WorldWideScience

Sample records for deutsche kernkraftwerke betriebsergebnisse

  1. Lamellae settling and biofiltration in phosphorus removal. Performance of the waste-water treatment plant of Nyon; Lamellenvorklaerung und Biofiltration zur Phosphorfaellung. Betriebsergebnisse der Klaeranlage von Nyon-Asse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schum, C. [Degremont S.A., Vevey (Switzerland); Mossier, J.L. [Degremont S.A., Vevey (Switzerland)

    1996-03-01

    In Summer 1993 the wastewater treatment plant of Nyon (VD, Switzerland) started up. After the pretreatment, the raw water is treated by a physical-chemical process (rapid coagulation-floculation and lamellae settling). Finally, the water is purified in aerobic biofilters. The general performance of the sewage plant are discussed and results of experiments in total phosphorus removal are also communicated. The assay show that the sewage plant is entirely able to reach strong quality objectives and especially for the total phosphorus removal. Phosphorus concentration under 0,2 mg P/l are reached in the outlet. (orig.) [Deutsch] Im Sommer 1993 wurde die neue Abwasserreinigungsanlage in Nyon (VD, Schweiz) in Betrieb genommen. Die Abwaesser werden nach der Vorbehandlung physikalisch-chemisch behandelt (Lamellenabscheider mit vorgeschaltetem Flockungsreaktor und Koagulation) und anschliessend mit aeroben Biofiltern optimal gereinigt. Nach der Darstellung der Betriebsergebnisse der Klaeranlage werden anschliessend die Versuche zur P{sub ges}-Elimination kommentiert. Die in Nyon durchgefuehrten Versuche zeigen, dass die Anlage voellig in der Lage ist, den hohen Anforderungen nachzukommen, insbesondere was den P{sub ges}-Ablaufwert, der unter 0,2 mg P/l liegen muss, betrifft. (orig.)

  2. One year of operational experience with the upgraded and modernized Borssele nuclear power plant; Ein Jahr Erfahrung mit dem nachgeruesteten und modernisierten Kernkraftwerk Borssele

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bongers, J.W.M. [EPZ Kernenergie, Borssele (Netherlands); Wiersema, H.T. [KEMA Nuclear, Arnheim (Netherlands)

    1999-10-01

    The operating experience with the modernized Borssele NPP is excellent. The post upgrade operations showed some minor incidents related to the modernization. Part of the incidents were handled immediately, the others were solved during the 1998 outage. This outage was very well organized and executed, resulting in the shortest outage time ever achieved in Borssele. The plant availability in the first operating period after modernization ranged at over 90%. (orig.) [Deutsch] Mit dem modernisierten Kernkraftwerk Borssele wurden sehr gute Erfahrungen gemacht. Waehrend des Betriebes nach Abschluss der Modernisierungsarbeiten kam es zu einigen geringfuegigen Ereignissen, die durch die Modernisierungsmassnahmen verursacht worden waren. Einige dieser Probleme konnten sofort behoben werden, andere wurden waehrend der Revision im Jahre 1998 geloest. Diese Revision wurde hervorragend organisiert und ausgefuehrt und fuehrte dadurch zu den kuerzesten Ausfallzeiten, die jemals in Borssele erzielt wurden. Die Anlagenverfuegbarkeit lag in der ersten Betriebszeit nach den Umbaumassnahmen bei ueber 90%. (orig.)

  3. Health Information in German (Deutsch)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tools You Are Here: Home → Multiple Languages → German (Deutsch) URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/languages/german.html Health Information in German (Deutsch) To use the sharing features on this page, ...

  4. Lernpunkt Deutsch--Stage 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theil, Elvira

    1997-01-01

    Evaluates the first stage of "Lernpunkt Deutsch," a new three-stage German course designed for upper elementary and early secondary school. Describes the publisher's package of materials and the appropriateness of the course, utility of the different package elements, format of the materials, and assesses whether the course provides pedagogically…

  5. Lernpunkt Deutsch--Stage 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theil, Elvira

    1997-01-01

    Evaluates the first stage of "Lernpunkt Deutsch," a new three-stage German course designed for upper elementary and early secondary school. Describes the publisher's package of materials and the appropriateness of the course, utility of the different package elements, format of the materials, and assesses whether the course provides pedagogically…

  6. A Cavity QED Implementation of Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Guerra, E. S.

    2004-01-01

    The Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm is a generalization of the Deutsch algorithm which was the first algorithm written. We present schemes to implement the Deutsch algorithm and the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm via cavity QED.

  7. A Cavity QED Implementation of Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Guerra, E. S.

    2004-01-01

    The Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm is a generalization of the Deutsch algorithm which was the first algorithm written. We present schemes to implement the Deutsch algorithm and the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm via cavity QED.

  8. Herausforderungen durch die deutsche Wiedervereinigung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stäglin, Reiner

    Die Wiedervereinigung stellte auch die Statistik vor große Aufgaben. Die als Organ der staatlichen Planung staatsnah orientierte Statistik der DDR musste auf das zur Neutralität und wissenschaftlichen Unabhängigkeit verpflichtete System der Bundesrepublik umgestellt werden. Ebenso verlangten die Universitäten eine Neuorientierung. Die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft hat sich vor allem dreier Aufgaben mit großem Engagement, aber auch mit Bedachtsamkeit angenommen: Aufnahme und Integration der Statistiker aus den neuen Bundesländern in die Gesellschaft, Begleitung der Neuausrichtung des Faches Statistik an deren Hochschulen und Sicherung sowie Nutzung von Datenbeständen der ehemaligen DDR.

  9. Powering FITL for Deutsche Telekom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulz, W. [T-Nova Deutsche Telekom Innovationsgesellschaft mbH Technologiezentrum (Germany)

    2000-07-01

    Deutsche Telekom introduced the project OPAL (optical access line) 8 years ago. The development of new applications for FITL (FTTH, FTTB, FTTC) leads to new challenges for power systems. For the establishment of an optical fibre infrastructure at the subscriber line level a wide variety of possible optical fibre network topologies can be imagined. Different powering architectures must be developed including remote or local powering. This paper presents results and performances of the powering configurations to feed the optical network units (ONU) and remote OLT. Compared to conventional powering the centralised powering with remote feeding supply was implemented to power the ONU in the field economically. (orig.)

  10. Grundschullehrer/in (Muttersprache Deutsch)

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Der Verein für die Förderung des deutschsprachigen Unterrichts im Pays de Gex (A.P.E.G.) sucht für die Monate September bis Dezember 2003, eventuell länger, eine Lehrkraft mit Muttersprache Deutsch für den Grundschulunterricht der Deutschen Abteilung des Lycée International von Ferney-Voltaire. Die Arbeit des Vereins wird vom CERN unterstützt. Der Unterricht findet einmal wöchentlich am Dienstagnachmittag von 13.30 Uhr bis 16.30 Uhr in Räumen des Collège in Prévessin statt. Falls Sie Interesse und Fragen haben, wenden Sie sich bitte telefonisch an die 1. Vorsitzende des Elternvereins Frau M. Dittus (0033(0)450.20.65.97) oder die Koordinatorin des Grundschulunterrichts der Deutschen Abteilung Frau Maurice-Gril (0033(0)450.41.29.34). Bewerbungen bitte bis zum 21.05.2003 an folgende Adresse: Lycée International Section Allemande, Madeleine Dittus Présidente A.P.E.G. B.P.156 01216 Ferney-Voltaire E-Mail : deutsche.abteilung.ferney@libertysurf.fr

  11. A different Deutsch-Jozsa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bera, Debajyoti

    2015-06-01

    One of the early achievements of quantum computing was demonstrated by Deutsch and Jozsa (Proc R Soc Lond A Math Phys Sci 439(1907):553, 1992) regarding classification of a particular type of Boolean functions. Their solution demonstrated an exponential speedup compared to classical approaches to the same problem; however, their solution was the only known quantum algorithm for that specific problem so far. This paper demonstrates another quantum algorithm for the same problem, with the same exponential advantage compared to classical algorithms. The novelty of this algorithm is the use of quantum amplitude amplification, a technique that is the key component of another celebrated quantum algorithm developed by Grover (Proceedings of the twenty-eighth annual ACM symposium on theory of computing, ACM Press, New York, 1996). A lower bound for randomized (classical) algorithms is also presented which establishes a sound gap between the effectiveness of our quantum algorithm and that of any randomized algorithm with similar efficiency.

  12. Enhanced biological phosphorus removal - results of a full scale pilot plant; Erhoehte biologische Phosphatelimination - Betriebsergebnisse einer grosstechnischen Versuchsanlage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolf, P. [Kassel Univ. (Gesamthochschule) (Germany). Fachbereich 14 - Siedlungswasserwirtschaft; Bendzuck, C. [Kassel Univ. (Gesamthochschule) (Germany). Fachbereich 14 - Siedlungswasserwirtschaft

    1996-01-01

    Within a research project one line of Kassel`s wastewater treatment plant has been rebuilt to a large scale pilot plant run with the MUCT process configuration. Different investigations with variation of inflow size, trend of inflow over time and wastewater temperature have been done. The relation between the efficiency of enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) and the hydraulic loading is shown in some examples. Over all, the EBPR increases with the wastewater temperature, with the available organic carbon in the inflow and with decreasing fluctuation in the trend of inflow over time. (orig.) [Deutsch] Im Rahmen eines Forschungsvorhabens wurde ein Teil der biologischen Stufe der Kasseler Klaeranlage zur erhoehten biologischen Phosphatelimination nach dem MUCT-Verfahren umgebaut. Es wurden Versuche bei konstanter und periodisch schwankender hydraulischer Belastung sowie bei unterschiedlichen Abwassertemperaturen durchgefuehrt. Untersucht wurde die Abhaengigkeit der biologischen Phosphatelimination von verschiedenen Belastungssituationen und die Phosphorumsaetze innerhalb der Belebung sowohl in zeitlicher als auch in oertlicher Abhaengigkeit. Die Wiederholung bestimmter Versuchsphasen bei verschiedenen Abwassertemperaturen liess Rueckschluesse auf die Temperaturabhaengigkeit der biologischen Phosphatelimination zu. Der Wirkungsgrad der biologischen Phosphatelimination steigt mit der Temperatur, dem Angebot an organischem Kohlenstoff in der anaeroben Zone und mit zunehmender Vergleichmaessigung der hydraulischen Belastung. (orig.)

  13. [Bernt Ahrenholz : Verweise mit Demonstrativa im Gesprochenen Deutsch...] / Klaus Geyer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Geyer, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Ahrenholz, Bernt. Verweise mit Demonstrativa im gesprochenen Deutsch : Grammatik, Zweitspracherwerb und Deutsch als Fremdsprache. Berlin ; New York : de Gruyter, 2007. (Linguistik - Impulse & Tendenzen ; 17)

  14. [Bernt Ahrenholz : Verweise mit Demonstrativa im Gesprochenen Deutsch...] / Klaus Geyer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Geyer, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Ahrenholz, Bernt. Verweise mit Demonstrativa im gesprochenen Deutsch : Grammatik, Zweitspracherwerb und Deutsch als Fremdsprache. Berlin ; New York : de Gruyter, 2007. (Linguistik - Impulse & Tendenzen ; 17)

  15. Deutsch-dänische Kulturbrille

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Katarina Le; Hallsteinsdóttir, Erla

    Dieser Leitfaden gibt Ihnen einen Einblick in eine Auswahl von möglichen interkulturellen Fettnäpfchen, in die man in der deutsch-dänischen Kommunikation treten kann. Der Leitfaden soll Ihnen ermöglichen, ein Bewusstsein über die Existenz solcher Fettnäpfchen und ihre Wirkung in der Kommunikation...... aufzubauen. Der Leitfaden bietet so eine erste Orientierung für die deutsch-dänische Zusammenarbeit, er kann und soll jedoch eine fundierte interkulturelle Ausbildung nicht ersetzen. Der Leitfaden wendet sich in dieser Version an diejenigen, die etwas kommunikationstheoretisches Wissen mitbringen oder...... Projekts Nationale Stereotype und Marketingstrategien in der deutsch-dänischen interkulturellen Kommunikation (SMiK). Mit dem Leitfaden stellen wir das im SMiK-Projekt erarbeitete und wissenschaftlich gesicherte Wissen um deutsch-dänische stereotype Handlungsmuster für die kleinen und mittelständischen...

  16. Ich spreche Deutsch: A User's Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glassar, Sheila

    1969-01-01

    The textbook under discussion, "Ich spreche Deutsch" by Heinz Griesbach and Dora Schulz (London-Harlow: Longmans-Hueber, 1966), is intended to be a one-year introduction to German, particularly for less academic pupils and students. (FWB)

  17. [Variation im heutigen Deutsch...] / Laura Tidrike

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tidrike, Laura

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Variation im heutigen Deutsch : Perspektiven für den Sprachunterricht / hrsg. v. Eva Neuland. Frankfurt am Main : Lang, 2006. (Sprache - Kommunikation - Kultur. Soziolinguistische Beiträge ; Vol. 4)

  18. Ich spreche Deutsch: A User's Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glassar, Sheila

    1969-01-01

    The textbook under discussion, "Ich spreche Deutsch" by Heinz Griesbach and Dora Schulz (London-Harlow: Longmans-Hueber, 1966), is intended to be a one-year introduction to German, particularly for less academic pupils and students. (FWB)

  19. Deutsch-dänische Kulturbrille

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Katarina Le; Hallsteinsdóttir, Erla

    Dieser Leitfaden gibt Ihnen einen Einblick in eine Auswahl von möglichen interkulturellen Fettnäpfchen, in die man in der deutsch-dänischen Kommunikation treten kann. Der Leitfaden soll Ihnen ermöglichen, ein Bewusstsein über die Existenz solcher Fettnäpfchen und ihre Wirkung in der Kommunikation...... aufzubauen. Der Leitfaden bietet so eine erste Orientierung für die deutsch-dänische Zusammenarbeit, er kann und soll jedoch eine fundierte interkulturelle Ausbildung nicht ersetzen. Der Leitfaden wendet sich in dieser Version an diejenigen, die etwas kommunikationstheoretisches Wissen mitbringen oder...... Projekts Nationale Stereotype und Marketingstrategien in der deutsch-dänischen interkulturellen Kommunikation (SMiK). Mit dem Leitfaden stellen wir das im SMiK-Projekt erarbeitete und wissenschaftlich gesicherte Wissen um deutsch-dänische stereotype Handlungsmuster für die kleinen und mittelständischen...

  20. [Variation im heutigen Deutsch...] / Laura Tidrike

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tidrike, Laura

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Variation im heutigen Deutsch : Perspektiven für den Sprachunterricht / hrsg. v. Eva Neuland. Frankfurt am Main : Lang, 2006. (Sprache - Kommunikation - Kultur. Soziolinguistische Beiträge ; Vol. 4)

  1. Licensing issues in the context of terrorist attacks on nuclear power plants; Genehmigungsrechtliche Fragen terroristischer Angriffe auf Kernkraftwerke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Danwitz, T. von

    2002-07-01

    The terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in September 2001 has prompted enhanced nuclear risk awareness among the German population. But in the current public debate about the safety of nuclear power plants in Germany in times of new dimensions of danger, aspects such as the role of the constitutional law, the German Atomic Energy Act, and the regulatory system governing nuclear power plant licensing in the context of protection and safety have not been addressed. The author therefore discusses the German nuclear power plant licensing law and administrative regime, elaborating on the significance attributed in those bodies of law to risks like terrorist attacks on nuclear power plants. (orig./CB) [German] Das allgemeine Risiko von terroristischen Anschlaegen auf Kernkraftwerke ist durch die Ereignisse vom 11. September 2001 wieder verstaerkt in das Bewusstsein der Oeffentlichkeit getreten. Die verfassungsrechtlichen Grundlagen und die atomgesetzliche Einordnung der Risiken von terroristischen Angriffen auf kerntechnische Anlagen bleiben jedoch in der aktuellen Diskussion weithin ungeklaert. Der Beitrag unternimmt es daher, die verfassungs- und verwaltungsrechtliche Bedeutung der Risiken terroristischer Angriffe auf Kernkraftwerke in atomrechtlichen Genehmigungsverfahren zu untersuchen. (orig./CB)

  2. Lernen Wir Deutsch: Part I, German.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in German for use with "Lernen Wir Deutsch: Part 1" focus on the development of basic skills through the use of short dialogues and structured exercises. The contents of this guide focus on: (1) course description, (2) broad goals and performance objectives,…

  3. Lernen Wir Deutsch!: Part 2, German.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in German for use with "Lernen Wir Deutsch: Part 2" focus on development of basic skills through the use of short dialogues and structured exercises. The grammar of the course includes the study of nouns, pronouns, and verbs. Possessive determiners are…

  4. The German-German history of the nuclear power plant Greifswald. Nuclear power between east and west. 2. ed.; Die deutsch-deutsche Geschichte des Kernkraftwerkes Greifswald. Atomenergie zwischen Ost und West

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoegselius, Per [Technische Hochschule Stockholm (Sweden). Bereich Gesellschaft, Wissenschaft und Technik

    2015-07-01

    The historical study covers the chapters The nuclear power plant Greifswald; Lubmin shortly before the ''Wende'' 1989; the German ''Wende''; from the last vote for the ''Volkskammer (parliament of the German Democratic Republic) to the German reunification; Lubmin in reunified Germany; conclusions and perspectives. In the attachment technical data about the reactors WWER-440/W-230 are summarized, including a list of WWERs in the former eastern bloc countries.

  5. Deutsche Modalpartikeln und chinesische Yuqi-Ci

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于豪

    2010-01-01

    @@ Meistens wird Chinesisch als eine isolierende Sprache betrachtet,weil es keine rechte Grammatik in Europaer's Sinn gibt und sehr begriffsorientiert ist.Es ist ideographisch,d.h.jedem Begriff ist ein Schriftzeichen zugeordnet.Besonders hinsichtlich der Morphologie und der Syntax weisen Deutsch und Chinesisch nur ganz wenige Vergleichsmoglichkeiten auf.Trotzdem gibt es solche Wortart zwischen beiden Sprachen,nahmlich Modalpartikle,die er-staunlichen A hnlichkeiten haben und sich ziemlich gut miteinander vergleichen lassen konnen.Obwohl die Anzahl derartigen Untersuchungen insgesamt jedoch eher gering ist,scheint eine kontrastive Analyse nicht nur moglich,sondem auch sinnvoll zu sein.

  6. Quantum Guessing via Deutsch-Jozsa

    OpenAIRE

    Nathanson, Michael

    2003-01-01

    We examine the "Guessing Secrets" problem arising in internet routing, in which the goal is to discover two or more objects from a known finite set. We propose a quantum algorithm using O(1) calls to an O(logN) oracle. This improves upon the best known classical result, which uses O(logN) questions and requires an additional O(logN^3) steps to produce the answer. In showing the possibilities of this algorithm, we extend the types of questions and function oracles that the Deutsch-Jozsa algori...

  7. Neues aus dem Forschungsfeld Deutsch als Zweitsprache. Sammelrezension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claus Altmayer

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Neues aus dem Forschungsfeld Deutsch als Zweitsprache. Sammelrezension (Teil 2 von Bernt Ahrenholz (Hrsg. (2009, Empirische Befunde zu DaZ-Erwerb und Sprachförderung. Beiträge aus dem 3. ‚Workshop Kinder mit Migrationshintergrund‘; Karen Schramm & Christoph Schröder (Hrsg. (2009, Empirische Zugänge zu Spracherwerb und Sprachförderung in Deutsch als Zweitsprache; Stefan Jeuk (2010, Deutsch als Zweitsprache in der Schule. Grundlagen - Diagnose – Förderung

  8. KLE annual report 1987. Kernkraftwerke Lippe-Ems GmbH (KLE). Bericht ueber das Geschaeftsjahr 1987

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-01-01

    The KLE utility's project since 1982 is the Emsland reactor station. Construction and assembly work could be almost completed in 1987. Pressure testing of the primary loop was done in March; in May the third partial licence was issued, so that commissioning work could be started: The thermal test phase 1 began on September 14, and on October 3 the turbo-generator set was first switched to the 380 kV grid of VEW. The fuel elements for the first reactor core were supplied and after temporary storage in the fuel element pond, loading of the core was done in February/March 1988. The utility's natural uranium stocks amounted to about 509 t after the natural uranium for fuel element fabrication of the first core had been supplied. The continuing downward trend of market prices for nuclear fuels required depreciations and reserves to be made in the nuclear fuel sector acounting to DM 104 millions. Interest expense for outside financing of the Emsland reactor project, amounting to DM 188 millions, have had a major influence on the financial situation in the reporting year. An annual loss of DM 354 millions had to be compensated, which was done within the framework of existing agreements with the Kraftwerksverwaltungs-oHG, Vereinigte Elektrizitaetswerke Westfalen AG, and ELEKTROMARK Kommunales Elektrizitaetswerk Mark AG, Vereinigung der Gesellschafter der Kernkraftwerke Lippe-Ems. The operating personnel is now almost complete and covers 209 persons.

  9. Re-Purposing an OER for the Online Language Course: A Case Study of "Deutsch Interaktiv" by the Deutsche Welle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Edward M.; Hondo, Junko

    2014-01-01

    This paper will describe pedagogical approaches for re-purposing an open educational resource (OER) designed and produced by the Deutsche Welle. This free online program, "Deutsch Interaktiv," consists of authentic digital videos, slideshows and audio texts and gives a contemporary overview of the culture and language in Germany, Austria…

  10. Re-Purposing an OER for the Online Language Course: A Case Study of "Deutsch Interaktiv" by the Deutsche Welle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Edward M.; Hondo, Junko

    2014-01-01

    This paper will describe pedagogical approaches for re-purposing an open educational resource (OER) designed and produced by the Deutsche Welle. This free online program, "Deutsch Interaktiv," consists of authentic digital videos, slideshows and audio texts and gives a contemporary overview of the culture and language in Germany, Austria…

  11. Obituary: Lynne Karen Deutsch, 1954-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprague, Ann L.

    2004-12-01

    It is with deep sadness and regret that we note the passing of our dear friend and colleague Prof. Lynne K. Deutsch. Lynne died on 2 April 2004 after a protracted illness and lengthy battle with complications caused by the blood disease Polycythaemia Vera. Lynne was born in Chicago on 26 November 1956 to Victor and Ailsa Deutsch. She lived with her family in the town of Morton Grove, IL until she was 8 years old, when they moved to Beverly Hills, CA. She was an outgoing child who played basketball and excelled in her studies. She graduated from Beverly Hills High School at the age of 16 after completing all high school requirements in only three years. Lynne had a beautiful singing voice, and was in the chorus in high school and college. Lynne earned her first bachelor's degree in philosophy from the University of California at Berkeley in 1977. She then returned to Berkeley and received a second bachelor's degree, this time in physics, in 1981. She was a graduate student and teaching assistant at MIT and earned an MS in physics from MIT in 1983. Lynne then attended the astronomy graduate program at Harvard University, where she earned her MA in 1985 and PhD in 1990. During her degree studies she began crafting mid-infrared instrumentation. These instruments were destined to be used by a host of eager observers to discover, identify, and study many emissions from the Solar System, and galactic and extragalactic sources. Lynne was a National Research Council Post-doctoral Fellow at NASA Ames Research Center from 1990 - 1992, where she played an important role in the development of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory/University of Arizona Mid-Infrared Array Camera (MIRAC), a well-known and much sought after instrument frequently used in studies of Mercury, Jupiter, the Moon, planetary nebulae, star formation regions, galactic center, young stellar objects, and extragalactic objects. After leaving NASA Ames Research Center, Lynne taught for several years (1993

  12. Deutsch als "leicht zu erlernende Fremdsprache"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurtz, Gunde

    2005-01-01

    die Nutzung leichter Stellen im Mittelpunkt (3. Dabei werden einige Kandidaten benannt, die sowohl aus vorliegenden Forschungsergebnissen als auch aus Beobachtungen in Alltag und Fremdsprachenunterricht (FSU gewonnen wurden. Die so gewonnenen Einsichten sind als Arbeitshypothesen und somit als im Wandel begriffen zu verstehen.Ich möchte mit diesem Beitrag einladen zu einer neuen Perspektive auf das Deutsche als Fremdsprache, und zwar mit der Absicht etwas zu verändern:"Applied linguistics is not simply a matter of matching up findings about language with pre-existing problems but of using findings to explore how the perception of problems might be changed. It may be that when problems are reformulated from a different point of view they become more amenable to solution. This changed perception may then, in turn, have implications for linguistics." (Cook : 2003: 10Mein Ziel ist erreicht, wenn sich vorliegende Fragestellung als Schlüssel zu verbesserter DaF-Unterrichtspraxis ("problems [...] become more amenable to solution" erweist. Falls sie sogar "implications for linguistics" zeitigt, umso besser.

  13. Remembering Albert deutsch, an advocate for mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Kenneth J

    2011-12-01

    Albert Deutsch, journalist, advocate for the mentally ill, and honorary APA Fellow died 50 years ago. Author of The Mentally Ill in America and The Shame of the States, he believed in the obligation of individuals and institutions to advocate for patients. In 1961, he was in the midst of a vast project to assess the state of the art in psychiatric research. This article recalls aspects of Deutsch's life and work and places him in the historical context of individuals who have shown great compassion for disabled persons.

  14. German financial media's responsiveness to Deutsche Bank's cultural change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strauß, N.

    2015-01-01

    Based on first-order and second-order agenda building theory, this study analyzes the responsiveness of German financial media to frames of the "cultural change" proclaimed in the banking industry, exemplified by Deutsche Bank. Findings suggest a difference between the two major German financial med

  15. Kinder Lernen Deutsch. Materials Project Part I. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of Teachers of German.

    The Kinder Lernen Deutsch (LKD) materials evaluation project identifies materials appropriate for the elementary school German classrooms in grades K-8. This guide consists of an annotated bibliography, with ratings, of these materials. The guiding principles by which the materials were assessed were: use of the communicative approach; integration…

  16. THE DEUTSCH MODEL--INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENTAL STUDIES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York Univ., NY. Inst. for Developmental Studies.

    THE DEUTSCH INTERVENTION MODEL IS BASED ON THE THEORY THAT ENVIRONMENT PLAYS A MAJOR ROLE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE SKILLS AND OF FUNCTIONAL USE OF INTELLECTUAL CAPABILITIES. DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN HAVE INTELLECTUAL DEFICITS WHICH MAY BE OVERCOME BY USE OF MATCHED REMEDIAL MEASURES. LANGUAGE SKILLS AND MOTIVATION CAN BE IMPROVED BY TEACHING…

  17. Kinder Lernen Deutsch Materials Evaluation Project: Grades K-8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of Teachers of German.

    The Kinder Lernen Deutsch (Children Learn German) project, begun in 1987, is designed to promote German as a second language in grades K-8. The project is premised on the idea that the German program will contribute to the total development of the child and the child's personality. Included in this guide are a selection of recommended core…

  18. An Applied Methodology for the Use of "Deutsch, Erstes Buch."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimler, G. Richard

    Discussion of teaching methods used with the text, "Deutsch, Erstes Buch" by Hugo Mueller, focuses on practical approaches to the problem of teaching culture through the spoken language and the use of pattern practice. While concentrating on Chapter Eight, "In der Sommerfrische," discussion is presented in subdivisions characteristic of every…

  19. Quantum Cryptography Based on the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagata, Koji; Nakamura, Tadao; Farouk, Ahmed

    2017-09-01

    Recently, secure quantum key distribution based on Deutsch's algorithm using the Bell state is reported (Nagata and Nakamura, Int. J. Theor. Phys. doi: 10.1007/s10773-017-3352-4, 2017). Our aim is of extending the result to a multipartite system. In this paper, we propose a highly speedy key distribution protocol. We present sequre quantum key distribution based on a special Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm using Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states. Bob has promised to use a function f which is of one of two kinds; either the value of f( x) is constant for all values of x, or else the value of f( x) is balanced, that is, equal to 1 for exactly half of the possible x, and 0 for the other half. Here, we introduce an additional condition to the function when it is balanced. Our quantum key distribution overcomes a classical counterpart by a factor O(2 N ).

  20. Measurement Theory in Deutsch's Algorithm Based on the Truth Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagata, Koji; Nakamura, Tadao

    2016-08-01

    We propose a new measurement theory, in qubits handling, based on the truth values, i.e., the truth T (1) for true and the falsity F (0) for false. The results of measurement are either 0 or 1. To implement Deutsch's algorithm, we need both observability and controllability of a quantum state. The new measurement theory can satisfy these two. Especially, we systematically describe our assertion based on more mathematical analysis using raw data in a thoughtful experiment.

  1. 125 years German Meteorological Association; 125 Jahre Deutsche Meteorologische Gesellschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tetzlaff, Gerd [Leipzig Univ. (DE). Inst. fuer Meteorologie (LIM); Luedecke, Cornelia [International Commission on History of Meteorology, Muenchen (Germany); Behr, Hein Dieter (eds.)

    2008-07-01

    The book includes lectures on the historical development of the German Meteorological Association (Deutsche Meteorologische Gesellschaft DMG) from the year of foundation 1875 until 2005, taking into account the meteorological association in Western Germany (DMG) and in the German Democratic Republic (MG) after World War II, the reunion of DMG and DM. One of the contributions describes the history of the meteorological journal (Meteorologische Zeitschrift).

  2. State of roadway supports in the mines of RAG Deutsche Steinkohle; Stand des Streckenausbaus bei der RAG Deutsche Steinkohle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Opolony, Klaus [RAG Deutsche Steinkohle AG, Herne (Germany). Servicebereich Technik und Logistikdienste

    2011-03-15

    The drivage of roadways in the mines of RAG Deutsche Steinkohle poses a new major economic challenge every year. In 2009 about 500 Mio. Euro were invested in the preparatory work for development and gate roads. The roadway supports in gate road drivages are described in the contribution. These roadways and their support concepts are the basic prerequisite to ensure efficient coal extraction. About 90% of the total roadway drivages are undertaken in the seam horizon as spine and gate roads. (orig.)

  3. Quantum computation with classical light: The Deutsch Algorithm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Garcia, Benjamin [Photonics and Mathematical Optics Group, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Monterrey 64849 (Mexico); University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050 (South Africa); Francis, Jason [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000 (South Africa); McLaren, Melanie [University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050 (South Africa); Hernandez-Aranda, Raul I. [Photonics and Mathematical Optics Group, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Monterrey 64849 (Mexico); Forbes, Andrew [University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050 (South Africa); Konrad, Thomas, E-mail: konradt@ukzn.ac.za [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000 (South Africa); National Institute of Theoretical Physics, Durban Node, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000 (South Africa)

    2015-08-28

    We present an implementation of the Deutsch Algorithm using linear optical elements and laser light. We encoded two quantum bits in form of superpositions of electromagnetic fields in two degrees of freedom of the beam: its polarisation and orbital angular momentum. Our approach, based on a Sagnac interferometer, offers outstanding stability and demonstrates that optical quantum computation is possible using classical states of light. - Highlights: • We implement the Deutsh Algorithm using linear optical elements and classical light. • Our qubits are encoded in the polarisation and orbital angular momentum of the beam. • We show that it is possible to achieve quantum computation with two qubits in the classical domain of light.

  4. Die Übersetzung von RDA ins Deutsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Oehlschläger

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Deutsch soll weiterhin die Ansetzungs- und Arbeitssprache bei der Erschliessung in Deutschland, Österreich und der deutschsprachigen Schweiz bleiben. Dieser Beschluss des Standardisierungsausschusses ist eine der Grundlagen für die Übersetzung des Standards Resource Description and Access (RDA ins Deutsche. Im folgenden Beitrag werden die Hintergründe, die Herangehensweise und verschiedene Aspekte erläutert, die zur Vorbereitung und Umsetzung der Übersetzung notwendig waren. Dabei werden auch Schwierigkeiten benannt, die während dieses Prozesses aufgetreten sind. German shall remain the working language for cataloguers in Germany, Austria and the German-speaking parts of Switzerland. Amongst others, this agreement of the Committee for Library Standards is the basis for the translation of the standard Resource Description and Access (RDA into German. The article below explains the approach and the various aspects necessary to prepare the translation and the real translation work. It also names issues arising during the translation process.

  5. Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan Meets with Michael Cohrs, CEO of Corporate & Investment Banking of Deutsche Bank

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>Invited by the CPAFFC, Michael Cohrs, Chief Executive Officer of the Corporate and Investment Banking of Deutsche Bank, visited Beijing from February 26 to 28, 2004. Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan of the State Council met with Cohrs and his party. Deutsche Bank AG, a global multipurpose bank

  6. Lifetime extension of nuclear power plants. Exclusive competence of the Bundestag?; Laufzeitverlaengerung fuer Kernkraftwerke. Entscheidung zwischen Bundestag und Bundesrat?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scholz, Rupert [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Politik und oeffentliches Recht

    2010-05-15

    With the Act on the structured phase-out of the utilisation of nuclear energy for the commercial generation of electricity (Gesetz zur geordneten Beendigung der Kernenergienutzung zur gewerblichen Erzeugung von Elektrizitaet) of 22 April 2002 (Federal Gazette I p. 1351), the ''nuclear power phase-out'' was implemented into law. Ever since then, section 7 (1a) of the Atomic Energy Act (Atomgesetz - AtG) has provided that the authorisation to operate a nuclear power plant expires once the electricity volume for the respective installation as listed in Appendix 3, column 2 or the electricity volume derived from transfers has been produced. The coalition treaty of the current government factions provides for extending the operating periods of nuclear power plants. To this end, paragraphs 1a to 1d of section 7 AtG could be repealed, thus restoring the legal status prevailing prior to the ''phase-out''. As an alternative it would be conceivable to increase the values set forth in Appendix 3 for the energy volume quantity of a given installation accordingly. Both alternatives require an amendment of the Atomic Energy Act, over which the Deutsche Bundestag has exclusive competence. This is stated in the Grundgesetz (Constitution). Such a amendment would not require the consent of the Bundesrat, since the administrative tasks assigned to the Federal States (Laender) on behalf of the Federal Government pursuant to sec. 7, 24 (2) AtG would not be changing in a qualitative sense. Consequently, it would not constitute interference with the administrative powers of the Federal States from an organizational or procedural point of view. The quantitative change in the tasks to be performed by the Federal States on behalf of the Federal Government that would accompany an extension of the operating periods would not lead to a right of consent on the part of the Bundesrat pursuant to Art. 87c of the Grundgesetz. (orig.)

  7. [Ulrike Plath. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands] / Olaf Mertelsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mertelsmann, Olaf, 1969-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Plath, Ulrike. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands: Freundheitskonstruktionen, lebenswelten, Kolonialphantasien 1750-1810 (Veröffenlichungen des Nordost-Instituts, Bd. 11.)Harrasowitz. Wiesbaden 2011

  8. [Ulrike Plath. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands] / Olaf Mertelsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mertelsmann, Olaf, 1969-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Plath, Ulrike. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands: Freundheitskonstruktionen, lebenswelten, Kolonialphantasien 1750-1810 (Veröffenlichungen des Nordost-Instituts, Bd. 11.)Harrasowitz. Wiesbaden 2011

  9. The Metaphysics of {D-CTCs}: On the Underlying Assumptions of {Deutsch}'s Quantum Solution to the Paradoxes of Time Travel

    CERN Document Server

    Dunlap, Lucas

    2015-01-01

    I argue that Deutsch's model for the behavior of systems traveling around closed timelike curves (CTCs) relies implicitly on a substantive metaphysical assumption. Deutsch is employing a version of quantum theory with a significantly supplemented ontology of parallel existent worlds, which differ in kind from the many worlds of the Everett interpretation. Standard Everett does not support the existence of multiple identical copies of the world, which the D-CTC model requires. This has been obscured because he often refers to the branching structure of Everett as a "multiverse'', and describes quantum interference by reference to parallel interacting definite worlds. But he admits that this is only an approximation to Everett. The D-CTC model, however, relies crucially on the existence of a multiverse of parallel interacting worlds. Since his model is supplemented by structures that go significantly beyond quantum theory, and play an ineliminable role in its predictions and explanations, it does not represent ...

  10. Quantum entanglement in the NMR implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Arvind; Kavita Dorai; Anil Kumar

    2001-05-01

    A scheme to execute an -bit Deutsch-Jozsa (DJ) algorithm using qubits has been implemented for up to three cubits on an NMR quantum computer. For the one- and the two-bit Deutsch problem, the qubits do not get entangled, and the NMR implementation is achieved without using spin-spin interactions. It is for the three-bit case, that the manipulation of entangled states becomes essential. The interactions through scalar -couplings in NMR spin systems have been exploited to implement entangling transformations required for the three bit DJ algorithm.

  11. Graphene-based room-temperature implementation of a modified Deutsch-Jozsa quantum algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragoman, Daniela; Dragoman, Mircea

    2015-12-04

    We present an implementation of a one-qubit and two-qubit modified Deutsch-Jozsa quantum algorithm based on graphene ballistic devices working at room temperature. The modified Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm decides whether a function, equivalent to the effect of an energy potential distribution on the wave function of ballistic charge carriers, is constant or not, without measuring the output wave function. The function need not be Boolean. Simulations confirm that the algorithm works properly, opening the way toward quantum computing at room temperature based on the same clean-room technologies as those used for fabrication of very-large-scale integrated circuits.

  12. Two Thematic Units for the Middle School Curriculum: An Initiative by the "Kinder lernen Deutsch" Steering Committee's Writing Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busch, Iris; Freimann-Cavanaugh, Corinna; Eichler, Ester

    2009-01-01

    The Kinder lernen Deutsch Committee (KLD) is a standing committee of the AATG that has existed since 1987 and that was originally charged to support the advocacy of German in grades K-8. With generous funding by the Standige Arbeitsgruppe Deutsch als Fremdsprache (StADaF) from the German government and the Goethe-Institut, the Kinder lernen…

  13. Two Thematic Units for the Middle School Curriculum: An Initiative by the "Kinder lernen Deutsch" Steering Committee's Writing Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busch, Iris; Freimann-Cavanaugh, Corinna; Eichler, Ester

    2009-01-01

    The Kinder lernen Deutsch Committee (KLD) is a standing committee of the AATG that has existed since 1987 and that was originally charged to support the advocacy of German in grades K-8. With generous funding by the Standige Arbeitsgruppe Deutsch als Fremdsprache (StADaF) from the German government and the Goethe-Institut, the Kinder lernen…

  14. Test of different measures for the prevention of scaling in the cooling system of Grohnde nuclear power plant; Test verschiedener Massnahmen zur Verhuetung von Kalkablagerungen im Kuehlsystem des Kernkraftwerks Grohnde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Czolkoss, W. [Taprogge GmbH, Wetter (Germany); Jacobi, G.; Schueler, A. [Gemeinschaftskernkraftwerk Grohnde GmbH, Emmerthal (Germany); Fichte, W. [Allianz-Zentrum fuer Technik GmbH (AZT), Ismaning (Germany)

    2002-07-01

    In the cooling system of the Grohnde Nuclear Power Plant, heavy calcium carbonate precipitations have occurred in the turbine condenser and in the cooling tower since 1994. Those precipitations cause performance losses and high cleaning costs. Reasons for the intensified precipitation are apparently the biologically upgraded water quality of the river Weser, as well as specific operational conditions of the cooling system (partial recirculation of cooling water). It was noticed that the formation of calcium carbonate deposits occurred within a limited period of less than two weeks in May. The calcium precipitation was that strong during this time that it could not be stopped despite the immediate application of corundum cleaning balls in the tube cleaning system. (orig.) [German] Im Kuehlsystem des Kernkraftwerks Grohnde kommt es seit 1994 zu starken Kalkausfaellungen im Turbinenkondensator und im Kuehlturm, die Leistungsverluste und hohe Reinigungskosten verursachen. Das Auftreten der Kalkabscheidungen haengt offensichtlich mit der oekologisch verbesserten Wasserqualitaet der Weser und spezifischen Betriebsbedingungen des Kuehlsystems zusammen. Die Auswertung der Betriebsmessdaten des Kuehlwassers zeigt, dass eine der Ursachen der zeitlich begrenzten, extremen Kalkabscheidung im Kuehlsystem offenbar das Wachstum von Mikroorganismen in der Weser ist, aus der das Kuehlsystem gespeist wird. (orig.)

  15. Managing conflict in Dutch organizations: A test of the relevance of DeutschUs cooperation theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.K.W. de Dreu; D. Tjosvold

    1997-01-01

    Deutsch's theory of cooperative and competitive conflict may be usefully extended to Dutch people. Results of LISREL analyses on data collected from interviews of Dutch employees in 2 companies indicate that competitive goals interfered with the open, constructive discussion of opposing views. Howev

  16. Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache and the Oral Proficiency Interview: A Comparison of Test Scores and Examinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalande, John F.; Schweckendiek, Jurgen

    1986-01-01

    Investigates what correlations might exist between an individual's score on the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache and on the Oral Proficiency Interview. The tests themselves are briefly described. Results indicate that the two tests appear to correlate well in their evaluation of speaking skills. (SED)

  17. Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache and the Oral Proficiency Interview: A Comparison of Test Scores and Examinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalande, John F.; Schweckendiek, Jurgen

    1986-01-01

    Investigates what correlations might exist between an individual's score on the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache and on the Oral Proficiency Interview. The tests themselves are briefly described. Results indicate that the two tests appear to correlate well in their evaluation of speaking skills. (SED)

  18. The Place of "Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache" in the German Curriculum. A Report of a Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Gerd K.

    The "Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache," an examination developed by the Adult Education Centers in West Germany and the Goethe Institute to measure a student's proficiency in German as a foreign language, consists of two main parts, group testing and individual testing. The group testing section covers listening and reading…

  19. IT Tools for Foresight: The Integrated Insight and Response System of Deutsche Telekom Innovation Laboratories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Thom, Nico; Arnold, Heinrich

    2015-01-01

    In this article we present and discuss the IT tools that Deutsche Telekom Innovation Laboratories use to support their corporate foresight activities. These tools are integrated into an approach that encompasses the discovery of change, interpretation, and triggering managerial responses. The ove......In this article we present and discuss the IT tools that Deutsche Telekom Innovation Laboratories use to support their corporate foresight activities. These tools are integrated into an approach that encompasses the discovery of change, interpretation, and triggering managerial responses....... The overall system consists of a tool for scanning for weak signals on change (PEACOQ Scouting Tool), a tool for collecting internal ideas (PEACOQ Gate 0.5), and a tool for triggering organizational responses (Foresight Landing page). Particularly the link to innovation management and R&D strategy...

  20. Karl Deutsch y su contribución al estudio de las Relaciones Internacionales

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Sánchez, Rafael

    2011-01-01

    Este artículo presenta una reseña, y no intenta ser más que eso, de la vida y obra del cientista político Karl Deutsch. Así, presenta aspectos biográficos de la vida de Deutsch. Su extraordinaria y muy activa vida académica. Sus análisis y aportes a las ciencias políticas y las Relaciones Internacionales, poniendo el énfasis en las críticas que hace al realismo político y en su contribución teórica y metodológica al estudio de la integración regional.

  1. IT Tools for Foresight: The Integrated Insight and Response System of Deutsche Telekom Innovation Laboratories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Thom, Nico; Arnold, Heinrich

    2015-01-01

    In this article we present and discuss the IT tools that Deutsche Telekom Innovation Laboratories use to support their corporate foresight activities. These tools are integrated into an approach that encompasses the discovery of change, interpretation, and triggering managerial responses. The ove......In this article we present and discuss the IT tools that Deutsche Telekom Innovation Laboratories use to support their corporate foresight activities. These tools are integrated into an approach that encompasses the discovery of change, interpretation, and triggering managerial responses....... The overall system consists of a tool for scanning for weak signals on change (PEACOQ Scouting Tool), a tool for collecting internal ideas (PEACOQ Gate 0.5), and a tool for triggering organizational responses (Foresight Landing page). Particularly the link to innovation management and R&D strategy...

  2. Review: Larissa Förster, Postkoloniale Erinnerungslandschaften. Wie Deutsche und Herero in Namibia des Kriegs von 1904 gedenken (2010 Buchbesprechung: Larissa Förster, Postkoloniale Erinnerungslandschaften. Wie Deutsche und Herero in Namibia des Kriegs von 1904 gedenken (2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinhart Kößler

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of the Monograph: Larissa Förster (2010, Postkoloniale Erinnerungslandschaften. Wie Deutsche und Herero in Namibia des Kriegs von 1904 gedenken, Frankfurt am Main & New York: Campus, ISBN 978-3-593-39160-1, 391 pages. Besprechung der Monographie: Larissa Förster (2010, Postkoloniale Erinnerungslandschaften. Wie Deutsche und Herero in Namibia des Kriegs von 1904 gedenken, Frankfurt am Main & New York: Campus, ISBN 978-3-593-39160-1, 391 Seiten.

  3. Experimental realization of Deutsch's algorithm in a one-way quantum computer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tame, M S; Prevedel, R; Paternostro, M; Böhi, P; Kim, M S; Zeilinger, A

    2007-04-06

    We report the first experimental demonstration of an all-optical one-way implementation of Deutsch's quantum algorithm on a four-qubit cluster state. All the possible configurations of a balanced or constant function acting on a two-qubit register are realized within the measurement-based model for quantum computation. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with the theoretical model, therefore demonstrating the successful performance of the algorithm.

  4. Implementation of Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm with Superconducting Quantum-Interference Devices via Raman Transition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAN Zhi-Ming

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, a theoretical scheme is proposed to implement the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm with SQUIDs (superconducting quantum-interference devices) in cavity via Raman transition. The scheme only requires a quantized cavity field and classical microwave pulses. In this scheme, no transfer of quantum information between the SQUIDs and the cavity is required, the cavity field is only virtually excited and thus the cavity decay is suppressed.

  5. Geschlecht als Modernisierungsfaktor deutsch-jüdischer Identitäten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margret Karsch

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Der Sammelband Deutsch-jüdische Geschichte als Geschlechtergeschichte. Studien zum 19. und 20. Jahrhundert beleuchtet die Relevanz der Kategorie „Geschlecht“ für den historischen Verlauf von Akkulturation, Verbürgerlichung und Säkularisierung. Dabei erweist sich die Familie als Schnittstelle der Umbruchsprozesse, in denen jüdische Identitäten und das Verhältnis zur Mehrheitsgesellschaft ausgehandelt wurden.

  6. Geschlecht als Modernisierungsfaktor deutsch-jüdischer Identitäten

    OpenAIRE

    Margret Karsch

    2006-01-01

    Der Sammelband Deutsch-jüdische Geschichte als Geschlechtergeschichte. Studien zum 19. und 20. Jahrhundert beleuchtet die Relevanz der Kategorie „Geschlecht“ für den historischen Verlauf von Akkulturation, Verbürgerlichung und Säkularisierung. Dabei erweist sich die Familie als Schnittstelle der Umbruchsprozesse, in denen jüdische Identitäten und das Verhältnis zur Mehrheitsgesellschaft ausgehandelt wurden.

  7. Quantum computation with classical light: implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Perez-Garcia, Benjamin; Goyal, Sandeep K; Hernandez-Aranda, Raul I; Forbes, Andrew; Konrad, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    We propose an optical implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm using classical light in a binary decision-tree scheme. Our approach uses a ring cavity and linear optical devices in order to efficiently quarry the oracle functional values. In addition, we take advantage of the intrinsic Fourier transforming properties of a lens to read out whether the function given by the oracle is balanced or constant.

  8. Scheme for implementing the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm in cavity QED

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Shi-Biao

    2004-09-01

    We propose a scheme for realizing the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm in cavity QED. The scheme is based on the resonant interaction of atoms with a cavity mode. The required experimental techniques are within the scope of what can be obtained in the microwave cavity QED setup. The experimental implementation of the scheme would be an important step toward more complex quantum computation in cavity QED.

  9. HISTORIA DE LAS ESTRATEGIAS PERIODISTICAS DEL PERIODICO VALDIVIA’S DEUTSCHE ZEITUNG, 1886-1912

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Bernedo Pinto

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the strategies applied by the editors of Valdivia’s Deutsche Zeitung, a German language newspaper in Valdivia (Chile, between 1886 and 1912. It seeks to explain the reasons behind the success or failure of these strategies and the social, political and economic elements involved. The author concludes that the closure of this paper was due to the inability to find a journalistics strategy in tune with the news interests of its readers

  10. [CME activities of medical journals: quality of multiple-choice questions as evaluation tool. Using the example of the German medical journals Deutsches Arzteblatt, Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, and Der Internist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kühne-Eversmann, Lisa; Nussbaum, Claudia; Reincke, Martin; Fischer, Martin R

    2007-12-15

    The participation of doctors in Continuing Medical Education (CME) activities provided by medical journals increases. Therefore, their quality and efficacy need to be evaluated. This study evaluated the quality of the multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as evaluation tool of CME activities in three German medical journals (Der Internist, Deutsches Arzteblatt, Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift). In total, 390 MCQs were reviewed using evidence-based principles of effective item writing. The content quality of the MCQs was not evaluated in this study. 264 (67.7%) of 390 MCQs contained flaws with 449 flaws in total. The proportion of flawed items was 60.8% in Deutsches Arzteblatt, 63.3% in Der Internist, and 77.9% in Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift. The most frequent flaws were clues (33.8%, Deutsches Arzteblatt), negatively worded stems (29.8%, Der Internist), and unfocused stems (24.7%, Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift). SCHLUSSFOLGERUNG: The problem of formal flaws in MCQs has an extensive relevance, as seen by the large number of studies related to this topic. The frequency of flaws (67.7%) was similar to recent studies. The distribution of the flaws suggests that with minor editing the quality of the MCQs could be substantially improved. The use of high-quality evaluation tools is essential to invalidate the accusation of the trivialization of CME activities, irrespective of their social context.

  11. Implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm on an ion-trap quantum computer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulde, Stephan; Riebe, Mark; Lancaster, Gavin P T; Becher, Christoph; Eschner, Jürgen; Häffner, Hartmut; Schmidt-Kaler, Ferdinand; Chuang, Isaac L; Blatt, Rainer

    2003-01-02

    Determining classically whether a coin is fair (head on one side, tail on the other) or fake (heads or tails on both sides) requires an examination of each side. However, the analogous quantum procedure (the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm) requires just one examination step. The Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm has been realized experimentally using bulk nuclear magnetic resonance techniques, employing nuclear spins as quantum bits (qubits). In contrast, the ion trap processor utilises motional and electronic quantum states of individual atoms as qubits, and in principle is easier to scale to many qubits. Experimental advances in the latter area include the realization of a two-qubit quantum gate, the entanglement of four ions, quantum state engineering and entanglement-enhanced phase estimation. Here we exploit techniques developed for nuclear magnetic resonance to implement the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm on an ion-trap quantum processor, using as qubits the electronic and motional states of a single calcium ion. Our ion-based implementation of a full quantum algorithm serves to demonstrate experimental procedures with the quality and precision required for complex computations, confirming the potential of trapped ions for quantum computation.

  12. Efficient classical simulation of the Deutsch-Jozsa and Simon's algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansson, Niklas; Larsson, Jan-Åke

    2017-09-01

    A long-standing aim of quantum information research is to understand what gives quantum computers their advantage. This requires separating problems that need genuinely quantum resources from those for which classical resources are enough. Two examples of quantum speed-up are the Deutsch-Jozsa and Simon's problem, both efficiently solvable on a quantum Turing machine, and both believed to lack efficient classical solutions. Here we present a framework that can simulate both quantum algorithms efficiently, solving the Deutsch-Jozsa problem with probability 1 using only one oracle query, and Simon's problem using linearly many oracle queries, just as expected of an ideal quantum computer. The presented simulation framework is in turn efficiently simulatable in a classical probabilistic Turing machine. This shows that the Deutsch-Jozsa and Simon's problem do not require any genuinely quantum resources, and that the quantum algorithms show no speed-up when compared with their corresponding classical simulation. Finally, this gives insight into what properties are needed in the two algorithms and calls for further study of oracle separation between quantum and classical computation.

  13. 50. Annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie. Abstracts; 50. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-09-15

    The volume on the 50th annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie includes the abstracts concerning the following issues: infectious central nervous system diseases, neurodegenerations, infarction, petrosal bone pathology, neurointerventions.

  14. Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan Meets with Michael Cohrs,CEO of Corporate & Investment Banking of Deutsche Bank

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LuHongwei

    2004-01-01

    Invited by the CPAFFC, Michael Cohrs, Chief Executive Officer of the Corporate and Investment Banking of Deutsche Bank, visited Beijing from February 26 to 28, 2004. Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan of the State Council met with Cohrs and his party.

  15. [Ulrike Plath. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands. Fremdheitskonstruktionen, Lebenswelten, Kolonialphantasien 1750-1850] / Lea Leppik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leppik, Lea, 1962-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Plath, Ulrike. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands. Fremdheitskonstruktionen, Lebenswelten, Kolonialphantasien 1750-1850 (Veröffentlichungen des Nordost-Institut, 11). Harrasowitz. Wiesbaden 2011.

  16. 49. Annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie. Abstracts; 49. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-10-15

    The conference proceedings of the 48. Annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie contain abstracts on the following issues: neuro-oncological imaging, multimodal imaging concepts, subcranial imaging, spinal codes, interventional neuroradiology.

  17. [Sven Jüngerkes. Deutsche Besatzungsverwaltung in Lettland 1941-1945. Eine Kommunikations- und Kulturgeschichte nationalsozialistischer Organisationen] / Toomas Hiio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Jüngerkes, Sven.Deutsche Besatzungsverwaltung in Lettland 1941-1945. Eine Kommunikations- und Kulturgeschichte nationalsozialistischer Organisationen (Historische Kulturwissenschaft, 15). (Konstanz: UVK Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 2010)

  18. [Ulrike Plath. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands. Fremdheitskonstruktionen, Lebenswelten, Kolonialphantasien 1750-1850] / Lea Leppik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leppik, Lea, 1962-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Plath, Ulrike. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands. Fremdheitskonstruktionen, Lebenswelten, Kolonialphantasien 1750-1850 (Veröffentlichungen des Nordost-Institut, 11). Harrasowitz. Wiesbaden 2011.

  19. Replacement of the feedwater pipe system in reactor building outside containment at the nuclear power plant Philippsburg; Austausch der Speisewasserleitung im Reaktorgebaeude ausserhalb SHB im Kernkraftwerk Philippsburg I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kessler, A. [Energie-Versorgung Schwaben AG, Stuttgart (Germany); Labes, M. [Siemens AG Unternehmensbereich KWU, Offenbach am Main (Germany); Schwenk, B. [Kernkraftwerk Philippsburg GmbH (Germany)

    1998-11-01

    After full replacement of the feedwater pipe system during the inspection period in 1997, combined with a modern materials, manufacturing and analysis concept, the entire pipe system of the water/steam cycle in the reactor building of KKP 1 now consists of high-toughness materials. The safety level of the entire plant has been increased by leaving aside postulation of F2 breaks in the reactor building and providing for protection against 0.1 leaks. Based on fluid-dynamic calculations for the cases of pump failure and pipe break, as well as pipe system calculations in 5 extensive calculation cycles, about 130 documents were filed for inspection and approval (excluding preliminary test documents on restraints). Points of main interest for safety analysis in this context were the optimised closing performance of the 3rd check valves and the integrity of the nozzle region at the RPV. (oirg./CB) [Deutsch] Durch den Restaustausch der Speisewasserleitungen in der Revision 1997, verbunden mit einem modernen Werkstoff-, Fertigungs- und Nachweiskonzept, sind im Reaktorgebaeude von KKP 1 in den Hauptleitungen des Wasser-Dampf-Kreislaufes nur noch hochzaehe Werkstoffe eingesetzt. Durch den Verzicht auf das Postulat von 2F-Bruechen im Reaktorgebaeude und durch die Auslegung gegen 0,1F-Lecks wird das Sicherheitsniveau der Anlage insgesamt gesteigert. Ausgehend von fluiddynamischen Berechnungen fuer Pumpenausfall und Rohrbruch sowie Rohrsystem-Berechnungen in 5 umfangreichen Berechnungskreisen wurden fuer die Genehmigung und Begutachtung ca. 130 Unterlagen (ohne Halterungs-Vorpruefunterlagen) eingereicht und vom Gutachter geprueft. Schwerpunkte der Nachweisfuehrung waren die Optimierung des Schliessverhaltens der 3. Rueckschlagarmaturen sowie der Integritaetsnachweis des RDB-Anschlusses. (orig./MM)

  20. ICE 3 and ICE-T: new railcar generation for the Deutsche Bahn; ICE 3 und ICE-T - neue Triebwagengeneration fuer die Deutsche Bahn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurz, H. [DB Reise und Touristik AG, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    1999-09-01

    Starting with the 1999 summer timetable the Deutsche Bahn AG (DB) put the first five tilting electric ICE railcars (ICE-T) into operation on the Gaeubahn between Stuttgart und Singen and onward to Zuerich. The journey between the two centres was shortened by 17 minutes to 2 hours and 45 minutes. Since June 1999 the first ICE 3 railcars, ordered mainly for the new Cologne-Rhine/Main line and cross-border service, have been on trial-running on DB tracks where after a short time speeds of more than 300 km/h were reached without problems. For the DB both vehicle types represent a new development stage in respect of its high-speed vehicles: - Introduction of the railcar concept with power distributed underfloor (traction, braking, on-board energy), - linking of ICE comfort and tilting with the ICE-T, - four-system technology for important power and train security systems in Europe with the ICE 3, - control concept on the basis of the Train Communication Network (TCN). (orig.) [German] Zum Beginn des Sommerfahrplans 1999 hat die Deutsche Bahn AG (DB) die ersten fuenf elektrischen ICE-Triebwagen (ICE-T) mit Neigetechnik auf der Gaeubahn zwischen Stuttgart und Singen und weiter nach Zuerich planmaessig eingesetzt. Die Fahrzeit zwischen den beiden Zentren verkuerzt sich dadurch um 17 Minuten auf jetzt noch 2 Stunden und 45 Minuten. Seit Juni 1999 fahren die ersten ICE 3-Triebwagen, die vorrangig fuer die Neubaustrecke Koeln-Rhein/Main und den grenzueberschreitenden Einsatz bestellt wurden, im Erprobungseinsatz auf Gleisen der DB, wo Geschwindigkeiten von ueber 300 km/h schon nach kurzer Zeit problemlos erreicht wurden. (orig.)

