WorldWideScience

Sample records for deployed military personnel

  1. Dengue Virus Exposures among Deployed U.S. Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesse, Elisabeth M; Martinez, Luis J; Jarman, Richard G; Lyons, Arthur G; Eckels, Kenneth H; De La Barrera, Rafael A; Thomas, Stephen J

    2017-02-13

    Dengue virus infections have adversely impacted U.S. military operations since the Spanish-American War. The erosion of mission capabilities and lost duty days are underestimated. Appreciating the incidence and prevalence of dengue infections in U.S. military personnel is important to inform disease prevention strategies. Banked pre- and post-deployment serum samples from 1,000 U.S. military personnel with a single deployment to a dengue-endemic region were tested using a screening microneutralization assay to detect anti-dengue-virus-neutralizing antibodies. A total of 76 (7.6%) post-deployment samples were positive and 15 of the pre-deployment samples were negative. These figures represent an infection incidence of 1.5% and total of 17.6 seroconversions per 10,000 deployment months. These data represent a deploying military population with a relatively high background rate of dengue seropositivity, a low level of infection during deployment compared with background infection rates in the local populations, and the potential for worsening clinical attack rates with increased frequency of deployment. Additional studies are required to more clearly elucidate the dengue infection and disease risk in U.S. military personnel.

  2. Description of risk and resilience factors among military medical personnel before deployment to Iraq.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maguen, Shira; Turcotte, Diane M; Peterson, Alan L; Dremsa, Theresa L; Garb, Howard N; McNally, Richard J; Litz, Brett T

    2008-01-01

    Military medical personnel preparing for deployment to Iraq (N = 328) participated in a survey concerning predeployment risk and resilience factors. Participants reported exposure to an average of 2.5 potentially traumatic events before deployment and 76% (n = 229) reported at least two current concerns about predeployment stressors. Military personnel also endorsed a series of positive appraisals of the military, the mission, and their unit. Fairly low levels of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms before deployment were reported and positive affect was significantly higher than reported negative affect. Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms that were present before deployment were most strongly associated with risk factors, whereas positive affect was most strongly associated with resilience factors. Predeployment negative affect was associated with a combination of risk and resilience factors. These findings have implications for possible interventions and preparation of medical personnel before military deployment. A better understanding of the factors related to risk and resilience in military medical personnel will allow for improved screening, educational, training, and clinical programs aimed at increasing resilience before military deployments.

  3. Seroconversion for infectious pathogens among UK military personnel deployed to Afghanistan, 2008-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Edmund N C; Johnstone, Penelope; Bridge, Hannah; Wright, Deborah; Jameson, Lisa; Bosworth, Andrew; Hatch, Rebecca; Hayward-Karlsson, Jenny; Osborne, Jane; Bailey, Mark S; Green, Andrew; Ross, David; Brooks, Tim; Hewson, Roger

    2014-12-01

    Military personnel are at high risk of contracting vector-borne and zoonotic infections, particularly during overseas deployments, when they may be exposed to endemic or emerging infections not prevalent in their native countries. We conducted seroprevalence testing of 467 UK military personnel deployed to Helmand Province, Afghanistan, during 2008-2011 and found that up to 3.1% showed seroconversion for infection with Rickettsia spp., Coxiella burnetii, sandfly fever virus, or hantavirus; none showed seroconversion for infection with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus. Most seroconversions occurred in personnel who did not report illness, except for those with hantavirus (70% symptomatic). These results indicate that many exposures to infectious pathogens, and potentially infections resulting from those exposures, may go unreported. Our findings reinforce the need for continued surveillance of military personnel and for education of health care providers to help recognize and prevent illnesses and transmission of pathogens during and after overseas deployments.

  4. Seroconversion for Infectious Pathogens among UK Military Personnel Deployed to Afghanistan, 2008–2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnstone, Penelope; Bridge, Hannah; Wright, Deborah; Jameson, Lisa; Bosworth, Andrew; Hatch, Rebecca; Hayward-Karlsson, Jenny; Osborne, Jane; Bailey, Mark S.; Green, Andrew; Ross, David; Brooks, Tim; Hewson, Roger

    2014-01-01

    Military personnel are at high risk of contracting vector-borne and zoonotic infections, particularly during overseas deployments, when they may be exposed to endemic or emerging infections not prevalent in their native countries. We conducted seroprevalence testing of 467 UK military personnel deployed to Helmand Province, Afghanistan, during 2008–2011 and found that up to 3.1% showed seroconversion for infection with Rickettsia spp., Coxiella burnetii, sandfly fever virus, or hantavirus; none showed seroconversion for infection with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus. Most seroconversions occurred in personnel who did not report illness, except for those with hantavirus (70% symptomatic). These results indicate that many exposures to infectious pathogens, and potentially infections resulting from those exposures, may go unreported. Our findings reinforce the need for continued surveillance of military personnel and for education of health care providers to help recognize and prevent illnesses and transmission of pathogens during and after overseas deployments. PMID:25418685

  5. Deployment Limiting Mental Health Conditions in US Military Personnel Deployed to Combat Theaters: Predictors of Theater Mental Health Evacuation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eve Weber

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Military sponsored personnel deploying to combat theaters undergo medical and behavioral health screening prior to deployment, ensuring a healthy fighting force is deployed. Methods: Retrospective review of combat theater deployed personnel presenting in theater for mental health treatment were screened for the presence theater limiting mental health conditions that were present prior to combat deployment. Rates were retrospectively established for patients who could be treated in theater (N=511 compared to those that necessitated theater medical evacuation (N=123 due to psychiatric decompensation. Findings: 50.1 percent of those medically evacuated had a previously identified theater limiting mental health condition, statistically different than those with a newly identified mental health condition treated in theater (P<.0001. Those with retrospectively determined medical screening failures were 52 times more likely to evacuated (OR 52.61, 95% CI 25-108 than those without. This study demonstrates potential support of the utilization of existing pre-deployment medical screening procedures.

  6. Prevalence of contraindications to mefloquine use among USA military personnel deployed to Afghanistan

    OpenAIRE

    Remington L Nevin; Pietrusiak, Paul P; Caci, Jennifer B

    2008-01-01

    Background Mefloquine has historically been considered safe and well-tolerated for long-term malaria chemoprophylaxis, but its prescribing requires careful attention to rule out contraindications to its use, including a history of certain psychiatric and neurological disorders. The prevalence of these disorders has not been defined in cohorts of U.S. military personnel deployed to areas where long-term malaria chemoprophylaxis is indicated. Methods Military medical surveillance and pharmacosu...

  7. Prevalence of contraindications to mefloquine use among USA military personnel deployed to Afghanistan

    OpenAIRE

    Pietrusiak Paul P; Nevin Remington L; Caci Jennifer B

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Mefloquine has historically been considered safe and well-tolerated for long-term malaria chemoprophylaxis, but its prescribing requires careful attention to rule out contraindications to its use, including a history of certain psychiatric and neurological disorders. The prevalence of these disorders has not been defined in cohorts of U.S. military personnel deployed to areas where long-term malaria chemoprophylaxis is indicated. Methods Military medical surveillance and p...

  8. Diabetes in Combat: Effect of Military Deployment on Diabetes Mellitus in Air Force Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE 59TH MEDICAL WING (AETC) JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO - LACKLAND TEXAS MEMORANDUM FOR SGOM5E ATTN: LT COL IRENE FOLARON...on Diabetes Mellitus in Air Force Personnel presented at/published to American Diabetes Association, Orlando, FL, 1 April 2017 & San Antonio...Military Deployment on Diabetes Mellitus in Active Duty Air Force Personnel 6. TITLE OF MATERIAL TO BE PUBLISHED OR PRESENTED: Diabetes in Combat: E

  9. Investigating the Respiratory Health of Deployed Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    emphysema (1% vs. 1%) and asthma (1% vs. 1%) observed. The authors suggested that specifi c exposures rather than deployment may be a determinant of...of chronic pulmonary diagnoses to include asthma , emphysema , chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchiectasis, sarcoidosis...mod- est correlation in self-reported symptoms of asthma and bron- chitis in a cohort of 1,560 veterans based on oil fi re proximity, but the fi

  10. Effects of Deployments on Spouses of Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-01

    and Rees , 2000). However, a spouse may find it difficult to remain in the labor force when a husband is gone for a deployment. Most child care...and Ray Rees . Household production, full consumption and the costs of children. Sydney: Faculty of Law, University of Sydney, 2000. Beth J. Asch, James...Army Medical Research Center: Heidelberg, Germany, 2000. Ann H. Huffman, Amy B. Adler, Carol A. Dolan, Jeffrey L. Thomas, and Carl A. Castro. Impact of

  11. Prevalence of contraindications to mefloquine use among USA military personnel deployed to Afghanistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietrusiak Paul P

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mefloquine has historically been considered safe and well-tolerated for long-term malaria chemoprophylaxis, but its prescribing requires careful attention to rule out contraindications to its use, including a history of certain psychiatric and neurological disorders. The prevalence of these disorders has not been defined in cohorts of U.S. military personnel deployed to areas where long-term malaria chemoprophylaxis is indicated. Methods Military medical surveillance and pharmacosurveillance databases were utilized to identify contraindications to mefloquine use among a cohort of 11,725 active duty U.S. military personnel recently deployed to Afghanistan. Results A total of 9.6% of the cohort had evidence of a contraindication. Females were more than twice as likely as males to have a contraindication (OR = 2.48, P Conclusion These findings underscore the importance of proper systematic screening prior to prescribing and dispensing mefloquine, and the need to provide alternatives to mefloquine suitable for long-term administration among deployed U.S. military personnel.

  12. Missed opportunity to screen and diagnose PTSD and depression among deploying shipboard US military personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Braden R.; Michael, Nelson L.; Scott, Paul T.

    2016-01-01

    Background Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are significant risks for suicide and other adverse events among US military personnel, but prevalence data among ship-assigned personnel at the onset of deployment are unknown. Aims To determine the prevalence of shipboard personnel who screen positive for PTSD and/or major depressive disorder (MDD) at the onset of deployment, and also those who reported these diagnoses made by a physician or healthcare professional in the year prior to deployment. Method Active-duty ship-assigned personnel (N = 2078) completed anonymous assessments at the beginning of deployment. Depression was measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D; score of ≥22), and PTSD was assessed using the PTSD Checklist–Civilian Version (PCL-C; both score and symptom criteria were used). Results In total, 7.3% (n = 151 of 2076) screened positive for PTSD and 22% (n = 461 of 2078) for MDD at deployment onset. Only 6% and 15% of those who screened positive for PTSD or MDD, respectively, had been diagnosed by a healthcare professional in the past year. Conclusions Missed opportunities for mental healthcare among screen-positive shipboard personnel reduce the benefits associated with early identification and linkage to care. Improved methods of mental health screening that promote early recognition and referral to care may mitigate psychiatric events in theatre. Declaration of interest This work was performed as part of the official duties of the authors as military service members or employees of the US Government. Copyright and usage This work was prepared by military service members or employees of the US Government as part of their official duties. As such, copyright protection is not available for this work (Title 17, USC, §105). PMID:27713833

  13. Malaria in British military personnel deployed to Sierra Leone: a case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quantick, Oliver; Howlett-Shipley, R; Roughton, S; Ross, D

    2017-02-01

    From December 2014 to April 2015, seven cases of malaria were seen in 1530 military personnel deployed to Sierra Leone on Operation GRITROCK in response to the West African Ebola outbreak, despite predeployment briefings, prescription of chemoprophylactic agents and bite prevention measures. The cases have prompted discussion regarding the efficacy of current measures and how to prevent future cases in deployed military personnel or more widely, those working in malaria-risk environments. All of the cases have made a full recovery and returned to work. We discuss what can be learnt concerning the choice of chemoprophylactic agent and whether anything further be added to standard operating procedures regarding bite prevention and treatment of cases.

  14. Bodybuilding, energy, and weight-loss supplements are associated with deployment and physical activity in U.S. military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, Isabel G; Horton, Jaime L; Smith, Besa; Wells, Timothy S; Boyko, Edward J; Lieberman, Harris R; Ryan, Margaret A K; Smith, Tyler C

    2012-05-01

    The characteristics of U.S. military personnel who use dietary supplements have not been well described. This study aimed to determine whether deployment experience and physical activity were associated with the use of bodybuilding, energy, or weight-loss supplement among U.S. military personnel. Self-reported data from active-duty, Reserve, and National Guard participants of the Millennium Cohort Study collected from 2007-2008 (n = 106,698) on supplement use, physical activity, and other behavioral data were linked with deployment and demographic data. We used multivariable logistic regression sex-stratified models to compare the adjusted odds of each type of supplement use among those with deployment experience in support of operations in Iraq or Afghanistan and those engaged in aerobic or strength-training activities. Overall, 46.7% of participants reported using at least one type of supplement, and 22.0% reported using multiple supplements. Male deployers were more likely to use bodybuilding supplements, whereas female deployers were more likely to use weight-loss supplements. Physically active and younger subjects reported all types of supplement use. Men and women reporting 5 or less hours of sleep per night were more likely to use energy supplements. The high prevalence of supplement use and important characteristics found to be associated with their use, including deployment, physical activity, and suboptimal sleep, suggest focus areas for future research and adverse event monitoring. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Decompressive craniectomy and cranioplasty: experience and outcomes in deployed UK military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, S A G; Toman, E; Belli, A; Midwinter, M J

    2016-10-01

    In recent conflicts, many UK personnel sustained head injuries requiring damage-control surgery and aeromedical transfer to the UK. This study aims to examine indications, complications and outcomes of UK military casualties undergoing craniectomy and cranioplasty from conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. The UK military Joint Theatre Trauma Registry (JTTR) was searched for all UK survivors in Afghanistan and Iraq between 2004 and 2014 requiring craniectomy and cranioplasty resulting from trauma. Fourteen decompressive craniectomies and cranioplasties were performed with blast and gunshot wounds equally responsible for head injury. Ten survivors (71%) had an Injury Severity Score (ISS) of 75, normally designated as 'unsurvivable'. Most were operated on the day of injury. Seventy-one percent received a reverse question mark incision and 7% received a bicoronal incision. Seventy-nine percent had bone flaps discarded. Overall infection rate was 43%. Acinetobacter spp was the causative organism in 50% of cases. Median Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) at final follow-up was 4. All casualties had a GOS score greater than 3. Timely neurosurgical intervention is imperative for military personnel given high survival rates in those sustaining what are designated 'un-survivable' injuries. Early decompression facilitates safe aeromedical evacuation of casualties. Excellent outcomes validate the UK military trauma system and the stepwise performance gains throughout recent conflicts however trauma registers most evolving to have specific relevance to military casualties. In high-energy trauma with contamination and soft-tissue destruction, surgery should be conducted with regard for future soft tissue reconstruction. Bone flaps should be discarded and cranioplasty performed according to local preference. Facilities receiving military casualties should have specialist microbiological input mindful of the difficulties treating unusual microbes.

  16. Distress, support, and relationship satisfaction during military-induced separations: a longitudinal study among spouses of Dutch deployed military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andres, Manon

    2014-02-01

    The aim of this study was to examine (a) how life stress, work-family conflict, social support, psychological distress, and relationship satisfaction develop over the course of military-induced separations; (b) what best predicts relationship satisfaction after being separated for several months; and (c) whether the effects were mediated by spousal interaction. Longitudinal data were collected among 153 spouses of Dutch military personnel before, during, and after military-induced separations. Analyses demonstrated a significant decrease in relationship satisfaction, psychological distress, and social support over time. Controlling for predeployment levels of relationship satisfaction, work-family conflict, social support, psychological distress, and spousal interaction made significant contributions to the explanation of relationship satisfaction after military-induced separations. However, the effects on relationships varied for each stage of the work-related spousal separation. Hence, clinical implications for psychological service delivery suggested by these findings are impacted by the stage of the work-related spousal separation. Specifically, before the separation, services might focus upon balancing work and family demands; during the separation, services that facilitate building networks are important; and finally, communication remains the key service focus upon reunion.

  17. Innovative technologies targeting vector populations to mitigate the risk of exposure to leishmaniasis and protect deployed U.S. Military personnel in the Middle East

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phlebotomine sand flies, including Phlebotomus papatasi, are blood feeders and vectors of significant public health importance because they transmit Leishmania spp., which cause leishmaniasis. Deployed U.S. Military personnel in the Middle East suffer from sand fly bites and are at risk of contracti...

  18. Evaluation of insecticides and repellents for the control of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi to protect deployed U.S. Military personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phlebotomine sand flies, including Phlebotomus papatasi, are important blood feeders and vectors that transmit the disease agents (Leishmania) that cause Leishmaniasis. Deployed U.S. Military Personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan suffered from sand fly bites and the disease they transmit. A USDA-DoD joi...

  19. Cytokine production by leukocytes of military personnel with depressive symptoms after deployment to a combat-zone: a prospective, longitudinal study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjam van Zuiden

    Full Text Available Major depressive disorder (MDD is frequently diagnosed in military personnel returning from deployment. Literature suggests that MDD is associated with a pro-inflammatory state. To the best of our knowledge, no prospective, longitudinal studies on the association between development of depressive symptomatology and cytokine production by peripheral blood leukocytes have been published. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the presence of depressive symptomatology six months after military deployment is associated with the capacity to produce cytokines, as assessed before and after deployment. 1023 military personnel were included before deployment. Depressive symptoms and LPS- and T-cell mitogen-induced production of 16 cytokines and chemokines in whole blood cultures were measured before (T0, 1 (T1, and 6 (T2 months after return from deployment. Exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM was used for data reduction into cytokine patterns. Multiple group latent growth modeling was used to investigate differences in the longitudinal course of cytokine production between individuals with (n = 68 and without (n = 665 depressive symptoms at T2. Individuals with depressive symptoms after deployment showed higher T-cell cytokine production before deployment. Moreover, pre-deployment T-cell cytokine production significantly predicted the presence of depressive symptomatology 6 months after return. There was an increase in T-cell cytokine production over time, but this increase was significantly smaller in individuals developing depressive symptoms. T-cell chemokine and LPS-induced innate cytokine production decreased over time and were not associated with depressive symptoms. These results indicate that increased T-cell mitogen-induced cytokine production before deployment may be a vulnerability factor for development of depressive symptomatology in response to deployment to a combat-zone. In addition, deployment to a combat

  20. Mild traumatic brain injury and suicide risk among a clinical sample of deployed military personnel: Evidence for a serial mediation model of anger and depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, Ian H; Joiner, Thomas E; Bryan, Craig J

    2017-01-01

    Research has demonstrated a robust link between traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and suicide risk. Yet, few studies have investigated factors that account for this link. Utilizing a clinical sample of deployed military personnel, this study aimed to examine a serial meditation model of anger and depression in the association of mild TBI and suicide risk. A total of 149 military service members referred for evaluation/treatment of a suspected head injury at a military hospital participated in the present study (92.6% male; Mage = 27.9y). Self-report measures included the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R), Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) anger and depression subscales, and Behavioral Health Measure-20 depression subscale. A current mild TBI diagnosis was confirmed by a licensed clinical psychologist/physician. Overall, 84.6% (126/149) of participants met diagnostic criteria for a current mild TBI. Bootstrapped serial mediation analyses indicated that the association of mild TBI and suicide risk is serially mediated by anger and depression symptoms (bias-corrected 95% confidence interval [CI] for the indirect effect = 0.044, 0.576). An alternate serial mediation model in which depression symptoms precede anger was not statistically significant (bias-corrected 95% CI for the indirect effect = -0.405, 0.050). Among a clinical sample of military personnel, increased anger and depression statistically mediated the association of mild TBI and suicide risk, and anger appears to precede depression in this pathway. Findings suggest that therapeutically targeting anger may serve to thwart the trajectory to suicide risk among military personnel who experience a mild TBI. Future research should investigate this conjecture within a prospective design to establish temporality. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Prevalence of mental health symptoms in Dutch military personnel returning from deployment to Afghanistan : A 2-year longitudinal analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reijnen, A.; Rademaker, A. R.; Vermetten, E.; Geuze, E.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Recent studies in troops deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan have shown that combat exposure and exposure to deployment-related stressors increase the risk for the development of mental health symptoms. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of mental health symptoms in a cohort

  2. Newly Reported Respiratory Symptoms and Conditions Among Military Personnel Deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: A Prospective Population-Based Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    of breath), 2) chronic bronchitis or emphysema , and 3) asthma . Deployers had a higher rate of newly reported respiratory symptoms than nondeployers (14...vs. 10%), while similar rates of chronic bronchitis or emphysema (1% vs. 1%) and asthma (1% vs. 1%) were observed. Deployment was associated with...respiratory outcomes: 1) respiratory symptoms (persistent or recurring cough or shortness of breath), 2) chronic bronchitis or emphysema , and 3) asthma

  3. Travelers’ Diarrhea Diagnosis and Therapy Study in United States Military Personnel on Short-Term Deployment in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    conjunctivitis, and urethritis triad) and ankylosing spondylitis have estimated increased risks of 37- and 126-fold, respectively. The hemolytic uremic...Table 1. Population characteristics among U.S. military presenting with acute diarrhea during training exercises in Thailand...ON TRAINING EXERCISES IN THAILAND, A CAMPYLOBACTER HYPERENDEMIC REGION .................................................. 137 ABSTRACT

  4. Stress exposure and the risk for the onset of alcohol use disorders and nicotine dependence in deployed military personnel: the role of prior internalizing disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trautmann, Sebastian; Schönfeld, Sabine; Behrendt, Silke; Heinrich, Anke; Höfler, Michael; Siegel, Stefan; Zimmermann, Peter; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich

    2015-04-01

    This prospective study aimed to investigate whether prior internalizing disorders (PIDs) moderate the relationship between stress exposure (SE) and the onset of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and nicotine dependence (ND) in deployed military personnel. 358 male soldiers were examined directly before and 12months after return from deployment using standardized interviews. Combat experiences, concerns about family disruptions, and difficult living and working environment were assessed as different aspects of SE. PID diagnoses (mood disorders (PMDs), anxiety disorders (PADs)) and substance use disorders were defined according to the DSM-IV-TR. PMDs were related to a stronger association between concerns about family disruptions and the risk of AUD onset (OR=7.7, 95% CI 1.8-32.8, p=0.006). The number of PID diagnoses (OR per diagnosis: 1.7, 95% CI 1.0-2.8, p=0.036) and PADs (OR: 2.6, 95% CI 1.1-6.3, p=0.038) were further related to a stronger association between difficult living and working environment and the risk of AUD onset. With regard to ND, PMDs were related to a weaker association between difficult living and working environment and the risk of ND onset (OR=0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.8, p=0.013). PIDs might be related to an increased risk for the onset of AUDs but not ND following SE. This effect is probably restricted to specific constellations of PADs, PMDs, comorbid PIDs and specific aspects of SE. These critical constellations of PIDs and SE might be a promising target for future research and could contribute to the development of preventive measures to reduce the risk of AUDs following SE. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Contact dermatitis in military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dever, Tara T; Walters, Michelle; Jacob, Sharon

    2011-01-01

    Military personnel encounter the same allergens and irritants as their civilian counterparts and are just as likely to develop contact dermatitis from common exposures encountered in everyday life. In addition, they face some unique exposures that can be difficult to avoid owing to their occupational duties. Contact dermatitis can be detrimental to a military member's career if he or she is unable to perform core duties or avoid the inciting substances. An uncontrolled contact dermatitis can result in the member's being placed on limited-duty (ie, nondeployable) status, needing a job or rate change, or separation from military service. We present some common causes of contact dermatitis in military personnel worldwide and some novel sources of contact dermatitis in this population that may not be intuitive.

  6. A NATO Guide for Assessing Deployability for Military Personnel with Medical Conditions (Guide OTAN d’evaluation de l’aptitude medicale a la projection du personnel militaire)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Drugs OCD Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder PASI Psoriasis Area and Severity Index PE Pulmonary Embolism PEF Peak Expiratory Flow PHA Periodic...Response Modifiers (e.g. immunomodulators); OR • Antineoplastics (oncologic or non-oncologic use). This includes anti-metabolites, such as methotrexate...occupational) and the potential for deterioration or recurrence of symptoms during a deployment; OR • Significant (i.e. significant = Axis I; to include drug

  7. Third molar-related morbidity in deployed Service personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combes, J; McColl, E; Cross, B; McCormick, R J

    2010-08-28

    The minimisation of disease and non-battle injury (DNBI) is essential for maintaining efficiency in a fighting force. Third molar-related morbidity is a common cause of DNBI. With extended lines of communication in current military deployments, travelling for dental care is often subject to significant danger. Military dental officers in Afghanistan and Iraq recorded data on patients presenting with third molar pathology. Related previous history was obtained from the individual and from the military dental records. Three hundred and three individuals presented during the 23 month study period; 27.7% were unable to access care immediately, most commonly citing work pressure or lack of safe transport. Of those needing to travel, 70% were moved by helicopter. Pericoronitis was diagnosed in 84.4% of cases, 20.6% of these teeth being extracted; 53.5% of patients reported no prior symptoms, 22.7% with two or more episodes. There was documented evidence in military dental records of previous problems in 29.2% of cases. 11.3% had previously been listed for extraction of the presenting tooth. Dental treatment for troops in combat situations is fraught with difficulty. Special consideration must be given to the management of third molars in military personnel.

  8. Sleep disorders in US military personnel: a high rate of comorbid insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mysliwiec, Vincent; Gill, Jessica; Lee, Hyunhwa; Baxter, Tristin; Pierce, Roslyn; Barr, Taura L; Krakow, Barry; Roth, Bernard J

    2013-01-01

    .... The objective of our study was to determine the presence of sleep disorders in US military personnel referred for evaluation of sleep disturbances after deployment and examine associations between...

  9. Spinal injuries in United States military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: an epidemiological investigation involving 7877 combat casualties from 2005 to 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenfeld, Andrew J; Laughlin, Matthew D; McCriskin, Brendan J; Bader, Julia O; Waterman, Brian R; Belmont, Philip J

    2013-09-15

    Retrospective analysis of a prospective data set. Determine the incidence and epidemiology of combat-related spinal injuries for the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Recent studies have identified a marked increase in the rate of combat-related spine trauma among casualties in Afghanistan and Iraq. Limitations in these previous works, however, limit their capacity for generalization. A manual search of casualty records stored in the Department of Defense Trauma Registry was performed for the years 2005 to 2009. Demographic information, nature of spinal wounding, injury mechanism, concomitant injuries, year, and location of injury were recorded for all soldiers identified as having sustained combat-related spine trauma. Incidence rates were constructed by comparing the frequencies of spine casualties against defense manpower deployment data. Multivariate Poisson regression was used to identify statistically significant factors associated with spinal injury. In the years 2005 to 2009, 872 (11.1%) casualties with spine injuries were identified among a total of 7877 combat wounded. The mean age of spine casualties was 26.6 years. Spine fractures were the most common injury morphology, comprising 83% of all spinal wounds. The incidence of combat-related spinal trauma was 4.4 per 10,000, whereas that of spine fractures was 4.0 per 10,000. Spinal cord injuries occurred at a rate of 4.0 per 100,000. Spinal cord injuries were most likely to occur in Afghanistan (incident rate ratio: 1.96; 95% confidence interval: 1.68-2.28), among Army personnel (incident rate ratio: 16.85; 95% confidence interval: 8.39-33.84), and in the year 2007 (incident rate ratio: 1.90; 95% confidence interval: 1.55-2.32). Spinal injuries from gunshot were significantly more likely to occur in Iraq (17%) than in Afghanistan (10%, P = 0.02). The incidence of spine trauma in modern warfare exceeds reported rates from earlier conflicts. The study design and population size may enhance the capacity for

  10. Effects of deployment on health behaviours in military forces: A review of longitudinal studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Pietrzak

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Earlier studies indicating that operational deployment affects health behaviours among military personnel and veterans generally lacked final conclusiveness due to cross-sectional or retrospective design. Aim: The aim of this study is to review longitudinal studies investigating whether military service, in particular operational deployment, affects health behaviours, specifically alcohol misuse, smoking, eating disorders and obesity. Methods: A MEDLINE database search was performed, using relevant keywords and MESH terms. The US Millennium Cohort study website was used to obtain the list of relevant publications. Only studies with prospective longitudinal cohort design, conducted on military or veteran populations of developed countries serving after the Vietnam War and investigating health behaviours and health markers such as excessive drinking, smoking, disordered eating and body weight were included. Results: Six studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria, three that resulted from the US Millennium Cohort study and three that investigated other military populations. Deployment with combat exposure was the most significant factor affecting health behaviours of military personnel. Excessive drinking among US military personnel increased significantly in those deployed that were exposed to combat, especially among Reserve and National Guard members and in the youngest age groups, but was not affected by deployment without combat exposure. Among British military personnel, total alcohol consumption increased with time, was higher for those deployed compared to non-deployed, and highest in those who experienced war related stress. Smoking in the US military increased among those deployed, particularly among those with prolonged and multiple deployments or with combat exposure. Among British military personnel, smoking rates declined. Body weight increased for the majority of US military personnel, but disordered eating was reported

  11. An information system for Korean military personnel management

    OpenAIRE

    Bak, Gwang U.; Kim, Chong-hun

    1982-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited A personnel information systems is designed for the management of Korean military officer personnel. The objective of this thesis is to apply the computer-based personnel information system in the area of military officer personnel management. Personnel systems of the Korean military are defined, and input/output requirements of the system are states. A data base for the personnel system requirement is formulated. A personnel infor...

  12. Newly Reported Hypertension after Military Combat: Deployment in a Large Population-based Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    Hypertension. 2009;54:966-973.) Key Words: hypertension incidence stressful events cohort studies military personnel Military deployment may...hypertension have been identified in other prospective cohort studies .25,26 Physical activity is especially important in promoting cardiovascular benefits

  13. The Full Cost of Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    enlisted member for each Service  This may not accurately reflect marginal cost  Variation in mix of ranks. A rifle company is relatively cheap...keep people with marketable skills 4 Indirect military personnel costs are high ($M 2007) Medical Support 8,029 Schools for Dependents 1,586...hand  Indirect costs are important  Personnel cost much more than is generally recognized  Much of the cost is deferred  Some is not in the DoD

  14. Medical Fitness for Expeditionary Missions: A NATO Guide for Assessing Deployability for Military Personnel with Medical Conditions. Task Group 174, Human Factors and Medicine Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    Organization NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs OCD Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder PASI Psoriasis Area & Severity Index PE Pulmonary embolism PEF... Antineoplastics (oncologic or non-oncologic use). This includes antimetabolites, such as methotrexate, hydroxyurea, mercaptopurine, etc. 3.2.5 Ear...deterioration or recurrence of symptoms during a deployment; OR  Significant (i.e. significant = Axis I; to include drug dependency) psychiatric co-morbidity

  15. Military Officer Personnel Management: Key Concepts and Statutory Provisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-10

    Military Officer Personnel Management : Key Concepts and Statutory Provisions Lawrence Kapp Specialist in Military Manpower Policy May 10......Congressional Research Service Summary Congress and the executive branch are currently considering changes to the officer personnel management system

  16. Reintegration Difficulty of Military Couples Following Deployment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-01

    characteristics, and difficulty with reintegration . Our recruitment procedures were so successful that we are working to double our sample to take...AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-2-0131 TITLE: Reintegration Difficulty of Military Couples Following Deployment PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Leanne K...TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE July 2015 2. REPORT TYPE Annual 3. DATES COVERED 1July2014 - 30June2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Reintegration

  17. Reintegration Difficulty of Military Couples Following Deployment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    data from a fairly large and geographically dispersed cohort, but it prevented us from probing people’s answers. Interview procedures such as the ones...2010), then our data may understate the issues military couples face during their first deployment. Future work should seek more heterogeneous ...Valdez, Geena Wakeley, and Lauren Whalley for their help with recruitment and coding. Funding This research was supported by a seed grant from the

  18. On Return from Peacekeeping: A review of current research on psychological well-being in military personnel returning from operational deployment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Brounéus

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The number and size of UN and Allied peacekeeping deployments[1] have increased dramatically since the end of the Cold War [1], as have the budgets that support them. The UN budgeted 7.23 billion USD for the 2012-2013 fiscal year for UN Peacekeeping operations.[2] An explanation for this increase is likely to be found in two global trends seen in armed conflict in recent years: first, that nearly all wars in the world today are fought within countries, and second, the unprecedented rise in peace agreements as a means to end conflict [2]. Both of these factors present new challenges for peace-building as former enemies must continue living side by side when the conflict has ended, in a continuous negotiation for peace. Research suggests that international peace support operations indeed have the potential to improve the chances for preventing further conflict. In the first global, quantitative analysis on the effect of peacekeeping operations (PKOs, Doyle and Sambanis found a significant and substantial effect of peacekeepers on peacebuilding two years post conflict [3]. This finding is similar to later studies. For example, Fortna demonstrated that the risk of further conflict drops by 75%–85% with the presence of a PKO [4, 5]. Other research has found that PKOs limit the temporal and spatial contagion of conflict [6], and can also have a preventive effect, reducing the risk of genocidal violence [7]. However, recent research has also found that peacekeeping operations in settings where there is not yet peace or stability, such as Afghanistan, may entail the risk of spurring violence against civilians by rebel groups if the deployment does not have an explicit mandate to protect civilians [8]. Similarly, when looking at other definitions of success aside from the prevention of further conflict, such as meeting the goals of the mandate, or establishing basic democracy and stability – a governance goal for most current deployments – the

  19. Outcome after vascular trauma in a deployed military trauma system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stannard, A; Brown, K; Benson, C; Clasper, J; Midwinter, M; Tai, N R

    2011-02-01

    Military injuries to named blood vessels are complex limb- and life-threatening wounds that pose significant difficulties in prehospital and surgical management. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive description of the epidemiology, treatment and outcome of vascular injury among service personnel deployed on operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Data from the British Joint Theatre Trauma Registry were combined with hospital records to review all cases of vascular trauma in deployed service personnel over a 5-year interval ending in January 2008. Of 1203 injured service personnel, 110 sustained injuries to named vessels; 66 of them died before any surgical intervention. All 25 patients who sustained an injury to a named vessel in the abdomen or thorax died; 24 did not survive to undergo surgery and one casualty in extremis underwent a thoracotomy, but died. Six of 17 patients with cervical vascular injuries survived to surgical intervention; two died after surgery. Of 76 patients with extremity vascular injuries, 37 survived to surgery with one postoperative death. Interventions on 38 limbs included 19 damage control procedures (15 primary amputations, 4 vessel ligations) and 19 definitive limb revascularization procedures (11 interposition vein grafts, 8 direct repairs), four of which failed necessitating three amputations. In operable patients with extremity injury, amputation or ligation is often required for damage control and preservation of life. Favourable limb salvage rates are achievable in casualties able to withstand revascularization. Despite marked progress in contemporary battlefield trauma care, torso vascular injury is usually not amenable to surgical intervention.

  20. Influence of Spirituality on Depression, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Suicidality in Active Duty Military Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurel L. Hourani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the role of spirituality as a potential coping mechanism for military personnel is important given growing concern about the mental health issues of personnel returning from war. This study seeks to determine the extent to which spirituality is associated with selected mental health problems among active duty military personnel and whether it moderates the relationship between combat exposure/deployment and (a depression, (b posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, and (c suicidality in active duty military personnel. Data were drawn from the 2008 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors Among Active Duty Military Personnel. Over 24,000 randomly selected active duty personnel worldwide completed an anonymous self-report questionnaire. High spirituality had a significant protective effect only for depression symptoms. Medium, as opposed to high or low, levels of spirituality buffered each of the mental health outcomes to some degree. Medium and low spirituality levels predicted depression symptoms but only among those with moderate combat exposure. Medium spirituality levels also predicted PTSD symptoms among those with moderate levels of combat exposure and predicted self-reported suicidal ideation/attempt among those never deployed. These results point to the complex relationship between spirituality and mental health, particularly among military personnel and the need for further research.

  1. Severe Neuropsychiatric Reaction in a Deployed Military Member after Prophylactic Mefloquine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan L. Peterson

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies of military personnel who have deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan have reported a number of combat-related psychiatric disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and traumatic brain injury. This case report involves a 27-year-old male active-duty US military service member who developed severe depression, psychotic hallucinations, and neuropsychological sequelae following the prophylactic use of the antimalarial medication mefloquine hydrochloride. The patient had a recent history of depression and was taking antidepressant medications at the time of his deployment to the Middle East. Psychiatrists and other health care providers should be aware of the possible neuropsychiatric side effects of mefloquine in deployed military personnel and should consider the use of other medications for malaria prophylaxis in those individuals who may be at increased risk for side effects.

  2. The effect of military deployment on mental health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie; Weatherall, Cecilie Dohlmann; W. Jepsen, Peter

    In this paper we estimate the causal effect of military deployment on soldiers’ mental health. To handle the selection bias problem, we use longitudinal data for deployed and non-deployed eligible men in a difference-in-differences setting. Using pair-wise matching, we impute deployment dates...... for important variables like intelligence tests and family background. We find significant adverse effects of military deployment on soldiers’ mental health service use. Highlights: - Causal effect of military deployment on soldiers’ use of mental health service - Using a difference-in-differences approach...... - First evidence relying on administrative records of measures of mental health service use - Significant adverse effects of military deployment on soldiers’ mental health service use....

  3. The effect of military deployment on mental health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie; Weatherall, Cecilie Dohlmann; W. Jepsen, Peter

    In this paper we estimate the causal effect of military deployment on soldiers’ mental health. To handle the selection bias problem, we use longitudinal data for deployed and non-deployed eligible men in a difference-in-differences setting. Using pair-wise matching, we impute deployment dates...... for important variables like intelligence tests and family background. We find significant adverse effects of military deployment on soldiers’ mental health service use. Highlights: - Causal effect of military deployment on soldiers’ use of mental health service - Using a difference-in-differences approach...... - First evidence relying on administrative records of measures of mental health service use - Significant adverse effects of military deployment on soldiers’ mental health service use....

  4. Educators Supporting Families in Times of Crisis: Military Reserve Deployments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Judy; Vannest, Kimberly J.

    2008-01-01

    With the large number of National Guard members and reservists being deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, public educators find themselves endeavoring to support the emotional and academic needs of military children and their families. Military children may exhibit behavioral and emotional difficulties during these deployments. Educator awareness of…

  5. Effects of deployment on mental health in modern military forces: A review of longitudinal studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Nasveld

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Background. Earlier studies presenting evidence that operational deployment negatively affects mental health outcomes among military personnel and veterans generally have lacked conclusiveness, largely because of cross-sectional or retrospective design. Purpose. To review longitudinal studies investigating mental health outcomes of military personnel deployed in recent conflicts. Methods. MEDLINE database was searched using relevant keywords and MESH terms. The US Millennium Cohort study website was used to obtain the list of relevant publications. Only prospective longitudinal cohort studies investigating mental health outcomes in deployed post Vietnam era military or veteran populations of developed countries were included. Results. Eighteen studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Adverse effects included the increased incidence of post-deployment PTSD and depression. Individuals with the lowest functional scores and those exposed to previous traumatic assault were particularly vulnerable to a new onset of PTSD after combat exposure. Factors influencing the incidence of post-deployment PTSD included depression symptoms present during deployment, the presence of stress reaction during combat exposure and reception of associated frontline treatment, and the number of negative life events experienced after the traumatic event. More mental health problems were reported in soldiers returning from Iraq on the second screening conducted several months after their return, compared with the first screening immediately upon their return. Some mental health symptoms (anxiety and depression improved between deployments, while others (PTSD and panic attacks did not improve. CONCLUSION. The results indicate that combat exposure, not deployment in general , had an adverse effect on mental health.

  6. Outbreak of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Peruvian Military Personnel Undertaking Training Activities in the Amazon Basin, 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Oré, Marianela; Sáenz, Eliana; Cabrera, Rufino; Sanchez, Juan F.; De Los Santos, Maxy; Lucas, Carmen M.; Núñez, Jorge; Edgel, Kimberly A.; Sopan, Justino; Fernández, Jorge; Carnero, G, Andres M.; Baldeviano, Christian; Arrasco, Juan C.; Paul C F Graf; Lescano, Andres G.

    2015-01-01

    Article Military personnel deployed to the Amazon Basin are at high risk for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). We responded to an outbreak among Peruvian Army personnel returning from short-term training in the Amazon, conducting active case detection, lesion sample collection, and risk factor assessment. The attack rate was 25% (76/303); the incubation period was 2–36 weeks (median = 8). Most cases had one lesion (66%), primarily ulcerative (49%), and in the legs (57%). Real-time ...

  7. Prevalence and severity of mental disorders in military personnel: a standardised comparison with civilians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trautmann, S; Goodwin, L; Höfler, M; Jacobi, F; Strehle, J; Zimmermann, P; Wittchen, H-U

    2017-04-01

    Provision and need for mental health services among military personnel are a major concern across nations. Two recent comparisons suggest higher rates of mental disorders in US and UK military personnel compared with civilians. However, these findings may not apply to other nations. Previous studies have focused on the overall effects of military service rather than the separate effects of military service and deployment. This study compared German military personnel with and without a history of deployment to sociodemographically matched civilians regarding prevalence and severity of 12-month DSM-IV mental disorders. 1439 deployed soldiers (DS), 779 never deployed soldiers (NS) and 1023 civilians were assessed with an adapted version of the Munich Composite International Diagnostic interview across the same timeframe. Data were weighted using propensity score methodology to assure comparability of the three samples. Compared with adjusted civilians, the prevalence of any 12-month disorder was lower in NS (OR: 0.7, 95% CI: 0.5-0.99) and did not differ in DS. Significant differences between military personnel and civilians regarding prevalence and severity of individual diagnoses were only apparent for alcohol (DS: OR: 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1-0.6; NS: OR: 0.2, 95% CI: 0.1-0.6) and nicotine dependence (DS: OR: 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.6; NS: OR: 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.7) with lower values in both military samples. Elevated rates of panic/agoraphobia (OR: 2.7, 95% CI: 1.4-5.3) and posttraumatic stress disorder (OR: 3.2, 95% CI: 1.3-8.0) were observed in DS with high combat exposure compared with civilians. Rates and severity of mental disorders in the German military are comparable with civilians for internalising and lower for substance use disorders. A higher risk of some disorders is reduced to DS with high combat exposure. This finding has implications for mental health service provision and the need for targeted interventions. Differences to previous US and UK studies that

  8. Military deployment and reintegration: a systematic review of child coping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bello-Utu, Cindy F; DeSocio, Janiece E

    2015-02-01

    Child coping with parent military deployment and family reintegration. A systematic review of research literature was conducted to examine the effects of deployment and family reintegration on children in military families. A search of CINAHL, PubMed, Psyc-INFO, and SocINDEX databases was performed using the terms "military family," "military child," "child coping," "deployment," and "reintegration." The search was limited to publications between 2001 and 2014 to focus on the effects of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND). Twenty-seven research reports met inclusion criteria. Three themes were extracted: A child's coping is influenced by (a) the child's age and development, (b) the mental health and coping of the non-deployed parent during deployment, and the mental health of both parents during family reintegration, and (c) the pre-existing resilience/vulnerability, cumulative risks, and resources of the child and family. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Outbreak of rove beetle (Staphylinid) pustular contact dermatitis in Pakistan among deployed U.S. personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dursteler, Brian B; Nyquist, Robert A

    2004-01-01

    Deployed military personnel are often faced with a variety of exposures unfamiliar to U.S. physicians. This is the first report to describe an outbreak of a pustular disease among U.S. personnel deployed to Pakistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Up to 10% of the base population was afflicted with a pustular eruption and an accompanying halo of erythema. A retrospective chart review and ongoing patient care resulted in 191 cases. Various therapies were used, including "watchful waiting." Gradual resolution occurred with residual area(s) of hypo- or hyperpigmentation. An irritant contact dermatitis was suspected based upon clinical presentation; staphylinid (rove) beetles were implicated. Rove beetle dermatitis from a pederin toxin has occurred in other parts of the world but has not been previously reported in Pakistan. We discuss the nature and progression of the dermatitis, treatments, outcomes, measures to control exposures, and the implications of such outbreaks.

  10. [Current state and prospects of military personnel health monitoring].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezvantsev, M V; Kuznetsov, S M; Ivanov, V V; Zakurdaev, V V

    2014-01-01

    The current article is dedicated to some features of the Russian Federation Armed Forces military personnel health monitoring such as legal and informational provision, methodological basis of functioning, historical aspect of formation and development of the social and hygienic monitoring in the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The term "military personnel health monitoring" is defined as an analytical system of constant and long-term observation, analysis, assessment, studying of factors determined the military personnel health, these factors correlations, health risk factors management in order to minimize them. The current state of the military personnel health monitoring allows coming to the conclusion that the military health system does have forces and resources for state policy of establishing the population health monitoring system implementation. The following directions of the militarily personnel health monitoring improvement are proposed: the Russian Federation Armed Forces medical service record and report system reorganization bringing it closer to the civilian one, implementation of the integrated approach to the medical service informatisation, namely, military personnel health status and medical service resources monitoring. The leading means in this direction are development and introduction of a military serviceman individual health status monitoring system on the basis of a serviceman electronic medical record card. Also it is proposed the current Russian Federation Armed Forces social and hygienic monitoring improvement at the expense of informational interaction between the two subsystems on the basis of unified military medical service space.

  11. PTSD in the military: special considerations for understanding prevalence, pathophysiology and treatment following deployment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Yehuda

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Given the unique context of warzone engagement, which may include chronic threat, multiple and lengthy deployments, and loss, there is a need to understand whether and to what extent knowledge about PTSD derived from studies of civilian trauma exposure is generalizeable to the military. This special issue on PTSD in the military addresses a range of issues and debates related to mental health in military personnel and combat veterans. This article provides an overview of the issues covered in selected contributions that have been assembled for a special volume to consider issues unique to the military. Several leading scholars and military experts have contributed papers regarding: 1 prevalence rates of PTSD and other post-deployment mental health problems in different NATO countries, 2 the search for biomarkers of PTSD and the potential applications of such findings, and 3 prevention and intervention approaches for service members and veterans. The volume includes studies that highlight the divergence in prevalence rates of PTSD and other post-deployment mental health problems across nations and that discuss potential causes and implications. Included studies also provide an overview of research conducted in military or Veteran's Affairs settings, and overarching reviews of military-wide approaches to research, promotion of resilience, and mental health interventions in the Unites States and across NATO and allied ISAF partners.

  12. Detection of Early lung Cancer Among Military Personnel (DECAMP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    Award Number: W81XWH-11-2-0161 TITLE: Detection of Early lung Cancer Among Military Personnel (DECAMP) PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Avrum E. Spira...W81XWH-11-2-0161 Detection of Early lung Cancer Among Military Personnel (DECAMP) 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-11-2-0161 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6...bodily fluids, which may be used for the early detection of lung cancer among military personnel and veterans. Over the course of the fifth year of

  13. Stigma, American military personnel and mental health care: challenges from Iraq and Afghanistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreiber, Michael; McEnany, Geoffry Phillips

    2015-02-01

    Since 2001, more than 2.5 million United States military personnel have been deployed for combat. Over one million have served multiple deployments. Combat generally involved repeated exposure to highly traumatic events. Personnel were also victims of military sexual trauma (MST), a major risk factor for psychiatric illness. Most survivors do not seek or receive mental health care. Stigma is one of the main barriers to that care. To explore the impact of stigma on personnel with psychiatric illness, and suggest some innovative ways to potentially reduce stigma and improve care. Cinahl and PubMed databases were searched from 2001 to 2014. Anonymity, the use of non-stigmatizing language, peer-to-peer, and stigma-reduction programs help military personnel receive mental health care. Technology offers the opportunity for effective and appropriate education and treatment. Although stigma is formidable, several innovative services are available or being developed for military victims of trauma. Commitment of resources for program development and further research to explore which interventions offer the best clinical outcomes are needed to increase efforts to combat stigma and ensure quality care.

  14. Telemedicine deployments within NATO military forces: a data analysis of current and projected capabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, David M; Poropatich, Ronald K

    2008-11-01

    Since the creation of the NATO Telemedicine Expert Panel (now renamed the TMED Expert Team) in 2000, when few nations had deployed telemedicine systems to support military field operations, this group has been encouraging the nations to deploy telemedicine (TMED) in support of their forces, and to write the use of TMED into NATO doctrine. This has been a relatively successful effort, and TMED is increasingly being used within the military medical structures of some NATO and Partnership for Peace nations to provide medical care to deployed military personnel. We report the results of a multinational survey of current and projected availability of various telemedicine modalities within the NATO medical services that are participating in the work of the TMED expert team (ET). Though only a "snapshot in time," and not representing all NATO nations, this is the first attempt to identify both current and planned TMED utilization within the multinational military medical community. Participating nations report that communication systems now in place at the lowest levels of medical support increasingly enable the routine use of Web-based teleconsultation modalities. Teleradiology is now being seen as the de facto standard for imaging support. While a number of nations report they have deployed capabilities for obtaining clinical consultations at a distance, most responding nations do not have a formal organizational structure to control and manage remote consultation and rely on informal clinical relationships (e.g., requesting consults from the deployed clinician's home hospital or from friends). Military electronic health records are in use by only a minority of nations and fewer still are capable of civilian interface. Less common TMED capabilities (e.g., tele-microbiology, tele-pathology, tele-medical maintenance) are being increasingly used, but are still rarely deployed. As a result of the findings of this survey, specific recommendations for expanding the use of

  15. Hearing Loss Associated with US Military Combat Deployment

    Science.gov (United States)

    To define the risk of hearing loss among military members in relation to their deployment experiences, data were drawn from the Millennium Cohort...reported new-onset hearing loss . Self-reported hearing loss showed moderate to substantial agreement (k = 0.57-0.69) with objective audiometric measures...New-onset hearing loss was associated with combat deployment (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.49-1.77). Among

  16. Parental Deployment, Adolescent Academic and Social-Behavioral Maladjustment, and Parental Psychological Well-being in Military Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicosia, Nancy; Wong, Elizabeth; Shier, Victoria; Massachi, Samira; Datar, Ashlesha

    Increases in the frequency and length of military deployments have raised concerns about the well-being of military families. We examined the relationship between a military parent's deployment and (1) adolescent academic and social-behavioral maladjustment and (2) parental psychological well-being. We collected data from April 2013 through January 2014 from 1021 families of enlisted US Army personnel with children aged 12 or 13 during the Military Teenagers' Environments, Exercise, and Nutrition Study. Through online parent surveys, we collected data on deployment, adolescent academic and social-behavioral maladjustment, and parental psychological well-being. We estimated adjusted logistic and linear regression models for adolescents (all, boys, girls), military parents (all, fathers, mothers), and civilian parents. Compared with no or short deployments, long deployments (>180 days in the past 3 years) were associated with significantly higher odds of decreases in adolescent academic performance (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.54), independence (AOR = 2.04), and being responsible (AOR = 1.95). These associations were also significant for boys but not for girls. Among parents, long deployments were associated with significantly higher odds of being depressed (AOR = 2.58), even when controlling for adolescent maladjustment (AOR = 2.54). These associations did not differ significantly between military and civilian parents and were significant for military fathers but not military mothers. Recent deployment (in the past 12 months) was not associated with either adolescent or parent outcomes. Long deployments are associated with adolescents' academic and social-behavioral maladjustments and diminished parental well-being, especially among boys and military fathers.

  17. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of TST Conversion Risk in Deployed Military and Long-Term Civilian Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    TB infec- tion risk in travelers and deployed military personnel. The three databases of PubMed Medline, Current Contents Connect, and EMBASE were...34Travel"[Majr], EMBASE -’tuberculosis’/mj and ’travel’/mj and [english]/lim and [humans]/lim and [ embase ]/lim, Cur- rent Contents Connect

  18. Alcohol use in a military population deployed in combat areas: a cross sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanwella Raveen

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Alcohol misuse is more prevalent among military populations. Association between PTSD and heavy drinking have been reported in many studies. Most of the studies on alcohol use among military personnel are from US and UK. Aim of this study is to describe alcohol consumption patterns among military personnel in Sri Lanka, a country where the alcohol consumption among the general population are very different to that in US and UK. Methods Cross sectional study consisting of representative samples of Sri Lanka Navy Special Forces and regular forces deployed in combat areas continuously during a one year period was carried out. Data was collected using a self report questionnaire. Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT was used to assess alcohol consumption. Results Sample consisted of 259 Special Forces and 412 regular navy personnel. The median AUDIT score was 2.0 (interquartile range 6.0. Prevalence of current drinking was 71.2 %. Of the current users 54.81 % were infrequent users (frequency ≤ once a month while 37.87 % of users consumed 2–4 times a month. Prevalence of hazardous drinking (AUDIT ≥ 8 was 16.69 % and binge drinking 14.01 %. Five (0.75 % had AUDIT total ≥20. There was no significant difference between Special Forces and regular forces in hazardous drinking or binge drinking. Total AUDIT score ≥16 were associated with difficulty performing work. Conclusions High rates of hazardous drinking and binge drinking described among military personnel in US and UK were not seen among SLN personnel deployed in combat areas. This finding contrasts with previously reported association between combat exposure and hazardous alcohol use among military personnel. Alcohol use among military personnel may be significantly influenced by alcohol consumption patterns among the general population, access to alcohol and attitudes about alcohol use. Similar to findings from other countries, heavy

  19. Adverse Effects of Tobacco Use in Deployed Military Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    Tobacco Use in Deployed Military Units RTO-MP-HFM-181 P9 - 3 performance 30 , and that it is associated with hypercholesterolemia 31 and higher...smokeless tobacco, cigarette smoking, and hypercholesterolemia . American Journal of Public Health, 79, 1048 – 1050 32 Bolinder, G., & De Faire, U

  20. Helmet-induced headache among Danish military personnel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahmani, Zakia; Kochanek, Aneta; Astrup, Jesper Johnsen

    2017-01-01

    AIMS: External compression headache is defined as a headache caused by an external physical compression applied on the head. It affects about 4% of the general population; however, certain populations (e.g. construction workers and military personnel) with particular needs of headwear or helmet...... are at higher risk of developing this type of headache. External compression headache is poorly studied in relation to specific populations. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and pattern of helmet-induced external compression headache among Danish military personnel of the Northern Jutland region...... in Denmark. METHODS: Data acquisition was based on a custom-made questionnaire delivered to volunteers who used helmets in the Danish military service and who agreed to participate in this study. The military of the Northern Jutland region of Denmark facilitated recruitment of the participants...

  1. The effect of military deployment on mental health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vincent, Stéphanie; Weatherall, Cecilie Dohlmann; W. Jepsen, Peter

    2016-01-01

    on specific diagnoses such as PTSD. Another challenge is that the differences between soldiers and non-soldiers are not necessarily causal, instead possibly reflecting an underlying propensity towards active military service. Using the objective measures of hospitalizations and the purchase of mental health...... medication, this paper is the first to investigate the effect of recent military deployments on a broader measure of mental health, for a full population of Danish soldiers and a comparison group of eligible men. We exploit a panel of Danish health administrative records and use propensity score matching...... for time trends and other omitted variables affecting both groups. Overall, we find a significant and long-lasting adverse effect of military deployment on soldiers’ mental health, regardless of the comparison groups and underlying assumptions....

  2. Fear of radiation in U.S. military medical personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastel, R H; Mulvaney, J

    2001-12-01

    The fear of radiation, even low-level radiation, could significantly impair military operations. To measure knowledge of and attitudes toward radiation, the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute developed a questionnaire that military medical personnel completed both before and after the 3-day Medical Effects of Ionizing Radiation (MEIR) course. Findings included a positive correlation between the resulting increased knowledge and more positive attitudes. No gender effects were observed for knowledge or attitude, but both education level and military rank were related to knowledge and attitude.

  3. Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Take Further Actions to Prevent Sexual Assault During Initial Military Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    supervisory or command position who uses or condones any form of sexual behavior to control, influence , or affect the career, pay, or job of a military...in the armed forces must have signed parental consent prior to age 18. Page 37 GAO-14-806 Sexual Assault during Initial Training...MILITARY PERSONNEL DOD Needs to Take Further Actions to Prevent Sexual Assault during Initial Military Training

  4. Military personnel recognition system using texture, colour, and SURF features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irhebhude, Martins E.; Edirisinghe, Eran A.

    2014-06-01

    This paper presents an automatic, machine vision based, military personnel identification and classification system. Classification is done using a Support Vector Machine (SVM) on sets of Army, Air Force and Navy camouflage uniform personnel datasets. In the proposed system, the arm of service of personnel is recognised by the camouflage of a persons uniform, type of cap and the type of badge/logo. The detailed analysis done include; camouflage cap and plain cap differentiation using gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) texture feature; classification on Army, Air Force and Navy camouflaged uniforms using GLCM texture and colour histogram bin features; plain cap badge classification into Army, Air Force and Navy using Speed Up Robust Feature (SURF). The proposed method recognised camouflage personnel arm of service on sets of data retrieved from google images and selected military websites. Correlation-based Feature Selection (CFS) was used to improve recognition and reduce dimensionality, thereby speeding the classification process. With this method success rates recorded during the analysis include 93.8% for camouflage appearance category, 100%, 90% and 100% rates of plain cap and camouflage cap categories for Army, Air Force and Navy categories, respectively. Accurate recognition was recorded using SURF for the plain cap badge category. Substantial analysis has been carried out and results prove that the proposed method can correctly classify military personnel into various arms of service. We show that the proposed method can be integrated into a face recognition system, which will recognise personnel in addition to determining the arm of service which the personnel belong. Such a system can be used to enhance the security of a military base or facility.

