WorldWideScience

Sample records for des generals carl

  1. Carl Schmitt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Anne-Marie Eggert

    2007-01-01

    En analyse af Carl Schmitts argumentation og begrebsbrug ved etableringen af ven/fjende-distinktionen i Der Begriff des Politischen med henblik på at vise Schmitt som teoretisk decisionist.......En analyse af Carl Schmitts argumentation og begrebsbrug ved etableringen af ven/fjende-distinktionen i Der Begriff des Politischen med henblik på at vise Schmitt som teoretisk decisionist....

  2. BOOK REVIEW: Carl Christian Bruhns - Ein bedeutender Naturwissenschaftler in der zweiten Halfte des 19. Jahrhunderts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duerbeck, H. W.; Hansel, C.; Munzel, G.; Ilgauds, H.-J.; Borngen, M.

    2006-12-01

    The biography of the former member of the Saxonian Academy of Sciences, Carl Christian Bruhns, and appropiately published in their Transactions, originated from a series of lectures given some years ago. Gisela Munzel and Hans-Joachim Ilgauds, who have already written an authoritative history of Leipzig observatories, joined geophysicist Michael Borngen to describe various aspects of Bruhns' life and activities in different scientific fields. For the astronomical reader, Gisela Munzel's contribution is certainly the most rewarding one, and it covers almost the complete first half of the book. She not only describes Bruhns' astronomical career, but also supplies many details of his life. Having passed something equivalent to a junior high school, his father urged him to become apprentice in his own field, that of a locksmith. C.C. Bruhns became a mechanic in several companies in Berlin, and started also part-time work as a computer at Berlin Observatory in 1851. He soon was "discovered" by its director Johann Franz Encke, and became second assistant in mid-1852, first assistant in 1854 and observer in 1855. In mid-1856 he received his PhD on the topic of minor planets. A prize assignment on astronomical refraction developed into his habilitation thesis of 1859. When in 1857 the observer Heinrich d'Arrest left Leipzig Observatory, there were plans to replace him by an astronomer who would later also take over the post of the aging August Ferdinand Mobius. There were already plans to move the old Observatory on the tower of Pleissenburg castle to another location, when Bruhns was appointed observer and professor in April 1860. In Summer, construction of the new Observatory at Johannistal started, and it was inaugurated in late 1861. Munzel faithfully traces his work, his assistants and colleagues - Engelmann, Weinek, Zollner, and many more - , his activities in the founding of the Astronomische Gesellschaft, his work as a commissar of the ``Mitteleuropaische

  3. Ilse von zur Mühlen. Glanz und Elend. Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum. Begleitpublikation zur gleichnahmigen Ausstellung des Ostpreußischen Landesmuseums und der Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft e.V. / Anja Wilhelmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wilhelmi, Anja, 1966-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Mühlen, Ilse von zur. Glanz und Elend. Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum. Begleitpublikation zur gleichnahmigen Ausstellung des Ostpreußischen Landesmuseums und der Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft e.V. (1. Dezember 2012 bis 14. April 2013), Lindenberg i. Allgäu 2012

  4. Ilse von zur Mühlen. Glanz und Elend. Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum. Begleitpublikation zur gleichnahmigen Ausstellung des Ostpreußischen Landesmuseums und der Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft e.V. / Anja Wilhelmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wilhelmi, Anja, 1966-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Mühlen, Ilse von zur. Glanz und Elend. Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum. Begleitpublikation zur gleichnahmigen Ausstellung des Ostpreußischen Landesmuseums und der Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft e.V. (1. Dezember 2012 bis 14. April 2013), Lindenberg i. Allgäu 2012

  5. Derrida og Carl Schmitt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diderichsen, Adam

    2005-01-01

    Derridas læsning og kritik af Carl Schmitt med særlig henblik på Derridas værk "Politiques de l'amitié".......Derridas læsning og kritik af Carl Schmitt med særlig henblik på Derridas værk "Politiques de l'amitié"....

  6. Carl Schmitt, lecteur de Bakounine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Christophe Angaut

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Mentionné à plusieurs reprises bien qu’aucun de ses écrits ne soit cité, Bakounine occupe une place particulière dans quelques-uns des principaux textes de Carl Schmitt (Théologie politique, La dictature, Le concept de politique. Les thèmes que Schmitt choisit de repérer chez Bakounine (satanisme, naturalisme, nature religieuse de l’autorité, refus de la médiation, s’ils sont l’indice d’une connaissance précise de l’œuvre du révolutionnaire russe, permettent également de l’inscrire dans une opposition terme à terme avec les théoriciens de la contre-révolution. La lecture attentive que Schmitt semble avoir faite des textes de Bakounine ne doit donc pas masquer que dans l’œuvre du théoricien allemand, Bakounine est avant tout une figure : celle de l’anarchiste russe, ennemi par excellence qui prétend en finir avec le politique. Apparemment adventice, la convocation de cette figure partiellement mythique touche dès lors à un thème central chez Schmitt, celui de la conception de la politique.

  7. Carl Friedrich Gauss

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Kathryn; Scott, Paul

    2005-01-01

    This article presents a brief biography of Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss. Gauss was born on April 30, 1777, in the German city of Braunschweig (Brunswick). He was the only child of Gebhard Dietrich Gauss and Dorothea Benze. Neither of Gauss's parents had much education, his father could read and write, but earned his living doing menial jobs such as…

  8. Carl eller Karl?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eggert, Birgit

    2013-01-01

    I den danske fornavnemode findes en række navne i flere forskellige stavemåder som ikke har indflydelse på navnenes udtale. Navnene udtales ens hvad enten de staves Carl eller Karl og Camilla eller Kamilla. Med udgangspunkt i de 50 mest populære pige- og drengenavne hvert år siden 1985 har jeg set...

  9. Carl Sagan's Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terzian, Yervant; Bilson, Elizabeth

    1997-10-01

    Preface; Carl Sagan at sixty; Part I. Planetary Exploration: 1. On the occasion of Carl Sagan's sixtieth birthday Wesley T. Huntress, Jr.; 2. The search for the origins of life: U.S. Solar system exploration, 1962-1994 Edward C. Stone; 3. Highlights of the Russian planetary program Roald Sageev; 4. From the eyepiece to the footpad: The search for life on Mars Bruce Murray; Part II. Life in the Cosmos: 5. Environments of Earth and other worlds Owen B. Toon; 6. The origin of life in a cosmic context Christopher F. Chyba; 7. Impacts and life: Living in a risky planetary system David Morrison; 8. Extraterrestrial intelligence: The significance of the search Frank D. Drake; 9. Extraterrestrial intelligence: The search programs Paul Horowitz; 10. Do the laws of physics permit wormholes for interstellar travel and machines for time travel? Kip S. Thorne; Public Address: 11. The age of exploration Carl Sagan; Part III. Science Education: 12. Does science need to be popularized? Ann Druyen; 13. Science and pseudo-science James Randi; 14. Science education in a democracy Philip Morrison; 15. The visual presentation of science Jon Lomberg; 16. Science and the press Walter Anderson; 17. Science and teaching Bill G. Aldridge; Part IV. Science, Environment and Public Policy: 18. The relationship of science and power Richard L. Garwin; 19. Nuclear-free world? Georgi Arbatov; 20. Carl Sagan and nuclear winter Richard P. Turco; 21. Public understanding of global climate change James Hansen; 22. Science and religion Joan B. Campbell; 23. Speech in honor of Carl Sagan Frank Press.

  10. Carl Rogers: Reflections on His Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heppner, P. Paul; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Interviewed Carl Rogers, a prominent psychologist, about aspects of his personal life, professional contributions, significant others, and psychology in general. Includes excerpts from several letters from individuals who have known Rogers and who were asked to comment on their experiences with him. (LLL)

  11. Carl Borchardt en die Suid-Afrikaanse kerkgeskiedenis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.W. Hofmeyr

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available Carl Borchardt and South African church historyCarl Borchardt was in the first instance a general church historian who specialised in the field of the Early Church. However, born as a South African, he did not only do some research in the field of South African church history but he even partook in some crucial events in modem South African church history. This article attempts to describe and explain his interest and involvement in South African church history.

  12. Carl Linnaeus: pictures and propaganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fara, Patricia

    2003-03-01

    How do scientists become famous? Carl Linnaeus was an expert at self-promotion who used portraits to gain patronage and consolidate his reputation. His sexualized classification system was hugely controversial, yet his successors celebrated him as a great hero of botany.

  13. Carl Sagan (1934-1996)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chyba, Christopher

    Carl Sagan, Professor of Astronomy and Space Sciences at Cornell University and past AGU Planetology Section president, died of pneumonia on December 20, 1996, following a two-year battle with the bone-marrow disease, myelodysplasia. Sagan, a planetary scientist of the first rank, was also well known for his exceptional skills in bringing science to policymakers and the public. Following a broad undergraduate education with a degree in humanities and physics from the University of Chicago, Carl received his Ph.D. in astronomy and astrophysics from that institution in 1960. He quickly established himself as a pioneer in the investigation of the prospect for extraterrestrial life. His wide background in a variety of sciences, including a position as Visiting Assistant Professor of Genetics at the Stanford University School of Medicine, prepared him well for this new, interdisciplinary field. (Carl's first scientific publication, in 1957, had been “Radiation and the origin of the gene,” in the journal Evolution.) In 1968, Carl came to Cornell University as director of the Laboratory for Planetary Studies, heading a research group that combined spacecraft and theoretical expertise with laboratory investigations of solar system and interstellar organic chemistry.

  14. Carl von Ossietzky und die politische Kultur der Weimarer Republik : Symposion zum 100. Geburtstag

    OpenAIRE

    Kraiker, Gerhard Hrsg.; Ossietzky, Carl von; Grathoff, Dirk Hrsg.

    1999-01-01

    Anläßlich des 100. Geburtstages von Carl von Ossietzky veranstaltete die Universität Oldenburg ein Symposion, bei dem Historiker, Politik- und Literaturwissenschaftler Forschungsergebnisse zum Leben und Werk Ossietzkys sowie zu seinem politisch-kulturellen Umfeld austauschten. Ein Schwerpunkt des Symposions war die Nobelpreiskampagne für Ossietzky, zu der in diesem Band auch Beiträge der Zeitzeugen Willy Brandt und Finn Lie, der letzte Besucher Ossietzkys vor seinem Tod, aufgenommen sind. - O...

  15. General phenomenology of underground nuclear explosions; Phenomenologie generale des explosions nucleaires souterraines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Derlich, S.; Supiot, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Bruyeres-le-Chatel (France). Centre d' Etudes

    1969-07-01

    An essentially qualitatively description is given of the phenomena related to underground nuclear explosions (explosion of a single unit, of several units in line, and simultaneous explosions). In the first chapter are described the phenomena which are common to contained explosions and to explosions forming craters (formation and propagation of a shock-wave causing the vaporization, the fusion and the fracturing of the medium). The second chapter describes the phenomena related to contained explosions (formation of a cavity with a chimney). The third chapter is devoted to the phenomenology of test explosions which form a crater; it describes in particular the mechanism of formation and the different types of craters as a function of the depth of the explosion and of the nature of the ground. The aerial phenomena connected with explosions which form a crater: shock wave in the air and focussing at a large distance, and dust clouds, are also dealt with. (authors) [French] On donne une description essentiellement qualitative des phenomenes lies aux explosions nucleaires souterraines (explosion d'un seul engin, d'engins en ligne et explosions simultanees). Dans un premier chapitre sont decrits les phenomenes communs aux explosions contenues et aux explosions formant un cratere (formation et propagation d'une onde de choc provoquant la vaporisation, la fusion et la fracturation du milieu). Le deuxieme chapitre decrit les phenomenes lies aux tirs contenus (formation d'une cavite et d'une cheminee). Le troisieme chapitre est consacre a la phenomenologie des tirs formant un cratere et decrit notamment le mecanisme de formation et les differents types de crateres en fonction de la profondeur d'explosion et de la nature du terrain. Les phenomenes aeriens lies aux explosions formant un cratere: onde de pression aerienne et focalisation a grande distance, nuages de poussieres, sont egalement abordes. (auteurs)

  16. Vitalisme i Carl Nielsens musik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjeldsøe, Michael

    2010-01-01

    symfoni, Det uudslukkelige. Formålet med artiklen er en specifi k og analytisk underbygget diskussion af vitalisme i Carl Nielsens musik, der forholder sig til, om og hvordan træk i musikken svarer til forestillinger om vitalisme. Her inddrages Helios-ouverturen (1903) og Nielsens tredje, fjerde og femte...... symfoni. Afslutningsvis diskuteres, hvordan Nielsens essaysamling Musik er Liv (1925) kan læses som et vitalitisk programskrift og hvordan Nielsens position i dansk musikliv gjorde det muligt at videreføre vitalistiske musikæstetiske positioner på trods af det legitimitetstab, den europæiske vitalisme...

  17. Vitalisme i Carl Nielsens musik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjeldsøe, Michael

    2010-01-01

    symfoni, Det uudslukkelige. Formålet med artiklen er en specifi k og analytisk underbygget diskussion af vitalisme i Carl Nielsens musik, der forholder sig til, om og hvordan træk i musikken svarer til forestillinger om vitalisme. Her inddrages Helios-ouverturen (1903) og Nielsens tredje, fjerde og femte...... symfoni. Afslutningsvis diskuteres, hvordan Nielsens essaysamling Musik er Liv (1925) kan læses som et vitalitisk programskrift og hvordan Nielsens position i dansk musikliv gjorde det muligt at videreføre vitalistiske musikæstetiske positioner på trods af det legitimitetstab, den europæiske vitalisme...

  18. The nebular research of Carl Wirtz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duerbeck, H. W.; Seitter, W. C.

    We briefly review the nebular research in the 19th and early 20th century, and the role played by the newly founded Strasbourg Observatory in this field. The life of Carl Wirtz (1874-1939) is outlined. His studies in Bonn, his work in Vienna and Hamburg, his astronomical activity in Strasbourg from 1903-1916, at the war headquarters in Berlin in the following two years, and from 1919 up to his forced retirement in 1937 at Kiel University are described, both in general terms and specifically in terms of extragalactic research. His achievements were rarely recognized by his contemporaries, both because of his somewhat unusual way of presentation, and because of his "inner emigration" in the last years of his life.

  19. Die Fußballclubs Rot-Weiß Erfurt und Carl Zeiss Jena und ihre Vorgänger in der DDR : ein Vergleich ihrer Bedingungen

    OpenAIRE

    Kummer, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Der SC Motor/FC Carl Zeiss Jena war seit Ende der 50-er Jahre bis in die 80-er Jahre hinein ein vom DFV der DDR und vom DTSB immer wieder benannter und bestätigter Schwerpunktclub innerhalb der sogenannten zivilen Clubs. Der SC Turbine/FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt konnte diesen Status innerhalb des Fußballverbands dagegen nie erreichen. Die zentrale Frage dieser Dissertation nach den spezifischen Bedingungsgefügen des zivilen Schwerpunktclubs FC Carl Zeiss Jena (und Vorgänger) und des zivilen Nichtschw...

  20. Habitat Evaluation Procedures Report; Carl Property - Yakama Nation.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ashley, Paul; Muse, Anthony

    2008-02-01

    A baseline habitat evaluation procedures (HEP) analysis was conducted on the Carl property (160 acres) in June 2007 to determine the number of habitat units to credit Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for providing funds to acquire the property as partial mitigation for habitat losses associated with construction of McNary Dam. HEP surveys also helped assess the general ecological condition of the property. The Carl property appeared damaged from livestock grazing and exhibited a high percentage of invasive forbs. Exotic grasses, while present, did not comprise a large percentage of the available cover in most areas. Cover types were primarily grassland/shrubsteppe with a limited emergent vegetation component. Baseline HEP surveys generated 356.11 HUs or 2.2 HUs per acre. Habitat units were associated with the following HEP models: California quail (47.69 HUs), western meadowlark (114.78 HUs), mallard (131.93 HUs), Canada goose (60.34 HUs), and mink (1.38 HUs).

  1. Menachem's Seed (by Carl Djerassi)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffman, George B.; Kauffman, Laurie M.

    1998-09-01

    University of Georgia Press: Athens, GA, 1997. xi +196 pp. 14.2 x 24.0 cm. ISBN 0-8203-1925-2. Hardcover. 21.95. (Coming in paperback, fall 1998. Putnam: New York, 1998. ISBN 0140277943. 12.95.) Carl Djerassi is well known to readers of the Journal of Chemical Education for his pioneering research and as the recipient of numerous awards-including the 1973 U.S. National Medal of Science (for the first oral contraceptive, leading to his designation as "Father of the Pill", although Djerassi, an avowed feminist, prefers the appellation "Mother of the Pill"); the 1991 U.S. National Medal of Technology (for novel approaches to insect control); and the 1992 Priestley Medal (the American Chemical Society's highest award). But he is also founder of the Djerassi Resident Artists Colony, an avid art collector, and Professor of Chemistry at Stanford University. Most pertinent here, after a half-century of dual research careers in industry and academe, Djerassi, like chemist-spectroscopist-novelist C. P. Snow, has embarked on a third career in creative writing, which we have followed in this Journal and others with a mixture of growing interest, admiration, and anticipation (1-5).

  2. [Carl Gustav Jung's alchemical thinking].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirkiewicz, Jakub

    2004-01-01

    Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychologist and philosopher of culture used in his concepts many constructs having their source in philosophy of alchemy. These ideas can be found not only in his books on alchemy but also in his psychological works. Among them we should enumerate: the theory of psychological process, the concepts of opposites coexisting in the psyche, the polar structure of notions in his psychological system and the idea of synchronicity. The author of this article examines these main points of Jungian program within the context of its parallelism with paracelsian alchemical philosophy of nature: the process of nature, alchemical dialectics and the universal analogy of micro- and macrocosmos. At the beginning of his work, creating his psychology Jung assumed similar ideas. Later, when he noticed this similarity, alchemy became very helpful in his research of psyche, because thanks to them he conceptualised the successive aspects of polar structure of dynamical psychical reality, which--like his alchemical predecessors--he used to explain basics of the micro- and macro-world.

  3. Gnostic inner illumination and Carl Jung's individuation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennachio, J

    1992-09-01

    The ancient religious system of Gnosticism argued for the transcendence of the physical world and the divinity of self-knowledge. More recently, a similar argument was made by Carl Jung through his concept of individuation. This paper examines some of the similarities between Gnostic inner illumination and Jung's concept of individuation.

  4. Keisrikoja fotograaf Carl Oswald Bulla / Heli Salong

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salong, Heli, 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Carl Bulla (1854-1929) elust ja tegevusest avatud näitus Kuressaare linnuses. Peterburis, Hamburgis ja Dresdenis eksponeeritud näitust "1903. aasta Peterburi Karl Bulla fotodel" on täiendatud Saaremaa muuseumi kogudest pärit fotode ja esemetega. Bulla ja Saaremaa

  5. Denigrating Carl Rogers: William Coulson's Last Crusade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschenbaum, Howard

    1991-01-01

    Reviews William Coulson's assertions that Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow, and he initiated the humanistic education field, that Rogers repudiated his philosophy late in life, and that they owe the nation's parents an apology. Argues that these charges are groundless and provides examples and quotations from Rogers' later writings to show how Rogers…

  6. What Are They Doing to Carl Rogers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mader, Diane C.

    1980-01-01

    Notes that recent composition textbooks have classified Carl Rogers' work as a new rhetoric or as an alternative to classical argument. Demonstrates that to portray Rogers' method as a form of argument is to misunderstand his intent and that, while Rogers and Aristotle are similar superficially, their differences are profound. (FL)

  7. Carl Rogers' Alternative to Traditional Rhetoric.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hairston, Maxine C.

    Carl Rogers' approach to communication has implications for the rhetorician and the teacher of college composition. The qualities of respect, restraint, neutrality, and understanding, when applied to written and oral discourse, can provide an effective alternative to polemical argumentation. The detatchment and empathy of the Rogerian style is…

  8. Carl Rogers and Me: Revisiting Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Li-Te

    2003-01-01

    Discusses connections between Carl Rogers and literacy by introducing Rogers' major contributions and by discussing the implementation of his ideas in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom in Taiwan. Explains Rogers' ideas about teachers as facilitators; learner-centered learning; and building freedom. Concludes that person-centered…

  9. The question of space in Carl Schmitt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minca, C.; Rowan, R.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we present an analysis of the German legal and political theorist Carl Schmitt as a spatial thinker whose work contains many elements relevant to the concerns of political geography. In examining his fundamental concern with how to ground modern political order without theological foun

  10. Carles Salvador, l'autoritat gramatical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicent Pitarch

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Carles Salvador had strong nationalistic convictions and was very active in promoting the Catalan language in several areas, specifically in developing treatises on spelling, grammar and lexicography. His work would help consolidate the standardization of Catalan in the Valencian Country and would make him an unquestionable authority on Catalan grammar.

  11. Secondary structure adventures with Carl Woese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noller, Harry F

    2014-01-01

    Not long after my arrival at UCSC as an assistant professor, I came across Carl Woese's paper "Molecular Mechanics of Translation: A Reciprocating Ratchet Mechanism." (1) In the days before the crystal structure of tRNA was known, Fuller and Hodgson (2) had proposed two alternative conformations for its anticodon loop; one was stacked on the 3' side (as later found in the crystal structure) and the other on the 5' side. In an ingenious and elegant model, Woese proposed that the conformation of the loop flips between Fuller and Hodgson's 5'- and 3'-stacked forms during protein synthesis, changing the local direction of the mRNA such that the identities of the tRNA binding sites alternated between binding aminoacyl-tRNA and peptidyl-tRNA. The model predicted that there are no A and P sites, only two binding sites whose identities changed following translation of each codon, and that there would be no translocation of tRNAs in the usual sense--only binding and release. I met Carl in person the following year when he presented a seminar on his ratchet model in Santa Cruz. He was chatting in my colleague Ralph Hinegardner's office in what Carl termed a "Little Jack Horner appointment" (the visitor sits and listens to his host describing "What a good boy am I"). He was of compact stature, and bore a striking resemblance to Oskar Werner in Truffaut's film "Jules and Jim." He projected the impression of a New-Age guru--a shiny black amulet suspended over the front of his black turtleneck sweater and a crown of prematurely white hair. Ralph asked me to explain to Carl what we were doing with ribosomes. I quickly summarized our early experiments that were pointing to a functional role for 16S rRNA. Carl regarded me silently, with a penetrating stare. He then turned to Ralph and said, in an ominous low voice, "I'm going to have some more tanks made as soon as I get back." Carl's beautiful model was, unfortunately, wrong--it was simpler and more elegant than the complex

  12. B.F. Skinner and Carl R. Rogers on Behavior and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaim, Eugene E.

    1972-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between the theories of B.F. Skinner and Carl R. Rogers. In sections 2 and 3, the author discusses the Skinnerian and Rogerian theories by selecting and explicating key elements and delineating the general, comprehensive, theoretical position of each. Sections 4 and 5 present each man's…

  13. [Eugen Bleuler and Carl Gustav Jung's habilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelm, H R

    1996-01-01

    Eugen Bleuler's letter of recommendation for Carl Gustav Jung's appointment as a lecturer In January 1905, Eugen Bleuler (1857-1939) wrote a letter of recommendation to the Medical Faculty of the University of Zurich, urging them to accept the application of Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) as a lecturer there. Bleuler's letter mentions the contribution to Jung's writing made by Franz Riklin (1878-1938), although he does not define it precisely. It is safe to say that, judging from the way in which Bleuler expresses his opinions in this letter, this may be regarded at the very least as an early sign of his receptiveness to the psychoanalytical ideas of the time.

  14. Malcolm Knowles and Carl Rogers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Dennis L.

    1984-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to examine primary concerns related to the introduction of Knowles's and Rogers's theories of adult education. Comparison of andragogy and student-centered theories includes the following areas: overview, foundations, general goals, learning principles, and teaching and learning and is followed by a summary and…

  15. Control systems of fission reactors and of reprocessing plants: general architecture; Controle-commande des reacteurs et des usines: architecture generale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Appel, B.; Guesnier, G. [Electricite de France, 75 - Paris (France). Service Etudes et Projets Thermiques et Nucleaires; Chabert, J. [Cogema, 78 - Velizy-Villacoublay (France)

    1998-10-01

    As any industrial facility, nuclear power plants and fuel reprocessing centers need means to monitor and manage the physical processes that are involved in their activities. All these means form the control system. Control systems are made up of sensors, able to turn physical data into electric signals, of automatic control circuits dedicated to process these electric signals, of supervisor systems to give to the staff the possibility to intervene, and of actuators designed to transform electric signals into actions on the physical process. The general design of control systems has to conform to the requirements imposed by the physical process itself, by nuclear safety and by operating conditions. As for the physical process, requirements can be diverse according to the purpose of the nuclear facility but the continuity must be assured because of the permanent release of energy from irradiated materials. As for safety, we have to notice the stiff requirements for all the equipment that is concerned by the confinement of radioactivity. The general architecture of control systems is made up of 3 levels; i) level 0: sensors and actuators, ii) level 1: automatic control circuits and iii) level 2: the control room. The second and third levels are mainly based on computer and data processing systems. All the equipment is classified into 3 levels of demands. The first level is the stiffest which generally implies that devices are specially designed so that they satisfy all the requirements. (A.C.)

  16. A teoria da democracia de Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Thiago Klein

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with Carl Schmitt’s theory of democracy, aiming at presenting its merits and deficiencies. The argumentation is divided into two parts. Initially, the thesis that Schmitt’s theory works within two different levels, i.e., a conceptual one, which is essentially analytical, and a phenomenal one, which according to him would be descriptive only, is sustained. At this point, Schmitt’s theory of democracy and its critique of parliamentary democracy can be better understood. Finally, some criticisms against Schmitt’s position are presented.

  17. Entrevista: Mario Carlón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demétrio de Azeredo Soster

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Doutor em Ciências Sociais pela Universidade de Buenos Aires, Mario Carlón é um pesquisador inquieto. Interessa-lhe, no ámbito da pesquisa, principalmente, as reconfigurações midiáticas e os novos lugares que se estabelecem nesta ambiência; o fim dos meios massimos e a emergencias de novas formas de diálogo, caso das produções colaborativas, para ficarmos em um exemplo. Adjetivos como fértil e produtivo também se encaixam no perfil de Mario Carlón: em seu currículo, assina, sozinho ou com parcerias, pelo menos oito livros, duas dezenas de capítulo e um número expressivo de artigos públicados em anais de congressos e revistas especializadas. Nesta entrevista à Rizoma, o pesquisador argentino discorre sobre conceitos como midiatização, narrativas transmidiáticas, crise na televisão e outros. As questões da entrevista foram redigidas em português e respondidas em espanhol. Na edição, optou-se por manter perguntas e respostas na língua original em que foram formuladas.

  18. Alternative Neo-Rimannian Approaches to Carl Nielsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Svend Hvidtfelt

    2012-01-01

    of these above mentioned many writers, plus others, may be integrated into the two Danish theories. In discussing analytical theories the text is especially conversant with two recent books on Nielsen, Anne-Marie Reynolds’ The Voice of Carl Nielsen (2010) and Daniel Grimley’s Carl Nielsen and the Idea...

  19. Kummardus Carl Linnéle / Andres Toode

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toode, Andres

    2010-01-01

    Suur botaanik ja loodusteadlane Carl Linné soovitas oma sõjalise funktsiooni kaotanud kindlustesse või nende varemetesse ürdiaedu rajada. Narva linnus jätkab seda traditsiooni: linnuse Läänehoovi rajati Carl Linné aed. Konkursist võtsid osa ka Eesti Maaülikooli üliõpilased

  20. Kummardus Carl Linnéle / Andres Toode

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toode, Andres

    2010-01-01

    Suur botaanik ja loodusteadlane Carl Linné soovitas oma sõjalise funktsiooni kaotanud kindlustesse või nende varemetesse ürdiaedu rajada. Narva linnus jätkab seda traditsiooni: linnuse Läänehoovi rajati Carl Linné aed. Konkursist võtsid osa ka Eesti Maaülikooli üliõpilased

  1. Der Feindbegriff Carl Schmitts im Antiterrorkrieg - Über das Verhältnis von Recht und Politik im Ausnahmezustand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Stübinger

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Lehren Carl Schmitts haben wieder einmal Hochkonjunktur. Insbesondere sein von der Unterscheidung zwischen Freund und Feind bestimmter Begriff des Politischen und die Idee vom Ausnahmezustand, in dem das Recht der Normallage nicht gelte, sind derzeit aktuell. Die Reaktualisierung ist vor allem der Kriegsrhetorik geschuldet, die sich im Kampf gegen den internationalen Terrorismus etabliert. Schmitts Begrifflichkeit wird in Anspruch genommen, um diverse Antiterrormaßnahmen der normalen juristischen Beurteilung zu entziehen. Die durch souveräne politische Entscheidung ausgerufene Ausnahme soll die Geltung des Rechts suspendieren. Dabei droht die Ausnahme zur Regel zu werden. Der dadurch behauptete Vorrang des Politischen wird im Rahmen einer Analyse der Schriften Schmitts und der internationalen Rezeption seiner Theorien einer kritischen Prüfung unterzogen und zurückgewiesen.

  2. O nomos e a lei: considerações sobre o realismo político em Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Ferreira

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda o tema do realismo político no pensamento de Carl Schmitt, à luz de suas reflexões sobre o direito e a história da política internacional no mundo moderno. Para tanto, o texto analisa sua narrativa sobre a constituição da ordem das relações internacionais a partir do século XVI, apresentada no livro Der Nomos der Erde im Völkerrecht des Jus Publicum Europaeum (O Nomos da Terra no Direito Internacional do Jus Publicum Europaeum. Essa análise busca pôr em evidência a maneira como Carl Schmitt concebe a relação entre direito e realidade na época moderna e, com isso, pretende apresentar uma imagem do seu realismo político que leve em conta algumas de suas premissas históricas e filosóficas.The article deals with the political realism theme in the way of thinking of Carl Schmitt, in the light of his reflections on law and history of international politics in the modern world. For that purpose, the text analyses his narrative on the establishment of international relations order from the sixteenth century, as presented in the book Nomos der Erde im Völkerrecht des Jus Publicum Europaeum (The Nomos of the Earth in the International Law of Jus Publicum Europaeum. This analyses looks forward to place in evidence the way Carl Schmitt conceives the relation between modern age law and reality, and, by this, intends to present an image of his political realism that takes into account some of his historical and philosophical premises

  3. O decisionismo jurídico de Carl Schmitt The juridical decisionism of Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Porto Macedo Júnior

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available O nome de Carl Schmitt está condenado a associar-se à rubrica "decisionismo" jurídico, teoria segundo a qual o fundamento último do direito é uma decisão política do soberano. Este artigo se propõe mostrar como o decisionismo jurídico de Carl Schmitt dos anos 20 modifica-se, sem se tornar contraditório, com a asssimilação nos anos 30 do "institucionalismo jurídico" de autores como Maurice Hauriou e Santi Romano. A partir dos anos 30 Schmitt explicita o sentido próprio do decisionismo fundado no "pensamento da ordem concreta", ou seja, o decisionismo institucionalista.Carl Schmitt's name is irrevocably linked to the label of decisionism, the theory according to which the ultimate foundation of right is the sovereign's political decision. This paper aims to show how the juridical decisionism of Schmitt has changed without becoming contraditory as it assimilated in the thirties the '"juridical institutionalism" of authors like Hauriou and Santi Romano. Following those years Schmitt worked out the meaning of a decisionism based on the "concrete order thought", namely, the institutionalist decisionism.

  4. 德国普通教学论的危机与新方向--访德国奥尔登堡大学希尔伯特·迈尔教授%Crisis and New Orientation of General Didactics in Germany---Dialogue with Hilbert Meyer,Carl von Ossietzky University,Oldenburg,Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段兆兵

    2015-01-01

    The famous contemporary didactician Hilbert Meyer of Carl von Ossietzky university , Oldenburg , Germany believes the crisis of general didactics in Germany is the shrink of ratio of general didactics'in teacher training curriculum in universities . In comparison , subject didactics has made greater achievement in international comparative research , and demonstrates the trend of separating itself from general didactics and becomes an independence entity . Mathematical didactics is playing a leading role in didactics research , and general subject didactics has constructed its concepts system . T he new orientation of general didactics in Germany is to further develop itself and strengthen the empirical research . It also should construct praxeological didactics through action research so as to reconstruct its theoretical model . In addition , joint efforts should be made through cooperation and collaboration to safeguard the survival and status of general didactics .%著名教学理论家希尔伯特·迈尔教授认为德国当代教学论的危机主要表现在普通教学论在大学课程中的比重在下降,相比较,专业(学科)教学论的国际比较研究和经验研究成果更为丰富,专业教学论有脱离普通教学论而独立并取代普通教学论的倾向和趋势,数学专业教学论引领着教学论研究和理论构建,比较专业教学论已经形成,普通专业教学论也已建立了概念系统。德国普通教学论发展的方向在于自身的不断壮大和对经验研究的重视,并以行为理论构建为核心进行行动研究,重建新的理论模型,还要加强协同与合作,共同维护普通教学论的生存和地位。

  5. The Face We Put On: Carl Jung for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Robert P.

    1994-01-01

    Examines Carl Jung's concept of the "persona" (his term for the masks people wear). Notes how teachers use personae and suggests ways to restore the energy that teachers lose when hiding inside their personae. (SR)

  6. Encountering Carl Rogers: His Views on Facilitating Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landreth, Garry L.

    1984-01-01

    Presents Carl Rogers' views on facilitating groups, as expressed in a telephone dialogue seminar with graduate students in counselor education at North Texas State University. Discusses extended group marathons, cocounseling, nonverbal group exercises and the future of group work. (JAC)

  7. Looking in the right direction: Carl Woese and evolutionary biology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Goldenfeld, Nigel

    2014-01-01

    Carl Woese is known to the scientific community primarily through his landmark contributions to microbiology, in particular, his discovery of the third Domain of Life, which came to be known as the Archaea...

  8. Carl Schmitt and Giorgio Agamben: From Biopolitics to Political Romanticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Luisetti

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Giorgio Agamben’s politics of life intertwines two diverging traditions of philosophical thought: Michel Foucault’s biopolitics and Carl Schmitt’s political philosophy. With the help of Carl Schmitt’s concept of “political romanticism,” I interpret Agamben’s strategy as an attempt to introduce a bio-aesthetics of political vitality. Moreover, I situate Agamben’s politics of life in opposition to Schmitt’s biopolitics.

  9. Carl Størmer Auroral Pioneer

    CERN Document Server

    Egeland, Alv

    2013-01-01

    This biography summarizes the seminal contributions to auroral and space science of Carl Størmer (1874 - 1957). He was the first to develop precise photographic methods to calculate heights and morphologies of diverse auroral forms during four solar cycles. Størmer independently devised numerical techniques to determine the trajectories of high-energy charged particles allowed and forbidden in the Earth’s magnetic field. His theoretical analyses explained cosmic ray access to the upper atmosphere, 20 years before they were identified by other scientists. Størmer’s crowning achievement, “The Polar Aurora,” published when he was 81 years old, stands to this day as a regularly cited guide in graduate-level courses on space physics.   The authors present the life of this prodigious scientist in relation to the cultural life of early 20th century in Norway and to the development of the space sciences in the post-Sputnik era.

  10. The contributions of Carl Ludwig to cardiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, H G

    1999-03-01

    The basic instruments for measuring functional cardiovascular parameters and the most important discoveries made by Carl Ludwig and his disciples in cardiovascular physiology are described and put into perspective in regard to the further development of his methods and ideas. The most important apparatus was the kymograph, which, for the first time, made recording and documenting of functional parameters possible. This instrument was also used for the functional evaluation of the isolated perfused frog heart that was developed by Elias Cyon in Ludwig's Leipzig Physiological Institute. In the isolated frog heart, important phenomena were discovered such as the staircase ('Treppe'), the absolute refractory period and the all-or-none law of the heart. The isolated dog heart was used to determine the origin of the first heart sound, which was characterized as a muscle tone. To measure regional blood flow and eventually cardiac output, a flowmeter ('Stromuhr') was designed. Precise measurements of cardiac output became possible only when Adolf Fick had developed his principle, which served as the basis for the modern indicator methods. Cyon and Ludwig also discoverd the depressor nerve, which constitutes the basis of the baroreceptor reflex. Finally, the precise localization of the vasomotor centre in the ventrolateral medulla was achieved in Ludwig's Leipzig Physiological Institute. This was confirmed more than 100 years later with modern neuroanatomical methods making use of retrograde axonal transport. Thus, Ludwig and his scholars made major substantial contributions to cardiovascular knowledge that can be considered to constitute the basis of modern cardiology.

  11. CARL: a LabVIEW 3 computer program for conducting exposure therapy for the treatment of dental injection fear.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coldwell, S E; Getz, T; Milgrom, P; Prall, C W; Spadafora, A; Ramsay, D S

    1998-04-01

    This paper describes CARL (Computer Assisted Relaxation Learning), a computerized, exposure-based therapy program for the treatment of dental injection fear. The CARL program operates primarily in two different modes; in vitro, which presents a video-taped exposure hierarchy, and in vivo, which presents scripts for a dentist or hygienist to use while working with a subject. Two additional modes are used to train subjects to use the program and to administer behavioral assessment tests. The program contains five different modules, which function to register a subject, train subjects to use physical and cognitive relaxation techniques, deliver an exposure hierarchy, question subjects about the helpfulness of each of the therapy components, and test for memory effects of anxiolytic medication. Nine subjects have completed the CARL therapy program and 1-yr follow-up as participants in a placebo-controlled clinical trial examining the effects of alprazolam on exposure therapy for dental injection phobia. All nine subjects were able to receive two dental injections, and all reduced their general fear of dental injections. Initial results therefore indicate that the CARL program successfully reduces dental injection fear.

  12. Carl Sagan and the Exploration of Mars and Venus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toon, Owen B.; Condon, Estelle P. (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    Inspired by childhood readings of books by Edgar Rice Burroughs, Carl Sagan's first interest in planetary science focused on Mars and Venus. Typical of much of his career he was skeptical of early views about these planets. Early in this century it was thought that the Martian wave of darkening, a seasonal albedo change on the planet, was biological in origin. He suggested instead that it was due to massive dust storms, as was later shown to be the case. He was the first to recognize that Mars has huge topography gradients across its surface. During the spacecraft era, as ancient river valleys were found on the planet, he directed studies of Mars' ancient climate. He suggested that changes in the planets orbit were involved in climate shifts on Mars, just as they are on Earth. Carl had an early interest in Venus. Contradictory observations led to a controversy about the surface temperature, and Carl was one of the first to recognize that Venus has a massive greenhouse effect at work warming its surface. His work on radiative transfer led to an algorithm that was extensively used by modelers of the Earth's climate and whose derivatives still dominate the calculation of radiative transfer in planetary atmospheres today. Carl inspired a vast number of young scientists through his enthusiasm for new ideas and discoveries, his skeptical approach, and his boundless energy. I had the privilege to work in Carl's laboratory during the peak of the era of Mars' initial exploration. It was an exciting time, and place. Carl made it a wonderful experience.

  13. Transformative Poetry : A Case Study of W.H. Auden's Musée des Beaux Arts And General Conclusions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarot, Marcel

    2016-01-01

    This article situates Auden’s poem Musée des Beaux Arts in the process of his conversion to Christianity. The author argues for the layered intertextuality of the poem, in which allusions to Bruegel’s Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, The Census at Jerusalem, and The Massacre of the Innocents can b

  14. Transformative Poetry : A Case Study of W.H. Auden's Musée des Beaux Arts And General Conclusions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarot, Marcel

    2016-01-01

    This article situates Auden’s poem Musée des Beaux Arts in the process of his conversion to Christianity. The author argues for the layered intertextuality of the poem, in which allusions to Bruegel’s Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, The Census at Jerusalem, and The Massacre of the Innocents can b

  15. Fundamental equations for two-phase flow. Part 1: general conservation equations. Part 2: complement and remarks; Equations fondamentales des ecoulements diphasiques. Premiere partie: equations generales de conservation. Deuxieme partie: complements et remarques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delhaye, J.M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 38 - Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-12-01

    equations concerning different methods of presenting two-phase flows with those proposed in the literature. As a result a detailed study has been made of the work of C.G. TELETOV, S.S. KUTATELADZE, M.A. STYRIKOVICH and N. ZUBER; a summary of this work presented. (author) [French] Ce rapport traite des equations generales de conservation de la masse, de la quantite de mouvement et de l'energie pour un ecoulement diphasique. Ces equations sont presentees sous plusieurs formes a partir des equations integrales qui sont posees a priori. 1. Equations aux variables locales instantanees et conditions d'interface; 2. Equations aux variables instantanees moyennees dans une section et applications pratiques: ces equations renferment une donnee experimentale interessante qui est le rapport de la section de passage d'une phase sur la section totale d'une conduite. 3. Equations aux moyennes statistiques locales et equations moyennees dans le temps: une tentative plus poussee pour relier experience et theorie consiste a prendre les moyennes statistiques des equations locales. On obtient alors des equations ou interviennent des variables moyennees dans le temps par application d'une hypothese ergodique. 4. Combinaisons des moyennes statistiques et des moyennes dans une section: on considere dans cette etude des variables locales moyennees statistiquement, puis moyennees dans la section et egalement des variables moyennees dans la section puis moyennees statistiquement. 5. Equations generales relatives aux emulsions: dans ce cas, une phase se presente (localement sous un aspect tres divise. Cette particularite permet de definir une concentration volumique locale et d'etablir des equations aux applications multiples. On a complete et precise certains points de la premiere partie de ce rapport concernant les equations generales de conservation des ecoulements diphasiques. On a introduit dans les equations generales les termes correspondant a la tension

  16. Carl Schmitt: de Plettenberg a Uberlândia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerónimo Molina Cano

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Las ediciones y traducciones de los textos de Carl Schmitt, así como la bibliografía secundaria, incluso la terciaria (bibliografía sobre la bibliografía han aumentado exponencialmente desde su muerte. Son también frecuentes los coloquios nacionales e internacionales sobre la obra del jurista alemán. En octubre de 2012 se celebró en la Universidad Federal de Uberlândia una importante reunión científica internacional dedicada al pensamiento político, jurídico y filosófico de Carl Schmitt.

  17. Carl Schmitt: de Plettenberg a Uberlândia

    OpenAIRE

    Jerónimo Molina Cano

    2013-01-01

    Las ediciones y traducciones de los textos de Carl Schmitt, así como la bibliografía secundaria, incluso la terciaria (bibliografía sobre la bibliografía) han aumentado exponencialmente desde su muerte. Son también frecuentes los coloquios nacionales e internacionales sobre la obra del jurista alemán. En octubre de 2012 se celebró en la Universidad Federal de Uberlândia una importante reunión científica internacional dedicada al pensamiento político, jurídico y filosófico de Carl Schmitt....

  18. The Uniqueness of Similarities: Parallels of Milton H. Erickson and Carl Rogers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunnison, Hugh

    1985-01-01

    Describes the influence of the philosophy and values of Carl Rogers and Milton Erickson on the counseling profession. Reviews the person-centered approach, direction, therapeutic climate, and the influence of early experiences. Includes a reaction by Carl Rogers. (JAC)

  19. The Uniqueness of Similarities: Parallels of Milton H. Erickson and Carl Rogers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunnison, Hugh

    1985-01-01

    Describes the influence of the philosophy and values of Carl Rogers and Milton Erickson on the counseling profession. Reviews the person-centered approach, direction, therapeutic climate, and the influence of early experiences. Includes a reaction by Carl Rogers. (JAC)

  20. Carl Milles jättis Rootsile skulptuuriaia / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Rootsi skulptorist Carl Millesest (1875-1955), tema abikaasast Olga Millesest (sünd. Granner, 1874-1967), Millesgardenist Lidingö saarel, kus saab vaadata Carl Millese loomingut koopiate või originaalidena, ateljees kavandeid, antiik- ja kaasaegse kunsti kogu, õe Ruth Millese töid, Olga Millese maale ja joonistusi. Carl ja Olga Millese maja ja ateljee ehitati 1908. a. arhitekt Carl M. Bengtsoni projekti järgi

  1. Carl Milles jättis Rootsile skulptuuriaia / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Rootsi skulptorist Carl Millesest (1875-1955), tema abikaasast Olga Millesest (sünd. Granner, 1874-1967), Millesgardenist Lidingö saarel, kus saab vaadata Carl Millese loomingut koopiate või originaalidena, ateljees kavandeid, antiik- ja kaasaegse kunsti kogu, õe Ruth Millese töid, Olga Millese maale ja joonistusi. Carl ja Olga Millese maja ja ateljee ehitati 1908. a. arhitekt Carl M. Bengtsoni projekti järgi

  2. Fællessange er ikke solosange. Carl Nielsens sange - på engelsk!?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2015-01-01

    Et essay om Carl lNielsens bidrag til fornyelse af den folkelige sang i Danmark - i anledning af en cd-udgivelse med udvalgte Carl Nielsen sange sunget i engelsk oversættelse.......Et essay om Carl lNielsens bidrag til fornyelse af den folkelige sang i Danmark - i anledning af en cd-udgivelse med udvalgte Carl Nielsen sange sunget i engelsk oversættelse....

  3. Carl Sagan: Cosmic Evolution vs. the Creationist Myth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harnack, William J.

    1981-01-01

    Considers the dichotomy between the cosmic perspective and the creationist view. Presents an overview of various current explanations of the origin and nature of the universe, including scientific explanations, fundamentalist beliefs, and creation myths from other cultures. The article is based on comments made by Carl Sagan at the American…

  4. Keiserlik kullassepp Carl Fabergé : maailmast / Mirjam Peil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peil, Mirjam, 1939-

    1998-01-01

    Peterburi meistri Carl Fabergé (1846-1920) tänapäeva rikkamatest kogudest USAs ja Venemaal. Huvi kasvust Fabergé loomingu vastu. Keiserliku kullassepa 1990. aastatel maailmas ringelnud suurnäitusest (koostajaiks Ermitaazh ja Washingtoni Fabergé Art Foundation). Lisaks Ermitaazhis püsiväljapanek Tsarskoe Selo ja Peterhofi kogudest

  5. Re-Discovering Mendel: The Case of Carl Correns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg

    2015-01-01

    Carl Erich Correns (1864-1933) is remembered in the annals of science as one of the three botanists who re-discovered Mendel's laws. He can also, however, be regarded as one of the founding figures of classical genetics in Germany. Between 1894 and 1899 he carried out the crossing experiments with corn and peas that led to the re-statement of…

  6. Carl Schmitt and the concept of the border

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minca, C.; Vaughan-Williams, N.

    2012-01-01

    The paper investigates the promise of Carl Schmitt's concept of ‘nomos’ for developing new spatial imaginaries apposite to the study of ‘the border’ in contemporary political life, as per the aims of the ‘Lines in the Sand’ research agenda. Schmitt introduced the idea of a ‘nomos of the earth’ to re

  7. Synthesizing a Life: An Interview with Carl Djerassi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardellini, Liberato

    2011-01-01

    In this interview, Carl Djerassi recalls his first years, from his pleasant childhood, to how he escaped the Nazi persecutions, to his college education in America. He remembers how with his research group he won the race for synthesis of cortisone, and how they then synthesized norethindrone, the active ingredient in oral contraceptives. Djerassi…

  8. Carl Upchurch: Journey from Prisoner Citizen to Educator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kronick, Robert; Thomas, Denis

    2009-01-01

    Carl Upchurch was born and raised in Philadelphia in the 1950's. His mother, uncle and grandmother socialized him during his early childhood. His grandmother was his primary caregiver and a prostitute, his father drifted in and out of his life, and his uncle died in a gunfight. All this shaped Upchurch as a person and led to his development of the…

  9. Meie aja tähtsaim eestlane / Carl Bildt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bildt, Carl, 1949-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Eesti Päevaleht, SL Õhtuleht 27. märts lk. 3,5. Endise Rootsi Kuningriigi peaministri Carl Bildti mälestuskõne president Lennart Meri riiklikul hüvastijätutseremoonial 26. märtsil 2006 Kadriorus

  10. Keiserlik kullassepp Carl Fabergé : maailmast / Mirjam Peil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peil, Mirjam, 1939-

    1998-01-01

    Peterburi meistri Carl Fabergé (1846-1920) tänapäeva rikkamatest kogudest USAs ja Venemaal. Huvi kasvust Fabergé loomingu vastu. Keiserliku kullassepa 1990. aastatel maailmas ringelnud suurnäitusest (koostajaiks Ermitaazh ja Washingtoni Fabergé Art Foundation). Lisaks Ermitaazhis püsiväljapanek Tsarskoe Selo ja Peterhofi kogudest

  11. Carl R. Rogers (1902-1987): Friend, Gentleman, and Scholar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hesteren, Frank

    1988-01-01

    Writes in memory of Carl R. Rogers. Conveys a sense of the spirit of Rogers' thinking and the kind of person he was, both in his own eyes and in the experience of those who knew him personally. Concludes with a discussion of how Rogers'"way of being" has influenced the writer's own personal and professional development. (Author/KS)

  12. Carl Rogers during Initial Interviews: A Moderate and Consistent Therapist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, H. P.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Analyzed two initial interviews by Carl Rogers in their entirety using the Carkhuff scales, Hill's category system, and a brief grammatical analysis to establish the level and consistency with which Rogers provides facilitative conditions. Results indicated his behavior as counselor was stable and consistent within and across interviews. (Author)

  13. Carl Linné sidemed Baltimaadega / Linda Kongo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kongo, Linda, 1929-

    2007-01-01

    Carl Linné sidemed Baltimaadega on loonud tema õpilased ja õpilaste õpilased, kes siirdusid kuulama tema loenguid Uppsala Ülikoolis. Mitmed Baltimaadelt pärit loodusteadlased täiendasid end Linné õpilase Johann Andreas Murray juures. Tartu Ülikooli raamatukogus on hoiul üks Linné kiri

  14. Muinsusvõimetus, kuid mitte lootusetu / Carl-Dag Lige

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lige, Carl-Dag

    2008-01-01

    Muinsuskaitse olukorrast Eestis, muutuste vajalikkusest, lagunevatest mõisa- ja taluhoonetest, muinsuskaitsest ja avalikust arvamusest, muinsusteadlikkuse kasvust, pärandile uue kasutuse leidmisest. Carl-Dag Lige on lõpetanud Eesti Kunstiakadeemia kunstiteaduse erialal ning on Helsingi ülikooli magistrant

  15. Carl Linné sidemed Baltimaadega / Linda Kongo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kongo, Linda, 1929-

    2007-01-01

    Carl Linné sidemed Baltimaadega on loonud tema õpilased ja õpilaste õpilased, kes siirdusid kuulama tema loenguid Uppsala Ülikoolis. Mitmed Baltimaadelt pärit loodusteadlased täiendasid end Linné õpilase Johann Andreas Murray juures. Tartu Ülikooli raamatukogus on hoiul üks Linné kiri

  16. Re-Discovering Mendel: The Case of Carl Correns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg

    2015-01-01

    Carl Erich Correns (1864-1933) is remembered in the annals of science as one of the three botanists who re-discovered Mendel's laws. He can also, however, be regarded as one of the founding figures of classical genetics in Germany. Between 1894 and 1899 he carried out the crossing experiments with corn and peas that led to the re-statement of…

  17. Méthodes générales de synthèse des catalyseurs à base d'oxydes General Synthesis Methods for Mixed Oxide Catalysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Courty Ph.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available De nombreux procédés industriels (industrie céramique, électronique, nucléaire catalyse hétérogène utilisent des matériaux constitués d'oxydes mixtes. Les études fondamentales réalisées en catalyse et leurs applications industrielles montrent qu'au-delà des diverses interprétations fines de l'activité catalytique des oxydes mixtes, une notion plus générale se dégage, celle de l'homogénéité de la phase active, donc du premier intermédiaire de fabrication du catalyseur (le précurseur. Les différentes méthodes de synthèse des oxydes mixtes, puis des catalyseurs, sont alors exposées. Pour chacune d'entre elles, il est montré comment l'obtention d'un précurseur homogène peut être favorisée et maintenue. Un exemple illustre le cas de l'oxyde mixte déposé sur support. Finalement, l'étape de mise en forme de l'oxyde mixte est évoquée, l'aspect économique de la fabrication du catalyseur conclut ce texte. A great mony industrial processes (ceramics, electronics, nuclear energy, hererogeneous catalysis use materials made up of mixed oxides. Fundamental research on catalysis and its industrial applications has shown that, over and beyond the various subtle interpretations of the catalytic activity of mixed oxides, a more general concept emerges, i. e. that of the homogeneity of the active phase, hence of the first catalyst-manufacturing intermediate (the precursor. Different synthesis methods for mixed oxides, and then for cotalysts, are described. The demonstration is made for each of them how the production of a homogeneous precursor con be enhanced and maintained. An example illustrotes the case of a mixed oxide deposited on a carrier. To conclude, the shaping of the mixed oxide is described, followed by the economic aspect of catalyst manufacturing.