  1. Deutsche Wortpaare

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭彧

    2007-01-01

    在德语学习过程中,我们经常会碰到一些固定词组,比如:mit Kindund Kegel,durch dick und dünn等等。这些词组在德语中叫做Wortpaar,意思是”对偶词组”。它们的特点是:1.形式固定。一般就是这几个词一起出现,不能用别的词来代替其中的词。2.语音和谐。大部分这类词组都押头韵(Stabreim)或押尾韵(Endreim),读来琅琅上口,方便记忆。3.表达的意思是融合性的。也就是说,它们所表达的意义不是单就这几个单词义所组合起来的,而是整体上表示一种新的意义。

  2. Schreiben Deutsch

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Das DESI-Konstrukt Textproduktion ist in einer dreifachen theoretischen Verortung innerhalb der linguistischen Text-, Schreibprozess- und Schreibentwicklungsforschung, der Curriculumforschung und der empirischen Aufsatzforschung entstanden (vgl. Harsch u.a. 2007). Schreibfähigkeit wird dabei im Sinne der funktionalen Textlinguistik (Brinker 1988; deBeaugrande/Dressler 1981; Nussbaumer 1991) verstanden, bei der Texte als „komplex strukturierte, thematisch wie konzeptuell zusammenhängende sprac...

  3. Implementation of n-qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm using resonant interaction in cavity QED

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Hong-Fu; Zhang Shou

    2008-01-01

    We propose a scheme to implement the n-qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm based on resonant interaction between the atoms and a single-mode cavity. In the scheme, the resonant transitions between two ground states and one excited state of an atom are changed alternately by adjusting the cavity frequency appropriately, and the operations required to complete the algorithm can be significantly simplified following the increment of the number of qubits. The implementation of the scheme in experiment would show the full power of quantum algorithm and would be significative and important for more complicated quantum algorithm in cavity quantum electrodynamics.

  4. Deterministic implementations of single-photon multi-qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithms with linear optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Hai-Rui; Liu, Ji-Zhen

    2017-02-01

    It is very important to seek an efficient and robust quantum algorithm demanding less quantum resources. We propose one-photon three-qubit original and refined Deutsch-Jozsa algorithms with polarization and two linear momentums degrees of freedom (DOFs). Our schemes are constructed by solely using linear optics. Compared to the traditional ones with one DOF, our schemes are more economic and robust because the necessary photons are reduced from three to one. Our linear-optic schemes are working in a determinate way, and they are feasible with current experimental technology.

  5. Deutsche Bundespost/FTZ activities in the Olympus experimentation program: Ojectives and experiment set-ups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugert, M.

    1989-05-01

    The activities of the Telecommunications Engineering Center (FTZ) of the Deutsche Bundespost in the Olympus Experimentation Program are presented. The various communication experiments which are to be carried out in the framework of the GECO (Group of Experimenters of CEPT Administrations for Olympus) are described. These include: TV news gathering/TV distribution, teleseminar experiments, data distribution to microterminal experiments, SMS-TDMA (time division multiple access) experiments, and TDMA frequency diversity experiments. The applied experiment configurations and the layout and design of the transportable 20/30 GHz earth stations to be used in the experiments are described.

  6. Scheme for Implementing Refined Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm via Superconducing Qubits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ji-Qian; ZHENG Xiao-Hu; CHEN Han-Shuang; YU Ben-Li; WANG Mao-Sheng; ZHANG Gang; CAO Zhuo-Liang

    2008-01-01

    We propose a scheme of implementing the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm based on superconducing charge qubits, which would be a key step to scale more complex quantum algorithms and very important for constructing a real quantum computer via superconducting charge qubits. The present scheme is simple but fairly efficient, and easily manipulated because arbitrary two-qubit can be selectively and effectively coupled by a common inductance. More manipulations can be carried out before decoherence sets in. The proposed scheme is in line with current technology.

  7. Tel Aviver Jahrbuch für deutsche Geschichte, XXVII-1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Trimbur

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Although Israel has only one German department, in Jerusalem, German studies are flourishing in this country. Not only has the Israeli University system just been enhanced by a new center devoted to this field (in Beer Sheva, under Professor Frank Stern, the Institute of German  History of Tel Aviv University has confirmed its dynamism and capabilities for in-depth work with the publication of the new Tel Aviver Jahrbuch für deutsche Geschichte. Complementing the broad range of works publish...

  8. A postal history of the First World War in Africa and its aftermath - German colonies: III Deutsch-Südwestafrika (SWA)

    OpenAIRE

    Dietz, A.J.

    2015-01-01

    The 'Great War' had a major impact on Africa and that is visible in the post stamps used in the various postal territories in Africa. This paper discusses the postal offices, postal services, and stamps used in the German colony Deutsch-S dwestafrika (SWA) during the early twentieth century. For the postal history of the First World War in the German colonies Togo, Kamerun and Deutsch-Ostafrika/German East Africa (GEA), see the ASC working papers 116, 117 and 119.

  9. Die Behandlung von arbeitsbezogenen Problemen in deutsch-litauischen Geschäftstelefonaten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rūta Eidukevičienė

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Der Beitrag widmet sich einem bis jetzt in Litauen kaum untersuchten Thema, nämlich der deutsch-litauischen geschäftlichen Telefonkommunikation. Das gesamte Korpus besteht aus 42 Telefonaten. Den konkreten Untersuchungsgegenstand dieses Beitrags bildet ein authentisches deutsch-litauisches Geschäftstelefonat, in dem ein berufsbezogenes Problem bzw. ein problematischer Sachverhalt behandelt wird. Das Gespräch wird unternehmensintern im Rahmen einer fest etablierten Zusammenarbeit zwischen einer deutschen Mitarbeiterin des Stammhauses in Deutschland und einer litauischen Kollegin in der litauischen Niederlassung geführt. Bei der exemplarischen Analyse des Telefonats wird auf Ansätze der traditionellen amerikanischen Konversationsanalyse und der sich später im deutschsprachigen Raum etablierten Handlungsmusteranalyse zurückgegriffen. Auf dieser methodischen Grundlage werden die einzelnen Handlungssequenzen des Telefonats rekonstruiert und die von den Beteiligten zu bewältigenden Interaktionsaufgaben sowie deren Realisierung erläutert. Darüber hinaus wird deutlich gemacht, wie sich die Beteiligten am institutionellen und interkulturellen Kontext der Kommunikation orientieren bzw. inwieweit sie diese Kontexte als handlungsrelevant betrachten.

  10. Interkulturelle kommunikative Kompetenz – ein Versuch der Operationalisierung aus dem Fach Deutsch an der dänischen Lehrerausbildung

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Kirsten; Daryai-Hansen, Petra

    2017-01-01

    Mit diesem Artikel versuchen wir, den Begriff 'interkulturelle kommunikative Kompetenz‘ theoretisch zu entwickeln. Wir gehen zunächst der Frage nach, warum im Fach Deutsch als Fremdsprache mit interkultureller kommunikativer Kompetenz gearbeitet werden sollte und welche Herausforderungen sich...... hierbei stellen. Im Anschluss präsentieren wir unser Modell der interkulturellen kommunikativen Kompetenz, das wir für das Fach Deutsch ain der dänischen Lehrerausbildung auf der Grundlage eines Modells von Michael Byram aus dem Jahre 1997 entwickelt haben. Byrams Modell der interkulturellen...... zunächst die Begriffe ‚Kompetenz‘, ‚Kultur‘, ‚kommunikative Kompetenz‘ und ‚interkulturelle Kompetenz‘. Wir konkretisieren die Dimensionen des Modells im Anschluss anhand eines Unterrichtsbeispiels für das Fach Deutsch an der dänischen Einheitsschule („Folkeskole“). Abschließend skizzieren wir, wie unser...

  11. Deutsche Fachsprachen: alte und neue Erfahrungen mit dem Begriff ‚Kultur’ in den Geisteswissenschaften und im Bereich Deutsch als Fremdsprache

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria J. P. Monteiro

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Nas áreas de estudos Alemão como Língua Estrangeira e Alemão para Fins Específicos é evidente, nos últimos anos, o uso inflacionário e até, às vezes, impróprio, de conceitos relacionados aos adjetivos cultural e intercultural. Frequentemente, os conceitos são usados de tal forma que apenas servem para fomentar o crescimento, a fixação e a difusão de estereótipos e preconceitos. No semestre de inverno 2006/07 foi oferecido um curso denominado “Fachsprachen und Kultur” (Magisterstudiengang Deutsch als Fremdsprache, no qual deveriam ser estudados os conceitos de cultura usados nas diferentes disciplinas. Aqui são apresentadas as conclusões de alguns participantes sobre o uso do conceito nas suas áreas principais ou secundárias. Os resulta dos mostram que se faz urgente e necessário ocupar-se com os conceitos de cultura que vigoram em nossa disciplina, para que estereótipos não se tornem a base de uma didática do Alemão como Língua Estrangeira.

  12. A postal history of the First World War in Africa and its aftermath - German colonies : III Deutsch-Südwestafrika (SWA)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dietz, A.J.

    2015-01-01

    The 'Great War' had a major impact on Africa and that is visible in the post stamps used in the various postal territories in Africa. This paper discusses the postal offices, postal services, and stamps used in the German colony Deutsch-S dwestafrika (SWA) during the early twentieth century. For the

  13. Cybernetics and Social Order. Models and Images of Society in Norbert Wiener and Karl Deutsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carradore

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The present contribution aims at defining the relation between cybernetics and social theory from the perspective of society as order. After an historical framework of the cybernetic movement, a careful reading of the works of Norbert Wiener, in which he introduced the concept of feed-back and the idea of information society, has revealed a keen awareness about the social effects of technological innovation. Among the social scientists who had made use of cybernetic concepts, it has been considered the work of Karl Deutsch, which was one of the first completely cybernetic perspective for the study of political and social phenomena. The main conclusion is that cybernetics, as a meeting point between different disciplines, has produced an image of self-regulated society in line with the image of society as order.

  14. From Globalization to Liquidation: The Deutsch-Asiatische Bank and the First World War in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghassan Moazzin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article uses the case of the Deutsch-Asiatische Bank and its liquidation during the First World War to examine the challenges faced by German businesses during the war in China and China’s involvement in Allied economic warfare. This case suggests the detrimental effect that political crises and global shifts of power had on foreign businesses in modern China’s globalized treaty port economy. It also reveals China’s role in the global economic warfare of the Allies, showing that China first resisted Allied demands for a full liquidation of the German bank but eventually acquiesced to Allied pressure and handed control over the liquidation to the Allies. As a consequence, China ended up violating the very international law it had put so much value on when entering the war.

  15. Amerikas Einschätzung der deutschen Atomforschung: Das deutsche Uranprojekt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Mark

    2002-07-01

    Die amerikanischen Wissenschaftler und ihre emigrierten Kollegen, die am Bau der Atombombe beteiligt waren, verfügten über sehr widersprüchliche und großteils falsche Informationen über den Fortschritt des deutschen Uranprogramms. Noch nach Kriegsende lässt sich dies an Aussagen des Leiters der amerikanischen Alsos-Mission, Samuel Goudsmit, festmachen. Tatsächlich war das deutsche Programm hinsichtlich seiner wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen und des Managements nicht so unterlegen, wie vielfach behauptet wurde. Aber die deutschen Behörden waren nicht in der Lage, Geld und Ressourcen in gleichem Maße in das Uranprojekt zu investieren, wie etwa in das Peenemünder Raketenprojekt.

  16. Von schnellen Teilchen und hellem Licht 50 Jahre Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY

    CERN Document Server

    Lohrmann, Erich

    2009-01-01

    Das 1959 in Hamburg als Zentrum für Elementarteilchenforschung gegründete "Deutsche Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY" gelangte durch Pionierleistungen in der Entwicklung von Hochenergie-Beschleunigern und Speicherringen zu weltweiter Anerkennung. Seiner internationalen Nutzergemeinde sind eine Reihe wichtiger Entdeckungen über die Materiebausteine Quarks und Gluonen und die Kräfte, welche die Welt im Innersten zusammenhalten, zu verdanken. Zusätzlich wurde die Synchrotronstrahlung für breite Anwendungsgebiete erschlossen und ihre Nutzung systematisch ausgebaut mit Ergebnissen, die gleichrangig neben denen in der Teilchenforschung stehen. Dieses Buch behandelt die Entwicklung des Forschungszentrums von den Anfängen bis in das Jahr 2003, in dem mit dem Beschluss zum Bau des Europäischen Röntgenlasers in Hamburg eine Änderung der Schwerpunktsetzung in der Beschleunigerentwicklung erfolgte, die seitdem auf neuartige Photonenquellen gerichtet ist. Die wichtigsten nachfolgenden Ereignisse werden ebenfalls kurz...

  17. Schreibkompetenz in der Zielsprache Deutsch in einem mehrsprachigen Schweizer Kontext: Zur Entwicklung von Basisstandards am Beispiel eines bilingualen Schulmodells (Romanisch-Deutsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Peyer

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Im Fokus dieses Artikels stehen Verfahren zur Erarbeitung von Basisstandards (Grundkompetenzen für die Schreibkompetenz in Deutsch in einem mehrsprachigen Kontext. Gegenstand derUntersuchungen ist die bilinguale Schule der bündnerromanischen Minderheit der Schweiz. Basierend auf qualitativ validierten Kann-Beschreibungen wurden kommunikative Testaufgaben entwickelt und bei einer grossen Stichprobe (N = 325 eingesetzt; die entstandenen Lernertextewurden mithilfe eines analytischen Ratings eingestuft. Nebst dem Verfahren des Standard-Settings werden an dieser Stelleauch Resultate der quantitativen Auswertung der Daten diskutiert. Beispielsweise zeigte sich im Rahmen von Multifacetten-Rasch-Analysen, dass die Bewertungskriterien ‚lexikalisches Spektrum‘, ,grammatikalisches Spektrum‘ und ‚Kohärenz‘ besonders hoch korrelieren und somit tentativ alseine Schreibkompetenz-Dimension interpretiert werden können. Using the example of the bilingual school for the Romansh-German minority group, this study describes procedures forestablishing minimum standards for writing competence in German in a multilingual context. Based on qualitatively vali-dated can-do descriptions communication test tasks were formulated and administered to a large sample (N=325. The resulting learner texts were subsequently classified with the help of an analytical rating scale. In addition to discussing the procedure used for the setting of standards the results of a quantitative evaluation of the data are presented.For instance, a multi-facetted Rasch analysis showed that therating criteria ‘lexical range’, ‘grammatical range’ and ‘coherence’ correlated particularly highly and can thus be tentatively interpreted as a single dimension of writing competence.

  18. Deutsch Durch Audio-Visuelle Methode: An Audio-Lingual-Oral Approach to the Teaching of German.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickinson Public Schools, ND. Instructional Media Center.

    This teaching guide, designed to accompany Chilton's "Deutsch Durch Audio-Visuelle Methode" for German 1 and 2 in a three-year secondary school program, focuses major attention on the operational plan of the program and a student orientation unit. A section on teaching a unit discusses four phases: (1) presentation, (2) explanation, (3)…

  19. Social Psychological Consequences of Interpersonal Relations: A Confirmatory Approach to Testing Deutsch's Theory of Cooperation and Conflict Resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Quahwu

    This study tested M. Deutsch's theory of cooperation and conflict resolution using an intervention project at an inner city alternative high school in New York City. The study was designed to test the theory by confirmatory structural modeling and by evaluating the intervention. The procedure involved a pre- and post-test procedure administered…

  20. The German coal market in 1999; Der deutsche Steinkohlenmarkt im Jahr 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Semrau, G. [Kohlenwirtschaft e.V., Essen (Germany); Cosack, C. [Gesamtverband des Deutschen Steinkohlenbergbaus, Essen (Germany)

    2000-04-13

    With about 65 mill. t coal units the coal market in Germany is currently the largest in western Europe. German coal covered a good 60% of this market in 1999. Imported coal accounted for the remaining 40%. The sales of the German coal mining industry again fell considerably in 1999. Part of this reduction is a consequence of the financial aid specified in the coal policy agreement of March 1997. However, the sale of indigenous coal came under further pressure because of the fall of international coal prices and the reduction of coal freight rates. The collieries reacted to this trend by cutting output to about 40.5 mill. t. The coal agreement of March 1997 provides an assured future for German coal until 2005. It also forms the basis for reorganisation of the management of the German coal mining industry: Since 1 January 1999 all German collieries have been united under one roof. Because of the deterioration in external boundary conditions, however, DSK had to bring forward retrenchment measures. The new mining plan provides for output of 26 mill. t coal units with a work-force of 36000 up to the year 2005. (orig.) [German] Der Steinkohlenmarkt in Deutschland ist mit derzeit rund 65 Mill. t SKE der groesste in Westeuropa. Die deutsche Steinkohle deckte 1999 gut 60% dieses Markts ab. Die restlichen knapp 40% entfielen auf die Importkohlen, die ihren Beitrag mit gut 24 Mill. t SKE behaupteten. Der Hauptanteil dieser Importe kam dabei aus Polen und Suedafrika. Der Absatz des deutschen Steinkohlenbergbaus ist im Jahr 1999 weiter erheblich zurueckgenommen worden. Ein Teil dieses Rueckgangs ist Folge der in der kohlenpolitischen Vereinbarung vom Maerz 1997 festgelegten Finanzhilfen. Der Absatz heimischer Steinkohlen geriet aber weiter unter Druck wegen des Verfalls der internationalen Kohlenpreise und des Einbruchs bei den Kohlenfrachtraten. Hinzu kam die bis Mitte 1999 dauernde Stahlkrise. Die Bergbaubetriebe haben auf diese Entwicklung entsprechend reagiert und die

  1. Trauer und Tourismus. Reisen des Volksbundes Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge 1950–2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiebke Kolbe

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The German War Grave Commission (Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge, VDK has offered package tours to the German war graves of World War II in Western Europe since 1950, and since 1990/91 increasingly also to Eastern Europe. Based on a study of the actors’ practices, the article identifies the generation-specific, gender-specific and societal functions of these tours and their change over time. Despite several generational changes in the traveller groups and partly modified interpretations of WWII, some of the tours’ functions remained constant. To this day, they provide a place of mourning for the relatives of soldiers killed in action. Besides this function of remembrance, they also had the social function of building a community of experience of mourners and war victims – initially for the war widows, later for their children and grandchildren. Finally, the tours made it possible for certain groups to undertake tourist trips abroad which they could not have attempted alone – during the first post-war decades, particularly war widows with little or no travel experience (to Western Europe; since 1990/91, the generation of aged veterans (to Eastern Europe. The article draws on a wide range of VDK archival material that reveals perspectives of the organisation as well as preferences and practices of the travellers. * * * Seit 1950 bot der Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge (VDK Gruppenreisen zu den deutschen Kriegsgräberstätten des Zweiten Weltkriegs in Westeuropa an, seit 1990/91 vermehrt auch Reisen nach Osteuropa. Ausgehend von den Praktiken der Akteure arbeitet der Beitrag die generationenspezifischen, geschlechterspezifischen und gesellschaftlichen Funktionen dieser Reisen im zeitlichen Wandel heraus. Trotz des mehrfachen Generationenwechsels der Klientel und teilweise veränderter Deutungen des Zweiten Weltkriegs blieben einige Funktionen der Reisen gleich. Bis heute bieten sie den Angehörigen gefallener Soldaten

  2. Identification of bacterial strains by laboratories participating in the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum quality assurance programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boot, R; Reubsaet, F A G

    2007-10-01

    The quality assurance programme (QAP) of the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ) is a proficiency testing system developed to service the laboratory animal discipline. QAP comprises the quarterly distribution of two bacterial strains originating from various species of animals for identification to the species level and antibiotic susceptibility testing. We compared identification results reported by QAP participants over the years 1996-2004 with those obtained by the Dutch Bacterial Diagnostics reference laboratory on 68 samples comprising 71 bacterial strains and a fungus. Significant differences were found in the frequency of reported and correct identifications when bacteria were assigned to different groups based on morphology by Gram stain and on origin (animal versus environmental, rodent and rabbit versus other animal species, pathogen versus non-pathogens). Rodent and rabbit pathogens yielded 73% correct identifications, and with all bacterial strains only 60% of the identifications were correct. We assume that most QAP participants were from laboratory animal diagnostic laboratories. If this is true, the capabilities of laboratories in the laboratory animal discipline to correctly identify bacterial species are well below what are considered acceptable limits for human diagnostic laboratories. The distribution of cultured bacteria circumvents the most difficult step in the microbiological monitoring of animals, namely primary culture from clinical samples. We propose to set up a QAP that comprises the distribution of specimens mimicking clinical samples normally submitted to laboratory animal diagnostic laboratories.

  3. Die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft in der Weimarer Republik und während der Nazidiktatur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilke, Jürgen

    Nach anfänglichen Schwierigkeiten durch den 1. Weltkrieg erlangte die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft (DStatG) unter dem renommierten Statistiker und Vorsitzenden der DStatG, Friedrich Zahn, durch eine Vielzahl von Aktivitäten hohes Ansehen. Es gab Bestrebungen, Statistiker aus allen Arbeitsfeldern der Statistik in die DStatG zu integrieren, wobei die "Mathematische Statistik" nur zögerlich akzeptiert wurde (Konjunkturforschung, Zeitreihenanalyse). Nach der Machtübernahme 1933 durch Adolf Hitler geriet die DStatG in das Fahrwasser nationalsozialistischer Ideologie und Politik (Führerprinzip, Gleichschaltung des Vereinswesens). Damit war eine personelle Umstrukturierung in der DStatG verbunden. Politisch Missliebige und rassisch Verfolgte mussten die DStatG verlassen (Bernstein, Freudenberg, Gumbel u.a.). Unter den Statistikern gab es alle Abstufungen im Verhalten zum Regime von Ablehnung und zwangsweiser Anpassung über bereitwilliges Mitläufertum bis zu bewusster Täterschaft. Besonders die Bevölkerungsstatistik wurde durch die NS- Rassenpolitik auf lange Sicht diskreditiert. Im Rahmen von Wirtschaftsplanung und Aufrüstung wurden neue zukunftsträchtige statistische Modelle (Grünig, Bramstedt, Leisse) entwickelt.

  4. Vibrational molecular quantum computing: basis set independence and theoretical realization of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesch, Carmen M; de Vivie-Riedle, Regina

    2004-12-22

    The phase of quantum gates is one key issue for the implementation of quantum algorithms. In this paper we first investigate the phase evolution of global molecular quantum gates, which are realized by optimally shaped femtosecond laser pulses. The specific laser fields are calculated using the multitarget optimal control algorithm, our modification of the optimal control theory relevant for application in quantum computing. As qubit system we use vibrational modes of polyatomic molecules, here the two IR-active modes of acetylene. Exemplarily, we present our results for a Pi gate, which shows a strong dependence on the phase, leading to a significant decrease in quantum yield. To correct for this unwanted behavior we include pressure on the quantum phase in our multitarget approach. In addition the accuracy of these phase corrected global quantum gates is enhanced. Furthermore we could show that in our molecular approach phase corrected quantum gates and basis set independence are directly linked. Basis set independence is also another property highly required for the performance of quantum algorithms. By realizing the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm in our two qubit molecular model system, we demonstrate the good performance of our phase corrected and basis set independent quantum gates.

  5. A scheme to implement the Deutsch-Josza algorithm on a superconducting charge-qubit quantum computer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUO Wenyi; LONG Guilu

    2006-01-01

    We have studied the implementation of the Deutsch-Josza quantum algorithm in a superconducting charge-qubit quantum computer. Different from previous studies, we have used the inductance coupled system of You et al. The detailed pulse sequences have been designed for the four possible functions in a 2-qubit system. The result is generalized to an arbitrary n-qubit system. This scheme will be useful for practical implementation of the algorithm.

  6. Schemes of implementation in NMR of quantum processors and Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm by using virtual spin representation

    OpenAIRE

    Kessel, Alexander R.; Yakovleva, Natalia M.

    2002-01-01

    Schemes of experimental realization of the main two qubit processors for quantum computers and Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm are derived in virtual spin representation. The results are applicable for every four quantum states allowing the required properties for quantum processor implementation if for qubit encoding virtual spin representation is used. Four dimensional Hilbert space of nuclear spin 3/2 is considered in details for this aim

  7. Implementing the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm by using Schr(o)dinger cat states in cavity QED

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Rong-Can; Li Hong-Cai; Lin Xiu; Chen Mei-Xiang

    2006-01-01

    We propose a scheme to implement the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm by using Schr(o)dinger cat states in cavity quantum electron-dynamics (QED). The scheme is based on the Raman interaction of a degenerate three-level A-type atom with a coherent state in a cavity. By using Schr(o)dinger cat states, the atomic spontaneous emission can be minimized and the Hadamard transformation in our scheme is not needed.

  8. Implementation of a Deutsch-like quantum algorithm utilizing entanglement at the two-qubit level on an NMR quantum-information processor

    OpenAIRE

    Dorai, Kavita; Arvind; Kumar, Anil

    2001-01-01

    We describe the experimental implementation of a recently proposed quantum algorithm involving quantum entanglement at the level of two qubits using NMR. The algorithm solves a generalisation of the Deutsch problem and distinguishes between even and odd functions using fewer function calls than is possible classically. The manipulation of entangled states of the two qubits is essential here, unlike the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm and the Grover's search algorithm for two bits.

  9. A postal history of the First World War in Africa and its aftermath - German colonies: IV Deutsch-Ostafrika / German East Africa (GEA)

    OpenAIRE

    Dietz, A.J.

    2015-01-01

    The 'Great War' had a major impact on Africa and that is visible in the post stamps used in the various postal territories in Africa. This paper discusses the postal offices, postal services, and stamps used in the German colony Deutsch-Ostafrika/German East Africa (GEA) during the early twentieth century. For the postal history of the First World War in the German colonies Togo, Kamerun and Deutsch-Südwestafrika (SWA), see the ASC working papers 116, 117 and 118.

  10. DEWEK 2000: 5. German wind energy conference. Proceedings; DEWEK 2000: 5. Deutsche Windenergiekonferenz. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Purroy, B. (comp.)

    2000-07-01

    world since the meeting is not only directed to scientists and engineers but will also be of interest for bankers, developers and users. Conference subjects will focus on the technical development of 2 MW plus wind turbines and the special problems -solved and unsolved - of wind energy utilisation in complex terrain and in the offshore area. (orig.) [German] Die Deutsche Windenergie-Konferenz wird vom DEWI zum fuenften Mal veranstaltet, eine Konferenz, die sich in den letzten Jahren als ''The Technical Conference'' etablierte. Der Tradition folgend ist die Konferenz trotz der Themenfuelle wieder auf zwei Tage beschraenkt, damit auch dem Vielbeschaeftigten die Moeglichkeit geboten wird, sich ueber die neuesten technischen und wissenschaftlichen Entwicklungen und Erfahrungen aus dem Bereich der Windenergie zu informieren. Die schnelle, weltweite Verbreitung der Windenergie, mit den daraus resultierenden neuen Herausforderungen fuer Technik und Betrieb, veranlasste uns, noch staerker als frueher darauf zu achten, die Verbindung zwischen Theorie und Anwendung bei der Auswahl der Themenschwerpunkte sicherzustellen. Mit 109 eingesandten Vortragsvorschlaegen, darunter 27 englischsprachigen aus 17 Laendern, erreichte die DEWEK 2000 bisher schon eine sehr gute Resonanz. Erstmals wird es bei der DEWEK eine Simultanuebersetzung Deutsch-Englisch geben, damit auch unseren auslaendischen Gaesten eine Teilnahme moeglich ist. Die ausserordentlich hohe Qualitaet der Vortragsvorschlaege machten es uns diesmal besonders schwer, die erforderliche Unterscheidung zwischen Vortrag und Poster zu treffen. In einem Umfang wie niemals zuvor werden in den Berichten ganz konkrete Themen aus der Anwendung der Windenergie behandelt, ein Spiegel der von Standort zu Standort sich aendernden Einsatzbedingungen einer sich weltweit rasant ausbreitenden neuen Energietechnologie. Wir glauben mit unserer Erfahrung die richtige Auswahl der Vortraege getroffen zu haben und hoffen Ihnen

  11. An Implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm on Molecular Vibronic Coherences Through Four-Wave Mixing a Theoretical Study

    CERN Document Server

    Bihary, Z; Lidar, D A; Apkarian, V A; Bihary, Zsolt; Glenn, David R.; Lidar, Daniel A.

    2002-01-01

    Time-Frequency Resolved Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (TFRCARS) was recently proposed as a means to implement quantum logic using the molecular ro-vibrational manifold as a quantum register [R. Zadoyan et al., Chem. Phys. 266, 323 (2001)]. We give a concrete example of how this can be accomplished through an illustrative algorithm that solves the Deutsch-Jozsa problem. We use realistic molecular parameters to recognize that, as the problem size expands, shaped pulses must be tailored to maintain fidelity of the algorithm.

  12. DEWEK 2000: 5. German wind energy conference. Proceedings; DEWEK 2000: 5. Deutsche Windenergiekonferenz. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Purroy, B. (comp.)

    2000-07-01

    world since the meeting is not only directed to scientists and engineers but will also be of interest for bankers, developers and users. Conference subjects will focus on the technical development of 2 MW plus wind turbines and the special problems -solved and unsolved - of wind energy utilisation in complex terrain and in the offshore area. (orig.) [German] Die Deutsche Windenergie-Konferenz wird vom DEWI zum fuenften Mal veranstaltet, eine Konferenz, die sich in den letzten Jahren als ''The Technical Conference'' etablierte. Der Tradition folgend ist die Konferenz trotz der Themenfuelle wieder auf zwei Tage beschraenkt, damit auch dem Vielbeschaeftigten die Moeglichkeit geboten wird, sich ueber die neuesten technischen und wissenschaftlichen Entwicklungen und Erfahrungen aus dem Bereich der Windenergie zu informieren. Die schnelle, weltweite Verbreitung der Windenergie, mit den daraus resultierenden neuen Herausforderungen fuer Technik und Betrieb, veranlasste uns, noch staerker als frueher darauf zu achten, die Verbindung zwischen Theorie und Anwendung bei der Auswahl der Themenschwerpunkte sicherzustellen. Mit 109 eingesandten Vortragsvorschlaegen, darunter 27 englischsprachigen aus 17 Laendern, erreichte die DEWEK 2000 bisher schon eine sehr gute Resonanz. Erstmals wird es bei der DEWEK eine Simultanuebersetzung Deutsch-Englisch geben, damit auch unseren auslaendischen Gaesten eine Teilnahme moeglich ist. Die ausserordentlich hohe Qualitaet der Vortragsvorschlaege machten es uns diesmal besonders schwer, die erforderliche Unterscheidung zwischen Vortrag und Poster zu treffen. In einem Umfang wie niemals zuvor werden in den Berichten ganz konkrete Themen aus der Anwendung der Windenergie behandelt, ein Spiegel der von Standort zu Standort sich aendernden Einsatzbedingungen einer sich weltweit rasant ausbreitenden neuen Energietechnologie. Wir glauben mit unserer Erfahrung die richtige Auswahl der Vortraege getroffen zu haben und hoffen Ihnen

  13. The metaphysics of D-CTCs: On the underlying assumptions of Deutsch's quantum solution to the paradoxes of time travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Lucas

    2016-11-01

    I argue that Deutsch's model for the behavior of systems traveling around closed timelike curves (CTCs) relies implicitly on a substantive metaphysical assumption. Deutsch is employing a version of quantum theory with a significantly supplemented ontology of parallel existent worlds, which differ in kind from the many worlds of the Everett interpretation. Standard Everett does not support the existence of multiple identical copies of the world, which the D-CTC model requires. This has been obscured because he often refers to the branching structure of Everett as a "multiverse", and describes quantum interference by reference to parallel interacting definite worlds. But he admits that this is only an approximation to Everett. The D-CTC model, however, relies crucially on the existence of a multiverse of parallel interacting worlds. Since his model is supplemented by structures that go significantly beyond quantum theory, and play an ineliminable role in its predictions and explanations, it does not represent a quantum solution to the paradoxes of time travel.

  14. Natural gas. Reserves - exploration - production. Glossary. German - English - French - Russian; Erdgas. Reserven - Exploration - Produktion. Glossar. Deutsch - Englisch - Franzoesisch -Russisch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porth, H.; Bandlowa, T.; Guerber, B.; Kosinowski, M.; Sedlacek, R.

    1997-12-31

    International cooperation in the natural gas sector has intensified considerably during the last several years, particularly between the east and the west. This has made it necessary for the most important terms in the fields of geology, economic geology and production technology to be used in the same sense. The various national and regional classification systems for natural gas reserves and wells also need to be correlated. For these reasons, the `Working Party on Gas` of the European Economic Commission of the United Nations in Geneva prepared a three-language Glossary of natural Gas Reserves. The glossary presented here is a thoroughly revised edition of the 1996 edition and now also includes a German language section. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die in den letzten Jahren immer intensivere internationale Kooperation auf dem Erdgassektor - besonders zwischen Ost und West - erfordert eine sinngemaess gleiche Handhabung der wichtigsten erdgasgeologischen, lagerstaettenkundlichen und produktionstechnischen Fachbegriffe sowie eine Korrelation der verschiedenen regionalen und ueberregionalen Klassifikationssysteme fuer Erdgasreserven und Erdgasbohrungen. Dieser Erfordernis hat die `Working Party on Gas` der Europaeischen Wirtschaftskommission der Vereinten Nationen in Genf mit der Erarbeitung eines dreisprachigen `Glossary of Natural Gas Reserves` Rechnung getragen. Das vorliegende Glossar ist eine gruendlich ueberarbeitete und um eine deutsche Fassung erweiterte Neuauflage dieses `Glossary` von 1996. (orig.)

  15. Trends in Preferences in the Market for Alternative Investments: A Summary of Recent Deutsche Bank Alternative Investment Surveys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Benrud

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study introduced to the literature information on and from the Deutsche Bank Alternative Investment Survey: 2002-2009. Approach: All the survey data for our analysis is from the DBAIS survey. We obtained the interest rate data, from the St. Louis Federal Reserve. Results: Our results present important summaries of the trends and relationships among participants in the alternative investments market. The importance of the survey is evident by the growth from 168 to over 1000 respondents and the number of questions has tripled. Conclusion/Recommendations: Interesting findings include a dramatic increase in the use of managed accounts. Also, planned increases in allocations to the styles distressed debt and convertible arbitrage are positively correlated with each other and the Baa bond rate and they are each negatively correlated with planned increases in allocations to most other styles.

  16. A postal history of the First World War in Africa and its aftermath - German colonies : IV Deutsch-Ostafrika / German East Africa (GEA)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dietz, A.J.

    2015-01-01

    The 'Great War' had a major impact on Africa and that is visible in the post stamps used in the various postal territories in Africa. This paper discusses the postal offices, postal services, and stamps used in the German colony Deutsch-Ostafrika/German East Africa (GEA) during the early twentieth c

  17. Reserves for nuclear power plant decommissioning and radwaste disposal in Germany. An analysis and evaluation from the angle of energy policy; Energiewirtschaftliche Bewertung der Rueckstellungen fuer die Entsorgung der deutschen Kernkraftwerke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buerger, V. [comp.

    1998-12-31

    The study, which is the first of its kind in Germany, presents a comprehensive survey of total reserves set up by the German nuclear industry for liabilities and costs for nuclear power plant decommissioning and resulting radwaste disposal, which is a legal and foreseeable responsibility but uncertain in amount. The study looks into the various ways the earmarked money was invested and analyses the funds with respect to their efficiency and reliability to provide financial security for the given tasks and purpose. The question put in this context is: Are the reserves set up so far in line with official cost estimates, i.e. will they cover estimated costs, or do they even exceed the estimated amounts? The conclusions drawn and explained in this document are: The reserves for nuclear decommissioning have been used by the nuclear power plant operators and electricity companies as a significant capital source. Some of the capital accrued is being increasingly used at present to cover expenses arising for restructuring of business and diversification into new business segments of interest in the open national and European electricity markets. Companies such as RWE, Preussen Elektra, and Bayernwerk, which until deregulation of the energy sector were just power supply companies, have been transformed into conglomerate companies and international players in the markets, like RWE Holding, VEBA, and VIAG. It can be safely assumed that the companies would not have been able to reach the important positions they currently hold in the German economy without tapping the reserves for nuclear decommissioning. (orig./CB) 27 refs. [Deutsch] Die Studie gibt erstmals einen vollstaendigen Ueberblick ueber die Summe der in Deutschland gebildeten Rueckstellungen im Kernenergiebereich. Sie geht der Frage nach, wie diese Gelder angelegt sind und ob die praktizierten Anlageformen dem hohen Sicherheitsanspruch entsprechen, den die Gesellschaft an die finanziellen Ressourcen zur Bewaeltigung

  18. Die Haskala. Zum aktuellen Stand der Forschungen zur deutsch-jüdischen Aufklärung mit Schwerpunkt Historische Bildungsforschung seit dem Jahr 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Schotte

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Die deutsch-jüdische Aufklärung (konkret: Berliner Haskala ist ein Untersuchungsgegenstand, der in verschiedenen Disziplinen – dabei auch der Pädagogik / Historischen Bildungsforschung – in den letzten Jahren und Jahrzehnten eine besondere Aufmerksamkeit erfahren hat. Deutschland zählt heute (wieder zu einem der führenden Forschungszentren deutsch-jüdischer Geschichte. Jedoch gilt es dabei auch betonen, dass die aktuelle deutsch-jüdische Geschichtsschreibung in den pädagogischen Lehrbüchern erst allmählich Eingang findet. Dabei sind es gerade diese Forschungen, die entscheidend zur ,disziplinären‘ Sensibilisierung zur Thematik beigetragen haben. Anliegen dieses Aufsatzes ist es, in Grundzügen den Forschungsstand zur Haskala mit Schwerpunkt auf der Historischen Bildungsforschung bzw. bildungsgeschichtlichen und -theoretischem Untersuchungsschwerpunkten der letzten 15 Jahre abzubilden. Der Fokus richtet sich hierbei auf Hauptthemen und Forschungskooperationen, aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse, Trends, Revisionen, methodische Zugänge und interdisziplinäre Einflüsse, Aufarbeitungs- und Repräsentationsformen, Desiderate und Ausblicke. Nach diesen Kriterien wurde die einschlägige Literatur (Überblickswerke, Monographien, Schriftenreihe, Aufsätze gesichtet und ausgewertet. Ebenso wurden Forschungseinrichtungen und aktuelle Forschungsprojekte auf ihre thematische Relevanz überprüft. Anhand der Auswertung, die keinen Anspruch auf inhaltliche und methodische Vollständigkeit erhebt, lässt sich festhalten, dass die diesbezüglichen Untersuchungen einen wesentlichen Beitrag hinsichtlich einer differenzierteren Perspektive zur deutsch-jüdischen Aufklärungskultur geleistet haben, die sich bis in die letzten Jahrzehnte hinein noch vor allem auf die Person und das Werk Moses Mendelssohn konzentriert hatte. Anhand der Rekonstruktionen und systematischen Analysen zur preußischen Bildungspolitik, zu deutsch-jüdischen Protagonisten der

  19. Deutsches SOFIA Institut (DSI) at the SOFIA Science Center: engineering and scientific contributions to the airborne observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Jürgen; Colditz, Sebastian; Lachenmann, Michael; Pfüller, Enrico; Schindler, Karsten; Wiedemann, Manuel; Zinnecker, Hans; Krabbe, Alfred

    2016-09-01

    The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is a 2.5-meter infrared telescope built into a Boeing 747SP. In 2014 SOFIA reached its "Full Operational Capability" milestone and nowadays takes off about three times a week to observe the infrared sky from altitudes above most of the atmosphere's water vapor content. Despite reaching this major milestone, efforts to improve the observatory's performance are continuing in many areas. The team of the Deutsches SOFIA Institut, DSI (German SOFIA Institute) at the SOFIA Science Center in Moffett Field, CA works in several engineering areas to improve the observatory's performance and its efficiency. DSI supports the allocation process of SOFIA's observation time for guest observers, provides and supports two facility science instruments and conducts an observing program of stellar occultations by small objects of the solar system. This paper summarizes results and ongoing work on a spare secondary mirror made of aluminum, the new and improved Focal Plane Imager (FPI+) that has become a facility science instrument, the Field-Imaging Far-Infrared Line Spectrometer (FIFI-LS), new cameras and optics for the Fine Field and Wide Field Imagers (FFI+ and WFI+), real-time astrometric solution of star field images, ground support equipment and astronomical observations.

  20. Implementation of a Controlled-Phase Gate and Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm with Superconducting Charge Qubits in a Cavity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Ke-Hui; ZHOU Zheng-Wei; GUO Guang-Can

    2007-01-01

    Based on superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) coupled to a cavity, we propose a scheme for implementing a quantum controlled-phase gate (QPG) and Deutsch-Jozsa (DJ) algorithm by a controllable interaction. In the present scheme, the SQUID works in the charge regime, and the cavity field is ultilized as quantum data-bus, which is sequentially coupled to only one qubit at a time. The interaction between the selected qubit and the data bus, such as resonant and dispersive interaction, can be realized by turning the gate capacitance of each SQUID.Especially, the busis not excited and thus the cavity decay is suppressed during the implementation of DJ algorithm.For the QPG operation, the mode of the bus is unchanged in the end of the operation, although its mode is really excited during the operations. Finally, for typical experiment data, we analyze simply the experimental feasibility of the proposed scheme. Based on the simple operation, our scheme may be realized in this solid-state system, and our idea may be realized in other systems.

  1. Frequent major errors in antimicrobial susceptibility testing of bacterial strains distributed under the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum Quality Assurance Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boot, R

    2012-07-01

    The Quality Assurance Program (QAP) of the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ) was a proficiency testing system developed to service the laboratory animal discipline. The QAP comprised the distribution of bacterial strains from various species of animals for identification to species level and antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST). Identification capabilities were below acceptable standards. This study evaluated AST results using the DKFZ compilations of test results for all bacterial strains showing the number of participants reporting the strain as resistant (R), sensitive (S) or intermediate susceptible (I) to each antibiotic substance used. Due to lack of information about methods used, it was assumed that what the majority of the participants reported (R or S) was the correct test result and that an opposite result was a major error (ME). MEs occurred in 1375 of 14,258 (9.7%) of test results and ME% ranged from 0% to 23.2% per bacterial group-agent group combination. Considerable variation in MEs was found within groups of bacteria and within groups of agents. In addition to poor performance in proper species classification, the quality of AST in laboratory animal diagnostic laboratories seems far below standards considered acceptable in human diagnostic microbiology.

  2. Geschlecht als Modernisierungsfaktor deutsch-jüdischer Identitäten Gender as a Factor of Modernization for German-Jewish Identities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margret Karsch

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Der Sammelband Deutsch-jüdische Geschichte als Geschlechtergeschichte. Studien zum 19. und 20. Jahrhundert beleuchtet die Relevanz der Kategorie „Geschlecht“ für den historischen Verlauf von Akkulturation, Verbürgerlichung und Säkularisierung. Dabei erweist sich die Familie als Schnittstelle der Umbruchsprozesse, in denen jüdische Identitäten und das Verhältnis zur Mehrheitsgesellschaft ausgehandelt wurden.The collection German-Jewish History as Gender History. Studies on the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century (Deutsch-jüdische Geschichte als Geschlechtergeschichte. Studien zum 19. und 20. Jahrhundert illuminates the relevance of the category “gender” for the historical course of acculturation, bourgeoisification, and secularization. The family is the space in which the processes of radical change collide and in which Jewish identities and the relationship to the majority society are negotiated.

  3. „Frankophone Germanistik“ in Saarbrücken: Chancen für die Germanistik im deutsch-französischen Grenzraum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romana Weiershausen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aus historischen Gründen wurde in Saarbrücken eine auf Frankreich hin orientierte Germanistik-Professur geschaffen, die sich – mit dem Wandel der Situation und der Erfordernisse – im Laufe der Zeit verändert hat. Im folgenden Beitrag geht es um die Erfahrungen einer grenzüberschreitenden Germanistik im Saarland – und Impulse für eine Alternative zwischen einer Germanistik als Einzelphilologie und einer Allgemeinen und Vergleichenden Literaturwissenschaft:1. Hintergründe: Universität und Nation — 2. „Neuere deutsche Literaturwissenschaft“ — 3. Deutsch-französische Germanistik in Saarbrücken — 4. Interkulturelles Lernen in der Praxis

  4. „Frankophone Germanistik“ in Saarbrücken: Chancen für die Germanistik im deutsch-französischen Grenzraum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romana Weiershausen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aus historischen Gründen wurde in Saarbrücken eine auf Frankreich hin orientierte Germanistik-Professur geschaffen, die sich – mit dem Wandel der Situation und der Erfordernisse – im Laufe der Zeit verändert hat. Im folgenden Beitrag geht es um die Erfahrungen einer grenzüberschreitenden Germanistik im Saarland – und Impulse für eine Alternative zwischen einer Germanistik als Einzelphilologie und einer Allgemeinen und Vergleichenden Literaturwissenschaft:1. Hintergründe: Universität und Nation — 2. „Neuere deutsche Literaturwissenschaft“ — 3. Deutsch-französische Germanistik in Saarbrücken — 4. Interkulturelles Lernen in der Praxis

  5. Sprachlicher Ausbau in gesprochenen und geschriebenen Texten : zum Gebrauch komplexer Nominalphrasen als Merkmale literater Strukturen bei Jugendlichen mit Deutsch als Erst- und Zweitsprache in verschiedenen Schulformen

    OpenAIRE

    Siekmeyer, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Viele Schüler haben Schwierigkeiten, sich im formellen Register, das durch das Schriftliche repräsentiert wird, angemessen auszudrücken. Dies gilt nicht nur für Schüler mit Deutsch als Zweitsprache, denn oft erwerben Seiteneinsteiger, die in einer anderen Sprache literarisiert wurden, die literaten Strukturen des Deutschen recht schnell. Die Grundannahmen, auf denen die vorliegende Arbeit aufbaut, lauten: Die Fähigkeit zur Registerdifferenzierung, die von Erfahrungs- und Bildungsmöglichkeiten...

  6. Integrated Pesticide Management at the Deutsche Bahn in Germany - guidelines for the sustainable vegetation management for maintenance of constructions and areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Below, Michael

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The Deutsche Bahn has compiled guidelines for a sustainable vegetation management which follows the Directive 2009/128/EC. This integrated management includes tools like preventive measures, ensuring of the necessary level and check of success of applied plant protection measure. In detail, practical guidance for all constructions and areas are given where different legal regulations and requirements have to be implemented. The specific guidelines are available for unpaved surfaces, hard surfaces and railway tracks.

  7. Muusikamaailm : "Kevadpühitsus" sajandi teoseks. Nikolaus Harnoncourt"i juubel. Kent Nagano Deutsche Operisse. "Musica viva" Münchenis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Lääne-Euroopa populaarsete muusikaajakirjade "BBC Music Magazine" ja "Le Mond de la Musique" küsitluse põhjal osutus 20. saj. tähtsaimaks muusikateoseks I. Stravinski ballett "Kevadpühitsus". N. Harnoncourt tähistas 6. dets. 70. juubelit. Dirigendi tegevusest. K. Nagano kinnitati Berliini Deutsche Operi muusikadirektoriks aastast 2001. Dirigendi senisest tegevusest. Baieri Raadio korraldatava uue muusika sarja "Musica viva" kontsertidest

  8. Muusikamaailm : "Kevadpühitsus" sajandi teoseks. Nikolaus Harnoncourt"i juubel. Kent Nagano Deutsche Operisse. "Musica viva" Münchenis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Lääne-Euroopa populaarsete muusikaajakirjade "BBC Music Magazine" ja "Le Mond de la Musique" küsitluse põhjal osutus 20. saj. tähtsaimaks muusikateoseks I. Stravinski ballett "Kevadpühitsus". N. Harnoncourt tähistas 6. dets. 70. juubelit. Dirigendi tegevusest. K. Nagano kinnitati Berliini Deutsche Operi muusikadirektoriks aastast 2001. Dirigendi senisest tegevusest. Baieri Raadio korraldatava uue muusika sarja "Musica viva" kontsertidest

  9. Experience of aviation emergency rescue training in Allegemeiner Deutsche Automobil Club%德国汽车俱乐部空中急救培训体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新蕾; 魏彦芳; 孔令山; 宋娟; 巩秀静; 张金凤; 薛婧杰

    2014-01-01

    德国汽车俱乐部(Allegemeiner Deutsche Automobil Club,ADAC)自1970年制造第一架空中急救直升机至今,创建并完善了航空医疗救援体系、院前急救体系,以及集医疗、教学培训为一体的综合性培训机构.值得探讨和借鉴.

  10. First German scyscraper is awarded with LEED platinum. ''The Cube'' - the new headquarter of the Deutsche Boerse group; Erstes deutsches Hochhaus mit LEED-Platin ausgezeichnet. ''The Cube'' - die neue Konzernzentrale der Deutschen Boerse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wissenbach, Wolfgang [TGAgentur GmbH, Borgstedt (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    'Platinum for a German skyscraper.' - This headline is worth to inspect this building thus distinguished more exactly. The new building of the Deutsche Boerse group (Frankfurt (Main), Federal Republic of Germany) has an intelligent energy concept and attracts attention particularly by its 80 m high entrance hall.

  11. [Christian Westerhoff. Zwangsarbeit im Ersten Weltkrieg. Deutsche Arbeitskräftepolitik im besetzten Polen und Litauen 1914-1918, Tilman Plath.Zwischen Schonung und Menschenjagden. Die Arbeitseinsatzpolitik in den baltischen Generalbezirken des Reich

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Westerhoff, Christian. Zwangsarbeit im Ersten Weltkrieg. Deutsche Arbeitskräftepolitik im besetzten Polen und Litauen 1914-1918 (Studien zur historischen Migrationsforschung, 25). Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh. Padeborn 2011

  12. 24 January 2011 - President of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft M. Kleiner in the ATLAS visitor centre and underground experimental area with Former Spokesperson P. Jenni, accompanied by P. Mättig and Adviser R. Voss.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    24 January 2011 - President of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft M. Kleiner in the ATLAS visitor centre and underground experimental area with Former Spokesperson P. Jenni, accompanied by P. Mättig and Adviser R. Voss.

  13. [Christian Westerhoff. Zwangsarbeit im Ersten Weltkrieg. Deutsche Arbeitskräftepolitik im besetzten Polen und Litauen 1914-1918, Tilman Plath.Zwischen Schonung und Menschenjagden. Die Arbeitseinsatzpolitik in den baltischen Generalbezirken des Reich

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Westerhoff, Christian. Zwangsarbeit im Ersten Weltkrieg. Deutsche Arbeitskräftepolitik im besetzten Polen und Litauen 1914-1918 (Studien zur historischen Migrationsforschung, 25). Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh. Padeborn 2011

  14. Substantial agreement of referee recommendations at a general medical journal--a peer review evaluation at Deutsches Arzteblatt International.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Baethge

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Peer review is the mainstay of editorial decision making for medical journals. There is a dearth of evaluations of journal peer review with regard to reliability and validity, particularly in the light of the wide variety of medical journals. Studies carried out so far indicate low agreement among reviewers. We present an analysis of the peer review process at a general medical journal, Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: 554 reviewer recommendations on 206 manuscripts submitted between 7/2008 and 12/2009 were analyzed: 7% recommended acceptance, 74% revision and 19% rejection. Concerning acceptance (with or without revision versus rejection, there was a substantial agreement among reviewers (74.3% of pairs of recommendations that was not reflected by Fleiss' or Cohen's kappa (<0.2. The agreement rate amounted to 84% for acceptance, but was only 31% for rejection. An alternative kappa-statistic, however, Gwet's kappa (AC1, indicated substantial agreement (0.63. Concordance between reviewer recommendation and editorial decision was almost perfect when reviewer recommendations were unanimous. The correlation of reviewer recommendations and citations as counted by Web of Science was low (partial correlation adjusted for year of publication: -0.03, n.s.. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Although our figures are similar to those reported in the literature our conclusion differs from the widely held view that reviewer agreement is low: Based on overall agreement we consider the concordance among reviewers sufficient for the purposes of editorial decision making. We believe that various measures, such as positive and negative agreement or alternative Kappa values are superior to the application of Cohen's or Fleiss' Kappa in the analysis of nominal or ordinal level data regarding reviewer agreement. Also, reviewer recommendations seem to be a poor proxy for citations because, for example, manuscripts will be

  15. Deutsche Sage(10)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    DeutscheSage(10)DieSagevondenvierZudenStraenBerlinsdiewelchewahrschein-lichihrenNamenvondeminderzweitendes13.Jahrhundertsgest...

  16. Deutsche Sage(8)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    DeutscheSage(8)DieSagevomUrsprungdersogenanntenSpeck-undBrotstiftungzuAllendorfundderWerraEinederromantischstenPartiendesscho...

  17. Deutsche Sage(7)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    DeutscheSage(7): DerbackerzuDortmundVorvielen,vielenJahrenhatzuDortmundeinreichergelebt,derhatzwarkeinenGottesdienstundistind...

  18. Deutsche Sage(11)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    DeutscheSage(11)EinBackervonMarburggingberLand2,umWeizenaufzukaufen;alserberdenFrauenbergkam,fanderdorteingroBesTuchausgebrei...