  5. Job Attitudes of Military Airlift Command Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-04-01

    nutbers of available youth. John haisbitt, author of Megatrends, predicts that labor short.ges are beginning to occur and will continue throughout the...available resources (e.g., personnel and material). 81. Your work group’s performance in compariscn to similar work groups is very high. ORGANIZATION CLIMA "E

  6. 19 CFR 148.90 - Foreign military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... International Organizations and Special Treatment for Returning Individuals § 148.90 Foreign military personnel... be referred to the Commissioner of Customs for instructions. (3) Retention and verification of the warehouse proprietors' records. The warehouse proprietor shall retain all records relating to the entry...

  7. FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-29

    maternity leave as, “a convalescent period up to 6 weeks following pregnancy and childbirth .” The new policy, as announced, extended the period of...Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues Congressional Research Service 44 Title Summary clandestine human intelligence collection

  8. Malaria in Tunisian Military Personnel after Returning from External Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajili, Faïda; Battikh, Riadh; Laabidi, Janet; Abid, Rim; Bousetta, Najeh; Jemli, Bouthaina; Ben abdelhafidh, Nadia; Bassem, Louzir; Gargouri, Saadia; Othmani, Salah

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Malaria had been eliminated in Tunisia since 1979, but there are currently 40 to 50 imported cases annually. Soldiers are no exception as the incidence of imported malaria is increasing in Tunisian military personnel after returning from malaria-endemic area, often in Sub-Saharan Africa. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and biological presentations, treatment, and outcomes of 37 Tunisian military personnel hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine, the Military Hospital of Tunis, between January 1993 and January 2011, for imported malaria. The clinical and laboratory features were obtained from the medical records and a questionnaire was filled by the patients about the compliance of malaria prophylaxis. Results. Thirty-seven male patients, with a mean age of 41 years, were treated for malaria infection. Twenty-two were due to Plasmodium falciparum. The outcome was favourable for all patients, despite two severe access. The long-term use of chemoprophylaxis has been adopted by only 21 (51%) of expatriate military for daily stresses. Moreover, poor adherence was found in 32 patients. Conclusion. The risk of acquiring malaria infection in Tunisian military personnel can largely be prevented by the regular use of chemoprophylactic drugs combined with protective measures against mosquito bites. PMID:23766922

  9. Malaria in Tunisian Military Personnel after Returning from External Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faïda Ajili

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Malaria had been eliminated in Tunisia since 1979, but there are currently 40 to 50 imported cases annually. Soldiers are no exception as the incidence of imported malaria is increasing in Tunisian military personnel after returning from malaria-endemic area, often in Sub-Saharan Africa. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and biological presentations, treatment, and outcomes of 37 Tunisian military personnel hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine, the Military Hospital of Tunis, between January 1993 and January 2011, for imported malaria. The clinical and laboratory features were obtained from the medical records and a questionnaire was filled by the patients about the compliance of malaria prophylaxis. Results. Thirty-seven male patients, with a mean age of 41 years, were treated for malaria infection. Twenty-two were due to Plasmodium falciparum. The outcome was favourable for all patients, despite two severe access. The long-term use of chemoprophylaxis has been adopted by only 21 (51% of expatriate military for daily stresses. Moreover, poor adherence was found in 32 patients. Conclusion. The risk of acquiring malaria infection in Tunisian military personnel can largely be prevented by the regular use of chemoprophylactic drugs combined with protective measures against mosquito bites.

  10. Ticks and Tickborne Diseases Affecting Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    Univ Res Div Bull 139, 42p, 1979. Sonenshine, D.E. Pheromones and other semiochemicals of the acari. Ann Rev Entomol 30:1-28 (1985). Sonenshine, D.E...techniques. For an example of personal protection, Schreck et al. (1986) demonstrated in a research study that military field uniforms treated with 0.5...infection by disease organisms. During several years of field research with ticks, I often had to remove them from myself or others, and pulling them

  11. Bibliography of Military and Non-Military Personnel Turnover Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-01

    satisfaction and productivity. The authors wish to express their appreciation to SRA Gerald P. Yates and Ms. Kathleen Donahue for their assistance in...Chicago, IL: St. Clair Press, 1974. Karp , H. B., & Nickson, J. W., Jr. Motivator-hygiene deprivation as a predictor of job turnover. Personnel

  12. Emissions from Simulated Open Burning of Deployed US Military Waste

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    deployed U.S. military waste? 2) What are the effects of polyethylene terephthalate plastic (PETE or PET #1) recycling efforts on these emission...targeted recycling efforts aided in reducing harmful burn emissions. With PET #1 bottles removed, the mass of the remaining components were increased...terephthalate plastic (PETE or PET #1) recycling efforts on these emission factors? 2.1: Is recycling beneficial given the additional resource

  13. Integrative Medicine Interventions for Military Personnel (Interventions medicales integrantes a destination du personnel militaire)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    Veterans Affairs (United States) DOTLMPF Doctrine, Organization , Training, Leader, Development , Material, Personnel, Facilities DP Depressive relapse...access to a mindful lifestyle. Similar to other Military areas of operation the development of a North Atlantic Treaty Organization handbook for...significant steps were taken to develop what is called middle–out approach toward integration of measurements of these diverse levels of system organization

  14. A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Rifaximin for the Prevention of Travelers’ Diarrhea in US Military Personnel Deployed to lncirlik Air Base, lncirlik, Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    and Jell-0 are extremely high in sug- ars ·with 6% or more glucose concentration.23 Sports drinks such as Powerade (The Coca - Cola Company, Atlanta...unit overall. MILITARY MEDICINE, VoL 175, March 2010 detection methods (i.e., polymerase chain reaction [PCR]- based methods) identifying bacterial...viders should attempt to ensure fluids with adequate ORS capability are included in their list of supplies . Obtaining a variety of flavors may help

  15. Post-Deployment Reintegration Experiences of AF Personnel: Implications for Scale Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    Post-deployment reintegration experiences of AF personnel: Implications for scale development Ann-Renée Blais Wendy Sullivan-Kwantes Donald...la défense Canada DEFENCE DÉFENSE & Post-deployment reintegration experiences of AF personnel: Implications for scale development Ann...ministre de la Défense nationale, 2006 DRDC Toronto TR 2006-304 i Abstract The process of post-deployment reintegration can lead to

  16. Outbreak of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Peruvian Military Personnel Undertaking Training Activities in the Amazon Basin, 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oré, Marianela; Sáenz, Eliana; Cabrera, Rufino; Sanchez, Juan F; De Los Santos, Maxy B; Lucas, Carmen M; Núñez, Jorge H; Edgel, Kimberly A; Sopan, Justino; Fernández, Jorge; Carnero, Andres M; Baldeviano, G Christian; Arrasco, Juan C; Graf, Paul C F; Lescano, Andres G

    2015-08-01

    Military personnel deployed to the Amazon Basin are at high risk for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). We responded to an outbreak among Peruvian Army personnel returning from short-term training in the Amazon, conducting active case detection, lesion sample collection, and risk factor assessment. The attack rate was 25% (76/303); the incubation period was 2-36 weeks (median = 8). Most cases had one lesion (66%), primarily ulcerative (49%), and in the legs (57%). Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identified Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis (59/61 = 97%) and L. (V.) guyanensis (2/61 = 3%). Being male (risk ratio [RR] = 4.01; P = 0.034), not wearing long-sleeve clothes (RR = 1.71; P = 0.005), and sleeping in open rooms (RR = 1.80; P = 0.009) were associated with CL. Sodium stibogluconate therapy had a 41% cure rate, less than previously reported in Peru (~70%; P < 0.001). After emphasizing pre-deployment education and other basic prevention measures, trainees in the following year had lower incidence (1/278 = 0.4%; P < 0.001). Basic prevention can reduce CL risk in deployed militaries.

  17. Outbreak of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Peruvian Military Personnel Undertaking Training Activities in the Amazon Basin, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oré, Marianela; Sáenz, Eliana; Cabrera, Rufino; Sanchez, Juan F.; De Los Santos, Maxy B.; Lucas, Carmen M.; Núñez, Jorge H.; Edgel, Kimberly A.; Sopan, Justino; Fernández, Jorge; Carnero, Andres M.; Baldeviano, G. Christian; Arrasco, Juan C.; Graf, Paul C. F.; Lescano, Andres G.

    2015-01-01

    Military personnel deployed to the Amazon Basin are at high risk for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). We responded to an outbreak among Peruvian Army personnel returning from short-term training in the Amazon, conducting active case detection, lesion sample collection, and risk factor assessment. The attack rate was 25% (76/303); the incubation period was 2–36 weeks (median = 8). Most cases had one lesion (66%), primarily ulcerative (49%), and in the legs (57%). Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identified Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis (59/61 = 97%) and L. (V.) guyanensis (2/61 = 3%). Being male (risk ratio [RR] = 4.01; P = 0.034), not wearing long-sleeve clothes (RR = 1.71; P = 0.005), and sleeping in open rooms (RR = 1.80; P = 0.009) were associated with CL. Sodium stibogluconate therapy had a 41% cure rate, less than previously reported in Peru (∼ 70%; P < 0.001). After emphasizing pre-deployment education and other basic prevention measures, trainees in the following year had lower incidence (1/278 = 0.4%; P < 0.001). Basic prevention can reduce CL risk in deployed militaries. PMID:26078320

  18. Prevalence of Perceived Stress and Mental Health Indicators Among Reserve-Component and Active-Duty Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Marian E.; Hourani, Laurel L.; Bray, Robert M.; Williams, Jason

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. We examined stress levels and other indicators of mental health in reservists and active-duty military personnel by deployment status. Methods. We used data from the Department of Defense Health-Related Behaviors surveys, which collect comprehensive, population-based data for reserve and active-duty forces. Data were collected from 18 342 reservists and 16 146 active-duty personnel. Results. Overall, with adjustment for sociodemographic and service differences, reservists reported similar or less work and family stress, depression, and anxiety symptoms than did active-duty personnel. However, reservists who had been deployed reported higher rates of suicidal ideation and attempts than did active-duty personnel who had been deployed and higher rates of post-traumatic stress disorder symptomatology than did any active-duty personnel and reservists who had not been deployed. The highest rates of suicidal ideation and attempts were among reservists who had served in theaters other than Iraq and Afghanistan. Conclusions. Our results suggest that deployment has a greater impact on reservists than on active-duty members, thus highlighting the urgent need for services addressing reservists’ unique postdeployment mental health issues. Also, deployment to any theater, not only Iraq or Afghanistan, represents unique threats to all service members’ mental well-being. PMID:22571709

  19. Vitamin D status in female military personnel during combat training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Andrew J

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Vitamin D is an essential nutrient for maintaining bone health. Recent data suggest that vitamin D and calcium supplementation might affect stress fracture incidence in military personnel. Although stress fracture is a health risk for military personnel during training, no study has investigated changes in vitamin D status in Soldiers during United States (US Army basic combat training (BCT. This longitudinal study aimed to determine the effects of BCT on 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OHD and parathyroid hormone (PTH levels in female Soldiers. Serum 25(OHD and PTH were assessed in 74 fasted Soldier volunteers before and after an 8-week BCT course conducted between August and October in Columbia, South Carolina. In the total study population, 25(OHD levels decreased (mean ± SD from 72.9 ± 30.0 to 63.3 ± 19.8 nmol/L (P P P P

  20. Total Quality Management Implementation Plan for Military Personnel Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    2050.. )ATE 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES CO VERED 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5,rrmir18 . FUNDING NUMBERS Total Quality Management Implementation Plan for...SUBJECT TERMS 15. NUMBER OF PAGES TQM ( Total Quality Management ), Military Personnel Management, Continuous Process Improvement 16. PRICE CODE 17. SECURITY...UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED UL NSN 7540-01-280-5500 Standard Form 298 (Rev. 2-89) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-16 296-102 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT I

  1. Hearing loss associated with US military combat deployment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy S Wells

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to define the risk of hearing loss among US military members in relation to their deployment experiences. Data were drawn from the Millennium Cohort Study. Self-reported data and objective military service data were used to assess exposures and outcomes. Among all 48,540 participants, 7.5% self-reported new-onset hearing loss. Self-reported hearing loss showed moderate to substantial agreement (k = 0.57-0.69 with objective audiometric measures. New-onset hearing loss was associated with combat deployment (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.49-1.77, as well as male sex and older age. Among deployers, new-onset hearing loss was also associated with proximity to improvised explosive devices (AOR = 2.10, 95% CI = 1.62-2.73 and with experiencing a combat-related head injury (AOR = 6.88, 95% CI = 3.77-12.54. These findings have implications for health care and disability planning, as well as for prevention programs.

  2. SEARCH AND DETENTION OF THE MILITARY PERSONNEL WHO HAS AVOIDED THE MILITARY SERVICE: SOURCES, REALITIES, IMPROVEMENT PROSPECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia V. V.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the topical issues of the search and detention of the military personnel who has avoided the military service. On the basis of official information, the author gave a short historical digression, the analysis of a current state of the problem of evasion of the military personnel from military service is carried out and possible ways of its solutions are proposed

  3. Stress Gym: Feasibility of deploying a web-enhanced behavioral self-management program for stress in a military setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Arthur; Hagerty, Bonnie M; Brasington, Steve J; Clem, Joseph B; Williams, David A

    2010-07-01

    Stress and depression can adversely impact the performance of military personnel. Cognitive-behavioral (CBT) interventions for managing stress are efficacious in traditional face-to-face formats, but the Internet supports a broader reach of these programs. This study reports on the feasibility of using an Internet-based self-help stress-management intervention in military personnel. There were 142 officers/enlisted sailors at a Naval Medical Center who completed the program. Evaluation of the program titled "Stress Gym" was positive for the user interface, content, feasibility, and satisfaction. Positive evaluation was not influenced by rank/status, sex, or previous deployment. Stress ratings also decreased significantly while using the program. These data support Stress Gym as being an online CBT-based self-help intervention that is feasible to deploy, accepted by the intended end users, and demonstrates the intended goal of reducing stress.

  4. Self reported incidence and morbidity of acute respiratory illness among deployed U.S. military in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryony W Soltis

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Historically, respiratory infections have had a significant impact on U.S. military missions. Deployed troops are particularly at high risk due to close living conditions, stressful work environments and increased exposure to pathogens. To date, there are limited data available on acute respiratory illness (ARI among troops deployed in support of ongoing military operations, specifically Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF. METHODS: Using self-report data from two sources collected from troops deployed to Iraq, Afghanistan and the surrounding region, we analyzed incidence and risk factors for ARI. Military personnel on mid-deployment Rest & Recuperation (R&R or during redeployment were eligible to participate in the voluntary self-report survey. RESULTS: Overall, 39.5% reported having at least one ARI. Of these, 18.5% sought medical care and 33.8% reported having decreased job performance. The rate of self-reported ARI was 15 episodes per 100 person-months among those taking the voluntary survey, and 24.7 episodes per 100 person-months among those taking the clinic health questionnaire. Negative binomial regression analysis found female sex, Navy branch of service and lack of flush toilets to be independently associated with increased rates of ARI. Deployment to OIF, increasing age and higher rank were also positively associated with ARI risk. CONCLUSIONS: The overall percentage of deployed military personnel reporting at least one acute respiratory illness decreased since earlier parts of OIF/OEF. However, the reported effect on job performance increased tremendously. The most important factors associated with increased respiratory infection are female sex, Navy branch of service, lack of improved latrine facilities, deployment to OIF, increasing age and higher rank.

  5. The analysis of modern approaches to physical fitness testing of military personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glazunov Sergej Ivanovich

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of research is to determine modern approaches to the physical fitness testing of service personnel. In the army with modern military experience, marked by a tendency to view the content of tests to determine the level of physical fitness of military personnel. Observed differentiation of unified systems tests to determine the general physical and military training military application. Summary of tests determined the nature of loads and motions of the structure inherent in the military during combat operations.

  6. Risk of depressive disorder following disasters and military deployment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, J. P.; Utzon-Frank, Nicolai; Bertelsen, M.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Numerous studies describe the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder following disasters, but less is known about the risk of major depression. AIMS: To review the risk of depressive disorder in people surviving disasters and in soldiers returning from military deployment. METHOD.......30-3.98), technological disaster OR = 1.44 (95% CI 1.21-1.70), terrorist acts OR = 1.80 (95% CI 1.38-2.34) and military combat OR = 1.60 (95% CI 1.09-2.35). In a subset of ten high-quality studies OR was 1.41 (95% CI 1.06-1.87). CONCLUSIONS: Disasters and combat experience substantially increase the risk of depression...

  7. Military Personnel: Personnel and Cost Data Associated with Implementing DOD’s Homosexual Conduct Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    administrative costs, we asked the military services to provide data on the key tasks and personnel associated with the separation process, such as paralegal ...legal costs include paralegal work, attorneys’ counseling of servicemembers, and board hearings. With the exception of the Navy, the services were...and nonlegal processes associated with the separations process. According to the services, the legal processes may include paralegal work

  8. Mortality of first world war military personnel: comparison of two military cohorts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Nick; Clement, Christine; Summers, Jennifer A; Bannister, John; Harper, Glyn

    2014-12-16

    To identify the impact of the first world war on the lifespan of participating military personnel (including in veterans who survived the war). Comparison of two cohorts of military personnel, followed to death. Military personnel leaving New Zealand to participate in the first world war. From a dataset of the New Zealand Expeditionary Forces, we randomly selected participants who embarked on troopships in 1914 and a comparison non-combat cohort who departed on troopships in late 1918 (350 in each group). Lifespan based on dates of birth and death from a range of sources (such as individual military files and an official database of birth and death records). A quarter of the 1914 cohort died during the war, with deaths from injury predominating (94%) over deaths from disease (6%). This cohort had a significantly shorter lifespan than the late 1918 "non-combat" cohort, with median ages of death being 65.9 versus 74.2, respectively (a difference of 8.3 years shown also in Kaplan-Meier survival curves, log rank Pfirst world war in 1914 from New Zealand lost around eight years of life (relative to a comparable military cohort). In the postwar period they continued to have an increased risk of premature death. © Wilson et al 2014.

  9. Epidemiology of eye injuries sustained by military personnel in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Jian-He; Zhang, Mao-Nian; Jiang, Cai-Hui; Zhang, Ying; Qiu, Huai-Yu

    2011-01-01

    To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of eye injuries sustained by military personnel in Chinese army. Eleven military evacuation hospitals located in different regions were selected for this study. We reviewed all the medical records of eye injuries sustained by military personnel between January 2005 and December 2009. Patients'information was collected. All data were put into database and analyzed statistically. Totally there were 415 inpatients with eye injuries (442 eyes) and their mean age was 24.40 years. Eye injury accounts for 13.51% of all eye diseases in this study. From 2006 to 2009, the number of eye injury increased gradually. Among them, 175 (42.17%) were injured in leisure time, and 145 (34.94%) in working time. Twenty-two (5.30%) patients had an eye surgery or history of eye disease before injury. In all, 246 patients (59.28%) were sent to evacuation hospital within 24 hours and 64 (56.64%) underwent surgeries in 24 hours after injury. There were 389 patients (93.73%) hospitalized for 1 time. Visual acuities of 187 eyes (42.31%) were grade 1 (larger than or equal to 20/40) after injury. When discharge, 349 eyes (78.96%) obtained a visual acuity of grade 1. Eye injury has a very frequent incidence in Chinese army and much more attention should be paid to prevent it.

  10. Behavioural activation for the treatment of depression in military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whybrow, Dean

    2013-03-01

    INTRODUCTION: Depression is a common mental health problem in both civilian and military populations. Access to evidence based psychological therapies for treating common mental health problems such as depression may not be adequate at present. Behavioural Activation (BA) represents a National Institute for Clinical Excellence recommended, evidence-based treatment for depression. The aim of this review was to review the literature to determine how BA could work as a therapeutic approach for military personnel with depression. METHOD: Five specialty-specific electronic databases were searched using the key words 'behavioural activation', 'activity scheduling' and 'depression'. Emerging themes were drawn out of the literature using a long table approach to thematic analysis. RESULTS: Seven themes were identified: Clinical Effectiveness, Cultural Competence, Co-morbidity, Cost Effectiveness, Alternatives to Face-to-Face Therapy, Training and Patient Experience. CONCLUSIONS: Group based BA is a cost effective option that may build upon service personnel's cultural affinity to teamwork and peer support. Brief training workshops and supervision could be provided to military mental health nurses to deliver group based BA. However service delivery may also be enhanced by enabling some nurses to specialise as Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapists. More research is needed to understand whether this pragmatic, two pronged approach to training would result in the sustained dissemination of evidence based practice.

  11. Sociometric approaches for managing military units and predicting of behavior of military personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudro, Nataliya M.; Puzikova, Svetlana M.

    2017-09-01

    In the Republic of Kazakhstan military service becomes attractive primarily for that category of people who have no opportunity to acquire high quality vocational or higher education, decent income by the speciality available, or those who have not yet identified themselves professionally and socially. Its a serious problem how to ensure ability of military units to execute their service duties in conditions of more and more increasing requirements for professional competences of military personnel, increased intellectualization of military service when the quality of "human material" often is not corresponding to the required standards. This problem in the national and foreign science is still being developed and has no final solutions accessible for the scientific society. This article presents an effort to offer specialists in the military administration area one of probable tools to forecast successfulness of execution of professional tasks by military units based on results of sociometric studies and algorithms of plotting Bayesian networks. Using these tools a military leader will be able to evaluate effectiveness of his managerial activity, correct mechanisms of individual and mentoring activity with regard to individual servicemen, provide an opportunity to eliminate risks of failing to fulfill professional tasks on time and failing to ensure combat readiness of entrusted military team.

  12. Evaluating the Special Needs of The Military for Radiation Biodosimetry for Tactical Warfare Against Deployed Troops: Comparing Military to Civilian Needs for Biodosimetry Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flood, Ann Barry; Ali, Arif N; Boyle, Holly K; Du, Gaixin; Satinsky, Victoria A; Swarts, Steven G; Williams, Benjamin B; Demidenko, Eugene; Schreiber, Wilson; Swartz, Harold M

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this paper is to delineate characteristics of biodosimetry most suitable for assessing individuals who have potentially been exposed to significant radiation from a nuclear device explosion when the primary population targeted by the explosion and needing rapid assessment for triage is civilians vs. deployed military personnel. The authors first carry out a systematic analysis of the requirements for biodosimetry to meet the military's needs to assess deployed troops in a warfare situation, which include accomplishing the military mission. Then the military's special capabilities to respond and carry out biodosimetry for deployed troops in warfare are compared and contrasted systematically, in contrast to those available to respond and conduct biodosimetry for civilians who have been targeted by terrorists, for example. Then the effectiveness of different biodosimetry methods to address military vs. civilian needs and capabilities in these scenarios was compared and, using five representative types of biodosimetry with sufficient published data to be useful for the simulations, the number of individuals are estimated who could be assessed by military vs. civilian responders within the timeframe needed for triage decisions. Analyses based on these scenarios indicate that, in comparison to responses for a civilian population, a wartime military response for deployed troops has both more complex requirements for and greater capabilities to use different types of biodosimetry to evaluate radiation exposure in a very short timeframe after the exposure occurs. Greater complexity for the deployed military is based on factors such as a greater likelihood of partial or whole body exposure, conditions that include exposure to neutrons, and a greater likelihood of combined injury. These simulations showed, for both the military and civilian response, that a very fast rate of initiating the processing (24,000 d) is needed to have at least some methods capable of

  13. Military Personnel: Enhanced Collaboration and Process Improvements Needed for Determining Military Treatment Facility Medical Personnel Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    dentists, medical service corps, and veterinarians , to name a few, at the work center level across Army fixed military treatment facilities. The model uses...1072 - 896 903 Hematology /Oncology 41 40 43 - 12 17 - 18 14 Infectious Disease 63 59 62 - 29 34 - 16 17 Internal Medicine 315 e 254 e 277 e

  14. A meta-analysis of risk factors for combat-related PTSD among military personnel and veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Chen; Ge, Yang; Tang, Bihan; Liu, Yuan; Kang, Peng; Wang, Meng; Zhang, Lulu

    2015-01-01

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a complex and chronic disorder caused by exposure to a traumatic event, is a common psychological result of current military operations. It causes substantial distress and interferes with personal and social functioning. Consequently, identifying the risk factors that make military personnel and veterans more likely to experience PTSD is of academic, clinical, and social importance. Four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and PsycINFO) were used to search for observational studies (cross-sectional, retrospective, and cohort studies) about PTSD after deployment to combat areas. The literature search, study selection, and data extraction were conducted by two of the authors independently. Thirty-two articles were included in this study. Summary estimates were obtained using random-effects models. Subgroup analyses, sensitivity analyses, and publication bias tests were performed. The prevalence of combat-related PTSD ranged from 1.09% to 34.84%. A total of 18 significant predictors of PTSD among military personnel and veterans were found. Risk factors stemming from before the trauma include female gender, ethnic minority status, low education, non-officer ranks, army service, combat specialization, high numbers of deployments, longer cumulative length of deployments, more adverse life events, prior trauma exposure, and prior psychological problems. Various aspects of the trauma period also constituted risk factors. These include increased combat exposure, discharging a weapon, witnessing someone being wounded or killed, severe trauma, and deployment-related stressors. Lastly, lack of post-deployment support during the post-trauma period also increased the risk of PTSD. The current analysis provides evidence of risk factors for combat-related PTSD in military personnel and veterans. More research is needed to determine how these variables interact and how to best protect against susceptibility to PTSD.

  15. A meta-analysis of risk factors for combat-related PTSD among military personnel and veterans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Xue

    Full Text Available Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, a complex and chronic disorder caused by exposure to a traumatic event, is a common psychological result of current military operations. It causes substantial distress and interferes with personal and social functioning. Consequently, identifying the risk factors that make military personnel and veterans more likely to experience PTSD is of academic, clinical, and social importance. Four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and PsycINFO were used to search for observational studies (cross-sectional, retrospective, and cohort studies about PTSD after deployment to combat areas. The literature search, study selection, and data extraction were conducted by two of the authors independently. Thirty-two articles were included in this study. Summary estimates were obtained using random-effects models. Subgroup analyses, sensitivity analyses, and publication bias tests were performed. The prevalence of combat-related PTSD ranged from 1.09% to 34.84%. A total of 18 significant predictors of PTSD among military personnel and veterans were found. Risk factors stemming from before the trauma include female gender, ethnic minority status, low education, non-officer ranks, army service, combat specialization, high numbers of deployments, longer cumulative length of deployments, more adverse life events, prior trauma exposure, and prior psychological problems. Various aspects of the trauma period also constituted risk factors. These include increased combat exposure, discharging a weapon, witnessing someone being wounded or killed, severe trauma, and deployment-related stressors. Lastly, lack of post-deployment support during the post-trauma period also increased the risk of PTSD. The current analysis provides evidence of risk factors for combat-related PTSD in military personnel and veterans. More research is needed to determine how these variables interact and how to best protect against susceptibility

  16. Exploring the Role of Social Connectedness among Military Youth: Perceptions from Youth, Parents, and School Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mmari, Kristin N.; Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Sudhinaraset, May; Blum, Robert

    2010-01-01

    The increased stress on military families during wartime can be particularly difficult for adolescents. The current study employed 11 focus groups with military youth, parents, and school personnel working with military youth to better understand how youth and their families cope with stressors faced as result of living in a military family. An…

  17. Artificially designed pathogens - a diagnostic option for future military deployments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andreas E Zautner; Wycliffe O Masanta; Rebecca Hinz; Ralf Matthias Hagen; Hagen Frickmann

    2015-01-01

    Background: Diagnostic microbial isolates of bio-safety levels 3 and 4 are difficult to handle in medical field camps under military deployment settings. International transport of such isolates is challenging due to restrictions by the International Air Transport Association. An alternative option might be inactivation and sequencing of the pathogen at the deployment site with subsequent sequence-based revitalization in well-equipped laboratories in the home country for further scientific assessment. Methods: A literature review was written based on a PubMed search. Results: First described for poliovirus in 2002,de novo synthesis of pathogens based on their sequence information has become a well-established procedure in science. Successful syntheses have been demonstrated for both viruses and prokaryotes. However, the technology is not yet available for routine diagnostic purposes. Conclusions: Due to the potential utility of diagnostic sequencing and sequence-basedde novo synthesis of pathogens, it seems worthwhile to establish the technology for diagnostic purposes over the intermediate term. This is particularly true for resource-restricted deployment settings, where safe handling of harmful pathogens cannot always be guaranteed.

  18. Epidemiology of eye injuries sustained by military personnel in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO Jian-he; ZHANG Mao-nian; JIANG Cai-hui; ZHANG Ying; QIU Huai-yu

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the epidemiological characteristcs of eye injuries sustained by military personnel in Chinese army.Methods:Eleven military evacuation hospitals located in different regions were selected for this study.We reviewed all the medical records of eye injuries sustained by military personnel between January 2005 and December 2009.Patients' information was collected.All data were put into database and analyzed statistically.Results:Totally there were 415 inpatients with eye injuries (442 eyes) and their mean age was 24.40 years.Eye injury accounts for 13.51% of all eye diseases in this study.From 2006 to 2009,the number of eye injury increased gradually.Among them,175 (42.17%) were injured in leisure time,and 145 (34.94%) in working time.Twenty-two (5.30%)patients had an eye surgery or history of eye disease before injury.In all,246 patients (59.28%) were sent to evacuation hospital within 24 hours and 64 (56.64%) underwent surgeries in 24 hours after injury.There were 389 patients (93.73%)hospitalized for 1 time.Visual acuities of 187 eyes (42.31%)were grade 1 (≥ 20/40) after injury.When discharge,349eyes (78.96%) obtained a visual acuity of grade 1.Conclusion:Eye injury has a very frequent incidence in Chinese army and much more attention should be paid to prevent it.

  19. Epidemiology of HIV among US Air Force Military Personnel, 1996-2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shilpa Hakre

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to describe the epidemiology of HIV in the United States Air Force (USAF from 1996 through 2011 and to assess whether socio-demographic characteristics and service-related mobility, including military deployments, were associated with HIV infection.We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of USAF personnel who were HIV-infected during the study period January 1, 1996 through December 31, 2011 and a matched case-control study. Cases were USAF personnel newly-diagnosed with HIV during the study period. Five randomly-selected HIV-uninfected controls were matched to each case by age, length of service, sex, race, service, component, and HIV test collection date. Socio-demographic and service-related mobility factors and HIV diagnosis were assessed using conditional logistic regression.During the study period, the USAF had 541 newly diagnosed HIV-infected cases. HIV incidence rate (per 100,000 person-years among 473 active duty members was highest in 2007 (16.78, among black/ African-American USAF members (26.60 and those aged 25 to 29 years (10.84. In unadjusted analysis restricted to personnel on active duty, 10 characteristics were identified and considered for final multivariate analysis. Of these single (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 8.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.71-11.6 or other marital status (aOR 4.60, 95% CI 2.72-7.75, communications/ intelligence (aOR 2.57, 95% CI 1.84-3.60 or healthcare (aOR 2.07, 95% CI 1.28-3.35 occupations, and having no deployment in the past 2 years before diagnosis (aOR 2.02, 95% CI 1.47-2.78 conferred higher odds of HIV infection in adjusted analysis.The highest risk of HIV infection in the USAF was among young unmarried deployment-naïve males, especially those in higher risk occupation groups. In an era when worldwide military operations have increased, these analyses identified potential areas where targeted HIV prevention efforts may be beneficial in reducing HIV

  20. Risk Factors for Relapse to Problem Drinking Among Current and Former US Military Personnel: A Prospective Study of the Millennium Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-03

    Service members who were in the Reserve /National Guard compared with active-duty members (odds ratio [OR] =1.71, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.45- 2.01...recruitment panel, a weighted sample f active duty and Reserve /National Guard personnel serving in the military as of ctober 2000. Personnel deployed to...Force), service component (active duty, Reserve /National Guard), occupation (combat specialist, health care, other) and pay grade (junior enlisted [E00

  1. Auricular Therapy for Treatment of Musculoskeletal Pain in the Setting of Military Personnel: A Randomized Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    TITLE: Auricular Therapy for Treatment of Musculoskeletal Pain in the Setting of Military Personnel: A...Treatment of Musculoskeletal Pain in the Setting of Military Personnel: A Randomized Trial fdfdf 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-10-2-0163 5c. PROGRAM...approval and initiated enrollment. 15. SUBJET TERMS Auricular Therapy; Musculoskeletal Pain 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF

  2. Replacing Military Personnel in Some Support Positions With Federal Civilians

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-03

    2CONGRESS IONAL  BUDGET  OFFICE Transferring to civilians certain jobs  currently  held by military personnel could  reduce  costs  and increase DoD’s focus...analysis compares all  current   and future  costs  of hiring a service  member to those of hiring a civilian. Because some of those  costs  are borne by...types of  positions that it might make sense to  transfer. 4CONGRESS IONAL  BUDGET  OFFICE CBO also estimated possible  cost  savings  for DoD and the

  3. Achievement Outcomes of Sixth-Grade Students with a Military Parent Deployed to a War Zone or a Military Parent Not Deployed Compared to Same School Students Whose Parents Have No Military Affiliation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingram, Robert L., III

    2014-01-01

    The need for accurate information about the achievement of students whose military parents are deployed to a war zone or whose military parents are eligible although not currently deployed to a war zone is important in order to ensure that we are providing for the educational wellbeing of these children as their parents defend our nations…

  4. Assessment Needs Analysis for Developing Mobile Apps to Encourage Proactive Preventive Medicine Education Among Young Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Leo, Gianluca; Bonacina, Stefano; Brivio, Eleonora; Cuper, Taryn

    2012-04-01

    International travel to underdeveloped areas where both hygienic conditions and sufficient medical care are often in short supply can pose severe health risks. Infectious disease is one of the most common health risks for military forces deployed overseas. Careful personal hygiene and early symptom recognition serve as important steps in averting potential illness. With the ubiquitous deployment threat of chemical and biological warfare agents, the benefit of early detection and action can ultimately be critical for survival. Nowadays game-based learning models, made available on mobile devices in the form of apps, can provide relevant medical knowledge, and they can effectively reach a young military population. The aims of this preliminary research project are twofold: (1) We want to investigate whether young U.S. Army personnel would be open to the use of mobile apps while deployed abroad, and (2) we want to share the research design adopted with the intent of providing a baseline methodology that can be used in future larger studies. We recruited and interviewed Reserve Officers' Training Corps cadets at a university in the United States. Focus groups have been adopted as a research tool for collecting data. Open and close-ended questions were used during the focus group. Four domains were investigated: Cell phone usage, game console perceptions, game genre preferences, and gaming habits and perceptions. The analysis of the focus group data reported that young military personnel often play with videogames and that they prefer first person Action/Combat genre. The data also showed that they do not consider playing videogames to be a leisure activity but a part of their lives. The preliminary results of this study suggest that games on cell phones could be considered as a platform for teaching young military personnel medical-related concepts and health safety procedures.

  5. A Study on the Impact of Military Parent Deployment on Student Performance; Academic Achievement, Absenteeism, Discipline, and Counselor Visits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Hilda

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine if parents' military deployment had an impact on the academic achievement of their children. The study examined if there were a parallel between parental military deployment and absenteeism, parental deployment and discipline, and parental deployment and counselor visits. The study also examined if…

  6. [Influence of chronic diseases of reserve military personnel of Ukraine army on their capability to do their duty according military speciality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivashchenko, S N

    2008-01-01

    The author presents in the article the way of distribution of reserve military personnel of Ukraine army on special groups depending on presence of chronical diseases or pathological conditions. The author analyzed more than 800 personal files of military personnel and other materials related to assessment of functional state of this personnel and efficiency of performing their duty. Data received from Kiev commissariats and other Ukraine military Institutions have been analyzed. The proposed way of military personnel distribution allows optimizing their operating mode by creating a special mode where resource of military personnel's professional health is preserved.

  7. Smoking among troops deployed in combat areas and its association with combat exposure among navy personnel in Sri Lanka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Silva Varuni

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Among military personnel alcohol consumption and binge-drinking have increased but cigarette smoking has declined in the recent past. Although there is a strong association between smoking and PTSD the association between combat exposure and smoking is not clear. Methods This cross sectional study was carried out among representative samples of SLN Special Forces and regular forces deployed in combat areas. Both Special Forces and regular forces were selected using simple random sampling. Only personnel who had served continuously in combat areas during the one year period prior to end of combat operations were included in the study. Females were not included in the sample. The study assessed several mental health outcomes as well as alcohol use, smoking and cannabis use. Sample was classified according to smoking habits as never smokers, past smokers (those who had smoked in the past but not within the past year and current smokers (those smoking at least one cigarette within the past 12 months. Results Sample consisted of 259 Special Forces and 412 regular navy personnel. Prevalence of current smoking was 17.9% (95% CI 14.9-20.8. Of the sample 58.4% had never smoked and 23.7% were past smokers. Prevalence of current smoking was significantly higher among Special Forces personnel compared to regular forces. (OR 1.90 (95% CI 1.20-3.02. Personnel aged ≥35 years had the lowest prevalence of smoking (14.0%. Commissioned officers had a lower prevalence (12.1% than non commissioned officers or other ranks. After adjustment for demographic variables and service type there was significant association between smoking and combat experiences of seeing dead or wounded [OR 1.79 (95%CI 1.08-2.9], handling dead bodies [OR 2.47(95%CI 1.6-3.81], coming under small arms fire [OR 2.01(95%CI 1.28-3.15] and coming under mortar, missile and artillery fire [OR 2.02(95%CI 1.29-3.17]. There was significant association between the number of

  8. Occupational overpressure exposure of breachers and military personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamimori, G. H.; Reilly, L. A.; LaValle, C. R.; Olaghere Da Silva, U. B.

    2017-08-01

    Military and law enforcement personnel may be routinely and repetitively exposed to low-level blast (LLB) overpressure during training and in operations. This repeated exposure has been associated with symptoms similar to that reported for sports concussion. This study reports LLB exposure for various military and law enforcement sources in operational training environments. Peak overpressure and impulse data are presented from indoor breaching, outdoor breaching, shotgun door breaching, small arms discharge, and mortar and artillery fire missions. Data were collected using the Black Box Biometrics (B3) Blast Gauge sensors. In all cases, sensors were attached to the operators and, where possible, also statically mounted to walls or other fixed structures. Peak overpressures from below 1 psi (7 kPa) to over 12 psi (83 kPa) were recorded; all values reported are uncorrected for incidence angle to the blast exposure source. The results of these studies indicate that the current minimum safe distance calculations are often inaccurate for both indoor and outdoor breaching scenarios as true environmental exposure can consistently exceed the 4 psi (28 kPa) incident safe threshold prescribed by U.S. Army doctrine. While ballistic (shotgun) door breaching and small arms firing only expose the operator to low peak exposure levels, the sheer number of rounds fired during training may result in an excessive cumulative exposure. Mortar and artillery crew members received significantly different overpressure and impulse exposures based on their position (job) relative to the weapon. As both the artillery and mortar crews commonly fire hundreds of rounds during a single training session they are also likely to receive high cumulative exposures. These studies serve to provide the research community with estimates for typical operator exposure across a range of operational scenarios or in the discharge of various weapons systems.

  9. Safe and Effective Deployment of Personnel to Support the Ebola Response - West Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouse, Edward N; Zarecki, Shauna Mettee; Flowers, Donald; Robinson, Shawn T; Sheridan, Reed J; Goolsby, Gary D; Nemhauser, Jeffrey; Kuwabara, Sachiko

    2016-07-08

    From the initial task of getting "50 deployers within 30 days" into the field to support the 2014-2016 Ebola virus disease (Ebola) epidemic response in West Africa to maintaining well over 200 staff per day in the most affected countries (Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone) during the peak of the response, ensuring the safe and effective deployment of international responders was an unprecedented accomplishment by CDC. Response experiences shared by CDC deployed staff returning from West Africa were quickly incorporated into lessons learned and resulted in new activities to better protect the health, safety, security, and resiliency of responding personnel. Enhanced screening of personnel to better match skill sets and experience with deployment needs was developed as a staffing strategy. The mandatory predeployment briefings were periodically updated with these lessons to ensure that staff were aware of what to expect before, during, and after their deployments. Medical clearance, security awareness, and resiliency programs became a standard part of both predeployment and postdeployment activities. Response experience also led to the identification and provision of more appropriate equipment for the environment. Supporting the social and emotional needs of deployed staff and their families also became an agency focus for care and communication. These enhancements set a precedent as a new standard for future CDC responses, regardless of size or complexity.The activities summarized in this report would not have been possible without collaboration with many U.S and international partners (http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/2014-west-africa/partners.html).

  10. Military Personnel: Army Needs a Requirement for Capturing Data and Clear Guidance on Use of Military for Civilian or Contractor Positions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    MILITARY PERSONNEL Army Needs a Requirement for Capturing Data and Clear Guidance on Use of Military for Civilian... Clear Guidance on Use of Military for Civilian or Contractor Positions 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...congressional committees June 2015 MILITARY PERSONNEL Army Needs a Requirement for Capturing Data and Clear Guidance on Use of Military for Civilian

  11. Early identification of posttraumatic stress following military deployment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karstoft, Karen-Inge; Statnikov, Alexander; Andersen, Søren B

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Pre-deployment identification of soldiers at risk for long-term posttraumatic stress psychopathology after home coming is important to guide decisions about deployment. Early post-deployment identification can direct early interventions to those in need and thereby prevents the develo...

  12. Supporting Military Families with Young Children throughout the Deployment Lifecycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    deployments. Prolonged separation can constitute a developmental crisis for babies, toddlers and preschool -aged children, although the homefront parent...prevention) with a new population (families with young children). Necessarily, staff and clinicians are acquiring new expertise in child development ...resilience and child well-being, Soldier and non-deploying parents must successfully meet the challenges of caregiving throughout the deployment cycle

  13. Dental Caries Progression Among U.S. Marine Corps Personnel Following Operational Deployment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    OPTIONS FOR RISK CATEGORIES AGE CATEGORY RISK CATEGORY CHILD / ADOLESCENT ADULT LOW Educational reinforcement re: good oral hygiene and use of...Dental classification guidelines are used by dental officers of the U.S. armed forces to categorize the severity of oral disease in military personnel to... periodontal abscess (n = 3; 7.7%), and one case (2.6%) each of traumatic ulcer, sialadenitis, soft tissue laceration, and suture removal; the

  14. Evaluation of a Multimedia Intervention for Children and Families Facing Multiple Military Deployments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flittner O'Grady, Allison; Thomaseo Burton, E; Chawla, Neelu; Topp, David; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

    2016-02-01

    Repeated military deployments have been a common experience for many military families in the past 15 years. While there has been an increase in research and intervention focused on the effects on families of military deployments, much of this work has not focused specifically on the particular needs of young children. Talk, Listen, Connect: Multiple Deployments (TLC-II MD), a multimedia kit designed for home use, is among the first interventions directed toward young children. Created by Sesame Workshop and using popular Sesame Street characters, TLC-II MD was designed to support and equip families with young children with skills to address challenges associated with multiple deployments. This study utilized a randomized experimental design to evaluate the impact of TLC-II MD relative to a control condition using a Sesame Workshop multimedia kit not tailored to military families. Parents in both groups reported that children enjoyed the video overall and watched it repeatedly. Also in both groups, caregivers' depressive symptoms and children's aggressive behaviors declined significantly over time. Caregivers in the test group reported significantly larger increases in comfort discussing the deployment with their child and stronger perceptions that the DVD helped children to cope. Thus, the resilience-oriented materials were helpful to both groups, but those tailored to military families were significantly more likely to be perceived as helpful. Findings offer evidence regarding the ability of multimedia self-administered interventions to assist military families.

  15. [Dynamics of functional status of submarine personnel during the pre-deployment period].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khankevich, Iu R; Bloshchinskiĭ, I A; Val'skiĭ, A V; Nabokov, N L

    2014-09-01

    Authors came to conclusions that during the pre-deployment period submarine personnel are stressed out. During this period submarine personnel .usually resupply, conduct maintenance and other monitoring-and-checkout measures, which leads to functional stress. Authors came to conclusion that it is necessary to use simple and easy, but at the same time informative methods for early diagnosis of worsen functional health status. One of these methods is evaluation of indicators of cardiovascular system. This method is a base for functional health status prophylaxis.

  16. Deployment Efficiency and Barrier Effectiveness Testing of a Temporary Anti-Personnel (TAP) Barrier System.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allen, David James [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hedrick, Charles D. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Martinez, Ruben [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-02-01

    This report documents tests conducted by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) on behalf of the U.S. Department of State to evaluate a temporary anti-personnel (TAP) barrier system developed by Mitigation Technologies. For this, the SNL Denial and Structural Assessment department developed a test protocol for the evaluation of the TAP barrier system on the basis of deployment efficiency and barrier effectiveness against a riotous/mob attack threat. The test protocol was then executed by SNL personnel and the results of the testing are documented.

  17. Prospective post-traumatic stress disorder symptom trajectories in active duty and separated military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Ben; Bonanno, George A; Frasco, Melissa A; Dursa, Erin K; Boyko, Edward J

    2017-01-30

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious mental illness that affects current and former military service members at a disproportionately higher rate than the civilian population. Prior studies have shown that PTSD symptoms follow multiple trajectories in civilians and military personnel. The current study examines whether the trajectories of PTSD symptoms of veterans separated from the military are similar to continuously serving military personnel. The Millennium Cohort Study is a population-based study of military service members that commenced in 2001 with follow-up assessments occurring approximately every 3 years thereafter. PTSD symptoms were assessed at each time point using the PTSD Checklist. Latent growth mixture modeling was used to compare PTSD symptom trajectories between personnel who separated (veterans; n = 5292) and personnel who remained in military service (active duty; n = 16,788). Four distinct classes (resilient, delayed-onset, improving, and elevated-recovering) described PTSD symptoms trajectories in both veterans and active duty personnel. Trajectory shapes were qualitatively similar between active duty and veterans. However, within the resilient, improving, and elevated recovering classes, the shapes were statistically different. Although the low-symptom class was the most common in both groups (veterans: 82%; active duty: 87%), veterans were more likely to be classified in the other three classes (in all cases, p military and civilian life.

  18. Military Presence: U.S. Personnel in NATO Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-06

    administer security assistance programs, primarily in the form of foreign military sales, the Military Assistance Program, and interna - tional military...p)ersolinel in Eiurope to siiI)l)01t Air Logistica SupportFor-ce op~erat ions. ’Ihel thr-ee largest commnands-the Air For-ce Commow- nications

  19. A Cluster of Three Cases of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome among Canadian Military Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leighanne O. Parkes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS is a rare illness in eastern Canada. We present three cases of HPS among military personnel in Quebec. The three cases shared a common exposure to mouse excreta while engaged in military training in Alberta, a western province of Canada.

  20. Supporting Military Families with Young Children throughout the Deployment Lifecycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    parent can be overwhelmed with the additional responsibilities during deployment, and may experience chronic worry about the deployed parent’s safety...DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response ...demands on families. Approximately 43% of the Total Forces are parents and two million children have experienced parental deployment. Of these children, 42

  1. Research on Role Sets and Emotional Relationships in Military Personnel Marriage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murtazina, Elmira I.; Minullina, Aida F.

    2016-01-01

    An urgent demand of society to conduct effective work with the family substantiates the relevance of the research. The article provides the investigation of role sets and emotional relationships in marriage through the study of military personnel and nonmilitary personnel families. Practical implementation of psychological ideas represents one of…

  2. Experiences of Swedish military medical personnel in combat zones: adapting to competing loyalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundberg, Kristina; Kjellström, Sofia; Jonsson, Anders; Sandman, Lars

    2014-08-01

    The aim of this qualitative study is to explore the Swedish military personnel's experience of what it means to perform a caring role in a combat zone. This study assesses the challenges faced by military medical personnel in the context of a combat zone. The design was descriptive with a qualitative inductive approach. Twenty military medical personnel (physicians, nurses, and combat lifesavers) were interviewed individually. They had been involved in international military operations between 2009 and 2012. This study was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The analysis produced four categories: being in a primarily noncaring organization, caring in emotionally charged relationships, lacking an open dialog about expectations of killing and having to prioritize scarce resources. This study shows that medical personnel easily adapt to a military setting. They care but also perform other tasks when they are in a combat zone. The medical personnel want to give care to host nation but use drugs they can spare. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  3. Recurrent headache in military-dependent children and the impact of parent deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swedean, Sandra K; Gonzales, Monica V; Zickefoose, Betty A; Bush, Anneke C; Davis, Jessica M; Elrod, Diane C; Hsieh, David T

    2013-03-01

    Our objective is to determine the prevalence of recurrent headaches in military-dependent children and to study the changes in headache frequency, severity, and duration during a parental deployment. Recurrent headaches are common in children and are often intensified by stressful life events. Military-dependent children are subjected to unique stressors, most significantly parental wartime deployment. No studies have evaluated the effect of deployment on somatic complaints, to include headaches. We conducted a parental, cross-sectional questionnaire-based study in patients aged 5 to 17 years who were seen in the pediatric or adolescent clinics at a regional military medical center. The overall prevalence of recurrent headaches in the preceding 12 months was 30%. Almost half reported headache worsening in frequency, severity, or duration over the previous 12 months, whether a parent was deployed or not. For children who had experienced parental deployment, younger children and females were affected more often. Younger females had the highest rates of headache worsening. This trend may indicate a more detrimental effect of parental deployment on childhood headache in certain populations. Reprint & Copyright © 2013 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  4. Military Children's Difficulty With Reintegration After Deployment: A Relational Turbulence Model Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knobloch, Leanne K; Knobloch-Fedders, Lynne M; Yorgason, Jeremy B; Ebata, Aaron T; McGlaughlin, Patricia C

    2017-02-16

    This study drew on the relational turbulence model to investigate how the interpersonal dynamics of military couples predict parents' reports of the reintegration difficulty of military children upon homecoming after deployment. Longitudinal data were collected from 118 military couples once per month for 3 consecutive months after reunion. Military couples reported on their depressive symptoms, characteristics of their romantic relationship, and the reintegration difficulty of their oldest child. Results of dyadic growth curve models indicated that the mean levels of parents' depressive symptoms (H1), relationship uncertainty (H2), and interference from a partner (H3) were positively associated with parents' reports of military children's reintegration difficulty. These findings suggest that the relational turbulence model has utility for illuminating the reintegration difficulty of military children during the postdeployment transition. (PsycINFO Database Record

  5. Stress, coping, and well-being in military spouses during deployment separation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padden, Diane L; Connors, Rebecca A; Agazio, Janice G

    2011-03-01

    This study examined the relationships between stress, coping, general well-being, and sociodemographic characteristics using Lazarus and Folkman's theory of stress and coping. A descriptive correlational design was used. The sample consisted of 105 female spouses of currently deployed active duty military members. Instruments included the Perceived Stress Scale, the Jalowiec Coping Scale, and the RAND-36. Perceived stress was the best predictor of both mental and physical well-being, accounting for 51.7% and 25.4% of the variance, respectively. Evasive and optimistic coping contributed an additional 1.9 % and 4.3%, respectively, to the variance in mental well-being. Differences in coping use were found among rank groups, those who grew up in a military family, and those with a previous deployment separation. Nurses are in an ideal position to identify military spouses at risk and provide education on effective coping behaviors shown to positively affect well-being during deployment separation.

  6. Combat Deployment is Associated With Sexual Harassment or Sexual Assault in a Large, Female Military Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-11

    study of 140,000 military personnel. Military Medicine, 167(6), 483–488. Haskell, S. G., Gordon, K. S., Mattocks, K., Duggal, M., Erdos , J., Justice, A...report version of PRIME -MD: The PHQ Primary Care Study. Primary care evaluation of mental disorders. JAMA, 282(18), 1737–1744. Spitzer, R. L., Williams...J. B., Kroenke, K., Hornyak, R., & McMurray, J. (2000). Validity and utility of the PRIME -MD patient health questionnaire in assessment of 3000

  7. Supporting Employees who Deploy: The Case for Financial Assistance to Employers of Military Reservists

    OpenAIRE

    Colin Busby

    2010-01-01

    Military reservists have become a vital component of Canada’s forces at home and abroad, and like their counterparts in the regular forces, provide a service for all Canadians. However, owing to recent federal and provincial job protection legislation, employers of reservists tend to bear a disproportionate share of the costs when their employees are deployed overseas or domestically. If reservists choose to take on full-time military duties, their civilian employer’s search for a temporary r...

  8. [Problems and prospects of infectious diseases and HIV-infected military personnel register organization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolekhan, V N; Zagorodnikov, G G; Gorichnyĭ, V A; Orlova, E S; Nikolaev, P G

    2014-08-01

    An analysis of regulatory documents of the Ministry of Healthcare and the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation related to HIV/AIDS prevention was carried out. The current system of HIV/AIDS detection and registration among military and civil personnel was assessed. Problems and prospects of scientific-and-research laboratory (the register of infectious disease pathology and HIV-infected military personnel) of Scientific-and-research centre at the Kirov Military medical academy were discussed. It is proposed that the main direction of the laboratory activity will be the restoration of up-to-date records of military personnel with HIV/AIDS. This activity will provide the necessary information to responsible specialists of the Main state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance centre and the Main military medical department of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation for the sanitary and epidemiological surveillance for purposeful and economically feasible management decisions in the field of military personnel infection diseases prevention.

  9. Development of Chinese Military Personnel Social Support Scale and tests for its reliability and validity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai-hong TANG

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To develop Chinese Military Personnel Social Support Scaleand verify its reliability and validity. Methods  The Chinese Military Personnel Social Support Scalewas initiated, organized and compiled based upon open-ended questionnaire survey done in a systematic manner, and previous researches were taken as references. A total of 630 military personnel were chosen by random cluster sampling and tested with the Scale, among them 50 were tested with Social Support Rating Scale(SSRS and Chinese Military Psychosomatic Health Scale(CMPHS simultaneously, and the test was done solely a second time with CMPHS 2 weeks later. The reliability and validity were assessed and verified by exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and correlation analysis. Results  The Chinese Military Personnel Social Support Scalecomprised three factors, namely subjective support, objective support and utility of social support. Eighteen items were left in official scale after amendment by factor analysis, and one lying subscale was added. The correlation coefficients between the public factors ranged from 0.477 to 0.589 (P<0.01, and the correlation coefficients between factors and total scale ranged from 0.721 to 0.823 (P<0.01. The test-retest correlation coefficients of total scale and subscales ranged from 0.622 to 0.803 (P<0.01, the Cronbach α coefficients ranged from 0.624 to 0.874, and the split-half correlation coefficients ranged from 0.551 to 0.828. Significant correlation existed between this Scale and two criterion scales, namely SSRS and CMPHS. Conclusion  It is verified that the Chinese Military Personnel Social Support Scalehas excellent reliability and validity, and complying with psychometric standards, it may be used to evaluate the social support level of Chinese military personnel.

  10. USDA Research in Support of Deployed Military Troops

    Science.gov (United States)

    The US Department of Agriculture has a long history of collaborating with the US military to conduct research in support of war efforts. The predecessor laboratory of the current USDA-ARS Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology (CMAVE) located in Gainesville, Florida has a history...