  18. Carl Ludwig: the man, his time, his influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, H G

    1996-01-01

    Carl Ludwig (1816-1895) was the driving force in the foundation and development of scientifically based and experimentally oriented physiology against natural philosophy and vitalism that prevailed during the first quarter of the 19th century in Germany. He was the representative of a small group of young, highly talented and dynamic physiologists aiming at implementing the laws of physics and chemistry as the only active forces in physiologic processes. These "organic physicists" included Emil du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896), Ernst Brücke (1819-1892), and Hermann Helmholz (1821-1894). Carl Ludwig wrote the program of this group in the form of a textbook of physiology that was considered revolutionary, provocative and premature. His academic life, his inventions and discoveries, his scientific achievements, his influence and his personality are reviewed. Since every person can be viewed only in the context of his time, the political background, the economic and social situation, the conditions for science and research as well as the cultural climate that were characteristic for the decisive years of Carl Ludwig are described to some extent. It is shown that Carl Ludwig and his contemporary organic physicists lived and grew into a science- and research-oriented period which had been prepared and paved by men like Johannes Evangelista Purkinje (1787-1869), Ernst Heinrich Weber (1795-1878), Alfred Wilhelm Volkmann (1800-1877), Johannes Müller (1801-1858) and Gustav Theodor Fechner (1801-1887). They benefited from this enormous scientific development and contributed to it to a large and significant extent so that it ultimately turned out to be the most productive and influential period in the history of German physiology. Some of the numerous scholars who had studied with Carl Ludwig carried his approach to physiology into the 20th century: Adolf Fick (1829-1901), Otto Frank (1865-1944), Iwan Petrowitsch Pawlow (1849-1936) and Henry Pickering Browditch (1840-1911).

  19. La Renaissance de Carl Schmitt = The Renaissance of Carl Schmitt : about Ellen Kennedy book: «Constitutional failure : Carl Schmitt in Weimar»

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    En Carl Schmitt en la República de Weimar. La quiebra de una Constitución la profesora Ellen Kennedy ha elaborado una grandiosa y sugerente contextualización del pensamiento y la obra de Schmitt. A la luz de nuevos materiales ha desvelado algunas de las más importantes claves del pensamiento del autor alemán, y ha puesto al descubierto las razones que explican la Schmitt’s Renaissance en el universo cultural anglosajón. La autora sitúa los textos constitucionales en el contexto de la Repúblic...

  20. Manlighet, mod och moral: Amanda Kerfstedts Carl Bergs skoltid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andersson, Maria

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Amanda Kerfstedt’s ”Carl Bergs skoltid” describes a boy’s journey to manhood in late 19th century Sweden. This article pertains that the text contrasts an ideal of masculinity based on physical strength with an ideal emphasizing morality. Although a true man, as described in the story, is expected to be strong as well as righteous, the moral component is the most important. The text shows that courage and force, which are not checked by a sense of ethics, may turn into brutality and abuse of power. Different types of masculinity are compared in ”Carl Bergs skoltid” but masculinity is also defined in relation to ideas about femininity. The association with women is utilized to stress a lack of courage in men as well as to redefine a masculine ideal that has focused too much on physical prowess instead of strength of character.

  1. Il nemico ritrovato. Carl Schmitt e gli Stati Uniti

    OpenAIRE

    Mossa, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    La tesi affronta il tema del rapporto tra Carl Schmitt e gli Stati Uniti. Il primo capitolo, dedicato all'America vista da Schmitt, ripercorre i riferimenti presenti nell'opera dell'autore – dall'interpretazione della tradizione politico-giuridica americana in opposizione a quella continentale, al ruolo determinante che ha il Nuovo Mondo nello sviluppo e nella decadenza dell'ordinamento internazionale moderno, fino alle suggestioni teologico-politiche legate alla figura del katéchon – giungen...

  2. Carl Wilhelm Scheele, the discoverer of oxygen, and a very productive chemist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, John B

    2014-12-01

    Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742-1786) has an important place in the history of the discovery of respiratory gases because he was undoubtedly the first person to prepare oxygen and describe some of its properties. Despite this, his contributions have often been overshadowed by those of Joseph Priestley and Antoine Lavoisier, who also played critical roles in preparing the gas and understanding its nature. Sadly, Scheele was slow to publish his discovery and therefore Priestley is rightly recognized as the first person to report the preparation of oxygen. This being said, the thinking of both Scheele and Priestley was dominated by the phlogiston theory, and it was left to Lavoisier to elucidate the true nature of oxygen. In addition to his work on oxygen, Scheele was enormously productive in other areas of chemistry. Arguably he discovered seven new elements and many other compounds. However, he kept a low profile during his life as a pharmacist, and he did not have strong links with contemporary prestigious institutions such as the Royal Society in England or the French Académie des Sciences. He was elected to the Royal Swedish Academy of Science but only attended one meeting. Partly as a result, he remains a somewhat nebulous figure despite the critical contribution he made to the history of respiratory gases and his extensive researches in other areas of chemistry. His death at the age of 43 may have been hastened by his habit of tasting the chemicals that he worked on.

  3. Neuroscience of water molecules: a salute to professor Linus Carl Pauling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakada, Tsutomu

    2009-04-01

    More than 35 years ago double Nobel laureate Linus Carl Pauling published a powerful model of the molecular mechanism of general anesthesia, generally referred to as the hydrate-microcrystal (aqueous-phase) theory. This hypothesis, based on the molecular behavior of water molecules, did not receive serious attention during Pauling's life time, when scientific tools for examining complex systems such as the brain were still in their infancy. The situation has since drastically changed, and, now, in the twenty first century, many scientific tools are available for examining different types of complex systems. The discovery of aquaporin-4, a subtype of water channel abundantly expressed in glial systems, further highlighted the concept that the dynamics of water molecules in the cerebral cortex play an important role in important physiological brain functions including consciousness and information processing.

  4. Carl Nielsen and the Idea of English National Music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjeldsøe, Michael; Boeg, Jens

    2012-01-01

    between Vaughan Williams’ image of English national music and perceived characteristics of Nielsen’s style made it easier for English listeners and critics to appreciate Nielsen’s music than for those on the European Continent, and this might help explain the rather favourable reception of Nielsen......Why did Carl Nielsen achieve such a favourable reception in England from the 1950s on, compared to the rather reluctant recognition in continental Europe? We would suggest that one reason could be an affi nity of features in his music with the concept of English national music. The affi nity...

  5. Conversations: with Carl Pilcher [interview by Johan Benson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilcher, C.

    1998-01-01

    An interview with Carl Pilcher, science program director for solar system exploration at NASA, examines NASA's past, present, and planned missions to explore the solar system. Specific questions relate to the status of current and planned missions, science results of the Pathfinder mission to Mars, cooperation with the Japanese space agency, the status of the search for extraterrestrial life in solar system meteoroids and asteroids, mission size for more in-depth exploration, reports of water on the moon, and the exploration of near-Earth objects.

  6. Carl Hansen& Son与经典同行

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    它是丹麦历史最悠久的家具制造商之一,它与世界顶级大师Hans J.Wegner合作生产的椅子被誉为经典,手工艺与现代技术的结合,以及始终坚持的设计理念使它畅销全球,它就是一直与经典同行的Carl Hansen & Son,

  7. The anthropology of Carl Jung: Implications for pastoral care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt-Meeks, S

    1983-09-01

    This article examines the basic tenets of Carl Jung's anthropology, including intrapsychic structure, relationships, society, and the process of individuation. It then turns to his ideas about God and religion. Jung builds his understanding of God from his work in psychology, and because of that method, there are several major problems with his theologizing. Nevertheless, his insights are extremely valuable to the field of pastoral care, and ministers would do very well to appreciate his contribution, though always with a critical eye to its limitation.

  8. The professionalization of Carl G. Jung's analytical psychology clubs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuels, A

    1994-04-01

    This paper addresses (1) the history of a cluster of unusual institutions-analytical psychology clubs--which started in 1916 and by 1934 had become established in many of the countries in the world in which there was interest in the analytical psychology of Carl G. Jung; (2) the conflicts involved in trying to unite the relatively informal earlier "Jung Clubs" with the more formal societies being established by the increasing numbers of professionally trained analysts; and (3) the wider cultural and social issues included in the professionalization of analytical psychology.

  9. CARL ROGERS REFLEXIONES TEÓRICO-PRÁCTICAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Duque Camargo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En este ensayo la autora reflexiona acerca de su experiencia como terapeuta centrada en la persona, la cual denomina como un «caminar de la mano» con seres humanos que se encuentran confusos. Antes de señalar los principales aspectos de su abordaje para interactuar con sus consultantes, realiza una síntesis del proceso de desarrollo de la psicoterapia de Carl Rogers y reflexiona acerca del enfoque rogeriano, en el cual predomina la relación significativa entre el terapeuta y el paciente como elemento central de cambio.

  10. Motivational interviewing and the clinical science of Carl Rogers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, William R; Moyers, Theresa B

    2017-08-01

    The clinical method of motivational interviewing (MI) evolved from the person-centered approach of Carl Rogers, maintaining his pioneering commitment to the scientific study of therapeutic processes and outcomes. The development of MI pertains to all 3 of the 125th anniversary themes explored in this special issue. Applications of MI have spread far beyond clinical psychology into fields including health care, rehabilitation, public health, social work, dentistry, corrections, coaching, and education, directly impacting the lives of many people. The public relevance and impact of clinical psychology are illustrated in the similarity of MI processes and outcomes across such diverse fields and the inseparability of human services from the person who provides them, in that both relational and technical elements of MI predict client outcomes. Within the history of clinical psychology MI is a clear product of clinical science, arising from the seminal work of Carl Rogers whose own research grounded clinical practice in empirical science. As with Rogers' work 70 years ago, MI began as an inductive empirical approach, observing clinical practice to develop and test hypotheses about what actually promotes change. Research on MI bridges the current divide between evidence-based practice and the well-established importance of therapeutic relationship. Research on training and learning of MI further questions the current model of continuing professional education through self-study and workshops as a way of improving practice behavior and client outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  11. Tutorial Facilitation in the Humanities Based on the Tenets of Carl Rogers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heim, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    This article introduces a model for group facilitation in the humanities based on Carl Rogers' model for group psychotherapy. Certain aspects of Carl Rogers' reflective learning strategies are reappraised and principles, specific only to psychotherapy, are introduced. Five of Rogers' axioms are applied to the tutorial discussion model: a…

  12. Antimodernistlik tegutseja modernismis : sissejuhatus Carl Schmitti riigifilosoofilisse õpetusse / Heimes. Claus ; tõlk. Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heimes. Claus

    2004-01-01

    Saksa poliitilise teoreetiku, riigiõigusasjatundja ja kristliku filosoofi Carl Schmitti (1888-1985) seisukohtadest poliitilises teoloogias ja antropoloogias, uusajatõlgendusest ning positivistliku kaasaja kriitikast. Tõlke allikas: Antimoderner Akteur der Moderne : eine Einführung in die staatsphilosophische Lehre Carl Schmitts

  13. Antimodernistlik tegutseja modernismis : sissejuhatus Carl Schmitti riigifilosoofilisse õpetusse / Heimes. Claus ; tõlk. Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heimes. Claus

    2004-01-01

    Saksa poliitilise teoreetiku, riigiõigusasjatundja ja kristliku filosoofi Carl Schmitti (1888-1985) seisukohtadest poliitilises teoloogias ja antropoloogias, uusajatõlgendusest ning positivistliku kaasaja kriitikast. Tõlke allikas: Antimoderner Akteur der Moderne : eine Einführung in die staatsphilosophische Lehre Carl Schmitts

  14. General corrosion of metallic materials in boric acid environments; La corrosion generalisee des materiaux metalliques en milieu acide borique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gras, J.M.

    1994-05-01

    Certain low-alloy steel components in PWR primary circuit were corroded by leaking water containing boric acid. A number of studies have been performed by manufacturers in the USA and by EDF in France to determine the rate of general corrosion for low-alloy steels in media containing varying concentrations of boric acid. The first part of this paper summarizes the studies performed and indicates how far work has advanced to date in establishing the resistance of stainless steels to general corrosion in concentrated boric acid solutions. The second part of the paper discusses the mechanism of corrosion and proposes a model. Carbon steels and low-alloy steels - carbon steels and low-alloy steels in deaerated diluted boric acid solutions (pH > 4) corrode very slowly (<20{mu}m/year). The corrosion rate is approximately 1 {mu}m/year in the nominal primary water in static conditions; - in non-deaerated solutions, the corrosion rate is determined by the solubility of iron. Important factors are the pH, the temperature and the operating conditions, which determine the iron solubility in the medium: the rate of renewal of the medium or the S/V ratio of the metal surface exposed to the volume of solution. The steel composition is not a determinant factor. Stainless steels. General corrosion of stainless steels in concentrated boric acid solutions depends primarily on their chromium content. Steels containing less than 15% chromium offer excellent resistance to corrosion regardless of their structure or nickel content. The corrosion rate is less than 10 {mu}m/year at 250 deg C and approximately 40 {mu}m/year at 300 deg C. Steels containing 13% chromium corrode in hot concentrated media. The apparent activation energy of general corrosion is approximately 25 kJ.mol{sup -1}. (author). 31 refs., 12 figs., 13 tabs.

  15. Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß als Wegbereiter der neuen Disziplin Erdmagnetismus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Reich

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThough Alexander von Humboldt was motivated for the first time to deal with earthmagnetism during his stay in Freiberg, it was in France that he really became a specialist in this respect. During most of his journeys he made earthmagnetic measurements. His collaboration with Arago was of great importance, it was in Paris that the first magnetic observatory was built. Humboldt rendered outstanding services to the investigation of earth magnetism by two major achievements: 1. He emphasized intensity measurements and 2. he put forward the law that the magnetic intensity is increasing from the magnetic equator toward the magnetic poles. At least since 1803 Carl Friedrich Gauss was interested in earthmagnetism and especially in Humboldt’s early published data. That Wilhelm Weber became professor of physics at the University of Göttingen in 1831 was a turning point for Gauss. In 1833 Göttingen was the centre of investigating earthmagnetism, a new era began which lasted only until 1843. Gauss’ main contributions were more or less theoretical, in 1832/3 he transformed Humboldt’s relative intensity measurements into absolute ones which were independent of the instrument’s needle. A new epoch began with Gauss’ publication „Allgemeine Theorie des Erdmagnetismus” (1839. The main point was the newly defined notion of „potential“. Gauss was the first to present the surface of the earth with equipotential lines. ZusammenfassungAlexander von Humboldt hatte sich bereits in Freiberg mit dem Erdmagnetismus beschäftigt; jedoch erst in Frankreich lernte er die entsprechenden Beobachtungsmethoden kennen. Auf allen seinen Reisen machte er erdmagnetische Messungen. Seine Zusammenarbeit mit Arago in Paris war besonders fruchtbar, hier wurde das erste magnetische Observatorium gebaut. Humboldt beschäftigte sich vor allem mit Intensitätsmessungen; sein wichtigster Beitrag war die Feststellung, dass die magnetische Intensität vom

  16. Radiographie de l’ennemi : Carl Schmitt et le romantisme politique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian E. Roques

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available C’est grâce à son essai Politische Romantik, publié en 1919, que Carl Schmitt fait une entrée remarquée sur la scène intellectuelle allemande. L’ouvrage se présente comme une charge systématique et radicale contre la tradition allemande du « romantisme politique », et fut vivement discuté dans les années qui suivirent sa publication. Mais aujourd’hui il se trouve relégué parmi les œuvres de jeunesse de Schmitt et reste rarement étudié par la recherche, qui le lit au mieux comme une belle contribution à l’histoire culturelle du xixe siècle.Pourtant, une étude approfondie de l’essai, ainsi que du contexte historique dans lequel il s’insère, fait apparaître que ce n’est pas dans une telle perspective que Politische Romantik manifeste toute sa portée : bien plus qu’une étude historique, cet essai constitue un élément de réponse à la crise du conservatisme allemand tel qu’il apparaît dans l’après-guerre. Le rejet du « romantisme politique » marque la rupture de Schmitt avec l’idéal « apolitique » des intellectuels allemands de l’époque, et par là constitue le premier moment du projet schmittien, tel qu’il se verra développé de manière croisée dans son étude sur le catholicisme et sa Théologie politique.

  17. Mariage des maillages: A new 3D general relativistic hydro code for simulation of gravitational waves from core-collapses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novak, Jerome; Dimmelmeier, Harrald; Font-Roda, Jose A.

    2004-12-01

    We present a new three-dimensional general relativistic hydrodynamics code which can be applied to study stellar core collapses and the resulting gravitational radiation. This code uses two different numerical techniques to solve partial differential equations arising in the model: high-resolution shock capturing (HRSC) schemes for the evolution of hydrodynamic quantities and spectral methods for the solution of Einstein equations. The equations are written and solved using spherical polar coordinates, best suited to stellar topology. Einstein equations are formulated within the 3+1 formalism and conformal flat condition (CFC) for the 3-metric and gravitational radiation is extracted using Newtonian quadrupole formulation.

  18. General Reevaluation Report for Flood Control Project: Raccoon River and Walnut Creek, West Des Moines-Des Moines, Iowa with Final Supplement Number 1 to the Final Environmental Impact Statement

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-07-01

    properties amount others: 1. Pal Joey’s 2. IMT Insurance 3. Phillips Service Station 4. McDonald’s Restaurant 5. Pizza Hut Restaurant 6. Kentucky Fried ... Chicken Restaurant 7. A&D Kwik Kar Wash 8. Des Moines Seed and Nursery By the elimination of these flooding pockets, flood cresting j1 could occur at a

  19. Annual report 2005 General Direction of the Energy and raw materials; Rapport annuel 2005 Direction Generale de L'Energie et des Matieres Premieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This 2005 annual report of the DGEMP (General Direction of the Energy and the raw Materials), takes stock on the energy bill and accounting of the France. The first part presents the electric power, natural gas and raw materials market in France. The second part is devoted to the diversification of the energy resources with a special attention to the renewable energies and the nuclear energy. The third part discusses the energy and raw materials prices and the last part presents the international cooperation in the energy domain. (A.L.B.)

  20. The conception of science propagated by Carl Sagan

    OpenAIRE

    Danilo Nogueira Albergaria Pereira

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: Esta dissertação de mestrado propõe uma análise crítica da obra de divulgação científica do astrônomo estadunidense Carl Sagan (1934-1996). Cientista e autor multifacetado, largamente conhecido como um dos maiores divulgadores da ciência do século XX, Sagan utilizou os meios de comunicação mais poderosos de seu tempo para divulgar e advogar sua visão pessoal da ciência. Ao mesmo tempo em que buscou tornar o conhecimento científico compreensível e atraente para um vasto público não esp...

  1. Existential perspective in the thought of Carl Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelburne, W A

    1983-03-01

    It is argued that there is a significant existential perspective in the thought of Carl Jung. Similarities and differences with some of the views of Jean Paul Sartre are explored as a way of developing this perspective and to show how a philosophy of a man might be developed drawing from both sources. Jung is shown to be in disagreement with Sartre in defending an idea of a determinate human nature, describing the self in a developmental way, and in not claiming that human freedom is absolute or unconditioned. Nevertheless, the Jungian concept of individuation is similar to Sartre's ideal of authenticity, in that both focus on the goal of achieving meaningful existence through development of inner resources, creative exercise of freedom, and overcoming self-deception.

  2. "Decknamen or pseudochemical language"? Eirenaeus Philalethes and Carl Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, W R

    1996-01-01

    It is impossible to investigate the historiography of alchemy without encountering the ideas of the "father of analytical psychology", Carl Jung. Jung argued that alchemy, viewed as a diachronic, trans-cultural entity, was concerned more with psychological states occurring in the mind of the practitioner than with real chemical processes. In the course of elucidating this idea, Jung draws on a number of alchemical authors from the early modern period. One of these is Eirenaeus Philalethes, the pen name of George Starkey (1628-1665), a native of Bermuda who was educated at Harvard College, and who later immigrated to London. A careful analysis of Starkey's work shows, however, that Jung was entirely wrong in his assessment of this important representative of seventeenth-century alchemy. This finding casts serious doubt on the Jungian interpretation of alchemy as a whole.

  3. Carl Rogers and the larger context of therapeutic thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wachtel, Paul L

    2007-09-01

    Carl Rogers' classic account (see record 2007-14639-002) of the necessary and sufficient conditions for therapeutic personality change is examined in light of developments in theory and practice since the time he wrote. Rogers' ideas, which diverged from and were very largely a challenge to, the dominant psychoanalytic ideology of the era in which he wrote, are considered in relation to new theoretical developments in what has come to be called relational psychoanalysis. They are also considered in light of the greatly increased influence of and substantial evidence supporting behavioral and cognitive-behavioral approaches. Points of convergence and divergence among these approaches are examined. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

  4. Carl Gustav Jung and Granville Stanley Hall on Religious Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Chae Young

    2016-08-01

    Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) with William James (1842-1910) is the key founder of psychology of religion movement and the first American experimental or genetic psychologist, and Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) is the founder of the analytical psychology concerned sympathetically about the religious dimension rooted in the human subject. Their fundamental works are mutually connected. Among other things, both Hall and Jung were deeply interested in how the study of religious experience is indispensable for the depth understanding of human subject. Nevertheless, except for the slight indication, this common interest between them has not yet been examined in academic research paper. So this paper aims to articulate preliminary evidence of affinities focusing on the locus and its function of the inner deep psychic dimension as the religious in the work of Hall and Jung.

  5. Looking in the right direction: Carl Woese and evolutionary biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldenfeld, Nigel

    2014-01-01

    Carl Woese is known to the scientific community primarily through his landmark contributions to microbiology, in particular, his discovery of the third Domain of Life, which came to be known as the Archaea. While it is well known how he made this discovery, through the techniques he developed based on his studies of rRNA, the reasons why he was driven in this scientific direction, and what he saw as the principle outcome of his discovery--it was not the Archaea!--are not so widely appreciated. In this essay, I discuss his vision of evolution, one which transcends population genetics, and which has ramifications not only for our understanding of the origin of life on Earth and elsewhere, but also for our understanding of biology as a novel class of complex dynamical systems.

  6. Modelling and numerical simulation of the General Dynamic Equation of aerosols; Modelisation et simulation des aerosols atmospheriques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Debry, E.

    2005-01-15

    Chemical-transport models are now able to describe in a realistic way gaseous pollutants behavior in the atmosphere. Nevertheless atmospheric pollution also exists as fine suspended particles, called aerosols, which interact with gaseous phase, solar radiation, and have their own dynamic behavior. The goal of this thesis is the modelling and numerical simulation of the General Dynamic Equation of aerosols (GDE). Part I deals with some theoretical aspects of aerosol modelling. Part II is dedicated to the building of one size resolved aerosol model (SIREAM). In part III we perform the reduction of this model in order to use it in dispersion models as POLAIR3D. Several modelling issues are still opened: organic aerosol matter, externally mixed aerosols, coupling with turbulent mixing, and nano-particles. (author)

  7. Figuras de la antipolítica en Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Páez Canosa

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo desarrolla distintas figuras que Carl Schmitt señala como formas de subjetividad antipolítica. Si desde la perspectiva del jurista alemán las operaciones que constituyen un modo de ser político son aquellas que producen o sostienen una forma representativa, lo propio de una subjetividad antipolítica son aquellas operaciones que erosionan o conducen a la destrucción de dicha forma política. El trabajo intenta mostrar que la operación fundamental en este sentido es la dilación, entendida como la postergación indefinida de la decisión. Así, bajo las diversas figuras de la antipolítica que Schmitt aborda, esta operación también adquiere diversas formas de aparición: en el caso de la subjetividad liberal se da bajo la forma de la discusión y el compromiso, en el caso del romántico político bajo la forma de la poetización.This paper develops various figures noted by Carl Schmitt as forms of anti-political subjectivity. Whereas, from the German jurist's perspective, the operations which constitute a political way of being are those which produce and care for a representative form, the specificity of a anti-political subjectivity is shaped by those operations which erode or wear that political form down. The paper aims to show that the main feature of the antipolitical way of being is the delay, meaning the indefinite postponement of the decision as such. Thus, under the various figures of the anti-politics that Schmitt deals with, this operation appears on different manners: the liberal form of postponing is the endless discussion and the compromise; the romatic form is the aesthetization of the world.

  8. Des weiland hocherleuchteten Theologi, Herrn Johann Arndten General-Superintendentens deß Fürstenthums Lüneburg Sämtliche Geistreiche Bücher Vom Wahren Christenthum [...

    OpenAIRE

    Arndt, Johann

    2015-01-01

    Layoutgetreues Digitalisat der Ausg.: Franckfurt am Mayn : Görlin, 1704 Standort: Universität Marburg, Bibliothek Religionswissenschaft Signatur: 273 Bemerkungen: Vollständiger Titel: Des weiland hocherleuchteten Theologi, Herrn Johann Arndten General-Superintendentens deß Fürstenthums Lüneburg Sämtliche Geistreiche Bücher Vom Wahren Christenthum : Beneben Deroselben anhängigen Tractätlein von heilsamer Buß hertzlicher R...

  9. Annual report 2001. General direction of energy and raw materials; Rapport annuel 2001. Direction generale de l'energie et des matieres premieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This report summarizes the 2001 activity of the French general direction of energy and raw materials (DGEMP) of the ministry of finances and industry: 1 - security of energy supplies: a recurrent problem; 2001, a transition year for nuclear energy worldwide; petroleum refining in font of the 2005 dead-line; the OPEC and the upset of the oil market; the pluri-annual planning of power production investments; renewable energies: a reconfirmed priority; 2 - the opening of markets: the opening of French electricity and gas markets; the international development of Electricite de France (EdF) and of Gaz de France (GdF); electricity and gas industries: first branch agreements; 3 - the present-day topics: 2001, the year of objective contracts; AREVA, the future to be prepared; the new IRSN; the agreements on climate and the energy policy; the mastery of domestic energy consumptions; the safety of hydroelectric dams; Technip-Coflexip: the birth of a para-petroleum industry giant; the cleansing of the mining activity in French Guyana; the future of workmen of Lorraine basin coal mines; 4 - 2001 at a glance: highlights; main legislative and regulatory texts; 5 - DGEMP: November 2001 reorganization and new organization chart; energy and raw materials publications; www.industrie.gouv.fr/energie. (J.S.)

  10. An existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality in the works of Carl Jung and Carl Rogers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapustin, Sergey A.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is the third in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the first article (Kapustin, 2015a I proposed a description of a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies that are natural to human beings and, second, by particular aspects of the formation of this position. Such dichotomies, entitatively existent in all human life, are inherent, two-alternative contradictions. The position of a normal personality in its content orients a person toward a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and necessitates a search for compromise in resolving these dichotomies. This position is created on a rational basis with the person’s active participation. The position of an abnormal personality in its content subjectively denies a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and orients a person toward a consistent, noncompetitive, and, as a consequence, onesided way of life that doesn’t include self-determination. This position is imposed by other people on an irrational basis. Abnormality of personality interpreted like that is one of the most important factors influencing the development of various kinds of psychological problems and mental disorders — primarily, neurosis. In the second article (Kapustin, 2015b I showed that this criterion is also implicitly present in the personality theories of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler, although in more specific cases. In the current work I prove that this criterion is also present in the personality theories of Carl Jung and Carl Rogers, where it is implicitly stated in a more specific way. In the final article I will show that this criterion

  11. Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber / Jonathan Swain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Swain, Jonathan

    1990-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber, Mathis der Maler - Symphony, Nobilissima visione - suite. Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Yoel Levi" Telarc/ Conifer CD 80 195

  12. "Todos son genios": la critica a la estetizacion de la accion politica en Carl Schmitt

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ramirez, Carlos A

    2009-01-01

    En su obra Romanticismo politico (RP), de 1919, Carl Schmitt interpreta el romanticismo aleman como una "metafisica" en la cual los conceptos esteticos se convierten en los conceptos rectores de toda actividad humana, y, sobre esta base...

  13. Apontamentos sobre a psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto faz uma introdução à Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung: define o conceito de Psicologia Analítica, traz uma biografia resumida de Carl Gustav Jung, indica as principais diferenças entre a Psicologia Analítica e a Psicanálise, descreve a estrutura e o funcionamento da psique e, por fim, apresenta sinteticamente as características dos tipos de personalidades traçadas por Jung. The text makes an introduction to the Analytical Psychology of the psychologist and swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung: it defines the concept of Analytical Psychology, brings a summarized biography of Carl Gustav Jung, indicates the main differences between Analytical Psychology and the Psychoanalysis, describes the structure and the functioning of psyche and, finally, presents synthetically the characteristics of the types of personalities traced by Jung.

  14. Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber / Jonathan Swain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Swain, Jonathan

    1990-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber, Mathis der Maler - Symphony, Nobilissima visione - suite. Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Yoel Levi" Telarc/ Conifer CD 80 195

  15. Kunstnik ja tema kodu : Carl Timoleon von Neff Piira ja Muuga mõisas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Ateljeedest Euroopas alates 15. sajandist ja Eestis alates 19. sajandist. Pikemalt Julius Kleveri ja Otto Moelleri ateljeest. Maalikunstnik Carl Timoleon von Neffi elust ja loomingust, kunsti kollektsioneerimisest. Piira ja Muuga mõisahoonest, plaanid, sise- ja välisvaated

  16. Introducing CARL - Studying Stakeholder Involvement in Decision-Making on RWM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergmans, Anne [Univ. of Antwerp (Belgium)

    2006-09-15

    This paper provides some background on the four following papers, drawing on the research conducted within the CARL research project. CARL is a cross-national 'social sciences research project into the effects of stakeholder involvement on decision-making in radioactive waste management'. The paper introduces the project, its aims, activities and describes the common framework used to look at each individual country.

  17. Política e secularização em Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helton Adverse

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo visa examinar alguns aspectos da relação entre política e secularização em Carl Schmitt, partindo de sua análise da subjetividade romântica em Romantismo Político.The article's aim is to examine some aspects of the relation between politics and secularization in the thought of Carl Schmitt, departing of his analysis of the romantic subjectivity in his book Political Romanticism.

  18. A psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung: apontamentos de aula/The analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung: notes of lesson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto traz o conteúdo de uma aula sobre Teorias da Personalidade com foco nos fundamentos da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, cuja obra vem apresentando significativas contribuições para a Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. The text brings the content of a lesson on Theories of Personality focused in the fundamentals of the Analytical Psychology of the Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, whose work has been presenting significant contributions for Educational, Organizational and Clinical Psychology.

  19. Hobbes, les pirates et les corsaires. Le « Léviathan échoué » selon Carl Schmitt

    OpenAIRE

    Dominique Weber

    2005-01-01

    Parmi les nombreux problèmes que pose l’ouvrage de Carl Schmitt Le Léviathan dans la doctrine de l’État de Thomas Hobbes, il en est un, majeur, qui concerne l’utilisation de la « mythologie politique » pour expliquer la réalité ou les doctrines politiques. Il y a là, à n’en pas douter, l’expression de l’un des versants de l’irrationalisme de Schmitt. La thèse de l’auteur est très claire : parce que Hobbes ne possédait aucun « sens mythologique », il s’est trompé de monstre biblique, appelant ...

  20. RUEDA SUELTA ENTRE LOS NAZIS: LA AVERSIÓN TEÓRICA DE CARL SCHMITT FRENTE AL NAZISMO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Andrés Duque Silva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El interés por Carl Schmitt en los primeros años del siglo XXI se hace cada vez más evidente, especialmente en autores que buscan renovar la tradición liberal apelando a los argumentos de este polémico autor. Pese al lugar común que significa Schmitt, su reconocimiento general viene acompañado de una suerte de estigmatización difícil de superar, con la que en ocasiones se le califica de “cómplice” de la tragedia del nazismo. En este artículo se presenta una reflexión en torno a la comprensión que tenía Carl Schmitt sobre el derecho. En dicho análisis se emplea un método hermenéutico de estudio de la primera obra de Schmitt; su tesis de habilitación de 1914. El artículo permite ver que muchos de los elementos de la filosofía política schmittiana en su conjunto, se definen en esta primera obra, la que ideológicamente se ajusta mejor al pensamiento burgués-conservador que a los fundamentos del nazismo.

  1. Current Status of Carl Sagan Observatory in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez-Ibarra, A.

    The current status of Observatory "Carl Sagan" (OCS) of University of Sonora is presented. This project was born in 1996 focused to build a small solar-stellar observatory completely operated by remote control. The observatory will be at "Cerro Azul", a 2480 m peak in one of the best regions in the world for astronomical observation, at the Sonora-Arizona desert. The OCS, with three 16 cm solar telescopes and a 55 cm stellar telescope is one of the cheapest observatories, valuated in US200,000 Added to its scientific goals to study solar coronal holes and Supernovae Type 1A, the OCS has a strong educative and cultural program in Astronomy to all levels. At the end of 2001, we started the Program "Constelacion", to build small planetariums through all the countries with a cost of only US80,000. Also, the webcast system for transmission of the solar observations from the prototype OCS at the campus, was expanded to webcast educational programs in Astronomy since July of this year, including courses and diplomats for Latin American people. All of these advances are exposed here.

  2. Carl Sagan and Joseph Shklovsky: Intelligent Life in the Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurt, Vladimir

    J. S. Shklovsky and Carl Sagan played an outstanding role in modern astronomy. Their names are well known not only to professional astronomers, but also to millions of educated people in many countries, which are interested in modern state of science research. Among these trends of modern science, which are difficult to define, are such problems, as the creation of Solar system, the origin of life on Earth, the evolution of living organisms on Earth from the simplest viruses to Homo Sapiens, the evolution of intelligence and technology. Finally, both outstanding scientists were deeply interested in the problem of SETI (Search Extraterrestrial Intelligence), i.e. search of extraterrestrial civilizations and methods of making contacts with them. And both scientists were high professionals in their fields. Joseph Shklovsky was a theoretical astronomer in all fields of modern astronomy (geophysics and physics of the upper atmosphere of the Earth, Sun and Solar Corona, Interplanetary Medium and Solar Wind, Interstellar Medium, Supernova and their remnants, the Galaxy and galaxies, Quasars and Cosmology). There is hardly a field in modern astrophysics (except perhaps the theory of the interior structure of stars), where Joseph Shklovsky has not l a bright stamp of his talent…

  3. The Carl Sagan solar and stellar observatories as remote observatories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saucedo-Morales, J.; Loera-Gonzalez, P.

    In this work we summarize recent efforts made by the University of Sonora, with the goal of expanding the capability for remote operation of the Carl Sagan Solar and Stellar Observatories, as well as the first steps that have been taken in order to achieve autonomous robotic operation in the near future. The solar observatory was established in 2007 on the university campus by our late colleague A. Sánchez-Ibarra. It consists of four solar telescopes mounted on a single equatorial mount. On the other hand, the stellar observatory, which saw the first light on 16 February 2010, is located 21 km away from Hermosillo, Sonora at the site of the School of Agriculture of the University of Sonora. Both observatories can now be remotely controlled, and to some extent are able to operate autonomously. In this paper we discuss how this has been accomplished in terms of the use of software as well as the instruments under control. We also briefly discuss the main scientific and educational objectives, the future plans to improve the control software and to construct an autonomous observatory on a mountain site, as well as the opportunities for collaborations.

  4. ¿Por qué Carl Schmitt?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernhard Schlink

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available En la Cultura Jurídica Alemana, Carl Schmitt llegó a tener un prestigio más notable que otros teóricos del derecho alemanes contemporáneos suyos. Aquí se examina a qué se debe eso. ¿A la contribución del pensamiento de Schmitt para interpretar y aplicar la Ley Fundamental? ¿A las contribuciones de su teoría política? La respuesta a las dos preguntas es negativa. Su fama se debe al lugar que le otorga el mito sobre el positivismo y el decisionismo del derecho en el régimen nazi. Se debe a la dificultad de integrar el pensamiento jurídico del Tercer Reich en la historia de la cultura legal alemana. Un intento de conseguirlo fue recurrir a una equívoca interpretación ad hoc de la persona de Schmitt.

  5. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker - physicist and philosopher].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drieschner, Michael

    2014-01-01

    The subject of this paper is the philosopher Carl Friedrich von weizsäcker, especially under the aspect of the relation between physics and philosophy in his works. The decisive role of time in physics as well as in philosophy is described, and thereof is derived the comprehension of probability as a predicted relative frequency. Consequently quantum mechanics is interpreted as a theory of probability that uses "quantum logic" instead of classical propositional logic that is used in "normal" probability. The philosophical fruit of that is the interpretation of potentiality as the modality of the future. Weizsäcker's proposals for a justification of physics a priori are dealt with as well as his approach to a theory of "ur-objects", which are atoms in the strictest sense: q-bits.--Questions of Weizsäcker's personality are addressed: His role in the development of the nuclear reactor and atomic bomb in Nazi time, his enthusiasm and his religiousness as well as his efforts towards world peace.

  6. The Roosevelt years: crucial milieu for Carl Rogers' innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett-Lennard, Godfrey T

    2012-02-01

    This study explores broad features of political culture and event of the 1930s and World War 2 years, viewed in relation to the emergence and rapid early growth of the new therapy of Carl Rogers. The paper traces Rogers' early professional life and examines distinctive emphases in sociopolitical thought and development during Franklin D. Roosevelt's leadership as President over the prolonged emergency of the Great Depression and the crisis of the War. The study includes a focus on the President's own outlook and style, pertinent New Deal innovations, and wartime needs. Twelve features of this larger context are discriminated as together having vital importance for the new therapy and its founder. The congruent courses of the macrocontext and of Rogers' innovation are followed to the ending of Roosevelt's life. Direct causation is not attributed, but the evidence adduced newly points to particular contours of a larger environment favorable for the expression of Rogers' values and rare ability. In sum, the author concludes that a synergy of highly conducive historical circumstance and individual exceptionality contributed to the philosophical underpinnings, attitudinal values and early momentum of Rogers' client-centered therapy.

  7. [Hermann von Helmholtz and Carl Stumpf on consonance and dissonance].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kursell, Julia

    2008-06-01

    The article juxtaposes Hermann von Helmholtz's work in the experimental physiology of hearing and Carl Stumpf's tone psychology, focusing on the problem of consonance and dissonance in music. It argues that the experimental set-up plays a major role in the approaches to hearing of both Helmholtz and Stumpf, shaping their redefinition of the musical concepts of consonance and dissonance. Helmholtz, however, explains dissonance as resulting from the beats that are heard when sound waves interfere, while Stumpf explains consonance from the fusion (Verschmelzung) of sounds, noting that two tones, depending on their distance cannot always be recognized as two but are heard as one single tone. Helmholtz's definition of dissonance eventually threatens his own theory of hearing, which is based on the mechanical principle of resonance and considers sound to be composed of sinusoidal waves. Both the physical and the mathematical tools he uses cannot easily be brought into accordance with his experimental findings on beats, which ask for a discrimination of fast changes in intensity. Dissonance thus becomes "unrecomendable" for Helmholtz, because it overstrains the ear. Stumpf's research, in contrast, has its point of departure in the historically given set of intervals and tries to find a principle that would explain this choice. His tests with experimental subjects who have no conscious knowledge of musical harmony and prove incapable to follow or reproduce music reveals to him a difference between the unity and multiplicity of tones.

  8. Carl Woese, Dick Young, and the roots of astrobiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rummel, John D

    2014-01-01

    The beginning of the space age in the late 1950s gave rise to innovative and interdisciplinary research concepts and perspectives, including the concept of "exobiology" as a way to approach the fundamental aspects of biology through a study of life outside of the Earth, if it existed. This concept was embodied by NASA into its formal Exobiology Program and into the philosophy of the program both before and after the Viking missions that were launched to Mars to search for signs of life in 1975. Due to both management flexibility and an acceptance of the interdisciplinary nature of the problem of "life in the universe," NASA program managers, and particularly Richard S Young who ran the Exobiology Program beginning 1967, have made some excellent investments in paradigm altering science of great use both on Earth and on future space missions. The work of Carl Woese is one such example, which has revolutionized our understanding of the microbial world and the relationships of all life on Earth.

  9. Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker major texts in physics

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book presents a collection of texts by the German physicist and philosopher Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker (1912-2007), for use in seminars on the history, epistemology and structure of physics. Most texts appear in English for the first time. Weizsäcker became famous through his works in physics, mainly in the early development of nuclear physics. Later he would also become well known as a philosopher and analyst of contemporary culture. Texts include the original publications of the “Weizsäcker-Bethe formula” of nuclear masses and the “Bethe-Weizsäcker cycle,” which explains the source of energy in the sun; both were developed by Bethe at the same time and independently of Weizsäcker. Further texts deal with Weizsäcker’s explanation of the origin of planets, his explanation of the “time arrow” in Statistical Mechanics and his analyses of Quantum Mechanics and the structure of physics in general.

  10. Des tuiles, des toits et des couleurs

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnot, Thierry

    2007-01-01

    La Bourgogne est une des régions françaises dont l’image de marque est le plus imprégnée par la notion de tradition. Elle est présentée comme un terroir où il fait bon vivre, où la gastronomie demeure à travers les siècles une valeur de base, où les paysages sont majestueux et où la gloire passée est sans cesse rappelée par de somptueux monuments. Parmi quelques emblèmes, l’hôtel-Dieu de Beaune et ses toitures de tuiles colorées sont très souvent mobilisés pour représenter ces valeurs « tradi...

  11. Apontamentos sobre o pensamento de Carl Schmitt: um intelectual nazista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cândido Moreira Rodrigues

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentaremos um esboço de alguns pontos do pensamento do jurista alemão Carl Schmitt, fundamentalmente no período da República de Weimar e parte do regime nazista. Será dada maior atenção à sua relação com o conceito de decisão e como tal conceito permeou seus escritos em torno da crítica ao liberalismo/parlamentarismo de Weimar; atentaremos ainda para sua defesa da existência de um Estado Forte como produto da inevitabilidade existencial, da distinção social entre amigos-inimigos e de uma homogeneidade racial e “democrática”, idéias que serviram de esteio ao regime nazista. Tomamos como base de análise as seguintes obras suas em edições mais recentes: A Ditadura 1921, Teologia Política 1922, A Situação intelectual (espiritual do sistema parlamentar atual 1923 e O Conceito do Político 1927. Objetivamos, com assim, contribuir para uma reflexão mais atenta a respeito de um certo "revisionismo schmitiano” que busca, por todos os meios, apresentá-lo como pensador democrático e minimizar sua ligação com o regime nazista, no período de 1933 a 1936 quando esteve ligado ao partido de Hitler. Com isso, se objetiva alertar para o reavivamento de suas idéias de extrema direita, sobretudo em países como Alemanha, Áustria, Itália e, mais recentemente, nos Estados Unidos. Na reflexão sobre pontos de seu pensamento, nos apoiaremos nos escritos de pensadores como Richard Wolin, Kal Löwith, Nicolas Tertulian, Heinrich Meier, Jean-Luc Evard, Jürgen Habermas e no Brasil, Roberto Romano e Bernardo Ferreira.

  12. Des Vents et des Jets Astrophysiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauty, C.

    Plasma outflows from a central gravitating object are a widespread phenomenon in astrophysics. They include the solar and stellar winds, jets from Young Stellar Objects, jets from compact stellar objects and extra-galactic jets associated with Active Galactic Nuclei and quasars. Beyond this huge zoology, a common theoretical ground exists. The aim of this review is to present qualitatively the various theories of winds (Part 1) and how different astrophysical domains interplay. A more or less complete catalog of the ideas proposed for explaining the acceleration and the morphologies of winds and jets is intended. All this part avoids getting into any mathematical formalism. Some macroscopic properties of such outflows may be described by solving the time-independent and axisymmetric magnetohydrodynamic equations. This formalism, underlying most of the theories, is presented in Part 2. It helps to introduce quantitatively the free integrals that such systems possess. Those integrals play an important role in the basic physics of acceleration and collimation, in particular the mass loss rate, the angular momentum loss rate and the energy of the magnetic rotator. Most of the difficulty in modelling flows lies in the necessity to cross critical points, characteristic of non linear equations. The physical nature and the location of such critical points is debated because they are the clue towards the resolution. We thus introduce the notions of topology and critical points (Parts 3 and 4) from the simplest hydrodynamic and spherically symmetric case to the most sophisticated, MHD and axisymmetric cases. Particular attention is given to self-similar models which allows to give some general and simple ideas on the problem due to their semi-analytical treatment. With the use of these notions, a more quantitative comparison of the various models is given (Parts 3 and 4), especially on the shape of the flows. It is thus shown that magnetic collimation of winds into jets is a

  13. [Carl Schirren als Gelehrter im Spannungsfeld von Wissenschaft und politischer Publizistik. 13 Beiträge zum 22. Baltischen Seminar 2010 ; Carl Schirren. Vorlesungen über livländische Geschichte. Nachschrift von Johannes Lossius] / Karsten Brügge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Carl Schirren als Gelehrter im Spannungsfeld von Wissenschaft und politischer Publizistik. 13 Beiträge zum 22. Baltischen Seminar 2010 (Baltische Seminare, 20). Hrsg. von Michael Garleff. Verlag Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft. Lüneburg 2013; Carl Schirren. Vorlesungen über livländische Geschichte. Nachschrift von Johannes Lossius (Baltische Seminare, 20-1). Hrsg. von Carl Schirren und Wilhelm Lenz. Verlag Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft. Lüneburg 2013

  14. [Carl Schirren als Gelehrter im Spannungsfeld von Wissenschaft und politischer Publizistik. 13 Beiträge zum 22. Baltischen Seminar 2010 ; Carl Schirren. Vorlesungen über livländische Geschichte. Nachschrift von Johannes Lossius] / Karsten Brügge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Carl Schirren als Gelehrter im Spannungsfeld von Wissenschaft und politischer Publizistik. 13 Beiträge zum 22. Baltischen Seminar 2010 (Baltische Seminare, 20). Hrsg. von Michael Garleff. Verlag Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft. Lüneburg 2013; Carl Schirren. Vorlesungen über livländische Geschichte. Nachschrift von Johannes Lossius (Baltische Seminare, 20-1). Hrsg. von Carl Schirren und Wilhelm Lenz. Verlag Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft. Lüneburg 2013

  15. G2 - G3 inventive properties, the first french nuclear plants; Caracteristiques generales et aspects originaux des reacteurs G2 et G3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pascal; Horowitz; Bussac; Joatton; De Lagge de Meux; Martin [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    This paper points out the inventive properties of the frenchctors G2 and G3. These are dual purpose reactors, i.e. designed for the production of both plutonium and energy (30 electrical MW); in this respect, they can be considered as the start point of the french electrical energy produced from nuclear fuel. The following points are specially discussed in this paper: the choice of the prestressed concrete pressure vessel, the horizontal arrangement of the channels, the interest of neutron flux flattening, the advantages of the charging and discharging device working during pile operation. (author)Fren. [French] Les caracteres originaux des reacteurs fran is G2 et G3 sont decrits dans ce rapport. Ce sont des reacteurs a double fin, plutonigenes et aussi producteurs d'energie (30 MW electriques); ils constituent a ce titre le point de depart de la production fran ise d'electricite d'origine nucleaire. Sont discutes, en particulier, dans ce rapport: le choix du caisson en beton precontraint pour tenir la pression, la disposition horizontale des canaux, l'interet de l'aplatissement du flux neutronique, les avantages de l'appareil permettant le chargement et le dechargement du combustible sans arreter la pile. (auteur)

  16. [Encounters and re-encounters - philosophy and religion of the physicist Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer-Abich, Michael

    2014-01-01

    (1) Quantum theory deals not just with reality but with the physical (scientific) reality of its objects. Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker understood this to imply that scientific knowledge of objects converges with philosophical knowledge of their objectivity but did not succeed in rounding off physics. (2) We are actors as well as spectators not only in scientific knowledge but in political processes as well, particularly by means of science. It is, therefore, not justified to deny political responsibility even in 'basic research'. Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker identified classical physics as the venture of knowledge without love but believed that this boundary could be transcended. The apparent neutrality of science must not be tolerated by the churches, however. (3) In religion Weizsäcker felt most at home in Buddhist spirituality, this being akin to Christian spirituality which has been more or less lost by the Christian churches. Yet he tried to support his church and to participate in its actions. (4) Lack of love corresponds to an excess of power in the religious critique of science. In both respects Weizsäcker presented the mirror to industrial society but people in general did not recognize their image. The Max-Planck-Society, however, shut up Weizsäcker's "Institute for the study of the conditions of life in the modern world" (Starnberg 1970-1980) as soon as possible. (5) Weizsäcker always refrained from exerting any power except that of reason or truth. According to Lao Tse this is the power least perceived as such. In politics he generally followed the mainstream after once having been tempted to action in 1941/42. His influence on German society was based on his charismatic spirituality.

  17. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker: nuclear disarmament and the search for freedom].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuneck, Götz

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's comprehensive contributions to nuclear disarmament and arms control, as well as his peace policy impulses are to be understood primarily in the context of his family origin, his comprehensive thinking and the historical circumstances of the emerging nuclear age. They have a scientific, political and a strong philosophical-moral component. Beside the factual problems (nuclear energy, military strategy) he was interested in political power issues and their ambivalence and perception. His actual work is not only based on general academic knowledge, but also serve the immediate political influence on a scientific basis. Weizsäcker was not committed to nuclear disarmament or arms control per se, but about creating a lasting peace policy in the nuclear age. The paper discusses in chronological order of Weizsäcker's work within the policy field peace and disarmament. Family origin, study and work on the nuclear programme by Nazi-Germany laid the foundations for his later career. As a young physicist, he was directly involved in the political and ethical dilemma of the military and civilian use of nuclear energy. After the war, in Göttingen and Hamburg the reflections of the Nazi phase and the discussion of ways out of the dangers of the Cold War followed. The Max-Planck Institute in Starnberg dealt with the science-based treatment of global world problems, including the dangers of nuclear proliferation. Finally, Weizsäcker initiated a Peace Council in 1985. He urged both the perception of the moral responsibility of scientists as well as an ethics of the scientific-technological age. According to him, a general and profound change in the consciousness of humankind is needed to solve the existing power problems and the problem of war.

  18. Current algebra; Algebre des courants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacob, M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-07-01

    The first three chapters of these lecture notes are devoted to generalities concerning current algebra. The weak currents are defined, and their main properties given (V-A hypothesis, conserved vector current, selection rules, partially conserved axial current,...). The SU (3) x SU (3) algebra of Gell-Mann is introduced, and the general properties of the non-leptonic weak Hamiltonian are discussed. Chapters 4 to 9 are devoted to some important applications of the algebra. First one proves the Adler- Weisberger formula, in two different ways, by either the infinite momentum frame, or the near-by singularities method. In the others chapters, the latter method is the only one used. The following topics are successively dealt with: semi leptonic decays of K mesons and hyperons, Kroll- Ruderman theorem, non leptonic decays of K mesons and hyperons ( {delta}I = 1/2 rule), low energy theorems concerning processes with emission (or absorption) of a pion or a photon, super-convergence sum rules, and finally, neutrino reactions. (author) [French] La premiere partie de ce cours (trois premiers chapitres), traite des generalites concernant l'algebre de courants. Apres une definition rapide des courants faibles et un rappel de leurs proprietes (hypothese V-A, conservation du courant vecteur, regles de selection, courant axial partiellement conserve,...), l'on introduit l'algebre de Gell-Mann SU (3) x SU (3), et discute les proprietes generales de l'Hamiltonien faible non leptonique. Les chapitres IV a IX sont consacres a des applications importantes de l'algebre des courants. En premier lieu l'on demontre la formule de Adler et Weisberger, par deux methodes differentes, celle dite du repere de moment infini et celle des singularites proches. Cette derniere est seule utilisee dans la suite. Puis, l'on traite successivement les problemes suivants: desintegrations semi-leptoniques des mesons K et des hyperons, theoreme de Kroll

  19. Soberania e exceção no pensamento de Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Newton Bignotto

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura demonstrar que ocorre, no pensamento de Carl Schmitt, a fusão entre a figura do legislador tal como tratada na Antigüidade e aquela do soberano moderno. Resulta disso que o conceito de exceção passa a ocupar o núcleo da vida política.The article tries to demonstrate that in Carl Schmitt's thought, there is a fusion between the concept of ancient legislator and that of modern sovereign. The result is that the concept of exception became nuclear to the political life.

