 were seen by the health control unit, which is run by the London Borough of Hillingdon. The unit provides 24-hour medical cover and its responsibilities include x-ray examination for tuberculosis and screening passengers from smallpox-infected areas. It is suggested that, in view of changing epidemiological patterns throughout the world, there is a need to modify existing procedures rather than to abandon them. The development of a follow-up system for tracing passengers at risk and improvements in presenting information about health risks to intending travellers are advocated. While such proposals might be opposed, they could be practicable.

  9. Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System (PORTS) (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, D.

    2013-12-01

    The 1999 Assessment of U.S. Marine Transportation System report to Congress noted that the greatest safety concern voiced by the maritime community was the availability of timely, accurate, and reliable navigation information, including real time environment data. Real time oceanographic and meteorological data, along with other navigation tools, gives the mariner a good situational understanding of their often challenging operational environment, to make the best safety of life and property decisions. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Physical Oceanographic Real Time System (PORTS) was developed in response to accidents like the Sunshine Skyway Bridge collision in Tampa, FL in 1980, where the lack of accurate, reliable and timely environmental conditions directly contributed to an accident that resulted in a high loss of life and property. Since that time, PORTS has expanded to over 20 locations around the country, and its capabilities have been continually expanded and improved as well. PORTS primary mission is to prevent maritime accidents. Preventing an accident from occurring is the most cost effective approach and the best way to avoid damage to the environment. When accidents do occur, PORTS data is used to improve the effectiveness of response efforts by providing input for trajectory models and real time conditions for response efforts. However, benefits derived from PORTS go well beyond navigation safety. Another large benefit to the local maritime community is potential efficiencies in optimizing use of the existing water column. PORTS provides information that can be used to make economic decisions to add or offload cargo to a vessel and/or to maintain or adjust transit schedules based upon availability of water depth, strength/timing of tidal currents, and other conditions. PORTS data also helps improve and validate local National Weather Service marine weather forecasts. There are many benefits beyond the local maritime

  10. Three-port mode-(de)interleaver in silicon waveguide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiwei; Wang, Pengjun; Yang, Jianyi

    2016-06-01

    We propose a three-port silicon mode-(de)interleaver (TSMIL) using an asymmetric multi-arm Y-junction to flexibly address optical modes and efficiently increase the ports with less cascaded stages in mode-division multiplexing transmission. The design criteria developed for multi-port mode-(de)interleaving is presented. The qualitative functionality of the device is mainly determined by the widths of the arms. The example of a six-mode TSMIL is designed and analyzed in detail. Numerical simulations show that a low excess loss (<1 dB) and a low mode crosstalk (<-17 dB) over a 60 nm wavelength range can be obtained.

  11. Porting the LSST Data Management Pipeline Software to Python 3

    CERN Document Server

    Jenness, Tim

    2016-01-01

    The LSST data management science pipelines software consists of more than 100,000 lines of Python 2 code. LSST operations will begin after support for Python 2 has been dropped by the Python community in 2020, and we must therefore plan to migrate the codebase to Python 3. During the transition period we must also support our community of active Python 2 users and this complicates the porting significantly. We have decided to use the Python future package as the basis for our port to enable support for Python 2 and Python 3 simultaneously, whilst developing with a mindset more suited to Python 3. In this paper we report on the current status of the port and the difficulties that have been encountered.

  12. A Collaboration Service Model for a Global Port Cluster

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith K.T. Toh

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The importance of port clusters to a global city may be viewed from a number of perspectives. The development of port clusters and economies of agglomeration and their contribution to a regional economy is underpinned by information and physical infrastructure that facilitates collaboration between business entities within the cluster. The maturity of technologies providing portals, web and middleware services provides an opportunity to push the boundaries of contemporary service reference models and service catalogues to what the authors propose to be "collaboration services". Servicing port clusters, portal engineers of the future must consider collaboration services to benefit a region. Particularly, service orchestration through a "public user portal" must gain better utilisation of publically owned infrastructure, to share knowledge and collaborate among organisations through information systems.

  13. Sustainable Use Of Macro-Algae For Biogas Production In Latvian Conditions: A Preliminary Study Through An Integrated Mca And Lca Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastare, Laura; Romagnoli, Francesco; Lauka, Dace; Dzene, Ilze; Kuznecova, Tatjana

    2014-12-01

    The study focuses on sustainability evaluation of an algae-based energy system in Latvia with a holistic and integrated approach of multi-criteria analysis combined with life cycle assessment (including a practical side - biogas yield experiments of locally available algae). The study shows potential for sustainable use of algae in Latvian conditions and thus that algal biomass can be utilized for the production of biogas. The most sustainable and feasible scenario of using algae for biogas energy production foresees the collection of algae biomass from natural water bodies. Important beneficial effects through the use of algae are related to avoiding global warming potential (GWP) and eutrophication impacts. Biogas batch experiments carried out with the local macrophyte C.demersum have shown a methane yield of 554 l CH4/kg VS.

  14. Opportunistic Ports and Spaces of Exchange in Late Roman Cyprus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leidwanger, Justin

    2013-12-01

    Ports served not only as interfaces between land and sea, but as central gathering spaces for economic and cultural exchange. Drawing on case studies from the eastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus, this paper situates opportunistic ports lacking built facilities within a broader socioeconomic context of diverse maritime communications, expanding rural settlement, and increased agricultural productivity during late antiquity. Though simple, these sites served as active agents in the development of new maritime networks as well as local markets throughout their hinterlands, adding flexibility and dynamism to the economic ties between city, countryside, and the wider late Roman world.

  15. Port Infrastructure in Colombia: Asymmetries between Buenaventura’s Port and Cartagena’s Port for the Year 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ofelia Castro Castell

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The economic dynamics of the 80s and 90s decade, with what has passed twenty-first century, have set new interests and trade relations, impacting, among other things, maritime trade routes. This research work aims to provide a diagnosis of infrastructural Buenaventura port status compared with the port of Cartagena, performing a thorough search of informative data, statistics, and reports; to define the asymmetries between the two ports. The results indicate a clear lack of state support and disorganization in the internal processes of management of the port of Buenaventura, which, ultimately, does not have sufficient capacity to receive and dispatch goods, which generates an increase in time and in operating costs in export and import processes. Buenaventura port infrastructure is below the level of the port of Cartagena.

  16. Port Infrastructure in Colombia: Asymmetries between Buenaventura’s Port and Cartagena’s Port for the Year 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ofelia Castro Castell

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The economic dynamics of the 80s and 90s decade, with what has passed twenty-first century, have set new interests and trade relations, impacting, among other things, maritime trade routes. This research work aims to provide a diagnosis of infrastructural Buenaventura port status compared with the port of Cartagena, performing a thorough search of informative data, statistics, and reports; to define the asymmetries between the two ports. The results indicate a clear lack of state support and disorganization in the internal processes of management of the port of Buenaventura, which, ultimately, does not have sufficient capacity to receive and dispatch goods, which generates an increase in time and in operating costs in export and import processes. Buenaventura port infrastructure is below the level of the port of Cartagena.

  17. Innovating Talents Mechanisms and Promoting Economic Development:The Report of Investigation on Talents Working of Port Economic Development Zone%创新人才机制促进经济发展——海港开发区人才工作调研报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玉莲

    2013-01-01

    The region's development is inseparable from the support of talent,doing a good job in talent management is critical,this article made brief introduction to talents working of Port Economic Development Zone,and described problems and countermeasures.%地区的发展离不开人才的支持,因此,做好人才管理工作至关重要,本文就简单的介绍了海港开发区的人才工作,并对出现的问题以及对策进行了阐述.

  18. Single port radical prostatectomy: current status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín, Oscar Darío; Azhar, Raed A; Clavijo, Rafael; Gidelman, Camilo; Medina, Luis; Troche, Nelson Ramirez; Brunacci, Leonardo; Sotelo, René

    2016-06-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze the current literature on single port radical prostatectomy (LESS-RP). Single port radical prostatectomy laparoendoscopic (LESS-RP) has established itself as a challenge for urological community, starting with the proposal of different approaches: extraperitoneal, transperitoneal and transvesical, initially described for laparoscopy and then laparoscopy robot-assisted. In order to improve the LESS-RP, new instruments, optical devices, trocars and retraction mechanisms have been developed. Advantages and disadvantages of LESS-RP are controversial, while some claim that it is a non-trustable approach, regarding the low cases number and technical difficulties, others acclaim that despite this facts some advantages have been shown and that previous described difficulties are being overcome, proving this is novel proposal of robotics platform, the Da Vinci SP, integrating the system into "Y". The LESS-RP approach gives us a new horizon and opens the door for rapid standardization of this technique. The few studies and short series available can be result of a low interest in the application of LESS-RP in prostate, probably because of the technical complexity that it requires. The new robotic platform, the da Vinci SP, shows that it is clear that the long awaited evolution of robotic technologies for laparoscopy has begun, and we must not lose this momentum.

  19. Financial evaluation of introduction of the electronic prescription for Latvian individual pharmacies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Namatevs I.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Presently, there is a new paradigm for pharmacy practice defined and a concept of the “seven-star pharmacist”given. The establishment of a new pharmacy system is looking for introduction and development of the electronic prescription. The aim of the study: to provide a sound research for individual pharmacies on the bases of discovering necessary financials for introduction of the electronic prescription. Results of the study: Financial aspects of the research have been evaluated by calculating payback time, ROI, NPV, and IRR. On the bases of financial calculations, the primary investment for initial costs for hardware and software has been estimated. Finally, express evaluation model for possible introduction of the electronic prescription at individual pharmacies without additional investment has been created.

  20. RIVERS AND PORTS IN TRANSPORT HISTORY OF CAMEROON ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dean SPGS NAU

    importance of the ports in the development of the cities and the migration of people into areas ..... India. 595. 436. 3,262. 4,744. 5%. Gold Coast. 39. 106. 104. 110 .1%. Spanish .... “Potokri” ran the monopoly in the film industry with two cinema theaters .... a world where television sets never existed, to possess a radio (was a.

  1. Porting a Java-based Brain Simulation Software to C++

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    A currently available software solution to simulate neural development is Cx3D. However, this software is Java-based, and not ideal for high performance computing. This talk presents our step-by-step porting approach, that uses SWIG as a tool to interface C++ code from Java.

  2. Digital image monitoring to optimise safe port operation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Phelp, D

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a low cost video system ‘Harbour Watch’, which can be used to support safe port operations, especially in developing countries. Preset digital images are geo-referenced and then archived for later analysis to improve...

  3. 3D spatial information infrastructure: The case of Port Rotterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zlatanova, S.; Beetz, J.

    2012-01-01

    The development and maintenance of the infrastructure, facilities, logistics and other assets of the Port of Rotterdam requires a broad spectrum of heterogeneous information. This information concerns features, which are spatially distributed above ground, underground, in the air and in the water. T

  4. ADVERTISING WITH SOCIAL DISCOURSE AS A BRAND POSITIONING TECHNIQUE: REVIEW OF RESEARCH WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE LATVIAN MEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aivars Helde

    2015-09-01

    gender stereotypes we looked at notions about the supposedly traditional behaviors of men and women, and the characteristics and standards of these behaviors, which are grounded in our culture and society. Producers use these ideas to make customers feel they belong in the society, and become psychologically involved, in the story presented by the advertisement. Culture involves human values, actions, patterns, ideas, and material and artificial surroundings that enable interaction among people. The content of culture determines the particular qualities of certain groups of people, which potentially governs their consumer characteristics. This indicates the importance of understanding the way in which culture affects individuals. In today’s information area, the media are the primary means of transmitting and reproducing cultural information. Today’s media shape the image of culture in people’s consciousness.Finally, this study provides an analysis of varying ads, using different means of interpretation. All materials are taken from Latvian media.

  5. The Increase in Container Capacity at Slovenia's Port of Koper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Perkovic

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The ports of the northern Adriatic are ranged in three countries, Koper's being the only one in Slovenia and therefore of distinctive import to the country, which with its limited coastal space has no other options for expanding maritime trade than increasing the capacity of this one extant port. The state of Slovenia is the largest shareholder and the future development of the port depends on decisions made by the Ministry of Infrastructure. The increase in container throughput in the Port of Koper requires a reconstruction and extension of the current container terminal as an absolute priority. Regarding economic sustainability the extension must be in line with the estimated growth of traffic as well as with the exploitation of present and future terminal capacities. The occasional expansion projects must fulfil environmental and safety requirements. For large container vessels (LOA more than 330 m calling at the Port of Koper the safety of the berthing and departure conditions have to be simulated under various metocean conditions. At the same time manoeuvres should not be intrusive – expected propeller wash or bottom wash phenomena must be analysed. When large powerful container vessels are manoeuvring in shallow water bottom wash is expected and because sediments at the port are quite contaminated with mercury some negative environmental influence is expected. The most important expected investment in the container terminal is therefore extending (enlarging and deepening the berth. The paper will present statistics and methods supporting container terminal enlargement and a safety and environmental assessment derived from the use of a ship handling simulator.

  6. US Army Corps of Engineers Ports, Geographic WGS84, BTS (2006) [usace_port_BTS_2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    Louisiana Geographic Information Center — Contains physical information on commercial facilities at the principal U.S. Coastal, Great Lakes and Inland Ports. The data consists of listings of port area's...

  7. An Adaptive Algorithm to Detect Port Scans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单蓉胜; 李小勇; 李建华

    2004-01-01

    Detection of port scan is an important component in a network intrusion detection and prevention system. Traditional statistical methods can be easily evaded by stealthy scans and are prone to DeS attacks. This paper presents a new mechanism termed PSD(port scan detection), which is based on TCP packet anomaly evaluation. By learning the port distribution and flags of TCP packets arriving at the protected hosts, PSD can compute the anomaly score of each packet and effectively detect port scans including slow scans and stealthy scans. Experiments show that PSD has high detection accuracy and low detection latency.

  8. Environmental Factors' Consideration at Industrial Transportation Organization in the «Seaport - Dry port» System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muravev, Dmitri; Rakhmangulov, Aleksandr

    2016-11-01

    Currently, container shipping development is directly associated with an increase of warehouse areas for containers' storage. One of the most successful types of container terminal is an intermodal terminal called a dry port. Main pollution sources during the organization of intermodal transport are considered. A system of dry port parameters, which are recommended for the evaluation of different scenarios for a seaport infrastructure development at the stage of its strategic planning, is proposed in this paper. The authors have developed a method for determining the optimal values of the main dry port parameters by simulation modeling in the programming software Any- Logic. Dependencies thatwere obtained as a result of modeling experiments prove the adequacy of main selected dry port parameters for the effective scenarios' evaluation of throughput and handling capacity at existing seaports at the stage of strategic planning and a rational dry port location, allowed ensuring the improvement of the ecological situation in a port city.

  9. Implication of world coal demand on U. S. port strategic planning. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osleeb, J.P.; Ratick, S.J.; Buckley, P.; Lee, K.; Kuby, M.

    1983-10-01

    The Coal Logistics System (COLS) is developed and used to determine the effects of world coal demands on U.S. ports. The model simultaneously solves for the optimal sources and qualities of coal for export, systemwide least cost routes and modes for transporting coal, and the locations and activity levels of coal transhipments, or other maritime improvements at U.S. ports. Information regarding the necessary investment in coal handling equipment and operating costs at those ports is also provided. A number of scenarios were run with COLS, differing by assumptions made and data used. Some ports were found to have locational advantages with respect to the source of coal vis-a-vis its demand. Scenario results indicate that other ports can participate in the export trade without an appreciable increase in systemwide costs and could be encouraged to do so to increase reliability of U.S. coal supply and foster competition.

  10. Port Competition in the Northern Range from Le Havre to Hamburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Thorez

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The main European ports of the Northern Range facingstrong competition develop various strategies. Rotterdam andLe Havre, fast transit, Antwe1p, logistic activities with storage,Hamburg, hub for central and eastem Europe. These strategieswill be described in the paper.All of them are building new container terminals and usenew tools in technology of communications to increase trafficand to enable shipping lines to achieve their own strategies. Thenew equipments will also b.: analysed.In the last years, the competition is mainly on the links withthe hinterland. Major ports t1y to enlarge their hinterlands bytransshipment, railway con"idors, waterway connections andhighways. The importance of ports and inland intermodalnodes is growing.Nowadays, port competition in the Northern Range is locatednot only in the ports.

  11. Enefit gaining Latvian customers

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    3. märtsil toimunud Riia linnapea Nils Usakovsi ja Enefiti esindajate kohtumisel räägiti firma tariifidest, mida nad võiks munitsipaalettevõtetele ja -organisatsioonidele pakkuda. Latvenergo tõstab hindu 1. aprillil

  12. Latvian Law Briefs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Läti parlament võttis 2. oktoobril vastu ÜRO 1951. a. pagulaste konventsiooni ratifitseerimise seaduse parandused. Läti põhiseaduse parandusettepanekutest. Endise NLi võimudega koostööd teinud Läti kodanike kohta käinud seaduseelnõu tagasilükkamisest

  13. Enefit gaining Latvian customers

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    3. märtsil toimunud Riia linnapea Nils Usakovsi ja Enefiti esindajate kohtumisel räägiti firma tariifidest, mida nad võiks munitsipaalettevõtetele ja -organisatsioonidele pakkuda. Latvenergo tõstab hindu 1. aprillil

  14. Revelation of developing the health quarantine core ability demonstration plot at Yantian LNG port%创建“盐田口岸LNG码头口岸核心能力示范区”的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕志平; 李政良; 周连志; 杨建垒

    2011-01-01

    Objective To summarize the experience and efficiency of developing " Health Quarantine Core Ability Demon-stration Plot of Yantian LNG port" (HQCADP), so as to provide guidance for the implementation of health quarantine core ability in Shenzhen. Methods System review and experience summary would be used to describe the whole picture of the HQCADP development. Results Through the successful development of HQCADP, the Yantian LNG port has widely in-crease the ability in disease control, which may guarantee the trading and sustainable supply of natural gas in Peral River Delta. The significant social benefits and economic effectiveness demonstrated that the development of HQCADP was worth generalizing. Conclusion The establishment of the HQCADP is an scientific way to fulfill the legal responsibility of the health quarantine institution. It is also an inevitable demand to deal with the major trend development in international infec-tious disease control, meanwhile it may benefit sustainable growth of local economic.%目的 总结深圳“盐田口岸LNG码头口岸卫生检疫核心能力示范区”建设经验和成效,指导和完善深圳口岸卫生检疫核心能力建设.方法 对深圳“盐田口岸LNG码头口岸卫生检疫核心能力示范区”建设的背景和取得的成效进行回顾、分析和经验总结.结果 通过示范区的成功创建,大幅提升了LNG码头的传染病防控能力,促进了码头进出口贸易,保障了包括香港在内的珠三角地区天然气供应安全稳定,促进了社会主义和谐社会的长效构建,取得了显著的社会、经济和检验检疫业务效益.结论 创建“盐田口岸LNG码头口岸卫生检疫核心能力示范区”是履行检验检疫法律职责的科学途径,是应对国际传染病防控形势新发展的必然要求,是促进地方经济可持续发展的积极举措.示范区的成功创建经验值得推广.

  15. Research-based resources on PhysPort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayre, Eleanor

    2017-01-01

    PhysPort (http://physport.org) is a website that supports physics faculty in implementing research-based teaching practices in their classrooms. We provide expert recommendations and practical information about teaching methods and assessment. The PhysPort Data Explorer is an intuitive online tool for physics faculty to analyze their assessment data. Faculty upload their students' responses using our secure interface. The Data Explorer matches their pre/post data, scores it, compares it to national data, and graphs it in an interactive and intuitive manner. The Periscope collection on Physport brings together classroom video of students working groups with professional development materials for faculty, pre-service teachers, and learning assistants. To support PhysPort's development efforts, we conduct research on faculty needs around teaching and assessment, secondary analysis of published PER studies, and primary analysis of assessment data. In this talk, I'll introduce some of PhysPort's research-based resources and the research results which support them.