  11. The Effect of Deployment Frequencies on the Military Divorce Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    my roommate, LT Randi Korman, who was happy to bring me a glass of wine when I could not leave my desk. It was truly helpful to have a constantly...his or her parent’s house. A person living on his or her own is responsible for providing for his or her own food and shelter, which is facilitated...was deployed per quarter was generated. The quarterly CTS data was then paired with the demographic data. Total time deployed while married was found

  12. Prevalence and Correlates of Mental Health Problems in Canadian Forces Personnel Who Deployed in Support of the Mission in Afghanistan: Findings From Postdeployment Screenings, 2009–2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorski, Mark A; Rusu, Corneliu; Garber, Bryan G

    2014-01-01

    Objective: An important minority of military personnel will experience mental health problems after overseas deployments. Our study sought to describe the prevalence and correlates of postdeployment mental health problems in Canadian Forces personnel. Method: Subjects were 16 193 personnel who completed postdeployment screening after return from deployment in support of the mission in Afghanistan. Screening involved a detailed questionnaire and a 40-minute, semi-structured interview with a mental health clinician. Mental health problems were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist—Civilian Version. Logistic regression was used to explore independent risk factors for 1 or more of 6 postdeployment mental health problems. Results: Symptoms of 1 or more of 6 mental health problems were seen in 10.2% of people screened; the most prevalent symptoms were those of major depressive disorder (3.2%), minor depression (3.3%), and posttraumatic stress disorder (2.8%). The strongest risk factors for postdeployment mental health problems were past mental health care (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.89) and heavy combat exposure (AOR 2.57 for third tertile, compared with first tertile). These risk groups might be targeted in prevention and control efforts. In contrast to findings from elsewhere, Reservist status, deployment duration, and number of previous deployments had no relation with mental health problems. Conclusions: An important minority of personnel will disclose symptoms of mental health problems during postdeployment screening. Differences in risk factors seen in different nations highlight the need for caution in applying the results of research in one population to another. PMID:25007406

  13. Narrative transformation among military personnel on an adventurous training and sport course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carless, David

    2014-10-01

    In the wake of recent wars, some military personnel face considerable physical and mental health problems. In this article I explore the effects of an adapted sport and inclusive adventurous training course for military personnel who have experienced physical injury and/or psychological trauma. Using a dialogical narrative approach, I analyzed stories shared by six soldiers during the course to explore the effects of involvement. Participation in the course seemed to facilitate a narrative transformation or opening corresponding to a broadening identity and sense of self. Story plots progressed from a failing monological narrative, through a chaos narrative, toward a dialogical quest narrative prioritizing immersion in an intense present, a developing self, and a relational orientation. On the basis of narrative theory, I suggest this transformation holds positive consequences for the health and well-being of military personnel who have experienced injury and/or trauma.

  14. Adverse childhood experiences in relation to mood and anxiety disorders in a population-based sample of active military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sareen, J; Henriksen, C A; Bolton, S L; Afifi, T O; Stein, M B; Asmundson, G J G

    2013-01-01

    Although it has been posited that exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) increases vulnerability to deployment stress, previous literature in this area has demonstrated conflicting results. Using a cross-sectional population-based sample of active military personnel, the present study examined the relationship between ACEs, deployment related stressors and mood and anxiety disorders. Data were analyzed from the 2002 Canadian Community Health Survey-Canadian Forces Supplement (CCHS-CFS; n = 8340, age 18-54 years, response rate 81%). The following ACEs were self-reported retrospectively: childhood physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse, economic deprivation, exposure to domestic violence, parental divorce/separation, parental substance abuse problems, hospitalization as a child, and apprehension by a child protection service. DSM-IV mood and anxiety disorders [major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic attacks/disorder and social phobia] were assessed using the composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI). Even after adjusting for the effects of deployment-related traumatic exposures (DRTEs), exposure to ACEs was significantly associated with past-year mood or anxiety disorder among men [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.34, 99% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-1.73, p < 0.01] and women [aOR 1.37, 99% CI 1.00-1.89, p = 0.01]. Participants exposed to both ACEs and DRTEs had the highest prevalence of past-year mood or anxiety disorder in comparison to those who were exposed to either ACEs alone, DRTEs alone, or no exposure. ACEs are associated with several mood and anxiety disorders among active military personnel. Intervention strategies to prevent mental health problems should consider the utility of targeting soldiers with exposure to ACEs.

  15. Relationship between psychosomatic health and both maladjustment and job burnout in military personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ling-ming KONG

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective To explore the influence of mental maladjustment and job burnout on the psychosomatic health of military personnel and their relationship and build a path mode. Methods A total of 358 military personnel were selected by random cluster sampling. Military Mental Maladjustment Scale (MMMS, Military Job Burnout Scale (MJBS, and Chinese Psychosomatic Health Scale (CPSHS were applied to collect data. SPSS (version 17.0 and Amos (version 7.0 were used for data analysis by correlative analysis, multiple-regression analysis, and path analysis. Results All single factors of job burnout were significantly positively related to interpersonal relationship and emotional disorder due to mental maladjustment (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01. All single factors of mental maladjustment and job burnout were significantly positively related to the psychosomatic health of military personnel (P < 0.01. Multiple regression analysis showed that somatization, negative cacanny, emotional disorder, and interpersonal relationship entered into the regression equation of total psychosomatic health score as dependent variable, and could serve as predictors for military personnel's psychosomatic health (P < 0.01, the four independent variables accounted for 45% of the total variance of psychosomatic health. The influence of mental maladjustment on psychosomatic health was enhanced by intervention of job burnout into the path model, the fit indexes of which were as follows: χ2/df=35.248 (P=0.000, GFI=0.963, AGFI=0.875, CFI=0.902, RMSEA=0.003. Conclusions Emotional disorder, poor interpersonal relationship, somatization, and negative cacanny exert significant effects on military personnel's psychosomatic health. Job burnout mediates the relationship between mental maladjustment and psychosomatic health.

  16. Military Deployments and Children's Academic Achievement: Evidence from Department of Defense Education Activity Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Rozlyn C.; Gallagher, Luke B.; Lyle, David S.

    2010-01-01

    Household disruptions--such as divorce, relocation, and parental absence--have long concerned researchers interested in the educational attainment of children. Here, we consider a plausible source of exogenous variation in work-related parental absences--military deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan in the 2002-2005 period. Combining the…

  17. Impact of Military Deployment and Distance Learning on Soldier-Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, August T.

    2013-01-01

    Soldiers face complex challenges, issues, and decisions when pursuing distance learning while deployed. These challenges are encountered frequently while completing undergraduate and graduate degree programs on active duty overseas. Many learning programs and benefits are available and utilized by military online learners in a war zone. Education…

  18. Health Outcomes among Infants Born to Women Deployed to US Military Operations during Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    defined as infants born to military women who deployed outside of the first trimester of pregnancy. This referent group was considered optimal because...Occup Med Environ Health 17:223–243. Jacobson IG, Gumbs GR, Sevick CJ, et al. 2008a. Smallpox vaccination is not associated with infertility in a

  19. FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    services, post-separation medical and dental coverage, career counseling, financial planning, employment and re-employment rights , and veterans...available at http://thinkprogress.org/ lgbt /2011/05/11/177408/navy-marriage-rescind/. FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military...raised that the possibility or actuality of military deployments may encourage courts to deny custodial rights of a service member to a former spouse

  20. Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: United Kingdom Policy and Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-09-01

    defense outsourcing statistics indicates that the MoD most closely matches DoD trends. As Figure 1 shows, the number of UK MoD “ public private partnerships ” (PPP...International Statistics on Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in Defense. with the premise that “there are no military core competencies, and that all...and scope of MoD’s “ public private partnerships ” program. The second analyses the premises underpinning the “government orthodoxy” and the

  1. Physiological Employment Standards III: physiological challenges and consequences encountered during international military deployments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nindl, Bradley C; Castellani, John W; Warr, Bradley J; Sharp, Marilyn A; Henning, Paul C; Spiering, Barry A; Scofield, Dennis E

    2013-11-01

    Modern international military deployments in austere environments (i.e., Iraq and Afghanistan) place considerable physiological demands on soldiers. Significant physiological challenges exist: maintenance of physical fitness and body composition, rigors of external load carriage, environmental extremes (heat, cold, and altitude), medical illnesses, musculoskeletal injuries, traumatic brain injuries, post-traumatic stress disorder, and environmental exposure hazards (i.e., burn pits, vehicle exhaust, etc.). To date there is very little published research and no comprehensive reviews on the physiological effects of deployments. The purpose of this paper is to overview what is currently known from the literature related mainly to current military conflicts with regard to the challenges and consequences from deployments. Summary findings include: (1) aerobic capacity declines while muscle strength, power and muscular endurance appear to be maintained, (2) load carriage continues to tax the physical capacities of the Soldier, (3) musculoskeletal injuries comprise the highest proportion of all injury categories, (4) environmental insults occur from both terrestrial extremes and pollutant exposure, and (5) post-deployment concerns linger for traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder. A full understanding of these responses will assist in identifying the most effective risk mitigation strategies to ensure deployment readiness and to assist in establishment of military employment standards.

  2. The Impact of Military Deployment and Reintegration on Children and Parenting: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creech, Suzannah K; Hadley, Wendy; Borsari, Brian

    2014-12-01

    Hundreds of thousands of children have had at least 1 parent deploy as part of military operations in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom; OIF; Operation New Dawn; OND) and Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom; OEF). However, there is little knowledge of the impact of deployment on the relationship of parents and their children. This systematic review examines findings from 3 areas of relevant research: the impact of deployment separation on parenting, and children's emotional, behavioral, and health outcomes; the impact of parental mental health symptoms during and after reintegration; and current treatment approaches in veteran and military families. Several trends emerged. First, across all age groups, deployment of a parent may be related to increased emotional and behavioral difficulties for children, including higher rates of health-care visits for psychological problems during deployment. Second, symptoms of PTSD and depression may be related to increased symptomatology in children and problems with parenting during and well after reintegration. Third, although several treatments have been developed to address the needs of military families, most are untested or in the early stages of implementation and evaluation. This body of research suggests several promising avenues for future research.

  3. Personal values in soldiers after military deployment: associations with mental health and resilience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Zimmermann

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: After military deployment, soldiers are at an increased risk of developing posttraumatic psychiatric disorders. The correlation of personal values with symptoms, however, has not yet been examined within a military context. Method: Schwartz's Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ, the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (PDS, and the 11-item version of the Resilience Scale (RS-11 were completed by 117 soldiers of the German Armed Forces who had recently been deployed to Afghanistan (n=40 undergoing initial psychiatric treatment, n=77 untreated. Results: Logistic regression showed that the value types of hedonism (−, power (−, tradition (+, and universalism (+ were significantly correlated with the probability and severity of PTSD and whether the participant was in treatment or not. The effects were partially mediated by the RS-11 scale values. Conclusions: Value types seem to be associated with psychiatric symptoms in soldiers after deployment. These results could contribute to the further development of therapeutic approaches.

  4. Personal values in soldiers after military deployment: associations with mental health and resilience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmermann, Peter; Firnkes, Susanne; Kowalski, Jens T; Backus, Johannes; Siegel, Stefan; Willmund, Gerd; Maercker, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    After military deployment, soldiers are at an increased risk of developing posttraumatic psychiatric disorders. The correlation of personal values with symptoms, however, has not yet been examined within a military context. Schwartz's Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ), the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (PDS), and the 11-item version of the Resilience Scale (RS-11) were completed by 117 soldiers of the German Armed Forces who had recently been deployed to Afghanistan (n=40 undergoing initial psychiatric treatment, n=77 untreated). Logistic regression showed that the value types of hedonism (-), power (-), tradition (+), and universalism (+) were significantly correlated with the probability and severity of PTSD and whether the participant was in treatment or not. The effects were partially mediated by the RS-11 scale values. Value types seem to be associated with psychiatric symptoms in soldiers after deployment. These results could contribute to the further development of therapeutic approaches.

  5. Stress and mental disorders in female military personnel: comparisons between the sexes in a male dominated profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Natalie P; Medved, Maria; Wang, Jianli; Asmundson, Gordon J G; Whitney, Debbie; Sareen, Jitender

    2012-02-01

    The proportion of women in militaries is growing; however, many studies in the area of military mental health have been conducted with majority male samples. The present study examined sex differences in trauma exposure, work stress, and mental disorders in the Canadian Community Health Survey - Canadian Forces Supplement, a representative sample of 5155 regular force personnel and 3286 reservists ages 16-54. Past-year DSM-IV mental disorders (depression, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social phobia, PTSD, and alcohol dependence), lifetime exposure to 28 traumatic events, and work stress were assessed. Regular and reserve female personnel were less likely than males to experience deployment-related traumas, accidents, and several events involving violence (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] range 0.10-0.62). Women were more likely to endorse sexual trauma, partner abuse, and being stalked (AOR range 3.60-13.63). For work stress, regular force women reported higher levels of job demand and stress around social support than men, whereas regular and reserve force women reported less physical exertion. After adjusting for a range of covariates, regular female personnel were more likely than males to have PTSD (AOR 1.88, 99% CI 1.01-3.50), while reservist women were more likely than men to have depression, panic disorder, and any mood or anxiety disorder (AOR range 1.87-6.98). Both regular and reservist women had lower rates of alcohol dependence (AOR range 0.30-0.34). Clinicians working with female personnel should screen for trauma/stressors and mental disorders that are particularly common in this population.

  6. 14 CFR 249.21 - Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... operators and overseas military personnel charter operators. 249.21 Section 249.21 Aeronautics and Space... public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter operators. Each operator authorized... in connection with the tour or series of tours. (d) All customer reservations records for each...

  7. How Military Families Respond Before, During and After Deployment: Findings from the RAND Deployment Life Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    applied only to children younger than 11, not to teenagers . Neither teens’ parents nor the youths themselves reported behavioral difficulties. But...engage in different behaviors around deployments. These associations emerged even after controlling for family characteristics at the time of...rather than self -reported symptoms, might help mitigate problems before they can affect multiple family members. • Addressing problems around the time

  8. Suitcase-Sized Microbiology and Clinical Laboratories for Deployed Military Medical Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-10-01

    Navy personnel compared standard and portable laboratory test results on board a ship, at Camp Lejeune , North Carolina, and at Camp Ripley...deployments in jungle, desert, and cold weather environments. N " Results from the portable laboratories were comparable with those from standard...to Hemophilus influenzae, Neisseria menin- gitidis or Streptococcus pneumoniae. Reagents for the COAG test are antibodies attached to killed

  9. The Wellbeing of Army Personnel in Dual-Military Marriages

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    negative relationship between WFC and family satisfaction, suggesting that this buffering effect might not protect the family domain. REFERENCES...Culbertson, S. S., Huffman, A. H., & Connell, A. R. (2012). Assessing gender biases: Development and initial validation of the Gender Role Stereotypes ...personnel: The gender effect . Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC. Richard, L

  10. Sexual Risk Behavior Among Military Personnel Stationed at Border-Crossing Zones in the Dominican Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    military personnel, Dominican Republic Original research 1. Consejo Presidencial del SIDA (DR). Primera Encuesta de Vigilancia de Comportamiento con...del 2009, se aplicaron encuestas sobre com- portamiento a 498 miembros del personal militar que estaba en servicio activo en las tres zonas principales

  11. Assessment Mental Health and Musculoskeletal Disorders among Military Personnel in Bandar Abbas (Iran in 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Ashnagar

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Musculoskeletal disorders represent a major issue in the military setting. Musculoskeletal disorders and mental disorders (MSD are a major cause of disability in the working population. Musculoskeletal disorders and premature tiredness caused by work are arisen from incompatible individual work capacity and job demands. Physical and psychology condition may lead to the generation, amplification musculoskeletal disorders. Musculoskeletal disorders and mental health disorders are high in military personnel. The purpose of this study was Assessment Mental Health and musculoskeletal disorders in military personnel. In this cross-sectional study 70 personnel military participated in May 2016. Cornell Questionnaire and Mental health inventory (MHI-28 were used for data gathering. Finally, Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 20, descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation test and One Way Anova test. The findings of the current study showed that personnel situation of mental health were in moderate condition (56.01±13.3. Results Cornell Questionnaire showed that the most of musculoskeletal disorders were respectively in the back (46%, shoulder (34% and wrist (31%. Also Pearson correlation test showed significantly associated between musculoskeletal disorders and mental health (r=0.72 (p-value=0.001. One Way Anova test showed that with increase age (p

  12. Military Personnel Exhibit a Lower Presence of Obesity than the General U.S. Adult Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    307 Rankinen T & Bouchard C (2004) Fitness alters the associations of BMI and 308 waist circumference with total and abdominal fat. Obesity...either group. 152 Active duty military personnel are not included in the U.S. CDC national surveys 153 [e.g., NHANES, Behavioral Risk Factor

  13. Factors associated with substance use among Spanish military personnel involved in "Bosnia-Herzegovina".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas Pecino, Cristina; Castellano, Enrique; Trujillo, Humberto

    2017-01-12

    The use of both legal and illegal drugs has rarely been investigated among the Spanish military population involved in multinational military operations. The aim of the current study was to examine the consumption of drugs by Spanish military personnel in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the variables associated with such substance use. A total of 605 military personnel participated in the cross-sectional study. The participants' mean age was 25.9 years (SD = 5.9), and 93.9% of the sample was male. The majority of the participants were enlisted personnel (83.5%). The most widely used drugs were tobacco (54.2%), and alcohol (39.9%). With respect to illegal drugs, the results showed that the drug with the highest prevalence of "use at some point during a lifetime" was cannabis (36.2%), followed by cocaine (14.9%) and amphetamines (12.1%). The most important variable associated with a decrease in the consumption of illegal drugs was social support. Conversely, participants with friends who have used illegal drugs had an increased likelihood of drug consumption. Given that the use of drugs can adversely affect soldiers' performance, preventive measures should be applied in multinational military operations.

  14. Personnel Security during Joint Operations with Foreign Military Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    century society into the twenty-first century encounters a number of obstacles. Illiteracy and innumeracy rates are high, and repressive social values are...Operations with Foreign Military Forces Feature quickly degraded into executions for social infractions like blasphemy. Repression soon followed, and the...the Soviets inherited. Objective: Why Do They Hate Us? This article addresses the primary issue of the dramatic increase in the number of insider

  15. FY2014 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    potentially affect the welfare of military children as well as servicemembers’ ability to effectively serve their country. (See U.S. Department of...Background: The Transitional Assistance Management Program (TAMP) provides 180 days of premium-free transitional medical and dental benefits after...mental health. These provisions deal with varied mental health concerns, including post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury

  16. Military service, deployments, and exposures in relation to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis etiology and survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beard, John D; Kamel, Freya

    2015-01-01

    Rates of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been reported to be higher among US military veterans, who currently number more than 21 million, but the causal factor(s) has not been identified. We conducted a review to examine the weight of evidence for associations between military service, deployments, and exposures and ALS etiology and survival. Thirty articles or abstracts published through 2013 were reviewed. Although the current evidence suggests a positive association with ALS etiology, it is too limited to draw firm conclusions regarding associations between military service and ALS etiology or survival. Some evidence suggests that deployment to the 1990-1991 Persian Gulf War may be associated with ALS etiology, but there is currently no strong evidence that any particular military exposure is associated with ALS etiology. Future studies should address the limitations of previous ones, such as reliance on mortality as a surrogate for incidence, a dearth of survival analyses, lack of clinical data, low statistical power, and limited exposure assessment. The Genes and Environmental Exposures in Veterans with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (GENEVA) Study is one such study, but additional research is needed to determine whether military-related factors are associated with ALS and to assess potential prevention strategies.

  17. Jet Fuel Exposure and Neurological Health in Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Proctor SP, Ozonoff A, McClean MD. J. Occupational and Environmental Hygiene , 2010; 7:563-572. Urinary biomarkers of occupational jet fuel (JP8...among U.S. Air Force personnel. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene ; 2010;7: 563- 572. Smith KW, Proctor SP, Ozonoff A, McClean MD...the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology Conference (Dublin, Ireland), August 2009. 4. Rodrigues EG, Merchant -Borna K, Smith KW

  18. Jet Fuel Exposure and Neurological Health in Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    Dominique Chevallier,, Laurent-Charles Antoinc,1 Odile Morin,, and Claire Segala,* *SEPIA- Sante , BAUD. France; fDRASS Pays de Loire, NANTES. France...neurobehavior, neurological health, exposure assessment 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME...Repeated workday exposure and central nervous system functioning among Air Force personnel. Tier I Inhalation exposure to jet fuel (JP8) among US Air

  19. Overweight and obesity trends among active duty military personnel: a 13-year perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes-Guzman, Carolyn M; Bray, Robert M; Forman-Hoffman, Valerie L; Williams, Jason

    2015-02-01

    The U.S. population has shown increasing rates of overweight and obesity in recent years, but similar analyses do not exist for U.S. military personnel. It is important to understand these patterns in the military because of their impact on fitness and readiness. To assess prevalence and trends in overweight/obesity among U.S. service members and to examine the associations of sociodemographic characteristics, exercise, depression, and substance use with these patterns. Analyses performed in 2013 used five large population-based health-related behavior surveys conducted from 1995 to 2008. Main outcome measures were overweight and obesity among active duty military personnel based on BMI. Combined overweight and obesity (BMI≥25) increased from 50.6% in 1995 to 60.8% in 2008, primarily driven by the rise in obesity (BMI≥30) from 5.0% to 12.7%. For overweight, military women showed the largest increase. For obesity, all sociodemographic groups showed significant increases, with the largest among warrant officers, senior enlisted personnel, and people aged 36-45 years. Adjusted multinomial logit analyses found that service members aged 26 years and older, men, non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics, enlisted personnel, married personnel, and heavy drinkers had the highest risk both for overweight and obesity. Combined overweight and obesity in active duty personnel rose to more than 60% between 1995 and 2008, primarily because of increased obesity. The high prevalence of overweight and obesity needs attention and has implications for Department of Defense efforts to improve the health, fitness, readiness, and quality of life of the Active Forces. Copyright © 2015 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Recruiting, Retention, and Future Levels of Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-10-01

    Washington,DC,20515-6925 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/ MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S...pays the base benefit under the Montgomery GI Bill, but the individual military services may pay “ kickers ” that enhance the DoD-wide benefit. Increases...in the GI Bill’s base benefit have enabled the Army to reduce its payments for kickers by over one-half between 2000 and 2005.54 Scenario 800

  1. Assessing PTSD in the military: Validation of a scale distributed to Danish soldiers after deployment since 1998

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karstoft, Karen-Inge; Andersen, Søren Bo; Nielsen, Anni Brit Sternhagen

    2017-01-01

    a measure of depression distributed to all personnel deployed with the Danish Defense since 1998. The main focus was establishing a sufficient sum score and measurement invariance relative to deployment cohort. Method: Two cohorts of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) deployed to Afghanistan...

  2. Promoting parenting to support reintegrating military families: after deployment, adaptive parenting tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gewirtz, Abigail H; Pinna, Keri L M; Hanson, Sheila K; Brockberg, Dustin

    2014-02-01

    The high operational tempo of the current conflicts and the unprecedented reliance on National Guard and Reserve forces highlights the need for services to promote reintegration efforts for those transitioning back to civilian family life. Despite evidence that parenting has significant influence on children's functioning, and that parenting may be impaired during stressful family transitions, there is a dearth of empirically supported psychological interventions tailored for military families reintegrating after deployment. This article reports on the modification of an empirically supported parenting intervention for families in which a parent has deployed to war. A theoretical rationale for addressing parenting during reintegration after deployment is discussed. We describe the intervention, After Deployment, Adaptive Parenting Tools (ADAPT), and report early feasibility and acceptability data from a randomized controlled effectiveness trial of ADAPT, a 14-week group-based, Web-enhanced parenting training program. Among the first 42 families assigned to the intervention group, participation rates were high, and equal among mothers and fathers. Satisfaction was high across all 14 sessions. Implications for psychological services to military families dealing with the deployment process are discussed.

  3. Improved resiliency and well-being among military personnel in a Swedish Naval Force after a counter-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bäccman, Charlotte; Hjärthag, Fredrik; Almqvist, Kjerstin

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this study was to explore: (1) how the psychological health of the members of the first European Union Naval Force (ME01) was affected by international deployment off the coast of Somalia; and (2) if and how organizational and personal factors (e.g., type of personnel category, previous experiences, and resilience) affected their psychological health and well-being post-deployment. The study had an exploratory longitudinal design, where the participants were assessed both before and after deployment (i.e., T1 and T2). The participants (n = 129, 120 men, 9 women) were equally distributed between officers (n = 68; 64 men, 4 women) and sailors (n = 61; 56 men, 5 women). The members' average age was 31 years, ranging from 20 to 61. For the majority (78%) ME01 was their first international deployment and officers were, in general, more experienced than sailors. The overall results showed that the members' reported a positive experience with improved resilience and well-being (e.g., sense of coherence). However, the result also showed that type of personnel category (i.e., officer or sailor) affected their psychological health. Why and how these differences among military personnel arise is discussed, but deserves further attention.

  4. The Consequences of Modern Military Deployment on Calcium Status and Bone Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    tobacco use, high bone turnover rates, and family history of osteoporosis all contribute to a higher risk of osteoporosis .23 During the physical... pregnancy status. Pregnancy was confirmed in 1 woman; she was ineligible for deployment and for continuation in the study. Another female soldier became...risk of osteoporosis .29 The department’s research efforts have been primarily directed at ways to prevent stress fractures in new military recruits

  5. Fathering after military deployment: parenting challenges and goals of fathers of young children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Tova B; Dayton, Carolyn J; Erwin, Michael S; Muzik, Maria; Busuito, Alexandra; Rosenblum, Katherine L

    2014-02-01

    Although often eagerly anticipated, reunification after deployment poses challenges for families, including adjusting to the parent-soldier's return, re-establishing roles and routines, and the potentially necessary accommodation to combat-related injuries or psychological effects. Fourteen male service members, previously deployed to a combat zone, parent to at least one child under seven years of age, were interviewed about their relationships with their young children. Principles of grounded theory guided data analysis to identify key themes related to parenting young children after deployment. Participants reported significant levels of parenting stress and identified specific challenges, including difficulty reconnecting with children, adapting expectations from military to family life, and coparenting. Fathers acknowledged regret about missing an important period in their child's development and indicated a strong desire to improve their parenting skills. They described a need for support in expressing emotions, nurturing, and managing their tempers. Results affirm the need for support to military families during reintegration and demonstrate that military fathers are receptive to opportunities to engage in parenting interventions. Helping fathers understand their children's behavior in the context of age-typical responses to separation and reunion may help them to renew parent-child relationships and reengage in optimal parenting of their young children.

  6. Relationship between general nutrition knowledge and diet quality in Australian military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kullen, Charina J; Farrugia, Jamie-Lee; Prvan, Tania; O'Connor, Helen T

    2016-04-01

    A balanced diet informed by sound nutrition knowledge is key for operational readiness and the health of military personnel. Unfortunately, research suggests that military personnel have inadequate dietary intakes. This study assessed general nutrition knowledge, diet quality and their association in Australian military personnel. A convenience sample of male military personnel (n 211) including Army soldiers and officers completed a validated general nutrition knowledge questionnaire (GNKQ) and FFQ. The GNKQ assessed knowledge of dietary guidelines (Section A), sources of nutrients (Section B), choosing everyday foods (Section C) and diet-disease relationships (Section D). The Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS) was used to assess diet quality from FFQ data. Statistical analyses included the χ 2 test, Spearman's correlation test, t test, median test, ANCOVA and ordinal logistic regression. The mean total GNKQ score was 52·7 %. Participants performed best on Section A (58·5 %) followed by Sections B (57·3 %) and C (57·0 %) and worst on Section D (31·0 %). Overall, officers scored significantly higher than soldiers (58·7 v. 51·9 %, P=0·001). Age was weakly but positively correlated with GNKQ total scores (r 0·307; P<0·0005), with no significant effects seen for level of education (P=0·463) or living arrangement (P=0·167). Overall ARFS was 37·6 (sd 7·7) (50·8 %) with officers scoring significantly higher than soldiers (54·7 v. 50·3 %, P=0·040). No demographic variables influenced total ARFS. The total GNKQ score had a significant, positive but weak relationship with total ARFS (r 0·179; P=0·009). Given the importance of nutrition to personnel health and operational readiness, initiatives to improve nutrition knowledge and diet quality are recommended in this population, especially in soldiers.

  7. Military Medics' Insight Into Providing Women's Health Care in Deployed Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Candy; Corrigan, Robert; Reese, Sharon; Almonte, Angelica; Simpson, Danielle; Wilson, Amber

    2016-11-01

    To gain better understanding of the military medics' (Navy Independent Duty Corpsman, Air Force Independent Duty Medical Technician, and Army Health Care Specialist, experiences providing health care for women in the deployed or ship setting. The researchers used an exploratory, descriptive design informed by ethnography. A total of 86 individuals participated in the focus group and individual interviews. Three themes were identified: Training Fidelity, Advocate Leader, and The Challenges of Providing Patient Care. Experience in austere settings has convinced a number of medics they need additional women's health care topics in every facet of their training. They further suggested such training should be provided in stepwise fashion, beginning with initial, technical training courses and continuing through medical skills sustainment platforms. They were especially interested in basic women's health concerns. Topics suggested included vaginal infections, urinary tract infections, and birth control management. Although the advancement of women in the military continues to make strides-it is clear the availability of quality women's health care that women feel comfortable accessing may be its defining limitation. Medics are an excellent conduit for reinforcing these healthy messages and providing first-line treatment to deployed military women. Reprint & Copyright © 2016 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  8. Behavior characteristics of the attention network of military personnel with high and low trait anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Yu; Cai, Wenpeng; Dong, Wei; Xiao, Jie; Yan, Jin; Cheng, Qi

    2017-04-01

    Converging evidence reveals significant increase in both state anxiety and trait anxiety during the past 2 decades among military servicemen and servicewomen in China. In the present study, we employed the Chinese version of the State-trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) to examine trait and state anxiety in Chinese military servicemen and servicewomen. We further evaluated orienting, alerting and execution inhibition using the attention network test.Healthy military servicemen and servicewomen were recruited for the present study. The STAI was used to measure both state and trait anxiety and the attention network test was done to determine reaction time and accuracy rate.Fifty-seven subjects were eligible for the study. Their mean STAI score was 3.2 ± 2.8 (range, 1-17) and 29 (50.9%) subjects were categorized into the high trait anxiety group and 28 (49.1%) subjects into the low trait anxiety group. The reaction time of the high trait anxiety group to incongruent, congruent, and neutral target was significantly longer than that of the low trait anxiety group (P military service personnel with high trait anxiety requires more time for cognitive processing of external information but exhibits enhanced reaction accuracy rate compared to those with low trait anxiety. Our findings indicate that interventional strategies to improve the psychological wellbeing of military service personnel should be implemented to improve combat mission performance.

  9. Prevalence of Tuberculosis among Veterans, Military Personnel and their Families in East Azerbaijan Province Violators of the last 15 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azad Aminjan, Maboud; Moaddab, Seyyed Reza; Hosseini Ravandi, Mohammad; Kazemi Haki, Behzad

    2015-10-01

    Nowadays in the world, tuberculosis is the second largest killer of adults after HIV. Due to the location of presidios that is mostly located in hazardous zones soldiers and army personnel are considered high risk, therefore we decided to determine the prevalence of tuberculosis status in this group of people. This was a cross-sectional descriptive research that studied the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in soldiers and military personnel in the last 15 years in tuberculosis and lung disease research center at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. The statistical population consisted of all the soldiers and military personnel. The detection method in this study was based on microscopic examination following Ziehl-Neelsen Stain and in Leuven Stein Johnson culturing. Descriptive statistics was used for statistical analysis and statistical values less than 0.05 were considered significant. By review information in this center since the 1988-2013 with 72 military personnel suffering from tuberculosis, it was revealed that among them 30 women, 42 men, 14 soldiers, 29 family members, and 29 military personnel are pointed. A significant correlation was found between TB rates among military personnel and their families. Although in recent years, the national statistics indicate a decline of tuberculosis, but the results of our study showed that TB is still a serious disease that must comply with the first symptoms of tuberculosis in military personnel and their families that should be diagnosed as soon as possible.

  10. Persistence of Serogroup C Antibody Responses Following Quadrivalent Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccination in United States Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-14

    6. AUTHORS Manisha Patel, Sandra Romero- Steiner , Michael P. Broderick, Cynthia G. Thomas, Brian D. Plikaytis, Daniel S. Schmidt, Scott E. Johnson ...States Military Personnel Manisha Patel Sandra Romero- Steiner Andrea S. Milton Michael P. Broderick George M. Carlone Cynthia G. Thomas Thomas...A. Clark Brian D. Plikaytis Nancy E. Messonnier Daniel S. Schmidt Amanda C. Cohn Scott E. Johnson Dennis J. Faix Report No. 13-07 The

  11. A Methodology for Modeling the Flow of Military Personnel Across Air Force Active and Reserve Components

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    for pilots will depend on the • number of active component pilots who separate • fraction of separating pilots who affiliate with the reserve ...when tracking economic output over a period of time. GDP data were collected from the Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED), Federal Reserve Bank of St...C O R P O R A T I O N Research Report A Methodology for Modeling the Flow of Military Personnel Across Air Force Active and Reserve Components

  12. Prospective post traumatic stress disorder symptom trajectories in active duty and separated military personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-30

    by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).Military personnel are often...with missing endogenous variables. Prior research has shown this method to be an efficient and unbiased estimation technique under certain...years ( Armour et al., 2012; Berntsen et al., 2012; Pietrzak et al., 2013). This difference in temporal sensitivity limits compar- ison of such results

  13. Draft Genome Sequences of Escherichia coli Isolates from Wounded Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arivett, Brock A; Ream, Dave C; Fiester, Steven E; Kidane, Destaalem; Actis, Luis A

    2016-08-11

    Members of the Escherichia coli bacterial family have been grouped as ESKAPE (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species) pathogens because of their extensive drug resistance phenotypes and increasing threat to human health. The genomes of six extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli strains isolated from wounded military personnel were sequenced and annotated.

  14. Draft Genome Sequences of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates from Wounded Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arivett, Brock A; Ream, Dave C; Fiester, Steven E; Kidane, Destaalem; Actis, Luis A

    2016-08-11

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram-negative bacterium that causes severe hospital-acquired infections, is grouped as an ESKAPE (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species) pathogen because of its extensive drug resistance phenotypes and effects on human health worldwide. Five multidrug resistant P. aeruginosa strains isolated from wounded military personnel were sequenced and annotated in this work.

  15. Draft Genome Sequences of Acinetobacter baumannii Isolates from Wounded Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arivett, Brock A; Ream, Dave C; Fiester, Steven E; Kidane, Destaalem; Actis, Luis A

    2016-08-25

    Acinetobacter baumannii is a Gram-negative bacterium capable of causing hospital-acquired infections that has been grouped with Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species as ESKAPE pathogens because of their extensive drug resistance phenotypes and increasing risk to human health. Twenty-four multidrug-resistant A. baumannii strains isolated from wounded military personnel were sequenced and annotated.

  16. Military Nutrition Research: Four Tasks to Address Personnel Readiness and Warfighter Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    CJ Baker-Fulco, JP DeLany, and RW Hoyt. Energy requirements of military personnel. Appetite 44:47-65, 2005 45. Dallman PR: Biochemical...RA Neese, D Dare, MK Hellerstein. Effect of diet on leptin : a signal of surplus dietary fat in lean and obese men. Diabetes (Suppl. 1) 46: 245A...treatment on circulating leptin and adiponectin concentrations in patients with HIV-associated fat accumulation. Antiviral Therapy 9:L4, 2004. 24

  17. Norfloxacin for the Prophylaxis of Travelers’ Diarrhea in U.S. Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    5055 PROGRAM PROJECT TASK WORK UNIT ELEMENT NO. NO. NO. ACCESSION NO ": N/A ! I. TITLE (incluce Security Classification) NORFLOXACIN FOR.THE PROPHYLAXIS...HF4en" NORFLOXACIN FOR THE PROPHYLAXIS OF TRAVELERS’ DIARRHEA IN U.S. MILITARY PERSONNEL DANIEL A. SCOTT. RICHARD L. HABERBERGER, SCOTT A- FHORNTON... Norfloxacin . an oral fluoroquinolone (dose 400 mg daily). was compared to a placebo in a double blinded randomized tral for the prophylaxis of travelers

  18. Psychological morbidity, quality of life, and self-rated health in the military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Han-Wei; Tzeng, Wen-Chii; Chou, Yu-Ching; Yeh, Hui-Wen; Chang, Hsin-An; Kao, Yu-Cheng; Tzeng, Nian-Sheng

    2014-01-01

    The mental health of military personnel varies as a result of different cultural, political, and administrative factors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychological morbidity and quality of life of military personnel in Taiwan. This cross-sectional study utilized the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument, brief version, Taiwan version, the General Health Questionnaire-12, Chinese version, and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) in several military units. More than half of the subjects (55.3%) identified themselves as mentally unhealthy on the General Health Questionnaire-12, Chinese version; however, a higher percentage of officers perceived themselves as healthy (57.4%) than did noncommissioned officers (38.5%) or enlisted men (42.2%). Officers also had higher total quality of life (QOL) scores (83.98) than did enlisted men (79.67). Scores on the VAS also varied: officers: 72.5; noncommissioned officers: 67.7; and enlisted men: 66.3. The VAS and QOL were positively correlated with perceived mental health among these military personnel. Our subjects had higher rates of perceiving themselves as mentally unhealthy compared to the general population. Those of higher rank perceived themselves as having better mental health and QOL. Improving mental health could result in a better QOL in the military. The VAS may be a useful tool for the rapid screening of self-reported mental health, which may be suitable in cases of stressful missions, such as in disaster rescue; however, more studies are needed to determine the optimal cut-off point of this measurement tool.

  19. A predeployment trauma team training course creates confidence in teamwork and clinical skills: a post-Afghanistan deployment validation study of Canadian Forces healthcare personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, Thomas; Hennecke, Peter; Garraway, Naisan Robert; Evans, David C; Hameed, Morad; Simons, Richard K; Doucet, Jay; Hansen, Daniel; Annand, Siobhan; Bell, Nathaniel; Brown, D Ross

    2011-11-01

    The 10-day Intensive Trauma Team Training Course (ITTTC) was developed by the Canadian Forces (CFs) to teach teamwork and clinical trauma skills to military healthcare personnel before deploying to Afghanistan. This article attempts to validate the impact of the ITTTC by surveying participants postdeployment. A survey consisting of Likert-type multiple-choice questions was created and sent to all previous ITTTC participants. The survey asked respondents to rate their confidence in applying teamwork skills and clinical skills learned in the ITTTC. It explored the relevancy of objectives and participants' prior familiarity with the objectives. The impact of different training modalities was also surveyed. The survey showed that on average 84.29% of participants were "confident" or "very confident" in applying teamwork skills to their subsequent clinical experience and 52.10% were "confident" or "very confident" in applying clinical knowledge and skills. On average 43.74% of participants were "familiar" or "very familiar" with the clinical topics before the course, indicating the importance of training these skills. Participants found that clinical shadowing was significantly less valuable in training clinical skills than either animal laboratory experience or experience in human patient simulators; 68.57% respondents thought that ITTTC was "important" or "very important" in their training. The ITTTC created lasting self-reported confidence in CFs healthcare personnel surveyed upon return from Afghanistan. This validates the importance of the course for the training of CFs healthcare personnel and supports the value of team training in other areas of trauma and medicine.

  20. The impact of fathers' military deployment on child adjustment. The support needs of primary school children and their families separated during active military service: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pexton, Sharon; Farrants, Jacqui; Yule, William

    2017-09-01

    Although direct exposure to war-related trauma negatively impacts children's psychological well-being, little is known about this impact within the context of parental military deployment to a combat zone and 'indirect' experience of the effects of armed conflict. This study investigates the impact of father's military deployment to Afghanistan on child well-being in primary schoolchildren and compares measures of adjustment with a matched group of children with fathers deployed on military training (non-combat) deployment. Data were collected within primary schools in 2011-2012 from 52 children aged 8-11 years with fathers deploying to Afghanistan ( n = 26) and fathers deploying on military training ( n = 26) via self-completion of questionnaires assessing symptoms of anxiety, depression, stress and levels of self-esteem. Data were collected in both groups, at pre-, mid- and post-parental deployment. Class teachers and parents (non-deployed) completed a measure of child behaviour and parents completed a measure of parenting stress and general health. Unexpectedly child adjustment difficulties were not significantly raised in children whose parents deployed to Afghanistan. Ratings of behavioural difficulties and depression were low in both groups. However, clinically elevated levels of anxiety and stress symptoms were reported by both groups of children at each stage of deployment. No associations between parental stress, parental mental health and child adjustment were found. High levels of children's anxiety and stress reported during fathers' active military service warrant further investigation. Implications for school and health monitoring and CAMHS community liaison work are discussed.

  1. Military Personnel: Additional Steps Are Needed to Strengthen DOD’s Oversight of Ethics and Professionalism Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    Business Conduct, Waltham, Massachusetts Lockheed Martin Corporation Office of Ethics and Business Conduct EthicsOne, Inc. Executive Leadership, Boston...MILITARY PERSONNEL Additional Steps Are Needed to Strengthen DOD’s Oversight of Ethics and Professionalism Issues...DATES COVERED 00-00-2015 to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Military Personnel: Additional Steps Are Needed to Strengthen DOD’s Oversight of Ethics

  2. Evaluation of a Family-Centered Prevention Intervention for Military Children and Families Facing Wartime Deployments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltzman, William R.; Woodward, Kirsten; Glover, Dorie; Leskin, Gregory A.; Bursch, Brenda; Pynoos, Robert; Beardslee, William

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. We evaluated the Families OverComing Under Stress program, which provides resiliency training designed to enhance family psychological health in US military families affected by combat- and deployment-related stress. Methods. We performed a secondary analysis of Families OverComing Under Stress program evaluation data that was collected between July 2008 and February 2010 at 11 military installations in the United States and Japan. We present data at baseline for 488 unique families (742 parents and 873 children) and pre–post outcomes for 331 families. Results. Family members reported high levels of satisfaction with the program and positive impact on parent–child indicators. Psychological distress levels were elevated for service members, civilian parents, and children at program entry compared with community norms. Change scores showed significant improvements across all measures for service member and civilian parents and their children (P < .001). Conclusions. Evaluation data provided preliminary support for a strength-based, trauma-informed military family prevention program to promote resiliency and mitigate the impact of wartime deployment stress. PMID:22033756

  3. Job Satisfaction and the Perceived Organizational Culture of U.S. Military and Military Affiliated Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diffenauer, Deborah A.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between demographic characteristics, level of job satisfaction, and current/preferred organizational culture in a sample of 139 off-campus military degree program participants. Responses were received from undergraduate students in the fields of engineering, applied sciences and arts, and education. "The Job…

  4. Personnel selection between aptitude tests and character assessment. The changing expertise of military psychologists in Germany, 1914-1942

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Petri, S

    2004-01-01

    This article traces the changing methodological principles in the process of the institutionalization of German military psychology. The paper argues that during the development of selection procedures for officer cadets, military psychologists shaped their tests along the general lines of personnel

  5. The Effectiveness of Information Technology Simulation and Security Awareness Training on U.S Military Personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstead, Stanley K.

    2017-01-01

    In today's dynamic military environment, information technology plays a crucial role in the support of mission preparedness and operational readiness. This research examined the effectiveness of information technology security simulation and awareness training on U.S. military personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan. Also, the study analyzed whether…

  6. The Benefits of High-Intensity Functional Training Fitness Programs for Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddock, Christopher K; Poston, Walker S C; Heinrich, Katie M; Jahnke, Sara A; Jitnarin, Nattinee

    2016-11-01

    High intensity functional training (HIFT) programs are designed to address multiple fitness domains, potentially providing improved physical and mental readiness in a changing operational environment. Programs consistent with HIFT principals such as CrossFit, SEALFIT and the US Marine Corps' High Intensity Tactical Training (HITT) are increasingly popular among military personnel. The goal of HIFT programs is to produce high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, endurance and strength that exceed those achieved by following current physical activity recommendations. Given the investment in and popularity of HIFT in the military, it is important to consider the potential impact of this approach to fitness training for the health of military personnel and their risk of training injury. In a previous report in this journal, we addressed the question of whether HIFT was associated with higher injury rates compared to other exercise programs. We argued that concerns about the injury potential of HIFT exercise programs were not supported by the scientific literature to date, although additional research was needed to directly compare injury rates in approaches such as CrossFit to traditional military fitness programs. In this article we will review the scientific data on the practical, health and fitness benefits of HIFT exercise programs for military populations. Practical benefits to HIFT exercise programs include shorter training times and volumes, exercises which simulate combat tasks, lower equipment costs, reduced potential for boredom and adaptation as a result of constant variation, less injury potential compared to high volume endurance training, and scalability to all fitness levels and rehabilitation needs. For instance, HIFT training volumes are typically between 25% to nearly 80% less than traditional military fitness programs without reductions in fitness outcomes. HIFT program also provide an impressive range of health benefits such as the promotion of

  7. Community-based screening for pre-hypertension among military active duty personnel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Moataz M. Abdel-Fattah; Fayssal M. Farahat; Abdul-Salam A. Al-Shehri

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study to determine the prevalence of both pre-hypertension and hypertension and risk factors associated with newly diagnosed Saudi military active duty service personnel. Methods: Community-based screening of 1283 Saudi military active duty service personnel was conducted during the period September - December 2007 at six randomly selected out of a total of 15 military units of Taif region, Western of Saudi Arabia. Screening tools included self-administrated questionnaire, general physical examination, anthropometric measurements and assessment of blood pressure. Results: All par-ticipants were Saudi males. Their age ranged from 19-56 years old with mean ± SD of 37.2 ± 7.02. By applying the Joint Na-tional Committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high hypertension (JNC-7) criteria, 214 ( 17.3 % ) were considered pre-hypertensive. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that obesity as measured by body mass index ( OR = 2.71 CI: 1.39-5.28 ), positive family history ( OR = 1.46 CI: 1.03-2.06 ), ever smoking ( OR = 1.45 CI: 1.05-2.02), and in-creased waist circumference ( OR = 1.04 CI:1. 02-1.06) were the significant predictors of workplace newly diagnosed hyperten-sion among military active duty personnel. Conclusion: Pre-hypertension is a common hidden problem and it predicts the devel-opment of frank hypertension. Findings of the current study support the recommendation of lifestyle modification for pre-hyperten-sion patients. However, further prospective studied are required to determine the role of pharmacotherapy in pre-hypertension.

  8. [Experience in organization of drug supply for military personnel and military retirees in the United States].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miroshnichenko, Iu V; Gaĭnov, V S

    2012-01-01

    In the U.S. troops and military retirees realize the right to obtain drugs by participating in a nationwide managed care program TRICARE under the routines TRICARE Pharmacy. Militarily, the U.S. health care holding drug based on the Basic Core Formulary and Extended Core Formulary, which are developed by US Department of Defense Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee. Realization of subprogram TRICARE Pharmacy is performed by Express Scripts.

  9. Occupational exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment: measurements and simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paljanos, Annamaria; Miclaus, Simona; Munteanu, Calin

    2015-09-01

    Technical literature provides numerous studies concerning radiofrequency exposure measurements for various radio communication devices, but there are few studies related to exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment. In order to evaluate exposure and identify cases when safety requirements are not entirely met, both measurements and simulations are needed for accurate results. Moreover, given the technical characteristics of the radio devices used in the military, personnel mainly operate in the near-field region so both measurements and simulation becomes more complex. Measurements were made in situ using a broadband personal exposimeter equipped with two isotropic probes for both electric and magnetic components of the field. The experiment was designed for three different operating frequencies of the same radio equipment, while simulations were made in FEKO software using hybrid numerical methods to solve complex electromagnetic field problems. The paper aims to discuss the comparative results of the measurements and simulation, as well as comparing them to reference levels specified in military or civilian radiofrequency exposure standards.

  10. Relationship between acute stress and sleep disorder in grass-root military personnel: mediating effect of social support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qi-Jun; Zhang, Qiao-Li; Sun, Xin-Yang; Zhang, Li-Yi; Zhang, Si-Yuan; Yao, Gao-Feng; Chen, Chun-Xia; Kong, Ling-Ming

    2014-01-01

    Sleep disorder induced by acute stress has always been an important topic for study among the general population. However, the mediating effect of social support between acute stress and sleep disorder has rarely been reported before. A total of 2,411 grass-root military personnel were randomly selected by cluster sampling, and administered the Chinese Military Personnel Sleep Disorder Scale, Military Acute Stress Scale and Social Support Rating Scale. The total score of acute stress scale was positively correlated with the total score and factor scores of sleep disorder scale (r = 0.209 ~ 0.465, P military personnel. Well-established social support could alleviate sleep disorder induced by acute stress. Lack of social support was a partial mediator between acute stress and sleep disorder.

  11. Nutritional management of critically ill trauma patients in the deployed military setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, J O; Turner, S; Johnston, A McD

    2011-09-01

    The role of nutritional support in critical illness is well established. This article reviews the nutritional management of military trauma patients in the deployed setting, which poses special challenges for the surgeon and intensivist. There is little direct evidence relating to the nutritional management of trauma patients in general, and military trauma patients in particular, but much of the evidence accrued in the civilian and non-trauma critical care setting can be extrapolated to military practice. There is strong consensus that feeding should be commenced as soon possible after injury. Enteral nutrition should be used in preference to parenteral nutrition whenever possible. If available, supplemental parenteral feeding can be considered if enteral delivery is insufficient. Gastrointestinal anastomoses and repairs, including those in the upper gastrointestinal tract, are not a contraindication to early enteral feeding. Intragastric delivery is more physiological and usually more convenient than postpyloric feeding, and thus the preferred route for the initiation of nutritional support. Feeding gastrostomies or jejunostomies should not be used for short-term nutritional support. Enteral feeding of patients with an open abdomen does not delay closure and may reduce the incidence of pneumonia, and enteral nutrition should be continued for scheduled relook surgery not involving hollow viscera or airway. Glutamine supplementation may improve outcome in trauma patients, but fish-oil containing feeds, while showing some promise, should be reserved for subgroups of patients with ARDS.

  12. The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Different Obesity Phenotype in Iranian Male Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payab, Moloud; Hasani-Ranjbar, Shirin; Merati, Yaser; Esteghamati, Alireza; Qorbani, Mostafa; Hematabadi, Mahboobeh; Rashidian, Hoda; Shirzad, Nooshin

    2017-03-01

    Obesity, especially when concentrated in the abdominal area, is often associated with the presence of metabolic syndrome. Stress, particularly occupational stress, is one of the most important factors contributing to the increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome components among different populations. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as the criteria for metabolic syndrome and its risk factors and different obesity phenotype in a population of military personnel aged 20 to 65 years. This study is a retrospective cross-sectional study in which data are extracted from the database of a military hospital (2,200 participants). The records of participants contained information such as age, marital status, educational level, weight, height, body mass index, blood pressure, waist circumference, history of drug use and smoking, as well as the results of tests including lipid profile and fasting blood glucose. The Adult Treatment Panel III criteria as well as two national criteria were used to identify metabolic syndrome among participants. Data analysis was p1erformed using SPSS version 16. The average age of participants was 33.37 (7.75) years. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to Iranian cutoff was 26.6% for the waist circumference >90 cm (585 persons) and 19.6% for the waist circumference >95 cm (432 persons). The rate of metabolic syndrome was identified as 11.1% (432 cases) according to Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Results of the current study identified that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among military individuals is less than other populations, but the prevalence of the syndrome is higher than other military personnel in other countries.

  13. Hepatitis B infection following deployment to Angola.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croft, A M; Ollerton, J E; Fear, N T

    2008-01-01

    We describe the clinical illness and long-term follow up of two British personnel who acquired hepatitis B infection during a 3-month UN mission to Angola. Medical officers need to be familiar with this viral illness, which may present in military personnel after any exercise in or deployment to the tropics or subtropics.

  14. Decreasing Non-Deployables: A Critical Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    scheduled for ETS/retirement; 203 were non-deployable for parenthood issues ( parenthood is defined as a military mother of a new born or one parent of a...personnel policies during contingency operations into a single document. Based on the vast number of personnel changes during the Global War on

  15. Alcohol use and substance use disorders in Gulf War, Afghanistan, and Iraq War veterans compared with nondeployed military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelsall, Helen Louise; Wijesinghe, Millawage Supun Dilara; Creamer, Mark Christopher; McKenzie, Dean Philip; Forbes, Andrew Benjamin; Page, Matthew James; Sim, Malcolm Ross

    2015-01-01

    Although recent veterans have been found to be at increased risk of psychiatric disorders, limited research has focused on alcohol or substance use disorders. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined whether alcohol or substance use disorders were more common in Gulf War, Afghanistan, and Iraq War veterans compared with military comparison groups nondeployed to the corresponding conflict, including never deployed personnel. Literature was searched (1990-2014) in multiple electronic databases. Studies were assessed for eligibility and quality, including risk of bias. Eighteen studies (1997-2014) met inclusion criteria. Pooled analysis based on a random-effects model yielded a summary odds ratio of 1.33 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.22, 1.46) for alcohol (7 studies) and 2.13 (95% CI: 0.96, 4.72) for substance use (3 studies) disorders among Gulf War veterans, as well as 1.36 (95% CI: 1.11, 1.66) for alcohol (7 studies) and 1.14 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.25) for substance use (4 studies) disorders among Iraq/Afghanistan veterans; meta-regressions found no statistically significant association between theater of war and alcohol use or substance use disorders. Our findings indicate that Gulf and Iraq/Afghanistan war veterans are at higher alcohol use disorder risk than nondeployed veterans, but further studies with increased power are needed to assess substance use disorder risk in Gulf War veteran populations. © Commonwealth of Australia 2015.

  16. Laser in situ keratomileusis surgery is not safe for military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Jian-He; Zhang, Mao-Nian; Jiang, Cai-Hui; Zhang, Ying; Qiu, Huai-Yu

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the relationship between eye injury and laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery in military personnel. This retrospective study collected the data from 27 evacuation hospitals of Chinese army. All medical records of eye injuries in military personnel admitted to the 27 hospitals between January 2006 and December 2010 were reviewed. Patients'detailed information was analyzed, including the injury time, place, type, cause, as well as examination, treatment and outcome. There were 72 eye-injured patients who had been treated by LASIK before. The incidence was rising year by year. Among them, 69 patients were diagnosed with mechanical ocular injury and 3 with non-mechanical ocular injury; 29 patients had traumatic flap-related complications and 21 patients need surgery. There was statistical difference when compared with those having no refractive surgery history. Visual acuity recovered well at discharge. There is a high risk of potential traumatic flap problems after LASIK and it is not recommended in army service.

  17. Characteristics of Adenovirus Pneumonia in Korean Military Personnel, 2012-2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Hee; Jhun, Byung Woo; Kim, Hojoong; Yoo, Hongseok; Park, Sung Bum

    2017-02-01

    Adenovirus (AdV) can cause severe pneumonia in non-immunocompromised host, but limited data exist on the distinctive characteristics of AdV pneumonia in non-immunocompromised patients. We evaluated distinctive clinico-laboratory and radiological characteristics and outcomes of AdV pneumonia (n = 179), compared with non-AdV pneumonia (n = 188) in Korean military personnel between 2012 and 2016. AdV pneumonia patients had a higher rate of consolidation with ground-glass opacity (101/152) in lobar distribution (89/152) on computed tomography (CT) (P pneumonia patients. Bacterial co-infection was identified in 28.5% of AdV pneumonia. Most of the AdV isolates typed (69/72, 95.8%) were AdV-55. Patients with a pneumonia severity index ≥ class III were more commonly observed in AdV pneumonia patients compared with non-AdV pneumonia patients (11.2% vs. 2.1%, P pneumonia patients compared with the non-AdV pneumonia patients (3.8 vs. 2.6 days, P pneumonia patients, one of whom died due to AdV-55. Our data showed that AdV pneumonia in non-immunocompromised patients had distinct characteristics and most of the isolates typed in our study were AdV-55. It is suggested that AdV-55 is an important pathogen of pneumonia in Korean military personnel.

  18. How reliable are the equations for predicting maximal heart rate values in military personnel?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sporis, Goran; Vucetic, Vlatko; Jukic, Igor; Omrcen, Darija; Bok, Daniel; Custonja, Zrinko

    2011-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of equations for predicting maximal values of heart rate (HR) in military personnel. Five hundred and nine members of the Croatian Armed Forces (age 29.1 +/- 5.5 years; height 180.1 +/- 6.6 cm; body mass 83.4 +/- 11.3 kg; maximal oxygen uptake [VO2(max)] 49.7 +/- 6.9 mL O2/kg/min) were tested. The graded exercise test with gas exchange measurements was used to determine VO2(max) and maximum HR (HR(max)). The analysis of variance was used to determine the differences between the equations to calculate HR(max). The analysis of variance yielded statistically significant differences between seven HR equations (p max) = 205 - [age/2]) and Fox and Haskell's (HR(max) = 220 - age) equations had the highest correlation with the HRmax obtained by the graded exercise test. The authors recommend using the HR(max) values from the Stevens Creek and the Fox and Haskell equations for the purpose of training, testing, and daily exercise routine in military personnel.

  19. Psychological Flexibility as a Framework for Understanding and Improving Family Reintegration Following Military Deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoz, Emily K; Moyer, Danielle N; Armelie, Aaron P

    2015-10-01

    Postdeployment reintegration may present an exceptional challenge to service members and their families; yet, overcoming this challenge seems to strengthen family relationships through a shared sense of purpose. Navigating family reintegration may be an important determinant of long-term psychological well-being. If the needs of military families are to be answered effectively, it is of critical importance to identify the skills that facilitate positive reintegration following deployment. This article proposes psychological flexibility as a group of interrelated skills that could be directly intervened on to facilitate not only resilience but also positive growth and development. This paper focuses on the conceptualization of family reintegration in terms of psychological flexibility, including common deficits observed in this population and potential goals of treatment. Video Abstract.

  20. A decision support system for the Military Airlift Command, the Airlift Deployment Analysis System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kraemer, R.D.; Harrison, I.G.