  20. Apontamentos sobre a psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2002-01-01

    O texto faz uma introdução à Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung: define o conceito de Psicologia Analítica, traz uma biografia resumida de Carl Gustav Jung, indica as principais diferenças entre a Psicologia Analítica e a Psicanálise, descreve a estrutura e o funcionamento da psique e, por fim, apresenta sinteticamente as características dos tipos de personalidades traçadas por Jung. The text makes an introduction to the Analytical Psychology of the psycholo...

  1. Iron Rings, Doctor Honoris Causa Raoul Bott, Carl Herz, and a Hidden Hand

    CERN Document Server

    Kotiuga, P Robert

    2010-01-01

    The degree of Doctor of Sciences, honoris causa, was conferred on Raoul Bott by McGill University in 1987. Much of the work to make this happen was done by Carl Herz. Some of the author's personal recollections of both professors are included, along with some context for the awarding of this degree and ample historical tangents. Some cultural aspects occurring in the addresses are elaborated on, primarily, the Canadian engineer's iron ring. This paper also reprints both the convocation address of Raoul Bott and the presentation of Carl Herz on that occasion.

  2. Transformative Poetry. A Case Study of W. H. Auden’s Musée Des Beaux Arts and General Conclusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarot Marcel

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This article situates Auden’s poem Musée des Beaux Arts in the process of his conversion to Christianity. The author argues for the layered intertextuality of the poem, in which allusions to Bruegel’s Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, The Census at Jerusalem, and The Massacre of the Innocents can be recognised. Moreover, Philippe de Champaigne’s Presentation in the Temple and Peter Paul Rubens’s The Martyrdom of St Livinus (in the same museum in Brussels seem also to have influenced the poem. Finally, there is reason to suppose that John Singer Sargent’s Crashed Aeroplane influenced Auden. In an analysis of the structure of the poem, the author argues that there is a clear structure hidden under the surface of day-to-day language. He connects this hidden structure with Auden’s poem The Hidden Law, and suggests that Auden wished to claim that even though we cannot understand suffering, it has a hidden meaning known only to God. This hidden meaning connects our suffering with the self-emptying of Christ, a connection which the author demonstrates is in fact also made in Musée des Beaux Arts.

  3. Against the Luxury of Misunderstanding. Revisiting the Debate between Carl Ratner and Barbara Zielke on an Interview with Kenneth J. Gergen and his Theory of Social Constructionism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jürgen van Oorschot

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available In our contribution we revisit the debate in FQS between Carl RATNER and Kenneth J. GERGEN—the latter also represented by Barbara ZIELKE. First we discuss the hidden premises of each position. Second we give a short introduction to both authors' versions of psychology that consequently result from these premises. In doing this their fundamental thinking about anthropology and human nature in general will arise, and the reader will understand why the debate is so emotional. In summing up, we propose an integrated kind of science that is characterized by a productive dialogue between the positions. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602175

  4. A instrução pública na França revolucionária: considerações a partir do Essais sur l’enseignement en general et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, de Sylvestre-François Lacroix - The public instruction in revolutionary France: some remarks accord

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Vicente Marafioti Garnica

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda o livro Essais sur l'enseignement en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, de Sylvestre-François Lacroix, publicado originalmente na França em 1805, enfatizando sua primeira parte, na qual o autor discute a instrução pública e, particularmente, as escolas centrais da França revolucionária.Palavras-chave: Sylvestre-François Lacroix (1765-1843, instrução pública, Essais sur l'enseigne-ment en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, iluminismo, França. The public instruction in revolutionary France: some remarks according to Lacroix’s Essais sur l’enseignement en general et sur celui des mathématiques en particulierAbstractThe article discusses the book Essais sur l'enseignement en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, by Sylvestre-François Lacroix, originally published in France in 1805. The first part of the book, in which the author discusses public education, and particularly the central schools of revolutionary France, is emphasized.Key-words: Sylvestre-François Lacroix (1765-1843, public instruction, Essais sur l'enseignement en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, enlightenment, France. Instrucción pública en Francia revolucionaria: consideraciones a la vista del libro Essais sur l’enseignement en general et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier, de Sylvestre-François LacroixResumenEl artículo aborda el libro Essais sur l'enseignement en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier de Sylvestre-François Lacroix, publicado originalmente en Francia, en 1805, haciendo hincapié en su primera parte, en la que el autor habla de la instrucción pública y en particular de las escuelas centrales en Francia en el período revolucionario.Palabras-clave: Sylvestre-François Lacroix (1765-1843, instrucción pública, Essais sur l'enseigne-ment en général, et sur celui des mathématiques en particulier

  5. Psyche=singularity: A comparison of Carl Jung's transpersonal psychology and Leonard Susskind's holographic string theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desmond, Timothy

    In this dissertation I discern what Carl Jung calls the mandala image of the ultimate archetype of unity underlying and structuring cosmos and psyche by pointing out parallels between his transpersonal psychology and Stanford physicist Leonard Susskind's string theory. Despite his atheistic, materialistically reductionist interpretation of it, I demonstrate how Susskind's string theory of holographic information conservation at the event horizons of black holes, and the cosmic horizon of the universe, corroborates the following four topics about which Jung wrote: (1) his near-death experience of the cosmic horizon after a heart attack in 1944; ( 2) his equation relating psychic energy to mass, "Psyche=highest intensity in the smallest space" (1997, 162), which I translate into the equation, Psyche=Singularity; (3) his theory that the mandala, a circle or sphere with a central point, is the symbolic image of the ultimate archetype of unity through the union of opposites, which structures both cosmos and psyche, and which rises spontaneously from the collective unconscious to compensate a conscious mind torn by irreconcilable demands (1989, 334-335, 396-397); and (4) his theory of synchronicity. I argue that Susskind's inside-out black hole model of our Big Bang universe forms a geometrically perfect mandala: a central Singularity encompassed by a two-dimensional sphere which serves as a universal memory bank. Moreover, in precise fulfillment of Jung's theory, Susskind used that mandala to reconcile the notoriously incommensurable paradigms of general relativity and quantum mechanics, providing in the process a mathematically plausible explanation for Jung's near-death experience of his past, present, and future life simultaneously at the cosmic horizon. Finally, Susskind's theory also provides a plausible cosmological model to explain Jung's theory of synchronicity--meaningful coincidences may be tied together by strings at the cosmic horizon, from which they

  6. Petite Guerre: Brigadier General George Cook, Commander of the Department of Arizona, Application of Small War Doctrine Against the Apache 1870-1873

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    the Western Frontier (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001), 17. 23Martin F. Schmitt , General George Crook His Autobiography, 2nd ed...military planning to create advantageous battlefield conditions. Crook developed what nineteenth century military theorist Carl Von Clausewitz...Small Wars: Their Principles and Practice. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1995. von Clausewitz, Carl . On War. Edited and translated by Paret

  7. Verwantschap in Extremen : Politieke Theologie bij Walter Benjamin en Carl Schmitt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilde, de Marc

    2008-01-01

    De filosoof Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) en de jurist Carl Schmitt (1889-1985) behoren tot de eersten die de terugkeer van religie in moderne democratieën onder de aandacht brachten en onderwierpen aan een scherpe analyse. In de jaren twintig en dertig zouden zij een dialoog met elkaar zijn aangegaan

  8. Democracia, representación y ciudadanía en el pensamiento de Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Polack

    2011-01-01

    intentado recuperar los aportes hechos por Carl Schmitt a esta reflexión tanto en su historicidad como en los aspectos que han llevado a formular nuevas ideas en la filosofía contemporánea dedicada a la materia.

  9. Carl Schmitt and the Challenge of Spinoza's Pantheism between the World Wars

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koekkoek, Rene

    2014-01-01

    Focusing on Carl Schmitt's early work, this article argues that Schmitt's relatively unfamiliar mystical interpretation of Spinoza's pantheism, in combination with his use of the abbé Sieyès's notion of pouvoir constituant, deeply informed his particular conception of anti-liberal, dictatorial democ

  10. Carl von Linné jälgedes / Piret Veigel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veigel, Piret, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Alanud aastal tähistatakse Carl von Linné, taimede ülemaailmselt käibiva teadusliku klassifitseerimise süsteemi rajaja 300. sünniaastapäeva. Loodusteadlase majast ja aiast Uppsalas, tema suvekodust Hammarby's ja Fredriksdali vabaõhumuuseumist Helsingborgis, kus leiab Linné-aegset maaharimist

  11. Carl Dreyer ja Jeanne d'Arc / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    IV Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil näidatakse kuulsaima taani režissööri Carl Theodor Dreyeri (1889-1968) 7-filmilist retrospektiivi. Pikemalt 1928. aastal Prantsusmaal valminud filmist "Jeanne d'Arci kannatused" ("La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc")

  12. Algunas nociones sobre el Derecho y el Estado según Carl Schmitt

    OpenAIRE

    Houed V., Mario A.

    2016-01-01

    De acuerdo con Carl Schmitt, considerado uno de los principales doctrinarios del pensamiento nacional-socialista alemán existen tres modos en que el jurista puede considerar o concebir científicamente el derecho positivo: a) el derecho como norma (positivismo logicista o normativista); b) el derecho como decisión (positivismo decisionista); y c) el derecho como ordenamiento concreto.

  13. Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics, and Enrgy Science: A Talk by Carl Wieman

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wieman, Carl

    2008-08-30

    Carl Wieman presents a talk at Frontiers in Laser Cooling, Single-Molecule Biophysics and Energy Science, a scientific symposium honoring Steve Chu, director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics. The symposium was held August 30, 2008 in Berkeley.

  14. The Application of Carl Rogers' Person-Centered Learning Theory to Web-Based Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Christopher T.

    This paper provides a review of literature that relates research on Carl Rogers' person-centered learning theory to Web-based learning. Based on the review of the literature, a set of criteria is described that can be used to determine how closely a Web-based course matches the different components of Rogers' person-centered learning theory. Using…

  15. Carl Rogers's Life and Work: An Assessment on the 100Th Anniversary of His Birth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschenbaum, Howard

    2004-01-01

    This article summarizes the life and work of America's most influential counselor and psychotherapist, Carl Rogers. He developed the client-centered, person-centered approach; popularized the term client; pioneered the recording of counseling cases; conducted landmark research on counseling and psychotherapy; and was a leader in the humanistic…

  16. The Coconstruction of Congruency: Investigating the Conceptual Metaphors of Carl Rogers and Gloria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickman, Scott A.; Campbell, Cynthia

    2003-01-01

    The counseling session between Carl Rogers and Gloria is one of the most widely used teaching tools in the field of counselor education. This article explores a framework for investigating conceptual metaphor, which provided a useful method for understanding how meaning negotiation took place within the session as well as how Rogers and Gloria…

  17. An Analysis of How Carl Rogers Enacted Client-Centered Conversation with Gloria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickman, Scott A.; Campbell, Cynthia

    2003-01-01

    This study analyzed Carl Rogers's session with Gloria in "Three Approaches to Psychotherapy" to determine how Rogers's conversational style functioned to enact his core conditions of empathy, genuineness, and unconditional positive regard. Rogers's conversational style was found to be congruent with his espoused theory as well as a…

  18. Education for the 1980s and Beyond: An Interview with Carl Rogers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Edward H., III

    1985-01-01

    Presents an interview with Carl Rogers regarding education today and what it could be in the future. Discusses topics including politics and power, free choice versus conservatism, censorship, facilitators of learning, knowledge children need in today's world, and the changing society as it relates to humanistic education. (BH)

  19. Kui Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumi juhiks välismaalane? / Carl-Dag Lige

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lige, Carl-Dag

    2010-01-01

    2. oktoobril 2010 kuulutati välja konkurss Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumi direktori ametikoha täitmiseks. Helsingi ülikooli magistrant Carl-Dag Lige arhitektuurimuuseumi senisest tegevusest, mõnest välisriigist pärit muuseumijuhi eelistest

  20. A View of the Symbolic-Experiential Family Therapy of Carl Whitaker through Movie Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cag, Pinar; Voltan Acar, Nilufer

    2015-01-01

    The movie "Ya Sonra" is evaluated in respect to the basic concepts and principles of symbolic-experiential family therapy. Carl Whitaker, who called his approach "Psychotherapy of Absurdity" mainly emphasized the concepts of absurdity, experientiality, and symbolism. Based on the hypothesis that film analysis supports and…

  1. Carl Dreyer ja Jeanne d'Arc / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    IV Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil näidatakse kuulsaima taani režissööri Carl Theodor Dreyeri (1889-1968) 7-filmilist retrospektiivi. Pikemalt 1928. aastal Prantsusmaal valminud filmist "Jeanne d'Arci kannatused" ("La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc")

  2. 78 FR 39715 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... receive Federal funds. The Office of Vocational and Adult Education/Division of Academic and Technical... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 (P.L. 109-270) State Plan Guide AGENCY: Office of Vocational and Adult Education...

  3. 78 FR 24394 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-25

    .... The Office of Vocational and Adult Education/Division of Academic and Technical Education program... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 (P.L. 109-270) State Plan Guide AGENCY: Office of Vocational and Adult Education...

  4. Carl von Linné jälgedes / Piret Veigel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veigel, Piret, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Alanud aastal tähistatakse Carl von Linné, taimede ülemaailmselt käibiva teadusliku klassifitseerimise süsteemi rajaja 300. sünniaastapäeva. Loodusteadlase majast ja aiast Uppsalas, tema suvekodust Hammarby's ja Fredriksdali vabaõhumuuseumist Helsingborgis, kus leiab Linné-aegset maaharimist

  5. Carl Schmitt and the Challenge of Spinoza's Pantheism between the World Wars

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koekkoek, Rene

    2014-01-01

    Focusing on Carl Schmitt's early work, this article argues that Schmitt's relatively unfamiliar mystical interpretation of Spinoza's pantheism, in combination with his use of the abbé Sieyès's notion of pouvoir constituant, deeply informed his particular conception of anti-liberal, dictatorial

  6. Hobbes, les pirates et les corsaires. Le « Léviathan échoué » selon Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Weber

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Parmi les nombreux problèmes que pose l’ouvrage de Carl Schmitt Le Léviathan dans la doctrine de l’État de Thomas Hobbes, il en est un, majeur, qui concerne l’utilisation de la « mythologie politique » pour expliquer la réalité ou les doctrines politiques. Il y a là, à n’en pas douter, l’expression de l’un des versants de l’irrationalisme de Schmitt. La thèse de l’auteur est très claire : parce que Hobbes ne possédait aucun « sens mythologique », il s’est trompé de monstre biblique, appelant Leviathan son traité consacré au pouvoir d’État, alors qu’il aurait dû l’appeler plus adéquatement Behemoth, manquant du coup la Meeresbild caractérisant l’Angleterre de son temps. La thèse peut paraître séduisante, elle s’appuie néanmoins sur un présupposé fort contestable, car Hobbes ne vise nullement à créer des mythes. Il s’agit donc d’interroger la théorisation hobbesienne de la piraterie, d’une part, et de la dissidence religieuse « sauvage », d’autre part, afin de montrer que le choix par Hobbes des monstres du Livre de Job est un choix rationnellement assumé.

  7. Einstellungen zur Allgemeinmedizin: eine vergleichende querschnittliche Befragung von Medizinstudierenden des 1. und 5. Studienjahres [Attitudes towards General Practice: a comparative cross-sectional survey of 1 and 5 year medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kruschinski, Carsten

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available [english] Objective: Positive attitudes towards General Practice can be understood as a prerequisite for becoming a General Practitioner (GP and for collaboration with GPs later on. This study aimed to assess attitudes of medical students at the beginning and the end of medical school.Methods: A total of 160 1 year students at Hannover Medical School were surveyed. Their attitudes were compared to those of 287 5 year students. Descriptive, bi- and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate influences of year of study and gender.Results: Year of study and gender both were associated with the attitudes towards General Practice. The interest in General Practice and patient-orientation (communication, care of older patients with chronic diseases was higher in 1 year students compared to more advanced students. Female students valued such requirements more than male students, the differences in attitudes between the years of study being more pronounced in male students.Conclusion: Despite some limitations caused by the cross-sectional design, the attitudes towards General Practice competencies changed to their disadvantage during medical school. This suggests a formative influence of the strategies used in medical education. Educational strategies, however, could be used to bring about a change of attitudes in the other direction.[german] Zielsetzung: Eine positive Einstellung zum Fach Allgemeinmedizin kann als eine Voraussetzung für die Wahl einer Tätigkeit als Hausarzt und für die spätere interprofessionelle Zusammenarbeit angesehen werden. Ziel der Studie war es daher, die Einstellungen von Medizinstudierenden am Beginn zu erheben und mit denen gegen Ende des Studiums zu vergleichen.Methodik: 160 Studienanfänger an der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover wurden zu ihren Einstellungen befragt. Der Vergleich erfolgte anhand einer Kohorte von 287 Studierenden aus dem 5. Jahr. Dazu wurden deskriptive, bi- und multivariate statistische

  8. Loin des sciences sociales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René-Éric Dagorn

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Plusieurs numéros de Livres Hebdo et du Monde des Livres des mois de janvier-février 2002 permettent de proposer un rapide survol des grandes ventes de l’année 2001 et de quelques tendances éditoriales de l’année 2002. Quelques points ressortent particulièrement de la lecture des articles de ces deux sources : l’intérêt de la nouvelle méthode d’estimation des ventes proposée par l’institut Ipsos et Livres Hebdo , le tableau des grandes ventes en 2001 (et ...

  9. La metamorphose des cypris femelles des Rhizocephales

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veillet, A.

    1964-01-01

    Depuis la découverte de la métamorphose des cypris de Sacculina carcini Thompson par Delage, peu de biologistes se sont intéressés au développement des Rhizocéphales. On admet aujourd'hui que tous les Cirripèdes parasites ont, comme Sacculina carcini, une forme kentrogone qui inocule le parasite au

  10. A psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung: apontamentos de aula/The analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung: notes of lesson

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    O texto traz o conteúdo de uma aula sobre Teorias da Personalidade com foco nos fundamentos da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), cuja obra vem apresentando significativas contribuições para a Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. Palavras-chave Psicologia analítica; Teorias da personalidade Abstract The text brings the content of a lesson on Theories of Personality focused in the fundamentals of the Analytical Psychology of...

  11. Martín Almagro Basch, Fernando Gil Carles and the Corpus of Levantine Rock Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cruz Berrocal, María

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The Corpus of Levantine Rock Art [CARL] (1971-1976 is a compilation, as yet unmatched in quality, of color photographs and contextual information on three quarters of the paintings known in Mediterranean Spain. Our reconstruction of its genesis is based on published literature, archival records, and oral history (the last of these constituting a particularly important source for the history of science. Its formation by the prehistorian M. Almagro Basch and the photographer F. Gil Carles illustrates the institutional, personal, and economic context of research in the Franco era. We emphasize Almagro’s contributions in studying, documenting and protecting the art and in resorting to an external purveyor within a scientific project. Gil Carles’s training, his work and his innovative classification of the material (described here for the first time made him Spain’s first heritage photographer. The article shows how the combined efforts of the two made the CARL the only systematic Spanish photographic archive built on an interregional scale and with explicit criteria.

    El Corpus de Arte Rupestre Levantino (1971-1976 es una recopilación de fotografías a color e información contextual sobre las tres cuartas partes de las pinturas conocidas en el arco mediterráneo español, cuya calidad todavía no se ha superado. La reconstrucción de su génesis se basa en bibliografía, archivos e historia oral cuyo valor para la historia de la ciencia se reivindica. La conexión de su trayectoria con las de sus creadores, el prehistoriador M. Almagro Basch y el fotógrafo F. Gil Carles, pone en evidencia el contexto institucional, personal y económico de la investigación durante el franquismo. Se destacan las aportaciones de Almagro en relación con el estudio, documentación y protección del arte y al recurrir a un suministrador externo dentro de un proyecto científico. La formación de Gil Carles, sus actividades y sistemática original de

  12. Impact de la preparation des anodes crues et des conditions de cuisson sur la fissuration dans des anodes denses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amrani, Salah

    electrique a ete suivie et l'etape de devolatilisation a ete identifiee. Certaines anodes ont ete cuites a differents taux de chauffage (bas, moyen, eleve et un autre combine) dans l'objectif de trouver les meilleures conditions de cuisson en vue de minimiser la fissuration. D'autres anodes ont ete cuites a differents niveaux de cuisson, cela dans le but d'identifier a quelle etape de l'operation de cuisson la fissuration commence a se developper. Apres la cuisson, les anodes ont ete recuperees pour, a nouveau, faire leur caracterisation par les memes techniques utilisees precedemment. L'objectif principal de cette partie etait de reveler l'impact de differents parametres sur le probleme de fissuration, qui sont repartis sur toute la chaine de production des anodes. Le pourcentage de megots, la quantite de brai et la distribution des particules sont des facteurs importants a considerer pour etudier l'effet de la matiere premiere sur le probleme de la fissuration. Concernant l'effet des parametres du procede de fabrication sur le meme probleme, le temps de vibration, la pression de compaction et le procede de refroidissement ont ete a la base de cette etude. Finalement, l'influence de la phase de cuisson sur l'apparition de la fissuration a ete prise en consideration par l'intermediaire du taux de chauffage et du niveau de cuisson. Les travaux realises au niveau industriel ont ete faits lors d'une campagne de mesure dans le but d'evaluer la qualite des anodes de carbone en general et l'investigation du probleme de fissuration en particulier. Ensuite, il s'agissait de reveler les effets de differents parametres sur le probleme de la fissuration. Vingt-quatre anodes cuites ont ete utilisees. Elles ont ete fabriquees avec differentes matieres premieres (brai, coke, megots) et sous diverses conditions (pression, temps de vibration). Le parametre de la densite de fissuration a ete calcule en se basant sur l'inspection visuelle de la fissuration des carottes. Cela permet de

  13. ANALYSE DES MODES DE GESTION DES ENTREPRISES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    L'étude de l'art et des biens culturels en général est longtemps restée en ... en économie et management), Université d'Angers / Chef de projet chez Arterial Network. ... culturelles publiques sont apparues à partir de la fin des années 1990.

  14. Des racines et des ailes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphanie Vincent-Geslin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Les mobilités pendulaires semblent être en augmentation en Europe depuis une dizaine d’années. Cette croissance du temps passé à se déplacer amène à remettre en question la conjecture de Zahavi et apparaît relativement inexplicable en regard du paradigme classique de l’acteur rationnel traditionnellement utilisé dans le champ des transports. Si, dans la littérature, les temps de déplacements sont principalement expliqués par le contexte résidentiel, la forme urbaine et le travail, ce cadre explicatif ne dit rien des processus de décision eux-mêmes qui amènent aux pendularités intensives.À partir d’une enquête qualitative menée auprès de pendulaires français, suisses et belges, cette contribution propose d’analyser les arbitrages et les éléments déterminants des processus de la grande pendularité. Les mobilités quotidiennes pendulaires apparaissent comme le résultat de compromis entre activité professionnelle, attachement résidentiel et choix de vie et prennent ainsi la forme de stratégies de conciliation entre vie privée et vie professionnelle. Ces mobilités spatiales permettent alors paradoxalement la préservation des ancrages résidentiels, sociaux et familiaux.Roots and wings. Long-distance commuting patterns, or how to conciliate professional and personal lifeLong-distance commuting patterns appear to be increasing in Europe over the last ten years. These raising mobility patterns lead to reappraise the Zahavi conjecture and appear largely inexplicable by the classical rational actor paradigm traditionally used in transportation research. In literature, commuting is mainly explained by residential contexts, urban forms and job. Nevertheless this theoretical frame says little about the decision-making processes themselves. Based on a qualitative survey conducted in three European countries - France, Belgium and Switzerland – among a population of high commuters, this paper proposes an analysis of

  15. Etude numerique et experimentale de la reponse vibro-acoustique des structures raidies a des excitations aeriennes et solidiennes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mejdi, Abderrazak

    Les fuselages des avions sont generalement en aluminium ou en composite renforces par des raidisseurs longitudinaux (lisses) et transversaux (cadres). Les raidisseurs peuvent etre metalliques ou en composite. Durant leurs differentes phases de vol, les structures d'avions sont soumises a des excitations aeriennes (couche limite turbulente : TBL, champs diffus : DAF) sur la peau exterieure dont l'energie acoustique produite se transmet a l'interieur de la cabine. Les moteurs, montes sur la structure, produisent une excitation solidienne significative. Ce projet a pour objectifs de developper et de mettre en place des strategies de modelisations des fuselages d'avions soumises a des excitations aeriennes et solidiennes. Tous d'abord, une mise a jour des modeles existants de la TBL apparait dans le deuxieme chapitre afin de mieux les classer. Les proprietes de la reponse vibro-acoustique des structures planes finies et infinies sont analysees. Dans le troisieme chapitre, les hypotheses sur lesquelles sont bases les modeles existants concernant les structures metalliques orthogonalement raidies soumises a des excitations mecaniques, DAF et TBL sont reexamines en premier lieu. Ensuite, une modelisation fine et fiable de ces structures est developpee. Le modele est valide numeriquement a l'aide des methodes des elements finis (FEM) et de frontiere (BEM). Des tests de validations experimentales sont realises sur des panneaux d'avions fournis par des societes aeronautiques. Au quatrieme chapitre, une extension vers les structures composites renforcees par des raidisseurs aussi en composites et de formes complexes est etablie. Un modele analytique simple est egalement implemente et valide numeriquement. Au cinquieme chapitre, la modelisation des structures raidies periodiques en composites est beaucoup plus raffinee par la prise en compte des effets de couplage des deplacements planes et transversaux. L'effet de taille des structures finies periodiques est egalement pris en

  16. A Dialogue with Carl Rogers: Cross-Cultural Challenges of Facilitating Person-Centered Groups in Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hain-Hill, Alicia; Rogers, Carl R.

    1988-01-01

    Presents brainstorming dialogue with Carl Rogers which was held in January of 1987, shortly before Rogers's death. Explores basic challenges involved in a large-scale, cross-cultural application of person-centered group work in South Africa. (Author)

  17. Review: Hans Carl von Carlowitz (2013: Sylvicultura oeconomica oder haußwirthliche Nachricht und naturmäßige Anweisung zur wilden Baum-Zucht. Joachim Hamberger (ed.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kramer, Hans-Ulrich

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Der Begriff „Nachhaltigkeit“ hat in den letzten 25 Jahren eine beispiellose Karriere gemacht: Er ist zu einem Schlüsselbegriff, wenn nicht gar zu einem Leitprinzip für das 21. Jahrhundert geworden. Wenn man zu den ideengeschichtlichen Wurzeln des Begriffs vordringen möchte, muss man genau 300 Jahre zurückgehen: 1713 erschien das Buch „Sylvicultura oeconomica“ des Sachsen Hans Carl von Carlowitz (1645-1714, der erstmals ein geschlossenes Werk über die Forstwirtschaft vorlegte und den Begriff „Nachhaltigkeit“ im heute gebräuchlichen Sinne einer positiven Zukunftsgestaltung verwendete. Anlässlich des 300. Jahrestags der Erstveröffentlichung von „Sylvicultura oeconomica“ ist unlängst im oekom-Verlag eine Neuausgabe dieses wichtigen Werks erschienen, die eng an das Original angelehnt ist, dieses aber noch um weiterführende Informationen ergänzt. Von der Optik weiß die liebevolle, edle Aufmachung der Neuausgabe zu gefallen, die vom promovierten Forstwissenschaftler Joachim Hamberger herausgegeben wurde. Neben dem ästhetischen wird auch der wissenschaftliche Anspruch voll und ganz erfüllt: Das Carlowitz-Werk ist in einen größeren Kontext eingebettet und wird so für den heutigen Leser nachvollziehbar.

  18. Sujeito e ordem: romantismo e decisionismo no pensamento de Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreira Bernardo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to discuss the link in the work of Carl Schmitt between the critique of romanticism and the reflection on the themes of sovereignty and decision. Based on an analysis of some key issues in the books Politische Romantik (Political Romanticism, Politische Theologie (Political Theology, and Die Diktatur (The Dictatorship, the article analyzes how, in Carl Schmitt, romanticism and decisionism represent counterpoised conceptual universes, which refer to each other in various aspects. The attempt is thus to highlight both the structurally controversial nature of the German jurist?s ideas and the close ties between his legal/political theory and his critique of the liberal-bourgeois order as a synthesis of modernity.

  19. Carl Ehrnroothi kogu lõpp : Balti hõbeda teatmebaasi õige koht oleks Eestis / Kaalu Kirme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirme, Kaalu, 1928-

    2006-01-01

    Soome kollektsionääri Carl Ehrnroothi Balti hõbeda kogust, selle rariteetsetest esemetest. 17.-27. XI Stockholmis toimunud Balti hõbeda oksjonil läks müüki kogu 46 eset, neist 24 on valmistanud Eesti ja 22 Läti meistrid. Balti hõbeda andmepanga, mida koostasid Carl Ehrnrooth, Raimo Fagerström ja Kaalu Kirme, tulevikust

  20. Ernst Mayr and Carl Sagan debate about the probability of intelligent life in the universe

    OpenAIRE

    Lemarchand, Guillermo A.; Mayr, Ernst; Sagan, Carl

    2010-01-01

    During the Second Iberoamerican Graduate School on Astrobiology interesting debates, between the experts from the biological and physical backgrounds, arose about the probability of the existence of extraterrestrial intelligent beings in the universe. For this reason, it is appropriate to reproduce -for the first time in Spanish- the debate on the subject conducted, in 1995, between Carl Sagan and Ernst Mayr. This debate was organized by Guillermo A. Lemarchand and published in the pages of t...

  1. Education and public outreach at the Carl Sagan Solar Observatory of the University of Sonora

    OpenAIRE

    Julio Saucedo-Morales; Pablo Loera-González

    2013-01-01

    We discuss the importance of small solar observatories for EPO (Education and Public Outreach), mentioning why they are relevant and what kind of equipment and software require. We stress the fact that technological advances have made them affordable and that they should be widely available. This work is a result of our experience with one: The Carl Sagan Solar Observatory (CSSO). We briefly describe its status and the solar data obtained daily with students participation. We present examples...

  2. EJERCICIO DE EPISTEMOLOGÍA ELEMENTAL SOBRE UN CUENTO DE CARL SAGAN

    OpenAIRE

    Edison Otero Bello

    2011-01-01

    En su libro El Hombre y sus demonios, subtitulado La ciencia como una luz en la oscuridad, el astrónomo Carl Sagan, incluye el siguiente cuento, probable-mente inventado por él mismo y que nosotros recreamos aquí con ligeras y no sustanciales modificaciones, con el propósito de oponer el gesto científico y el pensamiento ilusorio.

  3. EJERCICIO DE EPISTEMOLOGÍA ELEMENTAL, SOBRE UN CUENTO DE CARL SAGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edison Otero Bello

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available En su libro El Hombre y sus demonios, subtitulado La ciencia como una luz en la oscuridad, el astrónomo Carl Sagan, incluye el siguiente cuento, probable-mente inventado por él mismo y que nosotros recreamos aquí con ligeras y no sustanciales modificaciones, con el propósito de oponer el gesto científico y el pensamiento ilusorio.

  4. ["Living with the bomb" - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's path from physics to politics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker spanned a spectrum from physics to politics, with philosophy in-between. This chapter surveys the most controversial part of his career, including his work on nuclear weapons and participation in cultural propaganda during the Second World War, his subsequent active political engagement during the postwar Federal German Republic, in particular the role of nuclear weapons, and his participation in myths surrounding Hitler's Bomb".

  5. La poètica de Carles Salvador i la generació de 1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís B. Meseguer

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Meseguer situates Carles Salvador within the literary trends of his contemporaries. He deals with Salvador's implicit and explicit ideological influences, focusing on the poetics of various texts: El jazz, el maquinisme i la poesia pura (1928, Colps d'escut i de sageta (1929, Significado de Avantguardisme, his declaration in La poesia valenciana en 1930, and his unpublished paper El meu concepte de la poesia.

  6. Feeling our way into empathy: Carl rogers, Heinz Kohut, and Jesus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, G

    1991-09-01

    Throughout their academic careers Carl Rogers and Heinz Kohut developed two contrasting definitions of empathy that influenced the ways in which both men sought to help their clients cope with emotional suffering. These two different understandings of empathy are contrasted to each other and finally compared with the understanding of empathy demonstrated in the teachings and actions of Jesus. It is hoped that through studying these ancient religious narratives we might be able to recover a deeper meaning of empathy.

  7. Insener Heinrich Laul ja Eesti XX sajandi ehituskultuur / Maris Suits, Carl-Dag Lige

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suits, Maris

    2010-01-01

    Näitus "Heinrich Laul 100" Tallinna Tehnikaülikoolis 10. sept.-4. okt. 2010. Näituse koostajad: Maris Suits (Eesti Kunstiakadeemia), Carl-Dag Lige (Helsingi Ülikool), Milvi Vahtra (TTÜ), näituse korraldajad: Signe Jantson ja Karl Õiger (TTÜ). Ehitusinsenerist ja -teadlasest Heinrich Laulust, tema tegevusest, seostest August Komendandiga. Koorikute koolkonnast ja teaduspõhisest ehituspraktikast. Tallinna laululavast. Seminarist ja H. Laulu artiklikogumikust

  8. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's philosophy of the mind].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyre, Holger

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's position within the philosophy of mind. It turns out that Weizsäcker's ontology is based on an unorthodox conception both in the philosophy of physics and in the philosophy of mind. His quantum information theoretic reductionism is based on a subtle combination of atomism and holism, his philosophy of mind connected to this is a neutral monism, which proposes a bold intertwining of mind, matter, and space.

  9. La modelisation mathematique dans l'enseignement de la chimie des gaz a des eleves de la cinquieme annee du secondaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauthier, Diane

    Les problemes d'enseignement de la chimie des gaz parfaits sont donc importants. Si plusieurs etudes ont ete realisees dans le but d'identifier et d'interpreter ces problemes, aucune recherche, a notre connaissance, n'a ete realisee sur l'enseignement des lois sur les gaz parfaits. Notre recherche sur l'enseignement est donc pionniere. Elle a pour objectif general de construire et d'analyser une sequence d'enseignement de la chimie des gaz comportant diverses situations de modelisation mathematique des conduites des gaz. Les principaux objectifs specifiques sont les suivants: (1) identifier et caracteriser les situations qui provoquent une evolution des conceptions naives des eleves, evolution vers des connaissances plus adequate sur les gaz; (2) identifier et caractEriser les situations qui provoquent une evolution des connaissances mathematiques des eleves leur permettant d'interpreter convenablement les resultats des experiences, d'eprouver leurs conceptions, de donner un sens aux notions et aux relations impliquees dans les lois des gaz parfaits, lois de Boyle-Mariotte et Gay-Lussac. Une sequence d'enseignement comportant huit situations est d'eleves de secondaire V. La construction de ces situations est orientee par les recherches sur les conceptions naives des eleves, par les etudes sur l'evolution historique des conceptions sur les gaz et des pratiques scientifiques, ainsi que par les etudes theoriques et empiriques realisees en didactique des sciences et des mathematiques. La methodologie de l'ingenierie didactique (Artigue, 1998) qui constitue une application de la theorie des situations didactiques (Brousseau, 1986) est utilisee dans la construction et l'analyse des situations d'enseignement. Une analyse a priori de chacune des situations d'enseignement est effectuee; elle a pour but dexpliquer les choix des taches qui font partie des situations et de preciser la gestion didactique des situations. Diverses situations d'enseignement de la chimie ont ainsi

  10. Mutations in the Plasmodium falciparum Cyclic Amine Resistance Locus (PfCARL Confer Multidrug Resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory LaMonte

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Mutations in the Plasmodium falciparum cyclic amine resistance locus (PfCARL are associated with parasite resistance to the imidazolopiperazines, a potent class of novel antimalarial compounds that display both prophylactic and transmission-blocking activity, in addition to activity against blood-stage parasites. Here, we show that pfcarl encodes a protein, with a predicted molecular weight of 153 kDa, that localizes to the cis-Golgi apparatus of the parasite in both asexual and sexual blood stages. Utilizing clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR-mediated gene introduction of 5 variants (L830V, S1076N/I, V1103L, and I1139K, we demonstrate that mutations in pfcarl are sufficient to generate resistance against the imidazolopiperazines in both asexual and sexual blood-stage parasites. We further determined that the mutant PfCARL protein confers resistance to several structurally unrelated compounds. These data suggest that PfCARL modulates the levels of small-molecule inhibitors that affect Golgi-related processes, such as protein sorting or membrane trafficking, and is therefore an important mechanism of resistance in malaria parasites.

  11. Generalized corrosion of nickel base alloys in high temperature aqueous media: a contribution to the comprehension of the mechanisms; Corrosion generalisee des alliages a base nickel en milieu aqueux a haute temperature: apport a la comprehension des mecanismes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marchetti-Sillans, L

    2007-11-15

    In France, nickel base alloys, such as alloy 600 and alloy 690, are the materials constituting steam generators (SG) tubes of pressurized water reactors (PWR). The generalized corrosion resulting from the interaction between these alloys and the PWR primary media leads, on the one hand, to the formation of a thin protective oxide scale ({approx} 10 nm), and on the other hand, to the release of cations in the primary circuit, which entails an increase of the global radioactivity of this circuit. The goal of this work is to supply some new comprehension elements about nickel base alloys corrosion phenomena in PWR primary media, taking up with underlining the effects of metallurgical and physico-chemical parameters on the nature and the growth mechanisms of the protective oxide scale. In this context, the passive film formed during the exposition of alloys 600, 690 and Ni-30Cr, in conditions simulating the PWR primary media, has been analyzed by a set of characterization techniques (SEM, TEM, PEC and MPEC, XPS). The coupling of these methods leads to a fine description, in terms of nature and structure, of the multilayered oxide forming during the exposition of nickel base alloys in primary media. Thus, the protective part of the oxide scale is composed of a continuous layer of iron and nickel mixed chromite, and Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} nodules dispersed at the alloy / mixed chromite interface. The study of protective scale growth mechanisms by tracers and markers experiments reveals that the formation of the mixed chromite is the consequence of an anionic mechanism, resulting from short circuits like grain boundaries diffusion. Besides, the impact of alloy surface defects has also been studied, underlining a double effect of this parameter, which influences the short circuits diffusion density in oxide and the formation rate of Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} nodules. The sum of these results leads to suggest a description of the nickel base alloys corrosion mechanisms in PWR primary

  12. [Carl Arthur Scheunert's experiments on human nutrition, 1938-1943: boundary transgressions of a scientist under national socialism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joost, Hans-Georg

    2012-01-01

    Carl Arthur Scheunert (1879-1957) was a German scientist who supervised several studies with prisoners that were designed to assess the optimal vitamin and nutrient supply, and were conducted by his associate Karl-Heinz Wagner (1911-2007) from 1938 to 1943. This contribution describes the aims, results and conclusions of Scheunert's research 1923 to 1945 in comparison with the national and international vitamin research and its consequences for public health measures. Conditions and results of the human experiments are reconstructed and compared with similar studies performed in other countries. Burden as well as health risks for the study participants are assessed. In addition, it is discussed whether general rules for human experimentation were followed (e.g. informed consent and minimizing of health risks). Although the available documents support the conclusion that no deaths or lasting injuries were caused, the experiments violated ethical standards, in particular because of the conditions in the Waldheim prison including progressive deterioration of nutrition and health.

  13. Liste des intrants 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Speiser, Bernhard; Tamm, Lucius; Maurer, Veronika; Berner, Alfred; Schneider, Claudia; Chevillat, Véronique

    2015-01-01

    La liste des intrants contient tous les produits phytosanitaires, les engrais, les substrats du commerce, les produits de lutte contre les mouches des étables, les agents d'ensilage, les aliments minéraux et complémentaires, les produits pour la désinfection des stabulations et les produits contre les maladies des abeilles autorisés pour l'agriculture biologique. Cette liste est contraignante pour les producteurs de Bio Suisse. Sur les fermes Bio Suisse, seuls les produits mentionnés sont aut...

  14. Evaluation of the flathead catfish population and fishery on Lake Carl Blackwell, Oklahoma, with emphasis on the effects of noodling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkelman, Dana L.; Michaletz, Paul H.; Travnichek, Vincent H.

    2011-01-01

    I conducted a 3-year study at Lake Carl Blackwell, Oklahoma to estimate effects of various fishing gears on the flathead catfish Pylodictis olivaris population. Managers were particularly interested in the effect of handfishing or noodling on this population. I used a phone survey to assess angler effort and electrofishing and gill nets to calculate standard population metrics to assess composition of the current population. Survey data indicated that fishing effort and harvest were highest for trotlines and juglines and lowest for noodling. Size distribution of fish harvested by noodlers was not different from sizes that were available in the fishery and was similar to those fish harvested with other gears. Flathead catfish Sampled in Lake Carl Blackwell ranged in size from 38 to 1,220 mm total length, and 77% of the population was less than 508 mm (minimum legal size). Estimated total annual mortality was about 11%. Proportional size distribution (PSD) of flathead catfish for Lake Carl Blackwell indicates that about 70% of legal-sized flathead catfish were over the preferred size of 710 mm. Overall, the Lake Carl Blackwell flathead catfish population appeared healthy. There were a wide range of sizes and ages in the population, and PSD indicated a well-balanced population with many preferred and memorable-sized fish. Due to its rarity, noodling is probably not adversely influencing the population. Additionally, noodling at Lake Carl Blackwell does not appear to be as size-selective as previously thought. 

  15. FR: Des outils conceptuels et méthodologiques pour la médecine générale ENG: Conceptual and methodological tools for general practice

    OpenAIRE

    ROLAND, Michel

    2006-01-01

    Résumé Cette thèse est le rassemblement, par blocs homogènes, de notes d’orientation, de présentations orales, de textes variés, rédigés pour des revues scientifiques, comme chapitres de livres, pour des colloques ou des congrès, pour divers décideurs politiques, des années 80 à ce jour. Son but est de montrer leur cohérence avec un fil conducteur commun :le développement d’outils conceptuels et méthodologiques utiles pour la pratique de la médecine générale en particulier, pour le syst...

  16. Wissenschaftliche Netzwerke und klassifikatorische Bedeutung im Psychiatrischen Handbuch (Traité de Psychiatrie der Medizinisch-Chirurgischen Enzyklopädie (1947-1977 am Beispiel des Begriffes der Psychose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Delille

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Der deutsche Ausdruck ‘Psychose’ (Carl Friedrich Canstatt, 1841 ist der wissenschaftliche Begriff, der sich zur Bezeichnung von bestimmten Geisteskrankheiten durchgesetzt hat. Als Ausgangsperspektive für die Untersuchung dient dabei die Geschichte der wissenschaftlichen Soziabilitäten. Der Zeitraum (1947-1977 wurde entsprechend der Tätigkeit des französischen Psychiaters Henri Ey im Rahmen der Gruppe „l’Evolution Psychiatrique“ (die Psychiatrische Entwicklung abgesteckt. Ich untersuche in ...

  17. Carl Schmitt and Ahasver. The Idea of the State and the Wandering Jew

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galit Hasan- Rokem

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available In this article the cultural effects and the specific reverberations in Carl Schmitt’s work of two literary figures emerging in vastly different cultural contexts in the 16th century, Leviathan and the Wandering Jew, are analyzed using a pair of discursive concepts – political theology and Midrash. My aim is to show that whereas Schmitt was informed by the kind of stereotypical thinking embodied in the legendary and very popular figure of Ahasver, the figure itself was suppressed and replaced by a seemingly rational political discourse addressing Leviathan.

  18. A Contingent Affinity: Max Weber, Carl Schmitt, and the Challenge of Modern Politics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magalhães, Pedro T

    2016-01-01

    The thesis that the theory of charismatic-plebiscitary democracy developed by Max Weber in the wake of the Weimar Republic was developed to its ultimate consequences by Carl Schmitt in the final crisis of Weimar has been hotly debated since it was first advanced in the 1950s. This paper proposes a fresh look at the controversy. By comparing both authors' concepts of politics in their relation to the problem of modernity, it argues that the Weber-Schmitt affair is neither a baseless legend nor a case of natural continuity. Instead, it should rather be understood in terms of a contingent affinity.

  19. Mistaken Identity and Mirror Images: Albert and Carl Einstein, Leiden and Berlin, Relativity and Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dongen, Jeroen

    2012-06-01

    Albert Einstein accepted a "special" visiting professorship at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands in February 1920. Although his appointment should have been a mere formality, it took until October of that year before Einstein could occupy his special chair. Why the delay? The explanation involves a case of mistaken identity with Carl Einstein, Dadaist art, and a particular Dutch fear of revolutions. But what revolutions was one afraid of? The story of Einstein's Leiden chair throws new light on the reception of relativity and its creator in the Netherlands and in Germany.

  20. Carl Cohen's 'kind' arguments for animal rights and against human rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nobis, Nathan

    2004-01-01

    Carl Cohen's arguments against animal rights are shown to be unsound. His strategy entails that animals have rights, that humans do not, the negations of those conclusions, and other false and inconsistent implications. His main premise seems to imply that one can fail all tests and assignments in a class and yet easily pass if one's peers are passing and that one can become a convicted criminal merely by setting foot in a prison. However, since his moral principles imply that nearly all exploitive uses of animals are wrong anyway, foes of animal rights are advised to seek philosophical consolations elsewhere. I note that some other philosophers' arguments are subject to similar objections.

  1. [Ars medica Anhaltina (II): Carl Ferdinand Graefe (1787-1840) and the Alexisbad spa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, W; Völker, A

    1986-04-15

    In 1985 the spa Alexisbad in the Harz Mountains celebrated the 175th anniversary of its creation. Its establishment is to be seen in close connection with the activities of the subsequent Berlin professor in ordinary Carl Ferdinand Graefe (1787-1840) in Anhalt-Bernburg. The early development of the spa which for a certain time was fused with the Beringerbrunnen in Suderode is characterized by the activities of several engaged sanatory physicians whose spectre of task allows insights in the balneological organisation of the 19th century.

  2. Ernst Mayr and Carl Sagan debate about the probability of intelligent life in the universe

    CERN Document Server

    Lemarchand, Guillermo A; Sagan, Carl

    2010-01-01

    During the Second Iberoamerican Graduate School on Astrobiology interesting debates, between the experts from the biological and physical backgrounds, arose about the probability of the existence of extraterrestrial intelligent beings in the universe. For this reason, it is appropriate to reproduce -for the first time in Spanish- the debate on the subject conducted, in 1995, between Carl Sagan and Ernst Mayr. This debate was organized by Guillermo A. Lemarchand and published in the pages of two consecutive numbers of "Bioastronomy News". Here we reproduce the complete debate, including its original introduction.

  3. [Carl Gustav Carus (1789-1869) and his single ophthalmologic publication].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jähne, M

    1990-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus is the most important personality in medicine in Dresden in the first half of the 19th century. He is well known for his manifold activity as a doctor, scientist and philosopher as well as a landscape painter of the romantic period. His literary output is estimated at about 25,000 printed pages. There is just one paper which touches ophthalmology and teratology: in 1842, Carus described the monstrous head of a pig with cyclopia. The discussion follows an idealistic line with comparative anatomical studies in fauna and flora.

  4. El modelo nomológico de la explicación de Carl G. Hempel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holbein Giraldo Paredes

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En el siguiente artículo se presenta un acercamiento al concepto de explicación desarrollado por Carl Hempel, sus características y requisitos para alcanzar lo que el empirismo lógico llamaría el modelo de cobertura legal o monismo metodológico, al igual que una reconstrucción de las diferencias entre explicación y predicción. Y la aplicación del modelo nomológico deductivo de la explicación a la disciplina histórica.

  5. [Lars Hertervig and Carl Fredrik Hill--creativeness and mental illness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torkildsen, Øivind; Farbu, Elisabeth

    2005-12-15

    It seems to be a correlation between creativity and mental illnesses like manic-depressive illness and schizophrenia. The reason for this is partly unknown, but neuropsychological investigations have proposed mechanisms which could help to explain this association. Lars Hertervig (1830-1902) and Carl Fredrik Hill (1849-1911) are two famous Scandinavian landscape painters from the end of the 19th century, both of whom suffered from mental illness. This paper describes the artistic development of the two painters and discusses this in relation to how brain diseases may influence creativity and artistic expression.

  6. VIDA URBANA E MODERNIDADE NAS OBRAS DE CARL SCHORSKE, RICHARD SENNET E MARSHALL BERMAN.

    OpenAIRE

    Augustus Sêga, Rafael

    2001-01-01

    O presente artigo pretende fazer uma breve exposição dos livros de Carl E. Schorske, "Viena fin-desiècle, política e cultura."; de Richard Sennet, "O declínio do homem público, as tiranias da intimidade."; e de Marshall Berman, "Tudo que é sólido desmancha no ar, a aventura da modernidade." Procuramos tecer uma rede capaz de captar as manifestações sobre vida urbana e modernidade nas obras de autores com formações acadêmicas distintas e como eles abordam tais questões. Para tanto, assuntos di...

  7. Gestion des risques

    CERN Document Server

    Louisot, Jean-Paul

    2009-01-01

    Depuis le début du lie siècle, la gestion des risques connaît une véritable révolution culturelle. Jusqu'alors fonction technique, centrée autour de l'achat de couverture d'assurances, elle est devenue une discipline managériale et transversale : une valise d'instruments que chaque manager doit connaître et appliquer quels que soient son domaine de compétence et ses missions au sein de l'organisation. En effet, la gestion des risques est une culture qui doit être assimilée par chacun des acteurs. C'est précisément l'ambition des 101 questions rassemblées dans cet ouvrage : apporter à chaque manager d'entreprise, de collectivité, d'établissement de santé..., des réponses claires au " pourquoi " et au " comment " : Comment identifier les risques ? Comment analyser les risques ? Quels sont les objectifs de la gestion des risques ? Une carte des risques pour quoi faire ? Pourquoi faut-il financer les risques ? Les entreprises ont-elles des responsabilités pénales ? En quoi consiste la gestion...

  8. Le dialogisme intertextuel des contes des Grimm

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    « Le caractère le plus important de l’énoncé, ou en tous cas le plus ignoré, est son dialogisme, c’est-à-dire sa dimension intertextuelle », constate Todorov en référence à la conception dialogique du langage proposée par Bakthine. Cet article introductif postule que ce constat s’applique aussi aux contes des Grimm. En partant des recherches déjà menées sur Apulée, Straporola, Basile, Perrault, La Fontaine et Lhéritier, il présente des concepts (réponse intertextuelle, reconfiguration génériq...

  9. Carl Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyle, R A; Shampo, M A

    1978-11-17

    Physicians should be prepared to provide prophylactic medications for travelers to malarious areas and to treat patients with malaria. Chloroquine hydrochloride is the suppressive agent of choice for treatment of mild infections due to all species of malaria except for those due to chloroquine-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum. For treatment of severe infections with P falciparum and for treatment of all infections due to chloroquine-resistant strains of P falciparum quinine is the suppressive agent of choice. Chloroquine is also the prophylactic agent of choice for most travelers. To prevent infection with P vivax or P ovale, primaquine must also be given. A RBC glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase level should be obtained before administration of primaquine. For prophylaxis of chloroquine-resistant strains of P falciparum, no completely satisfactory regime is presently available in the United States.

  10. [Carl Ludwig and his place in the history of kidney physiology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    From, Jesper

    2015-01-01

    Only very little was known about the physiology of the kidneys until the middle of the 19th century. The turning point came in 1842 when the famous German physiologist and physician Carl Ludwig (1816-1895) presented a theory about a two-step process (filtration and reabsorption) leading to the excretion of urine. This paper turns the highlights on Ludwig and the period in which he lived. It also tells the story about the anatomical studies in the 17th century and the chemical approaches to urine and kidney physiology in the 18th century preceding the research of Carl Ludwig. The theory of filtration and reabsorption was opposed by another theory (the secretion theory) regarding the kidney as a gland, like for instance the salivary glands. The origin of this theory can be dated back to Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694) in the Renaissance, but it was carried further on by William Bowman (1816-1892) and especially Rudolph Heidenhain (1834-1897) in the 19th century. The research in the 1920's and 1930's marked the end of the fight between the two theories. It proofed that Ludwig was right and it gave him posthumously the recognition that he all the time had deserved.

  11. Parallels in the Beliefs and Works of Margaret Fuller and Carl Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerry Aldridge

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Margaret Fuller, the 19th-century feminist and Transcendentalist, has been compared with Louisa May Alcott, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Henry David Thoreau. The life and theories of Carl Jung, the 20th-century psychiatrist, have been compared with the works of Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Jean Piaget, and Sabina Spielrein among others. However, no comparisons have been published concerning the beliefs and works of Fuller and Jung. The purpose of this research was to compare and contrast the beliefs and written works of Margaret Fuller and Carl Jung. Similarities and differences were reported among their ideologies. Similarities in their childhood and adult dreams, literary references, spiritual beliefs, and explorations of gender were described. Differences were reported, which included the focus of their writings and their ideas about who is to blame when things go wrong, and how to deal with the individual daemon in each person was also explored. Special consideration was given to how closely their writings intersect. Specifically, the authors questioned whether Jung was inspired by the ideas and writings of Fuller. To answer this question, five possibilities were identified.