  19. Mehed ruumis / Rosalyn Deutsche

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Deutsche, Rosalyn

    2004-01-01

    1985. a. ilmunud T. J. Clarki raamatust "Modernse elu maalikunst: Pariis Manet' ja tema järgijate kunstis". 1989. a. ilmunud Edward W. Soja raamatust "Postmodernistlikud geograafiad" ja David Harvey raamatust "Postmodernne olukord". 1984. a. avaldatud Fredric Jamesoni artiklist "Postmodernism ehk hiliskapitalismi kultuuriline loogika". Bibliograafia lk. 81

  20. Mehed ruumis / Rosalyn Deutsche

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Deutsche, Rosalyn

    2004-01-01

    1985. a. ilmunud T. J. Clarki raamatust "Modernse elu maalikunst: Pariis Manet' ja tema järgijate kunstis". 1989. a. ilmunud Edward W. Soja raamatust "Postmodernistlikud geograafiad" ja David Harvey raamatust "Postmodernne olukord". 1984. a. avaldatud Fredric Jamesoni artiklist "Postmodernism ehk hiliskapitalismi kultuuriline loogika". Bibliograafia lk. 81

  1. Deutsch 100, 200, 300.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    Manitoba's curriculum guide for German 100, 200, and 300 is designed to (1) make teachers of these courses aware of the official policy concerning the nature, goals, and objectives of the courses and approved teaching materials, and (2) provide instructional guidelines. The guide provides information about three sets of teaching materials from…

  2. Deutsch 7-9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    The Manitoba Department of Education's curriculum guide to German instruction in grades 7 through 9 presents the approved curriculum, makes recommendations for its implementation, and provides information about sets of teaching materials from which teachers can make appropriate selections. The guide outlines the rationale for the curriculur and…

  3. Deutsch 100, 200, 300.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    Manitoba's curriculum guide for German 100, 200, and 300 is designed to (1) make teachers of these courses aware of the official policy concerning the nature, goals, and objectives of the courses and approved teaching materials, and (2) provide instructional guidelines. The guide provides information about three sets of teaching materials from…

  4. Zusammenfassungen in Deutsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Wiedenmann

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available 1. Eine hybride Heuristik zur Lösung des Triangulations-ProblemsGloria Cerasela Crişan, Camelia Mihaela Pintea2. Vorschlag einer datenbasierten Architektur für eine Kardiologie-Netzwerk-AnwendungHorea Adrian Greblă, Călin Ovidiu Cenan3. Erziehungswissenschaftliche Forschung: zur technologischen Dimension des PrivatlebensLiliana Mâţă4. Ausgewählte Operationen für Assembler EncodingTomasz Praczyk5. Computerbasierte Programme zur Sprechtherapie bei Dyslalie und Dyslexie-DysgraphieIolanda Tobolcea, Mirela Danubianu6. Gedacht soap, jedoch gesagt ‘oaps’. Der Lautvorspann (Sound Preparation Period: Backward Calculation von der Äußerung bis zur Muskel-InnervierungNora Wiedenmann7. State of the Art: Lösungskonzepte für KoalitionsspieleSimina Brânzei8. Die Faktoren von Intelligenz-Entwicklung und individuelle PerformanzGheorghe Dumitriu9. Einige Ergebnisse zur Fuzzy-TheorieAngel Garrido10. Wissensfusion in akademischen NetzwerkenHorea Adrian Grebla, Calin Ovidiu Cenan, Liana Stanca11. Eine Delphi-Anwendung für die syntaktische und lexikalische Analyse eines Phrasen verwendenden Cocke-Younger-Kasami -Algorithmus.Bogdan Pătruţ, Ioana Boghian12. Über ein Problem von Passdaten bei Gebrauch von Bézier-KurvenCarmen Violeta Muraru13. State of the Art: Verifizierung von Unterschriften-Biometrie-DatenMohamed Soltane, Noureddine Doghmane, Noureddine Guersi14. Die Neurowissenschaften des Lehrens von Erzähltexten: zur Erleichterung der sozialenund emotionalen EntwicklungLisa Whalen15. Logische Grundlagen der Künstlichen IntelligenzAngel Garrido16. Psychologisch-mystische Aspekte zu St. Evagrius Ponticus und St. Maximus dem BekennerGheorghe Teofil Popovici17. Geo-spatiale Analyse-StrukturElisabeta Antonia Haller18. Henric Sanielevici – von der Literaturkritik zur Anatomie oder Wie beeinflusst der Schädelumfang die Literatur?Adrian Jicu19. Wie komplex das menschliche Gehirn funktioniert: die beiden HemisphärenIulia Cristina Timofti20. Interview mit Dr. Georgios K. Matis, Neurochirurgen, Demokrit-Universität Thrakien, School, der medizinischen Fakultät, Alexandroupolis, GriechenlandRuxandra Alexandru

  5. Rationale and design of a trial improving outcome of type 2 diabetics on hemodialysis. Die Deutsche Diabetes Dialyse Studie Investigators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanner, C; Krane, V; Ruf, G; März, W; Ritz, E

    1999-07-01

    Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus dialysis patients have the highest cardiovascular mortality known in any group of patients. Mixed dyslipidemia with moderately elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high levels of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins is common in this condition. It is not known, however, whether patients with type 2 diabetes on dialysis with this form of dyslipidemia derive benefit from lipid-lowering therapy. Recently, drugs have become available that potently lower triglyceride-rich, apoB-containing lipoproteins and thus permit testing of this issue. This is the first trial to address specifically the issue of whether the excessive cardiovascular mortality of patients with type 2 diabetes on dialysis can be lowered by statins. The Die Deutsche Diabetes Dialyse Studie is a prospective randomized placebo-controlled trial that tests the hypothesis that atorvastatin, a hydroxymethyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, decreases the rate of cardiovascular mortality and of nonfatal myocardial infarction in patients with type 2 diabetes who have been on hemodialysis treatment for no more than two years. The primary endpoint, cardiovascular mortality, includes fatal myocardial infarction, sudden death, death during coronary intervention, death from heart failure, and other coronary causes. Secondary endpoints comprise overall mortality, nonfatal cardiovascular events, fatal and nonfatal cerebrovascular disease, and the mean percentage change in lipid profile from baseline. The trial enrolls 1200 men and women on hemodialysis for less than two years and with type 2 diabetes at 150 centers throughout Germany. Inclusion criteria are age of 18 to 80 years, low-density cholesterol of 80 to 190 mg/dl (2.1 to 4.9 mmol/liter), and triglyceride levels of less than 1000 mg/dl (11.4 mmol/liter). Patients are randomized to cither inactive (placebo) or active (atorvastatin, 20 mg/day) drug therapy. The average duration of follow-up is more than

  6. Wasting and sudden cardiac death in hemodialysis patients: a post hoc analysis of 4D (Die Deutsche Diabetes Dialyse Studie).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drechsler, Christiane; Grootendorst, Diana C; Pilz, Stefan; Tomaschitz, Andreas; Krane, Vera; Dekker, Friedo; März, Winfried; Ritz, Eberhard; Wanner, Christoph

    2011-10-01

    Wasting is common in hemodialysis patients and often is accompanied by cardiovascular disease and inflammation. The cardiovascular risk profile meaningfully changes with the progression of kidney disease, and little is known about the impact of wasting on specific clinical outcomes. This study examined the effects of wasting on the various components of cardiovascular outcome and deaths caused by infection in hemodialysis patients. Prospective cohort study. 1,255 hemodialysis patients from 178 centers participating in Die Deutsche Diabetes Dialyse Studie (4D) in 1998-2004. Moderate wasting was defined as body mass index, albumin, and creatinine values less than the median (26.7 kg/m(2), 3.8 g/dL, and 6.8 mg/dL, respectively) and C-reactive protein level less than the median (5 mg/L) at baseline. Severe wasting was defined as body mass index, albumin, and creatinine levels less than the median and C-reactive protein level greater than the median at baseline. Risks of sudden cardiac death (SCD), myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, combined cardiovascular events, deaths due to infection, and all-cause mortality were determined using Cox regression analyses during a median of 4 years of follow-up. 196 patients had wasting (severe, n = 109; and moderate, n = 87). Overall, 617 patients died (160 of SCD and 128 of infectious deaths). Furthermore, 469 patients experienced a cardiovascular event, with MI and stroke occurring in 200 and 103 patients, respectively. Compared with patients without wasting (n = 1,059), patients with severe wasting had significantly increased risks of SCD (adjusted HR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.1-3.1), all-cause mortality (adjusted HR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.4-2.4), and deaths due to infection (adjusted HR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.2-4.3). In contrast, MI was not affected. The increased risk of cardiovascular events (adjusted HR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.0-2.1) was explained mainly by the effect of wasting on SCD. Selective patient cohort. Wasting was associated strongly with SCD, but

  7. Pionierin der deutsch-jüdischen Geschichtsschreibung. Leben und Werk Selma Sterns A Pioneer of German-Jewish Historiography: The Life and Work of Selma Stern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelika Schaser

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Im Spannungsfeld von deutsch-jüdischer Geschichte, Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung sowie Wissenschafts- und Exilgeschichte untersucht Marina Sassenberg die Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Selma Sterns Werk und Leben. Seit 1916 verstärkt mit den Auswirkungen von Antisemitismus und Antifeminismus konfrontiert, spiegelt sich in Sterns autobiographischen Schriften und in ihrem wissenschaftlichen Werk zur deutsch-jüdischen Geschichte zunächst ihre Suche als Frau und Intellektuelle nach einem Ort in der deutschen Gesellschaft und im Wissenschaftsbetrieb wider. Ihre Erfahrungen im Nationalsozialismus, in der Emigration in den USA und nach der Rückkehr nach Europa führten zunächst zu einer deutlichen Zäsur in ihrem Werk, bevor sie fünf Jahre nach Kriegsende zu einer Neukonzeption deutsch-jüdischer Geschichte überging, mit der sie an ihre alten Geschichtsentwürfe anknüpfen sollte.Within the tense areas of German-Jewish historiography, women and gender research, and scientific and exile history, Marina Sassenberg examines the interaction between Selma Stern’s work and life. Having been increasingly confronted with effects of anti-Semitism and antifeminism since 1916, Stern’s autobiographical writings and her scientific work on German-Jewish history initially reflect her search for a place in German society and in the scientific community as a woman and an intellectual. Her experiences in National Socialism, in immigration in the USA, and after her return to Europe led at first to a clear break in her work before, five years after the end of the war, she turned to a new conception of German-Jewish history which would tie into her previous historical ideas.

  8. Practical dictionary of environment, nature conservation and land use. English-German; Praxis-Woerterbuch Umwelt, Naturschutz und Landnutzungen. Deutsch-Englisch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hutter, C.P. (ed.) [Stiftung Europaeisches Naturerbe (Euronatur), Ludwigsburg (Germany); Schreiner, J. [Alfred Toepfer Akademie fuer Naturschutz, Schneverdingen (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    More than 30,000 English and 30,000 German terms from these subject fields: agriculture, air pollution abatement, biotope conservation, climate protection, ecology, environmental administration, environmental eduction, environmental engineering, environmental ethics, environmental information, environmental policy, environmental research, fishery, forestry, hunting, landscape management, landscape planning, preventive health care, radiation protection, recycling, regional planning, settlement development, soil conservation, water management, waste, wildlife conservation. (orig.) [German] Mehr als 30 000 deutsche und 30 000 englische Stichworte aus den Themenbereichen: Abfall, Artenschutz, Biotopschutz, Bodenschutz, Fischerei, Forstwirtschaft, Gesundheitsvorsorge, Gewaesserschutz, Jagd, Klimaschutz, Landschaftspflege, Landschaftsplanung, Landwirtschaft, Luftreinhaltung, Oekologie, Raumordnung, Siedlungsentwicklung, Strahlenschutz, Umweltbildung, Umweltethik, Umweltforschung, Umweltinformation, Umweltpolitik, Umwelttechnik, Umweltverwaltung, Wasserwirtschaft, Wiederverwertung. (orig.)

  9. Implementation of Deutsch Algorithm Using Para-Hydrogen Induced Polarization%利用仲氢诱导极化技术实现Deutsch算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田佳欣; 刘文卿; 宋艳红; 轩亚楠; 李军方; 姚叶锋; 魏达秀

    2015-01-01

    The NMR system is one of the physical systems that can be used to realize quantum computation. However, NMR-based quantum computing could have many drawbacks with increasing qubit number. One of the underlying reasons is that the signal of pseudo-pure state decreases exponentially with increasing qubit number. Besides, the process required to prepare a pseudo-pure state becomes more complicated as the spin system gets larger. Furthermore, the pseudo-pure state in NMR system is in fact a mixed state, making it difficult to realize quantum entanglement. In this paper, we used parahydrogen induced polarization (PHIP) technique to prepare a genuine pure state for NMR quantum computation with significantly enhanced signal intensity. The initial state was applied to implement a two-qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm and a three-qubit Deutsch-like algorithm.%核磁共振系统是实现量子计算的有效物理体系之一。但是随着量子位数的不断增加,运用核磁共振技术实现计算任务存在明显的局限性,原因之一是量子计算的初始态—赝纯态,随着量子位数的增加,信号指数性的衰减,量子位数越多制备赝纯态所需的脉冲序列越复杂,越不容易实现,不利于量子位数的扩展;另外,由于核磁共振中制备的赝纯态实际上也是一种混合态,用于实现量子信息任务时存在一定的争议。该文介绍的利用仲氢诱导极化技术(PHIP)制备出的实验初态,能够解决初态处于混合态的问题,并且信号强度显著增强,作者利用此态实现了ALTADENA条件下的两量子位的Deutsch-Jozsa量子算法和PASADENA条件下的三量子位的Deutsch-Like量子算法。

  10. Deutsch-slawischer Siedlungs- und Sprachkontakt im Gebiet zwischen Saale und Neiße – vorgestellt an ausgewählten Ortsnamen (Siedlungsnamen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge Bily

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Saale und Elbe bilden im Wesentlichen die westliche Begrenzung des ehemals kompakten altsorbischen Sprachgebietes. Im Norden schließt das Altsorbische an das Altpolabische, im Osten und Südosten an das Polnische und Tschechische an. Eigennamen bilden eine wichtige Quelle sowohl für die Aufhellung der Geschichte der Besiedlung wie auch ethnischer, sprachlicher und sozialer Verhältnisse, denn historische Siedlungsprozesse fanden ihren Niederschlag u.a. in historischen Belegen von Namen. Diese Belege wie auch die Ableitungsbasen und Benennungsmotive ebenso wie die phonologischen und morphologischen Merkmale der Namen des altsorbischen Kontaktgebietes enthalten eine Vielzahl von Zeugnissen deutsch-slawischer Kontinuität. Auf der Grundlage umfangreicher Studien zu Ortsnamen stellt der Beitrag ausgewählte Beispiele vor. Im ehemals altsorbischen Kontaktgebiet können Ortsnamen (Siedlungsnamen und ihre historische Überlieferung Hinweise auf Siedlungs- und Sprachkontakt geben. Dies belegen eine ganze Reihe von Merkmalen, so z.B.: 1. Unterscheidende Bestimmungswörter 2. Parallele Namengebung mit zeitweiliger Mehrnamigkeit 3. Umbenennung 4. Übersetzung 5. Benennungsparallelismus im deutsch-slawischen Kontaktgebiet 6. Scheinbare sekundäre semantische Verankerung (SSSV 7. Namenpaare 8. Unterscheidende Zusätze 9. Mischnamen (Hybride

  11. Design and optimisation of quantum logic circuits for a three-qubit Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm implemented with optically-controlled, solid-state quantum logic gates

    CERN Document Server

    Del Duce, A; Bayvel, P

    2009-01-01

    We analyse the design and optimisation of quantum logic circuits suitable for the experimental demonstration of a three-qubit quantum computation prototype based on optically-controlled, solid-state quantum logic gates. In these gates, the interaction between two qubits carried by the electron-spin of donors is mediated by the optical excitation of a control particle placed in their proximity. First, we use a geometrical approach for analysing the entangling characteristics of these quantum gates. Then, using a genetic programming algorithm, we develop circuits for the refined Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm investigating different strategies for obtaining short total computational times. We test two separate approaches based on using different sets of entangling gates with the shortest possible gate computation time which, however, does not introduce leakage of quantum information to the control particles. The first set exploits fast approximations of controlled-phase gates as entangling gates, while the other one a...

  12. Differenz als Belastungsprobe. Verhandlungen des deutsch-jüdischen Gesprächs in Bernhard Schlinks Erzählung »Die Beschneidung«

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjam Bitter

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Schlinks Erzählung stellt anhand zweier Liebender das Scheitern eines deutsch-jüdischen Gesprächs dar und verhandelt die Frage, wie viele Differenzen eine Beziehung aushält. Die titelgebende Beschneidung tritt dabei nicht nur auf der Handlungsebene auf, wo der Protagonist durch Konversion zum Judentum die Differenz zu seiner jüdischen Freundin zu überwinden hofft. Auch auf metaphorischer Ebene problematisiert die Erzählung die ›Selbstbeschneidung‹ des Protagonisten, der aus Angst vor Tadel von jüdischen Figuren viele seiner Gedanken nicht ausspricht. Als Opfer antideutscher Vorurteile ruft er diverse antisemitische Stereotype auf. Der Beitrag geht der Frage nach, inwiefern die Erzählung damit für solch stereotypes Gedankengut sensibilisiert und subtil gegen einen antisemitischen und revisionistischen Diskurs anschreibt oder inwiefern sich der Text vielmehr in einen solchen Diskurs einschreibt.

  13. Cómo explicar el nazismo: «Deutsches Requiem» y la Psicología de masas del fascismo

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez, Alberto Julián

    2011-01-01

    En este ensayo voy a contrastar la interpretación de Borges a la de un intelectual austríaco que fue testigo y víctima del régimen de Hitler, Wilhelm Reich. Reich escribió una temprana obra, desde su perspectiva de médico y psicoanalista, interpretando el fenómeno: La psicología de masas del fascismo, de 1934, que revisó y reescribió para la edición norteamericana, aparecida en 1946, el mismo año que Borges publicó «Deutsches Requiem» en la revista Sur. Si bien ambos pensadores tienen objetiv...

  14. Psychiatric research and science policy in Germany: the history of the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fur Psychiatrie (German Institute for Psychiatric Research) in Munich from 1917 to 1945).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, M M

    2000-09-01

    The Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fur Psychiatrie (DFA) in Munich, one of the most important research institutes in the field of theoretical and clinical psychiatry, was founded in 1917 by Emil Kraepelin. Its financial existence between the world wars was assured by generous donations from the Jewish American scholar and philanthropist James Loeb. The scientific work done by Walther Spielmeyer (neuropathology), Felix Plaut (serology), Kurt Schneider (clinical psychiatry) and Ernst Rudin (psychiatric genetics) earned the DFA a reputation as an international center for psychiatry and neurology. During the 'Third Reich' Ernst Rudin cooperated with the National Socialist health system. His genetic concepts provided support for eugenic programmes such as forced sterilization of individuals with psychoses. These complex interactions underscore the importance of the DFA in understanding the recent history of medicine in Germany.

  15. Importance and use of an environment management system implementation and innovative optimization approach es using the example of the RAG Deutsche Steinkohle AG; Bedeutung und Nutzung der Implementierung eines Umweltmanagementsystems und innovative Ansaetze zur Optimierung am Beispiel der RAG Deutsche Steinkohle AG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polysos, Julia

    2014-07-01

    Environmental protection is an important business objective in RAG Deutsche Steinkohle AG (DSK). The management of the company intends the company wide certification according DIN ISO 14001. The law concerning the hard coal financing includes a continuous and socially compatible staff reduction. The company is aimed to manage the hard coal phase-out process considering a sustainable handling of the long-term contamination including public acceptance. The optimization potential includes the implementation and continuation of an area-wide environment management system, the realization of the commissioning management and the environmental evaluation.

  16. 48. Annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie. Joint annual meeting of the DGNR and OeGNR. Abstracts; 48. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie. Gemeinsame Jahrestagung der DGNR und OeGNR. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-09-15

    The conference proceedings of the 48. Annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie contain abstracts on the following issues: neuro-oncological imaging, multimodal imaging concepts, subcranial imaging, spinal codes, interventional neuroradiology, innovative techniques like high-field MRT and hybrid imaging methods, inflammable and metabolic central nervous system diseases and epilepsy.

  17. Der deutsch-französische Konflikt um die Präsidentschaft der Europäischen Zentralbank in der deutschen und französischen Presse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aude Plontz

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Die vorliegende quantitative Inhaltsanalyse diente folgenden Zielen: zum einen der Beschreibung der Berichterstattung über einen mitteleskalierten Konflikt, über den deutsch-französischen Streit um den Vorsitz der Europäischen Zentralbank, und zum anderem dem Aufspüren möglicher Einflußgrößen, die eine deeskalationsorientierte Berichterstattung begünstigen könnten. Zwei deutsche Tageszeitungen, die Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung und die Süddeutsche Zeitung, und zwei französische Tageszeitungen, Le Figaro und Le Monde, wurden untersucht. Insgesamt wurden 1067 Kodiereinheiten (Textabsätze verschlüsselt. Die Verschlüsselung erfolgte anhand eines Kodiersystems für mittel eskalierte Konflikte, das sich an das Kodiersystem für hoch eskalierte Konflikte der Projektgruppe Friedensforschung der Universität Konstanz anlehnt (s. Kempf, 2003, S.137-40. Die Analyse der latenten Klassen ergab fünf Klassen zur Beschreibung der Berichterstattungsstile: Dies sind von der größten zur kleinsten Klasse geordnet: „Abwertung des Gegenübers“, „Betonung der Konfliktintensität mit Unterstützung deeskalationsorientierter Bemühungen“, „Stellungnahme zum Konfliktverlauf“, „Idealisierung der eigenen Seite“, „deeskalationsorientierte Kritik der eigenen Seite“. Die eskalationsorientierten Stile entsprechen den in der Theorie der sozialen Identität von Taifel & Turner (1986 beschriebenen Prozessen des Gruppenvergleichs: Benachteiligung der Außengruppe (vgl. „Abwertung des Gegenübers“ und Bevorzugung der Innengruppe (vgl. „Idealisierung der eigenen Seite“. Insgesamt lässt sich die Berichterstattung als überwiegend eskalationsorientiert mit einigen deeskalationsorientierten Merkmalen kennzeichnen. Die Kontingenzanalysen ergaben, dass die französischen Zeitungen, die Pro-Oppositionszeitungen und die in der letzten Konfliktphase veröffentlichten Zeitungsartikel häufiger deeskalationsorientierte Berichterstattungsstile

  18. German Quality in the Service of a European Public Sphere? An Analysis of the Deutsche Welle’s European Journal program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Ludmila Popescu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis of the European Union has rendered the European public sphere as a forever emerging concept marked by uncertainties regarding its structure. In this context, eyes of both European officials and citizens turn towards the media, the main communication link between the EU and its citizens. The present paper looks at a media product that is designed to permeate multiple national public spheres, the weekly news show European Journal, a half-hour TV program produced by Deutsche Welle and rebroadcast by partner TV channels throughout Europe. Considering the main characteristics of the European public sphere as identified in the literature, with a focus on horizontal Europeanization, and using the method of content analysis, this paper looks at the means employed by the European Journal to support the integration process and to add a European dimension to national public sphere. Findings suggest that the type of public sphere promoted by the European Journal is not centered around the EU as a distinct entity, but around the member states, approach which supports the idea of a horizontal Europeanization.

  19. Berlin-Hamburg maglev train, an integral element of the Deutsche Bahn AG high-speed network; Die Magnetschnellbahn Berlin-Hamburg als integraler Bestandteil des Hochgeschwindigkeitsnetzes der Deutschen Bahn AG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fechner, H. [Magnetschnellbahn-Planungsgesellschaft mbH, Schwerin (Germany)

    1998-12-31

    Berlin will soon be a turntable of traffic in Europa and a gateway to Eastern Europe. The Deutsche Bahn AG high-speed network is an important element. In September 1998, the Berlin-Hanover ICE connection was finished; the Berlin-Hamburg maglev connection will follow by 2005. Berlin will be the linking point of the two systems. (orig.) [Deutsch] Bereits in wenigen Jahren wird Berlin europaeische Verkehrsdrehscheibe und Tor zu Osteuropa sein. Eine Voraussetzung dafuer ist die Anbindung an das Hochgeschwindigkeitsstreckennetz der Deutschen Bahn. Ein wichtiger Schritt dahin ist die Inbetriebnahme der ICE-Verbindung Berlin - Hannover im September 1998; ein folgender wird die Magnetschnellbahnverbindung Berlin - Hamburg im Jahr 2005 sein. Im Hochgeschwindigkeitskonzept der Deutschen Bahn AG wird Berlin die Schnittstelle zwischen Rad/Schiene- und Magnetschwebetechnik bilden und die Verknuepfung der beiden Systeme erstmals demonstrieren. (orig.)

  20. Deutsche Bibliotheksstatistik (DBS: Konzept, Umsetzung und Perspektiven für eine umfassende Datenbasis zum Bibliothekswesen in Deutschland: 10 Fragen von Bruno Bauer an Ronald M. Schmidt, Leiter der DBS / Deutsche Bibliotheksstatistik (DBS: Concept, implementation and prospect for a comprehensive database on library statistics in Germany: 10 questions interview with Ronald M. Schmidt, head of DBS, by Bruno Bauer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmidt, Ronald M.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The DBS, Deutsche Bibliotheksstatistik (German Library Statistics, http://www.bibliotheksstatistik.de, reports since 1974. Around 9000 libraries file data on facilities, equipment, holdings, usage, budget and staff.Data collection, evaluation, and presentation today are carried out online only. Aim of DBS is the formation of a national data pool containing statistical data on all types of libraries.The interview informs about the concept of DBS and its differentation of public, university and specialised libraries. It covers at length the increasing important topic of data collection of holdings and usage in digital libraries. The DBS process of data evaluation and publication will be described and connections between DBS and the library benchmark index BIX will be explained. Finally international cooperation options for DBS will be discussed.

  1. Development of an indicator system for the German action plan to global climate change (DAS); Entwicklung eines Indikatorensystems fuer die Deutsche Anpassungsstrategie an den Klimawandel (DAS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoenthaler, Konstanze; Andrian-Werburg, Stefan von [Bosch und Partner GmbH, Muenchen (Germany); Nickel, Darla [Ecologic gGmbH Institut fuer Internationale und Europaeische Umweltpolitik, Berlin (Germany)

    2011-12-15

    On 17th December 2008 the German Federal Cabinet adopted the German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (DAS: Deutsche Anpassungsstrategie) (BUNDESREGIERUNG 2008). The DAS has created the framework for adapting to the consequences of climate change in Germany. First and foremost, the DAS contributes its guidelines at Federal level, to provide guidance for agents at other levels. The Strategy lays the foundation for a medium-term process. In conjunction with the individual Federal States and other groups representing various sectors of society, the Strategy provides a step-by-step assessment of the risks of climate change. Furthermore, it states the potential requirements for action, and defines the appropriate goals and potential adaptation measures to be developed and implemented in the process. The Strategy is divided into 13 action fields and two cross-sectional fields (=14+15). (1) Human health (2) Building sector (3) Water regime, water management, coastal and marine protection (4) Soil (5) Biological diversity (6) Agriculture (7) Woodland and forestry (8) Fishery (9) Energy industry (conversion, transport and supply) (10) Financial services industry (11) Transport, transport infrastructure (12) Trade and industry (13) Tourism industry (14) Spatial, regional and physical development planning (15) Civil protection. In due course, the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) will design a comprehensive set of tools to support and implement the DAS. This will be made available for download from www.anpassung.net. An integral part of this will be the 'Tatenbank' (www.tatenbank.anpassung.net), the 'Klimalotse' (www.klimalotse.anpassung.net), FISKA (special information system 'Adaptation') and an Indicator System to aid adaptation. The latter is one of the key tasks identified for the DAS. As far as the Indicator System is concerned, it has been decided to prepare a Report on Indicators for the challenges facing Germany and the

  2. Massenmedien und Versöhnung: Die Berichterstattung über den deutsch-französischen Friedensprozeß nach dem 2. Weltkrieg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Jaeger

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Der vorliegende Beitrag beinhaltet die ersten Ergebnisse einer Langzeitstudie, bei der flächendeckend die deutsche Nachkriegsberichterstattung über Frankreich von 1946 bis 1970 inhaltsanalytisch ausgewertet wurde. Die Studie stützt sich dabei auf das Modell der Nachrichtenfaktoren von Johan Galtung, welche nach seiner Ansicht die Auswahl der Themen bestimmen, die zu einer Nachricht werden. Genau in diesen Selektionsroutinen liegt jedoch die implizite Gefahr, Konflikte zu vertiefen statt sie einzudämmen bzw. durch ein breites Verständnis der Hintergründe gewaltfrei bearbeitbar zu machen. Für die Zeit nach einem Krieg könnten sie Hindernisse auf dem Weg zur Annäherung und Aussöhnung ehemaliger Gegner darstellen. Wie jedoch sieht die Berichterstattung nach dem Krieg tatsächlich aus? Zeigen Massenmedien Bereitschaft zu einer veränderten Berichterstattung? Der Fall der französisch-deutschen Aussöhnung, welcher als Beispiel für einen gelungenen Aussöhnungsprozess gelten kann, belegt, dass Friedensprozesse von den Medien durchaus adäquat begleitet werden können: Z.B. ist der Anteil "positiver" Themen bzw. Berichterstattung konsistent höher als der "negativer", und der Anteil von Non-Elite-Themen steigt an und kündet von Interesse an französischer Lebensart und Kultur. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Negativismus in den Medien kein Naturgesetz ist, sondern überwunden werden kann, wenn Frieden und Versöhnung auf der Tagesordnung stehen.

  3. The new European and German law regarding abnormal occurrences - Seveso in the gas industry; Das neue europaeische und deutsche Stoerfallrecht - Seveso in der Gaswirtschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evers, C. [Thyssengas GmbH, Duisburg (Germany)

    1999-03-01

    On 3rd February 1999 the deadline for the realisation of directive 96/82/EC for the control of major accident hazards (Seveso II directive - Directive on the Control of Major Accident Hazards (COMAH)) expired. At the same time a modification to the Federal Pollution Control Act became effective. A fundamental reenactment of the ordinance regarding abnormal occurrences is imminent. The article outlines the contents of the European and planned German rulings and their consequences for gas supply companies. In the light of the example of the pipeline network of the public gas supply in particular it deals from a legal viewpoint with the problems of the newly created term of the `operating area`, with which an abandonment of plant-related pollution control seems to be linked. In conclusion, two fundamental operator obligations are portrayed as examples - the compilation of a concept for the prevention of major accidents and the setting-up of a safety management system. (orig.) [Deutsch] Am 3. Februar 1999 lief die Frist zur Umsetzung der Richtlinie 96/82/EG zur Beherrschung der Gefahren bei schweren Unfaellen mit gefaehrlichen Stoffen (Seveso-II-Richtline [engl.: Directive on the Control Of Major Accident Hazards - COMAH]) ab. Zum gleichen Zeitpunkt trat eine Aenderung des Bundesimmissionsschutzgesetzes in Kraft. Eine grundlegende Novellierung der Stoerfallverordnung steht bevor. Der Beitrag skizziert die Inhalte der europaeischen und geplanten deutschen Regelungen und deren Auswirkungen auf Gasversorgungsunternehmen. Am Beispiel des Pipelinenetzes insbesondere der oeffentlichen Gasversorgung geht er aus juristischer Sicht auf den neugeschaffenen Begriff des `Betriebsbereichs` ein, mit dem eine Abkehr vom anlagenbezogenen Immissionsschutz verbunden zu sein scheint. Abschliessend werden zwei fundamentale Betreiberpflichten exemplarisch dargestellt: Die Erstellung eines Konzepts zur Verhuetung schwerer Unfaelle und der Aufbau eines Sicherheitsmanagementsystems. (orig.)

  4. Substantial agreement of referee recommendations at a general medical journal--a peer review evaluation at Deutsches Ärzteblatt International.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baethge, Christopher; Franklin, Jeremy; Mertens, Stephan

    2013-01-01

    Peer review is the mainstay of editorial decision making for medical journals. There is a dearth of evaluations of journal peer review with regard to reliability and validity, particularly in the light of the wide variety of medical journals. Studies carried out so far indicate low agreement among reviewers. We present an analysis of the peer review process at a general medical journal, Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. 554 reviewer recommendations on 206 manuscripts submitted between 7/2008 and 12/2009 were analyzed: 7% recommended acceptance, 74% revision and 19% rejection. Concerning acceptance (with or without revision) versus rejection, there was a substantial agreement among reviewers (74.3% of pairs of recommendations) that was not reflected by Fleiss' or Cohen's kappa (<0.2). The agreement rate amounted to 84% for acceptance, but was only 31% for rejection. An alternative kappa-statistic, however, Gwet's kappa (AC1), indicated substantial agreement (0.63). Concordance between reviewer recommendation and editorial decision was almost perfect when reviewer recommendations were unanimous. The correlation of reviewer recommendations and citations as counted by Web of Science was low (partial correlation adjusted for year of publication: -0.03, n.s.). Although our figures are similar to those reported in the literature our conclusion differs from the widely held view that reviewer agreement is low: Based on overall agreement we consider the concordance among reviewers sufficient for the purposes of editorial decision making. We believe that various measures, such as positive and negative agreement or alternative Kappa values are superior to the application of Cohen's or Fleiss' Kappa in the analysis of nominal or ordinal level data regarding reviewer agreement. Also, reviewer recommendations seem to be a poor proxy for citations because, for example, manuscripts will be changed considerably during the revision process.

  5. Operating results of a solar-assisted liquid sorption plant at Singapore; Betriebsergebnisse einer solarunterstuetzten Fluessigsorptionsanlage in Singapur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laevemann, E.; Hublitz, A. [Bayerisches Zentrum fuer Angewandte Energieforschung e.V. (ZAE Bayern), Abt.1: Technik fuer Energiesysteme und erneuerbare Energien, Garching (Germany); Pelzer, M. [L-DCS Technology GmbH, Ismaning (Germany)

    2006-07-01

    In the last ten years, ZAE Bayern has been developing an ultra low-flow absorber, which enables efficient energy storage within the liquid desiccant. This technology is commercially available through L-DCS Technology GmbH, founded in 2003. In the current demonstration project L-DCS Technology supplied a liquid desiccant air dehumidification system (11,000 m{sup 3}/h) for a factory unit in Singapore, owned by JTC Corporation. A 550 m{sup 2} flat plate solar collector array drives the desiccant regeneration and 12 m{sup 3} desiccant energy storage covers the difference between the energy need for absorption and the energy supply for regeneration. First operational tests in February 06 showed acceptable absorber performance and energy storage capacity. (orig.)

  6. Monitoring solar gain. Performance of an industrial-scale solar thermal power system; Anlagenertraege kontrollieren. Betriebsergebnisse einer solarthermischen Grossanlage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haug, W.; Rittmann, B. [Fachhochschule Aalen (Germany)

    2001-05-01

    The Carl-Schneider students' hostel of Aalen Technical University gets its warm water from a solar systems. A faulty return valve was detected during a routine check, and the authors therefore stress the need for continuous monitoring of solar systems. [German] Eine Solarwaermeanlage versorgt das Carl-Schneider-Studentenheim der Fachhochschule Aalen mit Warmwasser. Sie funktioniert tadellos. Dem war nicht immer so. Ein klemmendes Rueckschlagventil waere wohl nie entdeckt worden, haette es nicht eine Abnahmemessung gegeben. Die Autoren, Professoren an der Fachhochschule, plaedieren deshalb fuer eine kontinuierliche Ueberwachung von Solaranlagen. (orig.)

  7. In the Know "auf deutsch"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, Renate A.

    1977-01-01

    A classroom "Whiz Quiz," patterned after a television academic game show, was conducted by students in a college German class. The game was conducted entirely in German and sample questions are reproduced here. (CHK)

  8. Quarterly report on the electric power industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. 1st quarter 1997. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Vierteljahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 1. Vierteljahr 1997. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Eletrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG, sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    The report provides data on public electricity supply, on power generation in plants of the mining industry and the manufacturing industry, and on the German Federal Railways. The data have been derived from the monthly reports of the Federal Office of Statistics. (orig.) [Deutsch] Der Bericht enthaelt Zahlen fuer die oeffentliche Versorgung, fuer die Eigenanlagen im Bergbau und Verarbeitenden Gewerbe und fuer die Deutsche Bundesbahn. Die Zahlen sind den monatlichen Berichten des Statistischen Bundesamtes entnommen. (orig.)

  9. Quarterly report on the electric power industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. 2nd quarter 1997. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Vierteljahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 2. Vierteljahr 1997. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-02-01

    The report provides data on public electricity supply, on power generation in plants of the mining industry and the manufacturing industry, and on the German Federal Railways. The data have been derived from the monthly reports of the Federal Office of Statistics. (orig.) [Deutsch] Der Bericht enthaelt Zahlen fuer die oeffentliche Versorgung, fuer die Eigenanlagen im Bergbau und Verarbeitenden Gewerbe und fuer die Deutsche Bundesbahn. Die Zahlen sind den monatlichen Berichten des Statistischen Bundesamtes entnommen. (orig.)

  10. Quarterly report on the electric power industry of the Federal Republic of Germany. 4th quarter 1997. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Vierteljahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 4. Quartal 1997. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    The report provides data on public electricity supply, on power generation in plants of the mining industry and the manufacturing industry, and on the German Federal Railways. The data have been derived from the monthly reports of the Federal Office of Statistics. (orig.) [Deutsch] Der Bericht enthaelt Zahlen fuer die oeffentliche Versorgung, fuer die Eigenanlagen im Bergbau und Verarbeitenden Gewerbe und fuer die Deutsche Bundesbahn. Die Zahlen sind den monatlichen Berichten des Statistischen Bundesamtes entnommen. (orig.)

  11. Quarterly report on the electric power industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. 3rd quarter 1997. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Vierteljahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 3. Vierteljahr 1997. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-02-01

    The report provides data on public electricity supply, on power generation in plants of the mining industry and the manufacturing industry, and on the German Federal Railways. The data have been derived from the monthly reports of the Federal Office of Statistics. (orig.) [Deutsch] Der Bericht enthaelt Zahlen fuer die oeffentliche Versorgung, fuer die Eigenanlagen im Bergbau und Verarbeitenden Gewerbe und fuer die Deutsche Bundesbahn. Die Zahlen sind den monatlichen Berichten des Statistischen Bundesamtes entnommen. (orig.)

  12. Quarterly report on the electric power industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. 3rd quarter 1998. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Vierteljahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 3. Vierteljahr 1998. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, L.

    1999-02-01

    The report provides data on public electricity supply, on power generation in plants of the mining industry and the manufacturing industry, and on the German Federal Railways. The data have been derived from the monthly reports of the Federal Office of Statistics. (orig.) [Deutsch] Der Bericht enthaelt Zahlen fuer die oeffentliche Versorgung, fuer die Eigenanlagen im Bergbau und Verarbeitenden Gewerbe und fuer die Deutsche Bundesbahn. Die Zahlen sind den monatlichen Berichten des Statistischen Bundesamtes entnommen. (orig.)

  13. Quarterly report on the electric power industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. 4th quarter 1998. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, an overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Vierteljahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 4. Vierteljahr 1998. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, L.

    1999-07-01

    The report provides data on public electricity supply, on power generation in plants of the mining industry and the manufacturing industry, and on the German Federal Railways. The data have been derived from the monthly reports of the Federal Office of Statistics. (orig.) [Deutsch] Der Bericht enthaelt Zahlen fuer die oeffentliche Versorgung, fuer die Eigenanlagen im Bergbau und Verarbeitenden Gewerbe und fuer die Deutsche Bundesbahn. Die Zahlen sind den monatlichen Berichten des Statistischen Bundesamtes entnommen. (orig.)

  14. Quarterly report on the electric power industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. 2nd quarter 1998. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Vierteljahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 2. Vierteljahr 1998. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, L.

    1998-10-01

    The report provides data on public electricity supply, on power generation in plants of the mining industry and the manufacturing industry, and on the German Federal Railways. The data have been derived from the monthly reports of the Federal Office of Statistics. (orig.) [Deutsch] Der Bericht enthaelt Zahlen fuer die oeffentliche Versorgung, fuer die Eigenanlagen im Bergbau und Verarbeitenden Gewerbe und fuer die Deutsche Bundesbahn. Die Zahlen sind den monatlichen Berichten des Statistischen Bundesamtes entnommen. (orig.)

  15. Stressbelastung von Medizinstudierenden messen: Übersetzung des „Perceived Medical School Stress Instruments“ in die deutsche Sprache [Measurement of specific medical school stress: translation of the “Perceived Medical School Stress Instrument” to the German language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voltmer, Edgar

    2013-05-01

    Burn-out. Vitaliano et al. haben bereits 1984 ein 13 Items umfassendes Instrument zur Messung der spezifischen Stressbelastung von Medizinstudierenden, das „Perceived Medical School Stress Instrument“ (PMSS, vorgestellt. Es wurde seitdem im englischsprachigen Bereich breit eingesetzt und validiert. Bislang liegt jedoch keine deutschsprachige Version des Instrumentes vor. Ziel des Projektes war die Übersetzung des PMSS in die deutsche Sprache, um es im Rahmen von Studien im deutschsprachigen Raum einzusetzen.Methodik: Die englischsprachigen Items des PMSS wurden von drei Untersuchern in die deutsche Sprache übersetzt. Die Versionen wurden synoptisch gegenübergestellt und auf dieser Basis wurde für jedes Item eine deutschsprachige Version formuliert. Diese Versionen wurden von Muttersprachlerinnen in die englische Sprache zurückübersetzt. Auf der Basis dieser Rückübersetzungen, eines kognitiven Debriefings an 19 deutschen Medizinstudierenden und einer testtheoretischen Evaluation an 169 deutschen Medizinstudierenden wurden dann die endgültigen deutschsprachigen Formulierungen festgelegt. Ergebnisse: Das PMSS konnte ohne größere Schwierigkeiten in die deutsche Sprache übersetzt werden. Sowohl zwischen den Übersetzungen in die deutsche Sprache als auch zwischen beiden Rückübersetzungen waren die Übereinstimmungen groß. Bei Diskrepanzen erfolgte die Einigung schnell und unkompliziert. Der Einsatz der deutschsprachigen Version erbrachte einen guten Wert für die Reliabilität (Cronbachs Alpha 0,81.Schlussfolgerung: Es steht nun auch für deutschsprachigen Raum ein spezifisches Instrument zur Messung der Stressbelastung von Medizinstudierenden zur Verfügung.

  16. Schemann, Hans; Mellado Blanco, Carmen; Buján, Patricia; Iglesias, Nelly; Larreta P.; Mansilla Ana (2013): Idiomatik Deutsch-Spanish/Diccionario idiomático alemán-español.Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag GmBH. 1202 pp.

    OpenAIRE

    Jasmina Markič; Vida Jesenšek

    2013-01-01

    Schemann, Hans; Mellado Blanco, Carmen; Buján, Patricia; Iglesias, Nelly; Larreta P.; Mansilla Ana (2013): Idiomatik Deutsch-Spanish/Diccionario idiomático alemán-español.Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag GmBH. 1202 pp.

  17. German-Russian cooperation in the field of industrial gas turbines for gas pumping stations in the CIS. Final report; Deutsch-Russische Zusammenarbeit bei Industriegasturbinen fuer Erdgas-Pumpstationen der GUS. Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renkel, M.; Kuehnel, R.; Kraus, M.

    1997-06-23

    The final report contains information on the work performed under the `German-Russian cooperation in the field of industrial gas turbines for gas pumping stations in the CIS` between September 1, 1994 and November 30, 1996. During this period the following major tasks were completed: Task A: Preliminary analysis and design work for the development of components for a new IGT power turbine (preliminary design with aerodynamic blade profiles, turbine disks and casings) Task B: Provision of an improved casting process using a large single-crystal hollow blade as an example (after adaptation of the MTU tools to suit Russian machinery directionally solidified single-crystal blades were cast from Russian alloys furnished by MTU and then evaluated) Task C: Investigations into innovative blade technologies in terms of design and materials. (Description of problems encountered in connection with turbine blades and of corrective measures aimed at increasing the blade life; 3 casting test series at VIAM). Despite the very good cooperation with the Russian partners VIAM/Moscow and Motorostroitel/Samara the project was delayed and finally stopped because of problems with the Russian customs authorities as well as problems in connection with deliveries and contractual matters. (orig.) [Deutsch] Der Schlussbericht enthaelt Angaben ueber die im Rahmen der `Deutsch-Russischen Zusammenarbeit bei Industriegasturbinen fuer Erdgas-Pumpstationen der GUS` durchgefuehrten Arbeiten im Zeitraum zwischen dem 1. September 1994 und dem 30. November 1996. In diesem Zeitraum sind im Arbeitsprogramm folgende Hauptaufgaben bearbeitet worden: Aufgabe A: Analytisch-konstruktive Vorarbeiten zu Komponenten-Entwicklung am Beispiel einer neuen IG-Nutzturbine (Auslegung eines Vorentwurfs mit aerodynamischen Schaufelprofilen, Turbinenscheiben und -gehaeuse). Aufgabe B: Bereitstellung verbesserter Gusstechnologie am Beispiel einer grossen einkristallin erstarrten Hohlschaufel (nach Anpassung von MTU

  18. Überblick und Perspektive für die interkulturelle Literatur im Fach „Deutsch als Fremdsprache“ am Beispiel der Chamisso-Preisträgerinnen und -Preisträger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Malaguti

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Der folgende Beitrag präsentiert auf der Grundlage der interkulturellen Germanistik Analysemodelle und Grundstrukturen für den Umgang mit der deutschsprachigen Literatur im Fremdsprachenunterricht, in Studienfächern und in literaturwissenschaftlichen Veranstaltungen mit Bezug auf die deutsche Sprache aus der Fremdperspektive (mit „Deutschbezug“. Eine passende Textauswahl unterstützt die Arbeit mit Literatur in den oben genannten Settings und für die oben genannte Perspektive. Die Literaturforschung über Autorinnen und Autoren, deren Werk von einem Sprach- oder auch Kulturwechsel geprägt ist, wie es z.B. bei den Chamisso-Preisträgerinnen und - Preisträgern der Fall ist, bietet sich als Orientierung. This article presents analysis models and frameworks for dealing with German literature based on the inter- and transcultural approach. For German Literature is taught in different settings, e.g. in language classes as foreign language, academic classes or in academic literature courses about Germany, with the objective to reach the ability to see things from another´s perspective, a suitable text selection supports the work with literature in the above mentioned settings and objective. The research on authors like the Chamisso Prize winners, whose work is characterized by a language or cultural change, is an orientation to reach this aim.

  19. The Neustadt-Glewe geothermal project - problems and experience during operation; Das Geothermieprojekt Neustadt-Glewe - Probleme und Erfahrungen mit einer laufenden Anlage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menzel, H. [Erdwaerme Neustadt-Glewe GmbH (Germany)

    1997-12-01

    The scope and goals of the project and the principle of the Neustadt-Glewe geothermal system are presented. The system was commissioned in February 1995, so that sufficient performance data and availability information are now available. Problems that occurred are described and analyzed. Preliminary analyses of the consumption-dependent cost and cost distribution provide a basis for statements on the economic efficiency of geothermal projects. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es werden Inhalt und Ziel des Projektes, sowie das Prinzip der Geothermienutzung in Neustadt-Glewe kurz dargestellt. Nachdem die Anlage im Februar 1995 in Betrieb ging, koennen erste Betriebsergebnisse und Zuverlaessigkeitsaussagen gegeben werden. Es werden Probleme beim Betrieb der Anlagen geschildert und analysiert. Erste Analysen fuer die verbrauchsabhaengigen Kosten und die Kostenverteilung bilden die Grundlage fuer Aussagen zur Wirtschaftlichkeit derartiger Projekte. (orig.)

  20. Das Projekt "Deutsch als Zweitsprache in Dialektumgebung"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Straßl, Katharina

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the ongoing project "German as a Second Language in a Dialect-Speaking Environment" which is concerned with the acquisition of German as a second language by immigrant children in the German-Speaking part of Switzerland. As this is one of the areas where a distinct dialect coexists with the standard variety, the language acquisition poses a challenge for immigrant children: The daily input does not correspond at all, or only in part, to what the immigrant children should learn (e.g. for achievement in school and career opportunities, namely standard German. The aims of the project are to evaluate existing language measuring methods for preschool children and to develop a test that is adapted to the bilingualism of the immigrant children and the specific diglossic learning situation. Furthermore, an empirical pilot study deals with the language abilities of primary school children and examines how and to what extend the local dialect influences the use of standard German in spoken and written texts.

  1. Deutsche Sage(9)Die Brembr Stadtmusikanten

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    DeutscheSage(9)DieBremerStadtmusikantenEshatteeinManneinenEsel,2derschonlangeJaherdieunver-drossenzurgetragenhatte,dessenaber...

  2. Language awareness und Deutsch als Fremdsprache

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Der Beitrag diskutiert die Rolle des Konzepts der Language Awareness im Fach DaF. Es hat zunächst aus angrenzenden Fächern wie der Fremdsprachendidaktik und der Didaktik des Faches DaZ Eingang in die Didaktik des Faches DaF gefunden. Hier hat es bisher vor allem in der Entwicklung von Curricula eine Rolle gespielt. Eine Perspektive zur weiteren Forschung ist aus Sicht der Autorin im Bereich der Teacher Language Awareness zu sehen. The paper discusses the role of the concept of Language Awaren...

  3. Wie viele Tempora hat das Deutsche?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham P. ten Cate

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available This contribution deals with the question of how many tenses exist in the German language. Answers to this question range from a minimum of one up to no less than about thirteen, but the main problem is, what exactly has to be counted. One has to distinguish between tense forms and temporal functions, and standard German has about 6 forms and 6 functions. Almost every form expresses more than one function, so that about 12 pairs of form and function may be found. Such overlap is not necessary, because speakers can avoid using two forms for one function. However, since this situation is not excluded in principle, we have to accept a certain redundancy in the German tense system.

  4. Fachsprachliche Kollokationen : Schwerpunkt Deutsch-Slowenisch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada Gruntar Jermol

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available ,,Fachsprache hat zwei Dimensionen, das Einzelwort, der Terminus, der meist im Zentnun der Terminologie steht, und die ebenfalls fachsprachliche Kontextualisierung des Terminus in seinen Kollokationen" (Hausmann 2003: 83. Die Suche nach äquivalenten Termini in der Zielsprache ist bei juristischen Texten nicht selten eine anspruchsvolle Aufgabe. Wer Rechtstexte übersetzt, hat es nämlich nicht nur rnit einem Sachgebiet in zwei verschiedenen Sprachen zu tun, sondem rnit zwei Rechtsordnungen in zwei unterschiedlichen Sprachen. Nicht nur die Auswahl entsprechender Termini stellt eine große Herausforderung dar, sondem auch die Auswahl entsprechender Verben, Adjektive und Präpositionen, die sich mit Termini verbinden, z. B.: einen Vertrag schliej3en/ aujheben = skleniti/razveljaviti pogodbo, unter Verwendung einer Wajfe = z uporabo orozja, das Gesetz verabschieden = sprejeti zakon... Solche festen Wortverbindungen können selbst erfahrenen Übersetzem oft erhebliche Schwierigkeiten bereiten, weil sie eiine Übersetzungseinheit bilden und daher nicht einzelsprachlich übersetzt werden können. Beim Fachtextübersetzen bereiten sie Schwierigkeiten nicht nur beim Hin-, sondem auch beim Herübersetzen. Der Grund dafür ist zum einen die Tatsache, dass jede Fachsprache meist Wortverbindungen enthält, die in der Gemeinsprache nicht zu finden sind; und zweitens: Viele dieser spezi:fischen Wortkombinationen sind in verschiedenen Nachschlagewerken (Glossaren, Lexika, Wörterbüchem ... nicht kodifiziert.

  5. Deutsch-estnische Begegnungen bei Fregattenbesuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Fregati Bayern külaskäigust Tallinnasse. Fregati külastusvisiit Tallinnase tähistas kahekümne aasta täitumist kaitse- ja sõjalise koostöö algusest Saksamaa ja Eesti vahel ning 10 aasta täitumist Eesti kuulumisest NATOsse

  6. Deutsch lernen über das Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engler, Lela-Rose

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Seit einigen Jahren wird diskutiert, welche Möglichkeiten die Anwendung und Einbeziehung des "Internet" im Fremdsprachenerwerb bietet. Dabei hat sich das Interesse u. a. darauf gerichtet, welche Potentiale die neuen Medien bei der Gestaltung von fremdsprachlichen Lehr-und Lernprozessen über die Distanz bergen, also über ihren Einsatz im direkten Sprachunterricht hinaus. Erfahrungen mit Sprachkursen auf multimedialer Basis haben zu einer Diskussion über die Veränderungen des Lehrens und Lernens in diesen neuen Umgebungen geführt. Eine große Rolle spielt dabei das autonome Lernen, das durch den Einsatz der neuen Medien im Fremdsprachenunterricht gefördert wird. Noch gibt es nur wenige Untersuchungen zu fremdsprachlichen Lernprozessen in Sprachfernlernkursen. In dem Beitrag sollen neben anderen auch eigene Erfahrungen aus einem Distanzkurs dargestellt werden.

  7. Weltkonjunktur und deutsche Konjunktur im Winter 2012

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    [Weltkonjunktur bleibt vorerst schwach] Die Weltkonjunktur hat im Jahr 2012 weiter an Fahrt verloren. Zur Jahreswende 2012/13 scheint der Tiefpunkt der globalen konjunkturellen Dynamik zwar durchschritten zu sein. Doch belasten Unsicherheiten den Ausblick, die insbesondere im Zusammenhang mit der Staatsschuldenkrise im Euroraum und dem zukünftigen finanzpolitischen Kurs in den Vereinigten Staaten stehen. Für die Prognose ist angenommen, dass sich die Lage im Euroraum allmählich weiter entspan...

  8. Textsammlung zum deutsch-chinesischen Wissenschaftsdialog

    OpenAIRE

    Schmitz, Elmar

    2013-01-01

    [Table of Content] # Part 1: Application-oriented Research/Anwendungsorientierte Forschung. A) Thomas Heupel: Anwendungsorientierte Forschungsentwicklung und 'Forschende Lehre' als Herausforderungen eines berufsbegleitenden Studiums ...1 # Part 2: Optimizing Business Processes/Ansätze zur Prozessoptimierung in der Wirtschaft. B) Shimin Sun: A Study on the Establishment and Management of the Supply Chain of High Quality Pork ...13 C) Shimin Sun: A Study on the Establishment and Management of t...

  9. Deutsche Fremdwortlexikografie zwischen 1800 und 2007

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heier, Anke

    The thesis considers the German lexicography of foreign words from a general evolutionary and selected works based perspective. Using an analytical approach focusing on lexicographic and extended with cultural-semiotic aspects, it is examined if and to what extent a lexicographic and programmatic...

  10. Deutsch-estnische Begegnungen bei Fregattenbesuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Fregati Bayern külaskäigust Tallinnasse. Fregati külastusvisiit Tallinnase tähistas kahekümne aasta täitumist kaitse- ja sõjalise koostöö algusest Saksamaa ja Eesti vahel ning 10 aasta täitumist Eesti kuulumisest NATOsse

  11. Das deutsche Kriegsgefangenenwesen 1939 - 1945

    OpenAIRE

    Geck, Stefan

    1998-01-01

    Zusammenfassung: Die vorliegende Untersuchung zum deutschen Kriegsgefangenenwesen (KGW) im Zweiten Weltkrieg schließt eine wichtige Lücke innerhalb der geschichtswissenschaftlichen Forschungen zum Themenkreis der Kriegsgefangenschaft in deutschem Gewahrsam. Bisherige Studien (bis einschließlich 1997) behandeln vor allem sozial- und kulturgeschichtliche Aspekte der Kriegsgefangenen (Kgf.), der Lagergesellschaft und dem Alltag von Soldaten in Kriegsgefangenschaft. Der Verfasser indes legt mit s...

  12. Musterwiderrufsbelehrungen der Deutsche Gesetzgeber als Kautelarjurist

    OpenAIRE

    Kindl, Johann

    2017-01-01

    [eng] In the last years, the German legislator has been characterized by the provision to legal operators of forms consisting of a kind of instructions about the correct application of the law. The most important and well-known example of a legally privileged prototype is the one of the forms informing the consumer about his or her right to cancel, which are included in the EGBGB (Law of Introduction to the German Civil Code) in the form of an annex. The experience has posed so...

  13. Das deutsche Adverbialsystem (The German Adverbial System)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Droescher, W. O.

    1974-01-01

    Describes the surface structure of German adverbs proceeding from the standpoint of dependence-valence grammar. On the basis of their meaning, adverbs are classified as modal, temporal and locational. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  14. Adverbialpositionen im deutsch-englischen Vergleich

    OpenAIRE

    Frey, Werner; Pittner, Karin

    2009-01-01

    Der Ausgangspunkt ist die These, daß die verschiedenen Adverbialklassen im Deutschen unterschiedliche Basispositionen aufweisen und daß sich diese durch unterschiedliche strukturelle Anforderungen an die Klassen ergeben. Es soll gezeigt werden, daß sich die plausible Vermutung, daß die Adverbialklassen in Sprachen wie dem Deutschen und dem Englischen entsprechenden strukturellen Bedingungen unterliegen, bestätigt. Unterschiede im Verhalten der Adverbiale in den beiden Sprachen werden demnach ...

  15. Deutsche Industrie: Durchwachsene Lage, positive Aussichten

    OpenAIRE

    Lucke, Dorothea

    2013-01-01

    During the first nine months of this year, German industry almost fully compensated for the decline in production of late 2012 and, in 2013, will only just fall short of last year's figures, by an estimated 0.5 percent. Should the economic recovery in the euro area gain momentum as anticipated for next year, an increase in industrial production of three percent is possible. Recent significant improvements in the global economy in particular are having a positive impact on the manufacturing se...

  16. Sprachvermittlung und Spracherwerb in Afrika. Deutsch nach ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Diese Tatsachen wirken sich gewiss negativ auf das. Sprachvermögen und die ... hochgesteckten Ziele einiger Lernenden, in Prestigeberufen in Deutschland zu arbeiten, sind weniger ... Frankfurt a.M.: Peter Lang Verlag. Traoré, S. 2004.

  17. KWL Lingen nuclear plant. Technical annual report 2016; KWL Kernkraftwerk Lingen. Technischer Jahresbericht 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2017-07-01

    The technical annual report 2016 for KWL (Lingen nuclear plant) covers the following sections: dismantling project management and operation, monitoring and clearance; waste management, technical qualification, security and safety, central tasks; licensing and supervision procedures, operational data, radiation monitoring, radioactive materials, in-service inspections.

  18. KWL Lingen nuclear plant. Technical annual report 2015; KWL Kernkraftwerk Lingen. Technischer Jahresbericht 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2016-07-01

    The technical annual report 2015 on the Lingen nuclear plant covers the following issues: report on the segments operation, process engineering, safety engineering, licensing and supervising procedures, operational data, radiation protection, radioactive materials, and in-service inspections.

  19. Safety culture in nuclear power plants. Proceedings; Sicherheitskultur im Kernkraftwerk. Seminarbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-01

    As a consequence of the INSAG-4 report on `safety culture`, published by the IAEA in 1991, the Federal Commission for the Safety of Nuclear Power Plants (KSA) decided to hold a one-day seminar as a first step in this field. The KSA is an advisory body of the Federal Government and the Federal Department of Transport and Energy (EVED). It comments on applications for licenses, observes the operation of nuclear power plants, assists with the preparation of regulations, monitors the progress of research in the field of nuclear safety, and makes proposals for research tasks. The objective of this seminar was to familiarise the participants with the principles of `safety culture`, with the experiences made in Switzerland and abroad with existing concepts, as well as to eliminate existing prejudices. The main points dealt with at this seminar were: - safety culture from the point of view of operators, - safety culture from the point of view of the authorities, - safety culture: collaboration between power plants, the authorities and research organisations, - trends and developments in the field of safety culture. Invitations to attend this seminar were extended to the management boards of companies operating Swiss nuclear power plants, and to representatives of the Swiss authorities responsible for the safety of nuclear power plants. All these organisations were represented by a large number of executive and specialist staff. We would like to express our sincerest thanks to the Head of the Federal Department of Transport and Energy for his kind patronage of this seminar. (author) figs., tabs., refs.