    1989-09-01

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is assisting the Military Airlift Command (MAC) with the development of the Airlift Deployment Analysis System (ADANS). ADANS will improve MAC's automated capabilities for scheduling peacetime airlift missions, deliberate planning, execution planning, and analysis of the airlift system. ADANS will consist of four subsystems: airlift planning and scheduling algorithms, database management, user interface, and communications. This paper describes MAC's current airlift planning and scheduling operations, the current automated systems used to develop airlift schedules and plans, approaches to developing ADANS, and major improvements that will result from the implementation of ADANS. This report is based on a series of in-depth interviews and working sessions that were conducted with MAC staff, a review of airlift scheduling literature, and the ongoing research effort at ORNL for the ADANS project. 9 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. Prevalence of Common Skin Diseases and Their Associated Factors among Military Personnel in Korea: A Cross-sectional Study

    OpenAIRE

    Bae, Jung Min; Ha, Beomman; Lee, Hongsun; Park, Chang Keun; Kim, Hyun Joon; Park, Young Min

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to clarify the prevalence of common skin diseases and their associated factors among military personnel in Korea. Four dermatologists visited adjacent military units and examined soldiers. A structured questionnaire that included questions about known skin diseases, demographic information, and questions for the Perceived Stress Index was completed for each participant. The soldiers that had been diagnosed with a skin disease answered one additional questionnaire (Ski...

  2. Moral Emotions during Military Deployments of Dutch Forces: A Qualitative Study on Moral Emotions in Intercultural Interactions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schut, M; de Graaff, Miriam; Verweij, D.E.M.

    2015-01-01

    Which emotions are generated by the behavior of “the other” in intercultural interactions that Dutch soldiers perceive as conflicting with their own values? How are these emotions related to types of behavioral reactions of Dutch military personnel? This preliminary study explores the emotional and

  3. Moral Emotions during Military Deployments of Dutch Forces. A Qualitative Study on Moral Emotions in Intercultural Interactions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schut, M.; Graaff, M.D. de; Verweij, D.E.M.

    2015-01-01

    Which emotions are generated by the behavior of “the other” in intercultural interactions that Dutch soldiers perceive as conflicting with their own values? How are these emotions related to types of behavioral reactions of Dutch military personnel? This preliminary study explores the emotional and

  4. The Effect of Physical Activity on Bone Density in Military Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iman Mokhtari Garakani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of life style factors including physical activity, calcium intake, and smoking on bone mineral density (BMD. Materials and Methods: From January 2012 to May 2013, calcaneal BMD of 335 male military personnel (aged between 35-55 years in two equal separate groups; operative (active field soldiers and non-operative (official army staff were evaluated with dual X-ray and laser Calscan. Information about lifestyle factors including smoking, calcium intake and physical activity were collected through a questionnaire. Operative personnel had daily regular physical activity. Operatives were compared with non-operative personnel who did not perform the regular active field training maneuvers. Results: The mean age of participant was 44.7±0.5 years and all were male. The rate of osteopenia and osteoporosis was lower in operative group than in non-operative group. Linear regression revealed that BMD is significantly associated with job (p<0.001, age (p<0.001, smoking (p<0.01, calcium intake (p<0.05, and years of physical activity (p<0.001. Conclusion: Based on the findings of the study, years of regular physical activity and mechanical loading were the strongest predictors of calcaneus BMD.

  5. Risk of depressive disorder following disasters and military deployment: systematic review with meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonde, J P; Utzon-Frank, N; Bertelsen, M; Borritz, M; Eller, N H; Nordentoft, M; Olesen, K; Rod, N H; Rugulies, R

    2016-04-01

    Numerous studies describe the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder following disasters, but less is known about the risk of major depression. To review the risk of depressive disorder in people surviving disasters and in soldiers returning from military deployment. A systematic literature search combined with reference screening identified 23 controlled epidemiological studies. We used random effects models to compute pooled odds ratios (ORs). The average OR was significantly elevated following all types of exposures: natural disaster OR = 2.28 (95% CI 1.30-3.98), technological disaster OR = 1.44 (95% CI 1.21-1.70), terrorist acts OR = 1.80 (95% CI 1.38-2.34) and military combat OR = 1.60 (95% CI 1.09-2.35). In a subset of ten high-quality studies OR was 1.41 (95% CI 1.06-1.87). Disasters and combat experience substantially increase the risk of depression. Whether psychological trauma per se or bereavement is on the causal path is unresolved. © The Royal College of Psychiatrists 2016.

  6. Emission of parasitic X-rays from military radar transmitters and exposure of personnel: towards a retrospective assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schirmer, A. [Arbeitsgruppe Aufklarung der Arbeitsplatzverhaltnisse Radar, Wehrbereichsverwaltung Nord, Bundeswehr, Munster (Germany)

    2006-07-01

    An overview of the investigation of parasitic-X-ray (Bremsstrahlung) from high-voltage electron vacuum tubes in military radar transmitters is given. From technical inspection, data evaluation and measurements maximum dose rates for work places of the personnel are calculated. With dedicated workplace surveys the maximum dose H{sup *}(10) per month for the personnel is estimated for the entire time of use of the different radar sets. (author)

  7. Spatio-temporal animation of Army logistics, simulations, facilitating analysis of military deployments.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Love, R. J.; Horsthemke, W.; Macal, C. M.; Van Groningen, C.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2004-01-01

    Visualization techniques for simulations are often limited to statistical reports, graphs, and charts, but simulations can be enhanced through the use of animation. A spatio-temporal animation allows a viewer to observe a simulation operate, rather than deduce it from numerical output. The Route Viewer, developed by Argonne National Laboratory, is a two-dimensional animation model that animates the objects and events produced by a discrete event simulation. It operates in a playback mode, whereby a simulated scenario is animated after the simulation has completed. The Route Viewer is used to verify the simulation's processes and data, but it also benefits the simulation as an analytical tool by facilitating spatial and temporal analysis. By visualizing the events of a simulated scenario in two-dimensional space, it is possible to determine whether the scenario, or simulation model, is reasonable. Further, the Route Viewer provides an awareness of what happens in a scenario, when it happens, and the completeness and efficiency of the scenario and its processes. For Army deployments, it highlights utilization of resources and where bottlenecks are occurring. This paper discusses how the Route Viewer facilitates the analysis of military deployment simulation model results.

  8. Predictors of frequency of condom use and attitudes among sexually active female military personnel in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E James Essien

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available E James Essien1, Osaro Mgbere2, Emmanuel Monjok1, Ernest Ekong3, Susan Abughosh1, Marcia M Holstad41Institute of Community Health, University of Houston, Texas Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA; 2Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Houston, TX, USA; 3Institute for Health Research and Development, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria; 4Nell Hodgson School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USABackground: Despite awareness of condom efficacy, in protecting against both human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted diseases (HIV/STDs and unintended pregnancy; some females find it difficult to use or permit condom use consistently because of the power imbalances or other dynamics operating in their relationships with males. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that predict the frequency of condom use and attitudes among sexually active female military personnel in Nigeria.Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design in which a total of 346 responses were obtained from consenting female military personnel in two cantonments in Southwestern Nigeria between 2006 and 2008. The study instrument was designed to assess HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS knowledge (HAK, HIV risk behaviors (HRB, alcohol and drug use, condom attitudes and barriers (CAS condom use self-efficacy (CUS and social support to condom use (SSC. The sociodemographic characteristics of participants were also captured. Univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression were used for modeling the predictors of condom use.Results: The results showed that 63% of the respondents reported using condoms always, 26% sometimes used condoms and 11% never used condoms during a sexual encounter in the past three months. Univariate analysis revealed that significant associations existed between CAB (P < 0.05, HRB (P < 0.01 and SSC (P < 0.01 with the frequency of condom use. The following sociodemographic variables: age, marital status, number of

  9. Gender differences in the expression of PTSD symptoms among active duty military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hourani, Laurel; Williams, Jason; Bray, Robert; Kandel, Denise

    2015-01-01

    This study examined gender differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and symptom factors in the total U.S. active duty force. Data were drawn from the 2008 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors among Active Duty Military Personnel including 17,939 men and 6751 women from all services. The results indicated that women expressed more distress than men across almost all the symptoms on the PTSD Checklist except for hypervigilance. Women also scored significantly higher on all four factors examined: Re-experiencing, Avoidance, Emotionally Numb, Hyperarousal. More women than men were distressed by combat experiences that involved some type of violence, such as being wounded, witnessing or engaging in acts of cruelty, engaging in hand-to-hand combat, and, to a lesser extent, handling dead bodies. Men who had been sexually abused had a greater number of symptoms and were consistently more distressed than women on individual symptoms and symptom factors.

  10. [Rift Valley fever: sporadic infection of French military personnel outside currently recognized epidemic zones].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durand, J P; Richecoeur, L; Peyrefitte, C; Boutin, J P; Davoust, B; Zeller, H; Bouloy, M; Tolou, H

    2002-01-01

    For three years the arbovirus surveillance unit of the Tropical Medicine Institute of the French Army Medical Corps (French acronym IMTSSA) in Marseille, France has been investigating causes of benign non-malarial febrile syndromes in French military personnel serving outside mainland France. The methodology used in N'Djamena consisted of sending frozen specimens collected concomitant with viremia, to Marseille for culture. During the rainy season of 2001, specimens were collected from a total of 50 febrile soldiers. Cultures allowed isolation and identification of two strains of Rift Valley virus. The risk of contamination exists not only in the field but also in mainland hospital departments treating infected patients. Routine serological diagnosis for Rift Valley fever must be DISCUSSED for all patients in the field or returning from Africa.

  11. Military Personnel: DOD Is Expanding Combat Service Opportunities for Women, but Should Monitor Long-Term Integration Progress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-01

    10. Study of historical U.S. Marine Corps integration efforts Review the integration of women into Marine Corps aviation occupations and past...integration of women into the logistics and aviation communities 13. Expand Unit Assignments Survey Determine participants’ experiences regarding...MILITARY PERSONNEL DOD Is Expanding Combat Service Opportunities for Women , but Should Monitor Long-Term

  12. Obesity classification in military personnel: A comparison of body fat, waist circumference, and body mass index measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate obesity classifications from body fat percentage (BF%), body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC). A total of 451 overweight/obese active duty military personnel completed all three assessments. Most were obese (men, 81%; women, 98%) using National...

  13. Predictors of changes in daily alcohol consumption in the aftermath of military deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trautmann, S; Schönfeld, S; Behrendt, S; Heinrich, A; Höfler, M; Siegel, S; Zimmermann, P; Wittchen, H-U

    2015-02-01

    Several studies have documented factors related to increase in alcohol consumption in the context of stressful experiences. However, little is known about predictors of different courses of alcohol use in this context. This study aims to investigate diverse predictors and correlates of increase and decrease of average daily alcohol consumption (aDAC) in the aftermath of military deployment taking into account a variety of potentially relevant factors. N=358 soldiers were examined before (T1) and 12 months after return from deployment (T2) using standardized interviews. Change in aDAC was categorized into decreased (n=72), stable (n=215) and increased (n=71) aDAC. Overall, aDAC did not change significantly between T1 and T2 (median change=0.0 g, inter quartile range=11.3g). Compared to stable aDAC, increase was characterized by a lower proportion of high-educated individuals (OR: 0.3 (0.1-0.7), p=0.008), lower rank (marginally significant: OR: 2.0 (1.0-4.1), p=0.050), and less acceptance (trend: MR: 0.97 (0.93-1.00), p=0.053). Correlates of increased aDAC were less social support (MR: 0.84 (0.71-0.99), p=0.043), more sleeping problems (MR: 1.15 (1.00-1.31), p=0.045) and more negative post-event cognitions following deployment (MR: 2.32 (1.28-4.21), p=0.006). Decrease in aDAC was predicted by lower PTSD symptom severity before deployment (MR: 0.34 (0.16-0.72), p=0.005) and less childhood emotional neglect (marginally significant: MR: 0.78 (0.60-1.00), p=0.050). Increase and decrease in alcohol use after stressful experiences might have differential risk factors and correlates. Findings might stimulate future research that could result in improved measures to prevent increases as well as in interventions that could foster decreases in alcohol consumption in the context of stressful experiences. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Self-assessment analysis of health and physical activity level of military personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plavina L.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sport and physical activity is important and compulsory for military staff. They determine the execution of service duties and tasks. Respondents with low level of physical activity have difficulties achieving required fitness level and pass the annual physical tests. Staff officers aged 28 to 40 years completed questionnaires in 2009 (n=22, 2010 (n=30 and 2012 (n=39. Each questionnaire included twenty one questions which were then evaluated in points. The answers allowed us to collect information regarding their physical activity during service hours as well as after the working day. Questionnaires included also issues on harmful habits – sleep duration, smoking and use of alcohol; self-esteem of body mass as well. The respondents were divided into four groups according to the level of physical activity: low, moderate, good, high. The percentage of respondents with a high and good level of physical activity has increased from 22.7% to 68.9% during the analysed time period. Morning exercises and hardening (fitness procedures were not popular for military personnel. However, physical activities during the working hours have slightly increased: 31.8%, 43.3% and 48.9.3% respectively. In study years, it was found that respondents try to follow healthy eating habits and sleep regime. There is a slight decrease of respondents with obese and there is a slight increase of 22.7% to 27.6% of the respondents who are regular smokers .

  15. Persistence of serogroup C antibody responses following quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccination in United States military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Manisha; Romero-Steiner, Sandra; Broderick, Michael P; Thomas, Cynthia G; Plikaytis, Brian D; Schmidt, Daniel S; Johnson, Scott E; Milton, Andrea S; Carlone, George M; Clark, Thomas A; Messonnier, Nancy E; Cohn, Amanda C; Faix, Dennis J

    2014-06-24

    Serogroup C meningococcal (MenC) disease accounts for one-third of all meningococcal cases and causes meningococcal outbreaks in the U.S. Quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine conjugated to diphtheria toxoid (MenACYWD) was recommended in 2005 for adolescents and high risk groups such as military recruits. We evaluated anti-MenC antibody persistence in U.S. military personnel vaccinated with either MenACYWD or meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4). Twelve hundred subjects vaccinated with MenACYWD from 2006 to 2008 or MPSV4 from 2002 to 2004 were randomly selected from the Defense Medical Surveillance System. Baseline serologic responses to MenC were assessed in all subjects; 100 subjects per vaccine group were tested during one of the following six post-vaccination time-points: 5-7, 11-13, 17-19, 23-25, 29-31, or 35-37 months. Anti-MenC geometric mean titers (GMT) were measured by rabbit complement serum bactericidal assay (rSBA) and geometric mean concentrations (GMC) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Continuous variables were compared using the Wilcoxon rank sum test and the proportion of subjects with an rSBA titer ≥ 8 by chi-square. Pre-vaccination rSBA GMT was antibody.

  16. Predictors of Emerging Suicide Death Among Military Personnel on Social Media Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Craig J; Butner, Jonathan E; Sinclair, Sungchoon; Bryan, Anna Belle O; Hesse, Christina M; Rose, Andree E

    2017-07-28

    Suicide is a leading cause of death in the United States and is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. military. Previous research suggests that data obtained from social media networks may provide important clues for identifying at-risk individuals. To test this possibility, the social media profiles from 315 military personnel who died by suicide (n = 157) or other causes (n = 158) were coded for the presence of stressful life situations (i.e., triggers), somatic complaints or health issues (i.e., physical), maladaptive or avoidant coping strategies (i.e., behaviors), negative mood states (i.e., emotion), and/or negative cognitive appraisals (cognition). Content codes were subsequently analyzed using multilevel models from a dynamical systems perspective to identify temporal change processes characteristic of suicide death. Results identified temporal sequences unique to suicide, notably social media posts about triggers followed by more posts about cognitions, posts about cognitions followed by more posts about triggers, and posts about behaviors followed by fewer posts about cognitions. Results suggest that certain sequences in social media content may predict cause of death and provide an estimate of when a social media user is likely to die by suicide. © 2017 The American Association of Suicidology.

  17. Suicide risk factors in the professional military personnel in the Army of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedić Gordana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Recognition of suicide risk factors is important in taking adequate suicide preventive measures, Suicide Prevention Program for Professional Military Personnel (PMP implemented in the Army of Serbia in 2003. The aim of our study was to establish suicide risk factors in PMP of the Army of Serbia. Methods. Analysis of suicide risk factors in PMP was carried out on the basis of data obtained by psychological suicide autopsy. The controls were demographically similar psychiatric outpatients with no history of suicidal behavior. A descriptive statistics method was used for risk factors analysis. The t-test was used for testing statistical hypotheses. Results. A total of 30 PMP, aged 22-49 years (30.53 ± 6.24 on average committed suicide within the period 1998-2007. Distal suicide risk factors in PMP were considered to be not being married, psychiatric heredity, having no outpatient psychiatric treatment, gambling, regular physical practice (bodybuilding, less transfer to a different post, low motivation for military service (p < 0.001, not having children, parental loss in early childhood, alcohol abuse (p < 0.005, low salary (p < 0.01 uncompleted military school, debts in the family (p < 0.05. The commonest proximal suicide risk factors were: actual family problems (36.6%, actual mental problems (13.3%, burnout (13.3%, negative balance of accounts (13.3%, professional problems (6.7%, behavioral model while for 10.0% PMP suicide risk factors could not be established. Conclusion. According to the presence of multiple suicide risk factors, Suicide Prevention Program for PMP in the Army of Serbia is directed to the prevention of both proximal and distal suicide risk factors.

  18. Stigma as a barrier to seeking health care among military personnel with mental health problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, Marie-Louise; Fear, Nicola T; Rona, Roberto J; Wessely, Simon; Greenberg, Neil; Jones, Norman; Goodwin, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Approximately 60% of military personnel who experience mental health problems do not seek help, yet many of them could benefit from professional treatment. Across military studies, one of the most frequently reported barriers to help-seeking for mental health problems is concerns about stigma. It is, however, less clear how stigma influences mental health service utilization. This review will synthesize existing research on stigma, focusing on those in the military with mental health problems. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies between 2001 and 2014 to examine the prevalence of stigma for seeking help for a mental health problem and its association with help-seeking intentions/mental health service utilization. Twenty papers met the search criteria. Weighted prevalence estimates for the 2 most endorsed stigma concerns were 44.2% (95% confidence interval: 37.1, 51.4) for "My unit leadership might treat me differently" and 42.9% (95% confidence interval: 36.8, 49.0) for "I would be seen as weak." Nine studies found no association between anticipated stigma and help-seeking intentions/mental health service use and 4 studies found a positive association. One study found a negative association between self-stigma and intentions to seek help. Counterintuitively, those that endorsed high anticipated stigma still utilized mental health services or were interested in seeking help. We propose that these findings may be related to intention-behavior gaps or methodological issues in the measurement of stigma. Positive associations may be influenced by modified labeling theory. Additionally, other factors such as self-stigma and negative attitudes toward mental health care may be worth further attention in future investigation.

  19. Weight Changes Among Male Navy Personnel Deployed to Iraq or Kuwait in 2005-2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Diagram outlining sample sizes used in analyses. 502 weight recommendations after deployment, but among the I 0,886 men who met weight...measurements. Mil Med 2008; 173( I): 67-73. 506 10. Gantt CJ. Neely JA, Villafana !A, Chun CS, Gharabaghli SM: Analysis of weight and associated health

  20. The Eagle’s Nest in the Horn of Africa: US Military Strategic Deployment in Djibouti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Degang Sun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Djibouti is the only country in the world in which US, French, German, Italian, Spanish, and Japanese military forces are stationed simultaneously; China will soon have a presence there as well. The US military deployment in Djibouti has shifted from a soft military presence to an arrangement of significant strategic import, and from a small outpost to a large garrison in the past two decades. The internal dynamics of the US deployment are geopolitical, as the US presence facilitates the carrying out of its strategies regarding antiterrorism, anti-proliferation, the protection of energy investments, and anti-piracy. The external dynamics of the US deployment are geo-economic: the government of Djibouti, as the host nation, reaps economic windfalls from the US presence in this strategically located country. Given that the United States has failed since 2008 to persuade any country on the continent to host AFRICOM, the base in Djibouti is likely to remain the only one in East Africa. Djibouti may be part of a pattern whereby some small African nations, such as São Tomé and Príncipe, collect revenue through the provision of military bases to big powers.

  1. Associations between parental deployment, relocation, and risky sexual behaviors among a clinic-based sample of military-dependent youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Belinda F; Peskin, Melissa F; Markham, Christine M; Burr, Jean; Roberts, Timothy; Tortolero, Susan

    2015-10-01

    Although sexual behaviors have been extensively studied among youth in general, they have been relatively understudied among military-dependent youth (MDY). Furthermore, the impact of unique military stressors, such as parental deployment and multiple relocations, on the sexual behaviors of MDY has not been assessed. In this pilot study, we estimated the prevalence of sexual behaviors among MDY, and examined the association between these behaviors and parental deployment and multiple relocations. Between June and September 2011, we recruited youth (N = 208; aged 15-19 years) who attended a military treatment facility in the southern United States, to complete a short, paper-based survey. We computed prevalence estimates and conducted Chi-square analyses, as well as logistic regression analyses, while adjusting for age, gender, and race/ethnicity. More than half (53.7 %) of the youth reported being sexually experienced, and many of these youth reported engaging in risky sexual behaviors. Parental deployment and multiple relocations were significantly associated only with having had sex in the past 3 months. Although with most sexual behaviors there was no significant association between parental deployment and multiple relocations, many MDY are sexually experienced and engage in risky sexual behaviors. MDY should thus be exposed to evidence-based strategies for sexually transmitted infection and pregnancy prevention, as well as provided with teen-friendly health care services and comprehensive sexual/reproductive health counseling.

  2. The prevalence of smoking and its associated factors among military personnel in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A national study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hesham I Al-Khashan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim was to measure the prevalence of smoking and identify its potential predictors among military personnel in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among military personnel in the five military regions of KSA between January 2009 and January 2011. The sample of 10,500 military personnel in the Saudi Armed Forces was equally divided among the five regions with a ratio 3:7 for officers and soldiers. A multistage stratified random sampling was used to recruit participants in the four services of the armed forces in the five regions. Information on sociodemographic characteristics with a detailed history of smoking was collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Bivariate analysis was used to identify the factors associated with smoking, and multiple logistic regression analysis to discover its potential predictors. Results: About 35% of the sample was current smokers, with higher rates among soldiers. The eastern region had the highest rate (43.0%, and the southern region the lowest (27.5%. Navy personnel had a higher risk of being current smokers (40.6%, and the air defense the lowest risk (31.0%. Multivariate analysis identified working in the navy, and low income as positive predictors of current smoking, while residing in the southern region, older age, years of education, being married, and having an officer rank were negative (protective factors. Conclusion: Smoking is prevalent among military personnel in KSA, with higher rates in the Navy and Air Force, among privates, younger age group, lower education and income, and divorced/widowed status. Measures should be taken to initiate programs on smoking cessation that involve changes in the environment that is likely to promote this habit.

  3. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-15

    distribution and deployment. f. level VI - personnel: detail expressed by name, Service , military occupational specialty and unique identification...of one or more weapons with all related equipment, materials, services , personnel, and means of delivery and deployment (if applicable) required for...2016 A-46 JP 1-02 DCRF defense chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear response force DCS Defense Courier Service ; deputy chief

  4. Provision of Personnel and Administrative Support to the Forward Deployed Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-06-06

    10™ 1S ?!! nonessential functions and personnel would be removed from the corps and divisions. u u oe removea (^ .~ept*OZ ^ P1 ^61Ś^ OEMätiong in...Tor thaaa aystams to onerate reliably during combat. m. Baau.^hU^s^. A. Any cant,n.apay p.aa davalopad fan str^naU, and acca „„ti„s/pars

  5. Diarrheal Illness Among Deployed U.S. Military Personnel During Operation Bright Star 2001-Egypt

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-02-01

    pathogen type Bacterial Parasitic Viral ETEC EAEC SHIG CAMPY CRYPTO EHISTO GIARDIA ROTA NORO ASTRO No pathogen Pre- therapy symptoms duration (hours) Cases...enzyme immu- noassay kit (Techlab Inc., Blacksburg, VA) was used for the identification of Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium parvum and Entamoeba... therapy and follow-up was completed for 88 (68%). Of those that were treated, 92% of the cases were cured within 72 hours, and only 5 cases reported a

  6. Diabetes in Combat: Effect of Military Deployment on Diabetes Mellitus in Air Force Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-01

    has told you they cannot fund your publication, the 59th Clinical Research Division may pay for your basic journal publishing charges (to include...study (e.g ., S9 MOW CRD Graduate Health Sciences Education (GHSE) (SGS O&M); SGS R&D; Tri-Service Nursing Research Program (TSNRP); Defense Medical...processing {S9crdpubspres@us.af.mil). This should be accomplished no later than 30 days before final clearance Is required to publish/present your

  7. Practice of Personnel Cultivation of the Military Sanatorium%军队疗养院人才培养实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单守勤

    2011-01-01

    Personnel cultivation is the key of service quality of military sanatorium for troops in the new era.To strengthen the personnel development in the military sanatorium, the author elaborated measures from four aspects.First, strengthen urgency and responsibility of personnel cultivation in the military sanatorium; second, improve training and enhance the professional quality of personnel; third, perfect the mechanism and inspire the inner motivation of the cadres; last but not least, create a comfortable environment to retain talent.%人才队伍是疗养院质量建设的标志,是新时期军队疗养院完成为兵服务、保障部队作战力的决定性因素.就加强新时期军队疗养院人才建设,笔者从"提高认识,不断加强人才队伍建设的紧迫感和责任感;抓好培训,下大力提高人才队伍的业务素质;完善机制,不断激发广大干部爱岗敬业的内在动力;以人为本,创造栓心留人的舒心环境"四个方面进行了重要阐述,为适应新形式,加快军队疗养院建设打下了坚实的基础.

  8. Deployment Effects on Children and Adolescents: Designing and Deploying a Developmentally Appropriate Education and Screening Video Program for Military Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-22

    Alexander, 2007). Deployment Effects on Children 45 Stanford psychologist Albert Bandura’s social learning theory suggests that children easily...performing possible options and suffering the consequences" ( Bandura , 1977, p. 27), rather, we benefit from the power of example, observing others by...vicarious experience. Modeling others experiences, we potentially gain as much impact as direct exposure to the event. Through media effects, Bandura

  9. Strategies to Prevent Cholera Introduction during International Personnel Deployments: A Computational Modeling Analysis Based on the 2010 Haiti Outbreak.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewnard, Joseph A; Antillón, Marina; Gonsalves, Gregg; Miller, Alice M; Ko, Albert I; Pitzer, Virginia E

    2016-01-01

    Introduction of Vibrio cholerae to Haiti during the deployment of United Nations (UN) peacekeepers in 2010 resulted in one of the largest cholera epidemics of the modern era. Following the outbreak, a UN-commissioned independent panel recommended three pre-deployment intervention strategies to minimize the risk of cholera introduction in future peacekeeping operations: screening for V. cholerae carriage, administering prophylactic antimicrobial chemotherapies, or immunizing with oral cholera vaccines. However, uncertainty regarding the effectiveness of these approaches has forestalled their implementation by the UN. We assessed how the interventions would have impacted the likelihood of the Haiti cholera epidemic. We developed a stochastic model for cholera importation and transmission, fitted to reported cases during the first weeks of the 2010 outbreak in Haiti. Using this model, we estimated that diagnostic screening reduces the probability of cases occurring by 82% (95% credible interval: 75%, 85%); however, false-positive test outcomes may hamper this approach. Antimicrobial chemoprophylaxis at time of departure and oral cholera vaccination reduce the probability of cases by 50% (41%, 57%) and by up to 61% (58%, 63%), respectively. Chemoprophylaxis beginning 1 wk before departure confers a 91% (78%, 96%) reduction independently, and up to a 98% reduction (94%, 99%) if coupled with vaccination. These results are not sensitive to assumptions about the background cholera incidence rate in the endemic troop-sending country. Further research is needed to (1) validate the sensitivity and specificity of rapid test approaches for detecting asymptomatic carriage, (2) compare prophylactic efficacy across antimicrobial regimens, and (3) quantify the impact of oral cholera vaccine on transmission from asymptomatic carriers. Screening, chemoprophylaxis, and vaccination are all effective strategies to prevent cholera introduction during large-scale personnel deployments

  10. Strategies to Prevent Cholera Introduction during International Personnel Deployments: A Computational Modeling Analysis Based on the 2010 Haiti Outbreak.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph A Lewnard

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction of Vibrio cholerae to Haiti during the deployment of United Nations (UN peacekeepers in 2010 resulted in one of the largest cholera epidemics of the modern era. Following the outbreak, a UN-commissioned independent panel recommended three pre-deployment intervention strategies to minimize the risk of cholera introduction in future peacekeeping operations: screening for V. cholerae carriage, administering prophylactic antimicrobial chemotherapies, or immunizing with oral cholera vaccines. However, uncertainty regarding the effectiveness of these approaches has forestalled their implementation by the UN. We assessed how the interventions would have impacted the likelihood of the Haiti cholera epidemic.We developed a stochastic model for cholera importation and transmission, fitted to reported cases during the first weeks of the 2010 outbreak in Haiti. Using this model, we estimated that diagnostic screening reduces the probability of cases occurring by 82% (95% credible interval: 75%, 85%; however, false-positive test outcomes may hamper this approach. Antimicrobial chemoprophylaxis at time of departure and oral cholera vaccination reduce the probability of cases by 50% (41%, 57% and by up to 61% (58%, 63%, respectively. Chemoprophylaxis beginning 1 wk before departure confers a 91% (78%, 96% reduction independently, and up to a 98% reduction (94%, 99% if coupled with vaccination. These results are not sensitive to assumptions about the background cholera incidence rate in the endemic troop-sending country. Further research is needed to (1 validate the sensitivity and specificity of rapid test approaches for detecting asymptomatic carriage, (2 compare prophylactic efficacy across antimicrobial regimens, and (3 quantify the impact of oral cholera vaccine on transmission from asymptomatic carriers.Screening, chemoprophylaxis, and vaccination are all effective strategies to prevent cholera introduction during large-scale personnel

  11. Strategies to Prevent Cholera Introduction during International Personnel Deployments: A Computational Modeling Analysis Based on the 2010 Haiti Outbreak

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewnard, Joseph A.; Antillón, Marina; Gonsalves, Gregg; Miller, Alice M.; Ko, Albert I.; Pitzer, Virginia E.

    2016-01-01

    during large-scale personnel deployments such as that precipitating the 2010 Haiti outbreak. Antimicrobial chemoprophylaxis was estimated to provide the greatest protection at the lowest cost among the approaches recently evaluated by the UN. PMID:26812236

  12. Long-term changes of serum chemokine levels in vaccinated military personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brichacek Beda

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Members of the United States Armed Forces receive a series of vaccinations during their course of service. To investigate the influence of multiple vaccinations on innate immunity, we measured concentrations of a panel of immunomodulatory and pro-inflammatory cytokines in serum samples from a group of such individuals. Results Significantly increased levels of macrophage inflammatory protein 1α (MIP-1α, MIP-1β and interleukin 8 (IL-8 were detected. Since these cytokines are known to have anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV activity, we tested the effect of serum from these individuals on HIV-1 infectivity and susceptibility of their peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs to HIV-1 infection in vitro. Sera from vaccinated military personnel inhibited, and their PBMCs were partially resistant to, infection by HIV-1 strains tropic to CCR5 (R5, but not to CXCR4 (X4, chemokine receptor. Conclusion These findings demonstrate that increased anti-HIV chemokines can be detected in vaccine recipients up to 68 weeks following immunization.

  13. Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria Colonization of Healthy US Military Personnel in the US and Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    Randrianirina F, Ratovoson R, et al: Rectal carriage of extended- spectrum beta-lactamase-producing gram - negative bacilli in community settings in...FEB 2013 2. REPORT TYPE N/A 3. DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Multidrug-resistant gram - negative bacteria colonization of healthy US...98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Multidrug-resistant gram - negative bacteria colonization of healthy US military personnel in the US and

  14. Military Personnel: DOD Should Develop a Plan to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Its Career Intermission Pilot Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    informed oversight, policy, and funding decisions. GAO’s commitment to good government is reflected in its core values of accountability, integrity, and...MILITARY PERSONNEL DOD Should Develop a Plan to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Its Career Intermission Pilot... Career Intermission Pilot Program 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER

  15. A Prosthesis to Train the Proprioceptive Capabilities of the Residual Limb of Military Personnel Recovering from Lower Limb Amputation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    feedback from the ankle and foot poses challenge. To compensate for the lack of afferent feedback, amputees look down at the prosthesis to sense...10-1-0573 TITLE: A prosthesis to train the proprioceptive capabilities of the residual limb of military personnel recovering from lower limb...To) 1September2011-31August2012 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A Prosthesis to Train the Proprioceptive Capabilities of the 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER

  16. Do soldiers seek more mental health care after deployment? Analysis of mental health consultations in the Netherlands Armed Forces following deployment to Afghanistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth (Liesbeth M. Taal

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Military deployment to combat zones puts military personnel to a number of physical and mental challenges that may adversely affect mental health. Until now, few studies have been performed in Europe on mental health utilization after military deployment. Objective: We compared the incidence of mental health consultations with the Military Mental Health Service (MMHS of military deployed to Afghanistan to that of non-deployed military personnel. Method: We assessed utilization of the MMHS by the full cohort of the Netherlands Armed Forces enlisted between 2008 and 2010 through linkage of mental health and human resource information systems. Results: The total population consisted of 50,508 military (18,233 deployed, 32,275 non-deployed, who accounted for 1,906 new consultations with the MMHS. The follow-up was limited to the first 2 years following deployment. We observed higher mental health care utilization in deployed vs. non-deployed military personnel; hazard ratio (HR, adjusted for sex, military branch and time in service, 1.84 [95% CI 1.61–2.11] in the first and 1.28 [1.09–1.49] in the second year after deployment. An increased risk of adjustment disorders (HR 2.59 [2.02–3.32] and 1.74 [1.30–2.32] and of anxiety disorders (2.22 [1.52–3.25] and 2.28 [1.50–3.45] including posttraumatic stress disorder (5.15 [2.55–10.40] and 5.28 [2.42–11.50], but not of mood disorders (1.33 [0.90–1.97] and 1.11 [0.68–1.82], was observed in deployed personnel in the first- and second-year post-deployment, respectively. Military personnel deployed in a unit with a higher risk of confrontation with potentially traumatic events had a higher HR (2.13 [1.84–2.47] and 1.40 [1.18–1.67]. Conclusions: Though absolute risk was low, in the first and second year following deployment to Afghanistan there was an 80 and 30% higher risk for mental health problems resulting in a consultation with the Dutch MMHS compared to military never

  17. Suicide Among Regular-Duty Military Personnel: A Retrospective Case-Control Study of Occupation-Specific Risk Factors for Workplace Suicide

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mahon, Martin J; Tobin, John P; Cusack, Denis A; Kelleher, Cecily; Malone, Kevin M

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the epidemiology, phenomenology, and occupation-specific risk factors for suicide among regular-duty military personnel as a model for other professions...

  18. [Typhus fever morbidity among the military personnel and civilians in the regions around Volga river during World War I].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raĭkova, S V; Zav'ialov, A I

    2013-07-01

    The article is concerned to the materials about epidemiologic situation of typhus fever in the regions around Volga river (Saratovsky, Samarsky and others) during World War I (1914-1918) among the military personnel of the Russian army and among the civilians. The main reasons for spread of infection, ways of the transmission, and also measures for decreasing of level of morbidity on the different stages of evacuation of patients with typhus fever in the safer hospitals are shown. The most important methods of fighting against epidemic of typhus fever were: isolation of patients in separate special hospitals, desincection and disinfection measures in the foci of infection and organization appropriate sanitary conditions for military man in the army and among civilians. Acquired valuable experience of territorial and military doctors during the period of epidemic of typhus fever allowed receiving complex effective antiepidemic measures of fighting and prevention from this disease.

  19. Treatment Seeking Beliefs and Behaviors in Air Force Nursing Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-09

    and resilience related to mental health treatment-seeking by AF nursing personnel? To assess the extent accessing MH services in AF nursing ...personnel are influenced by: perceived stigma and barriers to care , resilience, perceived stress, demographic characteristics, military grade and previous deployment.

  20. Prevalence of common skin diseases and their associated factors among military personnel in Korea: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Jung Min; Ha, Beomman; Lee, Hongsun; Park, Chang Keun; Kim, Hyun Joon; Park, Young Min

    2012-10-01

    This study was conducted to clarify the prevalence of common skin diseases and their associated factors among military personnel in Korea. Four dermatologists visited adjacent military units and examined soldiers. A structured questionnaire that included questions about known skin diseases, demographic information, and questions for the Perceived Stress Index was completed for each participant. The soldiers that had been diagnosed with a skin disease answered one additional questionnaire (Skindex-29) which assess the influence of an individual's skin disease on daily life. Of 1,321 soldiers examined, 798 (60.4%) had one or more skin diseases. The three most common skin problems were acne (35.6%), tinea pedis (15.2%) and atopic dermatitis (5.1%). The diseases closely related to the period of military service were acne, tinea pedis, viral warts and corns. The diseases related to the amount of stress were atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and acne. The most troublesome skin diseases were atopic dermatitis, tinea cruris, and seborrheic dermatitis. These results demonstrated that the prevalence of skin disease among military personnel in Korea is very high, and that some of the skin disorders may have a significant influence on their daily lives.

  1. HEALTH AND PERFORMANCE OF MILITARY PERSONNEL IN COLD CLIMATIC ENVIRONMENT OF THE WESTERN HIMALAYAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayaswal, R; Sivadas, P; Mishra, S S

    2001-10-01

    Indian Armed Forces are constrained to deploy a large number of troops in the western Himalayas in the interest of national security and territorial integrity. The region represents extremely rugged, arid and cold climatic conditions. The altitude ranges from 8000 to 23000 feet with winter temperatures ranging from -35°C to - 55°C in some regions. Low environmental humidity, hypo-baric hypoxia and high solar ultra-violet radiation with its attendant problems further compound the hardships faced by the troops in these climatic conditions. The role of the Armed Forces medical personnel is extremely challenging, as they have to ensure maintenance of health and physical fitness of the troops to ensure optimal performance during peace and during operations. These considerations include nutrition, physical fitness programmes suitable for the terrain and climatic conditions, protection against cold and hypoxia induced health problems, clothing and shelter taking into consideration the ergonomic factors, human waste disposal and prompt medical attention and evacuation in case of illness. An overview of the effects of cold hypoxic environment on health and performance of Indian troops, measures employed by the Armed Forces to maintain health of troops including psychological factors and the incidence of various cold induced health problems during peace time compared to operational period over the last 10 years is presented in this paper.

  2. Maxillofacial injuries in military personnel treated at the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine June 2001 to December 2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breeze, J; Gibbons, A J; Opie, N J; Monaghan, A

    2010-12-01

    Since its formation in June 2001, the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine (RCDM) at Birmingham University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust has treated most of the British military personnel who have sustained serious maxillofacial injuries while serving abroad. We retrospectively analysed all recorded maxillofacial injuries of personnel evacuated to the RCDM between June 2001 and December 2007. We know of no existing papers that describe oral and maxillofacial injuries of military personnel, or workload in the 21st century. During the period 119 personnel with maxillofacial injuries were evacuated to the RCDM for treatment 83% of whom were injured in Iraq or Afghanistan. In total 61% (72/119) of injuries were caused by improvised explosive devices, 9% (11/119) were gun shot wounds, and 1% were caused by aircraft incidents. A further 29% (35/119) of patients had injuries not associated with battle. The most common injuries were facial lacerations (106/119). There were 54 facial fractures of which 17 primarily affected the maxilla, and 15 the mandible. Associated injuries were to the brain (24%), torso (26%), upper limb (39%), and lower limb (31%). The number of maxillofacial injuries has risen over the last 7 years, and has also increased in proportion to the total number of injured soldiers evacuated between 2005 and 2007.

  3. Military to Civilian RCT of an Intervention to Promote Post-Deployment Reintegration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    Promote Post-Deployment Reintegration W81XWH-08-2-0045 2 September 2011-1 September 2012AnnualOctober 2012 Minnesota Veterans Research Institute...strategies. Research Study, Randomized Controlled Trial, Expressive Writing, Internet-based Intervention, OEF/OIF Veterans , Post-deployment Reintegration 15...OEF veterans with post-deployment reintegration problems that can be used throughout VA for very little expense. Task 18: Code participant essays

  4. Effects of a Military Parenting Program on Parental Distress and Suicidal Ideation: After Deployment Adaptive Parenting Tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gewirtz, Abigail H; DeGarmo, David S; Zamir, Osnat

    2016-04-01

    Few studies have examined whether parenting prevention programs might mitigate risk for suicidality in parents, yet parent suicidality is a strong risk factor for offspring suicidality. We report results from a randomized controlled trial of a parenting program for deployed National Guard and Reserve families with a school-aged child. Intent-to-treat analyses showed that random assignment to the parenting program (ADAPT) was associated with improved parenting locus of control (LOC). Improved parenting LOC was concurrently associated with strengthened emotion regulation which predicted reductions in psychological distress and suicidal ideation at 12 months postbaseline. Results are discussed in the context of ongoing efforts to reduce suicide rates in military populations.

  5. Optimal deployment of trauma personnel in the 80-hour work week era based on peak times of trauma patient arrival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaghoubian, Arezou; De Virgilio, Christian; Destro, Laura; Kaji, Amy H; Putnam, Brant; Neville, Angela L

    2010-10-01

    In the 80-hour work week era, optimal distribution of the residency workforce is critical. Little data exist as to whether current hours of hospital staffing parallel trends in trauma activity. The purpose of this study was to determine peak periods of trauma volume, severity, need for operative intervention, and mortality and determine if there are differences in mortality based on time period of arrival. We performed a retrospective analysis of the 17,167 patients admitted to our academic Level I trauma center between 2000 and 2007. Each admission was plotted against time of arrival and trends noted. A significant increase in activity occurred between 1700 and 0100 hours. Compared with other shifts, this shift had a disproportionately higher number of patients with penetrating injuries, need for operative intervention, Injury Severity Score (ISS) greater than 15, and death (P hours. In an era of optimizing resident training within the constraints of an 80-hour work week, strong consideration should be made for deploying personnel to match these findings.

  6. Validity and reliability of bioelectrical impedance analysis and skinfold thickness in predicting body fat in military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aandstad, Anders; Holtberget, Kristian; Hageberg, Rune; Holme, Ingar; Anderssen, Sigmund A

    2014-02-01

    Previous studies show that body composition is related to injury risk and physical performance in soldiers. Thus, valid methods for measuring body composition in military personnel are needed. The frequently used body mass index method is not a valid measure of body composition in soldiers, but reliability and validity of alternative field methods are less investigated in military personnel. Thus, we carried out test and retest of skinfold (SKF), single frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (SF-BIA), and multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis measurements in 65 male and female soldiers. Several validated equations were used to predict percent body fat from these methods. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was also measured, and acted as the criterion method. Results showed that SF-BIA was the most reliable method in both genders. In women, SF-BIA was also the most valid method, whereas SKF or a combination of SKF and SF-BIA produced the highest validity in men. Reliability and validity varied substantially among the equations examined. The best methods and equations produced test-retest 95% limits of agreement below ±1% points, whereas the corresponding validity figures were ±3.5% points. Each investigator and practitioner must consider whether such measurement errors are acceptable for its specific use. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  7. Assessing Psycho-Social Resilience in Diplomatic, Civilian & Military Personnel Serving in a High-Threat Security Environment during Counter-Insurgency and Counter-Terrorism Operations in Iraq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Speckhard

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Currently thousands of military, diplomatic and civilian personnel are deployed under NATO, UN, and other multi-national, as well as national auspices in high-threat security environments, including active conflict zones such as Iraq and Afghanistan.  Soldiers are generally well trained and prepared psychologically to face armed conflict. Civilian contractors and diplomats, on the other hand, often are not.  Moreover in today’s high-threat security environments terrorists, insurgents and even child soldiers may be the opposing force, creating a more uncertain and anxiety provoking environment and more difficult to identify security threat. These facts have serious implications for the psycho-social resilience of diplomatic, civilian and military personnel deployed in such environments.  This article investigates psycho-social resilience in a small exploratory sample of US embassy staff, contractors and US forces serving in Iraq during 2007, a time when Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs, roadside bombings, mortar attacks, kidnappings, murders and sniper fire were an everyday occurrence in Iraq.

  8. Traumatic events, other operational stressors and physical and mental health reported by Australian Defence Force personnel following peacekeeping and war-like deployments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waller Michael

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The association between stressful events on warlike deployments and subsequent mental health problems has been established. Less is known about the effects of stressful events on peacekeeping deployments. Methods Two cross sectional studies of the Australian Defence Force were used to contrast the prevalence of exposures reported by a group deployed on a peacekeeping operation (Bougainville, n = 1704 and those reported by a group deployed on operations which included warlike and non-warlike exposures (East Timor, n = 1333. A principal components analysis was used to identify groupings of non-traumatic exposures on deployment. Multiple regression models were used to assess the association between self-reported objective and subjective exposures, stressors on deployment and subsequent physical and mental health outcomes. Results The principal components analysis produced four groups of non-traumatic stressors which were consistent between the peacekeeping and more warlike deployments. These were labelled ‘separation’, ‘different culture’, ‘other people’ and ‘work frustration’. Higher levels of traumatic and non-traumatic exposures were reported by veterans of East Timor compared to Bougainville. Higher levels of subjective traumatic exposures were associated with increased rates of PTSD in East Timor veterans and more physical and psychological health symptoms in both deployed groups. In Bougainville and East Timor veterans some non-traumatic deployment stressors were also associated with worse health outcomes. Conclusion Strategies to best prepare, identify and treat those exposed to traumatic events and other stressors on deployment should be considered for Defence personnel deployed on both warlike and peacekeeping operations.

  9. Effectiveness of a video-based motivational skills-building HIV risk-reduction intervention for female military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Essien, E James; Mgbere, Osaro; Monjok, Emmanuel; Ekong, Ernest; Holstad, Marcia M; Kalichman, Seth C

    2011-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence suggests that the HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in several African armed forces are high, with gender inequality rendering female military personnel more vulnerable to the disease. The objective of this study was to replicate a successful videotape-based HIV prevention intervention among Nigerian female military personnel in an effort to establish the cross-cultural stability, feasibility and cost-effectiveness of this approach in resource-limited countries. Enlisted women (N346) were recruited from two cantonments in Southwestern Nigeria and randomly assigned to either (a) a 5-session video-based, small group, cognitive-behavioral, HIV prevention intervention, or (b) a 5-session, video-based, contact-matched, HIV education control condition. Participants provided self-report of their HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and sexual behaviors at baseline, 3 and 6 months after completing the intervention. The results indicate that the motivational skills-building intervention did not improve participants' knowledge of HIV/AIDS any better than did the HIV education control condition at each assessment period, but it significantly increased condom use among women in this group by 53.6% at 3-month follow-up. HIV preventive behaviors among women in the motivational skills-building intervention group improved significantly, being 2 and 3 times more, compared to women in the HIV education control group at 3-month and 6-month follow-up assessments. The intervention also significantly improved behavioral intentions of participants as well as reduced alcohol use before sex by 25%, after 3 months; and number of sexual partners by 12% after 6 months. Women in the intervention group were five times more likely than women in HIV education control group to suggest that their new male partners use condom. These findings indicate that a videotape-based, HIV prevention intervention is a feasible and effective approach to HIV prevention among female military personnel from sub

  10. Effectiveness comparison between Thai traditional massage and Chinese acupuncture for myofascial back pain in Thai military personnel: a preliminary report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumnerddee, Wipoo

    2009-02-01

    The objective of this randomized comparative study was to provide preliminary data of comparative effectiveness of Thai traditional massage (TTM) and Chinese acupuncture for the treatment of myofascial back pain in young military personnel. Eighteen Thai military personnel, aged ranging from 20-40 years were randomly divided into TTM and acupuncture groups. Each group received 5 sessions of massage or acupuncture during a 10-day period. The Thai version McGill Pain Questionnaire, 100-mm, visual analog scale (VAS) and summation of pain threshold in each trigger point measured by pressure algometer were assessed at day 0, 3, 8 and 10. At the end of treatment protocols, McGill scores decreased significantly in TTM and acupuncture groups (p = 0.024 and 0.002, respectively). VAS also decreased significantly (p = 0.029 and 0.003, respectively). However, the pain pressure threshold increased significantly in the acupuncture group but not in the TTM group (p = 0.006 and 0.08, respectively). When outcomes were compared between the two groups, no significant difference was found in the VAS (p = 0.115) and pain pressure threshold (p = 0.116), whereas the acupuncture group showed significantly lower McGill scores than the TTM group (p = 0.039). In conclusion, five sessions of Thai traditional massage and Chinese acupuncture were effective for the treatment of myofascial back pain in young Thai military personnel. Significant effects in both groups begin after the first session. Acupuncture is more effective than Thai traditional massage when affective aspect is also evaluated.

  11. Cross-sectional study of alteration of phantom limb pain with visceral stimulation in military personnel with amputation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rafferty, Michael; Bennett Britton, Thomas M; Drew, Benjamin T; Phillip, Rhodri D

    2015-01-01

    While phantom limb pain is a well-recognized phenomenon, clinical experience has suggested that the augmentation of phantom limb pain with visceral stimulation is an issue for many military personnel with amputation (visceral stimulation being the sensation of the bowel or bladder either filling or evacuating). However, the prevalence of this phenomenon is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the alteration in phantom limb pain and the effect that visceral stimulation has on phantom limb pain intensity. A cross-sectional study of 75 military personnel who have lost one or both lower limbs completed a questionnaire to assess the prevalence of the alteration of phantom limb pain with visceral stimulation. Included in the questionnaire was a pain visual analog scale (VAS) graded from 0 to 10. Patients recorded the presence and intensity of phantom limb pain. They also recorded whether and how this pain altered with a need to micturate or micturition, and/or a need to defecate or defecation, again using a pain VAS. Time since amputation, level of amputation, and medications were also recorded. Patients reported a phantom limb pain prevalence of 85% with a mean VAS of 3.6. In all, 56% of patients reported a change in the severity of phantom limb pain with visceral stimuli. The mean increase in VAS for visceral stimulation was 2.5 +/- 1.6 for bladder stimulation and 2.9 +/- 2.0 for bowel stimulation. Of the patients questioned, 65% reported an improvement in symptoms over time. VAS scores were highest in the subgroup less than 6 mo postamputation. An increase in phantom limb pain with visceral stimulation is a common problem for military personnel with amputation.

  12. Military Personnel: Medical, Family Support, and Educational Services Are Available for Exceptional Family Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-16

    pediatric care, are available through the military health system at the proposed location. Due to this consideration, each military service assigns...EFMP. Conditions that require adaptive equipment (e.g., wheelchair , hearing aid, home oxygen therapy, home ventilator), assistive technology devices...e.g., communication devices) or environmental and architectural considerations (e.g., wheelchair accessibility) are also included. (See app. III for

  13. The Role of Sleep in the Health and Resiliency of Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    Hout, 2010), medical and environmental (O’Connor, Deuster, DeGroot & White, 2010), The Role of Sleep in the Health and Resiliency of Military...O’Connor, F. G., Deuster, P. A., DeGroot , D. W., & White, D. W. (2010). Medical and environmental fitness. Military Medicine, 175(August Suppl.)(8), 57

  14. Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels and Stress Fractures in Military Personnel: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dao, Dyda; Sodhi, Sukhmani; Tabasinejad, Rasam; Peterson, Devin; Ayeni, Olufemi R; Bhandari, Mohit; Farrokhyar, Forough

    2015-08-01

    Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels have been associated with stress fractures in various physically active populations such as the military. To examine the association between serum 25(OH)D levels and stress fractures in the military. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Relevant studies were identified through searching multiple databases and manually screening reference lists. Two reviewers independently selected the included studies by applying the eligibility criteria to the title, abstract, and/or full text of the articles yielded in the search. Two reviewers also independently conducted the methodological quality assessment and data extraction. A random-effects model was used to calculate the mean difference (MD) with 95% CI in serum 25(OH)D levels between stress fracture cases and controls. Nine observational studies on lower extremity stress fractures were eligible, and 1 was excluded due to inadequate data. A total of 2634 military personnel (age, 18-30 years; 44% male) with 761 cases (16% male) and 1873 controls (61% male) from 8 studies were included in the analysis. Three of the 8 studies measured serum 25(OH)D levels at the time of stress fracture diagnosis, and the 5 remaining studies measured serum 25(OH)D levels at the time of entry into basic training. The mean serum 25(OH)D level was lower in stress fracture cases than in controls at the time of entry into basic training (MD, -2.63 ng/mL; 95% CI, -5.80 to 0.54; P = .10; I(2) = 65%) and at the time of stress fracture diagnosis (MD, -2.26 ng/mL; 95% CI, -3.89 to -0.63; P = .007; I(2) = 42%). Despite the inherent limitations of the included studies, the study results suggest some association between low serum 25(OH)D levels and lower extremity stress fractures in military personnel. Given the rigorous training of military personnel, implementing strategies to ensure sufficient 25(OH)D levels may be beneficial for reducing the risk of stress fractures. © 2014 The Author(s).

  15. External-cause mortality among 21 609 Norwegian male military peacekeepers deployed to Lebanon between 1978 and 1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strand, Leif Aage; Martinsen, Jan Ivar; Fadum, Elin Anita; Borud, Einar Kristian

    2017-08-01

    To investigate external-cause mortality among 21 609 Norwegian male military peacekeepers deployed to Lebanon during 1978-1998. The cohort was followed from the 1st day of deployment through 2013, and mortality during deployment and post discharge was assessed using SMRs calculated from national rates in Norway. Poisson regression was used to see the effect of high-conflict versus low-conflict exposure. For the total cohort, external-cause mortality was within expected values during deployment (SMR=0.80) and post discharge (SMR=1.05). In the low-conflict exposure group, a lower mortality from all external causes (SMR=0.77), transport accidents (SMR=0.55) and accidental poisoning (SMR=0.53) was seen. The high-conflict exposure group showed an elevated mortality from all external causes (SMR=1.20), transport accidents (SMR=1.51) and suicide (SMR=1.30), but these risks were elevated only during the first 5 years after discharge. This group also showed elevated mortality from all external causes (rate ratio, RR=1.49), and for transport accidents (RR=3.30) when compared with the low-conflict exposure group. Overall external-cause mortality among our peacekeepers was equal to national rates during deployment and post discharge. High-conflict exposure was associated with elevated mortality from all external causes, transport accidents and suicide during the first 5 years after discharge from service. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  16. Development of the military personnel resilience scale%军人心理承受力量表的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤泉; 张理义

    2009-01-01

    Objective To develop a new instrument, the resilience scale for military personnel, and examine its reliability and validity. Methods The resilience scale for military personnel was compiled according to open-ended inventory survey . The sample consisted of 860 soldiers, 50 of them were re-tested with the new scale, another 80 tested by Chinese Military Mental Health Scale (CMMHS) at the same time. Factor analysis and Pearson's correlations were used to examine the reliability and validity of the resilience scale for military personnel. Results Based on factor analysis result, 5 factors were extracted, and added 1 lie factor, there were 32 items in theformal scale. The the Cronbach'α of total scale was 0.925, and subscales 0.597~0.810(P<0.01) , split-half reliability was 0.895 of total scale, and 0.384~0.739 of subscales (P < 0.01) ; retest reliability was 0.447 of total scale, and 0.494~0.658 of subscales(P<0.01 or P<0.05). The correlation was significant between the factors of this scale and factors of CMMHS. Conclusion The resilience scale for military personnel has good reliability and validity. The resilience scale has good psychological quality and proves to be applicable to Chinese military personnel in evaluating their resilience.%目的 研制中国军人心理承受力量表,检验其信度和效度.方法 对基层连队官兵进行开放式问卷调查,据此编制初始问卷.量表的有效样本 860人,间隔2周重测样本50人,并同时对另外80人使用中国军人心理健康量表(CMMHS)进行测试.对收集到的数据进行因素分析和相关分析,考察量表的信度和效度.结果 根据因素分析结果,最终形成5个因子.另含一个掩饰因子,止式量表有32个条目.总量表的Cronbach'α系数为0.925,各分量表为0.597~0.810(P<0.01);量表的分半信度为0.895,各分量表为0.384~0.739(P<0.01);总量表的重测信度为0.447,各分量表为0.494~0.658,P<0.01或P<0.05;本量表与CMMHS的大部分

  17. Military Hospitalizations among Deployed US Service Members Following Anthrax Vaccination, 1998-2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    and hospitalizations for a wide range of outcomes. Cox propor- tional hazards models could not be run for systemic lupus erythematosus , fibromyalgia...sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus , or fibromyalgia. Vaccine safety within military populations remains an important issue, and further study is...be- known severe adverse health effects, excluding mortality and pregnancy -related outcomes, associated with anthrax vaccination. Outcomes were

  18. The impact of culture clash on deployed troops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Talya; Buckman, Joshua; Dandeker, Christopher; Greenberg, Neil

    2010-12-01

    Culture plays a crucial role in the military, helping the armed forces achieve their goals. However, cultural issues can negatively affect personnel's well-being and effectiveness, especially when there is a "clash" between military and other cultures. The literature suggests there should be more training and education on individual service cultures, as well as other countries' military cultures to improve cooperation and coordination during joint operations and working in multinational forces. A greater knowledge of local cultures may help avoid offending noncombatants. When deployment ends, service personnel need more support when they transition back to civilian culture.