  16. Single-port versus multi-port cholecystectomy for patients with acute cholecystitis:a retrospective comparative analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DietmarJacobandRol; Raakow

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Trans-umbilical single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy for chronic gallbladder disease is becoming increasingly accepted worldwide. But so far, no reports exist about the challenging single-port surgery for acute cholecystitis. The objective of this study was to describe our experience with single-port cholecystectomy in comparison to the conventional laparoscopic technique. METHODS: Between August 2008 and March 2010, 73 patients with symptomatic gallbladder disease and histopathological signs of acute cholecystitis underwent laparoscopic cholecystec-tomy at our institution. Thirty-six patients were operated on with the single-port technique (SP group) and the data were compared with a control group of 37 patients who were treated with the multi-port technique (MP group). RESULTS: The mean age in the SP group was 61.5 (range 21-81) years and in the MP group was 60 (range 21-94) (P=0.712). Gender, ASA status and BMI were not significantly different. The number of white blood cells was different before [SP:9.2 (range 2.8-78.4); MP: 13.2 (range 4.4-28.6); P=0.001] and after the operation [SP: 7.8 (range 3.5-184.8); MP: 11.1 (range 5-20.8); P=0.002]. Mean operating time was 88 (range 34-174) minutes in the SP group vs 94 (range 39-209) minutes in the MP group (P=0.147). Four patients (5%) required conversion to an open procedure (SP: 1; MP: 3; P=0.320). During the follow-up period of 332 (range 29-570) days in the SP group and 428 (range 111-619) days in the MP group (P=0.044), eleven (15%) patients developed postoperative complications (P=0.745) and two patients in the SP group required reoperation (P=0.154). CONCLUSIONS: Trans-umbilical single-port cholecystectomy for beginning acute cholecystitis is feasible and the complication rate is comparable with the standard multi-port operation. In spite of our good results, these operations are difficult to perform and should only be done in high-volume centers for laparoscopic surgery with

  17. Tsunami response system for ports in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, H.-R.; Cho, J.-S.; Cho, Y.-S.

    2015-09-01

    The tsunamis that have occurred in many places around the world over the past decade have taken a heavy toll on human lives and property. The eastern coast of the Korean Peninsula is not safe from tsunamis, particularly the eastern coastal areas, which have long sustained tsunami damage. The eastern coast had been attacked by 1983 and 1993 tsunami events. The aim of this study was to mitigate the casualties and property damage against unexpected tsunami attacks along the eastern coast of the Korean Peninsula by developing a proper tsunami response system for important ports and harbors with high population densities and high concentrations of key national industries. The system is made based on numerical and physical modelings of 3 historical and 11 virtual tsunamis events, field surveys, and extensive interviews with related people.

  18. Les relations ville-port à Rio de Janeiro : entre difficultés et perspectives de développement As relações cidade-porto no Rio de Janeiro: entre dificuldades e perspectivas de desenvolvimento City-port relationships in Rio de Janeiro: development´s problems and prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand Cozic

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La réorganisation productive à l’œuvre depuis le début des années 70 projette chaque fois un peu plus les villes et les ports comme des acteurs majeurs de l’intégration des territoires dans les flux issus de la mondialisation. A Rio de Janeiro, depuis la fin des années 90,  nous observons de nombreuses initiatives de modernisation du système portuaire et de revitalisation des friches portuaires de la ville. Le port est actuellement très dynamique au niveau national dans le domaine des conteneurs, des véhicules (roll-on/roll-off, du pétrole et de ses dérivés (port d’appui logistique de la Petrobras et enfin du tourisme avec le transport de passagers. Cependant, les relations ville-port à Rio de Janeiro sont caractérisées par de sérieuses difficultés. Jusqu’à présent, les autorités portuaires, la ville, les acteurs privés et la société civile n’ont pas réussi à formuler un véritable projet de développement concerté autour de la ville et du port.Les relations ville-port à Rio de Janeiro sont encore très fortement influencées par des pratiques issues de l’ère industrielle du pays, présentant les deux entités comme incompatibles. D’un côté, la ville cherche à revitaliser ses friches portuaires en développant de grands projets urbains à vocation touristique sur le modèle de nombreuses expériences internationales ; de l’autre, le port cherche à développer ses activités pour faire face aux flux croissants issus de la mondialisation. Pourtant, de véritables politiques de développement innovantes sont expérimentées à travers le monde, comme c’est le cas en Europe dans les villes portuaires de la « rangée Nord » (Northern Range ou encore en Espagne, ou nous assistons au développement conjoint des deux dynamiques à travers l’élaboration de stratégies économiques concertées.     A reorganização produtiva em curso desde o inicio da década de 70 projeta cada vez mais as

  19. 鲜红斑痣的光学治疗现状及研究进展%The current situation and development in optical therapy for port-wine stains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉芝; 黄正; 苑凯华

    2015-01-01

    Port-wine stains (PWS), which signiifcantly affect the appearance, is likely to occur in the exposed areas. It brings out tremendous mental stress and psychological problems to the children and their parents. In generally, PWS can not be self-limited and thus a regular treatment commonly required. With the development of laser medical technology, a variety of optical therapies have been developed in the treatment of PWS, which have achieved a certain effect. As novel treatment methods for the PWS, pulsed dye laser therapy and photodynamic therapy became very mature in clinic and they also exhibit good prospects in future. So in the present article, the progress of optical treatment of PWS is reviewed.%鲜红斑痣好发于暴露部位,明显影响外观,给患儿和家长带来很大的精神压力和心理问题。鲜红斑痣不能自行消退,需要治疗。随着激光医学的发展,促进了多种光学疗法在鲜红斑痣的应用,并取得了一定的疗效。脉冲染料激光和光动力疗法作为日趋成熟的新型治疗手段,应用前景较好。现就鲜红斑痣的光学治疗现状和研究进展作一综述。

  20. Development of wireless, chipless neural stimulator by using one-port surface acoustic wave delay line and diode-capacitor interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jisung; Kim, Saehan; Lee, Keekeun

    2017-06-01

    For the first time, a wireless and chipless neuron stimulator was developed by utilizing a surface acoustic wave (SAW) delay line, a diode-capacitor interface, a sharp metal tip, and antennas for the stimulation of neurons in the brain. The SAW delay line supersedes presently existing complex wireless transmission systems composed of a few thousands of transistors, enabling the fabrication of wireless and chipless transceiver systems. The diode-capacitor interface was used to convert AC signals to DC signals and induce stimulus pulses at a sharp metal probe. A 400 MHz RF energy was wirelessly radiated from antennas and then stimulation pulses were observed at a sharp gold probe. A ˜5 m reading distance was obtained using a 1 mW power from a network analyzer. The cycles of electromagnetic (EM) radiation from an antenna were controlled by shielding the antenna with an EM absorber. Stimulation pulses with different amplitudes and durations were successfully observed at the probe. The obtained pulses were ˜0.08 mV in amplitude and 3-10 Hz in frequency. Coupling-of-mode (COM) and SPICE modeling simulations were also used to determine the optimal structural parameters for SAW delay line and the values of passive elements. On the basis of the extracted parameters, the entire system was experimentally implemented and characterized.

  1. Rotterdam as a World Port City

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Menno Huijs; Wouter Jacobs; Isabelle Vries

    2015-01-01

    Most studies and models on the port-city interface focus on the inevitable process in which ports and cities grow apart, both spatially and economically. What is often overlooked is the relationships that remain in the form of maritime business services (finance, insurance, legal). These maritime bu

  2. Port-Hamiltonian systems: an introductory survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaft, van der Arjan; Sanz-Sole, M.; Soria, J.; Varona, J.L.; Verdera, J.

    2006-01-01

    The theory of port-Hamiltonian systems provides a framework for the geometric description of network models of physical systems. It turns out that port-based network models of physical systems immediately lend themselves to a Hamiltonian description. While the usual geometric approach to Hamiltonian

  3. Are we connected? : Ports in Global Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.A. Zuidwijk (Rob)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract Global supply chains are built on organizational, information, and logistics networks. Ports are connected via these networks and also need to connect these networks. Synchromodality is an innovative concept for container transportation, and the port plays an important ro

  4. Agile Port and High Speed Ship Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-31

    Ports" Press-Telegram. November 17, 2006. Weikel, Dan. "Ports Considering Maglev Trains to Cut Smog." Los Angeles Times. Page B2. November 28, 2006...approved Expeditionary Theater Opening (ETO) Joint Doctrine; Organizations; Training ; Materiel; Leadership and Education; Personnel; and Facilities...Alternative Shipboard Powering Systems for Naval and Regulatory Review • The Evaluation and Implementation Plan for Southern California Maglev

  5. Ports of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer shows major ports in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A port is a city, town, or urban area with a harbor where ships load...

  6. 46 CFR 45.137 - Cargo ports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cargo ports. 45.137 Section 45.137 Shipping COAST GUARD....137 Cargo ports. (a) Unless otherwise authorized by the Commandant, the lower edge of any opening for cargo, personnel, machinery access, or similar opening in the side of a ship must be above a line...

  7. Climate variability and Port wine quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouveia, Celia; Liberato, Margarida L. R.; Trigo, Ricardo M.; Dacamara, Carlos

    2010-05-01

    Recent warming trends for Portugal have been found to be steepest in winter and spring and more pronounced for minimum than for maximum values of temperature (Miranda et al, 2002). These trends and associated changes in temperature and precipitation regimes may exert strong influences on agriculture systems. For instance, high values of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index have been shown to significantly reduce precipitation over Iberia and therefore induce low yield wheat crops in Portugal (Gouveia and Trigo, 2006). Port wine is produced from grapes grown in selected areas of the Douro valley, the so-called Região Demarcada do Douro, the first wine-producing region of the world (dating from 1758). A vintage wine is made from grapes that were grown and harvested in a single specified year and is classified as such because of the above average quality, a status that is attributed by Port houses in their best years. The Douro region presents distinctive climatic, topographic and soil characteristics. While the latest factors are fixed in time, the former may considerably change from year to year, exposing the Port wine productions to a large risk associated to interannual and intra-seasonal climatic variations. It is therefore to be expected that high quality wines are generally associated to optimum climatic conditions. In this work we have performed an analysis of the distinct behaviour of several meteorological fields in vintage versus non-vintage years. The relative importance of maximum and minimum temperature, precipitation and frost days is assessed for each individual month of the vegetative cycle and their importance to a high quality wine year is evaluated. Composites of 500 hPa geopotential height and sea level pressure fields over the Euro Atlantic region are also compared for vintage and non-vintage years. Results reveal a strong dependence of vintage production on maximum temperature and precipitation during spring and summer (the growing season

  8. Port viability for choice making among shipping companies in West ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Discriminant analysis was used to ascertain the consistency of the attributes of ports that ... that could influence the port viability and improve import capacity building. ... Keywords: Port viability, shipping companies, trade route, West Africa

  9. ANALISIS SISTEM KEAMANAN JARINGAN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN SWITCH PORT SECURITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oris Krianto Sulaiman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak — Perkembangan teknologi dalam jaringan komputer lambat laun semakin pesat seiring dengan meningkatnya kebutuhan akan akses jaringan yang efisien , stabil dan cepat serta kemanan yang handal. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi kualitas dalam jaringan adalah network security atau keamanan jaringan, banyak teknik yang dapat dilakukan dalam meningkatkan keamanan jaringan, baik dengan membangun sistem firewall, dengan menggunakan layer7 protocol maupun dengan port security, port security memanfaatkan port-port yang ada untuk mengizinkan akses ke jaringan, switch port security merupakan suatu kemampuan perangkat switch untuk mengamankan jaringan LAN (Local Area Network terdapat beberapa jenis switch port security yang digunakan yaitu default/ static port security, port security dynamic learning dan sticky port security, penulis akan melakukan analisis terhadap masing-masing jenis switch port security untuk menentukan kehandalan, kegunaan dan pemanfaatannya dilapangan. Keywords :  network security, port security, switch port security

  10. Colonial Origins of the Port of Buenaventura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alonso Valencia Llano

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the origins of the Port of Buenaventura in the New Kingdom of Granada. It begins with the process of exploration of the coastal territory in order to highlight the different sites in which it was situated, demonstrating that it began as a river port and was later resituated and gradually converted into a maritime port. In addition, this article analyzes the problems it faced, such as the dificulty of communication with the interior of the country, the indigenous resistance that caused the destruction of the town, and inally the necessity of populating the zone with black slaves in order to exploit the mining border. This study also discusses how this port was controlled by the elite of the city of Cali, until the Republican period when it became the sole Colombian port on the Paciic Ocean.

  11. Integrated circuit test-port architecture and method and apparatus of test-port generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teifel, John

    2016-04-12

    A method and apparatus are provided for generating RTL code for a test-port interface of an integrated circuit. In an embodiment, a test-port table is provided as input data. A computer automatically parses the test-port table into data structures and analyzes it to determine input, output, local, and output-enable port names. The computer generates address-detect and test-enable logic constructed from combinational functions. The computer generates one-hot multiplexer logic for at least some of the output ports. The one-hot multiplexer logic for each port is generated so as to enable the port to toggle between data signals and test signals. The computer then completes the generation of the RTL code.

  12. Integrated circuit test-port architecture and method and apparatus of test-port generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teifel, John

    2016-04-12

    A method and apparatus are provided for generating RTL code for a test-port interface of an integrated circuit. In an embodiment, a test-port table is provided as input data. A computer automatically parses the test-port table into data structures and analyzes it to determine input, output, local, and output-enable port names. The computer generates address-detect and test-enable logic constructed from combinational functions. The computer generates one-hot multiplexer logic for at least some of the output ports. The one-hot multiplexer logic for each port is generated so as to enable the port to toggle between data signals and test signals. The computer then completes the generation of the RTL code.

  13. Robust and optimal control a two-port framework approach

    CERN Document Server

    Tsai, Mi-Ching

    2014-01-01

    A Two-port Framework for Robust and Optimal Control introduces an alternative approach to robust and optimal controller synthesis procedures for linear, time-invariant systems, based on the two-port system widespread in electrical engineering. The novel use of the two-port system in this context allows straightforward engineering-oriented solution-finding procedures to be developed, requiring no mathematics beyond linear algebra. A chain-scattering description provides a unified framework for constructing the stabilizing controller set and for synthesizing H2 optimal and H∞ sub-optimal controllers. Simple yet illustrative examples explain each step. A Two-port Framework for Robust and Optimal Control  features: ·         a hands-on, tutorial-style presentation giving the reader the opportunity to repeat the designs presented and easily to modify them for their own programs; ·         an abundance of examples illustrating the most important steps in robust and optimal design; and ·   �...

  14. CAD-Based Shielding Analysis for ITER Port Diagnostics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serikov, Arkady; Fischer, Ulrich; Anthoine, David; Bertalot, Luciano; De Bock, Maartin; O'Connor, Richard; Juarez, Rafael; Krasilnikov, Vitaly

    2017-09-01

    Radiation shielding analysis conducted in support of design development of the contemporary diagnostic systems integrated inside the ITER ports is relied on the use of CAD models. This paper presents the CAD-based MCNP Monte Carlo radiation transport and activation analyses for the Diagnostic Upper and Equatorial Port Plugs (UPP #3 and EPP #8, #17). The creation process of the complicated 3D MCNP models of the diagnostics systems was substantially accelerated by application of the CAD-to-MCNP converter programs MCAM and McCad. High performance computing resources of the Helios supercomputer allowed to speed-up the MCNP parallel transport calculations with the MPI/OpenMP interface. The found shielding solutions could be universal, reducing ports R&D costs. The shield block behind the Tritium and Deposit Monitor (TDM) optical box was added to study its influence on Shut-Down Dose Rate (SDDR) in Port Interspace (PI) of EPP#17. Influence of neutron streaming along the Lost Alpha Monitor (LAM) on the neutron energy spectra calculated in the Tangential Neutron Spectrometer (TNS) of EPP#8. For the UPP#3 with Charge eXchange Recombination Spectroscopy (CXRS-core), an excessive neutron streaming along the CXRS shutter, which should be prevented in further design iteration.

  15. Review of the independent risk assessment of the proposed Cabrillo liquified natural gas deepwater port project.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gritzo, Louis Alan; Hightower, Marion Michael; Covan, John Morgan; Luketa-Hanlin, Anay Josephine

    2006-01-01

    In March 2005, the United States Coast Guard requested that Sandia National Laboratories provide a technical review and evaluation of the appropriateness and completeness of models, assumptions, analyses, and risk management options presented in the Cabrillo Port LNG Deepwater Port Independent Risk Assessment-Revision 1 (Cabrillo Port IRA). The goal of Sandia's technical evaluation of the Cabrillo Port IRA was to assist the Coast Guard in ensuring that the hazards to the public and property from a potential LNG spill during transfer, storage, and regasification operations were appropriately evaluated and estimated. Sandia was asked to review and evaluate the Cabrillo Port IRA results relative to the risk and safety analysis framework developed in the recent Sandia report, ''Guidance on Risk Analysis and Safety Implications of a Large Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Spill over Water''. That report provides a framework for assessing hazards and identifying approaches to minimize the consequences to people and property from an LNG spill over water. This report summarizes the results of the Sandia review of the Cabrillo Port IRA and supporting analyses. Based on our initial review, additional threat and hazard analyses, consequence modeling, and process safety considerations were suggested. The additional analyses recommended were conducted by the Cabrillo Port IRA authors in cooperation with Sandia and a technical review panel composed of representatives from the Coast Guard and the California State Lands Commission. The results from the additional analyses improved the understanding and confidence in the potential hazards and consequences to people and property from the proposed Cabrillo Port LNG Deepwater Port Project. The results of the Sandia review, the additional analyses and evaluations conducted, and the resolutions of suggested changes for inclusion in a final Cabrillo Port IRA are summarized in this report.

  16. Development of an Ultra-rapid, Small Tissue-collecting Device for Endoscopic Surgery--the Lymph Node Carrier: Useful in Protecting the Air-sealing Valves of the Trocar for Endoscopic Surgery and in Preventing Port Site Recurrence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamasaki, Tokihisa; Ohdaira, Takeshi

    2015-11-01

    In laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery for malignant tumors, it is often necessary to recognize intraoperative rapid diagnosis by sampling a small section of tissue that is suspected of the lymphatic or disseminated metastasis of malignant tumor cells, or of the direct invasion. However, sampling of the target tissue has to be carried out without dropping a section into the peritoneal or thoracic cavity and port-site tumor recurrence. We developed a device named the "lymph node carrier (LNC)" that is capable of instantaneously carrying a small piece of tissue out of the body after its insertion into the trocar for conventional laparoscopic surgery. LNC is composed of the following three parts: 1) the carrier container; 2) the external sheath that re-encloses the tissue, which protruded from the container, into the container; and 3) the air-sealing cap. In the in vivo study three sows were used to remove the sigmoid colon and to carry adipose tissue containing the dissected lymph nodes out of the body. Sliding of the external sheath and the LNC container allowed the re-enclosure of adipose tissue protruding from the container. Carriage time of the dissected lymph nodes out of three sows was 37.7±1.5 seconds in mean±SD. LNC was suggested to be a surgical device capable of allowing, in a very efficient manner and a very short period of time, the repeated collection of removed specimens out of the body without damaging the air-sealing valves of the trocar for endoscopic surgery.

  17. On Distributed Concurrent Multi-Port Router Test System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Bo; XU Juan

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a framework of the distributed concurrent multi-port-testing test system (CMPT-TS) for IP routers under development at Sichuan Network Communication Key Laboratory. Having analyzed the actuality of concurrent testing for routers, this paper develops a distributed architecture of CMPT-TS and discusses its functional components in detail. Moreover, a new test definition language, CMPT definition language, is also introduced simply.

  18. Robotic Single-Port Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Is Safe but Faces Technical Challenges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Der Linden, Yoen T K; Brenkman, Hylke J F; van der Horst, Sylvia; van Grevenstein, Wilhelmina M U; Van Hillegersberg, Richard; Ruurda, Jelle P.

    2016-01-01

    Background: For cholecystectomy, multiport laparoscopy is the recommended surgical approach. Single-port laparoscopy (SPL) was introduced to reduce postoperative pain and provide better cosmetic results, but has technical disadvantages. Robotic SPL (RSPL) was developed to overcome these disadvantage

  19. The Copenhagen City and Port Development Corporation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katz, Bruce; Noring, Luise

    Thirty years ago, the city of Copenhagen was experiencing 17.5 percent unemployment, an outmigration of population, the loss of manufacturing, the decline of taxing capacity, and an annual budget deficit of $750 million. Today, the city has been transformed into one of the wealthiest (and happies...