  20. Licensee responsibility for nuclear power plant safety; Verantwortung der Genehmigungsinhaber fuer die Sicherheit der Kernkraftwerke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Horst

    2010-02-15

    Simple sentences easy to grasp are desirable in regulations and bans. However, in a legal system, their meaning must be unambiguous. Article 6, Paragraph 1 of the EURATOM Directive on a community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear facilities of June 2009 states that 'responsibility for the nuclear safety of a nuclear facility is incumbent primarily on the licensee.' The draft 'Safety Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants, Revision D, April 2009' of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) (A Module 1, 'Safety Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants: Basic Safety Criteria' / '0 Principles' Paragraph 2) reads: 'Responsibility for ensuring safety rests with the licensee. He shall give priority to compliance with the safety goal over the achievement of other operational objectives.' In addition, the existing rules and regulations, whose rank is equivalent to that of international regulations, assign priority to the safety goal to be pursued by the licensee over all other objectives of the company. The operator's responsibility for nuclear safety can be required and achieved only on the basis of permits granted, which must meet legal requirements. The operator's proximity to plant operation is the reason for his 'primary responsibility.' Consequently, verbatim incorporation of Article 6, Paragraph 1 of the EURATOM Directive would only be a superscript added to existing obligations of the operator - inclusive of a safety culture designed as an incentive to further 'the spirit of safety-related actions' - without any new legal contents and consequences. In the reasons of the regulation, this would have to be clarified in addition to the cryptic wording of 'responsibility.. primarily,' at the same time expressing that operators and authorities work together in a spirit of openness and trust. (orig.)

  1. Annual report of the electric power industry of the Federal Republic of Germany 1995. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Jahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1995. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    For the year under report, figures are given on: Origin and consumption of electric power; power generation in public utilities, industrial plants and the Deutsche Bahn AG; development of power consumption in the network of public utilities in the federal states; net power generation and consumption in industry and development of the gross power generation in public power plants and industrial units in the federal states. (HS) [Deutsch] Fuer das Berichtsjahr werden in Tabellen Zahlen dargestellt betreffend: Herkunft und Verbleib der elektrischen Arbeit; Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG; Entwicklung des Stromverbrauches aus dem Netz der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetsversorgung in den Bundeslaendern; Netto-Stromerzeugung und -Stromverbrauch der Industrie und Entwicklung der Brutto-Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Kraftwerke und der industriellen Eigenanlagen in den Bundeslaendern. (HS)

  2. Annual report of the electric power industry of the Federal Republic of Germany 1997. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Jahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1997. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, L.

    1999-01-01

    For the year under report, figures are given on: Origin and consumption of electric power; power generation in public utilities, industrial plants and the Deutsche Bahn AG; development of power consumption in the network of public utilities in the federal states; net power generation and consumption in industry and development of the gross power generation in public power plants and industrial units in the federal states. (orig.) [Deutsch] Fuer das Berichtsjahr werden in Tabellen Zahlen dargestellt betreffend: Herkunft und Verbleib der elektrischen Arbeit; Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG; Entwicklung des Stromverbrauchs aus dem Netz der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetsversorgung in den Bundeslaendern; Netto-Stromerzeugung und -Stromverbrauch der Industrie und Entwicklung der Brutto-Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Kraftwerke und der industriellen Eigenanlagen in den Bundeslaendern. (orig.)

  3. Annual report of the electric power industry of the Federal Republic of Germany 1996. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Jahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1996. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    For the year under report, figures are given on: Origin and consumption of electric power; power generation in public utilities, industrial plants and the Deutsche Bahn AG; development of power consumption in the network of public utilities in the federal states; net power generation and consumption in industry and development of the gross power generation in public power plants and industrial units in the federal states. (orig.) [Deutsch] Fuer das Berichtsjahr werden in Tabellen Zahlen dargestellt betreffend: Herkunft und Verbleib der elektrischen Arbeit; Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG; Entwicklung des Stromverbrauchs aus dem Netz der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetsversorgung in den Bundeslaendern; Netto-Stromerzeugung und -Stromverbrauch der Industrie und Entwicklung der Brutto-Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Kraftwerke und der industriellen Eigenanlagen in den Bundeslaendern. (orig.)

  4. Evaluation of load case ``switch-off of the high pressure pump of the emergency core cooling system``, measures of verification and in situ-test; Einstufung des Lastfalls ``Ausfall der TH-Hochdruckeinspeisepumpe``, Massnahmen zur Verifikation bis hin zum Grossversuch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trobitz, M.; Mattheis, A. [Kernkraftwerke Gundremmingen Betriebsgesellschaft m.b.H. (Germany); Kerkhof, K.; Hippelein, K. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Staatliche Materialpruefungsanstalt; Gurr-Beyer, C. [Buero fuer Baudynamik, Stuttgart (Germany); Hofstoetter, P. [Technischer Ueberwachungs-Verein Rheinland e.V., Koeln (Germany)

    1998-11-01

    Within the framework of periodic safety inspection of the Gundremmingen power station (RWE-Bayernwerk - KRB II), the load collectives used for the design of safety-relevant systems and components were checked for their consistency with latest updates of the design basis. It was found that there was no analytical information or study available describing a particular process and its effects, namely switch-off of the high-pressure feedwater pump of the emergency core cooling system. The paper reports the work performed for closing the gap, including preparatory analyses, accompanying measures such as vibration measurements during plant shut-down, as well as the preparation and performance of the in-situ test. The experimental results and the comparative evaluation of calculated and experimental data are presented. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Im Rahmen der periodischen Sicherheitsueberpruefung des Kernkraftwerkes Gundremmingen (Kernkraftwerke RWE-Bayernwerk - KRB II) wurden u.a. die Lastkollektive, die zur Auslegung sicherheitstechnisch relevanter Systeme und Komponenten herangezogen wurden, auf Aktualitaet ueberprueft. Dabei zeigte sich, dass bislang fuer eine Betriebsweise - naemlich das Abschalten der Hochdruckeinspeisepumpe des nuklearen Not- und Nachkuehlsystems (TH-HD-Pumpe) - keine analytischen Untersuchungen vorliegen. Vorbetrachtungen fuer analytische Untersuchungen, begleitende Massnahmen wie Schwingungsmessungen waehrend des Anlagenstillstandes, sowie der Versuchsaufbau und die Versuchsdurchfuehrung des Anlagenversuches werden hier dargestellt. Die Ergebnisse und der Vergleich Rechnung-Messung zum Grossversuch werden in diesem Beitrag vorgestellt. (orig.)

  5. Quarterly report on the electric power industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. 2nd quarter 2000. Power generation in public-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units, and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Vierteljahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 2. Vierteljahr 2000. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, L.

    2001-01-01

    The report provides data on public electricity supply, on power generation in plants of the mining industry and the manufacturing industry, and on the German Federal Railways. The data have been derived from the monthly reports of the Federal Office of Statistics. (HS) [German] Der Bericht enthaelt Zahlen fuer die oeffentliche Versorgung, fuer die Eigenanlagen im Bergbau und Verarbeitendes Gewerbe und fuer die Deutsche Bundesbahn. Die Zahlen sind den monatlichen Berichten des Statistischen Bundesamtes entnommen. (HS)

  6. Quarterly report on the electric power industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. 3rd quarter 1999. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Vierteljahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 3. Vierteljahr 1999. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, L.

    2000-02-01

    The report provides data on public electricity supply, on power generation plants of the mining industry and the manufacturing industry, and on the German Federal Railways. The data have been derived from the monthly reports of the Federal Office of Statistics. (HS) [German] Der Bericht enthaelt Zahlen fuer die oeffentliche Versorgung, fuer die Eigenanlagen im Bergbau und Verarbeitenden Gewerbe und fuer die Deutsche Bundesbahn. Die Zahlen sind den monatlichen Berichten des Statistischen Bundesamtes entnommen. (HS)

  7. Conference Report: “Thirty Years of German–Beninese Cooperation in Social Science Research on Benin: Topics, Conclusions, Future Prospects” – Thurnau/Bayreuth, 8–10 March 2012 Konferenzbericht: “30 Jahre sozialwissenschaftliche Benin-Forschung in deutsch-beninischer Zusammenarbeit: Themen, Ergebnisse, Ausblicke” – Thurnau/Bayreuth, 8.-10. März 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeannett Martin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This report summarizes the contributions and debates from a conference on German–Beninese cooperation in social science research (8–10 March 2012, University of Bayreuth. In drawing on the experiences from more than three decades of social science research on this West African country, it refers to examples from the past and present of African Studies in Germany, as well as describing the potential for German–African cooperation in this field in the future. Aside from this, it raises the question of whether and how social science cooperation is possible given the economic and power disparities. It is argued that cooperation “on equal terms” will not be easy to achieve but must be consistently striven for – personally as well as politically.Dieser Bericht fasst die Beiträge und Debatten einer Konferenz zur deutsch-beninischen Kooperation in der Sozialforschung (Universität Bayreuth, 8.-10. März 2012 zusammen. Indem Erfahrungen aus drei Jahrzehnten Sozialforschung zu diesem westafrikanischen Land skizziert werden, entsteht beispielhaft ein Bild der Afrikaforschung in Deutschland. Die Potenziale deutsch-afrikanischer Zusammenarbeit in diesem Bereich werden deutlich. Gleichzeitig wird die Frage beleuchtet, ob und wie angesichts der vorhandenen wirtschaftlichen Unterschiede und hierarchischen Strukturen eine Kooperation in der sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschung möglich ist. Die Autorinnen halten eine Zusammenarbeit zu gleichen Bedingungen für schwer erreichbar, plädieren aber dafür, sich kontinuierlich dafür einzusetzen – persönlich und politisch.

  8. The Chernobyl reactor accident, ten years on. Teaching projects for mathematics instruction in interdisciplinary working groups; 10 Jahre nach Tschernobyl. Unterrichtsprojekte fuer den Mathematikunterricht in faecheruebergreifenden Kooperationen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boer, H. [comp.; Delle, E. [comp.; Mies, K. [comp.; Warmeling, A. [comp.

    1996-10-01

    The booklet presents background information and addresses the following aspects: ionizing radiation and radiation effects; safety of German nuclear power plants; statistical evidence of radiation injuries; short-lived and long-lived ionizing radiation; radioactive waste; CO{sub 2} emissions as an argument in favour of nuclear power generation. The material presented is intended for use by a school project team interested in the subjects, or as a basis for collaborative, interdisciplinary teaching in working groups, and it offers information and problems for mathematics teaching. (HP) [Deutsch] Neben vielen Informationen behandelt die Broschuere: Strahlen und Strahlenwirkungen; Sicherheit deutscher Kernkraftwerke; statistischer Nachweis von Strahlenschaeden; Kurz- und Langfestigkeit der Strahlenbelastung; radioaktiver Abfall; CO{sub 2}-Problematik als Argument fuer die Kernenergie. Die Broschuere ist gedacht z.B. fuer eine Projektgruppe, einen Projekttag, fuer eine Lerngruppe in faecheruebergreifender Kooperation. Die Materialien sind ausgearbeitet fuer die Themembearbeitung im Mathematikunterricht mit Uebungsaufgaben. (HP)

  9. A methodology for the analysis of a thermal-hydraulic phenomenon investigated in a test facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D`Auria, F. [Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Constructions, Pisa Univ. (Italy); Faluomi, V. [Dept. of Mechanical and Nuclear Constructions, Pisa Univ. (Italy); Aksan, N. [Lab. for Thermal-Hydraulics, Paul Scherrer Inst., Villigen (Switzerland)

    1995-08-01

    A methodology for analysing non-homogeneous sets of experimental data for a selected phenomenon from separate effect test facilities and integral test facilities is presented in this paper. The critical heat flux from the validation matrices was chosen as the phenomenon to be studied; the results obtained in three test facilities are analysed. The method presented is applied for estimating the accuracy with which a thermalhydraulic transient code can predict the critical heat flux in an actual nuclear power plant. (orig.) [Deutsch] Gegenstand des Beitrags ist ein Verfahren zur Analyse ungleichartiger Datensaetze, die bei der experimentellen Untersuchung eines bestimmten thermohydraulischen Phaenomens in speziellen oder integralen Testeinrichtungen gewonnen wurden. Bei dem untersuchten Phaenomen handelt es sich hier um die kritische Waermestromdichte; experimentelle Daten aus drei Testeinrichtungen werden analysiert. Das Verfahren wird benutzt, um die Genauigkeit abzuschaetzen, mit der ein thermohydraulischer Rechencode zur Beschreibung von Uebergangszustaenden die kritische Waermestromdichte in einem Kernkraftwerk vorhersagen kann. (orig.)

  10. Nuclear knowledge-management. A core competence of VGB; Uebergreifendes Wissensmanagement fuer Kernkraftwerke. Eine VGB-Kernkompetenz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pamme, Hartmut [RWE Power AG, Essen (Germany). Steuerung Kernkraftwerke

    2009-07-01

    It is a well established expectation that utilities/operators of nuclear power plants communicate their own operational situation and are able to comment promptly on any findings and events in the international nuclear scene. In order to gain synergies on knowledge management, utilities have been using VGB as common platform for many years. The paper describes the generic expectations concerning knowledge management towards an association like VGB. It is analysed which elements and peculiarities of modern knowledge management are already established within VGB in the nuclear field. (orig.)

  11. VGH Mannheim: legitimacy of the decommissioning license for a nuclear power plant; VGH Mannheim: Rechtmaessigkeit der Stilllegungsgenehmigung fuer ein Kernkraftwerk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2015-03-16

    The contribution describes the details of the court (VGH) decision on the legitimacy of the decommissioning license for the NPP Obrigheim. Inhabitants of the neighborhood (3 to 4.5 km distance from the NPP) are suspect hazards for life, health and property due to the dismantling of the nuclear power plant in case of an accident during the licensed measures or a terroristic attack with radioactive matter release.

  12. Harmonisation of licensing processes for decommissioning. Options and limitations; Genehmigungsverfahren fuer die Stilllegung der deutschen Kernkraftwerke. Konvoi oder Kakophonie?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raetzke, Christian

    2016-03-15

    The shutdown of eight reactors in Germany in the wake of Fukushima 2011 and the scheduled phase-out of the remaining units in several steps ending 2022 has obviously triggered a wave of applications for decommissioning and dismantling licences. It would seem natural to strive for a harmonised handling of these processes, analogous to the 'convoi' concept which was successfully employed for licensing and construction of the three most recent German NPPs in the 1980s. However, a comparative analysis shows that the motivation of all players is much different from that of earlier times and that harmonisation of licensing processes for dismantling is not as crucial for operators, authorities and technical support organisations as it was for construction.

  13. Source Term Analysis for the Nuclear Power Station Goesgen-Daeniken; Quelltermanalysen fuer das Kernkraftwerk Goesgen-Daeniken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hosemann, J.P.; Megaritis, G.; Guentay, S.; Hirschmann, H.; Luebbesmeyer, D.; Lieber, K.; Jaeckel, B.; Birchley, J.; Duijvestijn, G

    2001-08-01

    Analyses are performed for three accident scenarios postulated to occur in the Goesgen Nuclear Power Plant, a 900 MWe Pressurised Water Reactor of Siemens design. The scenarios investigated comprise a Station Blackout and two separate cases of small break loss-of-coolant accident which lead, respectively, to high, intermediate and low pressure conditions in the reactor system. In each case the accident assumptions are highly pessimistic, so that the sequences span a large range of plant states and a damage phenomena. Thus the plant is evaluated for a diversity of potential safety challenges. A suite of analysis tools are used to examine the reactor coolant system response, the core heat-up, melting, fission product release from the reactor system, the transport and chemical behaviour of those fission products in the containment building, and the release of radioactivity (source term) to the environment. Comparison with reference values used by the licensing authority shows that the use of modern analysis tools and current knowledge can provide substantial reduction in the estimated source term. Of particular interest are insights gained from the analyses which indicate opportunities for operators to reduce or forestall the release. (author)

  14. Annual report of the electric power industry of the Federal Republic of Germany 2000. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Jahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2000. Stromerzeugung der allgemeinen Elektrizitaetswerke einschliesslich der Deutschen Bahn AG und der industriellen Eigenanlagen sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karasch, G.M.

    2002-05-01

    For the year under report, figures are given on: Origin and consumption of electric power; power generation in public utilities, industrial plants and the Deutsche Bahn AG; development of power consumption in the network of public utilities in the federal states; net power generation and consumption in industry and development of the gross power generation in public power plants and industrial units in the federal states. [German] Fuer das Berichtsjahr werden in Tabellen Zahlen dargestellt betreffend: Herkunft und Verbleib der elektrischen Arbeit; Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG; Entwicklung des Stromverbrauchs aus dem Netz der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetsversorgung in den Bundeslaendern; Netto-Stromerzeugung und -Stromverbrauch der Industrie und Entwicklung der Brutto-Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Kraftwerke und der industriellen Eigenanlagen in den Bundeslaendern.

  15. Annual report of the electric power industry of the Federal Republic of Germany 1998. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Jahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1998. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, L.

    1999-12-01

    For the year under report, figures are given on: Origin and consumption of electric power; power generation in public utilities, industrial plants and the Deutsche Bahn AG; development of power consumption in the network of public utilities in the federal states; net power generation and consumption in industry and development of the gross power generation in public power plants and industrial units in the federal states. (orig.) [German] Fuer das Berichtsjahr werden in Tabellen Zahlen dargestellt betreffend: Herkunft und Verbleib der elektrischen Arbeit; Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG; Entwicklung des Stromverbrauchs aus dem Netz der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetsversorgung in den Bundeslaendern; Netto-Stromerzeugung und -Stromverbrauch der Industrie und Entwicklung der Brutto-Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Kraftwerke und der industriellen Eigenanlagen in den Bundeslaendern. (orig.)

  16. Annual report of the electric power industry of the Federal Republic of Germany 1999. Power generation in publicly-owned electric utilities, the industrial independent units and the Deutsche Bahn AG, and overall power consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany; Jahresbericht ueber die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1999. Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG sowie Gesamtstromverbrauch in der Bundesrepublik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, L.

    2000-08-01

    For the year under report, figures are given on: Origin and consumption of electric power; power generation in public utilities, industrial plants and the Deutsche Bahn AG; development of power consumption in the network of public utilities in the federal states; net power generation and consumption in industry and development of the gross power generation in public power plants and industrial units in the federal states. (orig.) [German] Fuer das Berichtsjahr werden in Tabellen Zahlen dargestellt betreffend: Herkunft und Verbleib der elektrischen Arbeit; Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetswerke, der industriellen Eigenanlagen und der Deutschen Bahn AG; Entwicklung des Stromverbrauchs aus dem Netz der oeffentlichen Elektrizitaetsversorgung in den Bundeslaendern; Netto-Stromerzeugung und -Stromverbrauch der Industrie und Entwicklung der Brutto-Stromerzeugung der oeffentlichen Kraftwerke und der industriellen Eigenanlagen in den Bundeslaendern. (orig.)

  17. The solar furnace of DLR Koeln; Der Sonnenofen der DLR Koeln

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neumann, A.; Dibowski, G.; Groer, U. [Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Koeln (Germany). Hauptabteilung Energietechnik

    1997-12-31

    In 1991 the North-Rhine Westphalian Government established the so-called Solar Working Group as a platform for the selective promotion of solar energy research and utilisation projects. In opting for the realisation of the ``high-flux density solar furnace`` project DLR has undertaken to provide an easily accessible, infrastructurally well-equipped installation for all experiments requiring highly concentrated sunlight. The project aim set out at the beginning has been realised to the full. The performance data of the solar furnace show that the original specifications have been overfulfilled in some cases. The great response and the very favourable operating results of the solar furnace since 1994 clearly demonstrate that this kind of plant can be operated satisfactorily under radiation conditions as they prevail in the region around Koeln. (AKF) [Deutsch] Im Jahre 1991 ist die Arbeitsgemeinschaft Solar durch die nordrheinwestfaelische Landesregierung ins Leben gerufen worden, um Projekte zur Erforschung und Nutzung von Solarenergie gezielt foerdern zu koennen. Um all denjenigen Experimenten, die hochkonzentrierte Sonnenstrahlung benoetigen, eine leicht erreichbare und mit guter Infrastruktur ausgestattete Anlage bieten zu koennen, hat sich die DLR zur Verwirklichung des Projektes `Hochflussdichte-Sonnenofen` entschieden. Das gesetzte Projektziel konnte in vollem Umfang erreicht werden. Die Leistungsdaten des Sonnenofens zeigen, dass die Auslegungswerte zum Teil uebertroffen werden konnten. Die grosse Resonanz und die sehr positiven Betriebsergebnisse des Sonnenofens seit Juni 1994 zeigen deutlich, dass der Betrieb einer solchen Anlage auch unter den Einstrahlungsbedingungen in der Koelner Region sinnvoll ist. (orig./AKF)

  18. Israelische Public Diplomacy und ihre Wahrnehmung durch deutsche Journalisten

    OpenAIRE

    Florian Fleischer; Katharina Füser; Johanna Isermeyer

    2014-01-01

    Public Diplomacy stellt insbesondere für Staaten in internationalen Konflikten wie Israel ein wichtiges Kommunikationsinstrument dar, um ausländische Bevölkerungen zu erreichen. Der Artikel zeigt die Ergebnisse einer Studie, in der untersucht wurde, wie die israelische Public Diplomacy von deutschen Journalisten aufgenommen und verarbeitet wird. Journalisten kommt dabei eine Schlüsselrolle als Mittler zwischen dem israelischen Staat und der deutschen Bevölkerung zu. In Anlehnun...

  19. Israelische Public Diplomacy und ihre Wahrnehmung durch deutsche Journalisten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Fleischer

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Public Diplomacy stellt insbesondere für Staaten in internationalen Konflikten wie Israel ein wichtiges Kommunikationsinstrument dar, um ausländische Bevölkerungen zu erreichen. Der Artikel zeigt die Ergebnisse einer Studie, in der untersucht wurde, wie die israelische Public Diplomacy von deutschen Journalisten aufgenommen und verarbeitet wird. Journalisten kommt dabei eine Schlüsselrolle als Mittler zwischen dem israelischen Staat und der deutschen Bevölkerung zu. In Anlehnung an den Katalog der Public Diplomacy-Maßnahmen von Gilboa (2006 wurde die Relevanz einzelner Maßnahmen für Journalisten erfragt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass persönliche Kontakte für Journalisten nach wie vor eine wichtige Quelle darstellen und nicht von Cyber-Public Diplomacy ersetzt werden können. Staatliche Public Diplomacy wird zwar wahrgenommen, jedoch wird ihre Objektivität bezweifelt, während NGOs und Stiftungen als vertrauenswürdiger eingestuft werden. Des Weiteren wird Israel in der Öffentlichkeit nach wie vor dominierend mit dem Nahostkonflikt identifiziert, was sich nach Meinung der befragten Journalisten auch in Zukunft nicht durch gezielte Öffentlichkeitsarbeit verhindern lässt.

  20. Deutsche Sage(9)Die Wichel als Schuhmacher in Eschwege

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    DeutscheSage(9)DieWichtelalsSchuhmacherinEschwegeInderaltenReichstadtEschwegelebteeinstMeisterJobsen,einarmerSchuhflicker。2Ei...

  1. 'ECKEL, Jan, Geist der Zeit, Deutsche Wissenschaften seit 1870'

    OpenAIRE

    Georget, Jean-Louis

    2013-01-01

    Le livre de J.E. informe les lecteurs de façon concise et dans un style agréable sur les évolutions les plus importantes des sciences sociales et humaines allemandes depuis 1870. L'auteur décrit le contexte intellectuel et institutionnel dans lequel se déploient et évoluent ces disciplines. Le spectre des disciplines concernées est large : il comprend les disciplines classiques comme l’histoire, la philosophie ou la philologie, mais aussi les matières nouvellement apparues comme la psychologi...

  2. Deutsche und albanische Phraseologismen mit Tierbezeichnungen im Kontrast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadiku, Milote

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The object of this article are animal idioms in contemporary German and Albanian: the article treats those units that denote animal names in their formal structure with phraseological, figurative meaning. The aim of the article is to identify and describe the differences and similarities between these two languages from the viewpoint of a contrastive analysis. The German phraseology has often been the subject of inter-linguistic comparisons. However, this can not be claimed for the German – Albanian language analysis. In this article, some similarities and differences in animal symbolism in the German and Albanian phraseology are illustrated by typical examples, and equivalence relations between the German and Albanian animal idioms are identified.It can be concluded that the animal names in idiom units indicate positive and negative characteristics or behavior of people. One result is that the negative semantic characteristics predominate in both languages. The animal name depends on a concrete idiom not only from the ideas and values that are attributed to an animal in a language community, but also from the already existing structures and pragmatic rules in a concrete language.

  3. Deutsche und albanische Phraseologismen mit Tierbezeichnungen im Kontrast

    OpenAIRE

    Sadiku, Milote

    2011-01-01

    The object of this article are animal idioms in contemporary German and Albanian: the article treats those units that denote animal names in their formal structure with phraseological, figurative meaning. The aim of the article is to identify and describe the differences and similarities between these two languages from the viewpoint of a contrastive analysis. The German phraseology has often been the subject of inter-linguistic comparisons. However, this can not be claimed for the German – A...

  4. Lern- und Reisemotivation bei Deutsch lernenden japanischen Studenten

    OpenAIRE

    Christ-Kagoshima, Gabriele

    2010-01-01

    This research note refers to the evaluation of questionnaires handed to students of several faculties at Hokkaido University in summer semester 2009. The students are learning German as a foreign language. They were asked about their knowledge of German speaking countries, their usage of media as a means of obtaining cultural knowledge about DACH (D eutschland, A ustria, CH Conf. Helvetica), and about their learning and travelling motivation. Obtaining knowledge of a country whose language on...

  5. 1989 und die Folgen. Deutsche Gegenwartsgeschichte im Nachwendefilm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolf G. Renner

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Schlöndorffs Filme Die verlorene Ehre der Katharina Blum und Die Stille nach dem Schuss spiegeln in signifikanter Weise einen Wandel des intellektuellen Diskurses über Politik in Deutschland nach 1945, zugleich konturieren sie ihn mit unterschiedlichen ästhetischen Mitteln. Die Verlorene Ehre der Katharina Blum rekonstruiert die ideologische Situation des Jahres 1968, in der Schlöndorff in enger Zusammenarbeit mit Böll eine markante Position bezieht, die Stille nach dem Schuss skizziert demgegenüber eine Bewusstseinslage, in der erstmals nach der Wende des Jahres 1989 die politischen und ideologischen Widersprüche innerhalb der früheren DDR und die Aufarbeitung der Stasivergangenheit offen thematisiert werden. Dabei beleuchtet Schlöndorff zugleich kritisch die eigene Haltung als westlicher Intellektueller gegenüber der DDR und im vereinigten Deutschland. Dagegen machen die neueren Filme Der Baader Meinhof Komplex und Die innere Sicherheit auf je unterschiedliche Weise die Neubewertung der Außerparlamentarischen Opposition und der Baader Meinhof Gruppe deutlich, die ebenfalls nach 1989 einsetzt. Dabei führt der Film von Eichinger und Edel zu einer Historisierung und ideologiekritischen Entheroisierung, seine Präsentation einer Phase der politischen Opposition in Deutschland wird mit Mitteln des action-Films entfaltet. Petzolds Film dagegen zeigt die Folgen dieser Bewegung in der für die „Berliner Schule" typischen Konzentration auf das Private.

  6. Electro-optics laboratory evaluation: Deutsch optical waveguide connectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    A description of a test program evaluating the performance of an optical waveguide connector system is presented. Both quality and effectiveness of connections made in an optical fiber, performance of the equipment used and applicability of equipment and components to field conditions are reviewed.

  7. Rhipicephalus microplus strain Deutsch, 10 BAC clone sequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    The cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, has a genome over 2.4 times the size of the human genome, and with over 70% of repetitive DNA, this genome would prove very costly to sequence at today's prices and difficult to assemble and analyze. We used labeled DNA probes from the coding reg...

  8. Lernen Wir Deutsch! Part 10, German: 7535.02.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This course in German prescribes broad goals and performance objectives for the development of cultural awareness, student attitudes, and listening, speaking, writing, and reading skills. The content of the course, based on Units 21 and 22 of "A-LM German: Level 2" and "Reading for Meaning," requires mastery of selected…

  9. Lernen Wir Deutsch! Part 5, German: 7534.01.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This course in German prescribes broad goals and performance objectives for the development of cultural awareness, student attitudes, and listening, speaking, writing, and reading skills. Students plan an imaginary shopping trip and visit to the city. Practice in asking directions and discussion of such German customs as a skiing trip and the…

  10. Lernen Wir Deutsch! Part 9, German: 7535.01.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This course in German prescribes broad goals and performance objectives for the development of cultural awareness, student attitudes, and listening, speaking, writing, and reading skills. Students read about and discuss a castle built by Ludwig, the "Mad King of Bavaria," and become acquainted with Bonn, the capital of West Germany. The…

  11. Lernen Wir Deutsch! Part 13, German: 7536.01.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This course in German prescribes broad goals and performance objectives for the development of cultural awareness, student attitudes, and listening, speaking, writing, and reading skills. Students gain an insight into life in postwar Germany through stories about this period of history. Structural items stressed, are relative pronouns and clauses,…

  12. Geschichte der Lexikographie mit Deutsch und Dänisch

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergenholtz, Henning; Mogensen, Jens Erik

    1995-01-01

    Man kunne tro, at leksikografiens historie kan beskrives i form af uafbrudt forbedring af teori og praksis. Det er ikke tilfældet. Den første dansk-tyske ordbog blev trykt i 1764. Et første højdepunkt i dette sprogpars leksikografiske historie foreligger mellem 1800 og 1830. Hermed menes et både ...

  13. ‚Gedenke, dass Du eine deutsche Frau bist‘

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Müller

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Christiane Streubel untersucht den Einfluss radikaler Nationalistinnen in der Weimarer Republik. Feminismus und Nationalismus, weithin als unvereinbar verstanden, wird bei den völkisch-antisemitischen Agitatorinnen in der Idee der Volksgemeinschaft zusammengedacht. Im Mittelpunkt der Untersuchung steht insbesondere das eigenständige Engagement dieser Frauenbewegung, die Streubel als völkisch-nationalen Feminismus (vgl. S. 402 bezeichnet.

  14. Geschichte der Lexikographie mit Deutsch und Dänisch

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergenholtz, Henning; Mogensen, Jens Erik

    1995-01-01

    Man kunne tro, at leksikografiens historie kan beskrives i form af uafbrudt forbedring af teori og praksis. Det er ikke tilfældet. Den første dansk-tyske ordbog blev trykt i 1764. Et første højdepunkt i dette sprogpars leksikografiske historie foreligger mellem 1800 og 1830. Hermed menes et både ...

  15. Lexikoneintraege fuer deutsche Adverbien (Dictionary Entries for German Adverbs)

    CERN Document Server

    Steinberger, Ralf

    1994-01-01

    Modifiers in general, and adverbs in particular, are neglected categories in linguistics, and consequently, their treatment in Natural Language Processing poses problems. In this article, we present the dictionary information for German adverbs which is necessary to deal with word order, degree modifier scope and other problems in NLP. We also give evidence for the claim that a classification according to position classes differs from any semantic classification.

  16. DER EINFLUSS DER ANGLIZISMEN AUF DIE DEUTSCHE WIRTSCHAFTSSPRACHE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoi Ionut

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The present world has become small and manageable, in the era of modern means of transport and communication. The modern mass tourism brings millions of people each year to other countries. The economy, trade and transport are internationally intertwined, and mergers of large organizations do not represent any longer a rarity at the present time. More and more supranational organizations arise. States unite to form larger groups, such as the European Union. The word of the moment seems to be integration. Therefore, at least in the united Europe, a common language is necessary and the idea of multilingualism is becoming more and more important. In Europe today it is no longer enough to only master one language but someone must be able to at least speak one or two foreign languages fluently. The role of this common language seems to be inhered by the English language, because it is estimated that nearly two billion people routinely use English and the USA currently enjoy a dominant position in the world, politically, militarily, and economically. The Paper presents the influence of English words and the English Business vocabulary on the German Business environment.

  17. Deutsche Spuren in Estland / Jochen Hümmrich-Welt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hümmrich-Welt, Jochen

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna ja Eesti ajaloost alates 1219. a. kuni tänapäevani, pikemalt tutvustatakse keskaega, Eesti mõisaid, Tallinna Niguliste kirikut ja Mustpeade maja. Saksa mõjust Eesti ajaloole ja kultuurile

  18. Empirische Analyse einer verdolmetschten Gerichtsverhandlung aus dem Slowenischen ins Deutsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lea Burjan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit dem Diskurs in einer Gerichtsverhandlung mit verschiedensprachigen Parteien. Die übliche Konversation im Gerichtssaal findet in Form eines Dialogs statt, wobei die Strategie des Gespräches durch den Richter als Gesprächsmoderator determiniert wird. Die Interaktion im gedolmetschten Diskurs verläuft anders als im nicht gedolmetschten Diskurs. Bei gedolmetschten Verhandlungen übernimmt der Gerichtsdolmetscher, als ein Mittler in der Konversation, die verantwortungsvolle Aufgabe, die richterliche Strategie der Konversation, also den eigentlichen Verhandlungsablauf, sinngemäß und originaltreu in den zielsprachlichen Kontextzu transportieren. Meistert er seine Aufgabe, wird ein reibungsloser Kommunikationsablauf im Sinne der gegenseitigen Einflussnahme der jeweiligen Kommunikationsteilnehmer gewährleistet. Scheitert er bei seinem Vorhaben, so kommt es in der Kommunikation zu Störungen, die durch zusätzliche sprachliche Interventionen beseitigt werden müssen. Seine Tätigkeit wird determiniert und mitbeeinflusst von den Unterschieden in der Rechtsterminologie der beiden Sprachen (Sprachregister, von dem vorgegebenen Dolmetschmodus, und von der Gesprächsstrategie des Sprachmoderators. Somit ist das Ziel des vorliegenden Beitrags, anhand einer empirischen Analyse einer gedolmetschten Zeugenvernehmung herauszufinden, inwiefern es dem Gerichtsdolmetscher gelingt, den ausgangssprachlichen Diskurs originaltreu in die Zielsprache zu übertragen und auf welche Probleme er bei diesem Übertragungsprozess stößt. Der vorliegenden Untersuchung dienen die von den Gerichten veranlassten Audioaufnahmen von mündlichen Verhandlungen als Korpus.

  19. Das deutsche Sprachprofil an der Universität Roskilde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daryai-Hansen, Petra; Barfod, Sonja; Schwarz, Lena

    2015-01-01

    As part of its internationalization strategy, Roskilde University, Denmark, offers German language courses as an accompaniment to all bachelor students of the humanities and social sciences. This article introduces the context, learning objectives and organization of this so-called language profile....... The German language profile is presented from three perspectives: a language policy perspective, on which the language profile was developed; from the perspective of the teachers who design the language profile inspired by the CLIL approach; finally, from the students’ perspective. How do students experience...... their learning process? How do they evaluate their learning results? Die Universität Roskilde, Dänemark, bietet als Teil ihrer Internationalisierungsstrategie studienbegleitenden Fremdsprachenunterricht für alle Studierenden in den geistes- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Bachelorstudiengängen an. Der vorliegende...

  20. Was ist die deutsche Sprache wert? : Fakten und Potenzen

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Kaum hatte Finnland am 1. Juli 1999 den Vorsitz im EU-Ministerrat übernommen, waren für die informellen Treffen der EU-Minister - erstmalig beim Treffen der Industrieminister am 3. Juli in Oulu - neben der Gastgebersprache Finnisch nur noch Englisch und Französisch als Arbeitssprachen vorgesehen. Deutschland und daraufhin auch Österreich wollten jedoch auf ihre Sprache - die Muttersprache der größten Sprachgemeinschaft der EU - nicht verzichten und bestanden (unter Berufung auf das Gewohnheit...

  1. Deutsch/Romanisch - Lateinisch/Deutsch: Neue Thesen zu den Pariser Gesprächen und zu den Kasseler Glossen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Kragl

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Literary history projects the clear image that the beginnings of German literature lie in the 8th and 9th century, the Old High German period, when German literature first flourished with texts like the Hildebrandslied or Otfrids Evangelienbuch. The Old High German period is presented as a compact formation, precisely defined in time and space, of high literary value and ‘national’ coinage. The following paper attempts, in a preliminary manner, to question this notion by arguing that it is high time to free Old High German literature from the pathos of 19th century research. Its topic is language contact between German on the one hand and Latin / Romance on the other, albeit not in terms of high culture, but of language acquisition. It therefore deals with literature in the etymological sense of ‘written with letters’: the so-called ‘Old High German’ or ‘Parisian Conversations’ and the ‘Kasseler Glosses’ or ‘Conversations’.

  2. State of drilling and blasting technique at RAG Deutsche Steinkohle; Stand der Bohr- und Sprengtechnik bei RAG Deutsche Steinkohle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sablotny, Horst; Opolony, Klaus; Schmidt, Ralf [RAG Aktiengesellschaft, Servicebereich Technik- und Logistikdienste, Herne (Germany)

    2013-03-15

    The German hard coal mining industry is further running through a difficult adjustment process under revised political frame conditions with the final expiry in 2018. The requirements in all departments to increase productivity, cost optimization and know-how protection are still on a very high level. The state of the art concerning drilling ans blasting technique at heading operations and also a short overview about methane drainage drilling during production in the seam Zollverein 1/2 on Prosper-Haniel mine will be presented.

  3. Dictionary electrical engineering. German-English, English-German. 3. ed.; Woerterbuch Elektrotechnik. Deutsch-Englisch, Englisch-Deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petersen, Hans-Joachim

    2017-06-01

    This dictionary facilitates correct handling of technical terms in electrical engineering. The essential enlargement of vocabulary in this edition offers a well-founded basis of the electrotechnical terms for education as well as for everyday use. An appendix with frequently used phrases complements this dictionary together with the ''International System of Units''. [German] Dieses Woerterbuch erleichtert den fachlich korrekten Umgang mit Fachausdruecken der Elektrotechnik. Die wesentliche Erweiterung des Wortschatzes in dieser Auflage bietet eine fundierte Basis der elektrotechnischen Begriffe sowohl fuer die Ausbildung, als auch die alltaegliche Anwendung. Ein Anhang mit haeufig benutzten Redewendungen ergaenzt zusammen mit dem ''International System of Units'' dieses Woerterbuch.

  4. 30th congress of Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Pneumologie und Tuberkulose. 30. Kongress, Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Pneumologie und Tuberkulose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferlinz, R.; Steppling, H.; Wolfart, W.

    1983-01-01

    The proceedings volume contains 196 papers on the following subjects: 1. Tuberculosis, 2. sarcoidosis, 3. the lung in the borderline area between health and disease, 4. biochemical aspects of bronchopulmonary diseases, 5. topical diagnostics, 6. current therapy, 7. physiotherapy, 8. thoracic surgery, 9. carcinoma research, 10. free papers. Radiological and nuclear diagnostic methods are discussed.

  5. Deutsche Minderheit und deutsches Kulturerbe im Baltikum ist weiterhin präsent / Klaus Brähming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brähming, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    Baltimaid külastas Saksa Bundestag'i CDU / CSU-bloki (Kristlik-Demokraatlik Liit ja Kristlik-Sotsiaalne Liit) delegatsioon. Tõdeti, et Baltimaades elab väike, ent see-eest väga aktiivne saksa vähemus. Delegatsioon avaldas soovi kultuurisuhete tugevdamiseks Baltimaadega

  6. The UK nuclear power industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collier, J. G. [Nuclear Electric plc, Barnwood (United Kingdom)

    1995-08-01

    In the United Kingdom, nuclear power plants are operated by three companies: Nuclear Electric (NE), Scottish Nuclear (SN), and British Nuclear Fuels plc (BNFL). The state-operated power industry was privatized in 1989 with the exception of nuclear power generation activities, which were made part of the newly founded (state-owned) NE and SN. At the same time, a moratorium on the construction of new nuclear power plants was agreed. Only Sizewell B, the first plant in the UK to be equipped with a pressurized water reactor, was to be completed. That unit was first synchronized with the power grid on February 14, 1995. Another decision in 1989 provided for a review to be conducted in 1994 of the future of the peaceful uses of nuclear power in the country. The results of the review were presented by the government in a white paper on May 9, 1995. Accordingly, NE and SN will be merged and privatized in 1996; the headquarters of the new holding company will be in Scotland. The review does not foresee the construction of more nuclear power plants. However, NE hopes to gain a competitive edge over other sources of primary energy as a result of this privatization, and advocates construction of a dual-unit plant identical with Sizewell B so as to avoid recurrent design and development costs. Outside the UK, the company plans to act jointly with the reactor vendor, Westinghouse, especially in the Pacific region; a bid submitted by the consortium has been shortisted by the future operator of the Lungmen nuclear power plant project in Taiwan. In upgrading the safety of nuclear power plants in Eastern Europe, the new company will be able to work through existing contacts of SN. (orig.) [Deutsch] In Grossbritannien werden Kernkraftwerke von drei Gesellschaften betrieben: Nuclear Electric (NE), Scottish Nuclear (SN) und British Nuclear Fuels plc. (BNFL). Die staatliche Energieversorgung wurde im Jahre 1989 bis auf die Kernaktivitaeten privatisiert; diese wurden in die neu

  7. Successful implementation of ageing management exemplified at the cooling tower of Emsland nuclear power plant; Erfolgreiche Umsetzung von Alterungsmanagement am Beispiel Kuehlturm des Kernkraftwerkes Emsland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, Alexander [Hochtief Solutions AG, Consult IKS Energy, Frankfurt am Main (Germany). Design Kraftwerke; Dueweling, Carsten [Kernkraftwerke Lippe-Ems GmbH, Lingen (Germany). Abschnitt Bautechnik

    2013-07-15

    The present paper describes the successful implementation of the restoration of water-distribution channels at the cooling tower of the Emsland nuclear power plant under the aspect of ageing management. The main challenge of aging management is the determination of potential aging mechanism and to avoid systematically and effectively their damaging influences. In the course of the annual site inspections abnormalities at the lower side of the water-distribution channels of the cooling tower were detected, analysed, and repaired. The extraordinary high chlorine equivalent of the cooling water was identified as main reason of the damages located. Due to extensive infiltration into the concrete structure, chloride-induced corrosion generates a volume expansion of the reinforcement and thereby to a blast off of the concrete covering. According to the restoration concept, the damaged concrete was removed by maximum pressure water jet blasting; where necessary the reinforcement was retrofitted and a layered concrete substitution was applied by synthetic cement mortar. The realised procedures conserve the load bearing reinforcement only for a certain period, because the permanent chloride infiltration could not be stopped. Therefore, the structure has to be monitored permanently. (orig.)

  8. Periodical safety review of the Goesgen-Daeniken nuclear power plant. Summary, results and evaluation; Periodische Sicherheitsueberpruefung fuer das Kernkraftwerk Goesgen-Daeniken. Zusammenfassung, Ergebnisse und Bewertung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-15

    The Goesgen nuclear power plant (KKG) received its operational licence on September 9, 1978. The operational start-up of the plant went on into the year 1979, but there was a short interruption because of the accident in the Three Mile Island reactor on March 28, 1979. In May 1985 KKG submitted a request for raising the thermal reactor power from the then 2808 MW to 3002 MW. Based on the examination by the Federal Agency for the Safety of Nuclear Installations (HSK), the Swiss Federal Council granted the licence in two steps: in December 1985 for raising the thermal power to 2900 MW, and, in April 1992, to 3002 MW. The licence for the second step was given under the condition that some more experience was to be gained concerning the fuel rod cladding under higher loading. As part of the yearly re-licensing on restart after fuel assembly reloading, HSK confirmed that the plant status conformed to the legal requirements. In November 1986, HSK asked all Swiss nuclear power plant managers to state their opinions on proposed measures concerning severe accidents. Some of the measures were already in discussion; the Chernobyl accident on April 26, 1986, accelerated their implementation and was also a reason for the introduction of the measures against severe accidents. In this context, KKG carried out a risk study which led to the installation of a filtered pressure release system for the containment. Another consequence of the Chernobyl accident was the introduction of technical Periodical Safety Reviews (PSR) for all operating nuclear power plants. Central points of the PSR are: a) comparison with the continuously improving state-of-the-art of science and technology concerning safety precautions; b) a systematic evaluation of operating experience and plant status; c) the taking into account of probabilistic safety analyses in the overall evaluation of the plant. Within the framework of the examination of the overall plant, HSK also checks how its requirements concerning plant safety and radiation protection are taken into account. Even if the plant manager considers the guarantee of plant safety as his duty, an overall investigation by the authorities makes sense because it also looks into rare accident scenarios for which there are, of course, no actual working experience and which can only be considered within the framework of extended plant examinations. The PSRs on the Swiss nuclear power plants therefore complement the continuous control activities of the HSK; they are carried out about every 10 years. For KKG the PSR process was initiated by a letter from the HSK in February 1994. The areas to be considered were: a) examination of design and fulfilment of technical safety systems and comparison with the actual state-of-the-art of science and technology; b) evaluation of operational experience; c) review of the technical precautions against severe accidents including the preparation of emergency measures; d) review of the emergency organisation; e) examination of the plant protection against radioactivity; f) future dismantling at the end of operational life and disposal of the radioactive wastes; g) evaluation of accident analyses and of the KKG probabilistic safety analysis; h) review of plant organisation and plant management. The examination confirmed that, at KKG, there are very many technical safety precautions. KKG operational experience is good, the results show a high degree of operational availability and a very low number of incidental shut-downs. In international comparison the collective doses of the staff are low and the release of radioactive materials to the environment is negligible; on this account KKG is one of the world's best plants operating pressurised water reactors. Up to now the examinations have not brought any ageing deterioration to light concerning the status of safety-relevant components or ducts

  9. Consequences of changed nuclear power plant lifetimes in Germany. Scenario analyses until 2035; Auswirkungen veraenderter Laufzeiten fuer Kernkraftwerke in Deutschland. Szenarioanalysen bis zum Jahre 2035

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blesl, Markus; Bruchof, David; Fahl, Ulrich; Kober, Tom; Kuder, Ralf; Beestermoeller, Robert; Goetz, Birgit; Voss, Alfred

    2011-06-01

    The report is aimed to discuss the implications of changed NPP lifetimes in Germany on energy policy, environment, energy cost and macroeconomics. An extensive scenario analysis is used considering the effects on the German energy system in the frame of the European context. It is shown that a nuclear phase-out until 2017 is technically feasible, but needs adequate replacement options that will change the German energy system in the medium term. The study shows that the time of nuclear phase-out has no significant influence on the use of renewable energies.

  10. Tools and tool application for the dismantling of the nuclear power plant Brennilis in France; Werkzeuge und Werkzeugeinsatz fuer den Rueckbau des Kernkraftwerks Brennilis Frankreich

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bienia, Harald; Welbers, Philipp; Krueger, Peter; Noll, Thomas [NUKEM Technologies GmbH, Alzenau (Germany)

    2012-11-01

    The EL-4 reactor in the NPP Brennilis in France is a CO2 cooled heavy water moderated test reactor with net power of 70 MW, the reactor started operation in 1967 and was decommissioned in 1985. Due to the construction features it was not necessary to enter the reactor area during operation, therefore the reactor pressure vessel and the surrounding piping systems are built in a very compact way. The dismantling procedures are therefore different from German BWR or PWR systems, the remote cutting and handling tools have to be adapted to the different features. Because of the high local dosage rate in the reactor hall it is also necessary to perform the erection of the dismantling equipment by robot systems. For cutting of the piping system a new plasma cutting technique, the hot wire method will be used. Other mechanical cutting techniques have to be used for instance for zircaloy containing components due to fire prevention purposes. The required time for tool and manipulator changes, including wearing part replacements constitute a significant part of the dismantling schedule. The suction/exhaust system for radioactive dust removal allowed a reduction of the total personal dose by one third of the allowed dose.

  11. No nuclear power plant - now final repository? What to do with small amounts of waste?; Kein Kernkraftwerk - kein Endlager? Wohin mit wenig Abfaellen?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feinhals, Joerg [DMT GmbH und Co. KG, Hamburg (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    Countries with nuclear power plants try to find a solution for the disposal of radioactive waste. Countries that have no nuclear power plants but produce radioactive waste in medicine, industry and research and operate research reactors have a problem: the challenging question of an appropriate disposal concept. Possibilities for such a concept are discussed in this contribution, for instance a multinational final repository, near-surface disposal of low- and medium-level radioactive wastes or a small scale disposal facility (SSDF). In any case safety analyses are required.

  12. Added value by rule IEC61850. Modernizing the electrical protection of Gundremmingen nuclear power plant; Mehrwert durch die Norm IEC 61850. Erneuerung des Blockschutzes im Kernkraftwerk Gundremmingen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoetzel, A.; Willems, D. [RWE Rhein-Ruhr AG, Brauweiler (Germany); Maier, K.L. [Kernkraftwerk Gundremmingen GmbH (Germany); Herrmann, H.J.; Einsiedler, G. [Siemens Power Transmission and Distribution (PTD), Nuernberg (Germany)

    2006-07-01

    After many years in operation the large power plant generating units B and C at Gundremmingen nuclear power plant are due for inspection and maintenance, which also requires modernizing the electrical protection. Unlike the construction of new power plants, additional constraints apply to modernization in existing plants. The new solution has to fit as seamlessly as possible into the existing units, such as signaling systems with their multitude of signaling contacts and printers, or the connection to the power plant automation system. Apart from purely technical requirements, economic factors such as short standstill times, limited budgets or phased conversions also influence the choice of a suitable solution. Planning, construction and commissioning of the electrical generating unit protection was implemented by the Secondary Systems Technology Center, a technical department of RWE-Rhein-Ruhr Netzservice GmbH, in coordination with the operator. (orig.)

  13. Ultrasonic findings in the NPP Beznau. Report on the planned further procedure of the licensee; Ultraschallbefunde des Kernkraftwerks Beznau. Stellungnahme zum geplanten weiteren Vorgehen des Betreibers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohr, Simone; Pistner, Christoph

    2016-03-15

    Due to the ultrasonic findings in the reactor pressure vessel of NPP Beznau-1 in 2015 the licensee had to provide a new structural integrity analysis based on the changed material properties. The authors discuss the interpretation of the findings in Beznau with in relation to similar findings in the Belgian NPPS Doel-3 and Tihange-2. A doubtless metallurgical characterization of the irregularities in the RPV wall as not possible based on ultrasonic testing only. Destructive testing of samples from the reactor pressure vessel is also not possible since no original material bearing irregularities is available.

  14. Nuclear power: on line; Kernenergie Online

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thieme, Christian [atw Redaktion, Hattingen (Germany)

    2011-04-15

    Presentation of these contents in the World Wide Web (WWW): Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU) - itu.jrc.ec.europa.eu Kernkraftwerk Gundremmingen (Germany) - www.kkw-gundremmingen.de Canadian Nuclear Association (Canada) - www.cna.ca Kernkraftwerk Krsko (Slovenia) - www.nek.si. (orig.)

  15. Energy conservation with alternative `silent` (passive) cooling systems in office buildings and energetic evaluation of cold generation for `silent cooling`. German contribution to the IEA Programme ECBS Annex 28, low energy cooling. Final report; Energieeinsparung durch den Einsatz von alternativen Systemen der `stillen` (passiven) Kuehlung in Buerogebaeuden und energetische Bewertung der Kaelteerzeugung fuer die `stille Kuehlung`. Deutsche Beteiligung an dem IEA-Programm ECBS Annex 28, low energy cooling. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laabs, K.D.; Wolkenhauer, H. [STULZ GmbH, Hamburg (Germany); Heinrich, G.; Franzke, U.; Seifert, C. [Institut fuer Luft- und Kaeltetechnik GmbH, Dresden (Germany); Steimle, F.; Mengede, B. [Essen Univ. (Gesamthochschule) (Germany). Inst. fuer Angewandte Thermodynamik und Klimatechnik

    1997-06-01

    In July 1993 a 3 years lasting research and development projekt, which deals with silent cooling systems (cold ceilings and cold beams), was started by the BMBF. During this projekt different tools, which allow the design of silent cooling systems, were developed in cooperation of the company STULZ GmbH Klimatechnik (coordination), the University of Essen and the ILK in Dresden. During this projekt different silent cooling systems were investigated in cooperation of the three organizations. These investigations were correlated with existing and available results form theoretical and practical investigations and publications. Main element of the investigated systems are cold surfaces and/or heat exchangers, which are installed in standard offices with different arrangements and forms. The heat transfer at the surfaces bases on free convection, which depends on the difference between the surfaces temperature and the air temperature inside the offices. By using water instead of air as heat distribution medium inside the building, it is possible to reduce the energy consumption in comparison to conventional air conditioning systems. Different variants of these systems were investigated under various operation parameters, so that a design tool could be developed by using the results form the investigations. (orig.) [Deutsch] Unter dem Thema: Einsatz von Systemen der `Stillen (passiven) Kuehlung` wurde im Juli 1993 ein Forschungsvorhaben mit einer Laufzeit von 3 Jahren vom BMBF gestartet. Im Rahmen dieses Forschungsvorhabens werden unter Fuehrung der Fa. STULZ GmbH Klimatechnik und in Kooperation mit der UNI Essen und des ILK Dresden verschiedene TOOLS zur Auslegung von Deckenkuehlsystemen erarbeitet. Auf der Grundlage bekannter und vorliegender theoretischer wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse der gebaeudebezogenen Klimatechnik sowie Veroeffentlichungen bundesdeutscher Forschungseinrichtungen und Hochschulinstitute relevanter Arbeitsbereiche wurde gemeinsam mit technischen

  16. Comparison calculation/experiment on the load case ``shutdown of TH high pressure pumps under consideration of fluid structure interaction``; Vergleich Rechnung/Messung zum Lastfall ``Abschaltung der TH-Hochdruckpumpen unter Beruecksichtigung der Fluid-Struktur-Wechselwirkung``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erath, W.; Nowotny, B.; Maetz, J. [KED, Rodenbach (Germany)

    1998-11-01

    Measurements of an experiment in a pipe system with pump shutdown and valve closing have been performed in the nuclear power plant KRB II. Comparative calculations of fluid and structure including interaction show an excellent agreement with the measured results. Theory and implementation of the fluid/structure interaction and the results of the comparison are described. It turns out that the consideration of the fluid/structure interaction is mostly a significant increase of the effective structural damping. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es wurden Messungen am nuklearen Nachkuehlsystem des Kernkraftwerks Gundremmingen (KRB II) bei einem Versuche mit Pumpenabschalten und Ventilschliessen durchgefuehrt. Vergleichsrechnungen der Fluid-Strukturdynamik unter echter Beruecksichtigung der Wechselwirkung ergaben eine ausgezeichnete Uebereinstimmung der Rechnung mit den Messungen. Es werden Theorie und Implementierung der Koppelung der Fluid- und Struktur-Berechnungen sowie die Vergleiche von Messung und Rechnung beschrieben. Es ergibt sich, dass die Beruecksichtigung der Wechselwirkung notwendig ist zur genaueren Berechnung von `weichen` Rohrleitungsystemen. Eine wichtige Folge der Wechselwirkung ist meist eine deutliche Erhoehung der effektiven Strukturdaempfung. (orig.)

  17. Innovative robotics and ultrasonic techniques; Innovative Robotik und Ultraschalltechnik. Pruefung von Reaktordruckbehaeltern in Siedewasser- und Druckwasserreaktoranlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dirauf, F.; Fischer, E.; Gohlke, B. [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany). Abt. NW-P

    1998-06-01

    In-service inspections of the reactor pressure vessels of nuclear power plants not only impose very stringent requirements in terms of technology and quality, but increasingly must meet economic criteria as well. The use of US phased arrays opens up possibilities of minimizing the inspection system and thus reducing the number of inspection runs. Moreover, integration of US phased array technology into the Saphir system allows standard US equipment to be employed in inspecting complicated geometries (such as nozzles) which so far had been inspected only with specialized systems. Advanced inspection robots are under development for both BWR and PWR plants which are more flexible in use and more cost effective than conventional manipulators. (orig./GL) [Deutsch] Die Wiederkehrende Pruefung der Reaktordruckbehaelter von Kernkraftwerken stellt nicht nur hohe Anforderungen an Technologie und Qualitaet, sondern zunehmend ruecken auch oekonomische Kriterien in den Vordergrund. Der Einsatz der US-Gruppenstrahlertechnik eroeffnet die Moeglicheit der Pruefsystemminimierung und somit eine Reduzierung der Prueffahrten. Weiterhin schafft die Integration der US-Gruppenstrahlertechnik in das Saphir-System die Moeglichkeit, schwierige Geometrien (z.B. Stutzen), die bisher nur mit speziellen Systemen geprueft wurden, mit dem Standard-US-Geraet zu pruefen. Sowohl fuer SWR- als auch fuer DWR-Kernkraftwerke werden fortschrittliche Pruefroboter entwickelt, die flexibler einsetzbar, schneller und kostenguenstiger sind als herkoemmliche Manipulatoren. (orig./GL)

  18. Information policy of a Swiss nuclear power plant; Information der Medien und der Oeffentlichkeit durch den Anlagenbetreiber

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erne, L. [Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt (Switzerland)

    1997-12-31

    The Leibstadt NPP is situated on the river Rhine between Schaffhausen and Basel. It is the policy of the Leibstadt Plant Management to inform the public and the media in a timely and accurate manner during normal operation as well as in the case of unforeseen eventualities. We also inform the authorities of the communities in Southern Germany in the vicinity of the plant. Detailed procedures have been set up to provide a high standard of media service. The PR group is part of the emergency organisation and is supported by other technical groups. Modern communication technology, i.e. fax, teletext and internet are available. Our experience has shown that the early stages of an incident can be very hectic. The relevant information has to be collected internally and at the same time the media has to be presented with accurate communiques. (orig.) [Deutsch] Das Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt, gelegen auf der Schweizer Seite des Hochrheins, bekennt sich zu einer raschen, aktiven, transparenten und grenzueberschreitenden Informationspolitik sowohl im Normalbetrieb wie bei ungeplanten Ereignissen. Das Informationsverhalten ist festgelegt in detaillierten Vorschriften. Die Informationsstelle ist eingebunden in die Notfallorganisation mit Unterstuetzung von entsprechenden Dienstgruppen. In der Praxis nutzt das Werk moderne Kommunikationsmittel wie Telefax, Teletext oder neu Internet. Erfahrungen zeigen, dass in der Startphase eines Ereignisses der Zeitdruck enorm ist, waehrend intern gleichzeitig zuerst gesicherte Informationen zu beschaffen sind. (orig.)