  12. Charles Darwin and other great men in correspondence with Carl Wilhelm von Naegeli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naegeli, W; Wiedemann, H R

    1993-04-15

    The great Swiss-German botanist Carl Wilhelm von Naegeli (1817-1891) was a student of Lorenz Oken, A.P. de Candolle, and Matthias Jacob Schleiden and became a key figure in "genetic" (i.e., evolutionary-developmental) biology in the mid-late 19th century. He was an expert on the hawk-weed, Hieracium and also made important contributions to microbiology. One of his many outstanding students was Carl Correns, one of the 3 rediscoverers of Mendel's work. Naegeli was an early proponent and defender of Darwin. The correspondence preserved in the Naegeli family contains many important letters between Naegeli and his contemporaries. Those from Mendel to Naegeli have passed out of the Naegeli family and were published by Correns earlier in the century. However, exceptionally notable items still in the archives of the Naegeli family include 4 surviving letters from Darwin, 2 letters from Virchow, and 10 from Justus von Liebig. In spite of a lack of appreciation of Mendel's work, we call attention to the importance of those surviving documents from an era in which very few of the greatest naturalists and founders of modern biology--including Goethe, Darwin, Galton, Agassiz, von Humboldt, von Baer--were without "blind spots."

  13. El viaje americano del botánico Carl Friedrich Eduard Otto (1838-1841

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebok, Sandra

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The German naturalist Carl Friedrich Eduard Otto travelled during the 1838-1841 period through the West Indies and the American continent looking for botanical specimen and made a study on the social customs of the inhabitants. He went to Cuba, the United States of America and Venezuela. This work contains a further description of the places he visited and the itineraries he followed. The alive plants he harvested, were sent to the Botanical Garden in Berlin while the dry plants were sent to the Royal Herbarium. This study focuses on Otto and Humbolt’s different criteria regarding the slavery and describes Otto’s ideological class-conscious positions.El naturalista alemán Carl Friedrich Eduard Otto viajó entre los años 1838 a 1841 por las Antillas y el Continente americano en busca de especímenes botánicos y para estudiar las costumbres sociales de sus habitantes. Visitó Cuba, Estados Unidos y Venezuela. El trabajo describe los lugares visitados e itinerarios seguidos. Las plantas vivas recolectadas tuvieron como destino el Jardín Botánico de Berlín y las plantas secas el Real Herbario. El estudio señala las diferencias de criterio entre Otto y Humbolt en el tema de la esclavitud y describe las posiciones ideológicas clasistas del primero.

  14. Maldito Spinoza: el ataque de Carl Schmitt al "Tratado teológico-político" de Baruch de Spinoza

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández-Flórez, Lucía

    2010-01-01

    Se exponen los motivos ideológicos del ataque de carl schmitt contra la filosofía política moderna, particularmente contra baruch de spinoza, a partir de la respuesta que éste elaboró frente a thomas hobbes en el siglo xvii. El objetivo del trabajo consiste en restaurar la potencia liberal-democrática del pensamiento de Spinoza y de la filosofía política moderna, frente a las pretensiones de la teología política. The ideological reasons carl schmitt exhibited for his attack against baruch ...

  15. Photonique des Morphos

    CERN Document Server

    Berthier, Serge

    2010-01-01

    La photonique est déjà présente dans notre vie quotidienne, et on attend maintenant que la manipulation des photons permette aussi le traitement logique des informations. Cependant, l’élément de base qui permet cette manipulation de la lumière, le cristal photonique, est d’une réalisation complexe et mal contrôlée. Dans la course à la maîtrise de la lumière, les structures photoniques naturelles ont beaucoup à nous apprendre. C’est ce que nous montre Serge Berthier qui étudie dans ce livre la structure des écailles des Morphos. Tenant compte de l’essor récent des approches biomimétiques, il présente de manière détaillée plus de dix-huit techniques expérimentales utilisées pour ses analyses, ainsi que les diverses approches théoriques développées pour la modélisation de structures multi-échelles complexes. Première étude quasi-exhaustive des structures fines d’un genre et des propriétés optiques ainsi que colorimétriques générées, ce livre fournit aux entomologiste...

  16. Droit des organisations internationales

    CERN Document Server

    Sorel, Jean-Marc; Ndior, Valère

    2013-01-01

    Cet ouvrage collectif offre aux enseignants et chercheurs en droit international, aux praticiens et aux étudiants, une analyse actualisée du droit des organisations internationales. Il dresse en cinq parties un tableau, illustré par des exemples variés, des problématiques que soulève le phénomène polymorphe d institutionnalisation de la société internationale. La première partie est consacrée au phénomène des « organisations internationales », sous l angle à la fois de l institutionnalisation progressive des relations internationales et de la difficulté à cerner une catégorie unifiée. La deuxième partie rend compte de la création, de la disparition et des mutations des organisations internationales, ici envisagées comme systèmes institutionnels et ordres juridiques dérivés. La troisième partie analyse l autonomie que l acquisition de la personnalité juridique et de privilèges et immunités, un organe administratif intégré, un personnel ou un budget propres confèrent aux organi...

  17. Dental Encounter System (DES)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — Dental Encounter System (DES) is an automated health care application designed to capture critical data about the operations of VA Dental Services. Information on...

  18. Table des illustrations

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Tableaux Dates d’inauguration des grands hôtels japonais entre 1860 et 1945… 19 Histoire, tourisme et hôtellerie en Corée depuis les années 1870… 59-60 Dates d’inauguration des grands hôtels chinois depuis 1863… 84 Les hôtels de luxe et leurs capacités d’hébergement en Corée en 2000… 103 Les flux de personnes suscités par les hôtels « super luxe » de Séoul en 2000… 105 L’activité des grands hôtels à Séoul en 1999 (en wons)… 106 Propriété et gestion des grands hôtels à Séoul en 1999…. 110 La c...

  19. Chimie des processus biologiques

    OpenAIRE

    Fontecave, Marc

    2010-01-01

    La chimie du vivant : enzymes et métalloenzymes, des biocatalyseurs fascinants La catalyse enzymatique, ce pouvoir que possèdent certaines protéines d’accélérer de façon extraordinaire et d’orienter avec une précision fascinante les réactions chimiques de la cellule, reste, encore aujourd’hui, l’un des grands mystères des systèmes vivants. Les réactions dont il est question vont de la simple hydrolyse de liaisons peptidiques à des processus poly-électroniques d’une très grande complexité, com...

  20. Vom Ort des Philosophierens

    OpenAIRE

    Damir Barbaric

    2002-01-01

    Im Aufsatz wird versucht, den ursprünglichen Sinn der Platonischen Bestimmung vom Staunen als Anfang der Philosophie zu ermitteln, und zwar durch eine kritischen Abhebung von ihrer Umdeutung bei Aristoteles, und dann insbesondere in der Stoa wie auch bei Spinoza und Hegel. Dabei wird auf die frühgriechische Erfahrung vom Staunen als _______ aufmerksam gemacht, wo es vor allem die Grundstimmung des Dabeiseins des Göttlichen und der menschlichen Teilnahme am Göttlichen bedeutet. Dem entspricht ...

  1. Liste des auteurs

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Fariba Adelkhah est chargée de recherche à la Fondation nationale des sciences politiques, Centre d’études et de recherches internationales (CERI) [] Jean-Marie Bouissou est chargé de recherche à la Fondation nationale des sciences politiques, Centre d’études et de recherches internationales (CERI) [] Jean-Louis Briquet est chargé de recherche au CNRS, Centre d’études et de recherches internationales (CERI) [...

  2. The Unifying Function of Affect: Founding a Theory of Psychocultural Development in the Epistemology of John Dewey and Carl Jung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Peter T.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper I explore the shared interest of John Dewey and Carl Jung in the developmental continuity between biological, psychological, and cultural phenomena. Like other first generation psychological theorists, Dewey and Jung thought that psychology could be used to deepen our understanding of this continuity and thus gain a degree of control…

  3. Carl Rogers' Responses in the 17th Session with Miss Mun: Comments from a Process-Experiential and Psychoanalytic Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gundrum, Monica; Lietaer, Germain; Van Hees-Matthijssen, Christiane

    1999-01-01

    Reproduces the transcript of one of Carl Rogers' filmed therapeutic sessions with Miss Mun, followed by an empirical and clinical-qualitative analysis. Five task oriented processes are examined in detail: the evocative impact of reflections of feeling; empathic affirmation as a marker of intense vulnerability; focusing reflections; working with…

  4. The Unifying Function of Affect: Founding a Theory of Psychocultural Development in the Epistemology of John Dewey and Carl Jung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Peter T.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper I explore the shared interest of John Dewey and Carl Jung in the developmental continuity between biological, psychological, and cultural phenomena. Like other first generation psychological theorists, Dewey and Jung thought that psychology could be used to deepen our understanding of this continuity and thus gain a degree of control…

  5. La revolution des savants

    CERN Document Server

    Chavanne, A

    1989-01-01

    Premiere cassette : - 1666 : impact de la creation de l'Academie des Sciences par Colbert, trente ans apres le proces de Galile, et au moment des disparitions de Pascal, Descartes et Fermat. Elle dirigee par le hollandais Huyggens jusqu'a sa fuite de France au moment de la revocation de l'Edit de Nantes. - 1750 : l'Encyclopedie (ou "Dictionnaire raisonne des Sciences, des Arts et des Metiers") de Diderot et d'Alembert, soutenus par Malherbes, Buffon, Condorcet et Rousseau. - 1789 : Revolution francaise. - 8 aout 1793 : l'Assemblee, par une declaration de Marat, dissout l'Academie des Sciences. Celle-ci continue cependant ses travaux pour les poids et mesures jusqu'en 1795. - la Terreur : la condamnation a mort, pas au nom d'une "Revolution qui n'a pas besoin de savants" mais pour d'autres raisons, de trois grands hommes de science : Lavoisier, Bailly et Condorcet. - 1793-1794 : Au printemps 93, le Comite de Salut Publique s'inquiete du demi-million de soldats etrangers de toutes les pays frontaliers qui essai...

  6. Le dialogisme intertextuel des contes des Grimm

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Loin d'être « purement allemands », nombre de contes des Grimm réécrivent les contes français largement diffusés en Allemagne au XVIIIe siècle en les « reconfigurant » selon leurs propres paradigmes esthétiques et idéologiques. L'étude introductive de la comparatiste Ute Heidmann montre que ce dialogisme européen est resté peu exploré en raison d’une « scénographie en trompe-l’œil » qui les présente comme issus du « terroir » hessois. Toutefois, les notes des Grimm (constituées en volume auto...

  7. The evolution of thyroid hormones in pregnancy. An analysis of 125 cases in the Yaounde general hospital; Profil des hormones thyroidiennes chez les femmes enceintes: analyse de 125 cas a l'hopital general de Yaounde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dong a ZOK, F. [Hopital General de Yaounde, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, Yaounde (Cameroon); Mbodj, M. [Hopital General Grand Yoff, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, Dakar (Senegal); Mayer, E. [Hopital General de Yaounde, Service de Gyneco-Obstetrique, Yaounde (Cameroon)

    2009-10-15

    This study was aimed at determining the evolution and the kinetics of thyroid hormones in a sub-population of pregnant women in Cameroon. We carried out a prospective study (from January 2005 to January 2006) on 125 consenting pregnant women at the Yaounde General Hospital. Clinical and gyneco-obstetric data with the gestational age were noted on a pre-designed questionnaire. Blood samples were drawn for serum assay of thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroid stimulating hormone. The results were read with the 'Oakfield health care' Gamma ' 12 counter using the RIASTAT software. These patients, divided into four groups consisted of: 32 non pregnant women in the control group; 33 pregnant women in the first trimester; 30 pregnant women in the second trimester and 30 at the third trimester. The mean serum levels of T3 and T4 were relatively high in all pregnant women (irrespective of the gestational age) than in the control group. Serum levels of T3 and T4 were raised the first trimester with and progressively reduced in 2. and 3. trimester. On other hand, TSH levels progressively increased as from the 2. trimester to attain a maximum in the 3. trimester. We can therefore conclude that blood levels of thyroid hormone as well as TSH vary during pregnancy and differ in titres with respect to the gestation age. (authors)

  8. Education and public outreach at the Carl Sagan Solar Observatory of the University of Sonora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Saucedo-Morales

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available We discuss the importance of small solar observatories for EPO (Education and Public Outreach, mentioning why they are relevant and what kind of equipment and software require. We stress the fact that technological advances have made them affordable and that they should be widely available. This work is a result of our experience with one: The Carl Sagan Solar Observatory (CSSO. We briefly describe its status and the solar data obtained daily with students participation. We present examples of the data obtained in the visible, Ca II and two in Hα. Data which is widely used for education. Finally we talk about the capability for remote operation as an open invitation for collaboration in educational and scientific projects.

  9. Education and public outreach at the Carl Sagan Solar Observatory of the University of Sonora

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saucedo-Morales Julio; Loera-González, Pablo

    2013-05-01

    We discuss the importance of small solar observatories for EPO (Education and Public Outreach), mentioning why they are relevant and what kind of equipment and software require. We stress the fact that technological advances have made them affordable and that they should be widely available. This work is a result of our experience with one: The Carl Sagan Solar Observatory (CSSO). We briefly describe its status and the solar data obtained daily with students participation. We present examples of the data obtained in the visible, Ca II and two in Hα. Data which is widely used for education. Finally we talk about the capability for remote operation as an open invitation for collaboration in educational and scientific projects.

  10. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's design of a unity of physics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Görnitz, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    As I learned in many conversations with Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, he saw his place in the history of science deriving from his "Theory of Urs". This theory will establish the unity of science on the basis of quantum bits. Any attempts to find some "fundamental bricks"--of whatever kind--must fail because of the antinomies of atomism. An abstract quantum bit is a structure quantum that cannot be conceived as a particle in space and time. However, it is clear, solely for logical reasons, that a quantum bit is an ultimate and indecomposable entity. Weizsäcker's revolutionary goal was--already 50 years ago--to unite quantum theory with cosmology and, on these grounds, proceed to a theory of elementary particles. The article gives a short overview of Weizsäcker's approach to the unity of physics, ending with a brief summary of what has been achieved in that endeavour up to now.

  11. Interlocução entre Rudolf Otto, Carl Gustav Jung e Victor White

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Pereira Ceccon

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1917 Rudolf Otto published the book The Sacred and proposing the recognition of the irrational aspect as the foundation and maintainer of religious expression by means of analogies and antonyms that the called the numinous. Later, at a conference in1937, Carl Gustav Jung uses the term numinous to clarify what he meant by religion, recognizing this as an observation on what grabs consciousness, thus extending the idea of the numinous to practice and clinical studies. Victor White, Jung's main collaborator in the field of theology, weaves a critical to Otto and Jung's position front to the understanding of religious phenomena, stating that it presents a unilateralism in recognition that only their irrational sphere supports religion. This article aims to lead to a theoretical discussion as to White's reflections on the idea of numinous, in contrast to the positions of Otto and Jung.

  12. Similarities between Prescott Lecky's theory of self-consistency and Carl Rogers' self-theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merenda, Peter F

    2010-10-01

    The teachings of Prescott Lecky on the self-concept at Columbia University in the 1920s and 1930s and the posthumous publications of his book on self-consistency beginning in 1945 are compared with the many publications of Carl Rogers on the self-concept beginning in the early 1940s. Given that Rogers was a graduate student at Columbia in the 1920s and 1930s, the striking similarities between these two theorists, as well as claims attributed to Rogers by Rogers' biographers and writers who have quoted Rogers on his works relating to self-theory, strongly suggest that Rogers borrowed from Lecky without giving him the proper credit. Much of Rogers' writings on the self-concept included not only terms and concepts which were original with Lecky, but at times these were actually identical.

  13. [Matter and spirit: the unconscious in Carl Gustav Carus's psychology (1779-1868)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montiel, L

    1997-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus, one of the originators of a doctrine centered on the unconscious, is an interesting figure from current viewpoints. The doctrine he espoused was psychological, but in addition, the author sought foundations for his thinking in the biological knowledge of his time. The unconscious that Carus postulated was simultaneously biological, material and psychological in nature. Thus the history of psychism--the history of the soul--was related with the individual's and the species's biological history. From this perspective the unconscious was recognized as an indispensable element of rational thought. This theory, which recalls in many aspects that of C.G. Jung, made possible the medical study of psychic life and the revaluation of unconscious factors of psychism which were usually denigrated by modern anthropologists and moralists.

  14. Carl Friedrich Richard Foerster (1825-1902) - the inventor of perimeter and photometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Sobolewska, Bianka

    2015-09-01

    Carl Friedrich Richard Foerster (1825-1902) was a German who was born in the Polish city Leszno. He studied medicine at the Medical Faculty of Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) University, and later in Heidelberg and Berlin. From 1855, he worked in Breslau, where he established in 1857 the first ophthalmology clinic. Later, he became a professor in ophthalmology, the first director of the Department of Ophthalmology at the University of Breslau, and even the rector of this University. Forster did many pioneering works on visual fields, invented a photometer and the first perimeter, known for many years as the Foerster perimeter. Moreover, he studied night blindness, visual field changes due to different pathologies, and many eye diseases, including glaucoma, cataract, retinal and choroidal diseases.

  15. [From the legacy of Carl Koller. Notations on his experiments with cocaine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goerig, M

    2015-06-01

    The history of local anesthesia began with the discovery of the anesthetic properties of cocaine by the physician Carl Koller from Vienna 130 years ago. After he had realized the options for painless surgery using this substance, he analyzed cocaine in detail from this point of view and evaluated the drug's significance in animal experiments, in self-experiments and in colleagues. The findings of his experiments were accurately recorded by Koller and after his death remained in the possession of the family for a long time until his daughter Hortense Becker-Koller handed these documents over to the Library of Congress in Washington. These recordings were recently studied and will now be presented to the public for the first time ever.

  16. Maladie des vibrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Shixin (Cindy); House, Ronald A.

    2017-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Permettre aux médecins de famille de comprendre l’épidémiologie, la pathogenèse, les symptômes, le diagnostic et la prise en charge de la maladie des vibrations, une maladie professionnelle importante et courante au Canada. Sources d’information Une recherche a été effectuée sur MEDLINE afin de relever les recherches et comptes rendus portant sur la maladie des vibrations. Une recherche a été effectuée sur Google dans le but d’obtenir la littérature grise qui convient au contexte canadien. D’autres références ont été tirées des articles relevés. Message principal La maladie des vibrations est une maladie professionnelle répandue touchant les travailleurs de diverses industries qui utilisent des outils vibrants. La maladie est cependant sous-diagnostiquée au Canada. Elle compte 3 éléments : vasculaire, sous la forme d’un phénomène de Raynaud secondaire; neurosensoriel; et musculosquelettique. Aux stades les plus avancés, la maladie des vibrations entraîne une invalidité importante et une piètre qualité de vie. Son diagnostic exige une anamnèse minutieuse, en particulier des antécédents professionnels, un examen physique, des analyses de laboratoire afin d’éliminer les autres diagnostics, et la recommandation en médecine du travail aux fins d’investigations plus poussées. La prise en charge consiste à réduire l’exposition aux vibrations, éviter les températures froides, abandonner le tabac et administrer des médicaments. Conclusion Pour assurer un diagnostic rapide de la maladie des vibrations et améliorer le pronostic et la qualité de vie, les médecins de famille devraient connaître cette maladie professionnelle courante, et pouvoir obtenir les détails pertinents durant l’anamnèse, recommander les patients aux cliniques de médecine du travail et débuter les demandes d’indemnisation de manière appropriée. PMID:28292812

  17. Movimentos sociais e a construção do político: Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flickinger, Hans Georg

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto busca no pensamento de Carl Schmitt – intelectual alemão envolvido na ideologia nacional-socialista e relativamente pouco conhecido no contexto brasileiro – a crítica feita à democracia liberal-burguesa e ao sistema parlamentar-representativo, para dele extrair uma contribuição ao atual debate sobre movimentos sociais. A proposta do autor é que os movimentos sociais, ao assumirem o confronto permanente entre as temáticas legalmente confirmadas e as demandas utópicas, podem reinvindicar a voz daqueles que atualmente vêm sendo ignorados pela política cotidiana institucionalizada e recuperar o verdadeiro espaço do Político. A argumentação inicia com algumas colocações acerca do contexto histórico que originou a preocupação teórica de Carl Schmitt. Numa segunda parte, são apresentados os aspectos centrais de um texto do mesmo autor publicado em 1933 sob o título Staat, Bewegung, Volk (Estado, movimento, povo, a partir do qual são articuladas questões sistemáticas ligadas aos movimentos sociais enquanto indicadores de falhas da democracia liberal. Por fim, é reconstruído o fio condutor da argumentação desenvolvida por Schmitt, para extrair dela as observações mais importantes que contribuem para esclarecer melhor o marco conceitual- sistemático dos atuais debates sobre os movimentos sociais

  18. Carl Schmitt o la imposibilidad de una política secularizada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Alonso, Marta

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Carl Schmitt is usually regarded as a critic of modernity for his thesis concerning the theological ascent of the key concepts in the theory of the State. In this paper, l argue that there is more to theology in Schmitt's thought than a mere genealogical issue. As a matter of fact, the sphere of politics is for him prior to the constitution of the State. It is at that initial stage that Schmitt introduces the key categories of his thinking by means of theological analogies -e.g., basic anthropological choices concerning our capability for good or evil are justified by invoking the myth of the original sin. As a result of an in depth discussion of these analogies, I contend that what it is indeed impossible to secularize are the Schmittian theses themselves.

    Carl Schmitt suele ser considerado un crítico de la modernidad por sostener que los principales conceptos de la teoría del Estado son conceptos teológicos secularizados. En este trabajo pretendemos poner de manifiesto que la importancia que Schmitt concede a la teología es aún mayor. En efecto, la secularización se refiere a los conceptos claves de la teoría del Estado, pero la política es previa al Estado. Y para establecer sus categorías, Schmitt se sirve de la teología: el carácter conflictivo o pacífico del hombre remite al pecado original; el dilema amigo/enemigo a la elección entre Dios y el diablo, etc. Exploraremos el .alcance de estas analogías, intentando mostrar el carácter inerradicablemente teológico del pensamiento de Schmitt.

  19. La géochimie organique des sédiments marins profonds. Mission Orgon 4, 1978 (golfe d'Aden, mer d'Oman. Généralités et résultats obtenus à la mer Organic Geochemistry of Deep Marine Sediments. Organ 4 Mission, 1978 (Gulf of Aden, Sea of Oman. General and Results Obtained At Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pelet R.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Quatre articles distincts traitent, le premier des généralités sur la mission ORGON 4, le second du cadre géographique et géologique général, ainsi que de la description des carottes prélevées, le troisième de la biochimie des eaux et le dernier de la microbiologie. Plusieurs milieux ont été rencontrés et étudiés, qui vont de la lagune (Ghubbet el Kharab à la fosse tectonique profonde (fosse d'Alula-Fartak. Deux radiales, l'une en mer d'Arabie, l'autre dans le golfe d'Oman, permettent de suivre l'évolution des caractères depuis les zones côtières jusqu'à la plaine abyssale. L'implantation des sites de carottage avait été étudiée de manière à éviter les zones à apport détritique important (cône de l'Indus : les résultats rapportés indiquent que ce but a été certainement atteint et en particulier que la matière organique des sédiments est massivement d'origine marine autochtone (planctonique. L'étude des eaux a retrouvé un résultat antérieurement acquis, à savoir l'existence dans les profondeurs moyennes (800 à 1800 m d'une zone à minimum de teneur en oxygène très marqué (équivalent à 1 ml/1, correspondant à des milieux de sédimentation a caractère réducteur net et à teneur en matièe organique relativement importante. De façon plus générale, les teneurs en carbone organique des sédiments prélevés à ORGON 4 sont les plus élevées de toutes celles mesurées dans les missions ORGON, à la fois en moyenne et pour les valeurs maximales ; ceci est certainement lié à la productivité primaire exceptionnelle des eaux sus-jacentes. Les études microbiologiques n'ont pas retrouvé les phénomènes spectaculaires d'ORGON 3 : niveaux à microflore exceptionnellement importante encadrés de niveaux stériles dans les profondeurs des carottes. Néanmoins, des tendances vers l'acquisition de ce caractère existent dans certains niveaux. Il faut signaler qu'un essai d'étude plus exhaustive des

  20. La convergence des rôles respectifs des relationnistes et des journalistes influence-t-elle la perception qu'ils ont les uns des autres?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valentini, Chiara

    2017-01-01

    la convergence des rôles respectifs des praticiens des relations publiques et des journalistes a un effet favorable sur la perception qu’ils ont les uns des autres. L’effet est plus marqué chez les praticiens des relations publiques, car leur vision de la profession en journalisme correspond à celle...

  1. À propos des occasionnalismes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dal Georgette

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Les occasionnalismes (nonce formations ou contextual formations dans la terminologie anglo-saxonne, qu’on définira provisoirement comme de “new complex word[s] created by a speaker/writer on the spur of the moment to cover some immediate need” (Bauer, 1983 : 45 ont, à notre connaissance, peu retenu l’attention des morphologues du domaine francophone. Pourtant, toutes les conditions sont désormais réunies pour que cet objet, invisible lorsqu’il s’agissait de décrire le système morphologique du français (ou d’autres langues à partir de ressources dictionnairiques, émerge en tant qu’observable dans une morphologie puisant ses données dans le réel langagier des locuteurs. Par définition en effet, on s’attend à ce qu’un occasionalisme soit absent des dictionnaires (nous verrons que, dans les faits, la situation est plus complexe que cela, et que ces contextual formations ne puissent pas être étudiées en dehors du contexte dans lequel elles ont été produites. À cet égard, la Toile et les produits qui en dérivent constituent des ressources de choix. C’est particulièrement vrai des forums, dans lesquels les internautes s’expriment librement, laissant libre cours à leur potentiel créatif (ou ce qu’ils pensent tel. Dans la présente communication, après avoir défini la notion d’occasionalisme, nous utiliserons un corpus constitué au fil d’autres recherches pour dégager des motifs récurrents propices à leur apparition, autrement dit pour établir une grammaire des occasionnalismes.

  2. Sternschnuppen und Erdmagnetismus, ein von Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß während der Universitätsfeierlichkeiten in Göttingen im September 1837 initiiertes Projekt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Reich

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIn September 1837 the centennial celebrations of Göttingen university took place; Alexander von Humboldt, who visited Göttingen for this purpose, and Carl Friedrich Gauss created the project: Do showers of meteors influence the terrestrial magnetic phaenomena, comparable to the aurora borealis? The investigation should take place in November 1837, when strong meteor showers were once again expected. In this context the letter of Humboldt to Gauss from November 30, 1837 is of great importance; in this letter two enclosures were mentioned which still exist, but which were not presented in the edition of the letters between Humboldt and Gauss.One of these enclosures is a letter from Boguslawski to Humboldt from November 15, 1837, on which Humboldt made several remarks. Boguslawski was astronomer at the observatory of Breslau. The other enclosure was a document, containing the observation data of Humboldt and Herter, which were made in Berlin during November 12 to 15 and 21. These two documents together with the historical context are presented here for the first time, accompanied by the report by Gerling on meteor showers observed in Marburg from November 12 to 14.ZusammenfassungWährend der im September 1837 in Göttingen stattfindenden Universitätsfeierlichkeiten initiierten Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß gemeinsam ein Projekt; es ging dabei um die Frage, ob Sternschnuppen die erdmagnetischen Erscheinungen beeinflussen würden, dem Nordlicht vergleichbar. Dies sollte im folgenden November, anlässlich des zu erwartenden großen Sternschnuppenschauers, überprüft werden.Im Zentrum dieser Untersuchung steht der Brief von Alexander von Humboldt an Gauß vom 30. November 1837 (Briefwechsel Humboldt-Gauß, S. 63–65; in diesem wurden zwei Beilagen bzw. Anlagen angesprochen, die zwar noch existieren, die aber bei der Ausgabe des Humboldt-Gaußschen Briefwechsels fast ganz unberücksichtigt blieben. Es handelt sich erstens

  3. In memoriam:Jean Blancou, DVM, 1936-2010. World authority on rabies, historian and former Director General of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anon.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Chevalier de la Légion d’honneurChevalier de l’Ordre national du mérite agricoleCommandeur de l’Ordre national du mérite agricoleCorresponding member of the Argentinean Academy of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine Docteur honoris causa, Liege University (Belgium Foreign member of the Royal Belgian Academy of Agriculture Foreign member of the Russian Academy of Agronomic Sciences Honorary Director General of the OIEHonorary Member of the British Veterinary AssociationMédaille d’honneur, CNEVAMember and previous President of the French Veterinary Academy Member of the Academy of Sciences of Overseas TerritoriesPrix Trasbot, Académie vétérinaire de France, 1980Vice President of the Société française d’histoire de la médecine et des sciences vétérinairese Jean-Marie Blancou was born in Bangui on 28 August 1936 and passed away in Paris on 10 November 2010 at the age of 74. After studying at the Pierre de Fermat Lycée in Toulouse, Jean Blancou graduated from the Toulouse Veterinary School in 1960. He continued his studies in tropical veterinary medicine in Paris until 1963, extending his knowledge of immunology, microbiology, biochemistry and zoology, at the Institut Pasteur. He obtained his doctorate in biological sciences at the University of Nancy in 1982.Jean Blancou commenced his career as technical adviser to the Veterinary Services of Ethiopia where he directed a campaign against rinderpest in the south of the county. From 1965 to 1967 he was deputy director of the national veterinary laboratory in Niamey where he was responsible for the diagnosis of animal diseases and the production of veterinary vaccines.In 1967, he moved to the central livestock laboratory in Madagascar, where he commenced research on the diagnosis and control of dermatophilosis, bovine tuberculosis and other bacterial and parasitic diseases.In August 1968 he married Geneviève Orue.In 1975 he was appointed as head of the national veterinary

  4. Table des illustrations

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Intégrer les Tsiganes Hongrie, 1970 (photo DR) 34 Discuter entretient la fraternité. (photo M. Stewart) 35 La veille du mariage (photo M. Stewart) 36 Le « salon » (photo M. Stewart) 37 Les activités économiques des Tsiganes sont conçues comme des jeux. (photo M. Stewart) 39 Lev cheval (photo I. Nemeth) 41 Le cortège d’un mariage (photo M. Stewart) 43 Avant le mariage (photo M. Stewart) 43 C’est par le chant (photo M. Stewart) 45 Des « frères » boivent en harmonie (photo M. Stewart) 46 Les che...

  5. Geschichte des SIN

    CERN Document Server

    Pritzker, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    Dieses Buch erzählt die Geschichte des Schweizerischen Instituts für Nuklearforschung (SIN). Das Institut wurde 1968 gegründet und ging 1988 ins Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) über. Die Gründung des SIN erfolgte in einer Zeit, als die Physik weitherum als Schlüsseldisziplin für die technologische und gesellschaftliche Entwicklung galt. Der Schritt war für ein kleines Land wie die Schweiz ungewöhnliche und zeugte von Mut und Weitsicht. Ungewöhnlich waren der Folge die Leistungen des SIN im weltweiten Vergleich sowie sein Einfluss auf die schweizerische, teils auf die internationale Wissenschaftspolitik.

  6. Les lueurs des sables

    CERN Multimedia

    Les lueurs des sables

    2013-01-01

    Two CERN ladies are getting ready for the “Trophée Roses des Sables” rally adventure: Julie and Laetitia are finalizing the last details before setting off on Monday 7th October 2013. Julie from EN-MEF group and Laetitia from DGS-SEE group, met at the CERN Rugby club. This year, they are participating in the 100 % female rally which will take place in Morocco from 10 to 20 October. They will be carrying along 100 kg of humanitarian donation for children such as some clothes, books and medical material. Do not hesitate to show your support at their farewell party to be held on Monday 7 October, from 4 to 6 pm in front of the St Genis-Pouilly Mairie (city Hall). Follow their exciting adventure on the blog leslueursdessables.trophee-roses-des-sables.org and on their association’s Facebook page Les Lueurs des Sables.

  7. Des Groupes et des Œuvres

    OpenAIRE

    Grojnowski, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    À la fin du xixe siècle, les groupes de bohèmes se multiplient et se diversifient, des salons privés aux tavernes ou cabarets. Une étude aussi attentive que possible de trois d’entre eux (les Zutiques, les Hydropathes, les Incohérents) montre la diversité de leurs configurations, ainsi que l’importance déterminante que leurs productions revêt au regard de la postérité.

  8. Differentialdiagnose des Ulcus cruris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Binder B

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Das Ulcus cruris ist eine Erkrankung vor allem des höheren Lebensalters. Ungefähr 1 % der Bevölkerung leidet an einer chronischen Wunde. An die 90 % der Ulzera sind vaskulärer Genese, doch gibt es vielfältige weitere Ursachen. Die Kenntnis der relevanten Differentialdiagnosen ist insbesondere bei therapierefraktären Verläufen von Bedeutung. Dazu gehören Neuropathien, myeloproliferative Erkrankungen, Infektionen, Medikamente oder Hauttumore. Für eine erfolgreiche Behandlung des Ulcus cruris ist die Identifikation der Genese von entscheidender Bedeutung, um eine kausale, interdisziplinäre Therapie zu ermöglichen.

  9. Liste des Auteurs

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Amor Hakima, Université Cadi Ayyad, Faculté des sciences Semlalia, Département de biologie, Laboratoire d’écologie humaine, Marrakech, Maroc. Angeli Aurora, Universita degli studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di scienze statiche “Paolo Fortunati”, Bologne, Italie. Baali Abdellatif, Université Cadi Ayyad, Faculté des sciences Semlalia, Département de biologie, Laboratoire d’écologie humaine, Marrakech, Maroc. Bachtarzi T., Hôpital Ibn Sina, CHU Annaba, Algérie. Baudot Patrick, Université de Proven...

  10. Liste des Auteurs

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Amor Hakima, Université Cadi Ayyad, Faculté des sciences Semlalia, Département de biologie, Laboratoire d’écologie humaine, Marrakech, Maroc. Angeli Aurora, Universita degli studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di scienze statiche “Paolo Fortunati”, Bologne, Italie. Baali Abdellatif, Université Cadi Ayyad, Faculté des sciences Semlalia, Département de biologie, Laboratoire d’écologie humaine, Marrakech, Maroc. Bachtarzi T., Hôpital Ibn Sina, CHU Annaba, Algérie. Baudot Patrick, Université de Proven...

  11. 'n Lewe met die vaders Oor Carl Borchardt as student van die vroee kerk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.H. Ie Roux

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available A life with the fathers Carl Borchardt's views on the early church This article focuses on Carl Borchardt's contribution to the study of the early church. Especially one aspect of his historical endeavours is highlighted: the close link between the Bible and church history. He illustrated how the early church lived from the Bible and how patristic theology was shaped fundamentally by the Bible. Because he was so wellequiped for the study of the early church Borchardt succeeded highlighting the beauty of patristic exegesis and opening up new ways� of understanding our religious past. Dit was in Julie 1968 dat ek Carl Borchardt vir die eerste keer ontmoet het. Professor Ben Marais was die semester weg en Borchardt moes die middeleeue en die reformasie aan ons doseer. Hy was inderdaad 'n uitstekende keuse. Pas twee jaar gelede het hy in Leiden by die befaamde Bakhuizen van den Brink gepromoveer. Sy proefskrif, Hilary of Poitier's role in the Arian struggle, was van so 'n gehalte dat dit in die reeks, Kerkhistorische Studien, opgeneem is. Borchardt was 'n uitnemende plaasvervanger vir Ben 1-farais. So ver ek egter kan onthou, was dosent Borchardt 'n bietjie skugter en manuskripgebonde, maar tog was daar iets in sy Iesings wat my na al die jare nog bybly: 'n deeglike kennis van en 'n vaardigheid met primere en sekondere bronne van die middeleeue en die reformasie. Nou nog onthou ek van die bronne wat hy met die oog op 'n Lutherstudie vermeld het. Drie jaar later was ons saam kollegas aan die Universiteit van Suid-Afrika. Borchardt was in aIle opsigte my senior, maar tog was hy 'n besondere kollega. Tydens daardie goeie Unisajare was ons dosentegetalle klein en gevolglik het ek Borchardt op 'n besondere manier leer ken. Talle gesprekke oor die kerkgeskiedenis het in sy kantoor of by die teekan plaasgevind. Toe hy in 1975 Unisa se diens verlaat en hom by die Universiteit van Pretoria aangesluit het, was dit 'n droewige dag. Vir my was dit egter 'n

  12. Types of species of Apionidae (Coleoptera) described by Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828) with description of a new genus

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel A

    2013-01-01

    The type specimens of species of Apionidae described by Carl Peter Thunberg are reviewed and lecto- and paralectotypes are designated for Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813, Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813...

  13. Carl Jung’s Archetypes in Malayalam Film: A Case Study on The Film ‘Urumi’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varghese Sona

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Movies are the visual- auditory symbolic narrative that explains the living reality of people. Films employ Carl Jung’s concept of archetypes-prototypical characters. This research provides an insight about the theory of archetype based on the assumption that archetypes resides deep inside human mind. The researcher proposes that the Malayalam film industry in India showcases the western concept of archetype using the movie Urumi as a case study. For this study, different clips are taken from the movie to represent six essential archetypes, namely, Hero, Anima, Animus, Mentor (sage, Shadow, and Trickster. The psychoanalysis of this movie carried out in this paper provides evidence for the existence of all six essential archetypes identified by Carl Jung. Thus this article will be a fruitful resource for future research in the field of psychoanalysis of movies.

  14. Dark energy physics expectations at DES

    CERN Document Server

    Soares-Santos, Marcelle

    2012-01-01

    Giving rise to a new and exciting research field, observations of the last 13 years established the accelerated expansion of the Universe. This is a strong indication of new physics, either in the form of a new energy component of the Universe -- dark energy -- or of theories of gravity beyond general relativity. A powerful approach to this problem is the study of complementary cosmological probes in large optical galaxy surveys such as the Dark Energy Survey (DES). We present the expectations for dark energy physics based on the combination of four fundamental probes: galaxy clusters, weak lensing, large scale structure and supernovae. We show that DES data have constraining power to improve current measurements of the dark energy equation-of-state parameter by a factor of 3--5 and to distinguish between general relativity and modified gravity scenarios.

  15. Die lebensvision des semonides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milivoj Sironić

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available Der Autor analysiert die Weibersatire des Semonides und andere seiner kurzen Fragmente. Dabei kommt er zu der Schlussfolgerung, dass sich die Verse der Satire durch eine gute Technik auszeich­ nen, dass aber auch eine unnötige Weitschweifigkeit nicht zu Ubersehen ist. Trotzdem kann man jedoch dem Dichter nicht die künstlerische Überzeugungskraft absprechen, wie auch die Ten­ denz nach Detailschilderungen und die Feinheit geistreicher Charakterisierungen. Die Aussage beinhaltet manchmal eine be­ stimmte innere Ironie in der Einfachheit der Wörter.In kurzen Fragmenten wird die Fähigkeit des Semonides sichtbar, sich sehr präzise auszudrücken. Seine ironisch-epische Sprache ist sehr reich  und verdient vom linguistischen Standpunkt aus Auf­ merksamkeit wegen ihres reichhaltigen lexischen und termino­ logischen Materials, insbesondere was die Bereiche der Tier­ welt und des Essens anbelangt.Die Weltanschauung des Dichters ist in dem ersten Fragment recht deutlich erkennbar. Da sieht man, dass er düster und pessimistisch auf das Leben blickt. Das Fehlen jeglicher positiven Einstellung hat dann den Sar­ kasmus zur Folge, mit dem der Dichter die Darstellung der Weiber einkleidet, ihn aber auch auf die Menschen schlechthin ausweitet.

  16. La physique des infinis

    CERN Document Server

    Bernardeau, Francis; Laplace, Sandrine; Spiro, Michel

    2013-01-01

    Écrire l'histoire de l'Univers, tel est l'objectif commun des physiciens des particules et des astrophysiciens. Pour y parvenir, deux approches s'épaulent : la voie de l'infiniment petit, que l'on emprunte via de gigantesques accélérateurs de particules, et celle de l'infiniment grand, dont le laboratoire est l'Univers. Un Univers qui est bien loin d'avoir livré tous ses secrets. On connaît à peine 4,8 % de la matière qui le constitue, le reste étant composé de matière noire (25,8 %) et d'énergie noire (69,4 %), toutes deux de nature inconnue. Et si la récente découverte du boson de Higgs valide le Modèle standard de la physique des particules, celui-ci est toujours incomplet et doit être étendu à ou dépassé. Est-on arrivé au bout du jeu de poupées russes de la matière ? Quelles sont les particules manquantes ? Faut-il revoir les lois fondamentales ? Quels instruments faut-il mettre en œuvre pour accéder à cette « nouvelle physique » ? Comment parler de Super Big Science aux citoye...

  17. CHAINE DES ROTISSEUR @ HILTON

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The annual gala dinner of Chaine des Rotisseurs was hosted by Hilton Beijing. The “Ballet Dinner” - a great creation for both art and fine dining lovers was taken place in varies places within the hotel, including hotel lobby, 3rd floor and lobby lounge.

  18. REPRISE DES COURS - Yoga

    CERN Multimedia

    Club de Yoga

    2015-01-01

    REPRISE DES COURS – Venez nombreux ! Yoga, Sophrologie, Tai Chi La liste des cours pour le semestre allant du 1er septembre 2015 au 31 janvier 2016 est disponible sur notre site web : http://club-yoga.web.cern.ch Lieu Les cours ont lieu dans la salle des clubs, à l’entresol du restaurant No 2, Bât. 504 (dans la salle no 3 pour la Sophrologie). Prix des cours Le prix pour le semestre (environ 18 leçons) est fixé à 220 CHF plus 10 CHF d’adhésion annuelle au Club. Couple : 200 CHF par personne. 2 cours par semaine : 400 CHF. Inscriptions Les inscriptions aux cours seront prises directement auprès du professeur, lors de la 1ère séance. Avant de s’inscrire pour le semestre, il est possible d’essayer une séance gratuitement. Informations : http://club-yoga.web.cern.ch ----------------------------------------- cern.ch/club-yoga/

  19. Potenziale des Mobile Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Turowski, Klaus

    2004-01-01

    Potenziale des Mobile Commerce / B. Bazijanec, K. Turowski. - In: Mobile economy : 4. Workshop Mobile Commerce, 02.-03. Februar 2004, Univ. Augsburg / Key Pousttchi ... (Hrsg.). - Bonn : Ges. für Informatik, 2004. - S. 7-11. - (GI-Edition : Proceedings ; 42)

  20. Vom Ort des Philosophierens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Barbaric

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Im Aufsatz wird versucht, den ursprünglichen Sinn der Platonischen Bestimmung vom Staunen als Anfang der Philosophie zu ermitteln, und zwar durch eine kritischen Abhebung von ihrer Umdeutung bei Aristoteles, und dann insbesondere in der Stoa wie auch bei Spinoza und Hegel. Dabei wird auf die frühgriechische Erfahrung vom Staunen als _______ aufmerksam gemacht, wo es vor allem die Grundstimmung des Dabeiseins des Göttlichen und der menschlichen Teilnahme am Göttlichen bedeutet. Dem entspricht die bei Platon stark hervorgehobene Rolle des “Pathetischen” am Staunen, das in der nachkommenden Tradition grundsätzlich verlorengegangen ist. Für Platon entspringt das Staunen einem nie zu überwindenden Zustand der wesentlichen philosophischen “Weglosigkeit” (_____, welche schon bei Aristoteles nur noch im Sinne eines unbedingt zu verlassenden Ausgangspunkts der methodisch sicher fortfahrenden philosophischen Wissenschaft verstanden wird. Durch ein Zurückgreifen auf die Diotimas Lehre im Dialog Symposion wird dementgegen die Sokratisch-Platonische “Weglosigkeit” als der einzig angemessene “Ort” des echten Philosophierens bestimmt, welchen es, als das “Zwischen” für das Weltspiel der Unsterblichen und Sterblichen, um jeden Preis zu bewahren und offen zu halten gilt.

  1. Types of species of Apionidae (Coleoptera) described by Carl Peter Thunberg (1743–1828) with description of a new genus

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Alonso-Zarazaga

    2013-01-01

    The type specimens of species of Apionidae described by Carl Peter Thunberg are reviewed and lecto- and paralectotypes are designated for Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813, Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813, Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815 and Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815. A new genus Thunbergapion (type species Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813) is described, figured and placed in the tribe Aplemonini Kissinger, 1968. The new combination Thunbergapion limbatum (Thunberg, 1813) is proposed. A key to th...

  2. [From Carl Ferdinand von Graefe (1787-1840) to Gustav Biedermann Günter (1801-1866) and his school].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimpel, V

    1994-09-01

    A for the most part unknown surgical school in Germany is presented. She begins and ends in Saxony and reaches from the 18th to the begin of the 20th century. The protagonists of this school are Carl Ferdinand von Graefe and Gustav Biedermann Günther. Their characteristics are a strict indication, the surgery of skin, bones and joints as well as the ambulance surgery. Beside plastic surgery this school brought out many other specialties too.

  3. In memoriam: Jean Blancou, DVM, 1936-2010. World authority on rabies, historian and former Director General of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Jean-Marie Blancou was born in Bangui on 28 August 1936 and passed away in Paris on 10 November 2010 at the age of 74. After studying at the Pierre de Fermat Lycée in Toulouse, Jean Blancou graduated from the Toulouse Veterinary School in 1960. He continued his studies in tropical veterinary medicine in Paris until 1963, extending his knowledge of immunology, microbiology, biochemistry and zoology, at the Institut Pasteur. He obtained his doctorate in biological sciences at the University of Nancy in 1982. Jean Blancou commenced his career as technical adviser to the Veterinary Services of Ethiopia where he directed a campaign against rinderpest in the south of the county. From 1965 to 1967 he was deputy director of the national veterinary laboratory in Niamey where he was responsible for the diagnosis of animal diseases and the production of veterinary vaccines. In 1967, he moved to the central livestock laboratory in Madagascar, where he commenced research on the diagnosis and control of dermatophilosis, bovine tuberculosis and other bacterial and parasitic diseases. In August 1968 he married Geneviève Orue. In 1975 he was appointed as head of the national veterinary laboratory in Senegal, where he remained until 1977. Initially deputy director, and then director of Research on rabies and wildlife diseases, at the World Health Organization collaborating centre in Nancy, he remained in this position until 1990. Jean Blancou was recognised as a world authority on rabies. He conducted research into the diagnosis, aetiology, epidemiology and control of rabies during his time in Nancy. Between 1988 and 1990, Dr Blancou also headed the animal health and protection department of the Centre national d'études vétérinaires et animales (CNEVA) in Maisons-Alfort. On 1 January 1991, he was appointed director general of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE) and was re-elected in 1995 for a further five-year term, until he

  4. Injectabilite des coulis de ciment dans des milieux fissures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mnif, Thameur

    Le travail presente ici est un bilan du travaux de recherche effectues sur l'injectabilite des coulis de ciment dans lu milieux fissures. Un certain nombre de coulis a base de ciment Portland et microfin ont ete selectionnes afin de caracteriser leur capacite a penetrer des milieux fissures. Une partie des essais a ete menee en laboratoire. L'etude rheologique des differents melanges a permis de tester l'influence de l'ajout de superplastifiant et/ou de fumee de silice sur la distribution granulometrique des coulis et par consequent sur leur capacite a injecter des colonnes de sable simulant un milieu fissure donne. La classe granulometrique d'un coulis, sa stabilite et sa fluidite sont apparus comme les trois facteurs principaux pour la reussite d'une injection. Un facteur de finesse a ete defini au cours de cette etude: base sur la classe granulometrique du ciment et sa stabilite, il peut entrer dans la formulation theorique du debit d'injection avant application sur chantier. La deuxieme et derniere partie de l'etude presente les resultats de deux projets de recherche sur l'injection realises sur chantier. L'injection de dalles de beton fissurees a permis le suivi de l'evolution des pressions avec la distance au point d'injection. L'injection de murs de maconnerie a caractere historique a montre l'importance de la definition de criteres de performance des coulis a utiliser pour traiter un milieu donne et pour un objectif donne. Plusieurs melanges peuvent ainsi etre predefinis et mis a disposition sur le chantier. La complementarite des ciments traditionnels et des ciments microfins devient alors un atout important. Le choix d'utilisation de ces melanges est fonction du terrain rencontre. En conclusion, cette recherche etablit une methodologie pour la selection des coulis a base de ciment et des pressions d'injection en fonction de l'ouverture des fissures ou joints de construction.

  5. Evaluation of an LED Retrofit Project at Princeton University’s Carl Icahn Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, Robert G. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Murphy, Arthur L. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Perrin, Tess E. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2015-11-25

    The LED lighting retrofit at the Carl Icahn Laboratory of the Lewis-Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics was the first building-wide interior LED project at Princeton University, following the University’s experiences from several years of exterior and small-scale interior LED implementation projects. The project addressed three luminaire types – recessed 2x2 troffers, cove and other luminaires using linear T8 fluorescent lamps, and CFL downlights - which combined accounted for over 564,000 kWh of annual energy, over 90% of the lighting energy used in the facility. The Princeton Facilities Engineering staff used a thorough process of evaluating product alternatives before selecting an acceptable LED retrofit solution for each luminaire type. Overall, 815 2x2 luminaires, 550 linear fluorescent luminaires, and 240 downlights were converted to LED as part of this project. Based solely on the reductions in wattage in converting from the incumbent fluorescent lamps to LED retrofit kits, the annual energy savings from the project was over 190,000 kWh, a savings of 37%. An additional 125,000 kWh of energy savings is expected from the implementation of occupancy and task-tuning control solutions, which will bring the total savings for the project to 62%.

  6. Economic vs. juristic thinking in Carl Menger’s principles of economics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jandl Gerhard

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Austrian Economic School is increasingly being treated as one of the most significant and ever more influential bodies of ideas affecting the contemporary economic science. It is well known that Carl Menger, the founder of the Austrian School, was a lawyer by education. The paper is devoted to the degree to which his legal education influenced his economic theorizing. After a close examination of the Menger’s conceptual apparatus and the epistemological ramifications of the key notions underlying his thinking, the paper concludes that the juristic background of the far-reaching theoretical contributions contained in Menger’s Principles was truly decisive. That holds true despite the fact that Menger only exceptionally utilized the juristic vocabulary. The key ingredients of his theoretical creation? such as the individual autonomy, the coincidence of the wills in concluding a contract the effective protection of property and making transactions based on the individual motivation to further one’s own interests to the utmost? are clearly inspired and in many ways influenced by private law, particularly the doctrines underlying the Roman Law and the Austrian Civil Code.

  7. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and the interpretations of quantum theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stöckler, Manfred

    2014-01-01

    What are 'interpretations' of quantum theory? What are the differences between Carl Friedrich von Weizsäkcker's approach and contemporary views? The various interpretations of quantum mechanics give diverse answers to questions concerning the relation between measuring process and standard time development, the embedding of quantum objects in space ('wave-particle-dualism'), and the reference of state vectors. Does the wave function describe states in the real world or does it refer to our knowledge about nature? First, some relevant conceptions in Weizsäcker's book The Structure of Physics (Der Aufbau der Physik, 1985) are introduced. In a second step I point out why his approach is not any longer present in contemporary debates. One reason is that Weizsäcker is mainly affected by classical philosophy (Platon, Aristoteles, Kant). He could not esteem the philosophy of science that was developed in the spirit of logical empiricism. So he lost interest in disputes with Anglo-Saxon philosophy of quantum mechanics. Especially his interpretation of probability and his analysis of the collapse of the state function as change in knowledge differ from contemporary standard views. In recent years, however, epistemic interpretations of quantum mechanics are proposed that share some of Weizsäcker's intuitions.