  19. Military Personnel. Military and Civilian Pay Comparisons Present Challenges and Are One of Many Tools in Assessing Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    factor”—to compensate for those disadvantages of service life (e.g., working conditions, risk of death or injury, and, during war, frequent...and off DOD installations; and, whenever possible, supporting the needs of their personnel for hourly care and preschool programs by expanding the...Marine Corps Reserve, and draw “retainer pay” which is computed on the same formula as retirement pay. When a Fleet Reserve or Fleet Marine Corps

  20. Training Australian military health care personnel in the primary care of maxillofacial wounds from improvised explosive devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, B E; Hale, R G

    2010-06-01

    Severe facial wounds frequently result from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) as the face is still vulnerable despite advances in personal protection of soldiers. In contrast to the poor outcomes with civilian maxillofacial trauma management methods initially employed by the US Army for maxillofacial wounds from IEDs, advances in wound management methods for such injuries by the US Army have resulted in significant improvements in appearance and function. This article describes the features of a short course in the primary management of combat related maxillofacial wounds for deployed health care personnel who may not be facial specialists, including contemporary treatment techniques for those confronting wounds from IEDs which are explained in this course.

  1. Pre- and Post-Marital Chaplain Ministry to Military Personnel and Korean Nationals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-24

    service person’s financial ability and the alien spouse’s immigration requirements. In addition to the commander’s *initial screening , both service...all military families in addition to military transcultural marriages. Korean Wives’ View of Commanders’ Screening Advice Army regulation requires...Encourage the applicant to seek premarital advice and counsel of a mili- tary chaplain or a civilian clergyman of the applicant’s choice, before making

  2. [Principles and methods of mental health resource assessment in military personnel under conditions of demographic crisis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vorona, A A; Syrkin, L D

    2011-03-01

    The article is devoted to developing the principles and methods of resource assessment of mental health military contingent in terms of demographic decline and reform of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. From the standpoint of the concept of the mutual influence of the value-semantic components and the level of psychological adaptation resources demonstrates the possibility of evaluating resource capabilities of the psyche of military contingent.

  3. Dental Epidemiology of Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    acute oral did separate out maxillofacial injuries , but the more recent infections, to control life-threatening oral conditions (hemor- study did not...caries"-de- fines caries to include decay, periapical abscesses. and defec- Maxillofacial Injuries tive restorations. The results show that in all...deployment. TABLE I[ COMPARISON OF STUDIES OF MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES OF DEPLOYED MILITARY PERSONNEL Percent Percent Percent Hostile Missle Due to Wounds

  4. Determinants of burnout in acute and critical care military nursing personnel: a cross-sectional study from Peru.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Ayala

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Evidence on the prevalence and determinants of burnout among military acute and critical care nursing personnel from developing countries is minimal, precluding the development of effective preventive measures for this high-risk occupational group. In this context, we aimed to examine the association between the dimensions of burnout and selected socio-demographic and occupational factors in military acute/critical care nursing personnel from Lima, Peru. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 93 nurses/nurse assistants from the acute and critical care departments of a large, national reference, military hospital in Lima, Peru, using a socio-demographic/occupational questionnaire and a validated Spanish translation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Total scores for each of the burnout dimensions were calculated for each participant. Higher emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation scores, and lower personal achievement scores, implied a higher degree of burnout. We used linear regression to evaluate the association between each of the burnout dimensions and selected socio-demographic and occupational characteristics, after adjusting for potential confounders. The associations of the burnout dimensions were heterogeneous for the different socio-demographic and occupational factors. Higher emotional exhaustion scores were independently associated with having children (p<0.05 and inversely associated with the time working in the current department (p<0.05. Higher depersonalization scores were independently associated with being single compared with being divorced, separated or widowed (p<0.01, working in the emergency room/intensive care unit compared with the recovery room (p<0.01, and inversely associated with age (p<0.05. Finally, higher personal achievement scores were independently associated with having children (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: Among Peruvian military acute and critical care nursing personnel, potential

  5. Hair cortisol concentrations and cortisol stress reactivity predict PTSD symptom increase after trauma exposure during military deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steudte-Schmiedgen, Susann; Stalder, Tobias; Schönfeld, Sabine; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Trautmann, Sebastian; Alexander, Nina; Miller, Robert; Kirschbaum, Clemens

    2015-09-01

    Previous evidence on endocrine risk markers for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been inconclusive. Here, we report results of the first prospective study to investigate whether long-term hair cortisol levels and experimentally-induced cortisol stress reactivity are predictive of the development of PTSD symptomatology in response to trauma during military deployment. Male soldiers were examined before deployment to Afghanistan and at a 12-month post-deployment follow-up using dimensional measures for psychopathological symptoms. The predictive value of baseline (i) hair cortisol concentrations (HCC, N=90) and (ii) salivary cortisol stress reactivity (measured by the Trier Social Stress Test, N=80) for the development of PTSD symptomatology after being exposed to new-onset traumatic events was analyzed. Baseline cortisol activity significantly predicted PTSD symptom change from baseline to follow-up upon trauma exposure. Specifically, our results consistently revealed that lower HCC and lower cortisol stress reactivity were predictive of a greater increase in PTSD symptomatology in soldiers who had experienced new-onset traumatic events (explaining 5% and 10.3% of variance, respectively). Longitudinal analyses revealed an increase in HCC from baseline to follow-up and a trend for a negative relationship between HCC changes and the number of new-onset traumatic events. Additional pre-deployment analyses revealed that trauma history was reflected in lower HCC (at trend level) and that HCC were negatively related to stressful load. Our data indicate that attenuated cortisol secretion is a risk marker for subsequent development of PTSD symptomatology upon trauma exposure. Future studies are needed to confirm our findings in other samples. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Embedded fragments from U.S. military personnel--chemical analysis and potential health implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Centeno, José A; Rogers, Duane A; van der Voet, Gijsbert B; Fornero, Elisa; Zhang, Lingsu; Mullick, Florabel G; Chapman, Gail D; Olabisi, Ayodele O; Wagner, Dean J; Stojadinovic, Alexander; Potter, Benjamin K

    2014-01-23

    The majority of modern war wounds are characterized by high-energy blast injuries containing a wide range of retained foreign materials of a metallic or composite nature. Health effects of retained fragments range from local or systemic toxicities to foreign body reactions or malignancies, and dependent on the chemical composition and corrosiveness of the fragments in vivo. Information obtained by chemical analysis of excised fragments can be used to guide clinical decisions regarding the need for fragment removal, to develop therapeutic interventions, and to better anticipate future medical problems from retained fragment related injuries. In response to this need, a new U.S Department of Defense (DoD) directive has been issued requiring characterization of all removed fragments to provide a database of fragment types occurring in combat injuries. The objective of this study is to determine the chemical composition of retained embedded fragments removed from injured military personnel, and to relate results to histological findings in tissue adjacent to fragment material. We describe an approach for the chemical analysis and characterization of retained fragments and adjacent tissues, and include case examples describing fragments containing depleted uranium (DU), tungsten (W), lead (Pb), and non-metal foreign bodies composed of natural and composite materials. Fragments obtained from four patients with penetrating blast wounds to the limbs were studied employing a wide range of chemical and microscopy techniques. Available adjacent tissues from three of the cases were histologically, microscopically, and chemically examined. The physical and compositional properties of the removed foreign material surfaces were examined with energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectrometry (EDXRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), laser ablation inductively-coupled plasma mass-spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS), and confocal laser Raman microspectroscopy (CLRM). Quantitative chemical

  7. Dwell Time and Psychological Screening Outcomes Among Military Service Members With Multiple Combat Deployments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    on mental health outcomes and should be exam- ined to identify key determinants of resilience. The issues of a dwell-titTie policy and whether certain...Gahm GA, Swanson RD, Duma SJ; Association between number of deployments to Iraq and niental health screening outcomes in US Army soldiers. J Clin

  8. The long-term burden of military deployment on the health care system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eekhout, I.; Geuze, E.; Vermetten, E.

    2016-01-01

    Health care providers need to be aware that stress complaints that result from deployment can emerge even after many years. This has important implications for health care policies. The main aim of this study is to investigate the relation between the development of posttraumatic stress and other

  9. Work-Related Issues Facing Nurse Anesthetists During Deployment on Military Operation Other Than War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-10-01

    sites. There were mosquitoes, banana rats, iguanas , and sand crabs in Cuba; camel spiders, mice, scorpions, snakes, and "attack" flies in Saudi Arabia...doctrine/jel/new_pubs/jplO2. pdf NURSE ANESTHETIST DEPLOYMENT ISSUES 62 Kincheloe, J.L., & McLaren, P.L. (1994). Rethinking critical theory and qualitative

  10. Work-Related Issues Facing Nurse Anesthetists During Deployment on a Military Operation Other Than War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-10-01

    an every day occurrence at the majority of sites. There were mosquitoes, banana rats, iguanas , and sand crabs in Cuba; camel spiders, mice, scorpions...www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/new_pubs/jpl_02. pdf NURSE ANESTHETIST DEPLOYMENT ISSUES 62 Kincheloe, J.L

  11. Vision and Displays for Military and Security Applications The Advanced Deployable Day/Night Simulation Project

    CERN Document Server

    Niall, Keith K

    2010-01-01

    Vision and Displays for Military and Security Applications presents recent advances in projection technologies and associated simulation technologies for military and security applications. Specifically, this book covers night vision simulation, semi-automated methods in photogrammetry, and the development and evaluation of high-resolution laser projection technologies for simulation. Topics covered include: advances in high-resolution projection, advances in image generation, geographic modeling, and LIDAR imaging, as well as human factors research for daylight simulation and for night vision devices. This title is ideal for optical engineers, simulator users and manufacturers, geomatics specialists, human factors researchers, and for engineers working with high-resolution display systems. It describes leading-edge methods for human factors research, and it describes the manufacture and evaluation of ultra-high resolution displays to provide unprecedented pixel density in visual simulation.

  12. Reforming Military Command Arrangements: The Case of the Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal , the President was confronted with a multi- tude of difficult issues. After a year in office, the Na- 8 tional... Nixon had moved the relationship be- tween the United States and the Soviet Union towards détente, the Carter administration was faced with an ever...policies and military command arrange- ments that the new administration inherited. The Nixon and Gerald Ford years had bestowed upon President Carter a

  13. Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in a Military Deployed Setting: The Impact of an Aggressive Infection Control Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-01

    A, et al. An outbreak of multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii -calcoaceticus complex infections in the U.S. military health-care system...resistant Acinetobacter baumannii associated with pulsatile lavage wound treatment. JAMA. 2004;292:3006–3011. 7. Urban C, Segal-Maurer S, Rahal JJ...Considerations in control and treatment of nosocomial infections due to multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii . Clin Infect Dis. 2003;36:1268–1274. 8

  14. Disordered Eating and Weight Changes after Deployment: Longitudinal Assessment of a Large US Military Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-04

    anorexia nervosa . Arch Intern Med. 2005; 165(5):561–566. 11. Hadley SJ, Walsh BT. Gastrointestinal disturbances in an- orexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa ...bulimia nervosa of 8% for women and 7% for men, rates that exceed population estimates (3, 4). The elevated prev- alence of eating disorders in military...survey was able to identify individuals with bulimia nervosa , subclinical bulimia nervosa , binge- eating disorder, and subclinical binge-eating

  15. A Female Urinary Diversion Device for Military Women in the Deployed Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-27

    COVERED (From - To) 1 July 2012 -31 May 2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER N/A A Female Urinary Diversion Device... Freedom (OEF) were recruited from an SRC. They were randomly assigned to the IG (n = 61) or CG (n = 33). Of the 61 military women randomized to... Contract : 10245 - A Female Urinary Diversion Device for Militar Award Amount: 188,269.00 Total Estimated: 188,269.00 Total Funded: 188,269.00 Category

  16. Promoting Parenting to Support Reintegrating Military Families: After Deployment, Adaptive Parenting Tools

    OpenAIRE

    Gewirtz, Abigail H.; Pinna, Keri L. M.; Hanson, Sheila K; Brockberg, Dustin

    2014-01-01

    The high operational tempo of the current conflicts and the unprecedented reliance on National Guard and Reserve forces highlights the need for services to promote reintegration efforts for those transitioning back to civilian family life. Despite evidence that parenting has significant influence on children’s functioning, and that parenting may be impaired during stressful family transitions, there is a dearth of empirically-supported psychological interventions tailored for military familie...

  17. Healthcare Coverage and Disability Evaluation for Reserve Component Personnel: Research for the 11th Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosek, Susan D

    2012-01-01

    Because Reserve Component (RC) members have been increasingly used in an operational capacity, among the policy issues being addressed by the 11th Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation (QRMC) is compensation and benefits for the National Guard and Reserve. As part of the review, RAND was asked to analyze healthcare coverage and disability benefits for RC members, including participation in the TRICARE Reserve Select (TRS) program, the potential effects of national health reform on coverage rates, and disability evaluation outcomes for RC members. This article summarizes the results of RAND's analysis. The author finds that 30 percent of RC members lack health insurance to cover care for non-service-related conditions. The TRS program offers the option of purchasing health insurance through the military on terms that are superior to typical employer benefits. Although program participation has increased, it remains low and TRS does not appear to be effectively targeting those most likely to be uninsured. TRS premiums are also lower than the premiums for the new options that will be available under health reform and the same as the penalty for not being insured. So health reform is likely to increase TRS enrollment. Finally, previously deployed RC members are referred to the Disability Evaluation System at a much lower rate than Active Component (AC) members, even for deployment-related conditions, but those who are referred receive dispositions (and thus benefits) similar to those for AC members. These findings suggest that the Department of Defense may want to consider ways to better coordinate TRS with other insurance options that will be available to RC members and that the identification of RC members who experience health consequences from deployment leading to disability merits further investigation.

  18. Dental attendance and self-assessment of dental status by Israeli military personnel according to gender, education, and smoking status, 1998-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zadik, Yehuda; Zusman, Shlomo P; Galor, Shay; Dinte, Arieh F

    2009-02-01

    The goal of the study was to analyze dental attendance and self-assessment of dental status among Israeli military personnel, according to gender, education, and smoking status. Data were analyzed from a computerized questionnaire on dental attendance and dental status, completed by military personnel who attended one medical clinic for the required periodic medical examination between 1998 and 2006. For 60% of the respondents, the last dental visit was within the previous 12 months. The last dental visit was for scheduled treatment for 49.8%, a dental examination for 21.5%, and emergency dental treatment for 12.2%. College graduates rated their dental self-care higher than non-college graduates, and nonsmokers rated their self-care higher than smokers. Of the participants, 50.9% considered their own dental status good or excellent and 7.2% considered their oral health status poor. No significant differences were found according to gender. The findings indicated high dental attendance but low self-perception of dental status in Israeli military personnel in comparison with the Israeli general population and low attendance in comparison with U.S. Army personnel. A compulsory periodic dental examination among Israeli military personnel, similar to the required periodic medical examination, is recommended.

  19. The risk of depressive disorder following disasters and military deployment: a systematic review with meta-analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Jens Peter; Utzon-Frank, Nicolai; Bertelsen, M;

    2016-01-01

    : A systematic literature search combined with reference screening identified 23 controlled epidemiological studies. We used random effects models to compute pooled odds ratios (ORs). RESULTS: The average OR was significantly elevated following all types of exposures: natural disaster OR = 2.28 (95% CI 1......BACKGROUND: Numerous studies describe the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder following disasters, but less is known about the risk of major depression. AIMS: To review the risk of depressive disorder in people surviving disasters and in soldiers returning from military deployment. METHOD.......30-3.98), technological disaster OR = 1.44 (95% CI 1.21-1.70), terrorist acts OR = 1.80 (95% CI 1.38-2.34) and military combat OR = 1.60 (95% CI 1.09-2.35). In a subset of ten high-quality studies OR was 1.41 (95% CI 1.06-1.87). CONCLUSIONS: Disasters and combat experience substantially increase the risk of depression...

  20. Problems with veteran-family communication during operation enduring freedom/operation Iraqi freedom military deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinojosa, Ramon; Hinojosa, Melanie Sberna; Högnäs, Robin S

    2012-02-01

    Twenty Reserve component (Army and Marines) and Army National Guard male veterans of Operational Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom discuss their deployment and postdeployment family reintegration experiences. A Grounded Theory approach is used to highlight some of the ways in which family miscommunication during deployment can occur. Communication with civilian family members is affected by the needs of operational security, technical problems with communication tools, miscommunication between family members, or because veterans have "nothing new to say" to family back home. These communication difficulties may lead to an initial gulf of understanding between veterans and family members that can cause family strain during postdeployment family reintegration. We end with a discussion of veteran family reintegration difficulties.

  1. Military to Civilian: RCT of an Intervention to Promote Post-deployment Reintegration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    for improving outcomes among OIF/OEF veterans with post-deployment reintegration problems that can be used throughout VA for very little expense...civilian life2-4 Pilot Survey of Reintegration Difficulties ♦ Pilot survey results indicated that an estimated 96% of OEF/OIF combat veterans (n = 754...Certification & Accreditation) CONCLUSIONS ♦ Almost all OEF/OIF combat veterans express interest in services for reintegration problems ♦ Expressive Writing

  2. A Female Urinary Diversion Device for Military Women in the Deployed Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-27

    explore the utility of a female urinary diversion device (FUDD) as a self- care measure for female urination in the deployment environment, and 2...provides scientifically based support for the FUDD’s feasibility for MW in austere settings and clinical support for the FUDD as a self- care measure ...9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) TriService Nursing Research TSNRP Program, 4301 Jones

  3. Posttraumatic stress disorder among Danish soldiers 2.5 years after military deployment in Afghanistan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hellerup, Janne; Andersen, Søren Bo; Høgh (Hogh), Annie

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) implicates research regarding factors besides the preceding traumatic event. This study investigated the influence of predisposing personality traits on development of PTSD in a group of Danish Soldiers deployed to Afghanistan ......, and Spearman¡'s rho significant relationships were identified between pre-existing personality traits of neuroticism and agreeableness with development of PTSD symptoms 2.5 years after homecoming, however, a number of additional cofounders were identified....

  4. In Harm’s Way: Infections in Deployed American Military Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-23

    a US Army helicopter pilot after a 5-month deployment in Iraq (blood culture grew Brucella melitensis ); he had observed the slaughter of a sheep, but...This typically results from direct contact with the reservoir hosts (commonly cattle, goats , and sheep), but it may occur after exposure to...Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease endemic to the Middle East and transmitted to humans through contact with infected an- imals. Brucella bacteria may be

  5. Do alcohol-based hand rubs reduce the incidence of acute diarrhea during military deployments? A prospective randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Succo, Tiphanie; De Laval, Franck; Sicard, Sébastien; Belleoud, Didier; Marimoutou, Catherine; Mayet, Aurélie; Sagaon-Teyssier, Luis; Michel, Rémy

    Acute diarrhea remains a public health concern in armed forces deployed in tropical areas where access to water and soap is limited. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of alcohol-based hand rubs (ABHR) on incidence of diarrhea in poor hygiene conditions. A prospective randomized trial was conducted between November 2014 and January 2015 among French military troops deployed in Africa to compare a group of soldiers receiving usual hand hygiene recommendations (control group), to a group of soldiers who received ABHR in addition to usual hand hygiene recommendations (intervention group). Data on diarrhea and hygiene behaviors were collected using self-questionnaires. The incidence rate of diarrhea episodes in groups was compared. Participation rate was 59% (236/400). The proportion of individuals who used ABHR was 97% in the intervention group and 62% in the control group. The overall incidence rate of diarrheal episodes was observed to be in the region of 60 per 100 persons-month without any significant difference between groups after adjustment on confounding factors (p = 0.93). Handwashing with soap was used on average 4 times a day in the control group and twice a day in the intervention group (p = 0.93). It was the only significant protective factor for diarrhea (p soap and good quality water should be a priority on the field. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  6. [Experience of medical backup of military parade on Red Square. Authors showed data about medical backup of military personnel taking part in the parade on Red Square dedicating to anniversary of victory in the Great Patriotic War].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malykh, A B; Iakovlev, S V; Valevskiĭ, V V

    2014-03-01

    Authors showed data about medical backup of military personnel taking part in the parade on Red Square dedicating to anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War. Experience of running such events allowed to work out an algorithm for medical service: preparatory stage, training stage, running of parade, stage of move out to permanent base. During the parade on Red Square for medical care asked 18 people (participants of parade and civilians). Authors came to conclusion that as a result of medical backup of military personnel taking part in the parade no infectious and group diseases were registered.

  7. Relationship between Leadership and Characteristics of Learning Organizations in Deployed Military Units: An Exploratory Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eileen Van Aken

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Previous research has shown that military units operating in the context of risky missions display the characteristics of a Learning Organization. The present work provides preliminary exploratory evidence about the association between Learning Organization characteristics and leadership styles used by military leaders in the field. Based on the literature, we hypothesized that higher Learning Organization characteristics would be associated with a more transformational style of leadership that inspires followers. With this purpose, the five characteristics of a Learning Organization as defined by Peter Senge (Systems Thinking, Team Learning, Shared Vision, Mental Models, and Personal Mastery and leadership styles as defined by the multifactor leadership model of Bass and Avolio (Transformational, Transactional, and Passive-Avoidant, were measured among commanding officers who had recently served in a mission abroad. Associations with organizational outcomes (Extra-Effort, Effectiveness, and Satisfaction were also investigated for both Learning Organization characteristics and leadership styles. The correlations showed that Learning Organization characteristics were highly related to Transformational leadership dimensions, and also with Transactional leadership based on Contingent Rewards; meanwhile no association was found with a Passive-Avoidant leadership. Organizational outcomes were also related to Transformational leadership, Contingent Rewards and to various characteristics of a Learning Organization. Implications of these results, as well as avenues for future research, are also discussed.

  8. Posttraumatic stress disorder among Danish soldiers 2.5 years after military deployment in Afghanistan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hellerup, Janne; Andersen, Søren Bo; Høgh (Hogh), Annie

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) implicates research regarding factors besides the preceding traumatic event. This study investigated the influence of predisposing personality traits on development of PTSD in a group of Danish Soldiers deployed to Afghanistan (N...... = 445). Using a prospective design data was collected using questionnaires including the NEO Five Factor Inventory and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist. The results showed a PTSD-prevalence of 9.2% in the total sample 2.5 years after homecoming. Using Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U...

  9. Trajectories of Trauma Symptoms and Resilience in Deployed US Military Service Members: Prospective Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    Akaike information criterion 71 637.96 69 472.81 68 532.31 67 784.48 66 735.33 Bayesian information criterion 71...50.001 Multiple deployers (n=4394) Akaike information criterion 89 371.29 86 409.24 84 755.68 83 830.92 83 038.46 Bayesian information criterion 89 428.78...693.12 69 546.36 68 611.99 67 882.55 66 864.05 Sample size-adjusted Bayesian information criterion 71 664.52 69 508.23 68 570.69 67 831.71 66

  10. Improved Sleep in Military Personnel is Associated with Changes in the Expression of Inflammatory Genes and Improvement in Depression Symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whitney S. Livingston

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Study Objectives: Sleep disturbances are common in military personnel and are associated with increased risk for psychiatric morbidity, including posttraumatic stress disorder and depression, as well as inflammation. Improved sleep quality is linked to reductions in inflammatory bio-markers; however, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Methods: In this study we examine whole genome expression changes related to improved sleep in 68 military personnel diagnosed with insomnia. Subjects were classified into the following groups and then compared: improved sleep (n=46, or non-improved sleep (n=22 following three months of standard of care treatment for insomnia. Within subject differential expression was determined from microarray data using the Partek Genomics Suite analysis program and the interactive pathway analysis was used to determine key regulators of observed expression changes. Changes in symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder were also compared. Results: At baseline both groups were similar in demographics, clinical characteristics, and gene-expression profiles. The microarray data revealed that 217 coding genes were differentially expressed at the follow-up-period compared to baseline in the participants with improved sleep. Expression of inflammatory cytokines were reduced including IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-13, with fold changes ranging from -3.19 to -2.1, and there were increases in the expression of inflammatory regulatory genes including toll-like receptors 1, 4, 7, and 8 in the improved sleep group. Interactive pathway analysis revealed 6 gene networks, including ubiquitin which was a major regulator in these gene-expression changes. The improved sleep group also had a significant reduction in the severity of depressive symptoms.Conclusions: Interventions that restore sleep likely reduce the expression of inflammatory genes, which relate to ubiquitin genes and relate to reductions in depressive symptoms.

  11. Military hospitalizations among deployed US service members following anthrax vaccination, 1998-2001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Timothy Steven; Sato, Paul A; Smith, Tyler Clain; Wang, Linda Zhenling; Reed, Robert John; Ryan, Margaret Angela Kappel

    2006-01-01

    Safety concerns have confronted the Department of Defense Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program since inception in 1998. To determine if anthrax vaccination was associated with an increased risk of hospitalization, a historical cohort study utilizing pre- and post-anthrax-vaccination hospitalizations was undertaken and analyzed with Cox proportional hazards models. The study population consisted of 170,723 active duty US service members who were anthrax-vaccinated and deployed during the time period January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2001. Study outcomes included hospitalizations due to any-cause, 14 broad International Classification of Diseases diagnostic categories, autoimmune organ specific and organ non-specific hospitalizations, and asthma. After adjustment, anthrax vaccination was associated with significantly fewer hospitalizations for any-cause, diseases of the blood and blood forming organs, and diseases of the respiratory system. Comparing anthrax post-vaccination hospitalization experience with the pre-vaccination period resulted in no significant increased hazard for any of the hospitalization outcomes studied. Although there was no apparent increase in risk of morbidity in this study population, the relationship between anthrax vaccine and deployment on health outcomes among US service members needs further study.

  12. Soldier Beliefs about the Readiness of Military Personnel with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-19

    research depict a fictional Soldier who has returned from a deployment having been exposed to an improvised explosive device (IED). The Soldier has either...manipulate factors that may influence perceptions of Soldiers with different types of problems, vignettes do lack the realism of actual interaction with

  13. Suicide and Violent Cognitions, Emotions, and Behaviors in U.S. Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-21

    used more substances, and were the subject of greater negative peer influence . In addition, Service members who died by suicide used a significantly... cases of U.S. military Service members committing acts of violence before dying by suicide, although rare, have been sensationalized in the media...behavior toward others. Although these incidents are rare, they are often highly publicized. Despite the media’s undue emphasis on these events, there is

  14. Assessment Mental Health and Musculoskeletal Disorders among Military Personnel in Bandar Abbas (Iran) in 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Mehdi Ashnagar; Aioob Ghanbary Sartang; Ehsanollah Habibi

    2017-01-01

    Musculoskeletal disorders represent a major issue in the military setting. Musculoskeletal disorders and mental disorders (MSD) are a major cause of disability in the working population. Musculoskeletal disorders and premature tiredness caused by work are arisen from incompatible individual work capacity and job demands. Physical and psychology condition may lead to the generation, amplification musculoskeletal disorders. Musculoskeletal disorders and mental health disorders are high in milit...

  15. Spice: A New Legal Herbal Mixture Abused by Young Active Duty Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    kinase, serum ethanol level ᝺ mg/dL, and urine drug screen was neg- ative for amphetamines , barbiturates, benzodi- azepines, cocaine, methadone...ABSTRACT. Spice is an herbal mixture smoked for euphoria and mixed with synthetic cannabinoids that are undetected on urine drug screens. Spice use has...increased in the military because it is con- sidered legal and is not detected on urine drug screen. The authors describe 3 cases of Spice use in

  16. Energy drinks: review of performance benefits, health concerns, and use by military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Lucas A; Foster, David; McDowell, Jackie C

    2014-04-01

    Energy drinks (EDs) are highly caffeinated beverages usually containing herbal ingredients promoted and consumed for purported improvements in attention and athletic performance. The popularity of EDs among adolescents and young adults has steadily increased for more than a decade. Reports suggest U.S. military populations consume EDs with greater frequency as compared to age-matched civilian populations. This article reviews the literature and outlines the current body of evidence evaluating the human performance benefits and potential harms associated with ED use.

  17. Understanding Low Survey Response Rates Among Young U.S. Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    two years of the RAND survey. We were unable to include some surveys, such as the 2010 Navy Pregnancy and Parenthood Survey, because response rates...stratified random sampling approach, oversampling women (including sampling all women in the Marine Corps) and oversampling men in the Marine Corps (DMDC...during the first week of basic military training, every Air Force recruit completed a behavioral risk questionnaire on such topics as smoking , alcohol use

  18. Increased vitamin plasma levels in Swedish military personnel treated with nutrients prior to automatic weapon training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C G Le Prell

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL is a significant clinical, social, and economic issue. The development of novel therapeutic agents to reduce NIHL will potentially benefit multiple very large noise-exposed populations. Oxidative stress has been identified as a significant contributor to noise-induced sensory cell death and NIHL, and several antioxidant strategies have now been suggested for potential translation to human subjects. One such strategy is a combination of beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, and magnesium, which has shown promise for protection against NIHL in rodent models, and is being evaluated in a series of international human clinical trials using temporary (military gunfire, audio player use and permanent (stamping factory, military airbase threshold shift models (NCT00808470. The noise exposures used in the recently completed Swedish military gunfire study described in this report did not, on average, result in measurable changes in auditory function using conventional pure-tone thresholds and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE amplitudes as metrics. However, analysis of the plasma samples confirmed significant elevations in the bloodstream 2 hours after oral consumption of active clinical supplies, indicating the dose is realistic. The plasma outcomes are encouraging, but clinical acceptance of any novel therapeutic critically depends on demonstration that the agent reduces noise-induced threshold shift in randomized, placebo-controlled, prospective human clinical trials. Although this noise insult did not induce hearing loss, the trial design and study protocol can be applied to other populations exposed to different noise insults.

  19. Spice: a new "legal" herbal mixture abused by young active duty military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bebarta, Vikhyat S; Ramirez, Sasha; Varney, Shawn M

    2012-01-01

    Spice is an herbal mixture smoked for euphoria and mixed with synthetic cannabinoids that are undetected on urine drug screens. Spice use has increased in the military because it is considered legal and is not detected on urine drug screen. The authors describe 3 cases of Spice use in military members. Case 1: 19-year-old male presented with paranoia, agitation, and visual hallucinations after smoking the "Space" brand of Spice. Urine thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) were negative. Case 2: 19-year-old female presented with sedation, amnesia, and agitation. She smoked the "Space" brand. She was alert within 3 hours of arrival. Urine GC-MS detected levorphanol. Case 3: 23-year-old male presented with delusions and paranoia. He complained of "monsters on his back." His symptoms improved in the emergency department (ED). His urine TLC and GC-MS were negative. All cases were admitted and evaluated by a toxicologist; all 3 had their history corroborated by family or friends, or with drug paraphernalia. Spice is a new herbal mixture that is increasingly used in the military. Expected effects are similar to cannabis, but may include more paranoia and hallucinations, and may differ for each brand.

  20. Optimizing fitness for duty and post-combat clinical services for military personnel and combat veterans with ADHD—a systematic review of the current literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iliyan Ivanov

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Attention deficit hyper activity disorder (ADHD is a developmental disorder, most often diagnosed in childhood, and characterized by hyperactivity and inattention that negatively impacts one's ability to function and fulfill social and personal obligations. Individuals with past history of ADHD may enlist in the military under certain conditions, however the full impact of military training and deployment of later in life ADHD symptoms is unclear. It is of particular interest how military experience may affect ADHD in remission and if such individuals might be at elevated risk for relapse of ADHD symptoms. Method: We performed a systematic review f the available literature including the Department of Defense (DOD guidelines for both eligibility to enlist and fitness for deployment based on reported history and current symptomatology of ADHD. Results: The after care for veterans with ADHD relapse is inconsistent and presents with number of challenges. We evaluate the DOD policies regarding the implications of ADHD for fitness for military service and post-combat mental health. Conclusion: The full extend of the interaction between pre-existing ADHD and post-combat PTSD are not fully understood. The development of comprehensive and clear algorithms for diagnosing and treating ADHD in the military before and after deployment will have a strong positive impact on the quality of care delivered to soldiers and veterans.

  1. Aerobic Power and Coronary Risk Factors in 40 and over Aged Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-18

    determined and, skinfold thickness (ram) measured at the subscaptlar, triceps, biceps, and suprailiac ".sites using Harpenden calipers. Age-adjusted...14 1:440-444, 1977. 5. Durnin, J.V\\G.A., and 3. W. Wormsley. Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness ...responses to exercise for the enlisted and officer personnel and for the total sampie studied during the pretraining period are presented in Table 1

  2. Endophenotypes of Dementia Associated with Traumatic Brain Injury in Retired Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    Kramer trained all study personnel on the administration of the neuropsychological tests; Dr. Kramer traveled to HJF and select HJF study staff... traveled to UCSF for training. Subtask 1b. Screen retired service members at AFRH and VHC-Yountville Data collection for the survey screening portion...Behavioral and functional variables are reported in Table 3. Individuals with TBI history participated in fewer intellectual and leisure activities (p

  3. Millimeter wave case study of operational deployments: retail, airport, military, courthouse, and customs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tryon, Gary V.

    2008-04-01

    In the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on America, our security and defense industry was instantly tasked with delivering technologies that could be used to help prevent future terrorist activities. The general public world wide is asking for solutions that will foster a safe society and travel environment. Our best defenses rest in our talents within a free open society to prevent dangerous individuals from boarding planes, entering buildings, courthouses, transportations hubs and military bases with weapons capable of causing damage and bodily harm in the first place. Passive millimeter wave (PMMW) whole body imaging systems are based upon the principle that every physical entity emits, reflects, and/or absorbs electromagnetic energy. The term "passive" means that this approach does not bombard the test subject with energy radiation to further induce the discovery of hidden objects. PMMW whole body imaging systems focus on the human body's natural emission and reflection of millimeter wavelength energy. In physics, "millimeter waves" (MMW) are defined as extremely high-frequency (30-300 GHz) electromagnetic oscillations. On the electromagnetic spectrum these waves are just larger than infrared waves, but smaller than radio waves. The wavelength of a MMW is between 1 millimeter and 10 millimeters. That is approximately the thickness of a large paperclip up to the diameter of an "AAA" battery.

  4. Physical Performance Decrements in Military Personnel Wearing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    with known concentrations of O2 and CO2 prior to each test . Maximum oxygen consumption ( VO2max ) was determined as the highest VO2 over three...functional field tests . Methodology Twenty-one physically active U.S. military volunteers on active duty (19 males, 24.2±3.7yr, 180.1±5.4 cm, 82.9±11.0 kg...completed a battery of physical performance tests with Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the

  5. Correlates of Frequent Mental Distress among Active and Former Military Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleanor DiBiasio

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Millions of veterans living in the United States suffer from mental illness. Understanding the correlates of mental illness can help target treatment to individuals in need and prevent mental distress, leading to healthier veterans and lower healthcare costs. Objective: To examine risk factors for mental illness among those who have served or currently serve in active duty military service in the U.S. armed forces. Methods: Data were from the 2010 Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between mental distress and age, race, gender, education, income, employment, time since service, marital status, number of dependent children, physical health, sleep, and emotional support among former or active duty military population. Results: Almost 9% of respondents reported frequent mental distress (FMD. Those with FMD were more likely to be minorities, young, single and female. The unemployed and those in poor physical health also had greater odds of FMD. Conclusion: Because individuals with physical ailments and lacking employment were most likely to report distress, physical therapy services and programs to address unemployment and poverty can have a positive impact on the mental health of veterans. Education and training programs and physical therapy offices may be excellent sites for FMD screening.

  6. Comparison of Whole-Body Cooling Techniques for Athletes and Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nye, Emma A; Eberman, Lindsey E; Games, Kenneth E; Carriker, Colin

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate cooling rates of The Polar Life Pod(®), a military protocol and cold water immersion. A randomized, repeated measures design was used to compare three treatment options. Participants exercised in an environmental chamber, where they followed a military march protocol on a treadmill, followed by the application of one of three treatments: Cold water immersion tub (5 - 10 °C), Polar Life Pod® (5 - 10 °C), Ice sheets at onset (5 - 10 °C). Mean cooling rate for CWI was 0.072 ºC/min, 0.046ºC/min for ice sheets, and 0.040ºC/min for The Polar Life Pod(®). There was a significant difference between conditions (F2,26=13.564, p=0.001, ES=0.511, 1-β=0.969). There was a significant difference in cooling rate among The Polar Life Pod(®) and CWI (p = 0.006), and no significant difference among The Polar Life Pod(®) and Ice Sheets (p = 0.103). There was a significant difference of time to cool among the three conditions F2,26 = 13.564, p = 0.001, ES = 0.401, 1-β = 0.950. Our results support multiple organizations that deem CWI as the only acceptable treatment, when compared to the cooling rates of The Polar Life Pod(®) and ice sheets.

  7. Facilitating reintegration for military service personnel, veterans, and their families: An introduction to the special issue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elnitsky, Christine A; Kilmer, Ryan P

    2017-01-01

    As service members return from active duty and, in some cases, exit the military, they face a process of reintegration (also referred to as community reintegration) as they seek to resume participation in their life roles as civilians. Facilitating this dynamic process of reintegration for service members, veterans, and their families-including outlining potential strategies for supporting this return to civilian life and its demands, roles, and responsibilities-is the focus of this Special Issue. Reintegration has been framed as a national priority (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2015) and has been a point of emphasis of efforts at federal, state, and local levels. As the articles in this issue suggest, multiple public, private, and voluntary systems and the communities to which service members, veterans, and their families return can help influence their health outcomes and, ultimately, their reintegration. (PsycINFO Database Record

  8. Incidence of acute mountain sickness in UK Military Personnel on Mount Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazlerigg, Antonia; Woods, D R; Mellor, A J

    2016-12-01

    Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a common problem of trekkers to high altitude. The UK military train at high altitude through adventurous training (AT) or as exercising troops. The ascent of Point Lenana at 4985 m on Mount Kenya is frequently attempted on AT. This study sought to establish the incidence of AMS within this population, to aid future planning for military activities at altitude. A voluntary questionnaire was distributed to all British Army Training Unit Kenya based expeditions attempting to ascend Mount Kenya during the period from February to April 2014. The questionnaire included twice daily Lake Louise and Borg (perceived exertion scale) self-scoring. All expeditions were planned around a 5-day schedule, which included reserve time for acclimatisation, illness and inclement weather. Data were collected on 47 participants, 70% of whom reached the summit of Point Lenana. 62% (29/47) self-reported AMS (defined as Lake Louise score (LLS) ≥3) on at least one occasion during the ascent, and 34% (10/29) suffered severe AMS (LLS ≥6). Those who attempted the climb within 2 weeks of arrival in Kenya had a higher incidence of AMS (12/15 (80%) vs 17/32 (53%), p=0.077). Participants recording a high Borg score were significantly more likely to develop AMS (16/18 vs 9/21, p=0.003). This represents the first informative dataset for Mount Kenya ascents and altitude. The incidence of AMS during AT on Mount Kenya using this ascent profile is high. Adapting the current ascent profile, planning the ascent after time in country and reducing perceived exertion during the trek may reduce the incidence of AMS. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  9. Hook plate fixation for acute acromioclavicular dislocations without coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction: a functional outcome study in military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Narinder; Sharma, Vyom

    2015-08-01

    The aim of our study was to evaluate the shoulder function after clavicular hook plate fixation of acute acromioclavicular dislocations (Rockwood type III) in a population group consisting exclusively of high-demand military personnel. This prospective study was carried out at a tertiary care military orthopaedic centre during 2012-2013 using clavicular hook plate for management of acromioclavicular injuries without coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction in 33 patients. All patients underwent routine implant removal after 16 weeks. The functional outcome was assessed at 3, 6 and 12 months after hook plate removal and 2 years from the initial surgery using the Constant Murley and UCLA Scores. All the patients were male serving soldiers and had sustained acromioclavicular joint dislocation (Rockwood type III). Mean age of the patient group was 34.24 years (21-55 years). The mean follow-up period in this study was 23.5 months (20-26 months) after hook plate fixation and an average of 19.9 months (17-22 months) after hook plate removal. The average Constant Score at 3 months after hook plate removal was 60.3 as compared to 83.7 and 90.3 at 6 months and 1 year, respectively, and an average of 91.8 at the last follow-up that was approximately 2 years after initial surgery which was statistically significant (p value acromioclavicular dislocations producing excellent medium-term functional results in high-demand soldiers.

  10. Operational Cost Analysis of Dental Emergencies for Deployed U.S. Army Personnel During Operation Iraqi Freedom

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    Dollar Cost) DE Operational Costs, also called Total Dollar Cost ( TDC ), is defined as all measureable dollar ~osts, both fixed and variable, that are...hourly rates of a typical deployed soldier were $42.28 and $43.26, respectively. The following formula was used to calculate TDC of DEs for this...study: TDC = Fixed Dollar Cost (Treatment) + Variable Dollar Cost (Time). RESULTS We determined that 11,642 soldiers were seen for DEs between July 1

  11. Evaluating a prototype device designed to alleviate night vision goggle induced neck strain among military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dibblee, Jenna; Worthy, Portia; Farrell, Philip; Hetzler, Markus; Reid, Susan; Stevenson, Joan; Fischer, Steven

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was verify the design of a novel Helmet System Support Device (HSSD) that can be used by military aircrew to help intervene on and reduce the high prevalence of neck trouble. Twelve healthy participants repeated simulated helicopter aircrew tasks on 3 separate days. On each day they wore a different helmet configuration, where measures of performance, perceived demand/preference and muscular demand were recorded. The results showed that vigilance tasks were performed over 10% faster with the HSSD configuration compared to wearing the normal helmet configuration. Participants were able to maintain static (endurance) postures for 28% longer, and use of the HSSD helped to prevent neck muscle fatigue in the most demanding task. The results of this design verification study indicate that the HSSD may be a realistic, feasible near-term solution to intervene on the high prevalence of neck trouble among rotary-wing aircrew. Practitioner Summary: This paper verifies the effectiveness of the Helmet System Support Device (HSSD) as an on-body personal protective device to help control exposures associated with aircrew neck trouble. The HSSD reduced perceived demand, reduced cumulative muscle activity in select muscles and provided improved fatigue resistance, meeting its desired design objectives.

  12. Influence of educational status and other variables on human immunodeficiency virus risk perception among military personnel: a large cohort finding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Essien, E James; Ogungbade, Gbadebo O; Ward, Doriel; Ekong, Ernest; Ross, Michael W; Meshack, Angela; Holmes, Laurens

    2007-11-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk perception remains an effective determinant of HIV transmission. Although higher educational attainment has been associated with increased HIV risk perception, this predictor remains to be assessed among Nigerian military personnel (NMP). In a prospective cohort of 2,213 NMP, the effects of education and other factors on HIV risk perception were assessed at baseline by using the X2 statistic and unconditional logistic regression. There was an inverse correlation between higher educational attainment and HIV risk perception in the univariate model (prevalence odds ratio, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.52-0.79). This association persisted after adjustment for relevant covariates in the multivariate model (prevalence odds ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.56-0.88). Similarly, there was a direct correlation between use of alcohol and marijuana and HIV risk perception (p 0.05). This study indicates an inverse correlation between educational attainment and HIV risk perception, as well as a direct correlation between alcohol and marijuana use and HIV risk perception, among NMP. Therefore, HIV prevention interventions targeted at NMP need to include multiple factors that may affect risk perception regardless of the educational status of the participants.

  13. Cancer risk and all-cause mortality among Norwegian military United Nations peacekeepers deployed to Kosovo between 1999 and 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strand, Leif Aage; Martinsen, Jan Ivar; Borud, Einar Kristian

    2014-08-01

    Media reports of leukaemia and other cancers among European United Nations (UN) peacekeepers who served in the Balkans, and a scientific finding of excess Hodgkin lymphoma among Italian UN peacekeepers who served in Bosnia, suggested a link between cancer incidence and depleted uranium (DU) exposure. This spurred several studies on cancer risk among UN peacekeepers who served in the Balkans. Although these studies turned out to be negative, the debate about possible cancers and other health risks caused by DU exposure continues. The aim of the present study was to investigate cancer incidence and all-cause mortality in a cohort of 6076 (4.4% women) Norwegian military UN peacekeepers deployed to Kosovo between 1999 and 2011. The cohort was followed for cancer incidence and mortality from 1999 to 2011. Standardised incidence ratios for cancer (SIR) and mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated from national rates. Sixty-nine cancer cases and 38 deaths were observed during follow-up. Cancer incidence in the cohort was similar to that in the general Norwegian population. No cancers in the overall cohort significantly exceeded incidence rates in the general Norwegian population, but there was an elevated SIR for melanoma of skin in men of 1.90 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.95-3.40). A fivefold increased incidence of bladder cancer was observed among men who served in Kosovo for ≥ 1 year, based on 2 excess cases (SIR=5.27; 95% CI 1.09-15.4). All-cause mortality was half the expected rate (SMR=0.49; 95% CI 0.35-0.67). Our study did not support the suggestion that UN peacekeeping service in Kosovo is associated with increased cancer risk. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Upper-Bound Radiation Dose Assessment for Military Personnel at McMurdo Station, Antarctica, between 1962 and 1979, Revision 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-29

    existing methods used to evaluate the probability of radiation exposure at McMurdo Station causing an existing cancer (probability of causation) in...estimate upper-bound radiation doses for McMurdo Station military support personnel that includes an evaluation of potential exposures while working...Furthermore, the potential health effects due to radiation exposures at the McMurdo Station were evaluated . It is important to note that the present dose

  15. Validation of a Tablet Application for Assessing Dietary Intakes Compared with the Measured Food Intake/Food Waste Method in Military Personnel Consuming Field Rations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mavra Ahmed

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The collection of accurate dietary intakes using traditional dietary assessment methods (e.g., food records from military personnel is challenging due to the demanding physiological and psychological conditions of training or operations. In addition, these methods are burdensome, time consuming, and prone to measurement errors. Adopting smart-phone/tablet technology could overcome some of these barriers. The objective was to assess the validity of a tablet app, modified to contain detailed nutritional composition data, in comparison to a measured food intake/waste method. A sample of Canadian Armed Forces personnel, randomized to either a tablet app (n = 9 or a weighed food record (wFR (n = 9, recorded the consumption of standard military rations for a total of 8 days. Compared to the gold standard measured food intake/waste method, the difference in mean energy intake was small (−73 kcal/day for tablet app and −108 kcal/day for wFR (p > 0.05. Repeated Measures Bland-Altman plots indicated good agreement for both methods (tablet app and wFR with the measured food intake/waste method. These findings demonstrate that the tablet app, with added nutritional composition data, is comparable to the traditional dietary assessment method (wFR and performs satisfactorily in relation to the measured food intake/waste method to assess energy, macronutrient, and selected micronutrient intakes in a sample of military personnel.

  16. Validation of a Tablet Application for Assessing Dietary Intakes Compared with the Measured Food Intake/Food Waste Method in Military Personnel Consuming Field Rations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Mavra; Mandic, Iva; Lou, Wendy; Goodman, Len; Jacobs, Ira; L’Abbé, Mary R.

    2017-01-01

    The collection of accurate dietary intakes using traditional dietary assessment methods (e.g., food records) from military personnel is challenging due to the demanding physiological and psychological conditions of training or operations. In addition, these methods are burdensome, time consuming, and prone to measurement errors. Adopting smart-phone/tablet technology could overcome some of these barriers. The objective was to assess the validity of a tablet app, modified to contain detailed nutritional composition data, in comparison to a measured food intake/waste method. A sample of Canadian Armed Forces personnel, randomized to either a tablet app (n = 9) or a weighed food record (wFR) (n = 9), recorded the consumption of standard military rations for a total of 8 days. Compared to the gold standard measured food intake/waste method, the difference in mean energy intake was small (−73 kcal/day for tablet app and −108 kcal/day for wFR) (p > 0.05). Repeated Measures Bland-Altman plots indicated good agreement for both methods (tablet app and wFR) with the measured food intake/waste method. These findings demonstrate that the tablet app, with added nutritional composition data, is comparable to the traditional dietary assessment method (wFR) and performs satisfactorily in relation to the measured food intake/waste method to assess energy, macronutrient, and selected micronutrient intakes in a sample of military personnel. PMID:28264428

  17. Seroprevalence for Coxiella burnetii, Francisella tularensis, Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis in Austrian adults: a cross-sectional survey among military personnel and civilians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobudic, Selma; Nedomansky, Klara; Poeppl, Wolfgang; Müller, Maria; Faas, Angelus; Mooseder, Gerhard; Allerberger, Franz; Stanek, Gerold; Burgmann, Heinz

    2014-04-01

    The prevalence of Coxiella burnetii, Francisella tularensis, Brucella abortus, and Brucella melitensis infections in Austria and the exposure risk of military personnel were assessed in an exploratory nationwide cross-sectional seroprevalence survey in 526 healthy adult individuals, 222 of which were soldiers and 304 were civilians. Screening for IgA/IgG antibodies to C. burnetii (Phase I) and IgG/IgM antibodies to C. burnetii (Phase II), and to F. tularensis was done with commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. To detect antibodies against B. abortus and B. melitensis, an in-house complement fixation test was used. Overall, 11 individuals (2.0%) showed antibodies to C. burnetii, 3 individuals (0.5%) were seropositive for F. tularensis, and one (0.3%) individual was borderline positive. All individuals positive or borderline for F. tularensis tested negative for antibodies against C. burnetii. All individuals tested negative for antibodies against B. melitensis/B. abortus. There were no significant differences between the seroprevalence of C. burnetii and F. tularensis among military personnel and civilians. Our data demonstrate serological evidence of a low rate of exposure to C. burnetii and F. tularensis among the Austrian adult population and military personnel.

  18. Validation of a Tablet Application for Assessing Dietary Intakes Compared with the Measured Food Intake/Food Waste Method in Military Personnel Consuming Field Rations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Mavra; Mandic, Iva; Lou, Wendy; Goodman, Len; Jacobs, Ira; L'Abbé, Mary R

    2017-02-27

    The collection of accurate dietary intakes using traditional dietary assessment methods (e.g., food records) from military personnel is challenging due to the demanding physiological and psychological conditions of training or operations. In addition, these methods are burdensome, time consuming, and prone to measurement errors. Adopting smart-phone/tablet technology could overcome some of these barriers. The objective was to assess the validity of a tablet app, modified to contain detailed nutritional composition data, in comparison to a measured food intake/waste method. A sample of Canadian Armed Forces personnel, randomized to either a tablet app (n = 9) or a weighed food record (wFR) (n = 9), recorded the consumption of standard military rations for a total of 8 days. Compared to the gold standard measured food intake/waste method, the difference in mean energy intake was small (-73 kcal/day for tablet app and -108 kcal/day for wFR) (p > 0.05). Repeated Measures Bland-Altman plots indicated good agreement for both methods (tablet app and wFR) with the measured food intake/waste method. These findings demonstrate that the tablet app, with added nutritional composition data, is comparable to the traditional dietary assessment method (wFR) and performs satisfactorily in relation to the measured food intake/waste method to assess energy, macronutrient, and selected micronutrient intakes in a sample of military personnel.

  19. The Measurement of Morale among Belgian Military Personnel Deployed in Crisis Response Operations: A Longitudinal Survey Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    theoretical puzzle to an empirical illustration – An Israeli example. Journal of Applied Social Psychology , 16, 549-564. Gal, R. & Manning, F. J. (1987...Morale and its components: A cross-national comparison. Journal of Applied Social Psychology , 17, 369-391. Manning, F. J. (1991). Morale

  20. Auricular Therapy for Treatment of Musculoskeletal Pain in the Setting of Deployed Military Personnel: A Randomized Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    opportunities or there is nothing significant to report during this reporting period, state “ Nothing to Report.” Describe opportunities for training and...there is nothing significant to report during this reporting period, state “ Nothing to Report.” Describe how the results were disseminated to...research nurse support, would not be feasible. Nothing to Report 5 What do you plan to do during the next reporting period to accomplish the goals

  1. Bodybuilding, Energy, and Weight-Loss Supplements are Associated with Deployment and Physical Activity in U.S. Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    Berl). 2002;164:250–261. 7. Lieberman HR, Falco CM, Slade SS. Carbohydrate administration during a day of sustained aerobic activity improves...and risk behaviors associated with combined alcohol and energy drink consumption in college drinkers. Addict Behav. 2011;36:1133–1140. 38. Marczinski CA

  2. Prospective Assessment of Neurocognition in Future Gulf-Deployed and Gulf-Nondeployed Military Personnel: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-01

    processing and PTSD: A review of the empirical literature. Clinical Psychology Review , 2000. 28(8): p. 1041-1065. 7. McNally, R.J., Cognitive...to cognitive abnormality in posttraumatic stress disorder. Clinical Psychology Review , 1998. 18(8): p. 971-982. 12. Meesters, C., et al

  3. An outbreak of scrub typhus in military personnel despite protocols for antibiotic prophylaxis: doxycycline resistance excluded by a quantitative PCR-based susceptibility assay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Patrick N A; Oltvolgyi, Csongor; Islam, Aminul; Hussain-Yusuf, Hazizul; Loewenthal, Mark R; Vincent, Gemma; Stenos, John; Graves, Stephen

    2016-06-01

    Scrub typhus is caused by the obligate intracellular bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi and is endemic to many countries in the Asia-Pacific region, including tropical Australia. We describe a recent large outbreak amongst military personnel in north Queensland. A total of 45 clinical cases were identified (36% of all potentially exposed individuals). This occurred despite existing military protocols stipulating the provision of doxycycline prophylaxis. Doxycycline resistance in O. tsutsugamushi has been described in South-East Asia, but not Australia. In one case, O. tsutsugamushi was cultured from eschar tissue and blood. Using quantitative real-time PCR to determine susceptibility to doxycycline for the outbreak strain, a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of ≤0.04 μg/mL was found, indicating susceptibility to this agent. It seems most probable that failure to adhere to adequate prophylaxis over the duration of the military exercise accounted for the large number of cases encountered rather than doxycycline resistance.

  4. Chapter 5 mantram repetition: an evidence-based complementary practice for military personnel and veterans in the 21st century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bormann, Jill E; Weinrich, Sally; Allard, Carolyn B; Beck, Danielle; Johnson, Brian D; Holt, Lindsay Cosco

    2014-01-01

    Today in the digital age, with our advances in modern technology and communication, there are additional stressors for our military personnel and Veterans. Constant dangers exist both on and off the battlefield, unlike prior wars that had clearly-defined war zones. In addition, medical advances have assisted in saving the lives of many more gravely injured troops than ever previously possible. As the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan come to an end, large numbers of service men and women are returning home with multiple injuries. This group of Veterans has significantly higher rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury than ever before reported. Although existing PTSD therapies have been found to be highly effective for many Veterans, there is a substantial minority unsatisfactorily treated. Mantram repetition, an innovative, complementary, evidence-based treatment, is proving to be successful for these new Veterans. When used regularly it helps with "road rage, impatience, anger, frustration, and being out of control." A mantram is a brief, sacred word or phrase that embodies divine power or the greatest positive energy one can imagine (Easwaran, 2008a). Mantram repetition is a simple, quick, personal, portable, and private complementary practice that may be used as an adjunct to current treatments for PTSD. Growing research evidence supports mantram repetition's value for dissemination and adoption in the 21st century. This chapter summarizes Mantram Program research conducted from 2003 to 2014. It describes the health-related benefits of the Mantram Program in various populations. The current research focuses on benefits for managing psychological distress and promoting quality of life in Veterans. Future areas for research are suggested.