  20. The Sustainability of Mediterranean Port Areas: Environmental Management for Local Regeneration in Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filomena Borriello

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Urban renovation projects, which have led to the conversion of port areas through a new vision of waterfronts as elements of the potential development of the urban system in its entirety, have spread since the early 1950s and now some port cities are able to trigger some mechanisms which, even if they are the result of some processes that have been activated for decades and which are still evolving, are able to amplify and to extend over time their generated positive impacts. These impacts also produce a system of relations in the context of the hinterland, attracted also by policies of economic, social, and cultural development. In the case of the city of Valencia, we have seen, in the last 50 years, a progressive spread of the urbanized area to the coasts, simultaneously with a process of renovation of the port area, which has been populated by important architectures, and which has been equipped by efficient infrastructures and subjected to numerous recovery and restoration operations of its historic buildings. However, the environmental conditions near the port area are not well suited to a good quality of life because ports are pollution producers, sites of urban decay, and of social degradation. A good plan can include some instruments to decrease those negative factors, leading to a close merging between the port area and the city hinterland, and generating new economies. The proposal of this research consists in a method of integrating the port planning with an environmental accounting system.

  1. Historical and Contemporary Aspects of the Market for the Cargo Traffic carried on the Romanian Ports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin-Dan Puşcaciu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available We hereby try to approach some aspects about the port traffic, analyzing this activity from the marketing point of view, on the one side, and looking at the ports as entities which represented real emblems, symbols of economic and social development, cities like Galaţi, Brăila, Tulcea, being zones which were wholly identified with the port activity, on the other side. This analysis is necessary in the context of the favorable geographical placement of Romania, which benefits both of the Danube river road, and also the Black Sea. Despite of all these historical and geographic aspects, and also of some directions of developing the commercial Romanian fleet in the past period, the Danube ports are going on a regress stage. In order to catch the now on quantitative and qualitative changes over which are on this market, we consider necessary an incursion in the inter-war period, basing both on the tradition of these maritime and river ports, and on the assertion of Joseph Schumpeter as per which the economic aspects can be studied by history, theory and statistics. The conclusion of the study points to that the port activities estimated by the tonnage shipped in these sea-Danube ports regressed, and the Romanian fleet is now almost absent, non-existent. We firmly underline the necessity of a national strategy in this field.

  2. Port wine oxidation management: a multiparametric kinetic approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Rui Costa; Monforte, Ana Rita; Silva Ferreira, António

    2013-06-05

    Port wine is a flagship fortified wine of Portugal, which undergoes a particularly long aging period, developing a dynamic sensory profile over time, responsible for several wine categories, which is dependent upon the type of aging (bottle or barrel). Therefore, the quality of the product is dependent upon the chemical mechanisms occurring during the aging process, such as oxidation or Maillard reactions. To attain the desired quality management, it is necessary to understand how technological parameters, such as temperature or oxygen exposure, affect the kinetics of the formation of key odorants, such as sotolon. There is a lack of information about the impact of the storage conditions (oxygen and temperature) on Port wine quality. In this study, the effect of these two parameters were investigated to increase the knowledge database concerning aging management of Port wines. It was found that sotolon formation is highly dependent upon oxygen and temperature. There is however a synergistic effect between these two parameters that could significantly increase the concentration. The kinetic parameters of oxygen, sotolon, and other compounds related to Port aging (cis- and trans-5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1,3-dioxan, 2-furfural, 5-hydroxy-methyl-furfural, and 5-methyl-furfural) are also reported. Kinetic models with Monte Carlo simulations, where the oxygen permeability dispersion and temperature are the parameters under evaluation, were applied. On the basis of the modeling predictions, it would seem that the temperature of a cellar would have a more significant impact on the Port wines stored in containers where the oxygen intake is higher (barrels) when compared to containers with low oxygen permeability (bottles using cork stoppers).

  3. Application of classification rules to Italian ports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marino Lupi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the existing rules commonly used for port traffic comparison are described. These rules provide weighting factors for each freight category in order to make them comparable and exploitable for port ranking. These rules are based on the value added concept related to port activities. Two new rules are proposed. The first is again based on the value added concept. The second rule is based on the assumption that ports not only create labour directly, through activities related to port operations, but they also play the role of “gates” for the existing economic activities of a region or a country, as a consistent quota of the overall international trade takes place by sea. This rule is based on the relationship among the trend of traffic volume of each freight category and the trend of the national GDP. The rules existing in the literature and the proposed new rules have been applied in ranking Italian ports; the results are discussed. The sensitivity of the ranking of Italian ports, to the different weighting rules, has been analysed.

  4. Strangulated small bowel hernia through the port site: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Hyun Lee; Wook Kim

    2008-01-01

    Port site hernia develops through a fascial or peritoneal layer that was inadequate or not repaired. It is a rare complication of laparoscopic surgery which may lead to serious problems. Here, we present a 77-year-old female, diagnosed with a small bowel hernia through a 10-mm port site. We had performed ten cases of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy before this case. The patient complained of left lower abdominal pain with a palpable mass. Abdominal CT showed an incarcerated small bowel hernia and the patient underwent segmental resection of the strangulated small bowel through a minimally extended port site incision.

  5. Single plus one port laparoscopic radical prostatectomy:a report of 8 cases in one center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Yi; XU Dan-feng; LIU Yu-shan; CUI Xin-gang; CHE Jian-ping; YAO Ya-cheng; YIN Lei

    2011-01-01

    Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is considered the first treatment of choice for local prostate cancer due to its minimal invasion advantage. To further achieve the goal of minimal invasion, single port laparoscopic radical prostatectomy has been developed to minimize the complications associated with puncture tracks. The aim of this study was to illustrate the technique for single port laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and evaluate its efficacy and safety. We reported 8 cases of radical prostatectomy with excellent early outcome carried out in Shanghai Changzheng Hospital from June 2009 to August 2009 using a home-made multiple instrument access port and adding an additional small incision at McBumey point.

  6. Towards an Archaeology of Early Islamic Ports on the Western Red Sea Coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breen, Colin

    2013-12-01

    Against a background of developing research on Red Sea ports, a hypothetical model of the morphology of port towns during the early Islamic period is presented here. These places went through constant cycles of change as economic and political frameworks fluctuated. While their physical shape and form was strongly influenced by architectural features of the Islamic world their functionality was more aligned to commercial interaction. These were dynamic spaces where the daily life of their inhabitants was guided by trade, religion, weather and politics. The ports were intrinsically tied to the trade networks that connected Africa with Arabia and the broader Indian Ocean world.

  7. Enabling information sharing in a port

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Peter Bjerg; Hvolby, Hans-Henrik; Dukovska-Popovska, Iskra

    2012-01-01

    Ports are integral parts of many supply chains and are as such a contributing factor to the overall efficiency of the supply chain. Ports are also dynamic entities where things changes continuously. The dynamic nature of ports is also a problem when trying to optimise the utilisation of resources...... and ensure a low lead-time. Information sharing is a very important tool to reduce the effect of dynamism. This paper attempts to explain how information sharing is enabled in such an environment, and which considerations are relevant, both in regards to the information and required technology. The paper...

  8. Structural Analysis of Port Brand Equity Using Structural Equation Modeling1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taehwee Lee

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Port competition, especially in the Northeast Asia (NEA region, can be described as a price war. In this price competition, it is necessary to build up the brand concept to acquire higher market share. This paper aims to provide structural relationships for port brand equity (PBE and explore the PBE stages statistically. The stages are divided into three steps: port service quality as the precedent of PBE, the PBE dimensions (brand awareness [BA] and brand loyalty [BL], and the antecedent of PBE (overall value of brand equity [OVBE]. From a survey conducted with port users in Korea, the empirical results revealed several significant relationship: between tangibles (TA dimension of port service quality and BL, between the empathy (EMP dimension of port service quality and both BA and BL, and between BA and BL and OVBE. From the empirical analysis, this study suggests both managerial and academic contributions for port managers and scholars for further policy development and research in this important area.

  9. Modelling and shielding analysis of the neutral beam injector ports in ITER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereslavtsev, P., E-mail: pavel.pereslavtsev@kit.edu [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Fischer, U. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Loughlin, M. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Lu, Lei [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Polunovskiy, E. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Vielhaber, S. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • The engineering CAD models of the NBI ports were simplified on the CATIA platform. • CAD to MCNP model convesion was done making use of McCAD converting tool. • The new NBI port model was integrated into 80° A-lite ITER torus sector model. • The nuclear responces important for the safety issues were assessed. - Abstract: A new MCNP geometry model of the ITER Neutral Beam Injection (NBI) ports was developed starting from the latest engineering CAD models provided by ITER. The model includes 3 heating (HNBI) ports and one diagnostic port (DNBI), and extends up to the bio-shield. The engineering CAD models were simplified on the CATIA platform according to the neutronic requirements and then converted into MCNP geometry making use of the McCad conversion tool. Finally, the new NBI port model was integrated into an available 80° A-lite ITER torus sector model. The nuclear analysis performed on the basis of this model provides the following nuclear responses: the neutron flux distribution in all NBI ports, the nuclear heating distribution in all NBI ducts; the nuclear heating and radiation loads to the TFC magnets; the radiation damage and gas production in the VV; and the distribution of the shutdown dose rate inside the cryostat.

  10. Tropical Products Out, British Cotton In: Trade in the Dutch Outer Islands Ports, 1846–69

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atsushi Ota

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the trade structure in the Dutch Outer Islands ports, in which the Dutch checked the volume and value of traded items in order to levy customs duty and created trade statistics in the Indonesian Archipelago outside Java and Madura. Although these ports do not include those in independent ports such as those in Aceh and Bali, the statistics contain precious information on the entire imports and exports of each port. Analyzing this set of statistics, this paper argues that the Dutch Outer Islands ports continued to export China-bound (partly Southeast Asia-bound tropical products, such as pepper, forest products, and other kinds of local products, as well as colonial products such as coffee. On the other hand, these ports imported increasing amounts of British cotton goods after the Anglo-Dutch tariff arrangement in the 1840s. In this way the existing China-oriented trade and the new colonial trade, linked to Western capitalism, interacted and combined with each other. This transborder network beyond the Dutch sphere of influence was a source of the strength that the regions around these ports maintained, in the form of a steady development of trade.

  11. From port city to the port as a multifunctional space. The Gran Caribe ports in the 19th century.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Paolo Solano D.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article I study the problem about the port area importance and its impacts on social and cultural arrangement of maritime and river cities. My idea is focused on small areas located in the historic centers that hold port activities and labors that ruled the whole life of these populations. These areas were vital but due to new activities, urban and population growth in the first half of the 20th century, they were taken to the cities’ outskirts and were isolated from other urban areas and activities that had been with for several centuries.The main argument of this paper says that in comparison to Mediterranean cities that were organized around the main square, port cities had duality between the space for important people, civil and ecclesiastical authorities as a residence place, and because of that for social control. The port main square was built from down to up by its somehow multifunctionality. The port importance in urban life was because of the activities diversity it had, as it was a working, cultural exchange, and marketplace place, as well as entertainment and leisure site. This marked the society ports in a unique way as it defined different social, cultural, labor dynamics from Mediterranean cities.

  12. Combination of KIR 2DL2 and HLA-C1 (Asn 80) confers susceptibility to type 1 diabetes in Latvians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shastry, A; Sedimbi, S K; Rajalingam, R; Nikitina-Zake, L; Rumba, I; Wigzell, H; Sanjeevi, C B

    2008-12-01

    Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are known to modulate natural killer (NK) and NK T-cell function by interacting with human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class I ligands on target cells. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of KIR2D genes with their HLA-C ligands in susceptibility to type 1 diabetes. A total of 98 type 1 diabetes patients and 70 healthy subjects from Latvia were typed for KIR genes and HLA-C ligands using polymerase chain reaction-based genotyping. The HLA C1+/C2+ combination was positively, and C1-/C2+ combination was negatively, associated with type 1 diabetes. Stratification analysis of KIR/HLA-C ligand combinations showed 2DL2+/C1+, 2DL3+/C1+, and 2DS2+ /C1+ to be positively, and 2DL2-/C1- and 2DS2-/ C1- to be negatively, associated. The presence of 2DL2-HLA-C1 in the absence of 2DS1, 2DS2 confers maximum susceptibility. Absence of 2DL2 and HLA-C1 along with absence of 2DS1 and 2DS2 confer maximum protection. A hypothetical model of KIR/ligand combinations on immune responses and type 1 diabetes susceptibility is proposed. Our results suggest that a combination KIR2DL2- HLA-C1 plays a critical role in susceptibility or protection in Latvians against type 1 diabetes.

  13. Microsatellite allele 5 of MHC class I chain-related gene a increases the risk for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in latvians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shtauvere-Brameus, A; Ghaderi, M; Rumba, I; Sanjeevi, C B

    2002-04-01

    Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is one of the most common chronic diseases. It is an autoimmune, polygenic disease, associated with several genes on different chromosomes. The most important gene is human leukocyte antigen (HLA), also known as major histocompatibility complex (MHC), which is located on chromosome 6p21.3. HLA-DQ8/DR4 and DQ2/DR3 are positively associated with IDDM and DQ6 is negatively associated with IDDM in most Caucasian populations. The MICA gene is located in the MHC class I region and is expressed by monocytes, keratinocytes, and endothelial cells. Sequence determination of the MICA gene identifies 5 alleles with 4, 5, 6, and 9 repetitions of GCT or 5 repetitions of GCT with 1 additional insertion (GGCT), and the alleles are referred to as A4, A5, A5.1, A6, and A9. Analysis of allele distribution among 93 Latvian IDDM patients and 108 healthy controls showed that allele A5 of MICA is significantly increased in IDDM patients [33/93 (35%)] compared to healthy controls [22/108 (20%)] (OR = 2.15; P = 0.016). In conclusion, we believe that MICA may play an important role in the etiopathogenesis of IDDM.

  14. An Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Approach to Port Selection Decisions – Empirical Evidence from Nigerian Ports

    OpenAIRE

    Chinonye Ugboma; Ogochukwu Ugboma; Innocent C Ogwude

    2006-01-01

    This study presents the findings of a survey to determine the service characteristics that shippers consider important when selecting a port and the way these characteristics are prioritised according to their importance. Seven criteria for the port selection decision and four ports were identified, and the decision problem was structured into a three-level hierarchy using the Analytic Hierarchy Process. The findings suggest that shippers place high emphasis on efficiency, frequency of ship v...

  15. Porting AUTOSAR to a high performance embedded system

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Shuzhou

    2013-01-01

    Automotive embedded systems are going through a major change, both in terms of how they are used and in terms of software and hardware architecture. Much more powerful and rapidly evolvable hardware is expected, paralleled by an accelerating development rate of the control software. To meet these challenges, a software standard, AUTOSAR, is gaining ground in the automotive field. In this work, experiences from porting AUTOSAR to a high performance embedded system, Raspberry Pi, are collected....

  16. A Distributed Model of Four-Port Monolithic Transformer

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Dong Ho; Ko, Sangsoo; Jeon, Sang-Hoon; Park, Jae-Woo; Hong, Songcheol

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with modeling of a monolithic spiral transformer. The transformer is designed and fabricated as a symmetrical octagonal spiral structure using two-metal layer process on GaAs substrate for input balun applications of 2 GHz and 5 GHz push-pull power amplifiers. A distributed model of the transformer is developed to fit in wide frequency range with four ports. The model includes the skin effect which describes increase in series resistance with frequency. Six different se...

  17. Port: arstid kasutavad narkootikume / Marina Lohk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lohk, Marina

    2015-01-01

    Tallinna ülikooli terviseteaduste ja spordi instituudi direktor ja spordibioloog Kristjan Port mainis ETV saates "Vabariigi kodanikud", et töövõime taastamiseks kasutatakse sageli narkootilisi aineid ning seda teevad ka arstid. Kristjan Porti selgitused

  18. Grain operator miffed at port administration

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ventspils Grain Terminal saatis president Vaira Vike-Freibergale ja mitmetele ministritele kirja sõnumiga, et Ventspilsi Vabasadama (Ventspils Free Port) administratsiooni tegevus takistab terminali äritegevust

  19. NMFS Menhaden Biostatistical (Port Samples) Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data set consists of port samples of gulf and Atlantic menhaden from the reduction purse-seine fisheries: data include specimen fork length, weight and age (yrs),...

  20. Port: arstid kasutavad narkootikume / Marina Lohk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lohk, Marina

    2015-01-01

    Tallinna ülikooli terviseteaduste ja spordi instituudi direktor ja spordibioloog Kristjan Port mainis ETV saates "Vabariigi kodanikud", et töövõime taastamiseks kasutatakse sageli narkootilisi aineid ning seda teevad ka arstid. Kristjan Porti selgitused

  1. Grain operator miffed at port administration

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ventspils Grain Terminal saatis president Vaira Vike-Freibergale ja mitmetele ministritele kirja sõnumiga, et Ventspilsi Vabasadama (Ventspils Free Port) administratsiooni tegevus takistab terminali äritegevust

  2. An Analysis of Port Service Quality and Customer Satisfaction: The Case of Korean Container Ports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gi Tae Yeo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ports play a critical role in the economy of many countries and regions. Failure or unreliability of port services can significantly influence port customers—shipping lines and cargo owners—and result in their dissatisfaction. However, what constitutes port service quality (PSQ and its influence on the satisfaction of port customers has not been well investigated in the literature. Therefore, this study investigates the concept of PSQ and its influence on customer satisfaction in the case of Korean container ports. Following a literature review, a conceptual model of PSQ and its influence on customer satisfaction is proposed. The model was validated through a survey of 313 members of the Korean Port Logistics Association (KPLA. Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM was conducted to confirm the PSQ dimensions and to examine their relationship with customer satisfaction using SmartPLS 3.2.1 software. PSQ is found to be a five-factor construct, and its management, and image and social responsibility factors have significant positive effects on customer satisfaction. In addition to its academic contribution, this study also contributes to management practices because port managers can use the PSQ scale to measure their customers’ satisfaction and justify investments in the quality management of port services.

  3. Port security in the Persian Gulf

    OpenAIRE

    Munson, Mark B.

    2008-01-01

    The United States and the international community have implemented numerous measures since 2001 designed to improve the security of maritime commerce. Special attention has been paid to the vulnerability of port facilities to exploitation by terrorists or other illicit actors. While the implementation of enhanced port security measures in Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Iraq may have improved some aspects of maritime security, significant vulnerabilities remain. While strong physical security at ...

  4. Enterprise Considerations for Ports and Protocols

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-21

    9] Official 1935 TCP Adobe Systems Macromedia Flash Real Time Messaging Protocol (RTMP) “plain” protocol1 Official 2195 TCP Apple Push...temporary ports, primarily by clients when communicating with servers. Dynamic/private ports 1 Adobe proprietary, H. Parmar, M. Thornburgh (eds...Adobe’s Real Time Messaging Protocol, Adobe , December 21, 2012. [10] 2 Apple proprietary. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Push_Notification_Service

  5. Tools for an integrated systems approach to sustainable port city planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Morel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Large port cities like Shanghai, Amsterdam and Rio de Janeiro are key cogwheels in international logistics and transport networks but also serve as showcases for the rest of the world; as such, they constitute strategic assets for the host country´s economy and international influence. Historically, a city and its port often developed independently, through sometimes contradictory or even confrontational policies. Today, the growing number of usage disputes over increasingly coveted coastal areas is prompting local managers to incorporate urban and port-related issues in overarching planning programs. In particular, planning of the sea front and the buffer zone between the port and the city must contribute decisively to the deployment of more effective, cleaner transport services for the port city as a whole. In general, one of the key global challenges for planners and decision-makers consists in integrating sustainable development goals (environmental and social components, as well as the stimulation of industrial competitiveness into urban planning. In this context the PHEBUS research group has initiated an international program of research to develop innovative methods and tools that can help territorial stakeholders to design, evaluate, compare and ultimately choose development scenarios for the future of their port cities. The main themes are addressed via a multidisciplinary systems approach on the scale of a coastal urban area with an industrial and port complex. In particular, the themes include sea front planning, the city-port interface, energy optimization (e.g. the introduction and sharing of renewable energies, risk resilience, climate change and multimodal, clean transport.

  6. Port-O-Sim Object Simulation Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanzi, Raymond J.

    2009-01-01

    Port-O-Sim is a software application that supports engineering modeling and simulation of launch-range systems and subsystems, as well as the vehicles that operate on them. It is flexible, distributed, object-oriented, and realtime. A scripting language is used to configure an array of simulation objects and link them together. The script is contained in a text file, but executed and controlled using a graphical user interface. A set of modules is defined, each with input variables, output variables, and settings. These engineering models can be either linked to each other or run as standalone. The settings can be modified during execution. Since 2001, this application has been used for pre-mission failure mode training for many Range Safety Scenarios. It contains range asset link analysis, develops look-angle data, supports sky-screen site selection, drives GPS (Global Positioning System) and IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) simulators, and can support conceptual design efforts for multiple flight programs with its capacity for rapid six-degrees-of-freedom model development. Due to the assembly of various object types into one application, the application is applicable across a wide variety of launch range problem domains.