  8. Beyond synchronicity: the worldview of Carl Gustav Jung and Wolfgang Pauli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donati, Marialuisa

    2004-11-01

    While exploring the phenomena of synchronicity, Carl Gustav Jung became acquainted with the quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli and eventually began a collaboration with him. During that collaboration Jung's study of synchronistic phenomena underwent a considerable change; prior to the collaboration, Jung had stressed mainly the phenomenological and empirical features of synchronistic phenomena, while in association with Pauli, he focused his attention upon their ontological, archetypal character. Pauli, on the other hand, became increasingly sensitive to the philosophical aspects concerning the unconscious. Jung and Pauli's common reflections went far beyond psychology and physics, entering into the realm where the two areas meet in the philosophy of nature. In fact, as a consequence of their collaboration, synchronicity was transformed from an empirical concept into a fundamental explanatory-interpretative principle, which together with causality could possibly lead to a more complete worldview. Exploring the problematic character of the synchronicity concept has a heuristic value because it leads to the reconsideration of the philosophical issues that drove Jung and Pauli to clear up the conceptual background of their thoughts. Within the philosophical worldview arising from Jung and Pauli's discussions about synchronicity, there are many symbolic aspects that go against mainstream science and that represent a sort of criticism to some of the commonly held views of present day science.

  9. Education in regional anesthesia: caseloads, simulation, journals, and politics: 2011 Carl Koller Lecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, Joseph M

    2012-01-01

    This special article is an essay version of the European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy 2011 Carl Koller Award lecture. Historically, evaluations of a trainee's regional anesthesia learning focused on caseload numbers. The deficiency of this unidimensional approach is that case numbers alone say little about the resident's mastery of the nontechnical aspects of regional anesthesiology. Simulation can refine technical skills, but also expands the teaching paradigm to include management of rare complications. Teachers are further challenged by requirements to incorporate systems-based practice topics, including the optimization of operating room efficiency and patient safety. Journals play an important role in regional anesthesia education for both trainees and mature anesthesiologists. Editorial boards build valuable educational foundations by providing critical analysis of new technologies and sponsoring practice advisories. Subspecialty societies such as European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine foster regional anesthesia education through their efforts to define curricula, produce guidelines, and promote international collaboration.

  10. On the enduring and substantial influence of Carl Rogers' not-quite necessary nor sufficient conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farber, Barry A

    2007-09-01

    Carl Rogers' 1957 paper (see record 2007-14639-002) is arguably the most successful of his many attempts to clarify and render testable the ideas behind client-centered therapy. While each of the conditions that Rogers postulated has been linked to positive therapeutic outcome, taken together they have never been conclusively proved (nor disproved) to be either necessary or sufficient for positive outcome. Nevertheless, the overriding "take-home" message in this classic paper--that the therapist's attitude and caring presence is critical for therapeutic success--is one that has had virtually unparalleled influence in every segment of the psychotherapeutic community. Clinical and theoretical innovations in the psychoanalytic community serve as examples of the following proposition: that Rogers' concepts, while accepted more than ever by a remarkably wide variety of psychotherapists, remain essentially unacknowledged as originating with him or in the tradition of humanistic and client-centered therapy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

  11. Inductive reasoning in medicine: lessons from Carl Gustav Hempel's 'inductive-statistical' model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandjour, Afschin; Lauterbach, Karl Wilhelm

    2003-05-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss both the fundamental requirements of sound scientific explanations and predictions and common fallacies that occur in explaining and predicting medical problems. To this end, the paper presents Carl Gustav Hempel's 'covering-law' model (1948 and 1962) and reviews some of the criticism of the model. The strength of Hempel's model is that it shows that inductive arguments, when applied with the requirement of maximal specificity, can serve as explanations as well as predictions. The major weakness of the 'covering-law' model, its inability to portray causal relatedness, has been addressed by philosophers such as Wesley Salmon. While few philosophers today agree with the 'covering-law' model in its original formulation, there is widespread consensus that the law has made a central contribution to describing the fundamental requirements of sound scientific explanations. Applying this model and its revisions in the medical context may help uncover potentially undetected fallacies in reasoning when explaining and predicting medical problems.

  12. Using Carl Rogers' person-centered model to explain interpersonal relationships at a school of nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Venise D; Lindo, Jascinth; Anderson-Johnson, Pauline; Weaver, Steve

    2015-01-01

    Faculty members are viewed as nurturers within the academic setting and may be able to influence students' behaviors through the formation of positive interpersonal relationships. Faculty members' attributes that best facilitated positive interpersonal relationships according to Carl Rogers' Person-Centered Model was studied. Students (n = 192) enrolled in a 3-year undergraduate nursing program in urban Jamaica were randomly selected to participate in this descriptive cross-sectional study. A 38-item questionnaire on interpersonal relationships with nursing faculty and students' perceptions of their teachers was utilized to collect data. Factor analysis was used to create factors of realness, prizing, and empathetic understanding. Multiple linear regression analysis on the interaction of the 3 factors and interpersonal relationship scores was performed while controlling for nursing students' study year and age. One hundred sixty-five students (mean age: 23.18 ± 4.51years; 99% female) responded. The regression model explained over 46% of the variance. Realness (β = 0.50, P interpersonal relationship scores assigned by the nursing students. Of the total number of respondents, 99 students (60%) reported satisfaction with the interpersonal relationships shared with faculty. Nursing students' perception of faculty members' realness appeared to be the most significant attribute in fostering positive interpersonal relationships.

  13. Interlocução entre Rudolf Otto, Carl Gustav Jung e Victor White

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Pereira Ceccon

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En 1917, Rudolf Otto publicó el libro Lo Sagrado que propone el reconocimiento del aspecto irracional como el fundamento y sostén de la expresión religiosa a través de analogías y antinomias que llamó lo numinoso. Más tarde, en una conferencia en1937, Carl Gustav Jung utiliza el término numinoso para aclararlo dilucidar qué entiende por religión, reconociéndola como una observación sobre lo que arrebata la conciencia, ampliando de esta manera la idea de numinoso a la práctica y el estudio clínico. Víctor White, principal colaborador de Jung en el campo de la teología, teje una crítica sobre las posiciones de Otto y Jung de comprender el fenómeno religioso, afirmando que tienen una actitud unilateral en el reconocimiento de que sólo la esfera irracional fundamenta la religión. Este artículo propone una discusión teórica alrededor de las reflexiones de White en la idea de lo numinoso, contra las posiciones de Otto y Jung.

  14. Carl Djerassi and the World Health Organisation Special Programme of Research in Human Reproduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benagiano G

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many hormonal contraceptives appropriate for use in Developing countries are not of interest to major Western, international pharmaceutical companies. For this reason, in the mid-seventies the World Health Organisation, in response to great demand for improved long-acting injectable hormonal contraceptives, particularly in Africa and Asia, sponsored a chemical synthesis programme of long-acting progestational and androgenic steroids with Carl Djerassi as one of its main leaders. Almost 300 esters of norethisterone, levonorgestrel and testosterone were prepared by this programme in university-based research laboratories situated mainly in developing countries and then screened by the US National Institutes of Health in animal models. This paper describes the overall strategy of this research and development activity and the philosophy that served as an engine for a unique non-profit collaborative work. Among progestins three compounds, levonorgestrel-butanoate, cyclopropylcarboxylate and cyclobutyl-carboxylate, proved to be particularly long-acting when administered as microcrystalline suspensions, although – for financial reasons – only one, levonorgestrel-butanoate is being further developed.

  15. Taxonomic corrections to species of Rhyparochromidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) described by Carl Peter Thunberg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondorosy, Előd; Rédei, Dávid; Mejlon, Hans

    2014-07-22

    Types of Rhyparochromidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeoidea) species described by Carl Peter Thunberg, deposited in the Museum of Evolution (formerly Zoologiska Institut), Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, were reexamined and the taxonomic and nomenclatural problems that existed among those species discussed and resolved as required. Lectotypes are designated for Cimex caffer Thunberg, 1784, Lygaeus ater Thunberg, 1822, Lygaeus biguttatus Thunberg, 1822, and Pendulinus guttatus Thunberg, 1825. The lectotype of Pendulinus (now Metochus) guttatus is designated as neotype of Pendulinus (now Metochus) uniguttatus Thunberg, 1822; as a result the former name becomes junior objective synonym of the latter. The following taxonomic changes are proposed: Lethaeus ater (Thunberg, 1822), new combination (from Lygaeus); Migdilybs biguttatus (Thunberg, 1822), new combination (from Lygaeus) = Migdilybs furcifer Hesse, 1925, new subjective synonym; Metochus uniguttatus (Thunberg, 1822) = Metochus bengalensis (Dallas, 1852), confirmed subjective synonym = Metochus yeh (Dohrn, 1860), confirmed subjective synonym; Raglius alboacuminatus (Goeze, 1778) = Cimex caffer Thunberg, 1874, confirmed subjective synonym. Lethaeus barberi Slater, 1964 does not belong to Lethaeus Dallas, 1852 but currently it cannot be placed with confidence in any existing genus. 

  16. Dopage et protection des jeunes sportifs : Loin des affaires

    OpenAIRE

    Guy, Daniel

    2002-01-01

    National audience; Loin des affaires et des révélations polémiques de la presse, les jeunes plébiscitent massivement les activités sportives. Sport compétition, sport participation, sport détente... Pourtant, quand la pratique devient intense, que les entraînements et les compétitions s'enchaînent à un rythme soutenu, l'ombre des conduites dopantes vient déchirer la quiétude des uns et des autres. Or, que savons-nous réellement de la pratique des jeunes sportifs ? Comment préparent-ils les co...

  17. Etude du processus de changement vecu par des familles ayant decide d'adopter volontairement des comportements d'attenuation des changements climatiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leger, Michel T.

    Les activites humaines energivores telles l'utilisation intensive de l'automobile, la surconsommation de biens et l'usage excessif d'electricite contribuent aux changements climatiques et autres problemes environnementaux. Bien que plusieurs recherches rapportent que l'etre humain est de plus en plus conscient de ses impacts sur le climat de la planete, ces memes recherches indiquent qu'en general, les gens continuent a se comporter de facon non ecologique. Que ce soit a l'ecole ou dans la communaute, plusieurs chercheurs en education relative a l'environnement estiment qu'une personne bien intentionnee est capable d'adopter des comportements plus respectueux de l'environnement. Le but de cette these etait de comprendre le processus d'integration de comportements d'attenuation des changements climatiques dans des familles. A cette fin, nous nous sommes fixe deux objectifs : 1) decrire les competences et les procedes qui favorisent l'adoption de comportements d'attenuation des changements climatiques dans des familles et 2) decrire les facteurs et les dynamiques familiales qui facilitent et limitent l'adoption de comportements d'attenuation des changements climatiques dans des familles. Des familles ont ete invitees a essayer des comportements personnels et collectifs d'attenuation des changements climatiques de sorte a integrer des modes de vie plus ecologiques. Sur une periode de huit mois, nous avons suivi leur experience de changement afin de mieux comprendre comment se produit le processus de changement dans des familles qui decident volontairement d'adopter des comportements d'attenuation des changements climatiques. Apres leur avoir fourni quelques connaissances de base sur les changements climatiques, nous avons observe le vecu de changement des familles durant huit mois d'essais a l'aide de journaux reflexifs, d'entretiens d'explicitation et du journal du chercheur. La these comporte trois articles scientifiques. Dans le premier article, nous presentons une

  18. Le corps des anges

    OpenAIRE

    Margel,Serge

    2017-01-01

    Ce séminaire fait suite à un cycle de conférences données en 2014 sur la notion de corps de chair dans le premier christianisme. Cette année la recherche a porté sur le corps spécifique des anges dans la patristique grecque et latine. Sur la base d’un corpus de textes délimité, j’ai essayé de montrer deux choses principales : d’un côté, on ne peut pas comprendre la spécificité du corps des anges sans l’inscrire dans le champ de l’angélologie chrétienne, qui assimile l’ange et l’âme, et d’un a...

  19. Typologie des Accidents Cyclistes

    OpenAIRE

    Amoros, Emmanuelle; BILLOT-GRASSET, Alice; Hours, Martine

    2015-01-01

    L'usage du vélo est en hausse en ville ; cette pratique est encouragée dans le cadre du développement durable et de la lutte contre la sédentarité. Pour accompagner cela, il faut réduire les risques d'accident, et pour ce faire, mieux les connaître. Nous utilisons le Registre des victimes de la circulation routière du Rhône, basé sur les services hospitaliers (dont les urgences) ; il est quasi-exhaustif : env. 1100 blessés à vélo/an versus 120 dans les données officielles. L'ensemble des cycl...

  20. Table des tableaux

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Présentation schématique de la production et de la transformation de l’acier 16 Chronologie des nationalisations en France 33 Importations de coke de la France 48 Comparaison entre les prix de l’acier en Allemagne et en France, août 1949 99 Prix du marché intérieur et du marché mondial pour les laminés marchands (qualité Thomas) 101 Évolution de la production allemande et française d’acier brut 119 Comparaison des coûts de l’extraction de charbon en Allemagne et en France, 1949 138 Évolution ...

  1. Table des illustrations

    OpenAIRE

    2017-01-01

    Illustration de couverture : Dolmen n° 2 des Géandes avec le Mont Ventoux en arrière-plan, octobre 2006 (cliché Wolfgang Pape). Illustration de la quatrième de couverture : René Gilles sur le dolmen n° 5 des Géandes en mars 1989 (cliché Wolfgang Pape). Fig. 1 - Gorges de l’Ardèche au niveau de la grotte de Saint-Marcel (cliché Bernard Gély) 21 Fig. 2 - Doline de Bidon (cliché Wolfgang Pape) 21 Fig. 3 - Paysage de garrigue (cliché Wolfgang Pape) 22 Fig. 4 - Données radio-chronométriques de l’A...

  2. Handbook of technology law. General funamentals, environment law, genetic engineering act, energy act, telecommunication act and media act, patent act, computer act. 2. ed.; Handbuch des Technikrechts. Allgemeine Grundlagen Umweltrecht, Gentechnikrecht, Energierecht, Telekommunikations- und Medienrecht, Patentrecht, Computerrecht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulte, Martin; Schroeder, Rainer (eds.) [Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany). Juristische Fakultaet

    2011-07-01

    On the boundaries between technology sciences, jurisprudence, social sciences and economic science the technology law proves as a cross-sectional area par excellence. The bases of the technology law are presented: individual, particularly important scopes of the technology law (appliance safety regulations, technology law and environment law, genetic engineering act, energy right, telecommunications law and media law, patent law, computer law, data security, legally binding telecooperation) are analyzed in detail. The manual contacts all lawyers who want to provide a first in-depth insight of this new field of law. [German] Im Grenzbereich von Technik-, Rechts-, Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften erweist sich das Technikrecht als Querschnittsmaterie par excellence. Die Grundlagen des Technikrechts werden dargestellt; einzelne, besonders wichtige Bereiche des Technikrechts (Geraetesicherheitsrecht, Technik und Umweltrecht, Gentechnikrecht, Energierecht, Telekommunikations- und Medienrecht, Patentrecht, Computerrecht, Datensicherheit, Rechtsverbindliche Telekooperation) werden eingehend analysiert. Das Handbuch wendet sich an alle in Wissenschaft und Praxis mit dem Technikrecht befassten Juristen, die sich einen ersten vertieften Einblick in dieses neue Rechtsgebiet verschaffen wollen. (orig.)

  3. ["World domestic policy" as a way to eternal peace? Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's realistic idealism as theory of a sustainable policy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartosch, Ulrich

    2014-01-01

    The intention of this article is to show the suitability of "Weltinnenpolitik" (world domestic policy) as an analytic and programmatic view on contemporary policy. A full reconstruction or comparison of Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's concept is not at the focus. As mentioned in other contributions to this volume, Weizsäcker did not refer to the disciplinary discourses in detail. His approach is particularly 'unique' since he set about in 1963 to study the conditions of peace in a very general way. By doing so, he was able to circumscribe the conditions of peace realistically: those valid for us today and apparently also in the future. Weizsäcker probably did underestimate the complexity of the transformation to sustainable politics for preventing climate change. Vice versa one should hope that we today do not discount the prevention of atomic war as a sine qua non for sustainable climate-saving policy. Both could mark the quintessential conditions for peace.

  4. [Living without atomic power? Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker as expert in the nuclear energy debate of the 1970's].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seefried, Elke

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker crossed the boundaries separating science, politics and the public sphere. In this he was led by the conviction that scientists in the modern 'technical age' are responsible for consequences resulting from their applied knowledge. Weizsäcker tried to introduce his knowledge into the policy process by advising politicians or by using the public sphere, thus applying pressure on politics. This was not only true for the 'Göttinger Erklärung' in 1957 but also for his engagement in the nuclear energy debate of the 1970s. Influenced by the 'Limits to Growth' discourse, Weizsäcker more and more gravitated towards an ecological world view and increasingly questioned material growth as well as a techno-scientific based understanding of progress. Weizsäcker thought about risks of the technical age in general and of the use of nuclear energy in particular. In the light of a growing fragmentation of scientific authority, Weizsäcker revealed uncertainty as he became fully aware that expertise cannot be based on scientific reason and cannot code the problems in terms of truth, but is inextricably linked with value spheres and contingencies. Nevertheless, his expertise was utilized as he encouraged parts of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) around Erhard Eppler to think about alternatives in energy policy.

  5. Direction des Publications

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Synthese

    accroissement des pressions sur les écosystèmes et les espèces qu‟ils renferment. La pollution de ... Exacerbée par le changement climatique, cette anthropisation .... majeure partie de son aire de répartition. .... de cette région. .... savoir les impacts à plus grande échelle et ..... habitats et la totalité de l'aire géographique.

  6. Le vernis des apparences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grazia Nicosia

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cet article est de comprendre l’incidence sémiotique du nettoyage d’un tableau ainsi que la résultante cognitive induite sur l’observateur. Cette étude confronte l’analyse des phénomènes visuels engendrés par le jaunissement du vernis et son retrait, à des entretiens réalisés à dessein. Le retrait d’un vernis jauni change considérablement l’image. L’heure, le climat, la saison et l’activité même des personnages s’en trouvent ainsi modifié. La patine peut être perçue, soit comme un obstacle à l’exploration, soit pour ceux qui l’apprécient, comme le medium d’une relation plus intime entre l’œuvre et l’observateur.The purpose of this article is to understand the semiotic impact of the cleaning of a painting and the cognitive effects induced on the observer. This study analyses conjointly the visual phenomenon generated by yellowing varnish and its removal and controlled interviews of observers.The removal of yellowing varnish modifies considerably the perception of the picture. Daytime, climate, season and characters activities are modified. The patina may be perceived either as an obstacle to the painting exploration, or, for those who appreciate it, as a medium for a closer relationship between the painting and the observer.

  7. Dictionnaire des risques psychosociaux

    CERN Document Server

    Zawieja, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    Stress, suicide, harcèlement, épuisement professionnel, workaholism... Au-delà de la souffrance qu'elles désignent, ces notions souvent récentes constituent une approche inédite, et demandent à mieux être comprises, dans leur ensemble et isolément. C'est tout l'enjeu de ce dictionnaire, pionnier en son genre. Le lecteur y trouvera représentés, avec les 314 entrées (rédigées par 251 contributeurs) qui le composent, tous les champs disciplinaires s'intéressant à la souffrance au travail : psychologie du travail et des organisations, psychologie sociale et psychosociologie, psychanalyse, psychopathologie et psychiatrie, ergonomie, sociologie du travail et des organisations, médecine du travail, droit du travail et de la sécurité sociale, sciences de gestion, philosophie... Y sont détaillés les principaux concepts, notions, approches, méthodes, théories, outils, études, etc., ayant cours dans l'étude des risques psychosociaux, mais aussi certaines professions emblématiques (infirmières,...

  8. Grundlagen des Tissue Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Jörg; Blum, Janaki; Wintermantel, Erich

    Die Organtransplantation stellt eine verbreitete Therapie dar, um bei krankheitsoder unfallbedingter Schädigung eines Organs die Gesamtheit seiner Funktionen wieder herzustellen, indem es durch ein Spenderorgan ersetzt wird. Organtransplantationen werden für die Leber, die Niere, die Lunge, das Herz oder bei schweren grossflächigen Verbrennungen der Haut vorgenommen. Der grosse apparative, personelle und logistische Aufwand und die Risiken der Transplantationschirurgie (Abstossungsreaktionen) sowie die mangelnde Verfügbarkeit von immunologisch kompatiblen Spenderorganen führen jedoch dazu, dass der Bedarf an Organtransplantaten nur zu einem sehr geringen Teil gedeckt werden kann. Sind Spenderorgane nicht verfügbar, können in einzelnen Fällen lebenswichtige Teilfunktionen, wie beispielsweise die Filtrationsfunktion der Niere durch die Blutreinigung mittels Dialyse ersetzt oder, bei mangelnder Funktion der Bauchspeicheldrüse (Diabetes), durch die Verabreichung von Insulin ein normaler Zustand des Gesamtorganismus auch über Jahre hinweg erhalten werden. Bei der notwendigen lebenslangen Anwendung apparativer oder medikamentöser Therapie können für den Patienten jedoch häufig schwerwiegende, möglicherweise lebensverkürzende Nebenwirkungen entstehen. Daher werden in der Forschung Alternativen gesucht, um die Funktionen des ausgefallenen Organs durch die Implantation von Zellen oder in vitro gezüchteten Geweben möglichst umfassend wieder herzustellen. Dies erfordert biologisch aktive Implantate, welche die für den Stoffwechsel des Organs wichtigen Zellen enthalten und einen organtypischen Stoffwechsel entfalten.

  9. [Carl Gillmeister: the first Doctor of veterinary medicine in Mecklenburg--and in Germany (1834)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhlmann, W; Schäffer, J

    2004-02-01

    German schools and faculties of veterinary medicine did not receive the sovereign right to award the degree "Doctor medicinae veterinarae" until the early twentieth century. Until then, in the nineteenth century there were two possibilities for veterinarians to earn a doctoral degree, usually referred to as the title of "Doctor": 1. On the basis of an exceptionally excellent dissertation and after very stringent examination a candidate could be awarded the degree "Dr. med." by the faculty of a medical school, or, if the candidate had studied at a philosophical faculty, the degree "Dr. phil." 2. A doctoral degree specifically in veterinary medicine could be earned only at a medical faculty. The Medical Faculty of the University of Giessen awarded the degree "Doctor in arte veterinaria" for the first time in 1832. In this study we prove that Giessen was not the first German university to award a doctorate in veterinary medicine, a priority which has never been questioned in the literature. As early as 1829, veterinarians could earn the degree "Doctor artis veterinariae" at the Medical Faculty of the University of Rostock, where three such awards are documented between 1829 and 1831. The designation "medicina" was also intially avoided in Rostock. Therefore, of particular significance is the discovery of a fourth such document from the Rostock University Archives, the doctoral diploma of Carl Jacob Friedrich Gillmeister, who at the age of 22 was awarded the degree "Doctor medicinae veterinariae" in Rostock after a successful defense. This is the earliest, but also the last archival record of the German doctoral degree in veterinary medicine in the modern sense, because after Gillmeister no veterinarian could earn a doctoral degree in Rostock further more. Gillmeisters vita sheds light on the times and the difficulties of the veterinary profession in the poor agricultural area of Mecklenburg.

  10. Explicação em Neurociência: uma análise crítica do modelo mecanístico-causal multinivelar de Carl Craver

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ana Luísa Lamounier Costa; Samuel Simon

    2015-01-01

    ...) formulated by Carl Craver. According to him, explanations in neuroscience describe mechanisms, in other words, it points out how parts organize themselves and interact to engender the phenomenon...

  11. La géochimie organique des sédiments marins profonds. Mission orgon 3, 1976 (Mauritanie, Sénégal, Iles du Cap-Vert. Généralités et résultats obtenus à la mer. Organic Geochemistry of Deep Marine Sediments. Orgon 3 Mission, 1976 (Mauritania,Senegal,Cape Verde Islands. General and Results Obtained At Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pelet R.

    2006-11-01

    écédentes missions ORLON. A la pauvreté générale en bactéries des sédiments étudiés, jointe à la disparition totale de ces bactéries très rapidement dans la profondeur des carottes, se superpose ici, dans des niveaux profonds différents suivant les carottes, une microflore très abondante et active (non sporulée. L'importance géologique de cette découverte ne saurait être sous-estimée. Seven separate articles will be published on the ORLON 3 mission.The first will deal with general aspects, the second with the general geological setting and the other five with the results obtained at sea in the fields of interpreting echosounder profiles, describing tore samples, observing parriculote organic motter, examining entrapped gas and investigating microbiology. Echosounder profiles describe the topography of the sea bed which appears to be slashed by canyons. They also detect sedimentary sliding which appears as a normal process of sediment deposition in the region being investigated. The im.nediate description of core samples in particular revealed turbidite levels with bioclastic elements subsisting under the lysocline, thus confirming the preceding considerations among others. An examination of the figured elements in the organic matter suggests the importance of eolian detrital influx, which is something new. An analysis of the entrappeci gas gives rise ta clearcut opposition between the northern region (radial of Nouadhibou and the southern region (a region of coastal rivers and the Kayar canyon. In the latter region, the gas contains almost nothing other thon methane as a hydrocarbon. The amounts of methane in the gas are irregularly distributed and show no correlation either with the organic carbon contents or with the microbial richness of the levels. In the north the methane is slightly less predominant (ethane represents a few hundredths of methane, and the upper homo-logous series have merely traces. Although there is no correlation witb the microbial richness

  12. Reticulation des fibres lignocellulosiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landrevy, Christel

    Pour faire face à la crise économique la conception de papier à valeur ajoutée est développée par les industries papetières. Le but de se projet est l'amélioration des techniques actuelles de réticulation des fibres lignocellulosiques de la pâte à papier visant à produire un papier plus résistant. En effet, lors des réactions de réticulation traditionnelles, de nombreuses liaisons intra-fibres se forment ce qui affecte négativement l'amélioration anticipée des propriétés physiques du papier ou du matériau produit. Pour éviter la formation de ces liaisons intra-fibres, un greffage sur les fibres de groupements ne pouvant pas réagir entre eux est nécessaire. La réticulation des fibres par une réaction de « click chemistry » appelée cycloaddition de Huisgen entre un azide et un alcyne vrai, catalysée par du cuivre (CuAAC) a été l'une des solutions trouvée pour remédier à ce problème. De plus, une adaptation de cette réaction en milieux aqueux pourrait favoriser son utilisation en milieu industriel. L'étude que nous désirons entreprendre lors de ce projet vise à optimiser la réaction de CuAAC et les réactions intermédiaires (propargylation, tosylation et azidation) sur la pâte kraft, en milieu aqueux. Pour cela, les réactions ont été adaptées en milieu aqueux sur la cellulose microcristalline afin de vérifier sa faisabilité, puis transférée à la pâte kraft et l'influence de différents paramètres comme le temps de réaction ou la quantité de réactifs utilisée a été étudiée. Dans un second temps, une étude des différentes propriétés conférées au papier par les réactions a été réalisée à partir d'une série de tests papetiers optiques et physiques. Mots Clés Click chemistry, Huisgen, CuAAC, propargylation, tosylation, azidation, cellulose, pâte kraft, milieu aqueux, papier.

  13. Etude des cas: Gestion alternatîves des conflits

    OpenAIRE

    Lo, H.

    2006-01-01

    Metadata only record Pour mieux consolider les acquis consensuels pour la gestion alternative des conflits, il nous paraît essentiel de maîtriser un certain nombre de facteurs ayant trait au "partage" des gommeraies entre autres: Available in SANREM office, FS

  14. Calculation of power sources for heat pumps. Getting correct general CO{sub 2}- or primary energy factors; Berechnung des Strommix fuer Waermepumpen. Allgemeine CO{sub 2}-oder Primaerenergiefaktoren korrekt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ewert, Markus [Eon Energie AG, Muenchen (Germany)

    2005-05-17

    The contribution investigates the ecological assessment methods for heat pumps, with the conclusion that the use of CO2 or primary energy factors in accordance with the average energy mix in Germany is appropriate. Two current issues are discussed, i.e. whether the time of power consumption is important and whether the additional energy consumption of heat pumps can be assigned to a certain type of power plant. (orig.) [German] In dem Aufsatz wurde hergeleitet, dass fuer die oekologische Bewertung von Waermepumpen die Verwendung der CO{sub 2}- oder Primaerenergiefaktoren entsprechend dem allgemeinen Strommix im Jahresmittel in Deutschland sachgerecht ist. Dazu wurden die beiden in diesem Zusammenhang haeufig diskutierten Fragen untersucht, inwieweit der Zeitpunkt des Strombezuges eine Rolle spielt und der zusaetzlich entstehende Verbrauch fuer Waermepumpen einem bestimmten Kraftwerkstyp zugeordnet werden kann. (orig.)

  15. Permanenter Ausnahmezustand? Über Carl Schmitt, die Demokratie und das Getriebe der Zeit

    OpenAIRE

    Kaempfer, Wolfgang

    1996-01-01

    Die Struktur der Zeit ist – um es mit einem Heideggerschen Paradoxon zu sagen – das 'unverborgene Verborgene'. Sie läßt sich an den Erscheinungen nicht ablesen wie die Uhrzeit, sondern muß erschlossen werden. Dazu bedarf es des Rückgangs. Die Struktur der Zeit, so wie sie sich heute bietet, ist nicht erst »von gestern«. Sie hatte eine lange Inkubationszeit. Funktion und Dysfunktion der zeitgenössischen Demokratie lassen sich nicht verstehen, wenn wir diese Inkubationszeit unber...

  16. [Sigmund Freud, Rudolf Meringer and Carl Mayer: slips of the tongue and mis-readings. The history of a controversy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinterhuber, Hartmann

    2007-01-01

    In both his The Psychopathology of Everyday Life and his Lectures Sigmund Freud derived the terms unconscious, preconscious and conscious, particularly from slips in speech, slips in reading and forgetfulness. In these slips, Freud recognised parallels to dreams. In the work mentioned, he analysed these in depth as part of mental motivation. In the papers referred to, Sigmund Freud paid tribute to Rudolf Meringer and Carl Mayer's study which was published in 1895. Meringer and Mayer showed as phenomena reversals and rearrangement of whole words, syllables or sounds, along with pre-tones or anticipations and echoes, word contaminations and word substitutions as responsible for slips of the tongue. The present work demonstrates how passionately these three scientists have contributed to the controversy of their standpoints. For modern psycholinguistics and the psychology of language, speech errors are always an expression of a momentary malfunction of the human speech production system: for the cognitive process of speech production slips of the tongue offer an insight into speech processing. Pre-tones and echoes, serialization errors, as Meringer and Mayer recognised, represent the vast majority of slips of the tongue. They do not reveal any hidden point. But with lexical-semantic slips of the tongue the question of mental motivation is admissible. This short paper is a sign of appreciation and gratitude: firstly, a modest birthday gift for Sigmund Freud, secondly homage to Carl Mayer, who influenced generations of neurologists in his 40 years of chairing the Psychiatric-Neurological Clinic in Innsbruck, so that Hans Ganner rightly spoke of a "Carl Mayer School". But lastly, this short study is also-and especially-a late recognition of Rudolf Meringer, the great Austrian linguist. The view an individual has concerning mental processes and the "topology of the psychic apparatus" is decisive as to the power of determination attached to the unconscious.

  17. [The alphabet of nature and the alphabet of culture in the eighteenth century. botany, diplomatics, and ethno-linguistics according to Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner : Botany, Diplomatics, and ethno-linguistics according to Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gierl, Martin

    2010-01-01

    In the middle of the eighteenth century, Carl von Linné, Johann Christoph Gatterer, and Christian Wilhelm Büttner attempted to realize the old idea of deciphering the alphabet of the world, which Francis Bacon had raised as a general postulate of science. This article describes these attempts and their interrelations. Linné used the model of the alphabet to classify plants according to the characters of this fruiting body. Gatterer, one of the leading German historians during the Enlightenment, adopted the botanical method of classification by genus and species to classify the history of scripts. He used the forms of the alphabetic characters to measure the age of manuscripts and to map the process of history as a genealogy of culture. Gatterer collaborated closely with Büttner, the first Göttingen professor of natural history. Büttner constructed a general alphabet of languages which connected the phonetics of language with the historically known alphabets. Early on, diplomatics and ethnography combined the natural order of natural history and the cultural order of the alphabet with the attempt to register development and to document development by the evolution of forms. Based on the shared model of the alphabet and on the common necessity to classify their empirical material, natural history and the description of culture were related attempts in the middle of the eighteenth century to comprehend the alphabetically organized nature and a naturally ordered culture.

  18. Missile Aerodynamics (Aerodynamique des Missiles)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-11-01

    guerre froide la production des missiles a baisse’, avec pour consequence une diminution des budgets de d6veloppement. Les nouveaux types de conflits ...Roma) Directeur - Gestion de l’information LUXEMBOURG (Recherche et developpement) - DRDGI 3 Voir Belgique Ministbre de la Difense nationale NORVEGE

  19. Entre autoridade e lei: considerações sobre o realismo político de Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rone Eleandro Santos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Partindo da análise de Thomas Hobbes sobre o poder de decisão e a autoridade atribuída ao soberano para resolver questões que colocam o Estado em perigo, o presente artigo visa expor alguns conceitos importantes da filosofia política de Carl Schmitt como: o duplo amigo-inimigo, a questão do Liberalismo como inimigo político schmittiano, o decisionismo e o estado de exceção.

  20. "The most important technique …": Carl Rogers, Hawthorne, and the rise and fall of nondirective interviewing in sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Raymond M

    2011-01-01

    In the 1940s, interviewing practice in sociology became decisively influenced by techniques that had originally been developed by researchers in other disciplines working within a number of therapeutic or quasi-therapeutic contexts, in particular the "nondirective interviewing" methods developed by Carl Rogers and the interviewing procedures developed during the Hawthorne studies. This article discusses the development of nondirective interviewing and looks at how in the 1930s and '40s the approach came to be used in sociology. It examines the factors leading to both the popularity of the method and its subsequent fall from favor. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. The Discovery of Anti-Matter The Autobiography of Carl David Anderson, the Youngest Man to Win the Nobel Prize

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    In 1936, at age 31, Carl David Anderson became the second youngest Nobel laureate for his discovery of antimatter when he observed positrons in a cloud chamber.He is responsible for developing rocket power weapons that were used in World War II.He was born in New York City in 1905 and was educated in Los Angeles. He served for many years as a physics professor at California Institute of Technology. Prior to Oppenheimer, Anderson was offered the job of heading the Los Alamos atomic bomb program but could not assume the role because of family obligations.He was a pioneer in studying cosmic rays

  2. Otto Rank, the Rankian circle in Philadelphia, and the origins of Carl Rogers' person-centered psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    deCarvalho, R J

    1999-05-01

    Otto Rank's will therapy helped shape the ideas and techniques of relationship therapy developed by the Philadelphia social workers Jessie Taft, Virginia Robinson, and Frederick Allen in the 1930s. Rank's work and these ideas and techniques in turn strongly influenced the formulation of Carl Rogers' person-centered psychotherapy. This article compares and contrasts will, relationship, and person-centered approaches to psychotherapy and discusses the social factors--primarily the professional conflicts between a male-dominated psychiatry and female social workers over the independent practice of psychotherapy--that were crucial in the dissemination of Rank's psychological thought and the early popularity of Rogers.

  3. La Reina de las Nieves. La moral y el inconsciente : Leonardo Villalba según Sigmund Freud y Carl Jung

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolás, Maite

    2016-01-01

    Esta tesina trata sobre la moral y el inconsciente a partir del análisis del personaje Leonardo Villalba de la novela La Reina de las Nieves, escrita por Carmen Martín Gaite. El estudio se hace a partir de las siguientes teorías: inconsciente de Sigmund Freud; ello, yo y superyó de Sigmund Freud; inconsciente de Carl Jung. La información almacenada en el inconsciente de una persona es algo que ésta no puede contar ya que ella misma no sabe que tiene tal información. Así, al ser Leonardo narra...

  4. De l'importance des orbites periodiques: Detection et applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyon, Bernard

    L'ensemble des Orbites Periodiques Instables (OPIs) d'un systeme chaotique est intimement relie a ses proprietes dynamiques. A partir de l'ensemble (en principe infini) d'OPIs cachees dans l'espace des phases, on peut obtenir des quantites dynamiques importantes telles les exposants de Lyapunov, la mesure invariante, l'entropie topologique et la dimension fractale. En chaos quantique (i.e. l'etude de systemes quantiques qui ont un equivalent chaotique dans la limite classique), ces memes OPIs permettent de faire le pont entre le comportement classique et quantique de systemes non-integrables. La localisation de ces cycles fondamentaux est un probleme complexe. Cette these aborde dans un premier temps le probleme de la detection des OPIs dans les systemes chaotiques. Une etude comparative de deux algorithmes recents est presentee. Nous approfondissons ces deux methodes afin de les utiliser sur differents systemes dont des flots continus dissipatifs et conservatifs. Une analyse du taux de convergence des algorithmes est aussi realisee afin de degager les forces et les limites de ces schemes numeriques. Les methodes de detection que nous utilisons reposent sur une transformation particuliere de la dynamique initiale. Cette astuce nous a inspire une methode alternative pour cibler et stabiliser une orbite periodique quelconque dans un systeme chaotique. Le ciblage est en general combine aux methodes de controle pour stabiliser rapidement un cycle donne. En general, il faut connaitre la position et la stabilite du cycle en question. La nouvelle methode de ciblage que nous presentons ne demande pas de connaitre a priori la position et la stabilite des orbites periodiques. Elle pourrait etre un outil complementaire aux methodes de ciblage et de controle actuelles.

  5. Therapie des Status epilepticus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trinka E

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Der Status epilepticus (SE ist nach dem Schlaganfall der häufigste neurologische Notfall. Er stellt als generaliserter konvulsiver SE (GKSE die schwerste Ausprägung eines epileptischen Anfalls dar, der mit einer signifikanten Morbidität und einer ca. 20%igen Letalität verbunden ist. Nur bei der Hälfte der Patienten mit SE besteht zuvor eine Epilepsie; die meisten Fälle sind symptomatisch, wobei Schädel- Hirn-Traumata, zerebrovaskuläre Erkrankungen, ZNS-Infektionen und metabolische Ursachen führend sind. Bei Patienten mit vorbestehender Epilepsie lässt sich eine frühe Phase des GKSE erkennen, in der die Anfälle crescendoartig zunehmen, bis sie in kontinuierliche Anfallsaktivität münden (etablierte Phase. Das Management eines GKSE verlangt rasches und beherztes Vorgehen. Neben der sofort einzuleitenden Therapie muss gleichzeitig die artdiagnostische Zuordnung des SE und die Ursache erkannt und behandelt werden. Als Therapie der ersten Wahl sind Benzodiazepine etabliert, wobei intravenösem (i.v. Lorazepam gegenüber Diazepam der Vorzug zu geben ist. Versagt die Therapie mit Benzodiazepinen, muss rasch und konsequent nach einem Stufenschema vorgegangen werden. Phenytoin/Fosphenytoin, Valproinsäure, Levetiracetam und Lacosamid sind als i.v. Formulierung erhältliche Antiepileptika. Obwohl Vergleichsstudien hier fehlen, wird Phenytoin bevorzugt. Valproat und Levetiracetam sind nicht sedierend und kardiovaskulär gut verträglich, sodass hier Alternativen zu Phenytoin vorhanden sind. Lacosamid ist eine neue Therapieoption, deren Stellenwert erst bestimmt werden muss. Versagt auch die zweite Therapiestufe, so muss der Patient intubiert und in Allgemeinanästhesie intensivmedizinisch behandelt werden. Dafür stehen Thiopental, Propofol oder hoch dosiertes Midazolam zu Verfügung. Durch den eklatanten Mangel an randomisierten Studien bleibt die Therapie des GKSE empirisch und durch den Off-label-Einsatz gekennzeichnet.

  6. Mécanique des fluides

    CERN Document Server

    Cengel, Y A

    2017-01-01

    La mécanique des fluides est un outil performant qui permet d'expliquer les phénomènes qui nous entourent de l'échelle microscopique à l'échelle macroscopique. Elle est aussi à la base du développement de nombreuses technologies. Cet ouvrage à destination des étudiants donne une vision complète de la mécanique des fluides. Bien que la mécanique des fluides puisse souvent paraître rébarbative aux yeux des étudiants, cet ouvrage valorise ce domaine d'enseignement en l'illustrant de nombreux exemples issus de l'ingénierie navale, l'aéronautique, la météorologie, etc.

  7. A sociologia dos conceitos e a história dos conceitos: um diálogo entre Carl Schmitt e Reinhart Koselleck The sociology of concepts and the conceptual history: a dialog between Carl Schmitt and Reinhart Koselleck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Hermílio Villas Bôas Castelo Branco

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Muitos trabalhos de Reinhart Koselleck teriam sido influenciados pelas idéias de Carl Schmitt. Tal influência poderia ser observada não apenas no teor de críticas, entre outras, à filosofia da história, à noção de progresso, ao liberalismo, mas, também, no plano metodológico. Este trabalho busca investigar em que medida é possível aproximar a metodologia desses autores, respectivamente, a da historia dos conceitos e a da sociologia dos conceitos. A análise das metodologias de Koselleck e Schmitt consiste numa chave para desvendar determinados pressupostos epistemológicos extraídos de uma dimensão existencial do homem, possivelmente compartilhada pelos autores.Many works from Reinhart Koselleck would have been influenced by Carl Schmitt's ideas. Such influences could be observed not only in critics to the philosophy of history, to the progress notion, to liberalism, but also in a methodological scope. This article searches to investigate in which way it is possible to approach the methodology of both authors, respectively, the conceptual history and the sociology of concepts. The methodological analysis could be a key to understand epistemological premises obtained from a existential dimension of man, probably shared by both authors.

  8. O Concerto para Clarineta, Op.57 de Carl Nielsen: contexto, análises e interpretações Carl Nielsen's Clarinet Concerto, Op.57: context, analysis and performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius de Sousa Fraga

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Composto em 1928, o Concerto para Clarineta, Op.57, de Carl Nielsen (1865-1931 tornou-se uma obra fundamental na literatura da clarineta no século XX. A presente pesquisa procura discutir algumas de suas questões de performance através de uma contextualização da época em que foi escrito, com ênfase nos aspectos relevantes sobre o compositor e a produção da obra. São observadas as divergências entre a edição da Samfundet e os originais manuscritos. Por meio de uma análise da obra, busca-se discutir sua recepção inicial e seu papel na literatura da clarineta.Composed in 1928, Carl Nielsen's Clarinet Concerto, Op.57 became a fundamental work in the twentieth century clarinet literature. This study discusses some of the work's performance aspects by means of examining its context related to its composer and compositional procedures. The discrepancies between the Sanfundet edition and the composer's manuscripts are observed. Analysis aspects of the work support the discussion about its initial reception and its role in the clarinet literature.

  9. Molekulare Formen des PSA in der Diagnostik des Prostatakarzinoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lein M

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Das prostataspezifische Antigen ist die wichtigste Kenngröße in der Diagnostik und Therapieüberwachung des Prostatakarzinoms. Zur besseren Abgrenzung zwischen Männern mit und ohne Prostatakarzinom, aber auch zur Früherkennung, haben sich die molekularen Formen des PSA als wertvolle Entscheidungshilfen erwiesen. Es wird eine Übersicht über bisher vorliegende Informationen zur Aussagekraft des freien PSA, des an alpha 1-Antichymotrypsin gebundenen PSA und des komplexierten PSA (cPSA zusammen mit eigenen Resultaten gegeben. Der Quotient aus freiem und Gesamt-PSA hat sich als eine wichtige Entscheidungsgröße in der urologischen Praxis etabliert, mit der Sensitivität und Spezifität der Prostatakarzinomdiagnostik verbessert werden. Die Zahl von Prostatastanzbiopsien im Gesamt-PSA-Bereich von 4–10 ng/ml kann damit reduziert werden. Ein diagnostischer Vorteil der alleinigen Bestimmung des komplexierten PSA bzw. der entsprechenden Quotienten im Vergleich zum Gesamt-PSA und des Quotienten freies PSA zu Gesamt-PSA konnte bisher nicht sicher nachgewiesen werden.

  10. Mécanique des sols et des roches

    CERN Document Server

    Vullier, Laurent; Zhao, Jian

    2016-01-01

    La mécanique des sols et la mécanique des roches sont des disciplines généralement traitées séparément dans la littérature. Pour la première fois, un traité réunit ces deux spécialités, en intégrant également les connaissances en lien avec les écoulements souterrains et les transferts thermiques. A la fois théorique et pratique, cet ouvrage propose tout d'abord une description détaillée de la nature et de la composition des sols et des roches, puis s'attache à la modélisation de problèmes aux conditions limites et présente les essais permettant de caractériser les sols et les roches, tant d'un point de vue mécanique qu'hydraulique et thermique. La problématique des sols non saturés et des écoulements multiphasiques est également abordée. Une attention particulière est portée aux lois de comportement mécanique et à la détermination de leurs paramètres par des essais in situ et en laboratoire, et l'ouvrage offre également une présentation détaillée des systèmes de classi...

  11. Le silence des agneaux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BERNARD ROY

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte est avant tout une réflexion sur la notion d'obéissance, initiée à partir de deux évènements impliquant étroitement des membres de la profession infirmière. L'auteur se réjouit de la prise de parole et de l'implication directe d'infirmières dans le contexte du printemps érable. Il estime que la posture de ces infirmières s'inscrit dans ce que l'éthicien Guy Durand, appelle une obéissance autonome qui peut, du coup, mener à la désobéissance civile, à l'objection de conscience. En prenant exemple sur le silence des infirmières dans le contexte de la fermeture de postes d'infirmières en Minganie, l'auteur estime que cette posture est marginale chez les infirmières qui, majoritairement, adoptent une position de soumission et d'obéissance hétéronome.

  12. La médicalisation des humeurs des enfants

    OpenAIRE

    Monzée, Joël

    2015-01-01

    Les enfants qui ont des comportements dérangeants ou qui souffrent de problèmes neurologiques, comme le trouble déficitaire de l’attention avec ou sans hyperactivité (TDAH), remettent en question nos moyens d’intervention pour les aider. Alors que le contexte européen tend à privilégier une intervention psychoéducative, les milieux nord-américains recourent davantage aux psychostimulants pour réduire les effets des problèmes comportementaux des enfants. Cet article aborde quelques problématiq...

  13. Los límites de la influencia de Carl Schmitt en la República de Weimar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villacañas Berlanga, Jose Luis

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available This article exposes the deficits that the left-wing jurists from Weimar, Kirchheimer and Neumann, showed when trying to comprehend the democratic life and its institutions. The main thesis defended in the article is that these deficits were result of the influence that the conservative jurist Carl Schmitt had on them. By introducing arguments coming from who later became a nazism’s theorist, the left-wing jurists forund themselves disabled to theoretically defend democratic life.

    Este artículo expone los déficits de los juristas de izquierda de Weimar, Kirchheimer y Neumann a la hora de comprender la vida democrática y sus instituciones. La principal tesis de este ensayo es que estos déficits procedían de la influencia que el jurista conservador Carl Schmitt tuvo sobre ellos. Al depender de los argumentos que venían del que con el tiempo llegara a ser teórico de los nazis, los juristas de izquierdas se vieron incapaces de defender teóricamente la vida democrática.

  14. Imagined Places – Location in Lars von Trier’s films in the perspective of Carl Th. Dreyer and Andrey Tarkovsky

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Gunhild

    2015-01-01

    in the article. For the purpose of illustrating the concept of imagined places in Lars von Trier’s films, two of Trier’s most influential sources of inspiration – Carl Th. Dreyer and Andrey Tarkovsky – are included. In Trier’s Medea, which is based on a manuscript by Carl Th. Dreyer, location illustrates...... the spatial destabilisation typical of his oeuvre. The mythical, timeless character of the location in Antichrist, dedicated to Andrey Tarkovsky, complements the mental destabilisation of the characters – another characteristic feature in Trier’s oeuvre. Both films highlight the role of imagined places...

  15. Les reseaux de politique publique comme facteur d'influence du choix des instruments de politique energetique canadienne a des fins environnementales de 1993 a nos jours

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fathy El Dessouky, Naglaa

    l'agenda politique du pays. Notre projet de recherche, par le truchement de l'approche des reseaux de politique publique, s'attarde a decrire et a expliquer le processus de la formulation d'une politique particuliere, soit la politique energetique a des fins de protection de l'environnement, elaboree en 1993. Il s'agit de mettre en evidence les facteurs affectant le choix des instruments de ces politiques publiques dans leur contexte national. Ainsi, la question generale de cette recherche est: Comment les phases evolutives de la formation d'un reseau de politique, en l'occurrence le Conseil canadien de l'energie (CCE), menent a des caracteristiques particulieres a ce reseau; et comment celles-ci determinent-elles les types des instruments de politique publique choisis, particulierement ceux de la recente orientation des politiques energetiques canadiennes a des fins environnementales elaborees en 1993? Afin d'atteindre l'objectif de notre recherche, deux facteurs primordiaux sont utilises, soit la circulation de l'information et l'exercice du controle sur les ressources des acteurs. L'analyse des caracteristiques du reseau en fonction des liens forts et des liens faibles autant que la presence ou l'absence des trous structuraux nous permettent de bien identifier les positions des differents acteurs, etatiques et non etatiques, sur le plan de l'information et du controle, qui a leur tour, nous semble-t-il, constituent des facteurs affectant les types des instruments des politiques publiques choisis: instruments substantifs, qui indiquent le degre de l'intervention du gouvernement, et instruments proceduraux, qui mettent plutot l'accent sur le degre de l'influence du gouvernement sur les acteurs non etatiques. L'etude soutient que l'approche des reseaux se distingue notamment par son potentiel a expliquer l'interrelation relative entre idees, interets et institutions, ce qui a son tour est susceptible de permettre une meilleure comprehension des processus de l

  16. Habilitations à diriger des recherches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Pierre Corbin, Avec des dictionnaires pour compagnons.Habilitation à diriger des recherches soutenue le 24 novembre 2006.Composition du juryHenri Béjoint (Lyon 2Franz Josef Hausmann (Erlangen-NürnbergBenoît Habert (Paris 10Pierre Rézeau (CNRSMichel Roché (Toulouse 2Danièle Van de Velde (Lille 3, UMR STL, Directrice d'habilitation.Philippe Sabot, La philosophie, entre pratiques de lecture et pratiques d'écritureHabilitation à diriger des recherches soutenue le 24 novembre 2006.Compositio...

  17. Des cartes dans la classe…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Gimeno

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available La majorité des enseignants qui veulent faire des cartes — et les faire réaliser aux élèves — pour répondre aux exigences des instructions officielles, doivent surmonter leur manque de compétences en cartographie et en didactique ainsi que les difficultés propres aux logiciels de cartographie encore peu performants. Ces compétences et la réflexion qui les accompagne sont pourtant accessibles aux enfants de l’école élémentaire…

  18. TRAITEMENT DE LA DOULEUR NEUROPATHIQUE CHEZ LES PATIENTS PRESENTANT DES NEUROPATHIES CENTRALES OU PERIPHERIQUES

    OpenAIRE

    OULHACI, Amina; BENMEZROUA, Asma

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION : la douleur neuropathique est un motif tres frequent en consultation generale et specialisee. Selon les etudes internationales 7 a 8 % de la population generale presenterait des douleurs neuropathiques d’intensite moderee a severe. Actuellement, la prise en charge therapeutique de ce type de douleurs repose principalement sur les antiepileptiques, les antidepresseurs et les antalgiques opioïdes. PATIENTS ET METHODES : notre etude a permis d’etudier la prise en charge therapeu...

  19. Wider die Verherrlichung des Weiblichen : Kritik des Ökofeminismus

    OpenAIRE

    Attia, Iman

    1991-01-01

    Die Studie ist eine Kritik am Frauen- und Gesellschaftsbild des Ökofeminismus. Nach der Darstellung wesentlicher theoretischer Kategorien des Ökofeminismus, die sich zentrieren im Ideal der Hausarbeit als wichtigste Form von Subsistenzarbeit, stellt die Autorin zusammenfassend fest, daß der Ökofeminismus die gesellschaftlichen Unterschiede und historischen Veränderungen ignoriert, indem er den Weiblichkeitsbegriff aus der Gebärfähigkeit ableitet. Jede Ausbeutungsform wird reduziert auf biolog...

  20. La fabrique des extraterrestres

    OpenAIRE

    Poulain, Sébastien

    2012-01-01

    Grâce à différentes stratégies discursives et médiatiques, Radio Ici et Maintenant joue un rôle dans la fabrication de la rumeur de l’existence des extraterrestres. Cette rumeur, teintée de complot, doit servir à légitimer l’utopie messianique et millénariste de cette radio New Age qui dispose de 5 000 auditeurs au quotidien. Cette radio prophétique et thérapeutique participe donc, jusqu’à un certain degré, au renouvellement de l’espace du politico-religieux. Thanks to various media and di...