  19. Mechanized radiation testing of austenitic pipe welds. Testing of media filled pipes and determination of the flaw depth by tomosynthesis; Mechanisierte Durchstrahlungspruefung von Rundschweissnaehten. Pruefung mediengefuellter Rohrleitungen und Tiefenlagenbestimmung durch Tomosynthese

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ewert, U.; Redmer, B. [Bundesanstalt fuer Materialforschung und -pruefung (BAM), Berlin (Germany); Mueller, J. [COMPRA GmbH, Frechen (Germany); Trobitz, M. [Kernkraftwerke Gundremmingen Betriebsgesellschaft mbH, Gundremmingen (Germany); Baranov, V.A. [Institute for Introscopy, Tomsk (Russian Federation)

    1999-08-01

    A compact detection system was built for multi-angle inspection of pipes, consisting of a high-sensitivity radiometric line scanner and an ultrasonic manipulator. Improved flaw imaging quality is achieved with this system as compared to film radiography. Measurements have been carried out on site in a nuclear power plant and in a laboratory. Better flaw imaging quality was also achieved in the testing of water-filled pipes. Non-linear tomosynthesis was applied for processing and interpretation of measured data. The system delivers considerably better images of planary materials inhomogeneitites, (such as cracks and lack-of-bond defects). (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Eine hoch empfindliche radiometrische Zeilenkamera wurde mit einem Ultraschall-Manipulator zu einem Gesamtsystem aufgebaut und fuer Mehrwinkel-Inspektionen von Rohrleitungen angewandt. Bei der Inspektion von Rundschweissnaehten an Rohren mit ca. 8... 20 mm Wanddicke wurde eine Verbesserung der Bildqualitaet im Vergleich zur Filmradiographie erreicht. Diese Messungen wurden in einem Kernkraftwerk unter Vor-Ort-Bedingungen sowie im Labor ausgefuehrt. Ein signifikantes Ansteigen der Bildqualitaet wurde auch bei der Pruefung von wassergefuellten Rohren erzielt. Methoden der nicht-linearen Tomosynthese wurden fuer die Verarbeitung und Interpretation der gemessenen Projektionsdaten genutzt. Das entwickelte System gestattet eine erhebliche Verbesserung der Anzeige von planaren Materialinhomogenitaeten (z.B. Risse und Bindefehler). (orig./DGE)

  20. Mechanized radiation testing of austenitic pipe welds. Testing of media filled pipes and determination of the flaw depth by tomosynthesis; Mechanisierte Durchstrahlungspruefung von Rundschweissnaehten. Pruefung mediengefuellter Rohrleitungen und Tiefenlagenbestimmung durch Tomosynthese

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ewert, U.; Redmer, B. [Bundesanstalt fuer Materialforschung und -pruefung (BAM), Berlin (Germany); Mueller, J. [COMPRA GmbH, Frechen (Germany); Trobitz, M. [Kernkraftwerke Gundremmingen Betriebsgesellschaft mbH, Gundremmingen (Germany); Baranov, V.A. [Institute for Introscopy, Tomsk (Russian Federation)

    1999-08-01

    A compact detection system was built for multi-angle inspection of pipes, consisting of a high-sensitivity radiometric line scanner and an ultrasonic manipulator. Improved flaw imaging quality is achieved with this system as compared to film radiography. Measurements have been carried out on site in a nuclear power plant and in a laboratory. Better flaw imaging quality was also achieved in the testing of water-filled pipes. Non-linear tomosynthesis was applied for processing and interpretation of measured data. The system delivers considerably better images of planary materials inhomogeneitites, (such as cracks and lack-of-bond defects). (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Eine hoch empfindliche radiometrische Zeilenkamera wurde mit einem Ultraschall-Manipulator zu einem Gesamtsystem aufgebaut und fuer Mehrwinkel-Inspektionen von Rohrleitungen angewandt. Bei der Inspektion von Rundschweissnaehten an Rohren mit ca. 8... 20 mm Wanddicke wurde eine Verbesserung der Bildqualitaet im Vergleich zur Filmradiographie erreicht. Diese Messungen wurden in einem Kernkraftwerk unter Vor-Ort-Bedingungen sowie im Labor ausgefuehrt. Ein signifikantes Ansteigen der Bildqualitaet wurde auch bei der Pruefung von wassergefuellten Rohren erzielt. Methoden der nicht-linearen Tomosynthese wurden fuer die Verarbeitung und Interpretation der gemessenen Projektionsdaten genutzt. Das entwickelte System gestattet eine erhebliche Verbesserung der Anzeige von planaren Materialinhomogenitaeten (z.B. Risse und Bindefehler). (orig./DGE)

  1. Safeguarding the functions and performance of instrumentation and control systems; Langfristige Sicherung der Funktion leittechnischer Einrichtungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koehler, M. [Siemens AG (KWU), Erlangen (Germany); Schoerner, O. [Siemens AG (KWU), Erlangen (Germany)

    1996-07-01

    Based on an analysis of the existing nuclear power plant control technology, the necessity of providing in the medium-term advanced and future-oriented, digital control system, both for normal operation and for safety-relevant tasks of the reactor and safety control systems. Siemens KWU has been promoting the development, review and marketing of the digital instrumentation and control systems called TELEPERM XS and TELEPERM XP in addition to the measures taken for safeguarding the functions of existing, wired systems. The paper briefly explains the performance and advantages of digital systems and the progress in approval and pioneering of the TELEPERM XS safety control system. Many examples discussed show the diversity of applications of the systems both in new reactor plants and as retrofitting measures, for KWU power plants and those of other manufacturers. (orig.) [Deutsch] Ausgehend von einer Analyse der Kernkraftwerksleittechnik wird die Notwendigkeit der mittelfristigen Bereitstellung zukunftsweisender digitaler Leittechniksysteme, sowohl fuer die Betriebsfuehrung unter Normalbedingungen, als auch fuer die sicherheitsrelevanten Aufaben der Reaktor- und Sicherheitsleittechnik dargestellt. Siemens KWU hat neben den Massnahmen zur Sicherstellung der Funktionsfaehigkeit bestehender festverdrahteter Leittechniksysteme die Entwicklung, Begutachtung und Markteinfuehrung der digitalen Leittechniksysteme TELEPERM XS und TELEPERM XP vorangetrieben. Das Funktionsprinzip und die Vorteile digitaler Leittechniksysteme werden kurz dargestellt. Der Stand der Genehmigung und Markteinfuehrung des Sicherheitsleitsystems TELEPERM XS wird beschrieben. An Hand von mehreren Beispielen wird die Vielseitigkeit der Einsatzmoeglichkeiten der vorgestellten Systeme fuer Neuanlagen und Nachruestungen, sowie fuer KWU-Kernkraftwerke und Anlagen anderer Hersteller aufgezeigt. (orig.)

  2. Projecting of PV facades in consideration of PV-specific operating conditions; Besonderheiten bei der Projektierung von Photovoltaik-Fassadenanlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Decker, B.; Grimmig, B.; Mencke, D. [Institut fuer Solarenergieforschung GmbH Hameln/Emmerthal (ISFH), Emmerthal (Germany). Gruppe Photovoltaik-Systeme; Stellbogen, D. [Zentrum fuer Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Wuerttemberg (ZSW), Stuttgart (Germany). Fachgebiet Photovoltaische Anlagentechnik

    1998-02-01

    PV facades can provide several additional functions such as weather protection, thermal insulation, daylighting or sun protection. On the other hand, specific operating conditions for PV facades must be taken into account when selecting components and designing the system. Depending on ventilation conditions, there is a large range of maximum module temperatures. South-oriented PV facades receive about 30% less yearly irradiation than an optimally inclined PV generator, hence reflection losses are approximately 4% higher. The maximum of yearly irradiation lies only in the 400-600 W/m{sup 2} range. Surrounding buildings and/or vegetation can impair performance of the PV-facades. For a south-oriented PV facade an annual yield in the range of 470-560 kwh/kW{sub p}.a has been prodicted which was verified by operating results of eight PV facades. (orig.) [Deutsch] Photovoltaik (PV) Fassaden ermoeglichen neben der Stromerzeugung zusaetzliche Funktionen wie Wetterschutz bzw. Waermedaemmung des Gebaeudes oder Tageslichtnutzung bzw. Sonnenschutz der Innenraeume. Allerdings muessen fassadenspezifische Betriebsbedingungen, bei der Komponentenauswahl und Systemauslegung beruecksichtigt werden. Unterschiedliche Hinterlueftungsbedingungen fuehren zu einer grossen Bandbreite der maximalen Modultemperatur. PV-Suedfassaden empfangen etwa 30% weniger Jahreseinstrahlung als ein optimal geneigter PV-Generator. Die Haelfte der jaehrlichen Einstrahlung trifft mit Einfallswinkeln groesser 50 auf die vertikal angeordneten Module wodurch die Reflexionsverluste um ca. 4% hoeher sind. Das Maximum der Jahreseinstrahlung liegt nur um 400-600 W/m{sup 2} und erreicht selten Werte ueber 800 W/m{sup 2}. Umliegende Gebaeude oder Vegetation koennen zu Teilabschattungen des Generators fuehren. Fuer eine vertikale PV-Suedfassade wird ein Jahresenergieertrag in Hoehe von 470-560 kWh/kW{sub p}.a prognostiziert, der anhand der Betriebsergebnisse von acht PV-Fassadenanlagen verifiziert werden konnte

  3. Hubert Roland, Die deutsche literarische “Kriegskolonie” in Belgien, 1914-1918. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der deutsch-belgischen Literaturbeziehungen, 1900-1920

    OpenAIRE

    Andrianne, René

    2013-01-01

    Les échanges culturels germano-belges furent d’une exceptionnelle intensité dans les décennies qui précèdent la première guerre mondiale. Goethe, Lessing et Hauptmann sont représentés au Théâtre du Parc. La Monnaie contribue beaucoup à la diffusion de la musique wagnérienne. La peinture belge est portée très haut en Allemagne, surtout lors d’une exposition à Berlin (1908) où l’on admire, entre autres, des œuvres de James Ensor, Henry de Groux, Théo van Rysselberghe et Fernand Knopff. Les arti...

  4. Expertise on the Goesgen-Daeniken nuclear power plant on the granting of a licence for the construction and operation of a water storage pool for fuel assemblies at the site of the power plant; Gutachten zum Gesuch der Kernkraftwerk Goesgen-Daeniken AG um Erteilung der Bewilligung fuer den Bau und Betrieb eines Brennelement-Nasslagers auf dem Areal des Kernkraftwerks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-04-15

    On June 26, 2002, the Goesgen-Daeniken AG nuclear power plant (KKG) delivered a request to the Swiss Federal Council for the granting of a licence for the construction and operation of a water storage pool for the on-site storage of the power plant's fuel assemblies. The present report contains the results of the examination of the request by the Federal Agency for the Safety of Nuclear Installations (HSK), to check that the projected storage pool satisfies the legal requirements from the point of view of nuclear safety and protection against radioactivity. A water storage pool already exists in the reactor building of KKG. It was conceived for a fuel cycle based on the reprocessing of the spent fuel assemblies. Its capacity is not sufficient when the spent fuel assemblies are no longer reprocessed but have to be transferred and stored in the Central Intermediate Storage Facility (ZWILAG) in Wuerenlingen because their heat production is too high. The capacity of the actual water pool allows a maximum cooling time of 5-6 years, while 7-10 years are required before transfer to ZWILAG. The projected new water storage pool has to be aircraft crash and earthquake proof, in the same way that the reactor building itself has to be. It can store a maximum of 1008 fuel assemblies. The water in the pool as well as the pool walls shield the radiation from of the fuel assemblies almost completely. Each fuel assembly is put into a square steel channel. The channel walls are lined with 6.11 mg/cm{sup 2} of the neutron absorbing nuclide B-10, which guaranties the subcriticality of the water pool even if the storage pool would be entirely filled with non-irradiated fuel assemblies with the maximal allowed enrichment or the maximal allowed content of Plutonium in case of MOX fuel assemblies, which is a very conservative assumption. The heat released by decay in the spent fuel assemblies is transferred to the pool water. Storage pool cooling is carried out by natural circulation through two cooling towers which release the heat to the environment. The cooling system is designed for a maximum cooling power of 1 MW. With this system the temperature of the pool water does not exceed 80 {sup o}C. When they are retrieved from the reactor core, the fuel assemblies are first transferred to the present water storage pool within the reactor building where they remain for at least two years. During this time, most of the short-life radioactive nuclides decay such that their contribution to the production of heat becomes negligible. In the new storage pool, the total radioactivity at full loading will amount to about 10{sup 19} Bq, i.e. one order of magnitude less than the maximal activity in the present pool. As far as the volatile radio-nuclides are concerned, all noble gases except Kr-85 and all iodine isotopes except I-129 have already decayed; as a consequence, the radiological risk in the new storage pool is much lower than in the old one. As the heating rate in the new pool is more than one order of magnitude lower than that of the present one, a possible failure in the heat release system produces only a slow increase of pool water temperature of less than 1 K per hour with the maximum heating power of 1 MW. In the first phase, it is foreseen to limit the cooling power to 0.5 MW and the number of stored fuel assemblies to 504. As the number of retrieved fuel assemblies from the reactor core is about 40 per year, the first phase will last at least 10 years. After closing of the nuclear power plant at the end of its working time and its dismantling, the storage can still work independently. After examination of the whole project for the new water storage pool, HSK concludes that under some additional conditions the concept presented can be the basis for the safe operation of the pool foreseen

  5. The German coal market in 2011; Der deutsche Steinkohlenmarkt im Jahr 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loo, Kai van de; Luebke, Roland; Boergel, Thomas [Gesamtverband Steinkohle e.V. (GVSt), Herne (Germany); Verschuur, Michael [Statistik der Kohlenwirtschaft e.V., Herne (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    Compared to the previous year the German coal market recorded a slight fall in total consumption by 0.7% to 57.5 mill. coal units. Whereas coking coal and coke consumption of the steel industry clearly increased (+4.3%) due to the boom, sale of power station coals declined considerably in 2011 (-2.5%). However, electricity generation in Germany fell by almost the same amount (-2.2%). Primary energy consumption even declined by a good 5% to its lowest level since 1990 - probably because of the mild weather - and this despite economic growth of 3% in 2011. It must be stated that there was no increase in generation of electricity from bituminous coal following shutdown of eight of the 17 German nuclear power stations in the wake of the events at Fukushima although this was not the case with renewable energy and lignite. The political decisions in 2011 to expedite the energy turning point in Germany also do not suggest a continuous upward trend in the future. Bituminous coal occupied third place in the national energy mix in 2011 both in primary energy consumption and generation of electricity. Within the German coal market imported coal again compensated for the reduced contribution of indigenous coal. The indigenous coal mining industry has continued its politically prescribed decline according to plan. With the Council decision concerning coal subsidies in the EU, which came into force on 1 January 2011, and the deletion of the review clause in the Coal Financing Act approved by the German legislators cessation of the coal production in Germany at the end of 2018 has now become final and irreversible. At the same time the closure plan for the German coal mining industry extending to 2018 was approved by the EU Commission in December 2011. Meanwhile the RAG group is preparing its future after the end of the active mining industry inter alia by the use of available mining infrastructure for forms of renewable energy. (orig.)

  6. Deutsche Biotech-Unternehmen und ihre Innovationsfähigkeit im internationalen Vergleich : eine institutionentheoretische Analyse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lange, K.S.G.

    2006-01-01

    German Biotech-Companies and their Innovativeness in International Comparison – an Institutionalist Analysis 1 Introduction In the mid-1990s, legal changes and policy initiatives in Germany led to the rapid emergence of a biotechnology industry. Initially, German biotech companies focused on the mar

  7. Developments in road drivages of Deutsche Steinkohle AG; Entwicklungen in Streckenvortrieben der Deutschen Steinkohle AG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eikhoff, J. [Deutsche Steinkohle AG, Herne (Germany)

    2006-09-21

    The main points of heading operations are divided in three sections, planning, technology and process optimization. DSK's standard planning process, developed in 2004, will be introduced. The development of new heading technics in the framework of DSK's technic strategy is a further main item of the paper. Beginning with a two boom drill platform for heading machines, over the operation with a new bolt, up to a period report of DSK's new heading system, a wide technic field will be shown. Not only technic, also process optimization and maintenance have a sustained influence on heading performance. The prediction and implementation for achieving sustained process optimization, caused by continuous improvement process (CIP) and new maintenance concepts, will be explained. (orig.)

  8. Deutsche Umwelten in der estnischen Geschichte : ein Jahr baltischer Professur / Ulrike Plath

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plath, Ulrike, 1972-

    2014-01-01

    Saksa ajaloo ja kultuuri professori tagasivaade tööaastale Tallinna Ülikoolis. Osa perioode on eesti ajaloolaste poolt sügavalt uuritud, samas on perioode, mis on vähe käsitletud - autor peab silmas eelkõige uusaja varasemat perioodi

  9. 75 FR 8117 - Prohibited Transaction Exemptions and Grant of Individual Exemptions involving: 2010-01; Deutsche...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... identity of the global custodian; and (ii) a summary of the global custodian's policies and procedures... Reuters or similar independent service on the date of the transaction, (5) The identity of the foreign... franc, the Canadian dollar; or the Japanese yen. (s) The term ``trade-related currency...

  10. ENET News November 2003 - Information on energy research; ENET News, November 2003, Nr. 56 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2003-07-01

    This edition of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy, SFOE's Magazine with information on Swiss energy research published three times a year, presents a large selection of articles on various energy-relevant topics. These include research strategies, nuclear energy safety, technology transfer and innovation, energy aspects of computer and IT technology and how methane can be won from wet biomass. Further articles cover the topics of energy efficiency in railway systems, the use of biofuels for vehicles and the estimation of wind-power production in mountainous areas. Also, a summer school on solar energy is described. Further articles take a look at an internet-based public data on the energy consumption and production of a modern office and residential building, a novel archemedes' screw to generate hydropower and the use of pulse-width modulation for the control of heat pumps.

  11. Sweden, Finland and the German energy policy turnaround; Schweden, Finnland und die deutsche Energiewende

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fjaestad, Maja [Royal Institute for Technology (KTH), Stockholm (Sweden); Hakkarainen, Petri [Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS), Potsdam (Germany)

    2013-03-15

    After the nuclear catastrophe in Fukushima Finland and Sweden have chosen completely different paths compared to Germany: both countries plan to build new nuclear power plants. The contribution discusses the historical development of nuclear power in these countries. In Sweden a political polarization exists between those who want to use renewable energies and those who expect increasing greenhouse gas emissions in case of nuclear power phaseout. In Finland no important anti-nuclear movement has been formed. The authors do not expect a change of policy in Sweden and Finland.

  12. ENET News March 2004 - Information on Swiss energy research; ENET News, Maerz 2004, Nr. 57 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2004-07-01

    This edition of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy's (SFOE) magazine with information on Swiss energy research presents a large selection of articles on various energy-relevant topics. These include the Swiss research strategy for the period 2004 to 2007, a discussion on wind energy, saving electricity, stand-by losses of coffee machines and information on hydrogen and fuel-cells. Further articles cover road-traffic topics including zero-emission vehicles and clean engine technology. Also, research on better fuel use in nuclear plant and models for batch-processes in the processing industry are looked at. Further articles cover the use of photovoltaics, wood fuels and biomass. Results of a field-analysis of heat-pump installations and the storage of solar energy using zinc powder as well as building insulation are covered. Finally, the ETDE is honoured as being the largest collection of energy documents.

  13. The German coal market in 2006; Der deutsche Steinkohlenmarkt im Jahr 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luebke, R.; Rohde, R. [Gesamtverband des Deutschen Steinkohlenbergbaus, Essen (Germany)

    2007-04-19

    Following expiry of the coal policy agreement dated 13{sup th} March 1997 at the end of 2005 a basic discussion of the future of the German coal mining industry began in 2006 and culminated on 7{sup th} February 2007 in the historic decision to cease production in 2018 together with a revision of the decision in 2012. Despite the unclear future prospects in 2006 the retrenchment process in the German coal mining industry continued with further reduction of production and job cuts. The remaining eight collieries produced 21.4 mill. t coal units. The total sales of German coal and coke in 2006 amounted to 22.4 mill. t coal units and were thus 4.4 mill. t coal units less than in the previous year. By contrast the total German coal market in 2006 increased by 1.1 mill. to coal units (+1.7%) to 64.0 mill. t coal units. About one third of the German coal market was supplied with German coal, two thirds with imported coal. Deliveries of the German coal mining industry to power stations fell by 9.9% to 18.3 mill. to coal units. The steel industry reduced its purchases by 2.4 mill. t coal units (39.1%) to 3.7 mill. t coal units. The number of employees in the German coal mining industry fell by 2,267 to 32,453 between the beginning and the end of 2006. (orig.)

  14. The German coal market in 2010; Der deutsche Steinkohlenmarkt im Jahr 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luebke, Roland; Loo, Kai van de; Wedig, Martin; Boergel, Thomas [Gesamtverband Steinkohle e.V. (GVSt), Herne (Germany); Verschuur, Michael [Statistik der Kohlenwirtschaft e.V., Herne (Germany)

    2011-06-15

    The German coal market clearly recovered in 2010 from the decline in the previous year. Driven by the favourable economic trend and low temperatures coal consumption rose to 57.8 Mio. t coal units. All sales sectors were able to profit from this situation. As a result of the retrenchment processses continued according to the coal policy agreements the indigenous coal output fell to 13.2 Mio. t coal units with reduction of the work force to 24,207 employees at the end of the year. The average output per man shift increased to 6,092 kg saleable output. With 4,6 accidents per million working hours the figure fell to a history low. In parallel with the fall in coal output in Germany coal imports rose to almost 44 Mio. t with Russia the most important supplier. With the approval of a national energy concept in late summer 2010 the aims of the Federal government climate policy were the focal point of the German energy policy. The age of oil and coal was to come to an end and the proportion of renewable energy in electricity generation increased to at least 80% by the year 2050. Until this aim is achieved nuclear energy should act as a bridge. It remains to be seen to what extent the earthquake in Japan in March 2011 with the consequential damage to a nuclear power station will change these resolutions. In 2010 the reshaping of the regulations concerning the coal subsidies from 2011 at the EU level was the focus of attention for German coal. The efforts of the community finally led to a regulation, which permits the implementation of the national agreements until 2018. The ''Resolution concerning national subsidies to facilitate the closure of uncompetitive coal mines'' (2010/787/EU) came into force on 1{sup st} January 2011. It enables the termination of the coal mining industry in Germany with social agreements as specified in the Coal Financing Act of 2007. However, it makes the monitoring of the energy policy aspects for 2012 likewise envisaged in the Coal Financing Act obsolete. (orig.)

  15. m-Learning - die neue Welle? Mobiles Lernen für Deutsch als Fremdsprache.

    OpenAIRE

    Mitschian, Haymo

    2010-01-01

    Two phenomena are characteristic for the current developments in the information and communication technology (ICT): the devices to access and use digital content improve in terms of usability and performance, and the digital content itself expands fastly. On this developments and the changes in usage patterns start the reflections in the present volume on mobile learning centering on the question how foreign-language learning can benefit from these new usage-patterns and technologies.

  16. Transfrontier environmental protection and German penal law. Grenzueberschreitende Umweltbelastungen und deutsches Strafrecht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forkel, H.W.

    1988-01-22

    The author investigates the problem of how far German penal law is valid in case of transfrontier environmental pollution. He distinguishes between cases in which the interests of Germany and the neighbour state are congruent, and cases in which they are not congruent. According to the author, German law should be applied in cases where the other country has no environmental penal legislation, and where the emissions exceed the limits set by German and foreign law. (orig./HSCH).

  17. Hinkelbeinchen und "little chicken's leg": deutsche und amerikanische Idiome als kommunikative Textsorten-Problematik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Wierschin

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Als Marin Luther 1522 seine Übersetzung des Neuen Testaments nach der griechischen Edition des Erasmus von Rotterdam abschloß, hatte er dabei zwar mit größtem Sprachgefühl nicht nur dem deutschen, sondem auch dem idiomatischen 'logos' des Griechischen "auf das Maul" gesehen. Aber er mußte in seinem "Sendbrief vom Dolmetschen" 1530 dennoch zugeben, daß selbst er - zusammen mit seinen beiden Assistenten Melanchthon und Aurogallus - sehr oft zwei bis vier Wochen lang nach einem einzigen idiomatisch treffenden Wort zu suchen hatte. Damit wird von einem eminenten Kronzeugen, nämlich vom Schöpfer des protestantischen 'Hausbuches' Lutherbibel und vom eigentlichen Begründer einer einheitlichen deutschen Schrift­ sprache, samt ihrer sprach- und literargeschichtlich wirkungsmächtigen Idiomatik, die Schwierigkeit und Problematik idiomatischer Äquivalenzen und Transferenzen zwischen den Einzelsprachen verbürgt.

  18. Standard Works for Chorus: "Ein Deutsches Requiem.""How Lovely Is Thy Dwelling Place."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heffernan, Charles W.

    1983-01-01

    While high school choirs used to perform extended choral works, in recent years the emphasis has been on shorter works and unaccompanied chorus. Describes "A German Requiem" by Brahms and recommends performance of its fourth movement to develop the musical growth of a chorus. (CS)

  19. Zehn Oden / Kristjan Jaak Peterson ; [Deutsch von Gisbert Jänicke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Kristian Jaak, 1801-1822

    2001-01-01

    On ilmunud ka kogumikus "Iaak. Kristian Jaak Peterson 200" (Tln. : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2001, lk. 105-122). Sisu: Der Mond = Kuu ; Freundschaft = Sõprus ; Der Sänger = Laulja ; An Gott = Jumalale ; Hoffnung = Lootus ; Ich muss Trinken. Liedchen = Ma pean jooma. Lauluke ; Ich bin wieder glücklich = Olen jälle õnnis ; Der Mensch = Inimene ; Sonnenuntergang = Päeva loojaminemine ; Herbst = Sügise.

  20. Deutsche Biotech-Unternehmen und ihre Innovationsfähigkeit im internationalen Vergleich : eine institutionentheoretische Analyse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lange, K.S.G.

    2006-01-01

    German Biotech-Companies and their Innovativeness in International Comparison – an Institutionalist Analysis 1 Introduction In the mid-1990s, legal changes and policy initiatives in Germany led to the rapid emergence of a biotechnology industry. Initially, German biotech companies focused on the mar

  1. ENET News July 2004 - Information on Swiss energy research; ENET News, Juli 2004, Nr. 58 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2004-07-01

    This edition of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy's Magazine (SFOE) with information on Swiss energy research presents a large selection of articles on various energy-relevant topics. These include research strategies, a discussion on oil reserves, technology transfer and innovation, Swiss biomass activities, winning power from the drinking water mains and the use of ambient heat. Further articles cover the topics of energy-efficiency and lighting in buildings, the use of batteries in vehicles, the increasing decentralisation of power generation and the use of supra-conducting current-limiters. Also, research on improved fuel use in nuclear plant and models for batch-processes in the processing industry are looked at. Further articles cover the wood fuels, photovoltaics and wind-energy areas as well as heat storage using geothermal techniques.

  2. Genaue Erkenntnis über deutsche Fachhochschulen%准确认识德国 FACHHOCHSCHULEN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐理勤; 竺树声

    2001-01-01

    通过与创建之初的对比介绍Fachhochschulen(FH)现况.德国综合大学注重基础、着力原创,而FH的特色是面向应用、面向实践并面向未来.要注意在德国国情下给予准确评价,FH经验不仅我国高专高职可以借鉴,对普通本科院校也很有参考价值.

  3. Zehn Oden = Kümme oodi / Kristjan Jaak Peterson ; Deutsch von Gisbert Jänicke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Kristjan Jaak, 1801-1822

    2001-01-01

    Sisu: An Gott ; Sonnenuntergang ; Herbst ; Der Mensch ; Der Mond ; Freundschaft ; Ich muss trinken. Liedchen ; Hoffnung ; Ich bin wieder glücklich ; Der Sänger. Orig.: Jummalale ; Päva loja-minneminne ; Süggise ; Innimenne ; Kuu ; Söbradus ; Ma pean joma. Lauloke ; Lotus ; Ollen jälle önnis ; Laulja

  4. Pop nädal : popsündmus. POPtabel : DAC Deutsche Alternative Charts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    13.-14. juulil toimuvast Baltimaade suurimast tantsumuusika festivalist Sun Dance Music Festivalist. Augustis tuleb müüki George Michaeli uus singel "Shoot the Dog". Ansambli Depeche Mode liige Andrew Fletcher loob oma plaadifirma. Ansambli Duran Duran uuest albumist

  5. Pop nädal : popuudised. Plaadid. Top 20 DAC Deutsche Alternative Charts singlid / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    Jean Michel Jarre uuest kontsertprojektist "Aero" ja samanimelisest albumist. Inglise kitarripopparite Jesus Jones'i uuest singlist "Come On Home", hitikogumikust "Never Enough" ja kontserttuurist koos DVDga. Suri 34-aastane bändi Alice in Chains juhtfiguur, laulja ja kitarrist Layne Staley. Filmimuusika heliplaadist "The Royal Tenenbaums"

  6. Wem gehort die deutsche Sprache (To Whom Does the German Language Belong)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramsch, Claire

    1996-01-01

    The authority of the monolingual native speaker, unchallenged until now, has been questioned recently because of postmodern and postcolonialist trends. It is now valid to view learners of German as border-crossers between cultures, as bilingual/bicultural individuals. Ownership of the German language is neither a birthright nor an acquired right,…

  7. ENET News November 2004 - Information on Swiss energy research; ENET News, November 2004, Nr. 59 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2004-07-01

    This last edition of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE)'s magazine with information on Swiss energy research presents a large selection of articles on various energy-relevant topics. These include a review of energy research in Switzerland in general and the work of the Swiss Federal Energy Research Commission CORE in particular and a look at the basis for energy-economical perspectives in Switzerland. Further articles take a look at activities in the solar-chemical area, biomass and small-hydro projects, wind and geothermal energy as well as solar heating, photovoltaics and the use of ambient heat. Energy-efficiency in the buildings and traffic areas and combustion and combined heat and power are further topics covered. Nuclear energy and process engineering, fuel cells and activities in the international sector are examined. The publication is completed with a list of recent publications in the energy area.

  8. Eestlane ja sakslane eesti kirjanduses = Esten und deutsche im Spiegel der estnischen Literatur / Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Kuidas on mõjutanud saksa kultuur (ka baltisaksa kultuur) eesti kirjandust. Vaadeldakse sügavamalt Tammsaare romaani "Ma armastasin sakslast", Maimu Bergi romaani "Ma armastasin venelast" ja Valev Uibopuu romaani "Keegi ei kuule meid"

  9. Anorexia nervosa, Felix Deutsch, and the associative anamnesis: a psychosomatic kaleidoscope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipsitt, D R

    1989-01-01

    An abiding mystery of the mind-body connection is that it should seem mysterious at all--an indication, perhaps, of how deeply conditioned we have been by "dualism." That doctrine, laid down more than three centuries ago by French philosopher Rene Descartes, sees mind and body as distinct entities, to be treated separately. It became the paradigm for medicine, and still dominates medical thinking.

  10. Another Look at Correlations between the Oral Proficiency Interview and the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazulik, Johannes; Brown, Cheri

    A study supplementing earlier research by Lalande and Schweckendiek investigated comparisons and correlations obtained from testing a group of 17 university students of German using both the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) and the most recent revision of the examination for the…

  11. Rhipicephalus microplus strain Deutsch, whole genome shotgun sequencing project Version 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    The cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, has a genome over 2.4 times the size of the human genome, and with over 70% of repetitive DNA, this genome would prove very costly to sequence at today's prices and difficult to assemble and analyze. Cot filtration/selection techniques were used ...

  12. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus strain Deutsch, whole genome shotgun sequencing project first submission of genome sequence

    Science.gov (United States)

    The size and repetitive nature of the Rhipicephalus microplus genome makes obtaining a full genome sequence difficult. Cot filtration/selection techniques were used to reduce the repetitive fraction of the tick genome and enrich for the fraction of DNA with gene-containing regions. The Cot-selected ...

  13. Die Deutsche Genbank Zierpflanzen - Beitrag zur Erhaltung und Nutzung pflanzengenetischer Ressourcen national und international

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harrer, Siegfried

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Ornamental plants with their enormous variety of species and varieties do build an important part of plant genetic resources and by this of the biological diversity as a whole. Relevant frameworks, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture are described as well as the state of their national implementation. Against this background the constitution and further development of the national Genebank for Ornamentals will be outlined as well as the contributions to the implementation of the afore mentioned international framework.

  14. German atomic energy law in the international framework. Proceedings. Deutsches Atomenergierecht im internationalen Rahmen. Tagungsbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pelzer, N. (Goettingen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Voelkerrecht) (ed.)

    1992-01-01

    The regional conference was devoted to the legal problems that ensue from German reunification against the background of the integration of German atomic energy law within international law. The elements of national atomic energy legislation required by international law and recent developments in international nuclear liability law were discussed from different perspectives. The particular problems of the application of the German Atomic Energy Act in the 5 new Laender (the territories of the former GDR) were presented and discussed, namely: The continued validity of old licences issued by the GDR; practical legal problems connected with the construction of nuclear power plants in the 5 new Laender; the legal issues connected with the final repository for radioactive wastes at Morsleben; and the new developments in radiation protection law following from the Unification Treaty and the new ICRP recommendations. All 14 lectures have been abstracted and indexed individually. (orig.).

  15. Germany's lignite industry in 2012; Die deutsche Braunkohlenindustrie im Jahr 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maassen, Uwe [Bundesverband Braunkohle, Statistik der Kohlenwirtschaft e.V., Koeln (Germany); Schiffer, Hans-Wilhelm [RWE Aktiengesellschaft, Essen (Germany). CEA-W Allgemeine Wirtschaftspolitik/Wissenschaft

    2013-05-15

    From 2011 to 2012, Germany's domestic lignite output edged up to 5.1% from 176.5 mill. t to 185.4 mill. t. This figure is equivalent to a net calorific value of 57.2 mill. tce. Of the total output, 166.3 mill. t, or some 90%, was used in utility power plants for the public supply, i.e. 5.7% more than in the previous year. In addition, 15.1 mill. t was input in the factories of the lignite-mining industry to make solid products, while 3.0 mill. t was used to generate electricity in mine-mouth power plants. Other sales of raw lignite and changes in stocks accounted for 1.0 mill. t. Lignite made a 25.7% contribution toward Germany's total power generation in 2012. In 2012, lignite had a 12.1% share in primary-energy consumption balance after mineral oil (33.1%), natural gas (21.6%) and hard coal (12.2%). Renewable resources cover 11.6%, while nuclear energy accounts for 8.0% and other energy sources for 1.4%. With output of 57.2 mill. tce, lignite held a share of 38.4% in Germany's primary-energy production of some 149 mill. tce in 2012. The contributions made by other energy carriers to primary-energy production in 2012 were as follows: 11.1 mill. tce hard coal, 13.3 mill. tce gas, 3.8 mill. tce mineral oil, 54.0 mill. tce renewables, and 9.5 mill. tce other energy sources. Of the total electricity amount that Germany produced in 2012, 25.7% was accounted for by lignite. This means that lignite led the ranking of the most important input energies for electricity generation in 2012, followed by renewables with 22.1%, hard coal with 19.1%, nuclear energy with 16.1% and gas with 11.3%. Other energy sources made a 5.7% contribution to total gross power generation. The most important ratios for the contributions made by the various lignite-mining areas to Germany's energy supply are shown. CO{sub 2} emissions from lignite rose 5.1% from 173.9 mill. t in 2011 to 182.8 mill. t in 2012. In the total period from 1990 to 2012, a decline of 159.4 mill. t, or 46.6%, was noted. Hence, lignite's share in total CO{sub 2} emissions in Germany (including industrial processes, they amounted to 814 mill. t in 2012) fell from 32.8% in 1990 to 22.5% in 2012. (orig.)

  16. Deutsche Biotech-Unternehmen und ihre Innovationsfähigkeit im internationalen Vergleich : eine institutionentheoretische Analyse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lange, K.S.G.

    2006-01-01

    German Biotech-Companies and their Innovativeness in International Comparison – an Institutionalist Analysis 1 Introduction In the mid-1990s, legal changes and policy initiatives in Germany led to the rapid emergence of a biotechnology industry. Initially, German biotech companies focused on the

  17. 2011 German refrigeration and air conditioning meeting. Proceedings; Deutsche Kaelte-Klima-Tagung 2011. Tagungsbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    Within the DKV conference of the Deutscher Kaelte- und Klimatechnischer Verein e.V. (Hanover, Federal Republic of Germany) from 16th to 18th November, 2011, at the Eurogress Aachen (Federal Republic of Germany) 112 lectures were held according to the following themes: cryomedicine, cryobiology, cryocomponents, mobility, cryoapplications, miniature cooler, Fundamentals and materials in the cryotechnology and heat pump technology, heat transfer, absorption processes, materials characteristics and phase change materials, storage and phase change, plants and components of refrigerating and heat pump technology - compressors, control and systems, energy efficiency (and CO{sub 2}), standardization and standard, application of refrigeration, supermarket/coolant, enhancement of efficiency in the air conditioning of passenger cars, indoor air conditioning in automobiles, enhancement of efficiency in different vehicles, climate technology and application of heat pumps - field tests and optimization, test rigs and simulations, heat pumps, optimisation in new buildings and stock buildings, climate coolants and quality of air. Beside this conference twelve student meetings were presented.

  18. 2015 German refrigeration and air conditioning meeting. Abstracts; Deutsche Kaelte- und Klimatagung 2015. Kurzfassungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-07-01

    The volume contains the abstracts of the 2015 German refrigeration and air conditioning meeting in 5 chapters: cryo-technology, fundamentals of materials for refrigeration engineering and heat pump technology, facilities and components for the refrigeration and heat pump technology; application of refrigeration engineering; air conditioning technology and heat pump application.

  19. 2012 German refrigeration and air conditioning meeting. Proceedings; Deutsche Kaelte-Klima-Tagung 2012 Tagungsbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    Within the DKV conference of the Deutscher Kaelte- und Klimatechnischer Verein e.V. (Hanover, Federal Republic of Germany) from 21st to 23rd November, 2012, in Wuerzburg (Federal Republic of Germany) 121 lectures were held according to the following themes: Measurement and process control in cryotechnology; energy storage and energy application; application of cryotechnology in biology and medicine, new concepts and plants; fundamentals and materials for the technology of cold pumps and heat pumps - pool boiling; flow boiling / CO{sub 2}; adsorption processes; adsorption processes / phase change materials; condensation / dehumidification; plants and components of the technology of cold pumps and heat pumps - compressors; expansion and regulation; heat exchanger and reflux cooling; heat exchangers; systems simulation; systems and materials; application of cold - energy controlling / application; foodstuff / supermarket; air conditionings of passenger cars; air-conditioning of electric-powered automobiles; railway air-conditioning / system analyses; standardization and regulations; air conditioning and application of heat pumps - regulation / hardware-in-the-loop; net-zero-energy building; building engineering and simulation; standardization / IAQ / building materials; heat pumps; thermal comfort and performance in office accommodations.

  20. 2013 German refrigeration and air conditioning meeting. Proceedings; Deutsche Kaelte- und Klimatagung 2013. Tagungsbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-07-01

    These proceedings cover the following main topics: cryoengineering - superconduction / energy storage; cryoapplications in biology and medicine; metrology; adsorption processes; condensation/evaporation; working fluids / simulation; ice production; plants and compressors; expansion and ejectors or recooling; use of cooling (passenger car air conditioning, supermarket); refrigerants; plant efficiency; emissions and legislation; air conditioning and use of heat pumps; air quality and control; building technology and block-type thermal power stations. [German] Dieser Tagungsbericht enthaelt folgende Themenschwerpunkte: Kryotechnik - Supraleitung/Energiespeicher; Kryoanwendungen in der Biologie und Medizin; Messtechnik; Adsorptionsprozesse; Kondensation/Verdampfung; Arbeitsfluide/Simulation; Eiserzeugung; Anlagen und Verdichter; Expansion und Ejektoren bzw. Rueckkuehlung; Kaelteanwendung (PKW-Klimatisierung; Supermarkt); Kaeltemittel; Anlageneffizienz; Emissionen und Gesetzgebung; Klimatechnik und Waermepumpenanwendung; Luftqualitaet und Regelung; Gebaeudetechnik und BHKW.

  1. 2014 German refrigeration and air conditioning meeting. Proceedings; Deutsche Kaelte- und Klimatagung 2014. Tagungsbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-07-01

    The proceedings of the 2014 German refrigeration and air conditioning meeting contain contributions on the following topics: cryotechnology, fundamentals and materials for the refrigeration and heat pump technology, devices and components for the refrigeration and heat pump technology, applications of refrigeration technologies, air conditioning technology and heat pump applications, cryotechnology in biology and medicine, heat transfer and ventilation, guidelines and legal topics, refrigerant fluid - oil mixtures, control and surveillance, simulation and control, ambient air.

  2. Financial assistance for investments in wind power in Germany. Business incentives provided by the Deutsche Ausgleichsbank

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koch, M. [Deutsche Ausgleichsbank, Bonn (Germany)

    1995-12-31

    Within a generous financial framework investments in wind energy power have rapidly increased in Germany since the late 1980`s. In addition to direct subsidies or incentive stipulated by statutory provisions the DtA has encouraged investments in wind energy projects by loans at preferential interest rates with tremendous success and it will continue to do so. At present especially new ways of supporting environmental investments are being seek which have a cross-border environmental impact. The goal is to provide financial assistance both to domestic and foreign companies willing to invest in transboundary projects which may be located in East European Countries

  3. Deutsch als Fremdsprachenphilologie: Das Heidelberger Modell (German as a Foreign Language Philology: The Heidelberg Model)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietrich, Rainer; Heuer, Fritz

    1975-01-01

    German as a Foreign Language Philology is a new subject developed at the New Philology Faculty of the University of Heidelberg. Students whose native language is not German can earn a Master of Arts in this field. The study plan, educational goals, and the content and organization of the curriculum are described. (Text is in German.) (TL)

  4. German energy concept versus 2012 network development plan; Deutsches Energiekonzept versus Netzentwicklungsplan 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heinrichs, Heide; Pesch, Thiemo; Hake, Juergen-Friedrich [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Energie- und Klimaforschung - Systemforschung und Technologische Entwicklung (IEK-STE); Martinsen Dag

    2013-06-15

    The energy concept of the German federal government and the 2012 network development plan of the German Federal Network Agency both describe the future of the German energy supply system and in particular that of the electricity supply. A closer look reveals significant differences in the future projections of these scenarios. A comparison using the IKARUS energy supply system model shows that the differences are not negligible when it comes to assessing the German energy supply system as a whole. This concerns in particular future power plant capacities, CO{sub 2} emissions and the conversion costs incurred each year.

  5. Zahlworter in kontrastiver Sicht Chinesisch-Deutsch%浅谈汉德量词的异同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔婕

    2012-01-01

      .Kurzfassung:Das Zahlwort ist im chinesischen ein obligatorischer Zusatz zu Zahlen, der bei der Bildung von Mengenangaben als Zahleinheit, und auch allgemein zur Bildung des Plurals verwendet wird. Im Chinesischen sind Z ahlworter obligatorisch, also bei jeder Mengenangabe verwendet werden mü ssen. Dort bilden Zahl und Zahlwort zusammen ein Zahlwort. Abhangig von der Bedeutung des gezahlten Begriffs ist ein passendes Zahlwort zu wahlen. Im Deutschen sind die sogenannten"Zahlworter"aber nicht wie im Chinesisch zu einer selbststandigen Wortklasse zahlen. Deswegen haben bis jetzt nicht viele Beitrage darü ber.%  相对西洋文字来说中文里的量词显得很独特,而在德语中-本没有量词这一词类,德语中的量词功能则由表示单位的具体名词承担。本文主要从概念和形式两方面来研究汉德量词的异同点。

  6. A note on superposition of two unknown states using Deutsch CTC model

    CERN Document Server

    Sami, Sasha

    2016-01-01

    In a recent work, authors prove a yet another no-go theorem that forbids the existence of a universal probabilistic quantum protocol producing a superposition of two unknown quantum states. In this short note, we show that in the presence of closed time like curves, one can indeed create superposition of unknown quantum states and evade the no-go result.

  7. Another Look at Correlations between the Oral Proficiency Interview and the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazulik, Johannes; Brown, Cheri

    A study supplementing earlier research by Lalande and Schweckendiek investigated comparisons and correlations obtained from testing a group of 17 university students of German using both the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) and the most recent revision of the examination for the…

  8. Niederländisch 'toch' und Deutsch 'doch': Gleich oder doch nicht ganz?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foolen, Ad

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a semantic analysis is presented of the Dutch particle 'toch' and its German cognate 'doch'. On the formal level they may appear as either adverb, conjunction or interjection, and they also occur in different sentence types. It is argued that the core meaning of both particles is the same. The range of uses differs, however, between the two languages. For example, German 'doch' can be used as an 'answering particle’ in reaction to a negative statement or question. This is not possible in Dutch. The core meaning of the particles can be explicated in terms of three steps: the utterance with 'toch'/'doch' represents a positive step. This step is preceded (implicitly or explicitly by a negative step, which is in turn preceded by a positive step wich is identical to the actual positive step. For certain uses of 'toch' and 'doch', however, we have to assume a modification of this general schema. A Dutch novel (by Maarten 't Hart, 1983 and its German translation was used as a corpus. The original text contained 270 occurrences of 'toch', and the translation 230 'doch'’s.

  9. Von den Flitterwochen zur distanzierten Partnerschaft - Deutsche Manager in internationalen M&A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuchs, Martina; Schalljo, Martin

    2017-02-01

    Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) require considerable intercultural openness on the part of the managers involved. A recent wave of takeovers by private equity investors and foreign investors from emerging economies has challenged German executives. In cases of friendly takeovers, as described in this study, managers at first appear to extend a cosmopolitan welcome to the new owners. However, further analysis of structural hermeneutics reveals latent normative professional ethics of managers which lead to practices of distancing, in particular from young investors from China, India, and Russia.

  10. The German coal market in 2008; Der deutsche Steinkohlenmarkt im Jahr 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luebke, Roland; Loo, Kai van de; Lange, Achim [Gesamtverband Steinkohle (GVSt), Essen (Germany)

    2009-04-28

    The German coal market was characterised by highly conflicting trends in 2008. Coal prices on the international markets continued to rise like oil prices until summer and reached an 'all-time high'. The import prices increased accordingly. For the new annual contracts for coking coal imports the German steel industry had to make record payments of up to 300 US-Dollars/t. In autumn, however, the coal markets worldwide were drawn into the whirlpool of the global financial and economic crisis, which not only led to a drastic fall in prices, but also to a clear decline in sales. Coal consumption in Germany fell by 7.3% from 67.4 Mill.t coal units in the previous year to 62.5 Mill.t coal units in 2008. The electricity generation from coal even fell by 9.5 %. Despite the decline in coal consumption the proportion of imported coal in the German coal market increased (to 72 %) because indigenous production was reduced as planned from 22.2 Mill.t coal units to 17.7 Mill.t coal unites, i.e. by a further good 20 %. In the middle of 2008 the Walsum mine was closed as planned and on 1 January 2009 also the Lippe mine. In spring 2008 there was also an unplanned partial closure of the Saar mine. It was preceded by an unexpected earth tremor caused by the mining industry, which was followed by temporary stoppage of production throughout the Saar district and subsequent relocation of the workings to other areas, whereby the production quantities have been reduced and operation is to continue only until 2012. (orig.)

  11. Die deutsche Sprache und Fremdwörter im 3. Reich

    OpenAIRE

    Szalatnay, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    The paper offers an overview of the treatment of German words of foreign origin during the period of National Socialism, while also tackling the questions whether the leading National Socialists held a hostile attitude towards foreign words and what attitude towards foreign words the 'Deutscher Sprachverrein' (German Language Society) assumed in teh years 1933-1945. Seeing that there is a quite widely held opinion that the National Socilaist anti-Semitic ideology of those years was also manif...

  12. Der 'Deutsche Gruß' in Briefen. Zur historischen Soziolinguistik und Pragmatik eines verordneten Sprachgebrauchs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaas - Hinrich Ehlers

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The official decree, in 1933, to use "Heil Hitler" and "Mit deutschem Gruß [With German greetings]" as greetings, constituted a massive intervention in the everyday use of language in the German population. The study examines in what time frame and in what domains of written communication the new forms of greeting were established. Sources include guidelines and sample letters from Nazi era style guides as well as a body of authentic business letters from the 1920s to 1940s. The development described in the study is characterized as a phase of forcibly accelerated modernization in the long-term history of European communication routines. The introduction of the Hitler salute is identified as a premature and passing episode in the multidimensional transition from feudal courtesy of the vertical distance towards a bourgeois/contemporary courtesy of the horizontal distance.

  13. Eestlane ja sakslane eesti kirjanduses = Esten und deutsche im Spiegel der estnischen Literatur / Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Kuidas on mõjutanud saksa kultuur (ka baltisaksa kultuur) eesti kirjandust. Vaadeldakse sügavamalt Tammsaare romaani "Ma armastasin sakslast", Maimu Bergi romaani "Ma armastasin venelast" ja Valev Uibopuu romaani "Keegi ei kuule meid"

  14. Pop nädal : popuudised. Plaadid. Top 20 DAC Deutsche Alternative Charts singlid / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    Jean Michel Jarre uuest kontsertprojektist "Aero" ja samanimelisest albumist. Inglise kitarripopparite Jesus Jones'i uuest singlist "Come On Home", hitikogumikust "Never Enough" ja kontserttuurist koos DVDga. Suri 34-aastane bändi Alice in Chains juhtfiguur, laulja ja kitarrist Layne Staley. Filmimuusika heliplaadist "The Royal Tenenbaums"

  15. Deutsche Biotech-Unternehmen und ihre Innovationsfähigkeit im internationalen Vergleich : Eine institutionentheoretische Analyse

    OpenAIRE

    Lange, K.S.G.

    2006-01-01

    German Biotech-Companies and their Innovativeness in International Comparison – an Institutionalist Analysis 1 Introduction In the mid-1990s, legal changes and policy initiatives in Germany led to the rapid emergence of a biotechnology industry. Initially, German biotech companies focused on the market segment of platform technologies, characterized by incremental innovations. In recent years however, many companies have shifted their strategic focus on the market segment of therapeutics, cha...

  16. Engineering dictionary. English-German. Taschenbuch Maschinenbau - Elektrotechnik. Englisch-Deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moellerke, G.

    1990-01-01

    With about 6000 entries, this small dictionary presents the basic technical language that is needed by engineers and technicians. Experts in mechanical and electrical engineering are also given terminology on commissioning, design, machine calculation, voltage application and measurement, circuits, mathematical characters and equations. The book is an unusual technical dictionary in that it contains a phonetic spelling for each word in order to facilitate pronunciation. (orig.).

  17. GEO 600 spitzt die Ohren. Der deutsche Gravitationswellendetektor erreicht seine geplante Empfindlichkeit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borgeest, Ulf

    2005-04-01

    Die Physiker und Astronomen betreiben weltweit fünf große Laserinterferometer zur Messung von Gravitationswellen, darunter GEO 600 bei Hannover. Die hochempfindlichen Detektoren sollen helfen, die energiereichsten Vorgänge im Weltall aufzuklären und fundamentale physikalische Probleme zu lösen. Zur Zeit beginnen die ersten Messungen mit einer Empfindlichkeit, die astronomische Beobachtungen erlaubt.

  18. Niederländisch 'toch' und Deutsch 'doch': Gleich oder doch nicht ganz?

    OpenAIRE

    Foolen, Ad

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, a semantic analysis is presented of the Dutch particle 'toch' and its German cognate 'doch'. On the formal level they may appear as either adverb, conjunction or interjection, and they also occur in different sentence types. It is argued that the core meaning of both particles is the same. The range of uses differs, however, between the two languages. For example, German 'doch' can be used as an 'answering particle in reaction to a negative statement or question. This is not po...

  19. Pop nädal : popsündmus. POPtabel : DAC Deutsche Alternative Charts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    13.-14. juulil toimuvast Baltimaade suurimast tantsumuusika festivalist Sun Dance Music Festivalist. Augustis tuleb müüki George Michaeli uus singel "Shoot the Dog". Ansambli Depeche Mode liige Andrew Fletcher loob oma plaadifirma. Ansambli Duran Duran uuest albumist

  20. German S3-Guideline: Rectovaginal fistula [Deutsche S3-Leitlinie: Rektovaginale Fistel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ommer, Andreas

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background: Rectovaginal fistulas are rare, and the majority is of traumatic origin. The most common causes are obstetric trauma, local infection, and rectal surgery. This guideline does not cover rectovaginal fistulas that are caused by chronic inflammatory bowel disease.Methods: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. Results: Rectovaginal fistula is diagnosed on the basis of the patient history and the clinical examination. Other pathologies should be ruled out by endoscopy, endosonography or tomography. The assessment of sphincter function is valuable for surgical planning (potential simultaneous sphincter reconstruction.Persistent rectovaginal fistulas generally require surgical treatment. Various surgical procedures have been described. The most common procedure involves a transrectal approach with endorectal suture. The transperineal approach is primarily used in case of simultaneous sphincter reconstruction. In recurrent fistulas. Closure can be achieved by the interposition of autologous tissue (Martius flap, gracilis muscle or biologically degradable materials. In higher fistulas, abdominal approaches are used as well. Stoma creation is more frequently required in rectovaginal fistulas than in anal fistulas. The decision regarding stoma creation should be primarily based on the extent of the local defect and the resulting burden on the patient.Conclusion: In this clinical S3-Guideline, instructions for diagnosis and treatment of rectovaginal fistulas are described for the first time in Germany. Given the low evidence level, this guideline is to be considered of descriptive character only. Recommendations for diagnostics and treatment are primarily based the clinical experience of the guideline group and cannot be fully supported by the literature.[german] Hintergrund: Rektovaginale Fisteln stellen eine seltene Erkrankung dar. Die Mehrzahl der rektovaginalen Fisteln ist traumatischer Genese. Die wichtigsten Ursachen stellen Entbindungstraumata, lokale Infektionen und Eingriffe am Rektum dar. Rektovaginale Fisteln bei chronisch-entzündlichen Darmerkrankungen werden in dieser Leitlinie nicht behandelt.Methode: Es wurde ein systematisches Review der Literatur durchgeführt. Ergebnisse: Die Diagnose einer rektovaginalen Fistel ergibt sich aus Anamnese und klinischer Untersuchung. Andere pathologische Veränderungen sollten durch Zusatzuntersuchungen (Endoskopie, Endosonographie, Schichtuntersuchung ausgeschlossen werden. Eine Beurteilung der Sphinkterfunktion ist für die Planung des operativen Vorgehens (Frage der simultanen Sphinkterrekonstruktion sinnvoll.Eine persistierende rektovaginale Fistel kann in der Regel nur durch eine Operation zur Ausheilung gebracht werden. Es wurden verschiedene Operationsverfahren mit niedrigem Evidenzniveau beschrieben. Am häufigsten ist das transrektale Vorgehen mit endorektaler Naht. Der transperineale Zugang kommt in erster Linie bei simultaner Schließmuskelrekonstruktion zur Anwendung. Bei rezidivierenden Fisteln kann durch die Interposition von körpereigenem Gewebe (Martius-Lappen, M.gracilis ein Verschluss erzielt werden. In neuen Studien wurde auch ein Verschluss durch Einbringen von Biomaterialien vorgestellt. Bei höher gelegenen Fisteln kommen auch abdominelle Verfahren zur Anwendung. Häufiger als bei der Behandlung von Analfisteln ist bei der rektovaginalen Fistel eine Stomaanlage erforderlich. Je nach Ätiologie (v.a. Rektumresektion wurde bei einem Teil der Patientinnen bereits ein Stoma im Rahmen der Primäroperation angelegt. Die Indikation zur Stomaanlage sollte sich in erster Linie nach dem Ausmaß des lokalen Defektes und der daraus resultierenden Belastung der betroffenen Frau richten.Schlussfolgerung: In dieser klinischen Leitlinie werden zum ersten Mal in Deutschland Richtlinien für die Behandlung der rektovaginalen Fisteln basierend auf einer systematischen Literaturanalyse vorgestellt. Aufgrund des niedrigen Evidenzniveaus kann die vorliegende Leitlinie nur einen deskriptiven Charakter haben. Empfehlung für Diagnostik und Therapie beruhen überwiegend auf den klinischen Erfahrungen der Leitliniengruppe und können nicht durch die vorhandene Literatur komplett abgedeckt werden.