  7. Evaluating Gismondi's Representation of Portus, the Port of Imperial Rome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graeme P. Earl

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces the Portus Project, an inter-disciplinary collaborative fieldwork project focussed on the ancient port of Rome. It demonstrates the use that is being made of a plaster model of the port produced by Italo Gismondi in 1937, initially as a means for focussing re-evaluations of the various illustrative and other data available relating to the port’s topography, and then as a source for background and comparative digital geometric data within the project’s work to remodel the entire site. The Portus Project employs three-dimensional computer graphics throughout the data gathering, analysis, modelling and representation phases and the paper considers the role that Gismondi’s model is playing in the development and evaluation of such a process.

  8. Structural Analysis of the ITER VV Lower Port Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Yingxiang; WU Songtao; YU Jie

    2007-01-01

    A structural analysis of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)vacuum vessel's lower port region Was presented by means of a finite element analysis method.The purpose is to evaluate the stress and displacement level on this structure under various combinations of five designed loads,including the gravity of the vacuum vessel,seismic loads,electromagnetic loads,and possible pressure loads to ensure structural safety.The cyclic symmetry finite element model of this structure Was developed by using ANSYS code.The results showed that the maximum stress does not exceed the allowable value for any of the load combinations according to ASME code and the nine vacuum vessel(VV)supports have the ability to sustain the entire VV and in vessel-components and withstand load combinations under both normal as well as off-normal operation conditions.Stress mainly concentrates on the connecting region of the VV support and lower port stub extension.

  9. Imaging port wine stains by fiber optical coherence tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Shiyong; Gu, Ying; Xue, Ping; Guo, Jin; Shen, Tingmei; Wang, Tianshi; Huang, Naiyan; Zhang, Li; Qiu, Haixia; Yu, Xin; Wei, Xunbin

    2010-05-01

    We develop a fiber optical coherence tomography (OCT) system in the clinical utility of imaging port wine stains (PWS). We use our OCT system on 41 patients with PWS to document the difference between PWS skin and contralateral normal skin. The system, which operates at 4 frames/s with axial and transverse resolutions of 10 and 9 μm, respectively, in the skin tissue, can clearly distinguish the dilated dermal blood vessels from normal tissue. We present OCT images of patients with PWS and normal human skin. We obtain the structural parameters, including epidermal thickness and diameter and depth of dilated blood vessels. We demonstrate that OCT may be a useful tool for the noninvasive imaging of PWS. It may help determine the photosensitizer dose and laser parameters in photodynamic therapy for treating port wine stains.

  10. Communication Skills Development of Musical Lessons for Children up to Three Years

    OpenAIRE

    Kušnere, Sandija

    2015-01-01

    The paper will be made theoretical and empirical research. The aim of the paper – to explore the musical lessons communication skills development for children up to tree years. The theoretical part of the paper will be based on scientific research in Latvian, Russian and European literature. In theory will be studied music lessons and musical diversity component applications to improve the communication skills of children up to three years. The empirical part will be described in musical acti...

  11. Progress on the ITER TBM port plug design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Byoung-Yoon, E-mail: byoungyoon.kim@iter.org [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Marconi, Matteo [LTCalcoli, Piazza Prinetti 26/B, 23807 Merate (Italy); Neviere, Jean-Christophe [Comex Nucléaire, 13115 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Merola, Mario; Giancarli, Luciano M. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Lucca, Flavio [LTCalcoli, Piazza Prinetti 26/B, 23807 Merate (Italy); Gicquel, Stefan [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • ITER TBM PP design progress with two Dummy TBMs was outlined. • Attachment of Dummy TBMs in TBM Frame was assessed to investigate mechanical and sealing performance. • Implementation of cover plates was described and the preliminary maintenance sequence was developed. • Clearance between TBM Frame and Dummy TBMs were reduced to have better shielding performance. • Cooling layout and castellation design were updated to minimize thermal induced stress. - Abstract: In three of the ITER equatorial ports, tritium breeding blanket concepts will be validated and tested using mock-up breeding blankets called test blanket modules (TBM). In these ports, two TBM-Sets are mechanically attached in a TBM Frame to form a TBM port plug (TBM PP). The ITER Organization is responsible for the design and manufacture of both this TBM Frame and the Dummy TBMs which will fill them. As a part of this development, in 2013, a conceptual design review (CDR) of TBM PP with two dummy TBMs revealed the need for improvement of design performance, interfaces and maintainability. This paper presents the main design improvements after the CDR as well as associated feasibility analysis of the improved design focusing on the attachment. Finally the work plan for the Preliminary Design phase is summarized.

  12. Guiding principles for the improved governance of port and shipping impacts in the Great Barrier Reef.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grech, A; Bos, M; Brodie, J; Coles, R; Dale, A; Gilbert, R; Hamann, M; Marsh, H; Neil, K; Pressey, R L; Rasheed, M A; Sheaves, M; Smith, A

    2013-10-15

    The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) region of Queensland, Australia, encompasses a complex and diverse array of tropical marine ecosystems of global significance. The region is also a World Heritage Area and largely within one of the world's best managed marine protected areas. However, a recent World Heritage Committee report drew attention to serious governance problems associated with the management of ports and shipping. We review the impacts of ports and shipping on biodiversity in the GBR, and propose a series of guiding principles to improve the current governance arrangements. Implementing these principles will increase the capacity of decision makers to minimize the impacts of ports and shipping on biodiversity, and will provide certainty and clarity to port operators and developers. A 'business as usual' approach could lead to the GBR's inclusion on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2014.

  13. A container dispatching system for river ports based on distributed intelligent agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingyuan Zeng

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract With the expansion of business scope of river ports, it demands higher loading and unloading efficiency. Automation, informatization and intelligentization become the only way to development of river ports. This paper establishes an informatization framework for river ports at first. The key process in river port is container dispatching. Therefore, this paper designs a container dispatching system based on business intelligence. It can be divided into four levels, data source layer, data warehouse layer, data service layer and application layer. The main modules are discussed in detail. At last, through performance comparison and analysis before and after the system implementation in Whampoa, the system is proved to have a lot of real benefits.

  14. ECSPECT prospective multicentre registry for single-port laparoscopic colorectal procedures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weiss, Helmut; Zorron, R; Vestweber, K-H

    2017-01-01

    surgery-related conversion and complications. RESULTS: Some 1769 patients were enrolled, 937 with benign and 832 with malignant conditions. Procedures were completed without additional trocars in 1628 patients (92·0 per cent). Conversion to open surgery was required in 75 patients (4·2 per cent......BACKGROUND: The international multicentre registry ECSPECT (European Consensus of Single Port Expertise in Colorectal Treatment) was established to evaluate the general feasibility and safety of single-port colorectal surgery with regard to preoperative risk assessment. METHODS: Consecutive...... patients undergoing single-port colorectal surgery were enrolled from 11 European centres between March 2010 and March 2014. Data were analysed to assess patient-, technique- and procedure-dependent parameters. A validated sex-adjusted risk chart was developed for prediction of single-port colorectal...

  15. JA ES BŪTU SMUKS, ES GRIBĒTU BŪT MEITENE! (‘If I Were Pretty, I Would Like To Be A Girl!’. Debating Transsexualism In The Latvian Parliament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHOJNICKA JOANNA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article investigates a debate on the issues of legal recognition of gender which took place in the Latvian Parliament in 2009 and which is considered a rich source of material for a two-fold analysis. As an example of gendered discourse, it shows the differences between female and male MPs’ ways of tackling this uncomfortable subject. As a discourse about gender, which allows one to study the speakers’ arguments and attitudes, it reveals prejudice, lack of knowledge and conservative thinking. The analysis thus illustrates the language and arguments employed in the public sphere when discussing face-threatening, taboo topics.

  16. Radiation port cutaneous metastases: Reports of two patients whose recurrent visceral cancers presented as skin lesions at the site of previous radiation and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Spencer Hoyt

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Radiation therapy is associated with a variety of complications, including the development of primary skin cancers in the radiated region. However, it is rare for patients with visceral cancers who are treated with radiation therapy to subsequently develop cutaneous metastasis within the radiation port. We describe two patients with internal malignancies who developed cutaneous metastases within their radiation ports following radiotherapy. In addition, we used PubMed to perform an extensive literature review and identify additional reports of cutaneous metastasis within a radiation port. We excluded patients who developed melanoma or primary skin cancers in the radiation port. We also excluded patients with non-solid organ malignancies. Herein, we summarize the characteristics of 23 additional patients who experienced radiation port cutaneous metastases and explore possible mechanisms for the occurrence of radiation port cutaneous metastases.

  17. The Re-Conceptualization of the Port Supply Chain as a Smart Port Service System: The Case of the Port of Salerno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Botti

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a re-conceptualization of the port supply chain as a smart service system, in accordance with the theory of service science. Starting from a short literature review about the port supply chain approach and service science, a new comprehensive framework is provided to better understand seaport dynamics and the creation of competitive port supply chains. The methodology used is the case study approach. The Authors examined the Port of Salerno (Italy and re-conceptualized it as a smart port service system. The originality of the work lies in the application of service science as a lens to re-conceptualize the port supply chain, that allows the implementation of a logistic framework. Both theoretical and practical implications are provided to enrich the literature about port supply chains and to support port operators.

  18. Nuclear analysis of the ITER Cryopump Ports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moro, Fabio, E-mail: fabio.moro@enea.it [ENEA, Fusion Technical Unit, Nuclear Technologies Laboratory, Via Enrico Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati, Rome (Italy); Villari, Rosaria; Flammini, Davide [ENEA, Fusion Technical Unit, Nuclear Technologies Laboratory, Via Enrico Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati, Rome (Italy); Antipenkov, Alexander; Dremel, Matthias; Levesy, Bruno; Loughlin, Michael [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 Saint Paul-lez-Durance (France); Juarez, Rafael; Perez, Lucia [UNED, Energetic Engineering Department, C/Juan del Rosal 12, Madrid (Spain); Petrizzi, Luigino [European Commission, DG Research & Innovation G5, CDMA 00/030, B-1049 Brussels (Belgium)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Evaluation the shielding effectiveness of the TCPHs by means of 3-D neutrons and gamma maps. • Assessment of the nuclear heating induced by neutron and photons on the TCP and TCPHs. • Calculation of the dose rate at 12 days after shutdown in the maintenance area of the Lower Ports with the Advanced D1S method, in order to verify the design target (100 μSv/h). • Potential improvements of the shielding configuration aimed at the reduction of the dose level in the Port Cell have been proposed and discussed. - Abstract: The ITER machine will be equipped with 6 torus Cryopumps (TCP) that are positioned in their housings (TCPH) and integrated into the cryostat walls at B1 level in the port cells. A comprehensive nuclear analysis of the Cryopump Ports #4 and #12 has been carried out by means of the MCNP-5 Monte Carlo code in a full 3-D geometry, providing guidelines for the design of the embedded components. Radiation transport calculations have been performed in order to determine the radiation field inside the Lower Ports, up the Port Cell: 3-D neutrons and gamma maps have been provided in order to evaluate the shielding effectiveness of the TCPHs. Nuclear heating induced by neutron and photons have been estimated on the TCP and TCPH to assess the nuclear loads during plasma operations. The shutdown dose rate in the maintenance area of the Lower Ports has been assessed with the Advanced D1S method to verify the design limits.

  19. University of PortHarcourt Teaching Hospital (U.P.T.H), Port Harcourt

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    College of Health Sciences, University. of Port Harcourt,. ' Port Harcourt, Nigeria. ~ ... chocolate agar, Blood agar, Nutrient agar, MaeConkey agar and. R0bertson's ..... benefit to the patients but also help reduce economic loss due to prolonged ...

  20. Port Operations in a Changing Environment 11th Sister Ports Conference, Shanghai November 10 - 13, 2003

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mr.Donald; Lam

    2004-01-01

    IntroductionPlease allow me to pass on the greetings of our Port Director Admiral Richard Larrabee and to give his sincerest apology for not being able to attend this gathering. He is in the middle of the business planning and budget process for 2004 that will prove to be a very challenging year for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.

  1. Porting and optimizing MAGFLOW on CUDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciro Del Negro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The MAGFLOW lava simulation model is a cellular automaton developed by the Sezione di Catania of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV and it represents the peak of the evolution of cell-based models for lava-flow simulation. The accuracy and adherence to reality achieved by the physics-based cell evolution of MAGFLOW comes at the cost of significant computational times for long-running simulations. The present study describes the efforts and results obtained by porting the original serial code to the parallel computational platforms offered by modern video cards, and in particular to the NVIDIA Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA. A number of optimization strategies that have been used to achieve optimal performance on a graphic processing units (GPU are also discussed. The actual benefits of running on the GPU rather than the central processing unit depends on the extent and duration of the simulated event; for large, long-running simulations, the GPU can be 70-to-80-times faster, while for short-lived eruptions with a small extents the speed improvements obtained are 40-to-50 times.

  2. Shutdown dose rates at ITER equatorial ports considering radiation cross-talk from torus cryopump lower port

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juárez, Rafael, E-mail: rjuarez@ind.uned.es [Departamento de Ingeniería Energética, ETSII-UNED, Calle Juan del Rosal 12, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Pampin, Raul [F4E, Torres Diagonal Litoral B3, Josep Pla 2, Barcelona 08019 (Spain); Levesy, Bruno [ITER Organization, 13115 Route de Vinon sur Verdon, St Paul Lez Durance (France); Moro, Fabio [ENEA, Via Enrico Fermi 45, Frascati, Rome (Italy); Suarez, Alejandro [ITER Organization, 13115 Route de Vinon sur Verdon, St Paul Lez Durance (France); Sanz, Javier [Departamento de Ingeniería Energética, ETSII-UNED, Calle Juan del Rosal 12, Madrid 28040 (Spain)

    2015-11-15

    Shutdown dose rates for planned maintenance purposes is an active research field in ITER. In this work the radiation (neutron and gamma) cross-talk between ports in the most conservative case foreseen in ITER is investigated: the presence of a torus cryopump lower port, mostly empty for pumping efficiency reasons. There will be six of those ports: #4, #6, #10, #12, #16 and #18. The equatorial ports placed above them will receive a significant amount of additional radiation affecting the shutdown dose rates during in situ maintenance activities inside the cryostat, and particularly in the port interspace area. In this study a general situation to all the equatorial ports placed above torus cryopump lower ports is considered: a generic diagnostics equatorial port placed above the torus cryopump lower port (LP#4). In terms of shutdown dose rates at equatorial port interspace after 10{sup 6} s of cooling time, 405 μSv/h has been obtained, of which 160 μSv/h (40%) are exclusively due to radiation cross-talk from a torus cryopump lower port. Equatorial port activation due to only “local neutrons” contributes 166 μSv/h at port interspace, showing that radiation cross-talk from such a lower port is a phenomenon comparable in magnitude to the neutron leakage though the equatorial port plug.

  3. Two-port vs. three-port laparoscopic appendicectomy: A bridge to least invasive surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwin Rammohan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The conventional three-port technique for laparoscopic appendicectomy has proven its worth in the management of appendicular pathologies. From a cosmetic viewpoint, the umbilical and suprapubic port-sites are hidden by natural camouflages, the right Iliac fossa (RIF port is the only visible external sign of surgery. The two-port technique avoids even this marker of abdominal invasion. In this study, we describe the technique of two-port laparoscopic appendicectomy (TPA and compare it with conventional laparoscopic appendicectomy (CLA. Materials and Methods: All patients studied underwent operation for acute appendicitis during a 6-month period. Data were collected prospectively for the TPA and retrospectively for the CLA. The TPA was performed with one 10 mm umbilical working port and one 5 mm suprapubic camera port. A hypodermic needle was introduced in the RIF to retract the appendix. The appendicular artery was controlled with diathermy or ultrasonic shears. The base was ligated with a loop knotted extracorporeally. CLA was performed via the conventional 10 mm umbilical, 5 mm suprapubic and 5 mm RIF ports. The appendicular stump was ligated with an endoloop or an intracorporeal knot. Results: A total of 146 patients underwent surgery over the 6-month period for appendicitis. Out of 62 cases attempted, the TPA was successful in 51 cases, with conversion to the three-port technique in 11. The operative time, complication rates, return to work were comparable between the two groups. Patients who had TPA had a shorter postoperative stay. Conclusion: This is an initial experience with TPA. There is little difference in the operative time, postoperative stay and complications rates between this technique and the conventional three-port one. There is hence little to be lost and a likely benefit to be gained by performing the TPA although a randomised study is necessary.

  4. Evaluation of the Necessity of Port Fixation in Central Venous Port Implantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Su; Kim, Hyung Pil [Inje University Pusan Paik Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Bae, Jae Ik; Won, Je Hwan [Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-06-15

    The technical success and complications were especially focused on and evaluated the need for fixation of a port under fluoroscopic guidance placement of the totally implantable central venous access ports for long term central venous access. Two hundred eighty nine consecutive patients (170 men, 119 women, mean age: 52-year-old) who underwent venous port implantation for the administration of chemotherapy were followed over a 1-month period. The procedures were performed in the angiographic suite by an interventional radiologist and all access was through the right jugular vein, except for the patients who had undergone a right mastectomy. The procedures were performed in the following order: 1) venous puncture, 2) making a pocket, 3) catheter tunneling, 4) port insertion, 5) catheter sizing, and 6) insertion. A port which was connected to the tunneled catheter was inserted into the minimally sized subcutaneous pocket with the aid of a small retractor. A follow-up was performed with medical records and chest radiographs. The follow-up period for evaluating the venous port ranged from 59 to 329 days (mean: 175 days) The procedures performed to gain right jugular vein access were successful without difficulty in all cases. The 18 patients that underwent procedures to gain left jugular vein access encountered some difficulty upon insertion of a catheter into the SVC due to encountering the tortuous left brachiocephalic vein. No complications occurred during and immediately after the procedure. In one case the port chamber rotated within the subcutaneous pocket; however, no catheter migration or malfunction occurred. If port insertion was followed by catheter insertion, the port chamber can be tightly implanted in the minimally sized pocket. This would avoid the need for fixation of the catheter to the port chamber leading into the pocket

  5. Location of an intermediate hub for port activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burciu, Ş.; Ştefănică, C.; Roşca, E.; Dragu, V.; Ruscă, F.

    2015-11-01

    An intermediate hub might increase the accessibility level of ports but also hinterland and so it can be considered more than a facility with a transhipment role. These hubs might lead to the development of other transport services and enhance their role in gathering and covering economic centres within hinterlands and also getting the part of logistic facility for the ports, with effects on port utilization and its connectivity to global economy. A new location for a hub terminal leads to reduced transport distances within hinterland, with decreased transport costs and external effects, so with gains in people's life quality. Because the production and distribution systems are relatively fixed on short and medium term and the location decisions are strategic and on long term, the logistic chains activities location models have to consider the uncertainties regarding the possible future situations. In most models, production costs are considered equal, the location problem reducing itself to a problem that aims to minimize the total transport costs, meaning the transport problem. The main objective of the paper is to locate a hub terminal that links the producers of cereals that are going to be exported by naval transportation with the Romanian fluvial-maritime ports (Galaţi, Brăila). GIS environment can be used to integrate and analyse a great amount of data and has the ability of using functions as location - allocation models necessary both to private and public sector, being able to determine the optimal location for services like factories, warehouses, logistic platforms and other public services.

  6. Port Areas and Approach Channels Sinoimeri by Rivers Sediment Transport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin N. Makarov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available When designing ports, one important task is to predict sinoimeri port areas and approach channels sandy or pebbly silt. On the basis of this forecast are determined by the methods of protection from sinoimeri, as well as the frequency and volume of maintenance dredging works. Out at sea the river flow becomes turbulent inertial jet. Friction on the bottom and the interaction with sea water leads to an overall reduction of jet velocity and its spreading. An important regularity is also spreading muddy river flow on the surface of the denser seawater. This creates conditions for rapid deposition of large fractions of the sediment on the bottom. The bulk of the sediment particles larger than 5 mm is deposited on the surface of the river bar and further transported along the shore wave energy currents. Outside of the bar shall be made only fine-grained material. The particle size of sediment deposited on the bottom outside of the bar decreases sharply with depth. Thus, sinoimeri of harbors and access channels is mainly suspended river sediments. To calculate the distribution of the river flow, in the coastal zone in the presence of long chore currents developed a special method that implements the theory of turbulent planar jet in a drifting thread. The solid portion of the jet flow that enters the waters of the port or channel as a result of increasing depth and, consequently, reduce turbidity settles, causing shoaling waters. The example of calculation of sinoimeri berth 1a in the port of Tuapse by solid flow of Tuapse river.