  1. Therapie des Harnwegsinfekts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stoiser B

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Harnwegsinfektionen gehören zu den häufigsten entzündlichen Erkrankungen im niedergelassenen Bereich. Eine intelligente Therapiestrategie stellt damit nicht nur eine klinische Herausforderung dar, sondern ermöglicht rasche Heilung, Vermeidung von Resistenzbildungen sowie oft unnötiger, teurer diagnostischer Schritte. Der erste entscheidende Schritt ist die genaue Klassifizierung des Harnweginfektes – asymptomatische Bakteriurie bis zur komplizierten Pyelonephritis. Hier entscheiden sich bereits Aggressivität der Behandlung sowie diagnostischer Aufwand. Für die Entwicklung einer empirischen antimikrobiellen Therapie ist die Kenntnis der häufigsten Erreger sowie lokaler Resistenzmuster wichtig. Bei gezieltem Vorgehen können die meisten Harnwegsinfekte ohne erhöhten diagnostischen Aufwand therapiert werden.

  2. Pacifisme ou guerre totale ? Une histoire politique du droit des gens : les lectures de Vitoria au XXe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Saada

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available À travers les lectures opposées faites de Vitoria par les internationalistes du début du xxe siècle, souvent d’inspiration normativiste, et par Carl Schmitt, cet article montre comment l’histoire du droit des gens constitue une histoire politique. Les premiers font du théologien de Salamanque le père du droit international contemporain, inspirateur lointain du pacifisme universaliste qui s’est développé au tournant du xixe et du xxe siècle et cristallisé dans la Société des Nations, tandis que le second voit dans le retour de la doctrine vitorienne de la guerre juste la justification de la guerre totale. La conception particulière de l’ennemi, ou des « régimes de l’ennemi », que l’on peut repérer chez Vitoria, y est tantôt oblitérée, tantôt mise en avant, manifestant dans les deux cas une reconstruction politique de l’histoire du droit des gens.

  3. LA TRADUCTION DES PREPOSITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samira MOUTAKIL

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available L’idée de cet article nous est venue d’un cours qu’on assure pour les futurs guides touristiques en Jordanie. En traduisant des textes - français-arabe ou arabe-français, les étudiants se heurtent à certains problèmes pour rendre le texte vers la langue cible et qui soit convenable syntaxiquement et sémantiquement. On a remarqué donc que la traduction des prépositions vers l’une ou l’autre langue présente un dilemme pour les apprenants. On a décidé de composer un corpus de phrases contenant les propositions en français, « à » avec toutes ses formes, « dans et sur » et de l'arabe "على", "في" . Dans un premier temps, on a constitué le corpus avec 25 phrases dans les deux langues et on les a soumises aux étudiants, la liste en français aux étudiants du niveau A2 et la liste ne arabe aux étudiants du niveau A1. Par la suite, on a dégagé ce qui ressort de leurs traductions ce qui nous a permis de faire une analyse sémantico-syntaxique assez détaillée. En conclusion de cet article, on présente les résultats de cette expérience très intéressante.

  4. Marais Des Cygnes Wildlife Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This brochure is for the Marais des Cygnes Wildlife Area, managed by Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism, and located in the floodplain of the Marais...

  5. Digitalisierung des Kulturellen Erbes (Europas)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gruber, Marion

    2011-01-01

    Gruber, M. R. (2011, 13 December). Digitalisierung des Kulturellen Erbes (Europas). Guest lecture at the IPMZ - Institute of Mass Communication and Media Research, Devision Media Change & Innovation, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

  6. A review of caribbean ecosytems and fishery resources using ECOPATH models Un examen des écosystèmes caribéens et des ressources halieutiques avec l’utilisation des modèles de relations trophiques ECOPATH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.G. Smikle

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a review of ecosystems modelling within the Caribbean using the Ecopath approach and software tools. The review is not intended to provide a direct comparison of the modelled ecosystems attributes and performance, as this would require having access to the models and the data sets used to build the models. Rather, a general comparison is made of the outputs of the models and the various authors’ descriptions of ecosystem attributes.L’article présente une revue des écosystèmes marins et des ressources halieutiques de la zone Caraïbe en utilisant l’approche Ecopath pour la modélisation des interactions au sein des écosystèmes. En dépit des nombreuses recherches déjà réalisées, la modélisation des écosystèmes marins de la Caraïbe est parcellaire et nécessite des investigations conséquentes.

  7. Storage of plugs and experimental devices from reactors; Stockage des bouchons et dispositifs experimentaux en provenance des reacteurs (1961)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerre, P.; Mestre, E. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-07-01

    - Within the general programme of storage and treatment of radioactive waste produced by the various operations carried out in an atomic center, it is useful to consider separately the problem of certain waste from reactors, which, because of its size and physical nature, has to be stored with a view to being later treated and finally evacuated. The solution which we propose for this storage problem is presented in this paper. (authors) [French] - Dans le cadre du stockage et du conditionnement des dechets radioactifs provenant des diverses manipulations effectuees dans un centre atomique, il y a lieu de considerer a part certains dechets des reacteurs qui, par leur dimension et leur nature physique doivent etre stockes en vue de leur reprise ulterieure pour un conditionnement et une evacuation definitifs. La solution que nous avons apportee a ce stockage fait l'objet de l'expose qui suit. (auteurs)

  8. Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß – im Roman und in Wirklichkeit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eberhard Knobloch

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Daniel Kehlmanns Roman „Die Vermessung der Welt“ wird hoch gepriesen und streng kritisiert. Kehlmanns Kritiker lesen seine Satire als eine verfälschte Biographie von Gauss und Humboldt, obwohl der Autor wiederholt selbstironische Bemerkungen eingestreut hat, die sein wahres Ziel offenbaren. Der Aufsatz bemüht sich, Kehlmanns fiktiven Roman angemessen zu beurteilen und einige der wirklichen Aktivitäten und Errungenschaften von Gauss und Humboldt zu charakterisieren, indem Kehlmanns erzählte mit den historischen Tatsachen verglichen werden. Beide Wissenschaftler waren stark am Erdmagnetismus interessiert, was zeitweise zu einigen Spannungen zwischen ihnen führte. Humboldts Messmethoden und seine Überzeugung, dass alles Wechselwirkung ist, waren zwei Seiten derselben Medaille. Nur numerische Elemente konnten helfen, die Gesetze zu finden, die die Natur regieren. Humboldts wissenschaftliche Techniken und Ziele (Methode der Mittelwerte waren gut begründet. Humboldts Reisen und Forschen bildeten eine untrennbare Einheit. Humboldts Naturbegriff schloss beide Möglichkeiten ein, das heißt die natura naturans und die natura naturata, die schaffende und herrschende Natur und die Natur, die von bestimmten Gesetzen beherrscht war. Sein überragendes Interesse an Naturgesetzen gründete auf der Überzeugung, dass sie ewig waren und dass sie die Ordnung und Ewigkeit der Welt garantierten. Résumé Le roman de Daniel Kehlmann „Le mesurage du monde“ est célébré et critiqué fortement en même temps. Les critiques de Kehlmann lisent sa satire comme une biographie détériorée de Gauss et de Humboldt quoique l’auteur ait inséré à maintes reprises des remarques autoironiques qui révèlent sa vraie fin. L’article s’efforce de juger justement le roman fictif de Kehlmann et de caractériser quelques-unes des activités et conquêtes réelles de Gauss et de Humboldt en comparant les faits racontés par Kehlmann avec les

  9. 我不随波逐流——宝齐莱(Carl F.Bucherer)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    奥奇米德(ARCHIMEDES)系列 瑞士皇齐莱(Carl F.Bucherer)一向致力发展精密机械腕表,在云云腕表系列中以奥奇米博(ARCHIMEDES)系列甚为出众。奥奇米德系列18k玫瑰金自动表,机械精密细致。当手腕活动时.摆陀可帮助手表自动上弦,同时,备有能量显示,让你对手表的能量一目了然,第二时区显示的功能最适合经常外出公干的人士轻松掌握不同的时间。

  10. Types of species of Apionidae (Coleoptera described by Carl Peter Thunberg (1743–1828 with description of a new genus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Alonso-Zarazaga

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The type specimens of species of Apionidae described by Carl Peter Thunberg are reviewed and lecto- and paralectotypes are designated for Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813, Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813, Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815 and Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815. A new genus Thunbergapion (type species Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813 is described, figured and placed in the tribe Aplemonini Kissinger, 1968. The new combination Thunbergapion limbatum (Thunberg, 1813 is proposed. A key to the known South African genera of the tribe is given. The following new synonymies are established: Oxystoma craccae (Linnaeus, 1767 = Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813 syn. n., Ischnopterapion (Ischnopterapion loti (Kirby, 1808 = Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815, syn. n., and Pseudoprotapion astragali (Paykull, 1800 = Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815, syn. n.

  11. Testing aspects of Carl Rogers's theory of creative environments: child-rearing antecedents of creative potential in young adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, D M; Block, J H; Block, J

    1987-04-01

    Longitudinal data involving 106 children and their parents were used to test preschool child-rearing implications of Carl Rogers's theory of creativity-fostering environments (Rogers, 1954). Indices were developed for each parent and for each mother-father combination that reflected the degree to which the parents' child-rearing practices and interactions with their preschool children matched the recommendations implicit in Rogers's description of a creativity-fostering environment. The three indices of Rogers-prescribed child-rearing practices each correlated positively (rs = .38 to .46) and significantly (all ps less than .001) with a composite index of creative potential in early adolescence, 7 to 11 years later. Rogers-prescribed preschool child-rearing practices also emerged as significant antecedents of adolescent creative potential in regression/path analyses that held constant the influence of sex, preschool intelligence, and preschool creative potential. Theoretical and methodological aspects of the study are discussed.

  12. [A failed experiment - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, Jürgen Habermas and the Max-Planck Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leendertz, Ariane

    2014-01-01

    From 1970 to 1980 Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker headed the Max-Planck-lnstitut zur Erforschung der Lebensbedingungen der wissenschaftlich-technischen Welt (MPI for the study of the living conditions of the world of science and technology) in Starnberg, jointly with Jürgen Habermas since 1971. From the start, the Max Planck Society regarded the new institute as an experiment that might perhaps be aborted a few years later. This is exactly what happened. With the retirement of Weizsäcker, his section was closed and the whole institute was renamed. In 1981. Habermas resigned, and then the institute was closed. This paper focusses on some of the problem constellations within the institute that partly explain its development and eventual closure: its birth out of the idea of scientific policy advice, the debates within the Max Planck Society and the complex relationship between Weizsäcker and Jürgen Habermas.

  13. Modifications of the isolated frog heart preparation in Carl Ludwig's Leipzig Physiological Institute: relevance for cardiovascular research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, H G

    2000-01-01

    Carl Ludwig was the first physiologist to systematically study isolated organs (heart, muscle, kidney, liver, lung). In his Leipzig Physiological Institute, the isolated perfused frog heart preparation was established in 1866 by Elias Cyon. This preparation was subsequently subjected to various modifications, and many important observations were made by scientists such as Joseph Coats, Henry Pickering Bowditch, Luigi Luciani, Michael Joseph Rossbach, Hugo Kronecker and Otto Frank. The influence of filling pressure on contraction amplitude, the all-or-none law of the heart, the absolute refractory period, postextrasystolic potentiation, the staircase ('Treppe') phenomenon and the dependence of heart function on oxidative metabolism were discovered. The negative chronotropic and inotropic effects of vagus nerve stimulation were also first documented, and a model to induce arrhythmias was established. The isolated frog heart preparation became a widely used standard model for teaching and for basic cardiovascular research. Sidney Ringer discovered the essential role of calcium ions for heart function. Otto Loewi discovered the chemical transduction mechanism of the vagus with acetylcholine as transmitter. In more recent times, the cyclical changes in cAMP and cGMP that occur during the cardiac cycle were first described in the frog heart by Wollenberger and associates. Thus, the isolated perfused frog heart established and modified in Carl Ludwig's Leipzig Physiological Institute led not only to the discovery of basic phenomena, but also to observations that became the basis for concepts to be developed and elaborated later. Furthermore, the isolated perfused frog heart was the starting point for the development of the isolated mammalian heart in the retrogradely perfused, nonworking mode in the heart-lung modification and in the working heart preparation.

  14. Kinetic Targeting of pegylated liposomal Doxorubicin: a new Approach to Reduce Toxicity during Chemotherapy (CARL-trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jansen Martin

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The therapeutic success of chemotherapeutic agents is often limited by severe adverse effects. To reduce toxicity of these drugs, nanoscale particle-based drug delivery systems (DDS are used. DDS accumulate to some extent in tumor tissues, but only a very small portion of a given dose reaches this target. Accumulation of DDS in tumor tissues is supposed to be much faster than in certain other tissues in which side effects occur ("Kinetic Targeting". Once saturation in tumor tissue is achieved, most of the administered DDS still circulate in the plasma. The extracorporeal elimination of these circulating nanoparticles would probably reduce toxicity. Methods For the CARL-trial (Controlled Application and Removal of Liposomal chemotherapeutics, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD was used as chemotherapeutic agent and double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP was performed for extracorporeal elimination of liposomes. PLD was given as 40 mg/m2 every 3 weeks in combination with vinorelbine 2 × 25 mg/m2 (neoadjuvant treatment of breast cancer, 12 patients, or as 40 mg/m2 every 4 weeks (recurrent ovarian cancer, 3 patients. Primary endpoints were the efficiency and safety profile of DFPP, and secondary endpoints were side effects and tumor response. Results DFPP eliminated ~62% of circulating PLD, corresponding to ~45% of the total dose (n = 57 cycles. AUC of doxorubicin was reduced by 50%. No leakage of doxorubicin was detected during elimination, and no relevant DFPP-related side effects occurred. Reduction in tumor size > 30% occurred in 10/12 (neoadjuvant and in 1/3 patients (recurrent. Only five grade 2 events and one grade 3 event (mucositis, neutropenia or leucopenia and a single palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia grade 2 were reported. Conclusion Extracorporeal elimination of PLD by DFPP is safe and efficient. CARL can diminish the main dose-limiting side effects of PLD, and probably many different DDS alike. Trial

  15. Train the Trainer für weiterbildungsbefugte Allgemeinärzte – ein Bericht über die Pilotveranstaltung im Rahmen des Programms Verbundweiterbildung [Train the Trainer for general practice trainer - a report of the pilot within the programme Verbundweiterbildung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steinhäuser, Jost

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background: Since 2008 the Verbundweiterbildung programme of the Competence Centre General Practice Baden-Wuerttemberg offers continual improvement with regards to content and structure of general practice training. The programme uses the didactical concept of the CanMEDs competencies, which were developed in Canada, as a postgraduate medical training framework. Train the trainer (TTT-programmes are an additional important element of these contentual optimisations of postgraduate training. Within this article we describe the conception and evaluation of the first TTT-workshop within the programme Verbundweiterbildung. Methods: The conception of the first TTT-workshop was influenced by results of a survey of general practitioner (GP trainers and by experiences with teaching GP trainers involved in medical undergraduate teaching. A questionnaire was designed to get a self-assessment about organisational and didactic aspects oriented on the CanMEDs competencies of postgraduate medical training. In addition, the workshop was evaluated by the participants.Results: The workshop lasted 12 teaching units and included the following elements: introduction into the CanMEDs competencies, feedback training, fault management, legal and organisational aspects of post graduate training. From the 29 participating trainers 76% were male and on average 57 years old. The evaluation showed a good to very good acceptance of the workshop. Initial self-rating showed the need of improving in the fields of determining learning objectives, providing formative feedback and incorporation of a trainee. Most trainers rated themselves as very good in procure CanMEDs competencies with the exclusion of the competencies “Manager“ and “Scholar“. Conclusion: A TTT-programme is an important method to improve GP training which has not been used in Germany so far. Such a GP TTT-programme should highlight especially training in providing feedback and teaching in

  16. Terre des hommes

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    Transformez votre téléphone portable en geste de solidarité ! Collecte du 12 au 23 novembre 2012   Faites un geste simple et utile en déposant vos téléphones portables inutilisés dans les urnes installées dans les trois restaurants du CERN. En Suisse, une personne change tous les 12 à 18 mois de téléphone portable. La plupart de nos vieux appareils sont simplement laissés à l’abandon avec comme seule fonction de parer une éventuelle panne à venir. On  estime ainsi que 8 millions de portables sont inutilisés, alors qu'entre 30 et 50% peuvent être réutilisés. L'action Solidarcomm leur offre une deuxième vie ! Terre des Hommes Suisse, dans le cadre de la campagne Solidarcomm, collecte et valorise vos téléphones inutilis&...

  17. Onlinespieler abseits des Mainstreams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harald Baumgartlinger

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available MMO(RPGs „Massively Multiplayer Online (Role-Playing Games“ nehmen einen Sonderstatus unter den Onlinespielen ein, welcher durch den wachsenden wirtschaftlichen Erfolg, insbesondere durch den „breakthrough hit“ (Duchenaut et al. 2006: 407 World of Warcraft (WoW, auch an Bedeutung für die Medien- und Kommunikationswissenschaft gewinnt (vgl. Inderst 2009: 15; vgl. Seifert/Jöckel 2008: 297. Der Primus des Genres, WoW, repräsentiert gemeinsam mit einigen nahezu identen Titeln insgesamt 85 Prozent der gespielten MMOGs (vgl. Williams et al. 2008: 999. Daher befasst sich auch die Mehrheit der vorliegenden Studien mit eben diesen Spielen. Neue Formen von MMO(Gs können jedoch zu ebenso neuartigen Spielerfahrungen führen und damit unterschiedliche Nutzungsmotive befriedigen (vgl. Seifert/Jöckel 2008: 309 und folglich zu einem gänzlich anderen Spielerleben führen. Während im Mainstream die kooperativen Spielerbeziehungen überwiegen, dominiert in Darkfall Online der soziale Wettbewerb. Der von Williams et al. 2008 verwendete Fragebogen diente als Rohling für die Kreation eines für die speziellen Anforderungen adaptierten Erhebungstools zur Erforschung der Spielertypologie und der Motive der Darkfall-Online-SpielerInnen. Die in der Onlinebefragung (N = 506 gesammelten Daten belegen, dass sich sowohl die Spielerdemographie, als auch die Motive der Spieler von den Mainstream MMOs unterscheiden. Zudem konnten realweltliche Eigenschaften der Spieler als signifikante Einflussfaktoren für die Spielzuwendung identifiziert werden.

  18. Peste des petits ruminants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parida, S; Muniraju, M; Mahapatra, M; Muthuchelvan, D; Buczkowski, H; Banyard, A C

    2015-12-14

    Peste des petits ruminants virus causes a highly infectious disease of small ruminants that is endemic across Africa, the Middle East and large regions of Asia. The virus is considered to be a major obstacle to the development of sustainable agriculture across the developing world and has recently been targeted by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) for eradication with the aim of global elimination of the disease by 2030. Fundamentally, the vaccines required to successfully achieve this goal are currently available, but the availability of novel vaccine preparations to also fulfill the requisite for differentiation between infected and vaccinated animals (DIVA) may reduce the time taken and the financial costs of serological surveillance in the later stages of any eradication campaign. Here, we overview what is currently known about the virus, with reference to its origin, updated global circulation, molecular evolution, diagnostic tools and vaccines currently available to combat the disease. Further, we comment on recent developments in our knowledge of various recombinant vaccines and on the potential for the development of novel multivalent vaccines for small ruminants. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Examination of the conditions of a broadening of the general tax for polluting activities to the intermediate energy consumptions, examination of the conditions of exoneration and attenuation for the energy uses in the industry; Examen des conditions d'un elargissement de la TGAP aux consommations intermediaires d'energie, examen des conditions d'exoneration et d'attenuation des usages d'energie dans l'industrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beaulinet, M

    2000-05-15

    This document examines the conditions for a broadening of the general tax on polluting activities to the intermediate energy consumptions in order to reinforce the fight against greenhouse effect and to better master the energy consumption. It analyses the characteristics of each energy source with respect to the principle of a taxation of the consumptions. Finally, several scenarios are analyzed to show the advantage and drawbacks of such a system. A first evaluation and a preliminary tariffing are given. (J.S.)

  20. CCC/WPA study : Des Lacs NWR

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Summary of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp at Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge from July 1935-May 1942 to carry on restoration and development of Des...

  1. La théorie des industries culturelles (et informationnelles, composante des SIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Miège

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Inaugurer le Cahier central de la Revue des SIC est certes une forme de reconnaissance, mais cela comporte des obligations, au premier rang desquelles la nécessité d’intéresser des lecteurs a priori pas immédiatement concernés par la thématique.Si la théorie des industries culturelles est devenue progressivement une approche marquante des SIC, en France, en Europe et plus largement encore (avec des dénominations variables et des modalités spécifiques, ce n’est en effet ni en le proclamant ha...

  2. Neologismen des Lettischen anhand des schriftstellerischen Werkes von Zigmunds Skujins

    OpenAIRE

    Javojss, Skaidrite

    2010-01-01

    Untersuchung: Aus acht Werken des zeitgenössischen Schriftstellers Zigmunds Skujins wurden 500 lettische Wörter untersucht, die in den drei umfangreichsten lettischen Wörterbüchern nicht verzeichnet und somit möglicherweise Neologismen des Autors sind. Analysiert werden die Wortarten, die Komposita, die Herkunft der assimilierten Lehnwörter, orthographische und andere Varianten bereits lexikalisierter Wörter, die Arten der Diminutivbildung und der Präfigierung. Außerdem werden Aussagen über d...

  3. Evaluer des études de gestion des entreprises : combiner des éléments principales avec des éléments pratiques

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pennink, B.J.W.

    2002-01-01

    Evaluer la recherche de gestion demande une combinaison des critères classiques et des critères pratiques. Par cette combinaison il est possible de trouver une réponse cerrecte concernant la validité et l'effet de la recherche. Dans cet article nous allons décrire comment une combinaison des

  4. Alimentation des tortues terrestres herbivores

    OpenAIRE

    Morin, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    Chez les tortues, la plupart des affections rencontrées sont directement ou indirectement liées à un défaut dans les conditions d’entretien et notamment à une alimentation inadéquate. Les ouvrages de référence ne proposent généralement que des rations qualitatives déterminées empiriquement. Ce travail se veut une synthèse bibliographique des différents travaux qui ont été menés sur les tortues terrestres herbivores, dont le but est de dégager les paramètres physiologiques sous-jacents au ...

  5. LES APPROCHES PSYCHOSOCIOLOGIQUES DES ORGANISATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deaconu Alecxandrina

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Les préoccupations pour bien comprendre la complexité des organisations sont bien connues dans la théorie et la pratique du management. La motivation la plus fréquente pour toutes les recherches et les investigationes faites a été fondée sur le besoin de savoir gérer les situations diverses en vue de maximiser la performance organisationnelle. En ce qui nous concerne, pour enrichir les informations disponibles, nous voulons élargir, dans notre communication, les approches traditionelles, focaliser l’attention sur la dimension psychologiques des organisations et présenter les mécanismes qui favorisent l’implication des salariés.

  6. L’Internet des objets

    OpenAIRE

    Benghozi, Pierre-Jean; Bureau, Sylvain; Massit-Folléa, Françoise

    2012-01-01

    L’ « internet des objets » est une dimension majeure de l’internet du futur. Mais tout le monde ne s’accorde pas encore sur sa définition, ni sur la mesure de son importance économique ou des risques qu’il induit. L’étude de nombreux rapports prospectifs et l’observation des innovations d’ores et déjà engagées a permis de mettre en relief les incertitudes techniques, économiques et socio-politiques qui pèsent sur cette véritable mutation programmée de l’internet et de proposer une approche eu...

  7. L’Internet des objets

    OpenAIRE

    Benghozi, Pierre-Jean; Bureau, Sylvain; Massit-Folléa, Françoise

    2012-01-01

    L’ « internet des objets » est une dimension majeure de l’internet du futur. Mais tout le monde ne s’accorde pas encore sur sa définition, ni sur la mesure de son importance économique ou des risques qu’il induit. L’étude de nombreux rapports prospectifs et l’observation des innovations d’ores et déjà engagées a permis de mettre en relief les incertitudes techniques, économiques et socio-politiques qui pèsent sur cette véritable mutation programmée de l’internet et de proposer une approche eu...

  8. La teoria generale dei beni / The General Theory of Goods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Menger

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Il classico è un estratto dal libro di Carl Menger Principi di economia politica (1a edizione, Wien 1871 The classic is an excerpt from the text of Carl Menger Principles of Economics (1th edition, Wien 1871

  9. Géographie des cryptarchies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Fumey

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Si toute la surface du globe est appropriée, certains territoires sont encore revendiqués par des personnes ou petits groupes usurpateurs, conquérants ou aventuriers. Leur «conquête» porte sur des espaces physiques ou virtuels (internet. Elle traduit avec constance dans l'histoire le rôle considérable de l'ancrage territorial qui reste, pour l'homme, un antidote à toutes les formes d'organisation qui le dépassent.

  10. Cardiotoxicité des psychotropes

    OpenAIRE

    TAHIRI, Abdallah

    2013-01-01

    Même à dose thérapeutique, les médicaments psychotropes sont susceptibles d'engendrer des troubles du rythme cardiaque graves avec risque létal concourant à expliquer la pré valence de la mort subite dans la population psychiatrique. Les situations cliniques à risque telles que poly médication (des psychotropes entre eux ou d'un psychotrope avec un non psychotrope allongeur de QTc), interactions médicamenteuses aussi bien pharmacodynamiques que pharmacocinétiques, traitement pa...

  11. Physique statistique des Fluides Classiques

    OpenAIRE

    Aslangul, Claude

    2006-01-01

    0 - Préambule.Préambule, table des matières1 - Rappels sur la description d'un système à l'équilibre thermodynamiqueQuelques propriétés des systèmes macroscopiques. Nature statistique de l'entropie. Grandeurs internes et grandeurs externes. Relations thermodynamiques fondamentales. Potentiels thermodynamiques. Ensembles microcanonique, canonique, grand-canonique et isotherme - isobare. Exemple: fonction de partition d'un fluide classique. Principe variationnel pour l'énergie libre.2 - Stabili...

  12. His Majesty Carl XVI Gustav, King of Sweden, Honorary President of the World Scout Foundation, and about 80 fellows, on the occasion of the 48th World Baden-Powell Fellowship Event on Saturday, 18th September 2004

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loiez

    2004-01-01

    His Majesty Carl XVI Gustav, King of Sweden, Honorary President of the World Scout Foundation, and about 80 fellows, on the occasion of the 48th World Baden-Powell Fellowship Event on Saturday, 18th September 2004

  13. La maison des mathématiques

    CERN Document Server

    Villani, Cédric; Moncorgé, Vincent

    2014-01-01

    Comment travaillent les mathématiciens ? C'est peut-être en se promenant dans les couloirs de la première des " maisons des mathématiques " de France, l'institut Henri Poincaré, que l'on trouvera quelques réponses. Le mathématicien Cédric Villani et le physicien Jean-Philippe Uzan nous invitent à découvrir cette discipline et ses acteurs. Au fil des pages on suit, à travers de superbes images signées du photographe Vincent Moncorgé, la façon dont se fabrique cette science qui reste souvent mystérieuse. Toutes les dimensions, scientifique, esthétique et poétique, des mathématiques sont convoquées grâce à des regards croisés : la diversité des inspirations des chercheurs, la source de leur créativité, l'imaginaire littéraire et artistique des mathématiques, la drôle de tribu des mathématiciens. Un voyage au cœur de cette " auberge espagnole " des mathématiques, campus " à la française " accueillant des centaines de chercheurs du monde entier, devenu un lieu d'émulation et d'éc...

  14. La compaction des sols forestiers en Wallonie

    OpenAIRE

    Destain, Marie-France

    2014-01-01

    Dans nos pays industrialisés, l’exploitation forestière fait appel à des machines de plus en plus lourdes pour assurer la vidange des coupes et le débardage des grumes. Lorsque des charges élevées sont appliquées sur des sols sensibles, une compaction du sol peut se produire entraînant une réduction de porosité, avec des conséquences néfastes sur la vitalité des peuplements. Au niveau environnemental, du fait de la compaction, l’infiltration de l’eau dans le sol est réduite, principalement...

  15. Etude des erreurs d'estimation des populations par la méthode des captures successives (DeLURY, 2 captures et des captures-recaptures (PETERSEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LAURENT M.

    1978-01-01

    Full Text Available L'estimation des populations naturelles par capture-recapture et par captures successives est souvent entachée d'erreur car, dans de nombreux cas, l'hypothèse fondamentale d'égalité des probabilités de captures pour tous les individus dans le temps et dans l'espace n'est pas respectée. Dans le cas des populations de poissons envisagés ici, les captures ont lieu par la pêche électrique. On a pu chiffrer l'ordre de grandeur des erreurs systématiques faites sur l'estimation des peuplements, en fonction des conditions particulières, biotiques et abiotiques, des différents milieux inventoriés.

  16. [Carl Gustav Carus, the first director of the newly established maternity institute of the Dresden Royal Surgical-Medical Academy 1814-1827].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarembe, B

    1989-01-01

    Carl Gustav Carus was born in 1789 in Leipzig. He studied at the University of Leipzig. His specialization in Gynecology and Obstetrics took place at the Triersches Maternity Hospital. In 1814 he was named Professor for Obstetrics in Dresden at the Royal-Surgical-Medical-Academy. He was the head of the Maternity Hospital till 1827. Under his direction many midwives, students and physicians were educated. He published numerous articles and books on medical and philosophical-psychological topics. He was a talented artist of the Romantic especially in painting landscapes. He was a friend of Caspar David Friedrich and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. After 1827 he was the physician in ordinary to 3 saxonian kings. He died in 1869. The Medical Academy in Dresden bears his name "Carl Gustav Carus" since its foundation.

  17. Mechanics of Generalized Continua

    CERN Document Server

    Maugin, Gerard A

    2010-01-01

    In their 1909 publication "Theorie des corps deformables", Eugene and Francois Cosserat made a historic contribution to materials science by establishing the fundamental principles of the mechanics of generalized continua. The chapters collected in this volume showcase the many areas of continuum mechanics that grew out of the foundational work of the Cosserat brothers. The included contributions provide a detailed survey of the most recent theoretical developments in the field of generalized continuum mechanics. The diverse topics covered include: the properties of Cosserat media, m

  18. Modeling of electrical machines with a view to their control: general concepts (EGEM, electrical engineering series); Modelisation des machines electriques en vue de leur commande: Concepts generaux (Traite EGEM, serie Genie electrique)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Louis, J.P.

    2004-07-01

    Electrical actuators are present in automatized factories, in transportation systems and in many devices of the everyday life. They must be controlled in order to get an intelligent behaviour. Control systems are based on a good knowledge of actuators, electrical machines and static converters. This knowledge is condensed in models which are based on physical laws but also on hypotheses which have to be discussed (linearity, first harmonics, symmetry). These properties are used in direct models from which the inverse models are deduced and are at the origin of control algorithms. This book deals with the general concepts of the modeling of electrical machines. The analysis, simulation and synthesis of control laws is based on dynamical models used in automation (frequency and state models). The most relevant models are based on the vectorial properties of the physical models which lead to the most commonly used transformations: Clarke, Concordia, Fortescue, Lyon, Ku and Park. (J.S.)

  19. The Return of the Political: Carl Schmitt’s Contribution to Critical Criminologies (El retorno de lo político: la contribución de Carl Schmitt a las criminologías críticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maritza Ceicilia Felices Luna

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article postulates that the study of political violence and armed conflict contributes to critical criminological theory by suggesting to look into Carl Schmitt’s concept of ‘the political’ as an alternative to the more typical conceptualisations of ‘politics’ (i.e. Weberian -power-, Marxist -class struggle- or Foucualdian -domination. It is my contention that the latter dilute politics into the economic, social, cultural sphere given that almost everything can be surmise to be an issue of power, domination or class struggle whereas the former highlights the boundaries of the political realm while still allowing for analytical connections and links to be established with the other spheres of society. The concept of ‘the political’ has opened up new avenues for those working on issues of state crimes, mass atrocities and social harm. Moreover, it can reinvigorate critical criminology’s denunciation of the state, its social control apparatuses (such as the criminal justice system as well as other modes of governance by articulating the destructive character of the criminal justice system and of similar forms of social control.

  20. Recherche des oscillations de Neutrinos $\

    CERN Document Server

    Gangler, E

    1997-01-01

    Le detecteur nomad, place sur le faisceau de neutrinos wide-band-beam du sps, de contamination en neutrino tau marginale, permet de rechercher des oscillations neutrino muon - tau dans la region de pertinence cosmologique et de distinguer statistiquement les courants charges des neutrinos tau essentiellement par leur mesure cinematique. Une large part du travail de these a donc ete consacree a la reconstruction des evenements dans les chambres a derive, cible instrumentee et cur de l'experience, dont la physique de detection est decrite. Une methode de recherche de traces fut developpee, utilisant certaines informations d'un autre sous-detecteur de nomad, le trd. Pour combler une perte d'efficacite de reconstruction, une methode de recherche de traces courtes s'appuyant sur des vertex deja constitues fut developpee en exploitant les potentialites du filtre de kalman, algorithme iteratif d'ajustement de traces. Ces methodes sont utilisees en production par la collaboration. Cette these porte sur la recherche d...

  1. Reduction des effectifs ou licenciements

    CERN Multimedia

    Maiani, Luciano

    2002-01-01

    "Vous faites un amalgame entre la reduction en cours des effectifs du CERN (organisation europeenne pour la recherche nucleaire) et les economies que le laboratoire doit realiser dans les cinq ans a venir pour financer le projet de grand collisionneur de hadrons (Le Monde du 4 septembre)" (1/2 page).

  2. Bangalore, ville des nouvelles technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarisse Didelon

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Bangalore est devenue la Silicon Valley de l’Inde. Une partie de ses habitants y vit à l’occidentale mais le reste de la population souffre de la croissance spectaculaire de la ville. Face à l’insuffisance des infrastructures, Bangalore devient de moins en moins attractive pour les entreprises internationales.

  3. Imaginário religioso: o simbolismo do herói à luz de Joseph Campbell e Carl Gustav Jung. 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Missagia Matos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available DISSERTAÇÃO DE MESTRADOMATTOS, Solange Missagia. Imaginário religioso: o simbolismo do herói à luz de Joseph Campbell e Carl Gustav Jung. 2011. 115 folhas. Dissertação (Mestrado – Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte.

  4. Frequency Assignment, Sharing and Conservation in Systems (Aerospace). (l’Attribution, le partage et la conservation des frequences pour les systemes aeronautiques et spatiales)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    le bilan radar reduits (detection ä TBA), • Effet de furtivite des cibles reduits, • Bilan de liaison possible avec des antennes peu directives...strategies d’occupation du spectre « intelligentes ». 2.1 Caracteristiques techniques particulieres. II existe trois caracteristiques techniques...prevus presentent generalement des antennes directives et dans ces conditions seule la zone geographique fixee par le lobe d’antenne est ä considerer

  5. The scientific career of the zoologist Max Wilhelm Carl Weber (1852—1937)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Florence F.J.M.; Visser, de Jaap

    1993-01-01

    It is shown that the pinnacle of Max Weber’s scientific career was the organization and leadership of the Siboga Expedition to the former Netherlands East Indies (now Indonesia) in the years 1899—1900. Before that time, as Professor of both General and Special Zoology at the University of Amsterdam,

  6. The scientific career of the zoologist Max Wilhelm Carl Weber (1852—1937)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Florence F.J.M.; Visser, de Jaap

    1993-01-01

    It is shown that the pinnacle of Max Weber’s scientific career was the organization and leadership of the Siboga Expedition to the former Netherlands East Indies (now Indonesia) in the years 1899—1900. Before that time, as Professor of both General and Special Zoology at the University of Amsterdam,

  7. Osteoporose und Genetik des Knochenstoffwechsels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obermayer-Pietsch B

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoporose ist in hohem Maß genetisch determiniert. Neue Wege der molekularbiologischen Forschung haben sich in den letzten Jahren auf diesem Gebiet etabliert. "Gene mapping" mit polymorphen genetischen Markern auf der Suche nach Phänotyp-assoziierten Genen ist ein aufwendiges, aber vielversprechendes Verfahren und wird durch die Erkenntnisse des Human Genome Projects beschleunigt. So wurde jüngst u. a. das Low-density Lipoprotein 5-Gen als wichtig für den Knochenstoffwechsel identifiziert. Kandidaten-gene wie Hormonrezeptor-, Cytokin- oder Kollagen-Gene werden hinsichtlich ihrer Gen-Gen- und Gen-Umwelt- Interaktionen untersucht und erlauben neue funktionelle Einsichten in Erkrankungen des Knochenstoffwechsels. Mutationen der Kollagen-Gene sind bei einigen seltenen Erkrankungen, wie dem Osteoporose-Pseudogliom-Syndrom oder der Osteogenesis imperfecta gefunden worden, könnten aber auch für häufige Varianten von Bindegewebsstörungen wie der congenitalen Hüftdysplasie verantwortlich sein, die etwa 10 % der weiblichen kaukasischen Bevölkerung in unterschiedlichem Ausmaß betrifft. Osteoporose am Schenkelhals und erhöhte Gelenkslaxizität sowie andere generalisierte Veränderungen des Knochen- und Kollagenstoffwechsels können hier möglicherweise ebenfalls durch Störungen des Kollagen I alpha 1-Gens erklärt werden. In Summe können wir zahlreiche neue Einsichten in die Pathophysiologie des Skelettsystems erwarten, die uns auch neue Zugangswege für Diagnostik und Therapie unserer Patienten ermöglichen werden.

  8. L'astronomie des Anciens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazé, Yaël

    2009-04-01

    Quelle que soit la civilisation à laquelle il appartient, l'être humain cherche dans le ciel des réponses aux questions qu'il se pose sur son origine, son avenir et sa finalité. Le premier mérite de ce livre est de nous rappeler que l'astronomie a commencé ainsi à travers les mythes célestes imaginés par les Anciens pour expliquer l'ordre du monde et la place qu'ils y occupaient. Mais les savoirs astronomiques passés étaient loin d'être négligeables et certainement pas limités aux seuls travaux des Grecs : c'est ce que l'auteur montre à travers une passionnante enquête, de Stonehenge à Gizeh en passant par Pékin et Mexico, fondée sur l'étude des monuments anciens et des sources écrites encore accessibles. Les tablettes mésopotamiennes, les annales chinoises, les chroniques médiévales, etc. sont en outre d'une singulière utilité pour les astronomes modernes : comment sinon remonter aux variations de la durée du jour au cours des siècles, ou percer la nature de l'explosion qui a frappé tant d'observateurs en 1054 ? Ce livre offre un voyage magnifiquement illustré à travers les âges, entre astronomie et archéologie.

  9. Tambov. Le camp des Malgré Nous alsaciens et mosellans prisonniers des Russes

    OpenAIRE

    Claerr-Stamm, Gabrielle

    2012-01-01

    « La faim, le froid, l’injustice. Et puis le silence… Tambov égale silence. Silence de la grande majorité de ceux qui en sont revenus, silence dans les familles, silence des historiens, silence des archives, silence des écrivains et des artistes, silence de l’opinion publique ». « Il a fallu l’opiniâtre courage de poignées d’individus – anciens prisonniers, responsables d’associations, quelques élus, des historiens et des journalistes – pour que la parole et la reconnaissance trouvent progres...

  10. Vers une typologie des formes spatiales des limites de l’Europe

    OpenAIRE

    de Ruffray, Sophie

    2013-01-01

    Penser l’Europe et ses limites consiste souvent à rechercher une identité européenne, un projet ou des comportements communs dans l’espace. L’approche par les représentations mentales permet de compléter par des perspectives plus subjectives, la perception des frontières. Cet article, réalisé à partir des résultats de l’enquête du projet de recherches Eurobroadmap sur la vision de l’Europe dans le monde permet de mettre en évidence une typologie des formes spatiales des limites de l’Europe. D...

  11. Deeply virtual Compton scattering with the CLAS detector for the study of generalized parton distributions; Diffusion compton profondement virtuelle avec le detecteur CLAS pour une etude des distributions de partons generalisees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Girod, F.X

    2006-12-15

    The structure of the nucleon, among the first fundamental problems in hadronic physics, is the subject of a renewed interest. The lightest baryonic state has historically been described in two complementary approaches: through elastic scattering, measuring form factors which reflect the spatial shape of charge distributions, and through deep inelastic scattering, providing access to parton distribution functions which encode the momentum content carried by the constituents. The recently developed formalism of Generalized Parton Distributions unifies those approaches and provides access to new informations. The cleanest process sensitive to GPDs is the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) contributing to the ep {yields} ep{gamma} reaction. This work deals with a dedicated experiment accomplished with the CLAS detector, completed with two specific equipments: a lead tungstate calorimeter covering photon detection at small angles, and a superconducting solenoid actively shielding the electromagnetic background. The entire project is covered: from the upgrade of the experimental setup, through the update of the software, data taking and analysis, up to a first comparison of the beam spin asymmetry to model predictions. (author)

  12. La teología política de Carl Schmitt. Una lectura desde su debate con Hans Kelsen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge C. Restrepo Ramos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de teología política de Carl Schmitt ha sido leído desde diversas ópticas, usualmente restando importancia al debate que el autor sostiene con Hans Kelsen en torno a las teorías de la soberanía, el Estado y el Derecho. Aquí se propone resaltar ese debate y proponer una lectura de la obra de Schmitt, según la cual el tercer capítulo de Teología política contiene una tesis epistemológica opuesta al purismo kelseniano, cuyo alcance teórico es quizás más rico que una mera repetición de topoi reaccionarios, como lo sugieren las lecturas alternativas. Tras justificar esa lectura, el artículo se ocupa de las características específicas del concepto de teología política esbozado por Schmitt.

  13. La teología política de Carl Schmitt. Una lectura desde su debate con Hans Kelsen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge C. Restrepo Ramos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de teología política de Carl Schmitt ha sido leído desde diversas ópticas, usualmente restando importancia al debate que el autor sostiene con Hans Kelsen en torno a las teorías de la soberanía, el Estado y el Derecho. Aquí se propone resaltar ese debate y proponer una lectura de la obra de Schmitt, según la cual el tercer capítulo de Teología política contiene una tesis epistemológica opuesta al purismo kelseniano, cuyo alcance teórico es quizás más rico que una mera repetición de topoi reaccionarios, como lo sugieren las lecturas alternativas. Tras justificar esa lectura, el artículo se ocupa de las características específicas del concepto de teología política esbozado por Schmitt.

  14. A PROBLEMÁTICA DA REPRESENTAÇÃO POLÍTICA NO PENSAMENTO DE CARL SCHMITT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Rossi

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available nosso trabalho será orientado sobre o conceito de representação política no pensamento de CarlSchmitt, ao aprofundar a leitura de sua sugestiva obra “Catolicismo e Forma Política”. Um dos pontosteóricos centrais constitui o modo em que o jurista analisa a matriz do catolicismo como a última forma derepresentação política em detrimento da matriz liberal, a qual é caracterizada especificamente na suadimensão economicista. Portanto, o esgotamento de toda possível representação consiste, para o jurista,nos valores econômicos carentes de autêntica representação. Do mesmo modo, o sugestivo do argumentode Schmitt para dar conta de tal esgotamento, se concentra na análise de três âmbitos que se implicammutuamente: metafísica, ética e política.

  15. Carl gustav jung, quantum physics and the spiritual mind: a mystical vision of the twenty-first century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valadas Ponte, Diogo; Schäfer, Lothar

    2013-12-01

    We describe similarities in the ontology of quantum physics and of Carl Gustav Jung's psychology. In spite of the fact that physics and psychology are usually considered as unrelated, in the last century, both of these disciplines have led at the same time to revolutionary changes in the Western understanding of the cosmic order, discovering a non-empirical realm of the universe that doesn't consist of material things but of forms. These forms are real, even though they are invisible, because they have the potential to appear in the empirical world and act in it. We present arguments that force us to believe, that the empirical world is an emanation out of a cosmic realm of potentiality, whose forms can appear as physical structures in the external world and as archetypal concepts in our mind. Accordingly, the evolution of life now appears no longer as a process of the adaptation of species to their environment, but as the adaptation of minds to increasingly complex forms that exist in the cosmic potentiality. The cosmic connection means that the human mind is a mystical mind.

  16. The Swedish marine nematologist Carl Allgén (1886-1960): a bio-bibliography and his collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boström, Sven; Holovachov, Oleksandr

    2017-02-20

    The Swedish marine nematologist Carl Allgén (1886-1960) published 185 scientific papers on parasitic, terrestrial, limnic and especially marine nematodes between 1921 and 1960. Among them are also some papers on species of suctorians found mostly on desmodorid nematodes. He described about 70 new genera and over 800 new species and subspecies of nematodes. Allgén left a large collection of nematodes to the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm and it is now deposited in the invertebrate collection of the Zoology department. The collection comprises about 4500 slides in total, with about 310 slides containing type specimens collected from the Arctic to Antarctica. Allgén's publications have to a large extent been ignored by scientists working on marine nematodes, likely because of the poor quality of many of his species descriptions. The authors want to remind the scientific community about the existence of Allgén's collection, its availability for study and its importance for nematode taxonomy and systematics. A complete list of Allgén's publications, a list of all species described by him, and a list of type material available is presented.

  17. Carl von Rokitansky and the Italian translation of the Handbuch der Pathologischen Anatomie: a linguistic and doctrinal enigma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castagnoli, L; Jonjic, N; Rizzardi, C; Melato, M

    2001-12-01

    Carl von Rokitansky was the author of a treatise that came out between 1842 and 1846 with the title Handbuch der Pathologischen Anatomie. A historical milestone in pathological anatomy, Rokitansky's work represented the first attempt to systematically classify pathological specimens. Its publication inevitably made a great impact on Vienna, at that time the major European medical centre. The Italian translation of Rokitansky's masterpiece, Trattato Completo di Anatomia Patologica, published in Venice in 1852, was carried out by Ricchetti and Fano: the former a philologist and the latter a Triestine physician who, in 1873, had worked at Simon Pertot's side, the first prosector to be assumed in Trieste. From the start, the two translators not only made no secret of the linguistic obstacles they came up against, but also how unconvincing Rokitansky's doctrines were; a scepticism emerged from their words that inevitably contributed to the realization of a translation difficult to read. Undoubtedly, Rokitansky elaborated a theory of disease containing a certain degree of unclarity and in this respect it is interesting to emphasize that even the English translation, Manual of Pathologic Anatomy (1849-1854), demonstrated similar conceptual problems. A convinced supporter of gross pathology, Rokitansky put forth a theory of disease, the so-called Krasenlehre, resting upon humoral doctrines. This new knowledge inevitably exerted a great influence over Viennese, as well as German, medicine. Rokitansky's humoral pathology survived until the 1850s, when it was attacked by young Virchow, the future, universally recognized, father of cellular pathology, who definitively extinguished speculative humoral pathology.

  18. Quality management of medical education at the Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieter, Peter Erich

    2008-12-01

    The Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany, was founded in 1993 after the reunification of Germany. In 1999, a reform process of medical education was started together with Harvard Medical International. The traditional teacher and discipline-centred curriculum was replaced by a student-centred, interdisciplinary and integrative curriculum which has been named DIPOL (Dresden Integrative Patient/Problem- Oriented Learning). The reform process was accompanied and supported by a parallel-ongoing Faculty Development Program. In 2004, a Quality Management Program in medical education was implemented, and in 2005 medical education received DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 certification. Quality Management Program and DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 certification were/are unique for the 34 medical schools in Germany. The students played a very important strategic role in all processes. They were/are members in all committees like the Faculty Board, the Board of Study Affairs (with equal representation) and the ongoing audits in the Quality Management Program. Students are the only ones who experience all years of the curriculum and are capable of detecting, for example gaps, overlaps, inconsistencies of the curriculum and assessments. Therefore, the in-depth knowledge of students about the medical school's curriculum is a very helpful and essential tool in curriculum reform processes and Quality Management Programs of medical education. The reform in medical education, the establishment of the Quality Management program and the certification resulted in an improvement of quality and output of medical education and medical research.

  19. [A utopian episode - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker in the networks of the Max-Planck Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kant, Horst; Renn, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker was a key figure in the history of the Max Planck Society (MPS). This essay contextualises his work with the development of the MPS, highlighting the institutional and personal networks upon which it was based. Some of the stations addressed in the following are his role in the German Uranium Project, in preparing the Mainau Declaration, the Göttingen Manifesto, and the Memorandum of Tübingen as well as his involvement in the foundation of the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Human Development and his own MPI for the Research of Living Conditions in the Modern World located in Starnberg. The relationship between Weizsäcker and Hellmut Becker, long-time friend and founding director of the MPI for Human Development, will be of particular interest. Another issue broached here is the connection between natural science and the humanities in Weizsäcker's work, and subsequently the relation between these two science cultures in the MPS. Finally, we look at the challenges Weizsäcker's work could present to the MPS today.

  20. Entre Carl Schmitt y Thomas Hobbes . Un es tudio del liberalismo moderno a partir del pensamiento de Leo Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Daniel Parra Quintero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente ensayo es una lectura sobre el liberalismo moderno desde el pensamiento de Leo Strauss. A partir de su análisis del Concepto de lo político de Carl Schmitt y su crítica de la "despolitización y neutralización" liberal, Strauss responde con una afirmación del problema del derecho natural, para lo cual es fundamental como primer paso estudiar la filosofía política de Thomas Hobbes. Desde allí Strauss se plantea un punto de contraste hacia una consideración clásica del derecho natural que pueda hacer frente al nihilismo político o cosmopolitanismo apolítico en la modernidad tardía, resultado ambos tanto del histori-cismo radical como del positivismo metodológico. Strauss antepone a la afirmación de la voluntad del poder soberano la búsqueda del derecho natural como representación de la idea de la justicia.

  1. Carl Schmitt's attitude towards total war and total enemy on the eve of the outbreak of WWII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molnar Aleksandar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Carl Schmitt is usually perceived as the theorist of total state, total war and total hostility. In the article, the author however tries to show that from 1937 to 1944, Schmitt was arguing that total war and total hostility were dangerous for Germany (as well as for the rest of Europe and warned against perpetuation of all efforts to totalize enemy that started in 1914. In his theoretical endeavors in this period there was place for the total state only - and especially for the total state strong enough to resist temptation of declaring total war on total enemy. The total state he recommended Hitler and his Nazi comrades was German Reich, as a part of Europe ordered and divided in the huge spaces (Grossraumordnung. Positioned in the centre of Europe, between the rest of the powers (France, Italy, USSR as well as the Scandinavian states, Germany should be careful enough to wage war only against its Eastern enemies (Poland and maybe USSR and only in order to achieve 'just' borders. Occupying in this way its huge space Germany should devote itself to the task of exploitation of various peoples such as Poles, Chechs and Slovaks, which were perceived as incapable of having their states and doomed to serve the master race - the Germans.

  2. Carl Gustav Jung, Quantum Physics and the Spiritual Mind: A Mystical Vision of the Twenty-First Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lothar Schäfer

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We describe similarities in the ontology of quantum physics and of Carl Gustav Jung’s psychology. In spite of the fact that physics and psychology are usually considered as unrelated, in the last century, both of these disciplines have led at the same time to revolutionary changes in the Western understanding of the cosmic order, discovering a non-empirical realm of the universe that doesn’t consist of material things but of forms. These forms are real, even though they are invisible, because they have the potential to appear in the empirical world and act in it. We present arguments that force us to believe, that the empirical world is an emanation out of a cosmic realm of potentiality, whose forms can appear as physical structures in the external world and as archetypal concepts in our mind. Accordingly, the evolution of life now appears no longer as a process of the adaptation of species to their environment, but as the adaptation of minds to increasingly complex forms that exist in the cosmic potentiality. The cosmic connection means that the human mind is a mystical mind.

  3. Analysis and Comparison of the Ideas and Later Influences of Henri Jomini and Carl von Clausewitz

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-04-01

    Germany between the wars. The commander-in-chief of 0 the new German army, General von Blomberg , at a 1933 celebration of the one hundredth anniversary... Peter Paret, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1976. 4. Collins, John M. Grand Strategy: Principles and Practices. Annapolis, Maryland...Schlieffen. United States Military Academy, West Point, New York: Department of Military Art and Engineering, 1967. 15. Paret, Peter . Clausewitz and

  4. Evaluation des retombees economiques des projets energetiques au Quebec : Analyse couts-avantages de la mini-centrale hydroelectrique de Val-Jalbert

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ossoro, Marcel Thierry

    'analyse couts-avantages, peut etre applique pour l'evaluation d'impact net des projets energetiques au Quebec et optimiser la decision economique en amont dans la province en general, et dans le secteur de l'energie en particulier.