  5. A clinical diagnostic model for predicting influenza among young adult military personnel with febrile respiratory illness in Singapore.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vernon J Lee

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Influenza infections present with wide-ranging clinical features. We aim to compare the differences in presentation between influenza and non-influenza cases among those with febrile respiratory illness (FRI to determine predictors of influenza infection. METHODS: Personnel with FRI (defined as fever ≥ 37.5 °C, with cough or sore throat were recruited from the sentinel surveillance system in the Singapore military. Nasal washes were collected, and tested using the Resplex II and additional PCR assays for etiological determination. Interviewer-administered questionnaires collected information on patient demographics and clinical features. Univariate comparison of the various parameters was conducted, with statistically significant parameters entered into a multivariate logistic regression model. The final multivariate model for influenza versus non-influenza cases was used to build a predictive probability clinical diagnostic model. RESULTS: 821 out of 2858 subjects recruited from 11 May 2009 to 25 Jun 2010 had influenza, of which 434 (52.9% had 2009 influenza A (H1N1, 58 (7.1% seasonal influenza A (H3N2 and 269 (32.8% influenza B. Influenza-positive cases were significantly more likely to present with running nose, chills and rigors, ocular symptoms and higher temperature, and less likely with sore throat, photophobia, injected pharynx, and nausea/vomiting. Our clinical diagnostic model had a sensitivity of 65% (95% CI: 58%, 72%, specificity of 69% (95% CI: 62%, 75%, and overall accuracy of 68% (95% CI: 64%, 71%, performing significantly better than conventional influenza-like illness (ILI criteria. CONCLUSIONS: Use of a clinical diagnostic model may help predict influenza better than the conventional ILI definition among young adults with FRI.

  6. Factors influencing injury severity score regarding Thai military personnel injured in mass casualty incident April 10, 2010: lessons learned from armed conflict casualties: a retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boonthep Nuttapong

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Political conflicts in Bangkok, Thailand have caused mass casualties, especially the latest event April 10, 2010, in which many military personnel were injured. Most of them were transferred to Phramongkutklao Hospital, the largest military hospital in Thailand. The current study aimed to assess factors influencing Injury Severity Score (ISS regarding Thai military personnel injured in the mass casualty incident (MCI April 10, 2010. Methods A total of 728 injured soldiers transferred to Phramongkutklao Hospital were reviewed. Descriptive statistics was used to display characteristics of the injuries, relationship between mechanism of injury and injured body regions. Multiple logistic regressions were used to calculate the adjusted odds ratio (adjusted OR of ISS comparing injured body region categories. Results In all, 153 subjects defined as major data category were enrolled in this study. Blast injury was the most common mechanism of injury (90.2%. These victims displayed 276 injured body regions. The most common injured body region was the extremities (48.5%. A total of 18 patients (11.7% had an ISS revealing more than 16 points. Three victims who died were expected to die due to high Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS. However, one with high TRISS survived. Factors influencing ISS were age (p = 0.04, abdomen injury (adjusted OR = 29.9; 95% CI, 5.8-153.5; P P P Conclusions Blast injury was the most common mechanism of injury among Thai military personnel injured in the MCI April 10, 2010. Age and injured body region such as head & neck, chest and abdomen significantly influenced ISS. These factors should be investigated for effective medical treatment and preparing protective equipment to prevent such injuries in the future.

  7. Can mental health and readjustment be improved in UK military personnel by a brief period of structured postdeployment rest (third location decompression)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Norman; Jones, Margaret; Fear, Nicola T; Fertout, Mohammed; Wessely, Simon; Greenberg, Neil

    2013-07-01

    Third Location Decompression (TLD) is an activity undertaken by UK Armed Forces (UK AF) personnel at the end of an operational deployment which aims to smooth the transition between operations and returning home. We assessed whether TLD impacted upon both mental health and postdeployment readjustment. Data collected during a large cohort study was examined to identify personnel who either engaged in TLD or returned home directly following deployment. Propensity scores were generated and used to calculate inverse probability of treatment weights in adjusted regression analyses to compare mental health outcomes and postdeployment readjustment problems. TLD had a positive impact upon mental health outcomes (post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and multiple physical symptoms) and levels of harmful alcohol use. However, when the samples were stratified by combat exposure, although postdeployment readjustment was similar for all exposure levels, personnel experiencing low and moderate levels of combat exposure experienced the greatest positive mental health effects. We found no evidence to suggest that TLD promotes better postdeployment readjustment; however, we found a positive impact upon alcohol use and mental health with an interaction with degree of combat exposure. This study suggests that TLD is a useful postdeployment transitional activity that may help to improve PTSD symptoms and alcohol use in UK AF personnel.

  8. A Virtual Reality avatar interaction (VRai) platform to assess residual executive dysfunction in active military personnel with previous mild traumatic brain injury: proof of concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robitaille, Nicolas; Jackson, Philip L; Hébert, Luc J; Mercier, Catherine; Bouyer, Laurent J; Fecteau, Shirley; Richards, Carol L; McFadyen, Bradford J

    2017-10-01

    This proof of concept study tested the ability of a dual task walking protocol using a recently developed avatar-based virtual reality (VR) platform to detect differences between military personnel post mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and healthy controls. The VR platform coordinated motion capture, an interaction and rendering system, and a projection system to present first (participant-controlled) and third person avatars within the context of a specific military patrol scene. A divided attention task was also added. A healthy control group was compared to a group with previous mTBI (both groups comprised of six military personnel) and a repeated measures ANOVA tested for differences between conditions and groups based on recognition errors, walking speed and fluidity and obstacle clearance. The VR platform was well tolerated by both groups. Walking fluidity was degraded for the control group within the more complex navigational dual tasking involving avatars, and appeared greatest in the dual tasking with the interacting avatar. This navigational behaviour was not seen in the mTBI group. The present findings show proof of concept for using avatars, particularly more interactive avatars, to expose differences in executive functioning when applying context-specific protocols (here for the military). Implications for rehabilitation Virtual reality provides a means to control context-specific factors for assessment and intervention. Adding human interaction and agency through avatars increases the ecologic nature of the virtual environment. Avatars in the present application of the Virtual Reality avatar interaction platform appear to provide a better ability to reveal differences between trained, military personal with and without mTBI.

  9. Reservists in a postconflict zone: deployment stressors and the deployment experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orme, Geoffrey J; Kehoe, E James

    2014-02-01

    In postconflict zones, both aid and military personnel face chronic stress, including boredom, isolation, family separation, and difficult living conditions, plus the intra-organizational and interpersonal frictions found in all work settings. Australian Army reservists (N = 350) were surveyed during and after peacekeeping in the Solomon Islands. Most respondents reported having a positive experience (66%) and fewer reported their experience was neutral (16%) or negative (17%). The stressors reported by reservists predominately emanated from work-related sources rather than from separation or the operational environment. The discussion considers leadership factors, especially the role of organizational justice in deployed organizations, that may influence the deployment experience.

  10. Military Personnel Medical Expense Audit System Application Experience%军队人员医疗费用审核管理信息系统应用体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单磊敬; 董桂存; 李伯祥; 王恩伟

    2013-01-01

    介绍了军队人员医疗费用审核管理信息系统的工作流程,归纳了系统的优势特点及其发挥的保障效能,总结了系统推广应用的现实意义.军队人员医疗费用审核管理信息系统的广泛应用为规范军队人员诊疗提供了先进的管理手段,建立了有效的约束机制,调动了医务人员的积极性和自觉性,强化了军队医院“姓军为兵”的服务宗旨,有效提高了军队医疗机构的服务保障能力.%The work flow of the military personnel medical expense audit management information system is introduced,along with its advantages,performances and significances.The system enhances the medical affairs management of military personnel,and stimulates the activity of the medical staff by establishing efficient mechanism,then the service ability of the military medical facility is improved greatly.

  11. PFGE, Lior serotype, and antimicrobial resistance patterns among Campylobacter jejuni isolated from travelers and US military personnel with acute diarrhea in Thailand, 1998-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serichantalergs Oralak

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Campylobacter jejuni is a major cause of gastroenteritis worldwide. In Thailand, several strains of C. jejuni have been isolated and identified as major diarrheal pathogens among adult travelers. To study the epidemiology of C. jejuni in adult travelers and U.S. military personnel with acute diarrhea in Thailand from 1998-2003, strains of C. jejuni were isolated and phenotypically identified, serotyped, tested for antimicrobial susceptibility, and characterized using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE. Results A total of 312 C. jejuni isolates were obtained from travelers (n = 46 and U.S. military personnel (n = 266 in Thailand who were experiencing acute diarrhea. Nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin resistance was observed in 94.9% and 93.0% of the isolates, respectively. From 2001-2003, resistance to tetracycline (81.9%, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (57.9%, ampicillin (28.9%, kanamycin (5.9%, sulfisoxazole (3.9%, neomycin (2.0%, and streptomycin (0.7% was observed. Combined PFGE analysis showed considerable genetic diversity among the C. jejuni isolates; however, four PFGE clusters included isolates from the major Lior serotypes (HL: 36, HL: 11, HL: 5, and HL: 28. The PFGE analysis linked individual C. jejuni clones that were obtained at U.S. military exercises with specific antimicrobial resistance patterns. Conclusions In summary, most human C. jejuni isolates from Thailand were multi-resistant to quinolones and tetracycline. PFGE detected spatial and temporal C. jejuni clonality responsible for the common sources of Campylobacter gastroenteritis.

  12. Military Personnel Law Deskbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-08-01

    donate blood, organs, tissue or semen ; f. To always use condoms (except with a spouse who is fully informed of the Soldier’s condition). g. All...satisfy the requirements. Soldiers (and cadets) receiving "advanced education assistance" must enter into written agreements providing for pro rata ...service. The same standard applies to pro rata recoupment of enlisted bonuses when the enlisted Soldier is separated prior to the end of the agreed

  13. Do Military Personnel Patent

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    of its PCAS technology, which allows a Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) to call in air strikes using a specially configured Android tablet...rankings.aspx McGarry, B. (2015, September 18). JTAC calls in A-10 airstrike with android tablet. Retrieved from http://www.defensetech.org/2015/09/18/jtac...calls-in- a-10-airstrike-with- android -tablet/ 66 Moser, P. (2013). Patents and innovation: evidence from economic history. Journal of Economic

  14. African military forces participation in peace operations: what evolutions?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandrup, Thomas

    complex. PSO’s is the one department in the UN system that takes up the largest portion of combined UN budget in 2015 with a cost of nearly $9bn. In 2016 the UN have deployed more than 100.000 personnel, both military and police, distributed on 16 missions. Whilst most of the budget is spent on PSO...

  15. Sexual Harassment and Assault as Predictors of PTSD Symptomatology among U.S. Female Persian Gulf Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfe, Jessica; Sharkansky, Erica J.; Read, Jennifer P.; Dawson, Ree; Ouimette, Paige Crosby; Martin, James A.

    1998-01-01

    Examines sexual harassment and assault of women in a wartime military example. Explores the impacts of these stressors and combat exposure on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology. Harassment and assault were higher than in civilian and peacetime military samples. The number of postwar stressful life events mediated the relationship…

  16. SKA2 Methylation is Involved in Cortisol Stress Reactivity and Predicts the Development of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) After Military Deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boks, Marco P; Rutten, Bart P F; Geuze, Elbert; Houtepen, Lotte C; Vermetten, Eric; Kaminsky, Zachary; Vinkers, Christiaan H

    2016-04-01

    Genomic variation in the SKA2 gene has recently been identified as a promising suicide biomarker. In light of its role in glucocorticoid receptor transactivation, we investigated whether SKA2 DNA methylation influences cortisol stress reactivity and is involved in the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Increased SKA2 methylation was significantly associated with lower cortisol stress reactivity in 85 healthy individuals exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test (B=-173.40, t=-2.324, p-value=0.023). Next, we observed that longitudinal decreases in SKA2 methylation after deployment were associated with the emergence of post-deployment PTSD symptoms in a Dutch military cohort (N=93; B=-0.054, t=-3.706, p-value=3.66 × 10(-4)). In contrast, exposure to traumatic stress during deployment by itself resulted in longitudinal increases in SKA2 methylation (B=0.037, t=4.173, p-value=6.98 × 10(-5)). Using pre-deployment SKA2 methylation levels and childhood trauma exposure, we found that the previously published suicide prediction rule significantly predicted post-deployment PTSD symptoms (AUC=0.66, 95% CI: 0.53-0.79) with an optimal sensitivity of 0.81 and specificity of 0.91. Permutation analysis using random methylation loci supported these findings. Together, these data establish the importance of SKA2 for cortisol stress responsivity and the development of PTSD and provide further evidence that SKA2 is a promising biomarker for stress-related disorders including PTSD.

  17. Suicide risk among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender military personnel and veterans: what does the literature tell us?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matarazzo, Bridget B; Barnes, Sean M; Pease, James L; Russell, Leah M; Hanson, Jetta E; Soberay, Kelly A; Gutierrez, Peter M

    2014-04-01

    Research suggests that both the military and veteran and the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations may be at increased risk for suicide. A literature review was conducted to identify research related to suicide risk in the LGBT military and veteran populations. Despite the paucity of research directly addressing this issue, themes are discussed evident in the literature on LGBT identity and suicide risk as well as LGBT military service members and veterans. Factors such as social support and victimization appear to be particularly relevant. Suggestions are made with respect to future research that is needed on this very important and timely topic.

  18. Attitudes and its related factors of Chinese military personnel toward homosexual in the military%中国军人对同性恋者在军队中服役的态度及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张毅力; 程祺; 过伟; 阎同军; 毕银花; 王焕林

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨中国军人对同性恋者在军队中服役的态度及其影响因素.方法 采用军人对军队中的同性恋者的态度量表(ATHM)(中文版)对1362名军人进行调查.结果 中国军人对同性恋者在军队中服役总体上持轻度否定态度[ATHM总均分为(29.28±6.59)分].ATHM的总分与婚姻状况呈负相关(r=-0.067,P<0.05),与年龄、是否独生子女、民族、入伍前居住地、受教育程度、军龄和职别均无相关(r=-0.01,0.002,-0.035,-0.041,-0.015,-0.041,-0.039,P>0.05).进一步的多元回归分析发现,婚姻状况对中国军人对同性恋者在军队中服役的态度有一定的预测力.结论 中国军人对同性恋者在军队中服役持轻度的否定态度,主要是由于被威胁感、与之相处的不适感决定的.军人的婚姻状况是中国军人对同性恋者在军队中服役态度的影响因素.%Objective To assess attitudes and its related factors of Chinese military personnel on homosexual served in the military.Methods 1362 enlisted military personnel,selected from land force by cluster sampiing,were interviewed by Military Personnel's Attitudes Toward Homosexuals in the Military Scale(ATHM).Results The attitudes of the present sample toward homosexual served in the military were found to be negative(the total score on the ATHM scale was (29.28 ± 6.59).The threat dimension made the biggest contribution to the negative attitude,followed by the comfort dimension.Marital status was negatively related to the total scores of ATHM (r =-0.067,P < 0.05),and other demographic variables such as age,only child,nationality,childhood environment,education level,years of service,and military rank were not associated with attitudes toward homosexuals in the military (r =-0.01,0.002,-0.035,-0.041,-0.015,-0.041,-0.039,P > 0.05).Further multiple linear regression analysis found that marital status was one of the attitudes' predictors.Conclusion Because of the threat and discomfort

  19. 'A band of brothers'-an exploration of the range of medical ethical issues faced by British senior military clinicians on deployment to Afghanistan: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernthal, Elizabeth M; Draper, H J A; Henning, J; Kelly, J C

    2017-06-01

    To identify and explore features of ethical issues that senior clinicians faced as deployed medical directors (DMDs) to the British Field Hospital in Afghanistan as well as to determine the ethical training requirements for future deployments. A qualitative study in two phases conducted from November 2014 to June 2015. Phase 1 analysed 60 vignettes of cases that had generated ethical dilemmas for DMDs. Phase 2 included focus groups and an interview with 13 DMDs. Phase 1 identified working with limited resources, dual conflict of meeting both clinical and military obligations and consent of children as the most prevalent ethical challenges. Themes found in Phase 2 included sharing clinical responsibilities with clinicians from other countries and not knowing team members' ways of working, in addition to the themes from Phase 1. This study has drawn together examples of scenarios to form a repository that will aid future training. Recommendations included undertaking ethics training together as a team before, during and after deployment which must include all nationalities who are assigned to the same operational tour, so that different ethical views can be explored beforehand. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  20. Consortium for Health and Military Performance and American College of Sports Medicine consensus paper on extreme conditioning programs in military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergeron, Michael F; Nindl, Bradley C; Deuster, Patricia A; Baumgartner, Neal; Kane, Shawn F; Kraemer, William J; Sexauer, Lisa R; Thompson, Walter R; O'Connor, Francis G

    2011-01-01

    A potential emerging problem associated with increasingly popularized extreme conditioning programs (ECPs) has been identified by the military and civilian communities. That is, there is an apparent disproportionate musculoskeletal injury risk from these demanding programs, particularly for novice participants, resulting in lost duty time, medical treatment, and extensive rehabilitation. This is a significant and costly concern for the military with regard to effectively maintaining operational readiness of the Force. While there are certain recognized positive aspects of ECPs that address a perceived and/or actual unfulfilled conditioning need for many individuals and military units, these programs have limitations and should be considered carefully. Moreover, certain distinctive characteristics of ECPs appear to violate recognized accepted standards for safely and appropriately developing muscular fitness and are not uniformly aligned with established and accepted training doctrine. Accordingly, practical solutions to improve ECP prescription and implementation and reduce injury risk are of paramount importance.

  1. Relationship between the findings of pure-tone audiometry and otoacoustic emission tests on military police personnel

    OpenAIRE

    Guida, Heraldo Lorena; De Sousa, Ariane Laís [UNESP; Cardoso,Ana Cláudia Vieira

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Otoacoustic emissions can be an alternative for cochlear evaluation in noise induced hearing loss (NIHL). Objective: To investigate the correlation between the findings of audiometry results and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) in the military police. Method: from cross-sectional and retrospective study, 200 military police officers were submitted to audiological evaluation - pure tone audiometry and DPOAE. Results: considering the provisions of Ordinance 19 of t...

  2. 军事飞行人员佩戴视力矫正镜研究进展%Research progress on military flying personnel wearing corrective spectacles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王善祥; 强东昌; 张雁歌

    2010-01-01

    目的 综述军事飞行人员佩戴视力矫正镜飞行的研究进展.资料来源与选择该领域的相关研究论文和综述.资料引用国内外公开发表的文献24篇.资料综合综合分析高空低气压、加速度、缺氧、干燥及弹射跳伞等军事航空环境因素对佩戴视力矫正镜的影响,和视力矫正镜在军事航空中的应用.结论 军事飞行人员可以根据不同的机种、职务、任务佩戴不同的视力矫正镜,我军需要尽快开展军事飞行人员佩戴视力矫正镜方面的研究.%Objective To review the research progress on the practice of wearing corrective spectacles or contact lenses in flying personnel.Literature resource and selection Research papers and reviews in this field.Literature quotation Twenty-four published papers and reviews were cited.Literature synthesis The influences on the military flying personnel with corrective spectacles or contact lenses in aviation environment (atmospheric pressure, acceleration, hypoxia,humidity, ejection, etc.) were analyzed and the application of contact lenses in military aviation medicine was evaluated.Conclusion Military aviator wearing corrective spectacles or contact lenses has a quite long history in western countries and it applies according to aircraft type, flying roles and duty.It is acceptable by flying personnel and enables them with ameliorative visual ability in aviation environment.It is suggested to expand corresponding research and practice in China for dealing with the possible decline of flying personnel's diopter.

  3. Protection of Military Personnel Against Vector-Borne Diseases: A Review of Collaborative Work of the Australian and US Military Over the Last 30 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frances, Stephen P; Edstein, Michael D; Debboun, Mustapha; Shanks, G Dennis

    2016-01-01

    Australian and US military medical services have collaborated since World War II to minimize vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, and scrub typhus. In this review, collaboration over the last 30 years is discussed. The collaborative projects and exchange scientist programs have resulted in mutually beneficial outcomes in the fields of drug development and personal protection measures against vector-borne diseases.

  4. Posttraumatic stress disorder post Iraq and Afghanistan: prevalence among military subgroups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hines, Lindsey A; Sundin, Josefin; Rona, Roberto J; Wessely, Simon; Fear, Nicola T

    2014-09-01

    A large body of research has been produced in recent years investigating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among military personnel following deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan, resulting in apparent differences in PTSD prevalence. We compare prevalence estimates for current PTSD between military subgroups, providing insight into how groups may be differentially affected by deployment. Systematic literature searches using the terms PTSD, stress disorder, and acute stress, combined with terms relating to military personnel, identified 49 relevant papers. Studies with a sample size of less than 100 and studies based on data for treatment seeking or injured populations were excluded. Studies were categorized according to theatre of deployment (Iraq or Afghanistan), combat and noncombat deployed samples, sex, enlistment type (regular or reserve and [or] National Guard), and service branch (for example, army, navy, and air force). Meta-analysis was used to assess PTSD prevalence across subgroups. There was large variability in PTSD prevalence between studies, but, regardless of heterogeneity, prevalence rates of PTSD were higher among studies of Iraq-deployed personnel (12.9%; 95% CI 11.3% to 14.4%), compared with personnel deployed to Afghanistan (7.1%; 95% CI 4.6% to 9.6%), combat deployed personnel, and personnel serving in the Canadian, US, or UK army or the navy or marines (12.4%; 95% CI 10.9% to 13.4%), compared with the other services (4.9%; 95% CI 1.4% to 8.4%). Contrary to findings from within-study comparisons, we did not find a difference in PTSD prevalence for regular active-duty and reserve or National Guard personnel. Categorizing studies according to deployment location and branch of service identified differences among subgroups that provide further support for factors underlying the development of PTSD.

  5. Peace and War: Trajectories of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder symptoms before, during, and after military deployment in Afghanistan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berntsen, Dorthe; Johannessen, Kim Berg; Thomsen, Yvonne D.;

    2012-01-01

    In the study reported here, we examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in 746 Danish soldiers measured on five occasions before, during, and after deployment to Afghanistan. Using latent class growth analysis, we identified six trajectories of change in PTSD symptoms. Two resilient......, they show that factors other than immediately preceding stressors are critical for PTSD development, with childhood adversities being central. Second, they demonstrate that the development of PTSD symptoms shows heterogeneity, which indicates the need for multiple measurements to understand PTSD...

  6. Computational Modeling of Interventions and Protective Thresholds to Prevent Disease Transmission in Deploying Populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colleen Burgess

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Military personnel are deployed abroad for missions ranging from humanitarian relief efforts to combat actions; delay or interruption in these activities due to disease transmission can cause operational disruptions, significant economic loss, and stressed or exceeded military medical resources. Deployed troops function in environments favorable to the rapid and efficient transmission of many viruses particularly when levels of protection are suboptimal. When immunity among deployed military populations is low, the risk of vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks increases, impacting troop readiness and achievement of mission objectives. However, targeted vaccination and the optimization of preexisting immunity among deployed populations can decrease the threat of outbreaks among deployed troops. Here we describe methods for the computational modeling of disease transmission to explore how preexisting immunity compares with vaccination at the time of deployment as a means of preventing outbreaks and protecting troops and mission objectives during extended military deployment actions. These methods are illustrated with five modeling case studies for separate diseases common in many parts of the world, to show different approaches required in varying epidemiological settings.

  7. Computational Modeling of Interventions and Protective Thresholds to Prevent Disease Transmission in Deploying Populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Military personnel are deployed abroad for missions ranging from humanitarian relief efforts to combat actions; delay or interruption in these activities due to disease transmission can cause operational disruptions, significant economic loss, and stressed or exceeded military medical resources. Deployed troops function in environments favorable to the rapid and efficient transmission of many viruses particularly when levels of protection are suboptimal. When immunity among deployed military populations is low, the risk of vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks increases, impacting troop readiness and achievement of mission objectives. However, targeted vaccination and the optimization of preexisting immunity among deployed populations can decrease the threat of outbreaks among deployed troops. Here we describe methods for the computational modeling of disease transmission to explore how preexisting immunity compares with vaccination at the time of deployment as a means of preventing outbreaks and protecting troops and mission objectives during extended military deployment actions. These methods are illustrated with five modeling case studies for separate diseases common in many parts of the world, to show different approaches required in varying epidemiological settings. PMID:25009579

  8. Systematic review of prognosis after mild traumatic brain injury in the military

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boyle, Eleanor; Cancelliere, Carol; Hartvigsen, Jan

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization Collaborating Centre Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) published its findings on the prognosis of MTBI in 2004. This is an update of that review with a focus on deployed military personnel. DATA SOURCES: Relevant literature published between...... SYNTHESIS: The evidence was synthesized qualitatively and presented in evidence tables. Our findings are based on 3 studies of U.S. military personnel who were deployed in Iraq or Afghanistan. We found that military personnel with MTBI report posttraumatic stress disorder and postconcussive symptoms....... In addition, reporting of postconcussive symptoms differed on the basis of levels of combat stress the individuals experienced. The evidence suggests a slight decline in neurocognitive function after MTBI, but this decline was in the normal range of brain functioning. CONCLUSIONS: We found limited evidence...

  9. Development of the group intelligence scale for military personnel ( Part B)%军人团体智力量表B式的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娟; 张理义

    2012-01-01

    目的 研制军人团体智力量表B式,并进行信效度检验.方法 以智力震荡理论及晶体智力和流体智力理论为该量表的理论框架,量表由2个分量表,每个分量表由2个分测验组成.采取整群随机抽样法,抽取1200名海陆空官兵施测,进行条目分析及信效度检验.结果 各分测验的平均难度分为0.55 (0.42 ~0.75);鉴别指数为0.44(0.33 ~0.52);总量表及分测验的重测信度为0.796 ~0.891;Cronbachs'a系数为0.619 ~0.892;分半信度为0.538 ~0.844;探索性因素分析抽取的4个因子解释总方差比例的59.067%;验证性因素分析模型拟合指标均到达可接受标准.结论 军人团体智力量表B式的条目质量及信效度符合心理测量学的要求.%Objective To develop the group intelligence scale for Military Personnel ( Part B),and examining its reliability and validity of the scale.Methods Following the intellectual shock theory,crystal and fluid intelligence theory,the group intelligence Scale for Military Personnel (Part B) had been constructed,which including two subscales,each subscale was divided into two subtests.The data was collected in 1200 military personnel who were chosen by random cluster sampling,then employing SPSS17.0 and AMOS7.0 for item analysis,reliability and validity,analysis of confirmatory factor.Results the subtests' average index of difficulty was 0.55 ( 0.42 ~0.75 ) ; Discrimination index was 0.44 (0.33 ~ 0.52) ; the test-retest reliability between subtests and total scale ranged from 0.796 to 0.891 ; Cronbachs'a coefficient ranged from 0.619 to 0.892; and the split-half reliability ranged from 0.538 to 0.844; exploratory factor analysis revealed that four factors of the scale (including normal knowledge and generalizability,insight and word explain,picture completion and figure inference) could explain 59.067% of total variance.Furthermore,analysis of confirmatory factor indicated that the four factors model established in

  10. Efeitos do ruído de impacto na audição de militares Effects of impact noise on the hearing of military personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Betes Heupa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A prática de tiro é uma atividade que expõe o policial militar ao ruído de impacto, o que pode causar efeitos irreversíveis na audição. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o conhecimento sobre o ruído e os efeitos do ruído de impacto entre policiais militares que fazem prática de tiro. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Caso controle retrospectivo. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Participaram 115 militares, sendo 65 expostos ao ruído de impacto e 50 não expostos. Foi realizada a avaliação do nível de ruído das armas de fogo, aplicado um questionário, realizada audiometria tonal limiar e teste de emissões otoacústicas transiente e produto de distorção. RESULTADOS: O nível médio de ruído foi de 125Db (C, a maioria (78% acredita que o ruído pode causar perda auditiva, 92,3% utilizam protetor auricular nas práticas de tiro, mas grande parte (32,3% nunca recebeu orientação quanto ao seu uso, o sintoma mais referido foi o zumbido (23% e 25% dos expostos apresenta perda auditiva sugestiva de induzida por ruído. Houve diferença significativa entre os grupos em relação às alterações auditivas. CONCLUSÃO: Os militares expostos ao tiro são mais suscetíveis a desenvolver perdas auditivas. Há necessidade do desenvolvimento de Programas de Preservação Auditiva nesta população.Shooting is an activity that exposes military personnel to noise impact, which may cause irreversible effects on hearing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate impact noise on the hearing of military personnel that practice shooting. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control retrospective study. METHODS: 115 military personnel were enrolled; 65 had been exposed to impact noise and 50 were non-exposed. Firearm noise levels were evaluated, subjects answered a questionnaire and underwent threshold tonal audiometry and otoacoustic emissions testing. RESULTS: The average noise level was 125dB(C. Most subjects (78% believe that noise may cause hearing loss; nearly all (92.3% used ear noise protectors while shooting, but most

  11. [Mediator effect analysis of the trait coping style on job stress and fatigue of the military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, J J; Jia, J M; Tao, N; Song, Z X; Ge, H; Jiang, Y; Tian, H; Qiu, E C; Tang, J H; Liu, J W

    2017-03-20

    Objective: To investigate the fatigue status of military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region, and to analyze the mediator effect of trait coping style on job stress and fatigue. Methods: In October 2010, with the method of cluster random sampling survey, 531 military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region were chosen as subject. The fatigue status were evaluated by the Chinese version multidimensional fatigue inventory (MFI-20) , job stress were evaluated by the Job Stress Survey (JSS) , and trait coping style were evaluated by the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) . Results: According to the information of different population characteristics, mean rank of physical fatigue about the urban (town) group were higher than that of rural group (Z=-2.200, Pmilitary officers, sergeancy and soldier group (F=18.965, Pmilitary officers, sergeancy and soldier group (F=14.711, P<0.05) . The score of negative coping style were positively correlated with the score of physical fatigue (r(s)=0.129) , reduced activity (r(s)=0.123) , reduced motivation (r(s)=0.149) and general fatigue (r(s)=0.174) respectively, the score of organizational support lack strength were positively correlated with the score of physical fatigue (r(s)=0.090) , reduced activity (r(s)=0.098) , reduced motivation (r(s)=0.099) and general fatigue (r(s)=0.130) respectively. The mediator effect of negative coping style on the job stress and fatigue was 0.013 (P<0.01) . Conclusion: The fatigue statuses of the urban (town) group and the up or equal 20-years old age group are poor, and the negative coping style plays mediator effect on the job stress and fatigue.

  12. Resilient Family Processes, Personal Reintegration, and Subjective Well-Being Outcomes for Military Personnel and Their Family Members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Malissa A; O'Neal, Catherine W; Conley, Kate M; Mancini, Jay A

    2017-06-15

    Deployment affects not just the service members, but also their family members back home. Accordingly, this study examined how resilient family processes during a deployment (i.e., frequency of communication and household management) were related to the personal reintegration of each family member (i.e., how well each family member begins to "feel like oneself again" after a deployment), as well as several indicators of subjective well-being. Drawing from the family attachment network model (Riggs & Riggs, 2011), the present study collected survey data from 273 service members, their partners, and their adolescent children. Resilient family processes during the deployment itself (i.e., frequency of communication, household management), postdeployment positive and negative personal reintegration, and several indicators of well-being were assessed. Frequency of communication was related to personal reintegration for service members, while household management was related to personal reintegration for nondeployed partners; both factors were related to personal reintegration for adolescents. Negative and positive personal reintegration related to a variety of subjective well-being outcomes for each individual family member. Interindividual (i.e., crossover) effects were also found, particularly between adolescents and nondeployed partners. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Seasonal Influenza Vaccine and Protection against Pandemic (H1N1) 2009-Associated Illness Among US Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    one prior medical encounter with a primary diagnosis of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes , chronic renal disease, cancer...severe) outcomes and warrants further investigation. Our findings further complement recent reports among civilian populations in Mexico [13,14] and among...naı̈ve children [25,26]. Similar findings have also been observed in US military populations where the influenza vaccine increased the effectiveness of

  14. Relationship between the findings of pure-tone audiometry and otoacoustic emission tests on military police personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guida, Heraldo Lorena

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Otoacoustic emissions can be an alternative for cochlear evaluation in noise induced hearing loss (NIHL. Objective: To investigate the correlation between the findings of audiometry results and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE in the military police. Method: from cross-sectional and retrospective study, 200 military police officers were submitted to audiological evaluation - pure tone audiometry and DPOAE. Results: considering the provisions of Ordinance 19 of the Labour Department, the results were suggestive of induced hearing loss by high sound pressure levels in 58 individuals, distributed as follows: 28 (48.3% bilateral cases and 30 (51.7% unilateral cases, and 15 (25.85% in each ear. The correlation between the audiometric and DPOAE showed statistical significance in most of the frequencies tested in both ears, confirming that the greater the degree of hearing loss, the smaller the DPOAE amplitudes. In addition, there was observed significant difference between the DPOAEs amplitudes of normal subjects and listeners with hearing loss, confirming the lowering of responses in the group with hearing loss. Conclusion: considering that the correlation between pure tone audiometry and DPOAE, we conclude that otoacoustic emissions can be a complementary tool for the detection and control of NIHL in military police.

  15. Treatment of mandibular third molars and pericoronitis in British military personnel: influence of guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pepper, Thomas; Konarzewski, Thomas; Grimshaw, Paul; Combes, James

    2016-12-01

    We studied the dental records of British military personnel who were less than 20 years old on enlistment, and had at least five years' service with at least five recorded dental inspections, at three military dental centres in the UK. The median (IQR) period from first to last inspection in 720 subjects was 15 (10-19) years, and the median frequency of inspection was every 14 (13-16) months. A total of 288/1250 mandibular third molars were extracted (23%). There were significant increases in the proportion of extractions stating caries in the mandibular third molar or multi-episode pericoronitis as indications (n=13, 14%, p pericoronitis by 20 (9%, p =0.02). Extractions of mandibular third molars because of caries in the adjacent second molar increased by 4 (4%, p=0.045). The median age at the time of extraction before introduction of the guidelines was 23 years compared with 25 years afterwards (p<0.001). Twenty-five of 114 (22%) extractions of mandibular third molars were in patients over the age of 30 after the introduction of guidelines compared with 1/174 (<1%) before. The introduction of the NICE guidelines on the management of third molars has significantly changed our practice. Whether or not these changes have resulted in a net benefit to patients is still a matter for debate. Copyright © 2016 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. All rights reserved.

  16. 某战区医务人员信息素养调查%Investigation of Medical Personnel's Information Literacy in a Military Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴蓉; 宋敏; 王军红; 穆少杨

    2013-01-01

    良好的信息素养能使人能够更有效地选择、查找及评估传统或网上资源。本文通过调查问卷的形式,了解某战区医务工作人员利用医学信息资源的情况,从而分析出其信息意识、信息能力的现状与存在的问题,进而针对具体问题提出提高医务人员信息素质的措施和新途径,为推动医院信息化的发展奠定基础。%Information literacy is a kind of skills by which people can select , search , and evaluate tradi-tional or online resources more effectively .Through the questionnaire of medical personnel , the author analyzed the information awareness , information capacity of the current situation and the problems in the utilization of medical information resources , and then put forward the countermeasures and new methods to improve the information litera-cy of medical personnel , in order to promote the development of medical information in a military region .

  17. The effectiveness of technology-enhanced relaxation techniques for military medical warriors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stetz, Melba C; Kaloi-Chen, Janalle Y; Turner, David D; Bouchard, Stéphane; Riva, Giuseppe; Wiederhold, Brenda K

    2011-09-01

    Combat zones can be very stressful for those in the area. Even in the battlefield, military medical personnel are expected to save others, while also staying alive. In this study, half of a sample of deployed military medical warriors (total n = 60) participated in technology-assisted relaxation training. Learning relaxation skills with a video clip of virtual reality relaxing scenes showed a statistically significant impact on the anxiety levels of the Experimental Group.

  18. A scope of the problem: Post-deployment reintegration challenges in a National Guard Unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, Sherrie L; Oh, Hyunsung; Redmond, Sarah A; Chicas, Joseph; Hassan, Anthony M; Lee, Pey-Jiuan; Ell, Kathleen

    2015-01-01

    More Reserve and Guard members have been activated in the past few years than in any other time in history. In addition to the high rates of psychological and behavioral challenges among military personnel, there are other equally important post-deployment reintegration challenges. Post-deployment reintegration challenges are particularly important to Reserve and Guard members, who transition rapidly from civilian-military-civilian. This study aims to describe the scope of challenges that a battalion of National Guard members (NGM) report experiencing after returning from a one-year deployment to Iraq. This article reports data from a sample of 126 NGM who recently returned from a one-year deployment to Iraq. The scope of post-deployment problems at baseline, 3- and 6-month post-deployment are presented. Overall, the rates of post-deployment psychological and behavioral problems were elevated upon returning from deployment and remained fairly constant for up to 6 months post-deployment. Approximately 30% of respondents were unsatisfied with their relationship and upwards of 30% reported family reintegration challenges. Comparisons with similar research and implications for prevention and improvement of post-deployment quality of life are addressed.

  19. Connections, Partnerships, Opportunities, and Programs to Enhance Success for Military Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Deborah; Northrup, Pamela; Wiley, Lusharon

    2009-01-01

    Active-duty personnel, reservists, veterans, and their spouses or dependents represent 30% of the 10,000 students at the University of West Florida (UWF). With base realignment activities, a rise in the number of troops returning from deployments, and an increase in military-affiliated students on campus, the needs of veterans and their families…

  20. English Learning Strategies of Various Nations: A Study in Military Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Ekrem

    2014-01-01

    How successful learners learn English has been one of the primary interest of scientists and researchers in recent years. Therefore, this study aimed to determine what language learning strategies the military personnel from different nations used while learning English. 56 subjects from 14 different nations deployed in three different military…

  1. Effect of Dwell Time on the Mental Health of U.S. Military Personnel with Multiple Combat Tours

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    government studies of health effects of the Gulf War. Am J Epidemiol. 1998;148(4):315---323. 18. Lazarus RS, Folkman S . Stress , appraisal, and coping ...the theory behind the stress ---exhaustion model is based on stressor duration, lack of an adequate dwell time may prevent the service member from...second deployment.8 Other studies have also identified increases in mental health symp- toms, particularly symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder

  2. A Survey of psychological status of personnel in military manoeuvres%对演习人员心理状况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋薇薇; 徐梅; 晏兰; 王浈; 樊拖迎; 王晓萍

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate each kind of crowd's psychological status in military manoeuvre, so as to reduce non-combat casualties for theiranxiety and depression. Methods A total of 121 personnel in military manoeuvres were investigated by "Symptom Check List 90" (SCL-90) about their anxiety-depressive mood. Results The factorial scores of somatization, depression and anxiety of the personnel in army service station were higher than normal of Chinese serviceman (P 0.05). Conclusion The occurrence of mental problem is related to the change of environment and personnel category.%目的 研究野外条件下实兵对抗演习中参演人员中各类参演人群的心理状况,以减少官兵因焦虑、抑郁等情绪在军事行动中引起的非战斗性减员.方法 应用症状自评量表(SCL-90)对某兵站实兵对抗121名参演人员进行了焦虑、抑郁等情绪相关测试和分析.结果 兵站人员的躯体化、抑郁及焦虑因子分值高于军人常模(P<0.05),非现役文职人员的症状总分高于兵站干部、士兵(均P <0.05),其中焦虑、恐怖及敌对3个因子分值高于干部、士兵(均P<O.05),士兵的各项得分与干部无明显差异(均P>0.05).结论 对抗演习可使参演人员心理状况低下,心理问题的发生与环境的改变和人员身份类别有一定关系.

  3. 48 CFR 252.225-7040 - Contractor Personnel Authorized to Accompany U.S. Armed Forces Deployed Outside the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... planning activities; and (C) Identify ways to utilize safety and security personnel and other resources... Tracker (SPOT) web-based system, at http://www.dod.mil/bta/products/spot.html, to enter and maintain...

  4. The Military Deployment Human Exposure Assessment Study (MDHEXAS): Blood and Urine Exposure Biomarkers as Environmental Surveillance Tools for Assessing Military Personnel Exposure to Chemicals During Deployment to Camp McGovern, Bosnia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    dysp = Dyspnea euph = euphoria excitement = excited fib = fibrosis flush face = flush face ftg = fatigue Head = Headache Gidd = giddiness inco...nausea Neck = neck ache nose = irritated nose Pallor Pulm edema= pulmonar y edema Resp sys = Respiratory System skin = irritated skin som = somnolence

  5. “和谐使命-2013”任务中军人疲劳状况的调查研究%Investigation on the fatigue status of military personnel during "Mission Harmony-2013"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈蕾; 夏松云; 吴海波

    2014-01-01

    目的 通过对参加“和谐使命-2013”军人疲劳自觉症状的调查,研究各种因素对疲劳的影响及男女军人疲劳状况的差异.方法 自编一般人口学资料调查表,疲劳状况调查采用日本产业卫生学会疲劳研究会撰写的《疲劳自觉症状调查表》对军人疲劳状况进行调查.结果 在3个月航海过程中,男、女军人第2个月比第1、3个月疲劳评分明显升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);女军人第2个月[(25.92±15.41)分]比男军人第2个月[(20.24±12.22)分]疲劳评分明显升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 参加“和谐使命-2013”的女军人疲劳症状评分较男军人高,对自己精力状况的客观评价、职业性质及睡眠质量是影响疲劳的主要因素.%Objective To study various influencing factors on fatigue and differences in fatigue sensation between males and females,through investigation of fatigue symptoms among shipboard personnel during "Mission Harmony-2013".Methods An investigation on the fatigue status of military personnel during "Mission Harmony-2013" was made by using the self-made general demographic data questionnaire and "the Self-conscious Fatigue Symptoms" questionnaire by the Japanese Industrial Hygiene Association Institute.Results During the 3-month deployment at sea,the fatigue scores obtained in the second month for both the male and female military personnel were obviously higher than those obtained in the first and third months (P < 0.01).The fatigue scores of the females in the second month significantly elevated than those of the males during the same period(P < 0.01).Gender,age,occupation and sleep quality were major influential factors affecting fatigue.Conclusions The fatigue cores of the females who participated in Mission Harmony were higher than those of the males.Objective assessment of mental status,occupation and sleep quality were chief factors affecting fatigue.

  6. Sexual Orientation and U.S. Military Personnel Policy: An Update of RAND’s 1993 Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    data-driven analysis of how [self-identified] LGBT employees feel about working at [the company]. Doesn’t go into any specific issues but give[ s ] a...This document and trademark( s ) contained herein are protected by law as indicated in a notice appearing later in this work. This electronic...Personnel Policy: An Update of RAND’s 1993 Study 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e

  7. OMEGA-3 SUPPLEMENTATION ATTENUATES THE PRODUCTION OF C-REACTIVE PROTEIN IN MILITARY PERSONNEL DURING 5 DAYS OF INTENSE PHYSICAL STRESS AND NUTRITIONAL RESTRICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Porto Santos

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The effects of omega-3 (n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA supplementation on the serum concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP and activity of creatine kinase (CK were investigated in military personnel. The concentrations of CRP and CK were used as inflammatory and muscle damage markers, respectively. Twenty subjects were divided into two groups and were given capsules containing either n-3 PUFA (SUP (n=10 or placebo (PLA (n=10 for four weeks. During the fourth week of supplementation, the subjects participated in a military boot camp that restricted both their calorie intake and rest, and increased their physical stress. Blood samples were taken in four instances: 1 pre-supplementation; 2 pre-camp; 3 during camp; 4 after camp. During the three weeks of supplementation and prior to boot camp, a significant reduction was observed in the serum concentration of CRP (50% only in group SUP (p=0.04. Significant increases in CK activity of 103.9% in SUP (p=0.0001 and 225.5% in PLA (p=0.004 after camp confirmed the strenuous nature of this procedure. Serum CRP increased during camp in both groups but the SUP group presented a significantly lower concentration of CRP at the end of boot camp in comparison to the PLA group (6.18 ± 2.6 U · L-1 and 8.6 ± 2.1 U · L-1 for SUP and PLA respectively, when p=0.04. These results suggest that supplementation with n-3 PUFA can exhibit a protective effect against the inflammatory process induced by a regimen of intense physical stress and food restriction.

  8. A study of correlation between alexithymia and resilience in military personnel%军人述情障碍与心理承受力相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏红辉; 张理义; 周小东; 王煜蕙; 任忠文; 林汉; 陈春霞; 姚高峰

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore correlation between alexithymia and resilience in military personnel.Methods 2802 subjects were chosen by random cluster sampling to outline the military personnel resilience scale and military alexithymia scale.The data were analyzed by t-test,chi-square test,ANOVA,correlation analysis and multiple linear regressions analysis.Results The prevalence rate of alexithymia was 6.85%,while resilience was 6.60%.Compared to sea force (45.62 ± 11.25 ) and air force (45.32 ± 9.98 ) subjects,land force (47.92 ± 9.92)had significantly higher total score in alexithymia(P< 0.05 ).Compared to sea force (87.35 ± 12.15 ) and air force ( 88.58 ± 10.39 ) subjects,land force ( 85.73 ± 10.70) had significantly lower total score in resilience(P < 0.05 ).The total score and every factor score of subjects with alexithymia were significant lower than those of control group in resilience(P < 0.05 ).Every factor of Resilience Scale were mild negative correlation with every factor of Alexithymia Scale (P<0.01).Problem solving,volition,optimism and family supports were the main factors which had affected on the alexithymia.Conclusion The prevalence rate of alexithymia in military personnel is lower than ordinary people,but there are still issues in alexithymia and resilience,particularly in land force.The research show mild correlation between alexithymia and resilience in military personnel.%目的 探讨军人述情障碍与心理承受力的相关性.方法 采用随机整群抽样法在全军抽取2802名官兵作被试,进行中国军人述情障碍量表和心理承受力量表测评,用t检验、x2检验、F检验、相关分析、多元线性回归分析等方法处理.结果 军人述情障碍总发生率为6.85%,军人心理承受力低水平者占6.60%;述情障碍总分陆军[(47.92±9.92)分]较海军[(45.62±11.25)分]与空军[(45.32±9.98)分]为高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);陆军心理承受力总分[(85.73±10.70)

  9. Role of ENT Surgeon in Managing Battle Trauma During Deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajguru, Renu

    2013-01-01

    With technological improvements in body armour and increasing use of improvised explosive devices, it is the injuries to head, face and neck are the cause for maximum fatalities as military personnel are surviving wounds that would have otherwise been fatal. The priorities of battlefield surgical treatment are to save life, eyesight and limbs and then to give the best functional and aesthetic outcome for other wounds. Modern day battlefields pose unique demands on the deployed surgical teams and management of head and neck wounds demands multispecialty approach. Optimal result will depend on teamwork of head and neck trauma management team, which should also include otolaryngologist. Data collected by various deployed HFN surgical teams is studied and quoted in the article to give factual figures. Otorhinolaryngology becomes a crucial sub-speciality in the care of the injured and military otorhinolaryngologists need to be trained and deployed accordingly. The otolaryngologist's clinical knowledge base and surgical domain allows the ENT surgeon to uniquely contribute in response to mass casualty incident. Military planners need to recognize the felt need and respond by deploying teams of specialist head and neck surgeons which should also include otorhinolaryngologists.

  10. Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccines against influenza-associated illnesses among US military personnel in 2010-11: a case-control approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelia A Eick-Cost

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Following the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 (pH1N1 pandemic, both seasonal and pH1N1 viruses circulated in the US during the 2010-2011 influenza season; influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE may vary between live attenuated (LAIV and trivalent inactivated (TIV vaccines as well as by virus subtype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Vaccine type and virus subtype-specific VE were determined for US military active component personnel for the period of September 1, 2010 through April 30, 2011. Laboratory-confirmed influenza-related medical encounters were compared to matched individuals with a non-respiratory illness (healthy controls, and unmatched individuals who experienced a non-influenza respiratory illness (test-negative controls. Odds ratios (OR and VE estimates were calculated overall, by vaccine type and influenza subtype. RESULTS: A total of 603 influenza cases were identified. Overall VE was relatively low and similar regardless of whether healthy controls (VE = 26%, 95% CI: -1 to 45 or test-negative controls (VE = 29%, 95% CI: -6 to 53 were used as comparison groups. Using test-negative controls, vaccine type-specific VE was found to be higher for TIV (53%, 95% CI: 25 to 71 than for LAIV (VE = -13%, 95% CI: -77 to 27. Influenza subtype-specific analyses revealed moderate protection against A/H3 (VE = 58%, 95% CI: 21 to 78, but not against A/H1 (VE = -38%, 95% CI: -211 to 39 or B (VE = 34%, 95% CI: -122 to 80. CONCLUSION: Overall, a low level of protection against clinically-apparent, laboratory-confirmed, influenza was found for the 2010-11 seasonal influenza vaccines. TIV immunization was associated with higher protection than LAIV, however, no protection against A/H1 was noted, despite inclusion of a pandemic influenza strain as a vaccine component for two consecutive years. Vaccine virus mismatch or lower immunogenicity may have contributed to these findings and deserve further examination in controlled studies. Continued assessment of VE in

  11. Multivitamin and Protein Supplement Use Is Associated With Positive Mood States and Health Behaviors in US Military and Coast Guard Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Krista G.; McGraw, Susan M.; Lieberman, Harris R.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Approximately 60% of Armed Forces personnel regularly consume dietary supplements (DSs). We investigated the association of mood and health behaviors with multiple classes of DSs in military and Coast Guard personnel (N = 5536). Participants completed a survey of DS use and the Quick Mood Scale to assess mood domains of wakeful-drowsiness, relaxed-anxious, cheerful-depressed, friendly-aggression, clearheaded-confused, and well coordinated–clumsy. Supplements were categorized as multivitamin/minerals (MVM), individual vitamin/minerals, protein/amino acid supplements (PS), combination products (C), herbals (H), purported steroid analogs, (S) and other (O). One-way analyses of covariance assessed associations of DSs and perceived health behavior with mood controlling for age. Logistic regression determined associations between DS use and health behavior. Users of MVM and PS reported feeling significantly (P < 0.05) more awake, relaxed, cheerful, clearheaded, and coordinated. Participants using PS and S reported feeling less friendly (more aggressive, P < 0.02). Users of MVM and PS were more likely to report their general health, eating habits, and fitness level as excellent/good (P < 0.05). Participants reporting health behaviors as excellent/good were more (P < 0.01) awake, relaxed, cheerful, friendly, clearheaded, and coordinated. As no known biological mechanisms can explain such diverse effects of MVM and PS use on multiple mood states, health, eating habits, and fitness, we hypothesize these associations are not causal, and DS intake does not alter these parameters per se. Preexisting differences in mood and other health-related behaviors and outcomes between users versus nonusers of DSs could be a confounding factor in studies of DSs. PMID:25122181

  12. Effects of prolonged deployment at sea on neuroendocrine and immune function of female naval afloat personnel%长航对女舰员内分泌及免疫功能影响的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张坤; 夏松云; 赵军; 左侠; 陈蕾

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of prolonged deployment at sea on endocrine and immune system of female naval afloat personnel,so as to provide evidence in the development of health protective measures for those naval personnel during their prolonged deployment at sea.Methods A total of 33 female naval afloat personnel were chosen for the study.By using self-control method,the levels of cortisol (COR),thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH),free T3 (FT3),free T4 (FT4),prolactin (PRL),follicle stimulating hormone (FSH),luteinizing hormone (LH),estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T),as well as such humoral immune indices of IgA,IgG,IgM,C3 and C4 were detected before deployment,on the way back to the homeport and 3 months after arrival at the homeport.Results During prolonged deployment at sea,changes could be seen in the following indices:the level of COR was increased,while the level of FT3 was decreased;the levels of PRL were increased,while the levels of FSH,LH and E2 were decreased;the levels of IgG and C3 were also decreased,and statistical significance could be noticed,when comparisons were made between the indices before deployment and those after deployment (P < 0.05,P < 0.01).Conclusions During prolonged deployment at sea,females displayed signs of chronic stress,which had certain effect on endocrine and humoral immune functions of the females.For this reason,it was of great importance to improve healthcare of females during prolonged deployment at sea.%目的 研究长航对女舰员内分泌及免疫功能的影响,为制定长远护航人员身体健康保障措施提供理论依据.方法 选取33名女舰员,采用自身对照研究方法,分别于出航前、返航途中及到港3个月后比较内分泌激素:皮质醇(COR)、促甲状腺激素(TSH)、游离T3(FT3)、游离T4(FT4)、泌乳素(PRL)、卵泡刺激素(FSH)、黄体生成素(LH)、雌二醇(E2)及睾酮(T)水平;同时比较体液免疫指标IgA、IgG、IgM、C3、C4水平.结果 长航

  13. Kevlar® as a Potential Accident Radiation Dosimeter for First Responders, Law Enforcement and Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanyukha, Alexander; Trompier, François; Benevides, Luis A

    2016-08-01

    Today the armed forces and law enforcement personnel wear body armor, helmets, and flak jackets composed substantially of Kevlar® fiber to prevent bodily injury or death resulting from physical, ballistic, stab, and slash attacks. Therefore, there is a high probability that during a radiation accident or its aftermath, the Kevlar®-composed body armor will be irradiated. Preliminary study with samples of Kevlar® foundation fabric obtained from body armor used by the U.S. Marine Corps has shown that all samples evaluated demonstrated an EPR signal, and this signal increased with radiation dose. Based on these results, the authors predict that, with individual calibration, exposure at dose above 1 Gy can be reliably detected in Kevlar® samples obtained from body armor. As a result of these measurements, a post-event reconstruction of exposure dose can be obtained by taking various samples throughout the armor body and helmet worn by the same irradiated individual. The doses can be used to create a whole-body dose map that would be of vital importance in a case of a partial body or heterogeneous exposure.

  14. Comparative analysis of ECGs in navy personnel onboard large and small vessels during prolonged deployment at sea%海军护航不同舰艇官兵的心电图对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨翅; 蒋建华; 柳兵; 陈文; 彭焕亭

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察海军大、小不同类型舰艇亚丁湾护航返回官兵心电图特点。方法对赴亚丁湾海域护航返回的某补给舰(简称大舰组)140名官兵、某护卫舰(简称小舰组)79名官兵,分别在2艘舰艇返回靠泊的当天,行常规体表12导联心电图检测,比较心电图异常及心率、各波间期的变化情况。结果小舰组官兵室性早搏发生率高于大舰组官兵,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);心率、左心室高电压、ST-T改变、早期复极、间歇性Ⅰ度或Ⅱ度Ⅰ型房室传导阻滞及各波形的间期差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论小舰官兵心律失常发生率高于大舰官兵,可能与小舰官兵自主神经功能失衡程度高,造成交感神经兴奋性增高有关。%Objective To observe the change features of ECG in navy personnel onboard large and small vessels after they re -turn from prolonged deployment to the Gulf of Aden .Methods One hundred and forty navy personnel onboard the auxiliary ship ( sim-ply designated as the large vessel ) and 79 people onboard the escort ( simply called the small vessel ) respectively received routine body surface 12-lead ECG detection , on the day they returned to the homeport , following prolonged deployment at sea .Abnormality in ECG and changes in heart rate and wave intervals were compared between the 2 ship crews.Results The incidence of premature ventricular contraction for the afloat personnel onboard the small vessel was higher than that for those onboard the large vessel (P0.05).Conclusion The incidence of arrhythmia for the afloat personnel onboard small vessel was evidently higher than that for the afloat personnel onboard the large ves -sel, which might be related with autonomic nervous system dysfunction and increased sympathetic nerve excitability .

  15. Gastrointestinal Infections in Deployed Forces in the Middle East Theater: An Historical 60 Year Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riddle, Mark S.; Savarino, Stephen J.; Sanders, John W.

    2015-01-01

    Infectious diarrhea has been among the most common maladies of military deployments throughout time. The U.S. military experienced a significant burden from this disease in the middle eastern and north African campaigns of World War II (WWII). This article compares patterns of disease experienced in WWII with the recent military deployments to the same region for Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF). Remarkable similarities in the prevalence and risk factors were noted, which belie the assumed improvements in prevention against these infections. In both campaigns, peaks of diarrhea occurred shortly after arrival of new personnel, which were seasonally associated and were linked to initial lapses in field sanitation and hygiene. It is important to reassess current strategies, especially, in light of emerging evidence of the chronic sequelae of these common infections to include a reemphasis on or reexamination of vaccine development, rapid field diagnostics, treatment algorithms, and antimicrobial prophylaxis. PMID:26350450

  16. Seasonal influenza vaccine and protection against pandemic (H1N1 2009-associated illness among US military personnel.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew C Johns

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: A novel A/H1N1 virus is the cause of the present influenza pandemic; vaccination is a key countermeasure, however, few data assessing prior seasonal vaccine effectiveness (VE against the pandemic strain of H1N1 (pH1N1 virus are available. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surveillance of influenza-related medical encounter data of active duty military service members stationed in the United States during the period of April-October 2009 with comparison of pH1N1-confirmed cases and location and date-matched controls. Crude odds ratios (OR and VE estimates for immunized versus non-immunized were calculated as well as adjusted OR (AOR controlling for sex, age group, and history of prior influenza vaccination. Separate stratified VE analyses by vaccine type (trivalent inactivated [TIV] or live attenuated [LAIV], age groups and hospitalization status were also performed. For the period of April 20 to October 15, 2009, a total of 1,205 cases of pH1N1-confirmed cases were reported, 966 (80% among males and over one-half (58% under 25 years of age. Overall VE for service members was found to be 45% (95% CI, 33 to 55%. Immunization with prior season's TIV (VE = 44%, 95% CI, 32 to 54% as well as LAIV (VE = 24%, 95% CI, 6 to 38% were both found to be associated with protection. Of significance, VE against a severe disease outcome was higher (VE = 62%, 95% CI, 14 to 84% than against milder outcomes (VE = 42%, 95% CI, 29 to 53%. CONCLUSION: A moderate association with protection against clinically apparent, laboratory-confirmed Pandemic (H1N1 2009-associated illness was found for immunization with either TIV or LAIV 2008-09 seasonal influenza vaccines. This association with protection was found to be especially apparent for severe disease as compared to milder outcome, as well as in the youngest and older populations. Prior vaccination with seasonal influenza vaccines in 2004-08 was also independently associated with protection.