  7. Avaliação de Sistema de Leitura Portátil (SLP para baixa visão desenvolvido no Brasil Evaluation of System Portable Reading (SPR for low vision developed in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vagner Rogério dos Santos

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: A proposta deste estudo é avaliar a eficácia e eficiência em uma série de casos do protótipo de um equipamento nacional de magnificação para leitura. MÉTODOS: Participaram deste estudo 30 pacientes na faixa etária entre 9 e 80 anos (17 do sexo masculino. Foi desenvolvido um aparelho portátil, patenteado pela UNIFESP (PI#020050145260, com um sistema de captura de imagens acoplado a um monitor de 5,6 polegadas proporcionando um aumento de 15 X. Foram analisadas a eficácia da acuidade visual e a eficiência de leitura após a utilização do protótipo proposto. RESULTADOS: Seis pacientes (20% apresentaram AV 8M, 12 pacientes (40% apresentaram AV 6M, 7 pacientes (23,3% apresentaram 5 M, 5 pacientes (16,7% apresentaram 4M. A média de acuidade visual antes da utilização do SLP medida pela tabela LHNV-1 logMAR foi de 5,75M e após a utilização 100% dos pacientes atingiram a eficácia de AV J1. CONCLUSÃO: O protótipo do SLP mostrou-se um recurso alternativo no processo de inclusão social das pessoas com baixa visão com diferentes níveis de resíduo visual. Também pode proporcionar incentivo psicológico, permitir conforto, mobilidade e independência àqueles que necessitam de uma leitura mais prolongada e maior distância de trabalho.PURPOSE: The proposal of this study is to test and to validate as the effectiveness and efficiency in a series of cases the prototype of a national equipment of magnification to reading. METHODS: A recently developed of equipment of magnification (patent pending Brazilian Institutte of Industrial Property # 020050145260 was tested in a group of 30 patients (age range 9 to 80 years, 17 males. A portable apparatus was developed with a system of capture of images coupled with a 5,6 inch monitor, providing an increase of 15 X. The effectiveness of the visual acuity and the reading efficiency were analyzed after the use of the proposed prototype. RESULTS: Six patients (20% presented AV 8M, 12

  8. Islet autoantibodies in Latvian subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: slow-onset type 1 diabetes or polyendocrine autoimmunity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shtauvere-Brameus, A; Falorni, A; Rumba, I; Sanjeevi, C B

    2002-04-01

    In Latvia diabetes mellitus is diagnosed using the WHO's clinical criteria; assays for the detection of autoantibodies are not available, and hence slowly progressive autoimmune diabetes is likely to be missed. Autoantibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) and protein tyrosine phosphatase (IA-2) among patients with clinically diagnosed NIDDM identify group of patients with slow-onset type 1 diabetes or LADA. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of polyendocrine autoimmunity among clinically diagnosed NIDDM patients from Latvia. One hundred NIDDM patients and 100 healthy controls were tested for GAD65 and IA-2 autoantibodies as well as 21-hydroxylase (21-OH) and tissue transglutaminase (TTG) antibodies by RIA assay. Age at onset was >or= 30 years, and duration of disease less than 5 years. Of 100 patients, 85 were on oral hypoglycemic agents and 15 were on insulin. Body mass index (BMI) under 19 was recorded in 1% (1 of 100 cases), while overweight (BMI > 25.5 in females and 27 in males) was documented in 45% (45 of 100 cases). GAD65 antibodies were found in 30 of 100 (30%) and IA-2 antibodies in 40 of 100 (40%) patients. Either GAD65 or IA-2 antibodies were found in 55 of 100 (55%). None of the patients carried antibodies against 21-OH and only 1 of 100 (1%) carried antibodies against TTG. From the results obtained in our study we conclude that in Latvian adult NIDDM subjects, islet autoantibodies identify groups of slow-onset type 1 diabetes but not polyendocrine autoimmunity.

  9. Laparoscopic Liver Resection Using the Lateral Approach from Intercostal Ports in Segments VI, VII, and VIII.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Yoshihiro; Suzuki, Yusuke; Fujii, Kensuke; Kawaguchi, Nao; Ishii, Masatsugu; Masubuchi, Shinsuke; Yamamoto, Masashi; Hirokawa, Fumitoshi; Hayashi, Michihiro; Uchiyama, Kazuhisa

    2017-07-31

    Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has been developed as a minimally invasive surgery. However, challenges such as difficulty securing visibility and limited control of forceps make it difficult to complete LLR in hepatic segments VI, VII, and VIII. To overcome these challenges, we devised a surgical technique using intercostal ports. We termed this approach the lateral approach. This work describes our experience performing LLR using this approach and discusses the safety and effectiveness of this approach. Between April 2011 and December 2016, data from 91 patients who underwent LLR with or without the intercostal port at a single institution were retrospectively analyzed regarding surgical outcomes, safety, and utility. LLR was performed for 32 patients with the intercostal port and for 59 patients without the intercostal port. The conversion rates to open surgery with and without intercostal ports were 3.1 and 25.4% (P = 0.008). In hepatic segments VII and VIII, the rates of conversion to open surgery were significantly lower for cases involving intercostal ports (6.7 vs. 42.9 and 0 vs. 38.9%; P = 0.035 and 0026, respectively); however, there were no differences in hepatic segment VI (0 vs. 7.4%; P = 0.563). There were no differences in operative time, blood loss volume, surgical margin, curative resection rate, or postoperative complication rate for LLR in all segments (VI, VII, and VIII). No adverse events due to placement of the intercostal port were observed in this set of patients. LLR using the lateral approach and intercostal ports for hepatic segments VII and VIII resulted in a significant decrease in conversion rates to open surgery.

  10. Urban transformation of the former Sušak port in Rijeka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Puž

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The geographical and transport position of Rijeka determined its predominantly maritime orientation and decisivela influenced the entire region’s economy. The development of its port was a consequence of numerous political and economic changes in European space, which were manifested in the position and development possibilities for one of the three most important ports on the North Adriatic transport corridor. Moreover, the town was born, developed and declined just as the port was born, developed or declined. The Rijeka-Sušak basin lies directly before the town core and stretches to Mlaka in the west and Brajdica in the East. The inner part of the Rijeka basin is used for passenger transport. Building of this artificial port basin simultaneously closed the town’s coastal fasade, which is a typical property of other coastal towns. The only spaces where the town has direct access to the sea are the passenger port and Sušak. Owing to administrative divisions the latter town was until recently developing independently; events tied to the port’s development affected it only indirectly. The subject of the diploma thesis, which the article presents in an abridged version, was to join the towns and create a uniform space.

  11. A Competitive Strategic Position Analysis of Major Container Ports in Southeast Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viet Linh Dang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The importance of planning strategies to achieve higher competitiveness has become more apparent in the context of seaports since seaports have been encountering quickly changing and highly competitive business environments. Therefore, the strategic competitive position of seaports needs to be investigated using strategic positioning methods. The purpose of this study was to analyze the competitive positions of the top 20 container ports of five countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN-5 in six years from 2009 to 2014 using dynamic portfolio analysis. This study aims to fill the gap in research on the competitive strategic position and analysis of Southeast Asian container ports in order to allow seaport operators to visualize the position and progress of selected ports as well as to predict the future development possibilities of seaports. The findings revealed effective operations at the following ports that retained their dominant positions during the duration of the study: Port Klang, Tanjung Pelepas (Malaysia, Manila (the Philippines, Laem Chabang (Thailand, and Tan Cang Sai Gon (Vietnam. However, findings revealed a common deterioration at other ports studied.

  12. Stakeholder identification of advanced technology opportunities at international ports of entry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, S.K. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Energy Policy and Planning Dept.; Icerman, L. [Icerman and Associates, Santa Fe, NM (United States)

    1997-01-01

    As part of the Advanced Technologies for International and Intermodal Ports of Entry (ATIPE) Project, a diverse group of stakeholders was engaged to help identify problems experienced at inland international border crossings, particularly those at the US-Mexican border. The fundamental issue at international ports of entry is reducing transit time through the required documentation and inspection processes. Examples of other issues or problems, typically manifested as time delays at border crossings, repeatedly mentioned by stakeholders include: (1) lack of document standardization; (2) failure to standardize inspection processes; (3) inadequate information and communications systems; (4) manual fee and tariff collection; (5) inconsistency of processes and procedures; and (6) suboptimal cooperation among governmental agencies. Most of these issues can be addressed to some extent by the development of advanced technologies with the objective of allowing ports of entry to become more efficient while being more effective. Three categories of technologies were unambiguously of high priority to port of entry stakeholders: (1) automated documentation; (2) systems integration; and (3) vehicle and cargo tracking. Together, these technologies represent many of the technical components necessary for pre-clearance of freight approaching international ports of entry. Integration of vehicle and cargo tracking systems with port of entry information and communications systems, as well as existing industry legacy systems, should further enable border crossings to be accomplished consistently with optimal processing times.

  13. Single-port laparoscopic approach of the left liver: initial experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camps Lasa, Judith; Cugat Andorrà, Esteban; Herrero Fonollosa, Eric; García Domingo, María Isabel; Sánchez Martínez, Raquel; Vargas Pierola, Harold; Rodríguez Campos, Aurora

    2014-11-01

    New technological advances have enabled the development of single-port laparoscopic surgery. This approach began with cholecystectomy and subsequently with other abdominal surgeries. However, few publications on laparoscopic liver surgery have described the use of complete single-port access. We present our initial experience of a single-port laparoscopic hepatectomy. Between May 2012 and December 2013, 5 single-port laparoscopic hepatectomies were performed: one for benign disease and four for colorectal liver metastases. The lesions were approached through a 3-5 cm right supraumbilical incision using a single-port access device. All the lesions were located in hepatic segments II or III. Four left lateral sectorectomies and one left hepatectomy were performed. Median operative time was 135 min. No cases were converted to conventional laparoscopic or open surgery. The oral intake began at 18 h. There were no postoperative complications and no patients required blood transfusion. The median hospital stay was 3 days. The degree of satisfaction was very good in 4 cases and good in one. Patients resumed their normal daily activities at 8 days. Single-port laparoscopic hepatectomy is safe and feasible in selected cases and may reduce surgical aggression and offer better cosmetic results. Comparative studies are needed to determine the real advantages of this approach. Copyright © 2014 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  14. PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT IN OPERATING DRY PORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciortescu Cezar-Gabriel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an approach for recognizing and defining correct and operable performance will be presented with the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of processes in dry ports (inland intermodal hubs. The challenge in evaluating the possible improvements of the underlying processes lies in the special nature and the complex structure of dry ports. It is important to consider that all the processes are highly interconnected and that changes in parameters in one process also have an impact on parameters in other processes. Furthermore, the performance of dry ports, seen as the backbone of the system, has a significant impact on the overall performance of the whole transportation network.

  15. Photodynamic therapy for port wine stains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Junheng

    1998-11-01

    Previous therapies for port wine stains usually cause unacceptable scarring or obtain poor effect. Because port wine is a congenital vasculopathy consisting of an abnormal network of capillaries in the upper dermis with an overlying normal epidermis and the researchers found the tumor blood vessels were occluded accompanying the necrosis of the tumor after PDT. The author and his colleagues started a series of animal and clinical studies since 1991 about photodynamic therapy for port wine stain an they established the method of PDT for PWS. The clinical studies of over 1500 cases proved that PWS can be cured by PDT without scar formation because there is no thermal effect involved. No relapse was found within a maximum follow-up of six years.

  16. INSTITUTIONAL AND MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE OF RUSSIAN ARCTIC SEA PORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. A. Bryzgalov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Institutional and management structure of any sea port is a system of interaction between commercial enterprises engaged in cargo operations in port, a subsidiary of Rosmorport FSUE, Sea Port Authority and a number of services (immigration, customs and sanitary-veterinary. Institutional and management structure of some Russian Arctic sea ports is significantly different from the typical one resulting in management problems for these socially significant objects of the Russian Arctic. A plan is proposed to improve the organizational and administrative structure of these ports based on the use of domestic and international experience in port infrastructure management including effective cooperation between the state and the private business.

  17. DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES OF HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY SPECIALISTS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ACQUISITION OF EDUCATIONAL MODULE “ORGANIZATION OF HOSPITALITY SERVICES”

    OpenAIRE

    Silicka, Inese; Dembovska, Iveta

    2015-01-01

    According to the SWOT analysis on the Latvian Tourism Marketing Strategy 2010-2015 carried out by the Tourism Development Agency in 2010, the lack of skilled labour force in tourism and hospitality industry, as well as the low level of professional qualifications are mentioned as one of the potential threats. The aim of the research is to examine and analyse the development of professional competencies of hospitality industry specialists within the framework of completion of the interactive e...

  18. Container Boom in the Port of Koper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elen Twrdy

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available For the Port of Koper the Central and Eastern European market is very important. The Port of Koper is especially interesting for goods flows relating to the exchange of goods on the East – West route (and vice versa and bound for the EU, in particular to the catchment area of the North Adriatic ports.The year 2009 was a difficult year for business, especially due to the uncertain international economic situation. In the first nine months of 2010, 16% more goods were handled in the Port of Koper than in the same period in 2009. The container transport especially exploded in tons (45% increase as well as in container units (40% increase. Within this period they handled 355,000 TEUs (new record in the container terminal (214,000 TEUs in the same period on the seventh pier in Trieste.The growth of container transport in the Port of Koper as well as the beginning of construction on the new container terminal have made the reconstruction and extension of the current container terminal an absolute priority. The extension is in line with the estimated growth of traffic as well as with the exploitation of present and future terminal capacities.This paper aims to present and analyse: (I supply chains of the flow of containerised goods through the Port of Koper to/from the countries of Central and Eastern Europe; (II the changes which enable this boom, current state and strategies to handle even more containers in the future; (iii market potential, current and future investments in new capacities.

  19. Synthesis of cyclically symmetric five-ports

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldbrandsen, Tom

    1994-01-01

    A class of matched, symmetric five-ports have been synthesized by solving the circular cylindrical wave equation. Among the solutions are chosen those for which the match condition is fulfilled over the broadest bandwidth. Bandwidths up to +/-20% have been found......A class of matched, symmetric five-ports have been synthesized by solving the circular cylindrical wave equation. Among the solutions are chosen those for which the match condition is fulfilled over the broadest bandwidth. Bandwidths up to +/-20% have been found...

  20. World port cities as cosmopolitan risk community

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blok, Anders; Tschötschel, Robin

    2015-01-01

    indication of this cosmopolitan risk community, in terms of the timing, intensity, priorities and modes of government manifested in the climate policy engagements of 16 major world port cities across the regions of Europe and East Asia. The substantial similarities in such policy engagements, we conclude......Extending Ulrich Beck’s theory of world risk society, this article traces the emergence of a cosmopolitan risk community of world port cities in Europe and East Asia, constituted around shared imaginations of the global risks and opportunities of climate change. Such urban risk imaginations......, amount to a new urban–cosmopolitan realism, reshaping urban politics in the face of climate change....

  1. The Port-Industry-City Joint Interaction during Coastal Development in Jiangsu Province:Causes,Problems and Solutions%江苏沿海开发中的港产城联动:动因、问题与路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    战炤磊; 李芸

    2014-01-01

    “港产城联动”是江苏沿海地区是实现跨越发展和快速崛起的有效模式。沿海地区在“港产城联动”方面进行了积极探索,但仍存在诸多突出问题,例如港、产、城子系统实力基础薄弱,存在条块与区域双重分割,要素、体制、机制等面临诸多瓶颈制约等。基于此,探讨了“港产城联动”的推进路径,具体包括联动规划,一体布局,做好联动发展的顶层设计;各自补强,竞合发展,夯实联动发展的三大根基;创新机制,化解冲突,强化联动发展的内在动力;完善支撑,突破瓶颈,保障联动发展的持续提升。%As for Jiangsu coastal areas ,"port-industry-city joint interaction"is the fundamental requirements to implement the scientific concept ,the fundamental path to build a comprehensive w ell-off society successfully ,the effective mode of a-chieving leapfrog development and rapid rise .Jiangsu coastal areas have taken positive exploration about "port-industry-city joint interaction",but there are still many outstanding problems ,such as the strength of port and industry and city is still weak ,longitudinal systems and areas are both divided and many other bottlenecks constraints from factors ,system , mechanism and so on .Therefore ,we must explore the promotion paths of "port-industry-city joint interaction"systemati-cally :joint planning ,integrated layout ,making scientific top-level design ;each reinforcement ,competing and cooperating development ,reinforcing the foundation ;innovating mechanisms ,resolving conflicts ,strengthening intrinsic motivations ;perfecting supports ,breaking through the bottlenecks ,providing protection security .

  2. Deepwater Ports in US waters as of August 2013

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Deepwater Port Licensing Program is the application process designed to promote the construction of LNG and oil deepwater ports. This license system was...

  3. Complications of total implantable access ports and efficacy of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Complications of total implantable access ports and efficacy of ... implantable access ports (TIAPs) are used for long standing venous catheterization. ... Materials and Methods: We evaluated records of the 108 patients implanted with 112 ...

  4. Port wine stain on a child's face (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Port wine stains are always present at birth. In an infant, they are flat, pink, vascular lesions. Common locations ... may be present anywhere on the body. Port wine stains may appear in association with other syndromes.

  5. Laser therapy in plastic surgery: decolorization in port wine stains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peszynski-Drews, Cezary; Wolf, Leszek

    1996-03-01

    For the first time laserotherapy is described as a method of port wine stain decolorization in plastic surgery. The authors present their 20-year experience in the treatment of port wine stains with the argon laser and dye laser.

  6. 港口物流与经济发展的系统动力学模型分析--基于广西北部湾地区的面板数据%System Dynamics Model of Port Logistics and Economic Development:Based on Panel Data of Guangxi Beibuwan Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    隋博文

    2014-01-01

    通过分析港口物流在经济发展中的作用,根据港口物流与经济发展的宏观机制,建立系统动力学模型。运用Vensim PLE软件,利用广西北部湾地区(钦北防)2009-2012年的相关历史数据对模型进行检验,验证该模型的可行性和有效性,为沿海地区港口物流与经济发展协同发展提供参考。%In this paper, through analyzing the role of port logistics in economic development and in accordance with the macroscopic mechanism of the development of the port logistics industry and the economy, we built the relevant system dynamics model, then used the Vensim PLE software to test the model using the relevant historical data of the Guangxi Beibuwan Region (Qin-Bei-Fang region) of the period from 2009 to 2012 and verified the feasibility and effectiveness of the model.

  7. 2010 Port-au-Prince, Haiti Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — According to official estimates, 222,570 people killed, 300,000 injured, 1.3 million displaced, 97,294 houses destroyed and 188,383 damaged in the Port-au-Prince...

  8. Port and EGR Mass Flow Sensors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Elbert

    1998-01-01

    The note documents briefly work done on what is thought to be a new method of measurement of the pulsating flow in the intake port ot and SI engine and in the EGR returen line. The work reviewed has been carried out in close cooperation with Civ. Ing. Michael Føns, Civ. Ing. Christian Jepsen...

  9. Transparency in Port-Hamiltonian-Based Telemanipulation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Secchi, Cristian; Stramigioli, Stefano; Fantuzzi, Cesare

    2008-01-01

    After stability, transparency is the major issue in the design of a telemanipulation system. In this paper, we exploit the behavioral approach in order to provide an index for the evaluation of transparency in port-Hamiltonian-based teleoperators. Furthermore, we provide a transparency analysis of p

  10. Notch filters for port-Hamiltonian systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dirksz, Daniel; Scherpen, Jacquelien M.A.; van der Schaft, Abraham; Steinbuch, M.

    2012-01-01

    Network modeling of lumped-parameter physical systems naturally leads to a geometrically defined class of systems, i.e., port-Hamiltonian (PH) systems [4, 6]. The PH modeling framework describes a large class of (nonlinear) systems including passive mechanical systems, electrical systems, electromec

  11. An integrated mobile system for port security

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cester, D. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, Padova I-35131 (Italy); Fabris, D. [INFN Sezione di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, Padova I-35131 (Italy); Lunardon, M.; Moretto, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, Padova I-35131 (Italy); Nebbia, G. [INFN Sezione di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, Padova I-35131 (Italy); Pesente, S.; Stevanato, L.; Viesti, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, Padova I-35131 (Italy); Neri, F.; Petrucci, S.; Selmi, S.; Tintori, C. [CAEN S.p.A., Via Vetraia 11, I-55049, Viareggio LU (Italy)

    2011-07-01

    An integrated mobile system for port security is presented. The system is designed to perform active investigations, by using the tagged neutron inspection technique, of suspect dangerous materials as well as passive measurements of neutrons and gamma rays to search and identify radioactive and special nuclear materials. (authors)

  12. Scattering for Infinite Dimensional Port Hamiltonian Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Macchelli, Alessandro; Stramigioli, Stefano; Schaft, Arjan van der; Melchiorri, Claudio

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, an introduction to scattering for infinite dimensional systems within the framework of port Hamiltonian system is presented. The classical results on wave propagation can be extended to generic power propagation phenomena, for example to fluid dynamics or flexible structures. The key-

  13. Optimizing yard operations in port container terminals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallehauge, Louise Sibbesen

    2005-01-01

    This paper deals with the problem of positioning containers in a yard block of a port container terminal. The objective of the container positioning problem (CPP) is to minimise the total handling time in the block, i.e. the time required for storage and reshuffling of containers. One...