  1. The German coal market in 2002; Der deutsche Steinkohlenmarkt im Jahr 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hufschmied, P. [Gesamtverband des Deutschen Steinkohlenbergbaus, Essen (Germany)

    2003-05-08

    With the cyclically and weather-induced fall in primary energy consumption the coal market in Germany achieved a volume of 64.3 mill. t coal units in 2002, i.e. 2.3% less than in the previous year. The fall was attributable to the decline in sales to the electricity industry, whereas the deliveries to the steel industry almost reached the level of the previous year. The coal output of the ten mines still in production since early 2002 fell to 26.8 mill. t coal units. Following the fall in the previous year due to geological and technical difficulties a turn-around was achieved in mine output. The output per man shift underground rose by 4.7% to 6 539 kg saleable output. The number of employees fell by 3 900 to 48 670. (orig.) [German] Bei konjunktur- und witterungsbedingt sinkendem Primaerenergieverbrauch erreichte der Steinkohlenmarkt in Deutschland im Jahr 2002 ein Volumen von 64,3 Mill. t SKE, das waren 2,3% weniger als im Vorjahr. Dabei waren sowohl die heimische als auch die importierte Steinkohle ruecklaeufig. Der Absatz deutscher Steinkohle war mit 28,6 Mill. t SKE um 2,7 Mill. t SKE niedriger als im Vorjahr. Der Rueckgang ging insbesondere auf den verringerten Absatz an die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft zurueck, waehrend die Lieferungen an die Strahlindustrie das Vorjahresniveau fast erreichten. Die Steinkohlenfoerderung der seit Jahresbeginn 2002 noch zehn Steinkohlenbergwerke ging auf 26,8 Mill. t SKE zurueck. Bei der bergmaennischen Leistung wurde nach dem durch geologische und technische Schwierigkeiten bedingten Einbruch im Vorjahr der Turnaround geschafft. Die Leistung je Mann und Schicht unter Tage verbesserte sich um 4,7% auf 6 539 kg/v.F. Die Belegschaft verringerte sich um 3 900 auf 48 670. (orig.)

  2. Behandlung der Wortbildungselemente in deutsch-tschechischen Übersetzungswörterbüchern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šemelík, Martin

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is threefold. First, it aspires to discuss some general considerations regarding the treatment of word-forming elements in a bilingual dictionary. It is argued that not few lexicographic decisions are to be made rather independently of fluctuating linguistic postulates and that the user aspect and the function of the respective dictionary should be paid special attention to. Second, the paper examines the quantity and quality of the information provided on affixes in two German-Czech dictionaries. The analysis focuses on the entry components terminology, spelling, pronunciation, input and output units, sense distinction, translation equivalents, examples, cross-references, usage labels and productivity as well as on selectional criteria and information on affixes in the outside matter. The analysis reveals that the dictionaries under scrutiny show considerable weaknesses with respect to the information provided. Third, the paper briefly describes the treatment of the German prefix/circumfix Ge-...(-e in the emerging Large German-Czech Academic Dictionary, an output of a project pursued at the Institute of Germanic Studies, Faculty of Philosophy & Arts, Charles University in Prague. It is shown how contrastive analysis can be supplemented by a corpus-based view using new corpus-linguistic tools.

  3. Zur Analyse von Deutsch-Englischen Interferenzerscheinungen (On the Analysis of German-English Interference Phenomena).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornell, Alan; Schmidt, Helmut

    1980-01-01

    Presents examples of interference phenomena, lexical, grammatical, and orthographic, which occurred in the translation section of examinations given to prospective teachers of English in German university-preparatory high schools. The elements of error are analyzed, and corrected versions are supplied. (IFS/WGA)

  4. Übersetzen im Bereich Deutsch als Fremdsprache : Leistungen, Grenzen und Konsequenzen

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Even if translation has a long tradition within the conveyance of foreign languages, there has been a vehement discussion on its role since the 1970s – at least with respect to some languages, such as English. In the context of German as a foreign language this topic has been discussed only to some extent. With this in mind, the following article aims to examine the role of translation in the field of the German as a foreign language with specific focus on the advantages and limitations assoc...

  5. ENET News November 2004 - Information on Swiss energy research; ENET News, November 2004, Nr. 59 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2004-07-01

    This last edition of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE)'s magazine with information on Swiss energy research presents a large selection of articles on various energy-relevant topics. These include a review of energy research in Switzerland in general and the work of the Swiss Federal Energy Research Commission CORE in particular and a look at the basis for energy-economical perspectives in Switzerland. Further articles take a look at activities in the solar-chemical area, biomass and small-hydro projects, wind and geothermal energy as well as solar heating, photovoltaics and the use of ambient heat. Energy-efficiency in the buildings and traffic areas and combustion and combined heat and power are further topics covered. Nuclear energy and process engineering, fuel cells and activities in the international sector are examined. The publication is completed with a list of recent publications in the energy area.

  6. Deutsche Konjunktur robust in rauem Klima: Prognose der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung 2016/2017

    OpenAIRE

    Gustav A. Horn; Behringer, Jan; Herzog-Stein, Alexander; Hohlfeld, Peter; Rietzler, Katja; Stephan, Sabine; Theobald, Thomas; Tober, Silke

    2016-01-01

    Die Weltwirtschaft befindet sich insgesamt in einer labilen Lage. Die Abflachung des chinesischen Booms dämpft den Welthandel. Die niedrigen Rohstoffpreise belasten die Konjunktur in den meisten großen Schwellenländern erheblich und damit auch die Weltwirtschaft. Diesen negativen Tendenzen steht aber die Fortdauer eines moderaten Aufschwungs in den USA gegenüber. In diesem schwierigen Umfeld bleibt die Konjunktur in Deutschland relativ robust. Der wesentliche Grund hierfür ist die kräftige Bi...

  7. Cooperation in the nuclear field among the states of Eastern Europe; Die kerntechnische Zusammenarbeit der Staaten Osteuropas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauer, H. [Tetra Energie Technologie Transfer GmbH, Berlin (Germany); Kraemer, J. [Tetra Energie Technologie Transfer GmbH, Berlin (Germany)

    1996-11-01

    Since the re-orientation of the societies of Central and Eastern Europe on the basis of a free and democratic order, the West has launched a number of support programs for safe operation of the nuclear power plants run in these countries. It should not be overlooked, however, that a traditionally close cooperation in all areas of the military and peaceful uses of nuclear power had existed among the Socialist countries, mostly dominated by the Soviet Union, i.e. Russia. After the initiation of the process of democratization, the turnaround to the West was overemphasized initially, but in the meantime the old ties of cooperation have been strengthened again, though with more sovereignty of the participating nations. Russia is striving to maintain her hegemony and exploit the findings of recent nuclear research in order to boost her balance of trade by exports. (orig.) [Deutsch] Seit sich die Gesellschaften der Staaten Mittel- und Osteuropas neu orientieren, und das auf der Basis einer freiheitlich-demokratischen Grundordnung, wurden im Westen unterschiedlichste Unterstuetzungsprogramme fuer einen sicheren Betrieb der in diesen Laendern betriebenen Kernkraftwerke aufgelegt. Dabei darf nicht ausser acht gelassen werden, dass traditionell eine enge Zusammenarbeit auf allen Gebieten der militaerischen und friedlichen Nutzung der Kernenergie in den sozialistischen Staaten existierte, zumeist unter Dominanz der Sowjetunion, und hier Russlands. Nach Einleitung des Demokratisierungsprozesses wurde die Hinwendung zum Westen zunaechst ueberbetont; inzwischen aber wurden die gewachsenen Kooperationen wieder gefestigt, allerdings unter groesserer Souveraenitaet der beteiligten Nationen. Russland ist bestrebt, seine Hegemonie zu behaupten und die Ergebnisse neuerer kerntechnischer Forschung zu nutzen, um durch Exporte seine Handelsbilanz zu verbessern. (orig.)

  8. LEITTEC `96. Digitization of instrumentation and control in nuclear power plants; LEITTEC `96. Digitalisierung der Leittechnik in Kernkraftwerken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauer, K.G. [comp.

    1997-11-01

    The nuclear power plants in operation in Germany have been commissioned in the years from 1968 until 1988. Their control and safety systems likewise correspond to the electronic technology available then, as e.g. discrete semi-conductor technology. The high reliability of those systems contributed a major share to the excellent operating results achieved by German nuclear power plants. However, aging of existing systems as well as spare part availability and integration of older and more recent hardware generations now are posing specific problems. Intensive work has been devoted to the retrofitting of existing systems and integration of computer-assisted control systems as well as conversion to programmable systems in order to achieve a basis permitting economically justifiable operation, acceptable also from the angle of hardware and software inspection requirements, so that the German Atomforum thought that these activities and the underlying problems would make a suitable topic for a conference. There were about 150 experts attending the one-day meeting for intensive discussion and exchange of information. The proceedings volume contains 11 of the conference papers and provides an overview of the current status and expected developments in the field of digitization of instrumentation and control in nuclear power plants.(orig./CB) [Deutsch] Die in Deutschland betriebenen Kernkraftwerke haben ihren Betrieb alle zwischen 1968 und 1988 aufgenommen. Ihre Leit- und Sicherheitstechnik ist noch weitgehend von fest verdrahteten Elektroniksystemen und diskreter Halbleitertechnik gepraegt. Die hohe Zuverlaessigkeit dieser Systeme hat grossen Anteil an den hervorragenden Betriebsergebnissen, die immer wieder von deutschen Kernkraftwerken erzielt werden. Dennoch wirft die Alterung der vorhandenen Technik Fragen der Ersatzteilbeschaffung und der Integration unterschiedlicher Geraetegenerationen auf. Die intensiven Arbeiten, die in zurueckliegender Zeit geleistet wurden, um

  9. Target: The green meadow. How much knowledge is needed for the dismantling of nuclear power plants?; Ziel: die Gruene Wiese. Wieviel Know-how man braucht, um ein Kernkraftwerk zurueckzubauen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bach, Friedrich-Wilhelm; Hassel, Thomas [Unterwassertechnikum Hannover (UWTH), Hannover (Germany). Inst. fuer Werkstoffkunde

    2013-07-01

    As from the year 2022, there will no nuclear power plant exist in Germany. In the contribution under consideration two scientists from the Institute of Materials Science (Hanover, Federal Republic of Germany) report on the preparations and the necessary technical knowledge in order to dismantle the highly complex nuclear facilities and to recultivate former nuclear power plant sites.

  10. Expertise about the request of the nuclear power plant Leibstadt for increasing the power to 3600 MW{sub th}; Gutachten zum Gesuch des Kernkraftwerks Leibstadt um Leistungserhoehung auf 3600 MW{sub th}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-15

    On July 31, 1992, the nuclear power plant Leibstadt AG (KKL) submitted a request for a modification of its operation license for increasing the reactor thermal power to 3600 MW. In its examination, the Federal Agency for the Safety of Nuclear Installations (HSK) investigated the effects of the power increase on reactor safety, especially on the safety criteria which can limit the power. In doing this, a distinction has to be made between normal operation, design incidents and out-of-design accidents. KKL is a boiling water reactor (BWR) with a current maximum thermal power of 3,138 MW with 648 fuel assemblies in the core. Since the start of operation in February 1984, the reactor has been continuously improved and now almost fulfils the present state-of-the-art of science and technology for BWRs. After some incidents during the early years, the plant shows a high level of availability. During the past 6 years some fuel assembly damage has cast a shadow on good operational experience, but until now the collective irradiation dose of the plant staff and the environment has remained mostly below legal limits, as well as for the release of radioactive materials to the atmosphere and to the Rhine River. Calculations of core loading with the fuel assemblies presently used at KKL have shown that the operation and safety limits of the reactor core can still be preserved with a thermal power of 3600 MW. For normal operation, no objection can be raised against the power increase. This increase, however, has to be carried out step-by-step in order to gain experience concerning plant behaviour. With the higher power rating, increased dose rates are expected on systems and components, in plant rooms and in the plant area, which also leads to increased dose rates to the staff and environment. This increase has to be estimated and, possibly, correction measures will have to be taken in order to reduce them. Especially to be monitored is the dose rate increase in the machine hall. In the case of design incidents too, all safety-relevant limits and the maximal tolerable dose rates in the environment must be respected. In the context of design incidents, the 'transitory' group also constitutes the limiting case with the higher power. For the complete judgement of the safety of a nuclear power plant it is not sufficient to estimate the effects of a design incident through deterministic methods. The evaluation of the effects of out-of-design accidents needs a probabilistic safety analysis which determines the frequency as well as the consequences of an accident. The results show that KKL represents a very small risk for the environment. In KKL the measures necessary for safe operation and protection of mankind and environment at a thermal power of 3600 MW have already been taken or will be taken shortly. According to its examination, HSK concludes that there are no safety-relevant reasons speaking against an operational license for the increased thermal power. The increase will, however, have to be carried out in 4 steps of 1 year each in order to gain operational experience

  11. Analysis of the EU stress test results for the NPP Fessenheim and Beznau. Pt. 2. Beznau; Analyse der Ergebnisse des EU-Stresstest der Kernkraftwerke Fessenheim und Beznau. T. 2. Beznau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brettner, Mathias [Physikerbuero Bremen (Germany); Pistner, Christoph; Kurth, Stephan [Oeko-Institut e.V. - Institut fuer Angewandte Oekologie, Darmstadt (Germany)

    2012-10-11

    As a consequence of the reactor accidents in Fukushima Daiichi the safety status of nuclear power plants was performed by national and international surveillance processes. In Germany the safety status of the NPP was testes by the reactor safety commission, an expert commission of Baden-Wuerttemberg, an expert commission of Bavaria and the EU stress test. The evaluation criteria based on national and international surveillance processes were focused on earthquakes, flooding and postulated failures of the electricity supply - station blackout and long-lasting failure of the emergency power supply. In Germany extended requirements included the electricity supply and the emergency cooling water supply. The authors identify essential safety relevant systems in the NPP Beznau, including technical systems, energy supply, plant-internal emergency measures, and discuss specific Swiss requirements. The evaluation of the EU stress test for the NPP Fessenheim covers the issues earthquake, flooding, spent fuel element pool, electricity supply, cooling water supply and identification of further safety relevant deficiencies.

  12. Analysis of the EU stress test results for the NPP Fessenheim and Beznau. Pt. 1. Fessenheim; Analyse der Ergebnisse des EU-Stresstest der Kernkraftwerke Fessenheim und Beznau. T. 1. Fessenheim

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pistner, Christoph; Kueppers, Christian; Kurth, Stephan; Mohr, Simone [Oeko-Institut e.V. - Institut fuer Angewandte Oekologie, Darmstadt (Germany); Brettner, Mathias [Physikerbuero Bremen (Germany)

    2012-10-11

    As a consequence of the reactor accidents in Fukushima Daiichi the safety status of nuclear power plants was performed by national and international surveillance processes. In Germany the safety status of the NPP was testes by the reactor safety commission, an expert commission of Baden-Wuerttemberg, an expert commission of Bavaria and the EU stress test. The evaluation criteria based on national and international surveillance processes were focused on earthquakes, flooding and postulated failures of the electricity supply - station blackout and long-lasting failure of the emergency power supply. In Germany extended requirements included the electricity supply and the emergency cooling water supply. The authors identify essential safety relevant systems in the NPP Fessenheim. The evaluation of the EU stress test for the NPP Fessenheim covers the issues earthquake, flooding, spent fuel element pool, electricity supply, cooling water supply and identification of further safety relevant deficiencies.

  13. Use of an ultrafiltration system in the Gundremmingen nuclear power plant for the treatment of nuclear process water; Einsatz einer Ultrafiltration im Kernkraftwerk Gundremmingen zur Aufbereitung von nuklearen Prozesswaessern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krumpholz, Udo [Kernkraftwerk Gundremmingen GmbH, Gundremmingen (Germany). Teilbereich Ueberwachung - Chemie/Entsorgung; George, Carsten [Kernkraftwerk Gundremmingen GmbH, Gundremmingen (Germany). Teilbereich Technik - Maschinentechnik; Berger, Joerg [Gruenbeck Wasseraufbereitung GmbH, Hoechstaedt a.d. Donau (Germany). Energiezentralen

    2014-07-01

    Over the years, membrane filtration systems have successfully been used in conventional water treatment systems. The use of an ultrafiltration system has proven effective in the treatment of particle contaminated process water. In 2012 an ultrafiltration system was designed, installed and commissioned for the treatment of particle contaminated backwash and transport water from the condensate polishing system in the Gundremmingen nuclear power plant, units B and C. Performance data surpass the client's requirements with respect to permeate quality, flow-rate and backwash behaviour. The technology applied has proven well. (orig.)

  14. Project 'WINDBANK mittleres Aaretal' - Analysis, Diagnosis and Forecast of Wind Fields around the Nuclear Power Plant Goesgen; Projekt 'WINDBANK mittleres Aaretal' - Analyse, Diagnose und Prognose der Windverhaeltnisse um das Kernkraftwerk Goesgen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graber, W.K.; Tinguely, M

    2002-07-01

    An emergency decision support system for accidental releases of radioactivity into the atmosphere providing regional wind field information is presented. This system is based on intensive meteorological field campaigns each lasting 3-4 months in the regions around the Swiss nuclear power plants. The wind data from temporary and permanent stations are analysed to evaluate the typical wind field patterns occurring in these regions. A cluster analysis for these data-sets lead to 12 different wind field classes with a high separation quality. In the present report, it is demonstrated that an on-line acquisition of meteorological data from existing permanent stations is enough to diagnose the recent wind field class in a region with a radius of 25 km around the nuclear power station of Goesgen with a probability of 95% to hit the correct class. Furthermore, a method is presented to use a high resolution weather prediction model to forecast the future wind field classes. An average probability of 76% to hit the correct class for a forecast time of 24 hours is evaluated. Finally, a method for parameterization of turbulence providing input for dispersion models from standard meteorological online data is presented. (author)

  15. How does react power price on a possible lifetime extension for power plants? Nuclear power, power prices and power market models; Wie reagiert der Strompreis auf eine moegliche Verlaengerung der Laufzeiten fuer Kernkraftwerke? Kernkraft, Strompreis und Strommarktmodelle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nestle, Uwe [Buendnis 90/Die Gruenen, Berlin (Germany). Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Energie

    2010-08-23

    Extending the life of the nuclear power plants currently operated in Germany is being discussed in the light of a more likely change in government for a Christian Democrat/Liberal coalition. The reason cited most frequently is the impossibility to meet the objectives of climate protection without raising further the price of electricity if the life of nuclear power plants cannot be extended. The question to be looked into is that of the legal pre-requisites to be established in Germany in order for the existing nuclear power plants to be operated for longer periods of time. So in this contribution some discussion is done wether a possible lifetime extension of nuclear power plants will react on power prices.(GL)

  16. Reserves for nuclear power plant decommissioning and radwaste disposal in Germany. An analysis and evaluation from the angle of energy policy. Energiewirtschaftliche Bewertung der Rueckstellungen fuer die Entsorgung der deutschen Kernkraftwerke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buerger, V. (comp.)

    1998-01-01

    The study, which is the first of its kind in Germany, presents a comprehensive survey of total reserves set up by the German nuclear industry for liabilities and costs for nuclear power plant decommissioning and resulting radwaste disposal, which is a legal and foreseeable responsibility but uncertain in amount. The study looks into the various ways the earmarked money was invested and analyses the funds with respect to their efficiency and reliability to provide financial security for the given tasks and purpose. The question put in this context is: Are the reserves set up so far in line with official cost estimates, i.e. will they cover estimated costs, or do they even exceed the estimated amounts The conclusions drawn and explained in this document are: The reserves for nuclear decommissioning have been used by the nuclear power plant operators and electricity companies as a significant capital source. Some of the capital accrued is being increasingly used at present to cover expenses arising for restructuring of business and diversification into new business segments of interest in the open national and European electricity markets. Companies such as RWE, Preussen Elektra, and Bayernwerk, which until deregulation of the energy sector were just power supply companies, have been transformed into conglomerate companies and international players in the markets, like RWE Holding, VEBA, and VIAG. It can be safely assumed that the companies would not have been able to reach the important positions they currently hold in the German economy without tapping the reserves for nuclear decommissioning. (orig./CB) 27 refs.

  17. Transfer of financial obligations for the disposal of nuclear waste and decommissioning of German NPP's. Legal aspects of a trust model; Sicherstellung der finanziellen Entsorgungsvorsorge fuer die Stilllegungs- und Rueckbaukosten der deutschen Kernkraftwerke. Rechtliche Randbedingungen eines Stiftungsmodells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schewe, Markus; Wiesendahl, Stefan [Kuemmerlein Rechtsanwaelte und Notare, Essen (Germany)

    2015-04-15

    The nuclear power plant operators have to bear the costs associated with the closure and the decommissioning of the German nuclear power plants as well as the costs for the disposal of nuclear waste. For that purpose, the operators have to build up sufficient reserves for the decommissioning phase. These reserves at the end of 2013 amounted to approximately 36 billion Euro. Changing this system is discussed very so often. Last in May 2014, a public debate started dealing with the so called trust model (''Stiftungsmodell''). The press published deliberations of several operators to transfer their entire nuclear business to the Federal Republic of Germany. Under this deliberation the current nuclear power plant operations, as well as closure obligations would be contributed to trust. Further, also the reserves should be ''transferred'' to the trust. RAG-Foundation (RAG-Stiftung) - which will assume the financial obligations in connection with Germany's closure of underground coal mining activities - sometimes is cited as a role model. The article covers elements of German trust law and atomic energy law regarding such deliberations. In trust law e.g. it can be debated whether the trust should be established under public or - as in the case of RAG-Foundation - under private law. In this context we will set out the major differences between those two options. In the public law part we will notably address issues arising from individual licensing requirements for nuclear power plants and focus on questions concerning reliability, requisite qualification and organizational structures.

  18. Flaws in NPP Unterweser steam generators' feedwater nozzles - Detection, root causes, restoration and preventive measures; Befunde an den Speisewasserstutzen von Dampferzeugern des Kernkraftwerkes Unterweser - Detektierung, Ursachenklaerung, Sanierung, Abhilfemassnahmen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohlpaintner, W.; Nowak, E.; Schmidbauer, J.; Wachter, O. [E.ON Kernkraft, Hannover (Germany); Neumann, J.; Voskamp, R. [E.ON Kernkraftwerk Unterweser, Stadland (Germany); Wesseling, U. [Framatome ANP GmbH, Erlangen (Germany)

    2003-07-01

    During recurrent inspections, damage was found in the feedwater nozzle of the KKU DE10 steam generator. The other three steam generators were tested as well, with damage found in two further nozzles (DE 20/40). No damage was found in DE30. The findings were validated by further nondestructive tests. Standstill corrosion in the past was identified as the cause of damage. The damaged nozzles were exchanged, and the KKU is back in operation. As a preventive measure for the future, optimisations in the mode of operation were made as well (reduced temperature loads, wet conservation). (orig.) [German] Im Rahmen wiederkehrender zerstoerungsfreier Pruefungen (Ultraschall(US)-Standardpruefung) wurde am Speisewasserstutzen des KKU-Dampferzeugers DE10 ein Befund an der Innenoberflaeche des Stutzenrohres an der 6 -Position im Uebergangsradius Stutzenrohr/Thermosleeve festgestellt. Eine vorsorgliche Ueberpruefung der Speisewasserstutzen an den uebrigen drei DE ergab Anzeigen an zwei weiteren Stutzen (DE 20/40). In dem Speisewasserstutzen des Dampferzeugers DE30 wurden keine Anzeigen festgestellt. Weitere, zur Absicherung durchgefuehrte zerstoerungsfreie Pruefungen (US-Analysetechnik / Durchstrahlungspruefung) bestaetigten die mit der US-Standardpruefung aufgefundenen Anzeigen. Die US-Analysetechnik ergab im Vergleich zur US-Standardprueftechnik jedoch groessere Anzeigentiefen, so dass zur Ursachenklaerung weitergehende Schadensuntersuchungen durchgefuehrt wurden. Hierzu wurde der befundbehaftete Bereich eines DE-Stutzens herausgetrennt und werkstofftechnischen Untersuchungen unterzogen. Die Ergebnisse der durchgefuehrten Untersuchungen zeigen, dass der festgestellte Befund auf in der Vergangenheit aufgetretene Phaenomene der Stillstandskorrosion in Verbindung mit lokalen Spannungserhoehungen zurueckzufuehren ist. Es wurde entschieden, den befundfreien Zustand bei den betroffenen drei DE-Speisewasserstutzen wiederherzustellen. Hierzu wurden die Stutzenbereiche mit Schaedigung durch geschmiedete Ringe gleichen Werkstoffes ausgetauscht. Die Reparaturmassnahmen sind zwischenzeitlich abgeschlossen. Die Anlage KKU ist wieder in Betrieb. Zur Minimierung der Stutzenbelastungen im weiteren Anlagenbetrieb wurden vorsorglich noch Optimierungen an der Betriebsweise (Verringerung Temperaturbelastung, Nasskonservierung) vorgenommen. (orig.)

  19. Occupational safety in the nuclear power plant. The contribution of sociology to the development of a communication tool for the elimination of hazardous situations; Arbeitssicherheit im Kernkraftwerk. Der Beitrag der Sozialpsychologie zur Entwicklung eines Kommunikationsinstrumentes fuer die Behebung von Gefaehrdungssituationen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zedler, Christien [IAOP - Institut fuer Arbeitspsychologie, Organisation und Prozessgestaltung, Berlin (Germany); Huber, Veit [E.ON Kernkraft GmbH (Germany)

    2012-11-01

    Nuclear power plant companies make efforts to enhance the operational safety in the plant. Despite a variety of measures the number of accidents at work is still too high, esp. for external personnel. Social psychological considerations were used to develop communication tools for the elimination of hazardous situations, for instance by safety dialogues between employees. The observation of hazardous situations should trigger communication and discussion on the risk of the specific situation. In the contribution practical experiences and recommendations for the realization of a safety dialogue culture in the NPP Grafenrheinfeld are summarized and illustrated by examples.

  20. ENSI's view on technical safety for the long term operation of reactors 1 and 2 in the Beznau nuclear power plant; Sicherheitstechnische Stellungnahme zum Langzeitbetrieb des Kernkraftwerks Beznau Block 1 und Block 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-11-15

    The reactors 1 and 2 of the Beznau nuclear power plant (KKB) are operated since about 40 years. For an operation beyond the design period of 40 years the Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) demands the evidence to be brought that the design limits of the safety relevant components will not be reached during the extended operation period. In 2008 the license holder of KKB delivered the requested documentation on material ageing on the basis of deterministic as well as probabilistic safety analyses and concluded that both reactors can be safely operated beyond 40 years. Thanks to continuous additional outfits, both reactors are in good condition from the point of view of technical safety. With a view to the extension of operation beyond 40 years, KKB already applied the necessary measures regarding technics, finances and personnel in order to keep the present technical level. Since 1991 KKB has analysed and checked components that are difficult to replace. From the evidence presented, ENSI concluded that both reactors are able to be operated up to 60 years long, however with two restrictions for reactor 1 because there the material used for the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) suffered more neutron brittleness than in reactor 2. In addition, reactor 1 is much more affected by ageing phenomena than reactor 2, but, according to neutron fluence calculations, the limiting criteria will not be reached even after 60 years of operation. Some corrosion damages were noted at the lower part of the RPV due to water containing boron acid; they are more pronounced in reactor 1 than in reactor 2. Even though the calculations done by KKB are very conservative, they show that also in the long term the operation limiting criteria about the mechanical resistance of the RPV are never reached. ENSI concludes that the safety design of both KKB reactors ensures safe control of the design basis accidents. Both reactors were continuously fitted with new equipment. With the planed replacement of current emergency electric supply equipment by Diesel engines for both reactors the safety of the plant will still be increased. However, it seems that the earthquake risk in Switzerland was underestimated in the past; it must be proven that the dose limits can also be respected under consideration of the new assumptions on earthquake risk.

  1. Nuclear power plants of the 4th generation: American Initiative in the context of an international policy. No frontiers for progress; Kernkraftwerke der vierten Generation: Amerikanische Initiative im Kontext internationaler Politik. Fortschritt ist laenderuebergreifend gepraegt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Botzian, R. [Forschungsinstitut fuer internationale Politik und Sicherheit der Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Ebenhausen (Isar) (Germany)

    2003-05-17

    This article tries to give an overview on more or less political questions of nuclear power generation in the context of technological developments over the years: chronology of the different generations of nuclear technological developments: ways to a higher safety; treatment of spent fuels; overview on the roadmap of the Generation IV International Forum - Nuclear Energy Systems; who defines the international agenda for nuclear energy?; the German position in the international environment. [German] In der aktuellen Konstellation steht einerseits eine global durchschlagende Reduktion der CO{sub 2}-Emissionen in den Sternen, andererseits wurde der Atomausstieg mit der Begruendung inakzeptabler Strahlungsrisiken zu einem weitverbreiteten gesellschaftspolitischen Credo [5]. In dieser Schwebelage haben die Amerikaner erneut die Initiative ergriffen und eine multilaterale wissenschaftlichtechnische Plattform fuer einen ausgedehnten und weltweiten Einsatz von Kernkraftwerken eingerichtet, und zwar mit einem Zeithorizont von drei Dekaden. Hierbei geht es weniger um voellig Neues als vielmehr um eine modifizierte Definition amerikanischer Interessen im Kontext der internationalen Nuklearpolitik. Dazu zaehlen vor allem Wirtschaftlichkeit sowie maximale Sicherheit vor schweren Unfaellen und vor unerlaubter Kernwaffenproduktion. (orig.)

  2. Dictionary for veterinary science and biosciences. German-English/English-German. With trilingual appendix: Latin terms. Woerterbuch fuer Veterinaermedizin und Biowissenschaften. Deutsch-Englisch/Englisch-Deutsch. Mit einem dreisprachigen Anhang: Lateinische Begriffe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mack, R.

    1988-01-01

    This dictionary has been compiled as a result of many years of experience of translating German texts in the biological sciences, particularly veterinary medicine. The author's aim is to supplement the standard German-English general dictionaries with technical terms in the fields of anatomy, microbiology, physiology, parasitology, pathology, pharmacology, toxicology and zootechnique, with special reference to domestic animals and their diseases.

  3. Multilinguale Stotterdiagnostik : Vergleich der diagnostischen Möglichkeiten monolingual deutschsprachiger und bilingual deutsch-türkischsprachiger Diagnostiker

    OpenAIRE

    Zang, Jana

    2012-01-01

    Research in the field of stuttering gives the impression of a correlation between stuttering and bilingualism (Travis, Johnson & Shover, 1937; Stern, 1948). However, the assessment instruments used in recent studies cannot fulfill state of the art criterions. As literature reviews show, there exist no assessment methods for bilingual persons with fluency disorders and only a few studies on this topic have been published (Lattermann, 2010; Bloodstein, 2008; Brundage, Bothe, Lengling & Evans, 2...

  4. Pop nädal : Popuudised. Uus plaat. Deutsche Alternative Charts albumid Top 10. A-Ha video / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    Kurt Cobaini raamatust"Kurt Cobain: The Journals". 2. juulil müügile tulevast ansambli The White Stripes' albumist "Dead Leaves and the Dirty Ground". Ansambli R.E.M. uuest albumist. Ansambli ZLO plaadist "Machopask". Ansambli A-Ha videost, mis põhineb 1991. a. vändatud lühifilmil "A Year along the Abonded Road"

  5. Europeanization of the Hospital Markets - Opportunities and Risks for German Hospitals (Europaeisierung des Krankenhausmarkets - Chancen und Risiken fuer deutsche Krankenhaeuser)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-07-06

    Software ist ein Casemix Werkzeug zur Bildung managernentfifflgen, medizinisch homogenen Patientenklassen, die den krankenhaus- Patientenschweregrad in...im verelinten Europa Politische Rahmenbedingungen$ seit 50 Jahren unver&ndert... sana8 " Menge der Finanzmitteln, die dern Gesundheitswesen zur

  6. DIE KONTRASTIVE TEXTSORTENANALYSE ALS VORSTUFE ZUR ÜBERSETZUNG VON RECHTSTEXTEN: DEUTSCHE UND SPANISCHE SCHEIDUNGSURTEILE IM VERGLEICH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iris Holl

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Beim interlingualen und interkulturellen Vergleich juristischer Textsorten zeigen sich zum einen die unterschiedlichen Vertextungskonventionen, welche die jeweilige Rechtssprache prägen, und zum anderen die rechtskulturellen Besonderheiten, die auf die verschiedenen Rechtsordnungen, in denen die Texte verwurzelt sind, hinweisen. Aus diesem Grund kann die kontrastive Textsortenanalyse wertvolle Ergebnisse für die Übersetzung von Rechtstexten liefern. Dies soll in vorliegendem Beitrag exemplarisch anhand des Vergleichs deutscher und spanischer Scheidungsurteile gezeigt werden. Dabei erfolgt die Textanalyse anhand eines Mehrebenenmodells, das gleichzeitig die verschiedenen Dimensionen des Textes (funktional-pragmatische, semantische und grammatische Dimension sowie die Wechselwirkungen zwischen diesen erfasst. Beim Textvergleich funktionieren die einzelnen Ebenen des Modells außerdem als tertium comparationis.

  7. Komparative Analysen und Überlegungen zum Übersetzen in die germanischen Sprachen Deutsch, Englisch und Dänisch

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Gyde

    2014-01-01

    Based on empirical studies of texts, the three Germanic languages German, English and Danish are compared regarding similarities and differences. The analysis focuses on special aspects depending on how meaning is structured in the three languages. Some typical difficulties and pitfalls human tra...... translators experience are described. In the last part of the article, errors of machine translations are shown. Interestingly also many of the problems of machine translation systems are caused by linguistic differences and interferences.......Based on empirical studies of texts, the three Germanic languages German, English and Danish are compared regarding similarities and differences. The analysis focuses on special aspects depending on how meaning is structured in the three languages. Some typical difficulties and pitfalls human...

  8. 41. annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Nuklearmedizin. Abstracts; 41. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Nuklearmedizin. Kurzfassungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2003-03-01

    Abstracts of all papers and posters presented during the meeting. Headings: Endocrinology (emphasis on thyroid carcinomas, thyroid, parathyroid glands), cardiology (myocardium and blood vessels, monitoring of therapeutic efficiency), medical physics (techniques, data processing and models), neurology (dementia, stimulation, malignomas, receptors and diagnostic use), oncology (lymphomas, lungs, prostate, monitoring of therapeutic efficiency, image fusion, PET, CT, sentinel lymph node, receptors, solid tumors), radiopharmaceuticals, therapy (receptor specific therapy, radioimmunotherapy), and varia.00.

  9. Personality correlates of reporting Chinese words from the Deutsch “high-low” word illusion by Chinese-speaking people

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    You Xu; Junpeng Zhu; Wanzhen Chen; Hao Chai; Wei He; Wei Wang

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] When English-speaking people listen to the Deutseh “high-low” word illusion,they report hearing English words.Whether Chinese-speaking people report Chinese words when listening to the illusion,or whether any reported words might be correlated with personality traits as previous investigations have demonstrated for listening to music in other cultures,is open to question.The present study aimed to address this.[Methods] A total of 308 right-handed,healthy volunteers (177 women and 131 men) were given the illusion test and asked to answer the Zuckerman-Kuhlman personality questionnaire (ZKPQ).Their depressive tendency was measured by the Plutchik-van Praag depression inventory (PVP).[Results] There was no gender effect regarding either the PVP score or the number of reported Chinese words from the illusion.Women scored higher on ZKPQ neuroticism-anxiety than men.The number of meaningful Chinese words reported was correlated with the ZKPQ impulsive sensation-seeking,aggression-hostility,and activity scores.Some words reported by participants who scored higher on these three traits were related in meaning to those scales.[[Conclusion

  10. DEWEK '98: 4. German wind power conference; DEWEK '98: 4. Deutsche Windenergie-Konferenz. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerdes, B. [ed.

    1999-07-01

    The conference report comprises 90 papers and posters on the following subjects: 1. Technological developments (e.g. use of adaptive structures systems, active stalle wind power systems, systems for early detection of errors); 2. Design and optimisation; 3. Wind forecasts; 4. Operation analyses (e.g. active and passive stall, collective loads, wind power systems in cold climates); 5. Wind power systems and the environment; 6. Offshore wind power generation; 7. Electric characteristics (e.g. modelling of flicker, energy conditioning in distribution systems with a high wind power share); 8. Economic efficiency (e.g. economic efficiency of offshore wind parks on the North Sea coast); 9. Network quality; 10. Rotor development (e.g. noise reduction); 11. Certification and methods of measurement. [German] Der Tagungsband enhaelt 90 Fach- und Posterbeitraege, die sich mit den folgenden Schwerpunkten befassen: 1. Technologische Entwicklungen (z.B. Einsatz von adaptiven Struktursystemen; Active-Stall-WKA; Fehlerfrueherkennungssystemen). 2. Auslegung und Optimierung. 3. Windprognosen. 4. Betriebsanalysen (z.B. Aktive Stall/Passive Stall im Vergleich; Lastkollektive von WKA; WKA in kaltem Klima). 5. Windenergieanlagen und Umwelt. 6. Offshore-Windenergienutzung. 7. Elektrische Eigenschaften (z.B. Modellierung des 'Flickerverhaltens' von WKA; Energiekonditionierung in Verteilnetzen mit hohem Windenergieanteil). 8. Wirtschaftlichkeit (z.B. Wirtschaftlichkeit von Offshore-Windparks der Norddeutschen Kuestenlinie). 9. Netzqualitaet. 10. Rotorentwicklung (z.B. Reduzierung der Schallabstrahlung von WKAs). 11. Zertifizierung von Messmethoden. (AKF)

  11. Deutsch, Doyc or Doitsch? Chatters as Languagers--The Case of a German-Turkish Chat Room

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinnenkamp, Volker

    2008-01-01

    The paper looks at the process of online-languaging of adolescents with a migratory and ethnic Turkish background in a diasporic chat room. The multiple resources and voices used are analysed. One particular example is looked at more thoroughly to illustrate the process of languaging and how it is legitimised by the chatters themselves. Finally,…

  12. Transcriptome database derived from the Texas Deutsch outbreak strain population of the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Southern cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, vectors Babesia bovis and B. bigemina, which are the protozoans causing cattle fever, a disease that is responsible for significant production losses to cattle producers in much of Africa, Central and South America, and Australia. We ini...

  13. Sprachbewusstheit und ihr Einsatz von Jugendlichen, die Deutsch als Tertiärsprache in der Slowakei lernen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Juhásová

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Der vorliegende Beitrag erörtert die derzeit in der Fremdsprachenforschung stark betonte Bedeutung von bewusstem Lernen, insbesondere beim Erwerb der zweiten beziehungsweise der weiteren Fremdsprache. Im Zentrum der Aufmerksamkeit steht die Sprachbewusstheit beim Erwerb des Deutschen als Tertiärsprache sowie jene Rolle, die ihrem Einsatz von Schülern der neunten Klasse der neunjährigen Grundschule in der Slowakei zugeschrieben wird. Der empirische Teil thematisiert die aus der Befragung gewonnenen Daten zu lernindividuellen Faktoren beim L3-Lernen, zum Umgang jugendlicher Lernender mit ihrem (fremd-sprachlichen Vorwissen sowie mit ihren sprachlernbezogenen Erfahrungen beim Erwerb des Deutschen als zweiter Fremdsprache und erarbeitet daraus Herausforderungen für die Praxis des DaF-Lernens und -Lehrens. The submitted article deals with the notion of language awareness which is especially accentuated as the means of second language acquisition. Language awareness becomes the centre of attention in terms of mastering German language as the third language and its role on the 9th grade of primary school in Slovakia. Empirical part is based on data obtained by questionnaire method provided by students. Students are explaining their relation towards second language learning as well as their experiences with L3 followed by deductions for further learning and practice of German as a foreign language.

  14. Tagungsbericht: Wie viel Kultur verträgt die Psychologie? "100 Jahre Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie"

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Anlässlich des 44. Kon­gres­ses der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Göttingen traten erstmals vermehrt und sichtbar Kulturpsychologen auf, die über die Thematik des Kulturvergleichs durch die internationalen Vergleichsstudien zu Schulleistungen (TIMS, IGLU, PISA) die Gegenstandsunangemessenheit der variablenorientierten Individualpsychologie sowie deren Methodologien und Methoden thematisierten. Zentrale Themen waren hierbei vor allem, die Äqui­valenzproblematik (tertium comparation...

  15. The German Energy Law after the Energy Law Reform of 2005; Das deutsche Energierecht nach der Energierechtsreform 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buedenbender, U. [Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany). Juristische Fakultaet, Lehrstuhl fuer Buergerlisches Recht, Energiewirtschaftsrecht und Arbeitsrecht

    2005-09-15

    In 2005, the Energy Law was changed fundamentally after having been subject to an extensive reform in 1998. Energy industry belongs to the industries of outstanding economical importance. Industry, small enterprises, agriculture, freelancers, public institutions and private households are energy consumers and thus affected by the new energy law. The following article deals with the guidelines and focuses of the new law.

  16. The Role of Previously Learned Languages in the Thought Processes of Multilingual Writers at the Deutsche Schule Barcelona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tullock, Brandon D.; Fernandez-Villanueva, Marta

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, scholars have voiced the need for research which focuses on the ability of multilinguals to write across multiple languages rather than on the limitations that they face when composing in a non-native language. In order to better understand multilingual writers as resourceful and creative problem-solvers, the current study aims to…

  17. The critical speed of the Deutsche Reichsbahn's class-05 steam locomotive; Berechnung der kritischen Geschwindigkeit mittels Simulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eckstein, Johannes [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Technische und Numerische Mechanik; Heer, Andreas [Bosch Engineering GmbH, Abstatt (Germany). Bremsregelsysteme; Meinke, Peter [IAT Ingenieurgesellschaft fuer Angewandte Technologie mbH, Gauting (Germany); Wiese, Christoph [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Leistungselektronik und Elektrische Antriebe, Stuttgart

    2009-07-01

    Modern high-speed trains are equipped with running gear that has been optimised for lateral stability at normal operational speeds and the minimisation of phenomena such as hunting oscillations. What, however, was the situation when the new world railway speed record of 200.4 km/h was established on 11 May 1936 by a steam locomotive, 05 002, hauling a rake of four passenger coaches? In those days, nobody was in a position to calculate critical speeds. It has only been since we have had access to computers that it has been possible to establish critical speeds mathematically by running simulations (using programs like SIMPACK). The simulation's output has shown that, provided the tender was rigidly coupled to the locomotive, these two vehicles together would have had stable running properties up to approximately 245 km/h. Evidence has at last been produced to show that the record-breaking run of 200.5 km/h was not in any danger on account of excessive instability due to hunting oscillations. (orig.)

  18. Kulturspezifische Ausprägung kulturübergreifender Texthandlungsmuster - deutsche und dänische Landgerichtsurteile im Vergleich

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, Jan

    2001-01-01

    The article shows a methodology for describing culturally different realisations of interculturally similar domain specific acts......The article shows a methodology for describing culturally different realisations of interculturally similar domain specific acts...

  19. WIE PREISSENSIBEL REAGIEREN DEUTSCHE VERBRAUCHER? AKTUELLE SCHÄTZUNGEN VON PREIS- UND AUSGABENELASTIZITÄTEN AUF DER BASIS VON HAUSHALTSPANELDATEN

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Der Beitrag untersucht das Nachfrageverhalten der deutschen Privathaushalte anhand von Daten zweier Haushaltspanels der Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung. Es wird ein Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) mit 13 Lebensmittelgruppen für den Zeitraum von 2004 bis 2008 geschätzt. Der Fokus der Analyse liegt auf den geschätzten Eigenpreis- und Ausga-benelastizitäten und deren Einordnung in die Literatur. Mit Ausnahme von Kaffee und Eiern zeigt sich die Nachfrage in allen Lebensmittelgruppen, darunter ...

  20. Rezension von: Frauke Mahrt-Thomsen: Bona Peiser. Die erste deutsche Bibliothekarin. Berlin: Verlag BibSpider 2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrike Koch

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Bona Peiser (1864–1929, die erste Bibliothekarin Deutschlands, hat nicht nur ein neues Ausleihsystem für Bibliotheken entwickelt, sie hat sich auch intensiv mit Fragen zur Ausbildung von Bibliothekarinnen und allgemeiner mit Frauen im Beruf beschäftigt. Welche große Rolle ihr dabei bei der Entstehung der Lesehallen in Deutschland zuzuschreiben ist, dem geht Frauke Mahrt-Thomsen in der vorliegenden Biographie nach und liefert damit, neben einem Einblick in Bona Peisers Arbeiten und Wirken, eine fundierte Übersicht in die Entstehung des Bibliothekswesen in Deutschland.

  1. Changing Business Models and Employee Representation in the Airline Industry: A Comparison of British Airways and Deutsche Lufthansa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lange, K.; Geppert, M.; Saka-Helmhout, A.U.; Becker-Ritterspach, F.

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, the notion of business models has gained momentum in management research. Scholars have discussed several barriers to changing business models in established firms. However, the national institutions of market economies have not yet been discussed as barriers, even though they can c

  2. Significance of international hydropower storages for the German energy turnaround; Bedeutung der internationalen Wasserkraftspeicherung fuer die deutsche Energiewende

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hobohm, Jens; Ess, Florian [Prognos AG, Berlin (Germany)

    2013-01-15

    Prediction is very difficult, especially if it's about the future. This witticism, which has been alternatively ascribed to Mark Twain, Karl Valentin, Niels Bohr and Winston Churchill, could hardly be truer than when applied to the wind and sun, especially in the case of long-term forecasts. Wind power and photovoltaic plant capacities are what needs to grow most if renewable energies really are to cover 80% of Germany's energy supply by the year 2050. Other renewable energy resources do not have the potential to contribute substantially to achieving the goals proclaimed by the German federal government. Some 64% of electricity production and 70% of installed power capacity will be coming from the wind and sun in the year 2050, according to recent calculations. A study prepared by Prognos AG on behalf of the German National Committee of the World Energy Council has investigated the question as to what extent international hydropower storages are capable of taking up surplus electricity and holding it available as a power reserve.

  3. Deutsch, Doyc or Doitsch? Chatters as Languagers--The Case of a German-Turkish Chat Room

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinnenkamp, Volker

    2008-01-01

    The paper looks at the process of online-languaging of adolescents with a migratory and ethnic Turkish background in a diasporic chat room. The multiple resources and voices used are analysed. One particular example is looked at more thoroughly to illustrate the process of languaging and how it is legitimised by the chatters themselves. Finally,…

  4. [From the national competence network for viral hepatitis (HepNet) emerged the German Liver Foundation (Deutsche Leberstiftung)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardtke, S; Wiebner, B; Manns, M P

    2016-04-01

    The competence network for viral hepatitis (HepNet) was founded in 2002 with funding from the German government and has influenced the research on viral hepatitis in Germany. HepNet collaborator sites have been involved in numerous national and international investigator-initiated, as well as industry-sponsored, phase 1-3 studies. Within the HepNet Study-House, many groundbreaking investor-initiated trials have been completed and are still ongoing. For example, the acute hepatitis C trials and trials on chronic hepatitis D (delta), which led to therapy optimization. Continuation of the competence network on viral hepatitis has been achieved by the foundation of the German Liver Foundation, which has been an external cooperation partner of the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) for two years. The well-established HepNet Study-House acts here as the clinical trial platform for all DZIF hepatitis trials.

  5. RAINER WOHLFEIL/HANS DOLLINGER: Die deutsche Reichswehr, Bilder, Dokumente, Texte Zur Geschichte des Hunderttausend -Mannl Heeres 1919-1933.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Ploeger

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This authoritative, conveniently arranged and particularly detailed military historical publication, stems in the first place from the question which continues to attract the attention of German historians, namely how it could possibly happen that during the period of the Weimar Republic, the democratic parliamentary system could evolve into that of an absolute dictatorship under Adolf Hitler.

  6. Wie sensibel reagieren deutsche Verbraucher auf Preisänderungen bei Bio-Eiern? Eine Nachfrageanalyse mit Haushaltspanel-Daten

    OpenAIRE

    Schroeck, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    Die Studie analysiert die Nachfrage nach Eiern aus konventioneller und ökologischer Erzeugung in Deutschland auf der Basis von Daten des Haushaltspanels der Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung (GfK) für frische Lebensmittel. Die Datengrundlage ist in ihrer Größe und ihrem Informationsgehalt einzigartig, da sie Einkäufe von mehr als 13.000 Haushalten über einen Fünfjahreszeitraum abbildet. Es wird eine zweistufiges Schätzverfahren angewandt. Im ersten Schritt wird mit einer Probit- Analyse unters...

  7. Ein Sturm im Wasserglas? : deutsche Außenpolitik im Zeichen transatlantischer und europäischer Verwerfungen

    OpenAIRE

    Dembinski, Matthias

    2003-01-01

    Der vorliegende Report entwickelt Empfehlungen zur deutschen Außenpolitik nach dem Irakkrieg. Der Autor wirft dabei aus vier theoretischen Perspektiven Schlaglichter auf das transatlantische und europäische Verhältnis. Theorien hegemonialer Stabilität, Theorien (demokratischer) Sicherheitsgemeinschaften, Interdependenztheorien und liberalinstitutionalistische Kooperationstheorien werden daraufhin befragt, wie sich a) die langjährigen Kooperationsstrukturen sowohl innerhalb Europas als auch in...

  8. ‚Gedenke, dass Du eine deutsche Frau bist‘ ‘Remember, You are a German Woman’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Müller

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Christiane Streubel untersucht den Einfluss radikaler Nationalistinnen in der Weimarer Republik. Feminismus und Nationalismus, weithin als unvereinbar verstanden, wird bei den völkisch-antisemitischen Agitatorinnen in der Idee der Volksgemeinschaft zusammengedacht. Im Mittelpunkt der Untersuchung steht insbesondere das eigenständige Engagement dieser Frauenbewegung, die Streubel als völkisch-nationalen Feminismus (vgl. S. 402 bezeichnet.Christiane Streubel studies the influence of radical female nationalists of the Weimar Republic. Feminism and nationalism, for the most part understood as concepts that cannot be unified, are joined together in the conception of an ethnic community perpetuated by these ethnocentric and anti-Semitic female agitators. Particularly central to the study is the independently driven commitment of this women’s movement, which Streubel terms ethnocentric-national feminism (see 402.

  9. Pop nädal : Popuudised. Uus plaat. Deutsche Alternative Charts albumid Top 10. A-Ha video / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    Kurt Cobaini raamatust"Kurt Cobain: The Journals". 2. juulil müügile tulevast ansambli The White Stripes' albumist "Dead Leaves and the Dirty Ground". Ansambli R.E.M. uuest albumist. Ansambli ZLO plaadist "Machopask". Ansambli A-Ha videost, mis põhineb 1991. a. vändatud lühifilmil "A Year along the Abonded Road"

  10. Rainer Maria Rilke und Vilhelm Hammershøi im Kontext deutsch-dänischer Wechselbeziehungen um 1900

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndal, Steffen

    2014-01-01

    Rilkes interesse for Hammershøi skydes formodentlig dennes fremstiiling i portrætter og interiører af den binokulære rumpersception, hvis teori i anden halvdel af det 19. årh. udvikledes af Peter Ludwig Panum o.a.......Rilkes interesse for Hammershøi skydes formodentlig dennes fremstiiling i portrætter og interiører af den binokulære rumpersception, hvis teori i anden halvdel af det 19. årh. udvikledes af Peter Ludwig Panum o.a....

  11. ENET News July 2003 - Information on energy research - German issue; ENET News, Juli 2003, Nr. 55 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2003-07-01

    The July 2003 issue of ENET News, a magazine on energy research in Switzerland published three times a year, presents several articles on and around the topic of geothermal energy. Further articles cover the topics of decentralised power supply, environment-friendly small hydropower, adsorption refrigeration for African clinics, optimisation of wood-fired boilers, biofuels and noise abatement issues concerning heat pump applications. Also, a fuel-cell based mobile power pack and an electric scooter are described. Further articles take a look at nuclear fusion and the development of a gas-motor based combined heat and power system.

  12. IFRS for SMEs: eine interessante Option für deutsche KMUs auf dem Gebiet der Konzernrechnungslegung?

    OpenAIRE

    Henselmann, Klaus; Roos, Benjamin

    2009-01-01

    The paper analyzes whether the International Financial Reporting Standard for Small and Medium-sized Entities (IFRS for SMEs), published July 9, 2009, could be an interesting option for the consolidated financial statements of small and medium-sized entities (SMEs) in Germany. Background is the intention of the IASB to give SMEs an attractive alternative in accounting according to international standards. For this reason the analysis includes a comparison of the sections of the IFRS for SMEs ...

  13. German power market in Europe. Between competition and climate protection; Der deutsche Strommarkt in Europa. Zwischen Wettbewerb und Klimaschutz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krisp, A.

    2007-07-01

    In order to attain the targets of climatic protection and in order to guarantee a safe supply of energy, a committed climatic program and energy program have to be submitted. The Federal Republic of Germany can attain this without rehabilitating the atomic energy. In addition, the development of the technologies has to be supported for the promotion of renewable energies. The national policy must strengthen their commitment and start initiatives for energy conservation. For this, the following aspects are suggested: (a) Enhancement of the energy standards of electrical appliances; (b) Minimization of the losses of energy due to the ''Stand By '' function of electrical appliances; (c) Promotion of investments in clean coal technologies and in technologies of combined heat and power generation; (d) Further avoidance of losses with the use of fossil sources of energy; (e) Auction of the free of charge certificates; (f) reduction the network charges; (g) coordinated energy policy on European level.

  14. 76 FR 81968 - United States v. Deutsche Börse AG and NYSE Euronext; Proposed Final Judgment and Competitive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... board of managers and one member to each of the corporate boards of EDGA Exchange, Inc. and EDGX... their current corporate holdings. NewCo will be a Dutch holding company, with dual headquarters in New... brands in finance. Its post- merger leadership will be split between former executives from both NYSE and...

  15. Zum Problem der Fehlergraduierung in deutsch-franzoesischen Uebersetzungen (On the Problem of Grading Errors in German-French Translations)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kielhoefer, Bernd

    1975-01-01

    Discusses the correction system for German-French translations used in German universities. The following are proposed: (1) Differentiation of, and a grading scale for, errors; (2) Distinguishing interstructural vs. intrastructural errors, (with suggestion for grading); (3) Localizing errors in grammar or vocabulary, with consequences for grading.…

  16. Zur Funktion der Übersetzung in der Lehrerausbildung für Deutsch in der Türkei

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The Function of Translation in Foreign Language Teaching It has been observed from the intense discussions that the function and importance of translation in foreign language teaching have been going on since the second half of the last century. On the basis of these discussions, it has been understood, from numerous studies carried out about the subject that translation is used as a methodological means of developing language skills in foreign language teaching. Nevertheless, “Common Europea...

  17. Does electricity from nuclear power stand a chance in competition?; Hat Kernenergie-Strom eine Chance im Wettbewerb?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hohlefelder, W. [PreussenElektra AG, Hannover (Germany); PreussenElektra Netz GmbH und Co. KG, Hannover (Germany)

    2000-03-01

    , ausstiegsorientierten Vollzug oder durch kuenstliche wirtschaftliche Zusatzbelastungen. 3. Der Kostenvorsprung zu anderen Erzeugungstechniken verringert sich. Deshalb ist ein konsequentes Kostenmanagement unerlaesslich, aber nur soweit die Sicherheit der Anlage unangetastet bleibt. 4. Bei einem Ausstieg wuerde die 'deutsche' Kernenergie jedenfalls zum grossen Teil durch auslaendische ersetzt. Dies erhoeht den Anreiz, jene so lange wie moeglich zu betreiben. 5. In voellig liberalisierten Maerkten ist es aus wirtschaftlichen Gruenden schwierig, neue Kernkraftwerke zu errichten. Es findet eine einseitige Ausrichtung auf einen, naemlich den kostenguenstigsten und am wenigsten kapitalintensiven Energietraeger statt. Darin liegt ein erhebliches Versorgungsrisiko. Unbeschadet der grundsaetzlichen Entscheidung fuer die Liberalisierung des Strommarktes ist daher eine Korrektur der politisch gesetzten Rahmenbedingungen, um Fehlentwicklungen zu vermeiden, auf mittlere Sicht zu erwarten. (orig.)

  18. Nuclear power plant personnel errors in decision-making as an object of probabilistic risk assessment. Methodological extensions on the basis of a differentiated analysis of safety-relevant goals; Entscheidungsfehler des Betriebspersonals von Kernkraftwerken als Objekt probabilistischer Risikoanalysen; Methodische Erweiterungen auf der Basis einer differenzierten Betrachtungsweise sicherheitsgerichteter Ziele

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reer, B.