  5. Administration et gestion des contrats XL

    CERN Document Server

    Senouf, J

    2000-01-01

    Les grands contrats de travaux génèrent un grand nombre de commandes (OSVC) passées par un grand nombre de responsables techniques. Ils sont généralement basés sur des bordereaux de prix associés à un éventail de conditions économiques adaptées aux besoins complexes et variés des multiples utilisateurs du CERN nécessitant des calculs sophistiqués. L'administration des commandes, le suivi des travaux et de la facturation doivent répondre aux besoins de tous les acteurs. Les responsables techniques doivent jouir de la plus large indépendance administrative dans le respect des règlements CERN et des conditions contractuelles. Le contrôle des métrés et décomptes doit être rigoureux et d'une traçabilité complète. L'utilisation des bases de données Oracle a déjà permis l'intégration des données administratives et techniques. Le Web nous invite à une communication totale et transparente entre les utilisateurs, les services techniques et les contractants. De nouveaux types de contrat so...

  6. Enquête de satisfaction des restaurants

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    Comité de surveillance des restaurants L’Association du personnel est représentée dans plusieurs comités dont le Comité de surveillance des restaurants (CSR) qui a pour mandat : de donner son avis sur toute question relative à la politique générale de l’Organisation en matière de restauration sur le site, y compris en ce qui concerne les termes et l’attribution des contrats d’exploitation des restaurants ; de définir dans le cadre des contrats d’exploitation des restaurants, les prestations correspondant aux besoins et, dans la mesure du possible, aux désirs du personnel ; de surveiller les prestations des restaurants, y compris en ce qui concerne la qualité et la préparation des produits ; de négocier avec les concessionnaires des restaurants au sujet des tarifs et de surveill...

  7. La territorialisation des politiques environnementales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amédée Mollard

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Le point de départ de cet article est la grande variabilité de la pollution nitrique diffuse de l’eau due à l’agriculture. Celle-ci dépend en particulier du climat, des types de sol et des systèmes de production agricole. Nos recherches réalisées de façon interdisciplinaire à partir de deux sites différents en France, montrent que cette hétérogénéité spatio-temporelle conditionne les pratiques agricoles mises en œuvre pour réduire la pollution au niveau de la norme admise. De ce fait, les pratiques les plus « coût-efficaces » diffèrent d’un territoire à l’autre, en fonction des caractéristiques locales. Ces résultats mettent donc en évidence une efficacité potentielle d’une territorialisation des politiques publiques. En théorie, de telles politiques sont considérées comme optimales par les économistes, car elles incitent les agents à moduler leurs efforts en fonction de la sensibilité du milieu. Mais, selon les études empiriques, cet avantage serait annulé par un coût élevé de mise en œuvre, de contrôle et de surveillance. Pour maintenir leur avantage sur des politiques uniformes, les politiques territorialisées devraient être mises en œuvre à un niveau spatial optimal. Un tel niveau devrait au minimum atteindre un compromis entre l’économie réalisée grâce à une modulation adaptée aux conditions locales et les sur-coûts dus à la décentralisation des solutions mises en œuvre. Cet article analyse la pertinence d’une prise en compte de ces spécificités par des politiques territorialisées. L’efficacité d’une régulation différenciée de la pollution nitrique est étudiée ici en évaluant l’importance de la variabilité spatiale des paramètres physiques et des coûts de la territorialisation.The paper starts with the wide variability of nonpoint water nitrogenous pollution generated by agriculture. This variability depends especially on climate, soil types and farming

  8. Evaluation des systèmes existants pour le suivi à long terme des déformations des ponts

    OpenAIRE

    BURDET, Olivier; Muttoni, Aurelio

    2006-01-01

    Le projet de recherche Evaluation des systèmes existants pour le suivi à long terme des déformations des ponts a été initié dans le but de préparer sous forme condensée une présentation et une évaluation des systèmes de mesure existants pour le suivi à long terme des déformations de ponts ainsi que des recommandations en vue d’applications particulières. Ce sujet est d’actualité car d’une part il importe de gérer au mieux les ouvrages et les ressources et d’autre part parce que plusieurs cas ...

  9. Géographie des interfaces. Une nouvelle vision des territoires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Redon

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Littéralement, une interface est une surface de séparation entre deux états distincts de la matière. Le terme, ayant cheminé de la physique à la biologie, et aussi désormais d’usage répandu en informatique. En géographie, l’usage du mot s’est développé dans les années 1980 et peut être défini comme un espace permettant la mise en relation de deux espaces/territoires différents, influencé par des échanges entre l’un et l’autre, et se distinguant par là-même des deux espaces contigus. Intégrant...

  10. Evaluation des performances des protocoles de routage Ad hoc

    OpenAIRE

    Boushaba, Abdelali; Oumsis, Mohammed; Benabbou, Rachid

    2010-01-01

    International audience; L'objectif de ce travail est d'une part, de confronter par la simulation, à l'aide de NS-2, les performances de quatre protocoles de routage Ad hoc: DSR, AODV, OLSR et DSDV et d'autre part, d'examiner l'impact de la charge du trafic, de la mobilité et de la densité des nœuds sur le comportement de ces protocoles. Les résultats montrent qu'il n'y a pas un protocole qui est favori pour tous les critères d'évaluation. En effet, chaque protocole a des comportements différe...

  11. Bibliographie. Des ouvrages et des travaux cités et utilisés1

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    AGI Archivo General de Indias (Séville) AGN Archivo General de la Nación (México) AHN Archivo Histórico Nacional (Madrid) HAHR Hispanic American Historical Review PAJHS Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society Actas de Cabildo de la ciudad de México México, 1889 à 1911 pour les 42 premiers livres (1524-1705). Les archives de l’Ayuntamiento de la ville de México ont été répertoriées de nouveau en 1971 et le contenu des volumes a été légèrement modifié par Miguel Mendoza López. Ac...

  12. Marie-Pierre Lassus, Gaston Bachelard musicien. Une philosophie des silences et des timbres

    OpenAIRE

    Marida Rizzuti

    2012-01-01

    Marie-Pierre Lassus, Gaston Bachelard musicien. Une philosophie des silences et des timbres (Villeneuve d’Ascq, Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, 2010, 268 pp. ISBN: 978-275-740-1613) di     Marida Rizzuti

  13. Étude des impacts écologiques du dynamisme spatio-temporel des ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    4 nov. 2013 ... du changement des habitats naturels sur les espèces menacées de sa faune. ... le contexte des changements climatiques. La situation de la .... naturels des espèces de la faune menacée dans la région évo- luent au cours du ... distribution des espèces cibles a ensuite été cartographiée sur la couche ...

  14. Beeinflussung des Essentiellen Tremors und des Tremors beim Morbus Parkinson durch transkranielle Gleichstromstimulation

    OpenAIRE

    Hellriegel, Helge

    2010-01-01

    Ziel dieser Arbeit war es die Rolle des primärmotorischen Kortex bei der Entstehung und Weiterleitung des Essentiellen Tremors und des Tremors beim Morbus Parkinson zu untersuchen. Hierzu wurde eine transkranielle Gleichstromstimulation über dem primärmotorischen Kortex bei Patienten mit oben genannten Tremorsyndromen durchgeführt und die klinischen sowie elektrophysiologisch messbaren Änderungen des Tremors beurteilt.

  15. Contribution à la Gestion des Cercosporioses du bananier dues à ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 mai 2017 ... the state of disease progression after each treatment. Results and applications ..... 2007, des logiciels SPSS (Statistical Package for Social. Sciences) version ... un facteur suivies d'un test de comparaison des moyennes des ...

  16. La gestion des adoptions internationales

    OpenAIRE

    Boéchat, Hervé

    2011-01-01

    Après les rumeurs nées lors du tsunami et le désastre avéré de L’Arche de Zoé, l’adoption – et plus généralement le sort des enfants – est devenue une préoccupation majeure en cas de catastrophe naturelle ou de conflit. Haïti, pays depuis longtemps ouvert à l’adoption internationale, n’a pas échappé à la polémique. Hervé Boéchat nous livre l’appréciation de son institution sur cet épisode qui n’a sans doute pas contribué à apaiser le ressentiment des Haïtiens contre la « communauté internati...

  17. Catalogue ostéologique des oiseaux

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oort, van E.D.

    1907-01-01

    Je le crois utile de faire précéder le présent Catalogue par quelques remarques. J’ai énuméré autant que possible les parties, qui font défaut aux squelettes. L’absence de plusieurs osselets, comme des doigts, des vertèbres caudales, des côtes etc. au même échantillon, est indiqué par „incomplet” ou

  18. Le piratage des biens d'information

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Belleflamme

    2003-01-01

    Où se situe le juste milieu entre les propos alarmistes des uns (“le piratage tue la production musicale!”) et les appels libertaires des autres (“l'accès à toute information doit être libre!”) ? Une analyse économique simple nous permet de mieux comprendre les enjeux et de dégager des pistes de réflexion pour l'avenir.

  19. 79 Influences des rejets des eaux usées domestiques dans les ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PR BOKO

    L'usage agricole d'effluents liquides peut être considéré comme une ... Rares sont celles qui sont alimentées par une eau de source [8]. ... nutriments, des Eléments Traces Métalliques (ETM) [9], des micro- ... essentiels pour la croissance des plantes ; ils provoquent cependant une prolifération excessive d' algues. La.

  20. Présentation des textes

    OpenAIRE

    Freitag, Michel

    2015-01-01

    Les textes choisis n’ont pas pour but la reconstitution ou le survol d’une carrière, mais la mise en valeur des étapes saillantes d’une double éclosion, celle d’Elizabeth Cady Stanton comme féministe et avec elle celle du mouvement de défense des droits des femmes aux États-Unis. Un tel objectif implique donc des limites temporelles en amont et en aval de l’événement fondateur que fut la Convention de Seneca Falls en 1848, origine du texte non moins fondateur de la Déclaration de sentiments r...

  1. Annuaire du Bureau des longitudes - 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imcce; Bureau Des Longitudes

    2005-07-01

    This annual publication provides ephemerides and data to the use of professionnal and amateur astronomers. Divided in 11 chapters it covers concordance of various calendars, explanation of fondamental astronomy and various time scales, explanation for the use of ephemerides; tables provide ephemerides (positions, rise/set/passage) of the Sun and the Moon, planets, planetary satellites, asteroids, comets, bright stars; data and explanation for the physical observation of the surface of the Sun, the Moon, and planets; chart of the sky and a list of constellations and galaxies; prediction and ephemerides for astronomical phenomenon: occultation by the moon, stellar occultations by asteroids and appulses, solar eclipses and lunar eclipses; and an additional review about a hot scientific topic, this year: "Legendre et le méridien terrestre, 200 ans après". Cette publication annuelle fournit des éphémérides et des données à l'usage des astronomes professionnels et des astronomes amateurs. Composée de 11 chapitres elle comprend les rubriques sur les différents calendriers et leurs concordance, les fêtes légales en France, les dates et décrets sur les heures légales en France métropolitaine ; une introduction à l'astronomie fondamentale et aux différentes échelles de temps, des explications sur l'utilisation des éphémérides ; des tables fournissent les éphémérides (positions, heures de lever/coucher/passage) du Soleil et de la Lune, de planètes, de satellites naturels, d'astéroïdes, de comètes, d'étoiles brillantes ; des données pour l'observation de la surface du Soleil, de la Lune, et des planètes ; des cartes du ciel ainsi qu'une liste de constellations et de galaxies ; des prédictions des phénomènes astronomiques : occultation par la Lune, occultation stellaires par des astéroïdes et appulses, éclipses de Soleil et de la Lune; la liste et les coordonnées des observatoires astronomiques les plus connus ; et enfin un cahier th

  2. Vivre et survivre au bord des villes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Péraldi

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available De quels revenus vivent, ou plutôt survivent, les populations des quartiers dits défavorisés ? Telle est, malgré son apparente banalité, la question qui initie aujourd'hui une partie de nos recherches. Question banale en effet puisque les médias et le débat politique nous donnent une réponse sans appel, statistiquement fiable : dans ces univers sociaux où se croisent des communautés issues des plus récentes migrations et les fractions les plus fragiles économiquement des classes populaires fr...

  3. La compaction des sols agricoles en Wallonie

    OpenAIRE

    Destain, Marie-France

    2014-01-01

    Dans nos pays industrialisés, l’agriculture fait appel à des machines de plus en plus lourdes. Lorsque des charges élevées sont appliquées sur des sols sensibles, une compaction du sol peut se produire conduisant à des diminutions de rendements suite aux difficultés que rencontrent les racines pour prélever l’eau et les nutriments et à la perturbation de l’activité de la pédofaune. Au niveau environnemental, du fait de la compaction, l’infiltration de l’eau dans le sol est réduite, princip...

  4. EFFET DES TRAITEMENTS THERMIQUES SUR LA REACTION ENTRE DES COUCHES MINCES DE TITANE ET DES SUBSTRATS EN ACIER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Slimani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Des couches minces du titane pur ont été déposées avec la méthode de pulvérisation cathodique sur des substrats en acier, type FF80 K-1 contenants ~1% mass. en carbone. La réaction entre les deux parties du système substrat-couche mince est activée avec des traitements thermiques sous vide dans l’intervalle de températures de 400 à900°Cpendant 30 minutes. Les Spectres de diffraction de rayons x confirment l’inter- diffusion des éléments  chimiques du système résultants la formation et la croissance des nouvelles phases en particulier le carbure binaire TiC ayant des caractéristiques thermomécaniques importantes. L’analyse morphologique des échantillons traités  avec le microscope électronique à balayage (MEB montre l’augmentation du flux de diffusion atomique avec la température de recuit, notamment la diffusion du manganèse et du fer vers la surface libre des échantillons aux températures élevées provoquant la dégradation des propriétés mécaniques des revêtements contrairement au premiers stades d’interaction où on a obtenu des bonnes valeurs de la microdureté.

  5. [Tone psychology and music research as catalysts of experimental-scientific practice and methodology in the circle of Carl Stumpf].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klotz, Sebastian

    2008-09-01

    The study of acoustics, harmonics and of music has been providing scientific models since Greek Antiquity. Since the early modern ages, two separate cultures began to emerge out of the study of music: a technical acoustics and an aesthetically and philosophically inspired musical criticism. In the writings of Johann Friedrich Herbart (1811) a scientific approach to musical aesthetics and to music perception is taking shape that reinstalls the listening process as a highly complex and logical phenomenon. By opening music for a scientific psychological investigation, Herbart pioneered the physiologically and acoustically grounded seminal work by Hermann von Helmholtz On the sensations of tone (1863) which the author considered a prerequisite for musical aesthetics and music theory. Helmholtz in turn inspired the philosopher and psychologist Carl Stumpf to further investigate musical perception (beginning in 1883). To Stumpf, it provided a paradigm for experimental psychology as mental functions and phenomena could be studied in detail. These functions and phenomena are the actual objects of scientific study in Stumpf's inductive and descriptive psychology. Combining insights from statistics, ethnology, anthropology, psychoacoustics and the cultural history of mankind, Stumpf and his team developed a new blend of science which absorbs styles of reasoning, analytical procedures and academic convictions from natural history, the natural sciences and the humanities but at the same time identifies shortcomings of these approaches that fail to grasp the complexities of psychic functions. Despite their reliance on the quasi-objective phonograph and despite their commitment to objectivity, precision and measurement, mental phenomena relating to tonal perception and to music provided too complex a challenge to be easily articulated and shared by the scientific community after 1900. The essay illustrates these tensions against the background of a history of objectivity.

  6. Transport quantique dans des nanostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naud, C.

    2002-09-01

    structure des oscillations de conductance en fonction du flux du champ magnétique de période h/e dont l'amplitude est beaucoup plus importante que celle mesurée sur un réseau carré de même dimension. Cette différence constitue une signature d'un effet de localisation induit par le champ magnétique sur la topologie mathcal{T}3. Pour des valeurs spécifiques du champ magnétique, du fait des interférences destructives Aharonov-Bohm, la propagation des fonctions d'ondes est limitée à un ensemble fini de cellule du réseau appelé cage. De la dépendance en température des oscillations de période h/e mesurées sur le réseau mathcal{T}3 nous avons tiré une longueur caractéristique qui peut être rattachée au périmètre des cages. Un phénomène inattendu fut l'observation, pour des champs magnétiques plus importants, d'un doublement de fréquence des oscillations. Ces oscillations de période h/2e pouvant avoir une amplitude supérieure aux oscillations de période h/e, une interprétation en terme d'harmonique n'est pas possible. Enfin, l'influence de la largeur électrique des fils constituant le réseau et donc celle du nombre de canaux par brin a été étudiée en réalisant des grilles électrostatique. Les variations de l'amplitude des signaux en h/e et h/2e en fonction de la tension de grille ont été mesurés.

  7. Using XML to encode TMA DES metadata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Lyttleton

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The Tissue Microarray Data Exchange Specification (TMA DES is an XML specification for encoding TMA experiment data. While TMA DES data is encoded in XML, the files that describe its syntax, structure, and semantics are not. The DTD format is used to describe the syntax and structure of TMA DES, and the ISO 11179 format is used to define the semantics of TMA DES. However, XML Schema can be used in place of DTDs, and another XML encoded format, RDF, can be used in place of ISO 11179. Encoding all TMA DES data and metadata in XML would simplify the development and usage of programs which validate and parse TMA DES data. XML Schema has advantages over DTDs such as support for data types, and a more powerful means of specifying constraints on data values. An advantage of RDF encoded in XML over ISO 11179 is that XML defines rules for encoding data, whereas ISO 11179 does not. Materials and Methods: We created an XML Schema version of the TMA DES DTD. We wrote a program that converted ISO 11179 definitions to RDF encoded in XML, and used it to convert the TMA DES ISO 11179 definitions to RDF. Results: We validated a sample TMA DES XML file that was supplied with the publication that originally specified TMA DES using our XML Schema. We successfully validated the RDF produced by our ISO 11179 converter with the W3C RDF validation service. Conclusions: All TMA DES data could be encoded using XML, which simplifies its processing. XML Schema allows datatypes and valid value ranges to be specified for CDEs, which enables a wider range of error checking to be performed using XML Schemas than could be performed using DTDs.

  8. Using XML to encode TMA DES metadata.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyttleton, Oliver; Wright, Alexander; Treanor, Darren; Lewis, Paul

    2011-01-01

    The Tissue Microarray Data Exchange Specification (TMA DES) is an XML specification for encoding TMA experiment data. While TMA DES data is encoded in XML, the files that describe its syntax, structure, and semantics are not. The DTD format is used to describe the syntax and structure of TMA DES, and the ISO 11179 format is used to define the semantics of TMA DES. However, XML Schema can be used in place of DTDs, and another XML encoded format, RDF, can be used in place of ISO 11179. Encoding all TMA DES data and metadata in XML would simplify the development and usage of programs which validate and parse TMA DES data. XML Schema has advantages over DTDs such as support for data types, and a more powerful means of specifying constraints on data values. An advantage of RDF encoded in XML over ISO 11179 is that XML defines rules for encoding data, whereas ISO 11179 does not. We created an XML Schema version of the TMA DES DTD. We wrote a program that converted ISO 11179 definitions to RDF encoded in XML, and used it to convert the TMA DES ISO 11179 definitions to RDF. We validated a sample TMA DES XML file that was supplied with the publication that originally specified TMA DES using our XML Schema. We successfully validated the RDF produced by our ISO 11179 converter with the W3C RDF validation service. All TMA DES data could be encoded using XML, which simplifies its processing. XML Schema allows datatypes and valid value ranges to be specified for CDEs, which enables a wider range of error checking to be performed using XML Schemas than could be performed using DTDs.

  9. APPRENTISSAGE DES LANGUES AUTOUR DES MéDIATIONS ARTISTIQUES (ART-THéRAPIE DE COLORIAGE)

    OpenAIRE

    KONEVA (HAAN) MARINA GENNADIEVNA

    2014-01-01

    L’article est consacré aux problématiques liées à l’acquisition des compétences lexicales à partir des textes littéraires et des œuvres de coloriage de l’art-thérapie. En s’appuyant sur l’analyse psycholinguistique du fonctionnement des émotions dans la production des images mentales des mots, on propose une méthode pédagogique, basée sur la synergie des émotions, sensations et cognition. La méthode peut être utilisée dans le cadre institutionnel (collège, lycée, université), ainsi que pour l...

  10. Vers une meilleure comprehension des savoirs disciplinaires et curriculaires des enseignants ou Ie paradigme retrouve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephane Martineau

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available eet article se veut essentieUement un travail de synthese sous la forme d 'une breve revue de litterature au sujet des savoirs disciplinaires et curriculaires en enseignement. Plus specifiquement, il vise a determiner queUes sont les principales conclusions qui se degagent de la lecture des recherches empiriques sur les savoirs disciplinaires et curriculaires des enseignants des ordres d'enseignement primaire et secondaire. Il propose donc une classification des differentes dimensions constitutives du rapport entre les savoirs disciplinaires et curriculaires et la pratique enseignante. Les resultats mis au jour permettent d 'une part, d'identifier les facteurs qui entrainent des differences dans les connaissances disciplinaires et curriculaires des enseignants et d'autre part, de mieux saisir comment ces connaissances de l'enseignant peuvent influencer en retour sa pratique.

  11. GENOMIQUE ET LIPIDES Génomique et métabolisme des lipides des plantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delseny Michel

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Il existe dans les bases de données publiques une énorme quantité de séquences d’ADN dérivées de plantes, et notamment la séquence complète du génome d’Arabidopsis thaliana, une plante modèle pour les oléagineux, proche parente du colza. Ces données constituent une ressource importante non seulement pour la compréhension de métabolisme lipidique et de sa régulation, mais aussi pour la sélection et le développement de variétés nouvelles d’oléagineux produisant davantage d’huiles ou des huiles de composition nouvelle. Cette abondance de séquences peut être exploitée, en utilisant les recherches d’homologies, pour identifier les gènes, pour obtenir des informations sur leur fonction, comme pour repérer des gènes candidats codant des fonctions nouvelles. L’analyse de ces bases de données a révélé que la majeure partie des gènes codant des enzymes impliquées dans le métabolisme lipidique appartient à des petites familles multigéniques, reflétant la diversification des fonctions des isoformes. Une analyse du catalogue des ADNc séquencés en aveugle reflète les niveaux d’expression des différents gènes et fournit un aperçu des régulations des flux au travers des voies métaboliques conduisant à la biosynthèse des lipides de réserve. La disponibilité de mutants et de lignées transgéniques d’Arabidopsis et le développement de puces à ADN qui permettent l’analyse simultanée de plusieurs milliers de gènes conduiront à une meilleure compréhension des facteurs qui régulent le métabolisme des huiles dans les graines. Une telle connaissance facilitera la manipulation de la composition des huiles et des quantités produites dans les graines.

  12. Catégorisation aspectuelle des concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolak Stanisław

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available (francuski Le contenu de l'article est le problème connu en aspectologie comme celui de la dépendance entre le sens lexical des verbes et l'aspect. Les contraintes qu'imposent les langues à la distribution des grammèmes d'aspect ont fait supposer qu'il existe des règles de leur co-occurrence avec les sémantèmes. Le problème est posé ici dans une perspective conceptuelle. Dans cette perspective, les verbes dont les sémantèmes ont tel ou tel aspect n'exigent pas la co-occurrence avec des grammèmes qui véhiculent le même aspect. En revanche, ils peuvent se combiner avec des grammèmes de sens aspectuel opposé pour dériver des catégories de verbes secondaires à partir des catégories primaires. On postule l'existence d'un mécanisme dérivationnel qui engendre des verbes polyaspectuels.

  13. Supply Chain et Gestion des ressources humaines

    OpenAIRE

    Nondonfaz, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Rappels de quelques exigences de la Supply Chain en matière de gestion des ressources humaines; spécificités de certains métiers : chauffeur, magasinier, acheteur, gestionnaire de stock, gestion des imprévus

  14. internationalisation et nouvelles implantations des firmes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    de disparités culturelles ou dans les pratiques des affaires ou encore dans le .... plus pertinents afin d'expliquer l'évolution du modèle (cas de la distance psychique par ..... Elles constituent plutôt une lecture globale et intégrée des processus.

  15. Study of catalytic phenomena in radiation chemistry; Etude des phenomenes catalytiques en chimie des radiations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dran, J.C. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-01-01

    Two phenomena have been studied: the action of {gamma} rays from radio-cobalt on the adsorption and catalytic properties of ZnO and NiO in. relationship with the heterogeneous oxidation of CO, and the homogeneous catalysis by OsO{sub 4} of the oxidation of various aqueous phase solutes by the same radiation. The prior irradiation of ZnO and of NiO does not modify their catalytic activity but generally increases the adsorption energy of -the gases CO and O{sub 2}. The influence of the radiations appears to be connected with the presence of traces of water on ZnO and of an excess of oxygen on NiO. Osmium tetroxide which is not degraded by irradiation in acid solution, accelerates the radiolytic oxidation of certain compounds (Te{sup IV}, Pt{sup 11}, As{sup 111}) in the presence of oxygen, as a result of its sensitizing effect on the oxidation by H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. In the case of phosphites on the other hand, OsO{sub 4} has a protecting action under certain conditions of acidity and may suppress entirely the chain reaction which characterizes the oxidation of this solute by{gamma} rays. A general mechanism is proposed for these phenomena. The rate constant for the OsO{sub 4} + HO{sub 2} reaction is calculated to be 5.7 x 10{sup 5} l.mol{sup -1}. sec{sup -1}. (author) [French] Deux phenomenes ont ete etudies: l'action des rayons {gamma} du radio-cobalt sur les proprietes adsorptives et catalytiques de ZnO et NiO en relation avec l'oxydation heterogene de CO et la catalyse homogene par OsO{sub 4} de l'oxydation de divers solutes en phase aqueuse par ce meme rayonnement. L'irradiation prealable de ZnO et de NiO n'a pas modifie leur activite catalytique, mais a generalement accru l'energie d'adsorption des gaz CO et O{sub 2}. L'influence des radiations semble liee a la presence de traces d'eau sur ZnO et d'un exces d'oxygene sur NiO. Le tetroxyde d'osmium qui n'est pas altere par le rayonnement en solution

  16. Command control of reactors and factories: general architecture; Controle-commande des reacteurs et des usines: architecture generale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Appell, B.; Guesnier, G. [Electricite de France, 75 - Paris (France). Service Etudes et Projets Thermiques et Nucleaires; Chabert, J. [Cogema, 78 - Velizy-Villacoublay (France)

    1998-07-01

    As any industrial installation, the nuclear power plants and the fuel reprocessing plants require means to survey and to command the physical process and the associated equipment. These means are grouped under the designation of `command-control`. The command control is constituted by captors allowing to transform the physical quantities in electric signals, by automates allowing to treat these signals, by surveillance and control means at operators disposal and finally activators allowing to transform the command electric signals in mechanical actions on the process. The equipment has to answer to specifications imposed by nuclear safety. (N.C.)

  17. La tuberculose des amygdales palatines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oudidi Abdelatif

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION:La localisation tuberculeuse des amygdales palatines est très rare même dans un pays d’endémie tuberculeuse. Le diagnostic peut être suspecté cliniquement dans un contexte évocateur, mais il ne peut être certifié qu’au stade histologique. PATIENTS ET METHODES:Cinq cas de tuberculose des amygdales palatine ont été diagnostiqués sur une période de 5 ans et inclus dans une étude rétrospective. Nous avons recensé trois hommes et deux femmes (âge moyen de 28 ans. La dysphagie haute était le maître symptôme. L’examen a objectivé une hypertrophie amygdalienne chez tous les patients avec des ulcérations chez trois d’entre eux. Une biopsie a été effectuée chez trois patients et une amygdalectomie a été réalisée chez les deux autres. L’étude anatomopathologique a posé le diagnostic chez tous les patients. Un traitement médical antituberculeux selon un régime court allant de 6 à 9 mois a été instauré. Dans tous les cas, l’évolution à long terme a été favorable avec un recul moyen de 13 mois. CONCLUSION: La tuberculose amygdalienne est rare. Son diagnostic repose essentiellement sur le résultat anatomopathologique de la biopsie où de l’amygdalectomie. L’évolution sous traitement anti-bacillaire est souvent favorable, la récidive est exceptionnelle.

  18. Schopenhauer und die Paradoxien des Erhabenen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Arnaud

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2012v11nesp1p145Die Hauptunterscheidung zwischen den Schopenhauerschen und Kantschen Auffassungen des Erhabenen liegt nach diesem Artikel darin, dass der Zuschauer im letzten Fall zu einer nur möglichen Gefahr muss unterworfen werden, während er im Ersten wirklich erschreckt sein muss. Die Haupttriebfeder des Gefühls des Erhabenen ist nämlich bei Schopenhauer der Einsatz des Willens, der also wirklich bedroht werden muss. Daraus folgen einige Paradoxien und Originalitäten der Schopenhauerschen Lehre des Erhabenen, hauptsächlich aus dem ethischen Aussichtspunkt, deren Spuren ich zu folgen versuche.

  19. Improved Mask Protected DES using RSA Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha Latha S.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The data encryption standard is a pioneering and farsighted standard which helped to set a new paradigm for encryption standards. But now DES is considered to be insecure for some application. Asymmetric mask protected DES is an advanced encryption method for effectively protecting the advanced DES. There are still probabilities to improve its security. This paper propose a method, which introduce a RSA key generation scheme in mask protected DES instead of plain key, which result in enhancement in the security of present asymmetric mask protected DES. We further propose a Vedic mathematical method of RSA implementation which reduce the complexity of computation in RSA block thereby resulting in reduced delay (four timesthat improves the performance of overall system. The software implementation was performed using Xilinx 13.2 and Model-Sim was used for the simulation environment.

  20. Des fantômes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sjef Houppermans

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La première pièce de théâtre de Laurent Mauvignier, Tout mon amour, est créée en 2012 par la compagnie Les Possédés. La thématique habituelle de Mauvignier (secrets des familles, solitude, violence sociale s’y retrouve, mais tout en utilisant pleinement les moyens de la scène (distanciation, présence physique, espace théâtral, discours rythmés.

  1. Des vitraux par milliers… Bilan d’un inventaire : le recensement des vitraux anciens de la France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Gatouillat

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Le Recensement des vitraux anciens de la France sera bientôt achevé, conduit dans le cadre du ministère de la Culture depuis 1972 et intégré aux missions de l’Inventaire général depuis 1979. Cet inventaire méthodique et exhaustif est régulièrement publié dans des ouvrages conçus comme des instruments de travail qui visent à apporter au monde de la recherche une documentation précise, critique et présentée avec objectivité, sur toutes les œuvres de ce domaine patrimonial, sans hiérarchie. Ce recensement fait émerger une multiple et inépuisable matière à réflexion, qui alimente des problématiques communes à d’autres disciplines de l’histoire de l’art (usages techniques, questions de la commande artistique, de la diffusion des formes, etc.. Un retour sur la documentation accumulée et sur les travaux qui se sont ajoutés au fil de l’expérience permet d’apprécier l’évolution du champ scientifique que constitue le vitrail, qui a beaucoup gagné en participant d’une vision élargie.Soon will be completed the Recensement des vitraux anciens de la France, France’s general inventory of stained-glass windows from the Middle Ages to the end of the Ancien Régime, which has been carried out since 1972 under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture, in charge since 1979 of the Inventaire général. The results of this methodical and exhaustive inventory are published at regular intervals in works which are designed as tools for research, providing precise critical documentation covering all the works in this particular field of the national heritage, objectively and without hierarchical judgement. The survey work has drawn attention to stained–glass windows as an extremely rich and varied source, informing problematics shared by other disciplines in art history (technical usages, problems relating to artistic patronage, to the diffusion of forms, etc. An overview of the documentation accumulated over the years

  2. Des pauvres de la politique à la politique des pauvres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratiba Hadj-Moussa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available S’attachant aux nouvelles modalités de production du politique issues des études subalternes, l’article situe dans un premier temps ces travaux et, dans un deuxième temps, en fait une présentation en s’appuyant sur les éléments qui y sont privilégiés et qui font le lien entre « les pauvres et la production du politique ». Cette présentation s’appuie essentiellement sur les travaux portant sur les pays du Sud, en particulier l’Inde et quelques pays du Moyen Orient (l’Égypte et l’Iran. Elle réfère aussi au Maghreb qui est le terrain principal de l’analyse. La présentation tient compte en particulier des travaux qui s’appuient sur des recherches empiriques substantielles mais dont la portée théorique est très peu discutée. Enfin, si le renvoi aux études subalternes ou postcoloniales est dans ce texte non négligeable, il est aussi fait recours à des travaux produits dans des contextes pluralistes, comme la France.Poor Policy to the Policy of the PoorThis article has its origins in the new methods of production of policy based on subaltern studies. Firstly, it will locate these studies and then it will present its main arguments as well as the relationship between “the poor and policy production”. This presentation is based essentially on the works on countries of the south, particularly India, and few other countries from the Middle East (Egypt and Iran. It also refers to North Africa, which is the major fieldwork of this analysis. This presentation takes into account the works that rely upon substantial empirical research but for which the theoretical range is very little. Finally, if the referral to subaltern or postcolonial studies is significant in this article, it also refers to works produced in pluralistic contexts such as France.De los pobres de la política a la política de los pobresBasándose en estudios subalternos, el artículo se sitúa dentro del marco de los nuevos modos de producci

  3. Analysing how negative emotions emerge and are addressed in veterinary consultations, using the Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences (VR-CoDES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijfhuizen, Malou; Bok, Harold; Matthew, Susan M; Del Piccolo, Lidia; McArthur, Michelle

    2017-04-01

    To explore the applicability, need for modifications and reliability of the VR-CoDES in a veterinary setting while also gaining a deeper understanding of clients' expressions of negative emotion and how they are addressed by veterinarians. The Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences for client cues and concerns (VR-CoDES-CC) and health provider responses (VR-CoDES-P) were used to analyse 20 audiotaped veterinary consultations. Inter-rater reliability was established. The applicability of definitions of the VR-CoDES was identified, together with the need for specific modifications to suit veterinary consultations. The VR-CoDES-CC and VR-CoDES-P generally applied to veterinary consultations. Cue and concern reliability was found satisfactory for most types of cues, but not for concerns. Response reliability was satisfactory for explicitness, and for providing and reducing space for further disclosure. Modifications to the original coding system were necessary to accurately reflect the veterinary context and included minor additions to the VR-CoDES-CC. Using minor additions to the VR-CoDES including guilt, reassurance and cost discussions it can be reliably adopted to assess clients' implicit expressions of negative emotion and veterinarians' responses. The modified VR-CoDES could be of great value when combined with existing frameworks used for teaching and researching veterinary communication. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. America's First Carl Sagan: Ormsby MacKnight Mitchel, Pre-Civil War Astronomer and Lecturer on the Cosmos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterbrock, D. E.

    2002-12-01

    In the years before television, videos, radio. movies, or even loudspeakers, Ormsby MacKnight Mitchel (1809-1862) was the best-known popularizer of astronomy and the scientific study of the universe in nineteenth-century America. Each winter he traveled the country by railroad, steamer, and stagecoach, speaking to large paying crowds in principal cities from Boston, New York, and Philadelphia through Cincinnati to New Orleans on the cosmos and our place in it, with special attention to possible inhabitants of planers orbiting other stars. Mitchel had much the same attraction as Sagan did in our time, and awakened many people's interest in astronomy through the human angle, as Carl did. His argument was simple, and according to Frank Triplett goes back thousands of years: other stars are suns, our sun has planets with people on one of them, why should not other stars also have populated planets? But first Mitchel, like Sagan, always explained clearly the discoveries of astronomy that fleshed out this argument with facts. He emphasized the ``clockwork universe", governed by gravity, that Newton, Herschel, and Laplace had investigated and found to be stable. There were many other similarities between these two great popularizers. Mitchel's base was the Cincinnati Observatory, which he had founded, raising the funds for it himself in small contributions from hundreds of ``members", which he publicised as far more democratic than support from European kings and lords. He went abroad to get a telescope, and finally found his ``Great [12-inch] Refractor" in Munich, with help from John Quincy Adams, Astronomer Royal George Biddle Airy, and Paris Observatory Director Fracois Arago, in spite of a rebuff by President John Tyler. These episodes have similarities in Sagan's lobbying NASA for close-up images of Mars. Views of other American professional astronomers on life on other worlds will also be described briefly, from Denison Olmsted, Elias Loomis, Charles A. Young (who

  5. 避孕药之父:卡尔·杰拉西%The father of Pill:Carl Djerassi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴吾三

    2015-01-01

    卡尔•杰拉西(1923—2015),著名科学家、作家,对研发口服避孕药作出重要贡献。1923年10月29日生于维也纳,1939年12月随母移居美国。先后就读于多所学校,1945年在威斯康星大学获有机化学博士学位。1949年入墨西哥的辛泰克斯公司任研究副主管,他和团队成功研制出第一种合成类固醇口服避孕药。1968年在斯坦福大学工业园创建佐伊肯公司,研究昆虫控制方法。杰拉西一生获奖无数,包括美国国家科学奖(1973年,避孕药方面的贡献);美国国家技术奖(1991年,昆虫控制方面的贡献)等。晚年进行文学创作,出版了5部小说,3部剧本。%Carl Djerassi (1923—2015), renowned scientist, writer, best known for his contribution to the development of oral contraceptive pills. He was born in Vienna in October 29, 1923, arrived with his mother in the United States in December 1939, studied at several schools, and earned his Ph. D. at the University of Wisconsin in organic chemistry in 1945. In 1949 Djerassi became associate director of research at Syntex in Mexico City, his team later synthesized norethindrone that became part of one of thefirst successful combined oral contraceptive pills. In 1968, he created Zoecon company and studied on insect control method at industrial park of Stanford University. Djerassi won numerousawards during his career including: the National Medal of Science (1973) for his work on the contraceptive pill; the National Medal of Technology (1991) for his initiatives in developing novel, practical approaches to insect control products that are biodegradable and harmless. In his later years, Djerassi devoted himself to literary creation, publishedfive novels and three plays.

  6. Évaluation des émissions de gaz à effet de serre des filières de traitement et de valorisation des boues issues du traitement des eaux usées

    OpenAIRE

    Reverdy, A.L.; Pradel, M.

    2011-01-01

    / Ce rapport présente l'inventaire des différentes consommations énergétiques, en consommables et des GES pour chaque poste de traitement et de valorisation des boues issues du traitement des eaux usées.

  7. Distribution spatiale intra-urbaine des particules fines : monitoring ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 sept. 2014 ... Intra-urban spatial distribution of particulate matter: monitoring by leaf Saturation Isothermal Remanent ... les changements microclimatiques au sein des villes ... déterminer l'impact des saisons sur la teneur des ... Ce District jouit d'un climat de type ... Sélection et description des espèces : Un inventaire.

  8. Performances de production des cobayes (Cavia porcellus L.) en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Au Cameroun, l'élevage des cobayes se pratique encore dans les cuisines et à même le sol et leur ..... Figure 1 : Evolution des poids des mères allaitantes de la naissance au sevrage des petits. .... lecture critique du manuscrit ; EM a participé.

  9. PROBLEMATIQUES GENERALES La libéralisation de la filière cacaoyère ivoirienne et les recompositions du marché mondial du cacao : vers la fin des « pays producteurs » et du marché international ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Losch Bruno

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available La Côte d’Ivoire occupe une place privilégiée dans le monde du cacao puisqu’elle a conquis le premier rang mondial sur le Ghana en 1977. Ce leadership s’est surtout accompagné d’une croissance exceptionnelle de la production qui atteint entre 40 et 45 % de l’offre mondiale depuis le milieu de la décennie 90 (de l’ordre de 1,2 million de tonnes et presque 50 % des échanges. Cette situation assez exceptionnelle parmi les marchés des soft commodities explique que la Côte d’Ivoire soit l’objet d’une grande attention de la part des différents acteurs du marché. Ainsi le processus de libéralisation de la filière cacao au cours des années 90 et le démantèlement de la toute puissante caisse de stabilisation (la CSSPPA, appelée couramment la « Caisse » ou « Caistab » en 1999, tout comme la volonté du gouvernement ivoirien de remettre en place aujourd’hui (juillet 2001 un mécanisme de stabilisation sont à l’origine d’abondants commentaires de la presse spécialisée et d’autant de réactions des différents protagonistes du monde du cacao. Ces changements ont eu en effet, ou auront, d’importantes conséquences sur les conditions d’écoulement de la production, sur les conditions de l’accès à l’offre ivoirienne ainsi que sur la dynamique du marché international et l’évolution des prix. Simultanément, la place et le poids du secteur cacaoyer dans l’économie politique ivoirienne (à la fois dans les grands agrégats économiques et dans les positions de pouvoir des intérêts privés locaux en ont fait un enjeu central des recompositions économiques et politiques de la dernière décennie. La grave crise politique de l’année 2000, qui a fait suite au premier coup d’État de l’histoire du pays (décembre 1999, n’est pas sans liens avec la libéralisation imposée de l’extérieur par les bailleurs de fonds multilatéraux [1, 2]. Et l’évolution de la filière cacao reste aujourd

  10. Isomers chart; Table des isomeres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dupont-Gautier, P.; Chantelot, S.; Moisson, N. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-07-01

    The nuclear isomers are nuclides offering the same mass number and the same atomic number, but different energy levels. In the following chart the zero energy ground states are omitted and the metastable isomers, i.e. of non-zero energy, known and of measurable lifetime, are listed. The lower limit of this lifetime was set here to 0.1 x 10{sup -6} s. The various isomers were classified in increasing lifetimes. (authors) [French] Les isomeres nucleaires sont des nucleides presentant le meme nombre de masse et le meme numero atomique, mais des niveaux energetiques differents. Dans la table suivante, on a neglige les etats fondamentaux d'energie nulle et on a recense les isomeres metastables, c'est-a-dire d'energie non nulle, connus et de periode mesurable. La limite inferieure de cette periode a ete fixee ici a 0,1 x 10{sup -6} s. Les differents isomeres ont ete classes par periodes croissantes. (auteurs)

  11. Isomers chart; Table des isomeres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dupont-Gautier, P.; Chantelot, S.; Moisson, N. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-07-01

    The nuclear isomers are nuclides offering the same mass number and the same atomic number, but different energy levels. In the following chart the zero energy ground states are omitted and the metastable isomers, i.e. of non-zero energy, known and of measurable lifetime, are listed. The lower limit of this lifetime was set here to 0.1 x 10{sup -6} s. The various isomers were classified in increasing lifetimes. (authors) [French] Les isomeres nucleaires sont des nucleides presentant le meme nombre de masse et le meme numero atomique, mais des niveaux energetiques differents. Dans la table suivante, on a neglige les etats fondamentaux d'energie nulle et on a recense les isomeres metastables, c'est-a-dire d'energie non nulle, connus et de periode mesurable. La limite inferieure de cette periode a ete fixee ici a 0,1 x 10{sup -6} s. Les differents isomeres ont ete classes par periodes croissantes. (auteurs)

  12. Optimization of fuel cycles: marginal loss values; Optimisation des cycles de combustibles: valeurs marginales des pertes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaussens, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 75 - Paris (France); Lasteyrie, B. de; Doumerc, J. [Compagnie pour l' Etude et la Realisation de Combustibles Atomiques, 75 - Paris (France)

    1965-07-01

    'uranium doit etre consideree comme definitivement perdue, alors que le reste pourrait etre recupere et recycle. Le cout eleve des pertes, recyclees ou non, d'autant plus eleve que l'uranium est plus enrichi, exige qu'il en soit tenu compte dans l'optimisation generale des cycles de combustible. Il importe donc de determiner leur niveau le plus souhaitable economiquement, aux diverses etapes d'elaboration du combustible nucleaire. Mais en France et dans d'autres pays, la production de matieres fissiles est geree par l'Etat, tandis que la fabrication de l'element combustible est effectuee par l'industrie privee. Les criteres d'optimisation et l'interet economique accorde aux pertes sont donc differents pour les deux parties de la chaine de fabrication. Pour tenter neanmoins d'atteindre un optimum conforme a l'interet collectif sans intervenir dans la politique de prix de l'entreprise, on peut utiliser la propriete des couts marginaux d'etre egaux entre eux a l'optimum, pour un volume de production donne. On peut donc ajuster le niveau des pertes pour realiser cette egalite des couts marginaux dont le calcul est plus facile a obtenir de la firme que la justification des prix eux-memes. On s'apercoit d'ailleurs que, bien qu'axee essentiellement sur les pertes, cette analyse globale peut conduire a une meilleure utilisation d'autres facteurs de production. On donne un expose theorique et des exemples pratiques de cette methode d'optimisation economique dans le cadre de la fabrication d'elements combustibles destines a des reacteurs du type: uranium naturel, moderes au graphite et refroidis par le gaz carbonique. (auteurs)

  13. A Study of the Geographic Origin, Education, and Experience of Hotel General Managers. RHI 590 Individual Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    Hospitality Degrees, and Professional Food & Beverage Experience, by Hotel Rating 5 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank Dr. Eddystone Nebel for the...have been accomplished without him. Special thanks are also extended to Dr. Howard Adler and Professor Carl Braunlich for their advice and comments...witnessed many studies about general managers (GMs) of hotels within the hospitality industry (Arnaldo, 1981; Koureas, 1985; Nebel , 1991; Shortt, 1989

  14. Etude des effets du martelage repetitif sur les contraintes residuelles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacini, Lyes

    L'assemblage par soudage peut engendrer des contraintes residuelles. Ces contraintes provoquent des fissurations prematurees et un raccourcissement de la duree de vie des composants. Dans ce contexte, le martelage robotise est utilise pour relaxer ces contraintes residuelles. Trois volets sont presentes: le premier est l'evaluation des effets des impacts unitaires repetes sur le champ de contraintes developpe dans des plaques d'acier inoxydable austenitique 304L vierges ou contenant des contraintes residuelles initiales. Dans la deuxieme partie de ce projet, le martelage est applique grace au robot SCOMPI. Les contraintes residuelles induites et relaxees par martelage sont ensuite mesurees par la methode des contours, qui a ete adaptee a cet effet. Dans la troisieme partie, le martelage est modelise par la methode des elements finis. Un modele axisymetrique developpe grace au logiciel ANSYS permet de simuler des impacts repetes d'un marteau elastique sur une plaque ayant un comportement elastoplastique.

  15. Carl Sagan's Cosmic Connection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagan, Carl; Agel, Jerome

    2000-08-01

    Foreword Freeman Dyson; Personal reflections Ann Druyan; Preface; Part I. Cosmic Perspective: 1. A transitional animal; 2. The Unicorn of Cetus; 3. A message from earth; 4. A message to earth; 5. Experiments in utopias; 6. Chauvinism; 7. Space exploration as a human enterprise I. The scientific interest; 8. Space exploration as a human enterprise II. The public interest; 9. Space exploration as a human enterprise III. The historical interest; Part II. The Solar System: 10. On teaching the first grade; 11. 'The ancient and legendary Gods of old'; 12. The Venus detective story; 13. Venus is hell; 14. Science and 'intelligence'; 15. The moons of Barsoom; 16. The mountains of Mars I. Observations from earth; 17. The mountains of Mars II. Observations from space; 18. The canals of Mars; 19. The lost pictures of Mars; 20. The Ice Age and the cauldron; 21. Beginnings and ends of the Earth; 22. Terraforming the plants; 23. The exploration and utlization of the solar system; Part III. Beyond the Solar System: 24. Some of my best friends are dolphins; 25. 'Hello, central casting? Send me twenty extraterrestrials'; 26. The cosmic connection; 27. Extraterrestrial life: an idea whose time has come; 28. Has the Earth been visited?; 29. A search strategy for detecting extraterrestrial intelligence; 30. If we succeed 31. Cables, drums, and seashells; 32. The night freight to the stars; 33. Astroengineering; 34. Twenty questions: a classification of cosmic civilisations; 35. Galactic cultural exchanges; 36. A passage to elsewhere; 37. Starfolk I. A Fable; 38. Starfolk II. A future; 39. Starfolk III. The cosmic Cheshire cats; Epilog David Morrison; Index.

  16. Carl Ottos forbryderhoveder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Anja Skaar

    2004-01-01

    Frenologiens fremkomst i Danmark i første halvdel af 1800-tallet er en spændende og ikke mindst underholdende historie, fordi den involverer mange fremtrædende personer i datidens medicinske og videnskabelige kredse samt i det københavnske samfund mere generelt. Diskussionerne omkring denne ”vide...

  17. À l’aube des dieux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Semonsut

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available De l’avis même des préhistoriens, la Préhistoire assiste à la naissance du sentiment religieux. Cette religion des origines, quelle image en ont les Français ? Telle est la question que cet article aborde à partir de l’étude des manuels scolaires et des œuvres de fiction (littérature, cinéma et bande dessinée de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle. Si l’enseignement et la fiction n’accordent pas la même place à ce thème, en revanche tous deux font des préhistoriques des polythéistes adorant le soleil, construisant des mégalithes et prenant le plus grand soin de leurs morts. Ce mélange d’obscurantisme et de vraie spiritualité n’a qu’un but : montrer que notre espèce ne pouvait être que victorieuse dans ce combat qu’est l’humanisation.

  18. CERN is guest of honour at the 35th Salon des Inventions

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    In April 2007 Geneva hosted the 35th Salon des Inventions at which CERN was the guest of honour. CERN Director-General, Robert Aymar, is seen touring the exhibition with dignitaries. Various stalls and displays were set up to showcase some of the work developed at CERN over the past few years.

  19. 75 caracteristiques et evolution des operations de fusions ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nous décrivons dans un premier temps l'évolution de l'économie tunisienne et ..... grossistes, a réalisé en 2004 près de 88 % du chiffre d'affaires des transactions .... d'actions reste une opération soumise au droit commun des contrats et au droit des ..... tairement des opérations horizontales mettant en relation des entrepri-.

  20. L'espace mondial des grandes manifestations sportives internationales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel MATHIEU

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available La carte des grandes manifestations sportives mondiales montre une forte concentration des épreuves dans un petit nombre de pays développés, en particulier l'Europe occidentale. L'examen des nations concernées par les tournois majeurs du tennis et par le cyclisme professionnel soulignent, avec les nuances propres à chacun des sports, l'étroitesse des espaces intéressés.

  1. De la manipulation des images 3D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geneviève Pinçon

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Si les technologies 3D livrent un enregistrement précis et pertinent des graphismes pariétaux, elles offrent également des applications particulièrement intéressantes pour leur analyse. À travers des traitements sur nuage de points et des simulations, elles autorisent un large éventail de manipulations touchant autant à l’observation qu’à l’étude des œuvres pariétales. Elles permettent notamment une perception affinée de leur volumétrie, et deviennent des outils de comparaison de formes très utiles dans la reconstruction des chronologies pariétales et dans l’appréhension des analogies entre différents sites. Ces outils analytiques sont ici illustrés par les travaux originaux menés sur les sculptures pariétales des abris du Roc-aux-Sorciers (Angles-sur-l’Anglin, Vienne et de la Chaire-à-Calvin (Mouthiers-sur-Boëme, Charente.If 3D technologies allow an accurate and relevant recording of rock art, they also offer several interesting applications for its analysis. Through spots clouds treatments and simulations, they permit a wide range of manipulations concerning figurations observation and study. Especially, they allow a fine perception of their volumetry. They become efficient tools for forms comparisons, very useful in the reconstruction of graphic ensemble chronologies and for inter-sites analogies. These analytical tools are illustrated by the original works done on the sculptures of Roc-aux-Sorciers (Angles-sur-l’Anglin, Vienne and Chaire-à-Calvin (Mouthiers-sur-Boëme, Charente rock-shelters.

  2. Mécanique des fluides fondamentale

    CERN Document Server

    Zeytounian, Radyadour K

    1991-01-01

    Ce cours de mecanique des fluides est avant tout un cours theorique qui repond aux questions fondamentales de ce sujet de recherche. Les quatre premiers chapitres presentent les equations propres a determiner l'ecoulement de fluide considere et diverses solutions. Les chapitres 5 et 6sont consacres aux problemes lies la stabilite, aux bifurcations et aux comportements chaotiques. Le livre donne un vision globale des questions traitees en mecanique des fluides qui sont a la base de toute la recherche, de la modelisation et de toutes les applications dans ce domaine.