  14. Photoacoustic imaging of port-wine stains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolkman, Roy G.M.; Mulder, Miranda J.; Glade, Conrad P.; Steenbergen, Wiendelt; Leeuwen, van Ton G.

    2008-01-01

    Background and Objective: To optimize laser therapy of port-wine stains (PWSs), information about the vasculature as well as lesion depth is valuable. In this study we investigated the use of photoacoustic imaging (PAI) to obtain this information. - Study Design/Materials and Methods: PAI uses puls

  15. Port-based modeling of mechatronic systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Breedveld, Peter C.

    2004-01-01

    Many engineering activities, including mechatronic design, require that a multidomain or ‘multi-physics’ system and its control system be designed as an integrated system. This contribution discusses the background and tools for a port-based approach to integrated modeling and simulation of physical

  16. Seismic Design Guidelines For Port Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, H. F.; Bernal, Alberto; Blazquez, Rafael

    -balance approach, in which structures are designed to resist a prescribed level of seismic force specified as a fraction of gravity. These methodologies have contributed to the acceptable seismic performance of port structures, particularly when the earthquake motions are more or less within the prescribed design...

  17. Feasibility of Upper Port Plug tube handling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koning, J.F.; Elzendoorn, B.S.Q.; Ronden, D.M.S.; Klinkhamer, J.F.F.; Biel, W.; Krasikov, Y.; Walker, C.I.

    2011-01-01

    Central, retractable tubes are proposed in several Upper Port Plugs (UPPs) designs for ITER, to enable fast exchange of specific components of diagnostics housed in these UPPs. This paper investigates into possible designs to enable the efficient handling of tubes. The feasibility of tube handling i

  18. Handling Capacity of Dalian Petrochemical Port Surpasses Ten Million Tons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Li

    2007-01-01

    @@ Dalian Petrochemical Port (of Dalian Petrochemical Corporation), CNPC's biggest petrochemical port,owns 15 1-100000 ton-grade berths and has an annual throughput of 18 million tons of crude, oil products,lubrication oil, atoleine, liquefied gas, and etc.. In recent years, the port handles over 10% of the total annual cargo throughput of all major ports in Dalian city and ranks second for its berthing capacity.

  19. Managing Port-Related Supply Chain Disruptions: A Conceptual Paper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Shan Loh

    2014-04-01

    This paper synthesizes the current literature into a management model that seeks to target operational deficiencies at ports. The management model is operationalized in three tiers, from the top management level to the front-line employees, with characteristics from risk management, business continuity management and quality management theories. The proposed model serves as a universal guide in assisting port management in managing port-related disruptions and seeks to reduce the occurrences of port-related supply chain disruption threats.

  20. Le porte-à-porte dans le système ferroviaire

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Fournir un service de transport de voyageurs porte-à-porte est un objectif largement partagé par les opérateurs de transport et par les acteurs institutionnels. Mais il n'y a pas de définition généralement acceptée du porte-à-porte. Il existe cependant une large gamme de services qui y participent. Le point commun à toutes ces solutions est qu'elles permettent aux individus de réaliser un déplacement de A à B en se passant de leur voiture, donc en utilisant une combinaison de différents modes...

  1. The environmental setting between Port Valdez, Alaska, and west coast ports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Report describes seven natural physical systems and three socio-economic systems of the marine transportation route between the Port of Valdez, Alaska, and West...

  2. 19 CFR 151.74 - Retest at port director's request.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Retest at port director's request. 151.74 Section 151.74 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT... Retest at port director's request. If the port director is not satisfied with the results of any...

  3. 33 CFR 334.1230 - Port Orchard; naval restricted area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Port Orchard; naval restricted... ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.1230 Port Orchard; naval restricted area. (a) Port Orchard; naval restricted area—(1) The area. Shoreward of a line beginning at a...

  4. Port Facilities, Port of Green Bay, Published in 2012, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Brown County, WI.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Port Facilities dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2012. It is described as 'Port...

  5. Photodynamic therapy of port wine stain: preliminary clinical studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, J. Stuart

    1993-07-01

    The broad, long term objective of this work is the development of Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) for application in the clinical management of patients with port wine stain (PWS). PDT involves the use of an exogenous drug which is concentrated in a targeted tissue. When irradiated at wavelengths specifically absorbed by the drug, selective destruction of the targeted tissue, without the production of heat, occurs. The results of this preliminary study demonstrate in human PWS patients that a photosensitizer, such as PHOTOFRINR, activated by red light at the appropriate therapeutic wavelength, can cause destruction of subsurface blood vessels in the skin with a high degree of specificity, and further study appears warranted.

  6. 开拓岸电技术引领绿色水运——连云港岸电技术介绍%Developing the Technology of Shore Connection and Leading the Green Water Transportation ~.Introduction of the technology of shore connection at Lianyungang Port

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈钢

    2011-01-01

    In order to save power and reduce exhaustion further and build up green port, Lianyungang Port develops their one technology of shore connection on the basis of absorbing successful technology of shore connection in domestic and abroad. This paper introduces the oringe of Lianyungang Port's technology, its magnificance in the green transportation, technical plan and its advantage. It also looks forward the future of China's leading the technology of shore connection.%为了进一步节能减排,建设绿色港口,连云港在吸取国内外岸电技术成功技术的基础上,开拓了自己的岸电技术。介绍了连云港港岸电技术的由来,其在绿色水运中的意义,技术方案及其优点。阐述了实施该方案需要解决的问题。对中国在岸电方面引领世界的前景进行了展望。

  7. Successes and Challenges Porting Weather and Climate Models to GPUs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govett, M. W.; Middlecoff, J.; Henderson, T. B.; Rosinski, J.; Madden, P.

    2011-12-01

    NOAA ESRL has had significant success parallelizing and running the Non-Hydrostatic Icosahedral Model (NIM) dynamical core on GPUs. A key ingredient in the success was the development of our Fortran-to-CUDA compiler (called F2C-ACC) to convert the model code. Compiler directives, inserted by the user, define regions of code to be run on the GPU, identify where fine-grain parallelism can be exploited, and manage data transfers between CPU and GPU. In 2009, we demonstrated that our compiler, with limited analysis capabilities, was able to produce code that ran the NIM 25x faster on a single GPU than a similar generation CPU. As F2C-ACC matured, fewer hand-translations were required until the GPU parallelization of NIM became fully automatic. The usefulness of F2C-ACC as a language translation tool will diminish as commercial compilers from CAPS, PGI and Cray mature; however, porting codes to GPUs will continue to require significant user involvement due to limited tools to support parallelization. Code inspection and analysis is currently very challenging and requires heavy user involvement to parallelize, debug, and achieve respectable speedup on GPUs. Users must inspect their code to locate fine grain parallelism, determine performance bottlenecks, manage data transfers, identify data dependencies, place inter-GPU communications, and manage a myriad of other issues in porting CPU-based codes to GPU architectures. This talk will describe the F2C-ACC compiler, discuss code porting challenges, and describe further development of the analysis capabilities of F2C-ACC to improve GPU parallelization of Fortran-based, Numerical Weather Prediction codes.

  8. Advanced uncertainty modelling for container port risk analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alyami, Hani; Yang, Zaili; Riahi, Ramin; Bonsall, Stephen; Wang, Jin

    2016-08-13

    Globalization has led to a rapid increase of container movements in seaports. Risks in seaports need to be appropriately addressed to ensure economic wealth, operational efficiency, and personnel safety. As a result, the safety performance of a Container Terminal Operational System (CTOS) plays a growing role in improving the efficiency of international trade. This paper proposes a novel method to facilitate the application of Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) in assessing the safety performance of CTOS. The new approach is developed through incorporating a Fuzzy Rule-Based Bayesian Network (FRBN) with Evidential Reasoning (ER) in a complementary manner. The former provides a realistic and flexible method to describe input failure information for risk estimates of individual hazardous events (HEs) at the bottom level of a risk analysis hierarchy. The latter is used to aggregate HEs safety estimates collectively, allowing dynamic risk-based decision support in CTOS from a systematic perspective. The novel feature of the proposed method, compared to those in traditional port risk analysis lies in a dynamic model capable of dealing with continually changing operational conditions in ports. More importantly, a new sensitivity analysis method is developed and carried out to rank the HEs by taking into account their specific risk estimations (locally) and their Risk Influence (RI) to a port's safety system (globally). Due to its generality, the new approach can be tailored for a wide range of applications in different safety and reliability engineering and management systems, particularly when real time risk ranking is required to measure, predict, and improve the associated system safety performance.

  9. 19 CFR 4.89 - Vessels in foreign trade proceeding via domestic ports and touching at intermediate foreign ports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vessels in foreign trade proceeding via domestic ports and touching at intermediate foreign ports. 4.89 Section 4.89 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND... DOMESTIC TRADES Coastwise Procedure § 4.89 Vessels in foreign trade proceeding via domestic ports...

  10. Heat Transfer Investigation of Intake Port Engine Based on Steady-State and Transient Simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available his research is presents the gas flow heat transfer investigation in the intake port of four stroke direct injection compression ignition engine using GT-Suite software for steady-state and transient simulation. To investigate and simulate the intake port gas flow heat transfer profile of compression ignition engine is using GT-Power engine model were developed in this research. GT-Power is sub-system menu from GT-Suite. The engine model is developed from the real compression ignition engine data and input to software library. In this research, the simulation of engine model is running in variations engine speeds. The simulation output data is collected from the GT-Post results plots and casesRLT in post processing. The simulation results of the intake port engine model are shown the characters in intake port heat transfer profile of engine in variations engine speeds. The detail performance intake port gas flow heat transfer is shown that in 3500 rpm engine speed is the best

  11. Tsunami hazard assessment at Port Alberni, BC, Canada: preliminary model results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grilli, S. T.; Insua, T. L.; Grilli, A. R.; Douglas, K. L.; Shelby, M. R.; Wang, K.; Gao, D.

    2016-12-01

    Located in the heart of Vancouver Island, BC, Port Alberni has a well-known history of tsunamis. Many of the Nuu-Chah-Nulth First Nations share oral stories about a strong fight between a thunderbird and a whale that caused big waves in a winter night, a story that is compatible with the recently recognized great Cascadia tsunami in January, 1700. Port Alberni, with a total population of approximately 20,000 people, lies beside the Somass River, at the very end of Barkley Sound Inlet. The narrow canal connecting this town to the Pacific Ocean runs for more than 64 km ( 40 miles) between steep mountains, providing an ideal setting for the amplification of tsunami waves through funnelling effects. The devastating effects of tsunamis are still fresh in residents' memories from the impact of the 1964 Alaska tsunami that caused serious damage to the city. In June 2016, Emergency Management BC ran a coastal exercise in Port Alberni, simulating the response to an earthquake and a tsunami. During three days, the emergency teams in the City of Port Alberni practiced and learned from the experience. Ocean Networks Canada contributed to this exercise with the development of preliminary simulations of tsunami impact on the city from a buried rupture of the Cascadia Subduction Zone, including the Explorer segment. Wave propagation was simulated with the long-wave model FUNWAVE-TVD. Preliminary results indicate a strong amplification of tsunami waves in the Port Alberni area. The inundation zone in Port Alberni had a footprint similar to that of the 1700 Cascadia and 1964 Alaska tsunamis, inundating the area surrounding the Somass river and preferentially following the Kitsuksis and Roger Creek river margins into the city. Several other tsunami source scenarios, including splay faulting and trench-breaching ruptures are currently being modeled for the city of Port Alberni following a similar approach. These results will be presented at the conference.

  12. Multiple basal cell carcinomas arising in a port-wine stain with a remote history of therapeutic irradiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Byung-Soo; Lee, Jae-Bong; Jang, Ho-Sun; Kwon, Yoo-Wook; Kwon, Kyung-Sool; Oh, Chang-Keun

    2004-10-01

    The coexistence of a basal cell carcinoma and a port-wine stain is a very rare condition that may be associated with previous treatments. We present a case of multiple basal cell carcinomas developing within the boundaries of a port-wine stain, which had been treated with a tholium X and argon laser. Our case suggests that port-wine stains which were previously treated with irradiation or argon laser should be examined carefully and regularly by both physician and patient, because they may hide basal cell carcinomas.

  13. Possibilities of Integration of Ferry Service in the Port of Koper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Jakomin

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available The Municipality authority of Koper and the company Portof Koper Ltd. have agreed that a part of the existing port infrastructurebe returned to the town again. The development planof the town foresees that the old town core be revitalisedthrough the northern bypass road again.The paper presents the possibility of the integration ofKoper in maritime passenger traffic, which represents a newpossibility for the cuffent and future tourist and economic development.The solution proposed enables fast inclusion of theport of Koper port in the ferry service without substantial investmentsin infrastructure.

  14. Efficiency increase of the regional maritime complex management port-terminal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balamaci Dan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Currently in Romania is very acute problem of the creation of the network of terminals in ports and connection points crossroads of transport routes. Organizing the first generation ensured transhipment and storage of cargo terminals, the second generation of expanded possibilities for creating added value in load, additional product development within the port is characteristic of the generation III. Terminals of the third generation are shopping centers and transport services are most effective in conditions of market economy. Such trading terminal, in addition to the work load more productions develop additional charges added value creation.

  15. PC interfacing using Centronics, RS232 and game ports

    CERN Document Server

    An, Pei

    1998-01-01

    The main links with your PC and the outside world are the centronic port, used for connecting the printer, the RS232 port, used for the mouse, and the games port for a joystick. This book explores how these input/output (I/O) ports can be put to use through a range of other interfacing applications. This is especially useful for laptop and palmtop PCs which cannot be fitted with internal I/O cards. A novel approach is taken by this book, combining the hardware through which the ports can be explored, and the software programming needed to carry out a range of experiments.Circuits are p

  16. Design and tritium permeation analysis of China HCCB TBM port cell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiangfeng, S.; Guoqiang, H.; Zhiyong, H.; Chang' an, C.; Deli, L. [China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan (China)

    2015-03-15

    China is planning to develop a helium-cooled ceramic breeder (HCCB) test blanket module (TBM) on ITER to test key blanket technologies. In this paper, the design and tritium permeation analysis of China HCCB TBM port cell are introduced. A theoretical model has been developed to estimate tritium permeation rates and leak rates from the components and pipes which China has scheduled to house in the port cell. It is shown that on normal working conditions, the permeation and leak rate of the systems in the port cell will be no higher than 1.58 Ci/d without the use of tritium permeation barriers, and 0.10 Ci/d with the use of tritium permeation barriers. It also appears that tritium permeation barriers are necessary for high temperature components such as the reduction bed and the heater.

  17. Functional description for the Worldwide Port System (WPS) Regional Integrated Cargo Database (ICDB)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Truett, L.F.; Rollow, J.P.; Shipe, P.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Faby, E.Z.; Fluker, J.; Hancock, W.R.; Grubb, J.W.; Russell, D.L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Ferguson, R.A. [SAIC, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1995-12-15

    This Functional Description for the Worldwide Port System (WPS) Regional Integrated Cargo Database (ICDB) documents the purpose of and requirements for the ICDB in order to ensure a mutual understanding between the development group and the user group of the system. This Functional Description defines ICDB and provides a clear statement of the initial operational capability to be developed.

  18. Ocenka i faktory rosta innovacionnoj konkurentosposobnosti regionov Latvii [The assessment and factors of increase in innovative competitiveness of Latvian regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voronov Viktor

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Latvia’s participation in the process of integration and globalization within the European Uni on creates a need to improve tools of competitiveness and management assessment of the country’s regions. It also requires the development of common approaches to sel ection criteria, competition indicators and assessment tools at the micro-, meso-, and macro-levels. This study identifies the development stage of Latvia’s regions and considers methods as well as experience of evaluation and improvement of the competitiveness of Latvia’s regions. The authors describe priorities and tools for regional innovative development and analyze conditions affecting regional development in the country. This work takes into account the current priority of the European Union — innovation and development of socioeconomic activity aimed at enhancing the competitiveness and attractiveness of European regions. This study sets out to evaluate the competitiveness of Latvia’s regions using a method developed by the European Commission. An expert survey based on the analytic hierarchy process identifies priority areas and instruments for their innovative development.

  19. Port Graham Community Building Biomass Heating Design Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norman, Patrick [Port Graham Village Corporation, Anchorage, AK (United States); Sink, Charles [Chugachmiut, Anchorage, Alaska (United States)

    2015-04-30

    Native Village of Port Graham completed preconstruction activities to prepare for construction and operations of a cord wood biomass heating system to five or more community buildings in Port Graham, Alaska. Project Description Native Village of Port Graham (NVPG) completed preconstruction activities that pave the way towards reduced local energy costs through the construction and operations of a cord wood biomass heating system. NVPG plans include installation of a GARN WHS 3200 Boiler that uses cord wood as fuel source. Implementation of the 700,000 Btu per hour output biomass community building heat utility would heat 5-community buildings in Port Graham, Alaska. Heating system is estimated to displace 85% of the heating fuel oil or 5365 gallons of fuel on an annual basis with an estimated peak output of 600,000 Btu per hour. Estimated savings is $15,112.00 per year. The construction cost estimate made to install the new biomass boiler system is estimated $251,693.47 with an additional Boiler Building expansion cost estimated at $97,828.40. Total installed cost is estimated $349,521.87. The WHS 3200 Boiler would be placed inside a new structure at the old community Water Plant Building site that is controlled by NVPG. Design of the new biomass heat plant and hot water loop system was completed by Richmond Engineering, NVPG contractor for the project. A hot water heat loop system running off the boiler is designed to be placed underground on lands controlled by NVPG and stubbed to feed hot water to existing base board heating system in the following community buildings: 1. Anesia Anahonak Moonin Health and Dental Clinic 2. Native Village of Port Graham offices 3. Port Graham Public Safety Building/Fire Department 4. Port Graham Corporation Office Building which also houses the Port Graham Museum and Head Start Center 5. North Pacific Rim Housing Authority Workshop/Old Fire Hall Existing community buildings fuel oil heating systems are to be retro-fitted to

  20. Detecting and Characterizing Semantic Inconsistencies in Ported Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Baishakhi; Kim, Miryung; Person,Suzette; Rungta, Neha

    2013-01-01

    Adding similar features and bug fixes often requires porting program patches from reference implementations and adapting them to target implementations. Porting errors may result from faulty adaptations or inconsistent updates. This paper investigates (1) the types of porting errors found in practice, and (2) how to detect and characterize potential porting errors. Analyzing version histories, we define five categories of porting errors, including incorrect control- and data-flow, code redundancy, inconsistent identifier renamings, etc. Leveraging this categorization, we design a static control- and data-dependence analysis technique, SPA, to detect and characterize porting inconsistencies. Our evaluation on code from four open-source projects shows that SPA can detect porting inconsistencies with 65% to 73% precision and 90% recall, and identify inconsistency types with 58% to 63% precision and 92% to 100% recall. In a comparison with two existing error detection tools, SPA improves precision by 14 to 17 percentage points.

  1. A three-port direct current converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    The three-port direct current converter comprising: at least one input direct current source; at least one storage battery; a primary side circuit; a secondary side circuit; a first single magnetic component shared by the primary side circuit and the secondary side circuit, wherein the primary side...... circuit comprises a connection between the at least one input direct current source and the at least one storage battery, the primary side circuit configured for operating as a buck converter; a second magnetic component serially coupled to the first single magnetic component, wherein the first and second...... magnetic components are configured to perform a voltage step-up, wherein the secondary side circuit comprises a connection between the at least one storage battery and at least one load, the secondary side configured for operating as a tapped boost converter; wherein the three-port direct current converter...