    1993-09-01

    Integration of human error (man-machine system analysis (MMSA)) is an essential part of probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). A method is presented for systematic, comprehensive PRA inclusions of decision-based errors due to conflicts or similarities. For error identification procedure, new question techniques are developed. These errors are identified by looking at retroactions caused by subordinate goals as components of overall safety relevant goal. New quantification methods for estimating situation-specific probabilities are developed. The factors conflict and similarity are operationalized in a way that allows their quantification based on informations usually available in PRA. Quantification procedure uses extrapolations and interpolations based on a poor set of data related to decision-based errors. Moreover, for passive errors in decision-making a completely new approach is presented where errors are quantified via a delay initiating the required action rather than via error probabilities. Practicability of this dynamic approach is demonstrated by probabilistic analysis of the actions required during the total loss of feedwater event at the Davis-Besse plant 1985. The extensions of the classical PRA method developed in this work are applied to a MMSA of the decay heat removal (DHR) of the HTR-500. Errors in decision-making - as potential roots of extraneous acts - are taken into account in a comprehensive and systematic manner. Five additional errors are identified. However, the probabilistic quantification results a nonsignificant increase of the DHR failure probability. (orig.) [Deutsch] Einbeziehung von Operateurfehlern (Mensch-Maschine-Systemanalyse (MMSA)) ist Bestandteil einer probabilistischen Risikoanalyse (PRA). Es wird eine Methode vorgestellt, mit der sich Entscheidungsfehler aufgrund der Faktoren Konflikt und Aehnlichkeit systematisch und umfassend in MMSA integrieren lassen. Zur Identifizierung der entsprechenden Situationen im Stoerfallablauf

  19. Simulator training. Requirements and ways to meet them; Die Simulatorschulung. Anforderungen und deren Realisierung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmann, E. [Gesellschaft fuer Simulatorschulung mbH (French Guiana), Essen (Germany) KSG Kraftwerks-Simulator-Gesellschaft mbH, Essen (Germany)

    1997-02-01

    The excellent operating performance of German nuclear power plants year by year attests to the high reliability and safety of these plants. On the one hand, this is due to the mature technical plant concept and, on the other hand, to the safety culture of plant operation, i.e. the qualified and careful work of the plant personnel running and monitoring the plants and keeping them in top condition technically. Special responsibility rests on the shift personnel operating plants around the clock. It is for this reason that operators take very seriously the efforts by these staff members to acquire and preserve a high level of training. Training by simulators, as organized centrally in Essen for twenty-two nuclear generating units in Germany, the Netherlands, and Switzerland, plays a major role in these activities. The special characteristic of simulator training is the combination of two things, namely technology and human behavior. The power plant processes, with all their complexities, must be conveyed to human operators, with all their skills traits and weaknesses, by means of appropriate simulation. The requirements resulting from this need, and the solutions adopted at the Essen Simulator Center, are described in this article. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die deutschen Kernkraftwerke beweisen mit ihren hervorragenden Betriebsergebnissen jedes Jahr erneut ihre hohe Zuverlaessigkeit und Sicherheit. Dies beruht zum einen auf dem technisch ausgereiften Anlagenkonzept und zum anderen auf der Sicherheitskultur des Betriebes, d.h. der qualifizierten und sorgfaeltigen Arbeit des Betriebspersonals, welches das Kraftwerk betreibt, ueberwacht und in technisch einwandfreiem Zustand erhaelt. Eine besondere Verantwortung hat das Personal der Schichten, welche die Anlage rund um die Uhr `fahren`. Enstprechend ernst nehmen deshalb die Betreiber den Erwerb und den dauerhaften Erhalt eines hohen Ausbildungsstandes dieser Mitarbeiter. Die Schulung an Simulatoren - wie sie zentral in Essen

  20. With regard to the significance of nuclear power for the economy and the environment; Zur Bedeutung der Kernenergie fuer die Volkswirtschaft und die Umwelt. Zur Abschaetzung der Kosten eines Ausstiegs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerdey, H.J. [Oldenburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre (VWL); Pfaffenberger, W. [Oldenburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre (VWL)]|[Bremer Energie-Institut, Bremen (Germany)

    1999-03-01

    The authors present an interesting comparative calculation: What (investment) costs, prices, emissions and employment figures are to be expected on the energy sector if the permission to operate nuclear power stations is sustained without time limit (scenario 1), or if all remaining nuclear power stations are shut-down by the year 2004 (scenario 2). These business economists come to the conclusion that in the case of shut-down of operation of nuclear power stations, the price for electric energy will increase on a short-term basis and the investment costs will initially rise significantly, but as from the year 2024 these relationships will reverse - the golden end of the early investments will then pay off. However, the authors estimate that the nominal additional costs for quick shut-down of nuclear power stations will amount to 87.6 billion DM. They estimate a loss of only 23 000 jobs. A problematic aspect of quick shutdown in above all the dramatically greater emission of CO{sub 2}; it will increase by 1850 million tons. According to the opinion of the authors, this figure is unavoidable - without corresponding technical innovation - and also not acceptable within the limits of responsibility. The prognosis is reserved with regard to technical innovation on the sector of fossil fuel power stations, because if nuclear power stations are shut-down quickly there will hardly be enough time for new technical developments. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Autoren legen eine interessante Vergleichsrechnung vor: Welche (Investitions-)kosten, Preise, Emissionen, und Beschaeftigungszahlen sind im Energiebereich zu erwarten, wenn die Genehmigungsdauer fuer Kernkraftwerke unbefristet bestehen bleibt (Szenario 1) bzw. wenn alle verbleibenden Kraftwerke zum Jahr 2004 abgeschaltet werden (Szenario 2). Die Volkswirtschaftler kommen zu dem Ergebnis, dass bei der Umsetzung des Ausstiegsbeschlusses kurzfristig die Strompreise steigen werden und die Investitionskosten zunaechst deutlich

  1. 北威州州选及其对德国政坛的影响%NRW-Landtagswahl und ihre Einflüsse auf die deutsche Politik

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵亚鹏

    2005-01-01

    2002年联邦大选后,红绿执政联盟开始了艰难的社会和经济改革.在改革进展不利的情况下,红绿联盟又失去了对其意义重大的北成州.北威州这次议会选举对德国政坛影响巨大,红绿联盟在州选中的失败直接导致了联邦大选可能提前到今年9月进行.

  2. Dictionary food technology. English-German. With about 10,000 entries. Fachwoerterbuch Lebensmitteltechnologie. Englisch-Deutsch. Mit etwa 10000 Wortstellen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bratfisch, R.

    1992-01-01

    This dictionary contains about 10,000 entries of the following fields: Raw Materials: Meat - fish - milk - cereals - fruit and vegetables - sugar and starch - oils and fats - tobacco - spices - cocoa - coffee - tea - water. Additives: Colouring agents - aroma substances - preservatives etc. Technology and Equipment of Food Processing: General and specific processing methods - food processing machinery - biotechnology - safety appliances - production hygiene, cleaning appliances - waste-water treatment - waste recovery - environmental protection. Filling and Packaging, Transportation, Cooling and Storage, Quality Assurance, Food Legislation. Appendix: Field-specific British and American weights and measures. (orig.).

  3. Non-medical application of radioactive materials or ionizing radiation. German legal regulations; Die Anwendung radioaktiver Stoffe oder ionisierender Strahlung ausserhalb der Medizin. Deutsche Rechtsvorschriften

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huhn, Walter [Ministerium fuer Arbeit, Integration und Soziales NRW, Duesseldorf (Germany); Lorenz, Bernd [Lorenz Consulting, Essen (Germany)

    2016-05-01

    Non-medical imaging is regulated in Germany since the 2011 radiation protection law amendment and the simultaneous X-ray regulation amendment based on the Euratom guideline 96/29. The regulations contain lists with justified and non-justified activities.

  4. The German ''Energiewende''. Evaluation after the Paris-agreement; Die Deutsche Energiewende. Bewertung nach dem Klima-Abkommen von Paris

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roth, Eike

    2016-12-15

    The World-Climate-Summit 2016 in Paris agreed to exacerbated goals for climate protection. This paper will scrutinize whether Germany can comply with its Paris-obligations by continuing the ongoing German ''Energiewende''. The result is clear-cut: The German ''Energiewende'' is inadequate. Due to the cap-and-trade system of the EU the ''Energiewende'' can in no way contribute to climate protection.

  5. Entwicklung der interkulturellen Kompetenz im Unterricht Deutsch als Fremdsprache. Eine empirische Untersuchung zum interkulturell orientierten Kompetenzprofil der DaF-Lehrkräfte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Petravić

    2016-04-01

    Intercultural communicative competence as a global aim of foreign language teaching requires a foreign language teacher profile which takes into account an integration of language teaching and of the development of the learners’ intercultural competence. The paper deals with this issue on two levels. First, it provides an outline of a competence profile of the interculturally competent foreign language teacher. Second, the authors present against this background a selection of findings of an empirical investigation on the self-awareness of German language teachers with regard to the development of intercultural competence as part of foreign language teaching in Croatia. The results show that a basically positive attitude of teachers regarding the integration of intercultural competence into foreign language teaching is confronted with their insufficient familiarity with various aspects of German-speaking cultures and with the use of teaching practices fostering the development of intercultural competence in German language teaching. This, in turn, carries implications for the education and professional development of teachers of German as foreign language.

  6. The German ''Energiewende''. Evaluation after the Paris-agreement; Die Deutsche Energiewende. Bewertung nach dem Klima-Abkommen von Paris

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roth, Eike

    2016-08-01

    The World-Climate-Summit 2016 in Paris agreed to exacerbated goals for climate protection. This paper will scrutinize whether Germany can comply with its Paris-obligations by continuing the ongoing German ''Energiewende''. The result is clear-cut: The German ''Energiewende'' is inadequate. Due to the cap-and-trade system of the EU the '''Energiewende''.

  7. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen von Innovationen durch Lehrpläne : Evaluation am Beispiel der sechsten Klasse im Fach Deutsch

    OpenAIRE

    Schramm, Elke

    2007-01-01

    Zu Beginn des Jahrtausends musste Deutschland auf die enttäuschenden Ergebnisse von TIMSS und PISA prompt reagieren. In vielen Fällen kam es daher zu Veränderungen des Lehrplans im nunmehr achtjährigen Gymnasium. Die Bemühungen, Schulqualität zu verbessern standen dabei im engen Zusammenhang mit der Schaffung verbindlicher Standards über die Ländergrenzen hinweg und der fortgesetzten Teilnahme an international vergleichenden Tests. Gleichzeitig wurden in mehreren Bundesländern auch die Lehrpl...

  8. World environmental policy. Conceptual approaches of German political science in response to the challenges of Global Change; Weltumweltpolitik - Global Change als Herausforderung fuer die deutsche Politikwissenschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biermann, F. [Potsdam-Institut fuer Klimafolgenforschung (PIK), Potsdam (Germany); Dingwerth, K. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften

    2001-12-01

    This paper describes, first, the international community of social scientists working on global change, and elaborates on possible contributions to this community by German political scientists. Second, the paper examines three new conceptual approaches to analysing global change, namely the Syndromes of Global Change approach, Earth System Analysis, and Sustainability Science. The paper then elaborates on a number of ways in which German political science could respond to the academic and political challenges posed by global change. It concludes by emphasizing the need for a new approach, focusing on 'world environmental policy analysis' that would bridge traditional (environmental) policy analysis, international relations research, and comparative politics. (orig.) [German] Der Aufsatz beschreibt die Wissenschaftslandschaft der internationalen sozialwissenschaftlichen Global-Change-Forschung mit besonderem Augenmerk auf moegliche Beitraege der deutschen Politologie. Mit den 'Syndromen des Globalen Wandels', der 'Erdsystemanalyse' und der 'Nachhaltigkeitswissenschaft' werden drei neuere konzeptionelle Innovationen vorgestellt, mit denen der Herausforderung des Globalen Wandels begegnet werden soll. Anschliessend werden Wege skizziert, wie die Politikwissenschaft auf die neuen gesellschaftlichen und wissenschaftlichen Probleme des Globalen Wandels reagieren koennte. Eine Schlussfolgerung ist ein Plaedoyer fuer die Entwicklung einer eigenstaendigen Weltumweltpolitik-Analyse an der Schnittstelle von traditioneller Policy-Analyse, Internationalen Beziehungen/Aussenpolitik sowie Komparatistik. (orig./CB)

  9. Axel Schildt, Detlef Siegfried: Deutsche Kulturgeschichte. Die Bundesrepublik von 1945 bis zur Gegenwart. München u.a.: Carl Hanser Verlag 2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Eitler

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Der vorliegende Band liefert einen überaus perspektivenreichen und umfassend kontextualisierten Überblick zur Kulturgeschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Sozial- und politikhistorischen Untersuchungsfeldern widmen sich die Autoren dabei ebenso eingehend wie medien- und konsum- oder körper- und geschlechtergeschichtlichen Fragestellungen. Durchgehend auf dem Stand der neueren Forschung rücken sie dabei den Zeitraum zwischen Ende der 1950er und Mitte der 1980er Jahre ins Zentrum ihres Interesses. Notgedrungene Verkürzungen können den Eindruck dieser Pionierleistung nicht trüben.The volume at hand provides an overview of the cultural history of the Federal Republic of Germany that is exceedingly rich in perspectives and extensively contextualized. The authors devote themselves to social and political fields of study equally as well as to historical questions related to media and consumerism or body and gender. They focus their interest on the time period between the end of the 1950s and the middle of the 1980s, while consistently taking the most recent research into account. That they sometimes must abbreviate their findings does not damage the positive opinion of this pioneering study.

  10. Dictionary of electrical engineering, power engineering and automation. Pt. 2. English-German. 6. rev. and enl. ed.; Woerterbuch Elektrotechnik, Energie- und Automatisierungstechnik. T. 2. Englisch - Deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    This dictionary can be recommended as the standard reference manual for translators, engineers, and technical writers who are looking for a comprehensive and reliable compilation of terms from the fields of power generation, transmission and distribution, drive engineering, automation, switchgear and installation engineering, power electronics as well as measurement and test engineering. For this edition, the dictionary has been updated and enlarged by about 40%. In the translation direction English-German, it now contains about 115,000 entries and 156,000 translations. The book is clearly structured, and the required information is quickly accessible (orig.)

  11. Dictionary of electrical engineering. Power engineering, automation technology, measurement and control technology, mechatronics. German - English; Fachwoerterbuch Elektrotechnik. Energietechnik, Automatisierungstechnik, Mess-, Steuer- und Regelungstechnik, Mechatronik. Deutsch - Englisch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heckler, H.

    2007-07-01

    This comprehensive dictionary contains more than 60,000 electrotechnical and engineering terms - used in textbooks, manuals, data sheets, whitepapers and international standards. British English and American English spelling differences are identified. Terms used in IEC standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission are marked, allowing the reader to have easy access to the multilingual glossary of the IEC. (orig.)

  12. Dictionary of electrical engineering, power engineering and automation. Pt. 1. German-English. 6. rev. and enl. ed.; Woerterbuch Elektrotechnik, Energie- und Automatisierungstechnik. T. 1. Deutsch-Englisch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This dictionary is the standard work for translators, engineers, and technical writers requiring a comprehensive and reliable compilation of terms from the fields of power generation, transmission and distribution, drive engineering, automation, switchgear and installation engineering, power electronics as well as measurement and test engineering. For this edition, the dictionary has been updated and enlarged by about 40 %. In the translation direction German-English (Volume 1), it now contains 121,000 entries and 166,000 translations, in the translation direction English-German 115,000 entries and 156,000 translations. (orig.)

  13. Dictionary of electrical engineering. Power engineering, automation technology, measurement and control technology, mechatronics. English - German; Fachwoerterbuch Elektrotechnik. Energietechnik, Automatisierungstechnik, Mess-, Steuer- und Regelungstechnik, Mechatronik. Englisch - Deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heckler, H.

    2007-07-01

    The foreign-language vocabulary taught at school usually does not cover terms needed during professional life in electrical engineering. This comprehensive dictionary contains more than 60,000 electrotechnical and engineering terms - used in textbooks, manuals, data sheets, whitepapers and international standards. British English and American English spelling differences are identified. Terms used in IEC standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission are marked, allowing the reader to have easy access to the multilingual glossary of the IEC. This book contains the in-house dictionaries of the internationally operating companies Festo, KEB, Phoenix Contact, and Rittal. Topics: - Basic of electrical engineering, - Electrical power engineering, - Mechatronics, - Electrical drive engineering, - Electrical connection technology, - Automation technology, - Safety-related technology, - Information technology, - Measurement and control technology, - Explosion protection - Power plant technology, - Lightning and overvoltage protection. (orig.)

  14. Reflexionen über das deutsche Wohnungsmodell in der Finanzkrise%金融危机下德国住房模式反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余南平

    2010-01-01

    德国住房模式作为欧洲住房差异模式中的一个子模式,其住房市场在金融危机下的出色表现不仅体现了德国住房管制的独特性,同时也为深入研究德国社会市场经济模式,特别是住房市场稳定和经济增长的双向关系,提供了可以借鉴的典范.

  15. Ein (U)berblick über das deutsche Strafvollzugsrecht%德国刑事执行法律概览

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司绍寒

    2007-01-01

    本文从刑事执行的概念、刑事执行法与刑法、刑事诉讼法中的刑事执行(die Strafvollstreckung)、刑事执行法的发展历史、德国现行刑事执行法及其立法特点和启示几个方面介绍了德意志联邦共和国的刑事执行法律制度,旨在为我国的刑事执行法律以及监狱改革和社区矫治研究提供借鉴.

  16. New EC Directive on the limitation of emissions from large combustion plants. Implications for German power plants; Neue EG-Richtlinie ueber nationale Emissionshoechstmengen. Folgerung fuer deutsche Kraftwerke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hildebrand, M. [VDEW - e.V., Frankfurt am Main (Germany). Bereich Recht und Umwelt

    2002-03-25

    The Directive 2001/80/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants uses a regulatory instrument for limiting emissions at the national levels of EU member states. This approach is completely new and the author of this article therefore expects problems to arise in the context of transfer of this EC Directive into national law. Another aspect discussed is the assessment of implications for the operating power plants in Germany. (orig./CB) [German] Mit der im Herbst 2001 durch das Europaeische Parlament und durch den Umweltministerrat verabschiedeten Richtlinie ueber nationale Emissionshoechstmengen wurde vom europaeischen Vorschriftengeber ein in Deutschland bislang systemfremdes Regelungsinstrument geschaffen, dessen Umsetzung in nationales Recht und dessen anlagenspezifische Konsequenzen - zumindest hierzulande -bislang noch reichlich unklar sind. (orig.)

  17. The night of the physicists. Heisenberg, Hahn, Weizsaecker, and the German bomb; Die Nacht der Physiker. Heisenberg, Hahn, Weizsaecker und die deutsche Bombe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schirach, Richard von

    2014-07-01

    Finally the German atomic physicists around Heisenberg, von Weizsaecker, and Hahn worked on their ''uranium machine'' in a Swabian beer-cellar - and took themselves for the world elite of nuclear research. In imprisonment they heared from the dropping of the Hiroshima bomb - a shock. Richard von Schirach shows the hindered ''fathers of the German atomic bomb'' in close-up, their eagerness, their hybris, their true importance, and their attempts to give after the war a new interpretation of their own role. A book, which raises in the sense of Duerrenmatt the question for the responsibility of science.

  18. 多伊奇女性精神分析理论的精神病理学思想%Deutsch's Theory on Psychopathology of Female Psychoanalysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王礼军; 吕英军; 郭本禹

    2015-01-01

    海伦妮·多伊奇是精神分析女性心理学的先驱者.对多伊奇独特的精神病理学思想进行系统梳理,首先,重点阐述其精神病理观,强调实际冲突在神经症形成中的作用以及由客体贯注的缺失所造成的"仿佛"人格;其次,深入探讨其精神分析治疗技术观,描述"治疗联盟"这一强调分析师与患者之间协作的治疗技术;最后,详细介绍其精神分析治疗过程观,阐述精神分析过程中的"理性"或"理智化"、"转向现实"和"转向内部现实"的阻抗防御形式,并对移情和付诸行动展开分析与解释.

  19. Das deutsche Sprachprofil an der Universität Roskilde. Ein didaktischer Ansatz für den studienbegleitenden Deutschunterricht in Dänemark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daryai-Hansen, Petra; Barfod, Sonja; Schwarz, Lena

    2015-01-01

    As part of its internationalization strategy, Roskilde University, Denmark, offers German language courses as an accompaniment to all bachelor students of the humanities and social sciences. This article introduces the context, learning objectives and organization of this so-called language profile....... The German language profile is presented from three perspectives: a language policy perspective, on which the language profile was developed; from the perspective of the teachers who design the language profile inspired by the CLIL approach; finally, from the students’ perspective. How do students experience...... their learning process? How do they evaluate their learning results? Die Universität Roskilde, Dänemark, bietet als Teil ihrer Internationalisierungsstrategie studienbegleitenden Fremdsprachenunterricht für alle Studierenden in den geistes- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Bachelorstudiengängen an. Der vorliegende...

  20. The German lignite industry. Historical development, resources, technology, economic structures and environmental impact. Study; Die deutsche Braunkohlenwirtschaft. Historische Entwicklungen, Ressourcen, Technik, wirtschaftliche Strukturen und Umweltauswirkungen. Studie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2017-05-15

    Lignite has a key role to play in the transformation of the energy system due to its specific structural features in terms of industry, company history, policy, economics, the environment and regional structures. Understanding these structural features of the German lignite industry is an important requirement for classifying the significance of the lignite industry up to now and for the redesigning of this industrial sector. From these environmental, economic and regulatory structural characteristics, which are interwoven in a variety of ways, the incentives arise for the mining and power plant operators to react to energy price signals or energy policy steering. The aim of this research study is to define these structural features, to compile comprehensively the basic data and information that is not always transparently available, to understand the interactions, to enable the navigation of issues that are partly very complex, and to classify into the long-term developments that are especially important for political and social processes. In 2016 approx. 12 percent of German primary energy consumption was met using lignite. At the same time, lignite has the highest carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of the fossil fuels; it currently accounts for approx. 19 percent of Germany's total greenhouse gas emissions as well as approx. 46 percent of the total CO2 emissions of the electricity sector. As a result of the mining of lignite and its conversion into electricity, substantial adverse impacts beyond the entry of greenhouse gases into the Earth's atmosphere arise for other environmental media. These impacts include half of Germany's mercury emissions, approx. a third of its sulfur dioxide emissions and approx. a tenth of its nitrogen oxide emissions. Lignite mining in open-cast mines takes up a substantial amount of landscape and soil and requires huge interventions in the water balance. Relatively high costs arise for the recultivation and rehabilitation of the open-cast areas; these costs are generated during the operation of open-cast mines and the connected power plants and must be securely made available for the post-operational phase. In addition, land for settlements and transport is also utilized, which leads to (cost-intensive) diversions of transport infrastructures and resettlements with all the accompanying consequences for local communities, etc. Industrial-scale mining of lignite is performed over the last 130 years and its conversion into electricity in large-scale power plants over about the last 100 years has made a significant contribution to the energy supply in Germany. It has been used above all for heating with lignite briquettes, for fuel production during the various phases of self-sufficiency efforts in Germany and from the mid-twentieth century onwards for electricity production, which constitutes the predominant use of lignite in Germany today. The decrease in lignite production, which resulted mainly from the (energy) economic adjustment process and the collapse of the sales market for lignite briquettes in the German federal states, already reached a (temporary) end at the turn of the millennium. In contrast to other areas of electricity generation, fuel costs are not just a matter of quantity-related cost items; for lignite, much more complex economic considerations and incentive effects arise due to the extensive consideration of variable and fixed cost components. As a result of the large share of internal cost allocation processes in the integrated lignite companies, the specific economic situation of the German lignite industry is also significantly less transparent than that of electricity generating companies that obtain fuels according to the conditions of the international fuel markets. In this study, the various economic parameters and cost components of the lignite industry in Germany were analyzed using a number of sources and different methodological approaches. Fixed cost components in the production costs (approx. three quarters) are of crucial importance here, some of which cannot be reduced at all and some of which can only be reduced in the medium term (i.e. usually by 2025) if replacement investments and retrofitting investments can be avoided or the personnel decreased. In order to understand this challenge objectively, the profitability indicator LignIX was developed for electricity production from lignite in Germany. The more recent and foreseeable developments for this index show that only newer lignite-fired power plants still cover the full operating costs of the open-cast mines and power plants from the revenues on the electricity market, but can no longer earn the capital costs for investments. In the near future, older lignite power plants could face the situation that the necessary maintenance, retrofitting or expansion investments in the connected open-cast mines can no longer be refinanced and personnel costs can no longer be met; open-cast mining capacities are then decommissioned if these investments and costs can be effectively avoided.

  1. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus strain Deutsch, 5 BAC clone sequencing, including two encoding Cytochrome P450s and one encoding CzEst9 carboxylesterase

    Science.gov (United States)

    The cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, has a genome over 2.4 times the size of the human genome, and with over 70% of repetitive DNA, this genome would prove very costly to sequence at today's prices and difficult to assemble and analyze. BAC clones give insight into the genome struct...

  2. Ansätze zur Darstellung nicht- und schwach idiomatischer verbonominaler Wortverbindungen in der zweisprachigen (Lerner-Lexikografie Deutsch-Finnisch (Beschreibung eines Forschungsvorhabens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heine, Antja

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The study focuses on verb-noun-connections of the type verb + subject (accusative and verb + preposition + subject. They will be described systematically, among themselves and in relation to free word connections. The units to be examined will be taken from electronic corpora. They will be analysed with regard to their utilisation. The second part of the research project focuses on the elaboration of Finnish analogies to these units, asking, whether the results can be used for bilingual lexicography (German-Finnish.

  3. Die Historische Schule und der besondere deutsche Weg%历史学派与德国特殊发展道路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡明

    2008-01-01

    本文作者分析了德国历史学派的历史观实质及其民族(国家)主义的内在逻辑与德意志特殊道路的关系.作者认为,历史学派的民族(国家)主义为德国的特殊发展道路提供了一定的政策支持,但也为其悲剧性结局负有部分责任.这方面的研究可以引起中国经济学家客观地分析和探讨国家在经济发展中的作用.

  4. Popsongs im Deutschunterricht : Wie man schwedische Schüler und Schülerinnen durch deutsche Popsongs für Lyrik interessieren kann

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    It can be hard to inspire teens for poetry and Lyric. Especially when it is to be performed in a foreign language. I am thinking of myself at that age. German was absolutely not my favorite subject. It was far too theoretic and I often did not get through the grammar. I have often thought about how I would have managed the subject of German, if the lessons had been designed in a different way. At the age of 16, I decided to end my German studies, since they impaired the rest of my grades. Wha...

  5. Die deutsche Erwachsenenbildung unter dem Leitbild der lebenslangen Bildung%终身教育理念下的德国成人教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任春

    2007-01-01

    本文阐述了德国成人教育的发展历史和终身教育理念在现代德国的形成过程,在终身教育思想指导下的德国成人教育的多元性和辅助性特点,德国成人终身学习的两大特色学习节活动和业余大学情况,以及德国成人教育带给我们的几点启示.

  6. Flexible Antworten - offene Fragen: Zu den Förderstrategien der Rockefeller-Stiftung für die deutsche Hirnforschung im Nationalsozialismus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stahnisch FW

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Es ist nahezu unmöglich, die Wiederherstellung wissenschaftlicher „Gemeinschaftsanstrengungen“ und Großforschungsprojekte im Deutschland der Zwischenkriegsjahre ohne die weitgreifende finanzielle Unterstützung der Rockefeller-Stiftung (RF nachzuvollziehen. Diese amerikanische Stiftung förderte nicht nur einschlägige medizinische Fakultätsinstitute und außeruniversitäre Hirnforschungseinrichtungen, sondern entwickelte sich während der Weimarer Zeit zu einer der einflussreichsten Institutionen, die sich dem Wiederaufbau der Kaiser- Wilhelm-Gesellschaft (KWG und ihrer angeschlossenen Institute verpflichtet fühlte. Ohne ihre deutliche Unterstützung wäre der schnelle Wiederanschluss der deutschen Hirnforschung an die Weltspitze in den turbulenten Jahren finanzieller und sozialer Krisen kaum möglich gewesen. Als Ergebnis, bzw. gesteuert durch die Aktivitäten ihres Pariser Europabüros, sowie des Einflusses des Gründungspräsidenten der „Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft“ (DFG und Vizepräsidenten der KWG, F. Schmidt- Ott (1860–1956, wie auch durch die Aktivitäten des RF-Agenten A. Gregg (1890–1957 konnten wichtige transatlantische Beziehungen wiederhergestellt werden. Diese trugen in den folgenden Dekaden mit dazu bei, den Austausch von Forschern, Know-how und Studierenden zwischen Deutschland und Österreich auf der einen Seite sowie den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika und Kanada auf der anderen wieder aufleben zu lassen. Bis heute sind jedoch viele Fragen unbeantwortet geblieben, die die Aufnahme und Funktion des wieder erstarkten Wissenschaftsaustauschs in den Neurowissenschaften in der Zwischenkriegsperiode betreffen. Besonderes Augenmerk erfahren im vorliegenden Beitrag die neu geschaffenen Ausbildungsmöglichkeiten in Übersee, die internen Entscheidungsprozesse der RF wie die Entwicklung einer weitgehenden Akzeptanz unter biomedizinischen Wissenschaftlern bezüglich eugenischer und rassenanthropologischer Ideologien in Nazi-Deutschland. Diese Untersuchung geht auf Archivarbeiten im „Rockefeller Archive Center“ (RAC, im Archiv der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (MPG und auf biographische Materialien zu relevanten deutschen Hirnforschern der Zeit zurück.

  7. Muusikamaailm : Luigi Nono 75. sünniaasta. Junge Deutsche Philharmonie ئ 25. Hispaania muusika Saarimaal. Marilyn Horne lahkub lavalt / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    L. Nono 75. sünniaastapäeva tähistamisest Itaalias ja Saksamaal. Saksa orkestri tegevusest. 27.mail algavatest Saarimaa muusikapidustustest Saksamaal, mis on pühendatud hispaania muusikale. M. Horne lauljategevusest

  8. German blowers for the world. Hidden champion: Ziehl-Abegg; Deutsche Ventilatoren fuer die ganze Welt. 'Hidden Champion: Ziehl-Abegg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2002-05-01

    In the past 5 years, Ziehl-Abegg increased their exports to 60 percent, especially in the field of ventilation and blowers. [German] In den vergangenen 5 Jahren hat sich der Exportanteil bei Ziehl-Abegg auf 60 Prozent erhoeht. Hauptanteil daran hat die Lueftungstechnik, wozu auch Ventilatoren fuer kaelte- und klimatechnische Anwendungen zaehlen. Und obwohl das Familienunternehmen heute im Weltmarkt zur Spitze zaehlt, wurde bislang kein grosses Aufheben darum gemacht. (orig.)

  9. Geschlechtergeschichte als Zugang zur deutsch-jüdischen Geschichte Gender History as Point of Entry to German-Jewish History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristiane Gerhardt

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Mit der sukzessiven Erosion des rabbinischen Normensystems und im Prozess der Verbürgerlichung, so die grundlegende These dieser Arbeit, wurden jüdische Frauen seit dem frühen 19. Jahrhundert nicht nur stärker als zuvor in die religiöse Kultur und Praxis integriert. Gleichermaßen gewannen auch Konzepte von Weiblichkeit entscheidend an Bedeutung für die Neuorientierung eines Judaismus bürgerlicher Prägung. Auf breiter Quellenbasis werden in Gender, Judaism and Bourgeois Culture in Germany, 1800–1870 die soziale und religiöse Praxis dieses historischen Wandels, die Programme und Auseinandersetzungen, aber auch die Grenzen dieser Neudefinitionen analysiert.The basic thesis of this work is that during the course of the successive erosion of the Rabbinical system of norms and the process of gentrification, Jewish women have become ever more strongly integrated into religious culture and practice since the early 19th century. Concurrently, the concept of femininity took on a decisive meaning for the new orientation of bourgeois-leaning Judaism. The book Gender, Judaism and Bourgeois Culture in Germany, 1800–1870, analyses the social and religious practice of this historical change, the programs and conflicts as well as the limits of these new definitions based on a broad selection of sources.

  10. Der deutsche Expressionismus in der litauischen Literaturkritik der Zwischenkriegszeit. Vokiečių ekspresionizmas tarpukario lietuvių literatūros kritikoje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jadvyga Bajarūnienė

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Vokiečių ekspresionizmo recepcijos lietuvių literatūros kritikoje pradžia susijusi su lietuvių poetais, kurie, susižavėję ekspresionizmu, bandė sekti šios srovės maniera. Vertindami jų kūrybą, kritikai kartu polemizavo ir su ekspresionizmu. Pats ekspresionizmas buvo suprantamas nevienodai, sąvoka dažnai vartojama kaip „futurizmo“ ar „avangardo“ sinonimas.Galima išskirti tris vokiečių ekspresionizmo recepcijos fazes. Pirmoji susijusi su grupės „Keturi vėjai“ veikla – vertindami poetų kūrybą, kritikai kartu svarstė ekspresionizmo galimybes ir ribas. Lietuvių kritikų požiūris į ekspresionizmą greičiau neigiamas, manoma, jog jis lietuvio mentalitetui yra svetimas.Antroji, žymiai produktyvesnė fazė sutampa su trečiojo dešimtmečio pabaiga. Literatūriniuose žurnaluose (Židinys ir kt. pasirodo informatyvių straipsnių, kurie vokiečių ekspresionizmą mėgina vertinti objektyviai. Tačiau vis tik formuojamas gana vienpusis jo vaizdas, dominuoja neigiamos nuostatos. Ekspresionizmo „žlugimas“ suvokiamas kaip nauja vokiečių literatūros pradžia (Skrupskelis.Galima kalbėti ir apie trečiąją fazę – žurnale Trečias frontas nemažai rašoma apie vokiečių literatūrą, tačiau autorius (ypač paskutiniuosiuose numeriuose domino vien kairiųjų pažiūrų rašytojai, skelbę revoliucines idėjas. Dėmesys vokiečių ekspresionizmui lietuvių literatūros kritikoje neatslūgsta iki šių dienų. Todėl tarpukaris vertintinas kaip svarbus etapas, pradėjęs ir įtvirtinęs ekspresionizmo diskursą Lietuvoje.

  11. Das deutsche Sprachprofil an der Universität Roskilde. Ein didaktischer Ansatz für den studienbegleitenden Deutschunterricht in Dänemark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daryai-Hansen, Petra; Barfod, Sonja; Schwarz, Lena

    2015-01-01

    . The German language profile is presented from three perspectives: a language policy perspective, on which the language profile was developed; from the perspective of the teachers who design the language profile inspired by the CLIL approach; finally, from the students’ perspective. How do students experience...... Perspektive der Lehrkräfte, die inspiriert durch den CLIL-Ansatz das Sprachprofil didaktisch gestalten. Abschließend fokussieren wir auf die Perspektive der Studierenden: Wie erleben sie ihren Lernprozess? Welche Resultate erzielen sie ihrer Ansicht nach?...

  12. Schumann Christoph, Radikalnationalismus in Syrien und Libanon: Politische Sozialisation und Elitenbildung 1930-1958, Hamburg: Deutsches Orient-Institut, 2001, 354 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Sluglett

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available This is a large and original undertaking, involving several different levels of intellectual enquiry. It is an attempt to understand the phenomenon of radical Arab nationalism by writing a prosopography, or collective biography, of some seventeen of its adherents, based primarily on an analysis of their memoirs (the individuals and their works are listed on  pp. 319-324. Most of the memoirs were published in the 1980s and 1990s, that is, several decades after the events they describe, and Sc...

  13. Ultrasonic testing station for wheel-set of passenger trains of the Deutsche Bahn AG%客车轮对超声波检测台

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    W. Kappes

    2002-01-01

    铁道车辆的不断进步,特别是像ICE或TGV这样的高速列车,需要不断开发安全技术。这种技术在将来势必要满足和航空工业相同的质量要求。这些新的要求也对无损检测技术提出了挑战。本文介绍了最近开发成功的一种轮对超声波检测系统,称为AURA的全自动检测台,对在修理工厂旋修过的轮对的轮缘和轮辋部分实施检查。提出了AURA系统的性能标准,介绍了采用AURA装置所取得的经验。

  14. Birgit Steinbügl: Deutsch-englische Kollokationen: Erfassung in zweisprachigen Wörterbüchern und Grenzen der korpusbasierten Analyse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Smit

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the role of collocations in dictionary use, and the extent to which users' needs are taken into account in the process of dictionary writing. Steinbügl decided to concentrate on bilingual dictionaries, because this type of dictionary is relatively less well explored in metalexicographical literature. German-English examples are analysed and evaluated. Instead of selecting examples randomly, she uses a comparative corpus of 200 collocations she put together herself in accordance with scientific reasons explained in detail. She questions the selection of collocations from existing corpora for her purposes, because these corpora are based on competing collocational theories. In order to come to meaningful conclusions, she prefers to delineate her own research approach, also however investigating the structures of bilingual dictionaries and dictionary articles, as well as situations of dictionary use.

  15. Komm, Lass dir was erzahlen. Versuch einer Methodologie zum Geschichtenerzahlen fur Deutsch (A Methodology for Storytelling in the German Language Classroom).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicke, Rainer E.

    A methodology is presented for storytelling in the elementary school German language classroom. Intended for the instructor in Alberta, this guide is illustrated with examples of types of activities and techniques useful for teaching German to the elementary school student. (JC)

  16. Das deutsche Sprachprofil an der Universität Roskilde. Ein didaktischer Ansatz für den studienbegleitenden Deutschunterricht in Dänemark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daryai-Hansen, Petra; Barfod, Sonja; Schwarz, Lena

    2015-01-01

    . The German language profile is presented from three perspectives: a language policy perspective, on which the language profile was developed; from the perspective of the teachers who design the language profile inspired by the CLIL approach; finally, from the students’ perspective. How do students experience...... Perspektive der Lehrkräfte, die inspiriert durch den CLIL-Ansatz das Sprachprofil didaktisch gestalten. Abschließend fokussieren wir auf die Perspektive der Studierenden: Wie erleben sie ihren Lernprozess? Welche Resultate erzielen sie ihrer Ansicht nach?...

  17. Electrical service by Deutsche Bahn in 2012 at home and in central Europe; Elektrischer Betrieb bei der Deutschen Bahn im Jahre 2012 im Inland und in Mitteleuropa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiewert, Frank [Deutsche Bahn AG, Berlin (Germany). Konzernentwicklung - Konjunktur, Verkehrsmaerkte und Wettbewerber; Eickhoff, Ursula [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Netz AG (GKl 2), Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Bittlingmayer, Gerd [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB ProjektBau GmbH, Efringen Kirchen (Germany); Kroetz, Werner [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Netz AG, Frankfurt am Main (Germany). Oberleitung und Maschinentechnik; Lemke, Martin [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Energie GmbH, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Kuerbel, Christopher [Deutsche Bahn AG, Frankfurt am Main (Germany). Vorstandsressort Technik, Systemverbund und Dienstleistungen, Beschaffung Schienenfahrzeuge (TEF); Trockels, Ingo [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Systemtechnik GmbH, Brandenburg-Kirchmoeser (Germany). Infrastruktur Fahrzeuginstandhaltung; Hechenberger, Alfred [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Systemtechnik GmbH, Muenchen (Germany). Portfoliomanagement und Marketing

    2013-04-15

    The development of the world economy and thus world trade continued to lose momentum in 2012. The main dampening factor was the unsolved debt crisis in the Euro zone. In Germany, the passenger transport services remained approx. 1% below last year's level. Only the demand for rail passenger traffic showed some growth. The framework conditions for goods traffic were negative for Germany. The traffic power decreased about nearly 2% and in the rail goods traffic by about 3%. The investments made by DB Netz regarded the existing infrastructure as well as new and extended rail sections. They served the preservation and renewal of the infrastructure and the simultaneous introduction of new technologies. In order to achieve the predicted goods traffic growth, sufficient network capacities are planned to be provided in the years to come. In the field of rail power supply, selected electro-technical installations will be renewed. The network control system of the main system control centre will be replaced and receives new functions in the network operation control optimising tools. In national and international markets, DB Systemtechnik offers railway transport companies and rail industry businesses special railway know-how packages. (orig.)

  18. Translationsausbildung und die Funktion der Abschlussprojekte : (am Beispiel der Abteilung für Translationswissenschaften - Lehrgang Deutsch - der Universität İstanbul)

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    In Turkey currently there are about 20 Translation Studies departments with over 4000 students in six different languages. All these departments generally include a final project in their curriculum in the last two semesters, where the students have to prove their translation competence. In the literature and at the web sites of the Translation Studies departments in Turkey and abroad there is very little teaching material about these final projects while these projects are invaluable for the...

  19. Unvorgreifliche Gedanken, betreffend die Ausuebung und Verbesserung des Uebersetzungsunterrichts Englisch-Deutsch. (Modest Thoughts on the Use and Improvement of Training in Translation -- English to German).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haber, Bernd K.

    1978-01-01

    Surveys current practice in teaching translation and finds it faulty. An almost mathematical model of translation strategy is suggested for upper-level students of English who can use a monolingual dictionary. Two sample texts for testing the model are appended. (IFS/WGA)

  20. Personennamen in der deutsch-polnischen Übersetzung als Teil der Problematik der Magisterarbeit “Übersetzbarkeit im Bereich der Personennamen”

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    The article discusses the question of translatability of literary proper names. An attempt is made to find a middle ground between the two extreme answers to the question of translatability (impossibility of translation vs. unconditional translatability); the nature of proper names is discussed and their position in the translation process is analysed on the basis of German, English and Polish literary texts. The article sums up the analysis of the possibilities for translation equivalence, a...

  1. Komparative analysen und überlegungen zum übersetzen in die germanischen sprachen deutsch, englisch und dänisch

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Based on empirical studies of texts, the three Germanic languages German, English and Danish are compared regarding similarities and differences. The analysis focuses on special aspects depending on how meaning is structured in the three languages. Some typical difficulties and pitfalls human translators experience are described. In the last part of the article, errors of machine translations are shown. Interestingly also many of the problems of machine translation systems are caused by lingu...

  2. Wiedergabe von literarischen Vornamen in deutsch-polnischer Übersetzung (am Beispiel des Romans „Buddenbrooks” von Thomas Mann)

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    The article discusses the question of the position of proper names (first names) in literary German-Polish translation. The empirical basis consists of first names from the novel by Thomas Mann (The Buddenbrooks) and its Polish translation. The first part of the article contains a theoretical introduction in the field of onomastics and discusses the nature and specific features of first names (1). In the next step different strategies of rendering of literary proper names are presented (2). T...

  3. The German Fukushima disaster. Media tsunami and policy GAU destroy the energy supply; Das deutsche Fukushima-Desaster. Medien-Tsunami und Polit-GAU verwuesten die Stromversorgung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ermecke, Klaus

    2011-10-15

    The author states that that Fukushima accident has shown that severe accident are controllable even in case of deficient planning. The crisis in Fukushima had Japan specific origin and was the result of severe carelessness. The German and Swiss safety technology would have prevented the escalation of the crisis. Fukushima delivers extensive experiences for the further improvement of infrastructure, training and accident management. The German phaseout hysteria is according to the author not based on facts.

  4. Grohnde. Documentation of the police operation during the demonstration against the NPP Grohnde on 19.03.1977 and the evacuation of the occupied cooling tower site on 23.08.1977; Grohnde. Dokumentation der Polizeieinsaetze anlaesslich der Demonstration gegen das Kernkraftwerk Grohnde am 19.03.1977 und der Raeumung des besetzten Kuehlturmgelaendes am 23.08.1977

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stricker, Michael

    2014-07-01

    The documentation of the police operation during the demonstration against the NPP Grohnde on 16.03.1977 and the evacuation of the occupied cooling tower site on 23.08.1977 covers the following issues: involved action forces: police Niedersachsen, police Nordrhein-Westfalen, police Schleswig-Holstein, police Bremen and the Bundesgrenzschutz; concept of the police operation, provisions (lodging and board) for the police, operating resources, details of the operation sequence; post-processing of the operation; the Grohnde trials.

  5. Application of ultrasonic array transducers and robotics for external inspection of reactor pressure vessels - practical experience from refuelling operations at the Kruemmel NPP in 2000; Einsatz von Ultraschall-Gruppenstrahlerprueftechniken und neuer Robotik bei der Aussenpruefung von Reaktor-Druckbehaeltern - Einsatzerfahrungen im Kernkraftwerk Kruemmel im Brennelementwechsel 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eggers, H.; Hein, E.; Zwahr, B. [Hamburgische Electricitaets-Werke AG, Hamburg (Germany). Abt. Oeffentlichkeitsarbeit; Rathgeb, W.; Schirner, G. [Siemens NDT, Erlangen (Germany)

    2000-07-01

    The performance of a novel testing robot of Siemens NDT and novel testing techniques for inspection of a welded joint for longitudinal and transverse defects is described in great detail. (orig./CB) [German] Im Rahmen einer Pruefgeraetelieferung ist HEW und Siemens NDT uebereingekommen, die gesamte Prueftechnik fuer die Siedewasseraussenpruefung effizienter zu gestalten. Ziel war, mit einem voellig neuen Pruefroboter und neuer Prueftechnik eine Schweissnaht in einem Prueflauf vollstaendig auf Laengs- und Querfehler zu pruefen. Dabei sollten die Umbaumassnahmen zwischen den einzelnen Pruefbereichen, wie den Rundnaehten und den Stutzeneinschweissnaehten, sowie der Stutzenkante entfallen. Die Prueftechnik wurde auf eine moderne Gruppenstrahlerprueftechnik umgestellt. Die dabei erreichbare Pruefdichte sollte zumindest so, wie mit herkoemmlichen Pruefsystemen oder dichter sein. Grundlegende Untersuchungen wurden zur Tandemtechnik angestellt, um mit einer modifizierten Tandemtechnik, bestehend aus zwei Gruppenstrahlerpruefkoepfen, die Wanddicke des SWR-Reaktordruckbehaelters mit maximal fuenf Tandemzonen zu pruefen. (orig.)

  6. The development of engineered safeguards for nuclear power plants in the political and technical environment in the Federal Republic of Germany since 1955; Die Entwicklung der Sicherheitstechnik fuer Kernkraftwerke im politischen und technischen Umfeld der Bundesrepublik Deutschland seit dem Jahr 1955

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laufs, P. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Philosophische-Historische Fakultaet

    2007-01-15

    The safety of nuclear power plants is determined largely by the integrity of the internally pressurized coolant containment system. The highly radioactive materials (fission products) generated within this pressurized containment (primary system) in the reactor core during nuclear power plant operation constitute an extremely great potential hazard. Catastrophic failure of the primary system, and the release into the environment of the radioactive inventory, must be avoided at all costs. Because of the high coolant pressure and the high power density, pressurized water reactors (PWR) impose particularly strict requirements with respect to reactor safety. German nuclear power plants equipped with light water reactors enjoy the reputation of being among the safest plants in the world. This frequent statement is justified in the light of the research and development work performed jointly by industry, government agencies, science, and expert bodies between the 1960s and the 1990s. The research projects, which implied considerable financial expenditures, their internationally acknowledged results, and the resultant additional backfitting measures conducted in German nuclear power plants at many billions of expenditures, were hardly noticed by the German body politic. (orig.)

  7. Project 'Windbank upper Aare Valley': Classification, diagnosis and prognosis of wind fields in the region of the Swiss nuclear power plant Muehleberg; Projekt 'Windbank oberes Aaretal': Klassifizierung, Diagnose und Prognose von Windfeldern in der Region des Kernkraftwerkes Muehleberg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graber, W.K.; Tinguely, M

    1999-10-01

    In the framework of the project 'Windbank', wind field patterns in an area of 50 by 50 km{sup 2} in the Swiss Plateau around the nuclear power plant Muehleberg between the Alps and the Jura were measured with 22 temporary meteorological stations and 2 SODARs during four months in 1997. Hourly averages from this high resolution network were combined with meteorological information from routine stations and from a weather prediction model. This data-set comprises all available parameters influencing the complex wind flow in the investigated area between the Alps and the Jura. A cluster analysis for this data-set leads to 12 classes with a high separation quality. It is demonstrated, that an on-line acquisition of meteorological data from routine stations and from a weather prediction model can be used to diagnose the recent wind field class with a probability of 96 % to hit the correct wind field class. This diagnosis reveals wind fields with a very high spatial resolution in a very short time. Consequently, it is useful as a contribution to a decision support system for safety management after accidental releases of nuclear or chemical air pollutants. Further, a method is outlined to use the weather prediction model to forecast the wind field class. An average probability of 79 % to hit the correct wind field classes for a forecast time of up to 25 hours is evaluated. (author) [German] Im Rahmen des Projektes 'WINDBANK oberes Aaretal', einem Auftrag des Bundesamtes fuer Energie (BfE) der Schweiz an das Paul Scherrer Institut, wurden im Gebiet des oberen Aaretales im zweiten Halbjahr 1997 Windmessungen durchgefuehrt. Dabei kamen zusaetzlich zu den Daten von Routinestationen noch 22 PSI-Stationen und 2 SODARs fuer begrenzte Zeit zum Einsatz. Basierend auf diesen Daten wird im vorliegenden Bericht in Anlehnung an das Vorlaeuferprojekt 'WINDBANK unteres Aaretal' eine Clusteranalyse dargestellt, um fuer die Gegend 12 typische Windfelder zu erarbeiten. Ausgehend von den mittleren Windwerten fuer jede Klasse werden anschliessend 3-dimensionale Windfelder auf einem regelmaessigen Gitter im Umfeld von 50x50 km berechnet. Diese Windfelder bilden die Grundlage, um typische Dispersionsszenarien fuer eine hypothetische Quelle zu berechnen. Weiter wird eine Methode zur Bestimmung eines aktuellen Windfeldes aufgrund der Routine-Stationen (ohne PSI-Stationen und SODARs) erarbeitet, die in 96 % aller Faelle das richtige Windfeld diagnostiziert. Damit kann eine Windfelddiagnose im on-line-Betrieb realisiert werden. Zur optimalen Nutzung der Windfeldklassierung als Planungsinstrument fuer Massnahmen bei Reaktorstoerfaellen wird eine Methode dargestellt, die eine Prognose der in den naechsten 24 Stunden zu erwartenden Windfeldklassen erlaubt. Die Methode stuetzt sich auf das operationell eingesetzte 'Schweizer Modell' der Schweizerischen Meteorologischen Anstalt und kann ebenfalls in einen on-line-Betrieb der Windfeldprognose eingebunden werden. Die Qualitaet der Prognose der Windfeldklassen wird mit 79 % abgeschaetzt. (author)

  8. Comments on conceptual questions concerning the clearance of wastes for disposal on a dump site during the decommissioning and dismantling of the nuclear power plant Obrigheim (KWO); Stellungnahme zu konzeptionellen Fragen der Freigabe zur Beseitigung auf einer Deponie bei Stilllegung und Abbau des Kernkraftwerks Obrigheim (KWO)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kueppers, Christian

    2015-08-03

    The comments on conceptual questions concerning the clearance of wastes for disposal on a dump site during the decommissioning and dismantling of the nuclear power plant Obrigheim (KWO) cover the following issues: fundamentals of the 10 micro-Sv concept for clearance; specific regulations for the clearance of wastes from the dismantling of KWO for disposal on a dump site; disposal concept at shutdown and dismantling of KWO; measurements and control during clearance for disposal during shutdown and dismantling of KWO; documentation and reports.

  9. [Guideline (S2k, AWMF) of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pneumologie und Beatmungsmedizin and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Arbeitsmedizin und Umweltmedizin "Diagnostics and Expert Opinion in the Occupational Disease No. 4101 Silicosis (Including Coal Worker's Pneumoconiosis)"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baur, X; Heger, M; Bohle, R M; Hering, K G; Hofmann-Preiß, K; Nowak, D; Tannapfel, A; Teschler, H; Voshaar, T; Kraus, T

    2016-12-01

    During the last 1.5 years an update of the guideline on silicosis was made by an interdisciplinary working group. New medical and scientific knowledge and the experience in expert opinion practice were taken into account.By preparing the initial guideline in 2010 standardization of diagnostics and adaption of the "Moers convention" which was not based on medical knowledge was in the focus, whereas the current update deals with fine emendation and extension, especially of the compensation rate (adaption with the Reichenhall recommendation).The diagnosis of silicosis (including mixed dust pneumoconiosis) is based on a detailed occupational history, and predominantly on the typical radiological findings. However, at initial diagnosis the standardized LD-HRCT takes an important role because of its high sensitivity and specificity. Exceptional cases are those with characteristic findings in chest X-ray follow-up. Correspondingly, it is mentioned in the guideline: "The standardized appraisal of the Low-Dose-Volume HRCT requires application of the CT classification (ICOERD, International Classification of Occupational and Environmental Respiratory diseases). In order to diagnose silicosis in CT scan opacities with sharp borders in both central upper lung fields and their circumferencies have to be documented. By comparing with ILO standard radiographs at least profusion category 1 in the right and left upper lung fields has to be reached (total profusion category 2)."The pathologic minimal requirement for the diagnosis of silicosis which has undergone controversial discussion has now also been defined. Corresponding to Hnizdo et al. 2000 it is now mentioned: "Finding of less than 5 silicotic granuloma per lung lobe by palpation is regarded as insignificant." This is a convention and not a threshold based on detailed medical scientific and statistical studies; it is based on extended experience in the South African gold mines.This guideline also deals with silicotic hilar (and sometimes mediastinial) lymph nodes; according to the guideline working group they do not closely correlate with the degree of pulmonary involvement. Extended conglomerating and enduring lymph-node processes may lead to dislocation of the hili with impairment of large bronchi and vessels. Shell-like calcifications dominating in the periphery of lymph nodes produce so-called egg-shell hili.The paragraph on exercise testing is now extended: if neither ergometry nor spiroergometry can be performed a 6 minute walking test by measuring oxygen saturation should be done.Furthermore, in individual expert opinion examinations right heart catheterization (the patient is not obliged to give informed consent) may be recommended, if echo cardiography gives evidence for pulmonary hypertension or if it is difficult to differentiate between right and left heart failure. The presence of pulmonary hypertension which is of prognostic relevance has to be considered when grading reduction in earning capacity.For interpretation of spirometry values the new GLI reference values has to be applied. Grading of impairment is due to the recommendation of the DGP.According to current medical scientific knowledge it is unclear, whether certain disorders of the rheumatic group such is scleroderma or Caplan syndrome which are sometimes associated with silicosis (or coal workers' pneumoconiosis) belong in toto to the occupational disease number 4101 (silicosis). Within this context, additional studies are needed to clarify the role of occupational quartz exposure and other risk factors.The guideline working group hopes that this update will help to optimize diagnostics and expert opinion of silicotic patients.

  10. Prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care of sepsis: 1st revision of S-2k guidelines of the German Sepsis Society (Deutsche Sepsis-Gesellschaft e.V. (DSG and the German Interdisciplinary Association of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin (DIVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinhart, K.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Practice guidelines are systematically developed statements and recommendations that assist the physicians and patients in making decisions about appropriate health care measures for specific clinical circumstances taking into account specific national health care structures. The 1st revision of the S-2k guideline of the German Sepsis Society in collaboration with 17 German medical scientific societies and one self-help group provides state-of-the-art information (results of controlled clinical trials and expert knowledge on the effective and appropriate medical care (prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care of critically ill patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. The guideline had been developed according to the “German Instrument for Methodological Guideline Appraisal” of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies (AWMF. In view of the inevitable advancements in scientific knowledge and technical expertise, revisions, updates and amendments must be periodically initiated. The guideline recommendations may not be applied under all circumstances. It rests with the clinician to decide whether a certain recommendation should be adopted or not, taking into consideration the unique set of clinical facts presented in connection with each individual patient as well as the available resources.

  11. Prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care of sepsis: 1st revision of S-2k guidelines of the German Sepsis Society (Deutsche Sepsis-Gesellschaft e.V. (DSG)) and the German Interdisciplinary Association of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin (DIVI))

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhart, K.; Brunkhorst, F. M.; Bone, H.-G.; Bardutzky, J.; Dempfle, C.-E.; Forst, H.; Gastmeier, P.; Gerlach, H.; Gründling, M.; John, S.; Kern, W.; Kreymann, G.; Krüger, W.; Kujath, P.; Marggraf, G.; Martin, J.; Mayer, K.; Meier-Hellmann, A.; Oppert, M.; Putensen, C.; Quintel, M.; Ragaller, M.; Rossaint, R.; Seifert, H.; Spies, C.; Stüber, F.; Weiler, N.; Weimann, A.; Werdan, K.; Welte, T.