  17. "Everywhere the soldier will be": wartime tobacco promotion in the US military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Elizabeth A; Malone, Ruth E

    2009-09-01

    Deployment of young Americans in military engagements places them at increased risk for not only war hazards but also tobacco addiction and disease. Tobacco use diminishes troop health and readiness, and increases medical and training costs. Military tobacco control efforts began in 1986, yet tobacco use remains high. To determine whether and how the tobacco industry targets military personnel in wartime, we analyzed internal industry documents about the Gulf War (1990-1991) and constructed a historical case study. During this conflict, tobacco companies targeted troops with free cigarettes, direct advertising, branded items, ways to communicate with family, and "welcome home" events. Military authorities sometimes restricted this activity, but frequently enabled it; tobacco companies were regarded as benefactors. Considering tobacco use a benefit undermines military health priorities. Stronger policy is needed to reframe tobacco use as incompatible with military ideals.

  18. Development of Norms for the Post-deployment Reintegration Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    perspective. Recognizing the importance of successful post-deployment reintegration to optimal operational readiness, Canadian military researchers...of successful post-deployment reintegration to optimal operational readiness, Canadian military researchers developed the Army Post- Deployment... successful post-deployment reintegration to optimal operational readiness, and attempting to address the gaps and limitations of existing

  19. Epidemiological Investigation of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Military Personnel after Military Operation%军人军事行动创伤后应激障碍的流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢家春; 呼永河; 王文春; 陈喆思; 张安仁; 卢豪; 江玥; 袁青; 庞日朝; 王倩

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in military personnel 3 months after a military exercise and the related factors. Methods Structured questionnaire and psychological scale assessment were applied to 690 sol-diers 3 months after a military exercise in relative factor investigation during the period from April, 2011 to July, 2014;for those with high cut-off points in the primary screen by PTSD checklist-military version (PCL-M),a one-to-one interview was carried out by psychia-trists, and the diagnosis of PTSD was confirmed based on DSM-IV;logistic regression analysis was made to the materials with the soft-ware SPSS13.0. Results 690 soldiers were enrolled in the investigation while 637 questionnaires were effective, and there were 30 cases of confirmed diagnosis of PTSD, taking up 4.71%;positive individual psychological symptoms, including somatization, obsessive-com-pulsive, depression, anxiety, interpersonal relationship, hostility, fright, paranoid idea and psychoticism, were statistically different from those of Chinese male norm (P<0.05);the factors impacting mental health were:only child, living in cities and towns, low service satis-faction, failing to get economic help when having difficulties, injury, too heavy exercise task, dissatisfied with the superior instruction;stressful events had no impact on individual character in a short time (P<0.05). Conclusions The occurrence of PTSD in military person-nel 3 months after military exercises is higher than that in norm;it is necessary to strengthen the psychological protection and crisis inter-vention.%目的:了解某部参加军事演习的官兵3个月后创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)的患病率及相关因素。方法2011年4月—2014年7月通过结构式问卷调查和心理量表测评对某部参加军事演习3个月的690名官兵进行相关因素调查。PTSD诊断采用PTSD筛查量表-军人版(PCL-M)进行初筛,再由精神科医师依

  20. Office of Personnel Management Catch 62 Match

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — SSA provides the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) with tax returns, Social Security benefits, and military retirement information for the purpose of correctly...

  1. Monitoring of returnees from Ebola-affected areas: lessons learned based on the experience of French armed forces deployed in Guinea, 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manet, Ghislain; Bédubourg, Gabriel; Velut, Guillaume; de Laval, Franck; Mayet, Aurélie; Dia, Aissata; Berger, Franck; Quentin, Benoît; Meynard, Jean-Baptiste; Michel, Rémy; Duron, Sandrine

    2017-08-31

    During the 2014-15 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa, French armed forces were involved in the treatment and management of Ebola patients in Guinea. The constant flow of military personnel returning from their deployment posed a risk of secondary dissemination of the Ebola virus. Our objective was to describe the follow-up of returning service members that was implemented to prevent this risk of dissemination in France. For the French military, a specific complementary follow-up was added to the national monitoring to take into account the need for a detailed record for follow-up of returning military personnel and to keep the military chain of command informed. All the 410 service members deployed in Guinea underwent monitoring among whom 22 were suspected of EVD. Three of them were considered as possible EVD cases but none of them was tested positive for EVD. The monitoring organized for French service members deployed in Guinea made it possible to follow all exposed military personnel after their return, know their health status on a near real-time basis and be aware of all alerts. To reach this goal the collaboration with French national health agencies was necessary and should be improved in the future.

  2. The investigation of the correlation between metabolic syndrome and Chinese medicine constitution types in senior retired military personnel of the People's Liberation Army.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Ying-lu; Zheng, Guo-yin; Ling, Chang-quan

    2012-07-01

    To investigate the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and the distribution of constitutional pattern in elderly retired personnel of the People's Liberation Army. Adopting the method of cross-sectional field investigation, from June to December in 2008, the investigation questionnaires were completed by the aged over 60 and collected from 69 military retired residences in the 4 cities of Shanghai, Nanjing, Hangzhou and Qingdao. Other data, including demographic characteristics, physiological characteristics, life style and former medical history, were collected and analyzed. The statistical analysis for the database was drawn up by the software Epidata 3.0. A total of 4,502 people were included in this study, and 35.3% of them were diagnosed with MS. There was no obvious difference in mobility among ages (60 to 69, 70 to 79 and over 80, P>0.05). Referring to the MS patients in the 70s age group, both the phlegm-dampness and dampness-heat constitutional types were evidently higher than those in the 60s age group (P=0.019, P=0.008); while MS patients in 80s and older showed a significantly lower incidence of dampness-heat constitution than those in the 60s (P=0.00); and ql-deficiency constitution was obviously higher in the 80s age group than those in the other two groups (P=0.00). The top 3 constitutions in MS people were, respectively, phlegm-dampness, dampness-heat and qi-deficiency constitution; while in non-MS people, the top 3 constitutions were gentleness, qi-deficiency and phlegm-dampness. When the patient's body mass index (BMI) was more than 25 kg/m(2), the rate of phlegm-dampness and dampness-heat constitution significantly increased, while the rate of qi-deficiency constitution declined; the discrepancy was significant (P=0.00). The prevalence rate of MS in military senior people was 35.3%, which did not vary among the three age groups. Phlegm-dampness, dampness-heat and qi-deficiency constitution were the three dominant constitutional types seen in the

  3. Cost Benefit Analysis: Closed-Cell Polyurethane Foam Use in DOD Forward-Deployed Structures and As An Alternative Building Material to Reduce Operational Fuel Demand and Associated Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    structure. Improved indoor air quality gives deployed military commanders personnel that are rested and less susceptible to adverse health risks...23 6. Disposal ...............................................................................................23 7. Health Hazards...Kuwait (from AFCESA, 2010)................28 Figure 12. Exterior foam application to Camp Lemonier Gym , Djibouti (from Nolan, 2015

  4. Deployment-related risk factors of low back pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Lars Ravnborg; Marott, Jacob Louis; Gyntelberg, Finn

    2014-01-01

    . Older age (p = 0.016), support from leaders (odds ratio [OR] = 1.69, p = 0.019), psychological stress (OR = 1.71, p = 0.009), awkward working positions (OR = 1.98, p = 0.001), and working in depots or storehouses (OR = 2.60, p = 0.041) were found to be associated with LBP after adjustment of all other...... their subordinates and involve medical personnel, especially deployed physiotherapists, by giving advice to soldiers of different military occupational specialties on how to optimize ergonomics at work....

  5. Trauma Symptoms, Communication, and Relationship Satisfaction in Military Couples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakhurst, Melissa; McGuire, Annabel; Halford, W Kim

    2017-03-08

    Trauma symptoms are negatively correlated with couple relationship satisfaction, which is of particular importance in the relationships of military personnel who are often exposed to trauma whilst on overseas deployment. This study tested a model in which communication mediated an association between trauma symptoms and low relationship satisfaction. Thirty-one Australian military couples were observationally assessed during a communication task, and assessed on their relationship satisfaction and individual functioning. As expected, trauma symptoms in the male military spouse were associated with low satisfaction in both spouses. Females' low positive communication fully mediated the relationship between males' trauma symptoms and low female satisfaction, but not male relationship satisfaction. Unexpectedly, males' negative communication behaviors were associated with high male relationship satisfaction, and partially mediated the association between trauma symptoms and male satisfaction. Discussion focused on how some communication usually thought of as negative might be associated with relationship satisfaction in military couples. © 2017 Family Process Institute.

  6. Cancer incidence and all-cause mortality in a cohort of 21,582 Norwegian military peacekeepers deployed to Lebanon during 1978-1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strand, Leif Aage; Martinsen, Jan Ivar; Borud, Einar Kristian

    2015-08-01

    We investigated cancer incidence and all-cause mortality among 21,582 Norwegian male military peacekeepers deployed to Lebanon during 1978-1998. We also looked at cancer risk according to duration of service in Lebanon, in the occupational groups of cooks and mechanics, and the risk of alcohol- and smoking-related cancers among those who served during high- or low-conflict periods. The cohort was followed for cancer incidence and all-cause mortality from 1978 through 2012. Standardised incidence ratios (SIR) for cancer and mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated from national rates for the total cohort. SIRs were calculated according to duration of service; among cooks and mechanics; and according to high- and low-conflict exposure. Poisson regression, expressed as rate ratio (RR), was used to see the effect of duration of service, and of conflict exposure. A decreased risk was found for cancer incidence overall (1050 cases, SIR=0.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.84-0.95) and for cancers of the prostate (SIR=0.78) and skin (other than melanoma) (SIR=0.58). The incidence of rectal cancer was 73% higher in those who served for 1 year or more than in those with shorter-term service (RR=1.73, 95% CI 1.00-3.02). The cancer risk in cooks and mechanics was within expected values. The risk of lung cancer was higher in the high-conflict exposure group than in the low-conflict exposure group (RR=1.79; 95% CI 1.00-3.18). In the total cohort, all-cause mortality was lower than expected (SMR=0.83; 95% CI 0.78-0.88). We found a "healthy soldier effect" for overall cancer incidence and all-cause mortality. Service during high-conflict periods was associated with a higher risk of lung cancer than service during low-conflict periods, but this risk was in line with that of the reference population. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  7. Impact of phlebotomine sand flies on U.S. Military operations at Tallil Air Base, Iraq: 1. background, military situation, and development of a "Leishmaniasis Control Program".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Russell E; Burkett, Douglas A; Putnam, John L; Sherwood, Van; Caci, Jennifer B; Jennings, Barton T; Hochberg, Lisa P; Spradling, Sharon L; Rowton, Edgar D; Blount, Keith; Ploch, John; Hopkins, Grady; Raymond, Jo-Lynne W; O'Guinn, Monica L; Lee, John S; Weina, Peter J

    2006-07-01

    One of the most significant modern day efforts to prevent and control an arthropod-borne disease during a military deployment occurred when a team of U.S. military entomologists led efforts to characterize, prevent, and control leishmaniasis at Tallil Air Base (TAB), Iraq, during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Soon after arriving at TAB on 22 March 2003, military entomologists determined that 1) high numbers of sand flies were present at TAB, 2) individual soldiers were receiving many sand fly bites in a single night, and 3) Leishmania parasites were present in 1.5% of the female sand flies as determined using a real-time (fluorogenic) Leishmania-generic polymerase chain reaction assay. The rapid determination that leishmaniasis was a specific threat in this area allowed for the establishment of a comprehensive Leishmaniasis Control Program (LCP) over 5 mo before the first case of leishmaniasis was confirmed in a U.S. soldier deployed to Iraq. The LCP had four components: 1) risk assessment, 2) enhancement of use of personal protective measures by all personnel at TAB, 3) vector and reservoir control, and 4) education of military personnel about sand flies and leishmaniasis. The establishment of the LCP at TAB before the onset of any human disease conclusively demonstrated that entomologists can play a critical role during military deployments.

  8. Frequent Binge Drinking After Combat-Acquired Traumatic Brain Injury Among Active Duty Military Personnel With a Past Year Combat Deployment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    traumatic brain injury Author Affiliations: Institute for Behavioral Health (Drs Larson and Horgan), The Heller School for Social Policy & Management (Ms...interest. Corresponding Author: Rachel Sayko Adams, MPH, MA, The Heller School for Social Policy & Management, Brandeis University, 415 South St, Mail...Trauma Rehabil. 2007;22(6):318–329. 42. Weathers FW, Litz BT, Herman DS, Huska JA, Keane TM. The PTSD Checklist (PCL): reliability, validity, and

  9. A Prospective Study of Acute Diarrhea in a Cohort of United States Military Personnel on Deployment to the Multinational Force and Observers, Sinai, Egypt

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    8. Sanchez J , Holmgren J , Svennerholm AM , 1990 . Recombinant fusion protein for simple detection of Escherichia coli heat- stable...Jiang ZD , Flores J , Belkind-Gerson J , Martinez- Sandoval FG , Okhuysen PC , 2008 . PCR-based assay using occult blood detection cards

  10. Military Personnel: DOD Has Taken Steps to Meet the Health Needs of Deployed Servicewomen, but Actions Are Needed to Enhance Care for Sexual Assault Victims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    forcible sodomy ( oral or anal sex), and other unwanted sexual contact that is aggravated, abusive, or wrongful (including unwanted and...Gynecologists guidelines for cervical cytology screening. Additionally, we found that Navy guidelines require the provision of standbys—individuals who could

  11. A Probabilistic Risk Assessment for Deployed Military Personnel After the Implementation of the Leishmaniasis Control Program at Tallil Air Base, Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    ßies (Croft et al. 2006). There are three clinical sub- types of leishmaniasis: cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral. The most common subtype is...K. Behbehani, R. Davidson, F. Kuzoe, L. Pang, K. Weera- suriya, and A.D.M. Bryceson. 1998. EfÞcacy and safety of liposomal amphotericin B ( AmBisome

  12. Does mental health stigma change across the deployment cycle?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steenkamp, Maria M; Boasso, Alyssa M; Nash, William P; Litz, Brett T

    2014-12-01

    Prior research on mental health stigma in military personnel has been cross-sectional. We prospectively examined the course of perceived mental health stigma in a cohort of deployed U.S. combat Marines. Participants (N = 768) were assessed 1 month before a 7-month deployment to Afghanistan, and again at 1, 5, and 8 months postdeployment. We also examined three predictors of the course of stigma: post-traumatic stress disorder symptom severity, vertical and horizontal unit cohesion, and mental health treatment utilization while deployed. Perceptions of stigma remained largely stable across the deployment cycle, with latent growth curve analyses revealing a statistically significant but small decrease in stigma over time. Lower post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and greater perceived vertical and horizontal support predicted decreases in stigma over time, whereas mental health treatment utilization in theater did not predict the course of stigma. Perceived stigma was low and largely stable over time. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  13. Comparative International Military Personnel Policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-07-01

    lors du recrutement 3.2 Le deroulement de carriere 3.3 Le röle du Service de Sante 3.4 Les femmes dans l’armee 4. L’evitement institutionnel 4.1...consideree comme reprehensible en soi. Ainsi, au moment du recrutement , il est etabli que toute attitude discriminatoire a 1 egard des homosexuels est...voir sa categorisation medicale etre modifiee et voire meme son aptitude remise en cause jusqu’au processus de reforme, sans que l’armee puisse en

  14. Preseparation Counseling for Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    as an employment option and advise Service members that registration for public and community service is mandatory for early retirement under Pub. L...for public and community service is mandatory for early retirement under Pub. L. No. 102-484, Section 4403 (reference (d)). (5) Transition Bulletin

  15. Social Sciences Support to Military Personnel Engaged in Counter-Insurgency and Counter-Terrorism Operations (Soutien en sciences sociales apporte au personnel militaire engage dans des operations de contre-insurrection et de contre-terrorisme)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Treaty Organisation NGO Non-Governmental Organization NWC Naval War College PCL Psychopathy Checklist PHQ Patient Health Questionnaire PTSD Post... Psychopathy Checklist Revised, PCL-R, is a diagnostic tool). We are evaluating all the training, pre-deployment, during and post-deployment. The Australians

  16. 某工程部队士兵心理健康水平调查分析%Questionnaire survey on the mental health of military personnel in one energine troop

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李柱; 张继刚; 张蕾; 张洁; 杨蕾; 杨维玲

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate the mental health status of military personnel in one engineering troop. MethodsA questionnaire survey was carried out with the symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90) in 784 military personnel in one engineering troop, and was compared with SCL-90 norm of Chinese military personnel.Results The positive solider was 261 cases,the positive rate was 33.29% .The general mean score of SCL-90 and the scores of obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, paranoid ideation and somatization about military personnel in the engineering group were significantly lower than that of SCL-90 norm of Chinese military personnel (P0.05). The SCL-90 total and all the factor scores of soldiers from rural areas was not statistically significantly different than those from urban areas (P>0.05). The factor scores of SCL-90 total and other the factor scores except somatization of only-child soldiers were significantly higher than those non-only-child soldiers(P6 h(P<0.01 ).ConclusionThe mental health status of military personnel in the engineering troop is good, while mental intervention should be strengthened for some high scores(somatization) and some population group(only-child soldiers, long working-time soldiers).%目的:调查分析某工程部队士兵心理健康水平。方法采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)对某工程部队784名士兵进行心理健康水平进行调查分析,并与中国军人常模比较。结果共筛查出阳性261例,阳性率为33.29%。某工程部队士兵SCL-90总分和强迫症状、人际敏感、抑郁、焦虑、偏执、精神病性因子分值低于中国军人常模(P<0.01),躯体化因子分值高于中国军人常模(P<0.01),而敌对和恐怖因子分值与中国军人常模比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。农村士兵SCL-90总分及各因子分值与城镇士兵相比,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);独生子女士兵除躯体化外,SCL-90总分及其余8

  17. Examining the Effects of Parental Combat Deployment on the Body Mass Index and Eating Behaviors and Attitudes of Adolescent Female Military Dependents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-13

    energy consumed and the level of physical activity attained.   Health Correlates of Pediatric Obesity   Childhood overweight and obesity are...MILITARY CHILD   Nearly two million children reside in military families in which one or both of their parents or guardians are Active Duty, Reserve...promote healthy development in children and adolescents (MacDermid, Samper, Schwarz, Nishiba, & Nyaronga, 2006). The integration of these programs into

  18. Analysis of Japan’s Personnel Deployment in International Organizations%日本在国际组织中的人事布局分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲

    2015-01-01

    当前,随着国际话语权越来越重要,我国亟待在国际舞台上形成一定规模、不同年龄层次、在国际组织中十分活跃并有一定影响力的优秀人才队伍。日本政府从20世纪70年代开始就通过采取“JPO (Junior Professional Officer)派遣制度”等措施,加强其在国际组织中的人事派遣,在解决能源安全、气候变化等全球性问题中谋求发挥更大的领导力。本文对日本在国际组织中的人事布局状况进行了分析,对日本培养国际组织职员后备人才的举措进行了介绍和研究,为我国有关部门提供参考和借鉴。%As the international discourse right plays an increasingly important role, it is urgent for China to bring international arena a vast group of excellent talents that can play active and inlfuential roles in international organizations and shall be in multiple age groups. The Japanese government has implemented some approaches such as “JPO Dispatching System” since 1970s to strengthen distribution of Japanese representatives in international organizations, and has sought for practicing more leadership in solving global issues such as energy safety and climate changes. This paper studied and analyzed Japan’s personnel layouts in international organizations, introduced approaches that Japan had adopted to cultivate backup talents for becoming ofifcials in international organizations. References are provided for further studies by departments concerned.

  19. Health impact of US military service in a large population-based military cohort: findings of the Millennium Cohort Study, 2001-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amoroso Paul J

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Combat-intense, lengthy, and multiple deployments in Iraq and Afghanistan have characterized the new millennium. The US military's all-volunteer force has never been better trained and technologically equipped to engage enemy combatants in multiple theaters of operations. Nonetheless, concerns over potential lasting effects of deployment on long-term health continue to mount and are yet to be elucidated. This report outlines how findings from the first 7 years of the Millennium Cohort Study have helped to address health concerns related to military service including deployments. Methods The Millennium Cohort Study was designed in the late 1990s to address veteran and public concerns for the first time using prospectively collected health and behavioral data. Results Over 150 000 active-duty, reserve, and National Guard personnel from all service branches have enrolled, and more than 70% of the first 2 enrollment panels submitted at least 1 follow-up survey. Approximately half of the Cohort has deployed in support of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Conclusion The Millennium Cohort Study is providing prospective data that will guide public health policymakers for years to come by exploring associations between military exposures and important health outcomes. Strategic studies aim to identify, reduce, and prevent adverse health outcomes that may be associated with military service, including those related to deployment.

  20. 中国男性青年军人对同性恋者及其服兵役的态度%Attitudes of Chinese young male military personnel toward homosexuality in the army

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎同军; 王焕林; 王彦彦; 毕银花

    2009-01-01

    目的 评价中国男性青年军人对同性恋者及同性恋者服兵役的态度.方法 随机整群抽取1368名南京军区陆军某部现役男性青年军人,采用军人对男/女同性恋者的态度量表(ATLG)(中文版)及军人对军队中的同性恋者的态度量表(ATHM)(中文版)进行测最,并对其结果进行统计分析.结果 ATLG量表最低分22,最高分80,平均(45.59±7.90)分;ATHM量表最低分14,最高分为53,平均(29.43±6.56)分;中国男性青年军人对男、女同性恋者均持否定的态度,尤其对男同性恋者更加反感(t=7.212,P=0.000);未发现ATLG量表、ATHM量表评分与年龄、军龄、职别、是否独生子女及受教育程度存在相关;ATLG评分与ATHM评分间存在正相关(r=0.491,P<0.01).结论 中国当代军人对同性恋者服役的态度既表示轻度支持,存在较高的宽容度,同时又感到与同性恋者在一起"不舒服",且这种反感多表现在道德及社会舆论范畴.%Objective To assess attitudes of Chinese young male military personnel with regard to homosexuality and homosexuality served in the army. Methods 1368 enlisted military personnel from Nanjing Military Region chosen hy random cluster sampling were tested and analyzed by Military Personnel' s Attitudes Toward Lesbian and Gay men Scale ( ATLG) and Military Personnel' s Attitudes Toward Homosexuals in the Military Scale (ATHM). Results The summed scores on the ATLG scale ranged from 22 to 80 (45. 59 ± 7. 90) , and the summed scores on the ATHM scale ranged from 14 to 53 (29.43 ± 6. 56). Attitudes of the present sample toward lesbians and gay men in general were found to be negative, especially toward gay men(t = 7.212, P = 0.000). There was no relation found between scale scores and the demographic variables such as age, length of military service, official rank, education , while the Pearson correlation coefficients between ATLG scores and ATHM scores was high(r=0.491, P<0.01). Conclusion Attitudes toward

  1. Correlational Study of Psychology Resilience and Alexithymia in Frontier Military Personnel%边防官兵心理承受力与述情障碍的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋红涛; 张理义; 杜凡; 汤泉; 王煜蕙

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between mental resilience and alexithymia in frontier military personnel.Methods By cluster random sampling,241frontier military personnel were selected as the experimental group and 450 military personnel as con-trol group.They were investigated by Military Alexithymia Scale and Military Personnel Resilience Scale.The acquired data were analyzed by SPSS statistic 17.0 program.Results ①The incidence rate of alexithymia in frontier military personnel was much higher than that in ordinary military personnel(incidence rate was 33.44%and 7.91%respectively,P<0.001);②The total scores of alexithymia and its all factor scores in frontier military personnel negatively correlated with the total scores of resilience and its all factor scores (r=-0.499~-0.266,P<0.01);③The total scores of alexithymia and its all factor scores in the group of higher resilience scores were lower than that of lower resilience scores(t=4.962~6.514,P<0.01);④Stepwise regression analysis revealed that willpower and interpersonal contact were the significant predictors of alexithymia,accounting for 20.2%and 26.4%of alexithymia respectively(t=-5.949,-2.309, P=0.000,0.022).Conclusion Mental resilience is the protected factor to alexithymia in frontier military personnel,especially the willpower and interpersonal.%目的:研究边防官兵述情障碍与心理承受的关系。方法整群随机抽取某部队241名边防陆军作为研究对象,同时整群随机抽取某军区450名非边防陆军官兵作为对照组,运用军人述情障碍量表和军人心理承受力量表评定研究组和对照组的述情障碍状况和心理承受力状况,对所得数据进行统计分析。结果①边防官兵述情障碍的发生率明显高于非边防官兵(33.44%,7.91%;P<0.001);②边防官兵的述情障碍总分及各因子分与心理承受力总分及各因子分呈显著负相关( r=-0.499~-0.266,P<0.01)

  2. 32 CFR 9.4 - Commission personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.4... United States armed forces (“Military Officer”), including without limitation reserve personnel on active... Presiding Officer shall be a Military Officer who is a judge advocate of any United States armed force. (5...

  3. The Millennium Cohort Study: Answering Long-Term Health Concerns of US Military Service Members by Integrating Longitudinal Survey Data with Military Health System Records. Part 2. Pre-Deployment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    determining if diagnoses of pulmonary diseases are changing over time. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are major causes of cardiovascular disease...deployment, combat exposures, and mental health conditions were studied in relationship to newly reported diabetes mellitus . A total of 44,754...chronic bronchitis or emphysema (1% vs. 1 %) and asthma (1% vs. 1 %) among deployers compared to nondeployers. These data suggest that ground-troop

  4. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-25

    enhancement of the efficiency of ideo- logical work and improvement in all forms of political training and party educa - tion and instruction. A...perfecting of the military training of commanders, staffs, and all 13 personnel, and to the improvement of the political, military, and moral educa - tion of

  5. Design and methodology of a randomized clinical trial of home-based telemental health treatment for U.S. military personnel and veterans with depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luxton, David D; Pruitt, Larry D; O'Brien, Karen; Stanfill, Katherine; Jenkins-Guarnieri, Michael A; Johnson, Kristine; Wagner, Amy; Thomas, Elissa; Gahm, Gregory A

    2014-05-01

    Home-based telemental health (TMH) treatments have the potential to address current and future health needs of military service members, veterans, and their families, especially for those who live in rural or underserved areas. The use of home-based TMH treatments to address the behavioral health care needs of U.S. military healthcare beneficiaries is not presently considered standard of care in the Military Health System. The feasibility, safety, and clinical efficacy of home-based TMH treatments must be established before broad dissemination of home-based treatment programs can be implemented. This paper describes the design, methodology, and protocol of a clinical trial that compares in-office to home-based Behavioral Activation for Depression (BATD) treatment delivered via web-based video technology for service members and veterans with depression. This grant funded three-year randomized clinical trial is being conducted at the National Center for Telehealth and Technology at Joint-base Lewis-McChord and at the Portland VA Medical Center. Best practice recommendations regarding the implementation of in-home telehealth in the military setting as well as the cultural and contextual factors of providing in-home care to active duty and veteran military populations are also discussed.

  6. Tobacco use habits of naval personnel during Desert Storm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forgas, L B; Meyer, D M; Cohen, M E

    1996-03-01

    This study examined availability and usage of tobacco products, and their potential impact on the oral health of naval personnel deployed to Desert Storm. Of 4,200 surveys mailed to a randomly selected sample, 45.6% were returned (N = 1,915). The respondents included 55.9% who reported a present or former smoking habit, 34.1% who identified themselves as current smokers (SM), and 23.8% who were smokeless tobacco (ST) users. Tobacco products were easily and inexpensively accessible through ship stores, exchange, or military support organizations (USO). While in the Persian Gulf, 7.0% started SM and 9.3% started ST, resulting in an overall 4.7 and 6.1% increase in SM and ST, respectively. Of those who were already tobacco users, 29.2% reported more SM use and 19.0% used ST more often. Stress (35.1%) and boredom (21.4%) were the most frequently cited reasons to start or increase use. Although 30.5% of respondents reported military personnel have encouraged them to quit, 77.2% reported that anti-smoking efforts have been unsuccessful in influencing them to quit. Since the tobacco usage rate is higher in the military than in the civilian sector, greater emphasis on preventive efforts in warranted to promote health and wellness.

  7. A Comparison of the Incidence of Cricothyrotomy in the Deployed Setting to the Emergency Department at a Level 1 Military Trauma Center: A Descriptive Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    technological advances being available in both settings. It is reasonable to presume that standard airway management techniques were at least...Vikhyat S. Bebarta, USAF MC§ ABSTRACT Airway management is a critical skill of emergency medicine physicians and prehospital providers. Airway ...more often in the deployed setting than the ED, but this difference was not statistically significant. INTRODUCTION Background Airway management is

  8. Mining Deployment Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Čech, Jozef

    2016-09-01

    The deployment problem, researched primarily in the military sector, is emerging in some other industries, mining included. The principal decision is how to deploy some activities in space and time to achieve desired outcome while complying with certain requirements or limits. Requirements and limits are on the side constraints, while minimizing costs or maximizing some benefits are on the side of objectives. A model with application to mining of polymetallic deposit is presented. To obtain quick and immediate decision solutions for a mining engineer with experimental possibilities is the main intention of a computer-based tool. The task is to determine strategic deployment of mining activities on a deposit, meeting planned output from the mine and at the same time complying with limited reserves and haulage capacities. Priorities and benefits can be formulated by the planner.

  9. The validity of self-rated health as a measure of health status among young military personnel: evidence from a cross-sectional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vander Weg Mark W

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Single item questions about self ratings of overall health status are widely used in both military and civilian surveys. Limited information is available to date that examines what relationships exist between self-rated health, health status and health related behaviors among relatively young, healthy individuals. Methods The current study uses the population of active duty United States Air Force recruits (N = 31,108. Participants completed surveys that asked about health behaviors and health states and were rated their health on a continuum from poor to excellent. Results Ratings of health were consistently lower for those who used tobacco (F = 241.7, p Conclusion Given the consistent relationship between self-rated overall health and factors important to military health and fitness, self-rated health appears to be a valid measure of health status among young military troops.

  10. Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space—A vision for virtual military amputee support

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashley Fisher, MA

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The war in Iraq is the largest and longest sustained combat operation by the U.S. military since the Vietnam war. An estimated nearly 2 million U.S. military personnel have been deployed for Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom [1]. Dr. Chuck Scoville, Col. Ret., Chief of Amputee Patient Care at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, stated that as of November 2009, 937 war fighters have suffered an amputation as a result of a battle injury. The successful recovery from a traumatic injury resulting in an amputation largely depends on care from clinical providers as well as peer support.

  11. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression Among U.S. Military Health Care Professionals Deployed in Support of Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    the following health care occupations: physician, nurse, dentist, veterinarian , biomedical sciences or allied health, health service administration, or... veterinarians ); (c) biomedical, allied health professional, and dentists; and (d) medical admin- istration and health services. Groupings were based on likely...Jacobson, I. G., Smith, T. C., Smith, B., Wells, T. S., Reed, R. J., & Ryan, M. A. (2008). US military service members vaccinated against smallpox in

  12. A systematic review of prognosis after mild traumatic brain injury in the military. Results of the International Collaboration on MTBI Prognosis (ICoMP)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boyle, Eleanor; Cancelliere, Carol; Hartvigsen, Jan

    2014-01-01

    of post-concussive symptoms differed based on the levels of combat stress the individuals experienced. The evidence suggests a slight decline in neurocognitive function post-MTBI, but this decline was in the normal range of brain functioning. Conclusions: This study found limited evidence that combat...... stress, PTSD and post-concussive symptoms affect recovery and prognosis of MTBI in military personnel. Additional high quality research is needed to fully assess the prognosis of MTBI in military personnel.......Objective: The WHO Collaborating Centre Task Force on mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) published their findings on prognosis of MTBI in 2004. This is an update of that review with a focus on deployed military personnel. Data sources: Relevant literature published between January 2001 and February...

  13. Longitudinal Assessment of Self-Reported Recent Back Pain and Combat Deployment in the Millennium Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granado, Nisara S; Pietrucha, Amanda; Ryan, Margaret; Boyko, Edward J; Hooper, Tomoko I; Smith, Besa; Smith, Tyler C

    2016-11-15

    A prospective cohort study. Activities performed during military operations vary in complexity and physical demand. The risk for mental illness following military combat deployment has been well documented. However, information regarding the possible contribution of back pain to decreased mental and functional health is scarce. To our knowledge, this is the first study to prospectively assess deployment and self-reported recent back pain in a population-based U.S. military cohort. The study consisted of Millennium Cohort participants who were followed for the development of back pain for an average of 3.9 years. Descriptive statistics and longitudinal analyses were used to assess the temporal relationship of deployment with self-reported recent back pain at follow-up (N = 53,933). Recent back pain was self-reported by 8379 (15.5%) participants at follow-up. After adjusting for covariates, deployers with combat experiences had higher odds [odds ratio (OR) = 1.38, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.28-1.50] of recent back pain than noncombat deployers. There was no association between recent back pain and nondeployers compared with noncombat deployers. Service support/supply handlers were at an increased odds of reporting recent back pain (OR = 1.11, 95% CI: 1.02-1.21) than functional support/administration occupations. Occupations associated with a physically demanding work environment had a higher risk of back pain. Deployers with combat experiences were more likely to report back pain postdeployment. This well-defined group of military personnel may potentially benefit from integrated prevention efforts. 3.

  14. 军队疗养院特勤人员疗养的实践与思考%Recuperation of Special Service Personnel in Military Sanatorium: Practice and Reflection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晖

    2011-01-01

    Starting with the recuperation requirements of special service personnel, the article introduced the recuperate necessity for special service personnel with analysis on the recuperation situation. In order to over-come exhaustion, restore physical strength, enhance health, solidify and boost combat effectiveness, the author proposed that special service personnel must participate in planned convalescence. The sanatorium should strength-en the construction and research of the special service convalescences, explore new management pattern for the spe-cial service personnel, and put forward theoretical foundations for the construction and the reform for the convales-cence of special service personnel.%本文从特勤人员疗养需要入手,分析特勤人员疗养面临的形势和现状,提出特勤人员疗养的必要性.认为特勤人员必须有计划地安排健康疗养,达到消除疲劳、恢复体能,维护健康,巩固和提高部队战斗力的目的.疗养院应加强特勤疗养的建设和研究,积极探索特勤疗养管理的新模式,为特勤疗养建设和改革提供理论支持.

  15. Engaging military parents in a home-based reintegration program: a consideration of strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Abigail M; DeVoe, Ellen R

    2014-02-01

    For more than a decade, the long wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have placed tremendous and cumulative strain on U.S. military personnel and their families. The high operational tempo, length, and number of deployments-and greater in-theater exposure to threat-have resulted in well-documented psychological health concerns among service members and veterans. In addition, there is increasing and compelling evidence describing the significant deleterious impact of the deployment cycle on family members, including children, in military-connected families. However, rates of engagement and service utilization in prevention and intervention services continue to lag far below apparent need among service members and their families, because of both practical and psychological barriers. The authors describe the dynamic and ultimately successful process of engaging military families with young children in a home-based reintegration program designed to support parenting and strengthen parent-child relationships as service member parents move back into family life. In addition to the integration of existing evidence-based engagement strategies, the authors applied a strengths-based approach to working with military families and worked from a community-based participatory foundation to enhance family engagement and program completion. Implications for engagement of military personnel and their loved ones are discussed.

  16. Influence of sleep self-adaptation on sleep quality in Chinese military personnel%中国军人睡眠自适应能力与睡眠质量的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔红; 胡军生; 郭渝成

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the sleep self-adaptation for Chinese military personnel and the correlations with sleep quality. Methods 857 soldiers completed the Sleep Quality Scale of Chinese Military Personnel (SQSCMP) and the Soldier Sleep Self-Adaptation Scale (SSSAS). Results The average level of sleep selfadaptation of Chinese military personnel was 2.89, below the theoretical midpoint score 3. There were significant positive correlations between the sleep quality and the global level of sleep self-adaptation and its 5 factors ( r =0. 16 ~ 0. 533, P < 0.001 ), except the factor of perceived importance of sleep ( r = -0.027 ). Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that the major determinants of the sleep quality were the factors of positive attitudes about sleep,the positive self-suggastions on sleep and the ability of anti-disturbance of sleep. Conclusion The positive and appropriate attitudes and beliefs about sleep are of benefit to sleep quality.%目的 探讨中国军人的睡眠自适应能力水平及其与睡眠质量的关系.方法 采用军人睡眠自适应量表和中国军人睡眠质量量表对857名军人进行了调查.结果 中国军人的睡眠自适应水平中等偏低,平均分为2.89分,低于理论中点分3分;睡眠质量与睡眠自适应水平之间的关系较为密切,除了与对睡眠的重视因子相关不显著外(相关系数为-0.027),与睡眠自适应总体水平及其5个因子的相关在0.16至0.533之间(P<0.01);睡眠的积极暗示、睡眠的抗干扰力和睡眠的积极态度等3个因子是影响军人睡眠质量总体水平的主要因素.结论 睡眠有关的积极、正确的信念与态度能够有效改善人们的睡眠质量.

  17. Description of Spouses of Officers and Enlisted Personnel in the U.S. Armed Forces. 1985. Supplementary Tabulations from the 1985 DoD Surveys of Officer and Enlisted Personnel and Military Spouses. Volume 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-11-01

    100.00 100.00 100.00 Number of Cases Total Personnel (In 1000’s) Environment for FamilTes Very satisfied Satisfied Neither satisfied/dissatisfied...college Vocational, trade, business , or other career training school • Junior or community college (two year) • Four year college or university...attend college O Vocational, trade, business , or other career training school o Junior or community college (two year) O Four year college or

  18. Military Personnel Dilemmas: Perspectives on Gender-Related Issues. A selected List of Resource Materials Prepared for the Human Resources Division, HQ FORSCOM

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    and-with distinction in formerly male-dominated occupations. Black women are shown in some of their current roles in the military. Steele, Diana A...Harassment. LADIES HOME JOURNAL. June 1977. pp. 24+. Sexual harassment undermines a woman’s job performance, poisons her work atmosphere, and carries

  19. Military Personnel: Army Needs to Focus on Cost-Effective Use of Financial Incentives and Quality Standards in Managing Force Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    Specialist 99 No 74D — Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear Operations Specialist 105 No 89A – Ammunition Stock Control and Accounting...Geospatial Engineer 0 No 27D – Paralegal Specialist 81 No 31B – Military Police 101 Yes 35S – Signals Collector/Analyst 108 No 45G – Fire

  20. Military Personnel: DOD’s and the Coast Guard’s Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Programs Face Implementation and Oversight Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-01

    and Doctrine Command, Fort Monroe , Virginia • Army Military Police School, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri • Camp Arifjan, Kuwait • Camp As Saliyah... Marilyn K. Wasleski (Assistant Director), Krislin Bolling, Joanna Chan, Pawnee A. Davis, Konstantin Dubrovsky, K. Nicole Harms, Wesley A. Johnson

  1. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Danish Soldiers 2.5 Years after Military Deployment in Afghanistan: The Role of Personality Traits as Predisposing Risk Factors

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) implicates research regarding factors besides the preceding traumatic event. This study investigated the influence of predisposing personality traits on development of PTSD in a group of Danish Soldiers deployed to Afghanistan (N = 445). Using a prospective design data was collected using questionnaires including the NEO Five Factor Inventory and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist. The results showed a PTSD-prevale...

  2. The Association of Predeployment and Deployment-Related Factors on Dimensions of Postdeployment Wellness in U.S. Military Service Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    to a wellness model.10,11 Premature deaths due to modifiable lifestyle factors, such as obesity and smoking, and the increasing costs of health care...smoking, and not being obese were predictive of being well. Much research has found that making these lifestyle choices promotes positive health, which is...consistent with being well.44,45,47,49 It may be important to encourage deployers to maintain or develop these positive lifestyle choices to help

  3. Relationships between job burnout and scene-trait coping style in Chinese military personnel%军人职业倦怠与情境特质应对方式的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙欣羊; 苏宗荣; 张理义; 徐长军; 陈春霞; 姚高峰

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore relationships between job burnout and scene-trait coping style in an effort to provide solid evidence for improvement of job burnout in Chinese military personnel.Methods A total of 508 military personnel from Nan Jing military area command were chosen by random cluster sampling,and were tested by Chinese Military Personnel Job Burnout Scale and Chinese Military Personnel Scene-trait Coping Style Scale.A variety of Statistic methods such as descriptive statistic analysis,t-test for independent sample,correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were employed for data processing.Results Married servicemen had significantly lower score in sense of achievement,but higher score in somatization(P < 0.05).Unmarried servicemen had significantly higher score than married ones in total active coping style,personal development active coping style,interpersonal relationship active coping style and health-related and economic coping style.Servicemen with college-below education had significantly lower scores in emotional negative coping style but higher scores in personal development active coping style than servicemen with college-above education.Negative and active coping style were both significantly positively related to job burnout(P < 0.01).Multiple regression analysis suggested negative coping,personal development active coping style,personal development negative coping style,negative coping of affection,interpersonal relationship active coping style and health-related and economic coping style are selected into the regressive function of military personnel'job burnout (P < 0.05 or 0.01).Conclusion Several factors of Chinese military personnel scenetrait coping style are predictors for job burnout.%目的 探讨官兵职业倦怠和情境特质应对方式状况及两者之间的关系,为减轻官兵职业倦怠提供参考依据.方法 使用军人职业倦怠量表和军人情境特质应对方

  4. Rlationship between psychosomatic health and both maladjustment and job burnout in military personnel%基层军官心身健康与适应不良及职业倦怠的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔令明; 过伟; 张理义; 姚高峰; 陈春霞

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of mental maladjustment and job burnout on the psychosomatic health of military personnel and their relationship and build α path model. Methods A total of 358 military personnel were selected by random cluster sampling. Military Mental Maladjustment Scale (MMMS), Military Job Burnout Scale (MJBS), and Chinese Psychosomatic Health Scale (CPSHS) were applied to collect dad. SPSS (version 17.0) and Amos (version 7,0) were used tot data analysis by correlative analysis, multiple-regression analysis, and path analysis. Results All single factors of job burnout were significantly positively related to interpersonal relationship and emotional disorder due to mental maladjustment (Pmilitary personnel (P<0.0l). Multiple regression analysis showed that somatization, negative cacanny, emotional disorder, and interpersonal relationship entered into tbe regression equation of total psychosomatic health score as dependent variable, and could serve as predictors for military personnel's psychosomatic health (P<0.01), the four independent variables accounted for 45% of the total variance of psychosomatic health. The influence of mental maladjustment on psychosomatic health was enhanced by intervention of job burnout into the path model, the fit indexes of which were as follows: χ2/df=35.2A8 (P=0.000), GFl=0.963, AGFI=0.875, CFU0.902, RMSEA=0.003. Conclusions Emotional disorder, poor interpersonal relationship, somatization, and negative cacanny exert significant effects on military personnel's psychosomatic health. Job burnout mediates the relationship between mental maladjustment and psychosomatic health.%目的 探讨适应不良、职业倦怠对基层军官心身健康的影响及其关系,并建立路径模型.方法 采用随机整群抽样法,选取某军区358名男性基层军官,使用

  5. 军工企业研发人员胜任特征要素研究%The Competency Factors of the R&D Personnel in the Military Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲桂芸; 田怡; 张明亲

    2011-01-01

    Firstly, the current research obtains the competency factors of the R&D personnel through reviewing the literature in previous studies. Subsequently, the author supplements competency factors through behavior event interviews ( BEI), and finally obtains data by administrating questionnaires. In the factorial analysis, five competency factors are identified, which are individual quality, knowledge level, operational capability, achievement motivation and team spirit.These elements are basic to the job analysis, recruitment, training and development, performance management of the R&D personnel in military enterprises.%通过文献分析方法初步获取研发胜任特征要素,通过行为事件访谈法补充研发胜任特征要素,通过问卷调查获取数据,并采用因子分析方法提炼出个人品质、工作能力、团队精神、学识水平、成就动机等5项胜任特征要素.这些要素是军工企业进行研发岗位工作分析、招聘、培训与开发、绩效管理等工作的基础.

  6. Diarrhea outbreak during U.S. military training in El Salvador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasper, Matthew R; Lescano, Andres G; Lucas, Carmen; Gilles, Duncan; Biese, Brian J; Stolovitz, Gary; Reaves, Erik J

    2012-01-01

    Infectious diarrhea remains a major risk to deployed military units worldwide in addition to their impact on travelers and populations living in the developing world. This report describes an outbreak of diarrheal illness in the U.S. military's 130(th) Maneuver Enhancement Brigade deployed in San Vicente, El Salvador during a training and humanitarian assistance mission. An outbreak investigation team from U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit-Six conducted an epidemiologic survey and environmental assessment, patient interviews, and collected stool samples for analysis in an at risk population of 287 personnel from May 31(st) to June 3(rd), 2011. Personnel (n = 241) completed an epidemiological survey (87% response rate) and 67 (27%) reported diarrhea and/or vomiting during the past two weeks. The median duration of illness was reported to be 3 days (IQR 2-4 days) and abdominal pain was reported among 30 (49%) individuals. Presentation to the medical aid station was sought by (62%) individuals and 9 (15%) had to stop or significantly reduce work for at least one day. Microscopy and PCR analysis of 14 stool samples collected from previously symptomatic patients, Shigella (7), Cryptosporidium (5), and Cyclospora (4) were the most prevalent pathogens detected. Consumption of food from on-base local vendors (RR = 4.01, 95% CI = 1.53-10.5, p-value <0.001) and arriving on base within the past two weeks (RR = 2.79, 95% confidence [CI] = 1.35-5.76, p-value = 0.001) were associated with increased risk of developing diarrheal disease. The risk of infectious diarrhea is great among reserve military personnel during two week training exercises. The consumption of local food, prepared without proper monitoring, is a risk factor for deployed personnel developing diarrheal illness. Additional information is needed to better understand disease risks to personnel conducting humanitarian assistance activities in the Latin America Region.

  7. Study on the psychological capability and mental health of military flying personnel%军事飞行人员心理承受力与心理健康状况的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖支仁; 王煜蕙; 刘玉华; 戚菲; 冯琦; 杜长伟

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨军事飞行人员心理承受力与心理健康的状况及其相关影响因素,为科学设置航空心理训练项目提供依据.方法 采用军人心理承受力量表和军人心理疾病预测自评量表对482名现役空、地勤人员进行测评,包括研究组飞行人员242人,对照组地勤人员240人.并对采集的量表数据通过方差分析、t检验、相关分析及回归分析进行统计.对飞行人员组心理健康状况与空军常模进行比较.结果 飞行人员组心理承受力较好且总均分高于地勤对照组(t=11.69,P<0.01),但人际交往和家庭支持因子分低于地勤对照组(t=-2.87、-3.54,P<0.01);飞行人员组与军人心理疾病预测自评量表空军常模比较,心理健康总分均值低于常模,差异有统计学意义(t=-2.09,P<0.05),显示受测飞行人员组总体心理健康状况较好.飞行人员心理承受力总分与心理健康总分相关性显著(r=-0.21,P<0.01),提示心理承受力是心理健康的一个重要的影响变量.年龄和是否为独生子女对心理承受力的交互作用有统计学意义(F=1.80,P<0.01).从回归分析结果可见,心理承受力对心理健康有显著的预测作用(β=0.137,P<0.01,R2=14.7%).结论 心理承受力是影响飞行人员心理健康水平的重要中介因素,需在航空心理训练中依据年龄等不同因素设置项目加以训练,旨在通过增强飞行人员的心理承受力,不断提升飞行人员群体的心理健康水平.%Objective To investigate the psychological capability and mental health status of military flying personnel and related factors and to provide aviation mental training with scientific references.Methods By using military psychological capability scale and the mental health rating prediction scale,482 aircrews and ground crews were evaluated.They were divided into flying personnel group (n=242) and control group (n=240).The analysis of variance,correlation and regression

  8. Burns and military clothing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, A D

    2001-02-01

    Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under

  9. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Danish Soldiers 2.5 Years after Military Deployment in Afghanistan: The Role of Personality Traits as Predisposing Risk Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janne Hellerup Nielsen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD implicates research regarding factors besides the preceding traumatic event. This study investigated the influence of predisposing personality traits on development of PTSD in a group of Danish Soldiers deployed to Afghanistan (N = 445. Using a prospective design data was collected using questionnaires including the NEO Five Factor Inventory and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist. The results showed a PTSD-prevalence of 9.2% in the total sample 2.5 years after homecoming. Using Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and Spearman¡'s rho significant relationships were identified between pre-existing personality traits of neuroticism and agreeableness with development of PTSD symptoms 2.5 years after homecoming, however, a number of additional cofounders were identified.

  10. A Comparison of the Postdeployment Hospitalization Experience of U.S. Military Personnel Following Service in the 1991 Gulf War, Southwest Asia After the Gulf War, and Bosnia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    Fibromyalgia 0.04 0.02 0.96 (0.52, 1.77) 0.01 0.71 (0.22, 2.33) 186 Testicular cancer 0.03 0.02 0.64 (0.32, 1.28) 0.02 0.80 (0.27, 2.39) 340 Muscular...symptomatology associated with contemporary peacekeep- ing: An examination of post-mission functioning among peacekeepers in Somalia. J. Trauma . Stress 11(4...extreme stress following war-zone military trauma : Associated features of posttraumatic stress disorder or comorbid but distinct syndromes? J. Consult

  11. Análisis descriptivo del personal militar español asistido por el Servicio de Psicología del ROLE 2 de Herat, Afganistán A descriptive analysis of the Spanish military personnel attended by the Psychology Service at ROLE 2, Herat, Afghanistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.A. Martínez Sánchez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Desde 2005, el Servicio de Psicología del ROLE 2 de la Base de Apoyo Avanzado de Herat (Afganistán presta asistencia psicológica al personal militar español desplegado en dicha provincia afgana. Esta asistencia adquiere un gran valor para el bienestar de nuestras tropas, dadas las características de riesgo y peligrosidad de las misiones que realizan en Afganistán. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal del personal atendido por el Servicio de Psicología del ROLE 2 entre mayo de 2005 y septiembre de 2009. Resultados: El número total de casos analizados fue 172. Los trastornos de ansiedad y los trastornos adaptativos fueron las categorías diagnósticas asignadas con mayor frecuencia, siendo la actitud terapéutica más común el control de la ansiedad, la terapia cognitiva y la repatriación o adelanto de la vuelta a territorio nacional. Conclusión: Para favorecer la adaptación de nuestro personal a zona de operaciones es necesario impartir programas formativos y educativos que permitan identificar, prevenir y afrontar estos trastornos: Del mismo modo, es preciso mejorar el perfil profesiográfico de cada individuo en misiones en el exterior.Introduction: Since 2005, the Service of Psychology of ROLE 2 of the Forward Support Base, Herat (Afghanistan, provides psychological assistance to the Spanish military personnel deployed in this Afghan province. This assistance takes a large value for the welfare of our troops, given the nature of risk and danger of the missions in Afghanistan. Methods: Observational, descriptive, transversal of military people assisted by the Service of Psychology ROLE 2 between May 2005 and September 2009. Results: The total number of cases analyzed was 172. Anxiety disorders and adjustment disorders were the diagnostic categories the more frequently assigned, being the most common therapeutic approach to control anxiety, cognitive therapy and repatriation or return to

  12. Deployment-related Respiratory Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Michael J; Rawlins, Frederic A; Forbes, Damon A; Skabelund, Andrew J; Lucero, Pedro F

    2016-01-01

    Military deployment to Southwest Asia since 2003 in support of Operations Enduring Freedom/Iraqi Freedom/New Dawn has presented unique challenges from a pulmonary perspective. Various airborne hazards in the deployed environment include suspended geologic dusts, burn pit smoke, vehicle exhaust emissions, industrial air pollution, and isolated exposure incidents. These exposures may give rise to both acute respiratory symptoms and in some instances development of chronic lung disease. While increased respiratory symptoms during deployment are well documented, there is limited data on whether inhalation of airborne particulate matter is causally related to an increase in either common or unique pulmonary diseases. While disease processes such as acute eosinophilic pneumonia and exacerbation of preexisting asthma have been adequately documented, there is significant controversy surrounding the potential effects of deployment exposures and development of rare pulmonary disorders such as constrictive bronchiolitis. The role of smoking and related disorders has yet to be defined. This article presents the current evidence for deployment-related respiratory symptoms and ongoing Department of Defense studies. Further, it also provides general recommendations for evaluating pulmonary health in the deployed military population.

  13. Chronic pain management in the active-duty military

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamison, David; Cohen, Steven P.

    2012-06-01

    As in the general population, chronic pain is a prevalent and burdensome affliction in active-duty military personnel. Painful conditions in military members can be categorized broadly in terms of whether they arise directly from combat injuries (gunshot, fragmentation wound, blast impact) or whether they result from non-combat injuries (sprains, herniated discs, motor vehicle accidents). Both combat-related and non-combat-related causes of pain can further be classified as either acute or chronic. Here we discuss the state of pain management as it relates to the military population in both deployed and non-deployed settings. The term non-battle injury (NBI) is commonly used to refer to those conditions not directly associated with the combat actions of war. In the history of warfare, NBI have far outstripped battle-related injuries in terms not only of morbidity, but also mortality. It was not until improvements in health care and field medicine were applied in World War I that battle-related deaths finally outnumbered those attributed to disease and pestilence. However, NBI have been the leading cause of morbidity and hospital admission in every major conflict since the Korean War. Pain remains a leading cause of presentation to military medical facilities, both in and out of theater. The absence of pain services is associated with a low return-to-duty rate among the deployed population. The most common pain complaints involve the low-back and neck, and studies have suggested that earlier treatment is associated with more significant improvement and a higher return to duty rate. It is recognized that military medicine is often at the forefront of medical innovation, and that many fields of medicine have reaped benefit from the conduct of war.

  14. Rickettsial Diseases of Military Importance: An Australian Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Frances

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The threat of rickettsial diseases to Australian Defence Force (ADF personnel is reviewed, focusing on the historical impact and epidemiology of these diseases. Scrub typhus, a mite borne disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi is historically the most important rickettsial disease, and continues to cause morbidity in ADF personnel today. The historical occurrence of tick typhus, murine typhus, epidemic typhus and Q fever has been limited, and modern diagnostic tools and antibiotic therapy mean that their impact is minimal. Deployment of troops to endemic areas, bioterrorism and exposure during humanitarian missions mean that rickettsial diseases will remain a threat to ADF personnel. Several rickettsial diseases have the potential to impact on military deployments. This article is a review of the information concerning the ecology, epidemiology and historical impact of rickettsial diseases on the Australian Defence Force (ADF personnel in peace and in wartime. Probably the most widespread and important rickettsial disease is scrub typhus, while diseases such as tick typhus, murine typhus, epidemic typhus and Q fever have been of lesser importance.

  15. The prevalence of common mental disorders and PTSD in the UK military: using data from a clinical interview-based study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hotopf Matthew

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The mental health of the Armed Forces is an important issue of both academic and public interest. The aims of this study are to: a assess the prevalence and risk factors for common mental disorders and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD symptoms, during the main fighting period of the Iraq War (TELIC 1 and later deployments to Iraq or elsewhere and enlistment status (regular or reserve, and b compare the prevalence of depression, PTSD symptoms and suicidal ideation in regular and reserve UK Army personnel who deployed to Iraq with their US counterparts. Methods Participants were drawn from a large UK military health study using a standard two phase survey technique stratified by deployment status and engagement type. Participants undertook a structured telephone interview including the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ and a short measure of PTSD (Primary Care PTSD, PC-PTSD. The response rate was 76% (821 participants. Results The weighted prevalence of common mental disorders and PTSD symptoms was 27.2% and 4.8%, respectively. The most common diagnoses were alcohol abuse (18.0% and neurotic disorders (13.5%. There was no health effect of deploying for regular personnel, but an increased risk of PTSD for reservists who deployed to Iraq and other recent deployments compared to reservists who did not deploy. The prevalence of depression, PTSD symptoms and subjective poor health were similar between regular US and UK Iraq combatants. Conclusion The most common mental disorders in the UK military are alcohol abuse and neurotic disorders. The prevalence of PTSD symptoms remains low in the UK military, but reservists are at greater risk of psychiatric injury than regular personnel.