  2. VHDL IMPLEMENTATION OF TEST ACCESS PORT CONTROLLER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANPREET KAUR

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an implementation of IEEE 1149.7 standard is used for designing Test Access Port (TAP Controller and testing of interconnects is done using boundary scan. By c-JTAG the pin count gets reduced which increases the performance and simplifies the connection between devices. TAP Controller is a synchronous Moore type finite state machine that is changed when the TMS and TCK signals of the test access port gets change. This controls the sequence operation of the circuitry conveyed by JTAG and c-JTAG. JTAGmainly used four pins with TAP and fifth pin is for optional use in Boundary scan. But c-JTAG uses only two pins with TAP. In this approach TDI and TDO gets multiplexed by using class T4 and T5 of c-JTAG. Various instructions are used for testing interconnects using IEEE 1149.7 standard (std.

  3. Guidance on Port Biological Baseline Surveys (PBBS)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Awad, A.; Haag, F.; Anil, A.C.; Abdulla, A.

    habitats in and around the port at different seasons. (Total and Viable bacteria, Pathogens, Phytoplankton (Micro, Nano and Pico), Zooplankton, fouling organisms, Mobile epifauna and Fish, Dinoflagellate cysts, Benthic fauna (Meio and Macro... and experiments (e.g. viability, toxicity, ecosystem manipulations, etc.) (Total and Viable bacteria, Pathogens, Virus, Phytoplankton (Micro, Nano and Pico), Zooplankton, fouling organisms, Mobile epifauna and Fish, Dinoflagellate cysts, Benthic fauna...

  4. Port Security in the Persian Gulf

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    of Iraq in 2003. According to the UN investigation chaired by former Federal Reserve chairman Paul Volcker into corruption under the Oil-for- Food ...138 "Sharjah Ports Achieve ISPS Status." 139 Oil-for- Food was a UN program which allowed Saddam’s Iraq to export oil...discrepancy resulted not from "smuggling but on wastage – "useless materials like water and gas that are contained within crude oil but are not counted as

  5. 3D visualization of port simulation.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horsthemke, W. H.; Macal, C. M.; Nevins, M. R.

    1999-06-14

    Affordable and realistic three dimensional visualization technology can be applied to large scale constructive simulations such as the port simulation model, PORTSIM. These visualization tools enhance the experienced planner's ability to form mental models of how seaport operations will unfold when the simulation model is implemented and executed. They also offer unique opportunities to train new planners not only in the use of the simulation model but on the layout and design of seaports. Simulation visualization capabilities are enhanced by borrowing from work on interface design, camera control, and data presentation. Using selective fidelity, the designers of these visualization systems can reduce their time and efforts by concentrating on those features which yield the most value for their simulation. Offering the user various observational tools allows the freedom to simply watch or engage in the simulation without getting lost. Identifying the underlying infrastructure or cargo items with labels can provide useful information at the risk of some visual clutter. The PortVis visualization expands the PORTSIM user base which can benefit from the results provided by this capability, especially in strategic planning, mission rehearsal, and training. Strategic planners will immediately reap the benefits of seeing the impact of increased throughput visually without keeping track of statistical data. Mission rehearsal and training users will have an effective training tool to supplement their operational training exercises which are limited in number because of their high costs. Having another effective training modality in this visualization system allows more training to take place and more personnel to gain an understanding of seaport operations. This simulation and visualization training can be accomplished at lower cost than would be possible for the operational training exercises alone. The application of PORTSIM and PortVis will lead to more efficient

  6. Three-port operation in three-zone simulated moving bed chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kyung-Min; Song, Ji-Yeon; Lee, Chang-Ha

    2014-05-02

    A new operating method, namely three-port operation in a three-zone simulated moving bed (TT-SMB), was developed to improve the separation performance of simulated moving bed (SMB) chromatography. In the TT-SMB, the switching period consists of two steps; extract outlet port is closed at the first step for raffinate production and raffinate outlet port is closed at the second step for extract production. As a result, three ports were used in each step of the three-zone SMB operation. The separation performance of TT-SMB was compared with conventional three- and four-zone SMBs in terms of purity, recovery, productivity, and eluent consumption. A conventional three-zone SMB operation usually produced the contaminated portion at the product outlet node during the switching period. However, such phenomenon could be prevented by using the TT-SMB operation because one product outlet port was closed at each step. Compared to the conventional three-zone SMB, all performance parameters improved with the use of TT-SMB, and the improvement in purity and recovery was significant (up to 7%). Adjusting the step ratio played a key role in the trade-off between the performance parameters. The purity, recovery, and productivity of TT-SMB at well-designed step ratio conditions are up to 3% higher than those of the conventional four-zone methods (1-1-1-1 configuration). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Single-port laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Anthony Y; Selzer, Don J

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery performed through a single-incision is gaining popularity. The demand from the public for even less invasive procedures will motivate surgeons, industry, and academic centers to explore the possibilities and refine the technology. Although the idea seems quite attractive, there are several technological obstacles that are yet to be conquered by improved technology or additional training. The question of safety has yet to be answered and will require well-designed randomized control trials. Opponents to the approach argue that the size of the single incision (see Table 1) is frequently larger than all the standard laparoscopy incisions combined. On the other hand, proponents remember a similar argument from traditional open surgeons during the initial development of laparoscopy. That argument was quickly discredited when the immediate benefits oflaparoscopy were compared with patients undergoing surgery with small laparotomy incisions. During the development of a new technique, the learning curve exposes patients to risk and society to expense. LESS pioneers appear to have reached a level of comfort with technology and techniques that paves the way for scientific scrutiny. Perhaps, the surgical community will capitalize on this situation with randomized, controlled studies and sound evidence to support or refute the benefits of LESS. If we do not seize this opportunity, patient demand and industry's dual edge message of financial success versus fear of losing referrals will lead to a scenario similar to the development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the 1990s. Regardless of its future, the surgical community will still benefit from a renewed excitement as surgeons aim to continually reduce the amount of pain and trauma our patients must endure. In addition, technological advances on instrumentation will benefit the field of laparoscopy and improve patient care.

  8. Analysis of Recent Manifests for Goods Imported through US Ports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Descalle, M; Manatt, D; Slaughter, D

    2006-09-27

    Several active interrogation techniques are being developed to detect shielded special nuclear materials (SNM) hidden in cargo containers loaded on container ships arriving at US ports. It raises the questions of the types of cargos in which SNM could be hidden, and their impact on detected signatures. Since the definition of a set of ''typical'' or standard cargos has proven to be difficult, we analyzed shipping manifests for US imports shipped through North American ports collected on 14 days distributed over 12 months. From these data, we generated several distribution functions such as commodity categories, average densities, and packaging types that could be of interest to the cargo scanning community. One of the cargo scanning techniques currently under development at LLNL is based on neutron active interrogation, and relies on the unique signature of beta-delayed gammas emitted by fission products in the 3 to 7 MeV energy range. {sup 19}F(n,a){sup 16}N, has been identified as the main potential interference for 7 and 9 MeV neutron beams. Estimates of cargo compositions based on manifests identified as containing fluorine are presented.

  9. Managing Temporal Knowledge in Port Management Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Gudelj

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Large ports need to deal with a number of disparate activities:the movement of ships, containers and other cargo, theloading and unloading of ships and containers, customs activities.As well as human resources, anchorages, channels, lighters,tugs, berths, warehouse and other storage spaces have to beallocated and released. The efficient management of a port involvesmanaging these activities and resources, managing theflows of money involved between the agents providing and usingthese resources, and providing management information.Many information systems will be involved.Many applications have to deal with a large amount of datawhich not only represent the perceived state of the real world atpresent, but also past and/or future states. These applicationsare not served adequately by today's computer managementand database systems. In particular, deletions and updates insuch systems have destructive semantics. This means that previousdatabase contents (representing previous perceived statesof the real world cannot be accessed anymore.A review of how define temporal data models, based ongeneralizing a non-temporal data model in to a temporal one toimprove port management is presented. This paper describes apractical experiment which supports managing temporal dataalong with the corresponding prototype implementations.

  10. Underwater Calibration of Dome Port Pressure Housings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nocerino, E.; Menna, F.; Fassi, F.; Remondino, F.

    2016-03-01

    Underwater photogrammetry using consumer grade photographic equipment can be feasible for different applications, e.g. archaeology, biology, industrial inspections, etc. The use of a camera underwater can be very different from its terrestrial use due to the optical phenomena involved. The presence of the water and camera pressure housing in front of the camera act as additional optical elements. Spherical dome ports are difficult to manufacture and consequently expensive but at the same time they are the most useful for underwater photogrammetry as they keep the main geometric characteristics of the lens unchanged. Nevertheless, the manufacturing and alignment of dome port pressure housing components can be the source of unexpected changes of radial and decentring distortion, source of systematic errors that can influence the final 3D measurements. The paper provides a brief introduction of underwater optical phenomena involved in underwater photography, then presents the main differences between flat and dome ports to finally discuss the effect of manufacturing on 3D measurements in two case studies.

  11. Single port laparoscopic assisted pyloromyotomy: our experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Appignani Antonino

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background Ramstedt pyloromyotomy is the procedure of choice for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis; however, the best way to approach the pylorus is debated. Recent literature reports many comparisons between various open and laparoscopic approaches. The purpose of this experience is to show a new approach to infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis: single-port, laparoscopic-assisted pyloromyotomy. Methods: 31 infants underwent single-port laparoscopic-assisted pyloromyotomy. The approach to the abdominal cavity is performed through a right circumbilical incision, and then a 12-mm trocar is inserted. After the pneumoperitoneum is established, an operative telescope is introduced. Once the telescope is inserted, the pylorus is easily located, and then grasped and exteriorized via the umbilical incision. At this point, conventional Ramstedt pyloromyotomy is performed. Once the pylorus is reintroduced in the abdomen, a new pneumoperitoneum is created to control mucosal integrity and hemostasis. Results. In all 31 cases operated on, an adequate pyloromyotomy was performed in a good ranging time without any intra- or post-operative complications, achieving also excellent cosmetic results. Conclusions The feasibility of single-port laparoscopic assisted pyloromyotomy obtained in this small sample suggests that this procedure could be an excellent alternative to open or laparoscopic pyloromyotomy as long as it acts as intermediary between the two techniques.

  12. Vectorization, parallelization and porting of nuclear codes (porting). Progress report fiscal 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawasaki, Nobuo; Nemoto, Toshiyuki; Kawai, Wataru; Ishizuki, Shigeru [Fujitsu Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Ogasawara, Shinobu; Kume, Etsuo; Adachi, Masaaki [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Yatake, Yo-ichi [Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    2001-01-01

    Several computer codes in the nuclear field have been vectorized, parallelized and transported on the FUJITSU VPP500 system, the AP3000 system, the SX-4 system and the Paragon system at Center for Promotion of Computational Science and Engineering in Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. We dealt with 18 codes in fiscal 1999. These results are reported in 3 parts, i.e., the vectorization and the parallelization part on vector processors, the parallelization port on scalar processors and the porting part. In this report, we describe the porting. In this porting part, the porting of Assisted Model Building with Energy Refinement code version 5 (AMBER5), general purpose Monte Carlo codes far neutron and photon transport calculations based on continuous energy and multigroup methods (MVP/GMVP), automatic editing system for MCNP library code (autonj), neutron damage calculations for materials irradiations and neutron damage calculations for compounds code (SPECTER/SPECOMP), severe accident analysis code (MELCOR) and COolant Boiling in Rod Arrays, Two-Fluid code (COBRA-TF) on the VPP500 system and/or the AP3000 system are described. (author)

  13. How Strong and Weak Readers Perform on the Developmental Eye Movement Test (DEM): Norms for Latvian School-Aged Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serdjukova, Jelena; Ekimane, Lasma; Valeinis, Janis; Skilters, Jurgis; Krumina, Gunta

    2017-01-01

    The aim of our study was to determine DEM test performance norms for school-aged children in Latvia, assess how DEM test results correlate with children's reading rates, compare test performance between strong and weak readers. A modified DEM test and a newly developed reading test were administered to 1487 children during a screening survey. Our…

  14. Research of Fujian Port Group Construction%福建港口群构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁琴

    2011-01-01

    Port takes great importance in the economic and social development of coastal areas. It not only serves as the important infrastrueture for economic development, the key hub of connecting water and land transportations and critical support of port industry distribution, but also conducts as a main logistics platform of coastal cities and a important window of export-oriented economy. According to the development reality of Fujian and considering the strategy of Fujian port group construction function, this article uses a qualitative method to propose some suggestions of port group building on the base of analyzing the current sit- uation of port in Fujian, and then to promote the overall competitiveness of Fujian port group.%港口在沿海地区经济社会发展中的地位十分重要,既是支撑经济发展的重要基础设施、连接水域和陆域的重要枢纽和临港产业布局的重要依托,也是沿海城市主要的物流平台和发展外向型经济的重要窗口。在分析福建港口现状的基础上,根据福建的发展实际以及充分考虑了海西战略的提出对福建港口群的构建作用,用定性的形式提出了一些构建福建港口群的设想和建议,促进福建港口群的整体竞争力。

  15. Multifunctional TEM-specimen holder equipped with a piezodriving probe and an electron irradiation port.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shindo, Daisuke; Suzuki, Satoshi; Sato, Kuniaki; Akase, Zentaro; Murakami, Yasukazu; Yamazaki, Kazuya; Ikeda, Yuuta; Fukuda, Tomohisa

    2013-08-01

    The charging effect due to electron irradiation in an electron microscope has been studied so far with incident electrons. Here we report on a new specimen holder to control the charging effect by using electrons emitted from an irradiation port in the holder while maintaining a constant intensity of the incident electron beam. Details of the charging effect, such as electric field variation, are expected to be investigated by electron holography. The new specimen holder was developed by modifying a double-probe piezodriving specimen holder to introduce an electron irradiation port in one of its two arms. As a result, the new modified specimen holder consists of a piezodriving probe and an electron irradiation port, both of which can be controlled in three dimensions, using piezoelectric elements and micrometers. We demonstrate that variations in the charging effect for epoxy resin and surface contamination can be observed by electron holography.

  16. Study of a cohort of Latvian workers having participated to the decontamination of the nuclear site of Chernobyl; Etude d`une cohorte de travailleurs lettons ayant participe a la decontamination du site nucleaire de Tchernobyl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viel, J.F. [Faculte de Medecine de Besancon, 25 (France)

    1999-11-01

    In the consequences attributable to the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, it is debated whether post-disaster psycho-pathology is related to the perception of the level of contamination or the level of contamination itself. To address this issue, the authors have assessed the association of various exposure mental and psychosomatic distress, on a sample of 1,1412 Latvian liquidators drawn from the State Latvian Chernobyl clean-up workers registry. The outcome considered was a mixed mental/psychosomatic disorder occurring during the time period 1986-1995. Comparisons between subgroups of the cohort, classified according to exposure type or level, were based on the proportional hazards model. Length of work ({>=} 28 days) in a 10 km radius from the reactor (relative risk (RR) = 1.39, 95 percent confidence interval (CI) 1.14-1.70), work (> 1 time) on the damaged reactor roof (RR 1.46, 95 percent CI 1.02-2.09), forest work (RR 1.41,95 percent CI 1.19-1.68), and fresh fruits consumption ({>=} 1 time/day) (RR 1.72,95 percent CI 1.12-2.65) are risk factors for mixed mental/ psychosomatic disorder. Construction of the sarcophagus (RR 1.82, 95 percent CI 0.89-3.72), is also associated with this outcome, although non significantly. These findings confirm that some exposure variables represent risk factors for mental disorders and suggest some radiation-induced consequences although surely overweight by stress-related effects. (author)

  17. Radiologically-placed venous ports in children under venous anesthesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, Joo Yeon; Jeon, Ung Bae; Choo, Ki Seok; Hwang, Jae Yeon; Kim, Yong Woo; Lee, Yun Jin; Nam, Sang Ool; Lim, Young Tak [Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-02-15

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of radiologic venous port placement in children under venous anesthesia. Between April 2009 and July 2011, 44 ports were implanted in 41 children (24 boys, 17 girls). The age of patients ranged from 9 months to 19 years (mean, 6.5 years) and their body weights ranged from 6.8 kg to 56.3 kg (mean, 23.2 kg). Right internal jugular vein access was used in 42 ports, right subclavian vein in 1, and left subclavian in 1. Durability and complications of port implantation were reviewed. The technical success rate was 100%. The catheter life was 10-661 days (mean 246 days). Two patients died during the follow-up period, 21 and 6 ports were removed at the end of treatment or as a result of complications, respectively. One port was removed and replaced by a Hickmann catheter. Three ports were explanted due to port-related sepsis, one due to a catheter kink, and two for unexplained fever or insertion site pain. The overall port-related infection was 3 cases (6.8%, 0.28/1000 catheter days). Venous port placement by interventional radiologists in children under intravenous sedation is relatively safe, with a high rate of technical success and low rate of complications.

  18. Design progress on ITER port plug test facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levesy, B., E-mail: bruno.levesy@iter.org [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Beaumont, B. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Bruno, L.; Cerisier, T. [CNIM, Z.I de Bregaillon, 83507 La Seyne sur Mer (France); Cordier, J.J.; Dammann, A.; Giancarli, L.; Henderson, M. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France); Romannikov, A. [ITER Agency, Russian Research Center ' Kurchatov Institute' , pl. Kurchatova I., 1, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Rumyantsev, Y. [JSC ' Cryogenmash' , 143907 Moscow reg., Balashikha (Russian Federation); Udintsev, V.S. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 Saint Paul Lez Durance (France)

    2012-08-15

    To achieve the overall ITER machine availability target, the availability of diagnostics and heating port plugs shall be as high as 99.5%. To fulfill these requirements, it is mandatory to test the port plugs at operating temperature before installation on the machine and after refurbishment. The ITER port plug test facility (PPTF) provides the possibility to test upper and equatorial port plugs before installation on the machine. The port plug test facility is composed of several test stands. These test stands are first used in the domestic agencies and on the ITER Organization site to test the port plugs at the end of manufacturing. Two of these stands are installed later in the ITER hot cell facility to test the port plugs after refurbishment. The port plugs to be tested are the Ion Cyclotron (IC) heating and current drive antennas, Electron Cyclotron (EC) heating and current drive launchers, diagnostics and test blanket modules port plugs. Test stands shall be capable to perform environmental and functional tests. The test stands are composed of one vacuum tank (3.3 m in diameter, 5.6 m long) and the associated heating, vacuum and control systems. The vacuum tank shall achieve an ultimate pressure of 1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} Pa at 100 Degree-Sign C containing a port plug. The heating system shall provide water at 240 Degree-Sign C and 4.4 MPa to heat up the port plugs. Openings are provided on the back of the vacuum tank to insert probes for the functional tests. This paper describes the tests to be performed on the port plugs and the conceptual design of the port plug test facility. The configuration of the standalone test stands and the integration in the hot cell facility are presented.

  19. Modeling and optimization of existing beam port facility of PSBR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alim, Fatih [Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State University, Reber Building, University Park, State College, PA 16802 (United States); Bekar, Kursat [Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State University, Reber Building, University Park, State College, PA 16802 (United States); Ivanov, Kostadin [Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State University, Reber Building, University Park, State College, PA 16802 (United States)]. E-mail: kni1@psu.edu; Unlu, Kenan [Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State University, Reber Building, University Park, State College, PA 16802 (United States); Brenizer, Jack [Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State University, Reber Building, University Park, State College, PA 16802 (United States); Azmy, Yousry [Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State University, Reber Building, University Park, State College, PA 16802 (United States)

    2006-11-15

    Due to inherited design issues with the current arrangement of beam ports (BPs) and reactor core-moderator assembly in The Perm State Breazeale Reactor (PSBR), the development of innovative experimental facilities utilizing neutron beams is extremely limited. Therefore, a study has started to examine the existing BPs for neutron and gamma outputs and develop a new core-moderator location and BP geometry in PSBR. Although 7 BPs are placed in PSBR, 2 of them are using currently. In this study BP 4, one of the currently being used BP, is examined. With changing the location of the BP 4 and structure of the core assembly, some artificial models are developed and compared with the original model.