    2010-01-01

    Practice guidelines are systematically developed statements and recommendations that assist the physicians and patients in making decisions about appropriate health care measures for specific clinical circumstances taking into account specific national health care structures. The 1st revision of the S-2k guideline of the German Sepsis Society in collaboration with 17 German medical scientific societies and one self-help group provides state-of-the-art information (results of controlled clinical trials and expert knowledge) on the effective and appropriate medical care (prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care) of critically ill patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. The guideline had been developed according to the “German Instrument for Methodological Guideline Appraisal” of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies (AWMF). In view of the inevitable advancements in scientific knowledge and technical expertise, revisions, updates and amendments must be periodically initiated. The guideline recommendations may not be applied under all circumstances. It rests with the clinician to decide whether a certain recommendation should be adopted or not, taking into consideration the unique set of clinical facts presented in connection with each individual patient as well as the available resources. PMID:20628653

  12. Ich spreche anders, aber das ist auch deutsch: línguas em conflito em uma escola rural localizada em zona de imigração no sul do Brasil Ich spreche anders, aber das ist auch deutsch: languages in conflict in a rural school located in an immigration area in the south of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristela Pereira Fritzen

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O bilingüismo/multilingüismo como fenômeno social ainda é pouco reconhecido no cenário brasileiro, apesar de o tema ter conquistado espaço na academia. Em termos gerais, considera-se o Brasil um país monolíngüe, onde se fala apenas o português brasileiro. Há, no entanto, vários contextos de línguas minoritárias (grupos indígenas, grupos de imigrantes, zonas de fronteira, comunidades de surdos em que o uso de várias línguas é a regra. Nesses contextos sociolingüisticamente complexos há relações assimétricas e de conflito entre a língua hegemônica e as línguas minoritárias, em geral estigmatizadas. O presente estudo, parte dos resultados de uma pesquisa etnográfica, focaliza o conflito lingüístico presente em uma escola rural localizada numa comunidade bilíngüe/multilíngüe em zona de imigração alemã no sul do país, onde, ainda hoje, as crianças aprendem em casa a língua de herança, empregada em âmbito familiar e social. Com suporte teórico predominantemente vindo do bilingüismo visto de uma perspectiva social e dos Estudos Culturais, o objetivo principal deste artigo é problematizar a situação de contato/conflito lingüístico existente na região alvo da pesquisa e sua interface com questões de identidades construídas nos discursos hegemônicos. Além disso, discute-se como esses conflitos emergem nas relações interacionais entre os professores e entre alunos e professores, dentro da instituição escolar. Os registros sugerem que o bilingüismo da comunidade penetra na escola e que os conflitos lingüísticos e identitários ganham ainda mais força nas interações sociais entre os sujeitos que ali convivem.Bilingualism/multilingualism as a social phenomenon is still little recognized in the Brazilian scenario, despite it has gotten space in the academy. Usually, Brazil is seen as a monolingual country, where the Brazilian Portuguese is the only language spoken. There are, however, contexts of minority languages (indigenous groups, groups of immigrant, border regions, deaf communities in which the use of several languages is the rule. In these sociolinguistically complex contexts there are both asymmetric and conflicting relations between the hegemonic language and minority languages, usually stigmatized. This study develops itself from the results of an ethnographic research, focusing the language conflict that is present in a rural school located in a bilingual/multilingual community in a region of German immigration in the south of the country, where, even nowadays, children learn at home the inherited language, which is used in the familiar and social contexts. With a theoretical basis mostly acquired from bilingualism analyzed from a social perspective and from the perspective of the Cultural Studies, the main aim of this article is to problematize the language contact/conflict situation existing in the target region and its interface with identity questions built in the hegemonic discourses. Moreover, it is discussed the way these conflicts emerge in the interactional relations between teachers and among teachers and students within school. The data suggests that the community's bilingualism gets into school, and that the language and identity conflicts become even stronger within the social interactions among the individuals that live together in that space.

  13. 75 FR 7299 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Order Approving Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-18

    ... Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse'') and SIX Swiss Exchange (``SIX''). SIX is owned by SIX Group (Eurex Frankfurt, Eurex Z rich, Deutsche B rse, SIX, SIX Group, and U.S. Exchange Holdings, Inc. are...

  14. Process Performance Measurement in a Maintenance Process; Prozess Performance Measurement im Auftragsbearbeitungsprozess

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kronz, A. [IDS Scheer AG, Saarbruecken (Germany); Ramler, K. [Eon Kernkraft GmbH (Germany). Kernkraftwerk Unterweser; Renner, A. [Horvath und Partner GmbH (Germany)

    2002-07-01

    Collecting and analysing of process oriented performance indicators is a prerequisite to a comprehensive process management. In order to realize continuous process optimization, performance gaps within the processes of companies are being detected. Thus, an adequate IT-solution like ARIS-Process Performance Manager is needed. The following presents the results of a project at the nuclear power plant Eon Kernkraftwerk Unterweser, which was carried out by Horvath and Partners and IDS Scheer. (orig.) [German] Die Erhebung und Analyse leistungsbezogener Prozesskennzahlen ist Voraussetzung fuer ein ganzheitliches Prozessmanagement. Nur so laesst sich eine durchgaengige und kontinuierliche Prozessoptimierung realisieren. Zudem werden Schwachstellen in Unternehmensprozessen aufgedeckt. Voraussetzung ist eine geeignete IT-Loesung wie der Aris-Process-Performance-Manager. Vorgestellt werden die Ergebnisse eines von Horvath and Partners und IDS Scheer gemeinsam durchgefuehrten Projekts bei dem Eon-Kernkraftwerk Unterweser. (orig.)

  15. WTZ Russland - Fluenzberechnungen für Voreilproben beim WWER-440

    OpenAIRE

    Konheiser, Jörg; Grahn, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Der Reaktordruckbehälter (RDB) zählt zu den nicht auswechselbaren Komponenten eines Kernkraftwerkes (KKW). Durch die hohen Neutronen- und Gammaflüsse ist er beschleunigten Alterungsprozessen unterworfen, welche die Lebensdauer eines KKW bestimmen könnten. So haben neben der chemischen Zusammensetzung des RDB-Stahls vor allem die Strahlungsparameter (Neutronen- und Gammafluenzen und deren Spektren) Auswirkungen auf die Versprödungseigenschaften des RDB. Für einen sicheren Betrieb eines KKW ...

  16. Studies on the deterministic and probabilistic assessment of external effects. Deterministic investigation of the robustness of German nuclear power plants against external effects under consideration of actual findings on the events to be assumed; Untersuchungen zur deterministischen und probabilistischen Bewertung von Einwirkungen von aussen (EVA-Ereignisse). Deterministische Untersuchung der Widerstandsfaehigkeit deutscher Kernkraftwerke gegen Einwirkungen von aussen, unter Beruecksichtigung aktueller Erkenntnisse hinsichtlich der anzusetzenden Einwirkungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sperbeck, Silvio; Strack, Christian; Thuma, Gernot

    2013-11-15

    The aim of the analyses on natural hazards described in this report was to evaluate the advantages of innovative hazard assessment methods available today over the hazard assessment methods commonly applied for German nuclear power plant sites in the past. For each hazard under consideration (earthquake, flooding, and wind loads) it has been assessed whether the new methods provide additional insights that could call for their mandatory application in future site specific hazard assessments. If no additional insights are gained, the hitherto applied methods can be considered adequate according to today's standards. In the context of this work, no areas could be identified where the hazard assessment methods stipulated in German (nuclear) regulations are generally inadequate. These methods that are commonly applied in practice do not seem to be prone to significantly underestimate the site specific hazard. Nevertheless, some newer methods allow for more precise (reduction of uncertainties) and more comprehensive (consideration of additional hazard characteristics) hazard assessments. Therefore, depending on the hazard under consideration, it could be advisable to supplement future site specific hazard assessments by some additional analyses. As the methods for some of these additional analyses are not yet fully developed, further research will be necessary to enable these amendments.

  17. Scientific-technical cooperation with foreign (esp. Europe and INSC partner countries) nuclear regulatory authorities and their technical support organizations in the fields of nuclear safety of operating nuclear power plants and on the concept evaluation of generation 3+ plants. Final report; Wissenschaftlich-Technische Zusammenarbeit (WTZ) mit auslaendischen (insbesondere in Europa und INSC-Partnerstaaten) atomrechtlichen Behoerden und deren Sachverstaendigenorganisationen zur nuklearen Sicherheit in Betrieb befindlicher Kernkraftwerke und zur Konzeptbewertung von Generation-3+-Anlagen. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolff, Holger

    2016-09-15

    The BMUB/BfS-Project 3614I01512 forms the frame of the GRS for the scientific-technical cooperation with Technical Support Organisations and Nuclear Regulatory Authorities in the field of nuclear safety in operating NPPs and for the concept evaluation of generation 3{sup +} plants in Europe and INSC Partner Countries. In the present final project report results are described which were gained within the project duration 15.10.2014 up to the 30.09.2016 in the following working packages: Investigations following the catastrophe of Fukushima Daiichi, Evaluation of selected National Action Plans, DBA and severe accident analyses for NPP with PWR (WWER-440, WWER-1000), cooperation with INSC partner countries on DBA, BDBA and severe accident analyses for WWER plants of generation 3{sup +} and building NRA and safety evaluation capacities and decommissioning of nuclear facilities and disposal of radioactive waste. The results are preceded by an outline on the activities related to the project management and to the planning of the bilateral work.

  18. 77 FR 15422 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse''), effectively granting Deutsche B rse a..., in turn, is jointly owned by Deutsche B rse and SIX. SIX is owned by SIX Group AG (``SIX Group''). \\3... B rse, SIX Group, and SIX signed a definitive agreement for the Transaction, which would...

  19. 78 FR 14844 - Topaz Exchange, LLC; Order Granting Application for a Conditional Exemption Pursuant to Section...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ... Zurich AG (``Eurex Zurich''), which, in turn, is fifty percent (50%) owned by Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse'') and fifty percent (50%) owned by Eurex Global Derivatives AG (``EGD''). Deutsche B rse..., Eurex Frankfurt, Eurex Zurich, Deutsche B rse and EGD (collectively, the ``Foreign Direct...

  20. 77 FR 15413 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse''), effectively granting Deutsche B rse a..., in turn, is jointly owned by Deutsche B rse ] and SIX. SIX is owned by SIX Group AG (``SIX Group... B rse, SIX Group, and SIX signed a definitive agreement for the Transaction, which would...

  1. 77 FR 24752 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; International Securities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ...''), which will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse''), granting Deutsche B rse a 100% indirect ownership interest in ISE Holdings which, in turn, wholly owns ISE and holds a...'', and, with Deutsche B rse, the ``German Upstream Owners'').\\8\\ Eurex Frankfurt is a...

  2. 77 FR 15417 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... Global Derivatives AG (``EGD''), which will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche B rse AG (``Deutsche B rse''), effectively granting Deutsche B rse a 100% indirect ownership interest in ISE Holdings... Frankfurt is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eurex Z rich, which, in turn, is jointly owned by Deutsche B...

  3. De mate van nauwkeurigheid van verplaatsingsafstanden. Lezing voor het Deutsche Verkehrswissenschaftliche Gesellschaft, Workshop "Neuere Methoden zur Erhebung desVerkehrsverhaltens und seiner Bestimmungsgründe, Grainau, West-Duitsland, 19 t/m 21 november 1979.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruin, F.J. de

    1979-01-01

    Some conclusions of researches done in this field are: the distance is overestimated, but is most exact when it is short. A method has been developed by the SWOV to give more precise results. This method is discussed. In an interview the given routes are indicated by the interviewee on the map, m

  4. The quantity does it? The EEG 2017 and the consequences for the German energy transition; Menge macht's? Das EEG 2017 und die Folgen fuer die deutsche Energiewende

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meya, Jasper N.; Neetzow, Paul [Oldenburg Univ. (Germany); Humboldt Univ., Berlin (Germany); Neubauer, Linda; Pechan, Anna [Oldenburg Univ. (Germany)

    2016-11-15

    The Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) has so far been the driving force behind German energy transition and has found many imitators internationally as an effective funding instrument. With the reform of the EEG, which was approved by the Federal Government, the promotion of renewable energies (EE) was shifted from the current price to a quantity control. The present analysis of the impact of the switch to cost-efficiency, the diversity of actors, the achievement of the EE production targets and network consistency shows that the efficiency advantages of tendering may be reduced by higher transaction costs and regional expansion ambitions dampened. The tendered quantities are not sufficient for the long term to increase EE share to the targeted level. It is also doubtful whether a grid-compatible EE expansion is achieved. [German] Das Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) war bislang der Motor der deutschen Energiewende und hat als effektives Foerderinstrument international viele Nachahmer gefunden. Mit der von der Bundesregierung beschlossenen Reform des EEG wird die Foerderung der erneuerbaren Energien (EE) von der bisherigen Preis- auf eine Mengensteuerung umgestellt. Die vorliegende Analyse der Auswirkungen der Umstellung auf Kosteneffizienz, Akteursvielfalt, Erreichen der EE-Erzeugungsziele und Netzkonformitaet zeigt, dass die Effizienzvorteile der Ausschreibungen ggf. durch hoehere Transaktionskosten verringert und regionale Ausbauambitionen gedaempft werden. Die ausgeschriebenen Mengen reichen langfristig nicht aus, um den EE-Anteil zielkonform zu erhoehen. Es ist zudem fraglich, ob ein netzkonformer EE-Ausbau erreicht wird.

  5. Der politische Kontext von Max Webers Beitrag über die deutsche Wirtschaft in der Encyclopedia Americana / The Political Context of Max Weber’s Contribution on the German Economy in the Encyclopedia Americana

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Guenther Roth

    2007-01-01

    ... müsse in die Weltwirtschaft integriert werden, und zwar durch gemäßigte Zölle und Handelsverträge. Dies in Opposition zur konservativen Hochzollpolitik und ihrem Streben nach Autarkie, aber auch zu Joseph Chamberlains...

  6. 'Li, Wei, Deutsche Pläne zur europäischen wirtschaftlichen Neuordnung 1939-1945. Weltwirtschaft, kontinentaleuropäische Autarkie und mitteleuropäische Wirtschaftsintegration'

    OpenAIRE

    Solchany, Jean

    2014-01-01

    En moins de 300 pages, W.L. propose dans la version publiée de son doctorat un panorama d’ensemble des représentations nationales-socialistes de la refondation économique de l’Europe à mettre en œuvre au lendemain de la guerre. Son étude suit les principales césures de la chronologie avec une première partie évoquant les conceptions de la Mitteleuropa sous domination nazie élaborées de 1939 à 1941, une seconde consacrée au destin réservé à l’URSS dans les plans nazis de réorganisation de l’Eu...

  7. „Ob man an die kleinen Kinder gedacht hat ...?“ Die Verhandlungen über medizinische Hilfe für deutsche Flüchtlinge in Dänemark am Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Schultheiss

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of May 1945 almost 250.000 refugees from the eastern parts of Germany were in Denmark, having been evacuated into the occupied kingdom. From the arrival of the first refugee in February until the German capitulation in Denmark on May 5, 1945, 6.580 refugees lost their lives. Among them were more than 4.000 children who mostly died of malnutrition and pneumonia.This article examines the reasons behind this death toll and sheds light on the negotiations pertaining to medical help for the refugees between the Danish administration and the German authorities. However, due to egoistical and political considerations both on the German and Danish sides, an agreement was never settled upon.

  8. Energy-saving Renovation of the Headquarters Building of Deutsche Bank. To be Green is to Be Sustainable%德意志银行总部大楼节能改造:"绿色"是可持续的

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟科瑜

    2009-01-01

    @@ 2006年12月,欧洲第二大银行--德意志银行宣布,将对其位于德国西部金融中心法兰克福的总部大楼进行大规模的现代化改造.引起世界媒体的普遍关注.这座被誉为"双子塔"的办公大楼是欧洲最大的办公楼,高155m,是当地有名的城市景观之一.改造将于2010年夏天竣工,预计投资1.5亿美元,改造后的大楼将以"绿色大厦"的面貌呈现在世人面前.

  9. LEED conformity inside and outside. Headquarters of the Deutsche Boerse in LEED {sup registered} Platin; Aussen und innen LEED-konform. Zentrale der Deutschen Boerse in LEED {sup registered} Platin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bloedorn, Heike

    2011-07-01

    Due to the sustainable design of building, the new corporate headquarters of the group German Stock Exchange in Frankfurt (Federal Republic of Germany) with an investment of nearly 230 million Euro has been distinguished as the first skyscraper in Germany with the LEED platinum certification (as the highest category of the U.S. Green Building Council). The design of the 21-story building was by the architects KSP Engel Juergen Architekten GmbH (Frankfurt, Federal Republic of Germany). The project was developed by Gross Partner and Grundstuecksentwicklungsgesellschaft mbH (Frankfurt, Federal Republic of Germany) and Lang and Cie. Real Estate (Frankfurt, Federal Republic of Germany). The innovative energy concept was realized by Lenz Weber Ingenieure (Frankfurt, Federal Republic of Germany) in cooperation with EB-Partner GmbH and Co. KG (Frankfurt/Nuernberg, Federal Republic) and TP Electrical Plan (Gaggenau, Federal Republic of Germany). The stringent sustainability criteria in the interior construction were accomplished by feco wood materials in the form of displaceable system partition walls and sound absorbing doors.

  10. Diglossische Prozesse (Zwischen Deutsch und Spanisch) unter den Spanischen Emigranten der 2. Generation in Deutschland: Eine Soziolinguistische Studie (Diglossia Processes (Between German and Spanish) Among Second Generation Spanish Immigrants in Germany: A Sociolinguistic Study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, Karin Vilar

    1998-01-01

    Presents a sociolinguistic study of second-generation Spanish immigrants in Germany. Specific focus is on "diglossia processes," or how Spanish and German are used for different sociolinguistic situations. (Author/VL)

  11. "Land der Berge, Land der Seen": Zum Oesterreichbild in amerikanischen Deutsch-Lehrbuechern ("Land of Mountains, Land of Lakes": On the Picture of Austria Presented by German Textbooks in the USA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koppensteiner, Juergen

    1978-01-01

    Nearly all German textbooks currently used in the USA either entirely fail to mention Austria, or else portray it by means of myths, cliches (Apfelstrudel, Sachertorte, Gemuetlichkeit), and often with outright untruths. The American student gets a picture of Austria as an "underdeveloped Disneyland of Europe". (WGA)

  12. Good neighborhood in a crisis? Germans and French in search of a common energy policy (1973 - 1980); Stoerfall fuer die gute Nachbarschaft? Deutsche und Franzosen auf der Suche nach einer gemeinsamen Energiepolitik (1973-1980)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tauer, Sandra

    2012-11-01

    The oil crisis of autumn 1973 was a turning point of the seventies. Citizens of industrialized countries were brought to realize their dependence on Arab imported oil the hard way. Using the example of German-French relations, the author investigates if there were instances of cooperation in energy policy, and in what concrete manner. Using historical primary energy sources, she starts by investigating the actions and political strategies of the German and French governments and also describes the search for multilateral solutions. Examples are presented to show how civil society is affected. This first systematic analysis of German-French relations shows that energy policy had great importance for the bilateral relation even though results of German-French cooperation were few and far between.

  13. 2007年全国德语专业青年教师培训纪要%Protokoll über die landesweite Ausbildung von jungen Lehrkr(a)ften des Faches Deutsch im Jahr 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵亘

    2007-01-01

    在2006年初首届培训班成功举办的基础上,第二届全国德语专业青年教师培训班于2007年7月16日至20日在同济大学举办。本次培训由教育部专业外语教学指导委员会德语组联手歌德学院北京分院主办,同济大学德语系承办。来自全国各地共29所高校的42名青年教师学员以及分别来自全国5所高校和歌德学院北京分院的6名培训教师汇聚盛夏中的上海,就教案设计,听力、会话和阅读三项技能训练以及德语专业四级考试专题等内容进行了探讨与交流。

  14. ,,Altes Fass mit neuem Wein" -über die Etablierung des Faches Deutsch als Fremdsprache (DaF)%"旧瓶装新酒"--初探"对外德语"(DaF)专业领域

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金秀芳

    2005-01-01

    德语作为外国语(DaF)在教学上具有悠久的传统,但作为学科,DaF直到上世纪70年代末80年代初才以不同的形态、不同的名称和不同的专业关联出现在德语地区.创立这一学科的目的在于培养高素质的语言教师以满足不断增长的德语语言课程的需求.本文介绍了该学科发展的历史背景及其目前在德国高校中的情况,阐述了其基本内容、学科的重要性和重点.最后展望了该学科在中国的发展前景.

  15. 从数据与实例看世纪之交中国的德国文学研究%Beurteilung der Forschung über deutsche Literatur in China zur Jahrhundertwende mit Daten und Beispielen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞仪方

    2001-01-01

    本文以人大复印报刊资料刊登的"索引"以及有关学术刊物发表的相关论文为基础,从数据统计与论文分析两个方面,对近年来中国的德国文学研究作粗略的透析.

  16. Amended EC Directive on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants. Implications for German power plants; Neue EG-Richtlinie fuer Grossfeuerungsanlagen. Folgerungen fuer deutsche Kraftwerke

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hildebrand, M. [Verband der Elektrizitaetswirtschaft - VDEW - e.V., Frankfurt (Germany). Bereich Recht und Umwelt

    2002-03-11

    The article highlights the major improvements in terms of reducing emissions from large combustion plants, comparing the new limiting values and specifications with those of the former Directive. As Germany is obliged to transform the new EC Directive into national law within twelve months from its entry into force, an amendment of the respective German regulation can be expected soon. (orig./CB) [German] Mit der im Herbst 2001 durch das Europaeische Parlament und den Umweltministerrat verabschiedeten Novelle der Grossfeuerungsanlagen-Richtlinie hat die Europaeische Union einen markanten, laengst ueberfaelligen Schritt zur EU-weiten Angleichung der emissionsseitigen Anforderungen an grosse Feuerungsanlagen unternommen. Mit dem Inkrafttreten der novellierten Grossfeuerungsanlagen-Richtlinie wurde aber auch der formale Anstoss fuer eine Aktualisierung der deutschen Grossfeuerungsanlagen-Verordnung (13.BImSchV) gegeben. (orig./CB)

  17. Questões de interculturalidade no ensino da língua alemã como segunda língua DaZ (Deutsch als Zweitsprache: o caso dos "ovinhos de Páscoa" (Ostereier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Maria Guimarães Savedra

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article offers a short overview about the teaching of German in Brazil. Following the concepts and dimensions of bilingualism and bilinguality, it identifies the teaching of German as a second language and deals with the aspect of the intercultural learning in two bilingual schools in Rio de Janeiro, where the German language is defined as language and culture 2. This paper proposes a reflection on the issue of interculturalism within the theme that surrounds Easter eggs as an illustrative example of the way a holiday is celebrated in bilingual school contexts. This study is based on a sociocultural perspective of language, focusing on the relationship between language, identity and social structure.

  18. Atomic energy law after the opt-out. Alive and fascinating. Report about the 14{sup th} German atomic energy law symposium 2012; Atomrecht nach dem Ausstieg. Lebendig und spannend. Tagungsbericht 14. Deutsches Atomrechtssymposium 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leidinger, Tobias [Gleiss Lutz Rechtsanwaelte, Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2013-01-15

    Atomic energy law remains a living, fascinating subject matter. Nearly 200 participants were convinced of this impression at the 14{sup th} German Atomic Energy Law Symposium held in Berlin on November 19-20, 2012. Under the scientific chairmanship of Professor Dr. Martin Burgi, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), after an interruption of 5 years, again organized a scientific conference about practice-related topics of atomic energy and radiation protection law. Atomic energy law once again proved to be a reference area for sophisticated issues of constitutional law and administrative law above and beyond its technical confines. The agenda of the 14{sup th} German Atomic Energy Law Symposium featured a broad spectrum of topics ranging from backfitting of nuclear power plants to European atomic energy and radiation protection law, to challenges facing national legal systems in the execution of atomic energy law, to legal issues connected with decommissioning and waste management, and on to the topical subject of finding a repository site. The 14{sup th} German Atomic Energy Law Symposium, on the whole, again demonstrated that an open discourse between science and practice is able to furnish important contributions to the implementation of laws in a balanced way rooted in practice. Especially the contributions dealing with the independence of public authorities and their organization, the doctrine of the reservation of functions of the executive branch, and planning by laws contain additional provisions able to influence the continued development of administrative law also above and beyond atomic energy law. The BMU also referred to a decision just heard from Brussels to the effect that a new European Safety Directive would be published as early as in 2013. As a consequence of the nuclear stress tests conducted EU-wide, the Directive is to lay down provisions about transparency, material safety standards, and the separation of regulatory and supervisory authorities. In this way, the Commission opens up a broad field of topics which will ensure, also beyond the 14{sup th} German Atomic Energy Law Symposium, that atomic energy law will remain a living, fascinating subject matter. (orig.)

  19. Physical fundamentals of climate and climate models. Main research programme of Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, 1978-1985. Final report. Physikalische Grundlagen des Klimas und Klimamodelle. Forschungsschwerpunkt der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft, 1978-1985. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wippermann, F.

    1988-01-01

    The results of the main point of research 'Physical Fundamentals of Climate and Climate Models' of the German Research Council (DFG) are summarized. Time series analyses, sensitivity of the global climate, blockings, variability of global pressure fields and geopotential fields, circulation models as well as statistical tests of theories are demonstrated by examples under the heading 'global climate'. In the second part (mesoscale climate) the regional field experiments MESOKLIP, DISKUS, PUKK and MERKUR are described and single phenomena and their numeric simulation are dealt with. This includes the canalization of the air flow in valleys, thermal wind systems as well as ground layer jet streams. A bibliography contains original papers, theses and reports written within the framework of the research progamme.

  20. The German energy policy as a consequence of Fukushima. The scientific discussion between nuclear phase-out and economic growth; Die deutsche ''Energiewende'' nach Fukushima. Der wissenschaftliche Diskurs zwischen Atomausstieg und Wachstumsdebatte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radtke, Joerg [Bremen Univ. (Germany). Arbeitsgruppe fuer Energie und Infrastruktur; Hennig, Bettina (ed.) [Forschungsstelle Nachhaltigkeit und Klimapolitik, Leipzig (Germany)

    2013-07-01

    The book on the German energy policy as a consequence includes the following contributions: The German energy turnaround - scientific contributions. The energy turnaround in Germany - issue of interdisciplinary science. The transformation of the energy systems as social and technical challenge, - on the need of integrating energy research. Transformations and transformation blockades in the German energy system. The German energy turnaround in the context of international best practice. Energy turnaround also in Japan? - The chances of a nuclear phase-out. Possibilities and limits of public participation for the realization of an energy turnaround. Public energy in Germany - a model for participation? A plea for a comprehensive analysis of the energy turnaround in relation to the omnipresent crisis. Challenges and development in the German energy industry - consequences of the increasing percentage of renewable energies on the costs and the security of supply. Research funding and innovation promotion in the area of selected renewable energies. The economic chances of an energy turnaround. The need of appropriate monetary boundary conditions for the energy turnaround and the possibilities of an organization. The human factor in the context of the energy turnaround - environmental-psychological research approaches. The legal contribution to the energy turnaround. Vulnerability and resilience of energy systems. Geography of renewable energies -spatial constraints of a sustainable energy system. Critics and alternatives: The German energy turnaround that is no turnaround.

  1. Protection in nuclear medicine and ultrasound diagnostic procedures in children. NCRP report no. 73 - German translation. Schutz in der nuklearmedizinischen und sonographischen Diagnostik bei Kindern. NCRP-Bericht Nr. 73 - Deutsche Uebersetzung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fendel, H.; Stieve, F.E.

    1988-01-01

    This report considers the special problems of radiation protection and the biological effects of radiation associated with pediatric nuclear medicine and the biological implications from studies using ultrasound in pediatric patients. Nuclear medicine and ultrasound equipment are considered in general terms with special emphasis on specific application to the pediatric patient. The report includes a section devoted to the estimation of radiation dose, from a selected group of commonly used radionuclides (Cr-51, Ga-67, Tc-99m, In-111, I-123, I-131), as derived from several pediatric phantoms. This report also presents an appendix with an extensive tabulation of mean doses per cumulative activity (S values).

  2. Wie nutzen deutsche Tiermedizinerinnen und Tiermediziner soziale Netzwerke? Eine Untersuchung am Beispiel des tiermedizinischen Netzwerks „NOVICE“ [How do German veterinarians use social networks? A study, using the example of the 'NOVICE' veterinary medicine network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schaper, Elisabeth

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available [english] Objective: NOVICE (Network Of Veterinary ICT in Education, , is a professional online social network for veterinarians, lecturers and students of veterinary medicine as well as for e-Learning advisers and others working in establishments that teach veterinary medicine. This study sets out to investigate to what extent German veterinarians, lecturers, students of veterinary medicine and e-Learning representatives would accept a specialist network, what requirements would have to be met by an online social network, how to use web 2.0 tools , and what advantages a specialist network could offer. Methodology: The investigation was carried out by analysing data from the Elgg platform database as well as using Google Analytics. Annual focus group surveys and individual interviews were carried out in order to perform an analysis of acceptance among network users.Results: 1961 users from 73 different countries registered on the NOVICE site between 1 September 2010 and 21 March 2012. Germany represents the biggest user group, with 565 users (28.81%. During this period, most individual hits on the website came from Germany too. In total, 24.83% of all members are active, while 19.22% of German members participate actively. In terms of gender, there are significantly more female members than male members, both in the NOVICE network as a whole as well as in Germany. The most used web 2.0 tools are chat and email messaging services as well as writing wikis and contributing to forum discussions. The focus group surveys showed that respondents generally make use of other online communities too. Active members generally use more web 2.0 tools than in other networks, while passive members are generally more reluctant in all networks. All participants of the survey welcomed the idea of having a network specifically set up for the profession and believe that it could be very useful for veterinary medicine.Conclusions: The network and its membership figures developed very positively during the assessed time period. Until now, the focus of the content of contributions in NOVICE (Network of Veterinary ICT in Education has been on veterinary medicine teaching supported by e-Learning. An increase in the number of members would, however, be beneficial in order to further develop the network so that valuable exchange of information and informal learning can also take place in other specialist areas of veterinary medicine. [german] Zielsetzung: NOVICE (Network Of Veterinary ICt in Education, ist ein soziales professionelles online-Netzwerk für Tiermediziner, Dozierende und Studierende der Tiermedizin sowie für E-Learning-Berater bzw. Didaktiker der veterinärmedizinischen Bildungsstätten. In dieser Arbeit sollte untersucht werden, wie die Akzeptanz bei deutschen Tierärzten, Dozierenden und Studierenden der Veterinärmedizin sowie E-Learning-Beauftragten für ein fachspezifisches Netzwerk ist, welche Anforderungen durch die Nutzer an soziale online-Netzwerke gestellt werden, wie der Umgang mit Web 2.0-Werkzeugen , erfolgt und welches Potential ein berufsspezifisches Netzwerk bieten könnte. Methodik: Die Untersuchung erfolgte mittels Datenanalyse durch die Datenbank der Elgg-Plattform sowie zusätzlich mit google analytics. Jährliche Fokusgruppenbefragungen und Einzelinterviews wurden durchgeführt, um eine Akzeptanzanalyse der Netzwerk-Nutzer vorzunehmen.Ergebnisse: In NOVICE haben sich zwischen dem 01. September 2010 und 21. März 2012 1961 Mitglieder aus 73 Ländern registriert, dabei hat Deutschland mit 565 Nutzern (28,81% den größten Anteil. In diesem Zeitraum kamen auch die meisten Einzelbesuche der Webseite aus Deutschland. Insgesamt sind im Netzwerk 24,83% aller Mitglieder und 19,22% der deutschen Mitglieder aktiv. In Bezug auf das Geschlecht befinden sich sowohl in Hinblick auf alle Mitglieder als auch auf die deutschen Mitglieder deutlich mehr Frauen als Männer in NOVICE. Die am häufigsten verwendeten Web 2.0-Werkzeuge sind das Versenden von Chat- und Email-Nachrichten sowie das Schreiben von Wiki- und Diskussionsbeiträgen. Aus den Fokusgruppenbefragungen ging hervor, dass von den Befragten in der Regel auch andere online-communities in Anspruch genommen werden, die aktiven Mitglieder mehr Web 2.0-Werkzeuge nutzen als in anderen Netzwerken, während die passiven Mitglieder in allen Netzwerken eher zurückhaltend sind. Über ein eigenes berufsständisches Netzwerk zu verfügen, begrüßten alle Teilnehmer der Befragung und sahen darin ein großes Potential für die Veterinärmedizin.Schlussfolgerung: Die Entwicklung des Netzwerkes sowie die Zahl der Mitglieder sind in diesem Zeitraum durchaus positiv zu bewerten. Bisher liegt der inhaltliche Fokus der Beiträge dem Namen des Netzwerkes (Network Of Veterinary ICt in Education entsprechend auf der durch E-Learning unterstützten veterinärmedizinischen Lehre. Für die Weiterentwicklung des Netzwerkes wäre ein Zuwachs der Mitgliederzahl jedoch wünschenswert, damit in anderen veterinärmedizinischen Fachgebieten ebenfalls hochwertiger Informationsaustausch und informelles Lernen stattfinden können.

  3. The impact of the Russian lobbying on the German and European energy policy. The case Gazprom; Die Auswirkung der russischen Lobbyarbeit auf die deutsche und europaeische Energiepolitik. Das Fallbeispiel Gazprom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milaqi, Bledar

    2012-11-01

    The author of the contribution under consideration reports on the relationship between Germany, the European Union and Gazprom (Moscow, Russia). The author supports the hypothesis that Gazprom pushes the idea of an immediate common European energy strategy by its activities and impacts the German and European energy policy. The aspects of the participation of the Russian politics in the strategic decision-making bodies of Gazprom in key situations are elucidated.

  4. Energy policy in Germany upon Fukushima. The impact of the nuclear accident on the German energy policy; Energiepolitik in Deutschland nach Fukushima. Der Einfluss des Atomungluecks auf die deutsche Energiepolitik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellnhofer, Martin

    2012-11-01

    The author of the book under consideration analyzes the media reports of the daily newspapers ''Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung'', ''Sueddeutsche Zeitung'' and ''Die Zeit'' with respect to the influence of the nuclear accident in Fukushima on the German energy policy. The author examines the background to the current energy policy debate. A holistic approach is used to understand the political decisions. The holistic approach describes the energy policy discourse since the beginning of the planned nuclear phase-out in the year 1998. Thus, the holistic approach is a prerequisite for a comparative analysis of the discourses.

  5. Sensitivity mapping of the German North Sea Coast II. Data update and development of an operational model for precaution measures of oil spill response; Sensititivaetsraster Deutsche Nordseekueste II. Aktualisierung und Erstellung eines operationellen Modells zur Vorsorgeplanung bei der Oelbekaempfung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernem, K.H. van; Doerffer, R.; Heymann, K.; Kleeberg, U.; Krasemann, H.; Schiller, H. [GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Kuestenforschung; Grohnert, A.; Reichert, J. [IfaB - Institut fuer Angewandte Biologie Freiburg/Niederelbe (Germany); Reichert, M. [ARCADIS, Rostock (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    The Wadden Sea is an area of tidal flats and salt marshes extending between the North Sea coasts of Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands. It has enormous value as a cleansing site for North Sea water, as a nursery for young fish and as a feeding ground for many bird species. Due to the proximity of important shipping routes and harbours, this region is especially threatened by oil spills. Thus, for oil spill response and precaution measures, a sensitivity study of the entire intertidal area was badly needed in order to assess and minimize the potential ecological and economical damage. Based on comprehensive field surveys and in close cooperation with the Central Command for Maritime Emergencies, an automated expert-model for the german part of Wadden Sea areas was developed at the Institute for Coastal Research (GKSS-Research Centre). As an operational model it will serve as important instrument for decision making processes, precautionary measures and the further design of oil spill response strategies. Since it is not possible to protect the entire German North Sea coast equally at all levels, oil spill contingency planning requires a more detailed classification. For this reason, individual soft bottom habitats, communities and stocks of saltmarshes, macrofauna, waterfowl and estuarine biotop types were evaluated and classified according to their vulnerability to oil pollution. Hence, the fieldwork for habitat mapping during 2003-2006 was a central part of the study. For this part, the experiences and results obtained from the previous GKSS-project ''Thematic mapping and sensitivity study of Intertidal flats'' during the years 1987-1992 served as an valuable basis. For example, the documentation of changes during these periods of observation provides information on stability features of the ecosystems. During the first project nearly 5000 locations were processed and characterised using about 70 parameters for each site. The in-situ mapping was a combination of estimated and measured values, collected along a grid net of locations with 1 km interval. The estimated values, including biotic and abiotic parameters, were documented using a standardised protocol. They comprised, for example, information on the presence of micro- and macroalgae, surface structure and sediment characteristics. The measured values included grain size, shear strength, water content of sediments as well as the macrofauna species present. The sensitivity of each location was calculated using an automated expert system developed at GKSS and based on neural network techniques and advanced classification methods (treefit). The design of this model will enable the ''Central Command for Maritime Emergencies'', as the main-user and sponsor of the present project, to calculate the spatio-temporal sensitivity of intertidal areas without extensive further expert assistance.

  6. Bestandsaufnahme, Reflexionen und Aussichten der Bildung im Studiengang deutsche Rechtswissenschaft im gegenw(a)rtigen China%当代中国德国法学教育的现状、反思与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史广龙; 张文婷; 邵长茂

    2006-01-01

    改革开放以来,由于中国法治社会进程的不断推进和中德两国在法治领域合作的加强,中国的德国法学教育取得了很大的进展,但同时也暴露出了很多问题.如何总结经验并加以扬弃和取舍,是所有有志于德国法学研究和学习的中国人必须要面对和解决的问题.本文综合二十多年来国内德国法学教育的情况,描述现状,进行反思,翘首展望.

  7. 德国姊妹会与黔滇川边民族教育%Deutsche christliche Schwesternschaft und Bildung der nationalen Minderheiten an Grenzen der Provinz Guizhou,Yunnan und Sichuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    东人达

    2004-01-01

    20世纪初,德国东部基督教新教姊妹会的女传教士来到贵州省大方县传教.她们的传教努力成效不大.但却在推进中国少数民族教育事业方面作出了显著的成就,并在社会慈善活动方面也有建树.本文对此将作详细叙述.

  8. The German atomic law on trial. The requirements of the EURATOM Nuclear Safety Directive; Deutsches Atomrecht auf dem Pruefstand. Die Anforderungen aus der EURATOM-Richtlinie zur nuklearen Sicherheit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller-Dehn, Christian [E.ON Kernkraft GmbH, Hannover (Germany). Nuclear Regulation and Policy

    2016-05-15

    The EURATOM Directive on Nuclear Safety, dated 8 July 2014, is to be transposed into national law, not later than 15 August 2017. This raises the question of whether and to what extent by then the German atomic energy act is adapted to the respective requirements. On national level requirements have to be implemented now, that are already not effective. This includes the introduction of thematic peer reviews and, if necessary, regulations for the independence and effectiveness of the regulatory authorities. Here - but only here - is a need for implementation.

  9. Research work at the German-French Institute for Environmental Research on the transfer and fate of volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons in porous groundwater aquifers; Forschungsarbeiten am Deutsch-Franzoesischen Institut fuer Umweltforschung zum Transfer und Verbleib von LCKW in Porengrundwasserleitern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaefer, G.; Bohy, M.; Dridi, L.; Pollet, I.; Razakarisoa, O.; Zeru, A. [IMFS-IFARE, UMR 7507 ULP-CNRS, Strasbourg (France); Nex, F. [IMFS-IFARE, UMR 7507 ULP-CNRS, Strasbourg (France)]|[BURGEAP, Strasbourg-Lyon (France); Bano, M. [IPGS, UMR 7516 ULP-CNRS, Strasbourg (France); Barczewski, B. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Wasserbau; Merheb, F. [BURGEAP, Strasbourg-Lyon (France)

    2005-07-01

    The research work carried out over the past two years was concerned with experiments and studies on field sites and numerical modelling of the dispersal and transfer of volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons in porous media. In terms of its content this work contributes to REALISE, the Alsatian Environmental Research Network, which receives funds from the Alsatian state/region planning contract (2000 - 2006). Its scientific goals are specifically oriented to characterising heterogeneities of the subsoil and the distribution of pollutants in the saturated and unsaturated soil zone by means of various techniques such as light guide probes or georadar. Our approach was based on observing the relevant transport processes using a hierarchy of three levels: laboratory, SCERES large-scale experimental plant and field site.

  10. Serial production of micro KWK with Stirling engine has started. German distribution network in construction - public utilities are one of the crowds; Serienfertigung Mikro-KWK mit Stirlingmotor gestartet. Deutsches Vertriebsnetz im Aufbau - EVUs mit von der Partie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2009-06-15

    Small station in Zuidbroek at Groningen in the Dutch Westfriesland: In front of customers, suppliers and co-workers, the local company MagicBoiler presented the first serially manufactured Whispergen aggregate. It is a micro combined heat and power station with Stirling engine and an electrical performance of 1 kW as well as a thermal performance of 8 kW.

  11. Neuropathological research at the "Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Psychiatrie" (German Institute for Psychiatric Research) in Munich (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institute). Scientific utilization of children's organs from the "Kinderfachabteilungen" (Children's Special Departments) at Bavarian State Hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steger, Florian

    2006-09-01

    During National Socialism, the politically motivated interest in psychiatric genetic research lead to the founding of research departments specialized in pathological-anatomical brain research, the two Kaiser Wilhelm-Institutes (KWI) in Berlin and Munich. The latter was indirectly provided with brain material by Bavarian State Hospitals, to three of which "Kinderfachabteilungen" (Special Pediatric Units) were affiliated. As children became victims of the systematically conducted child "euthanasia" in these Special Pediatric Units, this paper will address the question whether and to which extent the organs from victims of child "euthanasia" were used for (neuro-) pathological research at the KWI in Munich. By means of case studies and medical histories (with focus on the situation in Kaufbeuren-Irsee), I will argue that pediatric departments on a regular base delivered slide preparations, that the child "euthanasia" conduced in these departments systematically contributed to neuropathological research and that slide preparations from victims of child "euthanasia" were used in scientific publications after 1945.

  12. German co-operation in the IEA WG 'Materials in Solar Thermal Collectors'. Final report; Deutsche Mitarbeit in der IEA - Arbeitsgruppe 'Materials in Solar Thermal Collectors'. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koehl, M.; Heck, M.; Kuebler, V.; Steinhart, J.

    2000-07-01

    To effectively select, use and maintain a material in a given application, its degradation under service conditions must be predicted prior to use. Preferably, the durability of the material should be expressed quantitatively in terms of an expected service life. Durability in this case is the ability of a material to withstand deterioration caused by all external factors in the environment, which may influence the performance of the material under service conditions. Service life is defined as the period of time after installation during which specific material properties important for the performance of the material meet or exceed minimum acceptable values. The present recommended qualification procedure for solar absorber surface durability is based on the conduct of a series of short term durability tests. During a test the optical performance of absorber surface tested is determined by measuring its solar absorptance and thermal emittance. From the loss in optical performance of absorber surface, its failure time in the test performed is assessed and compared with the shortest acceptable failure time set by the design service life of absorber. Design service life, performance requirement defining failure time in terms of loss in optical performance, classification of type and levels of environmental stress are set under the assumption, that the absorber surface tested will be installed in a flat plate solar collector for use in domestic hot water systems. (orig.)

  13. Die Vergangenheitstempora als Lehr- und Lerngegenstand im Fach "Deutsch als Fremdsprache" (The Past Tenses as a Topic of Teaching and Learning in the Field of "German as a Foreign Language)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latzel, Sigbert

    1974-01-01

    Evaluates tenses as to (1) communicative importance, (2) frequency, and (3) range. Under (1), finds actual tense less important than accompanying adverbials and extra-linguistic factors. Discusses chief difficulties appearing in use and interpretation of past tenses, and how the results of linguistic research may help to deal with them. (Text is…

  14. (Hochschul-) Lehrer Frantzen. Ein Stück Geschichte des ‘Hoch’ und ‘Tief’ in der Germanistik und der Lehrerausbildung Deutsch an der Universität Utrecht

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herrlitz, Wolfgang

    2009-01-01

    This contribution portrays J.J.A.A. Frantzen (1853 – 1923), the first Germanic scholar with a chair in Utrecht, as a teacher and professor of German. The author reaches the conclusion that even after a century the relation between philology and language teaching is still problematic. To counter this

  15. Development of a central information system, communication system and cooperation system for the German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (IKK-DAS); Aufbau eines zentralen Informations-, Kommunikations- und Kooperationssystems fuer die Deutsche Anpassungsstrategie an den Klimawandel (IKK-DAS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bloser, Marcus [IKU GmbH, Dortmund (Germany); Venjakob, Johannes [Wuppertal Institut fuer Klima, Umwelt, Energie GmbH, Wuppertal (Germany); Wilforth, Stephan [tetraeder.com GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

    2010-03-15

    The research project started in April, 2008 before adoption of the cabinet report of the Federal Government to the German strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change. The German Strategy for Adaptation emphasizes the meaning of information about requirements for adaptation and the active involvement of all social groups in the other process of the strategy. For this the research project has made concrete proposals for the information, communication and participation of social groups. These proposals are based in the essentials on an interest analysis about interviews with stakeholders and the economy to their demands and expectations to the German strategy for Adaptation. Besides we have researched international examples for the adaptation to the climate change for the public relations. For the interactive development of the Internet platform www.anpassung.net concrete proposals were developed. (orig.)

  16. Bunsen meeting 2000: 99. general meeting of Deutsche Bunsen-Gesellschaft fuer Physikalische Chemie e.V. - chemical and electrochemical energy storage and energy conversion; Bunsentagung 2000. Chemische und Elektrochemische Energie-Speicherung und -Wandlung mit Industriesymposium Batterien und Brennstoffzellen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stimming, U.; Wokaun, A.; Sandstede, G.; Mund, K. [comps.

    2000-07-01

    This proceedings volume contains abstracts of research reports and posters in the field of accumulators and fuel cells. [German] Dieser Tagungsband enthaelt Kurzfassungen von Fortschrittsberichten und Kurzvortraegen auf dem Gebiet der Batterien und Brennstoffzellen.

  17. Not a bad result. German solar producers were able to retain their world market share in 2010; Nicht schlecht geschlagen. Deutsche Solarfirmen konnten im Jahr 2010 ihren Weltmarktanteil in etwa halten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krause, Matthias B.; Podewils, Christoph

    2011-01-15

    The German solar industry was quite successful in 2010. More silicon, solar wafers, solar cells, solar modules, and current inverters were produced and sold than in the year before. Expectations for 2011 are good, and many producers intend to enhance their production capacities as this is the only way to keep up. Fast growth, cost reduction, and the development of interesting markets abroad are key elements of success.

  18. Kulturelle Aspekte bei der Ubersetzung technischer Texte deutsch-portugiesisch (brasilianisch): Theorie und Praxis (Cultural Aspects of the Translation of Technical Texts from German into Portuguese (Brazilian): Theory and Practice).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junior, Joao Azenha

    1996-01-01

    The belief in the unambiguity of specialist texts relies upon a conception of translation limited to purely linguistic levels and a central concept of "stable meanings." From the recognition that specialist texts are, to a great degree, linked to cultural and situational contexts, criteria important for the realization and evaluation of…

  19. 《中德四季晨昏杂咏》(之八)的译文鉴赏%Appreciation of the Translation of Chinesisch-Deutsche Jahres-und Tageszeiten(Ⅷ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹霞

    2014-01-01

    在诗歌翻译中,译文会因为译者的不同在风格上表现出差异.然而,译文的质量不外乎经受形美、音美和意美的考量.译者应从本国读者的文化背景上结合时代的脉搏来进行“再创造”,做到形式、音律和意蕴的完美统一.歌德的诗歌《中德四季晨昏杂咏》(之八)的四种中文译本各有特色,均在不同程度上实现了“三美”的融合.

  20. Practical evaluation model of environmental and climate protection issues for the use of biogas with comparative applications in Germany and China; Praktisches Bewertungsmodell von Umwelt- und Klimaschutzaspekten fuer die Nutzung von Biogas im deutsch-chinesischen Vergleich

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Chenxing

    2010-03-15

    Climate protection is the greatest environmental challenge. Recently, the interaction between climate change and constantly scarcer fossil fuels provides a boom in renewable energy. Of these, the use of biogas in Germany is a key component of renewable energy beside projects for wind energy and solar energy. In China, the situation of utilizing biogas is complicated, but also has become increasingly important. The author of the contribution under consideration identifies the key environmental issues and issues of climatic change. An evaluation modell is developed. Potential differences in the use of biogas in Germany and China are compared and discussed.

  1. [Participation of hospital nephrology departments in outpatient dialysis care. Joint Statement of the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nephrologie (DGfN)«, »Verband leitender Klinikärzte in der Nephrologie (VLKN)«, »Verband Deutsche Nierenzentren (DN) e. V.« , »KfH Kuratorium für Dialyse und Nierentransplantation e. V.« and »PHV - Der Dialysepartner Patienten-Heimversorgung«].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floege, Jürgen; Alscher, Mark Dominik; Bach, Dieter; Dähne, Werner; Daschner, Michael; Kuhlmann, Martin

    2015-09-01

    The proposals by health care providers to impose drastic limits on chronic dialysis in hospitals to the extent that it can only be provided on loss-making terms, will jeopardize the cost efficiency of nephrological departments in hospitals and hence their continued existence. Such departments play a key role within the discipline, however, as the training of nephrologists is tied to them by further training regulations. The authors take the view that the proposals by health care providers are short-sighted with regard to the quality of care and the safeguarding of care in the future, and that they counteract the goals of quality assurance currently dominating the health policy agenda. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  2. SolarBau:MONITOR - energy efficiency and solar energy use in non-domestic buildings - concepts and buildings 2000; SolarBau:MONITOR - Energieeffizienz und Solarenergienutzung im Nichtwohnungsbau - Konzepte und Bauten. Journal 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voss, K. [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Solare Energiesysteme (ISE), Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany). Gruppe Solares Bauen; Loehnert, G. [Solidar Planungsgesellschaft Architekten und Ingenieure, Berlin (Germany); Wagner, A. [Karlsruhe Univ. (T.H.) (Germany). Fakultaet fuer Architektur

    2001-07-01

    The projecting experience and performance data of many demonstration projects are presented here. The buildings described are office buildings, administrative buildings and industrial buildings whose architecture and energy concepts vary considerably. The text is supplemented by many pictures and illustration. The subject matter is presented in a concise and practically oriented manner. [German] Im Journal 2000 des wissenschaftlichen Begleitforschungsprojekts SolarBau: MONITOR sind die Planungserfahrungen und Betriebsergebnisse aus vielen Demonstrationsprojekten zusammengestellt. Die Buero-, Verwaltungs- und Gewerbegebaeude (d.h. Nichtwohnungsbau) haben sehr verschiedene Gebaeude- und Energiekonzepte. Gerade deshalb ist es interessant, wie diese im Journal 2000 unter den Aspekten wie 'Tageslichtnutzung', 'Waermeschutz', 'Kuehlung', 'Elektrizitaet', 'Solartechnik' miteinander verglichen werden. Die graphisch gut gestaltete Darstellung auf 80 Seiten wird unterstuetzt durch viele Fotos und Abbildungen und gewinnt durch die praxisnahe Aufbereitung, die in Zusammenarbeit mit den Planungsteams erfolgt ist. (orig.)

  3. 鲁迅外文藏书提要(一则)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春洁

    2011-01-01

    易卜生《娜拉,或玩偶之家》 Ibsen, Henrik. Nora, oder Ein Puppenheim. Schauspiel in drei Aufziigen. Deutsch yon Wilhelm Lange. Einzig autorisierte deutsche Ausgabe. Leipzig, P. Reclam, 1880.

  4. 76 FR 31222 - Identification of Enforceable Rules and Orders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Rebecca G. Deutsch, Office of the General Counsel, CFPB, 1801 L Street, NW., Washington, DC 20036, rebecca.deutsch@treasury.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Act, on the...

  5. Surgery May Be Best for Advanced Melanoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... patients long-term," said study leader Dr. Gary Deutsch, a cancer surgeon at Northwell Health in Great ... within the belly is rare. For the study, Deutsch and his team analyzed the medical records of ...

  6. The ERP-energy saving programme - promotion of wind energy plants in Germany; ERP-Energiesparprogramm - Foerderung von Windkraftanlagen in Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beland, J. [VESTAS Deutschland GmbH, Husum (Germany)

    1994-12-31

    An overview of conditions of Deutsche Ausgleichsbank that need to be fulfilled in order to obtain loans under the ERP-programme. (HW) [Deutsch] Bericht ueber die Vergabebedingungen der Deutschen Ausgleichsbank zur Kreditgewaehrung innerhalb des ERP-Programms. (HW)

  7. 76 FR 27863 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A318-112, A319-111, A319-112, A319-115, A319-132, A319-133...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... been detected on terminal modules Part Number (P/N) NSA 937901M1604, manufactured by Deutsch, due to an... on terminal modules Part Number (P/N) NSA 937901M1604, manufactured by Deutsch, due to an... Number (P/N) NSA 937901M1604, manufactured by Deutsch, due to an insufficient crimping of the female...

  8. National Information Systems Security Conference (19th) held in Baltimore, Maryland on October 22-25, 1996. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-10-25

    Western expatriates Thailand South Korea Japan Taiwan Malaysia (including Sarawak and Sabah) Australia Singapore Philippines Asian expatriates...court order by a Bavarian judge. On January 26. 1996, Deutsche Telekom blocked subscribers from accessing alleged anti-Semitic websites on the T...Deutsche Telekom move largely irrelevant. In January 1996 Deutsche Telekom blocked access to the Santa Cruz, California-based Web Communications

  9. 77 FR 19394 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1... ``Combination'') of NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). The Holdco Proposal...

  10. 77 FR 19396 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... Between NYSE Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012. Pursuant to Section... business combination (the ``Combination'') of NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B...

  11. 77 FR 19391 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... NYSE Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b... business combination (the ``Combination'') of NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B...

  12. 75 FR 51134 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... the FWB Frankfurter Wertpapierb rse (Frankfurt Stock Exchange) and traded on the Xetra trading system operated by Deutsche B rse AG (``DBAG''). DBAG is regulated by the German Federal Financial Supervisory.... \\7\\ See ``Guide to the Equity Indices of Deutsche B rse,'' at http://www.deutsche-boerse.com...

  13. 76 FR 65288 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ..., and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). NYSE Euronext owns 100% of the equity interest of NYSE Group, Inc., a... will be substantially the same as the Proposed Rule Change. Deutsche B rse indirectly owns 50% of...

  14. 76 FR 65272 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). NYSE Euronext owns 100% of the equity interest.... Deutsche B rse indirectly owns 50% of the equity interest of International Securities Exchange...

  15. 77 FR 19400 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... NYSE Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012 Pursuant to Section 19(b... business combination (the ``Combination'') of NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B...

  16. 77 FR 19397 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) \\1... combination (the ``Combination'') of NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). The...

  17. 77 FR 19399 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... Combination Between NYSE Euronext and Deutsche B rse AG Will Not Become Effective March 26, 2012. Pursuant to... Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). The Holdco Proposal was conditionally approved by the...

  18. 76 FR 65230 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and Deutsche B rse AG, an Aktiengesellschaft organized under the laws of the Federal Republic of Germany (``Deutsche B rse''). NYSE Euronext owns 100% of the equity interest.... Deutsche B rse indirectly owns 50% of the equity interest of International Securities Exchange...

  19. Siting of nuclear power plants in accordance with the scenario of a ''fossil nuclear energy mix'' prepared by the CDU/CSU and FDP in the inquiry commission of the Bundestag on ''Sustainable energy supply in times of globalisation and deregulation''. Short study; Standortbestimmung fuer Kernkraftwerke gemaess dem von CDU/CSU und FDP definierten Szenario 'fossil-nuklearer Energiemix' der Enquete-Kommission 'Nachhaltige Energieversorgung unter den Bedingungen der Globalisierung und der Liberalisierung' des Deutschen Bundestages. Kurzstudie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benik, G.; Gundelach, T.

    2002-08-28

    In effect the present study makes concrete proposals for the installation of a nuclear power plant capacity of 91.8 GW as determined by the CDU/CSU and FDP in the inquiry commission on ''Sustainable development''. Because of the infrastructural requirements and the large number of plants that would have to be planned in Germany alone these siting proposals must be regarded as an outline for the implementation of a nuclear climate protection strategy. Without extensive assessment work a short study such as this cannot of course replace the detailed planning that would be required for authorisation procedures. The primary benefit of the study is that it makes clear the true consequences of a nuclear climate protection policy that is now being discussed as a hypothetical possibility. [German] Die vorliegende Studie macht im Ergebnis entsprechend der Aufgabenstellung konkrete Vorschlaege fuer die Bereitstellung der im von CDU/CSU und FDP in der Enquete-Kommission ''Nachhaltige Entwicklung'' definierten Szenario ''Fossilnuklearer Energiemix'' ermittelten nuklearen Kraftwerksleistung von 91,8 GW Diese Standortvorschlaege muessen angesichts der infrastrukturellen Anforderungen und der grossen Zahl von zu planenden Anlagen allein innerhalb der Grenzen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland als Anhaltspunkte fuer die Umsetzung einer nuklearen Klimaschutzstrategie herangezogen werden. Dabei kann eine Kurzstudie selbstverstaendlich ohne umfaengliche Pruefung keine detaillierten Planungen ersetzen, welche im Rahmen entsprechender Genehmigungsverfahren erforderlich sind. Der Nutzen der Studie besteht in erster Linie darin, deutlich vor Augen zu fuehren, welche realen Konsequenzen eine zur Zeit noch hypothetisch gefuehrte Diskussion ueber den Einsatz der Kernkraft zum Klimaschutz hat. (orig.)

  20. 30. MPA-Seminar 'Safety and reliability in energy technology' in conjunction with the 9th German-Japanese seminar. Vol. 2 (Papers 27-53); 30. MPA-Seminar 'Sicherheit und Verfuegbarkeit in der Energietechnik' in Verbindung mit dem 9. Deutsch-Japanischen Seminar. Bd. 2 (Vortraege 27-53)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roos, E. (comp.)

    2004-07-01

    he 30th MPA-seminar on ''Safety and Availability in Energy Engineering'' was held in conjuction with the 9th German-Japanese Seminar. The 52 contributions were published in two volumes. Volume 1 contains the contributions to the following sessions: fracture mechanics, fatigue, welding, environmental impact and European research projects. Volume 2 contains contributions of sessions 6-9: high-temperature application, modelling-simulation, ageing management and non-destructive testing. (uke)