  16. The prevalence of common mental disorders and PTSD in the UK military: using data from a clinical interview-based study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iversen, Amy C; van Staden, Lauren; Hughes, Jamie Hacker; Browne, Tess; Hull, Lisa; Hall, John; Greenberg, Neil; Rona, Roberto J; Hotopf, Matthew; Wessely, Simon; Fear, Nicola T

    2009-01-01

    Background The mental health of the Armed Forces is an important issue of both academic and public interest. The aims of this study are to: a) assess the prevalence and risk factors for common mental disorders and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, during the main fighting period of the Iraq War (TELIC 1) and later deployments to Iraq or elsewhere and enlistment status (regular or reserve), and b) compare the prevalence of depression, PTSD symptoms and suicidal ideation in regular and reserve UK Army personnel who deployed to Iraq with their US counterparts. Methods Participants were drawn from a large UK military health study using a standard two phase survey technique stratified by deployment status and engagement type. Participants undertook a structured telephone interview including the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) and a short measure of PTSD (Primary Care PTSD, PC-PTSD). The response rate was 76% (821 participants). Results The weighted prevalence of common mental disorders and PTSD symptoms was 27.2% and 4.8%, respectively. The most common diagnoses were alcohol abuse (18.0%) and neurotic disorders (13.5%). There was no health effect of deploying for regular personnel, but an increased risk of PTSD for reservists who deployed to Iraq and other recent deployments compared to reservists who did not deploy. The prevalence of depression, PTSD symptoms and subjective poor health were similar between regular US and UK Iraq combatants. Conclusion The most common mental disorders in the UK military are alcohol abuse and neurotic disorders. The prevalence of PTSD symptoms remains low in the UK military, but reservists are at greater risk of psychiatric injury than regular personnel. PMID:19878538

  17. Improvement of norm of Chinese military personnel's psychosomatic health scale%中国军人心身健康常模的建立及其结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张理义; 姚高峰; 范惠民; 梅贵森; 张志斌; 邹华根; 刘晓辉; 陈继军

    2013-01-01

    Objective To develop psychosomatic health norm for military personnel by means of the Chinese Military Psychosomatic Health Scale.Methods Random cluster sampling design was used to select the samples.A test by Chinese Military Psychosomatic Health Scale was carried out in 11 200 military personnel from the whole army,and the data in valid sample of 10 368 military personnel was analyzed by ANOVA and t test analysis.Results Significant differences of the military personnel psychosomatic health existed in different services except respiratory system (0.42 ± 0.81,0.44 ± 0.76,0.45 ± 0.70),reproductive-endocrine system (0.70 ± 0.90,0.68 ± 0.90,0.71 ±0.88,P<0.05 or 0.01),the entire status of the land force' s psychosomatic health was better than the other' s.(2) In genders,male had the better entire status of psychosomatic health.As compared with female (0.82 ±0.90,1.02 ± 1.35,P<0.05 or 0.01),male had lower scores in reproductive and urinary system(0.68 ± 0.90) and nervous system(0.87 ± 1.35),but higher scores in respiratory system (0.44 ± 0.78) and psychoticism (3.31 ± 1.52) (P < 0.05).(3) In ranks,the soldier' s respiratory symptom (0.40 ± 0.78),cardiovascular symptom (0.37 ± 0.901),alimentary system (0.69 ± 1.349),bone-muscle (2.20 ± 2.54),skin (0.47 ± 0.98),nervous system(0.83 ± 1.35),reproductive-endocrine system(0.67 ± 0.90),anxiety(0.65 ± 1.14)was better than the ofricers' (P < 0.01).Accordingly,4 norms of the Chinese Military Psychosomatic Health Scale,including the whole norm,the service norm,the gender norm and the rank norm,were founded.Conclusion The norms of different services,ranks,genders can be developed.Imaginably,it will be a great useful offer of psychological assistance for the selection of military talent and the screening of psychosomatic disorder as a good tool.%目的 建立中国军人心身健康常模.方法 采用随机整群抽样法抽取10 368名军人,进行中国军人心身健康量表的测评,对样本资

  18. DESCRIPCIÓN DEL PROCESO DE DUELO EN MILITARES VÍCTIMAS DE MINAS ANTIPERSONA -- DESCRIPTION OF GRIEF PROCESS IN MILITARY VICTIMS OF ANTI-PERSONNEL MINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAULO DANIEL ACERO RODRÍGUEZ

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The conflict of which is setting Colombia, has brought with himself the utilization of anti-perssonel mines which the groups use to protect their territories of influence and in the moments in which they are pursued for the public force. This paper shows the results obtained from the investigation realised by the authors with a group of the military who key in minefields thus took place amputations, the central objectives were to describe the grief process that these people by the lost one of members of their body confront and to explore on the elements that affect the facing of the traumatic event. A qualitative methodology was used, interviewing to 8 members of Colombian army affected by mines person. The results allow to observe two classes of psychological mechanisms of facing: the mechanisms of defense before the originating anguish of the hostility of external means, (negation, minimisation regression, rationalization, repression and isolation which make its appearance at the first the psychological moments of the explosive impact and mechanisms that help the amputee to adapt to their new condition, (comparison, atemporality, importance and spirituality which they appear at a second moment when the amputation is realised under surgical conditions and therefore already is perceived like a measurement for the preservation of the life.

  19. Incidence Of Predominant Desicion Style And Degree Of Cultural Uncertainty On Effectiveness Of Desicions Taken By Voluntary Military Personnel In Peace Missions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piñeyro, Diego Raúl

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Argentine militaries who voluntarily take part in Peace Keeping Operations, have to take decisions in environments which are influenced by multicultural contexts and uncertainty (Azzollini, Torres, Depaula, Clotet & Nistal, 2010. The effectiveness of their actions requires the use of intuitive and/or analytical processing strategies according to the circumstances. The aim of this work is to analyze the relationships between the predominant decisive style and its effectiveness under different levels of cultural uncertainty. A sample of 116 voluntary servicemen was evaluated in different situations in which such variables were experimentally manipulated. Results show that the subjects with a predominantly analytical style has taken decisions much more effective (f = 17.069; gl = 1; p = .000 being more effective their strategies in situations of low uncertainty. Meanwhile those subjects, with a predominantly intuitive style but with a minor level of general effectiveness, are more effective in the decision making contexts of high uncertainty (f = 5.450; gl = 1; p = .02.

  20. Cultural intelligence support for military operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guthormsen, Amy M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morgart, Ruth E [INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY

    2010-04-08

    It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

  1. 5 CFR 831.301 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military service. 831.301 Section 831.301...) RETIREMENT Credit for Service § 831.301 Military service. (a) Service of an individual who first became an... is not receiving military retired pay awarded for reasons other than (i) service-connected...

  2. 5 CFR 842.306 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military service. 842.306 Section 842.306... EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Credit for Service § 842.306 Military service. (a) Except as...' Retirement System Act of 1986, an employee's or Member's military service is creditable if it was...

  3. The examination of the reliability and validity of the job burnout scale for military personnel%军人职业倦怠量表的信效度检验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金美; 丁卫星; 陈方斌; 张斌; 张理义

    2010-01-01

    Objective To develop the job burnout scale for military personnel and examine the reliability and validity of this scale. Methods A total of 1000 military personnels were chosen by random cluster sampling to outline the Job Burnout Scale for Military Personnel, with the subjects divided into group A and group B, 280 of them were tested by this scale and Chinese Maslach Burnout Inventory simultaneously (CMBI), In group A ( n=500 ) Exploratory Factor analysis and Correlation analysis were used, and in group B ( n = 500) Confirmatory factor analysis was used. Results The results of correlation analysis indicated that the Cronbach'α of total scale was 0.917, and that of subscales was 0.719 ~ 0.847; split-half reliability coefficient of total scale was 0.920, and that of subscales was 0.723 ~ 0.867. The correlation coefficient of total scale scores and each factor was 0.731 ~ 0.808 (P<0.01 ) ,and the correlation coefficient ranged from 0.386 to 0.627 between the factors(P < 0.01 ). According to the results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, the sample data fitted better to the hypothesized structure of theoretical model ( Sense of achievement, Somatization, Self-assessment, Human relation, Demotivation) and the indexes of Chi-Square was 771. 914, the degrees of freedom was 395, the probability level was 0.000, the relative Chi-Square was 1.954, the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) was 0.044, and the goodness of fit index ( GFI ), comparative fit index ( CFI ), incremental fit index ( IFI ) were 0.904,0.919, 0.920 respectively. The correlation was significant between this scale and CMBI. Conclusion The Job Burnout Scale for Military Personnel has good reliability and validity.%目的 研制军人职业倦怠量表,并对其信度、效度进行检验.方法 采用随机整群抽样方法 ,选取1000名健康官兵,并分为A(500名)、B(500名)两组.用研制的军人职业倦怠量表对两组被试进行测试.对其中的280

  4. To reform military logistics personnel training on the basis of logistics support power generating mode transformation%从保障力生成模式转变谈军事后勤人才培养创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇; 马全洲

    2012-01-01

    Logistics support power generating mode transformation brings forward the higher demand for military logistics personnel training. This paper holds an eye on the traits and the rules of logistics support power generating mode transformation under the informationization background, puts forward the new concepts of establishing logistics talents training, broadens the new ways of logistics talents training, and perfects the mechanism of logistics talents training and using.%保障力生成模式的转变对军事后勤人才培养提出了更高要求。文中着眼信息化条件下后勤保障力生成模式转变的特点和规律,提出了确立军事后勤人才培养新理念,拓宽军事后勤人才培养途径,健全军事后勤人才培养使用机制等新观点。

  5. Finding Their Way Back In: Family Reintegration Following Guard Deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messecar, Deborah C

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this study was to describe deployed National Guard members' and their families' perceptions of their experience with family reintegration, and the causes and conditions of challenges reintegration presents after deployment. A total of 26 National Guard members and 19 family members participated in individual (n = 22), couples (n = 6), or focus group (n = 17) interviews. In-depth interviews were used to assess needs and maximize input from military families regarding deployment-related experiences and reintegration issues. Qualitative coding and analysis of data were completed using NVivo. Finding their way back in is the key process that the military members must complete to successfully reestablish their desired social connections with the family and reclaim their place within the family. Several conditions shape the degree of challenges with reintegration that veterans and their family will encounter. These include preparation for deployment, length and type of deployment, communication during deployment, and finally, awareness of how deployment changes the military member and the family. Support resources dedicated to providing National Guard members and their families with assistance in preparing for deployments and educating them about the importance of communication during deployment should be maintained and expanded. Broader educational efforts that increase awareness of what to expect regarding how deployment changes the military member and the family are needed. Reprint & Copyright © 2017 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  6. Efficacy of two versus three-day regimens of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for uncomplicated malaria in military personnel in northern Cambodia: an open-label randomized trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanthap Lon

    Full Text Available Emerging antimalarial drug resistance in mobile populations remains a significant public health concern. We compared two regimens of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine in military and civilians on the Thai-Cambodian border to evaluate national treatment policy.Efficacy and safety of two and three-day regimens of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine were compared as a nested open-label evaluation within a malaria cohort study in 222 otherwise healthy volunteers (18% malaria-infected at baseline. The first 80 volunteers with slide-confirmed Plasmodium falciparum or vivax malaria were randomized 1:1 to receive either regimen (total dose 360 mg dihydroartemisinin and 2880 mg piperaquine and followed weekly for up to 6 months. The primary endpoint was malaria recurrence by day 42. Volunteers with vivax infection received primaquine at study discharge with six months follow-up.Eighty patients (60 vivax, 15 falciparum, and 5 mixed were randomized to dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine. Intention-to-treat all-species efficacy at Day 42 was 85% for the two-day regimen (95% CI 69-94 and 90% for the three-day regimen (95% CI 75-97. PCR-adjusted falciparum efficacy was 75% in both groups with nearly half (45% still parasitemic at Day 3. Plasma piperaquine levels were comparable to prior published reports, but on the day of recrudescence were below measurable in vitro piperaquine IC50 levels in all falciparum treatment failures.In the brief period since introduction of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine, there is early evidence suggesting declining efficacy relative to previous reports. Parasite IC50 levels in excess of plasma piperaquine levels seen only in treatment failures raises concern for clinically significant piperaquine resistance in Cambodia. These findings warrant improved monitoring of clinical outcomes and follow-up, given few available alternative drugs.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01280162.

  7. The Importance of Military Cultural Competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Eric G; Writer, Brian W; Brim, William

    2016-03-01

    Military cultural competence has recently gained national attention. Experts have posited that limited outcomes in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in the military may be related to limited familiarity with the military. National surveys have indicated low military cultural competence among providers and limited educational efforts on military culture or pertinent military pathology in medical schools and residency training programs. Military families, with their own unique military cultural identity, have been identified as a population with increased risks associated with deployment. In response to these findings, several curricula regarding military culture have been established and widely distributed. Assessments of military cultural competence have also been developed. The clinical impact of enhanced cultural competence in general has thus far been limited. The military, however, with its highly prescribed cultural identity, may be a model culture for further study.

  8. Deployment Repeatability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-31

    potential future space-based mission through large-scale, ground-based testing. Full-scale deployment testing of two petal segments combined with...capture data for incorporation into larger analysis models. Stability testing of two full-scale composite strongback segments , including in a relevant...errors. The NuSTAR project opted for a metrology and adjustment system, which had many advantages for the project and few disadvantages . Because a

  9. Deployment Repeatability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    controlled to great precision, but in a Cubesat , there may be no attitude determination at all. Such a Cubesat might treat sun angle and tumbling rates as...could be sensitive to small differences in motor controller timing. In these cases, the analyst might choose to model the entire deployment path, with...knowledge of the material damage model or motor controller timing precision. On the other hand, if many repeated and environmentally representative

  10. Deployable centralizers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grubelich, Mark C.; Su, Jiann-Cherng; Knudsen, Steven D.

    2017-02-28

    A centralizer assembly is disclosed that allows for the assembly to be deployed in-situ. The centralizer assembly includes flexible members that can be extended into the well bore in situ by the initiation of a gas generating device. The centralizer assembly can support a large load carrying capability compared to a traditional bow spring with little or no installation drag. Additionally, larger displacements can be produced to centralize an extremely deviated casing.

  11. Deployment Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    family/unit briefings (to include POA/wills/ consumer law /insurance war clauses) - Provide fill-in-blank sheets to send coordinators of pre- deployment...services. 2. SGLI designations and "By Law" implications. 3. Wills for both spouses. 4. Powers of Attorney. 5. Consumer law issues. 1-7 B. Typically...Relief Act JA 261 Real Property Guide JA 262 Wills Guide JA 263 Family Law Guide JA 265 Consumer Law Guide JA 267 Legal Assistance Office Directory

  12. Avaliação do uso de repelentes contra picada de mosquitos em militares na Bacia Amazônica Evaluation of the use of repellent against mosquito bite by military personnel in the Amazon Basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Ribas

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: No Brasil, doenças provocadas por picadas de insetos são frequentes, o que torna extremamente importante a execução de medidas profiláticas de forma adequada, sobretudo, em áreas endêmicas como a Amazônia, que recebe um grande contingente de visitantes, a trabalho ou turismo. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar o uso dos repelentes de insetos disponíveis no mercado por militares que costumam realizar missões em ambiente de selva, na região amazônica. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados cinquenta e um militares da região amazônica que responderam um questionário em junho/2008. RESULTADOS: 63,7% dos militares usaram produtos contendo Deet na concentração máxima de apenas 15%, que possui mínima ação de repelência; 36% relataram usar protetor solar associado, o que levou a um risco maior de intoxicação; 36,4% fizeram uso de um repelente natural em suas missões; dois militares usaram vitamina B e consideraram a sua ação de repelência ineficaz. CONCLUSÕES: Os repelentes à base de Deet utilizados pelo grupo estudado apresentam concentrações inferiores às consideradas seguras para uso em ambiente de selva. Foi frequente a associação do Deet com protetor solar, que é uma combinação potencialmente tóxica. Os repelentes naturais à base de andiroba e copaíba apresentaram o maior grau de percepção de proteção.BACKGROUND: In Brazil, diseases caused by insect bites are frequent. Therefore, it is extremely important that prophylatic measures are adequately carried out, especially in endemic areas such as the Amazon which receives a great number of visitors, for both business and tourism purposes.. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of insect repellents available in the market by military personnel who often go in missions in the middle of the jungle, in the Amazon region. METHODOLOGY: Fifty - one militaries in the Amazon region were selected and they answered a questionnaire in June/2008. RESULTS: 63,7% of the militaries used

  13. 5 CFR 846.303 - Crediting military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... § 842.209 of this chapter; (v) The military reserve technician retirement provisions under § 842.210 of... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crediting military service. 846.303... Become Subject to FERS § 846.303 Crediting military service. (a) Military service performed before...

  14. Attitudes toward predeployment and experimental vaccinations among troops deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riddle, Mark S; Patel, Shimul S; Sanders, John W; Armstrong, Adam W; Putnam, Shannon D; Schlett, Carey D; Tribble, David R

    2008-01-01

    The Department of Defense is actively engaged in the research and development of vaccine(s) to mitigate the burden of disease associated with diarrhea among deployed troops. Soldiers' attitudes and beliefs toward predeployment vaccines and participation in experimental research with vaccines are unknown. To assess these attitudes, a survey was distributed among soldiers who had been and were currently deployed to Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom. Sixty-one percent of soldiers believe that predeployment vaccines are important, and 21% are hesitant to receive these vaccinations. Fifteen percent of soldiers stated that they would be willing to enroll in a study evaluating experimental vaccines, and 14% stated that they would participate in military research for vaccine development. Both male and female soldiers agreed that predeployment vaccines were important (86 and 92%, respectively); however, compared to their male counterparts, females were more hesitant to receive routine vaccinations (45% vs 37%) and less likely to volunteer for an experimental vaccine study (12% vs 20%). Officers and Air Force personnel were less hesitant to receive routine vaccinations compared to enlisted and other service personnel, respectively. Furthermore, if a soldier experienced three or more episodes of diarrhea, he or she was more likely to try an experimental vaccine to prevent diarrhea (23% vs 13%, p belief that immunizations are important and the hesitancy to receive them. Future studies should be directed to understand this gap and emphasize the critical importance of vaccines for health of US personnel in garrison and on deployment.

  15. Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-17

    subordinates of officers V. Nazarenko and A. Labunets who, together with the personnel of the pipeline subunit under the command of Lieutenant Colonel A...collaboration is played by the joint "Soyuz," "Shchit," and " Druzhba " exercises and the systematic exchange of experience, military-technical

  16. Retrospect of competency researches and prospect of its application for military flight personnel%胜任特征研究及在军事飞行人员中的应用前景

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨柳; 宋华淼

    2015-01-01

    Objective To review the development of competency in various occupations,and to prospect the application of competency research in the selection,training,assessment.etc.for military flight personnel.Literature resource and selection The related articles published at home and abroad.Literature quotation Fifty-one references are cited.Literature synthesis The widely accepted concept of competency is the potential or the deep personal characteristics that distinguished the persons with outstanding achievements from the others who were with mediocre performance in a work (or organization,culture).The main models of competency are iceberg model,onion model and pyramid model.Since the concept of competency was proposed,it has been widely concerned and deeply researched in many fields of China and abroad for its function in identifying the deep personal characteristics of excellent and general staff's occupation performance.The main research methods are behavioral event interview,questionnaire survey,situational judgment tests,focus group interview and job analysis.The military flight occupation highly requires personnel psychological traits.Related work of competency has been applied and got favorable and pratical results carried out and good actual effect has obtained in this field now.But it still can't compltetly satisfy the actual needs.Study on the competency of military flight personnel can provide theoretical basis of index system for psychological selection,psychological training,annual psychological assessment and daily psychological selfmaintenance.It will actualize the expectation on application of competency models and offer the help to finally establish "selection and placement system","assessment and training system" and "security and protection system".Conclusions For the higher performance fighter aircraft required,researching on competency and building aircraft and occupation orientated traits are signifying much,and the results would play a momentous

  17. Musculoskeletal disorders in main battle tank personnel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Lars Ravnborg; Guldager, Bernadette; Gyntelberg, Finn

    2009-01-01

    PURPOSE: To compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of personnel in the main battle tank (MBT) units in the Danish army with those of personnel in other types of army units, and to investigate associations between job function in the tank, military rank, and musculoskeletal problems......, and ankle. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: There were only 4 women in the MBT group; as a consequence, female personnel were excluded from the study. The participation rate was 58.0% (n = 184) in the MBT group and 56.3% (n = 333) in the reference group. The pattern of musculoskeletal disorders among personnel...

  18. 基于灰色系统理论的军队油料节约人员360度绩效评估%360-Degree Performance Evaluation of Military POL-saving Personnel Based on Grey System Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘训标; 郭继坤; 戴俊; 王红旗

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,based on 360-degree performance evaluation,the performance evaluation indicators system of mili-tary POL-saving personnel is established with 4 level indicators and 16 second indicators from morality,abilities,performance and achievements. The weights of each layer’s indicators are determined based on the theory of AHP. The principle and method of grey system theory are applied to establish a multilevel grey evaluation model,and 360-degree performance evaluation of 5 common POL-saving persons in a certain POL-saving group is obtained. The findings indicate that the method can not only systematically synthe-size“the poor information”provided by each appraiser,but also work out the grey class and order of priority of the persons evaluat-ed. The grey class and corresponding appraisal weight of the indexes can also be obtained,so the goal of 360-degree performance feedback can be achieved well. The study provides a new perspective and method for the performance management of POL-saving personnel.%基于360度绩效评估理论,从德、能、勤、绩4个方面构建了包含4个1级指标和16个2级指标的军队油料节约人员360度绩效评估指标体系。利用层次分析法确定了各评估指标的权重,运用灰色系统理论的原理和方法,构建了多层次灰色评估模型,并对某油料节约小组5位油料节约人员进行了360度绩效评估。案例应用表明,此方法具有系统综合各层评估者提供的“贫信息”的优点,不仅能得出被评估者的灰类及优劣顺序,而且得到了各指标所属灰类和具体的灰色评价权值,使360度绩效较好地实现了绩效反馈的目的。该研究为军队油料节约人员绩效管理工作提供了新的思路和方法。

  19. Require of Oral Health Care in Army Personnel Should Been Regarded by Military Hospital%军队医院要重视部队人员口腔医疗的需要

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李刚; 岳小红; 王成龙; 李洁; 唐荣银

    2001-01-01

    目的:为了解我军部队人员口腔医疗的需要,探索口腔疾病发病规律和口腔医疗保健现状。方法:将部队人员口腔医疗需要情况按需要后送医疗的程度分为四类,分别进行口腔健康检查、填写记录。结果:共调查人数为1 701人,共有83.3%人需要按期后送口腔医疗,有45.6%人需要及早后送口腔医疗,有1.7%人需要紧急后送口腔医疗,有7.4%人不需要任何后送口腔医疗。结论:我军部队人员的口腔医疗需要十分普遍,口腔医疗任务也十分的艰巨。并提出改善口腔疾病医疗条件、加强口腔疾病预防工作、建立口腔疾病防治程序等几点建议。%Objective: To survey the require of oral health care in army personnel, the pathogenesis law of the oral cavity disease and the actuality of the oral cavity health care should been explored. Methods: According to medical evacuation support, the require of oral health care were classified into four degree, the examine of the oral cavity health care and filling in read-in were separately done. Results:The data of 1 701military persons were collected from four garrisons. The survey results showed 7.4% for oral health care, 83.3% for oral health care in regularly, 45.6% for oral health care in quickly, 1.4% for dental emergencies. Conclusions: These results was shown the require for the oral health care in the army personnel is very frequent, and the oral health care seen to account for a significant problem. We suggest that the condition of the oral health care is improved, the work of the oral health care is strengthened, the order of the oral health care is established.

  20. Military Families: Child Care Support During Deployments

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Turn off Animations Turn on Animations Our Sponsors Log in | Register Menu Log in | Register Home Our Sponsors Ages & Stages Ages & ... MSEd, FAAP Last Updated 6/3/2013 Source Building Resilience in Children and Teens: Giving Kids Roots ...

  1. Iron Status of Deployed Military Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-04

    iron status indicators, as Hb concentration and serum ferritin were higher in women reporting amenorrhea as compared to those without...associated with diminished iron status. In female volunteers, menstruation affected iron status indicators, as Hb concentration and serum ferritin were...Participants were categorized as ID if they presented with >2 of the following 3 indicators of abnormal iron status: serum ferritin < 12 ng/mL,

  2. Missile Base Deployments: Impact on Military Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-25

    your basic journal publishing charges (to include costs for tables and black and white photos). We cannot pay for reprints. If you are 59 MDW staff...SG5 O&M); SG5 R&D; Tri-Service Nursing Research Program (TSNRP); Defense Medical Research & Development Program (DMRDP); NIH; Congressionally Directed...later than 30 days before final clearance Is required to publish/present your materials. If you have any questions or concerns. please contact the 59

  3. Deployment of Military Mothers during Wartime

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-12

    NUMBER N/A 9. SPONSORING/ MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) TriService Nursing Research Program, 4301 Jones Bridge Rd, Bethesda, MD 20814 10...Agazio, Janice Blair USU Project Number: N09-P02 17 He even learned how to do her hair which – that was – that to me was the kicker , the icing

  4. [Military psychiatry in a theatre of operations: on mission in Mali].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colas, Marie-Dominique

    2015-01-01

    The recent missions of military psychiatrists in the theatres of operation underline the reactivity of the French healthcare system, focused on the expertise of the combat unit doctor. Operation Serval in Mali illustrates in particular the methods of medical-psychological support in exceptional situations, across a vast geographical area and in very difficult climatic conditions. The concept of "forward psychiatry" has a particularly important role to play in the early screening and treatment of psychological disorders in order to preserve the operational capacity of the deployed personnel.

  5. The Effects of Korean Unification on the US Military Presence in Northeast Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-11-01

    Journal of Defense Analysis, 10 (Summer 1998); William O. Odom, “The US Military in Unified Korea ,” Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, 12 (Summer...Michael O’Hanlon, “Keep US Forces in Korea after Reunification,” Korean Journal of Defense Anal- ysis, 10 (Summer 1998), internet, http://www.kida.re.kr...War. The United States has forward deployed approximately 91,500 personnel to the Republic of Korea (ROK) and Japan, in part to deter North Korean

  6. 军事飞行人员注意力广度的主要影响因素分析%The study of influencing factors of the attention span of the military flying personnel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭庆军; 张永雪; 佟洋; 章炎文; 许涛; 蔡扬; 娄振山

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解军事飞行人员注意力广度的影响因素。方法以2013年在某航空医学鉴定训练中心疗养训练的健康男性飞行人员340名为测试对象,采用天津市高师教学技术装备技术公司生产的JCW-E心理实验平台对飞行人员注意力广度进行测试,并进行数据统计分析。结果①20~30岁组飞行人员注意力广度测试结果正确率好于31~40岁组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);31~40岁组好于>40岁组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);②飞行总时间≤1000 h组注意力广度测试结果正确率好于飞行总时间>1000 h组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);③不同机种飞行人员注意力广度测试结果正确率比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论飞行人员注意力广度与年龄关系较大,年龄是影响飞行人员注意力广度的重要因素之一。%ObjectiveTo understand the influencing factors of the attention span of the military flying personnel. Methods Total of 340 male flying personnel who were recovering in the aviation medical training center were recruited as the subjects in 2013. The attention span tests were measured with JCW-E psychological experimental platform from Tianjin Normal College Teaching Equipment Technology Company. Statistical analysis of data was measured with t-test. Results ①The accuracy of attention span test of the group of20~30 years was better than that of the group of 31~40 years old. The difference was statistically significant (P0.05).ConclusionThe relationship between age and the attention span of flying personnel is close. Age is one of the important factors affecting the attention span.

  7. What Is behind the Changes in China’s Military Expenditures?

    OpenAIRE

    Amara, Jomana

    2012-01-01

    The key to deciphering China’s military strategy and intent is to analyze the patterns and trends in military expenditures. It is important to fathom whether the Chinese plan is to develop a military that is personnel centric or whether they will build a military that is technology centric and expect to see significant reductions or reduced accelerations in the number of personnel that are employed. Understanding changes in personnel expenditures is one element in understanding th...

  8. The Transgender Military Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Dietert

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Although there have been studies that focus on the experiences of the gay and lesbian population serving in the United States military, few have focused on the experience of active duty transgender service members. Transgender individuals transgress the binary conception of gender by deviating from societal gender norms associated with assigned sex at birth. The Department of Defense has set policies and standards that reflect a binary conception of gender, with a focus on conformity. We argue that able-bodied gender variant service personnel are just as capable of serving their country as anyone else. Because of the repercussions associated with active duty transgender military personnel, our sample is small and involves nine clandestine service members and two international service members who wanted to share their stories from a different perspective. Snowball sampling was aimed at finding current active duty and reserve transgender service members. Using a combination of telephone interviews and questionnaires, data were collected from active duty transgender service personnel throughout the United States and two from international militaries that allow transgender people to serve. Data collection focused on the overall experiences of the participants along with questions regarding workplace discrimination, suggestions for policy changes, and their views about the overturn of Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell. Our findings add to a growing source of information about the transgender military experience in the U.S. armed forces and the importance of overturning discriminatory workplace policies that negatively impact transgender service members.

  9. Personnel scheduling

    OpenAIRE

    Vanden Berghe, Greet

    2012-01-01

    Personnel scheduling can become a particularly difficult optimisation problem due to human factors. And yet: people working in healthcare, transportation and other round the clock service regimes perform their duties based on a schedule that was often manually constructed. The unrewarding manual scheduling task deserves more attention from the timetabling community so as to support computation of fair and good quality results. The present abstract touches upon a set of particular characterist...

  10. NATO Force Health Protection Requirements from Pre- to Post-Deployment: Population Health for the Military (Les besoins des forces de l’OTAN en matiere de soins de sante du pre-deploiement jusqu’au post-deploiement: la sante des populations militaires)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-12-01

    Deployed Settings by K.L. Cox Military Health Care Policies in The Netherlands 2 by M.J.J. Hoejenbos Paper 3 withdrawn L’intégration de la gestion ...L’intégration de la gestion des risques de santé dans le processus de planification opérationnelle, la doctrine belge (Health Risks Management...les forces armées ont bien souvent été déterminants dans l’issue des conflits . Longtemps négligées, les maladies et blessures non dues aux actions

  11. Diogenes, Dogfaced Soldiers, and Deployment Music Videos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Geoffrey; Williamson, Bill

    2010-01-01

    This webtext explores the cynical/kynical humor of soldier videos, suggesting that amateur videos paradoxically both undercut authority and honor effective leaders, both make light of and also publicly reveal deployment hardships, both distance the performers from military groupthink and celebrate unit camaraderie.

  12. Enhancing Mental Readiness in Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    etc.) and psychological (e.g., attention, anxiety , etc.) systems become increasingly activated [16, 18]. Because they truly are interactive...wherein their] anxiety . . . [was] controlled by an active mental process developed by experience . . . [that] effectively constrained the effects of...psychological issues ( phobics , people diagnosed with PTSD) who are the typical subjects of the majority of traditional stress intervention programs

  13. Estimation of MPN (Military Personnel Navy) Obligations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-01

    12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) David M. Rodney, Mark B. Geis, Jenry A. Hammer 13a. TYPE OF REPORT 13b. TIME COVERED 14. DATE OF REPORT (Yaw. Mont. Day) 15...56 39 Officer Operatic .st-Move Frequencies ..................... 56 ILLUSTRATIONS (Continued) * Page 40 Average Officer Operational Move Costo

  14. Dietary Supplement Use by Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    release of the report on June 10th. A sponsor briefing was held on June 3rd at the Samueli Institute headquarters in Alexandria, V A. The...of Health) and Dr. Joan Walter (The Samueli Institute) presented a description of their respective institutions, their work related to dietary

  15. SOCIAL ADAPTATION OF DISCHARGED MILITARY PERSONNEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatyana A. Stakhy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the life plans of servicemen, retired includevocational training or retraining, developmentof new relations, the formation of a new value system based on the new realities and theirsocial experience.The article considers legal and organizationalsupport of former soldiers, analyzed groupof servicemen discharged from the Armed Forces, as a specific social group and identified its place in the structure of Russiansociety; revealed the ways and forms ofadaptation to new conditions of life; to makean analysis of the life plans of servicemen,removed to the reserve.

  16. A Comparative Study of Different Psychosocial Interventions to the Military Personnel in Island%驻岛军人不同心理干预措施的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李津强; 孟凡伟; 李萍妹; 吴张鹏; 张德栋

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析不同措施在针对演习现场心理危机的干预效果。方法:将某部驻岛123名军人分为2组,其中一组在现场心理危机初步识别和处置方面给予指导操作。采取军人心理应激自评问卷及症状自评量表对某部驻岛123名军人进行问卷调查。结果:在干预前,该部驻岛军人2组应激程度和SCL-90各因子无明显差异( P>0.05)。了解现场心理危机初步处置方法的A组,在干预后,SCL-90中躯体化(F=4.39),抑郁(F=4.41),焦虑(F=4.01)等因子均分较B组有着更显著的减少(P<0.05)。结论:通过心理危机初步识别和现场处置方面的教育训练,增加当事人参与的主动性,对心理危机的干预效果能事半功倍。%Objective:To analyze the effect of different measures on mental crisis in war exercise. Methods:123 military personnel were divided into 2 groups,in which one group was made by certain edu-cational intervention in identifying and disposal of psychological crisis.They were assessed with Psycho-logical Stress Self-evaluation Test(PSET) and Symptom Checklist-90(SCL-90).Results:Before the mental intervention,there were no differences in all the factors between the two groups.After the mental intervention,the A group which had disposal of psychological crisis,were significantly lower than the B group in the factor score of body,depression,anxiety(F=4.39,4.41,4.01,P<0.05).Conclusion:Ed-ucation and training in identification and disposal of psychological crisis can encourage the participants'initiative;increase the effect of intervention on psychological crisis.

  17. 'Post-deployment appraisal' and the relationship with stress and psychological health in Australian veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Breanna; Forbes, Andrew; Kelsall, Helen; Clarke, David; Ikin, Jill; Sim, Malcolm

    2015-12-01

    Understanding how veterans appraise their post-deployment experiences could provide insight into better assisting their deployment transitions. We aimed to assess the factor structure of positive and negative post-deployment appraisals in Australian veterans and to examine the resultant factors in their relationship with military stress and psychological health. Questions capturing post-deployment attitudes were developed by the researchers in collaboration with veterans. The questions were administered to 1938 veterans and the results factor analysed. The relationships between post-deployment appraisal, military stress and psychological health were examined using Structural Equation Modelling. A three-factor solution was found for the post-deployment appraisal questions; representing personal development, lack of recognition, and appreciation of life and country. Military stress was associated with the three factors and psychological health. The three factors were weakly to moderately associated with psychological health. Mediation between military stress and psychological health by any post-deployment appraisal factor was minimal. Post-deployment appraisal measures three important attitudes and concerns of veterans after deployment. Military stress is associated with the post-deployment appraisal factors. However, the factors did not mediate the relationship between military stress and psychological health. These factors provide insight into how veterans appraise their complex array of post-deployment experiences, and may provide useful in regard to transitions and integration into civilian life.

  18. Strong army couples: a case study of rekindling marriage after combat deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melvin, Kristal C; Wenzel, Jennifer; Jennings, Bonnie Mowinski

    2015-02-01

    Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), occurring in 15% of combat-exposed military personnel, are associated with a decrease in couples' relationship quality. The purpose of this analysis was to describe reintegration in Army couples with high couple functioning, despite PTSS in one or both partners. Reintegration refers to readjustment after deployment; returning to previous role(s). In a mixed-methods case study of Army couples with a history of combat deployment, we used existing quantitative data to define sampling boundaries, select cases, and guide interviews. Couples scoring high on couple functioning, resilience, and couple satisfaction were interviewed (N = 5 couples, 10 participants). "Rekindling marriage" required strategies to overcome challenges during couple reintegration. For participants as individuals, those strategies were allowing negative emotions, giving each other time and space to do the work of rediscovery and accepting a changed reality, and recognizing and addressing individual needs of the other. As couples, strategies were to go with the flow, open your heart, become best friends, maintain trust, and communicate effectively. As families, strategies were to normalize schedules and protect family time. Findings offer a preliminary basis for interventions to promote strong relationships for military couples with PTSS.

  19. Identification of Tasks Performed by United States Army Dietitians Which are Perceived as Delegable to Enlisted Personnel Having the 94F50 or the 94F40 Military Occupational Specialty

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-09-01

    it has been the least 1U.S. Office of Education, Training Food Service Personnel for the Hospitality Industry , (Washington, D.C.: United States...Skill in the management of the department’s 1U.S. Office of Education, Training Food Service Personnel for the Hospitality Industry , (Washington, D.C...of Education. Training Food Service Personnel for the Hospitality Industry . Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1969

  20. RSG Deployment Case Testing Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Owsley, Stanley L.; Dodson, Michael G.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Seim, Thomas A.; Alexander, David L.; Hawthorne, Woodrow T.

    2005-09-01

    The RSG deployment case design is centered on taking the RSG system and producing a transport case that houses the RSG in a safe and controlled manner for transport. The transport case was driven by two conflicting constraints, first that the case be as light as possible, and second that it meet a stringent list of Military Specified requirements. The design team worked to extract every bit of weight from the design while striving to meet the rigorous Mil-Spec constraints. In the end compromises were made primarily on the specification side to control the overall weight of the transport case. This report outlines the case testing results.

  1. 寒区军人消化性溃疡中医证候的流行病学调查%EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION ON TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE SYNDROME OF PEPTIC ULCER IN MILITARY PERSONNEL IN COLD REGION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢安辉; 李东利; 邵锴; 郭醉元; 阎铁成; 王亚玉; 陆宇平; 巩阳; 林一帆

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the incidence and distribution of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome and risk factors of peptic ulcer(PU) in military personnel in cold region and to provide an evidence for the prevention and cure of PU by the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. Methods A stratified multi-stage cluster random sampling method was used. A total of 7345 soldiers from northeast China was investigated with traditional Chinese dialectics medicine, questionnaires, gastroscopy and Hp detection. Results The total incidence of PU related symptoms (Sc≥5) was 20.1% , after standardization it was 13.6% .According to Chinese dialectics, 48.5% of the syndrome was stagnation of vital energy caused by cold-evil, 19.57% blood stasis due to cold, and 13.3% deficiency-cold of the spleen, all were higher than those other types( P < 0.01) .The incidence in autumn and winter acounted for 53.64% of total incidence. The incidence of Hp infection was 63.71 % (out of 350 PU patients) . Hp infection in ^coordination between the liver and stomach,and intense stomach-heat type were higher than in other types( P < 0. 01). Higher incidence of PU was found among the soldiers in the armored troops and lower in infantry. Mental strain ( OR 3.1), smoking ( OR 2.8), sustained intense training(OR 3.5), drinking (OR 2.1), family history of gastropathy(OR 3.4),insanitary diet(OR 4.6) were the main risk factors of PU. Conclusion Higher incidence of PU existed in military personnel in cold region in winter and autumn,most of them were stagnation of vital energy caused by cold-evil,and blood stasis due to cold. Warming Yang and expelling cold may be one of the important ways of prevention and cure of PU in cold region.%目的 调查寒区军人消化性溃疡( peptic ulcer,PU)中医证候分布规律及发病相关因素,为进一步采取中医理论和方法防治该病提供依据.方法 依据中医学三因制宜理论,采用多阶段分层整群随机抽

  2. 5 CFR 841.708 - Special provisions affecting retired military reserve technicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... military reserve technicians. 841.708 Section 841.708 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL... ADMINISTRATION Cost-of-Living Adjustments § 841.708 Special provisions affecting retired military reserve technicians. (a) Military reserve technicians who retire as a result of a medical disability are excepted...

  3. Typhoid fever cases in the U.S. military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorrell, Tia; Selig, Daniel J; Riddle, Mark S; Porter, Chad K

    2015-10-14

    Salmonella enterica, serovar Typhi (S. Typhi), a causative agent of enteric fever (typhoid fever), predominately affects populations in developing regions with poor access to clean food and water. In addition, travelers to these regions are at risk of exposure. We report the epidemiological characteristics of S. Typhi cases among active duty United States military personnel from 1998 to 2011 using data obtained from the Defense Medical Surveillance System. Cases were identified based on International Classification for Disease Ninth Edition - Clinical Modification codes. We identified a total of 205 cases S. Typhi for an incidence of 1.09 per 100,000 person-years. Cases were on average 31.7 years old, predominately married (n = 129, 62.9 %), Caucasian (n = 142, 69.3 %), male (n = 176, 85.9 %), and had a high school education (n = 101, 49.3 %). Of the identified cases, 122 had received a Typhoid vaccination within 4 years of diagnosis. This study provides an overview of enteric fever in the United States military. The incidence was similar to the general U.S. population except for increased incidence from 1998 to 2000, perhaps attributable to operational deployments in that period. Given that vaccination is an effective primary prevention measure against typhoid fever, active monitoring of pre-deployment vaccine history is warranted.

  4. Diarrhea outbreak during U.S. military training in El Salvador.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew R Kasper

    Full Text Available Infectious diarrhea remains a major risk to deployed military units worldwide in addition to their impact on travelers and populations living in the developing world. This report describes an outbreak of diarrheal illness in the U.S. military's 130(th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade deployed in San Vicente, El Salvador during a training and humanitarian assistance mission. An outbreak investigation team from U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit-Six conducted an epidemiologic survey and environmental assessment, patient interviews, and collected stool samples for analysis in an at risk population of 287 personnel from May 31(st to June 3(rd, 2011. Personnel (n = 241 completed an epidemiological survey (87% response rate and 67 (27% reported diarrhea and/or vomiting during the past two weeks. The median duration of illness was reported to be 3 days (IQR 2-4 days and abdominal pain was reported among 30 (49% individuals. Presentation to the medical aid station was sought by (62% individuals and 9 (15% had to stop or significantly reduce work for at least one day. Microscopy and PCR analysis of 14 stool samples collected from previously symptomatic patients, Shigella (7, Cryptosporidium (5, and Cyclospora (4 were the most prevalent pathogens detected. Consumption of food from on-base local vendors (RR = 4.01, 95% CI = 1.53-10.5, p-value <0.001 and arriving on base within the past two weeks (RR = 2.79, 95% confidence [CI] = 1.35-5.76, p-value = 0.001 were associated with increased risk of developing diarrheal disease. The risk of infectious diarrhea is great among reserve military personnel during two week training exercises. The consumption of local food, prepared without proper monitoring, is a risk factor for deployed personnel developing diarrheal illness. Additional information is needed to better understand disease risks to personnel conducting humanitarian assistance activities in the Latin America Region.

  5. Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-06

    Management Regulation , Vol. 7B, Chapter 8, April 2016. COLAs for Pre-August 1, 1986, Entrants For military personnel who first entered military service ...at a financial disadvantage as they would see a reduction in their multiplier at 20 years of service , but have not had the benefit of matching...

  6. Designing a Serious Game for Military Ethics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muller, T.J.; Visschedijk, G.C.

    2014-01-01

    Military personnel of all ranks and on all levels will encounter ethicaldilemmas during their career. Ethical dilemmas may occur in day-to-day business and, more importantly, during military operations, in which certain decisions may mean a difference between life and death. In order to prepare

  7. Military Benefits for Former Spouses: Legislation and Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-06

    regarding military personnel in 42 U.S.C. 659). 4. It allows a military member or retired member to voluntarily designate a former spouse as a...These payments are managed by the Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS).9 In order to be eligible for direct payment, a former spouse must have...dependents of deceased military members and retirees.11 All personnel of the uniformed services who retire on or after September 21, 1972, are

  8. Military Retirement Fund Audited Financial Statements. Fiscal Year 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-04

    the payment of pensions to retired military personnel, annuities to eligible survivors, and special compensation for certain disabled retirees. C...Balance not yet Disbursed represents the amount of earned and accrued pension and annuity payments. The MRF balance represents benefits payable on...to pay pensions to retired military personnel and annuities to their survivors. The Military Retirement System is a single-employer, defined benefit

  9. 5 CFR 842.307 - Deposits for military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Deposits for military service. 842.307... Deposits for military service. (a) Eligibility to make a deposit. (1) An employee or Member subject to FERS may make a deposit for any distinct period of military service by filing an application in a...

  10. 5 CFR 842.210 - Military reserve technicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military reserve technicians. 842.210... reserve technicians. (a) A military reserve technician as defined in 5 U.S.C. 8401(30) who is separated from civilian service because of ceasing to qualify as a member of a military reserve component...

  11. Correlative Study of Acute Mountain Sickness,Cognition and Mental Health of Military Personnel in Highland Training%高原外训军人心理健康、认知因素与急性高山病的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔昆; 张鹏

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨高原外训军人心理健康、认知因素与急性高山病的相关性。方法:采用基本信息问卷、Lake Louise急性高山病评分量表(AMS)、症状自评量表(SCL-90)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)和抑郁自评量表(SDS)对191名急进高原进行高原适应性训练的军人施以团体测验。结果:研究样本SCL-90的躯体化因子显著高于全国正常成人常模(t=5.019,P<0.001)。 AMS症状阳性组与阴性两组样本在文化程度(t=2.385,P<0.05)、社会支持中的倾诉方式(t=2.542,P<0.05)、求助方式(t=2.133,P<0.05)、对AMS的认知(t=2.423,P<0.05)、SCL-90总分(t=-4.936,P<0.001)及各因子分均有显著差异。 SCL-90总分、对AMS应对策略的认知对预测AMS症状总分有一定的预测作用。结论:高原外训军人心理健康水平、认知因素对AMS有显著的影响,运用合理的心理干预技术,可降低AMS的发生率,增强高原作战部队的战斗力。%Objective:To investigate the relationship between acute mountain sickness,cognition and mental health of military personnel in highland training.Methods:191 military personnel in high altitude area were assessed with the Lake Louise score,SCL-90,SAS,SDS and cognitive assessment to environ-ment and service.Results:Somatization score of military personnel in highland training was higher than the norm(t=5.019,P<0.001).Between the positive symptom group and the negative symptom group, the total score and every factor scores of scl-90,scores of social support,cognition of AMS,cultural level were statistically significant difference(P<0.05).SCL-90 score,cognition about how to cope with AMS had significant influences on the total score of AMS.Conclusion:Cognition and mental health have signif-icant influences on AMS of military personnel in highland training.In the highland training period, it is very necessary to

  12. Screening value of the mental disorders predictive scale for military personnel in re-examining new recruits for mental illness%军人精神疾病预测量表在新兵精神疾病复检中的应用价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张理义; 魏红辉; 赵汉清; 施建安; 孙剑; 苏宗荣; 李宁; 高志勤; 汪卫华

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨军人精神疾病预测量表对新兵精神疾病复检的价值,为新兵精神疾病筛查工作提供依据.方法 对2007-2009年某部入伍新兵采用军人精神疾病预测量表进行复检,同时采用线索调查、心理访谈以及中国精神病与分类诊断标准第三版(CCMD-3),经三级检诊明确临床诊断,比较军人精神疾病预测量表和临床诊断的一致性.结果 预测量表筛选阳性与临床确诊一致者共172例.预测量表对新兵精神疾病复检的敏感度为85.57%,特异度为94.19%,对各类精神疾病筛查的敏感度和特异度分别为:精神分裂症87.50%和86.11%,抑郁症81.58%和87.82%,神经症90.48%和91.11%,人格障碍80.00%和92.84%.结论 军人精神疾病预测量表检测结果与CCMD-3临床诊断结果无明显差异,该量表对新兵精神疾病复检敏感性及特异性均较高,可作为军人精神疾病的筛查工具.%Objective To explore the significance of the screening value of the Mental Disorder Prediction Scale for Military Personnel in re-examining new recruits for mental illness and to provide a basis for screening recruits for mental disorder. Methods The recruits who joined the army from 2007 to 2009 were re-examined using the Mental Disorder Prediction Scale for Military Personnel. They were subjected to three levels of diagnosis, which included a trace survey, a psychological interview, and the Chinese Classification and Diagnostic Criteria for Mental Disorders, Third edition (CCMD-3). Moreover, the clinical diagnosis was determined according to the three levels of diagnosis to analyze the concordance between the Mental Disorder Prediction Scale for Military Personnel and clinical diagnosis. Results More than 3,900 recruits were diagnosed with mental disorder using the Mental Disorder Prediction Scale for Military Personnel, whereas 201 recruits were diagnosed clinically with mental disorders. Among these recruits, 172 have the same

  13. 南战区军人心理状况的多维度多因素分析%Multi-dimensional and multiple factors analysis of psychological status of military personnel in south war-zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      目的研究南战区军人的心理状况及其影响因素,为部队进行心理健康教育和心理干预提供参考依据。方法采用症状自评量表对10113名南战区军人的心理状况进行调查分析。结果①南战区军人症状自评量表总分为122.34±36.70;②海军躯体化、敌对分值明显高于陆军和空军(P<0.01),恐怖分值明显低于陆军和空军(P<0.05);空军强迫性、焦虑和精神病性因子分值明显高于陆军和海军(P<0.01);③干部的强迫性、焦虑分值明显高于士官和义务兵(P<0.01),躯体化分值明显低于士官和义务兵(P<0.01),义务兵恐怖分值明显高于干部和士官(P<0.01);④大学本科和大专学历军人的躯体化、恐怖分值明显低于初、高中学历军人(P<0.05,P<0.01),强迫性明显高于初、高中学历军人(P<0.01);⑤除躯体化和抑郁外,男性军人总分和各因子分明显高于女性军人(P<0.01);⑥17~18岁、23~24岁年龄段军人的心理状况较其他年龄段差(P<0.05,P<0.01);2年、6年、7年军龄段军人的心理状况较差(P<0.05, P<0.01);⑦独生子女军人的躯体化明显高于非独生子女(P<0.05);未婚军人SCL-90总分、躯体化、人际关系敏感、焦虑、恐怖、精神病性因子明显高于已婚军人(P<0.05,P<0.01)。结论南战区军人心理健康状况总体水平较好,需重点关注以下人群:初中、高中学历军人、17~18岁和23~24岁年龄段军人、2年、6年和7年段军龄军人、独生子女和未婚官兵。%Objective We aimed to investigate psychological status and its influential factors of military personnel in south war-zone, so as to provide evidence for appropriate interventions. Methods 10113 armymen in south war-zone were investigated with symptom checklist(SCL-90). Results①The SCL-90 total score of forces in south war-zone was 122.34±36.70.

  14. 海军某部舰艇官兵腰痛流行病学调查%An epidemiological investigation of low back pain in the military personnel of a naval unit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任东风; 谭小云; 吴闻文; 侯树勋; 刘计鲁; 刘侃

    2014-01-01

    Objective To carry out an epidemiological investigation of low back pain in the military personnel of a naval unit. Methods An investigation of the disease state of low back pain was conducted in 1266 ofifcers and soldiers in a naval unit using a questionnaire about low back pain designed by ourselves, and relative data were collected. According to their service lives, all the respondents were divided into 3 groups, including the group of 1-5 years, the group of 6-9 years and the group of more than 10 years. The incidence of low back pain, the disability degree based on the Advanced Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Index ( OSW ) and the Body Mass Index ( BMI ) were measured in each group, and the differences among the 3 groups were analyzed. At the same time, the age, service time on the naval ship and BMI between the respondents with or without low back pain was comparatively studied. Results All the 1266 ofifcers and soldiers were divided into 2 groups, including the group with low back pain ( n=880 ) and the group without low back pain ( n=386 ). The incidence was 69.51%in the group with low back pain, whose age was ( 37.4±9.3 ) years old, service time was ( 9.4±8.7 ) years and BMI was ( 23.98±7.75 ) kg/m2. In the group without low back pain, their age was ( 27.6±10.3 ) years old, service time was ( 6.3±7.9 ) years and BMI was ( 22.42±10.34 ) kg/m2. The service time was signiifcantly longer ( P0.05 ). In the group of 1-5 years ( n=727 ), 455 ofifcers and soldiers had low back pain, whose service time was ( 3.1±1.7 ) years, OSW score was 8.63±4.71 and BMI was ( 23.43±13.11 ) kg/m2, with the incidence of 62.59%. In the group of 6-9 years ( n=356 ), 263 ofifcers and soldiers had low back pain, whose service time was ( 6.8±1.2 ) years, OSW score was 13.17±6.36 and BMI was ( 24.23±10.58 ) kg/m2, with the incidence of 73.88%. In the group of more than 10 years ( n=183 ), 162 ofifcers and soldiers had low back pain, whose service time was ( 11.8±1

  15. Keeping engaged during deployment : The interplay between self-efficacy, family support, and threat exposure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Delahaij, R.; Kamphuis, W.; Berg, C.E. van den

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the importance of 2 resilience resources for service members’ ability to deal with threat during deployment. Military self-efficacy and family support were measured before deployment and related to work engagement and burnout levels of service members during deployment. We hy

  16. Stigma and barriers to accessing mental health services perceived by Air Force nursing personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Stephen H A; Bedrick, Edward J; Parshall, Mark B

    2014-11-01

    We investigated perceptions of stigma and barriers associated with accessing mental health services among active component U.S. Air Force officer and enlisted nursing personnel (N = 211). The Britt and Hoge et al Stigma scale and Hoge et al Barriers to Care scale were administered via an anonymous, online survey. Stigma items pertained to concerns that might affect decisions to seek mental health treatment. Most of the sample agreed with the items "Members of my unit might have less confidence in me" and "My unit leadership might treat me differently." Approximately 20% to 46% agreed with the other four stigma items. Officer nursing personnel were significantly more likely than enlisted to agree that accessing mental health services would be embarrassing, harm their career, or cause leaders to blame them for the problem (p ≤ 0.03 for each comparison). Getting time off from work for treatment and scheduling appointments were perceived as barriers by 41% and 21% of respondents, respectively. We conclude that proportions of Air Force nursing personnel reporting concerns about potential stigmatizing consequences of seeking mental health care are substantial and similar to ranges previously reported by military service members screening positive for mental health problems after deployment.

  17. [Intensive care within the context of military long-distance transport].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossfeld, B; Rohowsky, B; Rödig, E; Lampl, L

    2004-05-01

    Due to the changed task spectrum of the German Federal Armed Forces with participation in international deployments for UN and NATO the concept of Aeromedical Evacuation (MedEvac) gained a new quality for the Air Force as well as for the Medical Corps. The transport of mostly severely injured or critically ill patients requires both, medical equipment which has to be permanently adapted to the national standard, and qualified intensive-care-personnel. At present, the aircrafts used for such deployments are four C-160 Transall, one CL-601 Challenger and two Airbus A310, which, if necessary, can be equipped with one or more intensive-care "patient transportation units" (PTU). Contrary to the two other aircrafts, the CL-601 Challenger is only equipped for the intensive-care transport of one individual patient. The PTU corresponds to the technical equipment of the intensive care unit of a level-1-trauma centre and ensures an intensive-care therapy on highest level also during longer transportation. The work with this equipment, the characteristics of the long-distance air transport and the special situation of the military deployment causes special demands on the qualifications of the assigned personnel. Primarily planned for the repatriation of injured or ill soldiers, in the mean time, this concept is also essential for the medevac of civilian victims after mass casualties worldwide.

  18. Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonar, Ted C.; Domenici, Paula L.

    2011-01-01

    The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on "wounded…

  19. Public health foodborne illness case study during a Special Operations Forces deployment to South America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCown, Michael; Grzeszak, Benjamin

    2010-01-01

    Although many public health articles have been published detailing foodborne illness outbreaks, a medical literature search revealed no articles that detail a case study or a specific response of a deployed U.S. military unit to a potential foodborne illness. This article describes a recent public health case study of a U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF) team sickened while deployed to South America. It highlights public health factors which may affect U.S. personnel deployed or serving overseas and may serve as a guide for a deployed SOF medic to reference in response to a potential food- or waterborne illness outbreak. Eight food samples and five water samples were collected. The food samples were obtained from the host nation kitchen that provided food to the SOF team. The water samples were collected from the kitchen as well as from multiple sites on the host nation base. These samples were packaged in sterile containers, stored at appropriate temperatures, and submitted to a U.S. Army diagnostic laboratory for analysis. Laboratory results confirmed the presence of elevated aerobic plate counts (APCs) in the food prepared by the host nation and consumed by the SOF team. High APCs in food are the primary indicator of improper sanitation of food preparation surfaces and utensils. This case study concluded that poor kitchen sanitation, improper food storage, preparation, and/or holding were the probable conditions that led to the team?s symptoms. These results emphasize the importance of ensuring safe food and water for U.S. personnel serving overseas, especially in a deployment or combat setting. Contaminated food and/or water will negatively impact the health and availability of forces, which may lead to mission failure. The SOF medic must respond to potential outbreaks and be able to (1) critically inspect food preparation areas and accurately advise commanders in order to correct deficiencies and (2) perform food/water surveillance testing consistently

  20. Military Exposures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Military Exposures Veterans may have been exposed to a range of chemical, physical, and environmental hazards during military service. Reports on Veterans’ Health Care Use What ...