  20. Artificial Neural Network forecasting of storm surge water levels at major estuarine ports to supplement national tide-surge models and improve port resilience planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, Jon; Mawdsley, Robert; Fujiyama, Taku; Achuthan, Kamal

    2017-04-01

    Effective prediction of tidal storm surge is of considerable importance for operators of major ports, since much of their infrastructure is necessarily located close to sea level. Storm surge inundation can damage critical elements of this infrastructure and significantly disrupt port operations and downstream supply chains. The risk of surge inundation is typically approached using extreme value analysis, while short-term forecasting generally relies on coastal shelf-scale tide and surge models. However, extreme value analysis does not provide information on the duration of a surge event and can be sensitive to the assumptions made and the historic data available. Also, whilst regional tide and surge models perform well along open coasts, their fairly coarse spatial resolution means that they do not always provide accurate predictions for estuarine ports. As part of a NERC Environmental Risks to Infrastructure Innovation Programme project, we have developed a tool that is specifically designed to forecast the North Sea storm surges on major ports along the east coast of the UK. Of particular interest is the Port of Immingham, Humber estuary, which handles the largest volume of bulk cargo in the UK including major flows of coal and biomass for power generation. A tidal surge in December 2013, with an estimated return period of 760 years, partly flooded the port, damaged infrastructure and disrupted operations for several weeks. This and other recent surge events highlight the need for additional tools to supplement the national UK Storm Tide Warning Service. Port operators are also keen to have access to less computationally expensive forecasting tools for scenario planning and to improve their resilience to actual events. In this paper, we demonstrate the potential of machine learning methods based on Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) to generate accurate short-term forecasts of extreme water levels at estuarine North Sea ports such as Immingham. An ANN is

  1. Porting AMG2013 to Heterogeneous CPU+GPU Nodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samfass, Philipp [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2017-01-26

    LLNL's future advanced technology system SIERRA will feature heterogeneous compute nodes that consist of IBM PowerV9 CPUs and NVIDIA Volta GPUs. Conceptually, the motivation for such an architecture is quite straightforward: While GPUs are optimized for throughput on massively parallel workloads, CPUs strive to minimize latency for rather sequential operations. Yet, making optimal use of heterogeneous architectures raises new challenges for the development of scalable parallel software, e.g., with respect to work distribution. Porting LLNL's parallel numerical libraries to upcoming heterogeneous CPU+GPU architectures is therefore a critical factor for ensuring LLNL's future success in ful lling its national mission. One of these libraries, called HYPRE, provides parallel solvers and precondi- tioners for large, sparse linear systems of equations. In the context of this intern- ship project, I consider AMG2013 which is a proxy application for major parts of HYPRE that implements a benchmark for setting up and solving di erent systems of linear equations. In the following, I describe in detail how I ported multiple parts of AMG2013 to the GPU (Section 2) and present results for di erent experiments that demonstrate a successful parallel implementation on the heterogeneous ma- chines surface and ray (Section 3). In Section 4, I give guidelines on how my code should be used. Finally, I conclude and give an outlook for future work (Section 5).

  2. 33 CFR 165.809 - Security Zones; Port of Port Lavaca-Point Comfort, Point Comfort, TX and Port of Corpus Christi...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Lavaca-Point Comfort, Point Comfort, TX and Port of Corpus Christi Inner Harbor, Corpus Christi, TX. 165... Lavaca-Point Comfort, Point Comfort, TX and Port of Corpus Christi Inner Harbor, Corpus Christi, TX. (a) Location. The following area is designated as a security zone: all waters of the Corpus Christi...

  3. Port Security: Container Cargo Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladivoj Vlaković

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available illicittrafficking of threat materials, especially explosives, chemicalsubstances and radioactive or nuclear material. The transportof the threat materials by using sea routes is an advantageto te"orists especially because of the possible use of ship containers.The container is the basis of world trade. It is assumed thatthe world total movement in containers is about 200 millionTEUs ("20-foot equivalent units" per year. The list of materialstransported by containers which should be subject to inspectionwith the aim of reducing the acts of te"orism includes explosives,narcotics, chemical weapons, hazardous chemicalsand radioactive materials.Of special interest is nuclear te"orism. The risk of nuclearte"orism carried out by sub-national groups should be considerednot only in the construction and/or use of nuclear device,but also in possible radioactive contamination of large urbanareas.The system of ship containers control is an essential componentof «smart border» concept. Modem personnel, parcel,vehicle and cargo inspection systems are non-invasive imagingtechniques based on the use of nuclear analytical techniques.The inspection systems use penetrating radiations: hard x-rays(300 keV or more or gamma-rays from radioactive sources(137Cs and 60Co with energies from 600 to 1300 keV that producea high resolution radiograph of the load. Unfortunately,this information is "non-specific" in that it gives no informationon the nature of objects that do not match_ the travel documentsand are not recognized by a visual analysis of the radiographicpicture. Moreover, there are regions of the containerwherex and gamma-ray systems are "blind" due to the high averageatomic number of the objects i"adiated that appear asblack spots in the radiographic image.The systems being developed are based on the use of fast, 14Me V, neutrons with detection of associated a-particle from nuclearreactionbywhichneutrons are produced (d+t>a+n.Jnsuch a way the possibility to

  4. Greenfield Port Bhavanapadu: Opportunities and challenges along the east coast of India

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bij de Leij, A.W.; Smulders, J.; Dagniaux, M.F.; Lamboo, M.C.T.; Van den Hoogen, M.G.M.; Van Leeuwen, M.C.

    2012-01-01

    Master project report. The objective of the report is to find a suitable greenfield port location at the east coast of India, to develop a technical feasible master plan for this location and to determine the financial viability of this master plan. With respect to the objective conclusions are

  5. Greenfield Port Bhavanapadu: Opportunities and challenges along the east coast of India

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bij de Leij, A.W.; Smulders, J.; Dagniaux, M.F.; Lamboo, M.C.T.; Van den Hoogen, M.G.M.; Van Leeuwen, M.C.

    2012-01-01

    Master project report. The objective of the report is to find a suitable greenfield port location at the east coast of India, to develop a technical feasible master plan for this location and to determine the financial viability of this master plan. With respect to the objective conclusions are draw

  6. The most common genetic syndromes and associated anomalies in Latvian patients with cleft lip with or without palate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lace, Baiba; Barkane, Biruta; Akota, Ilze

    2006-01-01

    1 over 700 newborns every year is born with cleft lip with/or without palate, in 30% of cases there is a certain genetic mechanism underlying development of disease: chromosomal anomalies, monogenic diseases, exposure to teratogens or in utero disruptive mechanisms. The objective of our study is to describe the most common genetic syndromes and associated anomalies in patients with CL/CP in Latvia. Study material was medical records obtained from Riga Cleft Lip and Palate Centre Registry in a time period of 1980 till 2005. There was analyzed information about patients with identified genetic syndromes and associated anomalies. In a time period from 1980 till 2005, the following genetic syndromes were identified: Van der Woude, Fetal alcohol syndrome, Holzgreve syndrome, Marfan syndrome, Myotonic dystrophy, Klippel-Feil syndrome, Patau syndrome, Potter sequence and Pierre Robin sequence. 16% of CL/CP patients have recognized genetic syndromes or associated anomalies, including profound, severe and moderate mental retardation. Number is lower than expected, but still correlates with date presented in other populations. Long term follow-up of multidisciplinary specialists which includes cardiologists, clinical-geneticists and paediatricians, is needed for CL/CP patients with associated anomalies in order to identify timely side diseases and complications. Grant: Baltic-Taiwan joint research project "Identification of genes involved in craniofacial morphogenesis and susceptibility to orofacial clefting in a human genome scan 2004-2006".

  7. Is multi-port ATE in your future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monie, V.; Kovel, D. M.

    The history of ATE is surveyed, with attention given to significant technical advances made during the past few years. Multi-port testing is seen as a logical extension of engineering attempts to extract the maximum value for the ATE dollar invested. Particular attention is given to the economics of multi-port ATE. It is shown that the cost/throughput ratio of a dual-port test set is 40% greater than a single port test set. The benefits of increased test set availability and the associated logistics costs are stressed. The numerous economic benefits are matched by the technical advantages, which are also discussed in detail. Potential problems in a dual-port ATE are identified, and solutions are suggested. It is shown that a successful dual-port ATE is one that not only solves real-life testing problems but also solves problems of resource competition and allocation.

  8. Spatial Determinants of Import Traffic Distribution At Port Harcourt (Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soddy I. Inyang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the result of a study carried out to examine the Geographic determinants of import traffic distribution at the Port Harcourt Port. A substantial aspect of the study involved building a regression model to estimate import distribution from the Port. The import function was specified in log-linear form. The adequacy of the model was then tested; this, involved statistical experiments to obtain the R-squared, as well as t and f values. Further test on the adequacy of the nwdel was conducted through diagnostic exercises designed to check for inulticollinedrity and heteroscedasticity, in the data used. Results obtained show that road distance and manufacturing industries are significant Geographic determinants of import Cargo distribution at the study Port. It is therefore important to lake the two variables into account in any policy or planning exercise at Port Harcourt Port.

  9. Single-Port Robotic Cholecystectomy in Pediatric Patients: Single Institution Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosales-Velderrain, Armando; Alkhoury, Fuad

    2017-04-01

    Modifications to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy are aimed to decrease abdominal pain and improve cosmetic results. Single-port robotic cholecystectomy is a safe and feasible approach that has been reported in adults, though reports are limited in children. This study aims to report our experience with single-port robotic cholecystectomy in children, and to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and outcomes of this approach. After single-port robotic approach was available at our institution, we prospectively followed our patients who underwent a single-port robotic cholecystectomy from March 2013 to May 2015 in our children's hospital. There were 14 patients [female 11 (79%) versus male 3 (21%)], the average age was 12.20 ± 4.97 years, with a mean body mass index of 28.01 ± 8.57 m/kg(2). Of the 14 patients, 4 (29%) had cholelithiasis with choledocolithiasis and had undergone an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography before the operation, 6 (43%) had symptomatic cholelithiasis, and 4 (28%) had acute cholecystitis. The median operative room time was 125 minutes (range 60-202), the median time of operation was 77.5 minutes (range 64-169), the median estimated blood loss was 2 mL (range 2-25), and a median length of stay was 1 day (range 0-2). There were no conversions to another approach. The median follow-up was 7 months (range 3-22). One patient (7%) developed an umbilical port site seroma, which was managed conservatively, no other complications occurred. Single-port robotic cholecystectomy is a feasible and safe approach for cholecystectomy in the pediatric population. More studies are required to compare it to different approaches.

  10. The Potential for Biomass District Energy Production in Port Graham, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charles Sink, Chugachmiut; Keeryanne Leroux, EERC

    2008-05-08

    This project was a collaboration between The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) and Chugachmiut – A Tribal organization Serving the Chugach Native People of Alaska and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Tribal Energy Program. It was conducted to determine the economic and technical feasibility for implementing a biomass energy system to service the Chugachmiut community of Port Graham, Alaska. The Port Graham tribe has been investigating opportunities to reduce energy costs and reliance on energy imports and support subsistence. The dramatic rise in the prices of petroleum fuels have been a hardship to the village of Port Graham, located on the Kenai Peninsula of Alaska. The Port Graham Village Council views the forest timber surrounding the village and the established salmon industry as potential resources for providing biomass energy power to the facilities in their community. Benefits of implementing a biomass fuel include reduced energy costs, energy independence, economic development, and environmental improvement. Fish oil–diesel blended fuel and indoor wood boilers are the most economical and technically viable options for biomass energy in the village of Port Graham. Sufficient regional biomass resources allow up to 50% in annual heating savings to the user, displacing up to 70% current diesel imports, with a simple payback of less than 3 years for an estimated capital investment under $300,000. Distributive energy options are also economically viable and would displace all imported diesel, albeit offering less savings potential and requiring greater capital. These include a large-scale wood combustion system to provide heat to the entire village, a wood gasification system for cogeneration of heat and power, and moderate outdoor wood furnaces providing heat to 3–4 homes or community buildings per furnace. Coordination of biomass procurement and delivery, ensuring resource reliability and technology acceptance, and arbitrating

  11. Arsenic in marine sediments from French Mediterranean ports: geochemical partitioning, bioavailability and ecotoxicology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamindy-Pajany, Yannick; Hurel, Charlotte; Géret, Florence; Galgani, François; Battaglia-Brunet, Fabienne; Marmier, Nicolas; Roméo, Michèle

    2013-03-01

    This work investigates arsenic mobility, bioavailability and toxicity in marine port sediments using chemical sequential extraction and laboratory toxicity tests. Sediment samples were collected from two different Mediterranean ports, one highly polluted with arsenic and other inorganic and organic pollutants (Estaque port (EST)), and the other one, less polluted, with a low arsenic content (Saint Mandrier port (SM)). Arsenic distribution in the solid phase was studied using a sequential extraction procedure specifically developed for appraising arsenic mobility in sediments. Toxicity assessment was performed on sediment elutriates, solid phases and aqueous arsenic species as single substance using the embryo-toxicity test on oyster larvae (Crassostrea gigas) and the Microtox test with Vibrio fischeri. Toxicity results showed that all sediment samples presented acute and sub-chronic toxic effects on oyster larvae and bacteria, respectively. The Microtox solid phase test allow to discriminate As-contaminated samples from the less contaminated ones, suggesting that toxicity of whole sediment samples is related to arsenic content. Toxicity of dissolved arsenic species as single substance showed that Vibrio fischeri and oyster larvae are most sensitive to As(V) than As(III). The distribution coefficient (Kd) of arsenic in sediment samples was estimated using results obtained in chemical sequential extractions. The Kd value is greater in SM (450 Lkg(-1)) than in EST (55 Lkg(-1)), indicating that arsenic availability is higher for the most toxic sediment sample (Estaque port). This study demonstrates that arsenic speciation play an important role on arsenic mobility and its bioavailability in marine port sediments. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Lasers or light sources for treating port-wine stains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faurschou, Annesofie; Olesen, Anne Braae; Leonardi-Bee, Jo;

    2011-01-01

    Port-wine stains are birthmarks caused by malformations of blood vessels in the skin. Port-wine stains manifest themselves in infancy as a flat, red mark and do not regress spontaneously but may, if untreated, become darker and thicker in adult life. The profusion of various lasers and light...... sources makes it difficult to decide which equipment is the best for treating port-wine stains....

  13. Could the United States Afford to Lose a Major Port?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-13

    to start dredging. An event that would force the closure of one of the United States busiest ports would require a swift response to ensure that...one of the United States busiest ports would require a swift response to ensure that the flow of commerce would continue. iv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...Background and Issues by John F. Frittelli, Martin R. Lee, Jonathan Medalia, Ronald O’Rourke and Raphael Perl. This source looked into port and maritime

  14. Digitally Controlled Linear Four-Port Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Michalek

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the design of a universal linear multipart. The circuit is based on digitally controlled multiple voltage-controlled voltage sources (MVCVSs. The main advantages of this control are accuracy, invariability, and very small area requirements. The whole system is simply connected to a PC via its parallel port. This multipart can generally be used as a building block for any model of a nonlinear dynamic system, namely for the piecewise-linear (PWL model in both explicit and implicit forms.

  15. Severe Weather Guide Mediterranean Ports. 43. Sfax

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-01

    POINTSE GUEURN BANZART DJEDIANE \\ /1 CAPE IiFARINA BIZERTE ’GULF OF GULF OF HANOMANIET 3N SOUSSE Li ALGERIA TUNISIA SFAX 5 0 KERKENNAH ISLANDS GULF OF 34-N...country. The adjacent Kerkennah Islands and the surrounding shallows offer excellent protection to the harbor and anchorage from both wind and seas. The...8217 3-1 Situated on the extreme north shore of the Gulf of Gabes, the Port of Sfax is protected to the east by the Kerkennah Islands, the nearest

  16. Model and Calculation of Container Port Logistics Enterprises Efficiency Indexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao Hong

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The throughput of China’s container port is growing fast, but the earnings of inland port enterprises are not so good. Firstly ,the initial efficiency evaluation indexes of port logistics are reduced and screened by rough set model, and then logistics performance indexes weight are assigned by the rough totalitarian calculation method. As well, the rank of the indexes and the important indexes are picked up by combining with ABC management method. So the port logistics enterprises can monitor the key indexes to reduce cost and improve the efficiency of the logistics operations.

  17. Merchants, ports and hinterlands : the building of sea-port structures in the Early Modern Porto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amândio Jorge Morais Barros

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Emerging in the Middle Ages, Porto became one of the most important ports of the Iberian Peninsula. The city’s affirmation over the nearby territory was accompanied by the expansion of business towards the northern markets of Flanders, Brabant, Great Britain and northern France (Brittany and Normandy, stimulating the emergence of a merchant navy, and inspiring a set of engineering works meant to organize the harbour. With this paper, I’ll pay attention to the role performed by small ports and apparently modest business centres in the building and organization of the first global age. The history of such port like Porto will contribute to enlighten fields of interaction that existed between the port-cities and their umlands and hinterlands, which supported its economy, mould a significant part of its society, and influenced its cultural standards. In this study I’ll present the most important facts of the process of territorial domination, and the way things were conducted in order to get effective its mercantile economy. Charts will be presented and comment, once they are very informative to this evolution, and I’ll also emphasize the international context in which it occurred.

  18. Vectorization, parallelization and porting of nuclear codes (porting). Progress report fiscal 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nemoto, Toshiyuki; Kawai, Wataru; Ishizuki, Shigeru [Fujitsu Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Kawasaki, Nobuo; Kume, Etsuo; Adachi, Masaaki; Ogasawara, Shinobu [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Yatake, Yo-ichi [Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    2000-03-01

    Several computer codes in the nuclear field have been vectorized, parallelized and transported on the FUJITSU VPP500 system, the AP3000 system and the Paragon system at Center for Promotion of Computational Science and Engineering in Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. We dealt with 12 codes in fiscal 1998. These results are reported in 3 parts, i.e., the vectorization and parallelization on vector processors part, the parallelization on scalar processors part and the porting part. In this report, we describe the porting. In this porting part, the porting of Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport code MCNP4B2 and Reactor Safety Analysis code RELAP5 on the AP3000 are described. In the vectorization and parallelization on vector processors part, the vectorization of General Tokamak Circuit Simulation Program code GTCSP, the vectorization and parallelization of Molecular Dynamics Ntv Simulation code MSP2, Eddy Current Analysis code EDDYCAL, Thermal Analysis Code for Test of Passive Cooling System by HENDEL T2 code THANPACST2 and MHD Equilibrium code SELENEJ on the VPP500 are described. In the parallelization on scalar processors part, the parallelization of Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport code MCNP4B2, Plasma Hydrodynamics code using Cubic Interpolated propagation Method PHCIP and Vectorized Monte Carlo code (continuous energy model/multi-group model) MVP/GMVP on the Paragon are described. (author)

  19. Development of a New Striker for a Portable Coffee Harvesting Tool / Desarrollo de un Nuevo Impactador para una Herramienta Portátil de Cosecha de Café

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilson León Moreno Cárdenas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Rotary beaters were designed, built and evaluated foruse in a portable coffee harvesting tool. The present study was carried out in three phases. In the first phase, preliminary tests were conducted to determine the performance of three rotary beaters. In the second, eleven experimental rotary beater models of various forms were built and evaluated based on the results of phase one,determining the detaching capacity, selectivity, branch damage, fruit dispersion and rotor balance for each one. The analysis was performed using a decision matrix with three qualifying levels (high, medium and low, which resulted in one beater with the best performance. In the third phase, this beater’s design was refined using CAD for future evaluations. The deformations and maximumexperimental stresses were below the maximum permissible valuesfor the material used in the beater’s construction. / Se diseñaron, construyeron y evaluaron impactadoresrotatorios para ser utilizados en una herramienta portátil, en la cosecha selectiva de café. La investigación se adelantó en tres fases; en la primera se realizaron pruebas preliminares sobre el desempeño de tres impactadores. En la segunda, con base en los resultados de la fase uno, se construyeron y evaluaron once modelos experimentales de impactadores rotatorios de diferentes formas para los cuales se determinó su capacidad de desprendimiento, selectividad, daños causados a las ramas, dispersión de frutos y balanceo del rotor. La evaluación se efectuó por medio de unamatriz de decisión con tres niveles de valoración, alto, medio y bajo, de la cual resultó un impactador con el mejor desempeño.En la tercera fase, se tomó el modelo de impactador de mejordesempeño y mediante CAD se realizó el diseño refinado antes de construirlo para futuras evaluaciones. La deformación y esfuerzo máximos experimentados por el impactador fueron inferiores a los máximos admisibles por el material empleado en la

  20. Chinese Investment in Latin American Ports: The Ecuadorian, Mexican, And Colombian Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    port administration ( Administracion Portuaria Integral) APIVER Administracion Portuaria Integral de Veracruz APL American President Lines APM AP...created integral port administrations (called Administracion Portuaria Integradias (APIs)), not unlike the autonomous port authorities in the United...The port authority for the Port of Veracruz, the Administracion Portuaria Integral de Veracruz (APIVER), was established in 1994. Both APIs were