  3. Écriture scientifique et évolution des croyances, des connaissances ou des conceptions des enseignants en reprise d’étude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delarue-Breton Catherine

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Si l’on s’accorde assez unanimement – c’est à dire aux plans simultanément scientifique et institutionnel – à reconnaitre que l’initiation à la recherche est devenue nécessaire dans la formation des enseignants, les modalités de cette initiation, ses visées et ses effets font cependant peu l’objet, encore, d’un consensus, et dans certains cas, divisent. Nous avons pu étudier à diverses reprises, à partir de différentes versions des mémoires, le rôle de l’écriture scientifique dans l’appropriation des concepts théoriques par les étudiants de master MEEF (Métiers de l’Enseignement, de l’Éducation, de la Formation en formation initiale, autrement dit par les étudiants issus de licence, se destinant au métier de professeur des écoles. Nous avons ainsi pu mettre au jour d’une part la diversité de ces modes d’appropriation conceptuelle, et, en corrélation avec celle-ci, la diversité des modes d’analyse des situations scolaires, et d’autre part des formes d’évolution ou de stagnation des croyances, connaissances, conceptions de ces futurs enseignants sur le métier, sur les élèves, sur les disciplines, sur l’apprentissage. Notre propos est ici de nous poser des questions comparables, concernant le rapport entre appropriation théorique et évolution des conceptions non pas d’enseignants en formation initiale, mais d’enseignants titulaires en reprise d’étude, parfois eux-mêmes formateurs, inscrits en master MEEF avec validation des acquis. Nous questionnons ainsi le rôle de la recherche et de l’écriture scientifique dans la formation continue des enseignants.

  4. MESURE DE LA PERFORMANCE GLOBALE DES ENTREPRISES

    OpenAIRE

    Renaud, Angèle; Berland, Nicolas

    2007-01-01

    International audience; L'engagement des entreprises dans le développement durable consiste à conjuguer performance et responsabilité. La performance financière ne suffit plus à apprécier la performance d'une entreprise. Dès lors, les entreprises doivent mesurer leurs progrès à partir d'une performance plus globale incluant, en dehors de la dimension économique, des dimensions sociale et environnementale. A présent, comment mesurer cette performance globale ? Existe-il des outils de mesure gl...

  5. A l'écoute des professionnels

    CERN Document Server

    Lebre-Peytard, Monique

    1994-01-01

    Cet ouvrage s'adresse aux étudiants de niveau moyen ou avancé en français. Il propose un travail d'écoute, de réflexion et d'expression autour d'interview authentiques. Des professionnels parlent de leur métier, des entreprises où ils travaillent, des fonctions qu'ils occupent... Ils appartiennent à divers secteurs de l'économie : banque, mode, tourisme, agriculture, télécommunications, etc.

  6. Contrôle des Circuits Auxiliaires des PFW (arrêt machines 2002/2003)

    CERN Document Server

    Ottaviani, J

    2003-01-01

    Les PFW sont des nappes polaires installées sur les pôles des aimants du PS. Elles sont au nombre de 4 par unité d aimant et constituées d un circuit principal (dans lequel circule le courant désiré selon le cycle magnétique utilisé) et de circuits auxiliaires. Les circuits auxiliaires sont des enroulements de correction (boucles de tour et pick-up brasés sur les enroulements). Pendant la variation du champ magnétique de l aimant PS, on utilise des tensions induites dans ces circuits auxiliaires pour corriger les erreurs de champ dues aux courants de Foucault dans la chambre à vide. Chaque année, pendant l arrêt machine, on vérifie si les caractéristiques des circuits auxiliaires correspondent aux normes (mesures des résistances des boucles de tours, résistances entre pick-up et isolation des circuits) afin de faire un suivi. Les 404 PFW sont ainsi vérifiées. Dans cette note, on ne relèvera que les PFW ayant des défauts (valeurs hors tolérances, boucles ouvertes ou en court-circuit, déf...

  7. Exploitation des connaissances issues des processus de retour d'expérience industriels

    OpenAIRE

    Jabrouni, Hicham

    2012-01-01

    Depuis plusieurs années, dans le secteur industriel, l’amélioration continue constitue un aspect important de la famille de normes ISO 9000 maintenue par l’organisation ISO (International Organization for Standardization). Elle se concentre sur l’amélioration de la satisfaction du client en passant par des améliorations continues et incrémentales des produits, des services et des processus. Afin de répondre à ces exigences, un point clé consiste à optimiser le processus de résolution de probl...

  8. Des changements concevables pour le secteur des transports dans l'objectif "Facteur 4"

    OpenAIRE

    Raux, Charles

    2007-01-01

    Au niveau mondial, les transports consomment 20% de l'énergie, dont 80% dans les transports routiers et 10% dans les transports aériens, et 95% de cette énergie est à base de pétrole. Le secteur des transports est l'un des principaux émetteurs de gaz à effet de serre dans la plupart des pays, et notamment du CO2 issu de la combustion des carburants fossiles. Pour que les transports contribuent significativement à l'objectif du « Facteur 4 » en 2050, trois pistes différentes mais complémentair...

  9. Typologie des investisseurs institutionnels et performance des firmes dans le contexte français

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Michel SAHUT; Othmani Gharbi, Hidaya

    2011-01-01

    L’objet de cet article est d’analyser la relation entre les investisseurs institutionnels et la performance financière des firmes. Dans ce contexte, nous proposons une nouvelle typologie fondée sur la variété des comportements des institutionnels (passifs ou engagés (actifs)) vis-à-vis de la gestion et du gouvernement des firmes qu’ils détiennent en portefeuille, et identifions les principaux facteurs pouvant influencer ces comportements. Nos résultats corroborent, en général, un impact posit...

  10. Etude structurale des sites de nodulation et induction des nodules caulinaires chez Sesbania pubescens

    OpenAIRE

    TOMEKPE, Kodjo; Traore, A S; Ndiaye, S.; Spencer-Barreto, M.M.; Détrez, C.

    1992-01-01

    #Sesbania pubescens$ est une légumineuse annuelle voisine de #Sesbania rostrata$ qui se rencontre généralement sur les sols temporairement inondés de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. Des sites de nodulation préformes ont été mis en évidence sur sa tige et ses branches. Ces sites prennent naissance à l'aisselle des cotylédons et des feuilles. Comme chez la plupart des légumineuses à nodules de tige, les sites de nodulation caulinaire de #S. pubescens$ se développent en racines lorsque les tiges sont imme...

  11. Molekularbiologische Untersuchungen des Leitgewebes und der Stressphysiologie des Breitwegerichs (Plantago major L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Pommerrenig, Benjamin

    2008-01-01

    Die Leitbündel Höherer Pflanzen stellen die wesentlichen Gewebe zur Verteilung von Assimilaten, zum Transport von Wasser und zur Übermittlung von Informationen innerhalb und zwischen den einzelnen pflanzlichen Organen dar. Die Zellen des vaskulären Gewebes unterscheiden sich von denen des Mesophylls nicht nur in ihrer Gestalt und Funktion, sondern vor allem in ihrer Genexpression. In dieser Arbeit wurde zur Untersuchung des vaskulären Transkriptoms des Breitwege-richs (Plantago major) eine cD...

  12. Les lexiques des jeunes dans les discours écrits des blogs : pour une approche descriptive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenz Paulina

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available S’il ne faut pas confondre ce qui est appelé communément « langage SMS » et « langage des jeunes », nous avancerons toutefois que les pratiques langagières écrites des jeunes sur les supports modernes de communication, et notamment dans les blogs, présentent des particularités encore peu étudiées. Les traits observables les plus saillants sont ceux de la morphologie graphique, mais il n’en reste pas moins que certains jeunes utilisent des lexiques particuliers dans les blogs qui méritent une attention particulière. Nous nous proposons donc d’étudier les différents lexiques utilisés par des jeunes de 12 à 22 ans dans les blogs de la plateforme skyrock.com aux niveaux de sa diversité, de ses usages sémantiques variable d’un scripteur à l’autre pour un même mot, et de ses particularités morphosyntaxiques. En effet, nous observerons des lexiques divers allant des lexiques perçus comme relevant des cités à des lexiques perçus comme étant « branchés-jeunes », ou encore à des lexiques propres aux supports modernes de communication. Ainsi, nous analyserons des lexiques variés dans leurs usages écrits tels que bolos, bédave, gérer, ouf, tigen, ou encore des lexiques empruntés tels que mouv, full, etc., ainsi que des emplois particuliers de séquences autonomes comme lol. Quelques questions périphériques complèteront notre analyse telle que celles qui concerne l’influence des usages lexicaux entre pairs et le savoir partagé, la distinction de différentes communautés en fonction des lexiques utilisés, ou encore la variabilité des représentations graphiques d’un même mot.

  13. Public debate on the general options relative to the management of high-medium activity and long-lived radioactive wastes; Debat public sur les options generales en matiere de gestion des dechets radioactifs de haute activite et de moyenne activite a vie longue

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-09-15

    The law from December 30, 1991, precisely defines 3 axes of researches for the management of high level and long-lived radioactive wastes: separation/transmutation, surface storage and underground disposal. A global evaluation report about these researches is to be supplied in 2006 by the French government to the Parliament. A first synthesis of the knowledge gained after 14 years of research has led the national commission of the public debate (CNDP) to organize a national debate about the general options of management of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes before the 2006 date line. This document presents the organizational aspects of the debate: origin, organization committee (mission, members, commitments), framework (the December 31, 1991 law, technical enlargement, society aspects), topics (summary of the debate in ten questions), organization modalities (4 main steps, schedule, venues), objectives and perspectives (sharing information, decision making processes to be implemented by 2006). (J.S.)

  14. Status of the public debate on the general options of management of high and intermediate activity and long-lived radioactive wastes; Bilan du debat public sur les options generales en matiere de gestion des dechets radioactifs de haute activite et de moyenne activite a vie longue

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-01-15

    The law from December 30, 1991, precisely defines 3 axes of researches for the management of high level and long-lived radioactive wastes: separation/transmutation, surface storage and underground disposal. A global evaluation report about these researches is to be supplied in 2006 by the French government to the Parliament. A first synthesis of the knowledge gained after 14 years of research has led the national commission of the public debate (CNDP) to organize a national debate about the general options of management of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes before the 2006 date line. The debate comprised 4 public hearings (September 2005: Bar-le-Duc, Saint-Dizier, Pont-du-Gard, Cherbourg), 12 round-tables (October and November 2005: Paris, Joinville, Caen, Nancy, Marseille), a synthesis meeting (December 2005, Dunkerque) and a closing meeting (January 2006, Lyon). This document is a status of the general organisation and progress of the debate from its preparing to its end in mid-January 2006. It shows the challenges the CNDP had to take up to treat the scientifical and technical questions in an accessible way, allowing the participation and the hearing of the large public. A status is made of the deception and satisfaction of the public. A lack of confidence in public authorities and scientists has been expressed several times. No pro-nuclear/anti-nuclear shock has occurred and the debate has revealed a remarkable richness in its content. One contribution of the debate to the future project of law is its enlargement to the overall nuclear wastes and valorizable materials and not only to the high/intermediate-level and long-lived wastes. (J.S.)

  15. Fictitious domain methods for elliptic problems with general boundary conditions with an application to the numerical simulation of two phase flows; Methodes de domaine fictif pour des problemes elliptiques avec conditions aux limites generales en vue de la simulation numerique d'ecoulements diphasiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramiere, I

    2006-09-15

    This work is dedicated to the introduction of two original fictitious domain methods for the resolution of elliptic problems (mainly convection-diffusion problems) with general and eventually mixed boundary conditions: Dirichlet, Robin or Neumann. The originality lies in the approximation of the immersed boundary by an approximate interface derived from the fictitious domain Cartesian mesh, which is generally not boundary-fitted to the physical domain. The same generic numerical scheme is used to impose the embedded boundary conditions. Hence, these methods require neither a surface mesh of the immersed boundary nor the local modification of the numerical scheme. We study two modelling of the immersed boundary. In the first one, called spread interface, the approximate immersed boundary is the union of the cells crossed by the physical immersed boundary. In the second one, called thin interface, the approximate immersed boundary lies on sides of mesh cells. Additional algebraic transmission conditions linking both flux and solution jumps through the thin approximate interface are introduced. The fictitious problem to solve as well as the treatment of the embedded boundary conditions are detailed for the two methods. A Q1 finite element scheme is implemented for the numerical validation of the spread interface approach while a new cell-centered finite volume scheme is derived for the thin interface approach with immersed jumps. Each method is then combined to multilevel local mesh refinement algorithms (with solution or flux residual) to increase the precision of the solution in the vicinity of the immersed interface. A convergence analysis of a Q1 finite element method with non-boundary fitted meshes is also presented. This study proves the convergence rates of the present methods. Among the various industrial applications, the simulation on a model of heat exchanger in french nuclear power plants enables us to appreciate the performances of the fictitious domain

  16. Proceedings of the public debate on the general options of management of high and intermediate activity and long-lived radioactive wastes; Compte-rendu du debat public sur les options generales en matiere de gestion des dechets radioactifs de haute activite et de moyenne activite a vie longue

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-01-15

    The law from December 30, 1991, precisely defines 3 axes of researches for the management of high level and long-lived radioactive wastes: separation/transmutation, surface storage and underground disposal. A global evaluation report about these researches is to be supplied in 2006 by the French government to the Parliament. A first synthesis of the knowledge gained after 14 years of research has led the national commission of the public debate (CNDP) to organize a national debate about the general options of management of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes before the 2006 date line. The debate comprised 4 public hearings (September 2005: Bar-le-Duc, Saint-Dizier, Pont-du-Gard, Cherbourg), 12 round-tables (October and November 2005: Paris, Joinville, Caen, Nancy, Marseille), a synthesis meeting (December 2005, Dunkerque) and a closing meeting (January 2006, Lyon). This document is a summary of the main questions tackled during this debate from its preparation to its closing meeting and dealing with: the acceptation of the debate, the progress of the debate, the socio-technical problem of gathering the different points to be debated with respect to the different areas in concern, the general questions about the overall nuclear wastes and materials (radioactivity, health, radioprotection, management, reprocessing, control, actors organization, knowledge sharing, perenniality of the financing), the specific questions about long-lived wastes (inventory, separation-transmutation feasibility, nuclear energy and energy policy, management solutions, storage and geologic disposal feasibility, impact of debates on the 2006 law, long-lived waste territories), the conclusions for the 2006 law: mastering the overall nuclear wastes and materials and step-by-step building up of a solution for long-lived wastes (difficulties, lessons learnt from foreign experience, first draft of the 2006 law). Some opinions expressed by some participants about these proposals conclude

  17. Study of the long-term values and prices of plutonium; a simplified parametrized model; Etude des valeurs et des prix du plutonium a long terme; un modele parametre simplifie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaussens, J.; Paillot, H. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-07-01

    The authors define the notions of use values and price of plutonium. They give a 'simplified parametrized model' simulating the equilibrium of the offer and the demand in time, concerning the plutonium and the price deriving from the relative scarcity of this metal, taking into account the technical and economic operating parameters of the various reactors confronted. This model is simple enough to allow direct computations and establish clear relations between the various parameters. The use of the linear programmes method allows on the other hand a wide extension of the model. This report includes three main parts: I - General description of the study (without detailed calculations) II - Mathematical development of the simplified parametrized model and application (the basic data and the results of the calculations are given) III - Appendices (giving the detailed computations of part II). (authors) [French] Les auteurs definissent les notions de valeurs d'usage et de prix du plutonium. Ils donnent un 'modele parametre simplifie' simulant l'equilibre de l'office et de la demande dans le temps concernant le plutonium et le prix qui decoule de la rarete relative de ce metal, compte tenu des parametres techniques et economiques de fonctionnement des divers reacteurs en presence. Ce modele est suffisamment simple pour permettre des calculs manuels et etablir des liaisons claires entre les divers parametres. L'utilisation de la technique des programmes lineaires permet par ailleurs une extension considerable du modele. Cette note comprend trois parties: I - Expose general de l'etude (sans expose du detail des calculs) II - Developpement mathematique du modele parametre simplifie et application (on precise les donnees de base et le resultat des calculs) III - Annexes (donnant le detail des calculs de la partie II). (auteurs)

  18. Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baron, M D; Diallo, A; Lancelot, R; Libeau, G

    2016-01-01

    Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) causes a severe contagious disease of sheep and goats and has spread extensively through the developing world. Because of its disproportionately large impact on the livelihoods of low-income livestock keepers, and the availability of effective vaccines and good diagnostics, the virus is being targeted for global control and eventual eradication. In this review we examine the origin of the virus and its current distribution, and the factors that have led international organizations to conclude that it is eradicable. We also review recent progress in the molecular and cellular biology of the virus and consider areas where further research is required to support the efforts being made by national, regional, and international bodies to tackle this growing threat. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Utilisation des mousses et des pâtes syntactiques pour combler les lacunes des poteries archéologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Bechoux

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Filling potteries missing parts with plaster raises now complex problems during the de-restoration treatments. Ceramics restorers have recurrently questions on the use of plaster in the field of archaeological ceramics restoration. Some researches point to the choice of other filling materials. At the present time other methods can be devised by proposing plaster replacement by a lightened composite material: syntactic foams and pastes.Le comblement des lacunes des poteries à partir du plâtre pose actuellement des problèmes complexes lors des traitements de dérestauration. Les restaurateurs de céramiques s'interrogent de manière récurrente sur l'utilisation du plâtre dans le domaine de la restauration des céramiques archéologiques. Des recherches s'orientent vers le choix d'autres matériaux d'obturation. Actuellement, d'autres méthodes peuvent être mises en place en proposant le remplacement du plâtre par un matériau composite allégé, les mousses et les pâtes syntactiques.

  20. Des Balkans About the Balkans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Predrag Matvejević

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Les Balkans témoignent de contradictions géographiques et politiques, perceptibles dans le changement d’appellation des lieux au cours de l’Histoire : de la péninsule illyrienne, grecque, byzantine à la « Turquie d’Europe » plus récente. Il est resté une dénomination venue des Turcs, les « Balkans ». Cette presqu’île n’offre pas de frontières naturelles difficiles à franchir. Les délimitations des géographes et historiens sont relatives et souvent arbitraires, et donc contestées. Sa définition est difficile, car, étant associée à la progression des troupes ottomanes, cette « zone de turbulences » garde aux yeux de certains un caractère négatif. Marqués par les bouleversements telluriques et historiques, les Balkans témoignent d’une pluralité et d’une variété démographiques, ce qui pose un grand nombre de questions en termes de rapports ethniques, de constructions identitaires et territoriales. Les revendications s’appuient aussi bien sur le mythe que sur l’Histoire. L’apparition de l’État-nation a constitué dans ces régions de multiples fractures à l’image du schisme chrétien de 1054, divisant Églises et croyances, empires et pouvoirs, styles et écritures. L’islam a engendré de nouvelles oppositions ou intolérances. Les puissances étrangères sont intervenues dans ce jeu pour tenter de le stabiliser tout en déterminant leurs sphères d’influence, figeant par le jeu des traités une multitude de questions irrésolues ou conflictuelles, sans apporter de réponse durable. Cet inachevé, dans une histoire faite de partages, suscite des frustrations, et nécessite une réécriture qui tarde à se faire jour, faute d’apaisement entre les différentes sensibilités. La littérature se fait l’écho de ces situations par l’évocation de la cruauté, sous l’occupation ottomane (cf. Ivo Andrić notamment, mais aussi dans l’actualité récente. « Cet espace qui produit

  1. La reputation scientifique contestee des freres Bogdanov

    CERN Multimedia

    Morin, H

    2002-01-01

    "Les celebres jumeaux sont revenus a la television apres avoir obtenu des theses en mathematiques et physique theorique. Depuis, ils sont la cible de virulentes critiques portant sur la qualite reelle de leurs travaux" (1 page).

  2. The enhancement of existing DES Maplet interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, Nur Lina; Mutalip, Rasidah Abdull; Abdullah, Kamilah

    2014-07-01

    This study pertains to the process of Data Encryption Standard, DES. DES consists of encryption and decryption processes linked with mathematical elements such as algebra and number theory. Preliminary, studies revealed that most of mathematics students face a problem in understanding the complicated process of DES. In modern learning methods, learning environment becomes more interesting with the use of computer and a variety of mathematical software packages. Several mathematical softwares such as Maple, Mathematica, Mathlab and Sage were developed in order to fulfill the specific calculation requirements. Correspondingly, motivated from that, this study incorporated with Maple to enhance the existing DES Maplet interface to be more interactive and user-friendly compared to the original version.

  3. GROSSESSE GEMELLA IRE ET EVOLUTION DES JUMEAUX

    OpenAIRE

    SALAH, HANANE; ALLAOUI, AMINA

    2012-01-01

    Cette étude prospective succincte nous a permis de réunir les informations suivantes - La grande fréquence des grossesses gémellaires dans le mois de septembre. - L'âge jeune des mamans. - La plupart des jumeaux occupent la première ou la deuxième place dans la fratrie. - Le bon état de santé des mamans avant la grossesse par l'absence d'antécédents pathologiques chez elles. - Un très faible tôt d'antécédent personnel de grossesse gémellaire antérieure contre une...

  4. Pyrotechnie : une évaluation des risques

    OpenAIRE

    Aufauvre, Lionel; Marlair, Guy; Michot, Christian

    2006-01-01

    Depuis une dizaine d'années, la pyrotechnie tend à se démocratiser, comme en témoigne le développement du marché des artifices de divertissement pour le grand public en France. Elle touche de même l'ensemble de la population dans des applications comme les équipements de sécurité des véhicules automobiles de type airbags ou prétensionneurs de ceinture de sécurité. En effet, ces équipements mettent en oeuvre des matériaux énergétiques adaptés au temps de réaction, extrêmement court, nécessaire...

  5. Wood duck studies : Des Lacs NWR

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This memorandum summarizes wood duck studies on Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge and provides a brief history on the status of wood ducks on the edge of their...

  6. Table des abréviations

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    A Textes juridiques al. : alinéa art. : article A.u.-Com. : Acte uniforme portant droit commercial général A.u.-Compt. : Acte uniforme portant harmonisation des comptabilités des entreprises A.u.-Proc.coll. : Acte uniforme portant organisation des procédures collectives d’apurement du passif A.u.-Soc. : Acte uniforme relatif aux sociétés commerciales et au groupement d’intérêt économique C.ass. : Code des assurances C.civ. : Code civil C.com. : Code de commerce C.E.S.D.H. : Convention europée...

  7. Report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Volume I. General discussion and Examination of the articles; Rapport sur le projet de loi (no. 1253) relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite. Tome I. Discussion generale et Examen des articles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Christian [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-02-11

    This report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply is composed of three parts. The first part contains the following three sections: I. The electricity, a commodity as others?; II. The stride towards liberalization; III. France and the opening of electricity market. In turn, the first section addresses the following two subjects: A. The 'classic' approach or recognizing the peculiarity of electricity; B. The European approach or the trend of trivializing the electricity. The second section addresses the subjects titled: A. A long and severe bargaining; B. Directive 96/92/CE of 19 December 1996, a new step in achieving a domestic market of electricity; C. The stage of implementation throughout the member states. The third section presents the current juridical framework and the main problems stipulated in the draft of the law concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. The second part of this report is devoted to the debates in the Commission of Production and Exchanges and contains the following three sections: I. Auditions; II. General discussion; III. The examination of the articles of the law concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply.

  8. L 'Analyse des Organisations en Afrique:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    croissance économique, développement des techniques industrielles, nécessité d'une plus ... légale se caractérise par la consécration des règles de droit et d'un certain nombre ..... mais un système ouvert qui entretient avec son environnement une relation .... C'est l'affaire de tous, que l'on soit supérieur ou subordonné.

  9. Tabanidae (Diptera) des pays-bas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leclercq, M.

    1967-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Cette mise au point des Tabanides des Pays-Bas a été rendue possible grâce à la collaboration de M. V. S. van der Goot, département d'Entomologie, Zoölogisch Museum, Amsterdam, que nous remercions pour son amabilité. Nous avons pu étudier aussi les collections du Rijksmuseum van Natuurl

  10. Probleme des elektiven Mutismus bei Jugendlichen

    OpenAIRE

    1983-01-01

    Nach einem Exkurs zur Terminologie des Begriffs elektiver Mutismus und zur Symptomatologie dieser Erkrankung wird anhand einer Krankengeschichte die Hauptproblematik der Psychotherapie mit einem jugendlichen Mutisten erörtert. Besondere Erwähnung finden dabei 1. der äußerst schwierige Abschnitt von der Kontaktaufnahme bis zur "regelrechten" Gesprächspsychotherapie und 2. der Konflikt, der in diesem speziellen Fall der Entstehung des Mutismus zugrunde liegt. Hinweise zur Arbeit mit de...

  11. Der Machtmensch: zur Dramatologie des Politikers

    OpenAIRE

    Hitzler, Ronald

    1991-01-01

    Der Beitrag erörtert das Anforderungsprofil des modernen Politikers, wobei unter anderem folgende Aspekte beleuchtet werden: (1) Die Darstellungskompetenz, (2) Machiavellismus, (3) die typische Persönlichkeit des Politikers (Harold D. Laswell), (4) Politik als Beruf (M. Weber), (5) die wichtigsten Bedingungen für eine erfolgreiche Politikerkarriere, (6) politisches Handeln verstanden als Inszenierungsarbeit, (7) Politik als Ritual (Murray Edelman), (8) die Dramatologie der Politik sowie (9) d...

  12. Analyse de la mobilité des paysages et des systèmes sociaux en Thessalie : l’apport des images Landsat TM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Helly

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Une équipe pluridisciplinaire tente d’identifier la répartition des sites observables ou enfouis dans la plaine de Larissa. L’analyse d’image Landsat TM a permis d’identifier l’extension réelle des épandages, des systèmes de failles mais aussi des trames anthropiques qu’aucun autre document n’illustre.

  13. Caracterisation des proprietes acoustiques des materiaux poreux a cellules ouvertes et a matrice rigide ou souple

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salissou, Yacoubou

    L'objectif global vise par les travaux de cette these est d'ameliorer la caracterisation des proprietes macroscopiques des materiaux poreux a structure rigide ou souple par des approches inverses et indirectes basees sur des mesures acoustiques faites en tube d'impedance. La precision des approches inverses et indirectes utilisees aujourd'hui est principalement limitee par la qualite des mesures acoustiques obtenues en tube d'impedance. En consequence, cette these se penche sur quatre problemes qui aideront a l'atteinte de l'objectif global precite. Le premier probleme porte sur une caracterisation precise de la porosite ouverte des materiaux poreux. Cette propriete en est une de passage permettant de lier la mesure des proprietes dynamiques acoustiques d'un materiau poreux aux proprietes effectives de sa phase fluide decrite par les modeles semi-phenomenologiques. Le deuxieme probleme traite de l'hypothese de symetrie des materiaux poreux selon leur epaisseur ou un index et un critere sont proposes pour quantifier l'asymetrie d'un materiau. Cette hypothese est souvent source d'imprecision des methodes de caracterisation inverses et indirectes en tube d'impedance. Le critere d'asymetrie propose permet ainsi de s'assurer de l'applicabilite et de la precision de ces methodes pour un materiau donne. Le troisieme probleme vise a mieux comprendre le probleme de transmission sonore en tube d'impedance en presentant pour la premiere fois un developpement exact du probleme par decomposition d'ondes. Ce developpement permet d'etablir clairement les limites des nombreuses methodes existantes basees sur des tubes de transmission a 2, 3 ou 4 microphones. La meilleure comprehension de ce probleme de transmission est importante puisque c'est par ce type de mesures que des methodes permettent d'extraire successivement la matrice de transfert d'un materiau poreux et ses proprietes dynamiques intrinseques comme son impedance caracteristique et son nombre d'onde complexe. Enfin, le

  14. TENDANCES ACTUELLES EN MARKETING DES SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George NICULESCU

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Les activités de services sont difficiles à gérer dans le cadre du marketing-mix traditionnel car, contrairement aux biens tangibles produits la qualité des services est très dépendante de facteurs personnels. De même, la nature intangible des services n’est pas prise en compte dans la plupart des analyses du marketing-mix. Par exemple, la distribution physique ne coïncide pas avec la distribution d’éléments invisibles et la politique de communication de l’approche traditionnelle du marketingmix (4P’s ne reconnaît pas la communication des services établie sur le lieu de rencontre entre le personnel de contact de la firme et les clients. Même si les opinions sont partagées et que le débat n’est pas clos, on peut considérer que des éléments supplémentaires s’imposent pour élaborer un marketing qui permette de satisfaire les attentes des parties contractantes de la façon la plus satisfaisante possible

  15. Wiktor Stoczkowski, Des hommes, des dieux et des extraterrestres. Ethnologie d’une croyance moderne

    OpenAIRE

    Lepoutre, David

    2006-01-01

    Voici un ouvrage qui nous fait entrer de plain-pied dans une subculture contemporaine généralement perçue comme marginale et qui s’avère pourtant être d’une importance sociale considérable. Il s’agit de l’univers, exotique s’il en est, des parasciences et de la pensée occultiste. Le lecteur curieux y trouvera un ensemble de développements remarquablement bien documentés et ordonnés sur un certain nombre de sujets et de thèmes liés à cette pensée contemporaine dont les ramifications tentaculai...

  16. General Assembly

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2017-01-01

    Conformément aux statuts de l’Association du personnel, une Assemblée générale ordinaire est organisée une fois par année (article IV.2.1). Projet d’ordre du jour : Adoption de l’ordre du jour. Approbation du procès-verbal de l’Assemblée générale ordinaire du 5 avril 2016. Présentation et approbation du rapport d’activités 2016. Présentation et approbation du rapport financier 2016. Présentation et approbation du rapport des vérificateurs aux comptes pour 2016. Programme de travail 2017. Présentation et approbation du projet de budget 2017 Approbation du taux de cotisation pour 2018. Modifications aux Statuts de l'Association du personnel proposées. Élections des membres de la Commission électorale. Élections des vérifica...

  17. White Book on means of extending the general tax on polluting activities to intermediary energy consumptions of enterprises; Livre blanc sur les modalites de l'extension de la taxe generale sur les activites polluantes aux consommations intermediaires d'energie des entreprises

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-10-11

    The government decided to engage France in a firm action of reducing the pollutant emission damaging the environment or producing the greenhouse effect. To this aim the taxation upon the consumptions of rare resources the use of which results in an important pressure upon environment, as the energy for instance, constitutes an essential complement to other tools, as for instance, regulations, technical norms, ecological labels, assistance for investments, etc. Thus the fiscal policy constitutes a perennial lever of inciting actors, particularly those acting in economy, to optimize and control their energy consumption or to reduce their greenhouse gas emission. Any pollutant emission avoided represents not only a supplementary protection of the environment but also, in time, the avoidance of a reparatory expenditure for the entire society. To this aim the Parliament has approved in 1999 the creation of a general tax on polluting activities (TGAP) intended to prevent first the local and diffuse pollutions which will be enlarged since 2001 to prevent the global pollutions, first of those resulting from greenhouse gas emissions. France engaged itself in the frame of Kyoto conference protocol, adopted in December 1997, to stabilize in 2010 its gas emissions to the level attained in 1990. Actually, taking into account the prospects for economic growth, this engagement needs supplementary efforts. The government's decision, announced last 20 May, of enlarging the TGAP since 2001 to intermediary energy consumptions, is a contribution to this objective. Concerned about the France industry competitiveness, namely to the particular situation of the intensive energy enterprises, exposed to international competition, the government judged advisable to proceed in a large consultation of the concerned economic actors before implementing this enlargement. The White Book makes this engagement concrete. The accuracy of the answers given to the questions, posed in its second

  18. Nouveaux modes de coordination des acteurs dans le développement local: cas des zones rurales au Bénin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard G. Hounmenou

    2003-10-01

    territoire dans les Collines. En leur permettant de révéler leurs préférences collectives de développement, la concertation et la mobilisation des populations locales au sein de ces dispositifs favorisent leur proximité des niveaux de prise de décisions les concernant.The currency development policies in many southern countries, especially in those of sub-Saharan Africa have started a new turn, by the end of the years 1980. With the favor of the democracy climate in many of those countries from that period, number of them have proceeded to the deep reforms, giving to the civil society and the basic populations, an important right of glance in the management of the matters which concern them. One of the important manifestations of those reforms, is expressed by the implementation of the decentralization process. Otherwise, it is also to favor the local populations capacities reinforcement, in order to make them able to well support their own matters management, in the frame of the participative governance, through the decentralization process. Begun in January 1993 with the general statement of territorial administration, the decentralization process in Benin, has known its operational step with the election and the installation of the new local elected, about the beginning of the year 2003. Early, since the middle of the years 1990, in many Benin localities, local communities development experiences have been taking place, in order to prepare populations to the decentralization advent. It’s especially the case of some villages in Atlantic department and all of those in Collines. Through those experiences, various systems of local governance are taking place in rural areas. It’s the case of “village committees of monitoring or management’’, “village committee of development” system in Atlantic region, and the “territory project” system in Collines region. By allowing them to reveal their common preferences of development, the consulting and the

  19. Etudes physiques des mélanges eau-cryoprotecteurs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vassoille, R.; Perez, J.

    The aim of the following review is to present the most important studies concerning the physical properties of water-solutes mixtures used in cryobiology. Cryobiology is a branch of biology which deals with the very low temperature behaviour of cells. This technique is developed today in several directions. The creation of banks of cells and perhaps in a short time of small organs, is the purpose of much research in this domain. Before freezing, living cells are generally put in a solution containing one or more solutes. The role of these solutes is to protect the cells against damage due to crystallization of water (cryoprotectors). The mechanisms of cryoprotection are not well known ; nevertheless the vitreous state formation during cooling is often invoked. So, it is possible to avoid crystallization damage such as mechanical strain (due to an increase of volume of about 10 %) and salt effects (due to osmotic pressure). The conditions in which the vitreous state is obtained, maintained during cooling, storage at low temperature and rewarming can be defined by physical studies presented in the following review. Le présent travail est essentiellement une revue bibliographique des principales études physiques qui ont été réalisées avec des solutions de composés habituellement employés en cryobiologie. La cryobiologie est une branche de la biologie qui s'intéresse au comportement des cellules à basse température. Cette discipline est actuellement en plein développement dans des domaines très divers. Son principal but est la création de banques de cellules de plus en plus complexes avec comme perspective la conservation des organes. Les cellules vivantes sont généralement placées avant congélation dans une solution contenant divers composés dont le rôle est de protéger les cellules contre les effets de la cristallisation de l'eau. L'action protectrice de ces cryoprotecteurs est encore mal connue; cependant, la formation d'un état vitreux lors du

  20. 127 Impact des rejets urbains et industriels sur la qualité des eaux ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PR BOKO

    rejets industriels et urbains sur l'évolution de la qualité des eaux de surface et ... 1,0205= 11820, sa principale activité est l'agriculture, visible surtout dans la partie Sud là .... Ils sont également indicateurs d'une pollution par des eaux usées.

  1. Marine Traffic Project, un outil d’observation des routes et des ports maritimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Théry

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Le site Marine Traffic fournit, gratuitement et en temps réel, des informations sur les mouvements des navires dans le monde entier. Il fait partie d’un projet universitaire qui a pour but la collecte et la diffusion de ces données en vue de leur exploitation dans divers domaines…

  2. Regard sur Le Temps des grâces, de Dominique Marchais A look at Le temps des grâces by Dominique Marchais Una mirada a Le temps des grâces, de Dominique Marchais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christèle Dondeyne

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Le documentaire Le Temps des grâces de Dominique Marchais s’attache aux regards que des agriculteurs de différentes générations portent sur leur activité et aux analyses d’agronomes et d’économistes sur l’agriculture française. Il donne à voir quelques unes des multiples façons dont le travail agricole modèle les paysages et les écosystèmes et souligne le poids des politiques publiques dans ces orientations. Son constat global laisse plus de place à une industrialisation de l’agriculture qui conduit à l’uniformisation des produits et à la mort des sols qu’à des alternatives viables pour les écosystèmes. La confrontation de ce documentaire avec des travaux majeurs de la sociologie sur ce thème produit une impression de décalage et renvoie à des réflexions théoriques et méthodologiques.Dominique Marchais’ documentary, Le Temps des grâces, deals with different farmer generations’ vision of their work. It also provides an agronomic and economic analysis of French farming, showing some of the many different ways in which agricultural activity shapes landscape and ecosystems, while stressing the responsibility of public policy in such processes. The general observation highlights the growing industrialisation of agriculture, leading more to the uniformisation of products and destruction of soil fertility than to ecologically viable alternatives. When compared with major sociological studies in this area, the documentary highlights certain deviations while referring to theoretical and methodological thinking in this domain.En su documental Le Temps des grâces, Dominique Marchais se interesa en la visión que agricultores de diferentes generaciones tienen de su quehacer y en algunos análisis de la agricultura francesa realizados por agrónomos y economistas. Su trabajo permite vislumbrar algunas de las múltiples formas en que el trabajo agrícola modela los paisajes y los ecosistemas, y hace hincapié en el

  3. Services de transfert des savoirs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Simard

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article décrit un modèle visant à faciliter la compréhension du processus de transfert du contenu depuis sa source jusqu’à son utilisation. Un groupe de travail de Ressources naturelles Canada a étudié la nature du transfert des savoirs à l’aide d’un modèle de services, afin de découvrir et comprendre les modèles et processus sous-jacents. Les services de savoir sont des programmes qui créent et fournissent des produits organisationnels basés sur un contenu et ayant une valeur intégrée. Ces programmes sont destinés à être utilisés en interne ou transférés pour répondre aux souhaits et besoins d’un utilisateur externe. Les critères de conception du modèle sont les suivants : indépendance par rapport au contenu, concentration sur l’organisation, évolutivité, deux pilotes et deux niveaux de résolution. Le modèle est basé sur une chaîne de valeur dans laquelle la valeur est intégrée, déplacée ou extraite. Un système de services de savoir se divise en neuf étapes : générer, transformer, gérer, utiliser en interne, transférer, ajouter de la valeur, utiliser professionnellement, utiliser personnellement et évaluer. Les services de savoir sont fournis par l’intermédiaire d’un spectre de distribution allant de complexe à accessible. À chaque région du spectre de distribution correspond une série d’attributs qui influencent la manière dont les services sont fournis.This paper describes a model intended to increase understanding of how content is transferred from its source to its use. A Natural Resources Canada task group explored the nature of knowledge transfer with a services paradigm to discover and understand underlying patterns and processes. Knowledge Services are programs that produce and pro-vide content-based organizational outputs with embedded value that are intended to be used internally or transferred to meet external user wants or needs. Model design criteria

  4. Effets perturbateurs endocriniens des pesticides organochlores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlier, C; Plomteux, G

    2002-01-01

    Xenoestrogens such organochlorine pesticides are known to induce changes in reproductive development, function or behaviour in wildlife. Because these compounds are able to modify the estrogens metabolism, or to compete with estradiol for binding to the estrogen receptor, it may be possible that these products affect the risk of developing impaired fertility, precocious puberty or some kinds of cancer in man. Le plus ancien récit de lutte contre la pollution remonte à une légende indienne racontant que la divinité Sing-bonga était incommodée par les émanations des fours dans lesquels les Asuras fondaient leurs métaux (1). Evidemment depuis, la problématique n-a cessé de s-accroître et la contamination de la Terre par de nombreux polluants est devenue aujourd-hui un problème majeur de notre Société. La protection de notre environnement est une question capitale qui doit être respectée malgré la pression économique actuelle et qui ne cessera de croître au cours des prochaines années même si l-identification objective et indiscutable de ce qui est essentiel - donc devant être prioritairement garanti sur la planète - est difficile à cerner (2). « Un oiseau en mauvais état ne pond pas de bons oeufs » disait un proverbe grec. Mais ce n-est qu-à partir de la seconde moitié du XXème siècle que les toxicologues ont commencé à identifier les effets qu-avaient entraînés à l-échelle mondiale les pollutions émises aux XIXème siècle sur la faune sauvage et sur le cheptel (3). L-histoire contemporaine des pesticides industriels commence vers 1874 (synthèse des organochlorés) et se poursuit tout au long de ces 2 siècles en passant par la synthèse des organophosphorés (1950), des carbamates (1970) et des pyréthroïdes (1975) (4). Le dichlorodiphényltrichloroéthane (DDT) a été synthétisé pour la première fois par un étudiant en cours de préparation de sa thèse de doctorat : Othmer Zeidler. La production, reprise par les

  5. Micro Blog:un monde des rumeurs%Micro Blog : un monde des rumeurs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洁

    2012-01-01

    Quel est le divertissement le plus populaire sur Internet depuis ao(u)t 2009 en Chine ? Ce serait le Micro Blog du site web Sina.Avec 100 millions d'utilisateurs,ce Micro Blog est une plate-forme où l'on peut partager,diffuser et obtenir des informations immédiatement.En comparaison d'autres micro blogs tels que twitter et facebook,celui de Sina nous offre plus de services.Avec 140 mots,nous pouvons bien exprimer au moins une idée en chinois.De plus,en diffusant des critiques,des photos,des vidéos et des chansons,chacun devient jourr(n)aliste en observant et enregistrant les nouvelles de la vie.

  6. Decisionismo e Hermenêutica Negativa: Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen e a afirmação do poder no ato interpretativo do direito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andityas Soares de Moura Costa Matos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2013v34n67p111O presente artigo pretende refletir sobre as teorias da interpretação jurídica nas obras de Carl Schmitt e Hans Kelsen, demonstrando que, muito embora assumam diferentes sentidos do decisionismo, acabam por gerar uma hermenêutica negativa. Para tanto, analisa-se a obra de Schmitt nos anos de 1910, período ainda marcado por um enfoque neokantiano; nos anos de 1920, no contexto da crise de Weimar; e nos anos de 1930, quando Schmitt adere ao nacional-socialismo. No que diz respeito a Kelsen, privilegia-se as duas edições da Teoria Pura do Direito (1934 e 1960. Como conclusão, percebe-se a insuficiência da hermenêutica negativa.

  7. Modern embalming, circulation of fluids, and the voyage through the human arterial system: Carl L. Barnes and the culture of immortality in America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podgorny, Irina

    2011-01-01

    By considering the work of American embalmer, lawyer, and physician Carl Lewis Barnes (1872-1927), this paper analyzes the emergence of modern embalming in America. Barnes experimented with and exhibited the techniques by which embalming fluids travelled into the most remote cavities of the human body. In this sense, modem embalmers based their skills and methods on experimental medicine, turning the anatomy of blood vessels, physiology of circulation, and composition of blood into a circuit that allowed embalming fluids to move throughout the corpse. Embalmers in the late 19th century took ownership of the laws of hydrodynamics and the physiology of blood circulation to market their fluids and equipment, thus playing the role of physiologists of death, performing and demonstrating physiological experiments with dead bodies.

  8. "Todos son genios". La crítica a la estetización de la acción política en Carl Schmitt.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Ramírez.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In Political Romanticism, a work from 1919, Carl Schmitt interprets German romanticism as a “metaphysic” in which aesthetic concepts become the guiding concepts of all human activity. On this basis, he analyses and criticizes the effects of the expansion of aesthetic concerns on political action. This essay reconstructs Schmitt’s argument as a conceptual-historical genealogy of a modern discursive formation from which, as a by-product, a form of subjectivity now present in advanced capitalist societies was constituted. By contrasting Schmitt’s concept of the political in Political Romanticism with various works of contemporary sociology (Boltanski, Lipovetsky, Schulze, the article concludes by pointing out the political phenomena that are linked to the diffusion of this type of subjectivity.

  9. Types of species of Apionidae (Coleoptera) described by Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828) with description of a new genus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel A

    2013-01-01

    The type specimens of species of Apionidae described by Carl Peter Thunberg are reviewed and lecto- and paralectotypes are designated for Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813, Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813, Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815 and Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815. A new genus Thunbergapion (type species Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813) is described, figured and placed in the tribe Aplemonini Kissinger, 1968. The new combination Thunbergapion limbatum (Thunberg, 1813) is proposed. A key to the known South African genera of the tribe is given. The following new synonymies are established: Oxystoma craccae (Linnaeus, 1767) = Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813 syn. n., Ischnopterapion (Ischnopterapion) loti (Kirby, 1808) = Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815, syn. n., and Pseudoprotapion astragali (Paykull, 1800) = Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815, syn. n.

  10. Types of species of Apionidae (Coleoptera) described by Carl Peter Thunberg (1743–1828) with description of a new genus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel A.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract The type specimens of species of Apionidae described by Carl Peter Thunberg are reviewed and lecto- and paralectotypes are designated for Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813, Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813, Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815 and Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815. A new genus Thunbergapion (type species Apion limbatum Thunberg, 1813) is described, figured and placed in the tribe Aplemonini Kissinger, 1968. The new combination Thunbergapion limbatum (Thunberg, 1813) is proposed. A key to the known South African genera of the tribe is given. The following new synonymies are established: Oxystoma craccae (Linnaeus, 1767) = Apion craccae Thunberg, 1813 syn. n., Ischnopterapion (Ischnopterapion) loti (Kirby, 1808) = Apion punctigerum Thunberg, 1815, syn. n., and Pseudoprotapion astragali (Paykull, 1800) = Apion astragali Thunberg, 1815, syn. n. PMID:23950673

  11. [The "utopian" national socialism - a mutual dispute in the philosophy of Martin Heidegger and Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schäfer, Wolf

    2014-01-01

    In a letter to his wife from October 14, 1943, Werner Heisenberg describes a fierce clash with Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker. The sudden conflict raises numerous questions, two of which are tackled here. First: How is now the friendly relationship between Heisenberg and Weizsäcker in the postwar years to be understood? The answer is: as a strategic performance. Second: How are the radical opinions to be explained that Weizsäcker expressed at the time? A thorough reconstruction of the lifelong connection that Weizsäcker maintained with Martin Heidegger and Heidegger's philosophy gives the answer: the young Weizsäcker was fired up by the "utopian" National Socialism with which Heidegger trumped the real existing.

  12. Nomina dubia in the genus Theridion resulting from errors in instalment six of Carl Wilhelm Hahn’s “Monographie der Spinnen” (Araneae: Theridiidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prpic, Nikola-Michael

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available An overlooked error in the correlation of new scientific names with the spider images on plate 4 in Carl Wilhelm Hahn’s sixth instalment of his book ”Monographie der Spinnen” led to the notion that at least two of the spiders illustrated on plate 4 cannot be identified and their names are nomina dubia. Here, I draw attention to the fact that, if the names are re-aligned to the images in a meaningful way, then at least three spiders on plate 4 can be identified. Theridion rufipes sensu Hahn is a synonym of Gongylidium rufipes (Linnaeus, 1758 (syn. conf.. In particular, the previous nomen dubium Theridion tibiale Hahn, 1831 is a senior synonym of Lasaeola tristis (Hahn, 1833 (syn. nov.. Evidence is presented that the junior synonym is in prevailing usage and the senior synonym is therefore regarded as nomen oblitum.

  13. ["The hard core". Science between politics and philosophy by Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and in the finalization theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krohn, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    In the Starnberg Max-Planck Institute one of the working groups was concerned with science as the formative condition--or "hard core"--of societal modernity, and with science as potential resource for solving social problems and addressing future goals. More precisely, the group intended to differentiate between phases in which scientific disciplines predominantly care for their own paradigmatic completion and those allowing their theoretical potential resonate with external needs. The conceptual model was coined "finalization in science". It soon provoked a heated controversy on the dangers of social control of science. The paper analyses Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's views on the relation between philosophy and policy of science including his interpretation of Thomas Kuhn and reconstructs the impact of his ideas on the finalization model. It finally reflects on the relationship between science development and change of consciousness in the context of scientific responsibility for (the use of) research outcomes.

  14. Géochimie des gaz naturels et origine des gisements de gaz en Europe occidentale Geochemistry of Natural Gas and Origins of Gas Fields in Western Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tissot B.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available De nombreux gisements de gaz sont connus en Europe, dans des conditions géologiques très diverses et dans des terrains d'âge Paléozoïque à Pleistocène. Le problème de leur origine peut être élucidé par l'étude de la composition chimique et isotopique des gaz associée à la connaissance de l'histoire géologique. On rappellera d'abord le schéma général de formation de l'huile et du gaz dans les bassins sédimentaires, puis on discutera les conditions particulières de formation des divers types de gaz. Enfin, on passera en revue, à titre d'exemple, un certain nombre de gisements de gaz d'Europe occidentale. A great many gas fields are known in Europe, having a wide variety of geological conditions and in formations ranging in age from the Paleozoic to the Pleistocene. The problem of their origin can be explained by analyzing the chemical and isotopic composition of the gases combined with knowing the geological history. This article first reviews the general pattern of oil and gas formation in sedimentary basins and then goes on to discuss the specific conditions for the formation of different types of gas. It concludes with a review of various gas fields in Western Europe.

  15. Vom Bürger zum Kunden. Der Strukturwandel des Bildungssystems und der demokratischen Kultur in Deutschland

    OpenAIRE

    Zymek, Bernd

    2004-01-01

    Der Artikel analysiert aus einer bildungs- und sozialhistorischen Perspektive die Ursachen und Konsequenzen des auffälligen Begriffswandels und Strategiewechsels in den bildungspolitischen Debatten Deutschlands. die aktuelle Konjunktur ökonomischer Begriffe und betriebswirtschaftlicher Strategien wird im Zusammenhang des langfristigen Strukturwandels des deutschen Bildungssystems, des Funktionsverlusts des Berechtigungswesens und der Expansion kommerzieller Bildungsangebote im Umfeld des staa...

  16. La gestion des eaux souterraines et des steppes en Syrie : une ouverture internationale sous contrôle

    OpenAIRE

    Saadé-Sbeih, Myriam; Jaubert, Ronald; Al-Dbiyat, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    À partir de la fin des années 1990, dans un contexte d’ouverture à l’international, les autorités syriennes adoptèrent une posture conforme au discours des organisations internationales de développement en redéfinissant les politiques d’exploitation des eaux souterraines et des parcours steppiques. Si les programmes mis en œuvre semblent dans un premier temps correspondre à l’adoption des principes et instruments de régulation et de gestion des ressources naturelles promus par les organisatio...

  17. Multistatic Surveillance and Reconnaissance: Sensor, Signals and Data Fusion (Surveillance et Reconnaissance Multistatiques : Fusion des capteurs, des signaux et des donnees)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    capteurs , des signaux et des données) Research and Technology Organisation (NATO) BP 25, F-92201 Neuilly-sur-Seine Cedex, France RTO-EN-SET-133...this new paradigm, each radar/sonar can receive and process its own signal and/or the signal of other local sources. The application of bi-/multistatic...Multistatiques : Fusion des capteurs , des signaux et des données) The material in this publication was assembled to support a Lecture Series under the

  18. Des périphéries « utiles » Usefull Peripheries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Ivanoff

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available L’accroissement des échanges d’hommes et de marchandises entrainé par la vision libérale d’un grand marché sans frontières redéfinit le travail de l’ethnologue qui doit prendre en compte les nouvelles recompositions des populations « de frontières » autrefois marginalisées. Ces populations sont autant des groupes sociaux que des ethnies, chacun d’eux renégociant sa position au sein des États-Nations, rappelant en préambule les notions de choix, d’idéologie nomade et les travaux sur les relations entre nomades et sédentaires. L’anthropologie des frontières est donc un champ de recherche qui doit utiliser les outils classiques de l’ethnologie tout en comprenant les enjeux ethniques des périphéries qui n’en sont plus. Les frontières ont toujours été des espaces de négociations organiquement liées aux centres et les ethnies qui y demeurent utilisent les nouvelles opportunités sociales, économiques et politiques de la « globalisation » pour construire, affirmer ou transcender leur ethnicité qui doit fonctionner de concert avec la nouvelle marche du monde. La disparition des ethnies n’est pas a l’ordre du jour, mais bien au contraire, fait apparaitre la résilience de ces peuples qui autorisent au chercheur l’observation d’un renouveau des dynamiques latentes propres a chaque ethnie. Les modes d’appropriation des ressources, des territoires, des points de passages sont autant de points de négociation pour ces populations qui bien qu’entrant dans le mouvement général de la nouvelle mobilité mondiale n’en révèlent pas moins leur véritable « cœur culturel », leur fond ethnique qu’elles doivent préserver.Driven by the vision of a large market without borders, the increase in exchanging people and goods has redefined the work of the anthropologist, who must now take into account new reconstructions of borderland populations who were once marginalized. These populations are

  19. Le financement général des communes : comparaison interrégionale des modes de répartition

    OpenAIRE

    Husson, Jean-François

    2008-01-01

    The Fonds des communes refers to a system of general purpose, non earmarked grants. This paper details and compares the repartition schemes used in the three Regions. The main goals in all three Regions are fiscal equalization and compensation for higher costs and/or higher demand for local public goods – notably the ones resulting from externalities. Therefore, substantial differences remain in terms of implementation. Peer reviewed

  20. Review of Fusion Systems and Contributing Technologies for SIHS-TD (Examen des Systemes de Fusion et des Technologies d’Appui pour la DT SIHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-31

    de la DT - SIHS. L’équipe des sous-systèmes de vision de la DT - SIHS planifie le développement à court terme d’un banc d’essai de fusion...references, the researcher systematically added additional keywords to refine the search. In general, this process produced many irrelevant references...development. State of the art fusion processing system architectures are described. The report analyses selected fusion systems based on their ability to